WorldWideScience

Sample records for hand-held four-detector gamma-probe

  1. An improved hand-held four-detector gamma-probe for radioassisted oncological surgery

    CERN Document Server

    Dusi, W; Bollini, D; Moroni, C; Ricard, M

    2000-01-01

    The performance of an improved intraoperative gamma-probe for radioassisted oncological surgery is presented and discussed. The probe is based on a square array of four 5x5 mm sup 2 coplanar CdTe room temperature semiconductor detectors and each detector has an independent read out electronic chain, allowing an original handling of the signal. Therefore, the search for gamma-emission hot points may be carried out in two different, independent ways: (1) Finding out the position of the probe corresponding to the maximum value of the total counting rate, on the basis of a trial and error procedure (typical for the conventional probe; (2) Finding out the position of the probe where both the differences between the counting rate performed by orthogonal, adjacent halves of the array vanish (differential method). This makes the new probe sensitive to the bidimensional gradient of the gamma-ray flux, measured on the scanned plane. Furthermore, the algebraic sign of the difference indicates in which direction the prob...

  2. Development and characterization of a compact hand-held gamma probe system, SURGEOGUIDE, based on NEMA NU3-2004 standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaviani, S.; Zeraatkar, N.; Sajedi, S.; Gorjizadeh, N.; Farahani, M. H.; Ghafarian, P.; El Fakhri, G.; Sabet, H.; Ay, M. R.

    2016-12-01

    Using an intra-operative gamma probe after periareolar or peritumoral injection of a radiotracer during surgery helps the surgeon to identify the sentinel, or first, nodal site of regional metastasis in clinically node-negative patients. The pathological analysis of this node can have an important influence on the treatment staging in various cancers. This paper reports the design and performance evaluation of a gamma probe recently developed in our department. The detector unit of this system consists of an 8 mm diameter and 10 mm thickness monolithic CsI(Tl) scintillator optically, coupled to a Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) with an active area of 6×6 mm2, and a single-hole collimator. The unit is shielded using tungsten. The system can operate in three different modes for Tc-99m, I-131, or F-18 isotopes. The following measurements were carried out to evaluate the performance of the probe: sensitivity in air and scatter medium, spatial resolution in scatter medium, angular resolution in scatter medium, and side and back shielding effectiveness. All experiments have been performed based on the NEMA NU3-2004 standard set up. The measured system sensitivities in air and scatter medium (water) are 1700 cps/MBq and 1770 cps/MBq, respectively, both measured at 3 cm from the collimator. The spatial resolution in the scatter medium is about 45 mm at 3 cm distance from the collimator. Also, the angular resolution of the probe is 74o FWHM. Finally, a shielding effectiveness of 99.5% is measured. The results show that the probe can potentially be used for sentinel lymph node localization during the surgery.

  3. Hand-held medical robots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Christopher J; Yang, Guang-Zhong

    2014-08-01

    Medical robots have evolved from autonomous systems to tele-operated platforms and mechanically-grounded, cooperatively-controlled robots. Whilst these approaches have seen both commercial and clinical success, uptake of these robots remains moderate because of their high cost, large physical footprint and long setup times. More recently, researchers have moved toward developing hand-held robots that are completely ungrounded and manipulated by surgeons in free space, in a similar manner to how conventional instruments are handled. These devices provide specific functions that assist the surgeon in accomplishing tasks that are otherwise challenging with manual manipulation. Hand-held robots have the advantages of being compact and easily integrated into the normal surgical workflow since there is typically little or no setup time. Hand-held devices can also have a significantly reduced cost to healthcare providers as they do not necessitate the complex, multi degree-of-freedom linkages that grounded robots require. However, the development of such devices is faced with many technical challenges, including miniaturization, cost and sterility, control stability, inertial and gravity compensation and robust instrument tracking. This review presents the emerging technical trends in hand-held medical robots and future development opportunities for promoting their wider clinical uptake.

  4. Intraoperative detection of radiolabeled compounds using a hand held gamma probe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricard, Marcel

    2001-02-01

    Scintillation cameras in Nuclear Medicine allow external detection of cancerous lesions after administration of a specific radiopharmaceutical to the patient. In some particular cases the affinity of the tracer is sufficient to consider the use of an intraoperative probe which enables the surgeon to identify radioactive tissues. A radiopharmaceutical consists of a radioisotope bound to a carrier molecule. The radioactive emissions must represent certain criteria in terms of half-life and energy to be detected during an operation. In the field of intraoperative detection radionuclides like 99mTc, 111In, 125I and 131I fall into this category. Their energy, which ranges from some 10 to 364 keV, cannot be properly detected by a single type of detector. Two technologies have been developed to yield detectors which are handy and sufficiently sensitive: semiconductor CdTe or CdZnTe to detect low energies and scintillator CsI(Tl) for higher energies. Today the intraoperative detection has been evaluated in the case of several pathologies such as osteoid osteoma, colorectal cancer, neuroblastoma, reoperation of differentiated thyroid carcinoma and localization of sentinel node in breast cancer and cutaneous melanoma. Obviously, the results obtained are not comparable from one indication to the other. Nevertheless, the surgeons have noted a considerable advantage in using the intraoperative probe in the case of neuroblastoma and thyroid surgery, especially when the reoperation is difficult or the localizations are ectopic or unusual. As regards the sentinel node, this concept represents a major new opportunity in the field of intraoperative detection and the results actually reported in the literature demonstrate that, when it is detected, elective node excision renders the staging of the disease more accurate. In conclusion, intraoperative detection supplies the surgeon with additional knowledge to be used in correlation with the patient's medical history.

  5. Hand-held Dynamo-metry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ploeg, Rutger Jan Otto van der

    1992-01-01

    This study describes the application of a hand-held dynamometer that was designed to measure muscle strength in normal individuals and neurological patients in a simple way, comparable to manual muscle testing. Zie: Summary

  6. Precision of hand-held dental radiometers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueggeberg, F A

    1993-06-01

    The intensity of light within the wavelengths of 400 to 500 nm on a dental photocurable resin restorative material is a vital factor affecting many of the physical and chemical properties of the resulting restoration. This paper compares the precision of two recently introduced hand-held radiometers. The results indicate that the response of both hand-held meters was linear. For a given amount of decrease in light source intensity, both hand-held units responded with a corresponding decrement in measured intensity value. Both hand-held meters were found to limit their pass band of intensity readings between 400 and 515 nm, making them very useful clinical instruments. However, the absolute intensity readings between the two units were significantly different.

  7. HAND-HELD MYOMETRY - REFERENCE VALUES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERPLOEG, RJO; FIDLER, [No Value; OOSTERHUIS, HJGH

    In thirteen major muscle groups of 50 healthy females and 50 males, aged 20-60 years, maximum voluntary contraction was measured with a hand-held dynamometer. The intrasession variation, the left-right variation, and the fifth and fiftieth centile values were calculated. The ratio of two

  8. High performance hand-held gas chromatograph

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, C.M.

    1998-04-28

    The Microtechnology Center of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed a high performance hand-held, real time detection gas chromatograph (HHGC) by Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) technology. The total weight of this hand-held gas chromatograph is about five lbs., with a physical size of 8{close_quotes} x 5{close_quotes} x 3{close_quotes} including carrier gas and battery. It consumes about 12 watts of electrical power with a response time on the order of one to two minutes. This HHGC has an average effective theoretical plate of about 40k. Presently, its sensitivity is limited by its thermal sensitive detector at PPM. Like a conventional G.C., this HHGC consists mainly of three major components: (1) the sample injector, (2) the column, and (3) the detector with related electronics. The present HHGC injector is a modified version of the conventional injector. Its separation column is fabricated completely on silicon wafers by means of MEMS technology. This separation column has a circular cross section with a diameter of 100 pm. The detector developed for this hand-held GC is a thermal conductivity detector fabricated on a silicon nitride window by MEMS technology. A normal Wheatstone bridge is used. The signal is fed into a PC and displayed through LabView software.

  9. Potential role of a new hand-held miniature gamma camera in performing minimally invasive parathyroidectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortega, Joaquin; Lledo, Salvador [University of Valencia, Clinic University Hospital, Department of Surgery, Valencia (Spain); Ferrer-Rebolleda, Jose [Clinic University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Valencia (Spain); Cassinello, Norberto [Clinic University Hospital, Unit of Endocrinologic and Bariatric Surgery, Valencia (Spain)

    2007-02-15

    Sestamibi scans have increased the use of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) to treat primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) when caused by a parathyroid single adenoma. The greatest concern for surgeons remains the proper identification of pathological glands in a limited surgical field. We have studied the usefulness of a new hand-held miniature gamma camera (MGC) when used intraoperatively to locate parathyroid adenomas. To our knowledge this is the first report published on this subject in the scientific literature. Five patients with PHPT secondary to a single adenoma, positively diagnosed by preoperative sestamibi scans, underwent a MIP. A gamma probe for radioguided surgery and the new hand-held MGC were used consecutively to locate the pathological glands. This new MGC has a module composed of a high-resolution interchangeable collimator and a CsI(Na) scintillating crystal. It has dimensions of around 15 cm x 8 cm x 9 cm and weighs 1 kg. The intraoperative assay of PTH (ioPTH) was used to confirm the complete resection of pathological tissue. All cases were operated on successfully by a MIP. The ioPTH confirmed the excision of all pathological tissues. The MGC proved its usefulness in all patients, even in a difficult case in which the first attempt with the gamma probe failed. In all cases it offered real-time accurate intraoperative images. The hand-held MGC is a useful instrument in MIP for PHPT. It may be used to complement the standard tools used to date, or may even replace them, at least in selected cases of single adenomas. (orig.)

  10. Hand-held myometry: reference values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Ploeg, R J; Fidler, V; Oosterhuis, H J

    1991-01-01

    In thirteen major muscle groups of 50 healthy females and 50 males, aged 20-60 years, maximum voluntary contraction was measured with a hand-held dynamometer. The intrasession variation, the left-right variation, and the fifth and fiftieth centile values were calculated. The ratio of two observations within one session ranged from 0.85 to 1.18 and the ratio of left to right ranged from 0.82 to 1.22 (95% reference limits). In 20 volunteers the repeatability was tested after one week. The ratio of averages of three measurements in two successive weeks ranged from 0.82 to 1.23 (95% reference limits). There were only small differences between muscle groups concerning these ratios. A significant relation with age and weight/Quetelet Index could be demonstrated in some muscle groups. The mean strength of females is approximately two thirds of the strength of males. The data may be useful as reference values in the application of hand-held myometry. PMID:2030353

  11. 30 CFR 56.12033 - Hand-held electric tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand-held electric tools. 56.12033 Section 56.12033 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL....12033 Hand-held electric tools. Hand-held electric tools shall not be operated at high potential...

  12. 30 CFR 57.12033 - Hand-held electric tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hand-held electric tools. 57.12033 Section 57.12033 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL... Surface and Underground § 57.12033 Hand-held electric tools. Hand-held electric tools shall not be...

  13. The Graphic Calculator Is Dead, Long Live Hand Held Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldknow, Adrian

    2001-01-01

    Explores the broader potential of hand held technology. Presents web resources with descriptions of new technologies and applications that include graphing calculators and classroom communication systems. (MM)

  14. High performance hand-held gas chromatograph

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, C M; Koo, J C

    2001-01-10

    Gas chromatography is a prominent technique for separating complex gases and then analyzing the relative quantities of the separate components. This analytical technique is popular with scientists in a wide range of applications, including environmental restoration for air and water pollution, and chemical and biological analysis. Today the analytical instrumentation community is to working towards moving the analysis away from the laboratory to the point of origin of the sample (''the field'') to achieve real-time data collection and lower analysis costs. The Microtechnology Center of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has developed a hand-held, real-time detection gas chromatograph (GC) through Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) technology. The total weight of this GC is approximately 8 pounds, and it measures 8 inches by 5 inches by 3 inches. It consumes approximately 12 watts of electrical power and has a response time on the order of 2 minutes. The current detector is a glow discharge detector with a sensitivity of parts per billion. The average retention time is about 30 to 45 seconds. Under optimum conditions, the calculated effective plate number is 40,000. The separation column in the portable GC is fabricated completely on silicon wafers. Silicon is a good thermal conductor and provides rapid heating and cooling of the column. The operational temperature can be as high as 350 degrees Celsius. The GC system is capable of rapid column temperature ramping and cooling operations. These are especially important for organic and biological analyses in the GC applications.

  15. An Intelligent Hand-Held Microsurgical Instrument for Improved Accuracy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ang, Wei

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents the development and initial experimental results of the first prototype of Micron, an active hand-held instrument to sense and compensate physiological tremor and other unwanted...

  16. The use of hand held mobile phones by drivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedford, D; O'Farrell, A; Downey, J; McKeown, N; Howell, F

    2005-01-01

    The use of mobile phones by drivers has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of motor vehicle crashes. The aim of this study was to identify the use of hand held mobiles phones by drivers in Ireland. Their use was investigated by a direct observation survey of drivers. The study showed that 3.6% of drivers were using hand held mobile phones while driving. This rate is high compared to other studies. Van drivers were three times more likely than other drivers to use a mobile phone whilst driving. Legislation needs to be introduced to ban their use and thereby reduce the risk of crashes.

  17. Epilepsy Forewarning Using A Hand-Held Device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hively, LM

    2005-02-21

    Over the last decade, ORNL has developed and patented a novel approach for forewarning of a large variety of machine and biomedical events. The present implementation uses desktop computers to analyze archival data. This report describes the next logical step in this effort, namely use of a hand-held device for the analysis.

  18. Fabricating a custom earpiece for hand-held radios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, James V; Hansen, Nancy A; Schroetlin, Robert G; Jones, John D

    2009-12-01

    This article describes the fabrication of a custom earpiece for use with hand-held radios. The technique can be used to fabricate custom earpieces, as a public service, for law enforcement personnel, firefighters, emergency medical services (EMS) personnel, and others, improving safety and providing a valuable benefit to the community.

  19. Interactive topology optimization on hand-held devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aage, Niels; Nobel-Jørgensen, Morten; Andreasen, Casper Schousboe

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an interactive topology optimization application designed for hand-held devices running iOS or Android. The TopOpt app solves the 2D minimum compliance problem with interactive control of load and support positions as well as volume fraction. Thus, it is possible to change......OS devices from the Apple App Store, at Google Play for the Android platform, and a web-version can be run from www.topopt.dtu.dk....

  20. Vibration and impulsivity analysis of hand held olive beaters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deboli, Roberto; Calvo, Angela; Preti, Christian

    2016-07-01

    To provide more effective evaluations of hand arm vibration syndromes caused by hand held olive beaters, this study focused on two aspects: the acceleration measured at the tool pole and the analysis of the impulsivity, using the crest factor. The signals were frequency weighted using the weighting curve Wh as described in the ISO 5349-1 standard. The same source signals were also filtered by the Wh-bl filter (ISO/TS 15694), because the weighting filter Wh (unlike the Wh-bl filter) could underestimate the effect of high frequency vibration on vibration-induced finger disorders. Ten (experienced) male operators used three beater models (battery powered) in the real olive harvesting condition. High vibration total values were obtained with values never lower than 20 m(-2). Concerning the crest factor, the values ranged from 5 to more than 22. This work demonstrated that the hand held olive beaters produced high impulsive loads comparable to the industry hand held tools. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  1. Hand-held portable microarray reader for biodetection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Deanna Lynn; Coleman, Matthew A; Lane, Stephen M; Matthews, Dennis L; Albala, Joanna; Wachsmann-Hogiu, Sebastian

    2013-04-23

    A hand-held portable microarray reader for biodetection includes a microarray reader engineered to be small enough for portable applications. The invention includes a high-powered light-emitting diode that emits excitation light, an excitation filter positioned to receive the excitation light, a slide, a slide holder assembly for positioning the slide to receive the excitation light from the excitation filter, an emission filter positioned to receive the excitation light from the slide, a lens positioned to receive the excitation light from the emission filter, and a CCD camera positioned to receive the excitation light from the lens.

  2. Adaptive RF front-ends for hand-held applications

    CERN Document Server

    van Bezooijen, Andre; van Roermund, Arthur

    2010-01-01

    The RF front-end - antenna combination is a vital part of a mobile phone because its performance is very relevant to the link quality between hand-set and cellular network base-stations. The RF front-end performance suffers from changes in operating environment, like hand-effects, that are often unpredictable. ""Adaptive RF Front-Ends for Hand-Held Applications"" presents an analysis on the impact of fluctuating environmental parameters. In order to overcome undesired behavior two different adaptive control methods are treated that make RF frond-ends more resilient: adaptive impedance control,

  3. Ultratrace detector for hand-held gas chromatography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andresen, Brian D.; Miller, Fred S.

    1999-01-01

    An ultratrace detector system for hand-held gas chromatography having high sensitivity, for example, to emissions generated during production of weapons, biological compounds, drugs, etc. The detector system is insensitive to water, air, helium, argon, oxygen, and C0.sub.2. The detector system is basically composed of a hand-held capillary gas chromatography (GC), an insulated heated redox-chamber, a detection chamber, and a vapor trap. For example, the detector system may use gas phase redox reactions and spectral absorption of mercury vapor. The gas chromatograph initially separates compounds that percolate through a bed of heated mercuric oxide (HgO) in a silica--or other metal--aerogel material which acts as an insulator. Compounds easily oxidized by HgO liberate atomic mercury that subsequently pass through a detection chamber which includes a detector cell, such as quartz, that is illuminated with a 254 nm ultra-violet (UV) mercury discharge lamp which generates the exact mercury absorption bands that are used to detect the liberated mercury atoms. Atomic mercury strongly absorbs 254 nm energy is therefore a specific signal for reducing compounds eluting from the capillary GC, whereafter the atomic mercury is trapped for example, in a silicon-aerogel trap.

  4. 78 FR 27441 - NIJ Evaluation of Hand-Held Cell Phone Detector Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-10

    ... of Justice Programs NIJ Evaluation of Hand-Held Cell Phone Detector Devices AGENCY: National...) is soliciting interest in supplying hand-held cell phone detector devices for participation in an... soliciting interest in supplying hand-held cell phone detector devices for participation in an evaluation by...

  5. Hand-Held Devices Detect Explosives and Chemical Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Ion Applications Inc., of West Palm Beach, Florida, partnered with Ames Research Center through Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) agreements to develop a miniature version ion mobility spectrometer (IMS). While NASA was interested in the instrument for detecting chemicals during exploration of distant planets, moons, and comets, the company has incorporated the technology into a commercial hand-held IMS device for use by the military and other public safety organizations. Capable of detecting and identifying molecules with part-per-billion sensitivity, the technology now provides soldiers with portable explosives and chemical warfare agent detection. The device is also being adapted for detecting drugs and is employed in industrial processes such as semiconductor manufacturing.

  6. Occupational risk identification using hand-held or laptop computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naumanen, Paula; Savolainen, Heikki; Liesivuori, Jyrki

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the Work Environment Profile (WEP) program and its use in risk identification by computer. It is installed into a hand-held computer or a laptop to be used in risk identification during work site visits. A 5-category system is used to describe the identified risks in 7 groups, i.e., accidents, biological and physical hazards, ergonomic and psychosocial load, chemicals, and information technology hazards. Each group contains several qualifying factors. These 5 categories are colour-coded at this stage to aid with visualization. Risk identification produces visual summary images the interpretation of which is facilitated by colours. The WEP program is a tool for risk assessment which is easy to learn and to use both by experts and nonprofessionals. It is especially well adapted to be used both in small and in larger enterprises. Considerable time is saved as no paper notes are needed.

  7. Hand-held spectrophotometer design for textile fabrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böcekçi, Veysel Gökhan; Yıldız, Kazım

    2017-09-01

    In this study, a hand-held spectrophotometer was designed by taking advantage of the developments in modern optoelectronic technology. Spectrophotometer devices are used to determine the color information from the optic properties of the materials. As an alternative to a desktop spectrophotometer device we have implemented, it is the first prototype, low cost and portable. The prototype model designed for the textile industry can detect the color tone of any fabric. The prototype model consists of optic sensor, processor, display floors. According to the color applied on the optic sensor, it produces special frequency information on its output at that color value. In Arduino type processor, the frequency information is evaluated by the program we have written and the color tone information between 0-255 ton is decided and displayed on the screen.

  8. [Intraoperative Measurement of Refraction with a Hand-Held Autorefractometer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gesser, C; Küper, T; Richard, G; Hassenstein, A

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate an intraoperative measurement of objective refraction with a hand-held retinomax instrument. At the end of cataract surgery objective refraction in a lying position was measured with a retinomax instrument. On the first postoperative day the same measurement was performed with a retinomax and a standard autorefractometer. To evaluate the differences between measurements, the spherical equivalent (SE) and Jackson's cross cylinder at 0° (J0) and 45° (J45) was used. 103 eyes were included. 95 of them had normal cataract surgery. Differences between retinomax at the operative day and the standard autorefractometer were 0.68 ± 2.58 D in SE, 0.05 ± 1.4D in J0 and 0.05 ± 1.4D in J45. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Intraoperative measurement of the refraction with a retinomax can predict the postoperative refraction. Nevertheless, in a few patients great differences may occur. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  9. Hand-Held Units for Short-Range Wireless Biotelemetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Felix A.; Simons, Rainee N.

    2008-01-01

    Special-purpose hand-held radiotransceiver units have been proposed as means of short-range radio powering and interrogation of surgically implanted microelectromechanical sensors and actuators. These units are based partly on the same principles as those of the units described in "Printed Multi- Turn Loop Antennas for RF Biotelemetry" (LEW-17879-1), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 31, No. 6 (June 2007), page 48. Like the previously reported units, these units would make it unnecessary to have wire connections between the implanted devices and the external equipment used to activate and interrogate them. Like a unit of the previously reported type, a unit of the type now proposed would include a printed-circuit antenna on a dielectric substrate. The antenna circuitry would include integrated surface-mount inductors for impedance tuning. Circuits for processing the signals transmitted and received by the antenna would be included on the substrate. During operation, the unit would be positioned near (but not in electrical contact with) a human subject, in proximity to a microelectromechanical sensor or actuator that has been surgically implanted in the subject. It has been demonstrated that significant electromagnetic coupling with an implanted device could be established at a distance of as much as 4 in. (.10 cm). During operation in the interrogation mode, the antenna of the unit would receive a radio telemetry signal transmitted by the surgically implanted device. The antenna substrate would have dimensions of approximately 3.25 by 3.75 inches (approximately 8.3 by 9.5 cm). The substrate would have a thickness of the order of 30 mils (of the order of a somewhat less than a millimeter). The substrate would be made of low-radiofrequency- loss dielectric material that could be, for example, fused quartz, alumina, or any of a number of commercially available radio-frequency dielectric composite materials. The antenna conductors would typically be made of copper or a

  10. Portable Hand-Held Electrochemical Sensor for the Transuranics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dale D. Russell, William B. Knowlton, Ph.D.; Russel Hertzog, Ph.D

    2005-11-25

    sensitive detector for uranium. Millimeter scale electrodes, operated by a hand-held instrument assembled in this lab and operated in the voltammetric mode, were transported to the DOE-Nevada test site (Las Vegas, NV) where field detection and quantitation of plutonium, uranium, and a mixture of these two elements was also demonstrated. Several probe designs were prepared, built and tested including probes with movable protective windows. A miniature, battery powered potentiostat was designed, built and demonstrated for use in a hand-held field portable instrument. This work was performed largely by undergraduates who gained valuable research experience, and many of them have continued on to graduate schools. In addition, they all gained exposure to and appreciation for national security research, in particular non-proliferation research. Four graduate students participated and one earned the MS degree on this project.

  11. Direction-Sensitive Hand-Held Gamma-Ray Spectrometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukhopadhyay, S.

    2012-10-04

    A novel, light-weight, hand-held gamma-ray detector with directional sensitivity is being designed. The detector uses a set of multiple rings around two cylindrical surfaces, which provides precise location of two interaction points on two concentric cylindrical planes, wherefrom the source location can be traced back by back projection and/or Compton imaging technique. The detectors are 2.0 × 2.0 mm europium-doped strontium iodide (SrI2:Eu2+) crystals, whose light output has been measured to exceed 120,000 photons/MeV, making it one of the brightest scintillators in existence. The crystal’s energy resolution, less than 3% at 662 keV, is also excellent, and the response is highly linear over a wide range of gamma-ray energies. The emission of SrI2:Eu2+ is well matched to both photo-multiplier tubes and blue-enhanced silicon photodiodes. The solid-state photomultipliers used in this design (each 2.0 × 2.0 mm) are arrays of active pixel sensors (avalanche photodiodes driven beyond their breakdown voltage in reverse bias); each pixel acts as a binary photon detector, and their summed output is an analog representation of the total photon energy, while the individual pixel accurately defines the point of interaction. A simple back-projection algorithm involving cone-surface mapping is being modeled. The back projection for an event cone is a conical surface defining the possible location of the source. The cone axis is the straight line passing through the first and second interaction points.

  12. A high resolution hand-held focused beam profiler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapata-Farfan, J.; Garduño-Mejía, J.; Rosete-Aguilar, M.; Ascanio, G.; Román-Moreno, C. J.

    2017-05-01

    The shape of a beam is important in any laser application and depending on the final implementation, there exists a preferred one which is defined by the irradiance distribution.1 The energy distribution (or laser beam profile) is an important parameter in a focused beam, for instance, in laser cut industry, where the beam shape determines the quality of the cut. In terms of alignment and focusing, the energy distribution also plays an important role since the system must be configured in order to reduce the aberration effects and achieve the highest intensity. Nowadays a beam profiler is used in both industry and research laboratories with the aim to characterize laser beams used in free-space communications, focusing and welding, among other systems. The purpose of the profile analyzers is to know the main parameters of the beam, to control its characteristics as uniformity, shape and beam size as a guide to align the focusing system. In this work is presented a high resolution hand-held and compact design of a beam profiler capable to measure at the focal plane, with covered range from 400 nm to 1000 nm. The detection is reached with a CMOS sensor sized in 3673.6 μm x 2738.4 μm which acquire a snap shot of the previously attenuated focused beam to avoid the sensor damage, the result is an image of beam intensity distribution, which is digitally processed with a RaspberryTMmodule gathering significant parameters such as beam waist, centroid, uniformity and also some aberrations. The profiler resolution is 1.4 μm and was probed and validated in three different focusing systems. The spot sizes measurements were compared with the Foucault knife-edge test.

  13. Surgical guidance system using hand-held probe with accompanying positron coincidence detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Weisenberger, Andrew G.

    2017-10-10

    A surgical guidance system offering different levels of imaging capability while maintaining the same hand-held convenient small size of light-weight intra-operative probes. The surgical guidance system includes a second detector, typically an imager, located behind the area of surgical interest to form a coincidence guidance system with the hand-held probe. This approach is focused on the detection of positron emitting biomarkers with gamma rays accompanying positron emissions from the radiolabeled nuclei.

  14. Numerical identification of bacteria with a hand-held calculator as an alternative to code books.

    OpenAIRE

    Schindler, J.; Schindler, Z

    1982-01-01

    The Hewlett-Packard HP 41C hand-held calculator can be used for the numerical identification of bacteria. The dimensions of the identification matrix are limited to about 30 by 22; however, many groups of clinically important bacteria can be numerically identified by this method. Hand-held calculators can be used as an alternative to code books. At present, these calculators and additional tests can help solve identification problems in profiles not contained in code books.

  15. Feasibility of a wireless gamma probe in radioguided surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hye Min; Joo, Koan Sik

    2016-06-01

    Radioguided surgery through the use of a gamma probe is an established practice, and has been widely applied in the case of sentinel lymph node biopsies. A wide range of intraoperative gamma probes is commercially available. The primary characteristics of the gamma probes include their sensitivity, spatial resolution, and energy resolution. We present the results obtained from a prototype of a new wireless gamma probe. This prototype is composed of a 20 mm thick cerium-doped gadolinium aluminum gallium garnet (Ce:GAGG) inorganic scintillation crystal from Furukawa Denshi and a Hamamatsu S12572-100C multi-pixel photon counter equipped with a designed electronics. The measured performance characteristics include the energy resolution, energy linearity, angular aperture, spatial resolution and sensitivity. Measurements were carried out using 57Co, 133Ba, 22Na, and 137Cs sources. The energy resolutions for 0.122 and 0.511 MeV were 17.2% and 6.9%, respectively. The designed prototype consumes an energy of approximately 4.4 W, weighs about 310 g (including battery) having a dimension of 20 mm (D)  ×  130 mm (L).

  16. Driver hand-held cellular phone use: a four-year analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eby, David W; Vivoda, Jonathon M; St Louis, Renée M

    2006-01-01

    The use of hand-held cellular (mobile) phones while driving has stirred more debate, passion, and research than perhaps any other traffic safety issue in the past several years. There is ample research showing that the use of either hand-held or hands-free cellular phones can lead to unsafe driving patterns. Whether or not these performance deficits increase the risk of crash is difficult to establish, but recent studies are beginning to suggest that cellular phone use elevates crash risk. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the rate of hand-held cellular phone use by motor-vehicle drivers on a statewide level in Michigan. This study presents the results of 13 statewide surveys of cellular phone use over a 4-year period. Hand-held cellular phone use data were collected through direct observation while vehicles were stopped at intersections and freeway exit ramps. Data were weighted to be representative of all drivers traveling during daylight hours in Michigan. The study found that driver hand-held cellular phone use has more than doubled between 2001 and 2005, from 2.7% to 5.8%. This change represents an average increase of 0.78 percentage points per year. The 5.8% use rate observed in 2005 means that at any given daylight hour, around 36,550 drivers were conversing on cellular phones while driving on Michigan roadways. The trend line fitted to these data predicts that by the year 2010, driver hand-held cellular phone use will be around 8.6%, or 55,000 drivers at any given daylight hour. These results make it clear that cellular phone use while driving will continue to be an important traffic safety issue, and highlight the importance of continued attempts to generate new ways of alleviating this potential hazard.

  17. Longer-term effects of Washington, DC, law on drivers' hand-held cell phone use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartt, Anne T; Hellinga, Laurie A

    2007-06-01

    To determine whether the substantial short-term declines in drivers' use of hand-held phones achieved in the District of Columbia (DC) were sustained 1 year after a ban. Drivers' daytime hand-held cell phone use was observed in DC and nearby areas of Virginia and Maryland, states without bans. Observations were conducted several months before the ban, shortly after, and 1 year later. The number of vehicles observed in all three surveys combined was 51,945 in DC, 36,796 in Maryland, and 43,033 in Virginia. The rate of talking on hand-held phones declined significantly from 6.1 percent before the law to 3.5 percent shortly after; when measured 1 year later, use was 4.0 percent, still significantly lower than baseline. Based on increases in rates of talking on hand-held phones in Maryland and Virginia, longer-term phone use in DC was estimated to be 53 percent lower than would have been expected without the ban. Declines in DC were identified for drivers of vehicles registered in all three jurisdictions. In DC, there was an initial decline of about 50 percent in drivers talking on hand-held cell phones following a ban, and this decline was sustained about 1 year later. After a similar ban in New York, there was an initial decline in phone use comparable with the initial decline in DC, but the decline a year after the New York ban took full effect was only about 21 percent and not statistically significant. The potential difference in sustained effectiveness for the DC ban may reflect tougher enforcement in DC. Even if full compliance with hand-held phone bans can be achieved, the risks from drivers' use of hands-free phones will remain.

  18. Survey reveals public open to ban on hand-held cell phone use and texting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    A study performed by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics : (BTS) reveals that the public is open to a ban on : hand-held cell phone use while driving. The study is based : on data from 2009s Omnibus Household Survey (OHS), : which is administe...

  19. Strength assessment in postpolio syndrome: validity of a hand-held dynamometer in detecting change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nollet, F.; Beelen, A.

    1999-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the validity, the intraexaminer and interexaminer reproducibility, and the ability to detect change of a hand- held dynamometer (HHD) in strength measurements in former polio subjects. Design: HHD measurement of knee extensor strength was compared with the criterion

  20. Strength assessment in postpolio syndrome: validity of a hand-held dynamometer in detecting change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nollet, F.; Beelen, A.

    1999-01-01

    To investigate the validity, the intraexaminer and interexaminer reproducibility, and the ability to detect change of a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in strength measurements in former polio subjects. HHD measurement of knee extensor strength was compared with the criterion standard of a chair

  1. Implementation of synthetic aperture imaging on a hand-held device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hemmsen, Martin Christian; Kjeldsen, Thomas; Larsen, Lee

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents several implementations of Syn- thetic Aperture Sequential Beamforming (SASB) on commer- cially available hand-held devices. The implementations include real-time wireless reception of ultrasound radio frequency sig- nals and GPU processing for B-mode imaging. The proposed imp...

  2. Applying Hand-Held 3D Printing Technology to the Teaching of VSEPR Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Natalie L.; Ewan, Corrina; McIndoe, J. Scott

    2016-01-01

    The use of hand-held 3D printing technology provides a unique and engaging approach to learning VSEPR theory by enabling students to draw three-dimensional depictions of different molecular geometries, giving them an appreciation of the shapes of the building blocks of complex molecular structures. Students are provided with 3D printing pens and…

  3. Hand-held radiography of the ankle joint - just a matter of routine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, C.

    1985-11-01

    Hand-held radiography for the diagnosis of ruptures of the outer ligament of the ankle joint often presents problems resulting, e.g., from errors of adjustment or inadequate stressing of the ligament. There are different techniques and criteria of interpretation none of which are ideal. Arthrography may provide further information.

  4. Online Responses towards Parental Rearing Styles Regarding Hand-Held Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Gretchen; Disney, Leigh

    2014-01-01

    This article reviewed the literature on parental rearing styles and used responses from an online discussion forum to investigate people's opinions towards parental rearing styles and strategies when children use hand-held devices. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) was used as an analysis method via micro, meso and macro multi-level…

  5. Hand-Held Model of a Sarcomere to Illustrate the Sliding Filament Mechanism in Muscle Contraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jittivadhna, Karnyupha; Ruenwongsa, Pintip; Panijpan, Bhinyo

    2009-01-01

    From our teaching of the contractile unit of the striated muscle, we have found limitations in using textbook illustrations of sarcomere structure and its related dynamic molecular physiological details. A hand-held model of a striated muscle sarcomere made from common items has thus been made by us to enhance students' understanding of the…

  6. Research Note Calibration of a hand-held instrument for measuring ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Condensed tannins are ecologically important compounds in plants for several reasons, e.g. as herbivore deterrents or protecting photosynthetic tissues against ultraviolet radiation. The hand-held Dualex Series 4 instrument was originally developed for indirect determination of flavonol concentrations in crops. Flavonols ...

  7. 77 FR 73354 - Safety Standard for Hand-Held Infant Carriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... ``hand-held bassinet/cradle'' is defined as `` freestanding product, with a rest/support surface to... hazards. A Moses basket is considered to be a freestanding product with a rest/support surface to... shoulder straps in place, with the crotch strap left unsecured, which allowed the infant to slide forward...

  8. 78 FR 73415 - Safety Standard for Hand-Held Infant Carriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... ``hand-held bassinet/cradle'' is defined as ``a freestanding product, with a rest/ support surface to... different hazards. A Moses basket is a freestanding product with a rest/support surface to facilitate sleep... face pressed into the side of the seat; infant strangled to death when restrained by the shoulder...

  9. Effects of Washington, D.C. law on drivers' hand-held cell phone use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartt, Anne T; Hellinga, Laurie A; Geary, Lori L

    2006-03-01

    To assess the effects of Washington, D.C. law prohibiting drivers' use of hand-held cell phones on such use. Daytime observations of drivers were conducted at signalized intersections in D.C. in March 2004, several months before the law took effect on July 1, 2004, and again in October 2004. As a comparison, observations also were conducted in areas of Virginia and Maryland located close to the D.C. border. Maryland and Virginia placed no limitations on drivers' phone use. Use was observed for 36,091 vehicles in D.C., 25,151 vehicles in Maryland, and 28,483 vehicles in Virginia. The rate of talking on hand-held cell phones among drivers in D.C. declined significantly from 6.1% before the law to 3.5% after. Phone use declined slightly in Maryland and increased significantly in Virginia so that, relative to the patterns of hand-held phone use in the two states, phone use in D.C. declined 50%. Hand-held phone use in D.C. declined comparably among drivers of vehicles registered in all three jurisdictions. D.C. police issued 2,556 citations and 1,232 warnings for cell phone violations during July-November 2004. There were spates of media coverage when the law was passed and when it took effect. D.C.'s law prohibiting drivers' hand-held phone use had a strong effect on such use among drivers in D.C. Without ongoing publicized enforcement of the law, long-term compliance may be difficult to achieve.

  10. Modification of the hand-held Vscan ultrasound and verification of its performance for transvaginal applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troyano Luque, J M; Ferrer-Roca, O; Barco-Marcellán, M J; Sabatel López, R; Pérez-Medina, T; Pérez-Lopez, F R

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to validate a new clinical obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) application for a hand-held ultrasound (US) device. We modified the smallest hand-held device on the market and tested the system for transvaginal (TV) use. This device was originally conceived for abdominal scanning only. The validation involved 80 successive patients examined by the same operator: 25 obstetric and 55 gynecologic cases. US examination was performed transvaginally with two US systems: the hand-held Vscan (General Electrics; GE Vingmed Ultrasound; Norway) for which an intravaginal gadget TTGP-2010® (Troyano transvaginal gadget probe) was designed, and the Voluson 730 Expert (multifrequency transvaginal ultrasound of 3-9MHz; GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA). We performed the same measurements with both US systems in order to confirm whether or not their diagnostic capability was similar. Quantitative difference in measurements between the systems was assessed, as well as the overall diagnostic detection rate and suitability for telemedicine. Regarding lesion visibility with Vscan, optimal distance was 8-16cm depending on the examination type, and the total detection rate was 98.7%. The exception was an ovarian endometrioma, diagnosed as a follicular cyst using the hand-held device. Assessment of reproducibility in 180 measurements showed that the measurements obtained with Vscan were 0.3-0.4cm lower than those obtained with the high resolution US device (Voluson 730 Expert). Nevertheless, Pearson's correlation coefficient was high for biparietal diameter (0.72) and gynecological (GYN) (0.99) measurements, and for overall correlation (0.997). Image transport on USB and SD-flash cards proved convenient for telemedicine. A novel TV application of a hand-held US device is demonstrated for OB-GYN. Heart, abdominal and obstetrics presets of the Vscan together with color-Doppler enable a detection capability comparable to that of a high-definition US device. The

  11. Computer-assisted hand-held dynamometer: low-cost instrument for muscle function assessment in rehabilitation medicine.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harlaar, J.; Roebroeck, M.E.; Lankhorst, G.J.

    1996-01-01

    In rehabilitation medicine, muscle function is assessed during the physical examination of the patient. Although a simple hand-held instrument improves the assessment of static strength, it is rarely used in clinical practice, where dynamic measurements are preferred. A computer-assisted hand-held

  12. Hand-Held Dynamometer Measurements Obtained in a Home Environment Are Reliable but Not Correlated Strongly with Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohannon, R. W.

    1996-01-01

    This research report describes the reliability and validity of hand-held dynamometer measurements of knee extension force obtained from 13 patients referred for physical therapy. Results found that hand-held dynamometry can be used to obtain reliable measures of muscle strength; however, correlation between strength measures and function was not…

  13. System design of a hand-held mobile robot for craniotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Gavin; Eggers, Georg; Boesecke, Robert; Raczkowsky, Jörg; Wörn, Heinz; Marmulla, Rüdiger; Mühling, Joachim

    2009-01-01

    This contribution reports the development and initial testing of a Mobile Robot System for Surgical Craniotomy, the Craniostar. A kinematic system based on a unicycle robot is analysed to provide local positioning through two spiked wheels gripping directly onto a patients skull. A control system based on a shared control system between both the Surgeon and Robot is employed in a hand-held design that is tested initially on plastic phantom and swine skulls. Results indicate that the system has substantially lower risk than present robotically assisted craniotomies, and despite being a hand-held mobile robot, the Craniostar is still capable of sub-millimetre accuracy in tracking along a trajectory and thus achieving an accurate transfer of pre-surgical plan to the operating room procedure, without the large impact of current medical robots based on modified industrial robots.

  14. Testing Precision of Measurements with Hand-Held GPS-Device GPSMAP 76CS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Župan

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Small hand-held GPS-devices are more and more in use these days. A need for their accuracy and precision testing arises. Precision of measurements with the small hand-held GPS-device GPSMAP 76CS is described in this paper. Also, the correlation between reading "accuracy" during survey and deviations of individual measurements from their average value has been explored. The importance of the research is in the fact that according to our knowledge, there are not any explanations or definitions of "accuracy" shown on the screen of GPSMAP 76CS or similar devices in available references.Ključne riječi

  15. Analysis of Hand-Held Phones Using the Finite Integration Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Dlouhy

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Two different hand-held phones operating at 1.8 GHz are numerically analyzed, applying a field calculation program MAFIA (MAxwell's equations using the Finite Integration Algorithm. One phone contains a Back-Mounted Microstrip Double Patch Antenna (BMMDPA, the other, for comparison a conventional monopole. Realistic models of the the handset, the head and the hand are used to gain a detailed understanding of the antenna properties, as well as of the antenna-tissue interaction.

  16. Long-Wavelength 256 x 256 QWIP Hand-Held Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunapala, S. D.; Liu, J. K.; Sundaram, M.; Bandara, S. V.; Shott, C. A.; Hoelter, T.; Maker, P. D.; Muller, R. E.

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the development of very sensitive long wavelength infrared (LWIR) GaAs/Al(x)Ga(l-x)As quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIPs), fabrication of random reflectors for efficient light coupling, and the demonstration of the first hand-held long-wavelength 256 x 256 QWIP focal plane array camera. Excellent imagery, with a noise equivalent differential temperature (NE Delta T) of 25 mK has been achieved.

  17. Analysis of Hand-Held Phones Using the Finite Integration Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Dlouhy, R.

    1996-01-01

    Two different hand-held phones operating at 1.8 GHz are numerically analyzed, applying a field calculation program MAFIA (MAxwell's equations using the Finite Integration Algorithm). One phone contains a Back-Mounted Microstrip Double Patch Antenna (BMMDPA), the other, for comparison a conventional monopole. Realistic models of the the handset, the head and the hand are used to gain a detailed understanding of the antenna properties, as well as of the antenna-tissue interaction.

  18. Planning of directionally drilled wells in the offshore Wilmington field using the hand-held calculator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, D.D.; Barth, J.W.

    1983-02-01

    As of July 1982, 901 wells have been directionally drilled in the Long Beach Unit of the East Wilmington Field from 4 man-made islands and land based drilling sites. As more wells are added to each site the planning of new well courses has become more complex. The hand held calculator with Long Beach Unit developed programs has been an aid in laying out new wells which will avoid existing cased boreholes.

  19. Prediction of essential oil content of oregano by hand-held and Fourier transform NIR spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camps, Cédric; Gérard, Marianne; Quennoz, Mélanie; Brabant, Cécile; Oberson, Carine; Simonnet, Xavier

    2014-05-01

    In the framework of a breeding programme, the analysis of hundreds of oregano samples to determine their essential oil content (EOC) is time-consuming and expensive in terms of labour. Therefore developing a new method that is rapid, accurate and less expensive to use would be an asset to breeders. The aim of the present study was to develop a method based on near-inrared (NIR) spectroscopy to determine the EOC of oregano dried powder. Two spectroscopic approaches were compared, the first using a hand-held NIR device and the second a Fourier transform (FT) NIR spectrometer. Hand-held NIR (1000-1800 nm) measurements and partial least squares regression allowed the determination of EOC with R² and SEP values of 0.58 and 0.81 mL per 100 g dry matter (DM) respectively. Measurements with FT-NIR (1000-2500 nm) allowed the determination of EOC with R² and SEP values of 0.91 and 0.68 mL per 100 g DM respectively. RPD, RER and RPIQ values for the model implemented with FT-NIR data were satisfactory for screening application, while those obtained with hand-held NIR data were below the level required to consider the model as enough accurate for screening application. The FT-NIR approach allowed the development of an accurate model for EOC prediction. Although the hand-held NIR approach is promising, it needs additional development before it can be used in practice. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  20. Noise reduction techniques in the design of a pneumatic-driven hand held power tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Christian M.

    2005-09-01

    Pneumatic-driven hand-held power tools generate noise in the workplace. Current legislation in Europe and the USA aims at protecting workers against noise exposure. In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that employers create a hearing conservation program if the noise exposure exceeds 85 dB(A). In the European Community under the Directive 2003/10/EC, employers are required to provide hearing protection if the noise exposure within the working environment exceeds 80 dB(A) and must require hearing protection to be worn if the noise exposure exceeds 85 dB(A). This paper examines the sources of noise which contribute to the overall noise from a hand-held power tool. A test plan was developed to identify these individual sources of noise and to determine if structure-borne noise or airborne noise is the dominant source relative to the overall noise level. The measurements were performed per International Standards Organization (ISO) 15744. This paper will describe the methodology used to identify the noise sources and reduce the overall noise of a hand-held power tool.

  1. Hand-held internet tablets for school-based data collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denny, Simon J; Milfont, Taciano L; Utter, Jennifer; Robinson, Elizabeth M; Ameratunga, Shanthi N; Merry, Sally N; Fleming, Theresa M; Watson, Peter D

    2008-07-26

    In the last 20 years, researchers have been using computer self-administered questionnaires to gather data on a wide range of adolescent health related behaviours. More recently, researchers collecting data in schools have started to use smaller hand-held computers for their ease of use and portability. The aim of this study is to describe a new technology with wi-fi enabled hand-held internet tablets and to compare adolescent preferences of laptop computers or hand-held internet tablets in administering a youth health and well-being questionnaire in a school setting. A total of 177 students took part in a pilot study of a national youth health and wellbeing survey. Students were randomly assigned to internet tablets or laptops at the start of the survey and were changed to the alternate mode of administration about half-way through the questionnaire. Students at the end of the questionnaire were asked which of the two modes of administration (1) they preferred, (2) was easier to use, (3) was more private and confidential, and (4) was easier to answer truthfully. Many students expressed no preference between laptop computers or internet tablets. However, among the students who expressed a preference between laptop computers or internet tablets, the majority of students found the internet tablets more private and confidential (p internet tablets is a feasible methodology for school-based surveys especially when asking about sensitive information.

  2. The reliability and validity of hand-held refractometry water content measures of hydrogel lenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Jason J; Mitchell, G Lynn; Good, Gregory W

    2003-06-01

    To investigate within- and between-examiner reliability and validity of hand-held refractometry water content measures of hydrogel lenses. Nineteen lenses of various nominal water contents were examined by two examiners on two occasions separated by 1 hour. An Atago N2 hand-held refractometer was used for all water content measures. Lenses were presented in a random order to each examiner by a third party, and examiners were masked to any potential lens identifiers. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), 95% limits of agreement, and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used to characterize the within- and between-examiner reliability and validity of lens water content measures. Within-examiner reliability was excellent (ICC, 0.97; 95% limits of agreement, -3.6% to +5.7%), and the inter-visit mean difference of 1.1 +/- 2.4% was not biased (p = 0.08). Between-examiner reliability was also excellent (ICC, 0.98; 95% limits of agreement, -4.1% to +3.9%). The mean difference between examiners was -0.1 +/- 2.1% (p = 0.83). The mean difference between the nominally reported water content and our water content measures was -2.1 +/- 1.7% (p water content of hydrogel lenses. However, with our sample of lenses, examiners tended to overestimate the nominal water content of hydrogel lenses. As discussed, this bias may be associated with the Brix scale used in refractometry and is material dependent. Therefore, investigators may need to account for bias when measuring hydrogel lens water content via hand-held refractometry.

  3. Sensitive SERS nanotags for use with a hand-held 1064 nm Raman spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Hayleigh; Ali, Fatima; Bedics, Matthew A.; Shand, Neil C.; Faulds, Karen; Detty, Michael R.; Graham, Duncan

    2017-07-01

    This is the first report of the use of a hand-held 1064 nm Raman spectrometer combined with red-shifted surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags to provide an unprecedented performance in the short-wave infrared (SWIR) region. A library consisting of 17 chalcogenopyrylium nanotags produce extraordinary SERS responses with femtomolar detection limits being obtained using the portable instrument. This is well beyond previous SERS detection limits at this far red-shifted wavelength and opens up new options for SERS sensors in the SWIR region of the electromagnetic spectrum (between 950 and 1700 nm).

  4. A hand-held sensor for analyses of local distributions of magnetic fields and losses

    CERN Document Server

    Krismanic, G; Baumgartinger, N

    2000-01-01

    The paper describes a novel sensor for non-destructive analyses of local field and loss distributions in laminated soft magnetic cores, such as transformer cores. It was designed for rapid information on comparative local degrees of inhomogeneity, e.g., for the estimation of local building factors. Similar to a magnifying glass with handle, the compact hand-held sensor contains extremely sharp needle electrodes for the detection of the induction vector B as well as double-field coils for the vector H. Losses P are derived from the Poynting law. Applied to inner -- or also outer -- core regions, the sensor yields instantaneous computer displays of local H, B, and P.

  5. Real time OCT-based angiography device with hand-held probe (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moiseev, Alexander A.; Gelikonov, Grigory V.; Ksenofontov, Sergey Y.; Gelikonov, Valentin M.; Matveev, Lev A.; Zaitsev, Vladimir Y.; Matveev, Alexander L.; Sirotkina, Marina A.; Gladkova, Natalia D.; Vitkin, I. Alex

    2017-02-01

    This work is dedicated to development of the OCT system with angiography for everyday clinical use. Two major problems were solved during the development: compensation of specific tissue displacements, induced by contact scanning mode and physiological motion of patients (e.g. respiratory and cardiac motions) and on-line visualization of vessel net, to provide the feedback for system operator. The performance of the resulting OCT-based microangiography device with hand-held probe was evaluated by visualization of vessels nets of volunteers oral mucosa and skin on different locations (hands, face, abdomen etc.). Success-rate more than 90% was demonstrated during the experiments.

