WorldWideScience

Sample records for general purpose file

  1. General purpose operator interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennion, S. I.

    1979-07-01

    The Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory in Richland, Washington is developing a general-purpose operator interface for controlling set-point driven processes. The interface concept is being developed around graphics display devices with touch-sensitive screens for direct interaction with the displays. Additional devices such as trackballs and keyboards are incorporated for the operator's convenience, but are not necessary for operation. The hardware and software are modular; only those capabilities needed for a particular application need to be used. The software is written in FORTRAN IV with minimal use of operating system calls to increase portability. Several ASCII files generated by the user define displays and correlate the display variables with the process parameters. It is also necessary for the user to build an interface routine which translates the internal graphics commands into device-specific commands. The interface is suited for both continuous flow processes and unit operations. An especially useful feature for controlling unit operations is the ability to generate and execute complex command sequences from ASCII files. This feature relieves operators of many repetitive tasks. 2 figures.

  2. General purpose MDE tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Cueva Lovelle

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available MDE paradigm promises to release developers from writing code. The basis of this paradigm consists in working at such a level of abstraction that will make it easyer for analysts to detail the project to be undertaken. Using the model described by analysts, software tools will do the rest of the task, generating software that will comply with customer's defined requirements. The purpose of this study is to compare general purpose tools available right now that enable to put in practice the principles of this paradigm and aimed at generating a wide variety of applications composed by interactive multimedia and artificial intelligence components.

  3. General Purpose (office) Network reorganisation

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2016-01-01

    On Saturday 27 August, the IT Department’s Communication Systems group will perform a major reorganisation of CERN’s General Purpose Network.   This reorganisation will cause network interruptions on Saturday 27 August (and possibly Sunday 28 August) and will be followed by a change to the IP addresses of connected systems that will come into effect on Monday 3 October. For further details and information about the actions you may need to take, please see: https://information-technology.web.cern.ch/news/general-purpose-office-network-reorganisation.

  4. 78 FR 7718 - Review of the General Purpose Costing System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Parts 1247 and 1248 Review of the General Purpose Costing System... general purpose costing system, the Uniform Railroad Costing System (URCS). Specifically, the Board is..., 2013. ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted either via the Board's e-filing format or in the traditional...

  5. General purpose steam table library :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, John H.; Belcourt, Kenneth Noel; Nourgaliev, Robert

    2013-08-01

    Completion of the CASL L3 milestone THM.CFD.P7.04 provides a general purpose tabular interpolation library for material properties to support, in particular, standardized models for steam properties. The software consists of three parts, implementations of analytic steam models, a code to generate tables from those models, and an interpolation package to interface the tables to CFD codes such as Hydra-TH. Verification of the standard model is maintained through the entire train of routines. The performance of interpolation package exceeds that of freely available analytic implementation of the steam properties by over an order of magnitude.

  6. 12 CFR 1703.31 - General purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General purposes. 1703.31 Section 1703.31 Banks... DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS RELEASE OF INFORMATION Testimony and Production of Documents in... time of employees for their official duties, maintain the impartial position of OFHEO in litigation...

  7. Using general-purpose compression algorithms for music analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Louboutin, Corentin; Meredith, David

    2016-01-01

    General-purpose compression algorithms encode files as dictionaries of substrings with the positions of these strings’ occurrences. We hypothesized that such algorithms could be used for pattern discovery in music. We compared LZ77, LZ78, Burrows–Wheeler and COSIATEC on classifying folk song...... melodies. A novel method was used, combining multiple viewpoints, the k-nearest-neighbour algorithm and a novel distance metric, corpus compression distance. Using single viewpoints, COSIATEC outperformed the general-purpose compressors, with a classification success rate of 85% on this task. However...... in the input data, COSIATEC outperformed LZ77 with a mean F1 score of 0.123, compared with 0.053 for LZ77. However, when the music was processed a voice at a time, the F1 score for LZ77 more than doubled to 0.124. We also discovered a significant correlation between compression factor and F1 score for all...

  8. 20 CFR 30.101 - In general, how is a survivor's claim filed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false In general, how is a survivor's claim filed... Benefits Under Eeoicpa § 30.101 In general, how is a survivor's claim filed? (a) A survivor of an employee... writing. Form EE-2 should be used for this purpose, but any written communication that requests...

  9. General purpose optimization software for engineering design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderplaats, G. N.

    1990-01-01

    The author has developed several general purpose optimization programs over the past twenty years. The earlier programs were developed as research codes and served that purpose reasonably well. However, in taking the formal step from research to industrial application programs, several important lessons have been learned. Among these are the importance of clear documentation, immediate user support, and consistent maintenance. Most important has been the issue of providing software that gives a good, or at least acceptable, design at minimum computational cost. Here, the basic issues developing optimization software for industrial applications are outlined and issues of convergence rate, reliability, and relative minima are discussed. Considerable feedback has been received from users, and new software is being developed to respond to identified needs. The basic capabilities of this software are outlined. A major motivation for the development of commercial grade software is ease of use and flexibility, and these issues are discussed with reference to general multidisciplinary applications. It is concluded that design productivity can be significantly enhanced by the more widespread use of optimization as an everyday design tool.

  10. General purpose fast decoupled power flow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nanda, J.; Bijwe, P.R.; Henry, J.; Bapi Raju, V. (Indian Inst. of Tech., New Delhi (IN). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

    1992-03-01

    A general purpose fast decoupled power flow model (GFDPF) is presented that exhibits more or less best convergence properties for both well-behaved and ill-conditioned systems. In the proposed model, all network shunts such as line charging, external shunts at buses, shunts formed due to {pi} representation of off-nominal in-phase transformers etc. are treated as constant impedance loads. The effect of line resistances is considered while forming the (B') matrix and are ignored in forming the (B'') matrix. This model is tested on several systems for both well-behaved and ill-conditioned situations. A simple, efficient compensation technique is proposed to deal with Q-limit enforcements associated with bus-type switchings at voltage-controlled buses. The results demonstrate that the proposed GFDPF model exhibits more or less stable convergence behaviour for both well-behaved and ill-conditioned situations. (author).

  11. SRAC95; general purpose neutronics code system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okumura, Keisuke; Tsuchihashi, Keichiro [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Kaneko, Kunio

    1996-03-01

    SRAC is a general purpose neutronics code system applicable to core analyses of various types of reactors. Since the publication of JAERI-1302 for the revised SRAC in 1986, a number of additions and modifications have been made for nuclear data libraries and programs. Thus, the new version SRAC95 has been completed. The system consists of six kinds of nuclear data libraries(ENDF/B-IV, -V, -VI, JENDL-2, -3.1, -3.2), five modular codes integrated into SRAC95; collision probability calculation module (PIJ) for 16 types of lattice geometries, Sn transport calculation modules(ANISN, TWOTRAN), diffusion calculation modules(TUD, CITATION) and two optional codes for fuel assembly and core burn-up calculations(newly developed ASMBURN, revised COREBN). In this version, many new functions and data are implemented to support nuclear design studies of advanced reactors, especially for burn-up calculations. SRAC95 is available not only on conventional IBM-compatible computers but also on scalar or vector computers with the UNIX operating system. This report is the SRAC95 users manual which contains general description, contents of revisions, input data requirements, detail information on usage, sample input data and list of available libraries. (author).

  12. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA... Records § 902.57 Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes. (a) Files compiled by the Corporation for law enforcement purposes, including the enforcement of the regulations of the Corporation, are...

  13. 77 FR 18143 - Members of a Family for Purpose of Filing a CBP Family Declaration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    ... Members of a Family for Purpose of Filing a CBP Family Declaration AGENCIES: U.S. Customs and Border... eligible to file a single customs declaration for members of a family traveling together upon arrival in... family residing in one household'' to allow more U.S. returning residents to file a family customs...

  14. Can Universities Profit from General Purpose Inventions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barirani, Ahmad; Beaudry, Catherine; Agard, Bruno

    2017-01-01

    The lack of control over downstream assets can hinder universities’ ability to extract rents from their inventive activities. We explore this possibility by assessing the relationship between invention generality and renewal decisions for a sample of Canadian nanotechnology patents. Our results s...

  15. 47 CFR 32.6124 - General purpose computers expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General purpose computers expense. 32.6124... General purpose computers expense. This account shall include the costs of personnel whose principal job is the physical operation of general purpose computers and the maintenance of operating systems. This...

  16. General English Ability, Specific Purpose English Ability, and Computer Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prapphal, Kanchana

    2003-01-01

    Aims to answer the following research questions: (1) Are general English ability and specific purpose English ability related to computer skills? and (2) Is general English ability transferable to specific purpose English ability? Subjects were third year science students enrolled in an English for academic purposes course. (Author/VWL)

  17. 78 FR 76529 - Members of a Family for Purpose of Filing CBP Family Declaration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... Members of a Family for Purpose of Filing CBP Family Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border... definitions of family members residing in one household. As a result of this expansion, more U.S. returning resident and non-resident visitor families will be eligible to file a single customs declaration, and...

  18. 47 CFR 32.2124 - General purpose computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General purpose computers. 32.2124 Section 32... General purpose computers. (a) This account shall include the original cost of computers and peripheral... cost of computers and their associated peripheral devices associated with switching, network signaling...

  19. 42 CFR 456.141 - Purpose and general description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...: Medical Care Evaluation Studies § 456.141 Purpose and general description. (a) The purpose of medical care evaluation studies is to promote the most effective and efficient use of available health facilities and... care evaluation studies— (1) Emphasize identification and analysis of patterns of patient care; and...

  20. 42 CFR 456.241 - Purpose and general description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Ur Plan: Medical Care Evaluation Studies § 456.241 Purpose and general description. (a) The purpose of medical care evaluation studies is to promote the most effective and efficient use of available... health care. (b) Medical care evaluation studies— (1) Emphasize identification and analysis of...

  1. 7 CFR 249.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SENIOR FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM (SFMNP) General § 249.1 General... carry out the Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP). The purposes of the SFMNP are to:...

  2. 7 CFR 226.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM General § 226.1 General purpose and... Child and Adult Care Food Program. Section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended,...

  3. 76 FR 71019 - Amendment of Inspector General's Operation and Reporting (IGOR) System Investigative Files (EPA-40)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... AGENCY Amendment of Inspector General's Operation and Reporting (IGOR) System Investigative Files (EPA-40... General's Operation and Reporting (IGOR) System Investigative Files (EPA-40) to the Inspector General... The Inspector General's Operation and Reporting (IGOR) System Investigative Files (EPA-40) will...

  4. General-purpose isiZulu speech synthesiser

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Louw, A

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available A general-purpose isiZulu text-to-speech (TTS) system was developed, based on the “Multisyn” unit-selection approach supported by the Festival TTS toolkit. The development involved a number of challenges related to the interface between speech...

  5. How General-Purpose can a GPU be?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Machanick

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of graphics processing units (GPUs in general-purpose computation (GPGPU is a growing field. GPU instruction sets, while implementing a graphics pipeline, draw from a range of single instruction multiple datastream (SIMD architectures characteristic of the heyday of supercomputers. Yet only one of these SIMD instruction sets has been of application on a wide enough range of problems to survive the era when the full range of supercomputer design variants was being explored: vector instructions. This paper proposes a reconceptualization of the GPU as a multicore design with minimal exotic modes of parallelism so as to make GPGPU truly general.

  6. General-Purpose Serial Interface For Remote Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busquets, Anthony M.; Gupton, Lawrence E.

    1990-01-01

    Computer controls remote television camera. General-purpose controller developed to serve as interface between host computer and pan/tilt/zoom/focus functions on series of automated video cameras. Interface port based on 8251 programmable communications-interface circuit configured for tristated outputs, and connects controller system to any host computer with RS-232 input/output (I/O) port. Accepts byte-coded data from host, compares them with prestored codes in read-only memory (ROM), and closes or opens appropriate switches. Six output ports control opening and closing of as many as 48 switches. Operator controls remote television camera by speaking commands, in system including general-purpose controller.

  7. The ATLAS Trigger Algorithms for General Purpose Graphics Processor Units

    CERN Document Server

    Tavares Delgado, Ademar; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The ATLAS Trigger Algorithms for General Purpose Graphics Processor Units Type: Talk Abstract: We present the ATLAS Trigger algorithms developed to exploit General­ Purpose Graphics Processor Units. ATLAS is a particle physics experiment located on the LHC collider at CERN. The ATLAS Trigger system has two levels, hardware-­based Level 1 and the High Level Trigger implemented in software running on a farm of commodity CPU. Performing the trigger event selection within the available farm resources presents a significant challenge that will increase future LHC upgrades. are being evaluated as a potential solution for trigger algorithms acceleration. Key factors determining the potential benefit of this new technology are the relative execution speedup, the number of GPUs required and the relative financial cost of the selected GPU. We have developed a trigger demonstrator which includes algorithms for reconstructing tracks in the Inner Detector and Muon Spectrometer and clusters of energy deposited in the Cal...

  8. General Purpose Multimedia Dataset - GarageBand 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Anders

    This document describes a general purpose multimedia data-set to be used in cross-media machine learning problems. In more detail we describe the genre taxonomy applied at http://www.garageband.com, from where the data-set was collected, and how the taxonomy have been fused into a more human...... understandable taxonomy. Finally, a description of various features extracted from both the audio and text are presented....

  9. PD5: a general purpose library for primer design software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Michael C; Aubrey, Wayne; Young, Michael; Clare, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    Complex PCR applications for large genome-scale projects require fast, reliable and often highly sophisticated primer design software applications. Presently, such applications use pipelining methods to utilise many third party applications and this involves file parsing, interfacing and data conversion, which is slow and prone to error. A fully integrated suite of software tools for primer design would considerably improve the development time, the processing speed, and the reliability of bespoke primer design software applications. The PD5 software library is an open-source collection of classes and utilities, providing a complete collection of software building blocks for primer design and analysis. It is written in object-oriented C(++) with an emphasis on classes suitable for efficient and rapid development of bespoke primer design programs. The modular design of the software library simplifies the development of specific applications and also integration with existing third party software where necessary. We demonstrate several applications created using this software library that have already proved to be effective, but we view the project as a dynamic environment for building primer design software and it is open for future development by the bioinformatics community. Therefore, the PD5 software library is published under the terms of the GNU General Public License, which guarantee access to source-code and allow redistribution and modification. The PD5 software library is downloadable from Google Code and the accompanying Wiki includes instructions and examples: http://code.google.com/p/primer-design.

  10. 29 CFR 4902.11 - Specific exemptions: Office of Inspector General Investigative File System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Investigative File System. 4902.11 Section 4902.11 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION... General Investigative File System. (a) Criminal Law Enforcement. (1) Exemption. Under the authority... Inspector General Investigative File System—PBGC” from the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552a (c)(3), (c)(4),...

  11. A general-purpose optimization program for engineering design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderplaats, G. N.; Sugimoto, H.

    1986-01-01

    A new general-purpose optimization program for engineering design is described. ADS (Automated Design Synthesis) is a FORTRAN program for nonlinear constrained (or unconstrained) function minimization. The optimization process is segmented into three levels: Strategy, Optimizer, and One-dimensional search. At each level, several options are available so that a total of nearly 100 possible combinations can be created. An example of available combinations is the Augmented Lagrange Multiplier method, using the BFGS variable metric unconstrained minimization together with polynomial interpolation for the one-dimensional search.

  12. General-purpose fuzzy controller for dc-dc converters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattavelli, P.; Rossetto, L.; Spiazzi, G.; Tenti, P. [Univ. of Padova (Italy)

    1997-01-01

    In this paper, a general-purpose fuzzy controller for dc-dc converters is investigated. Based on a qualitative description of the system to be controlled, fuzzy controllers are capable of good performances, even for those systems where linear control techniques fail, e.g., when a mathematical description is not available or is in the presence of wide parameter variations. The presented approach is general and can be applied to any dc-dc converter topologies. Controller implementation is relatively simple and can guarantee a small-signal response as fast and stable as other standard regulators and an improved large-signal response. Simulation results of Buck-Boost and Sepic converters show control potentialities.

  13. GENETIC ALGORITHM ON GENERAL PURPOSE GRAPHICS PROCESSING UNIT: PARALLELISM REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J. Umbarkar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Genetic Algorithm (GA is effective and robust method for solving many optimization problems. However, it may take more runs (iterations and time to get optimal solution. The execution time to find the optimal solution also depends upon the niching-technique applied to evolving population. This paper provides the information about how various authors, researchers, scientists have implemented GA on GPGPU (General purpose Graphics Processing Units with and without parallelism. Many problems have been solved on GPGPU using GA. GA is easy to parallelize because of its SIMD nature and therefore can be implemented well on GPGPU. Thus, speedup can definitely be achieved if bottleneck in GAs are identified and implemented effectively on GPGPU. Paper gives review of various applications solved using GAs on GPGPU with the future scope in the area of optimization.

  14. Geographical parthenogenesis: General purpose genotypes and frozen niche variation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vrijenhoek, Robert C.; Parker, Dave

    2009-01-01

    marginal environments to escape competition with their sexual relatives. These ideas often fail to consider the early competitive interactions with immediate sexual ancestors, which shape alternative paths that newly formed clonal lineages might follow. Here we review the history and evidence for two...... hypotheses concerning the evolution of niche breadth in asexual species - the "general-purpose genotype" (GPG) and "frozen niche-variation" (FNV) models. The two models are often portrayed as mutually exclusive, respectively viewing clonal lineages as generalists versus specialists. Nonetheless......, they are complex syllogisms that share common assumptions regarding the likely origins of clonal diversity and the strength of interclonal selection in shaping the ecological breadth of asexual populations. Both models find support in ecological and phylogeographic studies of a wide range of organisms...

  15. SNAP: A General Purpose Network Analysis and Graph Mining Library

    CERN Document Server

    Leskovec, Jure

    2016-01-01

    Large networks are becoming a widely used abstraction for studying complex systems in a broad set of disciplines, ranging from social network analysis to molecular biology and neuroscience. Despite an increasing need to analyze and manipulate large networks, only a limited number of tools are available for this task. Here, we describe Stanford Network Analysis Platform (SNAP), a general-purpose, high-performance system that provides easy to use, high-level operations for analysis and manipulation of large networks. We present SNAP functionality, describe its implementational details, and give performance benchmarks. SNAP has been developed for single big-memory machines and it balances the trade-off between maximum performance, compact in-memory graph representation, and the ability to handle dynamic graphs where nodes and edges are being added or removed over time. SNAP can process massive networks with hundreds of millions of nodes and billions of edges. SNAP offers over 140 different graph algorithms that ...

  16. A Chemical Containment Model for the General Purpose Work Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flippen, Alexis A.; Schmidt, Gregory K.

    1994-01-01

    Contamination control is a critical safety requirement imposed on experiments flying on board the Spacelab. The General Purpose Work Station, a Spacelab support facility used for life sciences space flight experiments, is designed to remove volatile compounds from its internal airpath and thereby minimize contamination of the Spacelab. This is accomplished through the use of a large, multi-stage filter known as the Trace Contaminant Control System. Many experiments planned for the Spacelab require the use of toxic, volatile fixatives in order to preserve specimens prior to postflight analysis. The NASA-Ames Research Center SLS-2 payload, in particular, necessitated the use of several toxic, volatile compounds in order to accomplish the many inflight experiment objectives of this mission. A model was developed based on earlier theories and calculations which provides conservative predictions of the resultant concentrations of these compounds given various spill scenarios. This paper describes the development and application of this model.

  17. General purpose multiplexing device for cryogenic microwave systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Benjamin J.; Moores, Bradley A.; Rosenthal, Eric I.; Kerckhoff, Joseph; Lehnert, K. W.

    2016-05-01

    We introduce and experimentally characterize a general purpose device for signal processing in circuit quantum electrodynamics systems. The device is a broadband two-port microwave circuit element with three modes of operation: it can transmit, reflect, or invert incident signals between 4 and 8 GHz. This property makes it a versatile tool for lossless signal processing at cryogenic temperatures. In particular, rapid switching (≤ 15 ns ) between these operation modes enables several multiplexing readout protocols for superconducting qubits. We report the device's performance in a two-channel code domain multiplexing demonstration. The multiplexed data are recovered with fast readout times (up to 400 ns ) and infidelities ≤ 10-2 for probe powers ≥ 7 fW , in agreement with the expectation for binary signaling with Gaussian noise.

  18. Toward a General-Purpose Heterogeneous Ensemble for Pattern Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loris Nanni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We perform an extensive study of the performance of different classification approaches on twenty-five datasets (fourteen image datasets and eleven UCI data mining datasets. The aim is to find General-Purpose (GP heterogeneous ensembles (requiring little to no parameter tuning that perform competitively across multiple datasets. The state-of-the-art classifiers examined in this study include the support vector machine, Gaussian process classifiers, random subspace of adaboost, random subspace of rotation boosting, and deep learning classifiers. We demonstrate that a heterogeneous ensemble based on the simple fusion by sum rule of different classifiers performs consistently well across all twenty-five datasets. The most important result of our investigation is demonstrating that some very recent approaches, including the heterogeneous ensemble we propose in this paper, are capable of outperforming an SVM classifier (implemented with LibSVM, even when both kernel selection and SVM parameters are carefully tuned for each dataset.

  19. Toward a General-Purpose Heterogeneous Ensemble for Pattern Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanni, Loris; Brahnam, Sheryl; Ghidoni, Stefano; Lumini, Alessandra

    2015-01-01

    We perform an extensive study of the performance of different classification approaches on twenty-five datasets (fourteen image datasets and eleven UCI data mining datasets). The aim is to find General-Purpose (GP) heterogeneous ensembles (requiring little to no parameter tuning) that perform competitively across multiple datasets. The state-of-the-art classifiers examined in this study include the support vector machine, Gaussian process classifiers, random subspace of adaboost, random subspace of rotation boosting, and deep learning classifiers. We demonstrate that a heterogeneous ensemble based on the simple fusion by sum rule of different classifiers performs consistently well across all twenty-five datasets. The most important result of our investigation is demonstrating that some very recent approaches, including the heterogeneous ensemble we propose in this paper, are capable of outperforming an SVM classifier (implemented with LibSVM), even when both kernel selection and SVM parameters are carefully tuned for each dataset.

  20. General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

    CERN Document Server

    Buckley, Andy; Gieseke, Stefan; Grellscheid, David; Hoche, Stefan; Hoeth, Hendrik; Krauss, Frank; Lonnblad, Leif; Nurse, Emily; Richardson, Peter; Schumann, Steffen; Seymour, Michael H; Sjostrand, Torbjorn; Skands, Peter; Webber, Bryan

    2011-01-01

    We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard-scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond-Standard-Model processes. We describe the principal features of the ARIADNE, Herwig++, PYTHIA 8 and SHERPA generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators ...

  1. Using a cognitive architecture for general purpose service robot control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puigbo, Jordi-Ysard; Pumarola, Albert; Angulo, Cecilio; Tellez, Ricardo

    2015-04-01

    A humanoid service robot equipped with a set of simple action skills including navigating, grasping, recognising objects or people, among others, is considered in this paper. By using those skills the robot should complete a voice command expressed in natural language encoding a complex task (defined as the concatenation of a number of those basic skills). As a main feature, no traditional planner has been used to decide skills to be activated, as well as in which sequence. Instead, the SOAR cognitive architecture acts as the reasoner by selecting which action the robot should complete, addressing it towards the goal. Our proposal allows to include new goals for the robot just by adding new skills (without the need to encode new plans). The proposed architecture has been tested on a human-sized humanoid robot, REEM, acting as a general purpose service robot.

  2. 5 CFR 2634.201 - General requirements, filing dates, and extensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EXECUTIVE BRANCH FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE, QUALIFIED TRUSTS, AND CERTIFICATES OF DIVESTITURE Persons Required To File Public Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.201 General requirements, filing dates, and extensions... days shall file a public financial disclosure report containing the information prescribed in subpart...

  3. The purpose of the general practice consultation from the patients perspective - theoretical aspects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsen, Hanne; Witt, Klaus; Malterud, Kirsti

    2001-01-01

    Consultation purposes, general practice, patients´expectations, patients satosfaction, patientcenteredness......Consultation purposes, general practice, patients´expectations, patients satosfaction, patientcenteredness...

  4. Use of general purpose graphics processing units with MODFLOW.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Joseph D; White, Jeremy T

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the use of general-purpose graphics processing units (GPGPUs) to improve the performance of MODFLOW, an unstructured preconditioned conjugate gradient (UPCG) solver has been developed. The UPCG solver uses a compressed sparse row storage scheme and includes Jacobi, zero fill-in incomplete, and modified-incomplete lower-upper (LU) factorization, and generalized least-squares polynomial preconditioners. The UPCG solver also includes options for sequential and parallel solution on the central processing unit (CPU) using OpenMP. For simulations utilizing the GPGPU, all basic linear algebra operations are performed on the GPGPU; memory copies between the central processing unit CPU and GPCPU occur prior to the first iteration of the UPCG solver and after satisfying head and flow criteria or exceeding a maximum number of iterations. The efficiency of the UPCG solver for GPGPU and CPU solutions is benchmarked using simulations of a synthetic, heterogeneous unconfined aquifer with tens of thousands to millions of active grid cells. Testing indicates GPGPU speedups on the order of 2 to 8, relative to the standard MODFLOW preconditioned conjugate gradient (PCG) solver, can be achieved when (1) memory copies between the CPU and GPGPU are optimized, (2) the percentage of time performing memory copies between the CPU and GPGPU is small relative to the calculation time, (3) high-performance GPGPU cards are utilized, and (4) CPU-GPGPU combinations are used to execute sequential operations that are difficult to parallelize. Furthermore, UPCG solver testing indicates GPGPU speedups exceed parallel CPU speedups achieved using OpenMP on multicore CPUs for preconditioners that can be easily parallelized. Published 2013. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  5. General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, Andy [PPE Group, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, EH25 9PN (United Kingdom); Butterworth, Jonathan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Gieseke, Stefan [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Grellscheid, David [Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Hoeche, Stefan [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Hoeth, Hendrik; Krauss, Frank [Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Loennblad, Leif [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University (Sweden); PH Department, TH Unit, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Nurse, Emily [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Richardson, Peter [Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Schumann, Steffen [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Seymour, Michael H. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Sjoestrand, Torbjoern [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University (Sweden); Skands, Peter [PH Department, TH Unit, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Webber, Bryan, E-mail: webber@hep.phy.cam.ac.uk [Cavendish Laboratory, J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2011-07-15

    We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond Standard Model processes. We describe the principal features of the ARIADNE, Herwig++, PYTHIA 8 and SHERPA generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators and tools. This review is aimed at phenomenologists wishing to understand better how parton-level predictions are translated into hadron-level events as well as experimentalists seeking a deeper insight into the tools available for signal and background simulation at the LHC.

  6. High-Speed General Purpose Genetic Algorithm Processor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoseini Alinodehi, Seyed Pourya; Moshfe, Sajjad; Saber Zaeimian, Masoumeh; Khoei, Abdollah; Hadidi, Khairollah

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, an ultrafast steady-state genetic algorithm processor (GAP) is presented. Due to the heavy computational load of genetic algorithms (GAs), they usually take a long time to find optimum solutions. Hardware implementation is a significant approach to overcome the problem by speeding up the GAs procedure. Hence, we designed a digital CMOS implementation of GA in [Formula: see text] process. The proposed processor is not bounded to a specific application. Indeed, it is a general-purpose processor, which is capable of performing optimization in any possible application. Utilizing speed-boosting techniques, such as pipeline scheme, parallel coarse-grained processing, parallel fitness computation, parallel selection of parents, dual-population scheme, and support for pipelined fitness computation, the proposed processor significantly reduces the processing time. Furthermore, by relying on a built-in discard operator the proposed hardware may be used in constrained problems that are very common in control applications. In the proposed design, a large search space is achievable through the bit string length extension of individuals in the genetic population by connecting the 32-bit GAPs. In addition, the proposed processor supports parallel processing, in which the GAs procedure can be run on several connected processors simultaneously.

  7. General-purpose event generators for LHC physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, Andy; /Edinburgh U.; Butterworth, Jonathan; /University Coll. London; Gieseke, Stefan; /Karlsruhe U., ITP; Grellscheid, David; /Durham U., IPPP; Hoche, Stefan; /SLAC; Hoeth, Hendrik; Krauss, Frank; /Durham U., IPPP; Lonnblad, Leif; /Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys. /CERN; Nurse, Emily; /University Coll. London; Richardson, Peter; /Durham U., IPPP; Schumann, Steffen; /Heidelberg U.; Seymour, Michael H.; /Manchester U.; Sjostrand, Torbjorn; /Lund U., Dept. Theor. Phys.; Skands, Peter; /CERN; Webber, Bryan; /Cambridge U.

    2011-03-03

    We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard-scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to approximate treatments of higher orders based on the showering approximation; the parton and dipole shower formulations; parton distribution functions for event generators; non-perturbative aspects such as soft QCD collisions, the underlying event and diffractive processes; the string and cluster models for hadron formation; the treatment of hadron and tau decays; the inclusion of QED radiation and beyond-Standard-Model processes. We describe the principal features of the Ariadne, Herwig++, Pythia 8 and Sherpa generators, together with the Rivet and Professor validation and tuning tools, and discuss the physics philosophy behind the proper use of these generators and tools. This review is aimed at phenomenologists wishing to understand better how parton-level predictions are translated into hadron-level events as well as experimentalists wanting a deeper insight into the tools available for signal and background simulation at the LHC.

  8. Foam A General Purpose Cellular Monte Carlo Event Generator

    CERN Document Server

    Jadach, Stanislaw

    2003-01-01

    A general purpose, self-adapting, Monte Carlo (MC) event generator (simulator) is described. The high efficiency of the MC, that is small maximum weight or variance of the MC weight is achieved by means of dividing the integration domain into small cells. The cells can be $n$-dimensional simplices, hyperrectangles or Cartesian product of them. The grid of cells, called ``foam'', is produced in the process of the binary split of the cells. The choice of the next cell to be divided and the position/direction of the division hyper-plane is driven by the algorithm which optimizes the ratio of the maximum weight to the average weight or (optionally) the total variance. The algorithm is able to deal, in principle, with an arbitrary pattern of the singularities in the distribution. As any MC generator, it can also be used for the MC integration. With the typical personal computer CPU, the program is able to perform adaptive integration/simulation at relatively small number of dimensions ($\\leq 16$). With the continu...

  9. Generalized Fluid System Simulation Program (GFSSP) Version 6 - General Purpose Thermo-Fluid Network Analysis Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumdar, Alok; Leclair, Andre; Moore, Ric; Schallhorn, Paul

    2011-01-01

    GFSSP stands for Generalized Fluid System Simulation Program. It is a general-purpose computer program to compute pressure, temperature and flow distribution in a flow network. GFSSP calculates pressure, temperature, and concentrations at nodes and calculates flow rates through branches. It was primarily developed to analyze Internal Flow Analysis of a Turbopump Transient Flow Analysis of a Propulsion System. GFSSP development started in 1994 with an objective to provide a generalized and easy to use flow analysis tool for thermo-fluid systems.

  10. A survey of experience-based preference of Nickel-Titanium rotary files and incidence of fracture among general dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WooCheol Lee

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives The purpose was to investigate the preference and usage technique of NiTi rotary instruments and to retrieve data on the frequency of re-use and the estimated incidence of file separation in the clinical practice among general dentists. Materials and Methods A survey was disseminated via e-mail and on-site to 673 general dentists. The correlation between the operator's experience or preferred technique and frequency of re-use or incidence of file fracture was assessed. Results A total of 348 dentists (51.7% responded. The most frequently used NiTi instruments was ProFile (39.8% followed by ProTaper. The most preferred preparation technique was crown-down (44.6%. 54.3% of the respondents re-used NiTi files more than 10 times. There was a significant correlation between experience with NiTi files and the number of reuses (p = 0.0025. 54.6% of the respondents estimated experiencing file separation less than 5 times per year. The frequency of separation was significantly correlated with the instrumentation technique (p = 0.0003. Conclusions A large number of general dentists in Korea prefer to re-use NiTi rotary files. As their experience with NiTi files increased, the number of re-uses increased, while the frequency of breakage decreased. Operators who adopt the hybrid technique showed less tendency of separation even with the increased number of re-use.

  11. SNAP: A General Purpose Network Analysis and Graph Mining Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leskovec, Jure; Sosič, Rok

    2016-10-01

    Large networks are becoming a widely used abstraction for studying complex systems in a broad set of disciplines, ranging from social network analysis to molecular biology and neuroscience. Despite an increasing need to analyze and manipulate large networks, only a limited number of tools are available for this task. Here, we describe Stanford Network Analysis Platform (SNAP), a general-purpose, high-performance system that provides easy to use, high-level operations for analysis and manipulation of large networks. We present SNAP functionality, describe its implementational details, and give performance benchmarks. SNAP has been developed for single big-memory machines and it balances the trade-off between maximum performance, compact in-memory graph representation, and the ability to handle dynamic graphs where nodes and edges are being added or removed over time. SNAP can process massive networks with hundreds of millions of nodes and billions of edges. SNAP offers over 140 different graph algorithms that can efficiently manipulate large graphs, calculate structural properties, generate regular and random graphs, and handle attributes and meta-data on nodes and edges. Besides being able to handle large graphs, an additional strength of SNAP is that networks and their attributes are fully dynamic, they can be modified during the computation at low cost. SNAP is provided as an open source library in C++ as well as a module in Python. We also describe the Stanford Large Network Dataset, a set of social and information real-world networks and datasets, which we make publicly available. The collection is a complementary resource to our SNAP software and is widely used for development and benchmarking of graph analytics algorithms.

  12. CLOUDCLOUD : general-purpose instrument monitoring and data managing software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, António; Amorim, António; Tomé, António

    2016-04-01

    An effective experiment is dependent on the ability to store and deliver data and information to all participant parties regardless of their degree of involvement in the specific parts that make the experiment a whole. Having fast, efficient and ubiquitous access to data will increase visibility and discussion, such that the outcome will have already been reviewed several times, strengthening the conclusions. The CLOUD project aims at providing users with a general purpose data acquisition, management and instrument monitoring platform that is fast, easy to use, lightweight and accessible to all participants of an experiment. This work is now implemented in the CLOUD experiment at CERN and will be fully integrated with the experiment as of 2016. Despite being used in an experiment of the scale of CLOUD, this software can also be used in any size of experiment or monitoring station, from single computers to large networks of computers to monitor any sort of instrument output without influencing the individual instrument's DAQ. Instrument data and meta data is stored and accessed via a specially designed database architecture and any type of instrument output is accepted using our continuously growing parsing application. Multiple databases can be used to separate different data taking periods or a single database can be used if for instance an experiment is continuous. A simple web-based application gives the user total control over the monitored instruments and their data, allowing data visualization and download, upload of processed data and the ability to edit existing instruments or add new instruments to the experiment. When in a network, new computers are immediately recognized and added to the system and are able to monitor instruments connected to them. Automatic computer integration is achieved by a locally running python-based parsing agent that communicates with a main server application guaranteeing that all instruments assigned to that computer are

  13. SPIDR, a general-purpose readout system for pixel ASICs

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Heijden, B.; Visser, J.; van Beuzekom, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Kulis, S.; Munneke, B.; Schreuder, F.

    2017-02-01

    The SPIDR (Speedy PIxel Detector Readout) system is a flexible general-purpose readout platform that can be easily adapted to test and characterize new and existing detector readout ASICs. It is originally designed for the readout of pixel ASICs from the Medipix/Timepix family, but other types of ASICs or front-end circuits can be read out as well. The SPIDR system consists of an FPGA board with memory and various communication interfaces, FPGA firmware, CPU subsystem and an API library on the PC . The FPGA firmware can be adapted to read out other ASICs by re-using IP blocks. The available IP blocks include a UDP packet builder, 1 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet MAC's and a "soft core" CPU . Currently the firmware is targeted at the Xilinx VC707 development board and at a custom board called Compact-SPIDR . The firmware can easily be ported to other Xilinx 7 series and ultra scale FPGAs. The gap between an ASIC and the data acquisition back-end is bridged by the SPIDR system. Using the high pin count VITA 57 FPGA Mezzanine Card (FMC) connector only a simple chip carrier PCB is required. A 1 and a 10 Gigabit Ethernet interface handle the connection to the back-end. These can be used simultaneously for high-speed data and configuration over separate channels. In addition to the FMC connector, configurable inputs and outputs are available for synchronization with other detectors. A high resolution (≈ 27 ps bin size) Time to Digital converter is provided for time stamping events in the detector. The SPIDR system is frequently used as readout for the Medipix3 and Timepix3 ASICs. Using the 10 Gigabit Ethernet interface it is possible to read out a single chip at full bandwidth or up to 12 chips at a reduced rate. Another recent application is the test-bed for the VeloPix ASIC, which is developed for the Vertex Detector of the LHCb experiment. In this case the SPIDR system processes the 20 Gbps scrambled data stream from the VeloPix and distributes it over four 10 Gigabit

  14. General Economic Equilibrium: Purpose, Analytic Techniques, Collective Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The lecture is designed to survey modern development of the theory of general equilibrium in a competitive economy and its role in the allocation of...by an evaluation of the needs for further development. The differing general equilibrium tradition in the German-language literature is summarized.

  15. ArrayD: A general purpose software for Microarray design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma Vineet K

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray is a high-throughput technology to study expression of thousands of genes in parallel. A critical aspect of microarray production is the design aimed at space optimization while maximizing the number of gene probes and their replicates to be spotted. Results We have developed a software called 'ArrayD' that offers various alternative design solutions for an array given a set of user requirements. The user feeds the following inputs: type of source plates to be used, number of gene probes to be printed, number of replicates and number of pins to be used for printing. The solutions are stored in a text file. The choice of a design solution to be used will be governed by the spotting chemistry to be used and the accuracy of the robot. Conclusions ArrayD is a software for standard cartesian robots. The software aids users in preparing a judicious and elegant design. ArrayD is universally applicable and is available at http://www.igib.res.in/scientists/arrayd/arrayd.html.

