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Sample records for gros disques durs

  1. 42 CFR 456.716 - DUR Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... most effectively lead to improvement in the quality of drug therapy. The DUR board recommendations must... review, evaluation, and intervention. (4) Medical quality assurance. (b) Board composition. At least one... predetermined standards that pharmacies not using approved software must use in conducting prospective DUR. (2...

  2. Constituents from Bupleurum montanum (Coss. & Dur. (Apiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Benahmed

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Bupleurum montanum (Coss. & Dur. (Apiaceae afforded five compounds, quercitin 1, tamarexetin 2, isorhamnetin-3-rutinoside 3, kaempferol-3-O-β-rutinoside 4, and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (Protocatechuic acid 5. The structural elucidation was performed mainly by MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectrum data.

  3. Musique et référentialité sur les titres des disques Blue Note

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Carrard

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Les titres qui figurent sur la pochette des disques de la marque Blue Note peuvent dénoter le contenu musical de l’album (Boogie-Woogie Classics, le connoter (Blue Hour ou fonctionner strictement comme index (Speak No Evil. Quelle que soit leur valeur précise, ces titres permettent de revisiter un problème maintes fois soulevé par les musicologues et les sémioticiens: celui de savoir si la musique « réfère », et à quoi. Dans le cas des disques Blue Note, la question se pose d’une manière particulièrement aiguë à propos de certains enregistrements des années 1960, dont les titres (It’s Time, Right Now, Let Freedom Ring, etc. peuvent référer aux structures du jazz ou à la situation des noirs dans la société américaine, qu’il s’agit tous deux de transformer dans le sens d’une liberté accrue.The titles on the jackets of the records of the label Blue Note can denote the musical content of the album (Boogie-Woogie Classics, connote it (Blue Hour, or function strictly as indexes (Speak No Evil. Whatever their exact value might be, those titles make it possible to revisit a problem frequently raised in semiotics and musicology: the problem of knowing whether music « refers », and to what exactly. The question is especially acute in the case of some of the records released by Blue Note in the1960s, whose titles (It’s Time, Right Now, Let Freedom Ring may refer to musical structures or to the situation of African-Americans in American sociey, which have both to be changed in the sense of more freedom.

  4. The effect of the introduction of a nationwide DUR system where local DUR systems are operating--The Korean experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ju-Hyun; Kim, Mira; Park, Young-Taek; Lee, Eui-Kyung; Jung, Chai Young; Kim, Sukil

    2015-11-01

    Outpatient clinics in Korea usually have local DUR (drug utilisation review) systems, which are integrated with EMRs or health insurance claims submission systems. Whenever, the government announces a list of drug contraindications, each local DUR system loads the list and applies it in practice. In December 2010, a nationwide DUR system was introduced. This study is to investigate the impact of the nationwide DUR system on prescribing practices where local DUR systems are already operating. Between January 2009 and December 2012 the monthly number of drugs per prescription was retrieved from the health insurance claims data warehouse at the Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA). The monthly proportions of 3 DDI (drug-drug interaction) pairs, 6 drug-age contraindications, and 3 drug-pregnancy contraindications from January 2007 to December 2012, at the outpatient clinic level, were also retrieved. An interrupted time series analysis was used for controlling government announcements of drug contraindications. There was no difference in the number of drugs per prescription before and after the introduction of the nationwide DUR system. Most proportions of the 3 DDI pairs, 6 drug-age contraindications, and 3 drug-pregnancy contraindications, were significantly reduced following the government announcement of drug contraindications in the short term and/or long term. The number of drugs per prescription was not related to the nationwide DUR introduction in places where local DUR systems are operating. The introduction of duplicate guidelines, in locations where the guidelines were already well followed, is considered to be the main reason for this. Furthermore, the Doctor's ignorance of alerts, and their continued substitution of regulated drugs, for non-regulated drugs, likely played a role in nullifying the effectiveness of the nationwide DUR system. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61 (Kadenz: Alfred Schnittke). Romanzen für Violine und Orchester op. 40 und 50. Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer". Globe GLO 5155, distribution Talis (CD:153F). 1996. TT:1h 01'56"

  6. Disque denúncia como fonte de informações para análises criminais na Região Metropolitana de Salvador 2006-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Portella, Daniel Deivson Alves

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: O tráfico de drogas pode ser considerado como um dos fatores determinantes para o aumento de homicídios nas metrópoles e nas regiões metropolitanas. A grande frequência de crimes contribuiu para que a população passasse a fazer denúncias anônimas sobre os fatos criminosos através do programa Disque Denúncia,implantado na Bahia desde 2005. Objetivos: Analisar o Disque Denúncia como fonte de informações para análises criminais na Região Metropolitana de Salvador (RMS) de 2006-2011 e...

  7. The novel Candida albicans transporter Dur31 Is a multi-stage pathogenicity factor.

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    François L Mayer

    Full Text Available Candida albicans is the most frequent cause of oral fungal infections. However, the exact pathogenicity mechanisms that this fungus employs are largely unknown and many of the genes expressed during oral infection are uncharacterized. In this study we sought to functionally characterize 12 previously unknown function genes associated with oral candidiasis. We generated homozygous knockout mutants for all 12 genes and analyzed their interaction with human oral epithelium in vitro. Eleven mutants caused significantly less epithelial damage and, of these, deletion of orf19.6656 (DUR31 elicited the strongest reduction in pathogenicity. Interestingly, DUR31 was not only involved in oral epithelial damage, but in multiple stages of candidiasis, including surviving attack by human neutrophils, endothelial damage and virulence in vivo. In silico analysis indicated that DUR31 encodes a sodium/substrate symporter with 13 transmembrane domains and no human homologue. We provide evidence that Dur31 transports histatin 5. This is one of the very first examples of microbial driven import of this highly cytotoxic antimicrobial peptide. Also, in contrast to wild type C. albicans, dur31Δ/Δ was unable to actively increase local environmental pH, suggesting that Dur31 lies in the extracellular alkalinization hyphal auto-induction pathway; and, indeed, DUR31 was required for morphogenesis. In agreement with this observation, dur31Δ/Δ was unable to assimilate the polyamine spermidine.

  8. The Novel Candida albicans Transporter Dur31 Is a Multi-Stage Pathogenicity Factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, François L.; Wilson, Duncan; Jacobsen, Ilse D.; Miramón, Pedro; Große, Katharina; Hube, Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    Candida albicans is the most frequent cause of oral fungal infections. However, the exact pathogenicity mechanisms that this fungus employs are largely unknown and many of the genes expressed during oral infection are uncharacterized. In this study we sought to functionally characterize 12 previously unknown function genes associated with oral candidiasis. We generated homozygous knockout mutants for all 12 genes and analyzed their interaction with human oral epithelium in vitro. Eleven mutants caused significantly less epithelial damage and, of these, deletion of orf19.6656 (DUR31) elicited the strongest reduction in pathogenicity. Interestingly, DUR31 was not only involved in oral epithelial damage, but in multiple stages of candidiasis, including surviving attack by human neutrophils, endothelial damage and virulence in vivo. In silico analysis indicated that DUR31 encodes a sodium/substrate symporter with 13 transmembrane domains and no human homologue. We provide evidence that Dur31 transports histatin 5. This is one of the very first examples of microbial driven import of this highly cytotoxic antimicrobial peptide. Also, in contrast to wild type C. albicans, dur31Δ/Δ was unable to actively increase local environmental pH, suggesting that Dur31 lies in the extracellular alkalinization hyphal auto-induction pathway; and, indeed, DUR31 was required for morphogenesis. In agreement with this observation, dur31Δ/Δ was unable to assimilate the polyamine spermidine. PMID:22438810

  9. Medical miracles and the longue durée.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffin, Jacalyn

    2005-01-01

    The hematologist-historian author became interested in the nature 'medical miracles', following a request to write a report on a set of bone marrows that was sent to the Vatican as a possible miracle cure in a cause for canonization. She questioned the prevalence of medical miracles, their structure, and relationship to other 'official' miracles that are recognized by the Church. Evidence was drawn from a variety of sources: oral testimony of pilgrims at feast day celebrations, ex voto paintings, and 160 miracle files in 67 canonization records of the Vatican Archives. Some changes can be detected through time, but the results also testify to remarkable longue durée in the healing experience: the patterns of suffering and despair, the gestures of pleading, the presence of beds and dreams, the astonishment of the caregivers, and above all the simultaneous recourse to medicine and religion both.

  10. Kalinnikov: Sinfonie Nr.2 A-Dur, Ouvertüre Zar Boris / Hanspeter Krellmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krellmann, Hanspeter

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Kalinnikov: Sinfonie Nr.2 A-Dur, Ouvertüre Zar Boris, Die Zeder und die Palme. Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi" (AD: 1989) Chandos / Koch Records CD 8805 (WD: 59'40") DDD

  11. Hydrological survey and modeling of a landslide in Borgata Gros (Bussoleno, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pognant, Davide; Canone, Davide; Previati, Maurizio; Bevilacqua, Ivan

    2010-05-01

    The instability of the slopes is a problem of major concern in the mountain areas. The aim of this work is the individuation of the depth of soil layers with low safety coefficient (Fs), through the evaluation of the Infinity slope stability under steady unsaturated seepage conditions model proposed by Ning Lu and Jonathan Godt (2008), employing an experimental dataset. The infinite slope stability under steady unsaturated conditions proposed by Lu and Godt, (2008) is a model that simulates the soil behavior during precipitations in function of hydrological and physical parameters of soil, such as porosity, texture, bulk density and hydraulic conductivity. The data were collected on a landslide in Borgata Gros (Bussoleno, Torino) originated during the flood occurred in Northern Italy in the Autumn 2000. The intense and abundant precipitations caused the erosion of a big part of the top soil and the detachment of a landslide in correspondence of the change of inclination in a meadow facing Borgata Gros. The land slide interested an area of 10000 m2, with a volume of material estimated in 8000-9000 m3. Field infiltration tests were performed on 15 stations and soil samples were collected for the determination of the physical properties of the soil. Furthermore a campaign of water contents measurements by TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) was performed from May to October 2008. A total of 45 TDR probes were installed on the land slide area. Each station is composed by three vertically installed probes with length of 15 cm, 30 cm and 60 cm. The hydraulic conductivity was calculated fitting the measured infiltrations rates and water content data on the Green and Ampt (1911) infiltration model. The Lu and Godt, (2008) model has been programmed to show the trend of Fs for five values of steady infiltration. Four of them were referred to precipitations of different intensity taken by the meteorological station of Bussoleno, and the fifth value was imposed equal to a

  12. Reconsidering American Indian historical trauma: lessons from an early Gros Ventre war narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gone, Joseph P

    2014-06-01

    Professional clinicians and human services providers are increasingly attributing the mental health problems of American Indians (AIs) to historical trauma (HT). As an alternative to established psychiatric disorders, AI HT was formulated to explain enduring mental health disparities as originating in tribal experiences of Euro-American colonization. As a result, AI HT has been described as the collective, cumulative, and intergenerational psychosocial disability resulting from massive group-based oppression, such as forced relocation, political subjugation, cultural domination, and genocide. One objective of the HT construct is to frame AI distress and dysfunction in social and historical terms. Given widespread indigenous experiences of colonization, the debilitating effects of HT are presumed to affect most AI communities today. With this background in mind, I explore AI HT with specific reference to a "war narrative" obtained by an anthropologist in 1901 from an elderly Gros Ventre woman. In this account, Watches All described her participation in a historic intertribal battle, and her subsequent captivity and escape from the enemy during the late 1860s. This historical narrative references many first-hand experiences that would today be identified as traumatogenic. Interestingly, however, this account complicates several assumptions underlying AI HT, leading to vexing questions of whether Watches All's ordeal actually qualifies as an instance of AI HT. No matter how one answers these questions, such ambiguity highlights serious theoretical confusions requiring elaboration and refinement if AI HT is to remain a useful construct in the behavioral health sciences. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  13. PEMIKIRAN GUS DUR TENTANG PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL

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    LukLuk Nur Mufidah

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Education which emphasized on cognition domain should be changed by balancing it with skills (psychomotor and attitudes (affective. It is intended that education is able to produce savvy generations who have high moral standards. To that end, KH Abdurrahman Wahid -or better known as Gus Dur- had a concept of character building in education by promoting morality in education. Character building in education is the education which is based on local wisdom. Local wisdom is social norms and values contained in tradition and customs as well as in Islamic teachings that govern how a balance should be established between carrying capacity of the natural environment, lifestyle, and the needs of human beings. In the language of Gus Dur, local wisdom was called the indigenization of Islam in which the teachings of Islam and local traditions were used as a moral basis in the real life of people. Because the cultivation of moral values could be done through education, the local wisdom should be the basic concept of education process. Customs become an integral part in daily life, while religion becomes a way of life to conform to the guidance of Allah. Local wisdom formed from local traditions and locality of religious teachings was able to provide life lessons that were useful for the development process of maturity through the educational process.           الملخص: إن التربية المفضّلة الجانب المعرفي – كما يقع الآن -  لابد من تركها، ويكون البديل هو الموازنة بين الجانب المعرفي والجانب النفسحركي والمهني. والهدف من هذا تخريج الطلاب أو الأجيال الأذكياء المتأدّبين المتخلّقين. وفي هذا كان لكياهي الحاج عبد الرحمن وحيد المعروف بغوسدور فكرة عن التربية الخلقية وهي التربية التي

  14. Stenhammer, Wilhelm. sinfonien Nr. 1 F-Dur und Nr. 2 g-Moll op. 34, Excelsior! op. 13, Serenade F-Dur op. 31. Sinfonieorchester Göteborg, Neeme Järvi / Andreas K. W. Meyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meyer, Andreas K. W.

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Stenhammer, Wilhelm. sinfonien Nr. 1 F-Dur und Nr. 2 g-Moll op. 34, Excelsior! op. 13, Serenade F-Dur op. 31. Sinfonieorchester Göteborg, Neeme Järvi". DG 2 CD 445857-2 (WD: 138'37")

  15. Mahler: Sinfonie Nr. 8 Es-Dur (Sinfonie der Tausend) / Norbert Rüdell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüdell, Norbert

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Mahler: Sinfonie Nr. 8 Es-Dur (Sinfonie der Tausend). Estonian Boys' Choir, Brunnsbo Children's Choir, Gothenburg Opera Chorus, Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Choir, Gothenburg Symphony Chorus, Gothenburg Opera Chorus, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. BIS/Disco-Center CD 700 (WD:72'18")

  16. O Cidadão e a Ouvidoria Geral do SUS: Análise das Demandas Protocoladas no Disque Saúde em 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Lucena THEOPHILO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Numa gestão democrática participativa, a Ouvidoria aparece com um espaço de escuta dos cidadãos, assim este trabalho apresenta uma análise das demandas protocoladas no Disque Saúde, um setor do departamento da Ouvidoria Geral do SUS, responsável em atender os cidadãos para disseminar informações de saúde e também registrar reclamações, elogios, denúncias e sugestões. Através de uma pesquisa quali-quantitativa, foi utilizado na coleta de dados, procedimentos de pesquisa documental e bibliográfica. Concluindo que a importância da participação cidadã consolida cada vez mais a gestão a fim de tornar as politicas públicas em saúde mais efetivas. ABSTRACT In a democratic participatory management, the Ombudsman appears with a space for listening to the citizens. This paper presents an analysis of the claims filed in the “Disque Saúde”, a sector of the Ombudsman Department of SUS that is responsible to attended citizens. This Departament disseminates health information and also registers complaints and suggestions. It was made a qualitative and quantitative research by a collecting data, researching procedures and documenting literature. Concluding that the importance of citizen participation consolidates increasingly managing to make public health policies more effective. RESUMEN En una gestión participativa democrática, el Defensor del Pueblo aparece con un espacio para escuchar a los ciudadanos, por lo que este artículo se presenta un análisis de las alegaciones presentadas en la Línea de la Salud, un sector del Departamento de Ombudsman SUS, ciudadanos responsables a servir en la difusión de información sobre la salud y también registrar quejas, felicitaciones, quejas y sugerencias. A través de un estudio cualitativo y cuantitativo se utilizó para recopilar datos, protocolos de investigación y la literatura documental. Concluyendo que la importancia de la participación ciudadana consolida cada vez m

  17. Urea retranslocation from senescing Arabidopsis leaves is promoted by DUR3-mediated urea retrieval from leaf apoplast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohner, Anne; Kojima, Soichi; Hajirezaei, Mohammad; Melzer, Michael; von Wirén, Nicolaus

    2015-01-01

    In plants, urea derives either from root uptake or protein degradation. Although large quantities of urea are released during senescence, urea is mainly seen as a short-lived nitrogen (N) catabolite serving urease-mediated hydrolysis to ammonium. Here, we investigated the roles of DUR3 and of urea in N remobilization. During natural leaf senescence urea concentrations and DUR3 transcript levels showed a parallel increase with senescence markers like ORE1 in a plant age- and leaf age-dependent manner. Deletion of DUR3 decreased urea accumulation in leaves, whereas the fraction of urea lost to the leaf apoplast was enhanced. Under natural and N deficiency-induced senescence DUR3 promoter activity was highest in the vasculature, but was also found in surrounding bundle sheath and mesophyll cells. An analysis of petiole exudates from wild-type leaves revealed that N from urea accounted for >13% of amino acid N. Urea export from senescent leaves further increased in ureG-2 deletion mutants lacking urease activity. In the dur3 ureG double insertion line the absence of DUR3 reduced urea export from leaf petioles. These results indicate that urea can serve as an early metabolic marker for leaf senescence, and that DUR3-mediated urea retrieval contributes to the retranslocation of N from urea during leaf senescence. PMID:25440717

  18. Substance and Sense: Objects of Power in the Life, Writings, and Legacy of the Tibetan Ritual Master Sog bzlog pa Blo gros rgyal mtshan

    OpenAIRE

    Gentry, James Duncan

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is a reflection upon objects of power and their roles in the lives of people through the lens of a single case example: power objects as they appear throughout the narrative, philosophical, and ritual writings of the Tibetan Buddhist ritual specialist Sog bzlog pa Blo gros rgyal mtshan (1552-1624) and his milieu. This study explores their discourse on power objects specifically for what it reveals about how human interactions with certain kinds of objects encourage the flow of po...

  19. Distribution des durées de séjour par Diagnosis Related Group

    OpenAIRE

    Eggli, Yves; Koehn, Véronique; Paccaud, Fred; Moyard M. (Collab.),

    1988-01-01

    Ce cahier fournit les principales informations concernant les durées de séjour et le nombre de sorties observées dans 33 hôpitaux suisses pour l'années 1984. La description des clientèles hospitalières est fondée sur les "Diagnosis Related Groups" (DRG), qui forment une classification de 472 groupes de patients hospitalisés. [Auteurs, p. 1

  20. Drug utilisation review (DUR) of the third generation cephalosporins. Focus on ceftriaxone, ceftazidime and cefotaxime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adu, A; Armour, C L

    1995-09-01

    Six parenteral third generation cephalosporins have been introduced into clinical use in the past 10 years. The 3 most frequently available agents are cefotaxime, ceftriaxone and ceftazidime. These 3 third generation cephalosporins are characterised by a broad spectrum of activity and increased stability to beta-lactamases compared with the first and second generation cephalosporins. However, there are growing numbers of reports of resistance to these agents with increasing use. The major differences in the properties of the 3 agents are the long half-life of ceftriaxone and its dual route of elimination. Ceftazidime is best restricted to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections where other agents are contraindicated or ineffective. Cefotaxime and ceftriaxone can be used in nosocomial Gram-negative infections where P. aeruginosa can be ruled out. The types and incidences of adverse drug reactions are not different for the 3 agents. A number of drug utilisation review (DUR) studies of these agents in the hospital setting have reported a considerable incidence of inappropriate use and substantial avoidable costs. There are methodological problems with most of the DUR studies, especially the criteria and the methods of cost estimation. The use of pharmacoeconomic methodology could ensure more realistic cost estimation; however, outcome data are, in most cases, not available.

  1. Caracterización de harina y almidón de frutos de banano Gros Michel (Musa acuminata AAA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Montoya-López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio se determinaron las características fisicoquímicas, térmicas y reológicas de la harina y el almidón de frutos de banano Gros Michel (Musa acuminata cosechado en fincas del departamento del Quindío, Colombia. En el análisis proximal, la harina presentó un contenido de fibra de 18.82% y el almidón presentó contenidos de proteína de 1.92%, grasa de 5.3% y fibra de 2.76%. La harina presentó la temperatura más alta de absorción de calor (68.88 °C y su entalpía de gelatinización fue de 2.17 J/g; mientras que para el almidón estos valores fueron de 48.36 °C y 44.62 J/g, respectivamente. El análisis termogravimétrico (TGA de la harina o temperaturas en las cuales se registra la descomposición de carbohidratos (componentes de bajo peso molecular y polisacáridos (componentes de alto peso molecular fueron, respectivamente, de 284.51 °C y 470.42 °C; y para el almidón fueron de 307.51 °C y 500.46 °C. Los gránulos de almidón de banano tienen forma elipsoidal con un tamaño longitudinal promedio de 39.39 µm y tamaño transversal promedio de 29.47 µm. Los difractogramas de rayos X mostraron patrones de difracción tipo B. Los viscoamilogramas mostraron que para la harina la temperatura de inicio de gelatinización (Tg es de 76.3 °C, la viscosidad máxima de 1120 cP, y para el almidón la Tg fue de 70.75 °C y la viscosidad máxima de 2087 cP.

  2. Reflexiones sobre la actualidad del relativismo cultural: respuesta a Nicolás Sánchez Durá

    OpenAIRE

    Jacorzynski, Witold

    2013-01-01

    Este ensayo propone entablar una discusión con las tesis contenidas en el artículo de Nicolás Sánchez Durá, "Actualidad del relativismo cultural". En primer lugar, se analizan el etnocentrismo y el relativismo como dos respuestas éticas distintas al fenómeno de la diversidad cultural. En segundo lugar, se desarrollan la formulación del relativismo y el concepto de cultura propuestos por Sánchez Durá para analizarlos a la luz de la epistemología elaborada por el Wittgenstein tardío. En tercer ...

  3. Forms of Religious Glocalization: Orthodox Christianity in the Longue Durée

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    Victor Roudometof

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article advocates a “glocal turn” in the religion–globalization problematic. It proposes a model of multiple glocalizations in order to analyze the historically constituted relationship between world religions and local cultures. First, the conceptual evolution from globalization to glocalization is discussed with special reference to the study of the religion. Second, the necessity for adopting the perspective of the longue durée with regard to the study of Eastern Orthodox Christianity is explained. Third, an outline of four forms of religious glocalization is proposed. Each of these forms is presented both analytically as well as through examples from the history of Eastern Christianity (from the 8th to the 21st century. It is argued that this approach offers a model for analyzing the relation between religion, culture and society that does not succumb to the Western bias inherent in the conventional narrative of western modernization and secularization.

  4. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of essential oils of Deverra scoparia Coss. & Dur. (Apiaceae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hammoudi, R.; Dehak, K.; Hadj Mahammed, M.; Didi Ouldelhadj, M.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the chemical composition and to evaluate the antioxidant activity of the essential oils of the aerial part of the plant Deverra scoparia Coss. &Dur. The extraction of essential oils was carried out by hydrodistillation. The composition of essential oils was analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC and GC/MS). 22 constituents were identified, representing 84.63% of the essential oil. The major compounds are: α-bornyl acetate (31.99%) andα-pinene (12.05%). The study of the antioxidant power of these oils was performed by the method of DPPH and ABTS. The results showed that antioxidant activity of the Deverra scoparia essential oil wasmore effective than the two references tested,ascorbic acidand Trolox (author)

  5. Modificação do método de Bielschowsky-Gros para cortes em parafina

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    José Fernandez

    1958-03-01

    Full Text Available É proposta uma modificação para o método de Bielschowsky-Gros a ser aplicado em cortes em parafina, utilizável no estudo de terminações nervosas centrais e periféricas. O método é de manipulação fácil e executável em poucas horas, ao contrário da grande maioria de métodos de impregnação em cortes de parafina. A impregnação é precedida de preparador e de mordente e seguida por viragem em ouro. O preparador utilizado é a solução de formol a 2% neutralizada com carbonato de magnésio, adicionada ou não a sonifeno a 1% O emprêgo do sonifeno tem a vantagem de permtir impregnar mais vigorosamente as fibras e terminações nervosas e evitar ao máximo a impregnação das fibras conjuntivas, oferecendo perfeita limpeza da preparação. O mordente é constituído por uma solução recente de nitrato de prata a 10% na qual os cortes permanecem por tempo variável, sendo aconselhável, para a coloração do plexo simpático fundamental, permanência prolongada (cêrca de uma hora. A impregnação é feita em solução de óxido de prata amoniacal preparada como o recomenda Bielchowsky (solução de nitrato de prata a 10% acrescida de amoníaco até completa dissolução do precipitado formado, podendo ser substituída, com idênticos resultados, pelas soluções propostas por Rio-Hortega, Foot, Arteta e Jabonero. A viragem em ouro é feita utilizando a solução aconselhada por Castro (uma gota de ácido acético para cada 10ml de solução de cloreto de ouro amarelo a 1/600. Os resultados obtidos com o método proposto são satisfatórios. Conseguiu-se impregnar com perfeição neurônios do gânglio de Gasser; nas preparações com sonifeno, as fibras nervosas e os prolongamentos celulares apareciam perfeitamente impregnados e a preparação oferecia limpeza absoluta. No apêndice cecal as terminações nervosas resultavam perfeitamente impregnadas, contrastando, principalmente quando foi empregado o sonifeno, com os elementos

  6. R.H. Moreno-Durán: fantasía y verdad. Valoración múltiple

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo, Luz Mary; Espinosa, Germán; García Ponce, Juan; Restrepo Forero, Gabriel Adolfo; Jaramillo Zuluaga, Jaime Eduardo; Palacios Rozo, Marco Antonio; Gutiérrez Girardot, Rafael; Raymond L., Williams; Balza, José; Torres Duque, Óscar; Fajardo, Diógenes; Carandell, José María; Cohen, Marcelo; Olaciregui, Julio; Goloboff, Gerardo Mario

    2005-01-01

    Pocos escritores colombianos han explorado diversos géneros literarios con resultados satisfactorios; Moreno-Durán destaca en el panorama artístico de Colombia al cosechar logros en una amplia producción creativa que incluye novelas, cuentos, ensayos y en los últimos tiempos el teatro. / Contenido. Preliminares; Capítulo 1 - R.H. Moreno-Durán: a fondo; Capítulo 2 - R.H. Moreno-Durán: en breve; Anexos.

  7. Conditions for the Use of Ducts of Disc Geometry in MHD Conversion; Conditions d'Emploi des Tuyeres Disques en Conversion MHD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azalbert, J. P.; Zettwoog, P. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, Gif-Sur-Yvette (France)

    1966-11-15

    Laplace forces acting on the radial component of the current, fluid rotation was found to occur. It is shown that there is an initial velocity of rotation which optimizes the inlet conditions. . The above calculations presuppose that the electron density at the inlet corresponds to a regime in which the electric field is that of the inlet. This means assuming either that the ionization time is very short vis-a-vis the transit time, or that there is a suitably adapted pre-ionization device. Since the stability of MHD flows cannot be guaranteed beyond a certain critical value of the Hall parameter, the values of this parameter are given for each duct. (author) [French] Le memoire examine les conditions d'emploi des tuyeres disques pour la conversion par voie MHD de l'energie thermique contenue dans un gaz rare ensemence en cesium. On envisage des temperatures de sources.chaudes comprises entre 1600 Degree-Sign K et 2000 Degree-Sign K et des pressions d'helium ou d'argon allant de 1 a 50 bars. La temperature totale du gaz a la sortie de la MHD est fixee a 1250 Degree-Sign K, temperatures partir de laquelle le gaz peut etre pris en charge par des ensembles plus classiques. Pour chaque niveau de pression, on determine la puissance thermique a partir de laquelle les pertes entropiques visqueuses par unite de longueur de parois sont negligeables devant les pertes joules volumiques correspondant a la marche normale de la tuyere. Les champs magnetiques sont obtenus a partir de bonines supraconductrices; on traite les cas 5 et 6 teslas. Pour la gamme des temperatures considerees, seule l'ionisation hors d'equilibre permet une conversion efficace. On suppose donc que l'ionisation est hors d'equilibre sous l'action du champ electrique induit, et on calcule la conductivite a partir d'un modele du plasma a 2 fluides qui donne o connaissant la densite de courant. En tuyere de Hall, les conditions d'echauffement electronique en une section donnee dependent de ce qui se passe dans l

  8. Schmidt. Sinfonie Nr. 1 E-Dur; Strauss. Vier sinfonische Zwischenspiele aus Intermezzo. Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi / Helge Grünewald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünewald, Helge

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Schmidt. Sinfonie Nr. 1 E-Dur; Strauss. Vier sinfonische Zwischenspiele aus Intermezzo. Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi. Chandos/Koch CD 9357 (WD: 68'20") DDD (WD:114'36")

  9. Site Effect Assessment of the Gros-Morne Hill Area in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Part A: Geophysical-Seismological Survey Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Ulysse

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available After the M = 7.0 Haiti earthquake in 2010, many teams completed seismic risk studies in Port-au-Prince to better understand why this not extraordinarily strong event had induced one of the most severe earthquake disasters in history (at least in the Western World. Most highlighted the low construction quality as the main cause for the disaster, but some also pointed to possible soil and topographic amplification effects, especially in the lower and central parts of Port-au-Prince (e.g., close to the harbor. However, very detailed local studies of such site effects have not been completed yet. A Belgian-Haitian collaboration project was established in order to develop a detailed local seismic hazard study for Gros-Morne hill located in the district of Pétion-Ville, southeast of Port-au-Prince. In order to have a better understanding of the amplification on the Gros-Morne hill, in the southeastern part of Port-au-Prince, site effects were investigated by using near surface geophysical methods. The horizontal to vertical spectral ratio technique was applied to ambient vibrations and earthquake data, and multichannel analysis of surface waves and P-wave refraction tomography calculation were applied to seismic data. Standard spectral ratios were computed for the S-wave windows of the earthquake data recorded by a small temporary seismic network. Electrical resistivity tomography profiles were also performed in order to image the structure of the subsurface and detect the presence of water, if any. The spectral ratio results generally show low to medium (1.5–6 resonance amplitudes at one or several different resonance frequencies (for the same site, between 0.5 and 25 Hz. At most of the investigated sites, the fundamental resonance frequency varies between 7 and 10 Hz. By using the multichannel surface wave analyses of the seismic data, we were able to determine shear wave velocities ranging between 200 and 850 m/s, up to a depth of about 15–20

  10. Acceptable risk of contact allergy in the general population assessed by CE-DUR--a method to detect and categorize contact allergy epidemics based on patient data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan; Menné, Torkil; Schnuch, Axel

    2009-01-01

    of persons eligible for patch testing each year based on patch test sales data. A reverse CE-DUR was performed to make delineations between the 10-year prevalence of contact allergy in the general population and the corresponding theoretical prevalences of contact allergy observed among patients...

  11. Roussel. Sinfonien Nr. 3 g-Moll op. 42 und Nr. 4 A-Dur op. 5, Neeme Järvi / Christoph Schlüren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüren, Christoph

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Roussel. Sinfonien Nr. 3 g-Moll op. 42 und Nr. 4 A-Dur op. 53, Bacchus et Ariane op. 43 (Zweite Orchestersuite). Sinfonietta für Streichorchester d-Moll op. 52. Detroit Symphony Orchester, N. Järvi". Chandos/Koch CD 7007(WD: 70'10") DDD

  12. 3. Germain Gros.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    daouda.thiam

    2009-12-02

    Dec 2, 2009 ... goods for the largest middle class in one country in history and for the .... orously than any other continent with little to show, can learn from .... Corporation n.d.). ..... taining at least nominal state control over land, and creating synergy .... There have been efforts in Africa to integrate agriculture and indus- try.

  13. Ressenya a Sònia Gros, «Aquella dolçor amarga». La tradició amatòria clàssica en el Curial e Güelfa. València, Publicacions de la Universitat de València, 2015, 346 pp. ISBN: 978-84-370-9648-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrià Martí i Badia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Review to Sònia Gros, «Aquella dolçor amarga». La tradició amatòria clàssica en el Curial e Güelfa. València, Publicacions de laUniversitat de València, 2015, 346 pp, ISBN: 978-84-370-9648-3

  14. Mediamania? Contemporary German Poetry in the Age of New Information Technologies: Thomas Kling and Durs Grünbein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erk Grimm

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay examines the preoccupation with information technologies as a dominant theme of German poetry in the 1980s and 1990s. Outlining the historical shift from a critique of mass media to the ironic affirmation of hi-tech media, the investigation seeks an understanding of its driving forces. The analysis of Enzensberger's polemical essays on the culture industry shows the parallels and the difference in attitude between him and younger poets of the 1980s. A concise account of their publications illuminates the development of an aesthetically demanding poetry that kept aloof from the mass media. In their rejection of a common quotidian or sentimental tone, poets such as Thomas Kling and Durs Grunbein created new idioms and challenging forms while concentrating on hi-tech media as an epochal phenomenon. The sober reflection and technical terminology originate in a materialistic attitude, driven by the desire to regain the power of sophisticated aesthetic expression and to compensate for the loss of experience caused by the simulation of the past.The essay closes with a critical interpretation of the "mediamania" of the 1990s by giving heed to the fashionable remixing of poetic idioms that leaves the false impression of a new school of media poets.

  15. Light exposure enhances urea absorption in the fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa, and up-regulates the protein abundance of a light-dependent urea active transporter, DUR3-like, in its ctenidium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Christabel Y L; Hiong, Kum C; Boo, Mel V; Choo, Celine Y L; Wong, Wai P; Chew, Shit F; Ip, Yuen K

    2018-04-19

    Giant clams live in nutrient-poor reef waters of the Indo-Pacific and rely on symbiotic dinoflagellates ( Symbiodinium spp., also known as zooxanthellae) for nutrients. As the symbionts are nitrogen deficient, the host clam has to absorb exogenous nitrogen and supply it to them. This study aimed to demonstrate light-enhanced urea absorption in the fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa , and to clone and characterize the urea active transporter DUR3-like from its ctenidium (gill). The results indicate that T. squamosa absorbs exogenous urea, and the rate of urea uptake in the light was significantly higher than that in darkness. The DUR3-like coding sequence obtained from its ctenidium comprised 2346 bp, encoding a protein of 782 amino acids and 87.0 kDa. DUR3-like was expressed strongly in the ctenidium, outer mantle and kidney. Twelve hours of exposure to light had no significant effect on the transcript level of ctenidial DUR3-like However, between 3 and 12 h of light exposure, DUR3-like protein abundance increased progressively in the ctenidium, and became significantly greater than that in the control at 12 h. DUR3-like had an apical localization in the epithelia of the ctenidial filaments and tertiary water channels. Taken together, these results indicate that DUR3-like might participate in light-enhanced urea absorption in the ctenidium of T. squamosa When made available to the symbiotic zooxanthellae that are known to possess urease, the absorbed urea can be metabolized to NH 3 and CO 2 to support amino acid synthesis and photosynthesis, respectively, during insolation. © 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  16. Nuevos hallazgos documentales y biográficos sobre Alonso Xuárez maestro de Sebastián Durón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Fuente Charfolé, José Luis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Alonso Xuárez was no minor composer in the musical field of his time. The quality and effectiveness of his compositions makes them deserving of a leading place in Spanish and European music of the 17th century. In spite of this almost nothing is known about this composer prior to his being appointed to teach in the chapel of Cuenca cathedral. Virtually all the currently available data is of a secondary and collateral nature and arises from research into his disciple the organist Sebastián Durón, the renowned opera composer and teacher at the Capilla Real of Charles II.

    Alonso Xuárez no fue un compositor menor dentro del panorama musical de su tiempo. La calidad y eficacia de su música merece estar en primera línea de la música española y europea del siglo XVII. Sin embargo, el desconocimiento de este músico es casi completo con anterioridad a su nombramiento en el magisterio de capilla de la catedral de Cuenca. Prácticamente todos los datos expuestos hasta el momento han sido restos secundarios y colaterales desprendidos de otras investigaciones realizadas sobre la figura de su discípulo, el reputado compositor de teatro lírico y maestro de la Capilla Real de Carlos II, el organista Sebastián Durón.

  17. Coordinación de las protecciones de la subestación de distribución en el sistema Durán norte

    OpenAIRE

    Tinoco Tinoco, Misael Patricio; Sanchez Yela, Darwin Horacio

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo desarrolla el estudio de la coordinación de protecciones aplicados a la subestación de distribución “DURÁN NORTE”, ubicada en el cantón Durán en la parte norte de la cuidad del mismo nombre. Partiendo primero desde la descripción de las instalaciones, para conocer los elementos que la componen; posteriormente, se realiza un estudio de flujo de carga en condiciones de máxima y mínima carga y un estudio de cortocircuito de la subestación aplicados a la barra de 69kV y 13.8kV...

  18. Análisis funcional de la vivienda de interés social: El Recreo, cantón Durán 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Silvia Alcívar Macías

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la vivienda de interés social en el Ecuador, y caso concreto en la ciudadela de El Recreo, cantón Durán, de la Provincia del Guayas Ecuador, pretende conocer los estándares de funcionabilidad y confort para las familias de bajo poder adquisitivo. El levantamiento de información fue realizado en el periodo comprendido entre los meses de octubre a diciembre del 2016, se aplicó técnica de encuesta muestreo en cinco estratos correspondientes a las 5 etapas que conforman la ciudadela El Recreo, constituyéndose entonces en un tipo de muestreo simple disperso, donde se entrevistó a 300 familias para medir el grado de confort y funcionabilidad de las viviendas. Posteriormente a la tabulación de los datos obtenidos se procedió al diseño de gráficos estadísticos, que permitieron realizar un análisis descriptivo y dinámico para diagnosticar la situación funcional y de confort de las viviendas

  19. Action de Paenibacillus polymyxa SGK2 sur quelques champignons de la fusariose du blé dur (Triticum durum en Algérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamia Lounaci

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Les tests ont porté sur l’action de P. polymyxa SGK2 à l’égard de F. graminearum, F. culmorum, F. verticillioides et M. nivale agents de la fusariose du blé dur en Algérie. La technique de confrontation directe en boîtes de Petri met en évidence une action inhibitrice caractérisée par un ralentissement de la croissance mycélienne. Après 7 jours d’incubation, un arrêt à distance des colonies du pathogène est observé. Nous étions également attachés à rechercher le (ou les moyen utilisé par P. polymyxa SGK2 pour inhiber la croissance des mycètes tests. Cette capacité naturelle agit par la synthèse d'une (ou des substance constitutive inhibitrice de la croissance des quatre champignons sur le milieu King B, d'une (ou des substance inductible inhibitrice de la croissance du F. culmorum et F. graminearum sur le même milieu, et d'une (ou des substance volatile inhibitrice de la croissance des quatre mycètes sur les milieux King B et PDA.

  20. Effets oestrogéniques du macéré aqueux des feuilles de Holarrhena floribunda (G. Don Dur & Schinz chez la rate ovariectomisée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sawadogo l;

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Oestrogenic effects of macerated aqueous extracts of the leaves of Holarrhena fl oribunda (G. Don Dur & Schinz on ovariectomized rat. Estrogenic effects of aqueous extracts of leaves of Holarrhena fl oribunda have been evaluated by uterotrophic assay. Ovariectomized mice were used and treated subcutaneously during seven days with 50, 100, 200 mg.kg-1 doses of Holarrhena fl oribunda and with 100, 200 mg.kg-1 doses of Holarrhena fl oribunda plus 25 mg.kg-1 of oestradiol 17-β. Estrogenic activity was analysed by uterine dry and wet weight, surrenal gland wet weight, vaginal opening, protein and cholesterol level in uteri horn. Administration of extracts to the doses of 100 and 200 mg.kg-1 exhibits increase of uterine dry and wet weight, surrenal gland wet weight, vaginal opening, protein levels and decrease of level of cholesterol in uterine horn. The results suggest that, aqueous extracts of Holarrhena fl oribunda possesses estrogenic type effect. But when 100 and 200 mg.kg-1 of Holarrhena fl oribunda were given alone with 25 mg.kg-1 of estradiol 17-β, the estrogenic effect was slight. These results supposed that H. fl oribunda is a weak phytoestrogen and the aqueous extracts of the leaves behad as partial agonistic

  1. Application of a Detailed Emission Model for Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Simulations Application d'un modèle détaillé d'émissions pour la simulation de gros moteurs diesel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnusson I.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A detailed chemical model describing the formation of soot and NO is applied to simulate emission formation in a heavy duty diesel engine. Cylinder flow and spray development is simulated using an engine CFD code - Speedstar. Combustion is described using a simple eddy break-up model. Modeling of the emission-chemistry/turbulent-flow interaction is based on a flamelet approach. Contrary to a typical flamelet concept, transport equations are solved for mass fractions of soot and NO. The reason being that these major emission constituencies are assumed to change slowly in comparison to typical time scales for chemical processes or transport processes important for combustion. Chemical reactions leading to production and destruction of soot and NO are, however, assumed to be fast. Soot and NO source terms are therefore evaluated from a flamelet library using a presumed probability density function and integrating over mixture fraction space. Results from simulations are compared to engine measurements inform of exhaust emission data and cylinder pressure. Un modèle avec chimie détaillée décrivant la formation des suies et du NO est appliqué à la simulation de la formation des polluants dans un gros moteur Diesel. L'écoulement et le spray sont modélisés avec le code de calcul Speedstar. La combustion est représentée par le modèle eddy break-up . La modélisation de l'interaction entre l'écoulement turbulent et la chimie des polluants est basée sur une approche de type flamelet . Cependant, à la différence d'autres travaux, des équations de transport pour les fractions massiques de suies et de NO sont résolues. Cela est justifié par la supposition que les temps caractéristiques de formation de ces composés sont longs comparés à ceux associés aux phénomènes de transport et aux réactions chimiques associées à la combustion. Cependant, les vitesses de réaction se rapportant aux suies et au NO sont supposées rapides. Cela

  2. Académica Maria Mélida Durán Merchán - Académico Miguel Trias Fargas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available

    MARÍA MÉLIDA DURÁN

    Una de las secciones especialmente nostálgicas pero a su vez más trascendentales es esta de Obituarios en la revista “Medicina”. Acostumbra ser uno de los nichos literarios de la prolífica y versátil pluma del Académico Efraím Otero o de la pulida pero algo menos abundante del también Académico Zoilo Cuéllar.

    Puede ser esta sección de igual manera la semilla biográfica para aquellos ilustres médicos colombianos que por esta Institución pasaron, que llamamos “necrológica”, para darle un toque menos fúnebre y más alegre, pues destaca lo mucho de positivo que tuvo la vida de quien se escribe.

    Nos duele hacerlo hoy sobre María Mélida Durán Merchán, a quien me costó trabajo dejar de decirle “de Rueda”, en referencia a su compañero de tantas luchas y padre de su hijo Marcelo, el urólogo de Marly, Manuel Rueda Salazar.

    Y repito que siento consternación al hacerlo pues su edad distaba mucho de la de aquel personaje a quien se refería el Académico Laurentino Muñoz al conversar con su amigo Germán Arciniegas, un par de intelectuales a quienes la senectud no quitó vitalidad alguna. Vio pasar a algún conocido que rondaba en los cien años y dijo: “¿no es ese el que murió el año pasado?”...

    MIGUEL TRIAS FARGAS

    Nacido en Barcelona, Cataluña, el 9 de agosto de 1924, llegó el doctor Trías a Colombia a muy corta edad; se graduó como médico en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y se especializó en Cirugía del Tórax en importantes instituciones de Inglaterra y Francia.

    Ejerció con brillo dicha especialidad en los Hospitales San Carlos, Santa Clara y San José de la ciudad de Bogotá, así como en la Fundación Shaio, a cuyo nacimiento contribuyó. Su trascendental labor en la Asociación Pro Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana, Profamilia, que dirigió desde 1973 hasta 1994, y en la Fundación Pro Derecho a

  3. The Hermeneutical Horizon and the Ethnohistoric Value in the Philological Annotation of the «Libro de los ritos» (1579 Written by friar Diego Durán (OP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paloma Vargas Montes

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The following discussion offers a panorama of the hermeneutical horizon from which the philological annotation apparatus of the Libro de los ritos critical edition was created. The book, written by the Dominican friar Diego Durán in 1579, describes the religious life of the Nahua people with emphasis in the Mexicas or Aztecs of the postclassical period. Also, this work offers some considerations about the ethnohistorical value of the Libro de los ritos and explains how this idea was used as a hypothesis to create the philological annotation apparatus of the critical edition. The value of the analysis of this experience is the contribution that it offers to the discussion between philologists about the proper methodology that must be used for the critical annotation of the Indian chronicles, documents that conserve the memory of the Native American people.

  4. Vers une prévision de la durée de vie des polymères géosynthétiques : Principes de base, Etat de l'art

    OpenAIRE

    BARTOLOMEO, P

    2003-01-01

    Cette étude bibliographique dresse un bilan des connaissances sur la durabillité des matériaux géosynthétiques à base de polymères. Les causes et les mécanismes qui affectent plus particulièrement les polyéthylènes, polypropylènes, polyesters et PVC sont abordés en détail. L'accent est d'abord mis sur la nécessité d'identifier des critères de durée de vie pertinents, et les difficultés que l'on rencontre quand on cherche des extrapolations entre les essais accélérés et les conditions naturell...

  5. “recolección, manejo y transformación de la pollinaza en abono orgánico en el cantón durán”

    OpenAIRE

    Benites Zari, Fátima Mariana; Lozano Salcedo, Laura Alejandra; Torres Nazareno, María Antonieta

    2013-01-01

    El presente proyecto consiste en realizar un estudio de factibilidad de manejo de residuos avícolas (pollinaza) a fin de proyectar la creación de un centro de recolección, manejo y transformación en abono orgánico compost para el sector agrícola del cantón de Durán en el año 2014, debido a la gran cantidad de basura que se genera en el cantón, y la falta de gestión eficiente en la zona. La población objetivo de nuestro proyecto son las empresas e industrias del sector agrícola en ...

  6. Desempenho e características de carcaça do escargot francês (Helix aspersa maxima alimentado com rações contendo diferentes óleos vegetais Performance and carcass characteristics of “gros gris” (Helix aspersa maxima fed with different vegetable oils in diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmino Hayashi

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando avaliar a utilização de óleos vegetais de diferentes origens em rações no desempenho e características de carcaça do escargot francês “gros gris” (Helix aspersa maxima, 240 animais com peso inicial médio de 0,11g, foram distribuídos em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com seis tratamentos e quatro repetições com dez animais cada, em aquários de 12L. As rações foram formuladas de forma a diferirem quanto ao emprego (3 % da ração dos óleos de soja, canola, girassol, linhaça, arroz e milho. Os valores médios de peso final, conversão alimentar, taxa de eficiência protéica, rendimento de carcaça, percentagem de concha e taxa de sobrevivência dos animais alimentados com as rações com os diferentes óleos não diferiram (p>0,01 entre si. Os teores de umidade, cinza, proteína bruta e lipídeos totais e a relação ácidos graxos poliinsaturados/ácidos graxos saturados da porção comestível dos animais submetidos as diferentes rações não foram influenciados (p>0,05. Entretanto, os animais que receberam dieta com óleo de linhaça apresentaram o melhor (p0,05 nos teores de umidade e cinza das conchas dos animais submetidos às diferentes rações. Por outro lado, os animais que receberam óleo de linhaça tiveram concha com menor (pAiming to evaluate the use of different vegetable oil sources on performance and carcass characteristics of “gros gris” (Helix aspersa maxima diets, two hundred forty snails with initial average weight of 0.11g samples were distributed in an entirely randomized design with six treatments and four replications in twelve-liter aquaria. The diets were formulated to have differences on soybean, canola, sunflower, linseed, rice and corn oil inclusion at 3% of the diet. The average final weight, feed conversion, protein efficiency rate, carcass yields, percentage of shell and survival rates were not affected (p>0.01 by the use of different oils. The moisture, ash, crud

  7. Projeto de cadeia de suprimentos ágeis e verdes: estudos exploratórios em uma empresa de bens de consumo não duráveis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelica Reis Galdino Takahashi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Novas tendências em gestão da cadeia de suprimentos têm fomentado grandes discussões na área, incluindo os paradigmas de alinhamento dinâmico e de gestão sustentável de cadeias. O primeiro prega que se deve gerenciar dinamicamente diferentes tipologias de cadeias (e.g. totalmente flexíveis, ágeis, enxutas e de reabastecimento contínuo a fim de responder adequadamente a comportamentos específicos dos clientes. O segundo preconiza que o projeto e a gestão dessas cadeias devem considerar questões ambientais e sociais, em complementação aos aspectos econômicos. Recentemente, alguns autores têm combinado essas tendências em um novo modelo conceitual visando melhor gerenciar trade-offs de sustentabilidade quando do projeto de cadeias de suprimentos. O objetivo deste trabalho é testar algumas das hipóteses levantadas por tal modelo em cadeias ágeis. Por meio de simulações em uma multinacional de bens de consumo não duráveis, foi possível verificar que o modelo proposto possui coerência e potencial para ajudar as empresas a projetar cadeias ágeis e verdes.

