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Sample records for high bcl-2 expression

  1. Expression of Bcl-2 in canine osteosarcoma

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    F. Piro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteosarcoma (OS is the most common primary malignancy of bone. It is responsible for 80-85% of the primary bone tumors affecting dogs and it is characterized by aggressive and invasive behavior, with a high metastatic potential. Several studies on cancer and related tumorigenesis, show an involvement of the mechanisms of programmed cell death and cell survival. Many signals seem to be involved in the related mechanism of autophagy and in particular, our interest is focused on the expression of a family of Bcl-2 that seems to be involved either in the control of biomolecular mechanisms like autophagy and apoptosis. In this study we investigated the expression of Bcl-2 in different cases of spontaneous canine osteosarcoma and the related preliminary results are described. We found Bcl-2 activity was increased in OS tissue compared to normal bone tissue. These results suggested that Bcl-2 activity may play an important role in the formation of OS and as a diagnostic for neoplastic activity. However, further research is needed to confirm the role of Bcl-2 activity in OS in canines.

  2. Pseudonegative BCL2 protein expression in a t(14;18) translocation positive lymphoma cell line: a need for an alternative BCL2 antibody.

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    Masir, Noraidah; Campbell, Lisa J; Jones, Margaret; Mason, David Y

    2010-04-01

    The t(14;18)(q32;q21) chromosomal translocation induces BCL2 protein expression in most follicular lymphomas. However, a small number of cases lack BCL2 expression despite carrying the t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation. This study aims to explore the mechanism accounting for the lack of BCL2 protein expression when the t(14;18) translocation is present. BCL2 expression in the t(14;18) positive cell lines FL18, Karpas-422, SU-DHL-4 and SU-DHL-6, was analysed by Western blotting and by immunohistochemistry using two different antibodies. FISH analysis was performed to confirm the cytogenetic changes in the cell lines and real time quantitative PCR was used to evaluate the BCL2 mRNA level. Sequence analysis of translocated BCL2 was performed on FL18, Karpas-422, SU-DHL-4 and SU-DHL-6 cell lines. In FL18, Karpas-422, and SU-DHL-4, the BCL2 mRNA level correlated with the BCL2 protein expression. In contrast, BCL2 protein was not detected in SU-DHL-6 line using standard anti-BCL2 antibody (BCL2/124), despite the presence of the t(14;18) translocation and high level of mRNA. cDNA sequencing of translocated BCL2 showed three mutations in the SU-DHL-6 cell line, one of which resulted in an amino acid substitution (I48F) in the region recognised by the standard BCL2 antibody, whereas the other two were silent mutations at aa71 and aa72. Interestingly, when BCL2 expression was tested with an alternative antibody, E17, the protein was detected in SU-DHL-6, suggesting that the 'negativity' of SU-DHL-6 line for BCL2 using the standard antibody is spurious. Amino acid changes were found in Karpas-422 (G47D, P59L) and SU-DHL-4 (P59T, S117R) but these did not affect BCL2 detection. This study suggests that some somatic mutations of the translocated BCL2 gene may prevent epitope recognition by BCL2 antibodies, and hence cause false negative expression using the standard antibody. It is recommended that in practice all BCL2 negative cases should routinely be stained with an alternative

  3. Bcl-2 expression significantly correlates with thymidylate synthase expression in colorectal cancer patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riyad Bendardaf; Raija Ristamaki; Kari Syrjanen; Seppo Pyrhonen

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To examine the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) and oncoprotein Bcl-2 in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, and to determine their mutual relationship, association to therapeutic response and impact on disease outcome. METHODS: Tumor samples from 67 patients with CRC, who were treated at advanced stage with either irinotecan alone or in combination with 5-fluorouracil/ leucovorin, were analyzed for expression of TS and BCl-2 using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A significant linear correlation between lower expression levels of Bcl-2 and lower levels of TS expression was found (P=0.033). Patients with high levels of both TS and Bcl-2 expression had a significantly longer disease-free survival (DFS) (42.6 mo vs 5.4 mo, n=25) than those with low TS/Bcl-2 index (P=0.001). Tumors with low levels of both TS and Bcl-2 were associated with a longer survival with metastasis (WMS) interval in the whole patients group (η = 67, P = 0.035). TS/Bcl-2 index was not significantly related to disease-specific survival. CONCLUSION: The present data suggest that CRC patients with low TS/Bcl-2 demonstrate a significantly shorter DFS and longer WMS. 2008 The WJG Press. All dghts reserved,Key words: Thymidylate synthase, Bcl-2; Colorectal cancer; Disease-free survival; Survival with metastaseis Peer reviewers: Shu Zheng, Professor, Scientific Director of Cancer Institute, Zhejiang University, Secondary AffiliatedHospital, Zhejiang University, 88# Jiefang Road, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang Province, China; Lars A Pahlman, Professor,Department of Surgery, Colorcctal Unit, University Hospital,SE 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden; Damian Casadesus, MD, PhD,Calixto Garcia University Hospital, J and University, Vedado,Havana City, Cuba Bendardaf R, Ristamaki R, Syrjanen K, Pyrhonen S. Bcl-2 expression significantly correlates with thymidylate synthase expression in coiorectal cancer patients. World J Gastroenterol.

  4. Prognostic value of bcl-2 expression among women with breast cancer in Libya.

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    Ermiah, Eramah; Buhmeida, Abdelbaset; Khaled, Ben Romdhane; Abdalla, Fathi; Salem, Nada; Pyrhönen, Seppo; Collan, Yrjö

    2013-06-01

    We studied the association of the immunohistochemical bcl-2 expression in Libyan breast cancer with clinicopathological variables and patient outcome. Histological samples from 170 previously untreated primary Libyan breast carcinoma patients were examined. In immunohistochemistry, the NCL-L-bcl-2-486 monoclonal antibody was used. Positive expression of bcl-2 was found in 106 patients (62.4 %). The bcl-2 expression was significantly associated with estrogen receptor (p50 years; p=0.04). Histological subtypes and family history of breast cancer did not have significant relationship with bcl-2. Patients with positive expression of bcl-2 had lower recurrence rate than bcl-2-negative patients and better survival after median follow-up of 47 months. Patients with high bcl-2 staining were associated with the best survival. The role of bcl-2 as an independent predictor of disease-specific survival was assessed in a multivariate survival (Cox) analysis, including age, hormonal status, recurrence, histological grade, and clinical stage variables. Bcl-2 (p<0.0001) and clinical stage (p=0.016) were independent predicators of disease-specific survival. For analysis of disease-free survival, the same variables were entered to the model and only bcl-2 proved to be an independent predictor (p=0.002). Patients with positive expression of bcl-2 were associated with low grade of malignancy, with lower recurrence rate, with lower rate of death, and with longer survival time. Bcl-2 is an independent predictor of breast cancer outcome, and it provides useful prognostic information in Libyan breast cancer. Thus, it could be used with classical clinicopathological factors to improve patient selection for therapy.

  5. Prognostic Importance of Bcl-2 Expression in Colon Cancer

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    Arsenal Alikanoðlu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: TNM classification, that had been established according to pathologic and anatomic characteristics of the lesion , is the most important factor in decision of adjuvant therapy in colon cancer. Despite curative resection, recurrence can ocur with a rate of 20-30% in early stage disease. Therefore efficieny of TNM classification is controversial. In recent years ,significance of molecular characteristics of the tumors besides their anatomic and pathologic characteristics in determining the biological behaviour and response to treatment have been discussed. In our study, relation between expression of Bcl-2 and the other known prognostic factors in colon cancer had been searched. Material and Method: Patients who had been followed up in our clinic were enrolled in this study. Expression of Bcl-2 was searched by immunohistochemical method. Results: A total of 52, 19 (%36.5 female and 33 (%63.5 male patients were enrolled in this study. Bcl-2 expression was found positive in 7 (%13.5 and negative in 45 (%86.5 patients. Statistically no significant relationship was found between Bcl-2 expression and sex, stage, regional lymph node involvement, presence of distant metastasis and histologic grade. Discussion: In our study, although not in a statistical significance, we found that Bcl-2 expression is related to early stage disease. Bcl-2 is a low-priced and easily accessible prognostic marker. We think that establishing expression of Bcl-2 by immunohistohemistry may play a role in determining prognosis of patients with colon cancer.

  6. Clinicopathological significance of Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression in human pancreatic cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Dong; Jian-Ping Zhou; Hao Zhang; Ke-Jian Guo; Yu-Lin Tian; Yu-Ting Dong

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To assess the clinicopathological significance of the expression of the apoptosis-inhibitory Bcl-2 protein (pBcl-2) and the apoptosis-promoting Bax protein (pBax) in human invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs) of the pancreas. METHODS: Fifty-nine surgical specimens of IDCs of the pancreas were stained immunohistochemically to detectpBcl-2 and pBax expressions whose correlation to tumor classification, staging, and prognosis was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The expression of pBcl-2 and pBax was detected in 21 of 59 (35.6%) and in 29 of 59 (49.2%) patients with IDCs of the pancreas, respectively. Neither pBcl-2 nor pBax alone was correlated to TNM staging and differentiation degree of IDCs of the pancreas according to univariate analysis. By Mantel-Cox test, the median survival time after surgery for pBcl-2(+) and pBcl-2(-) groups were 14.3 and 7.3 mo, respectively (χ2= 9.357, P = 0.002) and that for pBax(+) and pBax(-) groups were 12.9 and 10.2 mo, respectively (χ2= 0.285, P>0.05).Contingency coefficient between pBd-2 and pBax expression was 0.298, indicating that there was correlation between them (χ2= 5.74, P<0.05). The median survival time after surgery for pBd-2(+)pBax(+) and pBcl-2(+)pBax(-) groups were 14.3 and 14.1 mo, respectively, and that for pBcl-2 (-)pBax(+) and pBcl-2(-)pBax(-) groups were 5.9 and 9.9 mo, respectively. There was a significant difference between pBcl-2(+)pBax(+) and pBcl-2(-)pBax(+) (χ2 = 5.06,P<0.05), such was the case for pBcl-2(+)pBax(+) andpBcl-2(-)pBax(-) (χ2= 7.18, P<0.01). Cox proportional hazards model for multivariate analysis was applied, indicating that pBcl-2, TNM staging, age and pBax were high risk factors of post-surgical survival time. CONCLUSION: Both pBcl-2 and pBax have high expression in IDCs of the pancreas, indicating that co-expression of pBcl-2 and pBax is a good indicator of favorable prognosis in IDCs of the pancreas.

  7. EXPRESSION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF bcl-2 FAMILY IN AMELOBLASTONA

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    WANG Jie; MA Jie; ZHONG Ming; LIU Jing-dong

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To study the expression of bcl-2 and bax in human ameloblastoma (AB), and investigate the role of apoptosis in genesis and development of AB and the relation of apoptosis with the clinic biological characteristics of AB. Methods:BCL-2 and BAX proteins were detected in 75 cases of AB (primary AB 31 cases, recurrent AB 37 cases, malignant AB 7cases) by S-P method. Oral normal mucosa (NOM) and Odontogenic kerotosyst (OKC) were used as controls. Bcl-2 and bax mRNA in 20 cases of AB, 12 cases of OKC were detected by in situ hybridization. Results: The positive ratio of BCL-2protein was 88.0% ( 66/75 ) in AB, 74.3% (26/35) in OKC and 44.4% (4/9) in NOM, respectively (P<0.001). BCL-2 protein was expressed in peripheral cells and a few scattered stellate-shape cells in AB. The positive ratio of BAX protein was 74.7%(56/75)in AB, 65.7%(23/35)in OKC and 77.8%(7/9) in NOM, respectively (P<0.001). BAX protein was expressed in peripheral cells and stellate-shape cells with similar intensity. BCL-2 expression increased in recurrent and AB canceration(P<0.01), while for BAX expression, the positive ratio was higher in recurrent AB, but lower than that of malignant AB. A moderate negative correlation between BCL-2 and BAX protein was found (rk=-0.331, P<0.001).Conclusion: AB has much more apoptosis-inhibiting protein than apoptosis- accelarating protein. Apoptosis plays an important role in genesis, development of AB. The fashion and intensity of bcl-2 and bax expression were different in various tissues and in benign or malignant AB.

  8. Expression of P16 protein and Bcl-2 protein in malignant eyelid tumors

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    牛膺筠; 周占宇; 刘夫玲; 王红云

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between P16 gene (the tumor suppressor gene) and the bcl-2 gene (the apoptosis inhibitor gene) and the incidence and development of malignant eyelid tumors. Methods The streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase complex immunohistochemistry method was used to study the expression of P16 gene and the bcl-2 gene in 96 cases of malignant eyelid tumors. Results Among the 96 cases, there were 40 basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), 33 squamous carcinomas and 23 sebaceous carcinoma, with P16 protein positive (nuclear staining) rates 70%, 54.6% and 56.5%, respectively. The P16 positive rate was negatively correlated with the degree of tumor histological differentiation, and the rate difference between the high differentiated carcinomas was significant (P<0.05). Positive Bcl-2 protein expression was detected in the cytoplasm. All 40 BCC cases were Bcl-2 positive, and nearly all of the tumor cells showed positive cytoplasmic expression, while in the 33 squamous cell carcinoma cases only one showed positive focal reaction, and the staining in the other 32 cases was relatively faint. None of the 23 sebaceous carcinomas expressed Bcl-2. Conclusions The expression of the P16 protein was related to the occurrence and degree of differentiation of malignant eyelid tumors. The overexpression of the Bcl-2 protein suggests that suppression of apoptosis might play a role in the tumorigenesis of BCC.

  9. THE EXPRESSION AND CLINICAL VALUE OF APOPTOSIS CONTROL GENE Bcl-2 AND Bax IN BREAST CANCER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Jun; YAO Zhen-xiang; ZHANG Jing

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To study the expression and clinical value of apoptosis control gene bcl-2 and bax in breast cancer.Methods: Protein bax and bcl-2 in 41 breast cancers obtained from operations in our hospital in 1996 were detected using ABC immunohistochemical stain assay and compared with 10 cases with normal breast tissues.Results: The positive rate of bax in normal breast tissue was 90% and in breast cancer was 59%, with a significant statistical difference between them (P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in bcl-2 protein expression. Among the 41 breast cancer, the group with lymph node metastasis (21 cases) had obviously low bax expression (43%) and high bcl-2 expression (76%), showing significant difference to the group without lymph node metastasis (P<0.05).Conclusion: The antiapoptosis function of bcl-2 was stronger than bax in breast cancer. Protein bax and bcl-2 assay may be useful in understanding the biological behaviors of breast cancer.

  10. The Significance and Correlation of SODD and Bcl-2 Protein Expression in Acute Leukemia of Children

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    Hongfang Tao; Qun Hu; Liuqing Zhang; Aiguo Liu; Shuangyou Liu; Ying Hu

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the expression of SODD and bcl-2 proteins in bone marrow cells of children with acute leukemia (AL), and to examine the relationship of their expression with the classification, clinical features,therapeutic effect and prognosis for AL patients.METHODS Using the SABC immunohistochemical staining method, the expression of SODD and bcl-2 proteins in the bone marrow cells of 86 AL cases was determined. The patients were studied based on the following groups: 1) a first-visiting group; 2) a refractory-relapse group(some patients were sensitive to therapy but then suffered a recurrence);3) a complete-remission group (CR); 4) a high risk (HR) and 5) standard risk (SR) group; 6) a control group of patients with non-hematological diseases.RESULTS The positive rates of SODD and bcl-2 expression in the firstvisit, refractory-relapse and CR groups were significantly higher (P<0.05)compared to the control group. There was no significant difference in the expression of SODD or bcl-2 proteins between an acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) group and acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL)group (t=1.874, t=1.583, P>0.05). The positive rates of SODD and bcl-2expression in the patients who developed complete remission after chemotherapy were significantly lower (t=2.054, t=2.703, P<0.05) compared to the first-visit pediatric patients. The expression of the SODD protein in the refractory-relapse group was notably higher compared to the group treated initially (t=-1.081, P<0.05). A high expression of the bcl-2 protein was found in both the first-visit and refractory-relapse groups, with no significant difference found between the two groups (t=-1.196, P>0.05), whereas the percentage of bcl-2 positive cells in the refractory-relapse group (45%~87%) was significantly higher compared to the first-visit group (5%~62%). The positive expression of the SODD and bcl-2 proteins in the high-risk (HR) group were both significantly higher than the SR group (t=-3

  11. Differential expression of bcl-2 and bcl-x during chicken spermatogenesis.

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    Vilagrasa, X; Mezquita, C; Mezquita, J

    1997-05-01

    We report the isolation and characterization of a chicken testis bcl-XL cDNA coding for a long bcl-x protein with a hydrophobic tail, and the expression of bcl-2 and bcl-x during chicken spermatogenesis. Bcl-2 is highly expressed in embryonic and immature testes enriched in spermatogonia and barely detectable in mature testes, where most of the cells are meiotic and postmeiotic. Bcl-x is expressed in both mature and immature testes, but in a lesser amount in mature testes. Differential expression of bcl-2 and bcl-x during spermatogenesis is consistent with the reported different susceptibility to apoptosis of spermatogonia, and meiotic and postmeiotic cells.

  12. Expression of Survivin in pancreatic cancer and its correlation to expression of Bcl-2

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    Jian-Guo Qiao; Yu-Qing Zhang; Yu-Chun Yin; Zui Tan

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the expression of Survivin in pancreatic cancer and its correlation to the expression of Bcl-2.METHODS: Survivin and Bcl-2 expressions were examined by immunohistochemistry in 42 tissue samples from pancreatic cancer and 10 from normal pancrease. RESULTS: No survivin expression was detected in the tissue samples from normal pancrease, while it was detected in 34 of 42 tissue samples from pancreatic cancer (81.95%).There was a correlation between survivin expression and differentiation and stages of pancreatic cancer. Survivin positive cases were strongly correlated to Bcl-2 expression (28/30 vs 6/12, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Overexpression of survivin plays an important role in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer, and correlates to the expression of Bcl-2. Survivin expression can be used as a prognostic factor.

  13. Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in extrahepatic biliary tract carcinoma and dysplasia

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    Sheng-Mian Li; Shu-Kun Yao; Nobuyoshi Yamamura; Toshitsugu Nakamura

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To compare the difference of expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in extrahepatic biliary tract carcinoma and dysplasia, and to analyze the role of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in the progression from dysplasia to carcinoma and to evaluate the correlation of Bcl-2/Bax protein expression with the biological behaviors.METHODS: Expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were examined immunohistochemically in 27 cases of extrahepatic biliary tract carcinomas (bile duct carcinoma: n=21, carcinoma of ampulla of Vater: n=6), and 10 cases of atypical dysplasia.Five cases of normal biliary epithelial tissues were used as controls. A semiquantitative scoring system was used to assess the Bcl-2 and Bax reactivity.RESULTS: The expression of Bd-2 was observed in 10 out of 27 (37.0 %) invasive carcinomas, 1 out of 10 clysplasias, none out of 5 normal epithelial tissues. Bax expression rate was 74.1% (20/27) in invasive carcinoma, 30 % (3/10) in dysplasia,and 40 % (2/5) in normal biliary epithelium. Bcl-2 and Bax activities were more intense in carcinoma than in dysplasia,with no significant difference in Bcl-2 expression (P=0.1:10),and significant difference in Bax expression (P=0.038). Level of Bax expression was higher in invasive carcinoma than in dysplasia and normal tissue (P=0.012). Bcl-2 expression was correlated to Bax expression (P=0.0059). However, Bcl-2/Bax expression had no correlation with histological subtype,grade of differentiation, or level of invasion.CONCLUSION: Increased Bcl-2/Bax expression from dysplasia to invasive tumors supports the view that this is the usual route for the development of extrahepatic biliary tract carcinoma. Bcl-2/Bax may be involved, at least in part,in the apoptotic activity in extrahepatic biliary carcinoma.

  14. Expression of Bcl-2 inhibited Fas-mediated apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma BEL-7404 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Apoptosis plays an important role in embryonic development, tissue remodeling, immune regulation and tumor regression. Two groups of molecules (Bcl-2 family and"Death factor"family) are involved in regulating apoptosis. In order to know about the effect of Bcl-2 on apoptosis induced by Fas, a typical member of"Death factor" family, the transfection experiments with expression vectors pcDNA3-fland pcDNA3-bcl-2 were performed in BEL-7404 cells, a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line which expresses endogenous Fas, but not FasL and Bcl2. The data showed that the expression of FasL in pcDNA3fl transfected hepatoma cells obviously induced the apoptosis of the cells. However, the overexpression of Bcl-2 in pcDNA3bcl-2 transfected 7404/b-16 cells counteracted pcDNA3-fltransient transfection mediated apoptosis. Further study by cotransfection experiments indicated that Bid but not Bax (both were pro-apoptotic proteins of Bcl-2 family) blocked the inhibitory effect of Bcl-2 on Fas-mediated apoptosis. These results suggested that Fas-mediated apoptosis in human hcpatoma cells is possibly regulated by Bcl-2 family proteins via mitochondria pathway.

  15. Increased expression of Bcl-2 during mucous cell metaplasia induced by endotoxin and ozone

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    Tesfaigzi, J.; Ray, L.M.; Hotchkiss, J.A. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-01

    Apoptosis or programmed cell death is accompanied by characteristic morphological changes that distinguish apoptosis from other forms of cell death. These changes include DNA fragmentation, chromatin condensation, cell shrinkage, cell surface pseudopodia, and finally the cellular collapse into membrane-enclosed apoptotic bodies which are rapidly engulfed by macrophages or neighboring cells. Although the morphological features of apoptotic cells are well studied, the biochemical events that control apoptosis are not understood. Programmed cell death is triggered by a variety of pathways that are initiated by different stimuli including noxious agents, DNA damage, the activation of TNF receptors, or the withdrawl of growth factors. The central process of programmed cell death involves a cascade of biochemical events that begins with the initiation of a family of cysteine proteases, including the interleukin-1-{Beta}-converting enzyme, CPP-32, and Apopain. The ratio of Bax, a death-inducer gene, to Bcl-2, an apoptosis suppressor gene, determines whether or not the main apoptotic pathyway is blocked. Apoptosis is suppressed if the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax is > 1, and cells undergo apoptosis if the ratio is < 1. The overexpression of Bcl-2 has been shown to block the apoptotic program triggered by a variety of agents. Therefore, Bcl-2 must be involved in blocking the central pathway of the cell death program. In conclusion, this study showed that high levels of Bcl-2 were detected in some mucous cells at specific time points during mucous cell metaplasia, and this expression was reduced at later time points or was absent after remodeling of this epithelium.

  16. Expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins in human retinoblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Lata; Pushker, Neelam; Saini, Neeru; Sen, Seema; Sharma, Anjana; Bakhshi, Sameer; Chawla, Bhavna; Kashyap, Seema

    2015-04-01

    Regulation of apoptosis is a complex process that involves a number of genes, including Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Bax and other Bcl-2 family members. The aim of the present study is to assess the expression of Bcl- 2 and Bax in retinoblastoma, and correlate them with clinical and histopathological parameters. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were examined using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in a series of 60 prospective cases of primary retinoblastoma tissues. Immunohistochemistry showed expression of Bcl-2 in 40/60 (66.6%), whereas Bax expression was found only in 18/60 (30%) cases, and these correlated with mRNA expression. The Western blotting results also correlated well with the immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-2 (25 kDa) and Bax (21 kDa) proteins. Bcl-2 was expressed in 96% (24/25) of invasive tumours and in 45.7% (16/35) of non-invasive tumours. Expression of Bcl-2 significantly correlated with tumour invasiveness (P = 0.0274) and poor differentiation (P = 0.0163), whereas loss of Bax correlated with massive choroidal invasion and Pathological Tumor-Node-Metastasis (pTNM) (P = 0.0341). However, no correlation was found between Bax and Bcl-2 expression. Our findings suggest that these apoptotic regulatory proteins may serve as poor prognostic markers and can be used as a therapeutic target for the treatment of invasive retinoblastoma. Further functional studies are required to explore the role of Bax and Bcl-2 in retinoblastoma. © 2014 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

  17. Silencing Bcl-2 Expression in Epithelial Cancer Cells Using “Smart” Particles

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    Yen-Ling Lin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Short interfering RNA (siRNA targeted against anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein proved to knockdown its expression and trigger cancer cell death. We used degradable, pH-sensitive, comb-like [P(EAA-co-BMA-b-PNASI-g-P(HMA-co-TMAEMA] polymer to condense anti-Bcl-2 siRNA into “smart” particles, which proved to shuttle their cargo past the endosomal membrane and into the cytoplasm of HeLa and UM-SCC-17B cancer cells. HeLa and UM-SCC-17B cancer cells were treated with anti-Bcl-2 particles followed by quantifying Bcl-2 mRNA and protein levels using qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. “Smart” anti-Bcl-2 particles selectively suppress Bcl-2 mRNA and protein levels in HeLa cells by 50%–60% and 79%–81%, respectively. Similarly, “smart” anti-Bcl-2 particles inhibited Bcl-2 mRNA levels by 30%, 40%, and 20% upon incubation with UM-SCC-17B cancer cells for 48, 72, and 96 h, respectively. Bcl-2 protein expression in UM-SCC-17B cancer cells was inhibited by 30% after treatment for 72 h. Results show that pH-sensitive comb-like polymer complex anti-Bcl-2 siRNA forming “smart” nanoparticles that deliver their cargo into the cytoplasm of HeLa and UM-SCC-17B cancer cells causing Bcl-2 knockdown at the mRNA and protein levels.

  18. [Expressions and significance of NDRG2 and Bcl-2 in human gastric cancer tissues].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Ruixue; Shi, Yongquan; Zhang, Lianfeng

    2015-04-01

    To analyze the expressions of N-myc downstream regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) and B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) in human gastric cancer in an attempt to explore their correlation and clinical significance. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of NDRG2 and Bcl-2 in human gastric cancer, para-carcinoma tissues and normal tissues. The correlation between their expressions and clinicopathologic data were analyzed using statistical software in gastric cancer tissues. The tissue microarray consisting of 64 gastric cancer and 10 normal gastric tissues showed NDRG2 expression in gastric cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in normal tissues, whereas Bcl-2 expression in gastric cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues. It was also indicated that NDRG2 was negatively correlated with Bcl-2 in gastric cancer tissues. NDRG2 and Bcl-2 were further analyzed in 206 gastric cancer and paired para-carcinoma tissues. It was displayed that the expression levels of NDRG2 and Bcl-2 in human gastric cancer were not associated with age and sex, but significantly associated with tumor differentiation, clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. There is a negative correlation between NDRG2 and Bcl-2 expressions in human gastric cancer, suggesting they might be synergistically involved in the development of gastric cancer.

  19. Association of Bax Expression and Bcl2/Bax Ratio with Clinical and Molecular Prognostic Markers in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

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    Vucicevic, Ksenija; Jakovljevic, Vladimir; Colovic, Natasa; Tosic, Natasa; Kostic, Tatjana; Glumac, Irena; Pavlovic, Sonja; Karan-Djurasevic, Teodora; Colovic, Milica

    2016-04-01

    In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), in vivo apoptotic resistance of malignant B lymphocytes results, in part, from the intrinsic defects of their apoptotic machinery. These include genetic alterations and aberrant expression of many apoptosis regulators, among which the Bcl2 family members play a central role. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of pro-apoptotic Bax gene expression and Bcl2/Bax ratio with the clinical features of CLL patients as well as with molecular prognostic markers, namely the mutational status of rearranged immunoglobulin heavy variable (IGHV) genes and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene expression. We analyzed the expression of Bax mRNA and Bcl2/Bax mRNA ratio in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 58 unselected CLL patients and 10 healthy controls by the quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. We detected significant Bax gene overexpression in CLL samples compared to non-leukemic samples (p=0.003), as well as an elevated Bcl2/Bax ratio (p=Bax ratio showed a negative correlation to lymphocyte doubling time (r=-0.307; p=0.0451), while high-level Bax expression was associated with LPL-positive status (p=0.035). Both the expression of Bax and Bcl2/Bax ratio were higher in patients with unmutated vs. mutated IGHV rearrangements, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Our results suggest that dysregulated expression of Bcl2 and Bax, which leads to a high Bcl2/Bax ratio in leukemic cells, contributes to the pathogenesis and clinical course of CLL.

  20. A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON SURVIVIN AND BCL-2 EXPRESSION IN CERVICAL CARCINOMAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective To study the expression of a novel inhibitor of apptosis and survivin in cervical carcinoma and its relationship to the expression of Bcl-2.Methods Using SP immunohistochemical technique, we examined the expression of survivin and Bcl-2 in 59 cervical invasive squamous cell carcinomas.Results Survivin was expressed in 41 of 59 cases(69.5%) of cervical carcinomas. In contrast, no expression of survivin in normal cervical tissues was observed. Overexpression of survivin was related to the tumor grade and clinical stage. Survivin positive cases were strongly associated with Bcl-2 expression(80% versus 35.7%;P<0.005).Conclusion Apoptosis inhibition by survivin abnormal expression, alone or in cooperation with Bcl-2, may participate in the onset and progression of cervical carcinoma. Survivin is a new diagnostic/therapeutic target in cervical cancer.

  1. MicroRNA-125b Induces Cancer Cell Apoptosis Through Suppression of Bcl-2 Expression

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    Aihua Zhao; Quan Zeng; Xiaoyan Xie; unnian Zhou; Wen Yue; Yali Li; Xuetao Pei

    2012-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small,noncoding RNAs which can often act as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor.Several miRNAs are associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).We demonstrated that miR-125b significantly suppresses HCC cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis by inhibiting the gene expression of the anti-apoptotic protein,Bcl-2.Bioinformatic analysis indicated that the 3'UTR of Bcl-2 has binding sites for miR-125b.Luciferase reporter assay confirmed the ability of miR-125b to dramatically suppress Bcl-2 transcription,suggesting that Bcl-2 is a target gene for miR-125b.We concluded that miR-125b acts as a tumor suppressor in hepatic tumor development by targeting Bcl-2 and inducing cancer cell apoptosis.

  2. Expression of Bcl-2 in adult human brain regions with special reference to neurodegenerative disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, S; Javoy-Agid, F; Herrero, M T; Strada, O; Boissiere, F; Hibner, U; Agid, Y

    1997-07-01

    The expression of the protooncogene bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis in various cells, was examined in the adult human brain. Several experimental criteria were used to verify its presence; mRNA was analyzed by northern blot with parallel experiments in mouse tissues, by RNase protection, and by in situ hybridization histochemistry. Bcl-2 protein was detected by western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Two bcl-2 mRNA species were identified in the human brain. The pattern of distribution of bcl-2 mRNA at the cellular level showed labeling in neurons but not glia. The in situ hybridization signal was stronger in the pyramidal neurons of the cerebral cortex and in the cholinergic neurons of the nucleus basalis of Meynert than in the Purkinje neurons of the cerebellum. Both melanized and nonmelanized neurons were labeled in the substantia nigra. In the striatum, bcl-2 mRNA was detected in some but not all neurons. In the regions examined for Bcl-2 protein, the expression pattern correlated with the mRNA results. In patients with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, quantification of bcl-2 mRNA in the nucleus basalis of Meynert and substantia nigra, respectively, showed that the expression was unaltered compared with controls, raising the possibility that the expression of other components of apoptosis is modulated.

  3. Effect of β Radiation on Bcl-2 and Bax Expressions in Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Tissues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Qing-jie; GAO Shi; ZHAO Jie; GU Xin-quan; CAI Shan-yu; ZHAO Guo-qing

    2008-01-01

    The authors chose specimens from nine normal prostate tissues(NP group),15 benign prostate hyperplasia(BPH) prostates(BPH group),and 35 BPH prostates that had been treated with 90Sr/90Y Prostatic Hyperplasia Applicator(exposure group),The expressions of bcl-2 and bax in stroma and epithelia of prostate tissues were demonstrated by means of immunohistochemical staining,and the staining positive rate was semiquantatively determined,so as to observe the expression of bcl-2 and bax genes in the prostate tissues of normal individuals and BPH patients,before and after β radiation,and to evaluate the influence of β radiation on bcl-2 and bax expressions,The expressions of gene bcl-2 in the prostate epithelia of NP and BPH are significantly higher than those in the prostate stroma(P<0.01),However,the expressions of bcl-2 in the prostate epithelia and stroma of the BPH group are obviously higher than those in the NP group(P<0.01),The expression of gene bax in the prostate epithelia of the NP group is higher than that in the BPH group(P<0.05),However,bcl-2 expressions in the prostate epithelia and stroma of the BPH group are significantly higher than the bax expressions(P<0.01),Compared with those of the NP group,the expressions of bcl-2 in the prostate epithelia and stroma of the exposure group decrease remarkably,even as the expressions of the bax notably increase(P<0.01),Thus,the administration of β radiation can remarkably affect bcl-2 and bax gene expressions,to regulate cell apoptosis,in the prostate tissues of BPH.

  4. MYC/BCL2 double-hit high-grade B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shaoying; Lin, Pei; Young, Ken H; Kanagal-Shamanna, Rashmi; Yin, C Cameron; Medeiros, L Jeffrey

    2013-09-01

    Double-hit lymphoma (DHL) has been defined by others as a B-cell lymphoma with MYC/8q24 rearrangement in combination with a translocation involving another gene, such as BCL2, BCL3, or BCL6. The most common form of DHL has translocations involving MYC and BCL2, also known as MYC/BCL2 DHL. In recent years, a number of case series of MYC/BCL2 DHL have been published. Most cases of MYC/BCL2 DHL morphologically resemble diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma. These tumors are of B-cell lineage, have a germinal center B-cell immunophenotype with a high proliferation rate, and a complex karyotype. Patients with these tumors have an aggressive clinical course and poor prognosis despite high-intensity chemotherapy. More recently, studies have suggested expanding the spectrum of MYC/BCL2 DHL to include cases that have concurrent MYC and BCL2 cytogenetic abnormalities, but not necessarily translocations. In addition, overexpression of MYC and BCL2 has been shown in an appreciable subset of DLBCL tumors. These tumors show overlap with MYC/BCL2 DHL, but are not equivalent. In this review, we discuss the clinicopathologic, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic, and prognostic features of MYC/BCL2 DHL.

  5. Identification of an HLA-A*0201 restricted Bcl2-derived epitope expressed on tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Mingjun; Johansen, Britta; Nissen, Mogens H

    2006-01-01

    A large number of human tumor-associated antigen-derived peptides have been identified that are recognized by CTLs in a MHC-I restricted fashion. The apoptosis inhibitory protein Bcl2 is overexpressed in many human cancers as part of their neoplastic phenotype. Since inhibition or loss of Bcl2...... expression might impair tumor growth and survival, this protein may serve as a rational target for vaccine-induced CTL responses. By Western blot technique, we screened a panel of established human tumor cell lines for proteins involved in the apoptotic process. Two of eight tumor cell lines, a B lymphoma...... (Loukes) and a colon carcinoma (CCL220) cell line showed increased Bcl2 protein expression whereas the majority of tumor cell lines expressed proapoptotic proteins. Neither fibroblasts nor peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed Bcl2 expression. An HLA-A*0201 restricted CTL epitope was deduced in silica...

  6. Sigma-1 Receptors Regulate Bcl-2 Expression by Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Transcriptional Regulation of Nuclear Factor κB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meunier, Johann

    2010-01-01

    The expression of Bcl-2, the major antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, is under complex controls of several factors, including reactive oxygen species (ROS). The σ-1 receptor (Sig-1R), which was recently identified as a novel molecular chaperone at the mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane (MAM), has been shown to exert robust cellular protective actions. However, mechanisms underlying the antiapoptotic action of the Sig-1R remain to be clarified. Here, we found that the Sig-1R promotes cellular survival by regulating the Bcl-2 expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Although both Sig-1Rs and Bcl-2 are highly enriched at the MAM, Sig-1Rs neither associate physically with Bcl-2 nor regulate stability of Bcl-2 proteins. However, Sig-1Rs tonically regulate the expression of Bcl-2 proteins. Knockdown of Sig-1Rs down-regulates whereas overexpression of Sig-1Rs up-regulates bcl-2 mRNA, indicating that the Sig-1R transcriptionally regulates the expression of Bcl-2. The effect of Sig-1R small interfering RNA down-regulating Bcl-2 was blocked by ROS scavengers and by the inhibitor of the ROS-inducible transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Knockdown of Sig-1Rs up-regulates p105, the precursor of NF-κB, while concomitantly decreasing inhibitor of nuclear factor-κBα. Sig-1R knockdown also accelerates the conversion of p105 to the active form p50. Lastly, we showed that knockdown of Sig-1Rs potentiates H2O2-induced apoptosis; the action is blocked by either the NF-κB inhibitor oridonin or overexpression of Bcl-2. Thus, these findings suggest that Sig-1Rs promote cell survival, at least in part, by transcriptionally regulating Bcl-2 expression via the ROS/NF-κB pathway. PMID:19855099

  7. Bcl-2/Bax protein and mRNA expression in yak (Bos grunniens) placentomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, JiangFeng; Yu, SiJiu; Cui, Yan; Xu, Gengquan; Wang, Libin; Pan, Yangyang; He, Honghong

    2017-07-29

    Placental function is complex and influenced by various factors; furthermore, it depends on a delicate balance between cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and cell death. Bcl-2 and Bax proteins are key apoptosis regulators and are considered to play an important role in the maintenance of both dynamic balance and integrity of many tissues. Changes in Bcl-2 and Bax expressions have been described during different developmental stages in normal human placentas. Studies furthermore indicated several pathological placental changes to be related to abnormal Bcl-2 and Bax expressions. In the present study, we investigated both expression and distribution of Bcl-2 and Bax in yak placentas. For this, we collected placentas of 35 yaks at different stages of pregnancy as well as cotyledonary villi of four postpartum yaks. Protein and mRNA expressions of both Bcl-2 and Bax were investigated via immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and real-time PCR. Immunoreactive Bcl-2 protein was mainly localized near the fetal villous trophoblast at various gestational stages and post-partum. The Positive Index (PI) of Bcl-2 protein expression significantly decreased with increasing gestational age. Early during pregnancy (≤2 months), the Bax protein was widely distributed in the fetal villous trophoblast layer, the maternal caruncular crypt epithelium, and the stroma. Subsequently, the Bax protein distribution gradually concentrated in the fetal villous trophoblast layer. The staining intensity of Bax increased from the 3rd month to the prepartum of gestation. The PI reached a minimum of 9.4 ± 2.2 in fetal chorionic villi (FCV) and 1.3 ± 0.8 in maternal caruncular crypts (MCC) of the three months group. Both Bcl-2 and Bax had maximum immunoreactivity in the fetal villous trophoblast layer of placentas collected form postpartum yaks (with PIs of 36.6 ± 5.7 and 38.2 ± 4.8, respectively). Protein and mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and Bax investigated via Western blot and real

  8. THE EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 AND BAX PROTEINS IN GASTRIC CARCINOMA AND PRECANCEROUS LESIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the variance of expression of bcl-2 and bax genes in the genesis of gastric carcinoma as well as their relationship. Methods Thirty-five cases of early-stage gastric carcinoma and Twenty-four cases of chronic atrophic gastritis were studied by immunohistochemical method. Results There were no statistical differences of bcl-2 expression levels between gastric carcinoma and atypical hyperplasia or paracancerous intestinalepithelial metaplasia(IEM)(P>0. 05). There were statistical differences of bcl-2 expression between normal epithelial tissues (or non-cancerous IEM) and the other three groups (P<0.05),but no statistical difference between the normal epithelial and the non-cancerous IEM group was observed (P>0. 05). The expressions of bax protein were found in the normal epithelial and the other groups in varying degrees,but there were no statistical differences between either two of the groups (P>0.05). The bcl-2/bax ratio was higher in early-stage gastric carcinoma,atypical hyperplasia and paracancerous intestinai-metaplasia than in the non-cancerous intestinal-metaplasia (P<0. 05) and normal epithelial tissues(P<0. 01). Conclusion The abnormal expression of bcl-2 protein and bax protein ,especially the increased bcl-2/bax ratio, probably play an important role in the course of carcinogenesis of gastric carcinoma.

  9. Expression of the Bcl-2 apoptotic marker in cats diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease and gastrointestinal lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Christine M; Smedley, Rebecca C; Saavedra, Paulo Vilar; Kiupel, Matti; Kitchell, Barbara E

    2012-10-01

    Immunolabeling for the critical lymphocyte survival factor, Bcl-2, of intestinal biopsies from cats with histologic evidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or gastrointestinal (GI) lymphoma was evaluated to determine if expression differed significantly between these two disease processes. Immunolabeling for Bcl-2 was performed on small intestinal endoscopic or full thickness biopsy sections from 55 cats. Diagnosis of IBD, T-cell lymphoma or B-cell lymphoma was established previously. The percentage of infiltrating lymphocytes that were positively labeled for Bcl-2 was subjectively determined for each case. Eight cats were diagnosed with IBD and 47 cats with lymphoma. A significantly higher percentage of cells were positively immunolabeled for Bcl-2 in cats with GI lymphoma [median (range); 90 (5-95)%] compared with cats with IBD [60 (15-95)%] (P = 0.029). However, the overall degree of positive immunolabeling in both groups tended to be high. This over-expression of Bcl-2 may prove useful as a therapeutic target for IBD and GI lymphoma in cats.

  10. Impact of BCL2 and p53 on postmastectomy radiotherapy response in high-risk breast cancer. A subgroup analysis of DBCG82 b

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyndi, M.; Sorensen, F.B.; Alsner, J.;

    2008-01-01

    Purpose. To examine p53 and BCL2 expression in high-risk breast cancer patients randomized to postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). Patients and methods. The present analysis included 1000 of 3 083 high-risk breast cancer patients randomly assigned to PMRT in the DBCG82 b&c studies. Tissue microarray...... and randomization status. Significant reductions in LRR probability after PMRT were recorded within both the BCL2 positive and BCL2 negative subgroups. Conclusion. p53 was not associated with survival after radiotherapy in high-risk breast cancer, but BCL2 might be Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  11. Impact of BCL2 and p53 on postmastectomy radiotherapy response in high-risk breast cancer. A subgroup analysis of DBCG82 b&c

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyndi, M; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Knudsen, H;

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine p53 and BCL2 expression in high-risk breast cancer patients randomized to postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present analysis included 1 000 of 3 083 high-risk breast cancer patients randomly assigned to PMRT in the DBCG82 b&c studies. Tissue...... and randomization status. Significant reductions in LRR probability after PMRT were recorded within both the BCL2 positive and BCL2 negative subgroups. CONCLUSION: p53 was not associated with survival after radiotherapy in high-risk breast cancer, but BCL2 might be....

  12. Expression of COX-2 and bcl-2 in oral lichen planus lesions and lichenoid reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arreaza, Alven J; Rivera, Helen; Correnti, María

    2014-01-01

    Oral lichen planus and lichenoid reactions are autoimmune type inflammatory conditions of the oral mucosa with similar clinical and histological characteristics. Recent data suggest that oral lichenoid reactions (OLR) present a greater percentage of malignant transformation than oral lichen planus (OLP). Objective To compare the expression of bcl-2 and COX-2 in OLP and OLR. Methods The study population consisted of 65 cases; 34 cases diagnosed as OLR and 31 as OLP. A retrospective study was done, and bcl-2 and COX-2 expression was semiquantitatively analysed. Results Fifty-three per cent (18/34) of the ORL samples tested positive for COX-2, whereas in the OLP group, 81% of the samples (25/31) immunostained positive for COX-2. The Fisher’s exact test for the expression of COX-2 revealed that there are significant differences between the two groups, P = 0.035. With respect to the expression of the bcl-2 protein, 76% (26/34) of the samples were positive in OLR, while 97% (30/31) were positive in the group with OLP. The Fisher’s exact test for the expression of bcl-2 revealed that there are significant statistical differences between the two groups, P = 0.028. Conclusions The expression of bcl-2 and COX-2 was more commonly expressed in OLP when compared with OLR. PMID:24834112

  13. Prognostic significance of bcl-2 and p53 expression in colorectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Dan-ping; DING Xiao-wen; PENG Jia-ping; ZHENG Yi-xiong; ZHANG Su-zhan

    2005-01-01

    Objective: This study was designed to detect the expression ofbcl-2 and p53 proteins in colorectal carcinomas and to determine their association with the patient survival and stage of the diseases. Methods: Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the expression ofbcl-2 and p53 proteins in 93 cases of colorectal carcinoma. The stain results were obtained by analyzing the clinic-pathological characteristics of patients. Results: Fifty-seven percent (53/93) of the colorectal carcinomas were bcl-2 protein positive. The positive rate of bcl-2 protein in lymph node involvement cases was lower (15/37) than the cases without node involvement (38/58, P<0.01). The positive rate of p53 protein was 43% (40/93) in colon-rectum carcinomas. No significant correlation was observed between p53 protein expression and clinic-pathological manifestations (P>0.05) but the survival was significantly worse (P=0.0001) in the p53 protein positive cases. Neither bcl-2 nor p53 alone was correlated with stage of the disease. When combined bcl-2/p53 status was analyzed, a group with bcl-2(+) and p53(-) had the best prognosis. This group was significantly associated with earlier Dukes' stages (P=0.1763). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, lymph node involvement and p53 protein expression were two independent factors correlated with survival time. Conclusion: The expression of bcl-2 and p53 represent biological characteristics of colorectal carcinomas. Assessment of both bcl-2 and p53 status may be valuable in predicting the prognosis of patients.

  14. Relationship between reduced BCL-2 expression in circulating mononuclear cells and early nephropathy in type 1 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipollone, F; Chiarelli, F; Iezzi, A; Fazia, M L; Cuccurullo, C; Pini, B; De Cesare, D; Torello, M; Tumini, S; Cuccurullo, F; Mezzetti, A

    2005-01-01

    Microalbuminuria is the earliest clinical evidence of diabetic nephropathy, but the mechanisms linking hyperglycemia and kidney complications are not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether enhanced oxidative stress in patients with microalbuminuria can contribute to diabetic nephropathy development through downregulation of the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 that promotes in turn a pro-inflammatory status. We studied 30 patients with type 1 diabetes (15 with and 15 without microalbuminuria) compared to 15 matched healthy controls. Plasma oxidant status, and expression of Bcl-2, activated NF-kB, inducible Nitric Oxide synthase (iNOS), and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in circulating monocytes were evaluated at baseline and after 8-week oral vitamin E treatment (600 mg b.i.d.). Bcl-2 expression was significantly reduced in microalbuminuric diabetic patients as a consequence of increased oxidant burden secondary to persistent hyperglycemia. Bcl-2 down-regulation was associated with enhanced expression of NF-kB, iNOS and MCP-1, and showed a strong correlation with the albumin excretion rate. Low Bcl-2 expression and high inflammatory status were normalized by vitamin E both in vivo and in vitro. Our study showed that Bcl-2 down-regulation in diabetic patients with poor glycemic control results in the activation of the NF-kB pathway leading to the development of nephropathy. Vitamin E might provide a novel form of therapy for prevention of nephropathy in diabetic patients in which an acceptable glycemic control is difficult to achieve despite insulin therapy.

  15. Immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-2 in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Juneja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The B cell lymphoma-2 gene is a proto-oncogene whose protein product inhibits apoptosis. Its role is associated with keeping cells alive, but not by stimulating them to proliferation, as other proto-oncogenes do. Increased expression of protein product of Bcl-2 gene appears in the early phase of carcinogenesis leading to apoptosis impairment and in consequence to the progression of neoplastic changes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the expression of Bcl-2 protein in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty cases of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded archival specimens comprising of 30 cases of leukoplakia with oral epithelial dysplasia and 30 cases of OSCC were taken for immunohistochemical analysis using monoclonal antibody against anti-human Bcl-2 oncoprotein. RESULTS: Immunostaining for Bcl-2 protein was identified in basal and parabasal layers as granular cytoplasmic staining in oral epithelial dysplasia. In OSCC, Bcl-2 immunoreactivity was most prominent in the peripheral cells of the infiltrating tumor islands which diminished toward the center in well-differentiated and moderately differentiated OSCC, whereas stronger and more diffuse expression of Bcl-2 oncoprotein was seen in poorly differentiated OSCC. Overall positivity of 26.7% (8/30 was observed in oral epithelial dysplasia and 30% (9/30 in OSCC in this study. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION: Altered expression of Bcl-2 oncoprotein may be an early molecular event which leads to prolonged cell survival, increased chances of accumulation of genetic alterations, and subsequent increase in malignant transformation potential.

  16. CLONING AND DETERMINING OF BAC GENE AND Bcl-2 AND CDK4 EXPRESSION ON ASCITES HEPATOMA CELL LINE Hca-F25/25CL-16A3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUO Yun-fei; ZHANG Yao-zheng; ZHANG Hong; REN Zhuang-yi

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To study the mechanism of cancer, the DNA for BAC was cloned from an ascites hepatoma cell line Hca-F25/CL-16A3 using PCR. Methods: The nucleotide sequences were determined using ABI PRISMTM 377 DNA sequencer. The expression of bcl-2 and CDK4gene were determined using immunohistochemistry.Results: The sequences of BAC segment on HcaF25/CL-16A3 have nearly identical sequences with human BAC. The bcl-2 and CDK4 are highly expression on this cell line. Conclusion: The highly expression of bcl-2 and CDK4 may the one of mechanisms for tumor growth.

  17. Effect of basic fibroblast growth factor and danshen on bcl-2 and p53 mRNA expression in the brain of rats exposed to repeated,high,positive acceleration(+Gz)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongjin Liu; Qing Cai

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Both animal experiments and clinical studies have shown that basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF)and danshen(Salvia miltiorrhiza)can exhibit protective effects on ischemia-reperfusion cerebral injury.OBJECTIVE:To test whether bFGF and danshen can protect cerebral injury induced by exposure to repeated,high,positive acceleration(+Gz)in an animal model and to analyze the possible mechanisms.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:Randomized controlled animal study.The experiment was performed at the Research Center for Molecular Biology,Air-force General Hospital of Chinese PLA from April to August 2000.MATERIALS:A total of 20 clean grade,healthy,Sprague Dawley rats of both genders,weighing(200±15)g,were provided by our experimental animal center.Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups:the control group,+Gz exposure group,bFGF group,danshen group,and saline group,with 4 animals per group.bFGF(Beijing Bailuyuan Biotechnology Co.Ltd.)and danshen solution(Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co.Ltd.)were used.METHODS:All rats were fixed on a rotary arm of a centrifugal apparams(2 m in radius)with their heads oriented towards the center of the apparatus.Except for rats in the control group.the value of+Gz exposure was+14 Gz with an acceleration rate of 1.5 G/s.The peak force lasted for 45 seconds.+Gz exposure was performed three times with intervals of 30 minutes.Rats in the control group received the same+Gz procedure,but the G value was+1 Gz.Rats in bFGF group and danshen group were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μg/kg bFGF or 15 g/kg danshen solution,respectively,at 30 minutes prior to centrifugation and immediately after tentrifugation.Rats in saline group were injected with the same volume of saline.Six hours after exposure,rats were decapitated.One hemisphere was preserved in liquid nitrogen for RNA extraction and the other was processed for apoptosis detection.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:mRNA levels of bcl-2 and p53 were measured by semi-quantitative reverse

  18. Increase of bcl-2 Protein Expression in Aggressive Basal Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia CAZAL

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the bcl-2 protein expression in 22 cutaneous basal cell carcinomas (BCC of the head and neck, and to compare it with its aggressive behavior. Method: Tumors were histologically classified in non-aggressive (BCC 1 and aggressive (BCC 2 and then submitted to the immunohistochemistry technique with the streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method using the anti-bcl-2 antibody. Results: After proceeding to morphological analysis, sixteen tumors (72.7% were considered aggressive and six (27.3% non-aggressive. Immunohistochemistry analysis showed that thirteen (59.1% lesions were positive staining and nine (40.9% were negative to the bcl-2 protein. Considering the positive lesions, 12 (92.3% were aggressive and one (7.7% non-aggressive. The relation between bcl-2 protein staining and the tumor aggressiveness was statistically significant (p<0.05 - Fisher's exact Test. Conclusion: The results suggest a relationship between the bcl-2 protein expression and the histological aggressiveness grade in the BCC of the head and neck group studied may exist.

  19. Effects of Geldanamycin on Expression of Bcl-2 in Human Cervical Cancer HeLa Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Du; Ruoran Mi; Quanxin Qu; Ye Qu; Tianfu Yue

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Geldanamycin, a natural product of Streptomyces geldanus, binds the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), a cell chaperone protein that interacts with Bcl-2. In this study, we investigated whether geldanamycin (GA) inhibits proliferation of HeLa cells through induction of apoptosis by decreasing the level of Bcl-2expression.METHODS HeLa cells, a human cervical cell line, were cultured in vitro and treated with different concentrations of GA (0, 0.02, 0.2,2, 10 μmol/L) for 24 h. Or were treated for different lengths of time at a GA concentration of 10 μmol/L. Proliferation of the cells was analyzed by an MTT assay, and cell apoptosis was determined by staining the cells with annexin V. In addition, cellular mRNA levels for Bcl-2 and Hsp90 were determined by the semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the levels of Bcl-2 and Hsp90 protein expression were determined by Western blots.RESULTS Treatment of cells with GA was found to inhibit HeLa cell proliferation in a concentration and time-dependent manner. The inhibition was a result of increased cellular apoptotic levels. Further analyses showed that while the mRNA and protein expression levels of Hsp90 were-not affected, GA treatment significantly reduced the level of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression in a concentration-dependent manner that correlated with the observed inhibition of cell proliferation.CONCLUSION GA can inhibit proliferation and increase apoptosis of HeLa cells by decreasing the transcription and expression of an anti-apoptotic gene bcl-2, probably through interaction and functional inhibition of Hsp90.

  20. miR-204 targets Bcl-2 expression and enhances responsiveness of gastric cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacconi, A; Biagioni, F; Canu, V; Mori, F; Di Benedetto, A; Lorenzon, L; Ercolani, C; Di Agostino, S; Cambria, A M; Germoni, S; Grasso, G; Blandino, R; Panebianco, V; Ziparo, V; Federici, O; Muti, P; Strano, S; Carboni, F; Mottolese, M; Diodoro, M; Pescarmona, E; Garofalo, A; Blandino, G

    2012-01-01

    Micro RNAs (miRs) are small non-coding RNAs aberrantly expressed in human tumors. Here, we aim to identify miRs whose deregulated expression leads to the activation of oncogenic pathways in human gastric cancers (GCs). Thirty nine out of 123 tumoral and matched uninvolved peritumoral gastric specimens from three independent European subsets of patients were analyzed for the expression of 851 human miRs using Agilent Platform. The remaining 84 samples were used to validate miRs differentially expressed between tumoral and matched peritumoral specimens by qPCR. miR-204 falls into a group of eight miRs differentially expressed between tumoral and peritumoral samples. Downregulation of miR-204 has prognostic value and correlates with increased staining of Bcl-2 protein in tumoral specimens. Ectopic expression of miR-204 inhibited colony forming ability, migration and tumor engraftment of GC cells. miR-204 targeted Bcl-2 messenger RNA and increased responsiveness of GC cells to 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin treatment. Ectopic expression of Bcl-2 protein counteracted miR-204 pro-apoptotic activity in response to 5-fluorouracil. Altogether, these findings suggest that modulation of aberrant expression of miR-204, which in turn releases oncogenic Bcl-2 protein activity might hold promise for preventive and therapeutic strategies of GC. PMID:23152059

  1. Relationship between expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins and apoptosis in radiation compound wound healing of rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔玉芳; 夏国伟; 付小兵; 杨红; 彭瑞云; 张莹; 谷庆阳; 高亚兵; 崔雪梅; 胡文华

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To study the relationship between the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 proteins, and apoptosis in radiation compound wound healing of rats.Methods: Apoptosis, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were estimated by in situ terminal labeling (TUNEL) and immunohistochemical methods. Results: (1) Changes of the apoptosis in wound healing showed three typical characteristics: early occurrence, high frequency and delayed disappearance after radiation to rats when compared with those of simple wound group, which might be an important reason for radiation-induced delayed wound healing. (2) The expression of Bax protein increased evidently with the increment of apoptosis and showed a good corresponding relationship with the apoptotic frequency in the process of wound healing. While the expression of Bcl-2 protein decreased obviously as the apoptosis reached a maximum and showed increasing tendency up to normal level when the apoptosis decreased distinctively. Conclusions: Bax and Bcl-2 proteins play an important role in the apoptotic regulation of radiation compound wound healing in rats.

  2. CO-EXPRESSIONS OF SURVIVIN GENE,BCL-2 AND BAX PROTEINS IN OVARIAN CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林蓓; 张淑兰; 赵长清

    2004-01-01

    Objective To characterize the cellular properties of ovarian cancer, we examined the correlation between the expression of apoptosis-related gene survivin and those of Bcl-2 and Bar proteins. Methods Expressions of survivin mRNA, and Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in 35 cases of ovarian carcinoma, 10 cases of borderline carcinoma, 10 cases of benign tumors and 10 cases of normal tissue were evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry SABC method, respectively. Results Expression of survivin gene was detected in a significantly greater proportion in ovarian carcinoma and borderline carcinoma than those in benign tumors and normal tissues. Although there was no relationship between expression of survivin gene and FIGO stage, histologic grade, pathological type and lymphatic metastasis, expressions of Bcl-2 and Bar proteins were positively and negatively correlated with that of survivin gene, respectively. Conclusion Survivin may play an important role in pathogenesis of ovarian carcinoma, with a synergistic role of apoptosis-related gene Bcl-2protein and an antagonistic role of Bax protein in formation and progression of ovarian carcinoma.

  3. Differential expression of Bcl-2 and Bax during gastric ischemia-reperfusion of rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Li Qiao; Guang-Ming Wang; Yue Shi; Jin-Xia Wu; You-Jian Qi; Jian-Fu Zhang; Hong Sun; Chang-Dong Yan

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in gastric ischemia-reperfusion (GI-R) and involvement of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activation.METHODS: The GI-R model was established by ligature of the celiac artery for 30 min and reperfusion in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were assigned to groups in accordancewith their evaluation period: control, 0, 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 24,48, and 72 h. Expression and distribution of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting in gastric tissue samples after sacrifice.RESULTS: Compared with controls, the percentage of positive cells and protein levels of Bcl-2 decreased in the early phases of reperfusion, reached its minimumat 1 h (P < 0.05); it then increased, reaching its peak at 24 h of reperfusion (P < 0.05). The pattern of Bax expression was opposite to that of Bcl-2. Bax expressionincreased after reperfusion, with its peak at 1 h of reperfusion (P < 0.05), and then it decreased gradually to a minimum at 24 h after reperfusion (P < 0.05).On the other hand, inhibition of activation of ERK1/2 induced by PD98059, a specific upstream MEK inhibitor,had significant effects on Bcl-2 and Bax in GI-R.Compared with GI-R treatment only at 3 h of reperfusion,PD98059 reduced the number of Bcl-2 positive cells (0.58% of R3h group, P < 0.05) and Bcl-2 proteinlevel (74% of R3h group, P < 0.05) but increased the number of Bax-positive cells (1.33-fold vs R3h group, P< 0.05) and Bax protein level (1.35-fold of R3h group,P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: These results indicated that the Bcl-2 and Bax played a pivotal role in the gastric mucosal I-R injury and repair by activation of ERK1/2.

  4. 细胞凋亡相关基因Bcl-2及Bax在骨肉瘤中的表达与自下而上质量的关系%Expression of apoptosis related gene Bcl 2 and Bax in osteosarcoma and their relationship with the prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄鲁豫; 刘建; 王臻; 吕荣

    2002-01-01

    Objective Apoptosis related gene Bcl 2 and Bax in osteosarcoma patients with different clinical appearance were being studied to analyze the prognosis of the patients. Method The cases were divided into two different groups according to the results of the follow up.33 cases in high risk group and 18 cases in low risk group. Expression of Bcl 2 and Bax were immunohistochemically stained by ABC method. Result Positive expression rate of Bcl 2 was 61% in high risk group (20/23) and 33% in low risk group (1/8). Positive expression of Bax was 22% in high risk group (6/27) and 67% in low risk group(12/18).Conclusion Expression of Bcl 2 and Bax was related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma. Positively expressed Bcl 2 in osteosarcoma cells may indicate bad prognosis. If Bax is highly expressed in osteosarcoma cells, this may indicated a good prognosis.

  5. Expression of caspase-3, p53 and Bcl-2 in generalized aggressive periodontitis

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    Özdemir B Handan

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Apoptosis, or programmed cell death is a form of physiological cell death. It is increased or decreased in the presence of infection, inflammation or tissue remodelling. Previous studies suggest that apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical features and known indicators of apoptosis (p53, Bcl-2, Caspase-3 in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP Methods Eight patients with GAP, who had sites with probing depths (PD > 5 mm, and 10 periodontally-healthy persons were included in the study. Clinical examinations and PD were performed, and the plaque index and gingival index were recorded. Gingival tissues biopsies were obtained from active site of each patient and from healthy individuals. The expression of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and p53 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry Results There were no significant differences between GAP and control group with respect to levels of caspase-3 and p53 expression (P > 0.05. Contrary, the frequency of grade 3 expression of Bcl-2 was higher in GAP group than the control group. Conclusion The higher frequency of Bcl-2 expression in GAP group indicates and delayed apoptosis can lead to increasing resident inflammatory cells in periodontal tissues and resulting in progressive periodontal destruction.

  6. Cannabinoids Regulate Bcl-2 and Cyclin D2 Expression in Pancreatic β Cells.

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    Jihye Kim

    Full Text Available Recent reports have shown that cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1Rs are expressed in pancreatic β cells, where they induce cell death and cell cycle arrest by directly inhibiting insulin receptor activation. Here, we report that CB1Rs regulate the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and cell cycle regulator cyclin D2 in pancreatic β cells. Treatment of MIN6 and βTC6 cells with a synthetic CB1R agonist, WIN55,212-2, led to a decrease in the expression of Bcl-2 and cyclin D2, in turn inducing cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase and caspase-3-dependent apoptosis. Additionally, genetic deletion and pharmacological blockade of CB1Rs after injury in mice led to increased levels of Bcl-2 and cyclin D2 in pancreatic β cells. These findings provide evidence for the involvement of Bcl-2 and cyclin D2 mediated by CB1Rs in the regulation of β-cell survival and growth, and will serve as a basis for developing new therapeutic interventions to enhance β-cell function and growth in diabetes.

  7. Human embryonic stem cells express elevated levels of multiple pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family members.

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    David T Madden

    Full Text Available Two of the greatest challenges in regenerative medicine today remain (1 the ability to culture human embryonic stem cells (hESCs at a scale sufficient to satisfy clinical demand and (2 the ability to eliminate teratoma-forming cells from preparations of cells with clinically desirable phenotypes. Understanding the pathways governing apoptosis in hESCs may provide a means to address these issues. Limiting apoptosis could aid scaling efforts, whereas triggering selective apoptosis in hESCs could eliminate unwanted teratoma-forming cells. We focus here on the BCL-2 family of proteins, which regulate mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis. We used quantitative PCR to compare the steady-state expression profile of all human BCL-2 family members in hESCs with that of human primary cells from various origins and two cancer lines. Our findings indicate that hESCs express elevated levels of the pro-apoptotic BH3-only BCL-2 family members NOXA, BIK, BIM, BMF and PUMA when compared with differentiated cells and cancer cells. However, compensatory expression of pro-survival BCL-2 family members in hESCs was not observed, suggesting a possible explanation for the elevated rates of apoptosis observed in proliferating hESC cultures, as well as a mechanism that could be exploited to limit hESC-derived neoplasms.

  8. [Influence of TIEG1 on apoptosis of HL-60 cells and expression of Bcl-2/Bax].

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    Yao, Kun; Yang, Ying; Hu, Rong; Miao, Miao; Liao, Ai-Jun; Yang, Wei; Liu, Zhuo-Gang

    2013-06-01

    This study was aimed to investigate the influence of TIEG1 on apoptosis of HL-60 cells and the expression of Bcl-2/Bax. Different concentration of TIEG1 were used to treat HL-60 cells, the cell growth inhibition rate was detected by MTT method. After treating HL-60 cells with 12.03 ng/ml TIEG1, cell apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry. Bcl-2 and Bax was detected with RT-PCR. The results showed that TIEG1 had inhibitory effect on HL-60 cell proliferation, and in time-and dose-dependent manners. The more obvious inhibitory effect was observed in HL-60 cells treated with TIEG1 of 12.03 ng/ml. During the course of cell apoptosis, Bax expression increased, but Bcl-2 expression decreased (P HL-60 cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in time and dose-dependent manners. During the course of HL-60 cells apoptosis induced by TIEG1, Bcl-2/Bax are associated with HL-60 cell apoptosis induced by TIEG1.

  9. Expression of Ki-67, Bcl-2 and Bax in the First Trimester Abortion Materials

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    Ender DÜZCAN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate possible similar or different mechanisms in recurrent and spontaneous abortion by evaluating immunohistochemical correlation between proliferation marker Ki-67, and apoptosis markers Bcl-2 and Bax in the fetal trophoblasts and maternal deciduas from abortion material.Material and Method: Eighty samples of curettage materials from 65 abortion patients histopathologically diagnosed “decidua showing Arias-Stella reaction and chorionic villi” or only “decidua showing Arias-Stella reaction” were included in the study. Hematoxylin&Eosin stained sections from all cases were re-evaluated and further stained immunohistochemically using antibodies against Ki-67, Bcl-2 and Bax.Results: Proliferation rate evaluated by Ki-67 expression both in the cytotrophoblastic cells and decidua was found to be significantly lower in spontaneous and recurrent abortions compared to evacuation abortion. The extent of Bcl-2 expression in syncytiotrophoblastic cells covering villous stroma was also decreased in spontaneous abortion. There were no significant differences between spontaneous and recurrent abortions in terms of Bcl-2 expression in syncytiotrophoblasts and Ki-67 proliferation index in cytotrophoblastic cells or decidua. Bax staining showed minimal decidual expression in a few spontaneous and recurrent abortions.Conclusion: We concluded that proliferation rate was decreased in fetal villous cytotrophoblasts and maternal deciduas in spontaneous and recurrent abortions. We also proposed that loss of Bcl-2 expression in syncytiotrophoblasts may cause abortion in a subset of cases. However, the data from spontaneous and recurrent abortions did not not support the presence of different mechanisms in both groups.

  10. Effects of cadmium on Bcl-2/ Bax expression ratio in rat cortex brain and hippocampus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahdavi, S; Khodarahmi, P; Roodbari, N H

    2017-01-01

    To investigate the underlying mechanism of neurotoxicity of cadmium, we examined the effects of intraperitoneal injection of cadmium on messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) and Bax (Bcl2-associated x) genes and caspase-3/7 activation in rat hippocampus and frontal cortex. Twenty-eight male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into four groups. Control group received saline and three other groups received cadmium at doses of 1, 2 and 4 mg/kg (body weight) for 15 successive days. One day after the last injection, the hippocampus and frontal cortex were dissected and removed and then the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax genes was evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and apoptotic studies was done using caspase-3/7 activation assay. Cadmium reduced the mRNA level of Bcl-2 in the control group at doses of 1 ( p Bax increased significantly compared to the control group at the doses of 1 ( p Bax was increased significantly compared to the control group at the doses of 2 and 4 mg/kg ( p Bax mRNA ratio induces cell apoptosis. Apoptotic effect of cadmium may be through the mitochondrial pathway by the activation of caspase-3/7.

  11. High-throughput screen for the chemical inhibitors of antiapoptotic bcl-2 family proteins by multiplex flow cytometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curpan, Ramona F; Simons, Peter C; Zhai, Dayong; Young, Susan M; Carter, Mark B; Bologa, Cristian G; Oprea, Tudor I; Satterthwait, Arnold C; Reed, John C; Edwards, Bruce S; Sklar, Larry A

    2011-10-01

    The human Bcl-2 family includes six antiapoptotic members (Bcl-2, Bcl-B, Bcl-W, Bcl-X(L), Bfl-1, and Mcl-1) and many proapoptotic members, wherein a balance between the two determines cell life or death in many physiological and disease contexts. Elevated expression of various antiapoptotic Bcl-2 members is commonly observed in cancers, and chemical inhibitors of these proteins have been shown to promote apoptosis of malignant cells in culture, in animal models, and in human clinical trials. All six antiapoptotic members bind a helix from the proapoptotic family member Bim, thus quenching Bim's apoptotic signal. Here, we describe the use of a multiplex, high-throughput flow cytometry assay for the discovery of small molecule modulators that disrupt the interaction between the antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family and Bim. The six antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members were expressed as glutathione-S-transferase fusion proteins and bound individually to six glutathione bead sets, with each set having a different intensity of red fluorescence. A fluorescein-conjugated Bcl-2 homology region 3 (BH3) peptide from Bim was employed as a universal ligand. Flow cytometry measured the amount of green peptide bound to each bead set in a given well, with inhibitory compounds resulting in a decrease of green fluorescence on one or more bead set(s). Hits and cheminformatically selected analogs were retested in a dose-response series, resulting in three "active" compounds for Bcl-B. These three compounds were validated by fluorescence polarization and isothermal titration calorimetry. We discuss some of the lessons learned about screening a chemical library provided by the National Institutes of Health Small Molecule Repository (∼195,000 compounds) using high-throughput flow cytometry.

  12. Low expression of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins sets the apoptotic threshold in Waldenström macroglobulinemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudette, B T; Dwivedi, B; Chitta, K S; Poulain, S; Powell, D; Vertino, P; Leleu, X; Lonial, S; Chanan-Khan, A A; Kowalski, J; Boise, L H

    2016-01-28

    Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a proliferative disorder of IgM-secreting, lymphoplasmacytoid cells that inhabit the lymph nodes and bone marrow. The disease carries a high prevalence of activating mutations in MyD88 (91%) and CXCR4 (28%). Because signaling through these pathways leads to Bcl-xL induction, we examined Bcl-2 family expression in WM patients and cell lines. Unlike other B-lymphocyte-derived malignancies, which become dependent on expression of anti-apoptotic proteins to counter expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, WM samples expressed both pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins at low levels similar to their normal B-cell and plasma cell counterparts. Three WM cell lines expressed pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bim or Bax and Bak at low levels, which determined their sensitivity to inducers of intrinsic apoptosis. In two cell lines, miR-155 upregulation, which is common in WM, was responsible for the inhibition of FOXO3a and Bim expression. Both antagonizing miR-155 to induce Bim and proteasome inhibition increased the sensitivity to ABT-737 in these lines indicating a lowering of the apoptotic threshold. In this manner, treatments that increase pro-apoptotic protein expression increase the efficacy of agents treated in combination in addition to direct killing.

  13. Expression of Ki67, BCL-2, and COX-2 in canine cutaneous mast cell tumors: association with grading and prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vascellari, M; Giantin, M; Capello, K; Carminato, A; Morello, E M; Vercelli, A; Granato, A; Buracco, P; Dacasto, M; Mutinelli, F

    2013-01-01

    The expression of Ki67, BCL-2, and COX-2 was investigated in 53 canine cutaneous mast cell tumors (MCTs) by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to evaluate their prognostic significance and the association with the histologic grading and the mitotic index (MI). MCTs were graded according to the Patnaik grading system and the novel 2-tier grading system proposed by Kiupel. The numbers of mitotic figures/10 high-power fields (MI) were counted. Both grading systems were significantly associated with prognosis. The Patnaik grading was of limited prognostic value for grade 2 MCTs, with 23% being associated with mortality. The concordance among pathologists was strongly improved by the application of the 2-tier grading system, and 71% of high-grade MCTs were associated with a high mortality rate. MI and Ki67 protein expression were significantly associated with grading and survival. No significant association between BCL-2 protein expression and either grading system or health status was observed. BCL-2 mRNA expression was significantly higher in grade 2 than in grade 1 MCTs, while no statistically significant differences were detected between low- and high-grade MCTs. The increased BCL-2 mRNA level was significantly associated with increased mortality rate. The COX-2 protein expression was detected in 78% of the MCTs investigated. However, neither association with the tumor grade nor with the health status was observed. COX-2 mRNA was significantly up-regulated in MCTs compared to surgical margins and control skin tissue, but it was neither associated with tumor grade nor with survival.