  16. RoboCon: A general purpose telerobotic control center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Draper, J.V.; Noakes, M.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Robotics and Process Systems Div.; Schempf, H. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Blair, L.M. [Human Machine Interfaces, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1997-02-01

    This report describes human factors issues involved in the design of RoboCon, a multi-purpose control center for use in US Department of Energy remote handling applications. RoboCon is intended to be a flexible, modular control center capable of supporting a wide variety of robotic devices.

  17. SOME GENERAL ASPECTS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The teaching of English for Specific Purposes has been in existence for over 30 years,and has beenprominence for more than 20 years,and is still in the ascendant.ESP teaching accounts for a consider-able proportion of the teaching of English as a foreign language in China.It is therefore necessary forus Chinese teacher s to know more about ESP.

  18. 7 CFR 248.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) or are on the waiting list... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS WIC FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM (FMNP) General § 248.1...

  19. 7 CFR 1940.551 - Purpose and general policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS...) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GENERAL Methodology and Formulas for Allocation of Loan and Grant Program... methodology and formulas by which the Administrator of the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) or its successor...

  20. 5 CFR 2634.903 - General requirements, filing dates, and extensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EXECUTIVE BRANCH FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE, QUALIFIED TRUSTS, AND CERTIFICATES OF DIVESTITURE Confidential Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.903 General requirements, filing dates, and extensions. (a) Incumbents... days in the twelve-month period, then a confidential financial disclosure report must be filed...

  1. Generalized File Management Systems: Their Implication for a California Junior College Data Base System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedrick, Robert John

    Criteria to use in evaluating data processing efficiency, factors of file and record definitions, convenience of use for non-programmers, report generating capabilities, and customer support for generalized file management systems for use by the California junior colleges are indicated by the author. The purchase of such a system at the state…

  2. GASP: A general-purpose program for environmental alpha spectra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, A.M.; Tome, F.V.; Vargas, M.J. (Dept. de Fisica, Univ. de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain))

    1992-02-01

    A computer program to study general environmental alpha-particle emission spectra obtained by using semiconductor detectors is described. Each alpha-emitting nuclide is analysed following a method which is suited to its case. Low-energy tail and branching-ratio corrections are included so that the area corresponding to each nuclide in the spectrum is obtained separately. Calculations are not iterative, and so the program is economic in its use of computer time and memory. (orig.).

  3. General Purpose Segmentation for Microorganisms in Microscopy Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Sebastian H. Nesgaard; Moeslund, Thomas B.; Rankl, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an approach for achieving generalized segmentation of microorganisms in mi- croscopy images. It employs a pixel-wise classification strategy based on local features. Multilayer percep- trons are utilized for classification of the local features and is trained for each...... specific segmentation problem using supervised learning. This approach was tested on five different segmentation problems in bright field, differential interference contrast, fluorescence and laser confocal scanning microscopy. In all instance good results were achieved with the segmentation quality...

  4. Recent technical advances in general purpose mobile Satcom aviation terminals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sydor, John T.

    A second general aviation amplitude companded single sideband (ACSSB) aeronautical terminal was developed for use with the Ontario Air Ambulance Service (OAAS). This terminal is designed to have automatic call set up and take down and to interface with the Public Service Telephone Network (PSTN) through a ground earth station hub controller. The terminal has integrated RF and microprocessor hardware which allows such functions as beam steering and automatic frequency control to be software controlled. The terminal uses a conformal patch array system to provide almost full azimuthal coverage. Antenna beam steering is executed without relying on aircraft supplied orientation information.

  5. Recent technical advances in general purpose mobile Satcom aviation terminals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sydor, John T.

    1990-01-01

    A second general aviation amplitude companded single sideband (ACSSB) aeronautical terminal was developed for use with the Ontario Air Ambulance Service (OAAS). This terminal is designed to have automatic call set up and take down and to interface with the Public Service Telephone Network (PSTN) through a ground earth station hub controller. The terminal has integrated RF and microprocessor hardware which allows such functions as beam steering and automatic frequency control to be software controlled. The terminal uses a conformal patch array system to provide almost full azimuthal coverage. Antenna beam steering is executed without relying on aircraft supplied orientation information.

  6. General purpose flow solver applied to flow over hills

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soerensen, N.N.

    1995-09-01

    The present report describes the development a 2D and 3D finite-volume code in general curvilinear coordinates using the Basis 2D/3D platform by Michelsen. The codes are based on the Reynolds averaged incompressible isothermal Navier-Stokes equations and use primitive variables (U, V, W and P). The turbulence is modelled by the high Reynolds number {kappa} - {epsilon} model. Cartesian velocity components are used in a non-staggered arrangement following the methodology of Rhie. The equation system is solved using the SIMPLE method of Patankar and Spalding. Solution of the transport equations is obtained by a successive application of a TDMA solver in alternating direction. The solution of the pressure correction equation is accelerated using the multigrid tools from the Basis 2D/3D platform. Additionally a three-level grid sequence is implemented in order to minimize the overall solution time. Higher-order schemes (SUDS and QUICK) are implemented as explicit corrections to a first-order upwind difference scheme. In both the 2D and the 3D code it is possible to handle multiblock configurations. This feature is added in order to obtain a greater geometric flexibility. To mesh natural terrain in connection with atmospheric flow over complex terrain, a two- and a three-dimensional hyperbolic mesh generator are constructed. Additionally, a two- and a three-dimensional mesh generator based on a simple version of the transfinite interpolation technique are implemented. Several two-dimensional test cases are calculated e.g. laminar flow over a circular cylinder, turbulent channel flow, and turbulent flow over a backward facing step, all with satisfying results. In order to illustrate the application of the codes to atmospheric flow two cases are calculated, flow over a cube in a thick turbulent boundary-layer, and the atmospheric flow over the Askervein hill. (au) 13 tabs., 75 ills., 66 refs.

  7. 76 FR 34590 - Bankruptcy Filing Date Treated as Plan Termination Date for Certain Purposes; Guaranteed Benefits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... nonforfeitable as of the bankruptcy filing date are guaranteed. Thus, for example, early retirement subsidies and... guaranteed. Participants who retired under a subsidized early retirement benefit (or a disability or other... retirement benefit or an early retirement subsidy after the bankruptcy filing date but before the...

  8. A Comprehensive Toolset for General-Purpose Private Computing and Outsourcing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-08

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2016-0368 A COMPREHENSIVE TOOLSET FOR GENERAL-PURPOSE PRIVATE COMPUTING AND OUTSOURCING Marina Blanton UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME DU...2013 to 31 Aug 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A COMPREHENSIVE TOOLSET FOR GENERAL-PURPOSE PRIVATE COMPUTING AND OUTSOURCING 5a.  CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...necessary tools and techniques for supporting general-purpose secure computation and outsourcing . The three main thrusts of the project are: (i

  9. A General-Purpose Optimization Engine for Multi-Disciplinary Design Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patnaik, Surya N.; Hopkins, Dale A.; Berke, Laszlo

    1996-01-01

    A general purpose optimization tool for multidisciplinary applications, which in the literature is known as COMETBOARDS, is being developed at NASA Lewis Research Center. The modular organization of COMETBOARDS includes several analyzers and state-of-the-art optimization algorithms along with their cascading strategy. The code structure allows quick integration of new analyzers and optimizers. The COMETBOARDS code reads input information from a number of data files, formulates a design as a set of multidisciplinary nonlinear programming problems, and then solves the resulting problems. COMETBOARDS can be used to solve a large problem which can be defined through multiple disciplines, each of which can be further broken down into several subproblems. Alternatively, a small portion of a large problem can be optimized in an effort to improve an existing system. Some of the other unique features of COMETBOARDS include design variable formulation, constraint formulation, subproblem coupling strategy, global scaling technique, analysis approximation, use of either sequential or parallel computational modes, and so forth. The special features and unique strengths of COMETBOARDS assist convergence and reduce the amount of CPU time used to solve the difficult optimization problems of aerospace industries. COMETBOARDS has been successfully used to solve a number of problems, including structural design of space station components, design of nozzle components of an air-breathing engine, configuration design of subsonic and supersonic aircraft, mixed flow turbofan engines, wave rotor topped engines, and so forth. This paper introduces the COMETBOARDS design tool and its versatility, which is illustrated by citing examples from structures, aircraft design, and air-breathing propulsion engine design.

  10. A General-purpose Framework for Parallel Processing of Large-scale LiDAR Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z.; Hodgson, M.; Li, W.

    2016-12-01

    Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technologies have proven efficiency to quickly obtain very detailed Earth surface data for a large spatial extent. Such data is important for scientific discoveries such as Earth and ecological sciences and natural disasters and environmental applications. However, handling LiDAR data poses grand geoprocessing challenges due to data intensity and computational intensity. Previous studies received notable success on parallel processing of LiDAR data to these challenges. However, these studies either relied on high performance computers and specialized hardware (GPUs) or focused mostly on finding customized solutions for some specific algorithms. We developed a general-purpose scalable framework coupled with sophisticated data decomposition and parallelization strategy to efficiently handle big LiDAR data. Specifically, 1) a tile-based spatial index is proposed to manage big LiDAR data in the scalable and fault-tolerable Hadoop distributed file system, 2) two spatial decomposition techniques are developed to enable efficient parallelization of different types of LiDAR processing tasks, and 3) by coupling existing LiDAR processing tools with Hadoop, this framework is able to conduct a variety of LiDAR data processing tasks in parallel in a highly scalable distributed computing environment. The performance and scalability of the framework is evaluated with a series of experiments conducted on a real LiDAR dataset using a proof-of-concept prototype system. The results show that the proposed framework 1) is able to handle massive LiDAR data more efficiently than standalone tools; and 2) provides almost linear scalability in terms of either increased workload (data volume) or increased computing nodes with both spatial decomposition strategies. We believe that the proposed framework provides valuable references on developing a collaborative cyberinfrastructure for processing big earth science data in a highly scalable environment.

  11. 43 CFR 44.56 - How does a unit of general local government file a protest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS State and Local Governments' Responsibilities After the Department Distributes Payments § 44.56 How does a unit of general local government file a protest? The protesting local... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does a unit of general...

  12. 78 FR 65300 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ...: Federal Docket Management System Office, 4800 Mark Center Drive, East Tower, 2nd floor, Suite 02G09... of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information... Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center at Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin,...

  13. 24 CFR 990.310 - Purpose-General policy on financial management, monitoring and reporting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Management Systems, Monitoring, and Reporting § 990.310 Purpose—General policy on financial management, monitoring and reporting. All PHA financial management systems, reporting, and monitoring of program... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose-General policy on...

  14. 21 CFR 1240.80 - General requirements for water for drinking and culinary purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General requirements for water for drinking and... DRUG ADMINISTRATION CONTROL OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Source and Use of Potable Water § 1240.80 General requirements for water for drinking and culinary purposes. Only potable water shall be provided for...

  15. Apple-CORE: harnessing general-purpose many-cores with hardware concurrency management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poss, R.; Lankamp, M.; Yang, Q.; Fu, J.; van Tol, M.W.; Uddin, I.; Jesshope, C.

    2013-01-01

    To harness the potential of CMPs for scalable, energy-efficient performance in general-purpose computers, the Apple-CORE project has co-designed a general machine model and concurrency control interface with dedicated hardware support for concurrency management across multiple cores. Its SVP interfa

  16. GAFit: A general-purpose, user-friendly program for fitting potential energy surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Fernández, Roberto; Pereira, Francisco B.; Marques, Jorge M. C.; Martínez-Núñez, Emilio; Vázquez, Saulo A.

    2017-08-01

    We have developed a software package based on a genetic algorithm that fits an analytic function to a given set of data points. The code, called GAFit, was also interfaced with the CHARMM and MOPAC programs in order to facilitate force field parameterizations and fittings of specific reaction parameters (SRP) for semiempirical Hamiltonians. The present tool may be applied to a wide range of fitting problems, though it has been especially designed to significantly reduce the hard work involved in the development of potential energy surfaces for complex systems. For this purpose, it has been equipped with several programs to help the user in the preparation of the input files. We showcase the application of the computational tool to several chemical-relevant problems: force-field parameterization, with emphasis on nonbonded energy terms or intermolecular potentials, derivation of SRP for semiempirical Hamiltonians, and fittings of generic analytical functions.

  17. Design of low-cost general purpose microcontroller based neuromuscular stimulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koçer, S; Rahmi Canal, M; Güler, I

    2000-04-01

    In this study, a general purpose, low-cost, programmable, portable and high performance stimulator is designed and implemented. For this purpose, a microcontroller is used in the design of the stimulator. The duty cycle and amplitude of the designed system can be controlled using a keyboard. The performance test of the system has shown that the results are reliable. The overall system can be used as the neuromuscular stimulator under safe conditions.

  18. An Investigation of Learning Transfer in English-for-General-Academic-Purposes Writing Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Mark Andrew

    2010-01-01

    This case study involved a detailed examination of learning transfer from an English-for-general-academic-purposes writing course to tasks that involve writing in other academic courses. Data were gathered over one academic year from 11 students enrolled in the writing course. These students participated in a series of interviews and provided…

  19. A general purpose exact Rayleigh scattering look-up table for ocean color remote sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The current exact Rayleigh scattering calculation of ocean color remote sensing uses the look-up table (LUT), which is usually created for a special remote sensor and cannot be applied to other sensors. For practical application, a general purpose Rayleigh scattering LUT which can be applied to all ocean color remote sensors is generated. An adding-doubling method to solve the vector radiative transfer equation in the plane-parallel atmosphere is deduced in detail. Compared with the exact Rayleigh scattering radiance derived from the MODIS exact Rayleigh scattering LUT, it is proved that the relative error of Rayleigh scattering calculation with the adding-doubling method is less than 0.25%, which meets the required accuracy of the atmospheric correction of ocean color remote sensing. Therefore,the adding-doubling method can be used to generate the exact Rayleigh scattering LUT for the ocean color remote sensors. Finally, the general purpose exact Rayleigh scattering LUT is generated using the adding-doubling method. On the basis of the general purpose LUT, the calculated Rayleigh scattering radiance is tested by comparing with the LUTs of MODIS, SeaWiFS and the other ocean color sensors, showing that the relative errors are all less than 0.5%, and this general purpose LUT can be applied to all ocean color remote sensors.

  20. Implementing the 2-D Wavelet Transform on SIMD-Enhanced General-Purpose Processors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shahbahrami, A.; Juurlink, B.; Vassiliadis, S.

    2008-01-01

    The 2-D Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) consumes up to 68% of the JPEG2000 encoding time. In this paper, we develop efficient implementations of this important kernel on general-purpose processors (GPPs), in particular the Pentium 4 (P4). Efficient implementations of the 2-D DWT on the P4 must addr

  1. JETSET: Physics at LEAR with an Internal Gas Jet Target and an Advanced General Purpose Detector

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    This experiment involves an internal gas cluster jet target surrounded by a compact general-purpose detector. The LEAR beam and internal jet target provide several important experimental features: high luminosity $ ( 10 ^{3} ^0 $ cm$^- ^{2} $ sec$^- ^{1} ) $, excellent mass resolution ($\\Delta

  2. 21 CFR 862.2050 - General purpose laboratory equipment labeled or promoted for a specific medical use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General purpose laboratory equipment labeled or... TOXICOLOGY DEVICES Clinical Laboratory Instruments § 862.2050 General purpose laboratory equipment labeled or promoted for a specific medical use. (a) Identification. General purpose laboratory equipment labeled...

  3. Real-time radar signal processing using GPGPU (general-purpose graphic processing unit)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Fanxing; Zhang, Yan Rockee; Cai, Jingxiao; Palmer, Robert D.

    2016-05-01

    This study introduces a practical approach to develop real-time signal processing chain for general phased array radar on NVIDIA GPUs(Graphical Processing Units) using CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) libraries such as cuBlas and cuFFT, which are adopted from open source libraries and optimized for the NVIDIA GPUs. The processed results are rigorously verified against those from the CPUs. Performance benchmarked in computation time with various input data cube sizes are compared across GPUs and CPUs. Through the analysis, it will be demonstrated that GPGPUs (General Purpose GPU) real-time processing of the array radar data is possible with relatively low-cost commercial GPUs.

  4. General Purpose Satellites: a concept for affordable low earth orbit vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Boyd, Austin W.; Fuhs, Allen E.

    1997-01-01

    A general purpose satellite has been designed which will be launched from the Space Shuttle using a NASA Get-Away-Special (GAS) canister. The design is based upon the use of a new extended GAS canister and a low profile launch mechanism. The satellite is cylindrical. measuring 19 inches in diameter and 35 inches long. The maximum vehicle weight is 250 pounds, of which 50 pounds is dedicated to user payloads. The remaining 200 pounds encompasses the satellite structure and support ...

  5. Comparison of progressive addition lenses for general purpose and for computer vision: an office field study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaschinski, Wolfgang; König, Mirjam; Mekontso, Tiofil M; Ohlendorf, Arne; Welscher, Monique

    2015-05-01

    Two types of progressive addition lenses (PALs) were compared in an office field study: 1. General purpose PALs with continuous clear vision between infinity and near reading distances and 2. Computer vision PALs with a wider zone of clear vision at the monitor and in near vision but no clear distance vision. Twenty-three presbyopic participants wore each type of lens for two weeks in a double-masked four-week quasi-experimental procedure that included an adaptation phase (Weeks 1 and 2) and a test phase (Weeks 3 and 4). Questionnaires on visual and musculoskeletal conditions as well as preferences regarding the type of lenses were administered. After eight more weeks of free use of the spectacles, the preferences were assessed again. The ergonomic conditions were analysed from photographs. Head inclination when looking at the monitor was significantly lower by 2.3 degrees with the computer vision PALs than with the general purpose PALs. Vision at the monitor was judged significantly better with computer PALs, while distance vision was judged better with general purpose PALs; however, the reported advantage of computer vision PALs differed in extent between participants. Accordingly, 61 per cent of the participants preferred the computer vision PALs, when asked without information about lens design. After full information about lens characteristics and additional eight weeks of free spectacle use, 44 per cent preferred the computer vision PALs. On average, computer vision PALs were rated significantly better with respect to vision at the monitor during the experimental part of the study. In the final forced-choice ratings, approximately half of the participants preferred either the computer vision PAL or the general purpose PAL. Individual factors seem to play a role in this preference and in the rated advantage of computer vision PALs. © 2015 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Optometry © 2015 Optometry Australia.

  6. 15 CFR 30.2 - General requirements for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... standards applicable to AES and AESDirect submissions.) (1) Submission of an electronic AES Participant Application (APA) for AES filing or submission of an online registration for filing through...

  7. An Assessment of Ada’s Suitability in General Purpose Programming Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    LIBFILE, ITEM => BOOK, TO => 1); BOOK.NEXTBOOK :=POSITIVE’last; BOOK.AUTHOR : TOLSTOY, COUNT LEO " BOOK.TITLE :" ANNA KARENINA BOOK.CALL NUMBER 10... ANNA KARENINA TOLSTOY, COUNT LEO END OF LIBRARY FILE TYPE I TO INSERT, D TO DELETE, OR V TO VIEW FILE, OR F TO FINISH:I TYPE THE NAME OF THE BOOK: JON...VIEW FILE, OR F TO FINISH:V WAR AND PEACE TOLSTOY, COUNT LEO 5 JOE MAMA JOE DADDY 7 ANNA KARENINA TOLSTOY, COUNT LEO 10 JOE DADDY JOE MAMA 15 END OF

  8. Informatics application for a general file management; Aplicacion informatica para la gestion de un registro general

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Botija, L.

    1988-07-01

    It makes easier the mechanization of a General Fill for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)

  9. Literature Review: Weldability of Iridium DOP-26 Alloy for General Purpose Heat Source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burgardt, Paul [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Pierce, Stanley W. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-10-19

    The basic purpose of this paper is to provide a literature review relative to fabrication of the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) that is used to provide electrical power for deep space missions of NASA. The particular fabrication operation to be addressed here is arc welding of the GPHS encapsulation. A considerable effort was made to optimize the fabrication of the fuel pellets and of other elements of the encapsulation; that work will not be directly addressed in this paper. This report consists of three basic sections: 1) a brief description of the GPHS will be provided as background information for the reader; 2) mechanical properties and the optimization thereof as relevant to welding will be discussed; 3) a review of the arc welding process development and optimization will be presented. Since the welding equipment must be upgraded for future production, some discussion of the historical establishment of relevant welding variables and possible changes thereto will also be discussed.

  10. General purpose pulse shape analysis for fast scintillators implemented in digital readout electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asztalos, Stephen J.; Hennig, Wolfgang; Warburton, William K.

    2016-01-01

    Pulse shape discrimination applied to certain fast scintillators is usually performed offline. In sufficiently high-event rate environments data transfer and storage become problematic, which suggests a different analysis approach. In response, we have implemented a general purpose pulse shape analysis algorithm in the XIA Pixie-500 and Pixie-500 Express digital spectrometers. In this implementation waveforms are processed in real time, reducing the pulse characteristics to a few pulse shape analysis parameters and eliminating time-consuming waveform transfer and storage. We discuss implementation of these features, their advantages, necessary trade-offs and performance. Measurements from bench top and experimental setups using fast scintillators and XIA processors are presented.

  11. Development of a Real-Time General-Purpose Digital Signal Processing Laboratory System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    for AF/LE computer support (receiving the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal for his performance) and ,I as a White House Social Aide. He entered AFIT...8217 " ’"".i2" ",. , , ,: ., 2 22 : Abstract This investigation resulted in the design and implementation of software to support a real-time, general...purpose digital signal processing (DSP) system. The major design aims for the system were that it: be easy to use, support a wide variety of DSP

  12. Knowledge Management Systems as an Interdisciplinary Communication and Personalized General-Purpose Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Schmitt

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available As drivers of human civilization, Knowledge Management (KM processes have co-evolved in line with General-Purpose-Technologies (GPT, such as writing, printing, and information and communication systems. As evidenced by the recent shift from information scarcity to abundance, GPTs are capable of drastically altering societies due to their game-changing impact on our spheres of work and personal development. This paper looks at the prospect of whether a novel Personal Knowledge Management (PKM concept supported by a prototype system has got what it takes to grow into a transformative General-Purpose-Technology. Following up on a series of papers, the KM scenario of a decentralizing revolution where individuals and self-organized groups yield more power and autonomy is examined according to a GPT's essential characteristics, including a wide scope for improvement and elaboration (in people's private, professional and societal life, applicability across a broad range of uses in a wide variety of products and processes (in multi-disciplinary educational and work contexts, and strong complementarities with existing or potential new technologies (like organizational KM Systems and a proposed World Heritage of Memes Repository. The result portrays the PKM concept as a strong candidate due to its personal, autonomous, bottom-up, collaborative, interdisciplinary, and creativity-supporting approach destined to advance the availability, quantity, and quality of the world extelligence and to allow for a wider sharing and faster diffusion of ideas across current disciplinary and opportunity divides.

  13. General Purpose Data-Driven Online System Health Monitoring with Applications to Space Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iverson, David L.; Spirkovska, Lilly; Schwabacher, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Modern space transportation and ground support system designs are becoming increasingly sophisticated and complex. Determining the health state of these systems using traditional parameter limit checking, or model-based or rule-based methods is becoming more difficult as the number of sensors and component interactions grows. Data-driven monitoring techniques have been developed to address these issues by analyzing system operations data to automatically characterize normal system behavior. System health can be monitored by comparing real-time operating data with these nominal characterizations, providing detection of anomalous data signatures indicative of system faults, failures, or precursors of significant failures. The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a general purpose, data-driven system health monitoring software tool that has been successfully applied to several aerospace applications and is under evaluation for anomaly detection in vehicle and ground equipment for next generation launch systems. After an introduction to IMS application development, we discuss these NASA online monitoring applications, including the integration of IMS with complementary model-based and rule-based methods. Although the examples presented in this paper are from space operations applications, IMS is a general-purpose health-monitoring tool that is also applicable to power generation and transmission system monitoring.

  14. General-purpose and dedicated regimes in the use of telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    Lamy, Jerome

    2009-01-01

    We propose a sociohistorical framework for better understanding the evolution in the use of telescopes. We define two regimes of use : a general-purpose (or survey) one, where the telescope governs research, and a dedicated one, in which the telescope is tailored to a specific project which includes a network of other tools. This conceptual framework is first applied to the history of the 80-cm telescope of Toulouse Observatory, which is initially anchored in a general-purpose regime linked to astrometry. After a transition in the 1930s, it is integrated in a dedicated regime centered on astrophysics. This evolution is compared to that of a very similar instrument, the 80-cm telescope of Marseille Observatory, which converts early on to the dedicated regime with the Fabry-Perot interferometer around 1910, and, after a period of idleness, is again used in the survey mode after WWII. To further validate our new concept, we apply it to the telescopes of Washburn Observatory, of Dominion Astrophysical Observatory...

  15. Neural Networks for Computer Vision: A Framework for Specifications of a General Purpose Vision System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrzypek, Josef; Mesrobian, Edmond; Gungner, David J.

    1989-03-01

    The development of autonomous land vehicles (ALV) capable of operating in an unconstrained environment has proven to be a formidable research effort. The unpredictability of events in such an environment calls for the design of a robust perceptual system, an impossible task requiring the programming of a system bases on the expectation of future, unconstrained events. Hence, the need for a "general purpose" machine vision system that is capable of perceiving and understanding images in an unconstrained environment in real-time. The research undertaken at the UCLA Machine Perception Laboratory addresses this need by focusing on two specific issues: 1) the long term goals for machine vision research as a joint effort between the neurosciences and computer science; and 2) a framework for evaluating progress in machine vision. In the past, vision research has been carried out independently within different fields including neurosciences, psychology, computer science, and electrical engineering. Our interdisciplinary approach to vision research is based on the rigorous combination of computational neuroscience, as derived from neurophysiology and neuropsychology, with computer science and electrical engineering. The primary motivation behind our approach is that the human visual system is the only existing example of a "general purpose" vision system and using a neurally based computing substrate, it can complete all necessary visual tasks in real-time.

  16. An evaluation of alternate production methods for Pu-238 general purpose heat source pellets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark Borland; Steve Frank

    2009-06-01

    For the past half century, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has used Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG) to power deep space satellites. Fabricating heat sources for RTGs, specifically General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHSs), has remained essentially unchanged since their development in the 1970s. Meanwhile, 30 years of technological advancements have been made in the applicable fields of chemistry, manufacturing and control systems. This paper evaluates alternative processes that could be used to produce Pu 238 fueled heat sources. Specifically, this paper discusses the production of the plutonium-oxide granules, which are the input stream to the ceramic pressing and sintering processes. Alternate chemical processes are compared to current methods to determine if alternative fabrication processes could reduce the hazards, especially the production of respirable fines, while producing an equivalent GPHS product.

  17. General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit Based High-Rate Rice Decompression and Reed-Solomon Decoding.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loughry, Thomas A.

    2015-02-01

    As the volume of data acquired by space-based sensors increases, mission data compression/decompression and forward error correction code processing performance must likewise scale. This competency development effort was explored using the General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit (GPGPU) to accomplish high-rate Rice Decompression and high-rate Reed-Solomon (RS) decoding at the satellite mission ground station. Each algorithm was implemented and benchmarked on a single GPGPU. Distributed processing across one to four GPGPUs was also investigated. The results show that the GPGPU has considerable potential for performing satellite communication Data Signal Processing, with three times or better performance improvements and up to ten times reduction in cost over custom hardware, at least in the case of Rice Decompression and Reed-Solomon Decoding.

  18. Real-time traffic sign recognition based on a general purpose GPU and deep-learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Yongwon; Choi, Yeongwoo; Byun, Hyeran

    2017-01-01

    We present a General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit (GPGPU) based real-time traffic sign detection and recognition method that is robust against illumination changes. There have been many approaches to traffic sign recognition in various research fields; however, previous approaches faced several limitations when under low illumination or wide variance of light conditions. To overcome these drawbacks and improve processing speeds, we propose a method that 1) is robust against illumination changes, 2) uses GPGPU-based real-time traffic sign detection, and 3) performs region detecting and recognition using a hierarchical model. This method produces stable results in low illumination environments. Both detection and hierarchical recognition are performed in real-time, and the proposed method achieves 0.97 F1-score on our collective dataset, which uses the Vienna convention traffic rules (Germany and South Korea). PMID:28264011

  19. Simrank: Rapid and sensitive general-purpose k-mer search tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeSantis, T.Z.; Keller, K.; Karaoz, U.; Alekseyenko, A.V; Singh, N.N.S.; Brodie, E.L; Pei, Z.; Andersen, G.L; Larsen, N.

    2011-04-01

    Terabyte-scale collections of string-encoded data are expected from consortia efforts such as the Human Microbiome Project (http://nihroadmap.nih.gov/hmp). Intra- and inter-project data similarity searches are enabled by rapid k-mer matching strategies. Software applications for sequence database partitioning, guide tree estimation, molecular classification and alignment acceleration have benefited from embedded k-mer searches as sub-routines. However, a rapid, general-purpose, open-source, flexible, stand-alone k-mer tool has not been available. Here we present a stand-alone utility, Simrank, which allows users to rapidly identify database strings the most similar to query strings. Performance testing of Simrank and related tools against DNA, RNA, protein and human-languages found Simrank 10X to 928X faster depending on the dataset. Simrank provides molecular ecologists with a high-throughput, open source choice for comparing large sequence sets to find similarity.

  20. Developing wearable bio-feedback systems: a general-purpose platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Luigi; Babiloni, Fabio; Cincotti, Febo; Arrivas, Marco; Bollero, Patrizio; Marciani, Maria Grazia

    2003-06-01

    Microprocessors, even those in PocketPCs, have adequate power for many real-time biofeedback applications for disabled people. This power allows design of portable or wearable devices that are smaller and lighter, and that have longer battery life compared to notebook-based systems. In this paper, we discuss a general-purpose hardware/software solution based on industrial or consumer devices and a C++ framework. Its flexibility and modularity make it adaptable to a wide range of situations. Moreover, its design minimizes system requirements and programming effort, thus allowing efficient systems to be built quickly and easily. Our design has been used to build two brain computer interface systems that were easily ported from the Win32 platform.

  1. Upgrade of the Cellular General Purpose Monte Carlo Tool FOAM to version 2.06

    CERN Document Server

    Jadach, Stanislaw

    2006-01-01

    FOAM-2.06 is an upgraded version of FOAM, a general purpose, self-adapting Monte Carlo event generator. In comparison with FOAM-2.05, it has two important improvements. New interface to random numbers lets the user to choose from the three "state of the art" random number generators. Improved algorithms for simplical grid need less computer memory; the problem of the prohibitively large memory allocation required for the large number ($>10^6$) of simplical cells is now eliminated -- the new version can handle such cases even on the average desktop computers. In addition, generation of the Monte Carlo events, in case of large number of cells, may be even significantly faster.

  2. Design and Implementation of 3D Model Database for General-Purpose 3D GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Weiping; ZHU Qing; DU Zhiqiang; ZHANG Yeting

    2010-01-01

    To improve the reusability of three-dimensional (3D) models and simplify the complexity of natural scene reconstruction, this paper presents a 3D model database for universal 3D GIS. After the introduction of its extensible function architecture,accompanied by the conclusion of implicit spatial-temporal hierarchy of models in any reconstructed scene of 3D GIS for general purpose, several key issues are discussed in detail, such as the storage and management of 3D models and related retrieval and load method, as well as the interfaces for further on-demand development. Finally, the validity and feasibility of this model database are proved through its application in the development of 3D visualization system of railway operation.

  3. GPACC program cost work breakdown structure-dictionary. General purpose aft cargo carrier study, volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    The results of detailed cost estimates and economic analysis performed on the updated Model 101 configuration of the general purpose Aft Cargo Carrier (ACC) are given. The objective of this economic analysis is to provide the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) with information on the economics of using the ACC on the Space Transportation System (STS). The detailed cost estimates for the ACC are presented by a work breakdown structure (WBS) to ensure that all elements of cost are considered in the economic analysis and related subsystem trades. Costs reported by WBS provide NASA with a basis for comparing competing designs and provide detailed cost information that can be used to forecast phase C/D planning for new projects or programs derived from preliminary conceptual design studies. The scope covers all STS and STS/ACC launch vehicle cost impacts for delivering payloads to a 160 NM low Earth orbit (LEO).

  4. A General Purpose Connections type CTI Server Based on SIP Protocol and Its Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Toru; Koizumi, Hisao

    In this paper, we propose a general purpose connections type CTI (Computer Telephony Integration) server that provides various CTI services such as voice logging where the CTI server communicates with IP-PBX using the SIP (Session Initiation Protocol), and accumulates voice packets of external line telephone call flowing between an IP telephone for extension and a VoIP gateway connected to outside line networks. The CTI server realizes CTI services such as voice logging, telephone conference, or IVR (interactive voice response) with accumulating and processing voice packets sampled. Furthermore, the CTI server incorporates a web server function which can provide various CTI services such as a Web telephone directory via a Web browser to PCs, cellular telephones or smart-phones in mobile environments.

  5. Fully implicit mixed-hybrid finite-element discretization for general purpose subsurface reservoir simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abushaikha, Ahmad S.; Voskov, Denis V.; Tchelepi, Hamdi A.

    2017-10-01

    We present a new fully-implicit, mixed-hybrid, finite-element (MHFE) discretization scheme for general-purpose compositional reservoir simulation. The locally conservative scheme solves the coupled momentum and mass balance equations simultaneously, and the fluid system is modeled using a cubic equation-of-state. We introduce a new conservative flux approach for the mass balance equations for this fully-implicit approach. We discuss the nonlinear solution procedure for the proposed approach, and we present extensive numerical tests to demonstrate the convergence and accuracy of the MHFE method using tetrahedral elements. We also compare the method to other advanced discretization schemes for unstructured meshes and tensor permeability. Finally, we illustrate the applicability and robustness of the method for highly heterogeneous reservoirs with unstructured grids.

  6. Litrani a General Purpose Monte-Carlo Program Simulating Light Propagation In Isotropic or Anisotropic Media

    CERN Document Server

    Gentit, François-Xavier

    2001-01-01

    Litrani is a general purpose Monte-Carlo program simulating light propagation in any type of setup describable by the shapes provided by ROOT. Each shape may be made of a different material. Dielectric constant, absorption length and diffusion length of materials may depend upon wavelength. Dielectric constant and absorption length may be anisotropic. Each face of a volume is either partially or totally in contact with a face of another volume, or covered with some wrapping having defined characteristics of absorption, reflection and diffusion. When in contact with another face of another volume, the possibility exists to have a thin slice of width d and index n between the 2 faces. The program has various sources of light: spontaneous photons, photons coming from an optical fibre, photons generated by the crossing of particles or photons generated by an electromagnetic shower. The time and wavelength spectra of emitted photons may reproduce any scintillation spectrum. As detectors, phototubes, APD, or any ge...

  7. A general purpose subroutine for fast fourier transform on a distributed memory parallel machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubey, A.; Zubair, M.; Grosch, C. E.

    1992-01-01

    One issue which is central in developing a general purpose Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) subroutine on a distributed memory parallel machine is the data distribution. It is possible that different users would like to use the FFT routine with different data distributions. Thus, there is a need to design FFT schemes on distributed memory parallel machines which can support a variety of data distributions. An FFT implementation on a distributed memory parallel machine which works for a number of data distributions commonly encountered in scientific applications is presented. The problem of rearranging the data after computing the FFT is also addressed. The performance of the implementation on a distributed memory parallel machine Intel iPSC/860 is evaluated.

  8. A General Purpose Feature Extractor for Light Detection and Ranging Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin B. Olson

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Feature extraction is a central step of processing Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR data. Existing detectors tend to exploit characteristics of specific environments: corners and lines from indoor (rectilinear environments, and trees from outdoor environments. While these detectors work well in their intended environments, their performance in different environments can be poor. We describe a general purpose feature detector for both 2D and 3D LIDAR data that is applicable to virtually any environment. Our method adapts classic feature detection methods from the image processing literature, specifically the multi-scale Kanade-Tomasi corner detector. The resulting method is capable of identifying highly stable and repeatable features at a variety of spatial scales without knowledge of environment, and produces principled uncertainty estimates and corner descriptors at same time. We present results on both software simulation and standard datasets, including the 2D Victoria Park and Intel Research Center datasets, and the 3D MIT DARPA Urban Challenge dataset.

  9. A Real-Time Programmer's Tour of General-Purpose L4 Microkernels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruocco Sergio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract L4-embedded is a microkernel successfully deployed in mobile devices with soft real-time requirements. It now faces the challenges of tightly integrated systems, in which user interface, multimedia, OS, wireless protocols, and even software-defined radios must run on a single CPU. In this paper we discuss the pros and cons of L4-embedded for real-time systems design, focusing on the issues caused by the extreme speed optimisations it inherited from its general-purpose ancestors. Since these issues can be addressed with a minimal performance loss, we conclude that, overall, the design of real-time systems based on L4-embedded is possible, and facilitated by a number of design features unique to microkernels and the L4 family.

  10. Generic functional requirements for a NASA general-purpose data base management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohman, G. M.

    1981-01-01

    Generic functional requirements for a general-purpose, multi-mission data base management system (DBMS) for application to remotely sensed scientific data bases are detailed. The motivation for utilizing DBMS technology in this environment is explained. The major requirements include: (1) a DBMS for scientific observational data; (2) a multi-mission capability; (3) user-friendly; (4) extensive and integrated information about data; (5) robust languages for defining data structures and formats; (6) scientific data types and structures; (7) flexible physical access mechanisms; (8) ways of representing spatial relationships; (9) a high level nonprocedural interactive query and data manipulation language; (10) data base maintenance utilities; (11) high rate input/output and large data volume storage; and adaptability to a distributed data base and/or data base machine configuration. Detailed functions are specified in a top-down hierarchic fashion. Implementation, performance, and support requirements are also given.

