WorldWideScience

Sample records for heinloo kauri maide

  1. Kauri seeds and larval somersaults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Steen Thorleif

    2012-01-01

    The trunk morphology of the larvae of the kauri pine (Agathis) seed infesting moth Agathiphaga is described using conventional, polarization, and scanning electron microscopy. The pine seed chamber formed by the larva is also described and commented on. The simple larval chaetotaxy includes more...... of the minute posture sensing setae, proprioceptors, than expected from the lepidopteran larval ground plan. The excess of proprioceptors is suggested to be necessary for sensory input concerning the larval posture within the seed chamber. The trunk musculature includes an autapomorphic radial ventral...... musculature made up of unique multisegmental muscles. The combined presence of additional proprioceptors and the unique ventral musculature is proposed to be related to the larval movement within the confined space of the seed chamber, especially to a proposed somersault movement that allows the larva...

  2. The scientific value and potential of New Zealand swamp kauri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorrey, Andrew M.; Boswijk, Gretel; Hogg, Alan; Palmer, Jonathan G.; Turney, Christian S. M.; Fowler, Anthony M.; Ogden, John; Woolley, John-Mark

    2018-03-01

    New Zealand swamp kauri (Agathis australis) are relic trees that have been buried and preserved in anoxic bog environments of northern New Zealand for centuries through to hundreds of millennia. Kauri are massive in proportion to other native New Zealand trees and they can attain ages greater than 1000 years. The export market for swamp (subfossil) kauri has recently been driven by demand for a high-value workable timber, but there are concerns about the sustainability of the remaining resource, a situation exacerbated in recent years by the rapid extraction of wood. Economic exploitation of swamp kauri presents several unique opportunities for Quaternary science, however the scientific value of this wood is not well understood by the wider research community and public. Here, we summarise the history of scientific research on swamp kauri, and explore the considerable potential of this unique resource. Swamp kauri tree-ring chronologies are temporally unique, and secondary analyses (such as radiocarbon and isotopic analyses) have value for improving our understanding of Earth's recent geologic history and pre-instrumental climate history. Swamp kauri deposits that span the last interglacial-glacial cycle show potential to yield "ultra-long" multi-millennia tree-ring chronologies, and composite records spanning large parts of MIS3 (and most of the Holocene) may be possible. High-precision radiocarbon dating of swamp kauri chronologies can improve the resolution of the global radiocarbon calibration curve, while testing age modelling and chronologic alignment of other independent long-term high-resolution proxy records. Swamp kauri also has the potential to facilitate absolute dating and verification of cosmogenic events found in long Northern Hemisphere tree-ring chronologies. Future efforts to conserve these identified values requires scientists to work closely with swamp kauri industry operators, resource consent authorities, and export regulators to mitigate

  3. Soil chemical properties under kauri (Agathis australis) in The Waitakere Ranges, New Zealand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongkind, A.G.; Velthorst, E.J.; Buurman, P.

    2007-01-01

    Kauri is known to cause low soil pH and loss of Al from the Al-hydroxy-interlayers from interlayered vermiculite. Kauri is also associated with intense podzolisation and therefore we studied the Al and Fe phases in soil under kauri and under adjacent broadleaf/treefern vegetation for comparison.

  4. Maid (GCIP) is involved in cell cycle control of hepatocytes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonnenberg-Riethmacher, Eva; Wüstefeld, Torsten; Miehe, Michaela

    2007-01-01

    The function of Maid (GCIP), a cyclinD-binding helix-loop-helix protein, was analyzed by targeted disruption in mice. We show that Maid function is not required for normal embryonic development. However, older Maid-deficient mice-in contrast to wild-type controls--develop hepatocellular carcinomas....... Therefore, we studied the role of Maid during cell cycle progression after partial hepatectomy (PH). Lack of Maid expression after PH was associated with a delay in G1/S-phase progression as evidenced by delayed cyclinA expression and DNA replication in Maid-deficient mice. However, at later time points...

  5. Decadally resolved Lateglacial radiocarbon evidence from New Zealand kauri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogg, Alan; Southon, John; Turney, Chris; Palmer, Jonathan; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Fenwick, Pavla; Boswijk, Gretel; Büntgen, Ulf; Friedrich, Michael; Helle, Gerhard; Hughen, Konrad; Jones, Richard; Kromer, Bernd; Noronha, Alexandra; Reinig, Frederick; Reynard, Linda; Staff, Richard; Wacker, Lukas

    2017-04-01

    The Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition (LGIT; 15,000 - 11,000 cal BP) was characterised by complex spatiotemporal patterns of climate change, with numerous studies requiring accurate chronological control to decipher leads from lags in global palaeoclimatic, -environmental and archaeological records. However, close scrutiny of the few available tree-ring chronologies and radiocarbon-dated sequences composing the IntCal13 radiocarbon (14C) calibration curve, indicates significant weakness in 14C calibration across key periods of the LGIT. Here, we present a decadally-resolved atmospheric 14C record derived from New Zealand kauri spanning Greenland Stadial 1 (GS-1; 12,900 - 11,650 cal BP). Two floating kauri 14C time series, curve-matched to IntCal13, serve as a radiocarbon backbone through GS-1. Floating Northern Hemisphere (NH) 14C datasets are matched against the new kauri data, forming a robust NH 14C time series to 14,200 cal BP. Our results show that IntCal13 is questionable from 12,200 - 11,900 cal BP and the 10,400 BP 14C plateau is approximately five decades too short. By precisely aligning Southern and Northern Hemisphere tree-ring 14C records with marine 14C sequences, we document two relatively short periods of North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) collapse during GS-1. Hence, sustained North Atlantic cooling across GS-1 was not driven by a prolonged AMOC reduction but was probably due to an equatorward migration of the Polar Front.

  6. Low soil water and nutrient availability below New Zealand kauri ( Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl.) trees increase the relative fitness of kauri seedlings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkaik, E.; Berendse, F.; Gardner, R.O.

    2007-01-01

    Tree species can affect the soil they are growing on and this might influence their fitness. The New Zealand gymnosperm tree species kauri (Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl.) which grows in mixed angiosperm¿gymnosperm forests has a substantial effect upon the soil. We studied the hypotheses that:

  7. Evaluation of lumbar overload in hotel maids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, J S; Correa, L R C; Morrone, L C

    2012-01-01

    Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are responsible for important amount of declining productivity among workers. Its economic impact is considered important because, in some aspects, such as sickness absence, it can cause increase in costs for employers. This paper aimed at identifying whether the activities that the hotel maids perform during working hours may lead to the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Cross-sectional study conducted in a hotel in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Performed an ergonomic analysis of the job application with a checklist consisting of risk assessment of low back pain. The maids are responsible for the cleaning of hotel rooms, including to lean in order to clean the bathroom. The activity is associated with ergonomic risk for poor posture, manual transport of loads and use of physical force in the upper limbs. This job presents a moderate risk of low back pain according to checklist for assessing the ergonomic situation. Negative ergonomic aspects are associated with the development or aggravation of musculoskeletal disorders in these workers. We suggest modification in work organisation. Another possibility is decreased the weight of the carts, keeping areas of replacement material on each floor.

  8. Kauri trees (Agathis australis) affect nutrient, water and light availability for their seedlings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkaik, E.; Braakhekke, W.G.

    2007-01-01

    Plants can change the soil that they grow on, for example by producing litter. If litter characteristics are such that their effect on the soil increases a plant's fitness, a positive feedback can develop between the plant and the soil. Several studies indicate that New Zealand kauri trees (Agathis

  9. The effect of kauri (Agathis australis) on grain size distribution and clay mineralogy of andesitic soils in the Waitakere Ranges, New Zealand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongkind, A.G.; Buurman, P.

    2006-01-01

    Kauri (Agathis australis) is generally associated with intense podzolisation, but little research has been carried out to substantiate this. We studied soil profiles, grain size distribution patterns and clay mineralogy under kauri and broadleaf/tree fern vegetation in the Waitakere Ranges, North

  10. Short-term and long-term effects of tannins on nitrogen mineralisation and litter decomposition in kauri (Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl.) forests

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkaik, E.; Jongkind, A.G.; Berendse, F.

    2006-01-01

    Kauri (Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl.) occurs naturally in the warm temperate forest of northern New Zealand where it grows mixed with angiosperm tree species. Below mature kauri trees thick organic layers develop in which large amounts of nitrogen are accumulated. This nitrogen seems to be

  11. The heterogeneity of maid cafés: Exploring object-oriented fandom in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Sharp

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Maid cafés may be positioned as objects of (often oversimplified fan communities in Japan; their heterogeneous qualities may be explored by presenting chronotopes with which they may be reconsidered. The problematics of viewing maid cafés in a homogeneous or reductive way (via iyashi-kei, "relaxation purposes," and moe-kei, "entertainment purposes" are considered, and the results of empirical research conducted at establishments across Honshū in Japan are presented. The vast differences in the services and interactivities provided in maid café settings are at odds with the homogenized fashion in which these venues have been treated in the popular press, in local promotional publications, and often in the academic literature. By presenting chronotopes and case studies with which maid cafés may be reconsidered, what it means to discuss maid cafés as a holistic phenomenon is challenged, and a heuristic for examining how spaces are constructed inside such establishments is provided.

  12. DeMAID/GA USER'S GUIDE Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition with a Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, James L.

    1996-01-01

    Many companies are looking for new tools and techniques to aid a design manager in making decisions that can reduce the time and cost of a design cycle. One tool that is available to aid in this decision making process is the Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition (DeMAID). Since the initial release of DEMAID in 1989, numerous enhancements have been added to aid the design manager in saving both cost and time in a design cycle. The key enhancement is a genetic algorithm (GA) and the enhanced version is called DeMAID/GA. The GA orders the sequence of design processes to minimize the cost and time to converge to a solution. These enhancements as well as the existing features of the original version of DEMAID are described. Two sample problems are used to show how these enhancements can be applied to improve the design cycle. This report serves as a user's guide for DeMAID/GA.

  13. Elektrijaam kütab kirgi ja ujutab Anija valla maid üle / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Uus Vetla hüdroelektrijaam ujutab üle ümbruskonna maid. Jõujaama omaniku Urmas Põllu sõnul ei oleks tammi veetaset allapoole lastes seal võimalik elektrit toota. Lisad: Hüdrojaama kasulikkus vaid sümboolne; Pika tasuvusega projekt

  14. Loveless Frump as Hip and Sexy Party Girl: A Reevaluation of the Old-Maid Stereotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Katherine C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues for a reevaluation of the old-maid stereotype that will allow professionals in the library and information science (LIS) field to embrace digital technology while remaining mindful of their distinctiveness and recognizing the stereotype as an important part of their collective identity and professional history. (Contains 55 references.)…

  15. Kauri seeds and larval somersaults: the larval trunk of the seed mining basal moth Agathiphaga vitensis (Lepidoptera: Agathiphagidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupont, Steen

    2012-09-01

    The trunk morphology of the larvae of the kauri pine (Agathis) seed infesting moth Agathiphaga is described using conventional, polarization, and scanning electron microscopy. The pine seed chamber formed by the larva is also described and commented on. The simple larval chaetotaxy includes more of the minute posture sensing setae, proprioceptors, than expected from the lepidopteran larval ground plan. The excess of proprioceptors is suggested to be necessary for sensory input concerning the larval posture within the seed chamber. The trunk musculature includes an autapomorphic radial ventral musculature made up of unique multisegmental muscles. The combined presence of additional proprioceptors and the unique ventral musculature is proposed to be related to the larval movement within the confined space of the seed chamber, especially to a proposed somersault movement that allows the larva to orientate itself within the chamber. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. High-precision dating and correlation of ice, marine and terrestrial sequences spanning Heinrich Event 3: Testing mechanisms of interhemispheric change using New Zealand ancient kauri (Agathis australis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turney, Chris S. M.; Palmer, Jonathan; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Adolphi, Florian; Muscheler, Raimund; Hughen, Konrad A.; Staff, Richard A.; Jones, Richard T.; Thomas, Zoë A.; Fogwill, Christopher J.; Hogg, Alan

    2016-04-01

    Robustly testing hypotheses of geographic synchroneity of abrupt and extreme change during the late Pleistocene (60,000 to 11,650 years ago) requires a level of chronological precision often lacking in ice, marine and terrestrial sequences. Here we report a bidecadally-resolved New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) tree-ring sequence spanning two millennia that preserves a record of atmospheric radiocarbon (14C) during ice-rafted debris event Heinrich Event 3 (HE3) in the North Atlantic and Antarctic Isotope Maximum 4 (AIM4) in the Southern Hemisphere. Using 14C in the marine Cariaco Basin and 10Be preserved in Greenland ice, the kauri 14C sequence allows us to precisely align sequences across this period. We observe no significant difference between atmospheric and marine 14C records during HE3, suggesting no stratification of surface waters and collapse in Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Instead our results support recent evidence for a weakened AMOC across at least two millennia of the glacial period. Our work adds to a growing body of literature confirming that Heinrich events are not the cause of stadial cooling and suggests changes in the AMOC were not the primary driver of antiphase temperature trends between the hemispheres. Decadally-resolved 14C in ancient kauri offers a powerful new (and complementary) approach to polar ice core CH4 alignment for testing hypotheses of abrupt and extreme climate change.

  17. The agony of ambivalence and ways to resolve it: introducing the MAID model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Harreveld, Frenk; van der Pligt, Joop; de Liver, Yael N

    2009-02-01

    People are generally averse toward conflict between beliefs and/or feelings underlying their attitudes-that is, attitudinal ambivalence. This review integrates literature on attitudinal ambivalence with theories on decision making and coping strategies to gain a better understanding of when and how people deal with feelings of ambivalence. First it shows that ambivalence is experienced as being particularly unpleasant when the ambivalent attitude holder is confronted with the necessity to make a choice concerning the ambivalent attitude object; then, incongruent evaluative components of the attitude become accessible, and feelings of uncertainty about the potential outcomes arise, which may involve the anticipation of aversive emotions. Several coping strategies are employed when ambivalence is experienced as unpleasant. Emotion- and problem-focused coping strategies are discussed. The article concludes with a discussion of the MAID (model of ambivalence-induced discomfort), which aims to describe the consequences of ambivalence.

  18. Brides, Maids, and Prostitutes: Reflections on the Study of 'Trafficked' Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Constable

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay critically examines the blurred boundaries – or the analytical shadow lines – in scholarly and popular conceptualizations of Asian women migrants. I ask what women who migrate from the global South to the North as maids, brides, or sex workers have in common? How important are the commonalities and the distinctions between them? When are such blurs warranted, and what are the implications of such blurs for women’s self-perceptions and life experiences, for feminist scholarship, and for immigration policies? Drawing from ethnographic field research among Chinese and Filipina correspondence brides, Filipina domestic workers, and from the wider literature on sex workers, this essay considers some of the problems with a ‘trafficking’ framework, and considers the analytical and ethnographic possibilities that emerge with closer examination of the real and imagined shadow lines between sex workers, domestic workers, and migrant brides.

  19. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Pat Metheny Group tuleb taas kokku. Musta muusika auhinnad Suurbritannias. Bob Marley muusika kui õppevahend inglise keele omandamiseks. Ted Curson 1935-2012. In memoriam David S. Ware. In memoriam Terry Callier

  20. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Suri Dave Brubeck. CNN valis Euroopa parimad jazziklubid. Lahkus Ravi Shankar. Jagati latiinomuusika Grammysid. Suri jazzpianist Austin Peralta. Molde jazzifestivali korraldaja pani ameti aha. Suri John Tchicai

  1. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumid: Taas jagati Grammysid. Lahkus Whitney Houston. Suri Etta James. Esperanza Spalding jätkab tähelendu. Album Esbjörn Svenssoni mälestuseks. Madonna maailmatuur hõlmab nelja kontinenti

  2. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumid: Jazzisuvi Euroopas. Esimene rahvusvaheline jazzipäev. Jazzmuusikud võitlevad oma õiguste eest. Toots Thielemans 90. Uus free jazz'ile keskenduv plaadifirma Suurbritannias. Red Hot Chili Peppers sai Rock and Roll Hall of Fame'i liikmeks. Mulatu Astatkest sai Berklee audoktor. Kanada muusikatööstus jagas auhindu

  3. Bagatellid : maailm / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid mujalt maailmast: Romantilist muusikat Silvio Berlusconilt. WOMEXi maailmamuusika auhind Hugh Masekelale. keith Jarreti Brasiilia kontsert vormus plaadiks. Jagati filmimuusika aihindu. David Lynch debüteerib muusikuna. Lahkus Pete Rugolo. Norra kõigi aegade parim plaat valitud

  4. Beyond the Brink: Indigenous Women’s Agency and the Colonisation of Knowledge in the Maid of the Mist Myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinder Kaur Sehdev

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The myth of the Maid of the Mist of Niagara Falls is a settler story of an Indigenous woman who kills herself by piloting her canoe over the cataract. This is presented not as a tragedy, but as a cultural necessity. So compelling was this settler myth that until recently it was the focus of settler cultural production at Niagara. I argue that the creation and subsequent fixation upon the myth attempted to displace Indigenous stories, and the centrality of Indigenous women to Indigenous epistemologies and in decolonial action. The recent move to banish the myth from tourist audiences does further violence by moving colonial cultural production to the fringes of visibility and away from critical interrogation. The myth and the ways it is called upon and subsequently banished indicates the normalizing practices of settler colonialism and must be pulled from the brink of unnameability and unknowability into critical discourse.

  5. New Maids and Caretakers in Paris?: The Reactivation of Transnational Social Fields of Spanish Emigration Following the Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Oso

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the migration of Spanish women to France following the 2008 economic crisis, considering the reactivation of the transnational social fields that have been built up between the two countries over the years. It reveals how the recession has led to a renewal of the gender-based labour niches filled by women emigrating to Paris in the period between 1950 and 1970 (bonnes à tout faire or maid, domestic workers, caretakers and cleaners, stemming from the reactivation of transnational fields built up through social networks woven by the various migratory trends. It provides an insight into the way these transnational fields are linked to global production and reproduction chains in terms of the patriarchal reorganisation of the labour market and workforce. It concludes that the economic crisis has reinforced traditional social reproduction channels rooted in gender-based sources of employment.

  6. Patterns of abuse amongst Sri Lankan women returning home after working as domestic maids in the Middle East: An exploratory study of medico-legal referrals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickramage, Kolitha; De Silva, Malintha; Peiris, Sharika

    2017-01-01

    Migrant worker abuse is well recognised, but poorly characterised within the scientific literature. This study aimed to explore patterns of abuse amongst Sri Lankan women returning home after working as domestic maids. Sri Lanka has over 2 million of its citizens employed overseas as international labor migrants. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Sri Lankan female domestic maids returning from the Middle East region who were referred for medico-legal opinion. A total of 20 women were included in the study. Average length of their employment overseas was 14 months. Complaints of physical violence directed mainly through their employers were made by 60% of women. Upon physical examination, two-thirds had evidence of injuries, with a third being subjected to repetitive/systematic violence. Eighty percent suffered some form of psychological trauma. Personal identity papers and travel documents had been confiscated by the employer in 85% of cases, with two thirds indicating they were prevented and/or restricted from leaving their place of work/residence. Our study demonstrates that female domestic maid abuse manifests through multiple pathways. Violence against such workers span the full spectrum of physical, financial, verbal, emotional abuse and neglect, as defined by the World Health Organization. Findings from this exploratory study cannot be generalized to the large volume of migrant worker outflows. Further research is needed to determine incidence and define patterns in other migrant worker categories such as low-skilled male workers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  7. Euroopa jazzieksperdid Tallinnas / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2011-01-01

    Jazziorganisatsioonist Europe Jazz Network, kes pidas 22.-25. septembrini Tallinnas oma aastakonverentsi ja selle raames Von Krahli teatris toimunud Tallinn Jazz Weekendi eesti jazzmuusika showcase-festivalist

  8. A novel role for APOBEC3: Susceptibility to sexual transmission of murine acquired immunodeficiency virus (mAIDS is aggravated in APOBEC3 deficient mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Philip H

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background APOBEC3 proteins are host factors that restrict infection by retroviruses like HIV, MMTV, and MLV and are variably expressed in hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells, such as macrophages, lymphocytes, dendritic, and epithelia cells. Previously, we showed that APOBEC3 expressed in mammary epithelia cells function to limit milk-borne transmission of the beta-retrovirus, mouse mammary tumor virus. In this present study, we used APOBEC3 knockout mice and their wild type counterpart to query the role of APOBEC3 in sexual transmission of LP-BM5 MLV – the etiological agent of murine AIDs (mAIDs. Results We show that mouse APOBEC3 is expressed in murine genital tract tissues and gametes and that genital tract tissue of APOBEC3-deficient mice are more susceptible to infection by LP-BM5 virus. APOBEC3 expressed in genital tract tissues most likely plays a role in decreasing virus transmission via the sexual route, since mice deficient in APOBEC3 gene have higher genitalia and seminal plasma virus load and sexually transmit the virus more efficiently to their partners compared to APOBEC3+ mice. Moreover, we show that female mice sexually infected with LP-BM5 virus transmit the virus to their off-spring in APOBEC3-dependent manner. Conclusion Our data indicate that genital tissue intrinsic APOBEC3 restricts genital tract infection and limits sexual transmission of LP-BM5 virus.

  9. MAID: manufacturing aware IC design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheffer, Louis K.

    2005-05-01

    Design tools should take manufacturing foibles into account, on this everyone agrees. But specifically, which DFM issues should IC design software take into account, and how should they be conveyed from the fab to the design tools? Here we examine an approach that expresses four of the most pressing DFM concerns - point defect densities, via yield, lithographic process windows, and cell yield - in a way design tools can easily understand. We show these data types can be combined, they can be read quickly, and that they allow designs to be analyzed (and potentially optimized) with speeds commensurate with other existing algorithms that run on large designs. The major concern that remains is getting useful DFM data from the manufacturing firms. Without this, for example, IC design tools cannot trade off one effect against another.

  10. The Pilgrim Maid and the Indian Chief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edinger, Monica

    2005-01-01

    Students can learn how history is made by shifting through facts and fiction. A living history museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts, set up a 1627 Pilgrim village has helped students learn more about other cultures and times that goes deeper than sentimentality or entertainment.

  11. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: ECHO Klassik aasta dirigent on Paavo Järvi. Lahkus tunnustatud dirigent Charles Mackerras (1925-2010).Kristjan Järvi sõlmis lepingu plaadifirmaga Sony Classical. Kuninganna Elisabethi konkursi võitis pianist Denis Kozhukhin. Suri pianist Yvonne Loriod (1924-2010). Mary J. Blige kehastab filmis Nina Simone'i. Suri Hank Jones. Dee Dee Bridgewater tähistab juubelit erilise albumiga. Prince plaanib korraldada jazzifestivali

  12. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: 14. Tšaikovski nimelisest konkursist. Daniel Barenboim tõstetakse rüütliseisusesse. Orkestrist I, Culture Orchestra. Charles Dutoit plaanib luua Lõuna- ja Põhja-Koread ühendava orkestri. Lahkus Josef Suk. Seiji Ozawa pälvis Praemium Imperiale auhinna. Cardiffi lauljate konkursi võitis Valentina Nafornita. Lahkus Nikolai Petrov. Venetsueelas lööb laineid noor dirigent Jose Omar Davila. "Jazzkaare" täht Brass Jaw sai Suurbritannias suure tunnustuse osaliseks. Põhjamaade Nõukogu muusikaauhinna teenis Mats Gustafsson. Black Eyed Peas paneb pillid kotti. Kuuba kitarrist Manuel Galban surnud. Eesti on Tšehhi jazziraadio fookuses

  13. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Hollandi kultuurielu kriis. Toetus Londoni Filharmooniaorkestrist vallandatud muusikutele. Veebilehest: arkivmusic.eu. Lahkus Kurt Sanderling. Hiinas keelustati ajaloolise sisuga ooper. Dirigent Mark Gorenstein vallandati ametist. Beethoveni kvarteti taastatud osa. Värskeid plaadilepinguid. Bostoni sümfooniaorkester otsib muusikalist juhti. Fabio Luisil probleem kodumaiste ooperimajadega. Itaalia jazzi pevad New Yorgis. Värskeid plaate jazzimaailmast. Tony Bennett purustas rekordi. DownBeati aasta jazzmuusik on Jason Moran

  14. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Arvo Pärt võitis aasta helilooja tiitli. Kronos Quartetile Avery Fischer Prize ja Polar Music Prize. Kristjan Järvi saab Kesk-Saksamaa Ringhäälingu (Mitteldeutsche Rundfunk) sümfooniaorkestri peadirigendiks. Brasiilia sümfooniaorkestrist vallandati pooled muusikud. Riccardo Muti hooaja preemiad. Grammy auhindade kategooriaid plaanitakse vähendada. Suri Sony kompanii kauaaegne juht Norio Ohga. Valeri Gergijevi edu BBC Music Magazine'i auhindade galal. Plaat Smolenski tragöödiate ohvrite mälestuseks. Norralased viivad hea muusika kontoritesse

  15. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Jiri Belohlavek naaseb Tšehhi filharmoonia peadirigendiks. Alfred Brendel 80. Sir Simon Rattle'i debüüt Metropolitan Operas. Soome raadio sümfooniaorkestri peadirigendiks saabHannu Lintu. 2012. aasta Viini uusaastakontserti juhatab Maris Jansons. Uus täht jazzitaevas - Christian Scott. Valik uusi jazziraamatuid. Itaalia muusikaajakiri Musica Jazz valis aasta parimaid jazzmuusikuid. Grammy võitjad selgunud. Michael Jackson jätkab postuumselt müügirekordite purustamist

  16. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Riccardo Muti pälvis Birgit Nilssoni preemia. BBC Music Magazine korraldatud küsitluse tulemusel on maailma silmapaistvam dirigent Carlos Kleiber. Sony ja Decca Classicsi värsked plaadilepingud. Suri dirigent Yakov Kreizberg. Paavo Järvi pikendas lepingut Orchestre de Paris'ga aastani 2016. Anu Tali debüteeris New Yorgi Lincoln Center's. Uut ECM kataloogis. Carla Bruni võitleb internetipiraatluse vastu. Ungari jazzipäevadel jagati tunnustust

  17. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Grammy nominentide seas Arvo Pärt, Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester ja Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor. Louis Andriessen võitis Grawemeyeri preemia. Sibeliuse-nimelise viiuldajate konkursi võitis Nikita Borisoglebski. Kristiina Poska jõudis Donatella Flicki nimelise dirigentide konkursi finaali. Benjamin Koppel pälvis jazziauhinna Ben Webster Prize. Newporti jazzifestival jäi sponsorita. Down Beati jazzikriitikud valisid 2010. aasta parimad (nimekiri)

  18. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Sõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Neeme Järvist saab Orchestre de la Suisse Romande kunstiline ja muusikaline juht. Selgusid ajakirja Gramophone auhinnad. Lahkus koloratuursopran Joan Sutherland. Šotimaal avastati Antonio Vivaldi kodunud kontsert. Arvatavalt Napoleonile kuulunud Stradivari viiul müüdi internetioksjonil kõrge hinnaga. Dave Holland teeb flamenkot. Panama kultuurisaadik Danilo Perez sai auhinna. Jazzmuusik kaebas Snoop Doggi kohtusse

  19. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Helsingis avati uus kultuurikeskus Helsingi Musiikkitalo. Montrealis sain endale uue kontserdimaja La Maison Symphonique de Montreal. Lahkus tenor Salvatore Licitra. James Levine loobus Metropolitan Opera sügishooaja etenduste dirigeerimisest. Iisraeli Filharmoonikute kontsert BBC Promsil häiritud. Deutsche Grammophon kolis Berliini. Siemens loobub Bayereuthi festivali spondeerimisest. Kultuurivahetus Viini Riigiooperi ja La Scala ooperiteatrite vahel. MTV premeeris popimaailma tippe. Hiina tsenseerib Lääne popmuusikuid. uus Grammyde jagamise kord põhjustab pahameelt. Return to Forever taas koos. Chick Corea juubel

  20. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Harry Liivrand, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Uudiseid maailmast: Helilooja Jennifer Higdon pälvis Pulitzeri preemia. Fabio Luisist sai Metropolitan Opera esimene külalisdirigent. "Operalia" võitjad Sonya Yoncheva ja Stefan Pop. Lahkus metsosopran Giulietta Simionato. Kaija Saariaho uus ooper "Emilie" Amsterdamis. Hollandi maineka jazziauhinna noppis Anton Goudsmit. Herbie Hancock tähisats juubelit. Jagati reggae- ja maailmamuusika auhindu. Ilmus Stevie Wonderi biograafia

  1. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoori plaat "Kolgata" on Gramophone Awardi nominent. Arvo Pärdi teoseid esitati Walesis Vale of Glamorgani festivalil. Chicagos on müügil maailma kalleim viiul. James Levine'i seni avaldamata ooperisalvestused nüüd saadaval. John Zornil üliproduktiivne aasta. Björk pälvis väärika auhinna. Al Jarreau jättis tuuri pooleli. Ilmus Miles Davise kaheksa kogumikku 43 CD-ga

  2. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2010-01-01

    Lühisõnumaid maailmast: Vene pianist Julianna Avdejeva saavutas XVI rahvusvahelisel Chopini konkursil Varssavis võidu. Suri poola helilooja Henryk Mikolaj Gorecki. Daniel Barenboimi 60 lava-aastat. Suri dirigent ja vioolamängija Rudolf Baršai. Kitarrilegend Sonny Sharrock sai oma kodulinnas enda nimelise tänava. 23. Thelonious Monki nimelise jazzkonkursi võitis Cecile McLorin Salvant. Youn Sun Nah Prantsuse müügiedetabeli tipus. Ansamblil Jamiroquai ilmus uus plaat. Suri saksofonist Marion Brown

  3. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Pianist Ingolf Wunderil plaadileping Deutsche Grammophoniga. Dmitri Hvorostovski ja Ivari Ilja Ameerika lavadel. Olari Elts Helsingi Linnaorkestri pea-külalisdirigendiks. John Storgards BBC Filharmooniaorkestri pea-külalisdirigendiks. James Levine loobub Bostoni sümfooniaorkestri kunstilise juhi ametist. Sopran Arete Teemets võitis Spoletos toimunud konkursil kolmanda koha. Pianist Mihkel Poll võitis Londonis Yamaha konkursil. Björki ja Omar Souleymani koostööst. Hamburgi jazziauhind Vladyslav Sendeckile. Joe Lovano kakskümmend aastat Blue Note'i artist. Suri Tony Levin. Nelly Furtado annetab Gadaffilt saadud raha

  4. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld, Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Grammy 2011 võitjad selgunud. Saksa helilooja Aribert Reimann pälvis Ernst von Siemensi preemia. Andras Schiff ja Adam Fischer mures Ungari pärast. Lahkus sopran Margaret Price. Suri Charles Fambrough. Kevadisi jazzifestivale Euroopas. Üks maailma vanimaid jazziklubisid Bakers's Keyboard Lounge haamri all

  5. Vene nafta kihutab Euroopa Liidu maid energiareformidele / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni president Jose Manuel Barroso on nagu Saksa kantsler Angela Merkelgi seisukohal, et etteteatamata naftatarnekatkestus on hoop Venemaa usaldatavusele partnerina. Brüsselis hakatakse arutama võimalikke vastukäike. Euroopa Komisjoni kavast energiasektori reformimiseks

  6. Moving maids: dynamics of domestic service and development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Glantz, Namino M

    2005-01-01

    ... in domestic service, economic growth, modernization, and migration in three distinct contexts: Malaysia, Zambia, and Canada. The case studies reveal both unique and shared dynamics, and pose questions about servant-state relationships, racial relations, gender role (re-)construction, class and notions of modernity, and how these issues interface with developme...

  7. USA relvastab araabia maid miljardite dollaritega / Kunnar Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Kunnar

    2007-01-01

    USA välisminister Condoleezza Rice ja kaitseminister Robert Gates tegid visiidi Saudi-Araabiasse. Arvatakse, et nad on pehmendamas katastroofi, mis järgneks USA vägede järk-järgulisele taandumisele Iraagist. USA kavatseb anda Pärsia riikidele sõjalist abi, et tuua Iraan kolmepoolsetele läbirääkimistele. Lisa: Kodusõda võib olla vältimatu

  8. Litter as seedbed: interactions between the soil, seedlings and litter of kauri (Agathis australis)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkaik, E.

    2006-01-01

    Plants have important impacts upon soil processes such as nutrient mineralisation and organic matter dynamics. They might even enhance their own fitness by improving soil quality or by making the soil less favourable for competing species. In the latter strategy, tannins in plant foliage might be

  9. Vikergallup : eesti kirjandus 2014 / Vahur Afanasjev, Sirel Heinloo, Peeter Helme ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kriitikute arvamus 2014. aastal Eestis ilmunud nüüdiskirjandusest. Aasta parimaks uudisteoseks nimetati Hasso Krulli luuleraamat "Kui kivid olid veel pehmed", parimaks debüüdiks Kristjan Haljaku luulekogu "Palavik", parimate tõlkeraamatutena tõsteti esile Elena Ferrante romaan "Üksilduse päevad", Konstantinos Petrou Kavafise "Kogutud luuletusi" ja Ivan Turgenevi "Senilia"

  10. Archaeological investigations in the inner courtyard of the puppet theatre 'Nuku' / Eero Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Eero

    2014-01-01

    Leidude põhjal võib rääkida puithoonestusest 13. sajandist, mis 14. sajandi lõpus asendati kivihoonestusega. Aktiivsem elutegevus on antud alale iseloomulik alates 14. sajandi keskpaigast. Keskaegse hoone kohale rajati 17. sajandi alguses uus kivihoone. 19. sajandi alguses krundil asunud kivihooned lammutati ja nende asemele rajati uued kivihooned. Leidudest moodustavad enamiku importkeraamika katkendid. Muust leiuainesest võib esile tõsta puitleide

  11. Pilk Noor-Eesti seminarile Tallinna Ülikoolis / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2005-01-01

    9. mail toimus Tallinna Ülikoolis Noor-Eesti liikumise 100. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud rahvusvaheline kirjandusseminar "Noor-Eesti 100". Toomas Haug rääkis nooreestlasest frankofiilist Rudolf Lestast. Ettekandega osalesid veel Toomas Liiv, Elo Lindsalu, Õnne Kepp, Tiit Hennoste, Benedikts Kalnach (Läti), Ramutis Karmalavichius (Leedu), Maija Burima (Läti)

  12. Archaeological investigations at Lai street in Tartu / Rünno Vissak, Eero Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vissak, Rünno, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Leitud ehituskehanditest on huvipakkuvamad Vene värava eesvärava müürid Laia tänava jõepoolses osas ja massiivsete müüride jäänused Jakobi ja Laia tänava ristumiskohal, mis ilmselt kuuluvad keskaegse Katariina kloostri hoonetekompleksi

  13. Development of the town Viljandi in light of the studies at Lossi street / Eero Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Eero

    2015-01-01

    Uuringud näitasid, et varaseim püsiasustusele viitav ladestus on ulatunud Lossi ja Kauba tänavate ristist kuni Lossi tn 3 ja 4 hoonete vahelise alani. Hetkeseisus ei saa püsiasustuse algust dateerida varasemaks kui 13. sajandi keskpaik. Lossi tänava kujunemise võib dateerida 1270. või 1280. aastatesse. Hiljemalt 14. sajandi II veerandil on tänava puitsillutis asendatud munakivisillutisega.