  6. Finger tracking for hand-held device interface using profile-matching stereo vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yung-Ping; Lee, Dah-Jye; Moore, Jason; Desai, Alok; Tippetts, Beau

    2013-01-01

    Hundreds of millions of people use hand-held devices frequently and control them by touching the screen with their fingers. If this method of operation is being used by people who are driving, the probability of deaths and accidents occurring substantially increases. With a non-contact control interface, people do not need to touch the screen. As a result, people will not need to pay as much attention to their phones and thus drive more safely than they would otherwise. This interface can be achieved with real-time stereovision. A novel Intensity Profile Shape-Matching Algorithm is able to obtain 3-D information from a pair of stereo images in real time. While this algorithm does have a trade-off between accuracy and processing speed, the result of this algorithm proves the accuracy is sufficient for the practical use of recognizing human poses and finger movement tracking. By choosing an interval of disparity, an object at a certain distance range can be segmented. In other words, we detect the object by its distance to the cameras. The advantage of this profile shape-matching algorithm is that detection of correspondences relies on the shape of profile and not on intensity values, which are subjected to lighting variations. Based on the resulting 3-D information, the movement of fingers in space from a specific distance can be determined. Finger location and movement can then be analyzed for non-contact control of hand-held devices.

  7. Algorithms for a hand-held miniature x-ray fluorescence analytical instrument

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elam, W.T.; Newman, D.; Ziemba, F. [and others

    1998-12-31

    The purpose of this joint program was to provide technical assistance with the development of a Miniature X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) Analytical Instrument. This new XRF instrument is designed to overcome the weaknesses of spectrometers commercially available at the present time. Currently available XRF spectrometers (for a complete list see reference 1) convert spectral information to sample composition using the influence coefficients technique or the fundamental parameters method. They require either a standard sample with composition relatively close to the unknown or a detailed knowledge of the sample matrix. They also require a highly-trained operator and the results often depend on the capabilities of the operator. In addition, almost all existing field-portable, hand-held instruments use radioactive sources for excitation. Regulatory limits on such sources restrict them such that they can only provide relatively weak excitation. This limits all current hand-held XRF instruments to poor detection limits and/or long data collection times, in addition to the licensing requirements and disposal problems for radioactive sources. The new XRF instrument was developed jointly by Quantrad Sensor, Inc., the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and the Department of Energy (DOE). This report describes the analysis algorithms developed by NRL for the new instrument and the software which embodies them.

  8. Simplified and quantitative saliva buffer capacity test using a hand-held pH meter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitasako, Yuichi; Moritsuka, Michiyo; Foxton, Richard M; Ikeda, Masaomi; Tagami, Junji; Nomura, Satoshi

    2005-06-01

    To evaluate and compare saliva buffer capacity using a hand-held pH meter and a commercial buffer strip in patients at risk of caries. To obtain stimulated saliva, 109 patients were given a paraffin wax to chew for 5 minutes. After reading the pH value of 0.5 ml of tested saliva using a portable hand-held pH meter (B-212), 10 microl of 0.1N HCl was titrated into the obtained saliva up to a total titration of 160 microl, and then the pH value read each time. The commercial buffer strip (CRT) was also evaluated. The correlation in ranking results (high, medium, low) between the B-212 pH meter and CRT buffer were statistically analyzed by the Bartlett's test (P buffer capacity were 50%, 17% and 33% respectively for the B-212 pH meter, and 56%, 17% and 27% respectively for the CRT. For the CRT buffer, 23 out of 109 cases showed inconclusive color change under the colorimetric test. There was significant correlation between ranking buffer capacity measured by the B-212 pH meter and the CRT buffer (P < 0.001).

  9. Hand-Held Sunphotometers for High School Student Construction and Measuring Aerosol Optical Thickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almonor, Linda; Baldwin, C.; Craig, R.; Johnson, L. P.

    2000-01-01

    Science education is taking the teaching of science from a traditional (lecture) approach to a multidimensional sense-making approach which allows teachers to support students by providing exploratory experiences. Using projects is one way of providing students with opportunities to observe and participate in sense-making activity. We created a learning environment that fostered inquiry-based learning. Students were engaged in a variety of Inquiry activities that enabled them to work in cooperative planning teams where respect for each other was encouraged and their ability to grasp, transform and transfer information was enhanced. Summer, 1998: An air pollution workshop was conducted for high school students in the Medgar Evers College/Middle College High School Liberty Partnership Summer Program. Students learned the basics of meteorology: structure and composition of the atmosphere and the processes that cause weather. The highlight of this workshop was the building of hand-held sunphotometers, which measure the intensity of the sunlight striking the Earth. Summer, 1999: high school students conducted a research project which measured the mass and size of ambient particulates and enhanced our ability to observe through land based measurements changes in the optical depth of ambient aerosols over Brooklyn. Students used hand held Sunphotometers to collect data over a two week period and entered it into the NASA GISS database by way of the internet.

  10. A review of hand-held, home-use cosmetic laser and light devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hession, Meghan T; Markova, Alina; Graber, Emmy M

    2015-03-01

    As the market for home-use light-based and laser-based devices grows, consumers will increasingly seek advice from dermatologists regarding their safety and efficacy profiles. To review the literature on home-use hand-held devices for various dermatologic conditions. To educate dermatologists about commercially available products their patients may be using. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to determine the safety and efficacy of home-use laser and light devices for the treatment of the following: hair removal, acne, photoaging, scars, psoriasis, and hair regrowth. In addition, a thorough search of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) radiation-emitting electronic products' database was performed; by searching specific product codes, all hand-held devices that are FDA-approved for marketing in the United States were identified. Of the various home-use devices reviewed, intense pulsed light (IPL) for hair removal and light-emitting diode (LED) for treatment of acne have the most published data. Although the literature shows modest results for home-use IPL and LED, small sample sizes and short follow-up periods limit interpretation. There is a paucity of randomized, double-blind controlled trials to support the use of home-use laser and light devices; smaller, uncontrolled industry-sponsored single-center studies suggest that some of these devices may have modest results.

  11. Neurosurgical hand-held optical coherence tomography (OCT) forward-viewing probe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Cuiru; Lee, Kenneth K. C.; Vuong, Barry; Cusimano, Michael; Brukson, Alexander; Mariampillai, Adrian; Standish, Beau A.; Yang, Victor X. D.

    2012-02-01

    A prototype neurosurgical hand-held optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging probe has been developed to provide micron resolution cross-sectional images of subsurface tissue during open surgery. This new ergonomic hand-held probe has been designed based on our group's previous work on electrostatically driven optical fibers. It has been packaged into a catheter probe in the familiar form factor of the clinically accepted Bayonet shaped neurosurgical non-imaging Doppler ultrasound probes. The optical design was optimized using ZEMAX simulation. Optical properties of the probe were tested to yield an ~20 um spot size, 5 mm working distance and a 3.5 mm field of view. The scan frequency can be increased or decreased by changing the applied voltage. Typically a scan frequency of less than 60Hz is chosen to keep the applied voltage to less than 2000V. The axial resolution of the probe was ~15 um (in air) as determined by the OCT system. A custom-triggering methodology has been developed to provide continuous stable imaging, which is crucial for clinical utility. Feasibility of this probe, in combination with a 1310 nm swept source OCT system was tested and images are presented to highlight the usefulness of such a forward viewing handheld OCT imaging probe. Knowledge gained from this research will lay the foundation for developing new OCT technologies for endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms and transsphenoidal neuroendoscopic treatment of pituitary tumors.

  12. Hand-held optoacoustic probe for three-dimensional imaging of human morphology and function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deán-Ben, X. Luís.; Razansky, Daniel

    2014-03-01

    We report on a hand-held imaging probe for real-time optoacoustic visualization of deep tissues in three dimensions. The proposed solution incorporates a two-dimensional array of ultrasonic sensors densely distributed on a spherical surface, whereas illumination is performed coaxially through a cylindrical cavity in the array. Visualization of three-dimensional tomographic data at a frame rate of 10 images per second is enabled by parallel recording of 256 time-resolved signals for each individual laser pulse along with a highly efficient GPUbased real-time reconstruction. A liquid coupling medium (water), enclosed in a transparent membrane, is used to guarantee transmission of the optoacoustically generated waves to the ultrasonic detectors. Excitation at multiple wavelengths further allows imaging spectrally distinctive tissue chromophores such as oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobin. The performance is showcased by video-rate tracking of deep tissue vasculature and three-dimensional measurements of blood oxygenenation in a healthy human volunteer. The flexibility provided by the hand-held hardware design, combined with the real-time operation, makes the developed platform highly usable for both small animal research and clinical imaging in multiple indications, including cancer, inflammation, skin and cardiovascular diseases, diagnostics of lymphatic system and breast

  13. Smartphone based hand-held quantitative phase microscope using the transport of intensity equation method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xin; Huang, Huachuan; Yan, Keding; Tian, Xiaolin; Yu, Wei; Cui, Haoyang; Kong, Yan; Xue, Liang; Liu, Cheng; Wang, Shouyu

    2016-12-20

    In order to realize high contrast imaging with portable devices for potential mobile healthcare, we demonstrate a hand-held smartphone based quantitative phase microscope using the transport of intensity equation method. With a cost-effective illumination source and compact microscope system, multi-focal images of samples can be captured by the smartphone's camera via manual focusing. Phase retrieval is performed using a self-developed Android application, which calculates sample phases from multi-plane intensities via solving the Poisson equation. We test the portable microscope using a random phase plate with known phases, and to further demonstrate its performance, a red blood cell smear, a Pap smear and monocot root and broad bean epidermis sections are also successfully imaged. Considering its advantages as an accurate, high-contrast, cost-effective and field-portable device, the smartphone based hand-held quantitative phase microscope is a promising tool which can be adopted in the future in remote healthcare and medical diagnosis.

  14. Analysis of Information Remaining on Hand Held Devices Offered for Sale on the Second Hand Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Jones

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The ownership and use of mobile phones, Personal Digital Assistants and other hand held devices is now ubiquitous both for home and business use. The majority of these devices have a high initial cost, a relatively short period before they become obsolescent and a relatively low second hand value.  As a result of this, when the devices are replaced, there are indications that they tend to be discarded.  As technology has continued to develop, it has led to an increasing diversity in the number and type of devices that are available, and the processing power and the storage capacity of the digital storage in the device. All organisations, whether in the public or private sector increasingly use hand held devices that contain digital media for the storage of information relating to their business, their employees or their customers. Similarly, individual private users increasingly use hand held devices containing digital media for the storage of information relating to their private lives.The research revealed that a significant number of organisations and private users are ignorant or misinformed about the volume and type of information that is stored on the hand held devices and the media on which it is stored.  It is apparent that they have either not considered, or are unaware of, the potential impact of this information becoming available to their competitors or those with criminal intent.This main purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the volume and type of information that may remain on hand held devices that are offered for sale on the second hand market.  A second aim of the research was to determine the level of damage that could, potentially be caused, if the information that remains on the devices fell into the wrong hands.  The study examined a number of hand held devices that had been obtained from sources in the UK and Australia that ranged from internet auction sites, to private sales and commercial

  15. Intertester reliability of the hand-held dynamometer for wrist flexion and extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheault, W; Beal, J L; Kubik, K R; Nowak, T A; Shepley, J A

    1989-12-01

    This study was conducted to determine the intertester reliability of a hand-held dynamometer for the wrist flexor and extensor muscles. Using the break test on 20 healthy subjects, three testers obtained two measures of strength for each muscle group. The data were analyzed using the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients, intraclass correlations, and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) for repeated measures. Our Pearson product-moment correlations ranged from 0.89 to 0.95 for the intertester reliability of the wrist extensors and 0.90 to 0.93 for the wrist flexors, whereas the intraclass coefficients were 0.91 and 0.85, respectively. Although these correlations were high, ANOVA tests revealed that significant differences existed between testers for both the wrist flexion and extension data (p less than .05). From these results we concluded that although the correlations between testers were good, ANOVA tests suggested that there was limited reliability between testers.

  16. A hand-held 3D laser scanning with global positioning system of subvoxel precision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, Nestor [GOM, Departamento de Fisica y Geologia, Universidad de Pamplona (Colombia); Meneses, Nestor; Meneses, Jaime [GOTS-CENM, Escuela de Fisica, UIS, Bucaramanga (Colombia); Gharbi, Tijani, E-mail: nesariher@unipamplona.edu.co [Departement D' Optique, FEMTO-ST, 16 Route de Gray, 25030 Besancon (France)

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose a hand-held 3D laser scanner composed of an optical head device to extract 3D local surface information and a stereo vision system with subvoxel precision to measure the position and orientation of the 3D optical head. The optical head is manually scanned over the surface object by the operator. The orientation and position of the 3D optical head is determined by a phase-sensitive method using a 2D regular intensity pattern. This phase reference pattern is rigidly fixed to the optical head and allows their 3D location with subvoxel precision in the observation field of the stereo vision system. The 3D resolution achieved by the stereo vision system is about 33 microns at 1.8 m with an observation field of 60cm x 60cm.

  17. Musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremities due to extensive usage of hand held devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharan, Deepak; Mohandoss, Mathankumar; Ranganathan, Rameshkumar; Jose, Jeena

    2014-01-01

    The use of hand held devices (HHD) such as mobile phones, game controls, tablets, portable media players and personal digital assistants have increased dramatically in past decade. While sending a text message or using the controls of the HHD the users need to use their thumb and other palm muscles extensively. The objective of this study was to describe the risk factors and clinical features of the musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) arising due to usage of hand held devices and to evaluate the effectiveness of a sequenced rehabilitation protocol. A retrospective report analysis of 70 subjects, who were diagnosed to have a MSD affecting the upper extremities, was conducted. Medical charts from a tertiary level rehabilitation centre from 2005-2013 were analysed. All the subjects reported pain in their upper extremities following extensive usage of HHD and were examined and diagnosed to have a MSD by an orthopaedic and rehabilitation physician. After the assessment and diagnosis, all the patients underwent rehabilitation using a sequenced protocol. All the subjects reported pain in the thumb and forearm with associated burning, numbness and tingling around the thenar aspect of the hand, and stiffness of wrist and hand. 43 subjects had symptoms on the right side; 9 on left and 18 had bilateral symptoms. Correlation was found between hand dominance and MSD. 33 subjects complained of onset of symptoms following extensive text messaging. All the subjects were diagnosed to have tendinosis of Extensor Pollicis Longus and Myofascial Pain Syndrome affecting the 1st interossei, thenar group of muscles and Extensor Digitorum Communis. 23 of the subjects were senior executives, among these 7 were CEO's of major multinational companies in India. All the subjects recovered completely following the rehabilitation. The study concluded that mobile phones and gadgets that promoted the predominant usage of thumb or only one finger while texting or using the controls were associated with

  18. Hand-held Ultrasound Scanners in Medical Education: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galusko, Victor; Khanji, Mohammed Yunus; Bodger, Owen; Weston, Clive; Chambers, John; Ionescu, Adrian

    2017-09-01

    Ultrasound imaging devices are becoming popular in clinical and teaching settings, but there is no systematic information on their use in medical education. We conducted a systematic review of hand-held ultrasound (HHU) devices in undergraduate medical education to delineate their role, significance, and limitations. We searched Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, and Medline using the strategy: [(Hand-held OR Portable OR Pocket OR "Point of Care Systems") AND Ultrasound] AND (Education OR Training OR Undergraduate OR "Medical Students" OR "Medical School"). We retained 12 articles focusing on undergraduate medical education. We summarised the patterns of HHU use, pooled and estimated sensitivity, and specificity of HHU for detection of left ventricular dysfunction. Features reported were heterogeneous: training time (1-25 hours), number of students involved (1-an entire cohort), number of subjects scanned (27-211), and type of learning (self-directed vs. traditional lectures + hands-on sessions). Most studies reported cardiac HHU examinations, but other anatomical areas were examined, e.g. abdomen and thyroid. Pooled sensitivity 0.88 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-0.92] and specificity 0.86 (95% CI 0.81-0.90) were high for the detection of left ventricular systolic dysfunction by students. Data on HHU devices in medical education are scarce and incomplete, but following training students can achieve high diagnostic accuracy, albeit in a limited number of (mainly cardiac) pathologies. There is no consensus on protocols best-suited to the educational needs of medical students, nor data on long-term impact, decay in proficiency or on the financial implications of deploying HHU in this setting.

  19. Hands-free versus hand-held cell phone conversation on a braking response by young drivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrick, Joy L; Switzer, Jamie R

    2007-10-01

    As some states allow motorists to use hands-free cell phones only while driving, this study was done to examine some braking responses to see if conversing on these two types of cell phones affects quick responding. College-age drivers (n=25) completed reaction time trials in go/no-go situations under three conditions: control (no cell phone or conversation), and conversing on hands-free and hand-held cell phones. Their task involved moving the right foot from one pedal to another as quickly as possible in response to a visual signal in a lab setting. Significantly slower reaction times, movement times, and total response times were found for both cell phone conditions than for the control but no differences between hands-free and hand-held phone conditions. These findings provide additional support that talking on cell phones, regardless if it is hands-free or hand-held, reduces speed of information processing.

  20. From usability requirement to technical specifications for hand-held tools and materials: an applied research in the construction field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duca, Gabriella; Attaianese, Erminia

    2012-01-01

    Literature shows incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in bricklaying workers as well as the relevance of good designed hand-held tools in musculoskeletal disorders prevention. In this framework, it can be supposed that providing usable hand-held tools and material in construction worksites will help to improve bricklayers' working conditions. Here a study is presented aimed at framing a methodology for usability assessment of bricklayers handled objects, in order to provide employers with practical indicators for choosing tools and materials best fitting workers needs, under the effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction perspective. On the basis of a task analysis, usability requirements for bricklaying hand-held tools and materials have been detailed and related, quantitative and qualitative, technical specifications have been elicited. Theoretical framework and usability assessment methodology are presented and, finally, findings from a field application are discussed.

  1. Strength assessment in postpolio syndrome: validity of a hand-held dynamometer in detecting change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nollet, F; Beelen, A

    1999-10-01

    To investigate the validity, the intraexaminer and interexaminer reproducibility, and the ability to detect change of a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) in strength measurements in former polio subjects. HHD measurement of knee extensor strength was compared with the criterion standard of a chair dynamometer measurement in 49 subjects. The "break" method was used for HHD measurements. Reproducibility was studied for six lower extremity muscle groups in 28 subjects. The measurements were performed by one experienced and one inexperienced examiner on two separate occasions, with an interval of 1 week. The examiners were blinded to each other's and to previous results. University hospital. Volunteer sample of former polio subjects. For knee extension, the forces that could be measured with the HHD were limited to approximately 200N. Although the intraclass correlation coefficients were high (.75 to .98), the 95% limits of agreement between measurements showed large intervals for differences between two measurements (ratio intervals ranging from .76-1.52 to .52-2.77). The intraexaminer reproducibility for the experienced examiner was superior to that of the inexperienced examiner. The reproducibility of the inexperienced examiner showed systematic bias, with significantly higher strength values for the second session measurement of three muscle groups. The device has good validity in the lower force range. However, because the agreement between measurements was poor, it has limited ability to detect a change in muscle strength. Therefore, this method is unable to detect small changes in lower extremity muscle strength in former polio patients.

  2. In-Season Yield Prediction of Cabbage with a Hand-Held Active Canopy Sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Rongting; Min, Ju; Wang, Yuan; Cheng, Hu; Zhang, Hailin; Shi, Weiming

    2017-10-08

    Efficient and precise yield prediction is critical to optimize cabbage yields and guide fertilizer application. A two-year field experiment was conducted to establish a yield prediction model for cabbage by using the Greenseeker hand-held optical sensor. Two cabbage cultivars (Jianbao and Pingbao) were used and Jianbao cultivar was grown for 2 consecutive seasons but Pingbao was only grown in the second season. Four chemical nitrogen application rates were implemented: 0, 80, 140, and 200 kg·N·ha(-1). Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was collected 20, 50, 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, and 140 days after transplanting (DAT). Pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed to identify the relationship between the NDVI measurements and harvested yields of cabbage. NDVI measurements obtained at 110 DAT were significantly correlated to yield and explained 87-89% and 75-82% of the cabbage yield variation of Jianbao cultivar over the two-year experiment and 77-81% of the yield variability of Pingbao cultivar. Adjusting the yield prediction models with CGDD (cumulative growing degree days) could make remarkable improvement to the accuracy of the prediction model and increase the determination coefficient to 0.82, while the modification with DFP (days from transplanting when GDD > 0) values did not. The integrated exponential yield prediction equation was better than linear or quadratic functions and could accurately make in-season estimation of cabbage yields with different cultivars between years.

  3. Monitoring energy intake: a hand-held personal digital assistant provides accuracy comparable to written records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClung, Holly L; Sigrist, Lori D; Smith, Tracey J; Karl, J Philip; Rood, Jennifer C; Young, Andrew J; Bathalon, Gaston P

    2009-07-01

    New approaches to assess energy intake (EI) may have advantages over traditional written methods, but validity of these emerging methodologies must be demonstrated. This exploratory study compared EI obtained using a hand-held personal digital assistant (PDA) and traditional written records with total energy expenditure measured by doubly labeled water (TEE(DLW)). Twenty-six volunteers (aged 23+/-4 years, body mass index [calculated as kg/m(2)] 24+/-2) participated in a randomized (either PDA or written record group) and matched (for sex, age, and body mass index) study for 7 consecutive days between June 2005 and April 2006 to record EI. Group comparisons were made with t and Mann-Whitney U tests. Bland-Altman plots were used to compare limits of agreement between methods. Volunteers remained weight stable during the study period (0.2+/-0.8 kg; P>0.05). Reported EI by written record and PDA were similar to TEE(DLW); 105% vs 92% of TEE(DLW), respectively (P>0.05). There was a significant relationship between reported EI by PDA and TEE(DLW) (r=0.60, Precord (r=0.45, P>0.05). Limits of agreement indicated both written record and PDA had large variability (range 1,394 to -1,472 kcal/day). Findings suggest the bias in using a PDA is similar to that observed when using a written record for estimation of EI in weight-stable volunteers.

  4. 3D indoor modeling using a hand-held embedded system with multiple laser range scanners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shaoxing; Wang, Duhu; Xu, Shike

    2016-10-01

    Accurate three-dimensional perception is a key technology for many engineering applications, including mobile mapping, obstacle detection and virtual reality. In this article, we present a hand-held embedded system designed for constructing 3D representation of structured indoor environments. Different from traditional vehicle-borne mobile mapping methods, the system presented here is capable of efficiently acquiring 3D data while an operator carrying the device traverses through the site. It consists of a simultaneous localization and mapping(SLAM) module, a 3D attitude estimate module and a point cloud processing module. The SLAM is based on a scan matching approach using a modern LIDAR system, and the 3D attitude estimate is generated by a navigation filter using inertial sensors. The hardware comprises three 2D time-flight laser range finders and an inertial measurement unit(IMU). All the sensors are rigidly mounted on a body frame. The algorithms are developed on the frame of robot operating system(ROS). The 3D model is constructed using the point cloud library(PCL). Multiple datasets have shown robust performance of the presented system in indoor scenarios.

  5. Characterization of wood dust emission from hand-held woodworking machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, F-X; Chata, F

    2018-01-01

    This article focuses on the prevention of exposure to wood dust when operating electrical hand-held sawing and sanding machines. A laboratory methodology was developed to measure the dust concentration around machines during operating processes. The main objective was to characterize circular saws and sanders, with the aim of classifying the different power tools tested in terms of dust emission (high dust emitter vs. low dust emitter). A test set-up was developed and is described and a measurement methodology was determined for each of the two operations studied. The robustness of the experimental results is discussed and shows good tendencies. The impact of air-flow extraction rate was assessed and the pressure loss of the system for each machine established. For the circular saws, three machines over the nine tested could be classified in the low dust emitter group. Their mean concentration values measured are between 0.64 and 0.98 mg/m3 for the low dust emitter group and from 2.55 and 4.37 mg/m3 for the high dust emitter group. From concentration measurements, a machine classification is possible-one for sanding machines and one for sawing machines-and a ratio from 1-7 is obtained when comparing the results. This classification will be helpful when a choice of high performance power tools, in terms of dust emission, must be made by professionals.

  6. InfraCAM (trade mark): A Hand-Held Commercial Infrared Camera Modified for Spaceborne Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitakos, Daniel; Jones, Jeffrey; Melikian, Simon

    1996-01-01

    In 1994, Inframetrics introduced the InfraCAM(TM), a high resolution hand-held thermal imager. As the world's smallest, lightest and lowest power PtSi based infrared camera, the InfraCAM is ideal for a wise range of industrial, non destructive testing, surveillance and scientific applications. In addition to numerous commercial applications, the light weight and low power consumption of the InfraCAM make it extremely valuable for adaptation to space borne applications. Consequently, the InfraCAM has been selected by NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) in Cleveland, Ohio, for use as part of the DARTFire (Diffusive and Radiative Transport in Fires) space borne experiment. In this experiment, a solid fuel is ignited in a low gravity environment. The combustion period is recorded by both visible and infrared cameras. The infrared camera measures the emission from polymethyl methacrylate, (PMMA) and combustion products in six distinct narrow spectral bands. Four cameras successfully completed all qualification tests at Inframetrics and at NASA Lewis. They are presently being used for ground based testing in preparation for space flight in the fall of 1995.

  7. Flexible CMOS low-noise amplifiers for beyond-3G wireless hand-held devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becerra-Alvarez, Edwin C.; Sandoval-Ibarra, Federico; de la Rosa, José M.

    2009-05-01

    This paper explores the use of reconfigurable Low-Noise Amplifiers (LNAs) for the implementation of CMOS Radio Frequency (RF) front-ends in the next generation of multi-standard wireless transceivers. Main circuit strategies reported so far for multi-standard LNAs are reviewed and a novel flexible LNA intended for Beyond-3G RF hand-held terminals is presented. The proposed LNA circuit consists of a two-stage topology that combines inductive-source degeneration with PMOS-varactor based tuning network and a programmable load to adapt its performance to different standard specifications without penalizing the circuit noise and with a reduced number of inductors as compared to previous reported reconfigurable LNAs. The circuit has been designed in a 90-nm CMOS technology to cope with the requirements of the GSM, WCDMA, Bluetooth and WLAN (IEEE 802.11b-g) standards. Simulation results, including technology and packaging parasitics, demonstrate correct operation of the circuit for all the standards under study, featuring NF13.3dB and IIP3>10.9dBm, over a 1.85GHz-2.4GHz band, with an adaptive power consumption between 17mW and 22mW from a 1-V supply voltage. Preliminary experimental measurements are included, showing a correct reconfiguration operation within the operation band.

  8. The evaluation test of hand-held dual-sensor ALIS in Croatia and Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Motoyuki; Takahashi, Kazunori

    2007-04-01

    We are developing a new hand-held land mine detection dual-sensor (ALIS) which is equipped with a metal detector and a GPR. ALIS is equipped with a sensor tracking system, which can record the GPR and Metal detector signal with its location. It makes possible to process the data after the data was acquired, including migration. The migration processing drastically increases the quality of the images of the buried objects. Evaluation test of ALIS has been conducted in several test sites. In February 2006, a one-month evaluation test was conducted in Croatia, and in October- December 2006, a two-month evaluation test was conducted in Croatia. Since the dual-sensor is a new landmine detection sensor, and the conventional evaluation procedure developed for metal detectors cannot directly be applied for the dual sensor. In Croatia, the detection probability was comparable to that by a metal detector operated by local deminers. In addition, we showed that ALIS provides image of buried objects by GPR, which can be used for identification. Therefore, their performances were sufficiently high. Then the test was also conducted in Cambodia. The test was carried out by 2 local deminers independently, which allows studying the influence of different operators and increases the statistical value of the results.

  9. Visualization of vasculature using a hand-held photoacoustic probe: phantom and in vivo validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heres, H. Maarten; Arabul, Mustafa Umit; Rutten, Marcel C. M.; Van de Vosse, Frans N.; Lopata, Richard G. P.

    2017-04-01

    Assessment of microvasculature and tissue perfusion can provide diagnostic information on local or systemic diseases. Photoacoustic (PA) imaging has strong clinical potential because of its sensitivity to hemoglobin. We used a hand-held PA probe with integrated diode lasers and examined its feasibility and validity in the detection of increasing blood volume and (sub) dermal vascularization. Blood volume detection was tested in custom-made perfusion phantoms. Results showed that an increase of blood volume in a physiological range of 1.3% to 5.4% could be detected. The results were validated with power Doppler sonography. Using a motorized scanning setup, areas of the skin were imaged at relatively short scanning times (epidermis and submillimeter vasculature up to depth of 5 mm. The geometries of imaged vasculature were validated with segmentation of the vasculature in high-frequency ultrasound imaging. This study proves the feasibility of PA imaging in its current implementation for the detection of perfusion-related parameters in skin and subdermal tissue and underlines its potential as a diagnostic tool in vascular or dermal pathologies.

  10. 78 FR 20695 - Walk-Through Metal Detectors and Hand-Held Metal Detectors Test Method Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Office of Justice Programs Walk-Through Metal Detectors and Hand-Held Metal Detectors Test Method... has recently developed updated versions of its minimum performance standards for walk-through metal...

  11. Guiding Brain Tumor Resection Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Nanoparticles and a Hand-Held Raman Scanner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The current difficulty in visualizing the true extent of malignant brain tumors during surgical resection represents one of the major reasons for the poor prognosis of brain tumor patients. Here, we evaluated the ability of a hand-held Raman scanner, guided by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticles, to identify the microscopic tumor extent in a genetically engineered RCAS/tv-a glioblastoma mouse model. In a simulated intraoperative scenario, we tested both a static Raman imaging device and a mobile, hand-held Raman scanner. We show that SERS image-guided resection is more accurate than resection using white light visualization alone. Both methods complemented each other, and correlation with histology showed that SERS nanoparticles accurately outlined the extent of the tumors. Importantly, the hand-held Raman probe not only allowed near real-time scanning, but also detected additional microscopic foci of cancer in the resection bed that were not seen on static SERS images and would otherwise have been missed. This technology has a strong potential for clinical translation because it uses inert gold–silica SERS nanoparticles and a hand-held Raman scanner that can guide brain tumor resection in the operating room. PMID:25093240

  12. Effect of the amount of battery charge on tube voltage in different hand-held dental x-ray systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Eun Kyung [Dankook University College of Dentistry, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    Hand-held dental x-ray system is a self contained x-ray machine designed to perform intraoral radiography with one or two hands. The issue about its usage as general dental radiography is still in dispute. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between the amount of battery charge and the tube voltage in different hand-held dental x-ray systems. Seven hand-held dental x-ray units were used for the study. Tube voltage was measured with Unfors ThinX RAD (Unfors Instruments AB, Billdal, Sweden) for 3 consecutive exposures at the different amount of battery charge of each unit. The average and the deviation percentage of measured kV from indicated kV of each unit were calculated. Tube voltage of only 1 unit was 70 kV (indicated by manufacturer) and those of the others were 60 kV. Tube voltage deviation percentage from the indicated kV at the fully charged battery was from 2.5% to -5.5% and from -0.8% to -10.0% at the lowest charged battery. Tube voltages of all units decreased as the residual amount of the battery charge decreased. It is suggested that the performance test for hand-held x-ray system should be performed for the minimum residual charged battery as well as the full charged one. Persistent battery charging is suggested to maintain the proper tube voltage of the hand-held portable x-ray system.

  13. Intraexaminer reliability of hand-held dynamometry in the upper extremity: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrama, Patrick P M; Stenneberg, Martijn S; Lucas, Cees; van Trijffel, Emiel

    2014-12-01

    To summarize and appraise the literature on the intraexaminer reliability of hand-held dynamometry (HHD) in the upper extremity. MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE were searched for relevant studies published up to December 2011. In addition, experts were contacted, and journals and reference lists were hand searched. To be included in the review, articles needed to (1) use a repeated-measures, within-examiner(s) design; (2) include symptomatic or asymptomatic individuals, or both; (3) use HHD to measure muscle strength in any of the joints of the shoulder, elbow, or wrist with the "make" or the "break" technique; (4) report measurements in kilogram, pound, or torque; (5) use a device that is placed between the examiner's hand and the subject's body; and (6) present estimates of intraexaminer reliability. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed by 2 reviewers independently. Fifty-four studies were included, of which 26 (48%) demonstrated acceptable intraexaminer reliability. Seven high-quality studies showed acceptable reliability for flexion and extension of the elbow in healthy subjects. Conflicting results were found for shoulder external rotation and abduction. Reliability for all other movements was unacceptable. Higher estimates were reached for within-sessions reliability and if means of trials were used. Intraexaminer reliability of HHD in upper extremity muscle strength was acceptable only for elbow measurements in healthy subjects. We provide specific recommendations for future research. Physical therapists should not rely on HHD measurements for evaluation of treatment effects in patients with upper extremity disorders. Copyright © 2014 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The clinical utility of a hand-held computerized optical imaging system at assessing skin discoloration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisk, Nathan A; Jensen, Kurt; Knaggs, Helen; Ferguson, Scott

    2010-06-01

    A hand-held computerized optical device (HCOD) that can be used by a layperson has been developed which is capable of imaging facial skin and assessing multiple skin attributes, including discoloration. The aim of this study was to assess the HCOD's ability to measure changes in discoloration induced over an 8-week course of treatment by comparing data obtained from the HCOD with the assessments of a trained research dermatologist. Ten female Caucasian subjects, aged between 41 and 79 years, exhibiting moderate facial dyspigmentation used a combination 0.01% fluocinolone acetonide, 4% hydroquinone, and 0.05% tretinoin cream twice daily for 8 weeks. Subjects were evaluated at weeks 0, 4, and 8 by a dermatologist. Images were also taken with high resolution digital photography and with the HCOD. Human testing was directed by a dermatologist, used approved consent forms, and products approved by the FDA. Facial dyspigmentation as scored by a clinician significantly decreased from 4.10 to 2.70 by week 8. HCOD discoloration area scores also significantly decreased from 100,989 to 87,276 by week 8. Assessment of pigmented area by the HCOD proved to be the most reliable in terms of correlating to a clinician's score. Limitations The study had a small sample size and was not placebo controlled because the effectiveness of the HCOD was being evaluated, not the skin lightening product. The HCOD's discoloration area count statistically correlated with the clinician dyspigmentation scores when evaluating the effect of a prescription skin lightening cream on subjects with moderate facial discolorations.

  15. Study of 4 inorganic scintillating crystals for an operative gamma probe in radioguided surgery

    CERN Document Server

    Salvador, S

    2007-01-01

    In case of lymphatic cancers, the sentinel lymph node technique is performed using a gamma probe for intraoperative radioguided surgery. The inorganic scintillating crystal gamma probe developed at IPHC was equipped with 4 fast decay time inorganic scintillators: YAP, LYSO, LaCl3 and LaBr3. Energy resolutions are compared experimentally with single photon radioisotopes for small crystal cylinders (4 mm diameter, 12 mm length). The 6.1% measured energy resolution at 511 keV demonstrates the great advantage to use the high photon yield LaBr3 crystal for detection of γ-ray coming from positron annihilation using β+ radiomarked molecules.

  16. Study of 4 inorganic scintillating crystals for an operative gamma probe in radioguided surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvador, S.; Guyonnet, J.-L.

    2007-08-01

    In case of lymphatic cancers, the sentinel lymph node technique is performed using a gamma probe for intraoperative radioguided surgery. The inorganic scintillating crystal gamma probe developed at IPHC was equipped with 4 fast decay time inorganic scintillators: YAP, LYSO, LaCl3 and LaBr3. Energy resolutions are compared experimentally with single photon radioisotopes for small crystal cylinders (4 mm diameter, 12 mm length). The 6.1% measured energy resolution at 511 keV demonstrates the great advantage to use the high photon yield LaBr3 crystal for detection of γ-ray coming from positron annihilation using β+ radiomarked molecules.

  17. Efficacy of hand held, inexpensive UV light sources on Acanthamoeba, causative organism in amoebic keratitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Cometa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ivan Cometa1, Andrew Rogerson1, Scott Schatz21Department of Biology, California State University Fresno, Fresno, CA, USA; 2Arizona College of Optometry, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USAAbstract: Multipurpose lens cleaning solutions (MPS fail to consistently kill or inactivate Acanthamoeba cysts and UV irradiation, while effective at high doses, can damage contact lenses. The present study considered synergy of action between MPS and hand-held inexpensive (ie, relatively weak UV irradiation units. Regardless of disinfection method recently formed cysts (<10 days were far more susceptible to treatment than mature cysts (>14 days. This has important implications for future protocols on testing methods for killing amoebae. The study also showed that cysts of different strains (two tested, FLA2 and P120 are variable in their response to MPS, presumably reflecting differences in cyst wall structure and thus permeability to the disinfectant. On the other hand, the effect of UV irradiation was not wall structure dependent. A 6-hour treatment with MPS alone killed trophic amoebae but failed to kill any mature cysts. Cysts of strain FLA2 were killed after 24 hours with MPS but cysts of strain P120 survived. UV irradiation with the larger 4 W unit killed all cysts after 7 minutes and was more effective than the smaller battery-powered unit (after 10 minutes about 50% of cysts were killed. When the larger unit was used with the MPS disinfection, all trophozoites were killed using UV for 3 minutes and MPS for 1 hour. The resistant P120 cysts remained a challenge but a 2- to 4-minute UV treatment followed by MPS for 3 or 6 hours reduced mature cyst survival by about 50%. The small unit in combination with MPS was less effective but did reduce the time required to kill trophic amoebae in MPS (6 hours MPS alone versus 3 hours MPS with a 1-minute UV treatment. In short, inexpensive UV units do enhance MPS disinfection and future lens cleaning systems

  18. The Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV Hand-Held Computer as a Medium for Teaching Mathematics to Fire Control Systems Repairers. Research Report 1408.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldovici, John A.; Scott, Thomas D.

    A study compared the benefits of using the Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV hand-held computer, as opposed to conventional training without computers, in teaching mathematics to fire control systems repairers. Thirty soldiers in a course to train fire control systems repairers received training in technical mathematics using the hand-held computer, whereas…

  19. Hand-held cell phone use while driving legislation and observed driver behavior among population sub-groups in the United States

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Toni M Rudisill; Motao Zhu

    2017-01-01

    .... This study examined whether universal hand-held calling while driving bans were associated with lower road-side observed hand-held cell phone conversations across drivers of different ages (16-24, 25-59, ≥60 years), sexes, races...

  20. An architecture for analysis and collection of RF signals used by hand-held devices in computer communications

    OpenAIRE

    Hwa, Chua Guan

    2001-01-01

    This thesis studies the wireless communications aspects of an Internetconnected hand-held device. It reviews the multipath effects of RF propagation and provides a detailed analysis of the Mobitex network protocols. Field experiments were conducted to measure the signal strength of indoor and outdoor reception. A framework for using real-time wireless communications analysis equipment for the collection of this RF signal is designed and discussed. Expected results from the collection of this ...

  1. Promising Properties and System Demonstration of an Environmentally Benign Yellow Smoke Formulation for Hand-Held Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-18

    18 a formulation from the pilot plant to manufacturing scale, the latter typically performed at about 54.5 kg. Accordingly, formulation A was added...we have advanced a yellow smoke formulation, targeted for insertion into the M194 hand-held signal, from pilot plant operations to a production run... barium - and perchlorate-free incendiary formulations. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 6981−6983, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201202589. (13) Poret, J. C.; Shaw, A

  2. Utility of an intraoperabive gamma probe in the surgical management of secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jorna, Francisca H.; Jager, Pieter L.; Lemstra, Clara; Wiggers, Theo; Stegeman, Coen A.; Plukker, John T. M.

    BACKGROUND: In primary hyperparathyroidism the gamma probe is effective, but its role in secondary hyperparathyroidism is unclear. We investigated the utility of the probe in the surgical management of secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: The value of the probe in guiding resection

  3. Spray distribution evaluation of different settings of a hand-held-trolley sprayer used in greenhouse tomato crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llop, Jordi; Gil, Emilio; Gallart, Montserrat; Contador, Felipe; Ercilla, Mireia

    2016-03-01

    Hand-held-trolley sprayers have recently been promoted to improve spray application techniques in greenhouses in south-eastern Spain. However, certain aspects remain to be improved. A modified hand-held-trolley sprayer was evaluated under two different canopy conditions (high and low canopy density) and with several sprayer settings (nozzle type, air assistance and spray volume). In this study, the deposition, coverage and uniformity of distribution of the spray on the canopy have been assessed. The deposition on leaves was significantly higher when flat-fan nozzles and air assistance were used at both high and low spray volumes. No differences were detected between the reference system at a high spray volume and the modified trolley at a low spray volume. Flat-fan nozzles with air assistance increased penetrability into the canopy. Air assistance and flat-fan nozzles allow volume rates to be reduced while maintaining or improving spray quality distribution. The working parameters of hand-held sprayers must be considered to reduce environmental risk and increase the efficacy of the spraying process. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry.

  4. Hand-held synchronous scan spectrometer for in situ and immediate detection of live/dead bacteria ratio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Runze; Goswami, Umang; Walck, Matthew; Khan, Kasfia; Chen, Jie; Cesario, Thomas C.; Rentzepis, Peter M.

    2017-11-01

    The design, construction, and operation of a hand-held synchronously scanned, excitation-emission, double monochromator spectrometer is described. Data show that it is possible to record and display within minutes the fluorescence spectra and ratio of live/dead bacteria in situ. Excitation emission matrix contour plots display clearly bacteria fluorescence spectra before and after UV inactivation, respectively. The separation of the fluorescence band maxima of molecular components, such as tryptophan, tyrosine, and DNA, may be distinguished in the diffused fluorescence spectra of bacteria and mixtures.

  5. Hand-held cell phone use while driving legislation and observed driver behavior among population sub-groups in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudisill, Toni M; Zhu, Motao

    2017-05-12

    Cell phone use behaviors are known to vary across demographic sub-groups and geographic locations. This study examined whether universal hand-held calling while driving bans were associated with lower road-side observed hand-held cell phone conversations across drivers of different ages (16-24, 25-59, ≥60 years), sexes, races (White, African American, or other), ruralities (suburban, rural, or urban), and regions (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West). Data from the 2008-2013 National Occupant Protection Use Survey were merged with states' cell phone use while driving legislation. The exposure was presence of a universal hand-held cell phone ban at time of observation. Logistic regression was used to assess the odds of drivers having a hand-held cell phone conversation. Sub-groups differences were assessed using models with interaction terms. When universal hand-held cell phone bans were effective, hand-held cell phone conversations were lower across all driver demographic sub-groups and regions. Sub-group differences existed among the sexes (p-value, cell phone bans, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of a driver hand-held phone conversation was 0.34 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.28, 0.41] for females versus 0.47 (CI 0.40, 0.55) for males and 0.31 (CI 0.25, 0.38) for drivers in Western states compared to 0.47 (CI 0.30, 0.72) in the Northeast and 0.50 (CI 0.38, 0.66) in the South. The presence of universal hand-held cell phone bans were associated lower hand-held cell phone conversations across all driver sub-groups and regions. Hand-held phone conversations were particularly lower among female drivers and those from Western states when these bans were in effect. Public health interventions concerning hand-held cell phone use while driving could reasonably target all drivers.

  6. The intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of lower extremity muscle strength assessment of healthy adults using a hand held dynamometer

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Seong-Gil; Lee, Yun-Seob

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of lower extremity muscle strength assessment of healthy adults using hand held dynamometer. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 55 students (19 males and 36 females) in Y University in Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea participated in this study. Lower extremity muscle strength was measured using a hand-held dynamometer (Commander Muscle Tester, JTech, USA). Flexion and extension strengths of the hip joint,...

  7. Demonstration of the B4C/NaIO4/PTFE Delay in the U.S. Army Hand-Held Signal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-20

    structural role in addition to holding the delay column (Figure 1, Supporting Information). A bolt (A) holding the nozzle plate (B) at the end of the rocket ...containing formulation currently used in U.S. Army hand-held signals. Tests involving fully assembled hand-held signal rockets were conducted to...s to allow the signal rocket to approach its apex before the payload is ignited and expelled.6 For many years, the U.S. Army has used pyrotechnics

  8. Development and performance of a hand-held CZT detector for in-situ measurements at the emergency response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Young Yong; Chung, Kun Ho; Kim, Chang Jong; Lee, Wan No; Choi, Geun Sik; Kang, Mun Ja [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Jin [SI Detection Co. Ltd, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    A hand-held detector for an emergency response was developed for nuclide identification and to estimate the information of the ambient dose rate in the scene of an accident as well as the radioactivity of the contaminants. To achieve this, the most suitable sensor was first selected as a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) semiconductor and the signal processing unit from a sensor and the signal discrimination and storage unit were successfully manufactured on a printed circuit board. The performance of the developed signal processing unit was then evaluated to have an energy resolution of about 14 keV at 662 keV. The system control unit was also designed to operate the CZT detector, monitor the detector, battery, and interface status, and check and transmit the measured results of the ambient dose rate and radioactivity. In addition, a collimator, which can control the inner radius, and the airborne dust sampler, which consists of an air filter and charcoal filter, were developed and mounted to the developed CZT detector for the quick and efficient response of a nuclear accident. The hand-held CZT detector was developed to make the in-situ gamma-ray spectrometry and its performance was checked to have a good energy resolution. In addition, the collimator and the airborne dust sampler were developed and mounted to the developed CZT detector for a quick and efficient response to a nuclear accident.

  9. CT-guided bone biopsy: Initial experience with a commercially available hand held Black and Decker{sup TM} drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, O. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Benfayed, W. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Geoghegan, T. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Al-Ismail, K. [Department of Radiology, King Faisal Hospital (Saudi Arabia); Munk, P.L. [Department of Radiology, Musculo-Skeletal division, Vancouver General Hospital, 899 W. 12th Ave., Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9 (Canada); Torreggiani, William C. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland)]. E-mail: william.torreggiani@amnch.ie

    2007-01-15

    Purpose: To describe the use of a simple commercially available Black and Decker{sup TM} hand based drill in performing CT-guided bone biopsies. Materials and methods: Three international institutions were enrolled in the study. In each centre, a fellowship trained musculoskeletal radiologist directed the assessment of a hand based commercial drill for performing CT-guided bone biopsies. A specially designed component was engineered which allowed the connection of a standard bone biopsy set to a commercial drill. The component was distributed to the three centres involved. Over a 3-year period, data from all three institutions was collected. Information regarding technical success, diagnostic data and complication rates were all collated to assess the technical feasibility of this technique. Results: In total 68 patients underwent bone biopsy using a hand held commercial drill. Technical success was achieved in 65 patients. Diagnostic material was obtained in 53 patients. Non-diagnostic material was obtained in 12 patients. Five out of the 12 patients with non-diagnostic material had repeat biopsies with diagnostic material obtained in 2 of these. No major complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion: CT-guided bone biopsy using a hand held commercial drill has a technically high success rate with minimal complications.

  10. Assessment of foot and ankle muscle strength using hand held dynamometry in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Matthew; Joyce, William; Brenton-Rule, Angela; Dalbeth, Nicola; Rome, Keith

    2013-03-22

    The foot and ankle are frequently affected in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). One of the negative consequences of RA on the physical function of patients is a decrease in muscle strength. However, little is known about foot and muscle strength in this population. The aim of the study was to evaluate significant differences in foot and ankle muscle strength between patients with established RA against age and sex-matched controls using hand-held dynamometry. The maximal muscle strength of ankle plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, eversion and inversion was assessed in 14 patients with RA, mean (SD) disease duration of 22 (14.1) years, and 20 age and sex-matched control participants using hand-held dynamometry. Significant differences were observed in muscle strength between the two groups in plantarflexion (p = 0.00), eversion (p = 0.04) and inversion (p = 0.01). No significant difference was found in dorsiflexion (p > 0.05). The patients with RA displayed a significantly lower plantarflexion-dorsiflexion ratio than the control participants (p = 0.03). The results from this study showed that the RA patients displayed a significant decrease in ankle dorsiflexion, eversion and inversion when compared to the non-RA control group suggesting that foot and ankle muscle strength may be affected by the pathological processes in RA. This study is a preliminary step for the measurement of muscle impairments within the RA population.

  11. Comparison of digital and optical hand-held refractometers for the measurement of feline urine specific gravity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Alexander D; McKnight, Grace E; Dodkin, Steve J; Simpson, Kerry E; Schwartz, Anita M; Gunn-Moore, Danièlle A

    2011-02-01

    Measuring urine specific gravity (USG) is an important component of urine analysis as it evaluates renal concentrating capability. The objective of this study was to quantify the difference in USG values between a hand-held optical analogue refractometer and a cat-specific digital instrument. Urine samples from 55 cats were assessed. There was a statistically significant difference between these two refractometers (Purine osmolality and both the optical and digital instruments demonstrated excellent correlation. While an accurate USG reading is important, it is unlikely that the statistical significance between the two instruments is clinically significant and, therefore, unlikely to result in a change in patient evaluation or treatment plans. While both the digital and optimal refractometers are highly correlated to the urine osmolality, making both devices valid for assessment of USG in clinical practice, this digital device is easier to read and eliminates the variability of subjective interpretation. Copyright © 2010 ISFM and AAFP. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. 3D Scan of Ornamental Column (huabiao Using Terrestrial LiDAR and Hand-held Imager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Zhang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In ancient China, Huabiao was a type of ornamental column used to decorate important buildings. We carried out 3D scan of a Huabiao located in Peking University, China. This Huabiao was built no later than 1742. It is carved by white marble, 8 meters in height. Clouds and various postures of dragons are carved on its body. Two instruments were used to acquire the point cloud of this Huabiao, a terrestrial LiDAR (Riegl VZ-1000 and a hand-held imager (Mantis Vision F5. In this paper, the details of the experiment were described, including the differences between these two instruments, such as working principle, spatial resolution, accuracy, instrument dimension and working flow. The point clouds obtained respectively by these two instruments were compared, and the registered point cloud of Huabiao was also presented. These should be of interest and helpful for the research communities of archaeology and heritage.

