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Sample records for hiatal hernias types

  1. Hiatal Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    A hiatal hernia is a condition in which the upper part of the stomach bulges through an opening in the diaphragm. ... into the esophagus. When you have a hiatal hernia, it's easier for the acid to come up. ...

  2. Hiatal hernia repair - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... presentations/100028.htm Hiatal hernia repair - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing features on ... Overview The esophagus runs through the diaphragm to the stomach. It functions to carry food from the mouth ...

  3. Diagnosis of Type-I hiatal hernia: a comparison of high-resolution manometry and endoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khajanchee, Y S; Cassera, M A; Swanström, L L; Dunst, C M

    2013-01-01

    Sliding Type-I hiatal hernia is commonly diagnosed using upper endoscopy, barium swallow or less commonly, esophageal manometry. Current data suggest that endoscopy is superior to barium swallow or esophageal manometry. Recently, high-resolution manometry has become available for the assessment of esophageal motility. This novel technology is capable of displaying spatial and topographic pressure profiles of gastroesophageal junction and crural diaphragm in real time. The objective of the current study was to compare the specificity and sensitivity of high-resolution manometry and endoscopy in the diagnosis of sliding hiatal hernia in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Data were analyzed retrospectively for 83 consecutive patients (61% females, mean age 52 ± 13.2 years) with objective gastroesophageal reflux disease who were considered for laparoscopic antireflux surgery between January 2006 and January 2009 and had preoperative high-resolution manometry and endoscopy. Manometrically, hiatal hernia was defined as separation of the gastroesophageal junction >2.0 cm from the crural diaphragm. Intraoperative diagnosis of hiatal hernia was used as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios of a positive test and a negative test were used to compare the performance of the two diagnostic modalities. Forty-two patients were found to have a Type-I sliding hiatal hernia (>2 cm) during surgery. Twenty-two patients had manometric criteria for a hiatal hernia by high-resolution manometry, and 36 patients were described as having a hiatal hernia by preoperative endoscopy. False positive results were significantly fewer (higher specificity) with high-resolution manometry as compared with endoscopy (4.88% vs. 31.71%, P= 0.01). There were no significant differences in the false negative results (sensitivity) between the two diagnostic modalities (47.62% vs. 45.24%, P= 0.62). Analysis of likelihood ratios of a positive and negative test

  4. Struggling with a Gastric Volvulus Secondary to a Type IV Hiatal Hernia

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    Dafnomilis George

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Type IV hiatal hernias are characterized by herniation of the stomach along with associated viscera such as the spleen, colon, small bowel, and pancreas through the esophageal hiatus. They are relatively rare, representing only about 5%–7% of all hernias, and can be associated with severe complications. We report a 71-year-old veteran wrestler who presented to our department with a type IV paraesophageal hernia containing a gastric volvulus and treated successfully with emergency operation.

  5. Type IV hiatal hernia post laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: report of a case.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Awad, Z T

    2001-01-01

    A postoperative hiatal hernia is a rare but serious complication of fundoplication. We report herein a 62-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and vomiting 2 years following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. At laparotomy, the stomach and the transverse colon were intrathoracic (type IV hiatal hernia); the esophageal hiatus was markedly dilated with no evidence that they had been approximated. At 18 months follow-up, she is doing very well apart from occasional heartburn. A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose postoperative hiatal hernias. A routine closure of the crura with nonabsorbable suture material and an avoidance of iatrogenic pneumothorax may help to reduce the occurrence of this problem.

  6. Laparoscopic hernioplasty of hiatal hernia

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    Yang, Xuefei; Hua, Rong; He, Kai; Shen, Qiwei

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is a good choice for surgical treatment of hiatal hernia because of its mini-invasive nature and intraperitoneal view and operating angle. This article will talk about the surgical procedures, technical details, precautions and complications about laparoscopic hernioplasty of hiatal hernia. PMID:27761447

  7. [Diagnosis and surgical therapy of hiatal hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, O O; Köhler, G; Antoniou, S A; Pointner, R

    2014-08-01

    Using the usual diagnostic tools like barium swallow examination, endoscopy, and manometry, we are able to diagnose a hiatal hernia, but it is not possible to predict the size of the hernia opening or, respectively, the size of the hiatal defect. At least a correlation can be expected if the gastroesophageal junction is endoscopically assessed in a retroflexed position, and graded according to Hill. So far, it is not possible to come to a clear conclusion how the hiatal closure during hiatal hernia repair should be performed. There is no consensus on using a mesh, and when using a mesh which type or shape should be used. Further studies including long-term results on this issue are necessary. However, it seems obvious to make the decision depending on certain conditions found during operation, and not on preoperative findings.

  8. Hiatal hernia: An unusual presentation of dyspnea

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    Seied Ahmad Mirdamadi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context : Hiatal hernia is an infrequent but serious cause of dyspnea. We report a case of acute dyspnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea secondary to hiatal hernia and epicardial fat pad. Case Report : A 78-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Lab data and physical examination were normal. Computed tomography scan demonstrated a large hiatal hernia and epicardial fat pad. Conclusion : Although rare, hiatal hernia should be suspected in patients who develop unexplained dyspnea.

  9. Congenital oesophageal hiatal hernia in a pug

    OpenAIRE

    Keeley B; Puggioni A; Pratschke K

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Congenital sliding, oesophageal or type I hiatal hernia was diagnosed in a five-month-old pug puppy presented for evaluation of dyspnoea post feeding. The diagnosis was confirmed using plain film radiography. Surgical reduction of the hernia followed by plication of the oesophageal hiatus, oesophagopexy and left flank gastropexy permitted restoration of normal function. At 12 months of age, the dog was asymptomatic. This article describes the diagnosis and treatment of a congenital t...

  10. Hiatal Hernia as a Total Gastrectomy Complication

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    Bruna do Nascimento Santos

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: According to the Brazilian National Institute of Cancer, gastric cancer is the third leading cause of death among men and the fifth among women in Brazil. Surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment. The most serious complications associated with surgery are fistulas and dehiscence of the jejunal-esophageal anastomosis. Hiatal hernia refers to herniation of elements of the abdominal cavity through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm, though this occurrence is rarely reported as a complication in gastrectomy. Case Report: A 76-year-old man was diagnosed with intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma. He underwent a total laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy on May 19, 2015. The pathology revealed a pT4pN3 gastric adenocarcinoma. The patient became clinically stable and was discharged 10 days after surgery. He was subsequently started on adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy; however, 9 days after the second cycle, he was brought to the emergency room with nausea and severe epigastric pain. A CT scan revealed a hiatal hernia with signs of strangulation. The patient underwent emergent repair of the hernia and suffered no postoperative complications. He was discharged from the hospital 9 days after surgery. Conclusion: Hiatal hernia is not well documented, and its occurrence in the context of gastrectomy is an infrequent complication.

  11. Massive hiatal hernia in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    al-Arfaj, A L; Khwaja, M S; Upadhyaya, P

    1991-08-01

    Ten children had massive hiatal hernias repaired between January 1982 and February 1991. Their clinical presentation, association with other congenital abnormalities, and postoperative complications were different from those seen in adults. Vomiting (n = 7) and anaemia (n = 7) were the most common symptoms, followed by respiratory distress (n = 5), cough (n = 3), and regurgitation (n = 3). Abdominal pain was uncommon. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed in seven cases by barium meal examination. The most common operation was Nissen's fundoplication (n = 7); the hiatus alone was repaired in the remainder. Five patients developed postoperative complications and two died probably as a result of delay in diagnosis and associated malformations.

  12. Hiatal hernia repair with biologic mesh reinforcement reduces recurrence rate in small hiatal hernias.

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    Schmidt, E; Shaligram, A; Reynoso, J F; Kothari, V; Oleynikov, D

    2014-01-01

    The utility of mesh reinforcement for small hiatal hernia found especially during antireflux surgery is unknown. Initial reports for the use of biological mesh for crural reinforcement during repair for defects greater than 5 cm have been shown to decrease recurrence rates. This study compares patients with small hiatal hernias who underwent onlay biologic mesh buttress repair versus those with suture cruroplasty alone. This is a single-institution retrospective review of all patients undergoing repair of hiatal hernia measuring 1-5 cm between 2002 and 2009. The patients were evaluated based on surgical repair: one group undergoing crural reinforcement with onlay biologic mesh and other group with suture cruroplasty only. Seventy patients with hiatal hernia measuring 1-5 cm were identified. Thirty-eight patients had hernia repair with biologic mesh, and 32 patients had repair with suture cruroplasty only. Recurrence rate at 1 year was 16% (5/32) in patients who had suture cruroplasty only and 0% (0/38) in the group with crural reinforcement with absorbable mesh (statistically significant, P = 0.017). Suture cruroplasty alone appears to be inadequate for hiatal hernias measuring 1-5 cm with significant recurrence rate and failure of antireflux surgery. Crural reinforcement with absorbable mesh may reduce hiatal hernia recurrence rate in small hiatal hernias. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

  13. Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernias: Experience after 200 consecutive cases

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    Bjelović Miloš

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Repair of hiatal hernias has been performed traditionally via open laparotomy or thoracotomy. Since first laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in 1992, this method had a growing popularity and today it is the standard approach in experienced centers specialized for minimally invasive surgery. Objective. In the current study we present our experience after 200 consecutive laparoscopic hiatal hernia repairs. Methods. A retrospective cohort study included 200 patients who underwent elective laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair at the Department for Minimally Invasive Upper Digestive Surgery, Clinic for Digestive Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia in Belgrade from April 2004 to December 2013. Results. Hiatal hernia types included 108 (54% patients with type I, 30 (15% with type III, 62 (31% with giant paraesophageal hernia, while 27 (13.5% patients presented with a chronic gastric volvulus. There were a total of 154 (77% Nissen fundoplications. In 26 (13% cases Nissen procedure was combined with esophageal lengthening procedure (Collis-Nissen, and in 17 (8.5% Toupet fundoplications was performed. Primary retroesophageal crural repair was performed in 164 (82% cases, Cleveland Clinic Foundation suture modification in 27 (13.5%, 4 (2% patients underwent synthetic mesh hiatoplasty, 1 (0.5% primary repair reinforced with pledgets, and 4 (2% autologous fascia lata graft reinforcement. Poor result with anatomic and symptomatic recurrence (indication for revisional surgery was detected in 5 patients (2.7%. Conclusion. Based on the result analysis, we found that laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair was a technically challenging but feasible technique, associated with good to excellent postoperative outcomes comparable to the best open surgery series.

  14. Giant Hiatal Hernia Which Causes Dyspnea

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    Muhammet Sayan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Hiatal hernia refers to circumstance in which content of abdomen, especially stomach, herniate to through the esophageal hiatus into the mediastinum. Variable symptoms occur such as epigastric pain, dyspnea, dyspepsia. The indications for surgery, symptomatic patients which refractory to medical therapy, obstruction and bleeding.

  15. Hiatal hernia on thoracic computed tomography in pulmonary fibrosis.

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    Tossier, Céline; Dupin, Clairelyne; Plantier, Laurent; Leger, Julie; Flament, Thomas; Favelle, Olivier; Lecomte, Thierry; Diot, Patrice; Marchand-Adam, Sylvain

    2016-09-01

    Gastro-oesophageal reflux has long been suspected of implication in the genesis and progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We hypothesised that hiatal hernia may be more frequent in IPF than in other interstitial lung disease (ILD), and that hiatal hernia may be associated with more severe clinical characteristics in IPF.We retrospectively compared the prevalence of hiatal hernia on computed tomographic (CT) scans in 79 patients with IPF and 103 patients with other ILD (17 scleroderma, 54 other connective tissue diseases and 32 chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis). In the IPF group, we compared the clinical, biological, functional, CT scan characteristics and mortality of patients with hiatal hernia (n=42) and without hiatal hernia (n=37).The prevalence of hiatal hernia on CT scan at IPF diagnosis was 53%, similar to ILD associated with scleroderma, but significantly higher than in the two other ILD groups. The size of the hiatal hernia was not linked to either fibrosis CT scan scores, or reduction in lung function in any group. Mortality from respiratory causes was significantly higher among IPF patients with hiatal hernia than among those without hiatal hernia (p=0.009).Hiatal hernia might have a specific role in IPF genesis, possibly due to pathological gastro-oesophageal reflux.

  16. Repair of a sliding (type I hiatal hernia in a cat via herniorrhaphy, esophagoplasty and floppy Nissen fundoplication

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    Jennifer M Gambino

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 10-month-old domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for severe esophagitis and protracted vomiting and regurgitation secondary to a sliding (type I hiatal hernia. The hernia and concurrent upper airway obstruction (nasopharyngeal polyp were diagnosed with a multi-modality approach, including thoracic and abdominal radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, computed tomography and endoscopy. Following unsuccessful attempts at medical management, lower esophageal incompetence was successfully treated by employing a combination of surgical techniques, including herniorrhaphy, esophagopexy and modified (floppy Nissen fundoplication. Relevance and novel information A multi-modality imaging approach was valuable in completely assessing the extent of this cat’s disease. Although an untraditional approach, the authors report herein the first clinical description of the use of combined surgical techniques with the floppy Nissen fundoplication technique (an antireflux procedure in a cat. This procedure was used as a first-line surgical technique in this cat with severe lower esophageal incompetence, and may be a viable option for cases non-responsive to other therapeutic interventions. Further investigation of this surgical technique is warranted.

  17. Hiatal hernia squeezing the heart to flutter.

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    Patel, Arpan; Shah, Rushikesh; Nadavaram, Sravanthi; Aggarwal, Aakash

    2014-04-01

    An 80-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with failure to thrive and weakness for 14 days. Medical history was significant for polio. On admission her electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter, and cardiac enzymes were elevated. Echocardiogram revealed a high pulmonary artery pressure, but no other wall motion abnormalities or valvulopathies. Chest x-ray showed a large lucency likely representing a diaphragmatic hernia. Computed tomographic scan confirmed the hernia. Our patient remained in atrial flutter despite rate control, and thereafter surgery was consulted to evaluate the patient. She underwent hernia repair. After surgery, the patient was taken off rate control and monitored for 72 hours; she did not have any episode of atrial flutter and was discharged with follow up in a week showing no arrhythmia. Her flutter was caused directly by the mechanical effect of the large hiatal hernia pressing against her heart, as the flutter resolved after the operation.

  18. Tailored or routine addition of an antireflux fundoplication in laparoscopic large hiatal hernia repair: a comparative cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Furnee, E.J.B.; Draaisma, W.A.; Gooszen, H.G.; Hazebroek, E.J.; Smout, A.J.P.M.; Broeders, I.A.M.J.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the tailored or routine addition of an antireflux fundoplication in large hiatal hernia (type II-IV) repair. We investigated the strategy of selective addition of a fundoplication in patients with a large hiatal hernia and concomitant gastroesophageal reflux di

  19. Hiatal hernia in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) pup.

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    Biancani, Barbara; Field, Cara L; Dennison, Sophie; Pulver, Robert; Tuttle, Allison D

    2012-06-01

    A 2-wk-old stranded harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) rescued by Mystic Aquarium showed signs of the presence of a hiatal hernia during rehabilitation. Contrast radiographs of esophagus and stomach revealed an intrathoracic radiodensity that contains filling defects typical of stomach, consistent with gastric rugal folds. Mural thickening was observed at the level of the cardia consistent with a diagnosis of a hiatal hernia. Although clinical improvement was noted with medical therapy and tube feeding, surgical correction of the hiatal hernia was considered necessary for full resolution. However, owing to the animal's low body weight, the corrective hernia surgery was postponed until the body condition improved. The seal needed to be surgically treated for a corneal ulcer, and while anesthetized with isoflurane, the seal became dyspneic and developed cardiac arrhythmias; ultimately cardiac arrest ensued. Resuscitation was unsuccessfully attempted and the seal was euthanized. Necropsy confirmed the radiographic diagnosis and further characterized a paraesophageal hiatal hernia.

  20. Syncope Caused by Huge Hiatal Hernia

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    Gabriel Vanerio

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A 84-year-old white female had a brief loss of consciousness while playing bridge. A few minutes before the episode she had eaten pizza and significant amount of carbonated soft drinks. After recovery, her friends noticed that she was alert, but pale and sweating. Upon arrival at the emergency room, sitting blood pressure was 160/60 mmHg with a normal sinus rhythm. A chest X-Ray was performed, which was essential to make the diagnosis. The X-Ray showed a large retrocardiac opacity with air and liquid level compatible with a giant hiatus hernia. After a copious snack the hiatal hernia compressed the left atrium, decreasing the left cardiac output, elucidating the mechanism of the syncopal episode. In patients presenting with swallow syncope (particularly after a copious meal, validating the importance of a careful history, a chest X-Ray should be always be performed.

  1. Full incorporation of Strattice™ Reconstructive Tissue Matrix in a reinforced hiatal hernia repair: a case report

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    Freedman Bruce E

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction A non-cross-linked porcine acellular dermal matrix was used to reinforce an esophageal hiatal hernia repair. A second surgery was required 11 months later to repair a slipped Nissen; this allowed for examination of the hiatal hernia repair and showed the graft to be well vascularized and fully incorporated. Case presentation A 71-year-old Caucasian woman presented with substernal burning and significant dysphagia. An upper gastrointestinal series revealed a type III complex paraesophageal hiatal hernia. She underwent laparoscopic surgery to repair a hiatal hernia that was reinforced with a xenograft (Strattice™ Reconstructive Tissue Matrix, LifeCell, Branchburg, NJ, USA along with a Nissen fundoplication. A second surgery was required to repair a slipped Nissen; this allowed for examination of the hiatal repair and graft incorporation 11 months after the initial surgery. Conclusion In this case, a porcine acellular dermal matrix was an effective tool to reinforce the crural hiatal hernia repair. The placement of the mesh and method of fixation are believed to be crucial to the success of the graft. It was found to be well vascularized 11 months after the original placement with no signs of erosion, stricture, or infection. Further studies and long-term follow-up are required to support the findings of this case report.

  2. Similar symptom patterns in gastroesophageal reflux patients with and without hiatal hernia.

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    Antoniou, S A; Koch, O O; Antoniou, G A; Asche, K U; Kaindlstorfer, A; Granderath, F A; Pointner, R

    2013-07-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common clinical entity in Western societies. Its association with hiatal hernia has been well documented; however, the comparative clinical profile of patients in the presence or absence of hiatal hernia remains mostly unknown. The aim of the present study was to delineate and compare symptom, impedance, and manometric patterns of patients with and without hiatal hernia. A cumulative number of 120 patients with reflux disease were enrolled in the study. Quality of life score, demographic, symptom, manometric, and impedance data were prospectively collected. Data comparison was undertaken between patients with and without hiatal hernia. A P-value hiatal hernia tended to be older than patients without hernia (52.3 vs. 48.6 years, P hiatal hernia (78.3% vs. 93.9%, P hiatal hernia on manometric and impedance studies. Distinct functional characteristics in patients with and without hiatal hernia may suggest a tailored therapeutic management for these diverse patient groups.

  3. Hiatal Hernia Repair with Gore Bio-A Tissue Reinforcement: Our Experience

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    Agrusa Antonino

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Type I hiatal hernia is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD in 50–90% of cases. Several trials strongly support surgery as an effective alternative to medical therapy. Today, laparoscopic fundoplication is considered as the procedure of choice. However, primary laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair is associated with upto 42% recurrence rate. Mesh reinforcement of the crural closure decreases the recurrence but can lead to complications, above all nonabsorbable ones. We experiment a new totally absorbable mesh by Gore. Case. We present a case of a 65-year-old female patient with a 6-year classic history of GERD. Endoscopy revealed a large hiatal hernia and esophagitis. pH study was positive for acid reflux; esophageal manometry revealed LES intrathoracic dislocation. With laparoscopic approach, the hiatal hernia defect was identified and primarily repaired, by crural closure. Gore Bio-A Tissue Reinforcement was trimmed to fit the defect accommodating the esophagus. Nissen fundoplication was performed. Result. Bio-A mesh was easily placed laparoscopically. It has good handling and could be cut and tailored intraoperatively for optimal adaptation. There were no short-term complications. Conclusion. Crural closure reinforcement can be done readily with this new totally absorbable mesh replaced by soft tissue over six months. However, further data and studies are needed to evaluate long-term outcomes.

  4. Resorbable biosynthetic mesh for crural reinforcement during hiatal hernia repair.

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    Alicuben, Evan T; Worrell, Stephanie G; DeMeester, Steven R

    2014-10-01

    The use of mesh to reinforce crural closure during hiatal hernia repair is controversial. Although some studies suggest that using synthetic mesh can reduce recurrence, synthetic mesh can erode into the esophagus and in our opinion should be avoided. Studies with absorbable or biologic mesh have not proven to be of benefit for recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of hiatal hernia repair with modern resorbable biosynthetic mesh in combination with adjunct tension reduction techniques. We retrospectively analyzed all patients who had crural reinforcement during repair of a sliding or paraesophageal hiatal hernia with Gore BioA resorbable mesh. Objective follow-up was by videoesophagram and/or esophagogastroduodenoscopy. There were 114 patients. The majority of operations (72%) were laparoscopic primary repairs with all patients receiving a fundoplication. The crura were closed primarily in all patients and reinforced with a BioA mesh patch. Excessive tension prompted a crural relaxing incision in four per cent and a Collis gastroplasty in 39 per cent of patients. Perioperative morbidity was minor and unrelated to the mesh. Median objective follow-up was one year, but 18 patients have objective follow-up at two or more years. A recurrent hernia was found in one patient (0.9%) three years after repair. The use of crural relaxing incisions and Collis gastroplasty in combination with crural reinforcement with resorbable biosynthetic mesh is associated with a low early hernia recurrence rate and no mesh-related complications. Long-term follow-up will define the role of these techniques for hiatal hernia repair.

  5. Large hiatal hernia in infancy with right intrathoracic stomach along with left sided morgagni hernia.

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    Saeed, Uzma; Mazhar, Naveed; Zameer, Shahla

    2014-11-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a very common intrathoracic fetal anomaly with Morgagni hernia typically seen on right side anteriorly and Bochdalek hernia on left side posteriorly, because of the protective effects of liver and heart on either side respectively. Hiatal hernias range from herniation of a small portion of stomach into thoracic cavity to herniation of entire stomach into the left thoracic cavity. Very rarely the herniated stomach has been reported in the right thoracic cavity. Early diagnosis and treatment of all diaphragmatic hernias is essential to reduce the associated morbidity and mortality. We present a very rare and interesting case of an 18 months old baby girl with reverse scenarios. She had a large hiatal hernia with right intrathoracic stomach along with a left sided Morgagni hernia in combination.

  6. A Large Intra-Abdominal Hiatal Hernia as a Rare Cause of Dyspnea

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    Cem Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant hiatal hernias, generally seen at advanced ages, can rarely cause cardiac symptoms such as dyspnea and chest pain. Here, we aimed to present a case with a large hiatal hernia that largely protruded to intrathoracic cavity and caused dyspnea, particularly at postprandial period, by compressing the left atrium and right pulmonary vein. We considered presenting this case as large hiatal hernia is a rare, intra-abdominal cause of dyspnea.

  7. Diagnosis and treatment of atypical presentations of hiatal hernia following bariatric surgery.

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    Flanagin, Brody A; Mitchell, Myrosia T; Thistlethwaite, William A; Alverdy, John C

    2010-03-01

    Bariatric surgery dramatically alters the normal stomach anatomy resulting in a significant incidence of hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Although the majority of patients remain asymptomatic, many complain of severe heartburn refractory to medical management and additional highly atypical symptoms. Here, we describe the diagnosis and treatment regarding four cases of symptomatic hiatal hernia following bariatric surgery presenting with atypical symptoms in the University Hospital, USA. Four patients presented following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or duodenal switch/pancreaticobiliary bypass (DS) with disabling and intractable midepigastric abdominal pain characterized as severe and radiating to the jaw, left shoulder, and midscapular area. The pain in all cases was described as paroxysmal and not necessarily associated with eating. All four patients also experienced nausea, vomiting, and failure to thrive at various intervals following laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Routine workup failed to produce any clear mechanical cause of these symptoms. However, complimentary use of multidetector CT and upper gastrointestinal contrast studies eventually revealed the diagnosis of hiatal hernia. Exploration identified the presence of a type I hiatal hernia in all four patients, with the stomach staple lines densely adherent to the diaphragm and parietal peritoneum. Operative intervention led to immediate and complete resolution of symptoms. The presence of a hiatal hernia following bariatric surgery can present with highly atypical symptoms that do not resolve without operative intervention. Recognition of this problem should lead to the consideration of surgery in cases where patients are dependent on artificial nutritional support and whose symptoms are poorly controlled with medication alone.

  8. Severe Hiatal Hernia as a Cause of Failure to Thrive Discovered by Transthoracic Echocardiogram

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    Clint J. Moore

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A newborn infant with failure to thrive presented for murmur evaluation on day of life three due to a harsh 3/6 murmur. During the evaluation, a retrocardiac fluid filled mass was seen by transthoracic echocardiogram. The infant was also found to have a ventricular septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. Eventually, a large hiatal hernia was diagnosed on subsequent imaging. The infant ultimately underwent surgical repair of the hiatal hernia at a tertiary care facility. Hiatal hernias have been noted as incidental extracardiac findings in adults, but no previous literature has documented hiatal hernias as incidental findings in the pediatric population.

  9. LAPAROSCOPIC GASTROPEXY FOR CORRECTION OF A HIATAL HERNIA IN A NORTHERN ELEPHANT SEAL (MIROUNGA ANGUSTIROSTRIS).

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    Greene, Rebecca; Van Bonn, William G; Dennison, Sophie E; Greig, Denise J; Gulland, Frances M D

    2015-06-01

    A female northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) weaned pup presented with malnutrition. During rehabilitation, the seal developed regurgitation and reduced lung sounds on auscultation. Radiographs and endoscopy performed under sedation suggested a diaphragmatic hernia. A Type I (or sliding) hiatal hernia was confirmed with a positive contrast upper gastrointestinal study, revealing varying degrees of herniation of the gastric fundus through the diaphragm into the caudal thorax as well as esophageal reflux. The animal was treated preoperatively with an H2 antagonist and antinausea medication. A laparoscopic gastropexy was performed under general anesthesia. The animal recovered well postoperatively and resolution of clinical signs was achieved. The animal was released back into the wild 21 kg above admit weight. To our knowledge, we report here the first surgical correction of a hiatal hernia in a marine mammal.

  10. Intragastric manometric measurements of patients with hiatal hernia: A prospective

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    Kemal Peker

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hiatal hernia is a disorder in which abdominal contents, especially gastroesophageal junction and proximal stomach are displaced through an incompetent esophageal hiatus into mediastinum. Aim of this study is to investigate the relationship betweeen intragastric pressure and incompetent cardioesophageal sphincter and hiatal hernia. Methods: The sample is composed of 81 individuals; 51.9% of which are male (n: 42 and 48.1% of which are female (n: 39 with median age of 42.00. Two groups have been constituted: A control group of healthy volunteers (G1 and a patient group with hiatal hernia (G2. After gastroscopy, all patients and controls underwent gastric and esophageal manometry using a water perfused catheter Results: Mean intragastric pressure was 1,308 mmHg for G1 and, -0,105 mmHg for G2. Mean lower esophageal pressure were 13,143 mmHg and 11,65 mmHg, and upper esophageal pressure were 35,273 mmHg and 27,211 mmHg for G1 and G2, respectively. 24 hour pH metry test revealed 26.8% physiologic gastroesophageal reflux and 73.2% pathologic gastroesophageal reflux in G2. There were statistically significant difference between two groups for mean intragastric pressure (p <0.001 and mean lower esophageal pressure (p <0.05. Conclusion: This study shows that hiatal hernia results in significantly lower intragastric pressures. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (1: 1-6

  11. Initial outcomes of laparoscopic paraesophageal hiatal hernia repair with mesh.

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    Gebhart, Alana; Vu, Steven; Armstrong, Chris; Smith, Brian R; Nguyen, Ninh T

    2013-10-01

    The use of mesh in laparoscopic paraesophageal hiatal hernia repair (LHR) may reduce the risk of late hernia recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate initial outcomes and recurrence rate of 92 patients who underwent LHR reinforced with a synthetic bioabsorbable mesh. Surgical approaches included LHR and Nissen fundoplication (n = 64), LHR without fundoplication (n = 10), reoperative LHR (n = 9), LHR with a bariatric operation (n = 6), and emergent LHR (n = 3). The mean length of hospital stay was 2 ± 3 days (range, 1 to 30 days). There were no conversions to open laparotomy and no intraoperative complications. One of 92 patients (1.1%) required intensive care unit stay. The 90-day mortality was zero. Minor complications occurred in 3.3 per cent, major complications in 2.2 per cent, and late complications in 5.5 per cent of patients. There were no perforations or early hernia recurrence. The 30-day reoperation rate was 1.1 per cent. For patients with available 1-year follow-up, the overall recurrence rate was 18.5 per cent with a mean follow-up of 30 months (range, 12 to 51 months). LHR repair with mesh is associated with low perioperative morbidity and no mortality. The use of bioabsorbable mesh appears to be safe with no early hiatal hernia recurrence or late mesh erosion. Longer follow-up is needed to determine the long-term rate of hernia recurrence associated with LHR with mesh.

  12. Treatment of giant hiatal hernia by laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.E. Duinhouwer (Lucia); L.U. Biter (L. Ulas); B.P.L. Wijnhoven (Bas); G.H.H. Mannaerts (Guido)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction Obesity is a risk factor for hiatal hernia. In addition, much higher recurrence rates are reported after standard surgical treatment of hiatal hernia in morbidly obese patients. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an effective surgical treatment for morbid obesi

  13. Gastric dilatation and volvulus in a brachycephalic dog with hiatal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslanian, M E; Sharp, C R; Garneau, M S

    2014-10-01

    A brachycephalic dog was presented with an acute onset of retching and abdominal discomfort. The dog had a chronic history of stertor and exercise intolerance suggestive of brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome. Radiographs were consistent with a Type II hiatal hernia. The dog was referred and within hours of admission became acutely painful and developed tympanic abdominal distension. A right lateral abdominal radiograph confirmed gastric dilatation and volvulus with herniation of the pylorus through the hiatus. An emergency exploratory coeliotomy was performed, during which the stomach was derotated, and an incisional gastropexy, herniorrhaphy and splenectomy were performed. A staphylectomy was performed immediately following the exploratory coeliotomy. The dog recovered uneventfully. Gastric dilatation and volvulus is a potentially life-threatening complication that can occur in dogs with Type II hiatal hernia and should be considered a surgical emergency.

  14. Hiatal and paraesophageal hernia repair in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvey, Erin M; Ostlie, Daniel J

    2017-04-01

    Hiatal and paraesophageal hernia (HH/PEH) can be congenital, resulting from embryologic abnormalities/genetic predisposition, or acquired, most commonly after gastroesophageal surgery such as fundoplication. Minimizing circumferential esophageal dissection at the time of Nissen fundoplication has been shown to decrease the risk of acquired HH/PEH from 36.5% to 12.2%. Gastrointestinal, respiratory, and constitutional symptoms, including anemia and failure to thrive, are common with high rates of associated gastroesophageal reflux. Chest x-ray is often abnormal and upper GI confirms the diagnosis. Treatment is surgical with the goal of reducing the hernia contents, excising the hernia sac, closing the crura, and performing an antireflux procedure. The laparoscopic approach is safe and effective. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Umbilical hernia with cholelithiasis and hiatal hernia: a clinical entity similar to Saint's triad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamanaka, Takahiro; Miyazaki, Tatsuya; Kumakura, Yuji; Honjo, Hiroaki; Hara, Keigo; Yokobori, Takehiko; Sakai, Makoto; Sohda, Makoto; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    We experienced two cases involving the simultaneous presence of cholelithiasis, hiatal hernia, and umbilical hernia. Both patients were female and overweight (body mass index of 25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)) and had a history of pregnancy and surgical treatment of cholelithiasis. Additionally, both patients had two of the three conditions of Saint's triad. Based on analysis of the pathogenesis of these two cases, we consider that these four diseases (Saint's triad and umbilical hernia) are associated with one another. Obesity is a common risk factor for both umbilical hernia and Saint's triad. Female sex, older age, and a history of pregnancy are common risk factors for umbilical hernia and two of the three conditions of Saint's triad. Thus, umbilical hernia may readily develop with Saint's triad. Knowledge of this coincidence is important in the clinical setting. The concomitant occurrence of Saint's triad and umbilical hernia may be another clinical "tetralogy."

  16. Is there a common basis between hiatal hernia and hemorrhoidal disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahiner, Zeynep; Uzel, Mehmet; Filik, Levent

    2015-05-01

    In this letter-to-editor, we hypothesize that there is a link between hemorrhoidal disease and hiatal hernia. We underline common risk factors for both and present a cross-sectional patient data. Therefore, we emphasize the necessity of new studies to clarify this coincidence. Clinical benefit of establishment of this link is to delay or prevent development of hiatal hernia as a result of appropriate preventive measures. Accordingly, postoperative period of hiatal hernia operations may also be relieved or recurrence risk may also be decreased with this precautions.

  17. Complete Esophageal Obstruction after Endoscopic Variceal Band Ligation in a Patient with a Sliding Hiatal Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Munthir; Abdel-Aziz, Yousef; Awadh, Hesham; Shah, Nihar

    2017-01-01

    Complete esophageal obstruction is a rare complication of endoscopic variceal banding, with only 6 cases in the English literature since the introduction of endoscopic variceal banding in 1986. We report a case of complete esophageal obstruction following esophageal banding due to entrapment of part of a sliding hiatal hernia. To our knowledge, our case is one of few with esophageal obstruction post-banding, and the first associated with a hiatal hernia. We recommend caution when performing esophageal banding on patients with a hiatal hernia.

  18. Biomechanical analyses of prosthetic mesh repair in a hiatal hernia model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizai, Patrick Hamid; Schmid, Sofie; Otto, Jens; Klink, Christian Daniel; Roeth, Anjali; Nolting, Jochen; Neumann, Ulf Peter; Klinge, Uwe

    2014-10-01

    Recurrence rate of hiatal hernia can be reduced with prosthetic mesh repair; however, type and shape of the mesh are still a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical properties of four conventional meshes: pure polypropylene mesh (PP-P), polypropylene/poliglecaprone mesh (PP-U), polyvinylidenefluoride/polypropylene mesh (PVDF-I), and pure polyvinylidenefluoride mesh (PVDF-S). Meshes were tested either in warp direction (parallel to production direction) or perpendicular to the warp direction. A Zwick testing machine was used to measure elasticity and effective porosity of the textile probes. Stretching of the meshes in warp direction required forces that were up to 85-fold higher than the same elongation in perpendicular direction. Stretch stress led to loss of effective porosity in most meshes, except for PVDF-S. Biomechanical impact of the mesh was additionally evaluated in a hiatal hernia model. The different meshes were used either as rectangular patches or as circular meshes. Circular meshes led to a significant reinforcement of the hiatus, largely unaffected by the orientation of the warp fibers. In contrast, rectangular meshes provided a significant reinforcement only when warp fibers ran perpendicular to the crura. Anisotropic elasticity of prosthetic meshes should therefore be considered in hiatal closure with rectangular patches.

  19. Incidental Hiatal Hernia Detected with Meckel's Scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aksoy, Tamer [Afyon Kocatepe Univ. Medical Faculty, Afyon (Turkmenistan); Kiratli, Pinar Ozgen [Hacettepe Univ. Medical Faculty, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2011-03-15

    Congenital hiatal hernia (CHH) in children is a very rare condition that occurs in about 1 in every 2,000 to 5,000 live births, with a male to female ratio of 2:3. In 97% of cases the anomaly is unilateral with a left side preponderance. The hernia content can include the stomach, bowel loops, spleen or part of the liver. CHH may remain asymptomatic or induce only nonspecific gastro intestinal and/or thoracic symptoms. The symptomatology og these patients is usually non specific, in the form of repeated attacks of chest infection and/or recurrent vomiting, but can be associated with serious complications such as intrathoracic gastric volvulus with incarceration and strangulation. Because of the gastroesophageal reflux, linear ulcerations on the esophageal mucosa might occur and cause intermittent bleeding. Plan chest radiographs, AP and lateral, may raise a suspicion of the condition, while upper gastrointestinal contrast series are diagnostic. The treatment is surgery consisting of excision of the hernial sac after reducing the stomach and repair of the diaphragmatic defect by tightening the crura of the esophageal hiatus. If the defect is large and associated with displacement of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) into the thorax, adding an anti reflux procedure to the repair is appropriate. This can be achieved transabdominally either by laparotomy or laparoscopically. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case diagnosed with Meckel's scintigraphy.

  20. [Impaired lung function and anemia from large hiatal hernia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppa, Marianna; Colzi, Marina; Magnanelli, Elisa; Migliozzi, Elisa; Negri, Silvia; Millarelli, Federica; Coppola, Alessandro

    2013-05-01

    We present the clinical case of a 54 years old man who accessed for dyspnea and severe anemia. After being transfused, he underwent to gastroscopy, which showed an erosive gastritis with large hiatal hernia. The hernia was surgically reduced with laparoscopic hiatoplastic and Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication. In conclusion, dyspnea is not merely a medical competence but also a surgical one.

  1. Esophageal hiatal hernia in three exotic felines--Lynx lynx, Puma concolore, Panthera leo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hettlich, Bianca F; Hobson, H Phil; Ducoté, Julie; Fossum, Theresa W; Johnson, James H

    2010-03-01

    Hiatal hernia was diagnosed in three exotic felines-lynx (Lynx lynx), cougar (Puma concolore), and lion (Panthera leo). All cats had a history of anorexia. Thoracic and abdominal radiographs showed evidence of a soft tissue mass within the caudal mediastinum suggestive of a hiatal hernia in all animals. A barium esophagram was performed in one case. All animals underwent thoracic or abdominal surgery for hernia reduction. Surgical procedures included: intercostal thoracotomy with herniorrhaphy and esophagopexy (lynx and cougar), and incisional gastropexy (lion). Concurrent surgical procedures performed were gastrotomy for gastric foreign body removal and jejunostomy tube placement. Clinical signs related to the hiatal hernia disappeared after surgery and recurrence of signs was not reported for the time of follow-up.

  2. Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia with mesenterioaxial volvulus of the stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inaba, Kazuki; Sakurai, Yoichi; Isogaki, Jun; Komori, Yoshiyuki; Uyama, Ichiro

    2011-04-21

    Although mesenterioaxial gastric volvulus is an uncommon entity characterized by rotation at the transverse axis of the stomach, laparoscopic repair procedures have still been controversial. We reported a case of mesenterioaxial intrathoracic gastric volvulus, which was successfully treated with laparoscopic repair of the diaphragmatic hiatal defect using a polytetrafluoroethylene mesh associated with Toupet fundoplication. A 70-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of upper abdominal pain. An upper gastrointestinal series revealed an incarcerated intrathoracic mesenterioaxial volvulus of the distal portion of the stomach and the duodenum. The complete laparoscopic approach was used to repair the volvulus. The laparoscopic procedures involved the repair of the hiatal hernia using polytetrafluoroethylene mesh and Toupet fundoplication. This case highlights the feasibility and effectiveness of the laparoscopic procedure, and laparoscopic repair of the hiatal defect using a polytetrafluoroethylene mesh associated with Toupet fundoplication may be useful for preventing postoperative recurrence of hiatal hernia, volvulus, and gastroesophageal reflux.

  3. A Case of Ultrasound Diagnosis of Fetal Hiatal Hernia in Late Third Trimester of Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Di Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital hiatal hernia is a condition characterized by herniation of the abdominal organs, most commonly the stomach, through a physiological but overlax esophageal hiatus into the thoracic cavity. Prenatal diagnosis of this anomaly is unusual and only eight cases have been reported in the literature. In this paper we describe a case of congenital hiatal hernia that was suspected at ultrasound at 39 weeks’ gestation, on the basis of a cystic mass in the posterior mediastinum, juxtaposed to the vertebral body. Postnatal upper gastrointestinal tract series confirmed the prenatal diagnosis. Postnatal management was planned with no urgency. Hiatal hernia is not commonly considered in the differential diagnosis of fetal cystic chest anomalies. This rare case documents the importance of prenatal diagnosis of this anomaly for prenatal counseling and postnatal management.

  4. Hiatal hernia following total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, S; Yamazaki, M; Kosugi, C; Hirano, A; Yoshimura, Y; Shiragami, R; Suzuki, M; Shuto, K; Koda, K

    2014-01-01

    Hiatal hernias after total gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer are very rare. We review a case of a 44-year-old male who presented with dyspnea and chest pain 2 days after total gastrectomy, lower esophagectomy, and splenectomy with retrocolic Roux-en-Y reconstruction approached by a left thoracoabdominal incision for gastric cancer at the cardia. Plain and cross-sectional imaging identified a large hiatal hernia protruding into the right thorax containing left-sided transverse colon and small intestine. Our patient underwent a laparotomy, and after hernia reduction the hiatal defect was repaired by direct suturing. He experienced anastomotic leakage and right pyothorax, but recovered. The potential cause is discussed here and the published literature on this rare complication is reviewed briefly.

  5. Right intrathoracic stomach secondary to congenital hiatal hernia with organoaxial torsion: a report of two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Mee Eun; Pyun, Hae Wook; Kim, Mi Ran; Kim, Hee Jin; Kim, Byoung Young; Lee, Jong Gil [Fatima Hospital, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-07-01

    Right intrathoracic stomach associated with organoaxial torsion is a rare form of congenital hiatal hernia. We report the radiologic findings in two cases of complete or partial right intrathoracic stomach secondary to congenital hiatal hernia. The barium meal test demonstrated the presence of complete or partial right intrathoracic stomach and non-obstructive organoaxial torsion with the greater curvature lying against the right chest wall. The esophagogastric junction was located above the diaphragm. CT revealed a cystic mass in the right posterior mediastinum. This cystic lesion should be differentiated from other congenital mediastinal cysts.

  6. Totally laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cancer accompanied by huge hiatal hernia: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagiwara, Chie; Yajima, Kazuhito; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki; Oohinata, Ryouki; Yuu, Ken; Ishiyama, Satoshi; Amaki, Misato; Nakano, Daisuke; Yamaguchi, Tatsuro; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Keiichi

    2016-02-01

    We herein present a case in which we used a totally laparoscopic approach for early gastric cancer accompanied by a huge hiatal hernia. An 80-year-old Japanese woman was referred with a chief complaint of dysphagia. A clinical diagnosis of early gastric cancer, T1b (SM) N0M0, stage IA, accompanied by hiatal hernia, was made. Distal gastrectomy with D1 plus lymphadenectomy was carried out. After the gastrectomy, the hernial sac was excised and the hernial orifice was closed. Reconstruction using the Roux-en-Y method was selected. The postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on postoperative day 10.

  7. Acute chest pain in a patient with a non-strangulated hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alexander John Scumpia; Megan Elizabeth Dekok; Daniel Michael Aronovich; Gurpaul Bajwa; Randy Barros; Randy Katz; Jordan Ditchek

    2015-01-01

    Acute chest pain resulting in spontaneous idiopathic hemomediastinum is a rare, potentially life-threatening occurrence. Acute chest pain is a common chief complaint of patients, accounting for 2.4%-6% of adult emergency room visits. The clinician’s differential diagnoses for acute chest pain rarely include complications of hiatal hernias. An 83-year-old male presented with acute chest pain and was emergently diagnosed with hemomediastinum secondary to spontaneous gastric mesenteric vessel rupture due to a non-strangulated hiatal hernia after physical exertion.

  8. Relationship of a hiatal hernia to the function of the body of the esophagus and the gastroesophageal junction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeMeester, T.R.; Lafontaine, E.; Joelsson, B.E.; Skinner, D.B.; Ryan, J.W.; O' Sullivan, G.C.; Brunsden, B.S.; Johnson, L.F.

    1981-10-01

    One hundred two patients referred to our Esophageal Function Laboratory without endoscopic evidence of esophagitis were divided into two groups on the basis of the presence of a hiatal hernia on endoscopic examination. Fifty-three patients had a hiatal hernia and 49 did not. Both groups and 30 normal volunteer subjects had esophageal manometry and 24 hour esophageal pH monitoring. The incompetency of the cardia in patients with a hiatal hernia was dependent upon loss of components responsible for the antireflux mechanism, mainly a decrease in distal esophageal sphincter pressure and a decrease in the length of the sphincter exposed to the positive-pressure environment of the abdomen. These deficiencies were not related to the presence of a hiatal hernia and were similar to those of patients with an incompetent cardia without a hiatal hernia. Patients with a hiatal hernia and an incompetent cardia had significantly more esophageal exposure to refluxed acid than without a hiatal hernia. On the basis of the number of reflux episodes that lasted 5 minutes or longer and radioisotope transit studies, this increased acid exposure was due to both a loss of competency of the cardia and poor esophageal clearance secondary to the presence of a hiatal hernia. Reduction of the hernia and anchoring the distal esophagus into the abdomen not only may improve the antireflux mechanism, but corrects the clearance abnormality as well. The presence of a hiatal hernia has a detrimental effect on the clearance function of the body of the esophagus and may aggravate the effects of gastroesophageal reflux due to an incompetent cardia.

  9. Gastroesophageal flap valve status distinguishes clinical phenotypes of large hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haruka; Kaneyama; Mitsuru; Kaise; Hiroshi; Arakawa; Yoshinori; Arai; Keisuke; Kanazawa; Hisao; Tajiri

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To investigate two distinct clinical phenotypes of reflux esophagitis and intra-hernial ulcer (Cameron lesions) in patients with large hiatal hernias. METHODS: A case series study was performed with 16 831 patients who underwent diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy for 2 years at an academic referral center. A hiatus diameter ≥ 4 cm was defined as a large hernia. A sharp fold that surrounded the cardia was designated as an intact gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV), and a loose fold or disappearance of...

  10. Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair : Promising Anatomical and Functional Results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brenkman, Hylke J F; Parry, Kevin; Van Hillegersberg, Richard; Ruurda, Jelle P.

    2016-01-01

    Background: There is no consensus on the optimal technique for hiatal hernia (HH) repair, and considerable recurrence rates are reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes, quality of life (QoL), and recurrence rate in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic HH

  11. Treatment of giant hiatal hernia by laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia E. Duinhouwer

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Concomitant giant hiatal hernia repair with LRYGB appears to be safe and feasible. Moreover, LRYGB plus HHR appears to be a good alternative for HH patients suffering from morbid obesity as well than antireflux surgery alone because of the additional benefit of significant weight loss and improvement of obesity related co-morbidity.

  12. Incarceration of a large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma arising from the proximal stomach with an organoaxial gastric volvulus through an esophageal hiatal hernia: report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iso, Yukihiro; Tagaya, Nobumi; Nemoto, Takehiko; Kita, Junji; Sawada, Tokihiko; Kubota, Keiichi

    2009-01-01

    An 86-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital to undergo an examination for tarry stools. Laboratory tests showed hypoproteinemia and renal dysfunction. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy demonstrated a type 5 tumor located in the upper body of the stomach. An upper gastrointestinal series and computed tomography revealed an organoaxial gastric volvulus and the dislocation of the proximal stomach through an esophageal hiatal hernia. The preoperative diagnosis was the incarceration of a gastric carcinoma arising from the proximal stomach with an organoaxial gastric volvulus through an esophageal hiatal hernia. A total gastrectomy and hernia repair were performed. A microscopic examination of the surgical specimen revealed a gastric large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (GLCNEC). The patient was discharged 22 days after the surgery. Although the prognosis of GLCNEC is significantly worse than that of a conventional adenocarcinoma, the patient was doing well without recurrence at 15 months after surgery. The details of this case are reported with some bibliographical comments.

  13. Successful laparoscopic management of paraesophageal hiatal hernia with upside-down intrathoracic stomach: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siow, Sze Li; Tee, Sze Chee; Wong, Chee Ming

    2015-03-04

    Paraesophageal hernia with intrathoracic mesentericoaxial type of gastric volvulus is a rare clinical entity. The rotation occurs because of the idiopathic relaxation of the gastric ligaments and ascent of the stomach adjacent to the oesophagus through the hiatus defect, while the gastroesophageal junction remains in the abdomen. The open approach remains the gold standard therapy for most patients. Here we report the case of a patient with such a condition who underwent a successful laparoscopic surgery. A literature search revealed that this is the first case report from Southeast Asia. A 55-year-old Chinese woman presented to us with symptoms suggestive of gastric outlet obstruction for one year. A chest radiograph showed an air bubble with air-fluid level in her left thoracic cavity, where a diaphragmatic hernia was initially suspected. A computed tomography scan and barium swallow study demonstrated the presence of a type III paraesophageal hernia with intrathoracic upside-down stomach. A laparoscopy was performed and the herniated stomach was successfully reduced into the abdomen. The mediastinal part of the hernial sac was excised. Adequate intraabdominal length of oesophagus was achieved after resection of the sac and circumferential oesophageal dissection. A lateral releasing incision was made adjacent to the right crus to facilitate crural closure. The diaphragmatic defect and the hiatal closure were covered with a composite mesh. A Toupet fundoplication was performed to recreate the antireflux valve. She had an uneventful recovery. She had no relapse of previous symptoms at her six-month follow-up assessment. Laparoscopic repair of such a condition can be accomplished successfully and safely when it is performed with meticulous attention to the details of the surgical technique.

  14. Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia with mesenterioaxial volvulus of the stomach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kazuki Inaba; Yoichi Sakurai; Jun Isogaki; Yoshiyuki Komori; Ichiro Uyama

    2011-01-01

    Although mesenterioaxial gastric volvulus is an uncom-mon entity characterized by rotation at the transverse axis of the stomach, laparoscopic repair procedures have still been controversial. We reported a case of mesente-rioaxial intrathoracic gastric volvulus, which was success-fully treated with laparoscopic repair of the diaphrag-matic hiatal defect using a polytetrafluoroethylene mesh associated with Toupet fundoplication. A 70-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of upper abdominal pain. An upper gas-trointestinal series revealed an incarcerated intrathoracic mesenterioaxial volvulus of the distal portion of the stomach and the duodenum. The complete laparoscopic approach was used to repair the volvulus. The laparo-scopic procedures involved the repair of the hiatal hernia using polytetrafluoroethylene mesh and Toupet fundopli-cation. This case highlights the feasibility and effective-ness of the laparoscopic procedure, and laparoscopic repair of the hiatal defect using a polytetrafluoroethylene mesh associated with Toupet fundoplication may be use-ful for preventing postoperative recurrence of hiatal her-nia, volvulus, and gastroesophageal reflux.

  15. Incidence of hiatal hernia in service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Francis L; Taubman, Stephen B

    2016-08-01

    From 2005 through 2014, a total of 27,276 active component service members had incident diagnoses of hiatal hernia documented in their medical records. The overall incidence rate was 19.7 cases per 10,000 person-years (p-yrs); annual incidence rates ranged from 16.5 to 22.2 cases per 10,000 p-yrs. Rates overall increased monotonically with increasing age and were higher among Air Force and Army members, officers, and healthcare workers than their respective counterparts. During the surveillance period, the 27,276 service members who had incident diagnoses of hiatal hernia accounted for 44,092 hiatal hernia-related encounters overall (1.6 encounters per case). Among all incident cases, 235 (0.86%) had surgical repairs documented during the period. The frequency of surgical treatment of hiatal hernias among military members mirrored the low frequency in U.S. civilian practice. During 2010-2014, most surgical procedures (79%) were accomplished via laparoscopic approaches. The incidence rates of hiatal hernia diagnoses reported here likely greatly underestimate the true incidence in U.S. military populations. Reasons for the underestimates and comparisons with other populations are discussed.

  16. Short-term results for laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hiatal hernias with Gore Bio A® mesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priego Jiménez, Pablo; Salvador Sanchís, José Luis; Angel, Vicente; Escrig-Sos, Javier

    2014-01-01

    The application of mesh-reinforced hiatal closure has resulted in a significant reduction in recurrence rates in comparison with primary suture repair. One of the most debated issues is the risk of complications related to the use of the prosthesis, such as esophageal erosion and postoperative dysphagia. The aim of this study is to present our short-terms results in the treatment of laparoscopic paraesophageal hiatal hernia (LPHH) with a synthetic polyglycolic acid:trimethylene carbonate mesh (Gore Bio A(®)). From January 2011 to December 2012, 10 patients with large paraesophageal hiatal hernias and hiatal defect over 5 cm were included. Primary simple suture of the crura and additional reinforcement with a Gore Bio A(®) mesh was performed. Hiatal hernia or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms recurrence, dysphagia and mesh-related complications were investigated. Of the 10 patients undergoing mesh repair, there were 7 women and 3 men with a mean age of 65.5 years. All operations were completed laparoscopically. Median postoperative stay was 3 days. After a median follow-up of 20.3 months, one patient developed a recurrent hiatal hernia (10%). There were no mesh-related complications. The use of Gore Bio A(®) mesh for the laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hiatal hernias is safe and with a reasonably low recurrence rate in this short-term study. Additional long-term studies with ample numbers carried out for years will be necessary to see if this synthetic mesh is not only safe but also successful in the prevention of recurrences. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Functional results after repair of large hiatal hernia by use of a biologic mesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filimon eAntonakis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this observational study is to analyze the results of patients with large hiatal hernia and upside-down stomach after surgical closure with a biologic mesh (Permacol®, Covidien, Neustadt an der Donau, Germany. Biologic mesh is used to prevent long-term detrimental effects of artificial meshes and to reduce recurrence rates. Methods: A total of 13 patients with a large hiatal hernia and endothoracic stomach, who underwent surgery between 2010 and 2014, were included. Interviews and upper endoscopy were conducted to determine recurrence, lifestyle restrictions and current complaints. Results: After a mean follow-up of 26+18 months (range 3-58 months 10 patients (three men, mean age 73+13, range 26-81 years were evaluated. A small recurrent axial hernia was found in one patient postoperatively. Dysphagia was the most common complaint (four cases, while in one case the problem was solved after endoscopic dilatation. In three cases bloat and postprandial pain were documented. In one case explantation of the mesh was necessary due to mesh migration and painful adhesions. In one further case with gastroparesis pyloroplasty was performed without success.Conclusion: Recurrence was rare after hernia repair with the biologic mesh Permacol®. Dysphagia, gas bloat and intraabdominal pain were frequent complaints. Despite the small number of patients it can be concluded that a biologic mesh may be an alternative to synthetic meshes to reduce recurrences. Long-term results should be studied in the future in order to assess the potential of biologic meshes to preserve esophageal function as well. This is important since artificial meshes are known to erode the esophagus after 5–10 years.

  18. Evaluation of gastrectomy in patients with delayed gastric emptying after antireflux surgery or large hiatal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritsen, A.; Furnee, E.J.B.; Gooszen, H.G.; Wondergem, M.; Hazebroek, E.J.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Revision antireflux surgery and large hiatal hernia repair require extensive dissection at the gastroesophageal junction. This may lead to troublesome symptoms due to delayed gastric emptying, eventually requiring gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of gastrect

  19. Effect of perfusion of bile salts solutions into the oesophagus of hiatal hernia patients and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachir, G S; Collis, J L

    1976-01-01

    Tests of the response to perfusion of the oesophagus were made in 54 patients divided into three groups. Group I consisted of patients with symptomatic hiatal hernia, group II hiatal hernia patients with peptic stricture, and group III normal individuals. Each individual oesophagus was perfused at a rate of 45-65 drops per minute over 25 minutes with six solutions: normal saline, N/10 HCl, taurine conjugates of bile salts in normal saline, taurine conjugates of bile salts in N/10 HCl, glycine conjugates of bile salts in normal saline, and taurine and glycine conjugates in a ratio of 1 to 2 in normal saline. It was found that acidified taurine solutions were more irritating than acid alone. With a 2mM/l solution of taurine in acid, symptoms are produced even in controls. With a 1 mM/l solution of the same conjugates, the majority of normal people feel slight heartburn or nothing, and therefore perfusion into the oesophagus of such a solution could be used as a test for oesophagitis. PMID:941112

  20. Hiatal hernia causing extrapericardial tamponade after coronary bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoulidis, Pavlos; Beatty, Jasmine Winter; Dandekar, Uday

    2014-10-01

    Cardiac tamponade is defined as compression of the heart due to accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, leading to raised pericardial pressures with haemodynamic compromise. We describe the case of a 76-year old female patient who underwent a routine off-pump coronary artery bypass graft operation and within 48 h developed classic signs of cardiac tamponade. The perioperative echocardiogram and operative findings at re-exploration revealed no clots or fluid collection. A giant hiatus hernia was found to be responsible for the tamponade through extrinsic compression. After insertion of a nasogastric tube and decompression of the stomach, there was a rapid improvement of the clinical picture. The remaining postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged 5 days later, with referral to the general surgeon for further management. We conclude that, in cases of tamponade post-cardiac surgery, extrapericardial pathologies should be considered.

  1. Intrathoracic gastric perforation: a late complication of an unknown postpartum recurrent hiatal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lococo, Filippo; Cesario, Alfredo; Meacci, Elisa; Granone, Pierluigi

    2012-08-01

    Diaphragmatic hernias occurring during pregnancy are an uncommon event. In very rare occasions, the clinical situation can suddenly worsen due to obstruction, torsion or infarction of the herniated viscera. Here, we describe a challenging case of a post-partum diaphragmatic hiatus hernia complicated by intrathoracic gastric perforation. A 23-year old woman was admitted at our hospital with a syndrome characterized by epigastralgy, dyspnoea and fever. She had previously undergone a laparoscopic antireflux surgery for hiatus hernia (6 years before) and a recent (4 months) unremarkable vaginal delivery. Due to the persistence of a pelvic pain after the delivery, she had been taking pain-killers as a self-administered medication. A CT scan showed a massive left pleural effusion and a complete herniation of the stomach into the left hemithorax. After placing a chest drainage and removing up to 3000 ml of brownish purulent fluid, a repeat CT scan (with water soluble contrast swallow) showed a leak at the level of the stomach. At surgery, we observed a complete intrathoracic herniation through a large diaphragmatic hiatal defect and a small well-defined gastric ulcer. A primary repair of both the stomach and the diaphragm was performed. We take the opportunity presented by this report to briefly discuss the patho-physiological mechanisms underlying this unusual complication.

  2. Denture mis-swallowing in the sliding esophageal hiatal hernia mimics esophageal perforation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao-Yang; Lee, Shih-Chun; Chen, Chun-Wen; Chen, Jen-Chih

    2008-08-01

    Mis-swallowing of a foreign body in the esophagus coexisting with sliding hernia might be misdiagnosed as esophageal perforation with mediastinal abscess. We report an 89-year-old woman, bedridden for a long period in a nursing home after a previous cerebrovascular accident, who was sent to our emergency department in a state of sepsis because she had swallowed a radio-opaque partial denture. The retention of the denture as an esophageal foreign body was complicated with mediastinitis and bilateral pleural effusion. The inability of the patient to give a reliable clinical history delayed the diagnosis. This report highlights the difficulty in precisely locating a partial denture because of conflicting radiologic findings and the coexistence of esophageal sliding hernia, all of which led to a misdiagnosis of possible esophageal perforation. A right posterolateral thoracotomy with gastrostomy was performed to remove the lower esophageal foreign body after esophagoscopy failed. The surgical finding of a coincidental sliding esophageal hiatal hernia correlated well with the clinical presentation. Managing such a complicated esophageal foreign body in this elderly patient was challenging.

  3. Large hiatal hernia at chest radiography in a woman with cardiorespiratory symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Daniele; Parrinello, Gaspare; Cardillo, Mauro; Pomilla, Marina; Trapanese, Caterina; Michele, Bellanca; Lupo, Umberto; Schimmenti, Caterina; Cuttitta, Francesco; Pietrantoni, Rossella; Vogiatzis, Danai; Licata, Giuseppe

    2012-11-01

    Hiatal hernia (HH) is a frequent entity. Rarely, it may exert a wide spectrum of clinical presentations mimicking acute cardiovascular events such as angina-like chest pain until manifestations of cardiac compression that can include postprandial syncope, exercise intolerance, respiratory function, recurrent acute heart failure, and hemodynamic collapse. A 69-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of fatigue on exertion, cough, and episodes of restrosternal pain with less than 1 hour of duration. Her medical history only included some episodes of bronchitis and no history of hypertension. The 12-lead electrocardiogram demonstrated sinus rhythm with right bundle-branch block. Laboratory tests, including cardiac troponin I, were within normal reference values. Chest radiography showed no significant pulmonary alterations and revealed in mediastinum a huge abnormal shadow overlapping the right heart compatible with a gastric bubble.The gastroscopy confirmed a large HH. A 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiogram, using all standard and modified apical and parasternal views, revealed an echolucent mass, compatible with HH, compressing the right atrium. Also, it showed an altered left ventricular relaxation and a mild increase of pulmonary artery pressure (35 mm Hg). Spirometry showed a mild obstruction of the small airways, whereas coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. We concluded that the patient's symptomatology was related to the compressive effects of the large hiatal ernia, a neglected cause of cardiorespiratory symptoms. The surgical repair of HH was indicated.

