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  1. Hicks on reality and time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

    2010-01-01

    can be reduced into scientific terms is rather limited – as economics pushes on beyond statics it becomes less like science, and more like history. A further development of economic theory is required and like Post-keynesians Hicks in his later writings tries to find different ways to carry...

  2. Ultrasound, normal placenta - Braxton Hicks (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... performed at 17 weeks gestation. It shows the placenta during a normal (Braxton Hicks) contraction. Throughout the ... contracts to facilitate better blood flow through the placenta and the fetus. In this ultrasound, the placenta ...

  3. FOREWORD: Dr Trevor J Hicks Dr Trevor J Hicks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goossens, Darren

    2009-03-01

    This issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has been assembled to recognize the valuable contribution of Dr Trevor J Hicks to the field of neutron scattering and magnetism. Trevor began his study of magnetism as a PhD student at Monash University in Melbourne in the early 1960s, working with Professor Jack Smith. From the very beginning magnetism in alloys, and disordered systems in general, became a key aspect of his career. After a postdoctoral position at Harwell working with Dr Graeme Low Trevor returned to Australia and took up a position with Monash. He soon became a key figure in developing the capability for neutron scattering using the HIFAR reactor at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission, now the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, ANSTO. The instrumentation was always developed to further his studies of magnetism. The development of polarization analysis measurements of diffuse magnetic scattering, first using iron filters and then his own design of supermirror benders for beam polarization, took place through the 1970s, 1980s and into the 1990s. Throughout this time, Trevor mentored a series of PhD students and postdoctoral fellows, many of whom have contributed to this issue (and, indeed, guest edited it). As befits a scientist and university academic for whom teaching has always been important, Trevor has not only created a strong body of significant research, he has also made a major contribution to preparing several generations of neutron scattering scientists, and this issue reflects that. When I approached Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter with a proposal for an issue in honour of Trevor, the response was immediate and positive. It is with great pleasure that I present the result of that proposal. The great diversity of the content, all centred on neutron scattering and magnetism, reflects the breadth of Trevor's own career and of the scientists with whom he has interacted. Finally, I would like to make some

  4. A Memory-Based Model of Hick's Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Darryl W.; Anderson, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We propose and evaluate a memory-based model of Hick's law, the approximately linear increase in choice reaction time with the logarithm of set size (the number of stimulus-response alternatives). According to the model, Hick's law reflects a combination of associative interference during retrieval from declarative memory and occasional savings…

  5. 10. O Olawoyin John Hick Pluralism in the Traditional Yoruba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    viz. to provide a theoretical basis for peaceful coexistence among different religions in. Nigeria. ... John Hick's Philosophy of Religious Pluralism in the Context of Traditional Yoruba Religion 87 ... The present article makes such an attempt in the ..... Man really finds little satisfaction except in a Deity who lives, who has.

  6. Kuraator Alistair Hicks: kuidas õppida pilte usaldama? / intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hicks, Alistair

    2011-01-01

    Fotokuu raames Eestit külastanud Deutsche Banki kunstikollektsiooni üks kuraatoreid Alistair Hicks huvist foto vastu kunstiturul, Deutsche Banki kollektsioonist, mis sisaldab kunsti paberil, praegusest fotost, eesti fotograafi Sigrid Viiri skulptuurina esitletud fotodest. Panga kollektsioonis on Krista Mölderi fotod seeriast "Landmarks"

  7. UTEROPLACENTAL DOPPLER VELOCIMETRY DURING BRAXTON-HICKS CONTRACTIONS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DIJKSTRA, K; AARNOUDSE, JG; Oosterhof, H.

    1992-01-01

    Pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound was used to evaluate the influence of Braxton Hicks' contractions on flow velocity waveforms in the uterine arteries. Flow velocity waveforms were obtained from a standardized site, at the crossing of the uterine artery with the external iliac artery near the uterine w

  8. Hayek, Hicks e a ascensão do walrasianismo Hayek, Hicks and the rise of walrasianism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo de Castro Soromenho

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a origem e a evolução dos conceitos de equilíbrio e tempo que Hicks utilizou para interpretar a Teoria Geral de Keynes. O trabalho está organizado em duas partes. Na primeira, analisaram-se os trabalhos de Hayek. Examinaram-se sua concepção de equilíbrio intertemporal e projeto de desenvolver uma teoria dos ciclos. Por último, discutiram-se a implementação desse projeto e seus problemas. Na segunda parte, foi examinado como Hicks, ao refletir sobre os problemas da teoria de Hayek, desenvolveu seus próprios conceitos de equilíbrio e tempo.In this article, the origins and evolution of the equilibrium and time concepts that Hicks later used to interpret Keynes' theory are discussed. The paper is organized into two parts. In the first, the work of Hayek is analyzed, examining his conception of intertemporal equilibrium, his project to develop a theory of cycles, and lastly, the implementation of this project in Prices and Production and the related problems. In the second part we examine how Hicks, reflecting on the problems raised by Hayek´s theory, developed his own concepts of equilibrium and time.

  9. As primeiras impressões de Hicks sobre a Teoria Geral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo de Castro Soromenho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present an interpretation of the Hicks' first review of Keynes's General Theory. First we analyze the influence of Hayek's theory on the work of Hicks. We show how Hicks, reflecting on the Austrian theory of the business cycle, created the concepts of "week" and temporary equilibrium. Then we discuss how the author reformulated these concepts of time and equilibrium to interpret the General Theory.

  10. Exceptions to Hick's law: explorations with a response duration measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longstreth, L E; el-Zahhar, N; Alcorn, M B

    1985-12-01

    Five experiments used a new response-duration measure in explorations of the conditions necessary for confirmation of Hick's law. Hick's law states that reaction time increases logarithmically with number of choices. Exceptions to the law, venerable as it is, have been reported. They have always included the following conditions: a verbal response; a familiar stimulus with a single dominant name; and a large number of practice trials. These conditions have carried a heavy explanatory burden in accounting for the anamolous results. The present studies use none of these conditions and yet manage to replicate the anamolous result of a very shallow slope across set size, a slope less than one-tenth the usual value. This was accomplished by using a novel task in which the initial component of the response is the same for all stimuli (depression of a single response key) but the termination of the response is different (different durations for each stimulus). Using this task, a slope in the neighborhood of 15 ms per bit of stimulus uncertainty is found, as compared with the usual value of about 150 ms. A number of possible explanations are examined. Among the most important are the possibilities that response overlap is the critical factor (i.e., duration errors overlap); possible stimuli are simply ignored when more than one is involved; and the duration decision is made after the reaction-time interval rather than during it. All three possibilities, as well as some others, are found to be inconsistent with the various experimental outcomes. Instead, a new theory of choice reaction time is presented, which emphasizes the nature of the S-R code that is assumed to represent various reaction-time tasks. This theory leads to a new "law" that is put forward as a replacement for Hick's law. It is RT = a + b(1 - N-1).

  11. Porridge and peas: C. Stanton Hicks and Australian army rations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collingham, Lizzie

    2009-09-01

    In 1942 Australian troops came back from fighting the Japanese in New Guinea exhausted and malnourished. The army rations of bully beef and biscuits were insufficiently rich in vitamins to sustain men in combat in tropical conditions. The nutritionist C. Stanton Hicks was one of a vast army of scientists who worked behind the scenes to maximize the war effort. He made it his mission to improve the army diet. He set up the Australian Army Catering Corps, invented combat ration packs and tried to introduce vitamin-rich foods into the soldiers' diet. Two of his more idiosyncratic innovations were wheat porridge and Tasmanian blue peas.

  12. Nuclear locus divergence at the early stages of speciation in the Orchard Oriole complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturge, Rachel J; Cortés-Rodríguez, M Nandadevi; Rojas-Soto, Octavio R; Omland, Kevin E

    2016-07-01

    As two lineages diverge from one another, mitochondrial DNA should evolve fixed differences more rapidly than nuclear DNA due to its smaller effective population size and faster mutation rate. As a consequence, molecular systematists have focused on the criteria of reciprocal monophyly in mitochondrial DNA for delimiting species boundaries. However, mitochondrial gene trees do not necessarily reflect the evolutionary history of the taxa in question, and even mitochondrial loci are not expected to be reciprocally monophyletic when the speciation event happened very recently. The goal of this study was to examine mitochondrial paraphyly within the Orchard Oriole complex, which is composed of Icterus spurius (Orchard Oriole) and Icterus fuertesi (Fuertes' Oriole). We increased the geographic sampling, added four nuclear loci, and used a range of population genetic and coalescent methods to examine the divergence between the taxa. With increased taxon sampling, we found evidence of clear structure between the taxa for mitochondrial DNA. However, nuclear loci showed little evidence of population structure, indicating a very recent divergence between I. spurius and I. fuertesi. Another goal was to examine the genetic variation within each taxon to look for evidence of a past founder event within the I. fuertesi lineage. Based on the high amounts of genetic variation for all nuclear loci, we found no evidence of such an event - thus, we found no support for the possible founding of I. fuertesi through a change in migratory behavior, followed by peripheral isolates speciation. Our results demonstrate that these two taxa are in the earliest stages of speciation, at a point when they have fixed differences in plumage color that are not reflected in monophyly of the mitochondrial or nuclear DNA markers in this study. This very recent divergence makes them ideal for continued studies of species boundaries and the earliest stages of speciation.

  13. Geographic variation and genetic structure in the Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi, a critically endangered synanthropic species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa R. Price

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bird species may exhibit unexpected population structuring over small distances, with gene flow restricted by geographic features such as water or mountains. The Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi is a critically endangered, synanthropic island endemic with a declining population of fewer than 300 individuals. It now remains only on Andros Island (The Bahamas, which is riddled with waterways that past studies assumed did not hinder gene flow. We examined 1,858 base pairs of mitochondrial DNA sequenced from four gene regions in 14 birds (roughly 5% of the remaining population found on the largest land masses of Andros Island (North Andros and Mangrove Cay/South Andros. We sought to discern genetic structuring between the remaining subpopulations and its relationship to current conservation concerns. Four unique haplotypes were identified, with only one shared between the two subpopulations. Nucleotide and haplotype diversity were higher for the North Andros subpopulation than for the Mangrove Cay/South Andros subpopulation. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA yielded a Wright’s fixation index (Fst of 0.60 (PFst = 0.016, with 40.2% of the molecular variation explained by within-population differences and 59.8% by among-population differences. Based on the mitochondrial regions examined in this study, we suggest the extant subpopulations of Bahama Oriole exhibit significant population structuring over short distances, consistent with some other non-migratory tropical songbird species.

  14. FETAL DOPPLER VELOCIMETRY IN THE INTERNAL CAROTID AND UMBILICAL ARTERY DURING BRAXTON-HICKS CONTRACTIONS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DIJKSTRA, K; AARNOUDSE, JG; Oosterhof, H.

    1992-01-01

    Using Doppler ultrasound, previous studies revealed a considerable increase in vascular resistance in the uteroplacental circulation during Braxton Hicks' contractions. Consequently, uteroplacental blood flow is reduced and this affects placental oxygen transfer to the fetus, causing a fall in fetal

  15. La crítica de Hicks al Tratado del Dinero de Keynes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Tobón

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar que la crítica que hace Hicks al Tratado del Dinero de Keynes es incorrecta. Para ello, presentamos el modelo de Keynes, mostrando que la igualdad entre la inversión y el ahorro es una condición de equilibrio monetario y no una identidad. Este resultado no puede ser obtenido en el análisis de Hicks.

  16. Hick Samuelson Keynes Dynamic Economic Model with Discrete Time and Consumer Sentiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrescu, Loretti I.; Neamå#U, Mihaela; Opriş, Dumitru

    The paper describes the Hick Samuelson Keynes dynamical economic model with discrete time and consumer sentiment. We seek to demonstrate that consumer sentiment may create fluctuations in the economical activities. The model possesses a flip bifurcation and a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation, after which the stable state is replaced by a (quasi-) periodic motion.

  17. Landscape architecture student Christina Hicks receives recognition in James River Green Building Council's 2009 Green Spaces Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2009-01-01

    Christina Hicks of Stafford, Va., a fifth-year landscape architecture student, is the Honor Winner of the 2009 James River Green Building Council's (JRGBC) Green Spaces Competition in the student division.

  18. La dinámica en economía. Los enfoques de Hicks y Samuelson

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    Este artículo compara las concepciones de Hicks y Samuelson acerca de la dinámica. Para el primero, los análisis dinámicos deben partir de una definición de del período. El segundo, por su parte, asocia los procesos dinámicos a relaciones de vectores de fuerza, como en la mecánica clásica.

  19. A Note on Discrete Multitime Recurrences of Samuelson-Hicks Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Antonio Pansera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available By this work, we aim at fostering further research on the applications of multitime recurrences. In particular, we shall apply this method by generalizing the Samuelson-Hicks model so as to make the new concept of time that this method proposes clear. In particular, the multitime approach decomposes a point of time into a vector, taking into account how different coordinates of time referring to the same date can affect the dynamics of a model.

  20. La dinámica en economía. Los enfoques de Hicks y Samuelson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecha Arcenio

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo compara las concepciones de Hicks y Samuelson acerca de la dinámica. Para el primero, los análisis dinámicos deben partir de una definición de del período. El segundo, por su parte, asocia los procesos dinámicos a relaciones de vectores de fuerza, como en la mecánica clásica.

  1. Diverse habitat use during two life stages of the critically endangered Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi: community structure, foraging, and social interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa R. Price

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Our ability to prevent extinction in declining populations often depends on effective management of habitats that are disturbed through wildfire, logging, agriculture, or development. In these disturbed landscapes, the juxtaposition of multiple habitat types can be especially important to fledglings and young birds, which may leave breeding grounds in human-altered habitat for different habitats nearby that provide increased foraging opportunities, reduced competition, and higher protection from predators. In this study, we evaluated the importance of three habitat types to two life stages of the critically endangered Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi, a synanthropic songbird endemic to Andros, The Bahamas. First, we determined the avian species composition and relative abundance of I. northropi among three major vegetation types on Andros: Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea forest, coppice (broadleaf dry forest, and anthropogenic areas, dominated by nonnative vegetation (farmland and developed land. We then compared the foraging strategies and social interactions of two age classes of adult Bahama Orioles in relation to differential habitat use. Bird surveys late in the Bahama Oriole’s breeding season indicated the number of avian species and Bahama Oriole density were highest in coppice. Some bird species occurring in the coppice and pine forest were never observed in agricultural or residential areas, and may be at risk if human disturbance of pine forest and coppice increases, as is occurring at a rapid pace on Andros. During the breeding season, second-year (SY adult Bahama Orioles foraged in all vegetation types, whereas after-second-year (ASY adults were observed foraging only in anthropogenic areas, where the species nested largely in introduced coconut palms (Cocos nucifera. Additionally, SY adults foraging in anthropogenic areas were often observed with an ASY adult, suggesting divergent habitat use for younger, unpaired birds. Other

  2. Different (key)strokes for different folks: How standard and nonstandard typists balance Fitts' law and Hick's law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Gordon D; Ulrich, Jana E; Lindsey, Dakota R B

    2016-12-01

    Fine motor skills like typing involve a mapping problem that trades Fitts' law against Hick's law. Eight fingers have to be mapped onto 26 keys. Movement time increases with distance, so Fitts' law is optimized by recruiting more fingers. Choice difficulty increases with the number of alternatives, so Hick's law is optimized by recruiting fewer fingers. The effect of the number of alternatives decreases with consistent practice, so skilled typists achieve a balance between Fitts' law and Hick's law through learning. We tested this hypothesis by comparing standard typists who use the standard QWERTY mapping consistently with nonstandard typists who use fewer fingers less consistently. Typing speed and accuracy were lower for nonstandard typists, especially when visual guidance was reduced by removing the letters from the keys or covering the keyboard. Regression analyses showed that accommodation to Fitts' law (number of fingers) and Hick's law (consistency) predicted typing speed and accuracy. We measured the automaticity of typing in both groups, testing for hierarchical control in 3 tasks: word priming, which measures parallel activation of keystrokes, keyboard recall, which measures explicit knowledge of letter locations, and hand cuing, which measures explicit knowledge of which hand types which letter. Standard and nonstandard typists showed similar degrees of hierarchical control in all 3 tasks, suggesting that nonstandard typists type as automatically as standard typists, but their suboptimal balance between Fitts' law and Hick's law limits their ability to type quickly and accurately. (PsycINFO Database Record

  3. On Sequence Learning Models: Open-loop Control Not Strictly Guided by Hick's Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavão, Rodrigo; Savietto, Joice P; Sato, João R; Xavier, Gilberto F; Helene, André F

    2016-03-15

    According to the Hick's law, reaction times increase linearly with the uncertainty of target stimuli. We tested the generality of this law by measuring reaction times in a human sequence learning protocol involving serial target locations which differed in transition probability and global entropy. Our results showed that sigmoid functions better describe the relationship between reaction times and uncertainty when compared to linear functions. Sequence predictability was estimated by distinct statistical predictors: conditional probability, conditional entropy, joint probability and joint entropy measures. Conditional predictors relate to closed-loop control models describing that performance is guided by on-line access to past sequence structure to predict next location. Differently, joint predictors relate to open-loop control models assuming global access of sequence structure, requiring no constant monitoring. We tested which of these predictors better describe performance on the sequence learning protocol. Results suggest that joint predictors are more accurate than conditional predictors to track performance. In conclusion, sequence learning is better described as an open-loop process which is not precisely predicted by Hick's law.

  4. Una escuela pública de vanguardia. La escuela Timbaler del Bruc de Oriol Bohigas y Josep Martorell (Barcelona, 1957

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Durá Gúrpide

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available En un momento de intensa actividad en la reformulación de los espacios educativos, la escuela Timbaler del Bruc de Oriol Bohigas y Josep Martorell incorporó avances en arquitectura escolar de acuerdo a las nuevas necesidades pedagógicas y destacó como una obra ejemplar. Esta investigación sitúa la obra en su contexto, analiza en detalle el edificio a partir de su documentación original y el redibujado de sus planos e identifica sus principales valores. Si bien el proyecto partió de patrones establecidos, añadió aportaciones particulares que contribuyeron al desarrollo de la tipología escolar y se convirtió en una referencia para proyectos posteriores, tanto de sus autores como de otros profesionales. Este artículo no solo se dirige a investigadores de la historia de la arquitectura sino también al conjunto de los arquitectos por la vigencia del valor de la obra como proyecto arquitectónico.

  5. 晓来枝上千般语,应共桃花诉旧心--齐己《早莺》赏析%Analysis of Qi Ji's Early Oriole

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莹

    2015-01-01

    《早莺》把早莺的形、声、动作、神态,写得栩栩如生;把它身处的环境亦刻画得鲜明如画。起承转合,章法分明。句式整饬中有变化。还善于练字,想象奇绝。还有深远的寄托,咏早莺以寄寓诗人的才华、高洁品性。%Early oriole's body , sound , movement and expression are well described in Early oriole , the same for the background in which they it live. The structure and chapters are very clear . Many subtle changes exist in the text . There are numerous imagination with good wishes , which embody author's talent and high quality .

  6. Critical comment on Hicks-Caskey and Potter, "Effect of the full moon on a sample of developmentally delayed, institutionalized women".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, M

    1991-12-01

    Hicks-Caskey and Potter (1991) claim to have found a "full moon effect" on women in a developmental center. Further, they suggest the discrepancies in findings on lunar effects can be accounted for by (i) a lack of equivalent operational definitions and (ii) a person selection factor. It is argued that the Hicks-Caskey and Potter findings are undermined by weekday, holiday, season, weather, particular staff-subject interactions, and expectancy effects. In addition, the proposed explanations for differing outcomes in lunar studies do not explain both the negative findings and conflicting positive findings.

  7. Home and away - Raymond Pettibon and Marko Mäetamm / Alistair Hicks, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa, Marko Mäetamm, Liina Siib

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Vestluringis on näituse „Kodus ja võõrsil. Raymond Pettibon: Ameerika unelmas elades. Marko Mäetamm: Tunne end nagu kodus” kuraator Alistair Hicks, Marko Mäetamm, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa ja Liina Siib

  8. Home and away - Raymond Pettibon and Marko Mäetamm / Alistair Hicks, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa, Marko Mäetamm, Liina Siib

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Vestluringis on näituse „Kodus ja võõrsil. Raymond Pettibon: Ameerika unelmas elades. Marko Mäetamm: Tunne end nagu kodus” kuraator Alistair Hicks, Marko Mäetamm, Elo-Hanna Seljamaa ja Liina Siib

  9. Commentary: Science, Technology, and Society in Guidelines for Using Technology to Prepare Social Studies Teachers--A Reply to Hicks et al. and Crocco and Leo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Lance

    2015-01-01

    This essay is a response to both the "Guidelines for Using Technology to Prepare Social Studies Teachers" published in this journal by Hicks, Lee, Berson, Bolick, and Diem (2014) and the rejoinder by Crocco and Leo (2015). The author agrees with Crocco and Leo's assessment that removing the principal regarding science, technology, and…

  10. Typical males and unconventional females: songs and singing behaviors of a tropical, duetting oriole in the breeding and non-breeding season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karan J. Odom

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Recent research emphasizes that female song is evolutionarily important, yet there are still few species for which we have quantified the similarities and differences between male and female song. Comparing song rates and the structure of female and male song is an important first step to forming hypotheses about functional and evolutionary differences that may exist between females and males, especially in year-round territorial species that may use their songs for breeding and non-breeding activities. We compared female and male singing rates and song structure in a tropical New World oriole, the Venezuelan troupial (Icterus icterus during both the breeding and non-breeding season and between the dawn and day. Males sang solos at particularly high rates during the breeding season before dawn. Females, however, sang at consistent rates year-round, primarily during the day. Females answered 75% of male day songs, producing duets, whereas males overlapped only 42% of female songs. Duets were common year-round, but occurred more often during the non-breeding season. Structurally, female songs were higher pitched and shorter than male songs. We detected no sex differences in the number or order of syllables, however, interestingly, answers were shorter than duet initiations and solos, and, during the breeding season, songs that initiated duets were characterized by higher syllable diversity than were answers or solos. The fact that males sing more during the breeding season supports the classical hypothesis that male song is a sexually selected trait. However, our findings that females sing solos and answer the majority of male songs to create duets year-round suggests that female song may have evolved to serve multiple functions not exclusively tied to breeding.

  11. Sir John Hicks a la reconquista de la dicotomía clásica: a propósito de IS-LM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Jorge Iván

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Sir John Hicks, el caballero excelso de la armada bastarda, ha luchado desde 1937 por mostrar que la obra de Keynes, especialmente la Teoría General, no constituyó un rompimiento con el pensamiento tradicional. Gracias a la tenacidad de quien fuera ungido caballero en 1964, la síntesis neoclásica ha logrado sobrevivir a las críticas demoledoras de autores como Leijonhuvfud, Davidson, Weintraub, Uzawa, etc.

  12. La teoria monetaria e la determinazione dei prezzi fissi e flessibili: una valutazione di A Market Theory of Money di John Hicks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. KREGEL

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The work represents an analysis of Sir John Hick’s book A market theory of money. Sir John has, on a number of occasions, taken his distance from the SI-LL model and what has been made of it in mainstream economics. He has never done this with respect to his own approach to money, or discussed why, given the initial similarity with Keynes’ approach to liquidity, he went on to develop a diverse approach. It is this difference which will be the centre of our discussion.  JEL Codes: B22, B31, E30Keywords: John Hicks, A market theory of money, SI-LL

  13. A contribuição de John Hick para o diálogo inter-religioso: a leitura do evento crístico como metáfora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Portella

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este é um comentário crítico do livro A metáfora do Deus encarnado (2000, de John Hick. Hick busca rever axiomas cristológicos, tentando reinterpretá-los no intuito de fazê-los significativos para o diálogo inter-religioso. Propõe uma cristologia pluralista, desconstruindo tradicionais premissas e dando novos significados ao evento Jesus. A partir de uma nova cristologia, oferece uma soteriologia que transcende o evento crístico.Palavras-chave: Cristologia; Soteriologia; Diálogo interreligioso; Teologia contemporânea.ABSTRACTThis is a critical review of John Hick’s book The metaphor of red God (2000. Hick reviews Christological axioms, attempting to reinterpret them so as to render them significant to the dialogue between religions. He proposes a pluralist Christology, deconstructing traditional premises and investing Jesus’ event with new meanings. With basis on a new Christology, he offers a soteriology that transcends Christ’s event.Key words: Christology; Soteriology; Dialogue between religions; Contemporary theology.

  14. 燕雀亚科鸟类的贝叶斯系统发生:非洲鹂雀的分类地位及朱雀属的进化与异质起源%Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus and evolution and heterogeneity of the genus Carpodacus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonio ARNAIZ-VILLENA; Juan MOSCOSO; Valentin RUIZ.DEL.VALLE; Javier GONZAI,EZ; Raquel REGUERA; Michael WINK; Juan I.SERRANOVELA

    2007-01-01

    鹂雀(Linurgus olivaceus)是非洲热带森林中一种独特的鸣禽,为鹂雀属(Linurgus)的惟一物种.在已有的研究中,通过对鹂雀和雀形目现存鸟类中每个科及亚科至少一个物种的线粒体DNA序列测定,分析了鹂雀与其它现存雀形目鸟类的系统发生关系;在遗传上,对鹂雀与金丝雀、金翅雀及燕雀亚科其它鸟类亦有比较研究.本研究共使用了燕雀亚科83种鸟类,重点对该亚科的系统发生进行了修订.使用贝叶斯法构建了系统发生树,结果表明:鹂雀属于燕雀亚科,系统发生树中聚在金翅雀族(Carduelini),与金丝雀属(Serinus)、金翅雀属(Carduelis)及交嘴雀属(Loxia)的种类形成一组;在系统发生中,鹂雀可能是一个基部物种,它同金丝雀属和金翅雀属鸟类一同进化并分歧出来.在本研究中未能涉及的一些已灭绝种类,可能与鹂雀有着较近的遗传学关系.另一方面,研究也表明锡嘴雀(Coccotharustes coccothraustes)肯定包括在欧亚蜡嘴雀(蜡嘴雀属Eophona和拟蜡嘴雀属Mycerobas)中,美洲的朱雀(Carpodacus)可能是从亚洲种类分歧出来并经过进化辐射形成.%Oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus is a songbird thriving in African tropical forests. It has been classified as the only species within the genus Linurgus. The phylogenetic relationships of the oriole finch with at least one species of each extant Passerine families and subfamilies have been studied by mitochondrial DNA sequencing. L.olivaceus has also been genetically compared with most extant Canaries, Siskins and other members of the subfamily Fringillinae. In total, 83 Fringillinae species have been used for the present study, and a phylogenetic revision of this subfamily has been addressed. Phylogenetic trees have been constructed by using a Bayesian methodology. Our results show that Linurgus olivaceus belongs to the subfamily Fringillinae and clusters within the tribe Carduelini, grouping with canaries

  15. A further note on the scientific name of Bullocks’ Oriole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesser, R. Terry

    2015-01-01

    Chesser (2013) intended to introduce a justified emendation to Icterus bullockii under Article 32.5.1 of the Code (ICZN 1999), because the name honors both William Bullock, Sr., and William Bullock, Jr. However, the correction bullockorum is "incorrect" and therefore is an unjustified emendation (Article 33.2.3). Under the assumption that the name Bullock was latinized (cf. Article 31.1.1) to Bullockius (bullocki– + the nominative case ending –us) and therefore that the name bullockii comprises the stem bullocki– + the genitive case ending –i, the justified correction bullockiorum is required.

  16. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sheila Hicks: 50 Years”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... on or about November 5, 2010, until on or about February 27, 2011; at the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, from on or about March 25, 2011, until on or...

  17. "Even a highwayman, a house-breaker or a murderer" : International compassion as an insufficient universal / Jim Hicks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hicks, Jim, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Bosnia sõja reportaažide kirjandusteaduslik analüüs. Vaadeldud on ameerika ajakirjanike raamatuid: Kaplan, Robert. Balkan ghosts (Balkani vaimud) ; Sudetic, Chuck. Blood and vengeance (Veri ja kättemaks)

  18. "Even a highwayman, a house-breaker or a murderer" : International compassion as an insufficient universal / Jim Hicks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hicks, Jim, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Bosnia sõja reportaažide kirjandusteaduslik analüüs. Vaadeldud on ameerika ajakirjanike raamatuid: Kaplan, Robert. Balkan ghosts (Balkani vaimud) ; Sudetic, Chuck. Blood and vengeance (Veri ja kättemaks)

  19. 瓶中的地中海味道——访西班牙Capuchina Vieja酒庄酿酒师Oriol Guevara

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜

    2014-01-01

    采自西班牙M&laga产区的CapuchilqaVieja酒庄拥有漫长的葡萄栽培历史,酒庄将马拉加的传统和现代酿酒技术进行了完美的融合,并体现了独特的地中海风情。Capuchina出产品丽珠、西拉混酿的干红葡萄酒、马拉加麝香白葡萄酒以及由马拉加传统晒干法酿制的天然甜酒,曾在多项世界大赛中捧得桂冠。现在,来自地中海的CapuchinaVieja葡萄酒即将来到中国,为中国消费者带来藏在瓶中的地中海风味。

  20. "Braxton Hick's" or the birth of a new era? Tracing the development of Ireland's abortion laws in respect of European Court of Human Rights Jurisprudence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Brenda

    2011-09-01

    In Ireland, Article 40.3.3 degrees of Bunreacht na hEireann (the Irish Constitution) guarantees the right to life of the unborn child and the equal right to life of the mother. Abortion in Ireland is permissible only where there is a real and substantial risk to the mother's own life. Since Ireland became a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights in 1950,2 there have been concerns that it could result in Ireland being compelled to introduce a right to abortion. This article commences with a review of the extant law on abortion in Ireland, tracing the Constitutional protection afforded to the unborn child. The article will discuss the impact of the European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence in regard to access to abortion and to information on abortion services in Ireland in an effort to ascertain if it really has resulted in a radical change to Irish abortion laws. As such, it will also be necessary to examine the more recent decisions of the ECtHR such as Tysiac v. Poland, and A, B, and C v. Ireland, to determine both the approach of the ECtHR to access to abortion in general and also to consider if it has resulted in a liberalisation of abortion law in Ireland.

  1. Roberto Gusmani, Itinerari linguistici, Scritti raccolti in occasione del 60. compleanno, a cura di Raffaella Bombi, Guido Cifolrtti, Sara Frdalto, Fabiana Fusco, Lucia Innocente, Vincenzo Orioles; Edizioni dell'Orso, Alessandria, 1995; XXVII+382 pagine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Oggigiomo al centro degli studi linguistici non è più il sistema astratto bensì il linguaggio in società e nei vari contatti di popoli, lingue, culture, con le differenze non soltanto «orizzontali» (areali, geografiche, ma anche «verticali» (sociali e diafasiche, diamesiche ecc. Conseguenza di contatti linguistici sono il bilinguismo e la diglossia (anche coesistenti, fenomeni dovuti a quello che si designa con il termine inglese intercourse. Sono tutti aspetti della vita del linguaggio che si danno in ogni società e ad ogni epoca; eppure, come è risaputo, sono stati più o meno trascurati dalle dottrine linguistiche che studiavano ii linguaggio in vitro, come sistema idealizzato e astratto: neogrammatici, strutturalisti, generativisti.

  2. In difesa del modello IS-LM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. PATINKIN

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The author offers a defence of the IS-LM diagram, first developed by Hicks and recently criticised by some as a misleading analytical device.  JEL Codes: E12Keywords: IS-LM, Hicks

  3. 75 FR 32240 - Notice of Withdrawal of the Notice of Intent for Klingle Road Environmental Impact Statement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ...: Federal Highway Administration, District of Columbia Division: Mr. Michael Hicks, Environmental/Urban... portion of Klingle Road, between Porter Street, NW., and Cortland Place, NW. Based on this...