  14. New Data on the Medieval and Early Modern Settlement in Rakvere / Eero Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Eero

    2013-01-01

    Järelvalve töödest Tiigi, Vabriku ja Õllepruuli tänavatel. Uuritava ala lõunapoolses osas ilmnesid kesk- ja varauusaegsed ladestused. Leiti 13. sajandi keskpaika dateeritud hoone jäänused. Varauusaegseid ladestusi täheldati Õllepruuli tänava kesk- ja lõunapoolses osas

  15. Maid mööda hargnenud pered / Katrin Uuspõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uuspõld, Katrin

    2017-01-01

    TLÜ Rakvere kolledž osaleb Eesti-Soome koostööprojektis REGI, mille eesmärk on toetada kahe riigi vahel hargnenud peresid. Mullu toimusid Rakvere kolledžis neljal korral teemaõhtud "Armastan sind kaugelt". Selgitusi jagavad TLÜ Rakvere kolledži lektor, pereterapeut ning Gordoni perekooli ja PREP-paarisuhte koolitaja Pille Murrik, TLÜ Rakvere kolledži arendusjuht ja REGI projekti Eesti koordinaator Kristel Mänd ning TLÜ Rakvere kolledži õppejuht Marje Lepanen

  16. The agony of ambivalence and ways to resolve it: introducing the MAID model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Harreveld, F.; van der Pligt, J.; de Liver, Y.N.

    2009-01-01

    People are generally averse toward conflict between beliefs and/or feelings underlying their attitudes—that is, attitudinal ambivalence. This review integrates literature on attitudinal ambivalence with theories on decision making and coping strategies to gain a better understanding of when and how

  17. The maid behind "The Handmaid’s Tale": A tainted view of Half-hanged Mary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anirban Chatterjee, MBBS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Although much has been debated about the role of syphilis in the witch hunting craze that swept across Europe in the 16th and 17th Century, the equally horrifying Witch Trials in the United States of America were all bracketed under the common heading of ergotism. Here, I focus on one specific case in particular, which is peculiar owing to many factors, not the least being the fact that the woman who was hanged after being accused of witchcraft, eventually lived!

  18. Measurement and Analysis Infrastructure Diagnostic (MAID) Evaluation Criteria, Version 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    engineering—Measurement process. http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=44344 (2007). [ Kaplan 1992] Kaplan , R.S. & Norton D.P. ―The... Balanced Scorecard Measures That Drive Performance.” Harvard Business Review (Jan-Feb 1992): 71-80. 41 | CMU/SEI-2009-TR-022 [Kasunic 2008a... Kaplan 1992; Florac 1999, p. 26]. The documented approach 1.10.1 leads to a prioritized list of information needs associated with each business

  19. ÜRO ei kohusta Eestit 9. maid tähistama / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Venemaa eestvõttel võttis ÜRO vastu resolutsiooni, milles kuulutatakse 9. mai Teise maailmasõja lõpu tähistamise päevaks. ÜRO peaassambleel EL-i nimel kõnelnud Hollandi suursaadik märkis, et osa alliansi riikide jaoks ei tähista 8. ja 9. mai 1945 võitu

  20. Millised on Eesti suhted Venemaaga pärast 9. maid / Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taro, Igor

    2005-01-01

    Moskva liberaalse raadiojaama Ehho Moskvõ vestlusringis on Leedu riigiraadio ajakirjanik Stasys Planutis, nädalalehe Moskovskije Novosti peatoimetaja Jevgeni Kisseljov, Riigiduuma väliskomitee liige Dmitri Rogozin, saatejuht Sergei Muntman ja artikli autor. Teemaks Venemaa Balti riikide suhete tulevik, kui olid teatavaks saanud Eesti ja Leedu presidentide otsused mitte sõita 9. mail Moskvasse

  1. Talunikel võimalus maid ise mõõta / Kai Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Kai

    2005-01-01

    Estpit Projekt võitis maatükkide mõõtmise mobiilse GPS-lahendusega Põllumajanduse Registrite ja Informatsiooni Ameti avatud riigihanke. Tarkvara saab kasutada lisaks maamõõtmisele ka põllutööde jälgimiseks

  2. Riik vahetab looduskaitselise väärtusega maid / Riina Pomerants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pomerants, Riina

    2003-01-01

    Kaitsealal või kaitstavaid loodusobjekte sisaldavate maade vahetamise võimalustest (valitsuse määrus 22. jaan. 2003 nr. 24 - kinnisasja vahetamise kord ja kinnisasja ning selle oluliste osade väärtuse määramise alused)

  3. Enne ja pärast 9. maid / Vello Helk ; foto : Arno Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helk, Vello, 1923-2014

    2005-01-01

    kommentaare märtsiküüditamise aastapäeva puhul ajakirjanduses ilmunule, samuti seoses 9. mai Moskva suurüritusest osavõtmisega või osavõtmata jätmisega, aga ka ajaloofaktide erinevast tõlgendamisest ajaloolaste ja poliitikute poolt

  4. V zone povõshennogo vnimanija / Andrus Maide ; interv. Aleksei Zhigulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maide, Andrus, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Veeteede Ameti peadirektor vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema hinnangut meresõiduohutusele Soome lahel ja Eesti rannikuvetes, muutusi ameti töös pärast liitumist Euroopa Liiduga, ameti struktuuri ja töö põhisuundi, 21. novembrist kuni 2. detsembrini Londonis toimunud Rahvusvahelise Mereorganisatsiooni (IMO) konverentsi ning ameti ja veepolitsei koostööd

  5. Maids or Mentors? The Effects of Live-In Foreign Domestic Workers on Children's Educational Achievement in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Sam Hak Kan; Yung, Linda Chor Wing

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the effects of live-in foreign domestic workers (FDWs) on school children's educational outcomes using samples from two population censuses and a survey data set. The evidence consistently points to Filipino FDWs improving the educational outcomes of school children by decreasing their probability of late schooling or increasing…

  6. Old maids have more appeal: effects of age and pheromone source on mate attraction in an orb-web spider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna-Lena Cory

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background. In many insects and spider species, females attract males with volatile sex pheromones, but we know surprisingly little about the costs and benefits of female pheromone emission. Here, we test the hypothesis that mate attraction by females is dynamic and strategic in the sense that investment in mate attraction is matched to the needs of the female. We use the orb-web spider Argiope bruennichi in which females risk the production of unfertilised egg clutches if they do not receive a copulation within a certain time-frame. Methods. We designed field experiments to compare mate attraction by recently matured (young females with females close to oviposition (old. In addition, we experimentally separated the potential sources of pheromone transmission, namely the female body and the web silk. Results. In accordance with the hypothesis of strategic pheromone production, the probability of mate attraction and the number of males attracted differed between age classes. While the bodies and webs of young females were hardly found by males, the majority of old females attracted up to two males within two hours. Old females not only increased pheromone emission from their bodies but also from their webs. Capture webs alone spun by old females were significantly more efficient in attracting males than webs of younger females. Discussion. Our results suggest that females modulate their investment in signalling according to the risk of remaining unmated and that they thereby economize on the costs associated with pheromone production and emission.

  7. Archaeological excavations on the plot of the old department store in Tartu, Riia Street 2 / Rünno Vissak, Eero Heinloo, Silja Möllits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vissak, Rünno, 1962-

    2015-01-01

    Vana Kaubamaja kvartali kasutus intensiivistus 14. saj. lõpus, mil uuendati olemasolevaid ja rajati uusi piirikraave. Lühiajaline paus piirkonna asustuses toimus Vene-Liivi sõja ajal. 17. sajandil tastatud puithoone viitab asustuse järjepidevusele. Hiljemalt aastaks 1732 on kinnistule ehitatud uus puithoone, mis püsib kasutusel vähemalt 19. sajandi alguseni

  8. Vanemuise draamatrupp tunnustas Riho Kütsarit / Aigi Viira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viira, Aigi

    2001-01-01

    Vastu aastavahetust valis Vanemuise draamatrupp lõppenud aasta parimaid. Parimaks lavastuseks tunnistati W. Gombrowiczi "Laulatus" Mati Undi lavastuses, parimaks meesosatäitjaks Riho Kütsar ja parimaks naisosatäitjaks Kersti Heinloo. Oma lemmiknäitlejaile andis preemiad ka Meira OÜ Eesti

  9. Tornimäe kaksiktornid Tallinnas. Konkursi "Aasta betoonehitis 2007" nominent / Meeli Truu, Juhan Idnurm, Jaan Port...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    AS Nord Projekt; konstruktorid: Juhan Idnurm, Jaan Port, Kaido Kuusiku (Nord Projekt AS), Indrek Heinloo (E-Inseneribüroo OÜ), Matis Teeäär (Neoprojekt OÜ), Kaido Pärl (TAA-Konsult); ehitajad: Lemminkäinen Eesti AS, AS Merko Ehitus; betooni ja betoonelementide tarnijad: AS Rudus Eesti, AS Betoneks

  10. Thomas Hardy's Notion of Impurity in "Far from the Madding Crowd": The Tragic Failure of a Ruined Maid or The Blessed Life of a Fallen Lady

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Nafiseh Salman; Abbasi, Pyeaam

    2014-01-01

    As a prolific nineteenth-century novelist, Thomas Hardy witnessed how women were treated as well as the dreadful conditions in which they lived. Well aware of the nineteenth-century limitations on femininity, Hardy stood for women's downtrodden rights. Henceforth, so as to examine Hardy's personal thoughts and impressions towards the prevailing…

  11. Maaülikoolis jagatakse maid : vaikse leina asemel käib põllumajandusülikoolis võimuvõitlus / Sirje Pärismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    Põllumajandusülikooli rektori Henn Elmeti lahkumise järel asus rektori kohustusi täitma õppeprorektor Hugo Roostalu. Teadusprorektor Lembit Nei aga teatas, et endise rektori 10. mai käskkirjaga on hoopis tema määratud rektori kohusetäitjaks

  12. Le roman anglais du XVIIIe siècle à l’opéra : la sentimentalité, Pamela et The Maid of the Mill The 18th-century Novel as Opera: Sentimentality, Pamela and The Maid of the Mill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Burden

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article revient sur la notion de sentimentalité et particulièrement sur l’opéra sentimental qui dérive du roman anglais de même nature. L’idée du triomphe ultime du bien, de la possibilité pour une jeune fille pauvre mais honnête de réussir dans la vie et de la bonté comme lien inaltérable unissant les hommes acquit une telle force à la fin du XVIIIe siècle qu’elle a été utilisée pour la définir. Une des œuvres les plus significatives du style sentimental, Pamela, le roman de Richardson, retint l’attention du librettiste Isaac Bickerstaffe (1733-1808, qui le transforma en « opéra anglais » faisant remarquer que son œuvre, « une bagatelle à bien des points de vue, constituait la première pièce sentimentale qui paraisse sur la scène anglaise depuis 40 ans ». Mis en musique par Samuel Arnold (1740-1802 l’opéra présente un genre nouveau, « l’opéra pastiche », qui incorpore la musique de plusieurs compositeurs. Musicalement, l’opéra n’a rien de très original et selon nos critères actuels, l’absence d’un seul compositeur nettement identifiable ou d’une esthétique de composition particulière en fait un objet d’art difficile à jauger. Mais la simplicité de  la musique elle-même constitue un attribut essentiel qui permet à la sentimentalité de l’histoire de s’exprimer et annonce véritablement la naissance d’un nouveau genre d’opéra anglais, le pastiche. De même, les caractéristiques très particulières des représentations théâtrales en Angleterre ont joué un rôle déterminant dans le développement de l’opéra sentimental à Londres.This article returns to the well-known notion of sentimental culture, and specifically, to sentimental opera derived from the English novel.  The notion that goodness must triumph, that a poor but honest girl should ‘make good’, and that such goodness should form a binding force between humans, was such a strong force in late 18th-century culture that it has been used as a means to define it as an ‘age’. Among the most important formative work in this ‘sentimental’ style is Richardson’s novel, Pamela, that came to the attention of the writer Isaac Bickerstaffe (1733?-1808 who re-worked it as an English opera, remarking that the piece ‘however trifling in other circumstances, was the first sentimental drama that had appeared on the English stage for forty years’. The work set to music by Samuel Arnold (1740-1802, was representative of a new musical genre, the pastiche opera that incorporated the music of others. From a musical point of view, the opera is not hugely important; in modern day terms, the lack of a single identifiable composer or compositional aesthetic makes it a problematical artistic object to assess today. And yet the very simplicity of the music was the defining attribute that allowed the ‘sentimentality’ of the story to shine through, and did herald a new genre in English opera, the pastiche. This article will argue that the very particular circumstances of an English performance played a vital role in the development of sentimental opera in London.

  13. Käsitöö tungib linna / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Isetegemise populaarsuse kasvust. Huvi tuntakse keraamika, viltimise, tikkimise, heegeldamise, puulõike, renoveerimise, leivategemise jm. vastu. Arvamust avaldavad disainistuudio omanik Irina Tammis, Elo Lutsepp vabaõhumuuseumist, kunstnik Hemmeliin Malken, keraamikud Eliisa Ehin ja Kauri Kallas jt.

  14. Murine Cytomegalovirus Downregulates Interleukin-17 in Mice with Retrovirus-induced Immunosuppression that are Susceptible to Experimental Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blalock, Emily L.; Chien, Hsin; Dix, Richard D.

    2013-01-01

    Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a proinflammatory cytokine produced by CD4+ Th17 cells, has been associated with the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases including uveitis. The fate of IL-17 during HIV/AIDS, however, remains unclear, and a possible role for IL-17 in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related diseases has not been investigated. Toward these ends, we performed studies using a well-established animal model of experimental murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis that develops in C57/BL6 mice with retrovirus-induced immunosuppression (MAIDS). After establishing baseline levels for IL-17 production in whole splenic cells of healthy mice, we observed a significant increase in IL-17 mRNA levels in whole splenic cells of mice with MAIDS of 4-weeks (MAIDS-4), 8-weeks (MAIDS-8), and 10-weeks (MAIDS-10) duration. In contrast, enriched populations of splenic CD4+ T cells, splenic macrophages, and splenic neutrophils exhibited a reproducible decrease in levels of IL-17 mRNA during MAIDS progression. To explore a possible role for IL-17 during the pathogenesis of MAIDS-related MCMV retinitis, we first demonstrated constitutive IL-17 expression in retinal photoreceptor cells of uninfected eyes of healthy mice. Subsequent studies, however, revealed a significant decrease in intraocular levels of IL-17 mRNA and protein in MCMV-infected eyes of MAIDS-10 mice during retinitis development. That MCMV infection might cause a remarkable downregulation of IL-17 production was supported further by the finding that systemic MCMV infection of healthy, MAIDS-4, or MAIDS-10 mice also significantly decreased IL-17 mRNA production by whole splenic CD4+ T cells. Based on additional studies using IL-10 −/− mice infected systemically with MCMV and IL-10 −/− mice with MAIDS infected intraocularly with MCMV, we propose that MCMV infection downregulates IL-17 production via stimulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 and interleukin-10. PMID:23415673

  15. This moral coil: a cross-sectional survey of Canadian medical student attitudes toward medical assistance in dying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bator, Eli Xavier; Philpott, Bethany; Costa, Andrew Paul

    2017-10-27

    In February, 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada struck down the ban on medical assistance in dying (MAiD). In June, 2016, the federal government passed Bill C-14, permitting MAiD. Current medical students will be the first physician cohort to enter a system permissive of MAiD, and may help to ensure equitable access to care. This study assessed medical student views on MAiD, factors influencing these views, and opportunities for medical education. An exploratory cross-sectional survey was developed and distributed to medical students across all years of a three-year Canadian undergraduate medical program. The investigators administered the survey to participants during academic sessions from November to December, 2015. Analysis of the results included summary descriptive statistics, Pearson's chi-square test of independence to identify differences between participants by year of study, logistic regression to identify factors that influence students' stances on MAiD, and Wilcoxon signed rank test to measure changes in student support for MAiD and comfort discussing MAiD. There were 405 participants for a response rate of 87%. The majority of students (88%) supported the Supreme Court's decision, 61% would provide the means for a patient to end their life, and 38% would personally administer a lethal medication. Students who were more willing to provide the means for MAiD found medical education/clinical experience and patient autonomy to be important contributors to their stances on MAiD. Those students who were less willing to provide the means for MAiD found religious/spiritual beliefs and teachings, as well as concern about potential negative consequences, to be important contributors to their stances on MAiD. Educational training desired by participants included medicolegal (91%), communication skills (80%), technical skills (75%), and religious (49%). Medical students generally supported and would provide the means for MAiD to patients. They also indicated a

  16. Piimatalunik - olla või mitte olla / interv. Lii Sammler, Urve Sinisalu, Merike Pitk, Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Alla 100 lehmaga väiketootjad piimatootmise võimalikkusest taludes. Vt. samas: TÜ E-Piim juhatuse esimees Jaanus Murakas: suurim riskirühm on väikesed suured; Ülo Kalm. Kaupo Kauri loodab jätkata. Arvamust avaldab Raplamaa talupidajate Liidu direktor Alvar Timmi

  17. Modelling landslide dynamics in forested landscapes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claessens, L.F.G.

    2005-01-01

    The research resulting in this thesis covers the geological, geomorphological and landscape ecology related themes of the project 'Podzolisation under Kauri (Agathis australis): for better or worse?' supported by theNetherlands Organisation

  18. De "sirvientas" y eléctricos servidores. Imágenes del servicio doméstico en las estrategias de promoción del consumo de artículos para el hogar (Argentina, 1940-1960)/Maids and Electric Servants. Images of Paid Domestic Work within the Strategies that Promoted the Consumption of Household Goods (Argentina, 1940-1960)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Inés Pérez

    2013-01-01

    ...". These images were used in the promotion of these new goods in various texts targeting housewives as way to deal with and also exploit the anxieties generated by the transformations of everyday life...

  19. The Right to Die: Legalizing Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noushon Farmanara

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Permitting medical assistance in dying has been a contentiously debated issue in Canada for decades. In June of 2016, the federal government passed legislation that amended the Criminal Code to permit eligible adults to request and receive medical assistance in dying (MAiD. Two major Supreme Court cases challenged the prohibition of MAiD, with very different results. Although the cases of Rodriguez vs. British Columbia and Carter vs. Canada were strikingly similar, a shifting political, social, and international landscape over the two decades between the two cases produced very different outcomes. The 2015 landmark decision in Carter vs. Canada thrust the issue of MAiD onto the federal government’s agenda. While federal legislation was enacted, the provision of MAiD falls to the responsibility of provinces and territories. Ensuring that the practice is properly implemented, monitored, and regulated will be a pressing challenge moving forward.

  20. Mujeres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsasser, Nan; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Hispanic great-grandmas and great-granddaughters discuss their attitudes toward mothering and being mothers. These women are country and city women; they are business women, artists, maids, and teachers. (NQ)

  1. Saaremaa laevakompanii lõhkus valmis jäätee / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Majandusministeeriumis kohtusid kantsler Marika Priske, lennundus- ja merendusosakonna juhataja aset. Nathan Tõnisson, Saaremaa laevakompanii juhatuse esimees Tõnis Rihvk, veeteede ameti peadirektor Andrus Maide ning maanteeameti peadirektor Riho Sõrmus arutamaks jäätee ettevalmistusprotsessi reegleid ning talvise parvlaevaliikluse koordineerimist

  2. Ministeerium sunnib kahte tippjuhti huvide konflikti vältimiseks kohad vahetama / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2001-01-01

    Riigiettevõtete Lennuliiklusteenindus ja Eesti Loots nõukogu esimehed Toomas Peterson ja Andrus Maide on sunnitud kohad vahetama, kuna mõlemad mehed juhivad ka oma töövaldkonda kontrollivat ametit

  3. Suur laienemine ja suur Euroopa müür / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2003-01-01

    Arengutest Euroopas pärast 1. maid 2004, mil on toimunud EL-i suur laienemine itta. Ümbertöötatud versioon ettekandest, mille autor pidas 11. septembril 2002 Londonis Kuninglikus Välissuhete Instituudis

  4. Raadi mõis Tartu Ülikooli teenistuses / Helmut Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Helmut, 1930-

    2010-01-01

    1921. aastal kinkis Eesti Vabariik Raadi mõisa Tartu Ülikoolile, hooneid ja maid hakkas kasutama põllumajandusteaduskond, härrastemaja anti Eesti Rahva Muuseumi käsutusse. Põllumajanduslike katsejaamade rajamine Raadile.

  5. Modelling landslide dynamics in forested landscapes

    OpenAIRE

    Claessens, L.F.G.

    2005-01-01

    The research resulting in this thesis covers the geological, geomorphological and landscape ecology related themes of the project 'Podzolisation under Kauri (Agathis australis): for better or worse?' supported by theNetherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). The general objective of this thesis is to investigate landscape, soil and vegetation dynamics in theWaitakereRangesRegionalParkon the North Island of New Zealand, where also all the fieldwork was carried out. The main core o...

  6. An Evaluation of the Anti-Soviet Guerrilla Warfare Potential in Soviet Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-10-15

    Siege of Leningrad, p. 261. ~ Mi Evald Uustalu and Rein Moora, Soomepoisld, pp. 10-11. 29. Swettenham, p. 143. 30. Talpak, p.27. 31. Hans Kauri...States into the USSR. Hearings. 83rd Cong., 1st sess. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1954. 59. Uustalu, Evald . The History...independence 1918-1940.) 60. Uustalu, Evald and Moora, Rein. Soomepoisld. Toronto: Soo- mepoiste Klubl Torontos, JR 200 Sdprusdhlng Stockholmis ja JR

  7. Thromboembolic Events Associated with Thalidomide and Multimodality Therapy for Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Results of RTOG 0330

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Kane

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. RTOG 0330 was developed to address the toxicity of RTOG 9514 and to add thalidomide (THAL to MAID chemoradiation for intermediate/high grade soft tissue sarcomas (STSs and to preoperative radiation (XRT for low-grade STS. Methods. Primary/locally recurrent extremity/trunk STS: ≥8 cm, intermediate/high grade (cohort A: >5 cm, low grade (cohort B. Cohort A: 3 cycles of neoadjuvant MAID, 2 cycles of interdigitated THAL (200 mg/day/concurrent 22 Gy XRT, resection, 12 months of adjuvant THAL. Cohort B: neoadjuvant THAL/concurrent 50 Gy XRT, resection, 6 months of adjuvant THAL. Planned accrual 44 patients. Results. 22 primary STS patients (cohort A/B 15/7. Cohort A/B: median age of 49/47 years; median tumor size 12.8/10 cm. 100% preoperative THAL/XRT and surgical resection. Three cycles of MAID were delivered in 93% cohort A. Positive margins: 27% cohort A/29% cohort B. Adjuvant THAL: 60% cohort A/57% cohort B. Grade 3/4 venous thromboembolic (VTE events: 40% cohort A (1 catheter thrombus and 5 DVT or PE versus 0% cohort B. RTOG 0330 closed early due to cohort A VTE risk and cohort B poor accrual. Conclusion. Neoadjuvant MAID with THAL/XRT was associated with increased VTE events not seen with THAL/XRT alone or in RTOG 9514 with neoadjuvant MAID/XRT.

  8. DEMAID - A DESIGN MANAGER'S AID FOR INTELLIGENT DECOMPOSITION (SUN VERSION)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, J. L.

    1994-01-01

    Many engineering systems are large and multi-disciplinary. Before the design of new complex systems such as large space platforms can begin, the possible interactions among subsystems and their parts must be determined. Once this is completed the proposed system can be decomposed to identify its hierarchical structure. DeMAID (A Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition) is a knowledge-based system for ordering the sequence of modules and identifying a possible multilevel structure for the design problem. DeMAID displays the modules in an N x N matrix format (called a design structure matrix) where a module is any process that requires input and generates an output. (Modules which generate an output but do not require an input, such as an initialization process, are also acceptable.) Although DeMAID requires an investment of time to generate and refine the list of modules for input, it could save a considerable amount of money and time in the total design process, particularly in new design problems where the ordering of the modules has not been defined. The decomposition of a complex design system into subsystems requires the judgement of the design manager. DeMAID reorders and groups the modules based on the links (interactions) among the modules, helping the design manager make decomposition decisions early in the design cycle. The modules are grouped into circuits (the subsystems) and displayed in an N x N matrix format. Feedback links, which indicate an iterative process, are minimized and only occur within a subsystem. Since there are no feedback links among the circuits, the circuits can be displayed in a multilevel format. Thus, a large amount of information is reduced to one or two displays which are stored for later retrieval and modification. The design manager and leaders of the design teams then have a visual display of the design problem and the intricate interactions among the different modules. The design manager could save a substantial

  9. DEMAID - A DESIGN MANAGER'S AID FOR INTELLIGENT DECOMPOSITION (MACINTOSH VERSION)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, J. L.

    1994-01-01

    Many engineering systems are large and multi-disciplinary. Before the design of new complex systems such as large space platforms can begin, the possible interactions among subsystems and their parts must be determined. Once this is completed the proposed system can be decomposed to identify its hierarchical structure. DeMAID (A Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition) is a knowledge-based system for ordering the sequence of modules and identifying a possible multilevel structure for the design problem. DeMAID displays the modules in an N x N matrix format (called a design structure matrix) where a module is any process that requires input and generates an output. (Modules which generate an output but do not require an input, such as an initialization process, are also acceptable.) Although DeMAID requires an investment of time to generate and refine the list of modules for input, it could save a considerable amount of money and time in the total design process, particularly in new design problems where the ordering of the modules has not been defined. The decomposition of a complex design system into subsystems requires the judgement of the design manager. DeMAID reorders and groups the modules based on the links (interactions) among the modules, helping the design manager make decomposition decisions early in the design cycle. The modules are grouped into circuits (the subsystems) and displayed in an N x N matrix format. Feedback links, which indicate an iterative process, are minimized and only occur within a subsystem. Since there are no feedback links among the circuits, the circuits can be displayed in a multilevel format. Thus, a large amount of information is reduced to one or two displays which are stored for later retrieval and modification. The design manager and leaders of the design teams then have a visual display of the design problem and the intricate interactions among the different modules. The design manager could save a substantial

  10. DEMAID - A DESIGN MANAGER'S AID FOR INTELLIGENT DECOMPOSITION (SGI IRIS VERSION)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, J. L.

    1994-01-01

    Many engineering systems are large and multi-disciplinary. Before the design of new complex systems such as large space platforms can begin, the possible interactions among subsystems and their parts must be determined. Once this is completed the proposed system can be decomposed to identify its hierarchical structure. DeMAID (A Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition) is a knowledge-based system for ordering the sequence of modules and identifying a possible multilevel structure for the design problem. DeMAID displays the modules in an N x N matrix format (called a design structure matrix) where a module is any process that requires input and generates an output. (Modules which generate an output but do not require an input, such as an initialization process, are also acceptable.) Although DeMAID requires an investment of time to generate and refine the list of modules for input, it could save a considerable amount of money and time in the total design process, particularly in new design problems where the ordering of the modules has not been defined. The decomposition of a complex design system into subsystems requires the judgement of the design manager. DeMAID reorders and groups the modules based on the links (interactions) among the modules, helping the design manager make decomposition decisions early in the design cycle. The modules are grouped into circuits (the subsystems) and displayed in an N x N matrix format. Feedback links, which indicate an iterative process, are minimized and only occur within a subsystem. Since there are no feedback links among the circuits, the circuits can be displayed in a multilevel format. Thus, a large amount of information is reduced to one or two displays which are stored for later retrieval and modification. The design manager and leaders of the design teams then have a visual display of the design problem and the intricate interactions among the different modules. The design manager could save a substantial

  11. Military and Private Sector Commodity Outlets: A Retail Price Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    89 6. Del Monte Bananas, 1 lb. .34 .49 7. Sunkist Oranges , 1 lb. .37 .56 8. Minute Maid Frozen Lemon Juice, 6 fl. oz. .25 .41 9. Red Delicious Apples...continued Prices Iter Commissary Safeway 47. Marlboro Cigarettes, Carton 5.28 7.99 48. Carnation Evaporated Milk, Canned, 13 fl. oz. .46 .47 49. Gerber...1 lb. .90 1.29 80. Jimmy Dean Pork Sausage, 16 oz. 1.53 2.49 81. Minute Maid Frozen Orange Juice, 12 f!. oz. .97 .99 TOTAL $114.70 $152.23 1. Sale

  12. Changes in El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions during the Greenland Stadial 1 (GS-1) chronozone revealed by New Zealand tree-rings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Jonathan G.; Turney, Chris S. M.; Cook, Edward R.; Fenwick, Pavla; Thomas, Zoë; Helle, Gerhard; Jones, Richard; Clement, Amy; Hogg, Alan; Southon, John; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Staff, Richard; Muscheler, Raimund; Corrège, Thierry; Hua, Quan

    2016-12-01

    The warming trend at the end of the last glacial was disrupted by rapid cooling clearly identified in Greenland (Greenland Stadial 1 or GS-1) and Europe (Younger Dryas Stadial or YD). This reversal to glacial-like conditions is one of the best known examples of abrupt change but the exact timing and global spatial extent remain uncertain. Whilst the wider Atlantic region has a network of high-resolution proxy records spanning GS-1, the Pacific Ocean suffers from a scarcity of sub-decadally resolved sequences. Here we report the results from an investigation into a tree-ring chronology from northern New Zealand aimed at addressing the paucity of data. The conifer tree species kauri (Agathis australis) is known from contemporary studies to be sensitive to regional climate changes. An analysis of a 'historic' 452-year kauri chronology confirms a tropical-Pacific teleconnection via the El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO). We then focus our study on a 1010-year sub-fossil kauri chronology that has been precisely dated by comprehensive radiocarbon dating and contains a striking ring-width downturn between ∼12,500 and 12,380 cal BP within GS-1. Wavelet analysis shows a marked increase in ENSO-like periodicities occurring after the downturn event. Comparison to low- and mid-latitude Pacific records suggests a coherency with ENSO and Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation change during this period. The driver(s) for this climate event remain unclear but may be related to solar changes that subsequently led to establishment and/or increased expression of ENSO across the mid-latitudes of the Pacific, seemingly independent of the Atlantic and polar regions.

  13. Changes in El Nino - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions during the Younger Dryas revealed by New Zealand tree-rings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Jonathan; Turney, Chris; Cook, Edward; Fenwick, Pavla; Thomas, Zoë; Helle, Gerhard; Jones, Richard; Clement, Amy; Hogg, Alan; Southon, John; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Staff, Richard; Muscheler, Raimund; Corrège, Thierry; Hua, Quan

    2017-04-01

    The warming trend at the end of the last glacial was disrupted by rapid cooling clearly identified in Greenland (Greenland Stadial 1 or GS-1) and Europe (Younger Dryas Stadial or YD). This reversal to glacial-like conditions is one of the best known examples of abrupt change but the exact timing and global spatial extent remains uncertain. Whilst the wider Atlantic region has a network of high-resolution proxy records spanning the YD, the Pacific Ocean suffers from a scarcity of sub-decadally resolved sequences. Here we report the results from an investigation into a tree-ring chronology from northern New Zealand aimed at addressing the paucity of data. The conifer tree species kauri (Agathis australis) is known from contemporary studies to be sensitive to regional climate changes. An analysis of a 'historic' 452-year kauri chronology confirms a tropical-Pacific teleconnection via the El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO). We then focus our study to a 1010-year subfossil kauri chronology that has been precisely dated by comprehensive radiocarbon dating and contains a striking ring-width downturn between 12,500 to 12,380 cal BP within the YD. Wavelet analysis shows a marked increase in ENSO-like periodicities occurring after the downturn event. Comparison to low- and mid-latitude Pacific records suggests a coherency in the changes to ENSO and Southern Hemisphere westerly airflow during this period. The drivers for this climate event remain unclear but may be related to solar changes that subsequently led to establishment and/or increased expression of ENSO across the mid-latitudes of the Pacific, seemingly independent of the Atlantic and polar regions.

  14. Soil microbial community structure and diversity are largely influenced by soil pH and nutrient quality in 78-year-old tree plantations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoqi; Guo, Zhiying; Chen, Chengrong; Jia, Zhongjun

    2017-04-01

    Forest plantations have been recognised as a key strategy management tool for stocking carbon (C) in soils, thereby contributing to climate warming mitigation. However, long-term ecological consequences of anthropogenic forest plantations on the community structure and diversity of soil microorganisms and the underlying mechanisms in determining these patterns are poorly understood. In this study, we selected 78-year-old tree plantations that included three coniferous tree species (i.e. slash pine, hoop pine and kauri pine) and a eucalypt species in subtropical Australia. We investigated the patterns of community structure, and the diversity of soil bacteria and eukaryotes by using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA genes. We also measured the potential methane oxidation capacity under different tree species. The results showed that slash pine and Eucalyptus significantly increased the dominant taxa of bacterial Acidobacteria and the dominant taxa of eukaryotic Ascomycota, and formed clusters of soil bacterial and eukaryotic communities, which were clearly different from the clusters under hoop pine and kauri pine. Soil pH and nutrient quality indicators such as C : nitrogen (N) and extractable organic C : extractable organic N were key factors in determining the patterns of soil bacterial and eukaryotic communities between the different tree species treatments. Slash pine and Eucalyptus had significantly lower soil bacterial and eukaryotic operational taxonomical unit numbers and lower diversity indices than kauri pine and hoop pine. A key factor limitation hypothesis was introduced, which gives a reasonable explanation for lower diversity indices under slash pine and Eucalyptus. In addition, slash pine and Eucalyptus had a higher soil methane oxidation capacity than the other tree species. These results suggest that significant changes in soil microbial communities may occur in response to chronic disturbance by tree plantations, and highlight

  15. epartment of Theatre Arts, niversity of ort Harcourt, Nigeria The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    MORA ARAB ES OF AFRICAN O AR FI MS: COMM NICATING GOS E A ... paper reviews the challenges of pastoral and theological communications in ..... They felt that for a rince to desire to marry the poor girl, a maid for that matter, is a condescension from glory to poverty because they are of two worlds apart. But the man ...