  8. The history of soil erosion: Interpreting historical sources, buried soils and colluvial sediments as archives of past soil erosion and human-environment interactions in the Longue Durée

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotterweich, Markus

    2015-04-01

    of human-environment interactions in the Longue Durée.

  9. Zoom on India | Gros plan sur l’Inde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Indian Energy Production and Consumption (in Million Tonnes of Oil EquivalentProduction et consommation d’énergie en Inde (en millions de tonnes d’équivalent pétroleSource: World Bank, World Bank Development Indicators, 2010.Indian Oil, Gas and Coal Imports (in Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent, 2008*Importations indiennes de pétrole, de gaz et de charbon (en millions de tonnes d’équivalent pétrole, 2008** 2009 for coal data | 2009 pour les données sur le charbon.Sources: British Petroleum...

  10. Cardiovascular Parameters of Nigerian Physiotherapy Students Dur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Examination and tests are routine academic task during which students engage in mental exercis-es, writing, and/or practical demonstrations under pressure with stress placed on the cardiovascu-lar system. This study was aimed at investigating the cardiovascular parameters of students before, during and after an ...

  11. Une intervention en centres d’hébergement et de soins de longue durée visant à réduire les problèmes de santé mentale liés au travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Vézina

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Une intervention visant la diminution des contraintes de l’environnement psychosocial du travail et de leurs effets sur la santé mentale a été mise en place à l’hiver 2002. Cette intervention se résume en cinq étapes : l’engagement du milieu et la constitution d’une équipe d’intervention, l’identification des contraintes, l’élaboration des plans d’action, l’actualisation des plans d’action et l’évaluation de l’intervention. La recherche se déroule dans douze centres d’hébergement et de soins de longue durée (CHSLD et inclut l’ensemble du personnel soignant en contact direct avec la clientèle (N = 493. Un devis quasi-expérimental avec quatre groupes expérimentaux, huit groupes témoins et des mesures avant et après l’intervention a été utilisé.La description des phases de développement et d’implantation de la démarche d’intervention est présent��e ainsi que l’évaluation à 12 mois des effets de l’intervention sur la prévalence des contraintes psychosociales au travail et des problèmes de santé mentale.An intervention aimed at reducing adverse occupational psychosocial factors and their mental health effects was begun during the winter of 2002. This intervention can be summarized in five steps: commitment of stakeholders and setting up of an intervention team, identification of adverse occupational psychosocial factors, development of an action plan, implementation of the action plans, and evaluation of the intervention. The study was conducted in twelve residential and extended care centres (CHSLD and included all care-giving staff in direct contact with patients (N= 493. A quasi-experimental design was used with four experimental groups and eight control groups, and with pre- and post-intervention measurements.The description of the intervention’s development and implementation phases and the evaluation at 12 months of the effects of the intervention on the prevalence of

  12. Kadın Üniversite Gençliği ve Mezunlarına Yönelik Cinsel Saldırı Mağdur Araştırması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra Kayı

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmamızda ülkemizde üniversite gençliği ve mezunlarına yönelik olarak kadınlarda hangi oranlarda cinsel şiddet eylemlerinin gerçekleştiği, kimler tarafından, nerede, ne zaman uygulandığı, adli makamlara ne derece yansıdığı, yansımıyorsa nedenleri ve mağdurların etkilenme dereceleri araştırılmıştır. Araştırmamıza üniversite öğrencisi ve mezunu toplam 700 kadın katılmıştır. İddia ettiğimiz veriler literatürlerle uyumlu olarak kadınların bu eylemlere yüksek oranlarda maruz, kaldığını ve özellikle temas içeren cinsel şiddet türlerinin sanılanın aksine yabancılar tarafından değil, çoğunlukla tanıdık kişilerce gerçekleştirildiği, çok büyük oranının adli makamlara yansımadığını ortaya koymuştur. Sözel, görsel ve dokunsal cinsel şiddet türlerinden herhangi birine maruz kalma oranı kadınlarda % 84 tür. Basit cinsel içerikli dokunuştan zorla cinsel ilişkiye kadar uzanan dokunsal cinsel şiddet türlerine maruz kalma oranı ise % 44.8 olarak bulunmuştur. Mağduriyet oranının yüksekliğinin yanı sıra adli makamlara iletilme oranlarının düşük olması, özellikle adli tıp açısından olayı ispatlama zorluğunu aşacak çalışmaların (etkin muayene ve delillerin değerlendirilmesi önemini ortaya koymaktadır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Cinsel şiddet, kadın, mağdur.

  13. CERN : Nouveaux records lors d'une période d'exploitation au PS/SPS ; Un nouveau rôle pour les ISR ; Deuxième région d'intersection pour le système pp du SPS ; Détermination de la durée de vie du charme ; Calcul en Sicile et au CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    1979-01-01

    CERN : Nouveaux records lors d'une période d'exploitation au PS/SPS ; Un nouveau rôle pour les ISR ; Deuxième région d'intersection pour le système pp du SPS ; Détermination de la durée de vie du charme ; Calcul en Sicile et au CERN

  14. ‘Historiography and the retracing of Latin American art history’: The Academy of San Carlos and Mexican Art History by Ray Hernández-Durán, Politics, History, and Art in Nineteenth-Century Mexico, London and New York: Routledge, 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Mattos Avolese

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Academy of San Carlos and Mexican Art History presents an account of the cultural and political circumstances that led to the installation of the first gallery of colonial art at the Academy of San Carlos in mid-nineteenth century Mexico City, and to the associated publication of the first art historical account of colonial Mexico. The author proposes that these two endeavors relate closely to the ambitions of the Mexican conservative elite to create a Mexican corporate identity based on the colonial past. Ray Hernández-Durán also argues that the gallery and the associated book can be seen as the starting point for the construction of the field of Latin American art history as we know it today.

  15. Estado ecológico del sistema estuarino del Río Guayas, Cantón Durán, Ecuador: Simulación numérica de su dinámica fluvial y principios ecológicos para el diseño de actuaciones de restauración y/o recuperación

    OpenAIRE

    Olaya Carbo, Peter

    2016-01-01

    46 p. El cantón Durán está emplazado en una zona de transición entre el agua dulce del río Guayas y el agua salobre del mar, las principales actividades de la región son la agricultura, ganadería, y las industrias; con la llegada del invierno, la región se somete a inundaciones que producen complicaciones socioeconómicas debido al uso antrópico de áreas inundables, además el río Guayas presenta un pobre estado de conservación ecológico (RQI, Riparian Quality Index=30), debido en gran parte...

  16. The Longue Durée of Black Lives Matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Alondra

    2016-10-01

    Black Lives Matter was first articulated just a few years ago, but it has been the leitmotif of antiracist struggles for generations. The Movement for Black Lives extends the work of previous movements that challenged forms of oppression that act on Black bodies with impunity. It should be understood in the context of Ida B. Wells' anti-lynching campaign, Fannie Lou Hamer's reproductive justice demands, and the Black Panther Party's health activism. The 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party is an occasion to recall that its work confronted the callous neglect and the corporeal surveillance and abuse of poor Black communities. Similar demands have been the centrifugal force of social movements that for centuries have refused to have Black lives cast beyond the human boundary.

  17. A comprehensive analysis of the geomagnetic storms occurred dur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Essam Ghamry

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Geomagnetic storms are considered as one of the major natural hazards. Egyptian geomagnetic observatories observed multiple geomagnetic storms during 18 February to 2 March 2014. During this period, four interplanetary shocks successively hit the Earth’s magnetosphere, leading to four geomagnetic storms. The storm onsets occurred on 18, 20, 23 and 27 February. A non-substorm Pi2 pulsation was observed on 26 February. This Pi2 pulsation was detected in Egyptian observatories (Misallat and Abu Simbel, Kakioka station in Japan and Carson City station in US with nearly identical waveforms. Van Allen Probe missions observed non-compressional Pc4 pulsations on the recovery phase of the third storm. This Pc4 event is may be likely attributed to the decay of the ring current in the recovery phase.

  18. et de blé dur (Triticum durum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mai 2017 ... Study of the genetic diversity of some varieties of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and durum wheat. (Triticum durum Desf.) ...... Crop adaptation to climate change,1e éd. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 595 p. Zeven AC,1998. Landraces: a review of definitions and classifications. Euphytica 104(2) : 127-139.

  19. Dora Bruder and the Longue Durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Weiner

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Modiano's methods in Dora Bruder recall the Annales historiographer's rejection of the history of events in favor of the "long duration," but with human history as its object. Modiano's long duration draws out repetitions and variations between his own life and Dora's as he reconstructs and imagines it, between Dora and fictional characters, between Dora's story and the lives of Holocaust victims and survivors known and unknown. Moreover, the author encourages the reader to take part in the uncanny connections the novel makes, through movements of the imagination not unlike Modiano's own. In so doing, we approach Dora and those who shared her fate through their lives rather than their death, restoring to them the everyday freedom of their thoughts and actions alongside our own.

  20. consumers' understanding and use of textile eco-labels dur

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    textile industry to introduce greener technology textiles (Momberg ... E mail: daleen.vandermerwe@nwu.ac.za. — Ms N le Roux ..... African market, as such products are relatively unavailable and ...... Beauty 2(1&2):117-138. CLEVELAND, M.

  1. Zoom on Electricity | Gros plan sur l’électricité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Share of Renewables in Electricity Generation in the World (in GWhPart de la production d’électricité à partir d’énergies renouvelables dans le monde (en GWh­Electricity Generation (in TWh, 2008Production d’électricité (en TWh, 2008* Fossils: oil, gas, coal | Energies fossiles : pétrole, gaz, charbon. ** Renewables: hydro power, biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, sea power | Energies renouvelables : hydraulique, biomasse, éolien, solaire, géothermie, énergies marines.Source: Observatoire d...

  2. Focus giurisprudenziale / Gros plan sur la jurisprudence / Case-law Focus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corvucci L.M.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Misure cautelari - Sentenza Corte di Cassazione Sez. 5 Num. 47111/2017 Pres. Sabeone - Rel. Riccardi Bancarotta fraudolenta - Sentenza Corte di Cassazione Sez. 5 Num. 45288/17 Pres. Bruno Rel. Scardamaglia Tenuità del fatto – Questione processuale - Sentenza Corte di Cassazione penale sez. 2 Num. 45630/17 Pres. Fumu Rel. Recchione Il caso Cucchi approdato in Cassazione - Ancora da riesaminare le condotte dei sanitari - Osservazioni a margine di Cass. Sezione prima 46432/17 - Pres. Mazzei - Rel. Aprile

  3. Kak sdelat populjarnoi integratsiju v JeS / Daniel Gros, Stefano Micossi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gros, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Autorid on seisukohal, et EL-i nn. vanad riigid peaksid kohe kaotama allesjäänud piirangud tööjõu sisserännule uutest liikmesriikidest, samuti peaks EL rakendama üldise skeemi piiritaguse tööjõu vastuvõtu kohta

  4. Status of the cheetah in Tanzania in the mid 1990's | Gros | Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the results of a field interview survey and a literature review of the status of the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) in Tanzania. The survey was conducted between September 1993 and May 1994. The presence of cheetahs was documented in 30 areas (seven national parks, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, ...

  5. Zoom on Electricity | Gros plan sur l’électricité

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Share of Renewables in Electricity Generation in the World (in GWh) Part de la production d’électricité à partir d’énergies renouvelables dans le monde (en GWh) ­ Electricity Generation (in TWh, 2008) Production d’électricité (en TWh, 2008) * Fossils: oil, gas, coal | Energies fossiles : pétrole, gaz, charbon. ** Renewables: hydro power, biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, sea power | Energies renouvelables : hydraulique, biomasse, éolien, solaire, géothermie, énergies marines. Source: Observ...

  6. Pourquoi le « Disque Blanc » des Beatles est-il Blanc ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Gensane

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans « Strawberry Fields Forever » (février 1967, John Lennon prévient, dans une perspective postmoderne, que la représentation artistique est impossible car « nothing is real ». Au même moment, Paul McCartney propose, avec « Penny Lane » (février 1967, une des plus troublantes définitions de ce qu’est la représentation artistique : « And though she feels as if she’s in a play / She is anyway ». Que se passe-t-il, en effet, lorsque l’art est sciemment accepté comme un faux-semblant à la foi...

  7. Développement d’un modèle statistique de prédiction de la durée de vie du rachis lombaire, dépendant de la contrainte appliquée, de l’âge et de la densité osseuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houcine Ayari

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available École de technologie supérieure, 1100, rue Notre-Dame Du fait de l’inhomogénéité densimétrique et structurale des vertèbres entre les individus et du fait que la résistance osseuse dépende de la densité osseuse et de la continuité du réseau trabéculaire, qui change avec l’âge, on ne peut pas considérer que le comportement en fatigue des vertèbres dépende uniquement de la contrainte appliquée. Dans cette étude, un modèle de prédiction de durée de vie est proposé permettant d’évaluer le nombre de cycles de fatigue avant dommage en fonction de la contrainte appliquée, de la densité osseuse et de l’âge du spécimen. Vu leur grande dispersion, les résultats des essais de fatigue publiés par Brinckmann (1988 ont été classifiés afin de pouvoir être analysés par la méthode des plans d’expériences. Un modèle non linéaire présentant un coefficient de détermination R2 de 94 % est établi. En comparant les valeurs prédites par ce modèle avec les résultats des essais de fatigue de Hansson (1987, on constate une certaine cohérence entre les résultats. Cette étude justifie l’hypothèse que la densité osseuse et l’âge outre la contrainte appliquée ont un effet sur la fatigue du rachis.Due to vertebral densimetric and structural inhomogeneity between individuals and the fact that bone strength varies with bone density and discontinuities within the trabecular lattice which changes with age, vertebral fatigue behavior cannot be considered as depending only on the cyclic stress. In this study, a lifetime prediction model is proposed for evaluating the number of cycles before damage as a function of the cyclic stress, bone density and age of the specimen. Due to their large dispersion, the results of the fatigue tests published by Brinckmann (1988 have been classified for analysis using the experiment design method. A nonlinear model presenting a coefficient of determination R2 of 94% has been

  8. Rutes migratòries i àrees d'hivernada del virot gros Calonectris Diomedea des Pantaleu (Mallorca)

    OpenAIRE

    Oro, Daniel; Genovart, Meritxell; Igual, José Manuel; Ruiz, Xavier; González-Solís, Jacob

    2008-01-01

    Migratory routes and wintering areas of Cory’s shearwaters Calonectris diomedea from es Pantaleu (Mallorca). Here we show the migratory trips through the Atlantic Ocean of 8 Cory’s shearwaters breeding at es Pantaleu islet (P.N. de sa Dragonera, Majorca) during the winter of 2002-2003. The majority of the birds preferred the coasts of the Sahara and of Mauritania and to a lesser extent those of Namibia, corresponding to two zones of oceanic upwelling of cold and very productive waters (Canary...

  9. Euroopa eelarvet võiks täita ühtne maks / Daniel Gros, Stefano Micossi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gros, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. märts lk. 6. Autorite arvates oleks EL-i eelarve parim lahendus umbes 2-protsendiline käibemaksumäära tõus kogu Euroopa Liidus, mis kataks kõik vajadused. Diagramm: EL-i eelarvest laekub lõviosa SKP alusel

  10. Estudos de freqüência, morfologia e diagnóstico de Entamoeba gingivalis, Gros, 1849

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Favoreto Junior

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizamos estudos de freqüência de Entamoeba gingivalis entre 100 pacientes atendidos nos ambulatórios odontológicos da Ufiiversidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU, utilizando-se esfregaços corados pela técnica de Papanicolaou modificado, revelando um expressivo índice de 62% de positividade. A afinidade do corante pelo conteúdo vacuolarfagocítico impede uma nítida visualização das cromatinas central e periférica do núcleo do parasita. Lavados bucais de outros 10 pacientes foram utilizados para avaliar em qual método parasitológico de diagnóstico (a fresco e em coloração por hematoxilina férrica, Giemsa e Papanicolaou ocorre melhor visualização do parasita. O exame afresco do sedimento do lavado bucal revelou 100% de positividade e nítida visualização do parasita. Nenhuma técnica de coloração dos esfregaços se mostrou adequada, apresentando o núcleo freqüentemente mascarado pelos vacúolos fagocíticos. Em preparações coradas por azul de toluidina e na microscopia eletrônica de transmissão pode-se observar caracteres morfológicos típicos do protozoário.

  11. Estudos de freqüência, morfologia e diagnóstico de Entamoeba gingivalis, Gros, 1849

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Favoreto Junior

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizamos estudos de freqüência de Entamoeba gingivalis entre 100 pacientes atendidos nos ambulatórios odontológicos da Ufiiversidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU, utilizando-se esfregaços corados pela técnica de Papanicolaou modificado, revelando um expressivo índice de 62% de positividade. A afinidade do corante pelo conteúdo vacuolarfagocítico impede uma nítida visualização das cromatinas central e periférica do núcleo do parasita. Lavados bucais de outros 10 pacientes foram utilizados para avaliar em qual método parasitológico de diagnóstico (a fresco e em coloração por hematoxilina férrica, Giemsa e Papanicolaou ocorre melhor visualização do parasita. O exame afresco do sedimento do lavado bucal revelou 100% de positividade e nítida visualização do parasita. Nenhuma técnica de coloração dos esfregaços se mostrou adequada, apresentando o núcleo freqüentemente mascarado pelos vacúolos fagocíticos. Em preparações coradas por azul de toluidina e na microscopia eletrônica de transmissão pode-se observar caracteres morfológicos típicos do protozoário.Entamoeba gingivalis is found only in its trophozoite form and it is postulated that its main transmission mechanism is through the kiss. E. gingivalis is considered pathogenic by some authors and commensal to others. It does not have a defined role in the installation of disease. To address some of this questions we studied a 100 patients who were seen through the Odontological Hospital from the Universidade Federal de Uberlândia in order to determine its frequency in the buccal cavity. The material were collected using swabs from four different buccal sites and the smears were stained by a modified Papanicolaou technique. The results revealed positivity index of 62%. The affinity of the dye to the food vacuole contents and to the ingested bactérias prevents clear visualisation of the central and peripherical chromatin constituents of the parasite's nucleus. Mouth washes with 3ml of saline from 10 patients, were used to evaluate which parasitological method of diagnosis (fresh, iron-haematoxylin stained, Giemsa and Papanicolaou gives better visualisation of the parasite. The mouth washes sediment from fresh material revealed 100% of positivity and clear visualisation of the free form and locomotion of the trophozoites. No stained technique of the smear showed adequate visualisation, presenting the nucleus partially covered by the food vacuoles. In stained preparations by toluidine blue ultrastructure analysis of the morphology of parasite can be obsewed.

  12. Gender, Catholicism, Women’s Spirituality over the Longue Durée

    OpenAIRE

    Lux-Sterritt , Laurence; Mangion , Carmen M.

    2010-01-01

    International audience; This volume emerged from the realization that the history of women religious was attracting the interest of an increasing number of scholars. We noticed the steady growth of the History of Women Religious of Britain and Ireland (H-WRBI), a network of scholars initiated by Carmen Mangion and Caroline Bowden in 2001 to encourage research in the history of women religious. 2 Their annual conferences are consistently well-attended and gather scholars from all parts of the ...

  13. Blood Pressure and Impedance Cardiography duríng Tilt Table Test

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jurák, Pavel; Halámek, Josef; Vondra, Vlastimil; Plachý, M.; Fráňa, P.; Leinveber, Pavel

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 36, - (2009), s. 429-432 ISSN 0276-6574 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA200650801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : blood pressure * heart rate * thoracic impedance cardiography Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering http://cinc.mit.edu/archives/2009/pdf/0429.pdf

  14. La nanotechnologie prolonge la durée de conservation des fruits frais

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 oct. 2015 ... Une équipe de recherche internationale met au point des applications fondées sur la nanotechnologie d'hexanal, un extrait végétal naturel qui permet de ... Des chercheurs de l'Université de Guelph, de la Tamil Nadu Agricultural University en Inde et de l'Industrial Technology Institute au Sri Lanka ...

  15. Etude des efforts et de la température de coupe lors de tournage dur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This investigation is concerned with the cutting force and temperature measurement ... bearing steel AISI 52100 using a Cubic Boron Nitride tool CBN7020. ... The treatment of the results obtained allowed us the deduction of various models, ... A study of the influence of the flank wear on the evolution of cutting force has also ...

  16. The galenic plague: a breakdown of the imperial pathocoenosis. Pathocoenosis and longue durée.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gourevitch, Danielle

    2005-01-01

    Is 'pathocoenosis', a notion conceived and a word coined by Mirko Grmek (1969), useful as far as ancient history is concerned? The author is interested in Galenic pathocoenosis, that of doctor Galen and his Emperor Marcus Aurelius (IInd cent. A.D.), when a new 'pestilence' or 'plague' (smallpox?) devastated the whole empire, from Mesopotamia to the Danube at least.

  17. La tardo-eugenesia en Argentina: un enfoque desde la longue durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda, Marisa A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses Eugenics in Argentina, taking a long term view, exhuming historical continuities that survived over time while ignoring deep contextual changes. Thus, in reference to the history of science (of which the history of Eugenics forms a part we can identify longue duree as part of a transcendent cultural phenomenon. This persistence is motivated by the strength of its principles, enabling it to survive more or less unaffected by events occurring in the environment, which, from another perspective, would cause a reversal of the proposed thesis. This paradigmatic strength, which can also be understood as resistance, in biopolitical terms, has granted some immunity and that, in turn, has allowed Eugenics to produce its own antibodies even after the horrors of Nazism became known.Este trabajo analiza la eugenesia en Argentina desde un enfoque de larga duración, que, como tal, se mantuvo en el tiempo con cierta indiferencia a cambios contextuales profundos. Así, respecto a la historia de la ciencia (dentro de cuyo ámbito se incluye a la historia de la eugenesia puede identificarse esa larga duración como parte de un fenómeno cultural que subsistiera, más o menos incólume, ante eventos habidos en el entorno que, desde otra perspectiva, hubieran implicado un trastocamiento inevitable de la tesis propuesta. Esa fortaleza (o resistencia paradigmática es la que, leída en términos biopolíticos, le ha otorgado a la tardo eugenesia cierta inmunidad y que, a la vez, le ha permitido fabricar sus propios anticuerpos luego de conocidos los horrores del nazismo.

  18. Radioisotopic imaging in large vessel vasculitis; Apport de l'imagerie radioisotopique dans l'arterite inflammatoire des gros vaisseaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huglo, D.; Lambert, M.; Hachulla, E.; Hatron, P.Y.; Steinling, M. [Lille Univ. Nord-de-France, 59 - Lille (France); Huglo, D.; Raynaud, F.; Petyt, G.; Prangere, T.; Steinling, M. [CHU de Lille, Service de Medecine Nucleaire et Imagerie Fonctionnelle, Hopital Huriez, 59 - Lille (France); Huglo, D. [Inserm U703, 59 - Lille (France); Lambert, M.; Hachulla, E.; Hatron, P.Y. [CHU de Lille, Service de Medecine Interne, 59 - Lille (France)

    2009-08-15

    The group of large vessel vasculitis includes giant cell arthritis and Takayasu disease. If mono photonic nuclear medicine can sometimes show some unusual patterns in these diseases, positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose seems have a special attract and provide some indications during the monitoring of these patients. However, most of these indications remain to be validated, specially to differentiate weak vascular wall inflammatory activities from physiological and/or atherosclerotic accumulation. (authors)

  19. École parallèle et dictature des médias par gros temps numériques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Mariet

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Le travail de Louis Porcher a particulièrement porté sur les relations entre institutions éducatives et médias. Là où certains décelaient une rivalité, il aimait imaginer des synergies. Ses analyses ont maintenant 40 ans : que valent-elles à l’époque des médias numériques propulsés par les données massives (big data et l’intelligence artificielle ? La notion même d’institution éducative est à repenser en fonction des développements rapides de l’économie numérique et de la culture qu’elle suscite. Sa clientèle de l’école a changé radicalement. Que devient donc l’éducation au stade de l’économie numérique ?

  20. Impact de l'emballage et de la durée de conservation sur la qualité ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    English Title: Impact of the packaging and conservation on the quality, nutritional and microbiological of sorghum cookies fortified with moringa and Spirulina. English Abstract. Objective: Changes in the quality of two types of sorghum biscuits enriched with 10% moringa and 4% spirulina were studied in two types of ...

  1. Préserver la nature en ville: une Coproduction inscrite dans la longue durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Sander

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Preservar a natureza na cidade : uma coprodução inscrita na longa duraçãoO estudo do parque da Caffarella à Roma permite compreender as maneiras pelas quais as interações entre atores contribuem, à longo prazo, para a preservação dos espaços naturais na cidade e em sua transformação em um patrimônio natural coletivo. Esse parque de 200 hectares constitui o prolongamento, em meio urbano, de um grande parque natural regional de 3.400 hectares. A genealogia das representações desse espaço e das lutas em que ele foi objeto demonstra que as razões da preservação desse espaço da natureza na cidade são múltiplas: as ameaças que pesam sobre o sítio evoluem com o tempo, da mesma forma que os argumentos em favor de sua preservação, bem como a natureza das mobilizações. As escalas geográficas e institucionais em jogo evoluíram muito no tempo: o parque concentra hoje fortes valores simbólicos e em termos de quadro de vida, bem como importantes valores fundiários. Ele está, por outro lado, ao mesmo tempo, no coração das políticas de meio-ambiente à escala regional.

  2. Study of fast electrons from hard-X radiation; Etude des electrons rapides a partir du rayonnement X-dur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arslanbekov, R.

    1995-12-19

    The goal of this thesis is the study of fast electron dynamics by means of the hard X-ray diagnosis installed in TORE SUPRA and numerical simulations. Fast electrons are generated in the plasma in the presence of the injected lower hybrid (LH) waves. Two aspects are studied in detail: the lower hybrid wave propagation and absorption in a periodically perturbed media and 2-D Fokker-Planck modelling of the fast electron dynamics in the presence of the LH power. Ripple effects on lower hybrid wave propagation and absorption are investigated using the ray tracing technique. A cylindrical equilibrium is first studied and a strong modification of the ray dynamics is predicted. Calculations are carried out in a real toroidal geometry corresponding to TORE SUPRA. It is shown that the lack of toroidal axisymmetry of the magnetic field may result in a modification of the ray evolution even if the global ray evolution is governed by the larger poloidal inhomogeneity. Simulation of LH experiments are performed for TORE SUPRA tokamak which has a large magnetic ripple (7% at the plasma edge). By considering ripple perturbation in LH current drive simulations, a better agreement is found with experimental results, in particular with the hard-X spectra and the current density profiles. In the second part of the thesis, a 2-D modeling of the fast electron dynamics in the velocity phase space is considered, based on the 2-D relativistic electron Fokker-Planck equation. Electron distribution functions obtained are used to calculate non-thermal Bremsstrahlung emission for different TORE SUPRA shots in a wide range of experimental conditions. (J.S.). 168 refs., 93 figs., 1 tab., 3 appendix.

  3. Mémoires et conflits: Conflits des mémoires, collision des durées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Vieillard-Baron

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a collision between the durations and between the memories, every time that duration rythms are different. For Bergson there is a difference of degrees of tension between durations but the flow is unique. Ricœur distinguishes many degrees of passeity according to the proximity or the distance. As example he sets the Zauberberg of Thomas Mann. Forgetting and Forgiveness are forms of durations collision. The distensio animi of Saint Augustine means dissipation  Ricœur misunderstands this expression what means for him phenomenological intratemporality, and he goes no further than tearing of soul distant from eternity. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE

  4. An olfactory receptor from Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dur) mainly tuned to volatiles from flowering host plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Shu-Wei; Zhang, Jin; Liu, Yang; Li, Guo-Qing; Wang, Gui-Rong

    2015-08-01

    Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür) (Hemiptera: Miridae) is one of the most serious agricultural pests, feeding on a wide range of cultivated plants, including cotton, cereals and vegetables in the north of China. This insect can frequently switch between habitats and host plants over seasons and prefer plants in bloom. A. lucorum relies heavily on olfaction to locate its host plants finely discriminating different plant volatiles in the environment. Despite its economical importance, research on the olfactory system of this species has been so far very limited. In this study, we have identified and characterized an olfactory receptor which is sensitively tuned to (Z)-3-Hexenyl acetate and several flowering compounds. Besides being present in the bouquet of some flowers, these compounds are produced by plants that have suffered attacks and are supposed to act as chemical messengers between plants. This OR may play an important role in the selection of host plants. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. 10-year prevalence of contact allergy in the general population in Denmark estimated through the CE-DUR method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan; Uter, Wolfgang; Schnuch, Axel

    2007-01-01

    case') assumptions were based on patch test reading data in combination with an estimate of the number of persons eligible for patch testing each year based on sales data of the 'standard series'. The estimated 10-year prevalence of contact allergy ranged between 7.3% and 12.9% for adult Danes older...

  6. As bibliotecas universitárias em perspectiva histórica: a caminho do desenvolvimento durável

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Suzana Cabral Nunes

    Full Text Available RESUMO Apresenta a evolução das bibliotecas universitárias como instituições seculares, cuja evolução dá-se a partir do crescimento bibliográfico e do surgimento das primeiras universidades na Idade Média. O objetivo desse artigo é compreender a evolução das bibliotecas universitárias em uma perspectiva histórica de modo a identificar suas características específicas, seus agentes e os dispositivos adotados por essas instituições difusoras do conhecimento. Utilizou-se de pesquisa bibliográfica e documental para elaboração do artigo e discussão do tema. Conhecer esse percurso histórico possibilita a apreensão dos primeiros vestígios das bibliotecas universitárias e sua evolução, seus percalços e desafios, assim como situa a atuação dos profissionais da informação na condução de ações de mediação e apropriação da informação na perspectiva da formação de indivíduos não apenas competentes em informação, mas capazes de exercer seu protagonismo social.

  7. As bibliotecas universitárias em perspectiva histórica: a caminho do desenvolvimento durável

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Martha Suzana Cabral; Carvalho, Kátia de

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Apresenta a evolução das bibliotecas universitárias como instituições seculares, cuja evolução dá-se a partir do crescimento bibliográfico e do surgimento das primeiras universidades na Idade Média. O objetivo desse artigo é compreender a evolução das bibliotecas universitárias em uma perspectiva histórica de modo a identificar suas características específicas, seus agentes e os dispositivos adotados por essas instituições difusoras do conhecimento. Utilizou-se de pesquisa bibliográfic...

  8. STATE OF JNK AND P38 MAP-KINASE SYSTEM IN BLOOD monon uclea r le ucocytes DUR ING INFLAMMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Y. Chasovskih

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Pogrammed cell death of peripheral blood mononuclear leucocytes from patients with acute inflammatory diseases (non-nosocomial pneumonia, acute appendicitis was investigated under ex vivo conditions, upon cultivation of the cells with selective inhibitors of JNK (SP600125 and р38 МАРК (ML3403. In vitro addition of SP600125 and ML3403 under oxidative stress conditions prevents increase of annexinpositive mononuclear cells numbers, thus suggesting JNK and р38 МАР-kinases to be involved into oxidative mechanisms of apoptosis deregulation. A role of JNK in IL-8 production by mononuclear leucocytes was revealed in cases of acute inflammation. Regulatory effect of JNK and p38 MAP-kinases can be mediated through activation of redox-sensitive apoptogenic signal transduction systems, as well as due to changes in cellular cytokine-producing function.

  9. Conditions de sélection in vitro de cals issus des disques foliaires et des protoplastes de Pelargonium tolérant plus la sécheresse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. MOKHTARI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To induce drought resistance, callus from leaf discs and protoplast of Pelargonium x hortorum (‘Deep Salmon’ and ‘Panaché Sud’ were grown in vitro in osmoticum rich medium. Percent survival of the callus varied with growth medium, variety and concentration of osmoticum. Compared to protoplasts, leaf discs were simple to handle. However, protoplasts growing requires enzymatic additives and delicate procedures. The protoplasts viability was 86% for ‘Deep Salmon’ and 90% for ‘Panaché Sud’. The yield was 5.67 x 106 protoplasts / g FM for ‘Deep Salmon’ and 11.35 x 106 for ‘Panaché Sud’. The callus from leaf discs of the variety Deep Salmon survived a maximum concentration of 0.5 M sucrose and 0.27 M mannitol or sorbitol. A dose of 0.6 M sucrose was the threshold limit for the survival of 12.5% ​​protoplasts with a division ratio of 2% for ‘Deep Salmon’ and 18.7% of protoplasts with a division ratio of 3.2% for ‘Panaché Sud’. For the mannitol, the maximum limit was 0.6 M for a 13.5% viability of protoplasts with a division ratio 3.6% for ‘Deep Salmon’ and 16.1% of protoplasts with a division factor 3 % respectively for ‘Panaché Sud’. The 20% PEG allowed the survival of 21.1% protoplast and a division rate of 0.2% in ‘Deep Salmon’, but it has totally inhibited protoplast division of ‘Panaché Sud’, even at 5%.

  10. Étude théorique et expérimentale du transfert du dioctyl phtalate à partir d'un disque de PVC plastifié plongé dans une huile comestible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djilani, S.-E.; Toubal, A. A.; Messadi, D.

    1998-10-01

    When polymer and liquid are contacted with each other, as in packaging, some mass exchanges may occur, which constitute a major drawback when the liquid is a foodstuff or blood. However, these mass transfers in the polymers can appear as very interesting from the industrial point of view, if one is able to use and control them. It is then necessary to have a good knowledge of these transfer processes which are controlled by diffusion. Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) migration into an edible oil was studied under worst conditions: high plasticization level (50% by weight) and temperature(30 circC). The quantitative analysis of DOP in a such complex liquid medium and in the PVC itself was made easy by the use of the radioactive tracer technique. A simplified mathematical model, obtained by neglecting the oil transport in the PVC, was evaluated. This model based on the research of a finite differences explicit solution allows to reproduce for the DOP, the concentration profiles in the polymer and the kinetics of transfer in the oil, with a P-value ≥ 0.001. La mise en contact polymère-liquide se traduit généralement par des échanges de matière entre les 2 milieux considérés, ce qui constitue un inconvénient majeur lorsque le liquide est un aliment ou le sang. Cependant, ces transferts de matière dans les polymères peuvent apparaître comme très intéressants sur le plan industriel, si l'on est capable de les utiliser et de les contrôler. Il est donc nécessaire d'avoir une bonne connaissance de ces processus de transfert qui sont contrôlés par diffusion. Nous avons étudié la migration du dioctyl phtalate (DOP) dans une huile comestible en nous plaçant dans les conditions les plus défavorables: taux de plastification (50% en poids) et température (30°C) élevés. L'analyse quantitative du DOP dans un milieu liquide aussi complexe et dans le PVC lui- même a été facilitée par l'utilisation de la technique des traceurs radioactifs. Un modèle mathématique simplifié en négligeant le transport de l'huile dans la masse de PVC a été testé. Ce modèle basé sur la recherche d'une solution aux différence finies explicite permet au seuil de 0,1% de reproduire pour le DOP, les profils de concentration dans le polymère et les cinétiques de transfert dans l'huile.

  11. Treatment, as radio-active waste, of large pieces of {proportional_to}-contaminated apparatus (1962); Conditionnement en tant que dechet radioactif de gros materiel contamine en {proportional_to} (1962)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boutot, P; Capitaine, A; Giachetto, I [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1962-07-01

    Two solutions have been adopted: - removal of the material from its original container, treatment in a special container; - treatment of the material directly inside its original protective packing. The treatment of a fluorination oven illustrates the second process. After a thorough cleaning of the enclosure, the oven is fixed in and the contamination held in place by a varnish. The assembly is placed in a special container and covered with shaken-down concrete. The container is shut by means of a welded cover. The operations are carried out under reduced pressure. At the end of this process it is impossible to detect any residual radioactivity. (authors) [French] Deux solutions ont ete adoptees: - extraire le materiel de son enveloppe d'origine et le conditionner dans un container special; - conditionner le materiel directement a l'interieur de la protection d'origine. Le conditionnement d'un four de fluoration illustre le deuxieme procede. Apres un nettoyage complet de l'enceinte, le four en a ete rendu solidaire et la contamination a ete fixee au moyen d'un vernis. L'ensemble a ete place dans un container special et enrobe de beton vibre. Le container a ete ferme par un couvercle soude. L'ensemble des operations a ete realise sous depression. A la suite de ces operations aucune activite residuelle n'a ete decelee. (auteurs)

  12. French wholesale electricity and gas markets in 2007. Monitoring report; Le fonctionnement des marches de gros francais de l'electricite et du gaz naturel en 2007. Rapport de surveillance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-12-15

    Settled on 24 March 2000, the French Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) is an independent authority. CRE supports an efficient functioning of the electricity and natural gas markets, to the advantage of final consumers. CRE ensures the absence of any discrimination, cross subsidy or obstacle to competition. CRE has examined the functioning of the wholesale markets for electricity and gas for the year 2007. The report discloses the results of a first set of analyses, as well as the next actions to be conducted in order to explain some observed behaviour. On the basis of analyses led on the electricity market, CRE observes that nuclear generation was marginal during 15% of the hours in 2007. Hydraulic generation was marginal during 25% of the hours, coal generation during 25% to 30% of the hours and oil generation during less than 2% of the hours in 2007. Finally, prices on the border markets were of high importance on the French prices which they determined during 20% to 25% of the hours of the year. On an efficient market, the price is driven by the marginal power plant among all those which contribute to satisfy the demand. Therefore the wholesale price formation is conditioned by the frequency of marginality of each generation sector and by the associated valuation of production. On the day-ahead market, when nuclear or hydraulic generation was marginal, the day-ahead price reflected the associated valuation which was decided by EDF. The level of this valuation was generally higher than the marginal generation cost of these plants. As a matter of fact, a producer, even market dominant, may legitimately seek to optimise its income, provided that there is no abuse of a dominant position or any price manipulation. Consequently, at this stage, the relevance of the valuation method for nuclear and hydraulic generation on the wholesale market is still to be checked. CRE has also demonstrated that generation transparency, even if it gradually increased, still needs to be improved at this stage. Published information on availability forecasts of power generation facilities were insufficient. Finally, CRE has established that the limited development of competition on the retail market and the implementation of the transitional regulated tariff for balancing markets (TaRTAM) have curbed the increase of the wholesale electricity market's activity. Considering these findings, CRE will carry out audits on the valuation methods used by EDF for its nuclear and hydraulic generation. Based on a public consultation, CRE will also formulate recommendations on generation transparency. On the gas wholesale market, CRE observes that the activity on the wholesale market has grown all along 2007 but remained focused on short-term trading. In particular, little public information was available on the market because most of the deals were concluded without intermediary. Moreover, CRE notes that the supplying conditions of suppliers who are not former incumbents in Europe were not satisfactory. These suppliers had to acquire most of their gas on the French market. In order to improve the transparency of the gas wholesale market, CRE will publish aggregated and anonymous information on the bilateral market according to information on volumes that will be collected from market participants.

  13. Durée de vie des réseaux d’assainissement, modélisation Service life in sewerage system, simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauberthie R.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available La modélisation des systèmes physiques peut parfois être rendue difficile par la présence de bruits et perturbations. Lorsqu’il est possible de faire des hypothèses sur les caractéristiques de ces bruits et perturbations, les approches permettant d’inclure un modèle de ces perturbations dans le modèle du processus sont pertinentes et permettent entre autre de reconstruire l’état du processus. Cependant, ces hypothèses sont rarement satisfaites en pratique et, les modèles eux-mêmes sont parfois entachés d’erreurs. Néanmoins, ces grandeurs et paramètres non mesurés sont amenés à fluctuer entre des bornes relativement bien connues. C’est pourquoi il est naturel de se concentrer sur des estimateurs ensemblistes garantis en tout temps, dans un cadre déterministe à erreurs bornées. Ces méthodes relèvent de l’analyse par intervalles, qui est apparue pour la première fois dans l’ouvrage “Interval Analysis”, de R.E. Moore en 1966. Il a été montré que les modèles ensemblistes sont bien adaptés pour la détection d’aléas ou de défauts de processus et la formulation de diagnostics pertinents quant à l’amélioration du déroulement de processus. Après une présentation des modèles les plus courants, une analyse de l’endommagement des ouvrages d’assainissement de la ville de Rennes est entreprise. Ces ouvrages représentent le réseau unitaire et le réseau des eaux usées du système séparatif et sont constitués de matériaux à base cimentaire, armés ou non. L’endommagement est traduit par l’intermédiaire de différents indicateurs des propriétés des matériaux prélevés dans la ville. A ce jour, nous disposons d’une centaine de prélèvements effectués dans différentes rues et caractérisés par des dates de pose comprise entre 1892 à nos jours. Ainsi, dans ce travail, partant d’un modèle ensembliste du comportement des différents tronçons de canalisation des eaux usées, nous utilisons les techniques les plus récentes d’estimation ensembliste afin de diagnostiquer ces éléments. Une attention particulière est portée sur l’estimation du niveau de corrosion permettant d’envisager la programmation d’une réfection totale ou partielle. Building models of physical systems turns out to be an awkward task by the presence of noise and disturbance. It is not always possible to get information about disturbances and noises acting on the system. This may turn the usual stochastic framework inappropriate. In such cases, assuming bounded uncertainties may be a solution. An interesting way to go is then to use guaranteed estimation methods, which learn the state and/or parameters of the models from data. The set-membership models are well suited for fault detection and for making relevant diagnoses to improve the process evolution. A damage analysis of sewerage structures in Rennes (France is undertaken. These systems (unit network rainwater and wastewater or separate system consist of cement-based materials. The damage is quantified through various indicators of material properties (material extracted in the city. One hundred samples characterized by different streets and laying dates between 1892 and our days are analyzed. Thus, in this work, starting from a set-membership model of the behaviour of different sections of pipe wastewater, we use recent techniques of set-membership estimation to model and diagnose the system. A particular attention is paid to estimating the corrosion level for considering the full or partial rehabilitation.

  14. The study of hard microporous material using the ultrafine section technique (1961); Etude des materiaux microporeux durs par la technique des coupes ultraminces (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magdalena, Th [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    The conventional replica techniques for the examination of surfaces or fractures with the electron microscope are unsuitable for refractories or microporous bodies. The method of cutting ultrafine sections with a diamond cutter, the sample being impregnated with methyl methacrylate, has the advantage of making possible the direct examination by transmission of the sample. (author) [French] Les techniques classiques de repliques pour l'examen de surfaces ou de fractures au microscope electronique sont difficilement applicables aux refractaires et aux microporeux. Les coupes ultraminces au couteau de diamant d'echantillons enrobes dans le methyl-methacrylate ont l'avantage de permettre l'examen direct par transmission des corps etudies. (auteur)

  15. «Tu, solo, con la storia alle spalle». Durs Grünbein e la DDR: un bilancio critico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Vecchiato

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses some of the most significant (post-GDR poems by Grünbein and traces the development of aesthetic and poetological issues that are central to the poet’s oeuvre. It provides an articulated overview of Grünbein’s poetics by examining funda­mental themes like the love/hate attitude towards his hometown Dresden, the comple­mentary concepts of history and memory, and the materialism of the body as an antidote to utopias.

  16. Horacio Durán, Italo Pedrotti, Charango Method – Método de Charango, Mel Bay Publications, INC, Noviembre 2010, 208 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léonardo Garcia

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La edición de métodos dedicados a la ejecución de instrumentos musicales andinos populares ha sido generalmente escasa en comparación su grado de difusión discográfica y a su proyección musical.   La mayoría de las obras editadas remontan a un período relativamente reciente (años 1960, asociándose a las diversas experiencias folk de esa época (Ej. “nueva canción latinoamericana”. Sin embargo, hasta los años 1990 la reticencia a la escritura en este ámbito pareciera primar. Podríamos mencion...

  17. Propuesta de desarrollo del sistema de transporte fluvial como potencial turístico – urbano de durán para transferencia de pasajeros.

    OpenAIRE

    Ruilova Mosquera, Cristina; Guerrero, Jaime

    2009-01-01

    River tourism is currently positioning itself as an economic activity of great interest, especially in areas with this water resource and that in turn creates great appreciation of landscape and environmental value, which can be described as sustainable because the impact on the environment is not significant. This proposal is the development of river transport system in the canton Duran like as tourism potential, offering an alternative that generates tourism visits to the district throug...

  18. Bose-Einstein correlations between hard photons produced in heavy ions collisions; Correlations Bose-Einstein entre photons durs produits dans les collisions d`ions lourds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques Moreno, F M

    1994-06-01

    Heavy-ion collisions offer the unique possibility to create in the laboratory nuclear matter far from equilibrium. The electromagnetic probe constituted by hard photons and the Bose-Einstein correlations were used to study the properties of such a matter (size, density, temperature...). It is shown how the formalism has evolved from Young experiments to heavy-ion collisions experiments. The experiments performed with the photon multidetector TAPS at Ganil are described. The systems studied are: {sup 86}KR + {sup nat}Ni at 60.0 A.MeV, and {sup 181}Ta + {sup 197}Au at 39.5 A.MeV. Results are presented concerning the production of gamma, pi{sup 0}, e{sup +-} and {gamma}{gamma} correlation. The results are interpreted with the help of static and dynamic calculations describing hard photon production in heavy ion collisions. For the first time in Nuclear Physics, the existence of the Bose-Einstein effect for photons in the range of gamma is demonstrated, and the existence of two different photon sources is postulated, reflecting the density oscillations taking place in the nuclear matter created in heavy-ion collisions. (from author) 55 figs., 22 tabs., 76 refs.

  19. Moving Forward, Looking Back--Historical Perspective, "Big History" and the Return of the "Longue Durée": Time to Develop Our Scale Hopping Muscles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkey, Kate

    2015-01-01

    "Big history" is a term receiving a great deal of attention at present, particularly in North America where considerable sums of money have been invested in designing curricula and assessment tools to help teachers teach history at far larger scales of time than normal. Hawkey considers the pros and cons of incorporating components of…

  20. The 30-60-day Intraseasonal Variability of Sea Surface Temperature in the South China Sea dur1ing May-September

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Jiangyu; Wang, Ming

    2018-05-01

    This study investigates the structure and propagation of intraseasonal sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the South China Sea (SCS) on the 30-60-day timescale during boreal summer (May-September). TRMM-based SST, GODAS oceanic reanalysis and ERA-Interim atmospheric reanalysis datasets from 1998 to 2013 are used to examine quantitatively the atmospheric thermodynamic and oceanic dynamic mechanisms responsible for its formation. Power spectra show that the 30-60-day SST variability is predominant, accounting for 60% of the variance of the 10-90-day variability over most of the SCS. Composite analyses demonstrate that the 30-60-day SST variability is characterized by the alternate occurrence of basin-wide positive and negative SST anomalies in the SCS, with positive (negative) SST anomalies accompanied by anomalous northeasterlies (southwesterlies). The transition and expansion of SST anomalies are driven by the monsoonal trough-ridge seesaw pattern that migrates northward from the equator to the northern SCS. Quantitative diagnosis of the composite mixed-layer heat budgets shows that, within a strong 30-60-day cycle, the atmospheric thermal forcing is indeed a dominant factor, with the mixed-layer net heat flux (MNHF) contributing around 60% of the total SST tendency, while vertical entrainment contributes more than 30%. However, the entrainment-induced SST tendency is sometimes as large as the MNHF-induced component, implying that ocean processes are sometimes as important as surface fluxes in generating the 30-60-day SST variability in the SCS.