  4. The Aberdeen Three: Two Decades Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    34" ......... ,.,... ... -__ ..... _.. ..... .... _ ......,. .. _ ..... ........ ,.-....... ... )Ound Orioles, 12-0: lB u< GMTF I’F.VFN, 117·114, T(l RF:ACH NBA F’IN.’\\LS< 1 B SIZZJ Ui --"" ."" .• Probe reported on

  5. Ephedra and Energy Drinks on College Campuses. Infofacts/Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapner, Daniel Ari

    2008-01-01

    The February 2003 death of Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler, who according to the coroner's report died after taking ephedrine alkaloids (ephedra), has garnered national attention for the topic of nutritional supplements and energy drinks. Energy drinks and energy-enhancing pills, diet aids, muscle-enlargers, and other supplements fall…

  6. Government Expenditure on Growth Strategies and Poverty ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    growth strategies in Tanzania have not helped to reduce income poverty .... in poor health, nutrition, and education can lower economic productivity and thereby lead directly and ... poor people in growth process, (Hicks, 1979; Marshall, 1988).

  7. Assessment of Genetic diversity in mutant cowpea lines using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FKOLADE

    2016-11-09

    Nov 9, 2016 ... option of NTSYS, a rooted tree was also generated from the .... Dellarporta SF, Wood J, Hicks JB (1983). ... genetic diversity in Pigeon Pea (Cajanus sp). ... diversity in somatic mutants of grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivar Italia.

  8. 76 FR 26336 - Notice of Final Federal Agency Actions on the Proposed Klingle Valley Trail in Washington, DC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... CONTACT: Federal Highway Administration, District of Columbia Division: Mr. Michael Hicks, Environmental... trail facility within the 0.7 mile barricaded portion of Klingle Road between Porter Street, NW.,...

  9. 75 FR 32239 - Notice of Availability and Notice of Public Hearing for the Environmental Assessment for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... Division: Mr. Michael Hicks, Environmental/Urban Engineer, 1990 K Street, NW., Suite 510, Washington, DC... of Klingle Road between Porter Street, NW., and Cortland Place, NW.; including the restoration...

  10. NONCONFORMING QUADRILATERAL ROTATED Q1 ELEMENT FOR REISSNER-MINDLIN PLATE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Hu; Pingbing Ming; Zhongci Shi

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we extend two rectangular elements for Reissner-Mindlin plate [9] to thequadrilateral case. Optimal H1 and L2 error bounds independent of the plate hickness arederived under a mild assumption on the mesh partition.

  11. Tunnelerede centrale venekatetre til børn med cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Henrik; Malchau, Emma; Larsen, Line Nordahl

    2008-01-01

    foretaget en retrospektiv og prospektiv journalgennemgang med henblik på CVK-type, dato for anlæggelse, barnets alder ved CVK-anlæggelse, diagnose, dato for fjernelse af CVK og årsag til fjernelse. Resultater: Der blev anlagt i alt 155 2-Hick og 86 2-PaC. Det samlede antal CVK-dage var 27.192 for 2-Hick og...

  12. Anmeldelse af Because digital writing matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brok, Lene Storgaard

    2014-01-01

    Digitale teknologier gør en forskel på skriftlig formidling. Anmelselse af Because digital writing matters, Danielle Nicole Devoss, Elyse Eidman Aadahl and Troy Hicks, The National Writing Project, San Fransisco, 2010.......Digitale teknologier gør en forskel på skriftlig formidling. Anmelselse af Because digital writing matters, Danielle Nicole Devoss, Elyse Eidman Aadahl and Troy Hicks, The National Writing Project, San Fransisco, 2010....

  13. Developing Dynamic Reference Models and a Decision Support Framework for Southeastern Ecosystems: An Integrated Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    rates (e.g., see Section 3.5). This is important to note, however, because this assumption could automatically reduce the accuracy of ST-SIM model...polyglottos Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Purple Martin Progne subis Red-bellied...DSS. In addition to facilitating the processing of the field data, the DSS automatically generates standardized and accessible reports that allow

  14. Major League Baseball Anti-Trust Immunity: Examining the Legal and Financial Implications of Relocation Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Nagel, Mark S.; Brown, Matt T.; Rascher, Daniel A.; McEvoy, Chad D.

    2006-01-01

    Major League Baseball (MLB) rules restrict the movement of any franchise into another’s territory. These territorial rules are designed to protect each team’s potential local revenue sources as well as to provide stability throughout the league. Recently, Major League Baseball approved financial compensation for the Washington Nationals’ move into the Baltimore Orioles’ territory – primarily because it was in the best interest of MLB even though it hurt the Orioles. However, the Oakland Athle...

  15. Standardized Relative Quantification of Immunofluorescence Tissue Staining

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Oriol Arqués, Irene Chicote, Stephan Tenbaum, Isabel Puig & Héctor G. Palmer ### Abstract The detection of correlations between the expression levels or sub-cellular localization of different proteins with specific characteristics of human tumors, such as e.g. grade of malignancy, may give important hints of functional associations. Here we describe the method we use for relative quantification of immunofluorescence staining of tumor tissue sections, which allows us to co...

  16. Birds in Human Modified Environments and Bird Damage Control: Social, Economic, and Health Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Methiocarb has also been successfully used to reduce bird damage to fruit: sweet cherries (Guarino et al. 1973, 1974); sour cherries (Guarino et al...during the milk and dough stages of kernel development (Kelly and Dolbeer 1984, Avitrol label). Upon ingestion of 4-AP, blackbirds elicit strong distress...English sparrows Sweet Cherries Finches Sour Cherries Jays Grapes Orioles Robins Methiocarb birds Taste repellent (Registration Corn questionable

  17. Book review: The reality of environmental refugees or displaced people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Martín Cubel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Reviewed books: Castillo, Jesús M. Migraciones ambientales: Huyendo de la crisis ecológica en el siglo xxi. Virus editorial, 2011. 110 págs. Solà Pardell, Oriol Desplazados Medioambientales: Una nueva realidad Universidad de Deusto, DeustoDigital, 2012. 116 págs. Rodier, Claire El negocio de la xenofobia: ¿Para qué sirven los controles migratorios? Clave intelectual, 2013. 147 págs.

  18. Development of a Lightweight, Portable, Minimally-Invasive Sensor for the Multi-Site Determination and Quantitation of Physiologic Lactate. Phase 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-01

    mediators and that do not require oxygen for their operation. Enzyme based biosensors originated in the work of Updike and Hicks 14 (based on the results...hypotensive and cardiac arrest patients: A prospective study. Abstract sent from Johns Hopkins to Cedar Sinai Hospital, 1993. Not published. ’Henning...Heller, A. Accounts of Chemical Research 1990, 23, 128-134. 14 Updike , S.J. and Hicks, G.P. Nature (London) 1967, 214, 986-988. ’" Clark, L.C. Jr. and

  19. 读书(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The Comfort Women: Japan's Brutal Regime of Enforced Prostitution in the Second World War《二次世界大战期间被日本残暴政权强逼为娼的慰安妇》Author: George Hicks Publisher: W. W. Norton "George Hicks has delivered a work that is worth taking seriously, not only for its data regarding events decades behind us, but also as part of the campaign to uncover the truth about the Japanese army's actions."- Leonard Bushkoff, Asian Wall Street Journal Weekly

  20. Naval War College Review. Volume 64, Number 4, Autumn 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    155 The Emperor’s Handbook: A New Translation of the Meditations , by Marcus Aurelius, translated by C. Scot Hicks and David V. Hicks reviewed by...unlikely to be true in a military campaign. S C H R O D E N 9 3 FIGURE 1 SAMPLE ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK FM 5-0, app . H. MOE measure of effectiveness...Handbook: A New Translation of the Meditations . New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002. 150pp. $22 Whether or not the first-century Ro- man emperor Marcus

  1. Science and Technology: The Making of the Air Force Research Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    to E-mai l or phone h im anyt ime I reached an impasse in the research or writ ing. I took him up on that offer by frequently pestering him to...in research. —Gen Henry H. “Hap” Arnold I t was a perfect night for baseball on 9 October 1996. The power -laden Balt imore Orioles had come to...Wright-Patterson AFB 7. Material Lab, Wright-Patterson AFB 8. Aero Propulsion and Power Lab, Wright-Patterson AFB 9. Air Force Armament Lab, Eglin

  2. Quantitative Procedure to Analyze Nuclear β-Catenin Using Immunofluorescence Tissue Staining

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Oriol Arqués, Irene Chicote, Stephan Tenbaum, Isabel Puig & Héctor G. Palmer ### Abstract The analysis of the amounts of several proteins, which are found in different sub-cellular compartments, by immunofluorescence can be affected by artifacts that need to be detected and, if possible, corrected. In the case of nuclear β-catenin, its detection is usually affected by the signal obtained from the plasma membrane of the cells (which contain the most abundant pool of the b...

  3. Vasquismo e internacionalismo en la obra de Peña Ganchegui

    OpenAIRE

    González Capitel, Antón

    2007-01-01

    El arquitecto guipuzcoano Luis Peña Ganchegui nació en Oñate en 1926 y se tituló en la Escuela de Arquitectura de Madrid en 1959. Fue la suya una promoción muy significativa, con Fernando Higueras,] osé Antonio Ridruejo, Miguel Oriol, Eduardo lvIangada, CarIas Ferrán,]avier Feduchi, Emilio Chinarro... Muy cerca de la de 196r, con Rafael Moneo,Juan Daniel Fullaondo, Dionisia Hernández Gil)" .. Todos ellos eran posteriores a Carvajal y a Fernándcz Alba, y bastantes estaban ...

  4. Living as if God exists : Looking for a Common Ground in Times of Radical Pluralism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkers, P.H.A.I.

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a comment on some metaphysical and epistemological claims of (critical) theological realism from the perspective of continental philosophy of religion, thereby taking the work of Soskice and Hick as paradigmatic for this kind of philosophical theology. The first comment regards the

  5. 78 FR 51275 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ..., Privacy, Governmental Liaison and Disclosure (PGLD) James P. Clifford, Director, Compliance (W&I) Debra A..., Criminal Investigation (CI) Shenita L. Hicks, Director, Examination (SB/SE) Debra S. Holland, Deputy... Information Officer (IT) Debra L. Nelson, Director, Management Services (IT) Nina E. Olson, National...

  6. 76 FR 42631 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List Pinus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ..., Washington 21 Shoal (2007). 2008 Mt. Rainier, North Cascades... 31 Rochefort (2008). 2008 Greater Yellowstone... Hicke and Logan (2009). Canada 1997 British Columbia 21 Campbell (1998); Campbell and Antos (2003). 2001... C, Predation) (Logan et al. 2003, p. 130; Logan et al. 2010, p. 896). At epidemic levels, mountain...

  7. Romanticism, Representations of Religion and Critical Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, L. Philip; Wright, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    Geoff Teece has recently (in "BJRE", 27, 2005, pp. 29-40) come to the defence of modern religious education and contended that many of the criticisms brought against it are based on mistaken interpretations. More particularly, Teece accuses Andrew Wright of misinterpreting the position of Professor John Hick and of failing to appreciate…

  8. Ljubov, smert i nemnogo shafrannogo soussa / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Armastuse retsept" ("No Reservations") : režissöör Scott Hicks : peaosades Catherine Zeta-Jones, Aaron Eckhart, Abigail Breslin : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Film on saksa menufilmi "Bella Martha" (2001, režii Martina Gedeck) uusversioon

  9. Kulinaarne armastuslugu / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Armastuse retsept" ("No Reservations") : režissöör Scott Hicks : peaosades Catherine Zeta-Jones, Aaron Eckhart : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Film on saksa menufilmi "Bella Martha" (2001, režii Martina Gedeck) uusversioon

  10. Foot lengthening and shortening during gait: a parameter to investigate foot function?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolwijk, N.M.; Koenraadt, K.L.M.; Louwerens, J.W.; Grim, D.; Duysens, J.E.J.; Keijsers, N.L.W.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Based on the windlass mechanism theory of Hicks, the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) flattens during weight bearing. Simultaneously, foot lengthening is expected. However, changes in foot length during gait and the influence of walking speed has not been investigated yet. METHODS: The

  11. Antimicrobial Peptides Containing Unnatural Amino Acid Exhibit Potent Bactericidal Activity against ESKAPE Pathogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    bacterial strains as previously reported by Hicks and co-workers45 Bacteria Compound 23 64 61 Yersinia pestis C092 500 62.5 32.2 Brucella melitensis...16M 500 125 125 Brucella abortus 2308 500 62.5 125 Francisella tularensis 250 0.04 125 Burkholderia mallei 500 0.04 500 Burkholderia pseudomallei 500

  12. Global Characterization of Protein-Altering Mutations in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Abnormalities Strongly Correlate with Changes at the Expression Level and Suggest Functional Interactions between AR, PTEN and TMPRSS2/ ERG Chaux et...prostate cancer. J Urol 170: 1817–1821. 34. Chaux A, Albadine R, Toubaji A, Hicks J, Meeker A, et al. (2011) Immunohistochemistry for ERG expression

  13. A Strategic Market Game with Transactions Costs,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-30

    Hahn, F. M. (1971), "Equilibrium with Transaction Cost ," Econo- metrica, 39, 417-439. [91 Hicks, J. R. (1938), Value and Capital, Oxford University...of an Exchange Economy with Transaction Cost ," International Economic Review, 15, 699-717. [12] Kurz, M. (1974b), "Equilibrium with Transaction Costs

  14. Foot lengthening and shortening during gait: a parameter to investigate foot function?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolwijk, N.M.; Koenraadt, K.L.M.; Louwerens, J.W.; Grim, D.; Duysens, J.E.J.; Keijsers, N.L.W.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Based on the windlass mechanism theory of Hicks, the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) flattens during weight bearing. Simultaneously, foot lengthening is expected. However, changes in foot length during gait and the influence of walking speed has not been investigated yet. METHODS: The f

  15. Channels: Runtime System Infrastructure for Security-typed Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    Department of the Air Force contract number FA8750-07-2- 0036. The U.S. Government has for itself and others acting on its behalf an unlimited, paid-up...8] B. Hicks, S. Rueda , T. Jaeger, and P. McDaniel. From trusted to secure: Building and executing applications that enforce system security. In

  16. Problem Solvers: Solutions--The Inaugural Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dause, Emily

    2014-01-01

    Fourth graders in Miss Dause's and Mrs. Hicks's mathematics classes at South Mountain Elementary School in Dillsburg, Pennsylvania, worked with the data from the Inauagural Address problem that was previously published published in the February 2013 issue of "Teaching Children Mathematics". This activity allowed students to showcase…

  17. Uma discussão sobre o lugar do caipira no futura da República

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo da Costa Ferreira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper intend to discuss about how the hicks had their social place constructed during the first Brazilians Republic. For this issue, texts of Amadeu Amaral, Cornélio Pires and Monteiro Lobato were took to be observed.

  18. Romanticism, Representations of Religion and Critical Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, L. Philip; Wright, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    Geoff Teece has recently (in "BJRE", 27, 2005, pp. 29-40) come to the defence of modern religious education and contended that many of the criticisms brought against it are based on mistaken interpretations. More particularly, Teece accuses Andrew Wright of misinterpreting the position of Professor John Hick and of failing to appreciate…

  19. The Ethics behind Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wight, Jonathan B.

    2017-01-01

    The normative elements underlying efficiency are more complex than generally portrayed and rely upon ethical frameworks that are generally absent from classroom discussions. Most textbooks, for example, ignore the ethical differences between Pareto efficiency (based on voluntary win-win outcomes) and the modern Kaldor-Hicks efficiency used in…

  20. Why Personality and Psychopathology Are Correlated : A Developmental Perspective Is a First Step but More Is Needed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormel, Johan; Laceulle, Odilia M.; Jeronimus, Bertus F.

    2014-01-01

    Durbin and Hicks concluded in their paper on personality-psychopathology relationships that the field is stagnant. Their remedy is the developmental perspective. We agree this is definitely one (already ongoing!) way forward. However, some of their judgments were overstated, while their proposal neg

  1. 76 FR 71890 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Payment of Expenses Connected With the Death of Certain Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... Special Agent Samuel Hicks Families of Fallen Heroes Act, codified at 5 U.S.C. 5724d, to allow agencies to... to an alternate residence destination? Yes, if the head of the agency concerned (or a designee...] RIN 3090-AJ21 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Payment of Expenses Connected With the Death of...

  2. Predicting live and dead basal area in bark beetle-affected forests from discrete-return LiDAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew T. Hudak; Ben Bright; Jose Negron; Robert McGaughey; Hans-Erik Andersen; Jeffrey A. Hicke

    2012-01-01

    Recent bark beetle outbreaks in western North America have been widespread and severe. High tree mortality due to bark beetles affects the fundamental ecosystem processes of primary production and decomposition that largely determine carbon balance (Kurz et al. 2008, Pfeifer et al. 2011, Hicke et al. 2012). Forest managers need accurate data on beetle-induced tree...

  3. La teoría del consumidor: enfoques alternativos.

    OpenAIRE

    Eloy, Ávalos

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we present four alternative approaches to consumer theory of Hicks - Allen. Be developed revealed preference approach of Samuelson, the lexicographical preferences, the preferences of the characteristics of the goods of Lancaster and finally the focus of consumption and time allocation of Becker.

  4. Non-marginal cost-benefit analysis and the tyranny of discounting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeylen, K.

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses the Kaldor-Hicks compensation principle to compute the present value (PV) of a non-marginal future event. Three theoretical results stand out: First, decreasing returns to capital create a wedge between the PV of future generations' willingness to pay (WTP) and the PV of their

  5. Decreasing returns to capital, the willingness to pay and the willingness to accept compensation, and the limits of cost-benefit analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeylen, K.

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses the Kaldor-Hicks compensation principle to compute the present discounted value (PDV) of a non-marginal future event. Three theoretical results stand out: First, decreasing returns to capital create a wedge between the PDV of future generations' willingness to pay (WTP) and the PDV

  6. Kulinaarne armastuslugu / Jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Armastuse retsept" ("No Reservations") : režissöör Scott Hicks : peaosades Catherine Zeta-Jones, Aaron Eckhart : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Film on saksa menufilmi "Bella Martha" (2001, režii Martina Gedeck) uusversioon

  7. Ljubov, smert i nemnogo shafrannogo soussa / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Armastuse retsept" ("No Reservations") : režissöör Scott Hicks : peaosades Catherine Zeta-Jones, Aaron Eckhart, Abigail Breslin : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Film on saksa menufilmi "Bella Martha" (2001, režii Martina Gedeck) uusversioon

  8. 77 FR 74730 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ...) Charles M. Dunn (AL) Victor B. Hawks (VA) Gary T. Hicks (NC) Robert T. Hill (AL) John C. McLaughlin (SD... granted will not compromise safety. The Agency has concluded that granting these exemption renewals will... Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except...

  9. El mundo de la macroeconomía: perspectiva general y concepciones originarias

    OpenAIRE

    Febrero Devesa, Ramón

    1996-01-01

    Reflexión sobre el significado de la macroeconomía, sobre sus proposiciones básicas y sobre el origen de esta literatura, destacando los rasgos que han caracterizado la evolución del pensamiento económico a través del "modelo clásico" de Keynes-Hicks-Modigliani.

  10. A Lesson in Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnt, Marlene

    2004-01-01

    This article describes one classroom's experience integrating a three-part lesson that focused on tolerance. In the lesson, students examined works by American folk-art painter Edward Hicks, researched quotes about tolerance in society, and applied calligraphy skills to an original composition.

  11. 77 FR 68202 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ...) Delbert R. Bays (KY) Larry D. Brown (MD) Donald O. Clopton (AL) Stephen R. Daugherty (IN) Ronald W. Garner (WA) Paul A. Gregerson (IA) Herman Hicks (GA) Nelson V. Jaramillo (MA) Larry D. Johnson (IL) James A.... Paul (LA) Stephen P. Preslopsky (FL) Kevin L. Quastad (IA) Melinda V. Salas (CA) Patrick W. Shea...

  12. Philip Glass, Scott Walker ja Sigur Ros! / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde 11. filmifestivali muusikafilme - Austraalia "Glass: Philipi portree 12 osas" (rež. Scott Hicks), Islandi "Sigur Ros kodus" (rež. Dean DeBois), Suurbritannia "Scott Walker: 30 Century Man" (rež. Stephen Kijak)

  13. Inhibitors for Androgen Receptor Activation Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    support from UCSF and the Sandler Research Founda- tion. We thank J. Williams, M. Uehara- Bingen , B. Wolff, and L. Hicks for their help with the HTS and...C. Ocasio for assistance in cell culture and the TH competition assay. REFERENCES 1. Yen, P. M. (2001) Physiol. Rev. 81, 1097–1142 2. Malm, J. (2004

  14. The Influence of Natural User Experience on Information Laws

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eglė Švedaitė

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the main cause of user experience on development methods and laws, including Fitt’s Law, Hick-Hyman Law, Accot’s Law, Gestalt Law, proximity, similarity, closure, continuity, figure and ground, simplicity, symmetry and experience.Article in Lithuanian

  15. Philip Glass, Scott Walker ja Sigur Ros! / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde 11. filmifestivali muusikafilme - Austraalia "Glass: Philipi portree 12 osas" (rež. Scott Hicks), Islandi "Sigur Ros kodus" (rež. Dean DeBois), Suurbritannia "Scott Walker: 30 Century Man" (rež. Stephen Kijak)

  16. 75 FR 39678 - Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing....: 13163-000. c. Date filed: April 3, 2008. d. Applicant: Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC. e. Name of.... Hicks, Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC, 9050 Pine Creek Road, Bishop, CA 93514, phone (760) 387-2080....

  17. 75 FR 66079 - Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application..., 2010. On November 9, 2009, Bishop Tungsten Development, LLC filed an application for a preliminary... be 26,300,000 kilowatt-hours. Applicant Contact: Douglas A. Hicks, Bishop Tungsten Development,...

  18. Effects of directional uncertainty on visually-guided joystick pointing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berryhill, Marian; Kveraga, Kestutis; Hughes, Howard C

    2005-02-01

    Reaction times generally follow the predictions of Hick's law as stimulus-response uncertainty increases, although notable exceptions include the oculomotor system. Saccadic and smooth pursuit eye movement reaction times are independent of stimulus-response uncertainty. Previous research showed that joystick pointing to targets, a motor analog of saccadic eye movements, is only modestly affected by increased stimulus-response uncertainty; however, a no-uncertainty condition (simple reaction time to 1 possible target) was not included. Here, we re-evaluate manual joystick pointing including a no-uncertainty condition. Analysis indicated simple joystick pointing reaction times were significantly faster than choice reaction times. Choice reaction times (2, 4, or 8 possible target locations) only slightly increased as the number of possible targets increased. These data suggest that, as with joystick tracking (a motor analog of smooth pursuit eye movements), joystick pointing is more closely approximated by a simple/choice step function than the log function predicted by Hick's law.

  19. Teach Ourselves: Social Networks for CS Stem Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    and were able to provide feedback on their peers’ work. Results indicated that although students were capable of writing quality problems, they were...providing feedback to the student about what needed to be modified. When the teacher approved a problem the student could publish it, making it...and Thomas Hicks for their work to develop the Teach Ourselves web application, Jane Strohm for her work with teachers and students , and Lauren

  20. Terrebonne Parish-Wide Forced Drainage System, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    studies in relation to photosynthesis in the Laguna Madre of Texas . Publ. Inst. Mar. Sci., Univ. of Tex., 8: 1-22. Hicks, S.D. 1978. An average geopotential...Dripping Springs, Texas Wildlife Management Institute, Washington, District of Columbia Others Gulf of Mexico Fishing Management Council, Tampa...4, No. 3. Darnell, R.M. 1958. Food habits of fishes and larger invertebrates of Lake Pontchartrain, Louisiana, an estuarine community. Publ. Texas

  1. A Complete Characterization of Potential Compensation Tests of Hicksian Welfare Measures

    OpenAIRE

    Donald Keenan; Arthur Snow

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, the authors present complete characterizations of the compensation tests for potential Pareto superiority proposed by Kaldor, Hicks, and Samuelson in terms of the aggregate Hicksian measures of income compensation, including compensating and equivalent variations. The key to obtaining these characterizations lies in recognizing that each potential compensation test entails a search over possible outcomes, rather than a comparison of only the new and original outcomes, as with s...

  2. 経済的利益概念の展開 : 1980年代までの議論を中心にして

    OpenAIRE

    角ヶ谷, 典幸

    2006-01-01

    In an earlier paper, I pointed out that Fisher, Lindahl, and Hicks contributed to the formation of the concept of economic income, and that Canning and Alexander contributed to its establishment. Moreover, although not generally asserted, I pointed out that two genealogies were born through the process of the development of the economic income concept. One is the Fisher-Canning genealogy characterized by economics-based monism ("colonization of accounting by economics"), and the other is the ...

  3. Efficacy of 2-APB (2-Aminoethyldiphenylborate) in Rescuing Neurons After Soman-Induced Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-08-01

    processing, respectively. H&E stained brain sections were assessed for classical histopathological damage to the piriform cortex. Damage was scored...staining (i.e., necrosis [Ballough et al., 1995; Hicks et al., 1995]) in piriform cortex and contiguous brain regions (e.g., amygdaloid nuclei and...perirhinal cortex) was performed according to the procedure of Ballough et al. (1995). Previous studies have shown that the piriform cortex (with

  4. A Proposal for Implementation of Commercial Activity Program in Republic of Korea: Army Maintenance Depot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    formulated by Vilfredo Pareto is the best known social welfare criterion. Pareto argued that any change in the economy is desirable if at least one...and the Kaldor-Hicks criterion. 1. Unanimity Unanimity can be explained by the concept of Pareto Optimality. The Pareto Optimality concept that was...person (in his own judgement) is better off because of the change and no one else is made worse off by it. 4,44 -,., The Pareto Optimality concept is

  5. Monitoring the Healing of Combat Wounds Using Raman Spectroscopic Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    wound pres- sure therapy was applied to the wounds between surgical debridements, as the per current standard practice at NNMC.3 All wounds were examined...JA, Nazemi J, Lyons J, Hicks D, Fitzmaurice M, Dasari RR, Crowe JP, Feld MS. In vivo margin assessment during partial mastectomy breast sur- gery...hypertrophic scar based on two-photon excited fluorescence and second- harmonic generation. Br J Dermatol 2009; 161: 48–55. 25. Livak KJ, Schmittgen

  6. Operation Brain Trauma Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    investigators. This included resveratrol , N-acetylcysteine, necrostatin, INO-1001, glibenclamide, AER 271, edaravone, melatonin, fluoxetine, amphetamine...significantly ameliorates cortical damage following traumatic brain injury. Exp Neurol. 2000;161:631-637. 34. Sullivan PG, Rabchevsky AG , Hicks RR, et al...Berges L. Dependency of cyclosporine tissue distribution and metabolism on the age and gender of rats after a single intravenous dose. Internat J

  7. An Analysis of the Substitution Effect and of Revenue Effect in the Case of the Consumer’s Theory Provided with a CES Utility Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin Angelo Ioan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In the consumer’s theory, a crucial problem is to determine the substitution effect and therevenue effect in the case of one good price’s modifing. There exists two theories due to John RichardHicks and Eugen Slutsky which allocates differentsshares of the total change of the consumption tothese effects. The paper makes an analysis betweenthe two effects, considering the general case of aCES utility function and introduces three indicators which will characterize these shares.

  8. Naval Medical paper-less office : the way of the future

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    This thesis studied the paper-less office concept in the naval medical community. A paper-less office is defined as an "environment where the transmission, storage, and retrieval of information is not done through the medium of paper; rather, it is done through electronic data networks (Hicks, 1997)." The hypotheses were constructed in the following manner: The greater the resource, leadership, technology, etc. the higher the probability of success in creating a paper-less office." Data was g...

  9. Expeditionary Border Security Operations: Eliminating the Seams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-22

    Makarenko , “Transnational crime and its evolving links to terrorism and instability,” Jane’s Intelligence Review, (November 2001) 22. 18 Hicks and...Trans Sahel (TS) region in Africa to determine the threat from what Tamara Makarenko calls the Crime-Terror-Continuum (CTC). The important aspect of the...28 Williams and Savona, 37. 29 Tamara Makarenko , “The Crime-Terror Continuum: Tracing the Interplay between Transnational Organized Crime and

  10. Women and Military Service: A History, Analysis, and Overview of Key Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-11-01

    Women in the Military. ed. Wendy Chapkls (Washington. D.C.: Transnational Institute. 1981). 31-35. 26. Stiehm. 224-27. 27. See Stiehm. 149: and M. C...Military. ed. Wendy Chapkls (Washington, D.C.: Transnational Institute. 1981). 31-35. 3. Judith Hicks Stiehm, Arms and the Enlisted Woman (Philadelphia...Report on Women and the Military 6. no. I (Spring 1988): 29-43: see also Stiehm. 208. 12. Brian Mitchell. Weak Link: The Feminization of the American

  11. Thinking Muhammad Legenhausen's Non-Reductive Pluralism Through: Some Reflections about its Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STEFANO BIGLIARDI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most vibrant contemporary philosophical debates concerns the definition, and defence, of religious pluralism. The philosophers who address such a topic usually hold widely divergent views regarding its exact definition and the arguments through which it can be upheld. The absence of a general consensus notwithstanding, the debate on religious pluralism has ‘de facto’ become an important area of dialogue between different religions in general, and between Christianity and Islam in particular. At stake in the present paper is the discussion of pluralism developed by the US-American-Persian philosopher Muhammad (Gary Carl Legenhausen (b. 1953, that he presents as a criticism of the views of the late British theologian John Harwood Hick (1922-2012. Hick developed his views mainly influenced by Christianity, yet he also took into account some ideas advanced by Muslim authors. Legenhausen, a convert to Islam, puts forth his own version of pluralism in the framework of a discussion of the concept as it has emerged within Christianity, and advances a refutation of Hick's view complementary to his own theory of pluralism. The aim of the present pages is to offer an overview of Legenhausen’s contribution and discuss some of its possible implications and premises. In other words, rather than producing a defence of Legenhausen’s theory, this study is to analyse the logic behind and beyond his specific ‘Muslim proposal’ and explain what some of its unstated premises might be, as well as the consequences of fully embracing such stance, for philosophers, – not only Muslims ones –, interested in understanding religion from a religious point of view and in advocating that religious differences should not turn into a reason of animosity. The paper is divided into two main sections. The first one reconstructs Legenhausen's version of religious pluralism, while especially recalling the points with which it is presented as clashing with

  12. Problem-Based Learning: Instructor Characteristics, Competencies, and Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    August, 14-20. Pinnell , G. S . (1987, Winter). Helping teachers see how readers read: Staff development through observation. Theory into Practice...66(9), S79-S81. Williams, S . M. (1992). Putting case -based instruction into context: Examples from legal and medical education. The Journal of...the Army Dynamics Research Corp Technical review by Pamela Hicks, G-3/5/7, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Peter S . Schaefer, U.S

  13. The Application of Magnesium(I) Compounds to Energy Storage Materials - Phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    A. Stasch, A.F. Richards and C. Jones, Organometallics , 2011, 30, 5543-5550. 2. A Digermyne with a Ge-Ge Single Bond that Activates Dihydrogen...and Aminogermylene Complexes, J. Hicks, T.J. Hadlington, C. Schenk, J. Li and C. Jones, Organometallics , 2013, 32, 323-329. 8. Synthesis and...Inaccessible: Magnesium(I) Compounds as Specialist Reducing Agents for the Organometallic Chemist", Invited Keynote Lecture, ICOMC, Lisbon, Portugal, September

  14. Exporting and labor demand: Micro-level evidence from Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Lichter, Andreas; Peichl, Andreas; Siegloch, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    It is widely believed that globalization increases the volatility of employment and decreases the bargaining power of workers. One mechanism explaining this relationship is given by the long-standing Hicks-Marshall laws of derived demand: with international trade increasing competition and therefore the price elasticity of product demand, exporters are predicted to have higher labor demand elasticities. Our paper is the first to test this relationship empirically by analyzing the effects of e...