  16. Eesti keskkonnaspetsialistid käisid Briti kaitseväe polügooni uudistamas / Mari-Anne Leht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leht, Mari-Anne, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti keskkonna- ja kaitseministeeriumi spetsialistid tutvusid Suurbritannia ja Põhja-Iiri Ühendkuningriigi suurima ja tuntuima sõjaväepolügooniga Salisbury Plainis. Delegatsioon kohtus ka Briti kaitsejõudude maid haldava kinnisvaraameti esindajaga. Lisa: Salisbury Plaini polügoon. Kommenteerib kaitseväe lahingukooli ülem kapten Veljo Raide

  17. NEW JULY SAHARA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Winnie

    Abdoulaye Sidibé Wade is a medical doctor specialising in public health and sociology. He is currently in charge of the Division ... as men who have sex with men (MSM) and community sex workers (CSW). Catherine Enel is a free-lance .... aged 10 - 29 years left to work as maids in the major cities of Senegal. Seventy per ...

  18. The Fashion Police: Never out of Fashion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Dudley

    2004-01-01

    Some readers will recall Newhart, Bob Newhart's television series from 1982 to 1990. In it, he played Dick Ludon, a New Yorker who moved to Vermont with his wife to run an inn. Stephanie Vanderkellen, a snotty, rich, young woman, worked there as a maid to appease her parents. Her boyfriend, Michael, was not rich but was as snobbish as she was.…

  19. Microbial handflora of nursing services workers in a Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Overall, 38% of the cultures yielded growth, while 52% of the nurses yielded growth as against 75% of the ward-maids. The bacterial isolates are Staphylococcus aureus (27%), Coagulase negative Staphylococci (20%), Bacillus alvei (17%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4%). Out of the S. aureus isolates, 92.6% of them ...

  20. The theatre of war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitte M Holzner

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Narrating the fate of the women of Troy, the Greek playwright Euripides provided the script for modern warfare: the murdered children of Hekuba, the sexual slavery of Briseis, Andromache as war prey, Polyxena burned as a sacrifice and Kassandra raped and made bed-maid of the Greek warlord, Agamemnon.

  1. A Study of Imperial Maids’ Life Through Tang’s Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Article observed the life of Tang’s imperial maids through the poetry of Tang Dynasty. . Imperial maids were started from Sui Dynasty, especially Emperor Sui Yangdi’s period, and Tang’s imperial maids were many. Emperor with various kind of reasons, in most every year would choose some girls and took them into his palace and they worked as imperial maids. They were girls from ordinary people, respectable, and noble families. Those girls who once entered imperial palace, theyb would be very hard to come out. They had to obey the regulation in the palace. Through some poetry it could be portrayed the imperial maids’ lifetime in serving the emperor,imperial concubines and got rest after midnight. Except for working, they weren’t able to come out from palace, they couldn’t go home to visit their family, even got married, their lives were full of loneliness. If they were sick, or old, the emperor wouldn’t like them anymore, they would be sent away anytime. Even if they left imperial palace, and got their freedom, but most of them lived tragically. 

  2. An Evaluation of Manpower Training Needs in the Hotel-Restaurant Industry on Kauai, 1968, with Recommendations on Programs, Sources of Students, Instructors, and Funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Robert W.

    This report, requested and funded by a committee of community leaders, investigates the recruiting, training and employment of cooks, waitresses, maids, and small business managers needed on the island of Kauai through the year 1973. Projected increases in tourism and hotel construction indicate substantial need for well trained personnel. Courses…

  3. Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP): 2006 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    messages (49,630 men, 14,536 women). Condom services were provided through 440 dispensing points (mess toilets , hospitals waiting rooms, clinics, bars...orientation workshops for 41 members of its support staff, including maids, laundry, mortuary , kitchen, and laboratory staff. In April 2006, a follow

  4. Krimmi-Rita juubelituur Eestimaal / Enda Trubok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trubok, Enda

    2010-01-01

    Kontši-Savva ehk Krasnodarka küla eesti seltsi esinaisel Rita Kadilkinal (neiupõlvenimi Kuusk), kelle esivanemad 1862. aastal Järvamaalt – Albu vallast – Krimmi paremaid maid otsima läksid, täitus septembris 70 eluaastat, mille puhul otsustaski ta Eestisse tulla

  5. 24 CFR 266.205 - Ineligible projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... kitchens and dining rooms with food service or mandatory services. (d) Nursing homes or intermediate care... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES... services such as room service for food and beverages, maid service, furnishing and laundering of linens, or...

  6. Analysis of the capacity to produce IL-3 in murine AIDS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neuenschwander, A U; Marker, O; Thomsen, Allan Randrup

    1994-01-01

    Adult C57BL/6 mice infected with LP-BM5 murine leukaemia virus represent a model of murine AIDS (MAIDS). In this study we have analysed the capacity of CD4+ T cells from infected mice to produce IL-3 following stimulation with ConA for 24-72 h. In contrast to the position with IL-2, the production...

  7. Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada: An Ethical Analysis of Conscientious and Religious Objections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christie, Timothy

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Supreme Court of Canada (SCC has ruled that the federal government is required to remove the provisions of the Criminal Code of Canada that prohibit medical assistance in dying (MAID. The SCC has stipulated that individual physicians will not be required to provide MAID should they have a religious or conscientious objection. Therefore, the pending legislative response will have to balance the rights of the patients with the rights of physicians, other health care professionals, and objecting institutions. Objective: The objective of this paper is to critically assess, within the Canadian context, the moral probity of individual or institutional objections to MAID that are for either religious or conscientious reasons. Methods: Deontological ethics and the Doctrine of Double Effect. Results: The religious or conscientious objector has conflicting duties, i.e., a duty to respect the “right to life” (section 7 of the Charter and a duty to respect the tenets of his or her religious or conscientious beliefs (protected by section 2 of the Charter. Conclusion: The discussion of religious or conscientious objections to MAID has not explicitly considered the competing duties of the conscientious objector. It has focussed on the fact that a conscientious objection exists and has ignored the normative question of whether the duty to respect one’s conscience or religion supersedes the duty to respect the patient’s right to life.

  8. Baltimaade sõbrad või huvid? / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2006-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on teeninud Euroopa Liidu uute liikmesriikide juhtiva eestkõneleja reputatsiooni. T.H. Ilves näeb Eesti, Läti ja Leedu koostöö inspiratsiooniallikana Beneluxi maid. Artikli autori arvates on alaline ja institutsionaalne koostöövorm Balti riikide vahel ebareaalne

  9. JeS zhdjot ot Rossii podtverzhdenija / Marko Saaret

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaret, Marko

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni president Romano Prodi, välisasjade komissar Chris Patten ja kaubandusvolinik Pascal Lamy alustavad visiiti Moskvasse. Venemaalt oodatakse lõplikku kinnitust kirjutamaks alla partnerluse ja koostöö lepingu laienemisele uute EL-i riikidega enne 1. maid

  10. Jüri Pihl : märatsemiste kõrgpunkt on möödas / Jüri Pihl ; interv. Lemmi Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Jüri, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Siseminister Jüri Pihl Tallinna rahutuste organiseeritusest, kurjategijate kinnipidamisest ja karistamisest ning edaspidistest turvameetmetest. Vt. samas: Piret Reiljan. Savisaar: valitsus ajab valet poliitikat; Pronkssõdur pannakse taas püsti enne 9. maid; Sten-Aleks Pihlak. Veebileht aitab kurjategijaid leida

  11. The China She Knows, the China She Doesn't

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hvistendahl, Mara

    2008-01-01

    The Dandelion School educates children of migrant workers, refugees from peasant villages in central China who are vying for crumbs from Beijing's economic boom. Outside the school walls, they are heading to work as maids, laborers, and factory workers. For the children, this is a rare shot at upward mobility. Dandelion is among hundreds of…

  12. Uretfærdighedsstemning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2013-01-01

    Gustave Flaubert’s late short story ”A simple soul” from 1877 defies any expectation of poetic justice. Absolutely no justice is done to Mdm Aubain’s hard-working maid Félicité. Using Félicité’s sad case, this article will set out to rethink the theoretical approach to the relationship between...

  13. On the role of Susanna in Susanna: A Greimassian contribution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-06-30

    Jun 30, 2014 ... 107). The actors here are Joachim, Susanna, Susanna's father and mother, the two elders, God, the. Jewish people, Susanna's maids, Joachim's household servants, Susanna's children, the fictive young man, the unnamed daughters of Israel, Daniel and the angels. With regard to the roles that these actors ...

  14. Change Agent Survival Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Folwell L.

    2011-01-01

    Consulting is a rough racket. Only a tarantula hair above IRS agents, meter maids and used car sales people, the profession is a prickly burr for slings and arrows. Throw in education, focus on dysfunctional schools and call oneself a "change agent," and this bad rap all but disappears. Unfortunately, though, consulting/coaching/mentoring in…

  15. Has the HIV/AIDS epidemic changed sexual behaviour of high risk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These include commercial sex workers, street children, long haul truck drivers, bar maids and adolescents in three towns of Uganda (Kabale, Kampala, Lira). Results:Results indicate that despite the HIV/AIDS epidemic, these groups had only changed their sexual behaviour a little, and they reported to be continuing with ...

  16. Original Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    home

    2014-06-26

    Jun 26, 2014 ... skills needed to manage normal pregnancies, childbirth ... the last 15-20 years offer no indication that adequate change is imminent. To improve maternal health rapidly in regions where births in the home without .... *Amhara, Gurage, Tigire ** House maid, private self-employment, merchant, daily laborer.

  17. Rattarändurid : naistel on mõistlik mehed aeg-ajalt kodust ära lasta / Greta Kaupmees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaupmees, Greta

    2007-01-01

    Täna hommikul stardib Terevisiooni ärataja Priit Kuusk koos viie ränduriga Tallinnast Katmandusse, et sealt edasi asuda maid avastama jalgratastel. Seiklejatel on plaanis sõita nelja kuuga ligi 4000 kilomeetrit ehk Katmandust Teherani. Rattaretkest valmib ETV-s taas dokumentaalsari "Ehh, uhhuduur"

  18. Teenage Students' Behavioural Problems and Consequent Low ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The negative behaviour of teenage students in Nigeria in recent times has become a source of concern to parents and society. The general observation is that children are often left entirely to the care of maids as parents have abandoned their primary assignment of proper child upbringing in pursuit of material and ...

  19. 26 CFR 1.132-2 - No-additional-cost services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... capacity services such as hotel accommodations; transportation by aircraft, train, bus, subway, or cruise... transportation). Similarly, maid service provided to hotel employees renting hotel rooms on a space-available basis is merely incidental to the primary service being provided (i.e., hotel accommodations). (6...

  20. Original Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    home

    2014-06-26

    Jun 26, 2014 ... The objective of the study was to identify factors affecting utilization of prenatal care and ... crucial factor which affects the health and wellbeing of the mother and newborn and help the women to ..... 1. *House maid, private self-employment, merchant, daily laborer and **Unemployed, Daily Laborer, Student ...

  1. Immunotherapy of murine retrovirus-induced acquired immunodeficiency by CD4 T regulatory cell depletion and PD-1 blockade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; Green, William R

    2011-12-01

    LP-BM5 retrovirus induces a complex disease featuring an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome termed murine AIDS (MAIDS) in susceptible strains of mice, such as C57BL/6 (B6). CD4 T helper effector cells are required for MAIDS induction and progression of viral pathogenesis. CD8 T cells are not needed for viral pathogenesis, but rather, are essential for protection from disease in resistant strains, such as BALB/c. We have discovered an immunodominant cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope encoded in a previously unrecognized LP-BM5 retroviral alternative (+1 nucleotide [nt]) gag translational open reading frame. CTLs specific for this cryptic gag epitope are the basis of protection from LP-BM5-induced immunodeficiency in BALB/c mice, and the inability of B6 mice to mount an anti-gag CTL response appears critical to the initiation and progression of LP-BM5-induced MAIDS. However, uninfected B6 mice primed by LP-BM5-induced tumors can generate CTL responses to an LP-BM5 retrovirus infection-associated epitope(s) that is especially prevalent on such MAIDS tumor cells, indicating the potential to mount a protective CD8 T-cell response. Here, we utilized this LP-BM5 retrovirus-induced disease system to test whether modulation of normal immune down-regulatory mechanisms can alter retroviral pathogenesis. Thus, following in vivo depletion of CD4 T regulatory (Treg) cells and/or selective interruption of PD-1 negative signaling in the CD8 T-cell compartment, retroviral pathogenesis was significantly decreased, with the combined treatment of CD4 Treg cell depletion and PD-1 blockade working in a synergistic fashion to substantially reduce the induction of MAIDS.

  2. Hadronic deuteron polarizability contribution the hyperfine structure in muonic deuterium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eskin A.V.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The calculation of the contribution to the polarizability of the nucleus to hyperfine structure of muonic hydrogen is carried out within the unitary isobar model and on the basis of experimental data on the structure functions of deep inelastic lepton-proton and lepton-deuteron scattering. The calculation of virtual absorption cross sections of transversely and longitudinally polarized photons by nucleons in the resonance region is performed in the framework of the program MAID.

  3. Mathematical model of vertical mass transport in the mine dumps Western Donbass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevhrashkina T.P.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The multivariate mathematical models of the recultivated, recultivated and dumping with dry system, recultivated in systematically irrigation conditions and free of overgrowth by wild plants are proposed, designed and quantified. The theory of physico-chemical hydrodynamics of pore space using analytical and numerical methods for solving the equations of motion and mass conservation of matter all models are based on. The adequacy of built models and man-maid processes that proceed inside the mine dumps is proved.

  4. Prediction of Equipment Failures by Acoustical Signature Analysis - Phase 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-12-01

    are present. Depot MAIDS is a computerized test system used in instrumented dynamometer cells at Letterkenny Army Depot. Many pressure, temperature...and a portable dynamometer are used so that the unit is mobile. 2 -.. STEAP-MT-G SUBJECT: Final Letter Report of Phase I of Prediction of Equipment...tree structure is that of clustering. It is desirable to define the smaller subclasses (e.g. sticking valves and loose wrist pins) to be grouped together

  5. Techniques and Tools Providing Strategic Decision Support: A Framework, Review, and Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-01

    Unconscious. London: Pantheon. Mazur, A., 1984. Media influences in public attitudes toward nuclear power. In: W. R. Freudenberg and E. A. Rosa (eds...softwre 19] The software is compatible with: - IBM PC, 128K, 2 floppy disks, colour VDU , printer - operating systems: DOS - data base systems: LOIUS...Amsterdam: North Holland, 1983. Rosa , et. al. Applications of Slim-MAID. NUREG/CR4016: US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. 24] KEYWORDS: Preference

  6. The Effect of Branding on the Success or Failure of Nonviolent Mass Movements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    Newspapers began to fill with letters to the editor from white women wondering, if they fired their maids, would the mayor wash their dishes?97 In...within the movement. However, the full speech was printed the next day in the Montgomery Advertiser and would have been quickly disseminated throughout...became frustrated with the amount of time it took to make simple decisions. For instance, a discussion over whether to purchase coffee and what type of

  7. Organ donation after medical assistance in dying or cessation of life-sustaining treatment requested by conscious patients: the Canadian context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allard, Julie; Fortin, Marie-Chantal

    2017-09-01

    In June 2016, following the decision of the Supreme Court of Canada to decriminalise assistance in dying, the Canadian government enacted Bill C-14, legalising medical assistance in dying (MAID). In 2014, the province of Quebec had passed end-of-life care legislation making MAID available as of December 2015. The availability of MAID has many implications, including the possibility of combining this practice with organ donation through the controlled donation after cardiac death (cDCD) protocol. cDCD most often occurs in cases where the patient has a severe neurological injury but does not meet all the criteria for brain death. The donation is subsequent to the decision to withdraw life-sustaining treatment (LST). Cases where patients are conscious prior to the withdrawal of LST are unusual, and have raised doubts as to the acceptability of removing organs from individuals who are not neurologically impaired and who have voluntarily chosen to die. These cases can be compared with likely scenarios in which patients will request both MAID and organ donation. In both instances, patients will be conscious and competent. Organ donation in such contexts raises ethical issues regarding respect for autonomy, societal pressure, conscientious objections and the dead-donor rule. In this article, we look at relevant policies in other countries and examine the ethical issues associated with cDCD in conscious patients who choose to die. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  8. Ambient Noise and Surface Wave Dissipation in the Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-21

    of Civil & Enviromnental Engineering I 2 I IACKNOWLEDGMENTS In one of my favorite Star Trek episodes, Captain Jean-Luc Picard realizes that his life is...enjoyable place because of than I will miss the many frends I maide at the Internet Filipino culture newsgroup, (socculture~filipirko). I will. mins the...addition, we 3 will use these 1ft to obtain empirical relatioships between these Parameters3 Befr proceedin to a discussion of the field experiment and

  9. Novel Approaches for Targeting Antiviral Agents in the Treatment of Arena-, Bunya-, Flavi-, and Retroviral Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-22

    delivery of antivirals and immunostimulants. However, these vehicles have some limitations as targeting agents in that they are compartmentalized primarily...intramuscular inoculation (0.5 ml, approximately 5 X 10 PFU) into the upper forearm . Dengue virus was inoculated into male S. sciureus monkeys which were...in mice with a retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency syndrome , MAIDS. J. Immunol. 140:1123-1131. 15) Meister, A., G. Uze’, K. Mogensen, I. Gresser, M.G

  10. In vitro Expression and Mutagenesis of a Gene for Corticotropin Releasing Factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-31

    AS RPT 0 DTIC USERS (U) 22a NAME OF RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL 22b. TELEPHONE (Include Area Code) 22c OFFICE SYMBOL Dr. J.A. Maide (2n?) AQA -4097 nNR DD...the release of ACTH from pituitary cells. We will pursue this goal using a recently described and novel technique of molecular biology to synthesize...of Pharmacology Depts. of Biology & Psychology Univ. of Pennsylvania Georgia State University School of Medicine Atlanta, GA 30303 36th and Hamilton

  11. Tinder and Fire. Determinants of Sexual Behaviour for Domestic Servants in XVIII Century Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Santiago Baldellou Monclús

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the position of domestic workers between the late seventeenth and early nineteenth centuries in order to determine what their situation facing the dilemma of preserving their honor in an, usually, hostile enviroment and the social imperative of courting and got married placed on them. The Spanish domestic service in the Old Regime Spain, specially the maids, was exposed to plenty of risks. Sexual harassement was by far one of the most common. This happening could appear in several forms, since an originally consented relationship until crimes such as raping. Through this paper, we annalyze the most common servant ´s sexual conducts based on the court documentation for the XVII and XVIII centuries by analyzing the conflicts reflected in these sources. Maids precariousness, their legal resources and the society perspective over their position are the issues adressed in the paper searching for a overview of the servant´s sexual dangers and its consequences as well as the maid's strategies in openly hostile ambient.

  12. Inadequacy, Impurity and Infidelity; Modifying the Modified Brendel Alpha-Cellulose Extraction Method for Resinous Woods in Stable Isotope Dendroclimatology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookman, T. H.; Whittaker, T. E.; King, P. L.; Horton, T. W.

    2011-12-01

    Stable isotope dendroclimatology is a burgeoning field in palaeoclimate science due to its unique potential to contribute (sub)annually resolved climate records, over millennial timescales, to the terrestrial palaeoclimate record. Until recently the time intensive methods precluded long-term climate reconstructions. Advances in continuous-flow mass spectrometry and isolation methods for α-cellulose (ideal for palaeoclimate studies as, unlike other wood components, it retains its initial isotopic composition) have made long-term, calendar dated palaeoclimate reconstructions a viable proposition. The Modified Brendel (mBrendel) α-cellulose extraction method is a fast, cost-effective way of preparing whole-wood samples for stable oxygen and carbon isotope analysis. However, resinous woods often yield incompletely processed α-cellulose using the standard mBrendel approach. As climate signals may be recorded by small (<1%) isotopic shifts it is important to investigate if incomplete processing affects the accuracy and precision of tree-ring isotopic records. In an effort to address this methodological issue, we investigated three highly resinous woods: kauri (Agathis australis), ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) and huon pine (Lagarastrobus franklinii). Samples of each species were treated with 16 iterations of the mBrendel, varying reaction temperature, time and reagent volumes. Products were investigated using microscopic and bulk transmission Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FITR) to reveal variations in the level of processing; poorly-digested fibres display a peak at 1520cm-1 suggesting residual lignin and a peak at ~1600cm-1 in some samples suggests retained resin. Despite the different levels of purity, replicate analyses of samples processed by high temperature digestion yielded consistent δ18O within and between experiments. All α-cellulose samples were 5-7% enriched compared to the whole-wood, suggesting that even incomplete processing at high

  13. Eruption-related lahars and sedimentation response downstream of Mount Hood: Field guide to volcaniclastic deposits along the Sandy River, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, Tom C.; Scott, William E.; Vallance, James W.; Pringle, Patrick T.; O'Connor, Jim; Dorsey, Rebecca; Madin, Ian

    2009-01-01

    Late Holocene dome-building eruptions at Mount Hood during the Timberline and Old Maid eruptive periods resulted in numerous dome-collapse pyroclastic flows and lahars that moved large volumes of volcaniclastic sediment into temporary storage in headwater canyons of the Sandy River. During each eruptive period, accelerated sediment loading to the river through erosion and remobilization of volcanic fragmental debris resulted in very high sediment-transport rates in the Sandy River during rain- and snowmelt-induced floods. Large sediment loads in excess of the river's transport capacity led to channel aggradation, channel widening, and change to a braided channel form in the lowermost reach of the river, between 61 and 87 km downstream from the volcano. The post-eruption sediment load moved as a broad bed-material wave, which in the case of the Old Maid eruption took ~2 decades to crest 83 km downstream. Maximum post-eruption aggradation levels of at least 28 and 23 m were achieved in response to Timberline and Old Maid eruptions. In each case, downstream aggradation cycles were initiated by lahars, but the bulk of the aggradation was achieved by fluvial sediment transport and deposition. When the high rates of sediment supply began to diminish, the river degraded, incising the channel fills and forming progressively lower sets of degradational terraces. A variety of debris-flow, hyperconcentrated-flow, and fluvial (upper and lower flow regime) deposits record the downstream passage of the sediment waves that were initiated by these eruptions. The deposits also presage a hazard that may be faced by communities along the Sandy River when volcanic activity at Mount Hood resumes.

  14. [Jesuits Chemists of Hapsburg Monarchy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Južnič, Stanislav

    2016-01-01

    The achievements of the Jesuits from the Austrian and Bohemian provinces, who have published books on chemistry are focused. Their links with the area of today's Slovenia are particularly exposed. The guidelines which have enabled prompt victories of the ideas about the structure of matter of Jesuit Ru|er Bokovi are indicated. Inconceivable fast spread of Bošković's adherents in the Hapsburg monarchy is compared with a similar rapid introduction of the kinetic theories of atoms of Slovene Jožef Stefan and Ludwig Boltzmann in the same geographical area. Boltzmann was not only Stefan's best student, but he also married a half Slovenian maid.

  15. First measurement of the helicity-dependent vector gamma)vector(p)->p eta differential cross-section

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrens, J; Aulenbacher, K; Beck, R; Drechsel, D; Von Harrach, D; Heid, E; Altieri, S; Annand, J R M; Anton, G; Bradtke, C; Görtz, S; Harmsen, J; Braghieri, A; D'Hose, N; Dutz, H; Grabmayr, P; Hansen, K; Hasegawa, S; Hasegawa, T; Helbing, K; Holvoet, H; Van Hoorebeke, L; Horikawa, N; Iwata, T; Jahn, O; Jennewein, P; Kageya, T; Kiel, B; Klein, F; Kondratiev, R; Kossert, K; Krimmer, J; Lang, M; Lannoy, B; Leukel, R; Lisin, V; Matsuda, T; McGeorge, J C; Meier, A; Menze, D; Meyer, Werner T; Michel, T; Naumann, J; Panzeri, A; Pedroni, P; Pinelli, T; Preobrajenski, I; Radtke, E; Reichert, E; Reicherz, G; Rohlof, C; Rosner, G; Ryckbosch, D; Sauer, M C; Schoch, B; Schumacher, M; Seitz, B; Speckner, T; Takabayashi, N; Tamas, G; Thomas, A; Van De Vyver, R; Wakai, A; Weihofen, W; Wissmann, F; Zapadtka, F; Zeitler, G

    2003-01-01

    The helicity dependence of the vector(gamma)vector(p)->p eta reaction has been measured for the first time at a center-of-mass angle theta sup * subeta=70 in the photon energy range from 780 MeV to 790 MeV. The experiment, performed at the Mainz microtron MAMI, used a 4 pi-detector system, a circularly polarized, tagged photon beam, and a longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target. The helicity 3/2 cross-section is found to be small and the results for helicity 1/2 agree with predictions from the MAID analysis. (orig.)

  16. Reconstitution of the Base Force of 1995: Plan or Placebo

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-14

    Reagan and Buuh thin proved to be a significant factor in breakig die maid’ of badlian oal iltay ui-epradareuh wiih 6s, bk*al soccuassM perfoanence of... Contingecy . Based ondtha perceptioun, many Pentagon Mtfe haw concerns that Conupes wil use, recoI "u"i uIo as a basis to soek addItIona cuts Inua di...lagou- Ibis documat look at vriou aspects of an Amay wrcomdilai state, two of which provide important u"clusifld guidm=eamon cadre pmrocuzt. Th firs

  17. Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2

    CERN Document Server

    Laveissière, G; Jaminion, S; Jutier, C; Todor, L; Di Salvo, R; Van Hoorebeke, L; Alexa, L C; Anderson, B D; Aniol, K A; Arundell, K; Audit, G; Auerbach, L; Baker, F T; Baylac, M; Berthot, J; Bertin, P Y; Bertozzi, W; Bimbot, L; Böglin, W; Brash, E J; Breton, V; Breuer, H; Burtin, E; Calarco, J R; Cardman, L S; Cavata, C; Chang, C C; Chen, J P; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Dale, D S; De Jager, C W; De Leo, R; Deur, A; D'Hose, N; Dodge, G E; Domingo, John J; Elouadrhiri, L; Epstein, M B; Ewell, L A; Finn, J M; Fissum, K G; Fonvieille, H; Fournier, G; Frois, B; Frullani, S; Furget, C; Gao, H; Gao, J; Garibaldi, F; Gasparian, A; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, A; Glashausser, C; Gómez, J; Gorbenko, V; Grenier, P; Guichon, P A M; Hansen, J O; Holmes, R; Holtrop, M; Howell, C; Huber, G M; Hyde-Wright, C E; Incerti, S; Iodice, M; Jardillier, J; Jones, M K; Kahl, W; Kamalov, S; Kato, S; Katramatou, A T; Kelly, J J; Kerhoas, S; Ketikyan, A; Khayat, M; Kino, K; Kox, S; Kramer, L H; Kumar, K S; Kumbartzki, G; Kuss, M; Leone, A; Le Rose, J J; Liang, M; Lindgren, R A; Liyanage, N K; Lolos, G J; Lourie, R W; Madey, R; Maeda, K; Malov, S; Manley, D M; Marchand, C; Marchand, D; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; Marroncle, J; Martino, J; McCormick, K; McIntyre, J; Mehrabyan, S S; Merchez, F; Meziani, Z E; Michaels, R; Miller, G W; Mougey, J Y; Nanda, S K; Neyret, D; Offermann, E; Papandreou, Z; Perdrisat, C F; Perrino, R; Petratos, G G; Platchkov, S; Pomatsalyuk, R I; Prout, D L; Punjabi, V A; Pussieux, T; Quéméner, G; Ransome, R D; Ravel, O; Real, J S; Renard, F; Roblin, Y; Rowntree, D; Rutledge, G; Rutt, P M; Saha, A; Saitô, T; Sarty, A J; Serdarevic, A; Smith, T; Smirnov, G; Soldi, K; Sorokin, P; Souder, P A; Suleiman, R; Templon, J A; Terasawa, T; Tiator, L; Tieulent, R; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E; Tsubota, H; Ueno, H; Ulmer, P E; Urciuoli, G M; Van De Vyver, R; Van, R L J; der Meer; Vernin, P; Vlahovic, B; Voskanyan, H; Voutier, E; Watson, J W; Weinstein, L B; Wijesooriya, K; Wilson, R; Wojtsekhowski, B B; Zainea, D G; Zhang, W M; Zhao, J; Zhou, Z L

    2004-01-01

    Backward exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons has been measured at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The azimuthally separated differential cross sections sigma_T + epsilon * sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT from this experiment are presented together with the MAID2000 and SAID parametrizations.

  18. Net Shape Technology in Aerospace Structures. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-01

    composed o f man \\ smll decta-ilI parIt s maid cI n sta I f: J1r om o ne p re cisi o n ’or-g In g. The cst I im tcd savNIn)g s -Ic h i c \\ e d M...metal I I orgy materialIs baised onl ra pid sol idi ficatIIon tech nology . Conser\\ at I nn ofC miatcr Ial s i n its own ri gh t is not genicrall a 1 1P r

  19. Gulf War Air Power Survey. Volume 3. Logistics and Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Fiht Months of Desert Shield/Desert Siorn, Appendix E. 90Conduct of the Persian Gulf War, p 413. 109 CINCMAC’S personal intervention to get twenty KC...Organiation, Bases, and Units’" Aola 0 A6.DP I No t 7 ]. WN U~f Mi MAID %"TAWP "N TA WP -maw im ONp MWe lowczar "mw ammm I k IVA 140 AL KAP .J ": NOTh: On 23...for diesel in tanks. The biggest operational problem cited was the lack of smoke -generating capability with JET A-I in tankG. Because diesel smokes

  20. United States Army Combat Units of the War in the Republic of Vietnam: 1966-73. A Preliminary List

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-04-01

    671 ?IBMUD GilD PH’i BI RA30 CbX ill i.i1, bC UETW CL L 0.14111. 1 No P01%" L UG GROUP LO’IG MAID 964491 uMr)i i’ tj NOG CO ,% IMMUN IIII CAV DUGT QUAN...ol) CO ARMY dQ~TH 1AP GROUP LONG 9(1NII 96491 apC 616~ 4FD CO CLFARING 671’v MV.0 Gilt CHU LAX 96325 ;; b4l Sir, DET RADIO REPAIR 17T4 AVN GROUP

  1. Maa-ameti juht pogris, Reiljani tool kõigub / Villy Paimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paimets, Villy, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Seoses võimaliku ametialase kuriteoga maa-ametis vahistati kolm kahtlusalust: ameti peadirektor Kalev Kangur ja ärimehed Einar Vettus ning Tarmo Pedjasaar. Vt. samas: Küsimustele vastab Villu Reiljan; Airi Ilisson. Peaminister: Kõigepealt tuleb faktid selgeks teha; Peeter Raidla. Tullio Liblik: majaärist kinnisvarasse; Tarmo Pedjasaar: mitu ametit korraga; Kes on Kalev Kangur?; Kolk: olen ärimeeste vahistamisest nördinud; Kinnisvaraekspert: me ei valda kogu maavahetuse infot; Enne vahetust riigiga müüsid kahtlusalused maid omavahel

  2. [Care work in the health sector based on the psychodynamics of work and the care perspective: An interview with Pascale Molinier].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wlosko, Miriam; Ros, Cecilia

    2015-09-01

    This interview with Pascale Molinier was carried out in Buenos Aires in October 2014, in the context of activities organized by the Health and Work Program at the Department of Community Health of the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina. The interview explores the relationship between work and subjectivation, examining the role of work in the structuring of the psyche, in the dynamics of pleasure and suffering, and in the construction of gender identities. "Feminized" work - that of nurses, caregivers and maids, among others - is examined from a "care" perspective, analyzing its intrinsic invisibility and impossibility of being quantified and measured, which makes it a challenge to management-based logic.

  3. Command History. 1968. Volume 1. Sanitized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-01-01

    Base were apprehended and interrogated by GVN authorities. The maids were identified as Do Thi Tung, Phan Thi Soong . and Nguyen Thi Nho. Tung stated...their sister 36th Regt in eastern Quang Nam Province. The 1Z0th NVA Div remained north of the DMZ refitting; however, by the snd of the month agents...air effort, backed by the traditional Marine view on the use of close ground support and unequaled in effec- tiveness by any of the sister services. (S

  4. Gonadotropin promotion of adventitious root production on cuttings of Begonia semperflorens and Vitis vinifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leshem, Y; Lunenfeld, B

    1968-03-01

    Adventitious rooting of Begonia semperflorens cv. Indian Maid and Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon stem cuttings was significantly promoted by human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Basal sections of HCG treated cuttings upon which promoted rooting took place had markedly less endogenous gibberellin (GA) activity than non-treated controls or apical sections of treated ones, while changes in auxin levels were not found. HCG also inhibited GA(3)-induced reducing sugar release from embryoless barley endosperm halves. These findings are discussed in the light of a possible analogy to gonadotropin action in animal systems.

  5. Gonadotropin Promotion of Adventitious Root Production on Cuttings of Begonia semperflorens and Vitis vinifera 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leshem, Y.; Lunenfeld, B.