  4. 食管裂孔疝外科诊治17例体会%Clinical experience of hiatal hernia:17 cases report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 胡良硕; 张广健; 吴齐飞; 李硕; 李海军; 贺海奇; 陈南征; 付军科

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the surgical diagnosis and treatment of hiatal hernia with clinical retrospective study. Methods To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of the patients with hiatal hernia who received surgical operation in The 1st Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from March 2009 to January 2015. Results 17 patients(9 males and 8 females) were included in this study. The ages ranged from 15 to 78 years old. The categorizations were 2 with typeⅠhiatal hernia,1 with typeⅡ,10 with typeⅢ and 4 with type Ⅳ. 3 patients underwent transthoracic Belsey Mark Ⅳ repair, 1 underwent transabdominal repair,7 underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair,5 underwent laparoscopic repair plus Nissen fundoplication and 1 underwent laparoscopic repair plus Dor fundoplication. Gastric distension were found in 2 patients. 5 patients had dysphagia,2 patients had postoperative distension of the abdomen and 1 patient had pyothorax in the 20th day after the surgery. No recurrence of the hiatal hernia was found with the follow-up. Conclusion Hiatal hernia repair is a functional operation. Laparoscopic repair operation had advantage of minimally invasive,shortened operative time and postoperative hospital stay time.%目的:探讨食管裂孔疝的外科治疗方法及疗效。方法回顾性分析2009年3月至2015年1月西安交通大学第一附属医院手术治疗的食管裂孔疝患者的临床资料。结果共收治17例食管裂孔疝患者,其中男9例,女8例,年龄15~78岁。Ⅰ型2例,Ⅱ型1例,Ⅲ型10例,Ⅳ型4例。3例经左胸行Belsey MarkⅣ修补术;1例行开腹疝修补术;7例行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术;5例行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补+Nissen胃底折叠术;1例行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补+Dor胃底折叠术。17例患者随访无疝复发;术后早期出现吞咽困难5例,腹胀2例,脓胸1例。结论食管裂孔疝修补术疗效确切,腹腔镜手术具有微创优势,可以明显缩短手

  5. Hiatal Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood or passing black stools, which may indicate gastrointestinal bleeding When to see a doctor Make an appointment ... tissue surrounding this opening becomes weak, and the upper part of your stomach bulges up through the ...

  6. Paraesophageal hiatal hernia: Open vs. laparoscopic surgery Hernia de hiato paraesofágica: cirugía laparoscópica vs. cirugía abierta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Díez Tabernilla

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: paraesophageal hiatal hernia represents 5-10% of hiatal hernias. Its importance is based on the severe complications it may have, including gastric volvulus, and surgical treatment is recommended when a diagnosis is established. Material and methods: a retrospective study of all patients who underwent surgery for paresophageal hernia between 1985 and 2007. Results: we studied 90 cases, 68 females and 22 males with a median age of 67.6 years (37-96. Forty-five patients reported pyrosis, 34 epigastric postprandial pain, and 15 dysphagia; eight patients were diagnosed with gastric volvulus. Eighty-one patients underwent elective surgery and 9 emergency surgery. Forty-seven cases underwent an open procedure and 43 a laparoscopic one; 5 (11.6% of them required conversion. The techniques performed were D'Or fundoplication in 35 cases, Nissen in 35, Toupet in 14, simple hiatal closure in 2, Narbona in 1, and Lortat-Jakob in 1; in 10 patients a mesh was placed. The complication rate for open procedure was 10.6 and 9.5% for the laparoscopic one (p > 0.05. Median hospital stay was 9.1 days for the open procedure and 3.4 for the laparoscopic one (p Introducción: la hernia hiatal paraesofágica representa el 5-10% de las hernias hiatales. Su importancia radica en las graves complicaciones que pueden presentar, como el vólvulo gástrico, y se recomienda el tratamiento quirúrgico una vez establecido el diagnóstico. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo de los pacientes intervenidos en nuestro centro de hernia hiatal paraesofágica entre 1985 y 2007. Resultados: estudiamos 90 casos, 68 mujeres y 22 varones, con edad media de 67,6 años (37-96. Cuarenta y cinco pacientes presentaban pirosis, 34 dolor epigástrico postprandial y 15 disfagia; ocho pacientes fueron diagnosticados como vólvulo gástrico. Se realizaron 81 intervenciones programadas y 9 urgentes. En 47 casos el abordaje fue abierto y en 43 laparoscópico, de los cuales 5 se

  7. Congenital posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia : pathophysiological studies and clinical picture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P. Bos (Albert)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractCongenital diaphragmatic hernias are classified according to the location of the defect: posterolateral hernia with or without a sac (Bochdalek-type), parasternal hernia through the foramen of Morgagni, central hernia, and diaphragmatic eventration. The so-called hiatal hernia has a diff

  8. Laparoscopic Repair and Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy to Treat Giant Esophageal Hiatal Hernia with Gastric Obstruction: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamai, Yoichi; Hihara, Jun; Tanabe, Kazuaki; Furukawa, Takaoki; Yamakita, Ichiko; Ibuki, Yuta; Okada, Morihito

    2015-06-01

    We describe a 74-year-old man with repeated aspiration pneumonia who developed gastric obstruction due to giant esophageal hiatal hernia (EHH). We repaired the giant EHH by laparoscopic surgery and subsequently anchored the stomach to the abdominal wall by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) using gastrofiberscopy. Thereafter, the patient resumed oral intake and was discharged on postoperative day 21. At two years after these procedures, the patient has adequate oral intake and lives at home. Because this condition occurs more frequently in the elderly with comorbidities, laparoscopic surgery contributes to minimally invasive treatment. Furthermore, the procedure combined with concurrent gastropexy via PEG is useful for treating patients who have difficulty swallowing and for preventing recurrent hernia.

  9. Induced Opening of the Gastroesophageal Junction Occurs at a Lower Gastric Pressure in Gerd Patients and in Hiatal Hernia Subjects than in Normal Control Subjects

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    Anil Vegesna

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To determine intragastric pressure threshold for inducing gastroesophageal junction (GEJ opening in normal control subjects with and without hiatal hernia, and in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Methods. This study was performed in 13 normal volunteers, 5 volunteers with hiatal hernia, and 3 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. During endoscopy a pressure transducer was used to measure baseline gastric pressures. The pressure in the stomach was measured while air was insufflated into the stomach until the gastroesophageal junction opened on endoscopic view. Results. There were two patterns of GEJ opening in normal volunteers. The mean opening pressure for Gastroesophageal junction in normal pattern-I, normal pattern-II, hiatal hernia, and Gastroesophageal reflux patients was 11.5, 12.6, 3.4, and 1.3 mmHg, respectively. Conclusions. GEJ opening is induced at a significantly lower pressure in subjects with hiatal hernia and in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease than in normal volunteers.

  10. Double-peaked high-pressure zone at the esophagogastric junction in controls and in patients with a hiatal hernia : A study using high-resolution manometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bredenoord, AJ; Weusten, BLAM; Carmagnola, S; Smout, AJPM

    2004-01-01

    The lower esophageal high-pressure zone (HPZ) consists of the intrinsic lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the diaphragmatic sphincter. In patients with a hiatal hernia these constituents are separated. We performed high-resolution manometry of the esophagogastric HPZ in six controls, six patients

  11. [THE COMBINATION OF RECURRENT INTUSSUSCEPTION DUODENAL, ZENKER DIVERTICULUM, HIATAL HERNIA AND HASTROPTOSIS AS A MANIFESTATION OF NON-DIFFERENT DYSPLASIA OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlov, M V; Orlova, N V

    2015-01-01

    Presented rare clinical case: a combination of recurrent intussusception duodenal, diverticulum Zenker, hiatal hernia and hastroptosis as a manifestation of non-different dysplasia of connective tissue. Special interest is recurrent intussusception upper horizontal portion duodenal in the bulb, is not detected when esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

  12. Experience of 38 patients under laparoscopic directly hiatal hernia repair%腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术38例体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟; 张明敏; 贾俊奇; 郭永忠

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术的可行性及安全性。方法回顾性分析2012年12月至2015年3月,伊犁州友谊医院开展腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术38例患者的临床资料。结果38例腹腔镜直接食管裂孔疝修补全部获得成功。其中5例行胃底270°部分折叠术(Toupet 术),33例行胃底360°折叠术(Nissen 术),手术时间50~150 min,平均手术时间100 min,失血15~60 ml,术后24 h拔出胃管并全流质饮食,无术后并发症。平均住院7 d。术后随访3个月至3年,35例患者反酸、烧灼、胸痛症状较术前明显改善,3例改善欠佳,给予服用口服药物。结论食管裂孔疝腹腔镜修补技术是一种安全、可靠、有效的治疗方法。%Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic directly hiatal hernia repair.Methods Retrospective analysis the clinical data of 38 patients under laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair from December 2012 to March 2015.Results 38 cases of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair all success directly.5 routine stomach bottom part 270°fold surgery ( Toupet) 33 stomach bottom part 360°fold after operation( Nissen) operation time on average 50 to 150 minutes, the average operation time, 100 in laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair,15 to 60 ml blood loss,postoperative 24 hours to pull out the tube and liquid diet,no postoperative complications.Average hospital 7 days.Conclusion After the three months follow-up, 38 cases of patients with no recurrence of 35 cases with acid reflux,chest pain obviously improved compared with preoperative, for hiatal hernia, laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair surgery is a safe, reliable, effective treatment.

  13. Intraluminal pressure, transmucosal potential difference, and pH studies in the oesophagus of patients before and after Collis repair of a hiatal hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibulla, K. S.; Collis, J. Leigh

    1973-01-01

    Intraluminal pressure, transmucosal potential difference, and endo-oesophageal pH measurements were studied in patients with hiatal hernia—before and after a hiatal repair. The operation employed is the Collis (1968) repair for uncomplicated hiatal hernia and does not refer to gastroplasty as recommended for peptic stricture (Collis, 1961). Postoperative studies show that the repair approximates the inferior oesophageal sphincter to the hiatus with the production of a single band of raised pressure at the lower end of the oesophagus. This band is similar to that seen in normal subjects and its appearance was associated with cure of the symptoms, abolition of the gastro-oesophageal reflux, and improvement in the function of the inferior oesophageal sphincter and the musculature of the body of the oesophagus. Certain physiological implications of this study are discussed. Images PMID:4724501

  14. Handlebar Hernia: A Rare Type of Abdominal Wall Hernia

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    Rooh-Allah Yegane

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nTraumatic abdominal wall hernias are a type of acquired hernia secondary to blunt trauma Caused, by direct trauma from handlebar like objects. This rare hernia is named ‘Handlebar hernia'. We report a case of such hernia without any significant intra-abdominal injury. The abdominal wall defect was repaired in layers by Jones technique. Postoperative course was uneventful. The authors recommend clinical suspicion for traumatic hernia in all patients with traumatic abdominal wall injury. Definitive treatment includes surgical exploration with primary repair of all tissue layers of the abdominal wall.

  15. Handlebar Hernia: A Rare Type of Abdominal Wall Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rooh-Allah Yegane

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic abdominal wall hernias are a type of acquired hernia secondary to blunt trauma Caused, by direct trauma from handlebar like objects. This rare hernia is named ‘Handlebar hernia'. We report a case of such hernia without any significant intra-abdominal injury. The abdominal wall defect was repaired in layers by Jones technique. Postoperative course was uneventful. The authors recommend clinical suspicion for traumatic hernia in all patients with traumatic abdominal wall injury. Definitive treatment includes surgical exploration with primary repair of all tissue layers of the abdominal wall.

  16. Long-term symptomatic outcome and radiologic assessment of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Furnee, Edgar J. B.; Draaisma, Werner A.; Simmermacher, Rogier K.; Stapper, Gerard; Broeders, Ivo A. M. J.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The long-term durability of laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hiatal herniation is uncertain. This study focuses on the long-term symptomatic and radiologic outcome of laparoscopic paraesophageal herniation repair. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2007, 70 patients (49 females, mean age +/-

  17. 1 Case of Forensic Appraisal in Congenital Mesenteric Hiatal Hernias Death%先天性肠系膜裂孔疝致死法医学鉴定1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许光亚; 赵娟; 李斌

    2015-01-01

    Mesenteric hiatal hernias is formed by the bowel's looping through the mesenteric hiatal, which is a common type of children's internal hernia, and is rare in clinical and forensic medicine practice. However, it lacks characteristically clinical signs and symptoms, and progresses very quickly with high fatality rate, and it is easy to cause medical disputes, consequently clinical doctors and legal medical experts should pay enough atten-tion to it. Based on the forensic pathology analysis of one congenital mesenteric hiatal hernias death, this paper combed the relevant knowledge, so as to provide reference for forensic identification workers.%肠系膜裂孔疝系肠管穿过肠系膜上的裂孔形成,是小儿腹内疝的一种常见类型,其在临床以及法医学实践中甚为少见。但由于该病缺乏特征性的临床症状和体征,且病情进展迅速、病死率高而极易引发医疗纠纷,所以应引起临床医生和法医的足够重视。本文以一例先天性肠系膜裂孔疝致死的法医病理学分析为基础,梳理相关知识,以期为法医鉴定工作者提供借鉴。

  18. 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术12例报告%Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair:a clinical analysis of 12 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青; 渠时学; 谢光伟

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To explore the feasibility and clinical value of laparoscopic surgery in treating patients with hiatal herni-a. Methods:Twelve patients with hiatal hernia underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair,including 9 cases of Nissen operation,3 cases of Toupet operation. 8 cases of hernia repaired with suture,4 cases repaired with Bard CruraSoftMesh. Results; 12 cases of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair was successful in all. No conversions were needed. Mean operation time was (116 ±23) min (range :62-215 min). Mean intraoperative blood lose was ( 12 ± 2. 4) ml(range: 10-20 ml). Mean postoperative hospital stay was (5. 1 ±1.3) d ( range :3-19 d). Clinical symptoms were relieved in all cases. No mortality and severe complications were occurred. Symptoms completely disappeared in 9 cases (75% ) , improved in 3 cases (25% ). Conclusions: Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia with efficacy, safety and the advantages of minimally invasive, should be further applied clinically.%目的:探讨腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝的可行性及临床价值.方法:为12例食管裂孔疝患者行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术,其中9例行胃底360度折叠术(Nissen术),3例行胃底270度部分折叠术(Toupet术).8例使用7号丝线缝合修补疝缺口,4例应用补片修补.结果:12例手术均获成功,无一例中转开腹.手术时间62 ~ 215 min,平均(116±23) min;术中出血量10 ~20 ml,平均(12±2.4)ml;术后住院3~19 d,平均(5.1±1.3)d;无严重并发症发生及死亡病例.术后症状完全消失9例(75%),好转3例(25%).结论:腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术安全,疗效确定,患者创伤小,值得临床应用.

  19. 腹腔镜治疗食道裂孔疝的护理%Nursing of esophageal hiatal hernia treated by laparoscope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭洪霞; 杨多; 张静; 姜靖

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the perioperative nursing of esophageal hiatal hernia using the laparoscopic methods. Methods 26 cases of esophageal hiatal hernia undergoing the laparoscopic repair operation were given a whole comprehensive nursing before and after the operation. Results All 26 cases received the successful surgeries, restored successfully after the operation, and had no post-operative complications. The average time for leaving hospital was 4 days. Conclusions Strengthening the perioperative nursing of esophageal hiatal hernia is in favor of postoperative recovery and reducing postoperative complications.%目的 探讨腹腔镜治疗食道裂孔疝的围手术期护理.方法 对26例食道裂孔疝行腹腔镜修补术的患者进行术前、术后全面的整体护理.结果 26例手术全部获得成功,术后恢复顺利,无术后并发症,平均4 d出院.结论 加强食道裂孔疝的围手术期护理,有利于术后恢复,减少术后并发症的发生.

  20. 腹腔镜下治疗食管裂孔疝55例报告%Clinical Experience of Laparoscopic Repair of Esophageal Hiatal Hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁明强; 朱勇; 郑炜; 郭朝晖; 康明强; 陈椿

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia . Methods We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 55 patients with esophageal hiatal hernia who underwent laparoscopic surgery in our hospital between March 2008 and March 2013.After laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia , different types of fundoplication were carried out including Nisse fundoplication in 17 cases, Toupet fundoplication in 19 cases, Dor fundoplication in 19 cases. Results All the operations were successfully completed under laparoscope .Different fundoplication included 17 cases of Nissen fundoplication, 19 cases of Toupet fundoplication, and 19 cases of Dor fundoplication.The operative time was (69.6 ±13.0) min for Nissen operation, (68.0 ±8.2) min for Toupet operation, and (63.8 ±10.1) min for Dor, respectively.The intraoperative blood loss was (20.0 ±5.8) ml for Nissen operation, (20.6 ±9.5) ml for Toupet, and (21.7 ±5.0) ml for Dor, respectively.No blood transfusion was needed .The postoperative extubation time was (3.1 ±1.1) d for Nissen operation, (2.7 ±0.7) d for Toupet, and (2.3 ±1.1) d for Dor, respectively.The postoperative hospital stay was (9.1 ±4.9) d for Nissen operation, (8.4 ±2.6) d for Toupet, and (7.6 ±1.5) d for Dor, respectively.Clinical symptoms had been alleviated effectively after operation , without deaths. However, 3 patients (5.5%) had developed postoperative complications , including 2 cases of delayed gastric emptying and 1 case of dysphagia, which were relieved after treatment.The median follow-up time was 45 months (range, 6-60 months).Oral barium meal and endoscopic examinations showed no recurrence of hiatal hernia , esophageal stenosis , or esophageal diverticula . Conclusion Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia is safe and effective , and different fundoplications can be chosen according to conditions of patients .%目的:探讨腹腔镜下治疗食管裂孔疝的

  1. [Severe kyphosis and esophagus hiatal hernia affected in the levodopa absorption of a patient with Parkinson's disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chihara, Norio; Yamamoto, Toshiyuki; Lin, Youwei; Tsukamoto, Tadashi; Ogawa, Masafumi; Murata, Miho

    2009-08-01

    An 82 year-old woman with Parkinson's disease complained of a tendency to fall. She has had an extensive kyphosis since she was 66 years old. Over the last 6 months, she has repeatedly fallen. Even though she took anti-parkisonian drugs, she had also developed camptocormia. Her plasma levodopa concentration was analyzed for 4 hrs after administrating an oral dose of levodopa (200 mg) plus carbidopa (20 mg) at the time of fasting. The change in the plasma levodopa concentration showed bimodal peaks. The physical symptoms depended on the plasma concentration and improved twice. Esophageal tortuosity and esophageal hiatal hernia were detected by esophagography and upper gastric endoscopy. Such physical symptoms were speculated to have been caused by the transit disturbance of the drug in the gastrointestinal duct. During a second analysis of the plasma levodopa concentration, the patient was instructed to keep extending her back after consuming the same dose of drugs but with a greater amount of water than in the first analysis. A single and a higher peak were observed for the plasma levodopa concentration, and the physical symptoms, including camptocormia and parkinsonism, were improved. Hunched posture could influence the absorption of antiparkinsonian drugs.

  2. Post prandial and nocturnal recurrent acute heart failure caused by a large hiatal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahim Dusak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of left heart failure caused by a sliding hiatus hernia compressing on left atrium. A 95-year-old woman was admitted with recurrent episodes of shortness of breath and chest pain. The cause was uncertain as she had normal cardiothoracic ratio on chest radiography. Computed tomography (CT of the thorax revealed an intrathoracic mass behind the left atrium causing external compression of the left atrium suggestive of sliding hiatus hernia. We present such a case and possible mechanisms of heart failure.

  3. Post prandial and nocturnal recurrent acute heart failure caused by a large hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdurrahim Dusak

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of left heart failure caused by a sliding hiatus hernia compressing on left atrium. A 95-year-old woman was admitted with recurrent episodes of shortness of breath and chest pain. The cause was uncertain as she had normal cardiothoracic ratio on chest radiography. Computed tomography (CT) of the thorax revealed an intrathoracic mass behind the left atrium causing external compression of the left atrium suggestive of sliding hiatus hernia. We present such a case and possible mechanisms of heart failure.

  4. 腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝八例体会%Experience of eight patients treated by laparoscopic esophageal hiatal hernia repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鹏; 张国志; 陈建立; 李曙光; 崔明新

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the safety and therapeutic effect of 8 patients with esophageal Hiatal Hernia treated by laparoscopic hernia repair.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 8 patients with esophageal Hiatal Hernia form Jun.2009 to Jun. 2010.Among the participants,3 conducted 360-degree fundoplication,5 conducted partial(270-degree) fundoplication.Silk sutures were used for the repair of esophageal perforation in 4 patients,and patch repair was used for the other 4 cases.Results Eight patients were treated by laparoscopic hernia repair,and all of them were cured without postoperative complications.The mean duration of surgery was ( 120 ± 30) min,with average blood loss ( 50 ± 12 ) ml.Patients had a mean postoperative hospital stay of(4.5 ± 2.5 )days.All the patients were followed up for 1 to 2 years,and no case was found to be relapsed.Conclusion Total laparoscopic hernia repair is minimally invasive,with short recovery course,less pain after surgery,little complication and short hospitalized time.Laparoscopic Hernia repair should be the preferred effective operation method for patients with esophageal Hiatal Hernia.%目的 探讨使用腹腔镜行食管裂孔疝修补术的疗效和安全性.方法 对8例食管裂孔疝患者行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术,其中3例行360°胃底折叠术,5例行270°胃底部分折叠术.4例采用丝线缝合修补食管裂孔,4例应用补片修补食管裂孔.结果 8例腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术全部成功.手术时间平均( 120±30) min,术中出血量平均(50±12)ml,无术后并发症,术后平均住院(4.5±2.5)d.术后症状完全消失7例,好转1例.随访1~2年,无复发.结论 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术具有疗效确定、安全和创伤小的优点,值得进一步推广应用.

  5. 老年食管裂孔疝的腹腔镜治疗%Laparoscopic repair of the esophageal hiatal hernia in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑亚杰; 田文; 马冰; 丁国飞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the methods,safety and efficacy of laparoscopic repair of the esophageal hiatal hernia in elderly patients. Methods There were twenty one elderly patients with esophageal hiatal hernia received the laparoscopic repair in our hospital from March 2007 to November 2010. The clinical data were analyzed and patients were followed up after surgery. Results All of the twenty one patients were completed laparoscopic repair of the esophageal hiatal hernia successfully. The operation time was 78 min in average (61-128 min)and the blood loss was between 10-110 ml,25ml in average. Six patients developed transient dysphagia after surgery,the symptoms subsided after conservative treatment. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5 days (3-21 days). The patients were followed up for 12-31 months (mean 20 months),no recurrence or complication with mesh were found. Conclusions Laparoscopic repair of the esophageal hiatal hernia in elderly patients is a safe and can achieve good clinical results.%目的 探讨腹腔镜下应用补片行老年食管裂孔疝修补术的方法、安全性及临床效果.方法 2007年3月~2010年11月在腹腔镜下应用补片修补食管裂孔疝的21例老年患者,回顾分析临床资料并进行术后随访.结果 21例腹腔镜下应用补片行食管裂孔疝修补术的患者均顺利完成手术.手术时间61~128 min,平均78 min;手术出血10~1 10ml,平均25 ml;术后住院3~21 d,平均5d.术后6例出现短期的吞咽困难,均经保守治疗后好转,无手术死亡发生.随访12~31个月,平均20个月,未见食管裂孔疝复发病例及有关补片并发症的发生.结论 腹腔镜技术对老年人实施食管裂孔疝修补术是一项安全有效的手术方式,能够取得良好的临床效果.

  6. Reversibility of cardiopulmonary impairment after laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia

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    Emanuele Asti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant hiatus hernia with or without intrathoracic gastric volvulus often presents with symptoms suggestive of both cardiac and pulmonary compression. Cardiopulmonary impairment may be reversible in these patients by laparoscopic crural repair and fundoplication as shown in this case report. Cardiac magnetic resonance and the cardiopulmonary exercise test may help selecting patients for surgery. These preliminary findings led us to start a prospective study using this multimodality diagnostic approach.

  7. 食管裂孔疝的腹腔镜手术治疗%Laparoscopic surgery for hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂云飞

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨食管裂孔疝的腹腔镜手术治疗配合抗反流手术治疗的临床效果以及安全性。方法对我院自2009年1月~2012年1月的50例食管裂孔疝患者进行腹腔镜手术联合抗反流手术,采用视觉模拟积分的方法对患者胃食管反流症状进行评价将评价结果有专门人员进行调查记录。结果患者进行Toupet术的有13例、Nissen术11例以及Dor术26例,患者进行手术的平均时间为123min,手术后住院修养的平均时间为4d。在对患者进行6~24个月的术后调查时发现,有3例患者在术后病状复发。胃食管反流症状进行视觉模拟积分,术前以及术中得分为5分,术后得分为1分。结论食管裂孔疝的腹腔镜手术治疗配合抗反流手术治疗的临床效果显著,值得广泛推广使用。%ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effects and safety for treating the hiatal hernia through laparoscopic surgery with antireflux procedure.MethodsA total of 50 cases of patients in our hospital with hiatal hernia from January 2009 to January 2012 were remedied through laparoscopic surgery combined with antireflux surgery,And gastroesophageal reflux symptoms were evaluated with visual analogue integrator, which was recorded by specialized personnel.Results In 13 cases of Toupet therapy,11 cases of N issen therapy and 26 cases of Dor therapy,the average time of surgery in patients were 123 minutes and the length of stay were 4 days after operation.It was found there were three patients in the postoperative recurrence of symptoms during the 6-24 months after surgery. In the visual analog integration,the evaluation score was 5 before surgery and it was 1 during operation.Conclusion The laparoscopic surgery with antireflux procedure can reach the outstanding clinical effects and is worth popularizing.

  8. 腹腔镜下治疗儿童食管裂孔疝58例体会%Laparoscopic fundoplication for children with hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严志龙; 胡明; 洪莉; 陈盛; 吴晔明

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜下治疗儿童食管裂孔疝的经验和疗效.方法 回顾性分析上海儿童医学中心2002年6月至2012年6月间,运用腹腔镜治疗儿童食管裂孔疝58例的临床资料.患儿年龄50 d~10岁,平均2.5岁.按照美国消化及内镜学会分类,本组滑动性疝23例、混合性疝12例、食管旁疝23例,术前均通过上消化道造影(GI)明确存在食管裂孔疝.采用五孔法,运用Nissen-Rossetti和改良Thal法修补食管裂孔并进行胃底折叠.结果 所有患儿通过腹腔镜完成手术,无一例中转开腹手术.疝孔直径3~5 cm,手术时间90~150 min.术后有2例复发,再次手术证实为缝线脱落.改良Thal法术后发生胃食管反流4例,其中1例不愿进食,经中药治疗后好转.术后1例食管中下段狭窄,给予食管扩张2次.本组术后正常进食时间为24~48 h,平均32 h;术后3~5 d出院.随访时间2个月~3年,所有患儿均生长发育好.结论 腹腔镜下治疗儿童食管裂孔疝具有开腹手术难以比拟的优势,能够真正体现腹腔镜微创的优点,术前患儿的评估对术中手术方法的选择和预后具有重要作用.%Objective To investigate the efficacy of the laparoscopic operation for patients with hiatal hernia.Methods The data of patients with hiatal hernia undergoing laparoscopic surgery in this center from June 2002 to Dec 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.Totally 52 patients were reviewed in this study.The age of patients ranged from 3 months to 8 years.All patients had undergone upper gastrointestinal contrast radiography and were diagnosed as hiatal hernia before operation.All patients underwent laparoscopic Nissen Rossetti or modified Thal fundoplication.Results All patients underwent laparoscopic procedure without switching to laparotomy.The diameter of hernias ranged from 3 cm to 5 cm.The operating time ranged from 90 min to 150 min.Two patients had recurrence because of suturing off.Four patients had mild

  9. 腹腔镜下巨大食管裂孔疝修补术25例%Laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernia: analysis of 25 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宏志; 秦鸣放

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜巨大食管裂孔疝修补术的临床特点和可行性.方法 2008年1月至2010年8月,应用腹腔镜治疗25例巨大食管裂孔疝,术中均使用专用补片修补食管裂孔,16例同时行胃底折叠术,记录围手术期相关指标,并随访观察治疗效果和术后复发情况.结果 25例均完成腹腔镜手术,手术85~210 min,平均106 min;术中出血量55~150 ml,平均94 ml.术后住院4~21天,平均6.8天.术后症状均得到缓解,无严重并发症,随访3~35个月,平均13.6个月,病人满意率为88%,4例出现轻度反酸症状,1例裂孔疝复发.结论 腹腔镜巨大食管裂孔疝修补术安全、可行,具有创伤小、恢复快、疗效可靠的特点,术中应用Bard CruraSoft补片可缩短手术时间,降低修补食管裂孔的难度,减少复发.%Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and feasibility of laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernia. Methods From January 2008 to August 2010, 25 consecutive patients with giant hiatal hernia underwent laparoscopic repair. Crural closure was performed by means of two or three interrupted nonabsorbable sutures plus a tailored PTFE/ePTFE composite mesh. It was patched across the defect and secured to each crura with staples. Laparoscopic fundoplication was performed concomitantly in 16 cases according to the specific conditions of patients. Para-operative clinical parameters were recorded. All patients were routinely followed up. Clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results All laparoscopic surgeries were accomplished successfully. The operating time was 85 -210 minutes (mean, 106 minutes) ,the operative blood loss was 55 - 150 ml( mean, 94 ml) ,the postoperative hospital stay was 4 -21 days( mean, 6.8 days). The symptoms in most cases were adequately relieved after operation. There was no severe postoperative morbidity. After the follow-up period of 3 - 35months ( mean, 13.6 months), the satisfaction rate of surgery was 88

  10. Intrathoracic drainage of a perforated prepyloric gastric ulcer with a type II paraoesophageal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zonneveld Bas JGL

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With an incidence of less than 5%, type II paraesophageal hernias are one of the less common types of hiatal hernias. We report a case of a perforated prepyloric gastric ulcer which, due to a type II hiatus hernia, drained into the mediastinum. Case presentation A 61-year old Caucasian man presented with acute abdominal pain. On a conventional x-ray of the chest a large mediastinal air-fluid collection and free intra-abdominal air was seen. Additional computed tomography revealed a large intra-thoracic air-fluid collection with a type II paraesophageal hernia. An emergency upper midline laparotomy was performed and a perforated pre-pyloric gastric ulcer was treated with an omental patch repair. The patient fully recovered after 10 days and continues to do well. Conclusion Type II paraesophageal hernia is an uncommon diagnosis. The main risk is gastric volvulus and possible gastric torsion. Intrathoracic perforation of gastric ulcers due to a type II hiatus hernia is extremely rare and can be a diagnostic and treatment challenge.

  11. 腹腔镜手术治疗新生儿食管裂孔疝%Laparoscopic surgery for hiatal hernia in neonates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽霜; 李颀; 李龙; 王莹; 张悦; 冯翠竹; 马继东; 刘树立; 张军; 张艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the safety and outcomes of laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia in neonates. Methods Esophageal hiatus repair and Nissen fundoplication was performed in 6 neonates with hiatal hernia between February 2006 and January 2011. Three cases were diagnosed as "diaphragmatic hernia" in prenatal ultrasonography at 27-week, 35-week, and 38-week pregnancy;They were diagnosed as hiatal hernia by gastrointestinal contrast after birth. The gastrointestinal contrast of one case showed parasophageal hernia, volvulus of stomach and gastroesophageal reflux. Laparoscopic procedure was performed 22 hours after birth. One patient underwent laparoscopic Ladd" operation for combined intestinal malrotation which was shown in preoperative contrast study. Results Six patients underwent esophageal hiatus repair and Nissen fundoplication laparoscopically. The youngest patient was 22 hours old. The lowest weight was 2. 0 kg. The mean operation time was 178 min (150 min~210 min). And the mean blood loss was 2 ml (1~5 ml). Feeding was started after 36~54 h. Postoperative hospital stay was 7~12 days, with an average of 8. 5 days. The six patients were followed up for 3 month to 3 years. They were in good condition with no significant complications. Conclusions This study confirmed that the laparoscopic procedure for neonate hiatal hernia is associated with minimal post-operative pain,,good outcomes,and can be applied to manage additional pathology.The surgeon should be experienced in laparoscopic operations.%目的 探讨腹腔镜手术治疗新生儿食管裂孔疝的可行性.方法 6例新生儿食管裂孔疝行腹腔镜食管裂孔修补胃底折叠术,术前均经X线上消化道泛影葡胺造影确立诊断,其中产前B超诊断膈疝3例,1例合并肠旋转不良同时在腹腔镜下行Ladd's手术.结果 6例患儿均在腹腔镜下顺利完成手术,男4例,女2例,年龄22 h~31 d,体重2.0~3.2 kg.手术时间150~210 min,平均178 min

  12. Cameron lesions in patients with hiatal hernias: prevalence, presentation, and treatment outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, D M; Kushnir, V; Kalra, G; Rosenstock, A; Alsakka, M A; Patel, A; Sayuk, G; Gyawali, C P

    2015-07-01

    Cameron lesions, as defined by erosions and ulcerations at the diaphragmatic hiatus, are found in the setting of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with a hiatus hernia (HH). The study aim was to determine the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of Cameron lesions. We performed a retrospective cohort study evaluating consecutive patients undergoing upper endoscopy over a 2-year period. Endoscopy reports were systematically reviewed to determine the presence or absence of Cameron lesions and HH. Inpatient and outpatient records were reviewed to determine prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of medical treatment of Cameron lesions. Of 8260 upper endoscopic examinations, 1306 (20.2%) reported an HH. When categorized by size, 65.6% of HH were small (Cameron lesions, with a prevalence of 3.3% in the presence of HH. Prevalence was highest with large HH (12.8%). On univariate analysis, large HH, frequent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use, GI bleeding (both occult and overt), and nadir hemoglobin level were significantly greater with Cameron lesions compared with HH without Cameron lesions (P ≤ 0.03). Large HH size and NSAID use were identified as independent risk factors for Cameron lesions on multivariate logistic regression analysis. Cameron lesions are more prevalent in the setting of large HH and NSAID use, can be associated with GI bleeding, and can respond to medical management. © 2014 International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

  13. Impact of hiatal hernia on histological pattern of non-erosive reflux disease

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    Lyratzopoulos Nikolaos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hiatus hernia (HH has major pathophysiological effects favoring gastroesophageal reflux and hence contributing to esophageal mucosa injury, especially in patients with severe gastroesophageal disease. However, prospective studies investigating the impact of HH on the esophageal mucosa in non-erosive reflux disease (NERD are lacking. This study evaluated the association between the presence of (HH and the histological findings in symptomatic patients with NERD. Methods Fifty consecutive patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD were enrolled. After conventional endoscopy, Lugol solution was applied and biopsy specimens were obtained. Histological parameters including basal zone hyperplasia, papillary length and cellular infiltration were evaluated. The chi-square test with Yates' correlation was used for comparing discrete parameters between groups. However, Fisher's exact probability test was used where the expected frequencies were lower than 5. Wilcoxon's test for unpaired samples was preferred in cases of semi-quantitative parameters. Results The presence of HH along with more severe findings (0.01 P P Conclusion The presence of HH is correlated with more severe endoscopy findings, and predisposes for severe histological abnormality in cases of NERD.

  14. Gastroesophageal pressure gradients in gastroesophageal reflux disease: relations with hiatal hernia, body mass index, and esophageal acid exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vries, Durk R; van Herwaarden, Margot A; Smout, André J P M; Samsom, Melvin

    2008-06-01

    The roles of intragastric pressure (IGP), intraesophageal pressure (IEP), gastroesophageal pressure gradient (GEPG), and body mass index (BMI) in the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia (HH) are only partly understood. In total, 149 GERD patients underwent stationary esophageal manometry, 24-h pH-metry, and endoscopy. One hundred three patients had HH. Linear regression analysis showed that each kilogram per square meter of BMI caused a 0.047-kPa increase in inspiratory IGP (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.026-0.067) and a 0.031-kPa increase in inspiratory GEPG (95% CI 0.007-0.055). Each kilogram per square meter of BMI caused expiratory IGP to increase with 0.043 kPa (95% CI 0.025-0.060) and expiratory IEP with 0.052 kPa (95% CI 0.027-0.077). Each added year of age caused inspiratory IEP to decrease by 0.008 kPa (95% CI -0.015-0.001) and inspiratory GEPG to increase by 0.008 kPa (95% CI 0.000-0.015). In binary logistic regression analysis, HH was predicted by inspiratory and expiratory IGP (odds ratio [OR] 2.93 and 2.62, respectively), inspiratory and expiratory GEPG (OR 3.19 and 2.68, respectively), and BMI (OR 1.72/5 kg/m(2)). In linear regression analysis, HH caused an average 5.09% increase in supine acid exposure (95% CI 0.96-9.22) and an average 3.46% increase in total acid exposure (95% CI 0.82-6.09). Each added year of age caused an average 0.10% increase in upright acid exposure and a 0.09% increase in total acid exposure (95% CI 0.00-0.20 and 0.00-0.18). BMI predicts IGP, inspiratory GEPG, and expiratory IEP. Age predicts inspiratory IEP and GEPG. Presence of HH is predicted by IGP, GEPG, and BMI. GEPG is not associated with acid exposure.

  15. 小儿食管裂孔疝的手术治疗%Surgical treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李水学; 和军; 周玲; 玉素甫·阿克木; 阿孜古丽·买买提; 阿不都赛米·阿不都热

    2015-01-01

    Objective to investigate the Surgical indications,security and operating key points of Pediatric hiatal hernia. Methods a retrospective analysis of 25 cases of Pediatric hiatal hernia in January 2008 to July 2015 admitted in People′s Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region ( open surgery, minimally invasive surgery) . Results all of 25 cases were performed surgical treatment,including 19 cases of open surgery,6 cases of laparoscopic surgery. 18 cases of open surgery were one-time cured, one case recurred and cured by reoperation. 5 cases of laparoscopic surgery were one-time cured, one case recurred and cured by reoperation. Conclusion Pediatric hiatal hernia can be effectively treated through open surgery and laparoscopic surgery.%目的:探讨小儿食管裂孔疝的手术适应证、安全性、操作要点。方法回顾性分析2008年1月至2015年7月新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院小儿外科收治的25例食管裂孔疝的临床资料,其中开放手术治疗19例,微创手术治疗6例。结果25例患儿均经过手术治疗,其中开放手术18例均一次治愈,1例复发再手术治愈。腹腔镜手术5例一次手术治愈,1例复发再次手术治愈。开放手术时间90~120 min,腹腔镜手术时间120~150 min,两种术式均无明显的失血。结论小儿食管裂孔疝开放手术治疗和腹腔镜手术治疗都能达到良好的治疗效果。

  16. 腹腔镜下改良Thal术治疗儿童食管裂孔疝%Laparoscopic modified Thal fundoplication for hiatal hernia in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严志龙; 洪莉; 胡明; 吴晔明

    2010-01-01

    Objective To present the results using laparoscopic modified Thal fundoplication to treat hiatal hernia in children. Methods Between June of 2007 and June of 2009, 18 patients with hiatal hernia were performed laparoscopic modified Thal fundoplication at this center, and their clinical data were retrospectively reviewed in this study. The patients aged from 3 months to 8 year old, and included 12 males and 6 females. The diagnosis was made based on the upper gastrointestinal tract barium examination before surgery. Results All patients underwent laparoscopic modified Thal fundoplication. Intraoperative bleeding was few. No esophageal injury occurred. Patients stomachs and esophagus were restored to the normal position after surgery. No complication was noted except 1 patient had mild gastroesophageal reflux during follow-up. Conclusions Laparoscopic modified Thal fundoplication is effective for the treatment of hiatal hernia in children.%目的 探讨腹腔镜下改良Thal术治疗儿童食管裂孔疝的效果.方法 回顾性分析了2007年6月至2009年6月运用腹腔镜改良Thal术治疗儿童食管裂孔疝18例的临床资料.患儿年龄3个月至8岁,男12例,女6例.术前均作上消化道钡餐检查,均发现有食管裂孔疝,运用腹腔镜技术,采用改良Thal术.结果 所有病例均在腹腔镜下顺利完成,术中出血少,没有发生食管的损伤,术后上消化道钡餐造影食管、胃位置恢复正常,1例存在轻度胃食管反流,随访2个月至3年,恢复好.结论 腹腔镜下改良Thal术治疗儿童食管裂孔疝是有效的,对于典型的和巨大的儿童食管裂孔疝是一个很好的手术方法.

  17. 高分辨率食管测压法在食管裂孔疝诊断中的意义%Values of high resolution manometry in the diagnosis of hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季锋; 汪忠镐; 李震; 高翔; 张成超; 李治仝; 化召辉

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate high resolution manometry in the diagnosis of hiatal hernia.Methods Clinical data were reviewed on 20 patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux who had laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication for preoperative tentative diagnosis of hiatal hernia.Preoperative diagnosis of hiatal hernia was made collectively by endoscopy,X-ray examination,24 hour esophageal pH monitoring and high resolution manometry before surgery.Results Preoperative diagnosis of hiatal hernia was made in 3 patients by X-ray examination,in 9 patients by high resolution manometry.11 patients were finally diagnosed with hiatat hernia intraoperatively.X ray was consistent with intraoperative diagnosis in 27% cases.Intraoperative and endoscopic diagnoses were 55%.High resolution manometry and intraoperative diagnoses were consistent in 82%.Lower esophageal sphincter length was (1.92 ± 0.38) cm in hiatal hernia group and (2.10 ± 0.92) cm in non-hiatal hernia group (t =0.60,P > 0.05),lower esophageal sphincter pressure (respiratory min) was (0.64 ±0.55) kPa in hiatal hernia group and (1.31 ± 1.07) kPa in nonhiatal hernia group(t =1.80,P > 0.05),and lower esophageal sphincter pressure (respiratory mean) was (1.43 ±0.92) kPa in hiatal hernia group and (2.57 ± 1.33) kPa in non-hiatal hernia group(t =2.26,P <0.05).The reflux parameters,including the percent total time pH < 4,and DeMeester score,were significantly greater in hiatal hernia group than in non-hiatal hernia group (all P < 0.05).Conclusions Hiatal hernia patients are with poor esophageal antireflux competency and severe reflux.High resolution manometry is more valuable in the diagnosis of hiatal hernia than endoscopy or X-ray examination.%目的 评价高分辨率食管测压法在食管裂孔疝诊断中的临床价值.方法 经腹腔镜下Toupet法胃底折叠术治疗术前经胃镜诊断合并有食管裂孔疝的20例胃食管反流病患者,术前采用上消化道钡餐X线透视

  18. 食管裂孔疝诊治中值得关注的几个问题%Several problems should be paid attention to on laparoscopic hiatal hernia treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文

    2012-01-01

    There are more controversies than consensus in laparoscopic biatal hernia reparation and fundoplication currently. Several important issues on hiatal hernia treatment have been explored, which include the diagnosis of hiatal hernia, choice of surgery method, surgery indications, relevant complications and clinical experiences. It is to promote the further standardization of laparoscopic hiatal hernia treatment, and to gain more effective results.%目前,腹腔镜下食管裂孔疝修补、胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流病取得很好的疗效,有共识也有争议.食管裂孔疝的诊治过程中应关注食管裂孔疝的诊断、手术方法选择、手术适应证选择等问题,不断总结临床经验,降低并发症发生率,以促进腹腔镜食管裂孔疝诊治的进一步规范化,取得更好的治疗效果.

  19. Nursing of 12 elderly patients with hiatal hernia complicated with a variety of basic diseases%12例高龄食管裂孔疝并发多种基础疾病患者的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林静; 陈向荣; 马容莉; 章洁; 张丽月

    2014-01-01

    目的:总结高龄食管裂孔疝并发多种基础疾病患者的护理方法与经验,提高临床专科护理质量。方法对12例高龄食管裂孔疝并发多种基础疾病的患者采取综合护理干预。结果12例高龄食管裂孔疝患者均得到及时明确地诊断,住院期间未发生吸入性肺炎、营养不良、药物不良反应等,10例患者痊愈出院,2例患者因行机械通气需长期住院。结论对高龄食管裂孔疝并发多种基础疾病患者实施准确有效的护理措施至关重要。%Objective To summarize the nursing methods and experience for the elderly hi-atal hernia patients complicated with a variety of basic diseases so as to the quality of nursing. Methods 12 esophageal hiatal hernia patients complicated with multiple basic diseases were given comprehensive nursing intervention.Results 12 esophageal hiatal hernia patients were diagnosed timely and clearly.There was no aspiration pneumonia,malnutrition and adverse drug reactions in hospital.And 10 patients discharge after recovery and the other 2 patients with mechanical ventila-tion should be hospitalized for a long time.Conclusion Accurate and effective nursing measures is very important to the hiatal hernia elderly patients complicated with a variety of basic diseases.

  20. Relação entre o tamanho de hérnia hiatal e tempo de exposição ácida esofágica nas doenças do refluxo erosiva e não-erosiva Relationship between the size of hiatal hernia and esophageal acid exposure time in erosive and non-erosive reflux disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz João Abrahão Jr.

    2006-03-01

    erosiva e doença do refluxo não-erosiva.BACKGROUND: In the last few years studies have demonstrated that hiatal hernias have an important role in the pathogenesis of reflux disease, promoting reflux by many different mechanisms, emphasizing that the larger the hiatal hernia, the higher the reflux intensity and erosive esophagitis prevalence. AIM: To correlate the size of hiatal hernias (small or large with reflux intensity (measured by pH monitoring parameters in patients with non-erosive and erosive reflux disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed pH monitoring from patients with typical reflux symptoms (heartburn previously submitted to upper endoscopy. Reflux intensity was measured by the % of total time of pH 5 cm. RESULTS: A total of 192 patients were included, being 115 in erosive reflux disease group and 77 in non-erosive reflux disease group. In erosive reflux disease patients, there were 94 (81% with small hiatal hernias and 21 (19% with large ones and in non-erosive reflux disease patients there were 66 (85% with small and 11(15% with large hiatal hernias. In erosive reflux disease group, the %TT, %UT and %ST were of 13.1 + 7.1; 13.4 + 7.4 and 12.3 + 11.5 in small hiatal hernias and 20.2 + 12.3; 17.8 + 14.1 and 20.7 + 14.1 in large hiatal hernias, respectively (P <0,05 for %TT and %TS. In non-erosive reflux disease patients, %TT, %UT and %ST were 9.6 + 4.8; 10.8 + 6.8 and 8.6 + 7.3 in small hiatal hernias and of 14.6 + 13.3; 11.2 + 7.5 and 18.1 + 21.0 in large hiatal hernias respectively (P <0,05 for %TT and %TS. CONCLUSION: Large hiatal hernias increase acid exposure time only in supine position in erosive esophagitis patients and in non-erosive patients.

  1. The clinical experience of laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia%腹腔镜治疗食管裂孔疝56例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉楼; 王骥; 马东伟; 马红钦; 赵文星; 刘斌

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia at our hospital. Methods Between August 2010 and August 2014,56 patients at our department underwent laparoscopic repair and Nissen fundoplication of esophageal hiatal hernia,the clinical data from these cases were retrospectively analyzed. Results The mean operation time was(117.4 ±39.9)minutes,intraoperative blood loss was(47.3 ±21.8)ml,the time to first flatus was (35. 7 ± 13. 9)hours and the time of postoperative hospital stay was(5. 4 ± 2. 2)days. There were statistically significant reductions(P<0. 005)in visual analog scores(VAS)for all post-operative time points(1month and 6 months postoperatively). All cases were followed up,no hernia recurrence was found. Conclusion Laparoscopic repair and Nissen fundoplication is a technically safe and feasible surgical procedure for the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia.%目的:探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠手术治疗食管裂孔疝的安全性和实用性。方法回顾性分析2010年8月至2014年8月在徐州医学院附属医院接受腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合Nissen胃底折叠手术56例患者的围手术期及术后随访的临床资料。结果56例手术均顺利完成。平均手术时间(117.4±39.9) min,术中出血量(47.3±21.8) ml,术后胃肠功能恢复时间(35.7±13.9)h,术后住院时间(5.4±2.2)d。围手术期无严重并发症及死亡。胃食管反流综合症状VAS评分术后1个月、6个月与术前比较,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。术后随访均未见复发。结论腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠手术是治疗食管裂孔疝的有效方法。

  2. Terminal ileum gangrene secondary to a type IV paraesophageal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Ching Tsai; Hsiao, Po Jen; Chiu, Chih Chien; Chan, Jenq Shyong; Lin, Yee Fung; Lo, Yuan Hung; Hsiao, Chia Jen

    2016-02-28

    Type IV paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is very rare, and is characterized by the intrathoracic herniation of the abdominal viscera other than the stomach into the chest. We describe a 78-year-old woman who presented at our emergency department because of epigastric pain that she had experienced over the past 24 h. On the day after admission, her pain became severe and was accompanied by right chest pain and dyspnea. Chest radiography revealed an intrathoracic intestinal gas bubble occupying the right lower lung field. Emergency explorative laparotomy identified a type IV PEH with herniation of only the terminal ileum through a hiatal defect into the right thoracic cavity. In this report, we also present a review of similar cases in the literature published between 1980 and 2015 in PubMed. There were four published cases of small bowel herniation into the thoracic cavity during this period. Our patient represents a rare case of an individual diagnosed with type IV PEH with incarceration of only the terminal ileum.

  3. Clinical application with 16-row spiral CT in diagnosis of esophageal hiatal hernia%16层螺旋CT在食管裂孔疝诊断中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婷

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨16层螺旋CT在食管裂孔疝诊断中的应用价值.方法:回顾25例经胃镜、手术或上消化道造影证实的食管裂孔疝患者的16层螺旋CT资料并加以分析.结果:16层螺旋CT可以清晰显示食管裂孔疝的疝囊大小、部位、形态、密度、膈肌裂孔情况及病变与邻近结构的关系.结论:16层螺旋CT通过薄层断面和多平面重建技术(MPR)可以多角度显示疝囊及内容物,可为肿瘤性病变及其他不明原因膈肌膨隆的鉴别诊断提供有价值的诊断信息.%Objective: To investigate diagnostic value of 16 slice spiral CT in esophageal hiatal hernia. Methods: We reviewed 25 cases by gastroscope, operation or upper gastrointestinal radiography confirmed esophageal hiatal hernia in patients with 16 slice spiral CT data, and analyzed. Results: Image of 16 slice spiral CT could clearly show the esophageal hiatal hernia hernia sac size, position, shape, density, the diaphragmatic hiatus and pathological relationship with adjacent structures. Conclusion: 16 slice spiral CT through thin section and multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) can be multi-angle display hernia sac and contents, especially in the display of the diaphragmatic hiatus of broadening and lesions and their relation to the adjacent tissues have irreplaceable role.At the same time and neoplastic lesions and other unexplained diaphragm bulge in the differential diagnosis of provide valuable diagnostic information.

  4. 基层医院开展腹腔镜治疗食管裂孔疝效果的临床体会%Clinical experience of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in primary hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 艾海提·牙生; 陈雷

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价基层医院应用腹腔镜开展食管裂孔疝修补手术的临床效果及可行性。方法回顾性分析2009年3月至2012年12月焉耆县人民医院行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术6例及传统开腹行食管裂孔疝修补术5例患者的临床资料。结果6例患者均采用腹腔镜应用补片食管裂孔疝修补后同时行胃底折叠术,其中3例行Nissen胃底折叠术,3例行Toupet胃底折叠术,术后反流性食管炎症状包括胸骨后灼烧样疼痛、反酸、嗳气完全缓解。无手术并发症,无中转开腹及死亡病例。术后随访24~60个月,腹腔镜组无症状复发。复查胃镜,食管炎症及溃疡完全治愈。结论有硬件条件及手术经验的县级医院可开展食管裂孔疝腹腔镜手术治疗,并能取得良好的临床效果。%Objective Evaluate the clinical effects and feasibility of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in primary hospital. Methods From March 2009 to December 2012, 6 cases of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and 5 cases of open hiatal hernia repair were conducted in Yanqi county hospital. Clinical information were retrospectively analyzed. Results 6 patients were received laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with mesh and combined with fundoplication, 3 for Nissen and 3 for Toupet. All of them achieved completely symptomatic relief without retrosternal burning-sensitive pain, acid regurgitation and belching. No complications, no conversion to open surgery and no death cases. With the follow-up of 24 months, no recurrence in laparoscopic group and no inflammationand anabrosis of esophagusby gastroscopic. Conclusion Primary hospital with hard condition and surgical experience can develop laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair, the long-term clinical and social effects are remarkable.

  5. Effect of lauromacrogol in treatment of hiatal Hernia%聚桂醇在食管裂孔疝治疗中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨聚桂醇在食管裂孔疝( HH)治疗中的疗效。方法选取HH患者69例,常规进镜至胃腔,退镜至食管膈裂孔压迹处,通过内镜活检孔插入注射针,在食管膈裂孔压迹处、齿状线处及LES区环周分别多点注射聚桂醇,点间隔1 cm,总量小于10 ml,每周一次,4次为一个疗程。疗程结束后1个月再次测定食管pH值、食管压力并胃镜检查,比较注药前后患者的食管pH值、食管压力指数、内镜下黏膜改变及临床症状改善情况。结果注药后1个月的食管pH值、食管压力及齿状线与膈食管裂孔压迹的距离与注药前比较,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。注药后反流性食管炎内镜分级提高、临床症状明显改善。结论聚桂醇注射于LES区及膈裂孔区可改善食管内酸性环境,降低酸暴露时间,提高食管下段括约肌的压力,可在短时间内有效的改善临床症状,提高非手术治疗者的生存质量。%Objective To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic submucous injection of lauromacrogol in the treatment of hiatal hernia .Methods A total of 69 patients with hiatal hernia were enrolled in the study.After gastroscope was drawn back to the esophageal diaphragmatic hiatus , multi-point submucosal injection of lauromacrogol was performed in the esophageal diaphragmatic hiatus , pectinate line and LES circumferential area once a week .There were four times in a course of treatment .The interval of injection point was 1cm and the total dose of lauromacrogol was less than 10ml.One month after the course of treatment,esophageal pH, esophageal pressure, endoscopic mucosal changes and clinical symptoms were compared with those before injection .Results There were significant differences in terms of esophageal pH , esophageal pressure and the length between pectinate line and diaphragmatic esophageal hiatus before and after administration of lauromacrogol (P<0.05).After injection

  6. 老年患者腹腔镜食道裂孔疝修补术的围手术期护理%Perioperative nursing of elderly patients undergoing esophageal hiatal hernia with laparoscope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天使; 符敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the perioperative nursing of elderly patients undergoing esophageal hiatal hernia repair with laparoscope. Method Twenty elderly patients undergoing esophageal hiatal hernia repair with laparoscope were managed with holistic nursing and the key nursing points were summarized. Results After operations, 3 of them contracted with dysphagia, 5 with weakened gastrointestinal motility, 6 with pulmonary infections, 3 with dyspnea and 1 with thrombus in the deep veins of lower extremities. All the 20 patients got recovered successfully after pertinent treatments. 3 months follow-ups showed the clinical symptoms disappeared and barium meal showed no relapse of hernias. Conclusion Strengthened perioperative nursing of operations on esophageal hiatal hernia is beneficial for postoperative recovery and reduction of postoperative complications.%目的:探讨腹腔镜治疗老年食道裂孔疝修补术患者的围手术期护理。方法总结20例食道裂孔疝行腹腔镜修补术的老年患者护理要点。结果20例患者中术后出现吞咽困难症状3例,胃肠蠕动弱5例,肺部感染6例,腹胀呼吸困难3例,下肢深静脉血栓1例,对症处理后均顺利出院。随访3个月临床症状均消失,钡餐造影未见疝复发。结论术前做好评估和心理护理,认真细致的术后护理以及积极处理并发症,有利于术后恢复,减少术后并发症的发生。

  7. Bochdalek Hernia with Adult Diaphragmatic Agenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Akar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available    Diaphragmatic hernia arises from pleuro-peritoneal membranes inability to close pericardioperitoneal membranes. Diaphragmatic defect may be located in esophageal hiatus (hiatal hernia, nearby the hiatus (paraesophageal, retrosternal (Morgagni or posterolateral (Bochdalek. Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH diagnosed after neonatal period are defined as late presenting CDH. This group of patients consist 5-31% of CDHs and lead to diagnostic difficulties. A case of adult type Bochdalek hernia who was admitted to our clinic with respiratory problems and recognized late with the absence of left diaphragm was discussed in the light of clinical and surgical methods.

  8. Recorded lower esophageal pressures as a function of electronic sleeve placement and location of gastric pressure measurement in patients with hiatal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basseri, Benjamin; Pimentel, Mark; Chang, Christopher; Soffer, Edy E; Conklin, Jeffrey L

    2013-10-01

    In high-resolution manometry lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) is measured relative to intragastric pressure, however Gastric Marker™ (GM) location used to determine resting LESP is not well established with hiatal hernia (HH). We test the hypothesis that measured resting LESP varies with HH based on GM location. Subjects with HH ≥ 2 cm were included. The eSleeve™ was adjusted to span only the LES, excluding the crural diaphragm (CD). Resting LESP was determined by placing the GM below and above the CD (in the position yielding the highest resting LESP). Resting pressure across the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to CD and pressure in the HH relative to subdiaphragmatic intragastric pressure were also measured. HH ≥ 2 cm was present in 98 patients (mean length 2.7 cm). LESP decreased when GM was moved from below the CD into the HH: respiratory minimum LESP 7.5 ± 1.1 to 3.6 ± 0.9 mmHg; P pressure was 12.2 ± 0.9 mmHg and mean pressure was 23.9 ± 1.0 mmHg pressure (P Pressure in the hernia pouch was greater than intragastric pressure: respiratory minimum 3.0 ± 0.7 mmHg and mean 9.0 ± 0.8 mmHg (P < 0.001 for both). pH studies showed a trend toward an association between abnormal distal esophagus acid exposure and lower resting LESP. GM placement in the HH produces lower resting LESPs. This may provide a more physiologic representation of LESP in HH.

  9. The Value of diagnosis to Painless Gastroscopy for hiatal hernia%无痛胃镜对食管裂孔疝的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚士祥; 汤海涛; 王可

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨无痛胃镜检查对食管裂孔疝( hiatal hernia HH)的临床诊断价值.方法:总结分析291例无痛胃镜检查结果,并与X线食道钡餐透视检查及普通胃镜检查结果对比分析.结果:291例患者诊断HH 6例,占所检患者2.06%,该6例患者于胃镜检查前或后均做X线钡餐造影检查,X线诊断均确诊为HH,符合率100%.同期9127例普通胃镜检查HH检出率为3.51%.其中69例于胃镜检查前或后做过X线食道钡餐透视检查,有43例X线诊断为HH,符合率为62.31%.结论:无痛胃镜检查能更直观、清晰的观察HH的特点及并发症,对于诊断HH具有重要价值.

