WorldWideScience

Sample records for group counseling sessions

  1. Predictors of the Change in Self-Stigma Following a Single Session of Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Nathaniel G.; Post, Brian C.; Cornish, Marilyn A.; Vogel, David L.; Tucker, Jeritt R.

    2011-01-01

    One of the major obstacles to seeking psychological help is the stigma associated with counseling and therapy. Self-stigma, the fear of losing self-respect or self-esteem as a result of seeking help, is an important factor in the help-seeking process. In the present study, college students meeting a clinical cutoff for psychological symptoms…

  2. Implementing Problem-Based Learning in the Counseling Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.

    This study examined the use of problem-based learning (PBL) in an actual counseling session and the effects on student assertiveness skills. A group of seventh-grade students, who were all victims of bullies, participated in the study. The students, two boys and one girls, were 13 and 14 years old. Teachers rated the level of assertiveness skills…

  3. Sexuality and the Elderly: A Group Counseling Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capuzzi, Dave; Gossman, Larry

    1982-01-01

    Describes a 10-session group counseling model to facilitate awareness of sexuality and the legitimacy of its expression for older adults. Considers member selection, session length and setting, and group leadership. (Author/MCF)

  4. Definitional Ceremonies: Integrating Community into Multicultural Counseling Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitter, James Robert; Robertson, Patricia E.; Roig, Grace; Disqueact, J. Graham

    2004-01-01

    Definitional Ceremonies are used as a forum for integrating members of diverse cultures into multicultural counseling sessions. The authors provide a philosophical foundation, implementation process, and excerpts from a typescript of a recent definitional ceremony involving a women and her mother, both recently in the United States from Panama.

  5. Performance Assessment of Counseling Skills Based on Specific Theories: Acquisition, Retention and Transfer to Actual Counseling Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefle, Scott; Smaby, Marlowe H.; Packman, Jill; Maddux, Cleborne D.

    2007-01-01

    The purposes of the present study were to determine if (a) students trained to demonstrate specific skills learn these skills and transfer them to actual counseling sessions; (b) mastery of counseling skills differs by students' adherence to one of four general counseling theories; (c) mastery of counseling skills is related to counseling goal…

  6. Effect of single session counselling on partner referral for sexually transmitted infections management in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Nazmul; Streatfield, Peter Kim; Shahidullah, M; Mitra, Dipak; Vermund, Sten H; Kristensen, Sibylle

    2011-02-01

    This study evaluated the role of single session counselling on partner referral among index cases diagnosed as having sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Bangladesh. A quasirandomised trial was conducted in 1339 index cases with symptomatic STIs in 3 public and 3 non-government organisation operated clinics. Out of 1339 index cases, partner referral was achieved by 37% in the counselling group and 27% in the non-counselling group. Index cases in the counselling group and non-counselling group were similar in terms of condom use rates, STI symptoms and duration of disease. A quarter of the index cases reported having more than one sex partner in last 3 months, and 39% reported having commercial sex partners. Only 8% of the index cases reported using condoms during their last sex act. Partner referral rates were higher among index clients with higher age, higher income, those who attended NGO clinics, those who had only one partner and among those who had no commercial partners, but counselling had significantly positive impact in all of these subgroups. In multivariate analysis, the probability of partner referral was 1.3 times higher among index cases in the counselling group (prevalence ratio 1.3; 95% CI 1.1 to 1.6) as compared to index cases in the non-counselling group. Patient-oriented single session counselling was found to have a modest but significant effect in increasing partner referral for STIs in Bangladesh, greater emphasis should be placed on examining further development and dissemination of partner referral counselling in STI care facilities.

  7. Collaborating with the Peace Corps to Maximize Student Learning in Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Simone; Goodman-Scott, Emily

    2013-01-01

    This article explores a model partnership with a counseling education program and the Peace Corps. Counselor education students in a group counseling course developed and implemented a singular structured group session with clients not typically used (e.g., non-counseling students) to maximize student learning and implement group counseling…

  8. Discourse analytic study of counseling sessions in stroke physiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talvitie, Ulla; Pyöriä, Outi

    2006-01-01

    Studies on the interaction between physiotherapists and patients during treatment sessions have found low levels of communicative participation by patients and lack of direct influence by patients on the content of their treatment. This article reports the results of 7 counseling sessions in which physiotherapists and patients with stroke and their caregivers discussed the patients' postural control and balance, which had been tested and videotaped at different stages of the rehabilitation process. The physiotherapists' discourses relating to the videotaped test performances were either brief comments on the patient's performance or critical appraisals with references to difficulties encountered during performance. Performances of the easier tasks were treated by the physiotherapists with rhetorical questions. The second type of discourse consisted of the physiotherapists directing the patients' attention to their problems, and of the patients' and caregivers' initiatives leading to conversation about the patients' problems. The patients understood the significance of the test performance for their life at home in varying ways. The results of this study showed that successful counseling calls for physiotherapists to develop dialogic communication skills to help patients in coconstructing their home exercise together with their social network.

  9. Spiritual Exploration in the Prenatal Genetic Counseling Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagaser, Katelynn G; Shahrukh Hashmi, S; Carter, Rebecca D; Lemons, Jennifer; Mendez-Figueroa, Hector; Nassef, Salma; Peery, Brent; Singletary, Claire N

    2016-10-01

    Religion and spirituality (R/S) are important components of many individuals' lives, and spirituality is often employed by women coping with pregnancy complications. To characterize how prenatal genetic counselors might address spiritual issues with patients, 283 English and Spanish speaking women receiving prenatal genetic counseling in Houston, Texas were surveyed post-counseling using both the Brief RCope and questions regarding interest in spiritual exploration. Genetic counselors were concurrently surveyed to identify religious/spiritual language used within sessions and perceived importance of R/S. Genetic counselors were significantly more likely to identify R/S as important to a patient when patients used religious/spiritual language (p spiritual terms were present, the counselor felt uncertain about the importance of R/S 63 % of the time. However, 67 % of patients reported that they felt comfortable sharing their faith as it relates to their pregnancy, and 93 % reported using positive religious coping. Less than 25 % reported a desire for overt religious actions such as prayer or scripture exploration. Therefore, most patients' desires for spiritual exploration center in the decision making and coping processes that are in line with the genetic counseling scope of practice. Thus, counselors should feel empowered to incorporate spiritual exploration into their patient conversations.

  10. Effectiveness of group counselling for smoking cessation in hospital staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Schoonis

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Smoking prevalence among hospital staff is still considerable. It is well known that smoking cessation is difficult to establish without any help. Group counselling is effective for smoking cessation. In 2004, therefore, we decided to offer group counselling for smoking cessation to our hospital staff. (1 To assess the efficacy of group counselling given by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals. (2 To determine the quit rate after group counselling in hospital staff. The program is based on 10 group sessions of 90 min each. Each group contains a maximum of 16 participants. The group sessions were led by a nurse specialized in smoking cessation and consisted of education and behavioural interventions provided by health care professionals (respiratory physician, psychologist and a dietician. To improve smoking cessation motivation, spirometry (FEV1 and FVC and exhaled CO were measured both at the start and at the end of the group counselling. In total, 38 participants of 3 different groups entered group counselling. The mean age was 48 years, and 71% was female. They smoked an average of 20 cigarettes per day. Based on exhaled CO measurements and self-reports, smoking cessation, the quit rates after 6 months, 1 year and 2 years were, 27/35 (77%, 25/35 (72% and 23/35 (66%, respectively. Group counselling program on smoking cessation in hospital staff based on 10 group sessions was able to induce a remarkably high amount of quitters. The hospital setting offered the opportunity to meet the group participants frequently afterwards, what might have helped in keeping the quitting results at about the same level, even after 2 years’ follow-up.

  11. Group counseling for medical students with drop-out experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Kyung; Baek, Sunyong; Woo, Jae Seok; Im, Sun Ju; Lee, Sun Hee; Kam, Beesung; Lee, Sang Yeoup; Yun, So Jung

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this research was to describe our group counseling methods for medical students with drop-out experiences. Group counseling was offered to 11 medical students with drop-out experiences in their previous second semester. All subjects provided written informed consent before participating and completed a 2-day group counseling program using the Gestalt approach. The self-assertiveness training group counseling program consisted of 6 sessions, each of which lasted 90 minutes. Experience reports by participants after the program and data from semi-structured qualitative interviews were qualitatively analyzed. Program participants reported that they were moderately satisfied with the program regarding its usefulness and helpfulness on self-awareness, understanding, and reminding them of attempts to change behavior. Most students showed heightened levels of sincerity perceptions and positive attitudes in every session. The results demonstrated significant changes in experience in self-esteem, self-recognition, and interpersonal relationships. A group counseling program using the Gestalt approach could help medical students with drop-out experiences to adjust with 1 year their juniors, enhance their self-esteem, contribute to their psychological well-being, and prevent student re-failure through effective stress management and improved interpersonal relationships.

  12. Gestalt Therapy Interventions for Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passons, William R.

    1972-01-01

    The author offers a brief introduction to some of the basic tenets of Gestalt therapy, noting goals that are similar to those in counseling theories. He also suggests several interventions from Gestalt therapy to be considered for group counseling and discusses their applications. (Author)

  13. Self-Esteem and Vocational Self-Esteem Enhancement: A Group Counseling Program for University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, O. Tolga

    2002-01-01

    This study is a group counseling program developed to enhance self-esteem and vocational self-esteem of university students. In this paper, a brief theoretical background, all sessions of the program and applications were presented. (Contains 14 footnotes.)

  14. Working with Unrealistic or Unshared Hope in the Counselling Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Denise Joy; Stege, Rachel; Edey, Wendy; Ewasiw, Joan

    2014-01-01

    Hope has long been identified as an important therapeutic factor in counselling. Further, research evidence for the importance of hope to counselling practice and outcome is abundant. However, the field is only beginning to explicitly consider how hope can be effectively and intentionally practised. One of the most challenging dilemmas encountered…

  15. Enhanced prenatal HIV couple oriented counselling session and couple communication about HIV (ANRS 12127 Prenahtest Trial)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plazy, M.; Orne-Gliemann, J.; Balestre, E.; Miric, M.; Darak, S.; Butsashvili, M.; Tchendjou, P.; Dabis, F.; du Lou, A. Desgrees

    Background. - The Prenahtest study investigated the efficacy of a couple-oriented HIV counselling session (COC) in encouraging couple HIV counselling and testing, and improving intra-couple communication about sexual and reproductive health. We report here on the effect of COC on intra-couple

  16. Enhanced prenatal HIV couple oriented counselling session and couple communication about HIV (ANRS 12127 Prenahtest Trial)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plazy, M.; Orne-Gliemann, J.; Balestre, E.; Miric, M.; Darak, S.; Butsashvili, M.; Tchendjou, P.; Dabis, F.; du Lou, A. Desgrees

    2013-01-01

    Background. - The Prenahtest study investigated the efficacy of a couple-oriented HIV counselling session (COC) in encouraging couple HIV counselling and testing, and improving intra-couple communication about sexual and reproductive health. We report here on the effect of COC on intra-couple commun

  17. Group Counseling Optimization: A Novel Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eita, M. A.; Fahmy, M. M.

    A new population-based search algorithm, which we call Group Counseling Optimizer (GCO), is presented. It mimics the group counseling behavior of humans in solving their problems. The algorithm is tested using seven known benchmark functions: Sphere, Rosenbrock, Griewank, Rastrigin, Ackley, Weierstrass, and Schwefel functions. A comparison is made with the recently published comprehensive learning particle swarm optimizer (CLPSO). The results demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the proposed algorithm.

  18. Associations among self-concept, verbal behaviors, and group climate early in the group counseling process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen Der Pan, Peter; Fan, Ai Chun; Bhat, Christine Suniti; Chang, Shona Shih Hua

    2012-12-01

    In this study, relations among group members' self-concept, verbal behaviors, and group climate early in the group counseling process were assessed for college students who were randomly assigned to four counseling groups. Based on measures from the hill interaction matrix, it was observed that family, social, and action self-concepts, as well as engagement, avoidance, and conflict group climate, were correlated with several verbal behaviors. Silence and quadrant 4 (Q4), which consists of speculative and confrontative verbal behaviors at personal and relationship levels, significantly predicted and explained 43% of the variance in engagement group climate. Silence and Q3, comprised of conventional and assertive verbal behaviors at personal and relationship levels, and Q1, conventional and assertive verbal behaviors at topic and group levels, explained 66% of variance in avoidance climate. Q4 and Silence explained 33% of conflict climate variance early in the group sessions. Implications for research and counseling practice are suggested.

  19. Effects of a short individually tailored counselling session for HIV prevention in gay and bisexual men receiving Hepatitis B vaccination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hospers Harm J

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is currently a trend towards unsafe unprotected anal intercourse (UAI among men who have sex with men. We evaluated a short individual counselling session on reducing UAI among gay and bisexual men. Methods A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the counselling session. This session was conducted during consulting hours at four municipal health clinics during a Hepatitis B vaccination campaign. These clinics offered free vaccination to high-risk groups, such as gay and bisexual men. All gay and bisexual men attending health clinics in four cities in the Netherlands were asked to participate. Each participant in the intervention group received a fifteen-minute individual counselling based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Motivational Interviewing. Changes in UAI were measured over a 5-months period, using self-administered questionnaires. UAI was measured separately for receptive and insertive intercourse in steady and casual partners. These measures were combined in an index-score (range 0–8. Results While UAI in the counselling group remained stable, it increased in the controls by 66% from 0.41 to 0.68. The results show that the intervention had a protective effect on sexual behaviour with steady partners. Intervention effects were strongest within steady relationships, especially for men whose steady-relationship status changed during the study. The intervention was well accepted among the target group. Conclusion The fifteen-minute individually tailored counselling session was not only well accepted but also had a protective effect on risk behaviour after a follow-up of six months.

  20. The Development of a Series of Video Taped Counseling Sessions. Final Report. CORD Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimel, Evelyn G.

    The rationale, methods, problems and results of developing a library of video-taped counseling sessions are described. The tapes are intended to capture the counselor-counselee interactive process, so that counselor trainees might see and hear what had taken place rather than be dependent on what they thought had taken place. Such tapes would…

  1. Effects of Structured Group Counseling on Anger Management Skills of Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Üzar-Özçetin, Yeter Sinem; Hiçdurmaz, Duygu

    2017-03-01

    Anger management is an important skill for nurses to prevent conflicts in the health care environment. Efforts, beginning with nursing education, are required to improve this skill and evaluate the effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a structured counseling program on improving the anger management skills of nursing students. The study had an experimental design with pre- and posttests. Twenty-six undergraduate nursing students who were randomly assigned to the groups participated. The authors conducted eight counseling sessions with the experiment group and no intervention with the control group. Data were collected using the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory. The counseling group had higher anger control and repression scores and lower trait anger scores after the counseling, compared with the control group. This counseling improved the students' anger management skills. Therefore, such programs should be integrated into the services provided for nursing students. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(3):174-181.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  2. Dialogical Approach Applied in Group Counselling: Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koivuluhta, Merja; Puhakka, Helena

    2013-01-01

    This study utilizes structured group counselling and a dialogical approach to develop a group counselling intervention for students beginning a computer science education. The study assesses the outcomes of group counselling from the standpoint of the development of the students' self-observation. The research indicates that group counselling…

  3. Exercise and the Elderly: A Group Counseling Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burlew, Larry D.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Explains how group work can be used as treatment approach to physical and mental well-being in the elderly. Focuses on use of group counseling to enhance exercise participation and compliance among older adults. Addresses physical aging and exercise, guidelines for a group counseling and exercise program, and issues in counseling the older adult.…

  4. Interaction of counseling rapport and topics discussed in sessions with methadone treatment clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joe, George W; Simpson, D Dwayne; Rowan-Szal, Grace A

    2009-01-01

    Therapeutic rapport between counselors and clients in drug user treatment has been shown to be an important predictor of follow-up outcomes. This naturalistic study investigated the relationship of counseling rapport to drug-related topics discussed in counseling sessions in a sample of 330 clients and nine counselors. These voluntary clients had been admitted to a private, for-profit outpatient methadone treatment in Texas between September 1995 and August 1997 and received no-fee services for a year for participation in this study. The data were gathered using forms in the TCU community treatment assessments (www.ibr.tcu.edu) that measured intake information, counseling session topics, and counselor evaluation of the client. A majority were males, Hispanic, had a pending legal status and the average age was 39. Co-occurring drug dependence for these heroin users included cocaine (38%) and alcohol (31%). The results supported the hypothesis that higher rapport would be associated with addressing clients in a more "supportive approach" that emphasized relapse prevention and strengths-building while lower rapport would be associated with a punitive counseling style that stressed program rules and compliance. The influences of client background, counselor differences, and during-treatment positive urines were also examined. Although counselors differed in their general manner of dealing with clients, each also showed flexibility determined in part by client behavior (such as continued cocaine use). The findings indicate that focusing on constructive solutions is the preferred counseling approach.

  5. Improving mental health in families with autistic children: benefits of using video feedback in parent counselling sessions offered alongside music therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura K. Blauth

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background This paper explores benefits of parent counselling offered alongside music therapy with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD. Research studies have shown that the stress levels of primary caregivers of children with ASD are not only higher than in the general population but also higher than in parents of children with other developmental disabilities. It is therefore recommended that music therapists working with children with ASD also engage and support their parents. Participants and procedure In the international randomised controlled trial TIME-A, which investigates the effects of music therapy on the social communicative skills of autistic children, participating families are offered three parent counselling sessions. For this paper, 68 counselling sessions with 25 families were evaluated; 14 sessions were transcribed and subjected to a content analysis. Case examples illustrate the impact of concomitant parent counselling sessions on the families. Results The analysis generated emerging themes that were grouped into two categories: 1 Non-music therapy specific themes, and 2 Music therapy specific themes. The first category comprised four sub-groups: Exchange of information, Experiences with professionals/friends/society, Worries about the future, Personal/matrimonial problems. Music therapy specific themes were subdivided into the following groups: Working in a partnership, Empowering parents, Celebrating strengths, Rejoicing in child’s enjoyment. Challenges caused by the dual roles of music therapist and parent counsellor were outweighed by the benefits. In addition to the therapeutic effect of counselling, video material from the music therapy sessions helped carers to see their children’s strengths, to gain new ideas, and to develop a more positive outlook. Conclusions The findings support the provision of parent counselling sessions alongside music therapy for children with ASD. This study highlights that

  6. Enriching Group Counseling through Integrating Yoga Concepts and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybak, Christopher; Deuskar, Megha

    2010-01-01

    Integrating practices from yoga with group counseling offers many creative paths of therapeutic learning. While yoga emphasizes the increased sense of connection with the self, group counseling emphasizes the increased sense of authenticity in relationship with oneself and with others. Common aims of both yoga and counseling are liberation from…

  7. Examining the Relationship Between Genetic Counselors’ Attitudes Toward Deaf People and the Genetic Counseling Session

    OpenAIRE

    Enns, Emily E.; Boudreault, Patrick; Palmer, Christina G.

    2009-01-01

    Given the medical and cultural perspectives on deafness it is important to determine if genetic counselors’ attitudes toward deaf people can affect counseling sessions for deafness genes. One hundred fifty-eight genetic counselors recruited through the National Society of Genetic Counselors Listserv completed an online survey assessing attitudes toward deaf people and scenario-specific comfort levels discussing and offering genetic testing for deafness. Respondents with deaf/Deaf friends or w...

  8. UNDERSTANDING OF NON VERBAL BEHAVIOR CLIENTS AND TECHNIQUES IN COUNSELING SESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    afdal afdal

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The practice of counseling by counselor not only need the skills to understand what is expressed by the client, but were further able to understand and have skills in giving meaning to the nonverbal communication, demonstrated by the behavior of a counseling session. During this time many of counselors who focus only on what is revealed by the client and using verbal techniques alone without seeing what goes on inside the client more deeply to understand the communication indicated by nonverbal behavior. The techniques used in the discussion of this article provides the inspiration that counseling is an art, not superficial, not skeptical and just focus on one technique alone, but many of the techniques that can be used to explore client issues. Furthermore, this paper supports the philosophical theory of Gestalt who believe that the client can feel the direct presence in the counseling sessions through the practices of the techniques used, to interpret the expression of various communications made, stationing themselves and find their own meaning.

  9. The Effects of Trait-Factor Theory Based Career Counseling Sessions on the Levels of Career Maturity and Indecision of High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atli, Abdullah

    2016-01-01

    The study aimed to research the effect of career counseling sessions based on trait-factor theory on the career maturity and career indecision levels of high school students. "Single group pretest-posttest test design", one of the weaker test designs, was utilized in the study. The study was conducted with 57 students in Malatya city…

  10. Using exercises to cope with the transference in the process of group counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Boyacı

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available People who have different characteristics maintain their life by communicating each other. Today people may have many problems related to their relationships with others. So they may need professional support when they could not find a solution for some personal or social problems which they have faced throughout their life. In this sense, Counseling and Group Counseling is a professional field having the aim of helping people to overcome those problems. Group counseling has some advantages compared to individual counseling. The feeling of not being alone within the group and transfer of the experiences learned in the sessions to social life are some advantages of group counseling. Besides its advantages, transference and countertransference may arise in group counseling process. In this article; the exercises which may help to the group leader to cope with transference and countertransference during the group counseling have been examined in a theoretical framework. Some exercises like role playing, empty chair and unfinished business were discussed in the light of literature.  At the end of the study some recommendations and suggestions are offered to the counselors and the field professionals.

  11. Effects of a short individually tailored counselling session for HIV prevention in gay and bisexual men receiving Hepatitis B vaccination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.E.G. Wolfers (Mireille); J.B.F. de Wit (John); H.J. Hospers (Harm Jan); J.H. Richardus (Jan Hendrik); O. de Zwart (Onno)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBackground. There is currently a trend towards unsafe unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among men who have sex with men. We evaluated a short individual counselling session on reducing UAI among gay and bisexual men. Methods. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the counsell

  12. Single Session Web-Based Counselling: A Thematic Analysis of Content from the Perspective of the Client

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodda, S. N.; Lubman, D. I.; Cheetham, A.; Dowling, N. A.; Jackson, A. C.

    2015-01-01

    Despite the exponential growth of non-appointment-based web counselling, there is limited information on what happens in a single session intervention. This exploratory study, involving a thematic analysis of 85 counselling transcripts of people seeking help for problem gambling, aimed to describe the presentation and content of online…

  13. An Invitation to between-Session Change: The Use of Therapeutic Letters in Couples and Family Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindsvatter, Aaron; Nelson, Jill R.; Desmond, Kimberly J.

    2009-01-01

    Therapeutic letters (i.e., brief therapeutic messages that are sent to clients between counseling sessions) have been used since the days of Freud and have been shown to have beneficial therapeutic impacts. This article describes the use of therapeutic letters in couples and family counseling. The use of three types of therapeutic letter (letters…

  14. An Invitation to between-Session Change: The Use of Therapeutic Letters in Couples and Family Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindsvatter, Aaron; Nelson, Jill R.; Desmond, Kimberly J.

    2009-01-01

    Therapeutic letters (i.e., brief therapeutic messages that are sent to clients between counseling sessions) have been used since the days of Freud and have been shown to have beneficial therapeutic impacts. This article describes the use of therapeutic letters in couples and family counseling. The use of three types of therapeutic letter (letters…

  15. Change Strategies and Associated Implementation Challenges: An Analysis of Online Counselling Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodda, Simone N; Hing, Nerilee; Hodgins, David C; Cheetham, Alison; Dickins, Marissa; Lubman, Dan I

    2016-12-17

    Self-change is the most frequent way people limit or reduce gambling involvement and often the first choice of people experiencing gambling-related problems. Less well known is the range of change strategies gamblers use and how these are selected, initiated or maintained. This study examined change strategies discussed in counselling transcripts from 149 clients who accessed a national online gambling help service in Australia. Using thematic analysis, we identified the presence of six change strategies; cash control and financial management, social support, avoiding or limiting gambling, alternative activities, changing thoughts and beliefs, and self-assessment and monitoring. Four implementation issues were also identified; a mismatch between need and strategy selection or maintenance; importance and readiness versus the cost of implementation; poor or unplanned transitions between strategies; and failure to review the helpfulness of strategies resulting in premature abandonment or unhelpful prolonged application. This study is the first to identify change strategies discussed in online counselling sessions. This study suggests change strategies are frequently discussed in online counselling sessions and we identified multiple new actions associated with change strategies that had not previously been identified. However, multiple implementation issues were identified and further work is required to determine the helpfulness of change strategies in terms of their selection, initiation and maintenance.

  16. Closing the Achievement Gap: A Structured Approach to Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Chari A.; Brigman, Greg

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated the impact of a group counseling intervention on student academic and social performance. Twenty-five school counselors were trained to use a structured approach to small-group counseling with students scoring in the mid-to-low range in math and reading. The group intervention focused on improving student achievement and…

  17. Racial Group Membership and Multicultural Training: Examining the Experiences of Counseling and Counseling Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieterse, Alex L.; Lee, Minsun; Fetzer, Alexa

    2016-01-01

    This study documents various process elements of multicultural training from the perspective of counseling and counseling psychology students within the United States (US). Using a mixed-methods approach, findings indicate that racial group membership is an important variable that differentially impacts White students and students of Color while…

  18. Racial Group Membership and Multicultural Training: Examining the Experiences of Counseling and Counseling Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieterse, Alex L.; Lee, Minsun; Fetzer, Alexa

    2016-01-01

    This study documents various process elements of multicultural training from the perspective of counseling and counseling psychology students within the United States (US). Using a mixed-methods approach, findings indicate that racial group membership is an important variable that differentially impacts White students and students of Color while…

  19. Multi-Media Approach to Group Counseling with Preadolescent Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCue, Ann E.

    1980-01-01

    Multimedia group counseling techniques for preadolescent girls are described. These techniques successfully helped them deal with changing body image, the importance of the peer group and the best friend, and the separation of self from parents. (JD)

  20. Effects of group sexual counseling on the traditional perceptions and attitudes of Iranian pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidian A

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ali Navidian,1 Shahindokht Navabi Rigi,2 Parvin Soltani2 1Department of Counseling, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran; 2Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IranBackground: Marital relationships may fluctuate due to physical and psychological changes during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of group sexual counseling on the traditional perceptions and attitudes of pregnant women.Methods: This was a quasiexperimental intervention study. Among the pregnant women who were referred to health care centers in Zahedan, Iran, in 2015 for routine care during pregnancy, 100 individuals were chosen and randomly categorized into two groups: intervention (n=50 and control (n=50. Variables were the participant’s attitudes and beliefs on sexual activity during pregnancy. The data were collected during pregnancy using the Sexual Activities and Attitudes Questionnaire. The questionnaire was completed before and 6 weeks after five sessions of group sexual counseling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (Version 20 with descriptive and analytical statistics.Results: The mean of score changes for sexual attitudes and traditional perceptions in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.0001. Analysis of covariance also showed that the mean score of the participant’s traditional perceptions and sexual attitudes in both groups was significantly different after the group sexual counseling.Discussion: Due to the positive effect of group sexual counseling on improving the attitudes of pregnant women about sexual issues and reframing the traditional perceptions over sexual activities during pregnancy, it is recommended that this educational intervention should be integrated into counseling and prenatal care for pregnant women. Keywords: group sexual counseling, belief, attitude

  1. New Session of introductory “E-Groups Training”

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The session provides a short introduction of E-Groups and how to use it to efficiently manage mailing lists at CERN. Alongside a general overview of the E-Groups application, E-Groups specific terminology, the management of dynamic and static groups and the specific settings for mails and archives are discussed in detail.   The course is intended to give newcomers a clear idea of what E-Groups are and how they can be used at CERN. It should enable users to be more efficient when being confronted in particular with: the creation of dynamic and static E-groups and the decision whether the one or the other type is more appropriate, the management of E-group memberships, and the setting of mailing/archiving related properties. The session will also focus on some best practices and give general advice on how to use E-Groups. This introductory training session is given jointly by members of the IT-OIS and GS-AIS groups and is intended for any member at CERN potentially being confronted with the ...

  2. The Effectiveness of Transactional Analysis Group-counseling on the Improvement of Couples’ Family Functioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghorban Ali Yahyaee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study: Family functioning is among the most important factors ensuring the mental health of family members. Disorder or disturbance in family functioning would cause many psychological problems for family members. Current study intended to examine the effectiveness of transactional analysis group counseling on the improvement of couple's family functioning. Materials & Methods: The design of the study is as semi experimental research with pretest and posttest with follow up and control group. Statistical population consists all couples referring to the psychological and counseling centers of Rasht city in 2012. Samples were selected at first by available sampling method and after completing family assessment  device, and obtaining score for enter to research, were placement using random sampling method in two experimental and control groups (N = 8 couples per group. The experimental group participated in 12 sessions of group counseling based on transactional analysis and control group received no intervention. The gathered data were analyzed using covariance analysis. Results: The results show that there are significant differences between the pre-test and post test scores of the experimental group. This difference is significant at the level of 0.05. Therefore it seems that transactional group therapy improved the dimensions of family functioning in couples. Conclusions: The results indicated that transactional analysis group counseling can improve the family functioning and use this approach to working with couples is recommended.

  3. Effects of a short individually tailored counselling session for HIV prevention in gay and bisexual men receiving Hepatitis B vaccination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.E.G. Wolfers (Mireille); J.B.F. de Wit (John); H.J. Hospers (Harm Jan); J.H. Richardus (Jan Hendrik); O. de Zwart (Onno)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBackground. There is currently a trend towards unsafe unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among men who have sex with men. We evaluated a short individual counselling session on reducing UAI among gay and bisexual men. Methods. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the

  4. [Effectiveness of enneagram group counseling for self-identification and depression in nursing college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong Seop; Yoon, Jeong Ah; Do, Keong Jin

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine effects of enneagram group counseling program on self-identification and depression in nursing college students. Three groups, categorized by how the students solve their conflicts, were selected to identify changes from the program. A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group and pre posttest design was used. Participants were assigned to the experimental group (n=30) or control group (n=33). The experimental group participated in enneagram group counseling program for 38 hours through eight sessions covering four different topics. Collected data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Total self-identity score for the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups for depression scores. The Assertive and Compliant groups demonstrated significant change in self-identification while the Withdrawn groups did not reveal any change. Results indicate that the enneagram group counseling program is very effective in establishing positive self-identification for nursing college students who face developmental crisis and stressful situations. It is also expected that this program would be useful to enhance the students' confidence through a deeper understanding and acceptance of themselves.

  5. Follow Up Study of Group Counseling with Underachieving College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    The purpose of this study was to report long-range effects of group counseling and the college growth experience of students who were identified as underachievers and were enrolled as freshmen during the fall of 1969. Five variables were selected for this study as having possible influence on self-concept: (1) group, (2) education, (3) status, (4)…

  6. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group counseling on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of cognitive-behavioral group counseling on stress and self-education. ... This research is a pre-test and post-test experimental design along with the control group. ... Data collection tool is Morgan- Jinks (MJSES) Student Efficacy Scale ...

  7. Neurolinguistic Programming in the Context of Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childers, John H. Jr.; Saltmarsh, Robert E.

    1986-01-01

    Describes neurolinguistic programming (NLP) in the context of group counseling. NLP is a model of communication that focuses on verbal and nonverbal patterns of behaviors as well as on the structures and processes of human subjectivity. Five stages of group development are described, and specific NLP techniques appropriate to the various stages…

  8. The Effectiveness of Group Motivational Interviewing Sessions on Enhancing of Addicted Women’s Self-Esteem and Self Efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samireh Dehghani F

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of present research was to study of the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on enhancing of self-esteem and self-efficacy in addicted women who were under therapy. Method: The research method was semi experimental research design namely: pretest-posttest with witness group. The population consisted of all addicted women who were referred to Ayandeh Roshan recovery addiction camp of Isfahan city during summer in 1391. By available sampling, 30 women selected and divided randomly to two experimental and witness groups (N= 15, per group. Experimental group received eight sessions of 90 minutes based on group counseling sessions following motivational interviewing style. For gathering data, Cooper Smith’s self-esteem and general self-efficacy questionnaires administered among two groups. Results: The results indicated the effectiveness of motivational interviewing. Conclusion: It can be concluded that motivational interviewing has had enhancing effect on self-esteem and self-efficacy among experimental group.

  9. Counseling Group Curriculum for Parents on Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamanna, John; Shillingford, M. Ann; Parrish, Mary-Frances; Sheffield, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of bullying on K-12 students and the importance of collaborative partnerships between home and school in decreasing the dramatic effects of student bullying behaviors. The authors present a six-week, research-based, small group curriculum specifically developed for professional school counselors to support parents…

  10. Group Counseling Using the Gestalt Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneibel, Dan

    The phenomenological-existential therapy known as gestalt therapy sees awareness as its major goal. Clients are helped to become aware of what they are doing, how they are doing it, and how they can change themselves while, at the same time, learning to accept and value themselves. An important topic in the gestalt group process is the key…

  11. Using Feature Films to Teach Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, J. Michael; Reynolds, Therese

    1998-01-01

    A model for incorporating feature films into a course for training group facilitators is presented. Using cognitive-learning theories, the authors describe how films may be used as an advanced organizer, as the basis for student learning assessment, or as examples of specific theory in action. Specific examples are provided. (Author/EMK)

  12. Group Treatment of Eating Disorders in a University Counseling Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snodgrass, Gregory; And Others

    Sociocultural pressures to pursue an unrealistic ideal of thinness have contributed to an increasing number of students seeking help at a university counseling center for the eating disorders of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. To help these students, a group treatment technique was developed using a cognitive-behavioral approach. Treatment…

  13. Group versus individual sessions delivered by a physiotherapist for female urinary incontinence: an interview study with women attending group sessions nested within a randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Jan

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to explore the concerns and expectations of women invited to attend group physiotherapy sessions for the management of female urinary incontinence and whether the experience changed their views; and to gather recommendations from women attending group sessions on the design and delivery of these sessions Methods An interview study nested within a randomised controlled trial in five British NHS physiotherapy departments, including 22 women who had expressed a preference for an individual physiotherapy session but were randomised to, and attended, group sessions. Results Embarrassment was woven throughout women's accounts of experiencing urinary incontinence and seeking health care. Uncertainty about the nature of group sessions was a source of concern. Attending the first session was seen as a big hurdle by many women. However, a sense of relief was common once the session started, with most women describing some benefit from attendance. Recommendations for design and delivery of the sessions from women focused on reducing embarrassment and uncertainty prior to attendance. Conclusion Taking account of women's embarrassment and providing detailed information about the content of group sessions will enable women to benefit from group physiotherapy sessions for the management of female urinary incontinence. Trial Registration Trial registration number: ISRCTN 16772662

  14. Rotational Seismology: AGU Session, Working Group, and Website

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, William H.K.; Igel, Heiner; Todorovska, Maria I.; Evans, John R.

    2007-01-01

    . Igel, W.H.K. Lee, and M. Todorovska during the 2006 AGU Fall Meeting. The goal of this session was to discuss rotational sensors, observations, modeling, theoretical aspects, and potential applications of rotational ground motions. The session was accompanied by the inauguration of an International Working Group on Rotational Seismology (IWGoRS) which aims to promote investigations of all aspects of rotational motions in seismology and their implications for related fields such as earthquake engineering, geodesy, strong-motion seismology, and tectonics, as well as to share experience, data, software, and results in an open Web-based environment. The primary goal of this article is to make the Earth Science Community aware of the emergence of the field of rotational seismology.

  15. Rotational Seismology: AGU Session, Working Group, and Website

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, William H.K.; Igel, Heiner; Todorovska, Maria I.; Evans, John R.

    2007-01-01

    . Igel, W.H.K. Lee, and M. Todorovska during the 2006 AGU Fall Meeting. The goal of this session was to discuss rotational sensors, observations, modeling, theoretical aspects, and potential applications of rotational ground motions. The session was accompanied by the inauguration of an International Working Group on Rotational Seismology (IWGoRS) which aims to promote investigations of all aspects of rotational motions in seismology and their implications for related fields such as earthquake engineering, geodesy, strong-motion seismology, and tectonics, as well as to share experience, data, software, and results in an open Web-based environment. The primary goal of this article is to make the Earth Science Community aware of the emergence of the field of rotational seismology.

  16. Primary prevention of childhood obesity through counselling sessions at Swedish child health centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Döring, Nora; Hansson, Lena M; Andersson, Elina Scheers

    2014-01-01

    circumference at four years. Secondary outcomes are children's and mothers' eating habits (assessed by a food frequency questionnaire), and children's and mothers' physical activity (measured by accelerometer and a validated questionnaire), and mothers' body mass index and waist circumference. DISCUSSION.......9%) responded to the validated physical activity and food frequency questionnaire at baseline (i.e., before the first intervention session, or, for children in the control group, before they reached 10 months of age). The food frequency questionnaire showed acceptable relative validity when compared with an 8......BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a growing concern in Sweden. Children with overweight and obesity run a high risk of becoming obese as adults, and are likely to develop comorbidities. Despite the immense demand, there is still a lack of evidence-based comprehensive prevention programmes targeting...

  17. The Effectiveness of a Group Counseling Program on the Mental Health of Parents of Hearing Impaired Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mahshid Foroughan

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Most of the studies indicates that the parents of the hearing impaired children show many mental health problems after the diagnosis of their children's hearing impairment. Counselling with the parents of the hearing impaired children is one of the most important goals of any early intervention program. This paper describes a study to determine the effectiveness of a group counselling programme for parents of hearing impaired children. Materials and Method: It was a semi-experimental study with a single group pretest-post test design. The participants were all the parents of hearing impaired children attending in an early intervention center. First the parents' mental health were assessed.Then the group counselling program was implemented. Program has involved six weekly 1.5 hour sessions. The format of each session included both lecture presentation and group discussion using cognitive behavioral procedure. Subjects were assessed before and immediately after group therapy by means of General Health Questionnaire(GHQ and Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90 questionnaires. Resuts: The first part of the project had shown that over the half of the parents had considerable psychosocial morbidity. Comparisons showed a significant reduction from pretreatment to posttreatment in depression, anxiety and most of other psychological problems. Conclusion: The study supports the effectiveness of group therapy programs in the treatment of parents of hearing impaired children. Concerning the progress of early detection programs for the children's hearing impairment more studies should be done in the field of counseling with their parents.

  18. A model for group counseling with male pedophiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Zessen, G

    1990-01-01

    Group treatment programs for pedophiles are often designed for populations of convicted men in closed institutions with limited application to other populations. Treatment is usually focused on reducing the "deviant" sexual arousal and/or acquiring heterosocial skills and eventually establishing the ability to engage in adult heterosexual relationships. A six-week, highly structured program is presented to five men in a non-residential setting. In addition to individual psychotherapy, group counseling is offered. Male pedophiles are trained to talk effectively about common problems surrounding man-boy relationships. Counseling is based on the notion that the emotional, erotic and sexual attraction to boys per se does not need to be legitimized or modified. The attraction, however, can be a source of psychological and social problems that can be handled by using a social support system. Social support for pedophile problems can be obtained from and in interaction with other pedophiles.

  19. Measuring the impacts of seclusion on psychiatry inpatients and the effectiveness of a pilot single-session post-seclusion counselling intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitecross, Fiona; Seeary, Amy; Lee, Stuart

    2013-12-01

    Despite the accumulation of evidence demonstrating patients' accounts of trauma associated with seclusion, the use of evidence-based post-seclusion debriefing is not apparent in the published work. This study aimed to identify the impacts seclusion has on an individual using the Impact of Events - Revised (IES-R), a standardized and widely used measure of trauma symptoms, and measure the effectiveness of a post-seclusion counselling intervention in mitigating the experience of seclusion-related trauma and reducing time spent in seclusion. The study design involved a comparison of the seclusion-related trauma and time in seclusion that was experienced by consenting patients managed on the two inpatient wards of Alfred Psychiatry. To investigate the efficacy of post-seclusion counselling to reduce event-related trauma as well as the use of seclusion, a brief single-session intervention was piloted comparing outcomes for patients treated on a ward implementing semistructured post-seclusion counselling and patients treated on a ward continuing with post-seclusion support as usual. A total of 31 patients consented to participate, with approximately 47% reporting trauma symptoms consistent with 'probable post-traumatic stress disorder' (IES-R total score, >33), although there was no difference in trauma experience between groups. Significantly fewer hours were spent in seclusion for patients treated on the ward piloting the post-seclusion counselling intervention. Findings, therefore, highlight not only the potential for significant trauma stemming from a seclusion event, but also the capacity for the implementation of such interventions as post-seclusion counselling to raise awareness of the need to minimize time spent in seclusion for patients.

  20. Asian international students' barriers to joining group counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji-Yeon

    2014-10-01

    This cross-sectional study examined anticipated reactions to group participation among Asian international students (ISs). Structural equation modeling confirmed that Asian ISs' (n = 180) level of acculturation was associated with their attitude toward joining group counseling, which is partially mediated by their stigma toward help-seeking. The results of multiple regression analyses indicated that ISs who reported higher place dependence, stigma toward help-seeking, and fear of negative evaluation reported more fear about disclosing emotional parts of themselves to other group members in the presence of a group member from the same country of origin. The results showed that ISs' perceived difficulties in providing feedback to a group member in the presence of an IS from the same country of origin were predicted by low place identity, high place dependence, and more stigma. International students' willingness to disclose and provide feedback in a group counseling setting was compared in three different hypothetical situations based on other group members' demographics, and the results showed that ISs are more afraid of self-disclosure in the presence of an international student from the same country.

  1. The Achieving Success Everyday Group Counseling Model: Fostering Resiliency in Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Joy; Steen, Sam

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses a group counseling intervention used to develop and foster resiliency in middle school students by implementing the Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) group counseling model. The authors aimed to discover what impact this group counseling intervention, which focused on resiliency characteristics, would have on students'…

  2. Interactive decision support for risk management: a qualitative evaluation in cancer genetic counselling sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasspool, David W; Oettinger, Ayelet; Braithwaite, Dejana; Fox, John

    2010-09-01

    Genetic counselling for inherited susceptibility to cancer involves communication of a significant amount of information about possible consequences of different interventions. This study explores counsellors' attitudes to computer software designed to aid this process. Eight genetic counsellors used the software with actors playing patients. Clinicians' rating of expected patient satisfaction, content, accuracy, timeliness, format, overall value, ease of use, effect on the patient-provider relationship and effect on clinician's performance were evaluated via qualitative and quantitative analysis of interviews, training tasks and questionnaires. Most counsellors found the software effective. Concerns related to possible impact on consultation dynamics and content. Participants suggested countering these through appropriate new counselling skills and selective use of the computer. The REACT software could provide effective support for genetic risk management counselling.

  3. Effects of Counselor Disability and Reputation on Client Perceptions during a Career Counseling Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Mark J.

    1993-01-01

    Examined effects of counselor expertness, trustworthiness, and attractiveness on participants' (n=166) impressions of counselor during counseling analogue situation. Using 2 (counselor disability) x 2 (level of training) factorial design, no significant differences were found with respect to counselor social influence. Neither physical disability…

  4. The Role of Public and Self-Stigma in Predicting Attitudes toward Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, David L.; Shechtman, Zipora; Wade, Nathaniel G.

    2010-01-01

    Public and self-stigmas have been implicated as factors in the underutilization of individual counseling. However, group counseling is also underutilized, and yet scholars know very little about the role of different types of stigma on attitudes toward seeking group counseling. Therefore, the current study examined the relationships between public…

  5. Using Personal Growth Groups in Multicultural Counseling Courses to Foster Students' Ethnic Identity Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowell, P. Clay; Benshoff, James M.

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the relationship between personal growth group (PGG) experiences in multicultural counseling courses and counseling students' ethnic identity development. Differences in ethnic identity development were compared between counseling students who participated in a PGG experience as part of a multicultural counseling…

  6. The Life Design Group: A Case Study Vignette in Group Career Construction Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barclay, Susan R.; Stoltz, Kevin B.

    2016-01-01

    Providing cost efficient, yet effective, student services, including career services, is a critical component in higher education. Career services must include the perspectives of the 21st-century work place. We advocate for the delivery of career development services in a group format using a narrative approach to career counseling with college…

  7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) special interest group (SIG) networking session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campoy, Sally

    2005-01-01

    The issue of reimbursement for NP is not an issue in the VA system, although it can be a barrier for the private sector. How to make this cost-effective was discussed during the networking session and will continue to be explored. The nephrology nurse is in a key position to participate in CKD clinics/programs. By virtue of his/her nursing expertise in assessment, incorporation of psychosocial factors, and patient education, the nurse can play a pivotal role in successful management of persons with CKD.

  8. Career group counseling in undecided college female seniors' state anxiety and career indecision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, H

    2001-06-01

    A sample of female college seniors experiencing career indecision participated in a career group counseling (n: 16), a wait-list control group (n: 8), and an additional career-counseling group (n: 11). Participants were administered the Career Decision Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory at pretest and posttest. Analysis of covariance of state anxiety scores and career indecision scores yielded significant main effects for treatment. Participants in the career-counseling groups showed a decrease in scores on state anxiety and career indecision. Implications for research and female career group counseling are also discussed.

  9. Family matters: examining a multi-family group intervention for women with BRCA mutations in the scope of genetic counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Alvaro; Chiquelho, Raquel; Santos, Teresa Almeida; Sousa, Liliana

    2010-12-01

    The availability of family-centred services for women genetically at-risk for breast and ovarian cancer (BRCA) due to deleterious genetic mutations is still scarce, despite the distress that these women and their families may experience. This study describes a multi-family group intervention for women who tested positive for BRCA mutations and their families. Methods include a time-limited psycho-educational programme involving educational and support components and consisting of four semi-structured multi-family sessions. Three families (a total of nine people) attended the programme in genetic counselling for hereditary cancers at a Portuguese public hospital. A focus group interview was performed 1 month after the last session to assess both the practical and the psychosocial impacts and to collect suggestions from participants. The present paper focuses on the practical aspects of the intervention, its development and its evaluation. Participants reported that the programme is well-structured and that responds to the needs of patients and their families by improving coping skills and medical awareness in the adaptation to genetic illness. Results reinforce the need to integrate psychosocial and family-oriented interventions in genetic counselling, addressing the holistic experience of hereditary disease. Recommendations for enhancing the services available are provided. The multi-family discussion group, combining educative and supportive services with a family focus, can be successfully adapted in genetic counselling protocols.