  15. Final Environmental Assessment for the Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan for Edwards Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Ocean by the Coastal Range to the west and the San Gabriel Mountains to the south. The MDAB has an arid continental desert climate. The climate of...River Indian Tribes Beverly Folks Pauline Gallegos FINAL July 2005 70 ICRMP EA Ernie Garcia , Tejon Indian Tribe Christine Hernandez Lucille Hicks...Band of Mission Indians Deron Marquez , San Manuel Band of Mission Indians Kathy Morgan, Tejon Indian Tribe George Murillo, San Manuel Band of

  16. Review of Army Food Related Operations in Hot Desert Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    Hypernatremia, Azotemia, and Dehydration Due to High-Protein Tube Feeding, Ann. Intern. Med., 68, 778-791, 1968. 33. Lehninger , A.L., Biochemistry , 1970, Worth...beverages should be carefully avoided. The best principle is "no alcohol before sunset." (f) As wide a variety as possible shoiuld be atteupted in the...29. Stryer, L., Biochemistry , 1988, W.H. Fresman and Ccmlny, New York. 30. Paraira, M.D., Conrad, E.J., Hicks, W., and Elman, R., Therapeutic

  17. Pathological and Pathophysiological Alterations in Temporal Lobe Structures After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-31

    85. Farovik A, Dupont LM, Eichenbaum H. 2010. Distinct roles for dorsal CA3 and CAI in memory for sequential nonspatial events. Learning & memory 17...levels in the cerebral cortex following experimental brain trauma in rats. Journal of neurotrauma 16:501-10 129. Hicks RR, Martin VB, Zhang L...rat basolateral amygdala. Journal of neurophysiology 70:2056-65 324. Wood ER, Dudchenko PA, Eichenbaum H. 1999. The global record of memory in

  18. Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership: A Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    influence that culture, and how to build healthy, resilient , learning organizations that are equal to the challenges ahead. The successful strategic leader...Critical Thinking. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2008. 150pp. (BC177 .F69 2008) Hicks, Douglas A. With God on All Sides: Leadership in a Devout...March-April 2007): 86-93. ProQuest Bales, Stephen H. " Burnout : Staff Exhaustion." Military Review 88 (July-August 2009): 82-86. ProQuest

  19. 17 años de “Tribus urbanas”

    OpenAIRE

    Magallón Martínez, Roberto Carlos

    2013-01-01

    El presente artículo presenta las entrevistas realizadas a los autores del libro “Tribus Urbanas: El ansia de identidad juvenil: entre el culto a la imagen y la autoafirmación a través de la violencia”, los profesores de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Pere Oriol Costa, José Manuel Pérez Tornero, Fabio Tropea y Charo Lacalle. Resume así las opiniones de éstos sobre una posible evolución en el comportamiento y el ser de las tribus urbanas a 17 años de la publicación del libro. The fol...

  20. Discursive rewriting of terrorism in contemporary Spanish cinema: Ocho apellidos vascos (2014 and La revolución de los ángeles (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanjo Bermúdez de Castro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The year 2014 saw the release of two films on the topic of terrorism from a perspective not yet adopted in Spanish fictional works: the comedy Ocho apellidos vascos, by Emilio Martínez-Lázaro, and La revolución de los ángeles, the social drama depicting the terrorist as a social activist, by Javier Silvestre, Oriol Clavell and Marc Barbena. This article explores the ways in which both approaches move away from more traditional forms of representing terrorism, such as the thriller or the emotional tribute to the victims, and to what extent the success of both films is a result of their unique perspectives on the question of terrorism.

  1. STEAMakers- a global initiative to connect STEM career professionals with the public to inspire the next generation and nurture a creative approach to science, technology, maths & engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Niamh; Sorkhabi, Elburz; Gasquez, Oriol; Yajima, Saho

    2016-04-01

    STEAMakers is a global initiative founded by Niamh Shaw, Elburz Sorkhabi, Oriol Gasquez & Saho Yajima, four alumni of The International Space University's Space Studies Programme 2015 who each shared a vision to inspire the next generation to embrace science, technology, engineering & maths (STEM) in new ways, by embedding the Arts within STEM, putting the 'A' in STEAM. STEAMakers invited STEM professionals around the world to join their community, providing training and a suite of STEAM events, specially designed to encourage students to perceive science, technology, engineering & maths as a set of tools with which to create, design, troubleshoot, innovate, and imagine. The ultimate goal of STEAMakers is to grow this community and create a global culture of non-linear learning among the next generation, to nurture within them a new multidisciplinary mindset and incubate new forms of innovation and thought leadership required for the future through the power of inspiration and creativity.

  2. A trajectória da prevançao às drogas no Brasil: do proibicionismo à reduçao de danos e seus reflexos nas políticas locais

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Trad, Sergio do Nascimento

    2010-01-01

    RESUMEN La investigación analizó el control y la regulación del uso de drogas en el Brasil – donde se confrontan los modelos de abstinencia y de Reducción de Daños - y sus implicaciones para las políticas y prácticas locales. El marco teórico apoyase en el enfoque socio-cultural del fenómeno de las drogas a partir de Oriol Romaní, Howard Becker, Norbert Elias e Roger Chartier. La metodología articuló la investigación histórica, basada en análisis documental, y el estudio etnográfico en tre...

  3. Wind and earthquake analysis of spire of cimborio of Barcelona cathedral

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed Elyamani Ali Mohamed

    2009-01-01

    La Catedral de Barcelona es uno de los monumentos más importantes no sólo en España sino también en todo el mundo. La construcción de la Catedral gótica empezó en 1298 bajo el reinado de Jaume II y en 1460 se completó la construcción del edificio principal. Los dos arquitectos Joseph Oriol Mestres y August Font y Carreras completaron la construcción de la fachada gótica en 1889 y de la aguja central en 1913, siguiendo el mismo diseño propuesto anteriormente por el arquitecto fr...

  4. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various authors

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Elisabeth Bronfen. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Feminity and the Aesthetic by Lisa Maruca Jacques Dupin: Selected Poems . (Translated by Paul Auster, Stephen Romer, and David Shipiro. by Maryann De Julio Carolyn A. Durham. The Contexture of Feminism: Marie Cardinal and Multicultural Literacy by Yolanda Astarita Patterson Mike Gonzalez and David Treece. The Gathering of Voices: The Twentieth-Century Poetry of Latin America by Steven F. White Emily D. Hicks. Border Writing: The Multidimensional Text by Roselyn Constantino Robin Régine. Socialist Realism: An Impossible Aesthetic by Peter Hitchcock Kari Weil. Androgyny and the Denial of Difference by Brigitte Roussel

  5. Solution to the Riemann problem for a five-equation model of multiphase flows in non-conservative form

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SAHADEB KUILA; T RAJA SEKHAR; G C SHIT

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we consider the Riemann problem for a five-equation, two-pressure (5E2P) model proposed by Ransom and Hicks for an isentropic compressible gas–liquid two-phase flows. The model is given by a strictly hyperbolic, non-conservative system of five partial differential equations (PDEs). We investigate the structure of the Riemann problem and construct an approximate solution for it. We solve the Riemann problemfor this model approximately assuming that all waves corresponding to the genuinely nonlinear characteristic fields are rarefaction and discuss their properties. To verify the solver, a series of test problems selected from the literature are presented.

  6. The new frontier of religion and science religious experience, neuroscience, and the transcendent

    CERN Document Server

    Hick, J

    2006-01-01

    If you take for granted the widespread assumption of our culture that matter constitutes the totality of reality, this book will challenge that assumption. The pervasive materialist or physicalist presupposition of so much thinking is not scientifically established but is a basic article of naturalistic faith. Professor Hick argues that the widely held belief that consciousness is identical with or a by-product of the functioning of the brain is unsustainable. There is non-physical as well as physical reality. It is entirely possible that there is a divine realm transcending the material unive

  7. Molecular Profiling of Intraductal Carcinoma of the Prostate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    cancer patients. Clin Cancer Res. 2011;17:6563–6573. 20. Chaux A, Albadine R, Toubaji A, et al. Immunohistochemistry for ERG expression as a surrogate...PTEN loss occurs subsequent to ERG gene fusion. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2013;16:209–215. 25. Chaux A, Peskoe SB, Gonzalez-Roibon N, et al. Loss...Cancer. 2012;118(24):6063-71. 40 Lotan et al 23 12. Chaux A, Peskoe SB, Gonzalez-Roibon N, Schultz L, Albadine R, Hicks J, et al. Loss of PTEN

  8. 74 Microeconomics The Complete Theory of Cobb-Douglas Production Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin Angelo Ioan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper treats various aspects concerning the Cobb-Douglas production function. On the one hand were highlighted conditions for the existence of the Cobb-Douglas function. Also were calculated the main indicators of it and short and long-term costs. It has also been studied the dependence of long-term cost of the parameters of the production function. The determination of profit was made both for perfect competition market and maximizes its conditions. Also we have studied the effects of Hicks and Slutsky and the production efficiency problem

  9. Proceedings of the US-Japan Workshop on Advanced Plasma Modeling II Held in Nagoya, Japan on March 23-27, 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    nearly equal to I in both cases. Figure 13 is the stability diagram in the (qa,qo/qa) plane for approximated current profile to that realized in the...top or bottom of plasma poloidal plane in Fig.8 for q,0 -1.95 without limiter(broken line) and with limiter(solid line’ The negative surface current...S., KITSUNEZAKI, A., Nucl. Fusion 22 (1982) 409. (3) WADDEL, B.V., CARRERAS , B., HICKS, H.R., HOLMES, J.A., LEE, D.K., Phys. Rev. Lett. 41 (1978) 1368

  10. LA FRONTERA DE CRISTAL: UN TEXTO FRONTERIZO

    OpenAIRE

    Herra Monge, Mayra

    2011-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es el de demostrar que La frontera de Cristal (Carlos Fuentes, 1995) es un texto fronterizo, tanto desde la perspectiva del contenido como desde el punto de vista de la forma. El artículo aplica conceptos tomados de las teorías de Gloria Anzaldua, Emily Hicks y Walter Mignolo, con el fin de demostrar que el autor, los estilos de escritura e incluso la construcción tipográfica del texto, convierten las nueve historias cortas que constituyen esta novela en e...

  11. Liquidity creation and risk in the international monetary system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. DINI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article looks at how the present financial system works, signalling out its most crucial function, namely the provision of liquidity and its impact on the broad spectrum of international financial variables. Liquidity and risk are closely interrelated concepts. As Keynes and Hicks taught, a meaningful definition of liquidity cannot be given without reference to risk itself. The author provides some considerations to help shed light on the policy actions that may be required to mitigate the problems and difficulties associated with the current international monetary setting.

  12. The Substitution and the Revenue Effects for a Cobb-Douglas Utility Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin Angelo IOAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the consumer’s theory, a crucial problem is to determine the substitution effect and the revenue effect in the case of one good price’s modifing. There exists two theories due to John Richard Hicks and Eugen Slutsky which allocates differents shares of the total change of the consumption to these effects. The paper makes an analysis between the two effects, considering the general case of a Cobb-Douglas utility function and introduces three indicators which will characterize these shares.

  13. A Model for Assessment of Dynamic Interaction Between Magnetically Levitated Vehicles and Their Supporting Guideways

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-07-01

    34 herein. C C c CHARACTER *72 OUTFILE INTEGER *4 NUMGRP, NUMROW REAL *8 BOGLNTH, BOGHT, V, THICK,NORMAL, ZF(IOO),ZB(IO0), + READAR(2,81 ), DELF c c...READAR(1,numcol)) Tdif= (READAR(2, I)-READAR(1, 1)) delF = Fdif/Tdif*(TIME(1)-READAR( 1,1)) IF( delf .GE. 0.) then F-READAR(1,numcol)+ delf ELSE F=READAR(2...numcol)+ delf END IF C C Next, get F in terms of pressure c 50 IF(JLTYP. EQ. 20) THEN F= F/(BOGInth*BOGHT) else F=F/(BOGinth*BOGHT*rHICK) END IF C

  14. A theoretical framework for TTO valuations of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckingham, Ken; Devlin, Nancy

    2006-10-01

    This paper proposes a theoretical framework, drawing on Hicks utility theory, for the Time Trade-off (TTO) method conventionally used to value health states. We briefly describe that theory and posit four distinctive TTO valuation approaches suggested by it: each of compensating variation and equivalent variation for both gains and losses in health, with valuation of health states in each case derived from trade-offs between health and length of life. Recent developments and research on TTO valuation are placed in the context of this framework.

  15. A crise financeira de 2008 : uma interpretação teórica heterodoxa

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Flauzino de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Resumo:A crise econômica de 2008 pode ser analisada pelo arcabouço das teorias keynesianas, em especial a partir das interpretações em torno da teoria da preferência pela liquidez. Esta foi elaborada primeiramente na Teoria Geral de Keynes, mas alcançou interpretações muito diversas nas obras de Kaldor, Hicks, Davidson e Minsky. As idéias expostas por estes autores são capazes de fornecer algumas explicações sobre as escolhas de ativos, em especial os relacionados aos mercados financeiros, e ...

  16. Inter-relationship Between Marine Meiobenthos and Microbes

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ansari, Z.A.

    the nutrient matrix, and most of the deep-sea animals seem to feed on bacteria or their products. Fig.1. Meiofaunal and microbial interaction 176 All metazoan meiofauna have benthic life and hence their diet most likely include detritus with its attached... is ingested (Hicks and Grahame, 1979). In an other feeding experiment, Montagna (1984) labelled the bacteria and diatoms by radio -isotopes and reported that 3% of bacteria and 1% of diatoms were removed by meiofauna. It has also been demonstrated that under...

  17. Mindful Social Work?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debaene, Raf

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Mindfulness gets growing attention in the education and practice of social work. It is seen as an important source of inspiration for social work and as a counterbalance for the rationalization of social work. Hick states that mindfulness “is an orientation to our everyday experiences that can be cultivated by means of various exercises and practices. By opening up in a particular way to their internal and external experiences, social workers and clients are better able to understand what is happening to them in both a psychological and sociological sense. With this understanding, people are better able to see the variety of ways in which they can respond. Habitual reactions are more easily avoided, and inner peace and balance are developed” (Hick 2009: 1. Despite this praise of mindfulness as an important source of inspiration and the expectation that its popularity might expand in the next century, it is argued in this essay by Raf Debaene that mindfulness, although possibly very useful in some settings, had very little to do with social work.

  18. The use of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of resistant depression in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prieto-Hicks X

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sarah Hamill-Skoch,1 Paul Hicks,2 Ximena Prieto-Hicks11Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, USAAbstract: Major depressive disorder often begins in adolescence, is chronic and recurrent, and heightens an individual's risk for major depressive disorder in adulthood. Treatment-resistant depression is a problem for a significant minority of adolescents. Few studies have examined treatments for treatment-resistant depression among adolescents, and even fewer have examined the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy as a monotherapy or in combination with pharmacological treatments. Mental health professionals have a strong interest in understanding what treatments are appropriate for adolescents who are treatment resistant. Preliminary evidence from current published trials indicates that the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy in combination with antidepressant medication yields the best outcome for treatment-resistant depression in adolescents. Secondary analyses also suggest that the utility of cognitive behavioral therapy can be increased by ensuring adolescents receive a therapeutic dose of treatment sessions (more than nine sessions and the inclusion of two treatment components: social skills and problem solving training. Guidelines for clinicians as well as areas for future research are discussed.Keywords: cognitive behavior therapy, treatment-resistant depression, adolescent depression

  19. The effects of hyperbaric air in combination with ethyl alcohol and dextroamphetamine on serial choice-reaction time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, K; Fowler, B; Porlier, G

    1989-04-01

    The effects of ethyl alcohol (1.5 ml/kg body weight) and dextroamphetamine (15 mg) on nitrogen narcosis were investigated in two experiments using a 2-, 3- and 4-choice serial reaction time (RT) task with accuracy held constant. Narcosis was induced with air at 6.4 atmospheres absolute (ATA) and a heliox mixture was used as a control. Heliox at 6.4 ATA did not affect RT. Alcohol alone and air at 6.4 ATA increased the intercept of the Hick-Hyman function whereas amphetamine alone decreased it. The increased intercept with air at 6.4 ATA was exacerbated additively by alcohol and ameliorated antagonistically by amphetamine. The slope of the Hick-Hyman function was unaffected. Frequency distributions were shifted as a whole and their shapes were unaltered. It is concluded that these data are consistent with the slowed processing model which proposes that the effects of narcosis on performance are due to a decrease in arousal in conjunction with secondary changes in task strategy.

  20. Leftist liberators: American literary criticism in the thirties Leftist liberators: American literary criticism in the thirties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Raab

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In Unusable Past (1986 Russell Reising has recently offered his establishment of a canon of critics. 1 The book argues for an understanding of American Literature as "a reflection of American society" and for a literary criticism that is "striving for a more social or cultural appreciation of American literature" by taking "a rigorous social approach" (Reising 218. Reising tries to make his readers believe that social and Marxist criticism is a product of the nineteen—eighties and shows himself largely uninformed of the origins of the kind of criticism from the Left that he advocates: while he does give two brief mentions to Granville Hicks, names like V. F. Calverton and Michael Gold do not appear in his account. In Unusable Past (1986 Russell Reising has recently offered his establishment of a canon of critics. 1 The book argues for an understanding of American Literature as "a reflection of American society" and for a literary criticism that is "striving for a more social or cultural appreciation of American literature" by taking "a rigorous social approach" (Reising 218. Reising tries to make his readers believe that social and Marxist criticism is a product of the nineteen—eighties and shows himself largely uninformed of the origins of the kind of criticism from the Left that he advocates: while he does give two brief mentions to Granville Hicks, names like V. F. Calverton and Michael Gold do not appear in his account.

  1. LAS DOS TRÍADAS DEBEJARANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván González

    Full Text Available El artículo diseute "dos tríadas" que propone Bejarano para calificar a la teoría económica actual. La primera tríada tiene que ver con el realismo, la pertinencia y la relevancia de la teoría. Y la segunda tríada con sus dimensiones política, institucional y moral. El artículo centra la atención en esta segunda tríada, argumentando que la teoría no es apolítica, ainstitucional y amoral como afirma Bejarano. El examen crítico de la posición de Bejarano se sustenta en algunas de las tesis de: Walras, Marshall, Hicks, vickrey, Samuelson y Arrow.This article discusses the "two triads" that Bejarano has proposed in order to describe present economic theory. The first triad refers to the realism, pertinence and relevance of the theory. The second triad to its political, institutional and moral dimension. The article centers its attention on this second triad, arguing that the theory is not apolitical, uninstitutional and amoral as Bejarano states. The critical examination of Bejarano's proposition is supported on thesis of Walras, Marshall, Hicks, Vickrey, Samuelson and Arrow.

  2. A Search for Hemispheric Asymmetry on Triton

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, C. M.; Storrs, A. D.

    2004-12-01

    We will present reconstructed images of Neptune's largest satellite Triton as part of an investigation of hemispheric asymmetry. The images we observed from the Hubble Space Telescope in July of 1997, using the Wide Field/Planetary Camera. The images were taken in several filters: F439W, F555W, and F791W. Image restoration was performed using the MISTRAL program (Mugnier, Fusco, and Conan 2003). We present the ratio between the filters to determine if there is any hemispheric color asymmetry at this time. The photometry of Triton appears normal in this data although Hicks and Buratti (2004) observe Triton to be anomalously red in August of 1997. References: Hicks, M.D., and Buratti, B.J. (2004): "The Spectral Variability of Triton from 1997-2000", Icarus 171 pp. 210-218 Mugnier, L.M., T. Fusco, and J.-M. Conan, 2003. "MISTRAL: a Myopic Edge-Preserving Image Restoration Method. Applicaton to Astronomical Adaptive Optics Corrected Long-Exposure Images." JOSA A (submitted)

  3. Hick’s Religious Pluralism and Plantinga’s Exclusivism in a Comparative Encounter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Yazdani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of religious diversity is one of the significant issues in philosophy of religion. The existence of different religions in the world is an inevitable fact. Nowadays, due to the unprecedented development of information technology and public awareness of different beliefs across the nations have made the acknowledgement of religious diversity more widespread than the past. Being this the case, the questions as to religious diversity have been taken to the fore and contemporary man finds himself exposed to the question that how should a believer approach the other beliefs? Could all religions despite the differences they have in their dogmas, beliefs and doctrines be legitimate? Will the followers of all beliefs touch salvation?       Accordingly, among the key issues of philosophy of religion are the issue of legitimacy of different religions and the issue of salvation of followers of different creeds. This essay is an epistemological assessment of Hick and Plantinga on the legitimacy of religions in a comparative context. The following questions represent the guidelines of the present essay: How much is pluralism rationally and epistemologically feasible in its claim as to the legitimacy of all beliefs and the equal access of followers of all creeds to salvation? Does Plantinga's exclusivist taking as to religious truth and salvation and narrowing them down to Christianity and Christians have rational and epistemological justification? Hick has propounded his pluralism as a cure to difficulties caused by Christian religious exclusivism and inclusivism. Having insisted on the salvation promoting evolution from egotism to theism as the basic substance of religion, Hick traces the differences of religions back to the inattention to the symbolic language of religion. On the other hand, Plantinga takes the existing differences between religions as an evidence indicating the contradictoriness of pluralism and legitimacy of religious

  4. Winter habitat occurrence patterns of temperate migrant birds in Belize

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, D.K.; Robbins, C.S.; Sauer, J.R.

    1992-01-01

    We used mist nets and point counts to sample bird populations in 61 sites in Belize during January-March of 1987-1991. Sites were classified as forest, second growth, woody agricultural crops (citrus, mango, cacao, and cashew), or non-woody agricultural crops (rice and sugar cane). We evaluated patterns of occurence of wintering temperate migrant bird species in these habitats. Mist net captures of 22 of 31 migrant species differed significantly among habitats. Of these, 13 species were captured more frequently in the agricultural habitats. American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia), and Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia) were among the species captured most frequently in woody agricultural habitats; captures of Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas), Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea), and Northern (lcterus galbula) and Orchard orioles (I. spur/anus) were highest in the non-woody agricultural sites. We relate these occurrence patterns to trends in breeding populations in North America. While count data provide a wide picture of winter habitat distribution of migrants, more intensive work is necessary to assess temporal and geographic variation of migrant bird use of agricultural habitats.

  5. Improving patient outcomes in psoriasis: strategies to ensure treatment adherence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yélamos O

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Oriol Yélamos, Sandra Ros, Lluís Puig Department of Dermatology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Abstract: Psoriasis is a frequent inflammatory disease with a chronic and relapsing course. Therefore, patients with psoriasis are likely to undergo different treatments for long periods of time. Traditionally, therapies used in psoriasis have been associated with poor levels of adherence due to the complexity of the regimens and the poor results obtained with the topical therapies. These poor outcomes are associated with high levels of frustration and anxiety, which decrease adherence and worsen the disease. With the recent introduction of highly efficacious biologic therapies, patients can achieve very good and prolonged responses. However, most patients with psoriasis have mild disease and may be treated with skin-directed therapies. Therefore, it is important to develop strategies to improve adherence in order to achieve better outcomes, and to improve the overall quality of life. Hence, acknowledging the causes of nonadherence is crucial for implementing these strategies. In this summary, we review the causes of nonadherence, and we provide behavioral strategies in order to improve adherence and, ultimately, the outcome of patients with psoriasis. Keywords: psoriasis, adherence, outcome, drug therapy, psychotherapy

  6. Autores y citas en contabilidad de gestión en revistas de lengua española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério João Lunkes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La formación de redes alienta y ayuda en el intercambio de tecnologías, experiencias e ideas entre los investigadores y las instituciones, a fin de generar mayor innovación y desarrollo del área. El objetivo es identificar y analizar las redes de los autores y las citas en contabilidad de gestión en las revistas electrónicas en lengua española. Esto permitirá comprobar el grado de centralización e integración, más allá del nivel de internacionalización de las publicaciones en contabilidad de gestión en las revistas de lengua española. Con este fin, se seleccionaron siete revistas de Lengua Española, disponible en la base de datos Latindex, y se analizaron 183 artículos de 2001 al 2010. Entre los principales resultados obtenidos, es pertinente señalar: (i el limitado número de redes sociales en relación a los autores y una densa red en términos de citas, con el núcleo formado por Joan Amat Salas, Oriol Amat Salas y Ripoll Feliu. En el ámbito internacional una de las redes más importantes en cuanto a citas la lidera Robert Kaplan

  7. 基于动网格高空长航时机翼优化%Dynamic mesh based wing design optimization of HALE aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雄峰; 郭正; 侯中喜

    2014-01-01

    The commonly used method of wing design optimization is firstly analyzed in this paper.De-sign optimization method of the wing profile airfoil distribution along the wing span is put forward,according to the requirments of special aerodynamic performance and wing configuration features for a high altitude long endurance aircraft.Hicks-Henne parameterization method is improved against the drawback of un-smooth tailing edge,which is subsequently utilized for the construction of wing dynamic mesh.B-splines function based three-dimensional dynamic mesh generation method is proposed,as a substitute of commonly used linear interpolation based method.The customization and automation of data flow and work flow are re-alized by means of secondary development of commercial software Pointwise and Fluent,and all of the processes are integrated in iSIGHT platform.Finally,a wing optimization case for high altitude long endur-ance aircraft is studied using the aforementioned method,the optimization result shows that the endurance factor improves noticeably,indicates that the dynamic mesh based wing optimization method is an effective method.%分析了机翼设计优化的一般策略,针对高空长航时飞行器的气动性能需求和机翼构型特点,提出以机翼剖面翼型沿展向分布的设计优化;针对 Hicks-Henne 翼型参数化方法后缘不光顺的缺陷,提出了改进 Hicks-Henne翼型参数化方法;针对通常基于线性插值的三维动网格生成方式的缺陷,提出采用基于 B 样条函数的三维动网格生成;通过对商业软件 Pointwise 和 Fluent 的二次开发实现数据流和工作流的定制及自动化,并将所有流程在iSIGHT 平台下集成;优化算例表明,基于动网格的机翼优化实现提高功率因子的目标,是高空长航时机翼优化中的一种有效方法。

  8. Una retrospección teorética estilizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Lizarazu Alanez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene un doble objetivo. En primer lugar, se presenta una retrospectiva estilizada de la macroeconomía IS/LM, situando su estado de cosas dentro de la disciplina, en términos de su evolución, genealogía y transformación en la corriente dominante de la macroeconomía. En segundo lugar, desde una perspectiva algebraica, se exterioriza la conexión de la primera simiente IS/LM con la Teoría General de Keynes (1936, para legitimar la insinuación recurrente del parentesco con el modelo SI/LL de Hicks (1937.

  9. Pengaruh Skeptisisme terhadap Konsep World Theology dan Global Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Saifulloh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Scepticism, in a socio-historical study of philosophy in the West, appeared to have large considerable portion compared with the theories. Scepticism, here means is making a the point of view caution, suspicion, and not directly justify the theory of truth. With all sorts of implementations it generates in the philosophy discourse, Scepticism has become one of the methods to reach the truth. But in terms of theology, it gives a different effect. Scepticism has made the standard of truth of the religions is not based on the ‘truth claim’ that is essentially owned by each religion anymore. Truth is human subjectivity. ‘World Theology’ concept presented by Wilfred Cantwell Smith, the concept of Global Theology presented by John Hick is two discourses of religious pluralism doctrine which affected by scepticism.

  10. Summary of research on microbiological processes. International Energy Agency Subtask D, final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winters, A.L.

    1992-09-01

    Storage of thermal energy in aquifers has obvious benefits of saving energy and decreasing the consumption of fossil fuels. However, aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES), which involves groundwater aquifers as the storage medium for heat or chill, impinges on the environment. A literature review of pertinent microbiology publications (Hicks and Stewart, 1988) identified the potential for the interaction of ATES systems and microbiological processes to create a source of infectious diseases and the potential for damage to the environment. In addition, the review identified a potential for microbiological processes to develop conditions that would interfere with the operation of an ATES system. As a result of this research effort, investigators from Finland, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States have examined several ATES systems in operation and have observed that the ATES systems studied do not contribute to infectious disease transmission, do not adversely affect the environment, and do not contribute significantly to biofouling or biocorrosion.

  11. Summary of research on microbiological processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winters, A.L.

    1992-09-01

    Storage of thermal energy in aquifers has obvious benefits of saving energy and decreasing the consumption of fossil fuels. However, aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES), which involves groundwater aquifers as the storage medium for heat or chill, impinges on the environment. A literature review of pertinent microbiology publications (Hicks and Stewart, 1988) identified the potential for the interaction of ATES systems and microbiological processes to create a source of infectious diseases and the potential for damage to the environment. In addition, the review identified a potential for microbiological processes to develop conditions that would interfere with the operation of an ATES system. As a result of this research effort, investigators from Finland, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States have examined several ATES systems in operation and have observed that the ATES systems studied do not contribute to infectious disease transmission, do not adversely affect the environment, and do not contribute significantly to biofouling or biocorrosion.

  12. A new species of Quinquelaophonte (Copepoda: Harpacticoida from Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Sciberras

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Quinquelaophonte aestuarii sp. nov. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida from Bahía Blanca estuary is the first record of Quinquelaophonte Wells, Hicks & Coull, 1982 in Argentina and its southernmost location in the world. The setal formula (P2: exopod 1.2.3-endopod 1.2.0; P3: exopod 1.2.3-endopod 2.2.1; P4: exopod 1.2.3-endopod 1.2.0 of the last segment of P2-P4, in both the exopod and the endopod, distinguishes this species from all known species in Quinquelaophonte, except for Quinquelaophonte varians Bjornberg, 2010. The new species differs from the latter in the setal formula of the antennule, the mouth parts and maxillipeds, the absence of an inner seta on the second exopod segment of P2, the length of the second exopod segment of P4 and in the shape of baseoendopod setae of P5.

  13. Modeling technical change in climate analysis: evidence from agricultural crop damages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Adeel; Devadason, Evelyn S; Al-Amin, Abul Quasem

    2017-05-01

    This study accounts for the Hicks neutral technical change in a calibrated model of climate analysis, to identify the optimum level of technical change for addressing climate changes. It demonstrates the reduction to crop damages, the costs to technical change, and the net gains for the adoption of technical change for a climate-sensitive Pakistan economy. The calibrated model assesses the net gains of technical change for the overall economy and at the agriculture-specific level. The study finds that the gains of technical change are overwhelmingly higher than the costs across the agriculture subsectors. The gains and costs following technical change differ substantially for different crops. More importantly, the study finds a cost-effective optimal level of technical change that potentially reduces crop damages to a minimum possible level. The study therefore contends that the climate policy for Pakistan should consider the role of technical change in addressing climate impacts on the agriculture sector.

  14. Time is tight: how higher economic value of time increases feelings of time pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVoe, Sanford E; Pfeffer, Jeffrey

    2011-07-01

    The common heuristic association between scarcity and value implies that more valuable things appear scarcer (King, Hicks, & Abdelkhalik, 2009), an effect we show applies to time as well. In a series of studies, we found that both income and wealth, which affect the economic value of time, influence perceived time pressure. Study 1 found that changes in income were associated with changes in perceived time pressure. Studies 2-4 showed that experimentally manipulating time's perceived economic value caused greater feelings of time pressure and less patient behavior. Finally, Study 5 demonstrated that the relationship between income and time pressure was strengthened when participants were randomly assigned to think about the precise economic value of their time.

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William R. Roff

    1970-07-01

    Full Text Available - Jane Bunnag, Hans-Dieter Evers, Loosely structured social systems: Thailand in comparative perspective. Cultural Report Series no. 17, Yale University Southeast Asia Studies. New Haven 1969. 148 pp. - L. Sluimers, Milton E. Osborne, The French presence in Cochin-China and Cambodia: Rule and response (1859-1905. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London 1970. XVIII + 379 pp. - H.J. Duller, G.L. Hicks, The Indonesian economy, 1950-1965; met een supplement tot 1967. Bibliographical Series No. 9, South-East Asia Studies, Yale University 1967. 248 p., n.p., G. McNicoll (eds. - J.W. de Vries, A. Mörzer Bruyns, Kamus singkatan dan akronim yang dipergunakan di Indonesia/Glossary of abbreviations and acronyms used in Indonesia, Ichtiar, Djakarta 1970. - William R. Roff, Abdul Majid Mohamed Mackeen, Contemporary Islamic legal organization in Malaya. Monograph Series No. 13. Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, New Haven, 1969. vii + 79 + 55 pp.