  1. Unexpected Turns: The Aesthetic, the Pathetic and the Adversarial in the Long Durée of Art’s Histories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griselda Pollock

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In a conference organized at the University of Birmingham in 2012, I was invited to reflect upon the current situation in Art History that is posited as being ‘After the New Art History’. What is this after-ness? Succession? Supersession? Replacement? Exhaustion? Erasure? Fashionability? Dare we ask what kind of ‘killing’ of the past or of Oedipal Feminist Mothers and Marxists Fathers is going on here? Or does this indicate simply that we need new directions in our discipline just to keep it alive? There is certainly a feeling around that we are in a period of transition. Former certainties about the tendencies within the discipline of art history have melted. Is this a sign of our condition as Liquid Modernity? There is a risk, however, of casting the recent past as being ‘over’, to be viewed nostalgically, or gratefully cast into the dustbin of has-been histories so that we can get back to business as normal or find new pastures exciting because they are different. Before I acquiesce to such a trend for newness per se, I want to reconsider what is being said to have come before and now is defined as being over. To do so, I shall argue for an understanding of the long-term nature of any one intervention seeking radically to change the ways we study art and the image, past and present. Equally, I suggest that such long-term projects are themselves subject to historical change, shifting in sensitive response to altered conditions and changed priorities, but also registering their own effects and opening new avenues of analysis. Finally this article performs a reading of the call for papers for the conference in order to tease out critical misrepresentations of the past that we are now supposed to come after. Displacing the model of old and new with notions of parallel trajectories and multiple settlements in the expanding, historically shifting but also deeply structured ‘landscape’ of the discipline, I propose as less phallic model of a field with many threads contributing to its complex engagements with art, with visuality, with subjectivity and with their forms of material and symbolic interaction.

  2. Detection of hard {beta} radiation in water using the Cerenkov effect; Detection des {beta} durs dans l'eau par effet Cerenkov

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turck, B [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-01-01

    The light emitted from a liquid during the passage of a particle of sufficiently high energy can be used to determine the contamination of water by {beta}-emitters. The detector based on this principle requires no special treatment of the water. Particular attention has been paid to the optical yield of the detector. However the excellent sensitivity to which this principle leads can only be attained if the background noise is considerably reduced. The electronics associated with detector make it possible to detect a contamination of 8 x 10{sup -8} {mu}c/cm{sup 3} of strontium-90 in water in about ten minutes. The apparatus presents the double advantage of having a high sensitivity and of being easy to use. Its characteristics make it possible for it to be used for the continuous control of water. (author) [French] La lumiere emise au sein d'un liquide au passage d'une particule suffisamment energetique peut permettre de determiner la contamination d'une eau en emetteurs {beta}. Le detecteur realise sur ce principe ne necessite aucun traitement special de l'eau. Un soin tout particulier a ete apporte a l'etude du rendement optique du detecteur. Cependant l'excellente sensibilite attachee au principe ne peut etre utilisee que si l'on reduit considerablement le bruit de fond. L'electronique associee au detecteur permet de reperer l'existence d'une contamination de 8 x 10{sup -8} {mu}c/cm{sup 3} de strontium-90 dans l'eau en un temps d'une dizaine de minutes. L'appareil presente l'avantage d'allier une grande sensibilite a la facilite d'emploi. Ses performances autorisent son utilisation au controle continu des eaux. (auteur)

  3. Effets de la vitesse et de la durée du remplissage du grain ainsi que de l'accumulation des assimilats de la tige dans l'élaboration du rendement du blé dur (Triticum durum Desf. dans les conditions de culture des hautesplaines orientales d'Algérie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benmahammed A.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Effects of speed and the duration of grain filling and the accumulation of the assimilates of the stem in developing the durum wheat yield (Triticum durum Desf. in the culture conditions of the high plains of eastern Algeria. The present study was led on the experimental site of station ITGC in Setif. The objective is to determine the differences of duration and speed of filling and the contribution of the assimilates of the stems to the yield of 5 durum wheat genotypes (Triticum durum Desf.. The year effect is significant, what explains the fluctuation of the conditions of one growth year to another. The grain yield is associated to the great quantity of assimilates stored and transferred from the stems to the grain filling. The Mbb genotype which has an important stem height transfers more assimilates. The genotypes ADS497 and Deraa present large standard leaves. The beginning of the active phase of the grain filling corresponds to the beginning of the foliar senescence. Mbb presents a slower foliar drying rate, the speed of drying stationary recorded by ADS497 is of -0.5957 cm2 per day. The speed of grain filling is negatively related to the duration of filling. The participation of the assimilates coming from the stem decreases when the environment allows the expression of a better grain yield.

  4. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Boaz

    Materials and methods: Volumes of the different extracts into molten Sabouraud ... Un disque de 2 mm d'agar coupé à partir de la marge de croissance active, les cultures de chaque (dermatophytes ..... packaging of antifungal products.

  5. Amélioration de la résistance à l'usure des outils de travail des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 nov. 2014 ... différents types de disques expérimentaux montés sur un pulvériseur de ... une méthode de mesure de l'usure linéaire et de la forme des disques lors des tests de performance après ..... État de l'auto-organisation du sol et de.

  6. Isolation, expression and comparison of a pectate lyase produced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2010-12-27

    Dec 27, 2010 ... banana industry growing cultivar, Gros Michel. Consequently, Gros Michel was .... activity was indicated by the formation of a red chromagen which had a maximum .... of r-FOC4-PL1 remained (Figure 3d). Figure 4 demon-.

  7. Hard processes and fragmentation in a unified model for interactions at ultra-relativistic energies; Les processus durs et la fragmentation dans un modele unifie pour les interactions aux energies ultra-relativistes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drescher, H.J

    1999-06-11

    In this work we have developed hard processes and string fragmentation in the framework of interactions at relativistic energies. The hypothesis of the universality of high energy interactions means that many elements of heavy ion collisions can be studied and simulated in simpler nuclear reactions. In particular this hypothesis implies that the fragmentation observed in the reaction e{sup +}e{sup -} follows the same rules as in the collision of 2 lead ions. This work deals with 2 nuclear processes: the e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation reaction and the deep inelastic diffusion. For the first process the string model has been developed to simulate fragmentation by adding an artificial breaking of string due to relativistic effects. A monte-Carlo method has been used to determine the points in a Minkowski space where this breaking occurs. For the second reaction, the theory of semi-hard pomerons is introduced in order to define elementary hadron-hadron interactions. The model of fragmentation proposed in this work can be applied to more complicated reactions such as proton-proton or ion-ion collisions.

  8. Relation between hard photon production and impact parameter in heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies; Dependance de la production de photons durs avec le parametre d`impact dans les collisions entre ions lourds aux energies intermediaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez Garcia, G.

    1994-06-01

    Hard photons produced in heavy-ions collisions at intermediate energies have been used in order to study hot and compresses nuclear matter created in these collisions (at Ganil). It was found that Bremsstrahlung radiation emitted in np collisions is the main mechanism of hard-photon production for the whole range of impact parameter. Moreover, it was observed a substantial decrease of the hardness of hard-photon spectrum. The BUU model reproduces very well the experimental results, showing that the hardness of the spectrum reflects, mainly, nuclear-matter compression in the first stage of the collision. A new method was developed to measure the density of the nuclear matter created at the beginning of the collision. BUU results and some experimental evidences point out that a significant contribution of hard photons are produced in the last stage of the collision: thermal hard photons. These photons are sensitive to the density oscillation of nuclear matter. Its production cross-section will constitute a measurement of the compressibility of nuclear matter and its spectrum a measure of the temperature. (from author) 64 figs., 60 refs.

  9. Experimental Assessment of Battery Cycle Life Within the SIMSTOCK Research Program Évaluation expérimentale de la durée de vie de la batterie dans le programme de recherche SIMSTOCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyan P.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The steadiness over time, of on-board Energy Storage Systems (ESS performances is a major issue fora successful and massive diffusion of electrified, hybrid and electric vehicles. Capacity fade and internal resistance increase due to ageing will directly affect vehicle range and performances. Therefore, ESS ageing forecasting remains an important area of investigations. Reaching this goal involves fundamental research on materials, experimentation, simulation and design by the end users. This paper describes the main results of a 3.5-year, 4.2 M€ collaborative research program on battery ageing, SIMSTOCK, which was finished in fall 2011. This program has involved 15 partners among which, research labs, ESS manufacturers, automotive components suppliers and vehicle manufacturers, with the support of the French agency ADEME. This paper will then focus mainly on modeling and simulation of a lithium-ion high power cell tested within the program. First, it describes the development of a numerical equivalent electrical circuit model of battery, associated with a calibration tool and its experimental validation. Secondly, it describes the construction of a Design of Experiments (DOE, its use and validation, for defining mathematical expressions, representing the battery model parameters evolutions, as a function of battery ageing. Thirdly, the paper details a mathematical method created with the aim to take into account the cycling and the calendar effects on battery characteristics during the experiment on tests benches. Finally, the battery model is integrated in a full hybrid vehicle model, on Imagine Lab AMESim simulation platform, to determine, with realistic driving conditions, the impact of battery ageing on the vehicle performance and fuel consumption. La stabilité dans le temps des performances des systèmes embarqués de stockage d’énergie (Energy Storage Systems, ESS est un enjeu majeur pour une diffusion massive et le succès des véhicules électrifiés, hybrides et électriques. L’affaiblissement de la capacité et l’augmentation de la résistance interne due au vieillissement affecteront directement l’autonomie du véhicule et ses performances. Par conséquent, la prévision du vieillissement des ESS reste un domaine important de recherche. Atteindre cet objectif implique des recherches fondamentales sur les matériaux, l’expérimentation, la simulation et la conception. Ce papier décrit les principaux résultats du programme de recherche collaboratif SIMSTOCK qui s’est déroulé pendant 3,5 années avec un budget de 4,2 M € et qui s’est terminé à l’automne 2011. Ce programme a impliqué 15 partenaires parmi lesquels, des laboratoires de recherche, des fabricants d’ESS, des fournisseurs de composants de véhicules et des constructeurs automobiles et il a bénéficié du soutien de l’ADEME. Cet article se concentre principalement sur la modélisation et la simulation d’une cellule lithium-ion haute puissance testée dans ce programme. En premier lieu, est décrit l’élaboration d’un modèle numérique de circuit électrique équivalent de la batterie, associé à un outil de calibration et à sa validation expérimentale. En second, sont présentées la construction d’un plan d’expériences, son utilisation et sa validation, pour la définition des expressions mathématiques représentant les évolutions des paramètres du modèle de batterie en fonction du vieillissement de la batterie. Ensuite le papier détaille la méthode mathématique créée dans le but de prendre en compte le cycle et les effets calendaires sur les caractéristiques de la batterie lors des expériences sur bancs. Enfin, le modèle de batterie est intégré dans un modèle complet du véhicule hybride dans la plateforme de simulation Imagine Lab AMESim, afin de déterminer, avec des conditions de conduite réalistes, l’impact du vieillissement de la batterie sur la performance du véhicule et la consommation de carburant.

  10. Etude de la composition de la carcasse de taurillons Ankole en fonction de l'âge ou poids vif et de l'embouche de courte durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pozy, P.

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Study of carcass composition of Ankole bulls according to weight or age and to duration of fattening period. Thirty two young bulls divided into 2 categories of live weight were used to study the effect of the initial weight and of an intensive fattening period on the composition of the carcass. The slaughterings were carried out in Bujumbura, according to the techniques usually done for the carving of the carcass. A short period of intensive fattening does not improve the composition of the carcass into pieces of great value in butchery.

  11. Tribological study of hard coatings without cobalt intended to isolation components of PWR primary cooling system; Etude tribologique de revetements durs sans cobalt destines aux organes d`isolement du circuit primaire des REP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cachon, L.

    1995-10-18

    The objective is to qualify coatings without cobalt to replace ``Stellites`` coatings in isolation valves of PWR primary cooling system, as Co is activated when passing in the reactor core and contaminated the cooling loop. Three families of coatings were tested: PVD thin films from 1 to 8 {mu}m monolayers of Cr/C{sub x} with x varying between 1.6 and 9.5 at% or multilayers of pure chromium and Cr/C{sub 1.6} at%, coatings with a thickness between 100 and 200 {mu}m of cermets NiCr{sub y} (y varying from 5 to 35 at%) matrix binding chromium or tungsten carbides, and thick coatings 2 mm thickness of cermets Nitronic 60 or Inconel 625 matrix binding 10, 20 or 30% titanium or niobium carbides. Stellite 6 (2 mm) is the reference coating for tribology. Coatings were qualified and selected by thermal shocks, corrosion and plane friction. The thin film and the thick families were disqualified by their destruction or by their high friction coefficient. Then coatings between 100 and 200 {mu}m were used in a valve mock-up working in PWR primary cooling system pressure and temperature conditions. Tests show that these coatings have better wear or tightness performances than stellite 6, except for a slightly higher friction coefficient. (A.B.).

  12. Estudio de factibilidad en la generación eléctrica a partir de un sistema de generación eólica en el km 22 vía Durán - Tambo

    OpenAIRE

    Lopezdomínguez Rivas, Sol David

    2007-01-01

    Para la generación eléctrica en un sistema eólico se necesita una fuente para poder capturar la energía proveniente del viento por lo que se llama el aerogenerador. Es muy indispensable para el proyecto por lo que se necesita un aerogenerador que cumpla los requerimientos que se necesitan para poder implementarlo una vez realizado el estudio de factibilidad. Se definen en general los aerogeneradores según la posición de su eje de rotación, con relación a la dirección del viento. Se dividen en...

  13. Prise en compte des modes de vieillissement dans la modélisation des performances de batteries lithium-ion pour l’évaluation de leur durée de vie en usage automobile

    OpenAIRE

    BAGHDADI , Issam

    2017-01-01

    Lithium batteries are key solutions as power storage systems for several applications including portable devices, aviation, space, and electrified vehicles. Their success is principally due to their high power and energy density. Therefore, several researchers are attempting to develop more powerful, cheaper, longer-lived and more secure batteries. One drawback of lithium batteries is their durability: lithium batteries’ energy and power capability decrease over time. The degradation rate is ...

  14. Lutte contre la pauvreté et capacité d’action des femmes dans la longue durée : une discussion autour du concept d’encastrement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Bähr Caballero

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir des années 1990, une nouvelle version du discours dominant sur le développement fait état de la nécessité de réguler certains aspects du marché et de créer des institutions pour soulager l’impact social de la mise en opération de l’économie de marché. Cette évolution pourrait être interprétée comme un scénario d’inclusion et de ré-encastrement de l’économie, dans la mesure où la construction des activités économiques reconnaît désormais l’existence de conditions sociales et institutionnelles comme étant nécessaires à son fonctionnement. Sommes-nous devant un contre-mouvement visant à contrôler l’expansion du modèle néo-libéral et à ré-encastrer l’économie dans le social ? Dans cet article, nous proposons d’explorer les notions d’encastrement-étayage et d’encastrement-insertion, afin d’éclairer le débat sur le " retour de l’État " et ce, dans le cadre d’une étude de cas sur les femmes paysannes comme actrices du développement au Honduras.From the 90’s on, a new version of the dominant discourse on development mentions the need to regulate certain aspects of the market and to create institutions to alleviate the social impacts of the market economy. This evolution could be interpreted as a scenario for inclusion and reembedding the economy, inasmuch as the construction of economic activities now recognizes the existence of social and institutional conditions as essential to its functioning. Are we in the presence of a counter-movement aiming at controlling the expansion of the neo-liberal model and reembedding the economy in the social? In this article, we propose to explore the notions of embeddedness in its various views (amongst which insertion, in order to contribute to the debate on the « return of the State », in the context of a study on women of Honduras as actors of development.

  15. De la conspiración austracista a la integración a la Nueva Planta : la familia Durán, máximo exponente de la burguesía mercantil en el siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma García Fuertes

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La Guerra de Sucesión constituye uno de los episodios que más han marcado la historia de Cataluña. Sin embargo, este interés aún no ha desvelado todos los interrogantes que suscita el giro dinástico de Cataluña en el año 1705. Entre los muchos puntos oscuros, es preciso avanzar en un mejor conocimiento de las causas que llevaron a los diferentes grupos de la sociedad catalana a su posición política. Así surgió la idea de un estudio monográfico sobre la familia Duran, la dinastía más importante de hombres de negocios de la Barcelona del siglo xviii, no sólo por su posición austracista en la guerra de Sucesión, lo que les acarreó la confiscación de bienes por la autoridad felipista, sino por la rápida integración de la nueva coyuntura generada por los Borbones. En efecto, el camalecnismo político de esta familia perteneciente a la burguesía mercantil, por otro lado nada excepcional, puede resultar ilustrativo para entender la posición de importantes sectores de la sociedad catalana durante la Guerra de Sucesión.The War of Succession is one of the events that most deeply marked the history of Catalonia. However, this interest has not yet revealed all the questions concerning the dinastic shift of Catalonia in 1705. Among other oscure aspects, it is necessary to reach a better knowledge about the reasons that led the different groups of Catalan society to their political position. In this context, the idea arouse to study the Duran familly, the most important dinasty of businessmen in eighteenthcentury Catalonia, not only by his Austracist position in the War of Succession —what brought them the confiscation of all their properties by Philip V's authorities—, but also by their quick integration in the new situation created by the Bourbon Monarchy. In fact, the chamaleon-like political behaviour of this merchant family —otherwise not unusual— can illustrate the political position of important groups of Catalan society during the War of Sucession.

  16. Dégradation du Xyloglucane par les souches de Paenibacillus polymyxa isolées de la rhizosphère du blé dur sur des sols Algériens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souad Athmani-Guemouri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Les espèces du genre Paenibacillus secrètent une variété d’enzymes extracellulaires parmi lesquelles figurent plusieurs types de β glucanases. Nous avons réalisé un test de dégradation du xyloglucane sur 29 souches isolées par immunopiégeage et identifiées à P. polymyxa par le système API50CHB. Ces souches ont été groupées en séries qui correspondent aux échantillons de sols à partir desquels elles avaient été isolées. Des souches de références et des souches type E. coli ont été intégrées lors de cette étude pour comparer leur activité à celles des souches isolées des sols d’Algérie. Les résultats de cette recherche montrent que toutes les souches de P. polymyxa sont capables de dégrader le xyloglucane, alors que les souches des espèces testées n’ont pas cette activité. Ces résultats semblent suggérer que cette propriété est partagée par tous les P. polymyxa et qu’elle n’est pas liée au sol d’origine de nos souches ni à l’ancienneté de culture du blé de ces sols. Nous avons également montré que la xyloglucanase fait partie du pool d’enzymes inductibles qui ne sont normalement présentes qu’à l’état de traces dans les bactéries, et dont la synthèse est amplifiée considérablement en présence de leur substrat.

  17. Synthetic Aperture Processing of Wideband Scattering Measurements Made in the DRDC Atlantic Acoustic Calibration Tank

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    as represented by the Minister of National Defence, 2008 © Sa Majesté la Reine (en droit du Canada), telle que représentée par le ministre de la...des mines ventouses d’entraînement réelles, sur un disque de un mètre de diamètre qui était suspendu dans le bassin d’étalonnage acoustique de RDDC...Atlantique à l’aide d’une perche rotative. Deux disques ont été examinés : un en aluminium et l’autre en fibre de verre . Ces disques ont été tournés

  18. urban consumer willingness to pay for introduced dessert bananas

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) P.O. Box 7065, Kampala, ... the introduced dessert bananas among the urban consumers be done to widen their demand. Key Words: Fusarium wilt, Gros Michel, hedonic model, Musa spp.

  19. Mise en évidence d'une variation intra spécifique chez Botrytis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    25 avr. 2013 ... 2 Présidence de l'Université Ibn Tofaïl, Kenitra, Maroc. Auteur correspondant .... ambiante et sous lumière continue afin de favoriser davantage la .... formation de sclérotes sur les disques foliaires de tomate est observée chez ...

  20. African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) ETUDE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    par un disque rainuré et chauffée par le bas dans un système ouvert. La méthode de .... Les outils mathématiques utilisables sont nombreux et variés, nous nous contenterons de mentionner ici les .... [7] L.Dettwiller, Les instruments d'Optique :.

  1. Effets d'un inhibiteur de la synthèse de la chitine, le diflubenzuron ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SF9) de Spodoptera frugiperda (Lépidoptère), les cellules (PID2) des disques imaginaux des ailes de Plodia interpunctella (Lépidoptère) et des cellules (S2) embryonnaires de Drosophila melanogaster (Diptére). Les résultats obtenus montrent ...

  2. Auditoría ambiental de cumplimiento de la subestación eléctrica de distribución Santa Martha de la CNEL Guayas Los Ríos ubicada en el Cantón Durán en el año 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Rivera, Paúl Cristóbal; Shingre Mora, Julio César

    2013-01-01

    La auditoría ambiental de cumplimiento de una subestación eléctrica es la comprobación o verificación de las operaciones internas en las diferentes etapas sean estas operaciones en condiciones normales o en mantenimientos predictivos, preventivos y correctivos dichas operaciones tienen que estar sujetas conforme a las normas: legales, técnicas y ambientales vigentes en nuestro país. La presente auditoría ambiental realizó las siguientes actividades: determinación de la ubicación geográfic...

  3. The Ethnic Hate Speech was Networked: What Social Media Online Political Discussions Reveal about the 2013 General Elections in Kenya / El discurso étnico del odio se difundió por las redes. Análisis de las discusiones políticas en las redes sociales dur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacinta Mwende Maweu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This chapter examines if the increased political discussions on social media especially Twitter and Face Book before and after the March 4th, 2013 general elections in Kenya translated to a more robust Alternative Public Sphere that broke the hegemony of the traditional media as Agenda setters or an alternative space for the audience to vent out their frustrations and grievances about the election. In the last most contentious elections in 2007, in Kenya, both new and old media were blamed for fueling ethnic hate speech which culminated into the 2007/ 2008 post election violence. It is argued in this chapter that although voting patterns in the March 2013 elections were clearly along ethnic lines just like in 2007, there was no physical post election violence like was the case in 2008. What was clearly evident was Ethnic hate speech before and after the general elections on social media networks. We therefore observe that unlike in 2008 where ethnic violence was fought in the streets, in the 2013 general elections, the ‘Ethnic War was Networked’. The chapter analyses the content of some of the messages send on Twitter and Face Book to argue that social media platforms only acted as alternative spaces for Kenyans to fight out their ethnic political wars and not alternative public spheres for constructive political deliberation. The chapter concludes by observing that social media networks in the 2013 general elections in Kenya acted as ‘Opiums of the Masses’ only serving the function of keeping Kenya ‘quiet and peaceful’ to prevent a repeat of the 2008 post election violence, but not alternative public spheres to facilitate constructive political deliberation. En este artículo se analiza si el aumento de las discusiones políticas sobre las redes sociales, especialmente Twitter y Facebook, antes y después de las elecciones generales en Kenia del 04 de marzo de 2013, se tradujeron en una esfera pública alternativa sólida que rompiera con la hegemonía de los medios de comunicación tradicionales en tanto que fijadores de la agenda, o un espacio alternativo para la audiencia en el que tratar sus frustraciones y quejas sobre las elecciones. En las últimas elecciones más polémicas en Kenia, en 2007, tanto los nuevos medios como los tradicionales fueron acusados de alimentar la incitación al odio étnico, que culminó en la violencia sufrida a finales de 2007 y principios de 2008, después de las elecciones. El argumento de este texto señala que aunque los patrones de voto en las elecciones de marzo 2013 se delinearon claramente siguiendo un patrón étnico al igual que en 2007, no hubo violencia física postelectoral, como ocurrió en 2008. La incitación al odio étnico era ya evidente antes y después de las elecciones generales en las redes sociales. Por lo tanto, observamos que, a diferencia de 2008 donde la violencia étnica se libró en las calles, en las elecciones generales de 2013, esta violencia se canalizó a través de la red. El artículo utiliza el análisis de contenido cualitativo de algunos de los mensajes enviados a través de Twitter y Facebook para sostener que estas plataformas sólo sirvieron para los kenianos como espacios alternativos en los que escenificar su confrontación política étnica, y no como esferas públicas alternativas para la deliberación política constructiva. Por lo tanto, se concluye señalando que las redes sociales en las elecciones generales de 2013 en Kenia actuaron como "el opio del pueblo", que sólo sirvió para mantener Kenia tranquila y pacífica, con el fin de evitar que se repitiera la violencia post-electoral de 2008, pero no como esfera pública alternativa que facilitara la deliberación política constructiva.

  4. Prévention des TMS dans la durée : des acteurs institutionnels facilitent une démarche d’entreprise Sustainable prevention of musculoskeletal disorders: institutional actors make a company approach easier Prevención de las lesions músculo esqueléticas a largo plazo: los actors institucionales facilitan un proceso en la empresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Tayar

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Un projet départemental de prévention des TMS est né en 2003 à l’initiative du Service Médical Inter-entreprises de l’Anjou et de l’Action Régionale pour l’Amélioration des Conditions de Travail des Pays de Loire pour répondre aux difficultés des entreprises à mettre en place des projets efficaces et pérennes. Il réunit dans un engagement pour 5 ans, 6 entreprises volontaires qui en acceptent les exigences.Les acteurs institutionnels de prévention apportent, dans une approche pluridisciplinaire, une méthodologie de projet et la possibilité d’échanges et de retours d’expérience entre les entreprises. Cet accompagnement est orienté sur la constitution de groupes de travail animés par des consultants privés pour réfléchir sur des situations à risques de TMS et mettre en commun des décisions de changement.Après 3 ans de conduite du projet dans un abattoir de viande bovine, un processus d’appropriation est à l’œuvre. Les évaluations mettent en lumière des changements humains, organisationnels et techniques. Cette expérience interroge le rôle des acteurs institutionnels et l’intérêt de l’articulation entre les acteurs externes et internes à l’entreprise.A departmental musculoskeletal disorder (MSD prevention project was begun in 2003 on the initiative of the Anjou inter-company medical service and the Regional action for the improvement of working conditions in the Pays de Loire to respond to companies’ difficulties in establishing effective and ongoing projects. It brought together 6 volunteer companies in a commitment to a 5-year agreement.The institutional prevention actors provide, in a multi-disciplinary approach, a project methodology and the opportunity for exchanges and feedback between the companies. This accompanying action focused on the creation of working groups led by private consultants to consider situations that could lead to musculoskeletal disorders and to share decisions for change.After the project had been conducted in a bovine slaughterhouse for 3 years, an adaptation process is now being carried out. The evaluations are revealing human, organizational and technical changes. This experiment questions the role of institutional actors and the interest of the link between external actors and actors inside the company.Un proyecto departamental de prevención de las lesiones músculo esqueléticas (LMS nació en el 2003, a iniciativa del Servicio Médico Inter-empresas de Anjou y de la Acción Regional por la Mejora de las Condiciones de Trabajo de los Países de Loire. El proyecto reune, con un compromiso de 5 años, 6 empresas voluntarias que aceptaron las exigencias, con el fin dar respuesta a las dificultades que las empresas tienen para implementar proyectos eficaces y perennes. Los actores institucionales de prevención aportan en un enfoque pluridisciplinario, una metodología de proyecto y la posibilidad de intercambios y de retorno de experiencia entre las empresas. Este acompañamiento esta orientado a la constitución de grupos de trabajo animados por consultantes privados para reflexionar sobre situaciones a riesgo de LMS y para poner en común las decisiones de cambio. Luego de conducir el proyecto durante 3 años en un matadero de carne bovina, un proceso de apropiación esta en curso. Las evaluaciones muestran cambios individuales, organizacionales y técnicos. Esta experiencia interroga el rol de los actores institucionales y el interés de la articulación entre actores internos y externos a la empresa.

  5. Des animaux pour humaniser les soins : Éthique des soins et récits de zoothérapie canine auprès de résidents de centres d’hébergement de soins de longue durée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kilsdonk, Caroline

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In animal assisted therapy, people can both benefit from interactions and relationships with a human and an animal. This text presents some anecdotal experiences to illustrate how pet therapy can contribute to the social and emotional well-being of patients. This text emphasizes that our social nature makes an ethics of care possible for caregivers and necessary for patients, all while drawing a parallel between the skills of my dogs and my own. I also plead for us not neglect the socio-emotional needs of patients.

  6. Effect of drug utilization reviews on the quality of in-hospital prescribing: a quasi-experimental study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chabot Isabelle

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Drug utilization review (DUR programs are being conducted in Canadian hospitals with the aim of improving the appropriateness of prescriptions. However, there is little evidence of their effectiveness. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of both a retrospective and a concurrent DUR programs on the quality of in-hospital prescribing. Methods We conducted an interrupted time series quasi-experimental study. Using explicit criteria for quality of prescribing, the natural history of cisapride prescription was established retrospectively in three university-affiliated hospitals. A retrospective DUR was implemented in one of the hospitals, a concurrent DUR in another, whereas the third hospital served as a control. An archivist abstracted records of all patients who were prescribed cisapride during the observation period. The effect of DURs relative to the control hospital was determined by comparing estimated regression coefficients from the time series models and by testing the statistical significance using a 2-tailed Student's t test. Results The concurrent DUR program significantly improved the appropriateness of prescriptions for the indication for use whereas the retrospective DUR brought about no significant effect on the quality of prescribing. Conclusion Results suggest a retrospective DUR approach may not be sufficient to improve the quality of prescribing. However, a concurrent DUR strategy, with direct feedback to prescribers seems effective and should be tested in other settings with other drugs.

  7. Rotor calculations for neutron spectroscopy; Calculs des rotors de spectrometres a neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gobert, G [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    The determination of stress in a rotating disk plane of symmetry normal to the axis of rotation has been studied by a number of investigators. In a recent paper Reich gives an operating process for an analytical solution in an asymmetric rotating disk. In the report we give the calculation of finite difference stress solutions applicable to the two rotating disks. The equations are then programmed for the 360.75 computer by Fortran methods concerning the rotors of choppers. (author) [French] La determination des contraintes dans les disques symetriques, en rotation a ete etudiee par de nombreux auteurs. Dans un recent rapport, Reich donne une solution pour le calcul des disques asymetriques. Ce rapport concerne l'application du calcul des contraintes par differences finies aux deux types de rotors. Les equations ecrites en langage Fortran pour l'ordinateur 360.75 concerne les rotors de choppers. (auteur)

  8. Brownfields to green fields: Realising wider benefits from practical contaminant phytomanagement strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundy, A B; Bardos, R P; Puschenreiter, M; Mench, M; Bert, V; Friesl-Hanl, W; Müller, I; Li, X N; Weyens, N; Witters, N; Vangronsveld, J

    2016-12-15

    Gentle remediation options (GROs) are risk management strategies or technologies involving plant (phyto-), fungi (myco-), and/or bacteria-based methods that result in a net gain (or at least no gross reduction) in soil function as well as effective risk management. GRO strategies can be customised along contaminant linkages, and can generate a range of wider economic, environmental and societal benefits in contaminated land management (and in brownfields management more widely). The application of GROs as practical on-site remedial solutions is still limited however, particularly in Europe and at trace element (typically metal and metalloid) contaminated sites. This paper discusses challenges to the practical adoption of GROs in contaminated land management, and outlines the decision support tools and best practice guidance developed in the European Commission FP7-funded GREENLAND project aimed at overcoming these challenges. The GREENLAND guidance promotes a refocus from phytoremediation to wider GROs- or phyto-management based approaches which place realisation of wider benefits at the core of site design, and where gentle remediation technologies can be applied as part of integrated, mixed, site risk management solutions or as part of "holding strategies" for vacant sites. The combination of GROs with renewables, both in terms of biomass generation but also with green technologies such as wind and solar power, can provide a range of economic and other benefits and can potentially support the return of low-level contaminated sites to productive usage, while combining GROs with urban design and landscape architecture, and integrating GRO strategies with sustainable urban drainage systems and community gardens/parkland (particularly for health and leisure benefits), has large potential for triggering GRO application and in realising wider benefits in urban and suburban systems. Quantifying these wider benefits and value (above standard economic returns) will be

  9. Composition chimique et activité antibactérienne des Huiles ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    car la recherche des nouveaux médicaments est continuelle [1]. Les limites ... les huiles essentielles offre de nouvelles perspectives thérapeutiques. En effet, depuis quelques années, un intérêt accru est porté sur les huiles essentielles ayant montré des .... essentielle par mesure du diamètre d'inhibition, autour d'un disque ...

  10. De l'isohypse à sa représentation en 3 dimensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis CARA

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available Les deux étapes nécessaires à la réalisation des blocs diagrammes en trois dimensions sont décrites; une étape de digitalisation permet de stocker sur disque des informations topographiques; une étape de programmation permet une interpolation des points et une modification de la perspective du bloc. Quelques domaines d'application sont ensuite donnés.

  11. Mechanical time-shutter for spectrograph with exposure times from 1.5 {mu}s to 3 ms; Un obturateur mecanique pour spectrographe dont le temps d'exposition varie de 1,5 microseconde a 3 millisecondes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, L; Drawin, H W [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Association Euratom - CEA, Groupe de Recherches sur la Fusion Controlee, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    A mechanical time-shutter for exposure-times ranging from l,5 {mu}s to 3 ms is described. The apparatus is designed for spectrographic observations of pulsed electrical discharges which show rapidly varying spectral emissivities. For the mechanical part of the shutter we used a specially formed fast rotating disk having a slit. Triggering of the discharge is achieved by the rotating disk - in connection with photocells. Both the instant at which - after the beginning of the electrical discharge - the exposure shall begin, and the duration of exposure which will then follow can be 'preselected' on a special electronic control device. All functions: rotation of the disk - ignition of the discharge - exposure - switch-off of the disk are controlled electronically. The principle and the main electronic control parts of this versatile instrument are described. (authors) [French] On decrit un obturateur spectrographique rapide ayant des temps d'exposition allant de 1,5 {mu}s a 3 ms. L'obturateur est concu pour faire des observations spectrographiques de decharges pulsees dont l'emission spectrale varie rapidement. En ce qui concerne la partie mecanique nous avons utilise un disque comprenant une fente, qui tourne devant la fente d'entree du spectrographe. L'amorcage de la decharge est assure par le disque lui-meme, a l'aide de cellules photoelectriques. L'instant a partir duquel l'observation doit commencer - apres avoir amorce la decharge -, ainsi que la duree d'exposition qui suit, peuvent etre preselectionnes sur un tiroir electronique. Toutes les fonctions: mise en rotation du disque - amorcage de la decharge - exposition - freinage du disque se suivent automatiquement. Le principe ainsi que les circuits electroniques de controle de cet appareil sont decrits. (auteur)

  12. Coordinence en catalyse hétèrogène appliquée Coordination in Applied Heterogeneous Catalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montarnal R.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available L'exposé concerne l'activation des paraffines et des oléfines en présence d'hydrogène sur les métaux du groupe VIII. L'activation des paraffines fait intervenir les voies d'hydrogénolyse, d'isomérisation et de cyclisation. La profondeur d'hydrogénolyse permet de proposer un classement des métaux selon l'ordre croissant de la force de la liaison, paraffine chimisorbée-métal Pd-Pt-Ir-Rh-Ru-Os-Ni-Co-Fe L'activité spécifique d'hydrogénolyse, portée alors en fonction de la force de cette liaison, passe par un maximum autour de la position de Rh - Ru - Os. Les activités d'isomérisation et de cyclisation passent, par un maximum, pour la position de Pt. On retrouve ainsi la notion de force optimale de chimisorption pour catalyser une transformation précise. Sur la base des notions développées par Pearson, on peut alors considérer que la paraffine chimisorbée intervient plutôt en qualité de base «dure» de telle façon que la force de la liaison paraffine métal, augmente avec le caractère «dur» du métal. L'effet des ligands dans la sphère de coordination du site catalytique est ensuite analysé, en distinguant les ligands introduits lors de la préparation du catalyseur et ceux amenés par la phase réactionnelle. Les modifications ainsi apportées au caractère « dur ou mou » du site catalytique, conduisent à prévoir le sens de variation de l'activité d'hdrogénolyse ou de cyclisation. L'expérience confirme en gros les prévisions. L'étude de l'activation des oléfines est limitée au cas de l'éthylène, pour lequel on examine l'activité de l'hydrogénation et de l'échange éthylène-deutérium. La valeur de la multiplicité de cet échange permet de proposer un classement des métaux selon l'ordre croissant de la force de la liaison oléfine-métal Fe - Co-Ni-Ru-Rh-Os-Ir-Pt L'activité d'hydrogénation portée alors en fonction de la force de cette liaison, passe par un maximum autour (également de la position

  13. Formation des etoiles massives dans les galaxies spirales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lelievre, Mario

    Le but de cette thèse est de décrire la formation des étoiles massives dans les galaxies spirales appartenant à divers types morphologiques. L'imagerie Hα profonde combinée à une robuste méthode d'identification des régions HII ont permis de détecter et de mesurer les propriétés (position, taille, luminosité, taux de formation d'étoiles) de plusieurs régions HII situées dans le disque interne (R influencer de façon significative la stabilité des nuages moléculaires face à l'effondrement gravitationnel. D'une part, l'étendue du disque de régions HII pour cinq galaxies de l'échantillon coïncide avec celle de l'hydrogène atomique. D'autre part, en analysant la stabilité des disques galactiques, on conclue qu'en incluant la densité des étoiles vieilles présentes, on arrive à mieux contraindre le rayon à partir duquel aucune formation d'étoiles ne devrait se produire dans les galaxies.

  14. Theoretical galactic cosmic ray electron spectrum obtained for sources of varying geometry; Spectre theorique des electrons du rayonnement cosmique dans la galaxie obtenu pour des sources a geometrie variable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, M E [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    Jokipii and Meyer have recently obtained an electron density energy spectrum of the cosmic rays, originating in the Galaxy, using integral solutions of the steady state transfer equations, by considering a circular cylindric galactic disc as source and approximating the resulting fourth order integral. In this report, we present general results, obtained by using an arbitrary circular cylindric source, without restricting ourselves to the galactic disc. The integrals are treated exactly. The conclusions of Jokipii and Meyer form special cases of these results. We also obtain an exponential energy variation which, at the moment, is not observed experimentally. The second part of this work deals with more complicated, but perhaps more realistic models of elliptic cylindric and ellipsoidal galactic disc sources. One may also note that a very large source concentrated in a very small region gives a spectrum not unlike that for a small source distributed throughout a large volume. Finally, it may be remarked that the model adopted is much less restrictive than the artificial conception of 'leakage time' followed by other workers. (author) [French] Jokipii et Meyer ont dernierement obtenu un spectre d'energie pour les electrons galactiques dans le rayonnement cosmique, en utilisant les solutions des equations de transfert, a l'etat stationnaire, ces dernieres etant sous forme d'integrales, en prenant une source completement diffusee dans le disque galactique, celui-ci etant hypothetiquement choisi comme circulaire et cylindrique et en faisant une approximation sur l'integrale du quatrieme degre. Dans ce rapport, nous presentons des resultats generaux obtenus en faisant appel a une source, diffusee dans un cylindre circulaire, arbitrairement choisi, c'est-a-dire sans nous restreindre au disque galactique comme source. Les integrales sont traitees d'une maniere exacte. Les conclusions de Jokipii et Meyer constituent des cas speciaux des resultats precedents. Nous obtenons

  15. 2018-03-26T23:17:44Z https://www.ajol.info/index.php/index/oai oai ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    article/57265 2018-03-26T23:17:44Z ajia:ART 'Big Think', Disjointed Incrementalism: Chinese Economic Success and Policy Lessons for Africa, or the Case for Pan-Africanism Gros, J-G Chinese economic success is not the product of free ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2 juil. 2015 ... Abstract. La maladie de Horton (MH) est une vascularite granulomateuse des gros vaisseaux du sujet âgé. L'atteinte cardiaque reste exceptionnelle au cours de cette affection et est souvent la conséquence de l'aortite inflammatoire. Nous rapportons une observation exceptionnelle de bloc auriculo-.

  17. banana cultivar distribution in rwanda abstract résumé

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Gisubi (ABB), Gros Michel (AAA), and 'Kamaramasenge'. (AAB) were the most abundant. Farms with a higher proportion of Gisubi contained fewer other cultivars. Also, new cultivars were identified and these should be added to the National Banana germplasm collection. Key Words: Cultivars, diversity indexes, germplasm, ...

  18. Small scale banana farmers' awareness level and adoption of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Descriptive statistics and binary logit regression were employed for data analyses. The results show that although majority of the farmers (96.67%) were aware of and had access to improved banana varieties, only 15.83% of them adopted the use of improved planting materials. Gros mitchel, Cavendish and sweet bananas ...

  19. 2520-IJBCS-Article-Emile N Houngbo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Agadès) et l'oignon Dendi de Malanville (ou oignon rouge, oignon local). Les caractéristiques qui les distinguent sont les suivantes. L'oignon de Galmi : Moyennement gros par rapport à l'oignon rouge ; peau relativement lisse ; moins difficile à conserver; moins piquant (moins acide) ; donne une saveur agréable à la sauce ...

  20. Hot water treatments delay cold-induced banana peel blackening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Promyou, S.; Ketsa, S.; Doorn, van W.G.

    2008-01-01

    Banana fruit of cv. Gros Michel (Musa acuminata, AAA Group, locally called cv. Hom Thong) and cv. Namwa (Musa x paradisiaca, ABB Group) were immersed for 5, 10 and 15 min in water at 42 degrees C, or in water at 25 degrees C (control), and were then stored at 4 degrees C. Hot water treatment for 15

  1. Pengaruh Daun Tanaman dalam Pemeraman terhadap Perkembangan Antraknos pada Pisang Ambon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toekidjo Martoredjo

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Using plant leaves such as banana leaves, glyricidia leaves, and rice straw for ripening resulted in lower ripening stage score than control or using chemical such as ethrel, although statistically they are not siginificantly different. Glyricidia leaves and rice straw inhibit disease symptom representing anthracnose (Colletotrichum musae development on Gros-Michel banana. Key words: anthracnose, fruit-ripening stage

  2. Changes in antioxidant and fruit quality in hot water-treated ‘Hom Thong’ banana fruit during storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    The effects of hot water treatment on antioxidant phytochemicals and fruit quality were investigated in banana fruit of cv. Gros Michel (Musa acuminata, AAA Group, locally called cv. Hom Thong) by immersing fruits in hot water (50 'C) for 10 min, before storage at 25 'C for 10 days or 14 'C for 8 da...

  3. Journal of East African Natural History - Vol 89 (2000)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10.2982/0012-8317(2000)89[73:ASOTSM]2.0.CO;2 · Status of the cheetah in Tanzania in the mid 1990's · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. PM Gros, 85-100. Germination of important East ...

  4. Premières données sur la pêche crevettière du fleuve Bandama ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    °20' de latitude. Nord et 4°90'- 5°00' de longitude Ouest. Cette zone est caractérisée par un substrat fait de gros rochers, de sables et de graviers. Trois localités ont été retenues pour les enquêtes : la localité de Taabo, avec les stations.

  5. Les maladies infectieuses | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    assainissement médiocre, des planchers de terre, de la volaille vivante dans la maison et des réduves cachés dans les fentes des murs de brique crue. Nombre d'habitants ignoraient que ces gros insectes étaient vecteurs de la ...

  6. Caracterisation pratique des systemes quantiques et memoires quantiques auto-correctrices 2D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landon-Cardinal, Olivier

    approche, dite de tomographie variationnelle, propose de reconstruire l'etat en restreignant l'espace de recherche a une classe variationnelle plutot qu'a l'immense espace des etats possibles. Un etat variationnel etant decrit par un petit nombre de parametres, un petit nombre d'experiences peut suffire a identifier les parametres variationnels de l'etat experimental. Nous montrons que c'est le cas pour deux classes variationnelles tres utilisees, les etats a produits matriciels (MPS) et l'ansatz pour intrication multi-echelle (MERA). Memoires quantiques auto-correctrices 2D. Une memoire quantique auto-correctrice est un systeme physique preservant de l'information quantique durant une duree de temps macroscopique. Il serait done l'equivalent quantique d'un disque dur ou d'une memoire flash equipant les ordinateurs actuels. Disposer d'un tel dispositif serait d'un grand interet pour l'informatique quantique. Une memoire quantique auto-correctrice est initialisee en preparant un etat fondamental, c'est-a-dire un etat stationnaire de plus basse energie. Afin de stocker de l'information quantique, il faut plusieurs etats fondamentaux distincts, chacun correspondant a une valeur differente de la memoire. Plus precisement, l'espace fondamental doit etre degenere. Dans cette these, on s'interesse a des systemes de particules disposees sur un reseau bidimensionnel (2D), telles les pieces sur un echiquier, qui sont plus faciles a realiser que les systemes 3D. Nous identifions deux criteres pour l'auto-correction: - La memoire quantique doit etre stable face aux perturbations provenant de l'environnement, par exemple l'application d'un champ magnetique externe. Ceci nous amene a considerer les systemes topologiques 2D dont les degres de liberte sont intrinsequement robustes aux perturbations locales de l'environnement. - La memoire quantique doit etre robuste face a un environnement thermique. Il faut s'assurer que les excitations thermiques n'amenent pas deux etats fondamentaux

  7. Residual oxygen time model for oxygen partial pressure near 130 kPa (1.3 atm).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shykoff, Barbara E

    2015-01-01

    A two-part residual oxygen time model predicts the probability of detectible pulmonary oxygen toxicity P(P[O2tox]) after dives with oxygen partial pressure (PO2) approximately 130 kPa, and provides a tool to plan dive series with selected risk of P[O2tox]. Data suggest that pulmonary oxygen injury at this PO2 is additive between dives. Recovery begins after a delay and continues during any following dive. A logistic relation expresses P(P[O2tox]) as a function of dive duration (T(dur)) [hours]: P(P[O2tox]) = 100/[1+exp (3.586-0.49 x T(dur))] This expression maps T(dur) to P(P[O2tox]) or, in the linear mid-portion of the curve, P(P[O2tox]) usefully to T(dur). For multiple dives or during recovery, it maps to an equivalent dive duration, T(eq). T(eq) was found after second dives of duration T(dur 2). Residual time from the first dive t(r) = T(eq) - T(dur2). With known t(r), t and T(dur) a recovery model was fitted. t(r) = T(dur) x exp [-k x((t-5)/T(dur)2], where t = t - 5 hours, k = 0.149 for resting, and 0.047 for exercising divers, and t represents time after surfacing. The fits were assessed for 1,352 man-dives. Standard deviations of the residuals were 8.5% and 18.3% probability for resting or exercise dives, respectively.

  8. Contribution à l'inventaire et à la domestication des espèces ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 juin 2014 ... de nombreuses espèces végétales ont disparu ou se sont raréfiées, essentiellement ..... Tableau 4 : Durée de séjour en pépinière des essences en fonction du matériel végétal utilisé. Durée de séjour. Durée courte (3-6 ... conscience sur l'importance socioéconomique de ces produits et les désagréments ...

  9. Bicarbonate kinetics in Indian males

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Madhu

    ized kinetics of bicarbonate using a three-compartment model, to assess which compartmental fluxes changed dur- .... total VCO2 was < 3 % and the average respiratory quotient ..... a part of the nonrespiratory losses of 13CO2 occur to this.

  10. housing tenure, residential moves and children's educational

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE IN ACCRA,. GHANA ... Given equal family income and other back- ground opportunities, children ... between housing environment experienced dur- ing childhood and .... pils by evaluating parent and student responses. ..... mental health and behaviour: Structural equation ...

  11. Mineralogy and chemistry of manganese nodules from the Southern part of Carlsberg Ridge

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Karisiddaiah, S.M.

    of todorokite. Scanning electron micrographs indicate that they are made up of small and large botryoids; and occasional platelets of todorokite, within cavities formed dur to post depositional recrystallization. X-ray diffraction patterns do not show any peaks...

  12. Volpe Center Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA) : FY 2013 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Technology transfer activities performed by the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center during fiscal year 2013 in fulfillment of statutory Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA) responsibilities are summarized in this report. Dur...

  13. Best practices of using shotcrete for wall fascia and slope stabilization (phase 1 study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Shotcrete has become attractive and holds potential to replace cast-in-place (CIP) concrete for elements like retaining walls and slope stabilization. However, this practice is still limited due to concerns of drying shrinkage cracking, long-term dur...

  14. 42 CFR 456.702 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Drug Use Review (DUR) Program and Electronic Claims Management System..., experienced by a patient, due to a course of drug therapy. Appropriate and medically necessary means drug...

  15. Test report : alternative fuels propulsion durability evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    This document, prepared by Honeywell Aerospace, Phoenix, AZ (Honeywell), contains the final : test report (public version) for the U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Aviation : Administration (USDOT/FAA) Alternative Fuels Propulsion Engine Dur...