    1968-01-01

    Adventitious rooting of Begonia semperflorens cv. Indian Maid and Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon stem cuttings was significantly promoted by human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Basal sections of HCG treated cuttings upon which promoted rooting took place had markedly less endogenous gibberellin (GA) activity than non-treated controls or apical sections of treated ones, while changes in auxin levels were not found. HCG also inhibited GA3-induced reducing sugar release from embryoless barley endosperm halves. These findings are discussed in the light of a possible analogy to gonadotropin action in animal systems. PMID:5641189

  6. Weak η production off the nucleon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alam, M. Rafi; Athar, M. Sajjad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 002 (India); Alvarez-Ruso, L.; Vacas, M. J. Vicente [Departamento de Física Teórica and Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2015-05-15

    The weak η-meson production off the nucleon induced by (anti)neutrinos is studied at low and intermediate energies, the range of interest for several ongoing and future neutrino experiments. We consider Born diagrams and the excitation of N{sup *} (1535)S{sub 11} and N{sup *} (1650)S{sub 11} resonances. The vector part of the N-S{sub 11} transition form factors has been obtained from the MAID helicity amplitudes while the poorly known axial part is constrained with the help of the partial conservation of the axial current (PCAC) and assuming the pion-pole dominance of the pseudoscalar form factor.

  7. Radiocarbon dating with annual-resolution of subfossil trees from the Younger Dryas event in the southern French Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capano, Manuela; Miramont, Cécile; Guibal, Frédéric; Kromer, Bernd; Tuna, Thibaut; Fagault, Yoann; Bard, Edouard

    2017-04-01

    Tree rings are an important archive for the calibration of radiocarbon data. The younger part of the IntCal curve is based essentially on tree-ring chronologies, absolutely dated by dendrochronological analysis. For the Northern Hemisphere (NH), a gap still exists between the absolutely dated sequences and a floating chronology. Based on the Southern Hemisphere (SH) tree-ring chronologies a link has been previously proposed (Reimer et al. 2013, Radiocarbon; see also update in Hogg et al. 2016, Radiocarbon). By measuring radiocarbon at annual resolution in French subfossil pines (Pinus sylvestris L.) we propose to improve the connection between the absolute chronology and the floating chronology. Several subfossil pines have been found in the Southern French Alps; they were buried by flood deposits, allowing their preservation. Some trees discovered in the Barbier riverbed were dated to the Younger Dryas periods by previous decadal radiocarbon measurements, performed in Heidelberg and Mannheim. The trees selected for our new study are Barb12 and Barb17 (analyzed sequences of 163 and 152 rings, respectively). These sequences were sampled at annual resolution when permitted by the ring width. As a first step, every third ring was pretreated for radiocarbon analysis. These samples were sliced in small pieces and pretreated by using the ABA-B method before being combusted, graphitized with the AGE system and measured with AixMICADAS (Bard et al. 2015, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B). From the comparison with the kauri sequence, the Barb12-17 sequence can be dated from about 12835 to 12606 cal. BP. It can also be used to calculate the interhemispheric gradient (IHG) over the overlapping period. In order to reduce the inter-annual variability, the Barb12-17 record was smoothed, grouped and averaged over the same decades as in the Kauri record. On the basis of twenty values, a mean IHG value of ca. 60 years was calculated. Quantification of the IHG around 50 yr is particularly

  8. Interannual physiological responses of glacial trees to changes in atmospheric [CO2] since the Last Glacial Maximum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhart, L. M.; Harris, J. M.; Ward, J. K.

    2009-12-01

    During the Last Glacial Maximum, atmospheric [CO2] were as low as 180 ppm and have currently risen to a modern value of 385 ppm as a result of fossil fuel combustion and deforestation. In order to understand how changing [CO2] influenced the physiology of trees over the last 50,000 years, we analyzed carbon isotope ratios of individual tree rings from juniper wood specimens from the Rancho La Brea tar pits in southern California and kauri wood specimens from peat bogs in New Zealand (North Island). Modern trees from different altitudes were compared to account for changes in precipitation and temperature through time in order to isolate the effects of changing [CO2]. We hypothesized that over the last 50,000 years, the ratio of ci (intracellular [CO2]) to ca (atmospheric [CO2]) would be maintained within each species. Consequently, ci values would be significantly lower in glacial trees due to lower ca levels during the LGM. In addition, we hypothesized that low [CO2] (which does not vary between years during the LGM) dominated tree physiology during the LGM as evidenced by low levels of inter-annual variation in ci/ca ratios relative to modern trees (which are known to respond to high frequency variation in water and temperature between years). In both kauri and juniper trees, mean ci/ca values remained constant throughout 50,000 years despite major climatic and [CO2] changes, indicating that there is a long-term physiological set point in these species. Limitations on the ci values of glacial junipers suggest that 90 ppm CO2 represents a survival compensation point for this species. In addition, glacial trees showed very low inter-annual variation in ci/ca values compared to modern trees. This suggests that glacial tree physiology may have been dominated by low CO2 that was constant between years, whereas modern trees may be dominated by climatic factors that vary substantially between years. Consequently, while each species maintained mean ci/ca values over time

  9. [Living hysteria--hysteria in every day life and asyum psychiatry around 1900].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolte, Karen

    2005-01-01

    Hysteria has been mostly analysed with reference to the medical and intellectual discourse. The patient's view (Porter) has been solely included on the basis of published case histories. Historians have focussed particularly on the relation between famous psychiatrists or neurologists and "their" hysterics. The social circumstances of a maid's mental illness in 1913 are reconstructed. The servant Grete K. was admitted to the Landesheilanstalt Marburg (asylum of Marburg) with the diagnosis of "depressive hysteria". Her hysterical malady was traced back to her reading of the novel 'Ich lasse dich nicht' ('I won't let you go') written by the popular novelist Hedwig Courths-Mahler in 1912. Physicians and pedagogues at that time uniformly claimed the reading of pulp fiction to be dangerous for the nerves in general. Elaine Showalter has pointed out that in the 19th century hysteria was spread by "media infection". This historical analysis of Grete K.s medical record will seize and improve Showalters suggestion. The analysis of the maid's medical record is a part of a dissertation project on hysteria in every day life and psychiatric practice around 1900. The study has turned the attention on the process of negotiation between psychiatrists and hysterical women.

  10. Relationship of cytokines and cytokine signaling to immunodeficiency disorders in the mouse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morawetz R.A.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The contributions of cytokines to the development and progression of disease in a mouse model of retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency (MAIDS are controversial. Some studies have indicated an etiologic role for type 2 cytokines, while others have emphasized the importance of type 1 cytokines. We have used mice deficient in expression of IL-4, IL-10, IL-4 and IL-10, IFN-g, or ICSBP - a transcriptional protein involved in IFN signaling - to examine their contributions to this disorder. Our results demonstrate that expression of type 2 cytokines is an epiphenomenon of infection and that IFN-g is a driving force in disease progression. In addition, exogenously administered IL-12 prevents many manifestations of disease while blocking retrovirus expression. Interruption of the IFN signaling pathways in ICSBP-/- mice blocks induction of MAIDS. Predictably, ICSBP-deficient mice exhibit impaired responses to challenge with several other viruses. This immunodeficiency is associated with impaired production of IFN-g and IL-12. Unexpectedly, however, the ICSBP-/- mice also develop a syndrome with many similarities to chronic myelogenous leukemia in humans. The chronic phase of this disease is followed by a fatal blast crisis characterized by clonal expansions of undifferentiated cells. ICSBP is thus an important determinant of hematopoietic growth and differentiation as well as a prominent signaling molecule for IFNs

  11. Measurement of the unpolarized K{sup +}{lambda} and K{sup +}{sigma}{sup 0} electroproduction cross-section off the proton with KAOS-spectrometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Majos, Salvador

    2012-02-15

    The new stage of the Mainz Microtron, MAMI, at the Institute for Nuclear Physics of the Johannes Gutenberg-University, operational since 2007, allows open strangeness experiments to be performed. Covering the lack of electroproduction data at very low Q{sup 2}, p(e,K{sup +}){lambda} and p(e,K{sup +}){sigma}{sup 0}, reactions have been studied at Q{sup 2}=0.036 (GeV/c){sup 2} and Q{sup 2}=0.05(GeV/c){sup 2} in a large angular range. Cross-section at W=1.75 GeV are given in angular bins and compared with the predictions of Saclay-Lyon and Kaon Maid isobaric models. We conclude that the original Kaon-Maid model, which has large longitudinal couplings of the photon to nucleon resonances, is unphysical. Extensive studies for the suitability of silicon photomultipliers as read out devices for a scintillating fiber tracking detector, with potential applications in both positive and negative arms of the spectrometer, are presented as well.

  12. KONFLIK BATIN TOKOH ZAHRANA DALAM NOVEL CINTA SUCI ZAHRANA KARYA HABIBURRAHMAN ELSHIRAZY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diyan Permata Yanda, M.Pd

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reveal the structure of the novel and the inner conflict experienced Zahrana figures. Zahrana is a girl educated, intelligent, and achieving a dilemma when faced with the choice of pursuing goals, career, and marriage. Zahrana experienced inner conflict arises when there is a difference in her desire that want to continue education with the wishes of parents who want to get married. Her parents worried about her son would be called an old maid because never married. This concern stems from the view of society that a woman's primary duty is to be a mother to her children. Readers can reap the lessons of this novel with the existence of a series of character and his life journey.

  13. Thermal Calculations Of Input Coupler For Erl Injector

    CERN Document Server

    Sobenin, N P; Bogdanovich, B Yu; Kaminsky, V I; Krasnov, A A; Lalayan, M V; Veshcherevich, V G; Zavadtsev, A A; Zavadtsev, D A

    2004-01-01

    The thermal calculation results of input coupler for ERL injector cavities are presented [1]. A twin coaxial coupler of TTF-3 type was chosen for 2×75 kW RF power transfer. TTF-3 coupler was intended for high pulse and not high average power transmission, so there were revisings proposed in its design. New coupler configuration provides thermal leakage not more than 0.2 W at temperature 2.0K, 2 W at the temperature 4,0K and 50 W at temperature 80K. Construction revising was made at "cold" and "warm" bellows. In particularly, bellows separating was proposed to install additional heat sink. Coupler configuration with "warm" window of choke type was examined. It provides mechanical uncoupling of input waveguide and ceramic insulator. Electrodynamics simulations were carried out by MicroWaveStudio and HFSS codes, thermal analysis was maid using ANSYS.

  14. Ambiguity and visual word recognition: can feedback explain both homophone and polysemy effects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pexman, P M; Lupker, S J

    1999-12-01

    In a lexical-decision task (LDT), Hino and Lupker (1996) reported a polysemy effect (faster response times for polysemous words [e.g., BANK]), and attributed this effect to enhanced feedback from the semantic system to orthographic units, for polysemous words. Using the same task, Pexman, Lupker, and Jared (in review) reported a homophone effect (slower response times for homophonic words [e.g., MAID]) and attributed this effect to inconsistent feedback from the phonological system to orthographic units, for homophones. In the present paper we test two predictions derived from this feedback explanation: Polysemy and homophone effects should (a) co-occur in a standard LDT (with pseudoword foils) and (b) both be larger with pseudohomophones (e.g., BRANE) as foils in LDT. The results supported both predictions.

  15. pi0 photoproduction on the proton for photon energies from 0.675 to 2.875-GeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Dugger; Barry Ritchie; Jacques Ball; Patrick Collins; Evgueni Pasyuk; Richard Arndt; William Briscoe; Igor Strakovski; Ron Workman; Gary Adams; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Eric Anciant; Marco Anghinolfi; Burin Asavapibhop; G. Asryan; Gerard Audit; Harutyun Avakian; H. Bagdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Nathan Baltzell; Steve Barrow; Marco Battaglieri; Kevin Beard; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Mehmet Bektasoglu; Matthew Bellis; Nawal Benmouna; Barry Berman; Nicola Bianchi; Angela Biselli; Billy Bonner; Sylvain Bouchigny; Sergey Boyarinov; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Bryan Carnahan; Shifeng Chen; Philip Cole; Alan Coleman; Philip Coltharp; Dieter Cords; Pietro Corvisiero; Donald Crabb; Hall Crannell; John Cummings; Enzo De Sanctis; Raffaella De Vita; Pavel Degtiarenko; Haluk Denizli; Lawrence Dennis; Alexandre Deur; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Kalvir Dhuga; Richard Dickson; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; P. Dragovitsch; Steven Dytman; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Latifa Elouadrhiri; A. Empl; Paul Eugenio; Renee Fatemi; Gleb Fedotov; Gerald Feldman; Robert Feuerbach; John Ficenec; Tony Forest; Herbert Funsten; Michel Garcon; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; John Goetz; Ralf Gothe; Keith Griffioen; Michel Guidal; Matthieu Guillo; Nevzat Guler; Lei Guo; Vardan Gyurjyan; Cynthia Hadjidakis; Rafael Hakobyan; John Hardie; D. Heddle; F. Hersman; Kenneth Hicks; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; J. Hu; Marco Huertas; Charles Hyde; Charles Hyde-Wright; Yordanka Ilieva; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Mark Ito; David Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; Narbe Kalantarians; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Kui Kim; Kinney Kim; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Alexei Klimenko; Mike Klusman; Mikhail Kossov; Zebulun Krahn; Laird Kramer; Valery Kubarovsky; Joachim Kuhn; Sebastian Kuhn; Viacheslav Kuznetsov; Jeff Lachniet; Jean Laget; Jorn Langheinrich; David Lawrence; Tsung-shung Lee; Ana Lima; Kenneth Livingston; K. Lukashin; Joseph Manak; Claude Marchand; Leonard Maximon; Simeon McAleer; Bryan McKinnon; John McNabb; Bernhard Mecking; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Ralph Minehart; Marco Mirazita; Rory Miskimen; Viktor Mokeev; Kei Moriya; Steven Morrow; Valeria Muccifora; James Mueller; Gordon Mutchler; Pawel Nadel-Turonski; James Napolitano; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Grant O' Rielly; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; K Park; Craig Paterson; Sasha Philips; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Dinko Pocanic; Oleg Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; Barry Preedom; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Liming Qin; Brian Raue; Gregory Riccardi; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; David Rowntree; Philip Rubin; Franck Sabatie; Julian Salamanca; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Aziz Shafi; Youri Sharabian; J. Shaw; Sebastio Simionatto; Alexander Skabelin; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; M. Spraker; Aleksey Stavinskiy; Samuel Stepanyan; Stepan Stepanyan; Burnham Stokes; Paul Stoler; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; Simon Taylor; David Tedeschi; Ulrike Thoma; R. Thompson; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Luminita Todor; Clarisse Tur; Maurizio Ungaro; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Xue kai Wang; Lawrence Weinstein; Henry Weller; Dennis Weygand; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; M.H. Wood; A. Yegneswaran; Jae-Chul Yun; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang

    2007-07-23

    Differential cross sections for the reaction $\\gamma p \\to p \\pi^0$ have been measured with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and a tagged photon beam with energies from 0.675 to 2.875 GeV. The results reported here possess greater accuracy in the absolute normalization than previous measurements. They disagree with recent CB-ELSA measurements for the process at forward scattering angles. Agreement with the SAID and MAID fits is found below 1 GeV. The present set of cross sections has been incorporated into the SAID database, and exploratory fits have been extended to 3 GeV. Resonance couplings have been extracted and compared to previous determinations.

  16. Beam-helicity asymmetry in photon and pion electroproduction in the {delta}(1232)-resonance region at Q{sup 2}=0.35 (GeV/c){sup 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bensafa, I.K.; Defay, X.; Fonvieille, H.; Laveissiere, G. [Universite Blaise Pascal, Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire IN2P3-CNRS, Aubiere (France); Achenbach, P.; Ases Antelo, M.; Ayerbe, C.; Baumann, D.; Boehm, R.; Ding, M.; Distler, M.O.; Doria, L.; Friedrich, J.; Garcia Llongo, J.; Jover Manas, G.; Kohl, M.; Lloyd, M.; Merkel, H.; Merle, P.; Mueller, U.; Nungesser, L.; Perez Benito, R.; Pochodzalla, J.; Sanchez Majos, S.; Spitzenberg, T.; Tamas, G.; Walcher, T.; Weis, M. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Bosnar, D.; Makek, M. [University of Zagreb, Department of Physics, Zagreb (Croatia); Burtin, E.; D' Hose, N.; Marroncle, J. [CEA Dapnia-SPhN, C.E. Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Friedrich, J.M. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department, Garching (Germany); Janssens, P.; Van de Vyver, R.; Van Hoorebeke, L. [University of Gent, Department of Subatomic and Radiation Physics, Gent (Belgium); Pasquini, B. [Universita degli Studi di Pavia (Italy); INFN, Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, Pavia (Italy); Potokar, M.; Sirca, S. [University of Ljubljana, Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Rosner, G. [University of Glasgow, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Seimetz, M. [Univ. Mainz (Germany). Inst. fuer Kernphysik; CEA Dapnia-SPhN, CE Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2007-04-15

    The beam-helicity asymmetry has been measured simultaneously for the reactions (vector)ep{yields}ep{gamma} and (vector)ep{yields}ep{pi}{sup 0} in the {delta}(1232)-resonance region at Q{sup 2}=0.35 (GeV/c){sup 2}. The experiment was performed at MAMI with a longitudinally polarized beam and an out-of-plane detection of the proton. The results are compared with calculations based on dispersion relations for virtual Compton scattering and with the MAID model for pion electroproduction. There is an overall good agreement between experiment and theoretical calculations. The remaining discrepancies may be ascribed to an imperfect parametrization of some {gamma}{sup (*)}N{yields}{pi}N multipoles, mainly contributing to the non-resonant background. The beam-helicity asymmetry in both channels ({gamma} and {pi}{sup 0}) shows a good sensitivity to these multipoles and should allow future improvement in their parametrization. (orig.)

  17. “Una flor al tiempo dedicada”: la voz de Celia en la poética de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Sancho Dobles

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la actitud dialógica que la comedia Los empeños de una casa de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establece con los propios poemas de la escritora. Como referencia particular se hace énfasis en la voz de la criada Celia en la comedia y en los sonetos dedicados al motivo de la rosa para, finalmente, establecer algunas ideas con respecto a la poética de la poeta novohispana. This work analyzes the way in which the comedy House of Desires by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establishes a dialogic attitude with other poems of the writer. As a particular reference, I will emphasize the voice of the maid, Celia, in the comedy, as well as in the sonnets dedicated to the ‘rose’ motif, to establish, finally, some ideas on the poetics of the novohispanic poet.

  18. À quoi rêvent les vieilles filles ? Éros au féminin ou la débandade du roman domestique en Amérique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile ROUDEAU

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Quand en 1906 Elizabeth Jordan, éditeur de Harper’s Bazar, demanda à Mary Wilkins Freeman d’écrire le chapitre intitulé “The Old-Maid Aunt” dans le roman collectif The Whole Family,nul ne se doutait, parmi les contributeurs, que c’était là faire entrer le serpent dans le jardin de cette famille de Nouvelle-Angleterre. Dans l’idée que s’en faisait l’instigateur du projet, William Dean Howells, ce roman était un peu un défi — défi éditorial peut-être encore plus que narratif puisqu’il s’agissai...

  19. The Duality of Hope and Despair: Thornton Wilder’s Apocalyptic Vision in the Skin of Our Teeth (Umut Ve Umutsuzluk İkilemi: Thornton Wilder’ın Ramak Kaldı'daki Kıyamet İmgelemi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim Ersöz KOÇ

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Thornton Wilder’s The Skin of Our Teeth is one of the earliest precursors of apocalyptic themes in modern American drama. The play, written in 1942 when America was plunging into the enormity of World War II, criticizes the progress of humanity, life struggle, unity of American family, rise of technology and war using apocalypse as a metaphor. The focus of the play is on the Antrobuses—a typical American family with two children and a maid who have to survive apocalypses such as the glacier, the deluge and the war respectively in three acts. The recurrent image of apocalypse reveals a sense of both an ending—despair and a new beginning—hope. This study examines Wilder’s apocalyptic vision in The Skin of Our Teeth by comparing it to the traditional form of apocalypse which contains the duality of hope and despair.

  20. Püstised hobused : [luuletused] / Sándor Kányádi ; tlk. Tiiu Kokla, Arvo Valton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kányádi, Sándor

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Püstised hobused ; Purjus Agamemnon ; Kiviaeg ; Puust puuni ; Kuulutaja ingel ; In memoriam Domokos Szil{u00E1gyi ; In memoriam L. Sz. ; Ja isegi surmatunnil ; Maja ees terve öö ; Pühendus ; Kivitrükk ; Värsskroonika ; Seejärel ; Suurel neljapäeval ; Eemaldudes ; Justkui vaid nali ; Keegi kõnnib puude ladvus ; Sel õhtul ; Ei taha sulle haiget teha ; XC psalm ; Pilliroog ; Hobused ; Panta rhei ; Siis tõuseb lendu ; Sest senikaua kestab ; Jutuke ; Pärast esimest hoopi ; Ükskord ; Prometheus ; Õnneseen ; Ilustusteta laul ; On maid ; Jumala selja taga ; Võiksin öelda ; Võim ; Ajalootund. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 333-334

  1. Baryon transition form factors at the pole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiator, L.; Döring, M.; Workman, R. L.; Hadžimehmedović, M.; Osmanović, H.; Omerović, R.; Stahov, J.; Švarc, A.

    2016-12-01

    Electromagnetic resonance properties are uniquely defined at the pole and do not depend on the separation of the resonance from background or the decay channel. Photon-nucleon branching ratios are nowadays often quoted at the pole, and we generalize the considerations to the case of virtual photons. We derive and compare relations for nucleon to baryon transition form factors both for the Breit-Wigner and the pole positions. Using the MAID2007 and SAID SM08 partial wave analyses of pion electroproduction data, we compare the $G_M$, $G_E$, and $G_C$ form factors for the $\\Delta(1232)$ resonance excitation at the Breit-Wigner resonance and pole positions up to $Q^2=5$ GeV$^2$. We also explore the $E/M$ and $S/M$ ratios as functions of $Q^2$. For pole and residue extraction, we apply the Laurent + Pietarinen method.

  2. Double-polarization observable G in neutral-pion photoproduction off the proton

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiel, A.; Lang, M.; Afzal, F.; Beck, R.; Boese, S.; Funke, C.; Gottschall, M.; Gruener, M.; Hammann, C.; Hannappel, J.; Hartmann, J.; Hoffmeister, P.; Honisch, C.; Kaiser, D.; Kalinowsky, H.; Kalischewski, F.; Klassen, P.; Klempt, E.; Koop, K.; Kube, M.; Mahlberg, P.; Mueller, J.; Muellers, J.; Piontek, D.; Schmidt, C.; Seifen, T.; Sokhoyan, V.; Spieker, K.; Thoma, U.; Urban, M.; Pee, H. van; Walther, D.; Wendel, C.; Winnebeck, A. [Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Eberhardt, H.; Bantes, B.; Dutz, H.; Elsner, D.; Ewald, R.; Fornet-Ponse, K.; Frommberger, F.; Goertz, S.; Hammann, D.; Hillert, W.; Jude, T.; Kammer, S.; Kleber, V.; Klein, F.; Reeve, S.; Runkel, S.; Schmieden, H. [Universitaet Bonn, Physikalisches Institut, Bonn (Germany); Anisovich, A.V.; Bayadilov, D.; Nikonov, V.; Sarantsev, A. [Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Bichow, M.; Meyer, W.; Reicherz, G. [Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Institut fuer Experimentalphysik I, Bochum (Germany); Brinkmann, K.T.; Gutz, E. [Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Universitaet Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Crede, V. [Florida State University, Department of Physics, Tallahassee, FL (United States); Dieterle, M.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Witthauer, L. [Universitaet Basel, Institut fuer Physik, Basel (Switzerland); Friedrich, S.; Makonyi, K.; Metag, V.; Nanova, M. [Universitaet Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Gridnev, A.; Lopatin, I. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Wilson, A. [Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Florida State University, Department of Physics, Tallahassee, FL (United States); Collaboration: The CBELSA/TAPS Collaboration

    2017-01-15

    This paper reports on a measurement of the double-polarization observable G in π{sup 0} photoproduction off the proton using the CBELSA/TAPS experiment at the ELSA accelerator in Bonn. The observable G is determined from reactions of linearly polarized photons with longitudinally polarized protons. The polarized photons are produced by bremsstrahlung off a diamond radiator of well-defined orientation. A frozen spin butanol target provides the polarized protons. The data cover the photon energy range from 617 to 1325 MeV and a wide angular range. The experimental results for G are compared to predictions by the Bonn-Gatchina (BnGa), Juelich-Bonn (JueBo), MAID and SAID partial wave analyses. Implications of the new data for the pion photoproduction multipoles are discussed. (orig.)

  3. A Study of Artificial Modification of the VLF Propagation Characteristics of the Plasmasphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    applied to ak \\ide range of e .spen ieit Ishose objecti inc tl ude the f’orntiton o I io pie r I dep’et;,ons. the Triggerinig Of instabiliies, the...8217. IP Ren t lea sureileiL ts maide ator, t1ho immrit of the lEAJ-C sate-Il ito arco ,hown V I.1 CoiiclIuvtirI I i o’l irkS i n i-;, t I I. I hoe data...r: Pie Crea t I, e r~ o?~0 iŕ,! t I release,,s 11l lorro ;Oeric HI3 I e Lxelei no, 1ST , 1)8 , No. 1, 1 i tIto I 1 e qoa tor ialI ioL)no Sp he(re

  4. Single pi+ Electroproduction on the Proton in the First and Second Resonance Regions at 0.25GeV^2 < Q^2 < 0.65GeV^2 Using CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    H. Egiyan; I.G. Aznauryan; V.D. Burkert; K.A. Griffioen; K. Joo; R. Minehart; L.C. Smith

    2006-01-05

    The ep {yields} e'pi{sup +}n reaction was studied in the first and second nucleon resonance regions in the 0.25 GeV{sup 2} < Q{sup 2} < 0.65 GeV{sup 2} range using the CLAS detector at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. For the first time the absolute cross sections were measured covering nearly the full angular range in the hadronic center-of-mass frame. The structure functions {sigma}{sub TL}, {sigma}{sub TT} and the linear combination {sigma}{sub T} + {epsilon}{sigma}{sub L} were extracted by fitting the {phi}-dependence of the measured cross sections, and were compared to the MAID and Sato-Lee models.

  5. $\\pi^+$ photoproduction on the proton for photon energies from 0.725 to 2.875 GeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dugger, Michael; Ritchie, Barry; Ball, J.P.; Ball, Jacques; Collins, Patrick; Pasyuk, E.; Arndt, Richard; Briscoe, William; Strakovski, Igor; Workman, Ron

    2009-06-01

    Differential cross sections for the reaction $\\gamma p \\to n \\pi^+$ have been measured with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and a tagged photon beam with energies from 0.725 to 2.875 GeV. Where available, the results obtained here compare well with previously published results for the reaction. Agreement with the SAID and MAID analyses is found below 1 GeV. The present set of cross sections has been incorporated into the SAID database, and exploratory fits have been made up to 2.7 GeV. Resonance couplings have been extracted and compared to previous determinations. With the addition of these cross sections to the world data set, significant changes have occurred in the high-energy behavior of the SAID cross-section predictions and amplitudes.

  6. Measurement of the differential and total cross sections of the γ d →K0Λ (p ) reaction within the resonance region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compton, N.; Taylor, C. E.; Hicks, K.; Cole, P.; Zachariou, N.; Ilieva, Y.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Klempt, E.; Nikonov, V. A.; Sarantsev, A. V.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adhikari, S.; Akbar, Z.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Avakian, H.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Camp, M.; Cao, Frank Thanh; Cao, T.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Charles, G.; Chetry, T.; Ciullo, G.; Clark, L.; Cole, P. L.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crede, V.; D'Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fedotov, G.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Fradi, A.; Gavalian, G.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Glazier, D. I.; Gleason, C.; Golovatch, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hakobyan, H.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Heddle, D.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Hyde, C. E.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jenkins, D.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khachatryan, M.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, W.; Klein, A.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuleshov, S. V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; Lu, H. Y.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Markov, N.; McKinnon, B.; Meyer, C. A.; Mineeva, T.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Montgomery, R. A.; Movsisyan, A.; Munevar, E.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Paolone, M.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Phelps, W.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Prok, Y.; Protopopescu, D.; Raue, B. A.; Ripani, M.; Ritchie, B. G.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schumacher, R. A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Simonyan, A.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, G. D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stankovic, I.; Stepanyan, S.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Torayev, B.; Trivedi, A.; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zhang, J.; CLAS Collaboration

    2017-12-01

    We report the first measurement of differential and total cross sections for the γ d →K0Λ (p ) reaction, using data from the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Data collected during two separate experimental runs were studied with photon-energy coverage 0.8-3.6 GeV and 0.5- 2.6 GeV, respectively. The two measurements are consistent giving confidence in the method and determination of systematic uncertainties. The cross sections are compared with predictions from the KAON-MAID theoretical model (without kaon exchange), which deviate from the data at higher W and at forward kaon angles. These data, along with previously published cross sections for K+Λ photoproduction, provide essential constraints on the nucleon resonance spectrum. A first partial wave analysis was performed that describes the data without the introduction of new resonances.

  7. Empirical Fit to Inelastic Electron-Deuteron and Electron-Neutron Resonance Region Transverse Cross Sections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter Bosted; M. E. Christy

    2007-11-08

    An empirical fit is described to measurements of inclusive inelastic electron-deuteron cross sections in the kinematic range of four-momentum transfer $0 \\le Q^2<10$ GeV$^2$ and final state invariant mass $1.2<3$ GeV. The deuteron fit relies on a fit of the ratio $R_p$ of longitudinal to transverse cross sections for the proton, and the assumption $R_p=R_n$. The underlying fit parameters describe the average cross section for proton and neutron, with a plane-wave impulse approximation (PWIA) used to fit to the deuteron data. Pseudo-data from MAID 2007 were used to constrain the average nucleon cross sections for $W<1.2$ GeV. The mean deviation of data from the fit is 3\\%, with less than 5\\% of the data points deviating from the fit by more than 10\\%.

  8. Effects of syntactic complexity in L1 and L2; an fMRI study of Korean-English bilinguals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Soyoung; Yoon, Hyo Woon; Lee, Seungbok; Chung, Jun-Young; Cho, Zang-Hee; Park, Hyunwook

    2007-03-09

    The neural mechanisms underlying the syntactic processing of sentence comprehension in Korean (L1) and English (L2) by late bilinguals were investigated using functional MRI. The Korean native speakers were asked to read sentences with different levels of syntactic complexity in L1 and L2 and respond to comprehension questions concerning the sentences. The syntactic complexity was varied using a center-embedded sentence "The director that the maid introduced ignored the farmer" or a conjoined sentence "The maid introduced the director and ignored the farmer". It was found that the major areas involved in sentence processing such as the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), bilateral inferior parietal gyrus, and occipital lobe including cuneus, and lingual gyrus were commonly activated during the processing of both L1 and L2. However, the pattern of activation was different for L1 and L2 in the left IFG. The amount of activation was greater for embedded sentences than for conjoined sentences in L1 while no difference was found in L2. These results suggest that the cortical areas involved with syntactic processing in L1 and L2 are shared, but that the underlying neural mechanisms are different. The findings of the present study are discussed in comparison with Hasegawa et al.'s (Hasegawa, M., Carpenter, P.A., Just, M.A., 2002. An fMRI study of bilingual sentence comprehension and workload. NeuroImage 15, 647-660.) and Yokoyama et al.'s (Yokoyama, S., Okamoto, H., Miyamoto, T., Yoshimoto, K., Kim, J., Iwata, K., Jeong, H., Uchida, S., Ikuta, N., Sassa, Y., Nakamura, W., Horie, K., Sato, S., Kawashima, R., 2006. Cortical activation in the processing of passive sentences in L1 and L2: An fMRI study. NeuroImage 30, 570-579.) studies which also found common areas of activation but different patterns of activation during the processing of L1 and L2.

  9. Psychiatric disorders in ASEAN-migrants in Malaysia--a university hospital experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krahl, W; Hashim, A

    1998-09-01

    Malaysia's workforce presently includes 13% foreigners most coming from the neighboring ASEAN-countries. No data of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders amongst this population is currently available. All patients from ASEAN-countries admitted to the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur between January 1994 and June 1996 were included in a prospective study. During the study period 39 patients were admitted. Five patients were male (12.8%) and 34 female (87.2%). Most came from Indonesia (51.3%) and the Philippines (41.0%), while one each was from Brunei, Singapore and Thailand. Thirty (76.9%) were working in Malaysia as unskilled workers, 23 (59.0%) as maids. Six of the patients (15.4%) were married to Malaysians and only three (7.2%) held white-collar jobs. Three patients (7.2%) received the diagnosis schizophrenia and ten (25.6%) acute and transient psychotic disorder. Two (5.1%) were diagnosed as bipolar affective disorder--manic and two (5.1%) as depression without psychotic features. Five patients (12.8%) were depressed and had as well presence of psychotic features. Adjustment disorders mostly with depressed mood was diagnosed in fourteen (35.9%), three (7.2%) received another diagnosis. The study showed high rates of acute and transient psychosis as well as adjustment disorders indicating high stress level in this population. In particular maids from Indonesia and the Philippines with their dependent and isolated situation seem vulnerable to develop psychiatric disorders. However, overall the rates of psychiatric admissions (only 1.3%) in the ASEAN-nationals is relatively low and tends to support the view that migrants do not suffer from an excess of mental disorders.