  13. Validation of a new hand-held electronic data capture method for continuous monitoring of subjective appetite sensations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    King Neil

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background When large scale trials are investigating the effects of interventions on appetite, it is paramount to efficiently monitor large amounts of human data. The original hand-held Electronic Appetite Ratings System (EARS was designed to facilitate the administering and data management of visual analogue scales (VAS of subjective appetite sensations. The purpose of this study was to validate a novel hand-held method (EARS II (HP® iPAQ against the standard Pen and Paper (P&P method and the previously validated EARS. Methods Twelve participants (5 male, 7 female, aged 18-40 were involved in a fully repeated measures design. Participants were randomly assigned in a crossover design, to either high fat (>48% fat or low fat (ad libitum lunch was provided immediately before completing a final set of appetite sensations. Results Repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted for ratings of hunger, fullness and desire to eat. There were no significant differences between P&P compared with either EARS or EARS II (p > 0.05. Correlation coefficients between P&P and EARS II, controlling for age and gender, were performed on Area Under the Curve ratings. R2 for Hunger (0.89, Fullness (0.96 and Desire to Eat (0.95 were statistically significant (p Conclusions EARS II was sensitive to the impact of a meal and recovery of appetite during the postprandial period and is therefore an effective device for monitoring appetite sensations. This study provides evidence and support for further validation of the novel EARS II method for monitoring appetite sensations during large scale studies. The added versatility means that future uses of the system provides the potential to monitor a range of other behavioural and physiological measures often important in clinical and free living trials. This study was registered as a clinical trial by Current Controlled Trials (Registration Number - ISRCTN47291569.

  14. Assessment of Lower Limb Muscle Strength and Power Using Hand-Held and Fixed Dynamometry: A Reliability and Validity Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin F Mentiplay

    Full Text Available Hand-held dynamometry (HHD has never previously been used to examine isometric muscle power. Rate of force development (RFD is often used for muscle power assessment, however no consensus currently exists on the most appropriate method of calculation. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability of different algorithms for RFD calculation and to examine the intra-rater, inter-rater, and inter-device reliability of HHD as well as the concurrent validity of HHD for the assessment of isometric lower limb muscle strength and power.30 healthy young adults (age: 23±5 yrs, male: 15 were assessed on two sessions. Isometric muscle strength and power were measured using peak force and RFD respectively using two HHDs (Lafayette Model-01165 and Hoggan microFET2 and a criterion-reference KinCom dynamometer. Statistical analysis of reliability and validity comprised intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC, Pearson correlations, concordance correlations, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change.Comparison of RFD methods revealed that a peak 200 ms moving window algorithm provided optimal reliability results. Intra-rater, inter-rater, and inter-device reliability analysis of peak force and RFD revealed mostly good to excellent reliability (coefficients ≥ 0.70 for all muscle groups. Concurrent validity analysis showed moderate to excellent relationships between HHD and fixed dynamometry for the hip and knee (ICCs ≥ 0.70 for both peak force and RFD, with mostly poor to good results shown for the ankle muscles (ICCs = 0.31-0.79.Hand-held dynamometry has good to excellent reliability and validity for most measures of isometric lower limb strength and power in a healthy population, particularly for proximal muscle groups. To aid implementation we have created freely available software to extract these variables from data stored on the Lafayette device. Future research should examine the reliability and validity of these variables in

  15. Assessment of Lower Limb Muscle Strength and Power Using Hand-Held and Fixed Dynamometry: A Reliability and Validity Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentiplay, Benjamin F; Perraton, Luke G; Bower, Kelly J; Adair, Brooke; Pua, Yong-Hao; Williams, Gavin P; McGaw, Rebekah; Clark, Ross A

    2015-01-01

    Hand-held dynamometry (HHD) has never previously been used to examine isometric muscle power. Rate of force development (RFD) is often used for muscle power assessment, however no consensus currently exists on the most appropriate method of calculation. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability of different algorithms for RFD calculation and to examine the intra-rater, inter-rater, and inter-device reliability of HHD as well as the concurrent validity of HHD for the assessment of isometric lower limb muscle strength and power. 30 healthy young adults (age: 23±5 yrs, male: 15) were assessed on two sessions. Isometric muscle strength and power were measured using peak force and RFD respectively using two HHDs (Lafayette Model-01165 and Hoggan microFET2) and a criterion-reference KinCom dynamometer. Statistical analysis of reliability and validity comprised intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), Pearson correlations, concordance correlations, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change. Comparison of RFD methods revealed that a peak 200 ms moving window algorithm provided optimal reliability results. Intra-rater, inter-rater, and inter-device reliability analysis of peak force and RFD revealed mostly good to excellent reliability (coefficients ≥ 0.70) for all muscle groups. Concurrent validity analysis showed moderate to excellent relationships between HHD and fixed dynamometry for the hip and knee (ICCs ≥ 0.70) for both peak force and RFD, with mostly poor to good results shown for the ankle muscles (ICCs = 0.31-0.79). Hand-held dynamometry has good to excellent reliability and validity for most measures of isometric lower limb strength and power in a healthy population, particularly for proximal muscle groups. To aid implementation we have created freely available software to extract these variables from data stored on the Lafayette device. Future research should examine the reliability and validity of these variables in clinical

  16. Comparison of a digital and an optical analogue hand-held refractometer for the measurement of canine urine specific gravity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, J K; Bennett, A D; Dodkin, S J; Gunn-Moore, D A

    2012-05-05

    Urine specific gravity (USG) is used clinically as a measure of urine concentration, and is routinely assessed by refractometry. A comparison between optical analogue and digital refractometers for evaluation of canine urine has not been reported. The aim of this study was to compare a digital and an optical analogue hand-held refractometer for the measurement of canine USG, and to assess correlation with urine osmolality. Prospective study. Free-catch urine samples were collected from 285 hospitalised adult dogs, and paired USG readings were obtained with a digital and an optical analogue refractometer. In 50 dogs, urine osmolality was also measured using a freezing point depression osmometer. There was a small but statistically significant difference between the two refractometers (P<0.001), with the optical analogue refractometer reading higher than the digital refractometer (mean difference 0.0006, sd 0.0012). Paired refractometer measurements varied by <0.002 in 91.5 per cent of cases. The optical analogue and digital refractometer readings showed excellent correlation with osmolality (r=0.980 and r=0.977, respectively, P<0.001 in both cases). Despite statistical significance, the difference between the two refractometers is unlikely to be clinically significant. Both instruments provide an accurate assessment of USG in dogs.

  17. Usefulness of Hand-Held Ultrasonography as a Gatekeeper to Standard Echocardiography for "Rarely Appropriate" Echocardiography Requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathan, Faraz; Fonseca, Ricardo; Marwick, Thomas H

    2016-11-15

    Adoption of appropriate use criteria has not had a major impact on the frequency of "rarely appropriate" tests, with the rarely appropriate tests rate remaining at ∼20% in most institutions. We sought whether access to hand-held ultrasound (HHU) could be an alternative means of reducing rarely appropriate requests. We compared 2 approaches to rarely appropriate requests; "standard transthoracic echocardiography" (SE) as requested (control) and HHU as a gatekeeper (HHU). Patients were followed up for 6 months and assessed for end points including time until scan, repeat echocardiography/cost of either strategy, new major pathology, and change in management. The most common rarely appropriate requests in both groups were assessment of infective endocarditis without positive blood cultures and precordial murmur evaluation in absence of any other signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease. The groups had comparable age, gender, requesting physician, and inpatient versus outpatient distribution. HHU led to a 59% reduction in rarely appropriate requests requiring SE. HHU significantly reduced time to decision for inpatients (0 [interquartile range 0, 1] vs 2 days [interquartile range 1, 4], p change in management. In conclusion, HHU can be an effective gatekeeper to SE for rarely appropriate echocardiograms, reducing time to echocardiography and cost while satisfying the referring physician and avoiding repeat requests for SE. HHU provides a safety net that identifies potential important findings in rarely appropriate requests. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Characterization of a high performance ultra-thin heat pipe cooling module for mobile hand held electronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahamed, Mohammad Shahed; Saito, Yuji; Mashiko, Koichi; Mochizuki, Masataka

    2017-03-01

    In recent years, heat pipes have been widely used in various hand held mobile electronic devices such as smart phones, tablet PCs, digital cameras. With the development of technology these devices have different user friendly features and applications; which require very high clock speeds of the processor. In general, a high clock speed generates a lot of heat, which needs to be spreaded or removed to eliminate the hot spot on the processor surface. However, it is a challenging task to achieve proper cooling of such electronic devices mentioned above because of their confined spaces and concentrated heat sources. Regarding this challenge, we introduced an ultra-thin heat pipe; this heat pipe consists of a special fiber wick structure named as "Center Fiber Wick" which can provide sufficient vapor space on the both sides of the wick structure. We also developed a cooling module that uses this kind of ultra-thin heat pipe to eliminate the hot spot issue. This cooling module consists of an ultra-thin heat pipe and a metal plate. By changing the width, the flattened thickness and the effective length of the ultra-thin heat pipe, several experiments have been conducted to characterize the thermal properties of the developed cooling module. In addition, other experiments were also conducted to determine the effects of changes in the number of heat pipes in a single module. Characterization and comparison of the module have also been conducted both experimentally and theoretically.

  19. Intrarater reliability of hand held dynamometry in measuring lower extremity isometric strength using a portable stabilization device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Steven M; Cheng, M Samuel; Smith, A Russell; Kolber, Morey J

    2017-02-01

    Hand held dynamometry (HHD) is a more objective way to quantify muscle force production (MP) compared to traditional manual muscle testing. HHD reliability can be negatively impacted by both the strength of the tester and the subject particularly in the lower extremities due to larger muscle groups. The primary aim of this investigation was to assess intrarater reliability of HHD with use of a portable stabilization device for lower extremity MP in an athletic population. Isometric lower extremity strength was measured for bilateral lower extremities including hip abductors, external rotators, adductors, knee extensors, and ankle plantar flexors was measured in a sample of healthy recreational runners (8 male, 7 females, = 30 limbs) training for a marathon. These measurements were assessed using an intrasession intrarater reliability design. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated using 3,1 model based on the single rater design. The standard error of measurement (SEM) for each muscle group was also calculated. ICC were excellent ranging from ICC (3,1) = 0.93-0.98 with standard error of measurements ranging from 0.58 to 17.2 N. This study establishes the use of a HHD with a portable stabilization device as demonstrating good reliability within testers for measuring lower extremity muscle performance in an active healthy population. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Limitations of Condensed Teaching Strategies to Develop Hand-Held Cardiac Ultrasonography Skills in Internal Medicine Residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Jeffrey S; Barake, Walid; Smith, Chris; Thakrar, Amar; Johri, Amer M

    2016-08-01

    Advances in ultrasonographic technology have allowed for hand-held cardiac ultrasonography (HHCU) units that fit into a physician's laboratory coat. Recently, studies to educate internal medicine residents have shown promise. The optimal duration and methodology for teaching HHCU skills has not been established. Over a 1-year period, internal medicine residents were recruited during their cardiology ward rotation into a single-centre nonblinded randomized trial. The 2 condensed teaching strategies were (1) a conventional ward-based program and (2) a technology-driven simulation-based strategy. Outcomes were evaluated by (1) an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) to evaluate interpretation ability (assessing both type I and type II error rates) and (2) demonstration of HHCU skills graded by 2 level III echocardiographers. Twenty-four internal medicine residents were randomized. After teaching, the conventional teaching group had a significant absolute increase in the ability to make a singular correct diagnosis (20%; P teaching programs, because we detected a trend toward an increase in the false-positive rate after both approaches. This suggests that a short duration of training may not be sufficient for HHCU to be performed in a safe manner. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Effects of a new mild shampoo for preventing hair loss in Asian by a simple hand-held phototrichogram technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, J H; Lee, S Y; Yoo, M; Park, W-S; Lee, S J; Boo, Y C; Koh, J-S

    2011-12-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a commercially available shampoo in Korean subjects with alopecia using a simple hand-held phototrichogram technique. Forty-four subjects with alopecia were enrolled and forty subjects continued for 16 weeks. In the test group, total hair counts increased significantly at weeks 8 and 16, and the number of shedding hair significantly decreased at week 16. Terminal hair counts significantly increased at week 8. In the control group, hair thickness and the number of vellus hairs significantly decreased at week 16. The number of total hairs significantly increased in the test group than in the control group at weeks 8 and 16. The number of shedding hairs significantly decreased in the test group than in the control group at week 16. Visual assessment using clinical digital images showed that the number of total hairs appeared to increase although there was no statistical significance. In this study, it was found that the test shampoo could prevent hair loss. © 2011 DERMAPRO Co Ltd. ICS © 2011 Society of Cosmetic Scientists and the Société Française de Cosmétologie.

  2. Four dimensional hybrid ultrasound and optoacoustic imaging via passive element optical excitation in a hand-held probe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fehm, Thomas Felix; Razansky, Daniel, E-mail: dr@tum.de [Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging (IBMI), Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg (Germany); Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität München, Munich (Germany); Deán-Ben, Xosé Luís [Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging (IBMI), Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg (Germany)

    2014-10-27

    Ultrasonography and optoacoustic imaging share powerful advantages related to the natural aptitude for real-time image rendering with high resolution, the hand-held operation, and lack of ionizing radiation. The two methods also possess very different yet highly complementary advantages of the mechanical and optical contrast in living tissues. Nonetheless, efficient integration of these modalities remains challenging owing to the fundamental differences in the underlying physical contrast, optimal signal acquisition, and image reconstruction approaches. We report on a method for hybrid acquisition and reconstruction of three-dimensional pulse-echo ultrasound and optoacoustic images in real time based on passive ultrasound generation with an optical absorber, thus avoiding the hardware complexity of active ultrasound generation. In this way, complete hybrid datasets are generated with a single laser interrogation pulse, resulting in simultaneous rendering of ultrasound and optoacoustic images at an unprecedented rate of 10 volumetric frames per second. Performance is subsequently showcased in phantom experiments and in-vivo measurements from a healthy human volunteer, confirming general clinical applicability of the method.

  3. User certification of hand-held x-ray tube based analytical fluorescent devices in a canadian context

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maharaj, H.P. [Department of Health, Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    Safety education aims to reduce personal injury and improve well being. This health promotion principle is applied in the case of hand-held open beam x-ray tube based analytical x-ray devices. Such devices not only are light weight and portable, but also present high radiation exposure levels at the beam exit port and potentially can be used in a variety of industrial applications for determination of material composition. There is much potential for radiation risks to occur with resultant adverse effects if such devices are not used by trained individuals within controlled environments. A level of radiation safety knowledge and understanding of the device design, construction and performance characteristics appear warranted. To reduce radiation risks, user certification at a federal level was introduced in 2004 based on International Standards Organization 20807, since that standard comprises elements commensurate with risk reduction strategies. Within these contexts, a federally certified user is deemed to have acquired a level of safety knowledge and skills to facilitate safe use of the device. Certification, however, does not absolve the holder from obligations of compliance with applicable provincial, territorial or federal laws respecting device operation. The union of federal certification and applicable legislative mandated operational criteria reduces radiation risks overall. (author)

  4. Test-retest reliabilities of hand-held dynamometer for lower-limb muscle strength in intellectual disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuang, Yee-Pay; Chang, Jyh-Jong; Wang, Min-Hung; Lin, Hsiu-Ching

    2013-08-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliabilities of hand-held dynamometer (HDD) for measuring lower-limb muscle strength in intellectual disabilities (ID). The other purposes were to: (1) compare the lower-limb muscle strength between children with and without ID; (2) probe the relationship between the muscle forces and agility performance in ID; and (3) explore the factors associated with muscle strength in ID. Sixty-one participants (30 boys and 31 girls; mean age=14.1 ± 3.3 year) were assessed by the HDD using a "make" test. The comparative group consisted of 63 typically developing children (33 boys and 30 girls; mean age=14.9 ± 2.1 year). The ID group demonstrated lower muscle groups than in typically developing group. Except for the ankle plantarflexors (ICC=0.69, SEM=0.72), test-retest analysis showed good intrarater reliability with ICC ranging from 0.81 to 0.96, and intrarater SEM values ranged from 0.40 to 0.57. The HDD has the potential to be a reliable tool for strength measurement in ID. Muscle strength was positively related to agility performance. Regression analysis indicated that height, weight, BMI, and activity level were significant predictors of muscle strength in ID. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Characterization of a high performance ultra-thin heat pipe cooling module for mobile hand held electronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahamed, Mohammad Shahed; Saito, Yuji; Mashiko, Koichi; Mochizuki, Masataka

    2017-11-01

    In recent years, heat pipes have been widely used in various hand held mobile electronic devices such as smart phones, tablet PCs, digital cameras. With the development of technology these devices have different user friendly features and applications; which require very high clock speeds of the processor. In general, a high clock speed generates a lot of heat, which needs to be spreaded or removed to eliminate the hot spot on the processor surface. However, it is a challenging task to achieve proper cooling of such electronic devices mentioned above because of their confined spaces and concentrated heat sources. Regarding this challenge, we introduced an ultra-thin heat pipe; this heat pipe consists of a special fiber wick structure named as "Center Fiber Wick" which can provide sufficient vapor space on the both sides of the wick structure. We also developed a cooling module that uses this kind of ultra-thin heat pipe to eliminate the hot spot issue. This cooling module consists of an ultra-thin heat pipe and a metal plate. By changing the width, the flattened thickness and the effective length of the ultra-thin heat pipe, several experiments have been conducted to characterize the thermal properties of the developed cooling module. In addition, other experiments were also conducted to determine the effects of changes in the number of heat pipes in a single module. Characterization and comparison of the module have also been conducted both experimentally and theoretically.

  6. Validation of Ankle Strength Measurements by Means of a Hand-Held Dynamometer in Adult Healthy Subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Ancillao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Uniaxial Hand-Held Dynamometer (HHD is a low-cost device widely adopted in clinical practice to measure muscle force. HHD measurements depend on operator’s ability and joint movements. The aim of the work is to validate the use of a commercial HHD in both dorsiflexion and plantarflexion ankle strength measurements quantifying the effects of HHD misplacements and unwanted foot’s movements on the measurements. We used an optoelectronic system and a multicomponent load cell to quantify the sources of error in the manual assessment of the ankle strength due to both the operator’s ability to hold still the HHD and the transversal components of the exerted force that are usually neglected in clinical routine. Results showed that foot’s movements and angular misplacements of HHD on sagittal and horizontal planes were relevant sources of inaccuracy on the strength assessment. Moreover, ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion force measurements presented an inaccuracy less than 2% and higher than 10%, respectively. In conclusion, the manual use of a uniaxial HHD is not recommended for the assessment of ankle plantarflexion strength; on the contrary, it can be allowed asking the operator to pay strong attention to the HHD positioning in ankle dorsiflexion strength measurements.

  7. Development of a minimum performance standard for hand-held fire extinguishers as a replacement for Halon 1211 on civilian transport category aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    One or more Halon 1211 hand-held fire extinguishers are specified in Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) Part 25.851 as a requirement on transport category aircraft with 31 or more seats. Halon 1211 has been linked to the destruction of the ozone layer...

  8. Inter-Tester Reliability and Precision of Manual Muscle Testing and Hand-Held Dynamometry in Lower Limb Muscles of Children with Spina Bifida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahony, Kate; Hunt, Adrienne; Daley, Deborah; Sims, Susan; Adams, Roger

    2009-01-01

    Reliability and measurement precision of manual muscle testing (MMT) and hand-held dynamometry (HHD) were compared for children with spina bifida. Strength measures were obtained of the hip flexors, hip abductors, and knee extensors of 20 children (10 males, 10 females; mean age 9 years 10 months; range: 5 to 15 years) by two experienced physical…

  9. Hand-held tidal breathing nasal nitric oxide measurement--a promising targeted case-finding tool for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marthin, June Kehlet; Nielsen, Kim Gjerum

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) measurement is an established first line test in the work-up for primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Tidal breathing nNO (TB-nNO) measurements require minimal cooperation and are potentially useful even in young children. Hand-held NO devices are becoming increa...

  10. Reproducibility of hand-held ankle dynamometry to measure altered ankle moment-angle characteristics in children with spastic cerebral palsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benard, M.R.; Jaspers, R.T.; Huijing, P.A.J.B.M.; Becher, J.G.S.J.S.; Harlaar, J.

    2010-01-01

    Background: In children with spastic cerebral palsy, the range of motion of the ankle joint is often limited. Measurement of range of motion may be hampered by a non-rigid foot deformity. We constructed a hand-held instrument which allows measurements of static ankle angle and moment in children

  11. Beyond Textbook Illustrations: Hand-Held Models of Ordered DNA and Protein Structures as 3D Supplements to Enhance Student Learning of Helical Biopolymers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jittivadhna, Karnyupha; Ruenwongsa, Pintip; Panijpan, Bhinyo

    2010-01-01

    Textbook illustrations of 3D biopolymers on printed paper, regardless of how detailed and colorful, suffer from its two-dimensionality. For beginners, computer screen display of skeletal models of biopolymers and their animation usually does not provide the at-a-glance 3D perception and details, which can be done by good hand-held models. Here, we…

  12. Validation of a hand-held X-ray absorptiometer caliper against computerized tomography for in vivo soft tissue composition analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Objective: To develop and validate a hand-held caliper which uses a dual-energy radioactive source to monitor regional changes in mid-thigh muscle mass and % fat. Methods: Optimum photon energies were determined by minimization of uncertainties in fat content measurements due to photon count statist...

  13. Intra-operative ultrasound hand-held strain imaging for the visualization of ablations produced in the liver with a toroidal HIFU transducer: first in vivo results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chenot, J; Melodelima, D; N' Djin, W A; Souchon, Remi; Rivoire, M; Chapelon, J Y, E-mail: jeremy.chenot@inserm.f [Inserm, U556, Lyon, F-69003 (France)

    2010-06-07

    The use of hand-held ultrasound strain imaging for the intra-operative real-time visualization of HIFU (high-intensity focused ultrasound) ablations produced in the liver by a toroidal transducer was investigated. A linear 12 MHz ultrasound imaging probe was used to obtain radiofrequency signals. Using a fast cross-correlation algorithm, strain images were calculated and displayed at 60 frames s{sup -1}, allowing the use of hand-held strain imaging intra-operatively. Fourteen HIFU lesions were produced in four pigs. Intra-operative strain imaging of HIFU ablations in the liver was feasible owing to the high frame rate. The correlation between dimensions measured on gross pathology and dimensions measured on B-mode images and on strain images were R = 0.72 and R = 0.94 respectively. The contrast between ablated and non-ablated tissue was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the strain images (22 dB) than in the B-mode images (9 dB). Strain images allowed equivalent or improved definition of ablated regions when compared with B-mode images. Real-time intra-operative hand-held strain imaging seems to be a promising complement to conventional B-mode imaging for the guidance of HIFU ablations produced in the liver during an open procedure. These results support that hand-held strain imaging outperforms conventional B-mode ultrasound and could potentially be used for the assessment of thermal therapies.

  14. Rapid and automatic chemical identification of the medicinal flower buds of Lonicera plants by the benchtop and hand-held Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jianbo; Guo, Baolin; Yan, Rui; Sun, Suqin; Zhou, Qun

    2017-07-01

    With the utilization of the hand-held equipment, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is a promising analytical technique to minimize the time cost for the chemical identification of herbal materials. This research examines the feasibility of the hand-held FT-IR spectrometer for the on-site testing of herbal materials, using Lonicerae Japonicae Flos (LJF) and Lonicerae Flos (LF) as examples. Correlation-based linear discriminant models for LJF and LF are established based on the benchtop and hand-held FT-IR instruments. The benchtop FT-IR models can exactly recognize all articles of LJF and LF. Although a few LF articles are misjudged at the sub-class level, the hand-held FT-IR models are able to exactly discriminate LJF and LF. As a direct and label-free analytical technique, FT-IR spectroscopy has great potential in the rapid and automatic chemical identification of herbal materials either in laboratories or in fields. This is helpful to prevent the spread and use of adulterated herbal materials in time.

  15. Combination of hand-held probe and microscopy for fluorescence guided surgery in the brain tumor marginal zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Johan C O; Haj-Hosseini, Neda; Hallbeck, Martin; Wårdell, Karin

    2017-06-01

    Visualization of the tumor is crucial for differentiating malignant tissue from healthy brain during surgery, especially in the tumor marginal zone. The aim of the study was to introduce a fluorescence spectroscopy-based hand-held probe (HHF-probe) for tumor identification in combination with the fluorescence guided resection surgical microscope (FGR-microscope), and evaluate them in terms of diagnostic performance and practical aspects of fluorescence detection. Eighteen operations were performed on 16 patients with suspected high-grade glioma. The HHF-probe and the FGR-microscope were used for detection of protoporphyrin (PpIX) fluorescence induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and evaluated against histopathological analysis and visual grading done through the FGR-microscope by the surgeon. A ratio of PpIX fluorescence intensity to the autofluorescence intensity (fluorescence ratio) was used to quantify the spectra detected by the probe. Fluorescence ratio medians (range 0 - 40) measured by the probe were related to the intensity of the fluorescence in the FGR-microscope, categorized as "none" (0.3, n=131), "weak" (1.6, n=34) and "strong" (5.4, n=28). Of 131 "none" points in the FGR-microscope, 88 (67%) exhibited fluorescence with the HHF-probe. For the tumor marginal zone, the area under the receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve was 0.49 for the FGR-microscope and 0.65 for the HHF-probe. The probe was integrated in the established routine of tumor resection using the FGR-microscope. The HHF-probe was superior to the FGR-microscope in sensitivity; it detected tumor remnants after debulking under the FGR-microscope. The combination of the HHF-probe and the FGR-microscope was beneficial especially in the tumor marginal zone. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Development of a low-cost hand-held system for optical coherence tomography imaging (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pande, Paritosh; Shelton, Ryan L.; Monroy, Guillermo L.; Nolan, Ryan M.; Boppart, Stephen A.

    2016-03-01

    We report the development of a low-cost hand-held optical coherence imaging system. The proposed system is based on the principle of linear optical coherence tomography (Linear OCT), a technique which was proposed in the early 2000s as a simpler alternative to the conventional time-domain and Fourier-domain OCT. In our design, as in the traditional Michaelson interferometer, light from a broadband source is split into sample and reference beams. Unlike in a Michaelson interferometer though, upon return, a tilt is introduced to the reference beam before it is combined with the sample beam to illuminate a detector array. The resulting fringe pattern encodes information about the relative time-of-flight of photons between the sample and reference arms, which can be decoded by standard signal processing techniques to obtain depth resolved reflectivity profiles of the sample. The axial resolution and the SNR of our system was measured to be approximately 5.2 μm and 80 dB, respectively. The performance of the proposed system was compared with a standard state-of-the-art Fourier-domain low coherence interferometry (LCI) system by imaging several biological and non-biological samples. The results of this study indicate that the proposed low-cost system might be a suitable choice for applications where the imaging depth and SNR can be traded for lower cost and simpler optical design. Two potentially useful applications of the proposed imaging system could be for imaging the human tympanic membrane (TM) for diagnosing middle ear pathologies, and to visualize the sub-surface features of materials for non-destructive evaluation and quality inspection.

  17. Segmentation of Environmental Time Lapse Image Sequences for the Determination of Shore Lines Captured by Hand-Held Smartphone Cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kröhnert, M.; Meichsner, R.

    2017-09-01

    The relevance of globally environmental issues gains importance since the last years with still rising trends. Especially disastrous floods may cause in serious damage within very short times. Although conventional gauging stations provide reliable information about prevailing water levels, they are highly cost-intensive and thus just sparsely installed. Smartphones with inbuilt cameras, powerful processing units and low-cost positioning systems seem to be very suitable wide-spread measurement devices that could be used for geo-crowdsourcing purposes. Thus, we aim for the development of a versatile mobile water level measurement system to establish a densified hydrological network of water levels with high spatial and temporal resolution. This paper addresses a key issue of the entire system: the detection of running water shore lines in smartphone images. Flowing water never appears equally in close-range images even if the extrinsics remain unchanged. Its non-rigid behavior impedes the use of good practices for image segmentation as a prerequisite for water line detection. Consequently, we use a hand-held time lapse image sequence instead of a single image that provides the time component to determine a spatio-temporal texture image. Using a region growing concept, the texture is analyzed for immutable shore and dynamic water areas. Finally, the prevalent shore line is examined by the resultant shapes. For method validation, various study areas are observed from several distances covering urban and rural flowing waters with different characteristics. Future work provides a transformation of the water line into object space by image-to-geometry intersection.

  18. Hand-held spectroscopic device for in vivo and intraoperative tumor detection: contrast enhancement, detection sensitivity, and tissue penetration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohs, Aaron M; Mancini, Michael C; Singhal, Sunil; Provenzale, James M; Leyland-Jones, Brian; Wang, May D; Nie, Shuming

    2010-11-01

    Surgery is one of the most effective and widely used procedures in treating human cancers, but a major problem is that the surgeon often fails to remove the entire tumor, leaving behind tumor-positive margins, metastatic lymph nodes, and/or satellite tumor nodules. Here we report the use of a hand-held spectroscopic pen device (termed SpectroPen) and near-infrared contrast agents for intraoperative detection of malignant tumors, based on wavelength-resolved measurements of fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals. The SpectroPen utilizes a near-infrared diode laser (emitting at 785 nm) coupled to a compact head unit for light excitation and collection. This pen-shaped device effectively removes silica Raman peaks from the fiber optics and attenuates the reflected excitation light, allowing sensitive analysis of both fluorescence and Raman signals. Its overall performance has been evaluated by using a fluorescent contrast agent (indocyanine green, or ICG) as well as a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) contrast agent (pegylated colloidal gold). Under in vitro conditions, the detection limits are approximately 2-5 × 10(-11) M for the indocyanine dye and 0.5-1 × 10(-13) M for the SERS contrast agent. Ex vivo tissue penetration data show attenuated but resolvable fluorescence and Raman signals when the contrast agents are buried 5-10 mm deep in fresh animal tissues. In vivo studies using mice bearing bioluminescent 4T1 breast tumors further demonstrate that the tumor borders can be precisely detected preoperatively and intraoperatively, and that the contrast signals are strongly correlated with tumor bioluminescence. After surgery, the SpectroPen device permits further evaluation of both positive and negative tumor margins around the surgical cavity, raising new possibilities for real-time tumor detection and image-guided surgery.

  19. SEGMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL TIME LAPSE IMAGE SEQUENCES FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SHORE LINES CAPTURED BY HAND-HELD SMARTPHONE CAMERAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kröhnert

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of globally environmental issues gains importance since the last years with still rising trends. Especially disastrous floods may cause in serious damage within very short times. Although conventional gauging stations provide reliable information about prevailing water levels, they are highly cost-intensive and thus just sparsely installed. Smartphones with inbuilt cameras, powerful processing units and low-cost positioning systems seem to be very suitable wide-spread measurement devices that could be used for geo-crowdsourcing purposes. Thus, we aim for the development of a versatile mobile water level measurement system to establish a densified hydrological network of water levels with high spatial and temporal resolution. This paper addresses a key issue of the entire system: the detection of running water shore lines in smartphone images. Flowing water never appears equally in close-range images even if the extrinsics remain unchanged. Its non-rigid behavior impedes the use of good practices for image segmentation as a prerequisite for water line detection. Consequently, we use a hand-held time lapse image sequence instead of a single image that provides the time component to determine a spatio-temporal texture image. Using a region growing concept, the texture is analyzed for immutable shore and dynamic water areas. Finally, the prevalent shore line is examined by the resultant shapes. For method validation, various study areas are observed from several distances covering urban and rural flowing waters with different characteristics. Future work provides a transformation of the water line into object space by image-to-geometry intersection.

  20. Increasing hand hygiene compliance by use of a novel hand held device at a university hospital - biomed 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghonim, Elham; Nolan, Rathel; Benghuzzi, Hamed

    2013-01-01

    Hand hygiene (HH) is the single most effective modality to prevent the spread of infection in healthcare. HH is also one of the most difficult quality measures to monitor. In a 722 bed tertiary referral teaching hospital, collection of accurate and timely HH compliance data on 25 inpatient units was problematic. We needed a process that avoided confrontation and keep secret the identity of HH surveyors to avoid compromise of professional work relationships. Our solution was to employ a unique handheld device. iScrub®, a hand-held application developed by The University of Iowa, was used to record compliance with HH. Dates of intervention were January 1st – December 31st, 2011. HH observations were collected by trained nursing volunteers and displayed on a central intranet –based database using SharePoint software®. Data was then included in quality scorecards, and in the Infection Prevention (IP) monthly report. Episodes of non-compliance generated e-mail notifications with escalating consequences that might end with termination of employment. Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) surveillance was performed by the infection prevention department (IPD). HH and MDROs monthly data analysis was published on SharePoint® for stakeholders’ review. During the intervention we collected 26,657 observations. Average HH compliance was 95%,( average physician’s compliance was 88%, and average nurse’s compliance was 98%). Non-compliance occurred at a similar frequency both before and after patient contact. Alcohol hand rub was the most frequently used method to perform HH. Physicians demonstrated the lowest compliance rates among healthcare workers. Time and date of observations had no effect on compliance. Shielding the identity of HH observers eliminated confrontation, and probably increased the accuracy of collected data. Applying strict consequences for non-compliance with HH aided in increasing compliance among staff and physicians. Publishing HH data analysis

  1. The role of gamma probe activity counts in minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bekis, R.; Aydin, A.; Tasci, C.; Durak, H. [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Dokuz Eyluel Univ. School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey); Atila, K.; Kocdor, M.A.; Sevinc, A.; Harmancioglu, Oe. [Dept. of Surgery, Dokuz Eyluel Univ. School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey); Canda, S. [Dept. of Pathology, Dokuz Eyluel Univ. School of Medicine, Izmir (Turkey)

    2004-12-01

    Aim: The benefit of preoperative gamma probe in the diagnosis of adenoma in patients with histopathologically proven parathyroid (PT) adenomas was examined. Patients, material, methods: 20 patients with positive {sup 99m}Tc MIBI uptake in PT scintigraphy with primary hyperparathyroidism were enrolled in this study. 740 MBq {sup 99m}Tc MIBI were injected 3 h before operation. Counts of four PT regions were obtained with gamma probe before surgery in the operation room. All suspected PT adenomas were resected and histopathologically diagnosed as adenomas. We also obtained counts of the resection region and the resected adenoma with gamma probe after the parathyroidectomy. Preoperative counts of adenoma bearing regions (ABR), non-adenoma bearing regions (NABR), postoperative resection region (PRR), resected adenoma counts (RA) were registered. Statistical analysis was performed by Wilcoxon rank test. Results: The mean counts of ABR, NABR, the PRR and RA were 462{+-}106, 230{+-}66, 164{+-}42, 374{+-}87, respectively. The mean counts from ABR were twofold higher than those of NABR. The PRR mean counts decreased by 64% when compared to the mean counts of ABR and by 55% when compared to the mean counts of RA. The differences in mean counts of ABR and NABR, PRR and ABR, PRR and RA (p<0.01) turned out as statistically significant. Discussion: According to our preliminary results, the region with the highest counts is at least 2{+-}0,4 times higher than the mean of the other three PT regions. Thus, it seems to be significant for PT adenoma. Resection of adenoma may be accepted as successful, if the count of ABR decreased more than 64% with decreased postoperative parathoromone levels. Conclusion: This technique should not yet be applied instead of parathormone measurement or frozen technique. But it may replace the frozen technique used for confirmation of the diagnosis during the operation in the future. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Der Vorteil der praeoperativen Sondermessung

  2. Hip- and knee-strength assessments using a hand-held dynamometer with external belt-fixation are inter-tester reliable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, Kristian; Bandholm, Thomas; Hölmich, Per

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: In football, ice-hockey, and track and field, injuries have been predicted, and hip- and knee-strength deficits quantified using hand-held dynamometry (HHD). However, systematic bias exists when testers of different sex and strength perform the measurements. Belt-fixation of the dynamome......PURPOSE: In football, ice-hockey, and track and field, injuries have been predicted, and hip- and knee-strength deficits quantified using hand-held dynamometry (HHD). However, systematic bias exists when testers of different sex and strength perform the measurements. Belt......-fixation. This procedure is therefore perfectly suited for the evaluation and monitoring of strong athletes with hip, groin and hamstring injuries, some of the most common and troublesome injuries in sports. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic, Level III....

  3. Assessment of nickel and cobalt release from 200 unused hand-held work tools for sale in Denmark — Sources of occupational metal contact dermatitis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob P.; Jensen, Peter; Lidén, Carola

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionNickel and cobalt allergy remain frequent in dermatitis patients. It is important to determine possible nickel and cobalt exposures at work as these may offer important information to regulators and physicians who perform patch testing. Clinical relevance of metal exposure is usually...... assessed by the treating physician via the medical history and by presentation of allergic contact dermatitis. ObjectivesTo screen unused non-powered hand-held work tools for nickel and cobalt release by using colorimetric spot tests. Materials & methodsA random selection of 200 non-powered hand-held work...... tools for sale in 2 retailers of home improvement and construction products were analyzed qualitatively for metal release using the colorimetric nickel and cobalt spot tests. ResultsNickel release was identified from 5% of 200 work tools using the dimethylglyoxime (DMG) test. In 8 of 10, positive...

  4. The intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of lower extremity muscle strength assessment of healthy adults using a hand held dynamometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seong-Gil; Lee, Yun-Seob

    2015-06-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of lower extremity muscle strength assessment of healthy adults using hand held dynamometer. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 55 students (19 males and 36 females) in Y University in Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea participated in this study. Lower extremity muscle strength was measured using a hand-held dynamometer (Commander Muscle Tester, JTech, USA). Flexion and extension strengths of the hip joint, the knee joint, and the ankle joint were measured. [Results] The intra-rater reliabilities were excellent (above 0.9) for the flexion and extension strengths of the ankle, knee, and hip joints. The inter-rater reliabilities were also excellent (above 0.8) for the flexion and extension strengths of the ankle, knee, and hip joint. [Conclusion] Lower extremity muscle strength assessment using a hand-held dynamometer provided consistent results when conducted by different examiners and when measured several times. Therefore, this method is a useful way of deriving objective and quantitative measurement values.

  5. [Vertebral osteoid osteoma--peroperative detection of its nidus using a surgical gamma probe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matĕjka, J; Záhlava, J

    2003-01-01

    The case of a vertebral osteoid osteoma localized in the arch and pedicle of the fourth lumbar vertebra in a young girl is described. The condition was manifested by the development of scoliosis, which was also the initial diagnosis. Because of painful muscle contractions and persistent pain at night, osteoid osteoma was suspected and then confirmed by scintigraphy. In order to minimize resection of the posterior stabilizing structures and to ensure removal of the complete nidus, surgery was carried out with the use of a surgical gamma probe. The method is based on administration of a radionuclide (99m Techneciumlabeled methylenediphosphonate) 2 to 3 h before the operation and intraoperative detection of the intensity of radiation directly in the operative wound. The values of impulses recorded over the nidus were more than ten-times higher than the background values, i.e., the impulses over the surrounding, unaffected bone. The nidus was exactly localized and removed as a whole. Posterolateral fusion without instrumentation was carried out. The patient was almost immediately free from night pain. After fixation with TLSO for 3 months, the patient started physical therapy. One year later she was without any complaints, fusion was healed and she had no relapse. The aim of this study was to draw attention to this less known and therefore less frequently employed method that may enable the surgeon to detect conditions otherwise difficult to localize. This method can also be used for other body sites if the lesion treated accumulates radionuclides.

  6. Is intra-operative gamma probe detection really necessary for inguinal sentinel lymph node biopsy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Santos de Oliveira Filho

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Sentinel node (SN biopsy has changed the surgical treatment of malignant melanoma. The literature has emphasized the importance of gamma probe detection (GPD of the SN. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of patent blue dye (PBD and GPD for SN biopsy in different lymphatic basins. DESIGN: Patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma in stages I and II were submitted to biopsy of the SN, identified by PBD and GPD, as part of a research project. SETTING: Patients were seen at Hospital São Paulo by a multidisciplinary group (Plastic Surgery Tumor Branch, Nuclear Medicine and Pathology. PATIENTS: 64 patients with localized malignant melanoma were studied. The median age was 46.5 years. The primary tumor was located in the neck, trunk or extremities. INTERVENTIONS: Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy, lymphatic mapping with PBD and intraoperative GPD was performed on all patients. The SN was examined by conventional and immunohistochemical staining. If the SN was not found or contained micrometastases, only complete lymphadenectomy was performed. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The SN was identified by PBD if it was blue-stained, and by GPD if demonstrated activity five times greater than the adipose tissue of the neighborhood. RESULTS: Seventy lymphatic basins were explored. Lymphoscintigraphy showed ambiguous drainage in 7 patients. GPD identified the SN in 68 basins (97% and PBD in 53 (76%. PBD and GPD identified SN in 100% of the inguinal basins. For the remaining basins both techniques were complementary. A metastatic SN was found in 10 basins. Three patients with negative SN had recurrence (median follow-up = 11 months. CONCLUSION: Although both GPD and PBD are useful and complementary, PBD alone identified the SN in 100% of the inguinal lymphatic basins.

  7. Sentinel node lymphatic mapping for breast cancer using lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative gamma probe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Y. H.; Kee, H.; Kim, D. I.; Chung, W. H.; Oh, K. K.; Jeon, T. J.; Lee, J. D. [College of Medicine, Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, J. D. [College of Medicine, Inje Univ., Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-07-01

    Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has been investigated as a technique for minimizing the morbidity associated with axillary node staging in breast cancer. This study was to evaluate the value of combined imaging and intraoperative gamma probe (IGP) localization of SLN. A total of 38 patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer were mapped using both Tc-99 labelled antimony sulfide colloid (ASC) lymphoscintigraphy (LS) and IGP. Consecutive LS was performed after peri-tumoral injection of Tc-99m ASC. SLN was identified and removed, followed by a definitive cancer operation, including a complete axillary LN dissection. If the SLN was not involved in frozen section, additional 3 sections of H and E stain and immuno-histochemical stain were performed. LS alone revealed lymphatic drainage in 74% of cases. The mean time to node visualization in successful cases was 19 minute, with a mean of 1.38 nodes visualized. Combination of LS and IGP revealed successful localization in 89.5% of cases, with a mean of 1.47 nodes visualized. Of those 34 cases in whom SLN were localized, SLN were not involved by the tumor in 23 cases and lymph node metastasis were noted in 11 cases. In 5 cases, SLN was the only node that contained metastatic tumor and in 6 cases, additional concomitant axillary LN metastasis was detected. In 1 patient, SLN was negative on frozen section and skipped metastatic LN were noted, however, permanent pathologic specimen of SLN revealed micrometastasis. Estimated sensitivity was 91.7% and specificity was 100% and negative predictive value was 95.7%.

  8. Is intra-operative gamma probe detection really necessary for inguinal sentinel lymph node biopsy?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira Filho, Renato Santos de; Santos, Ivan Dunshe Abranches Oliveira; Ferreira, Lydia Massako; Almeida, Fernando Augusto de; Simoes, Milvia Maria; Enokihara, Silvia; Barbieri, Antonio; Tovo Filho, Reinaldo [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP - EPM), SP (Brazil). Disciplina de Cirurgia Plastica

    2000-11-01

    Sentinel node (SN) biopsy has changed the surgical treatment of malignant melanoma. The literature has emphasized the importance of gamma probe detection (GPD) of the SN. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of patent blue dye (PBD) and GPD for SN biopsy in different lymphatic basins. Patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma in stages I and II were submitted to biopsy of the SN, identified by PBD and GPD, as part of a research project. Patients were seen at Hospital Sao Paulo by a multidisciplinary group (Plastic Surgery Tumor Branch, Nuclear Medicine and Pathology). 64 patients with localized malignant melanoma were studied. The median age was 46.5 years. The primary tumor was located in the neck, trunk or extremities. Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy, lymphatic mapping with PBD and intraoperative GPD were performed on all patients. The SN was examined by conventional and immuno-histological staining. If the SN was not found or contained micrometastases, only complete lymphadenectomy was performed. The SN was identified by PBD if it was blue-stained, and by GPD if demonstrated activity five times greater than the adipose tissue of the neighborhood. Seventy lymphatic basins were explored. Lymphoscintigraphy showed ambiguous drainage em 7 patients. GPD identified the SN in 68 basins (97%) and PBD in 53 (76%). PBD and GPD identified SN in 100% of the inguinal basins. For the remaining basins both techniques were complementary. A metastatic SN was found in 10 basins. Three patients with negative SN had recurrence (median follow-up=11 months). Although both GPD and PBD are useful and complementary, PBD alone identified the SN in 100% of the inguinal lymphatic basins. (author)

  9. A data inversion technique for four-detector gamma-ray logging in cased holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wensheng; Bing, Chen; Gang, Yu; Hanwu, Qu; Xiaolong, Li

    2017-07-01

    Scattered-gamma-ray logging in a cased hole not only offers cased-hole formation evaluation parameters, but also enables better cement bond evaluation when there is a microannulus outside the casing. Therefore, it is essential to study the response relations of measured values from cased-hole scattered-gamma-ray logging to casing thickness, cement sheath density, cement sheath thickness and formation density, as well as the data-processing methods used to solve for such parameters. In this paper, we outline the design of a four-detector scattered-gamma-ray logging tool for cased holes, apply Monte Carlo numerical simulation to study the response relations of the above four parameters to detector-measured values, thereby establishing the forward equations of values measured by the four detectors, and then use optimization inversion to solve for casing thickness, cement sheath density, cement sheath thickness and formation density, respectively. Inverted values of casing thickness had high accuracy and were less vulnerable to environmental impact. More accurate cement sheath density values were obtained at greater cement sheath thickness. Inverted values of cement sheath thickness had poor accuracy, being greatly affected by borehole and formation. Accurate formation density values were obtained, though they were influenced by the density and thickness of the cement sheath.

  10. Portable computing for taking part of the lab to the sample types of applications. From hand held personal digital assistants to smart phones for mobile spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weagant, Scott; Karanassios, Vassili

    2015-06-01

    The use of portable hand held computing devices for the acquisition of spectrochemical data is briefly discussed using examples from the author's laboratory. Several network topologies are evaluated. At present, one topology that involves a portable computing device for data acquisition and spectrometer control and that has wireless access to the internet at one end and communicates with a smart phone at the other end appears to be better suited for "taking part of the lab to the sample" types of applications. Thus, spectrometric data can be accessed from anywhere in the world.

  11. (abstract) Applications of Long-wavelength 256x256 GaAs/Al&subx;Ga&sub1-x;As Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector Hand-held Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunapala, S. D.; Bandara, S. V.; Liu, J. K.; Sundaram, M.; Hong, W.; Shott, C. A.; Hoelter, T.; Laband, S.; James, J. B.

    1997-01-01

    A 9 (micro)m 256x256 hand-held quantum well infrared photodetector (QWIP) camera has been demonstrated. Excellent imagery, with a noise equivalent differential temperature (NE(gamma)) of 26 mK has been achieved. In this presentation, we discuss the development of this very sensitive long wavelength infrared (LWIR) camera based on a GaAs/AlGaAs QWIP focal plane array, its performance in quantum efficience, NA(gamma), minimum resolvable temperature (MRTD), uniformity, operability, and its applications.

  12. Into the Wild: Neuroergonomic Differentiation of Hand-Held and Augmented Reality Wearable Displays during Outdoor Navigation with Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKendrick, Ryan; Parasuraman, Raja; Murtza, Rabia; Formwalt, Alice; Baccus, Wendy; Paczynski, Martin; Ayaz, Hasan

    2016-01-01

    Highly mobile computing devices promise to improve quality of life, productivity, and performance. Increased situation awareness and reduced mental workload are two potential means by which this can be accomplished. However, it is difficult to measure these concepts in the "wild". We employed ultra-portable battery operated and wireless functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to non-invasively measure hemodynamic changes in the brain's Prefrontal cortex (PFC). Measurements were taken during navigation of a college campus with either a hand-held display, or an Augmented reality wearable display (ARWD). Hemodynamic measures were also paired with secondary tasks of visual perception and auditory working memory to provide behavioral assessment of situation awareness and mental workload. Navigating with an augmented reality wearable display produced the least workload during the auditory working memory task, and a trend for improved situation awareness in our measures of prefrontal hemodynamics. The hemodynamics associated with errors were also different between the two devices. Errors with an augmented reality wearable display were associated with increased prefrontal activity and the opposite was observed for the hand-held display. This suggests that the cognitive mechanisms underlying errors between the two devices differ. These findings show fNIRS is a valuable tool for assessing new technology in ecologically valid settings and that ARWDs offer benefits with regards to mental workload while navigating, and potentially superior situation awareness with improved display design.