  14. Correlation of Baseline BCL-2 mRNA Expression and Clinical Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

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    Prihantono Prihantono

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Impairment of apoptosis is a hallmark of cancer. Tumor resistance to apoptosis usually caused by deregulation of the expression of BCL-2 family protein or mutation of the tumor suppressor gene p53. Over expression of Bcl-2 is commonly found in various types of cancer including breast cancer. Studies mentioned that analysis of Bcl-2 might predict response to selected endocrine and chemotherapies. This study is conducted to evaluate the correlation of BCL-2 mRNA expression and clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. Longitudinal study is used in this research, 30 subjects of breast cancer tissue samples prechemotherapy using cyclophosphamide-adriamycin-5FU regiment. Detection of mRNA expression of BCL-2 using qRT-PCR techniques. Evaluation of clinical response to chemotherapy is using RECIST criteria. Mean value of BCL-2 mRNA expression in breast cancer patients was 9.917± 2.568. Mean value of BCL-2 mRNA expression of responsive group was 9.887± 2.731. Mean value of BCL-2 mRNA expression of nonresponsive group was 10.017±2.122. Mean value of responsive group were lower than nonresponsive group, but there was no significant correlation between baseline mRNA expression of BCL-2 with clinical response to chemotherapy, value of r=0.378, p=0.223 (p>0.05. this study shows that there was no significant correlation between baseline expression of mRNA BCL-2 with clinical response to chemotherapy.

  15. Expression of APE1, Bcl-2 and Bax in retinoblastoma and their clinical significance%APE1、Bcl-2及 Bax在视网膜母细胞瘤中的表达及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 李德全

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析APE1、Bcl-2及Bax在视网膜母细胞瘤( Rb)中的表达及临床意义。方法选取2011年9月至2013年11月经病理学检查确诊为Rb患者32例及正常视网膜组织16例作为研究对象,免疫组织化学及Western blot分析APE1、Bcl-2及Bax在Rb中及正常视网膜中的表达,比较其在分化及未分化型Rb中的表达。结果 APE1、Bax及Bcl-2在Rb中呈现出高表达,阳性率分别为90.63%、65.63%及68.75%,与正常组比差异均具有统计学意义(χ2=30.13,χ2=12.31,χ2=16.91, P <0.01),与Western blot结果一致;分化组与未分化组中APE1、Bax存在差异显著(χ2=4.99,χ2=7.85, P <0.05),Bcl-2无统计学差异(χ2=0.73, P >0.01)。结论 Rb的发生发展涉及多个基因及生物学过程,分析APE1、bcl-2及bax在Rb中的表达,对Rb的诊断与治疗有重要的参考价值。%Objective To analyze the expression of APE1, Bcl-2 and Bax in retinoblastoma (Rb) and to evaluate their clinical significance.Methods A total of 32 retinoblastoma patients were enrolled for this study from September 2011 to November 2013.Sixteen normal retinal tissues were collected as control.Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to evaluate the expression of APE1, Bcl-2 and Bax in retinoblastoma tumor tissues and normal retina.Their expres-sions in differentiated and undifferentiated Rb were also compared.Results APE1, Bax and Bcl-2 were highly expressed in retinoblastoma with positive rates being 90.63%, 65.63% and 68.75%, respectively, and were significantly higher than in normal retina tissues (χ2 =30.13 for APE1,χ2 =12.31 for Bax, andχ2 =16.91 for Bcl-2;P 0.01).Conclusion The development of Rb involves multiple genes and biological processes.Analysis of the expression of APE1, Bcl-2 and Bax in Rb has important clinical value for the diagnosis and treat-ment of Rb.

  16. Influence of neurotrophin-3 on Bcl-2 and Bax expressions in spinal cord injury of rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Shu-zhang; JIANG Tao; REN Xian-jun

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To study the protective mechanisms of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) on the spinal cord injury.Methods:Totally 105 SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group,experimental group and sham operation group.Rats from the former 2 groups were inflicted to animal model of acute spinal cord injury according to Allen's (WD) by situating a thin plastic tube in the subarachnoid space below the injury level for perfusion.Rats in experimental group received 20μl NT-3 (200 ng) from the tube at 0,4,8,12,24 h and 3,7 d after injury,and those in control group got an equal volume of normal saline at the same time.The animals in sham operation group only received opening vertebral plate and tube was put in subarachnoid space.The rats were sacrificed at 4,8,12,24 h and 3,7,14 d post injury (n=5).The expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in spinal cord of rats were detected by immunohistochemistry assay.Results:The level of Bax protein in control group significantly increased as compared with those in sham operation group, and the peak reached at 8 h after spinal cord injury.The Bcl-2 proteins were always weakly positive.The Bax proteins in NT-3 group significantly decreased but the Bcl-2 proteins obviously increased as compared with those in control group.Conclusion:NT-3 can protect spinal cord from injury in vivo.One of the mechanisms is that NT-3 can inhibit abnormal expression of Bax protein,and increase the expression of Bcl-2 protein,then inhibit apoptosis after spinal cord injury.

  17. Expression of Bcl-2 Family Member Bid in Normal and Malignant Tissues

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    Maryla Krajewska

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Bid is the only known Bcl-2 family member that can function as an agonist of proapoptotic Bcl-2-related proteins such as Bax and Bak. Expression of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein Bid was assessed by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical methods in normal murine and human tissues, and in several types of human cancers and tumor cell lines. Bid expression in normal tissues varied widely, with prominent Bid immunostaining occurring in several types of short-lived cells (e.g., germinal center B cells, peripheral blood granulocytes, differentiated keratinocytes and in apoptosissensitive cells (e.g., adult neurons. Analysis of Bid expression by immunostaining of 100 colon, 95 ovarian, and 254 prostate cancers, as well as 59 brain tumors and 50 lymphomas, revealed evidence of altered Bid regulation in sometypes of cancers. Correlations with clinical outcome data revealed association of higher levels of Bid with longer recurrence-free survival in men with locally advanced (T3 stage prostate cancer (P=0.04. Immunoblot analysis of Bid protein levels in the NCI's panel of 60 human tumor cell lines revealed a correlation between higher levels of Bid and sensitivity to ribonucleotide reductase (RR-inhibiting drugs (P<0.0005. Overexpression of Bid in a model tumor cell line by gene transfection resulted in increased sensitivity to apoptosis induction by a RR inhibitor. Taken together, these observations suggest a potential role for Bid in tumor responses to specific chemotherapeutic drugs, and lay a foundation for future investigations of this member of the Bcl-2 family in healthy and diseased tissues.

  18. Quinacrine induces apoptosis in human leukemia K562 cells via p38 MAPK-elicited BCL2 down-regulation and suppression of ERK/c-Jun-mediated BCL2L1 expression

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    Changchien, Jung-Jung; Chen, Ying-Jung; Huang, Chia-Hui [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Tian-Lu [Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Lin, Shinne-Ren [Department of Medicinal and Applied Chemistry, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Chang, Long-Sen, E-mail: lschang@mail.nsysu.edu.tw [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Department of Biotechnology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)

    2015-04-01

    Although previous studies have revealed the anti-cancer activity of quinacrine, its effect on leukemia is not clearly resolved. We sought to explore the cytotoxic effect and mechanism of quinacrine action in human leukemia K562 cells. Quinacrine induced K562 cell apoptosis accompanied with ROS generation, mitochondrial depolarization, and down-regulation of BCL2L1 and BCL2. Upon exposure to quinacrine, ROS-mediated p38 MAPK activation and ERK inactivation were observed in K562 cells. Quinacrine-induced cell death and mitochondrial depolarization were suppressed by the p38MAPK inhibitor SB202190 and constitutively active MEK1 over-expression. Activation of p38 MAPK was shown to promote BCL2 degradation. Further, ERK inactivation suppressed c-Jun-mediated transcriptional expression of BCL2L1. Over-expression of BCL2L1 and BCL2 attenuated quinacrine-evoked mitochondrial depolarization and rescued the viability of quinacrine-treated cells. Taken together, our data indicate that quinacrine-induced K562 cell apoptosis is mediated through mitochondrial alterations triggered by p38 MAPK-mediated BCL2 down-regulation and suppression of ERK/c-Jun-mediated BCL2L1 expression. - Highlights: • Quinacrine induces K562 cell apoptosis via down-regulation of BCL2 and BCL2L1. • Quinacrine induces p38 MAPK activation and ERK inactivation in K562 cells. • Quinacrine elicits p38 MAPK-mediated BCL2 down-regulation. • Quinacrine suppresses ERK/c-Jun-mediated BCL2L1 expression.

  19. Expression of beclin 1 in primary salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma and its relation to Bcl-2 and p53 and prognosis

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    Jiang, L.C.; Huang, S.Y.; Zhang, D.S.; Zhang, S.H.; Li, W.G.; Zheng, P.H.; Chen, Z.W. [Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jinan, China, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan (China)

    2014-03-03

    Beclin 1 plays a critical role in autophagy and functions as a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor. The expression and prognostic significance of beclin 1 in head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) are largely unexplored. Therefore, we investigated the expression of beclin 1, Bcl-2, and p53 in head and neck ACC tissue. Tissue samples from 35 cases (15 females, 20 males) of head and neck ACC were utilized for immunohistochemistry. Beclin 1 expression was observed in 32 cases (91.4%) and considered to be high in 15 cases (42.9%) and low in 20 cases (57.1%). Beclin 1 expression was significantly correlated with a histological growth pattern (P=0.046) and histological grade (P=0.037). Beclin 1 expression was inversely correlated with Bcl-2 expression (P=0.013) and significantly associated with overall survival (P=0.006). Bcl-2 and p53 expression were observed in 21 cases (60.0%) and 16 cases (45.7%). Bcl-2 expression was significantly correlated with perineural invasion (P=0.041) and not associated with overall survival (P=0.053). p53 expression was directly correlated with beclin 1 expression (P=0.044). Our results indicated that beclin 1 may be a novel, promising prognostic factor for clinical outcome in head and neck ACC patients and may play a part in the development of head and neck ACC by interacting with Bcl-2 and p53.

  20. Evaluation of Bcl-2 Family Gene Expression in Hippocampus of 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine Treated Rats

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    Hamed Hashemi-Nasl

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA is an illicit, recreational drugthat causes cellular death and neurotoxicity. This study evaluates the effects of differentdoses of MDMA on the expression of apoptosis–related proteins and genes in the hippocampusof adult rats.Materials and Methods: In this expremental study,a total of 20 male Sprague Dawley rats(200-250 g were treated with MDMA (0, 5, 10, 20 mg/kg i.p. twice daily for 7 days. Sevendays after the last administration of MDMA, the rats were killed. Bax and Bcl-2 genesin addition to protein expressions were detected by western blot and reverse transcriptionpolymerasechain reaction (RT-PCR.Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA andp≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: Our results showed that MDMA caused dose dependent up-regulation of Baxand down-regulation of Bcl-2 in the hippocampus. There was a significant alteration inbcl-2 and bax genes density.Conclusion: Changes in apoptosis-related proteins and respective genes relating to Baxand Bcl-2 might be involved in the molecular mechanism of MDMA-induced apoptosis.

  1. Combined expression of gastrointestinal hormone SP and anti-apoptosis geneBcl-2 in gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Ling Feng; Qin Xian Zhang; Sheng Lei Li

    2000-01-01

    AIM To study the combined expression of gastrointestinal hormone substance P and anti-apoptosis gene Bcl-2 in gastric carcinoma and its significance.METHODS Substance P and Bcl-2 protein expression was examined by the S-P immunohistochemicalmethod in 33 cases of gastric carcinoma, 17 adjacent the carcinoma and 13 normal gastric mucoma.RESULTS Positive expression of SP in gastric carcinoma was higher than that of both adjacent and normalmucosa (P 0.05). The expression of bcl-2 both in gastric carcinoma and adjacent tissues werehigher than that of normal gastric mucosa (P< 0.05-0.01). But the positive expression of Bcl-2 had nostatistical significance between gastric carcinoma and adjacent tissues.CONCLUSION Both gastrointestinal hormone SP and Bcl-2 gene have synergistic expression in gastriccarcinoma, indicating that they all take part in the occurrence of gastric carcinoma. Abnormal expression ofBcl-2 gene occurred in benign gastric pathological changes, once they become carcinoma, the positiveexpression of cell is no more increased, possibly because that there is no more increase of the intensity of Bcl-2 inhibition of cell apoptosis.

  2. Telomerase activity, estrogen receptors (α, β), Bcl-2 expression in human breast cancer and treatment response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo-Ortiz, Blanca; Astudillo-De la Vega, Horacio; Castillo-Medina, Sebastian; Malacara, JM; Benitez-Bribiesca, Luis

    2006-01-01

    Background The mechanism for maintaining telomere integrity is controlled by telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that specifically restores telomere sequences, lost during replication by means of an intrinsic RNA component as a template for polymerization. Among the telomerase subunits, hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase) is expressed concomitantly with the activation of telomerase. The role of estrogens and their receptors in the transcriptional regulation of hTERT has been demonstrated. The current study determines the possible association between telomerase activity, the expression of both molecular forms of estrogen receptor (ERα and ERβ) and the protein bcl-2, and their relative associations with clinical parameters. Methods Tissue samples from 44 patients with breast cancer were used to assess telomerase activity using the TRAP method and the expression of ERα, ERβ and bcl-2 by means of immunocytochemical techniques. Results Telomerase activity was detected in 59% of the 44 breast tumors examined. Telomerase activity ranged from 0 to 49.93 units of total product generated (TPG). A correlation was found between telomerase activity and differentiation grade (p = 0.03). The only significant independent marker of response to treatment was clinical stage. We found differences between the frequency of expression of ERα (88%) and ERβ (36%) (p = 0.007); bcl-2 was expressed in 79.5% of invasive breast carcinomas. We also found a significant correlation between low levels of telomerase activity and a lack of ERβ expression (p = 0.03). Conclusion Lower telomerase activity was found among tumors that did not express estrogen receptor beta. This is the first published study demonstrating that the absence of expression of ERβ is associated with low levels of telomerase activity. PMID:16911782

  3. Telomerase activity, estrogen receptors (α, β, Bcl-2 expression in human breast cancer and treatment response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malacara JM

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The mechanism for maintaining telomere integrity is controlled by telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that specifically restores telomere sequences, lost during replication by means of an intrinsic RNA component as a template for polymerization. Among the telomerase subunits, hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase is expressed concomitantly with the activation of telomerase. The role of estrogens and their receptors in the transcriptional regulation of hTERT has been demonstrated. The current study determines the possible association between telomerase activity, the expression of both molecular forms of estrogen receptor (ERα and ERβ and the protein bcl-2, and their relative associations with clinical parameters. Methods Tissue samples from 44 patients with breast cancer were used to assess telomerase activity using the TRAP method and the expression of ERα, ERβ and bcl-2 by means of immunocytochemical techniques. Results Telomerase activity was detected in 59% of the 44 breast tumors examined. Telomerase activity ranged from 0 to 49.93 units of total product generated (TPG. A correlation was found between telomerase activity and differentiation grade (p = 0.03. The only significant independent marker of response to treatment was clinical stage. We found differences between the frequency of expression of ERα (88% and ERβ (36% (p = 0.007; bcl-2 was expressed in 79.5% of invasive breast carcinomas. We also found a significant correlation between low levels of telomerase activity and a lack of ERβ expression (p = 0.03. Conclusion Lower telomerase activity was found among tumors that did not express estrogen receptor beta. This is the first published study demonstrating that the absence of expression of ERβ is associated with low levels of telomerase activity.

  4. EXPRESSIONS OF P53, PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANITIGEN, BCL-2 PROTEIN AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN SALIVARY ADENOID CYSTIC CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of P53, PCNA, Bcl-2 protein and their relationship in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma(SACC). Methods These proteins were examined by immunohistochemistry. Results Overexpressions of P53 and PCNA were revealed in ACC samples, they were higher than those in (polymorphous adenomas) PA, but expression of Bcl-2 protein was not different between ACC and PA. In 3 subtypes of ACC, expressions of 3 proteins were different. Conclusion Mutations of P53, Bcl-2 may be involed in the occurrence of SACC, expression of PCNA and mutation of P53 may coexist in the development of the SACC.

  5. Effect of U-74389G on apoptosis and bcl-2 expression following traumatic brain injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆纯; 卢亦成; 朱诚; 江基尧

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and apoptosis and bcl-2 expression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to lateral fluid percussion brain injury (FPBI) of moderate severity. U-74389G (20 mg/kg) were administered intravenously before FPBI. The neurological functions were measured by beam-walk task (BWT) and beam-balance task (BBT). In addition to morphological evidence of apoptosis, TUNEL histochemistry was used to identify DNA fragmentation in situ with both light and electron microscopic levels. The internucleosomal fragments of DNA in apoptotic cells were examined using agarose gel electrophoresis. Bcl-2 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: The scores of BWT and BBT were significantly improved (P<0.01) in the treated animals. The treatment significantly reduced the number of apoptotic cells that was counted in the areas of the injured hemisphere at various time points following TBI. No DNA ladder was detected in the treated rats. Bcl-2 expression was observed in the cerebral cortex, subcortical white matter, dentate gyrus, hippocampal CA1 and CA3 region ipsilateral to injured hemisphere. Bcl-2 positive cells displayed normal nuclear morphology; Little Bcl-2 positive cells revealed morphological feature of apoptosis or necrosis. The immunoreactivity of Bcl-2 protein decreased significantly in the hippocampus ipsilateral impact site as early as 6 h post-injury. During 1-3 d after injury, the bcl-2 protein expression decreased relatively slow. In the U-74389G treated groups, the downregulation of bcl-2 expression was halted. Conclusion: In this model, apoptosis is associated with an activation of lipid peroxidation. U-74389G may block oxidative stress and halt the downregulation of bcl-2 expression. These may be one of the molecular mechanisms of the neuro-protective effects by U-74389G.

  6. Expression of P53 and PCNA and bcl-2 and EGFR in patients with multiple primary bladder cancers%多原发膀胱癌中P53、PCNA、bcl-2、EGFR表达的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝庆亮; 谷江; 石家齐; 孙发; 龙义国; 沈俊; 张永春; 万滨; 杨永安

    2012-01-01

    1996 to 2011 in our hospital and were confirmed by pathological examination. Results:The positive expression of P53 and PCNA and bcl-2 and EGFR in patients with multiple primary bladder cancers and bladder cancers were significantly higher than that in patients with normal bladders(P0. 05). Conclusions: The positive expression of P53 , bcl-2 and EGFR was different in multiple primary bladder cancers and bladder cancers. The highly positive expression of P53 and bcl-2 and the lowly positive expression of EGFR can occur simultaneously in multiple primary bladder cancers. The combined detection of P53, bcl-2 and EGFR is valuable for the clinical diagnosis and identification of multiple primary bladder cancers. The higher expression of EGFR in multiple primary bladder cancers than that in patients with normal bladders may provide the possibility of the targeting therapy of multiple primary bladder cancers.

  7. [Dexamethasone affect on the expression of bcl-2 and mTOR genes in T-lymphocytes from healthy donors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatkhullina, A R; Abramov, S N; Skibo, Iu V; Abramova, Z I

    2014-01-01

    Synthetic glucocorticoids are able to activate apoptosis in the cells by regulating the transcription of the respective genes. Effect of dexamethasone on apoptosis is an established fact. However, its influence on another program of cell death autophagy, is currently unproven. Therefore, in this paper we have analyzed the influence of dexamethasone on the expression of bcl-2 and mTOR genes in T-lymphocytes from healthy donors. The results showed that dexamethasone reduced the expression of bcl-2 and mTOR genes. However, the nature of the effect of dexamethasone on mTOR and bcl-2 expression was different: the expression of bcl-2 gene in the long-term cultivation was maintained at the same reduced level, while the expression of mTOR was first reduced and then increased.

  8. Quantitative analysis of the mRNA expression levels of BCL2 and BAX genes in human osteoarthritis and normal articular cartilage: An investigation into their differential expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaliotas, Georgios I; Mavridis, Konstantinos; Scorilas, Andreas; Babis, George C

    2015-09-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is primarily characterized by articular cartilage degeneration and chondrocyte loss. Although the role of apoptosis in cartilage pathobiology remains to be elucidated, the apoptotic B‑cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL2) gene family is considered to be involved in OA. The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively analyze the mRNA expression profiles of the BCL2‑associated X protein (BAX) and BCL2 genes in human OA and in normal cartilage. Cartilage tissue samples were obtained from 78 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty for OA (OA group) and orthopedic interventions for causes other than OA (control group). Total RNA was isolated from the cartilage tissue specimens and reverse transcribed into cDNA. A highly sensitive and specific reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay was developed for quantification of the mRNA levels of BAX and BCL2, using beta‑2 microglobulin as an endogenous control for normalization purposes. Gene expression analysis was performed using the comparative Ct (2(‑ΔΔCt)) method. The mRNA expression of BAX presented an increasing trend in the OA group compared with the control group, although without statistically significace (P=0.099). By contrast, the expression ratio of BCL2/BAX was found to be significantly decreased (2.76‑fold) in the OA group compared with the normal cartilage control group (P=0.022). A notable 4.6‑fold overexpression of median mRNA levels of BAX was also observed in patients with stage III OA compared with the control (P=0.034), while the BCL2/BAX ratio was markedly (2.5‑fold) decreased (P=0.024). A marked positive correlation was observed between the mRNA levels of BAX and BCL2 in the control group (r(s)=0.728; P<0.001), which was also present in the OA group, although to a lesser degree (r(s)=0.532; P<0.001). These results further implicate apoptosis in the pathogenesis of OA, through molecular mechanisms, which include the aberrant expression of the

  9. Induction of leukemia cell apoptosis by cheliensisin A involves down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li ZHONG; Chao-ming LI; Xiao-jiang HAO; Li-guang LOU

    2005-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of cheliensisin A (GC-51), a novel styryl-lactone isolated from Goniothalamus cheliensis, on human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells and the mechanism of action involved.Methods: Apoptotic cell death was determined by morphological examination and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. The activity of caspase-3 was assessed using Western blotting and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax genes was analyzed using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Results:GC-51 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells with an IC50 of 2.4±0.2 μmol/L and effectively induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. Exposure of HL-60cells to 10 μmol/L GC-51 for 8 h resulted in approximately 53% of the cells under going apoptosis. Caspase-3 was activated in GC-51-treated cells, which was manifested by the appearance of the 17 kDa active form of caspase-3 and the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Meanwhile, GC-51 markedly reduced the expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 and increased the expression of the pro-apoptotic gene Bax. The apoptosis-inducing effect of GC-51 was cAMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) dependent because PKA, but not the protein kinase C, specific inhibitor H-89, blocked the induction of apoptosis by GC-51 in HL-60 cells. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that GC-51 effectively induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells and that this effect is PKA-dependent and involves the downregulation of Bcl-2 expression and the activation of caspase-3.

  10. Clinical significance of bcl-2 protein expression and classification algorithm in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance of bcl-2 protein expression and three classification algorithms including Hans model,Chan model and Muris model in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL).

  11. Ghrelin Administration Increases the Bax/Bcl-2 Gene Expression Ratio in the Heart of Chronic Hypoxic Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliparasti, Mohammad Reza; Alipour, Mohammad Reza; Almasi, Shohreh; Feizi, Hadi

    2015-06-01

    Programmed cell death or apoptosis, is a biochemical procedure that initiates due to some conditions, including hypoxia. Bax and Bcl-2 are among the agents that regulate apoptosis. The amplification of the first one triggers the initiation of apoptosis, and the second one prevents it. Ghrelin is an endogenous peptide that antiapoptosis is its new effect. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ghrelin on the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Twenty four wistar rats were divided randomly in three groups; control, hypoxic + saline and hypoxic + ghrelin. Hypoxic animals lived in O2 11% for 2 weeks and received either saline or ghrelin subcutaneously daily. The bax and Bcl-2 gene expression were measured by Real-Time RT-PCR. Chronic hypoxia increased the Bax gene expression significantly compared with normal animals (P = 0.008), but the Bcl-2 was not affected by hypoxia. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio also amplified significantly (P=0.005). Ghrelin administration significantly increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the hypoxic animals compared to the hypoxic + saline and normal groups (p=0.042 and P= 0.001, respectively). In the present study, animals' treatment with ghrelin leads to an increment of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, which indicates a controversy related to cardioprotection of ghrelin.

  12. Ghrelin Administration Increases the Bax/Bcl-2 Gene Expression Ratio in the Heart of Chronic Hypoxic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Aliparasti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Programmed cell death or apoptosis, is a biochemical procedure that initiates due to some conditions, including hypoxia. Bax and Bcl-2 are among the agents that regulate apoptosis. The amplification of the first one triggers the initiation of apoptosis, and the second one prevents it. Ghrelin is an endogenous peptide that antiapoptosis is its new effect. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ghrelin on the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Methods: Twenty four wistar rats were divided randomly in three groups; control, hypoxic + saline and hypoxic + ghrelin. Hypoxic animals lived in O2 11% for 2 weeks and received either saline or ghrelin subcutaneously daily. The bax and Bcl-2 gene expression were measured by Real-Time RT-PCR. Results: Chronic hypoxia increased the Bax gene expression significantly compared with normal animals (P = 0.008, but the Bcl-2 was not affected by hypoxia. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio also amplified significantly (P=0.005. Ghrelin administration significantly increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the hypoxic animals compared to the hypoxic + saline and normal groups (p=0.042 and P= 0.001, respectively. Conclusion: In the present study, animals’ treatment with ghrelin leads to an increment of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, which indicates a controversy related to cardioprotection of ghrelin.

  13. Ghrelin Administration Increases the Bax/Bcl-2 Gene Expression Ratio in the Heart of Chronic Hypoxic Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliparasti, Mohammad Reza; Alipour, Mohammad Reza; Almasi, Shohreh; Feizi, Hadi

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Programmed cell death or apoptosis, is a biochemical procedure that initiates due to some conditions, including hypoxia. Bax and Bcl-2 are among the agents that regulate apoptosis. The amplification of the first one triggers the initiation of apoptosis, and the second one prevents it. Ghrelin is an endogenous peptide that antiapoptosis is its new effect. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ghrelin on the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Methods: Twenty four wistar rats were divided randomly in three groups; control, hypoxic + saline and hypoxic + ghrelin. Hypoxic animals lived in O2 11% for 2 weeks and received either saline or ghrelin subcutaneously daily. The bax and Bcl-2 gene expression were measured by Real-Time RT-PCR. Results: Chronic hypoxia increased the Bax gene expression significantly compared with normal animals (P = 0.008), but the Bcl-2 was not affected by hypoxia. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio also amplified significantly (P=0.005). Ghrelin administration significantly increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the hypoxic animals compared to the hypoxic + saline and normal groups (p=0.042 and P= 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: In the present study, animals’ treatment with ghrelin leads to an increment of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, which indicates a controversy related to cardioprotection of ghrelin. PMID:26236657

  14. Functional expression of CD95/Fas Antigen and Bcl-2 on Cord blood Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马艳萍; 邹萍

    2002-01-01

    The cell-surface expression and functional status of the CD95/Fas antigen on primitive hematopoietic progenitors isolated from human cord blood (CB) were studied. The CD34+ cells freshly isolated from CB displayed low CD95 expression. The combinations of cytokines such as SCF+FL could up-regulate the expression of CD95 in vitro culture and tumor necrosis factor-e (TNF-α) and interon-γ (IFN-γ) further increased the CD95 expression induced by positive cytokines. The functional status of CD95-mediated apoptosis were analyzed by incubation of CD34+CB cells in the presence of anti-CD95 monoclonal antibodies (McAbs). The effects of anti-CD95 McAbs were measured by viable cell counting, flow cytometry, LTIC and CFU-C assays. A decrease of viable cells, CFUC and LTIC numbers were observed in the presence of anti-CD95 McAbs and TNF-α or IFN-γ.However, growth factor deprivation or the early-acting cytokine such as SCF and FL cross-linking to CD95 caused low apoptosis of CD34+ cells. The correlation of increased intracytoplasmic levels of bcl2 and the presence of CD95 on fresh CB CD34+ cells suggested that bcl-2 might be involved in protecting against CD95-mediated apoptosis of CB CD34+ cells.

  15. Expression of bcl-2 protein in chronic hepatitis C: Effect of interferon alpha 2b with ribavirin therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Panasiuk Anatol; Prokopowicz Danuta; Dzieciol Janusz; Panasiuk Bozena

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Mechanisms responsible for persistence of HCV infection and liver damage in chronic hepatitis C are not clear. Apoptosis is an important form of host immune response against viral infections. Anti-apoptotic proteinbcl-2 expression on liver tissue as well as the influence of interferon alpha 2b (IFNα2b) and ribavirin (RBV) were analyzed in patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: In 30 patients with chronic hepatitis C (responders - R and non-responders - NR) treated with IFNα2b+RBV, protein bcl-2 was determined in hepatocytes and in liver associated lymphocytes before and after the treatment.RESULTS: The treatment diminished bcl-2 protein accumulation in liver cells in_patients with hepatitis C (P<0.05). Before and after the therapy, we detected bcl-2 protein in R in 87±15% and 83±20% of hepatocytes andin 28± 18% and 26±10% of liver-associated lymphocytes, respectively. In NR, the values before treatment decreased from 94±32% to 88±21% of hepatocytes and 39±29% to 28±12% of lymphocytes with bcl-2 expression. There was no statistical correlation between bcl-2 expression on liver tissue with inflammatory activity, fibrosis and biochemical parameters before and after the treatment.CONCLUSION: IFNα2b+RBV treatment, by bcl-2 protein expression decrease, enables apoptosis of hepatocytes and associated liver lymphocytes, which in turn eliminate hepatitis C viruses.

  16. Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase, p53 and Bcl-2 in Gastric Precancerous and Cancerous Lesions: Correlation with Clinical Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Cui; Zu'an Zhu; Ying Liu; Qingyan Kong; Sujuan Fei

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), p53 and bcl-2 in gastric precancerous and cancerous lesions and to examine the expression of these proteins in relation to clinical features.METHODS The expressions of iNOS, p53 and bcl-2 proteins in gastric precancerous and cancerous lesions and their correlations with the clinical features were determined using immunohistochemical assays (Power VisionTM two-step method) on 84 gastric carcinomas and 54 gastric atypical hyperplastic tissues. Apoptotic cells were evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase- mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL).RESULTS Expression of iNOS, p53 and bcl-2 was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma (GC) tissues than in gastric atypical hyperplastic tissues. Among the 84 carcinomas, the expression of p53 was observed in 50 (59.52%), bcl-2 in 43 (51.19%), and iNOS in 65 (77.58%). Overexpression of iNOS and bcl-2 in gastrlc carcinoma was related to tumor size and iNOS was related to the presence of lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The expression of proteins did not correlate with age, sex, stage of disease, or differentiation. Expression of iNOS in gastric carcinoma tissues was positively correlated with bcl-2 expression (χ2=8.926, P=0.003),and also with p53 expression (χ2= 5.2430, P= 0.022). The mean apoptotic indexes (Al) were 1.29%±0.50 in low-grade atypical hyperplasia (LG),0.96%±0.36 in high-grade atypical hyperplasia (HG) and 0.70%±0.43 in GC, with the difference being significant between LG, HG and GC (P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between iNOS expression and the Al in GC (t=3.0815, P=0.0028).CONCLUSION iNOS was expressed in the majority of gastric carcinoma tissues and correlated with cellular apoptosis associated with p53 and bcl-2 expression. iNOS overexpression is closely associated with p53 and bcl-2 accumulation status. iNOS may play a synergistic role in the pathogenesis of GC.

  17. THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE CELL APOPTOSIS AND EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 PROTEIN IN INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE IN MODEL OF RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao Gang; Guo Ning; Zhang Zhonglin; Chen Wei; Bao Dehu

    2006-01-01

    Otjective To study whether there is the apoptosis of neural cells and the expressionof Bcl-2 protein in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in model of rats, for the further understanding the mechanism of the delayed damage of the neural cells around the hematoma after ICH. Methods Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, ten in each. With the Group A as the control, the rest 40 were used to set up intracerebral hemorrhage model. The brains were taken out at 12th, 24th, 48th and 72th hours, respectively. Apoptosis cells were detected with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and the expression of Bcl-2 protein was detected with immunochemical stainging methed (SP). Results In the control group, no apoptosis cells and Bcl-2protein were detected. In rest groups, the apoptosis cells and Bcl-2 protein were expressed in different degree.Apoptosis rates verified and corresponded with the time after ICH, with the peak at 48th -72th hour after hemorrhage.The peak rate of apoptosis cells was (24. 50± 2.69)% and Bcl-2 protein expression was (20. 76 ± 1.97)% . There was significant difference between the experimental groups and control (P<0.05), and no linear relationship between the apoptosis rate and the expression of Bcl-2 protein. Conclusion Apoptosis may be an important factor in the secondary trauma of ICH. There is a time leg after hemorrhage. All this is instructive to clinical treatment in time. Bcl-2 protein keeps increasing in a certain time after hemorrhage, but not synchronize with the cell apoptosis. This indicates that bcl-2 has the effect to reduce the apoptosis of neural cells.

  18. Expression of bax and bcl-2 after Acute Compression Injury to Rat Spinal Cord%大鼠脊髓急性损伤后bax和bcl-2的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅强; 侯铁胜; 鲁凯伍; 李明; 赵杰; 贺石生; 石志才

    2001-01-01

    检测大鼠脊髓损伤后凋亡相关基因的表达,以探讨神经细胞凋亡的分子机制。方法:大鼠脊髓(T8.9)经中度压迫损伤后,分别在30min、2h、4h、8h、24h、48h和72h处死取材(n=6)。主要应用免疫组化及原位杂交技术对脊髓组织进行标记,以检测bcl-2和bax的表达。结果:损伤4h后bax蛋白大量表达,而bcl-2蛋白仅有少量表达,bcl-2 mRNA未见表达。结论:脊髓损伤后凋亡基因bax大量表达,并可能在神经细胞的凋亡过程中起重要作用。%We determined the expression of apoptosic correlative genes after spinal cord compression injury, to study the molecular mechanism of neuronal apoptosis. Methods: Following a controlled, moderate degree compression injury to the lower thoracic spinal cord (T8、9), rats were killed at 30min,2,4,8,24,48 or 72 hours after injury (n=6 per group). Three segments of every spinal cord were cut for morphological studies, including hematoxylin and eosin staining, Nissl staining, immunohistochemical staining and in situ hybridization methods. Results: Proteins Bax expressed at 4h after spinal cord injury. But Bcl-2 immunoreactivity was present in the lesion region with low expression, and bcl-2 mRNA without expression. Conclusion: There exist high expression of apoptosic correlative genes bax after spinal cord injury, it may play an important role in induction of neuronal cells to apoptosis.

  19. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and Bcl-2 expression in rat brain areas following chronic morphine treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huiping Yu; Hua Hu; Huaqing Meng; Wei Deng; Yixiao Fu; Qinghua Luo

    2011-01-01

    The ventral tegmental area and the locus coeruleus are associated with psychological and physical dependence of opioid addiction. To date, very little is known about brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Bcl-2 gene and protein changes following morphine addiction. The present study utilized immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization techniques, which revealed that there were increased BDNF levels, but decreased Bcl-2 levels in the prefrontal cortex, locus coeruleus, hippocampus, and the ventral tegmental area during morphine-dependence formation and abstinence. However, the levels of BDNF remained unchanged, and Bcl-2 expression was increased in the nucleus accumbens. These results showed that BDNF and Bcl-2 are involved in the development of morphine dependence, and precipitation of abstinence syndrome.

  20. Expression and Significance of Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and Caspase-3 in Different Phases of Human Hemangioma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Hong; DENG Chenguo; SHEN Shengguo; ZHANG Duanlian; YUYing

    2006-01-01

    The relationship between Bcl-2, Bax, Fas, caspase-3 and development of hemangioma and the molecular mechanism was investigated. By using immunohistochemical S-P method, proliferating cell nuclear antigen was detected. According to the classification of Mulliken in combination with PCNA expression, 27 cases were identified as proliferating hemangioma and 22 cases as involutive hemangioma. Five normal skin tissues around the tumor tissue served as controls. By using immunohistochemical technique, the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, Fax and Caspase-3 was detected. The cells expressing Bcl-2, Bax, Fax and cappase-3 were identified as hemangioma endothelia by immunohistochemical staining of Ⅷ factor. The average absorbance (A) and average positive area rate of Bcl-2, Bax, Fas and caspase-3 expression were measured by using HPIAS-2000 imaging analysis system. The results showed that the expression of Bcl-2 in the endothelia of proliferating hemangioma was significantly higher that in involutive degenerative hemangioma endothelia and vascular endothelia of normal skin tissue (P<0.01). The expression of Bax, Fas and Caspase-3 in the endothelia of involutive hemangioma was obviously higher than in the endothelia of proliferating hemangioma and normal skin tissue (P<0.01). The expression of BAx and Fas in endothelia of proliferating hemangioma was higher than in those of normal skin tissue (P<0.05). It was suggested that Bcl-2,Bax, Fas and caspase-3 might be involved in the development and involution of hemangioma. Bcl-2 could promote the growth of hemangioma by inhibiting apoptosis of endothelia. Bax, Fas and caspase-3 promote the switch of hemangioma from proliferation to involution by inducing the apoptosis of hemangioma endothelia.

  1. Construction of Bcl-2 Antisense RNA Expressed by Defect Retroviral Vector%反义bcl-2基因逆转录病毒表达载体的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林祥华; 陈志哲; 杨婷; 吕联煌

    2001-01-01

    目的克隆bcl-2基因,构建其不同反义核酸的逆转录病毒表达载体。方法设计一对两端带有EcoRⅠ酶切位点的引物,RT-PCR克隆含bcl-2全部编码区的848 bp片段,并连接到T载体,测序正确后正反向亚克隆到pLXSN中EcoRⅠ位点;从pBluescriptⅡSK(-)bcl-2中用BamHⅠ切下含有bcl-2阅读框起始部位的部分编码区亚克隆到pLXSN BamHⅠ位点。结果构建带有正反向含bcl-2阅读框的全部编码区和部分编码区的逆转录病毒表达载体。结论在已知基因序列克隆中,联合RT-PCR和T载体是一个简单、快速、有效的方法,为基因转移和表达研究提供基础。%Objective To clone bcl-2 gene and develop two different bcl-2 antisense RNA expressed by defect retroviral vector. Methods Both upper and down primers with the end of EcoRⅠ site were designed to amplify 848 bp cDNA fragement including the whole bcl-2 exon by RT-PCR. After confirmation of the sequences of cloned bcl-2 exon by T vector, both forward and backward of bcl-2 cDNA were subcloned into the EcoRⅠ site of retroviral vector pLXSN. In the other way, 600 bp cDNA fragement with the beginning of coding bcl-2 exon was obtained by digestion of pBluescriptⅡ SK(-) bcl-2 with BamHⅠ restriction enzyme and also subcloned into the BamHⅠ site of retroviral vector pLXSN. Results Retroviral vectors with both forward and backward, whole and part of bcl-2 exon were successfully constructed. Conclusion Under the knowledge of targeting cDNA sequences, the approach for clonning of targeting gene by combination of RT-PCR with T vector is simple, rapid, effective, and offering the underlying bases of gene transfer and expression.

  2. Expression and its significance of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 in prostatic adenocarcinoma%前列腺腺癌中Beclin-1和Bcl-2的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖芹; 顾学文; 田秀春; 王翠梅

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨 Beclin-1和 Bcl-2在前列腺腺癌中的表达及意义方法采用免疫组化 PV-6000法检测76例前列腺腺癌和40例前列腺结节性增生组织中Beclin-1和Bcl-2的表达。结果在前列腺腺癌组织中,Beclin-1、Bcl-2的阳性表达率分别为47.4%、39.5%;在前列腺结节性增生组织中Beclin-1、Bcl-2的阳性表达率分别为95%、12.5%。Beclin-1、Bcl-2的表达在前列腺腺癌中与前列腺结节性增生组织中有明显差异(P均<0.01);同时两者的表达与前列腺腺癌组织的Gleason评分分级有相关性,Gleason评分越高,Beclin-1的表达越弱,而Bcl-2的表达越强(P<0.05);Beclin-1在前列腺腺癌中的阳性表达与Bcl-2的阳性表达呈负相关性(r=-0.235,P<0.05)。结论 Beclin-1和Bcl-2与前列腺腺癌的发生、发展有关,联合检测有助于临床预测患者预后。%Objective To study the expression and its significance of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 in prostatic adenocarcinoma. Methods The expression of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 was detected in 76 cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma,40 cases of benign prostatic hypertrophy by using immunohistochemistry of PV-6000. Results The positive expression rate of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 were 47.4%, 39.5%in prostatic adenocarcinoma, and were 95%, 12.5%in benign prostatic hypertrophy,respectively. There were statistic significant difference of the the positive expression of Beclin-1, Bcl-2 between prostatic adenocarcinoma and benign prostatic hypertrophy.The positive expression of Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 were correlated with Gleason histologic grade of prostatic adenocarcinoma .The score of Gleason histologic grade of prostatic adenocarcinoma was higher, the positive expression of Beclin-1 was weaker, and that of Bcl-2 was stronger. The expression of Beclin-1 was reversely correlated with the expression of Bcl-2 in prostatic adenocarcinoma. Conclusion Beclin-1 and Bcl-2 play a certain role in the development, progression and

  3. Effects of curcumin on hippocampal Bax and Bcl-2 expression and cognitive function of a rat model of Alzheimer's disease

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    Yunliang Wang; Honglei Yin; Jiyu Lou; Bing Han; Xinyue Qin; Fanchao Meng; Shuang Geng; Yajun Liu

    2011-01-01

    We tested the effects of curcumin treatment on a rat model of Alzheimer's disease induced by beta-amlyoid (Aβ1-40) expression. We investigated alterations in the expression of the apoptosis-related genes Bax and Bcl-2 in the hippocampus, as well as changes in the spatial memory and cognitive function of the rats. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry results showed that Bax expression was remarkably decreased and Bcl-2 expression was increased in the rat Alzheimer's disease model after curcumin treatment. Morris water maze results showed that the average time of escape latency was shortened in the curcumin treated model rats. Our study shows that curcumin can significantly improve spatial learning and memory functions in rats with Aβ1-40-induced Alzheimer's disease by modulating Bax and Bcl-2 expression.

  4. Analysis of the Expression of Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in the Pathogenesis of Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenren Chen; S.M.Fazle Akbar; Zhichao Zhen; Yiping Luo; Lijuan Deng; Haihua Huang; Linxin Chen; Wei Li

    2004-01-01

    To investigate the expression of apoptosis-related protein (Fas, FasL, and Bcl-2) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disorders (ATDs), immunohistochemical staining was performed on 20 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), 20 Graves' disease (GD), and 20 thyroid follicular adenoma (TFA, as control). All the cases expressed Fas, mainly on the cell surface and cytoplasm. FasL was found in 17 cases of the TFA. Bcl-2 was detected in 15 cases of HT, 19 of GD and 17 of TFA. In TFA, a moderate Fas expression and a minimal or no FasL expression was detected on follicular cells. In HT, the follicles adjacent to infiltrating lymphocytes showed increased levels of Fas and FasL expression. A weaker staining of Fas and FasL was exhibited on infiltrating lymphocytes than on thyrocytes. In a comparison of GD with HT, thyrocytes and lymphocytes showed similar Fas staining, but for FasL the staining was rather weaker in HT. The expression of Bcl-2 was nearly identical in GD and TFA, but much weaker on the follicular cells in vicinity of lymphocytes and on the lymphocytes located in germinal centers of HT tissues. The expression of Fas, FasL, Bcl-2 in Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease were almost same. FasL strong expression and Bcl-2 weak expression on the follicles in HT may induce apoptosis. These results provided evidence for expression of Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease. The lymphocytes seem not to be directly engaged in the process via their own FasL, but they may provide some cytokines that, in turn, upregulate Fas and/or FasL expression to induce apoptosis.

  5. Analysis of the Expression of Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in the Pathogenesis of Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShenrenChen; S.M.FazleAkbar; ZhichaoZhen; YipingLuo; LijuanDeng; HaihuaHuang; LinxinChen; WeiLi

    2004-01-01

    To investigate the expression of apoptosis-related protein (Fas, FasL, and Bcl-2) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disorders (ATDs), immunohistochemical staining was performed on 20 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), 20 Graves' disease (GD), and 20 thyroid follicular adenoma (TFA, as control). All the cases expressed Fas, mainly on the cell surface and cytoplasm. FasL was found in 17 cases of the TFA. Bcl-2 was detected in 15 cases of HT, 19 of GD and 17 of TFA. In T FA, a moderate Fas expression and a minimal or no FasL expression was detected on follicular cells. In HT, the follicles adjacent to infiltrating lymphocytes showed increased levels of Fas and FasL expression. A weaker staining of Fas and FasL was exhibited on infiltrating lymphocytes than on thyrocytes. In a comparison of GD with HT, thyrocytes and lymphocytes showed similar Fas staining, but for FasL the staining was rather weaker in HT. The expression of Bcl-2 was nearly identical in GD and TFA, but much weaker on the follicular cells in vicinity of lymphocytes and on the lymphocytes located in germinal centers of HT tissues. The expression of Fas, FasL, Bcl-2 in Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease were almost same. FasL strong expression and Bcl-2 weak expression on the follicles in HT may induce apoptosis. These results provided evidence for expression of Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease. The lymphocytes seem not to be directly engaged in the process v/a their own FasL, but they may provide some cytokines that, in turn, upregulate Fas and/or FasL expression to induce apoptosis.

  6. Expression of Bcl-2-family proteins in peripheral blood B-lymphocytes in patients with cronic lymphocytic leukemia

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    Brajušković Goran R.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL is a neoplastic disease characterized by the accumulation of morphologically mature monoclonal CD 5+ B cells in the early phase (G0/G1 of the cell cycle. It is considered that the accumulation of neoplastically transformed lymphocytes B (CLL cells is primarily the consequence of the disturbance, i.e., blockade of these cells' apoptosis process. Apoptosis is the specific process of programmed cell death regulated by numerous extracellular and intracellular mechanisms. The Bcl-2 proteins are well-known modulators of this process. Some of these proteins (such as Bcl-2, and Bcl-Xl are anti-apoptotic, while others (such as Bad or Bax are pro-apoptotic. Our study included the analysis of 20 peripheral blood specimens from 20 patients with CLL, and 20 peripheral blood specimens of healthy persons who represented the control group. Using Western blotting analysis, we quantitatively examined the protein expression of Bcl-2 family (Bcl-2, Bax, Bad, and Bcl-Xl. The level of Bcl-2 (p=3,68´10-10, Bax (p=0,019, and Bad (p=0,073 proteins expression was significantly increased in all the analyzed peripheral blood samples of patients, while the level of Bcl-Xl protein (p=0,75 did not significantly differ in peripheral blood samples of patients, compared to the controls. The results of this study showed that the increased level of expression of Bcl-2, Bax, and Bad protein represented the most striking feature of CLL cells. Moreover, the variations in the expression of only one protein of the Bcl-2 family could not represent the prognostic parameter in the treatment of this disease.

  7. Expression of bcl-2 gene family during resection induced liver regeneration:Comparison between hepatectomized and sham groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kamil Can Akcali; Aydin Dalgic; Ahmet Ucar; Khemaeis Ben Haj; Dilek Guvenc

    2004-01-01

    AIM: During liver regeneration cellular proliferation and apoptosis result in tissue remodeling to restore normal hepatic mass and structure. Main regulators of the apoptotic machinery are the Bcl-2 family proteins but their roles are not well defined throughout the liver regeneration. We aimed to analyze the expression levels of bcl-2gene family members during resection induced liver regeneration.METHODS: We performed semi-quantitative RT-PCR to examine the expression level of bak, bax, bcl-2 and bcl-xL in 70% hepatectomized rat livers during the whole regeneration process and compared to that of the sham and normal groups.RESULTS: The expression of bakand baxwas decreased whereas that of bcl-2and bcl-XL was increased in hepatectomized animals compared to normal liver at most time points. We also reported for the first time that sham group of animals had statistically significant higher expression of bakand bax than hepatectomized animals. In addition, the area under the curve (AUC) values of these genes was larger in sham groups than the hepatectomized groups.CONCLUSION: The expression changes of bak, bax, bcl-2 and bcl-,XL genes are altered not only due to regeneration,but also due to effects of surgical operations.

  8. Bcl-2 protein expression is associated with p27 and p53 protein expressions and MIB-1 counts in breast cancer

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    Nishizaki Takashi

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent experimental studies have shown that Bcl-2, which has been established as a key player in the control of apoptosis, plays a role in regulating the cell cycle and proliferation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Bcl-2 and p27 protein expression, p53 protein expression and the proliferation activity as defined by the MIB-1 counts. The prognostic implication of Bcl-2 protein expression in relation to p27 and p53 protein expressions and MIB-1 counts for breast cancer was also evaluated. Methods The immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-2 protein was evaluated in a series of 249 invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast, in which p27 and p53 protein expressions and MIB-1 counts had been determined previously. Results The Bcl-2 protein expression was found to be decreased in 105 (42% cases. A decreased Bcl-2 protein expression was significantly correlated with a nuclear grade of III, a negative estrogen receptor, a decreased p27 protein expression, a positive p53 protein expression, positive MIB-1 counts and a positive HER2 protein expression. The incidence of a nuclear grade of III and positive MIB-1 counts increased as the number of abnormal findings of Bcl-2, p27 and p53 protein expressions increased. A univariate analysis indicated a decreased Bcl-2 protein expression to be significantly (p = 0.0089 associated with a worse disease free survival (DFS, while a multivariate analysis indicated the lymph node status and MIB-1 counts to be independently significant prognostic factors for the DFS. Conclusion The Bcl-2 protein expression has a close correlation with p27 and p53 protein expressions and the proliferation activity determined by MIB-1 counts in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. The prognostic value of Bcl-2 as well as p27 and p53 protein expressions was dependent on the proliferation activity in breast cancer.

  9. Expression of bcl-2, bax in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells of rats with arsenic poisoning%bcl-2、bax在砷中毒大鼠肾近端小管表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李远慧; 金婷婷

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of arsenic poisoning on the expressions of bcl-2, bax apoptosis control gene in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells in rtas.Methods Forty normal SD rats were divided into high and low dose of arsenic poisoning group and control group.The body weights of the rats were 120-150g.There were 15 rats in high and low dose exposure groups,and 10 rats in the control group.The rats in high and low groups were treated with As2O3 through drinking water at the doses of 10 and 0.4 mg/kg·d.The control group was given distilled water.Four months after the treatment,the kidney tissue of the rats was collected.Two step immunohistochemistry method, cell number count, and image analyses were used in the study.Results The bcl-2 immunoractive cells decreased and the average gray value gradually increased in arsenic poisoning groups(P < 0.05).The bax immunoractive cells of renal proximal tubular epithelial were increased and the average gray value decreased ( P < 0.05 ) in arsenic poisoning groups compared to those of the control group.Conclusion The expression of bcl-2, bax apoptosis control gene are involved in the process of apoptosis of renal proximal tubular epithelial cells in arsenic poisoning rats.%目的 探讨砷中毒对大鼠肾近端小管上皮细胞凋亡调控基因bcl-2、bax影响.方法 清洁级SD大鼠40只,体重为120~150g,高、低剂量染砷组各15只,对照组10只.高、低剂量染砷组分别给予三氧化二砷(AS2O3)10、0.4 mg/kg水溶液自由饮用,对照组饮用蒸馏水.分笼喂养4个月,取肾脏标本,采用免疫组织化学二步法、细胞计数和图像分析方法测定bcl-2、bax表达.结果 高、低剂量染砷组肾近端小管上皮bcl-2阳性细胞计数分别为(1.85±1.22)与(5.47±1.62)个,明显低于对照组(8.03±2.42)个,平均灰度值逐渐增高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);高、低剂量染砷组肾近端小管上皮bax阳性细胞数分别为(14.88±3.02)与(6

  10. Expressão das proteínas BCL-2 e BAX em tumores astrocíticos humanos Expression of BCL-2 and BAX proteins in human astrocytic tumors

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    Mário Henrique Girão Faria

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os astrocitomas constituem os mais freqüentes tumores primários do sistema nervoso central (SNC. Admite-se que parte do crescimento tumoral seja resultante da inibição da morte celular programada: a apoptose. Tal fenômeno é basicamente regulado pelo equilíbrio entre moléculas antiapoptóticas (ex.: B-cell lymphoma protein 2 [BCL-2] e pró-apoptóticas (ex.: BCL-2 associated protein X [BAX]. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a expressão de BCL-2 e BAX em tumores astrocíticos humanos. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Procedeu-se ao estudo imuno-histoquímico dessas proteínas utilizando-se o método da avidina-biotina-peroxidase em 55 astrocitomas (13 do grau I, 14 do II, sete do III e 21 do grau IV e cinco amostras de tecido cerebral não-tumoral (grupo controle. RESULTADOS: Os índices de positividade para BCL-2 e BAX demonstraram propensão ao acréscimo, de acordo com a gradação tumoral, com positividade geral de 43,26% e 24,67%, respectivamente. Essas proteínas não foram detectadas entre os espécimes não-tumorais. Os escores de marcação para BCL-2 apresentaram tendência ao aumento conforme a progressão histológica, enquanto os para BAX mostraram-se semelhantes nas diversas graduações. A análise conjunta dessas proteínas demonstrou significativa correlação com a gradação tumoral (p BACKGROUND: Astrocytomas represent the most frequent primary tumors of the central nervous system. Admittedly, part of tumor growth is due to inhibition of programmed cell death: the apoptosis. This phenomenon is basically regulated by the balance between anti-apoptotic (e.g.: B-cell lymphoma protein 2 [BCL-2] and pro-apoptotic (e.g.: BCL-2 associated protein X [BAX] molecules. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the expression of BCL-2 and BAX in human astrocytic tumors of different histopathological grades. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An immunohistochemical study of those proteins using the avidin

  11. Assessment of expression of selected Bcl-2 family proteins in lymphoid infiltration in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with nucleoside analogues.

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    Janusz Kłoczko

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL is characterized by clonal growth and accumulation of mature lymphoid cells due to disturbance in genetically regulated form of cell death called apoptosis. The intrinsic mechanism of apoptosis is controlled by Bcl-2 family proteins. Purine nucleoside analogues induce the apoptosis in cells in a state of quiescence. The aim of the study was to assess expression of selected Bcl-2 family proteins in neoplastic infiltration in bone marrow in patients with B-CLL treated with nucleoside analogues. The study comprised examination of bone marrow obtained routinely by trephine biopsy from 18 patients with B-CLL diagnosed before administration of purine nucleoside analogues treatment and after its completion. Expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-x and Bax proteins was examined. Lymphoid cells in bone marrow were present in all patients before administration of treatment. After treatment in two patients bone marrow was infiltrated in diffuse pattern, whereas other patients presented nodular pattern of infiltration. The difference between stage of infiltration before and after treatment was statistically significant (p<0.002. High percentage of infiltration cells with positive anti Bcl-2 reaction from 42.0% in one patient to 85.33+/-3.06% in four patients before treatment was observed. After treatment percentage of infiltration cells with positive anti Bcl-2 antibody reaction was from 33.0+/-18.38% in two patients to 99.0% in one patient. Positive correlation between stage of infiltration and expression of Bcl-2 protein was confirmed before and after treatment. Such correlations were not observed in case of Bax and Bcl-x. Strong staining of immunohistochemical reaction of cells in lymphoid infiltration with Bcl-2 antibody was confirmed. There was a difference between Bcl-/Bax ratio before and after treatment. Immunohistochemical assessment of expression of Bcl-2 family proteins in cells of lymphoid infiltration in bone

  12. Expression of bcl-2 oncogene in gastric precancerous lesions and its correlation with syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Hu; Shao-Xian Lao; Chun-Zhi Tang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To observe the protein and mRNA expression of bcl-2 oncogene in gastric precancerous lesions (GPL) and to analyze its correlation with syndromes in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with GPL confirmed by gastroscopy and pathology were studied, including 39 cases of moderate gastric mucosal dysplasia, 19 casesof severe gastric mucosa dysplasia, g cases of incompletecolon metaplasia. In syndrome differentiation of TCM, 17 cases belonged to the syndrome of qi and yin deficiency of the spleen and stomach complicated by qi stagnation, 21 cases belonged to the syndrome of qi and yin deficiency of the spleen and stomach complicated by stomach heat, 29 cases belonged to the syndrome of qi and yin deficiency of the spleen and stomach complicated by blood stasis. Protein and mRNA expression of bcl-2 oncogene weredetected by labeled streptavidin biotin (LSAB) immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization respectively. RESULTS: Abnormal expression of protein and mRNA on bcl-2 oncogene was found in GPL, which increased gradually with the course of lesions. In moderate and severe gastric mucosal dysplasia and incomplete colon metaplasia, there was no difference in the expression of bcl-2 oncogene (P>0.05). In different accompanying syndromes, the expression of protein and mRNA on bcl-2 oncogene increased gradually in the following order: deficiency of both qi and yin of the spleen and stomach accompanying qi stagnation → stomach heat → blood stasis. In GPL, compared with accompanying blood stasis, there was an obvious difference in the expression of bd-2 oncogene between the syndrome of qi and yin deficiency of the spleen and stomach and accompanying stomach heat, so did accompanying qi stagnation (the level of protein: χ2 = 8.45, P<0.05; the level of mRNA: χ2 = 7.35,P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Apoptosis-associated bcl-2 oncogene is abnormally expressed in GPL, which correlates with different accompanying syndromes in TCM.

  13. Expressions of bcl-2 and P53 protein in Bowen's disease%Bowen病bcl-2及P53蛋白的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张士发; 王良明; 赵丽萍; 许静; 顾绍裘

    2004-01-01

    目的:探讨bcl-2及P53蛋白在Bowen病及Bowen样鳞癌中的表达及其意义.方法:应用免疫组织化学技术对11例Bowen病及3例Bowen样鳞癌bcl-2和/或P53蛋白的表达进行了检测.结果:11例Bowen病中bcl-2蛋白阳性2例(18%),P53蛋白阳性3例(27%);3例Bowen样鳞癌均见bcl-2蛋白表达.Bowen病中bcl-2与P53蛋白表达显著正相关(r=0.769,P<0.05).结论:Bowen病中bcl-2蛋白表达与P53基因突变有关,并参与了Bowen病的进展及向Bowen样鳞癌的演变.

  14. Prognostic value of Bcl-2 and Bax tumor cell expression in patients with non muscle-invasive bladder cancer receiving bacillus Calmette-Guerin immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajili, Faouzia; Kaabi, Belhassen; Darouiche, Amine; Tounsi, Haifa; Kourda, Nadia; Chebil, Mohamed; Manai, Mohamed; Boubaker, Samir

    2012-02-01

    Apoptosis is the distinctive form of programmed cell death that complements cell proliferation in maintaining normal tissue homeostasis. The significance of constitutive apoptosis in the recurrence of Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer has yet to be investigated. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic significance of Bax and Bcl-2 in terms of recurrence after BCG immunotherapy. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on frozen biopsies to evaluate bcl-2 and Bax proteins expression in 28 cases of NMIBC. All patients with confirmed NMIBC were treated with intravesical BCG-immunotherapy. The follow up was performed for 26 months. The correlation between clinicopathological, immunohistochemical data and the response to BCG therapy was performed. Univariate analysis showed that, PT1 stage, High grade and Bax expression increased significantly the risk of recurrence (P = 0.015, P = 0.015 and P= 0.034 respectively). In addition, multivariate analysis selected the model involving stage, age, Bax and Bcl-2 expression as the best independent variables of recurrence. In conclusion, the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in NMIBC could have a prognostic value in assessing the risk of recurrence after BCG immunotherapy. These findings require further investigations on larger cohort in order to ascertain new molecular markers of the response to BCG immunotherapy.

  15. EXPRESSION OF BAX AND BCL-2 IN MOUSE OFFSPRING BRAIN AFTER MATERNAL ORAL ADMINIS TRATION OF MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐磊; 赵晏; 展淑琴; 王会生; 史文春

    2002-01-01

    Objective To analyze the excitotoxicity of monoso dium glutamate (MSG) in the offspring cerebral cortex and hippocampal subregions after maternal oral administration of MSG. Methods Kunming mi ce were given per os MSG ( 4.0 g/kg ) at 17~21 days of pregnancy and their offs pring behaviors were studied at 10, 20 , 30 days postnatally. By using immunohis tochemical means, the involvement of Bcl-2 and Bax in the glutamate-induced c ell death in cortical and hippocampal neur ons were examined. Cell damage was assessed by direct cell counting. Res ults Administration of monosodium glutamate during the fetal period in mice resulted in a moderate increase in the expression of Bax in principal neuro ns in CA1, CA2, CA3, CA4 and in the cerebral cortex at postpartum 10, 20, 30 day s in the offspring mice, whereas Bcl-2 protein expressions were reduced signif icantly in the same regions as compared with those of controls. Conclusi on These findings suggest that glutamate toxicity results in cellular d eath via an apoptotic mechanism in which the Bcl-2/Bax-alpha molecular comple x may be involved. The glutamate-induced apoptosis appears to be related to the modulation of Bcl-2 family gene products such as Bcl-2 and Bax.

  16. Expression of the Bcl-2 protein BAD promotes prostate cancer growth.

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    Adrienne J Smith

    Full Text Available BAD, a pro-apoptotic protein of the Bcl-2 family, has recently been identified as an integrator of several anti-apoptotic signaling pathways in prostate cancer cells. Thus, activation of EGFR, GPCRs or PI3K pathway leads to BAD phosphorylation and inhibition of apoptosis. Increased levels of BAD in prostate carcinomas have also been reported. It appears contradictory that instead of limiting expression of pro-apoptotic protein, prostate cancer cells choose to increase BAD levels while keeping it under tight phosphorylation control. Analysis of the effect of BAD on prostate cancer xenografts has shown that increased BAD expression enhances tumor growth, while knockdown of BAD expression by shRNA inhibits tumor growth. Tissue culture experiments demonstrated that increased BAD expression stimulates proliferation of prostate cancer cells. These results suggest that increased expression of BAD provides a proliferative advantage to prostate tumors, while BAD dephosphorylation increases sensitivity of prostate cancer cells to apoptosis. Combination of proliferative and apoptotic properties prompts prostate cancer cells to be "addicted" to increased levels of phosphorylated BAD. Thus, kinases that phosphorylate BAD are plausible therapeutic targets; while monitoring BAD phosphorylation could be used to predict tumor response to treatments.

  17. Ganoderma lucidum spore powder modulates Bcl-2 and Bax expression in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, and improves learning and memory in pentylenetetrazole-kindled rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang Zhao; Shengchang Zhang; Shuqiu Wang

    2011-01-01

    We studied the effects of Ganoderma lucidum spore powder on Bax and Bcl-2 expression and neuronal apoptosis in pentylenetetrazole-kindled epileptic rats. Sixty adult rats were randomly divided into a control group, an epileptic group (kindled) and three medication groups ( 150, 300,450 mg/kg given to kindled rats). Bax and Bcl-2 immunohistochemistry and TUNEL labeling show ed that the number of Bax- and TUNEL-positive cells in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex decreased significantly in the high-dose medication group, while the number of Bcl-2immunoreactive cells increased. The Morris water maze test showed that high-dose treatment significantly shortened escape latency and increased spatial probe trial performance. Our findings indicate that a high dose of Ganoderma lucidum spore powder upregulates the expressionof antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, inhibits proapoptotic Bax expression, and decreases seizure-induced neuronal apoptosis. Further,Ganoderma lucidum appears to protect against epilepsy-related learning and memory impairments.

  18. Notch pathway is involved in high glucose-induced apoptosis in podocytes via Bcl-2 and p53 pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Feng; Yao, Min; Shi, Yonghong; Hao, Jun; Ren, Yunzhuo; Liu, Qingjuan; Wang, Xiaomeng; Duan, Huijun

    2013-05-01

    Recent studies have shown that Notch pathway plays a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), however, the exact mechanisms remain elusive. Here we demonstrated that high glucose (HG) upregulated Notch pathway in podocytes accompanied with the alteration of Bcl-2 and p53 pathways, subsequently leading to podocytes apoptosis. Inhibition of Notch pathway by chemical inhibitor or specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector in podocytes prevented Bcl-2- and p53-dependent cell apoptosis. These findings suggest that Notch pathway mediates HG-induced podocytes apoptosis via Bcl-2 and p53 pathways.

  19. Expression of apoptosis correlated genes Bcl\\|2 and Bax oncoproteins and its significance in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma%凋亡相关基因Bcl\\|2 、Bax蛋白在喉鳞癌组织中的表达及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏燕; 韩仲明; 张正民; 张向红; 王军; 王琪

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Expression of Bcl\\|2 and Bax oncoproteins was tested in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in order to find the relationship between the two genes and LSCC, and to explrore their clinical significance by retrospectively study of pathological and clinical doouments. Methods: Immunohistochemical S\\|P method was emioyed in testing the expression of Bcl\\|2 and Bax oncoproteins in 74 patients with LSCC, 24 laryngeal atypical hyperplasis (LAH) and 24 laryngeal normal membrane (LNM). Results: Bcl\\|2 oncoprotein was mainly expressed in cytoplasm of epithelium cells and a small part of cell membrances were stained, appearing brow or yellow, granular distribution.There were no expression in the cell nuclear and stroma. Bax oncoprotein was expressed in cytoplasm and cell membrane and there were a little expression in stroma, appearing light brown and yellow, granular distribution. Bax was less stained than Bcl\\|2. The positive expression percentages of Bcl\\|2 oncoprotein in LSCC, LAH, LNM tissues were 59.46%,66.67% and 20.83% respectively. The Bcl\\|2 expressions in LSCC, LAH tissues were significantly higher than that in LNM (P<0.05); The positive expression percentages of Bax oncoprotein in these three groups were 56.76%, 50.0% and 66.67% respectively which were no significant difference. The results of Spearman correlated analysis showed that expression of Bcl\\|2 and Bax oncoproteins had no obvious correlations with pathological grade, clinical stage and metastasis of lymph node. Both were correlated only with smoking. Conclusions: The imbalance of Bcl\\|2/Bax mainly induced by the high expression of Bcl\\|2 oncoprotein played an important role in the development of LSCC and LAH, Bcl\\|2 may act as a reference index in judging the biological speciality of LSCC; Expressions of Bcl\\|2 and Bax oncoprotein had obvious corelation with smoking in LSCC, indicating Bcl\\|2 and Bax genes may be a target of carcinogenic substance in tobacco; Expression of

  20. Impact of BCL2 and p53 on postmastectomy radiotherapy response in high-risk breast cancer. A subgroup analysis of DBCG82 b&c

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyndi, Marianne; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Knudsen, Helle

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine p53 and BCL2 expression in high-risk breast cancer patients randomized to postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present analysis included 1 000 of 3 083 high-risk breast cancer patients randomly assigned to PMRT in the DBCG82 b&c studies. Tissue...... microarray sections were stained with immunohistochemistry for p53 and BCL2. Median potential follow-up was 17 years. Clinical endpoints were locoregional recurrence (LRR), distant metastases (DM), overall mortality, and overall survival (OS). Statistical analyses included Kappa statistics, chi(2) or exact...

  1. Expression of the Bcl-2 family genes and complexes involved in the mitochondrial transport in prostate cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asmarinah, Asmarinah; Paradowska-Dogan, Agnieszka; Kodariah, Ria; Tanuhardja, Budiana; Waliszewski, Przemyslaw; Mochtar, Chaidir Arif; Weidner, Wolfgang; Hinsch, Elvira

    2014-10-01

    Alteration of molecular pathways triggering apoptosis gives raise to various pathological tissue processes, such as tumorigenesis. The mitochondrial pathway is regulated by both the genes of the Bcl-2 family and the genes encoding mitochondrial transport molecules. Those proteins allow a release of cyctochrome c through the outer mitochondrial membrane. This release activates the caspase cascade resulting in death of cells. There are at least two main transport systems associated with the family of Bcl-2 proteins that are involved in transport of molecules through the outer mitochondrial membrane, i.e., the voltage dependent anion channels (VDACs) and translocases of the outer mitochondrial membrane proteins (TOMs). We investigated the expression of genes of the Bcl-2 family, i.e., pro-apoptotic Bak and Bid, and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2; VDAC gene, i.e., VDAC1, VDAC2 and VDAC3; and TOMM genes, i.e., TOMM20, TOMM22 and TOMM40. This study was performed at the mRNA and the protein level. Fourteen paraffin embedded prostate cancer tissues and five normal prostate tissues were analyzed by the quantitative PCR array and immunohistochemistry. We found a significant increase in both mRNA expression of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 gene and VDAC1 gene in prostate cancer tissue in comparison with their normal counterparts. Translation of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and VDAC1 genes in prostate cancer tissue was slightly increased. We observed no significant differences in the mRNA expression of the pro-apoptotic Bak and Bid genes, VDAC2 or VDAC3 genes or the three TOMM genes in these tissues. The pro-apoptotic Bax protein was downtranslated significantly in secretory cells of prostate cancer as compared to normal prostate. We suggest that this protein is a good candidate as biomarker for prostate cancer.

  2. 雌激素对大鼠胸腺细胞凋亡及Bcl-2、Bax表达的影响%Effects of estrogen on apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in rat thymus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雅娜; 孙研; 崔春红; 殷彦君

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨苯甲酸雌二醇对大鼠胸腺Bcl-2和Bax表达及细胞凋亡的影响及其机制.方法:雌性大鼠行卵巢切除术,给予苯甲酸雌二醇后,观察胸腺指数的变化,Hochest33342荧光染色及透射电镜标本观察胸腺细胞凋亡情况,免疫组织化学检测胸腺组织中Bcl-2和Bax的表达情况,原位杂交技术检测Bcl-2、Bax m RNA的表达情况.结果:双侧卵巢切除组大鼠胸腺指数较假手术组增加,双侧卵巢切除+雌激素组大鼠胸腺指数较双侧卵巢切除组减小;假手术组和双侧卵巢切除组大鼠胸腺组织中以正常胸腺细胞为主,偶见凋亡细胞或凋亡小体,双侧卵巢切除+雌激素组可见较多凋亡细胞和凋亡小体;双侧卵巢切除+雌激素组大鼠胸腺组织中Bcl-2表达较双侧卵巢切除组和假手术组增高明显降低,而Bax表达呈现相反趋势;Bcl-2 mRNA、Bax mRNA的表达与Bcl-2、Bax的表达呈一致性.结论:雌激素可以降低大鼠胸腺指数,抑制胸腺组织中Bcl-2的表达,促进Bax的表达,从而诱导大鼠胸腺细胞凋亡,促进雌性大鼠胸腺退化.%Objective-. To explore the effects of estrogen on the apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in rat thymus. Methods-. The rats performed with ovariectomy were injected with estradiol benzoate. Thymus was obtained 7 days after the injection. Thymic indexes were measured. Apoptosis of the thymus was detected after Hochest 33342 staining and examined under an electron microscope. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in the thymus was detected with a immunohistochemical method. The expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and Bax mRNA in the thymus was detected by in situ hybridization. The test was taken in statistical treatment. Results: The thymus quality index in ovariectomy group was higher than that in the model control group. The thymus quality index of rats injected with estradiol benzoate was reduced respectively. Apoptotic cells and apoptotic bodies were found in the

  3. Exhaustive Training Increases Uncoupling Protein 2 Expression and Decreases Bcl-2/Bax Ratio in Rat Skeletal Muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Y. Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates the effects of oxidative stress due to exhaustive training on uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2 and Bcl-2/Bax in rat skeletal muscles. A total of 18 Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group (CON, the trained control group (TC, and the exhaustive trained group (ET. Malondialdehyde (MDA, superoxide dismutase (SOD, xanthine oxidase (XOD, ATPase, UCP2, and Bcl-2/Bax ratio in red gastrocnemius muscles were measured. Exhaustive training induced ROS increase in red gastrocnemius muscles, which led to a decrease in the cell antiapoptotic ability (Bcl-2/Bax ratio. An increase in UCP2 expression can reduce ROS production and affect mitochondrial energy production. Thus, oxidative stress plays a significant role in overtraining.