  11. General-purpose heat source safety verification test series: SVT-7 through SVT-10

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, T. G.; Pavone, D.

    1985-09-01

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will supply power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of (238)PuO2 (ALPHA)-decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first report (covering SVT-1 through SVT-6) described the results of flat and side-on module impacts. This report describes module impacts at angles of 15(0) and 30(0).

  12. General-purpose heat source safety verification test series: SVT-11 through SVT-13

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, T. G.; Pavone, D.

    1986-05-01

    The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) is a modular component of the radioisotope thermoelectric generator that will provide power for the Galileo and Ulysses (formerly ISPM) space missions. The GPHS provides power by transmitting the heat of Pu -decay to an array of thermoelectric elements. Because the possibility of an orbital abort always exists, the heat source was designed and constructed to minimize plutonia release in any accident environment. The Safety Verification Test (SVT) series was formulated to evaluate the effectiveness of GPHS plutonia containment after atmospheric reentry and Earth impact. The first two reports (covering SVT-1 through SVT-10) described the results of flat, side-on, and angular module impacts against steel targets at 54 m/s. This report describes flat-on module impacts against concrete and granite targets, at velocities equivalent to or higher than previous SVTs.

  13. General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit Based High-Rate Rice Decompression and Reed-Solomon Decoding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loughry, Thomas A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-02-01

    As the volume of data acquired by space-based sensors increases, mission data compression/decompression and forward error correction code processing performance must likewise scale. This competency development effort was explored using the General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit (GPGPU) to accomplish high-rate Rice Decompression and high-rate Reed-Solomon (RS) decoding at the satellite mission ground station. Each algorithm was implemented and benchmarked on a single GPGPU. Distributed processing across one to four GPGPUs was also investigated. The results show that the GPGPU has considerable potential for performing satellite communication Data Signal Processing, with three times or better performance improvements and up to ten times reduction in cost over custom hardware, at least in the case of Rice Decompression and Reed-Solomon Decoding.

  14. A Parallel General Purpose Mulit-Objective Optimization Framework, with Application to Beam Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Ineichen, Y; Kolano, A; Bekas, C; Curioni, A; Arbenz, P

    2013-01-01

    Particle accelerators are invaluable tools for research in the basic and applied sciences, in fields such as materials science, chemistry, the biosciences, particle physics, nuclear physics and medicine. The design, commissioning, and operation of accelerator facilities is a non-trivial task, due to the large number of control parameters and the complex interplay of several conflicting design goals. We propose to tackle this problem by means of multi-objective optimization algorithms which also facilitate a parallel deployment. In order to compute solutions in a meaningful time frame we require a fast and scalable software framework. In this paper, we present the implementation of such a general-purpose framework for simulation based multi-objective optimization methods that allows the automatic investigation of optimal sets of machine parameters. The implementation is based on a master/slave paradigm, employing several masters that govern a set of slaves executing simulations and performing optimization task...

  15. Design of the SLAC RCE Platform: A General Purpose ATCA Based Data Acquisition System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herbst, R. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Claus, R. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Freytag, M. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Haller, G. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Huffer, M. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Maldonado, S. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Nishimura, K. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; O' Grady, C. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Panetta, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Perazzo, A. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Reese, B. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Ruckman, L. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Thayer, J. G. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.; Weaver, M. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Research Engineering Div.

    2015-01-23

    The SLAC RCE platform is a general purpose clustered data acquisition system implemented on a custom ATCA compliant blade, called the Cluster On Board (COB). The core of the system is the Reconfigurable Cluster Element (RCE), which is a system-on-chip design based upon the Xilinx Zynq family of FPGAs, mounted on custom COB daughter-boards. The Zynq architecture couples a dual core ARM Cortex A9 based processor with a high performance 28nm FPGA. The RCE has 12 external general purpose bi-directional high speed links, each supporting serial rates of up to 12Gbps. 8 RCE nodes are included on a COB, each with a 10Gbps connection to an on-board 24-port Ethernet switch integrated circuit. The COB is designed to be used with a standard full-mesh ATCA backplane allowing multiple RCE nodes to be tightly interconnected with minimal interconnect latency. Multiple shelves can be clustered using the front panel 10-gbps connections. The COB also supports local and inter-blade timing and trigger distribution. An experiment specific Rear Transition Module adapts the 96 high speed serial links to specific experiments and allows an experiment-specific timing and busy feedback connection. This coupling of processors with a high performance FPGA fabric in a low latency, multiple node cluster allows high speed data processing that can be easily adapted to any physics experiment. RTEMS and Linux are both ported to the module. The RCE has been used or is the baseline for several current and proposed experiments (LCLS, HPS, LSST, ATLAS-CSC, LBNE, DarkSide, ILC-SiD, etc).

  16. Transforming the ASDEX Upgrade discharge control system to a general-purpose plasma control platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Treutterer, Wolfgang, E-mail: Wolfgang.Treutterer@ipp.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Cole, Richard [Unlimited Computer Systems, Seeshaupter Str. 15, 82393 Iffeldorf (Germany); Gräter, Alexander [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Lüddecke, Klaus [Unlimited Computer Systems, Seeshaupter Str. 15, 82393 Iffeldorf (Germany); Neu, Gregor; Rapson, Christopher; Raupp, Gerhard; Zasche, Dieter; Zehetbauer, Thomas [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Control framework split in core and custom part. • Core framework deployable in other fusion device environments. • Adaptible through customizable modules, plug-in support and generic interfaces. - Abstract: The ASDEX Upgrade Discharge Control System DCS is a modern and mature product, originally designed to regulate and supervise ASDEX Upgrade Tokamak plasma operation. In its core DCS is based on a generic, versatile real-time software framework with a plugin architecture that allows to easily combine, modify and extend control function modules in order to tailor the system to required features and let it continuously evolve with the progress of an experimental fusion device. Due to these properties other fusion experiments like the WEST project have expressed interest in adopting DCS. For this purpose, essential parts of DCS must be unpinned from the ASDEX Upgrade environment by exposure or introduction of generalised interfaces. Re-organisation of DCS modules allows distinguishing between intrinsic framework core functions and device-specific applications. In particular, DCS must be prepared for deployment in different system environments with their own realisations for user interface, pulse schedule preparation, parameter server, time and event distribution, diagnostic and actuator systems, network communication and data archiving. The article explains the principles of the revised DCS structure, derives the necessary interface definitions and describes major steps to achieve the separation between general-purpose framework and fusion device specific components.

  17. Optimization of a general-purpose, actively scanned proton beamline for ocular treatments: Geant4 simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piersimoni, Pierluigi; Rimoldi, Adele; Riccardi, Cristina; Pirola, Michele; Molinelli, Silvia; Ciocca, Mario

    2015-03-08

    The Italian National Center for Hadrontherapy (CNAO, Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica), a synchrotron-based hospital facility, started the treatment of patients within selected clinical trials in late 2011 and 2012 with actively scanned proton and carbon ion beams, respectively. The activation of a new clinical protocol for the irradiation of uveal melanoma using the existing general-purpose proton beamline is foreseen for late 2014. Beam characteristics and patient treatment setup need to be tuned to meet the specific requirements for such a type of treatment technique. The aim of this study is to optimize the CNAO transport beamline by adding passive components and minimizing air gap to achieve the optimal conditions for ocular tumor irradiation. The CNAO setup with the active and passive components along the transport beamline, as well as a human eye-modeled detector also including a realistic target volume, were simulated using the Monte Carlo Geant4 toolkit. The strong reduction of the air gap between the nozzle and patient skin, as well as the insertion of a range shifter plus a patient-specific brass collimator at a short distance from the eye, were found to be effective tools to be implemented. In perspective, this simulation toolkit could also be used as a benchmark for future developments and testing purposes on commercial treatment planning systems.

  18. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (Ⅲ):Data integration and management environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A brand new Corrosion Data Integration and Management Environment(CDIME) is developed in Java programming language based on general-purpose corrosion data model(GPCDM) and corrosion data markup language(CDML) proposed in the previous works.In general,the functionalities and features of CDIME meet most of design requirements including composition,inheritance,self-contained,relatively independence and so on.An insight tutorial is introduced on the life circle of corrosion data islands from its creation,maintenance,and application like publishing.The template feature makes the building of comprehensive data island as simple as a few mouse clicks.Read-only publishing of data as e-Book and PDF hold their own places.Achieved document can be imported and exported freely on any running CDIME.The achieving feature is addressed in detail because it is critical to data sharing and integration in GPCDM.At the end,a real example is presented to help the understanding of data islands assembling and the advanced features offered by CDIME.

  19. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (Ⅲ): Data integration and management environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG ZiLong

    2008-01-01

    A brand new Corrosion Data Integration and Management Environment (CDIME) is developed in Java programming language based on general-purpose corrosion data model (GPCDM) and corrosion data markup language (CDML) proposed in the previous works. In general, the functionalities and features of CDIME meet most of design requirements including composition, inheritance, self-contained, relatively independence and so on. An insight tutorial is introduced on the life circle of cor-rosion data islands from its creation, maintenance, and application like publishing. The template feature makes the building of comprehensive data island as simple as a few mouse clicks. Read-only publishing of data as e-Book and PDF hold their own places. Achieved document can be imported and exported freely on any running CDIME. The achieving feature is addressed in detail because it is critical to data sharing and integration in GPCDM. At the end, a real example is presented to help the understanding of data islands assembling and the advanced features offered by CDIME.

  20. The PennBMBI: Design of a General Purpose Wireless Brain-Machine-Brain Interface System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xilin; Zhang, Milin; Subei, Basheer; Richardson, Andrew G; Lucas, Timothy H; Van der Spiegel, Jan

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, a general purpose wireless Brain-Machine-Brain Interface (BMBI) system is presented. The system integrates four battery-powered wireless devices for the implementation of a closed-loop sensorimotor neural interface, including a neural signal analyzer, a neural stimulator, a body-area sensor node and a graphic user interface implemented on the PC end. The neural signal analyzer features a four channel analog front-end with configurable bandpass filter, gain stage, digitization resolution, and sampling rate. The target frequency band is configurable from EEG to single unit activity. A noise floor of 4.69 μVrms is achieved over a bandwidth from 0.05 Hz to 6 kHz. Digital filtering, neural feature extraction, spike detection, sensing-stimulating modulation, and compressed sensing measurement are realized in a central processing unit integrated in the analyzer. A flash memory card is also integrated in the analyzer. A 2-channel neural stimulator with a compliance voltage up to ± 12 V is included. The stimulator is capable of delivering unipolar or bipolar, charge-balanced current pulses with programmable pulse shape, amplitude, width, pulse train frequency and latency. A multi-functional sensor node, including an accelerometer, a temperature sensor, a flexiforce sensor and a general sensor extension port has been designed. A computer interface is designed to monitor, control and configure all aforementioned devices via a wireless link, according to a custom designed communication protocol. Wireless closed-loop operation between the sensory devices, neural stimulator, and neural signal analyzer can be configured. The proposed system was designed to link two sites in the brain, bridging the brain and external hardware, as well as creating new sensory and motor pathways for clinical practice. Bench test and in vivo experiments are performed to verify the functions and performances of the system.

  1. Auxiliary subsystems of a General-Purpose IGBT Stack for high-performance laboratory power converters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ANIL KUMAR ADAPA; D VENKATRAMANAN; VINOD JOHN

    2017-08-01

    A PWM converter is the prime component in many power electronic applications such as static UPS, electric motor drives, power quality conditioners and renewable-energy-based power generation systems. While there are a number of computer simulation tools available today for studying power electronic systems,the value added by the experience of building a power converter and controlling it to function as desired is unparalleled. A student, in the process, not only understands power electronic concepts better, but also gains insights into other essential engineering aspects of auxiliary subsystems such as start-up, sensing, protection, circuit layout design, mechanical arrangement and system integration. Higher levels of protection features are critical for the converters used in a laboratory environment, as advanced protection schemes could prevent unanticipated failures occurring during the course of research. This paper presents a laboratory-built General-Purpose IGBT Stack (GPIS), which facilitates students to practically realize different power converter topologies. Essential subsystems for a complete power converter system is presented covering details of semiconductor device driving, sensing circuit, protection mechanism, system start-up, relaying and critical PCB layout design, followed by a brief comparison to commercially available IGBT stacks. The results show the high performance that can be obtained by the GPIS converter.

  2. deconSTRUCT: general purpose protein database search on the substructure level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zong Hong; Bharatham, Kavitha; Sherman, Westley A; Mihalek, Ivana

    2010-07-01

    deconSTRUCT webserver offers an interface to a protein database search engine, usable for a general purpose detection of similar protein (sub)structures. Initially, it deconstructs the query structure into its secondary structure elements (SSEs) and reassembles the match to the target by requiring a (tunable) degree of similarity in the direction and sequential order of SSEs. Hierarchical organization and judicious use of the information about protein structure enables deconSTRUCT to achieve the sensitivity and specificity of the established search engines at orders of magnitude increased speed, without tying up irretrievably the substructure information in the form of a hash. In a post-processing step, a match on the level of the backbone atoms is constructed. The results presented to the user consist of the list of the matched SSEs, the transformation matrix for rigid superposition of the structures and several ways of visualization, both downloadable and implemented as a web-browser plug-in. The server is available at http://epsf.bmad.bii.a-star.edu.sg/struct_server.html.

  3. Design-for-Testability Features and Test Implementation of a Giga Hertz General Purpose Microprocessor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Da Wang; Yu Hu; Hua-Wei Li; Xiao-Wei Li

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the design-for-testability (DFT) features and low-cost testing solutions of a general purpose microprocessor. The optimized DFT features are presented in detail. A hybrid scan compression structure was executed and achieved compression ratio more than ten times. Memory built-in self-test (BIST) circuitries were designed with scan collars instead of bitmaps to reduce area overheads and to improve test and debug efficiency. The implemented DFT framework also utilized internal phase-locked loops (PLL) to provide complex at-speed test clock sequences. Since there are still limitations in this DFT design, the test strategies for this case are quite complex, with complicated automatic test pattern generation (ATPG) and debugging flow. The sample testing results are given in the paper. All the DFT methods discussed in the paper are prototypes for a high-volume manufacturing (HVM) DFT plan to meet high quality test goals as well as slow test power consumption and cost.

  4. Foam Multi-Dimensional General Purpose Monte Carlo Generator With Self-Adapting Symplectic Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Jadach, Stanislaw

    2000-01-01

    A new general purpose Monte Carlo event generator with self-adapting grid consisting of simplices is described. In the process of initialization, the simplex-shaped cells divide into daughter subcells in such a way that: (a) cell density is biggest in areas where integrand is peaked, (b) cells elongate themselves along hyperspaces where integrand is enhanced/singular. The grid is anisotropic, i.e. memory of the axes directions of the primary reference frame is lost. In particular, the algorithm is capable of dealing with distributions featuring strong correlation among variables (like ridge along diagonal). The presented algorithm is complementary to others known and commonly used in the Monte Carlo event generators. It is, in principle, more effective then any other one for distributions with very complicated patterns of singularities - the price to pay is that it is memory-hungry. It is therefore aimed at a small number of integration dimensions (<10). It should be combined with other methods for higher ...

  5. General-Purpose Heat Source development: Safety Verification Test Program. Bullet/fragment test series

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George, T.G.; Tate, R.E.; Axler, K.M.

    1985-05-01

    The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) that will provide power for space missions contains 18 General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules. Each module contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled clads and generates 250 W/sub (t)/. Because a launch-pad or post-launch explosion is always possible, we need to determine the ability of GPHS fueled clads within a module to survive fragment impact. The bullet/fragment test series, part of the Safety Verification Test Plan, was designed to provide information on clad response to impact by a compact, high-energy, aluminum-alloy fragment and to establish a threshold value of fragment energy required to breach the iridium cladding. Test results show that a velocity of 555 m/s (1820 ft/s) with an 18-g bullet is at or near the threshold value of fragment velocity that will cause a clad breach. Results also show that an exothermic Ir/Al reaction occurs if aluminum and hot iridium are in contact, a contact that is possible and most damaging to the clad within a narrow velocity range. The observed reactions between the iridium and the aluminum were studied in the laboratory and are reported in the Appendix.

  6. An FFT Performance Model for Optimizing General-Purpose Processor Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Li; Yun-Ji Chen; Dao-Fu Liu; Cheng Qian; Wei-Wu Hu

    2011-01-01

    General-purpose processor (GPP) is an important platform for fast Fourier transform (FFT),due to its flexibility,reliability and practicality.FFT is a representative application intensive in both computation and memory access,optimizing the FFT performance of a GPP also benefits the performances of many other applications.To facilitate the analysis of FFT,this paper proposes a theoretical model of the FFT processing.The model gives out a tight lower bound of the runtime of FFT on a GPP,and guides the architecture optimization for GPP as well.Based on the model,two theorems on optimization of architecture parameters are deduced,which refer to the lower bounds of register number and memory bandwidth.Experimental results on different processor architectures (including Intel Core i7 and Godson-3B) validate the performance model.The above investigations were adopted in the development of Godson-3B,which is an industrial GPP.The optimization techniques deduced from our performance model improve the FFT performance by about 40%,while incurring only 0.8% additional area cost.Consequently,Godson-3B solves the 1024-point single-precision complex FFT in 0.368 μs with about 40 Watt power consumption,and has the highest performance-per-watt in complex FFT among processors as far as we know.This work could benefit optimization of other GPPs as well.

  7. Practical Implementation of Prestack Kirchhoff Time Migration on a General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Guofeng

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we present a practical implementation of prestack Kirchhoff time migration (PSTM on a general purpose graphic processing unit. First, we consider the three main optimizations of the PSTM GPU code, i.e., designing a configuration based on a reasonable execution, using the texture memory for velocity interpolation, and the application of an intrinsic function in device code. This approach can achieve a speedup of nearly 45 times on a NVIDIA GTX 680 GPU compared with CPU code when a larger imaging space is used, where the PSTM output is a common reflection point that is gathered as I[nx][ny][nh][nt] in matrix format. However, this method requires more memory space so the limited imaging space cannot fully exploit the GPU sources. To overcome this problem, we designed a PSTM scheme with multi-GPUs for imaging different seismic data on different GPUs using an offset value. This process can achieve the peak speedup of GPU PSTM code and it greatly increases the efficiency of the calculations, but without changing the imaging result.

  8. Practical Implementation of Prestack Kirchhoff Time Migration on a General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guofeng; Li, Chun

    2016-08-01

    In this study, we present a practical implementation of prestack Kirchhoff time migration (PSTM) on a general purpose graphic processing unit. First, we consider the three main optimizations of the PSTM GPU code, i.e., designing a configuration based on a reasonable execution, using the texture memory for velocity interpolation, and the application of an intrinsic function in device code. This approach can achieve a speedup of nearly 45 times on a NVIDIA GTX 680 GPU compared with CPU code when a larger imaging space is used, where the PSTM output is a common reflection point that is gathered as I[ nx][ ny][ nh][ nt] in matrix format. However, this method requires more memory space so the limited imaging space cannot fully exploit the GPU sources. To overcome this problem, we designed a PSTM scheme with multi-GPUs for imaging different seismic data on different GPUs using an offset value. This process can achieve the peak speedup of GPU PSTM code and it greatly increases the efficiency of the calculations, but without changing the imaging result.

  9. Computing OpenSURF on OpenCL and General Purpose GPU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanglong Yan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Speeded-Up Robust Feature (SURF algorithm is widely used for image feature detecting and matching in computer vision area. Open Computing Language (OpenCL is a framework for writing programs that execute across heterogeneous platforms consisting of CPUs, GPUs, and other processors. This paper introduces how to implement an open-sourced SURF program, namely OpenSURF, on general purpose GPU by OpenCL, and discusses the optimizations in terms of the thread architectures and memory models in detail. Our final OpenCL implementation of OpenSURF is on average 37% and 64% faster than the OpenCV SURF v2.4.5 CUDA implementation on NVidia's GTX660 and GTX460SE GPUs, repectively. Our OpenCL program achieved real-time performance (>25 Frames Per Second for almost all the input images with different sizes from 320*240 to 1024*768 on NVidia's GTX660 GPU, NVidia's GTX460SE GPU and AMD's Radeon HD 6850 GPU. Our OpenCL approach on NVidia's GTX660 GPU is more than 22.8 times faster than its original CPU version on Intel's Dual-Core E5400 2.7G on average.

  10. Computing OpenSURF on OpenCL and General Purpose GPU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanglong Yan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Speeded-Up Robust Feature (SURF algorithm is widely used for image feature detecting and matching in computer vision area. Open Computing Language (OpenCL is a framework for writing programs that execute across heterogeneous platforms consisting of CPUs, GPUs, and other processors. This paper introduces how to implement an open-sourced SURF program, namely OpenSURF, on general purpose GPU by OpenCL, and discusses the optimizations in terms of the thread architectures and memory models in detail. Our final OpenCL implementation of OpenSURF is on average 37% and 64% faster than the OpenCV SURF v2.4.5 CUDA implementation on NVidia’s GTX660 and GTX460SE GPUs, repectively. Our OpenCL program achieved real-time performance (>25 Frames Per Second for almost all the input images with different sizes from 320*240 to 1024*768 on NVidia’s GTX660 GPU, NVidia’s GTX460SE GPU and AMD’s Radeon HD 6850 GPU. Our OpenCL approach on NVidia’s GTX660 GPU is more than 22.8 times faster than its original CPU version on Intel’s Dual-Core E5400 2.7G on average.

  11. Strong scaling of general-purpose molecular dynamics simulations on GPUs

    CERN Document Server

    Glaser, Jens; Anderson, Joshua A; Lui, Pak; Spiga, Filippo; Millan, Jaime A; Morse, David C; Glotzer, Sharon C

    2014-01-01

    We describe a highly optimized implementation of MPI domain decomposition in a GPU-enabled, general-purpose molecular dynamics code, HOOMD-blue (Anderson and Glotzer, arXiv:1308.5587). Our approach is inspired by a traditional CPU-based code, LAMMPS (Plimpton, J. Comp. Phys. 117, 1995), but is implemented within a code that was designed for execution on GPUs from the start (Anderson et al., J. Comp. Phys. 227, 2008). The software supports short-ranged pair force and bond force fields and achieves optimal GPU performance using an autotuning algorithm. We are able to demonstrate equivalent or superior scaling on up to 3,375 GPUs in Lennard-Jones and dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations of up to 108 million particles. GPUDirect RDMA capabilities in recent GPU generations provide better performance in full double precision calculations. For a representative polymer physics application, HOOMD-blue 1.0 provides an effective GPU vs. CPU node speed-up of 12.5x.

  12. File sharing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.

    2011-01-01

    File sharing’ has become generally accepted on the Internet. Users share files for downloading music, films, games, software etc. In this note, we have a closer look at the definition of file sharing, the legal and policy-based context as well as enforcement issues. The economic and cultural impact

  13. General-Purpose Heat Source Development: Safety Test Program. Postimpact evaluation, Design Iteration Test 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schonfeld, F.W.; George, T.G.

    1984-07-01

    The General-Purpose Heat Source(GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ decay to thermoelectric elements. Because of the inevitable return of certain aborted missions, the heat source must be designed and constructed to survive both re-entry and Earth impact. The Design Iteration Test (DIT) series is part of an ongoing test program. In the third test (DIT-3), a full GPHS module was impacted at 58 m/s and 930/sup 0/C. The module impacted the target at an angle of 30/sup 0/ to the pole of the large faces. The four capsules used in DIT-3 survived impact with minimal deformation; no internal cracks other than in the regions indicated by Savannah River Plant (SRP) preimpact nondestructive testing were observed in any of the capsules. The 30/sup 0/ impact orientation used in DIT-3 was considerably less severe than the flat-on impact utilized in DIT-1 and DIT-2. The four capsules used in DIT-1 survived, while two of the capsules used in DIT-2 breached; a small quantity (approx. = 50 ..mu..g) of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ was released from the capsules breached in the DIT-2 impact. All of the capsules used in DIT-1 and DIT-2 were severely deformed and contained large internal cracks. Postimpact analyses of the DIT-3 test components are described, with emphasis on weld structure and the behavior of defects identified by SRP nondestructive testing.

  14. Apple-CORE: Microgrids of SVP cores: flexible, general-purpose, fine-grained hardware concurrency management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poss, R.; Lankamp, M.; Yang, Q.; Fu, J.; van Tol, M.W.; Jesshope, C.; Nair, S.

    2012-01-01

    To harness the potential of CMPs for scalable, energy-efficient performance in general-purpose computers, the Apple-CORE project has co-designed a general machine model and concurrency control interface with dedicated hardware support for concurrency control across multiple cores. Its SVP interface

  15. Coated Particles Fuel Compact-General Purpose Heat Source for Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Genk, Mohamed S.; Tournier, Jean-Michel

    2003-01-01

    Coated Particles Fuel Compacts (CPFC) have recently been shown to offer performance advantage for use in Radioisotope Heater Units (RHUs) and design flexibility for integrating at high thermal efficiency with Stirling Engine converters, currently being considered for 100 We. Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems (ARPS). The particles in the compact consist of 238PuO2 fuel kernels with 5-μm thick PyC inner coating and a strong ZrC outer coating, whose thickness depends on the maximum fuel temperature during reentry, the fuel kernel diameter, and the fraction of helium gas released from the kernels and fully contained by the ZrC coating. In addition to containing the helium generated by radioactive decay of 238Pu for up to 10 years before launch and 10-15 years mission lifetime, the kernels are intentionally sized (>= 300 μm in diameter) to prevent any adverse radiological effects on reentry. This paper investigates the advantage of replacing the four iridium-clad 238PuO2 fuel pellets, the two floating graphite membranes, and the two graphite impact shells in current State-Of-The-Art (SOA) General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) with CPFC. The total mass, thermal power, and specific power of the CPFC-GPHS are calculated as functions of the helium release fraction from the fuel kernels and maximum fuel temperature during reentry from 1500 K to 2400 K. For the same total mass and volume as SOA GPHS, the generated thermal power by single-size particles CPFC-GPHS is 260 W at Beginning-Of-Mission (BOM), versus 231 W for the GPHS. For an additional 10% increase in total mass, the CPFC-GPHS could generate 340 W BOM; 48% higher than SOA GPHS. The corresponding specific thermal power is 214 W/kg, versus 160 W/kg for SOA GPHS; a 34% increase. Therefore, for the same thermal power, the CPFC-GPHS is lighter than SOA GPHS, while it uses the same amount of 238PuO2 fuel and same aeroshell. For the same helium release fraction and fuel temperature, binary-size particles CPFC-GPHS could

  16. Parallelized computation for computer simulation of electrocardiograms using personal computers with multi-core CPU and general-purpose GPU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Wenfeng; Wei, Daming; Xu, Weimin; Zhu, Xin; Yuan, Shizhong

    2010-10-01

    Biological computations like electrocardiological modelling and simulation usually require high-performance computing environments. This paper introduces an implementation of parallel computation for computer simulation of electrocardiograms (ECGs) in a personal computer environment with an Intel CPU of Core (TM) 2 Quad Q6600 and a GPU of Geforce 8800GT, with software support by OpenMP and CUDA. It was tested in three parallelization device setups: (a) a four-core CPU without a general-purpose GPU, (b) a general-purpose GPU plus 1 core of CPU, and (c) a four-core CPU plus a general-purpose GPU. To effectively take advantage of a multi-core CPU and a general-purpose GPU, an algorithm based on load-prediction dynamic scheduling was developed and applied to setting (c). In the simulation with 1600 time steps, the speedup of the parallel computation as compared to the serial computation was 3.9 in setting (a), 16.8 in setting (b), and 20.0 in setting (c). This study demonstrates that a current PC with a multi-core CPU and a general-purpose GPU provides a good environment for parallel computations in biological modelling and simulation studies. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Adding Hierarchical Objects to Relational Database General-Purpose XML-Based Information Managements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Chun; Knight, Chris; La, Tracy; Maluf, David; Bell, David; Tran, Khai Peter; Gawdiak, Yuri

    2006-01-01

    NETMARK is a flexible, high-throughput software system for managing, storing, and rapid searching of unstructured and semi-structured documents. NETMARK transforms such documents from their original highly complex, constantly changing, heterogeneous data formats into well-structured, common data formats in using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and/or Extensible Markup Language (XML). The software implements an object-relational database system that combines the best practices of the relational model utilizing Structured Query Language (SQL) with those of the object-oriented, semantic database model for creating complex data. In particular, NETMARK takes advantage of the Oracle 8i object-relational database model using physical-address data types for very efficient keyword searches of records across both context and content. NETMARK also supports multiple international standards such as WEBDAV for drag-and-drop file management and SOAP for integrated information management using Web services. The document-organization and -searching capabilities afforded by NETMARK are likely to make this software attractive for use in disciplines as diverse as science, auditing, and law enforcement.

  18. Decay data file based on the ENSDF file

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katakura, J. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1997-03-01

    A decay data file with the JENDL (Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library) format based on the ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File) file was produced as a tentative one of special purpose files of JENDL. The problem using the ENSDF file as primary source data of the JENDL decay data file is presented. (author)

  19. Factors Affecting Preservice Teachers' Computer Use for General Purposes: Implications for Computer Training Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zogheib, Salah

    2014-01-01

    As the majority of educational research has focused on preservice teachers' computer use for "educational purposes," the question remains: Do preservice teachers use computer technology for daily life activities and encounters? And do preservice teachers' personality traits and motivational beliefs related to computer training provided…

  20. Factors Affecting Preservice Teachers' Computer Use for General Purposes: Implications for Computer Training Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zogheib, Salah

    2014-01-01

    As the majority of educational research has focused on preservice teachers' computer use for "educational purposes," the question remains: Do preservice teachers use computer technology for daily life activities and encounters? And do preservice teachers' personality traits and motivational beliefs related to computer training provided…

  1. Recall of general and medical vocabulary and text structure knowledge: An experimental study of English for Medical Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarein-Dolab S

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: A 3-unit course is dedicated to general language in medical universities and the vocabulary and text structure of the courses have usually no relation to medical language. We examine whether teaching general language will be as effective as medical language as assessed through recall of general and medical vocabulary and text structure knowledge. Methods: an experimental study was designed, in that, the third year students who had participated in the 3-unit general language classes in the first year of their General Practitioner (GP program were selected and sat for a 60 MCQ tests. The 60 MCQ tests consisted of 30 questions of general language, 25 vocabulary and 5 comprehension questions and also 30 questions of medical language, 25 technical and semi-technical vocabulary and 5 comprehension questions. In all, 145 medical students attended the exam which took 40 minutes to accomplish. Results: The results of the study indicated that memory retention was significantly lower in general language than medical language. The technical and semi-technical vocabulary items were significantly better recalled and the medical text was significantly better understood by the participants. Conclusion: A 3-unit course in general language may be a futile effort since the students will not be exposed to the same vocabulary and text structure knowledge in later years of their GP program. It is recommended that the focus of all the university English courses be on the medical language. Key words: Medical Vocabulary, English For Specific Purposes, ESP

  2. 4DCAPTURE: a general purpose software package for capturing and analyzing two- and three-dimensional motion data acquired from video sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, James S.; Hodgson, Peter; Hallamasek, Karen; Palmer, Jake

    2003-07-01

    4DVideo is creating a general purpose capability for capturing and analyzing kinematic data from video sequences in near real-time. The core element of this capability is a software package designed for the PC platform. The software ("4DCapture") is designed to capture and manipulate customized AVI files that can contain a variety of synchronized data streams -- including audio, video, centroid locations -- and signals acquired from more traditional sources (such as accelerometers and strain gauges.) The code includes simultaneous capture or playback of multiple video streams, and linear editing of the images (together with the ancilliary data embedded in the files). Corresponding landmarks seen from two or more views are matched automatically, and photogrammetric algorithms permit multiple landmarks to be tracked in two- and three-dimensions -- with or without lens calibrations. Trajectory data can be processed within the main application or they can be exported to a spreadsheet where they can be processed or passed along to a more sophisticated, stand-alone, data analysis application. Previous attempts to develop such applications for high-speed imaging have been limited in their scope, or by the complexity of the application itself. 4DVideo has devised a friendly ("FlowStack") user interface that assists the end-user to capture and treat image sequences in a natural progression. 4DCapture employs the AVI 2.0 standard and DirectX technology which effectively eliminates the file size limitations found in older applications. In early tests, 4DVideo has streamed three RS-170 video sources to disk for more than an hour without loss of data. At this time, the software can acquire video sequences in three ways: (1) directly, from up to three hard-wired cameras supplying RS-170 (monochrome) signals; (2) directly, from a single camera or video recorder supplying an NTSC (color) signal; and (3) by importing existing video streams in the AVI 1.0 or AVI 2.0 formats. The

  3. Generalized subcutaneous emphysema caused by injection of air into the penis for autoerotic purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ural, Y; Muthen, N; Engelmann, U; Wille, S

    2013-01-01

    The injection of air or water into the scrotum has been described only a few times so far in the literature. Injection of air into the penis and its consequences has not been described at all. Here, we present the case of a young man who, acting on his previously suppressed sexual fantasies, injected air into his penis and caused generalized subcutaneous emphysema.

  4. 41 CFR 60-2.10 - General purpose and contents of affirmative action programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... central premise underlying affirmative action is that, absent discrimination, over time a contractor's workforce, generally, will reflect the gender, racial and ethnic profile of the labor pools from which the... progress toward achieving the workforce that would be expected in the absence of discrimination. (2)...

  5. Matching the Purpose of the General Education Curriculum with the Reality of Its Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottrell, Lesley; Cottrell, Scott; Wheatly, Michele; Jungblut, Bernadette; Dooley, Elizabeth A.; DiBartolomeo, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    This essay examines the current general education curriculum (gec) structure at a large institution where the gec program has been remodeled often to meet student needs. Assessment of this structure has been limited. Faculty and adviser perceptions of the gec's role in the larger curriculum, strengths, areas for improvement, and impact on student…

  6. Accuracy of Surface Plate Measurements - General Purpose Software for Flatness Measurement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, J.; Heuvelman, C.J.

    1990-01-01

    Flatness departures of surface plates are generally obtained from straightness measurements of lines on the surface. A computer program has been developed for on-line measurement and evaluation, based on the simultaneous coupling of measurements in all grid points. Statistical methods are used to de

  7. The Dynamics of a General Purpose Technology in a Research and Assimilation Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nahuis, R.

    1998-01-01

    Where is the productivity growth from the IT revolution? Why did the skill premium rise sharply in the early eighties? Were these phenomena related? This paper examines these questions in a general equilibrium model of growth. Technological progress in firms is driven by research aimed at improving

  8. Integration of the Density Gradient Model into a General Purpose Device Simulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Wettstein

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A generalized Density Gradient model has been implemented into the device simulator Dessis [DESSIS 7.0 reference manual (2001. ISE Integrated Systems Engineering AG, Balgriststrasse 102, CH-8008 Zürich].We describe the multidimensional discretization scheme used and discuss our modifications to the standard Density Gradient model. The evaluation of the model shows good agreement to results obtained by the Schro¨dinger equation.

  9. BLASTbus electronics: general-purpose readout and control for balloon-borne experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Benton, S J; Amiri, M; Angilè, F E; Bock, J J; Bond, J R; Bryan, S A; Chiang, H C; Contaldi, C R; Crill, B P; Devlin, M J; Dober, B; Doré, O P; Dowell, C D; Farhang, M; Filippini, J P; Fissel, L M; Fraisse, A A; Fukui, Y; Galitzki, N; Gambrel, A E; Gandilo, N N; Golwala, S R; Gudmundsson, J E; Halpern, M; Hasselfield, M; Hilton, G C; Holmes, W A; Hristov, V V; Irwin, K D; Jones, W C; Kermish, Z D; Klein, J; Korotkov, A L; Kuo, C L; MacTavish, C J; Mason, P V; Matthews, T G; Megerian, K G; Moncelsi, L; Morford, T A; Mroczkowski, T K; Nagy, J M; Netterfield, C B; Novak, G; Nutter, D; O'Brient, R; Ogburn, R W; Pascale, E; Poidevin, F; Rahlin, A S; Reintsema, C D; Ruhl, J E; Runyan, M C; Savini, G; Scott, D; Shariff, J A; Soler, J D; Thomas, N E; Trangsrud, A; Truch, M D; Tucker, C E; Tucker, G S; Tucker, R S; Turner, A D; Ward-Thompson, D; Weber, A C; Wiebe, D V; Young, E Y

    2014-01-01

    We present the second generation BLASTbus electronics. The primary purposes of this system are detector readout, attitude control, and cryogenic housekeeping, for balloon-borne telescopes. Readout of neutron transmutation doped germanium (NTD-Ge) bolometers requires low noise and parallel acquisition of hundreds of analog signals. Controlling a telescope's attitude requires the capability to interface to a wide variety of sensors and motors, and to use them together in a fast, closed loop. To achieve these different goals, the BLASTbus system employs a flexible motherboard-daughterboard architecture. The programmable motherboard features a digital signal processor (DSP) and field-programmable gate array (FPGA), as well as slots for three daughterboards. The daughterboards provide the interface to the outside world, with versions for analog to digital conversion, and optoisolated digital input/output. With the versatility afforded by this design, the BLASTbus also finds uses in cryogenic, thermometry, and powe...