  13. Localized specific absorption rate in the human head in metal-framed spectacles for 1.5GHz hand-held mobile telephones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, J.; Joko, T.; Fujikawa, O. [Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    Enhancements of the localized specific absorption rate (SAR) caused by metal-framed spectacles are analyzed numerically for 1.5 GHz hand-held mobile telephones. The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method and an anatomically based human head model are employed in the analysis. Enhancements up to 1.2 times for the ten-gram-averaged spatial peak SAR in the head and up to 2.75 times for the one-gram-averaged SAR in the eye are found, whereas there is no significant variation on the absorbed power or averaged SAR in the whole head. The mechanism of localized SAR enhancement is clarified to be due to an induced current on the metal frame. 17 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Suitability of capillary blood obtained by a minimally invasive lancet technique to detect subclinical ketosis in dairy cows by using 3 different electronic hand-held devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanz, P; Drillich, M; Klein-Jöbstl, D; Mair, B; Borchardt, S; Meyer, L; Schwendenwein, I; Iwersen, M

    2015-09-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of capillary blood obtained by a minimally invasive lancet technique to detect subclinical ketosis in 49 prepartum and 191 postpartum Holstein-Friesian cows using 3 different electronic hand-held devices [FreeStyle Precision (FSP, Abbott), GlucoMen LX Plus (GLX, A. Menarini), NovaVet (NOV, Nova Biomedical)]. The β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentration in serum harvested from coccygeal blood samples was analyzed in a laboratory and used as a reference value. Capillary samples were obtained from the skin of the exterior vulva by using 1 of 3 different lancets. In all samples, the concentration of BHBA was immediately analyzed with all 3 hand-held devices used in random order. All lancets used in the study were eligible for capillary blood collection but differed in the total number of incisions needed. Spearman correlation coefficients between the BHBA concentrations in capillary blood and the reference test were highly significant with 83% for the FSP, 73% for the NOV, and 63% for the GLX. Using capillary blood, the FSP overestimated the mean BHBA concentration compared with the reference test (+0.08 mmol/L), whereas the GLX and NOV underestimated the mean concentration (-0.07 and -0.01 mmol/L). When a BHBA concentration of 1.2 mmol/L in serum was used to define subclinical ketosis, the corresponding analyses of receiver operating characteristics resulted in optimized thresholds for capillary blood of 1.1 mmol/L for the NOV and GLX devices, and of 1.0 mmol/L for the FSP. Based on these thresholds, sensitivities (Se) and specificities (Sp) were 89 and 84% for the NOV, 80 and 89% for the GLX, and 100 and 76% for the FSP. Based on a serum BHBA concentration of 1.4 mmol/L, analyses of receiver operating characteristics resulted in optimized cut-offs of 1.4 mmol/L for the FSP (Se 100%, Sp 92%), 1.3 mmol/L for the NOV (Se 80%, Sp 95%), and 1.1 mmol/L (Se 90%, Sp 85%) for the GLX. Using these optimized thresholds

  15. Use of gamma probe in {sup 131}I thyroid uptake studies; Utilizacao da sonda a cintilacao na captacao de {sup 131}I pela tireoide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarmento, Andrea Gondim Leitao

    2002-11-01

    Evaluation of thyroid uptake by administration of radioactive iodine is a well-defined procedure to assess patient thyroid function. In general, nuclear medicine institutions use gamma cameras coupled to pinhole collimators to perform uptake studies. With the growing use of intraoperative gamma probes in the radioguided surgical techniques, several institutions are purchasing this new and portable equipment, which can technically be also employed to assess patient's thyroid function, permitting further other applications of gamma cameras. The aim of the study was to compare thyroid uptake trails carried out with both gamma camera and intraoperative gamma probe, in order to evaluate the possible use of gamma probe for this purpose. At first a preliminary study of feasibility was carried out using a neck phantom to verify equipment efficiency with known activities of {sup 131} I. Henceforth, work data from 12 patients undergone studies of thyroid uptakes were evaluated, 24 hours after oral administration of 370 kBq of {sup 131} I. The maximum difference observed between the values obtained with both equipment was 60%, which demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed protocol and made clear that gamma probe can be useful for thyroid uptake studies. (author)

  16. Glucose concentration in capillary blood of dairy cows obtained by a minimally invasive lancet technique and determined with three different hand-held devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mair, B; Drillich, M; Klein-Jöbstl, D; Kanz, P; Borchardt, S; Meyer, L; Schwendenwein, I; Iwersen, M

    2016-02-24

    Dairy cows have a massive demand for glucose at the onset of lactation. A poor adaption to this period leads to an excessive negative energy balance with an increased risk for ketosis and impaired animal health and production. Besides the measurement of ketones, analysing the glucose concentration in blood is reported as helpful instrument for diagnosis and differentiation of ketosis. Monitoring metabolic parameters requires multiple blood sampling. In other species, new blood sampling techniques have been introduced in which small amounts of blood are rapidly analysed using electronic hand-held devices. The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of capillary blood for blood glucose measurement in dairy cows using the hand-held devices FreeStyle Precision (FSP, Abbott), GlucoMen LX Plus (GLX, A. Menarini) and the WellionVet GLUCO CALEA, (WGC, MED TRUST). In total, 240 capillary blood samples were obtained from dry and fresh lactating Holstein-Friesian cows. Blood was collected from the skin of the exterior vulva by using a lancet. For method comparison, additional blood samples were taken from a coccygeal vessel and analyzed in a laboratory. Glucose concentrations measured by a standard laboratory method were defined as the criterion standard. The Pearson correlation coefficients between the glucose concentrations analyzed in capillary blood with the devices and the reference were 73% for the FSP, 81% for the GLX and 41% for the WGC. Bland-Altman plots showed biases of -18.8 mg/dL for the FSP, -11.2 mg/dL for the GLX and +20.82 mg/dL for the WGC. The optimized threshold determined by a Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis to detect hyperglycemia using the FSP was 43 mg/dL with a sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of 76 and 80%. Using the GLX and WGC optimized thresholds were 49 mg/dL (Se = 92%, Sp = 85%) and 95 mg/dL (Se = 39%, Sp = 92%). The results of this study demonstrate good performance characteristics for the GLX

  17. Hand-Held Power Clamp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancy, J. P.

    1985-01-01

    Tool furnishes large pushing or pulling forces. Device includes two clamping blocks, two clamping plates, and a motor-driven linear actuator with selflocking screw shaft. Power clamp exerts opening or closing force at push of switch. Tool approximately 1 m long. Originally designed to secure payload aboard Space Shuttle, operated with one hand to apply opening or closing force of up to 1,000 lb (4,400 N). Clamp has potential applications as end effector for industrial robots and in rescue work to push or pull wreckage with great force.

  18. Hand-held survey probe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Kevin L [Idaho Falls, ID; Hungate, Kevin E [Idaho Falls, ID

    2010-02-23

    A system for providing operational feedback to a user of a detection probe may include an optical sensor to generate data corresponding to a position of the detection probe with respect to a surface; a microprocessor to receive the data; a software medium having code to process the data with the microprocessor and pre-programmed parameters, and making a comparison of the data to the parameters; and an indicator device to indicate results of the comparison. A method of providing operational feedback to a user of a detection probe may include generating output data with an optical sensor corresponding to the relative position with respect to a surface; processing the output data, including comparing the output data to pre-programmed parameters; and indicating results of the comparison.

  19. Hand-held UXO Discriminator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasperikova, E.; Smith, J.T.; Kappler, K.N.; Ratti, A.; Morrison, H.F.; Becker, A.

    2010-04-01

    With prior funding (UX-1225, MM-0437, and MM-0838), we have successfully designed and built a cart-mounted Berkeley UXO Discriminator (BUD) and demonstrated its performance at various test sites (e.g., Gasperikova et al., 2007, 2009). It is a multi-transmitter multi-receiver active electromagnetic system that is able to discriminate UXO from scrap at a single measurement position, hence eliminates equirement of a very accurate sensor location. The cart-mounted system comprises of three orthogonal transmitters and eight pairs of differenced receivers (Smith et al., 2007). Receiver coils are located on ymmetry lines through the center of the system and see identical fields during the on-time of the pulse in all of the transmitter coils. They can then be wired in opposition to produce zero output during the n-ime of the pulses in three orthogonal transmitters. Moreover, this configuration dramatically reduces noise in the measurements by canceling the background electromagnetic fields (these fields are uniform ver the scale of the receiver array and are consequently nulled by the differencing operation), and by canceling the noise contributed by the tilt of the receivers in the Earth's magnetic field, and therefore reatly enhances receivers sensitivity to the gradients of the target.

  20. Real-time neutron source localization and identification with a hand-held, volumetrically-sensitive, moderating-type neutron spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshor, C. B.; Myers, E. R.; Oakes, T. M.; Young, S. M.; Currie, J. E.; Scott, P. R.; Miller, W. H.; Bellinger, S. L.; McGregor, D. S.; Caruso, A. N.

    2017-09-01

    Measuring source-dependent properties of free neutrons over a large neutron energy range, with hand-portable instrumentation, continues to push the frontier of neutron detection instrumentation design and analysis techniques. Building on prior work - C.B. Hoshor, et al., A portable and wide energy range semiconductor-based neutron spectrometer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 803 (2015) 68-81 - which focused on demonstrating one-dimensional-based energy-dependent neutron measurement and analysis with a new class of solid-state moderating-type spectrometer, this work introduces two ;core; algorithmic methodologies that expand the analysis of neutron thermalization measurements to three spatial dimensions to determine the location and identity of neutron radiation sources in real time. Two extensions of these core methodologies are then proposed to further improve both the accuracy and reliability of source location and identity determinations with this new class of hand-held instrumentation. In 432 preliminary simulation tests, these method extensions are shown to decrease the average source location error by 64% and provide correct identity determinations in all test cases.

  1. The use of hand-held 35 mm color infrared imagery for estimates of suspended solids - A progress report. [in water pollution monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. F.; Whisler, F. D.; Robinette, H. R.; Finnie, D.; Cannon, T.

    1975-01-01

    A cost-effective aerial surveillance technique is proposed for detection and identification of suspended solids which would be operational for both governmental monitoring organizations and private individuals operating catfish farms. Sixteen catfish ponds were flown daily for seven days using two hand-held 35 mm cameras with both Kodachrome X and Ektachrome infrared film. Hue, value, and chroma designations were recorded for each pond on each date by three interpreters, and the accepted color was that recorded by at least two of the interpreters, or if there was a three hue range, the median was accepted. Relations between suspended solids and color designations were analyzed graphically, and chroma was discarded due to an apparent lack of correlation. The data obtained were then analyzed by multiple regression. Significant correlations were revealed between hue and value and total and inorganic suspended solids. If perfected, this technique could be developed to sufficent accuracy for large-scale reconnaissance surveys to monitor the quality of rivers and streams.

  2. Lactate study using umbilical cord blood: agreement between Lactate Pro hand-held devices with blood gas analyser and evaluation of lactate stability over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Tina Y; Reece, Mifanwy; Chua, Seng C

    2013-08-01

    Lactate measurements have become increasingly preferred over pH analysis in the evaluation of fetal acidaemia in labour. In a busy labour ward, often the umbilical cord may be sampled late and as a result yield unreliable lactate values. To investigate the agreement of hand-held device Lactate Pro with a reference method blood gas analyser and evaluate the stability of umbilical cord lactate values over time. Prospective study carried out at elective caesarean section. Sixteen umbilical cords were double clamped immediately after delivery with paired arterial and venous blood samples collected by an independent researcher, at varying time intervals, and processed by two Lactate Pro devices and a reference method blood gas analyser. A significant difference of -0.41 to 0.10 mmol/L was found when different groups of Lactate Pro devices were compared with blood gas analyser at lactate values up to 5.70 mmol/L, with average lactate value of 2.45 mmol/L. Over time, there is progressive rise in lactate samples obtained from the umbilical cord. Lactate Pro devices have a significant difference, but when used in clinical practice on cord blood after delivery, this is unlikely to be meaningful. In intrapartum fetal surveillance, a systematic overestimation might lead to unnecessary intervention. It is possible to retrospectively predict the likely level of lactate at birth in delayed cord samples. © 2013 The Authors ANZJOG © 2013 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  3. Absolute reliability and concurrent validity of hand held dynamometry and isokinetic dynamometry in the hip, knee and ankle joint: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chamorro Claudio

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to establish absolute reliability and concurrent validity between hand-held dynamometers (HHDs and isokinetic dynamometers (IDs in lower extremity peak torque assessment. Medline, Embase, CINAHL databases were searched for studies related to psychometric properties in muscle dynamometry. Studies considering standard error of measurement SEM (% or limit of agreement LOA (% expressed as percentage of the mean, were considered to establish absolute reliability while studies using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were considered to establish concurrent validity between dynamometers. In total, 17 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The COSMIN checklist classified them between fair and poor. Using HHDs, knee extension LOA (% was 33.59%, 95% confidence interval (CI 23.91 to 43.26 and ankle plantar flexion LOA (% was 48.87%, CI 35.19 to 62.56. Using IDs, hip adduction and extension; knee flexion and extension; and ankle dorsiflexion showed LOA (% under 15%. Lower hip, knee, and ankle LOA (% were obtained using an ID compared to HHD. ICC between devices ranged between 0.62, CI (0.37 to 0.87 for ankle dorsiflexion to 0.94, IC (0.91to 0.98 for hip adduction. Very high correlation were found for hip adductors and hip flexors and moderate correlations for knee flexors/extensors and ankle plantar/dorsiflexors.

  4. A randomised comparison of a hand-held Neurotip and the Neuropen for assessing loss of touch sensation during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soundararajan, N; Russell, I

    2007-07-01

    With spinal anaesthesia various methods may be used to assess the block to touch. We wished to compare the levels of block assessed using a non-standardised, assessor-dependent touch stimulus with those assessed when the same stimulus was applied in a standardised manner independent of the assessor. In a double-blind, randomised study the levels of block to touch were assessed by two investigators, one using a hand-held Neurotip tester pin and the other using the same tester pin mounted in a spring loaded system (Neuropen). Both the testing device and the order of testing were randomised between the two observers. The dermatomes were marked on patients' torsos before surgery. Whole group data analysis in a Bland Altman plot demonstrated a median difference of 0 dermatomes between the two methods: the 5th, 25th, 75th, and 95th centiles of agreement being -2, -1, +1, and +2 dermatomes respectively. There were occasional wide differences in levels of block to touch with the Neuropen varying between seven dermatomes rostral to and four dermatomes caudal to the Neurotip. These differences were short-lived and did not affect clinical management. When comparing two very similar touch stimuli, one standardised and user-independent and one non-standardised, we observed occasional wide but short lived differences in the assessed levels of block to touch. Although these differences did not affect clinical management, whether more dissimilar touch testing methods might affect clinical management remains to be seen.

  5. Performance of hand-held whole-breast ultrasound based on BI-RADS in women with mammographically negative dense breast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Youk, Ji Hyun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Kim, Min Jung; Kwak, Jin Young; Son, Eun Ju [Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-04-15

    To assess the performance of breast ultrasound based on BI-RADS final assessment categories in women with mammographically negative dense breast. Of 3,820 cases with mammographically negative dense breast and subsequent hand-held bilateral whole-breast ultrasound, a total of 1,507 cases in 1,046 women who had biopsy or at least 2-year follow-up ultrasound constituted the basis of this retrospective study. Cancer rate of each sonographic BI-RADS category was determined and medical audit was performed separately in screening-general, screening-treated, and diagnostic group. A total of 43 cases (2.9%) were confirmed as malignancy. Cancer rate among BI-RADS categories was significantly different (p < 0.0001). Among three groups, the cancer rate was significantly different (p < 0.0001) and the highest in diagnostic group (15.8%, 22 of 139). Abnormal interpretation rate, PPV of biopsy performed, cancer detection rate, and rate of early stage cancer, and the size of invasive cancer were significantly different among three groups and the highest in diagnostic group. Regarding cancer characteristics, the proportion of advanced cancer was the highest in diagnostic group. Breast ultrasound based on BI-RADS as an adjunctive to negative mammography can be useful for predicting malignancy in women with dense breast. (orig.)

  6. The role of internal models in motion planning and control: evidence from grip force adjustments during movements of hand-held loads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, J R; Wing, A M

    1997-02-15

    We investigated the issue of whether or not the CNS makes use of an internal model of the motor apparatus in planning and controlling arm movements. In particular, we tested the ability of subjects to predict different hand-held loads by examining grip force adjustments used to stabilize the load in the hand during arm movements. Subjects grasped a manipulandum using a precision grip with the tips of the thumb and index finger on either side. The grip force (normal to the contact surfaces) and the load force (tangential to the surfaces) were measured, along with the trajectory of the hand. The manipulandum was attached to two servo-controlled linear motors used to create inertial and viscous loads as well as a composite load, including inertial, viscous, and elastic components. The form of the hand trajectory was independent of load for some subjects but varied systematically across load conditions in others. Nevertheless, under all load conditions and in all subjects, grip force was modulated in parallel with, and thus anticipated, fluctuations in load force despite the marked variation in the form of the load function. This indicates that the CNS is able to predict the load force and the kinematics of hand movement on which the load depends. We suggest this prediction is based on an internal model of the motor apparatus and external load and is used to determine the grip forces required to stabilize the load.

  7. What is the most cost-effective strategy to screen for left ventricular systolic dysfunction: natriuretic peptides, the electrocardiogram, hand-held echocardiography, traditional echocardiography, or their combination?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galasko, Gavin I W; Barnes, Sophie C; Collinson, Paul; Lahiri, Avijit; Senior, Roxy

    2006-01-01

    To assess the screening characteristics and cost-effectiveness of screening for left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in community subjects. A total of 1392 members of the general public and 928 higher risk subjects were randomly selected from seven community practices. Attending subjects underwent an ECG, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) serum levels, and traditional echocardiography (TE). A total of 533 consecutive subjects underwent hand-held echocardiography (HE). The screening characteristics and cost-effectiveness (cost per case of LVSD diagnosed) of eight strategies to predict LVSD (LVSD cost-effective, screening low-risk subjects least cost-effective. TE screening was the least cost-effective strategy. NTproBNP screening gave similar cost savings to ECG screening; HE screening greater cost-savings, and HE screening following NTproBNP or ECG pre-screening the greatest cost-savings, costing approximately 650 Euros per case of LVSD diagnosed in high-risk subjects (63% cost-savings vs.TE). Thus several different modalities allow cost-effective community-based screening for LVSD, especially in high-risk subjects. Such programmes would be cost-effective and miss few cases of LVSD in the community.

  8. Specific absorption rate levels measured in a phantom head exposed to radio frequency transmissions from analog hand-held mobile phones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, V.; Joyner, K.H. [Telecom Research Labs., Clayton, Victoria (Australia). Electromagnetic Compatibility Section

    1995-05-01

    Electric fields (E-fields) induced within a phantom head from exposure to three different advanced mobile phone system (AMPS) hand-held telephones were measured using an implantable E-Field probe. Measurements were taken in the eye nearest the phone and along a lateral scan through the brain from its center to the side nearest the phone. During measurement, the phones were positioned alongside the phantom head as in typical use and were configured to transmit at maximum power (600 mW nominal). The specific absorption rate (SAR) was calculated from the in situ E-field measurements, which varied significantly between phone models and antenna configuration. The SARs induced in the eye ranged from 0.007 to 0.21 W/kg. Metal-framed spectacles enhanced SAR levels in the eye by 9--29%. In the brain, maximum levels were recorded at the measurement point closest to the phone and ranged from 0.12 to 0.83 W/kg. These SARs are below peak spatial limits recommended in the US and Australian national standards and the IRPA guidelines for safe exposure to radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields. Furthermore, a detailed thermal analysis of the eye indicated only a 0.022 C maximum steady-state temperature rise in the eye from a uniform SAR loading of 0.21 W/kg. A more approximate thermal analysis in the brain also indicated only a small maximum temperature rise of 0.034 C for a local SAR loading of 0.83 W/kg.

  9. Reliability of hand-held dynamometry for measurement of lower limb muscle strength in children with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei SHI

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective To determine the reliability of hand-held dynamometry (HHD for lower limb isometric muscle strength measurement in children with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD.  Methods A total of 21 children [20 males and one female; mean age was (7.88 ± 2.87 years, ranging between 3.96-14.09 years; mean age at diagnosis was (5.88 ± 2.88 years, ranging between 1.35-12.89 years; mean height was (120.64 ± 16.30 cm, ranging between 97-153 cm; mean body weight was (24.62 ± 9.05 kg, ranging between 14-50 kg] with DMD (19/21 and BMD (2/21 were involved from Rehabilitation Center of Children's Hospital of Fudan University. The muscle strength of hip, knee and ankle was measured by HHD under standardized test methods. The test-retest results were compared to determine the inter-test reliability, and the results among testers were compared to determine the inter-tester reliability.  Results HHD showed fine inter-tester reliability (ICC = 0.762-0.978 and inter-test reliability (ICC = 0.690-0.938 in measuring lower limb muscle strength of children with DMD/BMD. Results also showed relatively poor reliability in distal muscle groups (foot plantar flexion and dorsiflexion.  Conclusions HHD, showing fine inter-tester and inter-test reliability in measuring the lower limb muscle strength of children with DMD/BMD, can be used in monitoring muscle strength changing and assessing effects of clinical interventions. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.05.009

  10. In-field Volatile Analysis Employing a Hand-held Portable GC-MS: Emission Profiles Differentiate Damaged and Undamaged Yellow Starthistle Flower Heads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, John J; Porter, Nathan; Cook, Daniel; Gee, Wai S; Griffith, Corey M; Rands, Anthony D; Truong, Tai V; Smith, Lincoln; San Román, Itxaso

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the complex chemical signalling of plants and insects is an important component of chemical ecology. Accordingly, the collection and analysis of chemical cues from plants in their natural environment is integral to elucidation of plant-insect communications. Remote plant locations and the need for a large number of replicates make in situ headspace analyses a daunting logistical challenge. A hand-held, portable GC-MS system was used to discriminate between damaged and undamaged Centaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) flower heads in both a potted-plant and natural setting. To determine if a portable GC-MS system was capable of distinguishing between undamaged and mechanically damaged plant treatments, and plant environments. A portable GC-MS utilising needle trap adsorbent technology was used to collect and analyse in situ headspace volatiles of varying yellow starthistle treatments. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to distinguish treatments and identify biomarker volatiles. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine differences between treatment volatile amounts. The portable GC-MS system detected 31 volatiles from the four treatments. Each GC-MS run was completed in less than 3 min. PCA showed four distinct clusters representing the four treatments - damaged and undamaged potted plant, and damaged and undamaged natural plant. Damage-specific volatiles were identified. The portable GC-MS system distinguished the treatments based on their detected volatile profiles. Additional statistical analysis identified five possible biomarker volatiles for the treatments, among them cyclosativene and copaene, which indicated damaged flower heads. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. VALIDATION OF ANSI N42.34 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD PERFORMANCE CRITERIA FOR HAND-HELD INSTRUMENTS FOR THE DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF RADIONUCLIDES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorier, T.

    2014-09-03

    SRNL’s validation of ANSI N42.34-D6 for the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) was performed utilizing one hand-held instrument (or RID) – the FLIR identiFINDER 2. Each section of the standard was evaluated via a walk-through or test. NOTE: In Table 1, W = walk-through and T = test, as directed by the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO). For a walk-through, the experiment was either setup or reviewed for setup; for a test, the N42.34-D6 procedures were followed with some exceptions and comments noted. SRNL is not fully able to evaluate a RID against Sections 7 (Environmental), 8 (Electromagnetic), and 9 (Mechanical) of N42.34, so those portions of this validation were done in collaboration with Qualtest, Inc. in Orlando, Florida. The walk-throughs and tests of Sections 7, 8, and 9 were performed in Qualtest, Inc. facilities with SRNL providing radiological sources as necessary. Where applicable, assessment results and findings of the walk-throughs and tests were recorded on datasheets and a validation summary is provided. A general comment pertained to test requirements found in another standard and referenced in N42.34-D6. For example, step 1 of the test method in section 8.1.2 states “RF test set up information can be found in IEC 61000-4-3.” It is recommended that any information from other standards necessary for conducting the tests within N42.34 should be posted in N42.34 for simplicity and to prevent the user from having to peruse other documents. Another general comment, as noted by Qualtest, is that a tolerance reference is not listed for each test in sections 7-9. Overall, the N42.34-D6 was proven to be practicable, but areas for improvement and recommendations were identified for consideration prior to final ballot submittal.

  12. An Approach to Precise Nitrogen Management Using Hand-Held Crop Sensor Measurements and Winter Wheat Yield Mapping in a Mediterranean Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Quebrajo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Regardless of the crop production system, nutrients inputs must be controlled at or below a certain economic threshold to achieve an acceptable level of profitability. The use of management zones and variable-rate fertilizer applications is gaining popularity in precision agriculture. Many researchers have evaluated the application of final yield maps and geo-referenced geophysical measurements (e.g., apparent soil electrical conductivity-ECa as a method of establishing relatively homogeneous management zones within the same plot. Yield estimation models based on crop conditions at certain growth stages, soil nutrient statuses, agronomic factors, moisture statuses, and weed/pest pressures are a primary goal in precision agriculture. This study attempted to achieve the following objectives: (1 to investigate the potential for predicting winter wheat yields using vegetation measurements (the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index—NDVI at the beginning of the season, thereby allowing for a yield response to nitrogen (N fertilizer; and (2 evaluate the feasibility of using inexpensive optical sensor measurements in a Mediterranean environment. A field experiment was conducted in two commercial wheat fields near Seville, in southwestern Spain. Yield data were collected at harvest using a yield monitoring system (RDS Ceres II-volumetric meter installed on a combine. Wheat yield and NDVI values of 3498 ± 481 kg ha−1 and 0.67 ± 0.04 nm nm−1 (field 1 and 3221 ± 531 kg ha−1 and 0.68 ± 0.05 nm nm−1 (field 2 were obtained. In both fields, the yield and NDVI exhibited a strong Pearson correlation, with rxy = 0.64 and p < 10−4 in field 1 and rxy = 0.78 and p < 10−4 in field 2. The preliminary results indicate that hand-held crop sensor-based N management can be applied to wheat production in Spain and has the potential to increase agronomic N-use efficiency on a long-term basis.

  13. Hip- and knee-strength assessments using a hand-held dynamometer with external belt-fixation are inter-tester reliable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorborg, Kristian; Bandholm, Thomas; Hölmich, Per

    2013-03-01

    In football, ice-hockey, and track and field, injuries have been predicted, and hip- and knee-strength deficits quantified using hand-held dynamometry (HHD). However, systematic bias exists when testers of different sex and strength perform the measurements. Belt-fixation of the dynamometer may resolve this. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the inter-tester reliability concerning strength assessments of isometric hip abduction, adduction, flexion, extension and knee-flexion strength, using HHD with external belt-fixation. Twenty-one healthy athletes (6 women), 30 (8.6) (mean (SD)) years of age, were included. Two physiotherapy students (1 female and 1 male) performed all the measurements after careful instruction and procedure training. Isometric hip abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, and knee-flexion strength were tested. The tester-order and hip-action order were randomised. No systematic between-tester differences (bias) were observed for any of the hip or knee actions. The intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC 2.1) ranged from 0.76 to 0.95. Furthermore, standard errors of measurement in per cent (SEM %) ranged from 5 to 11 %, and minimal detectable change in per cent (MDC %) from 14 to 29 % for the different hip and knee actions. The present study shows that isometric hip- and knee-strength measurements have acceptable inter-tester reliability at the group level, when testing strong individuals, using HHD with belt-fixation. This procedure is therefore perfectly suited for the evaluation and monitoring of strong athletes with hip, groin and hamstring injuries, some of the most common and troublesome injuries in sports. Diagnostic, Level III.

  14. Evaluation of a hand-held blood gas analyzer for rapid determination of blood gases, electrolytes and metabolites in intensive care setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luukkonen, Antti A M; Lehto, Tiina M; Hedberg, Pirjo S M; Vaskivuo, Tommy E

    2016-04-01

    Intensive care units, operating rooms, emergency departments, and neonatology units need rapid measurements of blood gases, electrolytes, and metabolites. These analyses can be performed in a central laboratory or at the clinic with traditional or compact cassette-type blood gas analyzers such as the epoc blood gas testing system for analyzing whole blood samples at the bedside. In this study, the performance and interchangeability of a hand-held epoc blood gas analyzer was evaluated. The analytical performance of the epoc analyzer was evaluated by determining within-and between-run precisions. The accuracy of the epoc analyzer was assessed by comparing patient results from the device with those obtained with the Siemens Rapidlab 1265 and Rapidpoint RP500 and Siemens Dimension Vista and Sysmex XE-2100 analyzers. The following parameters were measured: pH, pCO2, pO2, Hb (calc), Na+, K+, iCa2+, glucose, and lactate. The CV% of the epoc's between-day imprecision for the various parameters varied from 0.4 to 8.6. The within-run imprecision CV% varied from 0.6 to 5.2. The squared regression coefficient (R2) between the epoc and RL1265 varied from 0.94 to 0.99, with the exception of Na+ and Ca2+ (R2≥0.82). The correlation (R2) of Na+ and K+ between epoc and Dimension Vista was 0.73 and 0.89, respectively. The correlation (R2) of Hb between the epoc and the XE-2100 analyzer was 0.94. With most of the measured blood gas parameters, the epoc analyzer correlated well with reference techniques. The epoc analyzer is suitable for rapid measurement of the blood gases, the electrolytes, and the metabolites in the ICU.

  15. Intrarater reliability of goniometry and hand-held dynamometry for shoulder and elbow examinations in female team handball athletes and asymptomatic volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fieseler, Georg; Molitor, Thomas; Irlenbusch, Lars; Delank, Karl-Stefan; Laudner, Kevin G; Hermassi, Souhail; Schwesig, Rene

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate the intrarater reliability for examining active range of motion (ROM) and isometric strength of the shoulder and elbow among asymptomatic female team handball athletes and a control group using a manual goniometer and hand-held dynamometry (HHD). 22 female team handball athletes (age: 21.0 ± 3.7 years) and 25 volunteers (13 female, 12 male, age: 21.9 ± 1.24 years) participated to determine bilateral ROM for shoulder rotation and elbow flexion/extension, as well as isometric shoulder rotation and elbow flexion/extension strength. Subjects were assessed on two separate test sessions with 7 days between sessions. Relative (intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and standard error of measurement (SEM) reliability were calculated. Reliability for ROM and strength were good to excellent for both shoulders and groups (athletes: ICC = 0.94-0.97, SEM 1.07°-4.76 N, controls: ICC = 0.96-1.00, SEM = 0.00 N-4.48 N). Elbow measurements for both groups also showed good-to-excellent reliability (athletes: ICC = 0.79-0.97, SEM = 0.98°-5.94 N, controls: ICC = 0.87-1.00, SEM = 0.00 N-5.43 N). It is important to be able to reliably reproduce active ROM and isometric strength evaluations. Using a standardized testing position, goniometry and HHD are reliable instruments in the assessment of shoulder and elbow joint performance testing. We showed good-to-excellent reproducible results for male and female control subjects and female handball athletes, although the single parameters in ROM and strength were different for each group and between the shoulders and elbows.

  16. Evaluation of a hand-held far-ultraviolet radiation device for decontamination of Clostridium difficile and other healthcare-associated pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerandzic Michelle M

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Environmental surfaces play an important role in transmission of healthcare-associated pathogens. There is a need for new disinfection methods that are effective against Clostridium difficile spores, but also safe and rapid. The Sterilray™ Disinfection Wand device is a hand-held room decontamination technology that utilizes far-ultraviolet radiation (185-230 nm to kill pathogens. Methods We examined the efficacy of disinfection using the Sterilray device in the laboratory, in rooms of hospitalized patients, and on surfaces outside of patient rooms (i.e. keyboards and portable medical equipment. Cultures for C. difficile, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE were collected from commonly-touched surfaces before and after use of the Sterilray device. Results On inoculated surfaces in the laboratory, application of the Sterilray device at a radiant dose of 100 mJ/cm2 for ~ 5 seconds consistently reduced recovery of C. difficile spores by 4.4 CFU log10, MRSA by 5.4 log10CFU and of VRE by 6.9 log10CFU. A >3 log10 reduction of MRSA and VRE was achieved in ~2 seconds at a lower radiant dose, but killing of C. difficile spores was significantly reduced. On keyboards and portable medical equipment that were inoculated with C. difficile spores, application of the Sterilray device at a radiant dose of 100���mJ/cm2 for ~ 5 seconds reduced contamination by 3.2 log10CFU. However, the presence of organic material reduced the lethal effect of the far-UV radiation. In hospital rooms that were not pre-cleaned, disinfection with the Sterilray device significantly reduced the frequency of positive C. difficile and MRSA cultures (P =0.007. Conclusions The Sterilray™ Disinfection Wand is a novel environmental disinfection technology that rapidly kills C. difficile spores and other healthcare-associated pathogens on surfaces. However, the presence of organic matter

  17. Use of mammary lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative radioguided gamma probe in detection of sentinel lymph node in breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeon, Seok Kil; Kim, Soon; Kim, Yu Sa [School of Medicine, Keimyung Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-07-01

    The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is defined as the first node draining primary tumor site and reflect the histologic features of the remainder of the lymphatic basin in breast cancer. This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) and intraoperative gamma probe(IGP) in SLN biopsy and axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in breast cancer. LSG using 30-37MBq Tc-99m antimony sulfide (0.4ml) was performed preoperatively in 15 patient of biopsy proven primary breast cancer. Four intraderm injections of 0.1ml radiotracer were done at 2-3mm of the tumor margin. Scanning were obtained by early dynamic image (10sec/frame) for 10min, static image (5min/frame) of 30-60 min and delayed image (5min/frame) at two hours. The SLN was identified on LSG and removed with the aid of the IGP during operation. In 14 of 15 patients, the 31 SLNs were noted by LSG and IGP(detection rate (93.3%). Dynamic image of LSG revealed lymphatic drainage pattern and SLN in six of 14 patients. 2.47{+-}2.00 and 2.36 {+-}1.96 nodes were noted by LSG and IGP, respectively. In seven of 14 patients, 8/31 SLNs were the only nodes that contained metastatic tumor(50%). In five patients, concomitant 26/86 ALN metastasis were detected (sensitivity: 72%). In seven patients, 21/31 SLNs were negative for cancer cell on frozen section, and concomitant 120/247 ALNs were not involved by tumor(specificity: 100%). In two of seven patients with SLN metastasis, ALN were not contained meatstatic tumor (negative predictive value:78%). SLN biopsy with LSG and IGP is a reliable method to predict axiallary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer.

  18. A new method for intraoperative localization of epilepsy focus by means of a gamma probe; Um novo metodo para a localizacao intraoperatoria de foco de epilepsia mediante utilizacao de gamaprobe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carneiro Filho, Omar, E-mail: dromarcarneiro@gmail.com [Centro Brasileiro de Medicina Nuclear e Imagem Molecular (CEBRAMEN), Goiania, GO (Brazil); Instituto de Medicina Nuclear, Goiania, GO (Brazil); Vilela Filho, Osvaldo [Universidade Federal de Goias (UFG), Goiania, GO (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Servico de Neurocirurgia; Ragazzo, Paulo Cesar [Instituto de Neurologia de Goiania, GO (Brazil). Servico de Eplepsia e Neurofisiologia; Fonseca, Lea Mirian Barbosa da [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia

    2014-01-15

    Objective: to evaluate the utility of a new multimodal image-guided intervention technique to detect epileptogenic areas with a gamma probe as compared with intraoperative electrocorticography. Materials and methods: two symptomatic patients with refractory epilepsy underwent magnetic resonance imaging, videoelectroencephalography, brain SPECT scan, neuropsychological evaluation and were submitted to gamma probe-assisted surgery. Results: in patient 1, maximum radioactive count was initially observed on the temporal gyrus at about 3.5 cm posteriorly to the tip of the left temporal lobe. After corticotomy, the gamma probe indicated maximum count at the head of the hippocampus, in agreement with the findings of intraoperative electrocorticography. In patient 2, maximum count was observed in the occipital region at the transition between the temporal and parietal lobes (right hemisphere). During the surgery, the area of epileptogenic activity mapped at electrocorticography was also delimited, demarcated, and compared with the gamma probe findings. After lesionectomy, new radioactive counts were performed both in the patients and on the surgical specimens (ex-vivo). Conclusion: the comparison between intraoperative electrocorticography and gamma probe-assisted surgery showed similarity of both methods. The advantages of gamma probe include: noninvasiveness, low cost and capacity to demonstrate decrease in the radioactive activity at the site of excision after lesionectomy. (author)

  19. Feasibility and accuracy of a newly developed hand-held device with a flat-type fluorescent lamp for measuring the minimal erythema dose for narrow-band UVB therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morita, Akimichi; Shintani, Yoichi; Nishida, Emi; Kato, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Hisashi; Minamoto, Maki; Yamaguchi, Yuji; Maeda, Akira

    2009-02-01

    Narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) for the treatment of refractory skin diseases, such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, requires an adequate irradiation protocol based on the minimal erythema dose (MED) to establish an optimal dosage schedule. Although MED can be measured using a systemic-type irradiation unit, there are difficulties associated with this device. There is no standardized device available to determine the MED for NB-UVB. Here, we compared a conventional device with a newly developed device for measuring MED. MED was measured in 16 psoriasis patients using both a conventional measuring device and the newly developed device, which comprised a hand-held NB-UVB (311-313 nm) flat-type fluorescent lamp with neutral density filters having different transmittances ranging from 10% to 90%. This device was designed to be stably maintained on the skin surface and to provide a highly accurate measurement with only one UV irradiation exposure while also preventing UV radiation from leaking to nonirradiated areas. The MED values obtained from each patient were the same using both devices. One-time irradiation using the new hand-held device with the NB-UVB flat-type fluorescent lamp is feasible and accurate for determining the MED to use in calculating the UV irradiation treatment dose.

  20. Sentinel node detection by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative gamma-probe guidance in melanoma; Nachweis des Sentinel-Lymphknotens mittels praeoperativer Lymphszintigraphie und intraoperativer Gammasondenmessung bei malignen Melanom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, H.; Wengenmair, H.; Dorn, R.; Heidenreich, P. [Zentralklinikum Augsburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Nuklearmedizin; Bachter, D. [Zentralklinikum Augsburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Dermatologie und Allergologie; Buechels, H.K. [Zentralklinikum Augsburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Allgemein- und Visceralchirurgie

    1999-08-01

    Aim: The purpose of this work was to prove the clinical significance of nuclear medical procedures in pre-and intraoperative detection of the SLN. Methods: In the past 4 years, we did preoperative lymphoscintigraphy in 214 patients (pts.). Intraoperative localisation of the SLN with a handheld gamma probe followed in 150 pts. Results: In 214 pts. 247 lymphatic draining regions were found by preoperative scintigraphy. In 3 pts. with melanoma of the cheek no lymphatics/lymphe nodes could be detected. 14 pts. showed interval lymph nodes. In 150 pts. gamma probe guided SLNE was done. In 2 pts. with supraclavicular primary tumor 4 SLN had been defined by preoperative scintigraphy but only 2 could be found intraoperatively. In all other cases (98.7%) the sentinel node was detected correctly by the gamma probe and then removed. In 19 of 150 pts. (12.7%) metastases were detected in the pathologic specimen. The incidence of lymph node metastases showed a continuous increase from 0% at tumor stage pT1 to 44% at stage pT4. Conclusion: SLNE is an accurate method to determine nodal involvement in melanoma and minimizes operative invasiveness in melanoma surgery. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist die Ueberpruefung der Wertigkeit nuklearmedizinischer Verfahren in der prae- und intraoperativen Diagnostik des Sentinel-Lymphknotens (SLN). Methoden: Bei 214 Patienten fuehrten wir waehrend der vergangenen vier Jahre die praeoperative Lymphszintigraphie und bei 150 Patienten die intraoperative Gammasondenmessung zur Lokalisationsdiagnostik des SLN durch. Ergebnisse: Es fanden sich bei 214 Patienten 247 Abflussgebiete. Bei drei Patienten konnte kein Lymphabfluss nachgewiesen werden. Es handelte sich um Melanome der Wange, zwei dieser Patienten waren voroperiert. 14 Patienten zeigten Intervall-Lymphknoten. Bei 150 Patienten erfolgte eine operative Entfernung des SLN (Sentinel-Lymphonodektomie, SLNE) mit intraoperativer Gammasondenmessung. Bei zwei Patienten mit

  1. The reliability and validity of measurements of human dental casts made by an intra-oral 3D scanner, with conventional hand-held digital callipers as the comparison measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajshekar, Mithun; Julian, Roberta; Williams, Anne-Marie; Tennant, Marc; Forrest, Alex; Walsh, Laurence J; Wilson, Gary; Blizzard, Leigh

    2017-09-01

    Intra-oral 3D scanning of dentitions has the potential to provide a fast, accurate and non-invasive method of recording dental information. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of measurements of human dental casts made using a portable intra-oral 3D scanner appropriate for field use. Two examiners each measured 84 tooth and 26 arch features of 50 sets of upper and lower human dental casts using digital hand-held callipers, and secondly using the measuring tool provided with the Zfx IntraScan intraoral 3D scanner applied to the virtual dental casts. The measurements were repeated at least one week later. Reliability and validity were quantified concurrently by calculation of intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) and standard errors of measurement (SEM). The measurements of the 110 landmark features of human dental casts made using the intra-oral 3D scanner were virtually indistinguishable from measurements of the same features made using conventional hand-held callipers. The difference of means as a percentage of the average of the measurements by each method ranged between 0.030% and 1.134%. The intermethod SEMs ranged between 0.037% and 0.535%, and the inter-method ICCs ranged between 0.904 and 0.999, for both the upper and the lower arches. The inter-rater SEMs were one-half and the intra-method/rater SEMs were one-third of the inter-method values. This study demonstrates that the Zfx IntraScan intra-oral 3D scanner with its virtual on-screen measuring tool is a reliable and valid method for measuring the key features of dental casts. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Development of a Hand Held Thromboelastograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances EN 62133:2013 Secondary cells and batteries...graphical displays to the displays created by the predicate product for the same patients. Entegrion is developing the protocols to complete this...technology are pending in Europe, Canada, Ecuador , Peru, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Hong Kong. REPORTABLE OUTCOMES

  3. PET-Probe: Evaluation of Technical Performance and Clinical Utility of a Handheld High-Energy Gamma Probe in Oncologic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulec, Seza A; Daghighian, Farhad; Essner, Richard

    2016-12-01

    Positron emission tomography (PET) has become an invaluable part of patient evaluation in surgical oncology. PET is less than optimal for detecting lesions PET-positive lesions can be challenging as a result of difficulties in surgical exposure. We undertook this investigation to assess the utility of a handheld high-energy gamma probe (PET-Probe) for intraoperative identification of 18F-deoxyglucose (FDG)-avid tumors. Forty patients underwent a diagnostic whole-body FDG-PET scan for consideration for surgical exploration and resection. Before surgery, all patients received an intravenous injection of 7 to 10 mCi of FDG. At surgery, the PET-Probe was used to determine absolute counts per second at the known tumor site(s) demonstrated by whole-body PET and at adjacent normal tissue (at least 4 cm away from tumor-bearing sites). Tumor-to-background ratios were calculated. Thirty-two patients (80%) underwent PET-Probe-guided surgery with therapeutic intent in a recurrent or metastatic disease setting. Eight patients underwent surgery for diagnostic exploration. Anatomical locations of the PET-identified lesions were neck and supraclavicular (n = 8), axilla (n = 5), groin and deep iliac (n = 4), trunk and extremity soft tissue (n = 3), abdominal and retroperitoneal (n = 19), and lung (n = 2). PET-Probe detected all PET-positive lesions. The PET-Probe was instrumental in localization of lesions in 15 patients that were not immediately apparent by surgical exploration. The PET-Probe identified all lesions demonstrated by PET scanning and, in selected cases, was useful in localizing FDG-avid disease not seen with conventional PET scanning.

  4. Combined use of preoperative 18F FDG-PET imaging and intraoperative gamma probe detection for accurate assessment of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hall Nathan C

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to combine intraoperative gamma probe (GP detection with preoperative fluorine 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography (18F FDG-PET imaging in order to improve detection of tumor recurrence in colorectal cancer (CRC patients. Methods Twenty-one patients (12 females, 9 males with a mean age of 54 years (range 31–78 were enrolled. Patients were suspected to have recurrent CRC by elevated CEA (n = 11, suspicious CT findings (n = 1, and clinically suspicious findings (n = 9. Preoperative FDG-PET scan and intraoperative GP study were performed in all patients. Mean time interval between preoperative FDG-PET scan and surgery was 16 days (range 1–41 days in 19 patients. For intraoperative GP studies, 19 patients were injected with a dose of 10–15 mCi 18F FDG at approximately 30 minutes before the planned surgery time. In two patients, the intraoperative GP study was performed immediately after preoperative FDG-PET scan. Results Preoperative FDG-PET and intraoperative GP detected 48 and 45 lesions, respectively. A total of 50 presumed site of recurrent disease from 20 patients were resected. Thirty-seven of 50 presumed sites of recurrent disease were histological-proven tumor positive and 13 of 50 presumed sites of recurrent disease were histological-proven tumor negative. When correlated with final histopathology, the number of true positive lesions and false positive lesions by preoperative FDG-PET and intraoperative GP were 31/9 and 35/8, respectively. Both preoperative FDG-PET and intraoperative GP were true positive in 29 lesions. Intraoperative GP detected additional small lesions in the omentum and pelvis which were not seen on preoperative FDG-PET scan. FDG-PET scan demonstrated additional liver metastases which were not detected by intraoperative GP. Preoperative FDG-PET detected distant metastasis in the lung in one patient. The estimated radiation dose received by a

  5. Study of the effect of using a collimator on a gamma probe in radio guided surgery; Estudo do efeito do uso de colimador na sonda gama utilizada em cirurgia radioguiada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Iran Jose Oliveira da [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Curso de Mestrado em Tecnologias Energeticas e Nucleares; Khoury, Helen Jamil [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Curso de Doutorado em Dosimetria e Instrumentacao Nuclear; Lemos, Marcia Rosana Leite de; Almeida Filho, Paulo Jose de [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Medicina Nuclear; Guimaraes, Maria Ines Calil Cury [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Curso de Doutorado em Dosimetria e Medicina Nuclear]. E-mail: i.jose@bol.com.br

    2006-11-15

    Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the performance of the Europrobe gamma probe spatial resolution in radioguided surgery. Materials And Methods: In the radio guided surgery technique, after a radiotracer injection into the primary tumor, a gamma detector probe is utilized to determine the localization of the sentinel lymph node. In order to simulate the region of the radiotracer injection the sentinel lymph node, two Tc- {sup 99m} sources, with 20.42 MBq and 0.70 MBq, were positioned in a water-filled tank. With a collimator cap attached to the probe, scans over the water surface were made. So, the count rate was measured by means of lateral displacement of the probe in relation to the both sources with distances ranging between 30 mm and 60 mm. Results: Results showed that the use of the collimator contributes to improve the spatial resolution of the probe allowing the identification of a sentinel lymph node within a distance up to 30 mm from the radiotracer injection point. Conclusion: The utilization of a collimator cap with a 3.5 mm diameter central orifice on a Europrobe gamma probe, allows the identification of a sentinel lymph node within a distance up to 30 mm from the radiotracer injection point. (author)

  6. Identification of sentinel lymph node in malignant melanoma by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative gamma probe guidance; Diagnostik des `Sentinel Lymph Node` bei malignem Melanom: praeoperative Lymphszintigraphie und intraoperative Sondenmessung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dresel, S.; Weiss, M.; Rossmueller, B.; Tatsch, K.; Hahn, K. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); Heckmann, M.; Konz, B. [Dermatologische Klinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    Aim: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) has shown to reflect the histologic features of the remainder of the lymphatic basin in patients with melanoma and is of considerable prognostic relevance. Aim of the study was to localize the SLN pre- and intraoperatively by means of lymphoscintigraphy and gamma probe guidance. Methods: 38 patients with histologically proven malignant melanoma (tumor thickness >0.75 mm) were preoperatively examined by injecting 40 MBq {sup 99m}Tc-Nanocoll intradermally around the lesion. The first lymph node identified was marked on the skin. Immediately after scintigraphy patients were referred to the operation room and intraoperatively mapped using a handheld gamma probe. Activity of the SLN and of the adjacent nodes was measured ex vivo. After excision of the SLN, the lymphatic basin was re-checked for radioactivity and activity of the SLN and of the adjacent nodes was re-measured after removal. Results: The hottest reading was found in all patients in vivo and ex vivo in the preoperatively marked lymph node. Morphologically (macroscopically, ultrasound, CT) all nodes were unsuspicious. Histologically, in 8 patients metastatic involvement of the lymph node was found which led to a wide exploration of the lymphatic basin with consecutive lymph node excision in 7 patients. Conclusion: The findings suggest that combined preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative mapping with a gamma probe is a powerful approach for exact localization of the SLN. Diagnostic detection of the SLN may have considerable impact for patient management, since extended lymph node dissection may be confined to patients presenting with positive SLN. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel: Der `sentinel lymph node` (SLN) reflektiert den Befall der nachfolgenden Lymphknoten-Stationen bei Patienten mit malignem Melanom und hat damit eine erhebliche prognostische Bedeutung. Ziel der Studie war die prae- und intraoperative Lokalisierung dieses Lymphknotens mittels Lymphszintigraphie und

  7. Lymph scintigraphy and pre- and intraoperative gamma probe measurements for localization of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) in breast cancer; Lymphszintigraphie sowie prae- und intraoperative Sondenmessung zur Darstellung des Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) beim Mammakarzinom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brenner, W.; Czech, N.; Felde, U. zum; Kampen, W.U.; Henze, E. [Kiel Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Nuklearmedizin; Ostertag, H. [Kiel Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Gynaekologie und Geburtshilfe; Klutmann, S.; Bohuslavizki, K.H. [Universitaetskrankenhaus Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany). Abt. fuer Nuklearmedizin; Luettges, J.; Sprenger, A. [Kiel Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Allgemeine und Pathologische Anatomie

    2000-05-01

    Aim of this study was to prove the clinical value of nuclear medicine procedures to detect the sentinel lymph node (SLN) for SLN biopsy. Methods: In 132 patients with breast cancer we performed lymph scintigraphy of the breast as well as both pre- and intraoperative gamma probe measurements correlating the results with the findings of histopathology. Results: SLN were detectable in 62 of 110 patients according to a sensitivity of 56% when scanning was performed only at 1-2 h p.i. while the sensitivity increased to 86% (19 of 22 pts.) if sequential images were acquired up to 2 h p.i. One or more SLN were identified by a handheld gamma probe transcutaneously prior to surgery in 96% (113 of 118 pts.) of the patients who showed up with no clinically suspected lymph node metastases. Intraoperatively, in additionally 2 patients the SLN could be found resulting in a sensitivity of 97% (115 of 118 pts.). In only 3 patients with clinically no tumor spread to axillary lymph nodes no SLN could be identified by the probe. Skip lesions, i.e. lymph node metastases in patients with tumorfree SLN, occurred in 2 cases: Due to SLN biopsy in these patients lymph node staging was false negative compared to conventional staging by means of axillary lymph node dissection. Conclusion: The results demonstrate a high preoperative detection rate of SLN in patients with breast cancer using lymph scintigraphy and gamma probe measurements. Thus, nuclear medicine is capable of providing the basic requirements for SLN biopsy in the daily routine. (orig.) [German] Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit im Vorfeld einer geplanten Multicenterstudie zur Wertigkeit der Sentinel-Lymphknoten (SLN) Biopsie war, die Zuverlaessigkeit der SLN-Detektion mit nuklearmedizinischen Methoden im klinischen Routinebetrieb zu ueberpruefen. Methoden: Bei 132 Patientinnen mit stanzbioptisch gesichertem Mammakarzinom fuehrten wir eine Lymphszintigraphie der Brust sowie eine prae- und intraoperative Gammasondenmessung durch und

  8. Estudo do efeito do uso de colimador na sonda gama utilizada em cirurgia radioguiada Study of the effect of using a collimator on a gamma probe in radioguided surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iran José Oliveira da Silva

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho consiste em estudar a influência da resolução espacial da sonda gama Europrobe que é utilizada em cirurgia radioguiada. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Na técnica de cirurgia radioguiada, após a injeção de um radiotraçador no tumor primário, é utilizada uma sonda detectora de radiação gama a fim de determinar a localização do linfonodo sentinela. Para simular a região dos pontos de injeção do radiotraçador e o linfonodo sentinela, duas fontes de Tc-99m, com 20,42 MBq e 0,70 MBq, foram posicionadas no interior de um recipiente preenchido com água. Em seguida, com a janela de entrada da sonda coberta com um colimador, realizou-se varredura sobre a superfície da água. Assim, foi possível registrar a taxa de contagens variando-se a distância lateral da sonda em relação às duas fontes, as quais foram separadas por uma distância variando entre 30 mm e 60 mm. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que o uso do colimador contribui para melhorar a resolução espacial da sonda, permitindo a identificação do linfonodo sentinela distante até 30 mm do ponto de injeção. CONCLUSÃO: Esse estudo permite concluir que a sonda Europrobe, quando utilizada com capa colimadora com orifício central de 3,5 mm de diâmetro, é capaz de identificar o linfonodo sentinela posicionado a até 30 mm de distância em relação à região do ponto de injeção do radiotraçador.OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the performance of the Europrobe gamma probe spatial resolution in radioguided surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the radioguided surgery technique, after a radiotracer injection into the primary tumor, a gamma detector probe is utilized to determine the localization of the sentinel lymph node. In order to simulate the region of the radiotracer injection the sentinel lymph node, two Tc-99m sources, with 20.42 MBq and 0.70 MBq, were positioned in a water-filled tank. With a collimator cap

  9. SAFARI 2000 Atmospheric Aerosol Measurements, Hand-held Hazemeters, Zambia

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In conjunction with the AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) participation in SAFARI 2000, the USDA Forest Service deployed handheld hazemeters in western Zambia from...