  10. 食管裂孔疝修补术前评估及适应证合理选择%Preoperative evaluation and indication’s identification of hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文; 马冰; 费阳

    2014-01-01

    食管裂孔疝是指腹段食管、食管胃连接部和部分胃组织通过膈食管裂孔凸入胸腔形成的疝。国内目前对食管裂孔疝的外科治疗日渐重视,尤其是合并食管反流病的病人选择外科手术者日益增多。虽然腹腔镜治疗食管裂孔疝具有创伤小、恢复快、疗效好等优点,但手术并发症也时常发生,例如术后复发、吞咽困难等。术后并发症给病人带来各种负面影响,甚至导致生活质量下降。临床上须重视各种手术并发症的处理,但更应强调术前对病人的手术评估,选择合理手术适应证,以减少各种并发症的发生。术前良好评估以及适应证的合理选择是提高食管裂孔疝治疗效果,改善病人症状,减少术后各种并发症的基础。%Esophageal hiatal hernia refers to the abdominal segment of esophagus,esophagogastric junction and gastric tissue through the diaphragmatic hiatal hernia convex into the thoracic cavity formation. At present on the surgical treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia is becoming more and more attention,especially the surgical treatment of patients with esophageal reflux disease are increasing. Although laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia is with small trauma, quick recovery, good curative effect, but its complications occurred frequently, for example,postoperative recurrence and dysphagia,etc. The complications have all kinds of negative effects to the patients,and even lead to a decline in quality of life. Surgeons need to pay attention to the treatment of all complications. But more attention should emphasize on preoperative evaluation of patients with operation indications,choice of reasonable operation,in order to reduce the complications. Therefore,good preoperative evaluation and reasonable selection of indication are the foundation to improve the therapeutic effect of hiatus hernia, improve the symptoms of patients and reduce the postoperative

  11. Laparoscopic management for congenital paraesophageal hiatal hernia in children%腹腔镜治疗儿童先天性食管裂孔旁疝

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严志龙; 胡明; 吴晔明

    2011-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to analyze our experience of diagnosis and treatment of congenital paraesophageal hiatal hernia(PEHH). Methods Between 2005 and 2010, the records of 10 patients with PEHH were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients had a combination of sliding and paraesophageal hernia. The age ranged from 8 month to 10 year. Average age was 5. 2 year.Five case presented with anemia,2 cases with recurrent respiratory infection. 3 cases with vomiting and failure to thrive. Diagnosis was confirmed by upper gastro-intestinal constrast study and chest CT scans. All patients present with right paracardiac opacity and gas bubbles in the right lower thorax. In two cases, the opacity occupied the right thorax. We carried out modified Thal procedure to repair the paraesophageal hiatal hernia. Results Thal procedure was successfully completed in all patients. The.operation time ranged from 90 minutes to 150 minutes. The diameter of these hernia ranged from 3 to 5. 5 cm with most of stomach displaced into the thorax. Three pateints had transverse colon herniated into the thorax. In four patients, the gastric volvulus was encountered. Post-operatively, there was no evidence of gastro-esophageal reflux. Patients were discharged in 3 to 5 days. Symptoms subsided and the growth of the children was normal. Conclusions Early diagnosis and treatment for congenital paraesophageal hiatal hernia is recommended. Large defect is associated with displacement of gastro-esophageal junction into the thorax. Additional antireflux procedure to is recommended. The modified Thal procedure is an effective way of repairing PEHH.%目的 分析和研究腹腔镜下治疗儿童先天性食管裂孔旁疝的经验.方法 2005年至2010年诊治10例食管裂孔旁疝的患儿,其中5例为混合性食管裂孔疝.年龄8个月~10岁,平均年龄5.2岁,男6例,5例表现为贫血,2例反复呼吸道感染,3例反复呕吐伴营养不良,术前通过胃肠钡餐检查(GI)及胸

  12. A new mechanism of gastroesophageal reflux in hiatal hernia documented by high-resolution impedance manometry: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torresan, Francesco; Mandolesi, Daniele; Ioannou, Alexandros; Nicoletti, Simone; Eusebi, Leonardo Henry; Bazzoli, Franco

    2016-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is recognized to be a multifactorial disease and several mechanisms leading to reflux have been described, nevertheless its pathophysiology has not been fully clarified. Hiatus hernia is a known risk factor for GERD since it impairs the esophagogastric junction, leading to: reduction in lower esophageal sphincter pressure; increase in the frequency of the transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation; and impairment of esophageal clearance. Last generation diagnostic techniques have improved the understanding of these mechanisms. A 72-year-old woman with hiatus hernia and GERD underwent a high resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) after a partial response to treatment with pantoprazole. None of the proposed pathophysiological mechanisms for GERD could explain the presence of reflux: HRIM showed normal lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure and contractile integral, complete bolus clearance in all test swallows, and absence of transient LES relaxation. However, after the end of each peristaltic wave, as the LES pressure returned to resting values, a gastroesophageal reflux was detected until the following swallow. We describe an interesting case of a patient with a sliding hiatus hernia, with symptoms suggestive of GERD, in which HRIM revealed a new possible mechanism through which hiatus hernia may lead to GERD. PMID:27708528

  13. DR imaging diagnostic characteristics of esophageal hiatal hernia%食管裂孔疝 DR 影像诊断特征(附21例报告)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代前军; 陆玉和; 吴云华; 吕仁煜

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨食管裂孔疝初诊时胸部DR平片影像诊断的特征。方法回顾性分析对21例食管裂孔疝患者,在DR胸片初诊时发现后,经数字胃肠造影( GI)或CT扫查后证实为食管裂孔疝的DR平片影像学特征。结果21例DR胸片后前位体检中发现心后区水平见一类椭圆形透光区,腔内壁欠光整,其中12例见可疑胃黏膜影,17例伴气液平面影,提示为食管裂孔疝,经数字胃肠造影检查,口服造影剂(硫酸钡二型干混悬剂),采取直立位,仰卧位,俯卧位等体位,采集胃肠道充盈像及黏膜像,检查出21例证实均为食管裂孔疝。结论根据DR胸片的影像学特征,较容易发现较典型的食道裂孔疝病变,可明显减低初诊中的误诊率。为进一步的检查提供早期影像依据。%Objective To explore the characteristics of DR chest plain film imaging diagnosis for preliminary diagnosis of esophageal hiatal hernia .Methods 21 cases of patients with hiatal hernia were chosen , whose characteristics of DR chest plain film imaging were retrospectively analyzed after preliminary diagnosis and hiatal hernia being confirmed by gastrointesti -nal imaging(GI) or CT scanning.Results In the DR chest posteroanterior X-ray examination of the 21 cases,an elliptic pho-tic zone was found in the area behind the heart level ,with an unsmooth cavity wall .12 cases manifested suspicious gastric mu-cosa shadow and 17 cases were accompanied with gas -liquid plane image .All suggested esophageal hiatal hernia .After the digital gastrointestinal angiography examination and administration of contrast agent ( barium sulfate typeⅡdry suspension a-gent),the 21 cases were confirmed as esophageal hiatal hernia .Conclusion By imaging characteristics of DR chest radio-graph,it is easier to identify a typical hiatal hernia lesion .Thus misdiagnosis rate can remarkably reduced in the preliminary di-agnosis.These characteristics can be

  14. Laparoscopic surgery into mixed hiatal hernia: Results pre-operative and post-operative Tratamiento quirúrgico laparoscópico en la hernia de hiato mixta: Resultados peroperatorios y del seguimiento a medio plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Pagán Pomar

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the complications of the mixed hernia need, often, surgical treatment. In the asymtomatic patients this one treatment is controversial, due to her complex repair and the high percentage of relapse informed in the long term. The surgical classic routes, they present raised morbi-mortality related to the extent of the incisions, to long hospitable stays and slow recovery. Material and methods: between October, 2001 to November, 2007 we check 39 patients with hernia hiatal mixed with a middle ages of 65 years (35-78 years. In Lloyd-Davies's position, the content diminishes hernia and the redundant sack is resected. The diaphragmatic props are sutured by material not reabsorbable. Mesh of reinforcement intervened in 7/39 repairs. It concludes with a partial or complete antirreflux depending on the report. Results: the operative average time was of 126 min; the hospital stay of 2.46 days. The complications perioperatives are principally cardiorespiratory. A patient died for an intestinal inadvertent perforation during the intervention and of late diagnosis. We realize traffic gastroduodenal to 12 months in 28 patients (71.7%. We find relapse in 8 patients (20.5%. Four asymtomatic patients, with chance find in the radiological control. Three patients with pirosis that needs treatment and one of the relapses needed reintervention for strangulation of a gastric volvulus. Conclusions: the laparoscopic surgery offers safety and efficiency with rapid postoperatory recovery, minor morbidity and hospitable stay. After the surgery, the long-term relapse presents similar results to the opened surgery, though the interposition of mesh can propitiate her decrease.Introducción: las complicaciones de la hernia mixta requieren, con frecuencia, tratamiento quirúrgico. En los pacientes asintomáticos este tratamiento es controvertido, debido a su compleja reparación y al elevado porcentaje de recidivas informado a largo plazo. Las vías quir

  15. 腹腔镜技术在食管裂孔疝修补手术中的初步体会(附3例报告)%The experience of the laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵凯; 吴彪; 任俊; 曹峰瑜

    2014-01-01

    Objective Expore the application of the laparoscopic technique about hiatal hernia repair.Methods From March 2013 to March 2014,3 cases of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair the First Hospital of Wuhan were retrospectively analyzed.Results Successful completion of the results of 3 cases and no case was transferred to open operation.Nissen for 2 cases,suture for 1 case.Surgery time for an average of 120 minutes,postoperative stayed at the hospital,on average 5 days,no case was severe postoperative complications.All cases were followed up an average of 6 months,none was recurrence. Conclusion Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair is minimally invasive,safe and effective,it conforms to the requirements of rapid rehabilitation surgery.%目的:探讨腹腔镜技术在修补食管裂孔疝手术中的应用。方法回顾性分析武汉市第一医院2013年3月至2014年3月,3例行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝手术患者的临床资料。结果3例腹腔镜手术均顺利完成,无中转开腹手术。2例同时行 Nissen 胃底折叠术,1例仅行裂孔修补术,平均手术时间120 min,平均住院5 d,无术后并发症。术后平均随访时间6月,无复发病例。结论腹腔镜修补食管裂孔疝手术具有微创,安全,有效的特点,符合快速康复外科的要求。

  16. 浅析微创手术治疗食管裂孔疝修补术的临床研究%Clinical Study on Minimally Invasive Operation in Treatment of Hiatal Hernia Repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建松; 王树军; 周安传; 刘艳想

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨和总结微创手术治疗食管裂孔疝修补术患者的最佳术士方法的临床疗效和经验。方法:目前以微创手术治疗为临床治疗首选,多采用通过腹腔镜应用补片进行食管裂孔疝修补和部分胃底折叠术。现抽取我院普外科对2012年8月~2013年9月来我院就诊的15例患者治疗效果进行分析。结果:通过腹腔镜应用补片进行食管裂孔疝修补和部分胃底折叠术对患者进行治疗,15例患者均手术成功,术后住院3~5天,术后1~2个月来院复查临床症状消失,术后8~10个月电话回访未出现复发,取得了显著的临床疗效。结论:通过腹腔镜应用补片进行食管裂孔疝修补和部分胃底折叠术对患者进行治疗,效果显著,值得医者学习和推广。%Objective:To explore and summarize the minimally invasive surgical treatment of hiatal hernia repair in patients with clinical efficacy and experience.Methods:The current clinical treatment with minimally invasive surgical treatment,the use of the application through a patch for laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and partial fundoplication.Now taken for general surgery in our hospital from the year 2012 8thto 2013 9th for treatment of 15 patients for analyzing.Results:The application of a patch for laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and partial fundoplication for the treatment of patients,15 patients were successful surgery,postoperative hospital stay was 3 to 5 days,after 1 to 2 months to the hospital review clinical symptoms,after 8 to 10 months follow up call no recurrence,and achieved significant clinical efficacy.Conclusion:Laparoscopic application for hiatal hernia repair patch and partial fundoplication for the treatment of patients,the effect is significant,it is worth learning and promotion healer.

  17. Analysis the efficacy of laparoscopic Floppy Nissen fundoplication treatment of hiatal hernia ;combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease%腹腔镜短松Nissen胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流病的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李义亮; 张成; 克力木; 苏福增; 王志; 李慧灵; 杜智

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨腹腔镜短松Nissen胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流病的临床疗效。方法统计新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院2012年10月至2015年1月收治的149例行腹腔镜短松Nissen胃底折叠术的食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流病患者的病案资料,其中Ⅰ型食管裂孔疝82例,Ⅱ型食管裂孔疝47例;Ⅲ型食管裂孔疝11例,Ⅳ型食管裂孔疝9例。统计上述患者术前、术后6个月24 h食管pH监测、食管测压、GERD Q量表评分及术后并发症等,回顾性分析腹腔镜短松Nissen胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流病的临床疗效。结果本组患者无围手术期死亡,术后无严重并发症发生,术后患者反流症状均较术前明显改善,反流时间、反流次数、酸反流时间百分比、长反流次数及DeMeester评分较术前明显降低( P<0.05),术后GERD Q量表评分较术前明显减低(P<0.05);食管下段括约肌(LES)压力较术前明显提高(P<0.05)。随访中位数时间10个月,随访过程中无复发。结论腹腔镜短松Nissen胃底折叠术可有效抑制反流症状,提高LES压力,既达到抗反流目的,又降低了术后吞咽困难的发生率,值得临床推广。%Objective To consider the efficacy of laparoscopic Floppy Nissen fundoplication treatment of hiatal hernia combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Methods Statistics 149 patients′medical record information of hiatal hernia combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease that underwent laparoscopic Floppy Nissen fundoplication in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region People′s Hospital from October 2012 to January 2015. 82 cases wereⅠtype hiatal hernia,47 cases wereⅡtype hiatal hernia,11 cases wereⅢtype hiatal hernia,9 cases were IV type hiatal hernia. Statistical these patients 24 hours esophageal PH monitoring,esophageal manometry,GERD Q score and postoperative complications before surgery and 6 months postoperative

  18. 传统缝合修补对比补片修补治疗巨大食管裂孔疝的 Meta 分析%Meta-analysis of suture repair versus mesh repair for large hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张扬; 袁志民; 任捷艺; 邓先兆; 康杰; 伍波; 樊友本

    2015-01-01

    目的:本研究通过 Meta 分析对传统缝合修补与补片修补在治疗巨大食管裂孔疝的效果和安全性进行评价。方法检索 Pubmed、Embase 和 Cochrane 数据库所有已发表的有关传统缝合修补对比补片修补治疗巨大食管裂孔疝的临床研究。主要评价指标为复发率和并发症。结果5项临床试验符合标准入选 Meta 分析,共有465名研究对象纳入分析。合并分析表明,初次食管裂孔疝传统缝合修补组的复发率是补片修补组的2.5~4倍。长期观察(>6个月)表明,补片修补组复发危险度 OR =0.48(95% CI,0.22~1.01,P =0.05);随访期内没有观察到因补片引起的脏器损伤。结论补片修补治疗巨大食管裂孔疝是安全的,在降低术后复发率方面优于传统缝合修补,但长期效果有待更多高质量的长期随机对照试验来进一步明确。%Objective This review is to provide an up-to-date assessment of superiority between suture repair and mesh repair of large hiatal hernia.Methods An Internet search was performed of the Pubmed,Embase,and Cochrane Library databases to find all published therapeutic trials of suture repair versus mesh repair technique in large hiatal hernia.Only clinical studies of levels I evidence were included. The primary outcome was hernia recurrence rate.Results 5 clinical trials of 465 large hiatal hernia repair patients were included in the meta-analysis.The pooled overall analysis showed an approximately 2.5-fold to 4-fold increased risk of recurrence in primary hiatal defect suture repair compared to mesh repair.In subgroup analysis,studies in the long-term( >6 months)group showed that the OR was 0.48(95% CI,0.22 to 1.01, P =0.05).The majority of the trials had at least one serious bias in study design.Conclusion Mesh-reinforced hiatal hernia repair is associated with an approximately 2.5-fold to 4-fold decreased risk of recurrence in comparison with simple

  19. Reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia as concomitant abnormality in patients presenting with active duodenal or gastric ulcer: cross-sectional endoscopic study in consecutive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loffeld, R J.L.F.; van der Putten, A B.M.M.

    2002-05-01

    BACKGROUND: Follow-up studies have shown that patients with ulcer disease are at risk of developing reflux esophagitis (RE) after successful eradication of Heliobacter pylori. It is still not clear whether this is induced by eradication of H. pylori or whether RE is already present at the time the ulcer is diagnosed. A cross-sectional study was done in consecutive patients suffering from active ulcer disease in order to assess coincidental RE. METHODS: Patients with an active duodenal or gastric ulcer were included in the study. Concomitant RE and the presence of hiatal hernia (HH) were scored. Biopsy specimens were taken for detection of H. pylori. RESULTS: In 375 patients (77%), an active duodenal ulcer was the only abnormality. In 43 patients (8.8%), duodenal ulcer and concomitant RE were present and 69 patients (14.2%) had a duodenal ulcer with concomitant HH. Patients with a duodenal ulcer were significantly younger than patients with concomitant RE or HH. From 374 patients (76.8%) with a duodenal ulcer, biopsy specimens were available for the detection of H. pylori. The majority of duodenal ulcer patients were H. pylori-positive. H. pylori was significantly more often present in patients with an active duodenal ulcer than it was in duodenal ulcer patients suffering from concomitant RE (P=0.04). In 218 patients (76%), a gastric ulcer was the only abnormality. Fifteen patients (5.2%) also had RE and 54 patients (18.8%) had a concomitant HH. There was no difference in H. pylori status in these three groups of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Given the low prevalence of concomitant RE, it is concluded that this condition is likely to occur in a large percentage of patients suffering from H. pylori-positive ulcer disease after successful eradication therapy.

  20. The clinical analysis of esophageal hiatal hernia misdiagnosed as coronary heart disease in 32 cases%食管裂孔疝误诊为冠心病32例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟英慧; 郝咏刚; 李海涛; 安萍; 邹文; 尹伟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of esophageal hiatal hernia similar to coronary heart disease,in order to reduce the misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis of hiatal hernia.Methods From January 2000 to December 201 3,32 cases of who presented a chest pain were diagnosed as hiatal hernia in our hospital.The clinical manifestations,causes and mitigation methods,ECG,and etc.were analyzed. Hiatal hernia was diagnosed by two methods:electronic gastroscopy and X-ray upper gastrointestinal contrast. Results The patients initially received drug treatment,such as antacids and drugs for promoting esophageal, gastric emptying.24 patients were improved and then discharged from hospital.While,8 conversions to surgical treatment were necessary due to failure of drug treatment.Conclusions Esophageal hiatus hernia may have similar symptoms with coronary heart disease.For aged patients with chest pain,in addition to the consideration of coronary heart disease,we should give X ray or gastroscopy examination in time,to improve the detection rate and to reduce the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of hiatal hernia.%目的:探讨症状酷似冠心病的食管裂孔疝的临床特点,以减少该病误诊或漏诊的发生。方法对2000年1月至2013年12月,北京市普仁医院诊断的伴有胸痛的食管裂孔疝32例患者的临床表现、诱因与缓解方法、心电图表现等方面进行分析,食管裂孔疝的诊断采用电子胃镜检查及X线上消化道造影二种方法。结果32例患者的首先给予药物治疗以抑酸剂促进食管、胃排空药物等。24例患者症状明显缓解,好转出院。8例患者上述药物治疗效果失败转外科手术治疗。结论食管裂孔疝的症状与冠心病相似,对于中老年胸痛患者,除了考虑冠心病以外,应及时行X线检查或胃镜检查,可提高食管裂孔疝的检出率,以减少误诊和漏诊的发生。

  1. 食管裂孔疝的症状与治疗%Symptom and treatment of hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴铁镛

    2005-01-01

    食管裂孔疝(Hernia Hiatus,HH)是一种常见病,自1963年始我国不少专家从不同方面对HH进行了探索和研究,近10年中就有200余篇论文发表。对HH的诊断需给予更多关注,HH诊断水平有待进一步提高。

  2. Tela de polipropileno no reparo laparoscópico de grandes hérnias hiatais: aspectos técnicos The polypropylene mesh in the laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernias: technical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Brandalise

    2012-12-01

    observadas complicações (estenose ou erosão relacionadas com a prótese. CONCLUSÃO: O uso do modelo de prótese de polipropileno descrito é seguro, desde que observados os aspectos técnicos de sua implantação.BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive surgery has gained rapidly important role in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, the best method to treat large paraesophageal hernias (type III and IV is still under discussion. The use of prosthetics for enhancing the crural repair has been proposed by several authors in order to reduce the high relapse rates found in these patients. AIM: To demonstrate the technique and surgical results in using an idealized polypropylene mesh for the strengthening of the cruroraphy in large hiatal hernias. METHODS: Was applied the polypropylene mesh to reinforce the hiatal closure in large hernias - types II to IV in Hill's classification - with a primary or recurrent hiatal defect greater than 5 cm, in a series of 70 patients. The prosthesis was done cutting a polypropylene mesh in a U-shape, adapted to the dimensions found in the intraoperative field and coating the inner edge (which will have direct contact with the esophagus with a silicon catheter. This was achieved by removing a small longitudinal segment of the catheter and then inserting the edge of the cut mesh, fixing with running nylon 5-0 suture. RESULTS: From 1999 to 2012, this technique was used in 70 patients. There were 52 females and 18 males, aged 32-83 years (mean 63 years. In 48 (68.6% patients, paraesophageal hernia was primary and in 22 (31.4%, it was relapse after antireflux surgery. The only case of death in this series (1.4% occurred on 22nd postoperative day in one patient (74 y that had a laceration of the sutures on the fundoplication, causing gastropleural fistula and death. There was no relationship with the use of the prosthesis. A follow-up of six months or more was achieved in 60 patients (85.7%, ranging from six to 146 months (mean 49

  3. Clinical experience of laparoscopy for treating esophageal hiatal hernia in 16 cases%腹腔镜治疗食管裂孔疝16例临床体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜在食管裂孔疝修补术中应用的疗效及安全性.方法 应用腹腔镜对16例食管裂孔疝患者行食管裂孔疝修补术,同时将行Nissen胃底折叠术.结果 16例均顺利完成疝修补术,无中转开腹,未出现并发症.手术时间78~125 min,平均102.8 min.术后平均住院时间为4.3 d.术中失血量为40~180 mL,平均95 mL,均无输血.术后3个月行胃镜复查,显示患者的食道炎均已明显好转,未见消化性溃疡或糜烂性胃炎,术后随访3~30个月,无复发.结论 腹腔镜手术用以治疗食管裂孔疝是安全可行的,有手术损伤小、出血少、患者恢复快、住院时间短等优点,值得临床推广应用.%Objective To explore the effect and safety of the clinical application of laparoscopic repair in esophageal hi-atal hernia. Methods The esophageal hiatal repair was performed in 16 patients with esophageal hiatal hernia by laparoscopy. Meanwhile Nissen fundoplication was performed. Results Hermiorrhaphy in 16 cases were smoothly completed without convert-ing to laparotomy and complications occurrence. The average operation time was 117 min , the intraoperative bleeding amount was 40-180 mL(average 95 mL),without blood transfusion. The gastroscopic examination after postoperative 3 months showed that esophagitis was improved significantly and no peptic ulcers and erosive gastritis were found. No recurrence occurred by 3-30 months follow up. Conclusion Treating esophageal hiatal hernia by laparoscopy is safe and feasible ,has the advantages of little injury,less bleeding,rapid recovery and short hospitalization duration,which is worth clinical popularization and application.

  4. Clinical effect analysis of twenty-four cases with laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair%补片修补食管裂孔疝24例疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿依都·阿不都热依木; 张辅江; 朱学鹏; 姜伟; 郭文江; 克力木; 张成

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the superiority and applicability of patch repair in hiatal hernia surgery. Methods A retrospective analysis from April 2009 to January 2015 in Bazhou People′s Hospital was performed,24 cases were hiatal hernia, the patients underwent patch repair for hiatal hernia, Nissen fundoplication was in 12 cases, Toupet fundoplication in eight cases, Dor fundoplication in four cases. Results 24 patients were operated successfully completely, the operation time were 60 to 200 minutes, average were 120 minutes, blood loss were 20 to 100 ml, mean postoperative hospital stay were 6. 1 days, started to feed in 2 days after operation, drainage tubes were pulled out within 2 days after operation. Followed-up 7 to 46 months,subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema was 1 case,4 cases were with Nissen fundoplication,swallowed hard in one year after the operation, after one year relieved. Conclusion Patch repair for hiatal hernia surgery is safe, reliable, with shorter operative time, less wound, less short-term relapse,less postoperative complications. For hiatal hernia,patch repair is a safe,effective treatment.%目的:探讨补片修补食管裂孔疝术的应用经验。方法回顾性分析2009年4月至2015年1月,新疆巴州人民医院收治的24例食管裂孔疝患者的临床资料,患者均行补片修补食管裂孔疝,其中Nissen胃底折叠术12例,Toupet胃底折叠术8例,Dor胃底折叠术4例。结果24例患者手术均顺利完成,手术时间60~200 min,平均120 min,失血量20~100 ml,术后平均住院6.1 d,术后2 d内进食,引流管在术后2 d内拔出。随访7~46个月,术后皮下纵隔气肿1例,其中4例行Nissen胃底折叠术,术后1年内有明显吞咽因难,1年后吞咽困难症状逐渐缓解。结论补片修补食管裂孔疝术具有安全可靠、手术时间短、创伤小、短期复发少、术后并发症少等优点。对于食管裂孔疝,补片修补食管裂孔疝术是一种安全、有效的治疗方法。

  5. 腹腔镜胃底180°前折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝疗效分析%Curative effect analysis of laparoscopic esophageal hiatal hernia repair and anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张重阳; 田志强; 田霖; 周立芳; 肖彬; 秦鸣放

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication for the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia. Methods The clinical data of 180 patients who under went laparoscopic surgery for esophageal hiatal hernia from September 2008 to June 2013 at Cangzhou hospital of ITWM and Nankai hospital of Tianjin were retrospectively analyzed.All cases were conducted anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication,including patch repair was used in 30 patients and silk sutures were used for the repair of esophageal perforation in the rest patients. Results All operations were performed smoothly,no conversions were needed.After the follow up period of 3 ~ 60 months,the satisfaction rate of operation was 92.31%. The symptoms in most cases were adequately relieved after operation.Endoscopy,radiology were repeated 3 months after surgery. Seven cases had mild symptom recurrence of acid reflux relieved with in 4 months ,no case occurred severely dysphagia and recurrence. Conclusion Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia and 180 degrees partial fundoplication has the following advantages:minimized trauma,quick recovery,safe and reliable effect procedures for hiatal hernia.%目的:探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底180°前折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝疾病的可行性和安全性。方法回顾性分析了沧州市中西医结合医院与天津南开医院2008年9月至2013年6月采用腹腔镜技术治疗的180例食管裂孔疝患者资料,其中30例应用补片修补裂孔,剩余患者丝线缝合裂孔,均加做胃底180°前折叠(Dor手术)。结果手术顺利,无中转开腹者。术后随访3~60个月,手术效果满意率92.31%,术后3个月复查胃镜、上消化道造影等检查基本恢复正常。其中7例患者术后早期出现轻度反酸、烧心症状,均在4个月内通过保守治疗好转,无复发病例,无严重吞咽

  6. Effect of biological mesh on hiatal hernia repair: One-year follow-up%生物补片修补食管裂孔疝的效果:1年随访

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚国良; 姚琪远; 花荣; 俞建平

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair had achieved good therapeutic effect, there is a debate add ressing whether the biological mesh was used for surgery.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with biological mesh.METHODS: To retrospectively analyze clinical data of 57 patients with esophageal hiatal hernia, all of whom were accepted su rgical treatment at Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from November 2006 to June 2009, including 24 cases with simple diaphragm feet suture and Nissen fu ndoplication (control group), 33 cases with simple diaphragm feet suture and Nissen fundoplication were undergoing mesh reforcement simultaneously (experimental group). The therapeutic results of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair were compared and analyzed with or without mesh.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: During 1 year follow-up, there was no significant difference between the control and experimental groups, including recurrence rate, patient satisfactory and symptom control (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, the intraoperative and postoperative com plications were not increased in experimental group; meanwhile, operation interval and hospital stay were not significantly longer either (P > 0.05). The short-term follow-up results showed that laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with mesh was safe and effective, but indications should be strictly controlled.%背景:尽管腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补已取得良好的治疗效果,但对术中是否应该使用生物补片仍存在争议.目的:分析生物补片修补腹腔镜食管裂孔疝的效果.方法:回顾性分析2006-11/2009-06在复旦大学附属华山医院实施手术的57例食管裂孔疝患者临床资料,其中单纯膈肌脚缝合+Nissen胃底折叠24例(对照组),单纯膈肌脚缝合+Nissen胃底折叠同时行补片加强33例(实验组).对比分析使用补片和未使用补片的治疗结果.结果与结论:术后随访1年,实验组与

  7. Ultrasonic diagnosis of nontramatic hiatal gastric hernia of esophagus in middle-aged and elderly people%中老年人非外伤性食管裂孔疝的超声诊断研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王子干; 许春梅; 朱建常; 周峰; 岳静; 张楠; 毛艳谨; 陈宝娟

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨经腹超声诊断中老年人非外伤性食管裂孔疝的临床床价值.方法 采用空腹及饮水胃充盈法,对32例患者进行半坐位或立位、仰卧位与仰卧右前斜位超声检查,并与X线钡餐造影、内镜检查或(和)手术对照.结果 滑动性食管裂孔疝29例,嵌入性疝3例,超声诊断符合率100%.声像图直接征象为膈肌食管裂孔增宽(≥1.37 cm)、膈上疝囊及疝囊中可见胃黏膜回声,三者显示率分别为100%、100%、15.6%.结论 经腹超声可简便、准确地诊断中老年人非外伤性食管裂孔疝.%Objective To discuss the clinical values of transabdominal ultrasonic diagnosis of nontraumatic hiatal gastric hernia of esophagus in middle-aged and elderly people.Methods Thirty-two cases were examined with fasting and filing methods in half-sitting,standing,supine and supine right anterior oblique positions.The findings were contrasted with X-ray barium meal examination,endoscopy and operation.Results Twenty-nine cases were of sliding hiatal gastric hernia of esophagus,3 of impacted hernia.The ultrasonic diagnosis coincidence rate was 100%.The signs and symtoms of acoustic images were widening of esophageal hiatus diaphragmatic muscle(≥1.37 cm),echoes of gastric mucosa were found in superior phrenic hernail sac and inside hernial sac.The display rates were 100%,100%,15.6%respectively.Conclusions The transabdominal ultrasonic diagnosis of nontraumatic hiatal gastric hernia of esophagus in middle-aged and elderly people is brief and accurate.

  8. 氩离子凝固术联合腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术加胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝合并Barrett食管的疗效观察%Clinical study of argon plasma coagulation combined with laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication in the treatment of hiatal hernia with Barrett esophagus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成; 克力木; 李义亮; 苏福增; 李慧灵; 王志; 李赞林; 艾克拜尔; 阿扎提

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of argon plasma coagulation (APC) combined with laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication in the treatment of hiatal hernia associated with Barrett esophagus.Methods A total of 61 cases of hiatal hernias with Barrett esophagus from June 2010 to January 2014 in the Department of Minimal Invasive Surgery, Hernia and Abdominal wall Surgery, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyhur Autonomous Region were prospectively enrolled and were randomly allocated into two groups by computer system.Twenty-nine patients received esomeprazole 40 mg/d after APC treatment for 8 weeks (APC with medicine group).Thirty-two patients underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and Nissen fundoplication after APC treatment (APC with surgery group).All the patients were reviewed by gastroscope and pathologic examination at half a year and one year after operation respectively.Differences of disease improvement and recurrence between the two groups were evaluated.Results In APC with medicine group, the Barrett's esophagus was relieved after one or two times of APC treatment, however, gastroscope and pathology revealed recurrence of Barrett's esophagus in 7 cases at half a year, and cumulative 16 cases of recurrences were detected after one year follow-up (16/29, 55.2%).In APC with surgery group, only one patient had recurrent Barrett's esophagus at half a year, and a total of two at one year follow-up by gastroscope examination(2/32, 6.3%).Significantly low recurrence rate of Barrett's esophagus was observed in APC with surgery group compared to APC with medicine group(P<0.01).Furthermore, recurrent hiatal hernia was detected in only one case in APC with surgery group.No esophageal cancer was found in both groups during follow-up.Conclusion APC combined with laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication is an ideal method for patients with hiatal hernia and Barrett's esophagus.%目的 探讨氩离子凝固术(APC)联合腹

  9. Experience and discussion on esophageal hiatal hernia with Belsey MarkⅣ%食管裂孔疝 Belsey MarkⅣ手术治疗的经验及探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张哲; 王伦青; 张璐; 刘廷兴; 尹志伊; 范兴龙

    2015-01-01

    目的回顾性分析食管裂孔疝Belsey MarkⅣ手术患者的临床特点及修补手术的方法、安全性及临床效果,并对该手术的应用进行进一步的探讨。方法回顾性分析2006年10月至2014年6月,青岛市市立医院15例食管裂孔疝接受疝修补术患者的临床资料。其中男6例,女9例,年龄58~84岁,平均74.5岁,伴随其他疾病14例。结果15例患者均顺利完成手术,手术时间61~130 min,平均108 min;手术出血10~110 ml,平均25 ml;术后住院5~21 d,平均住院9 d。随访期内无死亡患者。1例重度吞咽困难患者经扩张后好转,1例出现食管破裂并发症,经再次手术行食管部分切除食管胃吻合术治愈,未发现食管裂孔疝症状性复发患者。结论 Belsey MarkⅣ手术修补食管裂孔疝相对安全可靠,尽管手术创伤较大,但是一项安全有效的手术方式,能够取得良好的临床效果,是复杂以及复发食管裂孔疝治疗的可靠选择。%Objective To analysis the clinical feature , safety and efficacy of Belsey Mark Ⅳoperation for the esophageal hiatal hernia .The role of Belsey MarkⅣoperation was discussed.Methods There were 15 patients with esophageal hiatal hernia (6 males and 9 females,age ranged from 58 to 84 years old, 74.5 years old in average ) received Belsey MarkⅣoperation in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from October 2006 to June 2014 .There were 14 patients accompanied with other disease .Results All 15 patients were underwent Belsey MarkⅣsuccessfully.The operation time were 108 minutes in average(61-130 minutes)and blood loss were 10-110 ml,25 ml in average.Mean postoperative hospital stay were 9 days(5-21 days).No mortality was found .One patient with serious dysphagia was treated with dilatation .Esophagectomy was performed on a patient with esophageal rupture after Belsey Mark Ⅳoperation .No symptom recurrence was found.Conclusion Esophageal hiatal hernia was common

  10. Laparoscopic mesh for massive esophageal hiatal hernia%腹腔镜下应用专用补片治疗巨大食管裂孔疝的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹富胜; 秦鸣放; 蔡旺; 赵宏志

    2010-01-01

    Objective To assess the clinical outcome of massive hiatal hernia repair by mesh via laparoscopic approach. Methods A total of 31 patients with massive hiatal hernia who underwent laparoscopic repair from March 2005 to January 2009 were enrolled in the study, among which mesh was used in 20 patients. The clinical outcomes of these patients were compared with other 11 patients without mesh repair procedures. Results Surgical repair, combined with Dor fundoplication, was successful in all 31 cases.Five patients in the mesh group developed post-operative recurrent symptoms, 2 ( 10% ) of whom were confirmed by imaging study. Six patients in non-mesh group had recurrent symptoms after operation and 4 (36. 4% ) were confirmed. Conclusion Laparoscopic repair of massive hiatal hernia is technially demanding with a high post-operative recurrent rate. Administration of intro-operative mesh can reduce the difficulty of the procedure and recurrence as well.%目的 总结腹腔镜下应用复合专用补片行食管裂孔疝修补术的效果.方法 2005年3月至2009年1月,对31例巨大食管裂孔疝患者行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术,20例使用补片,11例未使用补片,效果进行对比.结果 31例患者都成功完成修补手术,并加Dor胃底前折叠术.补片组20例中出现复发症状5例(25%),影像检查证实疝复发2例(10%);非补片组11例中出现症状复发6例(54.5%),4例(36.4%)疝复发.结论 腹腔镜治疗巨大食管裂孔疝操作难度大,术后易复发,利用复合专用补片可明显降低治疗食管裂孔的难度,降低复发率.

  11. Anti-adhesive composix mesh in laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair%防粘连复合补片在腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田书瑞; 马松松; 吴继敏; 汪忠镐; 胡志伟; 纪涛; 邓昌荣; 战秀岚; 田鑫帅; 张玉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To review the experience using anti-adhesive composix mesh in laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair. Methods Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair was done with anti-adhesive composix mesh on 120 patients from Sep 2009 to Nov 2013. Results All the operations were performed successfully. The duration of surgery was (72 ±22) (42-130) min. Intraoperative blood loss was (12 ±14) (0-50) mL without blood transfusion. Posteperative hospital stay was (3.5 ±1.6) (2-7) days. All the patients were followed up for 6-48 months. The respiratory symptoms disappeared completely in 33%patients and reduced in 59% patients at different extents. Patient satisfaction was 93%. Anatomic recurrence was 6 cases and symptomatic recurrence 2 cases. Mesh complications was not found. Conclusions Based on indications strictly, laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair using anti-adhesive composix mesh is safe and effective.%目的:探讨防粘连复合补片在腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术中的应用。方法:2009年9月至2013年11月,对本院120例食管裂孔疝病人应用防粘连复合补片行腹腔镜裂孔疝修补术。结果:手术均成功,平均手术时间(72±22)(42~130) min。平均术中出血量(12±14)(0~50) mL,无输血。术后平均住院时间为(3.5±1.6)(2~7) d。术后随访6~48个月,33%的病人呼吸道症状完全消失,59%的病人不同程度缓解。满意度达93%。解剖学复发6例,其中症状复发2例,无补片并发症发生。结论:严格掌握手术适应证,防粘连复合补片在腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术中的应用安全有效。

  12. 腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病的临床体会%Clinical experiences on treating hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux diseases by laparoscopy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠; 左旭辉; 肖越华; 王卫斌; 周旺; 唐果

    2013-01-01

    Objective; To evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic treatment for hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux diseases. Methods; The clinical data of 36 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery (n =20) and laparotomy (n - 16) for hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease from Jan. 2009 to Nov. 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, periods of antibiotic use, postoperative gastrointestinal functional recovery time and postoperative complications were served as observational indicators. Results;Twenty patients were treated by laparoscopic operation (55. 6% ) and 16 patients were treated by open surgery (44. 4% ). The laparoscopic group showed more advantages over open group on operation time,intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, periods of antibiotic use, postoperative gastrointestinal functional recovery time and postoperative complications (P<0.05). Conclusions; Laparoscopic treatment for hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux diseases is safe and reliable,it has wide prospect of clinical application.%目的:探讨腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病的临床疗效及安全性.方法:回顾分析2009年1月至2012年11月36例食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病患者的临床资料,20例行腹腔镜手术(腹腔镜组),16例行开腹手术(开腹组).观察两组患者手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间、术后抗生素使用时间、术后胃肠道功能恢复时间及术后并发症.结果:腹腔镜组手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间、术后抗生素使用时间、术后胃肠道功能恢复时间及术后并发症发生率均显著优于开腹组(P<0.05).结论:腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病安全、可靠,具有广阔的临床应用前景.

  13. Application Effect of Patch in Treatment of Esophageal Hiatal Hernia Under Laparoscope%腹腔镜下应用补片治疗食管裂孔疝的效果评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛刚; 王耿泽; 王建锋; 厉冰

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the effect of patch in the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia under laparoscopic repair.Methods 120 cases of patients with esophageal hiatal herniain our hospital from November 2013 to November 2015 were selected as the study subjects. 120 patients were randomly divided into two groups,for the study group and the control group. Two groups of patients used laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal herniarepair. The control group did not use the patch for treatment,While the study group was treated with patch. Analysis of therapeutic effect and recurrence rate after operation. Results The operation time and postoperative hospital stay in the study group were lower than that in the control group. The patients in the study group were successfuly operated,The success rate of treatment in the control group was 65.0%,The difference was statisticaly significant(P<0.05). The recurrence rate was 11.7% in the study group and 23.3% in the control group,the difference was statisticaly significant(P<0.05).Conclusion For the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia,in the laparoscopic repair of the repair effect of patch in the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia is better. Not only has the advantages of less trauma and quick recovery time,but also can reduce the recurrence rate of patients.%目的:分析腹腔镜下应用补片治疗食管裂孔疝的效果。方法选取我院在2013年11月~2015年11月收取的120例食管裂孔疝患者为研究对象,随机对120例患者进行分组,为研究组和对照组,两组患者在腹腔镜下行食管裂孔疝修补术,对照组未使用补片进行治疗,而研究组则使用补片进行治疗。分析治疗效果和术后复发率情况。结果研究组患者的手术时间以及术后住院时间均比对照组低;研究组患者手术均成功,对照组患者的治疗成功率为65.0%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);研究组患者的复发率11.7%,对

  14. ~(99)Tc同位素扫描诊断食管裂孔疝及GER的临床观察%Observation on GER by ~(99)Tc Scanning in Hiatal Hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李心元; 王慧贞; 李正; 权重碌; 刘中标; 潘杰

    1989-01-01

    本文采用~(99)Tc同位素扫描对12例食管裂孔疝行术前和术后检查.结果证明~(99)Tc同位素扫描可确定GER的程度.这对术式的选择,术后疗效的评定都是一项客观指标.同时还介绍了同位素扫描对GER的诊断,评价,食管裂孔疝与GER的关系.%Many methods have been used in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux (GER).In 12 cases of hiatal hernia (8 males and 4 females),~(99)Tc scanning was used from Nov.1986 to Jan.1988.8 of 9 sliding hernia in this series with GER before operation cured but one remained to have a mild GER of O.1 degree after operation.None of the patients with paraesophageal hernia had GER.The result of isotope scaning helps to decide the operation and to estimate the prognosis.

  15. Clinical characteristics of 9 patienets of hiatal hernias with the first symptom of anemia%以贫血为首发症状的食管裂孔疝9例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏; 王菊香; 黄珍; 李原

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the clinical characteristics and the main points of treatment for the hiatal hernias patients with the first symptom of anemia. [Methods] Analysis of the clinical data of 9 cases of hiatal hernias patients whose first symptom was anemia. All the patients had been given the tests of routine blood,serum iron,serum ferrtin,total i-ron binding capactiy. besides these, they also had done the X ray of chest and upper gastrointestinal radiography. [Results] All the 9 cases met the of criterion of iron deficiency anemia. The mean level of the hemoglobin,serum ferritin,serum i-ron,total iron binding capacity was (52 ± 12)g/L,(3. 0 ± 1. 8)ng/mL,(2. 7 ± 1. 8)μmol/L,(87. 21 ± 5. 78)μmol/L individi-al. All of them did not have the gastrointestinal symptoms such as "abdominal pain, vomitingand melena". The X ray of the chest showed abnormal,the diagnosis of hiatal hernias was proved by upper gastrointestinal radiography. 8 cases had been given surgery, 1 case family refused operation and gave up threatment. [Conclusion] Iron-deficiency anaemia is common for infants,it can be diagnosed easily by the tests of iron metabolism. It is important to find out the cause of iron deficiency, especially congenital malformation gastrointestinal tract such as hiatal hernias. The X-ray of chest should routinely been done to the patient of anemian to avoid misdiagnosis. Surgery is the key factor for the successful treatment.%[目的]探讨以贫血为首发症状的食管裂孔疝患儿的临床特点及诊治要点. [方法] 对9例贫血为首发症状的食管裂孔疝患儿的临床资料进行分析.全部患儿进行了血常规、血清铁、铁蛋白、总铁结合力检测,行胸片、上消化道造影检查. [结果]9例均符合缺铁性贫血诊断标准.就诊时血红蛋白值为(52±12)g/L,铁蛋白值为(3.0±1.8)ng/mL,血清铁值为(2.7±1.8)μmol/L,总铁结合力值为(87.21±5.78)μmol/L.所有患儿均无“呕吐、呕

  16. Clinical effect analysis of four-port laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair%四孔法行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿依都·阿不都热依木; 张辅江; 朱学鹏; 米力坎; 郭文江; 克力木; 张成

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the superiority and feasibility of four-port laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair.Methods A total of 1 2 patients of hiatal hernia underwent four-port laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair between April 2009 and January 201 3 at Xinjiang Bazhou People′s Hospital,and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed,including 6 Nissen,4 Toupet and 2 Dor fundoplication.Results All operations were successfully completed,and the mean operation time was 1 20 minutes (range 60 to 200 minutes),blood loss was 20 to 1 00 ml,no intraoperative complications occurred.After repair,the mean duration of hospitalization was 6.4 days,food taking and drain removal were after 2 days.During 7 to 46 months follow-up,there was postoperative subcutaneous pneumomediastinum in 1 case.2 patients with Nissen procedure developed obvious dysphagia,which improved at the 1-year follow-up.Conclusions Four-port laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair has the advantages of safety,short operation time,minimally invasion,less short-term recurrence,and few postoperative comlications.It has proven to be a safe and effective procedure for esophageal hiatus.%目的:探讨四孔法腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术的优越性及可应用性。方法回顾性分析2009年4月至2013年1月,新疆巴州人民医院收治的12例食管裂孔疝患者的临床资料,患者均行四孔法腹腔镜裂孔疝修补术,其中Nissen胃底折叠术6例,Toupet胃底折叠术4例,Dor胃底折叠术2例。结果12患者手术均顺利完成,手术时间60~200 min,平均120 min,失血量20~100 ml,术后平均住院6.4 d,术后2 d内进食,引流管在术后2 d内拔出。随访7~46个月,术后皮下纵膈气肿1例,其中2例行 Nissen 胃底折叠术术后1年内有明显吞咽困难,1年后吞咽困难症状逐渐缓解。结论四孔法行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术具有安全可靠、手术时间短、创伤小、短期复发少、术后并发症

  17. 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术143例临床分析%Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair: a clinical analysis of 143 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宏志; 秦鸣放; 王庆; 勾承月; 李宁

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility and clinical value of laparoscopic surgery in treating patients with hiatal hernia. Methods From June 2001 to February 2010, 143 cases of hiatal hernia were enrolled to undertake laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair at Nankai Hospital of Tianjin City. Laparoscopic fundoplication was performed concomitantly in some cases if appropriate. Paraoperative clinical parameters were recorded and analyzed. All cases were followed up routinely. Clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results All 143 cases of laparoscopic operations were accomplished successfully. No conversions were needed. Mean operation time was 86 minutes (range: 55-210 minutes). Mean intraoperative blood lose was 76 mL (range: 40-150 mL). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.6 days (range: 3-21 days). Clinical symptoms were relieved in all cases. No mortality and severe complications were noted.Mean follow up period was 3.8 years (range: 3 months to 9 years). Rate of satisfaction for operation was 91.67%. Mild dysphagia occurred in 8 cases. Reflux recurrence occurred in 5 cases, in whom 4 cases were controlled by antacid medicine and 1 case need open surgical revision. Conclusion Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair has the advantages of minimal trauma, fast recovery, safe and high reliability.%目的 探讨腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝的可行性和临床应用价值.方法 对2001年6月至2010年2月天津市南开医院143例食管裂孔疝行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术的资料进行分析.结果 143例均完成腹腔镜手术,无中转开腹病例,手术时间55~210min,平均86min;术中出血量40~150mL,平均76mL;术后住院时间3~21d.平均4.6d.术后临床症状均得到缓解,无严重并发症及死亡病例.134例得到随访,随访时间3个月至9年,平均3.8年,手术结果满意率91.67%.8例进固体食物时有轻度哽噎感,5例反酸症状复发,其中4例应用抑酸药物后可控制,1例行开腹手术治疗.结论

  18. Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia: an analysis of 129 cases%腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术治疗食管裂孔疝129例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 秦鸣放

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨两种腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝疾病的有效性.方法 回顾性分析了天津市微创外科中心于2001-03/2009-02 采用腹腔镜技术治疗的129 例食管裂孔疝患者资料.按照术式的不同分成2 组:Nissen 组53 例,采用Nissen 全360°胃底折叠术; Dor 组76 例,采用Dor 前180°胃底折叠术.结果 手术顺利,无死亡病例.30 例患者(N 组16 例,D 组14 例)术后早期出现吞咽不适,21 例4 mo 内自行缓解.3 例(Nissen 组)持续吞咽困难患者半年后行内镜下食管扩张治疗.6 例疝复发(Nissen 组1例,Dor 组5例).手术总体满意率89.15%.结论 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补和胃底折叠术能够有效的治疗食管裂孔疝疾病.Dor 前180°胃底折叠术能够降低Nissen 全360°胃底折叠术由于折叠过紧、迷走神经分支损伤带来的腹胀、吞咽不畅等相关并发症的发生率,但是抗反流效果仍较后者为弱.%AIM: To evaluate the clinical effects of two dif ferent laparoscopic procedures in the manage ment of esophageal hiatal hernia.METHODS: The clinical data for 129 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for esoph ageal hiatal hernia from March 2001 to February 2009 at our hospital were retrospectively ana lyzed. All patients were divided into two groups based on the laparoscopic procedure used: Nis sen group (360° fundoplication, n = 53) or Dor group (anterior 180° fundoplication, n = 76).RESULTS: All operations were performed smoothly. No death occurred. Thirty patients (16 in the Nissen group and 14 in the Dor group) de veloped dysphagia after surgery, and 21 of them relieved within four months. Three patients in the Nissen group received esophageal dilata tion for persistent dysphagia. Six months later, six patients had recurrence. The satisfaction rate was 89.51%.CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia is an effective way to treat hiatal hernia. Dor anterior 180

  19. Richter type of incarcerated obturator hernia; misery still continues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayant, Kumar; Agarwal, Rajendra; Agarwal, Swati

    2015-02-03

    Obturator hernia is a rare type of hernia which accounts for only 0.07-1.4% of all intra-abdominal hernias and 0.2-5.8% of small-intestinal obstructions. It develops predominantly in elderly underweight women. It has nonspecific early symptoms, so these hernias are usually discovered only after they have become incarcerated. Incarcerated obturator hernias are usually discovered on abdominal computed tomography scan or emergency surgery due to bowel obstruction. Here we present a case of a 65-year-old female who presented with intermittent abdominal pain, distension and nausea for last 3 days. She was a known case of hypothyroidism, taking Levothyroxine in inadequate dose. Her intial abdominal Xray was showing few air-fluid level with air present in rectum. She was initially managed conservatively but later developed features of peritonitis for which she was operated. In laparotomy, Richter type of right-sided incarcerated obturator hernia was discovered with a small necrotic area and perforation of small bowel. Bowel resection was performed and obturator hernia was closed with interrupted sutures. The patient recovered without complications. Obturator hernia, due to its rarity and nonspecific early symptoms, can still be misleading even to the most experienced clinicians. Delay in diagnosis of obturator hernia can lead to bowel necrosis and perforation with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality.

  20. Does the Presence of a Hiatal Hernia Affect the Efficacy of the Reflux Inhibitor Baclofen During Add-On Therapy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Beaumont; G.E.E. Boeckxstaens

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Reflux inhibitors, like the gamma-aminobutyric acid type B (GABA(B)) receptor agonist, baclofen, block transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) and are proposed as an add-on therapy in patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-resistant gastroesophageal reflux. However,

  1. Comparative study of the treatment of hiatal hernia simple suture and mesh reinforcement%单纯缝合和补片加固治疗食管裂孔疝的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 张伟; 单成祥; 姜治国; 刘晟; 江道振; 郑向民; 仇明

    2014-01-01

    目的:对比单纯膈肌脚缝合法和补片加固修补法治疗食管裂孔疝的效果,评价复发率和并发症。方法回顾性分析2002年1月至2012年12月,第二军医大学附属长征医院行腹腔镜下食管裂孔疝修补术胃食管反流病患者77例的临床资料。根据是否应用补片加固分为二组,其中31例采用单纯膈肌脚缝合法,为 A 组;46例采用补片加固修补法,为 B 组。分析单纯缝合及补片加固缝合术后食管裂孔疝的复发率及补片相关并发症。结果从短期随访结果看,B 组术后 Visick 评分明显高于 A 组(P =0.007),反流症状明显改善;A 组食管裂孔疝复发率明显高于 B 组,差异无统计学意义,术后吞咽困难发生率比较,差异无统计学意义。从长期随访结果看,B 组的手术满意度明显高于 A 组(P =0.019),A 组食管裂孔疝复发率明显高于 B 组,接近于统计学差异(P =0.05),术后吞咽困难发生率差异无统计学意义。结论补片加固缝合可显著改善反流相关症状,提高患者满意度并降低食管裂孔疝复发的风险,但没有显著增加补片相关并发症的风险,这可能与补片材质、使用指征及固定技巧的改进密切相关。%Objective To compare the efficacy of simple suture and mesh repair for esophageal hiatal hernia and to evaluate recurrence and complications.Methods The study retrospectively included 77 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who underwent laparoscopic esophageal hiatal hernia repair from January 2002 to December 2012.According to the application of mesh reinforcement,patients were divided to 2 groups.Thirty-one patients who underwent simple suture were allocated into A group while 46 patients who underwent mesh reinforcement were allocated into B group.Recurrence and complications were both evaluated.Results For the short-term results,Visick score was higher in B group compared

  2. Type 4 appendiceal diverticulum within a de Garengeot hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, S H; Coveney, E

    2016-09-01

    A de Garengeot hernia is defined as an incarcerated femoral hernia containing the vermiform appendix. We describe the case of a patient with a type 4 appendiceal diverticulum within a de Garengeot hernia and delineate valuable learning points. A 76-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of a non-reducible painless femoral mass. Outpatient ultrasonography demonstrated a 36mm × 20mm smooth walled, multiloculated, partially cystic lesion anterior to the right inguinal ligament in keeping with an incarcerated femoral hernia. Intraoperatively, the appendix was found to be incarcerated in the sac of the femoral hernia and appendicectomy was performed. Histopathology demonstrated no evidence of inflammation in the appendix. However, an incidental appendiceal diverticulum was identified. It is widely recognised that a de Garengeot hernia may present with concomitant appendicitis, secondary to raised intraluminal pressure in the incarcerated appendix. Appendiceal diverticulosis is also believed to develop in response to raised pressure in the appendix and may therefore develop secondary to incarceration in a de Garengeot hernia. To our knowledge, only one such case has been described in the literature. A de Garengeot hernia is a rare entity, which poses significant diagnostic challenges. A high index of clinical suspicion is necessary as these hernias are at particularly high risk of perforation and so prompt surgical management is paramount.

  3. Technical modification for laparoscopic giant hiatal hernias repair%腹腔镜巨大食管裂孔疝修补改良术的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙向宇; 秦鸣放; 吴瑜; 赵宏志; 戴其利

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of technical modification for laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernias.Methods A total of 49 patients with giant hiatal hernia underwent modified laparoscopic repair by dissecting sac, closing hiatal, mesh placement and fundoplication from June 2010 to May 2014.The operation time, hospitalization time, postoperative complications, upper gastrointestinal imaging and improvement of postoperative symptoms were observed.Results The average operation time was (103.6 ±31.7) min(88-173min).The average length of post operation hospitalization was (4.2 ± 1.8) d (range,3-12d).Postoperative complication occurred in 4 patients,including pleural effusion (1 patient),respiratory failure (1 patient), difficulty in swallowing (2 patients)with complication occurrence rate being 8.2% (4/49).No conversion or death occurred.The average time of follow-up was (28.3 ± 12.7) months (6-50 months) in 49 cases.During the follow-up, main symptoms were relieved and no recurrence was found by barium swallow.Conclusion Technical modification for laparoscopic repair of giant hiatal hernias is safe and effective.%目的 探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补改良术治疗巨大食管裂孔疝的安全性及有效性.方法 2010年6月至2014年5月,采用腹腔镜疝囊完全分离、关闭食管裂孔至正常、放置双面复合补片、联合胃底折叠术的改良技术治疗49例巨大食管裂孔疝.观察手术时间、住院时间、术后并发症,术后上消化道造影和症状改善状况随访.结果 手术时间为(103.6±31.7)min(88~173 min),术后住院时间(4.2±1.8)d(3 ~12 d).4例出现并发症,肺感染伴胸腔积液1例,呼吸衰竭1例,吞咽困难2例,并发症发生率8.2%(4/49).无中转及死亡病例.49例术后平均随访(28.3±12.7)个月(6~50个月),术后主要症状改善显著,上消化道造影无食管裂孔疝复发.结论 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补改良术治疗巨大食管裂孔疝是安全、有效的.

  4. The search for ideal hernia repair; mesh materials and types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilsel, Yilmaz; Abci, Ilker

    2012-01-01

    Hernia surgery continues to draw the attention of surgeons, patients, and the industry. This strong interest has driven the establishment of professional medical societies with the sole purpose of furthering the understanding of hernias and hernia repair. In the more than 100 years of development, industry has played a major role in advancing the technology to perfect the performance of hernia repair with the hope of establishing the "best" technique and its associated technology. However, with the development of newer prosthetics and approaches to hernia repair, many surgeons do not fully understand the properties of the available prosthetics. The goal of this review is to highlight the different types of meshes in an effort to clarify to surgeons what types of materials are available to them and how to select an appropriate one for a given case.