  10. Individual neuropsychological support and group sessions for relatives to TBI patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siert, Lars

    TITLE: Individual neuropsychological support and group sessions for relatives to TBI patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe how the neuropsychologist work with early and ongoing individual support and group sessions for relatives to adult TBI patients in the acute and sub acute phase and after discharge...

  11. Effects of exercise and group counselling on body composition and VO(2max) in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roessler, Kirsten Kaya; Birkebaek, Camilla; Ravn, Pernille

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often associated with an increased waist circumference and with lower cardio-respiratory fitness as a consequence of obesity, which may be improved by physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity aerobic training combined...... with group counselling sessions on anthropometry and cardio-respiratory fitness in women with PCOS. DESIGN: Seventeen sedentary, overweight women with PCOS were randomized in a cross-over design to 16 weeks of intervention: Eight weeks high intensity aerobic exercise was followed by eight weeks group...

  12. The Use of Per Session Clinical Assessment with Clients in a Mental Health Delivery System: An Investigation into How Clinical Mental Health Counseling Practicum Students and Practicum Instructors Use Routine Client Progress Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Chad Michael

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how clinical mental health counseling practicum students and practicum instructors use per session assessment feedback with clients they served at a university counseling center. Per session assessment and feedback has been shown to increase the treatment outcomes that counselors achieve while treating…

  13. Child-Witnesses of Domestic Violence: The Evolution of a Counseling Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Elizabeth Heather

    2009-01-01

    A qualitative research design was used to explore the processes by which four child-witnesses of domestic violence made meaning of their experiences in a counseling group. A specific aim of this study was to determine if there were stages of group development that occurred in the counseling group with four young child-witnesses of domestic…

  14. What Do the Participants Gain? Group Counselling to Enhance Agency at Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhalakka-Ruoho, Marjatta; Ruponen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Group counselling was carried out in an IT enterprise. The task was to study structured group counselling as a space for enhancing participants' agency at work. The first research question concerned changes the participants reported regarding the group and their collaborative and individual work. The second research question asked what kinds…

  15. A Secure Session Key Distribution Scheme for Group Communications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Ren-hung; JAN Jinn-ke

    2006-01-01

    In a secure group communication system, messages must be encrypted before being transmitted to group members to prevent unauthorized access. In many secure group communication schemes, whenever a member leaves or joins the group, group center (GC) immediately changes the common encryption key and sends the new key to all valid members for forward and backward secrecy. If valid members are not on-line, they will miss the rekeying messages and will not be able to decrypt any ciphertext. Therefore, group members must be able to store the state of the system. In some applications, like global positioning systems (GPS) or pay-per-view systems, it is not reasonable to ask group members to stay on-line all the time and save the changes to the system. A hierarchical binary tree-based key management scheme are proposed for a secure group communication. This scheme reduces the key storage requirement of GC to a constant size and the group members are not required to be on-line constantly (stateless).

  16. Group relationships in early and late sessions and improvement in interpersonal problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Coco, Gianluca; Gullo, Salvatore; Di Fratello, Carla; Giordano, Cecilia; Kivlighan, Dennis M

    2016-07-01

    Groups are more effective when positive bonds are established and interpersonal conflicts resolved in early sessions and work is accomplished in later sessions. Previous research has provided mixed support for this group development model. We performed a test of this theoretical perspective using group members' (actors) and aggregated group members' (partners) perceptions of positive bonding, positive working, and negative group relationships measured early and late in interpersonal growth groups. Participants were 325 Italian graduate students randomly (within semester) assigned to 1 of 16 interpersonal growth groups. Groups met for 9 weeks with experienced psychologists using Yalom and Leszcz's (2005) interpersonal process model. Outcome was assessed pre- and posttreatment using the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems, and group relationships were measured at Sessions 3 and 6 using the Group Questionnaire. As hypothesized, early measures of positive bonding and late measures of positive working, for both actors and partners, were positively related to improved interpersonal problems. Also as hypothesized, late measures of positive bonding and early measures of positive working, for both actors and partners, were negatively related to improved interpersonal problems. We also found that early actor and partner positive bonding and negative relationships interacted to predict changes in interpersonal problems. The findings are consistent with group development theory and suggest that group therapists focus on group-as-a-whole positive bonding relationships in early group sessions and on group-as-a-whole positive working relationships in later group sessions. (PsycINFO Database Record

  17. Using the Solving Problems Together Psychoeducational Group Counseling Model as an Intervention for Negative Peer Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.; Rushing, Jeri Lynn; Khurshid, Ayesha

    2011-01-01

    Problem-focused interventions are considered to be one of the most effective group counseling strategies with adolescents. This article describes a problem-focused group counseling model, Solving Problems Together (SPT), that focuses on working with students who struggle with negative peer pressure. Adapted from the teaching philosophy of…

  18. Using the Solving Problems Together Psychoeducational Group Counseling Model as an Intervention for Negative Peer Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.; Rushing, Jeri Lynn; Khurshid, Ayesha

    2011-01-01

    Problem-focused interventions are considered to be one of the most effective group counseling strategies with adolescents. This article describes a problem-focused group counseling model, Solving Problems Together (SPT), that focuses on working with students who struggle with negative peer pressure. Adapted from the teaching philosophy of…

  19. A Psychodynamic Approach on Group Career Counseling: A Brazilian Experience of 40 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehman, Yvette Piha; Ribeiro, Marcelo Afonso; da Conceição Coropos Uvaldo, Maria; da Silva, Fabiano Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    Career guidance and career counselling have traditionally been conducted in an individualized fashion focusing on the counsellor-client relationship. Specialized literature, however, points to the potential use of group strategies. This article seeks to contribute to the advancement of studies in group career counselling practices, by introducing…

  20. Summary of “Future of DIS” Working Group Session

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamont M.; Guzey, V.; Polini, A.

    2011-04-11

    Despite the closure of the HERA accelerator in the past few years, much physics still remains to be understood, from the quark and gluon content of the nucleon/nucleus across all x to the still unknown spin structure of the proton. The 'Future of DIS' working group was dedicated to discussions on these and many other subjects. This paper represents a brief overview of the discussions. For further details, please refer to individual contributions.

  1. PBL. Forming Groups for PBL (practical sessions) - 31710 General Linguistics I

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Baell, Irma María

    2012-01-01

    Project Based Learning (PBL). Creating your own Linguistics Collage. Forming Groups for PBL – Week 5 (In-class work) - Academic year 2011-2012 (ECTS credits: 6 (150 hours)). See the Planned Weekly Schedule (Practical sessions).

  2. A Model for Peer Group Counseling Based on Role-Playing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettkin, Larry; Snyder, Lester

    1972-01-01

    The purpose of group counseling was to promote new social learning involving identification with other group members, leading to expanded field perception and insight into the projection of thoughts, feelings and motives onto others. (Author)

  3. Career Repertoires of IT Students: A Group Counselling Case Study in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penttinen, Leena; Vesisenaho, Mikko

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainty about future career prospects has increased enormously for students enrolled in higher education Information Technology (IT) programs. However, many computer science programmes pay little attention to career counselling. This article reports the results of a pilot study intended to develop group counselling for IT students to promote…

  4. Group Counseling for Individual Decision-Making: Maximizing the Effectiveness of the College Placement Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pate, Robert H., Jr.; And Others

    This report is the result of a demonstration project the purposes of which were to demonstrate the feasibility of providing career counseling by specially trained graduate assistants as part of the college placement service, and to demonstrate that such counseling can be provided as effectively and more efficiently in a group setting than in the…

  5. Career Repertoires of IT Students: A Group Counselling Case Study in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penttinen, Leena; Vesisenaho, Mikko

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainty about future career prospects has increased enormously for students enrolled in higher education Information Technology (IT) programs. However, many computer science programmes pay little attention to career counselling. This article reports the results of a pilot study intended to develop group counselling for IT students to promote…

  6. AREVA Technical Days (ATD) session 1: Energy outlook and presentation of the Areva Group; AREVA Technical Days (ATD) session 1: enjeux energetiques et presentation du groupe AREVA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    These technical days organized by the Areva Group aims to explain the group activities in a technological and economic point of view, to provide an outlook of worldwide energy trends and challenges and to present each of their businesses in a synthetic manner. This first session deals with energy challenges and nuclear, public acceptance of nuclear power, mining activities, chemistry activities, enrichment activities, fuel assembly, reactors and services activities, nuclear measurements activities, reprocessing and recycling activities, logistics activities and connectors activities. (A.L.B.)

  7. Adaptation and Flexibility When Conducting and Planning Peer Study Group Review Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arendale, David R.; Hanes, Amanda R.

    2016-01-01

    Based on an evaluation of the professional literature of postsecondary learning assistance, little is known about decisions made by student leaders during their peer study group review sessions. Our research question for this study is "How did study group leaders adapt their role to better meet the needs of the students who participated in…

  8. Learning More about Those Who Play in Session: The National Play Therapy in Counseling Practices Project (Phase I)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Simone F.; LeBlanc, Michael; Mullen, Jodi Ann; Ray, Dee; Baggerly, Jennifer; White, JoAnna; Kaplan, David

    2007-01-01

    Through a joint research committee sponsored by the Association for Play Therapy (APT) and the American Counseling Association (ACA), The National Play Therapy in Counseling Practices Project conducted the first phase of investigation. Findings offered a snapshot of mental health providers of play therapy, regarding the nature of who they are and…

  9. A “visiting analyst”. Salomon Resnik in a group psychotherapy session with dual diagnosis patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gian Luca Cerutti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This work examines a group session conducted by Salomon Resnik in the therapeutic community Fermata d'Autobus. The residents of the community have a dual diagnosis. The encounter was video recorded. There were three levels of anaysis. The first is that of the observations of two therapists who participated in the session. The second level includes the observations made by a group of psychotherapists who saw the video registration of the encounter. The third level puts together the previous two. The conclusions pertain to an assessment of a treatment center hosting a "visiting analyst", so as to maintain a generative contact in the dimension of the perturbation. 

  10. Papers from the NSU Summer session of 2014 - study group 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rendtorff, Jacob Dahl

    2014-01-01

    In this special issue we present the conference papers by the study group “Crisis and Crisis Scenarios: Normativity, Possibilities and Dilemmas” at the 2014 NSU Summer Session, held between 24th July and 31st July 2014 in Sauðárkrókur, Northern Iceland.......In this special issue we present the conference papers by the study group “Crisis and Crisis Scenarios: Normativity, Possibilities and Dilemmas” at the 2014 NSU Summer Session, held between 24th July and 31st July 2014 in Sauðárkrókur, Northern Iceland....

  11. Pre-Session Satiation as a Treatment for Stereotypy During Group Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rispoli, Mandy; Camargo, Síglia Hoher; Neely, Leslie; Gerow, Stephanie; Lang, Russell; Goodwyn, Fara; Ninci, Jennifer

    2014-05-01

    Individuals with developmental disabilities may engage in automatically reinforced behaviors that may interfere with learning opportunities. Manipulation of motivating operations has been shown to reduce automatically maintained behavior in some individuals. Considering behavioral indicators of satiation may assist in identifying the point at which an abolishing operation has begun to effect behavior. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of pre-session satiation of automatic reinforcement on subsequent levels of stereotypy and activity engagement during group activities for three males ages 5 to 13 years with developmental disabilities. Following functional analyses with analogue conditions, an alternating treatment design compared a pre-session access to stereotypy condition with a no-pre-session access condition prior to group activity sessions. Results indicated that pre-session satiation of the putative reinforcer produced by stereotypy was effective in decreasing stereotypy and increasing activity engagement during subsequent group activities for all participants. These findings add to the literature supporting the effectiveness of abolishing operations to decrease automatically maintained stereotypy.

  12. Superiority of group counseling to individual coaching for parents of children with learning disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danino, Maly; Shechtman, Zippi

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Two interventions for parents of children with learning disabilities (LD)-individual coaching and group counseling-were compared. Participants were 169 parents, non-randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: coaching (n=45), group counseling (n=93) and control (n=31). Variables included outcomes (parental stress and parental coping), personal (perceived social support) and process (bonding with therapist/group). Findings indicated more favorable outcomes for parents in both treatment conditions compared to control, more favorable outcomes on the stress index for parents treated in groups compared to individual coaching, and bonding was the most consistent predictor of outcomes. The discussion focuses on the power of group counseling for parents of children with LD.

  13. Evaluation of a Group Counseling Program Designed to Enhance Social Adjustment of Mentally Retarded Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Yul

    1977-01-01

    Moderately retarded institutionalized residents received 10 weeks of structured group counseling focused on five areas of social and personal adjustment. Results showed that in each of the above variables, the experimental group showed a greater mean score than that of the control group. (Author)

  14. Student Counseling Groups in Senior High School Settings: An Evaluation of Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Susan E.; Kilmann, Peter R.

    1979-01-01

    This paper reviewed the studies which evaluated counseling groups in senior high school settings. A methodological evaluation was conducted within four areas: subjects, counselors, treatment, and outcome criteria. Overall, behavioral and directive groups achieved greater success than nondirective or client-centered groups. (Author)

  15. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study--a randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Ulla; Kristoffersen, Lis; Ladelund, Steen;

    2008-01-01

    Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits....

  16. Using a Smartphone App and Coaching Group Sessions to Promote Residents' Reflection in the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Könings, Karen D; van Berlo, Jean; Koopmans, Richard; Hoogland, Henk; Spanjers, Ingrid A E; ten Haaf, Jeroen A; van der Vleuten, Cees P M; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J G

    2016-03-01

    Reflecting on workplace-based experiences is necessary for professional development. However, residents need support to raise their awareness of valuable moments for learning and to thoughtfully analyze those learning moments afterwards. From October to December 2012, the authors held a multidisciplinary six-week postgraduate training module focused on general competencies. Residents were randomly assigned to one of four conditions with varying degrees of reflection support; they were offered (1) a smartphone app, (2) coaching group sessions, (3) a combination of both, or (4) neither type of support. The app allowed participants to capture in real time learning moments as a text note, audio recording, picture, or video. Coaching sessions held every two weeks aimed to deepen participants' reflection on captured learning moments. Questionnaire responses and reflection data were compared between conditions to assess the effects of the app and coaching sessions on intensity and frequency of reflection. Sixty-four residents participated. App users reflected more often, captured more learning moments, and reported greater learning progress than nonapp users. Participants who attended coaching sessions were more alert to learning moments and pursued more follow-up learning activities to improve on the general competencies. Those who received both types of support were most alert to these learning moments. A simple mobile app for capturing learning moments shows promise as a tool to support workplace-based learning, especially when combined with coaching sessions. Future research should evaluate these tools on a broader scale and in conjunction with residents' and students' personal digital portfolios.

  17. Bayesian Restricted Spatial Regression for Examining Session Features and Patient Outcomes in Open-Enrollment Group Therapy Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paddock, Susan M.; Leininger, Thomas J.; Hunter, Sarah B.

    2015-01-01

    Group-based interventions have been developed for treating patients across a range of health conditions. Enrollment into such groups often occurs on an open (or rolling) basis. Conditional autoregression modeling of random session effects has been proposed to account for the expected correlation in session effects associated with the overlap in patient participation session-to-session. However, when the analytic objective is to examine the relationship between a fixed-effect session feature and a patient outcome using conditional autoregression, confounding might arise if the fixed session feature of interest and the random session effects vary across sessions in similar ways, resulting in bias and inflated standard errors of a fixed-effect session feature of interest. Motivated by the goal of examining the relationships between outcomes and the session features of leader and session module theme, we applied restricted spatial regression to the analysis of patient outcomes collected from 132 participants in an open-enrollment group for treating depression among patients of a residential alcohol and other drug treatment program and adapted the approach to the multilevel data structure of open-enrollment group data. As compared to standard conditional autoregression, the restricted regression approach resulted in more precise estimates of regression coefficients of the module theme and leader predictor variables. The restricted regression approach provides an important analytic tool for group therapy researchers who are investigating the relationship between key components of open-enrollment group therapy interventions and patient outcomes. PMID:26272128

  18. The Effect of Group Counseling Program on 8th Grade Students’ Assertiveness Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail SEÇER

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted to determine the effects of group counseling program on elementary school 8th grade students’ assertiveness skills. Study group was formed of 100 students getting educated in Erzurum Kültür Elementary School in 2011-2012 education years. RAE-Rathus Assertiveness Schedule was applied on this group to gather data. 30 students getting lower scores from the inventory have been randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Each group is formed of 15 students. Group counseling program has been carried out for 8 weeks on the experimental group to improve the students’ assertiveness skills. Single-way and two-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA has been used in the analysis of the data. The data is analyzed with SPSS 19.00. The results of the study show that assertiveness skills of the students who participate in the group counseling program has increased significantly compared to the control group and to the preexperimental circumstances. Besides, it is determined that the change observed in the experimental group has been occurred separately from the age and socio-economic level variables, and it is determined with the monitoring test applied after four months that this affect is continued. According to this result, it can be said that the applied group counseling program is an effective means to improve the assertiveness skills of elementary school students

  19. Clinical and no-clinical setting specificities in first session short-term psychotherapy psychodrama group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drakulić, Aleksandra Mindoljević

    2011-03-01

    Modern history of short-term group psychotherapy dates back to the late 1950-ies. From then to present day, this psychotherapeutic method has been used in various forms, from dynamic-oriented to cognitive behavioural psychotherapies. Although it has always been considered rather controversial, due its cost-effectiveness, it has been capturing more and more popularity. This paper presents the specificities of first session short-term psychotherapy psychodrama group through session work with two examined groups: a group of 20 adult women who suffer from mild or moderate forms of unipolar depression and a group of 20 students of the School of Medicine in Zagreb without any psychiatric symptomatology. The results indicate the high importance of having structure in first psychodrama session, of relating it with the previously thoroughly conducted, initial, clinical, interviews, and of the clarity and focus in terms of determining the goals of therapy, especially in a clinical context. This study also confirmed assumptions regarding the need for different approaches of warming-up in psychodrama, both in the clinical and in non-clinical samples. A psychodrama psychotherapist should have good time managing skills and capability to convert the time available into an opportunity for directly boosting the group energy and work on therapeutic alliance.

  20. Increasing Students' Empathy and Counseling Self-Efficacy through a Mindfulness Experiential Small Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohecker, Lynn; Doughty Horn, Elizabeth A.

    2016-01-01

    This study used the Solomon 4-group design to examine the relationship between a mindfulness experiential small group (MESG) and mindfulness skills, empathy, counseling self-efficacy, and perceived stress for counselors in training (CITs). Understanding how the MESG affects these characteristics provides essential information to inform the…

  1. The Evolution of a Children's Domestic Violence Counseling Group: Stages and Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, E. Heather

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study is to illuminate the lived experiences of 4 young children between 6 and 7 years old who witnessed domestic violence while revealing the complex relationship between group process and stage development in their 18-week counseling group. Data revealed that processes occurring between and among group…

  2. Transactional Analysis and Gestalt Therapy Used in Conjunction with Group Counseling for Married Couples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisson, P. Joe; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of combining Transactional Analysis and Gestalt therapy with group counseling for married couples. Six treatment couples and 12 control group members were pre/post administered the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale to assess changes in the level of their self-esteem. There were some significant results. (Author/JEL)

  3. Use of Group Counseling to Address Ethnic Identity Development: Application with Adolescents of Mexican Descent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Krista M.; Paone, Tina R.; Humphreys, Kourtney; Martinez, Triana

    2010-01-01

    This article provides qualitative outcomes from a group counseling intervention whose goal was to facilitate the ethnic identity development of Mexican-origin youth. Outcomes revealed that participants perceived group participation as meaningful. Themes that emerged from the data included the importance of the relationship to engender change,…

  4. Resistances in the first session of psychodrama psychotherapy group with adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drakulić, Aleksandra Mindoljević

    2010-06-01

    Resistance refers to all types of behaviour that oppose the exploration processes in the therapeutic process and inhibit work. Very common types of resistances, such as forgetting the time of session, being late, non-payment of sessions and such are found in every type of psychotherapy, including psychodrama psychotherapy. The attempt to break resistance in order to evoke changes could be dangerous as it represents the necessary defence mechanism and it is also a vital element of the person's functioning in therapy. In psychodrama, which is a type of action method of group psychotherapy, resistance can manifest through continuous verbalization of problems, in not wanting to act out the problem, the protagonist's typical non-verbal message or the most obvious manifestation: the absence of the protagonist. This paper will be on the typical resistance which the therapist has noticed during the first session of psychodrama psychotherapy, with a small group of adult clients. As the group was young and with undeveloped cohesiveness, resistance represented a certain balancing power for maintaining mental homeostasis of the group.

  5. Does Self-Image Matter? Client's Self-Image, Behaviour and Evaluation of a Career Counselling Session: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schedin, Gunnar; Armelius, Kerstin

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study addresses differences in self-image as a client characteristic in career counselling by using the Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour (Benjamin, L., "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," 64(6), 1203-1212, 1996; Benjamin, L., "Journal of Personality Assessment," 66(2), 248-266, 1996) and an adaptation…

  6. Small group effectiveness during pharmacology learning sessions in a Nepalese medical school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shankar PR

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundSmall group learning sessions are used in pharmacology atthe KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal. Feedback aboutstudent behaviours that enhance and hinder small groupeffectiveness was obtained. This will help us improve thesmall group sessions and will also be useful to educatorsusing small groups in other medical schools.MethodThe small groups were self-managing with a group leader,time-keeper, recorder and presenter. Small groupeffectiveness was measured using the Tutorial GroupEffectiveness Instrument (TGEI developed by Singaram andco-authors. The instrument was administered in June 2010and key findings obtained were shared with students andfacilitators. The instrument was administered again inAugust. The mean cognitive, motivational, demotivationaland overall scores were compared among differentcategories of respondents in June and August. Scores werealso compared between June and August 2010.ResultsA total of 89 students participated in the study in June and88 in August 2010. In June, females rated overall groupproductivity higher compared to males. The cognitive andmotivational scores were higher in August 2010 while thedemotivational score was lower.ConclusionThe small group effectiveness was higher in August after theeducational intervention which utilised feedback aboutproblems observed, theoretical considerations of effectivesmall groups and how this information can be applied inpractice.

  7. Group Sessions : An Effective Method To Promote Awareness And Positive Approach Towards Epilepsy In Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayachandran D

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge and attitude regarding epilepsy are major factors influencing outcome of treatment and quality of life in the management of epilepsy. Group session is one of the methods available to achieve these goals. It has the advantage of communication to a large number of patients within a short time. We undertook this study to ascertain the efficacy of this technique to impart knowledge and positive attitude towards epilepsy. A structured questionnaire was self administered to 60 patients before and after the meeting and the responses were scored on a scale of 0 to 100. The mean score improved from the baseline value of 73 + 17 to 83 + 13 after the group sessions, which was statistically significant (P<0.01. The change noticed was uniformly significant for all the aspects covered in the questionnaire viz. treatment, education, employment, emotional aspects, family and social aspects. This study has shown that group sessions are effective means to impart knowledge and positive attitude towards epilepsy.

  8. SELF EFFICACY OF ORPHANAGE ADOLESCENT AND IMPROVED THROUGH WITH GROUP COUNSELING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Atieka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: One aspect that affects the independence and confidence teens orphanage to live in the wider environment, and ready to tackle the problems in the struggle for life in the future is self-efficacy. The purpose of this study is to describe and improve the efficacy of adolescent orphanage by providing group counseling. Type of research is experimental. The study population is adolescent orphanage upper secondary school age with the number 120. These samples included 51 adolescents orphanage for the control group and 14 adolescents orphanage for the experiment. Group selection of samples using proportional random sampling technique. The research instrument that is the scale of self-efficacy, and data analysis techniques with a t-test. Results of the study are the level of self-efficacy orphanage teenagers are in the low category of being. Group counseling services performed may increase self-efficacy, it is evident from the increase in the average score, and through statistical analysis known that that greater than t 2,897 (2,000, and the significance value 0.005> 0.05. Thus, the group counseling services significantly affect the increase in a self-efficacy teenage orphanage. Keywords: self-efficacy, group counseling, teens

  9. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study – a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Smith Lisa; Pisinger Charlotta; Lau Cathrine; Ovesen Lars; Ladelund Steen; Kristoffersen Lis; Toft Ulla; Borch-Johnsen Knut; Jørgensen Torben

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits. Methods The study was a randomized controlled intervention study. From a general Danish population, aged 30 to 60 years (n = 61,301), two random sample were drawn (group A, n = 11,708; grou...

  10. Exercise on prescription: a randomized study on the effect of counseling vs counseling and supervised exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jes Bak; Kragstrup, J; Skovgaard, T

    2008-01-01

    (counseling) using maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) as the primary outcome. The study was conducted as a randomized trial in 2005-2006 with a high and a low-intensive group. All the patients referred to the EoP scheme by their GP in the counties of Vejle and Ribe, Denmark, were eligible for the trial....... The high-intensive EoP group received 4 months of group-based supervised training and attended five motivational counseling sessions. The low-intensive group only attended four motivational counseling sessions. Three hundred and twenty-seven patients entered the EoP scheme, and 52 (16%) volunteered...

  11. A Study of the Effects of a Skills-Based Versus a Conventional Group Counseling Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smaby, Marlowe H.; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Zimmick, Renee

    1999-01-01

    Reports on a study of counselors-in-training who completed systematic groups skills training based on the Skilled Group Counseling Training Model (SGCTM). Findings indicate that higher level group-counseling skills can be efficiently taught prior to practica and internships. Concludes that if counselors-in-training gain higher level skills prior…

  12. Containing psychotic patients with fragile boundaries: a single-session group case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavarenne, Anaïs; Segal, Emily; Sigman, Maxine

    2013-01-01

    This case study describes a single group psychotherapy session of six individuals suffering from schizophrenia or schizoaffective illness, which was characterized by numerous manifestations of fragile Ego boundaries. Based on these illustrations of fragile Ego boundaries, we explore some of the group's core therapeutic actions against psychosis. We discuss how the group (1) provides access to a structuring auxiliary Ego, (2) acts as a containing object by establishing firm boundaries and by mentalizing patients' psychotic productions, and (3) may become a solid object representation introjected by individuals wrestling with porous Ego boundaries and a poor sense of self. We conclude that, in addition to the known role of group therapy in increasing mature defenses, developing insight and providing social support, the group promotes healthier Ego boundaries, and eventually improves self-differentiation, and also tolerance to interpersonal proximity. This case study clarifies group therapy dynamics with individuals suffering from psychosis.

  13. Group sessions with Paro in a nursing home: Structure, observations and interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Hayley; Broadbent, Elizabeth; MacDonald, Bruce

    2016-06-01

    We recently reported that a companion robot reduced residents' loneliness in a randomised controlled trial at an aged-care facility. This report aims to provide additional, previously unpublished data about how the sessions were run, residents' interactions with the robot and staff perspectives. Observations were conducted focusing on engagement, how residents treated the robot and if the robot acted as a social catalyst. In addition, 16 residents and 21 staff were asked open-ended questions at the end of the study about the sessions and the robot. Observations indicated that some residents engaged on an emotional level with Paro, and Paro was treated as both an agent and an artificial object. Interviews revealed that residents enjoyed sharing, interacting with and talking about Paro. This study supports other research showing Paro has psychosocial benefits and provides a guide for those wishing to use Paro in a group setting in aged care. © 2015 AJA Inc.

  14. The Effect of Group Counseling Using Ellis's A-B-C Technique on Irrational Beliefs and Self-Efficacy About Breast Self-Awareness of Women Health Volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouzbeh, Mahnaz; Namadian, Masoumeh; Shakibazadeh, Elham; Hasani, Jafar; Rouzbeh, Robabeh

    2017-08-01

    This preliminary pilot effort assessed the effect of group counseling using A-B-C technique on irrational beliefs and self-efficacy for women health volunteers (WHVs) in breast self-awareness. In this randomized controlled trial, 40 WHVs from three health centers (Abhar, Iran) were randomly allocated into two groups. Seven weekly group counseling sessions were held for the intervention group. Data about cancer fatalism belief, dissatisfaction of body, anxiety, and self-efficacy were collected through validated questionnaires 1 month before and 2 weeks after the intervention. Mean scores of anxiety ( p = .036), body dissatisfaction ( p = .002), cancer fatalism belief ( p ≤ .0001), and self-efficacy ( p ≤ .0001) were improved in the intervention group compared with control group. Group counseling using A-B-C technique was effective in improving irrational beliefs and self-efficacy of the WHVs about breast self-awareness. The findings may help in further development of strategies and cultural programs to improve health-related irrational beliefs.

  15. Dynamics of a Counseling Group: The Counselor as Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glotzer, Shelly

    1973-01-01

    The counselor is important for effective functioning of a group. Many interactions evolve from his presence and the client's subsequent struggles to be dependent and independent. The various phases in this sturggle are explained as is their relation to Freudian theory. (EK)

  16. Therapeutic Enactment: Integrating Individual and Group Counseling Models for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westwood, Marvin J.; Keats, Patrice A.; Wilensky, Patricia

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to a group-based therapy model known as therapeutic enactment. A description of this multimodal change model is provided by outlining the relevant background information, key concepts related to specific change processes, and the differences in this model compared to earlier psychodrama…

  17. A Case Study: An ACT Stress Management Group in a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daltry, Rachel M.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) stress management group in a college counseling center setting. This study explored (a) the effectiveness of ACT in increasing participants' ability to tolerate distress, which directly affects their ability to function in a stressful college…

  18. Evaluating the Use of Reflective Counseling Group Supervision for Military Counselors in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen der Pan, Peter; Deng, Liang-Yu F.; Tsai, Shiou-Ling

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective counseling group supervision (RCGS) for military counselors. A convenience sampling method is adopted. Twenty-two military counselors participate in this study. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for collecting and analyzing data. The results support our…

  19. ArtBreak Group Counseling for Children: Framework, Practice Points, and Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziff, Katherine; Ivers, Nathaniel N.; Shaw, Edward G.

    2016-01-01

    Child social/emotional development and mitigation of child stress are receiving continued emphasis in the literature. While choice-based group art studios have a long association with mental health, documentation on their potential for supporting children is limited. This article describes an elementary school counseling intervention designed to…

  20. Evaluating the Use of Reflective Counseling Group Supervision for Military Counselors in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen der Pan, Peter; Deng, Liang-Yu F.; Tsai, Shiou-Ling

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective counseling group supervision (RCGS) for military counselors. A convenience sampling method is adopted. Twenty-two military counselors participate in this study. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for collecting and analyzing data. The results support our…

  1. Self-Compassion among College Counseling Center Clients: An Examination of Clinical Norms and Group Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockard, Allison J.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Neff, Kristin; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2014-01-01

    There has been growing interest in the mental health benefits of self-compassion. This study was designed to establish norms on the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, a popular measure of self-compassion for individuals seeking counseling, and to examine group differences in self-compassion based on gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation,…

  2. Peer Group Counselling and School Influence on Adolescents' Self-Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbochuku, E. O.; Aihie, N. O.

    2009-01-01

    The study focused on the influence of peer group counselling and school influence on the self-concept of adolescents' in Nigerian secondary schools. Sixty-eight Senior Secondary School II students from three schools--a boys' school, a girls' school and a co-educational school in Benin City participated in the study. A pre-test, post-test control…

  3. A Multicultural Personal Growth Group as a Pedagogical Strategy with Graduate Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jennifer M.; Lambie, Glenn W.

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigated a six-week multicultural personal growth group as a pedagogical strategy to support first-year graduate counseling students' (N = 20) levels of ethnic identity development (Phinney & Ong, 2007) and social-cognitive maturity (Hy & Loevinger, 1996). Students' levels of ethnic identity and social-cognitive development…

  4. Supportive relationships--psychological effects of group counselling in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roessler, Kirsten K; Glintborg, Dorte; Ravn, Pernille

    2012-01-01

    -intensity aerobic exercise followed by eight weeks of group counselling (n=8) or vice versa (n=9). Interpersonal communication, emotional and relational aspects were observed and analysed throughout the period focusing on changes in health behaviour. The most salient findings showed supportive relationships...

  5. 14 Week Group Counselling Proposal for Increasing Self-Esteem in Adolescent Females

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Katherine; Mills, Bethany

    2014-01-01

    This psychoeducational counselling group is designed to explore the many facets of the emerging female adolescent identity and foster a high level of self-esteem. According to Powell (2004) adolescence is a time, and even more so for females, which can be marked by many identity conflicts and low levels of self-esteem. As such, this 14 week…

  6. The Group's Absence Norm and Commitment to the Group as Predictors of Group Member Absence in the Next Session: An Actor-Partner Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kivlighan, Dennis M., Jr.; Kivlighan, D. Martin, III; Cole, Odessa Dorian

    2012-01-01

    The group's absence norm, a construct from the applied psychology literature, was used to examine session absences in personal growth groups. Rather than examining the absence norm statically, we modeled it dynamically as a time-varying covariate (Tasca et al., 2010). We also examined moderation by modeling the interaction of the absence norm and…

  7. Three important clinical processes in individual and group interpersonal psychotherapy sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kivlighan, Dennis M

    2014-03-01

    I describe three clinical processes: (a) bringing the discussion into the here-and-now; (b) making impact disclosures; and (c) creating a corrective emotional experience, derived from interpersonal theory, that occurs in most of my individual and group therapy sessions. For each of these clinical processes, I provide: (a) the theoretical principals that support the clinical process, (b) clinical descriptions and dialogue that demonstrate the process, and (c) a review of some of the research examining the clinical process. Finally, I propose a task model of interpersonal therapy, which illustrates how the three clinical processes come together in interpersonal therapy.

  8. An Action Research Process on University Tutorial Sessions with Small Groups: Presentational Tutorial Sessions and Online Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz-Salarirche, Noelia; Gallardo-Gil, Monsalud; Herrera-Pastor, David; Servan-Nunez, Maria Jose

    2011-01-01

    We describe and analyse the action research process carried out by us as teachers in a general didactics course in the University of Malaga (Spain). The course methodology combined lectures to the whole class and small-group work. We were in charge of guiding small-group work. In the small groups, students researched on an educational innovation…

  9. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study – a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Lisa

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits. Methods The study was a randomized controlled intervention study. From a general Danish population, aged 30 to 60 years (n = 61,301, two random sample were drawn (group A, n = 11,708; group B, n = 1,308. Subjects were invited for a health screening program. Participation rate was 52.5%. All participants received individual life-style counselling. Individuals at high risk of ischemic heart disease in group A were furthermore offered group-based life-style counselling. The intervention was repeated for high-risk individuals after one and three years. At five-year follow-up all participants were invited for a health examination. High risk individuals were included in this study (n = 2 356 and changes in dietary intake were analyzed using multilevel linear regression analyses. Results At one-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio compared to group B and in men a significantly greater decrease in saturated fat intake was found in group A compared to group B (net change: -1.13 E%; P = 0.003. No differences were found between group A and B at three-year follow-up. At five-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio (net change: 0.09; P = 0.01 and the fish intake compared to group B (net change: 5.4 g/day; P = 0.05. Further, in men a non-significant tendency of a greater decrease was found at five year follow-up in group A compared to group B (net change: -0.68 E%; P = 0.10. The intake of fibre and vegetables increased in both groups, however, no significant difference was found between the groups. No differences between groups were found for saturated fat

  10. Expressive remix therapy: using digital media art in therapeutic group sessions children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamerson, Jeffrey L

    2013-01-01

    Stories play a significant role in how we feel about and interact with the world. Narrative therapy and expressive arts therapy are major influences on the creation of expressive remix therapy, a new form of engagement with clients. This article is an exposition of this particular mental health modality. The use of digital media art in therapy in group settings will be discussed, and examples of how to use digital media art and technology in group therapy sessions are provided. The intention of this article is to promote a renewed appreciation for stories as the backdrop for all narrative work; it also seeks to inspire people to look at the practice of mental health differently, particularly the tools used to positively impact clients.

  11. Impact of Group Counseling on Self and Other Acceptance and Persistence with Rural Disadvantaged Student Families. Counseling Services Report No. 15.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwager, Herbert A.; Conrad, Rowan W.

    The current study examined the effectiveness of a theme-centered developmental group model focusing on communications and on the differential effects of two group settings for counseling delivery. The subjects were 32 young, disadvantaged adults, consisting of 15 married couples and two divorced females, who were randomly assigned to spouse…

  12. Perbedaan Keefektifan Adlerian Group Play Counseling dan Layanan Bimbingan Klasikal dalam Meningkatkan Daya Tarik Interpersonal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajar Bilqis

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to generate empirical data on the difference in effectiveness between Adlerian Group Play Counseling (AGPC interventions and Classical Guidance Services in enhancing interpersonal attractiveness based on social relations profiles. Research using Experimental Factorial Designs. The sample of this research is all students of grade V of Elementary School Sukasenang & Elementary School of Cihaurgeulis. The research instrument is an interpersonal and sociometric attraction questionnaire. The results show that Adlerian Group Play Counseling interventions are more effective at increasing all categories of interpersonal attractiveness than the Classical Guidance Service. Based on the analysis using two-way ANOVA test, it can be concluded that there is a difference of power level of interpersonal attraction after intervention (F = 21,322, p = 0,000 but not influenced by social relation (F = 1.56, p = 0.208. Research recommendations addressed to counselors, subject teachers, and other researchers

  13. Cognitive-behavior intervention group counseling manual for reducing adolescents’ career indecision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Datu, Jesus Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The current manual is purported to provide an empirical guide in facilitating a group intervention that will address career indecision among adolescents. It utilized Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as the major framework of the treatment protocol. Prior to the group facilitation, prospective members will be screened through an interview and Career Decision Profile. It consists of six sessions (one and a half hour every session which will be executed on a weekly basis. With the intention of modifying negative beliefs that the members hold about themselves in relation to career decision-making, specific activities and processing procedures were charted each session that ranged from individual cognitive exercises to dyadic behavioral role-plays. Each session will be monitored by the group counselor via group case notes to properly document therapeutic encounters which is essential in achieving the intended outcomes. At the end of the group intervention, members will be assessed through group feedback and administering of Career Decision Profile to look at the positive changes on their levels of capabilities to make career decisions.

  14. Basic steps in establishing effective small group teaching sessions in medical schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meo, Sultan Ayoub

    2013-07-01

    Small-group teaching and learning has achieved an admirable position in medical education and has become more popular as a means of encouraging the students in their studies and enhance the process of deep learning. The main characteristics of small group teaching are active involvement of the learners in entire learning cycle and well defined task orientation with achievable specific aims and objectives in a given time period. The essential components in the development of an ideal small group teaching and learning sessions are preliminary considerations at departmental and institutional level including educational strategies, group composition, physical environment, existing resources, diagnosis of the needs, formulation of the objectives and suitable teaching outline. Small group teaching increases the student interest, teamwork ability, retention of knowledge and skills, enhance transfer of concepts to innovative issues, and improve the self-directed learning. It develops self-motivation, investigating the issues, allows the student to test their thinking and higher-order activities. It also facilitates an adult style of learning, acceptance of personal responsibility for own progress. Moreover, it enhances student-faculty and peer-peer interaction, improves communication skills and provides opportunity to share the responsibility and clarify the points of bafflement.

  15. Pastoral Group Counselling at a High Security Prison in Israel: Integrating Pierre Janet's Psychological Analysis with Fritz Perls' Gestalt Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Paul; Brown, Marta

    2015-03-01

    This is a report of a short-term, pastoral counselling group conducted with Jewish internees in a high security prison in Israel. It was held as an adjunct to daily secular individual and group counselling and rehabilitation run by the Department of Social Work. Pastoral counselling employed spiritual and psychosocial methodologies to reduce anger, improve prisoner frustration tolerance, and develop a sense of self-efficacy and communal identity. It combined semi-didactic scriptural input with Pierre Janet's personality model, Fritz Perls' gestalt therapy, and analysis of the group process. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions:sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  16. The Counseling Older Adults to Control Hypertension (COACH) trial: design and methodology of a group-based lifestyle intervention for hypertensive minority older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Fernandez, Senaida; Fournier, Leanne; Silver, Stephanie A; Kong, Jian; Gallagher, Sara; de la Calle, Franze; Plumhoff, Jordan; Sethi, Sheba; Choudhury, Evelyn; Teresi, Jeanne A

    2013-05-01

    The disproportionately high prevalence of hypertension and its associated mortality and morbidity in minority older adults is a major public health concern in the United States. Despite compelling evidence supporting the beneficial effects of therapeutic lifestyle changes on blood pressure reduction, these approaches remain largely untested among minority elders in community-based settings. The Counseling Older Adults to Control Hypertension trial is a two-arm randomized controlled trial of 250 African-American and Latino seniors, 60 years and older with uncontrolled hypertension, who attend senior centers. The goal of the trial is to evaluate the effect of a therapeutic lifestyle intervention delivered via group classes and individual motivational interviewing sessions versus health education, on blood pressure reduction. The primary outcome is change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure from baseline to 12 months. The secondary outcomes are blood pressure control at 12 months; changes in levels of physical activity; body mass index; and number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables from baseline to 12 months. The intervention group will receive 12 weekly group classes followed by individual motivational interviewing sessions. The health education group will receive an individual counseling session on healthy lifestyle changes and standard hypertension education materials. Findings from this study will provide needed information on the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions delivered in senior centers. Such information is crucial in order to develop implementation strategies for translation of evidence-based lifestyle interventions to senior centers, where many minority elders spend their time, making the centers a salient point of dissemination.

  17. Group counseling and psychotherapy across the cultural divide: the case of Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BenEzer, Gadi

    2006-06-01

    Effective counseling across a cultural divide depends on adaptations or changes of technique to suit the particular intercultural circumstances. The concept of mutual creative space provides a guiding principle for therapists who wish to make such changes. This space is 'negotiated' between the therapist/counselor coming from the 'dominant/mainstream' group within society, and the group participants who arrive from another culture. Mutual creative space consists of the negotiation of power and a process of mutual invention, incorporating the creation, by therapist and participants, of something new that did not exist in either of their cultures of origin. A meaningful encounter and effective group counseling can take place following the negotiation of such a creative space. This is illustrated by the example of intercultural group work with Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel, including an analysis of cultural characteristics of the Ethiopian group and specific ways of negotiating mutual creative space in this case. Issues discussed include: establishing trust in the cross cultural context; the use of body language and its interpretation; the psychologist as an authority figure; active participation vs. hidden learning; and working with dreams in such groups.

  18. Is Counseling Going to the Dogs? An Exploratory Study Related to the Inclusion of an Animal in Group Counseling with Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Amber M.; Cox, Jane A.; Bernert, Donna J.; Jenkins, Christie D.

    2007-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that the use of animals in counseling provides beneficial effects to clients. This article presents literature on Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), and details an exploratory study that applied AAT in an adolescent anger management group. Consistent with other research, beneficial effects noted in this study included a…

  19. A Randomized Depression Prevention Trial Comparing Interpersonal Psychotherapy--Adolescent Skills Training to Group Counseling in Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jami F; Benas, Jessica S; Schueler, Christie M; Gallop, Robert; Gillham, Jane E; Mufson, Laura

    2016-04-01

    Given the rise in depression disorders in adolescence, it is important to develop and study depression prevention programs for this age group. The current study examined the efficacy of Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training (IPT-AST), a group prevention program for adolescent depression, in comparison to group programs that are typically delivered in school settings. In this indicated prevention trial, 186 adolescents with elevated depression symptoms were randomized to receive IPT-AST delivered by research staff or group counseling (GC) delivered by school counselors. Hierarchical linear modeling examined differences in rates of change in depressive symptoms and overall functioning from baseline to the 6-month follow-up assessment. Cox regression compared rates of depression diagnoses. Adolescents in IPT-AST showed significantly greater improvements in self-reported depressive symptoms and evaluator-rated overall functioning than GC adolescents from baseline to the 6-month follow-up. However, there were no significant differences between the two conditions in onset of depression diagnoses. Although both intervention conditions demonstrated significant improvements in depressive symptoms and overall functioning, results indicate that IPT-AST has modest benefits over groups run by school counselors which were matched on frequency and duration of sessions. In particular, IPT-AST outperformed GC in reduction of depressive symptoms and improvements in overall functioning. These findings point to the clinical utility of this depression prevention program, at least in the short-term. Additional follow-up is needed to determine the long-term effects of IPT-AST, relative to GC, particularly in preventing depression onset.

  20. Group Counseling with United States Racial Minority Groups: A 25-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Rose, Rose M.; Livingston-Sacin, Tina M.; Merchant, Niloufer; Finley, Amanda C.

    2012-01-01

    A 25-year content analysis was conducted of published group work articles that focused on 5 racial groups (African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Latino/a, Native American, and Intercultural group). Articles were included if they described an intervention or conceptual model with 1 of the racial groups. The analysis revealed 15 content…

  1. Group Counseling with United States Racial Minority Groups: A 25-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Rose, Rose M.; Livingston-Sacin, Tina M.; Merchant, Niloufer; Finley, Amanda C.

    2012-01-01

    A 25-year content analysis was conducted of published group work articles that focused on 5 racial groups (African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Latino/a, Native American, and Intercultural group). Articles were included if they described an intervention or conceptual model with 1 of the racial groups. The analysis revealed 15 content…

  2. Exercise on prescription: a randomized study on the effect of counseling vs counseling and supervised exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragstrup, J.; Skovgaard, T.; Puggaard, L.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare short- (0-4 months) and long-term (0-10 months) effects of high-intensive Exercise on Prescription (EoP) intervention (counseling and supervised exercise) implemented in primary healthcare in a number of Danish counties with a low-intensive intervention...... (counseling) using maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) as the primary outcome. The study was conducted as a randomized trial in 2005-2006 with a high and a low-intensive group. All the patients referred to the EoP scheme by their GP in the counties of Vejle and Ribe, Denmark, were eligible for the trial....... The high-intensive EoP group received 4 months of group-based supervised training and attended five motivational counseling sessions. The low-intensive group only attended four motivational counseling sessions. Three hundred and twenty-seven patients entered the EoP scheme, and 52 (16%) volunteered...