  10. SAFARI 2000 Atmospheric Aerosol Measurements, Hand-held Hazemeters, Zambia

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: In conjunction with the AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) participation in SAFARI 2000, the USDA Forest Service deployed handheld hazemeters in western...

  11. Real-Time Hand-Held Magnetometer Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Time Magnetometer Array Geometrics ix 1.3 LIST OF ACRONYMS ADC – Analog to Digital Converter AFE – Analog Front End AGC – Automatic Gain...automatically and in real time. Linear arrays of magnetometer sensors have been deployed in many scenarios in unexploded ordnance (UXO) detection. These have...past or over a target. This leads to various positioning and time changing errors, which limits the accuracy of the device. However, linear arrays

  12. Hand-Held Calculator Algorithms for Coastal Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    A. Birkemeier, and J. Richard Weggel 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT, TASK Department of the Army AREA...ENT) _____ AJEuZ 2- C ATM DEPTH f(t CitM) j(ccM) FSi Z 2 Yi 4 E N T 9-wAvE i-tc, -. U Ar DC.PTI d 14 (t oe r H (4hce i) r~ Z 5 ti~ eNFP WAEPPIj T (SEC

  13. 3D interactive topology optimization on hand-held devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nobel-Jørgensen, Morten; Aage, Niels; Christiansen, Asger Nyman

    2015-01-01

    This educational paper describes the implementation aspects, user interface design considerations and workflow potential of the recently published TopOpt 3D App. The app solves the standard minimum compliance problem in 3D and allows the user to change design settings interactively at any point...... in time during the optimization. Apart from its educational nature, the app may point towards future ways of performing industrial design. Instead of the usual geometrize, then model and optimize approach, the geometry now automatically adapts to the varying boundary and loading conditions. The app...... is freely available for iOS at Apple’s App Store and at http://www.topopt.dtu.dk/TopOpt3Dfor Windows and OSX....

  14. Hand held sample tube manipulator, system and method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Donald V [Liberty Township, OH; Smith, Deborah L [Liberty Township, OH; Severance, Richard A [late of Columbus, OH

    2001-01-01

    A manipulator apparatus, system and method for measuring analytes present in sample tubes. The manipulator apparatus includes a housing having a central bore with an inlet end and outlet end; a plunger mechanism with at least a portion thereof slideably disposed for reciprocal movement within the central bore, the plunger mechanism having a tubular gas channel with an inlet end and an outlet end, the gas channel inlet end disposed in the same direction as said inlet end of the central bore, wherein the inlet end of said plunger mechanism is adapted for movement so as to expel a sample tube inserted in the bore at the outlet end of the housing, the inlet end of the plunger mechanism is adapted for connection to gas supply; a first seal is disposed in the housing for sealing between the central bore and the plunger mechanism; a second seal is disposed at the outlet end of the housing for sealing between the central bore and a sample tube; a holder mounted on the housing for holding the sample tube; and a biasing mechanism for returning the plunger mechanism to a starting position.

  15. Absorption Related to Hand-Held Devices in Data Mode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Bach; Nielsen, Jesper Ødum; Pedersen, Gert F.

    2016-01-01

    The human body has an influence on the radiation from handheld devices like smartphones, tablets and laptops, part of the energy is absorbed and the spatial distribution of the radiated part is modified. Previous studies of whole body absorp- tion have mainly been numerical or related to talk mode....... In the present paper an experimental study involving four volunteers and three different devices is performed from 0.5 to 3 GHz. The devices are a laptop, a tablet, and a smartphone all held in the lap. The 3D distribution of radiation is measured. Comparing the integrated power in the case of a person present...

  16. Testing of Hand-Held Mine Detection Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-08

    samples, chemically and physically well characterized, typically have well defined electromagnetic (EM) properties (electrical permittivity and...Radiated Emissions - Radiated Susceptibility - Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance (HERO) - Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Fuel ...I-2 APPENDIX I. ABBREVIATIONS. HEMP High altitude electromagnetic pulse HERF Hazards of Electromagnetic Radiation to Fuel HERO Hazards of

  17. Development of a hand-held fast neutron survey meter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, T; Tsujimura, N; Yamano, T

    2011-07-01

    A neutron survey meter with a ZnS(Ag) scintillator to measure recoil protons was built. The detection probe weighs ~2 kg, therefore providing us with true portability. Performance tests exhibited satisfactory neutron dosimetry characteristics in unmoderated or lightly moderated fission neutron fields and in particular work environments at a mixed oxide fuel facility. This new survey meter will augment a routine of neutron monitoring that is inconveniently being carried out by moderator-based neutron survey meters.

  18. Use of the gamma probe and of 99mTc-DMSA (V) in the identification of the neck recurrence of medullary carcinoma thyroid; Uso do gama probe e do 99mTc-DMSA (V) na identificacao de recorrencias cervicais de carcinoma medular de tireoide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Rosana Leite de; Kowalski, Luiz P.; Ubrich, Fabio F. [Hospital do Cancer A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Dept. de Cirurgia de Cabeca e Pescoco e Otorrinolaringologia; Lima, Eduardo N. Pereira; Torres, Ivone C.G. [Hospital do Cancer A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa. Dept. de Medicina Nuclear

    2003-03-01

    Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, a malignant neoplasm of para follicular C cells, represent about 5-10% of thyroid tumors. The symptoms are related to local invasion and hormonal secretion. The clinical course is variable, from indolent cases to extremely aggressive. Many radionuclide imaging have been described to locate metastasis of medullary cancer. Tl-201 and Tc-99m (V)DMS A showed to be useful in the evaluation o persistent elevated serum calcitonin levels. On the other hand, the use of the 131 I-Mibg, that is the isotope more used, has not been demonstrating efficiency in identifying metastasis. Our objective is to report a case of a patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma in which the follow-up use DMS A(V) demonstrated a recurrence no identified for other methods. A 34-year-old man had a diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma and has submitted a total thyroidectomy and neck lymph node dissection. He presented elevated serum calcitonin levels and DMS A(V) scintigraphy demonstrated focal area of pathologic uptake at the medline of the neck, but the surgical exploration was negative. He persisted with high calcitonin levels and it was used a new DMS A(V). On this occasion he was submitted to the radio-guided surgery that located the recurrence and it was confirmed with anatomo-pathologic exam. This case allowed to demonstrate that the use of radionuclide associated to the gamma-probe is promising, allowing a precise surgical approach. (author)

  19. Study of Hand-Held Fire Extinguishers Aboard Civil Aviation Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    cyanide (HCN), oxides of nitrogen (NO ), ammonia ( NH3 ), hydrogen suifide (H 2S), phosgene (COC12 ), and many other compounds. * . "From fires in...that the effective volume is up to 300 times that of the stored volume. Foam is an effective scrubber for fumes and smoke. Foam blankets over

  20. An Evaluation of the Feasibility of Using Hand-Held Computers for Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-30

    Sinclair Microvision Flat TV. The lack of graphics is a considerable constraint on myriad teaching applications. Printer graphics are sometimes helpful, but...US Ofie: 50 Stanifo,’ Sirec-, Bcjs!or MassachuseMl MAC2󈧒 US4 Telephone 16171 742 4826 Photo shows a model of the Sinclair Microvision flat Screen...pocket TV which will be available during 1982. Designed to retail at around E50 the Microvision incoroorates an F:1 radio and will be able to receive

  1. Feasibility of using a hand-held device to characterize tendon tissue biomechanics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahand Sohirad

    Full Text Available To examine the feasibility of using the MyotonPRO digital palpation device in measuring the transverse stiffness of tendon tissue.Experimental study.The MyotonPRO was used to measure the stiffness and related properties of ballistics gel in comparison with an external materials testing system (PCB electronics. The device was then used to measure the same properties of avian Achilles tendons before and after the removal of the overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue. Next, the test-retest reliability of the Achilles and patellar tendons was determined in humans. Finally, the stiffness of the Achilles tendon was measured before and after competitive running races of varying distances (10, 21 and 42 km, total number of athletes analyzed = 66.The MyotonPRO demonstrated a high degree of consistency when testing ballistics gel with known viscoelastic properties. The presence of skin overlying the avian Achilles tendon had a statistically significant impact on stiffness (p<0.01 although this impact was of very small absolute magnitude (with skin; 728 Nm ±17 Nm, without skin; Nm 704 Nm ±7 Nm. In healthy adults of normal body mass index (BMI, the reliability of stiffness values was excellent both for the patellar tendon (ICC, 0.96 and the Achilles tendon (ICC,0.96. In the the field study, men had stiffer tendons than women (p<0.05, and the stiffness of the Achilles tendon tended to increase following running (p = 0.052.The MyotonPRO can reliably determine the transverse mechanical properties of tendon tissue. The measured values are influenced by the presence of overlying skin, however this does not appear to compromise the ability of the device to record physiologically and clinically relevant measurements.

  2. Performance evaluation of a hand-held, semiconductor (CdZnTe)-based gamma camera

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, A; Lee, J; Oka, T; Shizukuishi, K; Kikuchi, T; Inoue, T; Jimbo, M; Ryuo, H; Bickel, C

    2003-01-01

    We have designed and developed a small field of view gamma camera, the eZ SCOPE, based on use of a CdZnTe semiconductor. This device utilises proprietary signal processing technology and an interface to a computer-based imaging system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the eZ scope in comparison with currently employed gamma camera technology. The detector is a single wafer of 5-mm-thick CdZnTe that is divided into a 16 x 16 array (256 pixels). The sensitive area of the detector is a square of dimension 3.2 cm. Two parallel-hole collimators are provided with the system and have a matching (256 hole) pattern to the CdZnTe detector array: a low-energy, high-resolution parallel-hole (LEHR) collimator fabricated of lead and a low-energy, high-sensitivity parallel-hole (LEHS) collimator fabricated of tungsten. Performance measurements and the data analysis were done according to the procedures of the NEMA standard. We also studied the long-term stability of the system with continuous use...

  3. Real-time Identification System using Mobile Hand-held Devices: Mobile Biometrics Evaluation Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    operation Real-time searches against large databases (e.g. 10m irises ) are possible with modest CPU loads Acquisition of iris image requires more...reliance on proprietary data formats – is a non-issue in most modern iris recognition systems. 3.1.4 Multiple biometrics Multiple biometric solutions...and civil use, allowing for use in face, finger, and iris deployments. Although a handful of vendors are capable of implementing multiple biometric

  4. Hand-held, mechanically cooled, radiation detection system for gamma-ray spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Morgan Thomas; Eckels, Joel Del

    2010-06-08

    In one embodiment, a radiation detection system is provided including a radiation detector and a first enclosure encapsulating the radiation detector, the first enclosure including a low-emissivity infra-red (IR) reflective coating used to thermally isolate the radiation detector. Additionally, a second enclosure encapsulating the first enclosure is included, the first enclosure being suspension mounted to the second enclosure. Further, a cooler capable of cooling the radiation detector is included. Still yet, a first cooling interface positioned on the second enclosure is included for coupling the cooler and the first enclosure. Furthermore, a second cooling interface positioned on the second enclosure and capable of coupling the first enclosure to a cooler separate from the radiation detection system is included. Other embodiments are also presented.

  5. 75 FR 27504 - Substantial Product Hazard List: Hand-Held Hair Dryers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... year. In 1990, the National Electrical Code (NEC) (Article 422-24, 1990 edition) instituted... standard. 15 U.S.C. 2064(j). Underwriters Laboratories (``UL'') Standard for Safety for Household Electric... protection provisions have been in effect since 1991. UL Standard for Safety for Commercial Electric Personal...

  6. Physician Use of Hand-Held Computers for Drug Information and Prescribing

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Galt, Kimberly A; Siracuse, Mark V; Rule, Ann M; Clark, Bartholomew E; Taylor, Wendy

    2005-01-01

    ...) by primary care physicians for drug information access and prescribing. The instrument studied addressed human factor limitations, attitudes toward learning to use the PDA, and fear of losing either confidential information or the PDA itself...

  7. Motorists' use of hand held cell phones in New Zealand: an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Michael

    2006-07-01

    Unlike many similar countries, New Zealand has no specific legislation restricting the use of cell phones in vehicles. Several factors suggest that legislation may be introduced in the near future. This study provided a benchmark for current cell phone use among motorists. A total of 8,700 drivers of cars were observed for cell phone use as they passed a fixed location in Auckland. Cell phone use was double that of an Australian city, where cell phones are banned. Use of a cell phone while driving was similarly likely in male and female drivers.

  8. Development of hand-held nondestructive detection device for assessing meat freshness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Wensong; Peng, Yankun; Qiao, Lu

    2016-05-01

    Meat freshness is directly related to the health of consumers, and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) content is an important reference index for evaluating pork freshness. This paper attempted to measure TVB-N content for assessing pork meat freshness using a new self-developed portable and low cost detection device designed by ourselves basing on near infrared technique. The front-end part of this device was an integrated detection component containing a mini probe which was about 5cm in diameter circle. In the signal acquiring component, silicon photodiode detector was embedded in the center of light source in probe and spectral response range was 400-1100nm to receive diffuse light from pork meat surface in mini probe. The main circuits in this device included stabilized current supply circuit which was used to provide a stable power supply for each LED light source in probe and signal processing circuit which was utilized to complete signal amplification and A/D conversion, In addition, another vital function of the signal processing circuit was to analysis detection signals from mini probe in the detection component. For verifying this device performance, 58 pork samples with different freshness attributes and Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) mathematical method and ratio data processing algorithm were employed to build pork TVB-N content prediction model, and comparing with results from raw data model, the correlation coefficient of prediction and validation of TVB-N were 0.8027 and 0.7291 respectively, and the accuracy of predicting pork freshness was about 78.6%. This work demonstrates that it has the potential in nondestructive detection of TVB-N content in pork meat using this device, which can simplify related instruments design structure and reduce their development cost in future.

  9. Measurement of Visual Reaction Times Using Hand-held Mobile Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulligan, Jeffrey B.; Arsintescu, Lucia; Flynn-Evans, Erin

    2015-01-01

    Modern mobile devices provide a convenient platform for collecting research data in the field. But,because the working of these devices is often cloaked behind multiple layers of proprietary system software, it can bedifficult to assess the accuracy of the data they produce, particularly in the case of timing. We have been collecting datain a simple visual reaction time experiment, as part of a fatigue testing protocol known as the Psychomotor Vigilance Test (PVT). In this protocol, subjects run a 5-minute block consisting of a sequence of trials in which a visual stimulus appears after an unpredictable variable delay. The subject is required to tap the screen as soon as possible after the appearance of the stimulus. In order to validate the reaction times reported by our program, we had subjects perform the task while a high-speed video camera recorded both the display screen, and a side view of the finger (observed in a mirror). Simple image-processing methods were applied to determine the frames in which the stimulus appeared and disappeared, and in which the finger made and broke contact with the screen. The results demonstrate a systematic delay between the initial contact by the finger and the detection of the touch by the software, having a value of 80 +- 20 milliseconds.

  10. Edgewood Biosensors Test Bed Hand-held and Man-Portable Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    performance  in an  International Organization for Standardization  ( ISO )  17025 ‐compliant laboratory and in operationally relevant real‐world settings...evaluated systems  in  both  an  ISO   17025   accredited  laboratory  setting  with  highly  skilled  scientists  as  well  as  in  a  field  environment...Candidate  technologies  were  evaluated  for  their  ability  to  detect  known  samples  in  an  ISO   17025   compliant  laboratory at ECBC  in order

  11. Evaluation of hand-held ion-mobility explosives vapor detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burrows, T.A.; Thoma, P.J.

    1979-12-01

    Two types of ion-mobility detectors were evaluated in both laboratory and field tests. Laboratory test results show that these detectors are highly sensitive to dynamite and pistol powder and have good false-alarm agent rejection. Field tests of these two detectors revealed that they would detect dynamite and Ball-C-Propellent in free air. However, neither of the ion-mobility detectors would detect these explosives if the explosives were concealed.

  12. 75 FR 32803 - Notice of Issuance of Final Determination Concerning a GTX Mobile+ Hand Held Computer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... asset tracking, meter reading and mobile ticketing across a variety of industries. The approximate.... Government procurement? Law and Analysis: Pursuant to Subpart B of Part 177, 19 CFR 177.21 et seq., which... worker skill required during the actual manufacturing process will be considered when analyzing whether a...

  13. Clinical assessment of hip strength using a hand-held dynamometer is reliable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, K; Petersen, J; Magnusson, S P

    2010-01-01

    Hip strength assessment plays an important role in the clinical examination of the hip and groin region. The primary aim of this study was to examine the absolute test-retest measurement variation concerning standardized strength assessments of hip abduction (ABD), adduction (ADD), external...

  14. Appearance based Key-Shot Selection for a Hand Held Camera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alefs, B.G.; Dijk, J.

    2009-01-01

    Automatic selection of key-shots is an important step for video data processing. Depending on the purpose, key-shot selection provides user feed back on recorded data, storage reduction and viewpoint selection and it can be used for panoramic image stitching and 3D-reconstruction. In particular,

  15. Preoperative distraction in children: hand-held videogames vs clown therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Messina

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety in children undergoing surgery is characterized by feelings of tension, apprehension, nervousness and fear which may manifest differently. Postoperative behavioural changes such as nocturnal enuresis, feeding disorders, apathy, and sleep disturbances may stem from postoperative anxiety. Some Authors pointed out that over 60% of children undergoing surgery are prone to developing behavioural alterations 2 weeks after surgery. Variables such as age, temperament and anxiety both in children and parents are considered predictors of such changes.1 Studies were published describing how psycho-behavioural interventions based on play, learning and entertainment in preparing children for surgery, may reduce preoperative anxiety. Clown-therapy is applied in the most important paediatric facilities and has proved to diminish children’s emotional distress and sufferance, as well as consumption of both analgesics and sedatives and to facilitate the achievement of therapeutic goals. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of clown-therapy during the child’s hospital stay, with a view to optimizing treatment and care, preventing behavioural alterations and enhancing the child’s overall life quality.

  16. Comparison of the Retinomax hand-held autorefractor versus table-top autorefractor and retinoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Tuncer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To compare noncycloplegic and cycloplegic results of Retinomax measurements with findings achieved after cycloplegia using table-top autorefractor and retinoscopy.METHODS: The study included 127 patients (mean age 96.7mo, range 21 to 221. Retinomax (Rmax (Nikon Inc., Japan was used to obtain noncycloplegic refraction. Under cycloplegia, refraction was measured with Rmax, table-top autorefractor (TTR (Nikon NRK 8000, Inc., Japan and retinoscopy. The values of sphere, spherical equivalent, cylinder and axis of cylinder were recorded for Rmax, TTR and retinoscopy in each eye. All results were analyzed statistically.RESULTS: The mean spheric values (SV, spherical equivalent values (SEV and cylindrical values (CV of the noncycloplegic Rmax (SV:0.64 D, SEV:0.65 D and CV:0.03 D, respectively were found to be significantly lower than cycloplegic TTR (1.43 D, 1.38 D and 0.3 D; P=0.012, P=0.011 and P=0.04, respectively and retinoscopy (1.34 D, 1.45 D and 0.23 D; P=0.04, P=0.002 and P=0.045, respectively. Mean cycloplegic SV, SEV, CV were not significantly different between Rmax and TTR, Rmax and retinoscopy, TTR and retinoscopy. Cycloplegic or noncycloplegic axis values were not different between any method.CONCLUSION: Rmax may be used successfully as a screening tool but may not be accurate enough for actual spectacle prescription. Cycloplegic Rmax measurements may be able to identify refractive error in children because of approximate results to retinoscopy.

  17. Performance evaluation of a hand-held, semiconductor (CdZnTe)-based gamma camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Aya; Takahashi, Nobukazu; Lee, Jin; Oka, Takashi; Shizukuishi, Kazuya; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Inoue, Tomio; Jimbo, Masao; Ryuo, Hideki; Bickel, Chris

    2003-06-01

    We have designed and developed a small field of view gamma camera, the eZ SCOPE, based on use of a CdZnTe semiconductor. This device utilises proprietary signal processing technology and an interface to a computer-based imaging system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the eZ scope in comparison with currently employed gamma camera technology. The detector is a single wafer of 5-mm-thick CdZnTe that is divided into a 16x16 array (256 pixels). The sensitive area of the detector is a square of dimension 3.2 cm. Two parallel-hole collimators are provided with the system and have a matching (256 hole) pattern to the CdZnTe detector array: a low-energy, high-resolution parallel-hole (LEHR) collimator fabricated of lead and a low-energy, high-sensitivity parallel-hole (LEHS) collimator fabricated of tungsten. Performance measurements and the data analysis were done according to the procedures of the NEMA standard. We also studied the long-term stability of the system with continuous use and variations in ambient temperature. Results were as follows. INTRINSIC ENERGY RESOLUTION: 8.6% FWHM at 141 keV.LINEARITY: There was excellent linearity between the observed photopeaks and the known gamma ray energies for the given isotopes. INTRINSIC SYSTEM UNIFORMITY: For the central field of view, the integral uniformity and the differential uniformity were, respectively, 1.6% and 1.3% with the LEHR collimator and 1.9% and 1.2% with the LEHS collimator. SYSTEM SPATIAL RESOLUTION: The FWHM measurements made at the surface of the collimator were 2.2 mm (LEHR) and 2.9 mm (LEHS).CONTRAST TEST: The average S/N ratios (i.e. counts in the irradiated pixel divided by counts in the surrounding pixels) for the inner ring pixels (8)/outer ring pixels (16) using the LEHS collimator and LEHR collimator were 3.2%/0.2% and 3.7%/0.3%, respectively. COUNT RATE CHARACTERISTICS: We could not determine the maximum count rate and the 20% loss count rate from these data because the plateau was not reached while using the solutions measured. SYSTEM SENSITIVITY: The average acquisitions were 11,052 cpm/MBq (LEHR) and 28,590 cpm/MBq (LEHS). TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE: The system displayed minimum corresponding shift in cps with temperature changes in the measured temperature range. We designed and developed a semiconductor-based gamma camera using CdZnTe. The basic performance of this camera compares favourably with the existing gamma camera technology that is deployed in the medical field today. The most significant differences include the spatial resolution, sensitivity, high count rate characteristics and energy resolution. We believe that this device will be of value for a number of clinical applications including sentinel node detection and radiopharmaceutical-guided surgery.

  18. Using High-Resolution Hand-Held Radiometers To Measure In-Situ Thermal Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burch, Douglas M.; Krintz, Donald F.

    1984-03-01

    A field study was carried out to investigate the accuracy of using high-resolution radiometers to determine the in situ thermal resistance of building components having conventional residential construction. Two different types of radiometers were used to determine the thermal resistances of the walls of six test buildings located at the National Bureau of Standards. These radiometer thermal resistance measurements were compared to reference thermal resistance values determined from steady-state series resistance predictions, time-averaged heat-flow-sensor measurements, and guarded-hot-box measurements. When measurements were carried out 5 hours after sunset when the outdoor temperature was relatively steady and the heating plant was operated in a typical cyclic fashion, the following results were obtained: for lightweight wood-frame cavity walls, the radiometer procedures were found to distinguish wall thermal resistance 4.4 h.ft2- °F/Btu (0.77 m2•K/W) systematically higher than corresponding reference values. Such a discrimination will per-mit insulated and uninsulated walls to be distinguished. However, in the case of walls having large heat capacity (e.g., masonry and log), thermal storage effects produced large time lags between the outdoor diurnal temperature variation and the heat-flow response at the inside surface. This phenomenon caused radiometer thermal resistances to deviate substantially from corresponding reference values. This study recommends that the ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 101-1981 be modified requiring the heating plant to be operated in a typical cyclic fashion instead of being turned off prior to and during radiometer measurements.

  19. Use of Electronic Hand-held Devices for Collection of Savannah River Site Environmental Data - 13329

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marberry, Hugh [SRNS Savannah River Site 730-4B Room 3043 Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Moore, Winston [SRNS Savannah River Site 735B Room 116 Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Savannah River Nuclear Solutions has begun using Xplore Tablet PC's to collect data in the field for soil samples, groundwater samples, air samples and round sheets at the Savannah River Site (SRS). EPA guidelines for groundwater sampling are incorporated into the application to ensure the sample technician follows the proper protocol. The sample technician is guided through the process for sampling and round sheet data collection by a series of menus and input boxes. Field measurements and well stabilization information are entered into the tablet for uploading into Environmental Restoration Data Management System (ERDMS). The process helps to eliminate input errors and provides data integrity. A soil sample technician has the ability to collect information about location of sample, field parameter, describe the soil sample, print bottle labels, and print chain of custody for the sample that they have collected. An air sample technician has the ability to provide flow, pressure, hours of operation, print bottle labels and chain of custody for samples they collect. Round sheets are collected using the information provided in the various procedures. The data are collected and uploaded into ERDMS. The equipment used is weather proof and hardened for the field use. Global Positioning System (GPS) capabilities are integrated into the applications to provide the location where samples were collected and to help sample technicians locate wells that are not visited often. (authors)

  20. Hand-held computers in healthcare: what software programs are available?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillingham, Wayne; Holt, Alec; Gillies, John

    2002-09-27

    The technology sector of healthcare is entering a new evolutionary phase. The medical community has an obligation to the public to provide the safest, most effective healthcare possible. This is more achievable with the use of computer technology at the point of care, and small, portable devices could fulfil this role. A PriceWaterhouse Coopers 2001 survey on information technology in physician practices found that 60% of respondents say that physicians in their organisation use personal digital assistants (PDAs), compared with 26% in the 2000 technology survey. This trend is expected to continue to the point where these devices will have their position on a physician s desk next to the stethoscope. Once this electronic evolution occurs, doctors will be able to practice medicine with greater ease and safety. In our opinion, the new generation of PDA mobile devices will be the tools to enable a transformation of healthcare to a paperless, wireless world. This article focuses on uses of PDAs in healthcare, whether by the registrar, consultant, nurse, student, teacher, patient, medical or surgical director. Current PDA healthcare software is categorised and discussed in the following five groups: 1) reference/text book; 2) calculator; 3) patient management/logbook; 4) personal clinical/study notebook; 5) utility software.

  1. Preoperative distraction in children: hand-held videogames vs clown therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messina, M; Molinaro, F; Meucci, D; Angotti, R; Giuntini, L; Cerchia, E; Bulotta, A L; Brandigi, E

    2014-12-30

    Anxiety in children undergoing surgery is characterized by feelings of tension, apprehension, nervousness and fear which may manifest differently. Postoperative behavioural changes such as nocturnal enuresis, feeding disorders, apathy, and sleep disturbances may stem from postoperative anxiety. Some Authors pointed out that over 60% of children undergoing surgery are prone to developing behavioural alterations 2 weeks after surgery. Variables such as age, temperament and anxiety both in children and parents are considered predictors of such changes.1 Studies were published describing how psycho-behavioural interventions based on play, learning and entertainment in preparing children for surgery, may reduce preoperative anxiety. Clown-therapy is applied in the most important paediatric facilities and has proved to diminish children's emotional distress and sufferance, as well as consumption of both analgesics and sedatives and to facilitate the achievement of therapeutic goals. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of clown-therapy during the child's hospital stay, with a view to optimizing treatment and care, preventing behavioural alterations and enhancing the child's overall life quality.

  2. Feasibility of a Hand-Held Integrating Dosimeter Using a Cadmium Telluride Detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-26

    and photons (in the X-ray and gamma ray energy span). Electronic dosimeters developed for nuclear reactor appli- cations are not satisfactory for...also be added the man-made component due to any nuclear reactors or thermoelectric generators on board the spacecraft. In all cases found in the open...no [with flat (with linear (ft) (R/hr) extrap .] extrap .] extrap .] 19 0.0012 0.00338 0.00451 0.00585 13 0.0026 0.00698 0.00924 0.0121 9 0.0055 0.0148

  3. The Rosetta phone: a hand-held device for automatic translation of signs in natural images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafri, Syed Ali Raza; Mikkilineni, Aravind K.; Boutin, Mireille; Delp, Edward J.

    2008-02-01

    When traveling in a region where the local language is not written using the Roman alphabet, translating written text (e.g., documents, road signs, or placards) is a particularly difficult problem since the text cannot be easily entered into a translation device or searched using a dictionary. To address this problem, we are developing the "Rosetta Phone," a handheld device (e.g., PDA or mobile telephone) capable of acquiring a picture of the text, identifying the text within the image, and producing both an audible and a visual English interpretation of the text. We started with English, as a developement language, for which we achieved close to 100% accuracy in identifying and reading text. We then modified the system to be able to read and translate words written using the Arabic character set. We currently achieve approximately 95% accuracy in reading words from a small directory of town names.

  4. Panasonic HR-1800 Hand-Held Computer Solutions to Composite Materials Formulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    TR-83-4093 PROGRAM LISTING (Cont’d) I, : E-6 :PE*u3 D RINT 3 =U4---4*U3 gtr -BINf X𔃾)=U5-C4§U3 GS fQ :T SEXT *lJ 3 54A@ ;OSUB 6)i6’S2*U2J ,’-54 PLA... SEXT * 3’E6 ":W=X(ue) E:=E1*A(1i:E2:- * * :628800)E=6. ~.-- (33B4*A~ )2A QPmI 5 39 a@ G$=" T r4EH 310 1APUT p~~4 ~2’ -;C SUB 3800 ŗUCK!:4G (T’...u (?00

  5. Environmentally Sustainable Yellow Smoke Formulations for Use in the M194 Hand Held Signal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-10

    airborne. As the assembly reaches its apex (an average height of ~725 feet), the burning of the delay element (5-6 seconds) then ignites an...presently used in M18 smoke grenade production. 4 Inhalation studies of SY33 as a smoke dye indicate that this compound is cleared from the lungs very

  6. Hand held analog television over WiMAX executed in SW

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iancu, D.; Ye, H.; Senthilvelan, M.; Kotlyar, V.; Glossner, J.; Moudgill, M.; Agrawal, S.; Jinturkar, S.; Iancu, A.; Ramadurai, V.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes a device capable of performing the following tasks: it samples and decodes the composite video analog TV signal, it encodes the resulting RGB data into a MPEG-4 stream and sends it over a WiMAX link. On the other end of the link a similar device receives the WiMAX signal, in

  7. A hand-held row-column addressed CMUT probe with integrated electronics for volumetric imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engholm, Mathias; Christiansen, Thomas Lehrmann; Beers, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    A 3 MHz, λ / 2-pitch 62+62 channel row-column addressed 2-D CMUT array designed to be mounted in a probe handle and connected to a commercial BK Medical scanner for real-time volumetric imaging is presented. It is mounted and wire-bonded on a flexible PCB, which is connected to two rigid PCBs...... coaxial cable that connects it to the ultrasound scanner, which supplies the probe with a 190 V DC bias voltage and up to ±75V AC excitation voltage. The probe was successfully connected to a BK3000 scanner and used as two decoupled 1-D phased arrays. Volumetric imaging was demonstrated using...

  8. Inter- and intrarater reliability of goniometry and hand held dynamometry for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fieseler, Georg; Laudner, Kevin G; Irlenbusch, Lars; Meyer, Henrike; Schulze, Stephan; Delank, Karl-Stefan; Hermassi, Souhail; Bartels, Thomas; Schwesig, René

    2017-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the intra- and interrater reliability of measuring shoulder range of motion (ROM) and strength among patients diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Twenty-five patients (14 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.84 years) diagnosed with SAIS were assessed to determine the intrarater reliability for glenohumeral ROM. Twenty-five patients (16 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.80 years) and 76 asymptomatic volunteers (52 female volunteers; mean age, 29.4± 14.1 years) were assessed for interrater reliability. Dependent variables were active shoulder ROM and isometric strength. Intrarater reliability was fair-to-excellent for the SAIS patients (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], 0.52-0.97; standard error of measurement [SEM], 4.4°-9.9° N; coefficient of variation [CV], 7.1%-44.9%). Based on the ICC, 11 of 12 parameters (92%) displayed an excellent reliability (ICC> 0.75). The interrater reliability showed fair-to-excellent results (SAIS patients: ICC, 0.13-0.98; SEM, 2.3°-8.8°; CV, 3.6%-37.0%; controls: ICC, 0.11-0.96; SEM, 3.0°-35.4°; CV, 5.6%-26.4%). In accordance with the intrarater reliability, glenohumeral adduction ROM was the only parameter with an ICC below 0.75 for both samples. Painful shoulder ROM in the SAIS patients showed no influence on the quality of reliability for measurement. Therefore, these protocols should be considered reliable assessment techniques in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of painful shoulder conditions such as SAIS.

  9. Hand-Held and Portable Devices for Oil Assessment: Commercial Technologies for Maintenance Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-05

    Lubricity loss Non-Newtonian dysfunction PPrimarily a result of rheological changes PProperties: viscosity, goniometry , and tensiometry PTime-dependent...JOAP TSC Ease Selection factors for measurment types What are the easiest/cheapest properties to measure reliably (accurately, precisely) when using

  10. Microgravity Cell Counter: A Simple Hand-held Low-cost Device for In-flight WBC/Differential Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Spaceflight results in adverse health effects on the human body.   These effects may result in increased clinical risk to crewmembers participating in...

  11. A Review of the Quantification and Classification of Pigmented Skin Lesions: From Dedicated to Hand-Held Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filho, Mercedes; Ma, Zhen; Tavares, João Manuel R S

    2015-11-01

    In recent years, the incidence of skin cancer cases has risen, worldwide, mainly due to the prolonged exposure to harmful ultraviolet radiation. Concurrently, the computer-assisted medical diagnosis of skin cancer has undergone major advances, through an improvement in the instrument and detection technology, and the development of algorithms to process the information. Moreover, because there has been an increased need to store medical data, for monitoring, comparative and assisted-learning purposes, algorithms for data processing and storage have also become more efficient in handling the increase of data. In addition, the potential use of common mobile devices to register high-resolution images of skin lesions has also fueled the need to create real-time processing algorithms that may provide a likelihood for the development of malignancy. This last possibility allows even non-specialists to monitor and follow-up suspected skin cancer cases. In this review, we present the major steps in the pre-processing, processing and post-processing of skin lesion images, with a particular emphasis on the quantification and classification of pigmented skin lesions. We further review and outline the future challenges for the creation of minimum-feature, automated and real-time algorithms for the detection of skin cancer from images acquired via common mobile devices.

  12. Prototype Scale Development of an Environmentally Benign Yellow Smoke Hand-Held Signal Formulation Based on Solvent Yellow 33

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ammunition , signal flares, and training simulators contain once popular chemicals that are now scrutinized by environmental regulators.1−4 In order to...for each formulation. The top and inner core surfaces of each pellet were coated with a thin layer of thermite -based igniter slurry (composed of 33.0

  13. The influence of hand-held information and communication technology on visitor perceptions of risk and risk-related behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steven R. Martin; Kristen Pope

    2012-01-01

    As devices like personal locator beacons become more readily available, more visitors may bring them into wilderness and use them to request rescues and may develop unrealistic expectations of rescue. In an exploratory study in 2009, 235 overnight visitors to the King Range Wilderness in California completed a written survey. Of the respondents, 40 percent considered...

  14. Human Effectiveness and Risk Characterization of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) and Pelargonic Acid Vanillylamide (PAVA or Nonivamide) Hand-Held Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    and calcium from the activation of the “vanilloid receptor” also leads to rapid cellular damage and eventual cell death by osmosis and calcium... osmosis and calcium-dependent proteases. Capsaicin-induced acute biological effects are due to the release of bioactive substances (substance P...zero. Examples of such foods include “tuna salad,” “sausage cooked with peppers,” and “ potato salad.” c. If the food indicated that it was “hot” such

  15. Hand-Held EMI Sensor Combined with Inertial Positioning for Cued UXO Discrimination - APG Standardized UXO Test Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    each flag location, the system was swept side-to-side to cover an area comparable to the wooden template previously used with the TEM-HH. 5.2 SITE...batteries, and a wireless tablet computer to control the system. The SAINT system consists of an embedded acquisition computer and an IMU contained...TEM-HH acquisition from the wireless tablet computer. Because there was no synchronization between the two systems, the operator’s would start them

  16. AUGMENTED REALITY APPLICATIONS IN HAND-HELD DEVICES IN THE LIGHT OF BAUDRILLARD’S “SIMULACRA AND SIMULATION”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erandaru Erandaru

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Baudrillard merupakan salah satu tokoh dalam filsafat postmodern yang mengkritik kehadiran media dunia maya dalam budaya hidup manusia saat ini. Baudrillard melontarkan pendapat bahwa interaksi manusia dengan media tersebut tidak membawa manfaat. Lebih jauh lagi dia mengkhawatirkan bahwa masyarakat dapat menjadi obyek bagi media. kemampuan media tersebut untuk membentuk dunia impian yang dapat menarik masyarakat untuk semakin menjauh dari kehidupan nyata. Perkembangan terakhir dalam teknologi virtual telah memungkinkan kehadirannya secara luas di pasar dan dalam jangkaun daya beli konsumen melalui aplikasi augmented reality. Aplikasi dengan konsep untuk memungkinkan pengguna melihat dunia maya terintegrasi ke dalam dunia nyata. Suatu pendekatan yang berbeda dibandingkan dengan aplikasi yang menggunakan teknologi virtual reality pada umumnya yang berusaha untuk menghadirkan pengguna ke dalam dunia maya. Bukannya semakin menarik pengguna menjauh dari dunia nyata, aplikasi augmented reality justru semakin menarik pengguna untuk berinteraksi dengan dunia nyata. Walaupun masih terlalu dini untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh dampak teknologi augmented reality bagi masyarakat, pemahaman terhadap kritik yang dilontarkan oleh Baudrillard setidaknya mampu memberikan wawasan bagi pelaku desain media dalam memanfaatkan teknologi augmented reality dan menerapkannya sedemikian hingga membantu dalam meningkatkan wawasan dan kepedulian masyarakat terhadap dunia nyata. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Baudrillard is one of postmodernist theorists that criticize the unreality of the culture which we live in. He suggests that human interactions with virtual reality media and unreal technologies, achieve nothing; He even fears that society will fall prey to these media subjectivity. The virtual reality media capability to produce simulated reality could mislead society into voluntary detachment with the real world. The latest development in virtual technology has made it available within the consumer market in the form of augmented reality application. An application based on a concept that merges virtual data within the physical environment, a different approach compared to common virtual reality technology where user is immersed within a virtual environment. Instead of detachment, augmented reality offers attachment with reality. While it is still too early to study augmented reality technology’s impact on society, a study on Baudrillard’s critiques will nevertheless gives a valuable insight on how designers could make use of augmented reality technology to shape society with a sense of consciousness of the real world. Keywords: Baudrillard, augmented reality applications.

  17. Analysis of Performance Resulting from the Design of Selected Hand-Held Input Control Devices and Visual Displays

    OpenAIRE

    Spencer, Ronald Allen

    2000-01-01

    Since the introduction of graphical user interfaces (GUI), input control devices have become an integral part of desktop computing. When interfacing with GUIs, these input control devices have become the human's primary means of communicating with the computer. Although there have been a number of experiments conducted on pointing devices for desktop machine, there is little research on pointing devices for wearable computer technology. This is surprising because pointing devices are a maj...

  18. An Architecture for Analysis and Collection of RF Signals Used by Hand-Held Devices in Computer Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    Clipping verse Web Browsing. (From Ref. [1]) ............................ 6 Figure I-3. Front Diagram of a Wireless Terminal. (From Ref. [3...terminal also supports audio. 7 Figure I-3. Front Diagram of a Wireless Terminal. (From Ref. [3...for Palm V, Handspring and HP Jornada is one example of a CDPD service. Similar wireless applications can be accessed, however a comparison and

  19. Human Effectiveness and Risk Characterization of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) and Pelargonic Acid Vanillylamide (PAVA or Nonivamide) Hand-Held Devices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Haber, Lynne; Nance, Patricia; Maier, Andrew; Price, Paul; Olajos, Eugene J; Bickford, Larry; McConnell, Maureen; Klauenberg, B. J

    2007-01-01

    .... This HERC reflects the results from a three-workshop process with sequential workshops held for data gathering and sharing, peer consultation, and independent external review of the HERC document...

  20. Cellphone-based hand-held microplate reader for point-of-care ELISA testing (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Brandon; Cortazar, Bingen; Tseng, Derek; Ozkan, Haydar; Feng, Steve; Wei, Qingshan; Chan, Raymond Y.; Burbano, Jordi; Farooqui, Qamar; Lewinski, Michael; Di Carlo, Dino; Garner, Omai B.; Ozcan, Aydogan

    2016-03-01

    Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a microplate format has been a gold standard first-line clinical test for diagnosis of various diseases including infectious diseases. However, this technology requires a relatively large and expensive multi-well scanning spectrophotometer to read and quantify the signal from each well, hindering its implementation in resource-limited-settings. Here, we demonstrate a cost-effective and handheld smartphone-based colorimetric microplate reader for rapid digitization and quantification of immunoserology-related ELISA tests in a conventional 96-well plate format at the point of care (POC). This device consists of a bundle of 96 optical fibers to collect the transmitted light from each well of the microplate and direct all the transmission signals from the wells onto the camera of the mobile-phone. Captured images are then transmitted to a remote server through a custom-designed app, and both quantitative and qualitative diagnostic results are returned back to the user within ~1 minute per 96-well plate by using a machine learning algorithm. We tested this mobile-phone based micro-plate reader in a clinical microbiology lab using FDA-approved mumps IgG, measles IgG, and herpes simplex virus IgG (HSV-1 and HSV-2) ELISA tests on 1138 remnant patient samples (roughly 50% training and 50% testing), and achieved an overall accuracy of ~99% or higher for each ELISA test. This handheld and cost-effective platform could be immediately useful for large-scale vaccination monitoring in low-infrastructure settings, and also for other high-throughput disease screening applications at POC.

  1. Sharp Infrared Eyes The Journey of QWIPs from Concept to Large Inexpensive Sensitive Arrays in Hand-held Infrared Cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunapala, Sarath; Sundaram, Mani; Liu, Joun; Bandara, Sumith

    1996-01-01

    One of the simplest device realizations of the classic particle-in-a-box problem of basic quantum mechanics is the Quantum Well Infrared Photodetector (QWIP). Optimization of the detector design and material growth and processing has culminated in the realization of a camera with a large (256x256 pixel) focal plane array of QWIPs which can see at 8.5 mu m, holding forth great promise for a variety of applications in the 6-25 mu m wavelength range.

  2. Four High-Visibility Enforcement Demonstration Waves in Connecticut and New York Reduce Hand-Held Phone Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    The National Highway Traffic : Safety Administration initiated : distracted driving demonstration : programs in two communities : to test whether a high-visibility : enforcement (HVE) model could : reduce two specific instances : of distracted drivin...

  3. A Novel Hand-Held Optical Imager with Real-Time Co-Registration Facilities Towards Diagnostic Mammography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    aol.com). Color versions of one or more of the f gures in this paper are available online at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org. Digital Object Identifie 10.1109...from mammography, US, or palpation . The device was used to measure the physiological character- istics of the tumor prior to chemotherapy. This was

  4. Investigation of the aerosols produced by a high-speed, hand-held grinder using various substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, Anthony T; Maynard, Andrew D

    2002-11-01

    Mechanical processes such as grinding are classically thought to form micrometer scale aerosols through abrasion and attrition. High-speed grinding has been used as the basis for testing the hypothesis that ultrafine particles do not form a substantial component of mechanically generated aerosols. A wide variety of grinding substrates were selected for evaluation to represent the broad spectrum of materials available. To characterize the particle size distribution over particle sizes ranging from 4.2 nm to 20.5 microm, the aerosol-laden air collected from an enclosed chamber was split and directed to three aerosol instruments operated in parallel. Transmission electron microscope samples of the various grinding substrates were also collected. The results demonstrate that ultrafine particles do have the potential to form a significant component of a grinding aerosol for a number of substrates. It appears that the ultrafine aerosols were formed by the following processes: (i) from within the grinding motor, (ii) from the combustion of amenable grinding substrates and (iii) from volatilization of amenable grinding materials at the grinding wheel/substrate interface.

  5. Hand-held EMI Sensor for Cued UXO Discrimination Man-Portable EMI Array for UXO Detection and Discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    proficiently conduct. The successful transition of the TEMTADS 5x5 array data quality control (QC)/analysis process to the Geosoft Oasis montaj ...the Geosoft Oasis montaj environment provides a clear pathway for resolving these issues. A final implementation issue is that a clear path to

  6. Detection of Staphylococcus Aureus Enterotoxin A and B Genes with PCR-EIA and a Hand-Held Electrochemical Sensor

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aitichou, Mohamed; Henkins, Robert; Sultana, Afroz M; Ulrich, Robert G; Ibrahim, M. S

    2004-01-01

    ... S. aureus DNA, and genomic DNA from Alcaligens, Bacillus, Bacteroides, Bordetella, Burkholderia, Clostridium, Comanonas, Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Francisella, Haemophilus, Klebsiella...