  16. Notice of Violation of IEEE Publication Principles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Memon, Nasrullah; Qureshi, Abdul Rasool; Wiil, Uffe Kock

    2009-01-01

    Notice of Violation of IEEE Publication Principles "Novel Algorithms for Subgroup Detection in Terrorist Networks" by Nasrullah Memon, Abdul Rasool Qureshi, Uffe Kock Wiil, and David L. Hicks in the Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, March...... 2009, pp. 572-577 After careful and considered review of the content and authorship of this paper by a duly constituted expert committee, this paper has been found to be in violation of IEEE's Publication Principles. This paper contains significant portions of original text from the papers cited below...... be made to the following articles: "Balancing Systematic and Flexible Exploration of Social Networks" by Adam Perer, Ben Shneiderman in the IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Vol. 12, No. 5 Sept/Oct 2006, pp. 693-700 "Mining for Offender Group Detection and Story of a Police...

  17. Las dos triadas de Bejarano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Jorge Iván

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available El artículo diseute "dos tríadas" que propone Bejarano para calificar a la teoría económica actual. La primera tríada tiene que ver con el realismo, la pertinencia y la relevancia de la teoría. Y la segunda tríada con sus dimensiones política, institucional y moral. El artículo centra la atención en esta segunda tríada, argumentando que la teoría no es apolítica, ainstitucional y amoral como afirma Bejarano. El examen crítico de la posición de Bejarano se sustenta en algunas de las tesis de: Walras, Marshall, Hicks, vickrey, Samuelson y Arrow.

  18. Towards a new vision of economic policy: Discussion around the new paradigm proposed by David Romer in “Keynesian macroeconomics without the LM curve”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Leonardo Penagos Rozo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available New Keynesians (NK refer to an advanced posture compared to the traditional paradigm of the IS-LM equilibrium, which, as a tool, satisfied economic policy explanations for the moment. The model had critics like be considered not to have microeconomic foundations, among others. Perhaps at the times presented: Keynes, in 1936, with the General Theory, Hicks, in 1937, with Mr. Keynes and the classics; Samuelson in 1948 and subsequent years, with his work Economy, it provided important elements in the balance. However, a new approach was needed for the Twenty-First Century, and it is the one proposed by David Romer. The purpose of this article is to make an initial review for understanding how some aspects of economic policy are linked as elements of economic growth.

  19. Project Responder: technology needs for local emergency response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beakley, Guy; Garwin, Thomas; Pollard, Neal A.; Singley, George T., III; Tuohy, Robert V.; Lupo, Jasper

    2003-09-01

    Since April 2001, the Oklahoma City National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism has funded an effort by Hicks &Associates, Inc. and the Terrorism Research Center, Inc., aimed ultimately at improving local, state, and federal emergency responders" capabilities for mitigating the effects of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive/ incendiary (CBRNE) terrorism. This effort, titled "Project Responder," began by developing an understanding of how state and local responders view their current capabilities, shortfalls, and needs. This paper discusses some of the results of this first phase of the effort that has resulted in a comprehensive report titled "Emergency Responders" Needs, Goals, and Priorities." This paper addresses two of the capabilities from that report which we believe are of most interest to this conference. There are ten other capabilities discussed in the report, which may also be of interest.

  20. A comparison of models to estimate in-canopy photosynthetically active radiation and their influence on canopy stomatal resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Leiming; Moran, Michael D.; Brook, Jeffrey R.

    The models for photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) used in a multi-layer canopy stomatal resistance (CSR) model developed by Baldocchi et al. (Atmospheric Environment 21 (1987) 91-101) and in a two-big-leaf CSR model developed by Hicks et al. (Water, Air and Soil Pollution 36 (1987) 311) are investigated in this study. The PAR received by shaded leaves in Baldocchi et al. (1987) is found to be larger than that predicted by a canopy radiative-transfer model developed by Norman (in: Barfield, Gerber, (Eds.), Modification of the Aerial Environment of Crops. ASAE Monograph No. 2. American Society for Agricultural. Engineering, St. Joseph, MI, 1979, p. 249) by as much as 50% even though the Baldocchi et al. (1987) model is indirectly based on Norman's model. This larger value of PAR results in turn in a smaller CSR by as much as 30% for canopies with larger leaf area indexes. A new formula to predict vertical profiles for PAR received by shaded leaves inside a canopy is suggested in the present study based on Norman (1979) and agrees well with the original model of Norman (1979). The simple treatment used in Hicks et al. (1987) for canopy-average PAR received by shaded leaves is found to diverge for canopies with leaf area indexes not close to two A new empirical formula for canopy-average PAR is then suggested for use in a two-big-leaf model, and it is shown that under most conditions the modified two-big-leaf CSR model can predict reasonable values when compared with the more complex multi-layer CSR model. Both the modified multi-layer CSR model and the modified two-big-leaf CSR model are also shown to predict reasonable dry deposition velocities for O 3 when compared to several sets of measurements.

  1. Foot lengthening and shortening during gait: a parameter to investigate foot function?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolwijk, N M; Koenraadt, K L M; Louwerens, J W K; Grim, D; Duysens, J; Keijsers, N L W

    2014-02-01

    Based on the windlass mechanism theory of Hicks, the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) flattens during weight bearing. Simultaneously, foot lengthening is expected. However, changes in foot length during gait and the influence of walking speed has not been investigated yet. The foot length and MLA angle of 34 healthy subjects (18 males, 16 females) at 3 velocities (preferred, low (preferred -0.4 m/s) and fast (preferred +0.4 m/s) speed were investigated with a 3D motion analysis system (VICON(®)). The MLA angle was calculated as the angle between the second metatarsal head, the navicular tuberculum and the heel in the local sagittal plane. Foot length was calculated as the distance between the marker at the heel and the 2nd metatarsal head. A General Linear Model for repeated measures was used to indicate significant differences in MLA angle and foot length between different walking speeds. The foot lengthened during the weight acceptance phase of gait and shortened during propulsion. With increased walking speed, the foot elongated less after heel strike and shortened more during push off. The MLA angle and foot length curve were similar, except between 50% and 80% of the stance phase in which the MLA increases whereas the foot length showed a slight decrease. Foot length seems to represent the Hicks mechanism in the foot and the ability of the foot to bear weight. At higher speeds, the foot becomes relatively stiffer, presumably to act as a lever arm to provide extra propulsion. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. 液压阻拦机定长冲跑控制规律优化%Optimization and Kinetic Simulation of Constant Runout Control System of Arresting Gear

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑茂; 王超; 黄胜

    2013-01-01

    To gain the optimum control regularity of the constant runout control system,the kinetic simulation for MK7-3 arresting gear was completed and the control valve flow area of the constant runout was optimized using Hicks-Henne shape function and the steepest descent method.Finally,kinetic simulation of different weights,engaged speeds and thrusts indicates that different aircrafts can be arrested at a constant distance and that the loads on wires and the acceleration of aircrafts are proper,showing the validity and the safety of the optimized control regularity.%为确定舰载机最优阻拦定长冲跑控制规律,对美国MK7-3型液压阻拦机进行了动力学仿真,并采用Hicks-Henne形状函数和最速下降法对定长冲跑控制阀通流面积曲线进行了优化.对不同质量、进场速度和发动机推力的舰载机进行了阻拦仿真实验,结果表明:优化后的定长冲跑控制规律能使不同质量、进场速度和发动机推力的舰载机均在相同的阻拦距离上停下来,且钢索张力和舰载机加速度变化规律合理,证明了本文所述优化方法的合理性和安全性.

  3. Effects of restoring oak savannas on bird communities and populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brawn, Jeffrey D

    2006-04-01

    Efforts to restore and maintain oak savannas in North America, with emphasis on the use of prescribed fire, have become common. Little is known, however about how restoration affects animal populations, especially those of birds. I compared the breeding densities, community structure, and reproductive success of birds in oak savannas maintained by prescribed fire (12 sites) with those in closed-canopy forests (13 sites). All sampling was conducted in Illinois (U.S.A.). Of the 31 bird species analyzed, 12 were more common in savannas, 14 were not affected by habitat structure, and 5 were more common in forest habitat. The species favored by disturbance and restoration included Northern Bobwhites (Colinus virginianus), Mourning Doves (Zenaida macroura), Red-headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus), Indigo Buntings (Passerina cyanea), and Baltimore Orioles (Icterus galbula). Those more common in closed-canopy forest included Ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapilla) and Wood Thrushes (Hylocichla mustelina). Few species were unique to one type of habitat, but overall avian community structure in oak savannas and closed-canopy forests was generally distinctive. Estimates of nesting success (derived from 785 nests) revealed that 6 of the 13 species considered experienced greater productivity in the savanna habitat. Rates of brood parasitism were unaffected by restoration and habitat structure. Within savannas, tract size had little effect on breeding abundances and reproductive success. My results illustrate that restoration techniques can significantly affect the ecology of constituent animal populations and communities and have key implications regarding avian conservation and the management of forest habitat in fragmented landscapes. Small patches of forest habitat that regularly function as population sinks may offer far better prospects for birds if they are subjected to disturbance and ecosystem restoration.

  4. Epidemiology of yaws: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazadi WM

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Walter M Kazadi,1 Kingsley B Asiedu,2 Nsiire Agana,3 Oriol Mitjà4,51Office of the WHO Representative for Papua New Guinea, World Health Organization, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea; 2Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; 3Public Health Division, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana; 4Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 5Lihir Medical Centre-International SOS, Newcrest Mining, Lihir Island, Papua New GuineaAbstract: Yaws, a neglected tropical disease, is targeted for eradication by 2020 through large-scale mass-treatment programs of endemic communities. A key determinant for the success of the eradication campaign is good understanding of the disease epidemiology. We did a review of historical trends and new information from endemic countries, with the aim of assessing the state of knowledge on yaws disease burden. Transmission of yaws is now present in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific. At least 12 countries are known to harbor yaws cases and 21 to 42 million people live in endemic areas. Between 2008 and 2012 more than 300,000 new cases were reported to the World Health Organization. Yaws presented high geographical variation within a country or region, high seasonality for incidence of active disease, and evidence that low standards of hygiene predispose to suffering of the disease. Key data issues include low levels of reporting, potential misdiagnosis, and scarce documentation on prevalence of asymptomatic infections. Currently available data most likely underestimates the magnitude of the disease burden. More effort is needed in order to refine accuracy of data currently being reported. A better characterization of the epidemiology of yaws globally is likely to positively impact on planning and implementation of yaws eradication.Keywords: eradication, Treponema pertenue, endemic countries, prevalence

  5. Irrigation and avifaunal change in coastal Northwest Mexico: has irrigated habit attracted threatened migratory species?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sievert Rohwer

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Irrigation in desert ecosystems can either reduce or increase species diversity. Groundwater pumping often lowers water tables and reduces natural wetlands, whereas canal irrigation often creates mesic habitat, resulting in great increases in avian diversity from irrigation. Here we compare a dataset of potential natural vegetation to recent datasets from areal and satellite imagery to show that 60% of the land in the coastal plain of southern Sonora and northern Sinaloa lying below 200 m elevation has been converted by irrigation to more mesic habitats. We then use the record of bird specimens in the world’s museums from this same region of Mexico to examine the avian community before and after the development of extensive irrigation. In general these museum records show an increase in the abundance and diversity of breeding birds associated with mesic habitats. Although thorn forest birds have likely decreased in total numbers, most are common enough in the remaining thorn forest that collection records did not indicate their probable decline. Four migrants having most of their breeding ranges in the US or Canada, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Cliff Swallow, Bell’s Vireo, and Orchard Oriole, apparently have increased dramatically as breeders in irrigated habitats of NW Mexico. Because these species have decreased or even largely disappeared as breeding birds in parts of the US or Canada, further research should assess whether their increases in new mesic habitats of NW Mexico are linked to their declines as breeding birds in Canada and the US For Bell’s Vireo recent specimens from Sinaloa suggest its new breeding population in NW Mexico may be composed partly of the endangered Least Bell’s Vireo.

  6. Differences in breeding bird assemblages related to reed canary grass cover cover and forest structure on the Upper Mississippi River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsch, Eileen M.; Gray, Brian R.

    2017-01-01

    Floodplain forest of the Upper Mississippi River provides habitat for an abundant and diverse breeding bird community. However, reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea invasion is a serious threat to the future condition of this forest. Reed canary grass is a well-known aggressive invader of wetland systems in the northern tier states of the conterminous United States. Aided by altered flow regimes and nutrient inputs from agriculture, reed canary grass has formed dense stands in canopy gaps and forest edges, retarding tree regeneration. We sampled vegetation and breeding birds in Upper Mississippi River floodplain forest edge and interior areas to 1) measure reed canary grass cover and 2) evaluate whether the breeding bird assemblage responded to differences in reed canary grass cover. Reed canary grass was found far into forest interiors, and its cover was similar between interior and edge sites. Bird assemblages differed between areas with more or less reed canary grass cover (.53% cover breakpoint). Common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas, black-capped chickadee Parus atricapillus, and rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus were more common and American redstart Setophaga ruticilla, great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus, and Baltimore oriole Icterus galbula were less common in sites with more reed canary grass cover. Bird diversity and abundance were similar between sites with different reed canary grass cover. A stronger divergence in bird assemblages was associated with ground cover ,15%, resulting from prolonged spring flooding. These sites hosted more prothonotary warbler Protonotaria citrea, but they had reduced bird abundance and diversity compared to other sites. Our results indicate that frequently flooded sites may be important for prothonotary warblers and that bird assemblages shift in response to reed canary grass invasion.

  7. Tree species preferences of foraging songbirds during spring migration in floodplain forests of the Upper Mississippi River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsch, Eileen M.; Wellik, Mike J.

    2017-01-01

    Floodplain forest of the Upper Mississippi River is important for songbirds during spring migration. However, the altered hydrology of this system and spread of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) and emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) threaten tree diversity and long-term sustainability of this forest. We estimated tree preferences of songbirds during spring migration 2010–2013 to help guide management decisions that promote tree diversity and forest sustainability and to evaluate yearly variation in tree selection. We used the point center-quarter method to assess relative availability of tree species and tallied bird foraging observations on tree species as well as recording the phenophase of used trees on five 40 ha plots of contiguous floodplain forest between La Crosse, Wisconsin and New Albin, Iowa, from 15 April through 1 June. We quantified bird preferences by comparing proportional use of tree species by each bird species to estimates of tree species availability for all 4 y and for each year separately. Species that breed locally preferred silver maple (Acer saccharinum), which is dominant in this forest. The common transient migrant species and the suite of 17 transient wood warbler species preferred hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) and oaks (Quercus spp.), which are limited to higher elevations on the floodplain. We observed earlier leaf development the warm springs of 2010 and 2012 and later leaf development the cold springs of 2011 and 2013. Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata), American Redstart (S. ruticilla), Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) and Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), and the suite of transient migrant wood warblers spread their foraging efforts among tree species in colder springs and were more selective in warmer springs. All three of the important tree species are not regenerating well on the UMR and widespread die-off of silver maple is possible in 50 y without large scale management.

  8. 基于松散式代理模型管理框架的亚音速机翼优化设计方法研究%Developing Optimization Design of Subsonic Wing with Losse Type of Agent Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白俊强; 王波; 孙智伟; 李静

    2011-01-01

    Aim. The introduction of the full paper discusses relevant matters and then proposes developing what we believe to be a better optimal design, which is explained in sections 1 through 4. The core of section 1 is that, with the particle swarm optimization and simulated annealing algorithm, the moving grid method and the improved Hicks-Henne function deformation technology, we parameterize the 18 design variables of the tip of a wing and its root respectively. Section 2 briefs the sampling method with the loose type of surrogate model. To train the samples, sections 3 and 4 use the Latin Hypercube method to evaluate the prediction ability of the Kriging agent model, whose prediction precision is shown in Fig. 4. The core of section 4 is that we use the agent model to perform the optimal design of the subsonic wing of a certain typical aircraft; the optimal design results, given in Figs. 5 through 8, and their analysis show preliminarily that our design method is effective for improving the aerodynamic characteristics of subsonic wing.%基于N-S方程的三维气动外形的优化设计一直以来都因为存在众多的设计变量和庞大的计算量问题而无法实现,为了解决这些问题,文中发展了一套机翼气动优化设计系统,该系统基于模拟退火粒子群优化算法、松散式代理模型以及动网格和改进的HicksHenne函数变形技术,选取翼根、翼梢各18个设计变量进行参数化.按某型飞机设计要求,在给定设计指标下进行优化设计,研究了基于松散式代理模型管理框架下,训练样本采用拉丁超立方方法对Krging代理模型的预测能力进行评估,以及应用该代理模型框架进行了亚音速机翼的气动外形优化设计,结果显示,优化后机翼的气动特性有着显著提高.

  9. 基于逐次升阶的翼型参数化与气动优化方法研究%Research on airfoil parameterization based on adding-order method and its application in aerodynamic optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超; 高正红; 黄江涛; 赵轲; 李静; 许放

    2015-01-01

    The number of design variables and their design room are focused on in airfoil pa-rameterization.Fewer variables helps improve the speed of convergence and adequate design room can help to find the best result.However,they contradict with each other.A research was carried on the performances of basic Bezier-Spline curves and a comparison was presented between different orders of Bezier-Spline curves in order to explain their ability of describing a supercritical airfoil and aerodynamic errors as a result of geometric errors.An adding-order airfoil parameter-ization method was put forward based on the characteristics of Bezier-Spline curves.An optimiza-tion design system of expanding design room was established combined with improved particle swarm optimization algorithm which guarantees design room and efficiency.The method balances the inconsistency of design quality and efficiency.By comparing the results of a typical airfoil op-timization using the proposed method and the traditional Hicks-Henne model function method, feasibility and high efficiency of this method is verified.%研究了基本 Bezier 样条曲线的特性,对比了不同阶次 Bezier 曲线对超临界翼型的几何描述能力以及由几何偏差带来的气动性能的偏差。利用 Bezier 曲线的特性提出逐次升阶的翼型参数化方法,结合改进的粒子群优化算法,建立了逐步扩展设计空间的气动优化设计方法,兼顾设计空间和优化效率,很好地解决了设计质量和设计效率之间的矛盾。最后通过典型翼型的优化设计,对比了文中方法与传统 Hicks-Henne 型函数方法,验证了文中方法的可行性和高效性。

  10. O lucro à luz do conceito de preservação da riqueza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Wasserman

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available As informações contábeis muitas vezes empregam uma terminologia complexa que se torna pouco acessível à maioria dos usuários. A Contabilidade pode utilizar mais intensamente conceitos econômicos para melhorar a comunicação com seus usuários. Este artigo, partindo da definição de lucro do economista inglês James Hicks, apresenta os vários conceitos de lucro em termos de preservação da riqueza, com o objetivo de tornar a informação contábil mais útil no processo de decisão. O lucro, mensurado a custo histórico, a preços correntes de entrada, pelo equivalente corrente de caixa, pelo cálculo do valor presente e pelo valor de mercado, tem uma formulação própria para cada tipo de mensuração. São apresentados exemplos numéricos no tópico que trata do lucro mensurado a valor presente. O lucro à luz do conceito de preservação da riqueza, apresentado neste artigo, é de grande relevância, porque recepcionado pela teoria econômica. O uso desse conceito pela Contabilidade pode ser de valiosa ajuda ao objetivo básico das demonstrações contábeis, que é o de prover informações úteis para a tomada de decisões econômicas.Accounting information often uses a complex terminology that is not so friendly to most users. Accounting may use economic concepts in a more intense way in order to improve communication with its users. Starting from the English economist James Hicks' definition of income, this paper presents several concepts of income according to the concept of wealth preservation, with a view to turning accounting information more useful in the decision process. Income, which is measured in terms of Historical Cost, Current Cost, Net Realization Value, Present Value of Future Cash Flows and Market Value, has a specific formulation for each kind. Numerical examples are shown under the topic about income measured by the Present Value of Future Cash Flow method. The study of income with regard to wealth

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Goor

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available - Peter Boomgaard, Christine Dobbin, Asian entrepreneurial minorities; Conjoint communities in the making of the world economy, 1570-1940. Richmond: Curzon Press, 1996, xiii + 246 pp. [Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series 71.] - Ian Brown, Fukuda Shozo, With sweat and abacus; Economic roles of Southeast Asian Chinese on the eve of World War II, edited by George Hicks. Singapore: Select Books, 1995, xii + 246 pp. - Ian Brown, George Hicks, Chinese organisations in Southeast Asia in the 1930s. Singapore: Select Books, 1996, xv + 168 pp. - Matthew I. Cohen, Laurie J. Sears, Shadows of empire; Colonial discourse and Javanese tales. Durham/London: Duke University Press, 1996, xxi + 349 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. II: Expansion and crisis. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1993, xv + 390 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. I: The lands below the winds. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1988, xvi + 275 pp. - David Henley, Saya S. Shiraishi, Young heroes; The Indnesian family in politics. Ithaca/New York: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program Publications, 1997, 183 pp. [Studies on Southeast Asia 22.] - Gerrit Knaap, P. Jobse, Bronnen betreffende de Midden-Molukken 1900-1942. Den Haag: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1997. 4 volumes. Rijks Geschiedkundige Publicatiën, Kleine Serie, 81, 82, 83, 84. Volume 1 bewerkt door P. Jobse, 2 en 3 door Ch.F. van Fraassen, 4 door Ch.F van Fraassen en P. Jobse. xii + 578, xii + 578, xii + 711, x + 655, xi + 261 pp., Ch. F. van Fraassen (eds. - Indro Nugroho-Heins, Clara Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Classical Javanese dance; The Surakarta tradition and its terminology. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995, xi + 252 pp. [Verhandelingen 155.] - László Sluimers, Shigeru Sato, War, nationalism and peasants; Java under the Japanese occupation, 1942-1945. Armonk, New

  12. CST气动外形参数化方法研究%A Study on CST Aerodynamic Shape Parameterization Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关晓辉; 李占科; 宋笔锋

    2012-01-01

    类别形状函数变换(CST)方法是通过类别函数和形状函数来表示几何外形的新型气动外形参数化方法.通过考察参数化过程线性系统的条件数以及对翼型的表示误差,研究了Bernstein多项式阶数(BPO)对CST方法单值性和精度的影响,并将CST方法与B样条法、Hicks-Henne法和参数化翼型(PARSEC)法的参数数量和表示精度进行了对比.使用基于CST参数化方法的远场组元(FCE)激波阻力优化方法对超声速机翼进行外形优化,优化后的机翼其激波阻力降低达61%.研究结果表明:CST方法具有参数少,精度高的优点;为保证表示精度,同时避免病态参数化过程,应使用4阶以上、10阶以下的Bernstein多项式定义形状函数.%Class-shape-transformation (CST) Is a new shape parameterization method which represents the geometries of aircraft shapes with a class function and a shape function. Based on the condition numbers of linear systems and the representation residuals in the parameterization process, a study is performed on the influence of the bernstein polynomial order (BPO) on the numerical uniqueness and the precision of the CST method. Comparisons of parameter number and representation precision between the CST method and B-spline, Hicks-Henne and parametric section( PARSEC) methods are represented in this paper, as well as a supersonic wing shape optimization case using the far-field composite-element (FCE) wave drag optimization method which yields a 61 % reduction of wave drag. It is suggested that the CST parameterization Is characterized by high precision and low parameter number. In order to achieve sufficient precision and avoid ill-conditioned parameterization, the shape function should be defined by bernstein polynomials of at least 4th order, but no more than 10th order.

  13. The role of climate in balancing soil production and sediment yield in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, K. P.

    2013-12-01

    New Zealand hosts some of the highest specific sediment yields on the planet reaching up to nearly 30,000 t km-2 yr-1. Sediment yields measure the export of sediment from a basin and give an indication of erosion from hillslopes. In New Zealand high sediment yields correlate with high annual precipitation and high rates of tectonic strain (Hicks et al., 1996). It is, however, unclear how soil production keeps pace with such extreme erosion. Here, this question is investigated by modelling soil production as a function of local climate parameters. Two simple models for building climate into soil production are through effective energy and mass transfer, EEMT, (Rasmussen and Tabor, 2007) and primary chemical weathering. When applied to ~30 year climate data, these models highlight the variability of potential soil production across New Zealand. Due partially to high annual rainfall, some of the fastest erosion rates on the west coast of the South Island are nearly in balance with soil production. In other regions such as the east coast of the North Island, hotspots exist where annual sediment yields exceed reasonable soil production rates such that additional mechanisms must operate to generate sediment and make up this deficit. Globally, precipitation tends to increase and temperature decreases with increasing elevation. In New Zealand, increasing elevations also roughly correlate with an increase in mean basin slope angle and the percent of a basin at >30° slopes. As a result, modelled soil production also tends to increase with increasing mean basin slope angle. This correlation occurs independent of erosion feedbacks on the modelled soil production rates. This relationship presents an intriguing scenario in which the topography of the mountain range may be maintained by climate through variations in soil production. Even with rapid modelled soil production at high precipitation rates and/or high temperatures and/or high temperatures, many basins cannot keep pace

  14. The Tail Wagging the Dog: Insights into Catalysis in R67 Dihydrofolate Reductase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamath, Ganesh K [ORNL; Agarwal, Pratul K [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    Plasmid-encoded R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) catalyzes a hydride transfer reaction between substrate dihydrofolate (DHF) and its cofactor, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). R67 DHFR is a homotetramer that exhibits numerous characteristics of a primitive enzyme, including promiscuity in binding of substrate and cofactor, formation of nonproductive complexes, and the absence of a conserved acid in its active site. Furthermore, R67's active site is a pore, which is mostly accessible by bulk solvent. This study uses a computational approach to characterize the mechanism of hydride transfer. Not surprisingly, NADPH remains fixed in one-half of the active site pore using numerous interactions with R67. Also, stacking between the nicotinamide ring of the cofactor and the pteridine ring of the substrate, DHF, at the hourglass center of the pore, holds the reactants in place. However, large movements of the p-aminobenzoylglutamate tail of DHF occur in the other half of the pore because of ion pair switching between symmetry-related K32 residues from two subunits. This computational result is supported by experimental results that the loss of these ion pair interactions (located >13 {angstrom} from the center of the pore) by addition of salt or in asymmetric K32M mutants leads to altered enzyme kinetics [Hicks, S. N., et al. (2003) Biochemistry 42, 10569-10578; Hicks, S. N., et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 46995?47002]. The tail movement at the edge of the active site, coupled with the fixed position of the pteridine ring in the center of the pore, leads to puckering of the pteridine ring and promotes formation of the transition state. Flexibility coupled to R67 function is unusual as it contrasts with the paradigm that enzymes use increased rigidity to facilitate attainment of their transition states. A comparison with chromosomal DHFR indicates a number of similarities, including puckering of the nicotinamide ring and changes in the DHF tail

  15. The tail wagging the dog: insights into catalysis in R67 dihydrofolate reductase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Ganesh; Howell, Elizabeth E; Agarwal, Pratul K

    2010-10-26

    Plasmid-encoded R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) catalyzes a hydride transfer reaction between substrate dihydrofolate (DHF) and its cofactor, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). R67 DHFR is a homotetramer that exhibits numerous characteristics of a primitive enzyme, including promiscuity in binding of substrate and cofactor, formation of nonproductive complexes, and the absence of a conserved acid in its active site. Furthermore, R67's active site is a pore, which is mostly accessible by bulk solvent. This study uses a computational approach to characterize the mechanism of hydride transfer. Not surprisingly, NADPH remains fixed in one-half of the active site pore using numerous interactions with R67. Also, stacking between the nicotinamide ring of the cofactor and the pteridine ring of the substrate, DHF, at the hourglass center of the pore, holds the reactants in place. However, large movements of the p-aminobenzoylglutamate tail of DHF occur in the other half of the pore because of ion pair switching between symmetry-related K32 residues from two subunits. This computational result is supported by experimental results that the loss of these ion pair interactions (located >13 Å from the center of the pore) by addition of salt or in asymmetric K32M mutants leads to altered enzyme kinetics [Hicks, S. N., et al. (2003) Biochemistry 42, 10569-10578; Hicks, S. N., et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 46995-47002]. The tail movement at the edge of the active site, coupled with the fixed position of the pteridine ring in the center of the pore, leads to puckering of the pteridine ring and promotes formation of the transition state. Flexibility coupled to R67 function is unusual as it contrasts with the paradigm that enzymes use increased rigidity to facilitate attainment of their transition states. A comparison with chromosomal DHFR indicates a number of similarities, including puckering of the nicotinamide ring and changes in the DHF tail angle

  16. Nelikümmend lindu eesti rahvausundis III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mall Hiiemäe

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The article acquaints folk beliefs about white wagtail (majority are connected with the growth of flax, swan (it has a single miracle feather under its wing, it is faithful to the partner. It has mislead the cranes. The person who gets swindled by swan does not have luck in travelling. In the runic verse the swan is the synonym for maiden, skylark (it has been cerated by god, it has white feathers in winter and it spends the winter under the drift, the person who hears its singing for the first time in the spring it foretells fortune and health, its swindling means the loss of singing voice, capercaille (the appearance of devil or elf, woodcock ( spends the winter under the sod, in springtime their back part is full of sweet milk, witch hawk ( a hawk sent from Lappland to impel birds to fly to Lappland to feed Lapps; a human bewitched into a bird; a witch; an artificial bloodless being, golden oriole ( the foreteller of rain and death, a bird connected with sowing of flax, the swindling causes lack of growth of flax, robin ( it has got its red breast form the blood of Jesus, when it tried to pull off his spikes, swallow (a maiden turns into a swallow because 1 a man marries a younger woman, 2 a man tries to kill a dumb woman and tears her skirt, 3 a witch turns a bride into a swallow and replaces her with her own daughter, 4 a stepmother kills an orphan and the orphan turns into a swallow, 5 she escapes with a bleeding throat and a torn skirt and turns into a bird, 6 a mother-in-law tears the skirt of her daughter-in-law, 8 an orphan girl, who has got too much work to do, 8 god, beggar or witch turns wedding guests into swallows. The nesting near the house is a sign of good fortune, but flying into the house means a fire in the house. They spend the winter in lakes. For the popularity it has been elected to be the national bird, corn crake (it is not able to fly, comes on foot from the south, gets across the water on board of the ships or

  17. Measurement of the energy spectrum from the neutron source p lanned for IGISOL

    CERN Document Server

    Mattera, A; Rakopoulos, V; Lantz, M; Pomp, S; Solders, A; Al-Adili, A; Andersson, P; Hjalmarsson, A; Valldor-Blücher, B; Prokofiev, A; Passoth, E; Gentile, A; Bortot, D; Esposito, A; Introini, M V; Pola, A; Penttilä, H; Gorelov, D; Rinta-Antila, S

    2014-01-01

    We report on the characterisation measurements of the energ y spectra from a Be (p,xn) neutron source to be installed at the IGISOL-JYFLTRA P facility for studies of neutron-induced independent fission yields. The measurements were performed at The Svedberg Laboratory (Uppsala, Sweden), during 50 hours of beam-time in June, 2012. A 30 MeV p roton beam impinged on a mock-up of the proton-neutron converter; this was a 5 mm-thick beryllium disc inserted in an aluminium holder, with a 1-cm t hick layer of cool- ing water on the backside. The geometry of the mock-up has bee n chosen to reproduce the one that will be used as the IGISOL-JYFLTRAP so urce. During the experiment, two configurations for the neutron so urce have been used: a fast neutron field, produced using the bare target; an d a moderated field, obtained adding a 10 cm-thick Polyethylene block after the t arget assembly. The neutron fields have been measured using an Extended Range Bonner Sphere Spectrometer (ERBSS), able to simultaneously determine ...