  3. Grief Counseling Groups for Adolescents Based on Re-Membering Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados, Stephanie; Winslade, John; De Witt, Megan; Hedtke, Lorraine

    2009-01-01

    Focusing on "re-membering" practices is new to grief counseling. Traditional approaches to grief counseling are guided by the concepts of stages or tasks, usually to move the person toward accepting the reality of loss and to "say goodbye" to their deceased loved one. This alternative approach to grief counseling, driven by…

  4. Effect of Solution Focused Group Counseling for High School Students in Order to Struggle with School Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, Bünyamin

    2016-01-01

    In this research, the effect of solution focused group counseling upon high school students struggling with school burnout was analyzed. The research was an experimental study in which a pre-test post-test control group random design was used, depending upon the real experimental model. The study group included 30 students that volunteered from…

  5. [Effects of group psychological counseling on self-confidence and social adaptation of burn patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Rui; Wang, Yishen; Li, Na; He, Ting; Shi, Mengna; Liang, Yanyan; Zhu, Chan; Zhou, Yongbo; Qi, Zongshi; Hu, Dahai

    2014-12-01

    To explore the effects of group psychological counseling on the self-confidence and social adaptation of burn patients during the course of rehabilitation. Sixty-four burn patients conforming to the inclusion criteria and hospitalized from January 2012 to January 2014 in Xijing Hospital were divided into trial group and control group according to the method of rehabilitation, with 32 cases in each group. Patients in the two groups were given ordinary rehabilitation training for 8 weeks, and the patients in trial group were given a course of group psychological counseling in addition. The Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale was used to evaluate the changes in self-confidence levels, and the number of patients with inferiority complex, normal feeling, self-confidence, and over self-confidence were counted before and after treatment. The Abbreviated Burn-Specific Health Scale was used to evaluate physical function, psychological function, social relationship, health condition, and general condition before and after treatment to evaluate the social adaptation of patients. Data were processed with t test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcoxon test. (1) After treatment, the self-confidence levels of patients in trial group were significantly higher than those in control group (Z = -2.573, P inferiority complex was 17 (53.1%) before treatment, which was decreased to 6 (18.8%) after treatment; the number of patients with normal feeling and that of self-confidence were 8 (25.0%) and 4 (12.5%) before treatment, which were respectively increased to 13 (40.6%) and 10 (31.3%) after treatment. The overall difference in trial group was obvious between before and after treatment (Z = -4.123, P 0.05). (2) After treatment, the scores of psychological function, social relationship, health condition, and general condition were (87 ± 3), (47.8 ± 3.6), (49 ± 3), and (239 ± 10) points in trial group, which were significantly higher than those in control group [(79 ± 4), (38

  6. Group cohesion and between session homework activities predict self-reported cognitive-behavioral skill use amongst participants of SMART Recovery groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Peter J; Deane, Frank P; Baker, Amanda L

    2015-04-01

    SMART Recovery groups are cognitive-behaviorally oriented mutual support groups for individuals with addictions. The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which the quality of group facilitation, group cohesion and the use of between session homework activities contribute to self-rated use of cognitive-behavioral skills amongst group participants. Participants attending SMART Recovery groups in Australia completed a cross sectional survey (N=124). The survey included measures of cognitive and behavioral skill utilization, group cohesion, quality of group facilitation and a rating of how frequently participants leave group meetings with an achievable between session homework plan. On average, participants had been attending SMART Recovery meetings for 9 months. Participants were most likely to attend SMART Recovery for problematic alcohol use. Regression analyses indicated that group cohesion significantly predicted use of cognitive restructuring, but that only provision of homework at the end of each group session predicted self-reported behavioral activation. Both group cohesion and leaving a group with an achievable homework plan predicted participant use of cognitive behavioral skills. The concrete actions associated with homework activities may facilitate behavioral activation. There is a need for longitudinal research to examine the relationship between the utilization of cognitive and behavioral skills and participant outcomes (e.g. substance use, mental health) for people attending SMART Recovery groups.

  7. The Comparison of the Effects of a Didactic Stress Management Program and Group Counselling on the Coping Strategies of School Counsellors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coban, Aysel Esen; Hamamci, Zeynep

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a didactic stress management program, group counselling, and a control group on school counsellors' stress coping strategies. Thirty-four school counsellors were randomly assigned to either a didactic stress management group, group counselling, or a control group. The didactic stress management…

  8. The Effectiveness of Peer Taught Group Sessions of Physiotherapy Students within the Clinical Setting: A Quasi-Experimental Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Dee; Jelsma, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed to investigate whether learning from peers, learning from a clinical educator, or being the peer teacher during clinical group sessions was more effective at enhancing student learning outcomes for different health conditions. A secondary aim was to determine which method students found more satisfactory. Physiotherapy students at…

  9. Garden Counseling Groups and Self-Esteem: A Mixed Methods Study with Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Shin, Sang Min

    2015-01-01

    This research study focused on the use of a garden group counseling intervention to address the self-esteem of children with emotional and behavioral problems. The researchers found higher self-esteem among participants (N = 31) following the gardening group. Additionally, participants discussed feeling calm and happy and learning to working…

  10. Garden Counseling Groups and Self-Esteem: A Mixed Methods Study with Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Shin, Sang Min

    2015-01-01

    This research study focused on the use of a garden group counseling intervention to address the self-esteem of children with emotional and behavioral problems. The researchers found higher self-esteem among participants (N = 31) following the gardening group. Additionally, participants discussed feeling calm and happy and learning to working…

  11. Categories of Counselors'Verbal Responses During the First Counseling Session%首次咨询中心理咨询师的言语反应类型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾晓明; 师思; 周玥

    2012-01-01

    本研究旨在探索心理咨询师在首次咨询中言语反应类型。研究选择4位在高校从事心理咨询的咨询师作为研究对象,对首次咨询录像进行文本分析。结果:咨询师在首次咨询中的言语反应类型按反应功能和效果分为设置性反应、倾听性反应、跟进性反应和影响性反应;4种反应类型共由25种子类别组成;不同咨询师在首次咨询中均使用了4种反应类型。结论:持续使用倾听性反应有利于后续咨询的维持;影响性反应的过度使用导致首次咨询后来访者易脱落。%The current research aimed to explore the categories of counselors" verbal responses during the first counseling session, es- pocially the characteristics of the counselors" verbal responses in Chinese culture. The research was a qualitative study based on the discovery -oriented psychotherapy research developed by Mahrer (1992). We collected first - session videotapes of four counselors at a university counseling service. All counselors were female and obtained their masters degrees in counseling psychology. Their mean age was 28 years old, from 24.5 to 31.5, and their counseling experience ranged from 2.5 to 5.5 years. The clients were freshmen and sophomores ( three males and one female). In this study, we conducted an explo- ration of category analysis. Prior to categorizing, typed transcriptions of the four sessions were divided into 241 response units. After coding these response units, we obtained 25 concept categories. Based on their functions, types and the circumstances in which they were used, the concept categories were classified into four core categories, which were a classification and coding system of counselors ~ verbal responses in Chinese culture constructed by this research. In addition, each session was split into three parts according to time (the initial 15 minutes, middle 20 minutes, and the last 15 minutes). Then, we analyzed the changes of the four

  12. The Effects of Two Group Approaches on Counseling Students' Empathy Development, Group Leader Self-Efficacy Development, and Experience of the Therapeutic Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.

    2010-01-01

    Counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) require their students to participate in a group experience as a member for 10 clock hours over the course of an academic term (CACREP, 2009). In addition, the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW) recommends…

  13. A Learning Theory Approach to Group Counseling with Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinds, William C.; Roehlke, Helen J.

    1970-01-01

    Counseling involved the systematic use of positive reinforcement to shape each child's behavior toward adaptive responses and negative reinforcement to extinguish interfering responses. Results indicated significant changes in adaptive and interfering behaviors occurred within the counseling situation. Adaptive behaviors increased and interfering…

  14. "Stop and Go": In Search of New Ecology and Dynamics in Group Counselling for Employees in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskinen, Anita; Spangar, Timo

    2013-01-01

    "Stop and Go" (SG) is a group counselling concept developed for employees in transition. The SG approach has its main roots in relational psychology. This article explores the ecology and the dynamics of the SG process including the simultaneous presence of societal and social ('meso') factors, as well as the individual…

  15. Patient-guided counseling in the community pharmacy setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, C W; Nykamp, D; Ellington, A M

    2000-01-01

    To test a new prescription counseling method termed "patient-guided counseling" (PGC) in community pharmacies. Post-test experimental design in which subjects were randomized to three groups. Six community pharmacies (three chain and three independent). Patients presenting new prescriptions. Patients were randomly assigned to one of three comparison groups. The PGC group was given a written prompt instructing them to write any questions they wished to ask about their prescription or their medical condition. The pharmacist then incorporated these questions into the subsequent verbal counseling. A second group was given a written prompt encouraging them to ask the pharmacist questions. This was followed by customary verbal counseling. A third group served as the control. No prompts were provided, but the pharmacist did provide customary verbal counseling. Patients' demographics, recall of medication information, and satisfaction with counseling. Patients were contacted by telephone 5 days after the start of drug therapy to measure compliance. Pharmacists rated their satisfaction with the information communicated and with their interactions with patients. Compared with customary verbal counseling, the PGC method was associated with more supplemental questions asked by the patient. Compared with the other two methods, PGC was associated with greater pharmacist satisfaction with the information communicated and slightly longer counseling sessions. No significant differences were found for patients' overall satisfaction with counseling, recall of information, and compliance. In the community pharmacy setting, PGC fosters patient participation in medication counseling, a necessary element for the provision of pharmaceutical care.

  16. Microteaching: a model for employee counseling education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, K M; Beach, B L

    1979-12-01

    An instructional model for the implementation and use of videotape simulation to improve dietetic students' skills in employee counseling was explored in the coordinated undergraduate program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. A five-day intensive workshop was conducted for senior students in the program, utilizing the microteaching technique. Students and actors simulated an employee counseling session on videotape; then, a small group and a clinical instructor evaluated the session. Suggestions from these evaluations were used in a repeat of the situation on videotape. A team of experts randomly viewed all the situations, judging a significant improvement in composite scores for the workshop participants. The students indicated on a Self-Perception of Confidence (SPOC) scale that they felt a higher degree of comfort in handling potential employee counseling after completing the workshop. They were pleased with the workshop and suggested expansion of the technique to other phases of their dietetic education.

  17. The Effects of Group Size, Memory Instruction, and Session Length on the Creative Performance in Electronic Brainstorming Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coskun, Hamit

    2011-01-01

    In the literature, there has been a focus on the effectiveness of larger sized electronic brainstorming groups; however, mechanisms for its effectiveness still remain open to question and some methodological concerns (e.g., the evaluation of ideas and the typing speed, and the use of different formats) continue to be important problems. To…

  18. [Focus on Siblings of Children with Chronic Illness or Disability - A Family Oriented Counselling Program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller, Birgit; Schepper, Florian; Herrmann, Jessy; Gude, Marlies

    2016-01-01

    In the psychosocial support of families with a chronically ill or disabled child siblings are increasingly addressed as a target group for prevention and rehabilitation projects intending to reduce the risk for adverse health consequences. The following article presents a childfocused approach to family counselling as a short-term intervention. Ten flexibly applicable counselling core points covering commonly reported problems of affected siblings and their families are available - including the communication about the disease within the family or the expression of the sibling's feelings and needs. For this purpose an approach in specific counselling sessions has been determined which is used similarly by adept child and youth psychotherapists. The counselling approach is founded theoretically. Furthermore, the counselling approach provides guidance for the structured approach in the diagnosis of potential difficulties, the choice of core points and setting, the closure of counseling sessions as well as the recommendation of additional programs.

  19. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: Results from online focus groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, Ellen S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/308480643; Philbert, Daphne; Van Dijk, Liset L.; De Vries, Tjalling W.; Bouvy, Marcel L.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/153182210

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of

  20. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: results from online focus groups.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, E.S.; Philbert, D.; Dijk, L. van; Vries, T.W. de; Bouvy, M.L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of mode

  1. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: Results from online focus groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, Ellen S.; Philbert, Daphne; Van Dijk, Liset L.; De Vries, Tjalling W.; Bouvy, Marcel L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of mode

  2. The Effects of a Self-Esteem Counseling Group on Male Prisoners' Self-Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicary, Judith R.; Good, Roland

    1983-01-01

    Studied the effectiveness of a self-esteem counseling workshop for fifteen male inmates. The program emphasized family related self-concept, using experiential and discussion strategies. Results indicated a significant increase in the participants' family-based self-esteem scores from pre- to posttest, while no change occurred in peer or…

  3. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: results from online focus groups.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, E.S.; Philbert, D.; Dijk, L. van; Vries, T.W. de; Bouvy, M.L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of

  4. An evaluation of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy sessions for people with dementia and a concomitant support group for their carers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Jan; Kingston, Paul; Alford, Simon; Taylor, Louise; Tolhurst, Edward

    2016-01-18

    This research aimed to ascertain the impact of a pragmatic Cognitive Stimulation Therapy course of 10 sessions on the cognitive function of people living with dementia and whether attending a concomitant carers support group was beneficial to carers. A mixed method quasi-experimental approach was adopted; data were collected pre- and post-intervention. The quantitative arm utilised three validated questionnaires rated by the carers. Qualitative data were collected via semi-structured interviews with carers regarding their perceptions of the impact of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy and the carers support group. Quantitative data analysis found no statistically significant differences within or between groups. The qualitative data demonstrated that carers perceived Cognitive Stimulation Therapy had some benefits for the people living with dementia, especially social benefits. Carers also perceived that attending the carers support group was beneficial for them in terms of gaining a better understanding of dementia, developing coping skills and having peer support. The study was limited in scale and further research with a larger sample, using direct measures of the impact of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy with people living with dementia and supplementary research exploring which characteristic of carers support groups are effective would be worthwhile.

  5. Telegenetics use in presymptomatic genetic counselling: patient evaluations on satisfaction and quality of care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otten, Ellen; Birnie, Erwin; Ranchor, Adelita V; van Langen, Irene M

    2016-04-01

    In recent years, online counselling has been introduced in clinical genetics to increase patients' access to care and to reduce time and cost for both patients and professionals. Most telegenetics reports so far evaluated online oncogenetic counselling at remote health centres in regions with large travelling distances, generally showing positive patient outcomes. We think online counselling--including the use of supportive tools that are also available during in-person counseling--of presymptomatic patients in their homes can also be feasible and valuable for patients in relatively small regions. We performed a single-centre pilot study of online genetic counselling for 57 patients who were presymptomatic cardiogenetic (n=17), presymptomatic oncogenetic (n=34) and prenatal (3 couples). One-third of presymptomatic patients we approached consented to online counselling. Patient evaluations of practical aspects, satisfaction and psychological outcomes were assessed and compared with a matched control group. Patients managed to fulfil the preparations, were significantly more satisfied with their counsellor and counselling session than controls and were satisfied with the online counselling more than they expected to be beforehand. Psychological outcomes (decreased anxiety and increased control) did not differ with control patients. Technical problems occurred in almost half of online sessions. Nonetheless, online counselling in patients' homes proved to be feasible and was appreciated by a substantial part of presymptomatic patients at our genetics centre in the Netherlands. Based on these outcomes, we conclude online counselling can be a valuable addition to existing counselling options in regular patient care.

  6. Investigating effectiveness of group counseling with reality therapy approach on self-esteem of addicted boys having at most 20 years old

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hoseini Shadi; Toozandehjani Hassan

    2016-01-01

    This study is a quasi-experimental research that aimed to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling with reality therapy approach on increasing self-esteem of addicted boys having at most 20 years old...

  7. The Effectiveness of Group Training of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy on Communicative Beliefs of the Couples Referred to Counseling Centers in Isfahan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shakib Johari; Hadis Haji Zadeh; ParisaAmini

    2016-01-01

    .... The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy,through group training, on communication beliefs of the couples who referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. Methods...

  8. Body Movement Synchrony in Psychotherapeutic Counseling: A Study Using the Video-Based Quantification Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaoka, Chika; Komori, Masashi

    Body movement synchrony (i. e. rhythmic synchronization between the body movements of interacting partners) has been described by subjective impressions of skilled counselors and has been considered to reflect the depth of the client-counselor relationship. This study analyzed temporal changes in body movement synchrony through a video analysis of client-counselor dialogues in counseling sessions. Four 50-minute psychotherapeutic counseling sessions were analyzed, including two negatively evaluated sessions (low evaluation groups) and two positively evaluated sessions (high evaluation groups). In addition, two 50-minute ordinary advice sessions between two high school teachers and the clients in the high rating group were analyzed. All sessions represent role-playing. The intensity of the participants' body movement was measured using a video-based system. Temporal change of body movement synchrony was analyzed using moving correlations of the intensity between the two time series. The results revealed (1) A consistent temporal pattern among the four counseling cases, though the moving correlation coefficients were higher for the high evaluation group than the low evaluation group and (2) Different temporal patterns for the counseling and advice sessions even when the clients were the same. These results were discussed from the perspective of the quality of client-counselor relationship.

  9. Counselling Techniques for Outdoor Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Michelle; Chase, Robert

    1992-01-01

    Outdoor leaders need counseling skills to deal with interpersonal conflicts that arise within a group and to facilitate participant growth and change. Person-centered counseling, reality therapy counseling, and behavioral counseling are discussed, as well as how various techniques from each can be used to the benefit of the leader and the group.…

  10. The effects of functional group counseling on inspiring low-achieving students' self-worth and self-efficacy in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Zuway-R; Lin, Huann-shyang; Wang, Hsin-Hui; Chen, Hsiang-Ting; Yu, Tien-chi

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the effects of functional group counseling on inspiring low achievers' self-worth and self-efficacy in Taiwan. Forty-three 10th grade low-achieving students volunteered as the Experimental Group to join a 24-week intervention, which integrated and utilized functional group counseling; another 51 10th grade low-achieving students volunteered to be Comparison Group I. In addition, 43 10th grade moderate or high academic achieving students volunteered to be Comparison Group II. All participants completed the Vocational School Student Questionnaire at the beginning and end of this study to measure their self-worth and self-efficacy. In addition, six target students (two boys and four girls) with the lowest total scores on self-worth or self-efficacy in the pretest were selected from the Experimental Group to be interviewed at the end of the intervention and observed weekly. Analyses of variance, analyses of covariance, and paired t-tests assessed the similarity and differences among groups. The initial findings were as follows: Experimental group students had significantly higher scores on self-efficacy and self-worth than both Comparison Group I and Group II students and functional group counseling was shown to significantly affect the low-achieving students. Qualitative results from interviews and observations were used for triangulation and consolidation of quantitative results. Implications of the study included the recommended use of functional group counseling with low-achieving students.

  11. Predicting Factors of Drop Out Counseling Process in University Psychological Counseling and Guidance Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer OZER

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predicting factors the drop out the counseling process. Methods: The study group consists of 555 college students admitted to a Counseling and Guidance Center (CGC and participated in at least one session of counseling after the first view in the 2013-2014 academic year. As a data collection tool, an “Application Form” on the demographic information and the “Brief Symptom Inventory” was applied to the students; and independent samples t-test and binary logistic regression techniques were used in the analysis of the collected data. Results: According to the analysis results, the age of the students attending the counseling process was found to be higher than those who drop out, but no significant difference was found in their psychometric properties in terms of continuation of the counseling process. Only the age of clients and their previous psychiatric help history was found to predict the dropping out counseling process early. Conclusion: Drop outs are less frequently observed in clients having a previous psychiatric help experience. In addition, it was determined that older clients less frequently drop out the counseling process

  12. Unmet counselling need amongst women accessing an induced abortion service in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birdsey, Graeme; Crankshaw, Tamaryn L; Mould, Sean; Ramklass, Serela S

    2016-11-01

    Provision of objective, evidence-based counselling in the context of induced abortion services is considered global good practise. However, there is limited understanding over the counselling needs of women accessing abortion services, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to explore the content and quality of pre-abortion counselling amongst women accessing an abortion service in South Africa as well as client experience of the counselling process. Perceptions of nurse counsellors were also sought. This was a mixed methods study conducted at a Choice of Termination of Pregnancy clinic based at a district level hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Sixty women requesting an abortion were interviewed via a semi-structured questionnaire. In-depth interviews were conducted with four nurses who provided pre-abortion counselling at the clinic. Interviews were coded for emergent themes and categories. Clinic nurses had widely variable counselling training and experience, ranging from less than 2 months to 8 years, but all clients reported that they had been treated with respect at their counselling session. The group-based counselling format and biomedical and health promotion content did not accommodate clients' differential counselling needs, which included requests for support from women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). There was limited provider awareness of client's additional counselling needs. Abortion counselling services should be tailored to clients' differential counselling needs. Group-based counselling followed by optional one-on-one counselling sessions is one possible strategy to address unmet client need in South Africa. Provision of abortion provider training in IPV is recommended as well as establishment of referral pathways for women experiencing IPV. Paying attention to the differential counselling needs of women seeking an abortion should be a key component to the provision of abortion services. In this way, abortion

  13. COUNSELING TECHNIQUES WITH POTENTIAL DROP-OUT STUDENTS IN JUNIOR COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KUNHART, WILLIAM E.; ROLEDER, GEORGE

    AN ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRE PREVIOUSLY FOUND TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL DROPOUTS WAS COMPLETED BY 450 PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AT MOUNT SAN ANTONIO COLLEGE. THOSE IDENTIFIED AS POTENTIAL DROPOUTS (N-186) WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO GROUPS OF 62 SUBJECTS. IN THREE 1-HOUR GROUP COUNSELING SESSIONS, ONE GROUP WAS SUBMITTED TO A DIRECTIVE…

  14. Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

    2011-01-01

    Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

  15. Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

    2011-01-01

    Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

  16. Allegories and Symbols in Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado, Victor I.; Cavazos, Lionel J.

    2007-01-01

    This manuscript describes how counselors can facilitate self-awareness in clients and counselors-in-training through the use of metaphors. The use of metaphors and others symbols provide a creative, non-intrusive, and non-confrontational approach to counseling. Examples of stories and fables used during counseling sessions and instructional…

  17. 通过团体心理咨询提高初中生自我概念水平的研究%Group Counseling for Enhancing Junior Middle School Students' Self-concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春燕; 詹仁碧; 乔梁

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of group counseling for improving self-concept pf junior middle school students. Methods: Group counseling was conducted on 10 selected junior middle school students. All members were assessed by PHCSS, SES and SCCS before and after intervention. Results: Group counseling was found to increase the students' total scores on PHCSS, SES and SCCS, showing significant improvement on their self-esteem, self-consistency and congruence. Conclusion: Group counseling can improve self-concept of junior middle school students.

  18. Designs and Discriminations for Clinical Group Supervision in Counselling Psychology: An Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigg, Glen

    2006-01-01

    Evidence suggests that group clinical supervision of counsellors and trainees is an effective mode of service delivery. However, clinical supervision is often understood to be concerned with teaching a generic set of skills. Without specifically labeling them as such, clinical supervision groups are implicitly identified as psycho-educational…

  19. Variation in Response to Evidence-Based Group Preventive Intervention for Disruptive Behavior Problems: A View from 938 Coping Power Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lochman, John E; Dishion, Thomas J; Boxmeyer, Caroline L; Powell, Nicole P; Qu, Lixin

    2017-01-05

    Prior research suggests that under some conditions, interventions that aggregate high-risk youth may be less effective, or at worse, iatrogenic. However, group formats have considerable practical utility for delivery of preventive interventions, and thus it is crucial to understand child and therapist factors that predict which aggressive children can profit from group intervention and which do not. To address these questions we video-recorded group Coping Power intervention sessions (938 sessions), coded both leader and participant behavior, and analyzed both leader and children's behaviors in the sessions that predicted changes in teacher and parent, reports of problem behavior at 1-year follow up. The sample included 180 high-risk children (69% male) who received intervention in 30 separate Coping Power intervention groups (six children assigned per group). The evidence-based Coping Power prevention program consists of 32 sessions delivered during the 4th and 5th grade years; only the child component was used in this study. The behavioral coding system used in the analyses included two clusters of behaviors for children (positive; negative) and two for the primary group leaders (group management; clinical skills). Growth spline models suggest that high levels of children's negative behaviors predicted increases in teacher and parent rated aggressive and conduct problem behaviors during the follow-up period in the three of the four models. Therapist use of clinical skills (e.g., warmth, nonreactive) predicted less increase in children's teacher-rated conduct problems. These findings suggest the importance of clinical training in the effective delivery of evidence-based practices, particularly when working with high-risk youth in groups.

  20. 我院团体心理辅导效果分析%Analysis on Effects of Group Mental Health Counseling in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春晓

    2015-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种效率高、感染力强的心理辅导形式,深受高校学生欢迎。本文对我院团体心理辅导的三年实践效果,采用问卷形式进行了评估。%Group mental health counseling is a counseling type with great efficiency and strong infection ,which is popular with college students .This essay makes assessment on the effects of the 3‐year group mental health counseling practice in Wuhan Institute of Shipbuild‐ing Technology based on the questionnaire form .

  1. The Method and Effect of Group Counseling Training%团体辅导培训的方法及效果检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾烜

    2015-01-01

    团体辅导是一种专业的助人技术,随着社会发展,应用在越来越多的领域,这就需要培养相应具有团体带领能力的专业人员。本研究以一项团体领导者培训项目为例,呈现了从团体辅导基础知识、团体辅导理论、团体实际操作等方面综合对团体领导者进行培训的方法。研究对参加团体辅导培训的成员进行了问卷调查,对主观反馈以及问卷测量结果进行量化分析,表明团体辅导培训具有显著效果。同时,从美国等国家和地区对团体领导者的认证标准讨论了我国团体领导者培训进一步发展的方向。%With social development, group counseling is used in more and more areas, which needs professional group leaders who are well trained. This study takes a group leader training program as an example, and presents a comprehensive training method that combining basic knowledge of group counseling, group counseling theory, group counseling practice and so on. Research on members who participate in the training shows that group counseling training has a significant effect. Meanwhile, this research discusses further development of group leader training in our country in comparison with American certification standard of group leaders.

  2. COUNSELING PRACTICES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WATERLOO, GLENN E.

    THE NEED FOR COUNSELING IS EMPHASIZED BY THE FACT THAT 875,000 CHILDREN IN THE UNITED STATES HAVE MENTAL AND PHYSICAL IMPEDIMENTS TO LEARNING. TYPICAL COUNSELING PRACTICES ARE PROBLEM-CENTERED COUNSELING, EXCLUSIVELY "VOCATIONAL" OR "EDUCATIONAL" COUNSELING WITH LITTLE CONCERN FOR THE WHOLE INDIVIDUAL, EXTREME DIRECTIVE OR NONDIRECTIVE COUNSELING,…

  3. Self-Awareness in a Quasi-Counseling Interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liese, Bruce S.

    The relationship between self-awareness and counseling outcome has received little attention in the counseling research literature. In order to test the relationship between counselor-induced and dispositional self-awareness and counseling outcomes, 60 female undergraduates participated in two audiotaped sessions. In the sign-up session subjects'…

  4. Health-related quality of life and self-related health in patients with type 2 diabetes: Effects of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadstrup Eva S

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods We randomised 143 type 2 diabetes patients to either a six-month multidisciplinary group-based rehabilitation programme including patient education, supervised exercise and a cooking-course or a six-month individual counselling programme. HRQOL was measured by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36 and self-rated health was measured by Diabetes Symptom Checklist - Revised (DCS-R. Results In both groups, the lowest estimated mean scores of the SF36 questionnaire at baseline were "vitality" and "general health". There were no significant differences in the change of any item between the two groups after the six-month intervention period. However, vitality-score increased 5.2 points (p = 0.12 within the rehabilitation group and 5.6 points (p = 0.03 points among individual counselling participants. In both groups, the highest estimated mean scores of the DSC-R questionnaire at baseline were "Fatigue" and "Hyperglycaemia". Hyperglycaemic and hypoglycaemic distress decreased significantly after individual counselling than after group-based rehabilitation (difference -0.3 points, p = 0.04. No between-group differences occurred for any other items. However, fatigue distress decreased 0.40 points within the rehabilitation group (p = 0.01 and 0.34 points within the individual counselling group (p p = 0.01. Conclusions A group-based rehabilitation programme did not improve health-related quality of life and self-rated health more than an individual counselling

  5. The Impact of Biblio Group Counseling Supported with the Story of "The Little Prince" upon Mindfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilbay, Azmi Bayram

    2016-01-01

    Using books for healing psychological health is becoming popular day by day. In this process bibliotherapy brings forward suggestions of psychological insight, relieving by identification, relieving from suppressed feelings by discharging and reflecting emotions. The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of biblio group counseling…

  6. Making the Connection: Interweaving Multicultural Creative Arts through the Power of Group Counseling Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Bogusia; Monteiro-Leitner, Julieta; Garrett, Michael T.; Gladding, Samuel T.

    2005-01-01

    Creativity and the creative arts are important to the portrayal of human experiences through a myriad of forms, including visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and written expression. While these forms of creative expression vary within and across cultural groups, a unifying element embedded in creative works seems to prevail through a continuous search…

  7. Making the Connection: Interweaving Multicultural Creative Arts through the Power of Group Counseling Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Bogusia; Monteiro-Leitner, Julieta; Garrett, Michael T.; Gladding, Samuel T.

    2005-01-01

    Creativity and the creative arts are important to the portrayal of human experiences through a myriad of forms, including visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and written expression. While these forms of creative expression vary within and across cultural groups, a unifying element embedded in creative works seems to prevail through a continuous search…

  8. Enhancement of Former Drug Abusers' Career Development through Structured Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Robert J.

    1978-01-01

    Efforts were made to facilitate career development of former drug abusers. Treatment consisted of a modified form of Daane's vocational exploration group (VEG). Subjects had significantly greater maturity of career attitudes and competencies than controls and greater clarity of career plans. Results indicate the VEG enhanced career-development…

  9. Personal Growth and Awareness of Counseling Trainees in an Experiential Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Kiweewa, John M.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports research that utilized a grounded theory methodology to explore the experiences of 14 master's level counselor trainees who participated in an experiential group as part of their counselor education course work. Data were collected through weekly reflection journals. Trainees identified 30 systemically interconnected aspects…

  10. Coping with the Murder of a Loved One: Counseling Survivors of Murder Victims in Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Alexis O.; Molina, Bogusia; MacVane, Sandi L.

    2003-01-01

    The survival of the murder of a loved one is a psychologically taxing process. Survivors of murder victims experience stressors that originate from the exigencies of the interpersonal, situational, and the criminal justice system domains. Group facilitators must be aware of the experiences and the mental health dynamics common to survivors, the…

  11. Cross-Cultural Group Counseling and the Use of the Sentence Completion Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Sandoval Aureliano

    1984-01-01

    Describes the use of the sentence completion method in multi-ethnic groups using a set of eight cross-cultural sentence items. Participants' feedback suggested that the method has been instrumental in the exploration and conceptual understanding of cultural, ethnical and lingual aspects. (JAC)

  12. Effect of Group Counseling on Improving Impoverished Undergraduates' Self-esteem%团体辅导对贫困大学生自尊的干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘莉; 周珂

    2011-01-01

    To study the effect of group counseling on improving the impoverished undergraduates' selfesteem,a group counseling scheme is designed and carried out for eighteen impoverished undergraduates once a week for eight weeks. The quantitative scale is used to assess the effect of group counseling. The results show that the group counseling can improve the impoverished undergraduates' selfesteem significantly, promote their social support comprehension, coping style and positive emotion, and exert a potential long-term effect on improving the impoverished undergraduates' self-esteem.%为探讨团体辅导对贫困生自尊的干预效果,运用自主设计的团体辅导方案,对18名贫困生进行为期八周、每周一次的团体心理辅导,并通过量化分析,评估干预效果。结果显示,团体辅导能显著提升贫困生自尊水平,并在提高社会支持领悟水平、改善应对方式、增加积极情绪体验等方面具有显著作用,对持续改善贫困生自尊具有潜在的长期效应。

  13. Positive Group Counseling Intervention on College Students' Depression%积极团体辅导对大学生抑郁的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽萍; 徐伟; 张婷婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨积极团体辅导对大学生抑郁的效果;方法:通过量表筛选自愿参加的大学生36名,组成实验组和控制组,对实验组实施积极团体辅导,控制组不做干预,用scl90和SDS量表进行前测、后测研究;结果:通过积极团体辅导干预后,实验组的成员在强迫因子、抑郁因子和焦虑因子方面都有了显著的改善,SDS显示,抑郁水平显著性下降。结论:积极团体辅导能够对大学生抑郁起到很好的干预作用。%Objective:To explore the effect of positive group counseling on college students' depression;Methods:36 vol-untary college students,divided into experimental group and control group, the experimental group implement positive group counseling, control group do not intervene, using scl90 and SDS scale test before and after intervention to collect data;Re-sults:Through positive group counseling, the members of the group in forcing factor, factor of depression and anxiety factor has a significant improvement, SDS shows the level of depression significantly decreased. Conclusion:Positive group coun-seling have good effect on college students' depression.

  14. On Application of Group Psychological Counselling in Class Construction%浅谈团体心理辅导在班级建设中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任红漫

    2012-01-01

    Group psychological counselling is to carry out psychological training through group activities.In classes which are special groups,group counseling can be applied in class construction,which can be of great significance in strengthening class unity,forming good class atmosphere and promoting healthy psychological growth of students.%团体心理辅导是在一定情景下,通过开展团体活动而进行的心理训练形式。班级作为一个特殊的团体,可以应用团体心理辅导开展班级建设,这对增强班级凝聚力,形成良好的班风以及学生个体的心理健康成长等都有着重要的意义。

  15. Maintaining ideal body weight counseling sessions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brammer, S.H.

    1980-10-09

    The purpose of this program is to provide employees with the motivation, knowledge and skills necessary to maintain ideal body weight throughout life. The target audience for this program, which is conducted in an industrial setting, is the employee 40 years of age or younger who is at or near his/her ideal body weight.

  16. Recommendations from multi-disciplinary focus groups on cascade testing and genetic counseling for fragile X-associated disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConkie-Rosell, Allyn; Abrams, Liane; Finucane, Brenda; Cronister, Amy; Gane, Louise W; Coffey, Sarah M; Sherman, Stephanie; Nelson, Lawrence M; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth; Hessl, David; Chiu, Sufen; Street, Natalie; Vatave, Ajay; Hagerman, Randi J

    2007-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to report the outcome of a collaborative project between the Fragile X Research and Treatment Center at the Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (M.I.N.D.) Institute at the University of California at Davis, the National Fragile X Foundation (NFXF), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The objective of this collaboration was to develop and disseminate protocols for genetic counseling and cascade testing for the multiple disorders associated with the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) mutation. Over the last several years, there has been increasing insight into the phenotypic range associated with both the premutation and the full mutation of the FMR1 gene. To help develop recommendations related to screening for fragile X-associated disorders, four, two day advisory focus group meetings were conducted, each with a different theme. The four themes were: (1) fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS); (2) premature ovarian failure (POF) and reproductive endocrinology; (3) psychiatric, behavioral and psychological issues; and (4) population screening and related ethical issues.

  17. A Study of Intervention of Narrative Group Counseling on College Students' Self-identity%叙事取向团体辅导对大学生自我认同的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵君; 李焰; 李祚

    2012-01-01

    health education. In this research, 36 college students were selected through recruitment on campus. They were tested with a quasi-experimental de- sign method, and then they were divided into an experiment group and a control group. The 18 college students in the experiment group were arranged to attend eight sessions of narrative-oriented group counseling, while the control group received no treatment. Throughout the experiment, all subjects participated in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up test. We tested the effectiveness of counseling by com- paring the within-subject and the between-subject of the two groups. In addition, we conducted a qualitative assessment of interviews, recordings and the feedback sheets to the group counseling. The results of the research revealed that narrative-oriented group counseling was an effective way to improve college students' selfidentity. In the instant test, the experiment group was significantly higher than the control group in the total level of self-identity, presented commitment and aspiration of future commitment(p 〈. 01 ,p 〈 0. 05 ,p 〈 0. 05 ). In the lasting test, the experiment group was significantly higher than the control group in the total level of self-identity, present commitment and aspiration of tuture commitment( p 〈. 001, p 〈. 01, p 〈. 001 ). The core and the skills of narrative therapy were the key therapeutic factors to improve the formation of selfidentity. According to the results, narrative therapy emphasizes curiosity, respect and cherish to creat a sate, warm and supporting atmosphere ; externalization and deconstruction make a distance between the members and questions, in order to discuss the influence of the questions; to look for and enrich the unique outcomes make the subjects realise their own positive resource; outsider witness groups can strengthen the subjects' agency. The conclusion is that narrative-oriented group counseling is effective in promoting the development

  18. 团体辅导对大学生自尊的影响%The Influence of Group Counseling on the Self-esteem of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵翠荣; 魏谨; 龙松

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of group counseling on the self-esteem of college students, check the intervention ef-fect of group counseling on the level of college students' esteem, and explore the scheme of group counseling to improve the level of college students' self-esteem. Method:Based on the theory of group counseling, 8 times of heterogeneous group counseling oc-cupying 24 hours in total were carried out on 32 college students recruited and interviewed."Self-esteem Scale (SES)"was used as the tool to evaluate the effect before and after the intervention. Result:The average values measured by the scale before and af-ter the intervention are 27.45 ±4.36 and 29.79 ±3.77 respec-tively, (=2.05), and the difference is significant. Conclusion:Group counseling can promote the exchange among group mem-bers through the group atmosphere, improve self-awareness through interpersonal communication, and reflect individual val-ues through mutual help and teamwork, thus helping college stu-dents to improve their level of self-esteem.%目的:探讨团体辅导对大学生自尊的影响过程,检验团体辅导对大学生自尊水平的干预效果,探索提高大学生自尊水平的团体辅导方案.方法:以团体辅导理论为基础,对招募并访谈产生的32名大学生进行成长性、结构化、封闭式的异质团体辅导8次共计24小时.运用《自尊量表(SES)》做干预前后效果评估工具.结果:自尊量表测量前后均值分别是27.45 ±4.36和29.79 ±3.77分(t=2.05),前后差异显著.结论:团体辅导能够通过团体氛围促进成员交流、通过人际沟通完善自我意识、通过人际互助和团队合作体现个人价值,进而帮助大学生提高自尊水平.

  19. Panel Session

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Olav Wedege

    2004-01-01

    In this panel session, four researchers will discuss the role of a theoretical foundation, in particular AT, in the design of information technology based artefacts. The general discussion will take of from a specific examination of the ActAD approach.......In this panel session, four researchers will discuss the role of a theoretical foundation, in particular AT, in the design of information technology based artefacts. The general discussion will take of from a specific examination of the ActAD approach....

  20. Can a Single Session of a Community-Based Group Exercise Program Combining Step Aerobics and Bodyweight Resistance Exercise Acutely Reduce Blood Pressure?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendes Romeu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the acute effects of a single session of a community-based group exercise program combining step aerobics and bodyweight resistance exercise on blood pressure in healthy young adult women. Twentythree healthy young adult women (aged 31.57 ± 7.87 years participated in two experimental sessions (exercise and control in a crossover study design. Blood pressure was monitored before, immediately after and at 10, 20 and 30 min of recovery. The exercise session consisted of four phases: 1 a warm-up (5 min of dance aerobics; 2 aerobic exercise training (30 min of step aerobics; 3 resistance exercise training (six sets of 12 repetitions of three bodyweight exercises in a circuit mode, 10 min; and 4 a cool-down (5 min of breathing and flexibility exercises; totaling 50 min of duration. Systolic blood pressure after exercise was significantly lower compared to control at the 10th min (-10.83 ± 2.13 vs. -2.6 ± 2.13 mmHg; p = 0.009, 20th min (-11.26 ± 2.13 vs. -3.04 ± 2.13 mmHg; p = 0.009 and 30th min of recovery (-10.87 ± 2.39 vs. -0.48 ± 2.39 mmHg; p = 0.004. A single session of a community-based group exercise program combining step aerobics and bodyweight resistance exercise was effective in inducing significant post-exercise hypotension in healthy young adult women. This type of low-cost exercise interventions may have an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and in community health promotion.

  1. Needs Session Outline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-12

    into two groups 5.5.2 Assign the most likely theme scenario to both groups 5.5.3 Each group selects a session recorder 5.5.4 Using Brainwriting in...of the two remaining theme scenarios. 5.5.10 Repeat steps (3) through (8) except that the group that used Brainwriting for the first scenario should

  2. Counseling with Exceptional Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

  3. 团体心理辅导对大一新生人际容纳的影响%Effect of Group Counseling on Interpersonal Acceptance of Freshman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟红; 程慧君; 范兴华

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨团体心理辅导对大一新生人际容纳的影响。方法从某师范院校新生中随机选择两个班作为实验组和对照组各50人,对实验组进行7次团体心理辅导,采用容纳他人量表和UCLA孤独量表进行前后测,以前后测结果的对照作为干预效果指标。结果团体心理辅导后,实验组的人际容纳水平显著高于对照组(t=2.10,P<0.05);实验组中,低容纳组和中间组的团体辅导效果优于高容纳组;实验组的孤独水平低于对照组(t=-5.83,P<0.001)。结论团体心理辅导能有效促进大一新生的人际容纳。%Objective To investigate the effect of group counseling on interpersonal acceptance of freshman .Methods Freshman were randomly selected from two classes to experimental group and control group ( 50 people of each group ) in a normal university in Changsha .Experimental group received seven group counseling ,the effects was valued by the scale of acceptance of others and the scale of loneliness ( UCLA) .Results After the intervention ,scores of interpersonal acceptance in experimental group were significantly higher than that in control group;in the experimental group ,the effect of group counseling in low acceptance group and intermediate group were better than that in high acceptance group;scores of the loneliness of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of control group.Conclusion Group counseling has great positive effect on interpersonal acceptance of freshman .

  4. Comparative Study of Group Counseling and Outward Bound%团体心理辅导和拓展训练的比较研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇; 高继祥

    2013-01-01

    The article compares the group counseling with the outward bound in 6 aspects containing conception, origin and develop ment, theory background, functions, organization and principles. The conclusions are as followed:There are both differences and generalities between the group counseling and the outward bound . Both of them are group education activities with the game as the carrier. Group counseling emphasizes on professionality and therapeutic. Outward bound emphasizes on outdoor and challenging.%  从团体心理辅导和拓展训练的概念、起源与发展历程、理论背景、功能、组织形式、原则6个方面对二者进行了比较,总结如下:团体心理辅导和拓展训练既有差异,也有共性。团体心理辅导和拓展训练都是以游戏为载体,以激发个体即时体验为契机的团体教育活动。团体心理辅导注重专业性和治疗性。拓展训练注重户外性和挑战性。

  5. Health-related quality of life and self-related health in patients with type 2 diabetes: effects of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadstrup, Eva S; Frølich, Anne; Perrild, Hans;

    2011-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness...... of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients....

  6. The Effect of Group Counseling on Physiological Aspect of Self-care and HbA1C Level of Patients with Diabetes Type II

    OpenAIRE

    Seyedreza Mazlom; Mahbobeh Firooz; Farzane Hasanzade; Seyedali Kimiaee; Aliakbar Raoufsaeb

    2015-01-01

    Background: The most important underlying cause of death in diabetic patients is poor self-care. The effect of education on self-care promotion has been widely investigated; however, the advisory role and impact of the treatment team have been scarcely investigated.  Aim: Determining the effect of group counseling on the psychological aspect of self-care and level of glycosylated hemoglobin in the patients with diabetes type II. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 73 patients with type I...

  7. Health-related quality of life and self-related 1 health in patients 2 with type 2 diabetes: Effects of group-based rehabilitation - versus individual counseling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadstrup, Eva Soelberg; Frølich, Anne; Perrild, Hans Jørgen Duckert

    2012-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness ...... of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients....

  8. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as Treatments for Academic Procrastination: A Randomized Controlled Group Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuo; Zhou, Ya; Yu, Shi; Ran, Li-Wen; Liu, Xiang-Ping; Chen, Yu-Fei

    2017-01-01

    Objective: This study tested the efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), compared with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), in alleviating academic procrastination. Method: A total of 60 (53.3% male) undergraduates suffering from academic procrastination were randomly assigned to two treatment groups (ACT and CBT) and a control group.…

  9. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as Treatments for Academic Procrastination: A Randomized Controlled Group Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuo; Zhou, Ya; Yu, Shi; Ran, Li-Wen; Liu, Xiang-Ping; Chen, Yu-Fei

    2017-01-01

    Objective: This study tested the efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), compared with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), in alleviating academic procrastination. Method: A total of 60 (53.3% male) undergraduates suffering from academic procrastination were randomly assigned to two treatment groups (ACT and CBT) and a control group.…

  10. Training Counseling Students to Work More Effectively with Short-Term Clients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatchett, Gregory

    2011-01-01

    Most clients attend only a few sessions before dropping out of counseling and, consequently, never traverse the series of stages delineated in many counseling process models. There is frequently a mismatch between the counseling process as portrayed in many counseling textbooks with the counseling process students are likely to experience when…

  11. 团体心理辅导在高校创业教育中的应用%Application of Group Counseling in Entrepreneurship Education in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬梅

    2012-01-01

    The cultivation of innovative ability and psychological quality of entrepreneurship should be paid with attention in entrepreneurship education in universities. The cultivation of psychological quality of entrepreneurship was conducted by the authors based on group counseling theory and technology. Group counseling plan and operational process were designed in terms of entrepreneurship awareness, creative ability, entrepreneurship confidence and self efficacy, thus exploring the positive effects of group counseling on entrepreneurship education in universities.%运用团体心理辅导的理论与技术对大学生进行创业心理品质教育,在创业意识、创新能力、创业自信心、创业自我效能感方面设计团体辅导方案及操作流程,旨在探索团体心理辅导对高校创业教育的促进作用。

  12. Panel Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Mid-Year Meeting, 1992

    1992-01-01

    Lists the speakers and summarizes the issues addressed for 12 panel sessions on topics related to networking, including libraries and national networks, federal national resources and energy programs, multimedia issues, telecommuting, remote image serving, accessing the Internet, library automation, scientific information, applications of Z39.50,…

  13. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study - a randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Ulla; Kristoffersen, Lis; Ladelund, Steen;

    2008-01-01

    participants were invited for a health examination. High risk individuals were included in this study (n = 2 356) and changes in dietary intake were analyzed using multilevel linear regression analyses. RESULTS: At one-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio...... compared to group B and in men a significantly greater decrease in saturated fat intake was found in group A compared to group B (net change: -1.13 E%; P = 0.003). No differences were found between group A and B at three-year follow-up. At five-year follow-up group A had significantly increased...... the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio (net change: 0.09; P = 0.01) and the fish intake compared to group B (net change: 5.4 g/day; P = 0.05). Further, in men a non-significant tendency of a greater decrease was found at five year follow-up in group A compared to group B (net change: -0.68 E%; P = 0.10). The intake...