  10. Developing the VirtualwindoW into a General Purpose Telepresence Interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinoshita, Robert Arthur; Anderson, Matthew Oley; Mckay, Mark D; Willis, Walter David

    1999-04-01

    An important need while using robots or remotely operated equipment is the ability for the operator or an observer to easily and accurately perceive the operating environment. A classic problem in providing a complete representation of a work area is sensory overload or excessive complexity in the human–machine interface. In addition, remote operations often benefit from depth perception capability while viewing or manipulating objects. Thus, there is an on going effort within the robotic field to develop simplified telepresence interfaces. The Department of Energy’s Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has been researching methods to generalize a human-machine interface for telepresence applications. Initial telepresence research conducted at the INEEL developed and implemented a concept called the VirtualwindoW. This system minimized the complexity of remote stereo viewing controls and provided the operator the “feel” of viewing the environment, including depth perception, in a natural setting. The VirtualwindoW has shown that the human-machine interface can be simplified while increasing operator performance. This paper deals with the continuing research and development of the VirtualwindoW to provide a generalized, reconfigurable system that easily utilizes commercially available components. The original system has now been expanded to include support for zoom lenses, camera blocks, wireless links, and even vehicle control.

  11. Developing the VirtualwindoW into a General Purpose Telepresence Interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKay, M D; Anderson, M O; Kinoshita, R A; Willis, W D

    1999-04-01

    An important need while using robots or remotely operated equipment is the ability for the operator or an observer to easily and accurately perceive the operating environment. A classic problem in providing a complete representation of a work area is sensory overload or excessive complexity in the human-machine interface. In addition, remote operations often benefit from depth perception capability while viewing or manipulating objects. Thus, there is an on going effort within the robotic field to develop simplified telepresence interfaces. The Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has been researching methods to generalize a human-machine interface for telepresence applications. Initial telepresence research conducted at the INEEL developed and implemented a concept called the VirtualwindoW. This system minimized the complexity of remote stereo viewing controls and provided the operator the "feel" of viewing the environment, including depth perception, in a natural setting. The VirtualwindoW has shown that the human-machine interface can be simplified while increasing operator performance. This paper deals with the continuing research and development of the VirtualwindoW to provide a generalized, reconfigurable system that easily utilizes commercially available components. The original system has now been expanded to include support for zoom lenses, camera blocks, wireless links, and even vehicle control.

  12. An LHCb general-purpose acquisition board for beam and background monitoring at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Alessio, F; Guzik, Z

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we will present an LHCb custom-made acquisition board which was developed for a continuous beam and background monitoring during LHC operations at CERN. The paper describes both the conceptual design and its performance, and concludes with results from the first period of beam operations at the LHC. The main purpose of the acquisition board is to process signals from a pair of beam pickups to continuously monitor the intensity of each bunch, and to monitor the phase of the arrival time of each proton bunch with respect to the LHC bunch clock. The extreme versatility of the board also allowed the LHCb experiment to build a high-speed and high-sensitivity readout system for a fast background monitor based on a pair of plastic scintillators. The board has demonstrated very good performance and proved to be conceptually valid during the first months of operations at the LHC. Connected to the beam pickups, it provides the LHCb experiment with a real-time measurement of the total intensity of each bea...

  13. BLASTbus electronics: general-purpose readout and control for balloon-borne experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, S. J.; Ade, P. A.; Amiri, M.; Angilè, F. E.; Bock, J. J.; Bond, J. R.; Bryan, S. A.; Chiang, H. C.; Contaldi, C. R.; Crill, B. P.; Devlin, M. J.; Dober, B.; Doré, O. P.; Farhang, M.; Filippini, J. P.; Fissel, L. M.; Fraisse, A. A.; Fukui, Y.; Galitzki, N.; Gambrel, A. E.; Gandilo, N. N.; Golwala, S. R.; Gudmundsson, J. E.; Halpern, M.; Hasselfield, M.; Hilton, G. C.; Holmes, W. A.; Hristov, V. V.; Irwin, K. D.; Jones, W. C.; Kermish, Z. D.; Klein, J.; Korotkov, A. L.; Kuo, C. L.; MacTavish, C. J.; Mason, P. V.; Matthews, T. G.; Megerian, K. G.; Moncelsi, L.; Morford, T. A.; Mroczkowski, T. K.; Nagy, J. M.; Netterfield, C. B.; Novak, G.; Nutter, D.; O'Brient, R.; Ogburn, R. W.; Pascale, E.; Poidevin, F.; Rahlin, A. S.; Reintsema, C. D.; Ruhl, J. E.; Runyan, M. C.; Savini, G.; Scott, D.; Shariff, J. A.; Soler, J. D.; Thomas, N. E.; Trangsrud, A.; Truch, M. D.; Tucker, C. E.; Tucker, G. S.; Tucker, R. S.; Turner, A. D.; Ward-Thompson, D.; Weber, A. C.; Wiebe, D. V.; Young, E. Y.

    2014-07-01

    We present the second generation BLASTbus electronics. The primary purposes of this system are detector readout, attitude control, and cryogenic housekeeping, for balloon-borne telescopes. Readout of neutron transmutation doped germanium (NTD-Ge) bolometers requires low noise and parallel acquisition of hundreds of analog signals. Controlling a telescope's attitude requires the capability to interface to a wide variety of sensors and motors, and to use them together in a fast, closed loop. To achieve these different goals, the BLASTbus system employs a flexible motherboard-daughterboard architecture. The programmable motherboard features a digital signal processor (DSP) and field-programmable gate array (FPGA), as well as slots for three daughterboards. The daughterboards provide the interface to the outside world, with versions for analog to digital conversion, and optoisolated digital input/output. With the versatility afforded by this design, the BLASTbus also finds uses in cryogenic, thermometry, and power systems. For accurate timing control to tie everything together, the system operates in a fully synchronous manner. BLASTbus electronics have been successfully deployed to the South Pole, and own on stratospheric balloons.

  14. FLUENT/BFC - A general purpose fluid flow modeling program for all flow speeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvinsky, Arkady S.

    FLUENT/BFC is a fluid flow modeling program for a variety of applications. Current capabilities of the program include laminar and turbulent flows, subsonic and supersonic viscous flows, incompressible flows, time-dependent and stationary flows, isothermal flows and flows with heat transfer, Newtonian and power-law fluids. The modeling equations in the program have been written in coordinate system invariant form to accommodate the use of boundary-conforming, generally nonorthogonal coordinate systems. The boundary-conforming coordinate system can be generated using both an internal grid generator, which is an integral part of the code, and external application-specific grid generators. The internal grid generator is based on a solution of a system of elliptic partial differential equations and can produce grids for a wide variety of two- and three-dimensional geometries.

  15. Atomicrex—a general purpose tool for the construction of atomic interaction models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stukowski, Alexander; Fransson, Erik; Mock, Markus; Erhart, Paul

    2017-07-01

    We introduce atomicrex, an open-source code for constructing interatomic potentials as well as more general types of atomic-scale models. Such effective models are required to simulate extended materials structures comprising many thousands of atoms or more, because electronic structure methods become computationally too expensive at this scale. atomicrex covers a wide range of interatomic potential types and fulfills many needs in atomistic model development. As inputs, it supports experimental property values as well as ab initio energies and forces, to which models can be fitted using various optimization algorithms. The open architecture of atomicrex allows it to be used in custom model development scenarios beyond classical interatomic potentials while thanks to its Python interface it can be readily integrated e.g., with electronic structure calculations or machine learning algorithms.

  16. Analog models of computations \\& Effective Church Turing Thesis: Efficient simulation of Turing machines by the General Purpose Analog Computer

    CERN Document Server

    Pouly, Amaury; Graça, Daniel S

    2012-01-01

    \\emph{Are analog models of computations more powerful than classical models of computations?} From a series of recent papers, it is now clear that many realistic analog models of computations are provably equivalent to classical digital models of computations from a \\emph{computability} point of view. Take, for example, the probably most realistic model of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) model from Claude Shannon, a model for Differential Analyzers, which are analog machines used from 1930s to early 1960s to solve various problems. It is now known that functions computable by Turing machines are provably exactly those that are computable by GPAC. This paper is about next step: understanding if this equivalence also holds at the \\emph{complexity} level. In this paper we show that the realistic models of analog computation -- namely the General Purpose Analog Computer (GPAC) -- can simulate Turing machines in a computationally efficient manner. More concretely we show that, modulo...

  17. A comprehensive workflow for general-purpose neural modeling with highly configurable neuromorphic hardware systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brüderle, Daniel; Petrovici, Mihai A; Vogginger, Bernhard; Ehrlich, Matthias; Pfeil, Thomas; Millner, Sebastian; Grübl, Andreas; Wendt, Karsten; Müller, Eric; Schwartz, Marc-Olivier; de Oliveira, Dan Husmann; Jeltsch, Sebastian; Fieres, Johannes; Schilling, Moritz; Müller, Paul; Breitwieser, Oliver; Petkov, Venelin; Muller, Lyle; Davison, Andrew P; Krishnamurthy, Pradeep; Kremkow, Jens; Lundqvist, Mikael; Muller, Eilif; Partzsch, Johannes; Scholze, Stefan; Zühl, Lukas; Mayr, Christian; Destexhe, Alain; Diesmann, Markus; Potjans, Tobias C; Lansner, Anders; Schüffny, René; Schemmel, Johannes; Meier, Karlheinz

    2011-05-01

    In this article, we present a methodological framework that meets novel requirements emerging from upcoming types of accelerated and highly configurable neuromorphic hardware systems. We describe in detail a device with 45 million programmable and dynamic synapses that is currently under development, and we sketch the conceptual challenges that arise from taking this platform into operation. More specifically, we aim at the establishment of this neuromorphic system as a flexible and neuroscientifically valuable modeling tool that can be used by non-hardware experts. We consider various functional aspects to be crucial for this purpose, and we introduce a consistent workflow with detailed descriptions of all involved modules that implement the suggested steps: The integration of the hardware interface into the simulator-independent model description language PyNN; a fully automated translation between the PyNN domain and appropriate hardware configurations; an executable specification of the future neuromorphic system that can be seamlessly integrated into this biology-to-hardware mapping process as a test bench for all software layers and possible hardware design modifications; an evaluation scheme that deploys models from a dedicated benchmark library, compares the results generated by virtual or prototype hardware devices with reference software simulations and analyzes the differences. The integration of these components into one hardware-software workflow provides an ecosystem for ongoing preparative studies that support the hardware design process and represents the basis for the maturity of the model-to-hardware mapping software. The functionality and flexibility of the latter is proven with a variety of experimental results.

  18. Quality of healthcare websites: A comparison of a general-purpose vs. domain-specific search engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Joanna; Reddy, Madhu

    2007-10-11

    In a pilot study, we had five typical Internet users evaluate the quality of health websites returned by a general-purpose search engine (Google) and a healthcare-specific search engine (Healthfinder). The evaluators used a quality criteria developed by Mitretek/Health Information Technology Institute. Although both search engines provided high quality health websites, we found some important differences between the two types of search engines.

  19. HOOMD-blue, general-purpose many-body dynamics on the GPU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Joshua; Keys, Aaron; Phillips, Carolyn; Dac Nguyen, Trung; Glotzer, Sharon

    2010-03-01

    We present HOOMD-blue, a new, open source code for performing molecular dynamics and related many-body dynamics simulations on graphics processing units (GPUs). All calculations are fully implemented on the GPU, enabling large performance speedups over traditional CPUs. On typical benchmarks, HOOMD-blue is about 60 times faster on a current generation GPU compared to running on a single CPU core. Next generation chips are due for release in early 2010 and are expected to nearly double performance. Efficient execution is achieved without any lack of generality and thus a wide variety of capabilities are present in the code, including standard bond, pair, angle, dihedral and improper potentials, along with the common NPT, NVE, NVT, and Brownian dynamics integration routines. The code is object-oriented, well documented, and easy to modify. We are constantly adding new features and looking for new developers to contribute to this fast maturing, open-source code [1]. In this talk, we present an overview of HOOMD-blue and give examples of its current and planned capabilities and speed over traditional CPU-based codes. [1] Find HOOMD-blue online at: http://codeblue.umich.edu/hoomd-blue/

  20. General Purpose Real-time Data Analysis and Visualization Software for Volcano Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervelli, P. F.; Miklius, A.; Antolik, L.; Parker, T.; Cervelli, D.

    2011-12-01

    In 2002, the USGS developed the Valve software for management, visualization, and analysis of volcano monitoring data. In 2004, the USGS developed similar software, called Swarm, for the same purpose but specifically tailored for seismic waveform data. Since then, both of these programs have become ubiquitous at US volcano observatories, and in the case of Swarm, common at volcano observatories across the globe. Though innovative from the perspective of software design, neither program is methodologically novel. Indeed, the software can perform little more than elementary 2D graphing, along with basic geophysical analysis. So, why is the software successful? The answer is that both of these programs take data from the realm of discipline specialists and make them universally available to all observatory scientists. In short, the software creates additional value from existing data by leveraging the observatory's entire intellectual capacity. It enables rapid access to different data streams, and allows anyone to compare these data on a common time scale or map base. It frees discipline specialists from routine tasks like preparing graphics or compiling data tables, thereby making more time for interpretive efforts. It helps observatory scientists browse through data, and streamlines routine checks for unusual activity. It encourages a multi-parametric approach to volcano monitoring. And, by means of its own usefulness, it creates incentive to organize and capture data streams not yet available. Valve and Swarm are both written in Java, open-source, and freely available. Swarm is a stand-alone Java application. Valve is a system consisting of three parts: a web-based user interface, a graphing and analysis engine, and a data server. Both can be used non-interactively (e.g., via scripts) to generate graphs or to dump raw data. Swarm has a simple, built-in alarm capability. Several alarm algorithms have been built around Valve. Both programs remain under active

  1. TOUGH2: A general-purpose numerical simulator for multiphase nonisothermal flows

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruess, K. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

    1991-06-01

    Numerical simulators for multiphase fluid and heat flows in permeable media have been under development at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for more than 10 yr. Real geofluids contain noncondensible gases and dissolved solids in addition to water, and the desire to model such `compositional` systems led to the development of a flexible multicomponent, multiphase simulation architecture known as MULKOM. The design of MULKOM was based on the recognition that the mass-and energy-balance equations for multiphase fluid and heat flows in multicomponent systems have the same mathematical form, regardless of the number and nature of fluid components and phases present. Application of MULKOM to different fluid mixtures, such as water and air, or water, oil, and gas, is possible by means of appropriate `equation-of-state` (EOS) modules, which provide all thermophysical and transport parameters of the fluid mixture and the permeable medium as a function of a suitable set of primary thermodynamic variables. Investigations of thermal and hydrologic effects from emplacement of heat-generating nuclear wastes into partially water-saturated formations prompted the development and release of a specialized version of MULKOM for nonisothermal flow of water and air, named TOUGH. TOUGH is an acronym for `transport of unsaturated groundwater and heat` and is also an allusion to the tuff formations at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The TOUGH2 code is intended to supersede TOUGH. It offers all the capabilities of TOUGH and includes a considerably more general subset of MULKOM modules with added capabilities. The paper briefly describes the simulation methodology and user features.

  2. Assessment of general public perceptions toward traditional medicines used for aphrodisiac purpose in state of Penang, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassali, Mohamed Azmi; Saleem, Fahad; Shafie, Asrul Akmal; Al-Qazaz, Harith Khalid; Farooqui, Maryam; Aljadhey, Hisham; Atif, Muhammad; Masood, Imran

    2012-11-01

    The study aims to evaluate general public perceptions regarding the use of Traditional and Complementary Medicines (TCM) for aphrodisiac purposes. A questionnaire based, cross-sectional study was undertaken. Respondents were selected in the state of Penang, Malaysia. A total of 392 respondents were included in the study. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Chi Square/Fischer Exact tests were used where appropriate. Out of 392 respondents, 150 (38.26%) reported using specific Traditional medicines for aphrodisiac purposes. Most respondents (46.94%) agreed that aphrodisiac medicines were easily available t. Moreover, 40.31% of the respondents reported that traditional aphrodisiac medicines were cheaper than modern (prescription) medicines. This study highlights limited public knowledge regarding the use of traditional aphrodisiac medicine. Healthcare professionals should be aware of informal TCM usage when prescribing allopathic medicines. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. A general-purpose framework to simulate musculoskeletal system of human body: using a motion tracking approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsani, Hossein; Rostami, Mostafa; Gudarzi, Mohammad

    2016-02-01

    Computation of muscle force patterns that produce specified movements of muscle-actuated dynamic models is an important and challenging problem. This problem is an undetermined one, and then a proper optimization is required to calculate muscle forces. The purpose of this paper is to develop a general model for calculating all muscle activation and force patterns in an arbitrary human body movement. For this aim, the equations of a multibody system forward dynamics, which is considered for skeletal system of the human body model, is derived using Lagrange-Euler formulation. Next, muscle contraction dynamics is added to this model and forward dynamics of an arbitrary musculoskeletal system is obtained. For optimization purpose, the obtained model is used in computed muscle control algorithm, and a closed-loop system for tracking desired motions is derived. Finally, a popular sport exercise, biceps curl, is simulated by using this algorithm and the validity of the obtained results is evaluated via EMG signals.

  4. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (I): Meanings and issues of design and implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A brand new design of integrated corrosion information system is introduced to meet the constantly increasing demands of material corrosion information. Two concepts, "general-purpose corrosion data model" and "public corrosion data ex-changing interface", are suggested to integrate a wide variety of corrosion data sources based on detailed analysis on characteristics of each source in order to promote the information sharing and data mining. The architecture of integrated corrosion information environment is blueprinted. The insight analysis is focused on 1) architecture of the system; 2) data flow and information sharing; 3) roles of system players and their interactions; 4) approaches to data integration. Several key issues are addressed in detail including coverage of data model, data source integration and mitigation, and data granularity from system performance and model acceptance points of view. At the end, the design and implementation ap-proach of general corrosion data model is presented based on cutting edge IT techniques.

  5. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (I): Meanings and issues of design and implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG ZiLong

    2008-01-01

    A brand new design of integrated corrosion information system is introduced to meet the constantly increasing demands of material corrosion information. Two concepts, "general-purpose corrosion data model" and "public corrosion data ex- changing interface", are suggested to integrate a wide variety of corrosion data sources based on detailed analysis on characteristics of each source in order to promote the information sharing and data mining. The architecture of integrated corrosion information environment is blueprinted. The insight analysis is focused on 1) architecture of the system; 2) data flow and information sharing; 3) roles of system players and their interactions; 4) approaches to data integration. Several key issues are addressed in detail including coverage of data model, data source integration and mitigation, and data granularity from system performance and model acceptance points of view. At the end, the design and implementation ap- proach of general corrosion data model is presented based on cutting edge IT techniques.

  6. General purpose parallel programing using new generation graphic processors: CPU vs GPU comparative analysis and opportunities research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatas Krušna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available OpenCL, a modern parallel heterogeneous system programming language, enables problems to be partitioned and executed on modern CPU and GPU hardware, this increases performance of such applications considerably. Since GPU's are optimized for floating point and vector operations and specialize in them, they outperform general purpose CPU's in this field greatly. This language greatly simplifies the creation of applications for such heterogeneous system since it's cross-platform, vendor independent and is embeddable , hence letting it be used in any other general purpose programming language via libraries. There is more and more tools being developed that are aimed at low level programmers and scientists or engineers alike, that are developing applications or libraries for CPU’s and GPU’s of today as well as other heterogeneous platforms. The tendency today is to increase the number of cores or CPU‘s in hopes of increasing performance, however the increasing difficulty of parallelizing applications for such systems and the even increasing overhead of communication and synchronization are limiting the potential performance. This means that there is a point at which increasing cores or CPU‘s will no longer increase applications performance, and even can diminish performance. Even though parallel programming and GPU‘s with stream computing capabilities have decreased the need for communication and synchronization (since only the final result needs to be committed to memory, however this still is a weak link in developing such applications.

  7. Multi­-Threaded Algorithms for General purpose Graphics Processor Units in the ATLAS High Level Trigger

    CERN Document Server

    Conde Mui\\~no, Patricia; The ATLAS collaboration

    2016-01-01

    General purpose Graphics Processor Units (GPGPU) are being evaluated for possible future inclusion in an upgraded ATLAS High Level Trigger farm. We have developed a demonstrator including GPGPU implementations of Inner Detector and Muon tracking and Calorimeter clustering within the ATLAS software framework. ATLAS is a general purpose particle physics experiment located on the LHC collider at CERN. The ATLAS Trigger system consists of two levels, with level 1 implemented in hardware and the High Level Trigger implemented in software running on a farm of commodity CPU. The High Level Trigger reduces the trigger rate from the 100 kHz level 1 acceptance rate to 1 kHz for recording, requiring an average per­-event processing time of ~250 ms for this task. The selection in the high level trigger is based on reconstructing tracks in the Inner Detector and Muon Spectrometer and clusters of energy deposited in the Calorimeter. Performing this reconstruction within the available farm resources presents a significant ...

  8. Is What I Need What I Want? Reconceptualising College Students' Needs in English Courses for General and Specific/Academic Purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jin-Yu; Chang, Yu-Jung; Yang, Fang-Ying; Sun, Yu-Chih

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore English as a foreign language (EFL) college students' needs in English for General Purposes (EGP) and English for Specific/Academic Purposes (ESP/EAP) courses in terms of their perceptions of three subcategories of needs--necessities, wants, and lacks--and reasons for students' course enrollment. A…

  9. Duplication of complete dentures using general-purpose handheld optical scanner and 3-dimensional printer: Introduction and clinical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurahashi, Kosuke; Matsuda, Takashi; Goto, Takaharu; Ishida, Yuichi; Ito, Teruaki; Ichikawa, Tetsuo

    2017-01-01

    To introduce a new clinical procedure for fabricating duplicates of complete dentures by bite pressure impression using digital technology, and to discuss its clinical significance. The denture is placed on a rotary table and the 3-dimensional form of the denture is digitized using a general-purpose handheld optical scanner. The duplicate denture is made of polylactic acid by a 3-dimensional printer using the 3-dimensional data. This procedure has the advantages of wasting less material, employing less human power, decreasing treatment time at the chair side, lowering the rates of contamination, and being readily fabricated at the time of the treatment visit. Copyright © 2016 Japan Prosthodontic Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Feasibility study for the measurement of Bc meson mass and lifetime with the general purpose detector at the LHC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xiang-Wei

    2008-01-01

    In this paper a feasibility study of the Bc meson to measure its mass and lifetime is described with the general purpose detector at the LHC.The study solely concentrated on the J/Ψπ+,J/Ψ→μ+μ- decay channel of the Bc and it was concluded that about 120 events can be selected in the first fb-1 of data.With this data sample,the mass resolution was estimated to be 2.0(stat.) MeV/c2 while the cr resolution was found to be 13.1(stat.) μm,I.e.the lifetime resolution to be 0.044(stat.) ps.

  11. Evaluation of Aqueous and Powder Processing Techniques for Production of Pu-238-Fueled General Purpose Heat Sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-06-01

    This report evaluates alternative processes that could be used to produce Pu-238 fueled General Purpose Heat Sources (GPHS) for radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTG). Fabricating GPHSs with the current process has remained essentially unchanged since its development in the 1970s. Meanwhile, 30 years of technological advancements have been made in the fields of chemistry, manufacturing, ceramics, and control systems. At the Department of Energy’s request, alternate manufacturing methods were compared to current methods to determine if alternative fabrication processes could reduce the hazards, especially the production of respirable fines, while producing an equivalent GPHS product. An expert committee performed the evaluation with input from four national laboratories experienced in Pu-238 handling.

  12. EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF STEEL PORTAL FRAMES BY PSEUDODYNAMIC SIMULATION TECHNIQUE USING A GENERAL-PURPOSE FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS PROGRAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miki, Toshihiro; Mizusawa, Tomisaku; Yamada, Osamu; Toda, Tomoki

    This paper studies the earthquake response of steel portal frames when the shear collapse occurs at the centre of the beam. The pseudodynamic simulation technique for the earthquake response analysis of the frames is developed in correspondence to the pseudodynamic substructure testing method. For the thin-walled box element under shear force in the middle of beam, the numerical process is utilized by a general-purpose finite element analysis program. The numerical results show the shear collapse behaviour in stiffened box beams and corresponding restoring force - displacement relationship of frames. The advantages of shear collapse of beams for the use in frames during earthquakes are discussed from the point of view of the hysteretic energy dissipated by the column base.

  13. Description of a4-channel FPGA-controlled ADC-based DAQ system for general purpose PMT signals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conde, Ruben; Salazar, Humberto; Martinez, Oscar [Facultad de Ciencias FIsico Matematicas, BUAP, Puebla (Mexico); Villasenor, L, E-mail: rbn_cnd@hotmail.com [Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Michoacana San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Morelia (Mexico)

    2011-04-01

    We describe a general purpose data acquisition system for PMT signals. Hardware-wise it consists of a 4-channel ADC daughter board, an FPGA mother board, a GPS receiver and an atmospheric pressure sensor and a temperature sensor. The four ADC channels simultaneously sample PMT input signals with a sampling rate of 100MS/s. We have evaluated the noise of our system obtaining less than -48.6dB. This DAQ system includes a firmware suitable for pulse processing in cosmic rays applications. In particular, we describe in detail the way in which this system can be used during the commissioning and early operation phases of the High Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (HAWC) currently under construction at Sierra Negra in Mexico.

  14. RUMD: A general purpose molecular dynamics package optimized to utilize GPU hardware down to a few thousand particles

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, Nicholas P; Hansen, Jesper Schmidt; Veldhorst, Arno A; Bøhling, Lasse; Lemarchand, Claire A; Olsen, Andreas E; Bacher, Andreas K; Larsen, Heine; Dyre, Jeppe C; Schrøder, Thomas B

    2015-01-01

    RUMD is a general purpose, high-performance molecular dynamics (MD) simulation package running on graphical processing units (GPU's). RUMD addresses the challenge of utilizing the many-core nature of modern GPU hardware when simulating small to medium system sizes (roughly from a few thousand up to hundred thousand particles). It has a performance that is comparable to other GPU-MD codes at large system sizes and substantially better at smaller sizes.RUMD is open-source and consists of a library written in C++ and the CUDA extension to C, an easy-to-use Python interface, and a set of tools for set-up and post-simulation data analysis. The paper describes RUMD's main features, optimizations and performance benchmarks.

  15. General-purpose heat source: Research and development program, radioisotope thermoelectric generator/thin fragment impact test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimus, M.A.H.; Hinckley, J.E.

    1996-11-01

    The general-purpose heat source provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements in a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG). Because the potential for a launch abort or return from orbit exists for any space mission, the heat source response to credible accident scenarios is being evaluated. This test was designed to provide information on the response of a loaded RTG to impact by a fragment similar to the type of fragment produced by breakup of the spacecraft propulsion module system. The results of this test indicated that impact by a thin aluminum fragment traveling at 306 m/s may result in significant damage to the converter housing, failure of one fueled clad, and release of a small quantity of fuel.

  16. LASIP-III, a generalized processor for standard interface files. [For creating binary files from BCD input data and printing binary file data in BCD format (devised for fast reactor physics codes)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosler, G.E.; O' Dell, R.D.; Resnik, W.M.

    1976-03-01

    The LASIP-III code was developed for processing Version III standard interface data files which have been specified by the Committee on Computer Code Coordination. This processor performs two distinct tasks, namely, transforming free-field format, BCD data into well-defined binary files and providing for printing and punching data in the binary files. While LASIP-III is exported as a complete free-standing code package, techniques are described for easily separating the processor into two modules, viz., one for creating the binary files and one for printing the files. The two modules can be separated into free-standing codes or they can be incorporated into other codes. Also, the LASIP-III code can be easily expanded for processing additional files, and procedures are described for such an expansion. 2 figures, 8 tables.

  17. Time-Cost Scheduler for Technological and Economic Challenges Related to Customized Cores and General Purpose Processors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munesh Singh Chauhan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the renewed interest in the customization of embedded processors for applications specific needs, it becomes imperative to understand its viability both economically and technologically thus avoiding pitfalls. Customization and scalability are two terms which are often used synonymously to denote add/ subtract of additional functional units or increase/ decrease of ports in memory register banks in processors. The advantage that comes out of customization is in the improved performance, reduced silicon area and power efficiency. With the option of parameterizing the inclusion/ exclusion of functional units the hardware can be made leaner and thus more energy efficient. Removal of redundant units results in shortening of critical path in circuits. Though the above advantages look significant but customization carries its own pitfalls which often are intractable. Firstly, it carries an immense overhead if performed in General Purpose Processors (GPUs. Changes in the hardware architecture results in code mismatch and thus necessitates ISA (Instruction Set Architecture extensions or at times complete overhaul. Besides, users are often reluctant to adapt to the changes in ISA as it involves additional training. The final death knell may come from the limited commercial use of customized processor thus resulting in economic losses due to under-utilization of production units. Hence a new insight is needed that caters to the utilization of present technological advancements in processor customization but at the same time avoiding adverse economic fallout that comes from blindly forcing customization everywhere. A graded and selective use of customization in consonance with market and user needs is suggested. Therefore, predicting the development course of micro processors in general and embedded processors in particular will benefit businesses to correctly focus on the performance and efficiency of systems that use these processors

  18. General-purpose computer networks and resource sharing in ERDA. Volume 3. Remote resource-sharing experience and findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-07-15

    The investigation focused on heterogeneous networks in which a variety of dissimilar computers and operating systems were interconnected nationwide. Homogeneous networks, such as MFE net and SACNET, were not considered since they could not be used for general purpose resource sharing. Issues of privacy and security are of concern in any network activity. However, consideration of privacy and security of sensitive data arise to a much lesser degree in unclassified scientific research than in areas involving personal or proprietary information. Therefore, the existing mechanisms at individual sites for protecting sensitive data were relied on, and no new protection mechanisms to prevent infringement of privacy and security were attempted. Further development of ERDA networking will need to incorporate additional mechanisms to prevent infringement of privacy. The investigation itself furnishes an excellent example of computational resource sharing through a heterogeneous network. More than twenty persons, representing seven ERDA computing sites, made extensive use of both ERDA and non-ERDA computers in coordinating, compiling, and formatting the data which constitute the bulk of this report. Volume 3 analyzes the benefits and barriers encountered in actual resource sharing experience, and provides case histories of typical applications.

  19. MetaboLights--an open-access general-purpose repository for metabolomics studies and associated meta-data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug, Kenneth; Salek, Reza M; Conesa, Pablo; Hastings, Janna; de Matos, Paula; Rijnbeek, Mark; Mahendraker, Tejasvi; Williams, Mark; Neumann, Steffen; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Maguire, Eamonn; González-Beltrán, Alejandra; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Griffin, Julian L; Steinbeck, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    MetaboLights (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/metabolights) is the first general-purpose, open-access repository for metabolomics studies, their raw experimental data and associated metadata, maintained by one of the major open-access data providers in molecular biology. Metabolomic profiling is an important tool for research into biological functioning and into the systemic perturbations caused by diseases, diet and the environment. The effectiveness of such methods depends on the availability of public open data across a broad range of experimental methods and conditions. The MetaboLights repository, powered by the open source ISA framework, is cross-species and cross-technique. It will cover metabolite structures and their reference spectra as well as their biological roles, locations, concentrations and raw data from metabolic experiments. Studies automatically receive a stable unique accession number that can be used as a publication reference (e.g. MTBLS1). At present, the repository includes 15 submitted studies, encompassing 93 protocols for 714 assays, and span over 8 different species including human, Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus musculus and Arabidopsis thaliana. Eight hundred twenty-seven of the metabolites identified in these studies have been mapped to ChEBI. These studies cover a variety of techniques, including NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.

  20. MetaboLights—an open-access general-purpose repository for metabolomics studies and associated meta-data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug, Kenneth; Salek, Reza M.; Conesa, Pablo; Hastings, Janna; de Matos, Paula; Rijnbeek, Mark; Mahendraker, Tejasvi; Williams, Mark; Neumann, Steffen; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Maguire, Eamonn; González-Beltrán, Alejandra; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Griffin, Julian L.; Steinbeck, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    MetaboLights (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/metabolights) is the first general-purpose, open-access repository for metabolomics studies, their raw experimental data and associated metadata, maintained by one of the major open-access data providers in molecular biology. Metabolomic profiling is an important tool for research into biological functioning and into the systemic perturbations caused by diseases, diet and the environment. The effectiveness of such methods depends on the availability of public open data across a broad range of experimental methods and conditions. The MetaboLights repository, powered by the open source ISA framework, is cross-species and cross-technique. It will cover metabolite structures and their reference spectra as well as their biological roles, locations, concentrations and raw data from metabolic experiments. Studies automatically receive a stable unique accession number that can be used as a publication reference (e.g. MTBLS1). At present, the repository includes 15 submitted studies, encompassing 93 protocols for 714 assays, and span over 8 different species including human, Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus musculus and Arabidopsis thaliana. Eight hundred twenty-seven of the metabolites identified in these studies have been mapped to ChEBI. These studies cover a variety of techniques, including NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. PMID:23109552

  1. The EB Factory Project I. A Fast, Neural Net Based, General Purpose Light Curve Classifier Optimized for Eclipsing Binaries

    CERN Document Server

    Paegert, M; Burger, D M

    2014-01-01

    We describe a new neural-net based light curve classifier and provide it with documentation as a ready-to-use tool for the community. While optimized for identification and classification of eclipsing binary stars, the classifier is general purpose, and has been developed for speed in the context of upcoming massive surveys such as LSST. A challenge for classifiers in the context of neural-net training and massive data sets is to minimize the number of parameters required to describe each light curve. We show that a simple and fast geometric representation that encodes the overall light curve shape, together with a chi-square parameter to capture higher-order morphology information results in efficient yet robust light curve classification, especially for eclipsing binaries. Testing the classifier on the ASAS light curve database, we achieve a retrieval rate of 98\\% and a false-positive rate of 2\\% for eclipsing binaries. We achieve similarly high retrieval rates for most other periodic variable-star classes,...

  2. Deposition, characterization, and in vivo performance of parylene coating on general-purpose silicone for examining potential biocompatible surface modifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chou, Chia-Man [Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, 160, Sec. 3, Taichung Port Rd., Taichung 40705, Taiwan, ROC (China); Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Taipei 11221, Taiwan, ROC (China); Shiao, Chiao-Ju [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Feng Chia University, 100, Wen-Hwa Rd., Taichung 40724, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chung, Chi-Jen, E-mail: cjchung@seed.net.tw [Department of Dental Technology and Materials Science, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 666 Buzih Rd., Beitun District, Taichung 40601, Taiwan, ROC (China); He, Ju-Liang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Feng Chia University, 100, Wen-Hwa Rd., Taichung 40724, Taiwan, ROC (China)

    2013-12-31

    In this study, a thorough investigation of parylene coatings was conducted, as follows: microstructure (i.e., X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and cold field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM)), mechanical property (i.e., pencil hardness and cross-cut adhesion test), surface property (i.e., water contact angle measurement, IR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)), and biocompatibility tests (i.e., fibroblast cell culture, platelet adhesion, and animal studies). The results revealed that parylene, a crystalline and brittle coating, exhibited satisfactory film adhesion and relative hydrophobicity, thereby contributing to its effective barrier properties. Fibroblast cell culturing on the parylene-deposited specimen demonstrated improved cell proliferation and equivalent to or superior blood compatibility than that of the medical-grade silicone (currently used clinically). In the animal study, parylene coatings exhibited similar subcutaneous inflammatory reactions compared with the medical-grade silicone. Both in vitro and in vivo tests demonstrated the satisfactory biocompatibility of parylene coatings. - Highlights: • A complete investigation to identify the characteristics of parylene coatings on general-purpose silicones. • Microstructures, surface properties and mechanical properties of parylene coatings were examined. • In vitro (Cell culture, platelet adhesion) tests and animal studies revealed satisfactory biocompatibility. • An alternative of medical-grade silicones is expected to be obtained.

  3. GPHS-RTG system explosion test direct course experiment 5000. [General Purpose Heat Source-Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-03-01

    The General Purpose Heat Source-Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (GPHS-RTG) has been designed and is being built to provide electrical power for spacecrafts to be launched on the Space Shuttle. The objective of the RTG System Explosion Test was to expose a mock-up of the GPHS-RTG with a simulated heat source to the overpressure and impulse representative of a potential upper magnitude explosion of the Space Shuttle. The test was designed so that the heat source module would experience an overpressure at which the survival of the fuel element cladding would be expected to be marginal. Thus, the mock-up was placed where the predicted incident overpressure would be 1300 psi. The mock-up was mounted in an orientation representative of the launch configuration on the spacecraft to be used on the NASA Galileo Mission. The incident overpressure measured was in the range of 1400 to 2100 psi. The mock-up and simulated heat source were destroyed and only very small fragments were recovered. This damage is believed to have resulted from a combination of the overpressure and impact by very high velocity fragments from the ANFO sphere. Post-test analysis indicated that extreme working of the iridium clad material occurred, indicative of intensive impulsive loading on the metal.

  4. General-purpose computer networks and resource sharing in ERDA. Volume 3. Remote resource-sharing experience and findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-07-15

    The investigation focused on heterogeneous networks in which a variety of dissimilar computers and operating systems were interconnected nationwide. Homogeneous networks, such as MFE net and SACNET, were not considered since they could not be used for general purpose resource sharing. Issues of privacy and security are of concern in any network activity. However, consideration of privacy and security of sensitive data arise to a much lesser degree in unclassified scientific research than in areas involving personal or proprietary information. Therefore, the existing mechanisms at individual sites for protecting sensitive data were relied on, and no new protection mechanisms to prevent infringement of privacy and security were attempted. Further development of ERDA networking will need to incorporate additional mechanisms to prevent infringement of privacy. The investigation itself furnishes an excellent example of computational resource sharing through a heterogeneous network. More than twenty persons, representing seven ERDA computing sites, made extensive use of both ERDA and non-ERDA computers in coordinating, compiling, and formatting the data which constitute the bulk of this report. Volume 3 analyzes the benefits and barriers encountered in actual resource sharing experience, and provides case histories of typical applications.