  18. The role of stem cell therapies in degenerative lumbar spine disease: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehme, David; Goldschlager, Tony; Rosenfeld, Jeffrey V; Ghosh, Peter; Jenkin, Graham

    2015-07-01

    Degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine are extremely common. Ninety percent of people over the age of 60 years have degenerative change on imaging; however, only a small minority of people will require spine surgery (Hicks et al. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34(12):1301-1306, 2009). This minority, however, constitutes a core element of spinal surgery practice. Whilst the patient outcomes from spinal surgeries have improved in recent years, some patients will remain with pain and disability despite technically successful surgery. Advances in regenerative medicine and stem cell therapies, particularly the use of mesenchymal stem cells and allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells, have led to numerous clinical trials utilising these cell-based therapies to treat degenerative spinal conditions. Through cartilage formation and disc regeneration, fusion enhancement or via modification of pain pathways, stem cells are well suited to enhance spinal surgery practice. This review will focus on the outcomes of lumbar spinal procedures and the role of stem cells in the treatment of degenerative lumbar conditions to enhance clinical practice. The current status of clinical trials utilising stem cell therapies will be discussed, providing clinicians with an overview of the various cell-based treatments likely to be available to patients in the near future.

  19. Postoperative abdominal wound infection – epidemiology, risk factors, identification, and management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azoury SC

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Saïd C Azoury,1 Norma Elizabeth Farrow,2 Qing L Hu,2 Kevin C Soares,1 Caitlin W Hicks,1 Faris Azar,1 Nelson Rodriguez-Unda,3 Katherine E Poruk,1 Peter Cornell,1 Karen K Burce,1 Carisa M Cooney,3 Hien T Nguyen,1 Frederic E Eckhauser1 1Department of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; 3Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA Abstract: Surgical site infections (SSIs complicate the postoperative course of a significant proportion of general abdominal surgical patients and are associated with excessive health care costs. SSIs increase postoperative morbidity and mortality, and may require hospital admission, intravenous antibiotics, and even surgical reintervention. Risks associated with SSIs are related to both host and perioperative factors. However, a vast majority of these infections are preventable. More recently, quality initiative programs such as American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program are expanding their roles to help better monitor adherence to improvement measures. Indeed, standardizing preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis timing is perhaps the most persuasive example and this has been integral to reducing postoperative SSI rates. Herein, the authors provide an update on the epidemiology, risk factors, identification, and management of wound infections following abdominal surgery. Keywords: surgical site infection, diagnosis, treatment, prevention

  20. How pre-service elementary teachers express emotions about climate change and related disciplinary ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hufnagel, Elizabeth J.

    As we face the challenges of serious environmental issues, science education has made a commitment to improving environmental literacy, in particular climate literacy (NRC, 2012; 2013). With an increased focus on climate change education in the United States, more research on the teaching and learning of this problem in science classrooms is occurring (e.g. Arslan, Cigdemoglu, & Moseley, 2012; Svihla & Linn, 2012). However, even though people experience a range of emotions about global problems like climate change (Hicks & Holden, 2007; Ojala, 2012; Rickinson, 2001), little attention is given to their emotions about the problem in science classrooms. Because emotions are evaluative (Boler, 1999; Keltner & Gross, 1999), they provided a lens for understanding how students engage personally with climate change. In this study, I drew from sociolinguistics, social psychology, and the sociology of emotions to examine a) the social interactions that allowed for emotional expressions to be constructed and b) the ways in which pre-service elementary teachers constructed emotional expressions about climate change in a science course. Three overall findings emerged: 1) emotions provided a means of understanding how students' conceptualized climate to be relevant to their lives, 2) emotional expressions and the aboutness of these expressions indicated that the students conceptualized climate change as distanced, both temporally and spatially, and 3) although most emotional constructions were distanced, there were multiple instances of emotional expressions in which students took climate change personally. Following a discussion of the findings, implications, limitations, and directions for future research are also described.

  1. Inconsistency of Legal Provisions: Failure in Introducin the Clawback Tax on the Romanian Medicines Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica PETCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The performance of economic systems de- pends both on using resources with maximum efficiency and on society’s income redistribution. Any socio-economic decision has to ensure Pareto efficiency or, according to the Kaldor-Hicks principle, to provide net benefit after the compensation of the involved social costs.Health and education are main development vectors of all nations and funds oriented in these fields are major capital investments, for which recent utilities are ignored in favor of future ones that are much more important due to their major effects on the ostensible growth of society’s capabilities. The constant insufficiency of financing the health system requires the search of new resources and their much more responsible and efficient management. The clawback tax, which theoretically withdraws a surplus part from the sales value of pharmaceutical companies, given the fact that the paying availability is estimated according to the involved opportunity costs, is a fiscal instrument practiced by many countries with beneficial consequences on the social surplus.The three attempts (three normative acts in three years of the Romanian national authorities to introduce the clawback tax may be considered failures, due to the absence of studies and tests that allow the implementation of accurate, sustainable and non-discriminatory rules and the highlight of compensatory measures.

  2. Tuning Thermoelectric Properties of Chirality Selected Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanagi, Kazuhiro; Oshima, Yuki; Kitamura, Yoshimasa; Maniwa, Yutaka

    Thermoelectrics are a very important technology for efficiently converting waste heat into electric power. Hicks and Dresselhaus proposed an important approach to innovate the performance of thermoelectric devices, which involves using one-dimensional materials and properly tuning their Fermi level (PRB 1993). Therefore, understanding the relationship between the thermoelectric performance and the Fermi level of one-dimensional materials is of great importance to maximize their thermoelectric performance. Single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is an ideal model for one-dimensional materials. Previously we reported continuous p-type and n-type control over the Seebeck coefficients of semiconducting SWCNT networks with diameter of 1.4 nm through an electric double layer transistor setup using an ionic liquid as the electrolyte (Yanagi et al., Nano Lett. 14, 6437 2014). We clarified the thermoelectric properties of semiconducting SWCNTs with diameter of 1.4 nm as a function of Fermi level. In this study, we investigated how the chiralities or electronic structures of SWCNTs influence on the thermoelectric properties. We found the significant difference in the line-shape of Seebeck coefficient as a function of gate voltage between the different electronic structures of SWCNTs.

  3. PIV Measurements on a Blowing Flap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutcheson, Florence V.; Stead, Daniel J.

    2004-01-01

    PIV measurements of the flow in the region of a flap side edge are presented for several blowing flap configurations. The test model is a NACA 63(sub 2)-215 Hicks Mod-B main-element airfoil with a half-span Fowler flap. Air is blown from small slots located along the flap side edge on either the top, bottom or side surfaces. The test set up is described and flow measurements for a baseline and three blowing flap configurations are presented. The effects that the flap tip jets have on the structure of the flap side edge flow are discussed for each of the flap configurations tested. The results indicate that blowing air from a slot located along the top surface of the flap greatly weakened the top vortex system and pushed it further off the top surface. Blowing from the bottom flap surface kept the strong side vortex further outboard while blowing from the side surface only strengthened the vortex system or accelerated the merging of the side vortex to the flap top surface. It is concluded that blowing from the top or bottom surfaces of the flap may lead to a reduction of flap side edge noise.

  4. Amygdala Reactivity and Negative Emotionality: Divergent Correlates of Antisocial Personality and Psychopathy Traits in a Community Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Luke W.; Byrd, Amy L.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Hariri, Ahmad R.; Manuck, Stephen B.

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have emphasized that antisocial personality disorder (APD) and psychopathy overlap highly but differ critically in several features, notably negative emotionality (NEM) and possibly amygdala reactivity to social signals of threat and distress. Here we examined whether dimensions of psychopathy and APD correlate differentially with NEM and amygdala reactivity to emotional faces. Testing these relationships among healthy individuals, dimensions of psychopathy and APD were generated by the profile matching technique of Lynam and Widiger (2001), using facet scales of the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised, and amygdala reactivity was measured using a well-established emotional faces task, in a community sample of 103 men and women. Higher psychopathy scores were associated with lower NEM and lower amygdala reactivity, whereas higher APD scores were related to greater NEM and greater amygdala reactivity, but only after overlapping variance in APD and psychopathy was adjusted for in the statistical model. Amygdala reactivity did not mediate the relationship of APD and psychopathy scores to NEM. Supplemental analyses also compared other measures of factors within psychopathy in predicting NEM and amygdala reactivity and found that Factor 2 psychopathy was positively related to NEM and amygdala reactivity across measures of psychopathy. The overall findings replicate seminal observations on NEM in psychopathy by Hicks and Patrick (2006) and extend this work to neuroimaging in a normative population. They also suggest that one critical way in which APD and psychopathy dimensions may differ in their etiology is through their opposing levels of NEM and amygdala reactivity to threat. PMID:24661171

  5. Robust Airfoil Optimization with Multi-objective Estimation of Distribution Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Xiaoping; Ding Jifeng; Li Weiji; Zhang Yong

    2008-01-01

    A transonic airfoil designed by means of classical point-optimization may result in its dramatically inferior performance under off-design conditious. To overcome this shortcoming, robust design is proposed to fred out the optimal profile of an airfoil to maintain its performance in an uncertain environment. The robust airfoil optimization is aimed to minimize mean values and variances of drag coefficients while satisfying the lift and thickness constraints over a range of Maeb numbers. A multi-objective estimation of distribution algorithm is applied to the robust airfoil optimization on the base of the RAE2822 benchmark airfoil. The shape of the airfoil is obtained through superposing ten Hick-Heune shape functions upon the benchmark airfoil. A set of design points is selected according to a uniform design table for aerodynamic evaluation. A Kriging model of drag coefficient is coustrueted with those points to reduce eumputing costs. Over the Maeh range fi'om 0.7 to 0.8, the airfoil generated by the robust optimization has a configuration characterized by supercritical airfoil with low drag coefficients. The small fluctuation in its drag coefficients means that the performance of the robust airfoil is insensitive to variation of Mach number.

  6. LLE Review 117 (October-December 2008)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bittle, W., editor

    2009-05-28

    This volume of the LLE Review, covering October-December 2008, features 'Demonstration of the Shock-Timing Technique for Ignition Targets at the National Ignition Facility' by T. R. Boehly, V. N. Goncharov, S. X. Hu, J. A. Marozas, T. C. Sangster, D. D. Meyerhofer (LLE), D. Munro, P. M. Celliers, D. G. Hicks, G. W. Collins, H. F. Robey, O. L. Landen (LLNL), and R. E. Olson (SNL). In this article (p. 1) the authors report on a technique to measure the velocity and timing of shock waves in a capsule contained within hohlraum targets. This technique is critical for optimizing the drive profiles for high-performance inertial-confinement-fusion capsules, which are compressed by multiple precisely timed shock waves. The shock-timing technique was demonstrated on OMEGA using surrogate hohlraum targets heated to 180 eV and fitted with a re-entrant cone and quartz window to facilitate velocity measurements using velocity interferometry. Cryogenic experiments using targets filled with liquid deuterium further demonstrated the entire timing technique in a hohlraum environment. Direct-drive cryogenic targets with multiple spherical shocks were also used to validate this technique, including convergence effects at relevant pressures (velocities) and sizes. These results provide confidence that shock velocity and timing can be measured in NIF ignition targets, thereby optimizing these critical parameters.

  7. "Let's get down to business: a validation study of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory among a sample of MBA students.".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinze, Peter; Allen, Rhianon; Magai, Carol; Ritzler, Barry

    2010-08-01

    While the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) has gained increasing attention as a measure of noncriminal psychopathy, absent has been research involving samples including business people. This study investigated the validity of the PPI with such a population by examining the association between psychopathic traits and moral decision-making among MBA students. Sixty-six MBA students were assessed using the PPI, the MACH-IV (a measure of Machiavellianism), the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ), and the Defining Issues Test (DIT-2). Only PPI Machiavellian Egocentricity was associated with level of post-conventional moral reasoning. MACH-IV Machiavellianism was a stronger predictor of the Subjectivist ethical position than were PPI subscales. However, a combination of MACH-IV Machiavellianism and four PPI scales accounted for 46% of the variance in Subjectivism. Results suggested that Machiavellian Egocentricity and Machiavellianism are distinct constructs. Benning, Patrick, Hicks, Blonigen, & Krueger (2003)'s two factor model of the PPI was also supported. In general, the findings provided further validation for the PPI as a tool for assessing psychopathic traits among "mainstream" individuals, including business people.

  8. Constant Resistance Is Not Constant Termperature Anemometry - A Lesson From the PWM-CTA Simulation and Its Impact on All CTA Frequency Responce Evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Scott; Foss, John

    1998-11-01

    The transient response of a hot-wire sensor has been simulated numerically ala Perry(Perry, A., (1982), Hotwire Anemometry, Oxford Press.). The recently developed Pulse-Width-Modulated Constant Temperature Anemometer (PWM-CTA(J.F.Foss,D.G. Bohl, and T.J. Hicks (1996) ``The Pulse Width Modulated-Constant Temperature Anemometer,'' Meas. Sci. and Tech., vol. 7, pp. 1388-1395.)) was the power source for the sensor. The simplicity of this electrical circuit has permitted the simulation to reveal a distinctive feature of the sensor's response. A typical sensor was "calibrated" in the model for 3t_0) = 25m/sec. The indicated velocity did not equal the established Q(t>t_o) value albeit the proper overheat resistance was achieved in one time step. The discrepancy is a result of transient effects in the temperature distribution: T(z) and the non-linear coupling between the velocity and the heat transfer. This effect will be present in all CTA operations. The ``effective frequency response'' will be discussed.

  9. Using a shock control bump to improve the performance of an axial compressor blade section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazaheri, K.; Khatibirad, S.

    2017-03-01

    Here, we use numerical analysis to study the effects of a shock control bump (SCB) on the performance of a transonic axial compressor blade section and to optimize its shape and location to improve the compressor performance. A section of the NASA rotor 67 blade is used for this study. Two Bézier curves, each consisting of seven control points, are used to model the suction and pressure surfaces of the blade section. The SCB is modeled with the Hicks-Henne function and, using five design parameters, is added to the suction side. The total pressure loss through a cascade of blade sections is selected as the cost function. A continuous adjoint optimization method is used along with a RANS solver to find a new blade section shape. A grid independence study is performed, and all optimization and flow solver algorithms are validated. Two single-point optimizations are performed in the design condition and in an off-design condition. It is shown that both optimized shapes have overall better performance for both on-design and off-design conditions. An analysis is given regarding how the SCB has changed the wave structure between blade sections resulting in a more favorable flow pattern.

  10. Calculation of mixture critical diagrams using an equation of state based on the lattice fluid theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mattedi

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A modified form of the Hicks and Young algorithm was used with the Mattedi-Tavares-Castier lattice equation of state (MTC lattice EOS to calculate critical points of binary mixtures that exhibit several types of critical behavior. Several qualitative aspects of the critical curves, such as maxima and minima in critical pressure, and minima in critical temperature, could be predicted using the MTC lattice EOS. These results were in agreement with experimental information available in the literature, illustrating the flexibility of the functional form of the MTC lattice EOS. We observed however that the MTC lattice EOS failed to predict maxima in pressure for two of the studied systems: ethane + ethanol and methane + n-hexane. We also observed that the agreement between the calculated and experimental critical properties was at most semi-quantitative in some examples. Despite these limitations, in many ways similar to those of other EOS in common use when applied to critical point calculations, we can conclude that the MTC lattice EOS has the ability to predict several types of critical curves of complex shape.

  11. 基于变精度遗传算法的翼型快速优化设计方法%Rapid design and optimization of airfoil based on improved genetic algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宵; 孟光磊; 佟胜喜; 刘晓青

    2016-01-01

    Electric aircraft with low carbon consumption is gradually developed along with the growing demand of civilian aircraft. The production of electric aircraft pursues lower costs and shorter development cycle. In the process of designing an airfoil, it is hard to select the initial airfoil, and most optimization methods are very time consuming. An improved genetic algorithm ( GA) with variable resolution is developed for rapid multi-objective optimization of airfoils. Based on the original Hicks-Henne shape function, the representation of airfoil on trailing edge is improved. In the calculation of aerodynamic parameters, a subsonic airfoil development system XFOIL is introduced which is faster than conventional CFD software, and the applicability and limitation of XFOIL is also analyzed. Then a joint method combining XFOIL and Matlab is proposed, and it realizes a full automatic design of airfoil without the intervention of human. In the stage of optimization, parameters of airfoil are real-coded to maintain high accuracy and efficiency. In addition, the conventional GA is improved by hybridization with variable resolution and dynamic penalty. At last, the integrated design solution of rapid multi-objective and multi-point optimization is summarized. Simulation is divided into two parts, and the improved Hicks-Henne shape function can change the angle of trailing edge effectively. By the comparison with elitist nondominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II), the proposed method will get higher lift to drag ratio within certain number of iterations, the stall characteristic is more moderate, and it especially improves efficiency performance. The integrated design solution is accelerated by numerical calculation and improved GA, and it has a lower computational cost. The simulation results show that the method is useful in engineering conditioning for the rapid design and optimization of airfoil shapes, particularly in the preliminary design stage, such as the

  12. A new genus of Ectinosomatidae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida from sublittoral sediments in Ubatuba, São Paulo State, Brazil, including an updated key to genera and notes on Noodtiella Wells, 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terue Kihara

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Both sexes of a new genus and species of Ectinosomatidae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida from sublittoral sediments collected on the inner continental shelf in Ubatuba, São Paulo State (Brazil are described in detail. Chaulionyx gen. n. (type species: C. paivacarvalhoi sp. n. differs from all known genera in the presence of a conspicuous bifid spine on the prehensile P1 endopod. It can be differentiated from other genera with a prehensile endopod (Halophytophilus Brian, 1919; Bradyellopsis Brian, 1925; Klieosoma Hicks & Schriever, 1985 by the presence of distinctive subrectangular middorsal pores on the urosomites and the unarmed male sixth legs. The genus Lineosoma Wells, 1965 is recognized as a paraphyletic taxon and relegated to a junior subjective synonym of Noodtiella Wells, 1965. Arenosetella pectinata Chappuis, 1954a is removed from its floating position in Ectinosomoides Nicholls, 1945, transferred to the genus Noodtiella as N. pectinata comb. n. and considered the senior subjective synonym of N. toukae Mitwally & Montagna, 2001. Dichotomous keys are provided for the identification of the 18 valid species of Noodtiella and the 21 valid genera of the family Ectinosomatidae. Halophytophilus aberrans Wells & Rao, 1987 is placed species incertae sedis in the family.

  13. Directional alignment of FeCo crystallites in Si/NiFe/Ru/FeCoB multilayer with high anisotropy field above 500 Oe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Ken-Ichiro; Gomi, Shunsuke; Nakagawa, Shigeki

    2011-03-01

    In-plane magnetic anisotropy and crystal structure of FeCoB layer on Si/NiFe/Ru underlayer were investigated by using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) measurement. A pole-figure measurement of XRD showed directionally tilted alignment of FeCo crystallites in Si/NiFe/Ru/FeCoB multilayered film with high in-plane anisotropy field H(k) but no directional alignment was found in FeCoB single layered film. The higher H(k) appeared in the Si/NiFe/Ru/FeCoB multilayered configuration with the thicker FeCoB layer. Since Ru crystallites in a multiunderlayer configuration exhibited no directional alignment, the surface structure of underlayer should be no main reason for the directional alignment of FeCo crystallites deposited on it. The dependence of hickness of FeCoB layer in Si/NiFe/Ru/FeCoB film on H(k) indicated that the in-plane magnetic anisotropy is caused by not only the structure of Ru underlayer but also oblique incidence effect of sputtered particles, which is attained in configuration of Facing Targets Sputtering (FTS) system. From these experimental results, remarkably high H(k) of 540 Oe was obtained.

  14. Kesatuan Transenden Agama-Agama dalam Perspektif Tasawuf (Kritik atas Pemikiran Frithjof Schuon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Muslich Rizal Maulana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available As one of the many themes that get a lot of attention on contemporary issues of Sufism is transcendent unity of religion from perspective of perennial philosophy. Perennial philosophy believes a universal and eternal unity of religion rest on its esoteric dimension. Esoteric dimension has it different concept with exoteric dimension, whereas esoteric dimension is inner dimension that spiritual, exoteric dimension is outer dimension of religions in the form of ritual, or other branches of the secondary nature of religions. This view would then imply the understanding of the validity of religious pluralism in the form of Sufism legitimacy. One of the figures was quite inspiring teachings perennial philosophy is Frithjof Schuon. Schuon, became one of the initiators of the transcendent unity of religions in the Sufism legitimacy that in its development and has a very strong relationship to the development of religious pluralism that is modern as are held by Chittick, Hick, or WC Smith. This paper will tries to analyze critically the origin of the transcendent unity of religions in the perspective of Sufism by arguing Frithjof Schuon.

  15. Progress on the Low Frequency All Sky Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, James; Jenet, Fredrick; Craig, Joseph; Creighton, Teviet David; Percy Dartez, Louis; Ford, Anthony J.; Hernandez, Andrés; Hicks, Brian; Hinojosa, Jesus; Jaramillo, Ricardo; Kassim, Namir E.; Lazio, Joseph; Lunsford, Grady; Miller, Rossina B.; Ray, Paul S.; Rivera, Jesus; Taylor, Gregory B.; Teitelbaum, Lawrence; CenterAdvanced Radio Astronomy, University of Texas at Brownsville, University of New Mexico, Naval Research Laboratory, Jet Propulsion Laborator

    2015-01-01

    The Low Frequency All Sky Monitor (LoFASM) is a system of geographically separated radio arrays dedicated to the study of radio transients. LoFASM consists of four stations, each comprised of 12 cross-dipole antennas designed to operate between 10-88MHz. The antennas and front end electronics for LoFASM were designed by the Naval Research Laboratory for the Long Wavelength Array (LWA) project (cf. Hicks et al. PASP 124, 1090 (2012)). All four stations are currently operational and in the commissioning stage . Over the last 3 years, undergraduate and graduate students from the University of Texas at Brownsville's Center for Advanced Radio Astronomy have been establishing these stations around the continental US, consisting of sites located in Port Mansfield, Texas, the LWA North Arm site of the LWA1 Radio Observatory in New Mexico, adjacent to the North Arm of the Very Large Array, the Green Bank Radio Observatory, West Virginia, and the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex, California. In combination with the establishment of these sites was the development of the analog hardware, which consists of custom RF splitter/combiners and a custom amplifier and filter chain designed at Center for Advanced Radio Astronomy (CARA). This poster will expound on progress in site installation and the development of the analog signal chain, specifically the redesigned analog receiving system.

  16. Weighing of risk factors for penetrating keratoplasty graft failure: application of Risk Score System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdo Karim Tourkmani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To analyze the relationship between the score obtained in the Risk Score System (RSS proposed by Hicks et al with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP graft failure at 1y postoperatively and among each factor in the RSS with the risk of PKP graft failure using univariate and multivariate analysis. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study had 152 PKPs from 152 patients. Eighteen cases were excluded from our study due to primary failure (10 cases, incomplete medical notes (5 cases and follow-up less than 1y (3 cases. We included 134 PKPs from 134 patients stratified by preoperative risk score. Spearman coefficient was calculated for the relationship between the score obtained and risk of failure at 1y. Univariate and multivariate analysis were calculated for the impact of every single risk factor included in the RSS over graft failure at 1y. RESULTS: Spearman coefficient showed statistically significant correlation between the score in the RSS and graft failure (P0.05 between diagnosis and lens status with graft failure. The relationship between the other risk factors studied and graft failure was significant (P<0.05, although the results for previous grafts and graft failure was unreliable. None of our patients had previous blood transfusion, thus, it had no impact. CONCLUSION: After the application of multivariate analysis techniques, some risk factors do not show the expected impact over graft failure at 1y.

  17. Impact of familiarity on information complexity in human-computer interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakaev Maxim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A quantitative measure of information complexity remains very much desirable in HCI field, since it may aid in optimization of user interfaces, especially in human-computer systems for controlling complex objects. Our paper is dedicated to exploration of subjective (subject-depended aspect of the complexity, conceptualized as information familiarity. Although research of familiarity in human cognition and behaviour is done in several fields, the accepted models in HCI, such as Human Processor or Hick-Hyman’s law do not generally consider this issue. In our experimental study the subjects performed search and selection of digits and letters, whose familiarity was conceptualized as frequency of occurrence in numbers and texts. The analysis showed significant effect of information familiarity on selection time and throughput in regression models, although the R2 values were somehow low. Still, we hope that our results might aid in quantification of information complexity and its further application for optimizing interaction in human-machine systems.

  18. Identifying Sources of Scientific Knowledge: classifying non-source items in the WoS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calero-Medina, C.M.

    2016-07-01

    The sources of scientific knowledge can be tracked using the references in scientific publications. For instance, the publications from the scientific journals covered by the Web of Science database (WoS) contain references to publications for which an indexed source record exist in the WoS (source items) or to references for which an indexed source record does not exist in the WoS (non-source items). The classification of the non-source items is the main objective of the work in progress presented here. Some other scholars have classified and identified non-source items with different purposes (e.g. Butler & Visser (2006); Liseé, Larivière & Archambault (2008); Nerderhof, van Leeuwen & van Raan (2010); Hicks & Wang (2013); Boyack & Klavans (2014)). But these studies are focused in specific source types, fields or set of papers. The work presented here is much broader in terms of the number of publications, source types and fields. (Author)

  19. Toward A Constructive Postmodern Pluralism on the Perspectives of Alfred North Whitehead and David Ray Griffin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwanto Purwanto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tidak bisa dipungkiri perkembangan pemikiran keagamaan selalu memberikan corak yang dinamis, salah satunya adalah pemikiran tentang posmodernisme. Kaitannya dengan hal tersebut istilah pluralism posmodern konstruktif merupakan salah satu pemikiran posmodern yang menjadi kajian utama dalam tulisan ini. Meskipun banyak yang menolak penggunaan kata posmodernisme karena banyaknya asumsi yang berkembang namun istilah tersebut mempunyai kegunaan lebih dalam menyelami pemikiran-pemikiran yang berkembang saat ini. Saya menggunakan istilah tersebut untuk membedakan dua macam pluralism; 1 pluralism modern yang mencari kesamaan dasar pada tiap tradisi agama yang berbeda, dan 2 pluralisme posmodern yang menolak setiap pencarian dasar kesamaan berdasarkan penekanan terhadap keragaman dan keutamaan agama. Dari situ, artikel ini menjelaskan tentang ide-ide seputar pluralisme posmodern konstruktif (constructive postmodern pluralism. Selain itu, pembahasan dalam artikel ini lebih banyak bertumpu pada pemikiran dua tokoh, yakni Alfred North Whitehead, yang diperkenalkan dan dikembangkan oleh Cobb, dan David Ray Griffin. Pluralisme yang diusung dua tokoh ini melampaui gagasan pluralisme yang dijelaskan oleh John Hick, yaitu pluralisme yang menempatkan agama dalam posisi dasar the same down deep. 

  20. The contribution of several Nobel Laureates in the development of the Theory of general economic equilibrium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina Xhelili Krasniqi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nobel Laureates with their contributions to the development of the theory of general equilibrium have enabled this theory to be one of the most important for theoretical and practical analysis of the overall economy and the efficient use of economic resources. Results of the research showing that contributions of Nobel Laureates in the economy belong to two main frameworks of development of the general equilibrium theory: one was the mathematical model of general equilibrium developed by John R. Hicks (1939, Kenneth J.Arrow (1951 and Gerard Debreu (1954 and second frames of general equilibrium belongs to Paul A. Samuelson (1958. To highlight the contributions of these Nobel laureates in the development of the theory of general equilibrium have been selected and are presented in the paper some views, estimates and assumptions that have contributed not only in solving concrete problems, but also to the development of economic science in general. Their works represent a synthesis of theoretical and practical aspects of treatment of general equilibrium which are the starting point for further research in this field.

  1. Amygdala reactivity and negative emotionality: divergent correlates of antisocial personality and psychopathy traits in a community sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Luke W; Byrd, Amy L; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Hariri, Ahmad R; Manuck, Stephen B

    2014-02-01

    Previous studies have emphasized that antisocial personality disorder (APD) and psychopathy overlap highly but differ critically in several features, notably negative emotionality (NEM) and possibly amygdala reactivity to social signals of threat and distress. Here we examined whether dimensions of psychopathy and APD correlate differentially with NEM and amygdala reactivity to emotional faces. Testing these relationships among healthy individuals, dimensions of psychopathy and APD were generated by the profile matching technique of Lynam and Widiger (2001), using facet scales of the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised, and amygdala reactivity was measured using a well-established emotional faces task, in a community sample of 103 men and women. Higher psychopathy scores were associated with lower NEM and lower amygdala reactivity, whereas higher APD scores were related to greater NEM and greater amygdala reactivity, but only after overlapping variance in APD and psychopathy was adjusted for in the statistical model. Amygdala reactivity did not mediate the relationship of APD and psychopathy scores to NEM. Supplemental analyses also compared other measures of factors within psychopathy in predicting NEM and amygdala reactivity and found that Factor 2 psychopathy was positively related to NEM and amygdala reactivity across measures of psychopathy. The overall findings replicate seminal observations on NEM in psychopathy by Hicks and Patrick (2006) and extend this work to neuroimaging in a normative population. They also suggest that one critical way in which APD and psychopathy dimensions may differ in their etiology is through their opposing levels of NEM and amygdala reactivity to threat.

  2. The challenge and importance of standardizing pre-analytical variables in surgical pathology specimens for clinical care and translational research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, D G; Boyce, B F

    2012-01-01

    The introduction of targeted cancer therapies into clinical practice, in which patients are selected for novel treatments based on results of companion molecular testing of their tumor specimens, has created significant new challenges for the surgical pathology laboratory. These include standardization of tissue handling and sample preparation with accurate documentation to ensure optimal quality of clinical samples to reduce the risk of errors in molecular biology tests. The assay of tumor tissues for biomarkers that can provide predictive data for prognosis or treatment should enable selection of the most appropriate therapies (Yaziji et al. 2008, Hicks and Kulkarni 2008). Major advances have been made in the ability to profile clinical samples for research at the DNA, RNA and protein levels. To translate this new information into the clinical setting, however, the quality of the starting material, in this case the tumor tissue, determines the accuracy and reliability of companion diagnostic assay results and therefore optimal therapeutic strategies. Inaccurate results owing to compromised tissue quality can lead to false positive or false negative results with therapeutic consequences that can harm patients and affect their eventual outcome.

  3. Attenuation tomography in the rupture area of the 2010 M8.8 Maule, Chile, earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heather-Smith, Helen; Rietbrock, Andreas

    2016-04-01

    In recent years several seismological studies have developed a detailed image of the megathrust interface between the subducting Nazca plate and and the overriding South American plate in the rupture area of the 2010 M8.8 Maule, Chile, earthquake. Hicks et al. (2014) have published a high resolution 3D seismic tomography model and characterised the different regimes acting along the interface based on their seismic properties. A more detailed study by Moreno et al. (2014) showed that the seismic Vp/Vs ratio and inter-seismic locking determined from GPS measurements are correlated. Together these observations open up the possibility to map the rupture potential of possible future earthquakes, although the underlying processes are yet not fully understood and a more in depth analysis of other physical properties is needed. 3D seismic attenuation structure as well as seismic stress-drop distribution based on the aftershock seismicity are providing independent data sets to better constrain the physical processes acting along the subduction zone interface. As seismic attenuation is particularly sensitive to fluid saturation it opens up the possibility to study more directly the influence of fluids on aftershock activity as compared to standard velocity tomography studies. Based on our event catalogue of approximately 30,000 aftershocks we are currently selecting the most appropriate data set for the staggered 3D attenuation tomography. The inverted attenuation model will then be used to calculate seismic stress drop values for the complete aftershock catalogue. We will present our preliminary 3D attenuation model together with our stress drop estimates and compare our finding to the 3D velocity structure and slip distribution.