  4. CHIP buffers heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels to prevent augmentation of anticancer drug-resistant cell population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuchiya, M; Nakajima, Y; Waku, T; Hiyoshi, H; Morishita, T; Furumai, R; Hayashi, Y; Kishimoto, H; Kimura, K; Yanagisawa, J

    2015-08-27

    Many types of cancer display heterogeneity in various features, including gene expression and malignant potential. This heterogeneity is associated with drug resistance and cancer progression. Recent studies have shown that the expression of a major protein quality control ubiquitin ligase, carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP), is negatively correlated with breast cancer clinicopathological stages and poor overall survival. Here we show that CHIP acts as a capacitor of heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels and prevents an increase in the anticancer drug-resistant population in breast cancer cells. CHIP knockdown in breast cancer cells increased variation in Bcl-2 expression levels, an antiapoptotic protein, among the cells. Our results also showed that CHIP knockdown increased the proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells. These findings suggest that CHIP buffers variation in gene expression levels, affecting resistance to anticancer drugs. In single-cell clones derived from breast cancer cell lines, CHIP knockdown did not alter the variation in Bcl-2 expression levels and the proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells. In contrast, when clonal cells were treated with a mutagen, the variation in Bcl-2 expression levels and proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells were altered by CHIP knockdown. These results suggest that CHIP masks genetic variations to suppress heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels and prevents augmentation of the anticancer drug-resistant population of breast cancer cells. Because genetic variation is a major driver of heterogeneity, our results suggest that the degree of heterogeneity in expression levels is decided by a balance between genetic variation and the buffering capacity of CHIP.

  5. Pokemon reduces Bcl-2 expression through NF-κBp65:a possible mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinkai Zhao; Qiaoming Ning; Xiaoning Sun; Dean Tian

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the relationship among Pokemon, NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2 in hepatoma cells. Methods: HCC cell HepG2, SMMC7721 and human fetal liver cell line LO2 cells were used, and expression of Pokemon, NF-毷B p65 and Bcl-2 in three cells were detected by real-time PCR and western blot. Then siRNA of Pokemon was applied to inhibit the expression of Pokemon and NF-κB p65 and apoptotic rate was determined by flow cytometric analysis. Results: Expressions of Pokemon, NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2 in human hepatoma cell HepG2, SMMC7721 expression were significantly higher than those in human embryonic stem cells LO2. siRNA of Pokemon inhibited the expression of Pokemon, NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2 in liver cancer cells, and significantly increased apoptosis of liver cells. While siRNA of NF-κB p65 inhibited the expression of NF-κB p65 and Bcl-2, but Pokemon expression in hepatoma cells had no significant change. Conclusions:The proto-oncogene Pokemon can inhibit P14ARF by specific transcription regulation of cell cycle and can induce tumors. In addition, Pokemon can regulate NF-κB p65 through the expression of apoptosis repressor, and promote the development of liver cancer. It suggests signal network in the liver include the regulation of new non-classical NF-κB regulatory pathway.

  6. The function of apoptosis and protein expression of bcl-2, p53 and C-myc inthe development of gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    An Gao Xu; Shao Guang Li; Ji Hong Liu; Ai Hua Gan

    2000-01-01

    AIM To understand the rule and possible function of apoptosis and protein expression of bcl-2, p53 and C-myc in chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, non-classic proliferation of gastric mucosa and gastric cancer.METHODS Apoptosis was detected by using in situ terminal labelling (TUNEL). The protein expression ofbcl-2, p53 and C-myc was detected by immunohistochemical method.RESULTS The indexes of apoptosis in chronic active gastritis, gastric ulcer, mild and severe non-classicproliferation of gastric mucosa, early and progressive gastric cancer were 16.8%±12.3%, 24.1%±20.0%,19.3%±16.4%, 15.7%±15.2%, 10.1%±9.1% and 6.3%±6.0%, respectively. The index of progressivegastric cancer was lower than that of early gastric cancer and non-classic proliferation of gastric mucosa(P<0.05). The positive rate of bcl-2 protein was 9.4%, 27.6%, 52.9%, 75.0%, 83.3% and 46.7%,respectively. The positive rate of bcl-2 of early gastric cancer was higher than that of progressive gastriccancer. The positive rates of p53 protein of severe non-classic proliferation, early and progressive gastriccancer were 25.0%, 33.3% and 63.3%, respectively. The positive rate of p53 of progressive gastric cancerwas higher than that of early gastric cancer and non-classic proliferation (P<0.05). In Lauren types, theindex of apoptosis, protein expression rates of bcl-2, p53 and C-myc of intestinal type were 8.3%±7.2%,38.9%, 77.7% and 56.6%, while that of diffuse type were 5.1%±4.9%, 58.3%, 50.0% and 8.3%,respectively. All markers had statistical difference between two types (P<0.05).CONCLUSION Apoptosis was inhibited stepwise in the development of non-classic proliferation of gastricmucosa to early gastric cancer and then to progressive gastric cancer. The high expression of bcl-2, p53 andC-myc was related to the development of gastric cancer, bcl-2 might play an important role in early gastriccancer while p53 and C-myc act mostly in middle and late stage gastric cancer. The Lauren typing of

  7. Immunohistochemical study of epidermal and dermal expression of Bcl-X, Bcl-2 and bax in psoriasis.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis in psoriasis. Methods: The expressions of Bcl-X, Bcl-2 and Bax were studied with immunohistochemical technique (SP) in the lesional and non-lesional psoriatic skin. Results: There were significant overexpressions of Bcl-X in all layers of epidermis, inflammatory cells and vascular endothelia in dermis;

  8. Bcl-2, Bax, and c-Fos expression correlates to RPE cell apoptosis induced by UV-light and daunorubicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liang, Y G; Jorgensen, A G; Kaestel, C G;

    2000-01-01

    . METHODS. Apoptosis in confluent RPE cells cultured on ECM-coated or uncoated dishes was induced by UV-A or DNR. Apoptosis was detected by 7-amino-actinomycin D labeling followed by flow cytometry and by terminal deoxy-transferase mediated X-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). Cellular expression of Bcl-2, Bcl...

  9. Association of Bax Expression and Bcl2/Bax Ratio with Clinical and Molecular Prognostic Markers in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vucicevic Ksenija

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL, in vivo apoptotic resistance of malignant B lymphocytes results, in part, from the intrinsic defects of their apoptotic machinery. These include genetic alterations and aberrant expression of many apoptosis regulators, among which the Bcl2 family members play a central role.

  10. Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on cytochrome C, Bcl-2 and bax expression after experimental traumatic brain injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhan; JIAO Qing-fang; YOU Chao; CHE Yan-jun; SU Fang-zhong

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on the neuronal apoptosis at an earlier stage and the expressions of Cytochrome C (Cyt C), Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma-2 family) and Bax (Bcl-2associated X protein) in rat brain tissues after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: Forty adult rats were divided into two groups, i.e., Group A ( the rats with untreated TBI) and Group B ( rats with HBO treatment after TBI). Sections of brain tissues of these two groups were then detected at 3,6,12,24,72 hours after TBI by immunohistochemistry and electronmicroscope, respectively.Results: HBO treatment could up-regulate the expression of Bcl-2 within 72 hours, reduce the release of Cyt C from mitochondria, attenuate the formation of dimeric Bax and alleviate the mitochondrial edema within 24 hours after TBI.Conclusions: HBO treatment can alleviate neuronal apoptosis after TBI by reducing the release of Cyt C and the dimers of Bax and up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2.

  11. Expression of p53, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in hepatocytes in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatol Panasiuk; Janusz Dzieciol; Bozena Panasiuk; Danuta Prokopowicz

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the protein expression essential for apoptosis in liver steatosis.METHODS: The expression of proapoptotic proteinsp53, Bax, and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 in hepatocytes with steatosis (SH) and without steatosis (NSH) was evaluated in 84 patients at various stages of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining of liver tissue showed the activation of p53 protein in SH and NSH with increased liver steatosis, diminished Bcl-2 and slightly decreased Bax protein. Positive correlation was found between the stage of liver steatosis with p53 expression in SH (r = 0.54, P < 0.01) and NSH (r = 0.49,P < 0.01).The antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 was diminished together with the advancement of liver steatosis, especially in non-steatosed hepatocytes (r =0.43, P < 001).CONCLUSION: Apoptosis is one of the most important mechanisms leading to hepatocyte elimination in NAFLD. The intensification of inflammation in NAFLD induces proapoptotic protein p53 with the inhibition of antiapoptotic Bcl-2.

  12. Bcl-2 gene family expression in the brain of rat offspring after gestational and lactational dioxin exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Shwu-Fen; Sun, Yu-Yo; Yang, Liang-Yo; Hu, Ssu-Yao; Tsai, Shih-Ying; Lee, Wen-Sen; Lee, Yi-Hsuan

    2005-05-01

    Recent epidemiological studies have shown that dioxin, a persistent organic pollutant, is related to cognitive and behavioral abnormalities in the offspring of exposed cohort. In order to investigate the possible impact of dioxin in survival gene expression during brain development, we established an animal model of gestational and lactational dioxin-exposed rat offspring. The expressions of dioxin-responsive gene cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), apoptotic gene Bax, and anti-apoptotic genes Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL were examined in rat liver and brains using Western blot analysis and RT-PCR. The results showed that treatment of pregnant rats with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) (2 microg/kg body weight through oral delivery) at gestation day 15 resulted in an increase of Bcl-xL in offspring male liver and cerebral cortex, but a decrease in female offspring. In contrast, the expression of Bcl-xL in the cerebellum was decreased in male, but increased in female. Bcl-2, another anti-apoptotic gene, was also downregulated in P0 female liver, cerebral cortex, but was not observed in male. In the 4-month-old offspring, however, the Bcl-2 protein levels in the liver and cerebellum of both male and female pups were higher in the TCDD group as compared with the control group. However, the Bcl-2 level in the cerebral cortex of TCDD-treated groups was higher than the control group only in female but not male offspring at 4 months old. The expression of Bax showed no significant changes upon TCDD exposure at P0 stage, but was significantly reduced in the 4-month-old male cortex. These results indicate that early exposure of dioxin could affect the development of certain brain regions with gender difference, in terms of its differential effect on expressions of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, and Bax.

  13. Expression and distribution of S-100 protein, CD83 and apoptosis-related proteins (Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in thyroid tissues of autoimmune thyroid diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WC Xu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have shown that dendritic cells (DCs and apoptosis-related proteins play a critical role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATD.This study was designed to investigate the expression and distribution of S-100 protein, CD83 and apoptosis-related proteins (Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 in the thyroid tissues of ATD and their role in ATD pathogenesis as determined by immunochemical staing techniques and other methods. Pathological tissues of 30 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT, 30 patients with Graves' disease (GD and 30 cases of thyroid follicular adenoma (TFA, as control were used for this study. A higher expression of S-100 in HT (4.2±3.1% and GD (3.9±2.8% vs TFA (0.95±0.64% (p<0.001. was observed as well as a higher expression of CD83 in HT (22.58±13.96% and GD (29.92±14.43% vs TFA (5.19±8.08% (p<0.001. HT thyrocytes adjacent to thyroid infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs showed greater increases in the levels of Fas and FasL than did the GD thyrocytes while HT TILs exhibited lower expression of Fas and FasL than did the GD TILs. GD thyrocytes expressed increased levels of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl- 2 as compared to the low levels detected in HT thyrocytes. An opposite pattern was observed in the TILs in GD (low expression of Bcl-2 and HT (high expression of Bcl-2. The findings suggest that the high expression of DC markers is related to the pathogenesis of HT and GD. Up-regulation of both the number and matured functions of DCs may lead to the presentation of more antigens to lymphocytes which are related to the development of autoimmune thyroid diseases. The regulation of Fas/FasL/Bcl-2 in GD favors apoptosis of infiltrating lymphocytes and thyrocyte survival. The regulation of Fas/FasL/Bcl-2 in HT may promote thyrocyte apoptosis leading to hypothyroidism.

  14. Inhibition of constitutively activated Stat3 correlates with altered Bcl-2/Bax expression and induction of apoptosis in mycosis fungoides tumor cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, M; Kaestel, C G; Eriksen, K W

    1999-01-01

    promotor. The decreased ability of Stat3 to bind DNA precedes dynamic alterations in the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and pro-apoptotic Bax proteins (decreased Bcl-2 expression and increased Bax expression) and induction of apoptosis. Thus, our data suggest that the involvement of Stat3 in oncogenic...

  15. MicroRNAs expression in ox-LDL treated HUVECs: MiR-365 modulates apoptosis and Bcl-2 expression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qin, Bing; Xiao, Bo [Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008 (China); Liang, Desheng [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078 (China); Xia, Jian; Li, Ye [Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008 (China); Yang, Huan, E-mail: yangh69@yahoo.cn [Department of Neurology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008 (China)

    2011-06-24

    Highlights: {yields} We evaluated the role of miRNAs in ox-LDL induced apoptosis in ECs. {yields} We found 4 up-regulated and 11 down-regulated miRNAs in apoptotic ECs. {yields} Target genes of the dysregulated miRNAs regulate ECs apoptosis and atherosclerosis. {yields} MiR-365 promotes ECs apoptosis via suppressing Bcl-2 expression. {yields} MiR-365 inhibitor alleviates ECs apoptosis induced by ox-LDL. -- Abstract: Endothelial cells (ECs) apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is thought to play a critical role in atherosclerosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs that posttranscriptionally regulate the expression of genes involved in diverse cell functions, including differentiation, growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. However, whether miRNAs are associated with ox-LDL induced apoptosis and their effect on ECs is still unknown. Therefore, this study evaluated potential miRNAs and their involvement in ECs apoptosis in response to ox-LDL stimulation. Microarray and qRT-PCR analysis performed on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to ox-LDL identified 15 differentially expressed (4 up- and 11 down-regulated) miRNAs. Web-based query tools were utilized to predict the target genes of the differentially expressed miRNAs, and the potential target genes were classified into different function categories with the gene ontology (GO) term and KEGG pathway annotation. In particular, bioinformatics analysis suggested that anti-apoptotic protein B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) is a target gene of miR-365, an apoptomir up-regulated by ox-LDL stimulation in HUVECs. We further showed that transfection of miR-365 inhibitor partly restored Bcl-2 expression at both mRNA and protein levels, leading to a reduction of ox-LDL-mediated apoptosis in HUVECs. Taken together, our findings indicate that miRNAs participate in ox-LDL-mediated apoptosis in HUVECs. MiR-365 potentiates ox-LDL-induced ECs apoptosis by regulating the

  16. Bcl-2 Expression in the Aortas of Model Rats with Aldosterone-Producing Adenomas%Bcl-2在醛固酮腺瘤模型大鼠主动脉中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫永吉; 陈戬; 刘建和; 张劲松; 姜永明; 王光; 张海燕

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察醛固酮对主动脉Bcl-2表达的影响.方法:32只SD大鼠随机均分为4组:①空白溶剂设为对照(60%丙二醇+10%乙醇+30%双蒸水);②醛固酮腺瘤:泵入醛固酮(1μg/h);③醛固酮腺瘤+依普利酮组:依普利酮(100 mg·kg-1·d-1);④醛固酮腺瘤+肼苯哒嗪组:肼苯哒嗪(25 mg·kg-1·d-1).渗透泵内分别注入醛固酮或空白溶剂,然后将其埋植于大鼠背部皮下.8周后,免疫组织化学和免疫印迹检测主动脉Bcl-2的表达.结果:与对照组相比,腺瘤组大鼠主动脉Bcl-2表达显著减少(P<0.05);依普利酮能够拮抗醛固酮对Bcl-2表达的抑制作用(P<0.05).结论:醛固酮通过抑制Bcl-2表达,调节细胞凋亡状态,可能是醛固酮诱导主动脉重构的机制之一.%Objective: To observe the effect of aldosterone on Bcl-2 expression in the aorta. Methods: Thirtytwo male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups; vehicle (control), aldosterone-producing adenoma, aldosterone-producing adenoma plus eplerenone or hydralazine. They were then implanted with an osmotic mini-pump that infused either aldosterone or the vehicle. After 8 weeks, Bcl-2 was examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results:Compared with controls, the model rats with aldosterone-producing adenoma exhibited decreased aortic expression of Bcl-2. This effect of aldosterone was significantly reversed after co-treatment with eplerenone but not with hydralazine. Conclusions:This study's findings suggest that aldosterone directly suppresses aortic expression of Bcl-2 that may play an important role in aldosterone-induced aortic remodeling.

  17. High-throughput fluorescence polarization assay for chemical library screening against anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bfl-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Dayong; Godoi, Paulo; Sergienko, Eduard; Dahl, Russell; Chan, Xochella; Brown, Brock; Rascon, Justin; Hurder, Andrew; Su, Ying; Chung, Thomas D Y; Jin, Chaofang; Diaz, Paul; Reed, John C

    2012-03-01

    Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins occurs commonly in human cancers. Bfl-1 is highly expressed in some types of malignant cells, contributing significantly to tumor cell survival and chemoresistance. Therefore, it would be desirable to have chemical antagonists of Bfl-1. To this end, we devised a fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) using Bfl-1 protein and fluorescein-conjugated Bid BH3 peptide, which was employed for high-throughput screening of chemical libraries. Approximately 66 000 compounds were screened for the ability to inhibit BH3 peptide binding to Bfl-1, yielding 14 reproducible hits with ≥50% displacement. After dose-response analysis and confirmation using a secondary assay based on time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET), two groups of Bfl-1-specific inhibitors were identified, including chloromaleimide and sulfonylpyrimidine series compounds. FPAs generated for each of the six anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins demonstrated selective binding of both classes of compounds to Bfl-1. Analogs of the sulfonylpyrimidine series were synthesized and compared with the original hit for Bfl-1 binding by both FPAs and TR-FRET assays. The resulting structure-activity relation analysis led to the chemical probe compound CID-2980973 (ML042). Collectively, these findings demonstrate the feasibility of using the HTS assay for discovery of selective chemical inhibitors of Bfl-1.

  18. 胃癌变过程中Hp感染与凋亡基因Bcl-2表达相关性研究%Correlation between Helicobacter pylori infection and expression of Bcl - 2 gene in carcinogenesis of gastric muco

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爱群; 葛莲英; 罗元; 林思彤; 韦宗萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation among Helicobacter pylori ( Hp ) infection, expression and clinical significance of Bcl -2 in carcinogenesis of gastric mucosa. Methods Hp infection was detected by rapid urease Test, methylene blue and Warthin -Starry staining, while the expression of Bcl -2 and cell apoptosis were evaluated with immunohistochemical staining and TUNEL staining, respectively, in 62 cases of chronic superficial gastris ( CSG ), 55 cases of chronic atrophic gastric ( CAG ), 52 cases of intestinal melaplasia ( IM ), 46 cases of atypical hyperplasia ( AH ) and 65 cases of gastric carcinoma ( GC ). Results The infection of Hp and the positive Bcl - 2 expression increased with the carcinogenesis of gastric mucosa. The infection rates of Hp in CAG, IM, AH and GC were significantly higher than that in CSG ( P < 0. 05 ), with higher rate in GC than that in CAG ( P < 0. 05 ). Significantly higher expression of Bcl - 2 was revealed in IM, AH and GC than that in CSG ( P < 0. 05 ), so was in GC than that in IM ( P < 0. 01 ). Significantly higher positive rates of Bcl - 2 expression were observed in AH and GC with positive Hp infection than those with negative Hp infection ( P < 0. 05 ). The apoptosis indexes with positive Bcl - 2 in IM, AH and GC were significantly lower than those with negative Bcl - 2 ( P < 0. 05 ). Furthermore, the expression of Bcl - 2 protein in GC with Hp infection was closely correlated with tissue differentiation. The expression of Bcl - 2 with undifferentiation or poorly - differentiation was significantly higher than that with well - differentiation ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Hp infection up - regulates the expression of Bcl -2 gene during the procession of gastric cancer, and inhibits cell apoptosis and differentiation in carcinogenesis.%目的 研究胃癌变过程中幽门螺杆菌(Hp)感染与凋亡基因Bcl-2表达、细胞凋亡和临床意义.方法 用快速尿素酶法、W-S银染法和美蓝法联合检测62

  19. Immunohistological expression of HIF-1α, GLUT-1, Bcl-2 and Ki-67 in consecutive biopsies during chemoradiotherapy in patients with rectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havelund, Birgitte Mayland; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Pløen, John;

    2013-01-01

    receiving preoperative CRT (>50.4 Gy and Uracil/Tegafur). Immunohistological expressions of HIF-1α, GLUT-1, Bcl-2 and Ki-67 were investigated in biopsies taken before treatment, after 2, 4 and 6 weeks of CRT and in specimens from the operation. Decreasing expressions of HIF-1α, Bcl-2 and Ki-67 were observed...

  20. Altered mitochondria and Bcl-2 expression in the hippocampal CA3 region in a rat model of acute epilepsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiyan Cheng; Lina Wu; Qiaozhi Wang; Yanfeng Gan; Guangyi Liu; Hong Yu

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the mitochondrial structure and function are damaged in animal models of epilepsy. In addition, the Bcl-2 protein is capable of regulating mitochondrial stability.OBJECTIVE: To observe and validate changes in mitochondrial structure and Bcl-2 expression, and to analyze these characteristics in the hippocampal CA3 region of rat models of epilepsy. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: This randomized, controlled, animal experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Electron Microscopy and Department of Histology and Embryology, Luzhou Medical College between 2007 and 2008.MATERIALS: Coriamyrtin was provided by the Pharmacy Factory of West China University of Medical Sciences. The primary and secondary antibodies were provided by Zhongshan Goldenbridge Biotechnology, Beijing.METHODS: A total of 44 adult, male, Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control (n=11) and epilepsy (n=33) groups. Rats in the epilepsy group were induced by coriamyrtin (50μg/kg), which was injected into the lateral ventricles. The rats were then observed at 3, 6, and 24 hours after epilepsy induction, with 11 rats at each time point. Epilepsy was not induced in rats from the control group.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pathological changes in the hippocampal CA3 region were observed by light microscopy; Bcl-2 expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry; and mitochondrial changes in the hippocampus were observed under transmission electron microscopy.RESULTS: (1) The control group displayed very little Bcl-2 protein expression in the hippocampal CA3 region. However, after 3 hours of epilepsy, expression was visible. By 6 hours, expression peaked and then subsequently decreased after 24 hours, but remained higher than the control group (P<0.05). (2) Mitochondria were damaged to varying degrees in the epilepsy groups. For example, mitochondria edema, cristae space increase, and disappearance of mitochondria were apparent. Moreover, mitochondrial damage

  1. An Assay of Bax and Bcl2 Expression in Mice Hippocampus Following Ischemia-Reperfusion Treatment with CoQ10

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Hassanshahi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Preliminary studies confirmed reduction of cell death following treatment with antioxidants. According to this finding we investigated the relationship between consumption of CoQ10 and expression of bax and bcl2 in hippocampus ischemia that this expression related to cell programmed death.Material and Methods: We studied the protective role of CoQ10 against ischemia-reperfusion. Experimental design includes four groups: intact (N=7, ischemic control (N=7, sham control (N=7 and treatment groups with CoQ10 (N=7. The mice (treatment group treated with CoQ10 as Pre-Treatment for a week. Then, ischemia induced by common carotid artery ligation and following the reduction in inflammation (a week the treatment group post-treated with CoQ10 for a week. Nissl staining applied to counting necrotic cells of hippocampus and the western blotting performed to measurement the bax and bcl2 expression. Tunnel kit was used to quantify apoptotic cell death while to short term memory scale, we apply Y-maze.Results: Cell death was significantly lower when mice treated with CoQ10. Bax expression was significantly high in ischemic group but in treatment group was less and reversely the bcl2 expression in ischemic group was lower than treatment and vehicle groups. The memory test results were consistent with cell death results. Conclusion: Ischemia for 15 minutes induced cell death in hippocampus with more potent effect on CA1. CoQ10 intake significantly reduced cell death and decreased memory loss. with prevent of expression of bax and increase in expression of bcl2.

  2. Bcl-2和Bax在皮肤血管瘤组织中的表达及意义%Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in different phases of human dermal hemagniomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陕声国; 张端莲; 刘昱; 余瑛; 杨勇; 熊彦娥; 李红

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the function of Bcl-2 and Bax in the pathogenesis,development and regression of human hemangiomas.Methods We examined the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in proliferating versus involuting human hemangioma tissues and normal skin tissues using immunohistochemical technique.Results The expression of Bcl-2 in proliferating hemangiomas was significantly higher than that in involuting hemangiomas and normal skin tissues(P<0.01).No significant difference was found between the expression of Bcl-2 in involuting hemangiomas and that in normal skin tissues(P>0.05).The expression of Bax in involuting hemangiomas was significantly higher than that in proliferating hemangiomas and normal skin tissues(P<0.01);the expression of Bax in proliferating hemangiomas was significantly higher than that in normal skin tissues(P<0.05).Conclusion Bcl-2 and Bax participate in the development and involution of hemangioma,Bcl-2 plays a role in accelerating the proliferation of hemangioma by inhibiting the apoptosis of endothelial cells,and Bax promotes the switching from proliferation to involution in hemangiomas through inducing the apoptosis of endothelial cells.%目的 探讨Bcl-2和Bax在皮肤血管瘤发生、发展及退化过程中的作用及意义.方法 采用免疫组织化学方法(S-P法)检测人皮肤血管瘤增生期、退化期及正常组织中Bcl-2和Bax的表达水平.结果 Bcl-2在增生期血管瘤内皮细胞的表达明显高于退化期血管瘤内皮细胞和正常皮肤组织血管内皮细胞(P<0.01);Bcl-2在退化期血管瘤内皮细胞的表达与正常皮肤组织血管内皮细胞相比,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).Bax在退化期血管瘤内皮细胞的表达明显高于增生期血管瘤内皮细胞和正常皮肤组织血管内皮细胞(P<0.01);Bax在增生期血管瘤内皮细胞的表达高于正常皮肤组织血管内皮细胞(P<0.05).结论 Bcl-2和Bax参与了血管瘤的发生、发展和退化.Bcl-2通过

  3. Deletion of AU-rich elements within the Bcl2 3'UTR reduces protein expression and B cell survival in vivo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel D Díaz-Muñoz

    Full Text Available Post-transcriptional mRNA regulation by RNA binding proteins (RBPs associated with AU-rich elements (AREs present in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR of specific mRNAs modulates transcript stability and translation in eukaryotic cells. Here we have functionally characterised the importance of the AREs present within the Bcl2 3'UTR in order to maintain Bcl2 expression. Gene targeting deletion of 300 nucleotides of the Bcl2 3'UTR rich in AREs diminishes Bcl2 mRNA stability and protein levels in primary B cells, decreasing cell lifespan. Generation of chimeric mice indicates that Bcl2-ARE∆/∆ B cells have an intrinsic competitive disadvantage compared to wild type cells. Biochemical assays and predictions using a bioinformatics approach show that several RBPs bind to the Bcl2 AREs, including AUF1 and HuR proteins. Altogether, association of RBPs to Bcl2 AREs contributes to Bcl2 protein expression by stabilizing Bcl2 mRNA and promotes B cell maintenance.

  4. Expression of apoptosis-Related genes bcl-2 and bax in rat brain hippocampus, followed by intraperitoneal injection of nanosilver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Ghoshcian

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Silver nanoparticles are small scale substance (<100 nm used in food technology and medical industry. The data suggest that nanosilver may produce neurotoxicity by generating free radical-induced oxidative stress and by altering gene expression producing apoptosis and neurotoxicity. In this study, the apoptotic effects of Nano silver on apoptosis- related genes expression bcl-2 and bax on rat hippocampus, which is involved in memory and learning, was investigated. Materials & Methods: 28 male Wistar rats were divided into four groups of control and three groups of the treatment. The control group received saline and the treatment groups received intraperitoneal injections of silver nanoparticles at doses of 100, 200 and 400ppm. Ten days after the last injection, the hippocampal region was dissected and removed and then the expression of bcl-2 and bax genes was evaluated using semi-qualitative RT-PCR and Densitometry assay. Results: The expression of anti- apoptotic b-cl2 gene was reduced in the treatment groups compared to the control group. In comparison, the expression of pro- apoptotic bax gene was increased in the treatment groups compared to the control group. This apoptotic affects was increased at higher doses. Conclusion: The data suggest that silver nanoparticles may produce apoptosis by altering apoptosis- related genes expression, in rat brain hippocampus cells.

  5. TIEG1对HL-60细胞凋亡及Bcl-2/Bax表达的影响%Influence of TIEG1 on Apoptosis of HL-60 Cells and Expression of Bcl-2/Bax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鲲; 杨莹; 胡荣; 苗苗; 廖爱军; 杨威; 刘卓刚

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to investigate the influence of TIEG1 on apoptosis of HL-60 cells and the expression of Bcl-2/Bax.Different concentration of TIEG1 were used to treat HL-60 cells,the cell growth inhibition rate was detected by MTT method.After treating HL-60 cells with 12.03 ng/ml TIEG1,cell apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry.Bcl-2 and Bax was detected with RT-PCR.The results showed that TIEG1 had inhibitory effect on HL-60 cell proliferation,and in time-and dose-dependent manners.The more obvious inhibitory effect was observed in HL-60 cells treated with TIEG1 of 12.03 ng/ml.During the course of cell apoptosis,Bax expression increasied,but Bcl-2 expression decreased(P < 0.05).It is concluded that TIEG1 inhibits HL-60 cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in time and dose-dependent manners.During the course of HL-60 cells apoptosis induced by TIEG1,Bcl-2/Bax are assosciated with HL-60 cell apoptosis induced by TIEG1.%本研究旨在观察TIEG1对HL-60细胞凋亡及Bcl-2/Bax表达的影响.用不同浓度的TIEG1处理HL-60细胞,采用MTT法检测细胞生长抑制率.用12.03 ng/ml TIEG1处理HL-60细胞,以流式细胞术检测细胞凋亡,以RT-PCR方法检测Bcl-2及Bax的表达变化.结果表明,TIEG1对HL-60细胞具有增殖抑制作用,其抑制效应呈时间及剂量依赖性.TIEG1 12.03 ng/ml增殖抑制作用较为明显.在细胞凋亡过程中,Bax表达呈升高趋势,而Bcl-2呈下降趋势(P<0.05).结论:TIEG1可以抑制HL-60细胞增殖,进而诱导其凋亡,且呈时间、剂量依赖性.在TIEG1诱导HL-60细胞凋亡的过程中,Bcl-2/Bax与TIEG1诱导HL-60细胞凋亡相关.

  6. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is essential for kit ligand-mediated survival, whereas interleukin-3 and flt3 ligand induce expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family genes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Richard; Engström, Maria; Jönsson, Maria;

    2003-01-01

    not sustain their expression. Moreover, use of inhibitors implied that IL-3 was mainly exerting its effect on Bcl-2 at the level of transcription. The addition of LY294002 did not affect the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, and thus, we conclude that expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family member genes......Cytokines such as interleukin 3 (IL-3), kit ligand (KL), and flt3 ligand (FL) promote survival of hematopoietic stem cells and myeloid progenitor cells. In many cell types, members of the Bcl-2 gene family are major regulators of survival, but the mediating mechanisms are not fully understood...... is not dependent on PI-3 kinase activity. Our results indicate that cytokines exert distinct survival effects and that FL and IL-3 are capable of sustaining progenitor survival by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and related genes....

  7. Lewis y enhances CAM-DR in ovarian cancer cells by activating the FAK signaling pathway and upregulating Bcl-2/Bcl-XL expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Limei; Wang, Changzhi; Lin, Bei; Liu, Juanjuan; Liu, Dawo; Hou, Rui; Wang, Yifei; Gao, Lili; Zhang, Shulan; Iwamori, Masao

    2015-06-01

    Oligosaccharides on the surface of adhesion molecules may contribute to the process of CAM-DR. To investigate the role of the Lewis y antigen in this process, we established a cell adhesion model mediated by the integrin α5β1-FN interaction in the ovarian cancer cell line, RMG-1-hFUT, which highly expresses Lewis y by transfection with α1,2-fucosyltransferase into RMG-1 cells. Our results indicate that the rates of carboplatin-induced apoptosis and necrosis are reduced in FN-adhered tumor cells, and carboplatin resistance is significantly decreased in the presence of anti-Lewis y antibody. CAM-DR in tumor cells has been correlated with elevated expression of the nuclear anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL. Lewis y promotes the expression of the Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL genes by activating the focal adhesion kinase signaling pathway and accelerating their transcription. Thus, Lewis y leads to inhibition of apoptosis and enhancement of CAM-DR by activation of the FAK signaling pathway and upregulation of Bcl-2/Bcl-XL expression in ovarian cancer cell lines. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. and Société Française de Biochimie et Biologie Moléculaire (SFBBM). All rights reserved.

  8. Inhibition of NF-κB, Bcl-2 and COX-2 Gene Expression by an Extract of Eruca sativa Seeds during Rat Mammary Gland Carcinogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Rahman, Salah; Shaban, Nadia; Haggag, Amany; Awad, Doaa; Bassiouny, Ahmad; Talaat, Iman

    2015-01-01

    The effect of Eruca sativa seed extract (SE) on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) gene expression levels was investigated in rat mammary gland carcinogenesis induced by 7,12 dimethylbenz(α)anthracene (DMBA). DMBA increased NF-κB, COX-2 and Bcl-2 gene expression levels and lipid peroxidation (LP), while, decreased glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and total antioxidant concentration (TAC) compared to the control group. After DMBA administration, SE treatment reduced NF-κB, COX-2 and Bcl-2 gene expression levels and LP. Hence, SE treatment reduced inflammation and cell proliferation, while increasing apoptosis, GST and SOD activities and TAC. Analysis revealed that SE has high concentrations of total flavonoids, triterpenoids, alkaloids and polyphenolic compounds such as gallic, chlorogenic, caffeic, 3,4-dicaffeoyl quinic, 3,5-dicaffeoyl quinic, tannic, cinnamic acids, catechin and phloridzin. These findings indicate that SE may be considered a promising natural product from cruciferous vegetables against breast cancer, especially given its high antioxidant properties.

  9. Oleanolic acid from Prunella Vulgaris L. induces SPC-A-1 cell line apoptosis via regulation of Bax, Bad and Bcl-2 expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Liang; Au-Yeung, Wai; Xu, You-Hua; Wang, Shan-Shan; Zhu, Quan; Xiang, Ping

    2011-01-01

    Prunella vulgaris L. (PV) has been used as a herb for chemoprevention of lung cancer. In this study, the main active compound, oleanolic acid (OA) was isolated from an ethanol extract and its chemical structure was identified according to the results of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrography (LC-MS). Results for cell viability indictated no notable differences between OA and ethanol extract of PV in lung adenocarcinoma SPC-A-1 cells measured by MTT assay. Consistent concentration-response curves. Fluorescence detection with acridine orange-ethidium bromide was used to evaluate apoptosis of SPC-A-1 cells. OA at 16 and 8 microM group increased significantly the apoptosis rate compared with normal and 1% DMSO groups (p<0.05). In addition, immunocytochemistry assays showed increase in Bax and Bad protein expression while Bcl-2 decreased. Moreover, the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 was heightened by OA treatment. The results suggest OA induced apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells through down-regulating Bcl-2 expression, and up-regulating Bax and Bad expression.

  10. Neuroprotective effects of a mitochondrial K+-ATP channel opener (diazoxide) are mediated by Bcl-2 expression upregulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Majid Katebi; Mansooreh Soleimani; Mehdi Mehdizadeh

    2011-01-01

    Mitochondrial K+-ATP (mito-KATP) channels play an important role in cellular function and survival following ischemic stress. The present results revealed that intervention with diazoxide, a mito-KATP channel opener, led to an increase in Bcl-2 expression in the cerebral cortex of rats subjected to cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. In addition, the intervention also led to clear improvements in neuronal mitochondrial morphology and consciousness post-injury. Glibenclamide, a mito-KATP channel blocker, exhibited the converse effects. Both diazoxide and glibenclamide exerted dose-dependent effects (in particular, at 18 mg/kg diazoxide and 25 mg/kg glibenclamide). These findings suggest that diazoxide exerts a neuroprotective effect on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury by opening mito-KATP channels and upregulating Bcl-2 expression.

  11. Hypoxia upregulates Bcl-2 expression and suppresses interferon-gamma induced antiangiogenic activity in human tumor derived endothelial cells.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Wang, Jiang Huai

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: Hypoxia in solid tumors potentially stimulates angiogenesis by promoting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production and upregulating VEGF receptor expression. However, it is unknown whether hypoxia can modulate the effect of anti-angiogenic treatment on tumor-derived endothelium. METHODS: Human tumor-derived endothelial cells (HTDEC) were freshly isolated from surgically removed human colorectal tumors by collagenase\\/DNase digestion and Percol gradient sedimentation. Cell proliferation was assessed by measuring BrdU incorporation, and capillary tube formation was measured using Matrigel. Cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and ELISA, and Bcl-2 expression was detected by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Under aerobic culture conditions (5% CO2 plus 21% O2) HTDEC expressed less Bcl-2 and were more susceptible to IFN-gamma-induced apoptosis with significant reductions in both cell proliferation and capillary tube formation, when compared with normal human macrovascular and microvascular EC. Following exposure of HTDEC to hypoxia (5% CO2 plus 2% O2), IFN-gamma-induced cell apoptosis, and antiangiogenic activity (i.e. an inhibition in cell proliferation and capillary tube formation) in HTDEC were markedly attenuated. This finding correlated with hypoxia-induced upregulation of Bcl-2 expression in HTDEC. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that hypoxia can protect HTDEC against IFN-gamma-mediated cell death and antiangiogenic activity, and suggest that improvement of tumor oxygenation may potentiate the efficacy of anti-cancer therapies specifically targeting the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis.

  12. Effects of folic acid on epithelial apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and p53 in premalignant gastric lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Da-Zhong Cao; Wei-Hao Sun; Xi-Long Ou; Qian Yu; Ting Yu; You-Zhen Zhang; Zi-Ying Wu; Qi-Ping Xue; Yun-Lin Cheng

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the effects of folic acid on epithelial apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and p53 in the tissues of premalignant gastric lesions.METHODS: Thirty-eight patients, with premalignant gastric lesions including 18 colonic-type intestinal metaplasia(IM)and 20 mild or moderate dysplasia, were randomly divided into a treatment group (n = 19) receiving folic acid 10 mg thrice daily and a control group (n = 19) receiving sucralfate 1 000 mg thrice daily for 3 mo. All patients undervvent endoscopies and four biopsies were taken prior to treatment and repeated after concluding therapy.Folate concentrations in gastric mucosa were measured with chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay. Epithelial apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 and p53 protein in gastric mucosa were detected with flow cytometric assay.RESULTS: The mean of folate concentration in gastric mucosa was 9.03±3.37 μg/g wet wt in the folic acid treatment group, which was significantly higher than 6.83±3.02 μg/g wet wt in the control group. Both the epithelial apoptosis rate and the tumor suppressor p53expression in gastric mucosa significantly increased after folic acid treatment. In contrast, the expression of Bcl-2oncogene protein decreased after folic acid therapy.CONCLUSION: These data indicate that folic acid may play an important role in the chemoprevention of gastric carcinogenesis by enhancing gastric epithelial apoptosis in the patients with premalignant lesions.

  13. P53和Bcl-2蛋白在基底细胞癌中的表达及临床意义%Expression of protein P53 and Bcl-2 in basal cell carcinoma and its clinical significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏荣

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨P53、B细胞淋巴瘤/白血病-2基因(bcl-2)蛋白在基底细胞癌(BCC)组织中的表达及临床意义。方法用免疫组化链霉素抗生素蛋白-过氧化物酶连结(SP)法检测P53、Bcl-2蛋白在40例BCC(BCC组)组织中的表达,以20例正常皮肤组织作为对照组。结果 P53、Bcl-2蛋白在BCC组表达阳性率分别为55%(22/40)、85%(34/40),在对照组表达阳性率分别为15%(3/20)、10%(2/20)。P53、Bcl-2蛋白在BCC组中的表达明显强于对照组,差异有统计学意义(χ2=6.35、7.45,P<0.01)。结论 P53、Bcl-2蛋白的异常表达与BCC相关,说明其可能在BCC的发生及发展过程中起重要作用。%Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of protein P53 and B cell lymphom/leukemia-2 gene(Bcl-2) in basal cell carcinoma(BCC). Methods The expression of protein P53 and Bcl-2 was measured by streptavidin-peroxidase(SP) immunohistochemical method in 40 cases of BCC(BCC group),and 20 cases of normal skin tissue were selected as control group. Results The positive rates of protein P53 and Bcl-2 in the BCC group were 55%(22/40) and 85%(34/40) respectively,while they were 15%(3/20) and 10%(2/20) respectively in the control group. The expression of pro-tein P53 and Bcl-2 in the BCC group was significantly stronger than that in the control group with statistically significant differ ence(χ2=6.35,7.45;P<0.01). Conclusion The abnormal expression of protein P53 and Bcl-2 is related with BCC,which shows that protein P53 and Bcl-2 might play an important role in the occurrence and development of BCC .

  14. Expression of Bcl-2 and Ki-67 in the endometria diseases%Bcl-2和Ki-67对子宫内膜病变价值的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文华清; 耿源源; 胡红文; 王海涛; 尹伟; 罗应彪

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To explore the expression of the Bcl-2 and Ki-67 in the endometrial. Methods:Detecting the expression of Bcl-2 and Ki-67 in the endometrial, including 25 cases of normal endometrial tissues, 150 cases of hyperplasia endometrial tissues, 75 cases of endometrial polyps tissues and 50 cases of endometrial cancer by the technology of immunohistochemistry. Results:In normal endometria, hyperplasia endometrial, endometrial polyps, endometrial cancer the posive expression rates of Bcl-2 was 84%, 62.67%, 70.67%, 38%; while those of Ki-67 was 12%, 37.33%, 17.33%, 82%. Both the expression of Bcl-2 and Ki-67 were correlated with histologic differentiation(P0.05). Conclusion:The positive expression in endometrial cancers were correlated with histologic differentiation, and it concluded that Bcl-2 and Ki-67 could be related with the endometrial cancers and normal endometrial. The expression of Bcl-2 and Ki-67 in endometrial carcinoma,in the existence of negative correlation,suggesting the application of immunohistochemical SP method for simultaneous detection of endometrial tissue in the Bcl-2,Ki-67 in abnormal protein expression, may contribute to the early detection of endometrial cancer for the early prediction of endometrial cancer and found a reference of the indicators.%目的:通过检测子宫内膜病变组织中Bcl-2和Ki-67蛋白的表达,探讨应用Bcl-2和Ki-67蛋白测定在鉴别子宫内膜病变方面的价值.方法:应用免疫组化技术SP法检测25例正常子宫内膜组织、150例子宫内膜增生症组织、75例子宫内膜息肉组织、50例子宫内膜癌组织中Bcl-2和Ki-67蛋白的表达情况.结果:Bcl-2蛋白在正常子宫内膜组织、子宫内膜增生症(单纯型、复杂型、不典型)组织、子宫内膜息肉组织、子宫内膜癌组织的阳性表达率呈递减趋势,而Ki-67的阳性表达率呈递增趋势.子宫内膜癌组织与正常子宫内膜组织、子宫内膜增生症组织、子宫内膜息肉组织的Bcl

  15. Intermittent hypoxia attenuates ischemia/reperfusion induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes via regulating Bcl-2/Bax expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Intermittent hypoxia has been shown to provide myocardial protection against ishemia/reperfusion-induced injury.Cardiac myocyte loss through apoptosis has been reported in ischemia/reperfusion injury. Our aim was to investigate whether intermittent hypoxia could attenuate ischemia/reperfusion-induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes and its potential mechanisms. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to hypoxia simulated 5000 m in a hypobaric chamber for 6 h/day, lasting 42 days. Normoxia group rats were kept under normoxic conditions. Isolated perfused hearts from both groups were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 60 min reperfusion.Incidence of apoptosis in cardiac myocytes was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. Expressions of apoptosis related proteins,Bax and Bcl-2, in cytosolic and membrane fraction were detected by Western Blotting. After ischemia/reperfusion,enhanced recovery of cardiac function was observed in intermittent hypoxia hearts compared with normoxia group.Ischemia/reperfusion-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by TUNEL-positive nuclei and DNA fragmentation, was significantly reduced in intermittent hypoxia group compared with normoxia group. After ischemia/reperfusion,expression of Bax in both cytosolic and membrane fractions was decreased in intermittent hypoxia hearts compared with normoxia group. Although ischemia/reperfusion did not induce changes in the level of Bcl-2 expression in cytosolic fraction between intermittent hypoxia and normoxia groups, the expression of Bcl-2 in membrane fraction was upregulated in intermittent hypoxia group compared with normoxia group. These results indicated that the cardioprotection of intermittent hypoxia against ischemia/reperfusion injury appears to be in part due to reduce myocardial apoptosis. Intermittent hypoxia attenuated ischemia/reperfusion-induced apoptosis via increasing the ratio of Bcl

  16. Comparision between indirect immunofluorescence assay and in situ hybridization assay in detecting the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax in acute leukemia%间接免疫荧光法和原位杂交法检测急性白血病中Bcl-2Bcl-2/Bax表达的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑢; 李玲; 温丙昭

    2005-01-01

    目的:比较两种不同方法检测急性白血病(AL)患者Bcl-2Bcl-2/Bax表达情况.方法:采用链亲和素-胶体金原位杂交法(ISH-SAG)和间接免疫荧光法对57例AL患者的Bcl-2Bcl-2/Bax进行检测.结果:(1) ISH-SAG法中,完全缓解(CR)组Bcl-2细胞表达率高于间接免疫荧光法,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).(2) Bcl-2Bcl-2/Bax检测均显示ISH-SAG法的特异度、准确度、阳性预测值、阴性预测值、阳性似然比、阴性似然比优于间接免疫荧光法;Bcl-2/Bax检测也显示ISH-SAG法较间接免疫荧光法高.(3)ISH-SAG法中Bcl-2细胞表达率和积分值的阳性检出率无差别.结论:(1) ISH-SAG法测定Bcl-2Bcl-2/Bax优于间接免疫荧光法.(2)ISH-SAG法中Bcl-2积分值临床应用价值不大.

  17. Ulipristal Acetate Inhibits Progesterone Receptor Isoform A-Mediated Human Breast Cancer Proliferation and BCl2-L1 Expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Esber

    Full Text Available The progesterone receptor (PR with its isoforms and ligands are involved in breast tumorigenesis and prognosis. We aimed at analyzing the respective contribution of PR isoforms, PRA and PRB, in breast cancer cell proliferation in a new estrogen-independent cell based-model, allowing independent PR isoforms analysis. We used the bi-inducible human breast cancer cell system MDA-iPRAB. We studied the effects and molecular mechanisms of action of progesterone (P4 and ulipristal acetate (UPA, a new selective progesterone receptor modulator, alone or in combination. P4 significantly stimulated MDA-iPRA expressing cells proliferation. This was associated with P4-stimulated expression of the anti-apoptotic factor BCL2-L1 and enhanced recruitment of PRA, SRC-1 and RNA Pol II onto the +58 kb PR binding motif of the BCL2-L1 gene. UPA decreased cell proliferation and repressed BCL2-L1 expression in the presence of PRA, correlating with PRA and SRC1 but not RNA Pol II recruitment. These results bring new information on the mechanism of action of PR ligands in controlling breast cancer cell proliferation through PRA in an estrogen independent model. Evaluation of PR isoforms ratio, as well as molecular signature studies based on PRA target genes could be proposed to facilitate personalized breast cancer therapy. In this context, UPA could be of interest in endocrine therapy. Further confirmation in the clinical setting is required.

  18. Protective Effect of Isoflurane and Sevoflurane on Ischemic Neurons and Expression of Bcl-2 and ICE Genes in Rat Brain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To study the protective effect of volatile anesthetics, isoflurane and sevoflurane, on ischemic neurons after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats and its possible molecular mechanism. Methods Rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model was developed by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and bilateral common carotid arteries (CCAs) 1 h after reperfusion. Using flow cytometry (FCM) and Northern blot hybridization, we calculated the number of apoptotic bodies and detected the expression of bcl-2 mRNA and interleukin-1 β converting enzyme (ICE) mRNA. Results The apoptotic bodies in hippocampus analyzed by FCM peaked at appeared 24 h after reperfusion, and decreased about 54% and 40%, respectively,after treatment with isoflurane and sevoflurane, as compared with ischemic group. There was no significant difference in the expression of bcl-2 mRNA and ICE mRNA between the inhaled anesthetic groups and ischemic group in hippocampus 24 hafter MCA/CCAs occlusion. Conclusion Isoflurane and sevoflurane partially inhibit apoptosis but have no significant effect on the expression of bcl-2 and ICE genes.

  19. Virosecurinine induces apoptosis by affecting Bcl-2 and Bax expression in human colon cancer SW480 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chuan-Rong; Xia, Yong-Hui; Yao, Shu-Yan; Zhang, Qing; Wang, Ying; Ji, Zhao-Ning

    2012-04-01

    Virosecurinine, the major alkaloid isolated from Securinega suffruticosa Pall Rehd was found to exhibit growth inhibition and cytotoxicity against huaman colon cancer SW480 cells via the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Due to its greater cytotoxic potency and selectivity towards SW480 cells, flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle distribution of control and treated SW480 cells whereas Annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry analysis was carried out to confirm apoptosis induced by virosecurinine in SW480 cells. Apoptotic regulatory genes were determined by RT-PCR analysis. Virosecurinine was found to induce G1/S cell cycle arrest which led to predominantly apoptotic mode of cell death. Mechanistically, virosecurinine was found to up-regulated the Bax gene expression and down-regulated the Bcl-2 expression in SW480, The ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax was significantly decreased. Hence, we suggest that virosecurinine induced apoptosis in SW480 cells by affecting the expression of bcl-2 and bax.

  20. Melatonin restores normal Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in pinealectomized rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shengchang Zhang; Shuang Zhao; Lu Bai; Mingming Guan; Jielin Mo; Ling Lan

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we sought to elucidate the effects of melatonin on learning and memory as well as apoptosis and expression of the Bax or Bcl-2 proteins in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in pinealectomized rats. Using the Morris water maze and the olfactory memory tests, we found that the average escape latency in pinealectomized rats was clearly increased compared with sham-operated rats. Moreover, the average escape latency in the melatonin-treated and pinealectomized rats was longer than that in the sham-operated rats and shorter than that in the pinealectomized and untreated rats. Immunohistochemistry and terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) showed that there were fewer Bax immunoreactive cells and TUNEL-positive (apoptotic) cells but more Bcl-2 immunoreactive cells in the melatonin-treated rats compared with the pinealectomized rats. The sham-operated rats showed numbers of these cells similar to the melatonin-treated rats. These experimental findings demonstrate that melatonin treatment may reduce abnormal apoptosis by promoting gene expression of Bax and suppressing gene expression of Bcl-2 in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in pinealectomized rats. These effects appear to result in the inhibition of cellular apoptosis and the improvement of spatial learning and memory in pinealectomized rats.

  1. Expressions and significances of Fas/FasL and Bcl - 2 in placentae of cases with preeclampsia%Fas/FasL及Bcl-2在子痫前期胎盘的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施蕾; 龚护民; 茹美艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the changes of expressions of Fas antigen (Fas) and its ligand (FasL), Bcl - 2 in syncytiotrophoblast of placentae of pregnant women with preeclampsia and their significances. Methods: Immunohistochemical SP method was used to detect the expression levels of Fas, FasL and Bcl -2 in placental tissues of 20 normal late pregnant women (normal late pregnancy group),20 pregnant women with mild preeclampsia ( mild preeclampsia group) and 20 pregnant women with severe preeclampsia ( severe preeclampsia group) . Results: Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 mainly expressed in cytoplasm and cell membrane of placental syncytiotrophoblast. The expression levels of FasL and Bcl - 2 in mild preeclampsia group and severe preeclampsia group were ( 62. 28 ± 4. 92 ), ( 80. 67 ± 6. 19 ) and (41.74 ±6.38), (64.42 ±5.43), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in normal late pregnancy group [ (80.72 ±6. 01 ), (92. 49 ± 7. 88)] (P < 0. 01 ) . The expression levels of Fas in mild preeclampsia group and severe preeclampsia group were (55.94 ±4. 35) and (75.98 ± 6. 01 ), respectively, which were significantly higher than that in normal late pregnancy group (40. 58 ±5.43 ) ( P < 0. 01 ) . Conclusion: The unbalance of Fas, FasL and Bcl - 2 expressions in placental syncytiotrophoblast of pregnant women with preeclampsia may be related to the occurrence and development of preeclampsia.%目的:探讨Fas抗原(Fas)及其配体(FasL)、Bcl-2在子痫前期患者胎盘合体滋养细胞中的表达变化及其意义.方法:采用免疫组化链霉菌抗生物素蛋白-过氧化物酶(SP)连接法检测20例正常晚期妊娠妇女(正常晚孕组)、20例轻度子痫前期产妇(轻度子痫前期组)及20例重度子痫前期产妇(重度子痫前期组)胎盘组织中Fas、FasL及Bcl-2表达水平.结果:Fas、FasL及Bcl-2主要表达于胎盘合体滋养细胞胞质及胞膜中.FasL、Bcl-2在轻度子痫前期组(62.28±4.92、80.67±6.19)

  2. Germ cell apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in porcine testis under normal and heat stress conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xiaorui; Xi, Huaming; Zhang, Zhen; Liang, Yajun; Li, Qinghong; He, Junping

    2017-04-01

    The aim of this study was to examine whether an elevated ambient temperature (37-40°C) had an effect on the apoptosis of germ cells and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in porcine testis. Six boars were used. Three boars were subjected to an elevated ambient temperature (37-40°C, 7days, 3h per day) as a heat stress (HS) group. The other 3 boars were kept in a room temperature house (20-27°C) as a control group. All boars were castrated and the testes were harvested. TUNEL assay was used for the detection of apoptotic cells. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR were used to analyze protein and mRNA levels of Bcl-2 and Bax in response to heat treatment. The results showed that apoptotic signals increased under heat stress conditions compared with the control (PBax protein and mRNA did not show significant changes between the control and experimental group. Low to moderate Bax immunoreactivity staining was observed in all kinds of germ cells in the control group. Strong staining was observed in spermatogonia, and low to moderate Bax staining was observed in spermatocytes and spermatids. A redistribution of Bax from a cytoplasmic to perinuclear or nuclear localization could be observed in the spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids obtained in the heat treated group. These results showed that elevated ambient temperatures induced germ cell apoptosis. In response to heat stress, the expression of Bcl-2 increased and a redistribution of Bax from a cytoplasmic to a perinuclear or nuclear localization. This indicates that Bcl-2 and Bax may be involved in regulation of germ cell apoptosis induced by heat stress in boars. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  3. Bcl-2 expression during amelogenesis in mouse molars%Bcl-2在成釉细胞分化、分泌过程中的表达研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于西佼; 唐开亮; 杜毅; 李纾

    2012-01-01

    目的:检测凋亡调控抑制蛋白Bcl-2在成釉细胞分化、分泌过程中的表达,观察细胞超微结构的变化,探讨Bcl-2和细胞凋亡在该过程的可能作用.方法:制备出生后2、5、7、9、14 d不同发育阶段的BALB/C小鼠下颌第一磨牙牙胚标本,采用原位末端标记法(TUNEL法)和PV免疫组织化学技术观察成釉细胞分化、分泌和釉质发育完成各阶段细胞凋亡以及Bcl-2的表达情况;透射电镜观察细胞超微结构的变化.结果:出生后第2~5天,小鼠下颌第一磨牙成釉细胞处于分化期,超微结构可见胞浆内有高尔基复合体和线粒体,并有细胞增生的核分裂;免疫组化结果显示Bcl-2阳性表达,TUNEL检测结果发现部分细胞胞核阳性表达,提示细胞凋亡的存在;出生后第7天,成釉细胞已开始分泌,可见新形成的釉质,胞核远基底排列,胞核附近可见大量线粒体,胞质内可见大量高尔基复合体和粗面内质网,胞浆呈Bcl-2强阳性表达,TUNEL检测结果发现少量细胞胞核阳性表达;出生后14 d,釉质发育完成,成釉细胞变短,间隙变大,细胞器数量减少,核膜逐渐不清,核糖体脱颗粒水肿,呈现凋亡征象,胞浆未见Bcl-2阳性表达.结论:细胞凋亡在釉质发育的各期皆有表达,Bcl-2作为凋亡抑制基因可能参与了成釉细胞的分化、分泌的调控.%AIM: To observe Bcl-2 expresion during amelogenesis in developing mouse molars. METH- ODS : First molar germs of postnatal 2 - 14 d BALB/C mice were extracted. The morphology and distribution of amelo-blasts in the tooth germ were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. PV two-step immunohistochemi-cal method was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2 protein. Apoptosis was identified by the terminal deoxy-transfer-ase (TdT)-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. RESULTS: Bcl-2 positive cells was detected in the proliferating pre-ameloblasts and secretory stage ameloblasts

  4. Fas and Bcl-2 Expression on T Lymphocyte Subsets in the Peripheral Blood of Relapsing Patients with Condyloma Acuminatum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾军; 范清源; 高春芳; 代夫; 郑茂荣

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To study the expression of Fas and Bcl-2 proteins on T lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of relapsing patients with condyloma acuminatum(CA) and healthy controls.Methods: Flow cytometry (permeabization and staining procedure with conjugated antibodies) was used.Results: We observed that the expression of Fas protein on CD4+ T lymphocyte subset of CA patients was significantly higher than that of healthy controls( P<0.01 ).Conclusions: Increased expression of Fas proteinon CD4+ T lymphocyte subset may be a cause of de-creased percentage of CD4+ T lymphocyte subset. This induces the increased ratio of CD4+/CD8+.

  5. Expression of Bax/Bcl-2 in renal tissue of rats with lymphatic flow barrier%Bax/Bcl-2在淋巴回流障碍大鼠肾组织中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张桃艳; 李德祥; 柳刚; 关广聚

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨阻断肾淋巴循环对大鼠肾脏细胞Bax、Bcl-2表达的影响及与大鼠肾脏功能的关系。方法选取雄性Wistar大鼠48只,将其随机分为模型组和对照组,各24只。各组大鼠分别于术后第1、7、14、28天各处死6只,留取肾组织标本提取组织蛋白、mRNA和制作石蜡切片。运用Real-time PCR、Western blot和免疫组织化学检测Bax、Bcl-2在肾组织中的表达,并测定24 h尿蛋白和血肌酐水平。结果模型组大鼠的肾功能逐渐减退,随着术后时间的延长,肾功能损害逐渐加重。模型组大鼠的Bax表达明显强于对照组,免疫组织化学显示,Bax的表达主要在肾小管及肾间质,远端小管的表达尤其明显,相反,模型组大鼠的Bcl-2的表达明显减弱。结论阻断肾淋巴循环可导致大鼠肾功能及肾小管间质的损害,并随时间延长而加重,肾细胞凋亡与此密切相关,其中Bax/Bcl-2途径发挥了积极作用。%Objective To investigate the influence of blocking renal lymph circulation on the expression of Bax/Bcl-2 in kidney cells of rats and the relationship of between the expression of Bax/Bcl-2 and kidney function of rats. Meth-ods 48 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the model group (n=24) and the Control group (n=24).6 rats in each group were put to death after 1,7.14,28 days reapectively,and nephridial tissue sample were obtained for extracting protein,mRNA and making paraffin section.The expression of Bax/Bcl-2 in renal tissue was tested using Real-time PCR,Western blot and immunohistochemistry.24 hours urine protein and serum creatinine level were determined. Re-sults The renal function of rats in the model group decreased gradually,and with prolonging of postoperative time,renal function injury aggravated gradually.The expression of Bax of rats in the model group was stronger than that of the con-trol group,immunohistochemistry showed that Bax mainly expressed in renal tubule and interstitium,expression

  6. Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in Cerebral Cortex of Sodium Valproate Induced Autism Rats%丙戊酸钠诱导孤独症模型大鼠皮层Bcl-2、Bax的表达①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜志梅; 崔利军; 郭津; 张士岭; 郭岚敏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the role of Bcl-2 and Bax in pathogenesis of the autism. Methods Female Sprague-Dawley rats were given a single intraperitoneal injection of sodium valproate (VPA, 600 mg/kg) on 12.5 d after pregnancy, their offspring were as the model group;while the other pregnancy rats were given normal saline, their offspring were as the control group. Both groups were observed with the Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry of Bcl-2 and Bax and image analysis 1 d, 7 d, 14 d, 28 d, 56 d after birth. Results Compared with the control group, Nissl staining showed the number of cortical neurons decreased on 1 d and 7 d after birth in the model group, rapidly in-creased on 14 d after birth, and maintained in high level on 28d , 56 d after birth. For immunohistochemistry, the integrated optical density (IOD) of Bcl-2 and Bax decreased in cortex on 1~14 d after birth (P0.05). Com-pared with the control group, the IOD of Bcl-2 decreased much more at every time point (P0.05). The ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was the most on 1 d af-ter birth, and then decreased to approximately 1 in the control group, while it was the least on 7 d, most on 14 d, and decrease to less than 1 28 d after birth. Conclusion Apoptosis of cerebral cortex neurons increases in the autism model rats, especially in the early time.%  目的探讨Bcl-2、Bax在孤独症发病中的作用。方法孕12.5 d Sprague-Dawley孕鼠腹腔注射丙戊酸钠600 mg/kg建立子代孤独症模型大鼠,对照组注射同等剂量生理盐水。利用尼氏染色、免疫组化和图像分析技术观察比较出生后1 d、7 d、14 d、28 d和56 d两组大鼠脑部Bcl-2、Bax表达。结果尼氏染色:出生后1 d、7 d模型组神经元数量较少,出生14 d后剧增,出生后28 d、56 d仍高于对照组。免疫组化:出生后1~14 d两组Bcl-2、Bax表达均显著升高(P0.05);与对照组相比,模型组各日龄大鼠Bcl-2表达水平均显著降低(P0.05)。对照组Bcl-2/Bax值出生后1 d

  7. Study on the expression of VEGF P53 bcl-2 in gastric carcinoma%VEGF、P53、bcl-2在胃癌组织中的表达及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹文蓉; 彭鹏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the expression of VEGF P53 bcl -2 in gastric carcinoma and their relation with CEA CA199.Method 45 cases gastric carcinoma's biopsy were collected after operation in our hospital, we measured VEGF P53 bcl -2 in biopsy with SP, and measure CEA CA199 with patients' blood serum. Result Expressoin of P53 had significant relation to gastric carcinoma's soakage depth ( x2 = 9. 17, P < 0. 01 ) , positive ratio of P53 VEGF was higher in cases with beyond lymph node's transfusion than those withnot(64. 3% vs 50. 0% ), bcl -2 had no relation with lymph node transfusion, but had relation with soakage depth, it had higher expression in muscle layer. CEA and CA199 had relation to lymph node's beyond transfusion and survival period, cases with higher positive ratio had short survival period, shorter than one year. And we found P53 had positive relation to CEA CA199,negative relation to bcl -2, but had correlation to VEGF. Conclusion To measure P53 bcl -2 and VEGF before gastric carcinoma's operation, and measure CEA CA199 in the meantime, we could get a rough evaluation on the disease'stage, soakage depth and lymph node transfusion, then we could arrange plenty chemotherapy period, immunity treatment, so as to refrain from disease' relapse in early stage, and prolong patient's survival period.%目的 研究癌基因VEGF、P53、bcl-2在胃癌组织中的表达及其与肿瘤标志物CEA、CA199的相关性.方法 收集45例在本院手术的胃癌患者标本,采用SP法检测VEGF、P53、bcl-2在胃癌组织中的表达,并同时抽取静脉血作CEA、CA199 2种肿瘤标志物的测定.结果 P53的表达与胃癌侵犯深度相关(χ2=9 17,P<0 01),P53、VEGF在发生远处淋巴结转移的阳性表达率均为95%,明显高于未发生转移者的64 3%和50 0%,bcl-2与淋巴结转移无相关性,与浸润深度有关(在肌层高表达).CEA、CA199与远处淋巴结转移及生存期相关,阳性率高提示易发生远处转移,且生存期<1

  8. Influence of Stress on the Expression of bcl-2/bax Protein in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘巍; 李为民; 孙宁玲; 陈源源; 任哲; 虞有智

    2002-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of stress-induced increased sympathetic nerve activity on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and on the development of congestive heart failure. Methods 45male, 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were studied, in which 6 as controls. After the 6 controlled SHRs were examined by echocardiography, they were anesthetized and killed by decapitation.The other 39 were divided into the stress group ( n =20) and the control group ( n = 19), and both groups were observed from 16-week-old to 36-week-old. In the stress group, binding- stress model was used. Till 36week, all animals were echocardiographied, weighed and killed as described above. Cardiac bcl-2 and bax protein were quantified by western blot. Circulating catecholamine and angiotensin II (Ang II) were detected by radioimmunoasssy. Results Left ventricular volume ( P < 0.05), left ventricular mass ( P<0.05) and the ratio of ventricular mass to body weight were higher in 36 week than those of the 16 week SHRs, whereas the volumes of eject fraction (EF)manifested the trend of decline, P< 0.05, bindingstress for 20 weeks made this trend significantly, P<0.05. With the increase of age, the serum nore pinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E) and Ang Ⅱ in creased, suggesting that the binding- stress triggered the activity of central sympathetic nerve system. The cardiac bcl-2 protein was higher in 36 week than 16week, P >0.05, whereas the bax protein increased significantly with the increase of age, P < 0.05, and so was the ratio of bax to bcl-2, P < 0.05. Conclusions The model of binding-stress can effectivelyactivate central sympathetic system, thus and mimic the neuroendocrine states. From 16 to 36 week, the process of cardiac apoptosis aggravated and the increased sympathetic activity would exacerbate rather than relieve this trend.

  9. 移植肾BCL-2及UCHL1的表达及临床意义%The expression of BCL-2 and UCHL1 in renal allografts and clinical implication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈光富; 李炎唐; 赵海潞; 洪宝发; 肖序仁

    1999-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between apoptosis and rejection, expression of BCL-2 and UCHL1. Methyls The pathologic specimens of failed renal grafts from operation in 10 patients served as experimental group, and the corresponding biospy tissue before transplantation as control group.The expression of BCL-2 and UCHL1 in renal allografts was detected by using imrnunohistochernical staining technique in 6 cases of acute rejection, 3 cases of chronic rejection, and 1 case of cytomegalovirus infection. And the morphological changes were observed in the tissue sections. Results In control group,the expression of BCL-2 in more than 50% tubules was positive, but significantly decreased in the experimental group (P < 0.01 ), especially in acute rejection. T-lymphocytes expressing UCHL1 were significantly increased in renal allografts as compared with those in pretransplant specimens ( P < 0.01 ).Under an electron microscope, apoptosis were demonstrated. Conclusion The measurements of apoptosis,and the expression of BCL-2 and UCHL1 might play important role in the monitoring of renal allografts.%目的 探讨细胞凋亡与排斥反应、BCL-2及UCHL1表达之间的关系.方法 收集10例手术切除的无功能移植肾病理标本作为实验组,相应的移植术前活检组织作为对照组.采用免疫组织化学染色技术观测BCL-2及UCHL1在移植肾的表达,并观察其组织切片的形态学变化.结果 对照组50%以上的肾小管细胞BCL-2呈阳性表达,实验组BCL-2的表达明显减少(P<0.01),尤其是当发生急性排斥反应时;UCHL1的表达,对照组表达UCHL1的T细胞很少,而实验组的阳性表达细胞呈多灶性或成片(P<0.01).凋亡细胞呈现核固缩、核破裂,或出现凋亡小体等.凋亡细胞最常见于肾小管.结论 观测细胞凋亡、UCHL1及BCL-2的表达可作为肾移植术后监测的重要指标.

  10. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, BCL-2, BAX and VEGFR1 proteins in nephroblastomas A expressão imuno-histoquímica das proteínas p53, BCL-2, BAX e VEGFR1 em nefroblastomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Percicote

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Nephroblastoma or Wilms' tumor is the most frequent renal cancer in children. Although its prognosis is favorable for most patients, it may relapse or have a fatal outcome. The characterization of risk groups by applying immunohistochemical biomarkers aims to adapt the treatment to its corresponding group as well as to reduce relapses and fatal outcome. p53, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2, BCL-2 associated protein X (BAX and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1 are among the most widely studied biomarkers, which are related to the apoptotic pathway, DNA repair and neovascularization. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the immunohistochemical expression of p53, BCL-2, BAX and VEGFR1 in samples of human nephroblastoma and to correlate them with clinicopathological prognostic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine surgical specimens of nephroblastoma diagnosed from 1994 to 2007 were selected from the Anatomopathological Service of two hospitals in Curitiba. The immunohistochemical analysis of tissue microarrays was performed through immunoperoxidase staining and the yielded results were compared with clinicopathological prognostic factors. RESULTS: The major immunohistochemical expression of VEGFR1 in blastema and epithelium presented positive association with the risk group. Hence this may be related to higher vascular neoplastic invasion apparently caused by the endothelial growth factor, which maximizes the chances of metastasis and ultimately changes tumor staging, risk group and clinical evolution. CONCLUSIONS: The immunohistochemical expression of VEGFR1 substantiated a directly proportional association with the nephroblastoma risk group.INTRODUÇÃO: O nefroblastoma, ou tumor de Wilms, é a neoplasia renal mais frequente na infância. Embora o prognóstico seja favorável para a maioria dos pacientes, muitos evoluem para recidiva ou óbito. A caracterização de grupos de risco por meio de

  11. 听神经瘤BCL-2蛋白及bcl-2/JH融合基因的研究☆%Detection of BCL-2 protooncogene protein expression and the related bcl-2(mbr)/JH fusion gene from archival paraffin-embedded tissue from acoustic neuromas.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘绍明; 李龄; 刘鹏翀

    2001-01-01

    目的评价石蜡包埋听神经瘤组织中BGL-2蛋白表达及相关的bcl-2(mbr)/JH融合基因改变,以探讨bcl-2癌基因在听神经瘤发病中的可能意义.方法免疫组化检测石蜡包埋组织中BCL-2蛋白的表达;提取石蜡包埋组织的DNA,PCR检测bcl-2(mbr)/JH融合基因.结果本组40例听神经瘤,BCL-2蛋白表达阳性27例(67.5%),bcl-2(mbr)/JH融合基因检出阳性19例(47.5%).结论听神经瘤中存在BCL-2蛋白的高表达及t(14;18)染色体易位,提示雪旺氏细胞凋亡抑制可能是听神经瘤发病的分子病理基础之一.

  12. Safflor yellow B suppresses angiotensin II-mediated human umbilical vein cell injury via regulation of Bcl-2/p22{sup phox} expression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Chaoyun; He, Yanhao [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong 264003 (China); Department of Pharmacology, Xi' an Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Disease, Ministry of Education, Xi' an, Shaanxi 710061 (China); Yang, Ming; Sun, Hongliu; Zhang, Shuping [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong 264003 (China); Wang, Chunhua, E-mail: chunhuawang2012@163.com [School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong 264003 (China)

    2013-11-15

    Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) are derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. Angiotensin II (Ang II) can cause endothelial dysfunction by promoting intracellular ROS generation. Safflor yellow B (SYB) effectively inhibits ROS generation by upregulating Bcl-2 expression. In this study, we examined the effects of SYB on Ang II-induced injury to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and elucidated the roles of NADPH oxidase and Bcl-2. We treated cultured HUVECs with Ang II, SYB, and Bcl-2 siRNA, and determined NADPH oxidase activity and ROS levels. Furthermore, cellular and mitochondrial physiological states were evaluated, and the expression levels of target proteins were analyzed. Ang II significantly enhanced intracellular ROS levels, caused mitochondrial membrane dysfunction, and decreased cell viability, leading to apoptosis. This was associated with increased expression of AT1R and p22{sup phox}, increased NADPH oxidase activity, and an increased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, leading to decreases in antioxidant enzyme activities, which were further strengthened after blocking Bcl-2. Compared to Ang II treatment alone, co-treatment with SYB significantly reversed HUVEC injury. Taken together, these results demonstrate that SYB could significantly protect endothelial cells from Ang II-induced cell damage, and that it does so by upregulating Bcl-2 expression and inhibiting ROS generation. - Highlights: • Angiotensin II depresses mitochondria physiological function. • Angiotensin II activates NADPH oxidase via up-regulating expresion of p22{sup phox}. • Bcl-2 plays a pivotal role in improving mitochondria function and regulates ROS level. • Inhibitor of Bcl-2 promotes angiotensin II mediated HUVEC injury. • SYB attenuates angiotensin II mediated HUVEC injury via up regulating Bcl-2 expression.