  5. Dynamic analysis of lower esophageal sphincter in hiatal hernia patients%食管裂孔疝患者食管下括约肌动力学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿力木江麦斯依提; 阿扎提江; 克力木; 张成; 艾克拜尔

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the characteristics of high resolution manometry of lower esophageal sphincter (LES)in the patients with esophageal hiatus hernia.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients diagnosed with hiatal hernia in Xinjiang Uygur Municipal People′s Hospital between August 2012 and July 2014.The data of patients′high resolution manometry were collected to compare the morphology and dynamic characteristics of the gastroesophageal junction.Results A total of 400 cases of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)were enrolled into this study,and 204 of them (51%) were diagnosed as hiatal hernia.The complete overlap rate of LES and crura was 4.75%.Compared with general GERD,the patients with hiatal hernia had a lower minimum resting pressure,average resting pressure,maximum residual pressure,average residual pressure (t =5.618,5.547,5.854,5.712,P all =0.000).While there were no differences between these two groups regarding esophageal body motility,such as average peristaltic wave duration,distal contractile integral,contractile front velocity and so on (t =0.816,1.165,1.215,P =0.415,0.245,0.225).Conclusions Esophageal hiatal hernia or incoordination pressure resulting from incomplete overlap of LES and crurapressure,lead to the weakened anti-reflux function,which cause the pathological gastroesophageal reflux.High resolution manometry can provide accurate and direct information for esophageal dynamics of hiatal hernia,which can make an important role of diagnosis,treatment and follow-up.%目的:探讨食管裂孔疝患者食管下括约肌的高分辨率食管测压特点。方法回顾性分析2012年8月至2014年7月,新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院确诊为食管裂孔疝患者的高分辨率食管测压结果,对比分析胃食管连接处形态与动力学特点。结果纳入本研究的400例胃食管反流病患者中204例伴有食管裂孔疝,约占51%。食管下括约肌(LES)与膈肌脚完全重叠率4

  6. Clinical application of tension-free repair in laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair%无张力疝修补技术在腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧宇; 李晨; 田文

    2015-01-01

    Objective To detect clinical outcome of laparoscopic hiatal hernia tension-free repair. Methods Clinical data and follow-up results of 74 patients who underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in our hospital from July 2010 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Results All operations were accomplished successfully with an average operation time of 85-185 (107.3±5.6) min, an average operative blood loss of 30-120 (67.2±7.5) ml and an average hospital stay of 3-9 d. Hiatus hernia special patches were placed to repair and reinforce the esophageal hiatus with none complications caused by patch occurred during postoperative follow-up in all operations. Follow up time of 74 patients were 3-53 (31.0±2.1) months. The main symptoms of 66 cases (89%) were alleviated postoperatively, 8 patients still had preoperative main symptoms, heartburn and acid reflux were found in 2 cases, chest pain in 4 cases, nausea and vomiting in 1 case and dysphagia in 2 cases. None HH recurrence occurred as a result of 3 months postoperative digestive barium meal examination. Conclusion Laparoscopic hiatal hernia tension-free repair has the advantages of safety, minimally invasion, effectiveness and feasibility, which is worthy of further development and promotion.%目的:探究腹腔镜食管裂孔无张力疝修补的临床效果。方法回顾性分析2010年7月-2014年10月在解放军总医院普通外科接受腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术的74例患者的临床资料及随访结果。结果74例手术均顺利完成。手术时间85~185(107.3±5.6) min,术中出血量30~120(67.2±7.5) ml。术后住院3~9 d。所有手术均放置食管裂孔疝专用补片予修补并加固食管裂孔,术后随访期间未发生补片引起的并发症。74例患者随访3~53(31.0±2.1)个月。66例(89%)术后主要症状得到缓解,8例患者术后仍有术前不适症状,烧心反酸2例、胸骨后疼痛4例、恶心呕吐1例、吞咽困难2例。术后3个月复查上

  7. Unusual Diaphragmatic Hernias Mimicking Cardiac Masses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Si Hun; Kim, Myoung Gun; Kim, Su Ji; Moon, Jeonggeun; Kang, Woong Chol; Shin, Mi-Seung

    2015-01-01

    Hiatal hernia and Morgagni hernia are sorts of diaphragmatic hernias that are rarely detected on transthoracic echocardiography. Although echocardiographic findings have an important role for differential diagnosis of cardiac masses, we often might overlook diaphragmatic hernia. We report three cases of diaphragmatic hernias having specific features. The first case is huge hiatal hernia that encroaches left atrium with internal swirling flow on transthoracic echocardiography. The second case is a hiatal hernia that encroaches on both atria, incidentally detected on preoperative echocardiography. The third case is Morgagni hernia which encroaches on the right atrium only. So, we need to consider possibility of diaphragmatic hernia when we find a cardiac mass with specific echocardiographic features. PMID:26140154

  8. Laparoscopic repair for giant hiatal hernia:A clinical analysis of 75 patients%腹腔镜巨大食管裂孔疝修补术75例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙向宇; 秦鸣放; 赵宏志; 王庆; 勾承月; 李宁

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic repair for giant hiatal hernia. Methods The clinical data of 75 patients with giant hiatal hernia performed laparoscopic repair between January 2006 and August 2012 in Tianjin Nankai Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The operation time, hospitalization time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, postoperative improvement of symptoms and upper gastrointestinal imaging were studied. Results All the patients were treated by laparoscopy successfully. Fifty-one patients were reinforced with meshes. Twenty-four patients were reinforced without mesh. Hiatal pillars in 40 patients were partly contracted and closed with meshes. Hiatal pillars in 35 patients were directly closed up to normal diameter by interrupted stitches. Among them, 11 patients were placed with meshes. Laparoscopic repair complicated with fundoplication was performed in 64 patients with average operation time of (97.2±2.1)min, average operative blood loss of (82.0±1.7)mL and average hospital stay of (5.0±1.2)d. No conversion and death occurred. Seventeen patients (22.7%) had short-term or long-term complications. Seventy-five patients were followed up for 3 months to 62 months with average of (31.0 ± 2.1)months. Main symptoms of 66 patients (88%) were disappeared. Nine patients (12%)had recurrence of symptoms. Four patients(5.3%)were found recurrence by barium swallow. Conclusion Laparoscopic repair for giant hiatal hernia is safe and reliable. Mesh repair can reduce the recurrence rate but accompanied with risk of complication.%目的:探讨腹腔镜治疗巨大食管裂孔疝手术安全性及有效性。方法回顾性分析2006年1月至2012年8月天津市南开医院微创外科采用腹腔镜治疗75例巨大食管裂孔疝病人的病例资料。观察手术时间、住院时间、术中及术后并发症、术后主观症状和客观检查随访结果。结果75例成功行腹腔镜巨

  9. The association of hiatal hernia with increased risk of respiratory symptoms%食管裂孔疝与呼吸道症状临床相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李治仝; 汪忠镐; 吴继敏; 季锋; 李震; 胡志伟; 高翔; 宁雅婵

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨食管裂孔疝(hiatal hernia,HH)与呼吸道症状相关性.方法 2009年1-12月在胃食管反流中心收集HH住院患者,分别对其性别、年龄、临床症状及诊治进行临床分析.结果 在362例胃食管反流疾病(gastroesophageal reflux disease,GERD)患者中,196例有HH(54.1%),其中132例有呼吸道症状,64例无呼吸道症状,结果显示HH与呼吸道症状有相关性(x2=15.3,P=0).进一步多变量分析研究显示HH能增加呼吸道症状的风险(优势比OR值2.3,95%可信区间CI 1.5~3.6).196例HH患者中,178例行胃底折叠术并裂孔疝修补术,7例行胃底折叠术,11例保守治疗,术后168例疝修补术患者得到随访,平均随访(12±3)个月;7例胃底折叠术患者平均随访(12±4)个月,总有效率85.1%.结论 HH发病隐匿,由于其独特的形成因素,HH能增加反流及呼吸道症状的风险.通过有效的诊断并积极治疗HH,能显著减轻反流及其引起的呼吸道症状.%Objective To observe the correlation between hiatal hernia(HH) and respiratory symptoms.Methods A retrospective data analysis was conducted using electronic medical records of HH patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) enrolled between January and December 2009.Clinical features including sex,age,symptoms,diagnosis,and treatment were analyzed.All the patients were requested to answer a questionnaire regarding the severity and frequency of symptoms to make an evaluating score for the follow-up.Results 362 cases of GERD patients were collected in the Center of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease,196 cases had HH (54.1%),of which 132 cases with respiratory symptoms,64 cases without.All HH patients were analyzed,HH was correlated with respiratory symptoms (x2 =15.3,P =0).Multivariate analyses showed that HH could increase the risk of respiratory symptoms (odds ratio =2.3,95% confidence interval 1.5-3.6).One hundred seventy-eight patients underwent fundoplication plus hernia

  10. 食管裂孔疝与呼吸道症状关系的研究进展%Research Development of The Relationship Between Hiatal Hernia and Respiratory Symptoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    化召辉; 李震; 汪忠镐

    2014-01-01

    目的 介绍食管裂孔疝(hiatal hernia,HH)的现状及其与呼吸道症状关系的研究进展.方法 收集近年来国内外关于HH及其与呼吸道症状关系的相关文献并进行综述.结果 胃食管反流病(gastroesophageal reflux disease,GERD)在人群中普遍存在,常引起喉、气道等食管外症状,极易误诊误治.HH在GERD者中常见;且在因反流引起的食管外症状患者中,并发HH者不在少数.经腔镜积极治疗HH,能显著减轻反流及其引起的呼吸道症状.结论 HH能增加反流所致的呼吸道症状的发生风险,积极治疗HH可明显改善反流引起的呼吸道症状.

  11. Medical image of the week: Bochdalek hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar M

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. A 61 year-old man presented for an evaluation of a nonproductive cough. He has a history of well-controlled asthma, allergic rhinitis and nasal polyposis, hypertension, gastro-esophageal reflux and obstructive sleep apnea. The ACE inhibitor used to treat hypertension was discontinued. The physical exam was unremarkable. Pulmonary function testing was normal. A PA and lateral chest radiograph was performed and revealed an abnormal contour of the left hemidiaphragm with a large lobulated opacity (Figure 1- blue arrows. Computed chest tomography revealed the lobulated opacity in the left lower lobe contained fat and was consistent with a Bochdalek hernia (Figure 2. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a major malformation in newborns and in the perinatal period. The diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in adults is rare. There are three types of congenital diaphragmatic hernias: posterolateral (Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia, subcostosternal (Morgagni hernia and esophageal hiatal hernia. The Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia is the result of ...

  12. Robotic-assisted repair of esophageal hiatal hernia combined with fundoplication:A report of two cases%机器人辅助食管裂孔疝修补术及胃底折叠术2例报告及文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文; 郗洪庆; 卫勃; 马冰; 王麦焕; 麻涛; 周彬; 王勇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical safety and effectivity of da Vinci Si surgery system in repair of esophageal hiatal hernia combined with fundoplication.Methods Robotic-assisted repair of esophageal hiatal hernia combined with fundoplication was performed for two patients in our hospital on March, 2015. Results Repair of esophageal hiatal hernia combined with fundoplication was successfully performed by da Vinci Si surgery system in two patients. There were no operation related complications and without conversions to open surgery. The mean intraoperative blood loss was 25-30 mL. The mean operation time was 175 min. The first flatus and oral feeding were 44 h and 21 h after operation, respectively. Symptoms of the 2 patients were relieved completely.Conclusion Robotic-assisted repair of esophageal hiatal hernia combined with fundoplication is safe, effective. There are certain advantages in terms of suture.%目的:探讨da Vinci Si(达芬奇)机器人辅助行食管裂孔疝修补术及胃底折叠术的安全性及有效性。方法2015年3月,中国人民解放军总医院应用达芬奇机器人外科系统完成2例食管裂孔疝修补术及胃底折叠术。结果2例病人均成功实施机器人辅助食管裂孔疝修补及胃底折叠术,无中转开腹,无手术并发症。术中出血量分别为25、30 mL,手术时间分别为170、180 min。术后分别于44、21 h排气并开始进流食,术后症状完全缓解。结论机器人辅助食管裂孔疝修补术及胃底折叠术安全有效,在裂孔修补缝合方面有一定优势。

  13. 腹腔镜手术治疗1岁以内婴儿食管裂孔疝%Laparoscopic repair of esophageal hiatal hernia in infants Less than one year old.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明; 严志龙; 蔡金晶

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜手术治疗1岁以内婴儿先天性食管裂孔疝的疗效及预后.方法 1999年3月 至2011年7月作者对19例先天性食管裂孔疝患儿实施腹腔镜下胃底折叠术.患儿平均年龄0 52岁,其中0~30 d 3例,31 d至1岁16例.对患儿术前及术后 3个月、6个月、12个月进行评估,以"呕吐、恶心","呼吸道感染"和"营养情况"做视觉模拟评分(VAS),以及食管钡餐造影(GI)和24 h食管PH值监测,并对比结果.结果 均采用腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术及胃底折叠术,其中Nissen-Rosetti's术8例,改良Thal术11例,无中转开腹病例.平均手术时间120(90~170)min,平均住院时间9.25(5~12)d.术后随访伴呕吐及胃食管反流2例,吞咽困难1例,复发1例.食管裂孔疝引起的综合症状 VAS评分术前为5.84±1.54,术后 1、6、12个月分别为1.74±1.85、1.22±1.78、0 61±1 79,手术前后比较,差异均有统计学意义 (P<0 01).结论 采用腹腔镜胃底折叠术治疗婴儿严重胃食管反流的先天性食管裂孔疝,疗效好,恢复快,微创美观、安全可靠.%Objective To investigate the efficacy and outcome of laparoscopic repair for esophageal hiatal hernia in infant Less than one year old. Method Retrospectively analyzed for 19 infants with esophageal hiatal hernia underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair between March 1999 and July 2011 in our hospital. The mean age was 0. 515 years old. (3 cases less than 30 days, 16 cases from 31 days to 1 year old) . Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, including " Vomit and nausea " , " Respiratory tract infection " , " Nutritional status " were evaluated by using visual analogue scales(VAS) preoperatively,and 3,6 and 12 months postoperatively. Results Laparoscopic fundoplication procedure ( 8 cases by Nissen - Rosetti' s fundoplication ,11 cases by modified Thai' s fundoplication) was completed in all the patients. There was no conversion to open surgery. The average operating time was

  14. Acute diaphragmatic rupture following open type IV paraesophageal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reames, Bradley N; Reddy, Rishindra M

    2011-06-01

    Open primary transthoracic repair is a well established treatment for large paraesophageal hernias. The rate of major post-operative complications has been reported to be low, and no cases of acute diaphragmatic injury have previously been reported. Here we present a case of open primary transthoracic repair of a type IV paraesophageal hernia that was complicated by rupture of the left diaphragm in the immediate post-operative period, and was successfully repaired with Gore DualMesh® (W.L Gore and Assoc. Flagstaff, AZ). © JSCR.

  15. 腹腔镜下行食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠术对食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流患者的临床疗效及并发症的影响%Effect and safety of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair combined with fundoplication in hiatal hernia complicated with gastroesophageal reflux disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞向阳; 何艳舫; 赵鹏; 张国志; 王长友; 孙蕊

    2016-01-01

    ,生活、社会状态:(12.4±1.7)分比(10.6±2.1)分,总评分:(115.2±9.4)分比(98.7±10.2)分],差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05).治疗后,对照组患者出现吞咽困难4例、腹部胀气3例及切口感染2例,而观察组患者仅出现吞咽困难2例,观察组患者术后并发症发生率明显低于对照组[5.6% (2/36)比25.0% (9/36)],差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 腹腔镜下行食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝合并胃食管反流,可明显改善患者的胃肠道功能及胃反流症状,提高生存质量及降低术后并发症.%Objective To explore the effect and safety of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair combined with fundoplication in hiatal hernia complicated with gastroesophageal reflux disease.Methods Totally 72 cases of patients with hiatal hernia complicated with gastroesophageal reflux disease from January 2012 to January 2015 were enrolled and randomly divided into control group (36 cases) receiving conventional laparotomy, and observation group (36 cases) receiving laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair combined with fundoplication.The duration of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, recovery time of gastrointestinal function, hospitalization duration, reflux diagnostic questionnaire (RDQ) scores, gastrointestinal quality of life index (GLQI) scores and incidence of complications were compared between groups.Results The duration of operation time, intraoperative blood loss,recovery time of gastrointestinal function after operation and hospitalization duration in observation group were significantly less than those in control group [(76 ± 10) min vs (95 ± 12) min, (28 ± 10) ml vs (77 ±21) ml,(1.2±0.4) d vs (3.6±1.0) d, (6.1 ±1.6) d vs (11.9±2.4) d] (P<0.05).Before treatment, observation group and control group were not significantly different regarding the RDQ scores [pectoralgia:(4.73 ±2.31) scores vs (4.82 ±2.53) scores, heartburn: (6.13 ±2.43) scores vs (6.02 ± 1.93) scores

  16. Clinical Observation of Laparoscopic Repair and Fundoplication for Esophageal Hiatal Hernia%腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术联合胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文星; 孙作成; 孙充兵

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补联合胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝疾病的可行性和临床应用价值.方法回顾性分析了潍坊市人民医院于2010年9月~2012年6月采用腹腔镜技术治疗的65例食管裂孔疝患者资料.其中 Nissen 全360°胃底折叠术24例,Toupet270°胃底折叠术20例,Dor 前180°胃底折叠术21例,52例应用补片修补裂孔,剩余患者丝线缝合裂孔.结果手术顺利,无中转开腹者.术后随访3~20个月,手术效果满意率92.31%,术后3个月复查胃镜、上消化道造影等检查基本恢复正常.其中11例患者术后早期出现轻度反酸、烧心症状,6例4个月内自行缓解,3例出现吞咽困难(Nissen 组2例,Toupet 组1例),1例出现严重反酸、腹胀(Dor 组),1例疝复发(Dor 组,单纯丝线缝合裂孔).结论腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补和胃底折叠术治疗食管裂孔疝疾病有微创手术创伤小、恢复快、安全可行、疗效可靠等特点,胃底折叠术式根据病人具体情况应用.%Objective To explore the feasibility and clinical value of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication for the treatment of esophageal hiatal hernia .Methods The clinical data of 65 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for esophageal hiatal hernia from September 2010 to June 2012 at our hospital were retrospectively analyzed ,including 24 cases of Nissen fundoplication,20 Toupet fundoplication,and 21 anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication .Results All operations were performed smoothly ,no conversions were nee-ded.After the follow up period of 3 months ~20 months,the satisfaction rate of operation was 92.31%.The symptoms in most cases were ade-quately relieved after operation.Endoscopy,radiology were repeated 3 months after surgery.Eleven cases had mild symptom recurrence of acid reflux,6 cases relieved within 4 months,developed dysphagia occurred in 3 cases(2 in the Nissen group and 1 in the Dor group),1 case had severly acid

  17. De Garengeot's hernia: diagnosis and surgical management of a rare type of femoral hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsingh, Jason; Ali, Ahmad; Cameron, Caroline; Al-Ani, Ahmed; Hodnett, Robert; Chorushyj, Catriona

    2014-02-12

    De Garengeot's hernia is quite rare and is a femoral hernia that contains a vermiform appendix and can present as a painful, tender swelling or an asymptomatic lump. We present the case of a 70-year-old patient who presented to our surgical unit after being referred for diagnostic imaging of an asymptomatic groin lump which was found to be a De Garengeot's hernia. She had an open repair of her femoral hernia and laparoscopic appendicectomy. Her post-operative stay was uneventful. De Garengeot's hernia is rare; however, imaging is usually required to make a diagnosis preoperatively. Management is usually surgical with simultaneous repair of the femoral hernia and appendicectomy.

  18. MDCT Diagnosis of Isolated Colonic Hernia Through the Esophageal Hiatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naime Altınkaya

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Colonic herniation through the esophageal hiatus is an unusual condition. Isolated trans-hiatal herniation of the transverse colon is very rare and only five cases have been reported. All these reported patients were symptomatic, and had dysphagia, epigastralgia, vomiting, dyspnea, cough, or palpitations. Hiatal hernia is an important clinical problem. Because of the severe complications of hiatal hernia, including bleeding, strangulation, and perforation, early diagnosis and treatment are important. A 75-year-old man who had prostate carcinoma was evaluated with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT. In this case, CT findings and clinical emphasis of the incidentally discovered isolated transverse colonic hiatal herniation was reviewed.

  19. An analysis of combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal manometry in achalasia and sliding hiatal hernia patients%贲门失驰缓症及滑动型食管裂孔疝患者食管多通道阻抗-压力测定分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲癑; 叶京英

    2014-01-01

    目的:应用食管联合多通道阻抗-压力测定(MII-EM)技术研究贲门失驰缓症及滑动型食管裂孔疝患者的食管动力异常特点。方法连续选取2013年4月至2014年6月到首都医科大学附属北京同仁医院就诊,入组内镜或食管造影诊断的贲门失驰缓症患者6名、滑动型食管裂孔疝患者10名以及健康志愿者10名行 MII-EM检查,分析比较二个患病组与对照组间各检测指标差异。结果与对照组相比,二个患病组的食团传送率均显著降低。贲门失驰缓症患者 LES 残余压显著升高,同步收缩及逆行收缩率明显增加,LES 松弛率显著降低,食管中上段收缩压力也减低(P <0.05),但未发现其在 LES 静息压、LES 长度、及 UES 各功能指标上的差异。滑动型食管裂孔疝患者 LES 静息压较对照组显著降低,UES 舒张时间延长,食管近端收缩压力减低(P <0.05),但未发现食管中、下段收缩功能的异常。结论MII-EM技术能够评估贲门失驰缓症及滑动型食管裂孔疝的食管功能障碍,具有一定的辅助诊断价值。%Objective To investigate the abnormal esophageal motility in achalasia and sliding hiatal hernia patients using combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal manometry(MII-EM).Methods Consecutive 10 patients with sliding hiatal hernia and 6 patients with achalasia diagnosed by endoscopy or esophageal dynamic radio-graphy were enrolled,and also 10 healthy volunteers in Beijing Tongren Hospital,Capital Medical University.All objects underwent MII-EMexamination.Differences were compared between the detection indexes of either patient group and the control.Results Both the patient groups showed a significantly lower Complete Bolus Transit Rate compared to the control.The achalasia group had significantly higher LES residual pressure,more esophageal simultaneous contractions and retrograde contractions ,lower LES percent

  20. Comparison of Therapeutic Effects between Laparoscopic Surgery and Traditional Surgical Treatment of Hiatal Hernia and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease%腹腔镜手术与传统手术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病的临床疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾格林

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析探讨腹腔镜手术和传统手术治疗食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病的临床效果。方法:2013年1月~2014年1月我院收治食管裂孔疝及胃食管反流性疾病的患者50例,其中25例接受腹腔镜手术治疗,25例接受传统手术进行治疗,回顾性分析他们的临床资料,包括手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间等情况进行对比分析。结果:资料显示,接受腹腔镜手术的患者在手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间及术后并发症情况均明显好于接受传统手术治疗的患者,且P<0.05,差异有统计学意义。结论:腹腔镜手术治疗食管裂孔疝和胃食管反流性疾病,与传统手术相比,具有疗效可靠、并发症少。%[ABSTRACT]Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of the laparoscopic surgery and traditional surgery treatment on hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease.Methods:50 patients with hiatal hernia or gastroesophageal reflux disease in our hospital from January 2013 to January2014 were enrolled in this study. Among them 25 underwent laparoscopic surgery while 25 underwent traditional surgery treatment. A retrospective analysis of their clinical data, including operative time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, etc. were performed.Results:The analysis showed that patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were significantly better than patients who received traditional surgery in respect of operative time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complications (P<0.05).Conclusion:Compared with traditional surgery, laparoscopic surgery for hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease shows preferable therapeutic efficacy, reliability and fewer incidences of post-operative complications.

  1. Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease with hiatal hernia:A clinical analysis of 650 patients%腹腔镜手术治疗胃食管反流病合并食管裂孔疝650例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    克力木; 阿力木江·麦斯依提; 张成; 阿扎提江; 皮尔地瓦斯; 王志

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic hiatal hernioraphy plus fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods The clinical data of 650 patients underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernioraphy plus fundoplication from September 2005 to August 2013 in People’s Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region were analyzed retrospectively. Results Laparoscopic hiatal herniorrhaphy plus fundoplication were successfully performed in all 650 patients without conversion. Combined operation was performed in 135 patients (20.8%). The average duration of operation was 64.3 min (45-90min) and the average amount of bleeding was 18 mL (5-50mL). No intraoperative or postoperative blood transfusion. Liquid diet was used in 24-48 h after operation. Postoperative hospital stay was 2-8 d. All the patients were followed up for 6 months to 8 years. Postoperative dysphagia occurred in 21 patients. Recurrent hiatal hernia (gastric wrap herniated into the chest) occurred in 4 patients. Recurrence of symptoms occurred in 14 patients. Gas bloating syndrome occurred in 6 patients. Conclusion Laparoscopic hiatal hernioraphy plus fundoplication is safe and effective with less invasive,faster recovery,fewer complication, which can combine surgical treatment of other diseases and is the ideal choice for GERD with hiatal hernia.%目的:探讨腹腔镜下抗反流手术治疗胃食管反流病(GERD)合并食管裂孔疝的安全性和疗效。方法回顾性分析2005年9月至2013年8月新疆维吾尔自治区人民医院收治的650例GERD合并食管裂孔疝病人的临床资料,均行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术+胃底折叠术。结果650例均成功完成腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补+胃底折叠术,无一例中转开腹或开胸。其中联合手术135例,占20.8%。手术时间平均64.3(45~90)min;术中出血量平均18(5~50)mL,无术中术后输血者。术后24~48 h全流饮食。术后住院2~8 d。650

  2. 胃食管反流病合并食管裂孔疝患者行腹腔镜手术治疗的疗效报告%Efficacy of laparoscopic surgery on patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江勇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia. Methods Clinical data of 89 patients with gastroe-sophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia were retrospectively analyzed, 52 patients were treated with laparo-scopic surgery as the observation group, 37 patients were treated with laparotomy as the control group. The op-eration duration, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay and postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function i n two groups were compared. Results The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, postopera-tive recovery duration of gastrointestinal function, antibiotics consumption and complication rate in the obser-vation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Symptom scores of RDQ of patients in the observation group 5 months after the operations were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The laparoscopic surgical treatment applied on the patients with gas-troesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia had certain advantages including small-size trauma, less intraop-erative blood loss, lower complication rate and shorter hospital stay. It was a safe, reliable and promising thera-py for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia.%目的探讨胃食管反流病合并食管裂孔疝患者行腹腔镜手术治疗的临床效果及安全性。方法对89例胃食管反流病合并食管裂孔疝患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,将行腹腔镜手术治疗的52例患者作为观察组,将行开腹手术治疗的37例患者作为对照组,对比两组手术时间、术中出血量、住院时间、术后胃肠道功能恢复情况等。结果观察组手术时间、术中出血量、术后住院时间、胃肠道功能恢复时间、抗生素使用时间、并发症发生率均低于对照组(P<0.05);观察组术后5个

  3. Small intestinal strangulation due to a rare type of primary internal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeda, Makoto; Ohnuki, Yoshinori; Uchiyama, Takashi; Kubota, Osamu; Ohishi, Kousuke

    2013-01-01

    Internal hernias in which the gate is located in the paracolic gutter are rare. A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with severe epigastric pain without past history of laparotomy and/or trauma. He was diagnosed with strangulation of the ileum by the findings of computed tomography, and the operation was performed. During laparotomy, the small intestine was found to be strangulated and to enter the retroperitoneum from the right paracolic gutter near the hepatic flexure. The patient was diagnosed with an internal hernia, which differed from a pericecal hernia in that the hernia gate was located along the paracolic gutter near the hepatic flexure far from the cecum. Hence, it was considered to be a rare type of internal hernia. We report the clinical presentation and imaging findings of this rare internal hernia.

  4. A new type of internal hernia after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paroz, A; Calmes, J M; Romy, S; Giusti, V; Suter, M

    2009-04-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is currently the most common bariatric procedure. One of its late complications is the development of internal hernia, which can lead to acute intestinal obstruction or recurrent colicky abdominal pain. The aim of this paper is to present a new, unusual, and so far not reported type of internal hernia. A common computerized database is maintained for all patients undergoing bariatric surgery in our departments. The charts of patients with the diagnosis of internal hernia were reviewed. Three patients were identified who developed acute intestinal obstruction due to an internal hernia located between the jejunojejunostomy and the end of the biliopancreatic limb, directly between two jejunal limbs with no mesentery involved. Another seven patients with intermittent colicky abdominal pain, re-explored for the suspicion of internal hernia, were found to also have an open window of the same location apart from a hernia at one of the typical hernia sites. Since this gap is systematically closed during RYGBP, no other patient has been observed with this problem. Even very small defects can lead to the development of internal hernias after RYGBP. Patients with suggestive symptoms must be explored. Closure of the jejunojejunal defect with nonabsorbable sutures prevents the development of an internal hernia between the jejunal loops at the jejunojejunostomy.

  5. Our Incidence of Diaphragmatic Hernia Detected with MDCT in the Past Two Years

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    Nesrin Atcı

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Diaphragmatic hernia develops as a result of extension of the intraabdominal organs to the thorax from a diaphragmatic defect which may be either a congenital fusion defect or subsequently formed defect(iatrojenic or traumatic. The diagnosis of symptomatic or asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernia can be easily done with the cross-sectional imaging, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT devices our aim in this study is to investigate diaphragmatic hernia incidence diagnosed by MDCT retrospectively. Methods: An experienced radiologist retrospectively evaluated MDCT results of 1000 patients to whom thorax and abdominal computed tomography was done due to chest and abdominal discomfort or trauma during the last 2 years. Results: According to our results, out of 1000 patients, 77 (7.7% patients had different types of diaphragmatic hernia the most common herniation was hiatal hernia which was seen in 54 patients. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (n=21 and traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (n=2 were observed also. Conclusion: Diaphragmatic hernia diagnosis could be made easily with extensive use of MDCT in which multi-planar imaging can be taken.

  6. 气腹与腹壁悬吊无气腹结合腹腔镜手术治疗滑动型食管裂孔疝17例疗效分析%Seventeen cases of analysis of efficacy for sliding esophageal hiatal hernia by laparoscopy via pneumoperitoneum and non-pneumoperitoneum through abdominal wall lifting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张葆勋; 伍冀湘; 蒋俭; 于涛; 于磊; 李建业

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical value of the method of surgical treatment in patients with sliding esophageal hiatal hernia by laparoscopy via pneumoperitoneum and non-pneumoperitoneum through abdominal wall lifting.Methods The clinical data of 17 cases of laparoscopic esophageal hiatal hernia repair combined with and gastric folding via pneumoperitoneum and non-pneumoperitoneum through abdominal wall lifting was collected between May 2012 and May 2014,including 15 cases of Nissen operation and,2 cases of Toupet operation.Results Surgeries in all patients were successfully completed,no transferring laparotomy,the average operation time was 45 to 220 minutes,intraoperative blood loss was less than 50 ml,there were no postoperative complications,all patients were cured and discharged,and the average hospitalization time was 10 days.Follow-up period was between 1 to 24 months.Clinical symptoms in 16 patients disappeared completely,and clinical symptoms in 1 case partly relieved,with no relapsed case.Conclusion Sliding esophageal hiatal hernia by laparoscopy via pneumoperitoneum and non-pneumoperitoneum through abdominal wall lifting is a safe and effective surgical treatment,and has wide value of popularization.%目的:评估气腹与腹壁悬吊无气腹结合腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补和胃底折叠术治疗滑动型食管裂孔疝的临床价值。方法回顾性分析2012年5月至2014年5月,北京同仁医院胸外科进行的17例气腹与腹壁悬吊无气腹结合腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补和胃底折叠术的临床资料,其中采用Nissen 术式15例,Toupet 术式2例。结果所有患者均顺利完成手术,无中转开腹,平均手术时间为45~220 min,术中出血量均小于50 ml,无术后并发症,全部治愈出院,术后平均住院时间10 d。随访时间1~24个月,16例患者临床症状完全消失,1例临床症状部分缓解,无明确复发病例。结论气腹与腹壁悬吊无气腹结合腹腔镜

  7. 腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术并胃底折叠术对患者生存质量的影响%Impact of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication on patient quality of life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周旭坤; 王昆; 李平; 江涛; 刘顺顺; 罗毅

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication effect on the quality of life for patients. Methods: Gastrointestinal Lebens qualities index (GLQI) prospectively was measured for 29 cases of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication patients before and after 2 weeks, 1 month,3 months,6 months,quality of life values,clinical analysis was made. Results :Preoperative patients GLQI index (83. 62 ± 13. 14) was significantly lower than the normal population 121-125 points. After 2 weeks, the patient GLQI index ( 86. 76 ± 10. 16) , somewhat higher than before surgery, but the difference was not significant ( P > 0. 05) ,mental,psychological areas were significantly improved compared with the preoperative data(P<0. 05). Surgery after 1 month,3 months,the index patient GLQI index (106. 83 ± 8. 40) , (113. 35 ± 8. 54) were significantly higher compared with preoperative and postoperative 2 weeks data(P<0. 05). Six months later,the patient GLQI index (121.45 ±5.96)was close to or reached normal levels. Conclusions:Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair and fundoplication can improve postoperative quality of life,which could be close to or reach normal levels.%目的:探讨腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术并胃底折叠术对患者生存质量的影响.方法:采用消化病生存质量指数(gastrointestinal Lebens qualities index,GLQI)前瞻性地测定29例患者行腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术和胃底折叠术前,术后2周、1个月、3个月、6个月的生存质量值,并进行临床分析.结果:术前患者GLQI指数平均(83.62±13.14),明显低于正常人群(121 ~125分);术后2周平均(86.76±10.16),较术前有所升高,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但患者精神、心理较术前改善(P<0.05);术后1个月、3个月平均为(106.83±8.40)及(113.35±8.54),较术前及术后2周明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);术后6个月平均(121.45±5.96),接近或达到正常水平.结论:

  8. Mesocolic hernia: An unusual internal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tauro L

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Internal hernia may be either congenital or acquired. Its incidence has been reported to be 1-2%. Herniation may be persistent or intermittent. Internal hernia is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction with a reported incidence of 0.2-0.9%. The most common type is paraduodenal. Less common types include mesocolic hernia, which occurs following abdominal surgery. We report mesocolic hernias in two young patients, which presented as small bowel obstruction without any prior abdominal surgery.

  9. Congenital massive hiatus hernia type IV; initial experience with laparoscopic repair in young infant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataineh, Z A; Rousan, L A; Abu Baker, A; Wahdow, H; Kiwan, R N; Saleem, M M

    2014-06-01

    Congenital massive hiatus hernia (CMHH) is an uncommon disorder during childhood. It can be associated with grave complications especially if presented in the highest grade; type IV, when the hernia contains other intra-peritoneal organ beside the stomach through a large hiatus defect. The insidious form of clinical presentation can be deceptive in diagnosis and may mimic congenital diaphragmatic hernia or other chest pathologies. The basic principle of surgical repair is to reduce the herniated organs, excise the hernia sac, and repair the crural defect and to add anti-reflux procedure with or without gastropexy. Traditionally, this has been done by open approach. Nowadays, the minimally invasive approach is the preferred method of treatment. A sixteen-month-old boy with history of recurrent respiratory symptoms was diagnosed with CMHH type IV for which laparoscopic repair was performed. Few reports in using minimally invasive technique in the management of CMHH in the pediatric age group are present in the literature, to the best of our knowledge type IV had never been described in young infants. We present a new case repaired by laparoscope in a young infant with CMHH type IV from the Middle East.

  10. 局部麻醉下疝环充填式无张力疝修补术治疗腹股沟疝%Under local anesthesia hernia ring without tension hernia repair filling type surgical treatment the groin hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭; 邢壮杰

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价应用局部麻醉下疝环充填式无张力疝修补术治疗腹股沟疝的临床价值.方法 回顾性分析256例腹股沟疝在局部麻醉下行疝环充填式无张力疝修补术患者的临床资料.结果 所有患者手术均顺利完成,麻醉效果满意,无明显疼痛与不适感.无一例使用止痛药,仅1例出现尿潴留,2例切口脂肪液化,经对症处理后痊愈.术后随访无复发.结论 局部麻醉下疝环充填式无张力疝修补术安全可靠,操作简便,符合人体解剖结构,对无法耐受硬膜外麻醉的患者,是一种理想选择.%Objective To evaluate the way of under local anesthesia hernia ring without tension hernia repair filling type surgical treatment the groin hernia surgery value of clinical application.Methods The clinical data of 256 cases were analyzed retrospectively for inguinal hernia in local anesthesia downside hernia ring filling type without tension hernia repair.Results All patients were recovered,under local anesthesia hernia ring without tension filling type hernia repair operation convenient operation,postoperative pain were light,the recurrence rate was low,less complications.Only 2 cases appeared the liquefaction of fat,1 case appeared urinary retention.Follow-up so far without recurrence.Conclusion Local anesthesia hernia ring without tension hernia method is safe and rehable,simple operation,and complex human anatomy,it is a kind of ideal choice to the ones who can't tolerate epidural anesthesia patients.

  11. Laparoscopic repair of a bilateral internal inguinal hernia with supravesical hernia – a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawaguchi, Tsutomu; Itoh, Tadao; Yoshii, Kazuhiro; Otsuji, Eigo

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Supravesical hernia is an exceptional subtype of internal inguinal hernia, and it is located between the median umbilical ligament and the medial umbilical ligament. The hernia is classified as two types: internal supravesical hernia and external supravesical hernia. Presentation of case Herein we report a rare case of external supravesical hernia successfully treated by laparoscopic procedure. The patient who complained right inguinal protrusion and mild frequent urination was diagnosed as right inguinal hernia and potential of left inguinal hernia using computed tomography. He underwent laparoscopic bilateral hernia repair, and intraoperative findings revealed right external supravesical hernia and left internal inguinal hernia. Discussion Laparoscopic hernia repair may make it possible to avoid overlooking of internal hernia such as supravesical hernia. Moreover it was possible to cover the hernia orifice and dissected layer of the dorsal site of urine bladder using bilateral approach in the current case. Conclusion In conclusions, laparoscopic hernia repair might be a surgical option for supravesical hernia. PMID:26263448

  12. Diaphragmatic hernia: diagnostic approaches with review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eren, Suat [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)]. E-mail: suateren@atauni.edu.tr; Ciris, Fahri [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Atatuerk University, 25240 Erzurum (Turkey)

    2005-06-01

    Because surgical repair is indicated for the treatment of diaphragmatic hernia (DH), preoperative imaging of the diaphragmatic defect, hernia content, and associated complications with other organ's pathologies is important. While various techniques can be used on imaging of DHs, selection of the most effective but the least invasive technique will present the most accurate findings about DH, and will facilitate the management of DH. We reviewed the diaphragmatic hernia types associated with our cases, and we discussed the preferred imaging modalities for different DHs with review of the literature. We evaluated the imaging findings of 21 DH cases. They were Morgagni's hernia (n = 4), Bochdalek hernia (n = 2), iatrogenic DH (n = 4), traumatic DH (n = 6), and hiatal hernia (n = 5). Although its limited findings on DH and indirect findings about the diaphragmatic rupture, plain radiography is firstly preferred technique on DH. We found that ultrasound (US) is a useful tool on DH, on traumatic DH cases especially. Not only it shows diaphragmatic continuity and herniated organs, but also it reveals associated abdominal organ's pathologies. Computed tomography (CT) scan is most effective in many DH cases. It shows the herniated abdominal organs together with complications, such as intestinal strangulation, haemothorax, and rib fractures. We stressed that Multislice CT scan with coronal and sagittal reformatted images is the most effective and useful imaging technique on DH. With high sensitivity for soft tissue, MR imaging may be performed in the selected patients, on the late presenting DH cases or on the cases of the diagnosis still in doubt especially.

  13. Male form of persistent Mullerian duct syndrome type I (hernia uteri inguinalis presenting as an obstructed inguinal hernia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gujar Nishikant N

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome is a rare form of male pseudo-hermaphroditism characterized by the presence of Mullerian duct structures in an otherwise phenotypically, as well as genotypically, normal man; only a few cases have been reported in the worldwide literature. We report the case of a 30-year-old man with unilateral cryptorchidism on the right side and a left-sided obstructed inguinal hernia containing a uterus and fallopian tube (that is, hernia uteri inguinalis; type I male form of persistent Mullerian duct syndrome coincidentally detected during an operation for an obstructed left inguinal hernia. Case presentation A 30-year-old South Indian man was admitted to our facility with a left-sided obstructed inguinal hernia of one day's duration. He had a 12-year history of inguinal swelling and an absence of the right testis since birth. Our patient had well developed masculine features. Local physical examination revealed a left-sided obstructed inguinal hernia with an absence of the right testis in the scrotum. Exploration of the inguinal canal revealed an indirect inguinal hernia containing omentum, the left corner of the uterus and a left fallopian tube. Extension of the incision revealed a well formed uterus, cervix and upper part of the vagina attached to the prostate by a thick fibrosed band. Total excision of the uterus, bilateral fallopian tubes and right testis was performed. A biopsy was taken from the left testis. The operation was completed by left inguinal herniorraphy. Histopathological examination of the hernial contents was consistent with that of a uterus and fallopian tubes without ovaries. Both testes were atrophied, with complete arrest of spermatogenesis. Post-operative karyotype analyses were negative for 46,XY and Barr bodies on buccal smear. A semen examination revealed azoospermia with a low serum testosterone level. Conclusions In cases of unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism

  14. Preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum and botulinum toxin type A in patients with large incisional hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno-Lledó, J; Torregrosa, A; Ballester, N; Carreño, O; Carbonell, F; Pastor, P G; Pamies, J; Cortés, V; Bonafé, S; Iserte, J

    2017-04-01

    Combination of preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum (PPP) and botulinum toxin type A (BT) has not been previously reported in the management of large incisional hernia (LIH). Observational study of 45 consecutive patients with LIH between June 2010 and July 2014. The diameters of the hernia sac, the volumes of the incisional hernia (VIH) and the abdominal cavity (VAC), and the VIH/VAC ratio were measured before and after PPP and BT using abdominal CT scan data. We indicated the combination of both techniques when the volume of the incisional hernia (VIH)/volume of the abdominal cavity (VAC) ratio was >20%. The median insufflated volume of air for PPP was 8.600 ± 3.200 cc (4.500-13.250), over a period of 14.3 ± 1.3 days (13-16). BT administration time was 40.2 ± 3.3 days (37-44). We obtained an average value of reduction of 14% of the VIH/VAC ratio after PPP and BT (p < 0.05). Complications associated with PPP were 15.5%, and with surgical technique, 26.6%. No complications occurred during the BT administration. Reconstructive technique was anterior CST and primary fascial closure was achieved in all patients. Median follow-up was 40.5 ± 19 months (12-60) and we reported 2 cases of hernia recurrence (4.4%). Preoperative combination of PPP and BT is feasible and a useful tool in the surgical management of LIH, although at the cost of some specific complications.

  15. [The systematization and the etiopathogenicity of diaphragmatic hernias].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alecu, L

    2001-01-01

    The author, based on up to date published dates, intends to present the classification and ethiopathogeny of the diaphragmatic hernias, except the aesophagic hiatus oms. This is an interesting chapter of the borderline surgery (abdominal and thorax). They are placed on the second position in frequency (after the hiatal hernias) in the diaphragmatic pathology; they are internal hernias, through congenital or obtained holes which allow to abdominal viscera to pass into thorax. They are--in the most cases, even elderly ones-congenital, result of the abnormalities in the embrionary growth of the diaphragm. A special place' is represented by the traumatic hernias.

  16. Combined paraesophageal hernia repair and partial longitudinal gastrectomy in obese patients with symptomatic paraesophageal hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, John H; Kroh, Matthew; El-Hayek, Kevin; Timratana, Poochong; Chand, Bipan

    2012-12-01

    Obesity is a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia. Studies have demonstrated poor symptom control in obese patients undergoing fundoplication. The ideal operation remains elusive. However, addressing both obesity and the anatomic abnormality should be the goal. This study retrospectively identified 19 obese (body mass index [BMI], >30 kg/m(2)) and morbidly obese (BMI, >40 kg/m(2)) patients who presented between December 2007 and November 2011 for management of large or recurrent paraesophageal hernia. All the patients underwent a combined primary paraesophageal hernia repair and longitudinal gastrectomy. Charts were retrospectively reviewed to collect preoperative, operative, and short-term postoperative results. Quantitative data were analyzed using Student's t test and qualitative data with χ(2) testing. Laparoscopy was successful for all 19 patients. The mean preoperative BMI was 37.8 ± 4.1 kg/m(2), and the mean operative time was 236 ± 80 min. Preoperative endoscopy showed that 5 patients who had undergone prior fundoplication experienced anatomic failures, whereas the remaining 14 patients had type 3 and one type 4 paraesophageal Hernia. Mesh was used to reinforce the hiatus in 15 of the 19 cases. The postoperative complications included pulmonary embolism (n = 1) and pulmonary decompensation (n = 2) due to underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mean hospital stay was 5.3 ± 3 days. Upper gastrointestinal esophagography was performed for all the patients, with no short-term recurrence of paraesophageal hernia. Weight loss was seen for all the patients during the first month, with a mean BMI drop of 2.7 ± 1 kg/m(2). All the patients experienced near to total resolution of their preoperative symptoms within the first month. Combined laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair and longitudinal gastrectomy offer a safe and feasible approach for the management of large or recurrent paraesophageal

  17. Amyand's Hernia. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raysy Sardiñas Ponce

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Presence of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac, with or without appendicitis, is called Amyand's hernia. It occurs in approximately 1% of inguinal hernia patients. It is more common in men and is frequently found on the right side due to the location of the appendix. Clinically, it presents as a complicated inguinal hernia causing symptoms such as fever or signs of mechanical intestinal obstruction, depending on the state of the appendix. The latter determines the type of surgical approach and hernia repair. The third Amyand's hernia case treated at the Enrique Cabrera Hospital is presented. The patient underwent an appendectomy and inguinal hernia repair with satisfactory outcomes

  18. 光棒引导与直接喉镜在食管裂孔疝手术患者气管插管麻醉中的应用比较%Compared with lightwand and direct laryngoscope used in tracheal intubation in hiatal hernia operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范藻; 马冬梅; 李志山

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the application of lightwand and direct laryngoscope in tracheal intubation in hiatal hernia patients.Methods Sixty patients scheduled for general anaesthesia with tracheal intuhation were randomly divided into two groups:the lightwand group ( group L, n =30) and the direct laryngoscop group ( group M, n =30 ).L group with flexible Lightwand guided tracheal intubation, laryngoscope group adopted direct laryngoscope orthoptic tracheal intubation.Observe and record two groups were induced by the one-time success rate,at the sametime,before induction of anesthesia(T0),at intubation (T1),1 min after intubation(T2),3 min after intubation(T3)and 5 min after intubation of SBP,DBP,SpO2 and HR.Injury and other complications were observed after intubation without oral cavity,pharynx mucosa, teeth and gums occurred,occurred within 24 hours after the follow-up is no throat pain and hoarseness. Results The success rate of insertion of group L was 96.7%(29 /30)and group M was 93.3%(28 /30);the intubation time of L group were(13.5 ±6.1)s,and M group were(29.3 ±11.2)s(P 0.05),and In group M,T2,T3 time point of SBP,DBP and HR values of T1 increased obviously than before anesthesia, with significant difference ( P <0.05 ).Postoperative catheter related complicationswas were 6.7%(2 /30)and 16.7%(5 /30)respectively,it was lower in group L than in group M (P <0.05).Conclusion The flexible Light Wand guided tracheal intubation in hiatal hernia operative is simple,easy,high success rate,less complications,which has obvious advantages than ordinary laryngoscope intubation.%目的:比较光棒和直接喉镜在食管裂孔疝手术患者气管插管麻醉中的应用效果。方法选择美国麻醉师协会(ASA)分级Ⅰ~Ⅱ级,拟在全身麻醉插管下行食管裂孔疝手术的患者60例,随机数字法分为光棒组(L 组)和直接喉镜组(M 组)。观察并记录两组患者一次插管成功率、插管时间、麻醉诱导前(T0

  19. Richter’s Type of Incarcerated Obturator Hernia that Presented with a Deep Femoral Abscess: An Autopsy Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonekura, Satoru; Kodama, Masaaki; Murano, Shunichi; Kishi, Hirohisa; Toyoda, Akihiro

    2016-01-01

    Patient: Female, 89 Final Diagnosis: Obturator hernia Symptoms: Coxalgia • femoral abscess • gait disorder Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Surgery Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Richter’s obturator hernia is a rare abdominal hernia that is difficult to diagnose. The purpose of this case report is to show an unusual presentation of a fatal Richter’s obturator hernia that was accompanied by a femoral abscess. Case Report: An 89-year-old woman complained of sudden left coxalgia and a gait disorder but no abdominal symptoms. She had no history of trauma or surgery in the inguinal area. Twenty-three days after her first complaint of coxalgia, the patient was admitted in a coma with necrotizing fasciitis in the left inguinal area. The patient died of asystole due to hyperkalemia. During surveillance for the cause of death, a Richter’s type of incarcerated obturator hernia was identified at autopsy. The incarcerated small intestine had penetrated into the left obturator foramen to form an abscess that extended into the deep femoral region. Conclusions: Obturator hernia accompanied by femoral abscess is extremely rare, but it should be suspected when a patient with no history of trauma or surgery has a femoral abscess, even in the absence of abdominal symptoms. PMID:27818487

  20. Treatment and Controversies in Paraesophageal Hernia Repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marco eFisichella

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Historically all paraesophageal hernias were repaired surgically, today intervention is reserved for symptomatic paraesophageal hernias. In this review, we describe the indications for repair and explore the controversies in paraesophageal hernia repair, which include a comparison of open to laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair, the necessity of complete sac excision, the routine performance of fundoplication, and the use of mesh for hernia repair.Methods: We searched Pubmed for papers published between 1980 and 2015 using the following keywords: hiatal hernias, paraesophageal hernias, regurgitation, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, aspiration, GERD, endoscopy, manometry, pH monitoring, proton pump inhibitors, anemia, iron deficiency anemia, Nissen fundoplication, sac excision, mesh, mesh repair. Results: Indications for paraesophageal hernia repair have changed, and currently symptomatic paraesophageal hernias are recommended for repair. In addition, it is important not to overlook iron-deficiency anemia and pulmonary complaints, which tend to improve with repair. Current practice favors a laparoscopic approach, complete sac excision, primary crural repair with or without use of mesh, and a routine fundoplication.

  1. Rol de la TC multicorte en las hernias diafragmáticas: Ensayo iconográfico Role of Multislice Computed Tomography in the evaluation of diaphragmatic hernias: Pictorial essay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario G. Santamarina

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Las hernias diafragmáticas consisten en la migración de estructuras abdominales hacia el tórax a través de un defecto del diafragma. Ellas pueden tener origen congénito (de Morgagni y de Bochdalek o adquirido, incluyendo las traumáticas o no traumáticas (del hiato, defectos diafragmáticos posteriores. Debido a que en algunas hernias diafragmáticas está indicada la reparación quirúrgica, los métodos de diagnóstico por imágenes cumplen un rol fundamental. La TC multicorte, con su capacidad multiplanar y posibilidad de efectuar cortes finos, nos permite valorar y caracterizar adecuadamente el defecto diafragmático y sus complicaciones. En este ensayo iconográfico realizamos un breve repaso de la embriología y anatomía del diafragma, revisamos los distintos tipos de hernias diafragmáticas y la utilidad de la TC multicorte.Diaphragmatic hernias are characterized by the migration of abdominal structures into the chest through a diaphragmatic defect. These may have either a congenital etiology (e.g., Morgagni and Bochdalek, or an acquired etiology, including traumatic and nontraumatic hernias (hiatal, posterior diaphragmatic defects. Since a surgical repair is indicated in certain types of hernias, imaging diagnostic methods play a key role. Multislice Computed Tomography (MSCT allows multiplanar views and thin section evaluation, thus providing a useful tool for the assessment and characterization of the diaphragmatic defect and its complications. In this pictorial essay we briefly review the diaphragm anatomy and embryology, the different types of diaphragmatic hernias and the role of MSCT.

  2. Case report: Morgagni hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Frederick B; Rebuck, Jill A

    2006-03-01

    The case reported here is a 32-year-old man with a sudden onset of chest pain and an acute deterioration of lung function. An incarcerated Morgagni hernia was diagnosed with a computer tomographic CT scan, and repaired electively via a midline laparotomy. Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, which may not be symptomatic until adulthood when the patient presents with acute symptoms or incarceration.

  3. Diaphragmatic hernia of Morgagni.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaRosa, D V; Esham, R H; Morgan, S L; Wing, S W

    1999-04-01

    Most cases of Morgagni hernia are asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally on routine chest x-ray film, but they may occasionally become symptomatic. Symptomatic Morgagni hernias may present in many different ways, making the diagnosis challenging. We describe a patient with a Morgagni hernia, resulting in intractable nausea and vomiting, give a brief review of symptoms, note the different types of abdominal contents herniated, and describe the methods used to make the diagnosis.

  4. Inguinal hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The main risk factors for inguinal hernia are male sex and increasing age. Complications of inguinal hernia include strangulation, intestinal obstruction, and infarction. Recurrence can occur after surgery.

  5. Laparoscopic repair of a bilateral internal inguinal hernia with supravesical hernia – a case report

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Supravesical hernia is an exceptional subtype of internal inguinal hernia, and it is located between the median umbilical ligament and the medial umbilical ligament. The hernia is classified as two types: internal supravesical hernia and external supravesical hernia. Presentation of case: Herein we report a rare case of external supravesical hernia successfully treated by laparoscopic procedure. The patient who complained right inguinal protrusion and mild frequent urination ...

  6. Amyand's Hernia. A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Raysy Sardiñas Ponce; Leonel Hernández Torres; José Miguel Pinza Jojoa

    2015-01-01

    Presence of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac, with or without appendicitis, is called Amyand's hernia. It occurs in approximately 1% of inguinal hernia patients. It is more common in men and is frequently found on the right side due to the location of the appendix. Clinically, it presents as a complicated inguinal hernia causing symptoms such as fever or signs of mechanical intestinal obstruction, depending on the state of the appendix. The latter determines the type of surgic...

  7. Robot-assisted laparoscopic hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolboom, R. C.; Broeders, I. A M J; Draaisma, W. A.

    2015-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder of the GE-junction that allows gastric acid to enter the esophagus. Surgery is indicated when the presence of the disease is objectively documented. The laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication is the preferred treatment of GERD. There is no clear advan

  8. Robot-assisted laparoscopic hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolboom, R. C.; Broeders, I. A M J; Draaisma, W. A.

    2015-01-01

    Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder of the GE-junction that allows gastric acid to enter the esophagus. Surgery is indicated when the presence of the disease is objectively documented. The laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication is the preferred treatment of GERD. There is no clear

  9. Repair of paraesophageal hiatal hernias – Is a fundoplication needed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller-Stich, Beat P.; Achtstätter, Verena; Diener, Markus K.

    2015-01-01

    -F patients postoperative esophagitis was present (p = 0.026). Values of dysphagia (2.1 ± 1.6 vs. 1.9 ± 1.4; p = 0.737), gas bloating (2.6 ± 1.4 vs. 2.8 ± 1.4; p = 0.782) and quality of life (116.0 ± 16.2 vs. 115.9 ± 15.8; p = 0.992) were similar. Relevant postoperative complications occurred in 4 (10...

  10. European Hernia Society classification of parastomal hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Śmietański, M; Szczepkowski, M; Alexandre, J A; Berger, D; Bury, K; Conze, J; Hansson, B; Janes, A; Miserez, M; Mandala, V; Montgomery, A; Morales Conde, S; Muysoms, F

    2014-02-01

    A classification of parastomal hernias (PH) is needed to compare different populations described in various trials and cohort studies, complete the previous inguinal and ventral hernia classifications of the European Hernia Society (EHS) and will be integrated into the EuraHS database (European Registry of Abdominal Wall Hernias). Several members of the EHS board and invited experts gathered for 2 days to discuss the development of an EHS classification of PH. The discussions were based on a literature review and critical appraisal of existing classifications. The classification proposal is based on the PH defect size (small is ≤5 cm) and the presence of a concomitant incisional hernia (cIH). Four types were defined: Type I, small PH without cIH; Type II, small PH with cIH; Type III, large PH without cIH; and Type IV, large PH with cIH. In addition, the classification grid includes details about whether the hernia recurs after a previous PH repair or whether it is a primary PH. Clinical validation is needed in the future to assess if the classification allows us to differentiate the treatment strategy and if the classification impacts outcome in these different subgroups. A classification of PH divided into subgroups according to size and cIH was formulated with the aim of improving the ability to compare different studies and their results.

  11. Cameron Ulcer Causing Severe Anemia in a Patient with Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Prashant; Suryadevara, Madhu; Das, Avash; Falterman, James

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Female, 51 Final Diagnosis: Cameron’s ulcer Symptoms: — Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Endoscopy Specialty: Gastroenterology and Hepatology Objective: Rare co-existance of disease or pathology Background: Cameron lesions are linear gastric erosions on the mucosal folds at the diaphragmatic impressions found in patients with large hiatal hernias. While usually asymptomatic, hiatal hernias can result in serious sequelae, as this case report will clearly illustrate. Cameron lesions are clinically significant because of their ability to cause significant acute, chronic, or obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, often requiring blood transfusions. Case Report: In this report, we present the case of a 51-year-old white woman who originally presented to the Emergency Department with complaints of a runny nose, dry cough, generalized weakness, and muscle cramping ascribed to a viral infection. However, closer examination revealed substantial pallor with pale conjunctiva prompting further workup that revealed substantial anaemia. Upon further inquiry of her past medical history, she revealed the need for previous blood transfusions, and meticulous review of her medical record indicated a previous diagnosis of hiatal hernia with the presence of Cameron lesions based on esophagogastroduodenoscopy 2 years prior. Conclusions: This case emphasizes the need for a high index of suspicion for Cameron lesions as a causative agent of substantial blood loss in patients with hiatal hernias after other common causes of gastrointestinal bleeding have been ruled out. PMID:26467083

  12. Laparoscopic Repair of Morgagni Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ilker murat arer

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a congenital herniation of abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity through a retrosternal diaphragmatic defect and make up about 1 % - 5 % of all types of congenital diaphragmatic hernias. Surgical repair of Morgagni hernias is usually indicated when patients are symptomatic and have a high risk of strangulation or incarceration of the contained viscera. 71-year-old male patient admitted to emergency department with a 2-day history of abdominal pain, vomiting and obstipation. Laparoscopic repair for Morgagni hernia was performed. Laparoscopic repair for Morgagni hernia with mesh repair is secure, satisfactory and easily performed. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(Suppl 1: 71-74

  13. Direct inguinal hernias and anterior surgical approach are risk factors for female inguinal hernia recurrences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Bisgaard, Thue; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish the risk of recurrence after direct and indirect inguinal hernia operation in a large-scale female population and to establish the relationship between the type of hernia at the primary and recurrent procedure. Using data from the Danish Hernia Database (DHDB), a cohort was generated: all females operated on electively for a primary inguinal hernia by either Lichtenstein’s technique or laparoscopy from 1998 to 2012. Within this prospectively collected cohort, the hernia type at the primary procedure (direct inguinal hernia (DIH), indirect inguinal hernia (IIH), combination hernia), the hernia type at the recurrent procedure (DIH, IIH, combination hernia, femoral hernia), anesthesia type, and time from primary procedure to reoperation were registered. A total of 5,893 females with primary elective inguinal hernia operation on in the study period (61 % IIH, 37 % DIH, 2 % combined hernias) were included with a median follow-up time of 72 months (range 0 to 169). A total of 305 operations for suspected recurrences were registered (61 % inguinal recurrences, 38 % femoral recurrences, 1 % no hernias), which corresponded to an overall reoperation rate of 5.2 %. All femoral recurrences occurred after a previous open anterior operation. The crude reoperation rate after primary DIH operation was 11.0 %, 3.0 % after primary IIH operation and 0.007 % after combined hernia operation (p hernia recurrences exclusively existed after anterior open primary operation.

  14. Umbilical hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000987.htm Umbilical hernia To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. An umbilical hernia is an outward bulging (protrusion) of the lining ...

  15. A rare case of Spigelian hernia combined with direct and indirect inguinal hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kılıç, Murat Özgür; Değirmencioğlu, Gürkan; Dener, Cenap

    2017-01-01

    Spigelian hernia is a rare type of ventral hernias with nonspecific symptoms and signs. Therefore, its diagnosis is often difficult and requires more clinical attention. Although intermittent abdominal swelling and pain are the main symptoms, Spigelian hernias can be sometimes asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally at the operation. In some cases, these hernias can be associated with other abdominal wall hernias, therefore a detailed physical examination of the patients is necessary to avoid mistakes in diagnosis. Herein, we report an interesting and educational case of Spigelian hernia with accompanying ipsilateral both direct and indirect inguinal hernias in a male patient treated by open surgical repair with use of polypropylene mesh.

  16. Perforated gastric corpus in a strangulated paraesophageal hernia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafii Alexis E

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Patients with paraesophageal hernias often present secondary to chronic symptomatology. Infrequently, acute intestinal ischemia and perforation can occur as a consequence of paraesophageal hernias with potentially dire consequences. Case presentation An 86-year-old obtunded male presented to the emergency department with hypotension and severe back and abdominal pain. An emergency abdominal CT scan was ordered with a presumptive diagnosis of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. CT topograms revealed extensive free intra-abdominal air and herniated abdominal viscera into the right hemithorax. Prior to completion of the CT study, the patient sustained a cardiopulmonary arrest. Surgery was consulted, but the patient was unable to be revived. Post-mortem examination revealed gross contamination within the abdomen and a giant, incarcerated, hiatal hernia with organoaxial volvulus and ischemic perforation. Conclusion Current recommendations call for prompt repair of giant hiatal hernias before they become symptomatic due to the increased risk of strangulation. Torsion of the stomach in large hiatal hernias frequently leads to a fatal complication such as this warranting elective repair as soon as possible.

  17. 疝环充填式无张力性疝修补术治疗腹股沟复发性斜疝的临床研究%Clinical research of groin recurrent inclined hernia treatment with hernia ring filling type without tension hernia neoplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔卓明

    2012-01-01

      目的观察探讨疝环充填式无张力性疝修补术在腹股沟复发性斜疝治疗中的临床效果,总结其临床价值.方法选取笔者所在医院2008年3月~2012年3月收治的腹股沟疝患者212例,其中有64例为腹股沟复发性斜疝,随机分为观察组和对照组,各32例,观察组使用疝环充填式无张力性疝修补术治疗,对照组使用常规手术治疗,观察对比两组临床治疗效果.结果观察组总有效率为90.6%;对照组总有效率为53.1%;两组的治疗效果比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论使用疝环充填式无张力性疝修补术治疗腹股沟复发性斜疝其效果快,创伤小,治疗效果好,并发症低,后遗症低,值得临床推广使用.%  Objective Observing the clinical effect of groin recurrent inclined hernia treatment with hernia ring filling type without tension hernia neoplasty,and summarize clinical value. Methods From March 2008 to March 2012,Selected groin hernia patients 212 cases,64 cases of recurrent groin hernia inclined,212 cases were randomly divided into trial group and control group,each 32 cases,the observation group use hernia ring filling type without tension sex hernia repair of treatment, the control group with conventional surgery, and the observation group compared to two clinical treatment effect. Results The observation group the total effective rate was 90.6%; Control group total effectiveness is 53.1%. Two groups of the treatment effect were significant difference(P <0.05). Conclusion The effect of using hernia ring filling type without tension groin hernia repair of surgical treatment of recurrent inclined hernia is fast, small wound, good, low complications, low sequela,and worth clinical promotion.

  18. [Lumbar hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teiblum, Sandra Sofie; Hjørne, Flemming Pii; Bisgaard, Thue

    2010-03-22

    Lumbar hernia is a rare condition. Lumbar hernia should be considered a rare differential diagnosis to unexplained back pain. Symptoms are scarce and diffuse and can vary with the size and content of the hernia. As there is a 25% risk of incarceration, operation is indicated even in asymptomatic hernias. We report a case of lumbar hernia in a woman with a slow growing mass in the lumbar region. She presented with pain and a computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis. She underwent open surgery and fully recovered with recurrence within the first half year.