  5. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (Ⅱ): OOD design and corrosion data markup language (CDML)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    With object oriented design/analysis, a general purpose corrosion data model (GPCDM) and a corrosion data markup language (CDML) are created to meet the increasing demand of multi-source corrosion data integration and sharing. "Cor- rosion data island" is proposed to model the corrosion data of comprehensiveness and self-contained. The island of tree-liked structure contains six first-level child nodes to characterize every important aspect of the corrosion data. Each first-level node holds more child nodes recursively as data containers. The design of data structure inside the island is intended to decrease the learning curve and break the acceptance barrier of GPCDM and CDML. A detailed explanation about the role and meaning of the first-level nodes are presented with examples chosen carefully in order to review the design goals and requirements proposed in the previous paper. Then, CDML tag structure and CDML application programming interface (API) are introduced in logic order. At the end, the roles of GPCDM, CDML and its API in the multi-source corrosion data integration and information sharing are highlighted and projected.

  6. Corrosion science general-purpose data model and interface (Ⅱ): OOD design and corrosion data markup language (CDML)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG ZiLong

    2008-01-01

    With object oriented design/analysis, a general purpose corrosion data model (GPCDM) and a corrosion data markup language (CDML) are created to meet the increasing demand of multi-source corrosion data integration and sharing. "Cor-rosion data island" is proposed to model the corrosion data of comprehensiveness and self-contained. The island of tree-liked structure contains six first-level child nodes to characterize every important aspect of the corrosion data. Each first-level node holds more child nodes recursively as data containers. The design of data structure inside the island is intended to decrease the learning curve and break the acceptance barrier of GPCDM and CDML. A detailed explanation about the role and meaning of the first-level nodes are presented with examples chosen carefully in order to review the design goals and requirements proposed in the previous paper. Then, CDML tag structure and CDML application programming interface (API) are introduced in logic order. At the end, the roles of GPCDM, CDML and its API in the multi-source corrosion data integration and information sharing are highlighted and projected.

  7. Research and Development of the General-Purpose Computation on GPUs%GPGPU技术研究与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林一松; 唐玉华; 唐滔

    2011-01-01

    半导体工艺的发展使得芯片上集成的晶体管数目不断增加,图形处理器的存储和计算能力也越来越强大.目前,GPU的峰值运算能力已经远远超出主流的CPU,它在非图形计算领域,特别是高性能计算领域的潜力已经引起越来越多研究者的关注.本文介绍了GPU用于通用计算的原理以及目前学 术界和产业界关于GPGPU体系结构和编程模型方面的最新研究成果.%With the development of the semiconductor technology? The number of transistors integrated on a chip keeps increasing. Consequently, the computation and memory capacity of graphics processing units improve rapidly. So far, the floating-point computing capacity of GPUs has greatly exceeded that of CPUs, and the potential of GPUs in the non-graphic computing field, especially in high performance computing, has attracted more and more researchers' attention. This paper gives an introduction to the principles of the general purpose computation on GPUs and the latest research results about architecture and the programming model of GPGPU from both the research community and industry.

  8. Cafe Variome: general-purpose software for making genotype-phenotype data discoverable in restricted or open access contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancaster, Owen; Beck, Tim; Atlan, David; Swertz, Morris; Thangavelu, Dhiwagaran; Veal, Colin; Dalgleish, Raymond; Brookes, Anthony J

    2015-10-01

    Biomedical data sharing is desirable, but problematic. Data "discovery" approaches-which establish the existence rather than the substance of data-precisely connect data owners with data seekers, and thereby promote data sharing. Cafe Variome (http://www.cafevariome.org) was therefore designed to provide a general-purpose, Web-based, data discovery tool that can be quickly installed by any genotype-phenotype data owner, or network of data owners, to make safe or sensitive content appropriately discoverable. Data fields or content of any type can be accommodated, from simple ID and label fields through to extensive genotype and phenotype details based on ontologies. The system provides a "shop window" in front of data, with main interfaces being a simple search box and a powerful "query-builder" that enable very elaborate queries to be formulated. After a successful search, counts of records are reported grouped by "openAccess" (data may be directly accessed), "linkedAccess" (a source link is provided), and "restrictedAccess" (facilitated data requests and subsequent provision of approved records). An administrator interface provides a wide range of options for system configuration, enabling highly customized single-site or federated networks to be established. Current uses include rare disease data discovery, patient matchmaking, and a Beacon Web service.

  9. In vivo dosimetry in intraoperative electron radiotherapy. microMOSFETs, radiochromic films and a general-purpose linac

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Tarjuelo, Juan; Marco-Blancas, Noelia de; Santos-Serra, Agustin; Quiros-Higueras, Juan David [Consorcio Hospitalario Provincial de Castellon, Servicio de Radiofisica y Proteccion Radiologica, Castellon de la Plana (Spain); Bouche-Babiloni, Ana; Morillo-Macias, Virginia; Ferrer-Albiach, Carlos [Consorcio Hospitalario Provincial de Castellon, Servicio de Oncologia Radioterapica, Castellon de la Plana (Spain)

    2014-11-15

    In vivo dosimetry is desirable for the verification, recording, and eventual correction of treatment in intraoperative electron radiotherapy (IOERT). Our aim is to share our experience of metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) and radiochromic films with patients undergoing IOERT using a general-purpose linac. We used MOSFETs inserted into sterile bronchus catheters and radiochromic films that were cut, digitized, and sterilized by means of gas plasma. In all, 59 measurements were taken from 27 patients involving 15 primary tumors (seven breast and eight non-breast tumors) and 12 relapses. Data were subjected to an outliers' analysis and classified according to their compatibility with the relevant doses. Associations were sought regarding the type of detector, breast and non-breast irradiation, and the radiation oncologist's assessment of the difficulty of detector placement. At the same time, 19 measurements were carried out at the tumor bed with both detectors. MOSFET measurements (D = 93.5 %, s{sub D} = 6.5 %) were not significantly shifted from film measurements (D = 96.0 %, s{sub D} = 5.5 %; p = 0.109), and no associations were found (p = 0.526, p = 0.295, and p = 0.501, respectively). As regards measurements performed at the tumor bed with both detectors, MOSFET measurements (D = 95.0 %, s{sub D} = 5.4 %) were not significantly shifted from film measurements (D = 96.4 %, s{sub D} = 5.0 %; p = 0.363). In vivo dosimetry can produce satisfactory results at every studied location with a general-purpose linac. Detector choice should depend on user factors, not on the detector performance itself. Surgical team collaboration is crucial to success. (orig.) [German] Die In-vivo-Dosimetrie ist wuenschenswert fuer die Ueberpruefung, Registrierung und die eventuelle Korrektur der Behandlungen in der IOERT (''Intraoperative Electron Radiation Therapy''). Unser Ziel ist die Veroeffentlichung unserer Erfahrungen beim

  10. The ESPAT tool: a general-purpose DSS shell for solving stochastic optimization problems in complex river-aquifer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macian-Sorribes, Hector; Pulido-Velazquez, Manuel; Tilmant, Amaury

    2015-04-01

    Stochastic programming methods are better suited to deal with the inherent uncertainty of inflow time series in water resource management. However, one of the most important hurdles in their use in practical implementations is the lack of generalized Decision Support System (DSS) shells, usually based on a deterministic approach. The purpose of this contribution is to present a general-purpose DSS shell, named Explicit Stochastic Programming Advanced Tool (ESPAT), able to build and solve stochastic programming problems for most water resource systems. It implements a hydro-economic approach, optimizing the total system benefits as the sum of the benefits obtained by each user. It has been coded using GAMS, and implements a Microsoft Excel interface with a GAMS-Excel link that allows the user to introduce the required data and recover the results. Therefore, no GAMS skills are required to run the program. The tool is divided into four modules according to its capabilities: 1) the ESPATR module, which performs stochastic optimization procedures in surface water systems using a Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programming (SDDP) approach; 2) the ESPAT_RA module, which optimizes coupled surface-groundwater systems using a modified SDDP approach; 3) the ESPAT_SDP module, capable of performing stochastic optimization procedures in small-size surface systems using a standard SDP approach; and 4) the ESPAT_DET module, which implements a deterministic programming procedure using non-linear programming, able to solve deterministic optimization problems in complex surface-groundwater river basins. The case study of the Mijares river basin (Spain) is used to illustrate the method. It consists in two reservoirs in series, one aquifer and four agricultural demand sites currently managed using historical (XIV century) rights, which give priority to the most traditional irrigation district over the XX century agricultural developments. Its size makes it possible to use either the SDP or

  11. Development and validation of a general-purpose ASIC chip for the control of switched reluctance machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Haijin [National ASIC System Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Jiang-Su Provincial Key Lab of ASIC Design, Nantong University, Nantong 226019 (China)], E-mail: chen.hj@ntu.edu.cn; Lu Shengli; Shi Longxing [National ASIC System Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

    2009-03-15

    A general-purpose application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chip for the control of switched reluctance machines (SRMs) was designed and validated to fill the gap between the microcontroller capability and the controller requirements of high performance switched reluctance drive (SRD) systems. It can be used for the control of SRM running either in low speed or in high-speed, i.e., either in chopped current control (CCC) mode or in angular position control (APC) mode. Main functions of the chip include filtering and cycle calculation of rotor angular position signals, commutation logic according to rotor cycle and turn-on/turn-off angles ({theta}{sub on}/{theta}{sub off}), controllable pulse width modulation (PWM) waveforms generation, chopping control with adjustable delay time, and commutation control with adjustable delay time. All the control parameters of the chip are set online by the microcontroller through a serial peripheral interface (SPI). The chip has been designed with the standard cell based design methodology, and implemented in the central semiconductor manufacturing corporation (CSMC) 0.5 {mu}m complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process technology. After a successful automatic test equipment (ATE) test using the Nextest's Maverick test system, the chip was further validated through an experimental three-phase 6/2-pole SRD system. Both the ATE test and experimental validation results show that the chip can meet the control requirements of high performance SRD systems, and simplify the controller construction. For a resolution of 0.36 deg. (electrical degree), the chip's maximum processable frequency of the rotor angular position signals is 10 kHz, which is 300,000 rev/min when a three-phase 6/2-pole SRM is concerned.

  12. Development and validation of a general-purpose ASIC chip for the control of switched reluctance machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Hai-Jin [National ASIC System Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)]|[Jiang-Su Provincial Key Lab of ASIC Design, Nantong University, Nantong 226019 (China); Lu, Sheng-Li; Shi, Long-Xing [National ASIC System Engineering Research Center, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

    2009-03-15

    A general-purpose application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chip for the control of switched reluctance machines (SRMs) was designed and validated to fill the gap between the microcontroller capability and the controller requirements of high performance switched reluctance drive (SRD) systems. It can be used for the control of SRM running either in low speed or in high-speed, i.e., either in chopped current control (CCC) mode or in angular position control (APC) mode. Main functions of the chip include filtering and cycle calculation of rotor angular position signals, commutation logic according to rotor cycle and turn-on/turn-off angles ({theta}{sub on}/{theta}{sub off}), controllable pulse width modulation (PWM) waveforms generation, chopping control with adjustable delay time, and commutation control with adjustable delay time. All the control parameters of the chip are set online by the microcontroller through a serial peripheral interface (SPI). The chip has been designed with the standard cell based design methodology, and implemented in the central semiconductor manufacturing corporation (CSMC) 0.5 {mu}m complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process technology. After a successful automatic test equipment (ATE) test using the Nextest's Maverick test system, the chip was further validated through an experimental three-phase 6/2-pole SRD system. Both the ATE test and experimental validation results show that the chip can meet the control requirements of high performance SRD systems, and simplify the controller construction. For a resolution of 0.36 (electrical degree), the chip's maximum processable frequency of the rotor angular position signals is 10 kHz, which is 300,000 rev/min when a three-phase 6/2-pole SRM is concerned. (author)

  13. Ultra-fast digital tomosynthesis reconstruction using general-purpose GPU programming for image-guided radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Justin C; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Jin Sung; Han, Youngyih; Cho, Min Kook; Kim, Ho Kyung; Liu, Zhaowei; Jiang, Steve B; Song, Bongyong; Song, William Y

    2011-08-01

    The purpose of this work is to demonstrate an ultra-fast reconstruction technique for digital tomosynthesis (DTS) imaging based on the algorithm proposed by Feldkamp, Davis, and Kress (FDK) using standard general-purpose graphics processing unit (GPGPU) programming interface. To this end, the FDK-based DTS algorithm was programmed "in-house" with C language with utilization of 1) GPU and 2) central processing unit (CPU) cards. The GPU card consisted of 480 processing cores (2 x 240 dual chip) with 1,242 MHz processing clock speed and 1,792 MB memory space. In terms of CPU hardware, we used 2.68 GHz clock speed, 12.0 GB DDR3 RAM, on a 64-bit OS. The performance of proposed algorithm was tested on twenty-five patient cases (5 lung, 5 liver, 10 prostate, and 5 head-and-neck) scanned either with a full-fan or half-fan mode on our cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system. For the full-fan scans, the projections from 157.5°-202.5° (45°-scan) were used to reconstruct coronal DTS slices, whereas for the half-fan scans, the projections from both 157.5°-202.5° and 337.5°-22.5° (2 x 45°-scan) were used to reconstruct larger FOV coronal DTS slices. For this study, we chose 45°-scan angle that contained ~80 projections for the full-fan and ~160 projections with 2 x 45°-scan angle for the half-fan mode, each with 1024 x 768 pixels with 32-bit precision. Absolute pixel value differences, profiles, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) calculations were performed to compare and evaluate the images reconstructed using GPU- and CPU-based implementations. The time dependence on the reconstruction volume was also tested with (512 x 512) x 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256 slices. In the end, the GPU-based implementation achieved, at most, 1.3 and 2.5 seconds to complete full reconstruction of 512 x 512 x 256 volume, for the full-fan and half-fan modes, respectively. In turn, this meant that our implementation can process > 13 projections-per-second (pps) and > 18 pps for the full

  14. JENDL fusion file 99

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiba, Satoshi; Fukahori, Tokio; Shibata, Keiichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yu Baosheng [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing (China); Kosako, Kazuaki [Sumitomo Atomic Industries, Tokyo (Japan); Yamamuro, Nobuhiro [Data Engineering Co. Ltd., Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)

    2002-02-01

    The double-differential cross sections (DDXs) of secondary neutrons have been evaluated for 79 isotopes and 13 natural elements ranging from H to Bi to improve the accuracy of predictions for the neutronics calculations in the D-T thermonuclear fusion applications. The data given in JENDL-3.1, which was the newest version of JENDL general purpose file when this project was initiated, was combined with new calculations based on the optical model, DWBA, pre-equilibrium and multi-step statistical models, and the DDX data were generated based on various kinds of systematics for medium-mass nuclei. Different methods were employed for light nuclei to which the above method could not be applied. In addition, the DDXs for emission of charged particles (p, d, t, {sup 3}He and {alpha}-particle) were given for {sup 2}H, {sup 9}Be and elements heavier or equal to F. The present results give an overall good description of the measured DDX data of both the neutron and charged particles emission channels. The data were compiled in ENDF-6 format, and released in 1999 as a special purpose file of JENDL family, namely, JENDL Fusion File 99. (author)

  15. General Purpose Ground Forces: What Purpose?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-06

    PEACEKEEPING CONTINGENCY eSTRATEGIC RESERVE " ACTIVEARMY DIVlSIO S 1 Note a 1 5 Note b 2 Note c ! ~ESERVE ARMY _ S , EAVY]CADRE REGIS... designed to perform traditional domestic missions and those overseas humanitarian and peacekeeping assignments that carry litt].e risk of combat

  16. "I Love Knowing That What I'm Doing Has Purpose": Male Instrumentalists Who Choose to Teach Elementary General Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shouldice, Heather Nelson

    2017-01-01

    Few entering music education students plan to teach in an elementary general music (EGM) setting, and the majority of those who teach EGM are female and have vocalist backgrounds. The purpose of this collective case study was to examine six male instrumentalists' decisions to pursue a career in EGM teaching rather than secondary instrumental…

  17. 12 CFR 5.4 - Filing required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CORPORATE ACTIVITIES Rules of General Applicability § 5.4 Filing required. (a) Filing. A depository institution shall file an application or notice with the OCC to engage in corporate activities and... advise an applicant through a pre-filing communication to send the filing or submission directly to...

  18. General Purpose Force Capability; the Challenge of Versatility and Achieving Balance Along the Widest Possible Spectrum of Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    conflict and managing competing resources. la rfare efined The 2006 Irregular Warfa re JOC defined Irregular Warfare as: “A violent struggle...general war from what was efined e s into fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Soviet conventi U.S. struggled to anticipate and failed to

  19. 三元乙丙橡胶对通用树脂的共混改性%EPDM on modification of general purpose resins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国维; 方征平; 许承威

    2001-01-01

    总结了三元乙丙橡胶(EPDM)作为抗冲击改性剂对聚氯乙烯、聚乙烯、聚苯乙烯等通用树脂的改性及其机理,探讨了EPDM应用于通用树脂多组分共混的效果和前景,为大品种通用树脂共混改性提供了理论基础。%The methods and mechanisms of ethy-lene-propylene-diene monomer(EPDM) whichwas used as a a good impact modifier on the modi-fication of several general purpose resins,such aspolyvinyl chloride,polyethylene,polystyrene werereviewed. The effects and prospects of EPDM used inmulticomponent general resins blends were dis-cussed. A good theoretical foundation for the modi-fication of mixed general purpose resins was provid-ed.

  20. Bilingual Language Control and General Purpose Cognitive Control among Individuals with Bilingual Aphasia: Evidence Based on Negative Priming and Flanker Tasks

    OpenAIRE

    Tanya Dash; Kar, Bhoomika R.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control. The interaction between bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control systems can also be understood by studying executive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia. Objectives. The current study examined the subcomponents of cognitive control in bilingual aphasia. A case study approach was used to investigate whether cognitive control and language control are two separate syste...

  1. Bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia: evidence based on negative priming and flanker tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, Tanya; Kar, Bhoomika R

    2014-01-01

    Bilingualism results in an added advantage with respect to cognitive control. The interaction between bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control systems can also be understood by studying executive control among individuals with bilingual aphasia. objectives: The current study examined the subcomponents of cognitive control in bilingual aphasia. A case study approach was used to investigate whether cognitive control and language control are two separate systems and how factors related to bilingualism interact with control processes. Four individuals with bilingual aphasia performed a language background questionnaire, picture description task, and two experimental tasks (nonlinguistic negative priming task and linguistic and nonlinguistic versions of flanker task). A descriptive approach was used to analyse the data using reaction time and accuracy measures. The cumulative distribution function plots were used to visualize the variations in performance across conditions. The results highlight the distinction between general purpose cognitive control and bilingual language control mechanisms. All participants showed predominant use of the reactive control mechanism to compensate for the limited resources system. Independent yet interactive systems for bilingual language control and general purpose cognitive control were postulated based on the experimental data derived from individuals with bilingual aphasia.

  2. 利用GPU进行通用数值计算的研究%Research on General-Purpose Computation Using GPU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐品; 蓝善祯; 刘兰兰

    2009-01-01

    近年来,图形处理器(GPU)的发展日益成熟,应用范围不在局限于计算机图形学本身,已逐步扩展到通用数值计算领域.本文介绍了最新GPU用于通用计算的原理和方法,并在图像处理和科学计算方面对GPU和CPU算法进行了计算速度的对比研究,实验结果表明GPU在通用计算领域相对于CPU具有明显优势.%Recently, the development of Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) has become more and more sophisticated. The scope of application of GPU has been expanded to general purpose com-putations, except from those applications in graphics itself. In this paper, a detail introduction is given to the principles and methods of general purpose computation by GPU, and a comparative study of the calculation speed of GPU and CPU algorithm in image processing and scientific com-puting is made, and the experimental results show that GPU has an obvious advantage in general purpose computing compared with CPU.

  3. S2O - A software tool for integrating research data from general purpose statistic software into electronic data capture systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruland, Philipp; Dugas, Martin

    2017-01-07

    Data capture for clinical registries or pilot studies is often performed in spreadsheet-based applications like Microsoft Excel or IBM SPSS. Usually, data is transferred into statistic software, such as SAS, R or IBM SPSS Statistics, for analyses afterwards. Spreadsheet-based solutions suffer from several drawbacks: It is generally not possible to ensure a sufficient right and role management; it is not traced who has changed data when and why. Therefore, such systems are not able to comply with regulatory requirements for electronic data capture in clinical trials. In contrast, Electronic Data Capture (EDC) software enables a reliable, secure and auditable collection of data. In this regard, most EDC vendors support the CDISC ODM standard to define, communicate and archive clinical trial meta- and patient data. Advantages of EDC systems are support for multi-user and multicenter clinical trials as well as auditable data. Migration from spreadsheet based data collection to EDC systems is labor-intensive and time-consuming at present. Hence, the objectives of this research work are to develop a mapping model and implement a converter between the IBM SPSS and CDISC ODM standard and to evaluate this approach regarding syntactic and semantic correctness. A mapping model between IBM SPSS and CDISC ODM data structures was developed. SPSS variables and patient values can be mapped and converted into ODM. Statistical and display attributes from SPSS are not corresponding to any ODM elements; study related ODM elements are not available in SPSS. The S2O converting tool was implemented as command-line-tool using the SPSS internal Java plugin. Syntactic and semantic correctness was validated with different ODM tools and reverse transformation from ODM into SPSS format. Clinical data values were also successfully transformed into the ODM structure. Transformation between the spreadsheet format IBM SPSS and the ODM standard for definition and exchange of trial data is feasible

  4. 从图形处理器到基于GPU的通用计算%From Graphic Processing Unit to General Purpose Graphic Processing Unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金硕; 刘天晓; 吴慧; 曾秋梅; 任梦菲; 顾宜淳

    2013-01-01

    对GPU(graphic process unit)、基于GPU的通用计算(general purpose GPU,GPGPU)、基于GPU的编程模型与环境进行了界定;将GPU的发展分为4个阶段,阐述了GPU的架构由非统一的渲染架构到统一的渲染架构,再到新一代的费米架构的变化;通过对基于GPU的通用计算的架构与多核CPU架构、分布式集群架构进行了软硬件的对比.分析表明:当进行中粒度的线程级数据密集型并行运算时,采用多核多线程并行;当进行粗粒度的网络密集型并行运算时,采用集群并行;当进行细粒度的计算密集型并行运算时,采用GPU通用计算并行.最后本文展示了未来的GPGPU的研究热点和发展方向--GPGPU自动并行化、CUDA对多种语言的支持、CUDA的性能优化,并介绍了GPGPU的一些典型应用.%This paper defines the outline of GPU(graphic processing unit) , the general purpose computation, the programming model and the environment for GPU. Besides, it introduces the evolution process from GPU to GPGPU (general purpose graphic processing unit) , and the change from non-uniform render architecture to the unified render architecture and the next Fermi architecture in details. Then it compares GPGPU architecture with multi-core GPU architecture and distributed cluster architecture from the perspective of software and hardware. When doing the middle grain level thread data intensive parallel computing, the multi-core and multi-thread should be utilized. When doing the coarse grain network computing, the cluster computing should be utilized. When doing the fine grained compute intensive parallel computing, the general purpose computation should be adopted. Meanwhile, some classical applications of GPGPU have been mentioned. At last, this paper demonstrates the further developments and research hotspots of GPGPU, which are automatic parallelization of GPGPU, multi-language support and performance optimization of CUDA, and introduces the classic

  5. The time-resolved and extreme conditions XAS (TEXAS) facility at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility: the general-purpose EXAFS bending-magnet beamline BM23

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathon, O., E-mail: mathon@esrf.fr; Beteva, A.; Borrel, J.; Bugnazet, D.; Gatla, S.; Hino, R.; Kantor, I.; Mairs, T. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CS 40220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Munoz, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CS 40220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Université Joseph Fourier, 1381 rue de la Piscine, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Pasternak, S.; Perrin, F.; Pascarelli, S. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CS 40220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2015-10-17

    BM23 is the general-purpose EXAFS bending-magnet beamline at the ESRF, replacing the former BM29 beamline in the framework of the ESRF upgrade. Its mission is to serve the whole XAS user community by providing access to a basic service in addition to the many specialized instruments available at the ESRF. BM23 offers high-signal-to-noise ratio EXAFS in a large energy range (5–75 keV), continuous energy scanning for quick-EXAFS on the second timescale and a micro-XAS station delivering a spot size of 4 µm × 4 µm FWHM. BM23 is the general-purpose EXAFS bending-magnet beamline at the ESRF, replacing the former BM29 beamline in the framework of the ESRF upgrade. Its mission is to serve the whole XAS user community by providing access to a basic service in addition to the many specialized instruments available at the ESRF. BM23 offers high signal-to-noise ratio EXAFS in a large energy range (5–75 keV), continuous energy scanning for quick-EXAFS on the second timescale and a micro-XAS station delivering a spot size of 4 µm × 4 µm FWHM. It is a user-friendly facility featuring a high degree of automation, online EXAFS data reduction and a flexible sample environment.

  6. 48 CFR 1404.802 - Contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 1404.802 Section 1404.802 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1404.802 Contract files. In addition to the requirements in FAR 4.802, files...

  7. The new versatile general purpose surface-muon instrument (GPS) based on silicon photomultipliers for μSR measurements on a continuous-wave beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato, A.; Luetkens, H.; Sedlak, K.; Stoykov, A.; Scheuermann, R.; Elender, M.; Raselli, A.; Graf, D.

    2017-09-01

    We report on the design and commissioning of a new spectrometer for muon-spin relaxation/rotation studies installed at the Swiss Muon Source (SμS) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI, Switzerland). This new instrument is essentially a new design and replaces the old general-purpose surface-muon (GPS) instrument that has been for long the workhorse of the μSR user facility at PSI. By making use of muon and positron detectors made of plastic scintillators read out by silicon photomultipliers, a time resolution of the complete instrument of about 160 ps (standard deviation) could be achieved. In addition, the absence of light guides, which are needed in traditionally built μSR instrument to deliver the scintillation light to photomultiplier tubes located outside magnetic fields applied, allowed us to design a compact instrument with a detector set covering an increased solid angle compared with the old GPS.

  8. Software & Hardware Architecture of General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit%GPU通用计算软硬件处理架构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢建春

    2013-01-01

    现代GPU不仅是功能强劲的图形处理引擎,也是具有强大计算性能和存储带宽的高度并行可编程器件,能够与CPU构建完整的异构处理系统.而将GPU用于图形处理以外的计算,一般称之为GPU通用计算(General-Purpose computing on Graphics Processing Unit,GPGPU).对GPU通用计算的概念及分类、硬件架构及工作机制、软件环境及处理模型进行详细的研究,期望为GPU通用计算在航空嵌入式计算领域的进一步应用提供参考.

  9. High Precision Thermal, Structural and Optical Analysis of an External Occulter Using a Common Model and the General Purpose Multi-Physics Analysis Tool Cielo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Claus; Cady, Eric; Chainyk, Mike; Kissil, Andrew; Levine, Marie; Moore, Greg

    2011-01-01

    The efficient simulation of multidisciplinary thermo-opto-mechanical effects in precision deployable systems has for years been limited by numerical toolsets that do not necessarily share the same finite element basis, level of mesh discretization, data formats, or compute platforms. Cielo, a general purpose integrated modeling tool funded by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Exoplanet Exploration Program, addresses shortcomings in the current state of the art via features that enable the use of a single, common model for thermal, structural and optical aberration analysis, producing results of greater accuracy, without the need for results interpolation or mapping. This paper will highlight some of these advances, and will demonstrate them within the context of detailed external occulter analyses, focusing on in-plane deformations of the petal edges for both steady-state and transient conditions, with subsequent optical performance metrics including intensity distributions at the pupil and image plane.

  10. High Precision Thermal, Structural and Optical Analysis of an External Occulter Using a Common Model and the General Purpose Multi-Physics Analysis Tool Cielo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Claus; Cady, Eric; Chainyk, Mike; Kissil, Andrew; Levine, Marie; Moore, Greg

    2011-01-01

    The efficient simulation of multidisciplinary thermo-opto-mechanical effects in precision deployable systems has for years been limited by numerical toolsets that do not necessarily share the same finite element basis, level of mesh discretization, data formats, or compute platforms. Cielo, a general purpose integrated modeling tool funded by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Exoplanet Exploration Program, addresses shortcomings in the current state of the art via features that enable the use of a single, common model for thermal, structural and optical aberration analysis, producing results of greater accuracy, without the need for results interpolation or mapping. This paper will highlight some of these advances, and will demonstrate them within the context of detailed external occulter analyses, focusing on in-plane deformations of the petal edges for both steady-state and transient conditions, with subsequent optical performance metrics including intensity distributions at the pupil and image plane.

  11. Optimization of GATE and PHITS Monte Carlo code parameters for uniform scanning proton beam based on simulation with FLUKA general-purpose code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurosu, Keita [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Takashina, Masaaki; Koizumi, Masahiko [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Das, Indra J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States); Moskvin, Vadim P., E-mail: vadim.p.moskvin@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202 (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Although three general-purpose Monte Carlo (MC) simulation tools: Geant4, FLUKA and PHITS have been used extensively, differences in calculation results have been reported. The major causes are the implementation of the physical model, preset value of the ionization potential or definition of the maximum step size. In order to achieve artifact free MC simulation, an optimized parameters list for each simulation system is required. Several authors have already proposed the optimized lists, but those studies were performed with a simple system such as only a water phantom. Since particle beams have a transport, interaction and electromagnetic processes during beam delivery, establishment of an optimized parameters-list for whole beam delivery system is therefore of major importance. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimized parameters list for GATE and PHITS using proton treatment nozzle computational model. The simulation was performed with the broad scanning proton beam. The influences of the customizing parameters on the percentage depth dose (PDD) profile and the proton range were investigated by comparison with the result of FLUKA, and then the optimal parameters were determined. The PDD profile and the proton range obtained from our optimized parameters list showed different characteristics from the results obtained with simple system. This led to the conclusion that the physical model, particle transport mechanics and different geometry-based descriptions need accurate customization in planning computational experiments for artifact-free MC simulation.

  12. 12 CFR 908.25 - Filing of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing of papers. 908.25 Section 908.25 Banks... RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD General Rules § 908.25 Filing of papers. (a) Filing. Any papers required to be filed shall be addressed to the presiding officer and filed with...

  13. 46 CFR 531.5 - Duty to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duty to file. 531.5 Section 531.5 Shipping FEDERAL... General Provisions § 531.5 Duty to file. (a) The duty under this part to file NSAs, amendments and notices.... (d) Registration—(1) Application. Authority to file or delegate the authority to file must...

  14. OTS: a program for converting Noldus Observer data files to SDIS files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakeman, R; Quera, V

    2000-02-01

    A program for converting Noldus Observer data files (ODF) to sequential data interchange standard (SDIS) files is described. Observer users who convert their data files can then take advantage of various flexible and powerful data modification and computational procedures available in the Generalized Sequential Querier, a program that assumes SDIS-formatted files.

  15. Adapting machine learning techniques to censored time-to-event health record data: A general-purpose approach using inverse probability of censoring weighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vock, David M; Wolfson, Julian; Bandyopadhyay, Sunayan; Adomavicius, Gediminas; Johnson, Paul E; Vazquez-Benitez, Gabriela; O'Connor, Patrick J

    2016-06-01

    Models for predicting the probability of experiencing various health outcomes or adverse events over a certain time frame (e.g., having a heart attack in the next 5years) based on individual patient characteristics are important tools for managing patient care. Electronic health data (EHD) are appealing sources of training data because they provide access to large amounts of rich individual-level data from present-day patient populations. However, because EHD are derived by extracting information from administrative and clinical databases, some fraction of subjects will not be under observation for the entire time frame over which one wants to make predictions; this loss to follow-up is often due to disenrollment from the health system. For subjects without complete follow-up, whether or not they experienced the adverse event is unknown, and in statistical terms the event time is said to be right-censored. Most machine learning approaches to the problem have been relatively ad hoc; for example, common approaches for handling observations in which the event status is unknown include (1) discarding those observations, (2) treating them as non-events, (3) splitting those observations into two observations: one where the event occurs and one where the event does not. In this paper, we present a general-purpose approach to account for right-censored outcomes using inverse probability of censoring weighting (IPCW). We illustrate how IPCW can easily be incorporated into a number of existing machine learning algorithms used to mine big health care data including Bayesian networks, k-nearest neighbors, decision trees, and generalized additive models. We then show that our approach leads to better calibrated predictions than the three ad hoc approaches when applied to predicting the 5-year risk of experiencing a cardiovascular adverse event, using EHD from a large U.S. Midwestern healthcare system.

  16. 47 CFR 1.1405 - File numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false File numbers. 1.1405 Section 1.1405... Procedures § 1.1405 File numbers. Each complaint which appears to be essentially complete under § 1.1404 will be accepted and assigned a file number. Such assignment is for administrative purposes only and...

  17. The design of CMOS general-purpose analog front-end circuit with tunable gain and bandwidth for biopotential signal recording systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Ming; Yang, Wen-Chia; Tsai, Tzung-Yun; Chiueh, Herming; Wu, Chung-Yu

    2011-01-01

    In this paper an 8-channel CMOS general-purpose analog front-end (AFE) circuit with tunable gain and bandwidth for biopotential signal recording systems is presented. The proposed AFE consists of eight chopper stabilized pre-amplifiers, an 8-to-1 analog multiplexer, and a programmable gain amplifier. It can be used to sense and amplify different kinds of biopotential signals, such as electrocorticogram (ECoG), electrocardiogram (ECG) and electromyogram (EMG). The AFE chip is designed and fabricated in 0.18-μm CMOS technology. The measured maximum gain of AFE is 60.8 dB. The low cutoff frequency can achieve as low as 0.8 Hz and high cutoff frequency can be adjusted from 200 Hz to 10 kHz to suit for different kinds of biopotential signals. The measured input-referred noise is 0.9 μV(rms), with the power consumption of 18μW per channel at 1.8-V power supply. And the noise efficiency factor (NEF) is only 1.3 for pre-amplifier.

  18. 多用途汉语方言语音数据库的设计%Design of general-purpose Chinese dialect speech database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高原; 顾明亮; 孙平; 王侠; 张长水

    2012-01-01

    建立了一个多用途汉语方言语音数据库,用于说话人信息处理、方言特征词识别、语音识别等领域的研究.以多通道的方式采集时长106小时的语音数据,包括七种主要的汉语方言区语音,对数据进行预处理.在此基础上提出了汉语方言数据库的设计标准以及实施方案,有助于推动汉语语音库特别是方言语音库的建立.%This paper describes a general-purpose Chinese dialect speech database, which can be applied to speaker information analysis, character-words recognition, speech recognition etc. The speech database, which includes seven kinds of most common Chinese dialects, has reached one hundred and six hours by multi-channel record modes and has already preprocessed. Based on the work, the design criteria and implementation scheme of Chinese dialects speech database are proposed, which is useful for the establishment of Chinese speech database, especially Chinese dialect speech database.

  19. 图形处理器在通用计算中的应用%Application of graphics processing unit in general purpose computation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张健; 陈瑞

    2009-01-01

    基于图形处理器(GPU)的计算统一设备体系结构(compute unified device architecture,CUDA)构架,阐述了GPU用于通用计算的原理和方法.在Geforce8800GT下,完成了矩阵乘法运算实验.实验结果表明,随着矩阵阶数的递增,无论是GPU还是CPU处理,速度都在减慢.数据增加100倍后,GPU上的运算时间仅增加了3.95倍,而CPU的运算时间增加了216.66倍.%Based on the CUDA (compute unified device architecture) of GPU (graphics processing unit), the technical fundamentals and methods for general purpose computation on GPU are introduced. The algorithm of matrix multiplication is simulated on Geforce8800 GT. With the increasing of matrix order, algorithm speed is slowed either on CPU or on GPU. After the data quantity increases to 100 times, the operation time only increased in 3.95 times on GPU, and 216.66 times on CPU.

  20. Real-Time and Real-Fast Performance of General-Purpose and Real-Time Operating Systems in Multithreaded Physical Simulation of Complex Mechanical Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Garre

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Physical simulation is a valuable tool in many fields of engineering for the tasks of design, prototyping, and testing. General-purpose operating systems (GPOS are designed for real-fast tasks, such as offline simulation of complex physical models that should finish as soon as possible. Interfacing hardware at a given rate (as in a hardware-in-the-loop test requires instead maximizing time determinism, for which real-time operating systems (RTOS are designed. In this paper, real-fast and real-time performance of RTOS and GPOS are compared when simulating models of high complexity with large time steps. This type of applications is usually present in the automotive industry and requires a good trade-off between real-fast and real-time performance. The performance of an RTOS and a GPOS is compared by running a tire model scalable on the number of degrees-of-freedom and parallel threads. The benchmark shows that the GPOS present better performance in real-fast runs but worse in real-time due to nonexplicit task switches and to the latency associated with interprocess communication (IPC and task switch.

