WorldWideScience

Sample records for general electric company

  1. 78 FR 72552 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ...: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain General Electric Company model GEnx... consumed more cyclic life than they would have in revenue flight cycles. These parts were then installed into engines and introduced into revenue service without adjustment to remaining cyclic life. This...

  2. 78 FR 47235 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... Electric Company (GE) model GEnx-2B67 and GEnx-2B67B turbofan engines. This proposed AD was prompted by the... in Boeing 747-8 flight tests had consumed more cyclic life than they would have in revenue flight cycles. These parts were then installed into engines and introduced into revenue service...

  3. 78 FR 21578 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... Company (GE) model GEnx-2B67 and GEnx-2B67B turbofan engines with booster anti-ice (BAI) air duct, part... reports of cracks in the BAI air duct. This proposed AD would require initial and repetitive visual inspections of the BAI air duct, removal from service of the BAI air duct if it fails inspection and, as...

  4. 76 FR 68634 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CF6 Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... visual inspections of the forward engine mount assembly side links for cracks, stripping and reapplying... 9346M99P04, installed on the forward engine mount assembly (also known as Configuration 2). Unsafe Condition...-04] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CF6 Turbofan Engines...

  5. 75 FR 77570 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company CF6 Series Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... engine mount assembly (also known ] as Configuration 2). These engines are installed on, but not limited... Company CF6 Series Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...) for General Electric (GE) CF6-45/-50 series and CF6-80A series turbofan engines with certain...

  6. Global electricity company profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    Global Electricity Company Profiles examines the operations and strategies of 60 of the leading electricity companies in the world. Through its analysis of the key players, the report provides a comprehensive review of the current state of the global electricity industry. Using electricity sales as its criteria, the most successful companies are compared in terms of their national, regional and global importance. Global Electricity Company Profiles provides an outline of each company, its structure and operations, as well as key financial data. The detailed performance benchmarking and review of expectations for future development for each individual company provide a wealth of invaluable strategic information not available elsewhere. (author)

  7. Defense Logistics Agency Aviation Generally Purchased SoleSource Spare Parts From the General Electric Company at Fair and Reasonable Prices, but Improvements Could Be Made (Redacted)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-24

    including: • FAR Subpart 2.1, “ Definitions ;” • FAR Part 10, “ Market Research;” • DFARS Subpart 215.4, “Contract Pricing ;” • DFARS PGI 212.1...Defense Logistics Agency Aviation Generally Purchased Sole‑Source Spare Parts From the General Electric Company at Fair and Reasonable Prices , but...Purchased Sole‑Source Spare Parts From the General Electric Company at Fair and Reasonable Prices , but Improvements Could Be Made Visit us at

  8. 75 FR 5151 - General Electric Company Transportation Division; Erie, PA; Notice of Negative Determination on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... of these articles abroad. In the request for reconsideration the petitioner alleged that General... during the relevant period. To support their allegations, the petitioners attached several newspaper articles citing company's expansion plans into the emerging markets. The articles do not imply that General...

  9. General Electric Company proposed management plan, commercial buildings, National Solar Demonstration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-04-01

    The National Solar Demonstration Plan (NSDP) for the solar heating and cooling of non-residential buildings is designed to meet the goals and objectives of ERDA 23A. The plan has been formulated for a matrix of two hundred (200) commercial demonstration projects. This report contains the General Electric recommendations for the NSDP pertaining to the management structure, demonstration implementation, schedules, data dissemination, and resource requirements. Closely associated with these major planning elements are the related elements in the other recent General Electric reports submitted under the SHACOB Phase I contract. (WDM)

  10. General Electric Company Hanford Works, Project C-431-A Production Facility-Section A, design report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colburn, R.T.

    1951-03-29

    The 100-C project is to be located adjacent to the present 100-B Area. It is planned to build an addition to the present 181-B river pump house using the same elevations for pump settings, intakes, and floors as for the present pump house, thus maintaining the same suction conditions and flood protection as B Area. The 105 Building will be located on higher ground than B Area and therefore, protection against possible flood damage is assured. This report is divided into the following sections: (1) general description of project; (2) addition to existing river pump house; (3) raw water lines from 181-B addition to 183-C lead house; (4) the 183-C filter plant; (5) 190-C process pump house; (6) power house addition; (7) high tanks; (8) retention basins; (9) outside streamlines; (10) primary substation; (11) outside underground lines; (12) outside electric lines; (13) roads, railroads, walks, fences; (14) structural design of all buildings; and (15) architectural design of all buildings.

  11. 75 FR 47644 - General Electric Company, Transportation Division, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Adecco...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... 3, 2010, the USCIT remanded United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America, Local 506 v..., Pennsylvania (hereafter referred to as the subject facility). On July 1, 2009, United Electrical, Radio and... the subject facility. In accordance with section 223 of the Act, 19 U.S.C. 2273, I make the...

  12. 76 FR 9348 - Southern California Edison Company, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, San Diego Gas & Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ... Diego Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Petition Take notice that on January 31, 2011, pursuant to... Edison Company (SCE), Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), and San Diego Gas & Electric Company (SDG..., Joint Petition of Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern California Edison Company, and San Diego...

  13. 78 FR 43197 - Duke Energy Florida, Inc.; Florida Power & Light Company; Tampa Electric Company; Orlando...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Company; Orlando Utilities Commission; Notice of Compliance Filings Take notice that on July 10, 2013, Duke Energy Florida, Inc., Florida Power & Light Company, Tampa Electric Company, and Orlando...

  14. Hawaiian Electric Company Demand Response Roadmap Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levy, Roger [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Kiliccote, Sila [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2013-01-12

    The objective of this project was to develop a “roadmap” to guide the Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO) demand response (DR) planning and implementation in support of the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) 70% clean energy goal by 2030.

  15. Parametric study of prospective early commercial MHD power plants (PSPEC). General Electric Company, task 1: Parametric analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marston, C. H.; Alyea, F. N.; Bender, D. J.; Davis, L. K.; Dellinger, T. C.; Hnat, J. G.; Komito, E. H.; Peterson, C. A.; Rogers, D. A.; Roman, A. J.

    1980-01-01

    The performance and cost of moderate technology coal-fired open cycle MHD/steam power plant designs which can be expected to require a shorter development time and have a lower development cost than previously considered mature OCMHD/steam plants were determined. Three base cases were considered: an indirectly-fired high temperature air heater (HTAH) subsystem delivering air at 2700 F, fired by a state of the art atmospheric pressure gasifier, and the HTAH subsystem was deleted and oxygen enrichment was used to obtain requisite MHD combustion temperature. Coal pile to bus bar efficiencies in ease case 1 ranged from 41.4% to 42.9%, and cost of electricity (COE) was highest of the three base cases. For base case 2 the efficiency range was 42.0% to 45.6%, and COE was lowest. For base case 3 the efficiency range was 42.9% to 44.4%, and COE was intermediate. The best parametric cases in bases cases 2 and 3 are recommended for conceptual design. Eventual choice between these approaches is dependent on further evaluation of the tradeoffs among HTAH development risk, O2 plant integration, and further refinements of comparative costs.

  16. MODERN ELECTRIC CARS OF TESLA MOTORS COMPANY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O. F. Vynakov; E. V. Savolova; A. I. Skrynnyk

    2016-01-01

    This overview article shows the advantages of a modern electric car as compared with internal combustion cars by the example of the electric vehicles of Tesla Motors Company. It (в смысле- статья...

  17. MODERN ELECTRIC CARS OF TESLA MOTORS COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    O. F. Vynakov; E. V. Savolova; A. I. Skrynnyk

    2016-01-01

    This overview article shows the advantages of a modern electric car as compared with internal combustion cars by the example of the electric vehicles of Tesla Motors Company. It (в смысле- статья) describes the history of this firm, provides technical and tactical characteristics of three modifications of electric vehicles produced by Tesla Motors. Modern electric cars are not less powerful than cars with combustion engines both in speed and acceleration amount. They are reliable, economical ...