  14. A group approach to genetic counselling of cardiomyopathy patients : satisfaction and psychological outcomes sufficient for further implementation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otten, Ellen; Birnie, Erwin; Ranchor, Adelita V.; van Tintelen, J. Peter; van Langen, Irene M.

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of next-generation sequencing in everyday clinical genetics practise is increasing the number of genetic disorders that can be confirmed at DNA-level, and consequently increases the possibilities for cascade screening. This leads to a greater need for genetic counselling, whereas th

  15. Marriage Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... counseling can help couples in all types of intimate relationships — heterosexual or homosexual, married or not. Some ... marriage counseling to address many specific issues, including: Communication problems Sexual difficulties Conflicts about child rearing or ...

  16. Genetic Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A ... meets with you to discuss genetic risks. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. ...

  17. 团体咨询在大学生就业心理辅导中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling in the Employment Psychological Counseling of University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元鲲

    2014-01-01

    Higher education maintains a rapid growth in recent years, leading to an increasing number of graduates, so the em-ployment competition is increasingly severe, but whether univer-sity students can successfully find jobs relates to social harmony and stability. University students' employment psychology is the inner reason influencing their employment. During university pe-riod, university students mostly take part in group activities, and they pay more attention to their contemporaries' views, which creates their strong willing of interpersonal communication and participation in group activities. Therefore, group counseling has incomparable advantages. Through analyzing the current situation of university students' psychological problems in employment and the status of group counseling application, this paper further ex-plored the application of group counseling in solving university students' psychological problems in employment, which is of im-portant theoretical and practical significance to the perfection of university students' psychological health education, the promotion of their successful and full employment, and the construction of a harmonious society.%近年来,高等教育保持了高速增长,毕业生数量日益增长,就业竞争愈加激烈,大学生能否顺利、充分就业关系到社会和谐稳定。大学生就业心理是影响其就业的重要内在原因。大学生在校期间多以团体为单位活动,更重视同龄人的看法,大学生有较强的人际交往意愿,乐于参与团体。因此,团体咨询具有不可比拟的优点。本文通过分析当前大学生就业心理问题、团体咨询的应用现状,进一步探索团体咨询在解决大学生就业心理问题中的应用,对于完善大学生心理健康教育,促进其顺利、充分就业,对于构建和谐社会具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  18. The effects of adding group-based lifestyle counselling to individual counselling on changes in plasma glucose levels in a randomized controlled trial: The Inter99 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lau, C.; Vistisen, D.; Toft, U.

    2011-01-01

    participants, 4053 were determined to be at high risk based on a risk estimate of ischaemic heart disease or the presence of risk factors (smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance). Of these subjects, 90% were randomized to high-intensity intervention (group A) and 10...

  19. Counseling Services for Women in Marriage Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frischa Meivilona Yendi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Marriage is a bond between the outer and inner man as a husband who has not aged 25 years and women 21 years old wife is not with the purpose of achieving happiness. Marriage and family counseling is a profession that will be developed in Indonesia. Counseling emphasizes on changes contained in the family system. Stages counseling, theory and dynamics as well as the use of counseling skills in marriage and family counseling has similarities with individual counseling and group counseling.

  20. Medication counselling: physicians' perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnerup, Dorthe Krogsgaard; Lisby, Marianne; Eskildsen, Anette Gjetrup; Saedder, Eva Aggerholm; Nielsen, Lars Peter

    2013-12-01

    Medication reviews have the potential to lower the incidence of prescribing errors. To benefit from a medication review, the prescriber must adhere to medication counselling. Adherence rates vary from 39 to 100%. The aim of this study was to examine counselling-naive hospital physicians' perspectives and demands to medication counselling as well as study factors that might increase adherence to the counselling. The study was conducted as a questionnaire survey among physicians at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The questionnaire was developed based on focus group interviews and literature search, and was pilot-tested among 30 physicians before being sent to 669 physicians. The questionnaire consisted of 35 items divided into four categories: attitudes (19 items), behaviours (3 items), assessment (8 items) and demographics (5 items). The response rate was 60% (400/669). Respondents were employed at psychiatric, medical or surgical departments. Eighty-five per cent of respondents agreed that patients would benefit of an extra medication review, and 72% agreed that there was a need for external medication counselling. The most important factor that could increase adherence was the clinical relevance of the counselling as 78% rated it of major importance. The most favoured method for receiving counselling was via the electronic patient record.

  1. Abstracts of SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Presents abstracts of 15 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Topics include navigation and information utilization in the Internet, natural language processing, automatic indexing, image indexing, classification, users' models of database searching, online public access catalogs, education for information professions, information services,…

  2. The Effectiveness of Group Training of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy on Communicative Beliefs of the Couples Referred to Counseling Centers in Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakib Johari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and the goal of the study: The major communicative problems, after marriage, include weakening the couples' communication, unrealistic beliefs, prejudgments and negative attitudes. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy,through group training, on communication beliefs of the couples who referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. Methods: The proposal of the study is a quasi-experimental research design with a pretest – posttest which includes a control group. The study samples encompass all the couples referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. In order to select a sample size, out of the applicants, through voluntary and available sampling method, 30 individuals were selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The elicitation tool used in this study was Relationship Beliefs Questionnaire. The experimental group was trained by a Rational- Emotive Behavior therapeutic approach and the control group did not receive any training at all. Then for all the participants a post-test was taken and finally after 2 months a follow-up test was conducted. In order to analyze the data, variance with repeated measures and Bonferroni correctionviausing SPSS 20 statistical software were used. Results: The results showed that the group training ofRational- Emotive Behavior therapeutic approach has impact on communicative beliefs and accordingly, there is a significant difference between the communicative beliefs of experimental and control groups(P < 0.01. Discussion: Based on the findings of this study,Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy can be used to improve the couples' communicative beliefs.

  3. Meaningful Experiences in the Counseling Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sackett, Corrine; Lawson, Gerard; Burge, Penny L.

    2012-01-01

    Researchers examined the experiences of a counseling session from the perspectives of counselors-intraining (CITs) and clients. Post-session phenomenological interviews were conducted to elicit participants' meaningful experiences, and the analysis revealed both similarities and differences. Researchers found the following themes most meaningful…

  4. SMAR Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploutz-Snyder, Robert

    2011-01-01

    This slide presentation is a series of educational presentations that are on the statistical function of analysis of variance (ANOVA). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) examines variability between groups, relative to within groups, to determine whether there's evidence that the groups are not from the same population. One other presentation reviews hypothesis testing.

  5. Effect of center-based counseling for veterans and veterans' families on long-term mental health outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Meaghan; Varker, Tracey; Perry, Desmond; Phelps, Andrea

    2013-12-01

    The Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service (VVCS), established by the Australian government, plays a pivotal role in providing mental health services to veterans and their families. This research explored the impact of center-based psychological counseling on depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use severity. A stratified sample of VVCS clients were invited to participate in this study. Data were collected on intake to the program, at the fifth counseling session, and 12 months after the commencement of counseling. Repeated-measures general linear model analyses were conducted to examine the impact of center-based counseling on depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol severity over time. VVCS center-based counseling resulted in a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use severity after five sessions, and these improvements were maintained over the next 12 months. Despite these improvements, however, participants continued to report moderate-to-severe levels of mental health problems. VVCS center-based counseling successfully reduced depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use symptom severity of veterans and their families. However, the clinical profiles of this population are often complex and challenges remain in terms of addressing the mental health needs of this group.

  6. An Assessment of a Computerized Simulation of Counseling Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.; Lucas, Margaretha

    1993-01-01

    Developed Computerized Counseling Simulation, simulation of client-counselor interaction. Tested simulation on seven groups with varying degrees of counseling experience: counselors, predoctoral counseling interns, counseling students, first-year counseling students, student peer counselors, undergraduates, and noncounselors (total n=108). Interns…

  7. Positive Psychology As Applied to Group Counseling for Drug Abstainers%积极心理学在戒毒人员团体辅导中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞晓歆; 耿文秀; 姜永; 张衍

    2012-01-01

    戒毒人员的心理干预与矫治正日益受到重视。积极心理学关注人们发掘自身的积极品质和积极力量,戒毒人员同样拥有积极力量。本研究对上海市某强制隔离戒毒所的戒毒人员开展了以积极心理学为理论基础的团体心理辅导。团体辅导之后,实验组在正性情感和乐观上的得分都显著高于团体辅导前,对照组在团体辅导前后则没有显著变化。可见,将积极心理学应用于戒毒人员的团体辅导具有积极意义,团体辅导是一种有效的戒毒心理矫治方式。%Positive psychology is a scientific study of positive experiences, individual traits and institutions that facilitate development. Psychological intervention has been applied to drug abstainers to help them quit drugs in recent years. However, nowadays, in the field of psychological intervention, group counseling is not a common way for drug abstainers. So we conducted the study to assess the effectiveness of group counseling in helping drug abstainers. In the study, we designed a series of courses and activities applying positive psychology and focusing on the positive strength of drug abstainers as our intervention program. A sample of 28 subjects (2 of them quitted because of their sickness during the study) from a drug rehabilitation center in Shanghai was selected to participate in the study. Their ages ranged from 22 to 40 years old( average age = 30. 9). 13 of them were randomly chosen as the experimental group and the other 13 as the control group. They completed the Affect Scale and the Life Orientation Test (LOT) before and after the group counse- ling. The experimental group took part in the group counseling for 4 months, once every week. Each course lasted about 2 hours. The 16 courses included topics of family love, thanksgiving, positive communication, optimism, confidence and hope, etc. The group members shared their past life experiences and family lives

  8. Content Analysis of 32 Years of American Counseling Association Convention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helwig, Andrew A.; Schmidt, Lisa L. L.

    2011-01-01

    A content analysis of American Counseling Association convention sessions offered from 1977 to 2008 was conducted. The intent was to identify changes and trends in the counseling profession. Content of more than 15,000 sessions, including educational programs, keynote presentations, and training sessions, was assigned to 1 of 86 categories. A…

  9. Content Analysis of 32 Years of American Counseling Association Convention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helwig, Andrew A.; Schmidt, Lisa L. L.

    2011-01-01

    A content analysis of American Counseling Association convention sessions offered from 1977 to 2008 was conducted. The intent was to identify changes and trends in the counseling profession. Content of more than 15,000 sessions, including educational programs, keynote presentations, and training sessions, was assigned to 1 of 86 categories. A…

  10. Exploring the Affective Inner Experiences of Therapists in Training: The Qualitative Interaction between Session Experience and Session Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melton, John L.; Nofzinger-Collins, Dawn; Wynne, Martha E.; Susman, Marilyn

    2005-01-01

    Thirty-four 1st-year counseling students recorded their inner experiences following a simulated counseling session. Using a qualitative collective case study approach to extract emotion from a large pool of inner experience, 6 judges identified samples of affect through a triangulation process using intensity, extreme, and critical case sampling…

  11. On group psychological counseling in college class construction%团体心理辅导在高校班级建设中的应用探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范乾坤

    2012-01-01

      目前,高校班级建设中存在着凝聚力、归属感缺乏等问题,文章对团体心理辅导引入班级建设的可行性进行了探索,并通过实际案例介绍了团体心理辅导在班级建设中的应用。%  At present, the existing problems such as lack of cohesion and sense of belonging, This article explores the class construction feasibility to take group psychological counseling into undertook ation , and through an actual case, introduces application of the group psychological tutorship in class construction.

  12. 基于依恋视角的团体咨询与治疗研究综述%Review of Group Counseling and Group Therapy from the Pointview of Attachment Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁小华; 樊富珉

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, papers about the application of attachment theory in group counseling and therapy were reviewed and divided into three parts: the mechanism of group counseling based on the attachment, the research on the relationship of attachment and group process, and the research on the relationship of attachment and group effectiveness. The domestic research about attachment was also reviewed at the end of the paper, and the constrictions and future research were pointed out.%团体辅导是大学生心理健康教育的重要途径之一,依恋理论是能够解读团体过程与结果的理论框架,并能够指导团体辅导的进行.本文梳理了依恋理论在团体咨询与治疗中的应用文献,从基于依恋的团体治疗的机制,依恋与团体过程的相关研究,依恋与团体辅导效果的研究等几个方面进行综述,并提出了基于依恋视角的团体辅导的操作意见.

  13. Long-term effect of physical activity counseling on mobility limitation among older people: a randomized controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mänty, Minna Regina; Heinonen, Ari; Leinonen, Raija

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity counseling increases physical activity among older people, but its effectiveness on mobility, that is, maintaining the ability to move independently, is unknown. We studied the effect of physical activity counseling on mobility among older people and evaluated whether...... counseling-induced benefits persist after cessation of the intervention. METHODS: In a 2-year, single-blinded, randomized controlled study, 632 sedentary participants aged 75-81 years were randomly assigned into the intervention (n = 318) or control (n = 314) group. The intervention group received a single...... individualized physical activity counseling session with a supportive telephone contact every 4 months for 2 years. The outcome measures-perceived difficulty in advanced (walking 2 km) and basic (walking 0.5 km) mobility-were gathered semiannually during the intervention and the 1.5-year postintervention follow...

  14. On the Current Situation of Studies on Students' Group Psychological Counseling in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校大学生团体心理辅导的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭凯娟

    2016-01-01

    文章对团体心理辅导对大学生进行心理健康教育的积极作用的进行阐述,并对高职院校施行团体心理辅导的可行性和优势进行分析,最后提出开展团体心理辅导的途径和方法。%This paper elaborates the positive role of group psy-chological counseling for college students' psychological health education, analyzes the feasibility and advantages of implement-ing group psychological counseling in higher vocational colleges, and finally proposes the ways to implement group psychological counseling.

  15. Application of Group Counseling in Freshman Class Management in Higher Vocational College%团体心理辅导在高职新生班级管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶大伟

    2011-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种利用团体的力量来帮助个体成长的心理辅导技巧,强调亲身体验和感受.在高职新生班级管理中应用团体心理辅导,有助于民主型师生关系的建立,有助于班级凝聚力的形成,有助于帮助学生解除适应不良现象.%Group counseling is a psychological counseling skill to help the individual growth with group's strength, emphasizing personal experience and feeling. The application of group counseling in freshman class management in higher vocational college will contribute to the establishment of democratic relationship between teachers and students, the formation of class cohesion and relieve students' maladjustment phenomenon.

  16. 内地与台湾团体心理咨询研究现状比较分析%A Comparative Analysis of Present Researches on Group Counseling Between Mainland and Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾炬; 樊富珉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the development tendency of group counseling research through the comparison of group counseling research between Mainland and Taiwan. Methods: Based on major psychological journals and excellent masters' and doctors' dissertations on group counseling from 1990 to 2009 in Mainland and Taiwan, this study compares the research quantities, objectives and methods of these two places. Results: Group counseling research in Taiwan is rich,and research methods are more standard, while group counseling research in Mainland increases rapidly, involving the continuous expansion of application fields. Conclusion: At present the group counseling is more developed in Taiwan than in Mainland, which means that there is great developmental potential in the mainland. What's more, according to the developing history and present research situation of group counseling in Taiwan, it is concluded the future research directions of Taiwan tend to the development of influence factors on efficacy of group counseling, the influence mechanism of group process and local research.%目的:通过比较内地与台湾的团体心理咨询研究状况探讨团体咨询研究的发展趋势.方法:选取1990-2009年期间两岸的主要心理学期刊和优秀硕、博士论文中对团体心理咨询的研究,从研究数量、研究对象、研究方法等方面进行比较分析.结果:台湾团体咨询研究内容比较丰富,研究方法更为规范,内地团体咨询研究数量增加迅速,涉及的应用领域在不断扩展.结论:目前台湾地区的团体心理咨询研究较内地更为发达,而内地该领域的研究还有很大的发展空间.同时从台湾的研究现状来看,团体咨询研究有向团体疗效因素研究、团体过程影响机制分析、本土化研究等方向发展的趋势.

  17. Reflections on the Implementation of Group Psychological Counseling for Police College Students%在警察院校大学生中开展团体心理咨询的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡世群

    2013-01-01

    Group psychological counseling and individual coun-seling has become an important form of mental health education in university, especially group psychological counseling with the advantages individual counseling does not possess. According to police college students' psychological health status, we carry out targeted group psychological counseling, which will help to maintain police college students' mental health.%  团体心理咨询与个别心理咨询已成为大学心理健康教育的重要形式。特别是团体心理咨询,有个别心理咨询所不具备的优势。根据目前警察院校大学生的心理健康现状,开展有针对性的团体心理咨询活动,对保持警察院校大学生心理健康更有帮助。

  18. Motivational Counseling to Reduce Sitting Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aadahl, Mette; Linneberg, Allan; Møller, Trine C

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is regarded as a distinct risk factor for cardiometabolic morbidity and mortality, but knowledge of the efficacy of interventions targeting reductions in sedentary behavior is limited. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of an individualized face-to-face motivational......-based Health2010 Study. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to a control (usual lifestyle) or intervention group with four individual theory-based counseling sessions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Objectively measured overall sitting time (ActivPAL 3TM, 7 days); secondary measures were breaks in sitting time.......54, -0.29, p=0.01) were observed in favor of the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: Although the observed decrease in sitting time was not significant, a community-based, individually tailored, theory-based intervention program aimed at reducing sitting time may be effective for increasing standing...

  19. Whatever Happened to Counseling in Counseling Psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    A suspected decline in published counseling-related research in "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP") and the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") was investigated through content analyses of the two journals from 1979 to 2008. A marked decline in counseling-related research may signify a shift in emphasis away from counseling as the most…

  20. Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies in Undergraduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrada, Ana Ulloa; Durlak, Joseph A.; Juarez, Scott C.

    2002-01-01

    Assessed impact of training undergraduates in multicultural counseling competencies. When compared with a control group of students in a psychology of personality course (n=20), repeated measures analyses of variance confirmed that multicultural counseling trainees (n=21) significantly increased levels of multicultural counseling awareness and…

  1. Counseling Third Culture Kids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barringer, Carolyn Fox

    Third Culture Kids (TCKs) represent a group of youth who have lived overseas with their families for business, service, or missionary work. The implications of living in multiple cultures, especially during the developmental and formative years of youth, warrant investigation. This study informs the US counseling community about the…

  2. Session 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    3.1 Systems Analysis of Mitochondrial Pathogenesis Vamsi Mootha Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Mitochondrial dysfunction underlies a wide range of human diseases, including rare, monogenic diseases, common diseases, as well as the aging process itself. How cells cope with mitochondrial dysfunction is not fully understood. We performed complementary RNA, protein, and metabolite profiling of a cellular model of inducible mitochondrial dysfunction. In this talk I will describe these profiling results, as well as an adaptive pathway that they point to. The study provides insight into the pathogenesis of mitochondrial disorders 3.2 PTMomics – Towards Comprehensive Quantitative Analysis of Multiple PTMs from Biological Material Martin R. Larsen,1, Honggang Huang1, Cristina Alarcón2, Alistair V.G. Edwards1, Christopher Rhodes2, Giuseppe Palmisano3 1University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; 2University of Chicago, IL, USA; 3University of Sao Paulo, Brazil Post- or co-translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins refer to the reversible or irreversible addition of chemical modifying groups to proteins after or during their synthesis. Proteins have often multiple PTMs decorating the primary amino acid sequence and often these affect each other to produce a given function or activity of a protein. PTMomics can be defined as the global study of PTMs and is a relatively new research area aiming at understanding the function and consequences of PTMs of proteins in a cell. The success of PTMomics relies on the ability to efficiently purify the relevant PTMs and subsequently identify and characterize the nature and function of the PTM using for example mass spectrometric analysis. Previously, we have developed a number of successful methods for enrichment of phosphorylated peptides (1–3), sialylated N-linked glycopeptides (4, 5) and O-GLcNAcylated peptides (6) and we have combined some of these methods into strategies for simultaneous enrichment of several

  3. The effect of genetic counseling for adult offspring of patients with type 2 diabetes on attitudes toward diabetes and its heredity: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishigaki, M; Tokunaga-Nakawatase, Y; Nishida, J; Kazuma, K

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of diabetes genetic counseling on attitudes toward diabetes and its heredity in relatives of type 2 diabetes patients. This study was an unmasked, randomized controlled trial at a medical check-up center in Japan. Subjects in this study are healthy adults between 30 and 60 years of age who have a family history of type 2 diabetes in their first degree relatives. Participants in the intervention group received a brief genetic counseling session for approximately 10 min. Genetic counseling was structured based on the Health Belief Model. Both intervention and control groups received a booklet for general diabetes prevention. Risk perception and recognition of diabetes, and attitude towards its prevention were measured at baseline, 1 week and 1 year after genetic counseling. Participants who received genetic counseling showed significantly higher recognition about their sense of control over diabetes onset than control group both at 1 week and 1 year after the session. On the other hand, anxiety about diabetes did not change significantly. The findings show that genetic counseling for diabetes at a medical check center helped adults with diabetes family history understand they are able to exert control over the onset of their disease through lifestyle modification.

  4. Thinking and Practice on the Application of Group Coun-seling in Psychological Health Education Course%团体辅导在心理健康教育课程中应用的思考与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芮

    2015-01-01

    本文结合课程需要和团体辅导自身优势,提出团体辅导在心理健康教育课程中应用的可能性,并尝试从团体辅导活动选择、活动方案设计思路等方面将此付诸教学实践,将九个团体辅导活动贯穿于四部分课堂教学中,同时,对课堂教学进行效果评价,在此基础上提出讨论意见和进一步改进的策略。%Combined with curriculum needs and the advantages of group counseling, this paper proposes the possibility of applying group counseling to psychological health education course, and attempts to put it into teaching practice from the selection of group counseling activities and the design of activity schemes. The writer infiltrates nine group counseling activities into four parts of classroom teaching, and meanwhile evaluates the effect of classroom teaching, and based on this, proposes discussion sug-gestions and strategies for further improvement.

  5. Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, Anthony S.; Dai, Sheila

    Rapid changes in technology and the economy have led to major staff reductions in the workplace, and have increased the need to assist displaced employees with outplacement counseling that is responsive, cost-effective, humane, and on-going. College counselors have the basic skills to effectively expand their role in this field in ways that…

  6. COUNSELING MULTIKULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NUZLIAH

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Multicutural is a term used to describe one's view of the variety of life in the world, or cultural policy emphasizing their acceptance of diversity, and a wide range of cultures (multicultural that exist in society regarding values, system, culture, customs and politics that they profess. The effectiveness of counseling depends on many factors the most important is the relation to each other, and mutual understanding between counselor and client. Cultural differences that exist in this country requires the counselor needs to understand the different cultures that exist. Importance of multicultural for counselors as a form of consciousness that the counselor and client have cultural differences. Multicultural counseling a counseling relationship with the concept that there is a counselor with a client who has a cultural background, values and different lifestyles. Building a good relationship when the counseling process takes place so that the counselor can understand the culture of its clients one of the key attitudes that exist within konsleor is empathy. Counselors who have empathy will be able to understand the way the world through the perspective of the client.

  7. Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowdell, Richard L.; And Others

    This monographs discusses outplacement counseling (the process of helping a terminated employee secure new employment) in business and industry and in higher education. The first section, outplacement in business and industry, describes the emergence of outplacement services and discusses benefits and problems associated with the service. The…

  8. 加强失独群体心理疏导的思考%Thinking on Strengthening Psychological Counseling for the Group Which Lost Their Only Child

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯秀丽

    2015-01-01

    The number of the family which lost their only child is over a million,and the reality and future life of the group which lost the only child is full of anxiety,worry and fear while they bear the pain of loss of the child.Based on the awareness initiative action principle and modern ideological and political work principle, the psychological counseling for the group which lost the only child in the emotion,cognition and environ-ment is carried on,which is not only the proper method of solving the problem of the loss of the only child in a family,but also the practical requirements of building a harmonious society.%我国失独家庭已过百万,失独群体在承受失子之痛的同时,对现实和未来的生活充满了焦虑、担忧和恐惧。以意识能动性作用原理及现代思想政治工作的原则为理论依据,对失独群体进行情感、认知和环境等方面的疏导,既是目前解决失独问题的应有之义,也是构建和谐社会的现实要求。

  9. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more. Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  10. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more.Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  11. Positive Psychology Group Counseling for New Students of Higher Vocational Schools%积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红萍; 陆伟

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生主观幸福感的影响。方法:将50位高职新生随机分组,实验组接受为期10周、每周一次的积极心理学团体辅导,将其余学生列入等候名单,设为对照组,比较两组团体辅导前后主观幸福感有无差异,分析团体辅导中的疗效因素。结果:1)经过10周的积极心理学团体辅导后,实验组的主观幸福感各项指标均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义。2)高职新生积极心理学团体辅导中,重要的疗效因子依次为:存在意识因子、团体凝聚力、情绪宣泄。结论:积极心理学团体辅导能有效提高高职学生的主观幸福感,存在意识、团体凝聚力和情感宣泄是积极心理学团体辅导发挥积极影响的重要因素。%Objective To investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology group counseling on the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Methods:50 new students of vocational institute were randomized to Positive Psychology Group Counseling as experiment group or waiting list as control group for an 10-week observation.Index of well-being were administered to compare independently both at baseline and at the end of 10th week.The important therapeutic factor was also suryeyed.Result:1)Compared to control group,after 10-week positive psychology group counseling,index of well-being of the experiment group is significantly higher.2)The important therapeutic factors in positive psychology group counseling were existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis.Conclu sion:Positive psychology group counseling can heighten the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis play significant role in positive psychology group counseling.

  12. Post-Session Authentication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Naveed; Jensen, Christian D.

    2012-01-01

    . In this paper, we consider the case of post-session authentication, where parties authenticate each other at the end of their interactive session. This use of authentication is different from session-less authentication (e.g., in RFID) and pre-session authentication (e.g., for access control.) Post...

  13. The Group Counseling Design and Effectiveness of YiKong Skill-Based Stress Reduction%基于移空技术设计减压团体辅导方案的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏宇欣; 安莉娟; 刘雅琼; 张超凡

    2016-01-01

    According to the Chinese medical thought theory and embodied cognition theory, we designed a group counse-ling project which based on Yikong skill, and try to explore its effectiveness on stress reduction. Methods: 24 sub-jects participated in the study. Among these people, 12 subjects participated in the experimental group, others in the control groups. Group counseling was given to the experimental group once a week for 6 weeks; the control did not receive any counseling. All the subjects were tested with Chinese Perceived Stress Scale ( CPSS), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) when the group counseling was started, finished and 1 month after it was finished. Results: (1) After the group counseling, the SCL-90’s and CPSS post-test scores of experimental group were significantly lower than before, and the GSES post-test scores were significantly higher than before. Whereas there were no significant difference in scores from the control group on SCL-90、 CPSS and GSES. (2) In the tracing-test, the experiment group still had significant higher scores on these scales than before. Conclusions: As a form of intervention, this group counseling program has great positive effect on improving the subjects’ psychological physiological symptoms and their self-efficacy under the stress situation.%为检验在移空技术基础上设计而成的减压团体辅导方案的实践效果,选取24名大学生作为被试,分为实验组12名和对照组12名,对实验组进行连续6周、每周1次的团体辅导,对照组不干预。结果表明,实验组被试压力知觉和症状自评得分显著降低、自我效能得分显著提高,而对照组被试得分没有显著改变;追踪评估结果显示,团体辅导结束1个月后干预效果依然存在。由此可见,该项团辅方案可有效缓解压力所致心身症状,达到了设计预期。

  14. 医学生就业指导团体辅导活动课程的设计与实施%Design and implementation of group counseling activity curriculum for the employment of medical students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张青; 钱奕; 孙婷; 朱炜; 赖婧; 杨智男

    2016-01-01

    [目的]设计医学生就业指导团体辅导活动课程并实施。[方法]选取选修大学生就业指导课程的62名一年级和二年级学生,随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组采用团体辅导活动课程,对照组采用传统课堂讲授法,辅导前后比较两组学生的职业决策自我效能得分。[结果]辅导后,两组学生的职业决策自我效能总分均提高,试验组学生团体辅导后社会支持和应对技能得分高于对照组(P <0.05)。[结论]将团体辅导应用于高校就业指导教学中有助于提高大学生的职业决策自我效能。%Objective:To design group counseling activiey curriculum medical students’career and to implement it.Method:A total of 62 freshmen and sophomeres in the second semester of the 2014—2015 academic year have college students career guidance program were selected and randomly divided into test group and control group.Students in test group received group counseling activity curriculum.And the control group recived tradi-tional classroom lectures.Career decision making self efficacy scores were compared before and after the counselling.Results:After counseling,the two groups of students career decision making self efficacy scores were increased.After the group counseling,social support and coping skills scores of the teat group students were higher than that of the control group(P <0.05).Conclusion:To apply group counseling career guidance courses in colleges and universities can help to improve college students’career decision making self efficacy.

  15. Implications for Counseling the Unemployed in a Recessionary Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shifron, Rachel; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Addresses the implications of recessionary unemployment for the field of counseling, including family counseling, group counseling, and career education. Counseling should focus on maintaining the person's physical and psychological wellness, and teaching coping behavior to prevent temporary unemployment from becoming permanent. (JAC)

  16. Genomic counseling: next generation counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Rachel; Haga, Susanne B

    2014-08-01

    Personalized medicine continues to expand with the development and increasing use of genome-based testing. While these advances present new opportunities for diagnosis and risk assessment, they also present challenges to clinical delivery. Genetic counselors will play an important role in ushering in this new era of testing; however, it will warrant a shift from traditional genetic counseling to "genomic counseling." This shift will be marked by a move from reactive genetic testing for diagnosis of primarily single-gene diseases to proactive genome-based testing for multiple complex diseases for the purpose of disease prevention. It will also require discussion of risk information for a number of diseases, some of which may have low relative risks or weak associations, and thus, may not substantially impact clinical care. Additionally, genomic counselors will expand their roles, particularly in the area of health promotion to reduce disease risk. This additional role will require a style of counseling that is more directive than traditional counseling and require greater knowledge about risk reducing behaviors and disease screening.

  17. The efficacy of motivational counseling and SMS-reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbensen, Bente Appel; Thomsen, Tanja; Hetland, Merete L

    2015-01-01

    that SB can be reduced by behavioural interventions in healthy populations. However, it remains unexplored whether it is valid for patients with RA also. Therefore, the aim of this trial is to investigate the efficacy of an individually tailored, theory-based motivational counseling intervention...... group receiving usual care. The intervention includes: 1) individual motivational counseling (in total 3 sessions) on reduction of daily sitting time in combination with 2) individual Short Text Message Service (SMS) reminders over a 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome is change in daily...

  18. 领导风格分类对于团体辅导的启示%Implications of Different Leadership Styles for Group Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞悦; 古苑诗; 黄柔颖; 黄筑舲

    2014-01-01

    Leadership style is the explicit behavior, intention or feeling that the group members are aware of after a group leader presents himself. This article tries to arrange and describe different leadership styles and their potential relevance, relfecting the exist leadership style in a more speciifc and perfect way. In order to offer the reference about the practice of group counseling for the novice counselors, it also attempts to arrange and describe, in the axial of “warm/amiable-maintain boundaries/keep distance” and “actively/guide-respond/reaction”, the difference in the efifciency of different types of leadership style through two facets as relationship and work.%领导风格即在领导者呈现后能被成员所觉知到的外显行为、意图或感受。本文试图通过对不同类型的领导风格及其相关影响进行整理和描述,从而更具体与完整地反映出现有的领导风格类型,期待能以“关系”和“工作”两个面向作为分类的依据,在“温暖/亲和-保有界限/距离”以及“积极/引导-回应/反映”这两个轴面上整理描绘出不同类型领导风格的效能差异,作为未来新手咨询师在团体辅导实务上的参考。

  19. Patients' interpretations of a counselling intervention for low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angel, Sanne; Jensen, Lone Donbæk; Gonge, Birgitte Krøis

    2012-01-01

    persist. A Danish randomised controlled trial identified an effective counselling intervention on low back pain patients' physical function, bodily pain and sick leave. Counselling addressed experienced workplace barriers and physical activity. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to achieve...... of status interviews performed during the randomised controlled trial's intervention. ANALYSIS: Between two individual counselling sessions, all 110 participants were interviewed about their perspectives on adhering to their individual plans for reaching specific goals for adjustments at their workplace...

  20. COUNSELING MULTIKULTURAL

    OpenAIRE

    NUZLIAH

    2016-01-01

    Multicutural is a term used to describe one's view of the variety of life in the world, or cultural policy emphasizing their acceptance of diversity, and a wide range of cultures (multicultural) that exist in society regarding values, system, culture, customs and politics that they profess. The effectiveness of counseling depends on many factors the most important is the relation to each other, and mutual understanding between counselor and client. Cultural differences that exist in this coun...

  1. 团体辅导改善大学生学习投入状况的实验研究%An Experimental Research on Improving University Students'the Condition of Learning Engagement by Group Counselling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To verify that group counseling had an important effect on improving university students'the condition of learning engagement . Methods:We adopted the before -after -design -of -experimental group and the control group . Experimental group was intervened with group counseling . The effectwere assessed with learning engagement scale and students'self - e-valuation . Results:the scores of learning engagement scale has a significant difference after intervention . The subjects in the experimental group were satisfied with the progress of group counseling . Conclusion:The intervention of group counseling was found to be effective in university students'learning engagement .%目的:通过实验研究证明团体辅导在改善大学生的学习投入状况方面具有重要作用。方法:采用实验组、对照组前后测设计,对实验组实施团体辅导,采用大学生学习投入量表并结合学生自评进行评估。结果:1.在学习投入各维度上,实验组和对照组前后测差异显著;2.团体成员对学习投入团体辅导活动评价积极。结论:团体辅导对大学生学习投入的干预有效。

  2. Counseling Skills Pre-Practicum Training at Guidance and Counseling Undergraduate Programs: A Qualitative Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aladag, Mine

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to describe counseling skills pre-practicum training at guidance and counseling undergraduate programs in Turkey. A descriptive study was conducted based upon qualitative data. The research group of this study consisted of 11 guidance and counseling undergraduate programs voluntarily participate into study. The Survey Form…

  3. Trainees versus Staff: Exploring Counseling Outcomes in a College Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilagan, Guy; Vinson, Mike; Sharp, Julia L.; Havice, Pamela; Ilagan, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Investigators compared counseling outcomes among nonpaid graduate-level trainees and professional staff at a college counseling center. Counseling outcomes for 331 college student participants were measured using the Outcome Questionnaire 45.2 (OQ45.2), employing a pretest--posttest design. The two groups of service providers did not differ…

  4. 团体咨询在艺术类中职学校考前辅导中的应用%the Application of Group Counseling in Examination Guidance of Art Middle Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婕; 王妍; 陈向一

    2013-01-01

    针对艺术类中职学校学生在文化课考前的心理状态进行了家庭治疗取向的团体咨询。通过对36名应届毕业艺术类考生6周的团体咨询,采用心理测量、团体成员反馈和咨询师评估等方法表明:以促进良好学业行为、改善情绪状态和促进成员个体化为目标的团体咨询有着良好的效果。%Group counseling based family therapy orientation was conducted considering the mental state of art middle vocational student before basic cul-ture examination. Through 6 weeks group counseling for 36 art middle voca-tional student, psychological measurement, group members feedback and group instructor evaluation were conducted. The result showed the group counseling aimed to promote study behavior, improve emotional state and pro-mote group members individual was effective.

  5. A Roadmap to the Professionalization of Guidance and Counselling ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Emeka Egbochuku

    P-R-R Study Technique, Group Counselling and Gender Influence. Ohanaka, B. I. ... Oayinka (1980) defines counselling as a psychological process of helping an ... The experimental group had a treatment package consisting of a combination ...

  6. When technological affordances meet interactional norms: the value of pre-screening in online chat counseling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stommel, Wyke; Molder, te Hedwig

    2016-01-01

    We present a conversation analysis of openings sequences of online text-based chat counseling. Particular about this chat counseling is that the clients made available their help question through pre-screening. The data consisted of 40 chat sessions with pre-screening and 34 sessions without pre-scr

  7. Effectiveness of Counseling Provided by Primary Care Doctors and Nurses in Increasing Glaucoma Screening Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witold Rezner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. An effective screening that can prevent glaucoma-related blindness largely depends on successful recruitment. This study was to assess the effectiveness of one-on-one counseling carried out by primary care doctors and nurses to increase glaucoma screening rates. Material and Methods. The study, carried out in an urban primary care center, involved 308 persons aged 35–87 years who were assigned to a doctor’s, nurse’s, or control group (N=109, 110, and 89, resp.. Interventions by doctors and nurses included a brief one-on-one counseling session, while only a screening history was taken from controls. The number of people in each group with a positive screening status was assessed by telephone interview three months after the visit. Results. The percentage of persons in the nurse’s counseling group who claimed being subjected to screening was more than four times higher than in the control group (20.9% versus 4.5%, P=0.002. The doctor’s interventions resulted in almost a tripled screening rate as compared to the control group (12.8% versus 4.5%, P=0.052. There was no significant difference between screening rates in doctor’s and nurse’s groups (P= 0.212. Conclusions. In the studied population, counseling provided by nurses proved to be an efficacious method to encourage patients to undergo glaucoma screening.

  8. Incorporating Family Work into Individual Counseling: Establishing a Relationship with Families. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, David M.; Cole, Melody J.

    This digest provides an overview of basic family counseling concepts for counselors whose specialty is in an area other than marriage and family counseling. The author notes that there are two pivotal areas the counselor and client must address upon deciding to involve a family in the client's counseling sessions: how to get the family to come…

  9. Effects of Counselor Race and Counseling Approach on Asian Americans' Perceptions of Counselor Credibility and Utility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Donald R.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Two studies are described in which Asian Americans rated a counselor's performance in a simulated counseling session with an Asian American student. The counselor was rated as more credible and approachable when employing a directive counseling approach than when using a nondirective counseling approach. (Author/MFD)

  10. Multicultural education and genetic counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weil, J

    2001-03-01

    The responsibility to provide accessible, useful genetic counseling to individuals from many cultures and ethnicities arises from the increasing ethnocultural diversity of the populations served, coupled with the ethical goal of providing equal access and quality of services for all individuals. The multicultural education, training, and practice of genetic counseling involves three major components: knowledge of relevant ethnocultural groups, ethnocultural self-awareness, and an understanding of institutional and social barriers to services. Despite the diversity of ethnocultural groups served and the critical role of direct experience and training for the genetic counselor, some general guidelines for multicultural genetic counseling can be identified. These include the importance of establishing and maintaining trust, the essential need to respect the counselee's healthcare beliefs and practices, and the necessity of understanding the impact of culture on the process of decision making and on counselee responses to nondirective counseling.

  11. Post-Disaster Social Justice Group Work and Group Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemak, Fred; Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses post-disaster group counseling and group supervision using a social justice orientation for working with post-disaster survivors from underserved populations. The Disaster Cross-Cultural Counseling model is a culturally responsive group counseling model that infuses social justice into post-disaster group counseling and…

  12. Group Work: Pleasure or Pain? An Effective Guidance Activity or a Poor Substitute for One-to-One Interactions with Young People?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westergaard, Jane

    2013-01-01

    This paper defines the concept of personal learning and development (PLD) group work as a guidance activity in both career counselling and youth support practice. It introduces the FAAST model-a framework for planning, preparing and delivering PLD group sessions (Westergaard in Effective group work with young people. Open University, Maidenhead,…

  13. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-01-01

    Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited wi...

  14. Paradoxical Interventions and the Counseling Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Douglas N.; Johnson, Mark E.

    1995-01-01

    Used analogue format to compare relative effects of two paradoxical interventions (symptom scheduling and negative consequences of change), a relaxation directive, and a session summary condition on clients' perceptions of a mental health counselor, counseling expectations, and attributions. Results indicated differential effects on perceptions of…

  15. 团体辅导在高校学生工作中的运用%Application of Group Counseling in Handling Student Af-fairs in Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭翀

    2013-01-01

      团体辅导不仅是一门以心理学为基础的理论,也是一种助人技术。本文以武汉商业服务学院的一次团体辅导为例,探讨将这一技术运用在大学生工作中的可行性及优越性。%Group counseling is not only a kind of specific psycho-logical theory but also a type of technology. This paper takes one certain group counseling held in Wuhan Commercial Service College for example to analyses the feasibility and superiority of its entrance to student affairs as a new model in the new times.

  16. 团体辅导在高校心理健康教育中的运用%On the Application of Group Counseling in College Psy- chological Health Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜于乐娇

    2016-01-01

    Based on the existing research results and starting from practical observations, this paper specifically discusses the ap-plication of group counseling in college psychological health edu-cation, and makes a preliminary exploration on the function of group counseling in helping solve college students' psychological health problems and its application, hoping to provide some ref-erence for college counselors' work.%本文综合已有的研究成果,以实际观察出发,具体讨论团体辅导在大学生心理健康教育的运用,并对团体辅导在帮助解决大学生心理健康问题的功能以及运用进行初步探讨,希望对高校辅导员开展工作具有一定的借鉴意义.

  17. Exploration on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling to Class Construction for Freshmen%团体心理辅导在大学新生班级建设中的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the use of group psychological counseling is conducive to the improvement of university student management, as it can promote class management for freshmen and provide a good learning atmosphere for them. Based on the status quo of class construction for freshmen, this paper analyzes the measures to apply group psychological counseling to class management for freshmen.%当前,利用团体心理辅导做好大学生新生班级建设工作,给大学新生创造良好的学习氛围,有利于高校学生管理水平的提升。文章立足于大学新生班级建设现状,主要分析了“团体心理辅导在大学新生班级建设中的应用措施”。

  18. Integrating group counseling, cell phone messaging, and participant-generated songs and dramas into a microcredit program increases Nigerian women's adherence to international breastfeeding recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flax, Valerie L; Negerie, Mekebeb; Ibrahim, Alawiyatu Usman; Leatherman, Sheila; Daza, Eric J; Bentley, Margaret E

    2014-07-01

    In northern Nigeria, interventions are urgently needed to narrow the large gap between international breastfeeding recommendations and actual breastfeeding practices. Studies of integrated microcredit and community health interventions documented success in modifying health behaviors but typically had uncontrolled designs. We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Bauchi State, Nigeria, with the aim of increasing early breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding among female microcredit clients. The intervention had 3 components. Trained credit officers led monthly breastfeeding learning sessions during regularly scheduled microcredit meetings for 10 mo. Text and voice messages were sent out weekly to a cell phone provided to small groups of microcredit clients (5-7 women). The small groups prepared songs or dramas about the messages and presented them at the monthly microcredit meetings. The control arm continued with the regular microcredit program. Randomization occurred at the level of the monthly meeting groups. Pregnant clients were recruited at baseline and interviewed again when their infants were aged ≥6 mo. Logistic regression models accounting for clustering were used to estimate the odds of performing recommended behaviors. Among the clients who completed the final survey (n = 390), the odds of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 mo (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.4, 4.0) and timely breastfeeding initiation (OR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.6, 4.1) were increased in the intervention vs. control arm. Delayed introduction of water explained most of the increase in exclusive breastfeeding among clients receiving the intervention. In conclusion, a breastfeeding promotion intervention integrated into microcredit increased the likelihood that women adopted recommended breastfeeding practices. This intervention could be scaled up in Nigeria, where local organizations provide microcredit to >500,000 clients. Furthermore, the intervention could be adopted more widely

  19. A randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of motivational counseling with observed therapy for antiretroviral therapy adherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goggin, Kathy; Gerkovich, Mary M; Williams, Karen B; Banderas, Julie W; Catley, Delwyn; Berkley-Patton, Jannette; Wagner, Glenn J; Stanford, James; Neville, Sally; Kumar, Vinutha K; Bamberger, David M; Clough, Lisa A

    2013-07-01

    This study determined whether motivational interviewing-based cognitive behavioral therapy (MI-CBT) adherence counseling combined with modified directly observed therapy (MI-CBT/mDOT) is more effective than MI-CBT counseling alone or standard care (SC) in increasing adherence over time. A three-armed randomized controlled 48-week trial with continuous electronic drug monitored adherence was conducted by randomly assigning 204 HIV-positive participants to either 10 sessions of MI-CBT counseling with mDOT for 24 weeks, 10 sessions of MI-CBT counseling alone, or SC. Poisson mixed effects regression models revealed significant interaction effects of intervention over time on non-adherence defined as percent of doses not-taken (IRR = 1.011, CI = 1.000-1.018) and percent of doses not-taken on time (IRR = 1.006, CI = 1.001-1.011) in the 30 days preceding each assessment. There were no significant differences between groups, but trends were observed for the MI-CBT/mDOT group to have greater 12 week on-time and worse 48 week adherence than the SC group. Findings of modest to null impact on adherence despite intensive interventions highlights the need for more effective interventions to maintain high adherence over time.

  20. Towards Reversible Sessions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Tiezzi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we incorporate reversibility into structured communication-based programming, to allow parties of a session to automatically undo, in a rollback fashion, the effect of previously executed interactions. This permits taking different computation paths along the same session, as well as reverting the whole session and starting a new one. Our aim is to define a theoretical basis for examining the interplay in concurrent systems between reversible computation and session-based interaction. We thus enrich a session-based variant of pi-calculus with memory devices, dedicated to keep track of the computation history of sessions in order to reverse it. We discuss our initial investigation concerning the definition of a session type discipline for the proposed reversible calculus, and its practical advantages for static verification of safe composition in communication-centric distributed software performing reversible computations.