  13. Silencing of Bcl-2 gene expression by siRNA transfection inhibits the protective effect of fluvastatin against cell apoptosis in human aortic endothelial cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenwen Zhong; Yang Liu; Jian Li; Hui Tian

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the protective effect of fluvastatin,one of the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins),against oxygen radical-induced oxidative damages in human aortic endothelial cell,and the role of Bcl-2 in this protection.Methods Human aortic endothelial cells with or without Bcl-2 siRNA transfection were subjected to 1-100 nM of fluvastatin and 100 la hydrogen peroxide for 24 hours.Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression were measured by Taqman quantitative PCR and Western blotting.Cell apoptosis was measured by normal and fluorescent microscopy and Cell Death Detection ELISA.Results In the Bcl-2-expressed cells,fluvastatin significantly reversed hydrogen peroxide-induced microscopic apoptosis and apoptotic DNA fragmentation,which were accompanied by a markedly upregulation of Bcl-2 expression by fluvastatin.However,the endothelial protection by fluvastatin was completely lost in Bcl-2 siRNA transfected cells.Conclusion Fluvastatin protects human endothelial cells against oxygen radical-induced cell apoptosis in vitro,and this protection seemed to be mediated in a Bcl-2 dependent pathway.(J Geriatr Cardil 12008;5:33-38)

  14. Astilbic Acid Induced COLO 205 cell Apoptosis by Regulating Bcl-2 and Bax Expression and Activating Caspase-3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhengXiao-liang; SunHong-xiang; LiuXue-li; ChenYun-xiang; QianBo-chu

    2005-01-01

    To investigate the effect of astilbic acid (3β,6β-dihydroxyolean-12-en-27-oic acid, AA) on human colorectal carcinoma COLO 205 cell proliferation and apoptosis.Methods Proliferation of COLO 205 cells was measued by MTT assay. Content of DNA in COLO 205 cell was measued by modified diphenylamine assay. AA-induced morphological changes was observed with fluorescence microscope and transmission electron microscope.DNA fragmentation was visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis.Apoptosis rate and cell cycle distribution were deter-mined by flow cytometric analysis.Expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were visioned by immunohistochemical analysis.The change of relative mitochondral transmembrane potential (MTP) in COLO 205 cell was analyzed with FCM after rhodamine 123 staining. Results The IC50 (96h) of AA for inhibiting COLO 205 cell proliferation was 61.56±0.34 μmol/L.AA induced a marked concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of COLO 205 cell proliferation and reduced the DNA content in COLO 205 cell. Cells treated with AA 64 μmol/L showed typical morphological changes of apoptosis and DNA “ladder” pattern. The cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase, and the apoptosis rate was 28.25% for COLO 205 cells treated with AA 64 μmol/L for 48h. Meanwhile the expression of Bcl-2 protein was decreased while that of Bax was increased and relative MTP was decreased as well. DEVD-CHO 1μmol/L could increase the viability of COLO 205 cells treated with AA for 48h.Conclusion AA showed potent inhibitory activity on COLO 205 cells proliferation,and could induce COLO 205 cells apoptosis through disturbing DNA replication, down-regulating Bcl-2 expression, and up-regulating Bax expression, lowering relative MTP, and activating caspase-3 pathway.

  15. Astilbic acid induced COLO 205 cell apoptosis by regulating Bcl-2 and Bax expression and activating caspase-3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-liang ZHENG; Hong-xiang SUN; Xue-li LIU; Yun-xiang CHEN; Bo-chu QIAN

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effect of astilbic acid (3β, 6β-dihydroxyolean-12-en-27-oic acid, AA) on human colorectal carcinoma COLO 205 cell proliferation and apoptosis. METHODS: Proliferation of COLO 205 cells was measued by MTT assay. Content of DNA in COLO 205 cell was measued by modified diphenylamine assay. AA-induced morphological changes was observed with fluorescence microscope and transmission electron microscope. DNA fragmentation was visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis. Apoptosis rate and cell cycle distribution were determined by flow cytometric analysis. Expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins were visioned by immunohistochemical analysis. The change of relative mitochondral transmembrane potential (MTP) in COLO 205 cell was analyzed with FCM after rhodamine 123 staining. RESULTS: The ICs0 (96 h) of AA for inhibiting COLO 205 cell proliferation was 61.56±0.34 μmol/L. AA induced a marked concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of COLO 205 cell proliferation and reduced the DNA content in COLO 205 cell. Cells treated with AA 64 μmol/L showed typical morphological changes of apoptosis and DNA "ladder" pattern. The cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase, and the apoptosis rate was 28.25 % for COLO 205 cells treated with AA 64 μmol/L for 48 h. Meanwhile the expression of Bcl-2 protein was decreased while that of Bax was increased and relative MTP was decreased as well. DEVD-CHO 1 μmol/L could increase the viability of COLO 205 cells treated with AA for 48 h. CONCLUSION: AA showed potent inhibitory activity on COLO 205 cells proliferation, and could induce COLO 205 cells apoptosis through disturbing DNA replication, down-regulatin Bcl-2 expression,and up-regulating Bax expression,lowering relative MTP, and activating caspase-3 pathway.

  16. Tea polyphenols prevent lung from preneoplastic lesions and effect p53 and bcl-2 gene expression in rat lung tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Qihua; Hu, Chengping; Chen, Qiong; Xia, Ying

    2013-01-01

    Lung cancer is one of the cancers that have the highest incidence and the highest mortality rate, and it is of great interest to identify ways to prevent its occurrence. We had established an animal model by using 3,4-benzopyrene intra-pulmonary injection in our previous study, and had observed that the rats lung carcinoma incidence and multiplicity were significantly reduced by green tea administration. This study further investigated the effect of tea polyphenols on rat lung preneoplastic lesions using the lung carcinoma model established by 3,4-benzopyrene intra-pulmonary injection. Sprague-Dawley rats of the same age were randomly divided into 10 groups and treated with 3,4-benzopyrene by intra-pulmonary injection. Five groups were given 0.3% solution of tea polyphenols (equivalent to 1.2% of green tea) in drinking water, while the other 5 groups were given pure drinking water. The rats were sacrificed at 0, 1, 4, 8 and 16 weeks after carcinogen treatment. In the control groups of rats, local bronchial inflammation were observed at 1 week after 3,4-benzopyrene treatment. From 4 weeks to 16 weeks after carcinogen treatment, hyperplasia, cell hyperproliferation, heterogeneity were observed in the bronchial epithelium. Meanwhile, the expression of p53 mRNA and protein, as well as the level of bcl-2, increased in the bronchial epithelial lesion. Tea polyphenols treatment significantly alleviated the bronchial epithelial lesions. At the same time, tea polyphenols treatment enhanced p53 expression, but reduced bcl-2 expression. These results indicated that tea polyphenols may have preventive effect against lung preneoplasm lesions, possibly through regulating the expression of some critical genes such as p53 and bcl-2.

  17. 溴隐亭对大鼠催乳素瘤细胞表达bcl-2、Bax的影响%Effect of bromocriptine on expression of Bax and bcl-2 in rat prolactinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雪梅; 徐春; 梁立武; 程海梅

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究溴隐亭对大鼠催乳素(prolactinoma,PRL)瘤表达bcl-2、Bax的影响.方法 (1)用皮下植入17β-雌二醇的方法制备大鼠催乳素瘤模型,同时设立10只大鼠为对照组;(2)将成功诱发出催乳素瘤的大鼠随机分2组,分别给予自来水(安慰剂组)、溴隐亭(溴隐亭组)灌胃,对照组也给予安慰剂灌胃,用药4周后处死动物,垂体称重,测定PRL、Bax、bcl-2的表达水平.结果 (1)17β-雌二醇组大鼠血清PRL水平[(4236.9±416.9) vs (121.2±12.8) ng/ml]和垂体重量[(62.0±5.1) vs (13.8±1.2) mg]均明显高于对照组(P<0.01),证实17β-雌二醇组成功诱发出大鼠泌乳素瘤.(2)溴隐亭组血清PRL水平和垂体重量低于安慰剂组(P<0.01),bcl-2表达水平较安慰剂组明显下降[(1.8±0.5) vs (4.0±0.6),P<0.01],Bax表达水平明显增高[(4.5±0.6) vs ( 1.0±0.3),P<0.01].结论 抑制bcl-2的表达,刺激Bax的表达,从而促进催乳素瘤细胞的凋亡可能是溴隐亭抗催乳素瘤的重要机制之一.%Objective To study the effect of bromocriptine on expression of Bax and bcl -2 in rat prolactinoma. Methods Firstly, to develop prolactinoma rats model. Adult Wistar rats were divided into two groups at random. The rats in control group were subscutaneously implanted with a blank implant . Rats in 17 p - estradiol group were implanted with 17 p - estradiol - containing implants. Secondly, Rats in 17p - estradiol group were divided into two groups at random, i. e. placebo group and bromocriptine group. Water was given to rats in placebo group. Bromocriptine was orally adminstered to rats in bromocriptine group. After 4 weeks of treatment, all the animals were sacrificed. Each pituitary gland was weighed. Serum prolactin(PRL) levels were measured by RIA. Expression level of Bax and bcl -2 in pituitary tissue were measured by Western blotting. Results (1) The weights of pituitary gland and PRL levels in 17p - estradiol group were significantly higher than those

  18. Study of the expressions of p53 and bcl-2 genes, the telomerase activity and apoptosis in GIST patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang Wang; You-Wei Kou

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To explore the relationship between clinicobiological behavior and the expression levels of telomerase activity,apoptosis, p53 gene and bcl-2 gene in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).METHODS: The intensity of telomerase activity,apoptosis, p53 and bcl-2 expression in GISTs were detected by telomeric repeat amplification protocol, in situ end-labeling technique, and immunohistochemistry,respectively.RESULTS: The positive rates of telomerase activity of malignant GIST, potential malignant GIST and benign GIST were 85% (17/20), 22.8% (2/9) and 0 (0/9),respectively. The apoptosis indices of malignant GIST,potential malignant GIST, and benign GIST were 11.7 ± 5.4, 30.2 ± 5.6 and 45.2 ± 7.2, respectively. The intensity of telomerase activity and apoptosis were related to the biological characteristics of GISTs (85% vs 22.8%, 0, 0; P < 0.01 or 11.7±5.4 vs 30.2 ± 5.6, 45.2 ± 7.2, 72.1 ± 9.3; P < 0.05). The intensity of telomerase activity was negatively correlated with cellular apoptosis (22.9 ± 8.4 vs 9.5 ± 5.7, P < 0.01). The intensity of telomerase activity was positively correlated with p53,bcl-2 expression (40.0% vs 78.9%, 40.0% vs 84.2%;P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: The detection of telomerase activity,apoptosis and its control genes in GIST will be helpful for the discrimination of the malignant and benign GIST and evaluation of the prognosis.

  19. Hypothermia enhances bcl-2 expression and protects against oxidative stress-induced cell death in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slikker, W; Desai, V G; Duhart, H; Feuers, R; Imam, S Z

    2001-08-01

    Oxidative stress is one of the major causes of cellular injury. Various reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species such as superoxide, hydroxyl radical, peroxynitrite, and nitric oxide are involved in the manifestations of different types of organ toxicity and the resultant syndromes, symptoms, or diseases. Hypothermic conditions have been reported to reduce the oxidative stress in various in vitro and in vivo studies. In the present study, we sought to determine the effect of lowered temperatures on oxidative stress-induced cell death in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. We also investigated the oxidative stress-induced alterations in the expression of anti-apoptotic protein, bcl-2, in CHO cells at lowered temperatures. CHO cells were incubated at four different temperatures of 30, 32, 35, and 37 degrees C (control temperature) from 1 to 4 d. In another set, the cells were incubated with 100 microM hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) for 30 min before harvesting at different time points. The cells were harvested at 1, 2, 3, and 4 d. Cell survival was significantly higher at 30 degrees C as compared to 37 degrees C over 4 d of incubation. In cells incubated with H(2)O(2), significantly higher cell viability was observed at lower temperatures as compared to the cells incubated at 37 degrees C. The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) also increased significantly at lower temperatures. Lowered temperature also provided a significant increase in the expression of anti-apoptotic protein, bcl-2 after 4 d of incubation. These data suggest that hypothermic conditions lowers the risk of oxidative stress-induced cellular damage and programmed cell death by increasing the activity of GSH-Px and by the induction in the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein, bcl-2.

  20. Ginkgo biloba leaf extract effects on inducible nitric oxide synthase, Bcl-2, and Bax expression in rat models of spinal cord injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiejun Jiao; Bin Du

    2008-01-01

    , and reached a peak at 5 days. The number of iNOS-positive cells was lower in the ginkgo biloba leaf extract and hormone groups compared with the trauma group (P < 0.05-0.01). The number of iNOS-positive cells was lower in the ginkgo biloba leaf extract group compared with the hormone group at 7 and 14 days after spinal cord injury (P < 0.05). Bcl-2expression reached a peak at 3 days, and Bax expression reached a peak at 5 days following rat spinal cord injury. Bcl-2 expression was increased, but Bax expression was decreased in the ginkgo biloba leaf extract and hormone groups compared with the trauma group (P < 0.05-0.01). Bcl-2 expression was greater, but Bax expression was reduced in the ginkgo biloba leaf extract group compared with the hormone group at 7 and 14days after spinal cord injury (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Ginkgo biloba leaf extract exhibits neuroprotective effects by upregulating Bcl-2expression, downregulating Bax expression, and significantly inhibiting high expressions of iNOS in the injured spinal cord. The neuroprotective effects of ginkgo biloba leaf extract are greater compared with methylprednisolone at 1 week after spinal cord injury.

  1. Expression of c-erb-B2 gene in bladder cancer of Egyptian patients and its correlation with p53 and bcl-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakr, Saber A; Mahran, Hoda A; Fahmy, Ahmed M; El-Kholy, Meirhan A; Meawad, Mahmoud

    2015-12-01

    Urinary bladder cancer is the 9th most common type of cancer and the 13th most common cause of death worldwide. C-erbB-4 is a class of oncogenes plays a role in cancer development. The present work was performed to assess C-erbB-4 oncogene amplification by PCR technology and its correlation with p53 and bcl-2. This study included 50 male patients (10 controls and 40 urinary bladder cancer patients). The bladder cancer patients include 20 specimens diagnosed as transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and 20 specimens diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The results revealed that 7 (35%) of both TCC and SCC showed c-erb-B2 gene amplification. 12 (60%) of TCC and 6 (30%) of SCC showed positive expression of p53. 11 (55%) of TCC and 6 (30%) of SCC showed positive Bcl-2 expression. A direct statistically significant association was detected between c-erb-B2 expression and Bcl-2 and p53 expression in TCC and SCC specimens. Seven (35%) of TCC showed c-erb-B2 gene amplification and expression of both p53 and Bcl-2. Five (25%) of the examined SCC specimens showed c-erb-B2 gene amplification and positive expression for both p53 and Bcl-2. The results indicated that a direct statistically significant association was detected in TCC group between amplification of c-erb-B2 gene by PCR and expressionof p53 and Bcl-2 by immunohistochemistry.

  2. Immunohistochemical study of ki-67 and bcl-2 expression in some odontogenic cystic lesions with different clinical behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hossein Tabatabaei

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cystic lesions with odontogenic epithelial origin and similar clinicoradiographic appearance, show different clinical behaviors. Objective: To compare some factors related to cell proliferation and escape from apoptosis in epithelium covering two groups of odontogenic cystic lesions with different clinical behaviors. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 11 paraffin-embedded samples were selected of each lesions radicular cyst, dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, and unicystic ameloblastoma. The sample underwent immunohistochemical staining for investigating the expression of ki-67 antigen and bcl-2 protein. Data analyzed with SPSS17 software and Kruskal–Wallis and chi-square statistical tests. Findings: Most of ki-67 positive cells were observed in parabasal layer of odontogenic keratocyst [35.50±26.29%; P=0.001]. The average of ki-67-LI was more in parabasal layer of aggressive group (26.80±37.79% compared to non-aggressive group (4.04±3.38%, was not being statistically significant. The highest average of bcl-2-LI was 95±6.70% in basal layer of odontogenic keratocyst (P=0.001. In all layers, the average of bcl-2-LI was more in aggressive lesions compared to non-aggressive ones and the highest amount was found in basal layer (72.45±3.94×10% which was statistically significant (P=0.001. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, more expression of the markers related to escape from apoptosis in aggressive lesions group compared to non-aggressive group, suggests that escape from apoptosis had a more critical role in aggressive behavior of odontogenic cystic lesions.

  3. EFFECT OF AURICULAR ACUPUNCTURE ON THE LEARNING AND MEMORY AND bcl-2 EXPRESSION IN VASCULAR DEMENTIA RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xuezhao; XIAO Maolei; SUN Guojie

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of auricular acupuncture on dysmnesia and the relationship between the memory improvement and bcl-2 protein expression in vascular dementia (VD) rats. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were randomized into control group, VD group, acupuncture+ VD group and pseudo-operation group, with 10 cases in each group. Rat VD model was established by using 4-vessel occlusion method. Otopoint "Nao"-point and "Shen"(MA-SC)were punctured, once daily continuously for 15 days. The rats' memory capability was tested with Y-maze method and bcl-2 expression of the brain tissues displayed by immunohistochemical method and measured using MIAS-2000 Image Analyzer. Results: Results showed that the scores of control group, VD group and acupuncture+ VD group before operation were 5.68±1.29, 6.07±1.67 and 5.86±1.74 respectively, while following auricular acupuncture treatment,the scores of the 3 groups were 5.81±1.51, 18.06±2.68 and 8.31 ± 1.85 separately, suggesting that the VD rat's learning and memory abilities in acupuncture+ VD group were raised apparently in comparison with those of VD group (P < 0.01 ). In control, VD and acupuncture+VD group, bcl-2 immuno-reaction positive neurons in CA1 area of the hippocampus were 14.31 ± 4.87, 28.67 ± 5.63 and 65.74 ± 8.19 respectively, displaying that the improvement of learning and memory abilities caused by auricular acupuncture treatment may be related to the up-regulation of bcl-2expression (an inhibitory gene of apoptosis). In comparison with control group, the loss of neurons in the pyramidal cell layer of the hippocampal CA1 area of VD group was more severe, while that of acupuncture group was markedly lighter. Conclusion: Auricular acupuncture of otopoint "Nao"-point and "Shen" (MA-SC) can raise the learning and memory abilities of VD rats, which may be realized by its inhibitory effect on apoptosis and the protection action on ischemic hippocampal neurons.

  4. Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression is related to angiogenesis, bcl-2 and cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭佳萍; 郑树; 孝作祥; 张苏展

    2003-01-01

    In this study, we examined the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by immunohistochemical staining in 76 tissue sections collected from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing hepatectomy. Microvascular density (MVD) was determined by counting endothelial cells immunostained using anti-CD34 antibody. We performed DNA-flow cytometric analyses to elucidate the impact of iNOS and VEGF expression on the cell cycle of HCC. Most of the HCC cells that invaded stroma were markedly immunostained by iNOS antibody. The iNOS stain intensity of the liver tissue close to the tumor edge was stronger than that of HCC tissue, and the strongest was the hepatocytes closer to the tumor tissue. However, iNOS expression in 10 normal hepatic samples was undetectable. VEGF positive expression ratio was 84.8% in iNOS positive expression cases, and the ratio was 35.3% in negative cases. There was significant correlation (P=0.000) between iNOS and VEGF expression. Moreover, iNOS expression was significantly associated with bcl-2 and MVD, but without p53 expression. DNA-flow cytometric analyses showed that combined expression of iNOS and VEGF had significant impact on the cell cycle in HCC. PI (Proliferating Index) and SPF (S-phase fraction) in the combined positive expression of iNOS and VEGF group was significantly higher than that in the combined negative group. The present findings suggested that iNOS expression was significantly associated with angiogenesis, bcl-2 and cell proliferation of HCC.

  5. Carboxypeptidase E protects hippocampal neurons during stress in male mice by up-regulating prosurvival BCL2 protein expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, S R K; Thouennon, E; Li, W-S; Cheng, Y; Bhupatkar, J; Cawley, N X; Lane, M; Merchenthaler, I; Loh, Y P

    2013-09-01

    Prolonged chronic stress causing elevated plasma glucocorticoids leads to neurodegeneration. Adaptation to stress (allostasis) through neuroprotective mechanisms can delay this process. Studies on hippocampal neurons have identified carboxypeptidase E (CPE) as a novel neuroprotective protein that acts extracellularly, independent of its enzymatic activity, although the mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we aim to determine if CPE plays a neuroprotective role in allostasis in mouse hippocampus during chronic restraint stress (CRS), and the molecular mechanisms involved. Quantitative RT-PCR/in situ hybridization and Western blots were used to assay for mRNA and protein. After mild CRS (1 h/d for 7 d), CPE protein and mRNA were significantly elevated in the hippocampal CA3 region, compared to naïve littermates. In addition, luciferase reporter assays identified a functional glucocorticoid regulatory element within the cpe promoter that mediated the up-regulation of CPE expression in primary hippocampal neurons following dexamethasone treatment, suggesting that circulating plasma glucocorticoids could evoke a similar effect on CPE in the hippocampus in vivo. Overexpression of CPE in hippocampal neurons, or CRS in mice, resulted in elevated prosurvival BCL2 protein/mRNA and p-AKT levels in the hippocampus; however, CPE(-/-) mice showed a decrease. Thus, during mild CRS, CPE expression is up-regulated, possibly contributed by glucocorticoids, to mediate neuroprotection of the hippocampus by enhancing BCL2 expression through AKT signaling, and thereby maintaining allostasis.

  6. 复方参芩对犬细小病毒致心肌组织Bcl-2和Bax mRNA的影响%Effect of Shenqin Compound on mRNA Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax Genes in Canine Myocardium Infected by Canine Parvovirus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊玮; 刘娟; 杜林林; 郭志兴; 凌榕镔

    2013-01-01

    为了探讨复方参芩对犬细小病毒致犬心肌组织Bcl-2和Bax基因表达的影响,将丹参、黄芩、甘草等中药配伍并制备成为复方参芩针剂,人工感染犬细小病毒建立模型;将犬分为空白对照组、模型组、黄芪多糖组、复方参芩组;给药7d后,接种病毒,观察各组犬临床症状,取心肌组织,电镜观察心脏组织超微结构变化,采用荧光实时定量PCR法检测Bcl-2和Bax mRNA表达.结果表明,模型组犬死亡率高,心肌组织结构损伤严重,与空白对照组比较,心肌组织细胞Bcl-2 mRNA表达下调(P<0.05),Bax mRNA表达增加(P<0.01).复方参芩组犬存活率较高,心肌组织损伤轻,与模型组相比,心肌组织细胞Bax mRNA表达下调(P<0.01),Bcl-2 mRNA表达上调(P<0.01).通过本试验证明复方参芩可通过上调犬心肌组织细胞Bcl-2 mRNA表达,下调Bax mRNA的表达,抑制细小病毒引起的心肌细胞凋亡,保护犬心肌组织免受细小病毒损害.%To investigate the effect of Shenqin compound to Bcl-2 and Bax genes in canine myocardium infected by canine parvovirus. Compatibility of salvia, scutellaria, glycyrrhiza and other Chinese herbal to prepare Shenqin compound injection, and to build model by artificial infection of canine parvovirus, the canines were divided into blank control group, model group, astragalus polysaccharide group and Shenqin compound group, after injecting for 7 days, inoculated canine parvovirus, observed clinical symptom in each group, the change of ultrastructure in myocardium was observed through electron microscope. The RT-PCR method were used to test the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax mRNA. The results showed: the model group had high mortality and the myocardium was seriously damaged, compared with blank control group, the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA was down-regulated at P<0. 05 level, and the expression of Bax mRNA was up-regulated at P<0. 01 level. In Shenqin compound group, the protective rates were high

  7. Spatiotemporal Expression of Bcl-2/Bax and Neural Cell Apoptosis in the Developing Lumbosacral Spinal Cord of Rat Fetuses with Anorectal Malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhonghua; Geng, Yuanyuan; Yao, Zhiya; Jia, Huimin; Bai, Yuzuo; Wang, Weilin

    2017-07-15

    Fecal incontinence and constipation still remain the major complications after procedures for anorectal malformations (ARMs). Previous studies have demonstrated a decrease of neural cell in lumbosacral spinal cord of ARMs patients and rat models. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, the neural cell apoptosis and Bcl-2/Bax expression were explored during lumbosacral spinal cord development in normal and ARMs fetuses. ARMs rat fetuses were induced by treating pregnant rats with ethylenethiourea on embryonic day 10. TUNEL staining was performed to identify apoptosis, and the expression of Bcl-2/Bax was confirmed with immunohistochemical staining, RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis on E16, E17, E19 and E21. Apoptosis index (AI) in the ARMs group was significantly higher compared to normal group. Our results showed that TUNEL-positive cells were mainly localized in the ventral horn, which is the location of neural cells controlling defecation. And the expression of Bcl-2 decreased, whereas the level of Bax increased in the ARMs fetuses. In addition, there was a significantly negative correlation between protein expression of Bcl-2/Bax ratio and AI in the ARMs group. Abnormal apoptosis might be a fundamental pathogenesis for the number decrease of neural cells in lumbosacral spinal cord, which leads to complications after procedures for ARMs. The negative correlation between the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and AI manifested that Bcl-2/Bax pathway might be the mechanism for neural cell apoptosis in ARMs.

  8. Attenuation of Low Ambient Temperature-Induced Myocardial Hypertrophy by Atorvastatin via Promoting Bcl-2 Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Liang

    2017-01-01

    signal was not altered in mice exposed to cold, and Atv did not affect MAPK signal in cold-treated mice. But Atv mitigated the reduction of Bcl-2/Bax level in heart of cold-treated mice. Conclusion: Atv attenuated myocardial hypertrophy induced by cold exposure through inhibiting the downregulation of Bcl-2 in heart. It may provide a novel strategy for low temperature-induced myocardial hypertrophy treatment.

  9. Influence of acute ethanol intoxication on neuronal apoptosis and Bcl-2 protein expression after severe traumatic brain injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Min; LIU Wei-guo; WEN Liang; DU Hang-gen; YIN Li-chun; CHEN Li

    2013-01-01

    To study the influence and mechanism of acute ethanol intoxication (AEI) on rat neuronal apoptosis after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups:normal control,AEI-only,TBI-only and TBI+AEI (n=24 for each).Severe TBI model was developed according to Feeney's method.Rats in TBI+AEI group were firstly subjected to AEI,and then suffered head trauma.In each group,animals were sacrificed at 6 h,24 h,72 h,and 168 h after TBI.The level of neuronal apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 protein were determined by TUNEL assay and immunohistochemical method,respectively.Results:Apoptotic cells mainly distributed in the cortex and white matter around the damaged area.Neuronal apoptosis significantly increased at 6 h after trauma and peaked at 72 h.Both the level of neuronal apoptosis and expression of Bcl-2 protein in TBI-only group and TBI+AEI group were higher than those in control group (P<0.05).Compared with TBI-only group,the two indexes were much higher in TBI+AEI group at all time points (P<0.05).Conclusion:Our findings suggest that AEI can increase neuronal apoptosis after severe TBI.

  10. Expression of Bcl-2 and NF-κB in brain tissue after acute renal ischemia-reperfusion in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Na Zhang; Gen-Yang Cheng; Xian-Zhi Liu; Feng-Jiang Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of acute renal ischemia reperfusion on brain tissue. Methods:Fourty eight rats were randomly divided into four groups(n=12): sham operation group,30 min ischemia60 min reperfusion group,60 min ischemia60 min reperfusion group, and 120 min ischemia60 min reperfusion group.The brain tissues were taken after the experiment. TUNEL assay was used to detect the brain cell apoptosis, and western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and inflammatory factors.Results:Renal ischemia-reperfusion induced apoptosis of brain tissues, and the apoptosis increased with prolongation of ischemia time.The detection at the molecular level showed decreasedBcl-2 expression, increasedBax expression, upregulated expression ofNF-κB and its downstream factor COX-2/PGE2.Conclusions:Acute renal ischemia-reperfusion can cause brain tissue damage, manifested as induced brain tissues apoptosis and inflammation activation.

  11. Bid, a Widely Expressed Proapoptotic Protein of the Bcl-2 Family, Displays Lipid Transfer Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposti, Mauro Degli; Erler, Janine T.; Hickman, John A.; Dive, Caroline

    2001-01-01

    Bid is an abundant proapoptotic protein of the Bcl-2 family that is crucial for the induction of death receptor-mediated apoptosis in primary tissues such as liver. Bid action has been proposed to involve the relocation of its truncated form, tBid, to mitochondria to facilitate the release of apoptogenic cytochrome c. The mechanism of Bid relocation to mitochondria was unclear. We report here novel biochemical evidence indicating that Bid has lipid transfer activity between mitochondria and other intracellular membranes, thereby explaining its dynamic relocation to mitochondria. First, physiological concentrations of phospholipids such as phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylgycerol induced an accumulation of full-length Bid in mitochondria when incubated with light membranes enriched in endoplasmic reticulum. Secondly, native and recombinant Bid, as well as tBid, displayed lipid transfer activity under the same conditions and at the same nanomolar concentrations leading to mitochondrial relocation and release of cytochrome c. Thus, Bid is likely to be involved in the transport and recycling of mitochondrial phospholipids. We discuss how this new role of Bid may relate to its proapoptotic action. PMID:11585909

  12. THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE CELL APOPTOSIS AND EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 PROTEIN IN INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE IN MODEL OF RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Intra-cerebral hemorrhage is a common clinicaldisease,with a high mortality and morbidity.So itis one of the clinical hot topics.It has been foundinrecent years that there is a close relationship bet weenthe cell apoptosis and the course or prognosis of in-tra-cerebral hemorrhage.Bcl-2,as the apoptosis-adjusted gene,plays ani mportant role in the courseof cell apoptosis,but the mechanis min the cell ap-optosis in intra-cerebral hemorrhage remains un-clear.In this experi ment,with the model buildingof the in...

  13. Serum starvation and thymidine double blocking achieved efficient cell cycle synchronization and altered the expression of p27, p53, bcl-2 in canine breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Jinjin; Sun, Dongdong; Yang, Chao; Wang, Yingxue; Sun, Sichao; Li, Qing; Bao, Jun; Liu, Yun

    2016-04-01

    Cell synchronization is an approach to obtain cell populations of the same stage, which is a prerequisite to studying the regulation of cell cycle progression in vivo. Serum starvation and thymidine double blocking (TdR) are two important practices in studying cell cycle synchronization. However, their effects on canine cancer cells as well as the regulatory mechanisms by these two methods are poorly understood. In this study, we determined the optimum conditions of serum starvation and TdR and their effects on cell cycle synchronization. We further explored the involvement of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in the cell cycle synchronization by investigating the expression of three key genes (p27, p53 and bcl-2). Serum starvation resulted in a reversible cell cycle arrest and synchronously progress through G0/G1. The highest percentage of CHMm cells (87.47%) in G0/G1 stage was obtained after 42 h incubation with 0.5% fetal bovine serum (FBS). TdR double blocking could arrest 98.9% of CHMm cells in G1/S phase (0 h of release), and could arrest 93.74% of CHMm cells in S phase after 4h of release. We also found that the p27, p53, bcl-2 genes were most highly expressed in G0/G1 phase. Our current work revealed that serum starvation and TdR methods could achieve sufficient synchronization of CHMm cells. Moreover, the expression of p27, p53 and bcl-2 genes was related to cyclical movements and apoptosis. Our results will provide a new insight into cell cycle regulation and reprogramming of canine cancer cells induced by serum starvation and TdR blocking.

  14. The Expression of Bcl-2 and P53 in Human Dermal Hemangiomas Detected by the Quantum Dot Technology%应用量子点技术检测Bcl-2和P53在皮肤血管瘤中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐甜; 张端莲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To detect the expression of Bcl-2 and P53 in different phases of hemangioma by using high-sensitive quantum dot dyeing method in order to better understand the role of Bcl-2 and P53 in the proliferation and apoptosis of heman-giomas cells. Methods This study involved 38 paraffin-embedded hemangioma specimens (involving 16 males and 22 females) and 5 paraffin-embedded normal skin tissues which were archived in the Department of Pathology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between 2007 to 2010. Immunohistochemistry,regular HE staining and quantum dot dyeing were used to detect the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) ,Bcl-2 and P53 in hemangioma and normal skin tissues. All the hemangioma specimens were classified into the proliferation or the involution stage according to the Mulliken's standard and the expression of PCNA. The results of the quantum dot dyeing were analyzed by multi-spectral imaging systems. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and SNK(q) test were used with SPSS 13. 0 to analyze the data from the quantum dot dyeing(α = 0. 05). Results There were 24 cases of hemangioma at proliferation stage and 14 at involution stage in 38 paraffin-embedded hemangioma specimens. Immunohistochemical results indicated that the expression levels of Bcl-2 and P53 were significantly higher in hemangioma tissues at proliferation stage than at involution stage. The results from quantum dot dyeing showed that the expression of Bcl-2 and P53 in the proliferating hemangiomas was significantly higher than that in involuting ones(P<0. 05) and in normal tissues(P<0. 05). No significant difference in the Bcl-2 and P53 expression was found between the involuting hemangiomas and normal tissues. Conclusion Bcl-2 may cause the imbalance of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells by inhibiting the endothelial cell apoptosis and P53 may promote the proliferation of endothelial cells in proliferating dermal hemangioma and contribute to the generation of

  15. Long-term Follow-up Study on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Subtype and Its Relation to Expression of P53, Bcl-2 and PCNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Sun; Zhong-Wu Li; Guo-Shuang Feng; Ji-You Li

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the correlation of typies of gastric intestinal metaplasia(IM), expression of p53, bcl-2 and the proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), with the lesion's evolution.Methods: A total of 80 patients with IM(53 male and 27 female, 35-64 years old) from an area with high-risk of gastric cancer(GC) in China were enrolled into this prospective study, including 28 cases of type I (complete), 25 cases of type II (incomplete) , and 27 cases of type III (incomplete). Of the 80 cases, 62 cases including 19 cases of type I, 22 type II and 21 type III, were followed up for 5-14 years(49 cases for 14 years, 6 for 10 years, and 7 for 5 years). All of the 80 cases were studied immunohistochemically for the expression of p53, bcl-2 and PCNA.Results: The rate of p53-expressing cases was higher in type III (25.9%) than in type I (10.7%) and type II (12.0%), but without statistical significance(P=0.3070). The positive rate of bcl-2 was obviously lower in type I (21.4%) and type II (24.0%) than in type III (37.0%), but not statistically significant(P=0.4223). We observed difference in PCNA labelling index (LI) between type II and type III (P=0.0037), and the difference was particularly significant in type I as compared with type III (P<0.0001). There was no statistical significance between type I and type II (P=0.0616). Evolution into GC was detected in 0%, 4.5%, and 14.3% of type I, type II, and type III IM cases, respectively. Progression to dysplasia was detected in 31.6%, 18.2%, and 14.3% of type I, type II, and type III IM cases, respectively. Persistence of IM was documented in 31.6%, 45.5%, and 42.9% of type I, type II, and type III IM cases, respectively. Regression of IM was documented in 36.8%, 31.8%, and 28.6% of type I, type II, and type III IM cases, respectively.In progressive, persistent and regressive groups, the positive rates of p53 were 17.6%,16.0% and 15.0%, bcl-2 were 29.4%, 36.0% and 25.0%, and PCNA LIs were 24.953±14.477, 23.752±12

  16. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes promote cytarabine-induced acute myeloid leukemia cell apoptosis via inhibiting Bcl-2 expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Rui; Fan, Fang-Yi; Yi, Hai; Fu, Li; Zeng, Yan; Wang, Yi; Miao, Xiao-Juan; Shuai, Yan-Rong; He, Guang-Cui; Su, Yi

    2017-08-01

    Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains difficult to cure due to its drug tolerance and refractoriness. Immunotherapy is a growing area of cancer research, which has been applied for the treatment of numerous types of cancer, including leukemia. The present study generated AML cell-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in vitro and investigated the effect of combining CTL treatment with one of the most commonly used drugs for the treatment of hematological malignancies, cytarabine, on AML cell apoptosis. Firstly, it was observed that monocyte-depleted peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy donors could be used to generate large numbers of CD3(+)CD8(+) CTLs through immune stimulation. These CD3(+)CD8(+) CTLs could effectively recognize and induce the apoptosis of human Kasumi-3 AML cells. In addition, cytarabine-induced AML cell apoptosis was enhanced by CTL treatment. Western blotting revealed that Bcl-2 expression was downregulated in AML cells following cytarabine and CTL treatment, indicating that the synergistic effect of this treatment on AML cell apoptosis is due to the downregulation of Bcl-2. These results highlight the potential application of CTL immunotherapy for the treatment of AML. Further studies optimizing the specificity and potency of CTLs, and identifying favorable combinations with other chemotherapeutic drug are required.

  17. Chelerythrine down regulates expression of VEGFA, BCL2 and KRAS by arresting G-Quadruplex structures at their promoter regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jana, Jagannath; Mondal, Soma; Bhattacharjee, Payel; Sengupta, Pallabi; Roychowdhury, Tanaya; Saha, Pranay; Kundu, Pallob; Chatterjee, Subhrangsu

    2017-01-01

    A putative anticancer plant alkaloid, Chelerythrine binds to G-quadruplexes at promoters of VEGFA, BCL2 and KRAS genes and down regulates their expression. The association of Chelerythrine to G-quadruplex at the promoters of these oncogenes were monitored using UV absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence anisotropy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, CD melting, isothermal titration calorimetry, molecular dynamics simulation and quantitative RT-PCR technique. The pronounced hypochromism accompanied by red shifts in UV absorption spectroscopy in conjunction with ethidium bromide displacement assay indicates end stacking mode of interaction of Chelerythrine with the corresponding G-quadruplex structures. An increase in fluorescence anisotropy and CD melting temperature of Chelerythrine-quadruplex complex revealed the formation of stable Chelerythrine-quadruplex complex. Isothermal titration calorimetry data confirmed that Chelerythrine-quadruplex complex formation is thermodynamically favourable. Results of quantative RT-PCR experiment in combination with luciferase assay showed that Chelerythrine treatment to MCF7 breast cancer cells effectively down regulated transcript level of all three genes, suggesting that Chelerythrine efficiently binds to in cellulo quadruplex motifs. MD simulation provides the molecular picture showing interaction between Chelerythrine and G-quadruplex. Binding of Chelerythrine with BCL2, VEGFA and KRAS genes involved in evasion, angiogenesis and self sufficiency of cancer cells provides a new insight for the development of future therapeutics against cancer.

  18. High BAX/BCL2 mRNA ratio predicts favorable prognosis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, particularly in patients with negative lymph nodes at the time of diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giotakis, Aris I; Kontos, Christos K; Manolopoulos, Leonidas D; Sismanis, Aristides; Konstadoulakis, Manousos M; Scorilas, Andreas

    2016-08-01

    Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), a common type of head and neck cancer, is associated with high rates of metastasis and recurrence. Therefore, accurate prognostic stratification of LSCC patients based on molecular prognostic tumor biomarkers would definitely lead to a better clinical management of this malignancy. The aim of this study was the investigation of the potential combinatorial prognostic value of BCL2 and BAX mRNA expression in LSCC. Total RNA was isolated from 105 cancerous laryngeal tissue specimens obtained from patients having undergone surgical treatment for primary LSCC. After cDNA preparation, a low-cost, in-house developed, sensitive and accurate real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) methodology was applied for the quantification of BCL2 and BAX mRNA levels. Then, we carried out a biostatistical analysis to assess the prognostic value of the BAX/BCL2 mRNA expression ratio. High BAX/BCL2 mRNA expression constitutes a favorable prognosticator in LSCC, predicting significantly longer disease-free survival (P=0.011) and overall survival (P=0.014) of patients. More importantly, the significant prognostic value of the BAX/BCL2 mRNA expression appeared to be independent of the histological grade and size of the malignant laryngeal tumor as well as TNM stage, as revealed by the multivariate bootstrap Cox regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated also that the BAX/BCL2 ratio can stratify node-negative (N0) LSCC patients into two subgroups with significantly different DFS and OS (P=0.021 and P=0.009, respectively). The BAX/BCL2 mRNA ratio is a putative molecular tissue biomarker in CLL and hence deserves further validation in larger cohorts of LSCC patients. Copyright © 2016 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Increase in Bcl2 expression of penile and prostate cells of Sprague Dawley male rats following treatment with buceng (combination of Pimpinella alpina molk with Eurycoma longifolia Jack

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufiqurrachman Nasihun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Treatment with buceng combination of Eurycoma longifolia Jack and Pimpinella alpine Molk has been proven to increase testosterone level, decrease apoptosis and caspase3 expression. Bcl2 is an antiapoptotic protein found in cytoplasm which inhibits cells apoptosis. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of buceng on Bcl2 expression on penile and prostate tissues of the rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 24 male Sprague Dawley rats of 90 days old, weighing ± 300 grams, were randomly assigned into four groups. Group A, normal rats. Group B, castrated rats and treated with buceng 100 mg/day, per oral (Cast-Bcg; Group C, castrated rats and treated with 2 ml of water as placebo against buceng (Cast-Plac. Group D, castrated rats, treated with mesterolone 6.75 mg/day, per oral, as exogenous testosterone (Cast-Mest. All rats were treated for 30 days. Manova test was used to analyze the different expression of Bcl2 among groups with significance level at p ≤ 0.05. Results: Castration was associated with significant decrease of Bcl2 expression in the penile and prostate tissues (53.0 and 50.9%, respectively compared to normal rats (82.6 and 84.2%, respectively, p < 0.001. Treatment with mesterolone reversed Bcl2 expression (77.1 and 78.1% to a near normal level. The same level of Bcl2 expression was also observed with buceng treatment (73.8 and 78.2%.Conclusion: The treatment with buceng could enhance Bcl2 expression in penile and prostate tissues, comparable to normal rats and mesterolone treated rats.

  20. O papel da expressão de Bcl-2 em material obtido por PAAF no diagnóstico de doenças linfoproliferativas B The role of Bcl-2 expression in fine needle aspiration specimens for the diagnostic accuracy in lymphoproliferative diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Escaramuzi Lourenço

    2008-12-01

    -oncogene that appears in several LPD and it has a significantly high expression in follicular lymphomas. OBJECTIVES: to diagnose LPD in FNA samples through morphology and flow cytometry immunophenotyping. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples from 25 patients with lymphadenopathies and 2 reactive tonsils were studied through morphology and immunophenotyping. The antigens expressions were evaluated by using a screening panel of monoclonal antibodies (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, light chains kappa; and lambda, followed by CD5, CD10, CD11c, CD23, CD79b, sIgM, FMC-7 and Bcl-2 when required. The results were compared with histology. RESULTS:Four out of 25 samples were reactive processes and 21were B-LPD. In all cases there was consistency with histological results. The mean fluorescence intensity of Bcl-2 in Follicular Lymphoma (19.92 was higher compared with other lymphoproliferative diseases (11.93 and controls (3.49 (p = 0.032. CONCLUSION: Fine needle aspiration of lymph nodes associated with cytomorphology and flow cytometry immunophenotyping allows a fast differentiation between reactive processes and B lymphoproliferative cases. The high expression of Bcl-2 by cytometry shows its usefulness in the diagnosis of the most frequent type of B-LPD. Fine needle aspiration sampling requires training and more than one aspiration is recommended.

  1. MYC/BCL2 protein coexpression contributes to the inferior survival of activated B-cell subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and demonstrates high-risk gene expression signatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Shimin; Xu-Monette, Zijun Y; Tzankov, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is stratified into prognostically favorable germinal center B-cell (GCB)-like and unfavorable activated B-cell (ABC)-like subtypes based on gene expression signatures. In this study, we analyzed 893 de novo DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclo...

  2. Oxindole alkaloids from Uncaria tomentosa induce apoptosis in proliferating, G0/G1-arrested and bcl-2-expressing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacher, Nicole; Tiefenthaler, Martin; Sturm, Sonja; Stuppner, Hermann; Ausserlechner, Michael J; Kofler, Reinhard; Konwalinka, Günther

    2006-03-01

    Natural products are still an untapped source of promising lead compounds for the generation of antineoplastic drugs. Here, we investigated for the first time the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of highly purified oxindole alkaloids, namely isopteropodine (A1), pteropodine (A2), isomitraphylline (A3), uncarine F (A4) and mitraphylline (A5) obtained from Uncaria tomentosa, a South American Rubiaceae, on human lymphoblastic leukaemia T cells (CCRF-CEM-C7H2). Four of the five tested alkaloids inhibited proliferation of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells. Furthermore, the antiproliferative effect of the most potent alkaloids pteropodine (A2) and uncarine F (A4) correlated with induction of apoptosis. After 48 h, 100 micromol/l A2 or A4 increased apoptotic cells by 57%. CEM-C7H2 sublines with tetracycline-regulated expression of bcl-2, p16ink4A or constitutively expressing the cowpox virus protein crm-A were used for further studies of the apoptosis-inducing properties of these alkaloids. Neither overexpression of bcl-2 or crm-A nor cell-cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase by tetracycline-regulated expression of p16INK4A could prevent alkaloid-induced apoptosis. Our results show the strong apoptotic effects of pteropodine and uncarine F on acute leukaemic lymphoblasts and recommend the alkaloids for further studies in xenograft models.

  3. Effects of aspartame on hsp70, bcl-2 and bax expression in immune organs of Wistar albino rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, Arbind Kumar; Devi, Rathinasamy Sheela

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Aspartame, a “first generation sweetener”, is widely used in a variety of foods, beverages, and medicine. The FDA has determined the acceptable daily intake (ADI) value of aspartame to be 50 mg/kg·day, while the JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives) has set this value at 40 mg/kg of body weight/day. Safety issues have been raised about aspartame due to its metabolites, specifically toxicity from methanol and/or its systemic metabolites formaldehyde and formic acid. The immune system is now recognized as a target organ for many xenobiotics, such as drugs and chemicals, which are able to trigger unwanted apoptosis or to alter the regulation of apoptosis. Our previous studies has shown that oral administration of aspartame [40 mg/(kg·day)] or its metabolites for 90 days increased oxidative stress in immune organs of Wistar albino rats. In this present study, we aimed to clarify whether aspartame consumption over a longer period (90-days) has any effect on the expression of hsp70, bcl-2 and bax at both mRNA transcript and protein expression levels in immune organs. We observed that oral administration of aspartame for 90 days did not cause any apparent DNA fragmentation in immune organs of aspartame treated animals; however, there was a significant increase in hsp70 expression, apart from significant alteration in bcl-2 and bax at both mRNA transcript and protein expression level in the immune organs of aspartame treated animals compared to controls. Hence, the results indicated that hsp70 levels increased in response to oxidative injury induced by aspartame metabolites; however, these metabolites did not induce apoptosis in the immune organs. Furthermore, detailed analyses are needed to elucidate the precise molecular mechanisms involved in these changes.

  4. Effects of aspartame on hsp70, bcl-2 and bax expression in immune organs of Wistar albino rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, Arbind Kumar; Devi, Rathinasamy Sheela

    2016-09-01

    Aspartame, a "first generation sweetener", is widely used in a variety of foods, beverages, and medicine. The FDA has determined the acceptable daily intake (ADI) value of aspartame to be 50 mg/kg·day, while the JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives) has set this value at 40 mg/kg of body weight/day. Safety issues have been raised about aspartame due to its metabolites, specifically toxicity from methanol and/or its systemic metabolites formaldehyde and formic acid. The immune system is now recognized as a target organ for many xenobiotics, such as drugs and chemicals, which are able to trigger unwanted apoptosis or to alter the regulation of apoptosis. Our previous studies has shown that oral administration of aspartame [40 mg/(kg·day)] or its metabolites for 90 days increased oxidative stress in immune organs of Wistar albino rats. In this present study, we aimed to clarify whether aspartame consumption over a longer period (90-days) has any effect on the expression of hsp70, bcl-2 and bax at both mRNA transcript and protein expression levels in immune organs. We observed that oral administration of aspartame for 90 days did not cause any apparent DNA fragmentation in immune organs of aspartame treated animals; however, there was a significant increase in hsp70 expression, apart from significant alteration in bcl-2 and bax at both mRNA transcript and protein expression level in the immune organs of aspartame treated animals compared to controls. Hence, the results indicated that hsp70 levels increased in response to oxidative injury induced by aspartame metabolites; however, these metabolites did not induce apoptosis in the immune organs. Furthermore, detailed analyses are needed to elucidate the precise molecular mechanisms involved in these changes.

  5. Bcl-XL is qualitatively different from and ten times more effective than Bcl-2 when expressed in a breast cancer cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leber Brian

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL are anti-apoptotic paralogues that inhibit apoptosis elicited by a wide variety of stimuli, and play critical roles in cancer development and resistance to treatment. Many clinical studies have indicated that expression of these anti-apoptotic proteins in tumours is associated with poor prognosis. It has therefore been assumed that in cells the essential difference between Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL involves regulation of expression and that they are otherwise functionally similar. To examine this issue, we have compared the function of the proteins and of mutants of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL specifically targeted to different subcellular sites. Methods We generated clones of the human breast cancer line MCF-7 stably expressing known amounts of Bcl-2, or Bcl-XL as determined by quantitative immunoblotting. Clones expressing equivalent amounts of wild-type and mutants of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL with subcellular localization restricted to the cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum or outer mitochondrial membrane were studied in both MCF-7 and Rat-1 fibroblasts. In MCF-7 cells we measured the functional activities of these proteins in preventing apoptosis induced by four different agents (doxorubicin, ceramide, thapsigargin, TNF-α. Etoposide and low serum were used to compare the effect of Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and mutants located at the endoplasmic reticulum on induction of apoptosis in fibroblasts. Results We noted both qualitative and quantitative differences in the functional activity of these two anti-apoptotic proteins in cells: Bcl-2 localized to the endoplasmic reticulum inhibits apoptosis induced by ceramide and thapsigargin but not by doxorubicin or TNFα, while Bcl-XL at the endoplasmic reticulum is active against all four drugs. In fibroblasts Bcl-2 localized to the ER did not prevent cell death due to etoposide whereas Bcl-XL in the same location did. Finally in MCF-7 cells, Bcl-XL is approximately ten times more active than Bcl-2 in

  6. Effects of Ethyl Pyruvate on Myocardial Apoptosis and Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax Proteins after Ischemia-reperfusion in Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jialong GUO; Kailun ZHANG; Yanmei JI; Xionggang JIANG; Shunqing ZUO

    2008-01-01

    In order to study the effects of ethyl pyruvate on cardiomyocyte apoptosis following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in vitro and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins, isolated rat hearts were perfused in a Langendorff model. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=8 in each group): control group was perfused for 120min. In the I/R group, after 30min stabilization the injury was induced by 30min global ischemia followed by 60min reperfusion. Ethyl pyruvate (EP) group was set up with the same protocol as I/R group except that it was supplied with 2mmol/L EP 15min before ischemia and throughout reperfusion. Myocardial malonaldehyde (MDA) content Was measured. Myocardial apoptotic index (AI) was tested by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. The expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and pro-apoptotic protein Bax in cardiac myocytes was detected by immunohistochemistry. As compared with control group, the content of MDA, myocardial AI and the expression of Bcl-2, Bax proteins were increased significantly in I/R group, but the content of MDA, myocardial AI and the expression of Bax protein were decreased obviously and the expression of Bcl-2 protein was up-regulated in EP group (P<0.05). These results demonstrate that EP could inhibit apoptosis of cardiac myocytes possibly via alleviating oxidative stress, up-regulating Bcl-2 and down-regulating Bax proteins.

  7. The Impact of Adenosine Fast Induction of Myocardial Arrest during CABG on Myocardial Expression of Apoptosis-Regulating Genes Bax and Bcl-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Shalaby

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. We studied the effect of fast induction of cardiac arrest with denosine on myocardial bax and bcl-2 expression. Methods and Results. 40 elective CABG patients were allocated into two groups. The adenosine group (n=20 received 250 μg/kg adenosine into the aortic root followed by blood potassium cardioplegia. The control group received potassium cardioplegia in blood. Bcl-2 and bax were measured. Bax was reduced in the postoperative biopsies (1.38 versus 0.47, P=.002 in the control group. Bcl-2 showed a reducing tendency (0.14 versus 0.085, P=.07. After the adenosine treatment, the expression of both bax (0.52 versus 0.59, P=.4 and bcl-2 (0.104 versus 0.107, P=.4 remained unaltered after the operation. Conclusion. Open heart surgery is associated with rapid reduction in the expression of apoptosis regulating genes bax and bcl-2. Fast Adenosine induction abolished changes in their expression.

  8. Correlation of Hp infection and the expressions of bcl-2 and bad in patients with gastric carcinoma%胃癌患者幽门螺杆菌感染及与bcl-2、bad相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兰; 张志广; 闻淑军; 李熳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the influence of Helicobacter pylori(Hp) on gastric epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis.Methods: Hp was assessed by using rapid urease staining test combined with modified Giemsa staining test in 79 cases of gastric carcinoma and 29 cases of chronic gastritis.The expressions of bcl-2 and bad proteins in gastric mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry (SABC) staining, Results: The positive rates of Hp in gastric carcinoma group and chronic gastritis group were 69.6% (55/79) and 48.3%(14/29) (P<0.05).The positive rate of bcl-2 protein in gastric carcinoma group was 65.8%(52/79),which was significantly higher than that in chronic gastritis group 24.1%(7/29)(P<0.05); The positive rate of bad protein in gastric carcinoma group was 46.8% (37/79),which was significantly lower than that in chronic gastritis 69.0%(20/29)(P<0.05).In gastric carcinoma group, the positive rate of bcl-2 protein in Hp positive group was significantly higher than that in Hp negative group( 78.2% vs 37.5% )(P<O.05).The positive rate of bad protein in Hp positive group significantly lower than that in Hp negative group( 38.2% vs 66.7% )(P<0.05).The expression of bcl-2 and bad proteins were correlated with gastric carcinoma differentiation grade and infiltration range (P<0.05),but not related with lymph node metastasis (P>0.05).Conclusion:Hp infection may participate the development of gastric carcinoma by regulating the expression of apoptosis relate gene proteins which makes cell proliferation and apoptosis abnomal.%目的:通过检测凋亡相关基因bcl-2、bad在胃癌中的表达,进一步探讨幽门螺杆菌(Hp)对胃上皮细胞增殖和凋亡的影响.方法:对79例胃癌及29例慢性浅表性胃炎受试者应用快速尿素酶法及改良吉姆萨染色法检测Hp感染情况,用免疫组化SABC法检测胃黏膜中bcl-2、bad蛋白的表达.结果:胃癌组和慢性浅表性胃炎组中Hp阳性率分别为69

  9. Molecular and immunohistochemical expression of apoptotic proteins Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase 3 in infantile hemangioma tissues as an effect of propranolol treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wnęk, Aneta; Andrzejewska, Ewa; Kobos, Józef; Taran, Katarzyna; Przewratil, Przemysław

    2017-05-01

    Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign tumors of childhood. They are characterized by a unique clinical course with two phases, proliferation and involution, which are followed by regression. The therapy of infantile hemangiomas was revolutionized in 2008 by the introduction of propranolol, however, the mechanism of its influence on hemangiomas remains unclear. The study included 71 patients with IHs, 27 of whom were treated with propranolol while the remaining 44 were used as a comparative group. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase3 was determined with immunohistochemistry and mRNA of Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase3 were assessed with the use of RT-PCR. Both methods revealed a statistically significant decrease in Bcl-2 expression and an increase in Bax in IHs tissues after propranolol treatment. The results obtained for Bax and Bcl-2 proteins may indicate a link between the effect of propranolol and apoptosis. Higher Bax and lower Bcl-2 expression in the propranolol treated group indicates a strong pro- apoptotic action countering any anti-apoptotic activity; apoptosis was indicted in IH tissue as a potential result of propranolol treatment, with potential clinical impact in other tumors. Copyright © 2017 European Federation of Immunological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. 锌对染氟大鼠生精细胞Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的影响%Effects of zinc on expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax protein caused by fluoride in spermatogenic cells of male rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯亚静; 高利华; 段丽菊; 程学敏; 张慧珍; 崔留欣

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To study the effects of zinc on expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax protein caused by fluoride in spermato-genic cells of male rats. Methods: A total of 50 Wistar male rats were randomly divided into control group, fluorine treatment group, fluorine and low-dose zinc treatment group, and fluorine and middle-dose zinc treatment group, fluorine and high-dose zinc treatment group. The content of NaF in testis was measured by using fluorine selective electrode. Changes of testosterone and expressions of Bcl-2, Bax protein in spermatogenic cells were respectively observed using the methods of ra-dioimmunoassay, immunohistochemical study. In addition,the quality of spermatozoa was observed. Results:The testosterone levels in serum of the three dose add zinc groups were higher than those of fluorine group and control group ( F = 129. 179, P < 0.001). Bcl-2 expression in spermatogenic cells of each zinc treatment groups was higher than that of fluorine treatment group(F =69.918 ,P < 0.001). Bax expression in spermatogenic cells and the testis fluoride content of mid-dose zinc treatment group were lower than those of fluorine treatment group( F = 52. 142 and 453. 812,P <0.001). Conclusion: Zinc could antagonize the reproductive toxicity of fluoride in male rats by increase Bcl-2 protein expression and decrease Bax protein expression in spermatogenic cells. Middle dose of zinc has the beet effect, high dose of zinc has no effect, even may has synergism with sodium fluoride.%目的:探讨锌对氟致雄性大鼠生精细胞Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的影响.方法:选用4~5周龄雄性Wistar大鼠50只,随机分为对照组、染氟组、氟加低锌组、氟加中锌组和氟加高锌组,灌胃染毒6周后处死动物,采用放射免疫法检测血清睾酮含量,免疫组织化学法检测生精细胞中Bcl-2和Bax蛋白的表达水平,氟离子选择电极法测定睾丸氟含量,并作精子质量分析.结果:氟加锌各剂量组血清睾酮和睾丸氟含量与对照

  11. Inhibition of Bcl-2 expression by a novel tumor-specific RNA interference system increases chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil in Hela cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng-lin HUANG; Yi WU; Hai YU; Ping ZHANG; Xing-qian ZHANG; Lei YING; Han-fang ZHAO

    2006-01-01

    Aim: RNA interference (RNAi) has been proposed as a potential treatment for cancer, but the lack of cellular targets limits its use in cancer gene therapy. No current technology has achieved direct tumor-specific gene silencing using RNAi.In the present study we attempt to develop a tumor-specific RNAi system using the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter; furthermore, we analyzed its inhibitive effect on Bcl-2 expression. Methods: The vectors containing a small hairpin RNA (shRNA) to target exogenous reporters [firefly luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)] and endogenous gene (Bcl-2)were constructed. Luciferase expression was determined by dual luciferase assay.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) were used to measure EGFP expression. Inhibition of Bcl-2 was evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blotting.Cell proliferation and viability were measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. FACS was used to analyze the cell cycle distribution profile. Results: We showed that with the hTERT promoter directly driving shRNA transcription, expression of the exogenous reporters (LUC and EGFP) in tumor cells, but not normal cells, was specifically inhibited in vitro. The hTERT promoter-driven shRNA also depressed the expression of Bcl-2. Inhibition of Bcl-2 did not affect cell proliferation, but increased the chemosensitivity of HeLa cells to 5-fluorouracil. Conclusion: The present study describes an efficient RNAi system for gene silencing that is specific to tumor cells using the hTERT promoter. Suppression of Bcl-2 by using this system sensitized HeLa cells to 5-fluorouracil. This system may be useful for RNAi therapy.

  12. Effects of Apigenin on the Expressions of Apoptosisrelated Genes Bcl-2/Bax in Cardiomyocyte of Rats with Ischemia and Reperfusion%芹菜素对缺血再灌注大鼠心肌细胞凋亡相关基因Bcl-2/Bax的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史婷婷; 于肯明; 梁月琴; 张明升; 邸涛; 冯璟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of apigenin on expressions of apoptosis - related genes Bcl - 2/Bax in cardiomyocyte of rats with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Methods Sixty - four rats were randomly divided into eight groups: Normal group, sham - operation group, physiological saline ischemia - reperfusion group ( NS group), solvent cont rol group (Sol group), metoprolol positive control group (Meto group), apigenin low, mid and high dose group (Apil, Api2, Api4). The rats were treated for 10 min before ischemia except rats in sham - operation group. The rat models with ischemia - reperfusion were established with 45 min of myocardial ischemia,2 h reperfusion. Then the heart was quickly removed. The expression levels of Bcl - 2 mRNA and Bax mRNA were detected by reverse transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction(RT - PCR). Heart rate (HR) ,mean arterial pressure (MAP) ,and electrocardiogram(ECG) ST segment were recorded and the Lambeth arrhythmia score was calculated. Results Compared with NS group, the expression of Bcl- 2 mRNA was dose- dependently increased,and the expression of Bax mRNA was dose- dependently reduced in apigenin groups(P<0.05). The Lambeth arrhythmia score in apigenin groups was significantly lower than that in control group(P<0. 05). The duration of reperfusion arrhythmia was shorten in apigenin groups(P<0.05). Conclusion Apigenin had a protective effect on rats with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. The apigenin could up - regulate the expression of Bcl - 2 and downregulate the expression of Bax at transcription level, which could be related to anti- apoptotic effect.%目的 探讨芹菜素对缺血再灌注大鼠心肌细胞凋亡相关基因Bcl-2/Bax表达的影响.方法 心肌缺血45 min,再灌注2 h制备缺血再灌注模型.随机分为正常组、假手术组、生理盐水缺血再灌注组、溶剂对照组、美托洛尔阳性对照组及芹菜素低、中、高剂量组,每组8只.除假手

  13. Expression of Bcl-2 and epithelial growth factor receptor proteins in keratocystic odontogenic tumor in comparison with dentigerous cyst and ameloblastoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad Razavi

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: According to the expression of - Bcl-2 in ameloblastoma and KCOT, and no expression of EGFR in KCOT, it can be concluded that the biological activity and growth mechanisms of KCOT are different compared with other cystic lesions. However, the aggressive potential of KCOT is not as severe as that of a neoplasm such as ameloblastoma.

  14. Effect of Angelica keiskei Koidz Chalcone on PCNA and BCL-2 Protein Expression of Mice Hepatocarcinoma Cells%明日叶查尔酮对小鼠肝癌细胞PCNA和BCL-2蛋白表达影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙赫; 钟进义; 孟扬; 李帅; 杨青

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究明日叶(Angelica keiskei Koidz)查尔酮对小鼠肝癌细胞PCNA和BCL-2蛋白表达的影响.方法:将50只皮下接种肝癌H22细胞株的小鼠随机分为5组,每组10只.高、中、低剂量组分别每日经口灌胃给予40、20、5mg/kg的查尔酮,肿瘤对照组给予等量生理盐水,连续10d,环磷酰胺组隔天腹腔注射环磷酰胺20mg/kg.取肝癌组织用四甲基偶氮噻唑蓝(MTT)法测各组小鼠肝癌细胞增殖活性,免疫组化法检测各组肝癌细胞增殖细胞核抗原(PCNA)和凋亡相关蛋白BCL-2表达水平.结果:高剂量查尔酮组和肿瘤对照组的肝癌细胞增殖活性分别为(0.716±0.018)和(1.135±0.032),差别有显著性(P<0.05).高剂量组PCNA和BCL-2蛋白表达率分别为28.33%和16.77%.肿瘤对照组分别为72.77%和65.17%,差异均有显著性(P<0.05).结论:查尔酮可降低小鼠肝癌细胞PCNA和BCL-2表达水平,对肝癌细胞增殖有一定抑制作用.%Objective: To investigate the effect of angelica keiskei koidz chalcone on the expression of PCNA and BCL-2 in mice hepatocarcinoma cells. Methods: Fifty mice were inoculated with hepatocarcinoma H22 cells and divided into five groups, with 10 mice per group. High, medium and low chalcone groups were given 40, 20, Smg/kg/d of chalcone by mouth, respectively. The tumor control group was given saline by mouth and the cylophosphamide group was given 20mg/kg cyclophosphamide by intraperitoneal injection every other day. Ten days later all mice were sacrificed. The proliferation activity of hepatocarcinoma cells was determined by methy tetrazolium (MTT) assay, and the levels of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and BCL-2 protein expression were detected by immunohisto chemistry method. Results: The cell proliferation activity of high dose chalcone group and tumor control group were (0.716±0.018) and(1.135± 0.032). The difference was significant (P<0.05). The expression of PCNA and BCL-2 protein in high dose

  15. Spontaneous Remission of an Untreated, MYC and BCL2 Coexpressing, High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Alan Potts

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL are a heterogeneous group of hematologic malignancies typically treated with multiagent chemotherapy. Rarely, spontaneous remissions can be observed, particularly in more indolent subtypes. The prognosis of aggressive NHL can be predicted using clinical and histopathologic factors. In aggressive B-cell NHL, the importance of MYC and BCL2 proto-oncogene coexpression (as assessed by immunohistochemistry and high-grade histologic features are particularly noteworthy. We report a unique case of spontaneous remission in a patient with an aggressive B-cell NHL which harbored high-risk histopathologic features, including MYC protein expression at 70–80%, BCL2 protein expression, and morphologic features suggestive of high-grade B-cell lymphoma, NOS (formerly B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma [BCLU]. After undergoing a biopsy to confirm this diagnosis, he opted to forego curative-intent chemotherapy. The single, yet relatively large area of involvement noted on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography steadily resolved on subsequent follow-up studies. He remained without evidence of recurrence one year later, having never received treatment. This case emphasizes the potential for spontaneous remission in NHL and demonstrates that this phenomenon can be observed despite contemporary high-risk histopathologic features.

  16. 甘草黄酮对大强度耐力运动大鼠肾脏组织Ca2+、Mg2+-ATPase及Bax,Bc1-2蛋白表达的影响%Effect of High-Intensity Endurance Exercise on Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase and Bax, Bcl-2 Protein Expression With Glycyrrhiza Flavonoids in rat Nephridial Tissue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东旭; 陈艳艳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore Glycyrrhiza Elavonoids on the rat nephridial tissue of Ca2+, Mg2+-ATPase and Bax, Bcl-2 protein expression with high-intensity endurance exercise. Methods The twenty-four healthy male rats were randomly divided into quiet groups, high-intensity exercise group and exercise plus Glycyrrhiza Elavonoids group, After 6 weeks of treadmill training, Using the box of reagent and immunity histochemistry examined the changing of Ca2+, Mg2+-ATPase and Bax, Bcl-2 protein expression on each groups . Results Compared with the quiet groups, the activity of Ca2+, Mg2+-ATPase both had significant droped (P<0.01), and the groups of plus drog had very difference increased than high-intendity exerxise groups (P<0.01); High-intensity endurance exercise group and exercise dosing rats AI apoptosis index increased in varying degrees;high-intensity exercise group (MOD) were very significant difference(P<0.01), exercise plus drug group Bac protein expression (MOD)were very significant difference (P<0.01); Exercise plus drug group Bcl-2 protein expression(MOD) with the high-intersity exercise group had significant difference(P<0.01), High-intensity exercise group and exercise plus drug group Bax/Bcl-2 ratio of distribution is significantly difference degrees of difference(P<0.05,P<0.01).%目的:探讨甘草黄酮对大强度耐力运动大鼠肾脏组织Ca2+、Mg2+-ATPase及Bax、Bcl-2表达的影响。方法:选取SD雄性健康大鼠24只,随机分为安静组、大强度运动组和运动加药组;采用跑台训练6周后取材,应用试剂盒和免疫组织化学法测检测各组大鼠肾脏组织Ca2+、Mg2+-TPase活性及Bax和Bcl-2表达的变化。结果:与安静对照组相比,大强度运动组和运动加药组肾脏组织Ca2+、Mg2+-TPase活性均呈非常显著性下降(P<0.01);其中运动加药组Ca2+、Mg2+-TPase活性均较大强度运动组具有非常显著差异性提高(P<0.01);大强度耐力运动组和运动加

  17. 电磁辐射对Raji细胞损伤效应及其Bax和Bcl-2蛋白表达的影响%Electromagnetic Radiation Induced Damage in Raji Cells and Effects on Bax and Bcl-2 Protein Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王炜; 崔华娟; 王德文; 左红艳; 彭瑞云; 王晓民; 姚华

    2011-01-01

    目的 比对性研究电磁脉冲(electromagnetic pulse,EMP)、S波段高功率微波(S-band high power microwave,S-HPM)和X波段高功率微波(X-band high power microwave,X-HPM)三种不同波段电磁辐射,对Raji细胞的损伤效应和对其Pax和Bcl-2蛋白表达的影响,探讨其损伤效应的相关分子机制.方法常规培养Raji细胞,以EMP、S-HPM和X-HPM三种不同波段的电磁波为辐照源,分别照射Raji细胞,设伪照射为对照组.于照后6h后收集细胞,用电镜观察Raji细胞超微结构的改变,并采用细胞计数的方法对损伤细胞进行半定量计数;采用敏感的蛋白质印迹(Western blot)技术检测各组Raji细胞内Bax、Bcl-2的蛋白表达,用多功能真彩色病理图像分析系统(turecolor medical image processing and analysis,CMIAS)对阳性信号条带进行定量分析.所得数据分别采用SPSS 13.0统计学软件的x2检验和一元方差分析进行统计学处理.结果 三种不同波段的电磁辐射均可导致Raji细胞超微结构发生不同程度的损伤并见凋亡小体形成,损伤程度呈X-HPM组>EMP组>S-HPM组的规律特点;三种不同波段的电磁辐射还可致Raji细胞内Pax、Bcl-2蛋白表达发生改变.与对照组比较,Bax、Bcl-2蛋白表达在EMP组和X-HPM组均明显上调(P<0.01或0.05),S-HPM组略有下调,但无统计学意义(P>0.05).各实验组间比较,S-HPM组Bax蛋白表达明显低于EMP组(P<0.01)和X-HPM组(P<0.05),S-HPM组Bcl-2蛋白表达明显高于EMP组和X-HPM组(P<0.01).两种蛋白上调或下调的程度呈现X-HPM组>EMP组>S-HPM组的规律特点.结论 电磁辐射可能通过上调Bax蛋白的表达和下调Bcl-2蛋白的表达,从而诱导Raji细胞的损伤和凋亡.%Objective To compare the damage on Raji cells and effects on Bax and Bcl-2 protein expressions induced by electromagnetic radiation of electromagnetic pulse (EMP), S-band high power microwave (S-HPM) and X-band high power microwave (X-HPM), and

  18. Bcl-2、NF-KB在腮腺腺样囊性癌中的表达及临床意义%Expression and clinical significance of Bcl-2、NF-KB in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the parotid gland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新华; 南欣荣

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨Bcl-2和NF-KB在腮腺腺样囊性癌中的表达及意义.方法:应用免疫组化SP法检侧49例腮腺腺样囊性癌和20例正常腮腺组织中Bcl-2和NF-KB的表达情况,统计学分析采用x2检验,P<0.05判断为具有显著性差异.结果:Bcl-2和NF-KB的表达强度显著高于正常腮腺组织(P<0.05),Bcl-2、NF-KB的表达与病理无关(P>0.05),与TNM分期有关,Bcl-2和NF-KB两者存在正相关性(P<0.05,Kappa=0.387).结论:在腮腺腺样囊性癌的发生、发展过程中NF-KB通过上调Bcl-2的表达发挥作用.%Objective To explore the expression and Clinical Significance of Bcl-2,NF-KB in in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland.Methods Detected the expression of Bcl-2,NF-KB gene protein in 49 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland was block embedded tissue in Immunohistochemistry SP method,20 cases of normal parotid tissue as control.Using x2 test,the statistically significant difference is defined as P<0.05.Results The total expression rate of Bcl-2 and NF-KB in adenoid cystic carcinoma group are significantly higher than the normal parotid group (P<0.05),the expression of different pathological typing of Bcl-2 and NF-KB are no differences (P > 0.05),the expression of clinical TNM stage of Bcl-2 and NF-KB are differences (P<0.05).There is positive correlation between Bcl-2 and NF-KB (P<0.05 kappa=0.387).Conclusion NF-KB plays a important role by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 in the occurrence and development process of adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland.