  18. MODERN ELECTRIC CARS OF TESLA MOTORS COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    O. F. Vynakov; E. V. Savolova; A. I. Skrynnyk

    2016-01-01

    This overview article shows the advantages of a modern electric car as compared with internal combustion cars by the example of the electric vehicles of Tesla Motors Company. It (в смысле- статья) describes the history of this firm, provides technical and tactical characteristics of three modifications of electric vehicles produced by Tesla Motors. Modern electric cars are not less powerful than cars with combustion engines both in speed and acceleration amount. They are reliable, economical ...

  19. MODERN ELECTRIC CARS OF TESLA MOTORS COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. F. Vynakov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This overview article shows the advantages of a modern electric car as compared with internal combustion cars by the example of the electric vehicles of Tesla Motors Company. It (в смысле- статья describes the history of this firm, provides technical and tactical characteristics of three modifications of electric vehicles produced by Tesla Motors. Modern electric cars are not less powerful than cars with combustion engines both in speed and acceleration amount. They are reliable, economical and safe in operation. With every year the maximum range of an electric car is increasing and its battery charging time is decreasing.Solving the problem of environmental safety, the governments of most countries are trying to encourage people to switch to electric cars by creating subsidy programs, lending and abolition of taxation. Therefore, the advent of an electric vehicle in all major cities of the world is inevitable.

  20. 78 FR 72877 - Arkansas Electric Corporation v. Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Arkansas Electric Corporation v. Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company; Notice... Procedure of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission), 18 CFR 385.206, Arkansas Electric Corporation (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company...

  1. 76 FR 24465 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company Notice of Application Tendered for Filing....: 2310-193. c. Date Filed: April 12, 2011. d. Applicant: Pacific Gas and Electric Company. e. Name of... Contact: Steve Peirano, Relicensing Project Manager, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, P.O. Box...

  2. 77 FR 65419 - Virginia Electric and Power Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... and Power Company AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Partial Director's Decision; issuance... Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (North Anna 1 and 2), by the Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO or... August 23, 2011, Virginia Electric and Power Company (the licensee) should be required to obtain...

  3. 77 FR 26321 - Virginia Electric and Power Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... Power Company AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Director's Decision; issuance. SUMMARY: The... Electric and Power Company (VEPCO or the licensee). The petition requested that the NRC: (1) Take escalated... be formally communicated to Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO) in a written...

  4. 78 FR 54691 - American General Life Insurance Company, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... COMMISSION American General Life Insurance Company, et al. August 29, 2013, AGENCY: The Securities and... Life Insurance Company (``American General''), The United States Life Insurance Company in the City of New York (``US Life'') (each, an ``Insurance Company'' and together, the ``Insurance Companies''),...

  5. General Electric presents $325,000 to College of Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2007-01-01

    The General Electric Company has presented a $300,000 check to Virginia Tech's College of Engineering to create three endowed fellowships in memory of its three slain engineering professors killed on April 16.

  6. General Electric presents $325,000 to College of Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2007-01-01

    The General Electric Company has presented a $300,000 check to Virginia Tech's College of Engineering to create three endowed fellowships in memory of its three slain engineering professors killed on April 16.

  7. Electricity Self-Generation Costs for Industrial Companies in Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diboma Benjamin Salomon

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Industrial production in developing countries (DC is frequently perturbed by electric energy supply difficulties. To overcome this problem, generators are used in self-generation of energy, but this leads to an increase of electricity-related expenses. This article assesses the impact of electricity self-generation on Cameroonian industrial companies. The model described in this article is based on data collected through a survey of a representative sample of industrial companies and from numerous previous thematic and statistical studies. The results of our analyses show that expenses related to electricity in industrial companies in Cameroon have increased five times due to electricity rationing and untimely power cuts. The article also suggests some solutions to improve the electricity self-generation capacity of industrial companies.

  8. 75 FR 910 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company CF34-1A, -3A, -3A1, -3A2, -3B, and -3B1...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-07

    ... instructions related to operators who fly a regional jet (RJ) with the CF34-3A1 engine as a business jet (BJ.... We also estimate that it would take about 2 work-hours per engine to perform the required actions... Company CF34-1A, -3A, -3A1, -3A2, -3B, and -3B1 Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation...

  9. 76 FR 52213 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CF6-45 Series and CF6-50 Series Turbofan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ...;having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed #0;to and codified in the Code of... inspection) or operational history since the last inspection. MTU asked us to change the inspection to the... for maintenance involving the separation of the turbine mid-frame forward flange from the...

  10. Models and strategies for electricity distribution companies in emerging economies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaragocin Espinosa, Leonardo Vicente

    Unbundling and privatization have become key elements of restructuring in the Electric Power Industry of Emerging Economies. These processes have concentrated on the Generation and Transmission areas, leaving Distribution as lower priority. Based on a comparison between the old role of Distribution Companies (DISCOS) and its new potential role this study identifies the main issues and challenges that DISCOS will face in the new environment once structural and ownership changes are completed. For the specific case of DISCOS in Emerging Economies, regulatory policies are reviewed and strategies identified in order to facilitate the transition and to assist in the integration of DISCOS with other agents in the evolving electric power market. Of particular importance in this research is the analysis of the role of Energy Efficiency (EE) in the new structural and governance environment. A theoretical study of the effects of energy efficiency measures, specifically loss reduction, on price regulation is developed within a proposed regulatory regime of privatization together with Price-Cap Regulation. This theoretical benchmark is then used as a starting point for a case study, the Electric System of Ecuador, where an analysis of the current Ecuadorian price regulation scheme (the Distribution Value Added Charge, VAD, scheme) is presented and analyzed in detail. General recommendations for improving the application of the VAD pricing approach are advanced, with special reference to the current situation in Ecuador.

  11. Explaining the inefficiency of electrical distribution companies. Peruvian firms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Reyes, Raul [Organismo Supervisor de la Inversion en Energia y Mineria, OSINERGMIN (Peru); Tovar, Beatriz [Infrastructure and Transport Research Group (EIT), Department of Applied Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    This paper investigates the extent to which the structural reform of the Peruvian electricity market, implemented in the 1990s, has improved the efficiency of the distribution companies; and it evaluates the influence on efficiency of firm specific explanatory variables. To do this, we rely on data from 14 distribution companies between 1996 and 2006. The results indicate that the incentives generated by the reform process led to the firms becoming more efficient. Moreover, the time trend and private management of the distribution companies are variables that positively affect the levels of efficiency, whereas the lower network densities are then the greater the inefficiency. (author)

  12. General Relativity in Electrical Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Leonhardt, Ulf; Philbin, Thomas G.

    2006-01-01

    In electrical engineering metamaterials have been developed that offer unprecedented control over electromagnetic fields. Here we show that general relativity lends the theoretical tools for designing devices made of such versatile materials. Given a desired device function, the theory describes the electromagnetic properties that turn this function into fact. We consider media that facilitate space-time transformations and include negative refraction. Our theory unifies the concepts operatin...

  13. 76 FR 61687 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... Commission's (Commission) regulations, 18 CFR part 380 (Order No. 486, 52 FR 47897), the Office of Energy... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Pacific Gas and Electric Company Notice of Availability of...

  14. Team Building. Baldor Electric Company. [Facilitator Guide and Participant Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint Louis Community Coll., MO. Workplace Literacy Services Center.

    This document contains the facilitator and participant guides for a course in team building that was developed by a community college for a St. Louis (Missouri) electric company. The facilitator's guide contains the transparency masters, outlines, learning activities, questionnaires, and other handouts required for two course sessions. The first…

  15. 75 FR 65513 - General Motors Company, Pontiac Company, Pontiac, MI; Notice of Affirmative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Pontiac Company, Pontiac, MI; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated June 11, 2010, a representative of the International Union of...

  16. Profiting from competition: Financial tools for electric generation companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Charles William, Jr.