  1. Study on Group Counseling for High School Students to Establish Good Interpersonal Relationships%团体辅导对高中生建立良好人际关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕妍; 马跃; 李雪飞

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to help high school students to establish good relationships and improve the ability to adapt to the new life through the experimental study of a group counseling.Qitaihe City High School first year classes were randomly selected,group counseling,compared before and after group counseling measuring interpersonal scale,the Social Anxiety Scale and the UCLA loneliness scale analysis of the amount obtained was tried The post-test scores were lower than pretest scores,and the difference was significant.Therefore concluded that group counseling has a good role in the establishment of good relationships,resolve psychological problems,and improve the psychological quality.%本文旨在通过一项团体辅导的实验研究,帮助高中生建立良好的人际关系和提高适应新生活的能力。随机选取七台河市高中高一年级一个班学生,对其进行团体辅导,对比团体辅导前后测人际关系量表、社交焦虑量表和UCLA孤独感量表进行量的分析,得出被试的后测得分均低于前测分数,并且差异显著。因此得出结论,团体辅导在建立良好的人际关系、解决心理问题、提高心理素质等方面有良好促进作用。

  2. 建构主义视域下团体辅导在高职学生思想教育中的应用%Group Counseling in Ideological Education of Vocational College Students from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉梅

    2014-01-01

    the constructivism theories of learning and teaching research based on the probe into group counseling of students’ ideological and political education in higher vocational .%以建构主义学习观与教学观的理论研究为依据,探讨团体心理辅导在高职学生思想政治教育中的应用与作用。

  3. An Empirical Study of Group Counseling to Improve Time Management Disposition of Vocational College Students%团体心理辅导改善高职学生时间管理倾向的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    种明慧

    2016-01-01

    The effects of group psychological counseling on vocational college students” time management disposition are studied through experiment. 10 objectives from one vocational college were conducted both pretest and post-test by using Time Management Disposition Scale, the data were processedthen. The results showed group psychological counseling had positive effects on vocational students” time management disposition interventions. Group psychological counseling of time management serves as an effective way to improve the students” time management disposition, which can guide them in their self -management and growth.%通过实验研究探讨团体心理辅导技术改善高职学生时间管理倾向的效果。被试是10名某大专在校学生,采用时间管理倾向量表实施前后测测试,进行数据处理。研究结果表明,团体心理辅导对高职学生时间管理倾向干预有效。时间管理团体辅导是提高高职学生时间管理能力的一种有效途径,能够指导高职学生的自我管理和成长。

  4. The Role of Behavioral Counseling in STD Prevention Program Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookmeyer, Kathryn A.; Hogben, Matthew; Kinsey, Jennine

    2015-01-01

    Background Behavioral counseling for STD prevention is recommended for persons at risk, and the body of evidence yields numerous interventions that have STD preventive efficacy. What is needed is a review of the subset of these interventions that could be feasible in clinical settings, especially settings in STD prevention programs. Methods We reviewed existing systematic reviews of the literature and abstracted from them studies that fit the following criteria in that the interventions: (1) used no more than 60 minutes contact time in 1 to 2 sessions, (2) were individual-level and face to face, (3) took place in a clinical setting, (4) had STD outcomes available, (5) were based in the United States, (6) were peer-reviewed, and (7) had a control group. Results From 6 reviews (published 2006 – 2014) covering 91 studies, we found 13 analyses representing 11 intervention studies that fit the selection criteria. Of these 13, 5 returned lower STD rates in the intervention group at follow-up; one study reported a higher rate of STD in one subset of the intervention group (men who have sex with men: MSM). Studies with effects on STD at follow-up were quite similar to studies across populations, settings and follow-up periods, although successful interventions were more likely to demonstrate behavioral effects as well (5 of 5 versus 2 of 5 among 10 interventions measuring behavior change). Conclusions Counseling is likely to benefit some STD clinic attendees, although unlikely to benefit MSM. The balance of costs and benefits of implementing behavioral counseling in STD programs is unclear, but feasibility would be improved if behavioral counseling were implemented in the context of other prevention efforts. Because populations outside typical STD clinic settings could also benefit, programs may exercise a valuable role through partnerships. PMID:26779681

  5. The Effect of Group Psychological Counseling on Improving College Students'Interpersonal Relationship%团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月琴; 李海燕

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果。方法以校园广播、网络、海报等形式招募团体成员,采用人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表筛选出24名学生,配对分为实验组和对照组各12人,对实验组进行为期6周,每周1次,每次2小时的团体心理辅导。在团体心理辅导结束后,对实验组和对照组进行后测。结果前测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表上均无显著差异;后测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表上存在显著差异(t=-2.99,P<0.01),人际信任量表上不存在显著差异;组内比较,实验组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均存在显著差异(t=6.97,P<0.001;t=-3.28,P<0.01),而对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均不存在显著差异。结论团体心理辅导是改善大学生人际关系的有效方式。%Objective To study the effect of group psychological counseling on improving college students 'interpersonal relationship . Methods Through campus radio ,internet and posters with interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic scale and interpersonal trust scale ,a total of 24 college students were selected and divided into experimental group and control group ,the experimental group was carried out , 2 hours each time of group counseling for 6 weeks,once a week.At the end of the group psychological counseling ,the experimental group and control group were tested .Results Before the group psychological counseling ,there were no significant difference on interpersonal relationship and interpersonal trust between two groups;After the group psychological counseling ,there was significant difference in inter-personal relationship between the experimental group and the control group (t =2.99,P<0.01),but no

  6. Counseling Psychology and Professional School Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Mark

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a historical, political, and organizational analysis regarding counseling psychology's involvement in professional school counseling. Issues discussed include collaboration, curriculum and training, and professional identity, as well as the commonalities that bind counselor education/professional school counseling and…

  7. Factors for Personal Counseling among Counseling Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, J. Stephen; Shufelt, Brett

    2014-01-01

    The present study explored the use of counseling among counselor trainees and the characteristics of consumers and nonconsumers. Approximately 61% of those surveyed (n = 85) reported that they had received counseling, with the majority being mental health counseling trainees. Nonconsumers (n = 54) indicated that they coped with problems in other…

  8. Music and Social Hierarchy in Contemporary China-A Comparison of Beijing Opera Amateur Sessions and Rock Groups “Parties”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Catherine Capdeville

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses two forms of musical events in contemporary China: the ses-sions during which Beijing opera amateurs get together , and the “parties” which are organized by rock musicians .Through a comparative analysis of the structure of the two apparently different forms of musical events , the author notes that both events are more than just musical and artistic events in that they both share some of the qualities of being “rituals” in the anthropological sense.The author states that the action of “positioning”, i.e.the way in which participants find their place within the musical series , and “outsider integration”, i.e.the way strangers or outsiders are integrated into the musical event , are deeply linked as complementary parts of the structure that organizes the expression of the social relationships between the participants .This is a relationship that is inclusive , yet at the same time situates everyone within a hierarchy of posi-tions.

  9. 绘画艺术介入高职院校团体心理辅导初探%Painting Involvement into the Group Mental Counseling in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鑫

    2015-01-01

    高职教育是高等教育的重要组成部分,它的快速崛起满足了素质教育发展的需要。高职院校规模的日益扩大使得学生心理问题增多,许多高职院校都开设了心理健康课程和通过开展心理咨询来解决学生的心理问题。团体心理辅导作为一种有效的预防和解决学生心理问题的方式,近年来在高职院校中应用的越来越为广泛。如何能够拓宽团体心理辅导的途径,选取更加有效管用的方式?笔者认为,可将绘画艺术疗法应用于团体心理辅导之中。%Vocational education is an important part of higher education and its rapid development meet the needs of quality ed-ucation.Increasing size of vocational colleges has caused the increasing psychological problems among students.Many higher vocational colleges have set up mental health courses and conducted mental health counseling to solve the students'psychological problems.As an effective prevention and method to solve psychological problems of students,Group counseling has found its application more and more widely in higher vocational colleges in recent years.How can widen the channels of group counseling and select a more effective way useful?The author believe that painting arts therapy can be applied to group counseling.

  10. [The emphases and basic procedures of genetic counseling in psychotherapeutic model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuan-Zhi; Zhong, Nanbert

    2006-11-01

    The emphases and basic procedures of genetic counseling are all different with those in old models. In the psychotherapeutic model, genetic counseling will not only focus on counselees' genetic disorders and birth defects, but also their psychological problems. "Client-centered therapy" termed by Carl Rogers plays an important role in genetic counseling process. The basic procedures of psychotherapeutic model of genetic counseling include 7 steps: initial contact, introduction, agendas, inquiry of family history, presenting information, closing the session and follow-up.

  11. Effects of Group Psychotherapy, Individual Counseling, Methylphenidate, and Placebo in the Treatment of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philipsen, Alexandra; Jans, Thomas; Graf, Erika; Matthies, Swantje; Borel, Patricia; Colla, Michael; Gentschow, Laura; Langner, Daina; Jacob, Christian; Groß-Lesch, Silke; Sobanski, Esther; Alm, Barbara; Schumacher-Stien, Martina; Roesler, Michael; Retz, Wolfgang; Retz-Junginger, Petra; Kis, Bernhard; Abdel-Hamid, Mona; Heinrich, Viola; Huss, Michael; Kornmann, Catherine; Bürger, Arne; Perlov, Evgeniy; Ihorst, Gabriele; Schlander, Michael; Berger, Mathias; Tebartz van Elst, Ludger

    2015-12-01

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with high prevalence in adulthood. There is a recognized need to assess the efficacy of psychotherapy in adult ADHD. To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive behavioral group psychotherapy (GPT) compared with individual clinical management (CM) and that of methylphenidate hydrochloride compared with placebo. Prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial of 18- to 58-year-old outpatients with ADHD from 7 German study centers. Patients were recruited between January 2007 and August 2010, treatment was finalized in August 2011, and final follow-up assessments occurred in March 2013. Sessions of GPT and CM were held weekly for the first 12 weeks and monthly thereafter (9 months). Patients received either methylphenidate or placebo for 1 year. The primary outcome was the change in the ADHD Index of the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale from baseline to the end of the 3-month intensive treatment (blinded observer ratings). Secondary outcomes included ADHD ratings after 1 year, blinded observer ratings using the Clinical Global Impression Scale, and self-ratings of depression. Among 1480 prescreened patients, 518 were assessed for eligibility, 433 were centrally randomized, and 419 were analyzed as randomized. After 3 months, the ADHD Index all-group baseline mean of 20.6 improved to adjusted means of 17.6 for GPT and 16.5 for CM, with no significant difference between groups. Methylphenidate (adjusted mean, 16.2) was superior to placebo (adjusted mean, 17.9) (difference, -1.7; 97.5% CI, -3.0 to -0.4; P = .003). After 1 year, treatment effects remained essentially stable. Descriptive analyses showed that methylphenidate was superior to placebo in patients assigned to GPT (difference, -1.7; 95% CI, -3.2 to -0.1; P = .04) or CM (difference, -1.7; 95% CI, -3.3 to -0.2; P = .03). Regarding depression, no significant differences were found. In contrast, GPT was superior to CM for all

  12. Working with Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Joan, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes nine Canadian programs for counseling groups of students. Topics include introducing computer-assisted guidance, future challenges for counselors, sociometry, sexuality, parent counseling, reluctant students, shyness, peer groups, education for living, and guidance advisory committees. (JAC)

  13. Higher vocational peer psychological counselors group counseling skills training strategy research%高职朋辈心理辅导员团体心理咨询技能培养的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高庆春; 李东

    2012-01-01

    the peer counseling in higher vocational colleges has become the psychological health education process indispensable important form. Strengthen the peer psychological counselor training and guidance, and explore, effective ways, improve its operation skills, exert the function of group psychological counseling, and has important significance.%朋辈心理辅导已成为高职院校心理健康教育过程中不可或缺的重要形式。加强朋辈心理辅导员的培训与指导,探索有效途径,提高其操作技能。发挥团体心理咨询的功能,具有重要意义。

  14. Team Exploratory Testing Sessions

    OpenAIRE

    Soili Saukkoriipi; Ilkka Tervonen

    2012-01-01

    Exploratory testing (ET) is popular, especially among agile development teams. In this paper, we study the team aspect in the ET context and explore how to use ET in team sessions to complement other testing activities. The goal was to define a team exploratory testing (TET) session approach and to provide evidence that the approach is worth using. A TET session approach is defined by means of parameters, roles, and process. Also, instructions for using the approach are given. The team is the...

  15. The Choreography of Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Sterling K.; Purkey, William W.

    1997-01-01

    Compares counseling to the choreography of dance. Reviews other counseling structures, such as the scientific process, and then introduces the "choreography of counseling." Claims that counseling, as in a dance performance, involves an introduction, exploration, exposition, and resolution. Offers principles and techniques for success in each of…

  16. The effectiveness of using standardized patients to improve community physician skills in mammography counseling and clinical breast exam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costanza, M E; Luckmann, R; Quirk, M E; Clemow, L; White, M J; Stoddard, A M

    1999-10-01

    Traditional didactic continuing education is relatively ineffective in improving physicians' clinical skills. We hypothesized that a centralized course including small group workshops utilizing standardized patients could improve clinical skills for a reasonable cost. We designed a 5-h course aimed at improving physicians' counseling skills (re: screening mammography) and clinical breast exam (CBE) skills. The course included lectures, demonstrations, and small group skills sessions utilizing standardized patients and was offered to 156 typical community-based primary care physicians. Pre- and postcourse evaluation included in-office assessments of physician CBE and counseling performance by standardized patients and a written test of knowledge and attitudes. A total of 54.5% of eligible physicians participated. They improved modestly in only one of three areas of counseling skills measured (providing counseling appropriate to the patient's readiness to accept mammography, P = 0.01). The overall CBE score increased substantially from 24.8 to 34.7 (P < 0.0001). Knowledge in all areas measured and confidence in counseling patients also increased. The basic course cost $202 per physician trained. Most community-based primary care physicians may find small group training and in-office evaluation involving standardized patients acceptable. Such training may be more effective in improving physical exam skills than complex communication skills.

  17. The Effectiveness of Counseling in Reducing Anxiety Among Nulliparous Pregnant Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Parsa

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women.Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each. The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger’s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The experimental group participated in four weekly sessions of group counseling about mother-infant attachment behaviors. Whereas, the control group only receive routine cares. Two groups were compared in terms of anxiety before and after the study.Results: Before the intervention, no significant difference in anxiety level was observed between the two groups; however, state and trait anxiety levels of pregnant women in the experimental group significantly decreased after the intervention (p < 0.001. There was also significant difference in the mean score of state and trait anxiety levels between the two groups after the intervention (p < 0.001.Conclusion: The results showed the effectiveness of prenatal counseling in reducing state and trait anxiety levels of pregnant women. 

  18. Client Good Moments: An Intensive Analysis of a Single Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stalikas, Anastassios; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn

    1995-01-01

    An intensive analysis of a single counseling session conducted by Fritz Perls was carried out to examine relationships among client experiencing level, client strength of feeling, counselor interventions, and client good moments. The possibility that positive therapeutic outcome is related to the accretion of good moments is discussed. (JBJ)

  19. Effect of screening and lifestyle counselling on incidence of ischaemic heart disease in general population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Torben; Jacobsen, Rikke Kart; Toft, Ulla

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of systematic screening for risk factors for ischaemic heart disease followed by repeated lifestyle counselling on the 10 year development of ischaemic heart disease at a population level. DESIGN: Randomised controlled community based trial. SETTING: Suburbs...... times over a five year period. All participants with an unhealthy lifestyle had individually tailored lifestyle counselling at all visits (at baseline and after one and three years); those at high risk of ischaemic heart disease, according to predefined criteria, were furthermore offered six sessions...... OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was incidence of ischaemic heart disease in the intervention group compared with the control group. Secondary outcome measures were stroke, combined events (ischaemic heart disease, stroke, or both), and mortality. RESULTS: 6091 (52.4%) people...

  20. 完善团体心理辅导在大学生思想政治教育中的功能%Improvement of group psychological counseling function in ideological and political education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于虹

    2014-01-01

    所谓团体心理辅导,是由辅导教师根据学生在成长过程中不可避免的困惑或问题,以团体动力的理论和团体心理辅导的技术为基础,依据学生的发展特点和心理成长的规律,通过开展丰富有趣的、富有教育的活动,解决和应付学生的心理困惑或问题,培养学生良好的心理素质,提高其心理机能,充分发挥其心理潜能,进而促进学生个体素质的提高和个体发展的心理辅导活动。随着高校新生数量的不断增加,及其教育背景、家庭情况的复杂化,会有越来越多的学生需要及时的心理辅导,因此拓宽心理辅导的受益面,对促进大学生心理健康教育,以及加强大学生思想政治教育有着非常重要的作用。%The so-called group psychological counseling, is by the teacher according to the students is inevitable in the process of growing up or confusions, to group dynamics theory and group counseling technology as the foundation, according to the student's development characteristics and psychological development law, through the development of rich interesting, educational activities, and deal with the students mental confusion or problems, to cultivate students' good psychological quality, improve their psychological functions, give full play to their psychological potential, psychological counseling activities and promote the improvement of students' individual quality and individual development. With the increasing number of college students, complicated and education background, family situation, there will be more and more students need timely psychological counseling, benefit from the surface thereby broaden psychological counseling, to promote the mental health education of college students, and to strengthen the ideological and political education of university students plays a very important role.

  1. The Public Poster Session

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine-Rasky, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    This note describes the use of a student poster session as an innovative approach to student learning. The local context for the assignment is provided, followed by a description of the course for which the poster was prepared, details about the assignment including its evaluation, and practical considerations for planning a poster session. The…

  2. OLYMPICS IN TWO SESSIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The counting-down clock is ticking:Beijing Olympic Games are just 4 months away.When China's "Two Sessions',the top political sessions,held in the national capital this spring,this heated topic has been inevitably stamped with the remarks among the CPPCC members and NPC deputies.

  3. An Experimental Study on Group Counseling for Improving Pupils'Social Skills%团体咨询改善小学生社会技能的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟红; 陈利君

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To improve pupils' social skills by group counseling. Methods: A total of 41 pupils (including 23 boys and 18 girls) in some class in Grade four in Liuyang Primary School were selected . By using pre-test and post-test experiment design , 12 group counsels were made. The effects is valuedby social skills rating table on popularity and acceptance. Results: hi popularity, scores after group counseling in popular group, rejected group, low accepted group and the girls are significantly higher than the before. Groups consulting effects of rjeeted group student is better than popular group's, In acceptance, Groups consulting effects of low accepted group is better than high accepted groups; In popularity, Groups consulting effects of girls is better than boys. Conclusion: The group counseling is effective on improving children's social skills; Take the class group counseling way, effect on interpersonal poor students and girls fared is more obvious.%目的:通过实验研究表明团体咨询对改善小学生社会技能方面有重要作用.方法:某小学四年级一个班作为实验组,共41人(其中男生23人,女生18人).采用前后测设计.对实验组进行十二次团体心理咨询,采用社会技能等级评定表进行前后测,以前后测结果的对照及受欢迎程度的改变值和喜欢他人程度的改变值作为效果指标.结果:在受欢迎程度上,前后测得分在受欢迎组、被拒绝组、低接纳组和女生中差异显著,被拒绝组学生团体咨询效果要优于受欢迎组的;在喜欢他人程度的改变上,低接纳组学生的团体咨询效果要优于高接纳组的;在受欢迎程度的改变上,女生的团体咨询效果要优于男生.结论:团体心理咨询对小学生社会技能的干预有效;采取班级团体心理咨询的方式,团体咨询的效果在人际关系不良的学生及女生中表现得更为明显.

  4. Dance - oriented Group Counseling Intervention on Social Anxiety in College Students%舞动心理团体辅导对大学生社交焦虑的干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永慧

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the effect influenced by means of psychological dance - oriented group counseling intervention on college students under social anxiety .Methods :15 students who had social anxiety in a shanghai col‐lege as the experimental group ,other 15 students who had social anxiety as a reference group ,psychological dance -oriented group counseling intervention were taken on experimental group ,no intervention on reference group .Using Interaction Anxiousness Scale questionnaire (IAS )and the Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale questionnaire (SES )to measure the score of experimental group and reference groups before and after implementing psychological dance -oriented group counseling intervention .Then using paired T test to verify the difference between previous test score and post test score .Results :The previous test score both of IAS (P > 0 .05)and SES(P > 0 .05)showed no significant difference between experimental group and reference group ,after implementing five - week psychological dance - ori‐ented group counseling intervention ,the post test score of IAS (t = ‐2 .412 ,P 0 .05)had no significant difference between experimental group and reference group .Conclusion :The psychological dance - oriented group counseling intervention has a significant positive intervention effect for social anxiety ,not for self - esteem .%目的:探讨以舞动心理为主的团体辅导对大学生社交焦虑的干预效果。方法:以上海某高校15名社交焦虑的大学生为舞动心理团体辅导组(实验组),15名同质学生作为对照组,对其社交焦虑进行舞动心理团体辅导干预。在实施舞动心理团体辅导前后采用社交焦虑量表(IAS),自尊量表(SES)进行测量并进行配对 t 检验。结果:在舞动心理团体辅导干预前,实验组与对照组量表得分对比显示,在社交焦虑量表维度上,实验组与对照组相比没有任何显著差异(P >0.05);在自尊

  5. 团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响%Group Counseling for Improving Academic Help-seeking of Learning Disability Students in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2012-01-01

    目的:探索团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响.方法:从长沙市两所中学分别选取24名和20名学业不良学生,随机分成实验组和对照组.采用实验组控制组前后测实验设计,使用学业求助态度问卷和学业求助行为问卷进行测量.结果:团体心理辅导后实验组学生的学业求助态度(P<0.001)和学业求助行为(p<0.001)有明显改善.结论:团体心理辅导能够改善学业不良初中生的学业求助态度和学业求助行为.%Objective: To explore whether group counseling could improve academic help-seeking of students with learning disability in junior high school. Methods: This study selected two middle schools in Changsha City. 24 learning disability students were selected from the first school and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n= 12); 20 learning disability students were selected from another school and also were randomly divided into experimental group and control group (n=10). The experimental design was pre-test and post-test in the research, and the Academic Help-seeking Attitude Questionnaire and Academic Help-seeking Behavior Questionnaire were used for psychological measurement tools. Results: ①Group counseling could improve the benefits of help-seeking(P<0.001), and il could reduce the cost of help-seeking (P<0.001). ②Croup counseling did not improve the executive help-seeking and avoidance of help-seeking, but the instrumental help-seeking of the two experimental groups had significantly improved (P<0.001). Conclusion: Group counseling could improve learning disability students' academic help-seeking attitude and academic help-seeking behavior.

  6. The Long and Short of Genetic Counseling Summary Letters: A Case-control Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roggenbuck, J; Temme, R; Pond, D; Baker, J; Jarvis, K; Liu, M; Dugan, S; Mendelsohn, N J

    2015-08-01

    Genetic counseling summary letters are intended to reinforce information received during genetic counseling, but little information is available on patient/family responses to these letters. We conducted a case-control study to assess the effectiveness of two different letter formats. Parents of children receiving a new diagnosis were enrolled. The control group (n = 85) received a genetic counseling summary letter in a narrative format, 4-5 pages in length. After the control enrollment period, genetic counselors were trained by a professional medical writer to develop a concise letter format. The case group (n = 64) received a concise letter, approximately 1.5 pages in length, utilizing simple sentences, lay terms, and lists/bullet points. Parents completed a survey 4 weeks after the visit to rate the letter's format, usefulness, and their emotional reaction. Results show that parents in the case group rated the letter more highly (p = 0.023), particularly in the emotional response dimension (rating changes in anxiety, depression, fear, ability to cope, and confidence in response to the letter). Parents in the case group also rated the genetic counseling session more highly (p = 0.039). In the control group, parents without a college degree were more likely to rate the letter as too long and the level of medical detail as too high. In the case group, no significant differences were seen between parents with or without a college degree. These data suggest that a short genetic counseling summary letter is rated higher by parents, and is particularly associated with a more positive emotional reaction. A short letter format highlighting the basic facts related to the genetic condition may be more useful to parents of diverse educational backgrounds, and may support a positive emotional adaptation at the time of a new diagnosis. Genetic counselors may benefit from specific instruction in medical and educational writing.

  7. 20th Session of the East, Central and South-East Europe Division of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names; Working Group on Toponymic Data Files and Gazetteers; EuroGeographics – EuroGeoNames Workshop, Zagreb, February 9–11, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Hećimović

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conferences on geographical name standardization were organized by the State Geodetic Administration and held in Zagreb from February 9 to 11, 2011: 20th Session of the East Central and South-East Europe Division of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (ECSEED of UNGEGN, Working Group on Toponymic Data Files and Gazetteers (WG TDFG and EuroGeoGraphics – EuroGeoNames Workshop (EGN.

  8. 团辅式教学法在高校思想政治课中的应用研究%Applied Research on Group Counseling for College Ideological and Political Education Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万晶晶; 祝意

    2012-01-01

    In order to improve the reliability of research results, we chose a quasi - experimental design to rest group counseling teaching effectiveness of teaching methods. In the actual teaching situation, several classes were randomly selected. These classes were set for experimental group and control group and matched group. At the same time, we used qualitative research methods to test the experimental results. The results showed that the group counseling teaching methods can significantly improve students' learning motivation.%为了考察团体辅导式教学方法在高校思政课程中的教学效果,采用准实验设计的方法,通过实验组和对照组使用不同的教学方法,在干预前后进行了施测。结果发现:团体辅导的教学法能有效提高大学生的思政课学习动机,收到了较好的教学效果。与传统教学方法而言,团体辅导式教学主要提高了学生的内部学习动机而降低了外部学习动机。

  9. 团体心理辅导对大学生社交恐惧症状的影响%Effects of Group Psychological Counseling on the Social Phobia Symptoms of the College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺斌

    2015-01-01

    为通过团体心理辅导活动改善大学生的社交恐惧症状,本人对漯河医专36名大学生进行了8次系列团体辅导,在辅导前后利用青少年生活事件量表、社会支持评定量表、抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表、社交回避及苦恼量表和自尊量表对实验组和控制组进行前测和后测,并对两组的得分差异进行显著性检验。研究发现,团体辅导前实验组与控制组成员在社会支持评定得分、社会回避与痛苦、抑郁自评和自尊得分等方面显著性高于控制组,实验组在实验前后在社会回避及苦恼量表上的得分差异具有显著的统计学意义(P <0.01);团体心理辅导后实验组和控制组被调查者在上述量表上的得分差异均不具有统计学意义。这就意味着团体辅导可以有效改善大学生的社交恐惧状况,有利于其心理健康水平的提升。%In order to lower the social phobia level of the college students through group psychological counseling, thirty - six college students in Luohe Medical College were psychologically counseled in groups for eight times by us. Then the ASLEC,SSRS,SDS,SAS,SAD and SES were used to test the experimental group and the control group before and after the test. What’s more,the significance testing was carried out on the difference in scores of the two groups. The study found before the group psychological counseling,the scores of the experimental group are signifi-cantly higher than the control group on the aspects of social supporting rating,social avoidance and distress and self- rating depression as well as self - esteem;the difference on the scores of the social avoidance and distress scale of the experimental group is also of significant statistical significance before and after the test;after group psychological counseling,the scores of the informants in both the experimental group and the control group are not of significant statistical significance

  10. Ayurvedic versus conventional dietary and lifestyle counseling for mothers with burnout-syndrome: A randomized controlled pilot study including a qualitative evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Christian S; Eisenmann, Clemens; Oberzaucher, Frank; Forster, Martin; Steckhan, Nico; Meier, Larissa; Stapelfeldt, Elmar; Michalsen, Andreas; Jeitler, Michael

    2017-10-01

    Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months. It also included a qualitative evaluation of the communication processes. We randomized thirty four patients; twenty three participants were included in the per protocol analysis. No significant differences were observed between the groups. However, significant and clinically relevant intra-group mean changes for the primary outcome burnout, and secondary outcomes sleep, stress, depression and mental health were only found in the Ayurveda group. The qualitative part of the study identified different conversational styles and counseling techniques between the two study groups. In conventional consultations questions tended to be category bound, while counseling-advice was predominantly admonitory. The Ayurvedic practitioner used open-ended interrogative forms, devices for displaying understanding, and positive re-evaluation more frequently, leading to an overall less asymmetrical interaction. We found positive effects for both groups, which however were more pronounced in the Ayurvedic group. The conversational and counseling techniques in the Ayurvedic group offered more opportunities for problem description by patients as well as patient-centered practice and resource-oriented recommendations by the physician. NCT01797887. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. 班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系的应用研究%Research on the Application of Class Group Counseling to Improve the Interpersonal Relationship of Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭敏慧; 邓剑虹; 原兰兰

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the influence of class group counseling on interpersonal communication of vo⁃cational college students, the research selected the sophomores from two different classes in the same major as the research random samples, of which one was enrolled as the experimental group to receive the class group counseling on interpersonal communication six times, the other as the control group without any intervention. The experimental group showed significant differences on College Students ’Interpersonal Comprehensive Diag⁃nostic Scale and Social Avoidance and Distress Scale after the measurement(p<0.05,p<0.001), while the con⁃trol group had no change;The experimental group and control group showed no significant differences before the measurement, but there were significant differences after the measurement(p<0.05,p<0.001). The experimental group presented more satisfaction on group effect. Therefore, the research gets the conclusion that class group counseling can improve the interpersonal communication of college students.%目的:探讨班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系的效果。方法:随机抽取某校大二年级同专业两个班学生,其中一个班作为实验组参加6次人际关系团体心理辅导,另一班作为对照组不做任何干预。采用前后测量表评估法和主观评估法检验班级团体辅导效果。结果:实验组在大学生人际关系综合诊断量表(CSICD)和社交回避与苦恼量表(SAD)的前后测比较中,均表现出显著差异(p<0.05,p<0.001),对照组无显著差异;在两量表前测中实验组与对照组均无显著差异,后测中均表现出显著差异(p<0.05,p<0.001)。实验组对团体效果满意度呈现上升趋势。结论:班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系具有促进作用。

  12. 团体心理辅导在强戒人员康复期作用的反思%Reflections on the Role of Group Psychological Counseling in the Convalescence of Drug Addicts under Compulsory ;Rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周薇

    2015-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种非常重要的心理健康教育形式。在强制隔离戒毒场所开展戒毒人员团体心理辅导可以有效地提高戒毒人员的心理健康水平,使得心理健康教育工作开展得更加全面、高效和深入。团体心理辅导在戒毒人员心理康复工作中也越来越受到重视。文章从团体辅导实施、经验总结和建议三方面反思了我国戒毒人员团体心理辅导过程中的情况,为以后强制戒毒心瘾戒断工作的开展提供参考。%Group psychological counseling, as a very important form of psychological health education, can effectively improve the psychological health of drug addicts under compulsory reha-bilitation, which contributes to the more comprehensive, effective and further implementation of psychological health education. So group psychological counseling has received more and more at-tention in the psychological rehabilitation of drug addicts under compulsory rehabilitation. This article provides reflections on the implementation and experience of group psychological counseling in China, which supplies references to help drug addicts under compulsory rehabilitation to clear up their psychological depen-dence on drug.

  13. 精神疾病康复期大学生支持性团体辅导的实践与探索%Practice and Exploration of College Students' Supportive Group Counseling in the Rehabilitation Period of Mental Illness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍中开; 申杰飞

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the way of psychological counseling in college students with mental illness in the college en-vironment. Methods:a 14 week period of weeks of supportive group counseling practice was performed on 6 volunteers who participated in the rehabilitation period of mental illness. Results:1 years after the end of the group found that the members of the participation in the experiment did not relapse, good social function. Conclusion:the supportive group counseling has a positive effect on the students of mental illness rehabilitation period. The researcher further discusses the work method and legal dilemma of mental health education of college students in mental illness rehabilitation period.%目的:探索精神疾病康复期大学生在高校环境下的心理辅导方式。方法:对6名自愿参与的精神疾病康复期大学生进行为期14周的支持性团体心理辅导实践。结果:团体结束后1年发现,参与实验的成员均未复发,社会功能良好。结论:支持性团体辅导对精神疾病康复期大学生具有积极的影响作用。研究者进一步对精神疾病康复期大学生心理健康教育的工作方法与法律困境进行了讨论。

  14. 团体心理咨询--大学生心理健康教育的有效途径%Group Counseling:An Effective Way to the Education of College Students’Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓彩艳; 黄奎林

    2014-01-01

    大学生的心理健康教育是素质教育的重点,团体心理咨询作为一种新的心理健康教育形式,是当今素质教育、新时期大学生思想政治教育工作和心理健康教育工作本身的需要。团体心理咨询有助于新生入学适应、深化认识自我、学习人际交往原则和技巧、合理进行情绪调节、保持心理健康水平等各方面。团体心理咨询是高校开展心理健康教育、保持大学生心理健康、培养学生健康人格的有效途径。%The education of college students’ mental health is the key of quality education, and group counseling, as a new way of mental health education, is the demands of quality education, ideological and political education as well as the mental health education itself. Group counseling is helpful for college freshmen to adapt to college life, deepen self-awareness, learn interpersonal principles and skills, adjust mood reasonably and keep mental health. Group counseling is an effective way for universities to carry out mental health education, maintain students’ mental health and cultivate their healthy personality.

  15. 团体咨询在缓解艾滋病科护士工作压力中的作用%Role of Group Counseling in Alleviating Job Pressure for HIV/AIDS Nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐素荣; 石柳春; 梁桂月

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of group counseling in alleviating the job pressure for HIV/ AIDS nurses. Methods Using convenience sampling, 2 AIDS nursing groups in the hospital were enrolled into the study and divided into control group with the routine nursing and intervention group with monthly group counseling for 1 year. The nurse stress scale and attitude survey scale of nurses' attitude towards AIDS patient were used to evaluate each group of nurses separately. Results Significant differences were detected on the scores of nursing pressure scale and attitude survey scale of nurses' attitude towards AIDS (except for fear of occupational exposure) in the intervention group before and after the intervention and between the intervention group and the control group after the intervention(P<0. 05 or P<0.01). Conclusion Application of group counseling technology in education activities can alleviate the job pressure on AIDS nurses and change nurse's attitudes towards AIDS patients, thereby improving the quality of care.%目的 探讨团体咨询在缓解艾滋病(acquired immune deficiency syndrome,AIDS)科护士工作压力中的作用.方法 方便性抽样选取广西壮族自治区龙潭医院AIDS科中的2个护理组,一组设为常规对照组,另一组设为干预组.干预组每月运用团体咨询技术开展1次AIDS教育活动,运行1年.分别于干预前后,采用护士压力源量表和护士对AIDS患者的态度调查简表对两组护士进行测评.结果 干预组护士干预前后以及干预后与对照组比较,护士压力评分及对AIDS患者的态度(除害怕职业暴露方面外)的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 运用团体咨询技术开展教育活动,能减轻AIDS科护士的工作压力,改变其对AIDS患者的态度,从而提高护理质量.

  16. Story Crafting: Strategies for Facilitating Narrative Career Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Narrative career counselling is a growing force in career guidance and counselling that offers a direction for the field to respond to the needs of increasingly diverse client groups. In this article, we review established and emerging approaches to narrative career counselling, then focus on the emerging story telling approach. We offer examples…

  17. Story Crafting: Strategies for Facilitating Narrative Career Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Narrative career counselling is a growing force in career guidance and counselling that offers a direction for the field to respond to the needs of increasingly diverse client groups. In this article, we review established and emerging approaches to narrative career counselling, then focus on the emerging story telling approach. We offer examples…

  18. Working session 3: Tubing integrity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cueto-Felgueroso, C. [Tecnatom, S.A., San Sebastian de los Reyes, Madrid (Spain); Strosnider, J. [NRC, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-02-01

    Twenty-three individuals representing nine countries (Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Japan, the Slovak Republic, Spain, the UK, and the US) participated in the session on tube integrity. These individuals represented utilities, vendors, consultants and regulatory authorities. The major subjects discussed by the group included overall objectives of managing steam generator tube degradation, necessary elements of a steam generator degradation management program, the concept of degradation specific management, structural integrity evaluations, leakage evaluations, and specific degradation mechanisms. The group`s discussions on these subjects, including conclusions and recommendations, are summarized in this article.

  19. The Discussion of the Effect of Irvin D. Yalom Group Counseling Intervention for Maladaptive College Freshmen%欧文·亚隆团体咨询对适应不良大学新生的干预初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雯

    2016-01-01

    本文从存在主义视角来理解大学新生的适应问题,并探讨存在主义的欧文·亚隆团体干预大学新生适应不良问题的适用性和效果。%In this paper, the maladaptation of college freshmen has been discussed in the perspective of existentialism, as well as the effect of Irvin D. Yalom group counseling intervention for maladaptive college freshmen.

  20. 提升大学生主观幸福感的团体心理辅导方案设计%The group counseling design that enhance college students’subjective well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯媛媛

    2016-01-01

    This article from the factors influencing college students' subjective well-being, discusses how the group counseling program and improve college students' subjective well-being, to help college students enjoy a happy learning and life.%从影响大学生主观幸福感的因素入手,探讨了提升大学生主观幸福感的团体心理辅导方案,旨在帮助大学生自信快乐的学习,幸福阳光地生活。

  1. Abstracts of SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Presents abstracts of SIG Sessions. Highlights include digital collections; information retrieval methods; public interest/fair use; classification and indexing; electronic publication; funding; globalization; information technology projects; interface design; networking in developing countries; metadata; multilingual databases; networked…

  2. Management of painful temporomandibular joint clicking with different intraoral devices and counseling: a controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Rodrigues CONTI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective The benefit of the use of some intraoral devices in arthrogenous temporomandibular disorders (TMD patients is still unknown. This study assessed the effectiveness of the partial use of intraoral devices and counseling in the management of patients with disc displacement with reduction (DDWR and arthralgia.Materials and Methods A total of 60 DDWR and arthralgia patients were randomly divided into three groups: group I (n=20 wore anterior repositioning occlusal splints (ARS; group II (n=20 wore the Nociceptive Trigeminal Inhibition Clenching Suppression System devices (NTI-tss; and group III (n=20 only received counseling for behavioral changes and self-care (the control group. The first two groups also received counseling. Follow-ups were performed after 2 weeks, 6 weeks and 3 months. In these sessions, patients were evaluated by means of a visual analogue scale, pressure pain threshold (PPT of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ, maximum range of motion and TMJ sounds. Possible adverse effects were also recorded, such as discomfort while using the device and occlusal changes. The results were analyzed with ANOVA, Tukey’s and Fisher Exact Test, with a significance level of 5%.Results Groups I and II showed improvement in pain intensity at the first follow-up. This progress was recorded only after 3 months in Group III. Group II showed an increased in joint sounds frequency. The PPT values, mandibular range of motion and the number of occlusal contacts did not change significantly.Conclusion The simultaneous use of intraoral devices (partial time plus behavioral modifications seems to produce a more rapid pain improvement in patients with painful DDWR. The use of NTI-tss could increase TMJ sounds. Although intraoral devices with additional counseling should be considered for the management of painful DDWR, dentists should be aware of the possible side effects of the intraoral device’s design.

  3. Management of painful temporomandibular joint clicking with different intraoral devices and counseling: a controlled study

    Science.gov (United States)

    CONTI, Paulo César Rodrigues; CORRÊA, Ana Silvia da Mota; LAURIS, José Roberto Pereira; STUGINSKI-BARBOSA, Juliana

    2015-01-01

    Objective The benefit of the use of some intraoral devices in arthrogenous temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients is still unknown. This study assessed the effectiveness of the partial use of intraoral devices and counseling in the management of patients with disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and arthralgia. Materials and Methods A total of 60 DDWR and arthralgia patients were randomly divided into three groups: group I (n=20) wore anterior repositioning occlusal splints (ARS); group II (n=20) wore the Nociceptive Trigeminal Inhibition Clenching Suppression System devices (NTI-tss); and group III (n=20) only received counseling for behavioral changes and self-care (the control group). The first two groups also received counseling. Follow-ups were performed after 2 weeks, 6 weeks and 3 months. In these sessions, patients were evaluated by means of a visual analogue scale, pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), maximum range of motion and TMJ sounds. Possible adverse effects were also recorded, such as discomfort while using the device and occlusal changes. The results were analyzed with ANOVA, Tukey’s and Fisher Exact Test, with a significance level of 5%. Results Groups I and II showed improvement in pain intensity at the first follow-up. This progress was recorded only after 3 months in Group III. Group II showed an increased in joint sounds frequency. The PPT values, mandibular range of motion and the number of occlusal contacts did not change significantly. Conclusion The simultaneous use of intraoral devices (partial time) plus behavioral modifications seems to produce a more rapid pain improvement in patients with painful DDWR. The use of NTI-tss could increase TMJ sounds. Although intraoral devices with additional counseling should be considered for the management of painful DDWR, dentists should be aware of the possible side effects of the intraoral device’s design. PMID:26200526

  4. 团体辅导在独立学院心理健康教育课程的应用探究%The Application of Group Counseling in Independent College Mental Health Education Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维维

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics of the psychological characteristics of independent college students in the context of the group counseling technology in Independent Colleges and universities in the appli-cation of mental health education courses. The application of group technology needs to be guided by the particularity of students, targeted for teaching process and teaching evaluation, and analyzes the problems existing in the use of group counseling technology.%本文旨在探究独立院校学生心理特点特殊性的背景下,团体辅导技术在独立院校心理健康教育课程中的应用。探讨了团体技术的运用需要以学生的特殊性为导向,有针对性的用于教学过程以及教学评估当中,并分析了团体辅导技术在使用中存在的问题。

  5. Effect of novel patient interaction on students' performance of pregnancy options counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaddeau, Angela; Nimz, Abigail; Sheeder, Jeanelle; Tocce, Kristina

    2015-01-01

    Although options counseling is a fundamental skill for medical providers, previous research has identified gaps in medical school reproductive health education. To determine if a 1-h novel patient interaction (NPI) improves student performance when caring for a standardized patient with an unintended pregnancy. From September 2012 to June 2013 we randomized third-year medical students at the University of Colorado School of Medicine to the standard curriculum plus an NPI, or the standard curriculum only. The NPI consisted of a 1-h small-group session with a patient who discussed her experiences with options counseling and her decision to terminate her pregnancy. Students completed an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) at the rotation's end, which included options counseling. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants achieving 'excellence' on the OSCE checklist. 'Excellence' was defined as a score ≥90%. Examinations were flagged as 'unsatisfactory encounters' if core competencies were not addressed. OSCE standardized patients and evaluators were blinded to group assignment. In total, 135 students were eligible and randomized: 75 to NPI; 60 to control. During the OSCE, few students achieved 'excellence' (24% NPI vs. 28% control, p=0.57).There were no differences between scores for components of options counseling. More students in the control group 'appeared somewhat uncomfortable' delivering the pregnancy test results (5% NPI vs. 18% control, p=0.006). More than half (54%) of the intervention group and 67% of controls had 'unsatisfactory encounters' (p=0.16), almost exclusively due to omission of adoption. Most students addressed abortion (96% NPI vs. 92% control, p=0.29). A 1-h NPI does not improve medical students' performance of pregnancy options counseling and the option of adoption is routinely omitted. Adoption is clearly an area that needs greater attention when designing comprehensive reproductive health curriculum for medical

  6. Effect of novel patient interaction on students’ performance of pregnancy options counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Shaddeau

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although options counseling is a fundamental skill for medical providers, previous research has identified gaps in medical school reproductive health education. Purpose: To determine if a 1-h novel patient interaction (NPI improves student performance when caring for a standardized patient with an unintended pregnancy. Methods: From September 2012 to June 2013 we randomized third-year medical students at the University of Colorado School of Medicine to the standard curriculum plus an NPI, or the standard curriculum only. The NPI consisted of a 1-h small-group session with a patient who discussed her experiences with options counseling and her decision to terminate her pregnancy. Students completed an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE at the rotation's end, which included options counseling. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants achieving ‘excellence’ on the OSCE checklist. ‘Excellence’ was defined as a score ≥90%. Examinations were flagged as ‘unsatisfactory encounters’ if core competencies were not addressed. OSCE standardized patients and evaluators were blinded to group assignment. Results: In total, 135 students were eligible and randomized: 75 to NPI; 60 to control. During the OSCE, few students achieved ‘excellence’ (24% NPI vs. 28% control, p=0.57.There were no differences between scores for components of options counseling. More students in the control group ‘appeared somewhat uncomfortable’ delivering the pregnancy test results (5% NPI vs. 18% control, p=0.006. More than half (54% of the intervention group and 67% of controls had ‘unsatisfactory encounters’ (p=0.16, almost exclusively due to omission of adoption. Most students addressed abortion (96% NPI vs. 92% control, p=0.29. Conclusions: A 1-h NPI does not improve medical students’ performance of pregnancy options counseling and the option of adoption is routinely omitted. Adoption is clearly an area that needs

  7. Group counseling to improve the empirical research of middle school students in academic procrastination%医学生学习拖延的团体心理辅导应用效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽; 凡孝琴; 张慧

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨团体心理辅导对改善医学生学习拖延现状的效果,旨在降低医学生学习拖延,提高学习效率.方法 在湖北医药学院自愿参加的学生中,选取参与动机强,迫切希望改变学习拖延现状的24名学生作为研究对象,按男女比例平均随机分为实验组和对照组.其中,实验组成员接受8次团体心理辅导活动,对照组成员未进行干预,并采用学习拖延问卷对团体辅导前后2组学生的学习拖延程度做测评分析.结果 实验组和对照组前测差异无统计学意义,说明成员属于同质性被试;实验组的前后测差异显著大于对照组的前后测差异,说明团体辅导对学习拖延的干预产生了效果.为验证团体心理辅导效果的持续性,在3个月之后对成员进行追踪测验,实验组、对照组后测得分与追踪测验得分比较差异无统计学意义,即在团体心理辅导3个月后,接受团体辅导的医学生学习拖延程度未升高;对照组学习拖延状况没有发生改变.结论 在医学生中实施学习拖延团体心理辅导,能有效改善学生学习拖延现状,本次设计的学习拖延团体心理辅导方案具有有效性和可行性.%Objective To discuss the effect of group counseling for medical students in reducing academic procrastination,and explore effective means to improve learning efficiency.Methods 24 students identified as voluntary research subjects were divided into the experimental group and the control group,male and female ratio was 1:1.The experimental group received counseling activities for eight times,the control group members did not receive any intervention.This thesis took use of Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students (PASS) as an evaluation tool in before and after test and tracing test,and did the significance test,as a quantitative analysis of this study.Results The quantitative study showed that the difference between the experimental group and the control group in

  8. Benefits of Required Counseling for Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Holm, Jessica M.; Daly, Cynthia M.