  16. Comparing the Medicaid Retrospective Drug Utilization Review Program Cost-Savings Methods Used by State Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prada, Sergio I

    2017-12-01

    The Medicaid Drug Utilization Review (DUR) program is a 2-phase process conducted by Medicaid state agencies. The first phase is a prospective DUR and involves electronically monitoring prescription drug claims to identify prescription-related problems, such as therapeutic duplication, contraindications, incorrect dosage, or duration of treatment. The second phase is a retrospective DUR and involves ongoing and periodic examinations of claims data to identify patterns of fraud, abuse, underutilization, drug-drug interaction, or medically unnecessary care, implementing corrective actions when needed. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services requires each state to measure prescription drug cost-savings generated from its DUR programs on an annual basis, but it provides no guidance or unified methodology for doing so. To describe and synthesize the methodologies used by states to measure cost-savings using their Medicaid retrospective DUR program in federal fiscal years 2014 and 2015. For each state, the cost-savings methodologies included in the Medicaid DUR 2014 and 2015 reports were downloaded from Medicaid's website. The reports were then reviewed and synthesized. Methods described by the states were classified according to research designs often described in evaluation textbooks. In 2014, the most often used prescription drugs cost-savings estimation methodology for the Medicaid retrospective DUR program was a simple pre-post intervention method, without a comparison group (ie, 12 states). In 2015, the most common methodology used was a pre-post intervention method, with a comparison group (ie, 14 states). Comparisons of savings attributed to the program among states are still unreliable, because of a lack of a common methodology available for measuring cost-savings. There is great variation among states in the methods used to measure prescription drug utilization cost-savings. This analysis suggests that there is still room for improvement in terms of

  17. Lunchkonsert:orgelfestival

    OpenAIRE

    Segurado, Joao

    2012-01-01

    12.30 Lunchkonsert. Musikhogskolan, orgelsalen.Sverker Jullander, orgel.Svenskt 1900-talStig Gustav Schonberg - Toccata concertante I (1954)f. 1933Hilding Rosenberg Preludio e fuga (1948)1892 -1985Erland von Koch Kontraster (1973)1910- 2009 - Ritmo - Misterioso - GiubiolosoEmil Sjögren Ur "Legender" (tr. 1907)1853-1918 - Legend B-dur - Legend c-moll - Legend D-durOtto Olsson Preludium och fuga diss-moll, op. 56 (1935)1879-1964

  18. Probiotic Properties of Exopolysaccharide-Producing Lactobacillus Strains Isolated from Tempoyak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eilaf Suliman Khalil

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Tempoyak is a functional Malaysian food (an acid-fermented condiment which is produced from the pulp of the durian (Durio zibethinus fruit. The current study aimed to isolate and identify potential exopolysaccharide (EPS-producing Lactobacillus strains from tempoyak for potential use as probiotics. Seven isolates (DUR2, DUR4, DUR5, DUR8, DUR12, DUR18, and DUR20 out of 44 were able to produce EPS, and exhibited resistance to acid and bile salt compared to the reference strains Lactobacillus rhmnosus (ATCC53103 and L. plantarum (ATCC8014. The seven isolated strains belonged to five different species—L. plantarum, L. fermentum, L. crispatus, L. reuteri, and L. pentosus—which were identified using API 50 CHL and 16S rRNA gene sequences (Polymerase chain reaction, PCR – based. The seven strains displayed different ability to produce EPS (100–850 mg/L. Isolates exhibited a high survivability to acid (pH 3.0, bile salts (0.3%, and gastrointestinal tract model (<70%. Results showed that the auto-aggregation and cell surface hydrophobicity ranged from 39.98% to 60.09% and 50.80% to 80.53%, respectively, whereas, the highest co-aggregation value (66.44% was observed by L. fermentum (DUR8 with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The isolates showed good inhibitory activity against tested pathogens, high antioxidant activity (32.29% to 73.36%, and good ability to reduce cholesterol (22.55% to 75.15%. Thus, the seven tested strains have value as probiotics.

  19. Improving Military Integration in Coalitions in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    of California, Santa Cruz , April 3, 2009), http://history.ucsc.edu/undergraduate/undergraduate-research/electronic- journal/journal-pdfs/Edwards2009...44 José Manuel Durão Barroso, François Hollande, and Dioncounda Traoré, “International Donors...media/Brief_28.pdf. Barroso, José Manuel Durão, François Hollande, and Dioncounda Traoré. “International Donors Conference Joint Chairs’ Conclusions

  20. Impact of doctors' resistance on success of drug utilization review system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jong Soo; Yun, Seong Hyeon; Kim, Dongsoo; Park, Seung Woo

    2014-04-01

    The drug utilization review (DUR) system, which checks any conflict event of medications, contributes to improve patient safety. One of the important barriers in its adoption is doctors' resistance. This study aimed to analyze the impacts of doctors' resistance on the success of the DUR system. This study adopted an augmented the DeLone and McLean Information System (D&M IS) Success Model (2003), which used doctors' resistance as a socio-technological measure. This study framework is the same as that of the D&M IS Success Model in that it is based on qualities, such as system, information, and services. The major difference is that this study excluded the variable 'use' because it was not statistically significant for mandatory systems. A survey of doctors who used computers to enter prescriptions was conducted at a Korean tertiary hospital in February 2012. This study is very meaningful in that it is the first study to explore the success factors of the DUR system associated with doctors' resistance. Doctors' resistance to the DUR system was not statistically associated with user usefulness, whereas it affected user satisfaction. The results indicate that doctors still complain of discomfort in using the DUR system in the outpatient clinical setting, even though they admit that it contributes to patient safety. To mitigate doctors' resistance and raise user satisfaction, more opinions from doctors regarding the DUR system have to be considered and have to be reflected in the system.

  1. Recherche pour le développement — Vietnam | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    11 janv. 2011 ... L'expression Doi Moi (en gros, « reconstruction») a été adoptée en 1986 pour décrire un ensemble de politiques conçues pour favoriser un « socialisme de marché » grâce à d'importantes mesures de libre entreprise, tout en préservant la primauté politique et le pouvoir de gouverner du Parti communiste.

  2. Effect of a New Local Anesthetic Buffering Device on Pain Reduction During Nerve Block lnjections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-10

    the anticipation of pain associated with dental care is a significant deterrent in seeking treatment. With the advent of modern local anesthesia ...eliminate pain from dental injection to include: application of topical anesthesia , tissue pressure/vibration, cold application, and buffering of the local ...anesthetic solution. In dentistry , the effect of buffering local anesthetic solutions was first studied by Gros and Laewen in 1910 and then by

  3. La molécule qui sauvera les mangues | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 juin 2017 ... Scène de nuit dans un marché de gros à Krishnagiri où sont vendues des ... du Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale. .... de Coimbatore où l'on explore d'autres modes d'emploi de l'hexanal, dont la ... Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès ...

  4. Estimating the mean and standard deviation of environmental data with below detection limit observations: Considering highly skewed data and model misspecification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoari, Niloofar; Dubé, Jean-Sébastien; Chenouri, Shoja'eddin

    2015-11-01

    In environmental studies, concentration measurements frequently fall below detection limits of measuring instruments, resulting in left-censored data. Some studies employ parametric methods such as the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE), robust regression on order statistic (rROS), and gamma regression on order statistic (GROS), while others suggest a non-parametric approach, the Kaplan-Meier method (KM). Using examples of real data from a soil characterization study in Montreal, we highlight the need for additional investigations that aim at unifying the existing literature. A number of studies have examined this issue; however, those considering data skewness and model misspecification are rare. These aspects are investigated in this paper through simulations. Among other findings, results show that for low skewed data, the performance of different statistical methods is comparable, regardless of the censoring percentage and sample size. For highly skewed data, the performance of the MLE method under lognormal and Weibull distributions is questionable; particularly, when the sample size is small or censoring percentage is high. In such conditions, MLE under gamma distribution, rROS, GROS, and KM are less sensitive to skewness. Related to model misspecification, MLE based on lognormal and Weibull distributions provides poor estimates when the true distribution of data is misspecified. However, the methods of rROS, GROS, and MLE under gamma distribution are generally robust to model misspecifications regardless of skewness, sample size, and censoring percentage. Since the characteristics of environmental data (e.g., type of distribution and skewness) are unknown a priori, we suggest using MLE based on gamma distribution, rROS and GROS. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. EU Civilian Crisis Management: The Record So Far

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    significant contribution to the construction of an Afghan police force. 1 See for example, Dempsey, 2006; DiManno, 2008; and Graw , 2007. 18 EU Civilian...Giegerich, Bastian, European Military Crisis Management: Connecting Ambition and Reality, Adelphi Paper No. 397, London: Routledge, 2008. Graw , Ansgar...4. Gros-Verheyde, Nicolas, “Interview with Stephen White, Head of EUJUST Lex Mission for Iraq,” Europolitics, January 21, 2009. References 51

  6. Le fonds d'équité au Sénégal : analyse des mécanismes de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    entreprises, salariés), la couverture des gros risques pour rendre plus attractives ... La couverture du risque maladie des indigents est une politique publique .... Face à ces inégalités dans la protection sociale, le Sénégal adopte une stratégie ..... recrutement des assistants techniques régionaux chargés de faciliter ce ...

  7. Vasculopathie artérielle dans la sclérodermie systémique. Caractéristiques micro- et macrovasculaire de l’angioscanner des artères des membres supérieurs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emad, Y.; Al-Sherbeni, H.; Ragab, Y.; Abo-El-Youn, I.; El Shaarawy, Nashwa; Nassar, D.Y.; Fathy, Ahmed; Al-Hanafi, H.; Rasker, Johannes J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectifs Décrire les résultats de l’angioscanner de la vasculopathie artérielle des gros vaisseaux ainsi que des petits et moyens vaisseaux de l’ensemble de l’arbre vasculaire des membres supérieurs chez les patients porteurs d’une sclérodermie systémique (ScS) avec ou sans ulcération digitale.

  8. On forge des partenariats au Brésil | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 mai 2011 ... En Amérique latine, bien des choses peuvent commencer par des contacts personnels, dit Ulisses Confalonieri, professeur à l'école nationale de santé publique à la FIOCRUZ. Les membres du consortium brésilien s'intéressent tous à la médecine de la conservation, ajoute-t-il. En gros, puisque les trois ...

  9. Dix conseils en matière de visualisation de données

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    connotation culturelle ou sociale. Taille et position : attirent l'attention sur certaines données et montrent une hiérarchie. Nous avons tendance à regarder en premier le haut des gra- phiques et les objets plus gros. Chaque culture a des conventions de lecture qui déterminent la manière dont les gens lisent un graphique ou ...

  10. AS_599_A4 OK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AKA BOKO

    Résumé. L'Algérie a mis en place un réseau industriel dense, concentrant des secteurs polluants et gros ... Mots-clés : métaux lourds, rejet liquide, déchets industriels, pollution, environnement, oued Meboudja, ... Pour évaluer les concentrations en éléments traces métalliques (ETM) dans les eaux de l'oued Meboudja.

  11. Chemical compositions and glycemic responses to banana varieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hettiaratchi, U P K; Ekanayake, S; Welihinda, J

    2011-06-01

    Chemical compositions and glycemic indices of four varieties of banana (Musa spp.) (kolikuttu-Silk AAB, embul-Mysore AAB, anamalu-Gros Michel AAA, seeni kesel-Pisang Awak ABB) were determined. Silk, Gros Michel, Pisang Awak and Mysore contained the highest percentages of starch (14%), sucrose (38%), free glucose (29%) and fructose (58%) as a percentage of the total available carbohydrate content respectively. Total dietary fiber contents of four varieties ranged from 2.7 to 5.3%. Glycemic indices of Silk, Mysore, Gros Michel and Pisang Awak were 61 ± 5, 61 ± 6, 67 ± 7, 69 ± 9 and can be categorized as low against white bread as the standard. A single banana of the four varieties elicited a low glycemic load. Thus, consumption of a banana from any of these varieties can be recommended as a snack for healthy or diabetic patients who are under dietary management or pharmacological drugs to regulate blood glucose responses in between meals.

  12. The relationship between movement speed and duration during soccer matches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Hubert; Heyde, Christian; Röll, Mareike; Gollhofer, Albert

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between the time duration of movement (t(dur)) and related maximum possible power output has been studied and modeled under many conditions. Inspired by the so-called power profiles known for discontinuous endurance sports like cycling, and the critical power concept of Monod and Scherrer, the aim of this study was to evaluate the numerical characteristics of the function between maximum horizontal movement velocity (HSpeed) and t(dur) in soccer. To evaluate this relationship, GPS data from 38 healthy soccer players and 82 game participations (≥30 min active playtime) were used to select maximum HSpeed for 21 distinct t(dur) values (between 0.3 s and 2,700 s) based on moving medians with an incremental t(dur) window-size. As a result, the relationship between HSpeed and Log(t(dur)) appeared reproducibly as a sigmoidal decay function, and could be fitted to a five-parameter equation with upper and lower asymptotes, and an inflection point, power and decrease rate. Thus, the first three parameters described individual characteristics if evaluated using mixed-model analysis. This study shows for the first time the general numerical relationship between t(dur) and HSpeed in soccer games. In contrast to former descriptions that have evaluated speed against power, HSpeed against t(dur) always yields a sigmoidal shape with a new upper asymptote. The evaluated curve fit potentially describes the maximum moving speed of individual players during the game, and allows for concise interpretations of the functional state of team sports athletes. PMID:28742832

  13. Trans-Amazonian U-Th-Pb monazite ages and P-T-d exhumation paths of garnet-bearing leucogranite and migmatitic country rock of the southeastern Tandilia belt, Rio de la Plata craton in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Juan Cruz; Massonne, Hans-Joachim; Frisicale, María Cristina; Dristas, Jorge A.

    2017-03-01

    A garnet-bearing leucogranite and two country rocks from the Transamazonian Tandilia belt of the Rio de la Plata craton were studied in detail. The leucogranite contains garnet with homogeneous composition of pyr6(gros + andr)2spes5alm87. In a garnet-biotite migmatite, the core and rim compositions of garnet are pyr1.7(gros + andr)5spes5.6alm87.7 and pyr1.2(gros + andr)5.5spes6.7alm86.6, respectively. These compositions in a sillimanite-garnet-muscovite migmatite are pyr4(gros + andr)2.7spes2.7alm90.6 and pyr2.7(gros + andr)4spes3.2alm90.1, respectively. We used this information to decipher the P-T evolution of the rocks applying P-T and T-H2O pseudosections with the PERPLE_X computer software package taking into consideration deformational microstructures. The leucogranite records an isothermal decompression from 5.3 to 3.8 kbar at 665 °C. The garnet-biotite migmatite was exhumed from 5.5 kbar at 630 °C to 4.3 kbar at 615 °C and the sillimanite-garnet-muscovite migmatite from supersolidus conditions of 670 °C and 3.6 kbar to 625 °C at 2.4 kbar. Late andalusite formed in this rock. Seventy four analyses of 28 monazite grains of the country rocks yielded three groups of U-Th-Pb ages which were related to a collisional event (I: ca. 2.13-2.14 Ga.), a postcollisional thermal overprint (II: ca. 2.01 Ga) and slow cooling of the orogen (III: 1.80-1.90 Ga). Inherited ages of 2.28 and 2.25 Ga could refer to an early accretionary stage of the orogen. An age of 2.41 Ga indicates the presence of recycled Siderian continental crust. Synkinematic crystallization of melts and the subsolidus development of an S2-foliation, demonstrated by deformational microstructures, occurred during the exhumation of the studied area from depths of 18 km to 8 km in the time interval 2.01-1.90 Ga.

  14. Agp2, a Member of the Yeast Amino Acid Permease Family, Positively Regulates Polyamine Transport at the Transcriptional Level

    KAUST Repository

    Aouida, Mustapha

    2013-06-03

    Agp2 is a plasma membrane protein of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae amino acid transporter family, involved in high-affinity uptake of various substrates including L-carnitine and polyamines. The discovery of two high affinity polyamine permeases, Dur3 and Sam3, prompted us to investigate whether Agp2 directly transports polyamines or acts instead as a regulator. Herein, we show that neither dur3? nor sam3? single mutant is defective in polyamine transport, while the dur3? sam3? double mutant exhibits a sharp decrease in polyamine uptake and an increased resistance to polyamine toxicity similar to the agp2? mutant. Studies of Agp2 localization indicate that in the double mutant dur3? sam3?, Agp2-GFP remains plasma membrane-localized, even though transport of polyamines is strongly reduced. We further demonstrate that Agp2 controls the expression of several transporter genes including DUR3 and SAM3, the carnitine transporter HNM1 and several hexose, nucleoside and vitamin permease genes, in addition to SKY1 encoding a SR kinase that positively regulates low-affinity polyamine uptake. Furthermore, gene expression analysis clearly suggests that Agp2 is a strong positive regulator of additional biological processes. Collectively, our data suggest that Agp2 might respond to environmental cues and thus regulate the expression of several genes including those involved in polyamine transport. © 2013 Aouida et al.

  15. Agp2, a Member of the Yeast Amino Acid Permease Family, Positively Regulates Polyamine Transport at the Transcriptional Level

    KAUST Repository

    Aouida, Mustapha; Texeira, Marta Rubio; Thevelein, Johan M.; Poulin, Richard; Ramotar, Dindial

    2013-01-01

    Agp2 is a plasma membrane protein of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae amino acid transporter family, involved in high-affinity uptake of various substrates including L-carnitine and polyamines. The discovery of two high affinity polyamine permeases, Dur3 and Sam3, prompted us to investigate whether Agp2 directly transports polyamines or acts instead as a regulator. Herein, we show that neither dur3? nor sam3? single mutant is defective in polyamine transport, while the dur3? sam3? double mutant exhibits a sharp decrease in polyamine uptake and an increased resistance to polyamine toxicity similar to the agp2? mutant. Studies of Agp2 localization indicate that in the double mutant dur3? sam3?, Agp2-GFP remains plasma membrane-localized, even though transport of polyamines is strongly reduced. We further demonstrate that Agp2 controls the expression of several transporter genes including DUR3 and SAM3, the carnitine transporter HNM1 and several hexose, nucleoside and vitamin permease genes, in addition to SKY1 encoding a SR kinase that positively regulates low-affinity polyamine uptake. Furthermore, gene expression analysis clearly suggests that Agp2 is a strong positive regulator of additional biological processes. Collectively, our data suggest that Agp2 might respond to environmental cues and thus regulate the expression of several genes including those involved in polyamine transport. © 2013 Aouida et al.

  16. Iconografía religiosa andina en el noroeste argentino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available L'examen du 'Disque de Lafone Quevedo ou Disque de Chaquiago' s'inscrit dans deux perspectives: l'importance de l'étude de l'histoire des Andes méridionales et l'andin comme unité dynamique. Une telle analyse nous permet de faire des rapprochements intéressants: ainsi, sont mis en évidence des liens entre les disques et les plaques de bronze du Nord de l'Argentine et de Bolivie, la vision de Pachacutec (le promoteur de l'expansion Inca et l'image principale (Punchao du Coricancha. Enfin, de nouveaux éléments sont proposés en faveur de l'existence d'une divinité polyvalente dont la longue histoire rassemble les 'récits sacrés' de plusieurs dieux andins. El examen del 'Disco de Lafone Quevedo o Disco de Chaquiago' está enmarcado dentro de dos perspectivas: la importancia del estudio de la historia de los Andes meridionales y 'lo andino' como unidad dinámica. Su análisis nos permite señalar correspondencias interesantes. Así, se hallarán evidencias que establezcan las vinculaciones entre los discos y placas de bronce del NO. argentino y Bolivia, la visión de Pachacuti (que dio origen a la expansión de los Incas y la imagen principal (Punchao del Coricancha. Para finalizar, se propone nuevos elementos en favor de la existencia de una deidad polivalente en cuya larga historia se recoge las 'historias sagradas' de varios dioses andinos. The examination of the 'Disc of Lafone Quevedo or Disc of Chaquiago' is inscribed in two perspectives: the importance of the study of the history of the meridional Andes and lo andino as a dynamic unit. Such an analysis permits us to make interesting comparisons: thus are placed on evidence links between the discs and the bronze plaques from the North of Argentina and Bolivia, the vision of Pachacutec (the instigator of the Inca expansion and the principal image (Punchao of the Coricancha. Finally, new elements are proposed in favor of the existence of a polyvalent divinity of which the long history

  17. Sea King SHOL Support for Post-HCM/FELEX HALIFAX Class Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    modernisation de mi-durée. Les modifica- tions techniques apportées aux navires pendant le radoub ont entraïné des changements im- portants à la...classe Halifax connaissent une modernisation (MCH) de mi-durée. Les modifications techniques apportées aux navires pendant le radoub ont entraïné des...ship DAQ components were distributed about the ship at the bow, mast, port bridge wing, port breezeway, howdah (a.k.a. LSO compartment), Flyco (a.k.a

  18. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    23 nov. 2015 ... moyenne de la ventilation des patients atteints de PN était de 10,46 j alors que celle des patients non infectés était de 6,60 j. ... facteurs de risque: l'âge, la durée de la ventilation mécanique, la durée de séjour en réanimation, l'existence d'une .... ventillacion mecanica. Med Intensiva (Spanish). 2010 Jun-.

  19. 1907-IJBCS-Article-Bernice Kingha

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Campo, Tchuenguem Fohouo et al. (2000) ont trouvé 4 ouvrières de Apis mellifica sur un pied de A. hypogaea. La durée moyenne d'une visite de récolte de pollen varie avec l'insecte et ceci d'une année à une autre. La durée des visites semble être liée à l'accessibilité au pollen de. A. hypogaea. Nos données confirment ...

  20. “Just an American Boy”. The Political Songwriting of Steve Earle “Just an American Boy” : la chanson politique de Steve Earle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Jobes

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Un an après les attentats du 11 septembre, Steve Earle, dans son album Jerusalem, a été le premier à faire entendre dans le monde du rock une voix discordante sur l’Amérique contemporaine. Honni par la droite, qui s’est inscrite en faux contre une prise de position qu’elle considère antipatriotique, mais salué par la gauche américaine, Jerusalem s’est retrouvé au centre du débat politique actuel. L’objet de cet article sera de montrer comment s’inscrit ce disque dans le contexte des États-Unis d’aujourd’hui ainsi que sa place dans l’œuvre engagée de Steve Earle.

  1. Energie du type Ginzburg-Landau avec un terme de chevillage

    OpenAIRE

    AMARI, Nassima

    2010-01-01

    L’objectif de ce travail est l’étude d’un modèle bidimensionnel de Ginzburg-Landau avec un problème de l’ancrage (pinning) des vortex. La principale difficulté en réitérant l’approche faite par F. Béthuel, H. Brézis et F. Hélein, résulte du fait que la construction de mauvais disques ne soit pas évidente. Pour surmonter cette difficulté,on remplace le minimiseur u epsilon par v epsilon U epsilon. Cette substitution nous conduit à l'étude d'une énergie classique (qui correspond à p=1). ...

  2. SIM / SONGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Portes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans les États-Unis de 2006, la chanson contestataire n’est pas celle qui hante le plus les ondes : elle n’encombre pas les présentoirs des magasins de disque et ne mobilise pas le MP3. Une des seules exceptions est celle de « Strange Fruits », chantée pour la première fois par Billie Holliday en 1939 : elle a souvent été reprise et même été classée dans un bilan de l’an 2000 comme la meilleure chanson du XXe siècle.Certaines légendes attribuent rapidement à un chanteur une couronne de contes...

  3. Eventos de tiempo severo inducidos por el ENSO en la temporada invernal cubana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available ÉVÉNEMENTS MÉTÉOROLOGIQUES SÉVÈRES INDUITS PAR LES ENSO AU COURS DE LA PÉRIODE HIVERNALE À CUBA. La période hivernale à Cuba correspond généralement à la période sèche, au cours de laquelle, à l’inverse de ce qui se passe en été, on n’enregistre généralement pas de séquence pluviométrique sévère. Cependant, l’influence de l’ENSO peut activer des systèmes météorologiques de manière anormale pour des latitudes aussi basses. Il se produit alors relativement souvent des séquences météorologiques sévères de 24 à 48 heures de durée, avec l’avancée de lignes de grains, des pluies intenses, des tornades, de la grêle et des inondations dans les zones côtières. Ceci provoque des morts et de gros dégâts. Les climatologues reconnaissent l’ENSO comme la cause la plus importante de variabilité climatique inter-annuelle de la planète. Ils en décrivent et en prédisent les effets, comme les anomalies de précipitations ou de températures. Cependant on ne peut évaluer de manière plus précise ces conséquences qu’en étudiant les systèmes synoptiques induits par l’ENSO, qui sont responsables de ces excès. Cette étape est indispensable pour la mise en place d’un système d’alerte avancé requis par la Défense Civile. On montre, dans cet article, le rôle joué par le jet-stream subtropical, dans la formation de ces événements climatologiques sévères. Ainsi, l’étude des périodes hivernales affectées par un ENSO depuis 1957-58 jusqu’à 1996-97 a permis d’établir des situations types des niveaux de surface et supérieurs de l’atmosphère, associés à des événements sévères induits par l’ENSO. On présente aussi des exemples des conséquences des principaux événements. A l’aide de ces situations types, on a pu élaborer un système d’alerte avancée mis à la disposition de la Défense Civile et permettant d’effectuer des prévisions à 7 et à 10 jours. La temporada invernal cubana

  4. 2377-IJBCS-Article-Alexandre Dansi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    gros et lourds, rendements supérieurs à 2 tonnes à l'hectare) comme Catché godonou, Ewaoloy, Gbolékpomin,. Kaki et Yanbodo qu'on peut utiliser dans les programmes de sélection. ... 1051. En raison de sa forte teneur en protéines (19 à 25%), en carbohydrates et en éléments minéraux, le niébé joue un rôle important ...

  5. Contribution à étymologie de l' oronyme slovène Nanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Grad

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available Pour ll' origine de l' oronyme slovène Nanos (a l' est de Trieste, obscure jusqu'ici, l' auteur propose, en se basant sur le nom italien de la montagne, à savoir Naso (= nez df M.onte Re, la base romane Nason (= gros nez, désignation populaire - supposée par l' auteur - de la montagne, d' où par metathèse s - n > n - s, en slovène Nanos.

  6. Les ratés du développement accéléré.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Margolin

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available L'ouvrage, promu par le réseau mondial de centres d'études sur le développement qu'est l'institut Cedimes , reprend en fait cinq gros articles d'économie parus entre 1991 et 1999 dans le Korea Journal , que publie la Commission nationale coréenne pour l' Unesco , auxquels vient s'ajouter une longue conclusion de Claude Albagli, de Paris- ii , sur les « Structures comparatives du modèle entrepreneurial coréen ». Pour ceux qui pourraient en douter, les ...

  7. A Struggle of Civilization against Barbarism: About Universities as Autonomous Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drainville, André C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper takes a longue durée look at universities at the core of the world economy, where the modern idea of intellectuals as trustees of the reflexive structures of society has achieved its most enduring institutional form. To wrest thinking away from a conformism that makes us see universities as nothing more than organisations amongst…

  8. Final Environmental Assessment, Construct Antenna Parts Storage Facility, Upgrade Perimeter Security Fence and Demolish Camera Shed, Red River Air Force Space Surveillance Station (AFSSS), Lewisville, Arkansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    root plowed for construction of the Installation. Now the Installation consists mostly of short grasses which are routinely mowed. Woods border...aristata* bracted plantain Rumex crispus* curly dock Setaria parviflora yellow bristlegrass Solanum carolinense* Carolina horse nettle Sorghum...the land was covered with a hardwood forest. The land was cleared and root plowed dur- ing construction of the Installation. Earthen platforms were

  9. "White cranes fly over black cranes"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Thi Thao; Agergaard, Jytte

    2012-01-01

    The changing nature of rural–urban migration, in the context of transition economies of East and Southeast Asia, is usually interpreted as an outcome of structural transformation, while the longue durée of these migration flows tends to be neglected. Adopting a historical perspective, supported b...

  10. Phenotype-gene: 752 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 752 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u928i abnormal for trait of behavior...a224u16055636i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ named stamen dur

  11. Phenotype-gene: 744 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 744 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u920i abnormal for trait of behavior...a224u16055636i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ named flower dur

  12. Synthèse: Revue des Sciences et de la Technologie - Vol 16 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etude des efforts et de la température de coupe lors de tournage dur de l'acier AISI 52100 par un outil CBN · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MA Yallese, L Boulanouar, N Zeghib, S Belhadi, J Rigal, 74-86 ...

  13. Molecular sexing and analysis of CHD1-Z and CHD1-W sequence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    eral countries, particularly in China, Japan, Brazil, France and Spain (Minvielle 2004). Due to the small number of commercial explorations of common quail in Europe, hunt- ... Japanese quail to prevent excessive decline of the birds dur- ... status of common quail and developed Natura 2000 manage- ... This work presents.

  14. Design thinking between rationalism and romanticism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engholm, Ida; Goldschmidt Salamon, Karen-Lisa

    2017-01-01

    This article presents a longue durée history of modern design thought, with particular focus on recurrent ideological frictions. Drawing on design history, design anthropology and cultural studies, the authors present an overview of more than 200 years of developments in European and North Americ...

  15. Identification of a new species of Aphis (Hemiptera: Aphididae) based on distinct morphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aphis elena Lagos-Kutz and Voegtlin, sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is described from specimens collected in Illinois, USA, on the North American native plant, Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) T. Dur. & B.D. Jacks. ex B.L. Rob. & Fernald (Family: Lamiaceae). Both apterous and alate viviparae are desc...

  16. LA RESECTION TRANSURETRALE DE LA PROSTATE A L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le taux de conversion était de 11,80%. La durée moyenne de ... The intraoperative complication rate amounted to 11.8%. The conversion rate was 11.8%. Mean hospital stay was 6.7 days ... AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  17. Palaeoseismicity in relation to basin tectonics as revealed from soft ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    belts acted as zones of rift propagation, and reac- tivation of palaeo-sutures and ... to Jurassic-aged riftogenic continental basins filled ... led to a half-graben geometry with accumulation of greater ... basin margin are thought to have been active dur- ...... Petrol. 22. 83–96. Kundu A and Goswami B 2008 A note on seismic evi-.

  18. The Role of Polycomb Group Gene BMI-1 in the Development of Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    J Clin Invest. 2005; 115:1503-21. 13. Siddique HR, Liao DJ, Mishra SK, Schuster T, Wang L, Matter B et al. Epicatechin-rich cocoa polyphenol...growth factors may result in an upregulation of diverse gene products in CSCs and their differentiated progenies dur- ing the EMT process [32, 33

  19. Technique, travail et industrialisation de la noix de cajou au ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gestion du temps, le contrôle et la vigilance. .... Le système technique leur impose une augmentation très nette de la durée du travail, marquée par la violence des rythmes de production et la fatigue physique sévère, accompagnée de lésions.

  20. Synthesis of first row transition metal carboxylate complexes by ring ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tion of pyromellitic dianhydride with methanol and ring opening of pyromellitic dianhydride takes place. The corresponding carboxylate complex formed dur- ing the process can be crystallised by adding biden- tate nitrogen donor ligands such as 1,10-phenanthroline or 2,2 - bipyridine.20 From the reaction with 1,10-.

  1. Medtner: Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Nr. 1 c-Moll op. 33 / Volkmar Fischer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fischer, Volkmar

    1992-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Medtner: Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Nr. 1 c-Moll op. 33, Sonaten-Ballade für Klavier Fis-Dur op. 27. London Philharmonic Orchestra / Neeme Järvi". Chandos/Koch CD9039 (WD:54'28")

  2. La pedagogía de lo corporal y de la salud : una filosofía para vivir : historia de las ideas psicológicas y pedagógicas de Sergio López Ramos /

    OpenAIRE

    Durán Amavizca, Norma Delia

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Pedagogía, presenta Norma Delia Durán Amavizca ; asesor Patricia Mar Velasco, Horacio Cerruti Guldberg, Mario Camarena Ocampo. 396 páginas. Doctorado en Pedagogía UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  3. Financial crises as catalysts for regional cooperation? Chances and obstacles for financial integration in ASEAN+3, MERCOSUR and the eurozone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krapohl, S.

    2015-01-01

    This article compares and analyses the different answers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations+3 (ASEAN+3), Mercado Común del Dur (MERCOSUR) and the eurozone on financial crises in their respective regions. All three regions were hit by economic turmoil between 1997 and 2012, but whereas

  4. A taxonomic revision of Xerospermum (Sapindaceae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenhouts, P.W.

    1983-01-01

    Xerospermum Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 99; Radlk. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 98 (1932) 936-950. – Xerospermum sect. Tetrasepalum Radlk. (in Th. Dur., Index Gen. Phan. (1887) 76, nom. nud.) in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 5 (1895) 331, nom. illeg. (I.C.B.N. ed. 1978, art. 22.1). – Type: X. noronhianum

  5. The Anatomy Lecture Then and Now: A Foucauldian Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Norm; Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2014-01-01

    Although there are many points of continuity, there are also a number of changes in the pedagogical form of the anatomy lecture over the longue durée, over centuries of epistemic change, rather than over years or decades. The article begins with an analysis of the physical and technical arrangements of the early modern anatomy lecture, showing how…

  6. LES CANCERS DE L'ORBITE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    19 déc. 2007 ... té au type histologique permet d'améliorer la survie et la qualité de vie chez les patients atteints de ces tumeurs. Mots-clés ... management of these tumors. Materials ... La durée moyenne d'évolution de la symptomatologie.

  7. Reference: 645 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available chi et al. 2007 Oct. Plant J. 52(1):30-40. Despite the fact that urea is a ubiquitous nitrogen source in soil...nd suggest that the high substrate affinity of AtDUR3 reflects an adaptation to the low urea levels usually found in unfertilized soi

  8. Postnatal growth, age estimation and development of foraging ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    growth after the first year (Kunz and Stern 1995). The values of the lengths of forearm and epiphyseal gap dur- ing their linear phases of growth increased during the preflight period and decreased during the postflight period, and were reliable for deriving equations to esti- mate the age of young bats (e.g. Kunz and Robson ...

  9. 42 CFR 456.705 - Prospective drug review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... recipient or the recipient's caregiver. The State must provide pharmacies with detailed information as to what they must do to comply with prospective DUR requirements, including guidelines on counseling... prescription is filled or delivered to the recipient or the recipient's caregiver. The review must include...

  10. Cross Country MetroLink Segment I Business Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-02

    In the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area, the East-West Gateway Coordinating : Council decided the route for the first MetroLink extension in the Cross-County : Corridor in September 1997. The next phase, reflected in this paper is develop, : dur...

  11. Résultats de recherche | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    26 mars 2018 ... Le programme conjoint canado-israélien de recherche en santé est un programme d'une durée de sept années et d'un budget de 35 millions de CAD, conclu entre le CRDI, l'Israel Science Foundation, l'Azrieli Foundation et les Instituts de recherche en s. Livres.

  12. Fluid–rock interaction across the South Tibetan Detachment ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    chores and the stability fields overlap defines a. P–T region that extends from ... The main effect of vol- .... of these phases, the slope of the REE trend would be disturbed. .... 109 526–537. Engelder T 1984 The role of pore water circulation dur-.

  13. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    23 oct. 2015 ... secondaires à des agressions physiques sur une durée de trois ans. Les critères d'inclusion ... morceaux de verre. Dans notre série .... contre les comportements agressifs; les médias devront éliminer la diffusion de portraits ...

  14. Water quality assessment of Gautami–Godavari mangrove estuarine ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Some chemical and biological parameters were analysed at sixteen stations in the mangrove ecosys- tem, of the neighbouring Gautami–Godavari (GG) river estuary and Kakinada (KKD) bay to understand the present status of water quality and the impact of external terrigenous inputs dur- ing southwest (SW) monsoon in ...

  15. NORTHERN REGION OF GHANA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2004-12-02

    Dec 2, 2004 ... the use of Cl and stable isotopes (2H and 18O), Sharma and Hughes. (1985) observed that ... able to adapt to the harsh environmental conditions of the area. Dur- ing the dry ... December 2004. 3.4 Geology and hydrogeology.

  16. Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mai 2017 ... Systèmes d'information sanitaire ou santé sexuelle et reproductive des adolescents en Afrique de l'Ouest. Appel. Propositions. Programme(s) ... Sujet(s). Systèmes de santé, ADOLESCENTS, SANTÉ REPRODUCTIVE, DROITS EN MATIERE DE PROCREATION. Durée. 36 à 48 mois. Financée par. CRDI ...

  17. Energetics of lower tropospheric planetary waves over mid latitudes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411 008, India. ∗ e-mail: ... port by wave 0 over southern equatorial belt dur- ing March leads to a ..... 2005a Contrasting features of wave number one during northern ...

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... (K-RITH), K-RITH Tower Building, level 3, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, 4001 Dur- ... expression could be a risk factor for TB drug tolerance in patients initiated on treatment. .... three times, and the RFU values presented are the.

  19. Renforcement des capacités d'évaluation et de communication en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Enfin, des produits de communication seront mis au point en vue de transmettre ces enseignements concrets aux praticiens, aux chercheurs et aux responsables des politiques. Projet nᵒ. 107064. État du projet. Actif. Durée. 48 mois. Agent(e) responsable du CRDI. Matthew Smith. Financement total. CAD$ 728,060. Pays.

  20. Mutation du gène NOD2 chez les patients marocains atteints de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CARD15 dans un groupe de patients Marocains atteint de Maladie de Crohn et étudier sa corrélation génotype-expression phénotypique. Etude transversale cas témoin menée sur une durée de 16 mois. Ont été inclus 101 patients atteints de la ...

  1. 2525-IJBCS-Article-Paul Ayihadji Fernand H

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    La tomate est un produit maraîcher très important dans l'alimentation humaine en Afrique et dans le monde. ... montrent que pour transformer 15 kg de tomate, la durée de cuisson et la consommation en énergie pour la ..... sauce tomate.

  2. 2543-IJBCS-Article-Rabo Youmoussou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    détermination des cultures maraîchères associées au M. oleifera, la durée ainsi que l'arrangement spatial des composantes ... préparation de soupe, de sauce et du couscous en Afrique. .... cultures, suivie de l'oseille, la tomate et l'oignon à ...

  3. Milk production of dairy cows as affected by the length of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Useni , Alain

    2014-08-22

    Aug 22, 2014 ... Differences between means were obtained using the pair-wise comparison of ... Furthermore, cows produced less (P <0.05) milk with a high protein content when .... Effets de la reduction de la durée de la periode seche ou.

  4. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Facility: Recent Improvements and Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    such as l- octanol despite continuous heavy use. The dur- ability of the high temperature silanized columns over a long period has not yet been fully... Octanone 4 2-Ethyl-2-hexenal 5 5-Nonanone 6 2-Nonanone 7 Linalool 8 Isopulegol 9 Unknown terpene alcohol 10 Terpinenol-4 11 2 ,6-Dimethylaniline (12 2

  5. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    river Bharatha, the second longest river in Kerala) dur- ... was the teacher of another key figure, Neelakanta So- ... (An English translation with de- ... language this corresponds to the realization sin(µ=n) → ... between this method of proof and the more traditional .... summation is done by effectively going through the orig-.

  6. The influence of season on tonic luteinizing hormone (LFD and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and they were sub- jected to a plane of nutrition designed to maintain body mass ... concluded that conception rates were higher during autumn and spring than ... in cattle may be due to differences in climatic conditions dur- ing studies, and ...

  7. Effects of artea, a systemic fungicide, on the antioxidant system and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The present work aimed at the study of the effects of Artea, a systemic azole fungicide, on durum Wheat (Triticum durum L. cv. GTA dur). Seeds were grown in a medium containing respectively 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm of Artea under controlled conditions. Roots of eight-day-old plants were used to determine catalase, ...

  8. Evaluation des conditions de germination des noyaux de Grewia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    personnel

    31 janv. 2014 ... graines de G.coriacea afin de parvenir à un meilleur taux de germination naturellement médiocre. ... fourchettes) et comme matériau de ...... contre, les chocs thermiques par l'eau .... stockage et de la durée de chauffage.

  9. Primordial braneworld black holes: significant enhancement of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. The Randall-Sundrum (RS-II) braneworld cosmological model with a frac- tion of the total energy density in primordial black holes is considered. Due to their 5d geometry, these black holes undergo modified Hawking evaporation. It is shown that dur- ing the high-energy regime, accretion from the surrounding ...

  10. In vivo statistical evaluation of efficancy of a biological agent on water quality in the rearing of ornamental Cyprinus carpio

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ramduth, DM

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available ponds. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to express their gratitude to: Dr Horst Kaizer, Dr Santosh Ramchuran and Dr Naill Vine for their valuable inputs dur- ing the trial and BioPad BRIC for their generous funding of the project. • • Figure...

  11. 2014 Copyright © 2014, CRISA Publications SELF-CONTROL AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was measured by the Brief Self-control Scale. Self-reported ... Key words:Alcohol consumption, Botswana, self-control, self-regulation, undergraduate students .... alcohol-related harm. One may ..... a belief that it is acceptable to drink dur-.

  12. The use of solar energy for heating an asphalt storage tank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    10,000 gal. asphalt storage tank was equipped with a solar heating system and instrumented to determine its effectiveness over a 12.5-month period. An evaluation of the data indicated that the solar system conserved 25,126 kWh of electrical power dur...

  13. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. This is a summary of the activities of the working group on cosmology at. WHEPP-X. The three main problems that were discussed at some length by the group dur- ing the course of the workshop were (i) canceling a 'large' cosmological constant, (ii) non-. Gaussianities in inflationary models and (iii) stability of ...

  14. Parental tobacco smoke exposure: Epigenetics and the developmental origins of health and disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epigenetic programming is an important mechanism underlying the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Much of the research in this area has focused on maternal nutrition. Parental smoking has emerged as a prime example of how exposure to environmental toxicants dur...

  15. Prevention ofsexually transtnitted diseases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    number of VDRL-positive and vaginal discharge cases was decreasing (Table II). Thirty-five per cent of me sex-workers were found to have syphilis at me initial examination when the project started. After 7 months this number had dropped to 4,2%. There was also quite a drop in the number of cases of vaginal discharge dur ...

  16. ResOltanCe iournal of science education

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Learning Earthquake Design and Construction. - Why are Open-Ground Storey Buildings Vul- nerable in Earthquakes? C VRMurty. 84. Learning Earthquake Design and Construction. - Why are Short Columns more Damaged Dur- ing Earthquakes? C VRMurty. 88. REFLECTIONS. 96 A Conversation About Solid State ...

  17. Reduction in albuminuria predicts a beneficial effect on diminishing the progression of human diabetic nephropathy during antihypertensive treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rossing, P; Hommel, E; Smidt, U M

    1994-01-01

    Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of increased mortality and morbidity in IDDM patients. The effect of antihypertensive treatment on the progression of the nephropathy is highly variable. The aim of this study was to evaluate putative predictors of the progression in diabetic nephropathy dur...

  18. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Family Planning Services Offered by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    Keywords: Mobile clinics; Staic clinic; Family planning; Cost-effectiveness. Résumé. Des analyses ... d'offrir plus de méthodes de longue durée d'action peut influer sur une décision politique entre ces options. Cliniques ... nurse and a driver9.

  19. H:\\PMKER 25(3)\\BRAHIM I..xps

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    ordinateur. Au cours de ces dictées d'enregistrement de compor- tement et pour chaque femelle, sept paramètres ont été relevés et enregistrés à l'ordinateur : - durée de marche sans balayage (en sec) : pendant laquelle la femelle se déplace sur les.

  20. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Therapeutic potentials of ethanolic extract of leaves of Holarrhena floribunda (G. Don) Dur. And schinz (apocynaceae) ... Signaling pathways regulated by Brassicaceae extract inhibit the formation of advanced glycated end products in rat brain · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  1. : tous les projets | Page 374 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... à des cours de courte durée et des ateliers, et à la supervision de projets de recherche. Date de début : 1 janvier 2009. End Date: 1 janvier 2012. Sujet: ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS, ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION.

  2. ABSCISIC ACID EFFECTS ON WATER AND PHOTOSYNTHETIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bidai Y, Achour A and Belkhodja M

    1 mai 2016 ... Keywords: Phytohormone; drought; xerophyte; water status; ... induisent la synthèse de l'ABA, considéré aujourd'hui comme une hormone de stress [9, .... à α <0.05) et enfin de l'interaction " ABA x écotype x Durée" (F= 46,50 ...

  3. Herbst treatment in late adolescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakke, Merete; Paulsen, H U

    1989-01-01

    In an almost full-grown male of 17 years, functional and morphological changes were followed during Herbst treatment and subsequent control. Retrognathism of the mandible was overcorrected, and then normalized by reverse headgear to the maxilla. Partial relapse due to insufficient cooperation dur...

  4. Simulating the formation of carbonaceous aerosol in a European Megacity (Paris) during the Megapoli summer and winter campaigns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fountoukis, C.; Megaritis, A.G.; Skyllakou, K.; Charalampidis, P.E.; Denier van der Gon, H.A.C.; Crippa, M.; Prevot, A.S.H.; Fachinger, F.; Wiedensohler, A.; Pilinis, C.; Pandis, S.N.

    2016-01-01

    We use a three-dimensional regional chemical transport model (PMCAMx) with high grid resolution and high-resolution emissions (4 x 4 km2) over the Paris greater area to simulate the formation of carbonaceous aerosol dur-ing a summer (July 2009) and a winter (January/February 2010) period as part of

  5. The genome structure of Arachis hypogaea (Linnaeus, 1753 and an induced Arachis allotetraploid revealed by molecular cytogenetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza F. de M. B. do Nascimento

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Peanut, Arachis hypogaea (Linnaeus, 1753 is an allotetraploid cultivated plant with two subgenomes derived from the hybridization between two diploid wild species, A. duranensis (Krapovickas & W. C. Gregory, 1994 and A. ipaensis (Krapovickas & W. C. Gregory, 1994, followed by spontaneous chromosomal duplication. To understand genome changes following polyploidy, the chromosomes of A. hypogaea, IpaDur1, an induced allotetraploid (A. ipaensis × A. duranensis4x and the diploid progenitor species were cytogenetically compared. The karyotypes of the allotetraploids share the number and general morphology of chromosomes; DAPI+ bands pattern and number of 5S rDNA loci. However, one 5S rDNA locus presents a heteromorphic FISH signal in both allotetraploids, relative to corresponding progenitor. Whilst for A. hypogaea the number of 45S rDNA loci was equivalent to the sum of those present in the diploid species, in IpaDur1, two loci have not been detected. Overall distribution of repetitive DNA sequences was similar in both allotetraploids, although A. hypogaea had additional CMA3+ bands and few slight differences in the LTR-retrotransposons distribution compared to IpaDur1. GISH showed that the chromosomes of both allotetraploids had preferential hybridization to their corresponding diploid genomes. Nevertheless, at least one pair of IpaDur1 chromosomes had a clear mosaic hybridization pattern indicating recombination between the subgenomes, clear evidence that the genome of IpaDur1 shows some instability comparing to the genome of A. hypogaea that shows no mosaic of subgenomes, although both allotetraploids derive from the same progenitor species. For some reasons, the chromosome structure of A. hypogaea is inherently more stable, or, it has been at least, partially stabilized through genetic changes and selection.

  6. Analysis of some components of resistance in the hybrids of banana FHIA-23 and plantain FHIA-21 to black (Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet) and yellow (M. musicola Leach) sigatokas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guzman Piedrahita, Oscar Adrian; Castano Zapata, Jairo

    2009-01-01

    It was determined the performance of FHIA-20 and FHIA-23 to both Mycosphaerella fijiensis and M. musicola. The study was conducted in a screen house at the Montelindos farm of the University of Caldas, at 1010 most, average temperature 22.8 Celsius degrade, annual precipitation 2200 mm, and relative humidity 76%. Conidia of Paracercospora fijiensis and Pseudocercospora musae, and mixture of both, were inoculated to seedlings having between 4 and 6 leaves. It was evaluated incubation period (IP) of both pathogens, times of evolution of symptoms (TES) and disease development (TDD), also, lesions per leaf (NLL). In FHIA-20, P. musae, P. fijiensis and P. musae+P. fijiensis, had a longer IP than in Dominico Harton, being 3, 20 and 10 days longer, respectively; in addition, the TES of yellow and black sigatokas and the combination of both diseases, was more prolonged in FHIA-20, in 5, 49 and 26 days, respectively, than in local material. In FHIA-23, P. musae, P. fijiensis and P. musae + P. fijiensis, had 2, 6 and 3 more days of IP, respectively, than in Gros Michel; furthermore, FHIA-23 had a TES of yellow and black sigatokas and the combination of both, higher than in Gros Michel, in 9, 16 and 11 days, respectively. In general, FHIA-23 behaved as highly resistant and tolerant to black and yellow sigatokas, respectively, and FHIA-23, resistant.

  7. Una experiencia de la sin razón/An experience on the unreason

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Marchese

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo pongo en consideración si corresponde o no afirmar que el psicoanálisis nació como empresa de medicalización del cuerpo sexual y por ello participa de una filiación disciplinaria. Para esto tomo en cuenta algunas reflexiones de Frédéric Gros acerca del concepto de sexualidad en la obra de Foucault, ciertos pasajes de Historia de la locura en la época clásica, El poder psiquiátrico y Entre filosofía y literatura, para confrontarlos con otras consideraciones que hiciera J. Derrida sobre el lugar y el rol del psicoanálisis en el proyecto foucaultiano de una historia de la locura. In this work I consider the question whether corresponds to affirm that Psychoanalysis was born as an enterprise with the purpose of medicalising the sexual body, and thus it is part of a discipline. For this analysis I take into account some of the thoughts by Frédéric Gros about the concept of sexuality in the work of Foucault, some fragments of History of Madness, Psychiatric Power and Dits et écrits, to confront them with other considerations by J. Derrida about the place and role of the Psychoanalysis on Foucault´s project for a history of madness.