    Regulations governing the operation of electric power systems in North America and many other areas of the world are undergoing major changes designed to promote competition. This process of change is often referred to as deregulation. Participants in deregulated electricity systems may find that their profits will greatly benefit from the implementation of successful bidding strategies. While the goal of the regulators may be to create rules which balance reliable power system operation with maximization of the total benefit to society, the goal of generation companies is to maximize their profit, i.e., return to their shareholders. The majority of the research described here is conducted from the point of view of generation companies (GENCOs) wishing to maximize their expected utility function, which is generally comprised of expected profit and risk. Strategies that help a GENCO to maximize its objective function must consider the impact of (and aid in making) operating decisions that may occur within a few seconds to multiple years. The work described here assumes an environment in which energy service companies (ESCOs) buy and GENCOs sell power via double auctions in regional commodity exchanges. Power is transported on wires owned by transmission companies (TRANSCOs) and distribution companies (DISTCOs). The proposed market framework allows participants to trade electrical energy contracts via the spot, futures, options, planning, and swap markets. An important method of studying these proposed markets and the behavior of participating agents is the field of experimental/computational economics. For much of the research reported here, the market simulator developed by Kumar and Sheble and similar simulators has been adapted to allow computerized agents to trade energy. Creating computerized agents that can react as rationally or irrationally as a human trader is a difficult problem for which we have turned to the field of artificial intelligence. Some of our

  17. 75 FR 49527 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ..., Willow Run Transmission Plant Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek; Ypsilanti, MI; Amended... General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant... location of General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run...

  18. 78 FR 77114 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company: Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Comments...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ..., 2013. d. Applicants: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (licensee). e. Name of Projects: Potter Valley..., License Coordinator, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Mail Code: N11C P.O. Box 770000 San Francisco, CA...

  19. The development of multimedia communication system for electric power company

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woo, Hee Gon; Kim, Seong Bok [Korea Electric Power Corp. (KEPCO), Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Research Center

    1995-12-31

    It is a final report of the research project that is a development of PC-LAN based multimedia desktop conference system, which is research on the essential technologies and application and development of multimedia communication services for electric power company. This report is consisted of -Survey and study of the multimedia related technologies, -Multimedia communication protocols and network configurations, and -Design, developments of pilot model, evaluation, and applications of multimedia conference system. (author). 112 refs., 250 figs.

  20. [Tampa Electric Company IGCC project]. Final public design report; Technical progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This final Public Design Report (PDR) provides completed design information about Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit No. 1, which will demonstrate in a commercial 250 MW unit the operating parameters and benefits of the integration of oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasification with advanced combined cycle technology. Pending development of technically and commercially viable sorbent for the Hot Gas Cleanup System, the HGCU also is demonstrated. The report is organized under the following sections: design basis description; plant descriptions; plant systems; project costs and schedule; heat and material balances; general arrangement drawings; equipment list; and miscellaneous drawings.

  1. Smart Grid Innovation Management for SME Electricity Companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben

    2011-01-01

    years ahead, smart grid represents an excellent case of continuous innovation. The current study use a series of loosely related technological studies of smart grid related technologies in SME electricity companies to highlight critical issues in this innovation process. Major findings......To meet requirements on sustainability in the society’s energy consumption power producers and consumers need smart grid technology to balance, plan and prioritize among the different items. Smart grid represents a host of specification, unproven products and concepts and a strong and dedicated...... innovation process lies ahead for utility companies in screening, testing, maturing, implementing and operating smart grids. This process is expected to follow the political targets for CO2 reduction stretching forward until 2050. As no proven concepts exists, and as the process is expected to progress many...

  2. Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, S.D.; Shafer, J.R.

    1994-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company (TEC) is in the construction phase for the new Polk Power Station, Unit {number_sign}1. This will be the first unit at a new site and will use Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology for power generation. The unit will utilize oxygen-blown entrained-flow coal gasification, along with combined cycle technology, to provide nominal net 26OMW of generation. As part of the environmental features of this process, the sulfur species in the coal will be recovered as a commercial grade sulfuric acid by-product. The sulfur will be removed from the synthesis gas utilizing a cold gas clean-up system (CGCU).

  3. The Organization of Corporate Patent Management in US Companies: A Case Study of the Thomson-Houston Electric Company

    OpenAIRE

    Nishimura, Shigehiro; 西村, 成弘

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to describe the process of internalization of patent control into the modern industrial enterprise, and to clarify the organization of the patent department of the Thomson-Houston Electric Company. Up until 1888 the patent application and related Thomson, for almost of all of the patents of the company were many competitors to become a big company having many investors and ingestions. Around 1891, the patent department was headed and supervised by patent attorneys as counsel w...

  4. 75 FR 32458 - Virginia Electric and Power Company v. PJM Interconnection, LLC; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Virginia Electric and Power Company v. PJM Interconnection, LLC; Notice of... Power Company (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against PJM Interconnection, LLC...

  5. Electric Service Areas, Area showing what electric company serves a particular area, Published in 2004, Johnson County AIMS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Service Areas dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as 'Area showing what electric company serves a...

  6. Pricing Decision Support System for Generation Companies in Electricity Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FangDebin; WangXianjia

    2005-01-01

    In order to meet the requirement of separating power plants from power network and that of the competition based power transaction in power market, the pricing decision support system for generation companies (GCPDSS) is built in electricity market. This paper introduces the conception of intelligent decision support system (IDSS) and puts emphasis on the systematical structural framework,work process, design principal, and fundamental function of GCPDSS. The system has the module to analyze the cost, to forecast the demand of power, to construct the pricing strategies, to manage the pricing risk, and to dispatch giving the pricing strategies.The case study illustrates that the friendly window-based user interface of the system enables the user to take full advantage of the capabilities of the system in order to make effective real-time decisions.

  7. 75 FR 77666 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Technical Center, Including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Technical Center, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Bartech Group, CDI Professional Services, EDS/HP Enterprise Services, Engineering...

  8. 76 FR 4726 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Technical Center Including On...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Technical Center Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Bartech Group, CDI Professional Services, EDS/HP Enterprise Services, Engineering Labs...

  9. 75 FR 54388 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ..., Orion Assembly Plant Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek Automotive Lake Orion, MI; Amended... of General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant, Lake Orion, Michigan. The notice was published in the Federal Register on April 23, 2010 (75 FR 21355)....

  10. 76 FR 69713 - Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant to section 202(e... Order No. EA-314, which authorized BP Energy to transmit electric energy from the United States...

  11. 78 FR 11633 - Application To Export Electric Energy; ConocoPhillips Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; ConocoPhillips Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and... to renew its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant to... transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer for a five-year term...

  12. 75 FR 78979 - Application to Export Electric Energy; Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... Application to Export Electric Energy; Twin Rivers Paper Company Inc. AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery.... (Twin Rivers) has applied for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada... authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada over the existing...

  13. 76 FR 69712 - Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; BP Energy Company AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... its authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada pursuant to section 202(e... (DOE) issued Order No. EA-315, which authorized BP Energy to transmit electric energy from the...

  14. Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

    1995-07-01

    In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

  15. Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

    1995-07-01

    In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

  16. 78 FR 8193 - In the Matter of Virginia Electric and Power Company, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; ESP...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... COMMISSION In the Matter of Virginia Electric and Power Company, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; ESP for North Anna ESP Site; Order Approving Direct Transfer of Early Site Permit and Approving Conforming... Dominion Electric Cooperative (ODEC), hold Early Site Permit 003 (ESP-003) for North Anna Site issued...

  17. Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station IGCC project: Project status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDaniel, J.E.; Carlson, M.R.; Hurd, R.; Pless, D.E.; Grant, M.D. [Tampa Electric Co., FL (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station is a nominal 250 MW (net) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant located to the southeast of Tampa, Florida in Polk County, Florida. This project is being partially funded under the Department of Energy`s Clean Coal Technology Program pursuant to a Round II award. The Polk Power Station uses oxygen-blown, entrained-flow IGCC technology licensed from Texaco Development Corporation to demonstrate significant reductions of SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions when compared to existing and future conventional coal-fired power plants. In addition, this project demonstrates the technical feasibility of commercial scale IGCC and Hot Gas Clean Up (HGCU) technology. The Polk Power Station achieved ``first fire`` of the gasification system on schedule in mid-July, 1996. Since that time, significant advances have occurred in the operation of the entire IGCC train. This paper addresses the operating experiences which occurred in the start-up and shakedown phase of the plant. Also, with the plant being declared in commercial operation as of September 30, 1996, the paper discusses the challenges encountered in the early phases of commercial operation. Finally, the future plans for improving the reliability and efficiency of the Unit in the first quarter of 1997 and beyond, as well as plans for future alternate fuel test burns, are detailed. The presentation features an up-to-the-minute update on actual performance parameters achieved by the Polk Power Station. These parameters include overall Unit capacity, heat rate, and availability. In addition, the current status of the start-up activities for the HGCU portion of the plant is discussed.