    2013-01-01

    Graduate students experience mental health distress. The authors investigated the benefits of required counseling services at a training clinic for students enrolled in counseling courses. Results indicated that after receiving services, students ("N" = 55) reported decreases in overall problems, depressive symptoms, and anxiety…

  9. Influence of group counseling on psychological coping ability of elite soldier%团体心理辅导对某部优秀骨干士兵心理应对能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵慧; 王艳丽; 魏晓阳; 曹卫华; 欧小云

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of group counseling on psychological coping ability of elite soldier,in order to further provide the basis for the education of psychological health.Methods:50 elite soldiers were given group psychological counseling for one week.They were assessed with adolescent life event scale(ASLEC),symptom checklist 90(SCL-90),trait coping style questionnaire(TCSQ),self esteem scale(SES) and self-designed questionnaire(SSQ) before and after counseling and returning to the unit for 3 months.Results:After 1 week,compared with before the experiment,the amount of stress of the total score of SCL-90 and ASLEC were significantly decreased.Positive coping style of TCSQ and self esteem condition of SES were improved significantly.In SSQ,each had more than 2 positive experience in the physical,emotional,idea and so on.Conclusion:Group psychological counseling played a positive role in promoting the psychological coping ability of officers and soldiers,and had certain long-term effects.%目的:探讨团体心理辅导对优秀士兵心理应对能力的影响,为进一步开展有针对性的心理健康教育提供依据。方法:对某部50名优秀士兵进行为期一周的团体心理辅导,辅导前、后、及归队后3个月均采用青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)、自尊量表(SES)及自编主管问卷(SSQ)进行测评。结果:1周后SCL-90总分及ASLEC的应激量较试验前有显著下降、TCSQ的积极应对方式及SES自尊状况均较1周有显著提高、小组成员SSQ每人均有2条以上的躯体、情绪、观念等方面的积极体验。结论:团体心理辅导对于促进官兵的心理应对能力具有积极的作用且有一定的长期影响。

  10. Contextualising eating problems in individual diet counselling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Søren Tange; Køster, Allan

    2014-01-01

    Health professionals consider diet to be a vital component in managing weight, chronic diseases and the overall promotion of health. This article takes the position that the complexity and contextual nature of individual eating problems needs to be addressed in a more systematic and nuanced way...... than is usually the case in diet counselling, motivational interviewing and health coaching. We suggest the use of narrative practice as a critical and context-sensitive counselling approach to eating problems. Principles of externalisation and co-researching are combined within a counselling framework...... sessions, exploration of the complex structures of food and eating with the client can provide agency by helping them navigate within the context of the problem. We also exemplify why a reflexive and critical approach to the way health is perceived by clients should be an integrated part of diet...

  11. Outplacement as Transition Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Richard J.

    1985-01-01

    Describes outplacement counseling as a process that enables management to deal with the problem of the employee who must be released or the staff that must be reduced. Discusses the process of outplacement counseling, the stages of transition counseling, and techniques to be implemented. (BH)

  12. High Tech Counseling: Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Christina Mann; Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    This article includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling. It contains reviews and implications of 4 articles that appeared in the Journal of Technology in Counseling (JTC) and provides a discussion of the future of technology in the counseling profession.

  13. Outplacement as Transition Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Richard J.

    1985-01-01

    Describes outplacement counseling as a process that enables management to deal with the problem of the employee who must be released or the staff that must be reduced. Discusses the process of outplacement counseling, the stages of transition counseling, and techniques to be implemented. (BH)

  14. [Needs and quality of counseling in long-term care : User perspective on counseling services in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, N; Oetting-Roß, C; Büscher, A

    2017-01-13

    A wide range of counseling services with a variety of counseling purposes have been established in Germany to support care recipients and their relatives; however, there is a lack of quality criteria that are based on the counseling needs from the user's perspective. To summarize empirical knowledge on counseling needs and quality of counseling services from the user perspective and identification of counseling-specific understanding of users. A literature search was conducted in the databases CareLit®, LIVIVO and SpringerLink with additional online research via Google and MetaGer. Analysis of the literature and discussion on the state of research. A trustful relationship between counselor and user as well as the orientation to the user's individual situation are key elements of counseling that have been found helpful; however, a differentiated view of the diverse user groups and counseling purposes is lacking. In order to include the user's perspective in conceptual approaches for counseling and to define user-generated quality criteria, further scientific research is needed regarding the counseling needs of different user groups. Consideration must be given to particular care situations that involve various counseling purposes. Particularly vulnerable groups need special support in working out their counseling needs.

  15. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited with facebook services for addressing and alleviating the problems experienced, both personal and social through cyber counseling. The positive impact of service delivery cyber counseling assited with facebook is not out of the role from well counselors as providers to service with the active role of students while finding information on social media like Facebook, so socializing continually needs to be implemented furtherKeyword : Cyber Counseling, Facebook, Online Game Addiction

  16. 团体心理辅导引入普通高校体育选项课教学中的理论研究%The Introduction of College Counseling Group in Physical Education Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芙蓉; 吴新炎

    2011-01-01

    随着对大学生心理健康教育的重视程度加剧,团体心理辅导也越来越受到教育工作者的重视,而团体心理辅导的优势也凸显出来,通过查阅大量的文献资料和结合教育实践,认为把团体心理辅导引入到普通高校的体育选项课教学中是可行的,可以更高更有效的为学生提供心理健康服务,让更多的学生从中受益。%With the increasing attention on mental health education of college students,group counseling is also paid more and more the attention by educators,and the advantages of group counseling are also prominent.Through making literature review and combining wi

  17. The effectiveness of computer information technology in psychological health education course group counseling in%计算机信息技术在心理健康教育课程团体辅导中的实效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭妮妮

    2014-01-01

    为了促进社会和人类的健康发展,开展心理健康教育具有重要的意义。而作为团体辅导心理健康教育,面向的人群数量较多,为了有效的提升实效性,将现代化计算机信息技术引入教学过程中,使之与心理健康教育课程团体辅导进行有机的整合,使教学具有高效性和生动性,同时促进学生心理品质的提升。%In order to promote the healthy development of society and human beings,is of great significance to carry out mental health education.As the group counseling and mental health education,the number of people oriented,in order to effectively enhance the effectiveness,the modern computer information technology into the teaching process,to carry out the integration of mental health education curriculum group counseling,make the teaching is efficient and vivid,and to promote the students'psychological quality.

  18. Design and Implementation of Group Counseling for Vocational College Students in Career Decision-making%高职生生涯决策班级心理辅导设计与操作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬梅

    2013-01-01

    Not only complicated psychological status and actions, but also relevant knowledge and ability is re-quired for career decision-making. Group counseling is helpful for the cultivation as well as improvement of deci-sion-making ability of vocational college students. Group counseling could be conducted in the following aspects:individual career and trait, work and life balance, social change and career transformation, career decision-making skills.%  生涯决策不仅涉及复杂的心理历程与行动,个人还需要拥有相关的知识与决策技术,具备决策能力。班级心理辅导有利于培养与发展高职生的生涯决策能力。辅导内容包括:工作与生活角色平衡辅导、个人生涯历程及特质辅导、社会变迁与生涯应变辅导;生涯决策技术辅导。

  19. 论大学生职业生涯规划团体心理辅导技术的应用%Application of the university student career planning group psychological counseling techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周云; 李海黔; 李黛; 罗辑

    2013-01-01

      大学生职业生涯规划是大学生就业辅导的一项重要内容,对大学生在正确自我认知的基础上确定自身发展方向有着非常重要的意义。在大学生职业生涯规划中应用团体心理辅导技术能达到事半功倍的效果,构建一个好的团体心理辅导方案能有效的指导大学生进行职业生涯规划。%The university student career planning is an important content of the employment guidance of college students, for students based on proper self-perception. Determine its development direction has a very important significance.Application of group psychological counseling techniques in college student career planning can achieve twice the result with half the effort, building a good group psychological counseling scheme can guide students to effectively carry out the occupation career planning.

  20. Beam instability Workshop - plenary sessions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this workshop was to provide a review of the mechanisms of limiting beam instabilities, their cures, including feedback, and beam measurement for synchrotron radiation light sources. 12 plenary sessions took place whose titles are: 1) challenging brilliance and lifetime issues with increasing currents; 2) limiting instabilities in multibunch; 3) experience from high currents in B factories; 4) longitudinal dynamics in high intensity/bunch; 5) Transverse instabilities for high intensity/bunch; 6) working group introduction from ESRF experience; 7) impedance modelling: simulations, minimization; 8) report on the broadband impedance measurements and modelling workshop; 9) feedback systems for synchrotron light sources; 10) beam instabilities diagnostics; 11) harmonic cavities: the pros and cons; and 12) experimental study of fast beam-ion instabilities at PLS. This document gathers the 12 articles that were presented during these sessions.

  1. Attitudes of women of advanced maternal age undergoing invasive prenatal diagnosis and the impact of genetic counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godino, Lea; Pompilii, Eva; D'Anna, Federica; Morselli-Labate, Antonio M; Nardi, Elena; Seri, Marco; Rizzo, Nicola; Pilu, Gianluigi; Turchetti, Daniela

    2016-03-01

    Despite the increasing availability and effectiveness of non-invasive screening for foetal aneuploidies, most women of advanced maternal age (AMA) still opt for invasive tests. A retrospective cross-sectional survey was performed on women of AMA undergoing prenatal invasive procedures, in order to explore their motivations and the outcome of preliminary genetic counselling according to the approach (individual or group) adopted. Of 687 eligible women, 221 (32.2%) participated: 117 had received individual counselling, while 104 had attended group sessions. The two groups did not differ by socio-demographic features. The commonest reported reason to undergo invasive tests was AMA itself (67.4%), while only 10.4% of women mentioned the opportunity of making informed choices. The majority perceived as clear and helpful the information received at counselling, and only 12.7% had doubts left that, however, often concerned non-pertinent issues. The impact of counselling on risk perception and decisions was limited: a minority stated their perceived risk of foetal abnormalities had either increased (6.8%) or reduced (3.6%), and only one eventually declined invasive test. The 52.6% of women expressed a preference toward individual counselling, which also had a stronger impact on perceived risk reduction (P=0.003). Nevertheless, group counselling had a more favourable impact on both clarity of understanding and helpfulness (P=0.0497 and P=0.035, respectively). The idea that AMA represents an absolute indication for invasive tests appears deeply rooted; promotion of non-invasive techniques may require extensive educational efforts targeted to both the general population and health professionals.

  2. Research on Group Drawing Counseling for Self-concept of Undergraduate%团体绘画心理辅导在完善大学生自我概念中的作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒力静; 李春报; 周爱保; 杨娟; 何随福

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Self-concept is an important indicator of mental health of undergraduates. Group drawing counseling is an significant method to help college students improve their self-concepts. Methods: The study recruited 53 college students as subjects of the group for a period of 2 months, a total of seven units of the group drawing therapy. The group was tested and retested by Tennessee Self Concept Scale. Results: Group members in the family self, self-satisfaction, moral and ethical self, psychological self, social self, self-identification factors have greatly improved. Conclusion:Group drawing counseling could help undergraduate improve their self-concepts.%目的:探讨团体绘画心理辅导对帮助大学生完善自我概念的作用.方法:招募53名大学生作为团体成员,进行为期2个月,共7个单元的团体绘画心理辅导.辅导前后采用田纳西自我概念量表对团体成员进行对比测试.结果:团体成员在家庭自我(FA)、自我满意(SA),道德自我(ME)、心理自我(PER)、社会自我(SO)、自我认同(ID)等六个因子有显著提高.结论:团体绘画心理辅导帮助大学生完善自我概念是有效的.

  3. Using Values Clarification in Counseling Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Barbara; Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1980-01-01

    Counselors have found values clarification useful in individual and group counseling and in personalized instruction. The counselor can take advantage of values clarification for personal and professional growth. Other techniques for values discrimination are presented in a commentary. (Author)

  4. Counseling in teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølgaard, Dorthe Busk

    2015-01-01

    Counseling is about supporting and challenging students in making decisions, being adaptive, seeing opportunities and acquiring self-knowledge. Literaturesearch of articles about counseling research in nordic teacher education 2008-2013 shows no results. We started a participant-orientated pilotp......Counseling is about supporting and challenging students in making decisions, being adaptive, seeing opportunities and acquiring self-knowledge. Literaturesearch of articles about counseling research in nordic teacher education 2008-2013 shows no results. We started a participant...... decisions, while one experience the opposite. 10 students perceive the counseling as guiding and broaching of new perspectives. The results show nothing about abilities to adapt or increased self-knowledge....

  5. Primer on genetic counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Susan Estabrooks

    2011-04-01

    Once limited to rare mendelian disorders, genetic counseling is playing an ever-increasing role in the multidisciplinary approach to predicting, diagnosing, and managing neurologic disease. However, genetic counseling services may not be optimized because of lack of availability and lack of knowledge regarding when it is appropriate to refer, what occurs in genetic counseling, and how genetic counseling can affect care. These issues are addressed in this article, along with corresponding clinical scenarios. Websites to find genetic counseling services and resources are also provided.

  6. Summary of Study Group Session Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between gravitational physiology and calcium metabolism is examined. The role of gravity on the problems of bone response, low gravity environments, calcium in plants, and the potential in animal systems for alterations in nerve and muscle function as variations in extracellular calcium levels occurred are discussed. Innovative materials for experiments on interactions between calcium and gravity, experiments that could utilize ionospheres or calcium-measuring dyes, and specific gravity calcium experiments are also addressed.

  7. Time to talk: counselling for people with dysphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ireland, C; Wotton, G

    1996-11-01

    In this small-scale qualitative study, 20 dysphasic people, including some with severe language impairments, were offered up to 20 sessions of individual counselling. The trained counsellors were a speech and language therapist and a teacher who had personal experience of dysphasia. The paper describes how the service was set up, and how it was evaluated through the use of interviews before, during and after the process of counselling. In general, participants valued the service and a number of positive outcomes were described. Negative reactions were largely due to problems with the setting, timing and organization of the counselling and to the presence of social problems which could not be addressed through counselling. A number of recommendations for setting up a counselling service for people with dysphasia can be drawn from this study. These are discussed in this paper, together with the issues arising from the collaboration between dysphasic and non-dysphasic researchers.

  8. Group counseling for nursing students before negative psychological impact on employment%团体心理咨询对实习护生就业前负性心理的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖红珍; 卢志坚; 黄萍; 杨素芬; 吴国友; 叶颜凤; 张月嫦

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the group counseling on employment in nursing students before negative psy ‐chological effects . Methods Selected of 120 name internship nursing born random is divided into group and con‐trol group ,each 60 name ,group into homes internship hou application groups psychological advisory of method for training ,control group not for groups psychological advisory training ;two group are used depression since assess‐ment volume table (SDS ) ,and anxiety since assessment volume table (SAS ) and self‐confidence volume table (SES) ,on internship nursing born in for groups psychological advisory qian and groups psychological advisory training ended hou each evaluation once ,then for compared analysis . Results Study group after group counseling nursing students SDS and SAS test scores significantly lower than control group ,appeared negative psychological (SDS and SAS) significantly reduced the number of cases compared with the control group ,there was a statistically significant difference(P< 0.05) ;student practical nurses in the experimental group improved self‐confidence evalu‐ation scores than the control group ,there was a statistically significant difference (P< 0.05) . Conclusion Group counseling can effectively mitigate the negative psychology of probationer employment (anxiety and depression) and lack of self‐confidence ,improve the self‐esteem of nursing students for future employment .%目的:探讨团体心理咨询对实习护生就业前负性心理的影响。方法将120名实习护生随机分为观察组和对照组各60名 ,观察组进院实习后应用团体心理咨询的方法进行训练,对照组不进行团体心理咨询训练。两组均采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和自信心量表(SES)对实习护生在心理咨询前与团体心理咨询训练结束后各测评1次,并进行对比分析。结果观察组实习护生进行团体心理咨询后 SDS

  9. Acceptability of HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing among Premarital Couples in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zunyou; Rou, Keming; Xu, Chen; Lou, Wei; Detels, Roger

    2005-01-01

    Premarital counseling is required for couples wishing to be married in China. The counseling primarily provides information about contraception. We evaluated adding premarital HIV/AIDS counseling and voluntary HIV testing to the standard counseling. The test was offered free to one group and at the standard cost to the other. The proportion of…

  10. Delivery of Internet-based cancer genetic counselling services to patients' homes: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meropol, Neal J; Daly, Mary B; Vig, Hetal S; Manion, Frank J; Manne, Sharon L; Mazar, Carla; Murphy, Camara; Solarino, Nicholas; Zubarev, Vadim

    2011-01-01

    We examined the feasibility of home videoconferencing for providing cancer genetic education and risk information to people at risk. Adults with possible hereditary colon or breast and ovarian cancer syndromes were offered Internet-based counselling. Participants were sent web cameras and software to install on their home PCs. They watched a prerecorded educational video and then took part in a live counselling session with a genetic counsellor. A total of 31 participants took part in Internet counselling sessions. Satisfaction with counselling was high in all domains studied, including technical (mean 4.3 on a 1-5 scale), education (mean 4.7), communication (mean 4.8), psychosocial (mean 4.1) and overall (mean 4.2). Qualitative data identified technical aspects that could be improved. All participants reported that they would recommend Internet-based counselling to others. Internet-based genetic counselling is feasible and associated with a high level of satisfaction among participants.

  11. Development and Validation of a Training Program Using a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Approach with the Purpose of Enabling Community Pharmacists to Provide Empathic Patient Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanuma, Kazunori; Watanabe, Fumiyuki; Maeda, Hatsuyo; Shiina, Miki; Hara, Kazuo; Kamei, Miwako

    2017-01-01

     To enable community pharmacists to provide empathic patient counseling, we developed and validated a training program based on cognitive reframing, which is one of the cognitive behavioral therapies. We divided 24 community pharmacists into two groups, providing training to the intervention group. The duration of the training program was two hours per session, with a total of eight hours. We conducted a survey of the intervention group to evaluate their training experience. In addition, we performed two role-play scenarios on patient counseling using simulated patients, evaluating the patient counseling alliance scores and the degrees of the psychological distance between the patients and pharmacists. The degree of satisfaction correlated with four training items, including "explanation by comics". When pharmacists felt that the cognitive behavioral therapy approach was successful, no significant differences were found in the patient counseling alliance grades. However, the psychological distance between the patients and pharmacists was smaller. We were able to infer that a cognitive behavioral therapy approach could decrease the psychological distance between patients and pharmacists, thereby enabling empathic patient counseling.

  12. Motivational counselling and SMS-reminders for reduction of daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, T; Aadahl, Mette; Beyer, Nina Ann-Marie

    2016-01-01

    tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention targeting reduction in daily sitting time in patients with RA. METHODS: A randomised, controlled trial with two parallel groups. RA patients >18 years of age and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score ... for daily leisure time sitting > 4 h. The 16-week intervention included 1) three individual motivational counselling sessions and 2) individual text message reminders aimed at reducing daily sitting time. The control group was encouraged to maintain their usual lifestyles. Outcomes were assessed at baseline...

  13. Motivational counselling and SMS-reminders for reduction of daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, T; Aadahl, Mette; Beyer, Nina Ann-Marie

    2016-01-01

    tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention targeting reduction in daily sitting time in patients with RA. METHODS: A randomised, controlled trial with two parallel groups. RA patients >18 years of age and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score ... for daily leisure time sitting > 4 h. The 16-week intervention included 1) three individual motivational counselling sessions and 2) individual text message reminders aimed at reducing daily sitting time. The control group was encouraged to maintain their usual lifestyles. Outcomes were assessed at baseline...

  14. Contextualising eating problems in individual diet counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, Søren T; Køster, Allan

    2014-05-01

    Health professionals consider diet to be a vital component in managing weight, chronic diseases and the overall promotion of health. This article takes the position that the complexity and contextual nature of individual eating problems needs to be addressed in a more systematic and nuanced way than is usually the case in diet counselling, motivational interviewing and health coaching. We suggest the use of narrative practice as a critical and context-sensitive counselling approach to eating problems. Principles of externalisation and co-researching are combined within a counselling framework that employs logistic, social and discursive eating problems as analytic categories. Using cases from a health clinic situated at the Metropolitan University College in Copenhagen, we show that even if the structural conditions associated with eating problems may not be solvable through individual counselling sessions, exploration of the complex structures of food and eating with the client can provide agency by helping them navigate within the context of the problem. We also exemplify why a reflexive and critical approach to the way health is perceived by clients should be an integrated part of diet counselling.

  15. Counselling low-back-pain patients in secondary healthcare: a randomised trial addressing experienced workplace barriers and physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Lone Donbæk; Maribo, Thomas; Schiøttz-Christensen, Berit; Madsen, Finn Hjorth; Gonge, Bigitte; Christensen, Michael; Frost, Poul

    2012-01-01

    To assess if counselling by an occupational physician (OP) addressing experienced workplace barriers and physical activity integrated as a part of low-back pain (LBP) outpatient treatment influences pain, function and sick leave. Randomised controlled trial in the secondary healthcare sector with 3 months' follow-up. The participants were LBP patients who, independently of sick-leave status, expressed concerns about the ability to maintain their current job. Patients referred for surgery were excluded. The intervention consisted of two counselling sessions conducted by an OP addressing both workplace barriers and leisure-time physical activity. A workplace visit was performed if required. Pain, function and duration of sick leave due to LBP were primary outcomes. A reduction in bodily pain and improvement in physical function both measured by the 36-item short-form health survey questionnaire in favour of the intervention group was found. The change in pain score was found to be clinically relevant. The risk of sick leave for at least 8 weeks due to LBP was significantly reduced in the intervention group. Two secondary outcomes, Fear Avoidance Beliefs about physical activity and maximum oxygen uptake, supported compliance and adherence to the part of the intervention focusing on enhanced physical activity. Two short counselling sessions by an OP combining advice on meeting workplace barriers and enhancing physical activity had a substantial effect on important prognostic factors for LBP patients with moderate to severe symptoms diagnosed in outpatient rheumatological clinics. Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN13071157.

  16. Effect of Imagery Communication Psychotherapy-based Group Counseling on Self-concept in College Students%意象对话取向团体辅导对大学生自我概念的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭阳; 林静; 杨琴

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effect of imagery communication psychotherapy-based group counseling on self-concept in college students. Methods: 40 college students were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The students in the experimental group participated a 10-week group intervention program. Tennessee Self-concept Scale was administered to the two groups before and after the program. Results: Compared with pre-training, the experi-mental group's score of self-criticism was significantly decreased, and the scores of psychological me, social self, self-ac-tion, self-concept were significantly increased; the experimental group' s score of self-criticism was significantly lower than that in the control group, the scores of psychological me, self-concept were significantly higher than those in the control group. Imagery analysis and self-report of college students also showed the experiment was effective. Conclusion: Im-agery communication psychotherapy-based group counseling has obvious effects on college student's self-concept.%目的:探讨意象对话取向团体辅导对大学生自我概念的影响.方法:将40名有改变自我意愿的大学生随机分成实验组与控制组(各20人,每组男女各半),实验组接受为期10周的意象对话取向团体辅导,控制组不进行实验处理.辅导前后分别进行田纳西自我概念量表评估.结果:实验组在辅导后的自我批评得分显著下降,心理自我、社会自我、自我行动、自我认同得分均显著提高.辅导后,实验组自我批评得分显著低于控制组得分,心理自我、自我认同显著高于控制组得分.意象分析及自我报告也显示实验有效.结论:意象对话取向团体辅导对改善大学生自我概念有显著作用.

  17. Multiparty Asynchronous Session Types

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Honda, Kohei; Yoshida, Nobuko; Carbone, Marco

    2016-01-01

    peers are directly abstracted as a global scenario. Global types retain the friendly type syntax of binary session types while specifying dependencies and capturing complex causal chains of multiparty asynchronous interactions. A global type plays the role of a shared agreement among communication peers...

  18. The outreach sessions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trache, Livius [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2015-02-24

    These are moderator’s remarks about the outreach day in the middle of the CSSP14, and in particular about the afternoon outreach session in round table format with the announced theme: “CERN at 60 and the internationalization of science”.

  19. 团体心理辅导在高校资助育人中的作用%The Role of Group Psychological Counseling in University Funding for Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛伟丽

    2016-01-01

    高校资助育人过程当中面临的一个重要问题就是贫困生的心理问题,很多贫困生存在着自卑、焦虑等不良情绪,严重影响正常交往活动,并且不善于进行人际沟通。本文简要介绍高校贫困生的常见心理问题,并探讨团队心理辅导在解决这些心理问题,充分发挥资助育人体系作用过程当中的价值。%An important issue in University funding education process is facing psychological problems of poor students, many poor living in the self-esteem, anxiety and other negative emotions, seriously affect the normal exchanges, and not good man-machine communication. This article briefly describes common psychological problems of poor students of colleges and universities, and to explore the counseling team in solving these psychological problems, give full play to the role of the fin-ancing system of education process value.

  20. On the Application of Group Counseling in Improving Poverty-Stricken Students' Interpersonal Relationship:Taking Hu'nan Vocational Institute of Technology for an Example%团体辅导在改善高职贫困生人际关系中的应用——以湖南理工职院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓玲; 洪丕庆; 罗美霞

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨团体辅导改善贫困生人际关系的效果;方法:通过推荐招募的方式,以32名贫困生作为实验组,32名同质学生作为对照组,实验组运用团体辅导的方法,进行6次辅导,采用人际关系综合诊断量表在辅导前后分别对两组进行评定;结果:团体辅导前实验组与对照组得分无显著性差异,辅导后得分有显著性差异,常态学习下的对照组在各量表下的得分的差异均未达到显著性;结论:团体辅导能有效改善贫困大学生的人际关系。%Objective:To investigate the effect of group counseling in improving poor students interpersonal relationship;method:through recommendation method,32 poverty-stricken students were chosen as an experimental group,and 32 homogeneous students served as a control group.The experiment adopted group counseling method to counsel 6 times with compre-hensive diagnostic scale;results:before group counseling,the experimental group and the control group had no significant difference,while after counseling,the scores have significant differences;conclusion:group counseling can improve the impoverished college students' interpersonal relationship.

  1. The effect of counseling on anxiety after traumatic childbirth in nulliparous women; a single blind randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Azizi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Traumatic birthing mothers may expose more susceptible to experiences posttraumatic mental disorder such as anxiety. This study aimed to determine the effect of midwifery counseling intervention on the anxiety level after traumatic childbirth of primiparous women.Methods: In a randomized control trial 180 woman who had experienced traumatic childbirth based on DSM-IV criteria have been selected. The subjects were randomly divided into an intervention (n=90 and control (n=90 groups. The intervention group received midwifery counseling during two sessions and control group just received routin health care after childbirth. Both groups were followed up with partial – blind technique and compared 4-6 weeks and 3 months post partum. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics by SPSS software. Results: Demographic characteristics, pregnancy complications and social support level were the same in both groups. In addition, there was no significant difference between two groups according to stress, depression and anxiety level before intervention (P>0.05. There was significant difference between two groups in anxiety level after 4-6 weeks and 3 months followup (P<0.001.Conclusion: Findings of this research shows that performing midwifery-counseling program may have significant effect on decreasing of anxiety level after traumatic childbirth.

  2. 团体心理辅导技术在职业核心能力培养中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling Techniques in The Professional Core Ability Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟

    2016-01-01

    Professional core ability refers to the basic ability except post professional ability of people in the professional career , which has universal applicability and wide range of mobility , and it is accompanied by a lifelong ability of sustainable development .The appli-cation of group psychological counseling to the cultivation of professional core competence has a strong feasibility .In the process of the cultivation of professional core ability , role play, group games, and a variety of group counseling technology can be used to change the traditional view of students and education , and to promote the students'consciousness , so as to improve the effect of teaching .%职业核心能力指人们职业生涯中岗位专业能力之外的基本能力,具有普遍的适用性和广泛的可迁移性,是伴随人终生的可持续发展的能力。将团体心理咨询技术应用到职业核心能力培养中具有较强的可行性。在职业核心能力培养过程中,可以通过角色扮演、团体游戏等多种团体心理辅导技术,改变传统学生观、教育观,促进学生自觉领悟,从而提高教育教学效果。

  3. 高校班级团体辅导中集体心理的转型与共振%The Transition and Resonance of Collective Psychology in University Class Group Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉兰

    2016-01-01

    The class group counseling regards the class as the group situation, optimize class dynamic and op-timize interactive way and urge individuals to adjust and correct their thoughts and feelings, eventually, it o-vercomes the binary class psychological structure which is the fragmentation between individual and collective psychological and the the cohesion of psychological structure to promote personal development and class collec-tive goals’ realizing. So constructing the interaction between counselors and students, breaking the rigid class structure, integrating different fields in the context of habits, reducing conflict of the collective psychological, shaping rules of class group counseling and avoiding the reverse evolution in the condition of collective psycho-logical are necessary.%高校班级团体辅导以班级为团体情境,优化班级互动方式,促使班级个体在情感和思维上持续调整、修正,从而克服班级二元性心理结构,即个体与集体的心理割裂,塑成一体性心理结构,促进学生个性发展和班级集体目标的共同实现。因此,需要构建优化辅导员与学生及学生之间的互动关系,打破僵化的班集体心理结构;整合不同场域背景下的惯习,降低班集体心理冲突;塑成班级团体辅导规则,避免集体心理条件下的反向演进。

  4. 团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的运用研究%Research on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling in the Psychological Health Education of Uni-versity Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁成; 李晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Transforming group counseling from a psychological counseling means to a psychological health education method, can provide help for the healthy psychological growth of universi-ty students. This paper makes a brief introduction of group psy-chological counseling, points out the model for the organization and design of group psychological counseling for university stu-dents, and explores the positive role of group psychological coun-seling in the psychological health education of university stu-dents. The writer hopes that this paper can provide help for the development of the psychological health education of university students.%团体辅导从心理咨询手段转化为心理健康教育方法,为大学生心理健康成长提供帮助。本文对团体心理辅导进行简要的叙述,说明大学生团体心理辅导活动的组织和设计模式,并从实践角度探讨了团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的应用及积极作用。希望本文能够为大学生心理健康教育的发展提供帮助。

  5. Working session 1: Tubing degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kharshafdjian, G. [Atomic Energy of Canada, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada); Turluer, G. [IPSN, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    1997-02-01

    A general introductory overview of the purpose of the group and the general subject area of SG tubing degradation was given by the facilitator. The purpose of the session was described as to {open_quotes}develop conclusions and proposals on regulatory and technical needs required to deal with the issues of SG tubing degradation.{close_quotes} Types, locations and characteristics of tubing degradation in steam generators were briefly reviewed. The well-known synergistic effects of materials, environment, and stress and strain/strain rate, subsequently referred to by the acronym {open_quotes}MESS{close_quotes} by some of the group members, were noted. The element of time (i.e., evolution of these variables with time) was emphasized. It was also suggested that the group might want to consider the related topics of inspection capabilities, operational variables, degradation remedies, and validity of test data, and some background information in these areas was provided. The presentation given by Peter Millet during the Plenary Session was reviewed; Specifically, the chemical aspects and the degradation from the secondary side of the steam generator were noted. The main issues discussed during the October 1995 EPRI meeting on secondary side corrosion were reported, and a listing of the potential SG tube degradations was provided and discussed.

  6. Influence of effectiveness group counseling on nursing teaching quality in Operating Room%效能团体辅导对手术室护理带教质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红华; 杨碧虹; 叶筱红

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨效能团体辅导在手术室护理带教中的应用效果。方法选取2011年6月在手术室实习的72名护生,按照随机数字表法随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各36名。观察组护生采用效能团体辅导模式进行带教,对照组采用传统模式进行带教。采用自我效能感量表( GSES)、临床实习效果评价问卷调查以及理论和操作考试对护生实习情况进行测评。结果观察组护生理论考试成绩为(89.2±5.1)分,操作考试成绩为(91.4±7.2)分,均优于对照组护生,差异有统计学意义( t值分别为5.921,7.652;P<0.05)。带教后,观察组护生的自我效能感、理论知识、动作技能及实习总效果评分均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为9.641,6.382,4.332,8.632;P<0.05)。结论效能团体辅导可以提高护生的自我效能感,提高护生理论知识及实际操作能力和实习效果。%Objective To research the effectiveness of group counseling on nursing teaching in Operating Room. Methods A total of 72 nursing students in the Operating Room in June 2011 were divided into the control group and the observation group, with 36 students in each group. The control group underwent the traditional teaching mode. The observation group was given effectiveness group counseling. The General Self-Efficacy Scale ( GSES ) , clinical practice evaluation questionnaire and examination were used to evaluate the results of teaching. Results The scores of theory and skill examination of the observation group were (89. 2 ± 5.1)and(91.4±7.2),whichweresignificantlyhigherthanthoseofthecontrolgroup(t=5.921,7.652, respectively;P<0. 05). The self-efficacy, knowledge, skill practice and total score of clinical practice of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( t=9. 641, 6. 382, 4. 332, 8. 632, respectively;P<0. 05). Conclusions Group counseling can improve the effectiveness of self-efficacy in nursing

  7. Effective School Counseling Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Lilley, Stacey Custer

    2007-01-01

    Despite much attention given to effective teams in the workplace, school counseling teams have been neglected in the research. The primary purpose of this mixed methods study was to learn what characteristics secondary counselors perceive contribute to an effective school counseling team. The first research phase conducted six team interviews; themes emerging from the interviews yielded the development of the Effective School Counseling Team Questionnaire (ESCTQ). The following research quest...

  8. Efficacy of confrontational counselling for smoking cessation in smokers with previously undiagnosed mild to moderate airflow limitation: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huibers Marcus JH

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of spirometry for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is still an issue of debate, particularly because of a lack of convincing evidence that spirometry has an added positive effect on smoking cessation. We hypothesise that early detection of COPD and confrontation with spirometry for smoking cessation may be effective when applying an approach we have termed "confrontational counselling"; a patient-centred approach which involves specific communication skills and elements of cognitive therapy. An important aspect is to confront the smoker with his/her airflow limitation during the counselling sessions. The primary objective of this study is to test the efficacy of confrontational counselling in comparison to regular health education and promotion for smoking cessation delivered by specialized respiratory nurses in current smokers with previously undiagnosed mild to moderate airflow limitation. Methods/Design The study design is a randomized controlled trial comparing confrontational counselling delivered by a respiratory nurse combined with nortriptyline for smoking cessation (experimental group, health education and promotion delivered by a respiratory nurse combined with nortriptyline for smoking cessation (control group 1, and "care as usual" delivered by the GP (control group 2. Early detection of smokers with mild to moderate airflow limitation is achieved by means of a telephone interview in combination with spirometry. Due to a comparable baseline risk of airflow limitation and motivation to quit smoking, and because of the standardization of number, duration, and scheduling of counselling sessions between the experimental group and control group 1, the study enables to assess the "net" effect of confrontational counselling. The study has been ethically approved and registered. Discussion Ethical as well as methodological considerations of the study are discussed in this protocol. A

  9. Group counseling on the impact of adverse emotional state andself-confidence of patients with coronary heart disease%团体心理辅导对冠心病患者焦虑、抑郁情绪及自信心的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会芳

    2012-01-01

    Objective The concept of group psychological counseling for the improvement of the anxiety of patients with coronary heart disease, depression, emotional state, improve the recovery of a healthy self-confidence effect. Methods 80 cases met the diagnostic criteria in patients with coronary heart disease, the first SAS and SDS and SES three kinds of scales to assess the patient's emotional and self-confidence, and then patients were divided into eight groups, each group of 10 people. Counselor in accordance with the procedures of group counseling, standardized design for group counseling, theme, procedures, content and technology, one by one implementation. Weekly counseling times every 2h or so, a total of counseling to 8 weeks. , After the end of the group counseling of the three scale of the patient's emotional state and self-duplication of information Shi measured twice before and after evaluation of data for statistical analysis (f test,χ2 test). Results Group Counseling Anxiety, Depression Scale evaluation score decreased significantly since the information scale measuredTest, X2 test). Results: Group Counseling Anxiety, Depression Scale evaluation score wassignificantly lower evaluation score improved significantly since the information scale. Greatly reduce the number of patients with very significant differences (P<0.01); group counseling, bad emotional state than those in group counseling, emotional restore the normal number of patients increased significantly compared with group counseling ago. Conclusion For patients with coronary heart disease group counseling can significantly improve the negative emotions of anxiety and depression, improve self-confidence back to health.%且的:观察团体心理辅导对冠心病患者焦虑、抑郁情绪及自信心的影响.方法:对80例符合诊断标准的冠心病患者,首先采用SAS和SDS以及SES三种量表评估患者的焦虑、抑郁情绪和自信心状态,然后将患者分为8个小组,每组10人

  10. Virginia Tech's Cook Counseling Center receives international counseling accreditation

    OpenAIRE

    DeLauder, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Tech Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center has been accredited by the International Association of Counseling Services, Inc., an organization of United States, Canadian, and Australian counseling agencies based in Alexandria, Va.

  11. The Effects of Group Counseling on Loneliness of the Elderly%老年人孤独感及其团体心理辅导的干预作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平; 吉峰; 崔玉玲; 赵维燕; 段熙明; 王丹丹

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查老年人孤独感现状并探索团体心理辅导对老年人孤独感的干预作用,为降低老年人孤独感提供一套可行的实施方案。方法采用孤独感自评量表( UCLA)对240名老年人进行调查,从敬老院选取30名适宜参加团体辅导的老年人随机分成实验组和对照组,实验组接受5次结构式团体辅导。用孤独量表和社会支持量表评估团体辅导前后的效果。结果敬老院老人、单身、65岁以上、小学及以下文化、无信仰的老人体验到的孤独感显著高于居住在农村和城市、有配偶、60~65岁、初中及高中文化、有信仰的老人(F=107.357,t=4.628,t=-3.137,F=23.293,t=15.994,P<0.01)。团体辅导前后老年人的孤独感(t=7.462,P<0.01)和社会支持(t=-8.795,P<0.01)存在显著差异。结论居住地、婚姻状况、年龄、受教育程度和有无信仰是影响老年人孤独感的因素;团体心理辅导可以有效改善敬老院老人的孤独感,提高老年人的社会支持水平。%Objective To explore the loneliness status of the elderly and intervention effect of group counseling on it .Methods U-sing UCLA loneliness scale to test 240 aged people .30 the aged living in institution were collected and assigned to experiment group ( n=15) and control group(n=15) randomly.The experiment group received group counseling of 5 times and 8 group meetings.UCLA loneli-ness scale and social support scale were administrated to all 30 the elderly before and after the group guidance to evaluate the effect .Re-sults There were some differences on the score in the loneliness of the elderly living in institutions because of the differences on resi -dence,marriage,age,level of education,faith(F=107.357,t=4.628,t=-3.137,F=23.293,t=15.994;P<0.01).After the group guidance,the experiment group showed a significant decrease in score of loneliness (t=7.462,P<0.01)and

  12. A randomized control trial of personalized cognitive counseling to reduce sexual risk among HIV-infected men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarcz, Sandra K; Chen, Yea-Hung; Murphy, Jessie L; Paul, Jay P; Skinta, Matthew D; Scheer, Susan; Vittinghoff, Eric; Dilley, James W

    2013-01-01

    The increased life expectancy and well-being of HIV-infected persons presents the need for effective prevention methods in this population. Personalized cognitive counseling (PCC) has been shown to reduce unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with a partner of unknown or different serostatus among HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM). We adapted PCC for use among HIV-infected MSM and tested its efficacy against standard risk-reduction counseling in a randomized clinical trial in San Francisco. Between November 2006 and April 2010, a total of 374 HIV-infected MSM who reported UAI with two or more men of negative or unknown HIV serostatus in the previous 6 months were randomized to two sessions of PCC or standard counseling 6 months apart. The primary outcome was the number of episodes of UAI with a non-primary male partner of different or unknown serostatus in the past 90 days, measured at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Surveys assessed participant satisfaction with the counseling. The mean number of episodes of UAI at baseline did not differ between PCC and control groups (2.97 and 3.14, respectively; p=0.82). The mean number of UAI episodes declined in both groups at 6 months, declined further in the PCC group at 12 months, while increasing to baseline levels among controls; these differences were not statistically significant. Episode mean ratios were 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.25-2.19, p=0.71) at 6 months and 0.48 (95% CI 0.12-1.84, p=0.34) at 12 months. Participants in both groups reported a high degree of satisfaction with the counseling. The findings from this randomized trial do not support the efficacy of a two-session PCC intervention at reducing UAI among HIV-infected MSM and indicate the continued need to identify and implement effective prevention methods in this population.

  13. The Effects of Group Counseling on Single-parent Family Children%单亲家庭儿童团体心理咨询干预的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宇; 杨继宇; 陈发祥

    2015-01-01

    目的:对单亲家庭儿童的心理健康水平进行团体心理咨询干预,比较单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童的差异. 方法:选取单亲家庭儿童24名,参与7次、约14小时的团体心理咨询,使用《心理健康诊断测验》( MHT)对干预效果进行评估. 结果:干预前,单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童在对人焦虑、孤独倾向、冲动倾向有显著差异(t=2.800,2.210,2.091;P<0.05);干预后,单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童仅在对人焦虑有显著差异( t=2.168,P<0.05);单亲家庭儿童在对人焦虑、过敏倾向、身体症状、恐怖倾向、冲动倾向的前测和后测得分差异显著( t =2.598,2.304,2.769,2.145,2.892;P<0.05). 结论:团体心理咨询可以有效改善单亲家庭儿童心理健康水平.%Objective:To study the effects of group counseling on single -parent family children ,and to compare the difference between single -parent family children and normal family children.Methods:24 single-parent family children participated in 7 times,about 14 hours group counseling.Mental Health Test( MHT) was used to evaluate the effects of group counseling.Results:Before intervening ,there existed significant differences at anxiety tendency,loneliness tendency,impulsion tendency(t =2.800,2.210, 2.091;P<0.05) between single -parent family children and normal family children;After intervening, there was only one difference at loneliness tendency between single -parent family children and normal family children(t=2.168,P<0.05);There were significant differences at anxiety tendency ,sensitivity tendency ,body symptom ,horror tendency ,impulsion tendency between before intervening and after inter-vening on single-parent family children(t=2.598,2.304,2.769,2.145,2.892;P<0.05).Conclu-sion:Group counseling can significantly improve the level of mental health on single -parent family chil-dren.

  14. Exploring the Application of Group Counseling in Freshmen Class Culture Construction%班级团体辅导在大学新生班级建设中的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞雯

    2015-01-01

    Freshmen don't easily fit into college life and are usually faced with different kinds of discomforts , difficulties and frustrations .Based on years of experience and exploration ,this paper suggests that group coun-seling is an effective method to solve their psychological problems ,improve their learning ability and communi-cational skills,enhance and boost development of class culture .%大学新生进校后会表现出各方面的不适应,经过多年的探索与实践发现:班级团体辅导在改善新生心理状况、提升学习能力及人际交往能力、增强班级凝聚力、促进班级建设等方面能够起到非常良好的效果.

  15. 团体心理辅导在学业困难大学生教育中的新探索%A New Exploration into Group Counseling in the Education of College Students with Academic Difficulties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 宋伊琳

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对学业困难大学生的心理成因进行分析以寻求新的解决方法,运用团体心理辅导技术对学业困难大学生进行了提高心理素质的训练,以探讨通过团体心理辅导促使学业困难大学生的改变与成长的新途径。%This paper attempts to come up with new solutions by means of analyzing the root psychological causes of those students, provide training to them to improve their psychological quality by group counseling, and put forward new routes for the change and growth of those students.

  16. Counseling and exercise intervention for smoking reduction in patients with schizophrenia: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Paquito Philippe Noel; Esseul, Elodie Christine; Raymond, Laurent; Dandonneau, Loic; Xambo, Jean-Jacques; Carayol, Marion Sara; Ninot, Gregory Jean-Marie Guilyn

    2013-02-01

    Smoking cessation is possible for individuals with schizophrenia but the relapse rate is high. It is necessary to develop more flexible approaches to help these patients. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of an intervention approach that integrates counseling and exercise for participants with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. A single group prospective design was used in this study. A sample of inpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder participated in a program called "oxygen group", a program combining five sessions of smoking reduction counseling and three sessions of moderate intensity exercise over an 8-week period. Tobacco consumption, motivation, carbon monoxide level, anxiety and depression, smoking self-efficacy, nicotine dependence and waist circumference were measured pre- and post-intervention. Participants reported their satisfaction with the study characteristics after completion of the intervention. Smoking consumption and CO level were assessed at 6-week post-intervention follow-up. Twelve individuals (mean age 45.7±10.8years) were recruited. Participant attendance was 81.3%. There were no dropouts. Significant decreases were found for tobacco consumption (P=.04) and CO rate (P=.003) at the end of the intervention and were maintained at 6-week follow-up. Compared to baseline levels, there were no changes in depression and anxiety. Smoking cessation motivation increased significantly. This intervention appears feasible and acceptable to patients with schizophrenia and there were promising findings regarding smoking reduction. Larger trials to test the intervention are warranted.