  10. High-Throughput Chemical Screening Identifies Compounds that Inhibit Different Stages of the Phytophthora agathidicida and Phytophthora cinnamomi Life Cycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Scott A; Armstrong, Charlotte B; Patrick, Wayne M; Gerth, Monica L

    2017-01-01

    Oomycetes in the genus Phytophthora are among the most damaging plant pathogens worldwide. Two important species are Phytophthora cinnamomi, which causes root rot in thousands of native and agricultural plants, and Phytophthora agathidicida, which causes kauri dieback disease in New Zealand. As is the case for other Phytophthora species, management options for these two pathogens are limited. Here, we have screened over 100 compounds for their anti-oomycete activity, as a potential first step toward identifying new control strategies. Our screening identified eight compounds that showed activity against both Phytophthora species. These included five antibiotics, two copper compounds and a quaternary ammonium cation. These compounds were tested for their inhibitory action against three stages of the Phytophthora life cycle: mycelial growth, zoospore germination, and zoospore motility. The inhibitory effects of the compounds were broadly similar between the two Phytophthora species, but their effectiveness varied widely among life cycle stages. Mycelial growth was most successfully inhibited by the antibiotics chlortetracycline and paromomycin, and the quaternary ammonium salt benzethonium chloride. Copper chloride and copper sulfate were most effective at inhibiting zoospore germination and motility, whereas the five antibiotics showed relatively poor zoospore inhibition. Benzethonium chloride was identified as a promising antimicrobial, as it is effective across all three life cycle stages. While further testing is required to determine their efficacy and potential phytotoxicity in planta, we have provided new data on those agents that are, and those that are not, effective against P. agathidicida and P. cinnamomi. Additionally, we present here the first published protocol for producing zoospores from P. agathidicida, which will aid in the further study of this emerging pathogen.

  11. Rapid ocean-atmosphere response to Southern Ocean freshening during the last glacial period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turney, Christian; Jones, Richard; Phipps, Steven; Thomas, Zoë; Hogg, Alan; Kershaw, Peter; Fogwill, Christopher; Palmer, Jonathan; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher; Adolphi, Florian; Muscheler, Raimund; Hughen, Konrad; Staff, Richard; Grosvenor, Mark; Golledge, Nicholas; Rasmussen, Sune; Hutchinson, David; Haberle, Simon; Lorrey, Andrew; Boswijk, Gretel

    2017-04-01

    Contrasting Greenland and Antarctic temperature trends during the late last glacial period (60,000 to 11,703 years ago) are thought to be driven by imbalances in the rate of formation of North Atlantic and Antarctic Deep Water (the 'bipolar seesaw'), with cooling in the north leading the onset of warming in the south. Some events, however, appear to have occurred independently of changes in deep water formation but still have a southern expression, implying that an alternative mechanism may have driven some global climatic changes during the glacial. Testing these competing hypotheses is challenging given the relatively large uncertainties associated with correlating terrestrial, marine and ice core records of abrupt change. Here we exploit a bidecadally-resolved 14C calibration dataset obtained from New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) to undertake high-precision alignment of key climate datasets spanning 28,400 to 30,400 years ago. We observe no divergence between terrestrial and marine 14C datasets implying limited impact of freshwater hosing on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). However, an ice-rafted debris event (SA2) in Southern Ocean waters appears to be associated with dramatic synchronous warming over the North Atlantic and contrasting precipitation patterns across the low latitudes. Using a fully coupled climate system model we undertook an ensemble of transient meltwater simulations and find that a southern salinity anomaly can trigger low-latitude temperature changes through barotropic and baroclinic oceanic waves that are atmospherically propagated globally via a Rossby wave train, consistent with contemporary modelling studies. Our results suggest the Antarctic ice sheets and Southern Ocean dynamics may have contributed to some global climatic changes through rapid ocean-atmospheric teleconnections, with implications for past (and future) change.

  12. A 150 year record of annual Bristlecone Pine 14C from the second millennium BC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Charlotte; Salzer, Matthew; Brewer, Peter; Hodgins, Gregory; Jull, A. J. Timothy; Lange, Todd; Cruz, Richard; Brown, David; Boswijk, Gretel

    2017-04-01

    The Interdisciplinary Chronology of Civilizations Project (ICCP) at the University of Arizona (UA) aims to resolve longstanding chronological issues for Aegean and Near Eastern archaeology. A central component of this work is the production of annual resolution sequences of 14C from securely anchored tree-ring chronologies. Contemporary growth rings from Northern and Southern Hemisphere locations will be tested against a dataset of consecutive annual resolution 14C measurements from tree-rings of securely dated North American bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva D.K. Bailey). These data will be used in a number of ways: to investigate potential issues with the current IntCal dataset due to interpolation, smoothing, or the inclusion of annual scale rapid changes in 14C; to identify 14C off-sets; to evaluate whether annual determinations of 14C present sufficient advantages for dating to justify the substantial costs involved in creating an annual resolution calibration curve; to explore whether the degree of reproducibility between species and growth locations justifies the construction of regional curves or allows us to pioneer 'annual resolution wigglematching' to anchor substantial floating tree-ring chronologies from Mediterranean archaeological contexts, and; if new rapid changes in 14C (aka 'spikes') are discovered, to use these to achieve this same goal. The initial focus of the project is the first and second millennium BC. From this period we present 150 annual 14C determinations from bristlecone pine and explore preliminary findings based on comparisons with the existing IntCal dataset, decadal data from the Mediterranean, and some contemporary years from Irish Oak (Quercus spp.) and New Zealand Kauri (Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl.). This work, in combination with results from another UA project team (see abstract by Jull et al.) helps confirm the potential of the bristlecone pine archive for high resolution radiocarbon research.

  13. Vertical distribution of soil extractable organic C and N contents and total C and N stocks in 78-year-old tree plantations in subtropical Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoqi; Dong, Haibo; Lan, Zhongming; Bacon, Gary; Hao, Yanbin; Chen, Chengrong

    2017-08-11

    Few studies have focused on the effects of long-term forest plantations on the soil profile of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks. In this study, we selected 78-year-old tree plantations that included three coniferous tree species (i.e., slash pine, hoop pine and kauri pine) and a Eucalyptus species in subtropical Australia. We measured soil extractable organic C (EOC) and N (EON) contents and total C and N stocks under different tree species on the forest floor and along a soil profile to 100 cm depth. The results showed that Eucalyptus had significantly higher soil EOC contents (3.3 Mg ha(-1)) than the other tree species (EOC of 1.9-2.3 Mg ha(-1)) and had significantly higher EON (156 kg ha(-1)) contents than slash pine (107 kg ha(-1)). Eucalyptus had significantly higher soil C (58.9 Mg ha(-1)) and N (2.03 Mg ha(-1)) stocks than the other tree species (22.3-27.6 Mg C ha(-1) and 0.71-1.23 Mg N ha(-1)) at 0-100 cm depth. There were no differences in soil C stocks at the 0-100 cm depth among the coniferous tree species. Forest floor C stocks had stronger effects on mineral soil total N stocks than fine root biomass, whereas fine root biomass exerted stronger effects on soil total C stocks at the 0-100 cm depth than forest floor C and N stocks. Our results addressed large differences in soil C and N stocks under different tree species, which can provide useful information for local forest management practices in this region.

  14. The Middle Miocene Yallourn coal seam - The last coal in Australia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holdgate, G.R.; Wallace, M.W.; Gallagher, S.J.; Wagstaff, B.E.; Chung, Li [School of Earth Sciences, University of Melbourne (Australia); Cartwright, I. [Earth Sciences Department, Monash University, Clayton (Australia); Blackburn, D.T. [David Blackburn Environmental Pty. Ltd. 4 Egmont Terrace Erindale SA 5066 (Australia)

    2007-04-02

    The 100-m thick Middle Miocene Yallourn brown coal seam was the last of the major Latrobe Valley Group seams to form in the Gippsland Basin (southeastern Australia) and the final major coal to form in Australia. Coal deposition coincided with the Middle Miocene climatic optimum. During this warm period of relatively high sea-levels, high water tables and relatively high subsidence rates, a 565 km{sup 2} area of alternating eutrophic and ombrogenous peat swamp developed at the western end of the Latrobe Valley to form the Yallourn Seam. Stratigraphic units of the seam contain a high sclerophyll plant component and abundant charcoal, suggesting seasonal dry periods alternated with wet warm conditions characterised by abundant rushes and dense kauri forests. Iron content in parts of the Yallourn Seam is relatively high, and a strong correlation exists between the iron distribution and the abundance of proteoid roots (mainly Proteaceae) - an indicator of seasonal dry periods. The contemporaneous carbonates of the Wuk Wuk Marl were deposited in a high-productivity, upwelling, warmer water (subtropical) environment. A new carbon isotope profile at 1 m intervals through the Yallourn Seam shows a poor relationship between {delta}{sup 13}C isotopes and coal colour, but some correlation with Gymnosperm abundance. The {delta}{sup 13}C record also correlates well with long-term secular changes in climate, the presence of global carbon maxima CM2-CM4, and with the deep-sea {delta}{sup 13}C marine organic record. Thick coal seam development ended near the end of the Middle Miocene climatic optimum. The termination of coal seam deposition in Latrobe Valley was primarily the result of tectonic compression, uplift and development of adjacent highland relief, and erosion at the end of the Miocene. (author)

  15. THE ACTUALITY OF NIETZSCHE’S CRITICISM OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM REGARDING MODERN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas SCHREIBER

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available „Thus, my friends do not confound this education, this delicately footed, spoiled, ethereal goddess, with that usable maid which occasionally also is called ‘education’, but which is merely the intellectual maid and counselor for distress of life, for earnings, for neediness.”1 In his five lectures on the “future of educational system” Nietzsche thoroughly criticized the German educational system of his time and the decay of education in general. Although he was very sharp in accusation and pessimistic about his contemporary situation, he nevertheless cherished some hopes regarding some profound and revolutionary changes in the near future that might take place and rescue the classical concept of education. Looking back from today to Nietzsche’s assertions – like the quote above – we can recognize that his critical sketch of former deficiencies of educational system has lost none of its actuality and truth. We rather notice that some of his points just have been actualized only in modern knowledge society than in his time – or at least they have aggravated. Nowadays, knowledge is considered as an economical factor of production, and education is the fundamental precondition for employability. On the way to neoliberal, capitalistic system we have started with exploitation of the knower and have come to reach a status of voluntary self-exploitation of the educated one. Knowledge and education, and the notion of lifelong learning as well as self-actualization and personality growth have become efficient and perfect instruments of neoliberal systems, as they use the freedom and free volition of the individual to enforce their self-exploitation in order to become high-potential consumers. This contribution points out the still existing actuality of Nietzsche’s critical arguments regarding the decay of the concept of education. Moreover, it is to be shown that in the age of the so called knowledge society in neoliberal systems we

  16. Strategic planning and the importance of the use of spatial information: an approach in the energy segment; Planejamento estrategico e a importancia do emprego de informacao espacial: uma abordagem no segmento de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Jorge Henrique de [Petroleo Brasileiro SA. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Gas e Energia

    2008-07-01

    In the enterprise environment to establish the some scenes of performance and later the strategical plans is imperative and vital. For the companies in the energy segments this is aggravated because the development of the production needs a complex financing project of that has as premise the use of intensive capital and biggest time of capital returns, hindering the capital assessment in function of the associated risks. Specifically, in this segment it is of great importance to establish the energy consumption and consequently the planning to energy generation, because this way the enterprises risks are mitigated. In this way, to collect, to manipulate and to store the data of the energy resources and on the generation of energy, and your spatial distribution allows to infer, with certain degree of precision, in the possible economic arrangements and planning activity, respecting the regional energy aptitudes; as well as, it also allows to evaluate the competitive advantages front at the inherent costs to the transport and implantation of the productive chain of the energy ones. Especially not to use the spatial information, associated with advanced techniques of scientific modeling or of spatial analysis, in the composition of the forecast energy demand models of it reduces the capacity to describe the decision scene. Of this case, subjects as influence of the distances among the demographic concentrations and of consumption to the points of offer, the area of the reference unit, the different growth of urban centers or industrial, beyond others, are not considered. In face of this the projection of the demand along of the territory surface is compromised in its resolution, reducing, among others, the capacity of strategical analysis. Based in the use of the spatial information and techniques of spatial analysis, up to now little maids in forecast energy demand, it is intended in this work to identify, when studying the behavior of the variables GDP and

  17. Electromagnetic pion production in manifestly Lorentz invariant baryonic chiral perturbation theory; Elektromagnetische Pionproduktion in manifest Lorentz-invarianter baryonischer chiraler Stoerungstheorie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehnhart, B.C.

    2007-05-15

    This thesis is concerned with electromagnetic pion production within manifestly Lorentz-invariant chiral perturbation theory using the assumption of isospin symmetry. In a one-loop calculation up to the chiral order O(q{sup 4}), 105 Feynman diagrams contribute, consisting of 20 tree graphs and 85 loop diagrams. The tree graphs are classified as 16 pole diagrams and 4 contact graphs. Of the 85 loop diagrams, 50 diagrams are of order three and 35 diagrams are of fourth order. To calculate the pion production amplitude algorithms are developed on the basis of the Mathematica package FeynCalc. The one-photon-exchange approximation allows one to parametrise the pion production amplitude as the product of the polarisation vector of the (virtual) photon and the matrix element of the transition current. The polarisation vector is related to the leptonic vertex and the photon propagator and is well-known from QED. The dependence of the amplitude on the strong interaction is contained in the matrix element of the transition current, and we use chiral perturbation theory to describe this matrix element. The transition current can be expressed in terms of six gauge invariant amplitudes, each of which can again be decomposed into three isospin amplitudes. Linear combinations of these amplitudes allow us to describe the physical amplitudes. The one-loop integrals appearing within this calculation are determined numerically by the program LoopTools. In the case of tensorial integrals it is required to perform the method of Passarino and Veltman first. Furthermore, we apply the reformulated infrared regularisation which ensures that the results fulfill the chiral power counting. For this purpose algorithms are developed which determine the subtraction terms automatically. The obtained isospin amplitudes are integrated in the program MAID. As tests the s-wave multipoles E{sub 0+} and L{sub 0+} (using results up to chiral order O(q{sup 3})) are calculated in the threshold region

  18. Modeling the effects of tree species and incubation temperature on soil's extracellular enzyme activity in 78-year-old tree plantations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoqi; Wang, Shen S. J.; Chen, Chengrong

    2017-12-01

    kauri pine (Agathis robusta C. Moore). Our results will be helpful for understanding the mechanisms of soil C and N cycling by different tree species, which will have implications for forest management.

  19. Modeling the effects of tree species and incubation temperature on soil's extracellular enzyme activity in 78-year-old tree plantations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Zhou

    2017-12-01

    coniferous tree species like hoop pine and kauri pine (Agathis robusta C. Moore. Our results will be helpful for understanding the mechanisms of soil C and N cycling by different tree species, which will have implications for forest management.

  20. What makes Hephaestus lame?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazopoulou-Kyrkanidou, E

    1997-10-17

    Hephaestus (or Hephaistos) is an Olympian Greek god, the divine smith, famed for inventions, who taught men glorious crafts. The fixed epithet for Hephaestus, used from the eighth century B.C. by Homer, Hesiod, and other ancient authors until the fifth century A.D., is "Amphiguéeis," i.e., with both feet crooked. He is also called "Kullopodíou," i.e., clubfooted. His body and his gait were described by Homer: "He spake, and from the anvil rose, a huge, panting bulk, halting the while, but beneath him his slender legs moved nimbly ... and with a sponge wiped his face and his two hands withal, and his mighty neck and shaggy breast, ... and grasped a stout staff, and went forth halting; but there moved swiftly to support their lord handmaidens wrought of gold in the semblance of living maids." His anomaly was congenital, as we learn from Hephaestus himself ("I was born misshapen") and from his mother Hera ("But my son Hephaestus whom I bare was weakly among all the blessed gods and shrivelled of foot."). Vase paintings of the sixth century B.C. depict Hephaestus' lameness, but his lameness is not emphasized in the fifth century and thereafter. It is most likely that bilateral congenital clubfeet made Hephaestus lame. Two sons of Hephaestus, Palaemonius and Periphetes, were also reported as having deformed feet.

  1. Measurement of Target and Double-spin Asymmetries for the $\\vec e\\vec p\\to e\\pi^+ (n)$ Reaction in the Nucleon Resonance Region at Low $Q^2$

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, X; Bosted, P; Deur, A; Drozdov, V; Fassi, L El; Kang, Hyekoo; Kovacs, K; Kuhn, S; Long, E; Phillips, S K; Ripani, M; Slifer, K; Smith, L C; Adikaram, D; Akbar, Z; Amaryan, M J; Pereira, S Anefalos; Asryan, G; Avakian, H; Badui, R A; Ball, J; Baltzell, N A; Battaglieri, M; Batourine, V; Bedlinskiy, I; Biselli, A S; Briscoe, W J; Bültmann, S; Burkert, V D; Carman, D S; Celentano, A; Chandavar, S; Charles, G; Chen, J -P; Chetry, T; Choi, Seonho; Ciullo, G; Clark, L; Colaneri, L; Cole, P L; Compton, N; Contalbrigo, M; Crede, V; D'Angelo, A; Dashyan, N; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Djalali, C; Dodge, G E; Dupre, R; Egiyan, H; Alaoui, A El; Elouadrhiri, L; Eugenio, P; Fanchini, E; Fedotov, G; Fersch, R; Filippi, A; Fleming, J A; Gevorgyan, N; Ghandilyan, Y; Gilfoyle, G P; Giovanetti, K L; Girod, F X; Gleason, C; Golovach, E; Gothe, R W; Griffioen, K A; Guidal, M; Guler, N; Guo, L; Hanretty, C; Harrison, N; Hattawy, M; Hicks, K; Holtrop, M; Hughes, S M; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Ishkhanov, B S; Isupov, E L; Jenkins, D; Jiang, H; Jo, H S; Joosten, S; Keller, D; Khachatryan, G; Khandaker, M; Kim, A; Kim, W; Klein, F J; Kubarovsky, V; Lanza, L; Lenisa, P; Livingston, K; MacGregor, I J D; Markov, N; McKinnon, B; Mirazita, M; Mokeev, V; Movsisyan, A; Munevar, E; Camacho, C Munoz; Murdoch, G; Nadel-Turonski, P; Net, L A; Ni, A; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Paolone, M; Paremuzyan, R; Park, K; Pasyuk, E; Peng, P; Pisano, S; Pogorelko, O; Price, J W; Puckett, A J R; Raue, B A; Rizzo, A; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Roy, P; Sabatié, F; Salgado, C; Schumacher, R A; Sharabian, Y G; Skorodumina, Iu; Smith, G D; Sokhan, D; Sparveris, N; Stankovic, I; Strakovsky, I I; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tian, Ye; Ungaro, M; Voskanyan, H; Voutier, E; Walford, N K; Watts, D P; Wei, X; Weinstein, L B; Wood, M H; Zachariou, N; Zhang, J

    2016-01-01

    We report measurements of target- and double-spin asymmetries for the exclusive channel $\\vec e\\vec p\\to e\\pi^+ (n)$ in the nucleon resonance region at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). These asymmetries were extracted from data obtained using a longitudinally polarized NH$_3$ target and a longitudinally polarized electron beam with energies 1.1, 1.3, 2.0, 2.3 and 3.0 GeV. The new results are consistent with previous CLAS publications but are extended to a low $Q^2$ range from $0.0065$ to $0.35$ (GeV$/c$)$^2$. The $Q^2$ access was made possible by a custom-built Cherenkov detector that allowed the detection of electrons for scattering angles as low as $6^\\circ$. These results are compared with the unitary isobar models JANR and MAID, the partial-wave analysis prediction from SAID and the dynamic model DMT. In many kinematic regions our results, in particular results on the target asymmetry, help to constrain the polarization-dependent components of these models.

  2. GLOBALISASI DAN IMPAK SOSIOBUDAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aishah@Eshah Haji Mohamed

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Globalization, the ongoing process of greater interdependence among countries and their citizens, is complex and multifaceted. Many of the problems that the critics of globalization point to are real. This article on the socio-cultural  impact of  globalization  on the semi-urban  populations uses data collected in three districts in Selangor (Sepang, Kuala Selangor and Kuala Langat, Malaysia using survey and in depth interviews method.  The socio-cultural impact of globalization on the semi-urban populations of Selangor can be seen from several angles. Among other things are the changes in interpersonal relationship due to changes in occupations, places of works, places of residence and different work schedules. Thus a new kind of relationship evolved i.e. between different categories of workers and the management. This creates a totally new environment whereby the management determined certain aspects of the life of workers such as pay rise and work schedules. Their life styles are also different. With the improved economic condition more job opportunities are available for foreign workers and women.  The children are now being looked after by maids or the so called transit houses which are not based on family relationship. The influx of foreign workers also expose the local populations to various infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria (which had been eradicated in the country long time ago, SARS and H1N1.  

  3. Vita e morte sulla scena invisibile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangela Caporale

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available “The scene of the woman who is the clarity of death. The theatre of the maid who is the mistery of life”: this is the axis the article focuses on. Through the analysis of two dance performances – Praeparatio mortis by Jan Fabris and Kore by Virgilio Sieni – the article examines the nature of knowledge conceived as ideal vision of the truth. The reflection on life and death’s dance allows to criticize this approach, clarifying the limits of an epistemology that sclerotizes the philosophy as knowledge that is astonished before the truth. These are the limits of the science that derive from this epistemological tradition. The exemplar condition to know the being as the existence of the simply existent (Schelling is the experience of the childbirth and maternity. Finally the article criticizes the scientific model that exalts every kind of artificial fecundation believed as the perfect opportunity to fulfill completely women’s freedom and her dignity.

  4. A sixth-century Irish headache cure and its use in a south German monastery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isler, H; Hasenfratz, H; O'Neill, T

    1996-12-01

    Medieval headache treatment is largely unknown. Medieval incantations against headache enumerate bodily organs to be protected. One 8th-century Latin hymn from Lake Constance using this device is addressed to St. Aid "mechprech", who has been identified as Aed Mac Bricc, Bishop of Killare, 6th century. This Irish Saint inspired unusual legends by some rather unorthodox activities: He abducted a young girl as hostage while his inheritance was withheld, but at the same time was seen surrounded by angels. He prayed for a nun who was pregnant and made the pregnancy vanish by a miracle, and he replaced the severed heads of maids, men and horses, creating a new spring as a by-product of this operation. Already at his birth his head had hit a stone, leaving a hole in the stone which collected rainwater that cured all ailments. In our own time, such "bullaun stones" are still believed to cure headache in Ireland. According to the legends collected by Plummer and Colgan, St. Aed Mac Bricc was well known for his power to cure headaches. He relieved St. Brigid's headache when she was suffering many miles away, but his most impressive cure was in convincing a headache sufferer that the patient's headache could actually be transferred own head. The headache hymn or incantation is intended to repeat Aed's unique miracle.

  5. Measurement of target and double-spin asymmetries for the epeπ+(n) reaction in the nucleon resonance region at low Q2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, X.; Adhikari, K. P.; Bosted, P.; Deur, A.; Drozdov, V.; El Fassi, L.; Kang, Hyekoo; Kovacs, K.; Kuhn, S.; Long, E.; Phillips, S. K.; Ripani, M.; Slifer, K.; Smith, L. C.; Adikaram, D.; Akbar, Z.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Asryan, G.; Avakian, H.; Badui, R. A.; Ball, J.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Bültmann, S.; Burkert, V. D.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Chen, J. -P.; Chetry, T.; Choi, Seonho; Ciullo, G.; Clark, L.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Djalali, C.; Dodge, G. E.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fanchini, E.; Fedotov, G.; Fersch, R.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Gleason, C.; Golovach, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guler, N.; Guo, L.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Markov, N.; McKinnon, B.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Movsisyan, A.; Munevar, E.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Net, L. A.; Ni, A.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Paolone, M.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Peng, P.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Roy, P.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schumacher, R. A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, G. D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stankovic, I.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Tian, Ye; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.

    2016-10-01

    We report measurements of target- and double-spin asymmetries for the exclusive channel epeπ+(n) in the nucleon resonance region at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). These asymmetries were extracted from data obtained using a longitudinally polarized NH3 target and a longitudinally polarized electron beam with energies 1.1, 1.3, 2.0, 2.3, and 3.0 GeV. The new results are consistent with previous CLAS publications but are extended to a low Q2 range from 0.0065 to 0.35 (GeV/c)2. The Q2 access was made possible by a custom-built Cherenkov detector that allowed the detection of electrons for scattering angles as low as 6 degrees. These results are compared with the unitary isobar models JANR and MAID, the partial-wave analysis prediction from SAID, and the dynamic model DMT. In many kinematic regions our results, in particular results on the target asymmetry, help to constrain the polarization-dependent components of these models.

  6. Measurement of the beam-helicity asymmetry I{sup s}un in the photoproduction of π{sup 0} π{sup ±} pairs off protons and off neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oberle, M.; Dieterle, M.; Jaegle, I.; Kaeser, A.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Maghrbi, Y.; Pheron, F.; Werthmueller, D.; Witthauer, L.; Zehr, F. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland); Ahrens, J.; Arends, H.J.; Bartolome, P.A.; Heid, E.; Jahn, O.; Martinez, M.; Ostrick, M.; Schumann, S.; Thomas, A. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Annand, J.R.M.; Howdle, D.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I.J.D.; Mancell, J.; McGeorge, J.C.; McNicoll, E.; Robinson, J.; Rosner, G. [University of Glasgow, School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Bantawa, K.; Manley, D.M. [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio (United States); Beck, R.; Nikolaev, A. [University of Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Bekrenev, V.; Kruglov, S.P.; Kulbardis, A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Berghaeuser, H.; Drexler, P.; Metag, V.; Novotny, R.; Thiel, M. [University of Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Braghieri, A.; Mushkarenkov, A.; Pedroni, P. [INFN, Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy); Branford, D.; Glazier, D.I.; Jude, T.C.; Sikora, M.H.; Watts, D.P. [University of Edinburgh, School of Physics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Briscoe, W.J.; Demissie, B.; Marinides, Z. [The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Brudvik, J.; Nefkens, B.M.K.; Prakhov, S.N.; Starostin, A. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Cherepnya, S.; Fil' kov, L.V. [Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Downie, E.J. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Glasgow, School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Fix, A. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Hornidge, D.; Middleton, D.G. [Mount Allison University, New Brunswick (Canada); Huber, G.M. [University of Regina, Regina, SK (Canada); Kashevarov, V.L. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kondratiev, R.; Lisin, V.; Polonski, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Korolija, M.; Mekterovic, D.; Micanovic, S.; Supek, I. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Oussena, B. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Rostomyan, T. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland); INFN, Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy); Sober, D.I. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States); Unverzagt, M. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Collaboration: The Crystal Ball at MAMI, TAPS; A2 Collaboration

    2014-03-15

    Beam-helicity asymmetries have been measured at the MAMI accelerator in Mainz for the photoproduction of mixed-charge pion pairs in the reactions γp → nπ{sup 0}π{sup +} off free protons and γd → (p)pπ{sup 0}π{sup -} and γd → (n)nπ{sup 0}π{sup +} off quasi-free nucleons bound in the deuteron for incident photon energies up to 1.4 GeV. Circularly polarized photons were produced from bremsstrahlung of longitudinally polarized electrons and tagged with the Glasgow-Mainz magnetic spectrometer. The charged pions, recoil protons, recoil neutrons, and decay photons from π{sup 0} mesons were detected in the 4π electromagnetic calorimeter composed of the Crystal Ball and TAPS detectors. Using a complete kinematic reconstruction of the final state, excellent agreement was found between the results for free and quasi-free protons, suggesting that the quasi-free neutron results are also a close approximation of the free-neutron asymmetries. A comparison of the results to the predictions of the Two-Pion-MAID reaction model shows that the reaction mechanisms are still not well understood, in particular at low incident photon energies in the second nucleon-resonance region. (orig.)

  7. Photon asymmetry measurements of vector γp → π{sup 0}p for E{sub γ} = 320-650 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gardner, S.; Howdle, D.; Annand, J.R.M.; Glazier, D.I.; Hamilton, D.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I.J.D.; Macrae, R.; Mancell, J.; McGeorge, J.C.; McNicoll, E.F.; Mullen, C.; Owens, R.O.; Robinson, J.; Rosner, G.; Strandberg, B. [University of Glasgow, SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Sikora, M.H.; Bashkanov, M.; Hall Barrientos, P.; Jude, T.C.; Kay, S.; Tarbert, C.M.; Watts, D.P.; Zana, L. [University of Edinburgh, SUPA, School of Physics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Wunderlich, Y.; Afzal, F.; Beck, R.; Nikolaev, A.; Spieker, K.; Thiel, A. [University of Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Abt, S.; Dieterle, M.; Garni, S.; Guenther, M.; Kaeser, A.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Lutterer, S.; Oberle, M.; Rostomyan, T.; Strub, T.; Witthauer, L. [University of Basel, Institut fuer Physik, Basel (Switzerland); Achenbach, P.; Aguar-Bartolome, P.; Arends, H.J.; Biroth, M.; Cividini, F.; Denig, A.; Drexler, P.; Ferretti-Bondy, M.I.; Gradl, W.; Heid, E.; Jahn, O.; Kashevarov, V.L.; Linturi, J.M.; Martel, P.P.; Neiser, A.; Ostrick, M.; Otte, P.B.; Oussena, B.; Schumann, S.; Sokhoyan, V.; Steffen, O.; Sfienti, C.; Thiel, M.; Thomas, A.; Unverzagt, M.; Wettig, J.; Wolfes, M. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Ahmed, Z.; Huber, G.M.; Paudyal, D. [University of Regina, Regina (Canada); Bantawa, K.; Manley, D.M. [Kent State University, Kent, OH (United States); Borisov, N.S.; Neganov, A.B.; Usov, Yu.A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Braghieri, A.; Costanza, S.; Mushkarenkov, A.; Pedroni, P. [INFN Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy); Briscoe, W.J.; Collicott, C.; Demissie, B.T.; Downie, E.J.; Strakovsky, I.I. [The George Washington University, Washington, DC (United States); Cherepnya, S.; Filkov, L.V. [Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gurevich, G.M.; Kondratiev, R.; Lisin, V.; Polonski, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hornidge, D. [Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick (Canada); Korolija, M.; Supek, I. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Middleton, D.G. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick (Canada); Miskimen, R.; Rajabi, A. [University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA (United States); Prakhov, S. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sarty, A. [Saint Marys University, Department of Astronomy and Physics, Halifax (Canada); Werthmueller, D. [University of Glasgow, SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); University of Basel, Institut fuer Physik, Basel (Switzerland); Collaboration: The A2 Collaboration at MAMI

    2016-11-15

    High-statistics measurements of the photon asymmetry Σ for the vector γp → π{sup 0}p reaction have been made in the center-of-mass energy range W = 1214-1450 MeV. The data were measured with the MAMI A2 real photon beam and Crystal Ball/TAPS detector systems in Mainz, Germany. The results significantly improve the existing world data and are shown to be in good agreement with previous measurements, and with the MAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina predictions. We have also combined the photon asymmetry results with recent cross-section measurements from Mainz to calculate the profile functions, Σ (= σ{sub 0}Σ), and perform a moment analysis. Comparison with calculations from the Bonn-Gatchina model shows that the precision of the data is good enough to further constrain the higher partial waves, and there is an indication of interference between the very small F-waves and the N(1520)3/2{sup -} and N(1535)1/2{sup -} resonances. (orig.)

  8. Separated cross-sections in {pi}{sup 0} electroproduction at threshold at Q{sup 2}=0.05GeV{sup 2}/c{sup 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weis, M.; Bartsch, P.; Baumann, D.; Boehm, R.; Ding, M.; Distler, M.O.; Ewald, I.; Friedrich, J.M.; Friedrich, J.; Kahrau, M.; Krygier, K.W.; Liesenfeld, A.; Merkel, H.; Merle, P.; Mueller, U.; Neuhausen, R.; Pospischil, T.; Rosner, G.; Schmieden, H.; Wagner, A.; Walcher, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Bermuth, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Institut fuer Physik, Mainz (Germany); Bernstein, A.M.; Pavan, M.M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Cambridge, MA (United States); Bohinc, K.; Potokar, M. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Kohl, M. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Darmstadt (Germany); Seimetz, M. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Ljubljana, Department of Physics, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Sirca, S. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); University of Ljubljana, Department of Physics, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2008-10-15

    The differential cross-sections {sigma}{sub 0}={sigma}{sub T}+{epsilon}{sigma}{sub L}, {sigma}{sub LT}, and {sigma}{sub TT} of {pi}{sup 0} electroproduction from the proton were measured from threshold up to an additional center-of-mass energy of 40 MeV, at a value of the photon four-momentum transfer of Q{sup 2}=0.05 GeV2/c{sup 2} and a center-of-mass angle of {theta}=90 . By an additional out-of-plane measurement with polarized electrons {sigma}{sub LT'} was determined. This showed for the first time the presence of an imaginary part of the s-wave above the {pi}{sup +} threshold, which is usually interpreted as a unitary cusp. The predictions of the Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory (HBChPT) are in disagreement with these data. On the other hand, the data are somewhat better predicted by the MAID phenomenological model and are in good agreement with the dynamical model DMT. (orig.)

  9. Variations in content of active ingredients causing drug interactions in grapefruit juice products sold in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanwimolruk, Sompon; Marquez, Paul V

    2006-01-01

    The content of the active ingredients of grapefruit juice, naringin, naringenin and bergapten, was determined in 20 different commercial products of grapefruit juice sold in California. These included Minute Maid, Dole, Tropicana, Ocean Spray, Ralps, Albertson, Stater Bros, Vons, Langers, etc. The concentrations of naringin, naringenin and bergapten in grapefruit juice were assayed by specific HPLC methods. Naringin was found to be the most abundant flavonoid in grapefruit juice products, followed by naringenin and bergapten. The content of naringin varied among the products, ranging from 104 mg/l (Tropicana ruby red) to 628 mg/l (Ralphs white frozen concentrate). The mean contents of naringin in ruby red (158 +/- 66 [SD] mg/l) and pink (279 +/- 123 mg/l) grapefruit juice products were significantly lower than white (481 +/- 94 mg/l) (p grapefruit juice products. Content of naringenin also varied from brand to brand and ranged from 3.9 mg/l (Vons white frozen concentrate) to 31.2 mg/l (Tree Sweet pink). Bergapten content was very low in grapefruit juice products ranging from 0 (not detectable) to 5.5 mg/l. There were no significant differences in naringenin and bergapten contents among the three types of grapefruit juice products. The information gained from this study would be useful in predicting the likelihood of grapefruit juice-drug interactions.