  18. Air quality effects of South Carolina electric and gas company's proposed Cope power plant

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A review of preliminary determination prepared by the South Carolina bureau of air quality control for the South Carolina electric and gas company's proposed cope...

  19. 75 FR 19431 - Union Electric Company; Notice of Consideration of Issuance of Amendment to Facility Operating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-14

    ... COMMISSION Union Electric Company; Notice of Consideration of Issuance of Amendment to Facility Operating License, Proposed No Significant Hazards Consideration Determination, and Opportunity for a Hearing The U... amendment request involves no significant hazards consideration. Under the Commission's ] regulations in...

  20. REACTOR AND SHIELD PHYSICS. Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle, Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, W.E.; Simpson, J.D.

    1962-01-01

    This volume is one of twenty-one summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This volume describes the experimental and theoretical work accomplished in the areas of reactor and shield physics.

  1. Design of investment management optimization system for power grid companies under new electricity reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chunhui; Su, Zhixiong; Wang, Xin; Liu, Yang; Qi, Yongwei

    2017-03-01

    The new normalization of the economic situation and the implementation of a new round of electric power system reform put forward higher requirements to the daily operation of power grid companies. As an important day-to-day operation of power grid companies, investment management is directly related to the promotion of the company's operating efficiency and management level. In this context, the establishment of power grid company investment management optimization system will help to improve the level of investment management and control the company, which is of great significance for power gird companies to adapt to market environment changing as soon as possible and meet the policy environment requirements. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to construct the investment management optimization system of power grid companies, which includes investment management system, investment process control system, investment structure optimization system, and investment project evaluation system and investment management information platform support system.

  2. Energy Systems Integration: NREL + SolarCity and the Hawaiian Electric Companies (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-02-01

    This fact sheet describes the collaboration between NREL, SolarCity, and the Hawaiian Electric Companies at the Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) to address the safety, reliability, and stability challenges of interconnecting high penetrations of distributed photovoltaics with the electric power system.

  3. 17 CFR 250.7 - Companies deemed not to be electric or gas utility companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... a statement of receipts and expenditures for such year and of financial status at its end. (3) As a... receipts and expenditures for such year and of financial status at its end. (4) If it appears to the... foregoing; and (i) Such facility is leased under a net lease directly to a public utility company either...

  4. Measuring efficiency and productivity change (PTF) in the Peruvian electricity distribution companies after reforms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Reyes, Raul [Organismo Supervisor de la Inversion en Energia y Mineria, Osinergmin (Peru); Tovar, Beatriz [Infrastructure and Transport Research Group (EIT), Department of Applied Economics, University of Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

    2009-06-15

    This paper analyzes the evolution of productivity of the electricity distribution companies in Peru, to assess whether reforms have improved the efficiency in this sector. The paper also identifies potential sources of productivity changes, based on market restructuring the electricity sector and changes in property. To do this, we rely on a set of data for 14 distribution companies, for the period 1996-2006. Our analysis suggests that improvements in the efficiency and productivity of electricity distribution in Peru have occurred, and that there is a relationship between the restructuring of distribution sector and the enhancement of productivity. (author)

  5. Measures against emergency disasters taken by electric power companies, as seen in Kyushu Electric Power Company; Kyushu denryoku ni miru denryoku kaisha no hijo saigai taisaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kakemoto, K. [Kyushu Electric Power Co. Inc., Fukuoka (Japan)

    1994-09-01

    This paper introduces measures against emergency disasters taken by Kyushu Electric Power Company. The paper summarizes the following items: the structure of the emergency disaster handling organizations in the company, steps taken prior to an occurrence of an anticipated disaster (identification of climate information, assurance of personnel to perform the measures and personnel required for restoration, assurance of restoration materials and equipment availability, and their arrangements in advance), and operations (restoration, public communications, and supports) taken by a preparatory organization when a disaster is anticipated and an emergency organization (for a case when a disaster may be expected to occur within several hours, or when it has occurred). The paper then summarizes the emergency disaster information system including the information collecting subsystem for hydro-electric power generation, power transformation, power transmission, communication, and civil engineering facilities, the information collecting (power failure information processing) subsystem for power distribution facilities, the power feeding and climate information collecting subsystem, the wind observation subsystem, and the kinds of information to be collected. The paper mentions additionally the number of houses having suffered power failure and facility damages in the company`s controlling areas during heavy rains and typhoons in 1993. 5 figs., 7 tabs.

  6. Strategies of General.Electric company's Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娜

    2016-01-01

    As the biggest multinational corporate providing technology and services, the success of General Electric (GE) is always used for reference by other companies. This report is to evaluate the suitability of GE's strategic position from 2001 to early 2014. After a brief company overview, the report first points out current strategies which GE applies and analyses GE's activities with strategy concepts such as Porter's generic strategy and' Ansoff matrix. Strategic position analysis consists pf environmental analysis, capability analysis and stakeholders' expectations and purposes. GE's environmental analysis is drawn from macro-environment with PEST analysis and micro-environment with Porter's five forces analysis, and opportunities and threats are evaluated based on that. After that, the report introduces resources deployed by GE and therefore outlines the strengths and weakness of GE's strategy. Following GE's capability analysis, the stakeholders' power distribution and purposes part describes corporate governance, stakeholders' expectation and CSR to illustrate how GE's strategies are affected by stakeholder's exnectations.

  7. 78 FR 67357 - Vineland Municipal Electric Utility v. Atlantic City Electric Company PJM Interconnection, L.L.C...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... Interconnection, L.L.C.; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on November 1, 2013, pursuant to sections 205, 206... City Electric Company and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. (Respondents). Vineland seeks an order granting full and immediate refunds of all amounts paid in violation of the Interconnection Agreement and...

  8. Settlement Between Electric Transmission Companies under the Point of Connection Tariff or "Postal Stamp" System (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Hatta, Tatsuo

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses how an electric transmission company in a pass-through area should settle the cost of a pass-through with the neighboring transmission companies under the point-of-connection tariff system. First, the paper shows that if the cost of the pass-through is settled based on the principle that determines the (metered) power transmission fares for ordinary customers (i.e. injectors and withdrawers) of the transmission companies, the fare receipts of the pass-through transmission...

  9. 76 FR 64844 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... Internet at http://www.regulations.gov ; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and... of those comments. We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http:// ] www.regulations... work-hours to perform an EGT resistance check, 1 work-hour to perform an EGT thermocouple inspection...

  10. 78 FR 50320 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ...-2B67B turbofan engines with booster anti-ice (BAI) air duct, part number (P/N) 2469M32G01, and support bracket, P/N 2469M46G01, installed. This AD was prompted by reports of cracks in the BAI air duct. This AD requires initial and repetitive visual inspections of the BAI air duct, removal from service of the BAI...

  11. 77 FR 48110 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... additional reports of fuel leaks and two reports of engine fire due to mis-assembled supporting brackets on... engines. That AD requires replacement of the fuel tube connecting the fuel flowmeter to the IDG fuel-oil cooler and the fuel tubes connecting the fuel flowmeter to the Main Engine Control (MEC)...

  12. Receiving Gifts from Commercial Companies. Part 1: The Need for General Institutional Guidelines. Part 2: Example of General Institutional Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, R. Van

    1994-01-01

    General institutional guidelines for gifts from commercial companies are needed, in light of national trends. Commercially supported continuing medical education, those concerning personal gifts to physicians, and conflict of interest and research are areas to be considered. (SK)

  13. Customer Representatives As Part-Time Marketers Of Online Services : Case: Tapiola General Mutual Insurance Company

    OpenAIRE

    Niemelä, Jere

    2011-01-01

    The empirical study that this thesis is based on was ordered to be conducted by Tapiola General Mutual Insurance Company, a Finnish customer-owned insurance company that offers its customers general insurance. The purpose of this thesis is to determine the current online services-related competence of customer representatives working at Tapiola General’s customer interface, namely at the company’s branch offices and its contact center. There is great demand within Tapiola General for a b...