  19. THE EXPRESSION OF APOPTOSIC GENES BCL-2,BAX AND FAS IN ENDOMETRIOSIS%凋亡调节基因bcl-2,bax和fas在子宫内膜异位症中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞; 李亚里; 黄靖香

    2001-01-01

    应用免疫组化法检测凋亡调节蛋白bcl-2,bax和fas在无异位症妇女的正常子宫内膜、腹腔液巨噬细胞与卵巢子宫内膜异位症患者在位子宫内膜、异位子宫内膜及腹腔液巨噬细胞中的表达。同时,用TUNEL法测出各种细胞的调亡率。结果表明,bcl-2在异位症患者在位、异位内膜及腹腔液巨噬细胞中的表达较无异位症者增强,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。bax在异位症中的表达较低,差异有显著性意义(P<0.05)。fas在异位症患者在位及异位内膜中的表达较低,差异有显著性意义(P<0.05)。结果提示,子宫内膜异位症患者在位、异位内膜及腹腔液巨噬细胞中凋亡基因的表达与无异位症者不同,其凋亡率低,对凋亡的接受性降低,有利于异位内膜的种植、生存和发展。%We examined eutopic,ectopic endometria and peritoneal fluid macrophages from 22 patients with endometriosis(EMS) and 14 women without EMS.To obtain evidence for the induction of programmed cell death,apoptotic cells were identified using a modified terminal deixynucleotidyltransferasebiotin nick end-labeling method(TUNEL).To evaluate cell death repressor activity,bcl-2,bax and fas genes expression was examined using immunohistochemical staining. The results showed that bcl-2 expression in eutopic,ectopic endometrium and peritoneal fluid macrophages with EMS was significantly increased compared with no EMS(P<0.01).Bax expression in eutopic,ectopic and peritoneal fluid macrophages with EMS was significantly decreased compared with no EMS(P<0.05). Fas expression in eutopic,ectopic endometrium was decreased compared with no EMS(P<0.05). The expression of apoptotic genes were different in eutopic,ectopic endometrium and peritoneal fluid macrophages from EMS and no EMS.Apoptotic rate in EMS was lower than no EMS,and its acceptance was decreased,which could bear implications for the growth and survival of

  20. Function of apoptosis and expression of the proteins Bcl-2, p53 and C-myc in the development of gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    An Gao Xu; Shao Guang Li; Ji Hong Liu; Ai Hua Gan

    2001-01-01

    @@INTRODUCTION In China ,the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer rank the second among all cancers. Recent development of cancer [1-20].The aim of this study was investigat the insight of apoptosis and bcl-2, p53 and C-myc protein expression in the development of gastric cancer .

  1. Effect of Antisense Mediated BCL-2 Suppression on the Expression of the Androgen Receptor and Coactivating p300 and CREB Binding Proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marvin Rubenstein

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Antisense oligonucleotides (oligos have been employed against in vivo and in vitro prostate cancer models. While most oligos target growth factors or their receptors, others are directed against inhibitors of apoptosis or mediators of androgen activity. In previous experiments, mono- and bispecific oligos directed against bcl-2 suppressed both the targeted bcl-2 protein (an inhibitor of apoptosis and non-targeted caspase-3 (a promoter of apoptosis, potentially negating the effect of therapeutic bcl-2 inhibition. Subsequently we reported that AR and p300 expression were significantly enhanced by these oligos. In a continuation of this study, we now report that the expression of another androgen receptor co-stimulatory protein, CREB binding protein (CREBBP, is not similarly increased. These data suggest that oligo treatment directed against bcl-2 can be evaded through compensatory increases in AR and p300 expression. Increased AR and p300 expression may transition the tumor to a more dedifferentiated and aggressive phenotype. However, not all co-stimulating proteins (CREBBP are involved, and this may be important when controlling unanticipated (compensatory effects of gene therapy.

  2. Difference in Expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl Genes in Cisplatin- sensitive and Cisplatin-resistant Human in Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于利利; 王泽华

    2004-01-01

    To investigate the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl gene in sensitive (A2780) and drug-resistance (AD6) human ovarian cancer cell lines and explore the molecular mechanism of multidrug resistance, A2780 and AD6 were detected by using DNA gel electrophoresis, flow cytometry and RT-PCR. Our results showed that (1)"DNA ladder" was observed in A2780 and AD6 after cisplatin treatment; (2) after 3.0, 6.0, 9.9 μg/ml of cisplatin treatment, a significant difference was noted in the rate of apoptosis between in A2780 and AD6 (P<0.05); (3) Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl genes were overexpressed in AD6. After cisplatin treatment, the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl genes was down-regulated in A2780 and AD6. It is concluded that cisplatin could induce the apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells, and the over-expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl genes may contribute to apoptotic inhibition and the development of multidrug-resistance of human ovarian cancer.

  3. The Relationship of Expression of bcl-2, p53, and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) to Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis in Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱朝辉; 邢诗安; 程平; 李国胜; 杨郁; 曾甫清; 鲁功成

    2004-01-01

    To investigate the relationship of bcl-2, p53, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) to cell proliferation, apoptosis and pathological parameters, the patterns of cell growth and turnover in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from 34 patients with RCC were examined. Cell proliferation activity was detected by PCNA immunostaining and the proliferation index (PI) was expressed as a percentage of the PCNA-positive cells in the tumor cells. Apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxy- nucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL), and the apoptotic index (AI) was expressed as a percentage of the TUNEL-positive cells in the tumor cells. Expressions of bcl-2 and p53 were assessed immunohistochemically. Our results showed that the PI ranged from 6.0 % to 24.0 % (median 12.3 %) and theAI from 2.0 % to 8.0 % (median 5.4 %) in RCC. The expression of the bcl-2 protein was demonstrated in 15 cases (44.1 %); the expression of the p53 protein, however, was seen in only 3 case. bcl-2 positivity was not associated with PI or AI or any pathological parameters. There were close associations between PI and tumor grade and stage, and a significant relationship between AI and the tumor grade of RCC. Our study suggests that bcl-2 positivity was not associated with PI or AI or any pathological parameters. There are close associations between PI and AI and tumor grade and stage of RCC. Active cell proliferation may be accompanied by frequent apoptosis in RCC.

  4. Magnetic thermoablation stimuli alter BCL2 and FGF-R1 but not HSP70 expression profiles in BT474 breast tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stapf M

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Marcus Stapf, Nadine Pömpner, Melanie Kettering, Ingrid Hilger Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany Abstract: Magnetically induced heating of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP in an alternating magnetic field (AMF is a promising minimal invasive tool for localized tumor treatment that eradicates tumor cells by applying thermal stress. While temperatures between 42°C and 45°C induce apoptosis and sensitize the cells for chemo- and radiation therapies when applied for at least 30 minutes, temperatures above 50°C, so-called thermoablative temperatures, rapidly induce irreversible cell damage resulting in necrosis. Since only little is known concerning the protein expression of anti-apoptotic B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGF-R1, and heat shock protein (HSP70 after short-time magnetic thermoablative tumor treatment, these relevant tumor proteins were investigated by immunohistochemistry (IHC in a human BT474 breast cancer mouse xenograft model. In the investigated sample groups, the application of thermoablative temperatures (<2 minutes led to a downregulation of BCL2 and FGF-R1 on the protein level while the level of HSP70 remained unchanged. Coincidently, the tumor tissue was damaged by heat, resulting in large apoptotic and necrotic areas in regions with high MNP concentration. Taken together, thermoablative heating induced via magnetic methods can reduce the expression of tumor-related proteins and locally inactivate tumor tissue, leading to a prospectively reduced tumorigenicity of cancerous tissues. The presented data allow a deeper insight into the molecular mechanisms in relation to magnetic thermoablative tumor treatments with the aim of further improvements. Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles (MNP, thermoablation, in vivo, mouse model, breast cancer tumor

  5. Study on Apoptosis and Expression of P53, Bcl-2, Bax in Cardiac Myocytys of Congestive Heart Failure Induced by Ventricular Pacing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI; Benling; CAO; Linsheng; WANG; Lin; ZHOU; Jingqun

    2001-01-01

    The apoptosis and the expression of p53, bcl-2 and Bax in myocytes of chronic rapid ventricular pacing-induced congestive heart failure (CHF) in rabbits were investigated. The CHF rabbit model (P, n= 7) was established by chronic rapid ventricular pacing for 3 weeks. By using TUNEL technique the apoptosis in the myocytes in the rabbit model was studied and the expression of p53,bcl-2 and Bax in myocytes was detected by using immunohistochemical method. Sham-operated (C,n = 9) group served as control group. The results showed that there were about 4033± 884.56 apoptotic cells/106 myocytes in P group, but no apoptotic cells were found in C group. Myocytes positive for p53 immunoreactivity (18. 86±8. 48 vs 5. 06±0. 87, P<0.01) and positive for Bax immunoreactivity (7. 15±1.91 vs 0. 43±0. 09, P<0.01) were increased in P group as compared with those in C group, while the myocytes positive for bcl-2 immunoreactivity (7. 08±1.05 vs 14. 97±4.47,P<0. 01) and the ratio of bcl-2/Bax were decreased in P group as compared with those in C group.Apoptosis was involved in the development of CHF induced by continuously rapid ventricular pacing in rabbit. The expression of p53 and Bax was increased, while the expression of bcl-2 was inhibited.These might play an important role in the acceleration of the apoptosis.

  6. Effect of“Plaque - Stablizing Decoction”on Unstable Plaque Bax mRNA and Bcl -2 mRNA Expression of ApoE Knockout Rats with AS%稳斑汤对ApoE基因敲除小鼠主动脉粥样硬化不稳定斑块形成Bax和Bcl-2mRNA的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程修平; 宫丽鸿

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of compound plaque - stablizing decoction on unstable plaque Bax mRNA and Bcl - 2 mRNA expression of ApoE knockout rats with Atherosclerosis. Methods A number of 6 to 8 weeks old ApoE gene - deficient rats were selected to establish AS unstable plaque model, and were randomly divided into the model group,the western medicine statin group and the stable plaque de-coction low,medium and high dose groups,and the control group. They were given normal saline,low dose, medium dose,high dose compound stabilizing plaque decoction,and Atorvastatin for a month. Aortic tissue was observed under optical microscope pathology after HE staining. Detect the expression levels of Bax mRNA and Bcl - 2 mRNA for each group with RT - PCR. Results Bax mRNA expression levels in the model group was significantly higher than the control group(P 0. 05). Compared with western medicine statin group,Bax mRNA expression levels in the stable plaque decoction low and medium dose groups were signifi-cantly higher(P 0. 05). Compared with western medicine statin group,Bax mRNA expression levels in the stable plaque decoction low and medium dose groups were significantly higher(P 0.05)。光镜下观察稳斑汤各剂量组和西药组斑块面积均小于模型组。结论搜风祛痰法复方中药稳斑汤治疗 AS 的机制可能与抑制 Bax mRNA 的表达,促进 Bcl -2 mRNA 表达有关。

  7. NF-rBp50、p53、Bcl-2在宫颈癌组织中的表达及其与人乳头瘤病毒感染的关系%Expressions of NF-κBp50, p53 and Bcl-2 in cervical cancer and their relationship with human papillomavirus infection*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婵; 陈向敏; 夏克栋

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between expressions of NF-κBp50, p53 and Bcl-2 in tissue of cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Methods: The expressions of NF-κBp50, p53 and Bcl-2 were detected using immuohistochemical staining in 46 specimens of cervical cancer and 26 specimens of normal cervical tissue. The infection of HPV DNA were determined by PCR. Results: The expressions of NF-κBp50, p53 and Bcl-2 in tissue of cervical cancer were significantly higher than that in normal cervical tissue (P<0.01), and the expressions of NF-κBp50 and p53 or Bcl-2 were closely related (P<0.05). The expression of NF-κBp50 in HPV DNA positive group was significantly higher than that in HPV negative group (P<0.05), but there were no significantly differences in the expressions of p53 and Bcl-2 between HPV DNA positive group and HPV negative group (P>0.05). Conclusion: The expressions of NF-κBp50, p53 and Bcl-2 were significantly correlated with cervical carcinogenesis. NF-κBp50 may be activated by HPV infection.

  8. 视网膜母细胞瘤Bcl-2和Bax基因蛋白质表达%Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax gene protein in retinoblastoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小猛; 庞利民; 张晓光

    2000-01-01

    目的:研究凋亡及凋亡调控基因Bcl-2/Bax和视网膜母细胞瘤(Retinoblastoma,RB)的发生、发展及退化的关系.方法:收集36例RB标本,对其分别进行Bcl-2和Bax基因的蛋白质免疫组织化学染色.对其表达情况和染色强度进行观察.结果:①Bcl-2在分化型RB中表达比较好;②Bax在未分化型和分化型中表达都比较好.结论:①分化型和未分化型RB中都有Bcl-2/Bax基因蛋白表达;②随RB恶性度的增加,Bcl-2的表达逐渐减弱;Bax的表达无明显改变.③分化型RB受Bcl-2和Bax基因共同控制;未分化型RB受Bax基因调控,Bcl-2基因发挥很少的作用.

  9. Alteration of Bcl-2, Bcl-x and Bax protein expression following fluid per cussion brain injury in rats%大鼠液压脑损伤后Bcl-2、Bcl-x和Bax蛋白表达的改变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆纯; 朱诚; 卢亦成; 江基尧

    2001-01-01

    目的:探讨液压脑损伤后凋亡相 关基因bcl-2、bcl-x和bax在蛋白水平的表达变化规律及神经细胞凋亡的分子生物学机制 。方法:应用免疫组化方法分别检测大鼠中型液压脑损伤后不同时程B cl-2、Bcl-x和Bax蛋白表达情况。结果:伤后6 h,打击侧海马CA 3区Bcl-2和Bcl-x蛋白表达显著下降,Bax的表达无明显变化,(Bcl-2+Bcl-x)/Bax比 率下降主要由于前者下降所致。伤后1~3 d,Bax蛋白表达显著增加,Bcl-2和Bcl-x的表 达下降相对缓慢,(Bcl-2+Bcl-x)/Bax比率同样减小。结论:bc l-2基因家族参与了液压脑损伤后神经细胞凋亡,该基因家族不同成员的表达变化与神经 细胞凋亡有关。%Objective: To investigate the alteration of bcl- 2 gene family in the rat brain and the molecular mechanism of neuronal apoptosis following traumatic brain injury. Methods: Male Sprague -Dawley rats were subjected to lateral fluid percussion brain injury(FPI) of mo derate severity. Bcl-2, Bcl-x and Bax protein expression was detected by immun ohistochemistry. Results: (1) The immunoreactivity of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x protein decreased in the hippocampus ipsilateral impact site as early as 6 h post-injury, and this was the main cause of down-regulation of the ratio of Bcl-2+Bcl-x to Bax. (2) During 1-3 d after injury, the Bax protein express i on increased significantly, while the Bcl-2 and Bcl-x protein expression decre ased relatively slow. The decreased ratio of Bcl-2+Bcl-x to Bax was mainly due to the Bax up-regulation. Conclusion: The bcl-2 gene family is involved in neuronal apoptosis after FBI, and the protein expression alteration of the family members leads the neuronal cell to apoptosis.

  10. Photobiomodulation on Bax and Bcl-2 Proteins and SIRT1/PGC-1α Axis mRNA Expression Levels of Aging Rat Skeletal Muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang-Hui Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This study aimed to analyze the effects of low level laser irradiation (LLLI on Bax and IGF-1 and Bcl-2 protein contents and SIRT1/PGC-1α axis mRNA expression levels to prevent sarcopenia in aged rats. Material and Methods. Twenty female Sprague Dawley rats (18 months old were randomly divided into two groups (n=10 per group: control (CON and LLLI groups. The gallium-aluminum-arsenium (GaAlAs laser irradiation at 810 nm was used in the single point contact mode (3.75 J/cm2; 0.4 cm2; 125 mW/cm2; 30 s. Bax, Bcl-2, and IGF-1 proteins and SIRT1/PGC-1α axis mRNA expression were assessed 24 h after LLLI on gastrocnemius in aged rat. Results. Gastrocnemius muscle weights, gastrocnemius mass/body mass, Bcl-2/BAX ratio, Bcl-2 protein, IGF-1 protein, and the mRNA contents in SIRT1, PGC-1α, NRF1, TMF, and SOD2 were significantly (P<0.05 increased by LLLI compared to CON group without LLLI. However, levels of BAX protein and caspase 3 mRNA were significantly attenuated by LLLI compared to CON group (P<0.05. Conclusion. LLLI at 810 nm inhibits sarcopenia associated with upregulation of Bcl-2/BAX ratio and IGF-1 and SIRT1/PGC-1α axis mRNA expression in aged rats. This indicates that LLLI has potential to decrease progression of myocyte apoptosis in sarcopenic muscles.

  11. Melatonin may play a role in modulation of bax and bcl-2 expression levels to protect rat peripheral blood lymphocytes from gamma irradiation-induced apoptosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohseni, Mehran [Department of Radiology and Medical Physics, Faculty of Paramedicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mihandoost, Ehsan, E-mail: mihandoost.e@gmail.com [Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shirazi, Alireza [Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sepehrizadeh, Zargham [Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bazzaz, Javad Tavakkoly [Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghazi-khansari, Mahmoud [Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-10-15

    The close relationship between free radicals effects and apoptosis process has been proved. Melatonin has been reported as a direct free radical scavenger. We investigated the capability of melatonin in the modification of radiation-induced apoptosis and apoptosis-associated upstream regulators expression in rat peripheral blood lymphocytes. Rats were irradiated with a single whole body Cobalt 60-gamma radiation dose of 8 Gy at a dose rate of 101 cGy/min with or without melatonin pretreatments at different concentrations of 10 and 100 mg/kg body weight. The rats were divided into eight groups of control, irradiation-only, vehicle-only, vehicle plus irradiation, 10 mg/kg melatonin alone, 10 mg/kg melatonin plus irradiation, 100 mg/kg melatonin alone and 100 mg/kg melatonin plus irradiation. Rats were given an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of melatonin or the same volume of vehicle alone 1 h prior to irradiation. Blood samples were taken 4, 24, 48 and 72 h after irradiation for evaluation of flow cytometric analysis of apoptotic lymphocytes using Annexin V/PI assay and measurement of bax and bcl-2 expression using quantitative real-time PCR (RT{sup 2}qPCR). Irradiation-only and vehicle plus irradiation showed an increase in the percentage of apoptotic lymphocytes significantly different from control group (P < 0.01), while melatonin pretreatments in a dose-dependent manner reduced it as compared with the irradiation-only and vehicle plus irradiation groups (P < 0.01) in all time points. This reduced apoptosis by melatonin was related to the downregulation of bax, upregulation of bcl-2, and therefore reduction of bax/bcl-2 ratio. Our results suggest that melatonin in these doses may provide modulation of bax and bcl-2 expression as well as bax/bcl-2 ratio to protect rat peripheral blood lymphocytes from gamma irradiation-induced apoptosis.

  12. Cyclophilin A affects Bcl-2 and Bax expression following beta-amyloid fragment 25-35-induced injury to PC12 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Cheng; Chaodong Zhang

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cyclophilin A can protect neurons against oxidative stress.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cyclophilin A on Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression in pheochromocytoma (PCI2) cells treated with beta-amyloid fragment 25-35 (A β25-35), and to verify the protection pathway ofcyclophilin A.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The initial experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Department of Neurology, First Clinical College, China Medical University from November 2006 to July 2007.MATERIALS: PCI2 cells were cultured at the Cell Center of Peking Union Medical College. A β25-35 (Sigma, USA), antibodies of Bcl-2 and Bax (Wuhan Boster, China), and recombinant human cyclophilin A (Biomol, USA) were used in this study.METHODS: PC12 cells were divided into three groups. Cells in the control group were incubated in culture medium. Cells in the Aβ25-35 injury group were incubated in medium containing a final concentration of 10 μ mol/L of Aβ25-35. Cells in the cyclophilin A group were incubated in medium containing a final concentration of 10 nmol/L of cyclophilin A for 30 minutes, and then treated with 10 μmol/L Aβ25-35. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: After 24 hours of culture, immunohistochemistry was used to detect Bcl-2 and Bax expression in PC12 cells. Annexin-V flow cytometry was employed to measure the apoptosis rate of PC12 cells. The MTT method was applied to examine the survival rate of PC12 cells.RESULTS: Bcl-2 expression decreased, whereas Bax expression increased in PCI2 cells treated with Aβ25-35 (t = 2.277, 5.957, P<0.05). However, in PC12 cells treated with Aβ25-35 and cyclophilin A, Bcl-2 expression increased and Bax expression decreased (t = 4.497, 2.531, P < 0.05). The survival rate of PC12 cells significantly decreased and the apoptosis rate increased (t=8.509, 22.886, P < 0.05) following Aβ25-35 treatment. Cyclophilin A enhanced the survival rate of PC12 cells to Aβ25-35-induced apoptosis (t = 4.895, 10.042, P< 0.05).CONCLUSION: Cyclophilin A can

  13. 低频电磁场对大鼠生精细胞凋亡基因表达影响%Effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on Bax and Bcl-2 expression in spermatogenic cells of rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓芳; 段斐; 寇素茹; 刘晋芝; 马幼敏

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨极低频电磁场对大鼠生精细胞凋亡相关基因Bax和Bcl-2表达的影响.方法 Wistar大鼠60只随机分为低剂量(0.1 mT)、高剂量(12.8 mT)电磁场暴露组及对照组,每组20只,分别有10只持续暴露2和12周;用苏木苏-伊红(H-E)染色及免疫组织化学法观察睾丸形态学和细胞凋亡相关基因Bax、Bcl-2表达的变化,用图像分析系统进行测定.结果 低、高剂量电磁场暴露组暴露2周Bax灰度值分别为(25.58±4.98),(39.17±4.33);Bcl-2灰度值分别为(68.12±3.64),(39.62±4.35);暴露12周Bax灰度值分别为(40.12±2.45),(62.32±5.90);Bcl-2灰度值分别为(55.78±2.43)(23.84±3.62).结论 随着电磁场暴露频率的升高和时间的延长,大鼠生精细胞Bax的表达明显上调,Bcl-2的表达逐渐下调.%Objective To study the effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on Boa and Bcl-2 expres-sion in the spermatogertic cells of rats. Methods Sixty adult female Wistar rats were divided into 0. 1 naT, 12. 8 rat and control group. After electromagnetic radiation for 2 and 12 weeks, HE staining and immunohistochemical methods were used to detected Bax and Bcl-2 expression with image analysis. Results After electromagnetic exposure for 2 week,the gray scale values of Bax were 25.58±4. 98 and 39. 17±4. 33 for low and high intensity groups and that of Bcl-2 were 68. 12± 3. 64 and 39. 62±4.35. The gray scale values of Boa were 40.12±2.45 and 62.32±5.90 for low and high intensity groups for 12 weeks exposure and that of Bcl-2 were 55.7±2.43 and 23.84±3.62. Conclusion With the increase of exposure in-tensity and time, the Box and Bcl-2 exprseeion in spermatogenie cells in rats were gradually decreased.

  14. No dramatic age-related loss of hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons in Bcl-2 over-expression mice or Bax null mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ohlemiller Kevin K

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Age-related decline of neuronal function is associated with age-related structural changes. In the central nervous system, age-related decline of cognitive performance is thought to be caused by synaptic loss instead of neuronal loss. However, in the cochlea, age-related loss of hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs is consistently observed in a variety of species, including humans. Since age-related loss of these cells is a major contributing factor to presbycusis, it is important to study possible molecular mechanisms underlying this age-related cell death. Previous studies suggested that apoptotic pathways were involved in age-related loss of hair cells and SGNs. In the present study, we examined the role of Bcl-2 gene in age-related hearing loss. In one transgenic mouse line over-expressing human Bcl-2, there were no significant differences between transgenic mice and wild type littermate controls in their hearing thresholds during aging. Histological analysis of the hair cells and SGNs showed no significant conservation of these cells in transgenic animals compared to the wild type controls during aging. These data suggest that Bcl-2 overexpression has no significant effect on age-related loss of hair cells and SGNs. We also found no delay of age-related hearing loss in mice lacking Bax gene. These findings suggest that age-related hearing loss is not through an apoptotic pathway involving key members of Bcl-2 family.

  15. PESV对K562细胞BCR/ABL融合基因及凋亡调控因子Bcl-2、Bad表达的影响%The Effects of PESV on the Expression of BCR/ABL Fusion Gene and Bcl-2, Bad of Apoptosis Regulators on the K562 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于文俊; 杨文华; 杨向东; 史哲新; 王兴丽; 郝征; 张佳

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the PESV of K562 cells BCR / ABL fusion gene and apoptosis regulators bcl-2 and bad expression. Methods: K562 cells were cultured in vitro, by PESV for different times, the apoptosis rate by flow cytometry, fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR detection of BCR / ABL, Bcl-2, Bad mRNA level changes. Results: Compared with the control group, PESV treated K562 cells, apoptosis increased, BCR / ABL fusion gene reduced expression, anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 mRNA expression decreased, pro-apoptotic gene Bad mRNA expression. Conclusion: PESV reduced in K562 cells can reduce the BCR / ABL fusion gene, may regulate the expression of Bcl-2 and Bad, inhibit proliferation of K562 cells and promote their apoptosis.%目的:探讨PESV对K562细胞BCR/ABL融合基因及凋亡调控因子bcl-2和bad表达的影响.方法:将体外培养K562细胞,经PESV处理不同时间后,流式细胞术检测细胞凋亡率,荧光定量RT-PCR检测BCR/ABL、Bcl-2、Bad mRNA水平变化.结果:与对照组相比,PESV处理后K562细胞,凋亡率增加,BCR/ABL融合基因表达降低,抗凋亡相关基因Bcl-2 mRNA表达降低,促凋亡基因Bad mRNA表达增加.结论:PESV能降低降低K562细胞BCR/ABL融合基因的表达,可能通过调节Bcl-2和Bad表达,抑制K562细胞增殖,促进其凋亡.

  16. Identification of expression signatures predictive of sensitivity to the Bcl-2 family member inhibitor ABT-263 in small cell lung carcinoma and leukemia/lymphoma cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahir, Stephen K; Wass, John; Joseph, Mary K; Devanarayan, Viswanath; Hessler, Paul; Zhang, Haichao; Elmore, Steve W; Kroeger, Paul E; Tse, Christin; Rosenberg, Saul H; Anderson, Mark G

    2010-03-01

    ABT-263 inhibits the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Bcl-w and has single-agent efficacy in numerous small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and leukemia/lymphoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. It is currently in clinical trials for treating patients with SCLC and various leukemia/lymphomas. Identification of predictive markers for response will benefit the clinical development of ABT-263. We identified the expression of Bcl-2 family genes that correlated best with sensitivity to ABT-263 in a panel of 36 SCLC and 31 leukemia/lymphoma cell lines. In cells sensitive to ABT-263, expression of Bcl-2 and Noxa is elevated, whereas expression of Mcl-1 is higher in resistant cells. We also examined global expression differences to identify gene signature sets that correlated with sensitivity to ABT-263 to generate optimal signature sets predictive of sensitivity to ABT-263. Independent cell lines were used to verify the predictive power of the gene sets and to refine the optimal gene signatures. When comparing normal lung tissue and SCLC primary tumors, the expression pattern of these genes in the tumor tissue is most similar to sensitive SCLC lines, whereas normal tissue is most similar to resistant SCLC lines. Most of the genes identified using global expression patterns are related to the apoptotic pathway; however, all but Bcl-rambo are distinct from the Bcl-2 family. This study leverages global expression data to identify key gene expression patterns for sensitivity to ABT-263 in SCLC and leukemia/lymphoma and may provide guidance in the selection of patients in future clinical trials.

  17. New insights in the role of Bcl-2 Bcl-2 and the endoplasmic reticulum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudner, J; Jendrossek, V; Belka, C

    2002-10-01

    The oncogenic protein Bcl-2 which is expressed in membranes of different subcellular organelles protects cells from apoptosis induced by endogenic stimuli. Most of the results published so far emphasise the importance of Bcl-2 at the mitochondria. Several recent observations suggest a role of Bcl-2 at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Bcl-2 located at the ER was shown to interfere with apoptosis induction by Bax, ceramides, ionising radiation, serum withdrawal and c-myc expression. Although the detailed functions of Bcl-2 at the ER remain elusive, several speculative mechanisms may be supposed. For instance, Bcl-2 at the ER may regulate calcium fluxes between the ER and the mitochondria. In addition, Bcl-2 is able to interact with the endoplasmic protein Bap31 thus avoiding caspase activation at the ER. Bcl-2 may also abrogate the function of ER located pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 like proteins by heterodimerization. Current data on the function of Bcl-2 at the ER, its role for the modulation of calcium fluxes and its influence on caspase activation at the ER are reviewed.

  18. MDM-2、bcl-2 和Ki-67在子宫颈癌中的表达及其意义%Expression and Evaluation of MDM-2, bcl-2 and Ki-67 in Cervical Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏艳; 张建中

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨MDM-2、bcl-2和Ki-67在子宫颈癌的发生、发展过程中的作用.方法 采用免疫组化法检测MDM-2、bcl-2和Ki-67在31例子宫颈癌、13例子宫颈非典型性增生、15例正常子宫颈组织中的表达水平.结果 在31例子宫颈癌组织中MDM-2表达阳性11例,bcl-2阳性13例,Ki-67阳性15例.bcl-2、MDM-2和Ki-67三者共同阳性9例(29.03%).对31例子宫颈癌组织中MDM-2与bcl-2共同阳性者、MDM-2与Ki-67共同阳性者及Ki-67与bcl-2共同阳性者进行配对资料χ2检验,P<0.05.子宫颈癌组织中bcl-2、MDM-2和Ki-6阳性表达率彼此间存在着明显的正性相关关系.结论 联合检测MDM-2、bcl-2和Ki-67在子宫颈癌中的表达,显示三者具有明显相关性,与子宫颈癌的发生、发展有关.

  19. Aflatoxin B1 affects apoptosis and expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and Caspase-3 in thymus and bursa of fabricius in broiler chickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Xi; Chen, Kejie; Chen, Jin; Fang, Jing; Cui, Hengmin; Zuo, Zhicai; Deng, Junliang; Chen, Zhengli; Geng, Yi; Lai, Weimin

    2016-09-01

    Aflatoxin B1 is known as a mycotoxin that develops various health problems of animals, the effects of AFB1 on thymus and bursa of Fabricius in chickens are not clear. The objective of this study was to investigate the apoptosis of thymus and bursa of Fabricius in broilers fed with AFB1 . Two hundred Avian broilers were randomly divided into four groups of 50 each, namely control group and three AFB1 groups fed with 0.15 mg, 0.3 mg, and 0.6 mg AFB1 /kg diet, respectively. In this study, flow cytometer and immunohistochemical approaches were used to determine the percentage of apoptotic cells and the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and Caspase-3. The results showed that consumption of AFB1 diets results in increased percentage of apoptotic cells and increased expression of Caspase-3 in both thymus and bursa of Fabricius. The expression of Bax was increased and the expression of Bcl-2 was decreased in the thymus, but no significant changes in Bax and Bcl-2 expression were observed in the bursa of Fabricius when broilers fed with AFB1 . These findings suggest that adverse effects of AFB1 on thymus and bursa of Fabricius in broilers were confirmed by increased apoptotic cells and abnormal expression of Caspase-3. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 31: 1113-1120, 2016.

  20. Effects of Danggui-beimu-kushen Pill on expression of PCNA, bcl-2 and bax in BPH mice model%当归贝母苦参丸对良性前列腺增生模型小鼠PCNA、bcl-2和bax表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张奇峰; 黄宗轩; 高国政; 贺铁豪

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of Danggui-beimu-kushen Pill on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and its possible mechanism. Methods BPH model mouse was produced by intraperitoneal injection of testosterone propionate. The high, medium and low dose treatment group was fed high, middle and low dose of Danggui-beimu-kushen Pill respectively, while the positive control group was fed Qianliekang liquid, 600 mg/kg. All mice were executed on the 21 day. Such values were observed as the prostate index changes, pathological changes of prostate by HE staining light microscopy and the expression changes of PCNA,bcl-2 and bax by immunohistochemistry. Results The prostate index of the treatment group was lower than the model group; the PCNA and bcl-2 expression were lower than the model group, while the bax expression was higher than the model group. Meanwhile; there is no significant difference among the treatment groups.Moreover, the difference between the treatment groups and the positive control group has no statistic meaning.Conclusion Danggui-beimu-kushen Pill can suppress BPH in mice. The mechanism may be related to the reduction expression of cell-proliferation protein PCNA and apoptosis profilin bcl-2, and the increase of bax expression.%目的 探讨当归贝母苦参丸对良性前列腺增生(BPH)模型小鼠的影响及作用机理.方法 将60只雄性小鼠,按照随机数字表法随机分为6组:空白组,模型组,阳性对照组,高、中、低剂量治疗组.空白组给予腹腔注射12.5 mg/kg·d-1橄榄油,其他各组采用腹腔注射内酸睾酮原液制作小鼠BPH模型,同时高、中、低剂量治疗组分别予高、中、低剂量当归贝母苦参丸水煎溶液灌胃,阳性对照组灌胃前列康水混悬液600 mg/kg.给药第21天处死,观察前列腺指数(PI)的变化;HE染色光镜观察前列腺病理改变;免疫组化方法检测PCNA、bcl-2和bax表达的变化.结果 当归贝母苦参丸治疗组PI低于模型组;PCNA、bcl-2

  1. [Salidroside protects cultured rat subventricular zone neural stem cells against hypoxia injury by inhibiting Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 expressions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Cunfang; Zhang, Junfeng; Chen, Xinlin; Zhang, JiansHui; Yang, Pengbo; Jiao, Qian; Zhang, Pengbo; Lu, Hai-Xia; Liu, Yong

    2013-07-01

    To explore the effects of salidroside (sal) on the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax and caspases-3 proteins in cultured rat subventricular zone (SVZ) neural stem cells (NSCs) exposed to hypoxia injury. Primarily cultured SVZ NSCs from adult SD rats were incubated with salidroside (120 and 240 µmol/L) for 24 h prior to exposure to hypoxia. The cell viability was assessed with MTT assay, and the cell apoptosis was analyzed using TUNEL staining and flow cytometry. Western blotting was performed to detect the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 in the cells. Salidroside pretreatment of the cells for 24 h resulted in an obvious resistance to hypoxia-induced cell apoptosis and decrement of cell viability (PSalidroside also antagonized the effect of hypoxia exposure in lowering Bcl-2/Bax ratio apoptosis of rat neural stem cells and decreased the expression of caspases-3 protein (PSalidroside can significantly resist hypoxia-induced. The neuroprotective effect of salidroside may be related to the modulation of expressions of apoptosis-related proteins.

  2. The effect of Ginkgo biloba extract treatment in the Bcl-2 expression by osteoblasts in the femoral trabecular bone of Wistar rats with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leda M.F. Lucinda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Evaluate the effect of the extract of Ginkgo biloba L., Ginkgoaceae (EGb in the Bcl-2 expression by osteoblasts in the femoral trabecular bone of Wistar rats with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Rats were divided into five groups: osteoporosis; EGb1 (28 mg/kg; EGb2 (56 mg/kg; alendronate (0.2 mg/animal and control. The treatments were conducted for 20 or 30 days. The Bcl-2 expression by osteoblasts cells was evaluated in the femoral trabecular bone. The control group was compared with the osteoporosis-induced group (Student's t-test. The other groups were analyzed by ANOVA test followed by Tukey's test (p < 0.05. The percentage of Bcl-2 expression was reduced, when the control group (17.95 ± 3.45 20 days; 21.11 ± 3.43 30 days was compared with the osteoporosis group (10.64 ± 3.30 20 days; 9.72 ± 2.84 30 days. Nevertheless, this percentage increased in the EGb2 group (18.58 ± 3.41 20 days; 16.51 ± 1.80 30 days when compared to the osteoporosis group. The EGb increased the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein, suggesting a decrease in osteoblast apoptosis.

  3. U-74389G对大鼠脑创伤后细胞凋亡 及bcl-2表达的影响%Effect of U-74389G on apoptosis and bcl-2 expression following traumatic brain injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆纯; 朱诚; 卢亦成; 江基尧; 张光霁; 袁国梁; 蔡如珏

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship of oxidative stress with apoptosis and bcl-2 expression following traumatic brain injury (TBI).   Methods Male SD rats were subjected to lateral fluid percussion brain injury (FPI) of moderate severity. U-74389G (20 mg/kg) was administered intravenously before FPI. The neurological functions were estimated by beam-walk test and beam-balance test. In addition to morphological evidence of apoptosis, TUNEL histochemistry was used to identify DNA fragmentation in situ at both light and electron microscopic levels. Whereas characteristic of internucleosomal DNA fragmentation of apoptosis was demonstrated by DNA gel electrophoresis. Bcl-2 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results The scores of beam-walk test and the beam-balance test were significantly improved (P<0.01) in the treated animals. The treatment significantly reduced the number of apoptotic cells that we counted in the areas from ipsilateral to the injured hemisphere at various time points following TBI. No DNA ladder was detected in the treated rats. Bcl-2 expression was observed in the cerebral cortex, subcortical white matter, dentate gyrus, and hippocampal CA1 and CA3 region ipsilateral to injured hemisphere. Bcl-2 positive cells displayed normal nuclear morphology. Little Bcl-2 positive cells revealed morphological feature of apoptosis or necrosis. The immunoreactivity of Bcl-2 protein decreased significantly in the hippocampus ipsilateral impact site as early as 6 hours after injury. In the U-74389G treated groups, the down-regulation of bcl-2 expression was halted.  Conclusions U-74389G may block oxidative stress and halt the down-regulation of bcl-2 expression. These may be one of the molecular mechanisms of the neuroprotective effects by U-74389G.%目的探讨脂质过氧化反应与脑损伤后细胞凋亡及bcl-2基因表达的关系。方法在大鼠液压颅脑损伤模型中,观察其运动神经功能;脑创伤后

  4. Bcl-2 over-expression and activation of protein kinase C suppress the Trail-induced apoptosis in Jurkat T cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Trail,a tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand,is a novel potent endogenous activator of the cell death pathway through the activation of cell surface death receptors Trail-R1 and Trail-R2.Its role,like FasL in activation-induced cell death(AICD),has been demonstrated in immune system.However the mechanism of Trail induced apoptosis remains unclear.In this report,the recombinant Trail protein was expressed and purified.The apoptosis-inducing activity and the regulation mechanism of recombinant Trail on Jurkat T cells were explored in vitro.Trypan blue exclusion assay demonstrated that the recombinant Trail protein actively killed Jurkat T cells in a dose-dependent manner.Trail-induced apoptosis in Jurkat T cells were remarkably reduced by Bcl-2 over expression in Bcl-2 gene transfected cells.Treatment with PMA(phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate),a PKC activator,suppressed Trail-induced apoptosis in Jurkat T cells.The inhibition of apoptosis by PMA was abolished by pretreatment with Bis,a PKC inhibitor.Taken together,it was suggested that Bcl-2 over-expression and PMA activated PKC actively down-regulated the Trail-mediated apoptosis in Jurkat T cell.

  5. Expression levels of the BAK1 and BCL2 genes highlight the role of apoptosis in age-related hearing impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falah, Masoumeh; Najafi, Mohammad; Houshmand, Massoud; Farhadi, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is a progressive and a common sensory disorder in the elderly and will become an increasingly important clinical problem given the growing elderly population. Apoptosis of cochlear cells is an important factor in animal models of ARHI. As these cells cannot regenerate, their loss leads to irreversible hearing impairment. Identification of molecular mechanisms can facilitate disease prevention and effective treatment. In this study, we compared the expression of the genes BAK1 and BCL2 as two arms of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway between patients with ARHI and healthy subjects. ARHI and healthy subjects were selected after an ear nose throat examination, otoscopic investigation, and pure tone audiometry. RNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples, and relative gene expression levels were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. BAK1 and the BAK1/BCL2 ratio were statistically significantly upregulated in the ARHI subjects. The BAK1/BCL2 ratio was positively correlated with the results of the audiometric tests. Our results indicate that BAK-mediated apoptosis may be a core mechanism in the progression of ARHI in humans, similar to finding in animal models. Moreover, the gene expression changes in peripheral blood samples could be used as a rapid and simple biomarker for early detection of ARHI. PMID:27555755

  6. Formononetin Induces Apoptosis of Human Osteosarcoma Cell Line U2OS by Regulating the Expression of Bcl-2, Bax and MiR-375 In Vitro and In Vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Hu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Phytoestrogens are known to prevent tumor progression by inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. Formononetin is one of the main components of red clover plants, and is considered as a typical phytoestrogen. This study investigates formononetin induction of apoptosis of human osteosarcoma cell line U2OS by regulating Bcl-2 and Bax expression in vitro and in vivo. Methods: U2OS cells were treated with different concentrations of formononetin and the proliferation of the cells was measured using an MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. The levels of miR-375, Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression in treated cells were determined by Western blot and RT-PCR. The antitumor activity of formononetin was also evaluated in vivo in nude mice bearing orthotopic tumor implants. Results: High concentrations of formononetin significantly suppress the proliferation of U2OS cells and induce cell apoptosis. Moreover, compared to control group the expression of Bcl-2 and miR-375 decreases with formononetin in the U2OS cells, while Bax increases. Conclusion: Formononetin has inhibitory effects on the proliferation of U2SO cells, both in vitro and in vivo. This antitumor effect is directly correlated with formononetin concentration.

  7. MicroRNA-650 was a prognostic factor in human lung adenocarcinoma and confers the docetaxel chemoresistance of lung adenocarcinoma cells via regulating Bcl-2/Bax expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Yuan Huang

    Full Text Available Increasing evidence shows that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs is involved in malignant transformation. We investigated the clinical significance of miR-650 and its involvement in chemoresistance to docetaxel. Our results showed that the relative expression level of miR-650 was significantly higher in LAD tissues than in corresponding nontumor tissues and high level of miR-650 expression was found to be significantly associated with high incidence of lymph node metastasis, advanced clinical stage and poor prognosis of LAD patients. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that high miR-650 expression was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Also, we found that the level of miR-650 in LAD tissues was correlated with the response of patients to docetaxel-based chemotherapy. Silencing of miR-650 could increase the in vitro sensitivity of docetaxel-resistant LAD cells to docetaxel, while upregulation of miR-650 decreased the sensitivity of parental LAD cells to docetaxel both in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, silencing of miR-650 could enhance the caspase-3-dependent apoptosis, which might be correlated with the decreased ratio of Bcl-2/Bax. Further researches suggested that inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4 was a direct target of miR-650. Downregulated or upregulated ING4 expression could partially rescue the effects of miR-650 inhibitor or mimics in docetaxel-resistant or parental LAD cells. Furthermore, we found that ING4 was upregulated in docetaxel-responding LAD tissues, and its expression was inversely correlated with miR-650. Thus, miR-650 is a novel prognostic marker in LAD and its expression is a potential indicator of chemosensitivity to docetaxel-based chemotherapy regimen.

  8. Expression of Etk/Bmx tyrosine kinase in the tumorigenicity of nasopharyngeal epithelium and its relation with EB virus infection and the apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Linlang; Guo, Ying; Xiao, Sha

    2006-02-08

    We compared Etk/Bmx expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and non-neoplastic nasopharyngeal lesions in order to learn whether the expression of this non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase is associated with the development of NPC. We also related Etk/Bmx expression to factors resulting from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. We used immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization to examine 20 non-neoplastic nasopharyngeal lesions and 49 cases of NPC to assess Etk/Bmx, EB virus latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1), Bcl-2 and EBV-encoded small RNA-1 expression in these samples. Etk/Bmx expression was present in the basal cell nuclei of the nasopharyngeal epithelium in 1/9 (11.1%) cases of chronic nasopharyngitis and 2/11 cases (18.2%) of dysplasia. While 13/49 (26.5%) NPC cases expressed Etk/Bmx, the difference in frequency between the expression of Etk/Bmx in the non-neoplastic and NPC cases was not significant. Etk/Bmx expression was correlated with the presence of EBER-1 immunopositivity in dysplasia and in NPC but not in chronic nasopharyngitis. The presence of Etk/Bmx immunopositivity was independent of the expression of either LMP-1 or Bcl-2 in either the nasopharyngeal carcinoma or the non-neoplastic lesions. This suggests that in some cases of non-neoplastic and neoplastic nasopharyngeal lesions, Etk/Bmx may participate in regulating epithelial differentiation. While EBV-related small RNA-1 may participate in this regulation, neither LMP-1 or Bcl-2 expression appears to be related to Etk/Bmx expression.

  9. Cotton Leaf Curl Multan Betasatellite DNA as a Tool to Deliver and Express the Human B-Cell Lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) Gene in Plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharazmi, Sara; Ataie Kachoie, Elham; Behjatnia, Seyed Ali Akbar

    2016-05-01

    The betasatellite DNA associated with Cotton leaf curl Multan virus (CLCuMB) contains a single complementary-sense ORF, βC1, which is a pathogenicity determinant. CLCuMB was able to replicate in plants in the presence of diverse helper geminiviruses, including Tomato leaf curl virus-Australia (TLCV-Au), Iranian isolate of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV-[Ab]), and Beet curly top virus (BCTV-Svr), and can be used as a plant gene delivery vector. To test the hypothesis that CLCuMB has the potential to act as an animal gene delivery vector, a specific insertion construct was produced by the introduction of a human B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) cDNA into a mutant DNA of CLCuMB in which the βC1 was deleted (β∆C1). The recombinant βΔC1-Bcl-2 construct was successfully replicated in tomato and tobacco plants in the presence of TLCV-Au, BCTV-Svr and TYLCV-[Ab]. Real-time PCR and Western blot analyses of plants containing the replicative forms of recombinant βΔC1-Bcl-2 DNA showed that Bcl-2 gene was expressed in an acceptable level in these plants, indicating that β∆C1 can be used as a tool to deliver and express animal genes in plants. This CLCuMB-based system, having its own promoter activity, offers the possibility of production of animal recombinant proteins in plants.

  10. Deregulated expression of A1, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1 antiapoptotic proteins and Bid, Bad, and Bax proapoptotic genes in polycythemia vera patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elainy Patricia Lino Gasparotto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Apoptosis deregulation might have a role in the pathophysiology of polycythemia vera (PV. This study evaluated Bcl-2 molecule expression in CD34+ cells and leukocytes in 12 PV patients. Gene expression was investigated by real time PCR using SybrGreen Quantitect kit and protein expression was evaluated by western-blotting. JAK2 V617F mutation was detected according to Baxter et al (2005. CD34+ cells from PV patients presented higher levels of A1 and Mcl-1 expression (median: 22.6 and 5.2, respectively in comparison with controls (0.9 and 0.5, p=0.004 and p=0.020; while Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression decreased in PV patients (0.18 and 1.19 compared with controls (1.39 and 2.01, p=0.006 and p=0.020. CD34+ cells in PV patients showed an elevated Bid expression (14.4 in comparison with healthy subjects (1.0; p=0.002. Patients' leukocytes showed an A1 augmentation (7.41, p=0.001 and a reduced expression of Bax (0.19; p=0.040 and Bad (0.2; p=0.030. There was no correlation between JAK2 V617F allele burden and molecular expression. PV patients showed alterations in Bcl-2 members' expression, which may interfere with control of apoptotic machinery and contribute to disease pathogenesis.A desregulação da apoptose parece participar da fisiopatologia da policitemia vera (PV. Este estudo avaliou a expressão das moléculas da família Bcl-2 em células hematopoéticas CD34 + e leucócitos de 12 pacientes com PV. Foram realizados: a quantificação da expressão gênica por PCR em tempo real utilizando kit Sybrgreen Quantitect, avaliação da expressão de proteínas por western-blot e detecção da mutação JAK2 V617F segundo Baxter et al. (2005. Células CD34 + dos pacientes com PV apresentaram maior expressão de A1 e Mcl-1 (mediana: 22,6 e 5,2, respectivamente em comparação com controles (0,9 e 0,5, p = 0,004 e p = 0,020 e expressão de Bcl-2 e Bcl-xL diminuída nestes pacientes (0,18 e 1,19 em relação aos controles (1,39 e 2,01, p = 0,006 e p = 0

  11. Effects of acupoint versus non-acupoint electroacupuncture on cerebral cortical neuronal Bcl-2,Bax and caspase-3 expression in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Wang; Junming Fan; Yongshu Dong; Xia Huang; Hongxia Zhang

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that electroacupuncture by acupoint selection can inhibit cerebral cortical neuronal apoptosis following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion.OBJECTIVE: To validate the effects of electroacupuncture by acupoint selection on the expression level of cortical neuronal anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein and the apoptotic executive protein, caspase-3, in rat models of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: This randomized grouping, neural cell and molecular biology animal experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Laboratory Animal Center of Henan Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine between November 2006 and May 2007.MATERIALS: Atotal of 40 healthy male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly and evenly divided into four groups: sham-operated, model, electroacupuncture and non-acupoint control. G6895 electro-acupuncture instruments were purchased from Shanghai Huayi Instrument Factory, China. Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax kits were provided by Wuhan Boster Bioengineering Co., Ltd., China.METHODS: Middle cerebral artery occlusion was induced in the model, electroacupuncture and non-acupoint groups. In the electroacupuncture group, the acupoints Jianyu (LI15), Waiguan (SJ5), Biguan (ST31), and Zusanli (ST36) were given electroacupuncture. In the non-acupoint control group, at each time point (immediately after ischemia and after reperfusion, or 2 hours after reperfusion), electroacupuncture was performed at the midpoints of Tianquan (PC2)-Quze (PC 3) line, Quze (PC 3)-Ximen (PC4) line, Zuwuli (LRlO)-Yinbao (LRg) line, and Xiguan (LR7)-Zhongdu (LR6) line. Electroacupuncture parameters were set with a continuous wave with a frequency of 10 Hz, wave width 0.6 ms, voltage 1.5-3.0 V, and a duration of 10 minutes. The sham-operated and model groups received only animal fixation without electroacupuncture procedure.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Five rats were selected from

  12. Angiopoietin-1 mRNA and Bcl-2 expression following estradiol treatment in ovariectomized rats with focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rong Gu; Minghua Liu; Yonghong Wang; Yuanda Zhou; Haixia He

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Estrogen has been clinically demonstrated to attenuate ischemic brain injury.However,the precise mechanisms remain controversial.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of estradiol on angiopoietin-1 mRNA and Bcl-2 expression,as well as apoptosis and cerebral blood flow,in ovariectomized rats with focal cerebral ischemia following reperfusion.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:Randomized,controlled,animal experiment.The study was performed at the Central Laboratory,Chongqing Medical University from September to December 2005.MATERIALS:Estradiot benzoate was purchased from Shanghai Ninth Pharmaceutical Factory;corn oil was purchased from Walmart Supercenter;TUNEL kit,rabbit anti-rat Bcl-2 polyclonal antibody,and biotin-labeled goat anti-rabbit antibody were purchased from Wuhan Boster,China.METHODS:Healthy,female,6-month-old Wistar rats-wild-type and estrogen alpha receptor gene knockout (ERKO)-were randomly divided into estradiol and control groups with 25 animals in each group.The rats were intramuscularly injected with estradiol benzoate (100 μg/kg per day) at 30 days following bilateral ovariectomy or corn oil (1 mL/kg per day) for seven consecutive days.Following administration,cerebral ischemia/reperfusion models were established using the right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method.After 30 minutes of MCAO,estradiol and control groups were separately injected with estradiol benzoate and corn oil with the above-mentioned doses.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Cell apoptosis was determined by TUNEL;angiopoietin-1 mRNAand Bcl-2 gene expression was determined,respectively,by immunohistochemical staining and RT-PCR.In addition,changes in cerebral blood flow were measured by laser Doppler flowmetry.RESULTS:Changes in angiopoietin-1 mRNA and cerebral blood flow in estradiol-treated,wild-type,MCAO rats following ischemia/reperfusion were greater than in control rats (P<0.01 or 0.05).However,no significant difference was observed between estradiol-treated ERKO MCAO rats

  13. Nerve growth factor affects focal cerebral cortical neuronal Bcl-2 and Bax expression in a mouse model of oxyhemoglobin-induced subarachnoid hemorrhage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xianfeng Jiang; Wei Shi; Jin Liang

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) can induce brain cell apoptosis in vivo.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of exogenous nerve growth factor (NGF) on cerebral cortical neuronal Bcl-2 and Bax expression in mice with OxyHb-induced subarachnoid hemorrhage.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A completely randomized grouping, controlled animal experiment was performed at the Experimental Center for Biomedicine, College of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University between February and April 2005.MATERIALS: Fifty-four healthy, male, adult, ICR mice were included in this study. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced by a subarachnoid injection of OxyHb in 48 mice. Mouse NGF was obtained from Xiamcn Beidazhilu Bioengineering Co., Ltd., China.METHODS: All 54 mice were randomly divided into three groups: control (n = 6), injury (n = 24), and NGF (n = 24). The NGF group received a subarachnoidal administration of OxyHb, immediately followed by a caudal vein injection of NGF (1 μg). The injury group was injected with OxyHb, and subsequently with physiological saline. Thc control group only received intravenous physiological saline.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: At 1, 6, 24, and 48 hours following subarachnoid hemorrhage induction,expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by immunohistochemistry in the cerebral cortex 3 mm anterior and posterior to the injection site.RESULTS: At all time points following OxyHb injection, cerebral cortical Bax levels were significantly higher in the injured group than in the control and NGF groups (P < 0.01). During the first 24 hours following OxyHb injection, cerebral cortical Bcl-2 levels were significantly lower in the injury group compared to the control group (P < 0.05 0.01). Between 1 and 48 hours, Bcl-2 levels were significantly higher in the NGF group than in the injury group (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Exogenous NGF can inhibit increased neuronal Bax expression and decreased Bcl-2expression in the cerebral cortex of mice with Oxy

  14. P53,Bax,Bcl-2蛋白表达及细胞凋亡在急性放射性皮肤溃疡发生发展过程中的作用探讨%The role of P53, Bax, Bcl-2 expression and cell apoptosis in the formation and development of acute radiation-induced skin ulcers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷庆阳; 曹卫红; 王德文; 高亚兵; 杨志祥; 赵坡

    2001-01-01

    28 to 35, and was localized in vascular endotheliocytes, some fibroblasts and proliferating keratinocytes. Bcl-2 was weakly positive during days 1 to 11 after irradiation, and was located in keratinocytes, hair follicular cells and some vascular endotheliocytes. Bcl-2 was negative during days 11 to 40.The rate of cell apoptosis, especially of vascular endotheliocytes,wash igher than that in the early process of normal wound healing. Conclusions:After irradiation,the increased expression of the apoptosis-inducing protein P53, Bax and the decreased expression of the apoptosis-inhibiting protein Bcl-2 might be associated with the high rate of apoptotic events, and play important roles in the formation and development of radiation skin ulcers.

  15. Genetic dissimilarity between primary colorectal carcinomas and their lymph node metastases: ploidy, p53, bcl-2, and c-myc expression--a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalata, Khaled Refaat; Elshal, Mohamed Farouk; Foda, Abd AlRahman Mohammad; Shoma, Ashraf

    2015-08-01

    The current paradigm of metastasis proposes that rare cells within primary tumors acquire metastatic capability via sequential mutations, suggesting that metastases are genetically dissimilar from their primary tumors. This study investigated the changes in the level of expression of a well-defined panel of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis markers between the primary colorectal cancer (CRC) and the corresponding synchronous lymph node (LN) metastasis from the same patients. DNA flow cytometry and immunostaining of p53, bcl-2, and c-myc were carried out on 36 cases of CRC radical resection specimens with their corresponding LN metastases. There was very low probability that the histological patterns of primary tumors and LN metastases are independent (p < 0.001). Metastatic tumors were significantly more diffusely positive for p53 than the primary tumors (p < 0.001). Conversely, primary tumors were significantly more diffusely positive for c-myc than metastatic tumors (p = 0.011). No significant difference was found between the LNs and the primary tumors in bcl-2 positivity (p = 0.538) and DNA aneuploidy (p = 0.35), with a tendency towards negative bcl-2 and less aneuploidy in LN metastases than primary tumors. In conclusion, LN metastatic colorectal carcinomas have a tendency of being less differentiated, with a higher incidence of diffuse p53 staining, lower incidence of bcl-2 staining, and less aneuploidy in comparison to their primary counterparts suggesting a more aggressive biological behavior, which could indicate the necessity for more aggressive adjuvant therapy.

  16. 乳腺癌中COX-2、Bax、Bcl-2的表达及熊果酸的干预作用%The expressions of COX-2, Bax and Bcl-2 in the tissues of breast cancer and intervention effect of ursolic acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐新伟; 郭玲玲; 顾振纶; 蒋小岗; 周文轩; 郭次仪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expressions of COX-2, Bcl-2 and Bax mRNA in human breast cancer SK-BR-3 cells after incubation with UA and to dedect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in the tissue of breast cancer, and to provide a reliable experimental basis for clinical applicaton of UA. Methods The expressions of COX-2, Bcl-2 and Bax mRNA in SK-BR-3 cells were determined by RT-PCR;The expressions of COX-2,Bcl-2 and Bax protein in estrogen receptor(ER)-negative and human epidermal growth-factor 2 ( HER2 ) positivity human breast cancer were determined by immunohistochemistry. Results The expression of COX-2 and Bcl-2 mRNA of SK-BR-3 cells treated by UA for 48 h decreased ( P < 0. 05 ) , Bcl-2 / Bax reduced ( P < 0. 05 ) , whereas the expression of Bax mRNA unchanged; The positivvity rate of COX-2 , Bcl-2 . Bax protein in estrogen receptor-negative and human epidermal growth-factor 2 positive breast cancer were 86. 67% (26/30) , 63. 33% (19/30) and 56. 67% (17/30) Respectively. The expression of COX-2 and Bax was negatively correlated(P <0. 05) , whereas the expression of COX-2 and Bcl-2 was no significant correlation. Conclusion UA inhibites COX-2 and Bcl-2 mRNA expression and reduces the ratio of Bcl-2 / Bax; There is a higher positive expression of COX-2 in estrogen receptor-negative and human epidermal growth-factor 2 positive human breast cancer;The expression of COX-2 and Bax is negatively correlated, whereas the expression of COX-2 and Bcl-2 is-no significant correlation.%目的 研究熊果酸(UA)对人乳腺癌SK-BR-3细胞COX-2、Bax、Bcl-2 mRNA的表达的影响,结合人体乳腺癌组织凋亡相关蛋白表达检测,探讨其作用机制,为UA的临床应用提供实验依据.方法 RT-PCR技术检测SK-BR-3细胞中COX-2、Bax、Bcl-2 mRNA的表达;免疫组织化学技术检测雌激素受体(ER)(-),人表皮生长因子受体-2(HER-2)(+)的人乳腺癌组织中COX-2、Bax、Bcl-2蛋白的表达.结果 UA作用48 h

  17. The expression of Bax, Bcl-2 and NF-κB in the early stage of liver regeneration%Bax、Bcl-2和NF-κB在肝再生早期中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜赵康; 杨开明

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究在大鼠大部肝切除(partial hepatectomy,PH)术后细胞凋亡调节基因(Bcl-2 associated X protein Bax)、Bcl-2(B-cell lymphoma-2)及NF-κB(nuclear factor-kappa B)三者的分布和表达,探讨三者在肝再生早期中的调节机制及其相互调控作用.方法 采用SD大鼠35只分7组,每组5只构建大鼠肝脏再生模型,并在显微镜下观察肝大部切除后早期(0.5、1、4、6、8、12、24 h)肝组织的形态学变化,采用免疫组织化学SABC法检测Bax、Bcl-2、NF-κB在正常肝组织中的表达,并研究在肝再生早期中的分布及表达变化.结果 Bax、Bcl-2、NF-κB在正常肝组织未见表达,但在PH后30 min,Bax、Bcl-2及NF-κB即在肝细胞和胆管上皮细胞和肝血窦内皮内开始出现表达,PH后6h表达达到高峰,之后其表达逐渐下降,而Bcl-2的表达一直保持在较高水平.NF-κB于PH后6h表达出现高峰后其表达逐渐下调,24h时NF-κB表达上调,出现另一表达高峰.结论 肝大部切除后再生早期,存在着凋亡和抑制凋亡的分子调控机制,NF-κB的表达可能与激活Bcl-2、抑制肝细胞的凋亡从而促进肝细胞再生有关.

  18. 地西他滨对胃癌SGC7901细胞系BCL2L10基因表达及其生物学特性的影响%Effects of decitabine on the expression of BCL2L10 and biological behaviors in gastric cancer cell line SGC7901

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔秀敏; 王晓兰

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察抗肿瘤新药地西他滨对胃癌细胞系SGC7901中抗凋亡基因BCL2L10启动子甲基化及基因表达的影响,探讨其对胃癌细胞生物学行为的影响.方法:用浓度为5、10 μmol/L的地西他滨处理胃癌细胞SGC7901,应用甲基化特异性PCR检测BCL2L10基因启动子甲基化状况,应用免疫印迹检测BCL2L10蛋白表达,MTS法检测细胞增殖情况,annexin V-FITC/PI双染检测细胞凋亡,siRNA干扰BCL2L10表达以探讨地西他滨可能的作用机制.结果:SGC7901细胞中BCL2L10基因以启动子甲基化方式失活,地西他滨呈剂量依赖方式逆转其甲基化程度,恢复基因表达,同时可见细胞增殖受到抑制,凋亡比例增加,而干扰BCL2L10可对抗地西他滨的抗肿瘤效应.结论:地西他滨可通过逆转胃癌SGC7901细胞系BCL2L10启动子甲基化而恢复其表达,表现出抗肿瘤活性,具有潜在的临床应用价值.%Objective:To investigate the impact of decitabine on the methylation of BCL2L10 promoter and gene expression in gastric cancer cell line SGC7901,and to explore its effects on the oncological behavior of gastric cancer.Methods:SGC7901 cells were treated with decitabine at the concentration of 5μmol/L and 10μmol/L.The methylation status of BCL2L10 promoter was detected by methylation-specific PCR,and the protein expression was detected by immunoblotting.The proliferation of SGC7901 cells was measured with MTS reagent,and the apoptosis was examined by annexin V-FITC/PI double staining.BLC2L10-specific siRNA was constructed and transfected into SGC7901 cells to further explore the potential mechanisms of decitabine.Results:The promoter of BCL2L10 in SGC7901 cells was hypermethylated and its expression was completely lost.Decitabine treatment reversed the methylation status of BCL2L10 and restored its protein expression in a dose-dependent manner.Meanwhile,the proliferation of SGC7901 was inhibited by decitabine treatment,whereas the apoptotic rate was

  19. The Expression of MALT1 and Bcl2 in Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue and Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma and Its Significance%MALT1及Bcl2在MALT和DLBCL中的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松; 杨文秀; 刘启兰; 郭宏伟; 裴媛媛

    2009-01-01

    目的: 了解MALT1和Bcl2表达对黏膜相关组织结外边缘区B细胞淋巴瘤(MALT)和弥漫大B细胞淋巴瘤(DLBCL)的影响及肿瘤中两种蛋白表达的相互关系.方法: 收集MALT和DLBCL 64例,常规HE及免疫组织化学染色,观察两种淋巴瘤的组织形态学特点,检查肿瘤细胞的免疫表型和MALT1、Bcl2的表达,收集临床病理资料并随访,对所有资料进行统计学分析.结果: MALT1和Bcl2两种蛋白表达在MALT和DLBCL差异无显著性,较晚临床分期病例的表达明显多于较早分期病例,有淋巴结累及病例的表达明显多于无累及病例,肿瘤中两种蛋白的表达有明显的相关关系,生存状况MALT1阳性病例较阴性病例差、Bcl2阳性病例较阴性病例差,但无统计学意义.结论: Bcl2在MALT和DLBCL的表达可能与MALT1引起的NFκB异常活化有关,两种蛋白的表达对MALT和DLBCL的临床病理特征有明显影响.

  20. 角果木提取物tagalsin对H22细胞原位移植肝癌p53和Bcl-2表达的影响%Effect of tagalsin on p53 and Bcl-2 expression in hepatoma H22 tumor-bearing mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋修岐; 郭云良; 王炳高; 孙少杰; 姚如永

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of tagalsin on hepatoma cells. Methods The animal models were established by transplanting H22 mouse hepatoma cells to mouse liver, and ten days later the mice were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, carmofur positive group and tagalsin groups, including low-dose, middle-dose and high-dose groups. Then medicine or oil was given to the mice by gastric gavage in consecutive 5 days with a 2-days interval as a course of treatment, two courses in all. All mice were killed at 24 hours after medication, and the survival period, ascites conditions, aggressive conditions intra- or extra- liver, weight changes, tumor volume and spleen index of the tumor-bearing mice were observed. Pathological changes of the tumors were examined. Apoptotic factors p53 and Bcl-2 protien and mRNA were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results tagalsin inhibited the hepatoma growth effectively without influencing spleen index to some extent. The tumor inhibition rate of tagalsin low, middle and high dose groups were 17.9%, 63.1% and 71.8%, respectively. Immunohistochemical results showed that the p53 and Bcl-2 protein positive cell counts of the positive control and experimental groups were significantly lower than those of the blank group (P<0.01). RT-PCR results showed that the p53 mRNA expression was significantly enhanced and Bcl-2 mRNA expression was decreased in the positive control groups and tagalsin treatment groups, especially in the high dose group, compared with those of the blank group (P<0.05). Conclusions tagalsin can inhibit the growth of mouse hepatoma cells significantly. The mechanism of its anti-tumor effect may work via up-regulating the wild type p53 gene expression and down-regulating Bcl-2 gene expression and thus regulating tumor cell apoptosis.%目的 探讨角果木提取物tagalsin对小鼠原位移植肝癌的干预作用.方法 建立小鼠原位

  1. 硝苯地平对人牙龈上皮细胞bcl-2基因表达的影响%Nifedipine regulated expression of bcl-2 in human gingival epithelial cells in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文海燕; 束蓉; 蒋少云; 姜云涛

    2010-01-01

    目的:体外观察硝苯地平(nifedipine,NIF)对人牙龈上皮细胞(human gingival epithelial cells,HGECs)bcl-2基因转录水平的调节,探讨NIF诱导的药物性牙龈增生(drug-induced gingival overgrowth,DGO)与凋亡抑制基因bcl-2的相关性.方法:采用牙周手术切除的健康牙龈组织.用酶消化法分离培养HGECs;免疫组织化学方法对培养细胞进行细胞鉴定;实时定量PCR技术检测不同浓度NIF(1 μg/ml、2 μg/ml和3 μg/ml)刺激下HGECs中bcl-2 mRNA水平,以0 μg/ml NIF为空白对照.采用SPSS 11.0软件包对所得数据进行单因素方差分析.结果:酶消化法获得的HGECs在体外培养中生长状态良好;免疫组织化学显示,HGECs抗角蛋白染色阳性,抗波形蛋白染色阴性;NIF处理24h后的HGECs bcl-2 mRNA水平随NIF浓度的增高而上升,3 μg/ml浓度组与空白对照组有显著差异(P<0.05);NIF处理48h后.2 μg/ml、3 μg/ml浓度组HGECs bcl-2 mRNA水平与空白对照组差异明显(P<0.05).结论:NIF调节体外培养的HGECs中bcl-2基因转录的水平.

  2. Disturbance of Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-3, Ki-67 and C-myc expression in acute and subchronic exposure to benzo(a)pyrene in cervix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Meili; Li, Yongfei; Ji, Xiaoying; Xue, Xiaochang; Chen, Lan; Feng, Guodong; Zhang, Huqin; Wang, Huichun; Shah, Walayat; Hou, Zhanwu; Kong, Yu

    2016-03-01

    Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that cigarette smoking is an important cofactor or an independent risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is one of the most potent tobacco smoke carcinogens in tobacco smoke. BaP induced DNA damage and over expression in p53 cervical tissue of mice as demonstrated in our previous study. Here we present the findings of exposure to BaP on the expression of Bcl-2, C-myc, Ki-67, Caspase-3 and Bax genes in mouse cervix. Acute intraperitoneal administration of BaP (12.5, 25, 50, 100mg/kg body weight) to ICR female mice induced a significant increase in Bcl-2, C-myc, Ki-67 mRNA and protein level till 72h except in Bcl-2 at 24h with 12.5, 25, 50mg/kg as well as at 48h with 12.5mg/kg body weight post treatment. A significant increase was also seen in Caspase-3 and Bax mRNA and protein level with peak level at 24h and gradual decrease till 72h, however, the expression of caspase-3 increased while that of Bax decreased with increasing dose of Bap after 24h. In sub chronic intraperitoneal and oral gavage administration of BaP (2.5, 5, 10mg/kg body weight), similar significant increase was observed for all the examined genes as compared to the control and vehicle groups, however the expression of Bax decreased in a dose dependent manner. The findings of this study will help in further understanding the molecular mechanism of BaP induced carcinogenesis of cervical cancer.

  3. Apoptosis Mediated by HIV Protease is Preceded by Cleavage of Bcl-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strack, Peter R.; West Frey, Michelle; Rizzo, Christopher J.; Cordova, Beverly; George, Henry J.; Meade, Raymond; Ho, Siew Peng; Corman, Jeanne; Tritch, Radonna; Korant, Bruce D.

    1996-09-01

    Expression of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) protease in cultured cells leads to apoptosis, preceded by cleavage of bcl-2, a key negative regulator of cell death. In contrast, a high level of bcl-2 protects cells in vitro and in vivo from the viral protease and prevents cell death following HIV infection of human lymphocytes, while reducing the yields of viral structural proteins, infectivity, and tumor necrosis factor α . We present a model for HIV replication in which the viral protease depletes the infected cells of bcl-2, leading to oxidative stress-dependent activation of NFkappa B, a cellular factor required for HIV transcription, and ultimately to cell death. Purified bcl-2 is cleaved by HIV protease between phenylalanine 112 and alanine 113. The results suggest a new option for HIV gene therapy; bcl-2 muteins that have noncleavable alterations surrounding the HIV protease cleavage site.

  4. Targeted nano-delivery of novel omega-3 conjugate against hepatocellular carcinoma: Regulating COX-2/bcl-2 expression in an animal model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Azmat Ali; Alanazi, Amer M; Jabeen, Mumtaz; Hassan, Iftekhar; Bhat, Mashooq Ahmad

    2016-07-01

    The present approach enumerates the effectiveness of tuftsin tagged nano-liposome for the cytosolic transport of 2,6-di-isopropylphenol-linolenic acid conjugate against liver cancer in mice. Initially, the conjugate in its free form was examined for anticancer potential on HepG2 liver cancer cells. Induction of apoptosis and suppression of migration and adhesion of HepG2 cells confirmed the effectiveness of conjugate as an anticancer agent. After this, role of the conjugate entrapped in a nano-carrier was evaluated in animal model. The nano-formulation comprising of conjugate bearing tuftsin tagged liposome was firsly characterized and then its therapeutic effect was determined. The nano-formulation had 100-130nm size nanoparticles and showed sustained release of the conjugate in the surrounding milieu. The nano-formulation distinctly reduced the expression of COX-2, an important molecule that is vastly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma. The utilization of in-house engineered nano-formulation was also successful in significantly up-regulating Bax and down-regulating bcl-2 gene expression eventually helping in better survival of treated mice. Histopathological analysis also revealed positive recovery of the general architecture and the violent death of cancer cells by apoptosis at tumor specific site. The site specific delivery of conjugate entrapped in tuftsin tagged liposomes was highly safe as well as efficaceous. Nano-formulation based approach showed a visible chemotherapeutic effect on liver cancer progression in experimental mice thereby making it a potential candidate for treatment of liver cancer in clinical settings.