  17. Group Work Publication-1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimpfer, David G.

    1992-01-01

    Lists 21 new publications in group work, of which 9 are reviewed. Those discussed include publications on group counseling and psychotherapy, structured groups, support groups, psychodrama, and social group work. (Author/NB)

  18. Analysis on Countermeasures of Group Counseling on College Students’ Job-oriented Competence%利用团体辅导培育大学生职业核心能力的对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳

    2016-01-01

    Facing the current situation of severe employment pressure in China,how to cultivate college students’ job-ori-ented competence to relieve the problem of difficulty employment has become a major social problem.Group counseling can improve interpersonal relationship,change behavior,enhance self-awareness,stimulate the individual potential and optimize the psychological qualities.Combining with the significant characteristics of group counseling,the article puts forward some corresponding countermeasures on how to improve the students’ influence,decisiveness,learning ability,executive ability and innovation.%面对着当前我国严峻的就业形势,如何培养大学生的职业核心能力,进而缓解“就业难”的问题,已经成为一项亟待解决的重大社会课题。团体辅导对于培养大学生职业核心能力来说具有改善人际关系、改变行为方式、提升自我认知、激发个体潜能和优化心理素质等方面的积极作用。本文结合团体辅导自身的显著特性,从如何提高大学生的影响力、决断力、学习力、执行力和创新力等方面提出了一些应对策略。

  19. Development and Initial Psychometrics of Counseling Supervisor's Behavior Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ahram; Park, Eun Hye; Byeon, Eunji; Lee, Sang Min

    2016-01-01

    This study describes the development and psychometric properties of the Counseling Supervisor's Behavior Questionnaire, designed to assess the specific behaviors of supervisors, which can be observed by supervisees during supervision sessions. Factor structure, construct and concurrent validity, and internal consistency reliability of the…

  20. The Freshman Odyssey: Classical Metaphors for Counseling College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoz, Jeff

    This paper highlights the use of analogies and metaphors in counseling sessions with a focus on the college freshman experience as a living, contemporary example of how clients may experience mythic themes in their lives. Drawing from the ideas of Joseph Campbell, characters found in classical Greek mythology, as well as contemporary myths as…

  1. Lifestyle counseling in overweight truck and bus drivers - Effects on dietary patterns and physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puhkala, Jatta; Kukkonen-Harjula, Katriina; Aittasalo, Minna; Mansikkamäki, Kirsi; Partinen, Markku; Hublin, Christer; Kärmeniemi, Paula; Sallinen, Mikael; Olkkonen, Seppo; Tokola, Kari; Ojala, Anna; Nygård, Clas-Håkan; Fogelholm, Mikael

    2016-12-01

    We studied dietary patterns, physical activity (PA), and monthly goal setting in a weight reduction intervention in long-distance professional drivers. The study was conducted in Finland in 2009-2012. Male drivers with waist circumference > 100 cm were randomized to a lifestyle counseling (LIFE, N = 55) and a reference (REF, N = 58) group. During 12 months, LIFE participated in 6 face-to-face and 7 telephone counseling sessions on diet and PA. Dietary patterns were assessed using an index combining food diary and counselor interview, and PA with the number of daily steps using a pedometer. Monthly lifestyle goals, perceived facilitators and barriers, and adverse effects of PA in the LIFE participants were monitored using counselors' log books. Forty-seven (85%) LIFE participants completed the 12-month program. After 12 months, the mean dietary index score improved by 12% (p = 0.002, N = 24), and the number of daily steps increased by 1811 steps (median; p = 0.01, N = 22). The most frequent dietary goals dealt with meal frequency, plate model, and intake of vegetables, fruits, and berries. The most common PA mode was walking. Typical facilitators to reach monthly lifestyle goals were support from family and friends and ailment prevention; typical barriers were working schedules and ailments. Adverse effects, most commonly musculoskeletal pain, occurred among 83% of the LIFE participants. Positive changes in lifestyle habits were observed during counseling. Monthly lifestyle counseling combining face-to-face and phone contacts seemed appropriate to long-distance drivers. Barriers for reaching lifestyle changes, and adverse effects of PA were common and need to be addressed when planning counseling. Clinical Trials NCT00893646.

  2. The 'reformation' of counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.A. Lotter

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Although the Reformation took place some four hundred years ago, one area in which reformation is really needed today is the counselling of people. Since Wilhelm Wundt started the “study of the mind” in 1879, William James and Sigmund Freud followed and secular psychology gradually has developed to take the “front seat”; hence moving Biblical counselling, which has been practised since the times of the New Testament, to the “back burner”. This development had been going on for the greater part of the 20th century, up to the publication of Competent to Counsel by Jay E. Adams in 1970. In the model for counselling suggested by Adams, the principles of the Reformation of the sixteenth century, Soli Deo Gloria, Soli Scriptura, Soli Fidei, Sola Gratia, etc. were again implemented in assisting and counselling people with personal and interpersonal problems. The epistomological and anthropological approach of secular psychology differs radically from that of Biblical principles, thus necessitating a new “reformation” of counselling. Within this new form counselling, inter alia, implies the following: the Word of God has its rightful place, sin has to be taken seriously and the work of the Holy Spirit should be recognised. In this article it is proposed that the “reformation” of counselling was started by scholars with a Biblical Reformational approach and that this method of counselling followed the parameters of the Reformation of the sixteenth century. This “reformation” developed into a new direction in counselling and still continues today with fascinating new frontiers opening up for Biblical counselling.

  3. Referring patients for telephone counseling to promote colorectal cancer screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckmann, Roger; Costanza, Mary E; Rosal, Milagros; White, Mary Jo; Cranos, Caroline

    2013-09-01

    To determine the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a telephone counseling intervention promoting colorectal cancer (CRC) screening when patients are referred for counseling by primary care providers (PCPs). Interventional cohort study with no formal control group. PCPs in 3 practices were prompted to address CRC screening in patient encounters and, if appropriate, to recommend referral for telephone counseling. A telephone counselor called referred patients, made an appointment for a counseling call, and mailed an educational booklet to patients. Counseling included education about CRC and screening tests, motivational interviewing, barrier counseling, and facilitated referral for colonoscopy or mailing of a fecal occult blood testing kit. About 7 months following counseling, electronic records were searched for evidence of colonoscopy. PCPs addressed CRC screening with 1945 patients, most of whom were up-to-date with CRC testing, recommended counseling referral to 362, and of these 180 (49.7%) accepted the referral. A total of 140 (77.8%) of referred patients were contacted and 67 (37.2%) received counseling. After counseling 93.9% were planning on CRC screening compared with 54.6% at the beginning of the call. Of those planning a colonoscopy, 53.2% received one within 7 months. Referring patients for telephone counseling to promote CRC screening may be feasible and acceptable to PCPs and to some patients, and may increase CRC screening. Further evaluation of the intervention may be warranted to compare the rate of screening associated with the intervention to rates related to usual care and to other interventions.

  4. Does a short-term intervention promote mental and general health among young adults? – An evaluation of counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brucefors Agneta

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Since 1988, self-reported mental health problems in Sweden have increased more among young people than in any other age group. Young adults aged 18 – 29 with minor mental health problems were welcomed to four (at most counselling sessions led by psychotherapists. The present study aimed to evaluate the method's appropriateness and usefulness. Methods The study population was recruited consecutively during six months (N = 74 and consisted of 59 women and 15 men. Fifty-one, 46 women and five men, met the criterion for a personal semi-structured interview three months post intervention. Self-assessed health data were collected on three occasions using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12, Pearlin's Personal Mastery Scale and two items from the Swedish Living Conditions Surveys. Thirteen women and six men were not statistically assessed due to incomplete data, but were interviewed by telephone. Four men refused to be interviewed and became dropouts. Results The largest group of the study population had long been troubled by their problem(s: 43 percent for over three years and 28 percent for over one year. Among those personally interviewed, 76 percent reported psychological distress (> 3 GHQ points before the counselling. After the counselling, GHQ-12 distress decreased by 50 percent while mastery and perceived health status increased significantly. A majority experienced an improved life situation, found out something new about themselves and could make use of the sessions afterwards. Personal participant session contentment was about 70 percent and all counsellees would recommend the intervention to a friend. Those interviewed by telephone were not statistically assessed due to incomplete health data. Their personal contentment was just under 50 percent, though all except one would recommend the counselling to a friend. Their expectations of the intervention were more result-orientated compared to the more process

  5. Malpractice in Counseling Neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, Robert Henley

    1992-01-01

    Responds to earlier four articles on integration of counseling psychology and neuropsychology by noting that neuropsychology occurs in settings with high risk of legal complaints. Contends that aspiration to press counseling psychology toward clinical neuropsychology should be filtered through consideration for legal risk. Explores legal…

  6. Counseling in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeo, Lay See; Tan, Soo Yin; Neihart, Maureen F.

    2012-01-01

    Singapore, a tiny island nation, rose from 3rd- to 1st-world status in just 3 decades. Unlike in most developed countries, counseling in Singapore has a short history with faith-based beginnings and currently faces challenges to remain culturally relevant. The authors trace the development of Singapore's counseling services, provide an update…

  7. Perioperative counseling in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Koutelekos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Counseling is a part of professional role of nurses and a prerequisite for holistic care. Aim: The aim of the present study was to review the literature about Counseling of children that undergo surgery. Material and method: The methodology οf this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, between 2005-2009 mainly in the pubmed data base which referred to Counseling of children that undergo surgery, using the key words: Counseling, perioperative treatment, holistic care . Results: In the literature it is cited that counseling is provided by well trained and balanced individuals that have communication skills. Prerequisite of effective counseling is Conversation, where the nurse-consultant after elaborate listening proposes remarks, proposals, in order to enhance self-image, self-knowledge and self-esteem of the child and improve its’ personal emotional state. Perioperative counseling procedure as a part of the holistic care of children should follow and individualized approach either on preoperative and postoperative stage. Conclusion: Ultimate goal of effective counseling to children that undergo surgery is to improve the quality of provided care and increase the degree of satisfaction of hospitalized children and their families.

  8. Crisis Counseling: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

    2009-01-01

    Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

  9. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  10. Selfishness, Greed, and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrugia, David

    2002-01-01

    Although the concepts of greed and selfishness have often been used in discussions about human nature, there seems to be little attention to these characteristics in the disciplines of psychology and counseling. Considers characteristics of greed and selfishness as encountered in counseling from a multidisciplinary perspective and identifies…

  11. High Tech Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    Includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling at the beginning of the new millennium. Contains reviews and implications of several articles that appeared in the first issue of the "Journal of Technology in Counseling" and some recent technology related developments by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision and…

  12. Malpractice in Counseling Neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, Robert Henley

    1992-01-01

    Responds to earlier four articles on integration of counseling psychology and neuropsychology by noting that neuropsychology occurs in settings with high risk of legal complaints. Contends that aspiration to press counseling psychology toward clinical neuropsychology should be filtered through consideration for legal risk. Explores legal…

  13. Publishing International Counseling Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

  14. Narrative Dietary Counseling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard Jakobsen, Nina; Hennesser, Yvonne; Kaufmann, Lisbeth

    2017-01-01

    Using cases and empirical data from a research and development project at a Danish prevention center, this study explores whether and how the use of narrative dietary counseling can strengthen dietitians' relationships and collaboration with clients who are chronically ill. The results of the study...... dietary counseling empowered clients and improved relationship building and collaboration between client and dietitian....

  15. Session: Hard Rock Penetration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tennyson, George P. Jr.; Dunn, James C.; Drumheller, Douglas S.; Glowka, David A.; Lysne, Peter

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five presentations: ''Hard Rock Penetration - Summary'' by George P. Tennyson, Jr.; ''Overview - Hard Rock Penetration'' by James C. Dunn; ''An Overview of Acoustic Telemetry'' by Douglas S. Drumheller; ''Lost Circulation Technology Development Status'' by David A. Glowka; ''Downhole Memory-Logging Tools'' by Peter Lysne.

  16. Session: Reservoir Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renner, Joel L.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Horne, Roland N.; Shook, G. Michael

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five papers: ''Reservoir Technology'' by Joel L. Renner; ''LBL Research on the Geysers: Conceptual Models, Simulation and Monitoring Studies'' by Gudmundur S. Bodvarsson; ''Geothermal Geophysical Research in Electrical Methods at UURI'' by Philip E. Wannamaker; ''Optimizing Reinjection Strategy at Palinpinon, Philippines Based on Chloride Data'' by Roland N. Horne; ''TETRAD Reservoir Simulation'' by G. Michael Shook

  17. ICALEPS 2005 : opening session

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    ICALEPCS 2005, the tenth International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems, will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, 10-14 Oct. 2005 at the International Conference Center Geneva (CICG). ICALEPCS 2005 thus falls in the year that UNESCO has declared the "World Year of Physics". ICALEPCS covers all aspects of control and operation of Experimental Physics facilities such as particle accelerators, particle detectors, optical telescopes, radio telescopes, nuclear fusion facilities like Tokamaks, nuclear reactors, lasers, etc .... Opening session by . A. Daneels (CERN): Introducting ICALEPCS 2005 . C.Lamprecht (Republic & State of Geneva): Welcome speech . J. Lister (EPFL): Welcome speech . J. Engelen (CERN): The machine and experiment challenges of LHC

  18. Smoking behavior, attitudes, and cessation counseling among healthcare professionals in Armenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Movsisyan Narine K

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Smoking cessation counseling by health professionals has been effective in increasing cessation rates. However, little is known about smoking cessation training and practices in transition countries with high smoking prevalence such as Armenia. This study identified smoking-related attitudes and behavior of physicians and nurses in a 500-bed hospital in Yerevan, Armenia, the largest cancer hospital in the country, and explored barriers to their effective participation in smoking cessation interventions. Methods This study used mixed quantitative and qualitative methods. Trained interviewers conducted a survey with physicians and nurses using a 42-item self-administered questionnaire that assessed their smoking-related attitudes and behavior and smoking cessation counseling training. Four focus group discussions with hospital physicians and nurses explored barriers to effective smoking cessation interventions. The focus group sessions were audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed. Results The survey response rate was 58.5% (93/159 for physicians and 72.2% (122/169 for nurses. Smoking prevalence was almost five times higher in physicians compared to nurses (31.2% vs. 6.6%, p  Conclusions This study was the first to explore differences in smoking-related attitudes and behavior among hospital physicians and nurses in Yerevan, Armenia. The study found substantial behavioral and attitudinal differences in these two groups. The study revealed a critical need for integrating cessation counseling training into Armenia’s medical education. As nurses had more positive attitudes toward cessation counseling compared to physicians, and more often reported having cessation training, they are an untapped resource that could be more actively engaged in smoking cessation interventions in healthcare settings.

  19. Impact of Pharmacist Counselling on Clozapine Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciara Ní Dhubhlaing

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Clozapine is the only antipsychotic with evidence for efficacy in treatment of resistant schizophrenia but it carries a high side effect burden. Patient information is provided but may be poorly retained. This study aims to examine the impact of pharmacist counselling upon patient knowledge of clozapine. Outpatients, aged 18 years and over, attending St. Patrick’s University Hospital, Dublin, participated in this study between June and August 2015. The intervention consisted of pharmacist counselling on two occasions one month apart. Knowledge was assessed using a 28-point checklist devised from the currently available clozapine patient information sources, at baseline and after each counselling session. Ethics approval was obtained. Twenty-five participants (40% female; mean age 45.1 years, SD 9.82; 64% unemployed, 28% smokers showed an improvement in knowledge scores of clozapine from baseline to postcounselling on each occasion with an overall improvement in knowledge score, from baseline to postcounselling at one month, of 39.43%; p<0.001. This study adds to the evidence that interventions involving pharmacist counselling can improve patient knowledge, whilst the specific knowledge gained relating to recognition of side effects may help patients towards more empowerment regarding their treatment.

  20. A dyadic study of multicultural counseling competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Frank R; Odera, Lilian; Fons-Scheyd, Alia; Sheu, Hung-Bin; Ebersole, Ryan C; Spanierman, Lisa B

    2016-01-01

    Using the Kenny, Kashy, and Cook (2006) one-with-many method, we investigated client and counselor reports of counselors' level of multicultural counseling competence (MCC) across 4 therapy sessions at a university counseling center. Specifically, we analyzed the association between counselor MCC and client psychological well-being among 133 clients of color receiving psychotherapy from 24 counselors. We found that both client and counselor perspectives suggested that some counselors possessed generally higher MCC than others. Counselors' self-assessments of MCC, however, did not relate with their clients' assessments of counselor MCC-replicating findings from past studies of MCC. On average, counselors whose clients generally perceived them as more multiculturally competent did not report improved psychological well-being at the fourth session. Likewise, counselors who generally reported more MCC did not have clients who improved more in psychological well-being than would be expected over 4 sessions. Notably, at the dyad-level, clients who rated their counselor more highly on MCC than their counselors' other clients tended to report greater improvement in well-being. Suggestions for future MCC research involving dyadic analytic designs are described. (PsycINFO Database Record

  1. Issues and Trends in Secondary Guidance and Counseling Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietrofesa, John J.

    1970-01-01

    Utilization of counseling groups leads to (1) variety of approaches, (2) more directive counseling, (3) counselees with varied backgrounds, (4) growth of groups for interracial harmony. Changes in counselor role by use of: (1) paraprofessionals, (2) guidance workers, (3) cybernetics, (4) developmental approach in an existential framework. (EK)

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEER COUNSELING SEBAGAI MEDIA PENGALAMAN PRAKTIK KONSELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    muslikah muslikah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Practical experience is an important component of counselor education program. Through the experience student counseling practice, counselor candidate  given the experience to apply the skills and knowledge they acquired in the lecture. Peer Counseling in this research defined as the involvement of youth in peer groups to provide particular input for the development of personality and social of adolescents. Thus, peer counseling can be utilized in the process of lectures, so counselors candidate can be optimized to obtain practical experience supervised by a professional counselor. This research aims to develop a peer counseling model as an experience counseling practice media in basic skills counseling subject. The design used is research and development. Subjects were students of BK FIP UNNES. Data collected through in-depth interviews, questionnaires and  document studies. Data analysis technique used is  interactive model of Miles and Huberman. Results of the research is a model of peer counseling as an experience counseling practice media in basic skills of counseling subject include: (a rational, (b Definition, (c Interest, (d assuming, (e materials, (f the stages of peer counseling implementation, (g the evaluation and succes indicators, and function of group members, (h the phase of the service, (i the evaluation and follow-up. Based on  results expert validation obtained that the model is feasible and can be applied.

  3. Voice training in teacher education: the effect of adding an individualized microteaching session of 30 minutes to the regular 6-hour voice training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmermans, B; Coveliers, Y; Wuyts, F L; Van Looy, L

    2012-09-01

    In a previous study, we investigated the effect of a twofold voice-training module in student teachers. In the present study, the original training module of 3 hours of indirect and 3 hours of direct group training was expanded with a 30-minute individual counseling session for each participant. The main focus was on the effects of this threefold training paradigm on the voice of the participants. The subjects were 81 students at the academic teaching program at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. The trained group (n=51) received the entire voice-training program, whereas the control group (n=30) received no voice training at all. A multidimensional test battery consisting of subjective evaluation and objective measurements was applied to both the groups at the study onset and again 4 months later to assess training results. Other than an improvement in the parameter strain, no significant change was observed for the subjective judgments. Several of the objective parameters did however improve in the trained group only, most significantly in female subjects. The impact of the 30-minute individual counseling session was small and differed for males and females. However, the results support the effectiveness of this training module and favor its introduction in the education of student teachers.

  4. Effectiveness of group counseling in the social anxiety among college students: a meta-analysis%团体咨询对社交焦虑大学生心理健康影响的meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海宁; 李现文; 杜玉凤; 李晓敏

    2014-01-01

    目的 系统评价团体咨询对社交焦虑大学生的干预效果.方法 采用电子数据库检索方法,系统客观地收集有关社交焦虑大学生的团体干预研究报告,并采用meta分析的方法对1990年1月至2013年12月间的15项研究进行统计分析.结果 干预结束时及半年后追踪评价,干预组在SCL-90各因子上的得分均与干预前存在显著性差异,合并效应量分别在0.27~0.66和0.24~0.67之间.结论 团体咨询可以有效提高社交焦虑大学生的心理健康水平.%Objective To systematic evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling in the social anxiety among college students.Methods Relevant literature between January 1990 and December 2013 was searched by computer and relevant group intervention study about social anxiety among college students was collected,and then meta analysis was used in statistical analysis.Results In terms of each factor score of SCL-90,they showed significant differences not only between pre-treatment and post-treatment of the intervention group,but also between pretreatment and follow-up.The results indicated that the combined effect size of comparison of the data in these reports with pre-treatment vs.post-treatment varied between 0.27 and 0.66,pre-treatment vs.follow-up varied between 0.24 and 0.67.Conclusion Group counseling can effectively increase the level of mental health of the social anxiety among college students.

  5. HIV/AIDS counseling: analysis based on Paulo Freire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Karla Corrêa Lima; Barroso, Maria Grasiela Teixeira

    2007-01-01

    The study aimed to investigate the strategies health professionals use in HIV/AIDS counseling. This study is a qualitative research, based on Paulo Freire's theory and practice. Bardin's content analysis was used as the analysis technique. For the studied group, the counseling is focused on cognition, although new concepts permeating this subject are emerging. The main difficulties in counseling are related to the clients and the institution. The main facility is related to the team, which according to the group has a good relationship. Counseling represents a moment of distress, especially because it brings up existential questions to the counselor. It can be inferred that counseling is a special moment, but it does not constitute an educational moment yet. To obtain this goal, a counseling methodology is proposed, based on Paulo Freire's principles and concepts.

  6. Discernment Counseling for "Mixed-Agenda" Couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, William J; Harris, Steven M; Wilde, Jason L

    2016-04-01

    This article describes discernment counseling, an approach to working with couples where one partner is leaning toward divorce and the other wants to preserve the relationship and work on it in couples therapy. These "mixed-agenda" couples are common in clinical practice but have been neglected in the literature. The goal of discernment counseling is clarity and confidence regarding the next steps for the relationship, based on a deeper understanding of each partner's contributions. Sessions emphasize individual conversations with each partner. An analysis of 100 consecutive cases found that about half of the couples chose to start couples therapy in order to reconcile, with most of the rest choosing the divorce path. Longer term follow-up information is also presented.

  7. Effect of an overground training session versus a treadmill training session on timed up and go in hemiparetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnyaud, Céline; Zory, Raphael; Robertson, Johanna; Bensmail, Djamel; Vuillerme, Nicolas; Roche, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Timed Up and Go (TUG) performance is reduced following stroke. Gait training improves gait-related activities in hemiparetic patients. However, no study has compared the impact of a single overground training session with a treadmill training session on gait-related activities (assessed by TUG). To compare the immediate effect of a single overground training session versus a single treadmill training session on TUG performance in hemiparetic patients. In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 56 hemiparetic patients were randomized to 1 or 2 distinct groups: a single gait training session overground (O group) or on a treadmill (T group). Time taken to perform the TUG (in seconds) was assessed before and immediately after the completion of each session. Time taken to perform the TUG decreased significantly, and to a similar extent, in both groups following the training session (O group, 5.9%; T group, 5.2%). An overground training session and a treadmill training session were equally effective in improving TUG performance in hemiparetic patients. Hemiparetic patients should be encouraged to walk regularly overground including turns for 20 minutes without stopping. This is an easy and inexpensive self-rehabilitation method to improve functional gait-related activities involved in the TUG test.

  8. Genetic counselling and testing in cardiomyopathies : a position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Charron, Philippe; Arad, Michael; Arbustini, Eloisa; Basso, Cristina; Bilinska, Zofia; Elliott, Perry; Helio, Tiina; Keren, Andre; McKenna, William J.; Monserrat, Lorenzo; Pankuweit, Sabine; Perrot, Andreas; Rapezzi, Claudio; Ristic, Arsen; Seggewiss, Hubert; van Langen, Irene; Tavazzi, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    Advances in molecular genetics present new opportunities and challenges for cardiologists who manage patients and families with cardiomyopathies. The aims of this position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases are to review the general i

  9. Acupuncture, Counseling, and Usual care for Depression (ACUDep: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MacPherson Hugh

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The evidence on the effect of acupuncture or counseling for depression is not conclusive yet is sufficient to warrant further research. Our aim is to conduct a full-scale RCT to determine the clinical and cost effectiveness of acupuncture and counseling compared to usual care alone. We will explore the experiences and perspectives of patients and practitioners. Methods/Design Randomized controlled trial with three parallel arms: acupuncture plus usual care, counseling plus usual care, and usual care alone, in conjunction with a nested qualitative study using in-depth interviews with purposive samples of trial participants. Participants: Patients aged over 18 years diagnosed with depression or mood disorder by their GP and with a score of 20 or above on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II. Randomization: Computer randomization by York Trials Unit to acupuncture, counseling, and usual care alone in proportions of 2:2:1, respectively, with secure allocation concealment. Interventions: Patients allocated to acupuncture and counseling groups receive the offer of up to 12 weekly sessions. Both interventions allow flexibility to address patient variation, yet are constrained within defined protocols. Acupuncture is based on traditional Chinese medicine and counseling is non-directive within the humanistic tradition. Outcome: The PHQ-9 is the primary outcome measure, collected at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Also measured is BDI-II, SF-36 Bodily pain subscale, and EQ-5D. Texted mood scores are collected weekly over the first 15 weeks. Health-related resource use is collected over 12 months. Analysis: The sample size target was for 640 participants, calculated for an effect size of 0.32 on the PHQ-9 when comparing acupuncture with counseling given 90% power, 5% significance, and 20% loss to follow-up. Analysis of covariance will be used on an intention-to-treat basis. Thematic analysis will be used for qualitative data. We will

  10. The impact of pharmacist face-to-face counseling to improve medication adherence among patients initiating statin therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan I

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Michael Taitel1, Jenny Jiang1, Kristi Rudkin2, Susan Ewing2, Ian Duncan 1Clinical Outcomes and Analytics, Walgreens, 2Corporate Innovation Team, Walgreens, Deerfield, Illinois, USAPurpose: To evaluate the impact of a community-based pharmacist-led face-to-face counseling program on medication adherence for patients who were new to therapy (NTT for statin medications.Patients and methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated a program that was implemented in 76 national community pharmacies located in the midwest USA. It consisted of two face-to-face patient counseling sessions with a pharmacist that addressed patient barriers to adherence. A group of 2056 NTT statin patients was identified between September 1, 2010 and October 31, 2010, and was followed for 12 months. The intervention group consisted of 586 patients, and the comparison group comprised 516 patients. Outcomes were measured using the continuous medication possession ratio (MPR, categorical MPR, and medication persistency.Results: After adjusting for covariates, the intervention group had statistically greater MPR than the comparison group at every month measured. For example, at 12 months the intervention group had a MPR of 61.8% (CI, 54.5%–69.2% and the comparison group had a MPR of 56.9% (CI, 49.5%–64.3%; this 4.9% difference is significant (P < 0.01. The 12 month categorical MPR also showed significant differences between groups (χ2 = 6.12, P < 0.05; 40.9% of the intervention group and 33.7% of comparison group had a MPR greater than or equal to 80%. Finally, the intervention group had significantly greater persistency with their medication therapy than the comparison group at 60, 90, 120, and 365 days.Conclusion: Patients who participated in brief face-to-face counseling sessions with a community pharmacist at the beginning of statin therapy demonstrated greater medication adherence and persistency than a comparison group. This brief targeted intervention at the

  11. Orchestrated Session Compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Barbanera

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the notion of orchestrated compliance for client/server interactions in the context of session contracts. Devising the notion of orchestrator in such a context makes it possible to have orchestrators with unbounded buffering capabilities and at the same time to guarantee any message from the client to be eventually delivered by the orchestrator to the server, while preventing the server from sending messages which are kept indefinitely inside the orchestrator. The compliance relation is shown to be decidable by means of 1 a procedure synthesising the orchestrators, if any, making a client compliant with a server, and 2 a procedure for deciding whether an orchestrator behaves in a proper way as mentioned before.

  12. 团体心理辅导对职业高中学生学习适应性影响%The Influence of Group Counseling on Learning Adaptability of Vocational High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influence of group counseling on vocational high school students'learning adaptability.Methods:One class in vocational high school were selected randomly as experimental class.Based on the analysis of survey results,seven times of group counseling were designed and implemented for experimental class.Results:①Vocational high school students'learning adaptability was low,the scores on AAT and "learning attitude;learning skill,learning environment"were no more than 45.②The difference of AAT score in experimental class was significant(t=2.88,P<0.01).③The difference of"learning attitude(t=2.48,P<0.05),learning environment(t=3.02,P<0.01),physical and mental health( t =2.16,P <0.05)"on AAT in experimental class were significant.Conclusion:Group counseling can improve and keep vocational high school students'learning adaptability.%目的:探讨团体心理辅导对职业高中学生学习适应性的影响。方法:随机选取职高一个班的学生作为实验班。在对被试初测结果分析的基础上,设计并实施7次团体心理辅导活动,最后分析比较前后测结果。结果:①职高学生学习适应性偏低,学习适应性测验( AAT)总分标准分和“学习态度、学习技巧、学习环境”3个分量表标准分均小于45分;②实验班学习适应性测验总分前后测差异显著(t=2.88,P<0.01);③实验班在学习适应性的“学习态度(t=2.48,P<0.05)”、“学习环境(t=3.02,P<0.01)”、“心身健康(t=2.16,P<0.05)”3个方面差异有统计学意义。结论:团体心理辅导有利于提高并保持职业高中学生的学习适应性。

  13. Controlling Depersonalized Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balistrieri, Tom

    1982-01-01

    Outlines Gestalt therapy techniques to increase active listening and counselor/client involvement in career counseling. Discusses awareness through dialog, role playing or "presentizing," and experiential "presentizing." Presents a sample dialog as illustration. (RC)

  14. Therapy and Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can give you tools to help fight low self-esteem and depression.Therapy can help treat a variety ... trained in psychotherapy include professionals representing psychiatry, clinical psychology, mental health counseling, clinical social work, marriage and ...

  15. Counseling Black Adolescent Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Gwendolyn C.

    1974-01-01

    Black adolescent parents need counsel from social workers who are able to intervene with a discerning knowledge of concepts, such as neocolonialism, survival, and liberation, that are important to them and to the black community. (Author)

  16. 38 CFR 21.3100 - Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling. 21.3100.... Chapter 35 Counseling § 21.3100 Counseling. (a) Purpose of counseling. The purpose of counseling is to...)) (b) Availability of counseling. Counseling assistance is available for— (1) Identifying and...

  17. The Macro-and Micro-Language Learning Counseling: An Autoethnographic Account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satomi Shibata

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes an example of the counselor’s role in a relatively small Self-Access Center (SAC for language learning in universities in Japan. The author has been involved with establishing and running two SACs in Japanese universities. The study used autoethnography as its research method to look closely at the counselor’s role. This study eventually helped the author to analyze the counseling she has been providing and to realize that the counselor is required to provide not only macro-counseling but also micro-counseling. Micro-counseling consists of short, informal interactions with learners which connect the learner to elements in SACs, such as teaching assistants, other language learners, and language learning materials. These micro-counseling encounters can help to create a secure space which encourages learners to engage in macro-counseling sessions which support their language learning.

  18. Class barriers to psychotherapy and counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollerton, I

    1995-01-01

    This paper focuses on the barriers to the uptake of counselling and psychotherapy from a social class perspective. It begins with a definition of class before discussing particular aspects that inhibit uptake. Barriers focused upon are those regarding travel, costs, child care, appointment times and location of actual therapists. Likewise barriers to the effective outcome, for example cognitive and verbal abilities of clients, are addressed and the way in which these barriers inhibit the referral rate from particular social groups. Finally the self-imposed barriers of certain social groups are explored regarding self exile from the counselling arena.

  19. Intervention effectiveness of group psychology counseling on the middle school students ' psychological reconstruction after the Sichuan Earthquake%团体心理辅导对四川震后中学生心理重建的干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁霞; 翟瑞; 沈莎

    2011-01-01

    目的 探索积极心理学取向下的团体心理辅导对灾后中学生心理重建的干预效果,为改善灾区中学生的心理健康状况提供依据.方法 以四川北川中学和绵阳东辰国际学校470名学生作为干预组,进行积极团体心理辅导;以安县中学、北川西苑中学、安县桑枣中学458名学生为对照组,不进行任何干预.在实施团体心理辅导前、后采用中学生心理健康量表(MSSMHS)进行测量.结果 干预组与对照组在团体心理辅导后心理健康水平差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).与对照组相比,在学习压力、焦虑、情绪不稳、人际敏感等较为突出的问题上,干预组学生有明显改善.结论 以积极心理学理论为指导开展的团体心理辅导活动,可有效改善灾区中学生的心理健康状况.%Objective To explore the group psychology counseling intervention effectiveness on the middle school students' psychological reconstruction after the Sichuan Earthquake. Methods A total of 470 students of the Beichuan Middle School and Mianyang Dongchen International School were selected as the intervention group, who were counseled by group positive psychology counseling and 458 students of the An County Middle School, Beichuan West Court School and An County Sangzao School were selected as the control group without any intervention. The Middle School Student Mental Health Scale( MSSMHS) was adopted to measure the mental health status before and after the group psychology counseling. Results After the group psychology counseling, statistical significant difference was found between the intervention group and control group on the factors of learning preasure, anxiety, emotional lability and personal sensitivity( P <0. 0l ). Conclusion The group psychology counseling activity directed by the positive psychology theory can effectively improve the psychological health state of the middle school students in the disaster area.

  20. 大学生自我认识与自我接纳团体辅导方案%On the Group Counseling Program for College Students' Self-recognition and Self-acceptance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In recent years' work, the writer finds that there exist problems in college students' self-recognition and self-accep-tance with the popularization of higher education and more and more severe social competition, and they affect college students' development. In order to solve the problems, the writer carefully designed a group counseling program for college students' self-recognition and self-acceptance, which has been widely im-plemented in this school and it has achieved prominent effect.%  笔者在近几年的工作中发现,随着高等教育的普及和社会竞争的日趋激烈,很多大学生在自我认同和自我接纳方面存在问题,且这一问题严重影响了学生的成长和成才。为解决这一问题带给学生的困扰,笔者精心设计了“大学生自我认识与自我接纳”团体辅导方案。此方案已在我校广泛开展,效果显著,对其他高校开展同类活动具有很好的参考价值。

  1. 团体心理咨询对手术室护士心理状况的干预效果%Intervention effect of group psychological counseling on mental status of nurses in Operating Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚娜娜; 周爱萍; 谢青青; 陈婷婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解手术室护士的心理状况,评价团体心理咨询对手术室护士心理状况的干预效果。方法采取便利抽样的方法抽取某军区的5家军队医院及淮安市2家三级医院,采取整群抽样的方法抽取122名手术室护士,采取调查问卷的方法调查122名手术室护士的心理状况,将32名心理评估阳性者进行为期8次的团体心理咨询,咨询后再次进行问卷调查及比较,同时使用焦虑与抑郁自评量表进行前后评估。结果122名手术室护士SCL-90量表中躯体化、焦虑、抑郁、强迫、人际关系敏感、恐怖因子均分分别为(1.88±0.76),(1.78±0.80),(1.95±0.88),(2.05±0.84),(1.84±0.75),(1.43±0.72)分,均高于中国常模,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为7.41,5.38,5.65,5.65,2.80,3.07;P<0.05);焦虑量表、抑郁量表得分分别为(46.40±6.53),(51.82±8.87)分,均高于中国常模,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为4.06,12.38;P<0.05)。参加团体心理咨询的32名手术室护士干预前SCL-90量表中躯体化、焦虑、抑郁、强迫、人际关系敏感评分分别为(2.01±0.87),(1.88±0.75),(2.00±0.98),(2.13±0.94),(1.96±0.79)分,均高于干预后,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为2.56,2.20,2.13,2.20,2.09;P<0.05);焦虑、抑郁量表得分分别为(45.58±6.47),(42.25±11.24)分,低于干预前的(59.84±7.24),(61.76±6.32)分,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为8.31,8.56;P<0.01)。结论团体心理咨询可有效改善手术室护士的心理状况。%Objective To understand nurses′ psychological status in Operating Room ( OR ) and evaluate the intervention effect of group psychological counseling on OR nurses. Methods The questionnaire survey was adopted to investigate 122 OR nurses′ mental status in 5 military hospitals and 3 local level three hospitals by chester sampling. A total of 32 nurses in whole, who had positive symptom of psychological assessment, received group psychological counseling 8 times

  2. Drawing on Elements of Group Counseling to Improve the Effectiveness of Higher Vocational Class Construction%借鉴团体心理辅导元素 提高高职班级建设成效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹秋云

    2011-01-01

    班级是高职院校对学生实施管理的基本单位,高职班级建设的成效直接影响高职院校教育措施的落实,对高职学生发展也有着重要的影响作用。在高职班级建设中,借鉴团体心理辅导对高职班级建设的有益元素,可有效突破高职班级建设中理念与方法的局限,提高高职班级建设成效,促进高职班级教育功能的强化。%The class is the basic unit of the implementation of the management in higher vocational colleges.The effectiveness of the class construction directly influences the implementation of measures of higher vocational education,and the development of vocational students.Referencing beneficial elements of group counseling can effectively break through the limitations of ideas and methods in the construction of higher vocational classes,and promote the construction effect and strengthening the function of education

  3. Counseling Adult Women Who Experienced Incest in Childhood or Adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtois, Christine A.; Watts, Deborah L.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the definition and incidence of incest, counseling needs of incest victims, and strategies for working with women who experienced incest in childhood or adolescence. Identifies techniques and resources for individual and group counseling. Suggests counselors expand their knowledge about incest in order to offer appropriate services.…

  4. Opinions of Counselor Candidates Regarding Counseling Skills Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aladag, Mine; Yaka, Baris; Koç, Ismet

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to contribute to the enhancement of the quality of counseling skills training and counselor education through the medium of understanding the opinions of counselor candidates regarding counseling skills training. The research group consisted of 67 counselor candidates who voluntarily participated in the study. The research…

  5. Formal description of the OSI session layer: session service

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Sinderen, Marten J.; van Eijk, P.H.J.; Vissers, C.A.; Diaz, M.

    1989-01-01

    The LOTOS formal description of the OSI session service is presented on basis of specification samples from the full description, giving account of how specification styles and session service architectural elements are reflected in the description. Both information (data types) and process

  6. A 40-Year Review of Multicultural Counseling Outcome Research: Outlining a Future Research Agenda for the Multicultural Counseling Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Andrea, Michael; Heckman, Elizabeth Foster

    2008-01-01

    This study represents a 40-year review of multicultural counseling outcome research that has been done in the mental health professions. Particular attention is directed to the outcomes that ensue from counseling situations that are composed of counselors and clients from different racial/cultural backgrounds and identities in individual, group,…

  7. Status and trends of group counseling researches from 1996 to 2013 in China%1996-2013年国内团体咨询研究的现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵瑾; 樊富珉

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the current status and trends of group counseling research in China by bibliometric analysis and content analysis.Method:Using methods of bibliometrics and content analysis,Chinese papers on group counseling in 1996 -2013 which were found in CNKI were analyzed in 6 aspects including litera-ture number,sources,research type,topic,quality and competence of group counselors.Results:A total number of 516 papers were found,in which 51.0% of journal articles and 49.0% of dissertations.The research methods and topics were developing from outcome and quantitative research to multiple methods and topics including process re-search,process-outcome research,qualitative research,combined research and theoretical research.The problems were that researchers were still focused on outcome research (92.6%)and quantitative research (54.5%).As to research quality,40.7% of journal articles were published on CSSCI,22.5% of the experimental studies had no control groups,among which 43.3% were not randomized or matched,and 75.5% of outcome researches had not traced long-term effects.In 65.4% of the researches,group leaders'qualifications were not described.Conclusion:The group counseling research in China is developed quite rapidly,and the research type and topic are more di-verse,but the quality of the studies needs to be improved,and the competence of group leaders needs to be exam-ined.%目的:采用文献计量和内容分析方法,探讨国内团体咨询研究的现状及发展趋势。方法:在中国知网数据库搜索1996-2013年间的团体咨询研究中文文献,从文献数量、文献来源分布、研究类型、研究主题、研究质量、团体领导者专业素质6方面进行分析。结果:共得到文献516篇,其中期刊文献占51.0%,学位论文占49.0%,文献数量逐年上升;从2000年前单一的效果研究和定量研究发展至过程研究、过程-效果研究、定性研究、定性定量结合、

  8. 团体辅导对独立学院大学生职业决策自我效能感的干预研究%Effect of Group Counseling on Career Decision-making Self-efficacy of Independent College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田娟; 田雪芹; 曾祥岚

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过团体辅导来提高独立学院大学生的职业决策自我效能感。方法团体心理辅导。采用实验组、控制组前后测实验设计,实验组进行团体辅导干预,控制组不进行干预。结果团体辅导可以促进大学生对自我的了解,提高自信心,明确职业方向,提高职业决策能力。结论团体辅导可以作为大学生职业辅导的有效方法,对于独立学院的大学生而言,团体辅导是一种更明确、更具体、更有针对性的职业辅导方案。%Objective:Improve the career decision-making self-efficacy of college students by group counseling. Methods:By inter-views and questionnaire surveys, we choose 26 subjects, they were divided into two groups. An experiment-control (pretest-protest) group method was designed in the study. Group counseling was done by the experiment group. Results:After group counseling, the college stu-dents could understand themselves better, have more confident, have much clearer career-direction and the capacity of career decision-making was better than before. Conclusion:Group counseling is an effective way for the college students' career guidance, and it is also an much more clearer, more specifically, more targeted way for career guidance.

  9. Effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body Image following mastectomy*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadaei, Simin; Janighorban, Mojgan; Mehrabi, Tayebe; Ahmadi, Sayed Ahmadi; Mokaryan, Fariborz; Gukizade, Abbas

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Surgical treatment of breast cancer may cause body image alterations. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body image among Iranian women with primary breast cancer. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental designed study, 72 patients diagnosed as breast cancer and surgically treated were enrolled in Isfahan, Iran. The patients were entered the study by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided in two groups of intervention (n = 32) and control (n = 40). The intervention group received consultation based on Ellis rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) method for 6 sessions during 3 weeks. The control group did not receive any consultation Paired t-test was used to compare the changes in groups and independent t-test was conducted to compare two groups. The average values represented as mean ± standard deviation. RESULTS: Before the study, the body image score was not significantly different between the intervention (16 97 ± 5 44) and control (15 95 ± 4 66) groups (t = 0 86, P = 0 395). The body image score was significantly lower in the interven-tion group (9 03 ± 6 11) compared to control group (17 18 ± 5 27) after the intervention (t = -6 07, P < 0 001). CONCLUSIONS: Since a woman's body image influences her breast cancer treatment decision, oncology professionals need to recognize the value of a woman's favorite about appearance and body image. This study emphasizes the importance of offering consultation in breast cancer patients. PMID:22279481

  10. Effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body Image following mastectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadaei, Simin; Janighorban, Mojgan; Mehrabi, Tayebe; Ahmadi, Sayed Ahmadi; Mokaryan, Fariborz; Gukizade, Abbas

    2011-08-01

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Surgical treatment of breast cancer may cause body image alterations. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body image among Iranian women with primary breast cancer. In this quasi-experimental designed study, 72 patients diagnosed as breast cancer and surgically treated were enrolled in Isfahan, Iran. The patients were entered the study by convenience sampling method and were randomly divided in two groups of intervention (n = 32) and control (n = 40). The intervention group received consultation based on Ellis rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) method for 6 sessions during 3 weeks. The control group did not receive any consultation Paired t-test was used to compare the changes in groups and independent t-test was conducted to compare two groups. The average values represented as mean ± standard deviation. Before the study, the body image score was not significantly different between the intervention (16 97 ± 5 44) and control (15 95 ± 4 66) groups (t = 0 86, P = 0 395). The body image score was significantly lower in the interven-tion group (9 03 ± 6 11) compared to control group (17 18 ± 5 27) after the intervention (t = -6 07, P < 0 001). Since a woman's body image influences her breast cancer treatment decision, oncology professionals need to recognize the value of a woman's favorite about appearance and body image. This study emphasizes the importance of offering consultation in breast cancer patients.

  11. Effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body Image following mastectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simin Fadaei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Surgical treatment of breast cancer may cause body image alterations. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body image among Iranian women with primary breast cancer. Methods: In this quasi-experimental designed study, 72 patients diagnosed as breast cancer and surgically treated were enrolled in Isfahan, Iran. The patients were entered the study by convenience sampling method and were randomly di-vided in two groups of intervention (n = 32 and control (n = 40. The intervention group received consultation based on Ellis rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT method for 6 sessions during 3 weeks. The control group did not re-ceive any consultation Paired t-test was used to compare the changes in groups and independent t-test was conducted to compare two groups. The average values represented as mean ± standard deviation. Results: Before the study, the body image score was not significantly different between the intervention (16 97 ± 5 44 and control (15 95 ± 4 66 groups (t = 0 86, P = 0 395. The body image score was significantly lower in the interven-tion group (9 03 ± 6 11 compared to control group (17 18 ± 5 27 after the intervention (t = -6 07, P < 0 001. Conclusions: Since a woman′s body image influences her breast cancer treatment decision, oncology professionals need to recognize the value of a woman′s favorite about appearance and body image. This study emphasizes the impor-tance of offering consultation in breast cancer patients.

  12. Similarity Measurement of Web Sessions Based on Sequence Alignment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chaofeng; LU Yansheng

    2007-01-01

    The task of clustering Web sessions is to group Web sessions based on similarity and consists of maximizing the intra-group similarity while minimizing the inter-group similarity.The first and foremost question needed to be considered in clustering Web sessions is how to measure the similarity between Web sessions. However, there are many shortcomings in traditional measurements. This paper introduces a new method for measuring similarities between Web pages that takes into account not only the URL but also the viewing time of the visited Web page. Then we give a new method to measure the similarity of Web sessions using sequence alignment and the similarity of Web page access in detail.Experiments have proved that our method is valid and efficient.

  13. Training Pediatric Residents to Provide Smoking Cessation Counseling to Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca L. Collins

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to assess the effectiveness of a smoking cessation educational program on pediatric residents' counseling. Residents were randomly selected to receive the intervention. Residents who were trained were compared to untrained residents. Self-reported surveys and patient chart reviews were used. Measures included changes in self-reported knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of residents, and differences in chart documentation and caretaker-reported physician counseling behaviors. The intervention was multidimensional including a didactic presentation, a problem-solving session, clinic reminders, and provision of patient education materials. Results showed that residents who were trained were more likely to ask about tobacco use in their patients' households. They were also more likely to advise caretakers to cut down on or to quit smoking, to help set a quit date, and to follow up on the advice given at a subsequent visit. Trained residents were more likely to record a history of passive tobacco exposure in the medical record. These residents also reported improved confidence in their counseling skills and documented that they had done such counseling more often than did untrained residents. Caretakers of pediatric patients who smoke seen by intervention residents were more likely to report that they had received tobacco counseling. Following this intervention, pediatric residents significantly improved their behaviors, attitudes, and confidence in providing smoking cessation counseling to parents of their pediatric patients.