  14. Performance benchmarking and incentive regulation. Considerations of directing signals for electricity distribution companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honkapuro, S.

    2008-07-01

    After the restructuring process of the power supply industry, which for instance in Finland took place in the mid-1990s, free competition was introduced for the production and sale of electricity. Nevertheless, natural monopolies are found to be the most efficient form of production in the transmission and distribution of electricity, and therefore such companies remained franchised monopolies. To prevent the misuse of the monopoly position and to guarantee the rights of the customers, regulation of these monopoly companies is required. One of the main objectives of the restructuring process has been to increase the cost efficiency of the industry. Simultaneously, demands for the service quality are increasing. Therefore, many regulatory frameworks are being, or have been, reshaped so that companies are provided with stronger incentives for efficiency and quality improvements. Performance benchmarking has in many cases a central role in the practical implementation of such incentive schemes. Economic regulation with performance benchmarking attached to it provides companies with directing signals that tend to affect their investment and maintenance strategies. Since the asset lifetimes in the electricity distribution are typically many decades, investment decisions have far-reaching technical and economic effects. This doctoral thesis addresses the directing signals of incentive regulation and performance benchmarking in the field of electricity distribution. The theory of efficiency measurement and the most common regulation models are presented. The chief contributions of this work are (1) a new kind of analysis of the regulatory framework, so that the actual directing signals of the regulation and benchmarking for the electricity distribution companies are evaluated, (2) developing the methodology and a software tool for analysing the directing signals of the regulation and benchmarking in the electricity distribution sector, and (3) analysing the real

  15. Barriers to Classroom Use of THE ELECTRIC COMPANY: A Formative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielke, Keith W.

    Barriers to the use of The Electric Company (TEC) instructional television (ITV) series in primary education classrooms are examined. Findings from interviews with teachers in classrooms where ITV facilities are available and professional ITV spokespersons are summarized. Based upon the findings from these interviews and past ITV research, the…

  16. Training Needs Assessment of Technical Skills in Managers of Tehran Electricity Distribution Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koohi, Amir Hasan; Ghandali, Fatemeh; Dehghan, Hasan; Ghandali, Najme

    2016-01-01

    Current dissertation has been conducted in order to investigate and detect training needs of the mangers (top and middle) in Tehran Electricity Distribution Company. Research method is applied kind based on its purpose. Due to data collection method, this query is descriptive-survey type. Statistical population in this study is all of managers in…

  17. 75 FR 27338 - San Diego Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission San Diego Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Filing May 7, 2010. Take notice that on May 4, 2010, The California Power Exchange Corporation filed a refund report, pursuant to the...

  18. The level of diversity in European electricity companies based on selected economic indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Ulatowska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article was to show variations in the electricity sector in the context of macro and micro-economic conditions with the use of discriminatory analysis. Using the STATISTICA programe to carry out the analysis of discrimination macroeconomic data has been used on the economies of the countries in which the parent companies of the energy companiesare established and the financial and economic results of individual concerns. Power companies: power plants, distribution companies and vendors of energy in Poland have been included as a single entity. An attempt to determine the factors of macro and micro-economic and financial data, which significantly affected the distinctionbetween the concerns was investigated. The results of the discriminatory analysis allowed for the submission of the following conclusions: selected on the basis of the following micro-economic factors distinguished the companies that had the largest share of variables: revenue per employee and long-term assets to long-term capital, and clearly distinguished EdF and electricity companies in Poland. This means that the dominant European companies show a similarity in implementation adopted by the owners of the economic-financial conditions for development. According to factors and the economic contribution to the largest macroeconomic identifying similar groups had the same variables: consumption of electricity in TWh and public debt in% of GDP, which correctly classified all concerns at 100%. It follows from this that the greatest contributions in distinguishing concerns have external factors and more specifically, the national macro-economic indicators in the countries in which the handquestors of the parent companies are found.

  19. 78 FR 45987 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe... Search.'' For problems with ADAMS, please contact the NRC's Public Document Room (PDR) reference staff...

  20. 78 FR 45989 - Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... COMMISSION Vogtle Electric Generating Station, Units 3 and 4; Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Change to... COLs were issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., and Georgia Power Company, Oglethorpe..., select ``ADAMS Public Documents'' and then select ``Begin Web-based ADAMS Search.'' For problems...

  1. Office of Inspector General audit report on Westinghouse Savannah River Company`s withdrawal of fees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    As the operator of the Department`s Savannah River Site, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (Westinghouse) receives three types of fees: (1) award fees commensurate with the overall performance rating, (2) Performance Based Incentive (PBI) fees for achieving measurable goals or defined tasks as specified in annual operating plans, and (3) Cost Reduction Incentive Program (CRIP) fees for making improvements in site operations that reduce total contract costs. The Department`s Contracting Officer notifies Westinghouse when fees are earned, and Westinghouse withdraws the authorized amounts from the Department`s letter-of-credit account. The audit objective was to determine whether Westinghouse withdrew the appropriate amount of fees from the letter-of-credit account in Fiscal Years (FY) 1997 an 1998.

  2. Electrically Driven General Systems for UAV’s

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    systems are discussed in this paper. First the Barracuda M-05 UAV Demonstrator and second the 270 VDC More Electric Aircraft project launched by the...German Federal Office of Defense Technology and Procurement (BWB). 3.1 Barracuda M-05 The Barracuda M-05 is a company founded unmanned...test flight. Figure 4 showed a picture of the first flight. Figure 4: Barracuda M-05 First Flight With respect to electrically driven

  3. 76 FR 11522 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... COMMISSION South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority... Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service... not have access to ADAMS, or who encounter problems in accessing the documents located in...

  4. 78 FR 68834 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Initiation of Proceeding and Refund Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... Refund Effective Date On September 24, 2013, the Commission issued an order that initiated a proceeding... Electric Company. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 144 FERC ] 61,277 (2013). The refund effective date in Docket No. EL13-90-000, established pursuant to section 206(b) of the FPA, will be the date...

  5. 76 FR 76153 - Allco Renewable Energy Limited v. Massachusetts Electric Company d/b/a National Grid; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Allco Renewable Energy Limited v. Massachusetts Electric Company d/b/a... Renewable Energy Limited filed a formal complaint against Massachusetts Electric Company (National...

  6. Investment Cost Model in Business Process Intelligence in Banking and Electricity Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arta Moro Sundjaja

    2016-06-01

    organizations and some cost model to calculate the investment of BPI solutions. This paper shows the success in BPI application of banks and assurance companies in German and electricity work in Australia aims to give a vision about the importance of BPI application. Many challenges in BPI application of companies in German and Australia, BPI solution, and data warehouse design development have been discussed to add insight in future BPI development. And the last is an explanation about how to analyze cost associated with BPI solution investment.

  7. 75 FR 1622 - Decision To Evaluate a Petition To Designate a Class of Employees for the General Electric...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... evaluation, is as follows: Facility: General Electric Company. Location: Evendale, Ohio. Job Titles and/or... HUMAN SERVICES Decision To Evaluate a Petition To Designate a Class of Employees for the General...: Notice. SUMMARY: HHS gives notice as required by 42 CFR 83.12(e) of a decision to evaluate a petition to...

  8. Advice presented on behalf of the commission of finances, economy and plan about the law project (no. 1613) relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Avis presente au nom de la Commission des finances, de l'economie generale et du plan sur le projet de loi (no. 1613), relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carayon, B.

    2004-06-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the advice of the commission of finances and economy about the law project relative to the change of status of the power and gas public utilities in the framework of the deregulation of European energy markets. This law changes the juridical status of the two state monopolies Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. The first part of the document reports on the general discussions and comments made by the commission about the law project while the second part concerns the detailed analysis of the articles 16 and 22 about the pension funds of EdF and GdF agents and the change of the status of both utilities. The amendments adopted by the commission for these articles conclude the report. (J.S.)

  9. LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT IN THE GENERAL STRUCTURE OF COMPANY MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    SERGIU PETROVICI; ALA GUDIMA

    2011-01-01

    The paper is dedicated to the place of logistics management in the general structure of an enterprise. It states some rules to improve the logistic system through development of logistic management as integral system and through a complex approach, development of a market-orientated logistic management with clear short-term and long-term purposes, development of information system in logistics. The course of Logistics Management is taught at the Cooperative-Commercial University of Moldova at...