  10. Awareness and Attitude of Healthcare Workers to Cosmetic Surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adedeji, Opeyemi Adeniyi; Oseni, Ganiyu Oladiran; Olaitan, Peter Babatunde

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed at understanding the level of awareness and elucidates the attitude and disposition of healthcare workers to cosmetic surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria. A questionnaire-based survey was done at LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, in 2012. Questionnaires were administered to 213 workers and students in the hospital. These were then analysed using SPSS version 16.0 with frequencies, means, and so forth. Respondents were 33 doctors, 32 nurses, 79 medical students, 60 nursing students, 4 administrative staff, 1 pharmacist, and 4 ward maids. There is fair awareness about cosmetic surgery generally with 94.5% and its availability in Nigeria with 67.0%. A fewer proportion of the respondents (44.5%) were aware of the facility for cosmetic surgery in their locality. A large percentage (86.5%) favorably considers facilities outside Nigeria when making choice of facility to have cosmetic surgery done. 85.5% considered the information about cosmetic surgery reliable while 19.0% objected going for cosmetic surgery of their choice even if done free. Only 34.0% consider cosmetic surgery socially acceptable. Although the awareness of health workers about cosmetic surgery is high, their disposition to it is low. There is a need to increase the awareness in order to increase cosmetic surgery practice in Nigeria. PMID:25379562

  11. Coleridge’s Colonial Interest in Abyssinian Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pyeaam Abbasi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Coleridge’s radical and colonial interests can be explored in his 1790 poems as sites of power and resistance. As a product of the complex discursive web of the 18th century, the Orientalist Coleridge could not act out of such historical forces as colonialism that had gone into shaping him and his poetry. Although he attacked European corruption and desired a revolutionary figure such as Mahomet to make a return to Abyssinia as home to true Christianity, Coleridge perpetuated the prejudice of Christianity’s superiority over Islam. Disillusioned by the French Revolution, Coleridge created Mahomet to replace Napoleon to pave the way to Abyssinia where true Christianity began. This study is an attempt to show that Coleridge’s radical interpretation of Mahomet, and desire for the Abyssinian maid and a Pantisocratic setting are all ideologically-shaped discursive practices within the context of 18th century colonialism. With such political elements as colonization in mind, a better historically-engaged understanding of Coleridge can be achieved.

  12. Awareness and Attitude of Healthcare Workers to Cosmetic Surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opeyemi Adeniyi Adedeji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at understanding the level of awareness and elucidates the attitude and disposition of healthcare workers to cosmetic surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria. A questionnaire-based survey was done at LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, in 2012. Questionnaires were administered to 213 workers and students in the hospital. These were then analysed using SPSS version 16.0 with frequencies, means, and so forth. Respondents were 33 doctors, 32 nurses, 79 medical students, 60 nursing students, 4 administrative staff, 1 pharmacist, and 4 ward maids. There is fair awareness about cosmetic surgery generally with 94.5% and its availability in Nigeria with 67.0%. A fewer proportion of the respondents (44.5% were aware of the facility for cosmetic surgery in their locality. A large percentage (86.5% favorably considers facilities outside Nigeria when making choice of facility to have cosmetic surgery done. 85.5% considered the information about cosmetic surgery reliable while 19.0% objected going for cosmetic surgery of their choice even if done free. Only 34.0% consider cosmetic surgery socially acceptable. Although the awareness of health workers about cosmetic surgery is high, their disposition to it is low. There is a need to increase the awareness in order to increase cosmetic surgery practice in Nigeria.

  13. Motorcycle accident in a forensic-pathological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Lanino

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to investigate the association between the injuries in motorcycle accident and the main accident configurations. The data were provided by a multicentric case-control study MAIDS regarding the risk of crash and injuries of motorcyclists. Chi-square test was used to evaluate the relationship between the variables and a logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association of injury severity with some variables supposed to be predictive factors. Lesive patterns characterized by internal haemorrhages are mainly associated with fronto-lateral crashes, above all in urban areas. Lacerations or abrasions, mainly reported in torso and lower extremities, are mostly associated with single crashes or accidents in queue also for crashes occurred to low speed (< 50 km/h. The severity of injuries is highly associated with impact speed, regardless of the crash configuration. Fractures and haemorrhages play an importan role in determing the severity of injuries. The upper extremities are the anatomic area most frequently traumatised.

  14. Measurement of target and double-spin asymmetries for the e ⃗p ⃗→e π+(n ) reaction in the nucleon resonance region at low Q2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, X.; Adhikari, K. P.; Bosted, P.; Deur, A.; Drozdov, V.; El Fassi, L.; Kang, Hyekoo; Kovacs, K.; Kuhn, S.; Long, E.; Phillips, S. K.; Ripani, M.; Slifer, K.; Smith, L. C.; Adikaram, D.; Akbar, Z.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Asryan, G.; Avakian, H.; Badui, R. A.; Ball, J.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Biselli, A. S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Bültmann, S.; Burkert, V. D.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Chen, J.-P.; Chetry, T.; Choi, Seonho; Ciullo, G.; Clark, L.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Crede, V.; D'Angelo, A.; Dashyan, N.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Djalali, C.; Dodge, G. E.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fanchini, E.; Fedotov, G.; Fersch, R.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Gleason, C.; Golovach, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guler, N.; Guo, L.; Hanretty, C.; Harrison, N.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Isupov, E. L.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joosten, S.; Keller, D.; Khachatryan, G.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Lanza, L.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Markov, N.; McKinnon, B.; Mirazita, M.; Mokeev, V.; Movsisyan, A.; Munevar, E.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Murdoch, G.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Net, L. A.; Ni, A.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Paolone, M.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Peng, P.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Raue, B. A.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Roy, P.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schumacher, R. A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Skorodumina, Iu.; Smith, G. D.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stankovic, I.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Tian, Ye; Ungaro, M.; Voskanyan, H.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zhang, J.; Zonta, I.; CLAS Collaboration

    2016-10-01

    We report measurements of target- and double-spin asymmetries for the exclusive channel e ⃗p ⃗→e π+(n ) in the nucleon resonance region at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). These asymmetries were extracted from data obtained using a longitudinally polarized NH3 target and a longitudinally polarized electron beam with energies 1.1, 1.3, 2.0, 2.3, and 3.0 GeV. The new results are consistent with previous CLAS publications but are extended to a low Q2 range from 0.0065 to 0.35 (GeV/c ) 2 . The Q2 access was made possible by a custom-built Cherenkov detector that allowed the detection of electrons for scattering angles as low as 6∘. These results are compared with the unitary isobar models JANR and MAID, the partial-wave analysis prediction from SAID, and the dynamic model DMT. In many kinematic regions our results, in particular results on the target asymmetry, help to constrain the polarization-dependent components of these models.

  15. Measurement of the gπNN(t) Form Factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vansyoc, Kelley Gene [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)

    2001-08-01

    Cross sections were measured for the reaction 1H(e, e' π+ )n at the energy W = 1.95 GeV and momentum transfer Q 2 = 0.6 (GeV/c) 2 . At this W and Q 2 , the longitudinal cross section is dominated by t-channel production, giving a unique opportunity to examine the strong coupling form factor g πNN(t). The measured cross sections were separated using a method similar to a Rosenbluth separation. For the extraction of g πNN (t), the Actor and Korner model [42] and a parameterization of the MAID2000 model [3] were employed to fit the longitudinal cross section. Three parameterizations gπNN(π) were used in both models. These fits resulted in a strong coupling constant gπNN(m$2\\atop{2}$) that is consistent with theoretical predictions. However, this coupling constant leads to a cutoff parameter that is less than 1 GeV.

  16. PENINGKATAN PENGENDALIAN KUALITAS MELALUI METODE LEAN SIX SIGMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnawan Adi Wicaksono

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia (PT. CCAI merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang minuman ringan dalam kemasan. Perusahaan ini menjadi pusat produksi produk Coca-Cola regional Jawa Tengah. Berbagai macam produk seperti Coca-Cola, Fanta, Sprite, Minute Maid dan Frestea diproduksi demi memenuhi kebutuhan pelanggan. Produk-produk tersebut tentunya tidak terlepas dari permasalahan produk cacat, dimana dalam produksinya terdapat produk yang tidak sesuai dengan standar ketetapan produk. Secara umum, produk cacat PT.CCAI dibagi menjadi tiga tipe, yakni cap, cap quality, dan underfill. Dari hasil analisis yang dilakukan, produk Coca-Cola 1000 ml memiliki jumlah cacat yang paling besar, yakni 0,49%. Penyebab terbesar dari terjadinya cacat produk pada produk Coca-Cola 1000 ml adalah underfill, dimana volume dari produk yang dihasilkan tidak sesuai dengan batas minimal. Permasalahan tersebut diselesaikan menggunakan konsep Lean Six Sigma dengan menggunakan tools diagram Pareto dan diagram tulang ikan. Dari hasil analisis menggunakan tools tersebut, PT. CCAI Semarang  disarankan untuk memberikan pelatihan-pelatihan mengenai manajemen waktu pada karyawan-karyawannya, terutama pada karyawan-karyawan baru. Selain itu, PT. CCAI Semarang harus  juga melakukan pengecekan mesin yang lebih rutin dan lebih memperhatikan lingkungan area produksi.

  17. "Worthless female material": nursemaids and governesses in Freud's cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombo, Daria

    2010-10-01

    The figure of the governess, central in Freud's own history, is present in most of his cases. Freud described his nursemaid as "the prime originator" of his neuroses. Well after Freud's abandonment of the seduction theory, female servants were consistently portrayed as seducing boys, while their relationship with girls consisted of identification and rivalry. The role of Freud's own surrogate mother in his life and writing is examined, and two cases, Lucy R. and Dora, are looked at through the lens of female caretaking. A review and integration of relevant literature is followed by an exploration of the perplexing adherence in Freud's writing to the reality of seduction by a governess, even after he had abandoned the seduction theory. It is argued that it is in the figure of the female maid that the "shadowy" early history of Freud's mothering experiences may actually be engaged, however indirectly and unconsciously. This figure, and Freud's powerful, problematic identification with her, is a thread that when pulled helps unravel struggles in Freud's early theoretical development around issues of female sexuality and analytic authority. Revisiting Lucy R. and Dora provides a new perspective on Freud's difficulty with maternal transferences, and restores to their original importance his "worthless" governesses, those first analysts.

  18. Performance of selected Estonian firms financed with start-up frant: ability to follow plans and grant usage efficiency. Starditoetuse poolt finantseeritud valitud alustavate ettevõtete tegevuse tulemuslikkus: võimekus plaanidest kinni pidada ning stardit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Lukason

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Whereas start-up firms are important engines of growth and face at the same time many impediments in the market, government aid to start-ups has been used extensively in different countries. In this article we have studied the performance of a small sample on new Estonian firms that received public start-up grant. For the analysis we use the rather unique data on the firms’ plans for the 3 successive years after the start-up. The decisions to grant the start-up aid were maid based on these plans. The results indicated that while many firms could not meet their reported goals (in terms of turnover, profit and the number of jobs created and more than half of the firms had tax arrears, the estimated labour taxes paid by these firms were much higher compared to the sum of the grant, thus indicating the positive net impact of grants on the state’s fiscal position.

  19. Making sense of the global economy: 10 resources for health promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohindra, K S; Labonté, Ronald

    2010-09-01

    Population health is shaped by more than local or national influences-the global matters. Health promotion practitioners and researchers increasingly are challenged to engage with upstream factors related to the global economy, such as global prescriptions for national macroeconomic policies, debt relief and international trade. This paper identifies 10 books (A Brief History of Neoliberalism, Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism, The World is Not Flat: Inequality and Injustice in Our Global Economy, Globalization and its Discontents, The Debt Threat: How Debt is Destroying the Developing World, Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy, A Race Against Time, Globalization and Health: An Introduction, Global Public Goods for Health: Health Economics and Public Health Perspectives, Trade and Health: Seeking Common Ground) and several key reports that we found to be particularly useful for understanding the global economy's effects on people's health. We draw attention to issues helpful in understanding the present global financial crisis.

  20. Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence from Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Brennan R.; Grison, Sarah; Gao, Xuefei; Christianson, Kiel; Morrow, Daniel G.; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A. L.

    2013-01-01

    We report an investigation of aging and individual differences in binding information during sentence understanding. An age-continuous sample of adults (N = 91), ranging from 18 to 81 years of age, read sentences in which a relative clause could be attached high to a head noun NP1, attached low to its modifying prepositional phrase NP2 (e.g., The son of the princess who scratched himself / herself in public was humiliated), or in which the attachment site of the relative clause was ultimately indeterminate (e.g., The maid of the princess who scratched herself in public was humiliated). Word-by-word reading times and comprehension (e.g., who scratched?) were measured. A series of mixed-effects models were fit to the data, revealing: (1) that, on average, NP1-attached sentences were harder to process and comprehend than NP2-attached sentences; (2) that these average effects were independently moderated by verbal working memory capacity and reading experience, with effects that were most pronounced in the oldest participants and; (3) that readers on average did not allocate extra time to resolve global ambiguities, though older adults with higher working memory span did. Findings are discussed in relation to current models of lifespan cognitive development, working memory, language experience, and the role of prosodic segmentation strategies in reading. Collectively, these data suggest that aging brings differences in sentence understanding, and these differences may depend on independent influences of verbal working memory capacity and reading experience. PMID:24291806

  1. Ties that bind: state policy and migrant female domestic helpers in Singapore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, S; Yeoh, B S

    1996-01-01

    The introduction to this paper reviews the global economic restructuring that has led to theories of a new international division of labor (NIDL) marked by a global feminization of labor that exploits traditional feminine qualities. The argument is made that the NIDL theory fails to cover international labor migration such as that undertaken by female domestic servants in East and Southeast Asia. After summarizing recent research on international waged domestic labor, it is noted that policies of labor-sending countries have, until recently, reflected concerns with enhancing the flow of remittances home to relieve international debt rather than with the well-being of the workers. The paper goes on to focus on the effect of Singapore's state policies on incoming labor migration. After examining the conditions that created the demand for foreign maids, the paper investigates how state policy facilitated the exploitation of these women and perpetuated the social ideology of housework both as women's work and as non-work. It is shown that the official view that paid or unpaid productive labor belongs to the private domain beyond the purview of the state has detrimental repercussions for foreign domestic helpers. These arguments are bolstered with data from secondary sources and from field work conducted in 1995 involving a survey of 162 matched pairs of foreign domestic helpers and employers and in-depth interviews with 15 workers and 15 employers (13 matched pairs).

  2. Experimental study of η meson photoproduction reaction at MAMI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashevarov, V. L.

    2015-06-01

    New data for the differential cross sections, polarization observables T, F, and E in the reaction of η photoproduction on proton from the threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of W=1.9 GeV are presented. The data were obtained with the Crystal-Ball/TAPS detector setup at the Glasgow tagged photon facility of the Mainz Microtron MAMI. The polarization measurements were made using a frozen-spin butanol target and circularly polarized photon beam. The results are compared to existing experimental data and different PWA predictions. The data solve a long-standing problem related the angular dependence of older T data close to threshold. The unexpected relative phase motion between s- and d-wave amplitudes required by the old data is not confirmed. At higher energies, all model predictions fail to reproduce the new polarization data indicating a significant impact on our understanding of the underlying dynamics of η meson photoproduction. Furthermore, we present a fit of the new data and existing data from GRAAL for ∑ asymmetry based on an expansion in terms of associated Legendre polynomials. A Legendre decomposition shows the sensitivity to small partialwave contributions. The sensitivity of the Legendre coefficients to the nucleon resonance parameters is shown using the ηMAID isobar model.

  3. Experimental study of η meson photoproduction reaction at MAMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashevarov V. L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available New data for the differential cross sections, polarization observables T, F, and E in the reaction of η photoproduction on proton from the threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of W=1.9 GeV are presented. The data were obtained with the Crystal-Ball/TAPS detector setup at the Glasgow tagged photon facility of the Mainz Microtron MAMI. The polarization measurements were made using a frozen-spin butanol target and circularly polarized photon beam. The results are compared to existing experimental data and different PWA predictions. The data solve a long-standing problem related the angular dependence of older T data close to threshold. The unexpected relative phase motion between s- and d-wave amplitudes required by the old data is not confirmed. At higher energies, all model predictions fail to reproduce the new polarization data indicating a significant impact on our understanding of the underlying dynamics of η meson photoproduction. Furthermore, we present a fit of the new data and existing data from GRAAL for ∑ asymmetry based on an expansion in terms of associated Legendre polynomials. A Legendre decomposition shows the sensitivity to small partialwave contributions. The sensitivity of the Legendre coefficients to the nucleon resonance parameters is shown using the ηMAID isobar model.

  4. To become yourself. On Narcyza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Graczyk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes and interprets the style, structure, and narration in the novel that marked the transition in Nałkowska’s fiction from the Young Poland phase to the inter-war phase. The author shows the place of the novel in Nałkowska’s work, presenting the links with the work of other women writers of the 19th century, especially Orzeszkowa and Zapolska. The author attempts to demonstrate that Narcyza’s features elements of novelistic, feminine polyphony and irony (thanks to the use of the work of literary mothers; such elements were rare in the novelists earlier texts.The second part of the article is devoted to the analysis of the main heroine; the author demonstrates that Nałkowska wants to make the character a problematic and ideological heroine in the Bakhtinian sense. The author analyses the novelist’s techniques of “advancing” Narcyza, and the attempts to extricate the heroine, who is a marriageable maid, from the romance-like situation and to turn her into a serious character in the sense that used to be exclusively possible for male characters. 

  5. Another word on parsing relative clauses: eyetracking evidence from Spanish and English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreiras, M; Clifton, C

    1999-09-01

    Ambiguity as to what the relative clause modifies in phrases such as Someone shot the maid of the actress who was divorced/Alguien disparó contra la criada de la actriz que estaba divorciada tends to be resolved differently in different languages (and in different forms of complex noun phrases). In English, there is a weak but seldom significant tendency for the relative clause to be taken as modifying the second noun phrase, the actress, but in Spanish, several researchers have found a significant preference for the relative clause's modifying the first noun phrase, la criada. The present experiments compare Spanish and English readers' eye movements while reading exactly comparable sentences in their native languages and find a significant reading time advantage in Spanish when it is forced to modify the first noun phrase, but in English when the relative clause is forced to modify the second noun phrase. Theoretical implications of the findings for previous explanations of the phenomenon are discussed.

  6. Recently measured large AN for forward neutrons in p↑A collisions at √{sN N}=200 GeV explained through simulations of ultraperipheral collisions and hadronic interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitsuka, Gaku

    2017-04-01

    The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider recently reported transverse single-spin asymmetry, AN, for forward neutrons in p↑A collisions at √{sNN}=200 GeV . AN in p↑Al and p↑Au collisions were measured as -0.015 and 0.18, respectively. These values are clearly different from the measured AN=-0.08 in p↑p collisions. In this paper, I propose that a large AN for forward neutrons in ultraperipheral p↑A collisions may explain the PHENIX measurements. The proposed model is demonstrated using two Monte Carlo simulations. In the ultraperipheral collision simulation, I use the starlight event generator for the simulation of the virtual photon flux and then use the maid2007 unitary isobar model for the simulation of neutron production in the interactions of a virtual photon with a polarized proton. In the p↑A hadronic interaction simulation, the differential cross sections for forward neutron production are predicted by a simple one-pion exchange model and the Glauber model. The simulated AN values for both the contribution of ultraperipheral collisions and the hadronic interactions are in good agreement with the PHENIX results.

  7. Beam helicity asymmetries in K{sup +}Λ electroproduction off the proton at low Q{sup 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Achenbach, P.; Ayerbe Gayoso, C.; Boehm, R.; Distler, M.O.; Esser, A.; Gomez Rodriguez, M.; Merkel, H.; Mueller, U.; Pochodzalla, J.; Sanchez Majos, S.; Schlimme, B.S.; Schoth, M.; Schulz, F.; Sfienti, C.; Thiel, M. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Borodina, O. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt (Germany); Bosnar, D.; Friscic, I. [University of Zagreb, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Zagreb (Croatia); Bozkurt, V.; Kim, E.; Rappold, C. [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt (Germany); Bydzovsky, P.; Skoupil, D. [Nuclear Physics Institute, Rez (Czech Republic); Debenjak, L.; Sirca, S. [University of Ljubljana and Institut ' ' Jozef Stefan' ' , Ljubljana (Slovenia); Fujii, Y.; Gogami, T.; Hashimoto, O.; Hirose, S.; Kanda, H.; Kaneta, M.; Nagao, S.; Nakamura, S.N.; Tsukada, K. [Tohoku University, Department of Physics, Sendai (Japan); Margaryan, A. [Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan (Armenia); Reinhold, J. [Florida International University, Department of Physics, Miami, FL (United States); Saito, T.R. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt (Germany); Helmholtz Institute Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Sanchez Lorente, A. [Helmholtz Institute Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Tang, L. [Hampton University, Department of Physics, Hampton, VA (United States); Collaboration: A1 Collaboration

    2017-10-15

    Beam helicity asymmetries in the vector ep → e{sup '}K{sup +}Λ reaction have been measured at unprecedentedly low four-momentum transfers left angle Q{sup 2} right angle = 0.05 (GeV/c){sup 2}. At the Mainz Microtron (MAMI), the experiment was performed with a longitudinally polarized beam and an out-of-plane detection of the scattered electron. This experiment probed the associated helicity-dependent structure function dσ{sub LT}{sup {sub '}}/dΩ{sub K}{sup c.m.}, which is sensitive to the details of resonances of the proton. The results were compared to models for kaon electroproduction using effective Lagrangians. The MAMI data is not supporting the Kaon-Maid isobar model, which uses strong longitudinal couplings of the virtual photon to nucleon resonances and predicts a strong peaking of the structure function at forward angles and low Q{sup 2}. The data is also in disagreement with a Regge-plus-resonance model that predicts the incorrect sign of the structure function. The combination of the MAMI results with data taken at higher four-momentum transfers measured at Jefferson Lab indicates a smooth transition in Q{sup 2} without significant changes of the interference pattern in the electroproduction process. (orig.)

  8. Integrating a Genetic Algorithm Into a Knowledge-Based System for Ordering Complex Design Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, James L.; McCulley, Collin M.; Bloebaum, Christina L.

    1996-01-01

    The design cycle associated with large engineering systems requires an initial decomposition of the complex system into design processes which are coupled through the transference of output data. Some of these design processes may be grouped into iterative subcycles. In analyzing or optimizing such a coupled system, it is essential to be able to determine the best ordering of the processes within these subcycles to reduce design cycle time and cost. Many decomposition approaches assume the capability is available to determine what design processes and couplings exist and what order of execution will be imposed during the design cycle. Unfortunately, this is often a complex problem and beyond the capabilities of a human design manager. A new feature, a genetic algorithm, has been added to DeMAID (Design Manager's Aid for Intelligent Decomposition) to allow the design manager to rapidly examine many different combinations of ordering processes in an iterative subcycle and to optimize the ordering based on cost, time, and iteration requirements. Two sample test cases are presented to show the effects of optimizing the ordering with a genetic algorithm.

  9. [Unmarried women of the war generation: an explorative study of their goals in life and personal satisfaction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilken, B; Kemmler, L

    1997-01-01

    Older never-married women are often confronted with negative stereotypes which find expression in terms like "spinster" or "old maid". Their life-situation, however, has rarely been a subject of empirical studies. In a research project at the University of Münster, started in 1985, some psychological and social aspects of the life-situation of never-married employed women born between 1919 and 1933 (in comparison to married women of the same age not employed) were studied by means of detailed interviews. Parts of the results concerning "life goals" and "life satisfaction" are described. The results relativize the negative stereotypes mentioned above. They indicate that in the retrospective view of their lives the never-married women had many life goals which they could not achieve, but that they do not regret this at present. They rate their life satisfaction as very high and actively pursue present goals and interests. There are only few differences between never-married and married women. The results are discussed with regard to cognitive theories of aging and to the specific historical background of the interviewees.

  10. «En Casa [, Cama] y Compañía». Yacer a lomos del siglo XVIII en los hogares eclesiásticos burgaleses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanz de la Higuera, Francisco J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The sexual behaviour of several priests in Burgos in the middle of the 18th century, is it a widespread sign or just an exception? Most the clergymen from Burgos lived in household enlarged for working reasons, thanks to the presence of one or several maids. The temptation was at the other side of their bedroom doors. When they died, an important number of the last wills of the clergymen in Burgos presented «una cama completa» to their female servants. Was there a secret reason?Las conductas sexuales de varios clérigos en el Burgos de mediados del Setecientos ¿son un síntoma generalizado o una mera excepción? La mayoría de los clérigos burgaleses residían en hogares ensanchados por razones laborales, merced a la presencia de una o varias criadas. La tentación estaba al otro lado de las puertas de sus dormitorios. Al fallecer, un número notable de últimas voluntades de los presbíteros burgaleses ordenaba la entrega a su servicio doméstico femenino de «una cama completa». ¿Existía alguna causa inconfesable?

  11. La Jolie Fille de Perth de Bizet  ou comment trahir et honorer Walter Scott Bizet’s Jolie Fille de Perth or How to Betray and Honour Walter Scott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Couderc

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available What remains of Walter Scott’s Fair Maid of Perth in Bizet’s 1867 Jolie Fille de Perth, an opera in 4acts on a libretto by Jules Adenis and Vernoy de Saint-Georges? Not much when compared to other Scott-inspired operas. Little historical context or local colour, even in Bizet’s music. Some characters remotely linked to Scott in a libretto that mostly abides by the rules of French opera or opéra-comique of the time and recycles the dramatic ingredients favoured by Saint-Georges, a purveyor of libretti for opera or the ballet second only to Scribe, who engendered such international successes as Flotow’s Martha and Balfe’s Bohemian Girl, whose gipsy, long before his Carmen, haunts Bizet’s “Scottish” opera. Yet the work pays indirect homage to Scott, whose historical novels contributed to the birth of the French “grand opera”, by rewriting scenes or situations drawn from Scott. In spite of borrowing freely from French grand opera and opéra-comique, Bizet here attempts to find his own musical expression and his opera reflects aspects of Second Empire French society and the roles it assigned to women, before the appearance of his revolutionary Carmen on the stage.Que reste t’il du roman de Walter Scott The Fair Maid of Perth dans la Jolie Fille de Perth de Bizet, opéra en 4 actes de 1867 sur un livret de Vernoy de Saint-Georges, vieux routier du théâtre lyrique, et Jules Adenis ? Pas grand-chose par rapport aux opéras inspirés par Scott. Peu d’Ecosse, une absence remarquable de couleur locale ou historique, des personnages vaguement inspirés de Scott pour un livret qui se plie surtout aux règles de l’opéra français et de l’opéra-comique à la manière de Scribe et recycle les ingrédients habituels des livrets de Saint-Georges, père de succès internationaux comme la Martha de Flotow et de la Bohemian Girl de Balfe, dont la figure exotique de la bohémienne, longtemps avant Carmen, hante l’opéra

  12. Nutritional diagnosis for eucalypt by DRIS, M-DRIS, and CND Diagnose nutricional do eucalipto pelo DRIS, M-DRIS e CND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gualter Guenther Costa da Silva

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The evaluation of the nutritional status in eucalypt (Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid. forests through vegetal tissue analyses what reflects water and nutrient flows in the system, and represents a complementary tool to soil analysis can be helpful to raise and maintain the forest productivity at high levels. This study compared the use of the Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS, Modified-DRIS (M-DRIS, and Compositional Nutrient Diagnosis (CND diagnose methods in eucalypt stands in Central-Eastern Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data of productivity and of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg leaf contents in 993 Eucalyptus grandis stands aging between 72 and 153 months, planted on six sites in 3 ´ 2 m spacing, were used. The nutritional status was diagnosed by the DRIS, M-DRIS, and CND methods, and validated by the chi-square (c² test applied to the nutrients diagnosed as primary limiting by deficiency. These three methods were compared to each other based on the diagnosis concordance frequency (DCF derived from the fertilization response potential (FRP by the criteria considering each nutrient separately; from all (5 to none (0; and only the primary limiting nutrients by either deficiency or excess. The diagnosis concordance level among the methods was procedure-dependent, and varied according to the nutrient concentration in trees.A avaliação do estado nutricional em florestas de eucalipto (Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid., mediante análises de tecido vegetal, pode ser importante para elevação e manutenção em níveis elevados da produtividade florestal, pois, reflete os fluxos de água e de nutrientes no sistema, sendo ferramenta complementar à análise de solo. O presente trabalho foi realizado aplicando-se o Sistema Integrado de Diagnose e Recomendação (DRIS, DRIS modificado (M-DRIS e Diagnose da Composição Nutricional (CND, com o objetivo de comparar as diagnoses realizadas entre os métodos DRIS, M-DRIS e CND para o

  13. Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for Patients with High-Risk Extremity and Truncal Sarcomas: A 10-year Single Institution Retrospective Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Look Hong, Nicole J.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Harmon, David. C.; Choy, Edwin; Lin Chen, Yen; Yoon, Sam S.; Nielsen, G. Petur; Szymonifka, Jackie; Yeap, Beow Y.; DeLaney, Thomas F.; Mullen, John T.

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients with large, high-grade extremity and truncal soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are at considerable risk for recurrence. A regimen of preoperative chemotherapy consisting of mesna, adriamycin, ifosfamide, and dacarbazine (MAID), interdigitated with radiotherapy (RT), followed by resection and postoperative chemotherapy with or without RT, has demonstrated high rates of local and distant control. The goal of this study is to assess outcomes in a recent cohort of patients treated on this regimen. Methods We retrospectively reviewed records of 66 consecutive patients with STS of the extremity or trunk who were treated with the aforementioned regimen from May 2000–April 2011. Clinicopathologic characteristics and patient outcomes were analyzed. Results Sixty-six patients were analyzed and were equally divided between grade 2 and 3 tumors. Margins were negative in 57 (89%) patients and positive in 7 (11%) patients. At a median follow-up of 46 months, there were 6 (9%) locoregional and 20 (30%) distant recurrences. The locoregional and distant 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were 91% and 64%, respectively. The 5-year overall (OS) and disease-specific survival rates were 86% and 89%, respectively. There were no treatment-related deaths or secondary myelodysplasias. Thirty-four (52%) patients had grade 3 or 4 acute hematologic chemotherapy-related toxicity. There were no statistically significant predictors of OS or RFS. Conclusions For a contemporary cohort of patients with high-risk extremity and truncal STS, a regimen of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery continues to result in high rates of survival with tolerable short- and long-term toxicity. PMID:23092789

  14. [ISOMETRIC RETRACTION AND THE INVISIBLE PROCESSES OF NERVE CELLS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotnikov, O S; Vasyagina, N Yu; Krasnova, T V

    2015-01-01

    Recently, a large number of physiological studies on stress and hibernation had described an unusual morphological phenomenon of the rapid disappearance and reapperance of apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and other parts of the brain. In this article an attempt is maid to explain this phenomenon on the basis of morphological analysis of natural elastic properties of neuroplasm and structural kinetics of partially preserved processes of the living isolated neurons. The neuroplasm displacement with its bidirectional flow was identified in the processes. A new physiological phenomenon is described--the isometric retraction of nerve cell processes, during which the neuroplasm fluxes were directed to the opposite sides, leading to abrupt thinning of middle parts of the processes and to a thickening of both ends. It is suggested that the extremely attenuated processes can reach the submicroscopic sizes, becoming invisible in the light microscope. The repeated reversible "disappearance" and "appearance" of the processes was demonstrated supravitally in the culture of neurons and of C-1300 neuroblastoma cells. Reduction of the diameter of the processes to a limit of their visibility was demonstrated by the example of their natural stretching. The same effect was observed in the areas between the reversible varicosities of the processes. These areas became extremely thin, and then invisible. Becoming thinner, the processes were capable of sharp extension. A review of the available literature and our own data allow to conclude that the phenomenon of the disappearance of the apical dendrites was due to their isometric retraction, which lead to the emergence of "invisible processes".

  15. Sensitization to Rubber Accelerators in Northeastern Italy: The Triveneto Patch Test Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttazzo, Silvia; Prodi, Andrea; Fortina, Anna Belloni; Corradin, Maria Teresa; Larese Filon, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    Natural and synthetic rubbers containing rubber accelerators are well-known causes of occupational skin disease. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by rubber gloves is frequent and has almost exclusively been attributed to contact sensitization to accelerators. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of rubber accelerators sensitization in the population living in northeastern Italy, to find time trend and a correlation with occupations, and to investigate co-sensitization between rubber accelerators. A population of 23,774 subjects was patch tested in 6 cities in northeastern Italy in the years 1996 to 2012 using carba mix 3%, thiuram mix 1%, benzothiazole (MBT) mix 1%, and isopropyl phenyl paraphenylamine diamine (IPPD) mix 0.6%. The overall frequency of carbamates, MBT, thiurams, and IPPD mix sensitization was 3.4%, 0.65%, 1.75%, and 0.83%, respectively. On a logistic regression analysis (control group: white-collar workers), we found a statistically significant association to carbamates (odds ratio [OR], 1.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.7) and thiurams (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.3) for health care workers. Thiuram sensitivity was also significantly associated with dermatitis in maids and restaurant workers (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.4-3.6), hairdressers (OR, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.8-7.1), shop assistants (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.2-6.8), construction workers (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.7-4.1), mechanics (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.3-3.4), and professional drivers (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2-5.9). In conclusion, our results demonstrated that rubber accelerators have an important role in allergic contact dermatitis in the northeast of Italy and their sensitization is associated significantly with occupations that wear gloves or use chemical substances. Between rubber accelerators tested, carbamates sensitization is prevalent and increasing during considered years.