  19. Amyand’s hernia: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivashchuk, Galyna; Cesmebasi, Alper; Sorenson, Edward P.; Blaak, Christa; Tubbs, Shane R.; Loukas, Marios

    2014-01-01

    Amyand’s hernia is defined as when the appendix is trapped within an inguinal hernia. While the incidence of this type of hernia is rare, the appendix may become incarcerated within Amyand’s hernia and lead to further complications such as strangulation and perforation. Incarceration of the appendix most commonly occurs within inguinal and femoral hernias, but may arise to a lesser extent in incisional and umbilical hernias. Incarcerated appendix has been reported in a variety of ventral abdominal and inguinal locations, yet its indistinct clinical presentation represents a diagnostic challenge. This paper reviews the literature on incarceration of the appendix within inguinal hernias and discusses current approaches to diagnosis and treatment of Amyand’s hernia and complications that may arise from incarceration of the appendix within the hernia. PMID:24473371

  20. Congenital Hiatus Hernia%先天性食管裂孔疝

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江泽熙

    1986-01-01

    From 1977 to 1984, 7 cases of congenital hiatus hernia were surgically treated. 3 were sliding hernia and 4 combined type(right paresophageal hernia combined with sliding hernia). 5 cases underwent Belsey operation and 2Nissen's operation. The 5 patients who had had Belsey repair vomited again after operation. 3 of them had barium meal reflux. Two recurrent cases were reoperated on by the same procedure but the results were still unsatisfactory. The causes of the unsuccessful Belsey repair operation in our group were as follows:1)Because of lack of understanding of combined hernia, a transthoracic approach failed in redution of the paraesophageal hernia on the contralateral side, 2)The 270°wrap did not calibrate the cardia to produce a compe tent sphincter mechanism 3)Separation of the sutures that were placed in an attenuated phrenoesophageal membrane to fix the cardia. In the latest two cases we used Nissen's fundoplication and postoperative symptom's disappeared-The short-term results followed up by Barium meal and questionaire were good. It seems to us that Nissen's repair is better than Belsey's, but longer follow-up is needed before knowing the long-term results. According to the author, preoperative studies of x-ray findings should be stressed in order to decide the surgical procedure, which will have direct influence on the results.%@@ Skinner DB(1)根据解剖缺陷及临床表现,将食管裂孔疝分为四型:Ⅰ型--滑动疝,食管裂孔轻度扩张,膈食管膜变薄,贲门及胃底上移,有不同程度的返流;Ⅰ型--食管旁疝,膈食管膜缺损,有腹膜形成的疝囊,贲门位置正常,无返流;Ⅲ型--混合型,食管旁疝与滑动疝同存,有返流;及Ⅳ型--多器官型(Multipleorgan Hiatal Hernia),部份结肠或小肠也进入食管旁疝囊内.以Ⅰ、Ⅱ型最多,前者占95%,后者约3.5%(以下称Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型).

  1. Pain after groin hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Callesen, T; Bech, K; Nielsen, R

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to provide a detailed description of postoperative pain after elective day-case open inguinal hernia repair under local anaesthesia. METHODS: This was a prospective consecutive case series study. After 500 hernia operations in 466 unselected patients aged 18...... between types of surgery or hernia. CONCLUSION: Pain remained a problem despite the pre-emptive use of opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and local anaesthesia, irrespective of surgical technique....

  2. Direct inguinal hernias and anterior surgical approach are risk factors for female inguinal hernia recurrences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian

    2014-01-01

    ), indirect inguinal hernia (IIH), combination hernia), the hernia type at the recurrent procedure (DIH, IIH, combination hernia, femoral hernia), anesthesia type, and time from primary procedure to reoperation were registered. RESULTS: A total of 5,893 females with primary elective inguinal hernia operation...... on in the study period (61 % IIH, 37 % DIH, 2 % combined hernias) were included with a median follow-up time of 72 months (range 0 to 169). A total of 305 operations for suspected recurrences were registered (61 % inguinal recurrences, 38 % femoral recurrences, 1 % no hernias), which corresponded to an overall...... reoperation rate of 5.2 %. All femoral recurrences occurred after a previous open anterior operation. The crude reoperation rate after primary DIH operation was 11.0 %, 3.0 % after primary IIH operation and 0.007 % after combined hernia operation (p 

  3. The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friis-Andersen H

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Hans Friis-Andersen1,2, Thue Bisgaard2,3 1Surgical Department, Horsens Regional Hospital, Horsens, Denmark; 2Steering Committee, Danish Hernia Database, 3Surgical Gastroenterological Department 235, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark Aim of database: To monitor and improve nation-wide surgical outcome after groin hernia repair based on scientific evidence-based surgical strategies for the national and international surgical community. Study population: Patients ≥18 years operated for groin hernia. Main variables: Type and size of hernia, primary or recurrent, type of surgical repair procedure, mesh and mesh fixation methods. Descriptive data: According to the Danish National Health Act, surgeons are obliged to register all hernia repairs immediately after surgery (3 minute registration time. All institutions have continuous access to their own data stratified on individual surgeons. Registrations are based on a closed, protected Internet system requiring personal codes also identifying the operating institution. A national steering committee consisting of 13 voluntary and dedicated surgeons, 11 of whom are unpaid, handles the medical management of the database. Results: The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database comprises intraoperative data from >130,000 repairs (May 2015. A total of 49 peer-reviewed national and international publications have been published from the database (June 2015. Conclusion: The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database is fully active monitoring surgical quality and contributes to the national and international surgical society to improve outcome after groin hernia repair. Keywords: nation-wide, recurrence, chronic pain, femoral hernia, surgery, quality improvement

  4. 21 CFR 876.5970 - Hernia support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hernia support. 876.5970 Section 876.5970 Food and... GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5970 Hernia support. (a) Identification. A hernia... contents. This generic type of device includes the umbilical truss. (b) Classification. Class I...

  5. [Type IV paraesophageal hernia with 60% of gastric necrosis. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Tovar, Fernando; Juárez-de La Torre, Juan Carlos; Pérez-Ayala, Luis Carlos; Quintero-Cabrera, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: las hernias paraesofágicas son de baja incidencia y generalmente asintomáticas; sin embargo, cuando provocan síntomas, el riesgo de complicaciones se incrementa y se convierten en una urgencia quirúrgica. Caso clínico: mujer de 53 años de edad, con cuadro clínico de tres semanas de evolución, caracterizado por dolor abdominal, náusea y vómito ocasionales, a lo que se agregó oclusión intestinal 24 horas antes de que acudiera a consulta. En la valoración radiográfica y tomográfica se observó una hernia paraesofágica que requería laparotomía exploradora. Se encontró un defecto diafragmático paraesofágico de 9 cm, con un saco herniario de contenido del estómago, colon transverso y epiplón, con necrosis gástrica de 60% (en el fondo y el cuerpo). Se le practicó una resección gástrica no anatómica y plastia diafragmática. El periodo postoperatorio fue complicado porque se le hicieron otras dos intervenciones quirúrgicas por dehiscencia de gastrectomía y una más por esofagostomía cervical y yeyunostomía tipo Witzel. Conclusiones: se recomienda la reparación electiva en todos los sujetos asintomáticos con hernia paraesofágica, con el fin de evitar las posibles complicaciones. El método de abordaje depende de la experiencia del cirujano y de las condiciones en que se encuentre la hernia y las estructuras involucradas al momento del diagnóstico.

  6. An inguinal hernia of a third kind?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, D M; Karmand, K J; Norwood, M G A

    2009-02-01

    Inguinal hernias are classified anatomically into indirect and direct types. We illustrate two cases of an inguinal hernia where the defect was demonstrated to lie between the deep ring and the inferior epigastric vessels, therefore, not fitting the standard criteria for either direct or indirect inguinal hernias. Taking this into account, we propose that the hernia which we describe should either be considered as a completely new type of inguinal hernia or, alternatively, all of the currently accepted classifications should be changed or adapted to incorporate it.

  7. Hiatus Hernia: A Rare Cause of Acute Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shruti Patel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hiatal hernia (HH is the herniation of elements of the abdominal cavity through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. A giant HH with pancreatic prolapse is very rare and its causing pancreatitis is an even more extraordinary condition. We describe a case of a 65-year-old man diagnosed with acute pancreatitis secondary to pancreatic herniation. In these cases, acute pancreatitis may be caused by the diaphragmatic crura impinging upon the pancreas and leading to repetitive trauma as it crosses the hernia; intermittent folding of the main pancreatic duct; ischemia associated with stretching at its vascular pedicle; or total pancreatic incarceration. Asymptomatic hernia may not require any treatment, while multiple studies have supported the recommendation of early elective repair as a safer route in symptomatic patients. In summary, though rare, pancreatic herniation should be considered as a cause of acute pancreatitis. A high index of suspicion for complications is warranted in cases like these.

  8. Mesh repair of hernias of the abdominal wall

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    textabstractA hernia of the abdominal wall is a permanent or intermittent protrusion of abdominal contents outside the abdominal cavity through a defect in the abdominal wall. Approximately 75% of all hernias occur in the inguinal region. Other types of hernias of the ventral abdominal wall are incisional, umbilical, epigastric and Spigelian hernia. In chapter 1 an overview of hernias of the abdominal wall is described. The incidence, clinical implications and treatment options and their comp...

  9. Herniography off femoral, obturator and perineal hernias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekberg, O.; Nordblom, I.; Fork, F.T.; Gullmo, A.

    1985-08-01

    Positive contrast herniography was used in the workup of 550 patients with unclear groin pain. The majority of these patients had rather characteristic hernias of indirect, direct or femoral type. However, now and then diagnostic problems arose. A femoral hernia may look like a direct or even obturator hernia. There is also a variety of multilocular femoral hernias and other types. A femoral hernia may be present together with other hernias in the ipsilateral or contralateral groin. Obturator hernias are usually small but are always confined to the obturator canal laterally in the obturator foramen. Abnormalities in the pouch of Douglas may include a deep rectogenital pouch, diverticula and true herniations. These uncommon herniographic findings are described and discussed.

  10. Laparoscopic lumbar hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madan, Atul K; Ternovits, Craig A; Speck, Karen E; Pritchard, F Elizabeth; Tichansky, David S

    2006-04-01

    Lumbar hernias are rare clinical entities that often pose a challenge for repair. Because of the surrounding anatomy, adequate surgical herniorraphy is often difficult. Minimally invasive surgery has become an option for these hernias. Herein, we describe two patients with lumbar hernias (one with a recurrent traumatic hernia and one with an incisional hernia). Both of these hernias were successfully repaired laparoscopically.

  11. Abdominal wall hernias: computed tomography findings; Hernias da parede abdomino-pelvica: aspectos tomograficos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Ippolito, Giuseppe; Rosas, George de Queiroz; Mota, Marcos Alexandre; Akisue, Sandra R. Tsukada; Galvao Filho, Mario de Melo[Hospital e Maternidade Sao Luiz, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Setor de US/TC/RMN]. E-mail: giuseppe_dr@uol.com.br

    2005-07-15

    Abdominal hernias are a common clinical problem Clinical diagnosis of abdominal hernias can sometimes be challenging, particularly in obese patients or patients with previous abdominal surgery. CT scan of the abdomen allows visualization of hernias and their contents and the differentiation from other masses of the abdominal wall such as tumors, hematomas and abscesses. Moreover, CT may identify complications such as incarceration, bowel obstruction, volvulus and strangulation. This study illustrates the CT scan findings observed in different types of abdominal wall hernias. (author)

  12. Epigastric Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez Acosta, Carlos Enrique; Romero Fernandez, Esperanza; Calvo Manuel, Elpidio

    2015-08-01

    Epigastric hernia is a common condition, mostly asymptomatic although sometimes their unusual clinical presentation still represents a diagnostic dilemma for clinician. The theory of extra tension in the epigastric region by the diaphragm is the most likely theory of epigastric hernia formation. A detailed history and clinical examination in our thin, elderly male patient who presented with abdominal pain and constipation of 5 days of evolution was crucial in establishing a diagnosis. Noninvasive radiologic modalities such as ultrasonographic studies in the case of our patient can reliably confirm the diagnosis of epigastric hernia.

  13. Direct and recurrent inguinal hernias are associated with ventral hernia repair: a database study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Sorensen, Lars T; Bay-Nielsen, Morten; Jorgensen, Lars N

    2013-02-01

    A systemically altered connective tissue metabolism has been demonstrated in patients with abdominal wall hernias. The most pronounced connective tissue changes are found in patients with direct or recurrent inguinal hernias as opposed to patients with indirect inguinal hernias. The aim of the present study was to assess whether direct or recurrent inguinal hernias are associated with an elevated rate of ventral hernia surgery. In the nationwide Danish Hernia Database, a cohort of 92,457 patients operated on for inguinal hernias was recorded from January 1998 until June 2010. Eight-hundred forty-three (0.91 %) of these patients underwent a ventral hernia operation between January 2007 and June 2010. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to assess an association between inguinal and ventral hernia repair. Direct (Odds Ratio [OR] = 1.28 [95 % CI, 1.08-1.51]) and recurrent (OR = 1.76, [95 % CI, 1.39-2.23]) inguinal hernias were significantly associated with ventral hernia repair after adjustment for age, gender, and surgical approach (open or laparoscopic). Patients with direct and recurrent inguinal herniation are more prone to ventral hernia repair than patients with indirect inguinal herniation. This is the first study to show that herniogenesis is associated with type of inguinal hernia.

  14. Internal hernias: a brief review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salar, O; El-Sharkawy, A M; Singh, R; Speake, W

    2013-06-01

    Hernias are very familiar to a core surgical trainee in the setting of clinics and the surgical assessment unit. By definition, a hernia is an abnormal protrusion of a viscus from one compartment to another. In clinic, they are visible lumps, exhibiting a cough reflex often with a well definable history making them readily identifiable. In the acute setting, they are the third commonest cause of small bowel obstruction in the developed world. Ventral and inguinal hernias account for the majority of these with only a small proportion due to internal hernias. This article aims to educate the core surgical trainee on the anatomy and distinguishing clinical features of these rare but important types of internal abdominal hernias.

  15. Lumbar hernia: a diagnostic dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Syed Tausif; Ranjan, Rajeeva; Saha, Subhendu Bikas; Singh, Balbodh

    2014-04-15

    Lumbar hernia is one of the rare cases that most surgeons are not exposed to. Hence the diagnosis can be easily missed. This leads to delay in the treatment causing increased morbidity. We report a case of lumbar hernia in a middle-aged woman. It was misdiagnosed as lipoma by another surgeon. It was a case of primary acquired lumbar hernia in the superior lumbar triangle. Clinical and MRI findings were correlated to reach the diagnosis. We also highlight the types, the process of diagnosis and the surgical repair of lumbar hernias. We wish to alert our fellow surgeons to keep the differential diagnosis of the lumbar hernia in mind before diagnosing any lumbar swelling as lipoma.

  16. A rare cause of intestinal obstruction: incarcerated femoral hernia, strangulated obturator hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uludag, M; Yetkin, G; Kebudi, A; Isgor, A; Akgun, I; Dönmez, A G

    2006-06-01

    Obturator hernia may occur bilaterally in association with another hernia, which is usually of the femoral type. We present a 77-year-old-woman who had abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting together with swelling of the right groin for 3 days. Incarcerated right femoral hernia and consequent mechanical small-bowel obstruction was diagnosed, and urgent operation was undertaken. As the incarcerated femoral hernia reduced spontaneously during the induction of anesthesia, a lower median incision was performed. During exploration, the real cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction was found to be a small intestinal loop strangulated in the left obturator hernia. Right femoral and left obturator hernia were repaired with preperitoneal polypropylene mesh. If there is enough time and general condition of the older patient is suitable, further diagnostic techniques for concomitant obturator hernias may be useful in patients who present with signs of incarcerated inguinal hernia and intestinal obstruction.

  17. Umbilical Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... complicated umbilical hernia with liver cirrhosis and ascites. International Journal of Surgery. 2014;12:181. Cameron JL, et al. In: Current Surgical Therapy. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; ...

  18. Epigastric Hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Epigastric hernia is a common condition, mostly asymptomatic although sometimes their unusual clinical presentation still represents a diagnostic dilemma for clinician. The theory of extra tension in the epigastric region by the diaphragm is the most likely theory of epigastric hernia formation. A detailed history and clinical examination in our thin, elderly male patient who presented with abdominal pain and constipation of 5 days of evolution was crucial in establishing a diagnosis. Noninva...

  19. The Danish Inguinal Hernia database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friis-Andersen, Hans; Bisgaard, Thue

    2016-01-01

    Aim of database To monitor and improve nation-wide surgical outcome after groin hernia repair based on scientific evidence-based surgical strategies for the national and international surgical community. Study population Patients ≥18 years operated for groin hernia. Main variables Type and size of hernia, primary or recurrent, type of surgical repair procedure, mesh and mesh fixation methods. Descriptive data According to the Danish National Health Act, surgeons are obliged to register all hernia repairs immediately after surgery (3 minute registration time). All institutions have continuous access to their own data stratified on individual surgeons. Registrations are based on a closed, protected Internet system requiring personal codes also identifying the operating institution. A national steering committee consisting of 13 voluntary and dedicated surgeons, 11 of whom are unpaid, handles the medical management of the database. Results The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database comprises intraoperative data from >130,000 repairs (May 2015). A total of 49 peer-reviewed national and international publications have been published from the database (June 2015). Conclusion The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database is fully active monitoring surgical quality and contributes to the national and international surgical society to improve outcome after groin hernia repair. PMID:27822094

  20. Laparoscopic features and repair of a combined left Spigelian hernia and left Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamary, S L; Chamary, V L

    2015-03-01

    Both Spigelian and Morgagni hernias cause serious morbidity so early diagnosis and timely treatment are necessary. These two types of hernia are more commonly found on the right side of patients. They are rare individually in adults and even rarer in combination. So far, an association between the two hernias has only been reported on the right. We describe the first case of a Spigelian hernia and a Morgagni hernia in a 62-year-old woman, both occurring on the left side. Our accompanying video describes several laparoscopic features that will help lead to early detection and diagnosis.

  1. Congenital Lumbar Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Sharma

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar hernia is a rare hernia. It constitutes less than one percent of all abdominal hernias. It can becongenital or acquired. Acquired can occur either spontaneously or after surgery or trauma. Only 300cases of lumbar hernia are reported till date. We report a case of congenital lumbar hernia in one month oldmale baby

  2. Spontaneous Enterocutaneous Fistula: A Rare Presentation of Incarcerated Femoral Hernia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Meriç Emre Bostanci; Ilker Özel; Birkan Bozkurt; Sinan Soylu; Mustafa Turan

    2015-01-01

      Although femoral hernias are less commonly seen compared with other types of hernias, they have an inversely proportional importance to its lower frequency because of its higher risk of strangulation...

  3. Multidetector-Row CT Findings of an Internal Supravesical Hernia: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Won; Shin, Hyeong Cheol; Kim, Hyung Hwan; Kim, Young Tong; Kim, Il Young; Kang, Kil Ho [Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    A supravesical hernia occurs in the supravesical fossa and is either classified as an external or internal supravesical hernia. Most patients with internal supravesical hernias present with small bowel obstruction. Internal supravesical hernias are less common than external supravesical hernia. To date, there are few reports describing the radiological findings of supravesical hernias. To our knowledge, this is the first reported multidetector row CT (MDCT) depiction of this type of hernia. We report here on the MDCT findings of a patient with an internal supravesical hernia presenting with small bowel obstruction

  4. Incidental non-inguinals hernias in totally extra-peritoneal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Old, O J; Kulkarni, S R; Hardy, T J; Slim, F J; Emerson, L G; Bulbulia, R A; Whyman, M R; Poskitt, K R

    2015-03-01

    Totally extra-peritoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair allows identification and repair of incidental non-inguinal groin hernias. We assessed the prevalence of incidental hernias during TEP inguinal hernia repair and identified the risk factors for incidental hernias. Consecutive patients undergoing TEP repair from May 2005 to November 2012 were the study cohort. Inspection for ipsilateral femoral, obturator and rarer varieties of hernia was undertaken during TEP repair. Patient characteristics and operative findings were recorded on a prospectively collected database. A total of 1,532 TEP repairs were undertaken in 1,196 patients. Ninety-three patients were excluded due to incomplete data, leaving 1,103 patients and 1,404 hernias for analyses (1,380 male; 802 unilateral and 301 bilateral repairs; median age, 59 years). Among the 37 incidental hernias identified (2.6% of cases), the most common type of incidental hernia was femoral (n=32, 2.3%) followed by obturator (n=2, 0.1%). Increasing age was associated with an increased risk of incidental hernia, with a significant linear trend (p60 years of age was 4.0% vs 1.4% for those aged hernias were found in 29.2% of females vs 2.2% of males, (phernia in those with a recurrent inguinal hernia was 3.0% vs 2.6% for primary repair (p=0.79). Incidental hernias during TEP inguinal hernia repair were found in 2.6% of cases and, though infrequent, could cause complications if left untreated. The risk of incidental hernia increased with age and was significantly higher in patients aged >60 years and in females.

  5. Ventral hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007661.htm Ventral hernia repair To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Ventral hernia repair is surgery to repair a ventral hernia. ...

  6. Hernias (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Your Child Natural Disasters: How Families Can Help Hernias KidsHealth > For Parents > Hernias Print A A A ... get your child the appropriate medical care. About Hernias When part of an organ or tissue in ...

  7. Umbilical hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umbilical hernia surgery ... and pain-free) for this surgery. If your hernia is small, you may receive spinal, epidural block , ... your belly button. Your surgeon will find your hernia and separate it from the tissues around it. ...

  8. Segmentalliverincarcerationthrougha recurrent incisional lumbar hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nikolaos S. Salemis; Konstantinos Nisotakis; Stavros Gourgiotis; Efstathios Tsohataridis

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Lumbar hernia is a rare congenital or acquired defect of the posterior abdominal wall. The acquired type is more common and occurs mainly as an incisional defect after lfank surgery. Incarceration or strangulation of hernia contents is uncommon. METHOD: Segmental liver incarceration through a recurrent incisional lumbar defect was diagnosed in a 58 years old woman by magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: The patient underwent an open repair of the com-plicated hernia. An expanded polytetralfouoroethylene (e-PTFE) mesh was fashioned as a sublay prosthesis. She had an uncomplicated postoperative course. Follow-up examinations revealed no evidence of recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Although lumbar hernia rarely results in incarceration or strangulation, early repair is necessary because of the risks of complications and the increasing dififculty in repairment as it enlarges. Surgical repair is often dififcult and challenging.

  9. The Danish Inguinal Hernia database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis-Andersen, Hans; Bisgaard, Thue

    2016-01-01

    of hernia, primary or recurrent, type of surgical repair procedure, mesh and mesh fixation methods. DESCRIPTIVE DATA: According to the Danish National Health Act, surgeons are obliged to register all hernia repairs immediately after surgery (3 minute registration time). All institutions have continuous...... access to their own data stratified on individual surgeons. Registrations are based on a closed, protected Internet system requiring personal codes also identifying the operating institution. A national steering committee consisting of 13 voluntary and dedicated surgeons, 11 of whom are unpaid, handles...... the medical management of the database. RESULTS: The Danish Inguinal Hernia Database comprises intraoperative data from >130,000 repairs (May 2015). A total of 49 peer-reviewed national and international publications have been published from the database (June 2015). CONCLUSION: The Danish Inguinal Hernia...

  10. Bilateral Petit’s Triangle Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar Bhasin, Arshad Bashir Khan, Sanjay Sharma

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar traingle hernia that occurs through lumbar triangles is very rare type of hernia. Only about 300 cases havebeen reported till date. Bilateral Petit’s triangle hernia find further rarity and the case under reference is probably thefirst ever reported case of Primary bilateral Petit’s triangle hernia. The present case is of a 46 years old married,multigravida female who presented with 1 year duration of LBA and subsequently notice of swelling both sides oflow back. FNAC revealed lipoma and on exploration it turned out to be rarest extra peritoneal bilateral Petit’s trianglehernia, fat as contents.

  11. Mesh repair of hernias of the abdominal wall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.W. Vrijland (Wietske)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractA hernia of the abdominal wall is a permanent or intermittent protrusion of abdominal contents outside the abdominal cavity through a defect in the abdominal wall. Approximately 75% of all hernias occur in the inguinal region. Other types of hernias of the ventral abdominal wall are inci

  12. Mesh repair of hernias of the abdominal wall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.W. Vrijland (Wietske)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractA hernia of the abdominal wall is a permanent or intermittent protrusion of abdominal contents outside the abdominal cavity through a defect in the abdominal wall. Approximately 75% of all hernias occur in the inguinal region. Other types of hernias of the ventral abdominal wall are inci

  13. Abdominal Wall Hernia: new perspectives for clinical research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.H. Eker (Hasan)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Abdominal wall surgery is a broad term, covering different treatment strategies for all different types of abdominal wall hernias. For example, an inguinal hernia is a totally different entity than an incisional hernia and requires a different treatment strategy. Nevert

  14. Transthoracic Repair of Asymptomatic Morgagni Hernia in an Adult

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Morgagni hernia represents a rare type of diaphragmatic hernia which usually occurs on the right side, in the anterior mediastinum. Predisposing factors of Morgagni hernia include pregnancy, obesity or other causes of increased intraabdominal pressure, and a history of trauma. Most of adults diagnosed with a foramen of Morgagni are asymptomatic. We report a case of an overweight 23-year-old asymptomatic patient with a Morgagni hernia incidentally diagnosed on chest x-ray. There was a satisfac...

  15. Antenatal diagnosis of a Morgagni hernia in the second trimester.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Krishan Kumar; Sen, Jyotsna; Rathee, Suresh Kanta; Saini, Jitender

    2008-02-01

    Morgagni hernia is an uncommon type of congenital hernia that is rarely diagnosed antenatally. Herniation of the liver into the fluid-filled pericardial sac resulting in a thoracic mass is a particularly rare form of Morgagni hernia; only 3 cases have been reported in the literature, all with a diagnosis made at 32 weeks' gestation or later. We report a case of Morgagni hernia diagnosed on antenatal sonography at 24 weeks' gestation.

  16. Morgagni Hernia in a Girl With Turner Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This report describes the delayed presentation of right-side Morgagni hernia in a 15-year-old girl with Turner syndrome. It is commonly associated with a number of systemic malformations and abnormalities. Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, which may not be symptomatic until adulthood when the patient presents with acute symptoms or incarceration. As this result, patients with Turner syndrome should be investigated for Morgagni hernia because there may be an as...

  17. Epigastric and Umbilical Hernia; Work Relatedness and Return to Work

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Abdominal wall hernia is common but reliable scientific data about its work relatedness is very limited and inconsistent. In this paper, a less common type of abdominal wall hernia in a 30 year old male worker is presented with recurrence after first surgery when he returned to work. In contrast with almost all kinds of hernia, a lifelong limitation for heavy lifting was recommended. It seems that contrary to popular belief, work relatedness of abdominal wall hernia is seriously doubtful, alt...

  18. A Rare Presentation of Maydl’s Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elroy Patrick Weledji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of an unsual type of obstructed indirect inguinal hernia with impending strangulation. The operative findings revealed a sliding Maydl’s hernia with an ischemic inner ileal loop and an adherent inflamed appendix. This case highlights the importance of intraoperative examination of the intra-abdominal bowel loops proximal to the hernia sac of an incarcerated, obstructed, or strangulated hernia.

  19. Incarcerated Amyand hernia with simultaneous rupture of an adenocarcinoma in an inguinal hernia sac: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Karanikas, Ioannis; Ioannidis, Argyrios; Siaperas, Petros; Efstathiou, Georgios; Drikos, Ioannis; Economou, Nicolaos

    2015-01-01

    Introduction An Amyand’s hernia is a rare occurrence of an inguinal hernia, with an estimated prevalence of 1%. The major complications of an Amyand’s hernia include necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior abdominal wall and secondary intestinal perforation. Though the incidence of this type of hernia is low, the appendix may easily become initially incarcerated, possibly leading to strangulation and perforation. Case presentation A 92-year-old female patient presented to our emergency departme...

  20. The MRI findings of a de Garengeot hernia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Halpenny, D

    2012-03-01

    The presence of the appendix within a femoral hernia is rare. It was first described by the French surgeon Jacques Croissant de Garengeot in 1731. This phenomenon accounts for 0.8-1% of all femoral hernias. Acute appendicitis occurring within a femoral hernia is even rarer and is difficult to diagnose pre-operatively. This type of hernia is termed a de Garengeot hernia. The ultrasonographic and CT imaging features of de Garengeot hernias have been described previously. We report a case of a 57-year-old female who presented with a painful right-sided groin mass. She underwent MRI of the inguinal region, which successfully diagnosed this rare hernia pre-operatively. To our knowledge, this is the first description of a de Garengeot hernia diagnosed using MRI.

  1. Systemic and local collagen turnover in hernia patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nadia A

    2016-01-01

    . METHODS AND RESULTS: In a systematic literature review, a total of 55 original articles were reviewed evaluating connective tissue alterations in patients with abdominal wall hernias. Patients with inguinal and incisional hernias exhibit a decreased type I to III collagen ratio in fascia and skin biopsies...... to controls. Pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-9 levels in the PTFE tubes did not differ between hernia patients and controls. A fascia transversalis biopsy was excised perioperatively in all four patient groups. There were no significant differences between hernia patients and controls in total collagen concentration...... or morphology of the fascia transversalis. 
 CONCLUSIONS: Direct and recurrent inguinal hernia repair are associated with ventral hernia repair, suggesting a systemic predisposition to the hernia disease. MMPs are not suitable as serum biomarkers for inguinal or incisional hernia disease. Serum biomarkers...

  2. Pain characteristics after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolver, Mette A; Strandfelt, Pernille; Rosenberg, Jacob;

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have shown different pain characteristics in different types of laparoscopic operations, but pain pattern has not been studied in detail after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. To optimise preoperative patient information and postoperative analgesic treatment the present study...... investigated postoperative pain in terms of time course, pain intensity and individual pain components during the first 4 days after transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP)....

  3. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T.T. Knook

    2002-01-01

    textabstractInguinal hernias are among the oldest surgical challenges, having been recognized by the Egyptians in 1500 BC and Hippocrates in 400 BC. Celsus in 40 AD described Roman surgical practice, including manual hernia reduction for strangulated hernia, truss for reducible hernia and surgery

  4. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T.T. Knook

    2002-01-01

    textabstractInguinal hernias are among the oldest surgical challenges, having been recognized by the Egyptians in 1500 BC and Hippocrates in 400 BC. Celsus in 40 AD described Roman surgical practice, including manual hernia reduction for strangulated hernia, truss for reducible hernia and surgery on

  5. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T.T. Knook

    2002-01-01

    textabstractInguinal hernias are among the oldest surgical challenges, having been recognized by the Egyptians in 1500 BC and Hippocrates in 400 BC. Celsus in 40 AD described Roman surgical practice, including manual hernia reduction for strangulated hernia, truss for reducible hernia and surgery on

  6. [Clinical anatomy of the esophagogastric junction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tănase, M; Aldea, A S

    2012-01-01

    The esophagogastric junction is a controversial anatomical area, due to its sphincteric mechanism which does not show an obvious anatomical basis. The aim of this study is to investigate the anatomical components that endoscopically indicate the mucosal esophagogastric junction in hiatal hernia patients. The esophagogastric junction was investigated in 27 hiatal hernia patients undergoing surgery. Hiatal hernia is an extension of the stomach situated between the esophagogastric junction and the diaphragmatic indentation. The following types of hiatal hernia were found: sliding hiatal hernia (type I) in 4 patients (14.81%), rolling hiatal hernia (type II) in 2 (7.4%), mixed hiatal hernia (type III) in 12 (44.44%), type IV hiatal hernia in 4 (14.81%) and recurrent hiatal hernia in 5 (18.51%). Of the 27 hiatal hernia patients, 8 (29.6%) were operated using classical procedures: laparotomy--6 (75%) and laparoscopic surgery--2 (25%). The angle of His cannot be used for marking the mucosal esophagogastric junction due to the severe damage of the lower esophageal sphincter in hiatal hernia patients. The squamocolumnar junction is displaced in hiatal hernia patients and was not an option for the study group. The distal end of the esophageal longitudinal palisading vessels needs medication (proton pump inhibitors that reduce the gastric acid production), in order to enhance the visibility of these vessels. The proximal end of gastric longitudinal mucosal folds proved to be the most reliable site to identify endoscopically the mucosal esophagogastric junction. The anatomical structure of the esophagogastric junction differs in hiatal hernia patients and these peculiarities are very important in surgery.

  7. Incarcerated Pediatric Hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulhai, Sophia A; Glenn, Ian C; Ponsky, Todd A

    2017-02-01

    Indirect inguinal hernias are the most commonly incarcerated hernias in children, with a higher incidence in low birth weight and premature infants. Contralateral groin exploration to evaluate for a patent processus vaginalis or subclinical hernia is controversial, given that most never progress to clinical hernias. Most indirect inguinal hernias can be reduced nonoperatively. It is recommended to repair them in a timely fashion, even in premature infants. Laparoscopic repair of incarcerated inguinal hernia repair is considered a safe and effective alternative to conventional open herniorrhaphy. Other incarcerated pediatric hernias are extremely rare and may be managed effectively with laparoscopy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Acute Intrathoracic Gastric Volvulus due to Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Rare Emergency Easily Overlooked

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyung Hun Kim

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Acute intrathoracic gastric volvulus occurs when the stomach undergoes organoaxial torsion in the chest due to either concomitant enlargement of the hiatus or a diaphragmatic hernia. Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia can occur after hiatal hernia repair and other surgical procedures, such as nephrectomy, esophagogastrectomy and splenopancreatectomy. We describe a 49-year-old woman who presented to our emergency department with acute moderate epigastric soreness and vomiting. She had undergone extensive gynecologic surgery including splenectomy 1 year before. The chest radiograph obtained in the emergency department demonstrated an elevated gastric air-fluid level in the left lower lung field. An urgent gastroscopy showed twisted structural abnormality of the stomach body. A computed tomography scan demonstrated the distended stomach, located in the left lower hemithorax through a left diaphragmatic defect. Emergent transthoracic repair was performed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful, and the patient did not experience any pain or difficulty with eating.

  9. [The history of treatment of groin hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legutko, Janusz; Pach, Radosław; Solecki, Rafał; Matyja, Andrzej; Kulig, Jan

    2008-01-01

    muscles. These modifications decreased recurrence rate to 3%. The next epoch in the history of hernia surgery lasting to present days is referred to as era of tensionless hernia repair. The tension of sutured layers was reduced by incisions of the rectal abdominal muscle sheath or using of foreign materials. The turning point in hernia surgery was discovery of synthetic polymers by Carothers in 1935. The first tensionless technique described by Lichtenstein was based on strengthening of the posterior wall of inguinal canal with prosthetic material. Lichtenstein published the data on 1,000 operations with Marlex mesh without any recurrence in 5 years after surgery. Thus fifth rule of groin hernia repair was introduced--tensionless repair. Another treatment method was popularized by Rene Stoppa, who used Dacron mesh situated in preperitoneal space without fixing sutures. First such operation was performed in 1975, and reported recurrence rates were quite low (1.4%). The next type of repair procedure was sticking of a synthetic plug into inguinal canal. Lichtenstein in 1968 used Marlex mesh plug (in shape of a cigarette) in the treatment of inguinal and femoral hernias. The mesh was fixated with single sutures. The next step was introduction of a Prolene Hernia System which enabled repair of the tissue defect in three spaces: preperitoneal, above transverse fascia and inside inguinal canal. Laproscopic treatment of groin hernias began in 20th century. The first laparoscopic procedure was performed by P. Fletcher in 1979. In 1990 Schultz plugged inguinal canal with polypropylene mesh. Later such methods like TAPP and TEP were introduced. The disadvantages of laparoscopic approach were: high cost and risk connected with general anesthesia. In conclusion it may be stated that history of groin hernia repair evolved from life-saving procedures in case of incarcerated hernias to elective operations performed within the limits of 1 day surgery.

  10. Incarcerated amyand hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fatih Ciftci; Ibrahim Abdulrahman

    2015-01-01

    Amyand's hernia is a rare condition defined by theinclusion of the appendix vermiformis within the herniasac. Its incidence among cases of groin hernia is lessthan 1%. The clinical manifestation of incarceratedinguinal hernia generally masks the symptoms andsigns of acute appendicitis, which renders preoperativediagnosis difficult. In this study, we present two casesof Amyand's hernia that were diagnosed preoperatively.The patients were taken for operation withthe prediagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia. Weevaluated these cases along with data from priorstudies.

  11. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of collagen types in the fascia transversalis of inguinal hernia patients A fascia transversalis na etiopatogenia da hérnia inguinal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Luiz Monteiro Meyer

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is the second most common surgical case in our field. The anatomical factors alone are not enough to explain the inguinal hernia. Studies show changes in the proportion and quantity of collagen fibers in the developing of inguinal hernia. The greater production of collagen type III compared to the type I could justify the thinning of the fascia transversalis and its weakness. AIM: To determine the quantitative and qualitative changes of collagen in the fascia transversalis in inguinal hernia patients and compare them to findings from corpses without inguinal hernia. METHOD: Prospective case-control study based on the biopsy of fascia transversalis of 27 patients and 24 corpses. The technique used was hematoxylin-eosin and picrosirius colorimetry. RESULTS: The medium percent area of collagen (types I + III and collagen type I, in both groups, show no statistic difference. The quantity of collagen type III was greater in the patients. Patients classified with Nyhus IIIa presented greater quantity of collagen type III. CONCLUSION: There is no significant difference in the quantity of collagen in the fascia transversalis of patients compared to the controls. An increase in the quantity of collagen type III was found in patients with inguinal hernia and a greater quantity in those patients classified with Nyhus IIIa.RACIONAL: A hérnia inguinal é a segunda afecção cirúrgica mais comum em nosso meio. Os fatores anatômicos, isoladamente, não são suficientes para explicar a ocorrência das hérnias inguinais. Estudos apontam alterações na proporção e quantidade de fibras colágenas no desenvolvimento da hérnia inguinal. A maior produção de colágeno tipo III em relação ao tipo I poderia justificar o adelgaçamento da fascia transversalis e sua fraqueza. OBJETIVO: Determinar as alterações quantitativas e qualitativas de colágeno na fascia transversalis de doentes com hérnia inguinal e compará-las com

  12. Rare case of obturator hernia in a patient with Marfan's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, R; Indiran, V; Kannan, K; Maduraimuthu, P; Varadarajan, C

    2014-06-01

    Obturator hernia is a very rare type of abdominal hernia which constitutes hernias. It is an important cause of small bowel obstruction which is associated with a high mortality rate if left untreated. Obturator hernia typically occurs in an elderly women or patients with chronically raised intraabdominal pressure or previous multiple pregnancies. We report a case of obstructed obturator hernia in a young female patient with Marfan's syndrome complicated with dissecting aortic aneurysm and chronic kidney disease. Though recurrent and incisional hernia constitutes one of the minor diagnostic criteria of Marfan's syndrome, obturator hernia being a very rare entity, has been reported very rarely in a patient with Marfan's syndrome.

  13. Amyand's hernia: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sofia Anagnostopoulou; Dimitrios Dimitroulis; Theodore G Troupis; Maria Allamani; Alexandros Paraschos; Antonios Mazarakis; Nikolaos I Nikiteas; Alkiviadis Kostakis

    2006-01-01

    The presence of vermiform appendix in inguinal hernia is rare and is known as Amyand's hernia. We report an Amyand's hernia, where the appendix was found in a right inguinal hernia in one male cadaver aged ninety two years.

  14. Morgagni Hernia in a Girl With Turner Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şenay Arıkan

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This report describes the delayed presentation of right-side Morgagni hernia in a 15-year-old girl with Turner syndrome. It is commonly associated with a number of systemic malformations and abnormalities. Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, which may not be symptomatic until adulthood when the patient presents with acute symptoms or incarceration. As this result, patients with Turner syndrome should be investigated for Morgagni hernia because there may be an association between the two, and Morgagni hernia may be asymptomatic. Turk Jem 2008; 12: 60-2

  15. First laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal repair of Laugier's hernia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, M; Dirican, A; Kose, E; Isik, B; Yilmaz, S

    2013-02-01

    An atypical femoral hernia developing through the lacunar ligament is called Laugier's hernia. Preoperative diagnosis of these atypical hernias is very difficult because of their rarity and similar clinical appearance to conventional femoral hernias. A 52-year-old female presented with right groin swelling. During laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair, a hernia sac through an opening in the lacunar ligament was diagnosed and repaired with mesh covering the inguinal floor. The surgeon should be alert to the possibility of an atypical femoral hernia when examining patients with inguinal hernias. A laparoscopic approach should be chosen instead of a conventional approach for the treatment of femoral hernias because of its high diagnostic and therapeutic capacity for all types of femoral hernia, including Laugier's.

  16. Inguinal hernia recurrence: Classification and approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campanelli Giampiero

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors reviewed the records of 2,468 operations of groin hernia in 2,350 patients, including 277 recurrent hernias updated to January 2005. The data obtained - evaluating technique, results and complications - were used to propose a simple anatomo-clinical classification into three types which could be used to plan the surgical strategy:Type R1: first recurrence ′high,′ oblique external, reducible hernia with small (< 2 cm defect in non-obese patients, after pure tissue or mesh repairType R2: first recurrence ′low,′ direct, reducible hernia with small (< 2 cm defect in non-obese patients, after pure tissue or mesh repairType R3: all the other recurrences - including femoral recurrences; recurrent groin hernia with big defect (inguinal eventration; multirecurrent hernias; nonreducible, linked with a controlateral primitive or recurrent hernia; and situations compromised from aggravating factors (for example obesity or anyway not easily included in R1 or R2, after pure tissue or mesh repair.

  17. Strangulated Morgagni’s Hernia: A Rare Diagnosis and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malav Modi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It accounts for only 3% of all diaphragmatic hernias. The defect is small and hernia being asymptomatic in the majority presents late in adulthood. Obstruction or incarceration in Morgagni hernia is uncommon. We report a rare occurrence of strangulated Morgagni hernia. A 40-year-old gentleman presented to our emergency department with features of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed a strangulated right Morgagni hernia. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with resection of the ischemic bowel segment with anastomosis and a primary repair of the diaphragmatic defect. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and asymptomatic at follow-up.

  18. Strangulated Morgagni's Hernia: A Rare Diagnosis and Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mate, Ajay; Rege, Samir

    2016-01-01

    Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It accounts for only 3% of all diaphragmatic hernias. The defect is small and hernia being asymptomatic in the majority presents late in adulthood. Obstruction or incarceration in Morgagni hernia is uncommon. We report a rare occurrence of strangulated Morgagni hernia. A 40-year-old gentleman presented to our emergency department with features of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed a strangulated right Morgagni hernia. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with resection of the ischemic bowel segment with anastomosis and a primary repair of the diaphragmatic defect. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and asymptomatic at follow-up. PMID:27891284

  19. Re-recurrence after operation for recurrent inguinal hernia. A nationwide 8-year follow-up study on the role of type of repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Thue; Bay-Nielsen, M.; Kehlet, H.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We analyze, on a nationwide basis, the risk of re-reoperation with reference to previous inguinal hernia repair technique. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Operation for a recurrent inguinal hernia is common and the risk of re-recurrence is high. There are no large-scale data evaluating...... the surgical strategy and results after recurrent inguinal hernia repairs. METHODS: Prospective recording of all primary and subsequent recurrent inguinal hernia repairs from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2005, in the national Danish Hernia Database, using the reoperation rate as a proxy for recurrence....... The re-reoperation rate was analyzed with reference to the technique of primary and recurrent inguinal hernia repair. RESULTS: After 67,306 primary hernia repairs there were 2117 reoperations (3.1%) and 187 re-reoperations (8.8%). The cumulated re-reoperation rate after primary Lichtenstein repair (n...

  20. Left paraduodenal hernias; Hernias paraduodenales izquierdas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Negrete, L.; Garcia-Lozano, J.; Sanchez, J. L.; Tejeiro, A.; Sala, J. [Hospital Valle del Nalon. Riano-Sama. Asturias (Spain)

    2002-07-01

    We report two cases of left paraduodenal internal hernias located in the fossa of Landzert that were diagnosed by CT. Internal hernias are an infrequent cause of acute abdomen, due to the intestinal sub occlusion they produce. Left paraduodenal hernias are responsible for about 50% of internal hernias. CT makes it possible to demonstrate the group of herniated loops between the stomach, fourth segment of the duodenum, descending colon, and tail of the pancreas. The identification of the loops in an atypical position together with displaced blood vessels (mesenteric vessels) and colon gives concerns on them a typical radiological semiology that makes them easily identifiable. (Author) 9 refs.

  1. [Hernia surgery in urology. Part 2: parastomal, trocar and incisional hernias - fundamentals of clinical diagnostics and treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, T; Schwalenberg, T; Dietrich, A; Müller, J; Stolzenburg, J-U

    2013-06-01

    Hernias are a common occurrence with a correspondingly huge clinical and economic impact on the healthcare system. Parastomal and trocar hernias are rare in routine urological work. The therapy of parastomal hernias remains problematic but basically the surgeon is able to use conventional techniques with suture repair or procedures with mesh implantation. The conventional parastomal hernia repair with mesh can be classified into sublay, onlay and intraperitoneal techniques. Furthermore, a relocation of the stoma is possible. Trocar hernias represent a rare but hazardous complication. Due to the increase in keyhole surgery there is also the danger of a rise in their occurrence. Incisional hernias occur frequently in patients who have undergone laparotomy and for repair different surgical techniques and types of meshes are available. This article presents an overview of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnostic and therapy of parastomal, trocar and incisional hernias.

  2. Umbilical hernia (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    An umbilical hernia is a protrusion of the peritoneum and fluid, omentum, or a portion of abdominal organ(s) through the ... spontaneously without treatment by age 1 or 2. Umbilical hernias are usually painless and are common in infants.

  3. Hernia Surgical Mesh Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prosthetics Hernia Surgical Mesh Implants Hernia Surgical Mesh Implants Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options ... majority of tissue used to produce these mesh implants are from a pig (porcine) or cow (bovine) ...

  4. Inguinal hernia - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000274.htm Inguinal hernia repair - discharge To use the sharing features on ... your child had surgery to repair an inguinal hernia caused by a weakness in the abdominal wall ...

  5. Inguinal hernia (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inguinal hernia is the result of an organ, usually bowel, protruding through a weak point or tear in the thin muscular abdominal wall. Inguinal hernias can restrict blood supply to the bowel herniated ...

  6. Inguinal hernia repair - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100027.htm Inguinal hernia repair - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... to slide 4 out of 4 Overview A hernia occurs when part of an organ protrudes through ...

  7. Pain characteristics after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolver, Mette A; Strandfelt, Pernille; Rosenberg, Jacob;

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have shown different pain characteristics in different types of laparoscopic operations, but pain pattern has not been studied in detail after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. To optimise preoperative patient information and postoperative analgesic treatment the present study...

  8. Inguinal hernia repair

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    A hernia usually presents as a painful lump in the groin, often associated with a large strain but it may also be asymptomatic and coincidentally discovered on routine examination. The incidence of hernia increases with age but a large number affected are working men and they can be severely disabled by the condition. Inguinal hernia is a common condition and 763 hernia operations were carried out in Government hospitals in Malta and Gozo during 1997.

  9. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    textabstractInguinal hernias are among the oldest surgical challenges, having been recognized by the Egyptians in 1500 BC and Hippocrates in 400 BC. Celsus in 40 AD described Roman surgical practice, including manual hernia reduction for strangulated hernia, truss for reducible hernia and surgery only for pain. The operation was performed via a scrotal incision and the wound was left open for secondary healing to increase scarring. Scar tissue was considered optimal reinforcement of the weak ...

  10. Femoral hernia causing pneumoperitoneum.

    OpenAIRE

    King, H. A.; Boulter, P. S.

    1986-01-01

    Richter's hernia, in which only a portion of the circumference of the intestine lies within the sac, is a common complication of femoral hernia. This case report is of 39 year old female who presented with a pneumoperitoneum and was found at laparotomy to have a right femoral Richter's hernia containing a knuckle of perforated small bowel. This is a previously unreported presentation of femoral hernia.

  11. Retrosternal (Morgagni) diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lojszczyk-Szczepaniak, Anna; Komsta, Renata; Debiak, Piotr

    2011-08-01

    This study presents the case of a shih tzu puppy, in which a rare congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed. The diagnosis was based on abdominal and thoracic radiographs, including a contrast study of the gastrointestinal tract, which revealed a co-existing umbilical hernia. Both hernias were repaired by surgery.

  12. Sports Hernia (Athletic Pubalgia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a traditional, abdominal hernia, it is a different injury. A sports hernia is a strain or tear of any ... to you about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. If you have a sports hernia, when your doctor does a physical examination, ...

  13. Inguinal hernia: medicolegal implications.

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Repair of an inguinal hernia is one of the commonest operations undertaken by surgeons but the role of trauma in causing inguinal hernia is not well understood. This paper does not attempt to discuss the cause of inguinal hernia but seeks to analyse the cases which may be accepted by the Courts as being due to trauma.

  14. The Femoral Hernia-a rare hernia and its treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andreas Hoeferlin

    2009-01-01

    @@ Introduction Hernias age protrusions through weak areas of our abdominal wall.The most common hernia is Inguinal Hernia in men.A rather rare hernia is the Femoral Hernia,a protrusion into the femotal canal next to the blood vessels in our groin (Picl).

  15. Right congenital pleuro-peritoneal hiatus hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankar DK

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are of various types which are due to the defect in the diaphragm and can be encountered in any period of life. Left mediastinal shift with right congenital diaphragmatic hernia is rare and life threatening malformation. We describe a case of right congenital diaphragmatic hernia of a newborn male infant, which died shortly after birth. The lobes of the liver were enlarged and occupied whole of the abdominal cavity. The stomach and intestinal loops were herniated into the right pleural cavity and partly into the left pleural cavity. Severe hypoplastic right lung, trilobed left lung and dextrocardia also were observed.

  16. Primary lumbar hernia: A rarely encountered hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharada Sundaramurthy

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: A surgeon may encounter a primary lumbar hernia perhaps once in his lifetime making it an interesting surgical challenge. Sound anatomical knowledge and adequate imaging are indispensable. Inspite of advances in minimally invasive surgery, it cannot be universally applied to patients with lumbar hernia and management requires a more tailored approach.

  17. Reoperation Rates for Laparoscopic vs Open Repair of Femoral Hernias in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Bisgaard, Thue; Kehlet, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    IMPORTANCE: In Denmark approximately 10 000 groin hernias are repaired annually, of which 2% to 4% are femoral hernias. Several methods for repair of femoral hernias are used including sutured repair and different types of mesh repair with either open or laparoscopic techniques. The use of many...... laparoscopic vs open femoral hernia repair, analyzing data from a nationwide database. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Data on femoral hernia repairs registered in the Danish Hernia Database from January 1998 until February 2012 were extracted and analyzed. All...... repairs were followed in the database and analyzed for reports of reoperation, which were used as a proxy for recurrence. Femoral hernia recurrence and inguinal hernia occurrence after the index repair were analyzed. EXPOSURE: Repair of a femoral hernia. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Reoperation...

  18. Is there a Place for Prebiotics in the Management of Neonatal Inguinal Hernia? A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhaou, Mahdi Ben; Zouari, Mohamed; Ammar, Saloua; Bouraoui, Amira; Gassara, Imene; Feki, Ines; Zitouni, , Hayet; Jallouli, Mohamed; Masmoudi, Jawaher; Gargouri, Abdellatif; Mhiri, Riadh

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the place of prebiotics in the management of neonatal inguinal hernia. Boys with a diagnosis of unilateral non-complicated inguinal hernia, aged less than 40 days, were prospectively followed from January 2012 to December 2014. Clinical and psychiatric data and outcomes were collected before and after prebiotics (Primalac AC) administration. Ninety-eight patients were included. There were 75 inguinal hernias and 23 inguino-scrotal hernias. Before prebiotics administration 72.2% of infants had abdominal distention and 98% had colic. After prebiotics, abdominal distention and colic regressed in 85.2% and 73.2% of patients, respectively. Hernias disappeared clinically in 66.3% of cases. The factors associated with the disappearance of hernias were the type of the hernia (pinguinal hernia. They decrease colic and abdominal distention, which seems helpful to prevent strangulation and probably get spontaneous resolution of small hernias. PMID:28083493

  19. Diagnosis and treatment of obturator hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakayama, Takamori; Kobayashi, Seiji; Shiraishi, Kou; Nishiumi, Takao; Mori, Syunji; Isobe, Kiyoshi; Furuta, Yoshiaki [Shizuoka Red Cross Hospital (Japan)

    2002-09-01

    Obturator hernia is a rare type of hernia, but it is a significant cause of intestinal obstruction due to the associated anatomy. Correct diagnosis and treatment of obturator hernia is important, because delay can lead to high mortality. Twelve patients with obturator hernia were managed during a 11-year period, including 11 women and 1 man with a mean age of 82 years. We compared our experience with the previously published data to establish standards for the diagnosis and treatment of this hernia. All 12 patients presented with intestinal obstruction. The median interval from admission to operation was 2 days. The Howship-Romberg sign was positive in 5 patients. A correct diagnosis was made in all 8 patients who underwent pelvic CT scanning. Surgery was performed via an abdominal approach (n=7) or an inguinal approach (n=5). The hernial orifice was closed using the uterine fundus (n=6), a patch (n=5), and direct suture (n=1). Mean follow-up time was 33 months, and no recurrence has been detected. The poor physical condition of patients might have led to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. In troubled patients with nonspecific intestinal obstruction, CT scanning is useful for the early diagnosis of obturator hernia. Correct CT diagnosis of obturator hernia allows us to select the inguinal approach combined with patch repair, which is minimally invasive surgery. (author)

  20. CT Diagnosis of Esophageal Hiatal Hernia%食管裂孔疝CT诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭泽兵; 周曙碧; 刘金贵

    2004-01-01

    食管裂孔疝为膈疝的一种,是腹腔内脏器通过食管裂孔进入胸腔而形成的。疝内容物多为胃,所以食管裂孔疝又称食管裂孔胃疝。本文收集6例井经食管钡餐证实,探讨其病因、临床表现及CT表现的特征,报告如下。

  1. Medical image of the week: Dobhoff placement in a patient with hiatal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekhon KK

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. A 79 year-old woman with a past medical history of obstructive sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on home oxygen, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, hypertension, and anxiety presented with a 2 day history of altered mental status and symptoms consistent with a COPD exacerbation, including dyspnea and increased oxygen requirements. She was found to be hypercarbic and did not tolerate a trial of BiPAP due to her altered mentation. She was subsequently intubated. Due to an expected prolonged intubation period, plans for enteral access were made. A Dobhoff naso-duodenal feeding tube (DHT was inserted. On chest radiograph and a concurrent abdominal radiograph, the DHT appeared to have been inserted into the left mainstem bronchus terminating in the left lower lobe (Figure 1A and 1B. The nursing staff removed and replaced the DHT resulting in a similar radiograph. A third placement was attempted with similar radiographic results. Therefore, a computed tomography (CT …

  2. Abdominal wall hernias-A local manifestation of systemically impaired quality of the extracellular matrix

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Mortensen, Joachim H; Lorentzen, Lea

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Throughout life, inguinal hernia develops in approximately every fourth man, some of whom develop multiple hernias. If patients at risk of developing multiple hernias could be identified by a serologic biomarker, treatment might be able to be tailored and improved. Evidence suggests...... that abdominal wall hernia formation is associated with altered collagen metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate biomarkers for type IV and V collagen turnover in patients with multiple hernias and control subjects without hernia. METHODS: Venous blood was collected from 88 men (mean age, 62 years...

  3. Prolene hernia system, ultrapro hernia system and 3D patch devices in the treatment of inguinal, femoral, umbilical and small incisional hernias in outpatient surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabić, D; Cerović, S; Azanjaç, B; Marić, B; Kostić, I

    2010-01-01

    The employment of a diversity of prosthetic materials and several types of mesh different in construction is opening a new chapter in hernia surgery and tension-free techniques are becoming a "golden standard" for repairing abdominal wall defects, whereas the conventional methods, i.e., the tension techniques are performed on young patients having small direct, indirect, or femoral hernias. The aim of this retrospective study is to present the results of using Prolene Hernia System (PHS), Ultrapro Hernia System (UHS) and 3D Patch (3DP) devices in the treatment of inguinal, femoral, umbilical and small incisional hernias in outpatient surgery. From January 2006 to January 2009, 70 patients were operated on for abdominal wall hernias (54 inguinal, 4 femoral, 8 umbilical and 4 small incisional hernias) using PHS, UHS and 3DP devices. All the patients underwent surgery under local infiltrative anaesthesia. All the surgical operations were performed by a single surgeon, 19 of them in the General Hospital and 51 in a private polyclinic. The mean size of the hernia defect in the inguinal, femoral and umbilical hernias was 2.5 cm (1-4 cm), while in the incisional hernias it was 4.5 cm (3-6 cm). The mean operating time was 2.4 hrs (2-6 hrs). There were no requirement for urinary drains. The mean follow-up was 18 months (0-36 months). The incidence of infection, chronic pain and recurrence was 0%. Three of the patients had complications: seroma in one patient with an incisional hernia and hematoma in two patients after inguinal hernia repair. The employment of PHS, UHS and 3DP devices, which have not yet been widely accepted in our hospitals, has had outstanding results in outpatient surgery. In addition, the type of anaesthesia and the 3D mesh construction prepare the way for a short hospital stay, smooth recovery and a swift return to normal activity.

  4. [Morgagni hernia mimicking intrathoracic lipomatous tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Carlos Silva; Bernardo, João; Eugénio, Luís; Antunes, Manuel J

    2013-01-01

    Morgagni hernia is the rarest type of diaphragmatic hernia, accounting for 2% of all cases. It consists in the thoracic protrusion of fat and/or abdominal viscera through a congenital defect in a retro or parasternal position. The clinical importance of this pathological entity is associated with the fact that it can be asymptomatic, mimicking other diseases, such as a large intrathoracic lipoma, as it happened in the case presented here. Incorrect diagnosis can cause catastrophic complications during surgery.

  5. Unusual encounters in a hernia sac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketan Vagholkar

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Contents of a hernia sac are always a surprise. In most cases the contents of the sac determine the type of repair. A case of an inguinal hernia sac containing the appendix along with the dislodged end of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube is presented in view of its rarity. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(5.000: 1728-1729

  6. Amyad's hernia while reparing the bilateral inguinal hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Arif Aslaner; Tuğrul Çakır; Umut Rıza Gündüz; Burhan Mayir; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2015-01-01

    Amyand's hernia is the term used for inguinal hernia containing appendix. It is a rare condition and found in 1% of inguinal hernia repairs. Here we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 61 years old male who was diagnosed with bilateral inguinal hernia. He underwent surgery and bilateral inguinal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes and without appendectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully. 

  7. Amyad's hernia while reparing the bilateral inguinal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Aslaner

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Amyand's hernia is the term used for inguinal hernia containing appendix. It is a rare condition and found in 1% of inguinal hernia repairs. Here we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 61 years old male who was diagnosed with bilateral inguinal hernia. He underwent surgery and bilateral inguinal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes and without appendectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully. 

  8. Amyad's hernia while reparing the bilateral inguinal hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Arif Aslaner; Tuğrul Çakır; Umut Rıza Gündüz; Burhan Mayir; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2015-01-01

    Amyand's hernia is the term used for inguinal hernia containing appendix. It is a rare condition and found in 1% of inguinal hernia repairs. Here we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 61 years old male who was diagnosed with bilateral inguinal hernia. He underwent surgery and bilateral inguinal hernia repair with prosthetic meshes and without appendectomy. The patient was discharged uneventfully. 

  9. The collagen turnover profile is altered in patients with inguinal and incisional hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Mortensen, Joachim H; Sorensen, Lars T;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Disturbed metabolism in the extracellular matrix (ECM) contributes to formation of abdominal wall hernias. The aim of this study was to gain deeper insight into the ECM turnover in hernia patients by analyzing serum biomarkers specifically reflecting collagen synthesis and breakdown...... in the interstitial matrix (types I, III, and V collagens) and in the basement membrane (type IV collagen). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with 3 different types of hernias were included: Primary unilateral inguinal hernia (n = 17), multiple hernias defined as ≥3 hernias (n = 21), and incisional hernia (n = 25......). Patients without hernias scheduled to undergo elective operation for gallstones (n = 18) served as controls. Whole venous blood was collected preoperatively. Biomarkers for synthesis of interstitial matrix (PINP, Pro-C3, P5CP) and basement membrane (P4NP) as well as corresponding degradation (C1M, C3M, C5M...