  10. Analysis of Financial Ratio to Distinguish Indonesia Joint Venture General Insurance Company Performance using Discriminant Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subiakto Soekarno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Insurance industry stands as a service business that plays a significant role in Indonesiaeconomical condition. The development of insurance industry in Indonesia, both of generalinsurance and life insurance, has increased very fast. The general insurance industry itselfdivided into two major players which are local private company and Joint Venture Company.Lately, the use of statistical techniques and financial ratios models to asses financial institutionsuch as insurance company have been used as one of the appropriate combination inpredicting the performance of an industry. This research aims to distinguish between JointVenture General Insurance Companies that have a good performance and those who are lessperforming well using Discriminant Analysis. Further, the findings led that DiscriminantAnalysis is able to distinguish Joint Venture General Insurance Companies that have a goodperformance and those who are not performing well. There are also six ratios which are RBC,Technical Reserve to Investment Ratio, Debt Ratio, Return on Equity, Loss Ratio, and ExpenseRatio that stand as the most influential ratios to distinguish the performance of joint venturegeneral insurance companies. In addition, the result suggest business people to be concernedtoward those six ratios, to increase their companies’ performance.Key words: general insurance, financial ratio, discriminant analysis

  11. Analysis of Financial Ratio to Distinguish Indonesia Joint Venture General Insurance Company Performance using Discriminant Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subiakto Soekarno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Insurance industry stands as a service business that plays a significant role in Indonesiaeconomical condition. The development of insurance industry in Indonesia, both of generalinsurance and life insurance, has increased very fast. The general insurance industry itselfdivided into two major players which are local private company and Joint Venture Company.Lately, the use of statistical techniques and financial ratios models to asses financial institutionsuch as insurance company have been used as one of the appropriate combination inpredicting the performance of an industry. This research aims to distinguish between JointVenture General Insurance Companies that have a good performance and those who are lessperforming well using Discriminant Analysis. Further, the findings led that DiscriminantAnalysis is able to distinguish Joint Venture General Insurance Companies that have a goodperformance and those who are not performing well. There are also six ratios which are RBC,Technical Reserve to Investment Ratio, Debt Ratio, Return on Equity, Loss Ratio, and ExpenseRatio that stand as the most influential ratios to distinguish the performance of joint venturegeneral insurance companies. In addition, the result suggest business people to be concernedtoward those six ratios, to increase their companies’ performance.Key words: general insurance, financial ratio, discriminant analysis

  12. Assessment and Improving Methods of Reliability Indices in Bakhtar Regional Electricity Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Shahrezaei

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Reliability of a system is the ability of a system to do prospected duties in future and the probability of desirable operation for doing predetermined duties. Power system elements failures data are the main data of reliability assessment in the network. Determining antiseptic parameters is the goal of reliability assessment by using system history data. These parameters help to recognize week points of the system. In other words, the goal of reliability assessment is operation improving and decreasing of the failures and power outages. This paper is developed to assess reliability indices of Bakhtar Regional Electricity Company up to 1393 and the improving methods and their effects on the reliability indices in this network. DIgSILENT Power Factory software is employed for simulation. Simulation results show the positive effect of improving methods in reliability indices of Bakhtar Regional Electricity Company.

  13. 75 FR 26791 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Mansfield Metal Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ..., American Food and Vending, Comprehensive Logistics Company Inc., Development Dimensions International, Hewlett Packard, Ideal Setech Llc, Interim Health Care, Key Office Services, Knight Facilities Management... Group International, Waste Management Of Texas Inc., Aramark-Uniform Service, Cjbf, Llc,...

  14. Edificio de la oficina general para la Upjohn Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skidmore, Owings & Merril, Arquitectos

    1964-09-01

    Full Text Available The architects, on realizing the vast possibilities of the site, decided to make use of the landscape as an integral part of the project, and sought to establish an intimate visual relationship between the exterior and interior, thus helping to make the work of the occupants of the building more pleasant. The resulting project has large glazed areas and is two storeys high. On the ground floor, besides general services and a garage, there is a hall, a cafeteria, a lounge, and a square patio that is highly landscaped. The second floor includes offices, board room, living quarters for the staff, dining hall, kitchen, dressing rooms and no less than seven patios, also much integrated with the outer environment. The roof is of a special metallic design, whose square pyramidal patterns are visible from the inside. These units are prefabricated. After careful planning, it was possible to eliminate the glare from the light, whilst achieving a good illumination level that has proved fully adequate to meet the functional requirements of the building and emphasize the shape and texture of things.Los arquitectos, al observar las grandes posibilidades que ofrecía el terreno en el que iba a ser erigida la construcción, decidieron utilizar el paisaje como parte integrante del edificio, estableciendo así un íntimo contacto visual entre el interior y el exterior que contribuyera a hacer más agradable el trabajo de sus ocupantes. Surgió así un edificio de grandes superficies acristaladas, con dos plantas de al tura; en la inferior, además de los servicios (instalaciones, garaje, etc., hay una zona pública —con cafetería, sala de estar, salón de recepción, etc. —organizada alrededor de un patio de planta cuadrada, proyectado bajo un punto de vista paisajista. En esta planta superior se distribuyen las oficinas, despachos, sala de juntas, dependencias para los empleados, cocina, comedor, vestuarios, aseos, etc., y siete patios tratados, asimismo

  15. 77 FR 25762 - In the Matter of Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc., Vogtle Electric Generating Plant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... The NRC has issued a general license to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc. (SNC), authorizing... part 72. This Order is being issued to SNC because it has identified near-term plans to store spent... accommodate the specific circumstances existing at SNC's facility, to achieve the intended objectives...

  16. Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station Unit Number 1. Annual report, January--December, 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-08-01

    This report satisfies the requirements of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-91MC27363, novated as of March 5, 1992, to provide an annual update report on the year`s activities associated with Tampa Electric Company`s 250 MW IGCC demonstration project for the year 1993. Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project will use a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,000 tons per day of coal (dry basis) coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Approximately 50% of the raw, hot syngas is cooled to 900 F and passed through a moving bed of zinc-based sorbent which removes sulfur containing compounds from the syngas. The remaining portion of the raw, hot syngas is cooled to 400 F for conventional acid gas removal. Sulfur-bearing compounds from both cleanup systems are sent to a conventional sulfuric acid plant to produce a marketable, high-purity sulfuric acid by-product. The cleaned medium-BTU syngas from these processes is routed to the combined cycle power generation system where it is mixed with air and burned in the combustion section of the combustion turbine. Heat is extracted from the expanded exhaust gases in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) to produce steam at three pressure levels for use throughout the integrated process. A highly modular, microprocessor-based distributed control system (DCS) is being developed to provide continuous and sequential control for most of the equipment on PPS-1.

  17. 76 FR 73733 - Union Electric Company; Callaway Plant, Unit 1; Notice of Consideration of Issuance of Amendment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... COMMISSION Union Electric Company; Callaway Plant, Unit 1; Notice of Consideration of Issuance of Amendment to Facility Operating License, Proposed No Significant Hazards Consideration Determination, and... involves no significant hazards consideration. Under the Commission's regulations in Title 10 of the...

  18. Environmental Disclosure of Electric Power Companies Listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clésia Ana Gubiani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to verify the level of disclosure of environmental information in the administration reports of the energy companies listed in the Corporate Sustainability Index (CSI. A descriptive and quantitative research was done, using the content analysis technique on the administration reports from 2006 to 2008. The sample consisted of 11 electric power companies listed in the CSI. For quantitative analysis of the disclosure index, the data collection instrument was based on the study of Rover, Murcia and Borba (2008, which proposes eight environmental categories and 36 subcategories. For the whole analysis of the data were elaborated networks of the items disclosed in each company, using the software UNICET ®. The survey results showed that there is satisfactory disclosure in the categories of environmental policies and education, training and research environment. However, it was found that there is need for greater disclosure of categories of products impacts and processes in the environment, power polices and financial environmental information. It was concluded that the information disclosed in the administration reports of the companies surveyed about the environmental information do not respect the principle of full disclosure.