  16. Street children turn to sex-work to survive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-08-01

    The Kenyan government currently deports tourists who are caught with child prostitutes and charges the children with prostitution. A harder treatment of foreigners caught with child prostitutes may soon emerge. The Undugu Society in Kenya, an organization working with street children, welcomes such changes. It teaches children practical skills, e.g., tailoring and carpentry. The Society has four schools and sponsors 1000 children to attend school or workshops. It sends social workers into the slums to counsel and gain the trust of street children as well as to encourage them to attend workshops. The Society has workshops on HIV transmission and emphasizes behavior change rather than condom use. Kenyan law prohibits adults from having sex with a child less than 18 years old. Juvenile courts deal with children caught engaging in solicitation of customers and/or prostitution. Children found guilty go to children's homes for rehabilitation into mainstream society. More and more countries of sex-tourists are punishing tourists who engage in sexual intercourse with minors in Kenya. Fear that high-profile cases will harm the multi-million-dollar tourist industry as well as lack of state resources makes Kenya reluctant to prosecute tourists. In 1994, most of Nairobi's 40,000 street children were engaged in prostitution. The leading centers of child prostitution are all tourist areas: Nairobi, Mombasa, Malindi, Lamu, and Diani. 80% of pornographic material in Kenya features children. Kenyan taxi drivers, tour guides, and hotel workers serve as middlemen in child prostitution. Urban poverty forces many children on to the streets. Rural children sent to urban areas to work as maids or servants in a rich house are often sexually abused. They then escape to the streets. Many child prostitutes come from poor families and have low literacy and no practical skills. AIDS orphans also become prostitutes to survive.

  17. Effect of age on calorific value and some mechanical properties of three Eucalyptus species grown in Ethiopia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mulugeta Lemenih; Tsegaye Bekele [Wondo Genet College of Forestry, Shashemene (Ethiopia)

    2004-09-01

    The effect of age on calorific value, specific gravity, modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) of three plantation grown Eucalyptus species in the south-central highlands of Ethiopia was investigated. The species investigated were Eucalyptus globulus Labill., E. saligna Sm. and E grandis W. Hill ex Maid. The investigation was made on sample trees taken from age sequences of stands of the three species. Calorific values were determined on sample discs taken at 4, 8, 12 and 16 m up the stems of the sample trees. Calorific values were also determined for heartwood and sapwood of each disc separately. Specific gravity, MOR and MOE were investigated on a 1 -m long sample log taken from the butt end of each sample tree. The results showed that there was no significant difference in calorific values between the three species when considering a similar age category. Similarly, there was no significant difference in calorific values between disc positions and wood types (heartwood versus sapwood) within species. However, calorific values tend to increase along the tree stem towards the treetop for each of the three species. Correlation between calorific values of each disc position and tree age was generally weak and dominantly negative for E. saligna and E. globulus, but positive for E. grandis. On the other hand, there was a weak but positive correlation between tree age and specific gravity and MOR for the three species. MOE was almost non-correlated with age. Generally, the results showed that waiting for older ages for the three Eucalyptus species may not further increase their calorific values. Hence, stands of the three Eucalyptus species can be harvested and used for fuelwood at an early age as traditionally managed on short-rotation basis. (author)

  18. ‘It’s good to be useful’: activity provision on green care farms in Norway for people living with dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobba Therkildsen Sudmann

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Green care farms offer activity provision to people living with dementia but the body of knowledge on how participants use and appraise these services is limited. Aims: To study how participants make use of the farms, how social interaction and activities facilitate or hinder enablement and reablement, and how participants relate this to wellbeing and joy. Methods and participants: Data were drawn from a study of green care in three Norwegian municipalities. The theoretical framework was micro-sociology, and the methodology was case studies/participant observation, including approximately 25 participants, five farmers and three farms. Ethical approval was obtained and discretion was exercised when assessing conditions for consent. Results and discussion: Enablement and contentment are related to micro-interaction, roles and audiences. The farmhand/maid role is created by tasks, tools, a supervisor and ‘being useful’, the guest role by coffee drinking, a host and ‘being away’. Micro-interaction creates a liminal experience, during which the significance of the dementia is diminished. Conclusions: Green care provides contact with nature and animals, physical activity, communal meals and social interaction. It enables/reables participants and reduces the risk of embarrassment and stigma. Provision needs to be developed, with a greater variety of activities to support the persons’ identity and self-esteem, and to ensure there are person-tailored services in a social setting. More research is needed to show how valued elements from green care can be implemented within regular dementia daycare services. Implications for practice: Activity provision on green care farms shows that real and meaningful activities enhance participants’ sense of wellbeing Green care is a liminal experience during which interaction creates a sense of community and a situated identity, diminishing the significance of dementia Farmers and their

  19. Risk of mental health and nutritional problems for left-behind children of international labor migrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickramage, Kolitha; Siriwardhana, Chesmal; Vidanapathirana, Puwalani; Weerawarna, Sulochana; Jayasekara, Buddhini; Pannala, Gayani; Adikari, Anushka; Jayaweera, Kaushalya; Peiris, Sharika; Siribaddana, Sisira; Sumathipala, Athula

    2015-03-06

    One-in-ten Sri Lankans are employed abroad as International Labor Migrants (ILM), mainly as domestic maids or low-skilled laborers. Little is known about the impact their migration has on the health status of the children they 'leave behind'. This national study explored associations between the health status of 'left-behind' children of ILM's with those from comparative non-migrant families. A cross-sectional study design with multi-stage random sampling was used to survey a total of 820 children matched for both age and sex. Socio-demographic and health status data were derived using standardized pre-validated instruments. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to estimate the differences in mental health outcomes between children of migrant vs. non-migrant families. Two in every five left-behind children were shown to have mental disorders [95%CI: 37.4-49.2, p child psychopathological outcomes, child gender and parent's mental health status were observed. Over a quarter (30%) of the left-behind children aged 6-59 months were 'underweight or severely underweight' compared to 17.7% of non-migrant children. Findings provide evidence on health consequences for children of migrant worker families in a country experiencing heavy out-migration of labour, where remittances from ILM's remain as the single highest contributor to the economy. These findings may be relevant for other labour 'sending countries' in Asia relying on contractual labor migration for economic gain. Further studies are needed to assess longitudinal health impacts on the children left-behind.

  20. BIOLOGIA DE Spodoptera frugiperda (J. SMITH (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE EM FOLHAS DE MANDIOCA (Manihot esculenta, CRANTZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gislane da Silva Lopes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Spodoptera frugiperda is a species polyphagous that attacks several cultures economically important in various countries. It is known in the larval phases as fall armyworm and it is to main curse of the culture of the corn in Brazil.It was found recently fed her in plantings of cassava in São Luís and Itapecuru Mirim (MA. As the knowledge of the biology of the insect is of fundamental importance for the development of handling strategies, inside of the integrated handling of curses, the work aimed at to study the biology and the behavior of S. frugiperda in cassava leaves, maids in laboratory conditions. 60 coming caterpillars of the creation were used in articial diet. After the appearance the larvas were individualized in disposable plastic glasses with capacity for 100 ml and fed with cassava leaves, that they were changed every other day, or according to need. The experiment was led in climate chamber, regulated for temperature of 25°C, relative humidity of 60 + 10% and fotofase of 14 hours. The appraised biological parameters demonstrated the medium duration of the total cycle of 39,93 days, distributed in 6 or 7 you urge, where the species presented larval viability, pupal and of superior adult to 75% and, percentile of of 4% and 22,97% in pupas and adults, respectively. The fecundity was of 70,84% and the adults' of 77,08% viability. Being ended that the culture of the cassava assists to the demands nutricionais of S. frugiperda.

  1. Aging and individual differences in binding during sentence understanding: evidence from temporary and global syntactic attachment ambiguities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Brennan R; Grison, Sarah; Gao, Xuefei; Christianson, Kiel; Morrow, Daniel G; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A L

    2014-02-01

    We report an investigation of aging and individual differences in binding information during sentence understanding. An age-continuous sample of adults (N=91), ranging from 18 to 81 years of age, read sentences in which a relative clause could be attached high to a head noun NP1, attached low to its modifying prepositional phrase NP2 (e.g., The son of the princess who scratched himself/herself in public was humiliated), or in which the attachment site of the relative clause was ultimately indeterminate (e.g., The maid of the princess who scratched herself in public was humiliated). Word-by-word reading times and comprehension (e.g., who scratched?) were measured. A series of mixed-effects models were fit to the data, revealing: (1) that, on average, NP1-attached sentences were harder to process and comprehend than NP2-attached sentences; (2) that these average effects were independently moderated by verbal working memory capacity and reading experience, with effects that were most pronounced in the oldest participants and; (3) that readers on average did not allocate extra time to resolve global ambiguities, though older adults with higher working memory span did. Findings are discussed in relation to current models of lifespan cognitive development, working memory, language experience, and the role of prosodic segmentation strategies in reading. Collectively, these data suggest that aging brings differences in sentence understanding, and these differences may depend on independent influences of verbal working memory capacity and reading experience. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. [The fertility of female migrant and native borns of Asuncion in relation with job opportunities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordam, J

    1978-04-01

    Internal migration has a great impact on the social structure of cities and on the fertility of the migrant women from the countryside. Migrant women adapt themselves at least in part to the rules of the city, where the economic structure can provide them with a job and the possibility of a better social status. To achieve this many women postpone marriage and are ready to accept fewer children, and often go through, in the meantime, severe emotional crises. In 1972 the Centro Paraguayano de Estudios Sociologicos promoted a survey to investigate the pattern of women emigration into the capital, Asuncion, and the pattern of fertility in those aged 15-49. The population of Asuncion increased 26.6% from 1962-1972; the level of industrialization is very low, and migrant women predominate over men, 100 vs. 80. 34.2% of them are between 15 and 29, and 81% work as maids in private families. 10% remain unmarried and 23% are, for a series of reasons, left alone. Conversely, 93% of men remain married or remarry. Migrant women marry around 22 and they have in average 1.6 children; a very low figure if compared to that of most Latin American cities. Women who work and have had some schooling have less children; women who migrated when single and younger than 15, have more children than those who migrated later or married. Understanding of the socioeconomical and cultural situation is essential to evaluate the composition of migration and the pattern of fertility. Asuncion offers migrant women very little opportunities in regard to the choice of a job and to a stable married life.

  3. Measurement of the Double Spin Asymmetry in π- Electroproduction with CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bektasoglu, Mehmet [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)

    2002-12-01

    The double spin asymmetry σet/ σ0 has been measured in π- electro-production using a polarized electron beam and a polarized ND3 target, and using a CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The electron beam was polarized using a GaAs-cathode and the target was polarized via Dynamic Nuclear Polarization. The beam polarization was around 70% and the target polarization was between 10 and 20 percent. The data at 2.5 GeV beam energy and two different magnetic field settings (2250 A and -1500 A) were collected in Hall B at Jefferson Lab in the Fall of 1998. The eπ- channel was selected using the missing mass technique and applying a cut around the proton peak (0.78 GeV2 < MM2 < 0.95 GeV2). The asymmetry (A1 + ηA2)/(1+ϵR), where both A1 and A2 depend on θ*, has been extracted as a function of the invariant mass W for two Q2 (four-momentum-transfer-squared) bins (0.08 GeV2 < Q2 < 0.4 GeV2 and 0.4 GeV2 < Q2 < 1.2 GeV2). The results were integrated over the angular acceptance of the channel as well as for a narrower range in θ* (0.17 < cosθ* < 1). The data have been compared to two phenomenological models, MAID and AO.

  4. Geochemical studies of rocks, water, and gases at Mt. Hood, Oregon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wollenberg, H.A.; Bowen, R.E.; Bowman, H.R.; Strisower, B.

    1979-02-01

    Mr. Hood, a composite andesitic volcano, located near Portland, Oregon, is one of several large eruptive centers which dominate the Cascade Mountains of the western United States. As part of a program of geologic, geophysical and geochemical studies to examine Mt. Hood's geothermal resource potential, samples of warm-and cold-spring water, water from a geothermal test well in Old Maid Flat, fumarolic gases, and rocks were collected and analyzed for major chemical constituents and trace elements. The only warm-spring area on Mt. Hood is Swim Springs, located on the south flank. Orifices at Swim were sampled repeatedly with little overall change noted in water chemistry between summer and winter. Oxygen and hydrogen isotope data and mixing calculations based on analyses of Swim Springs and numerous cold springs, indicate that a large component of the warm water at Swim is from near-surface runoff. Chemical geothermometry suggests that temperatures at depth in the Swim Springs system are within the range 104 to 170/sup 0/C; the temperature of unmixed hot water may exceed 200/sup 0/C. Higher-than-background chloride contents and specific conductances of cold springs on the south flank of the mountain suggest that there is a small component of thermal water in these sources. A geothermal model of Mt. Hood is proposed wherein snow- and glacier-melt water near the summit comes in close promimity to the hot central neck of the mountain, manifested by the summit-crater fumaroles.Iridium was detected in warm and cold spring waters and in a sample of altered andesite.

  5. Photoproduction of π{sup 0} -pairs off protons and off neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dieterle, M.; Oberle, M.; Garni, S.; Kaeser, A.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Maghrbi, Y.; Pheron, F.; Rostomyan, T.; Strub, T.; Walford, N.K.; Werthmueller, D.; Witthauer, L. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland); Ahrens, J.; Arends, H.J.; Bartolome, P.A.; Heid, E.; Jahn, O.; Ostrick, M.; Otte, P.; Schumann, S.; Thomas, A. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Annand, J.R.M.; Glazier, D.I.; Hamilton, D.; Howdle, D.; Livingston, K.; MacGregor, I.J.D.; Mancell, J.; McGeorge, J.C.; McNicoll, E.; Robinson, J. [University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Bantawa, K.; Manley, D.M. [Kent State University, Kent, Ohio (United States); Beck, R.; Nikolaev, A. [University of Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Bekrenev, V. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Berghaeuser, H.; Drexler, P.; Metag, V.; Novotny, R.; Thiel, M. [University of Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Braghieri, A.; Costanza, S.; Mushkarenkov, A.; Pedroni, P. [INFN Sezione di Pavia, Pavia (Italy); Branford, D.; Jude, T.C.; Sikora, M.H.; Watts, D.P. [University of Edinburgh, SUPA School of Physics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Briscoe, W.J.; Demissie, B.; Marinides, Z. [The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Brudvik, J.; Starostin, A. [University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Cherepnya, S.; Fil' kov, L.V. [Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Downie, E.J. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Glasgow, SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow (United Kingdom); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Fix, A. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Hornidge, D.; Middleton, D.G. [Mount Allison University, New Brunswick (Canada); Huber, G.M. [University of Regina, Regina (Canada); Kashevarov, V.L. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kondratiev, R.; Lisin, V.; Polonski, A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation); Korolija, M.; Mekterovic, D.; Micanovic, S.; Supek, I. [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Oussena, B. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); Prakhov, S. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); The George Washington University, Center for Nuclear Studies, Washington, DC (United States); University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Sober, D.I. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States); Unverzagt, M. [University of Mainz, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Mainz (Germany); University of Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Collaboration: The A2 Collaboration

    2015-11-15

    Total cross sections, angular distributions, and invariant-mass distributions have been measured for the photoproduction of π{sup 0}π{sup 0} pairs off free protons and off nucleons bound in the deuteron. The experiments were performed at the MAMI accelerator facility in Mainz using the Glasgow photon tagging spectrometer and the Crystal Ball/TAPS detector. The accelerator delivered electron beams of 1508 and 1557MeV, which produced bremsstrahlung in thin radiator foils. The tagged photon beam covered energies up to 1400 MeV. The data from the free proton target are in good agreement with previous measurements and were only used to test the analysis procedures. The results for differential cross sections (angular distributions and invariant-mass distributions) for free and quasi-free protons are almost identical in shape, but differ in absolute magnitude up to 15%. Thus, moderate final-state interaction effects are present. The data for quasi-free neutrons are similar to the proton data in the second resonance region (final-state invariant masses up to ∼ 1550 MeV), where both reactions are dominated by the N(1520)3/2{sup -} → Δ(1232)3/2{sup +}π decay. At higher energies, angular and invariant-mass distributions are different. A simple analysis of the shapes of the invariant-mass distributions in the third resonance region is consistent with strong contributions of an N{sup *} → Nσ decay for the proton, while the reaction is dominated by a sequential decay via a Δπ intermediate state for the neutron. The data are compared to predictions from the Two-Pion-MAID model and the Bonn-Gatchina coupled-channel analysis. (orig.)

  6. On the Trail of Joan of Arc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Joyce Forristal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The year 2012 marked the 600th anniversary of the birthday of Joan of Arc (Fr., Jeanne d’Arc (1412–1431. Tributes to this national heroine can be found all over France. There are literally countless statues, streets and restaurants named after her and many sites dedicated to her life. However, despite widespread social and mechanical reproduction and cultural naming in relation to the Maid of Orléans, there is no official network or integrated signage in France to promote cultural heritage tourism to the numerous Joan of Arc sites and festivals, even though her life and death, by any measure, were seminal events in the country’s history. Unfortunately, the pilgrim who wants to follow or intersect with Joan of Arc’s trail through France, for cultural, historical or religious reasons, must do so without much help. Using Actor Network Theory and Site Sacralization Theory as framing devices, this paper explores human actors and tangible and intangible non-human factors that may have contributed to the lack of a unified tourism product despite the existence of an adequate Joan of Arc tourismscape. Insights gleaned from this research include Joan’s conflicted status as both/either saint and/or patriot, the existence of no cooperation or linkage between Joan of Arc sites, and cautious French tourism development policies. Several possible scenarios are suggested as suitable means to help implement or foster the creation of an on-the-ground or virtual Joan of Arc trail or tour.

  7. Energy evaluation of soil preparation for deployment of the eucalyptus culture: a subsidy for sustainable analysis; Avaliacao energetica do preparo do solo para implantacao da cultura de eucalipto: subsidio para uma analise de sustentabilidade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueno, Osmar de Carvalho [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas. Dept. de Gestao e Tecnologia Agroindustrial; Quintana, Nuria Rosa Gagliardi [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Energia na Agricultura

    2004-07-01

    The knowledge of the production and expenditure of energy for the agriculture are fundamental due, among other factors, to the strategic importance that occupies as producing of energy input for other economic sections. With the objective of presenting the participation of the several energy types employees in the soil prepare for implantation of the eucalyptus culture, this work is constituted in a contribution regarding the subject of the sustain grow. It was determined that the field hypothetical to be prepared possesses soil with sandy texture and raise plan or soft-wavy, where the minimum cultivation of the soil allows without problems, the use of 'subsolador florestal multifuncional'. The silviculture practical, linked to the minimum cultivation of the soil in the implantation of the culture was: liming, court of the residues and roots, subsoil, basic fertilizing, control chemical of undesirable plants and control chemical of ants. The technical coefficients, the work day, the revenue, the identification of the tractors, implements and equipment; its specifications and respective consumption of fuel, lubricants and greases, besides the quantification of the labor used by silviculture practical, were certain starting from collected secondary data. The adopted methodological procedures were based in literature revision. In agreement with the obtained results, it was ended that of the total of energy maid's 3.309,62 MJ for hectare in the soil prepare, it is had the participation of 83,30% of industrial energy, 16,52% of fossil energy and 0,18% of biological energy. It was verified like this that the dependence of the industrial energy and of the fossil energy in the soil prepare. In that way, we suggest himself the search of the use of another types of energy that they allow the energy sustainability of this agro-ecosystems. (author)

  8. Photo- and pion electroproduction in chiral effective field theory; Photo- und Elektropionproduktion in chiraler effektiver Feldtheorie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilt, Marius

    2011-12-13

    This thesis is concerned with pion photoproduction (PPP) and pion electroproduction (PEP) in the framework of manifestly Lorentz-invariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. For that purpose two different approaches are used. Firstly, a one-loop-order calculation up to chiral order O(q{sup 4}) including pions and nucleons as degrees of freedom, is performed to describe the energy dependence of the reactions over a large range. To improve the dependence on the virtuality of the photon in PEP, in a second approach vector mesons are included as explicit degrees of freedom. The latter calculation includes one-loop contributions up to chiral order O(q{sup 3}). Only three of the four physical processes of PPP and PEP can be accessed experimentally. These reactions are measured at several different facilities, e.g. Mainz, Bonn, or Saskatoon. The data obtained there are used to explore the limits of chiral perturbation theory. This thesis is the first complete manifestly Lorentz-invariant calculation up to order O(q{sup 4}) for PPP and PEP, and the first calculation ever for these processes including vector mesons explicitly. Beside the calculation of physical observables, a partial wave decomposition is performed and the most important multipoles are analyzed. They may be extracted from the calculated amplitudes and allow one to examine the nucleon and {delta} resonances. The number of diagrams one has to calculate is very large. In order to handle these expressions, several routines were developed for the computer algebra system Mathematica. For the multipole decomposition, two different programs are used. On the one hand, a modified version of the so-called {chi}MAID has been employed. On the other hand, similar routines were developed for Mathematica. In the end, the different calculations are compared with respect to their applicability to PPP and PEP.

  9. Measurement of the spin asymmetry of the beam in the polarized virtual Compton scattering on the proton. Study of the nucleon's energy spectra through the QCD-type potential model; Mesure de l'asymetrie de spin de faisceau en diffusion compton virtuelle polarisee sur le proton. Etude du spectre d'energie du nucleon par le modele de potentiel de type QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bensafa, I.K

    2006-05-15

    The first part of this work presents the analysis and results of the VCS-SSA (virtual Compton scattering - single spin asymmetry) experiment at MAMI (Mainz). It was carried out with beam energy 883 MeV and longitudinal polarization (about 80%), at virtual photon four-momentum transfer squared (Q{sup 2} = 0.35 GeV{sup 2}) to measure the beam asymmetry in the ep {yields} ep{gamma} and ep {yields} ep{pi}{sup 0} reactions. The asymmetry obtained in photon (resp. pion) electro-production is between 0-15% (resp. 0-2%). The dispersion relation model for virtual Compton scattering and MAID model (for {pi}{sup 0}) reproduce the amplitude globally but not completely the shape of the asymmetry. Perhaps this discrepancy is due to an imperfect parameterization of some pion production multipoles ({gamma}{sup *}N {yields} {pi}N). The second part is dedicated to the study of the nucleon energy spectrum in ground-state L=0 and excited-state L=1 in the quark model, using the Coulomb + linear potential type (CL) and a relativistic correction. The hyperfine correction is applied to discriminate the nucleon masses. The values of the mass found for the proton and the {delta}(1232) are respectively equal to (968 MeV, 1168 MeV), and the masses of the excited states are between 1564 - 1607 MeV. This part is completed by an application of the CL model to an approximate calculation of generalized polarizabilities of the proton. (author)

  10. A simple relation between the gamma N -> N(1535) helicity amplitudes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilberto Ramalho, Kazuo Tsushima

    2011-09-01

    It is shown that the helicity amplitudes A{sub 1/2} and S{sub 1/2} in the {gamma}N {yields} N(1535) reaction, can be well related by S{sub 1/2} = {radical}1+{tau}/{radical}2 M{sub S}{sup 2}-M{sup 2}/2M{sub S}Q A{sub 1/2} in the region Q{sup 2} > 2 GeV{sup 2}, where M and M{sub S} are the nucleon and N(1535) masses, q{sup 2} = -Q{sup 2} the four-momentum transfer squared, and {tau} = Q{sup 2}/(M{sub S} + M){sup 2}. This follows from the fact that the Pauli-type transition form factor F*{sub 2} extracted from the experimental data, turns up to show F*{sub 2} {approx_equal} 0 for Q{sup 2} > 1.5 GeV{sup 2}. The observed relation is tested by the experimental data and the MAID parametrization. A direct consequence of the relation is that the assumption,|A{sub 1/2}| >> |S{sub 1/2}|, is not valid for high Q{sup 2}. Instead, both amplitudes A{sub 1/2} and S{sub 1/2} have the same Q{sup 2} dependence in the high Q{sup 2} region, aside from that S{sub 1/2} has an extra factor, - 1/{radical} M{sub S}-M/2M{sub s}. The origin of this relation is interpreted in a perspective of a quark model.

  11. Social stratification at the peasant farmstead in the 20th century in middle Bohemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smrcka, Václav; Smrcka, Vít

    2009-01-01

    Three agricultural village homesteads (farmsteads) have been used to describe social development in the course of the 20th century. Distribution of the work, including stratification of prestige and power, is described in detail for the social group living at the farmstead before the World War I and by its end. We used this first period (1901-1918) at the beginning of the 20th century as a model for the social relations outlasting long from the Middle Ages. In the period from the establishment of the First Republic till the end of the World War II (1918-1945) we can witness the replacement of anterior members of the working team (ploughman and senior maid). Due to the lack of farm-hands they are replaced by immigrants from Slovakia. Since 1945 till 1948 the larger family and German prisoners are engaged in the distribution of the work at the farm. In this period of social changes the farmsteads are gradually abolished, which brings about also decomposition of the social group, which was earning its living from the farm. In the development period between 1948 and 1990 we can see the collapse and destruction of the social groups at smaller agricultural farmsteads including larger estates and their replacement by social organisation of agricultural co-operative farms. In the development period lasting from 1990 till the end of the 20th century the agricultural system of smaller farmsteads was partially restored. Thanks to the introduction of new agricultural machines the family alone is able to cultivate the arable land belonging to the farmstead. Specialised companies performing partial works are employed for occasional works. At the majority of farmsteads the traditional farming has not been restored any more.

  12. Impact of the health and living conditions of migrant and non-migrant Senegalese adolescent girls on their nutritional status and growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnier, Denis; Simondon, Kirsten B; Hoarau, Thierry; Benefice, Eric

    2003-09-01

    To describe the living conditions of Senegalese adolescent girls according to their migration status, and to define the main socio-economic and biological determinants of their nutritional and growth status. Health and living conditions, sexual maturation, and nutritional and growth status of adolescent girls were determined within the framework of a longitudinal study on growth. The capital city of Senegal (Dakar) and a rural community (Niakhar), 120 km south-east of Dakar. Three hundred and thirty-one girls, 14.5-16.6 years of age, were recruited from the same villages. Thirty-six per cent of the sample remained in the villages to attend school and/or to help with household subsistence tasks (non-migrants). The remaining (64%) migrated to cities to work as maids (migrants) and lived in two different socio-economic environments: at the home of a guardian during the night and in the house of the employer during the daytime. Family rural environment and guardian and employer urban environments were socio-economically different (P < 0.001). Living conditions in urban areas were better than in rural areas and the employer's environment was socio-economically more favourable. Migrants had more advanced sexual maturation and higher body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI) and mid-upper arm circumference than non-migrants. However, migrants were smaller than non-migrants. BMI, FMI and weight-for-age were related to socio-economic levels and duration of migration. Schooling was positively related to height and negatively related to BMI. Migrants enjoyed better living conditions than non-migrants. This could be partly due to the better socio-economic environment of the employer. It was associated with earlier puberty and better nutritional status, but not with a better growth.

  13. The mythic structure in the black dome of the Haftpeikar: Study of Hero's journey in the first dome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Kazem Mousavi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper the Vogler Hero's journey is used for analyzing the mythic structures and hero's journey of the first dome of the Haftpeikar. Vogler Released his founds in the Writer's Journey book. This book that is really dependent on Campbell's Single Myth Theory is a practical guidance for script writing and review of that. The levels of the hero's journey in his book are include: The normal world, invitation to the story, reject the invitation, visit the mentor, passing the first gate, the exams, the allies, the enemies, qualifying to the deepest cave, trial, the reward, the road back, resurrection, return with the elixir.  In this paper, at first the properties of each level of the hero's journey theory are matching with the journey's levels in the black dome story. After that seven useful archetypes including hero, mentor, threshold guardian, herald, shape shifter, the shadow and trickster, are determined in the text.  Black dome has several journeys' cycles. Journey's that are seen in this dome are: (Bahram's journey: A part of the internal journey of Bahram in black dome. (The king's maid journey: Internal journey of the king's maid that wears black clothes after hearing the story. (King of black clothes' journey: The king's journey to the Madhooshan city for exploring the mystery of the black alien. (The reader's journey: This internal journey belongs to the readers of the first dome that learn their lessons through traveling to the character's world. (Nezami's journey: The Nezami's internal journey with composing the text. Checking the reader's journey and black dome's composer is out of this text. While the first and second journey just saying some parts, the black king has completer levels and for affecting on the other journeys is the most important story of the first dome. Therefore at first we check the black king story and we explain the other journeys.  The goal of this paper in addition to the usage of the vogler

  14. Geometric morphometrics and molecular systematics of Xanthocnemis sobrina (McLachlan, 1873) (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) and comparison to its congeners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinov, Milen; Amaya-Perilla, Catalina; Holwell, Gregory I; Varsani, Arvind; Bysterveldt, Katherine Van; Kraberger, Simona; Stainton, Daisy; Dayaram, Anisha; Curtis, Nathan; Cruickshank, Robert H; Paterson, Adrian

    2016-02-09

    The taxonomy of the damselfly genus Xanthocnemis is revised, with particular focus on populations inhabiting the North Island of New Zealand. Earlier studies revealed two species: X. sobrina, restricted to cool, shaded streams in kauri forests and other forested areas, and X. zealandica, a common species throughout New Zealand except the Chatham and subantarctic islands. A field study encompassing aquatic habitats throughout the whole North Island was carried out to establish the relationship between morphological variation (body size and various morphological traits over the entire body) observed by previous researchers with ecological conditions and/or geographical location. The main aim was to propose reliable diagnostic features that could be used in future studies. Morphological and molecular variation was assessed. Morphological examination included assigning landmarks for all body parts corresponding to the external morphological features that are usually used in Odonata taxonomy. Molecular analysis targeted fragments of the 28S and 16S rRNA genes. Congruence was sought between both types of data, statistical support for two morphological types previously described as different species and a maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree in conjunction with a pairwise genetic distance matrix constructed from the DNA sequences obtained from the sampled specimens. Geometric morphometrics revealed statistically significant differentiation between specimens identified as X. zealandica and X. sobrina for four traits: (1) dorsal view of the head for both sexes as well as male appendages from (2) dorsal, (3) ventral and (4) lateral views. Wings appeared different when analysed for males only. Molecular analysis, however, grouped all specimens into a single undifferentiated cluster with very low mean pairwise distance (<0.01) between them showing almost no variation at the molecular level among the sampled populations on the North Island. Therefore, an additional analysis of

  15. Measuring of moisture content in biofuel; Fukthaltsmaetning av biobraensle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eriksson, Lars; Njurell, Rolf; Ehleskog, Rickard [AaF Energikonsult AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2002-04-01

    Direct determination of the moisture content, i.e. analysis of the fuel, is the most dominating moisture measuring method of today, and is usually done manually by weighing and drying a sample. By measuring on the exhaust gases the moisture content is determined indirect. This method is based upon the fact that there is a relation between the moisture content in the fuel and in the exhaust gases. This is an alternative that is only considered briefly in this report. Acceptance test of the fuel today takes place in several ways. The methods vary from advanced automatic mechanical devices to manually taken tests made by the driver him self. In the simplest case when the plant only has one fuel supplier, deduction is maid against the amount of produced energy. There are no systems today that can automatically take tests for continuous measuring. This project aims to find methods that are practical for direct, automatic and continuous measurement of the moisture content for the following applications: Moisture determination of fuel supplies, acceptance test. Moisture determination for combustion control in furnaces and boilers. The possibilities to automate the sampling are discussed in detail, at which important background information concerning the handling problems associated with the point of measuring is illustrated. The measurement techniques that are described more in detail are NIR (Near Infra Red), radar technique, microwave technique, radio frequency scan, radioactive technique, double energy X-ray and some combinations of these techniques. In the report, suppliers of interesting instruments are presented. The fundamental technical demands and the basis that should be included in a specification of a measuring device are gathered. Our appraisal is that a sequel to this project should be concentrated on the following main issues: Automatic acceptance test: The measuring is suggested to be done with a test probe direct in the incoming batch. The most suited

  16. Measurement of Polarization Observables in the Electro-Excitation of the Proton to its First Excited State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roche, Rikki [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

    2003-08-01

    This thesis reports results from the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) Hall A experiment E91-011, which measured double-polarization observables in the pion electroproduction reaction from the proton. Specifically, the experiment measured the recoil proton polarization, polarized response functions, and cross section for the p($\\vec{e}$, e' $\\vec{p}$) π° reaction at a center-of-mass energy centered at W = 1232 MeV--the peak of the Δ(1232) resonance--and at a four-momentum transfer squared of Q2 = 1.0 GeV2/c2. Both the recoil proton polarization and polarized response function results will be presented in this thesis. Data were collected at Jefferson Lab, located in Newport News, Virginia during the summer of 2000. A 4.53 GeV polarized electron beam was scattered off of a cryogenic hydrogen target. The recoil proton polarization was measured in the Focal Plane Polarimeter (FPP), located in one of the two High Resolution Spectrometers (HRS) in Hall A. A maximum likelihood method was used to determine the polarized response functions directly from the measured polarizations and cross sections. A simultaneous fit of the cross sections, the recoil proton polarizations, and angular distributions of the polarized response functions will provide a determination of individual multipole amplitudes. Some of these multipole amplitudes are related to the concept of proton deformation. Both the recoil proton polarizations and polarized response functions were compared to two phenomenological models: MAID and SAID, which have all free parameters fixed, based on fits to previous world data. The measured helicity dependent observables, which are dominated by imaginary parts of Δ(1232)-resonance excitation multipole amplitudes, agree very well with the two models. The measured helicity independent observables, which are dominated by real parts of background multipole amplitudes, do not agree completely with

  17. Substâncias químicas, trabalho e alterações neurológicas: possíveis relações entre estas variáveis Substancias químicas, trabajo y alteraciones neurológicas: posibles relaciones entre estas variables Chemical substances, work and neurological alterations: possible relationship among these variables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigados 239 prontuários de pacientes atendidos em um hospital, portadores de patologias neurológicas de etiologias desconhecidas, buscando-se alguma relação entre a doença apresentada e o uso ocupacional de substâncias químicas. Em 32 prontuários havia registros sobre ocupação. 37.50% dos pacientes trabalhavam na agricultura; 34.37% eram empregadas domésticas/donas de casa; 12.50% eram pedreiros; um era sapateiro, um seleiro; um montador de móveis e os demais trabalhavam com máquinas. Em decorrência de sua atividade, possivelmente utilizaram substâncias químicas. As poucas informações relacionando o uso destes produtos e a doença apresentada pelos pacientes demonstram a reduzida importância conferida a estas variáveis.Fueron investigadas 239 historias clinicas de pacientes atendidos en un hospital, portadores de patologías neurológicas de etiología desconocida fueron investigados buscandose una posible relación entre el uso ocupacional de substancias químicas y la enfermedad presentada. En 32 historias había registro sobre ocupación. 37.50% de los pacientes trabajaban en la agricultura; 34.37% eran empleadas domesticas/amas; 12.50% eran pedreros y uno presentaba una historia laboral previa en labra. Uno era zapatero, uno talabartero; uno carpintero y los otros trabajaban con máquinas. Debido a su actividad, posiblemente utilizaron substancias químicas. Las pocas informaciones relacionando el uso y la enfermedad demuestran la reducida importancia que han conferido a estas variables.Authors searched 239 reports of patients admitted in a hospital who carried neurological pathologies with unknown etiologies in order to find the possible relationship between the disease and the occupational use of chemical substances. They found the occupation in 32 reports. 37.50% of the patients worked with agriculture; 34.37% were maids/worked at home; 12.50% were masons; one was a shoemaker, one a saddler; one made

  18. Feeding non-preference of the corn leaf aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch, 1856 (Hemiptera: Aphididae to corn plants (Zea mays L. treated with silicon Não-preferência do pulgão-da-folha Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch, 1856 (Hemiptera: Aphididae para plantas de milho (Zea mays L. tratadas com silício

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jair Campos Moraes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available A tactic for control to corn leaf Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch, 1856 would be the use of resistant materials, but, for not being a key pest of the crop, there are not yet corn genotypes availables with those characteristics. So, it was aimed in this work to evaluate the effect of silicon on the aphid's development on corn plants. Preference tests with leaves detached from the plants and on corn plants were accomplished. Its was found that the treatments where silicon was applied to the soil plus a foliar sprayed fertilization or through two foliar applications were the ones which contained a lower number of aphids, increasing the resistance of leaves and making the feeding of those insects difficult. In general, the results showed that silicon affected the leaf aphid's preference.Uma tática para o controle do pulgão-do-milho Rhopalosiphum maids (Fitch, 1856 seria a utilização de materiais resistentes, porém, por não se tratar de uma praga-chave da cultura, não há, ainda, disponibilidade de genótipos de milho com essas características. Assim com o presente trabalho objetivou-se avaliar o efeito do silício na preferência do pulgão-da-folha em plantas de milho. Os tratamentos consistiram na aplicação de silício via solo e/ou foliar e testemunha. Foram realizados testes de não-preferência com folhas destacadas e diretamente em plantas de milho. Verificou-se que os tratamentos nos quais o silício foi aplicado via solo mais uma adubação foliar, ou mediante duas aplicações foliares, foram os que apresentaram menor número de pulgões, aumentando a resistência das folhas e dificultando a alimentação desses insetos. De modo geral, o silício afetou a preferência do pulgão-da-folha.