  10. Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Back to Healthy Living Treating and Preventing Sports Hernias If you play ice hockey, tennis or soccer, ... the most commonly misdiagnosed groin pain—a sports hernia. A sports hernia often results from overuse of ...

  11. A CLINICAL STUDY ON SLIDING INGUINAL HERNIAS

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    Sobha Rani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: A sliding hernia is a type of hernia in which posterior wall of the sac is not only formed by the parietal peritoneum, but also by sigmoid colon with its mesentery on its left side; caecum on right side and often with portion of bladder in both sides. During surgery care is taken not t o separate the content from the sac as the posterior wall of the sac is formed by the sliding component itself and attempts to dissect it from wall results in vascular injury to the structure and end in ischemic insult of the sliding component. Thus slidin g hernia is important for the special surgical technique and care during intraoperative period which decreases the morbidity. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE S : To study the incidence of sliding hernia in S.V.R.R.G. General Hospital Tirupati . To know the presentation, o rgan involved in the sliding, post - operative complications in the management of sliding hernias. METHODOLOGY : STUDY DESIGN: Prospective Clinical Study , STUDY AREA: Sri Venka teswara Medical College Tirupat i . SOURCE OF DATA: This study is an observational study in which 600 patients with hernia were studied and 40 patients with sliding component during intra operative period were studied in a period of 12 months. S AMPLE SIZE: 40 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria . METHOD OF COLLECTION OF DATA: Detai led history taking , Complete clinical examination , Appropriate Investigations Blood & Urine Examination, USG , Surgery is performed & Operative findings were recorded. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients more than 13 years, with inguinal hernia giving written inform ed consent. EXCLUSION C RITERIA: Patients less than 13 yrs. Patients with comorbid conditions like heart diseases, liver and renal diseases. SOFTWARE: Statistical software mainly SPSS 11.0 and Systat 8.00 was used for the analysis of the data and Microsoft word and excel have been used to generate graphs tables etc. CONCLUSION: In the observational study done on 40 ca ses of

  12. ACUTE TRAUMATIC VENTRAL HERNIA

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    Dinesh

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : A traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare type of hernia, which follows blunt trauma to the abdomen, where disruption of the musculature and fascia occu rs, with the overlying skin remaining intact. Associated abdominal injuries are infrequent. An elderly male patient was seen in emergency within 6 hrs of alleged history of bull gore injury, while working in the fields; he presented with complaints of pain abdomen and swelling in the right side of lower abdomen. On Examination, soft, tender swelling is noted in RIF with overlying contusion, which increased in size over the next two days, with expansile cough impulse. Swelling was completely reducible and vi sible peristalsis seen.USG Abdomen showed defect in right iliac fossa abdominal wall with bowel loops in subcutaneous plane. A local exploration was performed incorporating the site of injury. A defect in all layers of abdominal wall muscles in right iliac fossa with intact skin and subcutaneous tissue was found. Primary tension free repair of the defect in layers done with inlay placement of prolene mesh due to poor abdominal muscle tone. A high index of clinical suspicion is essential, as an accompanying hematoma often confounds the diagnosis. Mesh repair is desirable in the elderly with weak anterior abdominal wall so as to prevent the long - term complications of recurrences

  13. Laparoscopic repair of femoral hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Xue-Fei; Liu, Jia-Lin

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia is mini-invasive and has confirmed effects. Femoral hernia could be repaired through the laparoscopic procedures for inguinal hernia. These procedures have clear anatomic view in the operation and preoperatively undiagnosed femoral hernia could be confirmed and treated. Lower recurrence ratio was reported in laparoscopic procedures compared with open procedures for repair of femoral hernia. The technical details of laparoscopic repair of femoral hernia, ...

  14. Lichtenstein versus Onstep for inguinal hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Burcharth, Jakob; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Inguinal hernia is a common condition that affects millions of people world-wide every year. In Denmark (population of 5.5 million), more than 10,000 repairs of inguinal hernias are performed annually. The optimal surgical procedure for mesh placement and fixation is still being debated because...... of long-term complications such as persisting pain and impairment of sexual function. The Onstep approach is a newer type of groin hernia repair with promising preliminary results in terms of very few cases of chronic pain and recurrences. This protocol describes a randomised clinical trial the objective...... of which is to evaluate chronic pain and sexual dysfunction after inguinal hernia repair using the Lichtenstein repair compared with the Onstep approach....

  15. Lichtenstein versus Onstep for inguinal hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Burcharth, Jakob; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Inguinal hernia is a common condition that affects millions of people world-wide every year. In Denmark (population of 5.5 million), more than 10,000 repairs of inguinal hernias are performed annually. The optimal surgical procedure for mesh placement and fixation is still being debated because...... of which is to evaluate chronic pain and sexual dysfunction after inguinal hernia repair using the Lichtenstein repair compared with the Onstep approach....... of long-term complications such as persisting pain and impairment of sexual function. The Onstep approach is a newer type of groin hernia repair with promising preliminary results in terms of very few cases of chronic pain and recurrences. This protocol describes a randomised clinical trial the objective...

  16. Epigastric and Umbilical Hernia; Work Relatedness and Return to Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramin Mehrdad

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abdominal wall hernia is common but reliable scientific data about its work relatedness is very limited and inconsistent. In this paper, a less common type of abdominal wall hernia in a 30 year old male worker is presented with recurrence after first surgery when he returned to work. In contrast with almost all kinds of hernia, a lifelong limitation for heavy lifting was recommended. It seems that contrary to popular belief, work relatedness of abdominal wall hernia is seriously doubtful, although conclusive evidences are not enough. It is preferable to make decisions cautiously for return to heavy duties of work after surgery of large umbilical, umbilical & epigastric or incisional hernia, while avoiding recommendations for long days off work after surgery of any hernia.

  17. Epigastric and umbilical hernia; work relatedness and return to work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrdad, Ramin; Sadeghniiat Haghighi, Khosro; Naseri Esfahani, Amir Hossein

    2013-01-01

    Abdominal wall hernia is common but reliable scientific data about its work relatedness is very limited and inconsistent. In this paper, a less common type of abdominal wall hernia in a 30 year old male worker is presented with recurrence after first surgery when he returned to work. In contrast with almost all kinds of hernia, a lifelong limitation for heavy lifting was recommended. It seems that contrary to popular belief, work relatedness of abdominal wall hernia is seriously doubtful, although conclusive evidences are not enough. It is preferable to make decisions cautiously for return to heavy duties of work after surgery of large umbilical, umbilical & epigastric or incisional hernia, while avoiding recommendations for long days off work after surgery of any hernia.

  18. CLINICAL STUDY AND MANAGEMENT OF INCISIONAL HERNIA

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    Jyothirmayi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Incisional hernia follows operations on the anterolateral abdominal wall. It is a diffuse extrusion of peritoneum and abdominal contents through a weak scar due to the failure of the lines of closure of the abdominal wall following laparotomy. The incidence of incisional hernia varies widely in different series published and is at least 10% as shown in longterm follow-up studies. Clarification regarding the type of mesh and its positioning and operative methods of open surgery and laparoscopic repair needs to be addressed. In addition to surgical closure techniques, patient's risk factors also influence surgical outcome following wound closure. RESULTS Age, gender and risk factors such as diabetes, Hypertension, Anaemia, Obesity, COPD and Type of previous incision contribute to the development of primary and recurrent incisional hernia. Although complete prevention of development of incisional hernia is not possible, repair of hernia by replacement of simple suture technique with that of mesh reinforcement has shown better longterm results and patient satisfaction. CONCLUSION For management of incisional hernia, the available evidence has been favourable for good quality long term results with mesh repair techniques.

  19. Inguinal hernia repair: toward Asian guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomanto, Davide; Cheah, Wei-Keat; Faylona, Jose Macario; Huang, Ching Shui; Lohsiriwat, Darin; Maleachi, Andy; Yang, George Pei Cheung; Li, Michael Ka-Wai; Tumtavitikul, Sathien; Sharma, Anil; Hartung, Rolf Ulrich; Choi, Young Bai; Sutedja, Barlian

    2015-02-01

    Groin hernias are very common, and surgical treatment is usually recommended. In fact, hernia repair is the most common surgical procedure performed worldwide. In countries such as the USA, China, and India, there may easily be over 1 million repairs every year. The need for this surgery has become an important socioeconomic problem and may affect health-care providers, especially in aging societies. Surgical repair using mesh is recommended and widely employed in Western countries, but in many developing countries, tissue-to-tissue repair is still the preferred surgical procedure due to economic constraints. For these reason, the development and implementation of guidelines, consensus, or recommendations may aim to clarify issues related to best practices in inguinal hernia repair in Asia. A group of Asian experts in hernia repair gathered together to debate inguinal hernia treatments in Asia in an attempt to reach some consensus or develop recommendations on best practices in the region. The need for recommendations or guidelines was unanimously confirmed to help overcome the discrepancy in clinical practice between countries; the experts decided to focus mainly on the technical aspects of open repair, which is the most common surgery for hernia in our region. After the identification of 12 main topics for discussion (indication, age, and sex; symptomatic and asymptomatic hernia: type of hernia; type of treatment; hospital admission; preoperative care; anesthesia; surgical technique; perioperative care; postoperative care; early complications; and long-term complications), a search of the literature was carried out according to the five levels of the Oxford Classification of Evidence and the four grades of recommendation.

  20. Transthoracic repair of asymptomatic morgagni hernia in an adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pousios, Dimitrios; Panagiotopoulos, Nikolaos; Piyis, Anastasios; Gourgiotis, Stavros

    2012-10-01

    Morgagni hernia represents a rare type of diaphragmatic hernia which usually occurs on the right side, in the anterior mediastinum. Predisposing factors of Morgagni hernia include pregnancy, obesity or other causes of increased intraabdominal pressure, and a history of trauma. Most of adults diagnosed with a foramen of Morgagni are asymptomatic. We report a case of an overweight 23-year-old asymptomatic patient with a Morgagni hernia incidentally diagnosed on chest x-ray. There was a satisfactory result after the repair by a transthoracic approach.

  1. Bochdalek Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in an Adult Sheep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, R. D.; Katz, M. G.; Fargnoli, A. S.; Kendle, A. P.; Mihalko, K. L.; Bridges, C. R.

    2016-01-01

    Summary Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare condition. The aetiology of CDH is often unclear. In our case, a hollow mass was noted on MRI. Cardiac ejection fraction was diminished (47.0%) compared to 60.5% (average of 10 other normal animals, P < 0.05). The final diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Bochdalek type) was made when the sheep underwent surgery. The hernia was right-sided and contained the abomasum. Lung biopsy demonstrated incomplete development with a low number of bronchopulmonary segments and vessels. The likely cause of this hernia was genetic malformation. PMID:26293994

  2. Bochdalek Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in an Adult Sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, R D; Katz, M G; Fargnoli, A S; Kendle, A P; Mihalko, K L; Bridges, C R

    2016-06-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare condition. The aetiology of CDH is often unclear. In our case, a hollow mass was noted on MRI. Cardiac ejection fraction was diminished (47.0%) compared to 60.5% (average of 10 other normal animals, P congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Bochdalek type) was made when the sheep underwent surgery. The hernia was right-sided and contained the abomasum. Lung biopsy demonstrated incomplete development with a low number of bronchopulmonary segments and vessels. The likely cause of this hernia was genetic malformation.

  3. Bilaterally Incarcerated Morgagni Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuhal Demirhan Yananli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a rare congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It is seen rarely bilaterally. Patients are usually asymptomatic. Therefore, diagnosis may be delayed until adulthood. Significant morbidity can occur in case complications arise and diagnosis is delayed. The patient, a 74 year-old female, presented in this article, was admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain, vomiting, and shortness of breath. The plain abdominal radiograph of the patient revealed bowel obstruction and suspicious appearence in favor of the diaphragmatic hernia on both sides of the sternum. Computed tomography revealed bilaterally incarcerated Morgagni hernia with strangulated omentum in the right side of the sternum and a part of colon in the left side of sternum. Incarcerated organs were withdrawn to peritoneal cavity and defects of hernia were sutured primarily on laparatomy. Because bilateral incarcerated Morgagni hernia can be seen rarely, this case was reported.

  4. Predictors of Incisional Hernia after Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash Chennamsetty

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. To explore the long term incidence and predictors of incisional hernia in patients that had RARP. Methods. All patients who underwent RARP between 2003 and 2012 were mailed a survey reviewing hernia type, location, and repair. Results. Of 577 patients, 48 (8.3% had a hernia at an incisional site (35 men had umbilical, diagnosed at (median 1.2 years after RARP (mean follow-up of 5.05 years. No statistically significant differences were found in preoperative diabetes, smoking, pathological stage, age, intraoperative/postoperative complications, operative time, blood loss, BMI, and drain type between patients with and without incisional hernias. Incisional hernia patients had larger median prostate weight (45 versus 38 grams; P=0.001 and a higher proportion had prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy (12.5% (6/48 versus 4.6% (22/480; P=0.033. Overall, 4% (23/577 of patients underwent surgical repair of 24 incisional hernias, 22 umbilical and 2 other port site hernias. Conclusion. Incisional hernia is a known complication of RARP and may be associated with a larger prostate weight and history of prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is concern about the underreporting of incisional hernia after RARP, as it is a complication often requiring surgical revision and is of significance for patient counseling before surgery.

  5. [Spontaneous bilateral Petit hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontoura, Rodrigo Dias; Araújo, Emerson Silveira de; Oliveira, Gustavo Alves de; Sarmenghi Filho, Deolindo; Kalil, Mitre

    2011-01-01

    Petit's lumbar hernia is an uncommon defect of the posterior abdominal wall that represents less than 1% of all abdominal wall hernias. It is more often unilateral and founded in young females, rarely containing a real herniated sac. There are two different approaches to repair: laparoscopy and open surgery. The goal of this article is to report one case of spontaneous bilateral lumbar Petit's hernia treated with open surgery.

  6. Internal hernia through the pouch of douglas after hysterectomy: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Dong Jin; Cho, Seung Hyun; Shin, Hyun Woong; Kim, Tae Eun; Kim, Byung Young; Kim, Hee Jin [Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-05-15

    Internal hernia is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction. Among the different types of internal hernias, the pelvic hernia is extremely rare. We report the radiographic findings of a patient with a Douglas pouch hernia presenting with closed loop obstruction at the anterior aspect of the distal rectum. The patient was a 60 year old female, who had undergone a hysterectomy 20 years prior, for treatment of a uterine myoma.

  7. Laparoscopic repair of congenital pleuroperitoneal hernia using a polypropylene mesh in a dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.F. Hartmann

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Pleuroperitoneal hernias are the most uncommon type of diaphragmatic hernias in dogs and cats. The treatment of choice is surgery and may involve the use of prosthetic implant through celiotomy. In the current report, laparoscopic repair of a congenital pleuroperitoneal hernia using polypropylene mesh in a dog is described. The surgery was feasible. Appropriate reduction of the hernia was carried out and no complications were noted.

  8. Femoral hernia repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Femorocele repair; Herniorrhaphy; Hernioplasty - femoral ... During surgery to repair the hernia, the bulging tissue is pushed back in. The weakened area is sewn closed or strengthened. This repair ...

  9. Adult abdominal hernias.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murphy, Kevin P

    2014-06-01

    Educational Objectives and Key Points. 1. Given that abdominal hernias are a frequent imaging finding, radiologists not only are required to interpret the appearances of abdominal hernias but also should be comfortable with identifying associated complications and postrepair findings. 2. CT is the imaging modality of choice for the assessment of a known adult abdominal hernia in both elective and acute circumstances because of rapid acquisition, capability of multiplanar reconstruction, good spatial resolution, and anatomic depiction with excellent sensitivity for most complications. 3. Ultrasound is useful for adult groin assessment and is the imaging modality of choice for pediatric abdominal wall hernia assessment, whereas MRI is beneficial when there is reasonable concern that a patient\\'s symptoms could be attributable to a hernia or a musculoskeletal source. 4. Fluoroscopic herniography is a sensitive radiologic investigation for patients with groin pain in whom a hernia is suspected but in whom a hernia cannot be identified at physical examination. 5. The diagnosis of an internal hernia not only is a challenging clinical diagnosis but also can be difficult to diagnose with imaging: Closed-loop small-bowel obstruction and abnormally located bowel loops relative to normally located small bowel or colon should prompt assessment for an internal hernia.

  10. Prolene Hernia System in the Tension-Free Repair of Primary Inguinal Hernias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayesh Gohel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using the Prolene (polypropylene Hernia System for open tension-free repair on inguinal hernias, and study the results in terms of operation time, patient comfort, hospital stay, return to normal activity and postoperative complications. Material and Methods: From February 2002 through April 2003, we performed 50 open tension-free hernia repairs on 47 patients (46 men, 1 woman with a mean age of 55.8 years. There were 26 right and 18 left hernias, and 3 were bilateral. Of these, 39 were direct, 10 were indirect and 1 was femoral type. All were primary hernias. Results: The duration of surgery averaged 35 minutes (range 20 to 90 min. There was no perioperative mortality. Four patients developed mild self-limiting neuralgias. There were no subcutaneous wound infections, no haematomas, no seromas and no testicular atrophy. The average duration of postoperative hospitalisation was 3.5 days. The length of follow-up ranged from 1 month to 15 months (mean= 6.24 months. We have had no recurrences so far. Conclusion: The Prolene Hernia System is a novel approach in the management of inguinal hernias, with encouraging initial results. Its long-term efficacy needs to be studied with larger, prospective double-blind randomized trials, with longer follow-up. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(3.000: 302-305

  11. Abdominal wall hernias-A local manifestation of systemically impaired quality of the extracellular matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Mortensen, Joachim H; Lorentzen, Lea; Ågren, Magnus S; Bay-Jensen, Anne C; Jorgensen, Lars N; Karsdal, Morten A

    2016-07-01

    Throughout life, inguinal hernia develops in approximately every fourth man, some of whom develop multiple hernias. If patients at risk of developing multiple hernias could be identified by a serologic biomarker, treatment might be able to be tailored and improved. Evidence suggests that abdominal wall hernia formation is associated with altered collagen metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate biomarkers for type IV and V collagen turnover in patients with multiple hernias and control subjects without hernia. Venous blood was collected from 88 men (mean age, 62 years) with a history of more than 3 hernia repairs and 86, age-matched men without hernias. Biomarkers for synthesis of collagen type IV (P4NP) and type V (P5CP) as well as breakdown (C4M and C5M) were measured in serum by validated, solid-phase, competitive assays. Collagen turnover was indicated by the ratio between the biomarker for synthesis and breakdown. Type IV collagen turnover was 1.4-fold increased in patients with multiple hernias compared to control subjects (P hernias exhibit increased turnover of type IV collagen and a decreased turnover of type V collagen, demonstrating systemically altered collagen turnover. Biomarkers for type V collagen turnover may be used to identify patients at risk for or with multiple hernias. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. A STUDY ON INCISIONAL HERNIA FOLLOWING OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGICAL SURGERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumathi Ravikumar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The term ventral hernia encompasses incisional, epigastric, paraumbilical, spigelian and traumatic hernias. This is a hernia that protrudes through defect in an abdominal wound. With evolution of modern surgery and rapid increase in the number of abdominal operations performed, incisional hernias have risen in frequency and this hernia seems to be more common in females following obstetric and gynaecological surgeries. This study undertaken to stress the problem of incisional hernias in females occurring after obstetric and gynaecological surgeries. The aim of the study is to- 1. Study the incidence and prevalence of incisional hernias following obstetrics and gynaecological surgeries in KAPV Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli. 2. Study aetiological factors for incisional hernia following obstetric and gynaecological surgeries. 3. Analyse preventive measures. 4. Analyse the problems in females, which led to incisional hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS 178 cases of incisional hernia admitted in KAPV Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli, during the period of 2 years from June 2014 to May 2016. The cases analysed according to age, previous history, type of incision, suture material used and associated comorbidities. RESULTS Maximum age affected is between 50 to 59 years and with 10 years of surgery. Incidence more following LSCS with midline incision. Incidence more with the usage of absorbable suture material. Postoperative wound infection and anaemia were leading associated factors for incisional hernia. CONCLUSION The incidence of incisional hernia is more common in females especially in obese and multiparous woman. The incidence is more after LSCS and puerperal sterilisation. Onlay reinforced mesh repair using Prolene mesh have given good results. Prolene mesh appears to be best tolerated by body tissues. The use of closed suction drain have significantly reduced the postoperative wound infection.

  13. Association between levator hiatal dimensions on ultrasound during first pregnancy and mode of delivery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Veelen, G. A.; Schweitzer, K. J.; van Hoogenhuijze, N. E.; van der Vaart, C. H.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To determine the association between levator hiatal dimensions, measured using transperineal ultrasound, in women during their first pregnancy and the subsequent mode of delivery, stratified by the indication for intervention. Methods In this prospective observational study, 280 nulliparo

  14. Groin hernia subtypes are associated in patients with bilateral hernias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian;

    2015-01-01

    for a DIH. Females and males operated for a unilaterally indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) had HRs of 6.93 (CI 95% 3.66-13.11) and 1.89 (CI95% 1.24-2.88) for being contralaterally operated for an IIH. The same tendency was seen for femoral hernias. CONCLUSIONS: All hernia subtypes were bilaterally associated......BACKGROUND: To investigate the relation between groin hernia subtypes in patients operated for bilateral hernias. METHODS: With data from the Danish Hernia Database, we identified all patients operated for primary groin hernias from 1998 to 2012. Within this cohort all patients that were...... bilaterally operated were analyzed. Risk factors for bilateral groin hernia operation as well as the relationship between groin hernia subtypes bilaterally, were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis and Kappa statistics. RESULTS: A total of 108, 775 persons with primary groin hernia...

  15. [Voluminous complicated epigastric hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palade, R; Voiculescu, D; Suliman, E; Lutic, C

    2009-01-01

    Epigastric hernia, apparently minor injury, neglected can reach impressive sizes, with major un-esthetic effect. In an unfavorable clinically context (morbid obesity, chronic respiratory failure, ground cancer, diabetes, heart failure) complications occur (incarceration, strangulation) with a complex picture. We present three clinical observations, including a low occlusion by fixed transverse colon necrosis in a strangulated epigastric hernia with pyo-stercoral phlegmon.

  16. 317例腹股沟疝患者中医体质类型分析%Analysis of Constitutional Types of Chinese Medicine in 317 Cases of Inguinal Hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满艺; 黄皇; 张新; 谢加东; 王荫龙

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the inguinal hernia patients` constitution in traditional chinese medi⁃cine(TCM) distribution. Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted on 317 inguinal hernia patients(case group)and 80 healthy people(control group)by using TCM Constitution Scale,and then analysis the relation be⁃tween both groups. Results The demographic (age and gender) of the two groups were similar. Compared with the control group, qi-deficiency and gentler were significantly difference in the inguinal hernia patients (qi-defi⁃ciency:8 VS 84,P<0.05;gentler:33 VS 82,P<0.05). When compared the subgroups of the inguinal hernia with TCM distribution, we found that there were forty-five of qi-deficiency and forty-three of gentler in indirect hernia group, respectively. Moreover, qi-deficiency, gentler and dampnessheat were the main type in the direct hernia group, which were twenty-seven, twenty-five and seventeen, respectively. However, there were twelve of qi-deficiency and seventeen of yang-deficiency in the composite hernia group. Conclusion Qi-defi⁃ciency types were the common constitution types in all inguinal hernia patients. Qi-deficiency may be the sus⁃ceptibility factors of patients with inguinal hernia.%目的:探讨腹股沟疝患者的中医体质分布特征。方法:采用《中医体质分类与判定》标准,对317例腹股沟疝患者(病例组)和80例健康者(对照组)进行问卷调查,分析中医体质与腹股沟疝的相关性。结果:两组间性别、年龄差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),具有可比性。与对照组相比,病例组患者的中医体质类型以气虚质和平和质为主(气虚质:8人VS 84人, P<0.05;平和质:33人VS 82人,P<0.05;)。进一步分析不同腹股沟疝类型与中医体质的分布发现,斜疝患者中以气虚质和平和质为主,分别为45人和43人;直疝患者以气虚质、平和质、和湿热质为主,分别为27人、25人和17

  17. Synchronous femoral hernias diagnosed during endoscopic inguinal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnis, Soni; Wong, April; Berney, Christophe

    2011-12-01

    During totally extraperitoneal (TEP) endoscopic repair of inguinal hernias, it is possible to see the internal opening of the femoral canal. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of synchronous femoral hernias found in patients undergoing TEP endoscopic inguinal hernia repair. This was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 362 consecutive patients who underwent 484 TEP endoscopic inguinal hernia repairs during a 5-year period, May 2005 to May 2010. During surgery, both inguinal and femoral canal orifices were routinely inspected. The presence of unilateral or bilateral inguinal and femoral hernias was recorded and repaired accordingly. There were a total of 362 patients. More males (343, 95%) underwent a TEP hernia repair than females (19, 5%). There were more cases of unilateral (240/362, 66%) than bilateral (122/362, 34%) inguinal hernias. A total of 18 cases of synchronous femoral hernias were found during operation. There was a higher incidence of femoral hernia in females (7/19, 37%) compared to males (11/343, 3%) (P hernias were clinically detectable preoperatively. Females undergoing elective inguinal hernia repair are more likely to have a synchronous femoral hernia than males. We suggest that all women presenting with an inguinal hernia also have a formal assessment of the femoral canal. TEP endoscopic inguinal hernia repair is an ideal approach as both inguinal and femoral orifices can be assessed and hernias repaired simultaneously during surgery.

  18. Pain following the repair of an abdominal hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mark Berner; Andersen, Kenneth Geving; Crawford, Michael Edward

    2010-01-01

    Pain and other types of discomfort are frequent symptoms following the repair of an abdominal hernia. After 1 year, the incidence of light to moderate pain following inguinal hernia repair is as high as 10% and 2% for severe disabling chronic pain. Postoperative chronic pain not only affects......, psychosocial characteristics, and surgical procedures) related to the postoperative pain conditions. Furthermore, the mechanisms for both acute and chronic pain are presented. We focus on inguinal hernia repair, which is the most frequent type of abdominal hernia surgery that leads to chronic pain. Finally...... the individual patient, but may also have a great impact on relatives and society, and may be a cause of concern for the responsible surgeon. This paper provides an overview of the anatomy, surgical procedures, and disposing factors (age, gender, ethnicity, genotype, previous hernia repair, pain prior to surgery...

  19. Traumatic lung hernia; Hernia pulmonar traumatica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabaza, M. J.; Alcazar, P. P.; Touma, C. [Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves. Granada (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    Lung hernia is an uncommon entity that is defined as the protrusion of the lung parenchyma through a defect in the thoracic cavity. It is classified on the basis of its location (cervical, intercostal and diaphragmatic) and etiology (congenital and acquired). Acquired lung hernias can be further grouped as spontaneous, traumatic or pathological, depending on the responsible mechanism. Nearly half of them are secondary to chest trauma, whether penetrating or blunt. We present a case of lung hernia in a patient with penetrating chest trauma. The diagnosis was suspected from the radiographic images and was confirmed by computed tomography. We also review the literature concerning its classification and incidence, diagnostic methods used and treatment. (Author) 9 refs.

  20. Some aspects of the epidemiology of external hernias in Kumasi, Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohene-Yeboah, M; Abantanga, F; Oppong, J; Togbe, B; Nimako, B; Amoah, M; Azorliade, R

    2009-10-01

    In our communities there are large numbers of longstanding external hernias that remain untreated. This paper describes the epidemiological characteristics of these hernias. The data is expected to provide guidelines for sustained national and international efforts to reduce the burden of hernia by performing large-scale elective hernia repairs. Between January 1998 and December 2007, a simple pro-forma was designed and used to record, in a prospective manner, the age, sex of patient and anatomical site of all external hernias seen and operated on both as emergencies and non-emergencies. These were patients who presented to a single general and paediatric surgeon at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana. A total of 2,506 patients were studied, of which 1,930 were male and 576 female, giving a male:female ratio of 3.4:1. Inguinal hernia was seen in 1,766 patients: 1,613 males and 153 females, a male:female ratio of 10.5:1. Children 4 years old or younger accounted for 20.9% of inguinal hernias. Femoral hernia was seen in 79 patients: 70 females and 9 males. These groin hernias were diagnosed in 1,845 patients, accounting for 73.6% of all patients. Incisional hernia was diagnosed in 380 patients (15.2%): 179 males and 201 females-a male:female ratio of 1:1.1. These two hernia types (groin and incisional) were seen in 2,225 patients, representing 88.8% of all the patients studied. All other hernias studied, including para-umbilical, umbilical and epigastric, were seen in 281 patients, representing 11.2% of the hernias studied. The epidemiology of external hernias seen and treated in our hospital is no different from that of hernias in other communities. Sustained efforts at elective repair will reduce the vast numbers of untreated accumulated hernias in our communities and thus prevent unnecessary morbidity and mortality.

  1. Is pooled data analysis of ventral and incisional hernia repair acceptable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinand eKöckerling

    2015-05-01

    hernia type.

  2. Open surgical procedures for incisional hernias

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. den Hartog (Dennis); A.H.M. Dur (Alfons); W.E. Tuinebreijer (Wim); R.W. Kreis (Robert)

    2008-01-01

    markdownabstractBACKGROUND: Incisional hernias occur frequently after abdominal surgery and can cause serious complications. The choice of a type of open operative repair is controversial. Determining the type of open operative repair is controversial, as the recurrence rate may be as high as 54

  3. The four different types of internal hernia occurring after laparascopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass performed for morbid obesity: are there any multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features permitting their distinction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawkabani Marchini, Aida; Denys, Alban; Paroz, Alexandre; Romy, Sébastien; Suter, Michel; Desmartines, Nicolas; Meuli, Reto; Schmidt, Sabine

    2011-04-01

    Four different types of internal hernias (IH) are known to occur after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) performed for morbid obesity. We evaluate multidetector row helical computed tomography (MDCT) features for their differentiation. From a prospectively collected database including 349 patients with LRYGBP, 34 acutely symptomatic patients (28 women, mean age 32.6), operated on for IH immediately after undergoing MDCT, were selected. Surgery confirmed 4 (11.6%) patients with transmesocolic, 10 (29.4%) with Petersen's, 15 (44.2%) with mesojejunal, and 5 (14.8%) with jejunojejunal IH. In consensus, 2 radiologists analyzed 13 MDCT features to distinguish the four types of IH. Statistical significance was calculated (p<0.05, Fisher's exact test, chi-square test). MDCT features of small bowel obstruction (SBO) (n=25, 73.5%), volvulus (n=22, 64.7%), or a cluster of small bowel loops (SBL) (n=27, 79.4%) were inconsistently present and overlapped between the four IH. The following features allowed for IH differentiation: left upper quadrant clustered small bowel loops (p<0.0001) and a mesocolic hernial orifice (p=0.0003) suggested transmesocolic IH. SBL abutting onto the left abdominal wall (p=0.0021) and left abdominal shift of the superior mesenteric vessels (SMV) (p=0.0045) suggested Petersen's hernia. The SMV predominantly shifted towards the right anterior abdominal wall in mesojejunal hernia (p=0.0033). Location of the hernial orifice near the distal anastomosis (p=0.0431) and jejunojejunal suture widening (p=0.0005) indicated jejunojejunal hernia. None of the four IH seems associated with a higher risk of SBO. Certain MDCT features, such as the position of clustered SBL and hernial orifice, help distinguish between the four IH and may permit straightforward surgery.

  4. Ipsilateral occult hernias during endoscopic groin hernia repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Mayank

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic repair of groin hernias allows the surgeon to have a complete view of the groin and pelvis to diagnose occult hernias both ipsilaterally and contralaterally. These occult hernias can then be treated simultaneously and may reduce the incidence of recurrence and persistent symptoms. The authors present four unusual cases where occult hernias were found ipsilaterally during an endoscopic repair. All these occult hernias were treated along with the clinically diagnosed hernia at the same surgery with excellent results and no post-operative morbidity.

  5. Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litwin, Demetrius E M; Sneider, Erica B; McEnaney, Patrick M; Busconi, Brian D

    2011-04-01

    Athletic pubalgia or sports hernia is a syndrome of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain that may occur in athletes and nonathletes. Because the differential diagnosis of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain is so broad, only a small number of patients with chronic lower abdomen and groin pain fulfill the diagnostic criteria of athletic pubalgia (sports hernia). The literature published to date regarding the cause, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of sports hernias is confusing. This article summarizes the current information and our present approach to this chronic lower abdomen and groin pain syndrome.

  6. La hernia inguinal estrangulada

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: existen más de 13 técnicas operatorias descritas para el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal estrangulada sin demostrar cuál es mejor. Material y métodos: estudio observacional, longitudinal y prospectivo realizado en el Hospital General del Centro Médico La Raza. Se propone una nueva técnica quirúrgica para tratar la hernia inguinal estrangulada. Se efectuó del 1 diciembre de 2000 al 31 de agosto de 2010. Se operaron en forma consecutiva 43 pacientes adultos con hernia inguinal e...

  7. INGUINAL HERNIA IN FEMALES

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    9 patients of inguinal hernia in females were diagnosed in a total of 50 patients who presented with congenital groin problems, 8 of these were managed surgically. There were 6 small children, 1 young girl and 2 elderly ladies. All children were managed by herniotomy and herniorrhaphy was done in women. 2 patients under one year presented with irreducible hernia, one of them on exploration was found to be having sliding hernia with incarcerated ovary and tube as contents while other one had i...

  8. The prevalence of umbilical and epigastric hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, J; Pedersen, M.S.; Pommergaard, H C;

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: Umbilical and epigastric hernia repair are common surgical procedures; however, the nationwide gender and age-specific prevalence of these repairs is unknown, and this knowledge could form the basis for new studies. METHODS: A nationwide register-based study covering all people living...... in Denmark on December 31st, 2010 was performed. Within this population all umbilical and epigastric hernia repairs from January 1st, 2006 to December 31st, 2010 were identified using data from the Danish National Hospital Register, and 5-year prevalence estimates were calculated. RESULTS: The study...... population covered 5,639,885 persons (49 % males). A total of 10,107 patients (68 % males) were operated for an umbilical hernia and 2412 patients (55 % males) were operated for an epigastric hernia. The age-specific 5-year prevalence differed for both hernia types. The highest 5-year prevalence of umbilical...

  9. The Anterior Preperitoneal Approach for Repair of Complex Inguinal Hernias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safa Onel

    2014-08-01

    Results: A total of 40 patients (Male:32, Female:8 underwent hernia repair with our technique during the study period. The mean age was (+/-SD 44+/-6.8 years. Four patients had giant direct hernia,12 patients had giant inguino-scrotal hernia, 14 patients had recurrent and 10 patients had femoral hernia. 4 patients were underwent emergent surgery due to incarceration. The mean operation time was (+/-SD 61+/-11 min. There was no recurrence with the mean follow-up time of 7+/-2.2 years. Cnclusion: Our surgical technique allows to repair all types of inguinal hernia with one piece of prolene mesh by covering all potential defects. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(4.000: 822-828

  10. Left Aberrant Gastric Vein Causing Isolated Left Hepatic Portal Venous Gas Secondary to an Incarcerated Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, Kartik; Anandpara, Karan; Dey, Amit K.; Kedar, Pradnya; Hira, Priya; Kale, Sunita

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is an ominous radiological sign suggestive of underlying intestinal sepsis, infection or trauma. Portal pneumatosis secondary to gastric pathologies is rare. Case Report We report a rare case of a 34-year-old man who presented with acute epigastric pain and vomiting, diagnosed to have an incarcerated diaphragmatic hernia causing gastric pneumatosis and resultant portal venous gas. Conclusions Our case highlights an unusual presentation of gastric pneumatosis secondary to an incarcerated hiatal hernia with resultant portal venous gas involving only the left lobe of the liver. An aberrant left gastric vein was responsible for this phenomenon in our case. A sound understanding of anatomical variants is thus crucial to radiological diagnosis. PMID:26251676

  11. Current options in local anesthesia for groin hernia repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulacoglu, Hakan; Alptekin, Alp

    2011-01-01

    Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common procedures in general surgery. All anesthetic methods can be used in inguinal hernia repairs. Local anesthesia for groin hernia repair had been introduced at the very beginning of the last century, and gained popularity following the success reports from the Shouldice Hospital, and the Lichtenstein Hernia Institute. Today, local anesthesia is routinely used in specialized hernia clinics, whereas its use is still not a common practice in general hospitals, in spite of its proven advantages and recommendations by current hernia repair guidelines. In this review, the technical options for local anaesthesia in groin hernia repairs, commonly used local anaesthetics and their doses, potential complications related to the technique are evaluated. A comparison of local, general and regional anesthesia methods is also presented. Local anaesthesia technique has a short learning curve requiring simple training. It is easy to learn and apply, and its use is in open anterior repairs a nice way for health care economics. Local anesthesia has been shown to have certain advantages over general and regional anesthesia in inguinal hernia repairs. It is more economic and requires a shorter time in the operating room and shorter stay in the institution. It causes less postoperative pain, requires less analgesic consumption; avoids nausea, vomiting, and urinary retention. Patients can mobilize and take oral liquids and solid foods much earlier. Most importantly, local anesthesia is the most suitable type of anesthesia in elder, fragile patients and patients with ASA II-IV scores.

  12. Interparietal hernias after open retromuscular hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbonell, A M

    2008-12-01

    The retromuscular or sublay repair of ventral hernias, popularized by Rives and Stoppa, requires that a layer of tissue be reapproximated dorsal to the mesh to separate the bowel from the prosthetic. This is the first report of two patients who developed bowel obstruction resulting from interparietal incarceration between the posterior rectus sheath and the prosthetic graft through a defect in this dorsal layer. Both patients underwent open retromuscular hernia repair, one with lightweight polypropylene mesh, the other with human acellular dermal matrix. Postoperatively (day 3 and day 42, respectively), the patients developed signs of bowel obstruction. Computed tomography demonstrated the herniation of the small bowel into the potential space between the prosthesis and the posterior rectus sheath. The first patient underwent successful laparoscopic repair, while the second patient had an open operation to reduce the incarcerated bowel and repair the defect. In the patient convalescing from an uneventful retromuscular hernia repair who develops signs and symptoms of a bowel obstruction, there should be a high index of suspicion that an interparietal hernia may have formed, with the small bowel herniated into the surgically created space between the prosthetic and the posterior rectus sheath.

  13. Traumatic abdominal hernia complicated by necrotizing fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Pérez, Aleix; Garrigós-Ortega, Gonzalo; Gómez-Abril, Segundo Ángel; Martí-Martínez, Eva; Torres-Sánchez, Teresa

    2014-11-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a critical illness involving skin and soft tissues, which may develop after blunt abdominal trauma causing abdominal wall hernia and representing a great challenge for physicians. A 52-year-old man was brought to the emergency department after a road accident, presenting blunt abdominal trauma with a large non-reducible mass in the lower-right abdomen. A first, CT showed abdominal hernia without signs of complication. Three hours after ICU admission, he developed hemodynamic instability. Therefore, a new CT scan was requested, showing signs of hernia complication. He was moved to the operating room where a complete transversal section of an ileal loop was identified. Five hours after surgery, he presented a new episode of hemodynamic instability with signs of skin and soft tissue infection. Due to the high clinical suspicion of necrotizing fasciitis development, wide debridement was performed. Following traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH), patients can present unsuspected injuries in abdominal organs. Helical CT can be falsely negative in the early moments, leading to misdiagnosis. Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially fatal infection and, consequently, resuscitation measures, wide-spectrum antibiotics, and early surgical debridement are required. This type of fasciitis can develop after blunt abdominal trauma following wall hernia without skin disruption.

  14. INGUINAL HERNIA SURGERY UNDER LOCAL ANAESTHESIA, AS DAY CARE SURGERY AND COMPARISON AMONG THREE GROUP OF PATIENTS CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO TYPE OF MESH USED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvind

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed operations worldwide . This study was done to evaluate , local anesthesia as choice of procedure for inguinal hernia as day care surgery including both regular & comorbidity associated patients , to know which mesh is suitable smallpore ( H eavy weight or largepore ( L igh t weight and to know if use of absorbable suture is better than non - absorbable suture for fixation of mesh. METHODS: We prospectively studied 69 patients with a primary unilateral inguinal hernia. The study group was randomized to Lichtenstein repair afte r taking full informed consent. Pain was assessed by visual analogue scale , Quality of life was assessed by responses to a health questionnaire administered to post - operative patients . RESULTS: The highest contraction rate was found in polypropylene small pore mesh (28.76% , followed by polypropylene large pore mesh (23.9% and the least contraction seen in knitted composite mesh (17.2%. Quality of life was assessed at 1 month and 3 month have shown significant difference among three groups. CONCLUSION: Mos t of the inguinal hernia surgery can be carried out smoothly in local anesthesia , as day care procedure. It is choice of procedure also in patients with comorbidity. Use of absorbable suture for Lichtenstein hernia repair did not affect recurrence rate. Qu ality of life is better with knitted composite group , than pp large pore group , than Polypropylene small pore mesh.

  15. Location of recurrent groin hernias at TEP after Lichtenstein repair: a study based on the Swedish Hernia Register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bringman, S; Holmberg, H; Österberg, J

    2016-06-01

    To investigate which type of hernia that has the highest risk of a recurrence after a primary Lichtenstein repair. Male patients operated on with a Lichtenstein repair for a primary direct or indirect inguinal hernia and with a TEP for a later recurrence, with both operations recorded in the Swedish Hernia Register (SHR), were included in the study. The study period was 1994-2014. Under the study period, 130,037 male patients with a primary indirect or direct inguinal hernia were operated on with a Lichtenstein repair. A second operation in the SHR was registered in 2236 of these patients (reoperation rate 1.7 %). TEP was the chosen operation in 737 in this latter cohort. The most likely location for a recurrence was the same as the primary location. If the recurrences change location from the primary place, we recognized that direct hernias had a RR of 1.51 to having a recurrent indirect hernia compared to having a direct recurrence after an indirect primary hernia repair. Recurrent hernias after Lichtenstein are more common on the same location as the primary one, compared to changing the location.

  16. Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hernia occurs when the inside layers of the abdominal muscle have weakened, resulting in a bulge or tear. ... is a technique to fix tears in the abdominal wall (muscle) using small incisions, telescopes and a patch (mesh). ...

  17. Diaphragmatic hernia repair - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... presentations/100014.htm Diaphragmatic hernia repair - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... Overview The chest cavity includes the heart and lungs. The abdominal cavity includes the liver, the stomach, ...

  18. Internal Hernias in the Era of Multidetector CT: Correlation of Imaging and Surgical Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doishita, Satoshi; Takeshita, Tohru; Uchima, Yasutake; Kawasaki, Masayasu; Shimono, Taro; Yamashita, Akiyoshi; Sugimoto, Michiko; Ninoi, Teruhisa; Shima, Hideki; Miki, Yukio

    2016-01-01

    Clinical diagnosis of internal hernias is challenging because of their nonspecific signs and symptoms. Many types of internal hernias have been defined: paraduodenal, small bowel mesentery-related, greater omentum-related, lesser sac, transverse mesocolon-related, pericecal, sigmoid mesocolon-related, falciform ligament, pelvic internal, and Roux-en-Y anastomosis-related. An internal hernia is a surgical emergency that can develop into intestinal strangulation and ischemia. Accurate preoperative diagnosis is crucial for appropriate management. Multidetector computed tomography (CT), with its thin-section axial images, high-quality multiplanar reformations, and three-dimensional images, currently plays an essential role in preoperative diagnosis of internal hernias. The diagnostic approach to internal hernias at multidetector CT includes detecting an intestinal closed loop, identifying the hernia orifice, and analyzing abnormal displacement of surrounding structures and key vessels around the hernia orifice and hernia sac. At each step, multidetector CT can depict pathognomonic findings. A saclike appearance suggests an intestinal closed loop in several types of internal hernias. Convergence, engorgement, and twisting of mesenteric vessels in the hernia orifice can be seen clearly at multidetector CT, especially with use of multiplanar reformations. For definitive diagnosis of an internal hernia, analysis of displacement of anatomic landmarks around the hernia orifice is particularly important, and thin-section images provide the required information. Detailed knowledge of the anatomy, etiology, and imaging landmarks of the various hernia types is also necessary. Familiarity with the appearances of internal hernias at multidetector CT allows accurate and specific preoperative diagnosis. (©)RSNA, 2015.

  19. Abdominal wall hernias: imaging with spiral CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stabile Ianora, A.A.; Midiri, M.; Vinci, R.; Rotondo, A.; Angelelli, G. [Department of Radiology, Bari University Hospital (Italy)

    2000-06-01

    Computed tomography is an accurate method of identifying the various types of abdominal wall hernias, especially if they are clinically occult, and of distinguishing them from other diseases such as hematomas, abscesses and neoplasia. In this study we examined the CT images of 94 patients affected by abdominal wall hernias observed over a period of 6 years. Computed tomography clearly demonstrates the anatomical site of the hernial sac, the content and any occlusive bowel complications due to incarceration or strangulation. Clinical diagnosis of external hernias is particularly difficult in obese patients or in those with laparotic scars. In these cases abdominal imaging is essential for a correct preoperative diagnosis and to determine the most effective treatment. (orig.)

  20. Recurrence patterns of direct and indirect inguinal hernias in a nationwide population in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian;

    2014-01-01

    hernia [DIH]), we found an overall reoperation rate of 3.8%. More primary IIHs were operated by Lichtenstein's technique than primary DIH (90.7% vs 85.4%, respectively; P hernias, and 3.9% were for femoral hernias. DIHs resulted more often......BACKGROUND: Detailed knowledge on risk of reoperation after direct and indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) repair could be useful in preoperative counseling as well as in the planning of postoperative follow-up. This knowledge is not available in the literature. METHODS: Using data from the Danish...... Hernia Database, we included all male patients operated on for an elective, primary inguinal hernia from 1998 to 2012. Within this prospectively collected cohort, the type of inguinal hernia at primary and recurrent procedures was registered. Furthermore, time from primary procedure to reoperation...

  1. Umbilical hernia repair - series (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umbilical hernias are fairly common. They are obvious at birth and are caused by a small defect in ... surgically. In most cases, by age 3 the umbilical hernia shrinks and closes without treatment. The indications for ...

  2. Fullterm pregnancy in umbilical hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7) with a huge umbilical hernia containing a 38-week gravid uterus, as well as her management and the avoidance of known...

  3. Current developments in hernia repair; meshes, adhesives, and tacking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Benjamin S; Voeller, Guy R

    2010-10-01

    Open and laparoscopic hernia surgery continues to evolve with new products allowing surgeons multiple choices in treating their patients. The evolution towards tension-free techniques in dealing with hernias requires that today's surgeons know the options available in meshes as well as fixation methods in order to have the best outcomes. In recent years, there has been a rapid expansion in the number of meshes available. Currently, there are numerous uncoated, coated, and biologic meshes in production that can be used in hernia repair. This paper will focus on the latest developments in coated meshes that allow for intra-abdominal placement as well as the different types of biologic meshes and their typical uses. Tacking devices for laparoscopic hernia repair now come in titanium as well as absorbable devices. AbsorbaTack™ (Covidien, Norwalk, CT) and Sorbafix™ (Davol, Warwick, RI) are two of the newest absorbable tacking devices thought to possibly benefit patients with decreased pain and long-term complications as compared with their titanium counterparts. Adhesives continue to be used more and more for hernia repair, especially in inguinal and paraesophageal hernia repairs. Tissucol™/Tisseel™ (Baxter, Deerfield, IL) and Evicel™ (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) are two types of fibrin glues that are available for use in hernia repair. Practitioners using these biologic adhesives think there is less pain compared with tacking.

  4. Laparoscopic hernia repair--when is a hernia not a hernia?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bunting, David; Szczebiot, Lukasz; Cota, Alwyn

    2013-01-01

    A wide range of diagnoses can present as inguinal hernia. Laparoscopic techniques are being increasingly used in the repair of inguinal hernias and offer the potential benefit of identifying additional pathology...

  5. Point-of-Care Ultrasound Identification of an Abdominal Hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonzo, Michael; von Reinhart, Anna; Riera, Antonio

    2017-08-01

    Pediatric emergency medicine physicians may be able to use point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) as a tool to evaluate abdominal wall masses. We present a case of a 2-month-old infant with a lower abdominal mass identified as a hernia sac by POCUS. It was initially thought to represent a Spigelian-type abdominal wall hernia but subsequently determined to be an unusual presentation of an inguinal hernia with testicular entrapment. We review each of these diagnoses in addition to relevant POCUS findings.

  6. [Inguinal and femoral hernia repair].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissler, B; Anthuber, M

    2011-05-01

    With an incidence of 200,000 new cases per year in Germany, inguinal hernia has a significant socioeconomic impact. The 2009 guidelines from the European Hernia Society established treatment recommendations. Hernia repair is based on reinforcing the posterior wall of the inguinal canal by suture or mesh repair by an anterior or posterior approach. Lightweight mesh reduces recurrence rates and is the treatment of choice even in primary hernias. Laparoscopic hernia repair is associated with specific risks but is superior in postoperative pain and earlier return to work.

  7. Surgical approach for recurrent inguinal hernias: a Nationwide Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öberg, S; Andresen, K; Rosenberg, J

    2016-12-01

    Guidelines recommend that the reoperation of a recurrent inguinal hernia should be by the opposite approach (anterior-posterior) than the primary repair. However, the level of evidence supporting the guidelines is partially low. The purpose of this study was to compare re-reoperation rates between repairs performed according to the guidelines with the ones performed against it. This cohort study was based on the Danish Hernia Database, including 4344 patients with two inguinal hernia repairs in the same groin. Four groups were compared as follows: Lichtenstein-Lichtenstein vs. Lichtenstein-Laparoscopy, and Laparoscopy-Laparoscopy vs. Laparoscopy-Lichtenstein. The outcome was re-reoperation rates, which were compared by crude rates, cumulated rates, and hazard ratios. There was no difference in the re-reoperation rates when the primary repair was laparoscopic, regardless of the type of reoperation. However, Lichtenstein-Lichtenstein had a significantly higher re-reoperation rate compared with Lichtenstein-Laparoscopy (crude rate 8.7 vs. 3.1 %, p value hernia was medial. A primary Lichtenstein repair of a primary medial hernia should be reoperated with a laparoscopic repair. A primary Lichtenstein repair of a primary lateral hernia can be reoperated with either a Lichtenstein or a laparoscopic repair according to surgeon's choice. For a primary laparoscopic operation, the method of repair of a recurrent hernia did not affect the re-reoperation rate.

  8. Abdominal hernias: Radiological features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassandro, Francesco; Iasiello, Francesca; Pizza, Nunzia Luisa; Valente, Tullio; Stefano, Maria Luisa Mangoni di Santo; Grassi, Roberto; Muto, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    Abdominal wall hernias are common diseases of the abdomen with a global incidence approximately 4%-5%. They are distinguished in external, diaphragmatic and internal hernias on the basis of their localisation. Groin hernias are the most common with a prevalence of 75%, followed by femoral (15%) and umbilical (8%). There is a higher prevalence in males (M:F, 8:1). Diagnosis is usually made on physical examination. However, clinical diagnosis may be difficult, especially in patients with obesity, pain or abdominal wall scarring. In these cases, abdominal imaging may be the first clue to the correct diagnosis and to confirm suspected complications. Different imaging modalities are used: conventional radiographs or barium studies, ultrasonography and Computed Tomography. Imaging modalities can aid in the differential diagnosis of palpable abdominal wall masses and can help to define hernial contents such as fatty tissue, bowel, other organs or fluid. This work focuses on the main radiological findings of abdominal herniations. PMID:21860678

  9. Direct diverticular inguinal hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekberg, O.; Kullenberg, K.

    Nineteen patients with direct diverticular inguinal hernia (DDIH) were examined with herniography and surgically explored. A lump medially in the groin and pain were the prominent clinical manifestations in 18 patients. Physical examination indicated the presence of a DDIH in 6 patients. In 16 patients herniography revealed hernial sacs protruding from the supravesical fossa in 5 and from the medial inguinal fossa in 11. At operation a circumscribed defect was found in the transverse fascia laterally and cranially to the pubic tubercle in all patients. In 16 patients peritoneal hernial sacs were demonstrated at surgery while in 3 only lipomas (fatty hernia) were contained within the defect. In our opinion DDIH is a specific variety of inguinal hernia with a fairly typical clinical presentation and radiographic appearance but probably often overlooked at surgery.

  10. Bochdalek hernia in adult

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira,Daniel Riccioppo C.F. de; Aldo Junqueira Rodrigues Jr.

    2008-01-01

    Bochdalek´s hernia is a congenital malformation of the posterolateral diaphragm region. It is more common on the left and more frequently seen in newborns and rare in adults, with over a few 100 reported cases. We present a case of Bochdalek´s hernia in a 49-year-old patient with long term dyspeptic symptoms. The upper endoscopy showed a gastric fundus herniation sliding into the chest through the diaphragmatic defect. The patient also presented with a rare pulmonary malformation ...

  11. Abdominal Wall Hernias: Various Imaging Features Correlated with the Anatomy of Abdominal Wall at MDCT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Shin Young; Shin, Hyeong Cheol; Kim, Sang Won; Kim, Il Young; Kim, Young Tong [Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-07-15

    Abdominal wall hernias are a common condition. However, they may develop acute complications and require surgical correction in most cases. Hence, the correct radiological examination is requisite for an accurate diagnosis. A multi-detector row CT (MDCT) provides an accurate identification of the anatomy of the abdominal wall, precise hernia type, and helps in the detection of early signs of complication. We report various imaging features of abdominal wall hernias via a MDCT.

  12. Mini-mesh repair for femoral hernia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kulacoglu, Hakan

    2014-01-01

    Femoral hernia consists only 4% of all primary groin hernias. It is described as "the Bête Noire of Hernias" because of its nature and anatomy which is difficult to understand for the surgeons and tendency to recurrence...

  13. Genetics Home Reference: congenital diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Health Conditions congenital diaphragmatic hernia congenital diaphragmatic hernia Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. ... PDF Open All Close All Description Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a defect in the diaphragm. The diaphragm, ...

  14. Video. Laparoscopic repair of congenital bilateral Morgagni hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Saurabh; Oelschlager, Brant K

    2011-06-01

    Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia found in the anterior aspect of the diaphragm. It typically presents in the pediatric population and rarely is diagnosed in adults. Only 3% of diaphragmatic hernias are the Morgagni type, and only 4% of these are found to present bilaterally. Surgical repair of Morgagni hernia has been performed through various approaches including open, laparoscopic, thoracotomy, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), all with and without mesh. The optimal method of surgical repair is not known due to the rarity of this condition and the limitations of setting up a prospective, randomized trial to evaluate the different methods. Laparoscopic repair with mesh has been described with good short-term results. Few case reports exist in the world literature describing laparoscopic repair of a bilateral Morgagni hernia with mesh. At the University of Washington, the authors present a video showing their technique for laparoscopic repair of a congenital, bilateral Morgagni type hernia with mesh.

  15. [Complications of inguinal hernia repair].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forte, A; D'Urso, A; Gallinaro, L S; Lo Storto, G; Bosco, M R; Vietri, F; Beltrami, V

    2002-03-01

    It's shown by literature and confirmed by Author's experience that, on account of the excellent results, prosthetic repair of inguinal hernia is more effective than "conventional" (Bassini, Mc Vay, Shouldice). Between January 1993 and December 2000 were observed 875 patients with inguinal hernia (814 monolateral, 61 bilateral); all patients underwent a Lichtenstein repair both in the primary version and in its variations (internal ring plastic, trasversalis plicate, plug repair). The patients were discharged from hospital within 24 hours after surgery in 90% of cases. No important intraoperative complications were observed; the patients restarting work varied from 3 to 15 days after the discharging in relation to patient anxiety, onset of complications and to the type of work. The complications observed were: urine retention (1.6%), superficial haematoma (1.3%), superficial infection (1%), wound suppuration (0.5%), serous effusion (0.7%), postsurgery pain (2.1%), scrotal edema (1.7%), persistent inguinal neuralgia (0.6), local hypoesthesia (4.3%), ischemical orchitis (0.1%), recurrence (0.2%). In conclusion Authors assert that "tension free" repair allows optimal results both for the surgery point (easiness of the technique, repeatability, less invasivity, scanty incident of recurrences, low frequency of postoperative complications) and in economic terms, allowing an early mobilization of the patients. A further improvement would be obtained with more care in surgical and patient management, with more excellent results.

  16. Ventral Abdominal Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgi Tchernev

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available A 63-year-old Caucasian female patient presented with redness of the both foot and lower legs, as well as edema of the left lower leg, accompanied by subjective complaints of burning. Fever was not reported. Well-circumscribed oval shaped tumor formation was revealed also on the abdominal wall, with hyperpigmented and depigmented areas on its ulcerated surface, measuring approximately 10/10cm in diameter, with soft-elastic texture on palpation.  The lesion occurred in 2011, according to the patient’s history. No subjective complaints were reported in association. The performed ultrasonography revealed intestinal loops in the hernial sac, without incarceration. The diagnosis of ventral abdominal hernia without mechanical ileus was made. The patient was referred for planned surgical procedure, because of her refusal on this stage.The clinical manifestation of the tumor formation on the abdominal wall, required wide spectrum of differential diagnosis, including aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, abdominal tumor, subcutaneous tumor or metastasis or hernia. In the presented cases, the abdominal wall mass was a sporadic clinical finding in the framework of the total-body skin examination in patient with erysipelas. The lack of subjective symptoms, as well as the reported history for hysterectomy and previously abscessus were not enough indicative symptoms for the correct diagnosis. The diagnosis of non-complicated hernia was made via ultrasonography, while the clinical differentiation between hernia and other life-threatening conditions as aneurysms or tumor was not possible.

  17. Establishment and initial experiences from the Danish Ventral Hernia Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helgstrand, F; Rosenberg, J; Bay-Nielsen, M

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: Outcome after ventral hernia repair is not optimal. The surgical technique relies on personal preferences or evidence from small-scale studies, rather than large-scale prospective data with high external validity. The purpose of this paper was to describe the establishment and potential...... of the Danish Ventral Hernia Database (DVHD). Furthermore, the first 2-year data from 2007 to 2008 are presented. METHODS: Registrations were based on surgeons' web registrations and validated by cross checking with data from the Danish National Patient Register. RESULTS: The DVHD was established in June 2006......, use of mesh or no mesh, type of suture material, and placement of the mesh. A total of 5,629 elective and 661 acute ventral hernia repairs were registered. After the first 2 years the registration rate was 70%. CONCLUSION: The first national ventral hernia database has been established. Preliminary...

  18. Appendicitis within Morgagni Hernia and simultaneous Paraesophageal Hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background Morgagni hernia is a congenital diaphragmatic defect that rarely presents with symptomatic findings in adults. The presence of one diaphragmatic defect may decrease the occurrence of a separate diaphragmatic defect. Appendicitis may be a unique presentation of incarcerated bowel in a Morgagni defect. Case presentation Review of recent literature and presentation of a patient with Morgagni defect. Only five cases of simultaneous Morgagni hernia and paraesophageal hernia have been de...

  19. Congenital Lumbar Hernia with Lumbocostovertebral Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ketan Vagholkar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Congenital lumbar hernia is one of the rare types of hernias. Anomalies of the ribs, spine, and muscles which constitute the lumbocostovertebral syndrome in association with congenital lumbar hernia make it the rarest of entities. In addition, a multitude of other organ systems may be involved. Case Report. A case of congenital lumbar hernia associated with lumbocostovertebral syndrome is presented in view of its rarity and diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Discussion. Anatomical background of congenital lumbar hernia associated with various other anomalies especially of the musculoskeletal structures is discussed. All cases of congenital lumbar hernia should be investigated for other congenital anomalies. Both open and laparoscopic approaches have been described for surgical treatment. Conclusion. Open surgical intervention is the mainstay of treatment taking into consideration the technical challenges posed by distorted anatomy due to the associated congenital anomalies.