  5. The pan-Bcl-2 blocker obatoclax promotes the expression of Puma, Noxa, and Bim mRNA and induces apoptosis in neoplastic mast cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Barbara; Cerny-Reiterer, Sabine; Hadzijusufovic, Emir; Schuch, Karina; Stefanzl, Gabriele; Eisenwort, Gregor; Gleixner, Karoline V; Hoermann, Gregor; Mayerhofer, Matthias; Kundi, Michael; Baumgartner, Sigrid; Sperr, Wolfgang R; Pickl, Winfried F; Willmann, Michael; Valent, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Advanced SM is an incurable neoplasm with short survival time. So far, no effective therapy is available for these patients. We and others have shown recently that neoplastic MC in ASM and MCL express antiapoptotic Mcl-1, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xL. In this study, we examined the effects of the pan-Bcl-2 family blocker obatoclax (GX015-070) on primary neoplastic MC, the human MC leukemia cell line HMC-1, and the canine mastocytoma cell line C2. Obatoclax was found to inhibit proliferation in primary human neoplastic MC (IC₅₀: 0.057 μM), in HMC-1.2 cells expressing KIT D816V (IC₅₀: 0.72 μM), and in HMC-1.1 cells lacking KIT D816V (IC₅₀: 0.09 μM), as well as in C2 cells (IC₅₀: 0.74 μM). The growth-inhibitory effects of obatoclax in HMC-1 cells were accompanied by an increase in expression of Puma, Noxa, and Bim mRNA, as well as by apoptosis, as evidenced by microscopy, TUNEL assay, and caspase cleavage. Viral-mediated overexpression of Mcl-1, Bcl-xL, or Bcl-2 in HMC-1 cells was found to introduce partial resistance against apoptosis-inducing effects of obatoclax. We were also able to show that obatoclax synergizes with several other antineoplastic drugs, including dasatinib, midostaurin, and bortezomib, in producing apoptosis and/or growth arrest in neoplastic MC. Together, obatoclax exerts major growth-inhibitory effects on neoplastic MC and potentiates the antineoplastic activity of other targeted drugs. Whether these drug effects can be translated to application in patients with advanced SM remains to be determined.

  6. Decrease of survivin, p53 and Bcl-2 expression in chemorefractory colorectal liver metastases may be predictive of radiosensivity radiosensivity after radioembolization with yttrium-90 resin microspheres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melucci, Elisa; Cosimelli, Maurizio; Carpanese, Livio; Pizzi, Giuseppe; Izzo, Francesco; Fiore, Francesco; Golfieri, Rita; Giampalma, Emanuela; Sperduti, Isabella; Ercolani, Cristiana; Sciuto, Rosa; Mancini, Raffaello; Garufi, Carlo; Diodoro, Maria Grazia; Mottolese, Marcella

    2013-03-06

    In a prospective multicenter phase II trial of radioembolization with yttrium-90 ((90)Y-RE) in chemorefractory liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), we showed that median survival was 12.6 months (95% CI 7.0-18.3) with 48% of 50 patients achieving disease control. In this extension retrospective study, we analyzed whether a panel of biomarkers, known to be associated to an adverse clinical outcome, underwent variations in CRC liver metastases pre and post (90)Y-RE.Of the 50 patients included in the study, 29 pre-(90)Y-RE therapy and 15 post-(90)Y-RE had liver biopsy specimens available. In these series we investigated survivin, p53, Bcl-2 and Ki-67 expression pre- and post-(90)Y-RE by immuhistochemistry (IHC). Our findings evidenced a decrease of survivin (77% vs 33%), p53 (93% vs 73%), Bcl-2 (37% vs 26%) expression as well as of Ki-67 proliferation index (62.5% vs 40%) on liver biopsies collected post-(90)Y-RE as compared to pre-(90)Y-RE. In the subset of 13 matched liver metastases we further confirmed the reduction of survivin (92.3% vs 53.8%; p = 0.06), p53 (100% vs 69.2%; p = 0.05) and Bcl-2 (69.2% vs 53.8%; p = 0.05) expression post-(90)Y-RE. This biomarker modulation was accompanied by morphological changes as steatohepatitis, hepatocyte necrosis, collagen deposition, proliferating and/or bile duct ectasia, focal sinusoidal dilatation and fibrosis.Although our analysis was conducted in a very limited number cases, these changes appear strictly related to the response to (90)Y-RE therapy and may deserve further investigation on a larger series of patients.

  7. Expression levels of the BAK1 and BCL2 genes highlight the role of apoptosis in age-related hearing impairment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falah M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Masoumeh Falah,1,2 Mohammad Najafi,2 Massoud Houshmand,3 Mohammad Farhadi1 1ENT and Head & Neck Research Center and Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Biochemistry Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Department of Medical Genetics, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran Abstract: Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI is a progressive and a common sensory disorder in the elderly and will become an increasingly important clinical problem given the growing elderly population. Apoptosis of cochlear cells is an important factor in animal models of ARHI. As these cells cannot regenerate, their loss leads to irreversible hearing impairment. Identification of molecular mechanisms can facilitate disease prevention and effective treatment. In this study, we compared the expression of the genes BAK1 and BCL2 as two arms of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway between patients with ARHI and healthy subjects. ARHI and healthy subjects were selected after an ear nose throat examination, otoscopic investigation, and pure tone audiometry. RNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples, and relative gene expression levels were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. BAK1 and the BAK1/BCL2 ratio were statistically significantly upregulated in the ARHI subjects. The BAK1/BCL2 ratio was positively correlated with the results of the audiometric tests. Our results indicate that BAK-mediated apoptosis may be a core mechanism in the progression of ARHI in humans, similar to finding in animal models. Moreover, the gene expression changes in peripheral blood samples could be used as a rapid and simple biomarker for early detection of ARHI. Keywords: age-related hearing impairment (ARHI, presbycusis, biomarker, treatment

  8. Inhibitory effect and affect on Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression of renal cancer prescription No.1 in mice with renal cancer%解氏肾癌一号方对小鼠肾癌的抑制作用及对Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱成功; 崔佳; 赵莹莹; 解建国

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate inhibitory effect and affect on Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression of renal cancer prescription No.1 in mice with renal cancer. Methods The animal models of renal cancer were established and divided into saline control group,Chinese medicine control group,interleukin-2 group and renal cancer prescription NO.1 group. Inhibitory rate of tumor in four groups was calculated and the apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 and Bax index were de-tected by immuno- histochemistry. Results The inhibitory rate of tumor in renal cancer prescription NO.1 group was higher than that in saline control group and interleukin-2 group respectively,and the weight of mice was increased.The expression of Bcl-2 in renal cancer prescription NO.1 group was lower,but expression of Bax in renal cancer prescrip-tion NO.1 group was higher. Conclusion Renal cancer prescription NO.1 can inhibit the expression of Bcl-2,raise the expression of Bax,and suppress tumor growth,improve the quality of life in mice.%目的:探讨解氏肾癌一号方对小鼠肾癌的抑制作用及对Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的影响。方法建立肾癌小鼠动物模型,分为生理盐水对照组、中药对照组、白介素-2组、解氏肾癌一号方组,计算各组抑瘤率以及采用免疫组化法检测凋亡相关蛋白Bcl-2和Bax的表达。结果解氏肾癌一号方组抑瘤率高于生理盐水对照组及白介素-2组,小鼠体重增加。解氏肾癌一号方组小鼠肿瘤组织Bcl-2表达下调,Bax表达上调。结论解氏肾癌一号方可以下调Bcl-2的表达,上调Bax的表达,从而抑制肿瘤生长,改善小鼠的生存质量。

  9. In situ hybridisation detects pro-apoptotic gene expression of a Bcl-2 family member in white syndrome-affected coral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainsworth, T D; Knack, B; Ukani, L; Seneca, F; Weiss, Y; Leggat, W

    2015-12-09

    White syndrome has been described as one of the most prolific diseases on the Great Barrier Reef. Previously, apoptotic cell death has been described as the mechanism driving the characteristic rapid tissue loss associated with this disease, but the molecular mechanisms controlling apoptotic cell death in coral disease have yet to be investigated. In situ methods were used to study the expression patterns of 2 distinct regulators of apoptosis in Acropora hyacinthus tissues undergoing white syndrome and apoptotic cell death. Apoptotic genes within the Bcl-2 family were not localized in apparently healthy coral tissues. However, a Bcl-2 family member (bax-like) was found to localize to cells and tissues affected by white syndrome and those with morphological evidence for apoptosis. A potential up-regulation of pro-apoptotic or bax-like gene expression in tissues with apoptotic cell death adjacent to disease lesions is consistent with apoptosis being the primary cause of rapid tissue loss in coral affected by white syndrome. Pro-apoptotic (bax-like) expression in desmocytes and the basal tissue layer, the calicodermis, distant from the disease lesion suggests that apoptosis may also underlie the sloughing of healthy tissues associated with the characteristic, rapid spread of tissue loss, evident of this disease. This study also shows that in situ hybridisation is an effective tool for studying gene expression in adult corals, and wider application of these methods should allow a better understanding of many aspects of coral biology and disease pathology.

  10. Expressions of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in Related Encephalic Region of Rats with Poisoning of Methamphetamine%甲基苯丙胺中毒大鼠相关脑区Caspase-3和Bcl-2表达的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段晓飞; 邓冲; 曾晓锋; 赵永和; 王尚文; 李桢

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究凋亡相关因子Caspase-3和Bcl-2在甲基苯丙胺神经毒性机制中所发挥的作用.方法:40只健康雄性SD大鼠随机分为对照组(n=10)和实验组(又分为3个亚组,分别为注射1天后、4天后、7天后,n=10).实验组给予20mg/kg的甲基苯丙胺腹腔注射,对照组给予相同剂量的生理盐水注射.用免疫组化检测中毒大鼠相关脑区Caspase-3和Bcl-2的表达,用图像分析技术对检测结果进行分析.结果:Caspase-3在中毒大鼠不同脑区表达逐渐增加并可见明显的阳性信号;Bcl-2在中毒大鼠不同脑区表达逐渐减弱.结论:凋亡相关因子Caspase-3和Bcl-2参与了甲基苯丙胺神经毒性机制.%Objective: To study the function of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 protein in the methamphetamine mechanism. Methods: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (n=10) and experimental group(dividing it into the first, fourth and seventh group after the injection, n=10). Rats in the experimental group were intraperitoneal injected with methamphetamine hydrochloride (20mg/kg), and those in the control group were injected with saline with the same volume. Then examining the protein expression of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 of poisoning rats in related encephalic region by immunohistochemistry technique and analyzing the test results through image. Results: Expression of Caspase-3 increased significantly in the related encephalicregion in rat poisoning of methamphetamine where exist more clearly positive signal. Express of Bcl-2 the reduced gruadually in the related encephalicregion in rat poisoning of methamphetamine. Conclusion: The abnormal expression of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 shows that they take part in the Methamphetamine-lnduced Neurotoxicity.

  11. Apoptosis of Hepatoma Cell Line HepG2 Induced by the Combination of Radiotherapy and Thermotherapy and Its Relationship with Bcl-2/Bax Protein Expressions%放疗联合热疗诱导肝癌HepG2细胞凋亡及其与Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张力; 龚明玉; 李毅学; 张立广; 王兴艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the apoptosis of hepatoma cell line HepG2 induced by the combination of radiotherapy and thermotherapy and its relationship with Bcl - 2/Bax protein expressions. Methods In vitro cultured HepG2 cells were randomly divided into four groups: control group ( not treated ), radiotherapy group, thermotherapy group, and combination group. The apoptosis of HepG2 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of the apoptosis-related proteins of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by immunohistochemical methods. Results The apoptosis rates of HepG2 cells were significantly different among these four groups ( P < 0. 05 ). The apoptosis rates were significantly higher in radiotherapy group, thermotherapy group, and combination group than in control group ( P <0. 05 ). It was also significantly higher in combination group than in radiotherapy group and thermotherapy group ( P < 0. 05 ). The expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio were also significantly different among these four groups ( P <0. 05 ). The expression of Bcl -2 protein were significantly decreased and the expression of Bax protein significantly increased in radiotherapy group, thermotherapy group, and combination group than in control group ( both P < 0. 05 ), and the Bax/Bcl - 2 ratio was also significantly increased ( P < 0. 05 ). The expression of Bcl - 2 protein were significantly decreased and the expression of Bax protein significantly increased in combination group than in radiotherapy group and thermotherapy group ( both P < 0. 05 ), and the Bax/Bcl - 2 ratio was also significantly increased ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion The combination of radiotherapy and thermotherapy can more effectively induce the apoptosis of HepG2, and it may be achieved by inhibiting the expression of Bcl - 2 protein and promoting the expression of Bax protein.%目的 探讨放疗联合热疗诱导人肝癌HepG2细胞凋亡及其与Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的关系.方法

  12. EFFECTS OF BOTH GDNF AND HSV-GDNF ON Bcl-2 EXPRESSION IN SPINAL CORD MOTOR NEURONS AFTER SCIATIC NERVE INJURY IN RATS%GDNF及HSV-GDNF对坐骨神经损伤大鼠脊髓运动神经元 Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王常利; 苏剑斌; 鄂玲玲; 周长满

    2001-01-01

    目的 观察胶质细胞源性神经营养因子(GDNF)及单纯疱疹病毒(HSV)载体介导的GDNF(HSV-GDNF)对坐骨神经损伤大鼠脊髓运动神经元Bcl-2表达的影响。 方法 分别取坐骨神经损伤后4d、7d和14d大鼠(分成对照组、GDNF组和HSV-GDNF组)的腰段脊髓(L4~6),行石蜡包埋、切片;用抗Bcl-2抗血清进行免疫组织化学染色,观察Bcl-2免疫反应(Bcl-2-IR)神经元数目,并在图像分析仪上对Bcl-2-IR阳性神经元作光密度的色谱分析。 结果1.坐骨神经损伤后4d、7d时,GDNF组和HSV-GDNF组损伤侧脊髓运动神经元Bcl-2-IR阳性神经元的数量和平均光密度均明显高于对照组损伤侧。2.坐骨神经损伤后14d时,对照组、GDNF组和HSV-GDNF组损伤侧脊髓运动神经元对Bcl-2的表达已无明显差别。 结论 GDNF与HSV-GDNF能够增强坐骨神经损伤大鼠脊髓运动神经元Bcl-2的表达,减少神经元的退化死亡。%Objective To observe the effects of GDNF and HSV-GDNF on B cl-2expression in spinal cord motor neurons after sciatic nerve injury in rats . Methods Lumbar of spinal cord was immunohistochemically stained b y using the antiserum of Bcl-2.The number and mean optical densities of Bcl-2 i mmunoreactive(Bcl-2-IR)positive neurons were counted and observed. Results The number and mean optical densities of Bcl-2-IR positi ve neurons were significantly increased in GDNF and HSV-GDNF 4 days and 7 days after sciatic nerve injury.But differences of the number and the mean optical de nsities of Bcl-2-IR positive neurons were not obvious in three groups 14 days after sciatic nerve injury. Conclusion Local application of GDNF and HSV-GDNF to transected s ciatic nerve can prevent the massive neuron apoptosis or programmed cell death i nduced by nerve injury.

  13. Effects of Selenium Dioxide on Apoptosis, Bcl-2 and P53 Expression, Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Calcium Level in Three Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEIYaming; YUHaijian; ZHAOXiyan; BAIHai

    2004-01-01

    To evaluate the anti-tumor effects of SeO2 and its mechanisms on three human lung cancer cell lines. Methods: Three lung cancer cells A549, GLC-82 and PG were treated with 3-30 μmol/L SeO2. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis, and analyze the changes of expression of p53 and Bcl-2, as well as ROS and Ca2+ level within cells. Results:SeO2 markedly inhibited cell proliferation and viability, and prompted apoptosis after 48 h treatment. SeO2 at 10 μmol/L induced 47.8% apoptosis in A549 cells, 40.8% in GLC-82 cells, 18.2% in PG cells. SeO2 at 30 μmol/L induced 37.8% apoposis in PG cells,but did not increase apoptotic raes in other two cells. SeO2 could down-regulate the mean fluorescent intensity of Bcl-2 from 65.8 to 9.6 in A549, but not in GLC-82 and in PG, cells, up-regulate wild type p53 level in all three cells. SeO2 decreased the ROS and Ca2+ level markedly within three tested cells. Conclusion: SeO2 showed anti-tumor effect via apoptosis pathway in three lung cancer cell lines. The decrease of ROS and Ca2+ level within cells as well as regulation of Bcl-2 and p53 expression may play important roles in above apoptotic procedure.

  14. Inotodiol inhabits proliferation and induces apoptosis through modulating expression of cyclinE, p27, bcl-2, and bax in human cervical cancer HeLa cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Li-Wei; Zhong, Xiu-Hong; Yang, Shu-Yan; Zhang, Yi-Zhong; Yang, Ning-Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Inonotus obliquus is a medicinal mushroom that has been used as an effective agent to treat various diseases such as diabetes, tuberculosis and cancer. Inotodiol, an included triterpenoid shows significant anti-tumor effect. However, the mechanisms have not been well documented. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of inotodiol on proliferation and apoptosis in human cervical cancer HeLa cells and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. HeLa cells were treated with different concentrations of inotodiol. The MTT assay was used to evaluate cell proliferating ability, flow cytometry (FCM) was employed for cell cycle analysis and cell apoptosis, while expression of cyclinE, p27, bcl-2 and bax was detected by immunocytochemistry. Proliferation of HeLa cells was inhibited by inotodiolin a dose-dependent manner at 24h (r=0.9999, pHeLa cells was detected after treatment and the apoptosis rate with the concentration and longer incubation time (r=1.0, pHeLa cells and induced apoptosis in vitro. The mechanisms may be related to promoting apoptosis through increasing the expression of bax and cutting bcl-2 and affecting the cell cycle by down-regulation the expression of cyclin E and up-regulation of p27. The results further indicate the potential value of inotodiol for treatment of human cervical cancer.

  15. Effects of combined Ginkgo biloba extraction with edaravone on brain cell apoptosis and bcl-2/bax expression in rats with Qi deficiency and blood stasis after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury%银杏叶提取物联合依达拉奉对气虚血瘀型脑缺血再灌注大鼠细胞凋亡及bcl-2/bax表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯晞; 梁枫; 李爱剑; 王灿; 戴体俊; 桂常青

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effects of combined extraction of Ginkgo biloba leaves ( EGb ) with edaravone (ED) on brain cell apoptosis and bcl-2/bax expression in rat models with deficiency of Qi and blood stasis after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. Methods: Rat models with Qi deficiency and blood stasis were initially developed by starvation,fatigue and intake of high-fat diet, followed by temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion for 2 hours for cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury. After 72-hour therapy of the injury, we observed the effects of single use of EGb and ED as well as combined both agents, respectively, on the brain cell apoptosis and bcl-2/bax expression in the animal models. Results:Simple EGb and ED as well as combined use of the both agents could delay the cell apoptosis, down-regulate the expression of bax but increase bcl-2 except for reduction of the nerve cell injury as compared with the model group( P <0. 01 ). Importantly, the effects appeared prominent by combination of the two agents. Conclusion: Combined use of EGb and ED can decrease the expression of bax gene, yet increase bcl-2 expression to inhibit the nerve cell apoptosis and quicken the neurofunctional recovery, suggesting that the two agents play synergistic roles in protecting the brain from cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury.%目的:观察银杏叶提取物(EGb)与依达拉奉(ED)联合应用对气虚血瘀型脑缺血再灌注大鼠脑组织细胞凋亡率及bcl-2/bax表达的影响.方法:采用饥饿、疲劳、高脂饮食等复制大鼠气虚血瘀模型,再用线栓法阻断大脑中动脉2 h,再灌注治疗72 h后,观察EGb、ED及EGb+ED组对气虚血瘀型脑缺血再灌注损伤大鼠脑组织细胞凋亡率及bcl-2/bax表达的影响.结果:与模型组比较,EGb、ED及EGb+ED组均能降低气虚血瘀型脑缺血再灌注损伤大鼠脑组织凋亡细胞数(P<0.01),下调bax基因表达,上调bcl-2基因表达,减轻神经细胞损伤(P<0.01),两药联用

  16. Expression of apoptosis related genes bax, bcl-2 and bcl-X in human gastric cancer: early results of an investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico D'Ugo

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Background. Evidences indicate an involvement of apoptosis related genes in gastric carcinogenesis. We studied the gene and protein expression patterns of bcl-2, bax and bcl-X in samples of gastric adenocarcinoma. The apoptotic index values, histological type, differentiation grade, cancer stage and lymph node status were statistically analysed for possible correlations with expressional data.

    Methods. Thirty specimens of gastric cancer and respective normal control gastric mucosa were collected from patients with the diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent a curative gastrectomy. bcl-2, bax and bcl-XL mRNA and protein levels were respectively determined by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR and western blot using monoclonal antibodies for immunodetection.

    Results and conclusions.We observed a significant suppression of bax with an increase of bcl-XL at protein and mRNA levels. The presence of lymph node metastases was statistically related to the loss of bax overexpression. Bcl-XL was mostly up-regulated in intestinal/mixed types of gastric carcinoma. The expression patterns described confirm the role for these apoptosis genes in gastric adenocarcinoma.

  17. Amygdalin induces apoptosis through regulation of Bax and Bcl-2 expressions in human DU145 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Hyun-Kyung; Shin, Mal-Soon; Yang, Hye-Young; Lee, Jin-Woo; Kim, Young-Sick; Lee, Myoung-Hwa; Kim, Jullia; Kim, Khae-Hawn; Kim, Chang-Ju

    2006-08-01

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common non-skin cancers in men. Amygdalin is one of the nitrilosides, natural cyanide-containing substances abundant in the seeds of plants of the prunasin family that have been used to treat cancers and relieve pain. In particular, D-amygdalin (D-mandelonitrile-beta-D-gentiobioside) is known to exhibit selective killing effect on cancer cells. Apoptosis, programmed cell death, is an important mechanism in cancer treatment. In the present study, we prepared the aqueous extract of the amygdalin from Armeniacae semen and investigated whether this extract induces apoptotic cell death in human DU145 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells. In the present results, DU145 and LNCaP cells treated with amygdalin exhibited several morphological characteristics of apoptosis. Treatment with amygdalin increased expression of Bax, a pro-apoptotic protein, decreased expression of Bcl-2, an anti-apoptotic protein, and increased caspase-3 enzyme activity in DU145 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Here, we have shown that amygdalin induces apoptotic cell death in human DU145 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells by caspase-3 activation through down-regulation of Bcl-2 and up-regulation of Bax. The present study reveals that amygdalin may offer a valuable option for the treatment of prostate cancers.

  18. 多氯联苯对大鼠睾丸bcl-2及TGFβ1表达影响的研究%Effects of Polychlorinatal Biphenyl on bcl-2 and TGFβ1 Expression in Rat Testes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常德辉; 马彗; 杨银书; 李天真; 赵红斌

    2005-01-01

    目的:探讨多氯联苯(PCB)对大鼠睾丸结构及功能的影响.方法:选用Wistar雄性大鼠40只随机分为4组,A组饲喂正常饲料,B组饲喂含10-8mol/L PCB饲料,C组饲喂含10-7mol/L PCB饲料,D组饲喂含10-6mol/LPCB饲料,饲喂3个月后建立慢性PCB毒性动物模型,用光镜、免疫组化技术研究PCB对大鼠睾丸结构及功能的影响.结果:PCB对大鼠睾丸结构的损伤同PCB剂量呈正相关,高剂量PCB组睾丸组织结构受损严重;PCB能诱导bcl-2和TGFβ1表达,PCB能诱导睾丸组织bcl-2和TGFβl的表达,两者的表达强度同PCB的浓度相关;高浓度组TGFβl的阳性率明显高于对照组和其他组(P<0.01),C组bcl-2阳性率明显高于对照组和其他组(P<0.01).结论:PCB对大鼠睾丸组织结构及功能产生明显的损伤作用.

  19. Expression and significance of COX-2 protein and BCL-2 protein in distal transitional mucosa adjacent to rectal carcinoma%直肠癌远端移行黏膜COX-2及BCL-2蛋白的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞国栋; 周东风; 李扬; 梁亿波; 崔琳

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To detect the expressions of COX-2 protein and BCL-2 protein in transitional mucosa adjacent to rectal carcinoma,and determine whether the transitional mucosa was the cancer precursor event.Methods:Mucin histochemical method was employed to detect the distal mucosa 2 cm away from rectal tumor and the transitional mucosa was found in 54 cases of rectal carcinoma.Immunohistochemical method was used to investigate the expressions of BCL-2 and COX-2 protein in the specimen of rectal carcinoma mass,transitional mucosa and non-transitional mucosa,and 20 cases of normal rectal mucosa,and the points of the expressions of COX-2 protein and BCL-2 protein were counted.Results:35.19%(19/54)of distal mucosa were characterized as the transitional mucosa.The expressions of COX-2 and BCL-2 protein were detected in carcinoma mass and distal mucosa.Significant difference was observed in carcinoma mass and transitional mucosa(p0.05),as well as transitional mucosa and normal mucosa(p>0.05).Conclusion:The performance of transitional mucosa was not the cancer precursor event,but the non-specificity reaction of carcinoma or inflammation.%目的:探讨直肠癌远端移行黏膜COX-2及BCL-2蛋白的表达情况,判断直肠癌远端移行黏膜是否为癌前病变.方法:应用高铁二胺-阿辛蓝染色(HID/AB)检测54例直肠癌远端2 cm处黏膜,将远端黏膜分为移行黏膜(transitional mucosa,TM)组及非移行黏膜(non-transitional mucosa,NTM)组,通过免疫组织化学(s-p法)的方法检测两组黏膜组织、肿瘤组织以及20例手术切除的直肠良性息肉旁(cm)肠黏膜组织中COX-2蛋白和BCL-2蛋白的表达情况.比较TM内BCL-2以及COX-2的表达与其余各组的表达的差异.结果:54例直肠癌远端2cm处黏膜有移行黏膜19例,非移行黏膜35例.TM和NTM内均可检测到BCL-2及COX-2蛋白的表达,二者与肿瘤内BCL-2及COX-2蛋白的表达有显著差异(P0.05),移行黏膜内COX-2、BCL-2蛋白的表达与非移行黏

  20. The role of the expression of bcl-2, p53 gene in tamoxifen-induced apoptosis of breast cancer cells and its relationship with hormone receptor status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noh, Woo Chul; Ham, Yong Ho [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-01-01

    To investigate the relationship of bcl-2, p53, ER and tamoxifen-induced apoptosis of breast cancer cells, MCF-7 (ER+/bcl-2+/p53-) and MB MDA 468 (ER-/bcl-2-/p53+) cell line were cultured in estrogen-free condition. E2(10`-`9M) and tamoxifen (10`-`5M) were added to the media. The changes of bcl-2 and mutant p53 protein were checked by Western blot and apoptosis were measured by flowcytometry. In MCF-7 cells, we found that treatment with tamoxifen resulted in a decrease in bcl-2 protein level, but produced no change in mutant p53. In MB MDA 468 cell however, there were no changes of bcl-2 and mutant p53 protein level when E2 or tamoxifen were added. Apoptotic cells increased with time-dependent pattern when tamoxifen was added to MCF-7 cells. According to these result, ER+/blc-2+/mutant p53- cells, when treated with tamoxifen, were converted into bcl-2/mutant p53- cells which were more prone to apoptosis than bcl-2-/mutant p53+ cells. The paradoxical correlation of bcl-2 and ER which had been observed in clinical studies might be explained with this results and bcl-2 protein seems to be one of important factors that can predict the effect of hormone therapy. (author). 26 refs., 5 figs

  1. Smac和Bcl-2在食管鳞状细胞癌中的表达及其临床意义%Expression of Smac and Bcl-2 in esophageal squamous carcinoma and its clinical significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪琰; 冯晓飞; 孟宪利; 刘庆熠

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨食管鳞状细胞癌组织中Smae、Bel-2的表达与食管癌病理生理特征的关系.方法 取经病理证实为食管鳞状细胞癌的组织蜡块92例,应用流式细胞术测定标本中Smac及Bcl-2的表达.结果 Smae的阳性表达率随生存期的延长而增加,在各生存组中的表达有统计学差异(P<0.05).Bel-2的阳性表达率随生存期的延长而减少,在各生存组中的表达有统计学差异(P<0.05).Smae阳性表达率高的食管鳞状细胞癌患者的术后生存期长,累计生存期高;Bel-2阳性表达率高患者的生存期较短,累计生存率低.结论 Smac抑制食管癌细胞的淋巴结转移,Bcl-2促进食管癌细胞的外侵及淋巴结转移.

  2. Altered expression of Bcl-2, c-Myc, H-Ras, K-Ras, and N-Ras does not influence the course of mycosis fungoides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maj, Joanna; Jankowska-Konsur, Alina; Plomer-Niezgoda, Ewa; Sadakierska-Chudy, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Data about genetic alterations in mycosis fungoides (MF) are limited and their significance not fully elucidated. The aim of the study was to explore the expression of various oncogenes in MF and to assess their influence on the disease course. Material and methods Skin biopsies from 27 MF patients (14 with early MF and 13 with advanced disease) and 8 healthy volunteers were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect Bcl-2, c-Myc, H-Ras, K-Ras and N-Ras expression. All PCR reactions were performed using an Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR System and interpreted using Sequence Detection Systems software which utilizes the comparative delta Ct method. The level of mRNA was normalized to GAPDH expression. All data were analyzed statistically. Results All evaluated oncogenes were found to be expressed in the skin from healthy controls and MF patients. Bcl-2 (–4.2 ±2.2 vs. –2.2 ±1.1; p = 0.01), H-Ras (–3.0 ±3.3 vs. 0.6 ±2.6; p = 0.01) and N-Ras (–3.6 ±2.0 vs. –1.1 ±2.4; p = 0.03) were expressed at significantly lower levels in MF. No relationships between oncogene expression and disease stage, presence of distant metastases and survival were observed (p > 0.05 for all comparisons). Conclusions The pathogenic role and prognostic significance of analyzed oncogenes in MF seem to be limited and further studies are needed to establish better prognostic factors for patients suffering from MF. PMID:24273576

  3. Expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in Oral Leukoplakia and Oral Lichen Planus and Their Significance%Bcl-2与Bax蛋白在口腔黏膜白斑和扁平苔藓组织中表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满一; 钟良军; 王国锋

    2012-01-01

    [目的]探讨扁平苔藓、口腔白斑病变发展过程中细胞凋亡相关蛋白Bcl-2和Bax表达,分析其意义.[方法]选择正常口腔黏膜上皮25例(A组),口腔黏膜白斑29例(B组),扁平苔藓25例(C组),比较三组细胞凋亡指数(AI)、Bcl-2与Bax蛋白表达水平.[结果]A组AI 14.41±0.01显著低于B组、C组的47.16±0.05、39.42±0.14,其差异有统计学意义(p<0.05);与A组相比,B组和C组的Bcl-2,Bax阳性表达率明显提高(P<0.01),染色强度随增生程度而增加,Bax表达随组织学分级而增强.[结论]在白斑的病变发展与恶转过程中,口腔黏膜上皮细胞的凋亡状况发生质与量的变化,Bcl-2、Bax可能参与了白斑癌变的转化过程,但二者的作用相互对抗.扁平苔藓的发病机制可能与Bcl-2在特定部位的表达有关.%[Objective]To explore the expressions of apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 and Bax in the development of oral leukoplakia(OLK) and oral lichen planus(OLP) , and to analyze their significance. [Methods] Totally 25 cases of normal oral mucosa epithelium(group A) , 29 cases of OLK(group B) and 25 cases of OLP(group C) were chosen. Apoptosis index(AI) and the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were compared among 3 groups. [Re-sults] AI in group A was 14. 41 + 0. 01, which was obviously lower than that in group B and C(47. 16 + 0. 05 and 39.42 + 0. 14), and there were significant differences( P expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in group B and C obviously increased( P expression of Bax increased with histological grade. [Conclusion]In the development and carcinogenesis of leukoplakia, cell apoptosis of oral mucosa epithelium has the change on quality and quantity. Bcl-2 and Bax may involve in the transformation of leukoplakia into cancer, but their actions are opposite each other. The pathogenic mechanism of OLP may be associated with the expression of Bcl-2 at a specific

  4. Expression and significance of AP-2α,Bcl-2 and C-myc in severe preeclampsia%AP-2α、Bcl-2及C-myc在重度子痫前期患者胎盘组织中的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲; 曾宪旭; 张展; 常爱民

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨转录因子激活蛋白-2α( AP-2α)与B淋巴细胞瘤-2基因( Bcl-2)、C-myc在重度子痫前期胎盘组织中的表达及其意义。方法采用免疫组化法及实时荧光定量-PCR( RT-PCR)的方法,检测重度子痫前期组胎盘组织及正常对照组胎盘组织中AP-2α及Bcl-2、C-myc蛋白及mRNA的表达。结果重度子痫前期组胎盘组织中AP-2α蛋白明显高于正常对照组(P﹤0.05),Bcl-2和C-myc蛋白表达明显低于正常对照组(P﹤0.05);重度子痫前期组胎盘组织中AP-2α mRNA明显高于正常对照组(P﹤0.05),C-myc和Bcl-2 mRNA表达明显低于正常对照组( P﹤0.05)。结论 AP-2α和Bcl-2、C-myc在重度子痫前期患者胎盘组织中的差异表达参与重度子痫前期的病理生理过程。%Objective To investigate the role of AP-2α,Bcl-2 and C-myc proein and mRNA in severe preeclampsia. Methods The expression of AP-2α,Bcl-2 and C-myc in placental tissues in se-vere preeclamptic pregnancies and normotensive pregnancies were analyzed by using immunohistochemis-try and RT-PCR. Results The positive expression of AP-2α for placenta trophoblast in severe pre-eclampsia was significantly higher than that in control group( P﹤0. 05 ),while the positive expressions of Bcl-2 and C-myc were significantly lower than those in control group( P﹤0. 05 ). The expression of AP-2αmRNA for placenta tissue in severe preeclampsia was significantly higher than that in control group ( P﹤0. 05 ),while the expressions of Bcl-2 and C-myc mRNA were significantly lower than those in con-trol group( P﹤0. 05 ). Conclusions AP-2αand Bcl-2 ,C-myc participate in the pathological process of preeclampsia.

  5. 黄芪对大鼠脑缺血再灌注损伤c-fos和Bcl-2表达及细胞凋亡的影响%Effects of astragalus on apoptosis and c-fos, Bcl-2 expression after focal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春军; 董琦; 董凯; 杨国宏

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨黄芪对脑缺血再灌注损伤大鼠神经细胞凋亡和凋亡基因c-fos、Bcl-2表达的影响.方法 40只Wistar大鼠,体质量180-220 g,随机分为黄芪组、缺血4 h再灌注1 h组(Ⅰ组)、缺血4 h再灌注12 h组(Ⅱ组)、缺血4 h再灌注24 h组(Ⅲ组)和对照组.线栓法建立脑缺血再灌注损伤大鼠模型.切片分别行HE染色,应用免疫组织化学染色检测神经细胞凋亡基因c-fos、Bcl-2蛋白表达.结果 对照组、Ⅰ组脑细胞未见明显变化,Ⅱ组轻度脑细胞水肿,Ⅲ组脑细胞明显水肿,黄芪组损伤区范围变小,肿胀减轻.与对照组比较,其余各组脑细胞c-fos和Bcl-2阳性表达率增高(P<0.01);黄芪组c-fos和Bcl-2阳性表达率较Ⅱ、Ⅲ组降低(P<0.01).Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ组和黄芪组细胞凋亡指数较对照组明显增加(P<0.01);黄芪组较Ⅱ、Ⅲ组明显降低(P<0.01).结论 黄芪在脑缺血再灌注损伤后可抑制c-fos表达、增加Bcl-2表达,减轻脑细胞凋亡.%Objective To explore the effects of astragalus on apoptosis and c-fos, Bcl-2 expression after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Methods Forty male Wistar rats( 180 - 220 g) were randomly divided into astragalus group ,4 hours ischemia/1 hour reperfusion group (group I) ,4 hours ischemia/12 hours reperfusion group ( group Ⅱ ) ,4 hours ischemia/24 hours reperfusion group (group Ⅲ) and control group. The model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats were made by a suture-occluded method. The microtome section were given hematoxylin eosin( HE) staining. The expressions of c-fos and Bcl-2 were detected by immunohistochemistry staining. Results HE staining showed that the control group and group I was no significant change in brain cells, and mild edema of brain cells appeared in group Ⅱ , obviously edema appeared in group Ⅲ. The damage area of astragalus group was smaller and edema reduced. Compared with the control group, the positiveexpression rates of

  6. Effect of Neizhang pill on Bcl-2 and Bax expression in lens epithelial cells of rats with oxidative damage%内障丸加减方对氧化损伤大鼠晶状体上皮细胞中Bcl-2及Bax表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹敏; 李志英; 王燕

    2012-01-01

    Chinese medicine on Bel -2 and Bax expression in lens epithelial cells (LECs) of rats with oxidative damage, explore action mechanism of Neizhang pill on prevention or delay of cataract development. Methods Rat serum containing Neizhangwanjiajian -decoction substances were prepared with 5 SD rats were taken orally with Neizhangwanjiajian - decoction to prepare drug - conditioned serum. Lens and its epithelial cells were cultured in M199 for 24 hours and were divided into five groups,control group,model group,Quercetin group,serum containing drug group and serum group. Oxidative Damages model of rat Lens Epithelial Cell was copied by Fenton response. Immunohistochemical staining was explored to detect the expression of Bcl - 2 and Bax in LECs with optical microscope. Results The expression of Bel - 2 and Bax in control group, Quercetin group and serum containing drug group was different from that in model group ( P 0.05). There was obvious difference between control group,Quercetin group,serum group and serum containing drug group on the expression of Bcl - 2 and Bax ( P < 0. 05 ). In hydrogen peroxide - induced apoptosis of rat LECs Bax expression significantly increased and the expression of Bcl -2 down in model group and serum group. But when treated with Quercetin and decoction, Bcl - 2 expression in LECs in-creases significantly,while Bax expression was significantly reduced compared with the model group and blank serum group. The decoction group had a better effect in increase of Bel - 2 expression and reduction of Bax expression when compared with quercetin. The difference was significant statistically. Conclusion Serum active ingredients of Neizhang pill can effectively protect the cell structure of the LECs to increase the expression of Bcl - 2 gene and inhibit apoptosis.

  7. The inhibition of malignant epithelial cells in mucosal injury in the oral cavity of strains by pomegranate fruit extract (Punica granatum linn through Bcl-2 expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Hernawati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity is a malignant neoplasms derived from epithelia. The malignant neoplasms are cells that have changed their structure and function, and their number becomes increasing abnormally, invasive, and metastatic. Carcinoma can be caused by the resistance of malignant cell apoptosis. Bcl-2 is a proto-oncogene of Bcl family that inhibits the process of cell apoptosis and suppresses Bax protein (pro-apoptotic. The management efforts of cancer diseases, however, still have many obstacles. Thus, the researcher was triggered to explore more herbal plants, namely pomegranate. Pomegranate as a medicinal plant is accessible and cheap. Ellagic acid (EA is a single active compound derived from whole pomegranate fruit extract (PGL, which has anti-cancer activity as in vitro, but EA is low concentration in plasma, low water solubility, and insoluble in intestinal. These facts prompted the researcher to compare between pomegranate extract, which consists of several active compounds, and that, which only consists of ellagic acid. Thus, this research is expected to know how some active compounds can work synergistically in the PGL, so the effect can be more potent. Purpose: The purpose of this research, therefore, was to compare EA with PGL in reducing the expression of Bcl-2. Methods: This laboratory experimental research was used 32 male mice (Balb/c in the age of 5 months. They were randomly divided into 4 groups: 2 control groups (K0: which was not exposed with benzopirene and also untreated and K1: which was exposed with benzopirene and also untreated, 2 treatment groups (P1: which was exposed with benzopirene and also treated with EA and P2: which was exposed with benzopirene and also treated with the PGL. Next, an examination was conducted by using immunohistochemical techniques. results: The results then showed that the provision of the PGL could decrease the expression of Bcl-2 significantly higher than that

  8. 煤工尘肺及合并肺癌肺组织Bcl-2基因表达及意义%Expression and Its Significance of Bcl-2 Protein in Lung Tissues of Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis Complicated with Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范雪云; 马庆坤; 张岩松; 马骏; 张翔

    2011-01-01

    Objective To detect the expression of Bcl-2 protein in lung tissues of coal worker' s pneumoconiosis(CWP) complicated with lung cancer and to explore the relationship between CWP and lung cancer and its molecular mechanism. Methods The dissected lung specimens of CWP were collected. Based on pathologic diagnosis, 54 cases of CWP and 10 cases of CWP complicated with lung cancer were selected as the study subject. Since to obtain healthy persons' lung tissue was very difficult, the lung tissues of normal structure at the side of pathological tissue from of 30 CWP were selected as the control. Bcl-2 gene proteins for all lung tissues were measured by immunohistochemical Elivision plus method. Chi-Square test and t test were used to analyze the data. Results The positive rates of Bcl-2 protein expression in tissues of the control, CWP and CWP complicated with lung cancer group were 16. 7%(5/30), 24. 1 %(13/54), and 90. 0%(9/10), respectively. The average values of optical density were 2. 08 ± 0. 16, 2. 51 ± 0. 19 and 3. 22 ± 0. 41, respectively. The positive rate of Bcl-2 protein expression in CWP complicated with lung cancer was significantly higher than that of CWP and the control tissue (P0. 05). Conclusions The expression of Bcl-2 protein distinctively increases in lung tissues of CWP complicated with lung cancer and CWP. The excessive expression of Bcl-2 might play a role in the development lung cancer in CWP.%目的 检测煤工尘肺及合并肺癌肺组织Bcl-2基因蛋白表达情况,探讨煤工尘肺与肺癌的关系及其分子学机制.方法 收集煤工尘肺及煤工尘肺合并肺癌患者尸解病例为研究对象.依据病理诊断,选择煤工尘肺54例,尘肺合并肺癌10例.选取30例煤工尘肺病变旁正常肺组织(组织结构正常、肺泡间隔无破坏、肺泡腔内未见渗出)作为对照肺组织.利用免疫组化方法检测Bcl-2基因蛋白在肺组织中的表达情况.结果 对照肺组织、煤工尘肺肺组织和煤

  9. Increased Fas and Bcl-2 Expression on Peripheral Blood T and B Lymphocytes from Juvenile-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, but not from Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis and Juvenile Dermatomyositis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernadete L. Liphaus

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Defective regulation of apoptosis may play a role in the development of autoimmune diseases. Fas and Bcl-2 proteins are involved in the control of apoptosis. The aims of this study were to determine the expression of Fas antigen and Bcl-2 protein on peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes from patients with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM. Thirty-eight patients with JSLE, 19 patients with JRA, 10 patients with JDM and 25 healthy controls entered the study. Freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC were stained for lymphocyte markers CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 and for Fas and Bcl-2 molecules. Expressions were measured by three-color flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was performed using Kruskal–Wallis test. Percentages of freshly isolated T lymphocytes positively stained for Fas protein from JSLE patients were significantly increased compared to healthy controls, patients with JRA and patients with JDM. Percentages of B lymphocytes positive for Fas from JSLE patients were higher than healthy controls and JRA patients. In addition, Fas expression on T cells from patients with JRA was increased compared to JDM patients. Otherwise, Fas expression on T and B cells from JRA and JDM patients were similar to healthy controls. MFI of Bcl-2 positive T lymphocytes from JSLE patients were significantly increased compared to healthy controls and JRA patients. MFI of Bcl-2 protein on B lymphocytes from JSLE patients was similar to healthy controls and patients with JRA and JDM. Bcl-2 expression did not differ between JRA and JDM patients and healthy controls. In conclusion, increased expression of Fas and Bcl-2 proteins observed in circulating T and B lymphocytes from patients with JSLE, but not from patients with JRA and JDM, suggests that abnormalities of apoptosis may be related to the pathogenesis of JSLE and probably are not a result of chronic inflammation.

  10. Increased Fas and Bcl-2 expression on peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes from juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus, but not from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile dermatomyositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liphaus, Bernadete L; Kiss, Maria H B; Carrasco, Solange; Goldenstein-Schainberg, Claudia

    2006-01-01

    Defective regulation of apoptosis may play a role in the development of autoimmune diseases. Fas and Bcl-2 proteins are involved in the control of apoptosis. The aims of this study were to determine the expression of Fas antigen and Bcl-2 protein on peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes from patients with juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Thirty-eight patients with JSLE, 19 patients with JRA, 10 patients with JDM and 25 healthy controls entered the study. Freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were stained for lymphocyte markers CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 and for Fas and Bcl-2 molecules. Expressions were measured by three-color flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis test. Percentages of freshly isolated T lymphocytes positively stained for Fas protein from JSLE patients were significantly increased compared to healthy controls, patients with JRA and patients with JDM. Percentages of B lymphocytes positive for Fas from JSLE patients were higher than healthy controls and JRA patients. In addition, Fas expression on T cells from patients with JRA was increased compared to JDM patients. Otherwise, Fas expression on T and B cells from JRA and JDM patients were similar to healthy controls. MFI of Bcl-2 positive T lymphocytes from JSLE patients were significantly increased compared to healthy controls and JRA patients. MFI of Bcl-2 protein on B lymphocytes from JSLE patients was similar to healthy controls and patients with JRA and JDM. Bcl-2 expression did not differ between JRA and JDM patients and healthy controls. In conclusion, increased expression of Fas and Bcl-2 proteins observed in circulating T and B lymphocytes from patients with JSLE, but not from patients with JRA and JDM, suggests that abnormalities of apoptosis may be related to the pathogenesis of JSLE and probably are not a result of chronic inflammation.

  11. 前胡甲素对缺血再灌注心肌IL-6水平及Fas,bax,bcl-2蛋白表达的影响%Effects of dl-praeruptorin A on interleukin-6 level and Fas,bax, bcl-2 protein expression in ischemia-reperfusion myocardium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常天辉; 刘晓阳; 章新华; 王怀良

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of dl-praeruptorin (Pd-Ia) on interleukin-6 (IL-6) level and apoptosis-relatedprotein expression in ischemia-reperfusion myocardium. METHODS: Left anterior descending coronary arterywas subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion in open-chest anesthetized rats. Serum IL-6level was measured by radioimmunoassay. Apoptosis-related protein Fas, bax, and bcl-2 expression was detectedby immunohistochemistry and computer image analysis system. Infiltration of neutrophils was observed usingHematoxylin-Eosin staining under optical microscope. RESULTS: Pd-Ia 2.0 mg.kg -1 iv lowered serum 1L-6 level andFas, bax, bcl-2 expression under conditions with hypotension and without changes on heart rate, but increased theratio of bcl-2/bax. There existed a close linearity and positive correlation between IL-6 level and Fas, bax, bcl-2expression. Whereas, the infiltration of neutrophils was mild. CONCLUSION: Pd-Ia elicits a novel target in thetherapeutic prevention of postischemic cardiomyocyte death. The reason might be associated with modulating theexpression of some immediate-early genes including IL-6, Fas, bax, and bcl-2 in ischemia-reperfusion myocardium.%目的:研究前胡甲素对缺血再灌注心肌IL-6水平及凋亡相关蛋白表达的影响.方法:麻醉开胸大鼠左前降枝冠状动脉蒙受30分钟缺血及120分钟再灌注.放射免疫法测定血清IL-6水平;免疫组化法和计算机图像分析系统检测凋亡相关蛋白Fas,bax及bcl-2的表达:苏木精一依红染色法染色并于光镜下观测嗜中性白细胞的浸润.结果:前胡甲素2.0 mg.kg-1 iv,在降压和不影响心率的情况下,减少IL-6水平及Fas,bax,bcl-2蛋白的表达,但增加bcl-2/bax的比率.IL-6水平及Fas,bax,bcl-2蛋白表达之间有密切的线性正相关,而嗜中性白细胞只有轻微浸润.结论:前胡甲素防治缺血后心肌细胞死亡出现新靶位,可能与机体在心肌缺血再灌

  12. 前列腺病变组织中细胞凋亡与bcl-2、bax、PCNA表达%Relationship between apoptosis and expression of bcl-2,bax and PCNA protein in prostatic lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜英; 王业华; 徐有坤; 陈钢; 贾筱琴; 刘盾

    2003-01-01

    目的研究前列腺良、恶性病变组织中细胞增殖与凋亡及其与相关蛋白表达意义.方法采用原位细胞凋亡标记技术(TUNEL)及免疫组织化学ABC法对36例前列腺癌(PCa)、20例前列腺增生(BPH)和11例正常前列腺(NP)组织石蜡切片bcl-2、bax、PCNA蛋白及细胞凋亡检测.结果前列腺癌细胞凋亡指数(AI)高于BPH和NP(P<0.01),bcl-2蛋白阳性表达者AI低于阴性者(P<0.01),bax蛋白阳性表达者AI高于阴性者(P<0.05);前列腺癌和BPH的bcl-2和PCNA蛋白阳性表达率高于NP(P<0.05),并随着肿瘤分级增高而增高;NP、BPH和前列腺癌的bax蛋白阳性表达率差异无显著性.前列腺癌细胞增殖指数(PI)明显高于BPH(P<0.01),BPH细胞PI较NP明显增高,但细胞AI却显著下降.结论细胞增殖与细胞凋亡的增加在PCa的发生和发展中起到了重要作用.在BPH的形成过程中前列腺组织细胞增殖增加而细胞凋亡减少,其中bcl-2和bax在细胞凋亡调节中起重要作用.

  13. Effects of hydrogen sulfide on the expressions of bax and bcl-2 in hippocampi of rats after cardiopulmonary resuscitation%硫化氢对大鼠心脏骤停后海马组织bax和bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张自立; 蔺际; 廖晓星; 魏红艳; 李慧; 李欣; 刘荣; 胡春林; 戴刚

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过检测大鼠海马组织bcl-2和bax表达来探讨硫化氢(H2S)在心脏骤停(cardiac arrest, CA)后脑细胞凋亡中的作用.方法 雄性SD大鼠160只,初始选择108只随机均分为三组,建立CA/CPR模型.①第1组(36只):在自主循环恢复(ROSC)后予以NaHS干预;②第2组(36只),在自主循环恢复(ROSC)后予以羟胺干预;③第3组为常规复苏组(36只).上述三组根据观察终点又均分为1、3和7 d三个亚组,每个亚组再等分两组分别做相关凋亡的免疫组化和RT-PCR检测.结果 ①三组经历CPR大鼠死亡及备用鼠使用的差别无统计学意义(P>0.05);②在CPR后,三组之间大鼠血清H2S浓度变化的差异有统计学意义(F=189.917,P=0.000),在CPR后各时点上三组之间血清H2S浓度的差异均有统计学意义(P=0.000);③在CPR后,三组之间大鼠海马组织CA1区bax和bcl-2蛋白表达累积光密度变化的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),在CPR后各时点上三组之间海马组织CA1区bax和bcl-2蛋白表达累积光密度的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);④在CPR后,三组之间大鼠海马组织bax和bcl-2 mRNA相对表达量变化的差异有统计学意义(P=0.000),在CPR后各时点上三组之间海马组织bax和bcl-2 mRNA相对表达量的差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 在CPR后,H2S可能通过促进bcl-2和抑制bax表达来影响bcl-2/bax的平衡而参与神经细胞凋亡.%Objective To examine the expression of hax and bcl - 2 in the hippocampi of rats and investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide ( H2S) on neurons apoptosis after cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( CPR). Methods There were 160 male SD rats, the 108 rats were initially selected and randomly divided into 3 groups equally. Model of cardiac arrest were induced by transcutaneous electrical epicardium stimulation and standard CPR were offered in all the subjects. After ROSC, the First group were given sodium bisulfide,the second group were given hydroxylamine, and the third

  14. Effects of basic fibroblast growth factor on glutamate-induced expression of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in the guinea pig retina%碱性成纤维细胞生长因子对谷氨酸诱导的豚鼠视网膜内Caspase-3和Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜长青; 魏丽华; 石运芝; 杜辉; 刘立伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To assess the expression of Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 in the retina after superabundant glutamate injury and investigate the neural protective effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on retinal excitotoxicity damage in guinea pigs. Methods: Guinea pigs were randomly divided into a glutamate injury model group, a normal control group and a bFGF treatment group. The expression of Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 in the retina was detected by immunohistochemical method and image analysis. Results: A few of Caspase-3 positive cells were found in the normal control group; the expression of Caspase-3 was significantly increased in the injury group; and Ecl-2 showed weak expression in the retina of the normal control group and there was no significant change after darnage. The expression of Ecl-2 significantly increased and the expression of Caspase-3 reduced in the treatment group received bFGF injection beforehand. There was significant difference between the treatment group and model group. Conclusion: bFGF might selectively reduce the expression of Caspase-3 and up-regulate the expression of Bcl-2 in the retina after superabundant glutamate injury, and one of the possible mechanisms is the inhibition of glutamate-injured RGCs apoptosis by bFGF.%目的:探讨过量谷氨酸毒性损伤后视网膜天冬氨酸蛋白酶-3(Caspase-3)和凋亡相关蛋白Bcl-2的表达及碱性成纤维细胞生长因子(bFGF)对兴奋毒性损伤的保护作用.方法: 豚鼠随机分为正常对照组、谷氨酸损伤组、bFGF治疗组.采用免疫组织化学方法和图像分析技术,对各组豚鼠视网膜内Caspase-3和Bcl-2的表达进行检测.结果: 对照组Caspase-3无明显表达,损伤组在节细胞层、内核层、内界膜和外界膜等处Caspase-3表达阳性面积百分率和密度明显上调,bFGF治疗组Caspase-3表达明显降低.对照组Bcl-2在节细胞层、神经纤维层及内核层内有弱阳性表达,损伤后变化不明显,bFGF治疗组Bcl-2的表

  15. Effect of Jiangru Power on the Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in Rat Prolactinoma%中药降乳散对大鼠催乳素瘤细胞表达Bcl-2、Bax的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐春; 邱文娟; 付淑云; 徐立红

    2009-01-01

    体质量,血清催乳素水平均明显低于雌激素组,具有显著差别(P<0.01).Bax在降乳散组的表达量明显高于雌激素组(P<0.01).Bcl-2在降乳散组的表达量明显低于雌激素组(P<0.01).结论 中药降乳散具有促进催乳素瘤细胞凋亡的作用.本实验从分子水平探讨了中药抗催乳素瘤的机制,为中药治疗催乳素瘤提供了理论基础.

  16. Ziyuglycoside II-induced apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma BGC-823 cells by regulating Bax/Bcl-2 expression and activating caspase-3 pathway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, A.K. [Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated Hangzhou Hospital, Hangzhou (China); Zhou, H.; Xia, J.Z. [Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital, Wuxi (China); Jin, H.C. [Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated Hangzhou Hospital, Hangzhou (China); Wang, K. [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine, Ministry of Health, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China); Yan, J.; Zuo, J.B. [Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital, Wuxi (China); Zhu, X. [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine, Ministry of Health, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China); Shan, T. [Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital, Wuxi (China)

    2013-08-13

    Ziyuglycoside II is an active compound of Sanguisorba officinalis L. that has anti-inflammation, antioxidation, antibiosis, and homeostasis properties. We report here on the anticancer effect of ziyuglycoside II on human gastric carcinoma BGC-823 cells. We investigated the effects of ziyuglycoside II on cell growth, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis of this cell line. Our results revealed that ziyuglycoside II could inhibit the proliferation of BGC-823 cells by inducing apoptosis but not cell cycle arrest, which was associated with regulation of Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and activation of the caspase-3 pathway. Our study is the first to report the antitumor potential of ziyuglycoside II in BGC-823 gastric cancer cells. Ziyuglycoside II may become a potential therapeutic agent against gastric cancer in the future.

  17. Effects of Fluoxetine and Tianeptine on Expression of Bcl-2 in Hippocampus of Chronic Stress Depression Rats%氟西汀和噻奈普汀对慢性应激抑郁模型大鼠海马Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令韬; 吴枫; 汤艳清

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究抗抑郁药物氟西汀和噻奈普汀对慢性应激抑郁模型大鼠海马神经元Bcl-2蛋白表达的影响.方法 将大鼠随机分为对照组、抑郁模型组、氟西汀组和噻奈普汀组.对照组正常饲养,模型组、氟西汀组和噻奈普汀组给予21d的应激刺激,刺激期间氟西汀组每天灌胃氟西汀,噻奈普汀组每天灌胃噻奈普汀,对照组和模型组每天灌胃生理盐水.采用Western-blot法检测各组大鼠海马神经元Bcl-2蛋白的表达情况.结果 在Western-blot检测中,慢性应激后大鼠海马Bcl-2的表达水平模型组低于对照组(P<0.01);氟西汀组高于模型组(P<0.01),但与对照组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);噻奈普汀组高于模型组(P<0.01),但与对照组和氟西汀组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 慢性应激可能导致大鼠海马Bcl-2表达降低,氟西汀和噻奈普汀可能通过上调慢性应激抑郁模型大鼠海马中Bcl-2的表达起到抗抑郁作用.%Objective To research the effects of fluoxetine and tianeptine on expression of Bcl-2 in hippocampus of chronic stress depression rats. Methods All the experimental rats were divided by random into 4 groups:Group of control,Group of depression,Group of fluoxetine and Croup of tianeptine. The rats of Croup of depression,Group of fluoxetine and Group of tianeptine were applied stress for 21 days, and meanwhile Group of control no stress. The rats of Group of fluoxetine were fed with fluoxetine, Group of tianeptine were fed with tianeptine, while another groups were fed with normal sodium. The expression of Bcl-2 was detected by Western-blotting method. Results In Western-blotting method, the level of Bcl-2 in the hippocampus of Group of depression is less than that of Group of control (P 0.05); that of Group of tianeptine is more than that of Group of depression (P 0.05). Conclusion The expression of Bcl-2 in hippocampus of chronic stress depression rats decreased

  18. EPO对大鼠急性脊髓损伤后Bcl-2及Bax表达与运动神经元凋亡的影响%Influence of Bcl-2/Bax Expressions and the Apoptosis of Motor Neuron in Spinal Cord Injury after Using Erythropoietin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博; 胡婷婷; 张萍; 陈晓君; 陈玲波; 孙双

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The observation of the influence of the Bel-2 /Bax expressions and the apoptosis of motor neuron in spinal cord injury after using erythropoietin was made. Method: One hundred and twenty rats were divided into four groups in random, blank group, single injury group, injury +NS group and injury +EPO group. EPO was hypodermiealy injected with 3000U/kg once a day in EPO treatment group. The immunohistochemistry and tennel were used to detect the expressions of Bel-2 /Bax and the apoptosis of motor neuron. Results : Bel-2 reached the peak on 1st day. Single injury group was 58.32 ± 2.37, EPO group 176.68 ± 11.21. The obviously disparity was in EPO group and others ( P<0.05 ) .The obviously disparity was in the same group at 24h ( P<0.01) .Bax started to increase at 8h, reached the peak on the second day, started to descend after three days, and reached the normal level at the seventh day. Conclusion: EPO may promote the expression of Bcl-2 and inhibit the Bax, reduce the apoptosis of motor neuron and promote nerve regeneration and the neurofunctional recovery .%目的:探讨促红细胞生成素对脊髓损伤后脊髓后角Bcl-2、Bax表达及神经元凋亡的影响.方法:120只SD大鼠随机分成4组:空白组、单损组、生理盐水组、EPO组;以T10为中心横断损伤脊髓,EPO组术后即刻给予EPO每日3000U/kg腹腔注射,盐水组腹腔注射等量生理盐水.采用免疫组织化学染色和Tunel法检测损伤后基因Bcl-2、Bax的表达水平和神经元凋亡变化.结果:Bcl-2在1天达高峰,单损组58.32±2.37; EPO组176.68±11.21;3天后开始下降,14天仍有微量表达;EPO组较单损组Bcl-2表达明显增加,EPO组Bcl-2表达比损伤组在相同时间点有明显差异(P<0.05),组内24h时间点较其它点Bcl-2表达均有明显差异(P<0.01).Bax8h开始增多,24h达峰值,3天开始下降,7天达正常水平.结论:EPO能在SCI后促进Bcl-2、抑制Bax表达,调高Bcl-2/Bax比值,减少继发神经元细胞

  19. 瑞香狼毒诱导HL-60细胞凋亡和调节SGC-7901细胞bcl-2蛋白表达%Stellera chamaejasme induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells and regulated expression of bcl-2 protein in SGC-7901 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾正平; 王彦广; 樊俊杰; 谢景文; 徐丽婷; 刘盛

    2001-01-01

    Object To explore the antitumor mechanism of Stellera chamaejasme Linn.(SC).Methods SC containing-serum(SCCS)was derived from mice pretreated with different doses of SC.Cultured human leukemia HL-60 and human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 cells were used.Inhibition of proliferation was measured using MTT assay.Morphological assessment of apoptosis was performed with fluorescence microscope.DNA fragmentation was assessed by agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry.Expression of bcl-2 protein was measured with immunohistochemistry.Results Exposure of exponentially growing HL-60 cells to mice serum containing 10% SC(pretreated with SC3,6, and 12 g/kg)for 48h resulted in growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner.Typical morphological changes of apoptosis and DNA fragmentation in HL-60 cells were induced."Apobodies'in the apoptotic cells were observed,'ladder"pattern of agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA from 11.7% to 57.4%.Treatment with SC containing serum decreased the percentage of SGC-7901 cell of bcl-2 protein positive expression from 78.3% to 32.9%.Conclusion SC could induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells and decrease the expression of bcl-2 protein of gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 cells.%目的探索瑞香狼素(SC)抗肿瘤机制.方法以HL-60和SGC-7901为靶细胞,用MTT比色法测定细胞增殖抑制,荧光显微镜观察凋亡细胞的形态学改变,DNA电泳和流式细胞仪检测DNA断裂,免疫组化检测bcl-2蛋白表达.结果含SC药物血清处理细胞48 h后,HL-60细胞增殖呈剂量依赖性抑制,并表现出典型的凋亡细胞形态学改变及DNA断裂:即染色体聚集、核固缩、断裂及阶梯状DNA电泳条带,G1期前细胞从11.7%增至57.4%;而SGC-7901细胞bcl-2蛋白表达率从78.3%下降到32.9%.结论 SC可诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡,降低bcl-2蛋白表达.

  20. Sesamin suppresses STZ induced INS-1 cell apoptosis through inhibition of NF-κB activation and regulation of Bcl-2 family protein expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Shuguo; Zhao, Mengqiu; Ren, Younan; Wu, Yuanjie; Yang, Jieren

    2015-03-05

    Diverse risk factors for diabetes can induce oxidative stress, leading to pancreatic beta cell damage and insulin secretion dysfunction. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of sesamin on streptozotocin (STZ) induced apoptosis in INS-1 cells and the possible mechanisms implicated. After preincubation with indicated concentrations of sesamin (0.1, 1.0 and 10.0μmol/l) for 24h, INS-1 cells were exposed to STZ (3mmol/l) for 12h. Sesamin effectively improved STZ induced cell damage as determined by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide] assay and insulin secretion capacity, and suppressed STZ induced cell apoptosis as evaluated by flow cytometry using annexin V and propidium iodide double staining. Western blot analysis demonstrated that sesamin markedly suppressed STZ induced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation, with Bax protein down-regulated and Bcl-2 protein up-regulated significantly. Preincubation with sesamin resulted in an evident enhancement of total antioxidant capacity in INS-1 cells, accompanied by a significant reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, an end product of lipid peroxidation. Taken together, these findings suggested that sesamin was capable of suppressing STZ induced INS-1 cell apoptosis, which might be ascribed, at least partly, to the inhibition of NF-κB activation and subsequent regulation of Bcl-2 family protein expression. This study would provide a potential target for treatment of diabetes with sesamin as well as other antioxidants.

  1. 奥曲肽对SGC-7901细胞中Bcl-2和Bax基因的调控作用%Regulatory effects of octreotide on expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax genes in SGC-7901 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐卓斌; 刘为纹

    2002-01-01

    @@ 我们以前研究发现奥曲肽可诱导人胃癌细胞株SGC-7901细胞凋亡,但其作用机制目前国内外未见报道.为此,我们就奥曲肽对SGC-7901细胞中Bcl-2和Bax基因的调控作用进行了研究. 1 材料与方法 1.1 主要试剂及仪器 奥曲肽由瑞士Sandoz药厂惠赠,人胃癌细胞株SGC-7901由本科培养,逆转录试剂盒Asccess RT-PCR System(A1250)购自Promega公司,TripureTM Isolation Reagent kit购自德国宝灵曼公司,2400型PCR循环仪为美国Perkin-Elmer公司产品,紫外线凝胶成像系统为美国Bio-Rad公司产品.

  2. Immunogenicity of Bcl-2 in patients with cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Hald; Svane, Inge Marie; Kvistborg, Pia

    2005-01-01

    activities in preclinical models and are currently in several clinical trials. The clinical application of immunotherapy against cancer is rapidly moving forward in multiple areas, including the adoptive transfer of anti-tumor-reactive T cells and the use of "therapeutic" vaccines. The overexpression of Bcl......B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) is a pivotal regulator of apoptotic cell death and it is overexpressed in many cancers. Consequently, the Bcl-2 protein is an attractive target for drug design, and Bcl-2-specific antisense oligonucleotides or small-molecule Bcl-2 inhibitors have shown broad anticancer......-2 in cancer and the fact that immune escape by down-regulation or loss of expression of this protein would impair sustained tumor growth makes Bcl-2 a very attractive target for anticancer immunotherapy. Herein, we describe spontaneous T-cell reactivity against Bcl-2 in peripheral blood from...

  3. Bcl-2 promotes malignant progression in a PDGF-B-dependent murine model of oligodendroglioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doucette, Tiffany; Yang, Yuhui; Zhang, Wei; Fuller, Gregory N; Suki, Dima; Fults, Daniel W; Rao, Ganesh

    2011-11-01

    A significant subset of gliomas arises after activation of the proproliferative platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) pathway. The progression of low-grade gliomas to more malignant tumors may be due to oncogenic cellular programs combining with those suppressing apoptosis. Antiapoptotic genes are overexpressed in a variety of cancers, and the antiapoptotic gene, BCL2, is associated with treatment resistance and tumor recurrence in gliomas. However, the impact of antiapoptotic gene expression to tumor formation and progression is unclear. We overexpressed Bcl-2 in a PDGFB-dependent mouse model of oligodendroglioma, a common glioma subtype, to assess its effect in vivo. We hypothesized that the antiapoptotic effect would complement the proproliferative effect of PDGFB to promote tumor formation and progression to anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO). Here, we show that coexpression of PDGFB and Bcl-2 results in a higher overall tumor formation rate compared to PDGFB alone. Coexpression of PDGFB and Bcl-2 promotes progression to AO with prominent foci of necrosis, a feature of high-grade gliomas. Median tumor latency was shorter in mice injected with PDGFB and Bcl-2 compared to those injected with PDGFB alone. Although independent expression of Bcl-2 was insufficient to induce tumors, suppression of apoptosis (detected by cleaved caspase-3 expression) was more pronounced in AOs induced by PDGFB and Bcl-2 compared to those induced by PDGFB alone. Tumor cell proliferation (detected by phosphohistone H3 activity) was also more robust in high-grade tumors induced by PDGFB and Bcl-2. Our results indicate that suppressed apoptosis enhances oligodendroglioma formation and engenders a more malignant phenotype.

  4. 乌梅丸对TNBS诱导的结肠炎大鼠脾脏组织Bcl-2表达的影响%Effect of Wumeiwan on the expression of Bcl-2 in the spleen tissue of rats with TNBS-induced colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴霁; 柯琴梅; 范恒

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of Wumeiwan on the expression of Bcl-2 protein and mRNA in the spleen tissue of rats with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and to investigate its immune mechanism in treating colitis.Methods Fifty-six SD rats were randomly divided into the control group,colitis model group,mesalazine group and Wumeiwan group (14 rats in each group).Apart from the control group,rats in the other three groups were induced to experimental colitis by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid.And 2 days later,rats in the control group and colitis model group were administered intragastrically with normal saline at a dose of 3 mL,while rats in the mesalazine group and Wumeiwan group were intragastrically given mesalazine (50 g/L) and Wumeiwan (0.515 g/L) at a dose of 3 mL,respectively.All rats were treated for 15 d.Spleen tissue samples were taken to detect the expression of mRNA of Bcl-2 by realtime PCR and the expression of Bcl-2 protein by Western blot.Results Compared with the control group,the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA and Bcl-2 protein was significandy increased in the colitis model group (all P < 0.05) ; compared with the colitis model group,the expression of the mRNA and protein of Bcl-2 in the Wumeiwan and mesalazine groups was significantly decreased (all P < 0.05).And there were no significant differences in those between the Wumeiwan group and mesalazine group (P > 0.05).Conclusion Wumeiwan plays an important role in the treatment of rat TNBS-induced colitis by down-regulating the expression of the mRNA and protein of Bcl-2 in the spleen tissue.%目的 观察乌梅丸对2,4,6-三硝基苯磺酸(TNBS)诱导的结肠炎大鼠脾脏组织Bcl-2蛋白和mRNA表达的影响,研究其治疗结肠炎的免疫机制.方法 将56只SD大鼠随机分成空白对照组、结肠炎模型组、美沙拉嗪组、乌梅丸组各14只.除空白对照组外,其他三组均用TNBS灌肠.模型建成2d后,空白对照组和结

  5. Effects of Citicoline on the Rat's cognitive Function, Expression of Hippocampal Neuron BCL-2 and BAX and Apoptosis After Cerebral Dschemia Injury%胞二磷胆碱对大鼠脑缺血损伤后认知功能及海马神经元BCL-2,BAX表达和细胞凋亡的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟勇; 杨建华; 苏子锐

    2013-01-01

    探讨胞二磷胆碱对脑缺血损伤后大鼠认知功能和海马神经元BCL-2,BAX表达的影响.取健康Sprague-Dawley成年雄性大鼠60只,随机分为假手术对照组,缺血组和胞二磷胆碱组3组,每组20只.对缺血组和胞二磷胆碱组采用Zea Longa等法改良复制大脑中动脉狭窄(middle cerebral artery occlusion,MCAO)动物模型,通过Morris水迷宫系统观察各组大鼠学习记忆功能;免疫组化检测BCL-2,BAX表达,Tunel法检测神经元凋亡.胞二磷胆碱使Bcl-2蛋白表达从缺血对照组的39.88±5.41增加至55.13±8.17,BAX蛋白表达从缺血对照组的62.38±8.47下降至36.13±5.94,凋亡神经元从缺血对照组的18.67±3.86下降至14.67±4.25.胞二磷胆碱对脑缺血损伤后大鼠的神经保护作用可能是通过上调海马神经元Bcl-2蛋白、下调Bax蛋白的表达,减少海马神经元凋亡进而改善脑缺血损伤后大鼠的学习记忆能力.%This paper investigates the effects of citicoline on the rat's cognitive function and expression of hippocampal neuron BCL-2 and BAX after cerebral ischemia injury.With the equal and random principle,sixty healthy male adult SpragueDawley rats were divided into three groups which include sham operation control group,and ischemia group and citicoline group,each group of 20.In the last two groups,middle cerebral artery occlusion model was established by the improved method of Zea Longa.Then we evaluate each group's learning and memory function through Morris water maze test,Immunohistochemistry was used to detect BCL-2 and BAX expression,and Tunel method to detect neuron apoptosis.Compared with the ischemia group,the protein expression of BCL-2 increased from (39.88±5.41) to (55.13±8.17),the protein expression of BAX decreased from (62.38±8.47) to (36.13±5.94),and the apoptosis of neurons dropped from (18.67±3.86) to (14.67±4.25) in the citicoline group.Citicoline can improve the learning and memory function of rats after cerebral

  6. Effects of oxymatrine on expressions of Bcl-2,OCLN and TUBA1A in human colon carcinoma LoVo cells%氧化苦参碱对LoVo细胞Bcl-2、OCLN、TUBA1A mRNA表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凌; 彭燕; 孙静; 危建安

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨氧化苦参碱(OM)抑制人结肠癌LoVo细胞增殖和诱导凋亡的分子作用机制.方法 采用实时荧光定量PCR法以及免疫组化法检测OM对LoVo细胞凋亡相关以及细胞骨架相关的B细胞淋巴瘤因子2(Bcl-2)、微管蛋白1A(TUBA1A)、咬合蛋白(OCLN)的基因及蛋白表达的影响.结果 OM能显著抑制LoVo细胞增殖;可明显抑制LoVo细胞Bcl-2的mRNA以及蛋白的表达(P<0.05),抑制TUBA1A mRNA表达,同时上调OCLN蛋白的表达,但并不能明显上调OCLN mRNA的表达.结论 OM抑制LoVo细胞增殖,可能与下调LoVo细胞Bcl-2、TUBA1A表达以及上调OCLN表达有关.%Objective To explore the molecular mechanism of oxymatrine (OM) on inhibiting proliferation and inducing apopto-sis in human colon carcinoma LoVo cells. Methods Using fluorescence quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry assay to detect the effects of OM on apoptosis and cytoskeleton-related molecular gene and protein expression,such as Bcl-2,OCLN,TUBA1A on LoVo cells. Results OM could inhibit LoVo cells proliferation and significantly inhibit Bc1-2 gene and protein expression on LoVo cells. OM could also significantly inhibit TUBA1A gene expression on LoVo cells. OM showed only a slight increase trend on OCLN gene expression,but with immunohistochemical assay OM could significantly increase the OCLN protein expression on LoVo cells. Conclusion The molecular mechanism of OM to inhibit tumor cell proliferation may be related to down-regulate Bcl-2 and TUBA1A expression while increased expression of OCLN on LoVo cells.