  8. Imaging of uretero-pelvic junction obstruction with stimulated diuresis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ebel, K.D.; Bliesener, J.A.; Gharib, M.

    1988-01-01

    Eighty-nine kidneys of 81 infants and children with uretero-pelvic junction obstruction were investigated using ultrasonography (US), diuretic urography (DUR) and diuretic renography (DREN). Results of the US were false-negative in 14%. This can be avoided by ensuring that the patients get an amount of fluid appropriate to their age before the examination or by performing diuretic ultrasonography with frusemide. False-positive results were found with US in 15%, but obstruction was excluded by using the DUR and/or the DREN. During post-operative follow-up the DUS is useful and after 6 months the clearance with 123-iodine hippurate combined with the DREN should be performed. The administration of the Whitaker-test is unnecessary. (orig.)

  9. Planta de producció de paracetamol

    OpenAIRE

    Analgedol (Grup de recerca); Lafuente Sancho, Francisco Javier; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Escola d'Enginyeria

    2009-01-01

    L'objectiu d'aquest projecte es basa en el disseny d'una planta química en la qual es durà a terme la producció del paracetamol a partir de la nitració del fenol. Per a realitzar aquest projecte s'haurà de tenir en compte que la planta compleixi les normatives i legislacions vigents. Aquest projecte inclou els càlculs realitzats per a obtenir el disseny dels equips necessaris per a dur a terme el procés, els diagrames corresponents al procés com ara plànols d'enginyeria, implantació, etc., la...

  10. Revista de tesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facultad de Medicina Revista

    1945-08-01

    Full Text Available Efectos del curare colombiano sobre el electrocardiograma y la tensión arterial. Tesis de grado "Meritoria". 1945. - Presentada por Rafael Peña Peña / La fiebre amarilla selvática y el género haemagogus (Diptera, Culicidae en Colombia. Tesis de grado "Meritoria". 1945. - Presentada por Pedro Nel Saavedra / Tratamiento de las fracturas abiertas por el yeso oclusivo. Tesis de grado "Meritoria". 1945. Presentada por Julio Durán Tavera / Tratamiento del varicocele por la ligadura alta de las venas espermáticas. Tesis de grado. 1945. - Presentada por Rodrigo Durán Cordovez.

  11. Compétences pour les PME de l'Amérique centrale dans l'économie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Grâce à un projet de durée de 30 mois, deux établissements de recherche et de formation respectés dans la région (la Fundación Omar Dengo, du Costa Rica, et le Centro Interamericano para el Desarrollo del Conocimiento en la Formación Profesional (CINTERFOR) - un institut de recherche et de formation appuyé par ...

  12. Prevention of HIV and other STIs in rural Senegal: a study of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The population-based survey indicated that men were more influenced by individual events like informal discussions or radio programmes while women ... du SIDA et des IST à l\\'aide d\\'un réseau d\\'observateurs-sentinelles sur une durée de 35 mois (mai 2000 - mars 2003) dans trois communautés rurales du Sénégal.

  13. Liver Fat, Hepatic Enzymes, Alkaline Phosphatase and the Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study of 132,377 Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Sean Chun-Chang; Tsai, Shan Pou; Jhao, Jing-Yun; Jiang, Wun-Kai; Tsao, Chwen Keng; Chang, Ly-Yun

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies have reported inconsistent results of the associations of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) with incident type 2 diabetes (diabetes hereafter). We aimed to resolve the controversy by taking nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) into account. The study population comprised 132,377 non-diabetic individuals (64,875 men and 67,502 women) aged 35?79 who had two or more health examinations dur...

  14. Internet Usage Habits as a Part of Distance Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Tufan, Firat

    2015-01-01

    Within the scope of this study, which deals with distance education method as a communication process, a focus group interview was conducted with voluntary students who were randomly selected from various areas/majors at the Department of Distance Education in Istanbul University in order to determine the relationship between their general Internet usage habits and their Internet usage as a part of distance learning and in line with their expectations. The questions posed for the students dur...

  15. Les facies gypso-salins dans la région d'Oran et leurs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 août 2016 ... (Gaucher et al, 1974); de plus, à la transgression de l'Oligocène, a succédé une régression importante qui a duré plus de 5 millions d'années (Dercourt et al, 1995) favorable à des mécanismes de croissance cristallines et de litifaction, propices à la stratification des sels; par la suite, les mouvements ...

  16. La santé dans les Caraïbes Contrer l'obésité par la diversité des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    à Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis en raison de la détérioration qui se produit sur les exploitations agricoles, de l'exposition à la lumière solaire, des températures élevées et de la manipulation inappropriée dans les commerces de détail ? • des techniques simples comme l'utilisation de pellicule de plastique peuvent tripler la durée de.

  17. On an Iteration Leading to a q-Analogue of the Digamma Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Christian; Petersen, Helle Bjerg

    2013-01-01

    We show that the q-Digamma function ψq for 0 < q < 1 appears in an iteration studied by Berg and Durán. This is connected with the determination of the probability measure νq on the unit interval with moments 1/n+1 k=1(1 − q)/(1 − qk), which are q-analogues of the reciprocals of the harmonic numb...

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vol 20 (2009), Effet de la température sur la géométrie et la réactivité en hydrodésazotation (HDN) de la phénanthridine, Abstract PDF. L Bekakra, A Messalhi, R Chater. Vol 31 (2015), Effet de la température sur la microstructure des couches d'oxydes formées sur l'acier extra dur durant le processus de laminage à chaud ...

  19. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Haouam, Abdallah. Vol 31 (2015) - Articles Effet de la température sur la microstructure des couches d'oxydes formées sur l'acier extra dur durant le processus de laminage à chaud. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2352-9717. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's ...

  20. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yallese, MA. Vol 16 (2007) - Articles Etude des efforts et de la température de coupe lors de tournage dur de l'acier AISI 52100 par un outil CBN Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2352-9717. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  1. Relever le défi d'analyse statistique dans des études en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une nouvelle initiative contre le tabagisme. Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK ont le plaisir d'annoncer le lancement d'une nouvelle initiative d'une durée de cinq ans visant la prévention des maladies liées au tabagisme. Voir davantageLe CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une ...

  2. NADHLATUL ULAMA DAN PLURALISME: Studi Pada Strategi Dakwah Pluralisme NU di Era Reformasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Slamet

    2016-11-01

    Gus Dur et all, through International Conference of Islamic Scholars (ICIS as a media to spread out the idea of pluralism and the attitude towards racial, language, religion, pluralism tribe, and custom pluralism (established by Hasyim Muzadi, and through interfaith dialogue (initiated by K.H. Said Aqil Siraj, which is aimed at respecting differences as a disposition. In addition, NU also gives scholarships for Afghanistan’s students to study pluralistic Islam in NU University in Indonesia.

  3. ACCOUNTING AND TAX ISSUES RELATING TO DEPRECIATION OF TANGIBLE ASSETS

    OpenAIRE

    ZEFINESCU CARMEN-VERONICA

    2014-01-01

    The article proposes a study on the financial and accounting implications of tangible assets depreciation. According to national accounting rules and IFRS, depreciation is the equivalent to irreversible impairment of assets. This amend character is given by correcting the fixed assets counting value to obtain the net counting value. The value of depreciation calculated by applying redemption quota to the counting value of the asset is included in operating expenses for the dur...

  4. The risk factors for 3-5-year-olds childrens that lead to the formation of dental caries

    OpenAIRE

    Dautoriūtė, Vismantė

    2017-01-01

    Tooth decay is most common oral infection in children which causes demineralisation of enamel and dentin. Tooth decay is major reason of tooth loss so it is very important for odontologist to know pathogenesis and risk factors of disease to choose and prescribe needed preventive measures. Etiology and pathoghenesis of tooth decay are caused by biological, behavioral and socioeconomic risk factors. So it aims to ascertain etiology and pathogenesis of tooh decay in 3-5 years old children dur...

  5. Understanding Collaborative capacity in an ICT context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rai, Sudhanshu

    In this paper my endeavor is to explore the meaning and implication of collaberation within a dynamic frame which I refer to a capacity. First I review the collaboration literature from an innovation perspective and then develop a framework that enables me to engage with the data we collected dur...... this paper discussing the new insight on collaborative capacity (CC) of firms and their implications for ICT collaboration and firm innovativness....

  6. Initiative de renforcement du leadership en recherche en écosanté ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce type de changement peut être bénéfique à la santé humaine en améliorant la sécurité alimentaire, la nutrition et les revenus. Il peut toutefois ... Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK ont le plaisir d'annoncer le lancement d'une nouvelle initiative d'une durée de cinq ans visant la prévention des maladies liées au tabagisme.

  7. Electrical imaging and self-potential survayes to study the geological setting of the Quaternary, slope depositsin the Agri high valley (Southern Italy)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Schiattarella; S. Piscitelli; V. Lapenna; S. I. Giano

    2000-01-01

    We present the results of a geophysical survey carried out to outline the structural modelling of Quaternary slopedeposits in the northern part of the Agri high valley (Basilicata, Southern Italy). Quaternary folding and brittle deformations of the subaerial slope deposits have been studied combining electrical imaging and self-potential surveys with geological structural analysis. This integrated approach indicates that the area underwent both transpressional and transtensional tectonics dur...

  8. IMPACT (Imaging and Molecular Markers for Patients with Lung Cancer: Approaches with Molecular Targets and Complementary, Innovative Treatments and Therapeutic Modalities)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of bi rth control; abstinence) pr ior to s tudy entry and for the dur ation of study par...h er treating physician i mmediately. The patient, if a man, agrees to use effective contraception or abstinence. Exclusion Criteria 1. Prior...in smoking prevalence among children and adolescents . Over the past 2-3 decades, numerous factors of smoking initiation among adolescents have been

  9. Characterization and Biomimcry of Avian Nanostructured Tissues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-19

    species court females within leks using elaborate colours, strange and unique sounds, and stereotyped movements (Prum, 1990; Endler and Thery, 1996...Prum, 1998; Durães, 2009; Kirwan and Green, 2011; Lukianchuk and Doucet, 2014). Males in the genus Lepidothrix display exceptionally bright colours...the description of a new genus . Mol Phylogenet Evol 69:796-804. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.024. Ohtsuka Y, Seki T, Takeoka Y, 2015. Thermally

  10. Etude de la cinétique de l'hémolyse dans les poches de concentrés ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methodologie: Il s'agissait d'une étude prospective horizontale qui s'est déroulée au Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine (CNTS) à Abidjan-Treichville sur une durée de 02 mois d'octobre 2010 à novembre 2010. Nous avons sélectionné 11 donneurs AS dans une population de donneurs de sang réguliers et 11 ...

  11. Air Break During Preoxygenation and Risk of Altitude Decompression Sickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    examination and were representative of the USAF rated aircrew popula- tion. They were not allowed to participate in scuba div- ing, hyperbaric exposures, or...subjects dur- ing the hypobaric exposures and the subjects were not questioned about how they felt during the altitude ex- posures. Each subject was...to consult with the physicians in Hyperbaric Medicine within the same building. Endpoints of the exposures were: 1) comple- tion of the scheduled

  12. 2154-IJBCS-Article-Gilbert Tite Layeye

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    fécaux dans l'eau des échantillons révèle que la contamination provient de la surface. Pour caractériser le seuil ... durée de vie de E. Coli dans divers types de sols, les résultats .... de Contrôle Qualité des Eaux et Aliments. (LCQEA) de la ...

  13. Aerosol composition and source apportionment in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area with PIXE/PESA/STIM and multivariate analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson , K. S.; De Foy , B.; Zuberi , B.; Molina , L. T.; Molina , M. J.; Xie , Y.; Laskin , A.; Shutthanandan , V.

    2006-01-01

    Aerosols play an important role in the atmosphere but are poorly characterized, particularly in urban areas like the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). The chemical composition of urban particles must be known to assess their effects on the environment, and specific particulate emissions sources should be identified to establish effective pollution control standards. For these reasons, samples of particulate matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) were collected dur...

  14. Modélisation numérique de la minéralisation polymétallifère du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le gisement de Tighza est le 1er site producteur de concentré de plomb et le 2nd fournisseur d'argent au Maroc. Sa durée de vie s'étale sur 15 ans .en effet, la Compagnie minière de Touissit (CMT) a réalisé, en 2008, un chiffre d'affaires de 291,4 MMDH contre 247,3 en 2007, soit une progression de plus 17%.

  15. Millennium Cohort: Enrollment Begins A 21-Year Contribution to Understanding the Impact of Military Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    10.1016/j.jclinepi.2006.05.009population [13,14]. Others suggest that the psychological and physical effects of deployment may have a greater im- pact on...missions may all contribute to increased symptom reporting or psychological distress dur- ing and after deployment [17e25]. Observations that U.S...panic syndrome, other anxiety syndrome, bulimia nervosa, alcohol abuse, and binge-eating disorders, (overall accuracy 5 0.85, 85%); (sensitivity 5

  16. Engineering Design Handbook. Helicopter Engineering. Part One. Preliminary Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-08-30

    the cost of prime interest being life-cycle cost, climate that is hot or cold, in atmosphere that is humid Chapter 3 discusses helicopter performance...required to satisfy 8-3.2 ENGINE INSTALLATION LOSSES varying climatic and environmental factors. For in- stance, maintenance of the helicopter should be...thammable h aulic , asytem l at mhtproidtem a considering the overall flight mission in segments, dur- source of flammable fluids, as well as electrical

  17. Construire la capacité de recherche parlementaire : le cas du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le projet devrait permettre d'assurer la formation d'au moins 30 députés et de 30 employés parlementaires de l'État Shan, ainsi que de 20 représentants des deux organisations de la société civile. Projet nᵒ. 108572. État du projet. Actif. Durée. 12 mois. Agent(e) responsable du CRDI. Edgard Rodriguez. Financement total.

  18. O vývojových tendencích v novočeském vyprávění. Několik poznámek // Several notes to the developmental tendencies in modern Czech narration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Koten

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The contribution summarizes and recapitulates issues of narrative historical poetics. It deepens knowledge of profile narrative texts (classic and modern and narrative modes (rhetorical, objective and subjective narration with respect to the developmental point of view. In conformity with Doležel’s requirement of the research on narrative transformations in so called longue durée (long duration the contribution observes the processes of subjectivisation and objectivisation of modern Czech narration.

  19. Síndrome post

    OpenAIRE

    Avalos, Raquel

    2014-01-01

    ¿Qué sigue luego de que una mujer terminara su relación con el último hombre que amaba? Eso, dicen ellas, depende de cuanto duró el romance o cómo sea la psiquis de cada amante. Lo cierto es que el escenario post convierte a algunas en depresivas, caletas, indiferentes y hasta amnésicas. ¿Qué te parece, varón?

  20. statut de la matiere organique des cambisols et des lixisols sous

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    L'étude vise à évaluer la matière organique des Cambisols et des Lixisols sous formations naturelles de longue durée en zone climatique nord-soudanienne et à établir, les relations entre ... sont supérieures à celles des sols des zones sahélienne et sud-soudanienne. ... globale a eu une corrélation positive avec le pH.

  1. The Implementation of Monetary Policy in an Emerging Economy: The Case of Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Christian A Johnson; Rodrigo Vergara

    2005-01-01

    Central bank authorities base implementation of monetary policy on an analysis of multiple variables known as monetary policy indicators. In a small open economy such as Chile, these indicators may include in-flation misalignments, unemployment, GDP growth, money growth, the current account balance, exchange rate volatility and international re-serves. A neural network approach is used to establish the correspond-ing weights considered by the Board of the Central Bank of Chile dur-ing the per...

  2. Cost Estimate for Gun Liner Emplacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    excellent material to resist wear and erosion in gun tubes, it is applied by an electrolytic process that involves hexavalent chromium, a known carcinogen...A recent Department of Defense memorandum has strongly urged that, wherever possible, processes involving hexavalent chromium be eliminated from...might be affordable.) Other refractory metals, such as the Stellite series, BioDur CCM* (a cobalt, chrome , molybdenum alloy), or niobium are less

  3. The Southern Hemisphere and equatorial region ionization response for a 22 September 1999 severe magnetic storm

    OpenAIRE

    Yizengaw, Endawoke

    2004-01-01

    The ionospheric storm evolution process was monitored during the 22 September 1999 magnetic storm over the Australian eastern region, through measurements of the ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) from seven Global Positioning Systems (GPS) stations. The spatial and temporal variations of the ionosphere were analysed as a time series of TEC maps. Results of our analysis show that the main ionospheric effect of the storm under consideration are: the long lasting negative storm effect dur...

  4. zea mays l.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DEFFAN

    dans la matière première a pour but d'apprécier la qualité de séchage et de prédire la durée de conservation des variétés ..... Selection Evolution, 33 (2001) 465-490. ... [31] - F. L. HERUM, Harvesting and postharvest management. In Watson ...

  5. A Study on the Relationship of Earnings and Cash Flows: Evidence of Finance Sector in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Salehi; Mirsohrab Seyedghorbani

    2013-01-01

    The present study is investigating the quality of annual accounting earnings in banking firms that have been listed in Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) and it evaluates the most important information of accounting that is earnings and cash flows. The study also intends to investigate the relationship between earnings and cash flows regarding their relationship with the expected return of stocks and the extent of informing in the analysis of the inevitable return of stocks. The analyses of data dur...

  6. L'entrepreneuriat : un moteur de changement et de croissance en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 mai 2016 ... Ce rapport fait fond sur les données recueillies dans le cadre d'une étude d'une durée de trois ans sur les attitudes, les perceptions et les intentions des entrepreneurs dans 10 pays d'Afrique subsaharienne menée par le projet et financée par le CRDI. Lancé en 1999, le projet GEM constitue la plus longue ...

  7. Limicolaria flammea

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Karamoko

    2Laboratoire de Zoologie-Biologie Animale, Université Félix Houphouët Boigny de Cocody,. 01 BPV 34 ... pontes, la durée d'incubation et le taux d'éclosion des œufs, alors qu'elle n'a pas d'effet sur le poids et les ... concentrations de calcium, sur la maturité sexuelle et les performances de reproduction de l'escargot L.

  8. Mathematics Education in Singapore - an Insider's Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Kaur, Berinderjeet

    2014-01-01

    Singapore's Education System has evolved over time and so has Mathematics Education in Singapore. The present day School Mathematics Curricula can best be described as one that caters for the needs of every child in school. It is based on a framework that has mathematical problem solving as its primary focus. The developments from 1946 to 2012 that have shaped the present School Mathematics Curricula in Singapore are direct consequences of developments in the Education System of Singapore dur...

  9. Shifts in diversification rates and host jump frequencies shaped the diversity of host range among Sclerotiniaceae fungal plant pathogens

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Andrew; Clarkson, John; Raffaele, Sylvain; Navaud, Olivier; Barbacci, Adelin

    2017-01-01

    The range of hosts that a parasite can infect in nature is a trait determined by its own evolutionary history and that of its potential hosts. However, knowledge on host range diversity and evolution at the family level is often lacking. Here, we investigate host range variation and diversification trends within the Sclerotiniaceae , a family of Ascomycete fungi. Using a phylogenetic framework, we associate diversification rates, the frequency of host jump events, and host range variation dur...

  10. 2582-IJBCS-Article-Mahamat Seid Ali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    55% laquelle, dans 100 kg de matière sèche retient 55 kg de saccharose et 45 kg de matières organiques et non organiques. ... l'alcool éthylique, de levure et de l'acide citrique utilisé dans les ..... Tableau 1 : Effet de la durée de la réaction de 90 mn sur les caractéristiques des solutions de mélasses. Echantillons.

  11. Patterns and Determinants of Off-Farm Migration: Transfer frictions and persistency of relative income gaps

    OpenAIRE

    Olper, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina; Bertoni, Danilo; Cavicchioli, Daniele

    2013-01-01

    The inter-sectoral migration of agricultural labour is a complex but fundamental process of economic development largely affected by the growth of agricultural productivity and the evolution of the agricultural relative income gap. Theory and some recent anecdotal evidence suggest that as an effect of large fixed and sunk costs of out-farm migration, the productivity gap between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors should behave non-monotonically or following a U-shaped evolution dur...

  12. Suivre et contrer la circulation de l'information erronée dans le delta ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un des pires incidents violents au Kenya depuis 2007 est survenu le 22 août 2012, lorsque 52 personnes sont mortes à la suite de violences ethniques entre des cultivateurs orma et des membres de la nation pokomo, un peuple nomade, dans le comté du fleuve Tana. Le présent projet de recherche d'une durée de deux ...

  13. Econophysics: A new discipline

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia R. Bentes

    2010-01-01

    This paper debates the contribution of Econophysics to the economic or financial domains. Since the traditional approach performed by Economics or Finance has revealed to be insufficient in fully characterizing and explaining the correspondingly phenomena, we discuss whether Econophysics can provide a new insight onto these matters. Thus, an assessment is presented in order to weight its potential opportunities and limitations. This is particularly relevant as it is widely recognized that dur...

  14. The chemically zoned 1949 eruption on La Palma (Canary Islands): Petrologic evolution and magma supply dynamics of a rift zone eruption

    OpenAIRE

    Klügel, Andreas; Hoernle, Kaj A.; Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich; White, James D. L.

    2000-01-01

    The 1949 rift zone eruption along the Cumbre Vieja ridge on La Palma involved three eruptive centers, 3 km spaced apart, and was chemically and mineralogically zoned. Duraznero crater erupted tephrite for 14 days and shut down upon the opening of Llano del Banco, a fissure that issued first tephrite and, after 3 days, basanite. Hoyo Negro crater opened 4 days later and erupted basanite, tephrite, and phonotephrite, while Llano del Banco continued to issue basanite. The eruption ended with Dur...

  15. Dosage des polyphénols et activité anti-oxydante de feuilles et d ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Borassus aethiopum est une plante de la famille des Arécacées. C'est un géant palmier qui présente un tronc dur appelé stipe, des racines fasciculées et des feuilles longues en forme d'éventail. Elle est presque cosmopolite et ses différentes parties sont utilisées dans nombreux domaines : économiques, écologiques, ...

  16. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G E Delgado1 A J Mora1 P Grima-Gallardo2 S Durán2 M Muñoz2 M Quintero2. Laboratorio de Cristalografía, Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida 5101, Venezuela; Centro de Estudios de Semiconductores, Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los ...

  17. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    22 mai 2015 ... La dysfonction érectile chez l'hypertendu togolais: étude transversale chez 100 ... élevée chez l'hypertendu togolais. Cette prévalence augmente avec l'âge, la durée de l'HTA, la présence de diabète et l'obésité abdominale. La DE ..... Aranda P, Ruilope LM, Calvo C, Luque M, Coca A, Gil de Miguel.

  18. Les tourismes dans les départements français d'Amérique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Hartog

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Au sein de l'Amérique intertropicale, la Martinique, la Guadeloupe et la Guyane présentent une très grande variété de situations et de dynamiques touristiques. L'analyse de certains paramètres (origine des flux, durée du séjour, offre d'hébergement permet de dégager une typologie spatiale.

  19. Étude comparative des transferts financiers intergouvernementaux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Aux Philippines, on estime à 14 % la proportion d'écoliers qui souffrent de malnutrition aiguë. Les écoles offrent des voies stratégiques et ciblées pour fournir une alimentation nutritive aux enfants et, indirectement, à leurs familles et leurs collectivités. Un projet de recherche d'une durée de trois ans (de 2012 à 2015) a mis ...

  20. Teneurs azotée et minérale des espèces fourragères dominantes et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mars 2016 ... sous abri, bien aérés, sans contact direct avec le soleil. Ils doivent être compacts et durs. RESULTATS. Teneur en Matières Azotées : Les résultats des analyses de la teneur en matières azotées des espèces. Bulbostylis laniceps,. Hyparrhenia wombaliensisi, Trachypogon spicatus et Ctenium newtonii.

  1. Résultats de recherche | Page 34 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet d'une durée de deux ans proposera et amorcera des stratégies fondées sur les données probantes en vue de créer des occasions d'emploi décentes et de soutenir l'entrepreneuriat face à la croissance ... Innovations en apprentissage numérique pour les réfugiés syriens et les collectivités d'accueil.

  2. Kenya : tous les projets | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet d'une durée de deux ans proposera et amorcera des stratégies fondées sur les données probantes en vue de créer des occasions d'emploi décentes et de soutenir l'entrepreneuriat face à la croissance ... Diffuser à grande échelle l'apprentissage numérique au Kenya. Projet ... Programme: Gouvernance et justice.

  3. Effets de la couverture des cages flottantes et de la période de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    final (g), Pmi = poids moyen initial, et t = durée de l'élevage en jours,. Cv (%) = 100 x (écart-type / poids moyen). 2.3. Analyses statistiques. Les données de croissance et de survie sont présentées sous forme de moyennes avec leurs écarts types. Le poids moyen final, le coefficient de variation du poids final et le taux de ...

  4. Factors influencing the development of primary care data collection projects from electronic health records: a systematic review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Gentil, Marie-Line; Cuggia, Marc; Fiquet, Laure; Hagenbourger, Camille; Le Berre, Thomas; Banâtre, Agnès; Renault, Eric; Bouzille, Guillaume; Chapron, Anthony

    2017-01-01

    Background Primary care data gathered from Electronic Health Records are of the utmost interest considering the essential role of general practitioners (GPs) as coordinators of patient care. These data represent the synthesis of the patient history and also give a comprehensive picture of the population health status. Nevertheless, discrepancies between countries exist concerning routine data collection projects. Therefore, we wanted to identify elements that influence the development and dur...

  5. ULAMA DAN POLITIK Tinjauan Peran Abdurrahman Wahid Dalam Perpolitikan Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henny Yusalia

    2015-08-01

    In the era of reform, Gus Dur precisely into the active region of practical politics by founding the National Awakening Party. Until eventually became president of Indonesia. Abdurrahman, the more shows that the activity of the clergy, as a religious leader, can not be separated from the role in the political realm. Indonesia's political and has its own distinctive characteristics, namely the dynamics and patterns have a close relationship between the clergy and politics

  6. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    16 oct. 2015 ... l'obtention ou le maintien du permis de conduire ou pouvant donner lieu à la délivrance du permis de conduire de durée de validité limitée. Journal officiel de la République Française du. 14 Septembre 2012, 1-12. Google Scholar. 7. Kotecha A, Spratt A, Viswanathan A. Visual function and fitness to drive.

  7. Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les écoles offrent des voies stratégiques et ciblées pour fournir une alimentation nutritive aux enfants et, indirectement, à leurs familles et leurs collectivités. Un projet de recherche d'une durée de trois ans (de 2012 à 2015) a mis au point et à l'essai un modèle de nutrition intégrée en milieu scolaire comprenant du ...

  8. Leveraging Cognitive Context for Object Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    established, links have an associated strength value which affects how much activation is passed along the link from chunk j to chunk i. Link strengths ... strength is updated iteratively whenever the model thinks about chunks i context suggests that an apple is most likely to be seen next (since it primes...1998. 1, 4 [3] M. E. Auckland , K. R. Cave, and N. Donnelly. Non- target objects can influence perceptual processes dur- ing object recognition

  9. A retrospective review of snake bite victims admitted in a tertiary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    stay, need for elective ventilation, details of investigations and outcome were reviewed. The data were ... les résultats de l'examen local à l'emplacement de morsure, durée du séjour hospitalier, nécessité de ventilation élective, détails des ..... walk bare footed, and use protective boots,[5,6,11,53] to use a torch while walking ...

  10. Consolidation d'un leadership concernant les démarches écosanté ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une nouvelle initiative contre le tabagisme. Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK ont le plaisir d'annoncer le lancement d'une nouvelle initiative d'une durée de cinq ans visant la prévention des maladies liées au tabagisme. Voir davantageLe CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une ...

  11. Famine, the Black Death, and health in fourteenth-century London

    OpenAIRE

    Antoine, Daniel; Hillson, Simon

    2004-01-01

    In the first half of the fourteenth century two catastrophes struck the population of Europe: the Great Famine and the Black Death. The latter has been extensively studied, but much less is known about the biological effects of the Great Famine. A large assemblage of skeletal remains from one of the Black Death burial grounds, the Royal Mint cemetery in London, provides a unique opportunity to investigate these effects by analyzing the teeth of individuals who survived the famine but died dur...

  12. Psychological and behavioural factors associated with sexual risk behaviour among Slovak students

    OpenAIRE

    Kalina, Ondrej; Geckova, Andrea M.; Jarcuska, Pavol; Orosova, Olga; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Knowledge about the prevalence of sexual risk behaviour (SRB) in adolescence is needed to prevent unwanted health consequences. Studies on SRB among adolescents in Central Europe are rare and mostly rely on a single indicator for SRB. This study aims to assess the association of behavioural and psychological factors with three types of SRB in adolescents in Central Europe. Methods We obtained data on behavioural factors (having been drunk during previous month, smoking dur...

  13. Acute and Post-Exercise Physiological Responses to High-Intensity Interval Training in Endurance and Sprint Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Lukas Cipryan, Gerhard Tschakert, Peter Hofmann

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the presented study was to compare acute and post-exercise differences in cardiorespiratory, metabolic, cardiac autonomic, inflammatory and muscle damage responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIT) between endurance and sprint athletes. The study group consisted of sixteen highly-trained males (age 22.1 ± 2.5 years) participating in endurance (n = 8) or sprint (n = 8) sporting events. All the participants underwent three exercise sessions: short HIIT (work interval dur...

  14. Ocean Data Assimilation: A Coastal Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    tcchnique with a semi-implicit formulation for the vertical acoustic modes (Ho- dur 1997; Hodur et al. 2002; Doyle et al. 2(08). A Robert time filter...r;,d i<l tion pyrometer was used to me<lsure SST with O. loe precision and O.SoC absolute ;Iccuracy. Sample ::l ircrllft p;Jths for J 3 August 2003

  15. Unexpected Antitumorigenic Effect of Fenbendazole when Combined with Supplementary Vitamins

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Ping; Dang, Chi V; Watson, Julie

    2008-01-01

    Diet containing the anthelminthic fenbendazole is used often to treat rodent pinworm infections because it is easy to use and has few reported adverse effects on research. However, during fenbendazole treatment at our institution, an established human lymphoma xenograft model in C.B-17/Icr-prkdcscid/Crl (SCID) mice failed to grow. Further investigation revealed that the fenbendazole had been incorporated into a sterilizable diet supplemented with additional vitamins to compensate for loss dur...

  16. Diagnosis of Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis using Diffusion Tensor Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Eguchi, Yawara; Ohtori, Seiji; Suzuki, Munetaka; Oikawa, Yasuhiro; Yamanaka, Hajime; Tamai, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Tatsuya; Orita, Sumihisa; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Suzuki, Miyako; Aoki, Yasuchika; Watanabe, Atsuya; Kanamoto, Hirohito; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2016-01-01

    Diagnosis of lumbar foraminal stenosis remains difficult. Here, we report on a case in which bilateral lumbar foraminal stenosis was difficult to diagnose, and in which diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was useful. The patient was a 52-year-old woman with low back pain and pain in both legs that was dominant on the right. Right lumbosacral nerve compression due to a massive uterine myoma was apparent, but the leg pain continued after a myomectomy was performed. No abnormalities were observed dur...

  17. Interpersonal Similarity between Body Movements in Face-To-Face Communication in Daily Life

    OpenAIRE

    Higo, Naoki; Ogawa, Ken-ichiro; Minemura, Juichi; Xu, Bujie; Nozawa, Takayuki; Ogata, Taiki; Ara, Koji; Yano, Kazuo; Miyake, Yoshihiro

    2014-01-01

    Individuals are embedded in social networks in which they communicate with others in their daily lives. Because smooth face-to-face communication is the key to maintaining these networks, measuring the smoothness of such communication is an important issue. One indicator of smoothness is the similarity of the body movements of the two individuals concerned. A typical example noted in experimental environments is the interpersonal synchronization of body movements such as nods and gestures dur...

  18. Résultats de recherche | Page 177 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Certains facteurs - la durée indéterminée de l'occupation des territoires palestiniens par Israël et l'extrême dépendance des territoires à l'égard de l'aide étrangère et des recettes douanières contrôlées par Israël - ont mené à la conclusion que. Projet ...

  19. Intensive Nutritional Counselling And Support And Clinical Outcomes In Hemodialysis Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Alessio Molfino; Alessandro Laviano; Maria Grazia Chiappini; Thomas Amman; Filippo Rossi Fanelli; Maurizio Muscaritoli

    2012-01-01

    Protein-energy wasting is frequently found in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Anorexia and hypophagia contribute to malnutrition, increased morbidity and mortality, but the clinical impact of correcting hypophagia remains uncertain. We evaluated whether correction of hypophagia influences morbidity and mortality in anorexic HD patients. Thirty-four HD patients were enrolled in a 2-year follow-up programme including regular nutritional assessment. Patients not meeting nutritional requirements dur...

  20. 2654-IJBCS-Article-Delma Barkwendé Jétro

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Dans la seconde étape, l'ingestion est calculée en fonction de la durée du pâturage quotidien, et des quantités de fourrages et d'aliments offertes au lot de bovin, en prenant en compte les taux de refus pour les fourrages et pour les aliments. Altrop permet d'ajuster la couverture des besoins alimentaires du lot de bovins en.

  1. Campagne antitabac de la Zambie | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une nouvelle initiative contre le tabagisme. Le CRDI et Cancer Research UK ont le plaisir d'annoncer le lancement d'une nouvelle initiative d'une durée de cinq ans visant la prévention des maladies liées au tabagisme. Voir davantageLe CRDI et Cancer Research UK lancent une ...

  2. Effects of manipulating the duration and intensity of aerobic training sessions on the physical performance of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira-Coelho, Francisco; Fonseca, Cletiana Gonçalves; Barbosa, Nicolas Henrique Santos; Vaz, Filipe Ferreira; Cordeiro, Letícia Maria de Souza; Coimbra, Cândido Celso; Pires, Washington; Soares, Danusa Dias; Wanner, Samuel Penna

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of manipulating the load components of aerobic training sessions on the physical performance of rats. To achieve this purpose, adult male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: an untrained control (CON) group and training groups with a predominant overload in intensity (INT) or duration (DUR) or alternating and similar overloads in intensity and duration (ID). Prior to, during, and after 8 weeks of the control or training protocols, the performance of the rats (evaluated by their workload) was determined during fatiguing, incremental-speed treadmill running. Two additional incremental running tests were performed prior to and at the end of the protocols to measure the peak rate of oxygen consumption (VO2peak). As expected, the rats in the trained groups exhibited increased performance, whereas the untrained rats showed stable performance throughout the 8 weeks. Notably, the performance gain exhibited by the DUR rats reached a plateau after the 4th week. This plateau was not present in the INT or ID rats, which exhibited increased performance at the end of training protocol compared with the DUR rats. None of the training protocols changed the VO2peak values; however, these values were attained at faster speeds, which indicated increased running economy. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the training protocols improved the physical performance of rats, likely resulting from enhanced running economy. Furthermore, compared with overload in duration, overload in the intensity of training sessions was more effective at inducing performance improvements across the 8 weeks of the study.

  3. François Le Guévellou, L'ésotérisme et les sciences occultes en Russie. Aperçu historique et lexiques.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Santamaria

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Professeur de linguistique russe à l'INALCO, François Le Guévellou s'est fait connaître du public spécialisé par la rédaction de dictionnaires français-russe / russe-français présentant des lexiques quelque peu originaux (Dictionnaire des gros mots russes ; Dictionnaire russe-français des noms d’animaux et de plantes ; Les termes de couleurs en français et en russe. Etude contrastive et lexiques ; Dictionnaire des onomatopées et interjections russes, souvent accompagnés de savantes études in...

  4. Françoise Battagliola, Histoire du travail des femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Rist

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Initialement paru en 2000, l’ouvrage de Françoise Battagliola vient de bénéficier d’une nouvelle édition : en une centaine de pages denses et bien documentées, l’auteure y brosse un parcours passionnant de l’histoire du travail des femmes en France depuis les débuts de l’industrialisation jus-qu’à la fin du XXe siècle.Le propos s’organise, en gros, selon un axe chronologique, lequel sert de fil conducteur à une problématique voulant éclairer l’histoire, non « des femmes ou du féminin mais des...

  5. Les défis de la gouvernance urbaine à Manille

    OpenAIRE

    Boquet, Yves

    2018-01-01

    La région capitale des Philippines est une des plus grandes aires urbaines du monde en termes de population. Le périmètre officiel du Grand Manille (17 municipalités) abrite environ 12 millions d’habitants et l’expansion périmétropolitaine porte le chiffre réel de Manille à 15 ou 16 millions d’habitants.La rapide croissance de l’aire urbaine depuis les années 1960 a conduit à de gros problèmes de gestion du logement, de la circulation, des déchets et des risques d’inondation, entre autres. Le...

  6. Meurtres et meurtriers dans l’œuvre d’Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Palfroy

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Le premier plan de The Lodger, - film considéré par Hitchcock comme son véritable premier film (chronologiquement son 3e, le premier « Hitchcock picture » comme il le dit à François Truffaut  - montre en gros plan le visage d’une femme hurlant. Ce plan condense en lui une grande partie des éléments qui vont constituer la matière de l’œuvre : la femme, le sexe, le meurtre. Ce qui retient l’attention dans ce plan au-delà du cri - qui renvoie comme bien des cris cadrés par le cinéaste au célèbr...

  7. Disseminated Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection in a paca (Cuniculus paca).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogelson, Susan B; Yau, Wilson; Rissi, Daniel R

    2015-03-01

    A 2-yr-old paca (Cuniculus paca) was presented for necropsy with a history of sudden death. GrosS examination revealed multifocal, transmural, well-demarcated, white, soft nodules scattered along the length of the small intestine. The liver also had similar nodules associated with the capsular and cut surface. Histologic evaluation of several organs, including the intestine, liver, lung, kidney, adrenal gland, and lymph nodes, was consistent with disseminated yersiniosis. In addition, aerobic bacterial culture of liver and lung tissue yielded heavy growth of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram-negative, enteric pathogen that can cause disease in a variety of terrestrial species including humans. Although systemic infection has been observed in rodent species, to our knowledge this is the first report of disseminated Y pseudotuberculosis in a paca.

  8. Avaliação de cultivares e híbridos de bananeira no recôncavo baiano Evaluation of banana cultivars and hybrids in northeastern Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bezerra Lima

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O programa de melhoramento genético de bananeira da Embrapa Mandioca e Fruticultura Tropical visa desenvolver e selecionar novas cultivares de bananeira com alta produtividade, bom sabor dos frutos e que apresentem resistência às principais doenças. Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar cultivares e híbridos de bananeira visando a identificação de genótipos superiores em produtividade e resistência a doenças. Foram avaliados os híbridos da cv. Gros Michel (Calipso, Bucaneiro e Ambrosia; da cv.Yangambi (YB42-21 e YB42-17; da cv. Prata (ST42-08 e ST12-31 e de Prata-Anã (SH3640 e as cultivares Pacovan e Nanicão. As características utilizadas para as avaliações foram: altura da planta (m; diâmetro do pseudocaule (cm; número de folhas vivas na floração; número de folhas vivas na colheita; número de frutos por cacho; peso do cacho (kg; peso médio de frutos (g; comprimento do fruto (cm; diâmetro do fruto (cm; espessura da casca (mm; número de dias do plantio à floração e número de dias do plantio à colheita. Usou-se o delineamento em blocos casualizados com 10 tratamentos, cinco repetições e seis touceiras por parcela, espaçadas de 2,00 m x 3,00 m. Os híbridos avaliados apresentaram características agronômicas iguais ou superiores as cultivares que lhes deram origem. Os melhores híbridos de 'Prata', 'Yangambi' e 'Gros Michel' foram respectivamente, ST12-31, YB42-21 e Bucaneiro.The banana genetic breeding program at Embrapa Cassava and Tropical Fruits aims to develop and select new banana varieties with high productivity, good fruit flavor and resistance to most banana diseases. The objective of this work was to evaluate banana cultivars and hybrids in order to identify superior genotypes for productivity and disease resistance. The following characteristics were evaluated: plant height (cm; pseudostem diameter (cm; number of living leaves during flowering; and at harvest number of fingers per bunch; bunch weight

  9. Consumo de massas, biodiversidade e fitomelhoramento da banana de exportação 1920 a 1980 Mass markets, biodiversity and breeding improvements of export bananas 1920-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Soluri

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A exportação de banana, na América, foi constituída sob uma base genética extremamente limitada: ao longo de setenta anos, uma só variedade de banana, a Gros Michel, foi praticamente a única a ser vendida nos mercados norte-americanos. Esta variedade produzia grandes cachos, resistentes ao transporte, e dotados de um sabor e de uma casca que os consumidores norte-americanos identificavam como pertencentes a uma banana de qualidade. Entretanto, a Gros Michel também se mostrou muito suscetível a um grande número de patógenos fúngicos, incluindo o Mal do Panamá e a Sigatoka. A dinâmica histórica ocasionada, durante a primeira metade do século XX, pela propagação desse fungo, acelerou o aumentou dos índices de desmatamento, desestabilizou os sistemas de vida rural, aumentou os riscos à saúde dos trabalhadores do campo, e limitou os rendimentos das principais companhias de comércio de banana. Tais epidemias impeliram o governo britânico e a United Fruit Company a estabelecerem programas de fitomelhoramento, durante a década de 1920, tendo como meta o desenvolvimento de uma banana para exportação, que fosse resistente ao Mal do Panamá. Contudo, a criação de um híbrido que fosse capaz tanto de prosperar nas zonas tropicais, quanto de encontrar aceitação no mercado norte-americano, se mostrou uma tarefa de difícil realização. A história dos programas de melhoramento revela uma das principais contradições da agricultura do século XX: os mesmos processos de produção massificada, que tendem a reduzir a diversidade biológica a nível local e regional, permaneciam dependentes do acesso a de um banco genético "global", para manter níveis lucrativos de produção.The export banana industry in Latin America and the Caribbean developed on a very narrow genetic base: a single variety, the Gros Michel, was the only banana variety mass marketed in the United States for at least seventy years. The Gros Michel variety

  10. Les graffitis de l'habitation La Caravelle dite « Château Dubuc » presqu’île de la Caravelle, commune de la Trinité Martinique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Barouh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sous l’escalier, à l’abri de la pluie et des canonnades ennemies, les gardes nationaux de Trinité s’apprêtent à repousser les Britanniques, entre le 5 et le 6 février 1794. A l’aide d’une pointe, ils gravent dans l’enduit du mur le type des navires amarrés devant l’îlet Trésor et l'îlet Monsieur, tandis que le gros des troupes d’invasion débarque à la rivière du Galion. Pris à revers, les défenseurs se replient vers la Redoute de Beauséjour puis sur le Vert-Pré en laissant ce témoignage de leurs observations.

  11. Dégradation à l'air et restauration des poudres de YBa2Cu3O7-δ

    OpenAIRE

    Cazy , E.; Bahloul , D.; Smith , D.; Bonnet , J.

    1994-01-01

    La dégradation de poudres de YBa2Cu3O7-δ au contact d'air humide est un phénomène très rapide qui conduit, pour une poudre à gros grains (0,3 m2/g), à un gain initial de masse de 0,4% par heure. Afin de restaurer une poudre dégradée, il est nécessaire de décomposer les hydroxydes et carbonates qui se sont formés. La décomposition des hydroxydes se produit à $T < 750~^\\circ$C ; celle des carbonates est difficile et sensible à pO2. Les meilleures conditions correspondent à un traitement prolong...

  12. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The 34 staff members who have spent 25 years within CERN in 2006 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 1st November. BELLEMAN Jeroen / AB BERTOLA Dominique / DSU BOLDI Armand / TS BOLLET André / AT BRANDT Daniel / DSU CACCIOPPOLI Michel /TS CALDERONE Antonino / TS CLARET René /TS COSSEY PUGET Françoise / PH DALEXANDRO Noël / AT DECOMBAZ Michel / TS DELLA NEGRA Michel / PH DINIUS Arend / AB FOSTER David / IT FROMM Christine / DSU GROS Daniel / TS GUDET Denis / TS LEWIS Julian / AB MAPELLI Livio / PH MASSON Albert / TS MOINE Catherine / PH MÜLLER Hans / PH ODIER Patrick / AB PANMAN Jaap / PH POOLE John / AB PROLA-TESSAUR Maureen / AT RAPHOZ Jean-Pierre / IT ROSTANT Jeanne / PH RUGO Erminio / AB VAN HERWIJNEN Eric / PH WERNER Per / PH WILDNER Elena / AT WILKINSON Jonathan / DSU WISZNIOWSKI Thierry / AB

  13. Helen Sullivan, The Communal Mind and the Master Artifice, Athènes, Stochastis Editions, 2009-2010, 725 pages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorval Brunelle

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La petite histoire de la publication de ce gros livre, tout comme celle de son auteur d’ailleurs, est assez inusitée et mérite certainement le detour avant d’entrer dans le vif du sujet. Le contexteHelen Sullivan était historienne et sociologue; elle est née aux États-Unis en 1906 et elle est morte en Grèce, en 1992. Diplomée de la Cornell University, elle a été l’une des 15 assistant editors de la vaste Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences publiée sous la direction de Edwin R. A. Seligman à comp...

  14. Galite

    OpenAIRE

    Soumille, P.

    2012-01-01

    La Galite est une île située par 37°31’ de latitude Nord et 8’55’ de longitude Est, au large de la côte septentrionale de la Tunisie, à 25 milles marins (46 kilomètres) au Nord du Cap Negro, à 33 milles (61 kilomètres) au Nord/Nord-Est de Tabarka et à 50 milles (92 kilomètres) au Nord/Nord-Ouest de la rade de Bizerte. Les Instructions nautiques sur les côtes de Tunisie, datant de 1890, nous décrivent ainsi l’île : « C’est un gros massif de terre escarpé et sans plage de trois milles de longue...

  15. Medical and biological progress and the European Convention on Human Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byk, C

    1992-01-01

    The advances made in life sciences are one of the most significant features of the 20th century scientific revolution and human rights obviously enjoy prominence among the legal issues affected by the development of medicine. The case law of the organs of the European Convention on Human Rights arising from developments in the biomedical sciences is reviewed. The approach of especially the European Commission on Human Rights to the consequences of advances in the life sciences on the protection of the individual's physical integrity and the protection of freedom of thought and private and family life is analysed. 'Contrary to what we are led to believe, it is not from the starting-point of biology that a particular idea of man can be formed; on the contrary, it is from the starting-point of a particular idea of man that biology can be used to serve him': F Gros, F Jacob & P Royer Life Sciences and Society (1979) 288.

  16. Pratiques de la pêche compétitive et différenciation des sphères d’appartenance aux Îles de la Société (Polynésie française)

    OpenAIRE

    Trémon, Anne-Christine

    2015-01-01

    La pêche au gros, big-game fishing, pratique élitiste comparable à un safari maritime, a été introduite en Polynésie française par un écrivain voyageur américain lors d’une escale sur l’île de Tahiti. Bien qu’elle ait été réservée dans un premier temps à l’élite occidentalisée, cette pratique s’est popularisée en se diffusant. Elle est pratiquée dans le cadre de championnats annuels dont le nombre a connu une forte inflation au cours des cinq dernières années. L’article montre comment son imp...

  17. Caractérisation isotopique des eaux du granite et de l’auréole métamorphique d’Oulmès (Maroc central)

    OpenAIRE

    Olive, Philippe; Dassargues, Alain; Griere, Olivier; Ruthy, Ingrid; El Youbi, A.

    2006-01-01

    Dans le bassin d’Oulmès sont exploitées et commercialisées par la société des Eaux Minérales d’Oulmès qui constitue le plus gros embouteilleur d’eaux minérales du Maroc :Sidi Ali Lala Haya. Le pluton granitique, d’âge hercynien, d’Oulmès est un granite à biotite et muscovite. Il présente une fracturation très marquée et un système filonien très développé. L’altération, très poussée, se manifeste par une arénitisation généralisée qui s’étend en profondeur. Le kaolin caractérise cette altér...

  18. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2012-01-01

    Vous envisagez de changer votre chaudière ? Nous vous recommandons les chaudières de marque ROTEX. Ce type de chaudières à condensation, de fabrication allemande, correspond à des chaudières innovantes développées selon les connaissances les plus récentes en matière de technique de chauffage. Elles fonctionnent au fuel, au gaz ou aux énergies nouvelles. Notre partenaire TMT, qui en a l’exclusivité dans le Pays de Gex, vous offre ses services (fourniture et installation) en vous faisant bénéficier de 5 % de réduction (devis gratuit). Demandez une documentation dans nos secrétariats. * * * * * * Votre électroménager Vous trouverez chez notre partenaire la Société Rexel (Zone de l’Allondon à St-Genis) tout le gros électroménager dans ...