  1. A feasibility study of a prototype PET insert device to convert a general-purpose animal PET scanner to higher resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Heyu; Pal, Debashish; O'Sullivan, Joseph A; Tai, Yuan-Chuan

    2008-01-01

    We developed a prototype system to evaluate the feasibility of using a PET insert device to achieve higher resolution from a general-purpose animal PET scanner. The system consists of a high-resolution PET detector, a computer-controlled rotation stage, and a custom mounting plate. The detector consists of a cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate array (12 x 12 crystals, 0.8 x 1.66 x 3.75 mm(3) each) directly coupled to a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PS-PMT). The detector signals were fed into the scanner electronics to establish coincidences between the 2 systems. The detector was mounted to a rotation stage that is attached to the scanner via the custom mounting plate after removing the transmission source holder. The rotation stage was concentric with the center of the scanner. The angular offset of the insert detector was calibrated via optimizing point-source images. In all imaging experiments, coincidence data were collected from 9 angles to provide 180 degrees sampling. A (22)Na point source was imaged at different offsets from the center to characterize the in-plane resolution of the insert system. A (68)Ge point source was stepped across the axial field of view to measure the sensitivity of the system. A 23.2-g mouse was injected with 38.5 MBq of (18)F-fluoride and imaged at 3 h after injection for 2 h. The transverse image resolution of the PET insert device ranges from 1.1- to 1.4-mm full width at half maximum (FWHM) without correction for the point-source dimension. This corresponds to approximately 33% improvement over the resolution of the original scanner (1.7- to 1.8-mm FWHM) in 2 of the 3 directions. The sensitivity of the device is 0.064% at the center of the field, 46-fold lower than the sensitivity of an existing animal PET scanner. The mouse bone scan had improved image resolution using the PET insert device over that of the existing animal PET scanner alone. We have demonstrated the feasibility of using a high-resolution insert

  2. Investigation of inflammation and tissue patterning in the gut using a Spatially Explicit General-purpose Model of Enteric Tissue (SEGMEnT.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chase Cockrell

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The mucosa of the intestinal tract represents a finely tuned system where tissue structure strongly influences, and is turn influenced by, its function as both an absorptive surface and a defensive barrier. Mucosal architecture and histology plays a key role in the diagnosis, characterization and pathophysiology of a host of gastrointestinal diseases. Inflammation is a significant factor in the pathogenesis in many gastrointestinal diseases, and is perhaps the most clinically significant control factor governing the maintenance of the mucosal architecture by morphogenic pathways. We propose that appropriate characterization of the role of inflammation as a controller of enteric mucosal tissue patterning requires understanding the underlying cellular and molecular dynamics that determine the epithelial crypt-villus architecture across a range of conditions from health to disease. Towards this end we have developed the Spatially Explicit General-purpose Model of Enteric Tissue (SEGMEnT to dynamically represent existing knowledge of the behavior of enteric epithelial tissue as influenced by inflammation with the ability to generate a variety of pathophysiological processes within a common platform and from a common knowledge base. In addition to reproducing healthy ileal mucosal dynamics as well as a series of morphogen knock-out/inhibition experiments, SEGMEnT provides insight into a range of clinically relevant cellular-molecular mechanisms, such as a putative role for Phosphotase and tensin homolog/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PTEN/PI3K as a key point of crosstalk between inflammation and morphogenesis, the protective role of enterocyte sloughing in enteric ischemia-reperfusion and chronic low level inflammation as a driver for colonic metaplasia. These results suggest that SEGMEnT can serve as an integrating platform for the study of inflammation in gastrointestinal disease.

  3. New Classification Methods for Hiding Information into Two Parts: Multimedia Files and Non Multimedia Files

    CERN Document Server

    Alanazi, Hamdan O; Zaidan, B B; Jalab, Hamid A; AL-Ani, Zaidoon Kh

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of various multimedia technologies, more and more multimedia data are generated and transmitted in the medical, commercial, and military fields, which may include some sensitive information which should not be accessed by or can only be partially exposed to the general users. Therefore, security and privacy has become an important, Another problem with digital document and video is that undetectable modifications can be made with very simple and widely available equipment, which put the digital material for evidential purposes under question .With the large flood of information and the development of the digital format Information hiding considers one of the techniques which used to protect the important information. The main goals for this paper, provides a general overview of the New Classification Methods for Hiding Information into Two Parts: Multimedia Files and Non Multimedia Files.

  4. Design and Implementation of Ceph: A Scalable Distributed File System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weil, S A; Brandt, S A; Miller, E L; Long, D E; Maltzahn, C

    2006-04-19

    File system designers continue to look to new architectures to improve scalability. Object-based storage diverges from server-based (e.g. NFS) and SAN-based storage systems by coupling processors and memory with disk drives, delegating low-level allocation to object storage devices (OSDs) and decoupling I/O (read/write) from metadata (file open/close) operations. Even recent object-based systems inherit decades-old architectural choices going back to early UNIX file systems, however, limiting their ability to effectively scale to hundreds of petabytes. We present Ceph, a distributed file system that provides excellent performance and reliability with unprecedented scalability. Ceph maximizes the separation between data and metadata management by replacing allocation tables with a pseudo-random data distribution function (CRUSH) designed for heterogeneous and dynamic clusters of unreliable OSDs. We leverage OSD intelligence to distribute data replication, failure detection and recovery with semi-autonomous OSDs running a specialized local object storage file system (EBOFS). Finally, Ceph is built around a dynamic distributed metadata management cluster that provides extremely efficient metadata management that seamlessly adapts to a wide range of general purpose and scientific computing file system workloads. We present performance measurements under a variety of workloads that show superior I/O performance and scalable metadata management (more than a quarter million metadata ops/sec).

  5. 48 CFR 204.802 - Contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 204.802 Section 204.802 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 204.802 Contract files. Official...

  6. Creating Graphics Files for SGML Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunemann, Rhonda S.

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that, when creating graphics files for documents in a Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) environment, technical writers should consider the differences between bitmapped and vector file formats; be familiar with available file formats; determine which graphics format best meets the needs; and incorporate the graphic into the SGML…

  7. 11 CFR 9006.2 - Filing dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing dates. 9006.2 Section 9006.2 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND: GENERAL ELECTION FINANCING REPORTS AND RECORDKEEPING § 9006.2 Filing dates. The reports required to be filed under 11 CFR...

  8. SU-E-T-254: Optimization of GATE and PHITS Monte Carlo Code Parameters for Uniform Scanning Proton Beam Based On Simulation with FLUKA General-Purpose Code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurosu, K [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka (Japan); Department of Medical Physics ' Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka (Japan); Takashina, M; Koizumi, M [Department of Medical Physics ' Engineering, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka (Japan); Das, I; Moskvin, V [Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Monte Carlo codes are becoming important tools for proton beam dosimetry. However, the relationships between the customizing parameters and percentage depth dose (PDD) of GATE and PHITS codes have not been reported which are studied for PDD and proton range compared to the FLUKA code and the experimental data. Methods: The beam delivery system of the Indiana University Health Proton Therapy Center was modeled for the uniform scanning beam in FLUKA and transferred identically into GATE and PHITS. This computational model was built from the blue print and validated with the commissioning data. Three parameters evaluated are the maximum step size, cut off energy and physical and transport model. The dependence of the PDDs on the customizing parameters was compared with the published results of previous studies. Results: The optimal parameters for the simulation of the whole beam delivery system were defined by referring to the calculation results obtained with each parameter. Although the PDDs from FLUKA and the experimental data show a good agreement, those of GATE and PHITS obtained with our optimal parameters show a minor discrepancy. The measured proton range R90 was 269.37 mm, compared to the calculated range of 269.63 mm, 268.96 mm, and 270.85 mm with FLUKA, GATE and PHITS, respectively. Conclusion: We evaluated the dependence of the results for PDDs obtained with GATE and PHITS Monte Carlo generalpurpose codes on the customizing parameters by using the whole computational model of the treatment nozzle. The optimal parameters for the simulation were then defined by referring to the calculation results. The physical model, particle transport mechanics and the different geometrybased descriptions need accurate customization in three simulation codes to agree with experimental data for artifact-free Monte Carlo simulation. This study was supported by Grants-in Aid for Cancer Research (H22-3rd Term Cancer Control-General-043) from the Ministry of Health

  9. IMPROVED COMPRESSION OF XML FILES FOR FAST IMAGE TRANSMISSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Manimurugan

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The eXtensible Markup Language (XML is a format that is widely used as a tool for data exchange and storage. It is being increasingly used in secure transmission of image data over wireless network and World Wide Web. Verbose in nature, XML files can be tens of megabytes long. Thus, to reduce their size and to allow faster transmission, compression becomes vital. Several general purpose compression tools have been proposed without satisfactory results. This paper proposes a novel technique using modified BWT for compressing XML files in a lossless fashion. The experimental results show that the performance of the proposed technique outperforms both general purpose and XML-specific compressors.

  10. 45 CFR 1386.85 - Filing and service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing and service of papers. 1386.85 Section 1386... Requirements General § 1386.85 Filing and service of papers. (a) All papers in the proceedings must be filed... transcripts of testimony need be filed. (b) Copies of papers in the proceedings must be served on all...

  11. 48 CFR 1404.805 - Disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disposal of contract files. 1404.805 Section 1404.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1404.805 Disposal of contract files. Disposition of files shall...

  12. PENGEOM-A general-purpose geometry package for Monte Carlo simulation of radiation transport in material systems defined by quadric surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almansa, Julio; Salvat-Pujol, Francesc; Díaz-Londoño, Gloria; Carnicer, Artur; Lallena, Antonio M.; Salvat, Francesc

    2016-02-01

    The Fortran subroutine package PENGEOM provides a complete set of tools to handle quadric geometries in Monte Carlo simulations of radiation transport. The material structure where radiation propagates is assumed to consist of homogeneous bodies limited by quadric surfaces. The PENGEOM subroutines (a subset of the PENELOPE code) track particles through the material structure, independently of the details of the physics models adopted to describe the interactions. Although these subroutines are designed for detailed simulations of photon and electron transport, where all individual interactions are simulated sequentially, they can also be used in mixed (class II) schemes for simulating the transport of high-energy charged particles, where the effect of soft interactions is described by the random-hinge method. The definition of the geometry and the details of the tracking algorithm are tailored to optimize simulation speed. The use of fuzzy quadric surfaces minimizes the impact of round-off errors. The provided software includes a Java graphical user interface for editing and debugging the geometry definition file and for visualizing the material structure. Images of the structure are generated by using the tracking subroutines and, hence, they describe the geometry actually passed to the simulation code.

  13. Joint purpose?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pristed Nielsen, Helene

    2013-01-01

    Starting from Crenshaw´s point that antiracism often fails to interrogate patriarchy and that feminism often reproduces racist practices (1991: 1252), this paper asks: What are the theoretical reasons for believing that feminism and anti-racism can be regarded as fighting for the joint purpose of...

  14. ACONC Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — ACONC files containing simulated ozone and PM2.5 fields that were used to create the model difference plots shown in the journal article. This dataset is associated...

  15. 831 Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA-831 file is a collection of initial and reconsideration adjudicative level DDS disability determinations. (A few hearing level cases are also present, but the...

  16. CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT READING COMPREHENSION IN THE SUBJECT ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES / CONSIDERACIONES SOBRE LA COMPRENSIÓN LECTORA EN LA ASIGNATURA INGLÉS CON FINES GENERALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Feliciana Mayo Castro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading comprehension is one of the general abilities of English language in the teaching-learning process. This skill constitutes a cultural and a work device, and it is the basis that helps to acquire of a great amount of knowledge. This methodological suggestion facilitates the development of reading comprehension due to that it is a system of exercises which are organized in a hierarchical way that leads the students to better decode the message expressed in a text. Reading comprehension ability makes easier to decode a message not only in English language but in Spanish language as well. LA COMPRENSIÓN LECTORA EN LA ASIGNATURA INGLÉS CON FINES GENERALES AUTORAS: DIRECCIÓN PARA CORRESPONDENCIA: Departamento de Idiomas. Universidad de Las Tunas, Cuba. E-mail graciela@ult.edu.cu Fecha de recepción: 21\t-\t08\t-\t2013 Fecha de aceptación:\t30\t-\t11\t-\t2013 RESUMEN La comprensión lectora es una de las habilidades generales en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del idioma inglés, esta constituye un instrumento de trabajo y de cultura y es la base que facilita el aprendizaje de un gran cúmulo de conocimientos. La presente alternativa metodológica facilita el desarrollo de la habilidad de comprensión lectora pues parte de un sistema de ejercicios jerárquicamente organizados, lo que conllevan al estudiante a una decodificación más acertada del mensaje expresado en los textos. El desarrollo de esta habilidad les permite la decodificación de información tanto en la lengua inglesa como en la lengua materna.

  17. Identifiable Data Files - Denominator File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Denominator File combines Medicare beneficiary entitlement status information from administrative enrollment records with third-party payer information and GHP...

  18. 21 CFR 1402.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 1402.1 Section 1402.1 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW § 1402.1 Purpose. Other... files of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) be reviewed for possible...

  19. 45 CFR 1636.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FACTS § 1636.1 Purpose. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that, when an LSC recipient files a... engages in pre-complaint settlement negotiations, the recipient identifies the plaintiff it represents to the defendant and ensures that the plaintiff has a colorable claim....

  20. Computer files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, M

    1995-02-01

    From what has been said, several recommendations can be made for users of small personal computers regardless of which operating system they use. If your computer has a large hard disk not specially required by any single application, organize the disk into a small number of volumes. You will then be using the computer as if it had several smaller disks, which will help you to create a logical file structure. The size of individual volumes has to be selected carefully with respect to the files kept in each volume. Otherwise, it may be that you will have too much space in one volume and not enough in another. In each volume, organize the structure of directories and subdirectories logically so that they correspond to the logic of your file content. Be aware of the fact that the directories suggested as default when installing new software are often not the optimum. For instance, it is better to put different graphics packages under a common subdirectory rather than to install them at the same level as all other packages including statistics, text processors, etc. Create a special directory for each task you use the computer. Note that it is a bad practice to keep many different and logically unsorted files in the root directory of any of your volumes. Only system and important service files should be kept there. Although any file may be written all over the disk, access to it will be faster if it is written over the minimum number of cylinders. From time to time, use special programs that reorganize your files in this way.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  1. 76 FR 21728 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    .... Applicants: Stingray Pipeline Company, L.L.C. Description: Stingray Pipeline Company, L.L.C. submits tariff filing per 154.312: Stingray General Section 4 Rate Case to be effective 5/1/2011. Filed Date:...

  2. Research of general purpose computing technology based on graphic processing unit%基于图形处理器的通用计算技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴长江; 张尤赛

    2013-01-01

    In order to research the general purpose computing technology of GPU based on PC, the classic GPU general pur-pose computing method base on texture mapping technology was adopted, and the experiments of discrete convolution of 2D images and volume rendering based on 3D texture mapping were carried out. The experiment result indicates that, on the basis of a suitable algorithm design, the classic GPU general purpose computing technology can significantly enhance the program run-ning performance. In this article, it is concluded that the CPU+GPU heterogeneous computing mode will become a choice for high-performance computation, and the further development of the general purpose computing technology based on GPU is prospected.%为了研究基于PC的图形处理器(GPU)的通用计算技术,采用了基于纹理映射的经典GPU通用计算方法,进行了二维图像离散卷积和三维纹理映射体绘制的实验.实验证明了经典GPU通用计算技术在合适的算法设计基础上能够显著提升程序的运算速度,得出了基于CPU+GPU的异构计算模式可以成为高性能计算的一种选择的结论,展望了基于图形处理器的通用计算技术在未来的发展.

  3. Readiness of the Belgian network of sentinel general practitioners to deliver electronic health record data for surveillance purposes: results of survey study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanthomme Katrien

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In order to proceed from a paper based registration to a surveillance system that is based on extraction of electronic health records (EHR, knowledge is needed on the number and representativeness of sentinel GPs using a government-certified EHR system and the quality of EHR data for research, expressed in the compliance rate with three criteria: recording of home visits, use of prescription module and diagnostic subject headings. Methods Data were collected by annual postal surveys between 2005 and 2009 among all sentinel GPs. We tested relations between four key GP characteristics (age, gender, language community, practice organisation and use of a certified EHR system by multivariable logistic regression. The relation between EHR software package, GP characteristics and compliance with three quality criteria was equally measured by multivariable logistic regression. Results A response rate of 99% was obtained. Of 221 sentinel GPs, 55% participated in the surveillance without interruption from 2005 onwards, i.e. all five years, and 78% were participants in 2009. Sixteen certified EHR systems were used among 91% of the Dutch and 63% of the French speaking sentinel GPs. The EHR software package was strongly related to the community and only one EHR system was used by a comparable number of sentinel GPs in both communities. Overall, the prescription module was always used and home visits were usually recorded. Uniform subject headings were only sometimes used and the compliance with this quality criterion was almost exclusively related to the EHR software package in use. Conclusions The challenge is to progress towards a sentinel network of GPs delivering care-based data that are (partly extracted from well performing EHR systems and still representative for Belgian general practice.

  4. Teaching English for Specific Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nijolė Netikšienė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.

  5. General purpose modeling languages for configuration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Queva, Matthieu Stéphane Benoit

    In the later years, there has been an important need for companies to reduce their costs while proposing highly customized products. Indeed, today's customers demand products with lower prices, higher quality and faster delivery, but they also want products customized to match their unique needs....

  6. Photovoltaics module interface: General purpose primers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerio, J.

    1985-01-01

    The interfacial chemistry established between ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) and the aluminized back surface of commercial solar cells was observed experimentally. The technique employed is called Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, with the infrared signal being reflected back from the aluminum surface through the EVA film. Reflection infrared (IR) spectra are given and attention is drawn to the specific IR peak at 1080/cm which forms on hydrolytic aging of the EVA/aluminum system. With this fundamental finding, and the workable experimental techniques, candidate silane coupling agents are employed at the interface, and their effects on eliminating or slowing hydrolytic aging of the EVA/aluminum interface are monitored.

  7. Evaluation of Prototype General Purpose Visor Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    particles, laser, solar and UV radiation (ballistic eyewear) and to protect the eyes and face from high-energy fragments (ballistic visor). A Human...deux parties pour protéger les yeux contre les fragments, les particules et les rayons laser, solaires et UV à faible énergie, (lunettes balistiques...low energy fragments, particles, laser, solar and UV radiation (ballistic eyewear) and to protect the eyes and face from high-energy fragments

  8. A General Purpose Ionospheric Ray Tracing Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-08-01

    PUBUC RELEASE UNCLASSIFIED i IIt ii 11 UNCLASSIFIED DST0O A U S T R A L I A SURVEILLANCE RESEARCH LABORATORY ZDMC QUAIrrY High Frequency Radar ...tol = tolerance (Kms) at each step of raytracing (a value of * * l.d-6 is sufficient in most cases) * * CHARACTER * * cha - ’y’ if magnetic fields...Director, Surveillance Research Laboratory 1 Chief High Frequency Radar Division 1 Research Leader, Jindalee Operational Radar Network 1 Head, Radar

  9. Common File Formats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Lauren

    2014-03-21

    An overview of the many file formats commonly used in bioinformatics and genome sequence analysis is presented, including various data file formats, alignment file formats, and annotation file formats. Example workflows illustrate how some of the different file types are typically used.

  10. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 4.802 Section 4.802 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE... locator system should be established to ensure the ability to locate promptly any contract files....

  11. State of the art and future research on general purpose computation of Graphics Processing Unit%图形处理器通用计算的研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈庆奎; 王海峰; 那丽春; 霍欢; 郝聚涛; 刘伯成

    2012-01-01

    从2004年开始,图形处理器GPU的通用计算成为一个新研究热点,此后GPGPU( General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit)在最近几年中取得长足发展.从介绍GPGPU硬件体系结构的改变和软件技术的发展开始,阐述GPGPU主要应用领域中的研究成果及最新发展.针对各种应用领域中计算数据大规模增加的趋势,出现单个GPU计算节点无法克服的硬件限制问题,为解决该问题出现多GPU计算和GPU集群的解决方案.详细地讨论通用计算GPU集群的研究进展和应用技术,包括GPU集群硬件异构性的问题和软件框架的三个研究趋势,对几种典型的软件框架Glift、Zippy、CUDASA的特性和缺点进行较详细的分析.最后,总结GPU通用计算研究发展中存在的问题和未来的挑战.%The general purpose computation of graphic processing unit became a new research field since 2004. GPGPU has been developing rapidly in recent years at a high speed. Starting from an introduction to the development of the architecture of GPU for general-purpose computation and software technology, the study and development of GPU for general-purpose computation are introduced. Aiming at the large scale data of various application fields, GPU cluster is proposed to overcome the limitation of single GPU. So the development and application technologies of GPGPU cluster are discussed and include the issue of heterogeneous cluster and the trend of software for GPU cluster. Several frameworks for GPU cluster are analyzed in detailed, such as Glift, Zippy, and CUDASA. Finally, the unsolved problems and the new challenge in this subject are proposed.

  12. 现代信息化背景下重塑监狱行刑一般预防目的%Reshaping the Purpose of General Prevention of Prison Execution under the Background of Modern Informatization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨锦芳

    2015-01-01

    国家对监狱行刑的刑罚目的包括一般预防的期待。这一点可从刑罚权的本质和监狱在刑罚执行中的地位得以证明。监狱行刑通过对罪犯的惩罚产生威慑功能,实现一般预防目的,并在此基础上使民众确信法律保护大多数人权利的事实,对法律产生信赖,最终实现积极一般预防目的。然而,在传统行刑模式下,由于监狱的封闭性、惩罚失衡性和改造失当性等问题的客观存在,弱化了监狱行刑功能。监狱信息化工作的开展,为实现狱务公开、依法治监,打破封闭状态提供了强大的技术支撑,强化监狱行刑一般预防目的的实现。%One of the purposes of prison execution is general prevention,which can be seen from the nature of penalty power and the status of prison punishment in criminal execution.Prison execution punishment of criminals causes deterring function and realizes the purpose of positive general prevention.And on this basis,it convinces people that laws have the function of protec-ting the rights of most people,and finally achieve the purpose of active general prevention.However,problems like prison block,punishment imbalance and improper transformation have weakened the function of prison execution in the traditional mode of execution.Now with the development of prison informatization,it is possible to achieve the opening of prison affairs,adminis-tering prisons according to law and breaking the closed state of prisons and to facilitate the realization of the purpose of general prevention of prison execution.

  13. Synthesis of [1-{sup 11}C]octanoic acid, [{sup 11}C]raclopride and [{sup 11}C]nicergoline with a general-purpose automated synthesis apparatus of {sup 11}C-labeled radiopharmaceuticals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yajima, Kazuyosi; Kawashima, Hidefumi; Cui, Ying-she; Hashimoto, Naoto; Miyake, Yoshihiro [National Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka (Japan)

    1997-06-01

    We have developed a general-purpose automated synthesis apparatus of {sup 11}C-labeled radiopharmaceuticals for PET, which can be adopted to both one-pot and two-or-more-pot reactions. The features of the apparatus were shown in the successful preparation of [(1-{sup 11})C]octanoic acid in a one-pot reaction and [{sup 11}C]raclopride and [{sup 11}C]nicergoline in two-pot reactions, the latter being a novel radiopharmaceutical. (author).

  14. Experiences on File Systems: Which is the best file system for you?

    CERN Document Server

    Blomer, J

    2015-01-01

    The distributed file system landscape is scattered. Besides a plethora of research file systems, there is also a large number of production grade file systems with various strengths and weaknesses. The file system, as an abstraction of permanent storage, is appealing because it provides application portability and integration with legacy and third-party applications, including UNIX utilities. On the other hand, the general and simple file system interface makes it notoriously difficult for a distributed file system to perform well under a variety of different workloads. This contribution provides a taxonomy of commonly used distributed file systems and points out areas of research and development that are particularly important for high-energy physics.

  15. 20 CFR 404.632 - Statements filed with a hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statements filed with a hospital. 404.632... § 404.632 Statements filed with a hospital. A statement (generally a hospital admission form) filed with a hospital may serve as a written statement under § 404.630 if the requirements of this section are...

  16. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  17. 17 CFR 201.152 - Filing of papers: Form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Filing of papers: Form. 201... PRACTICE Rules of Practice General Rules § 201.152 Filing of papers: Form. (a) Specifications. Papers filed... white paper measuring 81/2×11 inches, except that, to the extent that the reduction of larger...

  18. 45 CFR 99.5 - Filing and service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing and service of papers. 99.5 Section 99.5... THE CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND General § 99.5 Filing and service of papers. (a) An original and two copies of all papers in the proceedings shall be filed with the presiding officer. For...

  19. 48 CFR 2904.800-70 - Contents of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contents of contract files. 2904.800-70 Section 2904.800-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 2904.800-70 Contents of contract files. (a) The reports...

  20. 48 CFR 1304.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 1304.804 Section 1304.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 1304.804 Closeout of contract files....

  1. 48 CFR 4.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 4.804 Section 4.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.804 Closeout of contract files....

  2. 48 CFR 904.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contents of contract files. 904.803 Section 904.803 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 904.803 Contents of contract files. (a) (29) The record copy...

  3. 48 CFR 204.805 - Disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disposal of contract files. 204.805 Section 204.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 204.805 Disposal of contract files....

  4. 48 CFR 1504.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Closeout of contract files. 1504.804 Section 1504.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1504.804 Closeout of contract files....

  5. 48 CFR 904.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 904.804 Section 904.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 904.804 Closeout of contract files....

  6. 48 CFR 1404.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 1404.804 Section 1404.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1404.804 Closeout of contract files....

  7. 10 CFR 205.13 - Where to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Where to file. 205.13 Section 205.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS General Provisions § 205.13 Where to file. (a) Except as otherwise specifically provided in other subparts of this part, all documents to be filed with...

  8. 10 CFR 205.82 - Where to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Where to file. 205.82 Section 205.82 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Interpretation § 205.82 Where to file. A request for interpretation shall be filed with the General Counsel or his delegate or with the appropriate Regional...

  9. HUD GIS Boundary Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The HUD GIS Boundary Files are intended to supplement boundary files available from the U.S. Census Bureau. The files are for community planners interested in...

  10. 43 CFR 4.1352 - Who may file; where to file; when to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Who may file; where to file; when to file... Indian Lands) § 4.1352 Who may file; where to file; when to file. (a) The applicant or operator may file... to file a timely request constitutes a waiver of the opportunity for a hearing before OSM makes...

  11. 29 CFR 1603.100 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE COMPLAINTS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION UNDER SECTION 304 OF THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 § 1603.100 Purpose. This part contains the regulations of the Equal... filed under section 304 of the Government Employee Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. 2000e-16c....

  12. Fact File

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Are delegates selected according to predetermined quotas of ethnicity and gender? The delegates who attend the CPC National Congress represent a broad spectrum of Party members.They include leading officials at various levels, and rank and file Party members working at the front line of production and those from more regular walks of life.A large proportion of the delegates are model Party members who have made outstanding contributions in various sectors and undertakings of the economy, science and technology, national defense, politics and law, education, public relations, public health, culture and sports.

  13. An inconvenient truth : file-level metadata and in-file metadata caching in the (file-agnostic) ATLAS event store.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malon, D.; van Gemmeren, P.; Hawkings, R.; Schaffer, A.; High Energy Physics; CERN; Univ. Paris-Sud

    2008-01-01

    In the ATLAS event store, files are sometimes 'an inconvenient truth.' From the point of view of the ATLAS distributed data management system, files are too small - datasets are the units of interest. From the point of view of the ATLAS event store architecture, files are simply a physical clustering optimization: the units of interest are event collections - sets of events that satisfy common conditions or selection predicates - and such collections may or may not have been accumulated into files that contain those events and no others. It is nonetheless important to maintain file-level metadata, and to cache metadata in event data files. When such metadata may or may not be present in files, or when values may have been updated after files are written and replicated, a clear and transparent model for metadata retrieval from the file itself or from remote databases is required. In this paper we describe how ATLAS reconciles its file and non-file paradigms, the machinery for associating metadata with files and event collections, and the infrastructure for metadata propagation from input to output for provenance record management and related purposes.

  14. An inconvenient truth: file-level metadata and in-file metadata caching in the (file-agnostic) ATLAS event store

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malon, D; Gemmeren, P van [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Hawkings, R [European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN CH-1211 Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Schaffer, A [LAL, Univ Paris-Sud, IN2P3/CNRS, Orsay (France)], E-mail: malon@anl.gov

    2008-07-15

    In the ATLAS event store, files are sometimes 'an inconvenient truth'. From the point of view of the ATLAS distributed data management system, files are too small-datasets are the units of interest. From the point of view of the ATLAS event store architecture, files are simply a physical clustering optimization: the units of interest are event collections-sets of events that satisfy common conditions or selection predicates-and such collections may or may not have been accumulated into files that contain those events and no others. It is nonetheless important to maintain file-level metadata, and to cache metadata in event data files. When such metadata may or may not be present in files, or when values may have been updated after files are written and replicated, a clear and transparent model for metadata retrieval from the file itself or from remote databases is required. In this paper we describe how ATLAS reconciles its file and non-file paradigms, the machinery for associating metadata with files and event collections, and the infrastructure for metadata propagation from input to output for provenance record management and related purposes.

  15. Study on the Modified of General-purpose Antistatic Agent to High Polymer Material%通用型抗静电剂对高聚物材料的改性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉广; 刘生满; 黄犇犇; 张景昌

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces the polymerization technology and principle of general-purpose antistatic agent. The process, the temperature, the vacuum, and the time of reaction influence on polymerization. The material rate influences on the antistatic properties and anti-washing properties. It introduces the modification process of high polymer material and polyester-cotton fabric. After general-purpose antistatic agent dealing with polyester-cotton fabric,surface resistance of polyester-cotton fabric is still 3.1 108Ω and polyester fabric is 5.5 × 108Ω for 50 standard washing , half-period of the fabricless than0.5s.%研究了通用型抗静电聚合的机理及聚合的工艺流程分析了温度、真空度和反应时间对聚合质量的影响以及物料比对抗静电性能和耐洗性的影响,探讨了高聚物、涤棉面料的改性工艺.实验表明,经通用型抗静电剂处理的涤棉面料标准洗涤50次后表面电阻仍为3.1×108Ω,涤卡面料标准洗涤50次后表面电阻仍为5.5×108Ω,半衰期均小于0.5 s.

  16. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file consists of two data files, one for CLIA labs and one for 18 other provider types. The file names are CLIA and OTHER. If downloading the file, note it...

  17. Communicative Purpose as Genre Determinant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askehave, Inger

    1999-01-01

    Through the years researchers and LSP teachers alike have used various parameters for classifying texts. This article sets out to discuss the notion of "communicative purpose" as a means for classifying text. It points to some of the difficulties associated with the functional approaches to genre...... classification in general and the notion of "communicative purpose" in particular....

  18. 76 FR 2681 - Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance for Implementing 40 CFR 1506.9 and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ... AGENCY Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance for Implementing 40 CFR 1506.9 and... guidelines to implement its EIS filing responsibilities. The purpose of the EPA Filing System Guidelines is to provide guidance to Federal agencies on filing EISs, including draft, final, and supplemental...

  19. 77 FR 51530 - Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance for Implementing 40 CFR 1506.9 and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... AGENCY Amended Environmental Impact Statement Filing System Guidance for Implementing 40 CFR 1506.9 and... guidelines to implement its EIS filing responsibilities. The purpose of the EPA Filing System Guidelines is to provide guidance to Federal agencies on filing EISs, including draft, final, and supplemental...

  20. An in vitro comparison of torsional stress and cyclic fatigue resistance of ProFile GT and ProFile GT Series X rotary nickel-titanium files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramkowski, Thomas R; Bahcall, James

    2009-03-01

    The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the torsional stress and cyclic fatigue characteristics of ProFile GT (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK) and ProFile GT Series X (Dentsply Tulsa Dental). Files of 0.04 and 0.06 taper, 25 mm in length, and ISO sizes of 20 and 30 tips were compared (n = 25 per test group). Torque stress resistance was evaluated by measuring the torque in gram-centimeters (g-cm) and angle of deflection (degrees of rotation) required for instrument separation with use of a torsiometer instrument. Cyclic fatigue was determined by recording the time until breakage of a file rotating in a simulated canal with an applied 45 degrees or 60 degrees curve. The files were operated in a cyclic fatigue instrument that simulated clinical rotary file usage with a constant cyclical axial motion. There was no statistical difference (p > 0.05) when comparing the torque (g-cm) required to induce a torsional failure of ProFile GT and ProFile GT Series X files of identical file sizes. The angle of deflection (degrees of rotation) of ProFile GT was significantly greater (p X for all file sizes tested except 20/.04 (p > 0.05). There was no statistical difference (p > 0.05) in cyclic fatigue failure for ProFile GT and ProFile GT Series X in a canal with a curvature of 45 degrees . In the 60 degrees canal curvature, ProFile GT was found to be significantly more resistant (p = 0.005) to fracture because of cyclic fatigue than ProFile GT Series X for file size 30/.06 and significant (p files sizes 20/.06 and 30/.04. There was no difference (p > 0.05) in cyclic fatigue resistance in the 60 degrees canal for ProFile GT and ProFile GT Series X for file size 20/.04.

  1. 基于DSP控制的全数字直流PWM调速系统%Research on Software Platform of General- Purpose Digital Speed Regulation System Based on DSP Controller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘龙江; 边鑫

    2012-01-01

    针对现存电压闭环和电流闭环直流调速系统各自的不足,首先对其结构进行了改进,分析研究了一种电压/电流双闭环直流调速系统.随后设计了一种基于DSP控制器的通用电机调速系统,并将其应用于电动车驱动系统电机控制中,实验结果表明,系统工作可靠稳定.%Firstly,according to the deficiency of the voltage closed - loop speed regulation system with the end current, a new kind of direct current speed regulation system based on voltage control strategy is put forward in this thesis, that is voltage/current double - closed - loop direct current speed regulation system. Secondly, in order to speed up the developing process of all sort of speed regulation system on the basis of DSP, a software platform of the general - purpose digital speed regulation system is devised. It is used successfully in the current closed - loop DC speed regulation system of EV.

  2. JENDL FP decay data file 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katakura, Jun-ichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yoshida, Tadashi [Musashi Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan); Oyamatsu, Kazuhiro [Aichi Shukutoku Univ., Nagakute, Aichi (Japan); Tachibana, Takahiro [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan)

    2001-07-01

    A decay data file of fission product (FP) nuclides has been developed for the use in nuclear technology field as one of special purpose files of JENDL (Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library) in the format of ENDF/B and it is called JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000. The file includes the decay data for 1229 fission product nuclides: 142 stable and 1087 unstable nuclides. The data included for a nuclide are decay modes, their Q values and branching ratios, average decay energy values of beta-rays, gamma-rays and alpha-particles and their spectral data. The primary source of the decay data is ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File), which is the internationally recognized data file of nuclear structure properties. The data in ENSDF, however, cover only measured ones. The data of the short-lived nuclides needed for the application fields such as decay heat prediction are often incomplete or not measured because of their short half-lives. For such nuclides a theoretical model calculation is applied to derive the needed data such as average decay energies and spectral data. The data in JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000 have been tested by summation calculation comparing its results with measured data of decay heat values and aggregate fission product spectra of various fissioning nuclei. The comparison showed good agreement between the calculated results and the measured values. (author)

  3. Standard interface file handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shapiro, A.; Huria, H.C. (Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States))

    1992-10-01

    This handbook documents many of the standard interface file formats that have been adopted by the US Department of Energy to facilitate communications between and portability of, various large reactor physics and radiation transport software packages. The emphasis is on those files needed for use of the VENTURE/PC diffusion-depletion code system. File structures, contents and some practical advice on use of the various files are provided.

  4. PCF File Format.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoreson, Gregory G [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-08-01

    PCF files are binary files designed to contain gamma spectra and neutron count rates from radiation sensors. It is the native format for the GAmma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) package [1]. It can contain multiple spectra and information about each spectrum such as energy calibration. This document outlines the format of the file that would allow one to write a computer program to parse and write such files.

  5. 19 CFR 191.176 - Procedures for claims filed under 19 U.S.C. 1313(p).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures for claims filed under 19 U.S.C. 1313(p... § 191.176 Procedures for claims filed under 19 U.S.C. 1313(p). (a) Applicability. The general procedures for filing drawback claims shall be applicable to claims filed under 19 U.S.C. 1313(p)...

  6. 77 FR 75453 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... (``DTC'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II and III below, which Items have been prepared primarily by DTC. DTC filed the... Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change In its filing with the Commission,...

  7. 43 CFR 4.1381 - Who may file; when to file; where to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... may file; when to file; where to file. (a) Any person who receives a written decision issued by OSM under 30 CFR 773.28 on a challenge to an ownership or control listing or finding may file a request for... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Who may file; when to file; where to...

  8. 12 500 DWT重吊多用途船总体设计研究%Research of General Design for 12 500 DWT Heavy Lift Multi-purpose Vessel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊红元; 杨博; 向淼

    2016-01-01

    12500 DWT多用途船是一型重吊多用途船,满足EEDI、压载水处理、拆船公约等最新的国际规范和环保要求,配备重型起货设备,拥有超长货舱、超大甲板面积,主要用于装运大型工程设备、重货、集装箱、干散货、谷物及危险品等.文章对其总体布置、破舱稳性、主推进装置和节能环保措施等方面进行了研究.该船采用先进的主推进装置,选用超长两冲程G型电喷主机,配隧道式齿轮箱和轴带发电机,定距螺旋桨推进,其燃油经济性优秀.%The 12 500 DWT heavy lift multi-purpose vessel fulfills the latest rules,regulations and environment protection requirements including EEDI,ballast water treatment and recycling of ships etc.The vessel is built with heavy-lifts,supper long cargo hold and supper large weather deck area,to be used for carrying long pieces,heavy cargoes,containers,dry bulk cargoes,grain cargoes and dangerous goods.The technology problems of general arrangement,damage stability,main propulsion system,energy saving and environment protection are studied.Ultra long two strokes electronic controlled fuel injection G type main engine,tunnel gear box,shaft generator and fixed pitch propeller are used for advanced main propulsion system.It provides the outstanding fuel consumption performance.