  4. 3D seismic velocity structure in the rupture area of the 2014 M8.2 Iquique earthquake in Northern Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woollam, Jack; Fuenzallida, Amaya; Garth, Tom; Rietbrock, Andreas; Ruiz, Sergio; Tavera, Hernando

    2016-04-01

    Seismic velocity tomography is one of the key tools in Earth sciences to image the physical properties of the subsurface. In recent years significant advances have been made to image the Chilean subductions zone, especially in the area of the 2010 M8.8 Maule earthquake (e.g. Hicks et al., 2014), providing much needed physical constraints for earthquakes source inversions and rupture models. In 2014 the M8.2 Iquique earthquake struck the northern part of the Chilean subduction zone in close proximity to the Peruvian boarder. The pre- and aftershock sequence of this major earthquake was recorded by a densified seismological network in Northern Chile and Southern Peru, which provides an excellent data set to study in depth the 3D velocity structure along the subduction megathrust. Based on an automatic event catalogue of nearly 10,000 events spanning the time period March to May 2014 we selected approximately 450 events for a staggered 3D inversion approach. Events are selected to guarantee an even ray coverage through the inversion volume. We only select events with a minimum GAP of 200 to improve depth estimates and therefore increase resolution in the marine forearc. Additionally, we investigate secondary arrivals between the P- and S-wave arrival to improve depth location. Up to now we have processed about 450 events, from which about 150 with at least 30 P- and S-wave observations have been selected for the subsequent 3D tomography. Overall the data quality is very high, which allows arrival time estimates better than 0.05s on average. We will show results from the 1D, 2D, and preliminary 3D inversions and discuss the results together with the obtained seismicity distribution.

  5. Spectrophotometry and the Development of Emissions for Comet Hyakutake 1996 B2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, M.; Fink, U.

    1996-09-01

    An analysis of our spectrophotometry of Comet Hyakutake 1996 B2 from 0.55 mu m to 1.05 mu m obtained between February 17 and April 17 1996 is presented. We derive Afrho values and production rates of H_2O, C_2, NH_2, and CN. In general we find the Haser model to be substantiated with no inconsistencies for different aperture sizes and different heliocentric and geocentric distances. Comet Hyakutake is the dustiest comet in our database of 39 comets (Fink and Hicks 1996) and both the dust and the H_2O production rates follow a heliocentric dependence of ~ r(-1.5) , lower than the ~ r(-2.5) dependence found for P/Halley (Fink 1994). The Afrho values and the H_2O production rates track the visual lightcurve quite well. Strong evidence for quenching of OI emissions close to the nucleus was observed during the March data due to the comet's small geocentric distance. While the CN production rate also has a dependence of ~ r(-1.5) with a CN/H_2O ratio typical of most comets, the C_2 production rate has a much steeper slope, ~ r(-2.5) , and the C_2/H_2O ratio evolves from a typical cometary ratio to one that is exceedingly rich in C_2. We feel that this is evidence for a significant CHON contribution to the overall C_2 production. The NH_2 production is considerably flatter and follows roughly a ~ r(-0.85) law. In February and March, Hyakutake exhibits the highest relative NH_2 abundance of any comet in our database, but reverts to more a normal value in April. All together, we feel that the behavior of the comet's Afrho and production rates throughout its apparition argue for a more primordial comet than may be suggested by the orbital elements alone.

  6. Precision Shock Timing Measurements to set the Fuel Adiabat in Ignition Implosions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celliers, Peter

    2011-10-01

    An experimental campaign to tune the initial shock compression sequence of capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) was initiated in late 2010. The experiments use a NIF ignition-scale hohlraum and capsule that employs a re-entrant cone to provide optical access to the shocks as they propagate in the liquid deuterium-filled capsule interior. The strength and timing of the shock sequence is diagnosed with velocity interferometry that provides target performance data used to set the pulse shape for ignition capsule implosions that follow. From the start, these measurements yielded significant new information on target performance, leading to improvements both in the target design and in the physics packages in the radiation-hydrodynamic codes used to design and model these targets. We can set an accurately tuned pulse shape within a series of approximately 5 shots. The results and interpretation of these tuning experiments will be described. In collaboration with: T.R. Boehly, H.F. Robey, J.L. Kline, D.R. Farley, S. Le Pape, J.D. Moody, R.E. Olson, D.H. Munro, J.L. Milovich, P.A. Sterne, O.S. Jones, D.A. Callahan, A. Nikroo, J.J. Kroll, J.B. Horner, A.V. Hamza, S.D. Bhandarkar, J.H. Eggert, R.F. Smith, D.G. Hicks, H.-S Park, B.K. Young, W.W. Hsing, G.W. Collins, O.L. Landen and the NIC team. This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

  7. Grain Price, Level of Income and Security of Urban Low-Income Population%粮食价格、收入水准与城镇低收入人群保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春燕; 蒋乃华

    2012-01-01

    城镇居民是粮食的净消费者,粮食价格上涨其实际收入将下降。受制于收入水平,城镇低收入人群的各项商品仅能满足基本生活需求,粮食也不例外。当粮食价格上涨其能够获得的粮食及非粮商品将减少,粮食安全将会受到威胁。相对于价格补贴,收入补贴的政策成本更低,补贴资金的使用效率更高,改善城镇不同收入人群间收入差距的效果更好,因而,它是更好的政策选择。就收入补贴而言,等效用补贴又优于等量补贴。%Urban residents are net consumers of grain. Thus, if the grain price goes up, their income will decline. Constrained by income, all commodities including grain just can meet the basic requirements of urban low-income population. When grain price is rising, both grain and non-grain commodities they get become less, and food securi- ty will be threatened. Compared with price subsidy, income subsidy has advantages with lower cost, higher efficiency of using and better effect to shorten the income gap among urban residents of different income levels. Therefore, the income subsidy policy is a preferable option. As for income subsidy, Hicks subsidy is better than Slutsky subsidy.

  8. The Crisis of Economic Theory in the Middle of the Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia MĂRGINEAN

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Keynesian economics has lost much of its effectiveness as a paradigm of world capitalism as a whole, or as a paradigm of individual developed capitalist economies. The decline of the United States as a hegemonic power capable of imposing its will over others has seen to the erosion of the relevance of the Keynesian doctrine on the global scale. The Philips curve and what Hicks calls the “social” pressure on wages have severely restricted the field of Keynesian policy at home – even through the ruling classes continue to use Keynesian theory as their paradigm. The most important lesson from Keynes work may be that the macroeconomist should start from the important problems of the day and should face the following questions: 1 How can we to understand what are is happening right now? 2 What can be done about it? What is the best policy to follow? 3 Do recent events force us to modify what is today widely accepted economic theory? If so, what is wrong and how might we go about arriving at a more satisfying theory? The most important economic problem of today is current financial crisis that started in the United States. What might we learn from Keynesian theory about it? The current situation is almost the opposite of the one that Keynes dealt with in the “General Theory”. Now day’s economics lacks an anchored understanding of the nature of the reality that economics is supposed to illuminate. Instability of leverage, connectivity, and potential instability of the price level have all been neglected in stable – with – fractions macro theory. Technical innovations will not bring real progress as long as “stability – with – fractions” remains the ruling paradigm. Meanwhile, governments are not prepared to face another crisis.

  9. Aerodynamic shape optimization using control theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reuther, James

    1996-01-01

    Aerodynamic shape design has long persisted as a difficult scientific challenge due its highly nonlinear flow physics and daunting geometric complexity. However, with the emergence of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) it has become possible to make accurate predictions of flows which are not dominated by viscous effects. It is thus worthwhile to explore the extension of CFD methods for flow analysis to the treatment of aerodynamic shape design. Two new aerodynamic shape design methods are developed which combine existing CFD technology, optimal control theory, and numerical optimization techniques. Flow analysis methods for the potential flow equation and the Euler equations form the basis of the two respective design methods. In each case, optimal control theory is used to derive the adjoint differential equations, the solution of which provides the necessary gradient information to a numerical optimization method much more efficiently then by conventional finite differencing. Each technique uses a quasi-Newton numerical optimization algorithm to drive an aerodynamic objective function toward a minimum. An analytic grid perturbation method is developed to modify body fitted meshes to accommodate shape changes during the design process. Both Hicks-Henne perturbation functions and B-spline control points are explored as suitable design variables. The new methods prove to be computationally efficient and robust, and can be used for practical airfoil design including geometric and aerodynamic constraints. Objective functions are chosen to allow both inverse design to a target pressure distribution and wave drag minimization. Several design cases are presented for each method illustrating its practicality and efficiency. These include non-lifting and lifting airfoils operating at both subsonic and transonic conditions.

  10. Virulence factors and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of extraintestinal Escherichia coli isolated from an avian colisepticemia outbreak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Jonas Fernandes; Matter, Letícia Beatriz; Trindade, Michele Martins; Camillo, Giovana; Lovato, Maristela; de Ávila Botton, Sônia; Castagna de Vargas, Agueda

    2017-02-01

    In this study an avian colisepticemia outbreak was investigated. Two isolates from a chicken with colisepticemia were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors profile. For this purpose 7 antimicrobial and 29 genes (fimH, hrlA/hek, iha, papC, sfa/focCD, tsh, mat, tia, gimB, ibeA, chuA, fyuA, ireA, iroN, irp2, iucD, sitD. chr., sitD. ep., iss, neuC, ompA, traT, astA, hlyA, sat, vat, pic, malX, cvi/cva) were tested. The outbreak happened in a hick chicken breeding located in the northwestern region of Rio Grande do Sul state in South of Brazil and caused 28.3% (102 deads of a total of 360 chickens) of mortality rate. Escherichia coli isolates obtained from the avian spleen and liver belong to the same phylogenetic group A and present resistance to all antimicrobials tested (ampicillin, tetracycline, gentamicin, neomycin, sulfa + trimethoprim, enrofloxacin, and norfloxacin). Both isolates harbor virulence factors related to adhesion (fimH, papC, mat), invasion (tia), iron acquisition system (iroN) and serum resistance (iss, ompA, traT), showing that these groups are important for Avian Pathogenic E. coli (APEC). However, they present different virulence profiles for some genes, whereas liver-isolate carries more hrlA/hek (adhesin), gimB (invasin), sitD ep. (iron acquisition system), sat (toxin) and hylA (toxin) genes, the spleen-isolate harbors fyuA (iron acquisition system) gene. Here, we highlight a coinfection by different strains of APEC in the same animal with colisepticemia, the great antimicrobial resistance of these bacterial isolates and the genetic traits that modulate the virulence for high mortality rate of chickens for human consumption. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Sleep and Obesity: A focus on animal models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavanji, Vijayakumar; Billington, Charles J.; Kotz, Catherine M.; Teske, Jennifer A.

    2012-01-01

    The rapid rise in obesity prevalence in the modern world parallels a significant reduction in restorative sleep (Agras et al., 2004; Dixon et al., 2007; Dixon et al., 2001; Gangwisch and Heymsfield, 2004; Gupta et al., 2002; Sekine et al., 2002; Vioque et al., 2000; Wolk et al., 2003). Reduced sleep time and quality increases the risk for obesity, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear (Gangwisch et al., 2005; Hicks et al., 1986; Imaki et al., 2002; Jennings et al., 2007; Moreno et al., 2006). A majority of the theories linking human sleep disturbances and obesity rely on self-reported sleep. However, studies with objective measurements of sleep/wake parameters suggest a U-shaped relationship between sleep and obesity. Studies in animal models are needed to improve our understanding of the association between sleep disturbances and obesity. Genetic and experimenter-induced models mimicking characteristics of human obesity are now available and these animal models will be useful in understanding whether sleep disturbances determine propensity for obesity, or result from obesity. These models exhibit weight gain profiles consistently different from control animals. Thus a careful evaluation of animal models will provide insight into the relationship between sleep disturbances and obesity in humans. In this review we first briefly consider the fundamentals of sleep and key sleep disturbances, such as sleep fragmentation and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), observed in obese individuals. Then we consider sleep deprivation studies and the role of circadian alterations in obesity. We describe sleep/wake changes in various rodent models of obesity and obesity resistance. Finally, we discuss possible mechanisms linking sleep disturbances with obesity. PMID:22266350

  12. Dare to Delay?: The Impacts of Adolescent Alcohol and Marijuana Use Onset on Cognition, Brain Struture and Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krista M. Lisdahl

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the world, drug and alcohol use has a clear adolescent onset (Degenhardt et al., 2008. Alcohol continues to be the most popular drug among teens and emerging adults, with almost a third of 12th graders and 40% of college students reporting recent binge drinking (Johnston et al., 2010; Johnston et al., 2009, and marijuana (MJ is the second most popular drug in teens (Johnston et al., 2010. The initiation of drug use is consistent with an overall increase in risk-taking behaviors during adolescence that coincides with significant neurodevelopmental changes in both gray and white matter (Barnea-Goraly et al., 2005; Giedd, Snell et al., 1996; Gogtay et al., 2004; Lenroot & Giedd, 2006; Paus et al., 1999; Sowell et al., 2004; Sowell, Thompson, Holmes, Jernigan, & Toga, 1999; Sowell, Trauner, Gamst, & Jernigan, 2002. Animal studies have suggested that compared to adults, adolescents may be particularly vulnerable to the neurotoxic effects of drugs, especially alcohol and MJ (see Barron et al., 2005; Cha, White, Kuhn, Wilson, & Swartzwelder, 2006; Monti et al., 2005; Rubino et al., 2009; Schneider & Koch, 2003; Spear, 2010. In this review, we will provide a detailed overview of studies that examined the impact of early adolescent onset of alcohol and MJ use on neurocognition (e.g., Ehrenreich et al., 1999; Fried et al., 2005; Gruber et al., 2011; Gruber et al., 2012; Hanson et al., 2011; Hartley et al., 2004; Lisdahl et al., 2012; McQueeny et al., 2009; Medina et al., 2007; Tapert et al., 2002; Townshend & Duka, 2005; Wilson et al., 2000, with a special emphasis on recent prospective longitudinal studies (e.g., Hicks et al., 2012; Meier et al., 2012; White et al., 2011. Finally, we will explore potential clinical and public health implications of these findings.

  13. Influence of buffer species on the thermodynamics of short DNA duplex melting: sodium phosphate versus sodium cacodylate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemayehu, Saba; Fish, Daniel J; Brewood, Greg P; Horne, M Todd; Manyanga, Fidelis; Dickman, Rebekah; Yates, Ian; Benight, Albert S

    2009-03-05

    Thermodynamic parameters of the melting transitions of 53 short duplex DNAs were experimentally evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry melting curve analysis. Solvents for the DNA solutions contained approximately 1 M Na+ and either 10 mM cacodylate or phosphate buffer. Thermodynamic parameters obtained in the two solvent environments were compared and quantitatively assessed. Thermodynamic stabilities (deltaG(o) (25 degrees C)) of the duplexes studied ranged from quite stable perfect match duplexes (approximately -30 kcal/mol) to relatively unstable mismatch duplexes (approximately -9 kcal/mol) and ranged in length from 18 to 22 basepairs. A significant difference in stability (average free energy difference of approximately 3 kcal/mol) was found for all duplexes melted in phosphate (greater stability) versus cacodylate buffers. Measured effects of buffer species appear to be relatively unaffected by duplex length or sequence content. The popular sets of published nearest-neighbor (n-n) stability parameters for Watson-Crick (w/c) and single-base mismatches were evaluated from melting studies performed in cacodylate buffer (SantaLucia and Hicks, Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 2004, 33, 415). Thus, when using these parameters to make predictions of sequence dependent stability of DNA oligomers in buffers other than cacodylate (e.g., phosphate) one should be mindful that in addition to sodium ion concentration, the type of buffer species also provides a minor but significant contribution to duplex stability. Such considerations could potentially influence results of sequence dependent analysis using published n-n parameters and impact results of thermodynamic calculations. Such calculations and analyses are typically employed in the design and interpretation of DNA multiplex hybridization experiments.

  14. Construct validity of center of rotation in differentiating of lumbar segmental instability patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghipour-Darzi, Mohammad; Ebrahimi-Takamjani, Esmail; Salavati, Mahyar; Mobini, Bahram; Zekavat, Hajar; Beneck, George J

    2015-01-01

    Lumbar Segmental Instability (LSI) is a subgroup of nonspecific Low Back Pain (NSLBP) without any accepted diagnostic tool as a gold standard. Some authors emphasize on quality measure such as centre of rotation (COR) but construct validity of this measure had not been approved. Therefore the purpose of the present study was to evaluate Concurrent and Convergent validity of COR in differentiating LSI. A total of 66 volunteered males participated in three groups named control, NSLBP and LSI groups based on clinical examination. Patients were diagnosed as LSI according to screening criteria adopted by Hicks et al. Study variables included CORs of lumbar segments in sagittal plane. Three x-rays were taken in neutral, flexion and extension positions. The variables were calculated using CARA software. The ANOVA and Tukey test were utilized in statistic analysis. ANOVA results demonstrated mean differences between three groups for COR of L4 motion segment in y axis (p= 0/008) and L5 motion segment in y axis (p= 0/005) were significant. Tukey test showed significant difference for COR of L4 motion segment in y axis between LSI and healthy groups (p= 0/038) and between LSI and NSLBP groups (p= 0/009). For COR of L5 motion segment in y axis, tukey test demonstrated mean difference between LSI and healthy groups (p= 0/028) and between LSI and NSLBP groups (p= 0/007) were significant. Tukey test did't show any significant difference between NSLBP and healthy groups for COR of L4 (p= 0/852) and L5 (p= 0/871) motion segments in y-axis. The COR has ability to differentiate patients with signs and symptoms of LSI from other NSLBP and healthy subjects based on the present study results. However, more researches are needed to develop and support results of this study.

  15. Cogmed WM training: reviewing the reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinaver, Charles S; Entwistle, Peter C; Söderqvist, Stina

    2014-01-01

    Does Cogmed working-memory training (CWMT) work? Independent groups of reviewers have come to what appears to be starkly different conclusions to this question, causing somewhat of a debate within scientific and popular media. Here, various studies, meta-analyses, and reviews of the Cogmed research literature will be considered to provide an overview of our present understanding regarding the effects of CWMT. These will particularly be considered in light of two recent critical reviews published by Melby-Lervåg and Hulme ( 2013 ) and Shipstead, Hicks, and Engle ( 2012 ) and their arguments and conclusions assessed against current available evidence. Importantly we describe how the conclusions drawn by Melby-Lervåg and Hulme appear to contradict their own findings. In fact, the results from their meta-analysis show highly significant effects of working-memory (WM) training on improving visuospatial WM and verbal WM (both ps CWMT (compared with other training programs). We also conclude that there is current evidence from several studies using different types of outcome measures that shows attention can be improved following CWMT. In a little more than a decade, there is evidence that suggests that Cogmed has a significant impact upon visual-spatial and verbal WM, and these effects generalize to improved sustained attention up to 6 months. We discuss the evidence for improvements in academic abilities and conclude that although some promising studies are pointing to benefits gained from CWMT, more controlled studies are needed before we can make strong and specific claims on this topic. In conclusion, we find that there is a consensus in showing that WM capacity and attention is improved following CWMT. Due to the importance of WM and attention in everyday functioning, this is, on its own, of great potential value.

  16. FIRST LEGO League Kickoff

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Randall Hicks (right), Jacobs Technology's Education Services manager at NASA John C. Stennis Space Center, answers questions about the playing field for FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) LEGO League's 2007 Challenge, `Power Puzzle.' More than 140 teachers, mentors, parents and students from 15 schools attended the Sept. 15 FLL season kickoff at StenniSphere, the visitor center at SSC. The teams from southern and central Mississippi and Mobile, Ala., who came to SSC heard rules for and asked questions about `Power Puzzle,' and saw robot demonstrations by Gulfport and Picayune high schools' past FIRST Robotics competitions. Using LEGO Mindstorms NXT kits, FLL teams of children ages 9-14 will spend the next three months building and programming robots to perform 'Power Puzzle's' challenge tasks, then pit them in competitions. They also will submit a research project about how energy choices impact the environment and the economy. The season will culminate at the Mississippi Championship Tournament on Dec. 8 at the Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College. FLL, considered the `little league' of the FIRST Robotics Competition, partners FIRST and the LEGO Group. Competitions aim to inspire and celebrate science and technology using real-world context and hands-on experimentation. NASA recognizes FIRST activities as an excellent hands-on method to increase student knowledge of science, engineering, technology and mathematics. Schools represented in this year's kickoff were: Madison Avenue Upper Elementary, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians' Conehatta Elementary, Hattiesburg's Lillie Burney Elementary, Pearl Upper Elementary, Long Beach Middle, Oktibehha Elementary, d'Iberville Middle, Saucier's West Wortham Middle, Picayune's Nicholson Elementary and Roseland Park Baptist Church Academy, Bay St. Louis' St. Stanislaus College and Mobile's Davidson High, as well as two home-school groups from the Jackson area.

  17. Spectroscopy of Pluto and Charon with HST during the encounter year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oszkiewicz, Dagmara Anna; Grundy, Will; Buie, Marc W.; Binzel, Richard; Weaver, Harold A.; Spencer, John R.; Stern, S. Alan

    2016-10-01

    Pluto is the largest of the handful of transneptunian bodies massive enough to retain, over the age of the solar system, an abundant inventory of volatiles including N2, CH4, and CO (Schaller et al. 2007). Sublimation and condensation act in concert with wind to efficiently transport heat (as well as the ices themselves) in response to diurnally and seasonally changing patterns of insolation (Spencer et al. 1997, Trafton et al. 1998). Recent indications suggest that observable changes could occur from one Earth year to the next (Grundy et al. 2014) and observations of Triton, with a similar inventory of volatile ices suggest that dramatic changes could occur on relatively short timescale (Hicks et al. 2000). The goal of this study is therefore to bridge the gap between sparse, multi-year spectral monitoring of Pluto and the brief, but extremely detailed snapshot provided by New Horizons spacecraft.We obtained high S/N spectra of Pluto and Charon separately with the HST's WFC3/IR grism G141. Altogether, we have collected data from ten visits at various sub-HST longitudes centered on the New Horizons encounter hemisphere. During each visit we obtained 8 dithered spectral images and 4 direct images in the F139M filter. The spectral reduction followed the recipe outlined in the WFC3 IR Grism Data Reduction Cookbook. The final spectra were combined to achieve spectral uncertainty at the level of around 0.2\\% (that is five times betterthan in our previous studies). The combined spectra were then explored for sub-latitude, sub-longitude, and phase angle dependences.

  18. Full waveform modelling using the VERCE platform - application to aftershock seismicity in the Chile subduction zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garth, Thomas; Rietbrock, Andreas; Hicks, Steve; Fuenzalida Velasco, Amaya; Casarotti, Emanuele; Spinuso, Alessandro

    2015-04-01

    The VERCE platform is an online portal that allows full waveform simulations to be run for any region where a suitable velocity model exists. We use this facility to simulate the waveforms from aftershock earthquakes from the 2014 Pisagua earthquake, and 2010 Maule earthquake that occurred at the subduction zone mega thrust in Northern and Central Chile respectively. Simulations are performed using focal mechanisms from both global earthquake catalogues, and regional earthquake catalogues. The VERCE platform supports specFEM Cartesian, and simulations are run using meshes produced by CUBIT. The full waveform modelling techniques supported on the VERCE platform are used to test the validity of a number of subduction zone velocity models from the Chilean subduction zone. For the Maule earthquake we use a 2D and 3D travel time tomography model of the rupture area (Hicks et al. 2011; 2014). For the Pisagua earthquake we test a 2D/3D composite velocity model based on tomographic studies of the region (e.g. Husen et al. 2000, Contreyes-Reyes et al. 2012) and slab1.0 (Hayes et al. 2012). Focal mechanisms from the cGMT catalogue and local focal mechanisms calculated using ISOLA (e.g. Agurto et al. 2012) are used in the simulations. The waveforms produced are directly compared to waveforms recorded on the temporary deployment for the Maule earthquake aftershocks, and waveforms recorded on the IPOC network for the Pisagua earthquake aftershocks. This work demonstrates how the VERCE platform allows waveforms from the full 3D simulations to be easily produced, allowing us to quantify the validity of both the velocity model and the source mechanisms. These simulations therefore provide an independent test of the velocity models produced synthetically and by travel time tomography studies. Initial results show that the waveform is reasonably well reproduced in the 0.05 - 0.25 frequency band using a refined 3D travel time tomography, and locally calculated focal mechanisms.

  19. 压力容器封头最小成形厚度标注探讨%Discussion Dimensioning of Minimum Required Fabrication Thickness of the Formed Head of Pressure Vessel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志辉

    2013-01-01

      封头是压力容器中的主要承压零部件之一,其质量好坏对压力容器的安全运行起着重要作用。厚度是封头最主要的结构参数,是在规定的载荷条件下,保证结构强度、刚度以及使用寿命的基本条件之一。针对GB 150.1~GB 150.4—2011《压力容器》中关于封头最小成形厚度的规定进行了探讨,分析了几种不同情况下设计图样中封头最小厚度的标注方法,并通过举例对封头最小成形厚度标注方法进行了讨论。%The head is one of the main pressure parts of pressure vessel and its quality plays a vi‐tal role on the safe operation of pressure vessel .T hickness is the main structure parameters of the head ,it guarantees the structure strength and the structure stiffness and the service life under prescribed loading conditions .The minimum required fabrication thickness of the head specified by GB 150 .1~GB 150 .4—2011 “Pressure V essels” discussed and several different cases to mark the minimum thickness of the head is analyzed .Marked method of the minimum required fabrica‐tion thickness of the head is discussed through the example .

  20. The origin of institutional finance: from Menger to Krol%制度金融学的起源:从门格尔到克洛尔

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰

    2010-01-01

    本文试图对涉及制度因素的早期货币金融理论加以梳理,据此探究制度金融学的理论渊源.基于对新古典金融学基本假设与理论困境的重新认识,首先确认长期被新古典学派推崇的瓦尔拉斯(Walras)均衡框架难以成为讨论货币金融问题的合适基础,因此金融学的制度分析便应运而生.随后对在制度金融学基本分析框架形成过程中具有启蒙与奠基意义的相关经典理论进行梳理与评论,主要涉及门格尔(Menger)的货币演进范式及其货币内生起源观点的制度含义;希克斯(Hicks)的交易成本货币理论与金融制度演进观点;克洛尔(Clower)以构建货币理论微观基础为核心并试图在新古典金融学与制度金融学之间建立逻辑联系的相关观点以及尼汉斯(Niehans)等的补充与扩展等.

  1. Deposition velocity of PM2.5 in the winter and spring above deciduous and coniferous forests in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fengbin; Yin, Zhe; Lun, Xiaoxiu; Zhao, Yang; Li, Renna; Shi, Fangtian; Yu, Xinxiao

    2014-01-01

    To estimate the deposition effect of PM2.5 (particle matter with aerodynamic diameter coniferous forest in Jiufeng National Forest Park. Six aerosol samplers were placed on two towers at each site at heights of 9, 12 and 15 m above the ground surface. The sample filters were exchanged every four hours at 6∶00 AM, 10∶00 AM, 2∶00 PM, 6∶00 PM, 10∶00 PM, and 2∶00 AM. The daytime and nighttime deposition velocities in Jiufeng Park and Olympic Park were compared in this study. The February deposition velocities in Jiufeng Park were 1.2±1.3 and 0.7±0.7 cm s-1 during the day and night, respectively. The May deposition velocities in Olympic Park were 0.9±0.8 and 0.4±0.5 cm s-1 during the day and night, respectively. The May deposition velocities in Jiufeng Park were 1.1±1.2 and 0.6±0.5 cm s-1 during the day and night, respectively. The deposition velocities above Jiufeng National Forest Park were higher than those above Olympic Forest Park. The measured values were smaller than the simulated values obtained by the Ruijgrok et al. (1997) and Wesely et al. (1985) models. However, the reproducibility of the Ruijgrok et al. (1997) model was better than that of the Wesely et al. (1985) model. The Hicks et al. (1977) model was used to analyze additional forest parameters to calculate the PM2.5 deposition, which could better reflect the role of the forest in PM2.5 deposition.

  2. Probabilistic Decision Making with Spikes: From ISI Distributions to Behaviour via Information Gain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier A Caballero

    Full Text Available Computational theories of decision making in the brain usually assume that sensory 'evidence' is accumulated supporting a number of hypotheses, and that the first accumulator to reach threshold triggers a decision in favour of its associated hypothesis. However, the evidence is often assumed to occur as a continuous process whose origins are somewhat abstract, with no direct link to the neural signals - action potentials or 'spikes' - that must ultimately form the substrate for decision making in the brain. Here we introduce a new variant of the well-known multi-hypothesis sequential probability ratio test (MSPRT for decision making whose evidence observations consist of the basic unit of neural signalling - the inter-spike interval (ISI - and which is based on a new form of the likelihood function. We dub this mechanism s-MSPRT and show its precise form for a range of realistic ISI distributions with positive support. In this way we show that, at the level of spikes, the refractory period may actually facilitate shorter decision times, and that the mechanism is robust against poor choice of the hypothesized data distribution. We show that s-MSPRT performance is related to the Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD or information gain between ISI distributions, through which we are able to link neural signalling to psychophysical observation at the behavioural level. Thus, we find the mean information needed for a decision is constant, thereby offering an account of Hick's law (relating decision time to the number of choices. Further, the mean decision time of s-MSPRT shows a power law dependence on the KLD offering an account of Piéron's law (relating reaction time to stimulus intensity. These results show the foundations for a research programme in which spike train analysis can be made the basis for predictions about behavior in multi-alternative choice tasks.

  3. 8th European Conference on Rare Diseases & Orphan Products (ECRD 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Schlander

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents O1 The European Social Preferences Measurement (ESPM study project: social cost value analysis, budget impact, commercial life cycle revenue management, and the economics of biopharmaceutical Research & Development (R&D Michael Schlander, Søren Holm, Erik Nord, Jeff Richardson, Silvio Garattini, Peter Kolominsky-Rabas, Deborah Marshall, Ulf Persson, Maarten Postma, Steven Simoens, Oriol de Solà Morales, Keith Tolley, Mondher Toumi, Harry Telser O2 Newborn Screening: the potential and the challenges James R Bonham O3 Untreatable disease outcomes - how would we measure them? Helmut Hintner, Anja Diem, Martin Laimer O4 Taking Integrated Care Forward: Experiences from Canada to inspire service provision for people living with rare disease in Europe Réjean Hébert O5 Listening to the patient’s voice: social media listening for safety and benefits in rare diseases Nabarun Dasgupta, Carrie E. Pierce, Melissa Jordan O6 Via Opta: Mobile apps making visually impaired patients’ lives easier Barbara Bori, Mohanad Fors, Emilie Prazakova O7 A report of the IRDiRC “Small Population Clinical Trial” Task Force Simon Day O8 HAE patient identification and diagnosis: An innovative, ‘game changing’ collaboration Thomas J. Croce Jr. O9 Co-creating with the community: primary packaging & administration for people with haemophilia Jonas Fransson, Philip Wood O10 Go with Gaucher, taking forward the next generation. How to involve young people to create a new generation of patient advocates Anne-Grethe Lauridsen, Joanne Higgs, Vesna Stojmirova Aleksovska P1 ODAK – Orphan Drug for Acanthamoeba Keratitis Christina Olsen, Ritchie Head, Antonio Asero, Vincenzo Papa, Christa van Kan, Loic Favennec, Silvana Venturella, Michela Salvador, Alan Krol P5 Rare Navigators help people living with rare diseases to manage the social – and healthcare systems Stephanie J. Nielsen, Birthe B. Holm P6 The eAcademy for Tay-Sachs & Sandhoff disease app

  4. Uncertainties in Surface Layer Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendergrass, W.

    2015-12-01

    methodology proposed by Kanenasu, Wesely and Hicks (1979), the overall dependence of ϕM and ϕH on is characterized. Results indicate considerable scatter with the familiar relationships, such as Paulson (1970), best describing the averages; however it is the scatter that largely defines the attainable levels of predictability.