  7. Effect of emitted wavelength and light guide type on irradiance discrepancies in hand-held dental curing radiometers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kameyama, Atsushi; Haruyama, Akiko; Asami, Masako; Takahashi, Toshiyuki

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine any discrepancies in the outputs of five commercial dental radiometers and also to evaluate the accuracy of these devices using a laboratory-grade spectroradiometer. The power densities of 12 different curing light sources were repeatedly measured for a total of five times using each radiometer in a random order. The emission spectra of all of the curing light sources were also measured using the spectroradiometer, and the integral value of each spectrum was calculated to determine the genuine power densities, which were then compared to the displayed power densities measured by the dental radiometers. The displayed values of power density were various and were dependent on the brand of radiometer, and this may be because each radiometer has a different wavelength sensitivity. These results cast doubt upon the accuracy of commercially available dental radiometers.

  8. Detection of Incipient Thermal Damage in Carbon Fiber-Bismaleimide Composites using Hand-Held FTIR (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-24

    work. 14. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words) Bismaleimide (BMI) resins are gaining popularity as matrix materials in carbon fiber composites, especially ...BMI) resins are gaining popularity as matrix materials in carbon fiber composites, especially in high temperature applications, due to their very...address the unique challenges they present. An especially interesting problem in composite NDE/NDI is damage caused by thermal exposure. After visual

  9. Study of the effect of using a collimator on a gamma probe in radioguided surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Iran José Oliveira da; Khoury, Helen Jamil; Lemos, Márcia Rosana Leite de; Almeida Filho, Paulo José de; Guimarães, Maria Inês Calil Cury

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho consiste em estudar a influência da resolução espacial da sonda gama Europrobe que é utilizada em cirurgia radioguiada. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Na técnica de cirurgia radioguiada, após a injeção de um radiotraçador no tumor primário, é utilizada uma sonda detectora de radiação gama a fim de determinar a localização do linfonodo sentinela. Para simular a região dos pontos de injeção do radiotraçador e o linfonodo sentinela, duas fontes de Tc-99m, com 20,42 MBq ...

  10. Minimally invasive focused parathyroidectomy without using intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring or gamma probe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haciyanli M

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP is widely used worldwide for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT. It is usually combined with a perioperative adjunct for high success rate. Aim : To demonstrate that MIP can be successfully performed in a selected group of patients with presumabally solitary adenoma as the cause of pHPT without using any perioperative adjuncts. Settings and Design : A prospective data analysis of two surgeons′ series from a teaching hospital in Turkey. Materials and Methods : Of the 47 patients referred with a diagnosis of pHPT during January 2004-May 2008, 30(63% patients with sporadic pHPT with presumed solitary adenoma were included for analysis. These patients underwent MIP via focused lateral ( n=24 or anterior ( n=6 approach. Preoperative localization was done using 99 mTc-labelled sestamibi scan and ultrasonography. Only patients with concordant tests for single adenoma were selected for MIP. Serum parathyroid hormone and calcium levels were measured postoperatively and at follow-up visits. Statistical Analysis : Parametric data presented were analyzed with Excel XP (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA. Results : Barring one patient, all other patients were initially biochemically cured by MIP. One patient remained hypercalcemic, who was found to have a second adenoma at the second operation. During a mean follow-up of 16 (3-55 months, all patients were normocalcemic with a mean serum calcium level of 9.4 (8.9-10.2 mg/dl. Parathormone levels were persistantly elevated only in one patient (3.4%. No postoperative permanent complication was encountered. Conclusion : The results of MIP achieved in high-volume endocrine surgery centers can be replicated in low-volume center without any intraoperative adjuncts, in patients with overt clinical pHPT and concordant results of sestamibi and ultrasound.

  11. Two beams circulating in the LHC! First collisions in four detectors! Monday 23 November 2009

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2009-01-01

    Geneva, 23 November 2009. Today the LHC circulated two beams simultaneously for the first time, allowing the operators to test the synchronization of the beams and giving the experiments their first chance to look for proton-proton collisions. With just one bunch of particles circulating in each direction, the beams can be made to cross in up to two places in the ring. From early in the afternoon, the beams were made to cross at points 1 and 5, home to the ATLAS and CMS detectors, both of which were on the lookout for collisions. Later, beams crossed at points 2 and 8, ALICE and LHCb. “It’s a great achievement to have come this far in so short a time,” said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. “But we need to keep a sense of perspective – there’s still much to do before we can start the LHC physics programme.” Beams were first tuned to produce collisions in the ATLAS detector, which recorded its first candidate for collisions at 14:22 this afternoon. Later, the beams were optimised for CMS. In the ...

  12. Development of a Minimum Performance Standard for Hand-Held Fire Extinguishers as a Replacement for Halon 1211 on Civilian Transport Category Aircraft

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Webster, Harry

    2002-01-01

    ... 25.851 as a requirement on transport category aircraft with 31 or more seats. Halon 1211 has been linked to the destruction of the ozone layer and production of new Halon 1211 has been halted per the Montreal Protocol in 1993...

  13. Comparison between automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) versus hand-held ultrasound as a second look procedure after magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Girometti, Rossano; Zanotel, Martina; Londero, Viviana; Bazzocchi, Massimo; Zuiani, Chiara [University of Udine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, ' S. Maria della Misericordia' , Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, Udine (Italy)

    2017-09-15

    To evaluate the agreement between automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and conventional ultrasound (US) as a second-look (SL) tool for assessing additional findings found on MRI. Over a 7-month period, we prospectively assigned to SL-US and SL-ABVS all patients undergoing 1.5 T breast MRI in whom additional findings were found. Five experienced breast radiologists independently interpreted SL-US and SL-ABVS in blinded sessions to evaluate the detection rate of MRI findings and assign them to BI-RADS categories. We calculated the agreement between the two methods in assessing MRI findings as significant (BI-RADS 3-5) versus not significant (BI-RADS 1-2), as well as their cancer detection rate. In a population of 131 patients, SL-ABVS and SL-US showed a comparable detection rate of MRI findings (69.3 vs. 71.5%) (p > 0.05; McNemar test), with an almost perfect agreement in assessing them as significant or not (k = 0.94). This translated into a comparably high cancer detection rate (83.8% for SL-ABVS vs. 87.0% for SL-US). Only 1/31 cancers was missed by SL-ABVS. SL-ABVS and SL-US are nearly equivalent in assessing the significance of MRI findings, leading to a comparable cancer detection rate. SL-ABVS has the potential to replace SL-US in the SL scenario. (orig.)

  14. Use of hand-held computers to determine the relative contribution of different cognitive, attitudinal, social, and organizational factors on health care workers' decision to decontaminate hands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Karen; Burnett, Emma; Morrison, Kenny; Ricketts, Ian

    2014-02-01

    Observational and survey methods have limitations in measuring hand hygiene behavior. The ability of a personal digital assistant to anonymously gather data at the point of decision making could potentially address these. Participants were provided with a personal digital assistant to be used for three 2-hour periods and asked to rate influential factors of the Health Belief Model (HBM). Participants were also required to enter what they thought they should do and what they actually did. A total of 741 hand hygiene opportunities was recorded. All HBM constructs were higher for hand hygiene opportunities where there was compliance versus noncompliance, with a significant difference for patient pressure, my risk, perceived benefits, perceived seriousness, and availability of good facilities. Only 20% of doctors, 28% of nurses, and 66% of physiotherapists always did what they thought they should. There was no correlation between self-reported and actual compliance. The HBM appeared to be a useful theoretical framework. Surprisingly, participants rated their compliance as high despite having recorded instances where they did not do what they thought they should do. This suggests that staff may have a different definition of compliance than strict observation of the guidelines. Copyright © 2014 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Automation Study for Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant Hand Held Signal Flight Assembly, Rocket Barrel Assembly, 40 MM Signal, Final Packaging/Pack-Out, and Star Finishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-03-01

    LAYER. ,CX PLACE CARDBOARD SEPARATOR. STACK ~~~~CRATES ON PALLET IN LAYER.1)ASLINPCO. 2 )BARD PALME )u4) PLACE CARDBOARD SEPARATOR. s I CWC L 2... ISLA STARTERS CGrnlE- -j 7 CWRL COTO UACH4NE O6’.CES 40MM.ASSEW.Y MAC*ARJ CONTROL. PANEL WOCATEDi BUVK"’ l81Y. OMWDE ROOU 110 -7,4s RtociET BAm~i HAD

  16. Collaborative Exploration with a Micro Aerial Vehicle: A Novel Interaction Method for Controlling a MAV with a Hand-Held Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pitman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to collaboratively explore an environment with a Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV, an operator needs a mobile interface, which can support the operator’s divided attention. To this end, we developed the Micro Aerial Vehicle Exploration of an Unknown Environment (MAV-VUE interface, which allows operators with minimal training the ability to remotely explore their environment with a MAV. MAV-VUE employs a concept we term Perceived First-Order (PFO control, which allows an operator to effectively “fly” a MAV with no risk to the vehicle. PFO control utilizes a position feedback control loop to fly the MAV while presenting rate feedback to the operator. A usability study was conducted to evaluate MAV-VUE. This interface was connected remotely to an actual MAV to explore a GPS-simulated urban environment.

  17. Sensitivity and specificity of a hand-held milk electrical conductivity meter compared to the California mastitis test for mastitis in dairy cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fosgate, G T; Petzer, I M; Karzis, J

    2013-04-01

    Screening tests for mastitis can play an important role in proactive mastitis control programs. The primary objective of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of milk electrical conductivity (EC) to the California mastitis test (CMT) in commercial dairy cattle in South Africa using Bayesian methods without a perfect reference test. A total of 1848 quarter milk specimens were collected from 173 cows sampled during six sequential farm visits. Of these samples, 25.8% yielded pathogenic bacterial isolates. The most frequently isolated species were coagulase negative Staphylococci (n=346), Streptococcus agalactiae (n=54), and Staphylococcus aureus (n=42). The overall cow-level prevalence of mastitis was 54% based on the Bayesian latent class (BLC) analysis. The CMT was more accurate than EC for classification of cows having somatic cell counts >200,000/mL and for isolation of a bacterial pathogen. BLC analysis also suggested an overall benefit of CMT over EC but the statistical evidence was not strong (P=0.257). The Bayesian model estimated the sensitivity and specificity of EC (measured via resistance) at a cut-point of >25 mΩ/cm to be 89.9% and 86.8%, respectively. The CMT had a sensitivity and specificity of 94.5% and 77.7%, respectively, when evaluated at the weak positive cut-point. EC was useful for identifying milk specimens harbouring pathogens but was not able to differentiate among evaluated bacterial isolates. Screening tests can be used to improve udder health as part of a proactive management plan. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Hand-Held Femtogram Detection of Hazardous Picric Acid with 2 Hydrophobic Ag Nanopillar SERS Substrates and Mechanism of 3 Elasto-Capillarity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hakonen, Aron; Wang, FengChao; Andersson, Per Ola

    2017-01-01

    Picric acid (PA) is a severe environmental and security risk due to its unstable, toxic, and explosive properties. It is also challenging to detect in trace amounts and in situ because of its highly acidic and anionic character. Here, we assess sensing of PA under nonlaboratory conditions using...

  19. A new integrated approach for characterizing the soil electromagnetic properties and detecting landmines using a hand-held vector network analyzer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lopra, O.; Lambot, S.; Slob, E.; Vanclooster, M.; Macq, B.; Milisavljevic, N.

    2006-01-01

    The application of ground-penetrating radar (GPR) in humanitarian demining labors presents two major challenges: (1) the development of affordable and practical systems to detect metallic and non-metallic antipersonnel (AP) landmines under different conditions, and (2) the development of accurate

  20. Detection of foot-and-mouth disease virus in the breath of infected cattle using a hand-held device to collect aerosols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Laurids Siig; Brehm, Katharina E.; Skov, Julia

    2011-01-01

    Exhaled air of individual cattle infected experimentally with foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was sampled to assess the feasibility of a rapid, non-invasive general screening approach for identifying sources of FMDV infection. The air sampler used was a handheld prototype device employing...... of FMDV in cattle infected experimentally. Detection in exhaled air from individual cattle was compared to FMDV detection in serum and saliva for 3 different strains of FMDV (O1/Manisa/69, C/Oberbayern/FRG/1960 and SAT1/Zimbawe/1989). Detection of FMDV in exhaled air was possible for all strains of FMDV...

  1. 9 mu m cutoff 640x512 pixel GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum well infrared photodetector hand-held camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunapala, S. D.; Bandara, S. V.; Liu, J. K.; Rafol, S. B.; Shott, C. A.; Jones, R.; Laband, S.; Woolaway, J.; Fastenau, J. M.; Liu, A. K.

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the development of this very sensitive long wavelength infrared camera base on a GaAs/AlGaAs QWIP focal plane array and its performance in quantum efficiency, NETD, uniformity and operability.

  2. A comparison of head-mounted and hand-held displays for 360° videos with focus on attitude and behavior change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonseca, Diana; Kraus, Martin

    2016-01-01

    The present study is designed to test how immersion, presence, and narrative content (with a focus on emotional immersion) can affect one's pro-environmental attitude and behavior with specific interest in 360° videos and meat consumption as a non pro-environmental behavior. This research describes...... a between-group design experiment that compares two systems with different levels of immersion and two types of narratives, one with and one without emotional content. In the immersive video (IV) condition (high immersion), 21 participants used a Head-Mounted Display (HMD) to watch an emotional 360° video...... about meat consumption and its effects on the environment; another 21 participants experienced the tablet condition (low immersion) where they viewed the same video but with a 10.1 inch tablet; 22 participants in the control condition viewed a non emotional video about submarines with an HMD...

  3. Inter-tester Reliability of the Hand-held dynamometer and the Leg Extensor Power Rig applied on Patients after Total Hip Arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Mechlenburg, Inger; Petersen, Annemette Krintel

    strength and Leg Extensor Power Rig (LEPR) is a tool for measuring muscle power. OBJECTIVES: To test the inter-tester reliability of the HHD in hip abduction and the LEPR in Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) patients. METHODS: Two groups each consisting 20 subjects were included. Mean age was 68.4 years. All...... subjects had THA surgery three months prior to testing. The subjects conducted two test sessions with HHD and LEPR, with two different testers, separated by a break of 1½ hour. We assessed the relative inter-tester reliability with Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and the absolute reliability...... with Limits of Agreement (LOA). RESULTS: Inter-tester reliability for the HHD: There was no significant difference between the two testers (p=0.66) and the two tests (0.41); ICC=0.94 (95% CI: 0.86;0.97) ; LOA=±18 Newton. Inter-tester reliability for the LEPR: There was no significant difference between...

  4. Inter-tester Reliability of the Hand-held dynamometer and the Leg Extensor Power Rig applied on Patients after Total Hip Arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Petersen, Annemette Krintel; Mikkelsen, Søren Søndergaard

    and Leg Extensor Power Rig (LEPR) is a tool for measuring muscle power. Purpose / Aim of Study: To test the inter-tester reliability of the HHD and the LEPR in Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) patients. Materials and Methods: Two groups each consisting 20 subjects were included. Mean age was 68.4 years. All...... subjects had THA surgery three months prior to testing. The subjects conducted two test sessions with HHD and LEPR, with two different testers, separated by a break of 1½ hour. We assessed the relative inter-tester reliability with Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and the absolute reliability...... with Limits of Agreement (LOA). Findings / Results: Inter-tester reliability for the HHD: There was no significant difference between the two testers (p=0.66) and the two tests (0.41); ICC=0.94 (95% CI: 0.86;0.97) ; LOA=±18 Newton. Inter-tester reliability for the LEPR: There was no significant difference...

  5. Reliability of ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion measurements obtained using a hand-held goniometer and Biodex dynamometer in stroke patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, In-Gui; Yu, Il-Young; Kim, Soo-Yong; Lee, Dong-Kyu; Oh, Jae-Seop

    2015-06-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated the reliability of ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion (DF-PROM) measurements obtained using a goniometer and Biodex dynamometer in stroke patients. [Subjects] Fifteen stroke patients participated in this study. [Methods] Ankle DF-PROM was assessed using a goniometer and Biodex dynamometer. Ankle DF-PROM was measured during two sessions with 7 days between tests. Intraclass correlation coefficient, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change values were used to assess the reliability of measurements obtained using both instruments. [Results] The intra-rater reliability for ankle DF-PROM using the goniometer was moderate and good for the two raters, while using the Biodex dynamometer, it was good for both raters. Inter-rater reliability using the goniometer was moderate; using the Biodex, it was good. [Conclusion] Both intra- and inter-reliability measurements of ankle DF-PROM were higher using a Biodex dynamometer than with a goniometer.

  6. Evaluation of U.S. Commercial-Off-the-Shelf Hand-Held Assays to Detect Opiate Pain Reliever Compounds in Multiple Biofluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) XX-09-2016 2. REPORT TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) Jun 2014 – May 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of U.S...CDC; Atlanta, GA) sampling protocol (http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/emres/surface-sampling- bacillus -anthracis.html). Each swab was placed in a

  7. A pilot study of a hand-held camera in a busy burn centre: Prediction of patient length of recuperation with wound temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazurek, Maciej J; Frew, Quentin; Sadeghi, Abtin M M; Tan, Alethea; Syed, Mobinulla; Dziewulski, Peter

    2016-05-01

    The aim of our study was to evaluate temperature differences of burns looking at their prognostic ability to predict healing at the 21 day mark. Thirty two burns in 26 patients aged 1-71 years old were photographed with a FLIR T650 camera. Environment, reflected, and body core temperature of the patients were measured. Skin emissivity was constant 0.98. Pictures were analyzed with R&D FLIR Software. Minimal and average burn temperatures and skin temperature in 255 pixel squares were measured. Patients were divided into healed and not healed groups. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 20 (IBM Armonk, USA) and pburns at 21 days. Healed burns were significantly warmer than non-healed burns (pburns temperatures and healthy skin temperatures with days needed to heal the burns (p=0.001; rho=-0.564). Infrared camera seems to be useful equipment in predicting burns' healing time. However further clinical studies need to be done. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  8. Detection performance assessment of hand-held mine detection systems in a procurement process: test set-up for MDs and MD/GPRs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoolderman, A.J.; Roosenboom, J.H.J.

    2005-01-01

    The Engineers Centre of Expertise of the Royal Netherlands Army (RNLA) has conducted a study on countermine in peace operations. This study, finished in 2002, concluded that the final solution to countermine will depend in the first place on better detection of buried low-metal mines, e.g. by direct

  9. Assessment of nickel and cobalt release from 200 unused hand-held work tools for sale in Denmark - Sources of occupational metal contact dermatitis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob P; Jensen, Peter; Lidén, Carola

    2011-01-01

    Nickel and cobalt allergy remain frequent in dermatitis patients. It is important to determine possible nickel and cobalt exposures at work as these may offer important information to regulators and physicians who perform patch testing. Clinical relevance of metal exposure is usually assessed...

  10. Optimization of the extent of surgical treatment in patients with stage I in cervical cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chernyshova, A. L.; Lyapunov, A. Yu., E-mail: Lyapunov1720.90@mail.ru [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Kolomiets, L. A. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Siberian State Medical University, Moskovsky Trakt 2, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Sinilkin, I. G.; Chernov, V. I. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Kooperativny Street 5, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Lenin Avenue 30, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)

    2016-08-02

    The study included 26 patients with FIGO stage Ia1–Ib1 cervical cancer who underwent fertility-sparing surgery (transabdominaltrachelectomy). To visualize sentinel lymph nodes, lymphoscintigraphy with injection of 99mTc-labelled nanocolloid was performed the day before surgery. Intraoperative identification of sentinel lymph nodes using hand-held gamma probe was carried out to determine the radioactive counts over the draining lymph node basin. The sentinel lymph node detection in cervical cancer patients contributes to the accurate clinical assessment of the pelvic lymph node status, precise staging of the disease and tailoring of surgical treatment to individual patient.

  11. TEMTADS Adjunct Sensor Systems Hand-Held EMI Sensor for Cued UXO Discrimination (ESTCP MR-200807) and Man-Portable EMI Array for UXO Detection and Discrimination (ESTCP MR-200909)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    type soil [3]. The Elkton Series consist of very deep, slowly permeable , poorly drained soils. These soils formed in silty aeolin sediments and...be used for classification, and were classified as "can’t analyze". Those targets included nails , 50 caliber slugs, "magnetic rocks", wire, small

  12. Avaliação da fatigabilidade em pacientes com esclerose múltipla através do dinamômetro manual Fatigability evaluation on multiple sclerosis patients by using a hand held dynamometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Pavan

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A fadiga é um dos mais freqüentes sintomas e incapacitantes na esclerose múltipla (EM. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a fatigabilidade em pacientes com EM pela aplicação de exercícios isotônicos e isométricos com dinamômetro manual. Como resultados, a fatigabilidade, a força e o tempo máximo de isometria são semelhantes estatisticamente entre o grupo controle e o grupo de EM. Conclui-se que embora a queixa subjetiva de fadiga seja freqüente na EM, a fatigabilidade e a recuperação após o exercício demonstraram ser normais.Fatigue is one of the most commom disabling symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fatigability on patients with MS by the aplication of hand grip isotonic and isometric exercises with dynamometer. As results the fatigability, the isometric strenght and time were statistically similar in the control group and in MS. We conclude that although fatigue is a frequent subjective complaint on MS, the fatigability and the recover after exercises seems to be normal.

  13. TEMTADS Adjunct Sensor Systems Hand-held EMI Sensor for Cued UXO Discrimination (ESTCP MR-200807) and Man-Portable EMI Array for UXO Detection and Discrimination (ESTCP MR-200909) Cost and Performance Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    successful transition of the TEMTADS 5x5 array data QC/analysis process to the Geosoft Oasis montaj environment provides a clear pathway for resolving...knowledge to proficiently conduct. The successful transition of the TEMTADS 5x5 array data QC/analysis process to the Geosoft Oasis montaj environment

  14. Using the intraoperative hand held probe without lymphoscintigraphy or using only dye correlates with higher sensory morbidity following sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer: A review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Travis Arlene

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are no studies that have directly investigated the incremental reduction in sensory morbidity that lymphoscintigraphy images (LS and triangulated body marking or other skin marking techniques provide during sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB compared to using only the probe without LS and skin marking or using only dye. However, an indirect assessment of this potential for additional sensory morbidity reduction is possible by extracting morbidity data from studies comparing the morbidity of SLNB to that of axillary lymph node dissection. Methods A literature search yielded 13 articles that had data on sensory morbidity at specific time points on pain, numbness or paresthesia from SLNB that used radiotracer and probe or used only dye as a primary method of finding the sentinel node (SN. Of these, 10 utilized LS, while 3 did not utilize LS. By matching the data in studies not employing LS to the studies that did, comparisons regarding the percentage of patients experiencing pain, numbness/paresthesia after SLNB could be reasonably attempted at a cutoff of 9 months. Results In the 7 studies reporting on pain after 9 months (> 9 months that used LS (1347 patients, 13.8% of patients reported these symptoms, while in the one study that did not use LS (143 patients, 28.7% of patients reported these symptoms at > 9 months (P 9 months that used LS (601 patients, 12.5% of patients reported these symptoms, while in the 3 studies that did not use LS (229 patients, 23.1% of patients reported these symptoms at > 9 months (P = 0.0002. Similar trends were also noted for all these symptoms at ≤ 9 months. Conclusion Because of variations in techniques and time of assessing morbidity, direct comparisons between studies are difficult. Nevertheless at a minimum, a clear trend is present: having the LS images and skin markings to assist during SLNB appears to yield more favorable morbidity outcomes for the patients compared to performing SLNB with only the probe or performing SLNB with dye alone. These results are extremely pertinent, as the main reason for performing SLNB itself in the first place is to achieve reduced morbidity.

  15. A portable gamma-camera for intraoperative detection of sentinel nodes in the head and neck region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermeeren, Lenka; Valdés Olmos, Renato A; Klop, W Martin C; Balm, Alfons J M; van den Brekel, Michiel W M

    2010-05-01

    We introduced and evaluated a portable gamma-camera for intraoperative visualization of sentinel nodes in the head and neck region. Planar lymphoscintigraphy and SPECT/CT were performed after peritumoral injection of (99m)Tc-nanocolloid in 25 patients (head and neck melanoma or oral cavity carcinoma). Sentinel nodes were localized intraoperatively with a portable gamma-camera and a hand-held gamma-probe. The portable gamma-camera was used to determine the distribution of remaining radioactivity after excision of the sentinel nodes. The portable gamma-camera visualized all 70 preoperatively identified sentinel nodes. Sentinel nodes at difficult sites could be localized more efficiently, and in 6 patients, 9 additional nodes (1 tumor-positive) were identified with the portable gamma-camera after excision. Intraoperative identification of sentinel nodes in the head and neck region with a portable gamma-camera is feasible and might lead to detection of more sentinel nodes.

  16. Radio-guided occult lesion localisation using iodine 125 Seeds “ROLLIS” to guide surgical removal of an impalpable posterior chest wall melanoma metastasis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dissanayake, Shashini [Western Hospital, Footscray, Victoria (Australia); Dissanayake, Deepthi [Royal Perth Hospital Perth, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Taylor, Donna B [Royal Perth Hospital Perth, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia (Australia); Western Hospital, Footscray, Victoria (Australia)

    2015-09-15

    Cancer screening and surveillance programmes and the use of sophisticated imaging tools such as positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) have increased the detection of impalpable lesions requiring imaging guidance for excision. A new technique involves intra-lesional insertion of a low-activity iodine-125 ({sup 125}I) seed and detection of the radioactive signal in theatre using a hand-held gamma probe to guide surgery. Whilst several studies describe using this method to guide the removal of impalpable breast lesions, only a handful of publications report its use to guide excision of lesions outside the breast. We describe a case in which radio-guided occult lesion localisation using an iodine 125 seed was used to guide excision of an impalpable posterior chest wall metastasis detected on PET-CT.

  17. Three-year follow-up of sentinel node-negative patients with early oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sebbesen, Lars; Bilde, Anders; Therkildsen, Marianne

    2014-01-01

    2009, 53 consecutive SNB-negative patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) T1 to T2 were accrued. Follow-up was done continuously with the most recent examination in October 2011. The location of the sentinel lymph nodes was determined using dynamic and planar lymphoscintigraphy......BACKGROUND: Resection of the primary tumor followed by sentinel node biopsy (SNB) for the clinically N0 patient has been implemented in our Head and Neck University Center. The purpose of this study was to report on the outcome for patients with negative SNB. METHODS: From April 2007 to October...... and single photon emission CT (SPECT)-CT. Intraoperatively, a hand-held gamma probe was applied. The harvested sentinel lymph nodes underwent histopathologic examination using step-serial sectioning at 150-μm intervals and immunohistochemistry. In the follow-up period, we observed and examined the SNB...

  18. Sentinel lymph node mapping using SPECT/CT and gamma probe in endometrial cancer: an analysis of parameters affecting detection rate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahbai, Samine; La Fougere, Christian; Dittmann, Helmut [University Hospital Tuebingen, Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Molecular Imaging, Tuebingen (Germany); Taran, Florin-Andrei; Wallwiener, Diethelm; Brucker, Sara [University Hospital Tuebingen, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tuebingen (Germany); Staebler, Annette [University Hospital Tuebingen, Pathology, Tuebingen (Germany)

    2017-08-15

    SPECT/CT after pericervical injection of technetium-99 m-nanocolloid was shown to be suitable for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in endometrial cancer (EC). The aim of this study was to analyze factors affecting successful SLN detection by means of SPECT/CT such as imaging findings, patient characteristics and tumor biology in a large cohort of patients. One hundred and forty-five consecutive patients suffering from EC who received pre-surgical SLN mapping at our institution between 2011 and 2016 were included in this analysis. SPECT/CT data of abdomen and pelvis (mean 4:20 ± 1:20 h p.i.) were acquired after pericervical injection of technetium-99 m-nanocolloid (mean 230 ± 45 MBq) in all patients. Surgical staging was performed on the day after. Acquisition parameters, patient characteristics, SPECT/CT findings as well as histopathological results were collected. A total of 282 SLNs were identified by means of SPECT/CT. Overall, preoperative and intraoperative SLN detection rates were 86%, 76% and 74% respectively. The most important factor associated with failure to detect SLNs was the presence of high bone marrow on SPECT/CT (p = 0.005). Peritoneal/abdominal radioactivity was also associated with missed SLN detection in SPECT/CT (p = 0.02). However, the presence of liver/spleen uptake on its own was not predictive for detection failure. Low numbers of detected SLNs in SPECT/CT were slightly related with older age and lower injected activity. No significant influence was found for the parameters of tumor histology and stage, lymph node involvement and the time gap between injection and imaging. Venous drainage as indicated by bone marrow uptake is the most important factor associated with scintigraphic SLN detection failure. Moreover, high peritoneal and abdominal activity was also associated with detection failure. Thus, meticulous application of the radiotracer is crucial in EC. (orig.)

  19. Osteoid osteoma of the spine: a novel technique using combined computer-assisted and gamma probe-guided high-speed intralesional drill excision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Royen, B.J.; Baayen, J.C.; Pijpers, R.; Noske, D.P.; Schakenraad, D.; Wuisman, P.I.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    Study Design. A report of five cases of thoracolumbar osteoid osteoma treated with combined computer-assisted and γ probe-guided high-speed drill excision. Objectives. To document the surgical technique consisting of a combination of both computer-assisted and γ probe-guided high-speed drill

  20. Use of radioguided surgery with [111In]-pentetreotide in the management of an ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoid causing ectopic Cushing's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossrubatscher, E; Vignati, F; Dalino, P; Possa, M; Belloni, P A; Vanzulli, A; Bramerio, M; Marocchi, A; Rossetti, O; Zurleni, F; Loli, P

    2005-01-01

    Intraoperative [111In]-pentetreotide scintigraphy with a hand-held gamma detector probe has recently been proposed to increase the intraoperative detection rate of small neuroendocrine tumors and their metastases. We report a case of a 28-yr-old woman with ectopic Cushing's syndrome due to an ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoid, in whom the use of radioguided surgery improved disease management. At presentation, radiolabeled pentetreotide scintigraphy was the only procedure able to detect the ectopic source of ACTH. After radiologic confirmation, the patient underwent removal of a bronchial carcinoid, with disease persistence. After surgery, pentetreotide scintigraphy showed pathologic uptake in the mediastinum not previously detected at surgery and only subsequently confirmed by radiologic studies. Despite a second thoracic exploration, hormonal, scintigraphic, and radiological evidence of residual disease persisted. Radioguided surgery was then performed using a hand-held gamma probe 48 h after iv administration of a tracer dose of radiolabeled [111In-DTPA-D-Phe1]-pentetreotide, which permitted detection and removal of multiple residual mediastinal lymph node metastases. Clinical and radiologic cure, with no evidence of tracer uptake at pentetreotide scintigraphy, was subsequently observed. The use of an intraoperative gamma counter appears a promising procedure in the management of metastatic ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoids.

  1. Lymphatic mapping and sentinel node biopsy in early stage melanoma: study of the first 100 cases in Institut Gustave Roussy; Lymphoscintigraphie et biopsie du ganglion sentinelle dans les melanomes cutanes primitifs: analyse des 100 premiers cas a l'Institut Gustave Roussy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buffard, V.; Duvillard, P. [Institut Gustave Roussy, Service de Dermatologie, 94 - Villejuif (France); Mamelle, G. [Institut Gustave Roussy, Service de Chirurgie Cervico-faciale, 94 - Villejuif (France); Lumbroso, J.; Ricard, M. [Institut Gustave Roussy, Service de Medecine Nucleaire et de Physique Medicale, 94 - Villejuif (France); Kolb, F.; Sleilati, F. [Institut Gustave Roussy, Service de Chirurgie Plastique, 94 - Villejuif (France); Spatz, A. [Institut Gustave Roussy, Service d' Histopathologie, 94 - Villejuif (France)

    2005-01-15

    Introduction: We report the data of the first 100 patients who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLND) in our institution using lymphoscintigraphy only. Patients and methods: From 1998 to 2000, 100 consecutive patients (53 men and 47 women) with stage I or II melanoma (mean Breslow: 3.11 mm) underwent a SLND. Localisation of the sentinel node was performed by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and hand held gamma probe detection. The sentinel node was examined by routine histology and immunohistochemistry for PS100 and HMB-45. If the sentinel node contained tumor cells, a complete lymphadenectomy was performed. Results: Lymphoscintigraphy was performed for 97 patients. The SLN was identified in 97% of cases (94/97) and excised in 95% of cases (92/97). The rate of SLN metastasis was 19/92 patients (21%), correlated with Breslow index (< 1.5 mm: 5%, 1.5-4 mm: 15%, > 4 mm: 46%). A mean number of 1.81 lymph node per patient was analysed. The mean follow-up was 26 months with a relapse in 14 patients, 5 of them having a metastatic sentinel node. Three patients had a recurrence at the site of the SLND although they had initially a negative sentinel node. Conclusion: The identification and metastatic rates of sentinel nodes are similar to those of the literature. More studies are needed to determine whether lymphoscintigraphy alone is efficient for successful SLND in melanoma. (author)

  2. Rapid intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay--more than just a comfort measure.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hanif, F

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) has been embraced as an acceptable therapeutic approach to primary hyperparathyroidism. Preoperative sestamibi scanning has facilitated this technique. Here we evaluate the addition of a rapid intraoperative parathyroid hormone (iPTH) assay for patients undergoing MIRP. METHODS: A series of 51 patients underwent sestamibi localization of parathyroid glands followed by MIRP for primary hyperparathyroidism. Using peripheral venous samples, iPTH levels were measured prior to gland excision, as well as post-excision at 5, 10, and 15 minutes, taking a 50% reduction in iPTH level as indicative of complete excision. Next, changes in serum iPTH were compared with preoperative and postoperative changes in serum calcium, as well as levels of intraoperative ex-vivo radiation counts taken by hand-held gamma probe. RESULTS: In this series, a drop of greater than 50% in iPTH levels was observed in 94% of patients (n=48). Moreover, a significant drop in iPTH occurred within 10 minutes of excision in the majority (n=42) of cases (P<0.004). Changes in iPTH were comparable with the therapeutic reduction in calcium levels, as well as with the change in intraoperative ex-vivo gamma counts. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the addition of an iPTH assay to MIRP provides a quick and reliable intraoperative diagnostic modality in confirming correct adenoma removal. Moreover, it precludes the requirement of frozen section.

  3. SPECT-CT and intraoperative portable gamma-camera detection protocol for sentinel lymph node biopsy in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieira-Gil, Ramón; Paredes, Pilar; Martí-Pagés, Carles; Ferrer-Fuertes, Ada; García-Díez, Eloy; Cho-Lee, Gui Youn; Tapias, Andres; Mayoral, Maria; Vidal-Sicart, Sergi

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate a multimodality approach to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) detection with lymphoscintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT). When combined with intraoperative imaging by a portable gamma camera (PGC), improved SLNB accuracy and detection rate may result. A total of 42 patients selected for SLNB in node-negative T1 and T2 oral squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. The detection protocol consisted of preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and SPECT/CT performed the day before surgery. Intraoperative sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection was done with the aid of a PGC in association with hand-held gamma probe. All SLN detected in the preoperative study could be harvested except for one case. A total of 131 SLN were resected. This number was higher than the SLN depicted on lymphoscintigraphy (119 SLNs) and SPECT/CT (123 SLNs). Sublingual SLNs were observed in two cases (4.76%). These SLNs were detected by SPECT/CT but not by lymphoscintigraphy. Five (3.8%) additional SLNs not previously visualized on lymphoscintigraphy or on SPECT/CT were detected intraoperatively with the aid of the PGC. Positive SLNs were detected in eight cases (19%). Micrometastases were detected in five cases (62%) and macrometastases in three cases (38%). The SLNB detection protocol described contributes to more accurate study and detection.

  4. Management of occult adrenocorticotropin-secreting bronchial carcinoids: limits of endocrine testing and imaging techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loli, P; Vignati, F; Grossrubatscher, E; Dalino, P; Possa, M; Zurleni, F; Lomuscio, G; Rossetti, O; Ravini, M; Vanzulli, A; Bacchetta, C; Galli, C; Valente, D

    2003-03-01

    The differential diagnosis and the identification of the source of ACTH in occult ectopic Cushing's syndrome due to a bronchial carcinoid still represents a challenge for the endocrinologist. We report our experience in six patients with occult bronchial carcinoid in whom extensive hormonal, imaging, and scintigraphic evaluation was performed. All patients presented with hypercortisolism associated with high plasma ACTH values. The CRH test and high dose dexamethasone suppression test suggested an ectopic source of ACTH in three of six patients. During bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling, none of the patients showed a central to peripheral ACTH gradient. At the time of diagnosis, none of the patients had radiological evidence of the ectopic source of ACTH, whereas pentetreotide scintigraphy identified the lesion in two of four patients. Finally, a chest computed tomography scan revealed the presence of a bronchial lesion in all patients, and pentetreotide scintigraphy identified four of six lesions. In all patients a bronchial carcinoid was found and removed. In one patient with scintigraphic evidence of residual disease after two operations, radioguided surgery, using a hand-held gamma probe after iv administration of radiolabeled pentetreotide, was performed; this allowed detection and removal of residual multiple mediastinal lymph node metastases. In conclusion, our data show that there is not a single endocrine test or imaging procedure accurate enough to diagnose and localize occult ectopic ACTH-secreting bronchial carcinoids. Radioguided surgery appears to be promising in the presence of multiple tumor foci and previous incomplete removal of the tumor.

  5. Factors of importance for scintigraphic non-visualisation of sentinel nodes in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakera, A H; Friis, E; Hesse, U; Al-Suliman, N; Zerahn, B; Hesse, B

    2005-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse different factors of possible significance for non-visualisation of sentinel nodes (SNs) by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy, in order to enable improvement of the success rate of SN visualisation through modification or alteration of some of the factors. Between March 1998 and January 2003 we analysed a series of 442 women with unilateral stage T1 and clinical N0 breast cancer. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed after periareolar or peritumoural injection of 99mTc-albumin nanocolloid, with image acquisition after 2-6 h or 18-24 h. Until January 2001, all patients received around 20 MBq tracer, irrespective of time to operation. From January 2001, patients injected on the day before surgery received at least 100 MBq while patients injected on the day of surgery received around 50 MBq. An SN was visualised in 87% of the patients, and at surgery the SN was detected with the hand-held gamma probe in 42% of the remaining patients. By multiple logistic regression analysis, statistically significant independent variables that increased the risk for non-visualisation were increasing age (p=0.0007), increasing body weight (p=0.0189) and peritumoural injection (psuccess rate may be improved by periareolar (rather than peritumoural) injection. Early and late imaging procedures are equally efficient, but if a late imaging procedure is used, activity (adjusted for physical decay) in the patient on day 2 should be more than 10 MBq.

  6. Applications of monoclonal antibodies and recombinant cytokines for the treatment of human colorectal and other carcinomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greiner, J.W.; Smalley, R.V.; Borden, E.C.; Martin, E.W.; Guadagni, F.; Roselli, M.; Schlom, J. (Laboratory of Tumor Immunology and Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) which recognize a human tumor antigen, termed tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72), have successfully been used to localize primary as well as metastatic colorectal tumor lesions in patients. The localization of the anti-TAG-72 MAbs has also been exploited intraoperatively using a hand-held gamma probe. That procedure, termed radioimmunoguided surgery (RIGS), has identified occult tumors which were not detected using standard external imaging techniques. In another clinical trial, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) was administered intraperitoneally to patients diagnosed with either gastrointestinal or ovarian carcinoma with secondary ascites. Analysis of the tumor cells isolated from the malignant ascites revealed a substantial increase in TAG-72 expression on the surface of tumor cells isolated from seven of eight patients. The results provide evidence that the combination of an anti-carcinoma MAb with the administration of a cytokine, such as IFN-gamma, may be an effective approach for the detection and subsequent treatment, of colorectal carcinoma. 15 references.

  7. Contribution of SLN investigation with {sup 99m}Tc-nanocolloid in clinical staging of thyroid cancer: technical feasibility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pelizzo, Maria Rosa [Istituto Oncologico Veneto (IOV), Nuclear Medicine, PET Unit, S. Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Rovigo (Italy); Rubello, Domenico; Merante Boschin, Isabella; Piotto, Andrea; Paggetta, Costantino; Toniato, Antonio [University of Padova, Department of Surgical Science, Padova (Italy); De Salvo, Gian Luca [Istituto Oncologico Veneto (IOV), Epidemiology Unit, Padova (Italy); Giuliano, Armando [University of Pisa, Regional Center of Nuclear Medicine, Pisa (Italy); Mariani, Giuliano [John Wayne Cancer Institute, Department of Surgical Oncology, Santa Monica, CA (United States); Casara, Dario [Istituto Oncologico Veneto (IOV), Via Giustiniani, 2, Nuclear Medicine Service, Padova (Italy)

    2007-06-15

    It is a matter of controversy whether prophylactic lymph node dissection improves prognosis and survival in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients without suspicion of lymph node metastases either clinically or on ultrasonography. It is possible that in such patients the use of lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy, as are employed for other tumours, will be of assistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of preoperative {sup 99m}Tc-nanocolloid lymphoscintigraphy and an intra-operative SLN procedure in the management of PTC patients. Twenty-five consecutive patients were entered in the study between April 2005 and October 2005. All had a preoperative diagnosis of malignancy obtained by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), without clinical or ultrasonographic evidence of loco-regional lymph node involvement. Patients underwent preoperative lymphoscintigraphy after the injection of {sup 99m}Tc-nanocolloid [median 6 MBq (range 4-9 MBq) in 0.1-0.2 ml saline injected intratumorally under ultrasound guidance] and an intra-operative SLN procedure using a hand-held gamma probe. Surgery was performed by the same surgeon in all patients. Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy identified at least one SLN in all patients. During surgery, using the gamma probe, the surgeon was able to find at least one SLN in all cases. A good correlation was found between preoperative imaging and probe results. Metastasis was found in at least one SLN in 12 (48%) patients. In seven (28%) patients the involved SLN was the most radioactive SLN, while in five (20%) patients a less radioactive SLN was involved by malignancy. Ten of these 12 patients had only micrometastases (<2 mm). Micrometastases were found in the most radioactive SLN in six cases and in less radioactive SLNs in four cases, while in two patients more lymph nodes visualised at lymphoscintigraphy ipsilateral to the primary tumour were sites of metastasis. The rate of nodal involvement was very

  8. Minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy on a group of 452 primary hyperparathyroid patients. Refinement of preoperative imaging and intraoperative procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubello, D. [' S. Maria della Misericordia' Rovigo Hospital, Ist. Oncologico Veneto (IOV), Rovigo (Italy). Nuclear Medicine Service, PET Unit; Mariani, G. [Univ. of Pisa Medical School (Italy). Regional Center of Nuclear Medicine; Pelizzo, M.R. [Univ. of Padova Medical School (Italy). Dept. of Special Surgery

    2007-07-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) in primary hyperparathyroid (PHPT) patients. Patients, methods: 452 consecutive PHPT patients were evaluated. Inclusion criteria for MIRP were (a) evidence at scintigraphy of a solitary parathyroid adenoma (PA); (b) a clear sestamibi uptake in the PA; (c) the absence of concomitant thyroid nodules; (d) no history of familial HPT or MEN; (e) no history of previous neck irradiation. Intra-operative protocol consisted of the injection of a low 37 MBq sestamibi dose in the operating suite 10 min before surgery. A hand held 11-mm collimated gamma probe was used. Quick PTH (QPTH) was routinely measured. Results: 344 out of the 452 patients met the inclusion criteria, and MIRP was successfully performed in 321 of them (93.3%). No major intra-operative complication was recorded. MIRP required a mean operative time of 32 min, and a mean hospital stay of 1.2 d. The parathyroid to background ratio (P/B) calculated by the probe was well correlated with the P/B calculated by sestamibi SPECT (r = 0.91; p <0.01), while no significant correlation was found between the probe-calculated P/B and the P/B calculated at planar sestamibi scan. Conclusions: In our experience: (a) an accurate preoperative localising imaging protocol based on planar and SPECT sestamibi scan, and neck US is effective in selecting PHPT patients for MIRP, (b) the P/B calculated by sestamibi SPECT seems able to predict the probe-calculated P/B more accurately than the P/B calculated at planar scan, (c) the low 37 MBq sestamibi dose protocol proved to be a safe and effective approach to perform MIRP. (orig.)

  9. Is the identification of in-transit sentinel lymph nodes in malignant melanoma patients really necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal-Sicart, Sergi; Pons, Francesca; Fuertes, Silvia; Vilalta, Antonio; Rull, Ramón; Puig, Susana; Palou, Josep M; Ortega, Marisa; Castel, Teresa

    2004-07-01

    The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is the first node in a nodal basin to receive the direct lymphatic flow from a malignant melanoma. However, in some patients, lymphoscintigraphic study reveals the presence of lymphatic nodes in the area between the primary melanoma and the regional basin. These nodes are called "in-transit nodes" or "interval nodes" and, by definition, are also SLNs. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and location of in-transit SLNs in patients with malignant melanoma and to assess whether it is really necessary to harvest them. The evaluation involved 600 consecutive malignant melanoma patients. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed on the day before surgery following intradermal injection of 74-111 MBq of (99m)Tc-nanocolloid in four doses around the primary melanoma or the biopsy scar. Dynamic and static images were obtained and revealed SLNs in 599 out of 600 patients. The SLN was intraoperatively identified with the aid of patent blue dye and a hand-held gamma probe. Lymphoscintigraphy showed in-transit SLNs in 59/599 patients (9.8%). During surgery, all these in-transit SLNs were harvested, with those in the popliteal and epitrochlear regions being the most difficult to identify and excise. Metastatic cell deposits were subsequently identified in ten (16.9%) of these in-transit SLNs. In conclusion, lymphoscintigraphy has a key role in the identification of in-transit SLNs. Although the incidence of these nodes is relatively low in malignant melanoma patients, such SLNs present metastatic deposits in a significant percentage of cases and therefore the identification of in-transit SLNs in these patients is really necessary.

  10. Is the identification of in-transit sentinel lymph nodes in malignant melanoma patients really necessary?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal-Sicart, Sergi; Pons, Francesca [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona (Spain); Institut d' Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona (Spain); Fuertes, Silvia; Ortega, Marisa [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona (Spain); Vilalta, Antonio; Puig, Susana; Palou, Josep M.; Castel, Teresa [Department of Dermatology, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona (Spain); Rull, Ramon [Department of Surgery, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is the first node in a nodal basin to receive the direct lymphatic flow from a malignant melanoma. However, in some patients, lymphoscintigraphic study reveals the presence of lymphatic nodes in the area between the primary melanoma and the regional basin. These nodes are called ''in-transit nodes'' or ''interval nodes'' and, by definition, are also SLNs. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and location of in-transit SLNs in patients with malignant melanoma and to assess whether it is really necessary to harvest them. The evaluation involved 600 consecutive malignant melanoma patients. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed on the day before surgery following intradermal injection of 74-111 MBq of {sup 99m}Tc-nanocolloid in four doses around the primary melanoma or the biopsy scar. Dynamic and static images were obtained and revealed SLNs in 599 out of 600 patients. The SLN was intraoperatively identified with the aid of patent blue dye and a hand-held gamma probe. Lymphoscintigraphy showed in-transit SLNs in 59/599 patients (9.8%). During surgery, all these in-transit SLNs were harvested, with those in the popliteal and epitrochlear regions being the most difficult to identify and excise. Metastatic cell deposits were subsequently identified in ten (16.9%) of these in-transit SLNs. In conclusion, lymphoscintigraphy has a key role in the identification of in-transit SLNs. Although the incidence of these nodes is relatively low in malignant melanoma patients, such SLNs present metastatic deposits in a significant percentage of cases and therefore the identification of in-transit SLNs in these patients is really necessary. (orig.)

  11. Multimodal fusion imaging ensemble for targeted sentinel lymph node management: initial results of an innovative promising approach for anatomically difficult lymphatic drainage in different tumour entities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maza, Sofiane; Munz, Dieter L. [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Clinic for Nuclear Medicine, Berlin (Germany); Taupitz, Mathias [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Institute of Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Taymoorian, Kasra [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Clinic for Urology, Berlin (Germany); Winzer, Klaus J. [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Clinic for Gynecology and Birth Assistance/Breast Center, Berlin (Germany); Rueckert, Jens [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Clinic for General, Visceral, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Berlin (Germany); Paschen, Christian [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Ears, Nose and Throat Clinic, Berlin (Germany); Raeber, Gert [Hospital of the German Red Cross (DRK), Gynecological Clinic, Berlin-Koepenick (Germany); Schneider, Sylke; Trefzer, Uwe [Charite-Universitaetsmedizin, Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Skin Cancer Centre, Berlin (Germany)

    2007-03-15

    There are situations where exact identification and localisation of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) are very difficult using lymphoscintigraphy, a hand-held gamma probe and vital dye, either a priori or a posteriori. We developed a new method using a simultaneous injection of two lymphotropic agents for exact topographical tomographic localisation and biopsy of draining SLNs. The purpose of this prospective pilot study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of this method ensemble. Fourteen patients with different tumour entities were enrolled. A mixture of {sup 99m}Tc-nanocolloid and a dissolved superparamagnetic iron oxide was injected interstitially. Dynamic, sequential static lymphoscintigraphy and SPECT served as pathfinders. MR imaging was performed 2 h after injection. SPECT, contrast MRI and, if necessary, CT scan data sets were fused and evaluated with special regard to the topographical location of SLNs. The day after injection, nine patients underwent SLN biopsy and, in the presence of SLN metastasis, an elective lymph node dissection. Twenty-five SLNs were localised in the 14 patients examined. A 100% fusion correlation was achieved in all patients. The anatomical sites of SLNs detected during surgery showed 100% agreement with those localised on the multimodal fusion images. SLNs could be excised in 11/14 patients, six of whom had nodal metastasis. Our novel approach of multimodal fusion imaging for targeted SLN management in primary tumours with lymphatic drainage to anatomically difficult regions enables SLN biopsy even in patients with lymphatic drainage to obscure regions. Currently, we are testing its validity in larger patient groups and other tumour entities. (orig.)