  7. The herbal medicine Melissa officinalis extract effects on gene expression of p53, Bcl-2, Her2, VEGF-A and hTERT in human lung, breast and prostate cancer cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahanban-Esfahlan, Rana; Seidi, Khaled; Monfaredan, Amir; Shafie-Irannejad, Vahid; Abbasi, Mehran Mesgari; Karimian, Ansar; Yousefi, Bahman

    2017-05-20

    Earlier, we verified that Melissa officinalis extract (MOE) elicits potent antiproliferative effects on different human cancer cells. To gain insights into the molecular mechanisms accounting for the cytotoxic effects of MOE, we assessed the expression patterns of several prominent molecules with therapeutic potential in cancer by Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR). A549, MCF-7 and PC3 cancer cells were grown in complete RPMI 1640 and seeded in 24 well micro plates. After incubation for 72h, 100μg/ml of MOE was added and the cells were further incubated for 72h. Afterwards, the cells were subjected to RNA extraction for the means of Q-PCR. Our results indicated that in PC3 cancer cells, MOE resulted in a significant downregulation of VEGF-A (0.0004 fold), Bcl-2 (0.001 fold), Her2 (0.02 fold), and hTERT (0.023 fold) compared to the untreated control. In addition, VEGF-A and hTERT mRNA were significantly downregulated in MCF-7 and A549 cancer cells, as well. Notably, high anti-angiogenic activity was closely associated with a high anti-telomerase activity of MOE in studying cancer cells. The decrease in VEGF-A expression was significantly superior than that of hTERT downregulation, as PC3 cancer cells with the highest hTERT down regulation (0.023) presented the highest anti VEGF activity (0.0004 fold), whereas MCF-7 cells with the lowest hTERT inhibition (0.213) showed the lowest VEGF inhibition(0.0435) among the three studied cancer cells. We noticed that the modulation of VEGF-A and hTERT gene expression can be considered as a common target, accounting for the therapeutic potential of MOE on human breast, lung and prostate cancer cells. Altogether, it is suggested that the potent antiproliferative activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of Melissa officinalis is somehow explainable by its high potency to inhibit expression of the prominent oncogenes Bcl2, Her2, VEGF-A and hTERT in prostate cancer. In tumors with functional p53, including MCF-7 and A549 cancer cells, the role

  8. Curcumin significantly enhances dual PI3K/Akt and mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235-induced apoptosis in human renal carcinoma Caki cells through down-regulation of p53-dependent Bcl-2 expression and inhibition of Mcl-1 protein stability.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Ram Seo

    Full Text Available The PI3K/Akt and mTOR signaling pathways are important for cell survival and growth, and they are highly activated in cancer cells compared with normal cells. Therefore, these signaling pathways are targets for inducing cancer cell death. The dual PI3K/Akt and mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 completely inhibited both signaling pathways. However, NVP-BEZ235 had no effect on cell death in human renal carcinoma Caki cells. We tested whether combined treatment with natural compounds and NVP-BEZ235 could induce cell death. Among several chemopreventive agents, curcumin, a natural biologically active compound that is extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma species, markedly induced apoptosis in NVP-BEZ235-treated cells. Co-treatment with curcumin and NVP-BEZ235 led to the down-regulation of Mcl-1 protein expression but not mRNA expression. Ectopic expression of Mcl-1 completely inhibited curcumin plus NVP-NEZ235-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, the down-regulation of Bcl-2 was involved in curcumin plus NVP-BEZ235-induced apoptosis. Curcumin or NVP-BEZ235 alone did not change Bcl-2 mRNA or protein expression, but co-treatment reduced Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression. Combined treatment with NVP-BEZ235 and curcumin reduced Bcl-2 expression in wild-type p53 HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells but not p53-null HCT116 cells. Moreover, Bcl-2 expression was completely reversed by treatment with pifithrin-α, a p53-specific inhibitor. Ectopic expression of Bcl-2 also inhibited apoptosis in NVP-BE235 plus curcumin-treated cells. In contrast, NVP-BEZ235 combined with curcumin did not have a synergistic effect on normal human skin fibroblasts and normal human mesangial cells. Taken together, combined treatment with NVP-BEZ235 and curcumin induces apoptosis through p53-dependent Bcl-2 mRNA down-regulation at the transcriptional level and Mcl-1 protein down-regulation at the post-transcriptional level.

  9. Formestane、17β-estradiol诱导鸡、鹌鹑胚胎性反转后bcl-2、p53基因的表达差异性研究%On the Expression Differences between bcl-2 and p53 Genes after Sex Reverse in Chicken,Quail and Hybrid Embryos Induced by Formestane and 17β-estradiol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹盈; 梁耀伟; 赵宗胜; 冯欣璐; 班谦

    2012-01-01

    In this study, using exogenous hormones Formestane and 17β-eslradiol,sex reversal experiments were conducted a-mong chicken, quail and their hybrids embryos,and live embryos of 6 time points (72,96,120,144,168 and 192 h) were then sampled correspondingly. By quantitative PCR.we analyzed expressional differences of bcl-2 and p53 genes of different embryos at different stages after hormone treatment. The results revealed that bcl-2 and p53 gene expression showed no significant difference between normal chicken and quail embryos within heterosexual groups,but compared with chicken and quail embryos,there was significantly difference in hybrid embryos(P<0. 05) ;At 72 h,p53/bcl-2 of male and female embryos of chicken and quail both appeared low gene expression,and meantime, the p53 mRNA expressional quantity fell to relative low point, which indicated that the most embryos' death might happen at this period:gene expressions of bcl-2 and p53 of the chicken and quail embryos injected with Formestane and 17-estradiol were quite different from normal chicken and quail embryos (P<0. 05). But hybrid embryos were all dead at 72 h after they were injected exogenous hormones.%利用外源激素Formestane和17β-estradiol对鸡、鹌鹑及其属间杂交种胚胎进行了性反转实验,并分别采集了72、96、120、144、168、192 h等6个时间点活胚,运用荧光定量PCR法分析了外源激素处理后的不同种胚胎不同时期的bcl-2和p53基因的表达量差异和变化.结果表明:正常鸡和鹌鹑胚种内异性间相比bcl-2和p53基因表达量差异不显著,杂交种胚分别与鸡胚、鹌鹑胚相比,2个基因表达量均差异显著(P<0.05);72 h雌、雄鸡和鹌鹑的胚胎p53/bcl-2表达均出现低谷,此时p53表达同样降至低谷,推测胚胎大批死亡可能是在这个时间段;注射Formestane和17β-estradiol的鸡、鹌鹑胚bcl-2和p53基因表达量分别与未经处理的雌雄鸡胚、雌雄鹌鹑胚比较,差异显著(P<0.0S

  10. PEP-1-SOD1对离体缺血再灌注损伤大鼠心肌Bax、Bcl-2蛋白表达的影响%Effects of PEP-1-SOD1 on Expression of Bax,Bcl-2 of Myocardium in Rats Induced with Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury ex vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯尊平; 王家宁; 王磊; 唐俊明; 杨建业; 黄永章; 张宏考

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of PEP-1 mediated human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase on the myocardium apoptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI) in rats ex vivo.Methods The MIRI rats model were prepared with Langendorff perfusion system ex vivo.The model rats were randomly divided into control group ,SOD1 pretreated group,PEP1-SOD1 pretreated with 25,50,100 μmol/L groups.The myocardium apoptosis and expression of Bax, Bcl-2 were determined with TUNEL method and immunofluorescencein method after reperfusion.Results Compared with control and SOD1 groups,the apoptosis indexes(AI) were significantly decreased,the expression of Bcl-2 were upregulated,the expression of Bax were downregulated in all PEP-1-SOD1 groups( all P < 0.01 ).Conclusion The fusion protein PEP-1-SOD1 could inhibit the apoptosis of myocardium in MIRI rats,which may be related to its upregulation of Bax expression and downregulation of Bcl-2 expression.%目的:研究细胞穿透肽PEP-1介导人铜锌-超氧化物歧化酶(cu,Zn-SOD,SOD1)对大鼠离体心肌缺血再灌注损伤(MIRI)细胞凋亡的影响.方法:采用Langendorff灌流系统对离体大鼠心脏进行停灌-复灌建立心肌缺血再灌注损伤模型.大鼠随机分为对照组、SODI蛋白预处理组,25、50、100μmol/L PEP-1-SOD1蛋白预处理组.复灌结束后,TUNEL法检测心肌细胞凋亡,免疫荧光法检测心肌组织Bax、Bel-2蛋白表达.结果:与对照组及SOD1组相比,各PEP-1-SOD1组心肌细胞凋亡指数(AI)显著下降,Bcl-2蛋白表达升高,Bax蛋白表达显著减少(P<0.01).结论:PEP-1-SOD1融合蛋白可抑制离体心脏缺血再灌注损伤大鼠心肌细胞凋亡,其机制可能与上调Bax表达及下调Bcl-2表达有关.

  11. Effect of leptin on expression of calpain-1 and Bcl-2 and apoptosis in myocardial tissue of neonatal rats after asphyxia%瘦素对窒息新生大鼠心肌组织calpain-1和Bcl-2的表达及细胞凋亡的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹丹; 吴星恒; 张丽娜

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveTo study the effect of leptin on the expression of calcium-activated neutral protease 1 (calpain-1) and B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and apoptosis in the myocardial tissue of neonatal rats after asphyxia. MethodsA total of 48 neonatal rats were randomly and equally divided into normal control group, asphyxia group, leptin treatment groups, and calpain-1 inhibitor (CAI-1) group. The neonatal rat model of asphyxia under normal atmospheric condition was established in all groups except the control group. For the leptin treatment groups, rats received 20, 80, and 160 μg/kg leptin by intraperitoneal injection immediately after model establishment, respectively. For the CAI-1 group, rats received 10 mg/kg CAI-1 by intraperitoneal injection immediately after model establishment. For all the groups, the myocardial tissue was collected at 2 hours after model establishment. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure the expression of calpain-1 and Bcl-2. The TUNEL method was used to evaluate apoptosis of myocardial cells.ResultsThe expression of calpain-1 and Bcl-2 and apoptosis index (AI) were signiifcantly higher in the asphyxia group than in the normal control group (P˂0.05). The leptin treatment groups and the CAI-1 group had signiifcantly lower expression of calpain-1, signiifcantly lower AI, and signiifcantly higher expression of Bcl-2 than the asphyxia group (P˂0.05). The CAI-1 group had the largest changes in all the indices compared with the asphyxia group. However, there were no signiifcant differences in all indices between the 160 μg/kg leptin treatment group and the CAI-1 group. After asphyxia, the expression of calpain-1 was positively correlated with AI, while the expression of Bcl-2 was negatively correlated with AI and the expression of calpain-1 (P˂0.05).ConclusionsLeptin reduces apoptosis of myocardial cells in asphyxiated neonatal rats by the inhibition of calpain-1 activation and upregulation of Bcl-2 expression.%目的:研究瘦素对窒息

  12. 红细胞生成素对脑缺血再灌注大鼠大脑皮质基质金属蛋白酶-9和BCL-2表达的影响%Effect of recombinant human erythropoietin on expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and BCL-2 in the cerebal cortex after occlusion/reperfusion in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙慧; 汤永红; 陈勇军

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the possible mechanism of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) neuroprotection by studying the effect of rhEPO on expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and BCL-2 following focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Methods A rat middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) model was induced by the intraluminal filament method, and intraperitoneal injection of rhEPO was used for intervention. Histopathological changes were observed by HE staining, and the expressions of MMP-9 and BCL-2 in the cerebral cortex of ischemic side were detected with immunohisto-chemistry. Results HE staining: At all time points, the numbers of surviving nerve cells were significantly higher in the rhEPO group, and their injury degree was significantly lower. MMP-9 immunohistochemistry staining: The positive cells were observed occasionally in the normal control group and the sham-operation group; the MMP-9 positive cells at the ischemic side of brain tissue in a normal saline control group began to appear at 6 hours after reperfusion, it reached the peak at 24 hours and began to decrease at 72 hours; the change trend of MMP-9 positive cells in the rhEPO group was similar to that in the normal saline control group, but it was significantly lower than that in the normal saline control group at the same time points (t were 12. 023 6, 12. 635 0, 12. 779 6, respectively, all P <0. 01). BCL-2 immunohistochemistry staining: No positive cells were found in the normal control group and sham-operation group. The numbers of BCL-2 positive cells reached the peak at the ischemic side of brain tissue in the normal saline control group at 6 hours after reperfusion, it reached the peak at 24 hours and further decreased at 72 hours; the change trend of BCL-2 positive cells in the rhEPO group was similar to that in the normal saline control group, but it was significantly higher than that in the normal saline control group at the same time points (t were

  13. Phage display screen for peptides that bind Bcl-2 protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hye-Yeon; Kim, Joungmok; Cho, June-Haeng; Moon, Ji Young; Lee, Su-Jae; Yoon, Moon-Young

    2011-01-01

    Bcl-2 family proteins are key regulators of apoptosis associated with human disease, including cancer. Bcl-2 protein has been found to be overexpressed in many cancer cells. Therefore, Bcl-2 protein is a potential diagnostic target for cancer detection. In the present study, the authors have identified several Bcl-2 binding peptides with high affinity (picomolar range) from a 5-round M13 phage display library screening. These peptides can be used to develop novel diagnostic probes or potent inhibitors with diverse polyvalencies.

  14. The study of influnce of hypothermia to the expression of P16 and Bcl-2 levels in different brain tissues of the rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage%亚低温对新生鼠缺氧缺血性脑损害不同脑区p16和Bcl-2表达的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亚乐; 李占魁; 李瑞林; 黄绍平; 周戬平

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the protective effects of hypothermia to the grey matter and the periventricular white matter of the brains of the neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage(HIBD). [Methods] The 7d neonatal rats got the HIBD model. Hypothermias of 31 ℃, 34 ℃ were given to them for 3 h immediately after the operation. The degrees of grey of apoptosis, p16, bcl-2 of the cerebral cortex, the hippocampi tissue and the periventricular white matter in the brains of rats was used to observe when 24, 72, 168 h after the operation. [ Results] 1 )The degrees of grey of p16:It was higher in the HIBD group than that in the pseuoperation group, the peak was at 24 hours after HI, it was deduced in 31 ℃ group, it was not deduced in 34 ℃group,but the peak was delated. 2) The degrees of grey of apoptosis: It was the same as that of p16. 3) The degrees of grey of bcl-2: It was the same as that of p16,it were deduced 24, 72 hours after HI in the 34 ℃ hypothermia group. 4) Correlation: there were the correlation ships (P<0.01) between either two of the degrees of the greys of p16, apoptosis, bcl-2 in all the brain tissues. [Conclusions] Hypothermia intervention could obviously deduce the express of p16, bcl-2, deduce apoptosis or delate their peaks of neonatal rats, brains with HIBD, so protected their grey matter tissue and the white matter tissue.%[目的]探讨亚低温对新生大鼠缺氧缺血性脑损伤(hypoxic-ischemic brain damage,HIBD)后脑灰质、室周白质的保护作用.[方法]建立新生大鼠HIBD模型,31℃、34℃亚低温全身干预3 h,观察缺氧缺血(hypoxic-ische-mic,HI)后24 h、72 h、7 d脑皮质、海马、室周白质细胞凋亡、p16、bcl-2表达.[结果]1)p16灰度:模型组表达高于假手术组,HI后24 h达高峰,31℃组表达减少,34℃组总表达不减少,但在HI后24 h表达减少,高峰延迟;2)凋亡细胞灰度:与p16结果一致;3)bcl-2灰度:也与p16结果一致,34℃组术后24 h、HI后72 h

  15. Effects of diagnostic ultrasound on expressions of P53 mRNA and Bcl-2 mRNA in spermatogenic cells in rats%诊断超声辐照后大鼠睾丸生精细胞 P53 mRNA、Bcl-2 mRNA表达改变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜联芳; 张青萍; 刘望彭

    2001-01-01

    目的检测诊断超声与细胞凋亡相关基因P53 和Bcl-2 mRNA的关系。方法 32只SD雄性大鼠随机分为4组:对照组、10 min组、20 min组和 30 min组,应用HP 8500彩色血流显像仪,探头频率7.5 MHz,超声输出功率6.8 mW, 空间平均时间平均声强3.4 mW/cm2,对上述各组大鼠睾丸组织直接辐照,辐照后 24 h 取材,应用原位杂交技术检测P53及Bcl-2 mRNA表达改变。结果诊断超声辐照≤10 min不会引起大鼠睾丸组织P53及Bcl-2 mRNA的表达改变,20 min组P53 mRNA表达率明显增加,达(52.63±5.89)%,30 min组继续增加达(60.47±6.57)%;而Bcl-2 mRNA在 20 min组则明显下降为(34.96±6.48)%,30 min组继续下降为(31.01±5.67)%。结论诊断超声辐照大鼠睾丸组织>10 min可引起凋亡诱导因子P53 mRNA高表达,凋亡抑制因子Bcl-2 mRNA低表达。%Objective To investigate the changes in the e xpressions of P53 mRNA and Bcl-2 mRNA in spermatogenic cells in rats after expo sure to ultrasound to elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying the apoptosis induced by ultrasound at genetic trascription level. Methods Thirty-two healthy male SD rats,(30±2) days old and (70±5) grams body weight, were randomized into 4 groups (n=8) according to the time of exposure to ultrasound,including control group without exposure,gr oups of 10 minutes, 20 minutes and 30 minutes with exposure to ultrasound for 10 ,20 and 30 min,respectively. Samples were taken 24 hours after exposure to ultra sound,then 4% paraformal-dehyde fixed,paraffin-embedded and sectioned into 4 μm sections (slides were pretreated with APES and poly-lysine). P53 and Bcl-2 in situ hybridization kits were purchased from Wuhan Boshida Bio-engineering C o.Results There was no significant difference in the expressions o f P53 mRNA or Bcl-2 mRNA in sperematogenic cells in rats between the control gr oup and 10 minutes group. The expressions of P53 m

  16. The B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2)-inhibitors, ABT-737 and ABT-263, are substrates for P-glycoprotein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogler, Meike, E-mail: mv62@le.ac.uk [MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, LE1 9HN Leicester (United Kingdom); Dickens, David, E-mail: David.Dickens@liverpool.ac.uk [Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, L69 3GL Liverpool (United Kingdom); Dyer, Martin J.S., E-mail: mjsd1@le.ac.uk [MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, LE1 9HN Leicester (United Kingdom); Owen, Andrew, E-mail: aowen@liverpool.ac.uk [Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, L69 3GL Liverpool (United Kingdom); Pirmohamed, Munir, E-mail: munirp@liv.ac.uk [Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, L69 3GL Liverpool (United Kingdom); Cohen, Gerald M., E-mail: gmc2@le.ac.uk [MRC Toxicology Unit, University of Leicester, LE1 9HN Leicester (United Kingdom)

    2011-05-06

    Highlights: {yields} The BCL2-inhibitor ABT-263 is a substrate for P-glycoprotein. {yields} Apoptosis is inhibited by P-glycoprotein expression. {yields} Overexpression of P-glycoprotein may contribute to resistance to ABT-263 or ABT-737. -- Abstract: Inhibition of BCL2 proteins is one of the most promising new approaches to targeted cancer therapy resulting in the induction of apoptosis. Amongst the most specific BCL2-inhibitors identified are ABT-737 and ABT-263. However, targeted therapy is often only effective for a limited amount of time because of the occurrence of drug resistance. In this study, the interaction of BCL2-inhibitors with the drug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein was investigated. Using {sup 3}H labelled ABT-263, we found that cells with high P-glycoprotein activity accumulated less drug. In addition, cells with increased P-glycoprotein expression were more resistant to apoptosis induced by either ABT-737 or ABT-263. Addition of tariquidar or verapamil sensitized the cells to BCL2-inhibitor treatment, resulting in higher apoptosis. Our data suggest that the BCL2-inhibitors ABT-737 and ABT-263 are substrates for P-glycoprotein. Over-expression of P-glycoprotein may be, at least partly, responsible for resistance to these BCL2-inhibitors.

  17. ERα and ERβ expression in correlation with Ki-67, Bcl-2 and Bak in primary tumors and lymph node metastases of breast cancer: The effect of pre-operative chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanczuga-Koda, Luiza; Koda, Mariusz; Tomaszewski, Jakub; Jarzabek, Katarzyna; Lotowska, Joanna; Baltaziak, Marek; Sulkowska, Urszula; Sobaniec-Lotowska, Maria; Sulkowski, Stanisław

    2010-11-01

    This study aimed to assess the pre-operative chemotherapy impact on the relationship between estrogen receptor (ER) expression and markers of proliferation and apoptosis in primary and metastatic breast cancer. Immunohistochemical examinations were conducted on surgically removed ductal invasive breast cancers and their lymph node metastases in 135 patients. A total of 64 patients from this group underwent pre-operative chemotherapy and in 71 cases the surgery was performed without primary chemotherapy. A negative correlation between ERα and Ki-67 was found in primary tumors and lymph node metastases. A positive correlation was observed between ERα and Bcl-2. A positive correlation was also noted between ERβ and Bak, suggesting that the two ERs were involved in the regulation of proteins responsible for the control of the apoptotic process. Assessment of the expression of the proteins conducted separately in primary tumors and lymph node metastases did not reveal a significant effect of pre-operative chemotherapy on the correlations of ERs with Ki-67, Bcl-2 and Bak. However, the analysis of the correlations between the receptor expression in primary tumors and Ki-67, Bcl-2 and Bak in lymph node metastases showed a statistically significant impact of pre-operative chemotherapy on the correlations of ERα and Bcl-2 with ERβ and Bak, confirming involvement of the two ERs in the regulation of apoptosis during breast carcinogenesis.

  18. Effect of myocardial reperfusion on cardiocyte apoptosis and expression of bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 in rats with depression%心肌再灌注对抑郁大鼠心肌细胞凋亡以及bcl-2、bax和caspase-3表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑珍; 尤鑫; 熊小栓; 刘兴德

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨心肌缺血再灌注(I/R)对抑郁大鼠心肌细胞凋亡及凋亡基因bcl-2、bax和caspase-3的影响.方法:Wistar大鼠32只,随机分为4组,每组各8只.A组:非抑郁大鼠假手术组;B组:抑郁大鼠假手术组;C组:非抑郁大鼠心肌I/R组;D组:抑郁大鼠心肌I/R组.采用慢性轻度不可预知性应激结合孤养制备抑郁模型,用敞箱实验和液体消耗实验观察大鼠行为改变;运用结扎左冠状动脉前降支的方法复制心肌I/R模型.运用TUNEL法检测心肌凋亡细胞;运用免疫组化法和逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT- PCR)方法检测bcl-2、bax和caspase-3的表达.结果:(1)与A、B组比较,C、D组心肌细胞凋亡数量显著增加(P<0.01),A、B两组间比较无显著差异;与C组比较,D组心肌细胞凋亡数量显著增加(P<0.05).(2)与A、B组比较,C、D组Bcl-2、Bax和caspase-3蛋白和mRNA表达显著增加(P<0.01),A、B两组间比较无显著差异;与C组比较,D组Bcl-2蛋白和mRNA表达显著减少(P<0.05),而Bax和caspase-3蛋白和mRNA表达显著增加(P<0.05).结论:心肌缺血再灌注可加重抑郁大鼠缺血心肌细胞凋亡,其机制可能与上调bax和caspase-3基因表达、下调bcl-2基因表达有关.%AIM:To explore ihe effecl of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) on cardiac myocyle apoplosis and ihe expression of bcl -2, bax and caspase - 3 in ihe rals wilh depression. METHODS; Thirty - Lwo Wislar rals were randomly divided inlo 4 groups,including group A; sham operation group; group B; ihe rals wilh depression undergoing sham opera-lion; group C; ihe rals wilh myocardial I/R operalion; group D; ihe rals wilh depression undergoing myocardial I/R opera-lion. The ral model of depression was produced by chronic mild unpredictable slress and separalion. The behaviors of ihe rals were delecled by open field lesl and fluid consumption lesl. The myocardial I/R model was made by ligaling ihe lefl an-lerior descending branch of coronary artery in ihe rals. The

  19. Effect of Shenfu parenteral injection on the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax and c-Fos proteins in ischemia reperfusion myocardium of rats%参附注射液影响大鼠缺血再灌注心肌Bcl-2,Bax与c-Fos蛋白的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉培; 牟崇明; 季道如; 但伶; 龚文婷; 王莉莎

    2006-01-01

    -2/Bax比率显著升高(P<0.01).结论:参附注射液对缺血再灌注心肌保护效应可能与其促进Bcl-2蛋白高表达、抑制Bax与c-Fos蛋白表达、增加Bcl-2/Bax比率,从而抑制心肌细胞凋亡有关.%BACKGROUND: It has been confirmed that Shenfu parenteral injection can ameliorate and treat various shocks, heart failure, myocardial ischemia and supraventricular/ventricular arrhythmia, and it also has a good protective effect on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Shenfu parenteral injection on the protein expressions of myocardial apoptosis-related genes of Bcl-2, Bax and c-Fos in rats with acute ischemia/reperfusion injury.DESIGN: A complete randomized grouping design, controlled experiment.SETTING: Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Chongqing University of Medical Sciences.MATERIALS: The experiments were carried out in the Staff Room of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing University of Medical Sciences from April to December in 2004. Thirty-five healthy adult Wistar rats were provided by the experimental animaI center of Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. Shenfu parenteral injection was the TCM formula of Shenfu Tang, which is for recuperating depleted yang and rescuing the patient from collapse, and its main components are ginsenoside and aconitum alkaloid. It was the product of Yaan Sanjiu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 10 mL/piece, the batch number was 030110.METHODS: In vivo models of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury were used. The 35 rats were divided into 5 groups according to the number of random number table, with 7 rats in each group: ① Sham-operated group: The rats were treated with only insertion of thread without ligation, followed by intravenous injection of saline (8 mL/kg), and then observed for 120 minutes. ② Shenfu parenteral injection 30-minute group: The rats were treated with intravenous

  20. Expression of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4 in diagnosis and prognosis of adenocarcinoma of the duodenum value%PCNA、BCL-2及 BMP2/4的表达对十二指肠腺癌的诊断意义及预后价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠辉; 张晋冀; 石书玮; 邰智慧

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the expression of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4,in patients with duodenal adenocar-cinoma,to further explore the clinical significance of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4 in the diagnosis and prognosis.Meth-ods From 2005 January to 2014 November in our hospital check biopsy diagnosed 45 cases of duodenal adenocarcinoma patients,according to the Joint Committee American cancer AJCC staging criteria above,the patients were divided into group Ⅰ(7 cases),group Ⅱ(16 cases),group Ⅲ(13 cases)and IV (9 cases),using immunohistochemical staining SP method,the expression of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4detection in patients with biopsy is different,and the control group (45 cases)were analyzed by statistical software,calculation,the relationship between the expression of further a-nalysis of above factors and duodenal adenocarcinoma.Results The expression level of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4 in patients with duodenal adenocarcinoma,increased significantly compared with the control group (P <0.05),Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ,the difference between the four groups was significantly(P <0.05).Conclusion Expression of PCNA,BCL-2 and BMP2/4 of duodenal adenocarcinoma tissues is closely related to the disease,at the same time with the biological behav-ior and pathology of the disease the academic stages of relevance,it has certain guiding significance for the diagnosis of duodenaladenocarcinoma and prognosis.%目的:观察十二指肠腺癌患者体内 PCNA、BCL-2及 BMP2/4的表达情况,进一步探讨 PCNA、BCL-2及BMP2/4在该疾病诊断及预后中的临床意义。方法选取2005年1月至2014年11月间在我院检查取组织活检确诊为十二指肠腺癌患者45例,根据美国癌症联合委员会 AJCC 的分期标准,将以上患者分为Ⅰ组(7例)、Ⅱ组(16例)、Ⅲ组(13例)以及Ⅳ组(9例),采用免疫组织化学染色 SP 法,检测不同患者活检组织中的 PCNA、BCL-2及BMP2/4的表达情况,并与对照组(45例)进行对

  1. Bcl-2 gene therapy for apoptosis following traumatic brain injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiao-feng; ZHENG Xue-sheng; LIU Wei-guo; FENG Jun-feng

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effect of Bcl- 2 fusion protein on apoptosis in brain following traumatic brain injury.Methods: Bcl-2 gene was cloned by RT-PCR. Bcl-2 and EGFP genes were linked together and inserted into pAdeno-X vector. This recombinant vector was packaged into infectious adenovirus in HEK293 cells. Ninety Wistar rats were assigned randomly into experimental group(n=45) and control group (n=45). All rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury. Then recombinant adenovirus (for experimental group) or saline (for control group) was injected into the traumatic brain. The expression of Bcl-2 fusion protein was investigated by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and fluorescence microscopy. Apoptosis in the injured brain was studied by TUNEL. Animals' behavior capacity was evaluated by tiltboard test.Results: In the experimental group, many fluorescent cells were found around the traumatic locus,which were also proven to be Bcl-2-positive by immunohistochemistry. On the contrary, few Bcl-2-positive cells and no fluorescent cell were detected in the control group. Bcl-2 expression of experimental group was much higher than that of control group, which was illustrated by Western blotting. The apoptosis index of experimental group was 0.027 ± 0.005, and that of control group was 0.141±0.025 (P<0.01). Two weeks after injury, animals of the experimental group behaved better than those of the control group.Conclusions: A recombinant adenovirus vector expressing Bcl-2 fusion protein has been constructed. Bcl-2 fusion protein can suppress apoptosis and promote cell survival. Moreover, the behavior recovery of the injured animal is promoted. Bcl-2 fusion protein provides a way to track the target cells in vivo.

  2. 吲哚美辛对COPD大鼠TNF-α与Bcl-2和Bax表达的影响%The Influence of Indomethacin on the Expression of TNF-α and Bcl-2 and Bax in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Rat Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周兰英; 孙圣华; 高健; 宋薇; 杨小仙; 唐文祥

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨吲哚美辛对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)模型大鼠趾长伸肌TNF-α及Bcl-2和Bax表达的影响.方法:100只健康Wistar大鼠随机分为模型组和对照组(A组).模型组采用熏香烟和气管内滴注猪胰蛋白酶(PEE)法建立COPD模型大鼠,以低于A组大鼠平均体重的90%判断发生营养不良的标准,将模型组大鼠分为COPD营养正常组(B组)和COPD营养不良组,COPD营养不良组随机化原则分为COPD营养不良生理盐水组(C组)、吲哚美辛1组(D组)、吲哚美辛2组(E组)、吲哚美辛3组(F组).A、B、C三组灌注等量生理盐水,D、E、F组给予不同剂量吲哚美辛(IND)灌胃干预.TUNEL法测定趾长伸肌细胞凋亡率,免疫组织化学法测定Bcl-2、Bax蛋白表达,双抗体夹心法测定血清及趾长伸肌肿瘤坏死因子α(TNF-α)浓度.结果:吲哚美辛干预后,E组趾长伸肌细胞凋亡率、Bcl-2、Bax的蛋白表达、趾长伸肌匀浆和吲哚美辛干预后血清TNF-α浓度低于C、D、F组,但高于A、B组,P<0.05;E组趾长伸肌Bcl-2蛋白表达高于C、D、F组,低于A、B组,P<0.05,结论:Bcl-2、Bax及TNF-α参与COPD模型大鼠趾长伸肌细胞凋亡,适当剂量的吲哚美辛可改善COPD营养不良模型骨大鼠趾长伸肌的凋亡.%Objective: To investigate the effect of indomethacin on the expression of Bcl-2 , TNF-a and Bax in extensor digito-rum longus in the COPD rafs models. Methods: 100 healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into model group and control group (group A). The model group rat was performed with intratracheal instillation of porcine pancreatic elastase (PEE) and exposed to cigarette smoke to establish COPD models. Malnutrition was defined if the body weight of the rats in the model group was lower than 90% of the mean body weight of the control group. All model rats were divided into non-malnutntion COPD group (group B) and malnutrition COPD group, and the malnutrition COPD group rats were randomly divided

  3. Effects of intermittent hypoxic preconditioning on apoptosis-related Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression in rat liver after partial hepatectomy under ischemia-reperfusion%间断低氧预适应对大鼠肝切除缺血再灌注肝脏凋亡相关蛋白Bcl-2、Bax表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 李鹏飞; 韩效帆; 朱世春; 李广; 李俊; 张培建

    2014-01-01

    目的 观察术前间断低氧预适应对大鼠70%肝切术后缺血再灌注损伤肝脏凋亡相关蛋白Bcl-2和Bax表达的影响.方法 健康清洁级SD大鼠54只,用SPSS软件随机分为3组,每组18只:(1)肝切除组(PH组),切除肝脏的左叶和中叶(约占总肝重的70%);(2)缺血再灌注组(IR组),即在肝门阻断下切除肝脏的左叶和中叶,肝门阻断20 min后开放血流,残余肝脏发生了缺血再灌注过程;(3)间断低氧预适应组(IHP组),术前1周将大鼠置于氧气体积分数为10%的低氧环境中,每天1h.1周后在肝门阻断下行肝切除术(同IR组).各组分别于术后12、24、48 h进行取材检测,用全自动生化分析仪检测血清谷丙转氨酶(ALT)、谷草转氨酶(AST)含量,采用免疫组化方法检测残余肝组织Bcl-2、Bax表达情况.结果 在术后各时间点,IR组和IHP组血清ALT和AST水平均显著高于PH组,但IHP组明显低于IR组.与IR组相比,IHP组术后各时间点肝脏Bcl-2蛋白表达显著升高,而Bax蛋白表达显著下降.差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 间断低氧预适应对残余肝脏缺血再灌注损伤具有保护作用,其途径可能是通过促进抗凋亡蛋白Bcl-2表达和抑制促凋亡蛋白Bax表达,来减少肝细胞凋亡.%Objective To observe the effects of intermittent hypoxic preconditioning on the expression of apoptosis-related Bcl-2 and Bax protein after 70% hepatectomy combined with ischemia-reperfusion injury.Methods A total of fifty-four SD rats were randomly divided into three groups (n =18).Partial hepatectomy hroup (PH Group):Rats underwent the left and middle lobectomy of liver(70% hepatectomy).Ischemia reperfusion group (IR group):The left and middle lobes of liver were resected during the occlusion of the hepatoduodenal ligament for 20 minutes.Residual liver underwent the process of ischemia-reperfusion.Intermittent hypoxia preconditioning group (IHP group):rats were exposed to hypoxic environment of 10

  4. Câncer de boca: expressão imuno-histoquímica de c-erbB-2, Bcl-2 e EGFR - estudo comparativo com leucoplasia e hiperplasia inflamatória = Oral cancer: immunohistochemical expression of c-erbB-2, Bcl-2 and EGFR – study with leukoplakia and inflammatory hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barros, Rosana M. G.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Anormalidades em genes que regulam a proliferação e morte celular podem provocar inúmeras doenças entre elas o carcinoma epidermóide de boca. Tem sido relatado que alterações genéticas nas células tumorais predizem a agressividade biológica dos tumores. Marcadores genéticos como c-erbB-2, Bcl-2 e EGFR são considerados indicadores promissores de prognósticos para as lesões cancerizáveis e as neoplasias. Objetivo: Avaliar a expressão imunohistoquímica das proteínas c-erbB-2, Bcl-2 e EGFR (oncoproteínas envolvidas nas vias de proliferação celular Material e Métodos: cento e cinco blocos e parafina contendo fragmentos de biopsias incisionais, sendo 54 de carcinomas epidermóides, 25 blocos de leucoplasias e 26 blocos de hiperlasias obtidos do Laboratório de Patologia de Boca da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFSM. A expressão das proteínas foi verificada através da técnica imunohistoquímica utilizando a estreptoavidina-biotina-peroxidase no Laboratório de Patologia da Universidade de Brasília (UNB. Resultados: Os resultados revelaram diferença estatisticamente significante da proteína EGFR para os carcinomas epidermóides de boca e para as demais proteínas não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as lesões. Conclusões: Os resultados sugerem que o EGFR pode ser utilizado como marcador em carcinoma de boca podendo contribuir para a progressão da neoplasia, porém sendo insuficiente na predição da carcinogênese.

  5. Effects of dragon's blood on the expression of substance P and Bcl-2 in wound tissue of diabetic scalded rats%糖尿病模型大鼠烫伤创面皮肤组织P物质和Bcl-2表达与龙血竭的干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宪发; 吴正球; 梁自乾; 赵学凯; 丁华荣

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that dragon's blood can promote the wound healing as well as have characteristics of anti-platelet aggregation, anti-inflammatory analgesic, anti-bacterial and antioxidant and other biological activity. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effects of dragon's blood on the expression of substance P and Bcl-2 in wound tissue of diabetic scalded rats.METHODS: A total of 112 Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: dragon's blood group, silver sulfadiazine (SD-Ag) group, diabetic control group and normal control group. Diabetic deep II degree burn models were established in dragon's blood group, SD-Ag group and diabetic control group, and the normal deep II degree burn models were established in normal control group.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: On the 7th day post scald, the wound healing rates of dragon's blood group and normal control group were higher than those of SD-Ag group and diabetic control group (P 0.05). The results demonstrate that dragon's blood can promote the healing of diabetic burn wounds significantly by regulating the expression of substance P and Bcl-2.%背景:研究证明龙血竭有促进创伤愈合、抗血小板聚集、抗炎镇痛、抗菌抗氧化等生物活性.目的:验证龙血竭在糖尿病大鼠烫伤皮肤组织愈合过程中对P物质和Bcl-2表达的影响.方法:Wistar大鼠112只,随机分为4组.龙血竭组、磺胺嘧啶银(SD-Ag)组、糖尿病对照组和正常对照组.其中前3组为糖尿病深Ⅱ度烫伤模型,正常对照组为正常深Ⅱ度烫伤模型.结果与结论:烫伤后第7天开始创面愈合率龙血竭组、正常对照组高于SD-Ag组和糖尿病对照组(P 0.05).说明龙血竭能通过参与调控P物质和Bcl-2的表达,有效地促进糖尿病烫伤创面的愈合.

  6. Glutathione and Bcl-2 targeting facilitates elimination by chemoradiotherapy of human A375 melanoma xenografts overexpressing bcl-xl, bcl-2, and mcl-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mena Salvador

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bcl-2 is believed to contribute to melanoma chemoresistance. However, expression of Bcl-2 proteins may be different among melanomas. Thus correlations among expression of Bcl-2-related proteins and in vivo melanoma progression, and resistance to combination therapies, was investigated. Methods Human A375 melanoma was injected s.c. into immunodeficient nude mice. Protein expression was studied in tumor samples obtained by laser microdisection. Transfection of siRNA or ectopic overexpression were applied to manipulate proteins which are up- or down-regulated, preferentially, during melanoma progression. Anti-bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides and chemoradiotherapy (glutathione-depleting agents, paclitaxel protein-binding particles, daunorubicin, X rays were administered in combination. Results In vivo A375 cells down-regulated pro-apoptotic bax expression; and up-regulated anti-apoptotic bcl-2, bcl-xl, and mcl-1, however only Bcl-2 appeared critical for long-term tumor cell survival and progression in vivo. Reduction of Bcl-2, combined with partial therapies, decreased melanoma growth. But only Bcl-2 targeting plus the full combination of chemoradiotherapy eradicated A375 melanoma, and led to long-term survival (> 120 days without recurrence in 80% of mice. Tumor regression was not due to immune stimulation. Hematology and clinical chemistry data were within accepted clinical toxicities. Conclusion Strategies to target Bcl-2, may increase the effectiveness of antitumor therapies against melanomas overexpressing Bcl-2 and likely other Bcl-2-related antiapoptotic proteins.

  7. Effect of Shengqing Jiangtang Decoction on Expression of Bcl-2,Bax,Akt in Beta Cells with Oxidative Damage%升清降糖合剂对氧化损伤胰岛β细胞Bcl -2、Bax、Akt表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪小芬; 胡臻; 郑超; 徐晓峰

    2011-01-01

    It is a study on protective mechanism of Shengqing Jiangtang decoction (SQ) on pancreatic beta - cells with oxidative damage. We made the oxidative damage of beta - cells by H2O2 and interfered with SQ, we assayed the cell apotosis rate, the expression levels of Bel - 2, Bax and phosphorylated Akt (pAkt) by flow cytometry, fluroimmuno -assay and Western Blot method, respectively. We found the apotosis rate of model group (35. 18 ±2.41)% had statistical defference compared with protection group (19. 56 ± 1.08) % , P < 0. 01. Bel - 2 expression increased and Bax expression decreased in protection group, which had a difference compared with model group(P <0.05) , respectively. We found pAkt protein expressed in both RINm5F and primary rat pancreatic islets. In each object, expression of pAkt declined in model group, which had a statistical difference compared with negative group; pAkt increased in protection group, which had a statistical difference compared with model group, respectively.%目的:研究升清降糖合剂(SQ)对氧化损伤胰岛β细胞凋亡的保护作用,探讨其对凋亡蛋白Bcl -2和Bax、Akt蛋白表达的影响.方法:H2O2诱导胰岛细胞氧化损伤模型,流式细胞术测定胰岛细胞凋亡率,以荧光免疫法检测细胞凋亡蛋白Bcl -2和Bax的表达,免疫印迹测定细胞Akt磷酸化表达.结果:模型组细胞凋亡率增高,达(35.18±2.41)%,与正常组比较有差异(P<0.01),与SQ保护组比较有差异(P<0.01).模型组细胞内Bax荧光表达较正常组增加(P<0.05);SQ保护组Bcl -2荧光表达上升,Bax荧光表达下降,与模型组比较,均有统计学差异(P<0.05).对于胰岛细胞瘤株RINm5F,模型组磷酸化Akt蛋白表达减少,与正常组比较有统计学差异(P<0.05),与保护组比较有统计学差异(P<0.01);对于原代胰岛,模型组磷酸化Akt蛋白减少,与正常组比较有统计学差异(P<0.05),与保护组比较有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论:升清降糖合

  8. Curcumin reduces expression of Bcl-2, leading to apoptosis in daunorubicin-insensitive CD34+ acute myeloid leukemia cell lines and primary sorted CD34+ acute myeloid leukemia cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an immunophenotypically heterogenous malignant disease, in which CD34 positivity is associated with poor prognosis. CD34+ AML cells are 10-15-fold more resistant to daunorubicin (DNR) than CD34- AML cells. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric that has shown cytotoxic activity in multiple cancers; however, its anti-cancer activity has not been well studied in DNR-insensitive CD34+ AML cells. The aim of this study was to therefore to explore curcumin-induced cytotoxicity in DNR-insensitive CD34+ AML cell lines (KG1a, Kasumi-1), DNR-sensitive U937 AML cells, and primary CD34+ AML bone-marrow-derived cells. Methods Primary human CD34+ cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells or bone marrow mononuclear cells using a CD34 MicroBead kit. The growth inhibitory effects of curcumin were evaluated by MTT and colony-formation assays. Cell cycle distribution was examined by propidium iodide (PI) assay. Apoptosis was analyzed by Wright-Giemsa, Hoechst 33342 and Annexin-V/PI staining assays. The change in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was examined by JC-1 staining and flow cytometry. Expression of apoptosis-related proteins was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Short interfering RNA (siRNA) against Bcl-2 was used in CD34+ KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells incubated with/without DNR. Results Curcumin inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis and G1/S arrest in both DNR-insensitive KG1a, Kasumi-1 and DNR-sensitive U937 cells. Curcumin-induced apoptosis was associated with reduced expression of both Bcl-2 mRNA and protein, subsequent loss of MMP, and activation of caspase-3 followed by PARP degradation. Curcumin synergistically enhanced the cytotoxic effect of DNR in DNR-insensitive KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells, consistent with decreased Bcl-2 expression. Accordingly, siRNA against Bcl-2 increased the susceptibility of KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells to DNR-induced apoptosis

  9. Curcumin reduces expression of Bcl-2, leading to apoptosis in daunorubicin-insensitive CD34+ acute myeloid leukemia cell lines and primary sorted CD34+ acute myeloid leukemia cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Sheng-Shan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute myeloid leukemia (AML is an immunophenotypically heterogenous malignant disease, in which CD34 positivity is associated with poor prognosis. CD34+ AML cells are 10-15-fold more resistant to daunorubicin (DNR than CD34- AML cells. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric that has shown cytotoxic activity in multiple cancers; however, its anti-cancer activity has not been well studied in DNR-insensitive CD34+ AML cells. The aim of this study was to therefore to explore curcumin-induced cytotoxicity in DNR-insensitive CD34+ AML cell lines (KG1a, Kasumi-1, DNR-sensitive U937 AML cells, and primary CD34+ AML bone-marrow-derived cells. Methods Primary human CD34+ cells were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells or bone marrow mononuclear cells using a CD34 MicroBead kit. The growth inhibitory effects of curcumin were evaluated by MTT and colony-formation assays. Cell cycle distribution was examined by propidium iodide (PI assay. Apoptosis was analyzed by Wright-Giemsa, Hoechst 33342 and Annexin-V/PI staining assays. The change in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP was examined by JC-1 staining and flow cytometry. Expression of apoptosis-related proteins was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Short interfering RNA (siRNA against Bcl-2 was used in CD34+ KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells incubated with/without DNR. Results Curcumin inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis and G1/S arrest in both DNR-insensitive KG1a, Kasumi-1 and DNR-sensitive U937 cells. Curcumin-induced apoptosis was associated with reduced expression of both Bcl-2 mRNA and protein, subsequent loss of MMP, and activation of caspase-3 followed by PARP degradation. Curcumin synergistically enhanced the cytotoxic effect of DNR in DNR-insensitive KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells, consistent with decreased Bcl-2 expression. Accordingly, siRNA against Bcl-2 increased the susceptibility of KG1a and Kasumi-1 cells to

  10. SF Treg cells transcribing high levels of Bcl-2 and microRNA-21 demonstrate limited apoptosis in RA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Geest, Kornelis S. M.; Smigielska, Katarzyna; Park, Ji-Ah; Abdulahad, Wayel H.; Kim, Hye-Won; Kroesen, Bart-Jan; van den Berg, Anke; Boots, Annemieke M. H.; Lee, Eun-Bong; Brouwer, Elisabeth

    2015-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the turnover of Treg cells in the SF of RA patients. Methods. Treg cells were enumerated in peripheral blood and SF of RA patients and analysed by flow cytometry for expression of the proliferation marker Ki-67 and binding of the apoptosis marker a

  11. Apoptosis in differentiating C2C12 muscle cells selectively targets Bcl-2-deficient myotubes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöneich, Christian; Dremina, Elena; Galeva, Nadezhda; Sharov, Victor

    2014-01-01

    Muscle cell apoptosis accompanies normal muscle development and regeneration, as well as degenerative diseases and aging. C2C12 murine myoblast cells represent a common model to study muscle differentiation. Though it was already shown that myogenic differentiation of C2C12 cells is accompanied by enhanced apoptosis in a fraction of cells, either the cell population sensitive to apoptosis or regulatory mechanisms for the apoptotic response are unclear so far. In the current study we characterize apoptotic phenotypes of different types of C2C12 cells at all stages of differentiation, and report here that myotubes of differentiated C2C12 cells with low levels of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression are particularly vulnerable to apoptosis even though they are displaying low levels of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, Bak and Bad. In contrast, reserve cells exhibit higher levels of Bcl-2 and high resistance to apoptosis. The transfection of proliferating myoblasts with Bcl-2 prior to differentiation did not protect against spontaneous apoptosis accompanying differentiation of C2C12 cells but led to Bcl-2 overexpression in myotubes and to significant protection from apoptotic cell loss caused by exposure to hydrogen peroxide. Overall, our data advocate for a Bcl-2-dependent mechanism of apoptosis in differentiated muscle cells. However, downstream processes for spontaneous and hydrogen peroxide induced apoptosis are not completely similar. Apoptosis in differentiating myoblasts and myotubes is regulated not through interaction of Bcl-2 with pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins such as Bax, Bak, and Bad.

  12. Study of effects of three kinds of dental alloys on Bcl-2 expression in L929 cells%3种齿科合金材料浸提液对L929细胞Bcl-2表达影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗璇; 战德松

    2012-01-01

    Objective ①To detect expression of bcl-2 gene which is related to cell apoptosis by culturing L929 cells in the leaching liquor of dental alloys. ② To explore the influence of biological materials on the body at protein level using immunohistochemical method. Methods Extract leaching liquor of nickel-free austenitic stainless steel,317L stainless steel,gold alloy for inoculation and culture of L929 cell, and measure the expression of bcl-2 and Bax 48,72, and 96 hours after inoculation. Results There were significant differences in cell apoptosis among all groups at the above-mentioned time points ( P gold alloy group > BIOSSN4 nitrogenous nickel-free austenitic stainless steel grouP > 317L stainless steel group. The expression of Bax goes from strong to weak:317L stainless steel group > BIOSSN4 nitrogenous nickel-free austenite stainless steel group > gold alloy grouP > negative control group. Conclusions Apoptosis degrees of L929 cells caused by leaching liquor of different dental alloys are different. Gold alloy enjoys the best biocompatibility, followed by BIOSSN4 nitrogenous nickel-free austenitic stainless steel,while 317L stainless steel is the worst.%目的 ①在齿科合金浸提液中培养L929细胞检测细胞凋亡相关基因Bcl-2的表达情况;②利用免疫组化的方法从蛋白水平研究生物材料对机体的影响.方法 分别提取无镍奥氏体不锈钢、317L不锈钢、金合金的浸提液为L929细胞接种培养,并分别检测在接种后48、72、96 h Bcl-2、Bax表达的程度.结果 各实验组在上述时间点,各组细胞的凋亡情况差异有显著性(P<0.01).Bcl-2的荧光表达程度由强到弱:阴性对照组>金合金组>BIOSSN4含氮无镍奥氏体不锈钢组>317L不锈钢组;Bax的表达强度由强到弱:317L不锈钢组>BIOSSN4含氮无镍奥氏体不锈钢组>金合金组>阴性对照组.结论 不同齿科合金的浸提液引起的L929细胞的凋亡程度不同.金合

  13. Bcl-2 and N-Myc Coexpression Increases IGF-IR and Features of Malignant Growth in Neuroblastoma Cell Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama Jasty

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The bcl-2 and c-myc oncogenes cooperate to transform multiple cell types. In the pediatric malignancy NB2, Bcl2 is highly expressed. In tumors with a poor prognosis, N-Myc, a protein homologous to c-Myc, is overexpressed as a result of gene amplification. The present study was designed to determine whether Bcl-2 cooperates with N-Myc to bestow a tumorigenic phenotype to neuroblastoma (NB cells. NB cell lines that at baseline express neither Bcl-2 nor N-Myc were stably transfected to express these gene products. In this model, we found Bcl-2 rescues N-Myc-expressing cells from apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal. Coexpression of Bcl-2 and N-Myc supports growth in low serum conditions and anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. Similarly, in vivo tumorigenic and angiogenic activity was dependent on coexpression. Our data further suggests that the mechanism underlying these changes involves the receptor for insulin growth factor type I (IGF-IR.

  14. RBP2 Promotes Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by Upregulating BCL2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoming; Zhou, Minran; Fu, Yue; Sun, Ting; Chen, Jin; Qin, Xuemei; Yu, Yuan; Jia, Jihui; Chen, Chunyan

    2016-01-01

    Despite recent increases in the cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adult ALL remains a high-risk disease that exhibits a high relapse rate. In this study, we found that the histone demethylase retinoblastoma binding protein-2 (RBP2) was overexpressed in both on-going and relapse cases of adult ALL, which revealed that RBP2 overexpression was not only involved in the pathogenesis of ALL but that its overexpression might also be related to relapse of the disease. RBP2 knockdown induced apoptosis and attenuated leukemic cell viability. Our results demonstrated that BCL2 is a novel target of RBP2 and supported the notion of RBP2 being a regulator of BCL2 expression via directly binding to its promoter. As the role of RBP2 in regulating apoptosis was confirmed, RBP2 overexpression and activation of BCL2 might play important roles in ALL development and progression. PMID:27008505

  15. RBP2 Promotes Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by Upregulating BCL2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoming Wang

    Full Text Available Despite recent increases in the cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, adult ALL remains a high-risk disease that exhibits a high relapse rate. In this study, we found that the histone demethylase retinoblastoma binding protein-2 (RBP2 was overexpressed in both on-going and relapse cases of adult ALL, which revealed that RBP2 overexpression was not only involved in the pathogenesis of ALL but that its overexpression might also be related to relapse of the disease. RBP2 knockdown induced apoptosis and attenuated leukemic cell viability. Our results demonstrated that BCL2 is a novel target of RBP2 and supported the notion of RBP2 being a regulator of BCL2 expression via directly binding to its promoter. As the role of RBP2 in regulating apoptosis was confirmed, RBP2 overexpression and activation of BCL2 might play important roles in ALL development and progression.

  16. The Influence of Matrine on Apoptosis and Expression of Bax and Bci-2 in Colorectal Cancer Cells%苦参碱对大肠癌细胞凋亡及Bax、Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雷; 刘明

    2012-01-01

    [Purpose] To investigate the effect of Matrine on proliferation inhibition, apoptotic and Bax and Bcl-2 expression in human colorectal cancer cell line Lovo. [Methods] Lovo cells cultured in vitro were interfered with 0.05-1.6mg/ml different concentration of Matrine. The proliferation inhibition effect on Lovo cells was observed by MTT method. Apoptosis induction effect on Lovo cells was detected by DNA ladder, flow cytometer and TUNEL staining. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins correlated with apoptosis were detected by Western Blot assay. [Results] After being exposed to Matrine (0.05-1.6mg/ml) for 24 and 48h, the proliferation of Lovo cells was inhibited in a dose-time dependent manner. DNA ladder, Annexin V-PI method and TUNEL staining showed Matrine was obviously increased along with Matrine concentration increased. The expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax was increased, while anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was decreased as Matrine doses increased. [Conclusion] Matrine can inhibit proliferation and induction of apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells. Increased expression of Bax and decreased expression of Bcl-2 might involve in Matrine-induced apoptosis.%[目的]探讨苦参碱对人大肠癌Lovo细胞增殖抑制和凋亡诱导作用及其对Bax、Bcl-2表达的影响.[方法] 0.05~l.6mg/ml不同浓度苦参碱作用Lovo细胞,采用MTT法检测苦参碱对大肠癌Lovo细胞增殖抑制作用,DNA ladder、AnnexinV -PI法及TUNEL染色检测细胞凋亡,Western Blot法检测凋亡相关蛋白Bax、Bcl-2表达的变化.[结果]0.05~1.6mg/ml苦参碱处理Lovo细胞24h或48h后,细胞增殖均明显受抑制;DNA ladder、Annexin V-PI法及TUNEL染色检测结果显示苦参碱呈时间、剂量依赖性诱导细胞凋亡;促凋亡蛋白Bax随着苦参碱剂量增加表达增加,抗凋亡蛋白Bcl-2随着苦参碱剂量增加表达减少.[结论]苦参碱具有抑制大肠癌细胞增殖,诱导其凋亡的作用.苦参碱诱导大肠癌细胞凋

  17. Effect of morin-5'-sulfonic acid sodium salt on the expression of apoptosis related proteins caspase 3, Bax and Bcl 2 due to the mercury induced oxidative stress in albino rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesan, Rantham Subramaniam; Sadiq, Abdul Majeeth Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    Many environmental contaminants have been reported to disturb the pro-oxidant or antioxidant balance of the cells by inducing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress mediated by the HgCl2 induces DNA, protein and lipid oxidation resulted in necrosis or apoptosis, or both. Currently flavonoids are being emerging topic and reported to have antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti- tumor and antioxidant activities. Morin is one of the flavonoid protects the cells from oxygen free radical damage and scavenges the free radicals and metals and also heals the injured cells commercially. Morin hydrate is sparingly soluble in water. Hence, the water soluble morin -5'- sulfonic acid sodium salt (NaMSA) was selected and synthesized. Aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of morin-5'-sulfonic acid sodium salt on the expression of apoptosis related proteins caspase 3, Bax and Bcl 2 due to the mercury induced oxidative stress in albino rats.. The experimental rats were exposed to sub lethal concentration of mercuric chloride (1.25mg/kg) and the ameliorating effect of NaMSA was studied by using apoptotic protein markers Bax and caspase-3 and Bcl-2. The obtained results were analyzed using one way analysis of variance by the Duncan's Multiple comparison test to determine the level of significance (p) and pBax and caspase-3 and a decreased expression was noted in the Bcl-2 level compared with control bands significantly (pBax, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 levels compared with control rats. Hence, the membrane damage was protected, stopped the cell death and apoptosis. This could be due to the morin-5'-sulfonic acid sodium salt effective chelation action on the HgCl2 generated free radicals. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  18. Erythropoietin effect on myocardial Bax and Bcl-2 expression for doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy of rats%促红细胞生成素对阿霉素性心肌病大鼠心肌Bax和Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴; 王佩显; 许博裳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To determine apoptotic protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 of myocardium in rats of doxorubicin ( DOX) -induced cardiomyopathy, and to investigate protective mechanisms of erythropoietin (EPO) on DOX-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods Thirty-one Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, DOX group and DOX+EPO group. After four weeks of drugs treatment, all rats were evaluated for general situation, echocardiography and histological analysis. Protein and mRNA expression of Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) respectively. Results There were 75% of rats with obvious ascites in DOX group. Rats in DOX group showed similar changes to those of DOX induced-cardiomyopathy in human by echocardiography and histological analysis. There was a significant improvement in cardiac function and myocardial fibrosis in DOX+EPO group compared to DOX group. Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR revealed that compared to the DOX group, treatment with EPO did not decrease Bax protein and mRNA expression, but significantly increase Bcl-2 expression. Conclusions EPO may exert protective effects on DOX-induced cardiomyopathy, which may attribute to up-regulation of protein and mRNA expression of Bcl-2.%目的:观察凋亡相关蛋白Bax和Bc1-2在阿霉素(DOX)性心肌病大鼠心肌中的表达,探讨促红细胞生成素(EPO)保护阿霉素性心肌病大鼠的机制.方法:31只雄性Wistar大鼠随机分为对照组、DOX组和DOX+EPO组.药物干预4周后,观察各组大鼠一般情况,进行超声心动图和心肌病理学检查,采用免疫组化和RT-PCR检测Bax与Bc1-2的蛋白和mRNA表达水平.结果:DOX组大鼠符合阿霉素性心肌病表现,DOX+EPO组大鼠左心功能改善,心肌纤维化明显减少.与DOX组相比较,EPO治疗(DOX+EPO组)未能降低Bax蛋白和mRNA表达水平,但显著升高了Bc1-2的表达水平(P<0.05).结论:EPO对阿霉素性心肌病具有良好的保

  19. Effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with Danhong injection on expression of GAP-43 and Bcl-2 after cerebral infarction%骨髓间充质干细胞联合丹红注射液干预脑梗死组织GAP-43、Bcl-2的表达★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金艳; 张哲成

    2013-01-01

      背景:丹红注射液能够清除自由基和抑制脂质过氧化反应,能够改善中枢神经系统梗死后损伤区的微环境。目的:探讨骨髓间充质干细胞移植联合丹红注射液对大鼠脑梗死组织GAP-43、Bcl-2表达的影响。方法:选取Wistar大鼠60只,建立大脑中动脉闭塞模型,随机分为对照组、骨髓间充质干细胞组和联合治疗组。对照组尾静脉注射PBS、骨髓间充质干细胞组尾静脉注射2.5×109 L-1的骨髓间充质干细胞悬液、联合治疗组联合注射2 mL/kg丹红注射液+2.5×109 L-1的骨髓间充质干细胞悬液,均连续5 d,1次/d。结果与结论:移植后24 h,3 d各组间大鼠神经功能障碍评分差异无显著性意义(P >0.05),移植后1周、2周,联合治疗组大鼠神经功能障碍评分低于骨髓间充质干细胞组及对照组(P 0.05). The neurological dysfunction scores in the ombination group were significantly lower than those in the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel group and control group at 1 and 2 weeks after transplantation (P<0.05). In the combination group, GAP-43 and Bcl-2 expression was significantly higher than the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel group and control group (P<0.05). Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel transplantation combined with Danhong injection can significantly promote the local expression of GAP-43 and Bcl-2 after cerebral infarction, and has obvious inhibitory effects on cel apoptosis in rats with cerebral infarction.

  20. Expressions of apoptosis-related gene Bax, Bcl-2 and cytochrome C in renal tissue of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats%凋亡相关基因Bax、Bcl-2及细胞色素C在链脲佐菌素糖尿病大鼠肾组织内的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学平; 李玉磊; 金晓梅; 彭彦霄; 贾雪梅

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察糖尿病大鼠肾组织中促凋亡基因Bax、凋亡抑制基因Bcl-2及细胞色素C(cytochrome C,cytC)的表达变化.方法 雄性SD大鼠24只,随机分为糖尿病组和正常对照组,每组12只.糖尿病组给予2%链脲佐菌素(溶于pH4.4、0.1 mol/L柠檬酸-柠檬酸钠缓冲液)按65 mg/kg单次腹腔注射,复制糖尿病模型.正常对照组只注射相当体积的枸橼酸缓冲液.分别于4周、12周后测体质量、尿蛋白、血糖、血清尿素氮及血清肌酐水平.用H-E染色观察肾形态学变化,免疫组织化学染色观察Bax、Bcl-2和cytC蛋白表达变化,TUNEL法观察大鼠肾皮质细胞凋亡情况.结果 与正常对照组比较,糖尿病组大鼠24 h尿蛋白、血糖、尿素氮及血肌酐水平升高(P<0.05,P<0.01).糖尿病组大鼠4周时肾小球体积增大,12周时肾小球系膜基质增生和肾小球硬化,肾小管上皮细胞空泡样变.随病程延长,糖尿病组大鼠肾小管上皮细胞Bax及cytC表达增加,而Bcl-2表达减弱.细胞凋亡检测结果显示,糖尿病组大鼠4周时凋亡细胞增多,多数在远曲肾小管,12周时远曲肾小管及近曲肾小管均可见凋亡细胞.结论 Bax及cytC表达随糖尿病病程延长而增强,引起细胞凋亡增加,导致肾功能异常,这可能是糖尿病肾病的重要发病机制.%Objective To observe the changes in expressions of apoptosis-promoting gene Bax, apoptosis-inhibiting gene Bcl-2, and cytochrome C in the renal tissue of diabetic rats. Methods Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n= 12) : normal control group and diabetic group. Diabetic models were induced by single intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (dissolved in pH 4. 4,0. 1 mol/L citric acid sodium buffer, 65 mg/kg). Normal control group was only injected with same volume of folic buffer. Animals were sacrificed at the 4th and 12th week, and body mass, 24-hour urine protein, blood glucose, blood urine

  1. 生酮饮食对MPTP 小鼠帕金森病模型黑质TH、Bcl-2和caspase-3基因表达的影响%Ketogenic diet affects substantia nigra TH, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 gene expressions in mouse models with 1-methyl-4-phenyl 1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine-induced PD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鑫; 王国坤; 周晓平

    2010-01-01

    group were fed with KD every other day for 1 month. All mice were trained for rotarod test during the feeding and time on the rotarod was formally recorded 1 d before the drug injection. One d after the last injection, rotarod test was implemented again, and then, samples of blood were collected for analysis of serum concentrations of ketone bodies and glucose. The levels of substantia nigra TH, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 gene expressions were examined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results The mice in the KD+MPTP group not only enjoyed a lower mortality rate, but also performed better in the rotarod test than mice in the MPTP group.The concentrations of serum ketone bodies in the KD group and KD+MPTP group were significantly higher than those in the other 2 groups (P<0.05). Compared with the MPTP group, the levels of TH and Bcl-2 gene expressions in the KD+MPTP group were significantly increased, while the level of caspase-3 gene expression was significantly reduced (P<0.05). Conclusion KD reverses the effect of MPTP administration by decreasing the level of Bcl-2 gene expression and increasing the level of caspase-3 gene expression, therefore, it inhibits the apoptosis of dopaminergic neurons and plays a vital role in the protection of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons.

  2. Noxa/Bcl-2 protein interactions contribute to bortezomib resistance in human lymphoid cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alyson J; Dai, Haiming; Correia, Cristina; Takahashi, Rie; Lee, Sun-Hee; Schmitz, Ingo; Kaufmann, Scott H

    2011-05-20

    Previous studies have suggested that the BH3 domain of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Noxa only interacts with the anti-apoptotic proteins Mcl-1 and A1 but not Bcl-2. In view of the similarity of the BH3 binding domains of these anti-apoptotic proteins as well as recent evidence that studies of isolated BH3 domains can potentially underestimate the binding between full-length Bcl-2 family members, we examined the interaction of full-length human Noxa with anti-apoptotic human Bcl-2 family members. Surface plasmon resonance using bacterially expressed proteins demonstrated that Noxa binds with mean dissociation constants (K(D)) of 3.4 nm for Mcl-1, 70 nm for Bcl-x(L), and 250 nm for wild type human Bcl-2, demonstrating selectivity but not absolute specificity of Noxa for Mcl-1. Further analysis showed that the Noxa/Bcl-2 interaction reflected binding between the Noxa BH3 domain and the Bcl-2 BH3 binding groove. Analysis of proteins expressed in vivo demonstrated that Noxa and Bcl-2 can be pulled down together from a variety of cells. Moreover, when compared with wild type Bcl-2, certain lymphoma-derived Bcl-2 mutants bound Noxa up to 20-fold more tightly in vitro, pulled down more Noxa from cells, and protected cells against killing by transfected Noxa to a greater extent. When killing by bortezomib (an agent whose cytotoxicity in Jurkat T-cell leukemia cells is dependent on Noxa) was examined, apoptosis was enhanced by the Bcl-2/Bcl-x(L) antagonist ABT-737 or by Bcl-2 down-regulation and diminished by Bcl-2 overexpression. Collectively, these observations not only establish the ability of Noxa and Bcl-2 to interact but also identify Bcl-2 overexpression as a potential mechanism of bortezomib resistance.

  3. Copper Induces Apoptosis of Neuroblastoma Cells Via Post-translational Regulation of the Expression of Bcl-2-family Proteins and the tx Mouse is a Better Model of Hepatic than Brain Cu Toxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Hsien W; Liu, Tianbing; Verdile, Giuseppe; Bishop, Glenda; Haasl, Ryan J; Smith, Mark A; Perry, George; Martins, Ralph N; Atwood, Craig S

    2008-01-01

    The basic mechanism(s) by which altered Cu homeostasis is toxic to hepatocytes and neurons, the two major cell types affected in copper storage diseases such as Wilson's disease (WD), remain unclear. Using human M17 neuroblastoma cells as a model to examine Cu toxicity, we found that there was a time- and concentration-dependent induction of neuronal death, such that at 24 h there was a approximately 50 % reduction in viability with 25 muM Cu-glycine(2). Cu-glycine(2) (25:50 muM) treatment for 24 h significantly altered the expression of 296 genes, including 8 genes involved with apoptosis (BCL2-associated athanogene 3, BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19kDa interacting protein caspase 5, regulator of Fas-induced apoptosis, V-jun sarcoma virus 17 oncogene homolog, claudin 5, prostaglandin E receptor 3 and protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 6). Surprisingly, changes in the expression of more 'traditional' apoptotic genes (Bcl-2, Bax, Bak and Bad) did not vary more than 20 %. To test whether the induction of apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells was via post-translational mechanisms, we measured the protein expression of these apoptotic markers in M17 neuroblastoma cells treated with Cu-glycine(2) (0-100 muM) for 24-48 h. Compared with glycine treated cells, Cu-glycine(2) reduced Bcl-2 expression by 50 %, but increased Bax and Bak expression by 130% and 400 %, respectively. To assess whether Cu also induced apoptotic cell death in a mouse model of WD, we measured the expression of these apoptotic markers in the liver and brain of mice expressing an ATP7b gene mutation (tx(J) mice) at 10 months of age (near the end of their lives when overt liver pathology is displayed). Changes in the liver expression of these apoptotic markers in tx(J) mice compared to background mice mirrored those of Cu treated neuroblastoma cells. In contrast, few changes in apoptotic protein expression were detected in the brain between tx(J) and background mice, indicating the tx(J) mouse is a good

  4. Prognostic Significance of Apoptosis Related Gene Family bcl-2 in Human Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    To study the prognostic effect of bcl-2 oncogene and its gene family members bax, bcl-x expression in breast cancer patients. Methods: expression of bcl-2, bax proteins in 91 human breast cancer tissue sections were studied by immunohistochemical method. Bcl-x1 mRNA expression in frozen tissues from 16 breast cancer patients were detected using Northern blot method. Results: bcl-2 protein positivity was found in 60/91 (65.9%) patients, and bax positivity 59/91 (64.8%). Bcl-2 and bax expression levels were associated with apoptotic index(AI), histological grade, axillary lymph node metastasis, postoperative local recurrence and metastasis. Bcl-2 expression was related to ER positivity. In univariate analysis for disease free survival (DFS), bcl-2 and bax protein levels, and Al were all found to have prognostic value. The result of Cox's model multivariate analysis showed that bcl-2 protein level was an independent prognostic factor. In 16 frozen breast cancer tissues, 8/16(50%) had higher level of bcl-x1 mRNA, which showed correlation with bcl-2 protein expression and axillary lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: The findings indicate that dysregulated expressions of bcl-2, bax and bcl-x1 apoptosis-related genes, suggestive of serious deregulation of apoptotic process, may contribute to the biologic aggressiveness of breast cancer. Bcl-2 protein is an independent indicator of prognosis in breast cancer patients.