  20. Laparoscopic management of inferior lumbar hernia (Petit triangle hernia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipek, T; Eyuboglu, E; Aydingoz, O

    2005-05-01

    Lumbar hernias are rare defects in the posterolateral abdominal wall that may be congenital or acquired. We present a case of laparoscopic approach to repair an acquired inferior triangle (Petit) lumbar hernia in a woman by using polytetrafluoroethylene mesh. The size of the hernia was 8 x 10 cm. The length of her hospital stay was 2 days. The patient resumed normal activities in less than 2 weeks. The main advantage of this approach is excellent operative visualization, thus avoiding injury to structures near the hernia during repair. Patients benefit from a minimally invasive approach with less pain, shortened hospital course, less analgesic requirements, better cosmetic result, and minimal life-style interference.

  1. Bullhorn hernia: A rare traumatic abdominal wall hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bimaljot Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH is rare despite the high prevalence of blunt abdominal trauma. Bullhorn hernia occurs as a result of a direct blow to the abdominal wall by the horn of a bull, which disrupts the muscles and fascia and leads to hernia formation. We report a rare case of bullhorn TAWH in a 70-year-old patient who presented with swelling at the left lumbar region. The patient was managed by immediate surgical intervention. A surgeon must have high index of suspicion for the diagnosis of this condition as missed hernias in this setting pose a high risk of strangulation and gangrene.

  2. Reducción quirúrgica de hernias en palomas (Columba Livia - Reduction surgery for hernias pigeons (Columba Livia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soto Piñeiro, Carlos J.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En el presente trabajo se valora la incidencia de hernias en casos clínicos de palomas atendías quirúrgicamente en la clínica veterinaria de la Asociación Nacional Ornitológica de Cuba en Ciudad de la Habana, el grado de dificultad de la intervención de acuerdo al origen de la hernia, resultados de dos tipos de suturas empleadas en piel y recidivas luego de intervenidas. Abstract This study analyses the incidence of hernia in clinical cases of pigeons surgically treated at the veterinary surgery of the Asociación Nacional Ornitológica de Cuba, at Havana city. This study also analyses the degree of difficulty of this type of intervention in relation to the origin of hernia together with the results of two kinds of suture applied to the skin and recurred after intervention.

  3. Simultaneous laparoscopic management of Morgagni hernia and cholelithiasis: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakya, Vikal Chandra

    2015-07-01

    Morgagni hernia is a rare type of diaphragmatic hernia. Though in the past, it has been dealt with an open approach, nowadays laparoscopic management is a favored approach. However, there are few controversies in this scenario. We present here two females of Aryan ethnicity, one 55 and another 45 years old, who presented with pain at upper abdomen and retrosternal chest pain; on investigations were found to have cholelithiasis along with Morgagni hernia which were managed via the laparoscopic approach in the same sitting. Repair of Morgagni hernia also via the minimally invasive technique can be offered to the patients like that for cholelithiasis.

  4. Abdominal wall hernia and pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K K; Henriksen, N A; Jorgensen, L N

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: There is no consensus as to the treatment strategy for abdominal wall hernias in fertile women. This study was undertaken to review the current literature on treatment of abdominal wall hernias in fertile women before or during pregnancy. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken in Pub......Med and Embase in combination with a cross-reference search of eligible papers. RESULTS: We included 31 papers of which 23 were case reports. In fertile women undergoing sutured or mesh repair, pain was described in a few patients during the last trimester of a subsequent pregnancy. Emergency surgery...... of incarcerated hernias in pregnant women, as well as combined hernia repair and cesarean section appears as safe procedures. No major complications were reported following hernia repair before or during pregnancy. The combined procedure of elective cesarean section and abdominal wall hernia repair was reported...

  5. Bilateral Morgagni Hernia in Adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Celik

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available       Morgagni hernia is a congenital anterior diaphragma hernias. Although it generally seen in childhood and on the right side, rarely seen bilaterally and adult. Computarize tomography is helpful in diagnosis for this lesions asymptomatic in adult. In this article, bilaterally morgagni hernia diagnosed a sixty-five year old male patient looked for due to dyspne was presented.

  6. Hernia sacs: is histological examination necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Vajpeyi, Rajkumar

    2013-12-01

    The hernia sac is a common surgical pathology specimen which can occasionally yield unexpected diagnoses. The College of American Pathologists recommends microscopic examination of abdominal hernias, but leaves submission of inguinal hernias for histology to the discretion of the pathologist. To validate this approach at a tertiary care centre, we retrospectively reviewed 1426 hernia sacs derived from inguinal, femoral and abdominal wall hernias. The majority of pathologies noted were known to the clinician, including herniated bowel, lipomas and omentum. A malignancy was noted in three of 800 inguinal hernias and seven of 576 abdominal wall hernias; five of these lesions were not seen on gross examination. Other interesting findings in hernia sacs included appendices, endometriosis, a perivascular epithelioid cell tumour, and pseudomyxoma peritoneii. All hernia sacs should be examined grossly as most pathologies are grossly visible. The decision to submit inguinal hernias for histology may be left to the discretion of the pathologist, but abdominal and femoral hernias should be submitted for histology.

  7. [Morgagni hernia causing cardiac tamponade].

    Science.gov (United States)

    S Breinig; Paranon, S; Le Mandat, A; Galinier, P; Dulac, Y; Acar, P

    2010-10-01

    Morgagni hernia is a rare malformation (3% of diaphragmatic hernias). This hernia is usually asymptomatic in children. We report on a case revealed by an unusual complication. Severe cyanosis was due to right-to-left atrial shunt through the foramen ovale assessed by 2D echocardiography. Diagnosis of the Morgagni hernia was made with CT scan. The intrathoracic liver compressed the right chambers of the heart causing tamponade. Cardiac compression was reversed after surgery and replacement of the liver in the abdomen. Six months after the surgery, the infant was symptom-free with normal size right chambers of the heart.

  8. Laparoscopic repair of incisional hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, H; Lee, F; Patil, N G

    2001-09-01

    A 75-year-old man developed an incisional hernia over the upper abdomen following a wedge resection of a gastric stromal tumour in 1996. This is the first published report of a successful repair of an incisional hernia via a laparoscopic intraperitoneal on-lay technique using GORE-TEX DualMesh material in Hong Kong. Compared with conventional open repair of incisional hernia, long incisions and wound tension are avoided using the laparoscopic approach. This translates into a reduced risk of wound-related complications and facilitates recovery. In selected cases, minimally invasive surgery is a safe technique for the repair of incisional hernias.

  9. The inheritance of groin hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, J; Pommergaard, H C; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    Groin hernia has been proposed to be hereditary; however, a clear hereditary pattern has not been established yet. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies evaluating family history and inheritance patterns and to investigate the possible heredity of groin hernias.......Groin hernia has been proposed to be hereditary; however, a clear hereditary pattern has not been established yet. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies evaluating family history and inheritance patterns and to investigate the possible heredity of groin hernias....

  10. [Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair "IPOM" with Dual-Mesh].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catani, M; De Milito, R; Materia, A; Chiaretti, M; Spaziani, E; Manili, G; Simi, M

    2003-01-01

    The authors report their experience on laparoscopic hernioplasty using the Intraperitoneal Onlay Mesh Repair (IPOM) in 56 patients. 34 patients had a bilateral hernia, 6 of which were recurrent and 22 had a monolateral hernia, of which 9 had recurrent hernia. Overall, a total of 90 hernias were treated. The hernia repair was performed utilizing "GORE-TEX DualMesh Plus biomaterial with holes" in the first 32 cases and the latest "...Corduroy" type in the remaining 24 cases. The prostheses were fixed with titanium spiral tacks (Protack, AutoSuture, Tyco Healthcare). No intraoperative complications occurred and no conversion was necessary. Five minor post-operative complications (5.5%), 2 seromas and 3 transient paresthesias, were observed. Four patients (7.1%) needed analgesics after the first 24 hours. Mean hospital stay was 36 hours, with a minimum of 24 and a maximum of 48. Mean resumption of normal activity was 8 days with return to work within two weeks. At an average 18 months follow-up, 3 recurrences were recorded (3.3%). The results of this study as well as the meta-analysis of the series presented in the Literature, indicate that the IPOM may be a feasible, safe and effective procedure in the treatment of recurrent and bilateral hernias or when a hernia repair is performed during other laparoscopic procedures. The IPOM has infact been shown to be faster and easier than the other more commonly performed laparoscopic hernioplasties (TAPP and TEP). These data may also suggest to utilize this technique in particular cases of primitive hernia such as very active young males or heavy duty workers. However the limited series and the short follow-up ask for randomized prospective long term studies to definitely ascertain the true incidence of recurrence and therefore the effectiveness of this attractive procedure.

  11. Concurrent laparoscopic morgagni hernia repair and sleeve gastrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiou, Grace; Tedesco, Maureen; Eisenberg, Dan

    2012-12-01

    The Morgagni-type anterior diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital defect that is a very uncommon hernia presenting in an adult. Surgical repair is usually recommended upon diagnosis and often requires synthetic mesh for a durable, tension-free repair. The use of synthetic mesh concurrently with several of bariatric operations is controversial owing to the potential for mesh infection. In this report we describe a laparoscopic repair of a symptomatic Morgagni hernia with synthetic mesh, concurrently with sleeve gastrectomy, in a morbidly obese man. The patient was a 58-year-old man with a body mass index of 48 kg/m(2) and associated co-morbid conditions that included obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, impaired fasting glucose, and osteoarthritis. He was diagnosed with Morgagni hernia with exertional dyspnia. He underwent concurrent laparoscopic Morgagni hernia repair with mesh and sleeve gastrectomy. At 2 months after surgery the patient was doing well and tolerating solid foods, and his percentage excess weight loss was 35%. He was exercising regularly and had no exertional dyspnea. Laparoscopy is an attractive approach to performing multiple intra-abdominal procedures concurrently. The Morgagni hernia repair with mesh can be performed safely and effectively using a laparoscopic approach. This can be performed concurrently with bariatric surgery in the morbidly obese.

  12. Lesser omental hernia after total colectomy: report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konishi, Takanori; Morita, Yasuhiro; Takanishi, Kijuro; Nitta, Jun; Matsumoto, Jun; Miyazaki, Masaru

    2014-07-01

    Lesser omental hernia is a rare type of hernia that can cause intestinal obstruction. To our knowledge, there are only 16 documented cases of lesser omental hernia, including the present case. The subject of this case report was a 42-year-old man with a history of total colectomy for colon perforation caused by Crohn's disease 15 years earlier, who presented with epigastralgia and vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a distended bowel loop ventral to the stomach and convergence of mesenteric vessels at the lesser curvature of the stomach. Based on a diagnosis of intestinal obstruction caused by a lesser omental hernia, he underwent emergency surgery, which revealed a 150-cm jejunal segment herniating through a 5-cm defect in the lesser omentum from the retrogastric space. We reduced the herniated loop and closed the hernial orifice successfully. We describe the characteristic CT findings, which allowed us to make the preoperative diagnosis, and speculate how the past total colectomy, in which the gastrocolic ligament was isolated and the transverse colon was resected, probably caused by this hernia. This case serves to demonstrate that lesser omental hernia could be a postoperative complication of total colectomy.

  13. Congenital diaphramatic hernia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kline-Fath, Beth M. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Fetal Care Center of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2012-01-15

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, despite advances in therapy, remains a complex condition with significant morbidity and mortality. The etiology of the disorder is still incompletely understood, though the pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension that develop secondarily must be overcome to improve survival. Prenatal US and fetal MRI have helped in the development of a greater understanding of this disease. Also with these modalities, measurement techniques have been developed in an attempt to provide prognosticators for the development of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. There is a broad range of approaches for performing these measurements, and variability among imaging centers is noted. Despite inconsistent approaches, these techniques have become the foundation for counseling and prenatal and postnatal therapy. It is hoped that with further research with prenatal US and fetal MRI and the development of innovative medical and surgical therapies that the morbidity and mortality of children with congenital diaphragmatic hernias can be significantly reduced. (orig.)

  14. Hernia de Littre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Roberto Alarcón

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Artículo que tiene como base fundamental, dar a conocer el hallazgo durante una herniorrafia inguinal de un divertículo de Meckel en un niño de cuatro años. Se menciona el procedimiento hecho y se actualiza desde el punto de vista histórico, embriológico, médico y patológico lo referente al divertículo. La consulta de la bibliografía nacional es negativa al respecto, de la internacional, fundamentalmente en los institutos de la hernia se cataloga este tipo de hernias como una curiosidad, siempre se menciona en las clasificaciones.

  15. A De Garengeot Hernia masquerading as a strangulated femoral hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hussain

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: A De Garengeot's hernia should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with clinical signs of a strangulated femoral hernia. It is often an incidental finding during an emergency operation. Although mesh repairs in the presence of appendicitis have been reported, the safest approach remains a primary suture repair.

  16. Autopsy features in a newborn baby affected by a central congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolino, Giorgio; Gitto, Lorenzo; Serinelli, Serenella; Maiese, Aniello

    2015-03-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital malformation of the diaphragm, resulting in the herniation of the abdominal organs into the thoracic cavity. The most common types of congenital diaphragmatic hernia are Bochdalek hernia (postero-lateral hernia), Morgagni hernia (anterior defect), and diaphragm eventration (abnormal displacement of part or all of an otherwise intact diaphragm into the chest cavity). Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a life-threatening pathology in infants, and a major cause of death due to pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. We present a fatal case of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a newborn. At the autopsy, a central defect of the diaphragm was found, 8 × 5 cm in size, that led to a herniation of the small intestine, the right lobe of the liver, and the right adrenal gland into the thorax. An esophageal atresia was associated with the congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The lungs showed severe hypoplasia and atelectasia. Physicians should pay attention to a prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in order to prevent newborn fatalities.

  17. Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia%腹腔镜食管裂孔疝修补术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文

    2010-01-01

    @@ 食管裂孔疝(hiatus hemia)是指食管腹段、食管胃连接部和部分胃组织通过膈食管裂孔凸入胸腔形成的一种疝.食管裂孔疝属膈疝中最常见的一种,占90%以上,多见于40岁以上的患者,其症状主要表现为胸痛、咽下疼痛伴吞咽困难,可同时伴有反流和胸骨后及背部烧灼感.

  18. Delayed traumatic diaphragmatic hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jing; Wang, Bo; Che, Xiangming; Li, Xuqi; Qiu, Guanglin; He, Shicai; Fan, Lin

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias (TDHs) are sometimes difficult to identify at an early stage and can consequently result in diagnostic delays with life-threatening outcomes. It is the aim of this case study to highlight the difficulties encountered with the earlier detection of traumatic diaphragmatic hernias. Methods: Clinical data of patients who received treatment for delayed traumatic diaphragmatic hernias in registers of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from 1998 to 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Six patients were included in this study. Left hemidiaphragm was affected in all of them. Most of the patients had a history of traffic accident and 1 a stab-penetrating injury. The interval from injury to developing symptoms ranged from 2 to 11 years (median 5 years). The hernial contents included the stomach, omentum, small intestine, and colon. Diaphragmatic injury was missed in all of them during the initial managements. All patients received operations once the diagnosis of delayed TDH was confirmed, and no postoperative mortality was detected. Conclusions: Delayed TDHs are not common, but can lead to serious consequences once occurred. Early detection of diaphragmatic injuries is crucial. Surgeons should maintain a high suspicion for injuries of the diaphragm in cases with abdominal or lower chest traumas, especially in the initial surgical explorations. We emphasize the need for radiographical follow-up to detect diaphragmatic injuries at an earlier stage. PMID:27512848

  19. Eviscerated ‘Amyand’ Incisional Hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The presence of an inflamed appendix in an inguinal hernia sac is known as “Amyand” hernia. The appendix within an umbilical incisional hernia sac is rare, and its evisceration is even rarer. Here we report a case of spontaneous evisceration of an appendix through an umbilical incisional hernia following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  20. Nationwide prevalence of groin hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Pedersen, Michael; Bisgaard, Thue;

    2013-01-01

    Groin hernia repair is a commonly performed surgical procedure in the western world but large-scaled epidemiologic data are sparse. Large-scale data on the occurrence of groin hernia repair may provide further understanding to the pathophysiology of groin hernia development. This study was undert...... was undertaken to investigate the age and gender dependent prevalence of groin hernia repair....

  1. Left Paraduodenal Hernia: An Autopsy Case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Omland, Silje Haukali; Hougen, Hans Petter

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of a left paraduodenal hernia diagnosed at autopsy. A left paraduodenal hernia is an internal hernia of congenital origin due to the abnormal rotation of the midgut during embryonic development. Internal hernias are a rare cause of intestinal obstruction, with the paraduodenal...

  2. Undescended testis in Spigelian hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Kumar V

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Spigelian hernias are uncommon in children. We report a 3-year-old boy with right spigelian hernia and right undescended testis. The hernial sac contained the testis, which is a rare presentation. The repair of the large defect with a prosthetic mesh and a concomitant orchidopexy were performed uneventfully.

  3. Contemporary hernia smartphone applications (apps).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, K; Brady, R R W; de Beaux, A; Tulloh, B

    2014-08-01

    Smartphone technology and downloadable applications (apps) have created an unprecedented opportunity for access to medical information and healthcare-related tools by clinicians and their patients. Here, we review the current smartphone apps in relation to hernias, one of the most common operations worldwide. This article presents an overview of apps relating to hernias and discusses content, the presence of medical professional involvement and commercial interests. The most widely used smartphone app online stores (Google Play, Apple, Nokia, Blackberry, Samsung and Windows) were searched for the following hernia-related terms: hernia, inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional and totally extraperitoneal. Those with no reference to hernia or hernia surgery were excluded. 26 smartphone apps were identified. Only 9 (35 %) had named medical professional involvement in their design/content and only 10 (38 %) were reviewed by consumers. Commercial interests/links were evident in 96 % of the apps. One app used a validated mathematical algorithm to help counsel patients about post-operative pain. There were a relatively small number of apps related to hernias in view of the worldwide frequency of hernia repair. This search identified many opportunities for the development of informative and validated evidence-based patient apps which can be recommended to patients by physicians. Greater regulation, transparency of commercial interests and involvement of medical professionals in the content and peer-review of healthcare-related apps is required.

  4. Incarcerated inferior lumbar (Petit's) hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astarcioğlu, H; Sökmen, S; Atila, K; Karademir, S

    2003-09-01

    Petit's hernia is an uncommon abdominal wall defect in the inferior lumbar triangle. Colonic incarceration through the inferior lumbar triangle, which causes mechanical obstructive symptoms, necessitates particular diagnostic and management strategy. We present a rare case of inferior lumbar hernia, leading to mechanical bowel obstruction, successfully treated with prosthetic mesh reinforcement repair.

  5. Risk of femoral hernia after inguinal herniorrhaphy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, T; Bay-Nielsen, M; Kehlet, H

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Small case series have suggested an increased risk of femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy, but no large-scale data with complete follow-up are available. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Danish Hernia Database covering the interval from 1 January 1998 to 1 July...... 2001, and included 34 849 groin hernia repairs. RESULTS: Of 1297 femoral hernia repairs, 71 patients had previously had an operation for inguinal hernia within the observation period. These 71 femoral hernias represented 7.9 per cent of all reoperations for groin hernia recorded in the database....... The median time to reoperation for a 'recurrent' femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy was 7 months, compared with 10 months for inguinal recurrences. The risk of developing a 'recurrent' femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy was 15 times higher than the rate of femoral hernia...

  6. Risk of femoral hernia after inguinal herniorrhaphy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, T; Bay-Nielsen, M; Kehlet, H

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Small case series have suggested an increased risk of femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy, but no large-scale data with complete follow-up are available. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Danish Hernia Database covering the interval from 1 January 1998 to 1 July...... 2001, and included 34 849 groin hernia repairs. RESULTS: Of 1297 femoral hernia repairs, 71 patients had previously had an operation for inguinal hernia within the observation period. These 71 femoral hernias represented 7.9 per cent of all reoperations for groin hernia recorded in the database....... The median time to reoperation for a 'recurrent' femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy was 7 months, compared with 10 months for inguinal recurrences. The risk of developing a 'recurrent' femoral hernia after previous inguinal herniorrhaphy was 15 times higher than the rate of femoral hernia...

  7. Visceral organ resection during femoral hernia surgery is a predictor of morbidity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calik, Bulent; Karaman, Kerem; Atci, Recep; Cetindag, Ozhan; Ugurlu, Levent; Aydin, Cengiz; Akbulut, Gokhan

    2015-03-01

    Reports on the outcomes of emergency and elective femoral hernia surgery are scarce. Most studies do not distinguish femoral hernia from other types of groin hernia; studies of femoral hernia alone are few in number. The main objective of the present study was to identify factors affecting morbidity of femoral hernia patients. We retrospectively analyzed data on 80 patients who underwent femoral hernia surgery between June 2009 and June 2013. Patients who did and did not experience morbidity were compared in terms of age, sex, hernia location, the presence of any comorbid disease, the type of anesthesia employed, the operative technique used, the type of surgical intervention, and performance of small bowel resection. Forty-three patients (53.8%) underwent emergency surgery because of incarceration. Of these, 18 (41.9%) experienced strangulation and underwent resection. Postoperative complications developed in 11 patients (13.8%). Upon multiple logistic regression analysis, visceral organ resection (of the small bowel and/or omentum) was the only independent predictor of significant morbidity (P femoral hernias should be electively repaired as soon as possible. The cumulative probability of strangulation rises over time. A requirement for bowel resection seems to significantly increase morbidity.

  8. Gravid Uterus in an Umbilical Hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Umbilical hernias large enough to contain a gravid uterus are rare. We report a case of a woman with prolapse of a gravid uterus through a previously repaired umbilical hernia. Our plans for elective surgery with caesarean section and hernia repair were foiled by poor compliance. The hernia was repaired during an emergency caesarean section. We provide details of her management and briefly review the literature on umbilical hernias and pregnancy. Surgical management offers an opportunity for ...

  9. Incisional hernia: new approaches and aspects

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis is about the anatomy, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of incisional hernia. New approaches and aspects are discussed in the following chapters. The following definitions were derived from Butterworth’s medical dictionary 1. A hernia is the protrusion of an internal organ through a defect in the wall of the anatomical cavity in which it lies. An abdominal hernia is the protrusion of abdominal content through the abdominal wall. A ventral hernia is any hernia protruding...

  10. Direct and Recurrent Inguinal Hernias are Associated with Ventral Hernia Repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nadia A; Sorensen, Lars T; Bay-Nielsen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    A systemically altered connective tissue metabolism has been demonstrated in patients with abdominal wall hernias. The most pronounced connective tissue changes are found in patients with direct or recurrent inguinal hernias as opposed to patients with indirect inguinal hernias. The aim of the pr......A systemically altered connective tissue metabolism has been demonstrated in patients with abdominal wall hernias. The most pronounced connective tissue changes are found in patients with direct or recurrent inguinal hernias as opposed to patients with indirect inguinal hernias. The aim...... of the present study was to assess whether direct or recurrent inguinal hernias are associated with an elevated rate of ventral hernia surgery....

  11. Abnormal collagen I to III distribution in the skin of patients with incisional hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinge, U; Si, Z Y; Zheng, H; Schumpelick, V; Bhardwaj, R S; Klosterhalfen, B

    2000-01-01

    The surgical mesh-free repair of incisional hernias has to face recurrence rates of up to 50%. Apart from technical faults this is probably due to collagen metabolic disorders, known to play an important role in the development of inguinal hernia. In particular an altered ratio of collagen types I and III with an increase in collagen type III has been claimed to reduce the mechanical strength of connective tissues. Therefore, we investigated the content of collagen types I and III in the skin of patients with incisional hernia (n = 7) and recurrent incisional hernia (n = 5) in comparison to controls with healthy skin (n = 7) and normal skin scar (n = 7) both by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Both immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis revealed a decrease in the ratio of collagen I/III due to a concomitant increase in collagen III. The patients with incisional hernias and with recurrent incisional hernias showed a ratio of 1.0 +/- 0.1 and 0.8 +/- 0.1, respectively, whereas the controls exhibit a ratio of 2.1 +/- 0.2 in healthy skin and of 1.2 +/- 0.2 in normal skin scar, respectively. The decrease was highly significant (p scar, as well as between controls and normal scar, whereas there was not any significant difference between primary and recurrent hernia (p > 0.05). Our data for the first time confirmed that the presence of incisional hernia is accompanied by impaired collagen synthesis in the skin. The decreased tensile strength of collagen type III may play a key role in the development of incisional hernias. Furthermore, it might explain the high recurrence rates of hernia repair by simple closure, as a repetition of the primarily failing technique, and the improvement by the additional use of alloplastic material.

  12. Chronic Pain after Inguinal Hernia Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manangi, Mallikarjuna; Shivashankar, Santhosh; Vijayakumar, Abhishek

    2014-01-01

    Background. Chronic postherniorrhaphy groin pain is defined as pain lasting >6 months after surgery, which is one of the most important complications occurring after inguinal hernia repair, which occurs with greater frequency than previously thought. Material and Methods. Patients undergoing elective inguinal hernioplasty in Victoria Hospital from November 2011 to May 2013 were included in the study. A total of 227 patients met the inclusion criteria and were available for followup at end of six months. Detailed preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative details of cases were recorded according to proforma. The postoperative pain and pain at days two and seven and at end of six months were recorded on a VAS scale. Results. Chronic pain at six-month followup was present in 89 patients constituting 39.4% of all patients undergoing hernia repair. It was seen that 26.9% without preoperative pain developed chronic pain whereas 76.7% of patients with preoperative pain developed chronic pain. Preemptive analgesia failed to show statistical significance in development of chronic pain (P = 0.079). Nerve injury was present in 22 of cases; it was found that nerve injury significantly affected development of chronic pain (P = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, it was found that development of chronic pain following hernia surgery was dependent upon factors like preoperative pain, type of anesthesia, nerve injury, postoperative local infiltration, postoperative complication, and most importantly the early postoperative pain. Conclusions. In the present study, we found that chronic pain following inguinal hernia repair causes significant morbidity to patients and should not be ignored. Preemptive analgesia and operation under local anesthesia significantly affect pain. Intraoperative identification and preservation of all inguinal nerves are very important. Early diagnosis and management of chronic pain can remove suffering of the patient.

  13. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tovar Juan A

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH is defined by the presence of an orifice in the diaphragm, more often left and posterolateral that permits the herniation of abdominal contents into the thorax. The lungs are hypoplastic and have abnormal vessels that cause respiratory insufficiency and persistent pulmonary hypertension with high mortality. About one third of cases have cardiovascular malformations and lesser proportions have skeletal, neural, genitourinary, gastrointestinal or other defects. CDH can be a component of Pallister-Killian, Fryns, Ghersoni-Baruch, WAGR, Denys-Drash, Brachman-De Lange, Donnai-Barrow or Wolf-Hirschhorn syndromes. Some chromosomal anomalies involve CDH as well. The incidence is

  14. 小儿肠系膜裂孔疝29例临床分析%Clinical analysis of 29 cases of mesenteric hernia in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春桃; 李小松

    2016-01-01

    Objetive To explore the clinical characteristics,diagnosis,and treatment of congenital mes-enteric hiatal hernia in children including pathogenesis,by studying 29 clinical cases. Methods A retrospec-tive analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 29 hospitalized patients with congenital mesenteric hiatal her-nia in our hospital from Feb.2007 to Feb.2014.Results In all patients,the major clinical symptoms include vomiting in 26 cases,abdominal pain in 22 cases,abdominal distention in 11 cases,the absence of exhaust and defecate in 7 cases,bloody stool in 2 cases.Moreover,4 cases complicated with hypovolemic shock,3 cases with peritonitis,9 cases with bloody ascites by abdominal puncture.Among these 29 patients,10 cases were highly suspected mesenteric hiatal hernia preoperatively,11 cases were diagnosed as intestinal mechanical obstruction at emergency.No definitive diagnoses were given in 4 cases,whereas other 4 cases were misdiagnosed preopera-tively.Multiple mesenteric hiatal happened in 2 cases.23 cases were demonstrated intestinal ischemic necrosis during operation,in which 19 cases implemented intestinal resection and anastomosis and 4 cases did intestinal exteriorization.Conclusions Early diagnosis of congenital mesenteric hiatal hernia is difficult.Delayed diag-nosis might lead to intestinal ischemia and necrosis,even resulting in short bowel syndrome.For suspected pa-tients,early exploratory operation should be preformed to avoid massintestine lose.Intestinal reposition,resection and anastomosis or intestinal exteriorization were chosen according to intestinal status.%目的:总结小儿先天性肠系膜裂孔疝的临床经验,探讨小儿先天性肠系膜裂孔疝的临床特点及治疗方法。方法回顾性分析2007年2月至2014年2月我们收治的29例肠系膜裂孔疝患儿病例资料。结果入院时患儿临床表现:呕吐26例,腹痛22例,腹胀11例,停止排气排便7例,血便2例;伴休克前期或休克4

  15. Coexisting ipsilateral right femoral hernia and incarcerated obturator hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppälä, Toni T; Tuuliranta, Mikko

    2015-02-25

    Obturator hernia (OH) is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction and described in elderly females in the literature. The treatment has traditionally been laparotomy because of an acute nature of the condition. However, because of old age and comorbidities that OH is associated with, general anaesthesia may need to be avoided. In the current case, a transinguinal preperitoneal approach and management are presented after delayed preoperative diagnosis of bowel obstruction caused by a coexisting right incarcerated OH and ipsilateral non-reducible femoral hernia. A 91-year-old woman had a 6-day history of nausea and vomiting. She was referred to surgery because of persisting vomiting, but without any abdominal pain. A CT scan showed a hernia in the right groin area but the diagnosis was delayed. The hernias were repaired using a preperitoneal transinguinal approach. Bowel resection was not needed. The obturator canal and the femoral ring were both covered by a Bard Polysoft patch.

  16. A rare case of a groin hernia: the Hesselbach's hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Heuvel, B; Munoz Brands, R M; Beuerle, E Y; Dwars, B J

    2015-06-01

    A 61-year-old woman presented with pain in the left groin. The pain radiated from the groin to the knee. At physical examination, a non-reducible swelling was found lateral to the femoral vessels. A CT-scan showed herniation of fatty tissue through the lacuna musculorum. A laparoscopic repair was carried out. A large adipose structure was found herniating through the lacuna musculorum and originating from the Bogros area. It ran along the iliopsoas muscle, suppressing the femoral cutaneous nerve. The tissue was reduced and excised, and a polypropylene mesh was placed to cover the defect. Inguinal hernias are categorized as medial, lateral or femoral hernias. We describe a case in which a hernia through the lacuna musculorum was found, which is very rare and referred to as a Hesselbach's hernia.

  17. 腹部疝疾病腹腔镜手术治疗30例体会%Experience in laparoscopic treatment of abdominal hernia In 30 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏洋; 吴硕东; 许东; 咸国哲

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical skill and experience of laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in the treatment of abdominal hernia. Methods Clinical data of 30 cases of abdominal hernia undergoing laparoscopic her-niorrhaphy in Shengjing Hospital from May 2004 to December 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 23 in-guinal hernia,4 incision hernia and 3 hiatal hernia. TEP in 20 cases,TAPP in 3 cases,lPOM in 4 cases and Nissen hiatal hernia repair in 3 cases were performed. Results The mean operating duration was 72 min for TEP, 127 for TAPP,150 min for IPOM,and ]60 min for hiatal hernia repair and the mean time for hospitalization was 4.6,5.8, 7.5, and 5.3 days. No conversion to open surgery happened among these cases. No recurrence was found. Conclu-sions Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy appears to be an effective and convenient technique for the treatment of abdomi-nal hernia and has many advantages of minimally invasive surgery.%目的 探讨腹腔镜手术治疗腹部各类疝疾病的技巧和体会.方法 回顾分析2004年5月至2008年12月腹腔镜手术治疗的腹部疝疾病患者30例的临床资料.腹股沟疝23例,行完全腹膜外疝修补术(TEP)20例,行TAPP 3例.腹壁切口疝4例,行腹膜内补片植入疝修补术(IPOM).食管裂孔疝3例,采用Nissen法胃底折叠术.结果 TEP平均手术时间72 min,平均住院时间4.6 d.TAPP平均手术时间127 min,平均住院时间5.8 d.IPOM平均手术时间150 min,平均住院时间7.5 d.食管裂孔疝修补Nissen式胃底折叠术平均手术时间160 min.平均住院时间5.3 d.各组患者无中转开腹手术病例,术后恢复良好,未见复发病例.结论 腹腔镜下疝修补术治疗各种腹部疝疾病操作简便,效果确切,可以充分发挥腹腔镜技术的微创优势.

  18. A ventral incisional hernia with herniation of the left hepatic lobe and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neelamraju Lakshmi, Harish; Saini, Devendra; Om, Prabha; Bagree, Rajendra

    2015-01-28

    Ventral incisional hernias with hepatic herniation are extremely rare. Only six cases have been reported so far in the literature. We report a case of a ventral incisional hernia with hepatic herniation along with a review of the literature. A 70-year-old female patient with a history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery 6 months earlier, was admitted to our hospital with symptoms of epigastric swelling and discomfort for 3 months. On examination, she had a mild tender 5 cm×5 cm epigastric lump and was diagnosed as ventral incisional hernia. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen revealed a ventral hernia with herniation of omentum and left hepatic lobe. The patient underwent onlay mesh repair and is asymptomatic at 1-month follow-up. There is a need for evaluation of risk factors for this type of ventral incisional hernia and to recognise it as a special entity.

  19. Right Paraduodenal Hernia in an Adult Patient: Diagnostic Approach and Surgical Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos M. Nuño-Guzmán

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Paraduodenal hernia, a rare congenital anomaly which arises from an error of rotation of the midgut, is the most common type of intraabdominal hernia. There are two variants, right and left paraduodenal hernia, the right being less common. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient with a right paraduodenal hernia with a 6-month history of intermittent episodes of intestinal obstruction. Diagnosis was established by CT scan and upper gastrointestinal series with small bowel follow-through. In a planned laparotomy, herniation of the small bowel loops through the fossa of Waldeyer was found. Division of the lateral right attachments of the colon opened the hernia sac widely, replacing the pre- and postarterial segments of the intestine in the positions they would normally occupy at the end of the first stage of rotation during embryonic development. Six months after the surgery, after an uneventful recovery, the patient remains free of symptoms.

  20. Surgical risk factors for recurrence in inguinal hernia repair – a review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niebuhr Henning

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite all the progress made in inguinal hernia surgery driven by the development of meshes and laparoendoscopic operative techniques, the proportion of recurrent inguinal hernias is still from 12% to 13%. Recurrences can present very soon after primary inguinal hernia repair generally because of technical failure. However, they can also develop much later after the primary operation probably due to patient-specific factors. Supported by evidence-based data, this review presents the surgical risk factors for recurrent inguinal hernia after the primary operation. The following factors are implicated here: choice of operative technique and mesh, mesh fixation technique, mesh size, management of medial and lateral hernia sac, sliding hernia, lipoma in the inguinal canal, operating time, type of anesthesia, participation in a register database, femoral hernia, postoperative complications, as well as the center and surgeon volume. If these surgical risk factors are taken into account when performing primary inguinal hernia repair, a good outcome can be expected for the patient. Therefore, they should definitely be observed.

  1. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is defined by the presence of an orifice in the diaphragm, more often left and posterolateral that permits the herniation of abdominal contents into the thorax. The lungs are hypoplastic and have abnormal vessels that cause respiratory insufficiency and persistent pulmonary hypertension with high mortality. About one third of cases have cardiovascular malformations and lesser proportions have skeletal, neural, genitourinary, gastrointestinal or other defects. CDH can be a component of Pallister-Killian, Fryns, Ghersoni-Baruch, WAGR, Denys-Drash, Brachman-De Lange, Donnai-Barrow or Wolf-Hirschhorn syndromes. Some chromosomal anomalies involve CDH as well. The incidence is < 5 in 10,000 live-births. The etiology is unknown although clinical, genetic and experimental evidence points to disturbances in the retinoid-signaling pathway during organogenesis. Antenatal diagnosis is often made and this allows prenatal management (open correction of the hernia in the past and reversible fetoscopic tracheal obstruction nowadays) that may be indicated in cases with severe lung hypoplasia and grim prognosis. Treatment after birth requires all the refinements of critical care including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation prior to surgical correction. The best hospital series report 80% survival but it remains around 50% in population-based studies. Chronic respiratory tract disease, neurodevelopmental problems, neurosensorial hearing loss and gastroesophageal reflux are common problems in survivors. Much more research on several aspects of this severe condition is warranted. PMID:22214468

  2. A STUDY OF POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS FOLLOWING OPEN MESH INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Kalam

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. Inguinal region consists of deep inguinal ring, inguinal canal and superficial inguinal ring, which make the region weak and susceptible to hernia. 65% of inguinal hernias are indirect hernias and 35% direct hernias. Hernioplasty is the strengthening of posterior wall of inguinal canal. It can be done either with the help of mesh repair or darning. Hernioplasty is indicated in recurrent hernia cases, inguinal hernia with weak abdominal muscle tone where mesh plasty is preferred and inguinal hernia with good muscle tone where darning can be done. In mesh repair, posterior wall (Lichtenstein repair of inguinal canal is strengthened by a Prolene or Marlex mesh. Over time, fibroblasts and capillaries grow over the mesh converting it into a thick sheath strengthening the posterior wall. Complications which can be encountered postsurgery are pain, bleeding, urinary retention, scrotal swelling, abdominal distension, seroma and wound infections, chronic pain, keloid and testicular atrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS  The study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery, Travancore Medical College, Kollam.  The study was done from January 2015 to January 2016.  One hundred cases were identified and were chosen for the study. INCLUSION CRITERIA 1. Inguinal hernia cases treated by open mesh repair. EXCLUSION CRITERIA 1. Other types of inguinal hernia repair. RESULTS All the cases studied belonged to male sex. In our study, age group twenty to forty years amounted to sixty one cases followed by age group forty to sixty years, which amounted to twenty eight cases. Age group zero to twenty years amounted to six cases and age group more than sixty years amounted to five cases. In the study group, seventy two cases were indirect inguinal hernias and twenty eight cases were direct inguinal hernias. Based on the complications encountered, pain at the site was the commonest complaint, which

  3. Gravid Uterus in an Umbilical Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence C. E. Mbuagbaw

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Umbilical hernias large enough to contain a gravid uterus are rare. We report a case of a woman with prolapse of a gravid uterus through a previously repaired umbilical hernia. Our plans for elective surgery with caesarean section and hernia repair were foiled by poor compliance. The hernia was repaired during an emergency caesarean section. We provide details of her management and briefly review the literature on umbilical hernias and pregnancy. Surgical management offers an opportunity for hernia repair and can ensure a safe delivery for the mother and child.

  4. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON MANAGEMENT OF INCISIONAL HERNIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak R

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study the age and sex incidence, various factors leading to incisional hernia, methods to control them and various types of surgical repair by mesh and their complications. BACKGROUND DATA: Incisional hernia is a common surgical condition with a reported incidence of 5-11% of patients subjected to abdominal operations. Many factors are associated with incisional hernia like age, sex, obesity, chest infections, type of suture material, type of incision and most important wound infection. All of them present a challenging problem to the surgeon. So this study has been undertaken to assess the magnitude of this condition and different modalities in surgical repair by mesh in our setup. MATERIALS & METHODS: This is a prospective study of 70 cases of incisional hernia who attended to OPD and emergency department of Sri B. M. Patil medical college Hospital & Research Centre from March 2012 to March 2014. Data were collected from the patients ie, clinical history, examination and appropriate investigations. Documentations of patients which include identification, history, clinical finding, investigative tests, operation findings, operative procedures and complications during the stay in hospital and during subsequent follow up period, were all recorded in a proforma specially prepared. RESULTS: In our series of 70 patients, clinical details of 70 patients were available. Females (80%, n=48 out- numbered males (20%, n=12 and the highest incidence was in the age group of 30 to 60 years with mean age of 45 years. Gynecological operation accounted for 73.3% (n=50 of the index operations, with lower midline incision resulting in 53.3%(n=44 of the incisional hernias. The polypropylene mesh placed overlay or inlay method. All patients attended our follow up ranging from 3 months to 2 year. Two recurrences were noticed in inlay mesh repair group. CONCLUSION: Based on our analysis, we believe that overlay mesh repair is superior to inlay mesh

  5. Strangulated obturator hernia - an unusual presentation of intestinal obstruction.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Zeeshan, Saqib

    2012-01-31

    An 81-year-old Caucasian emaciated female presented with 3 days history of colicky abdominal pain nausea, projectile vomiting and abdominal distension. A pre-operative diagnosis of mechanical bowel obstruction was made. The absence of characteristic clinical signs in this thin elderly woman with a small bowel obstruction failed to provide a pre-operative diagnosis. She underwent a midline laparotomy and resection and anastomosis of small bowel and repair of the strangulated right obturator hernia. The high mortality rate associated with this type of abdominal hernias requires a high index of suspicion to facilitate rapid diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention if the survival rate is to be improved.

  6. Laparoscopic Repair Reduces Incidence of Surgical Site Infections for All Ventral Hernias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arita, Nestor A.; Nguyen, Mylan T.; Nguyen, Duyen H.; Berger, Rachel L.; Lew, Debbie F.; Suliburk, James T.; Askenasy, Erik P.; Kao, Lillian S.; Liang, Mike K.

    2014-01-01

    Background The role of laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias remains incompletely defined. We hypothesize that laparoscopy, compared to open repair with mesh, decreases surgical site infection (SSI) for all ventral hernia types. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were reviewed to identify studies evaluating outcomes of laparoscopic versus open repair with mesh of ventral hernias and divided into groups (primary or incisional). Studies with high risk of bias were excluded. Primary outcomes of interest were recurrence and SSI. Fixed effects model was used unless significant heterogeneity, assessed with the Higgins I-square (I2), was encountered. Results There were five and fifteen studies for primary and incisional cohorts. No difference was seen in recurrence between laparoscopic and open repair in the two hernia groups. SSI was more common with open repair in both hernia groups: primary (OR 4.17, 95%CI [2.03–8.55]) and incisional (OR 5.16, 95%CI [2.79–9.57]). Conclusions Laparoscopic repair, compared to open repair with mesh, decreases rates of SSI in all types of ventral hernias with no difference in recurrence. This data suggests that laparoscopic approach may be the treatment of choice for all types of ventral hernias. PMID:25294541

  7. Laparoscopic Total Extraperitoneal (TEP) Inguinal Hernia Repair Using 3-dimensional Mesh Without Mesh Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliyazicioglu, Tolga; Yalti, Tunc; Kabaoglu, Burcak

    2017-08-01

    Approximately one fifth of patients suffer from inguinal pain after laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. There is existing literature suggesting that the staples used to fix the mesh can cause postoperative inguinal pain. In this study, we describe our experience with laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia surgery using 3-dimensional mesh without mesh fixation, in our institution. A total of 300 patients who had undergone laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair with 3-dimensional mesh in VKV American Hospital, Istanbul from November 2006 to November 2015 were studied retrospectively. Using the hospital's electronic archive, we studied patients' selected parameters, which are demographic features (age, sex), body mass index, hernia locations and types, duration of operations, preoperative and postoperative complications, duration of hospital stays, cost of surgery, need for analgesics, time elapsed until returning to daily activities and work. A total of 300 patients underwent laparoscopic TEP hernia repair of 437 inguinal hernias from November 2006 to November 2015. Of the 185 patients, 140 were symptomatic. Mean duration of follow-up was 48 months (range, 6 to 104 mo). The mean duration of surgery was 55 minutes for bilateral hernia repair, and 38 minutes for unilateral hernia repair. The mean duration of hospital stay was 0.9 day. There was no conversion to open surgery. In none of the cases the mesh was fixated with either staples or fibrin glue. Six patients (2%) developed seroma that were treated conservatively. One patient had inguinal hernia recurrence. One patient had preperitoneal hematoma. One patient operated due to indirect right-sided hernia developed right-sided hydrocele. One patient had wound dehiscence at the umbilical port entry site. Chronic pain developed postoperatively in 1 patient. Ileus developed in 1 patient. Laparoscopic TEP inguinal repair with 3-dimensional mesh without mesh fixation can be performed as safe as

  8. Incarcerated appendix in a Spigelian hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Reinke

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Spigelian hernias are rare, making up only 1-2% of all hernias. Like other hernias, they may contain abdominal contents but are more likely to be incarcerated due to the small size of the fascial defect.(1 We describe here the case of a 71-year-old female with a 10-year history of right lower quadrant pain that remained undiagnosed despite multiple imaging studies. Prior to presentation the patient developed a new bulge and increasing pain at this site; an ultrasound revealed the presence of a bowel-containing hernia. The patient was taken urgently to the operating room for a laparoscopic Spigelian hernia repair, and was found to have an incarcerated appendix in the hernia. After the hernia was reduced, an appendectomy was performed and the hernia was repaired with biological mesh. Postoperatively, the patient did well, and her pain resolved.

  9. Recurrent femoral hernia and associated ovarian pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gately, Ryan Patrick; Concannon, Elizabeth Sarah; Hogan, A; Ryan, R S; O'Leary, M; Barry, K

    2012-08-27

    The following case describes an ovarian tumour presenting in a highly unusual manner-in the form of a recurrent femoral hernia. Recurrent femoral herniae are unusual and should prompt awareness of underlying pathology causing increased intra-abdominal pressure.

  10. Groin hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kehlet, Henrik; Aasvang, Eske

    2005-01-01

    The choice of anesthesia for groin hernia repair is between general, regional (epidural or spinal), and local anesthesia. Existing data from large consecutive patient series and randomized studies have shown local anesthesia to be the method of choice because it can be performed by the surgeon......, does not necessarily require an attending anesthesiologist, translates into the shortest recovery (bypassing the postanesthesia care unit), has the lowest cost, and has the lowest postoperative morbidity regarding risk of urinary retention. Spinal anesthesia has no documented benefits for this small...... scientific data to support the choice of anesthesia, large epidemiologic and nationwide information from databases show an undesirable high (about 10-20%) use of spinal anesthesia and low (about 10%) use of local infiltration anesthesia. Surgeons and anesthesiologists should therefore adjust their anesthesia...

  11. Appendicitis and Meckel's diverticulum in a femoral hernia: simultaneous De Garengeot and Littre's hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, A W; Aspinall, S R

    2012-12-01

    This report presents the case of a 73-year-old woman who was admitted with sepsis, cachexia and confusion secondary to a strangulated femoral hernia containing both the appendix (De Garengeot hernia) and a Meckel's diverticulum (Littre's hernia). She underwent successful operative management and was discharged from hospital on the 10th post-operative day. This is the first report in the literature of a combined De Garengeot and Littre's hernia within a femoral hernia sac.

  12. Appendiceal pus in a hernia sac simulating strangulated femoral hernia: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hsiao, Tien-Fa; Chou,

    2011-01-01

    Tien-Fa Hsiao, Yenn-Hwei ChouDepartment of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, TaiwanAbstract: Acute appendicitis involving the hernia sac is infrequent but well-documented in medical literature. In most instances, it occurs within the right inguinal (Amyand’s hernia) or right femoral hernia (de Garengeot hernia). The diagnosis is always mistaken for incarcerated groin hernia. During surgery, the appendix itself, either perforated or strangulated, is most commonly...

  13. Full-term pregnancy in umbilical hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7) with a huge umbilical hernia containing a 38-week gravid uterus, as well as her management and the avoidance of known...

  14. Femoral hernia; Clinical significance of radiologic diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergenfeldt, M.; Lasson, A. (Lund University (Sweden). Department of Surgery Malmo General Hospital (Sweden)); Ekberg, O.; Kesek, P. (Lund University (Sweden). Department of Radiology Malmo General Hospital (Sweden))

    A retrospective study of 18 patients with femoral hernia assessed by herniography is presented. Although a palpable lump was present in 11 patients (61%), the diagnosis of a femoral hernia was not made before herniography. Surgical exploration was performed in 12 patients and a femoral hernia was found and repaired with beneficial outcome in 9 of them. In conclusion: herniography is of value for the diagnosis of a femoral hernia in patients with obscure groin pain. (author). 14 refs.; 2 figs.

  15. Efficacy Comparison of Plain Film Tension-free Hernia Repair and Hernia Ring Filling Hernia Repair Hernia Repair in Treatment of Inguinal Hernia%平片无张力疝修补术与疝环充填式疝修补术治疗腹股沟疝疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴迟; 高峰

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To compare the efficacy of plain film tension-free hernia repair and hernia ring fill-ing hernia repair in inguinal hernia treatment.Methods:122 cases of inguinal hernia patients from August 2012 to June 2014 in a hospital were selected as the research objects and randomly divided into control group (flat piece without tension hernia repair)and observation group (hernia ring filling type hernia repair),61 cases in each group.Then compared the curative effect of two groups of patients and the incidence of postop-erative complication.Results:Two groups of patients in the operation time,blood loss,pain time had no sta-tistical significance (P >0.05),but the observation group in the length of hospital stay and medical charge were significantly better than that of control group,which had statistical significance(P 0.05),但观察组在住院时间及医疗费用上显著优于对照组,统计学差异明显(P <0.05)。对照组术后并发症发生率为14.8%,与观察组的4.9%相比,具有显著的统计学差异(P <0.05)。结论:平片无张力修补术及疝环充填式疝修补术治疗腹股沟疝均有较好的疗效,但前者术后并发症发生率低,住院时间短、医疗费用低,临床值得推广运用。

  16. Umbilical Hernia Repair with Proceed Ventral Patch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salati Sajad Ahmad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Umbilical hernia is one the commonest surgical lesions and there is a variety of methods available for its repair. Proceed Ventral Patch is a recent and novel innovation in hernia management and we present a successful management of umbilical hernia in a 45 years old obese patient with this technique

  17. The operation of giant incisional hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Axelina; Krag, Christen; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

    2014-01-01

    Incisional hernia is a common complication to laparotomy impacting negatively on quality of life, risk of emergency surgery and cosmesis. The operation of giant incisional hernia (cross diameter of hernia defect > 20 cm) is a high risk procedure and the surgical techniques are not based on high...

  18. Incisional Hernia: An Experimental and Clinical Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van 't Riet (Martijne)

    2004-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Incisional hernia is one of the most common long-term complications of abdominal surgery. In prospective studies with sufficient follow-up, incidences of incisional hernia after laparotomy up to 20% are reported. Incisional hernia can be defined as an internal abdominal

  19. [Congenital lumbar hernia and bilateral renal agenesis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrero Candau, R; Garrido Morales, M

    2007-04-01

    We report a new case of congenital lumbar hernia. This is first case reported of congenital lumbar hernia and bilateral renal agenesis. We review literature and describe associated malformations reported that would be role out in every case of congenital lumbar hernia.

  20. Incidence of abdominal hernias in service members, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2005-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Francis L; Taubman, Stephen B

    2016-08-01

    From 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014, a total of 87,480 incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia (incidence rate 63.3 cases per 10,000 person-years) were documented in the health records of 72,404 active component service members. The overall incidence rate of inguinal hernias among males was six times the rate among females. However, incidence rates of femoral, ventral/incisional, and umbilical hernias were higher among females than males. During the 10-year interval, annual incidence rates for most of the five types of hernia trended downward, but rates increased for umbilical hernias in both males and females and for ventral/ incisional hernias among females. For most types of hernia, the incidence rates tended to be higher among the older age groups. Health records documented 35,624 surgical procedures whose descriptions corresponded to the types of hernia diagnoses in the service members. Most repair procedures were performed in outpatient settings. The proportion of surgical procedures performed via laparoscopy increased during the period, but the majority of operations were open procedures. The limitations to the generalizability of the findings in this study are discussed.

  1. Surgical management of inguinal hernias at Bugando Medical Centre in northwestern Tanzania: our experiences in a resource-limited setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabula Joseph B

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Inguinal hernia repair remains the commonest operation performed by general surgeons all over the world. There is paucity of published data on surgical management of inguinal hernias in our environment. This study is intended to describe our own experiences in the surgical management of inguinal hernias and compare our results with that reported in literature. Methods A descriptive prospective study was conducted at Bugando Medical Centre in northwestern Tanzania. Ethical approval to conduct the study was obtained from relevant authorities before the commencement of the study. Statistical data analysis was done using SPSS software version 17.0. Results A total of 452 patients with inguinal hernias were enrolled in the study. The median age of patients was 36 years (range 3 months to 78 years. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 36.7:1. This gender deference was statistically significant (P = 0.003. Most patients (44.7% presented late (more than five years of onset of hernia. Inguinoscrotal hernia (66.8% was the commonest presentation. At presentation, 208 (46.0% patients had reducible hernia, 110 (24.3% had irreducible hernia, 84 (18.6% and 50(11.1% patients had obstructed and strangulated hernias respectively. The majority of patients (53.1% had right sided inguinal hernia with a right-to-left ratio of 2.1: 1. Ninety-two (20.4% patients had bilateral inguinal hernias. 296 (65.5% patients had indirect hernia, 102 (22.6% had direct hernia and 54 (11.9% had both indirect and direct types (pantaloon hernia. All patients in this study underwent open herniorrhaphy. The majority of patients (61.5% underwent elective herniorrhaphy under spinal anaesthesia (69.2%. Local anaesthesia was used in only 1.1% of cases. Bowel resection was required in 15.9% of patients. Modified Bassini’s repair (79.9% was the most common technique of posterior wall repair of the inguinal canal. Lichtenstein mesh repair was used in only one (0

  2. [Spieghel's hernia and its treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kienzle, H F; Staemmler, S

    1978-04-27

    It is reported about 12 patients with hernias through the spigelian fascia, among them one case with a rare bilateral hernia. The cause of these hernias are congenital or acquired gaps in the fascia transversalis medial to the linea semilunaris. Mostly they are discovered below the umbilicus in the height of the linea semicircularis, lateral to the rectussheath and medial to the spigelian line. All clinical details are shown in a table (Tab. 1). There is referred about localisation, sex, age, complications before operation (e.g. incarceration), complaints of the patients and operative findings. The results correspond to those of other authors. Seldom a spigelian hernia is noticed in children. To diagnose a spigelian hernia it is very important to think of it, for the symptoms are often not very characteristically and the clinical findings misleading. At times only operation reveals the real diagnosis. The operation is often simple and remaining complaints are very seldom; we didnt see any. Sometimes the operative finding requires an extensive laparotomia and bowel resection. If one finds the abdominal wall intact, one should open the abdomen in every case.

  3. Revisional laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacharakis, Emmanouil; Shalhoub, Joseph; Selvapatt, Nowlan; Darzi, Ara; Ziprin, Paul

    2008-01-01

    We herein report a laparoscopically performed re-do operation on a patient who had previously undergone a laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair. We describe the case of a 71-year-old patient who presented within 3 months of her primary laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair with recurrence. On relaparoscopy, dense adhesions to the mesh were found, and the mesh had migrated into the hernia sac. This had allowed loops of small bowel to herniate into the sac. The initial part of the procedure involved the lysis of adhesions. A piece of Gore-Tex DualMesh with a central keyhole and a radial slit was cut so that it could provide at least 3 cm to 5 cm of overlap of the fascial defect. The tails of the mesh were wrapped around the bowel, and the mesh was secured to the margins of the hernia with circumferential metal tacking and 4 transfascial sutures. The patient remains in satisfactory condition and no recurrence or any surgery-related problem has been observed during 8 months of follow-up. Revisional laparoscopic repair of parastomal hernias seems feasible and has been shown to be safe and effective in this case. The success of this approach depends on longer follow-up reports and standardization of the technical elements.

  4. Uso de Bioprótesis en las hernias inguinocrurales complicadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rafael Roselló Fina

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1986 ha ocurrido una revolución en la cirugía de la hernia inguinal caracterizada por el uso en ascenso de bioprótesis para su tratamiento. Existe entre los cirujanos el mito de no usar este tipo de reparación en la hernia inguinal complicada (incarcerada, atascada o estrangulada. Con el objetivo de revisar este concepto, se analizan los casos operados por esta causa en los que se realizó hernioplastia protésica. En un total de 18 casos con hernias complicadas, 2 de ellas reproducidas y 2 hernias crurales, con un seguimiento promedio de 14 meses (rango entre 7 y 18 meses, solo ocurrió una complicación menor de la herida (seroma y no se constató sepsis de herida ni recidiva herniaria. En nuestra serie en 3 pacientes fue necesario realizar resección de epiplón necrosado y estrangulado en el saco herniario, en una mujer con hernia crural, con una hernia de Richter necrosada donde fue necesaria la resección y anastomosis sin complicaciones. En todos los casos se usó antibioticoterapia de amplio espectro. Se hace una revisión de la literatura médica que nos permite concluir que la hernia inguinocrural complicada no es contraindicación para la reparación protésicaA revolutions has been taking place in inguinal hernia surgery characterized by the increasing use of bioprothesis in its treatment since 1986. Among the surgeons, it is a myth not to use this type of repair in complicated inguinal hernia (incarcerated, stuck or strangulated. Those cases operated on due to this cause that underwent prosthetic hernioplasty were analyzed in order to review this concept. In a total of 18 cases with complicated hernias, 2 of them reproduced and 2 crural, with an average follow-up of 14 months (range 7-18 months, there was only a minor wound complication (seroma and no wound sepsis or herniary relapse were observed. In 3 patients of our series, it was necessary to perform resection of the epiplon necrosated and strangulated in the herniary

  5. An Unusual Trocar Site Hernia after Prostatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan K. Schmocker

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Trocar site hernias are rare complications after laparoscopic surgery but most commonly occur at larger trocar sites placed at the umbilicus. With increased utilization of the laparoscopic approach the incidence of trocar site hernia is increasing. We report a case of a trocar site hernia following an otherwise uncomplicated robotic prostatectomy at a 12 mm right lower quadrant port. The vermiform appendix was incarcerated within the trocar site hernia. Subsequent appendectomy and primary repair of the hernia were performed without complication.

  6. Intrathoracic intestinal diverticulum in a late presenting congenital bilateral diaphragmatic hernia: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Hernias comprise 3% of all defects of the diaphragm. Bilateral hernias are extremely rare and usually occur in children. Here we present a case report of a bilateral Morgagni-Larrey diaphragmatic hernia with an intrathoracic intestinal diverticulum and late presentation. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of this type. Case presentation A 37-year-old Hispanic man was admitted to our emergency department with a 4-day history of obstipation, abdominal pain, distension, nausea, and vomiting. During the initial evaluation, chest and abdominal X-rays were performed, which revealed intestinal displacement into his right and left hemithorax. During laparotomy, a Morgagni-Larrey hernia with a sac was found. His small bowel with a large diverticulum, transverse colon, descending colon, and epiploic fat were herniated into his thorax. Tissues were returned to his abdominal cavity and the hernia defects were corrected with running non-absorbable sutures. He had no postoperative complications. Conclusions Bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernias remain extremely rare. However, they should be considered in adult patients with intestinal obstruction even when respiratory symptoms are absent. This is the first description of a patient with a prolapsed intestinal diverticulum and bilateral diaphragmatic hernias. PMID:24377864

  7. Prenatal Diagnosis and Management for Congenital Intrapericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia with Massive Cardiac Effusion: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Chang Hsieh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Congenital intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia with massive pericardial effusion is a rare type of Morgagni hernia. Since 1980, there have been only 16 reported cases. We report on the imaging features of such a case that was diagnosed in utero. The prognosis of congenital intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia is better than the other types of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, but lung hypoplasia due to compression by the pericardial effusion is not uncommon. Early intervention and treatment should be given to improve the perinatal outcome once the prenatal diagnosis has been made. We have summarized current diagnostic methods and management for this rare phenotype, after reviewing previous case reports and articles relating to the intervention for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

  8. Hernia de Amyand: presentación de dos casos Amyand's hernia: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro López Rodríguez

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Encontrar una apendicitis en el interior de una hernia inguinal encarcelada es algo inusual y se conoce en la literatura como hernia de Amyand. Cuando ocurre, casi siempre es diagnosticada como una hernia inguinal encarcelada. Realizamos la presentación de dos casos y revisamos la literaturaFinding appendicitis in the interior of an arrested inguinal hernia is something unusual known as Amyand's hernia. When it occurs, it is usually diagnosed as an arrested inguinal hernia. Two cases are reported and the literature on this topic is reviewed

  9. Strangulation of a Meckel's diverticulum in a femoral hernia (Littre's hernia)

    OpenAIRE

    Misiak, Piotr; Piskorz, Łukasz; Kutwin, Leszek; Jabłoński, Sławomir; Kordiak, Jacek; Brocki, Marian

    2014-01-01

    Femoral hernia is usually presented as a flexible, round, domed shape lying on the medial side of the thigh about 2–3 cm below the inguinal ligament. Among the external hernias, femoral hernia is the second most common inguinal hernia. Its prevalence reaches 20%. Among all inguinal hernias, femoral hernias are characterised by a high level of incarceration and strangulation. This can be as high as 60%. We would like to present a case of 71-year-old patient who was admitted to the Clinic urgen...