  19. Parámetros de producción y calidad de los cultivares de banano FHIA-17, FHIA-25 y Yangambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saúl Brenes-Gamboa

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar indicadores de crecimiento, desarrollo, características de los frutos y propiedades organolépticas de los cultivares de banano FHIA-25, FHIA-17 y Yangambi. Se establecieron parcelas en cinco fincas en el cantón de Turrialba, Costa Rica, durante los años 2013 y 2014. Cada parcela se conformó por treinta plantas por cada material. En el análisis de las frutas y las propiedades organolépticas se incluyó a los cultivares Coco y el Congo que tienen importancia local. En los resultados, el FHIA-25 mostró vigor y resistencia a la Sigatoka negra, tuvo mayor número de manos (13,8 y mayor peso de la fruta con más de 47 kg de peso. El mayor valor de grados brix se obtuvo con el Gros Michel, material que se usó como referencia y que es el que tradicionalmente se cultiva en la zona; el FHIA-25 aunque mostró un gran desempeño agronómico, los grados brix apenas alcanzaron un valor de 17 en el punto máximo de maduración. Sobre los gustos y preferencia de los consumidores para el caso del FHIA-17, un 37% de los entrevistados opinó respecto a su sabor como bueno, la preferencia por Gros Michel fue siempre superior, de ahí que se realizan este tipo de análisis para buscar nuevas alternativas y no solo depender de los cultivares de este subgrupo para satisfacer la demanda por esta fruta tanto para el consumo fresco como para la industria.

  20. Selecting chemical and ecotoxicological test batteries for risk assessment of trace element-contaminated soils (phyto)managed by gentle remediation options (GRO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumpiene, Jurate; Bert, Valérie; Dimitriou, Ioannis; Eriksson, Jan; Friesl-Hanl, Wolfgang; Galazka, Rafal; Herzig, Rolf; Janssen, Jolien; Kidd, Petra; Mench, Michel; Müller, Ingo; Neu, Silke; Oustriere, Nadège; Puschenreiter, Markus; Renella, Giancarlo; Roumier, Pierre-Hervé; Siebielec, Grzegorz; Vangronsveld, Jaco; Manier, Nicolas

    2014-10-15

    During the past decades a number of field trials with gentle remediation options (GRO) have been established on trace element (TE) contaminated sites throughout Europe. Each research group selects different methods to assess the remediation success making it difficult to compare efficacy between various sites and treatments. This study aimed at selecting a minimum risk assessment battery combining chemical and ecotoxicological assays for assessing and comparing the effectiveness of GRO implemented in seven European case studies. Two test batteries were pre-selected; a chemical one for quantifying TE exposure in untreated soils and GRO-managed soils and a biological one for characterizing soil functionality and ecotoxicity. Soil samples from field studies representing one of the main GROs (phytoextraction in Belgium, Sweden, Germany and Switzerland, aided phytoextraction in France, and aided phytostabilization or in situ stabilization/phytoexclusion in Poland, France and Austria) were collected and assessed using the selected test batteries. The best correlations were obtained between NH4NO3-extractable, followed by NaNO3-extractable TE and the ecotoxicological responses. Biometrical parameters and biomarkers of dwarf beans were the most responsive indicators for the soil treatments and changes in soil TE exposures. Plant growth was inhibited at the higher extractable TE concentrations, while plant stress enzyme activities increased with the higher TE extractability. Based on these results, a minimum risk assessment battery to compare/biomonitor the sites phytomanaged by GROs might consist of the NH4NO3 extraction and the bean Plantox test including the stress enzyme activities. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Roda de Conversa entre Mulheres: Denúncias Sobrea Lei Maria Da Penha e Descrença na Justiça

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Santana Tavares

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute os desafios para a aplicação da Lei Maria da Penha em Salvador, Bahia, a partir do depoimento de onze mulheres em situação de violência doméstica e familiar, cujas queixas e demandas sobre a rede de atendimento foram verbalizadas em uma Roda de Conversa, realizada no Conselho de Desenvolvimento da Comunidade Negra (CNDN em 5 de junho de 2012, para subsidiar a elaboração de um dossiê a ser entregue à CPMI da Violência, durante suas diligências na Bahia. As mulheres consideram o atendimento insatisfatório, tanto nas DEAMs como na Vara, no Ministério Público, no IML e até no Disque 190, uma vez que suas demandas não são atendidas. Sentem-se desprotegidas, humilhadas, desrespeitadas e reféns das situações de violência que as levam a peregrinar por estas instituições

  2. Experimental contribution to the study of gas bearings; Contribution experimentale a l'etude des paliers a gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gobert, G

    1962-07-01

    Developments for gas-lubricated bearings are discussed. The study of how the fluid film behaves compared to what one can expect is discussed. Various devices are described which have allowed us to go up to peripheral velocity greater than 400 m/s, leading to rotational speed of several thousand revolutions per second. This is obtained by using an automatic setting for the distance between fixed and rotating walls. (author) [French] Le present travail debute par un apercu de l'etat actuel des connaissances sur le processus de la lubrification, notamment sur les paliers a lubrification par gaz. Apres une analyse effectuee au moyen des recentes theories de R. Comolet sur le film fluide entre disques paralleles, nous decrivons des machines dont les charges axiales et radiales specialement etudiees ont permis, au moyen d'un reglage automatique des jeux entre parois fixes et parois tournantes, d'atteindre des vitesses peripheriques superieures a 400 m/s correspondant a des vitesses de plusieurs milliers de tours par seconde. (auteur)

  3. Panorama da violência sexual contra crianças e adolescentes em municípios cearenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poliana Hilário Magalhães

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Descrever o panorama da violência sexual contra crianças e adolescentes em municípios do litoral e do sertão do estado do Ceará, Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo realizado em 2014 com análise de dados secundários do “Disque 100” relacionados aos casos de violência sexual contra crianças e adolescentes nos municípios do estado do Ceará, Brasil, referentes ao triênio 2011-2013. Resultados: Foram analisados 210 municípios do sertão cearense, dentre eles o município de Acopiara com 18 (10,8% denúncias, sendo destaque para casos de denúncias por abuso sexual contra crianças e adolescentes. Dentre os municípios litorâneos, Caucaia representa o maior número de denúncias, com 112 (35.07% casos de abuso sexual. Conclusão: O estudo é uma alerta às autoridades e à comunidade para atentarem aos casos de violência sexual (exploração e abuso contra crianças e adolescentes que estão ocorrendo nos diversos municípios cearenses, principalmente na região litorânea.

  4. Experimental contribution to the study of gas bearings; Contribution experimentale a l'etude des paliers a gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gobert, G

    1962-07-01

    Developments for gas-lubricated bearings are discussed. The study of how the fluid film behaves compared to what one can expect is discussed. Various devices are described which have allowed us to go up to peripheral velocity greater than 400 m/s, leading to rotational speed of several thousand revolutions per second. This is obtained by using an automatic setting for the distance between fixed and rotating walls. (author) [French] Le present travail debute par un apercu de l'etat actuel des connaissances sur le processus de la lubrification, notamment sur les paliers a lubrification par gaz. Apres une analyse effectuee au moyen des recentes theories de R. Comolet sur le film fluide entre disques paralleles, nous decrivons des machines dont les charges axiales et radiales specialement etudiees ont permis, au moyen d'un reglage automatique des jeux entre parois fixes et parois tournantes, d'atteindre des vitesses peripheriques superieures a 400 m/s correspondant a des vitesses de plusieurs milliers de tours par seconde. (auteur)

  5. Rage in a Time of Millennial Raving: Rage Against the Machine’s Critical Disruption of Y2K Excitement Rage Against the Machine, ou la critique raisonnée de la frénésie millénariste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Serrato

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Nous étudierons l’intrusion brillante et salutaire du groupe Rage Against the Machine, avec son album The Battle of Los Angeles (1999, dans la frénésie euphorique du passage au deuxième millénaire à la fin de l’année 1999. Les genres musicaux les plus populaires de l’époque – dance music et pop « bubble gum » – reflètent un intérêt décroissant pour le politique, notamment sur les questions ethniques et le problème de l’immigration. Face à la popularité d’artistes latinos comme Jennifer Lopez et Marc Anthony semblant annoncer une ère d’où aurait disparu toute discrimination raciale, le disque de Rage Against the Machine détonne singulièrement, de par son insistance à défendre des positions politiques tranchées. Au vu de la place prépondérante des questions d’immigration au début de l’an 2000, l’album de ce groupe engagé peut être envisagé comme un avertissement aux allures prophétiques contre la tentation de l’étourdissement dans une euphorie millénariste.

  6. Record Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Record Club

    2011-01-01

    http://cern.ch/Record.Club Nouveautés été 2011 Le club de location de CDs et de DVDs vient d’ajouter un grand nombre de disques pour l’été 2011. Parmi eux, Le Discours d’un Roi, oscar 2011 du meilleur film et Harry Potter les reliques de la mort (1re partie). Ce n’est pas moins de 48 DVDs et 10 CDs nouveaux qui vous sont proposés à la location. Il y en a pour tous les genres. Alors n’hésitez pas à consulter notre site http://cern.ch/record.club, voir Disc Catalogue, Discs of the month pour avoir la liste complète. Le club est ouvert tous les Lundi, Mercredi, Vendredi de 12h30 à 13h dans le bâtiment du restaurent N°2 (Cf. URL: http://www.cern.ch/map/building?bno=504) A très bientôt.  

  7. Blaise Cendrars et ses 'Grands Fétiches'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doubinsky, Sebastien

    2016-01-01

    Quand l’écrivain Blaise Cendrars fait paraître sa série de poèmes réunis sous le titre Les Grands Fétiches dans la revue bruxelloise Le Disque vert en 1922, il semble participer de la grande mode « Nègre » qui secoue la France en cette période. Co-découvreur des arts dits « primitives » dès 1916...... avec Guillaume Apollinaire, l’écrivain va les insérer dans son travail poétique comme miroirs inversés de la modernité occidentale. Cependant, même s'il utilise certains des clichés racistes de son époque, il se place lui-même dans le camp des « mélanophiles », et va se servir de cet Art Nègre pour...... repousser à l'extrême les frontières de la modernité. La série des Grands Fétiches participe directement de ce désir, et nous tenterons de montrer dans cet article comment ces objets dits primitifs deviennent des objets « instables » qui remettent en question la définition même du poétique....

  8. Spectrographic determination of beryllium in the atmosphere; Dosage spectrographique du beryllium dans l'atmosphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soudain, G; Morawek, T [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    Since the apparatus for continuous determination of beryllium is not yet perfect, a discontinuous method has been developed. The air to be analysed is filtered, and the dust laden filter is dissolved in a mixture of sulphuric and nitric acid. The pH and the conductivity of the solution obtained were adjusted to standard values, and it was then analysed spectro-graphically by the rotating sector method. Up to 0.01 x 10{sup 6} of Be per cm{sup 3} of solution can be detected. The precision is of the order of 10 per cent. (author) [French] Les appareils de dosage du beryllium en continu n'etant pas encore suffisamment au point, on a elabore une methode discontinue. L'air a analyser est filtre et le filtre charge de poussieres est mis en solution par une attaque sulfo-nitrique. La solution obtenue est normalisee par ajustage de son PH et de sa conductivite puis analysee spectrographiquement par la methode du disque tournant. On peut detecter jusqu'a 0,01.10{sup 6} de Be par cm{sup 3} de solution. La precision est de l'ordre de 10 pour cent. (auteur)

  9. Evaluation of conformity of a first prescription of lipid-based formulation of amphotericin B in a university-teaching pediatric hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agogué, Claire; Bussières, Jean-François; Dehaut, Catherine; Lebel, Denis; Brochet, Marie-Sophie

    2006-04-01

    Invasive fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunodeficient children. Amphotericin B is an important therapeutic agent for the treatment of invasive fungal infections but is associated with significant toxicities and high acquisition costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate physician adherence to a local guideline for the use of lipid-based amphotericin B. The study was approved through Pharmacology & Therapeutics (P&T) committee activities. A retrospective drug utilization review (DUR) was conducted. All orders written between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2004, were reviewed. Demographic and descriptive clinical data were collected as well as variables related to the drug order process. Conformity rates were calculated for the primary objective criteria (authorized prescribers - infectious disease members; recommended drug of choice-Abelcet; accepted indications; and presence of underlying conditions). A total of 109 orders for 70 patients were reviewed by a single research assistant for a 2-year period. Global conformity rate for all four criteria was calculated at 7.3%. Non-conformity was mostly associated with the absence of underlying conditions (e.g., prerenal insufficiency or presence of nephrotoxicity due to amphotericin B desoxycholate) in 84.5% of the cases. Infusionrelated adverse drug reactions partly explained a switch to a non-formulary lipid-based amphotericin B product. External factors (newly published results since the adoption of the guideline and continuous marketing practices) and internal factors (availability of non-formulary process, inefficient DUR process) could have contributed to non-adherence to a local guideline. This study shows low adherence to P&T committee drug guidelines on lipid-based amphotericin B. Continuous and efficient DUR processes should be in place to monitor drug guideline adherence.

  10. Functional expression of a heterologous nickel-dependent, ATP-independent urease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milne, N; Luttik, M A H; Cueto Rojas, H F; Wahl, A; van Maris, A J A; Pronk, J T; Daran, J M

    2015-07-01

    In microbial processes for production of proteins, biomass and nitrogen-containing commodity chemicals, ATP requirements for nitrogen assimilation affect product yields on the energy producing substrate. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a current host for heterologous protein production and potential platform for production of nitrogen-containing chemicals, uptake and assimilation of ammonium requires 1 ATP per incorporated NH3. Urea assimilation by this yeast is more energy efficient but still requires 0.5 ATP per NH3 produced. To decrease ATP costs for nitrogen assimilation, the S. cerevisiae gene encoding ATP-dependent urease (DUR1,2) was replaced by a Schizosaccharomyces pombe gene encoding ATP-independent urease (ure2), along with its accessory genes ureD, ureF and ureG. Since S. pombe ure2 is a Ni(2+)-dependent enzyme and Saccharomyces cerevisiae does not express native Ni(2+)-dependent enzymes, the S. pombe high-affinity nickel-transporter gene (nic1) was also expressed. Expression of the S. pombe genes into dur1,2Δ S. cerevisiae yielded an in vitro ATP-independent urease activity of 0.44±0.01 µmol min(-1) mg protein(-1) and restored growth on urea as sole nitrogen source. Functional expression of the Nic1 transporter was essential for growth on urea at low Ni(2+) concentrations. The maximum specific growth rates of the engineered strain on urea and ammonium were lower than those of a DUR1,2 reference strain. In glucose-limited chemostat cultures with urea as nitrogen source, the engineered strain exhibited an increased release of ammonia and reduced nitrogen content of the biomass. Our results indicate a new strategy for improving yeast-based production of nitrogen-containing chemicals and demonstrate that Ni(2+)-dependent enzymes can be functionally expressed in S. cerevisiae. Copyright © 2015 International Metabolic Engineering Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. 1918-IJBCS-Article-Mayecor Dioup+

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    inférieure à 20%, est soit précoce (janvier, février) soit tardive (mars, avril). A fin de mieux ... tandis que les températures moyennes men- ..... Tableau 2 : Durée des événements de la phénologie foliaire de Acacia tortilis au Ferlo (Nord-. Sénégal). Evénements. Avril Mai Juin Juil. Août Sept. Oct. Nov Déc. Jan. Fév. Mars.

  12. Procédé de traitement d'une ressource fluide, programme d'ordinateur et module de traitement associés

    OpenAIRE

    Rapaport, Alain; Rousseau, Antoine; Harmand, Jérôme

    2014-01-01

    Pour la bio-remédiation de ressources en eau (bassins, lacs..) qui nécessitent d’être traitées par une unité externe de purification à l’aide de bioprocédés, l’invention consiste à mettre en place un réseau « intelligent » de pompes qui s’adaptent au cours du temps à l’hydrodynamique et à la pollution du milieu. L’objectif est d’optimiser la durée du traitement et/ou la qualité de la remédiation.

  13. Néphrome kystique multiloculaire de l'adulte: à propos d'un cas et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    M. Statoua

    intercostale, avec hémostase des tranches de section par surjet passé au fils résorbable 2/0, le saignement peropératoire est estimé a 150 cc. La durée opératoire était de 45 minutes. Les suites opératoires ont été simples, le taux d' hémoglobines est resté sans changement. la créatinine préopératoire étais de 11 mg/l.

  14. le biofilmen industrielaitière:caractérisation facteur de dévellopement et élimination cas du biofilm de bacillus,cereus dans quelques laiteries de la région de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Malek, fadila

    2013-01-01

    En industrie agroalimentaire, le développement des biofilms sur les surfaces en contact avec les aliments peut-être à l’origine de la contamination des produits transformés. Ce qui conduit à la réduction de leur durée de vie et à des risques potentiels pour la santé du consommateur. La qualité précaire du lait pasteurisé produit à l’échelle nationale illustre bien cette situation. L’évaluation de la microflore du biofilm formé à la surface des équipements laitiers dans quelques laiteries d...

  15. Detección de necesidades en pacientes terminales a través de la entrevista profunda y su consecuente apoyo psicológico humanista y tanatológico

    OpenAIRE

    Zaraín, Iliana Jiménez

    2006-01-01

    La presente investigación de tipo cualitativo, tuvo como objetivo detectar las necesidades psicológicas y físicas de los pacientescon alguna enfermedad terminal. Se llevó a cabo en un Hospital del I.S.S.S.T.E, endonde mediante la aplicación de un instrumento proporcionado por el hospital y la técnica de la entrevista profunda se recolectaron una serie de datos, cada entrevista duró entre 1 y 2 hrs. Se realizaron 6 entrevistas con cada uno de los 3 pacientes entrevistados para detectar sus nec...

  16. Coordination of BRCA1/BARD1- and MRE11/RAD50/NBS1-Dependent DNA Transactions in Breast Tumor Suppression

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    human DNA repair proteins at a unique double-strand break in vivo, EMBO J 25, 222-231. 19. Berkovich, E., Monnat, R. J., Jr., and Kastan, M. B...structures around DNA as SMC complexes do. Rad50 exhibits ATPase activity in vitro, which is required for DNA repair and meiosis (3, 57). The rad50S...151). Exo1 expression is induced dur- ing meiosis , suggesting a role in meiotic DSB resection (149). Studies in the dmc1 mutant, which exhibits hyper

  17. Mecanismos de control en la ciudad de Osorno en el contexto de dictadura militar 1973 - 1990

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Ángel Sepúlveda Chávez

    2014-01-01

    El siguiente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir los mecanismos de poder y control utilizados en la ciudad de Osorno bajo en el período de Dictadura Militar.  El Golpe Militar del 11 de septiembre de 1973 y la instauración de una dictadura de diecisiete años en Chile, fue un hecho que marcó a la sociedad chilena en general.  Durante el tiempo que duró, se intentó omitir los violentos actos ejecutados contra todos los contrarios al régimen militar.  Sistemáticas violaciones a los Derechos Hu...

  18. Exemption Clauses and the Consumer Protection Act 68 of 2008: An Assessment of Naidoo v Birchwood Hotel 2012 6 SA 170 (GSJ)

    OpenAIRE

    Yeukai Mupangavanhu

    2014-01-01

    Exemption clauses are a rule rather than an exception particularly in standard-form contracts. Consumers are usually forced to accept such terms on a "take-it-or-leave-it" basis. This state of affairs shows that freedom of contract is theoretical and could lead to injustices. In Naidoo v Birchwood Hotel 2012 6 SA 170 (GSJ) the Court refused to uphold the exemption clauses based on the fact that it would have been unfair and unjust to the plaintiff who had sustained serious bodily injuries dur...

  19. Quand devient-on vieille ? Femmes, âge et travail au Québec, 1940-1980 d'Aline Charles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène David

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, constitué de deux parties principales, vise à faire émerger de la méconnaissance actuelle des « vieillesses de femmes actives » ainsi qu’à documenter la naissance et l’essor d’une retraite féminine. Aline Charles amorce son propos avec limpidité en expliquant la nécessité de conjuguer des analyses constructivistes sur trois objets distincts, la vieillesse, les femmes et le travail, afin de pouvoir cerner des fins de vies professionnelles de longue durée ainsi que l’accès à la ret...

  20. State-of-the-Art for Assessing Earthquake Hazards in the United States. Report 25. Parameters for Specifying Intensity-Related Earthquake Ground Motions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    and Sponheuer, W. 1969. Scale of Seismic Intensity: Proc. Fourth World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Santiago, Chile . Murphy, J. R., and O’Brien, L...Predom V/H el, V/I Vel V/H Displ V/H sec VIH Period Period Predom Accel cm/sec Vel cm Disp .05 Dur sec sec Period S11 2 0.48 MODIFIED MERCALLI INTENSITY...0.1 0. 0.16 142.20 Long. Vert Hor Vert Ratio Ratio Vert Ratio Vert r io Du r atio Predom Predom VIH Acce V/H Vel V /H Dspi V H sec 1, H Period Period

  1. Response of zooplankton to physical changes in the environment: coastal upwelling along central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Madhupratap, M.; Nair, S.R.S.; Haridas, P.; Padmavati, G.

    .U. Haq and J.D. Milliman, (Eds.), Marine Geology and Oceanography ofArabian Sea and Coastal Pakistan. New York: Reinhold, pp. 339-350. PAFFENHOFER, G-A.; WESTER, B.T. and NICHO· LAS, W.O., 1984. Zooplankton abundance in rela- Journal of Coastal Research... Ocean. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 94, 129-137. SMITH, S.L., 1982. The northwest Indian Ocean dur ing the monsoons of 1979: distribution, abundance and feeding of zooplankton. Deep-Sea Research, 29, 1331-1353. SMITH, S.L.; BOYQ, C...

  2. Caracterización clínico epidemiológica del parasitismo intestinal en pacientes jóvenes

    OpenAIRE

    Ayrelis Perovani Argüelles; Junior Vega Jiménez; Sandy Rodríguez Reyes; Yailín Cabrera Hernández

    2017-01-01

    Introducción: entre las enfermedades infecciosas, las producidas por parásitos intestinales constituyen un importante problema de salud para el hombre. Objetivo: caracterizar clínica y epidemiológicamente el parasitismo intestinal en pacientes jóvenes. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en la consulta externa del Hospital Militar Docente "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy"; el universo de estudio estuvo representado por todos los pacientes jóvenesa tendidos dur...

  3. Réduction des pertes de fruits grâce à la nanotechnologie (FCRSAI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La mauvaise manipulation des fruits entraîne des pertes après récolte dans près de 40 % des pays tropicaux. Ce projet vise à prolonger la récolte, améliorer la qualité des fruits et en accroître la durée de conservation. Il s'appuie sur un projet précédent financé par le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire ...

  4. Toward tsunami early warning system in Indonesia by using rapid rupture durations estimation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madlazim

    2012-01-01

    Indonesia has Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (Ina-TEWS) since 2008. The Ina-TEWS has used automatic processing on hypocenter; Mwp, Mw (mB) and Mj. If earthquake occurred in Ocean, depth 7, then Ina-TEWS announce early warning that the earthquake can generate tsunami. However, the announcement of the Ina-TEWS is still not accuracy. Purposes of this research are to estimate earthquake rupture duration of large Indonesia earthquakes that occurred in Indian Ocean, Java, Timor sea, Banda sea, Arafura sea and Pasific ocean. We analyzed at least 330 vertical seismogram recorded by IRIS-DMC network using a direct procedure for rapid assessment of earthquake tsunami potential using simple measures on P-wave vertical seismograms on the velocity records, and the likelihood that the high-frequency, apparent rupture duration, T dur . T dur can be related to the critical parameters rupture length (L), depth (z), and shear modulus (μ) while T dur may be related to wide (W), slip (D), z or μ. Our analysis shows that the rupture duration has a stronger influence to generate tsunami than Mw and depth. The rupture duration gives more information on tsunami impact, Mo/μ, depth and size than Mw and other currently used discriminants. We show more information which known from the rupture durations. The longer rupture duration, the shallower source of the earthquake. For rupture duration greater than 50 s, the depth less than 50 km, Mw greater than 7, the longer rupture length, because T dur is proportional L and greater Mo/μ. Because Mo/μ is proportional L. So, with rupture duration information can be known information of the four parameters. We also suggest that tsunami potential is not directly related to the faulting type of source and for events that have rupture duration greater than 50 s, the earthquakes generated tsunami. With available real-time seismogram data, rapid calculation, rupture duration discriminant can be completed within 4–5 min after an earthquake

  5. Effets du calcium alimentaire sur les paramètres de reproduction de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le taux optimal de calcium induisant une meilleure reproduction varie de 12,02 % à 16,01 %. En outre, les animaux qui ont été nourris à ces régimes ont eu une relative longévité, un nombre élevé de pontes, une durée d'incubation réduite et un taux élevé d'éclosion des oeufs, contrairement aux régimes à base de ...

  6. Transferencia de la formación docente universitaria : un estudio en los docentes de las facultades de ingeniería de la Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile) /

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Peña, Roxana,

    2017-01-01

    Departament responsable de la tesi: Departament de Pedagogia Aplicada. Numerosos estudios, la mayoría de ellos de universidades anglófonas y europeas, han examinado la cuestión de cómo medir el impacto de la formación de los profesores (Guskey, 2002, Gibbs y Coffey, Prosser y Rickinson, 2008, Stes, Min-Leliveld, Gijbels y Van Petegem, 2010, Feixas, Durán, Fernández, Fernández y García San Pedro, Márquez et al., 2013). Sin embargo, la falta de evaluación sistemática sigue siendo una preocup...

  7. Research Using In Vivo Simulation of Meta-Organizational Shared Decision-making (SDM). Task 4: Modeling of Communication and Decision Functions within a Shared Decision-making (SDM) Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    recherche fait ressortir plusieurs facteurs liés au besoin de procéder à la résolution inter-organisationnelle des problèmes pendant toute la durée de...l’événement, et plus particulièrement pendant les phases de préparation et de planification afin de mettre en place ii DRDC CSS CR 2011-33 le...the problem using flexible interpretive frameworks. Collaboration is represented below as a bridge that is made up of organizations that support

  8. ADDRESSING THE DEFICIT: Updating the Budgetary Implications of Selected GAO Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-06-01

    DGPS DI DLA DOD DOE DOT DUR EDWAA EM EPA FAIR FAA FAS FDIC FHWA FY GAO GSA HACCP HCFA HHS HMO HUD IDB IFAD INS IRS JCT...Marti, the broadcasts are constantly and effectively jammed , USIA’S research data shows that, mainly as a result of the jamming , the number of Cubans...hours (from 3:30 am to 8:00 am), but Cuban jamming also expanded. In an attempt to overcome jamming , TV Marti has plans to convert from VHF to UHF

  9. El petróleo como repelente de Phlebotomus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marshall Hertig

    1943-09-01

    Full Text Available Se ha probado el repelente del petróleo contra el Phlebotomus verrucarum. Se echó varias veces petróleo en las paredes exteriores y en el suelo alrededor de casas en la zona verrucógena del Rímac, donde son abundantes las titiras. Inmediatamente después de cada petrolización se redujeron a números insignificantes las titiras dentro de las casas, efecto que duró aproximadamente una semana.

  10. Vissage percutané rétrograde du scaphoïde | Mhammdi | Pan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    En plus des bénéfices de la chirurgie à ciel ouvert du scaphoïde, la réduction de la durée d'immobilisation et le retour rapide au travail, le vissage percutané permet également de réduire le risque opératoire et d'éviter un délabrement des tissus mous, une dévascularisation du foyer de fracture et par conséquent cette ...

  11. L'aferrament adult en dones adoptades: relació amb la construcció de la identitat

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Sala, Laia

    2016-01-01

    Aquest estudi parteix d’un posicionament constructivista relacional (Botella, Herrero, Pacheco i Corbella, 2004) i de la Teoria de l’Aferrament (Bowlby, 1969) i de l’Aferrament Adult (Hazan i Shaver, 1987) per a l’anàlisi d’aquest últim i de la seva relació amb la construcció de la identitat de 15 dones adoptades amb fills biològics. Per tal de dur-ho a terme, es va treballar a partir d’una entrevista semi- estructurada, del qüestionari auto-aplicat ECR-S (Alonso- Arbiol, Balluerka i Shaver, ...

  12. Condena judicial contra el ex Presidente Alberto Fujimori: mensaje contra la impunidad y nuevo capítulo en la historia del Perú contemporáneo

    OpenAIRE

    David Lovatón Palacios

    2010-01-01

    El artículo analiza desde la perspectiva del derecho de los derechos humanos y desde la posición singular de un abogado que pertenece a una de las organizaciones de derechos humanos que participó representando a "la parte civil" (las víctimas), el proceso judicial seguido en contra de Alberto Fujimori. La mirada de este trabajo es, por sobre todo, la de un testigo de un proceso judicial ejemplar que duró 16 meses que da cuenta de la perseverancia de los familiares de las víctimas, del desempe...

  13. Una experiencia del atletismo en Cantabria

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Saornil, Santos

    2017-01-01

    Tesina titulada "Una experiencia del atletismo en Cantabria" del autor Santos Castillo Saornil y dirigida por el profesor Jesús Patricio Durán Piqueras. Instituto Nacional de Educación Física, curso 1983-1984. Consta de los siguientes capítulos: enseñanza del atletismo, iniciación al atletismo, la lección de iniciación al atletismo, iniciación a las carreras, experiencias personales, conclusiones y bibliografía.

  14. Tank für Überschusshefe versagt – mit katastrophalen Folgen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess; Selig, Robert Simon

    2017-01-01

    Ein großer Tank für Überschusshefe flog in die Luft und nur noch die Bodenplatte und der Tankinhalt blieben zurück. Obwohl der Tank nicht für Überdruck ausgelegt war, wurde er auf ,"sehr geringem Überdruck" gehalten, um störende Schaumentwicklung zu verhindern. Der Brauerei waren die Gefahren dur...... Druckluft nicht bekannt. Der in diesem Artikel beschriebene Unfall soll aufzeigen, dass Vorsicht geboten ist, wenn ein ursprünglich für atmosphärischen Druck ausgelegter Tank auf Betrieb mit leichtem Überdruck abgeändert wird...

  15. Use of cultivated plants and non-plant remedies for human and animal home-medication in Liubań district, Belarus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sõukand, Renata; Hrynevich, Yanina; Prakofjewa, Julia; Valodzina, Tatsiana; Vasilyeva, Iryna; Paciupa, Jury; Shrubok, Aliaksandra; Hlushko, Aliaksei; Knureva, Yana; Litvinava, Yulia; Vyskvarka, Siarhei; Silivonchyk, Hanna; Paulava, Alena; Kõiva, Mare; Kalle, Raivo

    2017-10-03

    To use any domestic remedy, specific knowledge and skills are required. Simple logic dictates that the use of wild plants in the context of limited interaction with nature requires prior identification, while in the case of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants this step can be omitted. This paper aims to document the current and past uses of non-plant remedies and cultivated plants in the study region for human/animal medication; to analyze the human medicinal and veterinary use areas in the context of the remedy groups; to qualitatively compare the results with relevant historical publications; and to compare the intensity and purpose of use between the remedy groups. During field studies 134 semi-structured interviews were conducted with locals from 11 villages in the Liubań district of Belarus. Currently used home-remedies as well as those used in the past were documented by employing the folk history method. The subject was approached through health-related uses, not by way of remedies. Interview records were digitalized and structured in Detailed Use Records in order to ascertain local perceptions. An Informant Consensus Factor (FIC) was calculated for remedy groups as well as for different use categories. In the human medication area the use of nearby remedies was neither very diverse nor numerous: 266 DUR for 45 taxa belonging to 27 families were recorded for cultivated plants along with 188 DUR for 58 different non-plant remedies. The FIC values for both remedy groups were lower than for wild plants. In the ethnoveterinary medicine use area there were 48 DUR referring to the use of 14 cultivated plant taxa from 12 families and 72 DUR referring to the use of 31 non-plant remedies. The FIC value for the whole veterinary use area of cultivated plants was relatively low, yet similar to the FIC of wild plants. Differences between remedy groups were pronounced, indicating that in domestic human medicine cultivated plants and non-plant remedies are either

  16. Mudança dos mecanismos de defesa e das características de personalidade no processo terapêutico

    OpenAIRE

    Loureiro, Diana de Paiva Silvano Calado

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário, na especialidade de Psicologia Clínica Os mecanismos de defesa são um dos conceitos mais originais e uma das mais duráveis contribuições teóricas da psicanálise. O objetivo desta revisão de literatura consiste em aprofundar questões relacionadas com o desenvolvimento e evolução de conceções acerca do conceito, compreender funções relevantes dos mecanismos de defesa, e sobretudo fazer uma pesquisa acerca da i...

  17. Impact de différents régimes hydriques sur la capacité de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    saturés en eau durant toute la durée de l'expérience (2 mois), soumis à une dessiccation progressive puis laissés secs ... responsables d'émission de gaz à effet de .... (n = 9). 0,0033 mg de NO3- g-1 de sédiment sec. 0,0026 mg de NO3- g-1 de sédiment sec. Teneur en Carbone. (n = 9). 7,74 %. 8,81 %. Teneur en Azote.

  18. Physically based walking simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Lligadas, Xavier

    2012-01-01

    Hem realitzat l’estudi de moviments humans i hem buscat la forma de poder crear aquests moviments en temps real sobre entorns digitals de forma que la feina que han de dur a terme els artistes i animadors sigui reduïda. Hem fet un estudi de les diferents tècniques d’animació de personatges que podem trobar actualment en l’industria de l’entreteniment així com les principals línies de recerca, estudiant detingudament la tècnica més utilitzada, la captura de moviments. La captura de moviments p...

  19. La percepció de la inserció laboral en els ex-reclusos

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Vilaregut, Àngel

    2017-01-01

    En el present treball s’ha elaborat una investigació per indagar entorn a la percepció de la inserció laboral del col·lectiu dels ex-reclusos. Per dur a terme aquest projecte s’ha utilitzat una metodologia qualitativa, en que s’ha entrevistat a dos tipologies diferents d’individus. En primer terme a ex-reclusos, que després del pas per centres penitenciaris, es troben treballant a través d’empreses d’inserció laboral dedicades a aquest col·lectiu. Per altre banda a experts en l’àmbit laboral ...

  20. Competències i factors clau per a l’èxit educatiu des de la perspectiva dels estudiants universitaris fills/es dels immigrants

    OpenAIRE

    Cano García, Elena

    2013-01-01

    L’estudi realitzat ha abordat quines són les competències i els factors clau que estudiants universitaris d’origen immigrant consideren que han estat claus per arribar a la universitat, assolint així l’èxit educatiu. S’han escollit estudiants que haguessin fet l’escolaritat obligatòria total o parcialment a Catalunya.Per dur a terme la recerca s’ha treballat amb relats de vida (un total de 13 escrits) i narracions audiovisuals (amb un total de 4 produccions), essent finalment 17 les evidèncie...

  1. Ajuste psicosocial en adolescentes víctimas de cyberbullying

    OpenAIRE

    Iranzo Ejarque, Begoña

    2017-01-01

    1. INTRODUCCIÓN Los enormes y continuos avances de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TICs) han contribuido al desarrollo de nuevas formas de comunicación e interrelación social en la sociedad actual (Buelga y Chóliz, 2013). Pese a estas ventajas, han surgido nuevos problemas en la red como consecuencia del mal uso que algunos niños y adolescentes hacen de la TICs (Durán y Martínez, 2015; Ortega-Barón, Buelga y Cava, 2016; Rice et al., 2015). En este sentido, dest...

  2. Propuesta de análisis tecnomorfológico para la industria lítica del Pleistoceno Medio

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín Panera Gallego; Susana Rubio Jara

    1996-01-01

    La aproximación e identificación de las cadenas operativas líticas durante el Paleolítico inferior y medio es extraordinariamente compleja, debido fundamentalmente a la heterogeneidad del registro fósil. En este trabajo proponemos un método de análisis tecnomorfológico para la industria lítica del Pleistoceno medio basado en la filosofía que Boéda ha conferido a la identificación de cadenas operativas líticas en este período.The approximation and Identification of lithic operative chains, dur...

  3. A fatia de mercado em função do esforço mercadológico

    OpenAIRE

    Grandis Rojo, Francisco José

    1984-01-01

    Trata de uma análise dos efeitos das variáveis do Composto Mercadológico sobre a Fatia de Mercado de bens de consumo não duráveis, com base em dados levantados no varejo brasileiro. Aborda as relações entre Fatia de mercado e Composto Mercadológico, utilizando-se de modelos de regressão múltipla, tecendo considerações sobre opções estratégicas para os empresários brasileiros.

  4. First Record of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in Ecuador Infesting Urban Citrus and Orange Jasmine Trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornejo, J.F.; Chica, E.J.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Adults and nymphs of the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), were collected in the Guayaquil, Samborondón, and Durán cantons in coastal Ecuador. Psyllids were found in high numbers in citrus ( Citrus spp., Sapindales: Rutaceae) and orange jasmine ( Murraya exotica [L.] Jack, Sapindales: Rutaceae) trees within the Guayaquil-Samborondon-Duran conurbation; however, none was found during scoutings in the main citrus producing areas in coastal Ecuador. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of D. citri in Ecuador and the Pacific coastal plain of South America. PMID:25527601

  5. Analysis of Human Communication during Assembly Tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    AD-A7l 43 ANALYSIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION DURING ASSEMBLY TASKS in1(U) CRNEGIE-MELLO UNIY PITTSBURGH PA ROBOTICS INST UNCLSSIIEDK S BARBER ET AL...ao I Dur~~~~IngAbcbyTs; 7c .S:in i lSAo .0. Analysis of Human Communication During Assembly Tasks K. Suzanne Barber and Gerald J. Agin CMU-RI-TR-86-1...TYPE or REPORT & PE-Rioo CevCZaz Analysis of Human Communication During Assembly Inlterim Tasks I . PERFORMING 00RG. REPORT NUMBER 1. £UT~oOR~e) IL

  6. AVIS AUX PASSIONNES... - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Les anémones du CERN seront bientôt orphelines. Nous recherchons une personne volontaire pour s'occuper de l'aquarium situé au bâtiment principal, pour une durée d'une année. Si vous êtes intéressé, ou si vous voulez plus d'information, téléphonez au 73830 (les anémones vivant dans l'aquarium vous remercient beaucoup d'avance).

  7. Importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación

    OpenAIRE

    María Elena Gutiérrez Hernández; Ileana Grau León; Gema Lauzardo García del Prado

    2003-01-01

    Se realiza un estudio sobre la importancia del articulador semiajustable en la rehabilitación protésica. Se define la oclusión dentaria como la relación que se establece entre las arcadas dentarias cuando estas toman contacto entre sí permaneciendo el arco inferior inmóvil con respecto al superior. Debido a que es fundamental en la rehabilitación protésica tratar de respetar la integridad funcional del paciente, nos proponemos como objetivo reestablecer los contactos en los deslizamientos dur...

  8. Et le gagnant est... Brendan Baker en entrevue | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... lancé par le CRDI dans la période menant au troisième Forum urbain mondial. ... Après avoir obtenu mon diplôme universitaire, je me suis engagé pour une affectation de longue durée avec Ingénieurs sans frontières, qui m'a envoyé au Sénégal afin de participer à un projet de transformation des noix de ...

  9. Glycated haemoglobin and associated variables in diabetics: Ilorin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cent cinquante malades atteints de diabètes mellitus du type 2 ont été examinés afin de décider les conséquence de l'hémoglobine glycosylée et des facteurs qui pourront l'influencer. Des facteurs ainsi notés étaient: âge, sexe, la durée de la maladie et l'indice de la masse. Le HbA1c moyen était 8,0%. Quatre vingt seize ...

  10. RF link for Implanted Medical Devices (IMDs) and Sub-GHz Inductive Power Transmission

    OpenAIRE

    Diet , Antoine; Koulouridis , Satvros; Le Bihan , Yann; Luu , Quang-Trung; Meyer , Olivier; Pichon , Lionel; Biancheri-Astier , Marc

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Ce travail s'inscrit dan sune etude exploratoire sur les possibilités de télé-alimentation RF des implants médicaux et/ou de communication entre eux. En effet, la durée de fonctionnement de certains implants avec batterie rend leur utilisation critique car il ne faut pas privilégier une intervention chirurgicale lourde s'il est possible d'agir de manière non-invasive. La transmission d'énergie sans fil ou WPT (Wireless Power Transfer) est au cœur de nombreuses autres t...

  11. ELECTROBIORREMEDIACIÓN DE UN SUELO CON UNA CONTAMINACIÓN ANTIGUA DE HIDROCARBURO

    OpenAIRE

    Maite Soledad Baztan; Oscar Héctor Pucci; Graciela Natalia Pucci

    2015-01-01

    La electrobiorremediación es la técnica híbrida que suma los efectos de la electrorremediación a la degradación bacteriana de diferentes contaminantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar esta técnica para aumentar la biodisponibilidad de los hidrocarburos presentes en un suelo con contaminación antigua y su eliminación. El experimento duró 63 días y se realizó en una cuba de vidrio con tres compartimentos comunicados por puentes salinos de buffer fosfato que permitieron establecer la di...

  12. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    21 sept. 2010 ... Nos patients étaient traités par hémodialyse, avant la greffe, dans 65 cas (97%), et dialyse péritonéale dans 2 cas. (2,9%). La durée de dialyse médiane est de 24 mois (2 – 260). Concernant le ... TR, dans un tableau d'altération de la fonction rénale avec douleurs abdominales. La rupture du greffon était.

  13. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    19 sept. 2013 ... La durée moyenne d'hémodialyse était de 89± 54 mois. 67(80%) de nos patients étaient de bas niveau socio-économique. La néphropathie causale était diabétique dans 17.8% des cas, vasculaire dans 9.6% des cas, et indéterminée dans 53.3 %. (Figure 1). Les douleurs osseuses étaient présentes chez ...

  14. Transformation et commercialisation améliorées des produits du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à aborder le problème en mettant à l'essai des séchoirs solaires et en en faisant la promotion. Ces séchoirs peuvent améliorer la durée de conservation des petits poissons et la qualité du produit. Plus précisément, les chercheurs testeront des méthodes de séchage sur trois espèces de petits poissons :

  15. Clúster d'ordinadors per estacions base

    OpenAIRE

    Paños Marín, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Es planteja el desenvolupament d'un cluster d'ordinadors que pugui dur a terme la computació intensiva necessària en una estació base. El computador de base a analitzar es la PS3 utilitzant les eines de programació disponible i sota entorn Linux. Les activitats que es duran a terme son: Iniciació a l'entorn de desenvolupament per la PS3. Anàlisi de les prestacions que es poden aconseguir i identificació de les limitacions en el desenvolupament de codi paralelitzable. Definició i posada en mar...

  16. Programa de Investigaciones sobre Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico en América Latina: Monografía de Trabajo: No. 52: Julio, 1982: Cambio tecnológico en la industria Venezolana de maquinaria agrícola: Estudios de caso

    OpenAIRE

    José Manuel Martínez; Pablo Levin; Mauricio Turkieh; Arnoldo Pirela

    1982-01-01

    Comprende tres estudios de caso referidos a las empresas de maquinaria agrícola en Venezuela, tales como: Rota Agro, Tanapo y Nardi. Analiza, en cada una de ellas, la evolución tecnológica de la firma, los factores que la determinan y la incidencia que tiene su conducta en la posición relativa en el mercado. Presenta reflexiones, derivadas de los estudios de caso, sobre la interacción entre el desarrollo de las formas del mercado y la naturaleza y distinto énfasis que dedican las empresas dur...

  17. Évaluation du potentiel de germination de Moringa oleifera dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    28 févr. 2014 ... graines. Au regard des résultats des travaux de. Quashie et al., (2009) in vitro ou en serre, la présence de la lumière raccourcit le temps de germination tout en réduisant de 10 à 20%, les taux cumulés de germination. Ces résultats expliqueraient le faible taux de germination ainsi que la durée du délai de ...

  18. Néotoponymie contestée à Potchefstroom / Tlokwe (Province du Nord-Ouest, Afrique du Sud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Houssay-Holzschuch

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Illustration 1 - Extrait du site de la municipalité de Potchefstroom / TlokweSource : http://www.potch.co.za/newsarchive/streetnames.htmlIllustration 2- Potchefstroom (Afrique du SudAuteur : Béatrice Obry-Guyot, début décembre 2007.Illustration 3 - Extrait du plan Google Map de PotchefstroomSource : Google Map.La question toponymique en Afrique du Sud sur la longue durée porte sur deux thèmes essentiels porteurs de controverses : le plurilinguisme et le marquage symbolique et mémoriel du te...

  19. Dose mapping using MCNP code and experiment for SVST-Co-60/B irradiator in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Van Hung; Tran, Khac An

    2010-06-01

    By using MCNP code and ethanol-chlorobenzene (ECB) dosimeters the simulations and measurements of absorbed dose distribution in a tote-box of the Cobalt-60 irradiator, SVST-Co60/B at VINAGAMMA have been done. Based on the results Dose Uniformity Ratios (DUR), positions and values of minimum and maximum dose extremes in a tote-box, and efficiency of the irradiator for the different dummy densities have been gained. There is a good agreement between simulation and experimental results in comparison and they have valuable meanings for operation of the irradiator. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Emploi et migration des jeunes en Afrique de l'Est et du Sud | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet d'une durée de deux ans proposera et amorcera des stratégies fondées sur les données probantes en vue de créer des occasions d'emploi décentes et de soutenir l'entrepreneuriat face à la croissance démographique des jeunes que connaît l'Afrique. Il se concentrera sur la manière dont la migration influe sur ...

  1. Los rubios. Recherche sur les différents états de la mémoire et sur la reconstruction d’une identité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Mariasole Raimondi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Los rubios, Argentina, 2003. Réalisation : Albertina Carri. Interprètes : Analìa Couceyro, Albertina Carri. Durée : 89 min. Noir & blanc et couleurs. Langue espagnole. Introduction Mélange de souvenirs, d’anecdotes, de fragments et d’imagination. Los rubios [trad. Les Blonds] ne se présente pas comme un film de dénonciation ou comme un documentaire historique sur les detenidos-desparecidos. Dans ce film, Albertina Carri propose plutôt sa vision personnelle sur la disparition de ses parents. L...

  2. Clima do Estado de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Martinelli

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Os fenômenos da atmosfera em contato com a superfície da Terra, portanto, de alto interesse para a sociedade humana, são estudados pela climatologia. Têm com fonte essencial a meteorologia.Ao abordar tais fenômenos trava-se contato com duas noções essenciais: a de tempo e de clima. São estados da atmosfera. Enquanto o tempo é uma combinação passageira, o clima resulta de condições que perduram por um período mais longo. Interessa, particularmente, o clima, por considerar estados mais duráveis...

  3. Escudos epidérmicos supernumerários e variação na carapaça na tartaruga-tigre-d’água, Trachemys dorbigni (Testudines, Emydidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Bujes, Clovis de Souza; Verrastro Viñas, Laura

    2007-01-01

    The epidermal plates of the carapace and plastron of 51 adults (38 females and 13 males), 07 immature individuals, and 46 hatchlings of the freshwater turtle Trachemys dorbigni (Durémil & Bibron, 1835), originated from the delta of Rio Jacuí region, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, were examined. The results showed that 7.7% of males, 10.52% of females, 14.28% of immature individuals, and 6.52% of the hatchlings presented a kind of anomaly on the shell, as well as a presence of supernumerary ...

  4. Software Development with DevOps

    OpenAIRE

    Kristinsson, Rögnvaldur

    2015-01-01

    The goal of the study was to introduce DevOps in software development, its methods and approaches to software development. I was introduced to the subject by one of my teach-ers, which let me into further studies and researched on the subject and finally choosing it for the study. The subject was completely new to me when I started the study which I found inspirational as I was learning a new and an interesting subject on a daily basis dur-ing the process of writing the study. The materia...

  5. La medicina en el virreinato de la Nueva Granada de 1801 a 1810

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Soriano Lleras

    1965-11-01

    Full Text Available El 17 de febrero de 1801 apareció por primera vez un periódico publicado en la Imprenta Patriótica y llamado el Correo Curioso, erudito, económico y mercantil de la ciudad de Santafé de Bogotá, cuyos redactores eran el naturalista Jorge Tadeo Lozano y el presbítero José Luis Azuola y Lozano. El periódico duró hasta el 29 de diciembre del mismo año y en él se publicó un trabajo sobre curación de las viruelas.