  5. The postindustrial decentralization of the hospital and the urban analogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, R E

    1987-01-01

    The hospital in the United States as an institution, a community, an organizational form, and a social phenomenon shares many striking commonalities with the city. It has highly important technical functions which are accompanied, and at times overshadowed, by broader social purposes and roles. The hospital also has undergone a number of transformations over time and has experienced a distinct, if idealized, golden age fostered by key technological advances. It has been the site of significant political and social tensions and conflicts. And in recent years, it has begun to evidence a decline in social significance and standing, and a general deconcentration which further underscores the usefulness of the urban analogy. The application of an ecological perspective aids in framing this intriguing parallelism between these two great social institutions. This perspective emphasizes the interdependence and mutual causality which key contributory trends--such as technological and organizational developments, environmental change, and shifting population characteristics--have had on the forms and functions of both hospitals and cities. The urban ecologist Hicks has written: "The city is being redefined ... [t]he transforming city is a predictable response to changing demographic, economic and technological realities. While the image of the city's form is etched into our consciousness, it is the city's function that will always be its sine qua non; in time its form will adjust to the new roles that cities will come to society." In a like fashion, a similar ecological interpretation of the transformation of the hospital can and will be made. This article will propose that examining the modern hospital through the urbanization-deurbanization parallel can be an instructive way to explore and interpret its changing character and role in American society. It will suggest that the hospital evolved into a dominant central position--more in a functional than a territorial sense

  6. Spectrophotometry and the Development of Emissions for C/1996 B2 (Comet Hyakutake)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Michael D.; Fink, Uwe

    1997-06-01

    An analysis of the spectrophotometry of C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) from 0.55 μm to 1.05 μm recorded between February 17 and April 17, 1996, is presented. We derive Afρ values and production rates of H2O, C2, NH2, and CN. In general we find the Haser model to be substantiated with no inconsistencies for different aperture sizes and different heliocentric and geocentric distances. Comet Hyakutake is the dustiest comet in our database of 39 comets (U. Fink and M. Hicks 1996.Astrophys. J.459,729-743) and both the dust and the H2O production rates follow a heliocentric dependence of ∼r-1.5, lower than the ∼r-2.5dependence found for P/Halley by U. Fink (1994.Astrophys. J.423,461-472). The Afρ values and the H2O production rates track the visual lightcurve quite well. Strong evidence for quenching of OI emissions close to the nucleus was observed in the March data due to the comet's small geocentric distance. While the CN production rate also has a dependence of ∼r-1.5with a CN/H2O ratio typical of most comets, the C2production rate has a much steeper slope, ∼r-2.5, and the C2/H2O ratio evolves from a typical cometary ratio to one that is exceedingly rich in C2. We feel that this is evidence for a significant CHON contribution to the overall C2production. The NH2production is considerably flatter and follows roughly a ∼r-0.85law. In February and March, Comet Hyakutake exhibited the highest relative NH2abundance of any comet in our database, but reverts to more a normal value in April. All together, we feel that the behavior of the comet's Afρ and production rates throughout its apparition argue for a more primordial comet than may be suggested by the orbital elements alone.

  7. Denudation rates derived from spatially-averaged cosmogenic nuclide analysis in Nelson catchments, South Island, New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdis, A.; Norton, K. P.; Ditchburn, B.; Zondervan, A.

    2013-12-01

    events. This is highlighted by sediment yields reaching ~2535 t km-2 yr-1 following storm events in the Nelson region (Basher et al., 2011). At least on the northern South Island of New Zealand, extreme climatic events appear to be the main driver of elevated denudation rates. Basher, L., Hicks, D., Clapp, B., & Hewitt, T. (2011). Sediment Yield Response to Large Storm Events and Forest Harvesting, Motueka River, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal ofMarine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 45, No. 3 , 333-356.

  8. Portmanteau Constructions, Phrase Structure, and Linearization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Brian Hok-Shing

    2015-01-01

    In bilingual code-switching which involves language-pairs with contrasting head-complement orders (i.e., head-initial vs. head-final), a head may be lexicalized from both languages with its complement sandwiched in the middle. These so-called "portmanteau" sentences (Nishimura, 1985, 1986; Sankoff et al., 1990, etc.) have been attested for decades, but they had never received a systematic, formal analysis in terms of current syntactic theory before a few recent attempts (Hicks, 2010, 2012). Notwithstanding this lack of attention, these structures are in fact highly relevant to theories of linearization and phrase structure. More specifically, they challenge binary-branching (Kayne, 1994, 2004, 2005) as well as the Antisymmetry hypothesis (ibid.). Not explained by current grammatical models of code-switching, including the Equivalence Constraint (Poplack, 1980), the Matrix Language Frame Model (Myers-Scotton, 1993, 2002, etc.), and the Bilingual Speech Model (Muysken, 2000, 2013), the portmanteau construction indeed looks uncommon or abnormal, defying any systematic account. However, the recurrence of these structures in various datasets and constraints on them do call for an explanation. This paper suggests an account which lies with syntax and also with the psycholinguistics of bilingualism. Assuming that linearization is a process at the Sensori-Motor (SM) interface (Chomsky, 2005, 2013), this paper sees that word order is not fixed in a syntactic tree but it is set in the production process, and much information of word order rests in the processor, for instance, outputting a head before its complement (i.e., head-initial word order) or the reverse (i.e., head-final word order). As for the portmanteau construction, it is the output of bilingual speakers co-activating two sets of head-complement orders which summon the phonetic forms of the same word in both languages. Under this proposal, the underlying structure of a portmanteau construction is as simple as an

  9. Sedimentary constraints on the development of a narrow deep strait (São Sebastião Channel, SE Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcántara-Carrió, Javier; Sasaki, Dalton Kei; Mahiques, Michel Michaelovitch de; Taborda, Rui; de Souza, Luiz Antonio Pereira

    2017-10-01

    The São Sebastião Channel (SSC), which separates São Sebastião Island from the continent, is a deep elongated strait on the inner shelf of the São Paulo Bight (SE Brazil). The aim of this study is to explain why it is presently sediment starved, instead of forming a tombolo. Wave data were obtained from both a WW3 model database and buoy records, and wave propagation patterns from the SWAN numerical model. Grain size trend analysis of 579 surficial sediment samples from the strait and the surrounding region served to estimate the residual transport directions. Bedload sediment transport was computed considering in situ currents and bottom sediment grain size. Moreover, six seismic profiles and one gravity core were obtained in the strait in order to evaluate the hickness of the sedimentary deposits. The geometry of the SSC (X/B=0.3, where B is the breakwater or island diameter and X is its cross-shore distance to the mainland) predicts that a tombolo should be formed, and wave patterns confirm that it is a zone sheltered from both S and NE waves. Previous studies have shown that the hydrodynamics of the SSC is controlled by wind-driven currents, which are more intense in the eastern and central sectors of the strait. The western sector is currently covered by sandy mud, whereas very coarse to fine sand prevails in the deeper eastern sector. Sediment patterns show a trend to deposition of fine sediment in the western sector of the SSC and two main depocentres located at the northern limit of the study area and at the southern mouth of the strait. Sandy mud in the western sector forms a 40-m-thick deposit close to the outer limit of Araçá Bay, whereas the remainder of the SSC is covered by a very thin layer of sandy sediments. Dominance of mud in the depositional western sector suggests low availability of sand in the area. Therefore, despite the geometry and wave patterns of the SSC favouring the formation of a tombolo, the dominance of wind-driven currents

  10. Characterization of auxin-binding proteins from zucchini plasma membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, G. R.; Rice, M. S.; Lomax, T. L.

    1993-01-01

    We have previously identified two auxin-binding polypeptides in plasma membrane (PM) preparations from zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L.) (Hicks et al. 1989, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86, 4948-4952). These polypeptides have molecular weights of 40 kDa and 42 kDa and label specifically with the photoaffinity auxin analog 5-N3-7-3H-IAA (azido-IAA). Azido-IAA permits both the covalent and radioactive tagging of auxin-binding proteins and has allowed us to characterize further the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides, including the nature of their attachment to the PM, their relationship to each other, and their potential function. The azido-IAA-labeled polypeptides remain in the pelleted membrane fraction following high-salt and detergent washes, which indicates a tight and possibly integral association with the PM. Two-dimensional electrophoresis of partially purified azido-IAA-labeled protein demonstrates that, in addition to the major isoforms of the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides, which possess isoelectric points (pIs) of 8.2 and 7.2, respectively, several less abundant isoforms that display unique pIs are apparent at both molecular masses. Tryptic and chymotryptic digestion of the auxin-binding proteins indicates that the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides are closely related or are modifications of the same polypeptide. Phase extraction with the nonionic detergent Triton X-114 results in partitioning of the azido-IAA-labeled polypeptides into the aqueous (hydrophilic) phase. This apparently paradoxical behavior is also exhibited by certain integral membrane proteins that aggregate to form channels. The results of gel filtration indicate that the auxin-binding proteins do indeed aggregate strongly and that the polypeptides associate to form a dimer or multimeric complex in vivo. These characteristics are consistent with the hypothesis that the 40-kDa and 42-kDa polypeptides are subunits of a multimeric integral membrane protein which has an auxin-binding site, and which may

  11. Portmanteau constructions, phrase structure and linearization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Hok-Shing Chan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In bilingual code-switching which involves language-pairs with contrasting head-complement orders (i.e. head-initial vs head-final, a head may be lexicalized from both languages with its complement sandwiched in the middle. These so-called portmanteau sentences (Nishimura, 1985, 1986; Sankoff, Poplack, and Vanniarajan, 1990, etc. have been attested for decades, but they had never received a systematic, formal analysis in terms of current syntactic theory before a few recent attempts (Hicks, 2010, 2012. Notwithstanding this lack of attention, these structures are in fact highly relevant to theories of linearization and phrase structure. More specifically, they challenge binary-branching (Kayne, 1994, 2004, 2005 as well as the Antisymmetry hypothesis (ibid.. Not explained by current grammatical models of code-switching, including the Equivalence Constraint (Poplack, 1980, the Matrix Language Frame Model (Myers-Scotton, 1993, 2002, etc., and the Bilingual Speech Model (Muysken, 2000, 2013, the portmanteau construction indeed looks uncommon or abnormal, defying any systematic account. However, the recurrence of these structures in various datasets and constraints on them do call for an explanation. This paper suggests an account which lies with syntax and also with the psycholinguistics of bilingualism. Assuming that linearization is a process at the Sensori-Motor (SM interface (Chomsky, 2005; 2013, this paper sees that word order is not fixed in a syntactic tree but it is set in the production process, and much information of word order rests in the processor, for instance, outputting a head before its complement (i.e. head-initial word order or the reverse (i.e. head-final word order. As for the portmanteau construction, it is the output of bilingual speakers co-activating two sets of head-complement orders which summon the phonetic forms of the same word in both languages. Under this proposal, the underlying structure of a portmanteau

  12. The validity of vertebral translation and rotation in differentiating patients with lumbar segmental instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghipour-Darzi, Mohammad; Takamjani, Esmail Ebrahimi; Salavati, Mahyar; Mobini, Bahram; Zekavat, Hajar

    2012-12-01

    Lumbar segmental instability (LSI) is a sub-group of non-specific low back pain (NSLBP), without any accepted diagnostic tool as a golden standard. Some authors emphasize on clinical findings, and others focus on vertebral translation and rotation, but construct validity of these measures had not been approved. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to evaluate convergent and known group validity of vertebral translation and rotation in differentiating LSI from NSLBP and control subjects. Study variables included full-range and mid-range vertebral translation and rotation in sagittal plane. Five x-rays were taken in neutral, full flexion and extension and mid-flexion and mid-extension positions of lumbar spine. The variables were calculated using Computer Aided Radiographic Analysis of Spine (CARA) software after scanning. Sixty-six volunteered males participated in three groups. Twenty-two subjects were in the control group, and 44 NSLBP were divided into LSI and not LSI groups according to the criteria adopted by Hicks et al. The ANOVA and Tukey test were used in statistic analysis. ANOVA results demonstrated differences in three groups; for full-range translation and rotation, were not significant. However, the results of ANOVA demonstrated significant difference in L4-5 mid-range translation and rotation (p < 0/05). Tukey test showed significant difference for L4-5 mid-range translation between control (2.14 mm) and LSI (1.33 mm) groups (p < 0/05). Tukey test demonstrated difference between the control (14.18°) and LSI (11.65°) groups (p < 0/05); the control and not LSI (10.80) groups (p < 0/05) were significant for L4-5 mid-range rotation. On the basis of the study results, the full-range translation and rotation cannot differentiate LSI from not LSI and control groups. Moreover, the mid-range translation only differentiates control from LSI, whereas mid-range rotation differentiates control from both LSI and not LSI. Copyright © 2012

  13. Impact of preoperative screening for rectal colonization with fluoroquinolone-resistant enteric bacteria on the incidence of sepsis following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farrell JJ

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available John J Farrell,1,2 Jennifer L Hicks,3 Stephanie E Wallace,2 Allen D Seftel4,5 1Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Illinois College of Medicine, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Microbiology & Serology, OSF/Saint Francis Medical Center, 3Department of Urology, OSF /Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL, 4Department of Urology, Cooper University Hospital, 5Department of Surgery, Cooper University School of Medicine, Camden, NJ, USA Abstract: With the universal adoption of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to prostate biopsy, the current risk of post-biopsy infection (including sepsis is <2%. Preoperative prophylactic antibiotic regimens can vary, and although fluoroquinolones have emerged as the standard of care, there is no universally agreed upon preoperative antibiotic regimen. Recently, an increase in the proportion of postoperative infections caused by fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli (as well as other Enterobacteriaceae has led to the exploration of simple, practical, and cost-effective methods to minimize this postoperative infection risk. We performed a prospective, nonrandomized, controlled study of preoperative rectal cultures to screen for rectal colonization with fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria using ciprofloxacin-supplemented MacConkey agar culture media. To evaluate the feasibility and practicality of this test, one provider used the results of rectal swab cultures collected during the preoperative outpatient evaluation to adjust each patient’s preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis when fluoroquinolone-resistant enteric bacteria were detected, whereas two other providers continued usual preoperative care and empiric antimicrobial prophylaxis. Rectal colonization with fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria was detected in 19/152 (12.5% of patients. In our intention-to-treat analysis (N=268, the rate of post-biopsy sepsis was 3.6% lower in the group that was screened

  14. Aftershock mechanisms from the 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake: detailed analysis using full waveform inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietbrock, A.; Hicks, S. P.; Chagas, B.; Detzel, H. A.

    2014-12-01

    Since the earthquake rupture process is extremely heterogeneous, it is vital to understand how structural variations in the overriding plate and downgoing slab may control slip style along the subduction megathrust. The large-scale 3-D geometry of subduction plate boundaries is rapidly becoming well understood; however, the nature of any finer-scale structure along the plate interface remains elusive. A detailed study of earthquake source mechanisms along a megathrust region can shed light on the nature of fine-scale structures along the megathrust. The Mw 8.8 Maule earthquake that struck central Chile in 2010 is the sixth largest earthquake ever recorded. Following the earthquake, there was an international deployment of seismic stations in the rupture area, making this one of the best datasets of an aftershock sequence following a large earthquake. This dataset provides a unique opportunity to perform a detailed study of megathrust earthquake source mechanisms. Based on a high-resolution 3-D velocity model and robust earthquake locations [Hicks et al., 2014], we calculate regional moment tensors using the ISOLA software package [Sokos & Zahradnik, 2008]. We incorporate accelerometer recordings, important for constraining solutions of large earthquakes in the overriding plate. We also validate the robustness of our solutions by assessing the consistency of mechanisms with P-wave polarities observed at both onshore and offshore seismic stations, and compare them to already published solutions. We find that accurate earthquake locations are vital for the fine-scale interpretation of focal mechanisms, particularly for offshore events. Our results show that most moment tensor solutions with thrusting mechanisms have a nodal plane dipping parallel to the subducting plate interface. Interestingly, we also find earthquakes with normal faulting mechanisms lying along to the megathrust plate interface in the south of the rupture area. This finding suggests that megathrust

  15. Seasonal and annual deposition rates of sulphur, nitrogen and chloride species to an oak forest in north-eastern austria (wolkersdorf, 240 m a.s.l.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puxbaum, Hans; Gregori, Martin

    Dry deposition estimates of sulphur, nitrogen and chloride components to an oak forest in north-eastern Austria were performed using an "Inferential model." The deposition calculations were performed with a modified Hicks et al. (1985) model based on chemical measurement data with 0.5 h (SO 2, NO, NO 2) and 24 h (HCl, HNO 3, NH 3, particulate chloride, nitrate, sulphate and ammonium) time resolution. Annual dry deposition rates of sulphur (SO 2+pSO 4) were estimated to amount around 13 kg ha -1, of oxidised nitrogen (NO+NO 2+HNO 3+pNO 3) 8.4 kg ha -1, of reduced nitrogen (NH 3+pNH 4) 5.6 kg ha -1 and of chloride (HCl+pCl) 2.1 kg ha -1. The relative contribution of dry to total (dry+wet) deposition is 68% for sulphur, 77% for oxidised nitrogen, 55% for reduced nitrogen and 40% for chloride species. Total deposition of sulphur and reduced nitrogen species showed good agreement with data from throughfall measurements and a canopy exchange model. For oxidised nitrogen species the inferential modeling approach yielded a considerably higher deposition which could be explained by the inability of the canopy exchange model to account for stomatal uptake of NO 2. A comparison of dry and wet fluxes of sulphur and nitrogen species at European and U.S. sites indicates that in both environments large regional differences occur. Thus the hypothesis, that European forests receive substantially higher inputs of "major ions" than U.S. forests ( Lindberg et al., 1990) cannot be generalised. "Dry+wet" deposition of nitrogen species at two Austrian sites is well within the range of deposition at 11 forested sites in the U.S., while at one Austrian site it is slightly higher than the highest N-deposition reported for U.S. sites. Compared sites from the U.S. are from the Mountain Cloud Chemistry Project and the Integrated Forest Study ( Lovett and Lindberg, 1993).

  16. LLE Review 83, Quarterly Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-12-01

    This volume of the LLE Review, covering April-June 2000, features an article by F. J. Marshall, T. Ohki, D. McInnis, Z. Ninkov, and J. Carbone, who detail the conversion of the OMEGA time-integrated x-ray diagnostics to electronic readout using direct-detection x-ray cameras [charge-injection devices (CID's)]. Pinhole and x-ray microscope images are shown along with inferred calibration measurements of the CID cameras. Currently, the same cameras are being used to obtain x-ray spectra in a TIM-based spectrometer, extending their use to all time-integrated imaging and spectroscopic x-ray instruments used on OMEGA. Additional highlights of the research presented in this issue are: (1) V. A. Smalyuk, B. Yaakobi, F. J. Marshall, and D. D. Meyerhofer investigate the spatial structure of the temperature and density of target-shell plasmas at peak compression (stagnation). This is accomplished by examining the energy dependence of the x-ray emission using narrow-band x-ray filters and the known absorption properties of the shell dopant (Ti). (2) F. Sequin, C. K. Ll, D. G. Hicks, J. A. Frenje, K. M. Green, R. D. Petrasso, J. M. Soures, V. Yu. Glebov, C. Stoeckl, P. B. Radha, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. Roberts, C. Sorce, T. C. Sangster, M. D. Cable, S. Padalino, and K. Fletcher detail the physics and instrumentation used to obtain and interpret secondary D-{sup 3}He proton spectra from current gas-filled-target and future cryogenic-target experiments. Through a novel extension of existing charged-particle detection techniques with track detectors, the authors demonstrate the ability to obtain secondary proton spectra with increased sensitivity. (3) M. Guardelben, L. Ning, N. Jain, D. Battaglia, and K. Marshall compare the utility of a novel liquid-crystal-based, point-diffraction interferometer (LCPDI) with the commercial standard phase-shifting interferometer and conclude that the LCPDI is a viable low-cost alternative. (4) A. B. Shorey, S. D. Jacobs, W. I. Kordonski, and R

  17. Science Underlying 2008 Nobel Prizes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Bernadette A.

    2009-01-01

    for teachers includes instructions for three student activities that use enzymes. The resources below may help introduce students to the science behind some of these Nobel Prizes. Turning on the Light: Lessons from Luminescence. O'Hara, P. B.; Engelson, C.; St. Peter, W. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 49 . (See especially the bioluminescence section on page 51 that concisely explains GFP.) JCE Classroom Activity #68: Turning on the Light. O'Hara, P. B.; Engelson, C.; St. Peter, W. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 48A . JCE Classroom Activity #81: pHantastic Fluorescence. Muyskens, M. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 768A . Recombinant Green Fluorescent Protein Isoforms: Exercises To Integrate Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, and Biophysical Chemistry. Hicks, B. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 409 . C-SNARF-1 as a Fluorescent Probe for pH Measurements in Living Cells: Two-Wavelength-Ratio Method versus Whole-Spectral-Resolution Method. Ribou, A-C.; Vigo, J.; Salmon, J-M. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1471 . An Attack on the AIDS Virus: Inhibition of the HIV-1 Protease: New Drug Development Based on the Structure and Activity of the Protease and Its Role in the Replication and Maturation of the Virus. Volker, E. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 3 . From Chemistry Comes Alive!, five video clips demonstrate properties and mechanisms involved in the chemistry of HIV. HIV-1 Protease: An Enzyme at Work . All articles from Volume 1 to the current issue are available in full-text PDF at JCE Online : Browse by year, month, and page , or choose title and author searching of all issues of JCE.

  18. Nicaragüenses en Costa Rica y Estados Unidos: datos de etnoencuestas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Vargas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En Centroamérica el único país con un comportamiento claramente bipolar en el destino de la emigración es Nicaragua. La migración de este país tiene a Costa Rica como principal destino y los Estados Unidos de América como el segundo. Este comportamiento no ha sido estático, aunque si muestra un patrón inverso. De mediados del siglo XIX a finales del decenio de 1970 con el triunfo sandinista (1979, Costa Rica era el principal destino. En la década de los años 80, con la denominada guerra de los contras, se presenta aumento de la emigración y se varía el destino y ocupa los Estados Unidos el primer lugar. Una vez que cesa el conflicto armado y los sandinistas dejan el gobierno, nuevamente Costa Rica se presenta como el principal destino, esta vez con aumento respecto del comportamiento histórico (Vargas; 1999, 2003. Pese a la magnitud de esta migración y las repercusiones para Costa Rica, son pocos los estudios que tienen por objeto analizarla en forma sistemática. Un importante esfuerzo lo han realizado Jimmy Rosales y otros, al estudiar los "nicaragüenses en el exterior" (Rosales: 2001 con datos del censo nicaragüense de 1995. Estudios más puntuales, con trabajo de campo en algunas comunidades fronterizas con Costa Rica, los han realizado investigadores de FLACSO-Costa Rica (Morales; 1997, 2000 (Morales y Castro, 2002 Recientemente, con el empleo de datos de etnoencuestas (para 5 comunidades en Nicaragua y otros países, se han desarrollado algunos trabajos para temas específicos. Fussell (2003 ha revisado las evidencias para la teoría de la causación acumulativa que brinda esta migración; Riosmena (2003 ha estudiado las posibilidades de retorno, y Hickes y Massey (2003, han estudiado las relaciones con el conflicto armado y político en Nicaragua y el destino de los migrantes. En este trabajo se analizan las características demográficas básicas de los migrantes, así como las corrientes migratorias con una mirada

  19. Nicaragüenses en Costa Rica y Estados Unidos: datos de etnoencuestas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vargas, Juan Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En Centroamérica el único país con un comportamiento claramente bipolar en el destino de la emigración es Nicaragua. La migración de este país tiene a Costa Rica como principal destino y los Estados Unidos de América como el segundo. Este comportamiento no ha sido estático, aunque si muestra un patrón inverso. De mediados del siglo XIX a finales del decenio de 1970 con el triunfo sandinista (1979, Costa Rica era el principal destino. En la década de los años 80, con la denominada guerra de los contras, se presenta aumento de la emigración y se varía el destino y ocupa los Estados Unidos el primer lugar. Una vez que cesa el conflicto armado y los sandinistas dejan el gobierno, nuevamente Costa Rica se presenta como el principal destino, esta vez con aumento respecto del comportamiento histórico (Vargas; 1999, 2003. Pese a la magnitud de esta migración y las repercusiones para Costa Rica, son pocos los estudios que tienen por objeto analizarla en forma sistemática. Un importante esfuerzo lo han realizado Jimmy Rosales y otros, al estudiar los "nicaragüenses en el exterior" (Rosales: 2001 con datos del censo nicaragüense de 1995. Estudios más puntuales, con trabajo de campo en algunas comunidades fronterizas con Costa Rica, los han realizado investigadores de FLACSO-Costa Rica (Morales; 1997, 2000 (Morales y Castro, 2002. Recientemente, con el empleo de datos de etnoencuestas (para 5 comunidades en Nicaragua y otros países, se han desarrollado algunos trabajos para temas específicos. Fussell (2003 ha revisado las evidencias para la teoría de la causación acumulativa que brinda esta migración; Riosmena (2003 ha estudiado las posibilidades de retorno, y Hickes y Massey (2003, han estudiado las relaciones con el conflicto armado y político en Nicaragua y el destino de los migrantes. En este trabajo se analizan las características demográficas básicas de los migrantes, así como las corrientes migratorias con una mirada

  20. A Report of Guillain–Barré Syndrome With Myalgia and Mild Weakness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahid AMINZADEH*

    2014-04-01

    . 2005; 6:60–7.7. Swaimann K. Ashwal S. Ferriero D. Pediatric neurology: principles and practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby-Elsevier 2006.p 1920.8. Sejvar JJ, Kohl KS, Gidudu J, et al. Guillain-Barré syndrome and Fisher syndrome: case definitions and guidelines for collection, analysis, and presentation of immunization safety data. Vaccine 2011;29:599-612.9. Hicks CW, Kay B, Worley SE, Moodley M. A clinical picture of Guillain-Barré syndrome in children in the United States. J Child Neurol 2010 Dec;25(12:1504-10.10. Borade A, Lad S, Ansari N, Dhongade R. Guillain-Barré syndrome in child with prolongintubation. Indian J Med Sci 2010 Jul;64(7:325-8.11. Roodbol J, de Wit MC, Walgaard C, de Hoog M, Catsman-Berrevoets CE, Jacobs BC. Recognizing Guillain-Barré syndrome in preschool children. Neurology 2011 Mar 1; 76(9:807-10. 

  1. Land Transference Compensation of Pankou Hydropower Station Project's Resettlement Area%潘口水电站移民安置区土地流转补偿标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘灵辉; 陈银蓉; 梅昀

    2011-01-01

    Not only will the construction of large and middle-size water conservancy and hydropower projects, inevitably lead to the requisition of farmland but also it will bring about the involuntary resettlement for a large number of immigrants. China adopted the policy of development-oriented resettlement, which mainly emphasized giving each reservoir immigrant a parcel of contract land for their future development. However, reservoir immigrants settled in resettlement areas and shared farmland and other resources with local residents,which will certainly bring negative impact on local residents' land rights. Therefore, According to "Kaldor-Hicks" welfare criterion, in order to realize the improvement of welfare, the resettlement collective and local residents should be given appropriate compensation for their welfare losses. This paper took Pankou Hydropower Station as an example and measured the total value of land transference compensation with the contingent value method based on investigating 73 rural families in five resettlement areas in Yishui town and Baofeng town, Zhushan county. The results indicate that the current land transference compensation in Pankou Hydropowers station didn't reach half of the actual value of the farmland. The degree of compensation for paddy fields and dry land were 49.54% and 44.54% respectively. Collectives in the resettlement area and local residents didn't receive sufficient compensation. Therefore, the government needs to raise land transference compensation in the resettlement area so as to enable the local residents to share as much as possible the benefit the same as reservoir immigrants from land appreciation .%兴修大中型水利水电工程不可避免地要征收大量农田,造成大量移民非自愿性搬迁.我国实行开发性移民的方针,强调农村移民主要采取农业安置的策略.然而,移民的迁入势必会对安置区居民的土地权益带来负面的影响.因此,根据"卡尔多-希克斯"

  2. What is Religion?——Reflection on the Methodology of "Religious Concept"%宗教是什么?——关于"宗教概念"的方法论反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志刚

    2006-01-01

    "宗教"一词是宗教学的基本概念,此概念旨在界说"宗教是什么".从国内外研究近况来看,在此基础理论问题上现存两种值得深思的理论倾向:一为"宗教概念的简单化倾向",主要见于国内宗教学界;二是"宗教概念的复杂化倾向",长期困惑着欧美宗教学界.本文着眼于宗教学的百余年学术史,通过回顾其学科奠基人(F.Max Müller)、三大理论分支的开创者(Edward B.Typlor,Emile Durkheim,William James)以及多位著名学者(Bronislaw K.Malinowski,Wilfred C.Smith,Ninian Smart,William Alston,Paul Tillich,John Hick)探究宗教概念的学术历程,以阐发此研究课题的重要方法论意义.作者的结论如下:从宗教研究的全过程来看,"宗教是什么",不但是宗教学所要深究的"基础概念",而且是这门学科所要探讨的"基本问题";这个基础概念暨基本问题之所以关乎研究全局,就是因为它关涉"广义上的方法论观念",即从学术视野、问题意识、探讨角度一直关系到理论思路及其目标等等.正因如此,在百余年的宗教学史上,这个基本概念暨基本问题历来就是理论创新的出发点和制高点,以至我们可以说,这个看似简单的概念其实浓缩着宗教学方法论与观念史的发展线索,一部宗教学术史就是一个不断更新宗教概念的探索过程;而我们中国学者要想为化解国际冲突、构建和谐世界作出应有的贡献,无疑需要从基础理论建设抓起,一方面批判地借鉴宗教概念研究上的新近成果,另一方面深入地发掘华夏文化的丰厚思想资源,以创建有中国特色的宗教观及其方法论.