  12. Radioguided occult lesion localisation in breast cancer using an intraoperative portable gamma camera: first results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes, P; Vidal-Sicart, S; Zanón, G; Roé, N; Rubí, S; Lafuente, S; Pavía, J; Pons, F

    2008-02-01

    The role of the radioguided occult lesion localisation (ROLL) technique in breast cancer has been increasing in recent years. One of the important drawbacks of such a technique is radiotracer spillage within the mammary gland that makes the precise lesion resection difficult, and this requires the use of a hook-wire collocation to reach the lesion. The possibility of obtaining an intraoperative image of the specimen could help to confirm whether the lesion is correctly removed. Some types of portable gamma cameras have been designed, but up to now, intraoperative use has been confined to surgery of parathyroid adenomas and sentinel lymph node location. The aim of the study was to value the usefulness of an intraoperative gamma camera to assess the resection of non-palpable breast lesions. The study involved 42 women diagnosed with non-palpable early breast cancer. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed on the day before surgery by injection of (99m)Tc-labelled nanocolloid. During surgery a gamma probe was used to guide the surgeon, and afterwards images of the surgical bed and the tumoral specimen were acquired by means of a portable gamma camera, fitted with a pinhole collimator. A (99m)Tc pointer was used to draw an outline image around the specimen. On lymphoscintigraphy, radiotracer was concentrated in 31 cases. During surgery, all lesions were removed. In the images acquired by the portable gamma camera, the lesion was centred inside the surgical specimen in 23 of 42 cases, non-centred in 15 and in contact in 4 cases. Congruence of 60% was found between the intraoperative images and the histopathological results. The posterior margin was the most frequently involved. The whole acquisition time for the tumoral specimen with its margins was 5 min at most. The use of portable gamma cameras in theatre is in an early phase. The short period of time required during the surgical procedure will allow the surgical team to improve this technique until it can replace hand-held

  13. Radioguided occult lesion localisation in breast cancer using an intraoperative portable gamma camera: first results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paredes, P. [Hospital Sant Pau, Nuclear Medicine Department, Barcelona (Spain); Vidal-Sicart, S.; Pavia, J.; Pons, F. [University of Barcelona, Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona (Spain); Institut d' Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona (Spain); Zanon, G. [University of Barcelona, Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona (Spain); Roe, N.; Rubi, S. [University of Barcelona, Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona (Spain); Lafuente, S. [Hospital Joan XXIII, Nuclear Medicine Department, Tarragona (Spain)

    2008-02-15

    The role of the radioguided occult lesion localisation (ROLL) technique in breast cancer has been increasing in recent years. One of the important drawbacks of such a technique is radiotracer spillage within the mammary gland that makes the precise lesion resection difficult, and this requires the use of a hook-wire collocation to reach the lesion. The possibility of obtaining an intraoperative image of the specimen could help to confirm whether the lesion is correctly removed. Some types of portable gamma cameras have been designed, but up to now, intraoperative use has been confined to surgery of parathyroid adenomas and sentinel lymph node location. The aim of the study was to value the usefulness of an intraoperative gamma camera to assess the resection of non-palpable breast lesions. The study involved 42 women diagnosed with non-palpable early breast cancer. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed on the day before surgery by injection of {sup 99m}Tc-labelled nanocolloid. During surgery a gamma probe was used to guide the surgeon, and afterwards images of the surgical bed and the tumoral specimen were acquired by means of a portable gamma camera, fitted with a pinhole collimator. A {sup 99m}Tc pointer was used to draw an outline image around the specimen. On lymphoscintigraphy, radiotracer was concentrated in 31 cases. During surgery, all lesions were removed. In the images acquired by the portable gamma camera, the lesion was centred inside the surgical specimen in 23 of 42 cases, non-centred in 15 and in contact in 4 cases. Congruence of 60% was found between the intraoperative images and the histopathological results. The posterior margin was the most frequently involved. The whole acquisition time for the tumoral specimen with its margins was 5 min at most. The use of portable gamma cameras in theatre is in an early phase. The short period of time required during the surgical procedure will allow the surgical team to improve this technique until it can replace

  14. First experiences with a new radiopharmaceutical for sentinel lymph node detection in malignant melanoma. {sup 99m}Tc colloidal rhenium sulphide; Erst Erfahrungen mit einem neuen Radiopharmakon fuer die Waechterlymphknoten-Detektion beim malignen Melanom: {sup 99m}Tc markiertes kolloidales Rheniumsulfid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, M.; Schmid, R.A.; Hahn, K. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin; Kunte, C.; Konz, B. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Dermatologische Klinik und Poliklinik

    2004-02-01

    Aim of this study was to localize the sentinel lymph node by lymphoscintigraphy using technetium-99m colloidal rhenium sulphide (Nanocis {sup trademark}), a new commercially available radiopharmaceutical. Due to the manufactures' instructions it is licensed for lymphoscintigraphy. Patients, methods: 35 consecutive patients with histologically proved malignant melanoma, but without clinical evidence of metastases, were preoperatively examined by injecting 20-40 MBq Nanocis {sup trademark} with (mean particle size: 100 nm; range: 50-200 nm) intradermally around the lesion. Additionally blue dye was injected intraoperatively. A hand-held gamma probe guided sentinel node biopsy. Results: During surgery, the preoperatively scintigraphically detected sentinel lymph nodes were identified in 34/35 (97%) patients. The number of sentinel nodes per patient ranged from one to four (mean: n=1.8). Histologically, metastatic involvement of the sentinel lymph node was found in 12/35 (34%) patients; the sentinel lymph node positive-rate (14/63 SLN) was 22%. Thus, it is comparable to the findings of SLN-mapping using other technetium-99m-labeled nanocolloides. Conclusion: {sup 99m}Tc-bound colloidal rhenium sulphide is also suitable for sentinel node mapping. (orig.) [German] Ziel dieser Studie war es, den Waechterlymphknoten (SLN) mittels Lymphszintigraphie unter Einsatz von Technetium-99m markiertem kolloidalem Rheniumsulfid (Nanocis {sup trademark}), einem neuen, kommerziell erhaeltlichen Radiopharmakon fuer lymphszintigraphische Untersuchungen zu lokalisieren. Patienten, Methoden: 35 konsekutive Patienten mit histologisch gesichertem malignen Melanom, jedoch ohne klinische Hinweise auf (Fern-)Metastasierung, wurden praeoperativ nach intradermaler, peritumoraler Injektion von 20-40 MBq Nanocis {sup trademark} (durchschnittliche Partikelgroesse: 100 nm; Streubreite: 50-200 nm) untersucht. Zusaetzlich erfolgte intraoperativ eine Blaufaerbung. Die intraoperative SLN

  15. Validation and application of the sentinel lymph node concept in malignant vulvar tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal-Sicart, Sergi; Puig-Tintoré, Lluís María; Lejárcegui, José Antonio; Paredes, Pilar; Ortega, María Luisa; Muñoz, Antonio; Ordi, Jaume; Fusté, Pere; Ortín, Jaime; Duch, Joan; Martín, Francisco; Pons, Francesca

    2007-03-01

    Inguinal lymphadenectomy, unilateral or bilateral, is widely used in cases of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma but has a high morbidity. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy may be used in the management of these patients. The aims of this study were firstly to determine the reliability of SLN biopsy in predicting regional lymph node status and secondly to apply this technique in the routine clinical setting. We prospectively studied 70 women with vulvar malignancies. The first 50 cases were of squamous vulvar cancer and were used to validate the SLN technique in this clinical setting (validation group). Once a satisfactory success rate had been achieved in the validation group, the SLN technique was applied to a further 20 patients with vulvar malignancies, i.e. squamous cell carcinoma (n=12) and melanomas (n=8) (application group). Dynamic and static images were acquired after the injection of 74-148 MBq of a colloidal albumin, and continued until SLN identification. Fifteen minutes before surgery, blue dye injection was administered in a similar manner to the radiocolloid. After incision, a hand-held gamma probe was used to find the SLN. In the validation group, dissection of the SLN was always followed by lymphadenectomy. In the application group, this procedure was only performed if the SLN was positive for metastases. For pathological staging, samples were evaluated using haematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry. In the validation group, lymphoscintigraphy allowed SLN detection in 49/50 patients (98%). Blue dye detected the SLN in 40/50 patients (80%). In 16 patients (33%), the SLN showed metastases in the pathology study. All 33 patients with negative SLN had regional lymph nodes negative for metastases (negative predictive value 100%). In the application group, lymphoscintigraphy showed drainage to an SLN in 19 out of 20 patients (95%) and blue dye demonstrated a stained SLN in 17/20 patients (85%). Seven of the 19 SLN-identified nodes (37

  16. Driver electronic device use in 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    The 2008 hand-held cell phone use rate translates into 812,000 vehicles being driven by someone using a hand-held cell phone at any given daylight moment.1 It also translates into an estimated 11 percent of the vehicles whose drivers were using some ...

  17. Determination of ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) serum protein concentrations by refractometry and the biuret method

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Elizabeth Moreira Dos Santos [UNESP; Paulillo, Antonio Carlos [UNESP; Dittrich, Rqsangela Locatelli; Hoppe, Estevam Guilherme Lux [UNESP; Bertoli, Rodolfo Silva

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of hand-held refractometer in determining serum protein concentrations in ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) as compared with the standard biuret method. The results indicated that serum protein values may be accurately determined in ring-necked pheasants with a hand-held refractometer. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2008.

  18. Determination of snake-necked turtle Hydromedusa tectifera (Cope, 1870) (Testudines: Chelidae) plasma protein concentrations by refractometry and the biuret method.

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Elizabeth Moreira dos Santos [UNESP; Lange, Rogerio Ribas; Paulillo, Antonio Carlos

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of hand-held refractometer in determining plasma protein concentrations in South American snake-necked turtle (Hydromedusa tectifera) as compared with the standard biuret method. The results indicated that plasma protein values may be accurately determined in snake- necked turtle with a hand-held refractometer.

  19. 33 CFR 175.130 - Visual distress signals accepted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals Day and Night 3 160.037 Hand-Held... use in combination with a suitable launching device approved under 46 CFR 160.028. 2 These devices may... with a suitable launching device approved under 46 CFR 160.028. 3 Must have manufacture date of 1 Oct...

  20. Access, attitudes and training in information technologies and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    smart phones are readily available even in low resource settings. The availability of medical applications, articles and eBooks for hand-held devices have made medical information readily accessible.1 Healthcare workers use computers and hand-held devices for various purposes including, but not limited to up-to-date ...

  1. Micromaths: Tea Cups, T Cubed, Discharge and the Elimination of Drips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldknow, Adrian

    1996-01-01

    Addresses the "T-cubed" or Teachers Teaching with Technology program and their courses utilizing hand-held technology such as graphic calculators, data-loggers and the TI-92 hand-held computer. Describes practical experiments involving discharge, a temperature probe, and an oscillating water sprinkler. (AIM)

  2. Load modeling for sharp V-cutter cutting litchi ( Litchi chinensis Sonn ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Integrating picking institutions with autocontrol method led to the development of a new innovative 'hand-held auto-picker' for litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) harvesting. Cutting load is a key parameter for 'hand-held auto-picker' operation. However, there is still no suitable model for cutting load setting. Hence, a model ...

  3. 75 FR 76400 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... hand held and stationary PIT-tag readers. In September and October, the study areas will be re-sampled... their movements using hand held and stationary PIT-tag readers. Data gathered from this study will... juvenile salmonids in estuarine environments, their feeding habits, and how they differ between systems...

  4. Field evaluation of indoor thermal fog and ultra-low volume applications for control of Aedes aegypti, in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efficacies of a hand-held thermal fogger (PatriotTM) and hand-held Ultra-low volume (ULV) sprayer (TwisterTM) with combinations of two different adulticides and an insect growth regulator (pyriproxyfen) were field assessed and compared for their impact on reducing dengue vector populations in Thaila...

  5. Preliminary study of the lymphatic drainage system of the nose and paranasal sinuses and its role in detection of sentinel metastatic nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, J M Sánchez; Santaolalla, F; Del Rey, A Sánchez; Martínez-Ibargüen, A; González, A; Iriarte, M Rodríguez

    2005-05-01

    The normal nasal lymphatic drainage runs via the facial vessels into the neck lymphatic nodes of levels I-II and this drainage pattern was found in our patients with sinonasal tumors. We found only one true-positive sentinel lymph node (SLN). Our pathological material was very limited and so further investigations are required before any valid conclusions can be drawn concerning the clinical value of SLNs in nasal tumors. Objectives. To detect the lymph collection route of the nasal fossae and paranasal sinuses and to identify the first echelon in the tumor metastatic cascade in order to prevent the risk of occult metastases in N0 necks in patients with primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Our control group comprised 30 patients (20 females; age range 19-50 years) suffering from chronic otitis media who had an anatomically normal nose and a cNO neck on palpation. The pathological group comprised 6 patients (2 females; age range 40-85 years) suffering from sinonasal tumors: 3 SCC, 1 recurrent melanoma, 1 ameloblastoma and 1 inverted papilloma. All had a clinically staged cNO neck on palpation and CT. In the control group, lymphoscintigraphy was carried out by means of unilateral injection of radioactive gold into the head of the inferior turbinate. The tracer was identified using a gamma camera 3 and 6 h after the injection. In the pathological group the chosen tracer was technetium, which was administered 1 day prior to surgery by means of injections into the heads of the inferior and middle turbinates, into the nasal septum and into the retromaxillary gingival mucosa. The tracer was identified transcutaneously using a navigator probe in the gamma camera at 15 min, 30 min and 1 h post-injection. A mark was drawn on the skin corresponding to the hot spot of the SLN. The study was repeated 30 min before surgery. The neck incision was selected according to the location of the SLN. A hand-held gamma probe was used in the operating theatre to detect in

  6. Metastases in patients with malignant melanoma despite of negative sentinel lymph node: has the concept to be changed?; Metastasierung beim malignen Melanom trotz histologisch negativem Sentinel Lymph Node: muss das Konzept in Frage gestellt werden?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, M.; Dresel, S.; Tatsch, K.; Hahn, K. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin; Konz, B.; Schmid-Wendtner, M.H.; Sander, C.; Volkenandt, M. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Dermatologische Klinik und Poliklinik

    2000-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to prove the prognostic value of the SLN-concept in these patients. Methods: So far the clinical follow-up of 162 patients with histologically proven malignant melanoma and metastatically uninvolved (negative) SLN was investigated. Histological examination included standard methods (HE-Test) and special histochemical techniques (S-100, HMB-45). All patients underwent clinical examination, ultrasonic diagnosis of the regional lymph nodes, and X-ray of the chest every 3 months. Results: Despite of negative SLN-findings in 8/162 patients metastases of the malignant melanoma were found after a time period of 5-27 months. Three patients presented with recurrence in the previously mapped (negative) SLN-basin. In another case the scintigraphically visualized SLN could not be identified intraoperatively by means of the hand-held gamma probe. One patient showed intransit-metastases or skin-metastases, respectively; another patient recurred in the scar area. One patient showed hematogenic dissemination (liver) which is not detectable by lymphoscintigraphy; in another patient metastases were found outside the primary lymphatic basin (cervical). Conclusion: In our patient group 4,9% presented with metastases despite negative SLN while published data report up to 11% (observation period 35 months), among them only 3 patients (1,9%) being real concept failures. Our results underline that there is no evidence to change this concept in patients with clinically early stage. (orig.) [German] Ziel dieser klinischen Verlaufsuntersuchung war es, die prognostische Aussage dieses Konzeptes zu pruefen. Methoden: Es wurde der Verlauf von 162 Patienten mit gesichertem malignen Melanom und histologisch unauffaelliger SLN-Biopsie verfolgt. Die histologische Aufarbeitung umfasste Standardmethoden (HE-Faerbung) und spezielle immunhistochemische Techniken (S-100, HMB-45, Stufenschnitte). Die Nachsorge (klinische Untersuchung, Sonographie regionaler Lymphknoten

  7. 140 consecutive cases of minimally invasive, radio-guided parathyroidectomy: lessons learned and long-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shabtai, M; Ben-Haim, M; Muntz, Y; Vered, I; Rosin, D; Kuriansky, J; Zmora, O; Olchovski, D; Ayalon, A; Zwas, S T

    2003-05-01

    The advent of highly accurate parathyroid imaging and the ever-increasing trend towards minimally invasive procedures have changed considerably the surgical approach to the patient with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) caused by a single parathyroid adenoma. This study analyzes the short- and longer-term results of 140 patients who underwent minimally invasive, radio-guided parathyroidectomy. Demographic, clinical, and pre-operative imaging data, operative findings, and short- and long-term results of 140 consecutive patients operated within a 20 months period (8/1999-4/2002), were prospectively entered into a database. Immediate pre-operative sestamibi scintigraphy with skin marking of focal adenoma uptake were followed by intraoperative hand-held gamma probe for the removal of the parathyroid adenoma by unilateral minimal access surgery. Preoperative and surgical data were analyzed and correlated to outcomes, measured by success or failure to cure PHPT, associated morbidity and mortality, predictive value of localizing studies, and postoperative laboratory results in the immediate as well as long-term period. 140 patients, mean age: 55.1 +/- 14.1 years (range 19-88 years), female to male ratio 94:46 with PHPT proven by concomitantly elevated serum calcium and parathormone (PTH) levels, with a single adenoma identified by sestamibi single photon emission tomography (SPECT) scintigraphy and high-resolution sonography, underwent minimally invasive, radio-guided parathyroidectomy. Mean serum levels of preoperative calcium, phosphorus, and PTH were 11.6 +/- 0.8 mg/dL (range 9.1-14), 3.0 +/- 0.3 mg/dL, and 147.1 +/- 94.3 pg/mL (range 68-784), respectively. Overall, in 3 out of 140 patients (2.1%), focused, minimally invasive surgery failed to identify and remove the adenoma. Positive predictive value when both localizing modalities concurred was 99.2%. Positive predictive value of SPECT scan alone was 97.2%. Overall success rate was 97.8% (137/140). 24 hours

  8. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Choices 10 Tips for a Healthy Back Smoking Weight Patient Safety Exercise Strengthening Strengthen Your Core! Stretching/ ... something providing resistance. It can be done with weights (hand-held or training machines) or using isometric ...

  9. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 15 repetitions at a slow and controlled pace... Resistance Training Resistance training is exercise done against something providing resistance. It can be done with weights (hand-held ...

  10. Testing and assessment of portable seismic property analyzer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Investigator will thoroughly test and assess the Portable Seismic Property Analyzer (PSPA), a hand-held device that focuses on : pavement layer properties. The device can be utilized on both rigid and flexible pavements. When used on rigid pavements,...

  11. Sonohysterography

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to ... be performed in women with active pelvic inflammatory disease. Sonohysterography may have a few limitations in certain ...

  12. Thyroid Scan and Uptake

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the gamma camera. A probe is a small hand-held device resembling a microphone that can detect ... intravenous (IV) catheter into a vein in your hand or arm. Depending on the type of nuclear ...

  13. Children's (Pediatric) Nuclear Medicine

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in a vein in your child’s arm or hand. Your child should wear loose, comfortable clothing and ... the gamma camera. A probe is a small hand-held device resembling a microphone that can detect ...

  14. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to ... intravenous (IV) line into a vein in your hand or arm so that sedative medication can be ...

  15. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... providing resistance. It can be done with weights (hand-held or training machines) or using isometric techniques. ... small canned goods) can be used instead of hand weights. Ask your doctor or physical therapist to ...

  16. Children's (Pediatric) Nuclear Medicine

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... molecular information. In many centers, nuclear medicine images can be superimposed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic ... small hand-held device resembling a microphone that can detect and measure the amount of the radiotracer ...

  17. Thyroid Scan and Uptake

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for several hours before your exam because eating can affect the accuracy of the uptake measurement. Jewelry ... small hand-held device resembling a microphone that can detect and measure the amount of the radiotracer ...

  18. Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in Nigeria, 2000-2013: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-10-03

    Oct 3, 2014 ... of HBV exposure among Nigerians at average risk is unknown. ... Key words: Africa, hepatitis B, meta‑analysis, Nigeria, prevalence, public health, survey ...... Using any mobile or other hand-held device with camera and ...

  19. LBA-ECO TG-07 Tree Geometry in an Undisturbed Forest in Cauaxi, Para, Brazil

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Canopy measurements in an undisturbed eastern Amazon forest (Cauxi, Para, Brazil. See Figure 1) were derived from a one-time event in 2000 using a hand-held laser...

  20. Microfluidic Multichannel Flow Cytometer Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Techshot, Inc. proposes continued research and development of an on-orbit cell counter culminating in a deliverable hand-held blood cell counter in the form of a...

  1. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... support for your body. Pilates, yoga and martial arts all provide well-rounded core strengthening programs. Simple ... hand-held or training machines) or using isometric techniques. Common household items (like small canned goods) can ...

  2. Thyroid Scan and Uptake

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the data obtained by the gamma camera. A probe is a small hand-held device resembling a ... will sit in a chair facing a stationary probe positioned over the thyroid gland in the neck. ...

  3. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or causes acute pain, you should stop doing it. Transverse Core Strengthening This strengthens the muscles that ... training is exercise done against something providing resistance. It can be done with weights (hand-held or ...

  4. Timber Measurements (OTTER)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Height, crown width, DBH, and height-to-crown distance collected using variable-radius plot sampling with steel tape and hand-held compass to locate points along...

  5. 77 FR 27417 - Foreign-Trade Zone 220-Sioux Falls, SD; Notification of Proposed Production Activity, Rosenbauer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ..., spray guns, other sprayers, hand-held pneumatic tools and parts, powered hose reels, safety and relief..., flashlight parts, electrical foam proportioning system and parts, tank suspension assemblies, swing-out shelf...

  6. CogGauge Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cog-Gauge is a portable hand-held game that can be used by astronauts and crew members during space exploration missions to assess their cognitive workload...

  7. Solution Conductivity Apparatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haworth, Daniel T.; Bartelt, Mark R.; Kenney, Michael J.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the construction of a conductivity meter that includes a timer and a readout display that provides semiquantitative information. The meter can be made into a hand-held or lecture hall (demonstration) version. (WRM)

  8. Implementation of Data Flow Query Language on a Handheld Device

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Evangelista, Mark A

    2005-01-01

    ... the World Wide Web, and query remote databases. However, hand held devices, because of its design philosophy, are limited in terms of size, memory, and processing power compared to desktop computers...

  9. Automatic Adaptation of Tunable Distributed Applications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chang, Fangzhe

    2001-01-01

    Current-day applications are written to execute on a wide range of platforms ranging from fast desktop computers to mobile laptops all the way to hand-held PDAs and cellular phones, spanning several...

  10. ELSIE: The Quick Reaction Spoken Language Translation (QRSLT)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Montgomery, Christine

    2000-01-01

    The objective of this effort was to develop a prototype, hand-held or body-mounted spoken language translator to assist military and law enforcement personnel in interacting with non-English-speaking people...

  11. The Wonders of Phosphodiesterase‑5 Inhibitors: A Majestic History

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya. Abstract ..... Using any mobile or other hand-held device with camera and GPRS/other internet source, one can reach to the full.

  12. A ZigBee-Based Wireless Sensor Network for Continuous Sound and Noise Level Monitoring on the ISS Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Acoustic survey is now performed using hand-held devices once every two months on the international space station (ISS). It takes quite a lot of precious crew time...

  13. Handheld Nonlinear Detection of Delamination and Intrusion Faults in Composites Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In Phase I of the SBIR program, LEEOAT Company will develop a hand-held high-resolution ultrasonic nonlinear imager for non-destructive inspection (NDI) of...

  14. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... be done with weights (hand-held or training machines) or using isometric techniques. Common household items (like ... palm. Hold for ten seconds and repeat six times. Then press your palm against your temple and ...

  15. Expanding the Interaction Lexicon for 3D Graphics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pierce, Jeffrey S

    2001-01-01

    .... This research makes several contributions to 3D interaction and virtual reality. The Voodoo Dolls technique is a new technique for manipulating objects in immersive 3D environments in which users manipulate hand-held copies of objects...

  16. ICT and mathematics: a guide to learning and teaching mathematics 11-19

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, G; Cadman, K.; Cain, D; Clark-Jeavons, A.; Fentem, R.; Foster, A; Jones, K; Oldknow, A.; Taylor, R.; Wright, D

    2005-01-01

    This report provides a review of ICT tools of particular relevance to mathematics education. The review cover a large range of hardware, software, and teaching materials including hardware for Whole class displays (data projectors, interactive whiteboards, TV adaptors, OHP pads), hand-held technology (such as calculators, graphical calculators, and other hand-held devices), "small" software programs (which address particular aspects of the mathematics curriculum), programming languages (such ...

  17. Reliability of knee joint position sense measurement: a comparison between goniometry and image capture methods

    OpenAIRE

    Irving, Fiona; Russell, Joseph; Smith, Toby

    2016-01-01

    Aims: Evaluate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of hand-held goniometry compared to image capture (IMC) in the assessment of joint position sense (JPS) in healthy participants. Methodology: Repeated-measures observational study design was undertaken with 36 asymptomatic university students of both genders aged between 18 to 45 years. JPS in the knee was assessed by two assessors over two sessions (one-week interval) using hand-held goniometry and IMC methods. Joint position sense w...

  18. The efficacy of low and high dose (99m)Tc-MIBI protocols for intraoperative identification of hyperplastic parathyroid glands in secondary hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gencoglu, Esra Arzu; Aktas, Ayse

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of low- and high-dose (99m)Tc-MIBI protocols for intraoperative identification of hyperplastic parathyroid glands via gamma probe in secondary hyperparathyroidism. This retrospective study was conducted using a prospective database of 59 patients who had undergone radioguided subtotal parathyroidectomy between 2004-2012. The patients were studied in 2 groups. Group 1 (n=31) received 37 MBq (99m)Tc-MIBI intravenously in the surgical room approximately 10 min before the beginning of the intervention and surgery was performed under gamma probe guidance. Group 2 (n=28) received 555 MBq (99m)Tc- MIBI intravenously 2h before surgery, which was also performed under gamma probe guidance. Intraoperative gamma probe findings, laboratory findings, and histopathological findings were evaluated together. Using acceptance of the histopathological findings as gold standard, sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative gamma probe for identifying hyperplastic parathyroid glands was 98% and 100%, respectively, in both groups. In the light of these findings, it is concluded that the low-dose (99m)Tc-MIBI protocol might be preferable for intraoperative identification of hyperplastic parathyroid glands in secondary hyperparathyroidism patients because it was observed to be as effective as the high-dose (99m)Tc-MIBI protocol. Furthermore, the low-dose protocol does not have the disadvantages that are associated with the high-dose protocol. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  19. Review of FieldWorker Advanced 2.3.5 and FieldWorker Pro 0.91 [Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Ryan

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Until quite recently, field data recording directly into a hand-held computer has been a minority practice in archaeology. This is equally true of many other field-based disciplines and professions. Often there has been a very small number of enthusiastic individuals who have successfully used hand-held machines since they first became available. The majority have looked on, some making encouraging or even envious noises, but few have been tempted to follow the pioneers' lead. Most have tended to regard the available systems as too limited, too delicate or too expensive for their needs. One area of field recording where hand-held computers have become established is automated data logging. Many archaeologists will have encountered direct data logging programs used with geophysical instruments, electronic theodolites or GPS survey equipment. Most are designed to work with, at best, a limited range of instruments, and many run only on a specialised hand-held computer, often one supplied with the instrument. When such software is available for more general purpose machines, it is often produced only for laptops running DOS or Windows, although the Psion hand-held range has established a small presence in this area.

  20. High-nitrogen-based pyrotechnics: longer- and brighter-burning, perchlorate-free, red-light illuminants for military and civilian applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabatini, Jesse J; Nagori, Amita V; Chen, Gary; Chu, Phillip; Damavarapu, Reddy; Klapötke, Thomas M

    2012-01-09

    The full-up prototype testing of perchlorate-free, hand-held, signal illuminants for the US Army's M126A1 red star parachute hand-held signal is described. Compared to the perchlorate-containing control, the disclosed illuminants yielded excellent stabilities toward various ignition stimuli while offering superior pyrotechnic performance. Militarily, the illuminants provided further evidence that development of smaller hand-held signal items in an environmentally conscious way is a realistic and obtainable goal. The results are also important from the perspective of civilian fireworks, as the development of brighter, longer-burning, and environmentally compatible red-light-emitting pyrotechnics is now possible. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. PTC-6 vacuum system: WallWalker{trademark} and Blastrac{reg_sign} shot blast cleaning system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The LTC Americas, Inc. wall decontamination technology consisted of two pneumatic hand-held tools: (1) a roto-peen scaler that used star cutters and (2) a 3-piston hammer with reciprocating bits. The hand-held tools were used in conjunction with the LTC PTC-6 vacuum system which captured dust and debris as the wall decontamination took place. Recommendations for improved worker safety and health during use of the PTC-6 vacuum system with hand-held tools include: (1) keeping all hoses and lines as orderly as possible in compliance with good housekeeping requirements; (2) ergonomic training to include techniques in lifting, bending, stooping, twisting, etc.; (3) use of a clamping system to hold hoses to the vacuum system; (4) a safety line on the air line connections; (5) use of a mechanical lifting system for waste drum removal; and (6) the use of ergonomically designed tools.

  2. Sentinel lymph node biopsy in oral cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jørn Bo; Sørensen, Jens Ahm; Grupe, Peter

    2005-01-01

    AND METHODS: Forty patients (17 F and 23 M, aged 32-90) with 24 T1 and 16 T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. Planar lymphoscintigraphy, emission and transmission tomography were performed. Detection and excision of the sentinel nodes were guided by a gamma probe. The sentinel nodes were step...

  3. Intraoperative search for neuroblastoma by MIBG and radioguided surgery with the gamma detector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heij, H. A.; Rutgers, E. J.; de Kraker, J.; Vos, A.

    1997-01-01

    Administration of a tumour-seeking compound labeled with a low-energy isotope and intraoperative screening with the gamma probe (radioguided surgery, RGS) could be useful in reoperations for advanced neuroblastoma when the normal anatomy is altered. A pilot study was performed to test the

  4. Augmented Reality Technologies on iPhone : What and how iPhone could achieve with Augmented Reality and 3D-graphics

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Hongyi

    2010-01-01

    Augmented Reality Technology becomes closer to normal life when found in hand-held devices. And hand-held devices get more and more computing power as the rising of chip energy efficiency. iPhone, as a quickly growing handset, is a promising platform for Augmented Reality application with its various built-in sensors. The author gave a review of iPhone platform regarding Augmented Reality. Then, the author attempted to carry out two prototypes of Augmented Reality games and performed evaluati...

  5. Automatic Identification & Mitigation of Unauthorized Information Leaking from Tactical Mobile Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    Google Android, NeoFreeRunner, Nokia Maemo, iPhone OS and Windows Phone OS are noteworthy hand-held device platforms capable of performing most of...other applications and services. Google Android, NeoFreeRunner, Nokia Maemo, iPhone OS and Windows Phone OS are noteworthy hand-held device platforms...web browser, music player, camera, and a horde of other applications and services. Google Android, NeoFreeRunner, Nokia Maemo, iPhone OS and Windows

  6. Detecção e exérese de lesões mamárias não palpáveis orientadas por cirurgia radioguiada com injeção de ar para controle radiológico Detection and excision of non-palpable breast lesions by radioguided surgery and air injection for radiological control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Henrique Szymanski Machado

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a eficiência da localização e exérese por cirurgia radioguiada de lesões ocultas mamárias utilizando radiofármaco injetado diretamente no interior das lesões ou até dois centímetros destas com posterior injeção de ar como controle radiológico. MÉTODOS: vinte e nove pacientes com 32 lesões mamárias ocultas, detectadas por mamografia ou ultra-sonografia, classificadas como Bi-Rads® 3, 4 e 5 foram incluídas neste estudo observacional com resultados expressos em percentagens. O radiofármaco utilizado foi o macroagregado de albumina marcado com tecnécio-99m (99mTc-MAA injetado por orientação mamográfica ou guiado por ultra-sonografia. A injeção do radiofármaco foi seguida pela imediata administração de ar, através da agulha da estereotaxia, visando o controle radiológico da injeção do radiofármaco. A biopsia excisional foi feita com o auxílio do aparelho portátil gamma-probe (detector de radiação gama e a remoção completa das lesões foi verificada pela radiografia das peças cirúrgicas ou por exame por congelação intra-operatório. RESULTADOS: câncer de mama foi encontrado em 10% (1/10 das lesões BI-RADS® 3, em 31,5% (6/19 das BI-RADS® 4 e em 66,6% (2/3 das BI-RADS® 5. As 29 pacientes corresponderam a 32 espécimes, cirúrgicos. O radiofármaco foi corretamente posicionado em 96,8% (31/32 dos espécimes permitindo remoção de 96,8% das lesões mamárias não palpáveis estudadas. A completa remoção da lesão foi demonstrada pela radiografia das peças em 23 casos (71,8%, pelo estudo intra-operatório por congelação em 21,8% (7/32 e por ambos os métodos em 6,2% (2/32. CONCLUSÃO: a cirurgia radioguiada é importante instrumento na remoção de lesões mamárias não palpáveis, tratando-se de método simples, rápido e exeqüível que pode ser implementado na rotina clínica dessas pacientes.PURPOSE: to asses the efficiency of the radioguided localization and removal of occult

  7. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    arc torch) consists of a hand held apparatus made of two ('twin') carbon or graphite electrodes whose distance from each other (so its arc) is operator controlled. The power of this type of torch comes from an AC or DC are welder. - quite common ...

  8. 46 CFR 197.420 - Operations manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS... planned. (c) The operations manual must provide for the safety and health of the divers. (d) The...) Hand-held power tools; (ii) Welding and burning equipment; and (iii) Explosives. specific diving mode...

  9. Robotics: Instructional Manual. The North Dakota High Technology Mobile Laboratory Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auer, Herbert J.

    This instructional manual contains 20 learning activity packets for use in a workshop on robotics. The lessons cover the following topics: safety considerations in robotics; introduction to technology-level and coordinate-systems categories; the teach pendant (a hand-held computer, usually attached to the robot controller, with which the operator…

  10. Gastric Outlet Obstruction from Duodenal Lipoma in an Adult

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hizawa K, Kawasaki M, Kouzuki T, Aoyagi K, Fujishima M. Unroofing technique for the endoscopic resection of a large duodenal lipoma. Gastrointest Endosc 1999;49:391‑2. New features on the journal's website. Optimized content for mobile and hand-held devices. HTML pages have been optimized of mobile and other ...

  11. the pedicled superior gluteal artery perforator flap

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    part of the greater sciatic foramen. Using a hand-held Doppler probe, all the perforator vessels around the point D were detected and marked on the skin. The most lateral perforator giving the highest Doppler signal was marked E. The sacral sore was then thoroughly debrided with complete bursectomy. According to the.

  12. High Accuracy Optical Inverse Square Law Experiment Using Inexpensive Light to Frequency Converters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanser, Keith H.; Mahrley, Steve; Tanner, Joshua

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we report on the use of two different light to frequency converters, four different light sources, three of which are novel and inexpensive, and a hand held digital multimeter with a frequency counter, suitable for making accurate and rapid determination of the optical inverse square law exponent of -2 to better than [plus or…

  13. An overview of methods for vascular mapping in the planning of free flaps

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Jeroen M.; Klein, Steven; Werker, Paul M. N.

    Introduction: The aim of this overview is to describe the various methods for vascular mapping of flaps together with their advantages and drawbacks. Materials and methods: The PubMed database was used. Relevant search terms included 'flap' in combination with 'hand-held Doppler' (HHD), 'colour

  14. A bird's eye view of PMTCT coverage at two regional hospitals and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To demonstrate the use of a postpartum audit to establish PMTCT coverage and programme deficiencies at hospitals and multiple primary health care facilities. Methods. A cross-sectional hospital-based medical chart audit of pregnant women admitted in labour to their regional hospital. Their antenatal hand-held medical ...

  15. A comparison of the quality of image acquisition between the incident dark field and sidestream dark field video-microscopes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Gilbert-Kawai; J. Coppel (Jonny); V. Bountziouka (Vassiliki); C. Ince (Can); D. Martin (Daniel)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstract__Background__ The ‘Cytocam’ is a third generation video-microscope, which enables real time visualisation of the in vivo microcirculation. Based upon the principle of incident dark field (IDF) illumination, this hand held computer-controlled device was designed to address the

  16. 76 FR 80886 - Approval for Manufacturing Authority; Foreign-Trade Zone 26; Makita Corporation of America; (Hand...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Approval for Manufacturing Authority; Foreign-Trade Zone 26; Makita Corporation of America; (Hand-Held/Stationary Power Tool and Gasoline/Electric-Powered Lawn and Garden Product...

  17. Mapping Images to Objects by Young Adults with Cognitive Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmien, Stefan; Wohldman, Erica

    2008-01-01

    How the type of representation (icons, photos of objects in context, photos of objects in isolation) displayed on a hand-held computer affected recognition performance in young adults with cognitive disabilities was examined. Participants were required to match an object displayed on the computer to one of three pictures projected onto a screen.…

  18. Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in estuarine and coastal waters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gons, H.J.; Rijkeboer, M.; Bagheri, S.; Ruddick, K.G.

    2000-01-01

    A hand-held spectroradiometer was used for above-water determination of subsurface spectral irradiance reflectance in the Scheldt Estuary (Belgium/The Netherlands), the North Sea off the Belgian coast, and the Hudson/Raritan Estuary (New York/New Jersey). On the North Sea the measurement conditions

  19. Optical teledetection of chlorophyll a in turbid inland waters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gons, H.J.

    1999-01-01

    Determination of subsurface spectral irradiance reflectance by use of a hand-held spectroradiometer and then estimation of chlorophyll a (Chl-a) concentration facilitate assessment of ecological change in turbid lakes, rivers, and estuaries. The method was applied under widely varying solar

  20. Decrease in peripheral muscle strength and ankle dorsiflexion as long-term side effects of treatment for childhood cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartman, Annelies; van den Bos, Cor; Stijnen, Theo; Pieters, Rob

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated muscle strength, passive ankle dorsiflexion, and their association with motor performance in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Wilms tumor, B-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and malignant mesenchymal tumors. Muscle strength was assessed with a hand-held

  1. The relationship between osteoarthritis of the hands, bone mineral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    They underwent thorough clinical examination including measurement of body mass index (BMI). They completed the AUSCAN questionnaire. Grip strength was measured using a hand held dynamometer and lateral pinch strength was measured using a pinchmeter. They underwent BMD measurement at the hip and wrist ...

  2. Micro FETによる肩・肘・手関節筋力の標準値

    OpenAIRE

    金子, 翼; 村木, 敏明; 長尾, 徹

    1997-01-01

    Micro FET (Hoggan Health Industries, Inc., USA) is a hand-held dynamometer designed for measuring human muscle strength. The purpose of this study was to establish norms for shoulder, elbow and wrist muscle strength employing Micro FET. The right-handed 1

  3. The efficacy of woodsticks on plaque and gingival inflammation: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoenderdos, N.L.; Slot, D.E.; Paraskevas, S.; van der Weijden, G.A.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To review the literature on whether a hand-held triangular woodstick, as compared with no adjunct or other interdental cleaning device in addition to daily toothbrushing, can improve clinical parameters of gingival inflammation. Material and Methods: MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central

  4. Visualizing Fluorescence: Using a Homemade Fluorescence "Microscope" to View Latent Fingerprints on Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaFratta, Christopher N.; Huh, Sun Phill; Mallillin, Allistair C.; Riviello, Peter J.; Walt, David R.

    2010-01-01

    We describe an inexpensive hand-held fluorescence imager (low-magnification microscope), constructed from poly(vinyl chloride) pipe and other inexpensive components for use as a teaching tool to understand the principles of fluorescence detection. Optical filters are used to select the excitation and emission wavelengths and can be easily…

  5. Feeling Is Believing: A Secure Template Exchange Protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buhan, I.R.; Doumen, J.M.; Hartel, Pieter H.; Veldhuis, Raymond N.J.; Lee, Seong-Whan; Li, Stan Z.

    We use grip pattern based biometrics as a secure side channel to achieve pre-authentication in a protocol that sets up a secure channel between two hand held devices. The protocol efficiently calculates a shared secret key from biometric data. The protocol is used in an application where grip

  6. The Impact of Student Response Systems on the Learning Experience of Undergraduate Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walklet, Elaine; Davis, Sarah; Farrelly, Daniel; Muse, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Student response systems (SRS) are hand-held devices or mobile phone polling systems which collate real-time, individual responses to on-screen questions. Previous research examining their role in higher education has highlighted both advantages and disadvantages of their use. This paper explores how different SRS influence the learning experience…

  7. Should Technology Be a Concern for Parents of Preschoolers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeShelter, Lori; Slutsky, Ruslan

    2017-01-01

    Due to an influx of new technology, children today have more options for how they engage in play through technology than ever before. Computers, tablets, hand held video games and parents' cell phones are among the numerous technologies that affect children's playtime. Traditional play and technology play are two ways that young children engage in…

  8. Embedding "Clickers" into Classroom Instruction: Benefits and Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blood, Erika; Gulchak, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Student response systems, often called clickers, have become more popular and visible in the K-12 classroom in recent years. There are numerous competing systems on the market, but all perform the same function: to allow the student to use a small hand-held device (i.e., a clicker), or even web browsers on laptops or mobile phones, to respond to…

  9. Teaching Digital Citizenship in a Global Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pescetta, Marxan

    2011-01-01

    As technology continues to change the way society communicates, teachers need to prepare their students for digital literacy and competencies in their adulthood. Specific training is necessary for educators in the appropriate and effective methods for incorporating technologies such as smart phones and hand-held devices. Teachers, who work in…

  10. 36 CFR 1254.26 - What can I take into a research room with me?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... belongings. You may take a hand-held wallet and coin purse for the carrying of currency, coins, credit cards... wallet or purse is sufficiently small for purposes of this section. You may take cell phones, pagers, and...) and, for cell phone cameras, in § 1254.70(g). (b) Notes and reference materials. You may take notes...

  11. Monitoring of pesticide applicators for potential dermal exposure to malathion and biomarkers in urine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuomainen, A.; Kangas, J.A.; Meuling, W.J.A.; Glass, R.C.

    2002-01-01

    Malathion was applied to roses in three Finnish greenhouses by hand held lance sprayers. The potential dermal exposure of applicators to this insecticide was measured. Total urine production of each applicator was also collected up to 24 h post application. In the urine samples the specific

  12. Your Child's Development: 1.5 Years (18 Months)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pick up the toy.") can point to some body parts ("Where is your nose?") Movement and Physical Development runs walks up stairs with hand held throws a ball takes off some clothes scribbles with a crayon Social and Emotional Development begins to engage in pretend ...

  13. Electromyographic activity of trunk muscles during exercises with flexible and non-flexible poles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goncalves, M.; Marques, N.R.; Hallal, C.Z.; van Dieen, J.H.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Hand-held flexible poles which are brought into oscillation to cause alternating forces on trunk, are advocated as training devices that are supposed to solicit increased levels of stabilizing trunk muscle activity. The aim of this study was to verify this claim by comparing

  14. Where do I answer nature's call? An assessment of accessibility and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In addition, hand-held global positioning system (GPS) receivers were used to pick geographic coordinates of various public toilets. The results indicate inadequacies in the spatial distribution of public toilets with a concentration of these facilities in the central areas of the town. It also revealed financial constraints, distance ...

  15. Attitudes and Awareness Regarding Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research | Oct-Dec 2013 | Vol 3 | Issue 4 | ... 2014, IP: 197.87.13.14] || Click here to download free Android application for ..... Using any mobile or other hand-held device with camera and GPRS/other.

  16. Lasers | RadTown USA | US EPA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-07

    Laser light is an intense, focused beam of visible light radiation. Lasers are used in many workplaces, including construction, surveying and medicine. High-powered laser light can cause severe skin burns and permanent eye damage. Hand-held laser pointers are not toys. They should not be used by children.

  17. Evaluation of methods to assess push/pull forces in a construction task

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoozemans, M. J.; van der Beek, A. J.; Frings-Dresen, M. H.; van der Molen, H. F.

    2001-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to determine the validity of methods to assess push/pull forces exerted in a construction task. Forces assessed using a hand-held digital force gauge were compared to those obtained using a highly accurate measuring frame. No significant differences were found

  18. The Case of the Druid Dracula: A Directed "Clicker" Case Study on DNA Fingerprinting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brickman, Peggy

    2006-01-01

    This article describes how case studies have been successfully implemented in an introductory biology course of 300+ students using available technologies ranging from WebCT, used to assign students to permanent small groups (as well as assign groups to regions of a large lecture hall), to hand-held response systems (aka "clickers"), which…

  19. The Case of the Druid Dracula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brickman, Peggy

    2006-01-01

    This article describes how case studies have been successfully implemented in an introductory biology course of 300+ students using available technologies ranging from WebCT, used to assign students to permanent small groups (as well as assign groups to regions of a large lecture hall), to hand-held response systems (aka "clickers"), which…

  20. Monitoring microcirculation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ocak, Işık; Kara, Atila; Ince, Can

    2016-01-01

    The clinical relevance of microcirculation and its bedside observation started gaining importance in the 1990s since the introduction of hand-held video microscopes. From then, this technology has been continuously developed, and its clinical relevance has been established in more than 400 studies.

  1. On-chip Raman spectrometer for the detection of early dental caries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ismail, N.; Worhoff, Kerstin; Choo-Smith, L.P.; Baclig, A.C.; Caspers, P.J.; Puppels, G.J.; Driessen, A.; de Ridder, R.M.; Pollnau, Markus

    We measured Raman spectra of extracted human teeth using an integrated arrayed-waveguide-grating spectrometer fabricated in silicon-oxynitride technology. The results represent a step towards the realization of compact, hand-held, integrated spectrometers for the detection of early dental caries.

  2. Finding the Efficient Set Using the Critical Line Technique and EXCEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangiero, George A.; Manley, John F.

    2006-01-01

    This paper extends the discussion of the critical line approach using three risky stocks as described in Haugen's Modern Investment Theory, 4th edition. A dynamic presentation of the concepts involved in finding the efficient set, using two EXCEL spreadsheets and an HP-12C hand-held calculator, is provided. This dynamic presentation will enable…

  3. Wireless Wonders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Katherine L.

    1995-01-01

    Cellular phones are becoming indispensable to school employees. There are three types: mobile, transportable, and hand-held, pocket-sized phones. Conversion from analog to digital technology has improved service and gained new customers. A Texas junior high school's new minicellular system allows teachers phone access to parents and has improved…

  4. General Ultrasound Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  5. Ultrasound -- Pelvis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  6. Children's (Pediatric) Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  7. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  8. Sonohysterography

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  9. Prostate Ultrasound

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  10. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... consist of a console containing a computer and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  11. Muscle phenotype in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anne Grete Kielgast; Orngreen, Mette C; Preisler, Nicolai Rasmus

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The pathogenesis of muscle involvement in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is not well understood. In this study, we characterized the muscle phenotype in patients with confirmed DM1. Methods: In 38 patients, muscle strength was tested by hand-held dynamometry. Myotonia...

  12. Analog Gradient Beamformer for a Wireless Ultrasound Scanner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    di Ianni, Tommaso; Hemmsen, Martin Christian; Bagge, Jan Peter

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a novel beamformer architecture for a low-cost receiver front-end, and investigates if the image quality can be maintained. The system is oriented to the development of a hand-held wireless ultrasound probe based on Synthetic Aperture Sequential Beamforming, and has the advant...

  13. Portable Ultrasound Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    di Ianni, Tommaso

    This PhD project investigates hardware strategies and imaging methods for hand-held ultrasound systems. The overall idea is to use a wireless ultrasound probe linked to general-purpose mobile devices for the processing and visualization. The approach has the potential to reduce the upfront costs ...

  14. Does Handedness Influence the Strength of Phantom Limb Illusions in the Virtual Reality Box?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett-Cowan, M.; Peters, M.

    2004-01-01

    Subjects had to judge the size of a tactile stimulus held in the unseen hand, while a visible phantom hand representing that unseen hand held a tactile stimulus of same or different size. No asymmetries in interference effects were found that could be related to hand or handedness. The method lends itself to quantification of virtual reality box…

  15. Job Performance Aids: Research and Technology State-of-the-Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-07-01

    LOGICAL PROCESSES x x CMG X X Computer Aided Loop Diagram Representation X X Computer (Hand-held) X XX X X COST X X DATO X K X X 3-D DYNAMIC DISPLAY X X...example, tab size (Rees & Kama, 1959); tabular displays (Wright & Fox, 1972); and special page coatings to resist grease, dirt, and dampness--but design

  16. Influence of tillage practices on physical properties of a sandy loam ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 cm and 15-30 cm), for determination of volumetric (.v) moisture content, bulk density (Bd), and total porosity (TP) of the soil at selected dates, while soil penetration resistance (PR) was determined using hand held digital penetrometer. Tillage systems significantly (p = 0.05) affected. Bd and TP of the soil at two of the four ...

  17. Topology optimization of radio frequency and microwave structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aage, Niels

    This thesis focuses on topology optimization of conductor-based microwave and radio frequency electromagnetic devices. The research is motivated by the ever increasing usage of small hand-held, or autonomous, electric devices, which have lead to a series of new challenges for the design...