  14. The determinants of mothers' knowledge of the Down syndrome before genetic counseling: part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidenfeld, M J; Braitman, A; Antley, R M

    1980-01-01

    Mothers coming for genetic counseling because they have an infant with the Down syndrome (DS) vary in their amount of knowledge about the cause, recurrence risk, and options for dealing with the recurrence risk. The purpose of this work has been to determine some predictors of the variability in mothers' knowledge of the DS before coming to genetic counseling. Data were collected before counseling through a detailed interview concerning mothers' knowledge of the DS, their demographic background, fertility plan, and attitude toward family planing. These data were "reduced" by multiple-regression analysis, to 7 variables used in a prediction equation for mothers' level of pre-knowledge attainment. These variables were then used to construct a model which was tested by path analysis. Results of analyses showed that about 2/3 of the variance in mothers' pre-knowledge of the DS could be accounted for by 5 independent variables: 1) time from diagnosis to counseling session, 2) date of counseling session, 3) nonreporting of emotional upset, 4) education-occupational status (EOS), and 5) utilization of birth control methods. These findings led to the conclusion that what occurs before counseling is of importance for the outcome of genetic counseling, as measured by the genetic information acquired by the counselees. Some precounseling precedures are suggested on how genetic counselors might be able to gain more control over the important factors that occur before actual counseling.

  15. Session-based concurrency, reactively

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Cano (Mauricio); J. Arias (Jaime); J.A. Pérez Parra (Jorge)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractThis paper concerns formal models for the analysis of communication-centric software systems that feature declarative and reactive behaviors. We focus on session-based concurrency, the interaction model induced by session types, which uses (variants of) the Π-calculus as specification

  16. Working session 4: Preventative and corrective measures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, R. [Golder Federal Services Inc., Redmond, WA (United States); Slama, G. [Framatome, Paris (France)

    1997-02-01

    The Preventive and Corrective Measures working session included 13 members from France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Slovenia, and the United States. Attendee experience included regulators, utilities, three steam generator vendors, consultants and researchers. Discussions centered on four principal topics: (1) alternate materials, (2) mechanical mitigation, (3) maintenance, and (4) water chemistry. New or replacement steam generators and original equipment steam generators were separately addressed. Four papers were presented to the session, to provide information and stimulate various discussion topics. Topics discussed and issues raised during the several meeting sessions are provided below, followed by summary conclusions and recommendations on which the group was able to reach a majority consensus. The working session was composed of individuals with diverse experience and varied areas of specialized expertise. The somewhat broad range of topics addressed by the group at times saw discussion participation by only a few individuals. As in any technical meeting where all are allowed the opportunity to speak their mind, straying from an Individual topic was not unusual. Where useful, these stray topics are also presented below within the context In which they occurred. The main categories of discussion were: minimize sludge; new steam generators; maintenance; mechanical mitigation; water chemistry.

  17. Effectiveness of Career Counseling and the Impact of the Working Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masdonati, Jonas; Massoudi, Koorosh; Rossier, Jerome

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes the role of the working alliance on the life satisfaction and career decision difficulties of clients participating in career counseling in Switzerland. The study also compares these career counseling clients to a group of students who did not seek counseling, to explore the overall effectiveness of a face-to-face career…

  18. Annual Review: Practice and Research in Career Counseling and Development, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subich, Linda Mezydio

    1994-01-01

    Reviews literature published in 1993 of interest and use to career counselors. Topical areas include definitions of career counseling, descriptions of and outcome research on career assessment and intervention methods, career counseling issues and techniques of particular interest to women and members of various special groups, and counseling with…

  19. Combining Career and Couples Counseling for College Students: A Narrative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbons, Melinda M.; Shurts, W. Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Career and personal counseling have been dichotomized as distinct practices in much of the counseling literature. However, many college students seek counseling for career development and romantic relationship issues occurring concomitantly. A model for addressing career and relationship issues with heterosexual college couples in a group format…

  20. Exploring Primary Referral Source Impact on Student Initial Perceptions of Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blau, Gary; DiMino, John; Sheridan, Natalie; Stein, Alexander; Casper, Steven; Chessler, Marcy; Beverly, Clyde

    2015-01-01

    There has been no published research to date comparing the impact of different primary referral sources for a student seeking counseling services on student initial counseling perceptions. Using 82 undergraduates in counseling, this study partitioned these students into two referral groups, where 1 = self-referred (myself), N = 45 versus 2 =…

  1. Efficacy of enhanced HIV counseling for risk reduction during pregnancy and in the postpartum period: a randomized controlled trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne Maman

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the postpartum period present important intervention opportunities. Counseling can leverage the motivation women have during this time to change behaviors that may negatively affect their health and the heath of their infants. METHODS: Pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in South Africa were randomly allocated to treatment (n=733 and control arms (n=747. Treatment arm participants received enhanced HIV pre- and post-test counseling, legal support and access to support groups at baseline, which occurred at the first antenatal visit, and then six and ten weeks postpartum. Control arm participants received standard HIV testing and counseling (HTC and two postpartum attention control sessions. Outcomes were incidence of sexually transmitted infection (STI by 14 weeks postpartum and past 30-day inconsistent condom use at 14 weeks and 9 months postpartum. RESULTS: There were no intervention effects on incident STIs for either HIV-negative (adjusted risk ratio (aRR 1.01, 95% CI 0.71-1.44 or HIV-positive participants (aRR 0.86, 95% CI 0.61-1.23. The intervention was associated with a 28% decrease in risk of past 30-day inconsistent condom use at nine-months among HIV-negative women (aRR 0.72,95% CI 0.59-0.88, but did not affect inconsistent condom use among HIV-positive women (aRR1.08; 95% CI 0.67-1.75. DISCUSSION: An enhanced counseling intervention during pregnancy and the postpartum period can lead to reductions in inconsistent condom use among HIV-negative women. Results underscore the importance of the counseling that accompanies HIV HTC. More work is needed to understand how to promote and sustain risk reduction among HIV-positive women. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01683461.

  2. 团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的应用--以江苏信息职业技术学院为例%The Application of Group Counseling in Psychological Health Education of College Students---Taking Jiangsu College of Information Technology as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娟

    2015-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种体验式活动,是大学生心理健康教育的一种有效途径。本文首先阐述了团体心理辅导相对于咨询、讲座、授课等方式所具备的优势:形式新颖、趣味性强、学生参与积极性高;同时,以班级或特定群体为单位的团体心理辅导,对象稳定、过程持续、辅导效果好。其次,结合江苏信息职业技术学院开展团体心理辅导活动的实际情况,指出了当前的团体心理辅导面临着师资不足、运用面窄、经费少的问题。最后,从提升师资水平、提高辅导效果、加大经费投入三方面提出了相关的对策和建议。%As an experiential activity,group psychological counseling acts an effective way for college students′psychological health education.At the beginning,this paper describes the advantages of group psychological counseling,such as novel form,students′strong interest and high participation.Group psychological counseling targeting a certain class or group has stable objects and continuous process and therefore it produces good effects.Then combined with the situation of implementing group psychological counseling in Jiangsu College of Information Technology,the essay points out that the current group psychological counseling is facing the problems like teacher insufficiency,narrow application and inadequate funding.Finally,the essay proposes relevant measures and suggestions in three aspects:improving teachers′capacities,improving the outcomes of counseling and increasing funding.

  3. Health counseling of adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joffe, A; Radius, S M

    1991-05-01

    Health counseling is a fundamental aspect of health care for adolescents and is a natural extension of the concept of anticipatory guidance. It is a dynamic process involving active participation by adolescents. Pediatricians are a valued source of health-relevant information, but must also recognize how their attitudes and beliefs can affect the counseling process. Knowledge of the multitude of changes occurring during adolescence and an understanding of the role of health-risking behaviors in meeting various developmental needs are critical to successful counseling. Particular attention must be focused on ways to help adolescents develop the skills necessary to maintain health-promoting lifestyles and to resist peer pressure to engage in health-risking behaviors.

  4. Multicultural Counseling: From Diversity to Universality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, C. H.

    1996-01-01

    Although multicultural counseling has been a source of controversy, it has recently been recognized that counseling is really generic in nature, and therefore all counseling is multicultural. Thus, multiculturalism has joined the movement toward a universal system of counseling. (JPS)

  5. Application of Adaptive Counseling and Therapy to Career Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Mary Z.; Tracey, Terence J.

    1995-01-01

    Adaptive Counseling and Therapy theory predicts that counseling efficacy depends on a match between counselor style and client readiness. Data from 137 females and 54 males showed a negative relationship between client readiness and preference for directive counseling and a curvilinear (inverted U) relationship between readiness and preference for…

  6. The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdock, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

  7. The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdock, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

  8. Heart Group Advises Personalized Nutrition Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Health, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or federal policy. More Health News on: Health Disparities Heart Diseases--Prevention Nutrition Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Health ...

  9. Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraga, Elizabeth D; Atkinson, Donald R; Wampold, Bruce E

    2004-02-01

    Asian American (n = 155), European American (n = 200), and Hispanic (n = 152) undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor. The Bradley-Terry-Luce model, which uses a weighted least square regression to place the competencies on a continuum from least preferred to most preferred and to test for significant intergroup differences, was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

  10. Assessment of Health Belief Model (HBM impact on knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy of women in need of genetic counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Moodi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Regarding the ever-increasing of genetic diseases, counseling for the prevention of these diseases has got overwhelming necessity. Thus, promoting individuals’ awareness of. genetic counseling is required. The current study aimed at determining  the effect of an educational program based on Health Belief Model on knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy of urbanized women in need of genetic counseling. Materials and Methods: In this randomized field trial study, 80 married women in need of genetic counseling were divided into two equal case and control groups. Data collection means were a researcher-designed questionnaire consisting of demographic data and health belief model queries, which were completed by interview. Educational intervention was done during three 90 minute sessions with one week interval between each one. Finally, the obtained data was fed into SPSS (version 16 applying the statistical tests of Chi-square, repeated ANOVA, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney and Friedman for analysis; and P0.05, but the difference became significant immediately and three months after intervention (P<0.001. There was a significant difference between the knowledge, threat, perceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy in the two groups three week intervals before and  immediately after intervention, before and after the three months, immediately and after three months in the experimental group (P<0.001, but the difference was not significant in the control group. Conclusion: The results showed that educational interventions based on HBM increases women's knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding the role of genetic counseling in the prevention of congenital malformations.

  11. [Couples counseling with Latinos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zumaya, Mario

    2011-01-01

    Intimate ties and emotional relationship gain the function to confirm, to stabilize and, afterwards, to structure the coherency's model of the structured self-organization up to that moment. When the couple perceives the bond of the relationship such as a sole and exclusive for a person, they take a leading role to be able to deduce a sense of individuality and uniqueness in the way to feel himself in the world. Based on these considerations, in this paper I propose a brief description of a counselling method, which characterises the work I am carrying out since several years in the counselling and therapy with couples.

  12. Beyond Spaces of Counselling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bank, Mads; Nissen, Morten

    2015-01-01

    The article articulates experiments with spatial constructions in two Danish social work agencies, basing on a) a sketchy genealogical reconstruction of conceptualisations and uses of space in social work and counselling; b) a search for theoretical resources to articulate new spaces, and c) data...... from a long-standing collaboration with the social workers. Beside the classical disciplinary and pastoral spaces, we find spaces of attunement, spaces of production, and public spaces as forms of spatialisations which might be taken as prototypical in attempts to develop social work and counselling....

  13. Stakeholders' Perceptions of School Counselling in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, Poi Kee

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on a qualitative study that set out to understand stakeholders' perception of the school counselling service in Singapore. Using semi-structured interviews, this study explored the perceptions of three main stakeholder groups, namely teachers and counsellors working within the schools and those working in the communities.…

  14. Some Approaches for Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, David G.

    1970-01-01

    Suggests teachers use following steps in counseling students: preparation, introduction, problem definition, solution identification, information gathering, decision making, and follow-up. Discusses role of teacher in directive and non-directive counseling. (DM)

  15. Trends in Counseling and Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Darrell

    1982-01-01

    Surveyed the views of both clinical and counseling psychologists regarding current trends in counseling and psychotherapy. Found psychoanalysis to be declining in popularity, while cognitive-behavioral options represented one of the strongest theoretical emphases today. (Author/GC)

  16. Managed Care, Ethics, and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Jeffrey A.

    2001-01-01

    Addresses issues of managed care and ethics and how they relate to counseling. Specifically reviews a recent article published in "The Counseling Psychologist" (2000). Explores implications for counselors and counselor educators. (Author/GCP)

  17. Kierkegaard's Philosophy: Implications for Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dopson, Lorraine; Gade, Eldon

    1981-01-01

    Discusses how the philosophy of Soren Kierkegaard can provide useful guidelines for the study of the counseling process. Compares Kierkegaard's philosophy with selected contributions of Freud, Skinner, Rogers, and May and with four common themes of counseling and psychotherapy. (Author)

  18. Trends in Counseling and Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Darrell

    1982-01-01

    Surveyed the views of both clinical and counseling psychologists regarding current trends in counseling and psychotherapy. Found psychoanalysis to be declining in popularity, while cognitive-behavioral options represented one of the strongest theoretical emphases today. (Author/GC)

  19. Model for multicultural nutrition counseling competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris-Davis, E; Haughton, B

    2000-10-01

    A model for multicultural nutrition counseling competencies for registered dietitians was developed and tested. Six hundred four registered dietitians who were members of The American Dietetic Association Public Health Nutrition Practice Group or directors of dietetic internships and didactic programs in dietetics were selected by a stratified random sample method and were mailed a survey. Respondents rated each of 46 competencies using a Likert scale to delineate how essential each competency will be for entry-level dietitians in the next 10 years. Of the 60% who responded (n=363), 94.4% met the study selection criteria. Most were white (85.7%), spoke English as their primary language (96.8%), and had a master's degree (64.4%). Many (37.9%) worked in community/public health facilities or organizations, and 50.4% provided nutrition counseling or education to clients culturally different from themselves. Exploratory principal components analysis extracted 3 factors with 28 competencies loading on them: multicultural nutrition counseling skills, multicultural awareness, and multicultural food and nutrition knowledge. Subjects responded similarly whether or not they provided nutrition counseling to culturally different clients. Secondary analysis revealed no significant interaction or differences between how bilingual dietitians and those of color scored items in the 3 factors. The resulting model is a guideline that can be used by educators to enhance dietetics education and training and by public health nutritionists as a basis for self-evaluation and selection of continuing education opportunities to enhance their multicultural nutrition counseling competence.

  20. Efficacy of Standardized Nursing Fertility Counseling on Sperm Banking Rates in Cancer Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotker, Katherine; Vigneswaran, Hari; Omil-Lima, Danly; Sigman, Mark; Hwang, Kathleen

    2017-06-01

    To examine the effect of brief nurse counseling on sperm banking rates among patients prior to initiating chemotherapy. A retrospective chart review was performed for men aged 18-50 with newly diagnosed cancer, from 1998 to 2003, prior to initiation of chemotherapy. A standardized nursing education session including brief fertility counseling was implemented at one institution in 2008 (Institution A). Rates of sperm banking among patients who received counseling were compared to those without counseling at institution A and to those at institution B where a counseling program was never initiated. A total of 766 male patients, 402 treated at institution A and 364 at institution B, were included. At institution A, sperm banking rates prior to 2008 were 6.4% and 8.3% after 2008 for those who did not receive counseling. The rate of sperm banking for those patients who did receive counseling was significantly higher at 17.6% (P = .002). The odds of banking increased 2.9 times for those who received counseling compared to those who did not (P = .003). At institution B, where counseling was never initiated, rates of banking remained low before and after 2008. Additional analysis revealed that younger patients and those patients who did not have children were more likely to perform sperm banking. The rates of sperm banking among cancer patients increased with the receipt of a brief, formalized nurse counseling session prior to initiation of chemotherapy. These findings may validate the use of a formalized fertility counseling prior to initiation of chemotherapy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Playing Games with Games People Play. Contributions of Gestalt Theory to Individual Counseling. Self-Discovery through Art: A Group Experience. A Review of Personal Research on Experimental-Gestalt Growth Groups. Gestalt Dreamwork as a Method for Self Discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guinan, James F.; And Others

    The existential Gestalt approach to facilitating the human growth process is discussed, from somewhat different vantage points, in these papers. Two seek to elaborate the basic principles and facilitating "techniques" of Gestalt therapy, while maintaining that one can truly understand only by experiencing. The use of Focus Groups, in which a focal…

  2. Research contributions of counseling psychologists to neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, S J; Ryan, J J; Sumerall, S W

    1998-10-01

    Research productivity of counseling psychologists with credentials in clinical neuropsychology were examined. Eighteen were ABPP/ABCN Diplomates. Division 40 Fellows, or both. They published an average of 3.06 (SD= 4.82; range = 0 to 20) neuropsychologically relevant, first-authored articles over the past 5 years. When counseling psychologists were compared to a random sample of ABPP/ABCN diplomates with doctoral degrees in other areas of psychology, no reliable differences emerged between the groups in age, research productivity, or number of years between graduation and receipt of the ABPP/ABCN diploma. Research contributions of neuropsychologists with degrees in counseling psychology are comparable to those of ABPP/ABCN diplomates who were trained in other areas of psychology (e.g., clinical, developmental, and physiological).

  3. Application of Group Psychological Counseling in Higher Vocational College——With Wuhan Institute of Shipbuilding as a case study%团体心理辅导在高职院校心理健康教育中的应用——以武汉船院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春晓

    2012-01-01

    As a kind of experience activity,group psychological group counseling plays a positive role in higher vocational psychological health education.Starting from the practical significance of group psychological counseling in higher vocational college,this essay takes Wuhan Institute of Shipbuilding as a study case,analyses the shortcomings of current group counseling in higher vocational colleges,and proposes relevant suggestions.%团体心理辅导作为一种体验式活动,在高职院校心理健康教育中有着积极的应用。文章从团体心理辅导在高职院校心理健康教育中的实践意义出发,结合武汉船院班级团体心理辅导活动的开展情况,重点分析了当前高职院校团体心理辅导的不足之处,并提出了相关建议。

  4. 38 CFR 21.5100 - Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling. 21.5100.... Chapter 32 Counseling § 21.5100 Counseling. (a) Purpose. The purpose of counseling is: (1) To assist in... of counseling. Counseling assistance in available for— (1) Identifying and removing reasons...

  5. Do Counseling and Marketing Mix?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong-Beyette, Margaret L.

    1988-01-01

    Responds to Wittman's previous article on counseling and marketing by discussing concerns about two of Wittman's purposes for use of marketing: improved services in consumers and economic survival of counseling profession. Agrees that counseling profession needs to understand basic marketing principles used by business and health care industry;…

  6. Contemporary Counseling: Services, Applications, Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humes, Charles W.

    This book was written to serve as a basic text in courses that overview the use of counseling services and to serve as a useful reference for counseling practitioners. It is designed to stress counseling services in different settings (social agencies, mental health centers, schools, business/industry, correctional institutions, and private…

  7. Do Counseling and Marketing Mix?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong-Beyette, Margaret L.

    1988-01-01

    Responds to Wittman's previous article on counseling and marketing by discussing concerns about two of Wittman's purposes for use of marketing: improved services in consumers and economic survival of counseling profession. Agrees that counseling profession needs to understand basic marketing principles used by business and health care industry;…

  8. Research on the Application of Owen Aaron Group Coun-seling to Poverty-stricken Students in Independent Col-leges%欧文亚隆式团体辅导在独立学院贫困生中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzed the psychological problems of poverty-stricken students in independent colleges and the characteristics of Owen Aaron group counseling, and explored the application of Owen Aaron group counseling to poverty-stricken students, aiming to provide an effective treatment mode for the psychological health education of poverty-stricken university students and promote their healthy growth.%本文在分析了独立学院贫困生的心理问题以及欧文亚隆团体辅导的特点后,探讨了欧式团辅在贫困生中的应用,旨在为高校的贫困生心理健康教育工作提供有效的治疗模式,促进贫困生健康成长。

  9. A Maslovian Counseling Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, J. Stephen

    1979-01-01

    With Maslow's hierarchy as a basis, the model provides structure for setting goals in counseling cases and overall programs. Different kinds of client concerns are identified, and suggestions are made for using these 14 categories. The article includes specific suggestions for using the model in diagnosis, evaluation, counselor education, and…

  10. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  11. Client Expectations for Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Harris, Donna J.

    1976-01-01

    Undergraduate students (N=287) completed an 82-item questionnaire about their expectations of counseling. The respondents' strongest expectations were of seeing an experienced, genuine, expert, and accepting counselor they could trust. Expectancies that the counselor would be understanding and directive were lower. Significant sex differences were…

  12. Counseling and Transcendental Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donceel, Joseph

    1971-01-01

    An acquaintance with the different philosophies of human nature is an invaluable asset for counseling. The author presents a modern Christian concept of man with emphasis on contributions of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas and elements from modern philosophy. Its two main concerns are man's spirit and man's knowledge and will. (Author/CG)

  13. First Cycle Counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darska, Anna

    1981-01-01

    Investigations are described that were carried out by the Centre d'Information de Documentation et d'Orientation of the Rene Descartes University to find an answer to the counseling problems arising from student admission, through coursework, and upon leaving the university to start a career. (Author/MLW)

  14. Counseling in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remley, Theodore P.; Bacchini, Eugenio; Krieg, Paul

    2010-01-01

    The counseling profession in Italy is in an early stage of development. No university preparation programs exist, and counselors are not employed in schools. Counselors maintain private practices, work in agencies, and are employed by the government. Counselors receive their preparation in Italy from professional associations in programs that…

  15. Counseling Skills for Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kottler, Jeffrey A.; Kottler, Ellen

    2006-01-01

    By necessity, today's teachers do much more than deliver instruction. In the classroom, on the playground, or even in the parking lot, teachers are often called upon to respond quickly and appropriately to students' social and emotional needs, drawing from instinct more than anything else. In this second edition of "Counseling Skills for…

  16. Existentialism in Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, Leona E.

    1971-01-01

    The counselor, in working with students, can make each choice a means through which the person clarifies his purposes and designs his own future. Every commitment of time is a serious undertaking. This, the author sees, is the fundamental message of existentialism for counseling. (Author)

  17. “积极自我概念”团体辅导的效果产生机制——一项贫困大学生实务的治疗性元素分析%Effect-Producing Mechanism of the "Positive Self-concept" Group Counseling ---A Therapeutic Element Analysis of a Case of Needy Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏三珊

    2012-01-01

    “积极自我概念”团体辅导方案包括九次渐进性的活动。该方案从加深自我认识、培养自我接纳和积极的自我体验、加强自我调控的意识和技巧三方面着手促成积极自我概念的形成。在贫困大一新生中开展此方案的实验研究,团体辅导的效果从心理测量和团体满意度评估两方面得到了验证。辅导效果的产生在于“治疗性元素”所发挥的作用。在该团体辅导的不同阶段,某些治疗性元素分别凸显了其重要性。%"Positive self-concept" group counseling program includes 9 progressive units. This program brings about a positive self-concept through three methods, namely, deepening self-awareness, cultivating self-acceptance and positive self-experience, and strengthening awareness and skills of self-regulation. This program is carried out among needy freshmen. The effect of the group counseling is verified from both the mental state measurement and the group satisfaction evaluation. The counseling effect is caused by the function developed by therapeutic elements. Some special therapeutic elements highlight their own importance at different stages in the group counseling.

  18. Assessment of professional competency and need of smoking cessation counseling for dental students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajani A. Dable

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the smoking prevalence among dental students and to assess the need for promoting tobacco education and intervention by exploring their knowledge about smoking related risk factors. The study also examined the attitudes and practices of the students toward tobacco consumption, and their responsibilities toward the community. Methods: In total, 53 male students participated in the study (21 juniors and 32 seniors. The training program was divided into three modules, and the questionnaire was administered before and after the counseling sessions, which provided the comparative data on the students’ views about smoking cessation. Results: The most commonly practiced mode of tobacco consumption was found to be cigarette smoking (90.6 %, while a few consumed Gutkha (9.4%. All the junior students (100% reported to have been benefitted by the counseling program, while 68.8% of the students from the senior group reported the same. Bivariate statistical analysis was conducted using the Pearson’s chi-square test for testing the difference across the age groups. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Conclusion: Curbing tobacco influence on dental students in their initial days can ensure a smoke-free life for them, as well as prevents them from feeling embarrassed or experiencing a lack of confidence while seeing their patients. Thus, tobacco education and intervention programs can motivate the students and increase their potential to be credible advisors regarding smoking cessation.

  19. The efficacy of motivational counseling and SMS-reminders on daily sitting time in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbensen, Bente Appel; Thomsen, Tanja; Hetland, Merete L

    2015-01-01

    , and finally to assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS/DESIGN: For this parallel group randomized trial, 150 patients with RA and at least 5 hours of sitting time per day, will be recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, and block-randomized to the intervention group or the control...... group receiving usual care. The intervention includes: 1) individual motivational counseling (in total 3 sessions) on reduction of daily sitting time in combination with 2) individual Short Text Message Service (SMS) reminders over a 16-week intervention period. Primary outcome is change in daily...... sitting time (minutes) from baseline to 16 weeks measured objectively using an ActivPAL® Activity Monitor. Secondary outcomes include fatigue, pain, physical function, HR-QoL, self-efficacy, costs and cost-effectiveness. Furthermore, anthropometric measures will be included as well as measurement of blood...

  20. Colorectal Cancer in the Family: Psychosocial Distress and Social Issues in the Years Following Genetic Counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bleiker Eveline MA

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study examined: (1 levels of cancer-specific distress more than one year after genetic counselling for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC; (2 associations between sociodemographic, clinical and psychosocial factors and levels of distress; (3 the impact of genetic counselling on family relationships, and (4 social consequences of genetic counselling. Methods In this cross-sectional study, individuals who had received genetic counselling for HNPCC during 1986–1998 completed a self-report questionnaire by mail. Results 116 individuals (81% response rate completed the questionnaire, on average 4 years after the last counselling session. Of all respondents, 6% had clinically significant levels of cancer-specific distress (Impact of Event Scale, IES. Having had contact with a professional psychosocial worker for cancer risk in the past 10 years was significantly associated with higher levels of current cancer specific distress. Only a minority of the counselees reported any adverse effects of genetic counselling on: communication about genetic counselling with their children (9%, family relationships (5%, obtaining life insurance (8%, choice or change of jobs (2%, and obtaining a mortgage (2%. Conclusion On average, four years after genetic counselling for HNPCC, only a small minority of counselled individuals reports clinically significant levels of distress, or significant family or social problems.

  1. Digital Interactive Narrative Tools for Facilitating Communication with Children During Counseling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baceviciute, Sarune; Albæk, Katharina R.R.; Arsovski, Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore the means by which state-of-the-art knowledge on children counseling techniques can be combined with digital interactive narrative tools to facilitate communication with children during counseling sessions. The field of “narrative play therapy” could profit from...... an adult professional counselor (or therapists) needs to establish a trustful and efficient communication with children. Furthermore, the tool was specifically customized to pediatric audiology counseling. Our evaluation shows that the tool maintains the centrality of the child‟s perspective thanks...

  2. Technology Guidance and Counselling: Implementation Theory in Practice, Development and Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susanto, Eko; Novitasari, Yuni

    2014-01-01

    This article is a testimony of the results of practical experience and literacy studies on group counseling and group counseling. Since 1905 as the beginning of develop the group acknowledged that the approach is often effective to create an atmosphere that therapy can help people solve problems. Not only that certain groups are also often used…

  3. Counseling cancer patients on complementary and alternative medicine. Background, theory, and implementation of nationwide counseling facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hübner, J; Muenstedt, K; Muecke, R; Micke, O; Stoll, C; Kleeberg, U R; Buentzel, J; Dennert, G; Prott, F J

    2013-08-01

    Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is of high relevance in oncology. Only a minority of professionals feel competent in CAM. Our aim was to provide a strategy for establishing evidence-based counseling on CAM in oncology in the German health system. We performed a systematic search of the literature on patient counseling concerning CAM. Of 811 articles identified in this search 51 met our inclusion criteria. Data from these articles were analyzed and adapted to the needs of German patients by a group of experts of the DEGRO ("Deutschen Gesellschaft für Radioonkologie") and the German Cancer Society. In the next step a strategy about how to integrate evidence-based counseling on CAM at cancer centers and oncological institutions was developed. First, evidence-based recommendations on CAM counseling were derived. The core of our strategy combines two levels of information provision: level 1 will be oncologists, radiotherapists and other specialists and level 2 oncological CAM experts. The latter group will serve as trainers and backup for complicated or advanced questions and for individual counseling of patients with complex needs. Professionals in level 1 will be offered special training. Evidence-based counseling on CAM is not only possible but also mandatory in order to meet patient information needs. Our proposal would allow for integrated counseling available at all oncological institutions and guarantee a high quality. Furthermore, provision of information on two different levels allows the effective use of resources (manpower and financing).

  4. Effect of Group Counseling on Rural Junior High School Boarding Students’ School Adaption%团体辅导对农村初中寄宿生学校适应性影响的实验研究--以山西省晋中市榆次区某农村寄宿制中学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    智银利; 冯翠仙

    2015-01-01

    To explore the effect of group psychological counseling on rural junior middle school boarding students’ school adaptation, 60 boarding students of a rural junior middle school were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. Group counseling was conducted on the experimental group for 8 weeks, while the control group did not receive any psychological intervention. The article uses the survey on the students’ living situations and the students’ behavior scale to evaluate. The results showed that the scores of school life adaptation had no significant difference between experimental group and control group, whereas the school life adjustment total scores and the academic, conventional, teacher-student relationship, peer relationship and self acceptance factor scores were higher than that of control group after group counseling, so the difference reached significant level (P<0.05,P<0.01, P<0.001).Conclusion: group psychological counseling significantly improved junior high students’ school adaption level of rural boarding schools, which is the effective way to carry out school adaptation education of rural boarding junior middle school.%本研究旨在探讨团体心理辅导对农村初中寄宿生学校适应性的影响。将某农村初中60名寄宿生随机分成实验组和对照组,对实验组进行为期8周的团体辅导,对照组不接受任何心理干预。采用学生在校生活状况问卷———在校行为子量表进行前后测评,结果表明:团体辅导前,实验组与对照组寄宿生学校适应性得分无显著差异;团体辅导后,实验组寄宿生学校生活适应总分及常规、师生关系、同学关系、自我接纳因子分均高于控制组,组间差异达到显著水平。结论:团体辅导对农村初中寄宿生的学校适应水平的提升有明显的干预效果,是农村寄宿制初中开展学校适应性教育的有效方式。

  5. Teaching statistics to medical undergraduates using interactive and participatory sessions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THULASINGAM MAHALAKSHMY

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In India, medical undergraduates think that statistics is difficult to understand. Often, it is taught just before final assessment examination using didactic lectures, with little use of medical examples and less focus on application. Hence, we prepared interactive, participatory sessions for teaching biostatistics to medical undergraduate. Methods: The sessions were delivered by a facilitator. It had clearly specified objectives and teaching learning strategies. A needs assessment was done by interviewing the students who had undergone traditional biostatistics teaching methodology. Specific learning objectives for the sessions were finalized using the Delphi technique and review of University syllabus. Two trained Community Medicine faculties designed the lesson plans ‘backwards’ from desired outcome to content, teaching/learning strategies, assessment and evaluation process (Outcomes-based lesson planning. Forty, third-semester (Para-clinical phase of the second year medical undergraduates undertook these seven teaching sessions. The session followed adult learning principles and included group discussions, games and reflections. We evaluated the impact of the sessions using in-depth interviews, retrospective post-then-preself- assessment and a pre-announced written test. Results: With traditional statistics teaching methodology, students perceived it as a standalone subject and were not interested in statistics. Students who underwent the sessions commented that the sessions were enjoyable, interesting, and participatory and more than %90 of them felt they were engaged throughout the session. They also narrated various instances where they could apply the biostatistics learning. In the post-then-pre-assessment median post-session scores for all the objectives were significantly higher (p <0.050. Conclusion: Use of interactive, participatory sessions for teaching biostatistics to medical undergraduates resulted in a

  6. Functional hoarseness in children: short-term play therapy with family dynamic counseling as therapy of choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kollbrunner, Jürg; Seifert, Eberhard

    2013-09-01

    Children with nonorganic voice disorders (NVDs) are treated mainly using direct voice therapy techniques such as the accent method or glottal attack changes and indirect methods such as vocal hygiene and voice education. However, both approaches tackle only the symptoms and not etiological factors in the family dynamics and therefore often enjoy little success. The aim of the "Bernese Brief Dynamic Intervention" (BBDI) for children with NVD was to extend the effectiveness of pediatric voice therapies with a psychosomatic concept combining short-term play therapy with the child and family dynamic counseling of the parents. This study compares the therapeutic changes in three groups where different procedures were used, before intervention and 1 year afterward: counseling of parents (one to two consultations; n = 24), Brief Dynamic Intervention on the lines of the BBDI (three to five play therapy sessions with the child plus two to four sessions with the parents; n = 20), and traditional voice therapy (n = 22). A Voice Questionnaire for Parents developed by us with 59 questions to be answered on a four-point Likert scale was used to measure the change. According to the parents' assessment, a significant improvement in voice quality was achieved in all three methods. Counseling of parents (A) appears to have led parents to give their child more latitude, for example, they stopped nagging the child or demanding that he/she should behave strictly by the rules. After BBDI (B), the mothers were more responsive to their children's wishes and the children were more relaxed and their speech became livelier. At home, they called out to them less often at a distance, which probably improved parent-child dialog. Traditional voice therapy (C) seems to have had a positive effect on the children's social competence. BBDI seems to have the deepest, widest, and therefore probably the most enduring therapeutic effect on children with NVD.

  7. Goal setting and lifestyle changes in a nurse-led counselling programme for leg ulcer patients: an explorative analysis of nursing records.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Glind, I.M. van de; Heinen, M.M.; Evers, A.W.; Achterberg, T. van

    2015-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe goals set in individual nurse-led lifestyle counselling sessions in leg ulcer patients, and to explore patient and goal characteristics in relation to health behaviour change. BACKGROUND: Goal setting is increasingly used in nurse-led counselling programmes, but the

  8. Midwives’ perceptions of communication during videotaped counseling for prenatal anomaly tests: How do they relate to clients’ perceptions and independent observations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, L.; Gitsels-van der Wal, J.T.; Pereboom, M.T.R.; Spelten, E.R.; Hutton, E.K.; Dulmen, S. van

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to provide insight into Dutch midwives’ self-evaluation of prenatal counseling for anomaly screening in real life practice and, the degree of congruence of midwives’ self-assessments with clients’ perceptions and with observed performance. Methods: Counseling sessions wer

  9. Midwives' perceptions of communication during videotaped counseling for prenatal anomaly tests: how do they relate to clients' perceptions and independent observations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, L.; Gistels-van der Wal, J.T.; Pereboom, M.T.; Spelten, E.R.; Hutton, E.K.; Dulmen, A.M. van

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide insight into Dutch midwives' self-evaluation of prenatal counseling for anomaly screening in real life practice and, the degree of congruence of midwives' self-assessments with clients' perceptions and with observed performance. METHODS: Counseling sessions wer

  10. Sessions and Separability in Security Protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carbone, Marco; Guttman, Joshua

    2013-01-01

    Despite much work on sessions and session types in non- adversarial contexts, session-like behavior given an active adversary has not received an adequate definition and proof methods. We provide a syntactic property that guarantees that a protocol has session-respecting executions. Any uncomprom......Despite much work on sessions and session types in non- adversarial contexts, session-like behavior given an active adversary has not received an adequate definition and proof methods. We provide a syntactic property that guarantees that a protocol has session-respecting executions. Any......- work, and gives a general pattern for reasoning about independence....

  11. The Rate and Shape of Change in Binge Eating Episodes and Weight: An Effectiveness Trial of Emotionally Focused Group Therapy for Binge-Eating Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compare, Angelo; Tasca, Giorgio A

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the phases of change and the relationship between binge eating (BE) episodes and weight across 20 weeks of emotionally focused group therapy (EFGT) and combined therapy (CT) of EFGT plus dietary counselling for BE disorder. We used a non-randomized observational study design that included 118 obese adult patients with BE disorder who were treated by manualized therapy protocols. Participants were assigned to treatment condition (EFGT or CT) based on consensus among clinicians. Participants were assessed weekly during the 20 weeks of therapy for weight and BE episodes and at pre-treatment and 6 months post-treatment. Binge eating episodes and weight significantly declined during EFGT and CT. Compared with EFGT, CT resulted in more rapid weight loss across weeks of therapy. BE episodes and weight significantly covaried, and their positive association increased as sessions progressed. Change in BE episodes and weight during treatment was best modelled by a cubic growth curve showing a slow rate of change in early sessions, a faster rate of change in middle sessions and a slower rate of change in late sessions. This cubic modelling of change was associated with better outcomes 6 months post-treatment. Cubic modelling of change supported a three-stage model of EFGT and CT, and the cubic trajectory was associated with better outcomes at follow-up. The addition of dietary counselling to EFGT resulted in earlier response to treatment in terms of BE episodes and weight among those in the CT condition. Decline in binge eating (BE) episodes is related to decline in weight, and this relationship was greater towards the end of treatment. Emotionally focused group therapy plus dietary counselling that targets both affect regulation and nutritional problems resulted in faster rate of response early in treatment both in terms of BE episodes and weight. Combined emotionally focused group therapy and dietary counselling may provide clinicians with an

  12. Effect of a yoga practice session and a yoga theory session on state anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telles, Shirley; Gaur, Vaishali; Balkrishna, Acharya

    2009-12-01

    Yoga techniques practiced for varying durations have been shown to reduce state anxiety. In this study, there were 300 naive-to-yoga persons of both sexes who were attending a yoga therapy center in north India for stress relief as day visitors and were not residing at the center. They were assigned to two groups, yoga practice and yoga theory, and their state anxiety was assessed before and after a 2-hr. yoga session. A significant reduction in scores on state anxiety was found in the yoga practice group (14.7% decrease), as well as in the yoga theory group (3.4% decrease). The difference in scores following the sessions was statistically significant. Hence, yoga practice as well as learning about theoretical aspects of yoga appear to reduce state anxiety, with a greater reduction following yoga practice.

  13. Poster Session C

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    , and other important biological processes. Yet, these too go undetected in bottom-up proteomics searches because of problems with high false discovery rates (FDRs) when variable modifications are allowed during database searching. We address these two fundamental shortcomings of bottom-up proteomics peptide identifications with two recently developed software tools that expand the coverage and improve the specificity of peptide identification. The first software tool consists of workflows in Galaxy that mine RNA sequencing data from the sample of interest to generate sample-specific protein sequence databases containing sequence variations and previously unknown splice junctions. The second software tool applies a new strategy for comprehensive identification of protein PTMs in a single-pass database search. This Global Post-Translational Modification (G-PTM) search strategy alters the variable modification approach to consider only previously curated PTMs at specific amino acid residue positions. The “variable” aspect of these searches allows for the presence or absence of the PTM at that specific residue, thereby avoiding the huge increase in possibilities that traditionally leads to high FDRs for PTM searches. We applied both of these software tools to analyze comprehensive bottom-up proteomics data from 10 human cell lines. RNA-Seq data from each cell line was used to create a sample-specific search database unique to each sample. Mass spectra were kindly provided by the Mann group and were searched against these databases using the search algorithm Morpheus. We found on average from each cell line that about 0.5% (225) of all unique peptides contained a single amino acid polymorphism and about 0.15% (75) of all unique peptides crossed novel splice junctions. We also identified on average from each cell line over 1000 unique PTM peptides arising from 39 different types of posttranslational modifications. This study reports the extensive proteomic variation

  14. The effectiveness of telephone counselling and internet- and text-message-based support for smoking cessation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov-Ettrup, Lise S; Dalum, Peter; Bech, Mickael

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To compare the effectiveness of proactive telephone counselling, reactive telephone counselling and an internet- and text messages-based intervention with a self-help booklet for smoking cessation. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with equal allocation to four conditions: 1) Proactive...... telephone counselling (n=452), 2) Reactive telephone counselling (n=453), 3) Internet- and text-message-based intervention (n=453), 4) Self-help booklet (control) (n=452) SETTING: Denmark PARTICIPANTS: Smokers who had previously participated in two national health surveys were invited. Eligibility criteria...... counselling group compared with the booklet group (7.3% vs. 3.6%, OR=2.2 (95% CI 1.2-4.0)), There was no clear evidence of a difference in prolonged abstinence between the reactive telephone counselling group or the internet-based smoking cessation program and the booklet group: 1.8% vs. 3.6%, OR=0.8 (95% CI...

  15. 38 CFR 21.3102 - Required counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Required counseling. 21.... Chapter 35 Counseling § 21.3102 Required counseling. (a) Child. The VA counseling psychologist will provide counseling and assist in preparing the educational plan only if the eligible child or his or...

  16. 38 CFR 21.7100 - Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling. 21.7100... Bill-Active Duty) Counseling § 21.7100 Counseling. A veteran or servicemember may receive counseling from VA before beginning training and during training. (a) Purpose. The purpose of counseling is (1)...

  17. 校贫困生团体辅导对高自尊水平的干预效果--以丽水学院为例%School students group counseling intervention effect of high level of self-esteem--take Lishui College for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶洋

    2015-01-01

    为了研究进行团体辅导会对贫困大学生自尊产生怎样的干预效果,我们采用设计好的进行团体辅导的方案,从丽水学院中挑选出一批家庭经济困难的大学生,对他们进行一周一次,总共八周的团体辅导干预,然后通过分析,对干预的效果进行专业的评估。研究的结果表示,通过团体的辅导,贫困大学生们的自尊水平确实有所提高,对于改善交际的方式、增强情绪体验、提高领悟水平等方面也有明显的作用。团体辅导的这种方法对于贫困生改善自尊有着长期的作用。%In order to study the group counseling intervention effect of poor college students' self-esteem, we adopt good program design, selected a group of family economic difficulties students from Lishui college, carry on once a week, a total of eight weeks’ group counseling intervention, then analysis and professional assessment of the effects of intervention. The results of the study, said through group counseling, the poor college students have better self-esteem level, to improve the communication way, strengthen the emotional experience, improve the level of understanding, etc have obvious effect. Group guidance of this kind of method for poor students improve self-esteem has a long-term effect.

  18. Effectiveness of counseling for anxiety and depression in mothers of children ages 0-30 months by community workers in Karachi, Pakistan: a quasi experimental study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Iqbal S

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The prevalence of anxiety/depression is quite high during the perinatal period but unfortunately its detection and treatment have been less than satisfactory. Moreover, many women are reluctant to take pharmacotherapy for fear of excretion of drugs into their breast milk. This study assesses the effectiveness of counseling from minimally trained community health workers in reducing anxiety/depression, the rate of recurrence and the interval preceding recurrence in women during first two and a half years after childbirth. Methods In a quasi-experimental study, community women from two under-privileged communities were trained in data gathering, teaching healthy child-rearing practices, basic counseling skills, and screening for anxiety/depression by using an indigenously developed questionnaire, the Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS. The diagnosis was further confirmed by a clinical psychologist using DSM IV criteria. After obtaining consent, 420 women were screened and 102 were identified as having anxiety/depression. Screening was carried out after 1, 2, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 months of a live birth. Only 62 out of 102 agreed to be counseled and received eight weekly sessions. AKUADS was re-administered at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the beginning of counseling; this was followed by the clinical psychologist's interview for confirmation of response. After recovery, screening was continued every 3 months for detection of recurrence throughout the study period. Out of the women who had declined counseling 12 agreed to retake AKUADS after 4 and 8 weeks of diagnosis. Independent samples t-test, chi-square test, Repeated Measures ANOVA and Kaplan Meier technique were used for the analysis. Results A significant decline in level of anxiety/depression was found in both the counseled and the non-counseled groups at 4 and 8 weeks (p-value Conclusions As our results cannot be generalized; further studies need to be

  19. The Application of Group Psychological Counseling Tech-nology in the Career Education and Teaching of Universi-ty Students%团体心理辅导技术在大学生职业生涯教育教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚宇红

    2014-01-01

    随着时代的发展,高校职业生涯教育的刚性需求不断增加,为了充分发挥职业生涯教育教学的作用,满足学生的实际需求,团体心理辅导作为一种有效的心理辅导教学手段,运用于大学生职业生涯教育教学中。课程教师要理解和掌握基本的心理咨询理论与技术,优化教学内容,熟悉掌握教学程序,注重调动学生参与教学的积极性。%With the development of the times, the rigid demand for university career education is continuously increased. In order to give full play to the role of career education teaching and meet students' actual needs, group psychological counseling, as an ef-fective psychological counseling means, is applied to the career education and teaching of university students. The responsible teachers should understand and master basic psychological counseling theories and techniques, optimize teaching contents, be familiar with teaching procedures, and pay attention to the motivation of students' enthusiasm in participating in teaching.

  20. How to maintain equity and objectivity in assessing the communication skills in a large group of student nurses during a long examination session, using the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagnasco, Annamaria; Tolotti, Angela; Pagnucci, Nicola; Torre, Giancarlo; Timmins, Fiona; Aleo, Giuseppe; Sasso, Loredana

    2016-03-01

    While development, testing, and innovation of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) are common in the international literature, studies from the United States of America (USA), Australia, and the United Kingdom (UK) predominate. There is little known about OSCE use in European countries, such as Italy, where other than cost analysis, there is little reporting of OSCE use or validation. This paper reports on one Italian initiative, which evaluated the equity and objectivity of the OSCE method of assessing communication skills. An OSCE method was used to assess the communication skills of first-year students of the Degree Course in Nursing. A method of simulation was implemented through role-playing with standardized patients. An observational method was used to collect data. Four hundred and twenty-one first-year undergraduate nursing students at one university site in Italy took part. Ten examination sessions were carried out. The students' performances were assessed by two examiners who used a structured observation grid and conducted their assessment separately. A situation simulated by four nurses with experience as actors was used as the topic for the students' examination. Calculation of the daily rate of students who passed the examination revealed a random distribution over time. The nonparametric correlation indexes referring to the assessments and to the scores assigned by the two examiners proved statistically significant (P≤0.001). The study confirmed the validity of the OSCE method in ensuring equity and objectivity of communication skills assessment in a large population of nursing students for the purpose of certification throughout the duration of the examination. This has important implications for nurse education and practice as the extent to which OSCE approaches, while deemed objective, are culturally sensitive or valid and reliable across cultures is not clear. This is something that requires further research and examination in