  5. In situ expression of Bcl-2 in pulmonary artery endothelial cells associates with pulmonary arterial hypertension relative to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benza, Raymond L.; Williams, Gretchen; Wu, Changgong; Shields, Kelly J.; Raina, Amresh; Murali, Srinivas

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We have previously reported that pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) can be harvested from the tips of discarded Swan-Ganz catheters after right heart catheterization (RHC). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the existence of an antiapoptotic phenotype in PAECs obtained during RHC is a distinctive feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; World Health Organization group 1) and might be used to differentiate PAH from other etiologies of pulmonary hypertension. Specifically, we developed a flow cytometry-based measure of Bcl-2 activity, referred to as the normalized endothelial Bcl-2 index (NEBI). We report that higher NEBI values are associated with PAH to the exclusion of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and that this simple diagnostic measurement is capable of differentiating PAH from HFpEF without presenting addition risk to the patient. If validated in a larger, multicenter study, the NEBI has the potential to assist physicians in the selection of appropriate therapeutic interventions in the common and dangerous scenario wherein patients present a clinical and hemodynamic phenotype that makes it difficult to confidently differentiate between PAH and HFpEF. PMID:28090298

  6. Involvement of p38 MAPK- and JNK-modulated expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in Naja nigricollis CMS-9-induced apoptosis of human leukemia K562 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Jung; Liu, Wen-Hsin; Kao, Pei-Hsiu; Wang, Jeh-Jeng; Chang, Long-Sen

    2010-06-15

    CMS-9, a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) isolated from Naja nigricollis venom, induced apoptosis of human leukemia K562 cells, characterized by mitochondrial depolarization, modulation of Bcl-2 family members, cytochrome c release and activation of caspases 9 and 3. Moreover, an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was noted. Pretreatment with BAPTA-AM (Ca2+ chelator) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC, ROS scavenger) proved that Ca2+ was an upstream event in inducing ROS generation. Upon exposure to CMS-9, activation of p38 MAPK and JNK was observed in K562 cells. BAPTA-AM or NAC abrogated CMS-9-elicited p38 MAPK and JNK activation, and rescued viability of CMS-9-treated K562 cells. SB202190 (p38 MAPK inhibitor) and SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) suppressed CMS-9-induced dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential, Bcl-2 down-regulation, Bax up-regulation and increased mitochondrial translocation of Bax. Inactivation of PLA(2) activity reduced drastically the cytotoxicity of CMS-9, and a combination of lysophosphatidylcholine and stearic acid mimicked the cytotoxic effects of CMS-9. Taken together, our data suggest that CMS-9-induced apoptosis of K562 cells is catalytic activity-dependent and is mediated through mitochondria-mediated death pathway triggered by Ca2+/ROS-evoked p38 MAPK and JNK activation.

  7. Folic acid prevents Bcl-2 hypomethylation in rats with hyperhomocysteinemia%叶酸拮抗高同型半胱氨酸血症大鼠Bcl-2基因低甲基化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛广志; 贾绍斌; 罗彩琴; 王义勇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of folic acid on Bcl-2 gene methylation status in rats with hyperhomocystinemia induced by ingestion of excess methionine. Methods 36 healthy 6-week-old wistar male rats, weighing(160 ± 10) g, after being fed adaptable for one week,were randomly divided into control group(n = 12) , hyperhomocysteinemia group (n = 12) , folic acid treatment group ( n = 12). The control group was fed with AIN-93G diet. The hyperhomocysteinemia group was fed with high-methionion diet, consisting of AIN-93G diet plus 1.7% methionion. The folic acid treatment group was fed with high-methionion plus folic acid-rich diet, consisting of AIN-93G diet plus 1.7% methionion and 0. 008% folic acid. After be maintained for 18 weekson the previously described diets, the concentrations in the plasma Hcy and folic acid and Vit B12 were measured with the IMX assays. The thoracic aorta was harvested for immunohist℃ hemical analysis. The methylation status of Bcl-2 gene was determined by nest touch-down PCR combined MSP( methylation specific PCR). Real-time RT PCR was used to detect mRNA expression of arotic Bcl-2. Results The study showed the following; (a) A high methionine diet for 18 weeks is sufficient to induce hyperhomt ystinemia; Folic acid supplementation to the rats fed the high-methionine diet prevented an elevation homocysteine (Hey) levels in the plasma ( P < 0. 01). (b) Compared with the control group, the Hhcy group had a elevating Bcl-2 expression by immunohistochemical analysis in aorta, along with Bcl-2 hypomethylation ( P < 0. 05 ) and increased Bcl-2 mRNA expression ( P < 0. 05 ). (c) Most important, after folic acid supplementation, the lowering of Hey levels was accompanied by a marked decreased Bcl-2 expression by immunohistochemical analysis and Bcl-2 hypermethylation ( P < 0. 05 ) and reduced Bcl-2 mRNA expression ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions Folic acid supplementation can prevents Bcl-2 hypomethylation in rats with hyperhomocysteinemia

  8. C-MYC and BCL2 translocation frequency in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas: A study of 97 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahar Akkaya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma with marked biologic heterogeneity. MYC and BCL2 rearrangements have been reported in a proportion of DLBCLs, where they may be associated with an adverse clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of MYC and BCL2 translocations in DLBCL and assess the prognostic impact in DLBCL patients. Materials and Methods:   In the present study, we evaluated the expression patterns of CD 10, BCL6, and MUM 1 by immunohistochemistry in 121 cases with DLBCL in tissue microarray (TMA: 62 cases in germinal center B-cells (GCBs; and 59 cases in activated B-cells (ABCs of which 60 were females and 61 were males. MYC and BCL2 rearrangements were investigated by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization on TMAs in 97 DLBCLs. Result: MYC rearrangements were observed in 11 of 97 cases. There was no association with other clinical features, including age, sex, and nodal/extranodal disease. MYC rearrangement was associated with significantly worse overall survival (P < 0.01. BCL2 rearrangements were observed in 14 of 97 cases. There was no association with other clinical features including age and sex. BCL2 rearrangement had a worse outcome (P < 0.01. MYC and BCL2 rearrangements were observed in 3 of 97 cases with the age of  53 (female, 53, 63 years old, respectively, died in 24, 18, and 35 months after the diagnosis. Two cases had primary nodal and one case primary extranodal presentations. All these patients had stage IV disease. Conclusion: We concluded that C-MYC and BCL2 may contribute to aggressive transformation, and more mechanism-based therapy should be explored. Targeted therapies involving these rearrangements and its associated pathways may change the fate of DLBCLs. Analysis of MYC gene rearrangement along with BCL2 is critical in the identification of high-risk patients with poor prognosis.

  9. 细胞凋亡调控蛋白bcl-2和bax在涎腺肿瘤中的表达及意义%Expression and significance of apoptosis regulatory protein bcl-2 and bax in tumor of salivary gland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐红; 袁红民; 安文生; 杨荔琳

    2002-01-01

    目的:探讨bcl-2和bax基因蛋白在涎腺肿瘤(Salivary tumer,ST)中表达及意义.方法:SABC法观察87例ST及12例正常涎腺组织(Natural salivary tissue,NST)中bcl-2及bax表达.结果:bcl-2及bax蛋白在ST中表达明显高于NST;bcl-2在涎腺恶性肿瘤(Salivary malignacy,SM)中表达明显高于良性肿瘤;SM中bcl-2表达与其恶性程度及临床分期显著相关;bax蛋白表达与SM临床病理指标均无相关性.结论:bcl-2蛋白表达有助于SM恶性程度判断;可作为判断SM生物特性、临床分期的重要指标;bax/bcl-2比率变化参与了ST发生及发展过程.

  10. Bax and Bcl-2 are focally overexpressed in the normal epithelium of cancerous prostates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolonen, Teemu T; Tommola, Satu; Jokinen, Samuli; Parviainen, Tiina; Martikainen, Paula M

    2007-01-01

    Development of prostate cancer is connected with a disturbance of apoptosis. Prostate cancer is multifocal, suggesting that the control of apoptosis is impaired at multiple foci. We wanted to know whether apoptosis is generally disturbed in cancerous prostates and if changes in apoptotic control could be detected even in the absence of any morphologically visible changes. Therefore, we compared expression of two common apoptotic markers, Bax and Bcl-2, in normal epithelium of cancerous prostates and controls. We also evaluated the expression of these proteins in hyperplasia, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), carcinomas of different Gleason grades and capsular perineural invasion. The tissue material was obtained from radical prostatectomies, transurethral resection chips and autopsies. Individual tissue arrays were done for each patient. The intensity of Bax and Bcl-2 immunostaining was estimated semiquantitatively. The data were analyzed using a linear mixed-models analysis as well as dichotomized staining indices. Normal epithelium of cancerous prostates contained foci with high expression of Bax and Bcl-2. The expression of Bax in Gleason grades 3-5 carcinoma was significantly higher than that in Gleason grade 2, and was highest in foci with perineural invasion. The expression of Bcl-2 was strongest in PIN foci. Expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in normal epithelium of cancerous prostates suggests that increases in these indirect markers may reflect altered apoptotic control in these foci. Further studies are needed to show whether these changes represent the earliest step of the multifocal carcinogenetic process. Control of apoptosis seems to be involved and modulated during local progression of prostate cancer.

  11. The influence of sleep deprivation on expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins p53, bcl-2 and bax following rat tongue carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Noguti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether paradoxical sleep deprivation could affects the mechanisms and pathways essentials for cancer cells in tongue cancer induced by 4-nitroquinole 1-oxide in Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, the animals were distributed into 4 groups of 5 animals each treated with 50 ppm 4 nitroquinoline 1 oxide (4 NQO solution through their drinking water for 4 and 12 weeks. The animals were submitted to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD for 72 h using the modified multiple platform method, which consisted of placing 5 mice in a cage (41 × 34 × 16 cm containing 10 circular platforms (3.5 cm in diameter with water 1 cm below the upper surface. The investigations were conducted using immunohistochemistry of p53, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins related to apoptosis and its pathways. Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test followed by the Dunn′s test using SPSS software pack (version 1.0. P value < 0.05 was considered for statistic significance. Results: Although no histopathological abnormalities were induced in the epithelium after 4 weeks of carcinogen exposure in all groups, in 12 weeks were observed pre-neoplasic lesions. Data analysis revealed statistically significant differences ( P < 0.05 in 4 weeks group for p53 and for bcl-2 and for all immunomarkers after 12 weeks of 4NQO administration. Conclusion: Our results reveal that sleep deprivation exerted alterations in proteins associated with proliferation and apoptosis in carcinogenesis.

  12. Darbepoetin alpha, a long-acting erythropoeitin derivate, does not alter LPS evoked myocardial depression and gene expression of Bax, Bcl-Xs, Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, and TNF-alpha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brendt, Peter; Frey, Ulrich; Adamzik, Michael; Schäfer, Simon T; Peters, Jürgen

    2009-01-01

    Darbepoetin alpha (DA), a long-acting erythropoietin derivative stimulating erythropoiesis, can, by antiapoptotic effects, mitigate myocardial I/R injury. We tested the hypothesis that DA treatment improves left ventricular function (LV) in LPS evoked cardiomyopathy and alters gene expression of apoptosis-regulating proteins (Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bax, and Bcl-Xs) and TNF-alpha. In a prospective, controlled, randomized study in Lewis rats (n = 56; 8 groups), myocardial depression was evoked by LPS administration (serotype O127:B8; 10 mg/kg, i.p.). Darbepoetin alpha or vehicle was injected either 24 h before (pretreatment) or 2 h after LPS injection (treatment). Hearts were isolated 8 h after LPS injection, perfused (Krebs-Henseleit solution) in a Langendorff apparatus, and LV developed pressure and its derivatives were measured. For gene expression analysis, real-time polymerase chain reaction of LV specimen was performed. LPS decreased LV developed pressure (-64.6 +/- 7.9 mmHg) and its derivates by more than 60% in comparison to vehicle (P Xs, Bax, and TNF-alpha, but this was not altered by DA pretreatment. Furthermore, there was no effect on Bcl-Xl and Bcl-2 expression by DA alone. Whereas proapoptotic genes of the myocardium are up-regulated in LPS-induced cardiomyopathy, neither DA pretreatment nor treatment has significant effects on LV function or gene expression. This may suggest cardiac resistance to darbepoetin in LPS-mediated sepsis.

  13. Effect of expression of PRb, Bcl-2 and P73 on P16 overexpression in cervical cancer%宫颈癌中PRb、Bcl-2、P73的表达对P16过表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞天云; 郑晓娟; 邓飞; 邹琳; 李飞虹; 胡新荣

    2009-01-01

    目的 P16在官颈癌中表达升高且很少发生突变.本文的研究旨在探讨P16在官颈癌中的高表达是否受PRb、Bcl-2,P73表达的影响.方法 对61例宫颈癌进行P16,PRb,Bcl-2、P73的免疫组化染色,观察P16表达与PRb的阳性率及作为PRb结合E2f功能指示器的Bcl-2和P73的阳性率的关系.结果 P16高表达者在PRb、Bcl-2或P73阳性表达病例中分别占63.7%、61.0%、68.0%,而在PRb、Bcl-2或P73阴性病例中分别占43.6%、30.8%、38.9%;P16低表达者在PRb,Bcl-2或P73阳性表达病例中分别占36.3%,39.0%,32.0%,而在PRb,Bcl-2或P73阴性病例中分别占56.4%,70.2%、61.1%.经X2检验分析,P16过表达与PRb含量关系不密切,但与Bcl-2和P73阳性率趋势一致.结论 官颈癌中P16表达升高不受PRb阳性率影响,而可能是由于PRb结合E2f功能减低所致.

  14. Effect of Buspirone, Fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT on Striatal Expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 Proteins in 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Hemi-Parkinsonian Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifi, Hamdollah; Mohajjel Nayebi, Alireza; Farajnia, Safar; Haddadi, Rasool

    2015-11-01

    The exact pathogenesis of sporadic parkinson's disease (PD) is still unclear. Numerous evidences suggest involvement of apoptosis in the death of dopaminergic neurons. In this study we investigated the effect of sub-chronic administration of buspirone, fluoxetine and 8-hydroxy-2-[di-n-propylamino]tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats and assayed striatal concentrations of apoptotic (Bax, Caspase3) and anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2) proteins. 6-OHDA (8μg/2μl/rat) was injected unilaterally into the central region of the substantia nigra pars copmacta (SNc) of male Wistar rats and then, after 21 days lesioned rats were treated with intraperitonel (i.p) 1 mg/kg injections of buspirone, fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT for 10 consecutive days. Striatum of rats was removed at tenth day of drugs administration and were analyzed by western blotting method to measure Bax, caspase3 and Bcl-2 expression. The results showed that the expression of Bax and caspase3 proteins was increased three weeks after 6-OHDA injection while they were decreased significantly in parkinsonian rats which were treated by buspirone, fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT. Bcl-2 was decreased and increased in parkinsonian rats and parkinsonian rats treated with buspirone, fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT, respectively. Our study indicates that sub-chronic administration of serotonergic drugs such as buspirone, fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT restores striatal concentration of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic factors to the basal levels of normal non-lesioned rats. We suggest that these drugs can be used as a potential adjunctive therapy in PD through attenuating neuronal apoptotic process.

  15. 自噬相关因子 LC3、Bnip-3和凋亡相关因子Bcl-2、Bax在实验性糖尿病大鼠脑组织中的表达%Expression of autophagy related factors LC3 and Bnip-3 and apoptosis related factors Bcl-2 and Bax in brain tissue of experimental diabetic rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高帆; 胡瑾; 张晓丽; 焦宏

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨自噬相关因子LC3、Bnip-3及凋亡相关因子Bcl-2、Bax在实验性糖尿病大鼠脑组织损伤中的作用。方法30只SD大鼠随机分为糖尿病组和对照组。糖尿病组一次性腹腔注射1%链脲佐菌素(60 mg/kg体质量),对照组一次性腹腔注射柠檬酸缓冲液,饲养12周后活杀大鼠,留取脑组织标本。经HE染色观察其病理学改变,采用免疫组化S-P法检测大鼠脑组织中LC3、Bnip-3、Bcl-2及Bax的表达。结果与对照组大鼠相比,糖尿病大鼠脑组织病理学显示细胞排列紊乱,分布不均,胞体缩小,胞质淡红色,正常形态神经细胞数减少;LC3、Bnip-3及Bax阳性数较对照组明显升高,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05);Bcl-2阳性数较对照组明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);LC3与Bnip-3呈弱正相关(P<0.05),与Bcl-2及Bax不相关;Bnip-3与Bax呈正弱相关(P<0.05),与Bcl-2无相关;Bcl-2与Bax无相关。结论糖尿病大鼠脑组织中LC3、Bnip-3及Bax存在过度表达,Bcl-2呈弱表达,表明自噬因子与凋亡因子参与了糖尿病大鼠脑组织损伤的过程,可能是脑组织损伤的机制之一。%Objective To evaluate the effect of autophagy-related factors LC3 and Bnip-3 and apoptosis related factors Bcl-2 and Bax on brain damage in experimental diabetic rats .Methods Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into diabetic group and control group .The diabetic group was injected with 1% streptozotocin ( 60 mg/kg body mass ) and the control group with citrate buffer .The rats were sacrificed after 12 weeks feeding and brain tissues were obtained .Pathological chan-ges were observed and the expression of LC 3, Bnip-3, Bcl-2 and Bax in brain tissues of the rats was detected by immuno-histochemical SP method .Results Compared with the control group ,the diabetic rat brain pathology showed that the cell arrangment was more disorderly and distributed

  16. Detection of apoptotic cells and immunohistochemical study of bcl-2 and p53 gene protein in primary gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To identify the apoptotic cells in gastric MALT lymphoma and its relationship between bcl-2 and p53 gene expression. Methods: TdT-mediated dUTP biotin Nick End labeling (TUNEL) and immuno-histochemistry ABC method were used to display apoptotic cells and the gene protein expression of bcl-2 and p53 independently. Results: Apoptotic indices (AI) in high-grade MALT lymphomas were significantly higher than in mixed-grade group and low-grade group (P<0.05). Bcl-2 was expressed in 83% of low-grade tumors, 61.6% of the median-grade tumors and 43.7% of high-grade tumors. An inverse correlation was observed between the expression of bcl-2 and apoptotic indices. Only 27 cases were p53 positive. The frequency of p53 positivity was significantly increased as the histologic grade advanced (P<0.05). There was also an inverse correlation between the expression of bcl-2 and p53. Conclusion: Apoptosis may be important in tumors development and transmission. P53 and bcl-2 were important regulatory genes of apoptosis and may be associated with transformation from low-grade to high-grade lymphomas.

  17. Relationship of Ki67, TP53, MDM-2 and BCL-2 expressions with WHO 1973 and WHO/ISUP grades, tumor category and overall patient survival in urothelial tumors of the bladder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gönül, Ipek Işik; Akyürek, Nalan; Dursun, Ayşe; Küpeli, Bora

    2008-01-01

    Using the 1998 World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology (WHO/ISUP) (2004 WHO), 1999 WHO/ISUP, and 1973 WHO classifications, we examined Ki67, BCL-2, TP53, and MDM-2 expressions in invasive and noninvasive urothelial neoplasias of the bladder of 72 patients, and compared the results regarding tumor category and grade with clinical outcome to determine the clinicopathological relevance of these classifications. Ki67 and TP53 expressions were correlated with tumor grades of the 1973 WHO classification, and they also distinguished "papillary urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential" from other WHO/ISUP grades (p ISUP grades (p > 0.05). Neither tumor grade nor tumor category correlated with MDM-2 or BCL-2 expressions (p > 0.05). WHO/ISUP classifications are obviously not superior to the 1973 WHO classification for grading urothelial neoplasia of the bladder. However, if the "papillary urothelial neoplasm with low malignant potential" is distinguished from grade 1 tumors of the 1973 WHO classification, more precise prognostic information may be obtained.

  18. 非小细胞肺癌中pokemon表达与p 14ARF、bcl-2的相关性及对预后的影响%Correlation of the expression of pokemon with p14ARF and bcl-2 and their effects on prognosis of non small cell lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵智宏; 王胜发; 丛德刚; 禹亮; 王巨

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨非小细胞肺癌(non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC)组织中pokemon表达和p 14ARF、bcl-2表达的关系及其对NSCLC临床病理特征和预后的判定价值.方法:应用SP免疫组织化学方法检测pokemon和p 14ARF、bcl-2三种蛋白在62例NSCLC肿瘤组织及20例癌旁正常组织中的表达,分析它们与NSCLC病理学特征的关系,以及pokemon与p 14ARF、bcl-2的相关性,并结合随访资料观察上述蛋白表达对NSCLC长期预后的影响.结果:正常肺组织中未见pokemon蛋白表达,p 14ARF和bcl-2蛋白阳性表达率分别为95.0%和15.0%;在NSCLC组织中pokemon、p14ARF和bcl-2阳性表达率分别为72.6%、66.1%和53.2%.Pokemon表达与p 14ARF表达呈负相关(r =-0.287,P<0.05),与bcl-2表达呈正相关(r =0.293,P<0.05).Pokemon和p 14ARF的表达与TNM分期相关(P<0.05),bcl-2表达与病理分型相关(P<0.05).Pokemon与bcl-2表达阳性组的5年生存率分别为10.95%和13.74%,显著低于阴性组(P<0.05);p 14ARF表达阳性组的5年生存率为21.68%,显著高于阴性组(P<0.05). 结论:NSCLC组织中存在pokemon和p 14ARF、bcl-2的表达,pokemon表达与p 14ARF表达呈负相关、与bcl-2表达呈正相关,它们对NSCLC的预后评估有一定的临床意义.

  19. EFFECT OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION ON GENE EXPRESSIONS OF Bcl-2 FAMILY MEMBERS IN GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA AND TISSUE ADJACENT TO THE TUMOR%幽门螺杆菌对胃癌及癌旁组织中Bcl-2家族基因表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张浩; 房殿春; 刘海峰; 罗元辉

    2003-01-01

    目的研究幽门螺杆菌(H.pylori)感染对胃癌及癌旁组织中Bcl-2家族基因表达的影响.方法收集95例胃癌及癌旁组织标本,应用半定量RT-PCR法检测Bid、Bax和Bcl-2 mRNA的表达.结果胃癌组织中Bid和Bax mRNA表达按H.pylori阴性组、CagA- H.pylori感染组和CagA+ H.pylori感染组顺序依次增高(P<0.05),H.pylori阴性组的Bcl-2 mRNA表达低于H.pylori阳性组(P<0.05);癌旁组织中,Bid、Bax和Bcl-2表达按H.pylori阴性组、CagA- H.pylori感染组和CagA+ H.pylori感染组顺序均依次递增(P<0.05).H.pylori阴性组中,胃癌组织的Bid和Bax表达与Bcl-2表达呈负相关(P<0.05),而在H.pylori感染组中,胃癌组织的Bid和Bax表达与Bcl-2表达无相关性;癌旁组织的Bid和Bax表达与Bcl-2表达呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 H.pylori有促进Bid、Bax和Bcl-2表达的作用,并且能够诱发这些细胞凋亡调控基因的表达紊乱,这也许是H.pylori诱导胃癌发生的途径之一.

  20. Relationship between expression of the apoptosic genes Bcl-2 and Fas of thymus and clinic in patients with myasthenia gravis%重症肌无力患者胸腺凋亡基因Bcl-2和Fas的表达水平与临床的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏雪飞; 许贤豪; 胡文立

    2006-01-01

    目的 研究重症肌无力(MG)患者胸腺凋亡基因Bcl-2和Fas的表达水平与临床的相关性.方法 应用流式细胞仪测定43例MG和11例心脏病(对照组)患者胸腺单个核细胞Bcl-2、Fas的表达水平,并与有关临床因素进行相关性分析.结果 MG胸腺增生组Bcl-2阳性细胞数显著高于对照组(P<0.01),MG胸腺瘤组Bcl-2阳性细胞数与对照组比较差异无显著性(P>0.05).MG组与对照组Fas阳性细胞数比较差异无显著性(P>0.05).胸腺Bcl-2与Fas阳性细胞数之间,以及与伴或不伴胸腺异常(增生或胸腺瘤)患者的血清乙酰胆碱受体抗体(AchRAb)滴度、疾病分型、年龄和性别均无相关性.结论 胸腺增生MG患者胸腺凋亡基因Bcl-2表达异常增高,胸腺Bcl-2和Fas的表达之间及与临床有关因素之间无相关性.

  1. Targeted delivery of Bcl-2 conversion gene by MPEG-PCL-PEI-FA cationic copolymer to combat therapeutic resistant cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zibiao; Liu, Xuan; Chen, Xiaohong; Chua, Ming Xuan; Wu, Yun-Long

    2017-07-01

    Deregulation of anti-apoptosis Bcl-2 protein expression was a key feature in human cancers with therapeutic resistance. Nuclear receptor Nur77 could induce the conformation change of Bcl-2 protein and converted it into an apoptosis inducer by "enemy to friend" strategy. However, the safe and effective delivery of this gene to combat therapeutic resistant cancer remained largely unexplored. In this report, we designed an amphiphilic cationic MPEG-PCL-PEI-FA copolymer, comprising biocompatible and hydrophilic methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG), biodegradable and hydrophobic poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), cationic poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) segments, and folic acid (FA) as targeting group, as a high efficient Nur77 gene carrier to folate receptor (FR) highly expressed and therapeutic resistant HeLa/Bcl-2 cancer cells. Interestingly, due to the incorporation of PCL and PEG segments, this MPEG-PCL-PEI-FA copolymer showed less toxicity but better gene transfection efficiency than non-viral gene carrier gold standard PEI (25kDa). This might be due to the formation of micelles to stabilize polyplex for enhanced gene transfection ability. More importantly, MPEG-PCL-PEI-FA copolymer exhibited excellent growth inhibition ability on therapeutic resistant HeLa/Bcl-2 cancer cells, which was FR overexpressed HeLa cervical cancer cells with high expression of Bcl-2 protein, thanks to its FA induced targeting ability, high gene transfection efficiency, and low cytotoxicity. This work signifies the first time that cationic amphiphilic MPEG-PCL-PEI-FA copolymers could be utilized for the gene delivery to therapeutic resistant cancer cells with high expression of anti-apoptosis Bcl-2 protein and the positive results are encouraging for the further design of polymeric platforms for combating drug resistant tumors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. 小牛血去蛋白提取物对急性放射性肠炎大鼠小肠黏膜的修复作用及凋亡相关基因的影响%Effect of actovegin on intestinal mucosa and expression of bcl-2/bax genes in rats with acute radiation enteritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴文; 林晓燕; 毕迎惠; 韩俊庆

    2009-01-01

    treated with low,middle and high dose of actovegin,respectively.After the model was established,actovegin injection was given intraperitoneally for successive 4 days.Coresponding intestinal tissues were taken for morphological examination with an image analysis system.The expression of apoptosis related bax and bcl-2 protein in the intestinal mucosal epithelial cells was determined by immunohistochemistry.Results The groups 4 and 5 had significantly higher height of intestinal villi,the depth of crypt,the thickness of the mucosa and entire wall ( 254.66/261.71 μm,166.47/165.41μm,510.44/511.71 μm,610.38/608.98μm),compared with those of the model control group (239.12 μm,151.45 μm,420.27 μm and 579.32 μm),respectively (P<0.05).Treatment with middle and high doses of actovegin also significantly down-regulated the expression of activating apoptosis protein bax (24.54/23.24) compared with that of model control group (59.32)(P<0.05) and upregulated the expression of inhibiting apoptosis protein bcl-2 (55.54/52.21) compared with that of model control group (20.32)(P<0.05).The ratio of bcl-2/bax was significantly higher in the groups 4 and 5 (2.2632,2.1275) compared with that in the model control group (0.3425) (P<0.01) .Conclusion Actovegin accelerates the recovery of the acute radiation-injured intestinal mucosal epithelium by decreasing apoptosis via down-regnlation of the expression of activating apoptosis protein bax and up-regulation of inhibiting apoptosis protein bcl-2.

  3. Study on expression of p53、 bcl-2、 bax and PCNA in retinoblastoma%视网膜母细胞瘤p53、bcl-2、bax及增殖细胞核抗原的表达意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳; 雷霍; 杨慧

    2002-01-01

    目的了解视网膜母细胞瘤(retinoblastoma,Rb)p53、bcl-2、bax和增殖细胞核抗原表达与Rb及其分化程度的关系.方法用免疫组化检测21例Rb和6例正常视网膜常规石蜡标本进行p53、bcl-2、bax和PCNA表达.结果bc1-2、bax和PCNA在Rb中的表达较高,与正常视网膜相比有显著性差异,分化性Rb组织bcl-2阳性表达率较高,与未分化型Rb组织相比有显著性差异.p53、bcl-2、bax在Rb中的表达与PCNA的表达有显著相关性.结论 Rb的发生与多个细胞凋亡调控基因异常有关,测定和分析Rb的bcl-2、PCNA、bax和表达,对于Rb的诊断和分化程度有重要意义.

  4. Caspase Induction and BCL2 Inhibition in Human Adipose Tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinahones, Francisco José; Coín Aragüez, Leticia; Murri, Mora; Oliva Olivera, Wilfredo; Mayas Torres, María Dolores; Barbarroja, Nuria; Gomez Huelgas, Ricardo; Malagón, Maria M.; El Bekay, Rajaa

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Cell death determines the onset of obesity and associated insulin resistance. Here, we analyze the relationship among obesity, adipose tissue apoptosis, and insulin signaling. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The expression levels of initiator (CASP8/9) and effector (CASP3/7) caspases as well as antiapoptotic B-cell lymphoma (BCL)2 and inflammatory markers were assessed in visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue from patients with different degrees of obesity and without insulin resistance or diabetes. Adipose tissue explants from lean subjects were cultured with TNF-α or IL-6, and the expression of apoptotic and insulin signaling components was analyzed and compared with basal expression levels in morbidly obese subjects. RESULTS SAT and VAT exhibited increased CASP3/7 and CASP8/9 expression levels and decreased BCL2 expression with BMI increase. These changes were accompanied by increased inflammatory cytokine mRNA levels and macrophage infiltration markers. In obese subjects, CASP3/7 activation and BCL2 downregulation correlated with the IRS-1/2–expression levels. Expression levels of caspases, BCL2, p21, p53, IRS-1/2, GLUT4, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B, and leukocyte antigen-related phosphatase in TNF-α– or IL-6–treated explants from lean subjects were comparable with those found in adipose tissue samples from morbidly obese subjects. These insulin component expression levels were reverted with CASP3/7 inhibition in these TNF-α– or IL-6–treated explants. CONCLUSIONS Body fat mass increase is associated with CASP3/7 and BCL2 expression in adipose tissue. Moreover, this proapoptotic state correlated with insulin signaling, suggesting its potential contribution to the development of insulin resistance. PMID:23193206

  5. Evaluation of Bcl-2, Bcl-x and Cleaved Caspase-3 in Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors and Neurofibromas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KARIN S. CUNHA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AIMS: To study the expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-x, as well the presence of cleaved caspase-3 in neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x and the presence of cleaved caspase 3 were compared to clinicopathological features of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors and their impact on survival rates were also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation of Bcl-2, Bcl-x and cleaved caspase-3 was performed by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays in 28 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors and 38 neurofibromas. Immunoquantification was performed by computerized digital image analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Apoptosis is altered in neurofibromas and mainly in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. High levels of cleaved caspase-3 are more common in tumors with more aggressive histological features and it is associated with lower disease free survival of patients with malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.

  6. 人胎视网膜发育过程中Fas、Fas-L、bax和bcl-2蛋白的表达%Protein expression of genes related to apoptosis in retina of human fetus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦纯义; 李爱冬; 羊惠君

    2001-01-01

    目的研究人胎视网膜发育过程中细胞凋亡相关基因Fas、Fas-L、bax和bcl-2的蛋白表达。方法收集12~38周(受精龄)胎儿视网膜共50例,石蜡包埋切片,免疫组织化学染色,光镜观察。结果发育第16周和第38周,视网膜节细胞层、内、外核层表达Fas蛋白。第26周,Fas-L阳性染色开始出现于视网膜各层细胞,到第32周,免疫阳性反应主要集中在节细胞层,第38周时,神经纤维层也为阳性反应。bax免疫阳性反应从第12周起出现,第16周,节细胞层和外核层多数细胞核为阳性。第24周,内核层中的细胞为阳性反应,但到第26周时,仅Müller细胞内侧终足为bax免疫阳性染色。第26周以后,视网膜内各种成分都为bax免疫反应阴性。bcl-2免疫阳性反应于第16周时出现在正在分化的神经母细胞层。第24周开始,bcl-2免疫阳性反应集中于节细胞层的神经胶质细胞以及Müller细胞的内侧终足。结论发育中的视网膜的细胞凋亡可能不依赖Fas/Fas-L途径。bax可能参与介导胎儿视网膜细胞凋亡。%Purpose To study the proteins expression of genes related to apoptosis of retinal cells in development of human fetus. Methods Fifty cases of retinas of human fetus aged from 12 to 38 weeks were collected and paraffin embedded sections were made. Immunohistochemical method was used. Results Fas protein was expressed by cells of ganglion cell layer, inner and outer nuclear later, which were just formed on 16th week. It was not expressed until 38th week, Fas(+) staining appeared in layers of retina. Fas-L(+) staining was detected in cells of layers of retina on 26th week and the positive staining located in ganglion cell layer on 32th week. Neuronal fiber layer was Fas-L positive. Bax positive staining was detected on 8th week. Bax positive nucleus were observed mainly in GCL and ONL on 16th week. It was in INL on 24th week

  7. 凋亡相关基因Fas、FasL和bcl-2在膀胱移行细胞癌中的表达%Expression of Apoptosiss Correlative Gene Fas,FasL and bcl-2 in Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Bladder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鸿伟; 陈康宁; 李其云; 那彦群

    2003-01-01

    目的研究凋亡相关基因Fas、FasL和bcl-2,在膀胱移行细胞癌(TCC)中的表达情况,并探讨其临床意义.方法采用S-P免疫组化方法,检测67例TCC及12例正常膀胱组织中Fas、FasL和bcl-2蛋白的表达.结果在TCC和正常膀胱组织中FasL蛋白阳性率分别为56.7%和0,两者有非常显著性差异(P<0.01),而Fas和bcl-2蛋白在TCC和正常膀胱组织中的表达无显著性差异(P>0.05).Fas和bcl-2蛋白表达阳性率在TCC不同病理分级、分期有非常显著性差异(P<0.01).FasL蛋白表达随着TCC分级、分期的增加,呈降低趋势,但无显著性差异(P>0.05).结论Fas/FasL系统异常可能是TCC发生发展过程中免疫逃逸的重要因素;在TCC发生以及在低分化和浸润性TCC中,Fas/FasL基因介导的细胞凋亡可能被bcl-2基因的过度表达所抑制;Fas和bcl-2基因表达可作为监测TCC恶性程度的重要指标.

  8. Acidosis Promotes Bcl-2 Family-mediated Evasion of Apoptosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryder, Christopher; McColl, Karen; Zhong, Fei; Distelhorst, Clark W.

    2012-01-01

    Acidosis arises in solid and lymphoid malignancies secondary to altered nutrient supply and utilization. Tumor acidosis correlates with therapeutic resistance, although the mechanism behind this effect is not fully understood. Here we show that incubation of lymphoma cell lines in acidic conditions (pH 6.5) blocks apoptosis induced by multiple cytotoxic metabolic stresses, including deprivation of glucose or glutamine and treatment with dexamethasone. We sought to examine the role of the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis regulators in this process. Interestingly, we found that acidic culture causes elevation of both Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, while also attenuating glutamine starvation-induced elevation of p53-up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) and Bim. We confirmed with knockdown studies that these shifts direct survival decisions during starvation and acidosis. Importantly, the promotion of a high anti- to pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member ratio by acidosis renders cells exquisitely sensitive to the Bcl-2/Bcl-xL antagonist ABT-737, suggesting that acidosis causes Bcl-2 family dependence. This dependence appears to be mediated, in part, by the acid-sensing G protein-coupled receptor, GPR65, via a MEK/ERK pathway. PMID:22685289

  9. 弥漫大B细胞淋巴瘤中NFκB活化相关基因表达与Bcl2表达的关系%The correlation between the expression of Bcl2 and genes associated with activation of NFκB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文秀; 陈玉梅; 王松; 孟青

    2010-01-01

    目的:探讨DLBCL中Bel2表达与MALT1和CARMA1表达的关系,了解3种分子对DLBCL临床特征和发展过程的影响.方法:收集非特指DLBCL病例42例及其收集临床病理资料,用免疫组化染色检查肿瘤中Bcl2和MALT1蛋白的表达,RTPCR检查CARMA1 mRNA水平,对收集和检查资料进行统计学分析.结果:半数以上病例不同程度表达Bcl2(29/42,69.05%)和MALT1蛋白(28/42,66.67%).全部病例都检测出CARMA1 mRNA表达.Bcl2与MALT1蛋白表达呈明显正相关.Bcl2阳性表达病例的CARMA1 mRNA水平明显高于阴性表达病例.Bcl2和MALT1阳性和阴性表达病例相比较:阳性表达病例的临床分期较晚,但IPI指数没有明显差异.CARMA1 mRNA高表达和低表达水平病例比较:临床分期无明显差异,但高表达水平者具有较高的IPI指数.Bcl2、MALT1和CARMA1的表达与DLBCL患者的发病年龄、性别无明显相关.结论:DLBCL中Bcl2的表达可能部分与肿瘤中MALT1和CARMA1对NFkB的异常活化有关,Bcl2、MALT1和CARMA1表达可能与肿瘤的临床发展和预后有关.

  10. The prognostic implication of the expression of EGFR, p53, cyclin D1, Bcl-2 and p16 in primary locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma cases: a tissue microarray study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Monica Charlotte; Vidyasagar, M S; Fernandes, Donald; Guddattu, Vasudev; Mathew, Mary; Shergill, Ankur Kaur; Carnelio, Sunitha; Chandrashekar, Chetana

    2016-12-01

    Oral squamous cell carcinomas comprise a heterogeneous tumor cell population with varied molecular characteristics, which makes prognostication of these tumors a complex and challenging issue. Thus, molecular profiling of these tumors is advantageous for an accurate prognostication and treatment planning. This is a retrospective study on a cohort of primary locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinomas (n = 178) of an Indian rural population. The expression of EGFR, p53, cyclin D1, Bcl-2 and p16 in a cohort of primary locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinomas was evaluated. A potential biomarker that can predict the tumor response to treatment was identified. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor blocks of (n = 178) of histopathologically diagnosed cases of locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinomas were selected. Tissue microarray blocks were constructed with 2 cores of 2 mm diameter from each tumor block. Four-micron-thick sections were cut from these tissue microarray blocks. These tissue microarray sections were immunohistochemically stained for EGFR, p53, Bcl-2, cyclin D1 and p16. In this cohort, EGFR was the most frequently expressed 150/178 (84%) biomarker of the cases. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significant association (p = 0.038) between expression of p53 and a poor prognosis. A Poisson regression analysis showed that tumors that expressed p53 had a two times greater chance of recurrence (unadjusted IRR-95% CI 2.08 (1.03, 4.5), adjusted IRR-2.29 (1.08, 4.8) compared with the tumors that did not express this biomarker. Molecular profiling of oral squamous cell carcinomas will enable us to categorize our patients into more realistic risk groups. With biologically guided tumor characterization, personalized treatment protocols can be designed for individual patients, which will improve the quality of life of these patients.

  11. Transformation of Follicular Lymphoma to a High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC and BCL2 Translocations and Overlapping Features of Burkitt Lymphoma and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina M Bischin

    2017-02-01

    abdominal pain in the absence of B symptoms. Positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18] fluoro- d -glucose integrated with CT (18F-FDG PET/CT scan showed widespread adenopathy, diffuse splenic involvement, and substantial marrow involvement. Biopsy of a 2.4-cm right axillary node (SUVmax of 16.1 showed involvement by grade 3A FL with a predominant nodular pattern of growth. A bone marrow biopsy once again showed only a small focus of FL. She received idelalisib (150 mg twice daily and rituximab (375 mg/m 2 , monthly beginning May 2015. After 4 cycles, a repeat CT scan showed a complete radiographic response. Idelalisib was subsequently held while she received corticosteroids for immune-mediated colitis. A month later, she restarted idelalisib with a 50% dose reduction. After 2 weeks, she returned to clinic complaining of bilateral hip and low lumbar discomfort but no B symptoms. A restaging 18F-FDG PET/CT in January 2016 showed dramatic marrow uptake. A bone marrow aspirate showed sheets of tumor cells representing a spectrum from intermediate-sized cells with lymphoblastic features to very large atypical cells with multiple nucleoli. Two distinct histologies were present; one remained consistent with the patient’s known FL with a predominant nodular pattern and the other consistent with HT (the large atypical cells expressed PAX5, CD10, BCL2, and c-MYC and were negative for CD20, MPO, CD34, CD30, and BCL6. Focal areas showed faint, heterogeneous expression of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase best seen on the clot section. Ki67 proliferation index was high (4+/4. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed 2 populations with MYC amplification and/or rearrangement and no evidence of BCL6 rearrangement; a karyotype analysis showed a complex abnormal female karyotype with t(14;18 and multiple structural and numerical abnormalities. She started dose-adjusted rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin with

  12. The Role of Bcl-2 Family Proteins in Therapy Responses of Malignant Astrocytic Gliomas: Bcl2L12 and Beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fotini M. Kouri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Glioblastoma (GBM is a highly aggressive and lethal brain cancer with a median survival of less than two years after diagnosis. Hallmarks of GBM tumors include soaring proliferative indices, high levels of angiogenesis, diffuse invasion into normal brain parenchyma, resistance toward therapy-induced apoptosis, and pseudopallisading necrosis. Despite the recent advances in neurosurgery, radiation therapy, and the development of targeted chemotherapeutic regimes, GBM remains one of the deadliest types of cancer. Particularly, the alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ in combination with radiation therapy prolonged patient survival only marginally, and clinical studies assessing efficacies of targeted therapies, foremost ATP mimetics inhibiting the activity of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs, revealed only few initial responders; tumor recurrence is nearly universal, and salvage therapies to combat such progression remain ineffective. Consequently, myriad preclinical and clinical studies began to define the molecular mechanisms underlying therapy resistance of GBM tumors, and pointed to the Bcl-2 protein family, in particular the atypical member Bcl2-Like 12 (Bcl2L12, as important regulators of therapy-induced cell death. This review will discuss the multi-faceted modi operandi of Bcl-2 family proteins, describe their roles in therapy resistance of malignant glioma, and outline current and future drug development efforts to therapeutically target Bcl-2 proteins.

  13. Down-Regulation of Bcl-2 Protein Sensitizes NCI 460 Cells to Radiotherapy-Induced Apoptosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongmei He; Yuan Zhang; Gexiu Liu

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To determine whether Bcl-2 protein down-regulation can render NCI-460 cells more susceptible to gamma radiation-induced apoptosis by treatment with antisense oligonucleotide (ASODN) against the coding region of Bcl-2 mRNA.METHODS Cell survival was determined using the trypan blue dye exclusion. Expression of the Bcl-2 protein was assayed using immunofluorescence labeling with fluoresce isothiocyanate. Apoptosis was determined by Giemsa staining and flow cytomertry.RESULTS It was found that Bcl-2 ASODN combined with radiation significantly reduced the number of viable cells (P<0.05). There was no difference in cell survival between a nonsense oligodeoxynucleotide/radiation combination and cells treated with radiation alone. Bcl-2 ASODN combined with radiation significantly inhibited expression of the Bcl-2protein in the NCI-H460 cells (P<0.05). Using Giemsa staining, cells treated with Bcl-2 ASODN combined with radiation at 72 h displayed classic apoptotic changes. Apoptotic rates of the NCI-H460 cells treated with Bcl-2 ASODN combined with radiation significantly increased (P<0.05), compared with either a nonsense oligodeoxynucleotide/radiation combination or radiation-treatment cells alone.CONCLUSION ASODN against the coding region of Bcl-2 mRNA increases radiation-induced apoptosis in NCI-H460 cells.

  14. 牛膝多糖对小鼠肝癌H22细胞bcl-2和Fas基因表达的影响%EFFECTS OF ACHYRANTHES BIDENTATA POLYSACCHARIDES ON THE EXPRESSION OF BCL-2 AND FAS IN HEPATOCARCINOMA H22 CELLS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗灿华

    2008-01-01

    目的:研究牛膝多糖(ABPS)对肝癌H22细胞bcl-2和Fas基因mRNA表达的影响.方法:用肝癌H22细胞进行体外培养,采用MTT法检测不同浓度ABPS对H22细胞的生长抑制作用;RT-PCR检测bcl-2和Fas基因mRNA表达的变化.结果:ABPS对肝癌H22细胞具有显著生长抑制作用,并呈量效关系;bcl-2基因mRNA表达水平随着ABPS浓度的增加而下降,Fas基因mRNA表达水平随着ABPS浓度的增加而上升.结论:ABPS可抑制H22细胞增殖并诱导其凋亡,其作用机制可能与下调bcl-2基因mRNA表达、上调Fas基因mRNA表达有关.

  15. Effects of growth and Bcl-2 and Bax expression by arsenic trioxide in human colorectal cancer LoVo cells%三氧化二砷对大肠癌LoVo细胞生长及Bcl-2、Bax表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张惠; 陈卫昌

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究三氧化二砷(As2O3)对人大肠癌细胞株LoVo中的生长及三氧化二砷对Bcl-2、Bax表达的影响.方法 采用不同浓度的As2O3处理LoVo细胞,MTT法测定细胞的生长抑制效应;免疫细胞化学法检测人结肠癌细胞LoVo中Bcl-2、Bax的表达.结果 MTT结果示As2O3对大肠癌LoVo细胞的生长有抑制作用,且有时间-剂量依赖性(P<0.05或P<0.01);免疫细胞化学法结果示As2O3可使LoVo细胞中Bcl-2表达下降,Bax表达升高(P<0.01).结论 三氧化二砷对大肠癌细胞生长有抑制作用,且呈时间、剂量依赖性;其机制可能与改变Bcl-2和Bax的表达水平有关.

  16. GDNF和HSV-GDNF对体外培养大鼠脊髓运动神经元损伤后Bcl-2表达的影响%Effects of GDNF and HSV-GDNF on Bcl-2 expression of spinal cord motoneurons of rats after their scratch injury in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王常利; 周长满; 苏剑斌

    2005-01-01

    目的:观察GDNF和单纯疱疹病毒载体介导的GDNF (HSV-GDNF)对体外培养大鼠脊髓运动神经元损伤后Bcl-2表达的影响.方法:将培养8 d的神经元,随机分成4组,行划痕损伤后观察神经元存活数、Bcl-2免疫反应(BCL-2-IR)阳性神经元数目和平均光密度.结果:损伤后第1、3、5和7天,GDNF和HSV-GDNF组的三项指标均明显高于同期对照组;第1、3 天,GDNF功效优于HSV-GDNF;第5、7 天,HSV-GDNF的功效较好.结论:GDNF和HSV-GDNF具有增强受损运动神经元Bcl-2表达的作用,且HSV-GDNF作用时间较长.

  17. 乳香诱导急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞凋亡中对Bcl-2基因调节%Boswellia Carterii Birdw Extractive Induces Apoptosis of Acute Non-lymphocytic Cells with Regulation of Expressions of Bcl-2 gene Protein

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐振华; 张国平; 柳昕; 赵谢兰

    2001-01-01

    研究乳香诱导急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞凋亡中对 Bcl- 2 基因蛋白的影响.采用 DNA 片段百分率及免疫组化法检测30 例急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞及白血病细胞株 HL60 细胞经 100 μg/ml乳香处理前、后 Bcl-2 基因蛋白表达水平 .结果:乳香具有诱导急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞及 HL60 细胞凋亡[1]及下调 Bc l-2 基因蛋白表达水平.结论:乳香具有诱导急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞及 HL60 细胞凋亡作用及下调 Bcl-2 基因蛋白.Bcl-2 基因蛋白表达水平下调可能是乳香提取物诱导急性非淋巴细胞白血病细胞凋亡重要机制之一.

  18. Expression of Bcl- 2 and MDM- 2, and HPV- 16 Infection Rate in Esophageal Carcinoma and in Its Pre - cancerous Lesion%食管癌及其癌前病变中Bcl-2和MDM-2表达以及HPV-16感染率的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕怀盛; 张建中; 景丽; 秦璟

    2004-01-01

    目的:对食管癌及其癌前病变中Bcl-2、MDM-2和HPV-16进行分析,以探讨食管癌发生原因及其机制.方法:采用免疫组化方法,对正常食管上皮、食管癌及其癌前病变中Bcl-2、MDM-2蛋白的表达和HPV-16进行对比观察.结果:9例正常食管鳞状上皮中有1例Bcl-2染色阳性(11.11%),MDM-2和HPV-16全部阴性;39例食管癌中Bcl-2、MDM-2、HPV-16染色分别有33例(84.61%)、25例(64.10%)和13例(33.33%)染色阳性;31例非典型增生中Bcl-2、MDM-2、HPV-16染色分别有7例(22.58%)、11例(35.48%)和3例(9.68%)染色阳性.三项指标在三组间比较均具有显著性差异(P<0.05);食管癌HPV-16阳性(33.33%)与非典型增生(9.68%)有显著性差异(χ2=4.14,P<0.05);食管癌MDM-2与Bcl-2染色阳性率间具有明显的相关关系(χ2=7.689,P<0.01).结论:食管癌常伴有HPV-16感染,食管癌的发生与Bcl-2和MDM-2基因异常表达有密切关系.

  19. 内毒素致胎鼠脑白质损伤后Bcl-2和Bax蛋白表达的研究%Changes of Bcl-2 and Bax expression in white matter of fetal rats after maternal endotoxin administration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于凌翔; 李向红; 韩林

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨内毒素致胎鼠脑白质损伤后凋亡蛋白Bcl-2、Bax的表达及其意义.方法 孕鼠随机分为两组:感染组和对照组.感染组:建立宫内感染的动物模型,孕鼠怀孕15 d腹腔注射内毒素;对照组:孕鼠怀孕15 d腹腔注射生理盐水.分别于给药后2、4、12、24、72 h剖腹取胎鼠,取脑组织行组织病理学检查,观察胎盘及胎鼠脑组织病理特点,用免疫组织化学方法检测胎鼠脑组织凋亡蛋白Bcl-2、Bax的表达.结果 感染组胎盘组织见中性粒细胞浸润,胎鼠脑组织病理改变包括脑白质染色减淡,结构疏松等.感染组胎鼠脑组织凋亡蛋白Bcl-2的表达自2 h开始逐渐下降,而Bax的表达自2 h逐渐升高,均于12h达到峰值.2h感染组Bcl-2、Bax的阳性细胞百分数与对照组相比,差异无显著性(P>0.05);而4 h、12 h、24 h和72 h感染组与对照组相比,差异有非常显著性(P 0.05). The ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 in the endotoxingroup was significantly higher than that in the control group at each time point (P<0.01).Conclusion Endotoxin can be used to eatablish intrauterine irfection models and the infection may cause damage to the white matter. Overexpression of Bcl-2 protects cell from apoptosis, but Bax may function as a cell death effector pro-tein. The ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 may play an important role for apoptosis in the lesion of the white matter.

  20. Effects of GDNF and HSV-GDNF on Bcl-2 expression of rat spinal cord motoneurons after anoxia%GDNF和HSV-GDNF对培养的大鼠脊髓运动神经元缺氧后的Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鄂玲玲; 周长满; 徐忠涛

    2002-01-01

    目的:观察细胞胶质源性神经营养因子(Glial cell line-derived neurotrophicfactor,GDNF)和单纯疱疹病毒介导的GDNF(GDNF transfomed bv herpes simplex virus vector,HSV-GDNF)对体外培养的大鼠脊髓运动神经元缺氧复氧时的作用和Bcl-2表达的影响.方法:观察缺氧2 h、4 h和缺氧4 h后恢复供氧24、72 h时,脊髓运动神经元存活数,并用抗Bcl-2抗血清行免疫组织化学染色,对Bcl-2免疫反应阳性神经元作平均光密度分析.结果:经GDNF、HSV-GDNF孵育的脊髓运动神经元缺氧-复氧后Bcl-2表达较对照组明显增强,神经元损伤程度减轻,神经元存活数明显高于对照组,且HSV-GDNF组的效果更好.结论:GDNF、HSV-GDNF对缺氧-复氧的大鼠脊髓运动神经元有保护作用,HSV-GDNF比GDNF更能增强缺氧-复氧后脊髓运动神经元Bcl-2的表达,提高神经元存活数,抑制缺氧后神经元的死亡.

  1. Effect of miR-181b on cell proliferation and expression of Bcl-2 and SP1 in HepG2 cells%miR-181b对肝癌HepG2细胞增殖以及Bcl-2和SP1蛋白表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文健; 杨亮; 李坚; 阳帆

    2010-01-01

    目的:研究miR-181b对人肝癌G2细胞(HepG2)中B细胞淋巴瘤/白血病-2(Bcl-2)和转录因子SP1蛋白及mRNA表达的调节作用,探讨miR-181b对HepG2细胞增殖的影响.方法:用人工合成的miR-181b相应的双链互补DNA片段,插入miRNASelectTM pEGP-miR载体中,经测序鉴定后克隆microRNA的高表达质粒;用脂质体将miR-181b高表达质粒转染进HepG2细胞,经嘌呤霉素筛选获得阳性克隆.用RT-PCR技术和Western blotting方法分别检测该细胞系中Bcl-2和SP1的mRNA和蛋白表达情况.用MTT法检测HepG2细胞增殖的变化情况.结果:Western blotting结果显示miR-181b能够减少Bcl-2和SP1蛋白质的表达,RT-PCR分析显示Bcl-2和SP1 mRNA表达减少.MTT显示转染后细胞的生长速率比未转染的细胞明显减慢. 结论:miR-181b抑制HepG2肝癌细胞增殖, 提示可能与其下调Bcl-2和SP1 的表达有关.

  2. The mystery of BCL2 family: Bcl-2 proteins and apoptosis: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, Waseem Ahmad; Ahad, Amjid; Ahsan, Haseeb

    2015-03-01

    Apoptosis is a critically important biological process that plays an essential role in cell fate and homeostasis. An important component of the apoptotic pathway is the family of proteins commonly known as the B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2). The primary role of Bcl-2 family members is the regulation of apoptosis. Although the structure of Bcl-2 family of proteins was reported nearly 10 years ago, however, it still surprises us with its structural and functional complexity and diversity. A number of studies have demonstrated that Bcl-2 family influences many other cellular processes beyond apoptosis which are generally independent of the regulation of apoptosis, suggesting additional roles for Bcl-2. The disruption of the regulation of apoptosis is a causative event in many diseases. Since the Bcl-2 family of proteins is the key regulator of apoptosis, the abnormalities in its function have been implicated in many diseases including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, ischemia and autoimmune diseases. In the past few years, our understanding of the mechanism of action of Bcl-2 family of proteins and its implications in various pathological conditions has enhanced significantly. The focus of this review is to summarize the current knowledge on the structure and function of Bcl-2 family of proteins in apoptotic cellular processes. A number of drugs have been developed in the past few years that target different Bcl-2 members. The role of Bcl-2 proteins in the pathogenesis of various diseases and their pharmacological significance as effective molecular therapeutic targets is also discussed.

  3. Effects of Selenium Dioxide on Apoptosis, Bcl-2 and P53 Expression, Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species and Calcium Level in Three Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines%SeO2诱导肺癌细胞凋亡中Bcl-2和P53表达及细胞内活性氧和Ca2+水平影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏亚明; WEI Yaming; 于海建; YU Haijian; 赵熙妍; ZHAO Xiyan; BAI Hai

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the anti-tumor effects of SeO2 and its mechanisms on three human lung cancer cell lines. Methods: Three lung cancer cells A549, GLC-82 and PG were treated with 3-30μmol/L SeO2. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis, and analyze the changes of expression of p53 and Bcl-2, as well as ROS and Ca2+ level within cells. Results.SeO2 markedly inhibited cell proliferation and viability, and prompted apoptosis after 48 h treatment. SeO2 at 10 μmol/L induced 47.8% apoptosis in A549 cells, 40.8% in GLC-82 cells, 18.2% in PG cells. SeO2 at 30μmol/L induced 37.8% apoposis in PG cells,but did not increase apoptotic raes in other two cells. SeO2 could down-regulate the mean fluorescent intensity of Bcl-2 from 65.8 to 9.6 in A549, but not in GLC-82 and in PG cells, up-regulate wild type p53 level in all three cells. SeO2 decreased the ROS and Ca2+ level markedly within three tested cells.Conclusion: SeO2 showed anti-tumor effect via apoptosis pathway in three lung cancer cell lines. The decrease of ROS and Ca2+ level within cells as well as regulation of Bcl-2 and p53 expression may play important roles in above apoptotic procedure.

  4. Bax/bcl-2: cellular modulator of apoptosis in feline skin and basal cell tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madewell, B R; Gandour-Edwards, R; Edwards, B F; Matthews, K R; Griffey, S M

    2001-01-01

    Bcl-2 and bax are two members of the BCL-2 gene family that play a prominent role in the regulation of apoptosis. Bax and bcl-2 expression were examined immunohistochemically in normal (healthy) feline skin and in 24 benign feline cutaneous basal cell tumours. The tumours were also examined for cellular proliferation by measurement of reactivity for the proliferation marker Ki-67, and for apoptosis by in-situ labelling for fragmented DNA. Bcl-2 was detected in normal basal epithelium and in 23 of 24 basal cell tumours. Bax was detected in both basal and suprabasal epithelium, but in only seven of 24 tumours. For tumours that expressed both bax and bcl-2, the bax:bcl-2 ratio was low. Neither bax nor bcl-2 expression was detected in 14 feline cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas. Basal cell tumours showed modest cellular proliferation (median, 17.5% Ki-67- reactive cells), but few (less than 1%) apoptotic cells. The slow, indolent growth of feline cutaneous basal cells in these benign skin tumours may be a response, at least in part, to opposing regulatory expressions of bcl-2 and bax.

  5. Expressions of survivin and Bcl-2 and the infection of Helicobacter pylori in the establishment of gastric cancer%胃癌变过程中幽门螺杆菌感染与凋亡基因Survivin和Bcl-2表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爱群; 葛莲英; 罗元; 林思彤

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究胃癌变过程中幽门螺杆菌(Hp)感染与凋亡基因Survivin、Bcl-2表达,探讨Hp相关胃癌的发生机制.方法:用快速尿素酶法、W-S银染法和美蓝法联合检测62例慢性浅表性胃炎(CSG)、55例慢性萎缩性胃炎(CAG)、52例肠化生(IM)、46例不典型增生(AH)、65例胃癌(GC)组织中Hp的感染,并采用免疫组化检测Survivin、Bcl-2蛋白的表达水平.结果:Hp阳性感染率、Survivin、Bcl-2蛋白阳性表达率均随着胃癌形成中病变恶性程度的加重而明显上升.CAG组、IM组、AH组和AC组Hp感染率较CSG组明显升高(P < 0.05).CAG组、IM组、AH组、GC组Survivin蛋白阳性表达率明显高于CSG组患者(P < 0.05,P < 0.01);IM组、AH组、GC组Bcl-2蛋白阳性表达率明显高于CSG组患者(P < 0.05,P < 0.01).AH组和GC组Hp感染与Survivin的表达呈正相关(P <0.01,P < 0.05);IM组、AH组和GC组Hp感染与Bcl-2的表达也呈正相关(P < 0.05,P < 0.01).结论:Survivin、Bcl-2是Hp感染胃癌变过程的早期事件,并参与了胃癌变的过程.

  6. Effects of Serum of the Rats that are Given Arsenical Agents on Human Leukemia Apoptosis and Expression of bcl-2 Gene%注射砒霜大鼠的血清对白血病细胞凋亡及Bcl-2基因表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧运华; 李震; 张丹; 李洁; 高向慧; 李军山

    2003-01-01

    目的:探讨中药砒霜治疗白血病的作用机理.方法:运用血清药理学法孵育人白血病细胞株K562细胞,通过流式细胞术检测注射砒霜大鼠的血清对细胞凋亡及bcl-2基因表达的影响.结果:注射砒霜大鼠的血清能使K562细胞G0-G1期细胞百分数减少,S期细胞百分数增加,Bcl-2表达减少,具有诱导k562细胞凋亡的作用.

  7. Effect of L-glutamine on liver Bcl-2 mRNA expression after total hepatic inflow occlusion in rats%谷氨酰胺对大鼠肝门阻断后肝脏Bcl-2 mRNA表达的影响及其保护作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国平; 朱闻溪; 杨广顺; 周文平; 程广明

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨谷氨酰胺(L-glutamine,Gln)对肝门阻断后肝脏细胞凋亡及Bcl-2 mRNA表达的影晌.方法:雄性Wistar大鼠,随机分为假手术组(A组)、对照组(B组)和实验组(C组)3组.采用Pringle's法进行肝门阻断,持续35 min,肝门阻断前C组大鼠腹腔注射Gln.分别于肝门阻断前及再灌注后2、4和24 h,每组各选取10只大鼠,测定血清ALT、AST、乳酸脱氢酶(lactic dehydrogenase,LDH)含量;检测肝组织谷胱甘肽(glutathione,GSH)、丙二醛(malondialdehyde,MDA)的含量;采用原位末端脱氧核苷酸转移酶法(terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated DUTP nick end labeling method,TUNEL)检测肝脏细胞凋亡,并计算凋亡指数(apoptosic index,Al);采用RT-PCR方法检测肝Bcl-2 mRNA的表达.结果:与B组相比,再灌注后C组肝组织中MDA含量下降(P<0.05),而GSH水平增高(P<0.05);血清ALT、AST、LDH含量及Al均明显降低(P<0.05);Bcl-2mRNA表达则显著增强(P<0.05).结论:Gln能够减轻过氧化损伤,上调肝脏Bcl-2 mRNA的表达,抑制肝细胞凋亡,从而在肝门阻断中发挥保护作用.

  8. Apoptosis of brain cells and expression changes of bcl-2 gene family after traumatic brain injury in rats%大鼠脑创伤细胞凋亡和bcl-2基因家族表达的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨云华; 张可成; 张艺梅

    2009-01-01

    目的:研究创伤性脑损伤(TBI)脑细胞凋亡发生及bcl-2基因家族表达变化,揭示TBI后继发性脑损伤的发生机制.方法:建立大鼠TBI模型,运用组织原位标记凋亡细胞检测、免疫组织化学等技术,观察TBI后1~14 d大脑伤侧皮层和海马等脑区细胞凋亡及bcl-2、bax基因表达的变化.结果:TBI后伤侧大脑广泛存在凋亡现象,以皮层及海马为甚;伤后1 d即出现凋亡细胞,3 d达高峰,7~14 d逐渐恢复正常;TBI后bcl-2、bax基因在伤脑表达增高,其增高的时相与凋亡规律相似,表达与细胞凋亡发生呈正相关.结论:细胞凋亡参与TBI后脑细胞的死亡机制,bcl-2基因在TBI后的脑组织中表达增加,对细胞凋亡发生有抑制作用;bax可促进细胞凋亡,TBI后表达明显增加,参与TBI后细胞凋亡的正向调节,可能是脑创伤后细胞死亡的重要机制.

  9. Effect of soluble CD44 molecule on the expression of apoptosis regulatory protein bcl-2 associated death factor bad in human trabecular meshwork cell%可溶性CD44分子对人眼小梁网细胞凋亡调节蛋白bcl-2相关死亡因子bad表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宗宝; 吴瑜瑜; 郭茂生

    2012-01-01

    亡因子bad蛋白的表达.%Background Researches demonstrated that the levels of soluble CD44 (sCD44)molecule in aqueous is significantly higher in primary open-angle glaucomous(POAG) eye than normal eye,but how the sCD44 would affect the expression of apoptosis protein in trabecular meshwork cells is below understanding. Objective The present study was to investigate the effect of sCD44 on the expression of regulatory proteins bcl-2 associated death factor bad in trabecular meshwork cells in the patients with POAG. Methods Human scleral tissue with trabecular meshwork were obtained from POAG patients during the surgery.The trabecular meshwork cells were primarily cultured by explant culture method and identified by immunochemistry.The third generation of cells were incubated with free-serum DMEM/F12 medium added differnt dosages of sCD44 (0,1,5,10,25,50 mg/L) for 48 hours.The expression of bad protein in cultured cells was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) as the absorbance values at 490 nm(A,90 value),and the bad protein level in cultured cells was assayed by ELISA. Results The cultured cells showed the positive response for laminin ( LM ),neuron specific enolase ( NSE ),fibronectin ( FN ) monoclonal antibodies.The CCK-8 assay showed that the A490 values of the trabecular meshwork cells in 0,1,5,10,25,50 μg/L of sCD44 groups were 0.2460±0.0019,0.1874±0.0015,0.1570±0.0016,0.1302±0.0019,0.1084±0.0018,0.0940±0.0020 respectively with a statistically significant difference among the 6 groups( F =14.922,P =0.000 ),and the A490 values in various dosages of sCD44 groups were significantly lower than the 0 μg/L sCD44 group (P=0.013,0.008,0.011,0.005,0.004).The ELISA assay showed that bad protein levels in 0,1,5,10,25,50 μg/L of sCD44 groups were ( 114.8461 ± 2.9560 ),( 137.8270 ± 2.4259 ),( 161.4194 ± 3.7381 ),( 170.9453 ± 3.2006 ),( 221.2252 ±4.3738 ),( 324.6167±4.4220) ng/L,showing a total difference among them ( F =16.610,P =0.000 ),and the bad protein levels in various dosages of sCD44

  10. Multimodal interaction with BCL-2 family proteins underlies the proapoptotic activity of PUMA BH3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Amanda L; Gavathiotis, Evripidis; LaBelle, James L; Braun, Craig R; Opoku-Nsiah, Kwadwo A; Bird, Gregory H; Walensky, Loren D

    2013-07-25

    PUMA is a proapoptotic BCL-2 family member that drives the apoptotic response to a diversity of cellular insults. Deciphering the spectrum of PUMA interactions that confer its context-dependent proapoptotic properties remains a high priority goal. Here, we report the synthesis of PUMA SAHBs, structurally stabilized PUMA BH3 helices that, in addition to broadly targeting antiapoptotic proteins, directly bind to proapoptotic BAX. NMR, photocrosslinking, and biochemical analyses revealed that PUMA SAHBs engage an α1/α6 trigger site on BAX to initiate its functional activation. We further demonstrated that a cell-permeable PUMA SAHB analog induces apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells and, like expressed PUMA protein, engages BCL-2, MCL-1, and BAX. Thus, we find that PUMA BH3 is a dual antiapoptotic inhibitor and proapoptotic direct activator, and its mimetics may serve as effective pharmacologic triggers of apoptosis in resistant human cancers.

  11. 蝙蝠葛酚性碱对小鼠脑缺血-再灌注脑组织 Bax和Bcl-2 蛋白表达的影响%Effect of phenolic alkaloids from Menispermum dauricum on expression of protein Bax, Bcl-2 in brain of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕青; 曲玲; 王芳; 郭莲军

    2004-01-01

    目的研究蝙蝠葛酚性碱对小鼠脑缺血-再灌注后脑组织凋亡相关蛋白表达的影响.方法采用免疫组织化学方法观察凋亡促进蛋白 Bax、凋亡抑制蛋白 Bcl-2 的表达.结果皮质于缺血复灌 12 h、海马 CA1 区于缺血复灌 24 h Bax 表达明显增多,Bcl-2 表达明显减少,蝙蝠葛酚性碱预防给药能抑制脑组织 Bax 的表达,并促进 Bcl-2 表达,减少脑细胞凋亡.结论蝙蝠葛酚性碱能抑制缺血-再灌后脑组织损伤,使凋亡细胞减少,对脑缺血有一定的保护作用.

  12. 下调CD147通过Bcl-2途径诱导宫颈癌细胞SiHa细胞凋亡的研究%Down-regutation of CD147 expression induces SiHa cell apoptosis through the Bcl-2 pathway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周希; 吕洁玉; 龚宝兰

    2010-01-01

    目的 研究下调CD147表达后宫颈癌SiHa细胞凋亡变化.方法 设计、合成两对CD147编码基因的反向重复序列,运用瞬间转染方法抑制SiHa中CD147表达,运用RT-PCR、Western blotting方法检测干扰后CD147、Bcl-2、Bim及caspase-3表达改变,流式细胞术检测干扰后肿瘤细胞的凋亡情况.结果 SiRNA sequence 1、2均有效抑制CD147基因表达(P<0.05),伴随着Bcl-2 mRNA和蛋白表达水平降低(P<0.05),干扰后caspase-3 mRNA、Bim水平升高(P<0.05),活性caspase-3蛋白及Bim水平增高(P<0.05),肿瘤细胞凋亡增加,以细胞早期凋亡改变最为明显(P<0.05).结论 沉默CD147基因表达可部分通过Bcl-2途径诱导SiHa细胞凋亡.

  13. EFFECTS OF GDNF AND HSV-GDNF ON Bcl-2 EXPRESSION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSCLE SATELLITE CELLS OF NEWBORN RAT IN VITRO%GDNF和HSV-GDNF对体外培养发育的大鼠骨骼肌卫星细胞Bcl-2表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐忠涛; 周长满; 鄂玲玲

    2003-01-01

    为了进一步探索治疗神经系统损伤的新途径,本研究用传代培养的骨骼肌卫星细胞加入胶质细胞源性神经营养因子(GDNF)和单纯疱疹病毒介导的GDNF(HSV GDNF),取培养2、4、8、16、24、48、72 h的细胞进行Bcl-2单克隆抗体的免疫组织化学反应,观察了GDNF和HSV-GDNF对体外培养发育的大鼠骨骼肌卫星细胞Bcl-2表达的影响.结果发现:GDNF、HSV-GDNF组的肌卫星细胞Bcl-2表达较对照组明显增强,细胞存活数量高于对照组,但GDNF组、HSV GDNF组两组之间无显著性差异.提示:GDNF、HSV-GDNF可促进骨骼肌卫星细胞的增殖、分化,并对其发育有保护作用.

  14. 儿黄散对宫颈上皮内瘤变小鼠宫颈组织PCNA、EGFR和bcl-2表达的影响%Influence of Erhuang powder on the expressions of PCNA, EGFR and bcl-2 in mice model with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凤娟; 陈惠铮; 姜醒; 谭展望; 王秀霞; 吴效科

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨儿黄散逆转宫颈上皮内瘤变、阻断宫颈浸润癌发生途径的作用机制.方法:利用二甲基苯蒽(DMBA)诱发小鼠宫颈上皮内瘤变动物模型,局部给药5月,免疫组织化学法检测造模小鼠宫颈组织增殖细胞核抗原(PCNA)、表皮生长因子受体(EGFR)和细胞凋亡抑制基因bcl-2的表达.结果:中药治疗组小鼠宫颈组织PC-NA、EGFR和bcl-2阳性表达数量减少,程度减轻,与模型组相比有统计学意义.结论:儿黄散通过对PCNA、EGFR和bcl-2的调控,抑制细胞增殖,促进细胞凋亡,使宫颈癌前病变细胞向良性转化,从而阻断宫颈浸润癌的发生.

  15. Clinical profiling of BCL-2 family members in the setting of BRAF inhibition offers a rationale for targeting de novo resistance using BH3 mimetics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennie T Frederick

    Full Text Available While response rates to BRAF inhibitiors (BRAFi are high, disease progression emerges quickly. One strategy to delay the onset of resistance is to target anti-apoptotic proteins such as BCL-2, known to be associated with a poor prognosis. We analyzed BCL-2 family member expression levels of 34 samples from 17 patients collected before and 10 to 14 days after treatment initiation with either vemurafenib or dabrafenib/trametinib combination. The observed changes in mRNA and protein levels with BRAFi treatment led us to hypothesize that combining BRAFi with a BCL-2 inhibitor (the BH3-mimetic navitoclax would improve outcome. We tested this hypothesis in cell lines and in mice. Pretreatment mRNA levels of BCL-2 negatively correlated with maximal tumor regression. Early increases in mRNA levels were seen in BIM, BCL-XL, BID and BCL2-W, as were decreases in MCL-1 and BCL2A. No significant changes were observed with BCL-2. Using reverse phase protein array (RPPA, significant increases in protein levels were found in BIM and BID. No changes in mRNA or protein correlated with response. Concurrent BRAF (PLX4720 and BCL2 (navitoclax inhibition synergistically reduced viability in BRAF mutant cell lines and correlated with down-modulation of MCL-1 and BIM induction after PLX4720 treatment. In xenograft models, navitoclax enhanced the efficacy of PLX4720. The combination of a selective BRAF inhibitor with a BH3-mimetic promises to be