  10. Nationwide prevalence of groin hernia repair.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob Burcharth

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Groin hernia repair is a commonly performed surgical procedure in the western world but large-scaled epidemiologic data are sparse. Large-scale data on the occurrence of groin hernia repair may provide further understanding to the pathophysiology of groin hernia development. This study was undertaken to investigate the age and gender dependent prevalence of groin hernia repair. METHODS: In a nationwide register-based study, using data from the Civil Registration System covering all Danish citizens, we established a population-based cohort of all people living in Denmark on December 31(st, 2010. Within this population all groin hernia repairs during the past 5 years were identified using data from the ICD 10(th edition in the Danish National Hospital Register. RESULTS: The study population covered n = 5,639,885 persons. During the five years study period 46,717 groin hernia repairs were performed (88.6% males, 11.4% females. Inguinal hernias comprised 97% of groin hernia repairs (90.2% males, 9.8% females and femoral hernias 3% of groin hernia repairs (29.8% males, 70.2% females. Patients between 0-5 years and 75-80 years constituted the two dominant groups for inguinal hernia repair. In contrast, the age-specific prevalence of femoral hernia repair increased steadily throughout life peaking at age 80-90 years in both men and women. CONCLUSION: The age distribution of inguinal hernia repair is bimodal peaking at early childhood and old age, whereas the prevalence of femoral hernia repair increased steadily throughout life. This information can be used to formulate new hypotheses regarding disease etiology with regard to age and gender specifications.

  11. 婴幼儿先天性膈疝的X线及CT表现%X-ray and CT features of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in infant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代燕增; 周朝理

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨先天性膈疝的影像学诊断价值.方法 回顾性分析13例经X线胸部平片、钡餐或钡灌肠造影及CT检查而诊断为先天性膈疝,其中8例经手术证实.结果 胸腹膜裂孔疝X线胸腹部平片表现为患侧胸腔内见含气肠襻,钡餐或钡灌肠造影显示小肠或结肠疝入胸腔内;食管裂孔疝X线胸腹部平片表现为心膈角处透亮影或无异常,钡餐显示胃疝入胸腔内或见三环征;胸骨后疝X线胸腹部平片表现为心膈角处见含气或无气肿块影,钡餐显示胃及小肠位置及形态正常,钡灌肠造影显示结肠疝入胸骨后方心膈角处.而CT二维重建成像均可显示膈肌缺损的大小、部位及疝入胸腔内的脏器形态.胸腹膜裂孔疝6例,食管裂孔疝5例,胸骨后疝2例,其中位于左侧10例,右侧3例.结论 联合合理运用影像学检查对婴幼儿先天性膈疝具有很高的诊断价值,为临床手术治疗提供重要的依据.%Objective To investigate imaging value in diagnosing congenital diaphragmatic hernia in infants. Methods 13 cases with congenital diaphragmatic hernia confirmed by X-ray, barium meal or barium enema examination and CT examination were ana-lysed retrospectively. In which 8 cases were confirmed by operation. Results The pleuroperitoneal hernia,X-ray showed gas intesti-nal loops at disordered ipsilateral chest, barium meal or barium enema examination showed the small intestine or colon herniated into the chest cavity; the esophageal hiatal hernia, X-ray showed cardiac septal corner translucent shadow or without abnormal, barium meal showed the stomach herniated into the chest cavity, or the three-ring sign; the morgagni hernia,X-ray showed masses at the cardiac septal corner with gas or without gas inside the masses, barium meal showed the location and morphology of the stomach and small intestine to be normal, barium enema examination showed colon herniated into the chest behind the heart and diaphragm cor

  12. Ultrasonic diagnosis of strangulated Richter's hernia. Ultralydundersoekelse av strangulert Richters hernie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aakhus, S.; Roeysland, P.; Husby, O.S. (University and Regional Hospital, Trondheim (Norway))

    1990-10-01

    Ultrasonography may show early pathological changes in an obstructed intestine and also identify abnormal structures in the abdominal wall and inguinal region. A patient with intestinal obstruction due to a femoral hernia of Richter's type, is described. The hernia was well shown by ultrasonography. Ultrasonic examination of the abdomen, including the inguinal regions, may facilitate earlier diagnosis in patients with acute abdominal disease. 9 refs., 2 figs.

  13. Laparoscopic vs open incisional hernia repair a randomized clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.H. Eker (Hasan); B.M. Hansson; M. Buunen (Mark); I.M.C. Janssen (Ignace); R.E.G.J.M. Pierik (Robert); W.C.J. Hop (Wim); H.J. Bonjer (Jaap); J. Jeekel (Hans); J.F. Lange (Johan)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractImportance: Incisional hernia is the most frequent surgical complication after laparotomy. Up to 30% of all patients undergoing laparotomy develop an incisional hernia. Objective: To compare laparoscopic vs open ventral incisional hernia repairwith regard to postoperative pain and

  14. Clinicoradiological diagnosis of cough-induced intercostal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobradin, Andrew; Bello, Jessica

    2013-07-01

    Cough-induced intercostal hernias without any type of external trauma are very uncommon. There have been less than 10 cases documented in literature. This clinical report describes a 66-year-old male who developed an intercostal hernia induced by a severe cough due to bilateral pneumonia and a subsequent rib fracture. It took almost a full year to diagnose this patient's chest wall mass. Only after taking careful history and reviewing all the images, the diagnosis of intercostal hernia was made. He was referred to a cardiothoracic surgeon for treatment. Intercostal hernias can be caused by the sheer exertion of coughing without any prior history of trauma to the chest wall or abdomen. Early diagnosis is difficult and had to be based on clinical signs and symptoms. The imaging studies might help to establish diagnosis, but cannot replace a diligent examination and clinical interview. The treatment of the chest wall defect is case dependent. Surgical repair reinforcement of the intercostal muscles might be required with prosthetic nonabsorbable (polypropylene) mesh.

  15. Parastomal hernias -- clinical study of therapeutic strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Târcoveanu, E; Vasilescu, A; Cotea, E; Vlad, N; Palaghia, M; Dănilă, N; Variu, M

    2014-01-01

    Parastomal hernias are parietal defects adjacent to the stomasite, after ileostomy and colostomy. Their incidence is variable and they are generally underestimated. Between 2001 and 2010 at the First Surgical Clinic Iasi, we treated 861 incisional hernias, of which there were 31 parastomal hernias in 26 patients (3%), 5 of which were recurrent parastomal hernias. Parastomal hernias have been explored clinically, through imaging and intraoperatively.Because our experience and literature review have demonstrated that a mesh repair is a safe procedure in the treatment of parastomal hernia, in 2010 we initiated a prospective randomized trial on the use of prophylactic polypropylene mesh at the time of stoma formation to reduce the risk of parastomal hernia. We enrolled in the study 20 patients with mesh implanted at the primary operation and 22 patients without mesh. The inclusion criteria were: patients with low rectal cancer, stage II-III, irradiated, obese, with a history of hernias, patients who do physical work. Most parastomal hernias were asymptomatic; only six cases with parastomal hernias required emergency surgical treatment. We performed local tissue repair in 16 cases (4 cases with recurrent parastomal hernia, stoma relocation in one case), sublay mesh repair in 15 cases (one case with recurrent parastomal hernia; stoma relocation in 5 cases). Postoperative morbidity registered included 4 wound infections (one case after mesh repair which required surgical reintervention) and stoma necrosis in one case with strangulation parastomal hernia with severe postoperative evolution and death. After local tissue repair recurrences were seen in 6 cases, after mesh repair we registered recurrence only in one case and no relapse after the relocation of the stoma. The patients with prophylactic mesh at the time of stoma formation to reduce the risk of parastomal hernia were followed for a median of 20 months(range 12 to 28 months) by clinical examination and ultrasound

  16. Hernia incisional gigante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada Arleny Pérez Mayo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó el caso de paciente femenina de 53 años, intervenida por primera vez en el Hospital Nacional de San Pedro Necta del Departamento de Huehuetenango, en Guatemala, por una hernia incisional de 26 años de padecimiento. Se realizó cuidadosa preparación preoperatoria, que incluyó la antisepsia local de la piel y la aplicación de enemas evacuantes con Cloruro de Sodio al 0,9%. La técnica utilizada consistió en una incisión en Losange alrededor de la cicatriz anterior. Se procedió al cierre del anillo único de más de 10 cm de diámetro y la colocación de malla de polipropileno supra aponeurótica, con sutura no absorbible monofilamentosa. Fue posible el restablecimiento de la capacidad toraco-abdominal, al regresar las asas intestinales contenidas en el saco herniario a la cavidad. Se administró ceftriaxona, como antibiótico profiláctico. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y la estadía reportada fue de siete días. No ocurrieron complicaciones como seroma, hematoma o infección de la herida quirúrgica, que se atribuyó, en buena medida, a la colocación oportuna de drenajes durante 48 horas del postoperatorio. No hubo recidiva herniaria, con un seguimiento promedio de 19 meses; ni existieron manifestaciones de rechazo, atribuibles al material protésico

  17. Anaesthesia for a Rare Case of Down’s Syndrome with Morgagni’s Hernia Undergoing Laparoscopic Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marulasiddappa, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    Morgagni’s hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and it is rare in children. The association between Down’s syndrome and Morgagni’s hernia in children is also rare. Laparoscopic repair is a preferred surgical approach than open surgical procedures as laparoscopy offers a bilateral view of Morgagni’s hernia, minimal tissue damage and a faster recovery. When children with Down’s syndrome and associated Morgagni’s hernia present for laparoscopic repair, they pose several complex challenges to the anaesthetist due to the involvement of multiple organ systems, difficulties in airway management and effects of laparoscopic surgery on the organ systems. Therefore, such children need a very careful anaesthetic plan, including a thorough preoperative assessment and preparation for a successful perioperative outcome. PMID:26155537

  18. De Garengeot Hernia: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Aashish; Sira janardhan, Haridarshan

    2012-01-01

    Femoral Hernia constitutes a small percentage of groin herniae,but have always been associated with significantly high morbidity.This is partly due to the difficulties in diagnosing the hernia and also due to its propensity for incarceration because of its anatomy. We report a rare case of De Garengeot Hernia which is the herniation of the appendix into a femoral hernia.While this is rare in itself,acute appendicitis in a strangulated femoral hernia is even more uncommon.

  19. De Garengeot’s Hernia; Acute Appendicitis In An Incarcerated Femoral Hernia

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    Kokoszka Maciej

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Acute appendicitis and incarcerated femoral hernia belong to relatively well known surgical diseases with regard to diagnostic workup and treatment. de Garengeot’s hernia is an entity involving concurrent occurrence of both the above mentioned problems.

  20. Strangulation of a Meckel's diverticulum in a femoral hernia (Littre's hernia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misiak, Piotr; Piskorz, Lukasz; Kutwin, Leszek; Jabłoński, Sławomir; Kordiak, Jacek; Brocki, Marian

    2014-01-01

    Femoral hernia is usually presented as a flexible, round, domed shape lying on the medial side of the thigh about 2-3 cm below the inguinal ligament. Among the external hernias, femoral hernia is the second most common inguinal hernia. Its prevalence reaches 20%. Among all inguinal hernias, femoral hernias are characterised by a high level of incarceration and strangulation. This can be as high as 60%. We would like to present a case of 71-year-old patient who was admitted to the Clinic urgently due to strangulation of Meckel's diverticulum in a right-sided femoral hernia. Strangulation of Meckel's diverticulum in femoral hernia is an extremely rare entity. It was described for the very first time in 1700 by Littre.

  1. Acute Appendicitis in an Incarcerated Femoral Hernia: A Case of De Garengeot Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyoko Ebisawa

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Appendicitis and incarcerated hernia are frequently encountered reasons of emergency surgery for acute abdomen. The treatment in early stages of each condition is generally simple, but when these conditions are combined, the symptoms become slightly complicated, obscuring specific symptoms. Especially the lack of symptoms for appendicitis leads to delayed diagnosis, resulting in high morbidity. Amyand hernia, which contains appendix in its inguinal hernia sac, is perhaps more familiar to the general surgeons than De Garengeot hernia, which is an incarcerated femoral hernia with an appendix in its sac. We report the case of a 90-year-old female with incarcerated femoral hernia who underwent emergency hernioplasty only to reveal an inflamed appendix in its sac. The patient underwent both appendectomy and hernia repair simultaneously with synthetic mesh and was discharged on postoperative day 7 without any complications. We will also discuss the physical and radiological findings of De Garengeot hernia.

  2. Intrathoracic Hernia after Total Gastrectomy

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    Yoshihiko Tashiro

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Intrathoracic hernias after total gastrectomy are rare. We report the case of a 78-year-old man who underwent total gastrectomy with antecolic Roux-Y reconstruction for residual gastric cancer. He had alcoholic liver cirrhosis and received radical laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy for gastric cancer 3 years ago. Early gastric cancer in the remnant stomach was found by routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. We initially performed endoscopic submucosal dissection, but the vertical margin was positive in a pathological result. We performed total gastrectomy with antecolic Roux-Y reconstruction by laparotomy. For adhesion of the esophageal hiatus, the left chest was connected with the abdominal cavity. A pleural defect was not repaired. Two days after the operation, the patient was suspected of having intrathoracic hernia by chest X-rays. Computed tomography showed that the transverse colon and Roux limb were incarcerated in the left thoracic cavity. He was diagnosed with intrathoracic hernia, and emergency reduction and repair were performed. Operative findings showed that the Roux limb and transverse colon were incarcerated in the thoracic cavity. After reduction, the orifice of the hernia was closed by suturing the crus of the diaphragm with the ligament of the jejunum and omentum. After the second operation, he experienced anastomotic leakage and left pyothorax. Anastomotic leakage was improved with conservative therapy and he was discharged 76 days after the second operation.

  3. [Giant inguinal scrotal vesical hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maximiano Vásquez, R; Roca Suárez, A; Ramírez Chamorro, F; de Alba López, J R; Gordón Laporte, R

    1999-10-01

    Presentation of one case of scrotal hernia in a man of 64 years old patient. Diagnosed by cistography and ultrasound and treated by herniorraphy and posterior transuretral litolaplaxy of a vesical litiasis and RTU of prostate. Postoperative urography showed normal vesical morphology.

  4. Developments in inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorbrood, C.E.H.

    2016-01-01

    Performing inguinal hernia surgery in a high volume clinic allows for gaining expertise and achieving considerable experience and knowledge. This results in the recognition of benefits of tailored treatment, selection of patients, and structured aftercare rendering improvement of patients' outcome a

  5. Embryology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kluth, D; Keijzer, R; Hertl, M; Tibboel, D

    1996-11-01

    It is still generally believed that the defect in congenital diaphragmatic hernia results from failure of the so-called pleuroperitoneal canals (PPCs) to close at the end of the embryonic period (8th gestational week). Furthermore, it is assumed that gut could enter the thoracic cavity through this defect, causing compression and finally hypoplasia of the lung. However, this sequence of embryological events has never been studied, and many details even of normal diaphragmatic development are still unknown. Using scanning electron microscopy and a new animal model of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), the nitrofen rat model, the normal embryology of the diaphragm was reinvestigated and, for the first time, the crucial developmental steps of congenital diaphragmatic hernia formation were studied. The basic results were: (1) In normal development, the PPCs are never wide enough to allow herniation of gut loops. (2) The formation of the defect happens in an early embryonic period. (3) The early ingrowth of liver through the defect is of major importance for the formation of CDH. In another set of experiments, the nitrofen rat model of congenital diaphragmatic hernias was used to study the cellular mechanisms involved during epithelial and mesenchymal growth and differentiation in normal and in abnormal lungs. These results, combined with selected culture techniques (eg, branching morphogenesis and epithelio-mesenchymal interaction) probably open new ways to a better understanding of the mechanisms that finally lead to an abnormal lung in CDH.

  6. Developments in inguinal hernia repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorbrood, C E H

    2016-01-01

    Performing inguinal hernia surgery in a high volume clinic allows for gaining expertise and achieving considerable experience and knowledge. This results in the recognition of benefits of tailored treatment, selection of patients, and structured aftercare rendering improvement of patients´ outcome a

  7. Ventral hernia in the sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tirgari, M

    1980-01-05

    Between November 1974 and November 1978, 11 sheep with ventral hernia were referred for surgical correction. The anatomy of the area, clinical findings, operative details, surgicopathological observations and postoperative results are described. A comparison of these cases with hernial correction in horses and cattle is made.

  8. Bilateral femoral hernia in a male cadaver with vascular variations: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natsis, K; Totlis, T; Papadopoulou, A L; Apostolidis, S; Skandalakis, P

    2006-08-01

    Femoral hernia, which is a less common occurrence than inguinal hernia, is not congenital in most cases and is uncommon in young males. It is considered to be more common in females than in males due to an enlarged femoral ring in the former. A case of bilateral femoral hernia in a 64-year-old male cadaver is described within the framework of an anatomical approach. On the right side, the protrusion of the viscus appeared as a small intestine coil, whereas on the left side the protruded viscus appeared as a pelvic colon's appendix appiplocae. On both sides, the protruded viscus was located in front of an aberrant obturator artery, which oriented from the external iliac artery and not from the internal iliac artery as should be the case. The puberal branch of the inferior epigastric artery was absent. The cadaver's medical history and his skin examination excluded an abdominal surgery. In the literature, case reports of bilateral femoral hernia appear only seldom, especially those of male patients who had not undergone inguinal hernia repair surgery. In femoral hernias more often than in other types of hernia, the protruded viscus is strangulated and undergoes a tissue necrosis. Morbidity and mortality for complicated femoral hernia is high. Knowledge of vascular variation such as presented by the cadaver under study is extremely useful to the surgeon because any iatrogenic injury of the aberrant obturator artery during a laparoscopic repair may result in dangerous hemorrhage.

  9. Morgagni Hernia: Presentation of 3 Cases and A Short Review of the Literature

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    Mervan Bekdas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni hernia is a rare type of diaphragm hernia, generally seen on the right side. Diagnosis usually requires chest X-rays. In this study, we aim to share our experience with Morgagni hernia cases to contribute to its early diagnosis and treatment. Among our cases, 2 were admitted with respiratory symptoms while one of the cases was asymptomatic. In one of the cases the disease was diagnosed merely with chest X-ray, but in the other 2 cases thorax computerized tomography was required for differential diagnosis. The hernias were on the right side in all 3 cases and surgical interventions were performed in all of them. Postoperative morbidity or mortality was not observed in these cases.

  10. Short-term outcome after Onstep versus Lichtenstein technique for inguinal hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, K; Burcharth, J; Fonnes, S;

    2015-01-01

    Because of the high number of patients with chronic pain following inguinal hernia repair, a new, simple and safe method of repair is needed. Onstep is a new type of inguinal hernia repair that might be able to reduce postoperative acute and chronic pain. The aim of this study was to investigate...... patients, > 18 years, with a primary inguinal hernia. Experimental treatment in this study was the Onstep technique, which was compared with the Lichtenstein repair. Primary outcome was postoperative pain during the first 10 days following surgery. Secondary outcomes included duration of surgery, period...... between the groups regarding early postoperative pain or minor postoperative complications. Four patients had a recurrence within the first 10 days of follow-up, one patient in the Lichtenstein group and three patients in the Onstep group, p = 0.30. The Onstep technique for inguinal hernia repair was safe...

  11. Primary prevascular and retropsoas hernias: incidence of rare abdominal wall hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, B S; Lytle, N; Stoikes, N; Webb, D; Voeller, G

    2015-06-01

    To describe the incidence and treatment of prevascular and retropsoas hernias in a large-volume general surgery practice. Femoral hernias are considered uncommon with an incidence between 2 and 8 % of groin hernias. There are no large studies describing the subtypes of femoral hernias or retropsoas hernias, and therefore no reported incidence or standardized treatment recommendations for these hernias exist. This study is a retrospective review of all patients undergoing total extraperitoneal (TEP) laparoscopic herniorrhaphy between August 1993 and December 2011. A single surgeon performed all the repairs. Demographics and patient outcomes were reported. 2,436 patients underwent 3,242 TEP repairs. The subtypes were: indirect 1,523 (46.9 %), direct 1,473 (45.4 %), femoral 156 (4.8 %), obturator 35 (1.1 %), prevascular 25 (0.77 %), Spigelian 20 (0.61 %), retropsoas 3 (0.09 %). Prevascular hernias accounted for 16 % of femoral hernias. Patients with prevascular hernias had a mean age of 70.3 years and were all male. 13 of the 25 patients (52 %) with prevascular hernias had other associated defects and four (16 %) of the patients had prevascular hernias as a recurrence from a prior hernia operation. There were three patients with retropsoas hernias that only would not have been seen from an anterior open approach. There are no intraoperative complications or known recurrences from this study group. Prevascular and retropsoas hernias are uncommon, but have a higher incidence than previously believed. Prevascular hernias tend to be associated with older age and other defects. The diagnosis and management of these hernias are readily achieved using the laparoscopic TEP approach.

  12. Occult hernias detected by laparoscopic totally extra-peritoneal inguinal hernia repair: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dulucq, J-L; Wintringer, P; Mahajna, A

    2011-08-01

    One distinct advantage of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is the opportunity for clear visualization of the direct, indirect, femoral, obturator and other groin spaces. The aim of this study was to examine/assess the potential of the laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair method in detecting unexpected additional hernias. Patients who underwent an elective inguinal hernia repair, in the department of abdominal surgery at the institute of laparoscopic surgery (ILS, Bordeaux, France) between September 2003 and July 2005 were enrolled prospectively in the study. The patients' demographic data, operative, postoperative course and outpatient follow-up were studied. A total of 337 laparoscopic inguinal hernia repairs were performed in 263 patients. Of these, 189 patients had unilateral hernia (109 right and 80 left) and 74 patients had bilateral hernias. Indirect hernias were the most common, followed by direct and then femoral hernias. There were 218 male patients and 45 female patients with a mean age of 60 ± 15 years. There were 44 unexpected hernias: 6 spegilian hernias, 19 obturator hernias and another 19 femoral hernias. Two patients were converted to transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) due to surgical difficulties. There were no major intraoperative complications in all patients except for three cases of bleeding arising from the inferior epigastric artery. Only one patient had postoperative bleeding and was re-operated on several hours after the hernia repair. No recurrence occurred in the present series. The laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair approach allows viewing of the entire myopectineal orifice, facilitating repair of any unexpected hernias and thereby reducing the chance of recurrence.

  13. Acute management of a unilateral incarcerated Spigelian hernia in a patient with bilateral Spigelian hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vannahme, M; Monkhouse, S J W

    2013-09-01

    Spigelian hernias were first described by Joseph Klinkosch in the 18th century, and have since posed a diagnostic and surgical problem owing to their non-specific presentation and rarity. While the management of unilateral hernias is fairly well described in today's literature, bilateral Spigelian hernias are very rare. We describe the emergency management of a patient with bilateral Spigelian hernias, diagnosed on computed tomography.

  14. Laparoscopic Repair of Primary Inguinal Hernia Performed in Public Hospitals or Low-Volume Centers Have Increased Risk of Reoperation for Recurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Kristoffer; Friis-Andersen, Hans; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair is traditionally carried out as either open or laparoscopic repair. Laparoscopic repair has been shown to be superior in terms of pain and discomfort, but has a higher risk of reoperation. Quality of inguinal hernia repair is related to factors such as method...... of care. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Danish Hernia Database covering the period from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 2013. Hernia repairs included in this study were laparoscopic repair of primary, inguinal hernias in the elective setting, performed on adult male patients. RESULTS...... reoperation rate compared with public centers: 5.36% versus 8.53%, P ≤ .0001. Type of center and center volume were both independent risk factors for reoperation in a Cox regression model. CONCLUSION: Hospital volume had an effect on the reoperation rate for recurrence after laparoscopic inguinal hernia...

  15. Immunohistochemical evaluation of fibrillar components of the extracellular matrix of transversalis fascia and anterior abdominal rectus sheath in men with inguinal hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério De Oliveira Gonçalves

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the role of fibrillar extracellular matrix components in the pathogenesis of inguinal hernias. METHODS: samples of the transverse fascia and of the anterior sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle were collected from 40 men aged between 20 and 60 years with type II and IIIA Nyhus inguinal hernia and from 10 fresh male cadavers (controls without hernia in the same age range. The staining technique was immunohistochemistry for collagen I, collagen III and elastic fibers; quantification of fibrillar components was performed with an image analysis processing software. RESULTS: no statistically significant differences were found in the amount of elastic fibers, collagen I and collagen III, and the ratio of collagen I / III among patients with inguinal hernia when compared with subjects without hernia. CONCLUSION: the amount of fibrillar extracellular matrix components did not change in patients with and without inguinal hernia.

  16. Late-Onset Bowel Strangulation due to Reduction En Masse of Inguinal Hernia

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    Ikuo Watanobe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Incarcerated inguinal hernia is often encountered by surgeons in daily practice. Although rare, hernial reduction en masse is a potential complication of manual reduction of an incarcerated hernia. Manual reduction was performed in a case of Zollinger classification type VII (combined type hernia in which the indirect hernia portion included an incarcerated small intestine. This procedure caused hernial reduction en masse, but this went unnoticed, and the remaining portion of the direct hernia in the inguinal region was treated surgically by the anterior approach. Because the incarcerated small bowel that had been reduced en masse was not completely obstructed, the patient’s general condition was not greatly affected, and he was able to resume eating. Twenty days after surgery, he developed sudden abdominal pain as a result of gastrointestinal perforation. When performing manual reduction of an incarcerated hernia in cases after self-reduction over a long period, the clinician should always be aware of the possibility of reduction en masse.

  17. Groin hernia subtypes are associated in patients with bilateral hernias: a 14-year nationwide epidemiologic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Andresen, Kristoffer; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-07-01

    To investigate the relation between groin hernia subtypes in patients operated for bilateral hernias. With data from the Danish Hernia Database, we identified all patients operated for primary groin hernias from 1998 to 2012. Within this cohort all patients that were bilaterally operated were analyzed. Risk factors for bilateral groin hernia operation as well as the relationship between groin hernia subtypes bilaterally, were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis and Kappa statistics. A total of 108, 775 persons with primary groin hernia repair (89.9% males) were registered, and of those were 12,041 persons operated bilaterally (94.9% males). Females and males operated for a unilaterally direct inguinal hernia (DIH) had increased Hazard Ratios (HR) of 3.85 (CI 95% 2.14-6.19) and 4.46 (CI 95% 2.57-7.88) of being contralaterally operated for a DIH. Females and males operated for a unilaterally indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) had HRs of 6.93 (CI 95% 3.66-13.11) and 1.89 (CI95% 1.24-2.88) for being contralaterally operated for an IIH. The same tendency was seen for femoral hernias. All hernia subtypes were bilaterally associated in both genders and the hernia subtypes could be localized manifestations of generalized conditions or inheritable traits instead of localized defects.

  18. Left Amyand’s hernia: An unexpected finding during inguinal hernia surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Maksoud, Ahmed M.; Ahmed, Ahmed Salah

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Amyand’s hernia is a rare finding of the appendix inside an inguinal hernia sac with classically estimated incidence of 1%. Most cases are found intra-operatively during right-sided inguinal hernia repair. Presentation of case We are reporting a very rare case of left-sided Amyand’s hernia. An 81 year-old man with long standing left inguinal hernia was referred to our surgical assessment unit with tender irreducible left inguinal hernia. He was vitally stable with no clinical signs of intestinal obstruction. A diagnosis of irreducible left inguinal hernia without obstruction was made. Exploration of the hernia sac revealed the presence of non-inflamed appendix, caecum and terminal ileum. The contents were reduced and a mesh repair was performed with satisfactorily outcome. Discussion The surgical management of Amyand’s hernia involves appendectomy of inflamed appendix through the inguinal incision together with hernia repair. Prophylactic appendectomy is not recommended by most authors except in young patients. Conclusion There are less than 20 cases reported in the literature describing left-sided Amyand’s hernia. Awareness of such very unusual condition may help surgeons to be prepared for appropriate management of a very usual procedure as inguinal hernia repair. PMID:26196311

  19. A case of de Garengeot hernia: the feasibility of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saud Al-Subaie

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: We were able to obtain an accurate diagnosis of an appendix within a long-standing irreducible femoral hernia through diagnostic laparoscopy followed by transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP approach for hernia repair. We would like to underline the usefulness of laparoscopy as a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of this unusual presentation of groin hernias.

  20. Unsuspected femoral hernia in patients with a preoperative diagnosis of recurrent inguinal hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, N A; Thorup, J; Jorgensen, L N

    2012-01-01

    Small femoral hernias may be difficult to diagnose by physical examination and are sometimes identified unexpectedly by laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of unsuspected femoral hernia discovered during laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in two well-defined patient...

  1. Full-term pregnancy in umbilical hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Punguyire

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available While umbilical hernias frequently occur during pregnancy, the few reported cases of uterine or fibroid incarceration in ventral hernias during pregnancy all involved incisional abdominal wall defects from prior laparotomies and Cesarean sections; none involved umbilical hernias. We discuss the case of a 42-year-old well-developed, well-nourished grand multiparous woman (G8P7 with a huge umbilical hernia containing a 38-week gravid uterus, as well as her management and the avoidance of known complications that have occurred in similar incisional hernia cases. Successful pregnancy outcomes can occur in cases of pregnancies in ventral hernias, even in resource-poor settings that have Cesarean section capabilities

  2. Surgical approach for recurrent inguinal hernias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Öberg, S; Andresen, K; Rosenberg, J

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Guidelines recommend that the reoperation of a recurrent inguinal hernia should be by the opposite approach (anterior–posterior) than the primary repair. However, the level of evidence supporting the guidelines is partially low. The purpose of this study was to compare re-reoperation rates...... between repairs performed according to the guidelines with the ones performed against it. Methods: This cohort study was based on the Danish Hernia Database, including 4344 patients with two inguinal hernia repairs in the same groin. Four groups were compared as follows: Lichtenstein–Lichtenstein vs......-reoperation for Lichtenstein–Lichtenstein was only seen if the primary hernia was medial. Conclusions: A primary Lichtenstein repair of a primary medial hernia should be reoperated with a laparoscopic repair. A primary Lichtenstein repair of a primary lateral hernia can be reoperated with either a Lichtenstein...

  3. [Idiopathic Lumbar Hernia: A Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsujino, Takuya; Inamoto, Teruo; Matsunaga, Tomohisa; Uchimoto, Taizo; Saito, Kenkichi; Takai, Tomoaki; Minami, Koichiro; Takahara, Kiyoshi; Nomi, Hayahito; Azuma, Haruhito

    2015-11-01

    A 68-year-old woman, complained of an indolent lump about 60 × 70 mm in size in the left lower back. We conducted a computed tomography scan, which exhibited a hernia of Gerota'sfascia-commonly called superior lumbar hernia. In the right lateral position, the hernia contents were observed to attenuate, hence only closure of the hernial orifice was conducted by using Kugel patch, without removal of the hernia sack. Six months after the surgery, she has had no relapse of the hernia. Superior lumbar hernia, which occurs in an anatomically brittle region in the lower back, is a rare and potentially serious disease. The urologic surgeon should bear in mind this rarely seen entity.

  4. Incarcerated Femoral Hernia Containing Ipsilateral Fallopian Tube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanos Atmatzidis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Femoral hernias are more common in women and lead to a substantial higher rate for an emergency operation, due to strangulation. Incarcerated femoral hernia with fallopian tube as a content is an extremely rare condition. A 20-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of a 6-day right groin swelling, which became painful and tender to palpation during the last 48 hours. Preoperative ultrasonography detected an oedematous hernia sac, above the femoral vessels, suggesting the presence of an incarcerated femoral hernia. The patient eventually underwent emergency surgery and the diagnosis of a strangulated femoral hernia sac, containing fallopian tube, was established. No resection of the uterine tube was performed and the hernia was repaired with polypropylene plug. The postoperative period was uneventful and the woman was discharged on the second postoperative day.

  5. Incarcerated Diaphragmatic Hernia – Differential Diagnoses

    OpenAIRE

    Bukvić, Nado; Bosak Veršić, Ana; Bačić, Giordano; Gusić, Nadomir; Nikolić, Harry; Bukvić, Frane

    2014-01-01

    The incarceration of diaphragmatic hernia is very rare. We present a case of a four-year old girl who developed the incarceration of left-sided diaphragmatic hernia, who, until then, was completely asymptomatic. This incarceration of the hernia represented a surgical emergency presenting as obstructive ileus and a severe respiratory distress which developed from what appeared to be full health. During a brief pre-operative examination a number of differential diagnoses were sugges...

  6. Case report and review of lumbar hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walgamage, Thilan B; Ramesh, B S; Alsawafi, Yaqoob

    2015-01-01

    Lumbar hernias are uncommon and about 300 cases have been reported till date. They commonly occur due to trauma, surgery and infection. They are increasingly being reported after motor vehicle collision injuries. However, spontaneous lumbar hernias are rare and are reported infrequently. It is treated with different surgical approaches and methods. We report a case of primary spontaneous lumbar hernia which was repaired by transperitonial laparoscopic approach using Vypro (polypropylene/polyglactin) mesh and covered with a peritoneal flap.

  7. [Inguinofemoral hernia: multicenter study of surgical techniques].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porrero, José L; Sánchez-Cabezudo, Carlos; Bonachía, Oscar; López-Buenadicha, Adolfo; Sanjuánbenito, Alfonso; Hidalgo, Manuel

    2005-07-01

    The present study was performed by the Spanish Association of surgeons through its abdominal wall and sutures section. The aim was to determine the current situation of inguinofemoral hernias in Spain and was based on an anonymous multicenter study with the participation of various national hospitals. Fifty general surgery departments in distinct surgical centers throughout Spain responded to an anonymous survey in 2000. The survey gathered data on anesthetic features, surgical techniques and complications in the treatment of inguinofemoral hernias. Sixty-six percent of hospital centers had a specific abdominal wall unit and 24% performed laparoscopic hernia surgery. Prosthetic techniques (especially Lichtenstein) were the most frequently used in the treatment of primary inguinal hernia (72%) and recurrent hernia (100%). The most frequently used prosthetic material was polypropylene mesh (76%). Only 28% of the departments surveyed performed anatomic techniques in the repair of primary inguinal hernia (Shouldice and Bassini). The most frequent treatment for femoral hernia was the Lichtenstein "plug" (78%). Sixty-eight percent of the centers surveyed performed regional anesthesia, 18% used general anesthesia and only 14% used local anesthesia with sedation. Severe complications were found in 20% of departments. Clinical postoperative follow-up was performed in 96% of the centers and telephone follow-up was used in 4%. The recurrence rate was 1.2% for primary inguinal hernia, 2.7% for recurrent inguinal hernia and 0.3% for femoral hernia. In Spain the most commonly used surgical technique in the treatment of inguinal hernia is Lichtenstein hernioplasty under spinal anesthesia and with polypropylene prosthesis. The Lichtenstein plug is the most commonly used technique in the treatment of femoral hernia.

  8. CHRONIC PAIN AFTER INGUINAL HERNIA REPAIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh

    2014-09-01

    but also increased chances of development of chronic pain.(p=0.001. Post-operative pain at one two and seven days significantly affected development of chronic pain (p=0.000. On multivariate analysis it was found that development of chronic pain following hernia surgery was dependent upon factors like preoperative pain, type of anesthesia, nerve injury, post-operative local infiltration, and post-operative complication and most importantly the early post-operative pain. CONCLUSIONS: The present study we found that chronic pain following inguinal hernia repair causes significant morbidity to patients and should not be ignored. Young people with preoperative pain of long duration were more prone to development of chronic pain. Preemptive analgesia and operation under local anesthesia significantly affect pain. Intraoperative identification and preservation of all inguinal nerves is very important. All measures must be taken to suppress early post-operative pain and prevent complications as these lead to development of chronic pain. Early diagnosis and management of chronic pain can remove suffering of the patient.

  9. Laparoscopic repair of postoperative perineal hernia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ryan, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Perineal hernias are infrequent complications following abdominoperineal operations. Various approaches have been described for repair of perineal hernias including open transabdominal, transperineal or combined abdominoperineal repairs. The use of laparoscopic transabdominal repair of perineal hernias is not well-described. We present a case report demonstrating the benefits of laparoscopic repair of perineal hernia following previous laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) using a nonabsorbable mesh to repair the defect. We have demonstrated that the use of laparoscopy with repair of the pelvic floor defect using a non absorbable synthetic mesh offers an excellent alternative with many potential advantages over open transabdominal and transperineal repairs.

  10. Colon Perforations Causing Morgagni Hernia Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Ugur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Herniation of the intraabdominal organs through a diaphragmatic defect that occurs due to the joining anomaly of the sternal and costal segments of diaphragm is known as Morgagni Hernia. Although most of the patients with Morgagni Hernia are asymptomatic, intestinal obstruction, incarceration and strangulation can rarely occur. An 83 years old female patient admitted with acute abdomen to our clinic. Morgagni hernia was detected with preoperative thoracic and abdominal computed tomography. We aimed to present our management in Morgagni Hernia in this study.

  11. Femoral hernia sac laparoscopy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez Valderrama, Alexander; Ruiz, Dan; Malik, Manmeet; Tiszenkel, Howard

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 64-year-old female with an incarcerated right femoral hernia, associated with a small bowel obstruction that was successfully treated with an open femoral hernia repair with plug. At the same time we performed a hernia sac laparoscopy to evaluate the viability of the previously reduced small bowel. The hernioscopy was performed with a 0° 5 mm scope with reliable evaluation of the peritoneal cavity. We confirm that hernioscopy is a safe and feasible procedure and provides useful information for the appropriate management of acute incarcerated femoral/inguinal hernias.

  12. A comparison of outcomes and cost in VHWG grade II hernias between Rives-Stoppa synthetic mesh hernia repair versus underlay biologic mesh repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, J P; Basta, M N; Mirzabeigi, M N; Kovach, S J

    2014-01-01

    The current literature is void of evidence-based guidelines regarding optimal choice of mesh. We aim to perform a comparative outcome analysis of synthetic mesh and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) in Ventral Hernia Working Grade (VHWG) grade II hernias with primary fascial closure. A retrospective review of patients undergoing ventral hernia repair (VHR) by the senior author (S.J.K.) from 2007 to 2012 was performed. Patients undergoing VHR with primary fascial closure were risk stratified using the VHWG defined grading system. Seventy-two patients met the abovementioned inclusion criteria with 45 receiving synthetic mesh and 27 receiving ADM. The mean length of follow-up was 12.1 ± 9.1 months. Patients were, on average, 53.2 ± 11.6 years of age with a BMI of 33.9 ± 10.6 kg/m(2). The overall incidence of surgical site occurrence (SSO) in the cohort was 41.7 % and the incidence of hernia recurrence was 5.6 %. 30-day mortality was 1.2 %. Bivariate analysis demonstrated that obesity (P = 0.038) and number of comorbidities (P = 0.043) were associated with SSO. Bivariate analysis demonstrated that prior failed hernia, use of ADM, and operative time were associated with higher rates of hernia recurrence; however, adjusted multivariate regression found only prior failed hernia (OR = 4.1, P = 0.03) and biologic mesh (OR = 3.4, P = 0.046) to be independently associated with recurrent hernia. Comparison of mesh types revealed few differences in preoperative or operative characteristics between synthetic mesh and acellular dermal matrices (ADM). The rate of hernia recurrence was significantly higher with ADM (14.8 % vs. 0.0 %, P = 0.017). Patients receiving ADM repairs incurred significantly greater cost ($56,142.1 ± 54,775.5 vs. $30,599.8 ± 39,000.8, P hernia recurrences and lower cost utilization at 1-year. Prognostic/risk category, level III.

  13. Asymptomatic congenital intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia and epigastric hernia in the adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Greca, Gaetano; Sofia, Maria; Randazzo, Valentina; Barbagallo, Francesco; Lombardo, Rosario; Soma, Pierfranco; Russello, Domenico

    2007-08-01

    The congenital intrapericardial hernia is a rare kind of diaphragmatic hernia. It is due to an embryologic defect of the central tendon of the diaphragm, often accompanied by other congenital malformations. This work presents a unique case report in the literature of the congenital association between intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia and epigastric hernia in an adult woman. In spite of herniation of the colon and omentum the patient was completely asymptomatic, requesting surgery for an epigastric hernia for aesthetic reasons. The defect of the diaphragm was sutured and the abdominal wall was repaired with a prosthetic mesh.

  14. Management of Patients with Hernia or Incisional Hernia Undergoing Surgery for Morbid Obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Vilallonga

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Morbidly obese patients (MOPs are predisposed to developing abdominal wall hernias with the potential complication of small bowel obstruction and other morbidity. We report our experience in treating morbidly obese patients. Hernia prophylaxis has been attempted as a means of decreasing the incisional hernia risk associated with weight loss surgery. The controversy regarding the optimal time and method of repair of abdominal wall hernias in patients undergoing open or laparoscopic gastric bypass is discussed with emphasis placed on either a simultaneous repair or splits of the omentum, and of leaving a plug in the hernia defect, to allow time to perform a delayed repair.

  15. Three-dimensional evaluation of lumbar disc hernia and prediction of absorption by enhanced MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawaji, Youichi; Uchiyama, Seiji [Niigata Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Yagi, Eiichi

    2001-07-01

    Both the spontaneous shrinkage and the disappearance of disc hernia have been confirmed through the use of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There is, however, no practical method to predict the likely absorption of the herniated mass. The objective of this study was to predict the spontaneous absorption of disc hernia by MRI, and to select the optimum treatment. The study involved 65 patients with lumbar disc hernias. Conservative treatment was carried out in 21 patients, while 44 patients underwent herniotomy. In the nonoperated patients, an MRI was taken both during the painful period, and shortly after pain remission. Hernial shrinkage was evaluated according to the decrease in the calculated volume, in addition to the decrease in hernial area, calculated by MRI. In the operated group, preoperative MRI enhancement, type of hernia, and invasion of granulation tissue in the histological specimens were studied. In the 21 nonoperated patients, the volume (mean {+-}SD) was 0.488{+-}208 cm{sup 3} (range, 0.197-0.931 cm{sup 3}) in the painful period and 0.214{+-}0.181 cm{sup 3} (range, 0.0-0.744 cm{sup 3}) in the remission period. This decrease in volume was statistically significant. There was also a greater decrease in hernias exhibiting positive enhancement by MRI. In the operated patients, hernias that penetrated the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) had high rates of preoperative enhancement, and these hernias showed invasion of granulation tissue with marked neovascularization. Positive enhancement by MRI confirms an ongoing absorption process. Enhanced MRI can be a good method for the prediction of spontaneous absorption of lumbar disc hernias. (author)

  16. Strangulation and Necrosis of an Epiploic Appendage of the Sigmoid Colon in a Right Inguinal Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuri N. Shiryajev

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available An epiploic appendage of the sigmoid colon is considered to be an unusual type of inguinal hernia content. The strangulation of a sigmoid colon appendage into a right inguinal hernia is exclusively rare. We present a case of an 81-year-old female patient with severe cardiovascular comorbidities who was urgently admitted after an episode of strangulation and subsequent spontaneous reduction of a right inguinal hernia. The condition of the patient was stable, and an urgent operation was not indicated for three days after admission. However, we had to operate because the hernia strangulation recurred. In the hernia sac, a free fatty body (a separated and saponified epiploic appendage of the colon and a strangulated epiploic appendage of dolichosigmoid, with signs of necrosis, were found. Removal of the free fatty body and necrotic epiploic appendage and subsequent anterior-wall inguinal hernioplasty were successfully performed. In the world literature, this case may be the first report of a sigmoid epiploic appendage strangulation in a right inguinal hernia that is well documented by photography.

  17. Grynfelt-Lesshaft hernia a case report and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploneda-Valencia, C.F.; Cordero-Estrada, E.; Castañeda-González, L.G.; Sainz-Escarrega, V.H.; Varela-Muñoz, O.; De la Cerda-Trujillo, L.F.; Bautista-López, C.A.; López-Lizarraga, C.R.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Lumbar hernia account for less than 2% of al abdominal hernias, been the Grynfelt-Lesshaft's hernia (GLH) more frequent than the others. With approximately 300 cases published in the literature, the general surgeon may have the chance of treat it ones in their professional life. Case report A 42-years old male with human immunodeficiency virus and Diabetes Mellitus presented to the outpatient clinic with a GLH. Preoperative classified as a type “A” lumbar hernia an open approach was scheduled. We performed a Sandwich technique with a sublay and onlay ULTRAPRO® mesh fixed with PDS® II suture without complications and discharged the patient 24-h after. After six months, the patient denied any complication. Discussion Primary (spontaneous) lumbar hernias represent 50–60% of all GLH. The preoperative classification of a lumbar hernia is mandatory to propose the best surgical approach. According to the classification of Moreno-Egea A et al., the best technique for our patient was an open approach. The Sandwich technique has demonstrated good outcomes in the management of the GLH. Conclusion The surgical approach should be according to the classification proposed and to the experience of the surgeon. The Sandwich technique has good outcomes. PMID:27144007

  18. Appendiceal pus in a hernia sac simulating strangulated femoral hernia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Tien-Fa; Chou, Yenn-Hwei

    2011-03-23

    Acute appendicitis involving the hernia sac is infrequent but well-documented in medical literature. In most instances, it occurs within the right inguinal (Amyand's hernia) or right femoral hernia (de Garengeot hernia). The diagnosis is always mistaken for incarcerated groin hernia. During surgery, the appendix itself, either perforated or strangulated, is most commonly encountered within the hernia sac. In very rare occasions, only appendiceal pus is found in the hernia sac. In this paper, we report the case of a 90-year-old woman with acute appendicitis and a tender mass in the right groin. Typical findings of acute appendicitis by computed tomography (CT) and incarcerated femoral hernia with groin cellulitis misled us into preoperative diagnosis of strangulated femoral hernia. Acute phlegmonous inflammation of the incarcerated femoral hernia sac containing pus only and acute suppurative appendicitis were found intraoperatively. This case presents a rare complication of acute appendicitis and the first report of CT-documented appendiceal pus-contained femoral hernia. Knowledge of this rare condition is helpful in establishing preoperative diagnosis and patient management decisions.

  19. Danish Hernia Database recommendations for the management of inguinal and femoral hernia in adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenberg, Jacob; Bisgaard, Thue; Kehlet, Henrik;

    2011-01-01

    The nationwide Danish Hernia Database, recording more than 10,000 inguinal and 400 femoral hernia repairs annually, provides a unique opportunity to present valid recommendations in the management of Danish patients with groin hernia. The cumulated data have been discussed at biannual meetings...... and guidelines have been approved by the Danish Surgical Society. Diagnosis of groin hernia is based on clinical examination. Ultrasonography, CT or MRI are rarely needed, while herniography is not recommended. In patients with indicative symptoms of hernia, but no detectable hernia, diagnostic laparoscopy may...... be an option. Once diagnosed, hernia repair is recommended in the presence of symptoms affecting daily life. In male patients with minimal or absent symptoms watchful waiting is recommended. In females, however, repair is recommended also in asymptomatic patients. In male patients with primary unilateral...

  20. Tension-free procedures in the treatment of groin hernias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milić Dragan J.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Hernia repair is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in the United States, with 700,000 operations performed each year. Improvements in surgical technique, together with the development of new prosthetic materials and a better understanding of how to use them, have significantly improved outcomes for many patients. These improvements have occurred most notably in centers specializing in hernia surgery, with some institutions reporting failure rates of less than 1%. In contrast, failure rates for general surgeons, who perform most hernia repairs, remain significantly higher. This has important socioeconomic implications, adding an estimated $28 billion or more to the cost of treating the condition, based on calculations utilizing conservative estimates of failure rates and the average cost of a hernia repair. Success of groin hernia repair is measured primarily by the permanence of the operation, fewest complications, minimal costs, and earliest return to normal activities. This success depends largely on the surgeon's understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the surgical area as well as a knowledge of how to use most effectively the currently available techniques and materials. The most important advance in hernia surgery has been the development of tension-free repairs. In 1958, Usher described a hernia repair using Marlex mesh. The benefit of that repair he described as being "tension-eliminating", or what we now call "tension-free". Usher opened the posterior wall and sutured a swatch of Marlex mesh to the undersurface of the medial margin of the defect and to the shelving edge of the inguinal ligament. He created tails from the mesh that encircled the spermatic cord and secured them to the inguinal ligament. Every type of tension-free repair requires a mesh, whether it is done through an open anterior, open posterior, or laparoscopic route. The most common prosthetic open repairs done today are the Lichtenstein onlay

  1. Umbilical and epigastric hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muschaweck, Ulrike

    2003-10-01

    The repair of umbilical and epigastric hernias still represents a challenge to surgeons. Although a common and relatively simple procedure, there is no exact protocol today on how the repair should be done. The Mayo technique and its alterations could not stand the test of time: a recurrence rate of 20% and higher is not acceptable for any surgical procedure. Although there is no consensus opinion, one thing is clear: the importance of an anatomic repair without tension and without an artificial enlargement of the defect. In 1987 Lichtenstein reported on 6321 cases of herniorraphy with a tension free repair, and in 1994 Stuart reemphasized that special importance in his editorial in the Lancet. A newer study from Brancato and coworkers in Italy also states the advantage of a tension-free prosthetic repair in 16 patients with epigastric hernia. We have gone even further and recommend a tailored-to-the-patient repair using a customized polypropylene mesh and a one-layer running suture. The advantages should be obvious: no artificial creation of an even bigger than original defect, a completely tension-free repair, and little to no recurrence of the hernia. Our results clearly prove that assumption. Moreover, the procedure is extremely safe and complications are very rare and minor. We conclude that using a mesh plug in a customized tension-free repair of umbilical and epigastric hernia shows many advantages over the commonly used methods. And we finally conclude with the words of Albert Einstein: "The only source of knowledge is experience."

  2. Sports Hernia/Athletic Pubalgia

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    Context: Sports hernia/athletic pubalgia has received increasing attention as a source of disability and time lost from athletics. Studies are limited, however, lacking consistent objective criteria for making the diagnosis and assessing outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: PubMed database through January 2013 and hand searches of the reference lists of pertinent articles. Study Design: Review article. Level of Evidence: Level 5. Results: Nonsurgical outcomes have not been well reported. Various s...

  3. Pros and cons of tacking in laparoscopic hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynvoet, Emmelie; Berrevoet, Frederik

    2014-11-01

    Present available fixation devices in laparoscopic hernia repair include transfascial sutures, (permanent or absorbable) tacks, and fibrin or synthetic sealants, all of which have advantages and disadvantages. Tack fixation has been applied since the introduction of laparoscopic inguinal and ventral hernia repair during the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, respectively. However, although this type of penetrating fixation offers a reliable method to keep the mesh in place, several negative aspects have been highlighted in recent years. Permanent metallic fixation devices such as helical titanium tacks (Protack™ ) provide greater fixation strength than absorbable fixation devices (AbsorbaTack™, Permasorb™, or SorbaFix™), but as the titanium tacks remain in the body permanently, they have been associated with serious adverse events. Dense adhesion formation and erosion of tacks in hollow viscera have been reported as well as the formation of so-called "tack hernias." However, the most clinically important negative aspect might be the increased acute and chronic postoperative pain. As pain and quality of life, rather than recurrence rate, gained the attention of clinicians, researchers, and patients, recent developments have been focusing on different types of absorbable materials. However, studies that investigated these issues comparing different tack materials for mesh fixation did not show any benefit from any type of fixation. Despite the postoperative short- and long-term sequellae, tack fixation is still the most widely applied technique for laparoscopic mesh fixation.

  4. Prediction of contralateral inguinal hernias in children: a prospective study of 357 unilateral inguinal hernias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshino, M; Sugito, K; Kawashima, H; Goto, S; Kaneda, H; Furuya, T; Hosoda, T; Masuko, T; Ohashi, K; Inoue, M; Ikeda, T; Tomita, R; Koshinaga, T

    2014-06-01

    Previously, we established a pre-operative risk scoring system to predict contralateral inguinal hernia in children with unilateral inguinal hernias. The current study aimed to verify the usefulness of our pre-operative scoring system. This was a prospective study of patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair from 2006 to 2009 at a single institution. Gender, age at initial operation, birth weight, initial operation side, and the pre-operative risk score were recorded. We analyzed the incidence of contralateral inguinal hernia, risk factors, and the usefulness of our pre-operative risk scoring system. The follow-up period was 36 months. We used forward multiple logistic regression analysis to predict contralateral hernia. Of the 372 patients who underwent unilateral hernia repair, 357 (96.0 %) were completely followed-up for 36 months, and 23 patients (6.4 %) developed a contralateral hernia. Left-sided hernia (OR = 5.5, 95 %, CI = 1.3-24.3, p = 0.023) was associated with an increased risk of contralateral hernia. The following covariates were not associated with contralateral hernia development: gender (p = 0.702), age (p = 0.215), and birth weight (p = 0.301). The pre-operative risk score (cut-off point = 4.5) of the patients with a contralateral hernia was significantly higher, compared with the patients without a contralateral hernia using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (p = 0.024). Using multivariate analysis, we confirmed usefulness of our pre-operative scoring system and initial side of the inguinal hernia, together, for the prediction of contralateral inguinal hernia in children.

  5. [The trocar hernia after laparoscopic operative interventions. classification, treatment, prophylaxis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nychytaĭlo, M Iu; Bulyk, I I; Zahriĭchuk, M S; Korytko, I P; Homan, A V

    2014-11-01

    Own experience of treatment of patients, suffering trocar hernias, occurred after laparoscopic operative interventions, was analyzed. Classification of trocar hernias was proposed, the main factors of risk and prognostic criteria of a trocar hernias formation were analyzed. The main methods of the trocar hernias correction are adduced.

  6. [Incarcerated Spigelian hernia: a rare cause of ileus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ozdemir-van Brunschot, D.; Buyne, O.R.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: First described in 1764, the hernia of the semilunar line is called a Spigelian hernia. Spigelian hernias are rare: comprising only 1-2% of all abdominal hernias. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old man presented at the emergency department complaining of not having defaecated and swelling o

  7. Bochdalek hernia and repetitive pancreatitis in a 33 year old woman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angel, Medina Andrade Luis; David, Coot Polanco Reyes; Laura, Medina Andrade; Abraham, Medina Andrade; Stephanie, Serrano Collazos; Grecia, Ortiz Ramirez

    2014-01-01

    Bochdalek hernia presentation in adulthood is rare. The presentation in newborns is the most common, manifesting with data from respiratory failure secondary to pulmonary hypoplasia, requiring urgent surgical intervention with high morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a 33 year old woman admitted in the emergency room with severe abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant and disnea. After physical examination and laboratory test we diagnose mild acute pancreatitis. The patient haven't colelitiasis by ulstrasound or any risk factor for pancreatitis. Initially she received medical treatment and was discharged after one week. After four weeks she presented the same symptoms in two different occasions, with severe and mild pancreatitis respectively. A computed tomography report a left posterolateral diafragmatic hernia. In spite of the rare association of pancreatitis and Bochdalek hernia, we realized it as the etiology until the second event and planned his surgery. We made a posterolateral torachotomy and diafragmatic plasty with a politetrafluoroetileno mesh and after a 6 months follow up she has coursed asymptomatic. The high rate of complications in this type of hernia requires us to perform surgical treatment as the hernia is detected. In this case it is prudent medical treatment prior to surgical correction despite this being the origin of the pancreatitis, because the systemic inflammatory response added by the surgical act could result in a higher rate of complications if not performed at the appropriate time. There is no precise rule to determine the type of approach of choice in this type of hernia which thoracotomy or laparotomy may be used. Bochdalek hernia is a rare find in adults who require treatment immediately after diagnosis because of the high risk of complications. When presented with data from pancreatitis is recommended to complete the medical treatment of pancreatitis before surgery to obtain the best results, unless it exist another

  8. Laparoscopic Ventral and Incisional Hernia Repair

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenaar, E.B.

    2009-01-01

    Ventral and incisional hernia repair is one of the most frequently performed operations in daily surgical practice. Laparoscopic ventral and incisional hernia repair (LVIHR) is gaining increasing adoption in surgical practice. It has theoretical advantages but improvements in technique can still be

  9. Connective tissue alteration in abdominal wall hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, N A; Yadete, D H; Sørensen, Lars Tue

    2011-01-01

    The aetiology and pathogenesis of abdominal wall hernia formation is complex. Optimal treatment of hernias depends on a full understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in their formation. The aim of this study was to review the literature on specific collagen alterations in abdom...

  10. Strangulated umbilical hernia in a child.

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    We describe a case of strangulated umbilical hernia in a girl aged 5 years. She presented with an acute inflammatory lesion at the umbilicus which was initially thought to be due to cellulitis with possible abscess formation. Exploration revealed an umbilical hernia containing necrotic greater omentum.

  11. Ureteral sciatic hernia: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, So Young; Han, Hyun Young; Park, Suk Jin; Choe, Hyoung Shim; Kim, Eun Tak [Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    A ureteral hernia that occurs through the sciatic foramen is very rare. We present a case of a ureteral sciatic hernia with hydronephrosis. Intravenous urography (IVU) showed the presence of a curved, laterally displaced ureter, and computed tomography (CT) clearly depicted the herniated ureter through the sciatic foramen. The patient was treated transiently with a double J catheter.

  12. Incisional hernia: new approaches and aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. den Hartog (Dennis)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis is about the anatomy, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of incisional hernia. New approaches and aspects are discussed in the following chapters. The following definitions were derived from Butterworth’s medical dictionary 1. A hernia is the protrusion of an internal organ

  13. [Trocar hernia: causes, treatment, methods of prevention].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivan'ko, A V

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the results of the study 41 patients with trocar hernias after various laparoscopic operations. It is established that the main reason is the expansion of trocar hernia injury when removing the drug without further suturing of the aponeurosis. Proposed closure of the aponeurosis, while the length of the wound more than 2 cm - alloplastica.

  14. Incisional hernia: new approaches and aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. den Hartog (Dennis)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis is about the anatomy, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of incisional hernia. New approaches and aspects are discussed in the following chapters. The following definitions were derived from Butterworth’s medical dictionary 1. A hernia is the protrusion of an internal organ th

  15. Inguinal Hernia Management: Focus on Pain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Wijsmuller

    2010-01-01

    textabstractIn the Netherlands approximately 31,000 inguinal hernias are corrected yearly, making it one of the most frequently performed operations in surgery. The majority of inguinal hernia repairs is conducted in male patients older than 50 years. Since recurrence rates have been reduced to a fe

  16. New Clinical Concepts in Inguinal Hernia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.N. Veen, van (Ruben Nico)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractHernia surgery is one of the earliest forms of surgery and currently the most frequently performed operation in general surgery. Relatively modest improvements of clinical outcomes or savings of resource use in inguinal hernia repair would already have a signifi cant medical and economic

  17. [Neonatal occlusion due to a lumbar hernia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunald, F A; Ravololoniaina, T; Rajaonarivony, M F V; Rakotovao, M; Andriamanarivo, M L; Rakoto-Ratsimba, H

    2011-10-01

    A Petit lumbar hernia is an uncommon hernia. Congenital forms are seen in children. Incarceration may occur as an unreducible lumbar mass, associated with bilious vomiting and abdominal distention. Abdominal X-ray shows sided-wall bowel gas. In this case, reduction and primary closure must be performed as emergency repair.

  18. Periappendicular Abscess Presenting within an Inguinal Hernia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman Loberant

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of the appendix within an inguinal hernia is a rare finding. We present the case of an elderly woman who developed appendicitis within an inguinal hernia, complicated by a supervening periappendicular abscess. She was successfully treated with a combination of antibiotics and percutaneous drainage.

  19. Periappendicular Abscess Presenting within an Inguinal Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loberant, Norman; Bickel, Amitai

    2015-01-01

    The presence of the appendix within an inguinal hernia is a rare finding. We present the case of an elderly woman who developed appendicitis within an inguinal hernia, complicated by a supervening periappendicular abscess. She was successfully treated with a combination of antibiotics and percutaneous drainage. PMID:26605128

  20. Incisional hernia: new approaches and aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. den Hartog (Dennis)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis is about the anatomy, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of incisional hernia. New approaches and aspects are discussed in the following chapters. The following definitions were derived from Butterworth’s medical dictionary 1. A hernia is the protrusion of an internal organ th