  6. Procés d’implantació de les HoloLens als boxes de reparació de SEAT, S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Almazán, Raquel

    2017-01-01

    Aquest treball de final de grau consisteix en la implantació d’una aplicació pertanyent a la Realitat Augmentada a la operativa de les auditories de manguetes del departament de Gestió de Qualitat de Motors i Triebsatz de l’empresa SEAT, S.A. L’aplicació que es vol aconseguir consisteix en un suport per l’auditor per realitzar correctament l’auditoria i per agilitzar el seu procés optimitzant els seus passos. El hardware que s’ha utilitzat per a poder dur a terme la aplicació en qüestió...

  7. MEMPERTEMUKAN HIPER-REALITAS DAN REFRACTIONS OF DURÉÉ : Pembacaan Multi-NaratifVisual dalam Film Simone dan Film Inception

    OpenAIRE

    Dien Vidia Rosa

    2017-01-01

    Film realities emerged in multifacet.Two interesting concepts that were tried to be presented in the article were hypereality and refraction of duréé. Both were consequences of digitalization that refered to the rose of virtual space and beyond subject's consciousness.Both also effected audiens consciousness positioning to reality which was appeared. The encounter of those concepts was discussed in images power discourse. By using Barthes's semiology method to crack and decode visual narat...

  8. Lexical shifts, substantive changes, and continuity in State of the Union discourse, 1790-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rule, Alix; Cointet, Jean-Philippe; Bearman, Peter S

    2015-09-01

    This study reveals that the entry into World War I in 1917 indexed the decisive transition to the modern period in American political consciousness, ushering in new objects of political discourse, a more rapid pace of change of those objects, and a fundamental reframing of the main tasks of governance. We develop a strategy for identifying meaningful categories in textual corpora that span long historic durées, where terms, concepts, and language use changes. Our approach is able to account for the fluidity of discursive categories over time, and to analyze their continuity by identifying the discursive stream as the object of interest.

  9. Lexical shifts, substantive changes, and continuity in State of the Union discourse, 1790–2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rule, Alix; Cointet, Jean-Philippe; Bearman, Peter S.

    2015-01-01

    This study reveals that the entry into World War I in 1917 indexed the decisive transition to the modern period in American political consciousness, ushering in new objects of political discourse, a more rapid pace of change of those objects, and a fundamental reframing of the main tasks of governance. We develop a strategy for identifying meaningful categories in textual corpora that span long historic durées, where terms, concepts, and language use changes. Our approach is able to account for the fluidity of discursive categories over time, and to analyze their continuity by identifying the discursive stream as the object of interest. PMID:26261302

  10. Spatial and temporal distribution of fungi and wood-borers in the coastal tropical waters of Goa, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Vishwakiran, Y.; Thakur, N.L.; Raghukumar, S.; Yennawar, P.L.; Anil, A.C.

    . (Meyers) Yusoff, Read, E. B. G. Jones et S. T. Moss 2 416 4 Arenariomyces trifurcatus Höhnk 22 4 5 Bathyascus tropicalis Kohlm. 2 44 6 Bathyascus vermisporus Kohlm. 8 4 2 7 Corollospora pulchella Kohlm., I. Schmidt et Nair. 8 2 8 8 Dactylospora haliotrepha... faster growth and multiplication rate dur- ing the early stage of wood decomposition (Cooke Distribution of fungi and wood-borers in the coastal tropical waters of Goa, India 53 54 Y. Vishwakiran et al. and Rayner 1984). Such fungi face a competition from...

  11. Optimisation de la fermentation en milieu semi-solide pour la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif : Evaluer trois équipements pour la fermentation de la pâte destinée à préparer l'ablo (pâte cuite à la vapeur) puis, l'influence de la température, de la durée de fermentation et du taux de levure ajoutée à la pâte. Méthodologie et résultats : La pâte semi-solide a été fermentée durant quatre heures à température ...

  12. Coleoptera,Tenebrionidae

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 juin 2015 ... cycle de développement a été suivi de la ponte jusqu'à l'apparition des adultes pour déterminer les différentes paramètres biodémographiques. .... ainsi que la durée du cycle de développement de l'insecte et entraîne une plus grande ...... 311-333 in Krebs J.R. et Davies N.B.. (éds.), Behavioural ecology.

  13. Aerosol climatology over South Africa based on 10 years of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) data

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Tesfaye, M

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available ; Eck et al., 2003; Freiman and Piketh, 2003; Ichoku et al., 2003; Ross et al., 2003; Liu, 2005; Winkler et al., 2008; Queface et al., 2011]. Those studies focused on a limited time scale, dur- ing biomass�burning seasons, and on the northern parts... to provide further information on particle size distribution of aerosols in the solar spectrum. Several authors have discussed how the spectral variation of a can provide information about the aerosol size distribution [e.g., Nakajima et al., 1986...

  14. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    14 avr. 2016 ... C'est une étude transversale observationnelle, réalisée dans le service de Réanimation Centrale de l'Hôpital Avicenne de Rabat sur une durée de 6 mois. Ont été inclus les patients ayant présenté un événement indésirable (EI) au cours de leur hospitalisation en Réanimation, ou ayant présenté un EI à ...

  15. Stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of meningiomas; Radiocirurgia estereotaxica no tratamento de meningiomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penna, Antonio Belmiro Rodrigues Campbell [Hospital dos Servidores do Estado, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Servico de Radioterapia; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia; Vieira, Sergio Lannes [Hospital Sao Vicente de Paula, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Servico de Radioterapia; Rossini Junior, Olamir [Clinica Radioterapia Botafogo Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2000-04-01

    We report the results of the treatment of four patients with inoperable meningiomas who underwent stereotactic radiosurgery using a linear accelerator of 6 MeV. Radiological examinations carried out from 12 to 22 months later revealed tumor growth arrest in all patients, giving a response rate of 100%. No early or late neurological complications dur to the radiosurgical treatment was observed. During the follow-up period no death caused by radiation was reported. Although the number of cases and the follow-up period were insufficient to show statistical significance, the results were satisfactory and thus require further investigations. (author)

  16. Romanticism of Khudekov Park. To semantics of Sochi "Arboretum"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soltani Galina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Park, as the autobiography of his Creator, reflects the events of the life of S. N. Khudekov, moral and aesthetic values, impressions, affections, transmitted through literary and mythological images. The semantics of small architectural forms multivalued and includes themes of Love, Faith, Hope, Patience, Justice, Families, Ballet, Literature, Military glory, in the Morning, creating a unified ensemble. The symbolism inherent in the Romantic style, is transmitted sculptures made by the famous French firm of Antonie Durеnne. The Khudekov’s Park is great not only the organic combination of different styles of landscape, but also its ideological content, expertly crafted fine connoisseur of art Sergey Nikolaevich Khudekov.

  17. Control of the biological process through continuous measurement of the sludge age. Experiences in the WWTP Molina de Segura (Murcia, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marques, F.; Pradas, P.; Lardin, C.; Simon, P.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the results obtained when a sludge age based control is incorporated in the biological process of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Greater stability of the biological process is achieved when this control is implemented in WWTP of Molina de Segura. In particular biodiversity has increased and it has been possible to reduce and stabilize the secondary sludge production. An improvement of the sludge decantation and a reduction of the specific volumetric load of secondary clarifiers have also been observed. finally, costs have been reduced dur to the decrease of cationic polyelectrolyte consumption. (Author) 16 refs.

  18. Las TICs Aplicadas en la Educación y su correlación en el Rendimiento Académico

    OpenAIRE

    Rosero Lozano, Jenny Maritza

    2016-01-01

    El presente estudio, buscó determinar la correlación entre la aplicación de las TIC en la educación y el rendimiento académico de la asignatura de programación en lenguajes estructurados, la misma duró 10 meses y se desarrolló con 5 docentes, 73 representantes legales y 103 estudiantes que conforman toda la población correspondiente al primer curso de bachillerato técnico de servicios, especialización aplicaciones informáticas. Se fundamenta en el constructivismo de Jean Piaget, en las técnic...

  19. Comparison of different Internet of Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Toran Mercadé, Daniel

    2018-01-01

    Aquest projecte s’emmarca en el concepte de la IoT (la Internet de les coses) i té com a objectiu dur a terme el desplegament d’una arquitectura IoT utilitzant un dispositiu amb connectivitat Sigfox i diferents plataformes IoT com AWS IBM Watson IoT, Microsoft Azure i thethings.iO. El dispositiu Sigfox està transmetent mesures de temperatura i aquestes s’envien a les plataformes IoT, que han estat configurades per rebre i emmagatzemar les dades. Un cop les da...

  20. Operations Research / Operations Analysis Orientation Course Curriculum for NATO Nations (Programme d’initiation a la recherche / l’analyse operationnelle pour les pays de l’OTAN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    résumé du module d’instruction inclut le titre de l’étude de cas, le nom et l’organisme du rédacteur, la durée de la présentation, ES - 2 STO-TR-SAS-098...certains Panels, vous pouvez demander d’être inclus soit à titre personnel, soit au nom de votre organisation, sur la liste d’envoi. Les publications de...suivie du numéro de série (par exemple AGARD-AG-315). Des informations analogues, telles que le titre et la date de publication sont souhaitables. Des

  1. Anàlisi forense d'evidències digitals

    OpenAIRE

    Bonachera López, Esteban

    2014-01-01

    L'objectiu principal d'aquest projecte consisteix en la realització de l'anàlisi forense del disc dur i de la memòria RAM d'un ordinador personal, en concret un Netbook, vinculat a una possible conducta delictiva. També s'inclou en l'anàlisi una base de dades del conegut programari WhatsApp extreta d'un smartphone. Per realitzar aquesta tasca s'utilitzaran eines específiques per localitzar les evidències digitals que puguin demostrar els presumptes delictes. El objetivo principal de este p...

  2. Survivências: Exílios do Tempo no Tempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Antelo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available "Survival" refers to the continuity (or afterlife and metamorphosis of ideas and images in opposition to their replacement by innovations in image and language. The idea introduces the problem of memory into the longue durée of history. It is an archaeological way of representing the anthropological field of ideas and images. It is not a property of works, but rather a potentiality that can be realized or achieved in a relation. According to Macedonio Fernández, it is not a translation of references but a translatability of relations.

  3. Antoni Pous, poeta i traductor

    OpenAIRE

    Farrés Puntí, Ramon

    2002-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada Antoni Pous, poeta i traductor és un estudi monogràfic de la figura d'Antoni Pous i Argila (Manlleu, 1932 - Barcelona, 1976), activista cultural i home de lletres que va destacar de molt jove, en la immediata postguerra, com a poeta de gran talent; que als anys seixanta va dur a terme una tasca cultural i pedagògica de gran transcendència a Igualada, amb la fundació del grup Lacetània i la creació de la revista Textos; q...

  4. Création d'un contexte concurrentiel et propice aux entreprises en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Certains facteurs - la durée indéterminée de l'occupation des territoires palestiniens par Israël et l'extrême dépendance des territoires à l'égard de l'aide étrangère et des recettes douanières contrôlées par Israël - ont mené à la conclusion que la société palestinienne doit se détacher de l'économie israélienne, favoriser le ...

  5. La Participació dels catòlics en el moviment obrer de Barcelona (1946-1978)

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Segura, Josep

    2007-01-01

    El treball d'investigació La participació dels catòlics en el moviment obrer de Barcelona (1946-1978) en què es basa aquest article tenia com a finalitat fonamental fer palesa la importància del moviment obrer durant la dictadura franquista i els primers anys de la transició i valorar la contribució de la presència de militants catòlics en les organitzacions de classe que es van formar durant el període abans esmentat. Es tractava, doncs, d'analitzar com es va dur a terme aques...

  6. Perfil y formación de los profesionales que realizan la práctica psicomotriz en la etapa de educación infantil. El caso de las comarcas de Tarragona

    OpenAIRE

    Viscarro Tomàs, Isabel; Antón Rosera, Montserrat; Cañabate Ortíz, Dolors

    2012-01-01

    El propósito de esta investigación ha sido conocer las características personales y profesionales de los docentes que realizan las sesiones de psicomotricidad, así como analizar la formación que, en materia de psicomotricidad, tiene el profesorado que la imparte. Para ello se ha utilizado la metodología cualitativa-cuantitativa, y el cuestionario ha sido el instrumento usado para la recogida de datos. La muestra está compuesta por 225 centros escolares en el transcurso de los diez años de dur...

  7. High performance computing on biological sequence alignment

    OpenAIRE

    Orobitg Cortada, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    L'Alineament Múltiple de Seqüències (MSA) és una eina molt potent per a aplicacions biològiques importants. Els MSA són computacionalment complexos de calcular, i la majoria de les formulacions porten a problemes d'optimització NP-Hard. Per a dur a terme alineaments de milers de seqüències, nous desafiaments necessiten ser resolts per adaptar els algoritmes a l'era de la computació d'altes prestacions. En aquesta tesi es proposen tres aportacions diferents per resoldre algunes limitacion...

  8. Dual-phase 99mTc-MIBI imaging and the expressions of P-gp, GST-π, and MRP1 in hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Jianjun; Liu, Yan; Yang, Danrong; Yu, Yan; Geng, Qianqian; Ji, Ting; Yang, Lulu; Wang, Qi; Wang, Yuanbo; Lu, Xueni; Yang, Aimin

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study was to further elucidate the mechanisms of dual-phase technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-MIBI) parathyroid imaging by exploring the association between early uptake results (EUR), delayed uptake results (DUR), and the retention index (RI) in dual-phase Tc-MIBI parathyroid imaging and P glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), and glutathione S-transferase-π (GST-π) expression in hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Preoperative dual-phase (early and delayed) Tc-MIBI imaging was performed on 74 patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for HPT. EUR, DUR, and RI were calculated. P-gp, MRP1, and GST-π expressions were assessed using immunohistochemistry in resected tissue from HPT and control patients. The association between P-gp, MRP1, and GST-π expressions and EUR, DUR, and RI in HPT was evaluated. The positive rate of dual-phase T c-MIBI imaging was 91.89% (68/74) and the false-negative rate was 8.11% (6/74). P-gp and GST-π expressions were higher in tissues resected from control compared with HPT patients (47.37 and 81.5%, P<0.05); there was no difference in MRP1. EUR were associated with P-gp and GST-π expressions, and DUR were associated with MRP1 expression. There was a significant difference in MRP1 expression between RI greater than or equal to 0 and RI less than 0. There was no relationship between the sensitivity of dual-phase Tc-MIBI imaging and P-gp, MRP1, and GST-π expressions in resected parathyroid tissue. The six false-negative HPT cases consisted of three P-gp (-)/MRP1 (-) tissues, three P-gp (-)/GST-π (-) tissues, and four MRP1 (-)/GST-π (-) tissues. As P-gp and GST-π expressions were higher in tissues resected from control compared with HPT patients, Tc-MIBI may wash out faster from normal parathyroid tissue surrounding the lesion compared with the lesion itself, facilitating detection.

  9. HUELLAS DE LA MODERNIDAD-COLONIALIDAD EN EL ANÁLISIS DE LAS CAUSAS HISTÓRICAS Y LOS MÉTODOS UTILIZADOS DURANTE EL CONFLICTO ARMADO EN GUATEMALA (1960-1996)

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera Castro, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Este es un ensayo orientado a buscar las huellas de la modernidad-colonialidad en el análisis de las causas históricas y de los métodos utilizados durante el conflicto armado en Guatemala. Se sigue un modelo genealógico, tratando de rastrear como la modernidad fue traducida en colonialidad en Guatemala, desembocando en un conflicto armado que duró de 1960-1996. Por colonialidad se va a comprender la estructura lógica del dominio colonial que subyace en el control español, holandés, británico ...

  10. 1770-IJBCS-Article-Sawadogo Mohamedou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Cependant, les valeurs élevées des indices de viscosité (105 U.F. et 115 U.F.) associés à l'insuffisance de la capacité de mélange des farines (54%) ont rabaissés leurs qualités boulangères qui caractérisent cette espèce de blé. Dans l'ensemble, ces deux variétés de blés durs peuvent avec succès servir de blés.

  11. Fragua Social. Prensa, cultura y movilización en la CNT valenciana (1936-1939)

    OpenAIRE

    Alcolea Escribano, Josefa

    2015-01-01

    Este estudio aborda la historia del diario valenciano Fragua Social, órgano de expresión del Comité Regional de Levante y del Comité Nacional de la CNT durante la guerra civil española de 1936 a 1939. Pretende completar y renovar los conocimientos sobre la CNT valenciana desde un enfoque cultural, y determinar su relación con la organización nacional y con las otras fuerzas sindicales y políticas durante los tres años que duró la guerra. Analiza el contenido formal del diario, la evolución de...

  12. Le jeu incertain des générations An uncertain play of generations. How rap artists settle as a professional group within the French music industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Hammou

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le rap en français peut être aujourd’hui considéré comme un univers professionnel établi, tout en étant une innovation relativement récente. Cet article montre que sa pérennisation est le fruit des rapports complexes entre trois générations d’artistes, et entre ces générations et les acteurs des industries musicales. Il s’appuie en particulier sur l’examen des conventions discographiques (refrains, collaborations, producteurs… privilégiées par les rappeurs qui se succèdent en France de 1990 à 2004. Une première génération émerge en 1990-1993 d’un pari ponctuel des grandes maisons de disques sur le rap. Une nouvelle génération de rappeurs, celle de 1994-1997, ne bénéfice pas d’un même contexte. Les clivages internes qui la traversent, liés à la médiation des radios, éclipsent ses tentatives de distinction à l’égard de la première génération. Dans le jeu de rivalités et de collaborations entre ces fractions de la scène rap naît un système d’accréditation informelle entre rappeurs qui marginalise une frange de la deuxième génération. La pratique professionnelle du rap connaît alors une autonomie relative, descriptible comme une concession au sein de l’industrie du disque. Enfin, les artistes qui accèdent à la notoriété à partir de 1998 se distinguent par leur rapport d’aspirant à l’égard d’un monde social désormais perçu comme prévisible. L’étude d’un tel processus d’intégration d’une nouvelle technique d’interprétation vocale dans les industries musicales françaises révèle la pertinence de l’outil conceptuel des générations sociologiques pour saisir le renouvellement des univers artistiques et des dynamiques professionnelles.French rap music is now an established industry, although it is still a recent innovation. This paper shows that its establishment is the result of the complex relationship between three generations of artists, oligopolistic

  13. The large-scale ENSO event, the El Niño and other important regional features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available L'EVENEMENT ENSO A GRANDE ECHELLE, EL NIÑO ET AUTRES CARACTERISTIQUES REGIONALES IMPORTANTES. En ce qui concerne cette activité, on a ramassé - et on continue de le faire - une information coordonnée et améliorée. Cependant, les informations année après année sur les changements climatiques en lien avec l’Oscillation du Sud (SO sont limitées de façon primaire à la période comprise entre l’année 622 et nos jours. La fluctuation océano-atmosphérique récurrente et à grande échelle, El Niño/ Oscillation du Sud (ENSO, qui se présente sous les basses latitudes depuis l’Afrique orientale vers l’est jusqu’aux Amériques, se manifeste en gros comme une «balançoire» dans les conditions océano-atmosphériques entre la zone de l’Océan Indien tropical et celles de l’Océan Pacifique tropical. L’ENSO est en lien avec une phase de bas indice de la SO et est associé, du côté occidental de la «balançoire», à une sécheresse en Australie occidentale et septentrionale, une sècheresse par l’est de la mousson en Indonésie, une pluie déficiente de la mousson-est d’été en Inde et une pluie déficiente de la mousson d’été dans la montagne éthiopienne (qui débouche sur une faible contribution au système du Nil. Par opposition, du côté oriental de la «balançoire», celle-ci est en lien avec El Niño, avec des températures superficielles de la mer (TSM anormalement hautes, des pluies au-dessus de la normale dans le Pacifique équatorial central et oriental et des pluies anormalement fortes dans le Chili sub-tropical. Le haut indice (phase anti-Niño de la SO est en lien, du côté occidental de la «balançoire», avec des pluies anormalement fortes en Australe orientale et septentrionale, des pluies de mousson de l’est anormalement fortes en Indonésie, des pluies de mousson d’été au-dessus de la normale en Inde, et une quantité d’eau anormalement grande qui se déverse dans le Nil, suite aux pluies de

  14. Measurement of the resonance escape probability; Mesure de l'absorption resonnante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anthony, J P; Bacher, P; Lheureux, L; Moreau, J; Schmitt, A P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-07-01

    The average cadmium ratio in natural uranium rods has been measured, using equal diameter natural uranium disks. These values correlated with independent measurements of the lattice buckling, enabled us to calculate values of the resonance escape probability for the G1 reactor with one or the other of two definitions. Measurements were performed on 26 mm and 32 mm rods, giving the following values for the resonance escape probability p: 0.8976 {+-} 0.005 and 0.912 {+-} 0.006 (d. 26 mm), 0.8627 {+-} 0.009 and 0.884 {+-} 0.01 (d. 32 mm). The influence of either definition on the lattice parameters is discussed, leading to values of the effective integral. Similar experiments have been performed with thorium rods. (author) [French] Nous avons mesure le rapport cadmium moyen dans des barres d'uranium a l'aide de disques d'uranium naturel de meme diametre que ces dernieres. Ces mesures nous ont permis, conjointement avec des mesures de Laplacien du reseau, de determiner deux facteurs antitrappes du reacteur G1 correspondant a deux definitions exposees. Les mesures ont ete faites sur deux diametres de barres 26 et 32 mm. Resultats: 0.8976 {+-} 0.005 and 0.912 {+-} 0.006 (d. 26 mm), 0.8627 {+-} 0.009 and 0.884 {+-} 0.01 (d. 32 mm). L'influence de ces deux definitions sur les divers parametres du reseau, est discutee. La determination de 'p' pour un diametre de barres d'uranium de 26 mm, et les mesures de variation de Laplacien, nous ont permis de calculer une valeur de l'integrale effective correspondant a chaque definition. Les mesures analogues faites sur des barres de thorium sont egalement indiquees. (auteur)

  15. Power of the uranium plate of Naiade; Puissance de la plaque d'uranium de Naiade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lafore, P; Millot, J P; Rastoin, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    1. Calculation. Knowing the incident current of thermal neutrons, the sources of fast neutrons inside the plate are deduced. The fast flux leaving the plate is then determined. Isotropically, 0.57 fast neutrons come out for each incident thermal neutron. 2. Experiments. The incident thermal flux is measured by means of manganese detectors on reaching the plate, and estimated from the flux leaving the graphite. The fast flux coming out is measured with dose-rate films. The absorption of the fast flux in the swimming-pool water is measured. 3. Results. The uranium plate is equivalent to a disc placed at its surface emitting isotropically 3.8 x 10{sup 7} fast neutrons per cm{sup 2}/s, when Zoe operates at 100 kW. This result is valid to about 10 per cent. (author) [French] 1.Calcul. Connaissant le courant de neutrons thermiques incident, on deduit les sources de rapides a l'interieur de la plaque. Puis on determine le flux de rapides sortants de la plaque. Il sort, de facon isotrope, 0,57 neutrons rapides par neutron thermique incident. 2. Experiences. Le flux thermique incident est mesure par des detecteurs au manganese a l'arrivee sur la plaque et estime a partir du flux a la sortie du graphite. Le flux rapide sortant est mesure avec des films de dose. On mesure l'absorption du flux rapide dans l'eau de la piscine. 3. Resultats. La plaque d'uranium est equivalente a un disque place a sa surface emettant isotropiquement, 3,8 x 10{sup 7} neutrons rapides par cm{sup 2}/s, lorsque ZOE marche a 100 kW. Ce resultat est valable a 10 pour cent pres. (auteur)

  16. Notificação da Violência: Percepções de Operadores do Direito e Conselheiros Tutelares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suane Pastoriza Faraj

    Full Text Available Resumo Este estudo objetivou conhecer os procedimentos e percepções de profissionais que atuam nos órgãos do Sistema de Garantia de Direitos (SGD quanto à notificação da violência envolvendo crianças e adolescentes. Integraram o estudo três conselheiros tutelares, um delegado de polícia e um promotor de justiça. Foram realizadas entrevistas individuais, os resultados foram analisados através da análise de conteúdo e indicaram que a notificação da violência envolve diversos procedimentos, dentre eles, a aplicação de medidas protetivas e a investigação policial. Os resultados também apontaram um aumento de casos sendo notificados pela ferramenta do disque 100 advindos da comunidade e atendidos pelos órgãos de defesa dos direitos. Por outro lado, ainda é pequeno o índice de notificações feitas pelos profissionais de saúde e educação. Torna-se importante promover maior conscientização tanto da sociedade em geral como de profissionais acerca da notificação da violência para que os órgãos competentes possam investigar as notificações e tomar as providências necessárias para que os direitos das crianças e dos adolescentes sejam garantidos.

  17. LA RESISTANCE AUX ANTIBIOTIQUES DES SALMONELLA DANS LES EAUX DE RIVIERES DE SETIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H CHERIF

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La détection des Salmonella à partir des eaux des Oueds Bousselam et Bouaroua de Sétif et l'évaluation de leur antibiorésistance sont tentées. La méthode de numération suivie est celle du NPP utilisant l'eau peptonée tamponnée à 36°C/16 à 24 h pour le pré-enrichissement et le milieu Rappaport à 43°C/48 h pour l'enrichissement sélectif. L'isolement est effectué sur les milieux Brillant Green Agar (BGA et Hektoen additionné de novobiocine. Les eaux des deux oueds sont très chargées en Salmonella dans leur partie urbaine. Ce nombre chute significativement dans la partie en aval de l'Oued Bousselam pour s'annuler à l'entrée du Barrage de Aïn Zada. Parmi les 20 sérotypes détectés, S. Hadar, Paratyphi B, Infantis et Liverpool sont largement prédominants. Cinq semblent spécifiques à la région de Sétif: S. Adabraka, Aequatoria, Kedougou, Liverpool et Obogu. L'antibiogramme de 95 souches de Salmonella vis-à-vis de 16 antibiotiques réalisé par la méthode de diffusion sur disques a révélé que 90 % des souches sont résistants à un ou plusieurs antibiotiques. La résistance à un seul antibiotique (tétracycline, sulfamides est la plus élevée (56,84%. Elle concerne S. Hadar, Paratyphi B, Liverpool, Infantis et Ohio. La multirésistance à 2 ou plusieurs antibiotiques atteint 33,68%. Les souches, dans leur totalité, sont sensibles à la fosfomycine.

  18. Caracterización física, morfológica y evaluación de las curvas de empastamiento de musáceas (Musa spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Darío Hoyos-Leyva

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Se caracterizaron veinte variedades de musáceas de diferente composición genética: AB, BB, AAA, AAB, ABB, AAAA y AAAB, del Banco de Germoplasma existente en la hacienda Las Vegas, de Fedeplátano, Chinchiná (1360 m.s.n.m., 4° 58' N y 75° 20' O, Colombia. La caracterización incluyó propiedades físicas como peso, diámetro, longitud, materia seca y porcentaje de cáscara del fruto y propiedades funcionales como harinas y almidones. El análisis de componentes principales (ACP mostró que las variedades de plátano se diferencian por su mayor tamaño (peso, longitud y diámetro. M. B. Tani, ICAFHIA 110, Saba, y los plátanos del subgrupo Bluggoe tuvieron altos porcentajes de cáscara. Entre los demás clones no se observaron diferencian entre sí. Los plátanos de cocción del subgrupo Plantain presentaron el mayor contenido de materia seca. Bocadillo Chileno e híbridos postre (exceptuando FHIA-1, presentaron mayor contenido de fracción comestible frente a las demás variedades. La temperatura de inicio de gelatinización de las harinas en el RVA varió entre 66.58 °C para la variedad Bocadillo Chileno y 75.21 °C para Mbindi. La viscosidad máxima varió entre 441.57 y 1837.17 cP para las variedades Tafetán Rojo y Dwarf Cavendish, respectivamente. La facilidad de cocción varió entre 2.76 min en Bocadillo Chileno y 7.55 min en Gros Michel Guayabo. La temperatura de inicio de gelatinización de los almidones varió entre 65.58°C para Gros Michel Guayabo y 74.41°C en Tafetán Rojo. La variedad Yangambi Km3 presentó la viscosidad máxima a 483.24 cP e Indio a 1958.44cP. La variedad Mbindi presentó la mayor facilidad de cocción (1.91 min mientras que FHIA-1 presentó el mayor tiempo (9.49 min.

  19. Speed on the dance floor: Auditory and visual cues for musical tempo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Justin; Burger, Birgitta; Thompson, Marc; Toiviainen, Petri

    2016-02-01

    Musical tempo is most strongly associated with the rate of the beat or "tactus," which may be defined as the most prominent rhythmic periodicity present in the music, typically in a range of 1.67-2 Hz. However, other factors such as rhythmic density, mean rhythmic inter-onset interval, metrical (accentual) structure, and rhythmic complexity can affect perceived tempo (Drake, Gros, & Penel, 1999; London, 2011 Drake, Gros, & Penel, 1999; London, 2011). Visual information can also give rise to a perceived beat/tempo (Iversen, et al., 2015), and auditory and visual temporal cues can interact and mutually influence each other (Soto-Faraco & Kingstone, 2004; Spence, 2015). A five-part experiment was performed to assess the integration of auditory and visual information in judgments of musical tempo. Participants rated the speed of six classic R&B songs on a seven point scale while observing an animated figure dancing to them. Participants were presented with original and time-stretched (±5%) versions of each song in audio-only, audio+video (A+V), and video-only conditions. In some videos the animations were of spontaneous movements to the different time-stretched versions of each song, and in other videos the animations were of "vigorous" versus "relaxed" interpretations of the same auditory stimulus. Two main results were observed. First, in all conditions with audio, even though participants were able to correctly rank the original vs. time-stretched versions of each song, a song-specific tempo-anchoring effect was observed, such that sped-up versions of slower songs were judged to be faster than slowed-down versions of faster songs, even when their objective beat rates were the same. Second, when viewing a vigorous dancing figure in the A+V condition, participants gave faster tempo ratings than from the audio alone or when viewing the same audio with a relaxed dancing figure. The implications of this illusory tempo percept for cross-modal sensory integration and

  20. Reading The History Manifesto as a Historian of Mathematics in Ancient China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemla, Karine

    2016-06-01

    The History Manifesto invites historians to consider the social and political responsibilities attached to their profession. This general concern is equally meaningful for the field of history and for the history and philosophy of science and technology. The specific concerns that motivate Jo Guldi and David Armitage lead them to advocate the "longue durée" and to insist primarily on social inequality, climate change, and governance. The concern on which this response to The History Manifesto centers is historians' social.responsibility in the waging of wars and their ethical responsibility at least not to contribute to mounting tensions. For the historian Lucien Febvre, in the immediate aftermath of World War II, a history of science and culture practiced in a certain way had a specific part to play in this regard. Febvre's practice of long-term history differed from Fernand Braudel's approach to the longue durée, in the tradition of which Guldi and Armitage situate their manifesto. This essay suggests that a historical approach to long-term history, sensitive to the concern Febvre voiced, might be helpful. It argues that long-term histories of science and technology practiced in a certain way have contributed to shaping collectives that perceive themselves as communities. Critical analysis of our practices as historians could certainly help develop awareness in our field in this respect.

  1. Interference Suppression Performance of Automotive UWB Radars Using Pseudo Random Sequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Pasya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ultra wideband (UWB automotive radars have attracted attention from the viewpoint of reducing traffic accidents. The performance of automotive radars may be degraded by interference from nearby radars using the same frequency. In this study, a scenario where two cars pass each other on a road was considered. Considering the utilization of cross-polarization, the desired-to-undesired signal power ratio (DUR was found to vary approximately from -10 to 30 dB. Different pseudo random sequences were employed for spectrum spreading the different radar signals to mitigate the interference effects. This paper evaluates the interference suppression provided by maximum length sequence (MLS and Gold sequence (GS through numerical simulations of the radar’s performance in terms of probability of false alarm and probability of detection. It was found that MLS and GS yielded nearly the same performance when the DUR is -10 dB (worst case; for example when fixing the probability of false alarm to 0.0001, the probabilities of detection were 0.964 and 0.946 respectively. The GS are more advantageous than MLS due to larger number of different sequences having the same length in GS than in MLS.

  2. Influence de la nuance d'acier des roues ferroviaires en Fatigue de Contact de Roulement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langueh Amavi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une méthodologie de prédiction de la durée de vie des roues ferroviaires permettant de prendre en compte les sollicitations locales via la géométrie réelle du contact roue/rail, le comportement inélastique du matériau (acier et d'intégrer un critère de fatigue. Le contexte industriel, d'étudier l'influence de la nuance d'acier sur la durabilité de la roue. Les principales étapes de l'approche sont l'identification du comportement des matériaux, la détermination des champs de contrainte-déformation stabilisés et l'application d'un critère de fatigue. L'algorithme stationnaire est utilisé pour déterminer les contraintes et déformations suivant les conditions d'exploitation. Trois aciers ont été étudiés en analysant leurs réponses mécaniques, leurs limites d'adaptation et leurs durées de vie moyenne.

  3. What's Manifest in the History of SciTech: Reflections on The History Manifesto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kevles, Daniel J

    2016-06-01

    Making nuts-and-bolts public policy is not--and never has been--the long suit of professional historians, but general historical work, whatever its durée, has done a good deal to shape discourse on public issues. Jo Guldi and David Armitage neglect that fact, as well as the opinion-shaping influence of history conveyed via nonprint media. They also ignore the large body of scholarship produced in all media during recent decades in the history of science, technology, and science-related medicine (SciTech), even though SciTech itself looms enormously large in the modern era as an instrument of national and international security, a driver of the economy, and a transformer of medicine, public health, and the environment. Much of this scholarship, even though of short durée, can illuminate salient contemporary issues, including innovation; patronage and practice; government and policy; imperialism and globalization; intellectual property; science and religion; and human rights, environment, energy, and disasters.

  4. Alterations in the Aedes aegypti transcriptome during infection with West Nile, dengue and yellow fever viruses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonya M Colpitts

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available West Nile (WNV, dengue (DENV and yellow fever (YFV viruses are (reemerging, mosquito-borne flaviviruses that cause human disease and mortality worldwide. Alterations in mosquito gene expression common and unique to individual flaviviral infections are poorly understood. Here, we present a microarray analysis of the Aedes aegypti transcriptome over time during infection with DENV, WNV or YFV. We identified 203 mosquito genes that were ≥ 5-fold differentially up-regulated (DUR and 202 genes that were ≥ 10-fold differentially down-regulated (DDR during infection with one of the three flaviviruses. Comparative analysis revealed that the expression profile of 20 DUR genes and 15 DDR genes was quite similar between the three flaviviruses on D1 of infection, indicating a potentially conserved transcriptomic signature of flaviviral infection. Bioinformatics analysis revealed changes in expression of genes from diverse cellular processes, including ion binding, transport, metabolic processes and peptidase activity. We also demonstrate that virally-regulated gene expression is tissue-specific. The overexpression of several virally down-regulated genes decreased WNV infection in mosquito cells and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Among these, a pupal cuticle protein was shown to bind WNV envelope protein, leading to inhibition of infection in vitro and the prevention of lethal WNV encephalitis in mice. This work provides an extensive list of targets for controlling flaviviral infection in mosquitoes that may also be used to develop broad preventative and therapeutic measures for multiple flaviviruses.

  5. Diálogos acerca da concepção de tempo homogêneo e heterogêneo em Einstein e Bergson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Emanuele da Luz

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O problema sobre o tempo é um tema complexo e bastante estudado tanto no âmbito científico como na tradição filosófica. Henri Bergson, utilizando-se do tempo proposto por Albert Einstein, traça diferenças entre o tempo heterogêneo, ou cronológico, e o tempo homogêneo, ou durée, sendo este segundo, o menos estudado pelo físico. Foi a partir da duração que o filósofo propõe-se a mostrar como se dá a concepção do tempo durée e como esta forma responde a um questionamento einsteiniano. O presente artigo pretende estabelecer um diálogo entre a concepção de tempo de ambos autores, ressaltando a novidade da duração bergsoniana.

  6. Influence of obstructive jaundice on pharmacodynamics of rocuronium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen-Meng; Zhang, Peng; Lin, Mi-Jia; Tan, Bo; Qiu, Hai-Bo; Yu, Wei-Feng

    2013-01-01

    Anesthetics are variable in patients with obstructive jaundice. The minimum alveolar concentration awake of desflurane is reduced in patients with obstructive jaundice, while it has no effect on pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of propofol. In this study, we investigated the influence of obstructive jaundice on the pharmacodynamics and blood concentration of rocuronium. Included in this study were 26 control patients and 27 patients with obstructive jaundice. Neuromuscular block of rocuronium was monitored by acceleromyography. Onset time, spontaneous recovery of the height of twitch first (T1) to 25% of the final T1 value (Duration 25%, Dur 25%), recovery index (RI), and spontaneous recovery of train-of-four (TOF) ratios to 70% were measured. The plasma rocuronium concentrations were determined by high performance liquid chromatography using berberine as an internal standard. There was no significant difference in onset time between the two groups. The Dur 25%, the recovery index and the time of recovery of the TOF ratios to 70% were all prolonged in the obstructive jaundice group compared with the control group. The plasma concentration of rocuronium at 60, 90 and 120 min after bolus administration was significantly higher in the obstructive jaundice group. The neuromuscular blockade by rocuronium is prolonged in obstructive jaundice patients, and therefore precautions should be taken in case of postoperative residual neuromuscular block. The possible reason is impedance of rocuronium excretion due to biliary obstruction and increased plasma unbound rocuronium because of free bilirubin competing with it for albumin binding.

  7. Holocene Millennial-scale Surface and Bottom Water Variability, Feni Drift, NE Atlantic Ocean: Foraminiferal Assemblages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassen, S. J.; Richter, T. O.; de Stigter, H. C.; van Weering, T. C. E.; de Haas, H.

    A high-resolution sediment core from Feni Drift (ENAM9606, 56N 14W, 2543 m wa- ter depth) was investigated for planktonic and benthic foraminiferal assemblages dur- ing the last 12,000 years. During the Preboreal, peak abundances of T.quinqueloba indicate the passage of the Arctic front over the core site. Holocene planktonic foraminiferal assemblages indicate a gradual warming trend of surface water masses punctuated by a major cooling (8,200ky event s.l.), and possibly a slight cooling dur- ing the last 3,000 years. The interval from 10 to 5kyrs shows higher and fluctuating abundances of T.quinqueloba and G.bulloides, which suggest proximity of the subarc- tic front and enhanced spring blooms compared to the upper Holocene. Abundance peaks of N.pachyderma(s) and/or T.quinqueloba indicate a series of millennial-scale cooling events during the entire Holocene, which can be correlated to similar episodes previously described from other locations in the North Atlantic and Norwegian- Greenland Sea. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages indicate a gradual transition from seasonal, spring-bloom related food supply in the Lower Holocene (dominance of the phytodetritus species E.exigua) to possibly lower, but more sustained food supply in the Upper Holocene (dominance of C.obtusa and C.laevigata).

  8. A «África (eternamente renascida». Relendo três dos «seus» insignes pensadores: Léopold Sédar Senghor, Frantz Fanon e Amílcar Cabral / «Africa (eternally reborn». Revising three of the most important intelectualls: Léopold Sédar Senghor, Frantz...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Venâncio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo do pressuposto de que a ideia de África é, em muito, devedora do entendimento que os nacionalistas africanos tinham das suas sociedades, discute-se o contributo específico de três nacionalistas, conquanto um deles, Frantz Fanon não seja de origem africana, mas sim antilhana. O nacionalismo é, neste contexto, entendido como parte de um movimento mais vasto, o do renascimento africano, ciclicamente evocado pelos líderes africanos e, deste modo, entendido como um movimento de longa duração (longue durée. Assuming that the idea of Africa owes much to the understanding African nationalists had of their societies, the specific contribution of three nationalists is here discussed, although one of them, Frantz Fanon, is not of African origin, but from the Antilles. In this context, nationalism is understood as part of a larger movement, the African renaissance movement, cyclically evoked by African leaders and therefore must be understood as a long-term movement (longue durée.

  9. Narrating Palaeolithic Human Settlement History : the case of the Imjin-Hantan River Area, Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongwook Yoo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to furnish a narrative story-telling with the broad perspective on the human past rather than simply depending on the analytical examination of archaeological data. For the purpose of this task, Ferdinand Braudel’s concept of “la longue durée” is applied to parallel the environmental background and hominid’s life/land-use patterns based on the geological data and archaeological remains. The Imjin-Hantan River Area (IHRA, known for the discovery of Acheulian-like handaxe, was occupied from ca 0.23 mya to the final Pleistocene; the hominids continuously changed their residing patterns in the landscape with actively modifying the lithic technological organization as a response to the environmental change. Integrating the geological features, absolute dates and characteristics of lithic assemblages from individual sites, we can recognize six phases of environmental changes based on the development of river channel system. These six phases witness different patterns of hominid’s adaptation in this area and correspondingly yield different mode of raw material utilization and lithic procurement. While more accurate geological dates are yet to be published and the description of lithic assemblages may be changed by new data, it is prospecting that Braudel’s la longue durée is a useful concept for meaningfully narrating a long-term human occupation history in the discipline of prehistoric archaeology.

  10. Metabolic engineering of the regulators in nitrogen catabolite repression to reduce the production of ethyl carbamate in a model rice wine system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xinrui; Zou, Huijun; Fu, Jianwei; Zhou, Jingwen; Du, Guocheng; Chen, Jian

    2014-01-01

    Rice wine has been one of the most popular traditional alcoholic drinks in China. However, the presence of potentially carcinogenic ethyl carbamate (EC) in rice wine has raised a series of food safety issues. During rice wine production, the key reason for EC formation is urea accumulation, which occurs because of nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. NCR represses urea utilization by retaining Gln3p in the cytoplasm when preferred nitrogen sources are present. In order to increase the nuclear localization of Gln3p, some possible phosphorylation sites on the nuclear localization signal were mutated and the nuclear localization regulation signal was truncated, and the disruption of URE2 provided an additional method of reducing urea accumulation. By combining these strategies, the genes involved in urea utilization (DUR1,2 and DUR3) could be significantly activated in the presence of glutamine. During shake flask fermentations of the genetically modified strains, very little urea accumulated in the medium. Furthermore, the concentrations of urea and EC were reduced by 63% and 72%, respectively, in a model rice wine system. Examination of the normal nutrients in rice wine indicated that there were few differences in fermentation characteristics between the wild-type strain and the genetically modified strain. These results show that metabolic engineering of the NCR regulators has great potential as a method for eliminating EC during rice wine production.

  11. Substrata Residue, Linguistic Reconstruction, and Linking: Methodological Premises, and the Case History of Palaeo-Sardinian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Blasco Ferrer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates that, within substratal research, prior to undertaking any comparative endeavour, it is necessary to conduct a thorough distributional analysis of the morphological regularities displayed by the language under consideration, so as to determine the phonological rules governing diachronic changes, which leads to establishing the typology of the substratal language. The application of this rigorous methodology to Palaeo-Sardinian toponymic material makes it possible to recognize the primitive agglutinative typology, and thereby to precise its relation to Palaeo-Basque. After having highlighted some flaws and weaknesses of prior reconstructions, the author first describes the benefits stemming from a systematic segmentation of nearly 1000 microtoponyms of Central Sardinia, which display clear morphological regularities, and restores the underlying phonological system, as well as some of the most distinctive evolutionary laws (e.g., it is argued that the structure of most reconstructed roots can be boiled down to a single syllable template CVC, as /d-u-r/, /d-o-n/; this helps to establish some phonetic laws, as /d/ > /l/ in dur > lur, don > loh, etc.. Finally, a detailed confrontation of Palaeo-Sardinian with reconstructed morphological and phonological systems of Palaeo-Basque evince a vast array of striking correspondances which are due, most probably, to the prehistoric split of Pre-Proto-Basque into Proto-Basque and Palaeo-Sardinian branches in the late Mesolithic / early Neolithic age. The paper provides a new Stammbaum model to account for this split.

  12. The relationship between vascular and metabolic characteristics of primary breast tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Semple, Scott I.K.; Gilbert, Fiona J.; Redpath, Thomas W.; Staff, Roger T.; Ahearn, Trevor S.; Welch, Andrew E.; Heys, Steven D.; Hutcheon, Andrew W.; Smyth, Elizabeth H.; Chaturvedi, Shailesh

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between vascular and metabolic characteristics of breast tumours in vivo, using contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI and 2-[ 18 F] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) PET imaging. Twenty patients with large or locally advanced primary breast cancers were imaged prior to therapy. MRI data were acquired using a dynamic gradient echo sequence and analysed using two pharmacokinetic models. Static PET data were acquired in 2D mode. A significant association (P<0.05) was observed between the calculated exchange rate constants of both pharmacokinetic models and calculated PET FDG dose uptake ratios (DUR). Statistical analysis showed that the exchange rate constants can explain between 27 and 44% of the variance observed in the PET FDG uptake ratios. A relationship was demonstrated between the vascular and metabolic characteristics of primary breast tumours showing that any assessment of tumour metabolic activity using PET may be controlled at least in part by delivery of uptake agent due to the vascular characteristics of the tumour. MRI and PET provide methods of assessing breast tumour vascularity and metabolism in vivo using the exchange rate constants of dynamic MRI, and DUR of PET, respectively, these measures being related but not equivalent. (orig.)

  13. Metabolic Engineering of the Regulators in Nitrogen Catabolite Repression To Reduce the Production of Ethyl Carbamate in a Model Rice Wine System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xinrui; Zou, Huijun; Fu, Jianwei; Chen, Jian

    2014-01-01

    Rice wine has been one of the most popular traditional alcoholic drinks in China. However, the presence of potentially carcinogenic ethyl carbamate (EC) in rice wine has raised a series of food safety issues. During rice wine production, the key reason for EC formation is urea accumulation, which occurs because of nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. NCR represses urea utilization by retaining Gln3p in the cytoplasm when preferred nitrogen sources are present. In order to increase the nuclear localization of Gln3p, some possible phosphorylation sites on the nuclear localization signal were mutated and the nuclear localization regulation signal was truncated, and the disruption of URE2 provided an additional method of reducing urea accumulation. By combining these strategies, the genes involved in urea utilization (DUR1,2 and DUR3) could be significantly activated in the presence of glutamine. During shake flask fermentations of the genetically modified strains, very little urea accumulated in the medium. Furthermore, the concentrations of urea and EC were reduced by 63% and 72%, respectively, in a model rice wine system. Examination of the normal nutrients in rice wine indicated that there were few differences in fermentation characteristics between the wild-type strain and the genetically modified strain. These results show that metabolic engineering of the NCR regulators has great potential as a method for eliminating EC during rice wine production. PMID:24185848

  14. João Pereira da Silva, Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen et les malheurs de l'histoire moderne du Brésil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Enders

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Peu d´historiens se sont consacrés à l´histoire du Brésil indépendant sous l`Empire et João Manuel Pereira da Silva et Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen constituent deux exceptions à cette règle. Véritable succès de libraire, le livre de Pereira da Silva História da Fundação do Império Brasileiro, en 7 gros volumes publiés á partir de 1864, est cependant  vite discrédité, ainsi que son auteur, qui tombe dans l´oubli. Varnhagen ne doit pas sa gloire à ses travaux sur l´indépendance , édités longtemps après sa mort. Ces mésaventures historiographiques posent le problème de la légitimité de l´histoire contemporaine et les difficiles rapports de celle-ci avec la politique et la monarchie brésilienne.

  15. Environmental monitoring of the Robertson Reservoir (1990-2005) : evolution of the mercury levels in the flesh of fish

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Therrien, J.