  19. Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program; Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Application Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comassar, S.

    1962-04-30

    This volume is one of twenty-one summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This portion describes the studies of advanced applications of nuclear reactors that were performed, including various types of aircraft, missiles, space vehicles, ships, and portable power plants.

  20. Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program; Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Application Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Comassar, S.

    1962-04-30

    This volume is one of twenty-one summarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This portion describes the studies of advanced applications of nuclear reactors that were performed, including various types of aircraft, missiles, space vehicles, ships, and portable power plants.

  1. General Electric : Immelt surve all / Jena McGregor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McGregor, Jena

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtte General Electric juht Jeffrey R. Immelt võitleb selle nimel, et taastada usaldus firma vastu, kuna laenukriis ja kehvad aktsiahinnad on tekitanud olukorra, kus investorid avaldavad suurt survet ettevõtte juhile. Lisa: GE kindralid

  2. General Electric tõrjus Microsofti liidrikohalt / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    General Electric võttis Microsofti ees liidrikoha maailma suurima turuväärtusega ettevõtte edetabelis FT500. Tabelid: Maailma suurima turukapitalisatsiooniga ettevõtete TOP25, Skandinaavia firmade turuväärtuse TOP10

  3. General Electric tõrjus Microsofti liidrikohalt / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    General Electric võttis Microsofti ees liidrikoha maailma suurima turuväärtusega ettevõtte edetabelis FT500. Tabelid: Maailma suurima turukapitalisatsiooniga ettevõtete TOP25, Skandinaavia firmade turuväärtuse TOP10

  4. General Electric : Immelt surve all / Jena McGregor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McGregor, Jena

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõtte General Electric juht Jeffrey R. Immelt võitleb selle nimel, et taastada usaldus firma vastu, kuna laenukriis ja kehvad aktsiahinnad on tekitanud olukorra, kus investorid avaldavad suurt survet ettevõtte juhile. Lisa: GE kindralid

  5. USING THE GENERAL ELECTRIC / MCKINSEY MATRIX IN THE PROCESS OF SELECTING THE CENTRAL AND EAST EUROPEAN MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Răzvan Decuseară

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to limited resources a company cannot serve all potential markets in the world in a manner that all the clients to be satisfied and the business goals achieved, which is why the company should select the most appropriate markets. It can focus on a single product market serving many geographic areas, but may also decide to serve different product markets in a group of selected geographic areas. Due to the large number and diversity of markets that can choose, analyze of the market attractiveness and the selection the most interesting is a complex process. General Electric Matrix/McKinsey has two dimensions, market attractiveness and the competitive strength of the firm, and aims to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the company in a variety of areas, allowing the company to identify the most attractive markets and to guide managers in allocating resources to these markets, improve the weaker competitive position of the company in emerging markets, or to draw firm unattractive markets. We can say that it is a very efficient tool for the company being used by international market specialists, on one hand to select foreign markets for the company, and on the other hand, to determine the strategy that the firm will be using to internationalize on those markets. At the end of this paper we present a part of a larger study in which we showed how General Electric Matrix/McKinsey it is used specifically in select foreign markets.

  6. Plan 2000. The electricity companies plan for electricity conservation in the millennium; Plan 2000. Elselskabernes plan for elbesparelser i det nye aartusinde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    Plan 2000 presents an account of the activities in the years 1997 and 1998 and a budget for the year 2000 and forwards. The report includes all 82 electricity companies in Denmark. Furthermore a number of particular analyses of relevance to electricity conservation are presented. All electricity companies work to promote electricity conservation. All consumption sizes and sections are covered. The activities in the individual companies are supported by a number of common campaigns. In Plan 2000 those activities are presented and the economics is analysed. The activities in the first year of the plan are expected to result in conservation corresponding 4% of the present electricity consumption. 80% of the conservation comes from activities, which are measurable. Technical counselling of trade customers is one of the essential activities. Others are e.g. telephone counselling, theme arrangements and teaching of pupils. (EHS)

  7. 75 FR 11937 - General Motors Company, Lordstown Stamping Plant, Warren, OH; Notice of Termination of Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Lordstown Stamping Plant, Warren, OH; Notice of Termination of Investigation Pursuant to Section 221 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, an investigation was initiated on September 28, 2009 in...

  8. 17 CFR 270.2a19-2 - Investment company general partners not deemed interested persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or reduction is likely to cause the company to lose its partnership tax classification. This... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment company general... SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 §...

  9. On Core Competence and Strategic Diversified Development:an Empirical Analysis of General Electric Company%核心能力与战略多元化发展--基于通用电气公司的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨朝辉

    2015-01-01

    不同于在技术和市场两方面关联度极低或全无关联的多角化发展,战略多元化是指创新型企业基于长期发展的核心技术和市场能力与经验,在技术或市场上,抑或在技术和市场两个领域都拥有极强关联性的多元化创新发展。多角化发展除金融性投机行为以外,在长期运营中不仅不能有效利用企业已有的技术和市场资源及能力优势,而且会为企业增加不必要的学习成本及能力与经验习得成本,而战略多元化则可以发挥和发掘企业的核心优势,进一步增强企业的核心竞争力。通用电气公司是战略化发展的典型,通过分析其在20世纪50年代分权化改革时建立的多个分部和下属事业部的业务运营,可以从历史发展的纵向角度,以历史资料为实证研究基础,清晰展现其战略多元化的发展状况。%Unlike the diversified development with low or no correlation between technology and market,strategic diversification refers to innovative diversified development with high correlation between technology and market,based on long-term development of the core technology and mar-keting competence and experience in technology or/and market.Except for financial speculation, diversified development not only fails to make effective use of the technological advantages and marketing resources gained in development of an enterprise,but also increases unnecessary costs of learning,and ability and experience acquisition.However,diversified strategy can help to dis-cover and take advantage of the core strengths of an enterprise,thus enhancing its competitive-ness.General Electric Company is a good example of strategic development,and an analysis of the decentralization reform in the 1 950s,when it established many subordinate divisions,can demonstrate its development of strategic diversified development.

  10. Generalized sensitivity evaluation of electrical power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grewal, H.K.

    1987-01-01

    The material presented in this thesis is a logical extension of and addition to previous work on network sensitivities as applied to power-system analysis and planning. The continuing tendency of supplementing the existing extra-high voltage a.c. transmission systems with high-voltage d.c. (HVDC) lines was taken into consideration, and various relevant component models were investigated using a new hybrid network formulation based on the methodology developed by Bandler and El-Kady. The load buses, frequently modeled as PQ buses at which both the real and reactive injected powers are known, and the generator buses characterized by a constant voltage magnitude and constant real injected power, have been dealt with by exploiting a special complex conjugate notation. In addition, the current, voltage and/or power relationships associated with the transmission network branches were investigated. A hybrid formulation for generalized power system component models were developed. This novel formulation not only encompasses the work established on the basis of one-port theory, but it is also capable of manipulating multiport, nonreciprocal, a.c. as well as integrated a.c.-d.c. bulk transmission networks.

  11. Investment Cost Model in Business Process Intelligence in Banking And Electricity Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arta Moro Sundjaja

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Higher demand from the top management in measuring business process performance causes the incremental implementation of BPM and BI in the enterprise. The problem faced by top managements is how to integrate their data from all system used to support the business and process the data become information that able to support the decision-making processes. Our literature review elaborates several implementations of BPI on companies in Australia and Germany, challenges faced by organizations in developing BPI solution in their organizations and some cost model to calculate the investment of BPI solutions. This paper shows the success in BPI application of banks and assurance companies in German and electricity work in Australia aims to give a vision about the importance of BPI application. Many challenges in BPI application of companies in German and Australia, BPI solution, and data warehouse design development have been discussed to add insight in future BPI development. And the last is an explanation about how to analyze cost associated with BPI solution investment.