  19. Petrographic and spectroscopic characterization of phosphate-stabilized mine tailings from Leadville, Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eusden, J D; Gallagher, L; Eighmy, T T; Crannell, B S; Krzanowski, J R; Butler, L G; Cartledge, F K; Emery, E F; Shaw, E L; Francis, C A

    2002-01-01

    The use of soluble PO4(3-) and lime as a heavy metal chemical stabilization agent was evaluated for mine tailings from Leadville, Colorado. The tailings are from piles associated with the Wolftone and Maid of Erin mines; ore material that was originally mined around 1900, reprocessed in the 1940s, and now requires stabilization. The dominant minerals in the tailings are galena (PbS), cerrusite (PbCO3), pyromorphite (Pb5(PO4)3Cl), plumbojarosite (Pb0.5Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6), and chalcophanites ((Pb,Fe,Zn,Mn)Mn2O5 x 2H2O). The tailings were treated with soluble PO4(3-) and lime to convert soluble heavy metals (principally Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd) into insoluble metal phosphate precipitates. The treatment process caused bulk mineralogical transformations as well as the formation of a reaction rind around the particles dominated by Ca and P. Within the mineral grains, Fe-Pb phosphosulfates, Fe-Pb sulfates (plumbojarosite), and galena convert to Fe-Ca-Pb hydroxides. The Mn-Pb hydroxides and Mn-(+/-Fe)-Pb hydroxides (chalcophanites) undergo chemical alteration throughout the grains during treatment. Bulk and surface spectroscopies showed that the insoluble reaction products in the rind are tertiary metal phosphate (e.g. (Cu,Ca2)(PO4)2) and apatite (e.g. Pb5(PO4)3Cl) family minerals. pH-dependent leaching (pH 4,6,8) showed that the treatment was able to reduce equilibrium concentrations by factors of 3 to 150 for many metals; particularly Pb2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, and Cu2+. Geochemical thermodynamic equilibrium modeling showed that apatite family and tertiary metal phosphate phases act as controlling solids for the equilibrium concentrations of Ca2+, PO4(3-) Pb2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, and Cu2+ in the leachates during pH-dependent leaching. Both end members and ideal solid solutions were seen to be controlling solids.

  20. Child-abusers face mob justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebunya, C

    1996-06-01

    In Uganda, before the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, rape or sexual abuse of children was not considered a serious offense by the public, although the maximum criminal offense for rape was death. Because so many young girls are testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and due to the efforts of women's groups, public opinion is changing. According to the United Nations International Children's Fund (UNICEF), girls aged 9-15 years are five times more likely to be infected with HIV than boys of the same age. Adults, who fear their peers may be infected with HIV, turn to children; some AIDS patients believe sleeping with a virgin girl will cure their illness. Uganda is targeting a $15 million project to protect children 5-15 years of age. A study commissioned by the Uganda National Council for Women and Children in 1994 found that in Kabale district 31% of girls and 15% of boys had been abused, many by teachers. In Masaka district, the Council found that 30% of women had been coerced into sex; bosses abuse their maids, and customers abuse alcohol sellers. According to police, rape is the second most common crime in Uganda. Victims are reluctant to come forward to testify; rape victims can be shunned in their communities and may be considered ineligible for marriage. Cases which make it to court rarely get a fair hearing, according to the Council of Women, because the men handling the cases often favor the culprits. FIDA, an association of women lawyers, Action for Development (ACFODE), and the National Association of Women's Organisations in Uganda (NAWOU) are lobbying for tougher laws on rape and closed courts. They are pressuring newspapers to not disclose the names of victims. Although many expect the Ministry of Women to take the lead in this area, it has been unable to do so, because of a lack of funds; it received two-thirds of its budget for 1994-95, an indication, perhaps, of the Ugandan government's intentions. Two figures

  1. Prevalência de infecções em suturas de cirurgias de revascularização do miocárdio Prevalence of infections in surgical sutures on myocardial revascularization surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taciane Procópio Assunção

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar a prevalência de infecção nas suturas decorrentes de cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio e também os microrganismos causadores, sexo predominante e idade. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo, transversal, com análise dos prontuários dos 21 pacientes que apresentaram infecção na ferida operatória de cirurgia de RM, dentre os 357 pacientes operados entre os anos de 2007 e 2009. Os prontuários foram analisados durante o ano de 2009. RESULTADOS: Não foi encontrada significância estatística ao se analisar o sexo dos pacientes. A maioria dos pacientes era idosa e a prevalência da infecção está dentro da média encontrada na literatura, havendo variação dos microrganismos encontrados ao longo dos anos. CONCLUSÕES: Apesar do número total de infecções ter aumentado ao longo dos anos, a prevalência se manteve estável, uma vez que o número de cirurgias realizadas aumentou proporcionalmente. Sexo não é uma variável significante à ocorrência de infeção na ferida cirúrgica. Idosos estão mais predispostos a esta complicação e o microrganismo causador é variável.OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of wound infection on myocardial revascularization surgery stitches as well as the causing microorganisms, predominant sex and age. METHODS: A retrospective and transversal study, with analysis of the files of the 21 patients with infected myocardial revascularization wounds among 357 operated patients between the years of 2007 and 2009. The files were checked on 2009. RESULTS: There was no statistics significance analyzing the sex of the patients. The average of patients were old aged and the prevalence is similar to the index found in literature, but there are variations about the found microorganisms all over the years. CONCLUSION: Besides the raise of wound infections along the 3 years, the prevalence kept stable, once the numbers of maid surgeries proportionately raised. Sex is not a

  2. Seismic monitoring of the bedload transport in La Réunion Island rivers during tropical cyclones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Alicia; Fontaine, Fabrice. R.; Burtin, Arnaud; Barruol, Guilhem; Recking, Alain; Join, Jean-Lambert; Delcher, Eric

    2017-04-01

    La Réunion Island, located in the western Indian Ocean, undergoes heavy annual precipitations during the rainy season (Dec to Apr) and particularly during tropical depressions and cyclones. Large rainfalls that affect this volcanic island modify the stream dynamic and control the sediment transport and the very active erosion. However, in situ characterization of sediment transport is difficult during high water stage, requiring indirect observation such as seismic noise. In order to monitor spatial and temporal variations of the river's bed-load during tropical cyclones from the high-frequency seismic noise in La Réunion, we deployed a temporary seismic network of 9 three-component broadband seismometers along two rivers: Rivière des Pluies and Rivière du Mât, both located on the northern side of the island. Seismic data are supplemented by meteorological and hydrological stations installed in these experimental watersheds. They provide valuable data such as precipitations, water discharge and water level. We also characterized the stream morphology and the bed surface grain size distribution to set the current characteristics and we aim to repeat this analyze after each flood event in order to quantify the effect of the flood episode on the sediment transport. We present the results of the signature of the cyclone Bejisa which passed close to the island in January 2014 recorded at three broadband seismic stations, among which two are located near instrumented streams: station SALA installed close to the Rivière du Mât and the permanent GEOSCOPE seismic station RER installed in a 4.7 km long tunnel close to the Rivière de l'Est. The third station MAID is used as a reference station since it is located on a summit (2.190 km altitude) and far from any active river. We observe a significant increase of the precipitation as the cyclone eye was at 300 km to the island and the associated increase of the water discharge clearly generates a sudden increase of the

  3. In vitro ectomycorrhiza formation by monokaryotic and dikaryotic isolates of Pisolithus microcarpus in Eucalyptus grandis Formação de ectomicorrizas in vitro por isolados monocarióticos e dicarióticos de Pisolithus microcarpus em Eucalyptus grandis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Dutra Costa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The formation of ectomycorrhizas by monokaryotic and dikaryotic isolates of Pisolithus microcarpus (Cooke & Massee G. Cunn. in Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid. was studied by in vitro synthesis in Petri dishes. The formation of ectomycorrhizas was observed for all strains tested. Ectomycorrhizas formed by the monokaryotic strains presented a sheath of hyphae around the roots and a Hartig net limited to the epidermis layer, typical of the angiosperm ectomycorrhizas. Colonization rates, a measure of the number of ectomycorrhizas in relation to the total number of lateral root tips, varied from 23 to 62%. Some monokaryotic strains stimulated the formation of lateral roots, promoting increases of up to 109% above the control. The presence of some of the isolates in the in vitro synthesis medium stimulated the production of thicker lateral root tips. The dimensions of the lateral roots tips and ectomycorrhizas varied from one isolate to the next, indicating a variation in their capacity to provoke morphological changes in the host plant roots. The dikaryotic strain M5M11 presented higher values for lateral root yield, number of ectomycorrhizas, and colonization percentage than the corresponding monokaryotic strains, M5 and M11. This indicated the possibility of selecting compatible performing monokaryotic isolates for the yield of superior dikaryotic strains. The set of monokaryotic strains tested varied greatly in their ability to colonize E. grandis roots and cause secondary metabolism-related morphological changes in roots, providing a wealth of model systems for the study of genetic, physiological, and morphogenetic processes involved in Pisolithus-Eucalyptus ectomycorrhiza formation.A formação de ectomicorrizas por isolados monocarióticos e dicarióticos de Pisolithus microcarpus (Cooke & Massee G. Cunn. em Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid. foi estudada usando-se o método de síntese in vitro em placas de Petri. A formação de

  4. Was the Sun especially active at the end of the late glacial epoch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseeva, Liliya

    In their pioneering work, the geophysicists A. Brekke and A. Egeland (1983) collected beliefs of different peoples, associated with northern lights. Our analyses of this collection show that these beliefs are mainly related to the mythological idea of ``abnormal'' deads (dead, childless old maids in Finnish beliefs; killed people; spirits dangerous to children). We find similar motifs in Slavic fairy tales about the ``Thrice-Nine Land,'' regarded as the other world in folkloric studies (in the Land where mobile and agitated warlike girls live, whose Head Girl is characterized by the words ``white snow, pretty light, the prettiest in the World,'' but whose name ``Mariya Morevna'' refers to the word ``mort''; where a river flows with its banks covered by human bones; where the witch Baba-Yaga dwells, being extremely dangerous for children). Moreover, it can be noted that similar narrative fabulous myths deal with the concept of auroral oval northern lights, since some specific features of the natural auroral forms are mentioned there, with their particular spatial orientations (to the North or West). This resembles the manner in which Ancient Greek myths describe the real properties of the heavenly phenomena in a mythological language. It is interesting that myths on the high-latitude northern lights spread even to the South of Europe (and, might be, to India and Iran). This fact can be understood in view of the following. It has been established that, during the late glacial epoch, the environmental and cultural conditions were similar over the area from Pyrenean to the Ural Mountains; the pattern of hunters' settlements outlined the glacial sheet from the outside. Relics of the hunters' beliefs can now be found in Arctic, where the environment and lifestyle remain nearly unchanged. The ethnographer Yu.B. Simchenko (1976) has reconstructed the most archaic Arctic myths. According to them, the World of dead is associated with the world of ice governed by the ``Ice

  5. Apontamentos para a crítica do projeto neoliberal de sociedade e de educação: a realização (Parte II

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    Adriana Almeida Sales de Melo

    2002-01-01

    in the world, like element of a mundialization process of the capital, modifying our lives and interfering in the planning and accomplishment of our educational politics. We consider in this text: a the form that take the criticism to the neoliberalism; b the political, economic and social context of the origin, the birth of the neoliberal thought – and why we qualify it as a project; c it’s latent phase in the world scenery, in the postwar years, summit of the fordism, when the keynesianism consolidates and welfare state installs in several countries; d and it’s consolidation, like renaissance, in the context of a new international division of work, from the 70’s, in several countries. This text also investigates politician-economic's accomplishment reforms driven by international and multilateral organisms, maids by the Agreement of Bretton Woods, and also by ONU, from the postwar, trying to situate it’s paradigmatic actions in the economic and social reforms, instituted and implanted in Latin America, at 70’s. We ask here what is its relations with this project renewed of liberalism in a mundialization context of the capital; since neoliberalism was constituted specifically against that keynesian consensus.

  6. Atividade sexual e doenças sexualmente transmissíveis em escolares do 2º grau de Rio Branco-Acre, Brasil La actividad sexual y las enfermedades sexualmente trasmisibles en estudiantes de segundo grado (estudios secundarios de Rio Branco-Acre, Brasil Sexual activity and sexually transmissible diseases of high school students in Rio Branco-Acre, Brasil

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    Luiz Carlos Souza do Nascimento

    2000-01-01

    years old. The occurrence of mentioned DST/AIDS was: 58,4% for Hepatite B, 39,4% for Monilíase and 2,2% for Gonorrhea. Among those ones who had their first sexual intercourse, 47,6% were with the boyfriend, 25,8% with the neighbor and 10,5% with the domestic maid. Concluding, the students who had sexual intercourses were 52,3% of private schools, 50,0% of federal ones, 45,7% of state ones and 41,8% of municipal ones.

  7. A dieta hospitalar na perspectiva dos sujeitos envolvidos em sua produção e em seu planejamento Hospital diet from the perspective of those involved in its production and planning

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    Rosa Wanda Diez Garcia

    2006-04-01

    social construction, a product of the conceptions and practices of professionals who determine and reproduce them directly or indirectly. METHOD: A qualitative survey was carried out involving 32 intensity, half-structured interviews, applied to individuals participating in the process of producing hospital diets cooks, maids, nutritionists, doctors (medical, nurses and their auxiliaries and clinical and administrative directors and field observation in two kinds of hospital, private and public. RESULTS: The analysis of the content of the interviews and of the field observation data was organized into two categories: nutritional aspects separate from those of the food in which a valorization of the nutritional aspect was noted, principally in nutritional support actions, in detriment of the sensory and symbolic aspects of the hospital food; and the hospital diet in which a lack of technical information about available hospital diets was observed; the actual hospitalization, as referring to the conditions of control and discipline and the limited autonomy and right to speak of the patients, were reflected in their social representation. The importance given to hospital diets is limited and the attention given to nutrition embryonic. CONCLUSION: Attempts must be made to change the hospital food culture in order to install the idea of hospital nutritional assistance in which the hospital diet and attention to nutrition become an important part of the patient's treatment, collaborating with the quality of the hospitalization experience.

  8. Evaluation of vegetable extracts for control of the pathogenic fungi in banana and strawberry in post harvest storage Evaluación de extractos vegetales para manejo de hongos patógenos en banano y fresa almacenados

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    Bonilla Correa Carmen Rosa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This study was carried out get knowledge about fungicidal properties of vegetable extracts to the control of the pathogenyc fungi (Colletotrichum musae and Botrytis cinerea in banana (Musa sapientum and strawberry (Fragaria sp during the pos harvest storage, at the National University of Colombia headquarters in Palmira. Ethanolics extracts of the following vegetable species were evaluated: Plantago major L, Ruta graveolens L, Lippia alba (Mill NE BROS, Pteridium aquilinum (Kaulf Maxon. The extracts were obtained by the percolation method starting from the macerated material (100 g and 1000 ml of solvent. The fungi was isolated from the strawberry (Fragaria sp affected by B. cinerea and banana Gross mitchel affected by C. musae. To evaluate the control of the fungi C. musae and B. cinerea sixteen treatments were used (four extracts of plants, two extraction media, two dilutions and three repetitions. Three control treatments were added: absolute (PDA; solvent (PDA + ethanol or water; and chemical (PDA + chemical fungicide. The dilutions were prepared with the solvent used to obtain the extract. The evaluation in vitro was maid with ethanolics extracts diluted at 25%, because these presented the best results in the previous tests. The results indicate that the ethanolic solvent decreased the development of the fungi in 68%. The fruits in which the etanolic extract of ruda and pronto alivio was applied presented bigger incidence and grade of severity.

    Keys words: Vegetable extract; patogenic fungi; Colletotrichum musae; Botrytis cinérea; post harvest

    En la Universidad Nacional de Colombia -Sede Palmira, se obtuvieron extractos etanólicos (1.000 ml, macerados (100 g de llantén (Plantago major L, ruda (Ruta graveolens L, pronto alivio [Lippia alba (Mill NE BROS] y helecho marranero [Pteridium aquilinum (Kaulf Maxon]. Para la evaluación del control

  9. Philosophy vs the common sense

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    V. V. Chernyshov

    2017-01-01

    analysis. However, the authentic project of philosophy has not always remained faithful to itself, keeping its self-identity. A considerable part of that which now bears the name of philosophy has rather been an alienation of the original idea. Among these phenomena of the alienated philosophy, for example, we can mention a number of cases: the emergence of the philosophical paideia, political and social engineering, scholastics, and the interpretation of philosophy as a science that can (and should be directed to gaining the ultimate positive result. All these witness the alienation from the authentic philosophical tradition, degrading philosophy to the role of a «servant-maid», which eventually brought to the ultimate rejection and denial of its profundity and its values. Finally, the study considers the place that the Modern philosophy has taken in emergence of the modern and contemporary science. He states that there were a number of efforts – beginning with Rene Descartes – to create a new philosophy not upon the foundations of the love of wisdom, but upon the ones of the common sense. Although philosophers had easily recognised the falsity of this enterprise and had rejected this idea, these efforts did not pass away without effect, having caused the emergence of the modern and contemporary science, recognising as its true basis the common sense rather than any metaphysics.

  10. Founding a Family in Czech Society in the First Half of the 19th Century [Zakładanie rodziny w krajach czeskich w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku

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    František ČAPKA

    2016-06-01

    ceiling”. A marriage licence was also conditional to the attainment of a certain service position for policemen, soldiers, financial guards and teachers. People entered into marriage earlier in Moravia than in Bohemia. Around ten percent of the population of the Czech Lands remained unmarried. As far as women were concerned, these were maids and the daughters of less affluent tradesmen, clerical workers or poor aristocratic families that did not have a sufficiently large dowry. In the first half of the nineteenth century, there was an increasing number of „deferred weddings”, particularly in the towns, when a couple became married only when they already had a number of illegitimate children; this was particularly evident in the border areas inhabited by a German population.

  11. WISDOM GPR performance assessment in a cold artificial environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dechambre, M.; Ciarletti, V.; Biancheri-Astier, M.; Saintenoy, A.; Costard, F.; Hassen-Khodja, R.

    2012-04-01

    The WISDOM (Water Ice Subsurface Deposit Observation on Mars) GPR is one of the instruments that have been selected as part of the Pasteur payload of ESA's 2018 ExoMars Rover mission. WISDOM has been designed to obtain information about the nature of the subsurface along the rover path with the objective to explore the first ~ 3 m of the soil with a vertical resolution of a few centimetres. The sub-surface properties that can be addressed with WISDOM are variations in composition, texture, stratification (e.g., number, thickness and orientation of layers), the presence of unconformities and other structural characteristics (such as fractures and the deformation of strata). It is then essential to quantify the performances of WISDOM in controlled conditions, and several full polarimetric measurements have been carried out with the prototype in a cold artificial environment. The main objectives are the detection of different interface between homogeneous materials with WISDOM. The characterization of the material (porosity, % of water, dielectric properties, thickness and depth, temperature ...) is well-controlled. The cold room facility of IDES at Orsay (France) has been used, the ambient temperature ranged from -7° C to -10° C. A tank laying on the metallic floor (height: 0.5m, width: 0.80 m, length: 1.20m) in macrolon can contain liquid or frozen water or layers (dielectric contrasts) of home-maid permafrost (frozen saturated sand) with and without embedded objects or fractures. The temperature inside the medium (ice or permafrost) is controlled, the radar antennas are put on a sheet of polystyrene over the tank. Frequent measurements were performed (every 2cm) along a track from one side to the other side of the tank. The experimental conditions were: (1)dry cold sand (Fontainebleau sand) : porosity 35% density 2,67 (2) saturated wet sand : 35% of water (3) permafrost (frozen saturated sand) : 35% of ice content 1 layer: 3 consecutive experiments : 10cm dry

  12. Unelõiv ja Saarepiiga: Jüri Talveti kirjanduslik "Kalevipoeg" / The Rhisomes of „Kalevipoeg“: Literary Interpretation of the Estonian National Epic by Jüri Talvet

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    Marin Laak

    2016-12-01

    one of the most remarkable representatives of the genre of literary epic in world literature. Literary scholarship of the text and poetics of the epic has demonstrated how the text is constructed by gradational internal intertextual relations, based on certain textual nodal points such as, e.g., ’island maid’, ’stone’, ’sleep’, etc. For example, the figure of Island Maid is intertextually related to many earlier archetexts and fundamental texts and has, in its turn, inspired other fictional texts. The author intentionally allowed for ambiguous interpretation of the death of a young girl – the girl slipped into water, but was it an accident or a suicide? The Estonian heroic epic differs from other literary epics by a gradational motif of ’sleep’, occurring through the text; by using this motif, the author develops the heroic epic into a tragedy of fate. The hero is informed about his fatal guilt in sleep long before it occurred in real life. Jüri Talvet has discovered such rhizomes of relations in the text of The Kalevipoeg due to his studies of world literature, but he has also written about them in his poetry.

  13. INTRODUCTION: The Physics of Chaos and Related Problems: Proceedings of the 59th Nobel Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundqvist, Stig

    1985-01-01

    patience with my often rather chaotic actions. Our secretary, Yvonne Steen, deserves very special thanks for her outstanding work for the symposium on top of all her regular duties. I would finally like to say something about Gräftåvallen and our hosts, Annica and Tommy Hagström. We decided to take this symposium out of the cities and away from the academic environment and found this charming tiny mountain resort on a mountain slope in the northern Swedish mountains about 20 miles from the nearest village. Annica and Tommy Hagström welcomed us with such a warm hospitality and offered us throughout the week the best of the local mountain specialities such as reindeer, bear and beaver and a variety of mountain fishes. Also the local community greeted us as some very special guests and arranged an afternoon programme at a nearby shieling with goats, sheep, dairy maids, folk music and folk dancing. They also arranged a wonderful concert in their beautiful church from the 12th century. Altogether it was a very special week also outside the lecture room. We, the organizers, experienced this symposium as an unforgettable scientific event thanks to the outstanding contributions of our participants. We hope that these proceedings will convey to the reader something of the excitement felt by the participants during the symposium week.

  14. INTRODUCTION: Physics of Low-dimensional Systems: Nobel Symposium 73

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundqvist, Stig

    1989-01-01

    and offered us throughout the week the very best of the local mountain delicacies. Also the local community greeted us as some very special guests and arranged an evening programme at a nearby shieling with goats, sheep, dairy maids, folk music and folk dancing. They also arranged a wonderful concert in their beautiful church from the 12th century. We, the organizers, experienced this symposium as a scientific event with an excellent discussion of the progress in these fields thanks to the outstanding contributions of the participants. We hope that these Proceedings will convey to the reader something of the excitement felt during the symposium week.

  15. Kıbrıs Türk Tiyatro Yazınının İlk Yılları ve Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila The Primary Years Of Turkish Cypriot Play-Writing And “Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila

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    Yurdal CİHANGİR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The first signs of Cyprus Turkish Theatre Literature were encountered when Ottomans added Cyprus within their Empire boundaries. They sent settlers to the island who brought their own way of life, beliefs, culture and traditions together with them; thus forming a new society. „Karagoz‟, „Meddah‟ and „Ortaoyunu‟ were a part of thisculture and tradition. The Ottomans, having ruled Cyprus for 300years, rented the island to the British in 1878 and then completelyhanded over the island to them in 1914. Newspapers started to bepublished in this era, since 1980‟s. Like other literary types, firstexamples relating to theatre were also seen in the newspapers. In thefirst humour-based newspaper „Kokonoz‟ published by Ahmet TevfikEfedi, some of his own writings had theatrical characteristics. In thesecond humour-based newspaper by him, „Akbaba‟, there was apublication of an incomplete theatre production. L. Şişmanyan‟s workwhich only had three issues was entitled „Namus Intikami YahutDilenci‟. The first published theatre production, as it is known to-date,is Kaytazade Nazim‟s writings entitled “ Safa Yahut Netice-i Ibtila”. Thetheme of this production, which was published in 1909 in Nicosia atMirat-ı Zaman Printing House, relates to a love adventure in Istanbulduring „Mesrutiyet‟ years. The story revolves around Safa, a Pasha‟sson, who falls in love with their maid; how he stands against his family,and the bitter end of this love affair between Safa and his lover. Theproduction, being the first of its kind in Cyprus Turkish Literature andTheatre, therefore carries high significance. Kıbrıs Türk Tiyatro edebiyatının ilk izlerine, Osmanlı, kendi imparatorluk topraklarına kattıktan sonra Ada‟ya iskan için gönderdiği ve kendi yaşasyış biçimlerini, inanış, kültür ve geleneklerini de beraberlerinde taşımış olan insanların Ada‟da yeni bir toplum oluşturmaya çalıştıkları zamanla birlikte

  16. Evaluation of thermal power plant with biomass (pell of rice briquets): real case - 'Experimental farm of the Centro Universitario Luterano de Palmas'; Avaliacao de planta termica com biomassa (briquete de casca de arroz): caso real 'Fazenda experimental do Centro Universitario Luterano de Palmas'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marcon, Rogerio Olavo; Zukowski Junior, Joel Carlos; Cavalcante, Italo Ricardo Lopes [Centro Universitario Luterano de Palmas (CEULP/ULBRA), Palmas, TO (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    conventional options for substitution of these motors to diesel depend on investments elevated in transport systems and distribution of the natural gas a substitute of smaller impact to the oil, and still the environmental impacts caused by the gas pipe line construction through the Amazon forest. In this context, the biomass use produced locally (or generated, as residues) in the communities for production of energy appears as a viable and maintainable possibility for this model. Vegetable oils in adapted motors diesel and agricultural residues as fuel in systems of generation of small load come as possible technological alternatives and, now, viable economically, in function of the use of CCC for energy renewed - what became possible for the recent regulation of ANEEL. It is worth to stand out that the different sceneries presented in the regions of the country influence directly in the parameters of use of the biomass as energy. In a general way, the biomass like this maid perfectly in the concept of the maintainable development, because it allows the creation of employments in the area, economic activities, it reduces the relative costs to the distribution and transmission of the generated energy and, when used in a maintainable way, it presents null the emissions of carbon, not attacking, in this way, the environment. However, it is known that the economic viability of a generation project depends, in first place of the characteristics of the own unit, of the tariff of electric energy and of the cost of the fuel for the consumer. Specifically, the viability of each installation is determined in the conceptual project where he/she takes place the cash flow study and of the cost of the energy for modality of fuel. The economic evaluation of a project consists of pondering the factors that involve the taking of decision, with larger success probability in the development of an investment project. After the decision of execution of a project, defined its characteristics, its

  17. Concepts of Simultaneity From Antiquity to Einstein and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muller, F A [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Institute for the History and Foundations of Science, Utrecht University, Utrecht University P.O Box 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2007-10-05

    Concepts of Simultaneity (henceforth: Simultaneity) is Jammer's historical monograph dedicated to the development of a single concept in physics. Jammer's idea to write a history of concepts of simultaneity proves to be a wonderful idea: it makes Simultaneity literally unique in its kind and it provides a new perspective from which to look at the historical development of concepts of time, about which much has already been written. Anyone who believes that Einstein was the first person on planet Earth to reflect on how to establish whether two distant events have occurred at the same time, i.e. simultaneously, will stop believing this after having read chapters 2 and 3 of Simultaneity (chapter 1 consists of terminological preliminaries), which deal with Antiquity and the Middle Ages, respectively. For example, Augustine of Hippo anticipated, in his Confessions (397 C.E.), nothing less than the method to determine the simultaneity of distant events that we associate with Einstein. Augustine set out to criticise the heresy of astrology. He considered two infants being born simultaneously in distant places. According to the doctrines of astrology they should lead very similar lives, because they are born under the same constellation of the stars. Yet one infant, Augustine imagined, is the child of a poor maid servant whereas the other is the child of a rich lady, so that they would almost certainly lead very different lives. How to know whether the infants are born simultaneously? Augustine proposed to dispatch, at the moment of birth, two messengers who run equally fast from the houses were the babies were born (whether they do run equally fast can be ascertained by using only local simultaneity judgments); the messengers should run towards each other in order to see whether they meet 'at equal distance from either house' (p. 49). If so, the infants were born simultaneously. Of course, this will not be very accurate, but that is not the point. The

  18. Bouvard et Pécuchet et le ruban de Möbius. Variation mathématique sur le désir

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    Florence Pellegrini

    2010-09-01

    quête –, ils puisent, dans l’inassouvissement même de leur passion, une énergie renouvelée et jamais tarie. Déniant le temps qui n’émousse en rien leur vigueur, ces Dom Juan du savoir reconvertis en éternels Chérubin inaugurent, au terme de leur parcours expérimental, le mouvement perpétuel qui maintient intact leur élan.La structure si particulière de Bouvard et Pécuchet, dont la circularité parfaite est susceptible d’efflorescences mitotiques infinies, tient de la curiosité topologique. Véritable ruban de Möbius du désir, le cheminement de Bouvard et Pécuchet, clos sur lui-même et pourtant proliférant, est cette dynamique protéiforme, paradoxale, progression immobile ou piétinement actif, conquérante à force d’insatisfaction.When, on an idle Sunday afternoon, Bouvard and Pécuchet meet on the deserted boulevard Bourdon, it is love at first sight for both of them. Complementary, antithetical but harmonic, the childless widower and the bachelor resolve the solitude of their lives in this providential encounter which mates them for good: a two-headed protagonist, Bouvard and Pécuchet form an inseparable entity that functions with cross-references, connections, inverted symmetry. Much has been said about the characters’ supposed homosexuality. They are always together, up to the most intimate detail, since, although they do not share a room, they have communicating rooms. Opposites attracting each other so much that they merge, the two heroes could lose themselves, so taken up are they in their “conjugal domesticity”. However to each is attributed an autonomous sentimental affair: to Bouvard the jokester, the Bordin widow strapped in her dove-colored silk dress; to the bashful Pécuchet, indecisive and still a virgin, Mélie the maid, who will soon infect him with syphilis. Yet these adventures scarcely count in the novel’s global economy. Or rather, they count to the same degree as the fellows’ countless experiences

  19. ОБРАЗНІСТЬ ПРОЗИ ВІРИ ВОВК / THE IMAGERY OF PROSE OF VIRA VOVK

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    Руслана СЛУХЕНСЬКА

    2017-09-01

    отивы синтеза искусств, элементы интертекстуальности. Важным для автора является религиозное восприятие мира и искусства. Работы автора наполнены библейскими образами и символами. Но есть и пантеистические мотивы, поскольку писатель любит природу, и часто оживляет явления природы. Основой текстов Веры Вовк и ее жизненной философии является любовь ко всему земному и жертвенность одновременно. Ключевые слова: произведения Веры Вовк, художественный синтез, рассказы, метафора, идиостиль, поэтический синтаксис. Sluhenska R., Vylka L. The Imagery of Prose of Vira Vovk. Vira Selianska, pen name Vira Vovk – Ukrainian writer, critic and translator living in Brazil. She writes in Ukrainian, German and Portuguese. Since 1959 Vovk has been associated with the New York Group of ukrainian poets. Vovk writes in three genres: poetry, prose, and drama. The most voluminous is her poetic output. The interest in mysticism and myth carries over into her less-voluminous prose, which consists of the collections Legendy (Legends, 1954, Kazky (Fairy Tales, 1956, Dukhy i dervishi (Spirits and Dervishes, 1956, the novel Vitrazhi (Stained-Glass Windows, 1961, Stari panianky (Old Maids, 1993, and the book of collected prose Proza (Prose, 2001. Of special interest are her bilingual prose works, such as Sviatyi hai (The Holy Grove, 1983 and Karnaval (Carnival, 1986. Many of her publications, from the 1970s on, are exquisite esthetic productions with hand-inserted illustrations by Ukrainian artists (Zoia Lisovska, Mykhailo Dzyndra, Jurij Solovij, and others or Vovk's own paper