  9. Parallel Algorithm Based on General Purpose Computing on GPU and the Implementation of Calculation Framework%基于GPU通用计算的并行算法和计算框架的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宇兰

    2016-01-01

    GPU通用计算是近几年来迅速发展的一个计算领域,以其强大的并行处理能力为密集数据单指令型计算提供了一个绝佳的解决方案,但受限制于芯片的制造工艺,其运算能力遭遇瓶颈。本文从GPU通用计算的基础——图形API开始,分析GPU并行算法特征、运算的过程及特点,并抽象出了一套并行计算框架。通过计算密集行案例,演示了框架的使用方法,并与传统GPU通用计算的实现方法比较,证明了本框架具有代码精简、与图形学无关的特点。%GPGPU(General Purpose Computing on Graphics Processing Unit) is a calculation mothed that develops quiet fast in recent years, it provide an optimal solution for the intensive data calculation of a single instruction with a powerful treatment, however it is restricted in CPU making process to lead to entounter the bottleneck of hardware manufacture. This paper started from GPGPU by Graphics API to analyze the featuers, progress and characteristics of GPU parallel algorithm and obtained a set of computing framework to demonstrate it by an intensive line calculation and compared between the traditional GPU and the parallel computing framework to turn out to show that there was a simplified code and had nothing to do with graphics.

  10. Updated WFC3/UVIS Chip Dependent SYNPHOT/PYSYNPHOT Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deustua, S. E.

    2016-05-01

    The purpose of this ISR is to document the changes to WFC3/UVIS component files that are used with SYNPHOT and PYSYNPHOT as a result of the implementation of the detector dependent photometric calibration in February 2016.

  11. 75 FR 37389 - Marine Mammals; File Nos. 14628 and 15471

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... purposes:National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (Charles W. Potter, Responsible Party), PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013 (File No. 14628) andMichael Adkesson, D.V.M., Chicago Zoological...

  12. GEODOC: the GRID document file, record structure and data element description

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trippe, T.; White, V.; Henderson, F.; Phillips, S.

    1975-11-06

    The purpose of this report is to describe the information structure of the GEODOC file. GEODOC is a computer based file which contains the descriptive cataloging and indexing information for all documents processed by the National Geothermal Information Resource Group. This file (along with other GRID files) is managed by DBMS, the Berkeley Data Base Management System. Input for the system is prepared using the IRATE Text Editing System with its extended (12 bit) character set, or punched cards.

  13. 5 CFR 330.701 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PLACEMENT (GENERAL) Interagency Career Transition Assistance Plan for Displaced Employees § 330.701 Purpose... interagency career transition assistance program for Federal employees during a period of severe...

  14. ActSds and OdfSds: Programs for Converting INTERACT and The Observer Data Files into SDIS Timed-Event Sequential Data Files

    OpenAIRE

    Bakeman, Roger; Quera, Vicenç

    2008-01-01

    Programs for converting Mangold International’s INTERACT and Noldus Information Technology’s The Observer data files to Sequential Data Interchange Standard (SDIS) timed-event sequential data files are described. Users who convert their INTERACT or The Observer data files can then take advantage of various flexible and powerful data modification and computational procedures available in the Generalized Sequential Querier (GSEQ), a program that assumes SDIS-formatted files.

  15. ActSds and OdfSds: programs for converting INTERACT and The Observer data files into SDIS timed-event sequential data files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakeman, Roger; Quera, Vicenç

    2008-08-01

    In this article, we describe programs for converting Mangold International's INTERACT and Noldus Information Technology's The Observer data files to sequential data interchange standard (SDIS) timed-event sequential data files. Users who convert their INTERACT or The Observer data files can then take advantage of various flexible and powerful data modification and computational procedures available in the Generalized Sequential Querier, a program that assumes SDIS-formatted files.

  16. Iron filings cement engineered soil mix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bioretention cells are used in urban stormwater management to reduce storm surge and nutrient loss. The cells are filled with mixtures of soil, sand, compost, and other materials, and are underlain by a drain. The purpose of this study was to determine if iron filings would be a suitable filter for ...

  17. A Review on Foreign Research in General Purpose Technologies and Economic Growth%一般通用技术与经济增长的国外研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘维军

    2012-01-01

    技术进步是经济增长的源泉,但是以往研究关注的只是微小的、增量式的技术进步,这使得经济增长理论的解释能力受到局限。一般通用技术理论是20世纪90年代以来在经济增长领域发展起来的一种增长理论,与传统的经济增长理论不同,它关注具有广泛应用而且能够推动其他部门技术进步的重大技术进步。经济学家使用博弈论、DGE等方法对一般通用技术进行研究,并将其应用到其他领域,对经济增长停滞与波动、工资不平等等问题提出了全新而且相当有说服力的解释。通过对一般通用技术文献的回顾,本文一方面总结了一般通用技术理论研究取得的成果及在不同领域的应用;另一方面,在此基础上指出了一般通用技术研究中存在的理论问题以及进一步的发展方向。%It' s a common sense for economists that technological progress is the source of economic growth, but previous studies only care the micro and incremental technological progress, which makes the explanatory power of the economic growth theory limited. The general purpose technology (GPT) theory is a growth theory which was developed in 1990s. Being differ from the traditional economic growth theory,GPT theory pays close attention to those major technological progresses which are widely used to promote other sectors' technological progresses. Economists study the GPT by using game theory and DGE model, etc. , and apply it in other fields to put forward it a new and quite persuasive theory to explain the economic stagnation and fluctuation,wage inequality,etc. Through the review of GPT literatures, we summarize the GPT theory achievement and its application in different fields; on the other hand, based on generalizing the literatures,we point out the flaws in GPT literatures and the further development of the GPT theory.

  18. 12 CFR 363.4 - Filing and notice requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing and notice requirements. 363.4 Section 363.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ANNUAL INDEPENDENT AUDITS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 363.4 Filing and notice requirements....

  19. 48 CFR 204.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 204.804 Section 204.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 204.804 Closeout of contract...

  20. 15 CFR 2.4 - Procedure for filing claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedure for filing claims. 2.4 Section 2.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROCEDURES FOR HANDLING AND... (28 CFR Part 14). (b) Claims shall be filed with the Assistant General Counsel for Finance...

  1. 28 CFR 31.402 - Application on file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Application on file. 31.402 Section 31.402 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants General Conditions and Assurances § 31.402 Application on file. Any Federal funds awarded pursuant to an...

  2. 29 CFR 4003.52 - When to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When to file. 4003.52 Section 4003.52 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION GENERAL RULES FOR ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF AGENCY DECISIONS Administrative Appeals § 4003.52 When to file. Except as provided in §§...

  3. 40 CFR 716.25 - Adequate file search.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adequate file search. 716.25 Section 716.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT HEALTH AND SAFETY DATA REPORTING General Provisions § 716.25 Adequate file search. The scope of a...

  4. Botanical Files on Lettuce (Lactuca sativa). On the chance for gene flow between wild and cultivated Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. including L. serriola L., Compositae) and the generalized implications for risk-assessments on genetically modified plants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frietema de Vries, F.T.; Meijden, van der R.; Brandenburg, W.A.

    1994-01-01

    In Botanical Files, a study of the real chances for gene flow from cultivated plants to the wild a system of dispersal codes (Dpdf) was introduced (see text box Dpdf).³7 They are indications of already occurring gene flow from cultivated plants to the wild flora, as can be deduced from herbarium col

  5. Identifiable Data Files - Name and Address File and Vital...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Names and Addresses File and the Vital Status File are subsets of the data elements in the Enrollment Database (EDB). The particular information in each file is...

  6. 18 CFR 341.1 - Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials. (a) General rule. Filings of tariff publications and... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials. 341.1 Section 341.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...

  7. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 360 - Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure A... OF GENERAL POLICY RESOLUTION AND RECEIVERSHIP RULES Pt. 360, App. A Appendix A to Part 360—Non-Monetary Transaction File Structure This is the structure of the data file the FDIC will provide to remove...

  8. 5 CFR 2429.21 - Computation of time for filing papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation of time for filing papers... REQUIREMENTS General Requirements § 2429.21 Computation of time for filing papers. (a) In computing any period... § 2429.23(a) of this part, when this subchapter requires the filing of any paper with the Authority,...

  9. 26 CFR 1.6081-9 - Automatic extension of time to file exempt organization returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Automatic extension of time to file exempt organization returns. (a) In general. A corporation required to... of time for an exempt organization to file Form 990-C, “Farmer's Cooperative Association Income Tax... applies to requests for extensions of time to file an exempt organization return due after December 7...

  10. 17 CFR 200.20c - Office of Filings and Information Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Information Services. 200.20c Section 200.20c Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... General Organization § 200.20c Office of Filings and Information Services. The Office of Filings and Information Services is responsible for the receipt and initial handling of all public documents filed at...

  11. 18 CFR 3a.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 3a.1 Section 3a.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION General § 3a.1 Purpose. This part 3a describes...

  12. 23 CFR 656.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 656.1 Section 656.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS CARPOOL AND VANPOOL PROJECTS § 656.1 Purpose. The purpose of this regulation is to prescribe policies and general procedures...

  13. Patient Assessment File (PAF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Patient Assessment File (PAF) database compiles the results of the Patient Assessment Instrument (PAI) questionnaire filled out for intermediate care Veterans...

  14. Sensitivity Data File Formats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rearden, Bradley T. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-04-01

    The format of the TSUNAMI-A sensitivity data file produced by SAMS for cases with deterministic transport solutions is given in Table 6.3.A.1. The occurrence of each entry in the data file is followed by an identification of the data contained on each line of the file and the FORTRAN edit descriptor denoting the format of each line. A brief description of each line is also presented. A sample of the TSUNAMI-A data file for the Flattop-25 sample problem is provided in Figure 6.3.A.1. Here, only two profiles out of the 130 computed are shown.

  15. RRB Earnings File (RRBERN)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — RRBERN contains records for all beneficiaries on the RRB's PSSVES file who's SSNs are validated through the SVES processing. Validated output is processed through...

  16. Combining Purpose With Profits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julian Birkinshaw, Julian; Foss, Nicolai Juul; Lindenberg, Siegwart

    2014-01-01

    A sense of purpose that transcends making money can motivate employees. But to sustain both a sense of purpose and a solid level of profitability over time, companies need to pay attention to several fundamental organizing principles.......A sense of purpose that transcends making money can motivate employees. But to sustain both a sense of purpose and a solid level of profitability over time, companies need to pay attention to several fundamental organizing principles....

  17. Combining Purpose With Profits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julian Birkinshaw, Julian; Foss, Nicolai Juul; Lindenberg, Siegwart

    2014-01-01

    A sense of purpose that transcends making money can motivate employees. But to sustain both a sense of purpose and a solid level of profitability over time, companies need to pay attention to several fundamental organizing principles.......A sense of purpose that transcends making money can motivate employees. But to sustain both a sense of purpose and a solid level of profitability over time, companies need to pay attention to several fundamental organizing principles....

  18. Ethical considerations of using information obtained from online file sharing sites : The case of the piratebay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Wynsberghe, A.; van der Ham, J.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a novel approach for the ethical analysis of data collected from an online file-sharing site known as The PirateBay. Since the creation of Napster back in the late 1990s for the sharing and distribution of MP3 files across the Internet, the

  19. Register file soft error recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Bruce M.; Fox, Thomas W.; Wait, Charles D.; Muff, Adam J.; Watson, III, Alfred T.

    2013-10-15

    Register file soft error recovery including a system that includes a first register file and a second register file that mirrors the first register file. The system also includes an arithmetic pipeline for receiving data read from the first register file, and error detection circuitry to detect whether the data read from the first register file includes corrupted data. The system further includes error recovery circuitry to insert an error recovery instruction into the arithmetic pipeline in response to detecting the corrupted data. The inserted error recovery instruction replaces the corrupted data in the first register file with a copy of the data from the second register file.

  20. MAFCO: a compression tool for MAF files.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís M O Matos

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the cost of genomic sequencing has been decreasing so much that researchers all over the world accumulate huge amounts of data for present and future use. These genomic data need to be efficiently stored, because storage cost is not decreasing as fast as the cost of sequencing. In order to overcome this problem, the most popular general-purpose compression tool, gzip, is usually used. However, these tools were not specifically designed to compress this kind of data, and often fall short when the intention is to reduce the data size as much as possible. There are several compression algorithms available, even for genomic data, but very few have been designed to deal with Whole Genome Alignments, containing alignments between entire genomes of several species. In this paper, we present a lossless compression tool, MAFCO, specifically designed to compress MAF (Multiple Alignment Format files. Compared to gzip, the proposed tool attains a compression gain from 34% to 57%, depending on the data set. When compared to a recent dedicated method, which is not compatible with some data sets, the compression gain of MAFCO is about 9%. Both source-code and binaries for several operating systems are freely available for non-commercial use at: http://bioinformatics.ua.pt/software/mafco.

  1. FHEO Filed Cases

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The dataset is a list of all the Title VIII fair housing cases filed by FHEO from 1/1/2007 - 12/31/2012 including the case number, case name, filing date, state and...

  2. 21 CFR 514.11 - Confidentiality of data and information in a new animal drug application file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... application file. (a) For purposes of this section the NADA file includes all data and information submitted with or incorporated by reference in the NADA, INAD's incorporated into the NADA, supplemental NADA's... availability for public disclosure of any record in the NADA file shall be handled in accordance with the...

  3. Effect of heat treatment on K3, K3XF and MTwo endodontic files

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes F. M. Braz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of heat treatment on the transformation temperatures of K3, K3XF and MTwo endodontic files. DSC was used to investigate the domains of transformation temperatures and how the transformation temperatures vary along the file. The files were analysed as received and subjected to heat treatment. X-ray diffraction analysis was also used to investigate the stress-induced martensite transformation on the files under flexion. The results show that heat treatment influences the transformation temperatures and that under flexion, the conditions and situations in which files present a stress-induced martensite transformation can be identified.

  4. File caching in video-on-demand servers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fu-Ching; Chang, Shin-Hung; Hung, Chi-Wei; Chang, Jia-Yang; Oyang, Yen-Jen; Lee, Meng-Huang

    1997-12-01

    This paper studies the file caching issue in video-on-demand (VOD) servers. Because the characteristics of video files are very different from those of conventional files, different type of caching algorithms must be developed. For VOD servers, the goal is to optimize resource allocation and tradeoff between memory and disk bandwidth. This paper first proves that resource allocation and tradeoff between memory and disk bandwidth is an NP-complete problem. Then, a heuristic algorithm, called the generalized relay mechanism, is introduced and a simulation-based optimization procedure is conducted to evaluate the effects of applying the generalized relay mechanism.

  5. DIGITAL ONCOLOGY PATIENT RECORD - HETEROGENEOUS FILE BASED APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Sapundzhiev

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Oncology patients need extensive follow-up and meticulous documentation. The aim of this study was to introduce a simple, platform independent file based system for documentation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in oncology patients and test its function.Material and methods: A file-name based system of the type M1M2M3.F2 was introduced, where M1 is a unique identifier for the patient, M2 is the date of the clinical intervention/event, M3 is an identifier for the author of the medical record and F2 is the specific software generated file-name extension.Results: This system is in use at 5 institutions, where a total of 11 persons on 14 different workstations inputted 16591 entries (files for 2370. The merge process was tested on 2 operating systems - when copied together all files sort up as expected by patient, and for each patient in a chronological order, providing a digital cumulative patient record, which contains heterogeneous file formats.Conclusion: The file based approach for storing heterogeneous digital patient related information is an reliable system, which can handle open-source, proprietary, general and custom file formats and seems to be easily scalable. Further development of software for automatic checks of the integrity and searching and indexing of the files is expected to produce a more user-friendly environment

  6. 20 CFR 655.0 - Scope and purpose of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... secure information sufficient to make factual determinations of: (i) Whether U.S. workers are available... health care facilities can file attestations with the Department of Labor for the purpose of employing or otherwise using nonimmigrant registered nurses under H-1A visas. (c) Subparts F and G. Subparts F and G...

  7. The Direzione Generale per gli Affari Generali, il Bilancio, le Risorse Umane e la Formazione, in the re-organization of the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali: institutional purposes bent to Human Resources and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Giacomazzi

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The plan for the training for 2005 is presented as part of the re-organization of the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities and of the General Management for General Affairs, for the Budget, Human Resources and Training, in particular it is a presentation of the activities that the Administration wishes to carry out at an economic-financial level and in the management. To be more precise reference is made to the National Project “L-Lifelong Learning” – continuous learning with high technologies and basic computer training.

  8. Public Document Room file classification system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-06-01

    This listing contains detailed descriptions of the file classification system for documents available from the Public Document Room (PDR) of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. As a public service branch of the agency, the PDR maintains facilities for receiving, processing, storing, and retrieving documents which NRC generates or receives in performing its regulatory function. Unlike a library, the PDR does not maintain collections of formally published materials, such as books, monographs, serials, periodicals, or general indexes. The documents on file at the PDR can be reports, written records of meetings (transcripts), existing or proposed regulations, the text of licenses or their amendments, and correspondence.

  9. The Special Purpose Vehicle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate whether the situation where two companies appear as originators or sponsors behind a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be described as a merger, although on micro scale. Are the underlying grounds behind the creation of an SPV much different than thos...

  10. AliEnFS - a Linux File System for the AliEn Grid Services

    CERN Document Server

    Peters, A J; Buncic, P; Peters, Andreas J.

    2003-01-01

    Among the services offered by the AliEn (ALICE Environment http://alien.cern.ch) Grid framework there is a virtual file catalogue to allow transparent access to distributed data-sets using various file transfer protocols. $alienfs$ (AliEn File System) integrates the AliEn file catalogue as a new file system type into the Linux kernel using LUFS, a hybrid user space file system framework (Open Source http://lufs.sourceforge.net). LUFS uses a special kernel interface level called VFS (Virtual File System Switch) to communicate via a generalised file system interface to the AliEn file system daemon. The AliEn framework is used for authentication, catalogue browsing, file registration and read/write transfer operations. A C++ API implements the generic file system operations. The goal of AliEnFS is to allow users easy interactive access to a worldwide distributed virtual file system using familiar shell commands (f.e. cp,ls,rm ...) The paper discusses general aspects of Grid File Systems, the AliEn implementation...

  11. Detecting Hidden Encrypted Volume Files via Statistical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Piccinelli

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays various software tools have been developed for the purpose of creating encrypted volume files. Many of those tools are open source and freely available on the internet. Because of that, the probability of finding encrypted files which could contain forensically useful information has dramatically increased. While decoding these files without the key is still a major challenge, the simple fact of being able to recognize their existence is now a top priority for every digital forensics investigation. In this paper we will present a statistical approach to find elements of a seized filesystem which have a reasonable chance of containing encrypted data.

  12. Admissions file review: applying the multiple independent sampling (MIS) methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Mark D; Kulasegaram, Kulamakan Mahan; Coombs, Deborah L; Herold, Jodi

    2012-10-01

    Although multiple independent sampling (MIS) has been adapted for admissions interviews, its application for assessing written materials in the admissions file has been limited. Currently, admissions file review at the University of Toronto medical school involves one rater per file to enable holistic assessment, which may introduce a halo effect-that is, impressions of one component influencing the evaluation of other components. The authors examined whether MIS file review, through which multiple raters evaluate specific file components independently, may reduce this effect. The authors selected a stratified random sample of 300 applicant files from the 2010-2011 admissions cycle for rescoring by MIS. They divided each of the 300 applicant files into their four components (academic transcript, autobiographical sketch, personal statement, reference letters) and rebundled them into packages of 38 same-component items (purposely creating some overlap among packages to assess inter-rater reliability). The authors distributed each package to 1 of 36 raters; thus, each rater evaluated only one of four components across many applicants. The authors compared the inter-component reliability and factor analysis of MIS with that of holistic scoring. Ratings were returned for all applicants. Inter-component reliability (Cronbach alpha) was 0.69 for holistic scoring and 0.29 for MIS. Factor analysis showed all components loading heavily onto one factor in the holistic approach and onto three factors in the MIS method. Using MIS to assess the admissions file may reduce the halo effect and should be considered when evaluating applicants' written submissions.

  13. Short-Term File Reference Patterns in a UNIX Environment,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    Dandelion workstations, 3 Symbolics LISP machines and a number of special purpose devices. The 11/780. Seneca 4, was selected as the primary machine...information generated for each file system object that we are interested in is given in table 1. Processing starts at the root of the file system...directory symlink ± target of link, link name chdir + path to new working directory chroot + path of new root exit fork (fork/vfork) + child pid

  14. Selective File Dumper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassetti, Nanni; Frati, Denis

    During a computer forensics investigation we faced a problem how to get all the interesting files we need fast. We work, mainly, using the Open Source software products and Linux OS, and we consider the Sleuthkit and the Foremost two very useful tools, but for reaching our target they were too complicated and time consuming to use. For this reason we developed the Selective File Dumper, a Linux Bash script which makes it possible to extract all the referenced, deleted and unallocated files and finally to perform a keyword search, in a simple way.

  15. Value-Based File Retention: File Attributes as File Value and Information Waste Indicators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnhoven, Fons; Amrit, Chintan; Dietz, Pim

    2014-01-01

    Several file retention policy methods propose that a file retention policy should be based on file value. Though such a retention policy might increase the value of accessible files, the method to arrive at such a policy is underresearched. This article discusses how one can arrive at a method for d

  16. The purpose of adaptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Andy

    2017-10-06

    A central feature of Darwin's theory of natural selection is that it explains the purpose of biological adaptation. Here, I: emphasize the scientific importance of understanding what adaptations are for, in terms of facilitating the derivation of empirically testable predictions; discuss the population genetical basis for Darwin's theory of the purpose of adaptation, with reference to Fisher's 'fundamental theorem of natural selection'; and show that a deeper understanding of the purpose of adaptation is achieved in the context of social evolution, with reference to inclusive fitness and superorganisms.

  17. The Special Purpose Vehicle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate whether the situation where two companies appear as originators or sponsors behind a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be described as a merger, although on micro scale. Are the underlying grounds behind the creation of an SPV much different than thos...... in a merger situation? What is actually happening when two enterprises originate an SPV? And what distinguishes an SPV from a joint venture, or is it the same thing?...

  18. 5 CFR 841.1001 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-GENERAL ADMINISTRATION State Income Tax Withholding § 841.1001 Purpose. This subpart regulates state income tax withholding from payments of basic benefits under the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS)....

  19. 42 CFR 130.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... RELIEF FUND PROGRAM General Provisions § 130.1 Purpose. This part establishes criteria and procedures for... human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) due to contaminated antihemophilic factor within a specified...

  20. 33 CFR 142.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SHELF ACTIVITIES WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH General § 142.1 Purpose. This part is intended to promote workplace safety and health by establishing requirements relating to personnel, workplace activities and...

  1. 5 CFR 9701.301 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Pay and Pay Administration General § 9701.301 Purpose. (a) This subpart contains... link pay to employees' performance ratings are designed to promote a high-performance culture...

  2. 12 CFR 1710.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE General § 1710.1 Purpose. OFHEO is responsible under the Federal... minimum standards with respect to the corporate governance practices and procedures of the Enterprises....

  3. Closed Claim Query File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This file is used to hold information about disability claims that have been closed and have been selected for sampling.Sampling is the process whereby OQR reviews...

  4. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file contains data on characteristics of hospitals and other types of healthcare facilities, including the name and address of the facility and the type of...

  5. MMLEADS Public Use File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare-Medicaid Linked Enrollee Analytic Data Source (MMLEADS) Public Use File (PUF) contains demographic, enrollment, condition prevalence, utilization, and...

  6. Patient Treatment File (PTF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — This database is part of the National Medical Information System (NMIS). The Patient Treatment File (PTF) contains a record for each inpatient care episode provided...

  7. USEEIO Satellite Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These files contain the environmental data as particular emissions or resources associated with a BEA sectors that are used in the USEEIO model. They are organized...

  8. Arranging and finding folders and files on your Windows 7 computer

    CERN Document Server

    Steps, Studio Visual

    2014-01-01

    If you have lots of documents on your desk, it may prove to be impossible to find the document you are looking for. In order to easily find certain documents, they are often stored in a filing cabinet and arranged in a logical order. The folders on your computer serve the same purpose. They do not just contain files; they can also contain other folders. You can create an unlimited number of folders, and each folder can contain any number of subfolders and files. You can use Windows Explorer, also called the folder window, to work with the files and folders on your computer. You can copy, delete, move, find, and sort files, among other things. Or you can transfer files and folders to a USB stick, an external hard drive, a CD, DVD or Blu-Ray disk. In this practical guide we will show you how to use the folder window, and help you arrange your own files.

  9. File System Virtual Appliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    some of my closest friendships. Ashraf, Ippo and Neil made life much more fun. Mike Merideth introduced me to fine scotch, hi-fi speakers, and piano ...system virtual appliances (4) We analyze the sources of latency in traditional inter-VM communica- tion techniques and present a novel energy- and...tiple file system implementations within the Sun UNIX kernel” [52]. This was achieved through two techniques . First, outside the file system layer

  10. INTERNET: PENGIRIMAN FILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainul Bakri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu alasan pengguna komputer untuk berhubungan dengan Internet adalah mendapat kesempatan untuk menyalin ('download' informasi yang tersimpan dari server jaringan komputer lain (misalnya menyalin program aplikasi komputer, data mentah, dan sebagainya. File Transfer  Protocol (FfP adalah cara di Internet untuk mengirim file dari satu tempat ke komputer pengguna. Untuk keperluan ini dapat menggunakan program FTP khusus atau dengan menggunakan Web browser.

  11. 45 CFR 9.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 9.1 Section 9.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION USE OF HHS RESEARCH FACILITIES BY ACADEMIC SCIENTISTS, ENGINEERS, AND STUDENTS § 9.1 Purpose. To enhance the availability of DHHS scientific research and study facilities to academic...

  12. 44 CFR 351.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 351.1 Section 351.1 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PREPAREDNESS RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS General § 351.1 Purpose. This part sets...

  13. 10 CFR 76.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plants located in Piketon, Ohio, and Paducah, Kentucky, respectively, that are... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose. 76.1 Section 76.1 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.1 Purpose. (a)...

  14. 47 CFR 68.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK General § 68.1 Purpose. The purpose of the rules and regulations in this part is to provide for uniform standards for the protection of the telephone network from harms caused... telephone network. (47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i), 154(j), 201-205, 218, 220, 313, 403, 412, and 5 U.S.C. 553)...

  15. Efeitos de testes de leitura sobre a generalização em crianças em processo de alfabetização The purposes of reading tests over generalization in teaching of reading to children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gonçalves Medeiros

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo, de aquisição de leitura e escrita e fundamentado nos estudos de equivalência de estímulos, foi realizado com 7 crianças entre 7 e 16 anos, em processo de alfabetização, visando a investigação dos efeitos de testes de leitura, apresentados durante as etapas de um procedimento de escolha de acordo com o modelo. Dois conjuntos de testes de leitura foram apresentados durante as etapas dos pré e pós-testes e da aprendizagem. Todos os participantes aprenderam as palavras ensinadas, porém, apenas 4 deles generalizaram. Os testes de leitura não produziram generalização diferencial entre os grupos. Tendo por referência uma análise funcional e estrutural das palavras utilizadas, os acertos são discutidos com base nos efeitos da recombinação silábica e da contigüidade temporal entre tentativas reforçadas e não reforçadas; os erros são atribuídos à natureza abstrata das palavras de generalização, propondo-se, para os testes, o uso de palavras do cotidiano dos participantes.The present study aimed at investigating reading and writing acquisition, based on studies on stimulus equivalence. It was carried out with 7 children ranging from 7 to 16 years old, during literacy development, with the specific objective of investigating the effects of reading tests presented during the phases of a matching procedure. Two sets of reading tests were used during the phases of pre and post-tests and of learning. All participants involved in the research learned the taught words, although only 4 were able to generalize them. The reading tests did not produce differential generalization within the groups. Based on a functional and structural analysis of the words used, the successes are discussed taking into account the effects of the syllabic recombination and of the temporal contiguity with reinforced and non-reinforced attempts; the errors are attributed to the abstract nature of the generalization words, suggesting, for

  16. 47 CFR 1.9055 - Assignment of file numbers to spectrum leasing notifications and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assignment of file numbers to spectrum leasing... GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Spectrum Leasing General Policies and Procedures § 1.9055 Assignment of file numbers to spectrum leasing notifications and applications. Spectrum leasing notifications...

  17. Design and Implementation of General Data Import Based on Configuration File%基于配置文件的通用数据导入设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春刚

    2011-01-01

    数据导入操作是实现不同系统间数据交换的重要环节,本文利用配置文件实现异构数据的灵活导入,解决面向具体应用的问题.在综合教务管理信息系统中的成功应用验证了该方法的有效性.%Data import is key to data exchange between systems. The design based on configuration file can implicate heterogeneous data import and solve the problems of special application-oriented. The success of applying this method into the comprehensive teaching and administration system proves that it is effective.

  18. 48 CFR 2914.408-1 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General. 2914.408-1 Section 2914.408-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND... file....

  19. DSSTOX MASTER STRUCTURE-INDEX FILE: SDF FILE AND DOCUMENTATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website.

  20. Meaningful and Purposeful Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clementi, Donna

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a graphic, designed by Clementi and Terrill, the authors of "Keys to Planning for Learning" (2013), visually representing the components that contribute to meaningful and purposeful practice in learning a world language, practice that leads to greater proficiency. The entire graphic is centered around the letter…

  1. CDF Run Ⅱ Data File Catalog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.Kowalkowski; F.Ratnikov; 等

    2001-01-01

    The CDF experiment started data taking in April 2001,The data are organized into datasets which contain events of similar physics properties and reconstruction version.the information about datasets is stored in the Data File Catalog,a relational database.This information is presented to the data processing framework as objects which are retrieved using compound keys.The objects and the keys are designed to be the algorithms' view of information stored in the database.Objects may use several DB tables.A database interface management layer exists for the purpose of managing the mapping of persistent data to transient objects that can be used by the framework.This layer exists between the algorithm code and the code which reads directly from datanbase tables.At the user end,it places get/put interface on a top of a transient class for retrieval or storage of objects of this class using a key.Data File Catalog code makes use of this facility and contains all the code needed to manipulate CDF Data File Catalog from a C++ program or from the command prompt,It supports an Oracle interface using OTL,and a mSQL interface,This code and the Oravcle implementation of Data File Catalog were subjected to test during CDF Commissioning Run last fall and during first weeks of Run II in April.It performed exceptionally well.

  2. 10 CFR 1021.100 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... provisions of NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500-1508). This part supplements, and is to be used in conjunction with... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose. 1021.100 Section 1021.100 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT IMPLEMENTING PROCEDURES General §...

  3. 16 CFR 1021.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... decision-making process; and for preparation of environmental impact statements for major actions... Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW General § 1021.1 Purpose. This part contains Consumer Product Safety Commission procedures for review of environmental effects...

  4. 45 CFR 95.501 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 95.501 Section 95.501 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS) Cost Allocation Plans § 95.501...

  5. DSSTOX MASTER STRUCTURE-INDEX FILE: SDF FILE AND ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website. The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website.

  6. Frequency, purpose and Application

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Teaching English in Bahir Dar General Elementary Schools. Abiy Yigzaw ... teachers' classroom practice disclosed over-use of Amharic. Finally, it was ... rejection of the cross-lingual strategy has from time to time been .... At primary school.

  7. 75 FR 29374 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    ...\\ notice is hereby given that on April 29, 2010, The Depository Trust Company (``DTC'') filed with the... III below, which Items have been prepared primarily by DTC. DTC filed the proposal pursuant to Section... Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The purpose of the proposed rule change is to revise DTC's...

  8. 17 CFR 270.24b-2 - Filing copies of sales literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Filing copies of sales literature. 270.24b-2 Section 270.24b-2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... literature. Copies of material filed with the Commission for the sole purpose of complying with section...

  9. Effects of Self-Adjusting File, Mtwo, and ProTaper on the root canal wall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hin, E.S.; Wu, M.K.; Wesselink, P.R.; Shemesh, H.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction The purpose of this ex vivo study was to observe the incidence of cracks in root dentin after root canal preparation with hand files, self-adjusting file (SAF), ProTaper, and Mtwo. Methods One hundred extracted mandibular premolars with single canals were randomly selected. Two angulate

  10. Purposeful engineering economics

    CERN Document Server

    Chadderton, Ronald A

    2015-01-01

    This textbook/course supplement stands as a unique and highly original complement to the traditional engineering economics curriculum. Its primarily narrative approach conveys the essence of an “Austrian" economic perspective on cash flow analysis and decision making in engineering, without extensive tables and graphs, and requires very little mathematics. The book’s objective is to add a new perspective to the usual study of cash flow analysis and solely econometric engineering decision making. The author draws on the methodology of the Austrian Economists—a school of economic thought that bases its study of economic phenomena on the interpretation and analysis of the purposeful actions of individuals. The book includes an array of illustrative case studies examined in detail by the author and emphasizes the importance of market processes and price signals to coordinate engineering plans. Purposeful Engineering Economics is an ideal resource for students, teaching faculty, and practicing professional ...

  11. The purpose of philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gabriel Cristancho Altuzarra

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available It is vital to ask what to teach in philosophy and how, but to address this question, we must first determine with what purpose to do it, but above all, to know what isthe purpose of philosophy. Perhaps by determining the essential basis it would be clearer to answer the question of teaching and learning, even more, all this will help to clarify the mission of the philosophy and the philosopher today. To resolve this ponder is a philosophical reflection on traditional academic practices. Then, from some authors, it is made a dissertation on what is philosophy, to deduce in which aspects of the current academic practices is present or distant the philosophy. Finally we propose some perspectives to extend the philosophy and teaching of philosophy.

  12. Vitalism, purpose and superstition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindeman, Marjaana; Saher, Marieke

    2007-02-01

    Developmental studies have shown that children assign purpose to objects more liberally than adults, and that they explain biological processes in terms of vitalistic causality. This study tested the hypothesis that similar misconceptions can be found among superstitious adults. The results from 116 superstitious and 123 sceptical individuals showed that more than sceptics, superstitious individuals attributed purpose to objects, and explained biological processes in terms of organ intentionality and energy transmission. In addition, they thought of energy as a vital force, attributing life and mental properties to it. These conceptual confusions were positively associated to all types of superstitions as well as belief in alternative medicine. The results support the argument that category mistakes and ontological confusions underlie superstitious and vitalistic thinking.

  13. Product identification file

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, C.E. (ed.)

    1978-06-01

    This product identification file was compiled as an aid to the industrial hygienist who may encounter the products listed in surveys for and studies of occupational health hazards. It is pointed out that the chemical composition of a product may vary from year to year and some components may be added or deleted without an indication on the label. Some of the data in this file may not be complete depending on the analysis requested. For example, a solvent may be the only component for which the product was analyzed. The file is arranged by listing the chemical manufacturer, followed by the trade name. In cases where no manufacturer is known, the trade name appears in alphabetical order. The log number and the chemist who analyzed the product are listed for reference.

  14. Formalizing a Hierarchical File System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.; Lali, M.I.

    2009-01-01

    In this note, we define an abstract file system as a partial function from (absolute) paths to data. Such a file system determines the set of valid paths. It allows the file system to be read and written at a valid path, and it allows the system to be modified by the Unix operations for removal (rm)

  15. 76 FR 39757 - Filing Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... an accurate filing history can be maintained. (b) Changes to user information other than the Firm... computer or internet resources. If the request is granted, the Secretary will promptly inform you and... applicable hardware and software requirements for electronic filing. (2) To file or submit a document in...

  16. Formalizing a hierarchical file system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.; Lali, Muhammad Ikram

    2012-01-01

    An abstract file system is defined here as a partial function from (absolute) paths to data. Such a file system determines the set of valid paths. It allows the file system to be read and written at a valid path, and it allows the system to be modified by the Unix operations for creation, removal, a

  17. 37 CFR 370.1 - General definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... broadcast transmissions, if the primary purpose of the service is to provide to the public such audio or other entertainment programming, and the primary purpose of the service is not to sell, advertise, or... both, and is required under this part to be filed by a Service in the Copyright Office. (b) A...

  18. 10 CFR 2.302 - Filing of documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing of documents. 2.302 Section 2.302 Energy NUCLEAR... General Applicability: Hearing Requests, Petitions To Intervene, Availability of Documents, Selection of Specific Hearing Procedures, Presiding Officer Powers, and General Hearing Management for NRC...

  19. Multi purpose research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raina, V.K. [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)]. E-mail: vkrain@magnum.barc.ernet.in; Sasidharan, K. [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Sengupta, Samiran [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Singh, Tej [Research Reactor Services Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2006-04-15

    At present Dhruva and Cirus reactors provide the majority of research reactor based facilities to cater to the various needs of a vast pool of researchers in the field of material sciences, physics, chemistry, bio sciences, research and development work for nuclear power plants and production of radio isotopes. With a view to further consolidate and expand the scope of research and development in nuclear and allied sciences, a new 20 MWt multi purpose research reactor is being designed. This paper describes some of the design features and safety aspects of this reactor.

  20. 43 CFR 4.1371 - Who may file, where to file, when to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of proposed suspension or rescission under 30 CFR 773.22 or a notice of suspension or rescission under 30 CFR 773.23 may file a request for review with the Hearings Division, Office of Hearings and... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Who may file, where to file, when to...

  1. 78 FR 17394 - Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing Process; Notice of Technical Conference Take notice that on April 16, 2013,...

  2. 11 CFR 100.19 - File, filed or filing (2 U.S.C. 434(a)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... a facsimile machine or by electronic mail if the reporting entity is not required to file..., including electronic reporting entities, may use the Commission's website's on-line program to file 48-hour... the reporting entity is not required to file electronically in accordance with 11 CFR 104.18....

  3. 26 CFR 1.4-3 - Husband and wife filing separate returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Husband and wife filing separate returns. 1.4-3... TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-3 Husband and wife filing separate returns. (a) In general. If the... his wife is less than $5,000, and if each is required to file a return, the husband and the wife...