  3. Kawasaki disease: A brief history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, J C; Kushner, H I; Bastian, J F; Shike, H; Shimizu, C; Matsubara, T; Turner, C L

    2000-08-01

    Tomisaku Kawasaki published the first English-language report of 50 patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) in 1974. Since that time, KD has become the leading cause of acquired heart disease among children in North America and Japan. Although an infectious agent is suspected, the cause remains unknown. However, significant progress has been made toward understanding the natural history of the disease and therapeutic interventions have been developed that halt the immune-mediated destruction of the arterial wall. We present a brief history of KD, review progress in research on the disease, and suggest avenues for future study. Kawasaki saw his first case of KD in January 1961 and published his first report in Japanese in 1967. Whether cases existed in Japan before that time is currently under study. The most significant controversy in the 1960s in Japan was whether the rash and fever sign/symptom complex described by Kawasaki was connected to subsequent cardiac complications in a number of cases. Pathologist Noboru Tanaka and pediatrician Takajiro Yamamoto disputed the early assertion of Kawasaki that KD was a self-limited illness with no sequelae. This controversy was resolved in 1970 when the first Japanese nationwide survey of KD documented 10 autopsy cases of sudden cardiac death after KD. By the time of the first English-language publication by Kawasaki in 1974, the link between KD and coronary artery vasculitis was well-established. KD was independently recognized as a new and distinct condition in the early 1970s by pediatricians Marian Melish and Raquel Hicks at the University of Hawaii. In 1973, at the same Hawaiian hospital, pathologist Eunice Larson, in consultation with Benjamin Landing at Los Angeles Children's Hospital, retrospectively diagnosed a 1971 autopsy case as KD. The similarity between KD and infantile periarteritis nodosa (IPN) was apparent to these pathologists, as it had been to Tanaka earlier. What remains unknown is the reason for the

  4. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available -Barbara Watson Andaya, Susan Blackburn, Love, sex and power; Women in Southeast Asia. Clayton VIC: Monash Asia Institute, 2001, iv + 144 pp. [Monash papers on Southeast Asia 55.] -Kathryn Gay Anderson, Juliette Koning ,Women and households in Indonesia; Cultural notions and social practices. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2000, xiii + 354 pp. [Nordic Institute of Asian studies, studies in Asian topics 27.], Marleen Nolten, Janet Rodenburg (eds -Greg Bankoff, Takeshi Kawanaka, Power in a Philippine city. Chiba: Institute of developing economies, 2002, 118 pp. [IDE Occasional papers series 38.] -René van den Berg, John Lynch ,The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2002, xvii + 924 pp., Malcolm Ross, Terry Crowley (eds -H.J.M. Claessen, Douglas Oliver, Polynesia in early historic times. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2002, 305 pp. -Harold Crouch, Andrew Rosser, The politics of economic liberalisation in Indonesia; State, market and power. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2002, xv + 232 pp. -Hans Hägerdal, Arend de Roever, De jacht op sandelhout; De VOC en de tweedeling van Timor in de zeventiende eeuw. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2002, 383 pp. -Fiona Harris, Lorraine V. Aragon ,Structuralism's transformations; Order and revision in Indonesian and Malaysian societies; Paper written in honor of Clark E. Cunningham. Tempe AZ: Arizona State University Press, 1999, lxii + 402 pp., Susan D. Russell (eds -David Henley, Christiaan Heersink, Dependence on green gold: A socio-economic history of the Indonesian coconut island Selayar. Leiden: KITlV Press, 1999, xviii + 371 pp. [Verhandelingen 184.] -David Hicks, James T. Siegel ,Southeast Asia over three generations; Essays presented to Benedict R.O'G. Anderson 2003, 398 pp. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Southeast Asia program. [Studies on Southeast Asia 36.], Audrey R. Kahin (eds -Janny de Jong, L. de Jong, The collapse of a colonial society; The Dutch in Indonesia during the second world war. With an introduction by

  5. Re-evaluating the 38th Parallel Serial Impact Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, K. R.; Davis, G. H.; Miao, X.; Mickus, K. L.; Miller, J. F.; Morrow, J. R.

    2008-12-01

    The idea that the 38th-parallel structures across Kansas, Missouri, and Illinois are serial impacts has been controversial. In addition to the original eight, two other structures are proximal to the 38th parallel, Dent Branch and Silver City Dome. Only Weaubleau, Decaturville, and Crooked Creek contain quartz grains with multiple directions of planar deformational features (PDFs). Shatter cones have been found at Decaturville and Crooked Creek. Key macroscopic observations of these impacts include: (1) circular outlines and notable central uplifts, (2) remarkably intense levels of structural deformation (folding, faulting, fracturing, and brecciation), (3) deformation dying out with depth and laterally away from the central uplift, and (4) associated igneous rocks only as clasts. From field and core studies and published reports, we consider other structures along the 38th parallel to be dubious (Hazelgreen), intrusive, (Hick's Dome), or volcanic in origin (Silver City Dome, Rose Dome, Furnace Creek, Dent Branch, and Avon). The age of the Weaubleau structure is constrained biostratigraphically as middle Mississippian (latest Osagean or early Meramecian). Crooked Creek and Decaturville are deeply eroded; their ages are poorly constrained. Crooked Creek contains isolated blocks of sandstone of late Osagean age, but the stratigraphic context of the blocks is poorly known. Other investigators contend the age of Decaturville is Pennsylvanian or Permian, based on CRM paleomagnetism and occurrence of an isolated sulfide breccia body in the central uplift. The Ozark plateau experienced Missouri Valley Type (MVT) sulfide mineralization during the Ouachita orogeny, but our examination of a sample from the sulfide breccia shows it is shattered pyrite and differs from typical MVT deposits. If the breccia is not associated with the regional mineralization, a middle Mississippian age cannot be excluded. Weaubleau, Decaturville, and Crooked Creek are aligned across 199 km. A

  6. Modeling of the impact of Rhone River nutrient inputs on the dynamics of planktonic diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseenko, Elena; Baklouti, Melika; Garreau, Pierre; Guyennon, Arnaud; Carlotti, François

    2014-05-01

    future research. Report of the Workshop «Variability of the Eastern and Western Mediterranean circulation and termohaline properties : similarities and differences ». Rome, 7-9 November, 2011, 48 pp. Parsons, T. R., and Lalli, C. M. (2002) Jellyfish population explosions: Revisiting a hypothesis of possible causes. La Mer 40: 111-121. Pujo-Pay, M., Conan, P., Oriol L., Cornet-Barthaux, V., Falco, C., Ghiglione, J.-F., Goyet, C., Moutin, T. and Prieur, L. (2011) Integrated survey of elemental stoichiometry (C, N, P) from the western to eastern Mediterranean Sea, Biogeoscciences, 8, 883-899. The MerMex Group, Durrieu de Madron X, Guieu C, Sempéré R, Conan P, Cossa D, D'Ortenzio F, Estournel C, Gazeau F, Rabouille C, Stemmann L, Bonnet S, Diaz F, Koubbi P, Radakovitch O, Babin M, Baklouti M, Bancon-Montigny C, Belviso S, Bensoussan N, Bonsang B, Bouloubassi I, Brunet C, Cadiou J-F, Carlotti F, Chami M, Charmasson S, Charrière B, Dachs J, Doxaran D, Dutay J-C, Elbaz-Poulichet F, Eléaume M, Eyrolles F, Fernandez C, Fowler S, Francour P, Gaertner JC, Galzin R, Gasparini S, Ghiglione J-F, Gonzalez J-L, Goyet C, Guidi L, Guizien K, Heimbürger L-E, Jacquet SHM, Jeffrey WH, Joux F, Le Hir P, Leblanc K, Lefèvre D, Lejeusne C, Lemé R, Loÿe-Pilot M-D, Mallet M, Méjanelle L,Mélin F, Mellon C, Mérigot B, Merle P-L, Migon C, Miller WL, Mortier L, Mostajir B, Mousseau L, Moutin T, Para J, Pérez T, Petrenko A, Poggiale J-C, Prieur L, Pujo-Pay M, Pulido-Villena, Raimbult P, Rees AP, Ridame C, Rontani J-F, Ruiz Pino D, Sicre MA, Taillandier V, Tamburini C, Tanaka T, Taupier-Letage I, Tedetti M, Testor P, Thébault H, Thouvenin B, Touratier F, Tronczynski J, Ulses C, Van Wambeke F, Vantrepotte V, Vaz S, Verney R (2011) Marine ecosystems' responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean. Prog Oceanogr 91:97-166

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-10-01

    ,Indonesian electoral behaviour; A statistical perspective. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2004, xli + 429 pp. [Indonesia's Population Series 2.], Evi Nurvida Arifin, Leo Suryadinata (eds -Hans Hägerdal, Arnaud Leveau, Le destin des fils du dragon; L'influence de la communauté chinoise au Viêt Nam et en Thaïlande. Paris: L'Harmattan, Bangkok: Institut de Recherche sur l'Asie de Sud Est Contemporaine, 2003, xii + 88 pp. -Han Bing Siong, A.W.H. Massier, Van recht naar hukum; Indonesische juristen en hun taal, 1915-2000. (Privately published, 2003, xiii + 234 pp. [PhD thesis, Leiden University.] -David Hicks, Andrew Berry, Infinite tropics; An Albert Russel Wallace anthology, with a preface by Stephen Jay Gould. London: Verso, 2002, xviii + 430 pp. -Carool Kersten, J. van Goor, Indische avonturen; Opmerkelijke ontmoetingen met een andere wereld. Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers, 2000, 294 pp. -Lisa Migo, Robert Martin Dumas, 'Teater Abdulmuluk' in Zuid-Sumatra; Op de drempel van een nieuwe tijdperk. Leiden: Onderzoekschool CNWS, School voor Aziatische, Afrikaanse en Amerindische Studies, 2000, 345 pp. -John N. Miksic, Claude Guillot ,Historie de Barus, Sumatra; Le site de Lobu Tua; II; Étude archéologique et documents. Paris: Association Archipel, 2003, 339 pp. [Cahier d'Archipel 30.], Marie-France Dupoizat, Daniel Perret (eds -Sandra Niessen, Traude Gavin, Iban ritual textiles. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2003, xi + 356 pp. [Verhandelingen 205.] -Frank Okker, Jan Lechner, Uit de verte; Een jeugd in Indië 1927-1946. Met een nawoord van Gerard Termorshuizen. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij, 2004, 151 pp. [Boekerij 'Oost en West'.] -Angela Pashia, William D. Wilder, Journeys of the soul; Anthropological studies of death, burial and reburial practices in Borneo. Phillips ME: Borneo Research Council, 2003, vix + 366 pp. [Borneo Research Council Monograph Series 7.] -Jonathan H. Ping, Huub de Jonge ,Transcending borders; Arabs, politics, trade and Islam in Southeast Asia. Leiden

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available -Timothy P. Barnard, Cynthia Chou, Indonesian sea nomads; Money, magic, and fear of the Orang Suku Laut. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, xii + 159 pp. -R.H. Barnes, Toos van Dijk, Gouden eiland in de Bandazee; Socio-kosmische ideeën op Marsela, Maluku Tenggara, Indonesië. Leiden: Onderzoekschool voor Aziatische, Afrikaanse en Amerindische studies (CNWS, Universiteit Leiden, 2000, 458 pp. [CNWS Publications 94.] -Andrew Beatty, Peter G. Riddell, Islam and the Malay-Indonesian world; Transmission and responses. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2001, xvii + 349 pp. -Peter Boomgaard, Richard H. Grove ,El Niño - history and crisis; Studies from the Asia-Pacific region. Cambridge: White Horse Press, 2000, 230 pp., John Chappell (eds -Bernardita Reyes Churchill, Florentino Rodao, Franco y el imperio japonés; Imágenes y propaganda en tiempos de guerra. Barcelona: Plaza and Janés, 2002, 669 pp. -Matthew Cohen, Stuart Robson, The Kraton; Selected essays on Javanese courts. Translated by Rosemary Robson-McKillop. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2003, xxvi + 397 pp. [Translation series 28.] -Serge Dunis, Ben Finney, Sailing in the wake of the ancestors; Reviving Polynesian voyaging. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 2003, 176 pp. [Legacy of excellence.] -Heleen Gall, Jan A. Somers, De VOC als volkenrechtelijke actor. Deventer: Gouda Quint, Rotterdam: Sanders Instituut, 2001, x + 350 pp. -David Henley, Harold Brookfield, Exploring agrodiversity. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001, xix + 348 pp. -David Hicks, Ernst van Veen ,A guide to the sources of the history of Dutch-Portuguese relations in Asia (1594-1797. With a foreword by Leonard Blussé. Leiden: Institute for the history of European expansion, 2001, iv + 378 pp. [Intercontinenta 24.], Daniël Klijn (eds -Nico Kaptein, Donald J. Porter, Managing politics and Islam in Indonesia. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002, xxi + 264 pp. -Victor T. King, Monica Janowski, The forest, source of life; The Kelabit of

  9. Impedance spectroscopy analysis on electrical properties of serpentine at high pressure and high temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU; Maoxu; (

    2001-01-01

    [1]Stesky, R. M., Brace, W. F., Electrical conductivity of serpentinized rocks to 6 kilobar, J. Geophys. Res., 1973, 78 (32): 7614-7621.[2]Zhu Maoxu, Xie Hongsen, Experimental studies on electrical properties of materials in the earth's interior, Advancement in Geosciences (in Chinese), 1998, 13(5): 438-446.[3]Roberts, J. J., Tyburczy, J. A., Frequency dependent electrical properties of polycrystalline olivine compacts, J. Geophys. Res., 1991, 96 (B10): 16205-16222.[4]Roberts, J. J., Tyburczy, J. A., Frequency dependent electrical properties of minerals and partial-melts, Surv. Geophys., 1994, 15: 239-262.[5]Huebner, I. S., Dillenburg, R. G., Impedance spectra of hot, dry silicate minerals and rock: Qualitative interpretation of spectra, Amer. Mineral, 1995, 80: 46-64.[6]Kavner, A., Li, X-Y, Jeanloz, R., Electrical conductivity of a natural (Mg, Fe)SiO3 majorite garnet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1995, 22 (22): 3103-3106.[7]Hicks, T. L., Secco, R., Dehydration and decomposition of pyrophyllite at high pressure: Electrical conductivity and X-ray diffraction studies to 5 Gpa, Can. J. Earth Sci., 1997, 34: 875-882.[8]Li, X-Y, Jeanloz, R., Effect of iron content on the electrical conductivity of perovskite and magnesiowustite assemblages at lower mantle condition, J. Geophys. Res., 1991, 96(B4): 6113-6120.[9]Xie Hongsen, Introduction to the Materials in the Earth's Interior (in Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 1997, 42-53.[10] Tatsurmi, Y., Migration of fluid phase and genesis of basalt magmas in subduction zone, J. Geophys. Res., 1989, 94: 4697-4707.[11] Duba, A., Huenges, G., Nover, E. et al., Impedance of black shale from munsterland 1 borehole: An anomalously good conductor? Geophys. J., 1988, 94: 413-419.[12] Watanabe, T., Kurita, K., The relationship between electrical conductivity and melt fraction in a partially molten simple system: Archies's law behavior, Phys. Earth Planet Inter., 1993, 78: 9-17.[13] Macdonald

  10. UU* filtering of nighttime net ecosystem CO2 exchange flux over forest canopy under strong wind in wintertime

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Junhui

    2005-01-01

    [1]Aubinet, M., Heinesch, B., Longdoz, B., Estimation of the carbon sequestration by a heterogeneous forest: night flux corrections,heterogeneity of the site and inter-annual variability, Global Change Biology, 2002, 8:1053-1071.[2]Charlotte, L.R., Nigel, T.R., Seasonal contribution of CO2 fluxes in the annual C budget of a northern bog, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2003, 171029, doi: 10.1029/20029B001889.[3]Baldocchi, D.D., Hicks, B.B., Meyers, T. P., Measuring biosphere-atmosphere exchanges of biologically related gases with micrometeorological methods, Ecology, 1988, 69:1331-1340.[4]Baldocchi, D.D., Assessing ecosystem carbon balance: problems and prospects of the eddy covariance technique, Global change biology, 2003, 9: 478-492.[5]Canadell, J. G., Mooney, H. A., Baldocchi, D. D. et al., Carbon metabolism of the terrestrial biosphere: A multi technique approach for improved understanding, Ecosystems, 2000, 3:115-130.[6]Schmid, H. P., Footprint modeling for vegetation atmosphere exchange studies: a review and perspective, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2002, 113: 159-183.[7]Wofsy, S. C., Goulden, M. L., Munger, J. W. et al., Net exchange on CO2 in a mid-latitude forest, Science, 1993, 260: 1314-1317.[8]Massman, W. J., Lee, X. H., Eddy covariance flux corrections and uncertainties in long-term studies of carbon and energy exchanges,Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2002, 113: 121-144.[9]Baldocchi, D. D., Finnigan, J., Wilson, K. et al., On measuring net ecosystem carbon exchange over tall vegetation on complex terrain, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 2000, 96: 257-291.[10]Anthoni, P. M., Unsworth, M. H., Law, B. E. et al., Seasonal differences in carbon and water vapor exchange in young and old-growth ponderosa pine ecosystems, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2002, 111: 203-222.[11]Paw U, K. T., Baldocchi, D. D., Meyers, T. P. et al., Correction of eddy-covariance measurements incorporating both advective

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet Rodenburg

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available - Leonard Y. Andaya, H.A. Poeze, Excursies in Celebes; Een bundel bijdragen bij het afscheid van J. Noorduyn als directeur-secretaris van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij, 1991, 348 pp., P. Schoorl (eds. - Anne Booth, Adrian Clemens, Changing economy in Indonesia Volume 12b; Regional patterns in foreign trade 1911-40. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute, 1992., J.Thomas Lindblad, Jeroen Touwen (eds. - A.P. Borsboom, James F. Weiner, The empty place; Poetry space, and being among the Foi of Papua New Guinea. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991. - Martin van Bruinessen, Ozay Mehmet, Islamic identity and development; Studies of the Islamic periphery. London and New York: Routledge, 1990 (cheap paperback edition: Kula Lumpur: Forum, 1990, 259 pp. - H.J.M. Claessen, Timothy Earle, Chiefdoms: power, economy, and ideology. A school of American research book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. 341 pp., bibliography, maps, figs. - H.J.M. Claessen, Henk Schulte Nordholt, State, village, and ritual in Bali; A historical perspective. (Comparitive Asian studies 7. Amsterdam: VU University press for the centre for Asian studies Amsterdam, 1991. 50 pp. - B. Dahm, Ruby R. Paredes, Philippine colonial democracy. (Monograph series 32/Yale University Southeast Asia studies. New Haven: Yale Center for international and Asia studies, 1988, 166 pp. - Eve Danziger, Bambi B. Schieffelin, The give and take of everyday life; Language socialization of Kaluli children. (Studies in the social and cultural foundations of language 9. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. - Roy Ellen, David Hicks, Kinship and religion in Eastern Indonesia. (Gothenburg studies in social anthropology 12. Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 1990, viii 132 pp., maps, figs, tbls. - Paul van der Grijp, Pierre Lemonnier, Guerres et festins; Paix, échanges et competition dans les highlands de Nouvelle

  12. El nuevo esquema de control del mercado financiero – la Superintendencia Financiera de Colombia–

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanza Blanco Barón

    2008-04-01

    án dirigidas a obtener objetivos concretos, por lo que en el concepto se incluye la provisión de los recursos necesarios para su implantación, el seguimiento y verificación de la misma y las sanciones por su incumplimiento, o en otras palabras, el enforcement de dichas instituciones. Como se colige de lo anterior, el bien, o más bien servicio, sujeto a transacción en este esquema es la supervisión. Al respecto, la integración de la supervisión se habría justificado, siguiendo un criterio de KalDor - HicKs (núñez, 2000: 114, en tanto generaría ganancias en el proceso de supervisión del sistema financiero bancario, mayores que la pérdida de valor que se presentaría en el caso del mercado de valores. Esto suponiendo que se priorizaría en la supervisión aquella de carácter prudencial, dirigida a salvaguardar la solvencia de las entidades frente a los riesgos de sus actividades, dejando en segundo plano, sin desconocerlos por supuesto, los objetivos de desarrollo del mercado. Esto es lo que en otras palabras se ha dado en llamar la ‘bancarización’ de la regulación y supervisión del mercado de valores. De esta forma, el propósito de este trabajo es plantear una metodología de análisis para la evaluación del nuevo marco institucional, desde el punto de vista de la reducción de los costos de transacción en la supervisión del mercado financiero, que llevarían eventualmente a mejorar la capacidad del sistema financiero de contribuir con el desarrollo económico. La supervisión se entenderá en su sentido amplio, esto es la que cubre tanto el desempeño de las entidades, como el monitoreo del cumplimiento de la regulación (briault, 1999: 6 Así, partiendo del concepto de costos de transacción se planteará la justificación que se da en la teoría a la integración de las actividades económicas, analizando si es posible encontrar dicha justificación en el proceso que dio lugar a creación de la Superintendencia Financiera de Colombia. Seguidamente se

  13. Investigation the possibility of Aggregation fruits and nuts, vegetables, Beans and vegetable products: Using Generalized Composite Commodity Theorem (GCCT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shabanzadeh

    2016-05-01

    is investigated. Materials and Methods: Many efforts have been made by Economists to the necessary conditions for the validity of the Aggregation submitted. The first step was taken by Hicks with proposing a theory of composite commodities. Based on this theory, the goods can be placed in a group and form a single product, they must be equal to the ratio of their prices change over time. In other words, relative prices remain constant. Separability in production and Consumption theory, respectively by Leon Leontief and Sano also attempt to provide the necessary conditions have been aggregation among the goods. Based on this theory, inputs can be in a group that Marginal rate of substitution (MRS between each pair of these inputs in a group independent from a separate group from the group. Blackorby and colleagues show that the dual condition of the license is limited to the aggregation of the products it provides. Lewbel (1996, the third method called generalized composite commodities theory (GCCT is provided. Unlike the theory of Separability, do not apply any restrictions on the production technology, and it was for this reason that Lewbel was named the aggregation without separability. According to Lewbel theory, all products which those relative price index is independent group's index, can be classified in a group.Information needed as monthly statistics were collected from the central bank for the period 1383-1391. Results and Discussion: The results of this study indicates that fruit and nuts, with respect to meeting the test requirements GCCT, fruit trees, cucurbit fruits and dried fruit can be considered as three aggregate groups; And furthermore, these three groups can be aggregated as a fruit and dried fruit group. Also Leaf vegetables, vegetables shrub, and bean (legumes can be considered as aggregate of four groups, can be considered as four aggregate groups; furthermore, these four groups can be aggregate as a fruit ans dried fruit group; In addition

  14. Spatial pattern of nitrogen deposition flux over Czech forests: a novel approach accounting for unmeasured nitrogen species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hůnová, Iva; Stoklasová, Petra; Kurfürst, Pavel; Vlček, Ondřej; Schovánková, Jana; Stráník, Vojtěch

    2015-04-01

    atmospheric nitrogen deposition flux over the Czech forests collating all available data and model results. The aim of the presented study is to provide an improved, more reliable and more realistic estimate of spatial pattern of nitrogen deposition flux over one country. This has so far been based standardly on measurements of ambient N/NOx concentrations as dry deposition proxy, and N/NH4+ and N/NO3- as wet deposition proxy. For estimate of unmeasured species contributing to dry deposition, we used an Eulerian photochemical dispersion model CAMx, the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with extensions (ESSS, 2011), coupled with a high resolution regional numeric weather prediction model Aladin (Vlček, Corbet, 2011). Contribution of fog was estimated using a geostatistical data driven model. Final maps accounting for unmeasured species clearly indicate, that so far used approach results in substantial underestimation of nitrogen deposition flux. Substitution of unmeasured nitrogen species by modeled values seems to be a plausible way for approximation of total nitrogen deposition, and getting more realistic spatial pattern as input for further studies of likely nitrogen impacts on ecosystems. Acknowledgements: We would like to acknowledge the grants GA14-12262S - Effects of changing growth conditions on tree increment, stand production and vitality - danger or opportunity for the Central-European forestry?, and NAZV QI112A168 (ForSoil) of the Czech Ministry for Agriculture for support of this contribution. The input data used for the analysis were provided by the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute. References: Bobbink, R., Hicks, K., Galloway, J., Spranger, T., Alkemade, R. et al. (2010): Global Assessment of Nitrogen Deposition Effects on Terrestrial Plant Diversity: a Synthesis. Ecological Applications 20 (1), 30-59. Fowler D., O'Donoghue M., Muller J.B.A, et al. (2005): A chronology of nitrogen deposition in the UK between 1900 and 2000. Watter, Air & Soil Pollution: Focus

  15. PREFACE: International Conference on Magnetism (ICM 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goll, Gernot; Löhneysen, Hilbert v.; Loidl, Alois; Pruschke, Thomas; Richter, Manuel; Schultz, Ludwig; Sürgers, Christoph; Wosnitza, Jochen

    2010-11-01

    helped to run the conference. We are grateful for financial support to Universität Karlsruhe (TH) and Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (both institutions merged to form the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) as of 1 October 2009), International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), the City of Karlsruhe, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German National Science Foundation) and the European Commission through COST MPNS Action P16. Hilbert v Löhneysen Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Email address: hilbert.loehneysen@kit.edu Logo Conference Organization Chairperson Hilbert v Löhneysen, Karlsruhe Members of IUPAP Commission 9 Magnetism C Chang, TaipeiD Kaczorowski, Wroclaw khrouhou, SfaxP H Kes, Leiden M A Continentino, NiteróiS Maekawa, Sendai D E Dahlberg, MinnesotaI Mertig, Halle D Fiorani, RomaD McMorow, London M R Freeman, EdmontonS Rezende, Recife D Givord, GrenobleS Sanvito, Dublin A Granovsky, MoscowJ Xiaofeng, Shanghai International Advisory Board G Aeppli, UKM Gingras, Canada I Affleck, CanadaJ C Gomez Sal, Spain J Akimitsu, JapanP A Grünberg, Germany D Awschalom, USAB Heinrich, Canada S D Bader, USAT J Hicks, Australia E Baggio-Saitovitch, BrazilM R Ibarra, Spain M N Baibich, BrazilY H Jeong, Korea G Baskaran, IndiaB Keimer, Germany E Bauer, AustriaG Kotliar, USA R J Birgeneau, USAR B Laughlin, USA P Bruno, GermanyP A Lee, USA J Chapman, UKG G Lonzarich, UK Y Endoh, JapanA MacDonald, USA A Fert, FranceM B Maple, USA J Fink, GermanyA J Millis, USA Z Fisk, USAL W Molenkamp, Germany J Flouquet, FranceJ A Mydosh, Germany A J Freeman, USAY Maeno, Japan H Fukuyama, JapanK Miyake, Japan P Fulde, GermanyP Nordblad, Sweden H Ohno, JapanF Steglich, Germany H R Ott, SwitzerlandT Takabatake, Japan Y Onuki, JapanJ L Tholence, France S S P Parkin, USAY Tokura, Japan A P Ramirez, USAK Ueda, Japan T M Rice, SwitzerlandD Vollhardt, Germany Z X Shen, USAE F Wassermann, Germany S -C Shin, KoreaM K Wu, Taiwan T Shinjo, JapanD Y Xing, China J C Slonczewski, USAY D Yao

  16. 近期干细胞研究专利

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    究的模型。 Temple Univ(Philadelphia P A) Hatton K,Redday E P,Toscani A 1998.10.22 A1 WO9846733[ 〗制备具有一条完整异源染色体的转基因ES细胞,以生产转基因生物,包括给染色体加显 性标记, 诱导微细胞形成,以及微细胞与胚胎细胞的融合。 Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med ( London) Fisher E,Hernandez D,Martin J,et al. 1998.10.22 A1 WO9845326 编码干细胞锌指的多核苷酸:用于基因治疗,以替换或补充锌指蛋白缺陷基因 。[ 〗Osiris Therapeutics(Cleveland,O H) Civin C L,Liu C,Small D 1998.10.15[ 〗 A1 WO9842838 通过删除组织相容性基因复合体区移并用编码异源等位基因 的多 核苷酸替换生产表达异源组织相容性等位基因的细胞,以用于MHC抗原选择性表达初选细胞的 制备。 Morphogenesis Inc(Alachua F L) Lawman M J P,Lawman P 1998 .1 0.1 A1 WO9842356 在体外经标记,图象记录,激光束照射单个标记的细 胞,特别是骨髓细胞,可以造血细胞中(尤其在富含干细胞中)消除肿瘤细胞。处理过的细胞能 够被引入病人,例如,在癌症治疗中应用。 Palsson,B O[ 〗Palsson B O 1998.10.1 A1 EP867720 应用流式细胞仪而非抗体, 测定原始造血细胞数,以用于外周血干细胞移植治疗(例如对化学治疗和放射治疗的病人)中 监测干 细胞的移动。 Toa Medical,Electronics Co(Japan) Hamaguchi Y,Houwen B,Ikeuch i Y,et al 1998.9.30 A1 WO9840468 将携带选择性标志的载体导入胚 胎ES 细胞基因,生产特定基因的表达被抑制的选择性细胞系或转基因动物。 Vanderbilt Univ (Nashville T N) Hick G G,Ruley H E 1998.9.17 A1

  17. Correspondencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gabriel Franco

    2005-12-01

    en un servicio de medicina interna. Medunab 2005; 8: 11-14. 2.Franco JG, Gómez PE, Ocampo MV, Vargas A, Berríos DM. Prevalencia de trastornos psiquiátricos en pacientes medicoquirúrgicos hospitalizados en la Clínica Universitaria Bolivariana de Medellín, Colombia. Colomb Med 2005; 36: 186-193. 3.Herrero MJ, Blanch J, Peri JM, De Pablo J, Pintor L, Bulbena A. A validation study in the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS in a Spanish population. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2003; 25: 277-283. 4.Rubio-Stipec M, Hicks MHR, Tsuang MT. Cultural factors influencing the selection, use, and interpretation of psychiatric measures. (CD-ROM. In: Rush AJ, Pincus HA, First MB, Zarin DA, Blacker D, Endicott J, et al. (eds.. Handbook of psychiatric measures. Washington: American Psychiatric Association; 2002 5.Rosselli D, Ardila A, Pradilla G, Morillo L, Bautista L, Rey O, et al. El examen mental abreviado (mini-mental state examination como prueba de tamización para el diagnóstico de demencia: estudio poblacional colombiano. Rev Neurol 2000; 30: 428-432. Adalberto Campo, M.D. Profesor Asociado Línea de Salud Mental, Facultad de Medicina Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga Trastornos psiquiátricos en pacientes medicoquirúrgicos hospitalizados en la Clínica Universitaria Bolivariana: Los resultados son válidos Gracias por su interés en este artículo1. Las cartas al editor son una excelente oportunidad para que entre todos avancemos en la cimentación del conocimiento. Según la revisión que se hizo, este es el primer estudio en Colombia que evalúa la prevalencia de los principales trastornos psiquiátricos en personas hospitalizadas por enfermedades medicoquirúrgicas. Queda claro en la metodología (ver los criterios de exclusión y discusión del mismo que no se pretendió “extrapolar los resultados a todos los pacientes que se atienden en la institución”. En el artículo de Mogollón et al.2, evaluaron la prevalencia de trastorno depresivo mayor en personas

  18. Theory of Transcendent unity of Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Ali Torkamany

    2015-09-01

    Shinakht, Vol.2. No.2, 213-245 • Akbariyan, Reza, Jalali, Alireza,2008, A ciritical consideration on ancient view of the Unity of reliegions, The new religious thought journal, No:12 • Bahrami, Mohammad, 2002,A Critique on “Quran and pluralism”, Quranic research journal, No:32, 124-151 • Bahrami, Mohammad, 2003,A Critique on “Quran and pluralism”, Quranic research journal, No:33, 149-169 • Bahrani, seyed Hashem, 1995, Al-borhan, Trhran, Besat institute • Fakhr-e-Razi, mohammad ibn omar, 1999, Mafatih ol-gheyb, Beirut, Dar ehya al-toras al-arabi • Fazlollah, seyed mohammad Hosein,1998, men wahye Al-qoran, Beirut, Dar ol-melak • Feyz Kashani, Mohsen,1994, Al-safi, Tehran, Al-Sadr • Ghadrdan Gharamaleki, MohammadHasan, (n.d, Quran And Pluraism, Tehran, Youth thought center • Ghadrdan Gharamaleki, MohammadHasan,2003, A Critique on “Quran and pluralism”, Quranic researchs journal, No:33, 138-157 • Gharaati, Mohsen,1994, Tafsir-e-Noor, Tehran, Cultural Center of the lessons from the Quran • Glyn, Richards, 2001, Towards atheology of religions, translated by Gandomi NasrAbadi, Reza, Meftah, AhmadReza, Qom, Religious Studies and researchs Center, • Hick, john, 1993, Philosophy of Reliegion, Tehran, Al-hoda • Ibn babeweih, Mohammad ibn Ali, 1997,Al-amali, Tehran, Ketabchi • Ibn-r-e-manzur, mohammad ibn mokarram, 1993, Lesan ol-Arab, Beirut, Dar e sadr • Peterson ,Michael, Hasker ,William , Reichenbach, Bruce & Basinger ,David , 2010, Reason and religious belief, Tehran, Tarhe now • Javadi Amoli, Abd-o-allah, 2010, Religious studies, Qom. Esra • Javadi Amoli, Abd-o-allah, 2011, Tasnim, Qom. Esra • Karami, Tayebe, Kadivar, Mohsen, 2004, Relationship human diversity with a multiplicity of religions And the idea of transcendent unity of religions in the eyes of traditionalists Journal of Religious Thought , No:12 • Majlesi, Mohammadbagher, 1982 , Behar ol-Anwar(Seas of Lights , Beirut, Dar ehya al-toras al-arabi • Makarem, Shirazi