    2006-04-01

    This paper provided details of an environmental monitoring analysis of the stomach contents and mercury levels in the flesh of main fish species in the Robertson Reservoir. The report noted that smelt species were dominant in the reservoir and in the adjoining Ivry Lake, while benthos were dominant the brackish waters of Lake Monger. Sticklebacks were found in the stomachs of the examined fish, while the diet of brook trout was comprised mainly of benthos in lakes and reservoirs. Arctic char mainly ate benthos in the reservoir. Landlocked salmon mainly ate fish in the reservoirs and lakes. Smelt was the primary diet of Arctic char until 2003. After 2003, Arctic char fed mainly on sticklebacks. It was observed that average mercury levels of fish of a standardized length increased by a factor of 2.7 to 4.9 after the impoundment of the reservoir. However, average mercury levels stopped increasing for dwarf Arctic char in 2003. Levels of mercury in brook trout have not increased since 1999. A significant decrease in mercury levels of rainbow smelt were observed. Average mercury levels of fish in the brackish waters of Lake Monger were lower than levels observed in most other freshwater lakes in the region. It was concluded that the number of monthly meals recommended by the fish consumption guide produced in 2001 for the Gros Mecatina region are still appropriate for the reservoir

  16. [Major sickle cell syndromes and infections associated with this condition in children in Burkina Faso].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douamba, Sonia; Nagalo, Kisito; Tamini, Laure; Traoré, Ismaël; Kam, Madibèlè; Kouéta, Fla; Yé, Diarra

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to investigate infections in children with major sickle cell syndrome. We conducted a monocentric descriptive retrospective hospital study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, over a ten-year period. All children with major sickle cell syndrome (homozygous SS and double heterozygous SC, SD Punjab , Sβ thalassemic, SO Arab and SE) hospitalized for microbiologically confirmed infections were enrolled in the study. One hundred and thirty-three patients met our inclusion criteria. The SS phenotype accounted for 63.2% of cases and SC 36.8%. The frequency of infections was 21.8%. In 45.9% of cases, these affected children aged 0-5 years. The most frequent signs were osteoarticular pain (42.1%), cough (25.7%), abdominal pain (23.3%), pallor (43.6%). The major diagnoses were bronchopneumonia (31.6%), malaria (16.5%), osteomyelitis (12.8%) and septicemia (10.5%). The isolated pathogenic organisms were Streptococcus pneumoniae (35.5%) and Salmonella spp (33.3%). Third generation cephalosporins were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. Gros mortality rate was 7.5%. Bacterial infections and malaria dominate the clinical picture of infections in children with major sickle cell syndrome at the at the Pediatrics University Hospital Center Charles De-Gaulle. This study highlights the importance of establishing a national program for the management of sickle-cell anemia, which could help prevent or reduce the occurrence of infections in children with sickle cell syndrome.

  17. New Geographical Insights of the Latest Expansion of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 Into the Greater Mekong Subregion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-Jun Zheng

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Banana is the most popular and most exported fruit and also a major food crop for millions of people around the world. Despite its importance and the presence of serious disease threats, research into this crop is limited. One of those is Panama disease or Fusarium wilt. In the previous century Fusarium wilt wiped out the “Gros Michel” based banana industry in Central America. The epidemic was eventually quenched by planting “Cavendish” bananas. However, 50 years ago the disease recurred, but now on “Cavendish” bananas. Since then the disease has spread across South-East Asia, to the Middle-East and the Indian subcontinent and leaped into Africa. Here, we report the presence of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense Tropical Race 4 (Foc TR4 in “Cavendish” plantations in Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam. A combination of classical morphology, DNA sequencing, and phenotyping assays revealed a very close relationship between the Foc TR4 strains in the entire Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS, which is increasingly prone to intensive banana production. Analyses of single-nucleotide polymorphisms enabled us to initiate a phylogeography of Foc TR4 across three geographical areas—GMS, Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East revealing three distinct Foc TR4 sub-lineages. Collectively, our data place these new incursions in a broader agroecological context and underscore the need for awareness campaigns and the implementation of validated quarantine measures to prevent further international dissemination of Foc TR4.

  18. To break away from fossil fuels : a contribution to solve climatic change and energy security for Quebec; S'affranchir des carburants fossiles : une contribution a la lutte aux changements climatiques et a la securite energetique du Quebec

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonin, P.; Seguin, H.; Waridel, L.

    2006-06-15

    In response to growing energy demands, Quebec has proposed the construction of 3 deep water terminals to accommodate methane tankers which transport liquefied natural gas (LNG). This paper focused on the proposed Gros Cacouna Port project in the St. Lawrence Seaway which is currently under study and subject to approval. Equiterre, questioned the energy security aspect of the proposal and argued that increasing Quebec's reliance on increasingly expensive energy would decrease energy security. In addition, importation of LNG would bring a clear exit of capital outside the province. Equiterre also argued that reliance on fossil fuels should be decreased in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change. The organization questioned whether the economic and social need for the proposed project justifies a greater dependency on fossil fuels and the associated impact on the environment and fragile ecosystems of the St. Lawrence. It was suggested that alternative solutions such as renewable energy sources and energy efficiency should be explored in order to promote sustainable development, increase energy security and reduce greenhouse gases. Equiterre argued that Quebec can and must decrease, and even eliminate, its dependence on fossil fuels, including natural gas, for Quebec's economic, social and environmental well-being. For these reasons, Equiterre recommended that the proposed project be rejected, particularly since the project proponents failed to show the real impact that the project would have on Quebec markets. 72 refs., 10 tabs., 21 figs.

  19. Situación y avances tecnologicos en la producción bananera mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Soto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El consumo de banano como fruta fresca, supera a todas las demás frutas,solo superado por el consumo de cítricos industriales. El grupo Cavendish es el de mayor produccion en el mundo, com um 47 %, principalmente de los clones Gran Enano(Nanica y Valery(Nanicao. El Gros Michel representa en el mundo 12 % de la producción, los plátanos de consumo cocido, grupo AAB un 17 %, mientras que los plátanos de tierras altas, conocidos como dulces, cultivados em las regiones tropicales como en el sur de Brasil, norte de Argentina , Islas Canárias y tierras altas de Filipinas han mostrado una gran aceptación. Es el grupo de Prata`. Las importaciones de banano em 2009 fueran de 14,5 miliones de ton, por Europa, EUA-Canada, Japon y otros países. Los principales países exportadores Equador, Filipinas, Costa Rica y otros.La banana orgânica tiene los mejores precios.

  20. Isolation and partial characterization of starch from banana cultivars grown in Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chávez-Salazar, A; Bello-Pérez, L A; Agama-Acevedo, E; Castellanos-Galeano, F J; Álvarez-Barreto, C I; Pacheco-Vargas, G

    2017-05-01

    Banana starch is resistant to hydrolysis by digestive enzymes due to its structure and dietary fibre content. Starch was isolated from the following three cultivars of Colombian Musaceae: Gros Michel (dessert), Dominico Harton and FHIA 20 (cooking); also, the amylose and amylopectin contents, morphology of the granules, thermal properties, pasting, molecular characteristics and digestibility were determined. The total starch content, amylose content and digestibility (gelatinized starch) were higher in cooking varieties; the purity and gelatinization temperature were similar for the three varieties, but the enthalpy was higher in the dessert variety. The three varieties showed higher viscosities in the pasting profile compared to commercial maize starch in both acid and neutral conditions. Starch granules presented with heterogeneous sizes and shapes (elongated and ovals) that had birefringence. The Dominico Hartón variety showed the lowest rapidly digestible starch (RDS) value in the gelatinized sample that is in agreement with the greater proportion of long chains. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Purification of phytotoxic metabolites from culture filtrate of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense gcv 01210 (race 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayanci Portal

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Panama disease, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, is considered a destructive disease of economic importance in the genus Musa. The culture filtrates of the pathogen have been used to differentiate cultivars, but have not been identified metabolites involved in the differential response. The aim of this study was to purify phytotoxic metabolites present in the culture filtrate of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense GCV [01210] Race 1 for further chemical characterization. We used a culture filtrate of 15 days of incubation. The phytotoxic activity was tested with a leaf bioassay on the susceptible cultivar ‘Gros Michel’ and resistant ‘FHIA 01’. The organic extract was extracted and fractionated. It was partitioned with organic solvents of rising polarity and found the complexity of each of the fractions by TLC. The metabolites were purified by flash column chromatography. Two compounds were purified from the culture filtrate of the pathogen which not only differed in color (blue and pale yellow, but also in polarity. Fractions B (containing blue compound and E (containing yellow compound produced significant differences in lesion area between resistant and susceptible cultivar. These results are not conclusive but, it is the basis for the identification of compounds involved in the differential response of Musa spp. cultivars to the culture filtrate of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense. Key Words: phytotoxic activity, chromatography, organic extract, Panama disease, plantains and bananas

  2. Phenolic profiling in the pulp and peel of nine plantain cultivars (Musa sp.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passo Tsamo, Claudine Valérie; Herent, Marie-France; Tomekpe, Kodjo; Happi Emaga, Thomas; Quetin-Leclercq, Joëlle; Rogez, Hervé; Larondelle, Yvan; Andre, Christelle

    2015-01-15

    The present study investigated the phenolic profiles of the pulp and peel of nine plantain cultivars and compared them to those of two dessert bananas of commercial interest (Grand Nain and Gros Michel), alongside a newly created hybrid, resistant to black sigatoka disease (F568). Identification and quantification of phenolic compounds were performed by means of HPLC-ESI-HR-MS and HPLC-DAD. Hydroxycinnamic acids, particularly ferulic acid-hexoside with 4.4-85.1 μg/g of dry weight, dominated in the plantain pulp and showed a large diversity among cultivars. Flavonol glycosides were predominant in plantain peels, rutin (242.2-618.7 μg/g of dry weight) being the most abundant. A principal component analysis on the whole data revealed that the phenolic profiles of the hybrid, the dessert bananas and the pure plantains differed from each other. Plantain pulps and peels appeared as good sources of phenolics, which could be involved in the health benefits associated with their current applications. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Gender role orientation is associated with health-related quality of life differently among African-American, Hispanic, and White youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Sarah M; Wallander, Jan L; Depaoli, Sarah; Elliott, Marc N; Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Tortolero, Susan R; Cuccaro, Paula M; Schuster, Mark A

    2015-09-01

    This study examined the association between gender role orientation (GRO) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in youth, and how this relationship may differ between males and females as well as among African-American, White, and Hispanic individuals. GRO has been reported to influence serious health outcomes including cancer, heart disease, mental illness, and mortality rates. However, few studies have examined the link between GRO and health outcomes for children, even though gender identity is formed in childhood. Data were examined from 4824 participants in the Healthy Passages™ project, a population-based survey of fifth-grade children in three US metropolitan areas. Children reported their own HRQOL using the PedsQL and degree of female, male, and androgynous GRO using the Children's Sex Role Inventory. Based on structural equations analysis, male GRO was positively associated with HRQOL for all racial/ethnic groups, regardless of sex, whereas female GRO was associated with better HRQOL for Hispanic and White females and poorer HRQOL for Hispanic males. Androgynous GRO was associated with better HRQOL among Hispanic and White females, but not males nor African-Americans of either sex. Racial/ethnic differences emerged for female and androgynous, but not male, GROs. Hispanic males are the only group for which GRO (female) was associated with poorer HRQOL. Future research should find ways to help youth overcome negative effects on health from gender beliefs and behavior patterns with sensitivity to racial/ethnic membership.

  4. INTEGRAL confirms that XTE J1728-295 = IGR J17285-2922

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turler, Marc; ., .; Brandt, Søren Kristian

    2010-01-01

    -40 keV and 40-80 keV energy bands, respectively. The average ISGRI spectrum can be well described (reduced chi^2 of 0.8 for 8 degrees of freedom) by a simple power-law of index 2.1+/-0.5 (uncertainty at 68% c.l.) and a 20-80 keV flux of 9.8e-11 erg/s/cm^2. The best-determined position with a 90......% confinement radius of 2.8 arcmin (Gros et al., 2003, A&A, L179) is (RA,DEC)=(262.172,-29.325), fully consistent with the location of the Swift/XRT Soft X-ray counterpart (ATel #2824). IGR J17285-2922 was not detected by JEM-X with a 3-sigma upper limit of about 12 mCrab (3-11 keV). This is consistent....... The coincidence of the renewed low-level activity of IGR J17285-2922 in the hard X-rays with the reported X-ray outburst of XTE J1728-295 (ATel #2823) and the positional coincidence with the proposed Soft X-ray counterpart (ATel #2824) strengthen the suggestion that the two sources are actually the same object...

  5. Multi-Destination and Multi-Purpose Trip Effects in the Analysis of the Demand for Trips to a Remote Recreational Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Espiñeira, Roberto; Amoako-Tuffour, Joe

    2009-06-01

    One of the basic assumptions of the travel cost method for recreational demand analysis is that the travel cost is always incurred for a single purpose recreational trip. Several studies have skirted around the issue with simplifying assumptions and dropping observations considered as nonconventional holiday-makers or as nontraditional visitors from the sample. The effect of such simplifications on the benefit estimates remains conjectural. Given the remoteness of notable recreational parks, multi-destination or multi-purpose trips are not uncommon. This article examines the consequences of allocating travel costs to a recreational site when some trips were taken for purposes other than recreation and/or included visits to other recreational sites. Using a multi-purpose weighting approach on data from Gros Morne National Park, Canada, we conclude that a proper correction for multi-destination or multi-purpose trip is more of what is needed to avoid potential biases in the estimated effects of the price (travel-cost) variable and of the income variable in the trip generation equation.

  6. Hydrophilic compounds in culture filtrates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense GCV [01210] induce protection to banana leave toward a main pathogen phytotoxic component

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayanci Portal González

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Panama disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc, is among the most important diseases in Musa spp. Foc is a necrotrophic fungus, their phytotoxins play a role in disease development. Previously culture filtrate (FCC 15 days incubation with differential phytotoxic activity against two Musa cultivars was obtained. From this, the main fraction with nonspecific phytotoxic activity against both cultivars was purified. In this study, the biological activity of the aqueous phase and the main phytotoxic fraction purified from organic extract of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense VCG [01210] Race 1 FCC was determined on banana leaves of cv. `Gros Michel' (susceptible and `FHIA-01' (resistant. Foc FCC phytotoxic effect was confirmed. The aqueous phase showed no phytotoxic activity on both cultivars, while the simultaneous application of the aqueous phase with the main phytotoxic fraction induced a differential response of tissues in susceptible and resistant cultivars evaluated. The results indicated that the compounds present in the aqueous phase are required to induce the protection of leaf tissue against phytotoxic main component of the pathogen. Key words: culture filtrate, Panama disease, resistant, susceptible

  7. Orienteering Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Club d'Orientation

    2015-01-01

    Course orientation C’est au pied du Salève, proche du Golf de Bosset, que le club d’orientation du CERN (CO CERN) a organisé samedi 19 septembre une nouvelle épreuve comptant pour la Coupe Genevoise d’automne. La zone « des Terrasses de Genève » avait été cartographiée et mise en service l’année dernière. Les participants ont pu apprécier un terrain ludique avec beaucoup de microreliefs, de points d’eau et de gros rochers, le tout au milieu d’une forêt assez claire et agréable à courir. Sur le parcours technique long, le résultat a été très serré puisque Pierrick Merino du club d’Annecy a gagné avec seulement 9 secondes d’avance sur Gaëtan Vuitton (CO CERN) qui confiait avoir perdu beaucoup du te...

  8. LES MEDICAMENTS FALSIFIES, CRIME SANS CHATIMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc GENTILINI

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Le trafic de faux médicaments n’est pas un phénomène récent, mais un fléau qui s’aggrave. Plus mortel que le Paludisme et plus rentable que le trafic des drogues, il menace tant la santé des populations que le développement économique des pays les plus pauvres. Des anticancéreux aux traitements des dysfonctionnements érectiles, princeps ou génériques, tous les types de médicaments font l’objet de falsification. Profitant de la mondialisation des échanges et de l’essor d’Internet, ce trafic mortifère s’est développé et s’étend désormais sur les 5 continents. Considéré comme « le plus gros marché noir du monde », il reste pourtant sous-estimé, voire méconnu, du grand public, des professionnels de santé et des dirigeants politiques. La prise de conscience à tous les niveaux des risques engendrés par les médicaments falsifiés est une urgence vitale.

  9. Clonal variability and ortet-ramet relationships in a norway spruce population

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birot, Y.; Nepveu, G.

    1979-01-01

    The study was intended to assess the effectiveness of multiclonal vegetative propagation in breeding programmes for Norway spruce. Fifty-one individuals were selected (mainly for height growth, but also for girth and for nematode resistance) in 1956 from a progeny test of 11 open-pollinated families, of Lithuanian origin, established near Nancy, France, in 1943. Ramets from these individuals were grafted in 1957 and planted out in the Gros Bois Forest, Allier, in 1961. Height, diameter, bud burst date, basic density and resistance to the nematode Pristiphora abietina were assessed at intervals until 1976 for both the ortets and their ramets. The results of the progeny test indicated that high genetic gains could be expected for most traits (especially volume production). Bud burst appeared to be independent of growth traits and wood density. The results of the test with grafted clones showed that selection for late bud burst and high wood density would be efficient, because the traits were genotypically independent and had good genotypic stability. Wood density showed, however, a (weak) negative correlation with diameter. Phenotypic selection for namatode resistance was negatively related to late bud burst. No firm conclusions could be drawn on the effectiveness of selection for growth traits, because of bias introduced by the selection of the ortets, possible genotypic differences between rootstocks, and genotypeXsite interaction. This was taken from authors' summary.

  10. Determination by neutron activation of the uranium-235 concentration in uranium oxides; Determination par activation neutronique de la concentration d'uranium-235 dans des oxydes d'urane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    May, S; Leveque, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    Classical methods of measuring isotopic abundance have the disadvantage of being long and of requiring chemical separation. A non-destructive method of measuring the uranium-235 content is described. It is based on an overall measurement of the short lived fission product activity formed during a 15 s neutron irradiation. The precision is of the order {+-} 1.5 per cent for 20 per cent enriched samples. The error due to the contribution from fast fission is discussed in detail. (author) [French] Les methodes classiques de mesure de l'abondance isotopique presentent le gros inconvenient d'etre longues et de necessiter des separations chimiques. Nous exposons une methode non destructive de mesure de la concentration d'uranium-235. Elle est basee sur la mesure globale de l'activite des produits de fission de courte periode formes par une irradiation neutronique de 15 s de l'echantillon. La precision est de l'ordre de {+-} 1,5 pour cent pour des echantillons enrichis jusqu'a 20 pour cent. L'erreur a la contribution de la fission rapide est discutee en detail. (auteur)

  11. Biotechnological tools against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical race 4 in Musa spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalmis Bermúdez-Caraballoso

    2014-10-01

    attacking Musa worldwide. Race 1 caused an epidemic that destroyed the banana export industry based cultivar ‘Gros Michel’ (Musa AAA in America as well as the disappearance of commercial production of cultivar ‘Manzano’ (Musa AAB in Cuba. The Foc tropical race 4 (TR4 was first recognized in 1990 in Taiwan, causing serious damage to the standards for the export crops sub Cavendish group in several countries in Southeast Asia. Most troubling is that over 80% banana cultivars produced worldwide are susceptibles to this race, and thus represents a potential risk for producing countries of Latin America and the Caribbean where threat has not yet reached the pathogen. This review was conducted with the aim of presenting the possible implications of the entry into Cuba of tropical race 4 of Panama disease and strategies to prevent future damages caused by the disease. Include aspects of the symptomatology of the disease, mechanisms of infection, pathogenic complexity and dispersion of the pathogen as well as several biotechnological tools against the disease among which are: varietal resistance, resistance inducers and development of tolerant cultivars. Key words: bananas, fungi disease, Fusarium oxysporum, plantains, varietal resistance

  12. Lambeaux autofermants pour le traitement des brulures electriques du scalp par haut voltage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafidi, J.; El Mazouz, S.; El Mejatti, H.; Fejjal, N.; Gharib, N.E.; Abbassi, A.; Belmahi, A.M.

    2011-01-01

    Summary Les brûlures électriques par haut voltage sont responsables de gros dégâts tissulaires en immédiat et dans les jours suivant l’accident du fait de la chaleur importante dégagée par effet joule et de la thrombose microvasculaire évolutive. Les pertes de substances du scalp secondaires à ces brûlures nécessitent une couverture par lambeaux vu la destruction du périoste et du calvarium en regard. De juin 1997 à juin 2008, 15 patients ont été traités pour des pertes de substance du scalp secondaires à des brûlures électriques par haut voltage de diamètre allant de 8 à 11 cm et siégeant dans la région tonsurale. Ces patients ont été opérés dans la première semaine suivant l’accident. Les pertes de substance du scalp de taille moyenne secondaires à ces brûlures peuvent être couvertes per primam de façon fiable par des lambeaux locaux axialisés et multiples. Nous relatons l’expérience du Service de Chirurgie Plastique du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Ibn-Sina, Rabat, Maroc, dans la gestion et la prise en charge de ces brûlures. PMID:22262963

  13. Stuck fermentation: development of a synthetic stuck wine and study of a restart procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maisonnave, Pierre; Sanchez, Isabelle; Moine, Virginie; Dequin, Sylvie; Galeote, Virginie

    2013-05-15

    Stuck fermentation is a major problem in winemaking, resulting in large losses in the wine industry. Specific starter yeasts are used to restart stuck fermentations in conditions determined essentially on the basis of empirical know-how. We have developed a model synthetic stuck wine and an industrial process-based procedure for restarting fermentations, for studies of the conditions required to restart stuck fermentations. We used a basic medium containing 13.5% v/v ethanol and 16 g/L fructose, pH 3.3, to test the effect of various nutrients (vitamins, amino acids, minerals, oligoelements), with the aim of developing a representative and discriminative stuck fermentation model. Cell growth appeared to be a key factor for the efficient restarting of stuck fermentations. Micronutrients, such as vitamins, also strongly affected the efficiency of the restart procedure. For the validation of this medium, we compared the performances of three wine yeast strains in the synthetic stuck fermentation and three naturally stuck wine fermentations. Strain performance was ranked similar in the synthetic medium and in the "Malbec" and "Sauvignon" natural stuck wines. However, two strains were ranked differently in the "Gros Manseng" stuck wine. Nutrient content seemed to be a crucial factor in fermentation restart conditions, generating differences between yeast strains. However, the specific sensitivity of yeast strains to the composition of the wine may also have had an effect. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Prise en charge diagnostique et thérapeutique de la tuberculose ganglionnaire en Tunisie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Brahim, Hajer; Kooli, Ikbel; Aouam, Abir; Toumi, Adnene; Loussaief, Chawki; Koubaa, Jamel; Chakroun, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    La tuberculose ganglionnaire est la localisation extra-pulmonaire la plus fréquente de la tuberculose. Nous nous proposons dans ce travail d’étudier les modalités diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutives de cette localisation. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective portant sur 100 cas de tuberculose ganglionnaire. L’âge moyen était de 35 ± 15 ans (15-85 ans). Aucun malade n’était VIH positif. L'aire cervicale était la plus touchée (93 cas). L'intradermo-réaction à la tuberculine était positive dans 76/91 cas (83,5%). L'examen bactériologique des prélèvements au niveau des ganglions atteints avait mis en évidence des bacilles acido-alcoolo-résistants à l'examen direct dans 2/31 cas (6,4%) et la culture avait isolé Mycobacteruim tuberculosis dans 1/31 cas (3,2%). La cytoponction ganglionnaire (FNAC) était évocatrice de tuberculose dans 35/42 cas (83,3%). La biopsie ganglionnaire était réalisée dans 69 cas et avait permis de retenir le diagnostic de tuberculose dans tous les cas. La FNAC, comparativement à la biopsie, avait permis de raccourcir significativement le délai de la prise en charge (15,1 vs 22,8 jours; p=0,001) et la durée d'hospitalisation (17,3 vs 24,6; p=0,004). La durée moyenne du traitement antituberculeux était de 9,8 ± 4,6 mois (7 à 44 mois). Le traitement chirurgical initial avait raccourci significativement la durée du traitement médical. Il n'avait pas d'impact sur le taux de guérison. Nous avons noté 10 cas de réponse paradoxale aux antituberculeux, quatre cas de résistance clinique et une rechute dans deux cas. La tuberculose ganglionnaire pose un problème diagnostique et thérapeutique. La microbiologie est d'un faible apport. La FNAC est un moyen diagnostique très utiles dans les pays endémiques et à faibles ressources. Un traitement médical seul permet d’éviter les inconvénients de la chirurgie. PMID:25829976

  15. Decision logic for retreatment of asymptomatic lung cancer recurrence based on positron emission tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frank, Albert; Lefkowitz, David; Jaeger, Stanley; Gobar, Lisa; Sunderland, John; Gupta, Naresh; Scott, Walter; Mailliard, James; Lynch, Henry; Bishop, John; Thorpe, Patricia; Dewan, Naresh

    1995-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine if Positron emission tomography (PET) 2-[F-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) imaging could detect subclinical local lung cancer recurrence and whether retreatment of such recurrence was feasible and beneficial. Methods and Materials: Twenty patients with biopsy proven lung cancer were studied with Positron emission tomography for the purpose of detecting subclinical lung cancer recurrence over a period of 4.25 years. All patients were treated with external radiation as part or all of their therapy. Twenty patients had baseline PET and computed tomography (CT) studies for comparison with later studies. Surviving patients had a total of 40 sequential PET scans and 35 CT scans. The follow-up interval ranged from 5 to 40 months posttreatment. The differential uptake ratio (DUR) was determined for regions of interest of increased FDG uptake. Results: The median DUR value of the 20 baseline PET studies was 5.59. The DUR value of greater than 3 was empirically selected as being positive for tumor detection. On baseline studies, PET had a 100% correlation with the CT findings in regard to detection of the site of primary tumor involvement. Four of 20 patients showed areas of discordance in the mediastinal and hilar areas on initial PET and CT studies. Seven of 17 patients showed discordant posttreatment PET-CT findings. Two false positive PET studies were due to radiation pneumonitis and one to macrophage glycolysis in tumor necrosis. For detection of asymptomatic tumor recurrence, analysis of sequential PET and CT studies, biopsy results, and the patient's clinical course suggested that PET had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 89.3%, and accuracy of 92.5%. Computerized Tomography was found to have a sensitivity of 67%, specificity of 85%, and accuracy of 82% for detection of such early-stage recurrence. Five patients went on to have retreatment with external irradiation based upon the PET evidence. Four retreated

  16. Anti PD-L1 DUrvalumab combined with Cetuximab and RadiOtherapy in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: A phase I/II study (DUCRO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonomo, Pierluigi; Desideri, Isacco; Loi, Mauro; Mangoni, Monica; Sottili, Mariangela; Marrazzo, Livia; Talamonti, Cinzia; Greto, Daniela; Pallotta, Stefania; Livi, Lorenzo

    2018-02-01

    Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been increasingly recognized as an immune suppressive malignancy. The efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI's) in the context of recurrent/metastatic (R/M) setting anticipates the possible integration of immunotherapy into the therapeutic armamentarium of locally advanced disease. Durvalumab (DUR) is a humanized monoclonal IgG1, anti-PD-L1 antibody with promising data in R/M HNSCC. The aim of our study is to test the antitumor activity of a combined regimen incorporating an immune checkpoint inhibitor into a conventional bio-radiation strategy for the cure of unfavorable locally advanced HNSCC. In this open label, multi-center, single-arm, phase I/II study, enrolled patients will receive Radiotherapy (RT) (69.9 Gy/2.12 Gy in 33 fractions) with concurrent Cetuximab (CTX) (400 mg/m 2 1 week before RT start followed by 250 mg/m 2 weekly) and DUR (fixed dose of 1500 mg every 4 weeks starting from RT-CTX week 1) followed by adjuvant DUR (to a maximum of 6 months after completion of RT-CTX). Primary endpoint of the study is 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). A safety run-in is planned after the enrollment of first 12, 24 and 36 patients. Patients affected by high-risk (≥N2a or ≥T3, any N) larynx, hypopharynx and HPV negative oropharynx or HPV-positive oropharynx (≥T2, ≥N2b, ≥10 pack/years) will be eligible. Conventional intensification strategies failed to provide any benefit for the cure of locally advanced HNSCC. For the still prevalent HPV-negative population and the high risk-HPV positive disease, there is an unmet need for alternative treatment paradigms. Potentially, the inhibition of the PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint may synergize with both CTX and RT through immunologic interplay, ultimately aiming to reverse the HNSCC-induced immune suppression. The DUCRO study will seek to demonstrate if such a strategy may be safe and active. NCT number: NCT03051906Eudract number: 2016-004668-20.

  17. Sacroiliites infectieuses dans le centre tunisien: étude rétrospective de 25 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellazreg, Foued; Alaya, Zeineb; Hattab, Zouhour; Lasfar, Nadia Ben; Ayeche, Mohamed Laziz Ben; Bouajina, Elyes; Letaief, Amel; Hachfi, Wissem

    2016-01-01

    Les sacroiliites infectieuses sont rares mais peuvent se compliquer de séquelles fonctionnelles invalidantes. Décrire les caractéristiques cliniques et bactériologiques des sacroiliites infectieuses chez les patients suivis à Sousse, Centre Tunisien. Etude rétrospective, descriptive, des cas de sacroiliites infectieuses chez les patients hospitalisés à Sousse entre 2000 et 2015. Le diagnostic a été retenu devant des signes cliniques, d'imagerie, et microbiologiques évocateurs. Vingt-cinq patients, 10 hommes et 15 femmes, d’âge moyen 41 ans (19-78) ont été inclus. Les sacroiliites étaient dues à des bactéries pyogènes dans 14 cas (56%), brucelliennes dans 6 cas (24%), et tuberculeuses dans 5 cas (20%). La durée moyenne d’évolution était de 61, 45 et 402 jours respectivement. Les signes cliniques les plus fréquents étaient les douleurs fessières (92%) et la fièvre (88%). La radiographie standard était anormale dans 75% des cas. La TDM et l'IRM sacro-iliaques dans tous les cas. Le diagnostic a été confirmé bactériologiquement dans 24 cas (96%). La durée moyenne d'antibiothérapie était de 83 jours dans les sacroiliites à pyogènes, et de 102 jours dans les SI brucelliennes. L’évolution était favorable chez 12 patients (48%), 9 patients (36%) ont gardé une douleur sacro-iliaque séquellaire, et 4 patients (16%) sont décédés. Dans notre étude, la durée d’évolution de la sacroiliite infectieuse ne permettait pas de prédire la bactérie responsable, d'où la nécessité d'obtenir une documentation bactériologique afin de prescrire une antibiothérapie appropriée. PMID:27583067

  18. “Key to the highway”: blues records and the great migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Mazzari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at the way “race record” blues of the 1920s and 1930s reinforced the decision of poor farmers, sharecroppers, and working men and women to move to the cities of the North. The theme is the way black southerners used the blues as the soundtrack of the Great Migration. In a sense, the Delta blues was a musical travel narrative for tens of thousands of people who were leaving the rural South for an unknown, modern and industrial future. The paper will explore blues music as an expression of the fluidity of African American society and culture during the Great Depression.While avoiding direct protest, blues singers and musicians—first women, later men—crafted an art form and employed the technology of the phonograph to encourage freedom of movement and choice. At the moment the “race record” industry was being born, and black farmers and families were quietly picking up and leaving the South, the music they traveled with was the blues. The paper will look at examples of blues singers whose records dealt specifically with the Great Migration and consider their influence on listeners.Cet article considère la manière dont le « race-record » blues des années 1920 et 1930 a renforcé la décision des agriculteurs, des métayers, et des ouvriers Afro-Américains d’émigrer vers les villes du nord. L’objectif général est de montrer comment les Afro-Américains se sont servi du blues comme accompagnement musical pour cette « grande migration ». En un sens, les vinyles de blues représentaient un récit de voyage musical pour des dizaines de milliers de personnes. Les chanteurs et les musiciens de blues ont conçu leur art et ont utilisé la technologie du phonographe en ayant pour but d’encourager la liberté de mouvement et de choix. Enfin, cet article examine en détail des exemples de disques de blues qui traitaient directement de la « grande migration », ainsi que leurs influences sur les musiciens et

  19. La concepción del tiempo de Henri Bergson: El alcance de sus críticas a la tradición y los límites de su originalidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Cherniavsky

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Bergson critica a la tradición filosófica el hecho de haber pensado el tiempo espacialmente, el hecho de atribuirle las notas del espacio: la homogeneidad, la divisibilidad y la simultaneidad. A través de un análisis de las concepciones de la temporalidad de Kant y Husserl, intentaremos limitar las críticas de Bergson para sugerir que la originalidad de la noción de durée no consiste en sus notas intrínsecas (la heterogeneidad, la continuidad y la sucesión, ni en la paradójica alianza que se pueda dar entre ellas (como lo revela la crítica de Bachelard, sino en la posición extrínseca de la noción en relación a las otras nociones del sistema.

  20. Theoretical Proposal for Pragmatic-Rhetorical Analysis of Argument in the Tourist Guide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Iliana Rosabal-Pérez

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to present a useful theoretical proposal for the analysis of argumentation within the guidebook genre. The study perspective is supported on the rhetorical-pragmatic perspective of argumentation provided by some authors as well as the theoretical models applied to the study of persuasion in guidebooks suggested by Adam/Bonhomme (1997, Hernández-Santaolalla and Cobo-Durán (2010. The analysis of argumentation in this kind of text must consider a tactical and strategic view of  the rhetorical actions; that is to say, not to abstain from the elocution traditional examination since argumentation is an essential devise obtainable in the whole test. Keywords: rhetorical, argumentation, guidebook, rhetorical operations, topical.

  1. Sexing Berlin?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlke, Birgit

    2011-01-01

    Berlin has always been a literary space of extremely diverse political and cultural projections. This essay investigates why after the unification of East and West Berlin the city has been imagined as a play zone of sexual self-fulfilment by authors such as Inka Parei, Tanja Dückers, Kathrin Röggla, Judith Hermann and Julia Franck. Have such erotic adventures replaced political vision in our post-utopian decade? What is the purpose of the laboured allegorisation of the fall of the wall in Durs Grünbein's essays or in the novels of Katja Lange-Müller and Thomas Hettche? The sexification of historical and political processes recalls similar stereotypes in the East German literature of the 1980s: the metropolis as a whore in works by Heiner Müller or Wolf Biermann, but also by younger authors of the independent literary scene in Berlin like Uwe Kolbe or Frank-Wolf Matthies.

  2. Modification de la surface du cuivre par implantation ionique par source plasma (IISP): applications à l’érosion cathodique dans les systèmes à arcs

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, F

    2006-01-01

    L’érosion cathodique est un phénomène bien connu qui limite la durée de vie de l’électrode négative dans les systèmes à arcs. Dans le présent mémoire, nous avons tenté de voir si la formation de précipités nanométriques d’oxyde de cuivre pouvait réduire l’érosion cathodique nécessaire au maintien de l’arc en mode thermo-champ (T-F). Les dits précipités ont été produits par implantation ionique par source plasma (IISP). Avec l’aide de techniques de caractérisation telle que la microscopie à fo...

  3. Manufacturing Vision Development – Process and Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra

    This Ph.D. project has been conducted in the context of PRODUCTION+5 methodology for devel¬oping manufacturing visions for companies, and related to Experimental Laboratory for Production. Both have been established in the Center for Industrial Production. The empirical parts of the research invo...... involve case studies of three companies that are part of the MCD-process. The cases primarily are focusing on the process and the dialogue dur¬ing the manufacturing vision development.......This Ph.D. project has been conducted in the context of PRODUCTION+5 methodology for devel¬oping manufacturing visions for companies, and related to Experimental Laboratory for Production. Both have been established in the Center for Industrial Production. The empirical parts of the research...

  4. de la carrera de Derecho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiburcio Moreno Olivos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan resultados parciales de una investigación cualitativa con enfoque etnográfico, mediante la modalidad de estudio de casos, que se realizó en una universidad pública mexicana. La investigación duró dos años y participaron profesores y estudiantes de las licenciaturas en Ciencias de la Educación y en Derecho. Por cuestiones de espacio, en este documento sólo se hará referencia al caso de esta última carrera. El objetivo de la investigación consistió en recoger evidencias acerca de la evaluación del alumnado en la universidad, describirlas, interpretar sus contenidos y formas, y valorarlas de acuerdo con ciertas concepciones actuales sobre la evaluación educativa.

  5. Le "projet G." : une ingénierie de formation. Conception et gestion d'un dispositif d'enseignement (le geste et l'effet)

    OpenAIRE

    Marty , Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Document de travail pour l'Axe 4 "Organisations et formation" du CRF [Avec une note additive formalisant les données empiriques]; Le projet d'ingénierie de formation décrit consiste à développer une école de gestion en ligne, d'une durée de trois années, visant un public d'une soixantaine de néo-bacheliers, avec une équipe pédagogique d'une dizaine d'enseignants employés par le Ministère. Décrire ce projet nous permet de présenter l'organisation et l'ingénierie de formation en utilisant à la ...

  6. L'azote ammoniacal, un toxique potentiel en élevage de poissons : le cas du turbot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PERSON-LE RUYET J.

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available L'azote ammoniacal est un toxique potentiel en élevage de poissons ayant des effets plus ou moins sévères selon la concentration ambiante et la durée d'exposition. Dans une première partie, nous rappelons que l'AAT (somme de NH4+ et NH3 est toxique essentiellement sous sa forme NH3 . Dès qu'un poisson se trouve en présence de niveaux d'AAT anormalement élevés, il y a entrée d'AAT surtout sous forme de NH3 et diffusion dans les différents compartiments du poisson (à l'équilibre, le NH4+ est dominant. Selon les conditions d'exposition, différents états d'équilibre se succèdent entre le poisson et le milieu dès lors que ses capacités d'excrétion sont affectées. A partir d'un certain niveau de concentration d'AAT dans le sang et les tissus, le poisson n'arrive plus à réguler ses fonctions vitales, le seuil de toxicité est atteint. Nous faisons ensuite la synthèse de l'état des connaissances des effets de l'AAT sur la survie et la croissance du turbot (Psetta maxima en le comparant à d'autres espèces de poissons élevées en mer ou en eau douce. A court terme, la sensibilité du turbot à l'AAT est du même ordre de grandeur que celle de la daurade et du bar, la 96-h CL50 (concentration létale pour 50 % de la population varie dans une fourchette de 1 à 3 mg/l NH3 . Des valeurs aussi élevées ne peuvent être qu'accidentellement rencontrées, même dans les élevages à haute densité. Chez toutes les espèces marines éprouvées, le seuil de toxicité chronique est plus bas, 0,8-1 mg/l NH3 pour une durée d'exposition n'excédant pas un mois. Chez le turbot, la croissance est ralentie à 0,33 mg/l NH3 en moyenne et sensiblement aux mêmes valeurs chez le bar et la daurade. Chez ces mêmes espèces selon la duré d'exposition, il y a risque de perturbation de la croissance au-dessus de 0,11 mg/l NH3 , ce qui correspond aux pics de concentrations dans les élevages à haute densité utilisant des circuits fermés. Ces

  7. Prise en charge d’un proche âgé dépendant à domicile en Corée du Sud : recherche sur les aidantes principales de la génération du baby-boom

    OpenAIRE

    Oh, Yoonji

    2017-01-01

    Cadre de la recherche : Si le care (soin) relève du souci de l’autre, ce rôle est le plus souvent considéré comme une qualité féminine. En Corée du Sud, la belle-fille devient souvent l’aidante principale lorsque ses proches âgés ont besoin de soins de longue durée. Objectifs : La présente recherche a pour objectif de montrer le vécu des belles-filles aidantes principales à domicile de leurs proches âgés dépendants (surtout leur belle-mère), et de constater l’invisibilité de leur travail au ...

  8. Safety Training: Ergonomie - Sensibilisation aux gestes et postures de travail

    CERN Multimedia

    Laetitia Laddada

    2004-01-01

    Nous vous proposons un nouveau cours d'ergonomie (durée : 1 jour) Sensibilisation aux gestes et postures de travail. A l'issue de cette formation, vous serez capable d'adopter et d'appliquer les principes de base de sécurité physique et d'économie d'efforts dans les manipulations d'objets. Les cours sont pris en charge par la Commission de Sécurité. L'inscription EDH est obligatoire. Pour plus d'information, veuillez consulter les pages Formation & Développement (Groupe Sécurité). FORMATION EN SECURITE SAFETY TRAINING Laetitia Laddada 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch

  9. Effect of Microbial Interaction on Urea Metabolism in Chinese Liquor Fermentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qun; Lin, Jianchun; Cui, Kaixiang; Du, Rubin; Zhu, Yang; Xu, Yan

    2017-12-20

    Urea is the primary precursor of the carcinogen ethyl carbamate in fermented foods. Understanding urea metabolism is important for controlling ethyl carbamate production. Using Chinese liquor as a model system, we used metatranscriptome analysis to investigate urea metabolism in spontaneous food fermentation processes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was dominant in gene transcription for urea biosynthesis and degradation. Lysinibacillus sphaericus was dominant for urea degradation. S. cerevisiae degraded 18% and L. sphaericus degraded 13% of urea in their corresponding single cultures, whereas they degraded 56% of urea in coculture after 12 h. Compared to single cultures, transcription of CAR1, DAL2, and argA, which are related to urea biosynthesis, decreased by 51, 36, and 69% in coculture, respectively. Transcription of DUR1 and ureA, which are related to urea degradation, increased by 227 and 70%, respectively. Thus, coexistence of the two strains promoted degradation of urea via transcriptional regulation of genes related to urea metabolism.

  10. L’évaluation systématique des instruments pour mesurer la douleur chez les personnes âgées ayant des capacités réduites à communiquer*

    OpenAIRE

    Aubin, Michèle; Giguère, Anik; Hadjistavropoulos, Thomas; Verreault, René

    2007-01-01

    La douleur chronique est souvent sous-détectée et insuffisamment traitée dans les milieux de soins de longue durée. Les outils d’autorapport (ou autoévaluation) de la douleur, comme l’échelle visuelle analogique, n’ont été validés que partiellement chez les populations âgées, en raison de la prévalence élevée de déficits visuels, auditifs, moteurs et cognitifs que l’on y trouve. Des outils d’observation des patients ont été développés pour pallier ces difficultés d’utilisation des échelles d’...

  11. Soigner à l’hôpital : histoire de la profession d’infirmière au Portugal (1886-1955

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena da Silva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Composition du juryMadame Catherine Rollet (Pré-rapportrice, Université de Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,Madame Isabel Dos Guimarães Sá (Pré-rapportrice, Universidade do Minho,Monsieur Jean-Pierre Goubert (directeur de thèse, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris,Madame Margarida Durães (co-directrice de thèse, Universidade do MinhoThèse soutenue le 10 décembre 2010Mention : Très honorable avec félicitations du juryRésuméLe but de ce travail est d’analyser le processu...

  12. THE BAGATELLE GENRE AND ITS REALIZATION IN THE CREATION OF COMPOSER NICOLAE CIOLAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDRONOVICI-RUSU ADELA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper there is an excursion into the history of the bagatelle genre. Initially conceived as a piece of minor importance, with a moderate instrumental-technical aspect that belongs to „easy” pieces for interpretation, the bagatelle dur­ing its evolution, obtained a status of an aphoristic musical genre in which a profound ideative content is essentially conveyed in a laconic, concentrated form. Further are analyzed five Bagatelles for piano written by composer Nicolae Ciolac. The author considers the thematic and architectural problems of the opus, as well as some speciic interpretative peculiarities. In conclu­sion it is affirmed that the analyzed bagatelles represent s group of pieces novel for Moldovan composition that has at its base a logic characteristic of the miniature genre.

  13. Yeast Genomics for Bread, Beer, Biology, Bucks and Breath

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakharkar, Kishore R.; Sakharkar, Meena K.

    The rapid advances and scale up of projects in DNA sequencing dur ing the past two decades have produced complete genome sequences of several eukaryotic species. The versatile genetic malleability of the yeast, and the high degree of conservation between its cellular processes and those of human cells have made it a model of choice for pioneering research in molecular and cell biology. The complete sequence of yeast genome has proven to be extremely useful as a reference towards the sequences of human and for providing systems to explore key gene functions. Yeast has been a ‘legendary model’ for new technologies and gaining new biological insights into basic biological sciences and biotechnology. This chapter describes the awesome power of yeast genetics, genomics and proteomics in understanding of biological function. The applications of yeast as a screening tool to the field of drug discovery and development are highlighted and the traditional importance of yeast for bakers and brewers is discussed.

  14. Transferencia de la Formación Docente Universitaria: estudio de su impacto en los docentes de las facultades de Ingeniería de la Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile)

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Peña, Roxana

    2017-01-01

    Numerosos estudios, la mayoría de ellos de universidades anglófonas y europeas, han examinado la cuestión de cómo medir el impacto de la formación de los profesores (Guskey, 2002, Gibbs y Coffey, Prosser y Rickinson, 2008, Stes, Min-Leliveld, Gijbels y Van Petegem, 2010, Feixas, Durán, Fernández, Fernández y García San Pedro, Márquez et al., 2013). Sin embargo, la falta de evaluación sistemática sigue siendo una preocupación en las universidades latinoamericanas. La evaluación de la formac...

  15. Stasis and Bellum Civile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, Carsten Hjort

    2017-01-01

    David Armitage’s new monograph Civil Wars: A History in Ideas (2017) will undoubtedly long remain a standard reference work. It presents readers with a vision of civil war as part of the longue durée. The argument might be further strengthened, however, if a more inclusive Greco-Roman approach...... to ancient civil war is accepted. This essay focuses on stasis vs. bellum civile, the origins of the concept of civil war, the approach of later Roman writers (such as Appian and Cassius Dio) to the concepts of stasis and bellum civile, and, finally, the question of what makes a civil war a civil war....... Whatever concepts were used, the Romans were not the first to experience internal war as a civil war—that is, a war between the citizens of a polity....

  16. Resistência à corrosão de aços inoxidáveis em solução sintética de condensado de álcool combustível

    OpenAIRE

    Menezes, Marcela Rabelo

    2010-01-01

    A necessidade de atender as exigências impostas por órgãos ambientais no que se refere à emissão de poluentes gasosos e à demanda dos consumidores por veículos mais econômicos e mais duráveis, principalmente no que diz respeito à maior resistência à corrosão, tem promovido pesquisas para a substituição de materiais tradicionais nos sistemas de exaustão de veículos procurando atingir um custo-benefício favorável. Nesse contexto estão inseridos os aços inoxidáveis que têm elevadas resistência m...

  17. Durabilité des structures en béton et robustesse vis-à-vis des actions accidentelles

    OpenAIRE

    TOUTLEMONDE, François; LABORATOIRE CENTRAL DES PONTS ET CHAUSSEES - LCPC

    2007-01-01

    L'expérience du fonctionnement réel des structures en béton existantes, spécialement sous conditions environnementales extrêmes, sous chargement accidentel sévère, ou au bout d'un vieillissement en service de longue durée, fait ressortir la nécessité de mieux intégrer dans la conception de la structure l'objectif de la durabilité, l'enjeu des nouveaux concepts fiabilistes pour une conception en vue de la durabilité, l'intérêt de la spécification performantielle du matériau, l'importance de la...

  18. Hacking the quantum revolution: 1925-1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweber, Silvan S.

    2015-01-01

    I argue that the quantum revolution should be seen as an Ian Hacking type of scientific revolution: a profound, longue durée, multidisciplinary process of transforming our understanding of physical nature, with deep-rooted social components from the start. The "revolution" exhibits a characteristic style of reasoning - the hierarchization of physical nature - and developed and uses a specific language - quantum field theory (QFT). It is by virtue of that language that the quantum theory has achieved some of its deepest insights into the description of the dynamics of the physical world. However, the meaning of what a quantum field theory is and what it describes has deeply altered, and one now speaks of "effective" quantum field theories. Interpreting all present day quantum field theories as but "effective" field theories sheds additional light on Phillip Anderson's assertion that "More is different". This important element is addressed in the last part of the paper.

  19. Analysis of oral narratives of preschool children before and after language stimulation

    OpenAIRE

    Verzolla, Beatriz Lopes Porto; Isotani, Selma Mie [UNIFESP; Perissinoto, Jacy [UNIFESP

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Verificar as habilidades de narrativa oral em pré-escolares, antes e após estimulação de linguagem. MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas narrativas de 58 pré-escolares. O estudo foi desenvolvido em três etapas: 1. Etapa pré-estimulação (Momento 1) - os pré-escolares produziram a primeira narrativa autônoma a partir de uma sequência de figuras e a segunda narrativa autônoma após tutela do adulto; 2. Etapa de estimulação - foi realizada a leitura de histórias infantis em grupo, semanalmente, dur...

  20. Leaking Containers: Success and Failure in Controlling the Mosquito Aedes aegypti in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwy, Ilana

    2017-04-01

    In 1958, the Pan American Health Organization declared that Brazil had successfully eradicated the mosquito Aedes aegypti, responsible for the transmission of yellow fever, dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus. Yet in 2016 the Brazilian minister of health described the situation of dengue fever as "catastrophic." Discussing the recent epidemic of Zika virus, which amplified the crisis produced by the persistence of dengue fever, Brazil's president declared in January 2016 that "we are in the process of losing the war against the mosquito Aedes aegypti." I discuss the reasons for the failure to contain Aedes in Brazil and the consequences of this failure. A longue durée perspective favors a view of the Zika epidemic that does not present it as a health crisis to be contained with a technical solution alone but as a pathology that has the persistence of deeply entrenched structural problems and vulnerabilities.