  18. The Place of Calculators in Mathematics Education in Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissane, Barry; Kemp, Marian

    2012-01-01

    Technology has become a major force in developing curricula and educational practice in mathematics education internationally. While many technologies are important in affluent developed countries, the hand-held calculator continues to be the technology most likely to be available to students when and where they need it. Modern calculators have…

  19. Manual tracking in three dimensions.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mrotek, L.A.; Gielen, C.C.A.M.; Flanders, M.

    2006-01-01

    Little is known about the manual tracking of targets that move in three dimensions. In the present study, human subjects followed, with the tip of a hand-held pen, a virtual target moving four times (period 5 s) around a novel, unseen path. Two basic types of target paths were used: a peanut-shaped

  20. Precalculus Teachers' Perspectives on Using Graphing Calculators: An Example from One Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Ilyas; Thompson, Denisse R.

    2018-01-01

    Graphing calculators are hand-held technological tools currently used in mathematics classrooms. Teachers' perspectives on using graphing calculators are important in terms of exploring what teachers think about using such technology in advanced mathematics courses, particularly precalculus courses. A descriptive intrinsic case study was conducted…

  1. Programming Embedded Systems With C and GNU Development Tools

    CERN Document Server

    Barr, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Whether you're writing your first embedded program, designing the latest generation of hand-held whatchamacalits, or managing the people who do, this book is for you. Programming Embedded Systems will help you develop the knowledge and skills you need to achieve proficiency with embedded software.

  2. Adults with patellofemoral pain do not exhibit manifestations of peripheral and central sensitization when compared to healthy pain-free age and sex matched controls - An assessor blinded cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Rathleff, Camilla Rams; Stephenson, Aoife

    2017-01-01

    . The investigator taking the PPT measurements was blinded to which participants had PFP. PPTs were reliably measured using a Somedic hand-held pressure algometer at three sites: 1) The centre of the patella, 2) the tibialis anterior muscle and 3) a remote site on the lateral epicondyle. For the assessment of CPM...

  3. Modern Rhythmic Gymnastics. A Supplement to the K-12 Physical Education Curriculum Guide. Curriculum Support Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Heather; Plumton, Diane

    This resource package has been designed to assist the instructor in using modern rhythmic gymnastics (MRG) to support the objectives cited in the "K-12 Physical Education Curriculum Guide," developed by the Manitoba Department of Education. MRG is based on scientific principles of movement, and makes use of small, hand-held apparatus…

  4. Pattern and spatial distribution of plague in Lushoto, north-eastern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A review of plague records from 1986 to 2002 and household interviews were carried out in the plague endemic villages to establish a pattern and spatial distribution of the disease in Lushoto district, Tanzania. Spatial data of households and village centres were collected and mapped using a hand held Global Positioning ...

  5. Uganda | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Our funding helped develop the Uganda Health Information Network, an electronic system that successfully addresses information and data flow problems in an under-resourced health system. Hand-held computers, mobile caching services, and mobile telephones enable health workers in isolated areas to record ...

  6. A comparison of the quality of image acquisition between the incident dark field and sidestream dark field video-microscopes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gilbert-Kawai, Edward; Coppel, Jonny; Bountziouka, Vassiliki; Ince, Can; Martin, Daniel; Ahuja, V.; Aref-Adib, G.; Burnham, R.; Chisholm, A.; Clarke, K.; Coates, D.; Coates, M.; Cook, D.; Cox, M.; Dhillon, S.; Dougall, C.; Doyle, P.; Duncan, P.; Edsell, M.; Edwards, L.; Evans, L.; Gardiner, P.; Grocott, M.; Gunning, P.; Hart, N.; Harrington, J.; Harvey, J.; Holloway, C.; Howard, D.; Hurlbut, D.; Imray, C.; Jonas, M.; van der Kaaij, J.; Khosravi, M.; Kolfschoten, N.; Levett, D.; Luery, H.; Luks, A.; Martin, D.; McMorrow, R.; Meale, P.; Mitchell, K.; Montgomery, H.; Morgan, G.; Morgan, J.; Murray, A.; Mythen, M.; Newman, S.; O'Dwyer, M.; Pate, J.; Plant, T.; Pun, M.; Richards, P.; Richardson, A.; Rodway, G.; Simpson, J.; Stroud, C.; Stroud, M.; Stygal, J.; Symons, B.; Szawarski, P.; van Tulleken, A.; van Tulleken, C.; Vercueil, A.; Wandrag, L.; Wilson, M.; Windsor, J.; Basnyat, B.; Clarke, C.; Hornbein, T.; Milledge, J.; West, J.; Abraham, S.; Adams, T.; Anseeuw, W.; Astin, R.; Burdall, O.; Carroll, J.; Cobb, A.; Coppel, J.; Couppis, O.; Court, J.; Cumptsey, A.; Davies, T.; Diamond, N.; Geliot, T.; Gilbert-Kawai, E.; Gilbert-Kawai, G.; Gnaiger, E.; Haldane, C.; Hennis, P.; Horscroft, J.; Jack, S.; Jarvis, B.; Jenner, W.; Jones, G.; Kenth, J.; Kotwica, A.; Kumar, R. B. C.; Lacey, J.; Laner, V.; Mahomed, Z.; Moonie, J.; Mythen, P.; O'Brien, K.; Ruggles-Brice, I.; Salmon, K.; Sheperdigian, A.; Smedley, T.; Tomlinson, C.; Ward, S.; Wight, A.; Wilkinson, C.; Wythe, S.; Feelisch, M.; Hanson, M.; Moon, R.; Peters, M.

    2016-01-01

    Background: The 'Cytocam' is a third generation video-microscope, which enables real time visualisation of the in vivo microcirculation. Based upon the principle of incident dark field (IDF) illumination, this hand held computer-controlled device was designed to address the technical limitations of

  7. TWIN CARBON ARC TORCH

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    its predominate applications in heating, brazing, and welding have been supplanted by the highly developed oxyacetylene torch. As seen in Fig. l, the twin carbon arc torch (henceforth referred to in this article as simply the carbon-arc torch) consists of a hand held apparatus made of two ('twin') carbon or graphite electrodes ...

  8. Air Distribution in Protective Shelters

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    software . This report must not be cited for purposes of advertisement. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY U. &. ARMY DUGWAY PROVING GROUND DUGWAY0 UTAH 6402240005 "M.Y... TIPO sensor which is used for hand-held gas monitoring. (TIP* is a Trademark of Photovac, Inc., of Thornhill, Ontario, Canada.) The TIP-SJ2 was

  9. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis among primary school students in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An operational definition was set to classify the types of VKC and hand held slit lamp microscope was used to examine all study subjects. Results: A ... population. As VKC is a chronic, recurrent condition, school health education about its supportive and symptomatic management need to be given to teachers and students.

  10. Utilization of ocular safety devices among Sawmill workers in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ocular examination was done on site with a pen torch, portable hand-held slit lamp bio-microscope and direct ophthalmoscope. ... Conclusion: There is need to safeguard the ocular health of sawmill workers in Nigeria by provision of eye safety devices, health education of the workers on the benefits of its use and ...

  11. Improved Academic Performance and Student Perceptions of Learning through Use of a Cell Phone-Based Personal Response System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Sihui; Steger, Daniel G.; Doolittle, Peter E.; Stewart, Amanda C.

    2018-01-01

    Personal response systems, such as clickers, have been widely used to improve the effectiveness of teaching in various classroom settings. Although hand-held clicker response systems have been the subject of multiple prior studies, few studies have focused on the use of cell phone-based personal response system (CPPRS) specifically. This study…

  12. Mathematics Education: Is There an App for That?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larkin, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Applications (apps) for hand-held devices, such as IPads and smart phones, are in great supply. Many of these focus on mathematics. A recent search revealed more than 4,000 apps for mathematics education. The ease of access and the fact that they are generally low cost, often free, means that they are readily available to the general population…

  13. Drawings as Input for Handheld Game Computers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poel, Mannes; Zwiers, Jakob; Nijholt, Antinus; de Jong, R.; Krooman, E.; Maybury, Mark; Stock, Oliveiro; Wahlster, Wolfgang

    2005-01-01

    The Nintendo DS (TM) is a hand held game computer that includes a small sketch pad as one of it input modalities. We discuss the possibilities for recognition of simple line drawing on this device, with focus of attention on robustness and real-time behavior. The results of our experiments show that

  14. 75 FR 16391 - Limiting the Use of Wireless Communication Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the purpose of snow/ice removal; and persons operating a CMV for emergency response activities (all of... of text messaging on young novice driver performance. Victoria, Australia: Monash University Accident.... Legislation in Australia prohibits hand-held phones, but a large proportion of the participants said that they...

  15. Urban field guide: applying social forestry observation techniques to the east coast megalopolis

    Science.gov (United States)

    E. Svendsen; V. Marshall; M.F. Ufer

    2006-01-01

    A changing economy and different lifestyles have altered the meaning of the forest in the northeastern United States, prompting scientists to reconsider the spatial form, stewardship and function of the urban forest. The Authors describe how social observation techniques and the employment of a novel, locally based, participatory hand-held monitoring system could aid...

  16. THE INFLUENCE OF HANDEDNESS ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF MUSCULAR WEAKNESS OF THE ARM IN FACIOSCAPULOHUMERAL MUSCULAR-DYSTROPHY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BROUWER, OF; PADBERG, GW; VANDERPLOEG, RJO; RUYS, CJM; BRAND, R

    1992-01-01

    The strength of 10 muscle groups in both arms was measured using hand-held myometry to determine the influence of handedness on left-right differences of muscle strength in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). Two groups of subjects were studied: 24 healthy volunteers (19 right-handed),

  17. M-libraries 4 from margin to mainstream : mobile technologies transforming lives and libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Ally, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    A brand new edition of the highly successful M-Libraries series, this draws together cutting-edge international contributions from the leading authorities in the field. It explores the variety of work that libraries are doing across the world to deliver resources to users via mobile and hand-held devices.

  18. Muscle strength in patients with chronic pain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Wilgen, C.P.; Akkerman, L.; Wieringa, J.; Dijkstra, P.U.

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the influence of chronic pain on muscle strength. Design: Muscle strength of patients with unilateral nonspecific chronic pain, in an upper or lower limb, were measured according to a standardized protocol using a hand-held dynamometer. Before and after muscle strength

  19. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... use progressively heavier balls, you will experience more benefit from this exercise... Sagittal Core Strengthening You can ... can be done with weights (hand-held or training machines) or using isometric ... program that matches your abilities. Neck Press This is ...

  20. Mathematical Modelling in the International Baccalaureate, Teacher Beliefs and Technology Usage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, R.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the introduction of mathematical modeling into the mathematics assessment program of the International Baccalaureate Diploma. Considers structured and open modeling in the pre-university mathematics program. Discusses influences of the use of hand-held technology on mathematical modeling and teacher and assessor beliefs about modeling…

  1. Prostate Ultrasound

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us ... medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical ... is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  2. General Ultrasound Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us ... medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical ... is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  3. Sonohysterography

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us ... medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical ... is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  4. Ultrasound -- Pelvis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us ... medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. There are ... is a small hand-held device that resembles a microphone, attached to the scanner ...

  5. Taking on the Heat--A Narrative Account of How Infrared Cameras Invite Instant Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haglund, Jesper; Jeppsson, Fredrik; Schönborn, Konrad J.

    2016-01-01

    Integration of technology, social learning and scientific models offers pedagogical opportunities for science education. A particularly interesting area is thermal science, where students often struggle with abstract concepts, such as heat. In taking on this conceptual obstacle, we explore how hand-held infrared (IR) visualization technology can…

  6. Prevention: Exercise

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Physical Therapy Postural Training Traction Watchful Waiting and Education Injection Treatments for Spinal Pain Epidural Steroid Injections ... can be done with weights (hand-held or training machines) or using isometric ... program that matches your abilities. Neck Press This is ...

  7. Computer Algebra Systems: Permitted but Are They Used?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Robyn; Bardini, Caroline

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1990s, computer algebra systems (CAS) have been available in Australia as hand-held devices designed for students with the expectation that they will be used in the mathematics classroom. The data discussed in this paper was collected as part of a pilot study that investigated first year university mathematics and statistics students'…

  8. Conceptests for a Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falconer, John L.

    2007-01-01

    Examples of conceptests and suggestions for preparing them for use in an undergraduate, chemical engineering thermodynamics course are presented. Conceptests, combined with hand-held transmitters (clickers), is an effective method to engage students in class. This method motivates students, improves their functional understanding of…

  9. An assessment of accessibility and utilisation of toilet facilities in Wa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-10-13

    Oct 13, 2009 ... hand-held global positioning system (GPS) receivers were used to pick geographic coordinates of various public toilets. ... Also, their impact on human and environmental health needs to be taken into account. .... Environmental Health Officers, Building Inspectorate Officers and the Wa Municipal. Assembly ...

  10. GIS Analysis in the Siting of Incinerators as a Panacea for Solid Waste

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sanda Dogara & Auwal Abdul

    urbanization and social development, resources exploitation and unchecked technological advancement (Adejobi and. Olorunnimbe, 2012). Butu et al (2013) observed that urbanization affects land-use, when not controlled it causes the .... was collected from the field using a hand-held Global Positioning. System (GPS) and ...

  11. The potential of lacquer-peel soil profiles for palaeo-geochemical analysis using XRF analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arnoldussen, Stijn; van Os, B.J.H.

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the suitability of hand-held XRF analysis to extract palaeo-geochemical information from lacquer-peel soil sections that have been taken to document pedological information at geological and archaeological sites. This not only allows the study of sections from archaeological and

  12. Tracing euxinia by molybdenum concentrations in sediments using handheld X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (HHXRF)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Tais W.; Ruhl, Micha; Hammarlund, Emma U.

    2013-01-01

    sigma) after a daily calibration to samples covering a range of Mo concentrations from 0 to >30 ppm. Hand-held XRF equipment also allows Mo measurements directly on fresh rock surfaces, both in the field and under laboratory conditions. Rock-samples from a Cambrian drill core closely match ICPMS...

  13. Albinism

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... those with albinism can often have a negative impact on people with the condition. Children with albinism may experience ... annual eye and skin exams throughout their lives. People with Hermansky-Pudlak and ... Use low vision aids, such as a hand-held magnifying glass, a ...

  14. Marketplace of Memory: What the Brain Fitness Technology Industry Says about Us and How We Can Do Better

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Daniel R.; Whitehouse, Peter J.

    2011-01-01

    In the therapeutic void created by over 20 failed Alzheimer's disease drugs during the past decade, a new marketplace of "brain fitness" technology products has emerged. Ranging from video games and computer software to mobile phone apps and hand-held devices, these commercial products promise to maintain and enhance the memory,…

  15. Hand-Controlled Brazing-Paste Dispenser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Jeffrey L.

    1994-01-01

    Hand control proven superior to foot control. Hand-operated switch added to hand-held brazing-alloy-paste dispenser yields improved, more consistent brazing-alloy beads. Dispenser used to apply paste between adjacent tubes in heat exchanger. Switch reliable and safe, and removed and reattached easily.

  16. Physical and Acoustical Properties of Surface Sediment from Venezuela Basin. A Data Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Monney (1974): .,K21.4) ^^^ Hand-held torque measurements were made without regard to the resistance of the vane shaft to rotation in the sediment... Monney , N.T. (1974). An analysis of the vane shear test at varying rates of shear. In: A.L. Inderbitzen (Ed.), Deep-Sea Sediments: Physical and

  17. 75 FR 80014 - Drivers of CMVs: Restricting the Use of Cellular Phones

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... ordinance on motor vehicle traffic control that restricts the use of hand-held mobile telephones... committing a violation of a ``State or local law on motor vehicle traffic control'' (49 U.S.C. 31301(12)(G... driver of State or local law or ordinance on motor vehicle traffic control that restricts the use of such...

  18. Reconfigurable Mobile Multimedia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria; Bos, M.; Havinga, Paul J.M.; Smit, Jaap

    1999-01-01

    This paper discusses reconfigurability issues in lowpower hand-held multimedia systems, with particular emphasis on energy conservation. We claim that a radical new approach has to be taken in order to fulfill the requirements - in terms of processing power and energy consumption - of future mobile

  19. Ad Hoc Subgroup on Nondevelopmental C(3)I Items 1984/1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    FIGURE 3. 2-9 q! This page intentionally left blank 2-10 CECOM RECOMMENDED Army NDI ACQUISITION PROCESS Si cience FOR 40 MONTH FUE. [ £ Board a 10 20 30...items which have reached saturation include hand-held calculators, digital watches, citizen band radios, video games, personal computers, various types

  20. INDICATOR OF EUTROPHICATION AND SEDIMENT LOAD: HYPERSPECTRAL TECHNIQUE FOR CONTINUOUS COVERAGE OF DEEP RIVERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remote sensing techniques were used to characterize and quantify spatial and temporal variation in water quality of the Great Miami River in Ohio. An initial feasibility study was conducted in the summer of 1999 using a non-imaging hand-held spectroradiometer to ascertain the pr...

  1. HYPERSPECTRAL TECHNIQUE AS AN INDICATOR OF EUTROPHICATION AND SEDIMENT LOAD FOR DEEP RIVERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remote sensing techniques were used to characterize and quantify spatial and temporal variation in water quality of the Great Miami River in Ohio. An initial feasibility study was conducted in the summer of 1999 using a non-imaging hand-held spectroradiometer to ascertain the pre...

  2. 78 FR 62970 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... revisions to the definitions of showerhead and hand-held showerhead; removal of body sprays from the... to certification reporting requirements for both of these products. These proposed rulemakings serve... rule adds rounding instructions for certification reporting requirements for measures of water use for...

  3. 21 CFR 888.4540 - Orthopedic manual surgical instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orthopedic manual surgical instrument. 888.4540... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES Surgical Devices § 888.4540 Orthopedic manual surgical instrument. (a) Identification. An orthopedic manual surgical instrument is a nonpowered hand-held device...

  4. Pocket guide to herbal medicine

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kraft, Karin; Hobbs, Christopher

    2004-01-01

    ... medical reference texts are these days being "ported" into the memory of hand-held electronic devices or on-line databases. This development, welcomed by gadgetry enthusiasts, eliminates the hefty size and weight of the printed tome, but decreases the legibility and convenience of the printed page as well as undermining the narr...

  5. STS-9 and Amateur Radio. NASA Educational Briefs for the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    Designed for secondary and postsecondary school students, the article discusses the STS-9 (Space Transportation System), a hand-held amateur radio (ham) station used on the Space Shuttle Columbia. The article details the mechanics of this battery-powered unit and how it is used. Separate sections discuss necessary equipment for picking up space…

  6. Where Worlds Collide : A typological and compositional analysis of the copper-alloy mounts from Viking Age Walcheren

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roxburgh, Marcus A.; IJssennagger, Nelleke; Huisman, Hans D.J.; Van Os, Bertil J.H.

    2015-01-01

    In this article we present a new typological analysis, supported by compositional data gathered using Hand-Held X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (HH-XRF), for a large group of Viking-Age mounts, found in and around the North Sea coastal town of Domburg (Walcheren, The Netherlands). This new data

  7. Software Aids for radiologists: Part 2, Essential apps for handheld devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Michael L

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this review is to summarize applications (apps) for hand-held computing devices that can be essential aids to radiologists. Numerous apps are relevant to radiologists. Although the author prefers Apple iPad and iPhone apps, similar Android apps fill many of the same software niches.

  8. Bedside Split Thickness Skin Graft using a Safety Razor Blade: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Background: Orthopedic and Plastic surgeons deal with wounds on daily basis. Open fractures are prone ... Because of patient poverty or for the expediency of dealing with wounds as fast as possible, bedside split thickness skin graft using hand-held razor blade may be employed to cover wounds. We present our ...

  9. Metates and Hallucinogens in Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Jones

    1991-11-01

    Full Text Available Metates are grinding stones on which corn and other substances are ground with hand-held stones called manos. A clue that grinding stones were associated with mushroom rituals is, for example, provided by a tripod metate from NW Costa Rica belonging to the period of the 2nd or 3rd century AD.

  10. Top Smartphone Apps to Improve Teaching, Research, and Your Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2011-01-01

    Not long ago, it seemed absurd for academics to carry around a computer, camera, and GPS device every where they went. Actually, it still seems absurd. But many professors (and administrators) now do just that in the form of all-in-one devices. Smartphones or tablet computers combine many functions in a hand-held gadget, and some users are…

  11. Purple haze. Combined geochemical and Pb-Sr isotope constraints on colourants in Celtic glass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huisman, D.J.; van der Laan, J.; Davies, G.; van Os, B.; Roymans, N.; Fermin, B.; Karwowski, M.

    2017-01-01

    The composition of 2977 Late Prehistoric glass objects was investigated to derive information on the nature of the colourants used. 2673 Late Iron Age Celtic (La Tène) bracelet fragments from the Netherlands and Austria and 51 Early Iron Age beads from the Netherlands were analysed. Hand-held XRF

  12. The Infrared Thermometer in School Science: Teaching Physics with Modern Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girwidz, Raimund; Ireson, Gren

    2011-01-01

    Infrared thermometers measure temperature from a distance, using the infrared radiation emitted by all objects. These so-called non-contact thermometers make a wide variety of temperature measurement and monitoring activities accessible to school-age students. Portable hand-held sensors also enable new or simplified investigations to be carried…

  13. Using an Infrared Thermometer for Solar Pyranometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, B. H.

    2011-01-01

    The simple hand-held infrared thermometer can be used to measure the temperature of surfaces of different reflectivity exposed to sunlight and wind. From four temperature measurements of black and white panels in windy and wind-sheltered conditions, together with the two wind speed measurements, both the flux of incident solar radiation and the…

  14. The Impacts of Organic Pollution on the Hydrochemistry and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    Analysis of Water Samples : Air and Water temperatures, dissolved oxygen (DO) and total dissolved solids (TDS) were measured in-situ at every sampling station with mercury in glass thermometer, hand held LaMotte DO Meter (DO 6. PLUS) and LaMotte TDS Meter (TDS 6 PLUS) respectively. Water samples were collected ...

  15. Motorcycle injuries in north-central Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-03-23

    Mar 23, 2011 ... More in-depth education of the riders and passengers, strict enforcement of traffic regulation, restriction or partial ban of ... HTML pages have been optimized for mobile and other hand-held devices (such as iPad, Kindle, iPod) for faster browsing speed. Click on [Mobile Full text] from Table of Contents page.

  16. Teaching and Learning Competent Historical Documentary Making: Lessons from National History Day Winners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fehn, Bruce R.; Schul, James E.

    2011-01-01

    Today's students grow up in a technological milieu of hand-held computers with high storage capacities, internet access, and the ability to shoot high definition photographs and video. As such, they are empowered to construct representations of the past virtually "on the run." In this article, the authors investigated the historical "and"…

  17. A Miniature Recording Cardiotachometer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zsombor-Murray, Paul J; Vroomen, Louis J.; Hendriksen, Nils Thedin

    1981-01-01

    The design of a miniature, recording cardiotachometer is described. It is simple and can store digital data. Bench and field tests, using a hand-held display, are presented. Construction and principles of operation are discussed. Applications, with performing athlete subjects, are outlined....

  18. determination of elemental constituents for three herbal plants

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr A.B.Ahmed

    The dried leaves are grinded to fine powder using pestle and mortar. The powdered samples are put into three transparent plastic bags (30 mm × 15 mm) and labeled A, B and. C.A hand held XRF machine is used to determine the elemental constituents of the respective leaves which appear on the screen of the machine.

  19. Documentation goes wireless: a look at mobile healthcare computing devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waegemann, C Peter; Tessier, Claudia

    2002-09-01

    Patient care information often suffers as it travels from handwritten notes, dictation, or the memory of the clinician to the medical record. Hand-held devices equipped with mobile healthcare aplications can bring documentatin to the point of care. In this article, learn how mobile healthcare computing devices can decrease medical errors, increase efficiency, and improve the delivery of care.

  20. A diurnal reflectance model using grass: Surface-substrate interaction and inverse solution - October 16, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    We report an analysis of canopy reflectance (ρ) experiment, using hand-held radiometer to measure distribution of biomass in a grass field. The analysis: 1) separates the green-fraction from thatch and soil background, 2) accounts for the changing diurnal ρ with the sun elevation...

  1. A Functional Theory of Creative Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    injectors hand-held calculators ring-activated guns CAD/CAE/CAM (a) Science fiction science fact space elevators light sails terraforming transporters...Associates, Hillsdale, NJ. Wilensky, R. (1983). Planning and Understanding. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA. WKRP Episode 60 (1980). Venus and The Man

  2. 46 CFR 160.036-3 - Materials, workmanship, construction and performance requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Materials, workmanship, construction and performance...) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.036-3 Materials, workmanship, construction and...

  3. Exergaming Theories: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kooiman, Brian; Sheehan, Dwayne D.

    2015-01-01

    Until recently exergaming was seldom a topic of research. The technology that makes exergaming possible was not available to consumers. In 2006, Nintendo released the Wii gaming system. This new system allowed for interactive physical movement beyond simple hand held play. The Wii system contained hardware and software that responded to movements…

  4. Egg temperature and embryonic metabolism of A- and B-eggs of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1987-08-04

    Aug 4, 1987 ... Servomex OA 570 paramagnetic oxygen analyser. Initial oxygen concentration in the hot-room was measured by pumping hot-room air through the analyser with a hand- held aspirator. Embryonic oxygen consumption (Vo2 ) was calculated from Equation 1 of Vleck, Hoyt & Vleck (1979) and corrected to ...

  5. 77 FR 33717 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... held and stationary PIT-tag readers. In September and October, the study areas will be re-sampled using... movements using hand held and stationary PIT-tag readers. Data gathered from this study will provide... provide information on the ecology of juvenile salmonids in estuarine environments, their feeding habits...

  6. 78 FR 37653 - Notice of Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 Safety Grants and Solicitation for Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... activities include innovative traffic enforcement projects with particular emphasis on texting and hand-held cell phone prohibitions, work zone enforcement, rural road safety, and innovative traffic enforcement initiatives such as high-visibility traffic enforcement programs to promote safe driving behaviors among car...

  7. 76 FR 82179 - Drivers of CMVs: Restricting the Use of Cellular Phones

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 75470), which restricted the use of ] hand-held mobile telephones by drivers of commercial motor vehicles. That rule was jointly issued by FMCSA and Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 390 Drivers of CMVs: Restricting the Use of...

  8. Afican Health Sciences Vol 9 No 1.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    inactivation; 48.3% of the disinfectants were not in the original containers while 53.4% of the sessions involved the use of same brush for cleaning clipper and brushing hair. Hand-held flame and Ultra-violet light sterilizer ... instruments such as those used for barbering, circumcision, facial scarification, incision, tattooing, ear.

  9. Foreign Body Retrieval

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and electronics, a video display screen and a transducer that is used to do the scanning. The transducer is a small hand-held device that resembles ... by a cord. Some exams may use different transducers (with different capabilities) during a single exam. The ...

  10. Mapping of DSP Algorithms on Field Programmable Function Arrays

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heysters, P.M.; Smit, Jaap; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria; Havinga, Paul J.M.

    This position paper discusses reconfigurability issues in low-power hand-held multimedia systems. A reconfigurable systems-architecture is introduced, with a focus on a Field Programmable Function Array (FPFA). Application domain specific algorithms determine the granularity of FPFA processor tiles.

  11. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart E of... - Schedule of Environmental Differentials Paid for Exposure to Various Degrees of Hazards, Physical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... which results in exposure of the skin, eyes or respiratory system to irritating fibrous glass particles... MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PREVAILING RATE SYSTEMS Premium Pay and Differentials Pt. 532, Subpt. E... charges —Loading, assembly, and packing of hand-held signals, smoke signals, and colored marker signals...

  12. Nanolithography for oxide nanoarrays and their application in medical devices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lüttge, Regina; Teherani, Ferechteh Hosseini; Look, David C.; Litton, Cole W.; Rogers, David J.

    2010-01-01

    Using lithographic patterning techniques, normally we aim for the integration of structural elements into a more complex apparatus, which can be at various length scales, for example hand-held equipment. Nanoscale fabricated pillars, holes or wires have shown unique properties already and ordering

  13. Evaluation of methods to determine the spectral variations of aerosol optical thickness

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Suresh, T.; Talaulikar, M.; Rodrigues, A.; Desa, E.; Chauhan, P.

    The methods used to derive spectral variations of aerosol optical thickness, AOT are evaluated. For our analysis we have used the AOT measured using a hand held sunphotometer at the coastal station on the west coast of India, Dona-Paula, Goa...

  14. Quantifying Protein Concentrations Using Smartphone Colorimetry: A New Method for an Established Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Clifford T.; Kehoe, Eric; Pomerantz, William C. K.; Penn, R. Lee

    2017-01-01

    Proteins are involved in nearly every biological process, which makes them of interest to a range of scientists. Previous work has shown that hand-held cameras can be used to determine the concentration of colored analytes in solution, and this paper extends the approach to reactions involving a color change in order to quantify protein…

  15. The use of {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} for detection of sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinilkin, I., E-mail: sinilkinig@oncology.tomsk.ru; Chernov, V.; Medvedeva, A.; Zeltchan, R. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Slonimskaya, E.; Doroshenko, A. [Tomsk Cancer Research Institute, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation); Varlamova, N.; Skuridin, V. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, 634050 (Russian Federation)

    2016-08-02

    Purpose: to study the feasibility of using the new radiopharmaceutical based on the technetium-99m-labeled gamma-alumina for identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in breast cancer patients. The study included two groups of breast cancer patients who underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and intraoperaive gamma probe identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). To identify SLNs, the day before surgery Group I patients (n = 34) were injected with radioactive {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and Group II patients (n = 30) received {sup 99m}Tc-labeled phytate colloid. A total of 37 SLNs were detected in Group I patients. The number of identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 2 (the average number of identified SLNs was 1.08). Axillary lymph nodes were the most common site of SLN localization. 18 hours after {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} injection, the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 7–11% (of the counts in the injection site) by SPECT and 17–31% by gamma probe detection. In Group II SLNs were detected in 27 patients. 18 hours after injection of the phytate colloid the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 1.5–2% out of the counts in the injection site by SPECT and 4–7% by gamma probe. The new radiopharmaceutical based on the {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} demonstrates high accumulation in SLNs without redistribution through the entire lymphatic basin. The sensitivity and specificity of {sup 99m}Tc-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were 100% for both SPECT and intraoperative gamma probe identification.

  16. Dose estimative in operators during petroleum wells logging with nuclear wireless probes through computer modelling; Estimativa da dose em operadores durante procedimentos de perfilagem de pocos de petroleo com sondas wireless nucleares atraves de modelagem computacional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Edmilson Monteiro de; Silva, Ademir Xavier da; Lopes, Ricardo T., E-mail: emonteiro@nuclear.ufrj.b, E-mail: ademir@nuclear.ufrj.b, E-mail: ricardo@lin.ufrj.b [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Lima, Inaya C.B., E-mail: inaya@lin.ufrj.b [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Instituto Politecnico do Rio de Janeiro (IPRJ/UERJ), Nova Friburgo, RJ (Brazil); Correa, Samanda Cristine Arruda, E-mail: scorrea@cnen.gov.b [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (DIAPI/CGMI/CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Rocha, Paula L.F., E-mail: ferrucio@acd.ufrj.b [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)., RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia

    2011-10-26

    This paper evaluates the absorbed dose and the effective dose on operators during the petroleum well logging with nuclear wireless that uses gamma radiation sources. To obtain the data, a typical scenery of a logging procedure will be simulated with MCNPX Monte Carlo code. The simulated logging probe was the Density Gamma Probe - TRISOND produced by Robertson Geolloging. The absorbed dose values were estimated through the anthropomorphic simulator in male voxel MAX. The effective dose values were obtained using the ICRP 103

  17. Radioguided surgery of primary hyperparathyroidism in a population with a high prevalence of thyroid pathology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Talavera, Paloma [University Hospital of Valladolid, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Valladolid (Spain); Gonzalez, Carmen; Gomez, Alberto [University Hospital of Salamanca, Department of Surgery, Salamanca (Spain); Garcia-Talavera, Jose Ramon; Martin, Esther; Martin, Mariano [University Hospital of Salamanca, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Salamanca (Spain)

    2010-11-15

    Patients with concomitant thyroid pathology are usually excluded from minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP). We assessed the value in these patients of the gamma probe, alone or in combination with other techniques, in MIRP and unilateral or bilateral approaches. We evaluated its performance in association with intraoperative determination of intact parathyroid hormone (ioPTHi) and preoperative {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI dual phase scintigraphy. Included in the study were 87 patients with a diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent radioguided surgery. They were divided into two groups depending on the presence of concomitant thyroid pathology (TP group, 33 patients) or absence of concomitant thyroid pathology (NTP group, 54 patients). In the TP group, ioPTHi achieved the highest accuracy (90.9%), followed by the gamma probe (81.8%) and scintigraphy (69.7%). In the NTP group, the probe (94.4%) performed better than ioPTH and scintigraphy (both 85.2%). In the TP group, scintigraphy in combination with the gamma probe had a success rate of 90.9%, and 94% in combination with ioPTHi. The three techniques are applied together had a success rate of 97%. For all patients undergoing MIRP, the probe alone worked well, irrespective of the presence or absence of concomitant thyroid pathology. Patients with concomitant thyroid pathology should not be a priori excluded from a MIRP, as long as other adjuvant techniques (scintigraphy or ioPTHi) are used in conjunction with the gamma probe. In these patients, the probe can also be helpful in unilateral or bilateral surgery. (orig.)

  18. Thyroid dyshormonogenesis detected through a modified perchlorate discharge test using a gamma-camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Sami U; Khan, Aakif U; Khan, Ayub; Khan, Kamran; Ullah, Hameed

    2009-07-01

    To find an easy tool to detect dyshormonogenesis. In this study, the standard perchlorate discharge test was modified by using a gamma-camera instead of a gamma-probe to detect this rare abnormality. By using this technique two cases of dyshormonogenesis were identified. The gamma-camera-based perchlorate discharge test is an easy, reliable, convenient, and feasible procedure where thyroid uptake probe is not available.

  19. The first experience of using of 99mTc-Al2O3 for detection of sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doroshenko, A.; Chernov, V.; Medvedeva, A.; Zeltchan, R.; Slonimskaya, E.; Varlamova, N.; Skuridin, V.; Dergilev, A.; Sinilkin, I.

    2016-06-01

    Purpose: to study the feasibility of using the new radiopharmaceutical based on the technetium-99m-labeled gamma-alumina for identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in breast cancer patients. Materials and methods. The study included two groups of breast cancer patients who underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and intraoperaive gamma probe identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). To identify SLNs, the day before surgery Group I patients (n=34) were injected with radioactive 99mTc-Al203, and Group II patients (n=30) received 99mTc-labeled phytate colloid. Results. A total of 37 SLNs were detected in Group I patients. The number of identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 2 (the average number of identified SLNs was 1.08). Axillary lymph nodes were the most common site of SLN localization. At 18 hours after 99mTc-Al203 injection, the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 7-11% (of the counts in the injection site) by SPECT and 17-31% by gamma probe detection. In Group II patients, SLNs were detected in 27 patients. At 18 hours after injection of the phytate colloid, the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 1.5-2% out of the counts in the injection site by SPECT and 4-7% by gamma probe. Conclusion. The new radiopharmaceutical based on the 99mTc - Al203 demonstrates high accumulation in SLNs without redistribution through the entire lymphatic basin. Sensitivity and specificity of 99mTc - Al203 were 100% for both SPECT and intraoperative gamma probe identification.

  20. The use of 99mTc-Al2O3 for detection of sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinilkin, I.; Chernov, V.; Medvedeva, A.; Zeltchan, R.; Slonimskaya, E.; Doroshenko, A.; Varlamova, N.; Skuridin, V.

    2016-08-01

    Purpose: to study the feasibility of using the new radiopharmaceutical based on the technetium-99m-labeled gamma-alumina for identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in breast cancer patients. The study included two groups of breast cancer patients who underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and intraoperaive gamma probe identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). To identify SLNs, the day before surgery Group I patients (n = 34) were injected with radioactive 99mTc-Al2O3, and Group II patients (n = 30) received 99mTc-labeled phytate colloid. A total of 37 SLNs were detected in Group I patients. The number of identified SLNs per patient ranged from 1 to 2 (the average number of identified SLNs was 1.08). Axillary lymph nodes were the most common site of SLN localization. 18 hours after 99mTc-Al2O3 injection, the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 7-11% (of the counts in the injection site) by SPECT and 17-31% by gamma probe detection. In Group II SLNs were detected in 27 patients. 18 hours after injection of the phytate colloid the percentage of its accumulation in the SLN was 1.5-2% out of the counts in the injection site by SPECT and 4-7% by gamma probe. The new radiopharmaceutical based on the 99mTc-Al2O3 demonstrates high accumulation in SLNs without redistribution through the entire lymphatic basin. The sensitivity and specificity of 99mTc-Al2O3 were 100% for both SPECT and intraoperative gamma probe identification.

  1. Feasibility of sentinel lymph node dissection using Tc-99m phytate in papillary thyroid carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paek, Se Hyun; Yi, Ka Hee; Kim, Su-Jin; Choi, June Young; Park, Young Joo; Park, Do-Joon; Kang, Keon Wook; Chung, June-Key

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Various methods of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in thyroid cancer have been introduced. Tc-99m phytate as a radiotracer has been successfully utilized for SLN biopsy in breast, cervix, and endometrial cancer. We assessed the feasibility of SLN dissection using Tc-99m phytate in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods Seventeen patients with PTC were prospectively enrolled. Ultrasound-guided peritumoral injection of 55.5 MBq Tc-99m phytate in 0.25-mL normal saline was performed. Preoperative single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) and intraoperative gamma-probe were used for SLN detection during operation. Results Identification rate of SLNs was 70.6% (12 of 17) with SPECT, and 88.2% (15 of 17) with gamma-probe. Combined SPECT and gamma-probe had identification rates of 88.2% (15 of 17). Identification rates of SLNs in central LN compartments were 82.4% (14 of 17) and 41.2% (7 of 17) in lateral LN compartments. Overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the results of SLN biopsy were 91.6%, 100%, 88.4%, and 100%, respectively. Eight patients (47.1%) had metastasis in SLNs; all patients had SLN metastasis in the central compartment and 2 patients had SLN metastasis in both the central and lateral compartments. Conclusion Combined SPECT and gamma-probe could detect SLNs with an 88.2% identification rate in PTC. SLN biopsy using Tc-99m phytate is technically feasible. Further investigation is warranted for clinical application of Tc-99m phytate in PTC. PMID:29184876

  2. Enhanced treatment of osteoid osteoma by intraoperative isotopic marking: a case report; Optimisation du traitement de l'osteome osteoide par le reperage isotopique peroperatoire: a propos d'un cas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddam, A.; Bsiss, A.; Ech charraq, I.; BenRais, N. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Rabat (Morocco); Bakriga, B.; Moustain, M.R. [CHU Ibn Sina, Service de Traumatologie, Rabat (Morocco); Hamama, J. [Hopital Militaire Mohammad V, Service de Chirurgie Maxillofaciale, Rabat (Morocco)

    2009-06-15

    Osteoid osteomas are small-sized benign painful bony tumours. Their complete surgical ablation consists in the proper treatment. The use of a portable Gamma probe allows to accurately localize the osteoid osteoma after radiolabelling and to reduce the size of incision and the bony ablation. We report the case of a patient having benefited from an isotopic intraoperative localization of an osteoid osteoma in the left tibia. Discussion chapter includes a comprehensive review of literature. (authors)

  3. Shifting attention across near and far spaces: implications for the use of hands-free cell phones while driving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferlazzo, Fabio; Fagioli, Sabrina; Di Nocera, Francesco; Sdoia, Stefano

    2008-11-01

    In three experiments, participants performed two tasks concurrently during driving. In the peripheral detection task, they responded manually to visual stimuli delivered through a LED placed on the internal rear mirror; in the conversation task, they were engaged in a conversation with a passenger, or through earphone-operated, loudspeaker-operated, or hand-held cell phones. Results showed that drivers were slower at responding to the visual stimuli when conversing through a hand-held cell phone or an earphone-operated cell phone than when conversing through a loudspeaker-operated cell phone or with a passenger. These results suggest that due to the brain coding the space into multiple representations, devices that make phone conversations taking place in the near, personal space make drivers slower at responding to visual stimuli, compared to devices that make the conversation occurring in a far space.

  4. Calculator programs guide directionally drilled wells through tangled Thums lease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, D.D.; Barth, J.W.

    1983-10-01

    Over 900 wells have been directionally drilled in the Long Beach Unit of the East Wilmington field from four man-made islands and land-based drilling sites. As more wells are added to each site, the planning of new well courses has become more complex. The hand-held calculator, with Long Beach Unit-developed programs, has been an aid in laying out new wells which avoid existing cased bore holes. The hand-held calculator method also prevented unnecessary commercial computer runs of well plats from surface locations that prove impossible or impractical to drill. With the use of these programs the optimum well course can be designed, reducing drilling and design costs.

  5. Augmented Reality and Mobile Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwilt, Ian

    The combined notions of augmented-reality (AR) and mobile art are based on the amalgamation of a number of enabling technologies including computer imaging, emergent display and tracking systems and the increased computing-power in hand-held devices such as Tablet PCs, smart phones, or personal digital assistants (PDAs) which have been utilized in the making of works of art. There is much published research on the technical aspects of AR and the ongoing work being undertaken in the development of faster more efficient AR systems [1] [2]. In this text I intend to concentrate on how AR and its associated typologies can be applied in the context of new media art practices, with particular reference to its application on hand-held or mobile devices.

  6. Evaluation test of ALIS in Cambodia for humanitarian demining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Motoyuki

    2010-04-01

    ALIS is a hand-held dual sensor developed by Tohoku University, Japan since 2002. Dual sensor is a general name of sensor for humanitarian demining, which are equipped with metal detector and GPR. ALIS is only one hand-held dual sensor, which can record the sensor position with sensor signals. Therefore, the data can be processed after data acquisition, and can increase the imaging capability. ALIS has been tested in some mine affected courtiers including Afghanistan (2004), Egypt(2005), Croatia(2006-) and Cambodia(2007-). Mine fields at each country has different conditions and soil types. Therefore testes at the real mine fields are very important. ALIS has detected more than 30 AP-Mines in evaluation test in Cambodia held in 2009.

  7. No programming required. Mobile PCs can help physicians work more efficiently, especially when the application is designed to fit the practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, J

    2000-09-01

    The Jacobson Medical Group San Antonio Jacobson Medical Group (JMG) needed a way to effectively and efficiently coordinate referral information between their hospitalist physicians and specialists. JMG decided to replace paper-based binders with something more convenient and easily updated. The organization chose to implement a mobile solution that would provide its physicians with convenient access to a database of information via a hand-held computer. The hand-held solution provides physicians with full demographic profiles of primary care givers for each area where the group operates. The database includes multiple profiles based on different healthcare plans, along with details about preferred and authorized specialists. JMG adopted a user-friendly solution that the hospitalists and specialists would embrace and actually use.

  8. APPLICATION OF APPARATUS – NOISENESS ANALYSER ON LABORATORY CONDITIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Jozef KRAJŇÁK; Robert GREGA

    2014-01-01

    Noise and vibration are concomitant work processes, all machinery possibly different production machines or vehicles. Vibration and noise of the working environment can not be completely eliminated, but they can be reduced to an acceptable value. Our goal is to reduce vibration and noise just using pneumatic flexible shaft couplings. To measure use hand-held analyzer type 2250. The article describes a device for measuring noise which is located at our workplace. It's a sound an...

  9. Analysis of Adhesively Bonded Ceramics Using an Asymmetric Wedge Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    edges along the lengths of the titanium adherends was cleaned with a small hand-held electric grinding wheel to remove excess adhesive flow. The...energy and bond line durability of titanium bonded to alumina using a structural epoxy film adhesive. This testing scheme limited bending to the more... epoxy adhesive used for the study is estimated to have an initial Gc value ranging from 1000 to 2000 J/m2. A wedge 4 thickness () of 3.18 mm

  10. UH-60 BIM Blanket Tap Test Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-22

    Laser Shearography systems , and a hand held ultrasonic tester with varying success. Implementation and Technology Transfer The NCDMM recommends the...implementation of a technology termed “Laser Shearography ” developed by Laser Technology, Inc. (LTI). Laser Shearography systems use a common path...accompanying the system is capable of stitching the individual test pictures together to form a picture of the complete blade surface. Utilizing this advanced

  11. Robotized transcranial magnetic stimulation

    CERN Document Server

    Richter, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Presents new, cutting-edge algorithms for robot/camera calibration, sensor fusion and sensor calibration Explores the main challenges for accurate coil positioning, such as head motion, and outlines how active robotic motion compensation can outperform hand-held solutions Analyzes how a robotized system in medicine can alleviate concerns with a patient's safety, and presents a novel fault-tolerant algorithm (FTA) sensor for system safety

  12. The sweet spot of a biological hammer: the centre of percussion of glyptodont (Mammalia: Xenarthra) tail clubs

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco, R. Ernesto; Jones, Washington W; Rinderknecht, Andrés

    2009-01-01

    The importance of the centre of percussion (CP) of some hand-held sporting equipment (such as tennis rackets and baseball bats) for athletic performance is well known. In order to avoid injuries it is important that powerful blows are located close to the CP. Several species of glyptodont (giant armoured mammals) had tail clubs that can be modelled as rigid beams (like baseball bats) and it is generally assumed that these were useful for agonistic behaviour. However, the variation in tail clu...

  13. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 1 - Records Search, Homestead AFB, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    Sewer / Silver Recovery to DPDO * OB/GYN Clinic 990 Yes No -- Pharmacy 990 Yes No .- Surgery/Anethesiology 990 Yes No Urology , Morgue, ICU, BES, 990 Yes No... sewer , mostly as a result of cleaning hand-held application equipment. As with other solid wastes, empty drums and other containers have been disposed of...residual fluids, and it was not a routine practice to first wet the burn area with water before applying inflammable liquids. Considering the soil and

  14. Handgrip strength and ideal cardiovascular health among Colombian children and adolescents: The FUPRECOL Study

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Tordecilla- Sanders, Alejandra; Jorge E. Correa-Bautista; Peterson, Mark D.; Garcia-Hermoso, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the association between handgrip strength and ideal cardiovascular health in Colombian children and adolescents. Study design: During the 2014-2015 school years, we examined a crosssectional component of the FUPRECOL study. Participants included 1,199 (n=627 boys) youths from Bogota (Colombia). Handgrip strength was measured with a standard adjustable hand held dynamometer and expressed relative to body mass (HG/body mass) and as absolute values in kilograms. Ideal card...

  15. Quantum Spin Gyroscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-15

    Progress Report (ONR Award No. N00014-14-1-0804) Quantum Spin Gyroscope August 2014-July 2015 Report Type: Annual Report Primary Contact E-mail...Quantum Spin Gyroscope Grant/Contract Number: N00014-14-1-0804 Principal Investigator Name: Paola Cappellaro Program Manager: Richard Tommy Willis...Abstract Gyroscopes find wide application in everyday life, from navigation to rotation sensors in hand-held devices and automobiles. In addition, they can

  16. Ultrasound guided needle biopsy of skeletal muscle in neuromuscular disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindequist, S; Schrøder, H D; Larsen, C

    1990-01-01

    Guided by ultrasonography percutaneous needle biopsy of skeletal muscle was performed in 24 patients, using the one hand held Biopty system and a 2 mm Tru-Cut needle. The specimens were graded with regard to diagnostic quality and utility and almost all specimens (96%) were of highest quality....... The use of ultrasonography was helpful in selecting a suitable area for the biopsy and vascular structures could be avoided. The procedure was well tolerated and easy to perform, and no complications were recorded....

  17. Artificial Pancreas for Control of BG and Insulin Levels in Hospitalized Patients with Diabetes and Stress Hyperglycemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    subjects with thrombocytopenia and subjects with an implanted pacemaker, defibrillator , or a pulmonary artery catheter are ineligible. 5. Sites of...modeled. Modeling ISF sensor array behavior may allow us to predict sensor drift and make automatic adjusts in the calibration coefficient, in order to...glucose monitor. For the current study, however, the transceiver was worn external to the patient. The hand-held Personal Programming Communicator (PPC

  18. Surveillance of fetal arrhythmias in the outpatient setting: current limitations and call for action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Grace

    2015-12-01

    Surveillance of fetal arrhythmias in the outpatient setting remains limited by lack of monitoring modalities. Despite technological advances made in the field of obstetrics, existing devices are not currently suitable to monitor fetal arrhythmias. In this report, the author describes the current and developing fetal heart rate monitoring technologies including the recent introduction of hand-held Doppler monitors for outpatient surveillance of fetal arrhythmias.

  19. Inward Airpower: Civil-Military Considerations for Air Force Security Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    surveillance and infringement on civil rights and human rights. Just as protesters and revolutionaries have leveraged social media to inspire and...to personal activities such as social media and hand-held GPS navigation. Recent news highlights three cases in point. First, public and...Institution Reform Initiative (DIRI) and the Ministry of Defense Advisor ( MODA ) program, to strengthen U.S. defense reform efforts in key countries and

  20. Investigation into the effects of VHF and UHF band radiation on Hewlett-Packard (HP) Cesium Beam Frequency Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickens, Andrew

    1995-01-01

    This paper documents an investigation into reports which have indicated that exposure to VHF and UHF band radiation has adverse effects on the frequency stability of HP cesium beam frequency standards. Tests carried out on the basis of these reports show that sources of VHF and UHF radiation such as two-way hand held police communications devices do cause reproducible adverse effects. This investigation examines reproducible effects and explores possible causes.