  4. 48 CFR 4.801 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General. 4.801 Section 4.801 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.801 General. (a) The head of each office performing...

  5. 75 FR 14626 - Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification, Clark County, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... proposed classification, lease or conveyance will be reviewed by the BLM Nevada State Director, who may...] Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification, Clark County, NV AGENCY... filed a Recreation and Public Purposes (R&PP) Act application for lease or conveyance of approximately...

  6. 75 FR 14625 - Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification, Clark County, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... to do so. Any adverse comments on the proposed classification, lease or conveyance will be reviewed...] Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification, Clark County, NV AGENCY... filed a Recreation and Public Purposes (R&PP) Act application for lease or conveyance of approximately...

  7. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Buchi

    Method: The case files of the 225 maternal deaths which occurred between ... cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its ... Multiple factors have been suggested for this fall ..... responsible for only 2, (0.9%) of deaths. In other.

  8. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    MARC (machine-readable catalogue) format. The records are ... software in the library, while in Web OPAC,. HTML files are used ... training in other fields of applied learning that is relevant to the ..... the Libraries of Engineering. Colleges in ...

  9. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    Nigeria; and the gains and challenges of utilizing e-taxation in tax ... teething problems usually encountered in all new schemes. ... is to help tax authorities reduce and possibly eliminate tax evasion. .... issues that include how to use the tax authorities' electronic tax filing system and ..... financial institution for Direct Deposit.

  10. The New Resource File

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luck, Donald D.

    2011-01-01

    The development of the resource file is a common experience in teacher preparation programs. The author examines strategies for transforming what has been a project composed of physical resources to one emphasizing digital resources. Methods for finding, tagging, storing and retrieving resources are explored.

  11. 7 CFR 271.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., in part: Congress hereby finds that the limited food purchasing power of low-income households... households to obtain a more nutritious diet through normal channels of trade by increasing food purchasing power for all eligible households who apply for participation. (b) Scope of the regulations. Part 271...

  12. [General-purpose microcomputer for medical laboratory instruments].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vil'ner, G A; Dudareva, I E; Kurochkin, V E; Opalev, A A; Polek, A M

    1984-01-01

    Presented in the paper is the microcomputer based on the KP580 microprocessor set. Debugging of the hardware and the software by using the unique debugging stand developed on the basis of microcomputer "Electronica-60" is discussed.

  13. DYNSYL: a general-purpose dynamic simulator for chemical processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patterson, G.K.; Rozsa, R.B.

    1978-09-05

    Lawrence Livermore Laboratory is conducting a safeguards program for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The goal of the Material Control Project of this program is to evaluate material control and accounting (MCA) methods in plants that handle special nuclear material (SNM). To this end we designed and implemented the dynamic chemical plant simulation program DYNSYL. This program can be used to generate process data or to provide estimates of process performance; it simulates both steady-state and dynamic behavior. The MCA methods that may have to be evaluated range from sophisticated on-line material trackers such as Kalman filter estimators, to relatively simple material balance procedures. This report describes the overall structure of DYNSYL and includes some example problems. The code is still in the experimental stage and revision is continuing.

  14. Building a General Purpose Beowulf Cluster for Astrophysics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, M. W. L.

    2005-12-01

    The challenges of designing and deploying a high performance, Linux based, Beowulf cluster for use by many departments and projects are covered. Considerations include hardware, infrastructure (space, cooling, networking, etc.), and software; particularly scheduling systems.

  15. A general purpose characterization system for rooftop hybrid microconcentrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Robert; Jones, Christopher; Thomsen, Elizabeth; Diez, Vicente Munoz; Harvey, J.; Everett, Vernie; Blakers, Andrew

    2014-09-01

    A versatile characterization system for hybrid thermal and photovoltaic solar receivers is presented and demonstrated. The characterization of the thermal loss and effective area of a novel hybrid receiver is presented.

  16. GPMIMD2: General Purpose Multiple Instruction Multiple Data Machines 2

    CERN Document Server

    TexLab Media production

    1996-01-01

    An initiative within the European ESPRIT III Programme. Demonstration of a European scalable parallel supercomputer in production environments. A scalable parallel computer based on European High Performance Computing (HPC) technology has been installed in the CERN Computer Centre since July 1994. The initiative to support this development came from the European Union's (EU) Esprit Programme (European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology). CERN was the lead partner and co-ordinator of this project. Other partners were: CERFACS, Meiko, Parsys, Telmat Multinode, and Alenia Spazio / QSW. The GPMIMD2 project started in March 1993 and terminated at the end of August 1996.

  17. General Reevaluation Supporting Documentation for Flood Control and Related Purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    1,16C Local at Wahpeton 1,020 -- 1,020 -- 1,020 Ottertail below Orwell 245 -- 245 1,585 1,830 Wild Rice at Abercrombie, ND 1,370 120 1,490 590...addition, the Corps maintains stations at Baldhill Dam, Lake Traverse, Orwell Dam, and Red Lake Dam, wnile the National Weather Service maintains many... George your investment interest earn- The major reason for the ex- Wogaman. 5th Ward; Mayor rags are in keeping with the cons of expenditures an the

  18. GPUs: An Emerging Platform for General-Purpose Computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    generations from NVIDIA and ATI (the major players in this part of the market ) are expected to support 64-bit floating- point precision (9, 10). The...get the answer as a 1x1 array float_pi = Pi.read_scalar(); // convert answer to a simple float printf(“Value of Pi = %f\

  19. 7 CFR 1485.10 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Market Access Program (MAP), and a subcomponent of that program, the Export Incentive Program... develop, maintain or expand commercial export markets for U.S. agricultural commodities and products. MAP... one entity gains an undue advantage. The MAP and EIP/MAP are administered by personnel of the...

  20. 7 CFR 227.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... carry out a nutrition information and education program through a system of grants to State agencies to provide for (a) the nutritional training of educational and foodservice personnel, (b) the...

  1. General Purpose Data-Driven System Monitoring for Space Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Modern space propulsion and exploration system designs are becoming increasingly sophisticated and complex. Determining the health state of these systems using...

  2. 7 CFR 250.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Supplemental Food Program, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Department by Federal, State and private agencies for use in any State in child nutrition programs,...

  3. 7 CFR 246.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN... Agriculture shall carry out the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children...

  4. Large General Purpose Frame for Studying Force Vectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heid, Christy; Rampolla, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Many illustrations and problems on the vector nature of forces have weights and forces in a vertical plane. One of the common devices for studying the vector nature of forces is a horizontal "force table," in which forces are produced by weights hanging vertically and transmitted to cords in a horizontal plane. Because some students have…

  5. PROSOFT: a general purpose software in protein chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrilli, P

    1988-04-01

    Applesoft and 6502 Assembler software was designed to quickly perform operations commonly encountered in protein chemistry. It was not designed for a specific application but can be conveniently used to speed up the determination of protein primary structure.

  6. standalone general purpose data logger design and implementation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    The circuit takes an input range of 15 – 30V DC in addition. 30V DC in addition. 30V DC in addition; an in-built. 9V rechargeable battery provides backup power in the absence of an external ..... chip has a size of 256 Kbits, which is equal to:.

  7. Managing RFID Sensors Networks with a General Purpose RFID Middleware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abad, Ismael; Cerrada, Carlos; Cerrada, Jose A.; Heradio, Rubén; Valero, Enrique

    2012-01-01

    RFID middleware is anticipated to one of the main research areas in the field of RFID applications in the near future. The Data EPC Acquisition System (DEPCAS) is an original proposal designed by our group to transfer and apply fundamental ideas from System and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems into the areas of RFID acquisition, processing and distribution systems. In this paper we focus on how to organize and manage generic RFID sensors (edge readers, readers, PLCs, etc…) inside the DEPCAS middleware. We denote by RFID Sensors Networks Management (RSNM) this part of DEPCAS, which is built on top of two new concepts introduced and developed in this work: MARC (Minimum Access Reader Command) and RRTL (RFID Reader Topology Language). MARC is an abstraction layer used to hide heterogeneous devices inside a homogeneous acquisition network. RRTL is a language to define RFID Reader networks and to describe the relationship between them (concentrator, peer to peer, master/submaster). PMID:22969370

  8. General purpose photoneutron production in MCNP4A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallmeier, F.X.

    1995-08-01

    A photoneutron production option was implemented in the MCNP4A code, mainly to supply a tool for reactor shielding calculations in beryllium and heavy water environments of complicated three-dimensional geometries. Photoneutron production cross sections for deuterium and beryllium were created. Subroutines were developed to calculate the probability of photoneutron production at photon collision sites and the energy and flight direction of the created photoneutrons. These subroutines were implemented into MCNP4A. Some small program changes were necessary for processing the input to read the photoneutron production cross sections and to install a photoneutron switch. Some arrays were installed or extended to sample photoneutron creation and loss information, and output routines were changed to give the appropriate summary tables. To verify and validate the photoneutron production data and the MCNP4A implementations, the yields of photoneutron sources were calculated and compared with experiments. In the case of deuterium-based photoneutron sources, the calculations agreed well with the experiments; the beryuium-based photoneutron source calculations were up to 30% higher compared with the measurements. More accurate beryllium photoneutron cross sections would be desirable. To apply the developed method to a real shielding problem, the fast neutron fluxes in the heavy-water-filled reflector vessel of the Advanced Neutron Source reactor were investigated and compared with published DORT calculations. Considering the complete independence between the calculations, the merely 10 to 20% lower fluxes obtained with MCNP4A, compared against the DORT results, were more than satisfactory, as the discrepancy is based primarily on differences in the calculated thermal neutron fluxes.

  9. 33 CFR 332.1 - Purpose and general considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Guidelines at 40 CFR part 230. (2) Pursuant to these requirements, the district engineer will issue an... available and capable of being done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics...

  10. 40 CFR 230.91 - Purpose and general considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... these requirements, the district engineer will issue an individual section 404 permit only upon a... done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall...

  11. Evaluation of the NASTRAN General Purpose Computer Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    element, the bending behavior using the quintic transverse displacement TRPLT1 element, and membrane-bending coupling using Novozhilov shallow - shell theory . This...of shallow shell theory . 7.3.3. Evaluation Results Although Narayanaswami presented two numerical examples (spherical cap, Scordelis-Lo cylindrical

  12. Managing RFID Sensors Networks with a General Purpose RFID Middleware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Valero

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available RFID middleware is anticipated to one of the main research areas in the field of RFID applications in the near future. The Data EPC Acquisition System (DEPCAS is an original proposal designed by our group to transfer and apply fundamental ideas from System and Data Acquisition (SCADA systems into the areas of RFID acquisition, processing and distribution systems. In this paper we focus on how to organize and manage generic RFID sensors (edge readers, readers, PLCs, etc… inside the DEPCAS middleware. We denote by RFID Sensors Networks Management (RSNM this part of DEPCAS, which is built on top of two new concepts introduced and developed in this work: MARC (Minimum Access Reader Command and RRTL (RFID Reader Topology Language. MARC is an abstraction layer used to hide heterogeneous devices inside a homogeneous acquisition network. RRTL is a language to define RFID Reader networks and to describe the relationship between them (concentrator, peer to peer, master/submaster.

  13. Dynamic Transparent General Purpose Process Migration for Linux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirreza Zarrabi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Process migration refers to the act of transferring a process in the middle of its execution from one machine to another in a network. In this paper, we proposed a process migration framework for Linux OS. It is a multilayer architecture to confine every functionality independent section of the system in separate layer. This architecture is capable of supporting diverse applications due to generic user space interface and dynamic structure that can be modified according to demands.

  14. A General Purpose Digital System for Field Vibration Testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune; Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Ventura, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the development and concept implementation of a highly sensitive digital recording system for seismic applications and vibration measurements on large Civil Engineering structures. The system is based on highly sensitive motion transducers that have been used by seismologists...... and geophysicists for decades. The conventional geophone's ratio of cost to performance, including noise, linearity and dynamic range is unmatched by advanced modern accelerometers. The unit comprises six independent sensor elements that can be used in two different configurations for noise reduction and extended...

  15. JUNO: a General Purpose Experiment for Neutrino Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Grassi, Marco

    2016-01-01

    JUNO is a 20 kt Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector currently under construction in the south of China. This report reviews JUNO's physics programme related to all neutrino sources but reactor antineutrinos, namely neutrinos from supernova burst, solar neutrinos and geoneutrinos.

  16. Determining PACAF Transportation Alternatives to the General Purpose Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    equipped with specified headlamps, stop lamps, turn signal lamps, reflex reflectors, parking brakes, rear view mirrors, windshields, seat belts, and...Lighting: Quartz-halogen headlamps, front and rear turn signals , high-mount rear brake and taillamps with a 20 second safety delay after vehicle is

  17. Is there any difference on the purpose of enterprise education and the general purpose of education?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blenker, Per

    The paper claims that two different types of inhabitants populate research on the entrepreneurship-education interface. Some are coming from entrepreneurship research – others are coming from education research. Depending on their disciplinary background they pose two different research questions...... other and contribute to each others research, a classical didactical method of thesis, anti-thesis and synthesis is used. Based on this analysis, the two central question of the enterprise–education nexus is reformulated into one new question of: “How can we provide self-directed learning that enables...

  18. Privacy Impact Assessment for the Claims Office Master Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Claims Office Master Files System collects information on companies in debt to the EPA. Learn how this data is collected, how it will be used, access to the data, the purpose of data collection, and record retention policies for this data.

  19. 77 FR 32081 - Marine Mammals; File No. 17236

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC050 Marine Mammals; File No. 17236 AGENCY.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The subject permit is requested under the authority of the Marine Mammal Protection... importing of marine mammals (50 CFR part 216). The purpose of the research is to evaluate how environmental...

  20. 75 FR 23242 - Marine Mammals; File Nos. 15498 and 15500

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... Society - Brookfield Zoo, 3300 Golf Road, Brookfield, IL 60513, and Georgia Aquarium, 225 Baker Street, NW...). File No. 15500: Georgia Aquarium requests authorization to import two male captive born bottlenose..., Georgia, for purposes of public display. Georgia Aquarium is: (1) open to the public on...

  1. 26 CFR 1.1502-75 - Filing of consolidated returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... which the loss arose. See paragraph (d)(5)(ix) of this section for a tacking rule. (v) Election to file... § 1.1502-32(h)(5). (ix) Five-year tacking rules for certain life-nonlife groups. For purposes...

  2. 24 CFR 203.16 - Certificate and contract regarding use of dwelling for transient or hotel purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... use of dwelling for transient or hotel purposes. 203.16 Section 203.16 Housing and Urban Development... use of dwelling for transient or hotel purposes. Every application filed with respect to insurance of... housing or any part thereof covered by the mortgage for transient or hotel purposes, together with...

  3. Permanent-File-Validation Utility Computer Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derry, Stephen D.

    1988-01-01

    Errors in files detected and corrected during operation. Permanent File Validation (PFVAL) utility computer program provides CDC CYBER NOS sites with mechanism to verify integrity of permanent file base. Locates and identifies permanent file errors in Mass Storage Table (MST) and Track Reservation Table (TRT), in permanent file catalog entries (PFC's) in permit sectors, and in disk sector linkage. All detected errors written to listing file and system and job day files. Program operates by reading system tables , catalog track, permit sectors, and disk linkage bytes to vaidate expected and actual file linkages. Used extensively to identify and locate errors in permanent files and enable online correction, reducing computer-system downtime.

  4. Huygens file service and storage architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter; Mullender, Sape; Stabell-Kulo, Tage

    1993-01-01

    The Huygens file server is a high-performance file server which is able to deliver multi-media data in a timely manner while also providing clients with ordinary “Unix” like file I/O. The file server integrates client machines, file servers and tertiary storage servers in the same storage architectu

  5. Huygens file server and storage architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter; Mullender, Sape; Stabell-Kulo, Tage

    1993-01-01

    The Huygens file server is a high-performance file server which is able to deliver multi-media data in a timely manner while also providing clients with ordinary “Unix” like file I/O. The file server integrates client machines, file servers and tertiary storage servers in the same storage architectu

  6. PFS: A Distributed and Customizable File System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we present our ongoing work on the Pegasus File System (PFS), a distributed and customizable file system that can be used for off-line file system experiments and on-line file system storage. PFS is best described as an object-oriented component library from which either a true file sy

  7. An examination of electronic file transfer between host and microcomputers for the AMPMODNET/AIMNET (Army Material Plan Modernization Network/Acquisition Information Management Network) classified network environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hake, K.A.

    1990-11-01

    This report presents the results of investigation and testing conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Project Manager -- Acquisition Information Management (PM-AIM), and the United States Army Materiel Command Headquarters (HQ-AMC). It concerns the establishment of file transfer capabilities on the Army Materiel Plan Modernization (AMPMOD) classified computer system. The discussion provides a general context for micro-to-mainframe connectivity and focuses specifically upon two possible solutions for file transfer capabilities. The second section of this report contains a statement of the problem to be examined, a brief description of the institutional setting of the investigation, and a concise declaration of purpose. The third section lays a conceptual foundation for micro-to-mainframe connectivity and provides a more detailed description of the AMPMOD computing environment. It gives emphasis to the generalized International Business Machines, Inc. (IBM) standard of connectivity because of the predominance of this vendor in the AMPMOD computing environment. The fourth section discusses two test cases as possible solutions for file transfer. The first solution used is the IBM 3270 Control Program telecommunications and terminal emulation software. A version of this software was available on all the IBM Tempest Personal Computer 3s. The second solution used is Distributed Office Support System host electronic mail software with Personal Services/Personal Computer microcomputer e-mail software running with IBM 3270 Workstation Program for terminal emulation. Test conditions and results are presented for both test cases. The fifth section provides a summary of findings for the two possible solutions tested for AMPMOD file transfer. The report concludes with observations on current AMPMOD understanding of file transfer and includes recommendations for future consideration by the sponsor.

  8. 18 CFR 154.4 - Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TARIFFS General Provisions and Conditions § 154.4 Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials. (a... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Electronic filing of tariffs and related materials. 154.4 Section 154.4 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...

  9. 29 CFR 2520.103-9 - Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... collective trusts and pooled separate accounts. The bank or insurance carrier which maintains the common or... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and....103-9 Direct filing for bank or insurance carrier trusts and accounts. (a) General. Under the...

  10. 17 CFR 232.406T - Temporary rule related to Interactive Data Files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary rule related to Interactive Data Files. 232.406T Section 232.406T Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REGULATION S-T-GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR ELECTRONIC FILINGS Xbrl-Related Documents §...

  11. 48 CFR 4.804-5 - Procedures for closing out contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.804-5 Procedures for closing out contract files. (a) The contract administration office is responsible for initiating (automated or manual) administrative closeout of the contract after receiving evidence of its physical completion. At the outset of...

  12. 47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Schedule of Statutory Charges and Procedures for Payment § 1.1155 Schedule of regulatory fees and filing...

  13. 20 CFR 416.305 - You must file an application to receive supplemental security income benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... supplemental security income benefits. 416.305 Section 416.305 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Filing of Applications General...) Exceptions. You need not file a new application if— (1) You have been receiving benefits as an...

  14. 48 CFR 2804.805 - Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files. 2804.805 Section 2804.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE General ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 2804.805 Storage, handling, and...

  15. 48 CFR 1204.804-5 - Procedures for closing out contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for closing out contract files. 1204.804-5 Section 1204.804-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 1204.804-5 Procedures for closing...

  16. 48 CFR 904.805 - Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files. 904.805 Section 904.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 904.805 Storage, handling, and...

  17. 48 CFR 1304.805 - Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files. 1304.805 Section 1304.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 1304.805 Storage, handling, and...

  18. 48 CFR 4.805 - Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files. 4.805 Section 4.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.805 Storage, handling, and disposal...

  19. 48 CFR 1304.805-70 - Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Storage, handling, and disposal of contract files. 1304.805-70 Section 1304.805-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 1304.805-70 Storage,...

  20. 48 CFR 4.804-3 - Closeout of paying office contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of paying office contract files. 4.804-3 Section 4.804-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.804-3 Closeout of paying...

  1. 48 CFR 1504.804-5 - Detailed procedures for closing out contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Detailed procedures for closing out contract files. 1504.804-5 Section 1504.804-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 1504.804-5 Detailed procedures...

  2. 48 CFR 2404.805 - Storage, handling and disposal of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Storage, handling and disposal of contract files. 2404.805 Section 2404.805 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 2404.805...

  3. 7 CFR 800.152 - Maintenance and retention of file samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance and retention of file samples. 800.152... REGULATIONS Official Records and Forms (general) § 800.152 Maintenance and retention of file samples. (a... retention period. (1) Trucks In 3 Out 5 (2) Railcars In 5 Out 10 (3) Barges (river) In 5 Out 25 (4)...

  4. 42 CFR 423.2108 - MAC Actions when request for review is filed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC Actions when request for review is filed. 423... Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2108 MAC Actions when request for review is filed. (a) General. Except as specified in paragraph (c) of this section, when an enrollee requests that the MAC...

  5. 18 CFR 4.31 - Initial or competing application: who may file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Initial or competing application: who may file. 4.31 Section 4.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...: General Provisions § 4.31 Initial or competing application: who may file. (a) Application for...

  6. 29 CFR 471.11 - What are the procedures for filing and processing a complaint?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR NOTIFICATION OF EMPLOYEE RIGHTS UNDER FEDERAL LABOR LAWS OBLIGATIONS OF FEDERAL CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS; NOTIFICATION OF EMPLOYEE RIGHTS UNDER FEDERAL LABOR LAWS General Enforcement... complaint? (a) Filing complaints. An employee of a covered contractor may file a complaint alleging that...

  7. 78 FR 10170 - Filing Dates for the Massachusetts Senate Special Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... Filing Dates for the Massachusetts Senate Special Elections AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of filing dates for special election. SUMMARY: Massachusetts has scheduled special elections on... 30-day Post-General Report on July 25, 2013. (See charts below for the closing date for each...

  8. 75 FR 49931 - Filing Dates for the Illinois Senate Special Election

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... Filing Dates for the Illinois Senate Special Election AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of filing dates for special election. SUMMARY: Illinois has scheduled a Special General Election on... December 2, 2010. (See chart below for the closing date for each report). Note that these reports are...

  9. 75 FR 44964 - Filing Dates for the West Virginia Senate Special Election

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... Doc No: 2010-18704] FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION [Notice 2010-15] Filing Dates for the West Virginia Senate Special Election AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of filing dates for special..., 2010; and a 30-day Post-General Report on December 2, 2010. (See chart below for the closing date...

  10. 43 CFR 4.1362 - Where to file; when to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Where to file; when to file. 4.1362... file; when to file. (a) The request for review shall be filed with the Hearings Division, Office of... bear the expense for this service. (b) Failure to file a request for review within the time...

  11. 11 CFR 105.1 - Place of filing; House candidates and their authorized committees (2 U.S.C. 432(g)(1)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Place of filing; House candidates and their authorized committees (2 U.S.C. 432(g)(1)). 105.1 Section 105.1 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL DOCUMENT FILING (2 U.S.C. 432(g)) § 105.1 Place of filing; House candidates and their...

  12. 16 CFR 1031.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION PARTICIPATION AND COMMISSION EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT IN VOLUNTARY STANDARDS ACTIVITIES General Policies § 1031.1 Purpose and scope. (a) This part 1031 sets forth the Consumer Product Safety Commission's guidelines and requirements...

  13. How US Filing Agents Expand Market in Asia?%How US Filing Agents Expand Market in Asia?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luwei Xie

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to make an analysis on the USA filing agents, and describe the ways through which the USA filing agents can shift their business to Asia. The paper is a description of the USA filing agents, and how they operate. The paper also provides the description of the hurdles that might come in the operations of USA filing agents in case if they want to start their operations in Asia. It make emphasis on the different factors that might come in starting the operations in Asia like the communication factors, the differences in the cultural background, understanding of the SEC rules, and the professionals with which they have to deal. In the end, it is concluded that the main rationale behind the EDGAR, is to enlist the forms of the companies in order to provide the protection to the companies. There are a number of filing agents who perform their duties in terms of providing assistance for validating, updating and recording the files of the companies with Securities and Exchange Commission. If these filing agents need to expand their business in Asian market, then it is necessary for these filing agents to understand the culture, communication modes, SEC rules and the Other requirements. It is very necessary that the filling agents should keep in consideration the fact that the standard or the full disclosure does not provide the complete guarantee about the wastage of the money. Indeed, it is allowed to Securities Exchange Commission that it can bring in force the completeness of the disclosure, but it cannot bring any impact on the quality of the company or the stock of the company.

  14. 76 FR 48836 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... Line Company, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.403: S-2 Tracker Filing to be effective 8/1/2011. Filed...-000. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: 2011 Annual Report of Cash Out Activity...

  15. Introduction to Hadoop Distributed File System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav Gopal korat

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available HDFS is a distributed file system designed to hold very large amounts of data (terabytes or even petabytes, and provide high-throughput access to this information. Files are stored in a redundant fashion across multiple machines to ensure their durability to failure and high availability to very parallel applications. This paper includes the step by step introduction to the file system to distributed file system and to the Hadoop Distributed File System. Section I introduces What is file System, Need of File System, Conventional File System, its advantages, Need of Distributed File System, What is Distributed File System and Benefits of Distributed File System. Also the analysis of large dataset and comparison of mapreducce with RDBMS, HPC and Grid Computing communities have been doing large-scale data processing for years. Sections II introduce the concept of Hadoop Distributed File System. Lastly section III contains Conclusion followed with the References.

  16. 78 FR 76293 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ...: RP14-274-000. Applicants: NGO Transmission, Inc. Description: NGO Transmission, Inc. submits tariff filing per 154.204: NGO Transmission, Inc.--Negotiated Rate Filing to be effective 1/1/2014. Filed...

  17. 75 FR 47296 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-05

    ... Palacios Gas Storage LLC. Description: Tres Palacios Gas Storage LLC submits tariff filing per 154.203: Tres Palacios Gas Storage LLC, Baseline Tariff Filing to be effective 7/28/2010. Filed Date:...

  18. 46 CFR 169.101 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS General Provisions § 169.101 Purpose. The regulations in this part set forth uniform requirements which are suited to the particular characteristics and specialized operations of sailing school vessels as defined in Title...

  19. 5 CFR 843.101 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose. 843.101 Section 843.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL... definitions and regulations that have general application throughout this part. ...

  20. 21 CFR 516.2 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... designation of minor use or minor species new animal drugs and associated exclusive marketing rights. ... AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR MINOR USE AND MINOR SPECIES General Provisions § 516.2 Purpose....

  1. 10 CFR 712.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HUMAN RELIABILITY PROGRAM Establishment of and Procedures for the Human Reliability Program General Provisions § 712.1 Purpose. This part establishes the policies and procedures for a Human Reliability Program...). The HRP is a security and safety reliability program designed to ensure that individuals who...

  2. 21 CFR 54.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... applications and reclassification petitions for medical devices. (b) The agency reviews data generated in these... DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE BY CLINICAL INVESTIGATORS § 54.1 Purpose. (a) The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) evaluates clinical studies submitted...

  3. Reflections on the Purpose of Methodology Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontra, Edit H.

    1997-01-01

    Examines the purpose of the methodology course for inservice teacher training. After considering the difficulties arising when trainees' and trainers' goals differ, the article broadens its focus to cover a more general training context and presents a model allowing trainers who recommend a learner-centered approach to put their ideas into…

  4. 7 CFR 1910.51 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL Credit Reports (Individual) § 1910.51 Purpose. This subpart prescribes the policies and procedures of the Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 for individual and joint type credit reports. Credit reports will be ordered to determine the eligibility...

  5. 34 CFR 74.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS General § 74.1 Purpose. (a) This part establishes... education, hospitals, and other non-profit organizations. (b) The Secretary does not impose additional or... State and Local Governments. (d) Non-profit organizations that implement Federal programs for the...

  6. 5 CFR 330.1101 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PLACEMENT (GENERAL) Federal Employment Priority Consideration Program for Displaced Employees of the District of Columbia Department of Corrections § 330.1101 Purpose. A displaced employee of the District of Columbia (DC) Department of Corrections (DOC) who is separated from his/her position as a result of...

  7. 10 CFR 74.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... COMMISSION (CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL General Provisions § 74.1 Purpose. (a) This part has been established to contain the requirements for the control and accounting of... control and accounting of source material at enrichment facilities are also included. (b) The...

  8. 32 CFR 169a.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES General § 169a.1 Purpose. This part: (a) Reissues DoD Instruction 4100.33 1 to update policy... § 169a.1(a). 3 Copies may be obtained if needed, from the Office of Management and Budget, Executive... and Industrial Activities Cost Comparison Handbook.” 4 See footnote 1 to § 169a.1(a)....

  9. 22 CFR 1203.735-101 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... reporting employment and financial interests. Note: These regulations are codified in State 3 FAM 620, AID... Foreign Relations UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AGENCY EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT General Provisions § 1203.735-101 Purpose. The maintenance of the highest standards of...

  10. 18 CFR 3b.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 3b.1 Section 3b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES COLLECTION, MAINTENANCE, USE, AND DISSEMINATION OF RECORDS OF IDENTIFIABLE...

  11. 76 FR 42706 - Amendment of Inspector General Operations & Reporting System Audit, Assignment, and Timesheet...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... Inspector General Operations & Reporting (IGOR) System Audit, Assignment, and Timesheet Files (EPA-42) to... & Reporting (IGOR) System Audit, Assignment, and Timesheet Files (EPA-42) will be changed to Inspector General... AGENCY Amendment of Inspector General Operations & Reporting System Audit, Assignment, and...

  12. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RV

    public purpose is the same as the definition in the 1975 Expropriation Act and the .... property for purposes of implementing a town-planning scheme, which ..... Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994, is specifically aimed at authorising the.

  13. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    various purposes like enhancement of service delivery and security purposes. ..... cybercrime, identity thefts, online pornography and cyber bullying. ... to Sarat, “the internet … poses yet other and perhaps more fundamental threats to privacy.

  14. 14 CFR 152.407 - Affirmative action plan: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative action plan: General. 152.407... shall have an affirmative action plan that meets the requirements of § 152.409 and is kept on file for... on file for review by the FAA Office of Civil Rights, one of the following: (1) An affirmative...

  15. O-Plan2 VS Sipe-2 - A General Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-07-01

    on them that are satisfied by the planner. SIPE-2 has been extended to interface with General Electric’s Tachyon system for temporal reasoning...Temporal constraints in SIPE-2 are written to a file that is read by Tachyon . Tachyon processes these constraints and writes a file of narrowed time

  16. Earnings Public-Use File, 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Social Security Administration released Earnings Public-Use File (EPUF) for 2006. File contains earnings information for individuals drawn from a systematic random...

  17. General Vegetation

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This file contains vector digital data for vegetation groupings in New Mexico at a 1:1,000,000 scale. The source software was ARC/INFO 5.0.1 and the conversion...

  18. 29 CFR 2700.56 - Discovery; general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...(c) or 111 of the Act has been filed. 30 U.S.C. 815(c) and 821. (e) Completion of discovery... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Discovery; general. 2700.56 Section 2700.56 Labor... Hearings § 2700.56 Discovery; general. (a) Discovery methods. Parties may obtain discovery by one or...

  19. 78 FR 39036 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...\\ notice is hereby given that, on June 11, 2013, NYSE MKT LLC (the ``Exchange'' or ``NYSE MKT'') filed with... Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose NYSE MKT proposes to amend its listing standard for Reverse...

  20. 40 CFR 1.3 - Purpose and functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and functions. 1.3 Section 1.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION Introduction § 1.3 Purpose and functions. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency...

  1. 28 CFR 512.10 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 512.10 Section 512.10 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION RESEARCH Research § 512.10 Purpose and scope. General provisions for the protection of human...

  2. 42 CFR 4.3 - Purpose of the Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose of the Library. 4.3 Section 4.3 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.3 Purpose of the Library. The purpose of the Library is to assist the advancement of...

  3. 20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law enforcement purposes. 401.155 Section 401... INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.155 Law enforcement purposes. (a) General. The Privacy Act allows us to disclose information for law enforcement purposes under certain...

  4. Developmental Purposes of Commercial Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Practical Pointers, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Listed are 45 table, target, manipulative, active, and creative games with such developmental purposes as associative learning, tactile discrimination, and visual motor integration. Information includes the name of the item, distributor, price, description, and developmental purpose. (JYC)

  5. Portable File Format (PFF) specifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dolan, Daniel H. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-02-01

    Created at Sandia National Laboratories, the Portable File Format (PFF) allows binary data transfer across computer platforms. Although this capability is supported by many other formats, PFF files are still in use at Sandia, particularly in pulsed power research. This report provides detailed PFF specifications for accessing data without relying on legacy code.

  6. The School Library Vertical File.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smallwood, Carol

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the maintenance of vertical files in the school library. Topics covered include circulation, weeding, using materials for special displays, acquiring materials, policies on advertising and controversial issues, cross-references, subject headings, introducing students to vertical files, beginning a collection, and preservation. (MES)

  7. Mixed-Media File Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Hendrikus Gerardus Petrus

    1999-01-01

    This thesis addresses the problem of implementing mixed-media storage systems. In this work a mixed-media file system is defined to be a system that stores both conventional (best-effort) file data and real-time continuous-media data. Continuous-media data is usually bulky, and servers storing and r

  8. XML Files: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Terms: Vitamins XML (9 K) XML Schema Definition (XSD, 2 K) Health Services Vocabulary This file contains information on all of ... Local Web site. The file contains service terms definitions and see references service types for each service term The National Library ...

  9. The DNA Files

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-09

    The DNA Files is a radio documentary which disseminates genetics information over public radio. The documentaries explore subjects which include the following: How genetics affects society. How human life began and how it evolved. Could new prenatal genetic tests hold the key to disease prevention later in life? Would a national genetic data base sacrifice individual privacy? and Should genes that may lead to the cure for cancer be privately owned? This report serves as a project update for the second quarter of 1998. It includes the spring/summer 1998 newsletter, the winter 1998 newsletter, the program clock, and the latest flyer.

  10. 39 CFR 3001.9 - Filing of documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Filing of documents. 3001.9 Section 3001.9 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of General... required or authorized by these rules or any applicable statute, rule, regulation, or order of the...

  11. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule... (CONTINUED) Schedule A to Part 285 GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 11(a) OF THE...

  12. 17 CFR 286.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports... (CONTINUED) Schedule A to Part 285 GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 11(a) OF THE...

  13. 17 CFR 289.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d... (CONTINUED) Schedule A to Part 285 GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 13(a) OF...

  14. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule... (CONTINUED) Schedule A to Part 285 GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 9(a) OF THE...

  15. 4 CFR 22.4 - Appeal File [Rule 4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GENERAL PROCEDURES RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE CONTRACT... shall furnish a copy of such documents to the contracting officer or counsel for the government... special requirements on the production of electronic documents and, if any portion of the § 22.4 file or...

  16. 48 CFR 3004.804 - Closeout of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Closeout of contract files. 3004.804 Section 3004.804 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, HOMELAND SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract...

  17. Policy and Purpose: The Economy of Deterrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Schwartz.indd 11 2/2/09 2:29:38 PM Policy and Purpose The Economy of Deterrence Norton A. Schwartz, General, USAF Timothy R. Kirk, Lieutenant...00-00-2009 to 00-00-2009 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Policy and Purpose. The Economy of Deterrence 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...article concludes with an assessment of the economy of deterrence policy within the theory framework as we examine the implications for US Air

  18. Multiple autoclave cycle effects on cyclic fatigue of nickel-titanium rotary files produced by new manufacturing methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilfer, Paul B; Bergeron, Brian E; Mayerchak, Michael J; Roberts, Howard W; Jeansonne, Billie G

    2011-01-01

    Novel nickel-titanium rotary files with proprietary manufacturing techniques have recently been marketed. The purpose of this study was to assess multiple autoclave cycle effects on cyclic fatigue of GT Series X files (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) and Twisted Files (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) METHODS: A jig using a 5-mm radius curve with 90° of maximum file flexure was used to induce cyclic fatigue failure. Files (n = 10) representing each experimental group (GT Series X 20/.04 and 20/.06; Twisted Files 25/.04 and 25/.06) were first tested to establish baseline mean cycles to failure (MCF). Experimental groups (n = 20) were then cycled to 25% of the established baseline MCF and then autoclaved. Additional autoclaving was accomplished at 50% and 75% of MCF followed by continual testing until failure. Control groups (n = 20) underwent the same procedures except autoclaving was not accomplished. The GT Series X (20/.04 and 20/.06) files showed no significant difference (p = 0.918/p = 0.096) in MCF for experimental versus control files. Twisted Files (25/.04) showed no significant difference (p = 0.432) in MCF between experimental and control groups. However, the Twisted Files (25/.06) experimental group showed a significantly lower (p = 0.0175) MCF compared with the controls. Under the conditions of this evaluation, autoclave sterilization significantly decreased cyclic fatigue resistance of one of the four file groups tested. Repeated autoclaving significantly reduced the MCF of 25/.06 Twisted Files; however, 25/.04 Twisted Files and both GT Series X files tested were not significantly affected by the same conditions. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  19. 38 CFR 19.51 - Officials authorized to file administrative appeals and time limits for filing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... file administrative appeals and time limits for filing. 19.51 Section 19.51 Pensions, Bonuses, and... Administrative Appeals § 19.51 Officials authorized to file administrative appeals and time limits for filing... to file administrative appeals within specified time limits, as follows: (a) Central...

  20. 78 FR 27372 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-10

    ... 2013 Filing to be effective 8/ 1/2013. Filed Date: 5/1/13. Accession Number: 20130501-5062. Comments Due: 5 p.m. ET 5/13/13. Docket Numbers: RP13-863-000. Applicants: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC. Description: FOSA Modifications May 2013 Filing to be effective 8/ 1/2013. Filed Date: 5/1/13. Accession...