  12. [Tampa Electric Company IGCC project]. 1996 DOE annual technical report, January--December 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project uses a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,000 tons per day of coal to syngas. The gasification plant is coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Coal is slurried in water, combined with 95% pure oxygen from an air separation unit, and sent to the gasifier to produce a high temperature, high pressure, medium-Btu syngas with a heat content of about 250 BTUs/cf (HHV). The syngas then flows through a high temperature heat recovery unit which cools the syngas prior to its entering the cleanup systems. Molten coal ash flows from the bottom of the high temperature heat recovery unit into a water-filled quench chamber where it solidifies into a marketable slag by-product. Approximately 10% of the raw, hot syngas at 900 F is designed to pass through an intermittently moving bed of metal-oxide sorbent which removes sulfur-bearing compounds from the syngas. PPS-1 will be the first unit in the world to demonstrate this advanced metal oxide hot gas desulfurization technology on a commercial unit. The emphasis during 1996 centered around start-up activities.

  13. [Tampa Electric Company IGCC project]. 1996 DOE annual technical report, January--December 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project uses a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,000 tons per day of coal to syngas. The gasification plant is coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Coal is slurried in water, combined with 95% pure oxygen from an air separation unit, and sent to the gasifier to produce a high temperature, high pressure, medium-Btu syngas with a heat content of about 250 BTUs/cf (HHV). The syngas then flows through a high temperature heat recovery unit which cools the syngas prior to its entering the cleanup systems. Molten coal ash flows from the bottom of the high temperature heat recovery unit into a water-filled quench chamber where it solidifies into a marketable slag by-product. Approximately 10% of the raw, hot syngas at 900 F is designed to pass through an intermittently moving bed of metal-oxide sorbent which removes sulfur-bearing compounds from the syngas. PPS-1 will be the first unit in the world to demonstrate this advanced metal oxide hot gas desulfurization technology on a commercial unit. The emphasis during 1996 centered around start-up activities.

  14. The Stickiness of Selling, General, and Administrative Costs in the Indonesian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Armanto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Selling, general and administration costs are the main components in the Income Statement. A large number of permanent staff in sales and marketing department will make the company dominated by the fixed costs. This fact could lead to sticky cost behavior. In addition, role of the manager can also cause the cost stickiness. When the company’s revenue decreases, manager may delay to decrease the cost or not even decrease cost at all. The objective of the study is to determine whether cost stickiness of selling, general and administrative in the Indonesian listed companies. This study applied log-linear data panel regression with 3605 firm years that is listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange (BEI from 1993 – 2013. This study finds that selling, general, and administrative costs are sticky only for the manufacturing companies. Furthermore, the results show that adjustment of sales, general, and administrative costs delayed by the manager when revenue decreases, yet the cost stickiness will be reduced in the next period.

  15. 76 FR 179 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Securitas, Knight..., formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant, Ypsilanti, Michigan. The... known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant. The Department has determined...

  16. POSSIBILITIES OF APPLYING THE DEA METHOD IN THE ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF COMPANIES IN THE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY: REVIEW OF WIND ENERGY COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Maradin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the fundamental tasks of modern power system is finding ways to produce stable and continuous electricity from scarce energy resources. One of the possible solutions is introduction, implementation and improvement of alternative forms of energy such as renewable energy sources, particularly wind energy as an increasingly important energy source which is expected to further increase its share in total electricity production. Numerous methods can be used in assessing the efficiency of wind energy companies, and in the focus of this research is the Data Envelopment Analysis method (DEA, a widely accepted methodology given its interdisciplinary approach and flexibility. This method represents a step forward in the field of renewable energy management, because it provides the possibility to compare the selected companies with the best in the industry (the most efficient and the possibility of determining sources of inefficiency and, consequently, the possibilities of their elimination.

  17. High SO{sub 2} removal efficiency testing: Results of DBA and sodium formate additive tests at Southwestern Electric Power company`s Pirkey Station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-30

    Tests were conducted at Southwestern Electric Power Company`s (SWEPCo) Henry W. Pirkey Station wet limestone flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system to evaluate options for achieving high sulfur dioxide removal efficiency. The Pirkey FGD system includes four absorber modules, each with dual slurry recirculation loops and with a perforated plate tray in the upper loop. The options tested involved the use of dibasic acid (DBA) or sodium formate as a performance additive. The effectiveness of other potential options was simulated with the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI) FGD PRocess Integration and Simulation Model (FGDPRISM) after it was calibrated to the system. An economic analysis was done to determine the cost effectiveness of the high-efficiency options. Results are-summarized below.

  18. General induction at companies - between an administrative process and a sociological phenomenon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor L. Bermúdez Restrepo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available From the example of the process of general induction into the organization and using certain sociological resources, shows paradox are specialists in human management: is to carefor the motivation and the welfare of workers to achieve its high performance, their fidelity and his tenure at the company; However, current mutations of the social architecture in general and of work in particular –as structure of organized action– force thinking that organizational loyalty tends to be increasingly unlikely and that, conversely, the current personnel administration processes appear made inappropriate notions and appear to contribute directly to the adversities of human beings in organizational settings.

  19. Sequential time-step generation companies decisions in oligopolistic electricity market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez-Alcaraz, Guillermo [Programa de Graduados e Investigacion en Ingenieria Electrica, Departamento de Ingenieria Electrica y Electronica del Instituto Tecnologico de Morelia, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

    2008-05-15

    This paper studies the production decisions of generation companies (GENCOs) which are fully engaged in oligopolistic electricity markets. The model presented is based upon the static equilibrium model solved sequentially in time. By decomposing the problem in time, each time-step is solved independently using a Cournot-like market model. The time dimension is divided into discrete, 1-h time-steps. The model also incorporates the effects of technical and temporal constraints such as time on/off and ramp up/down. Since GENCOs tend toward repetitive decision-making, they can more easily learn from the market. The concept of forward expectations and the lessons derived from the market are introduced, and several numerical examples are provided. (author)

  20. Electricity companies and customer management processes; Kundenprozesse von Energieversorgern. Quelle zur Differenzierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knechtel, K. [Process Management Consulting GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2001-08-27

    Electricity companies have to adapt to the new market conditions resulting from the liberalisation and globalisation of the energy market. As customers now require specific services according to their individual needs, customer management processes must be particularly effective. The author describes the installation of customer management processes and discusses, in particular, the advantages of software-based process management. (orig.) [German] Die Liberalisierung des Strommarktes und die wirtschaftliche Globalisierung erfordern von Energieversorgungsunternehmen einen strukturellen Wandel. Sie muessen staerker als zuvor auf individuelle Beduerfnisse der Kunden eingehen und zusaetzliche Serviceleistungen anbieten. Das verlangt effektive Geschaeftsprozesse. Der Verfasser beschreibt, wie ein Unternehmen bei der Installation von Kundenmanagement-Prozessen vorgehen sollte. Er erlaeutert, welche Vorteile vor allem IT-gestuetztes Prozessmanagement bietet. (orig.)

  1. AN EXCEPTIONAL PUBLIC COMPANY WITHIN A SOCIAL DEMOCRACY IN CRISIS: THE COSTA RICAN INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Chavez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis of the economic policy of energy in Costa Rica and of the exceptional role which the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE – the company responsible for the provision of energy and telecommunications – has historically held in shaping the national identity. The basic assumption is that the institutional profile of the ICE, as well as its evolution and impact on development have been shaped by very specific political, social and economic conditions which are difficult to replicate in other developing countries in the South. It is specifically argued that, since its foundation in 1949, ICE has become one of the cornerstones of a peculiar kind of welfare state and of a solidarity model for development which is listed among the most advanced in the world in terms of social progress.

  2. Wetlands mitigation: Partnership between an electric power company and a federal wildlife refuge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Matthew C.; Sibrel, Cynthia B.; Gough, Gregory A.

    1996-11-01

    Nine hectares (23 acres) of a degraded section of Patuxent Research Refuge in Laurel, Maryland, USA, were converted to wetland habitat by the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company in 1994. The wetlands were created as mitigation for 5.7 ha (14 acres) of wetlands that were impacted as part of the construction of an 8.5-km (5.3-mile) 500-kV overhead transmission line on the refuge. The area consists of a created forested wetland of 5.5 ha (13.5 acres), a seasonally inundated green-tree reservoir of 7.6 ha (6.5 acres), and an impounded pond wetland of 1.2 ha (3 acres). Construction included the planting of 6131 trees, 4276 shrubs, and 15,102 emergent plants. Part of the site has been studied intensively since completion and survival of trees and shrubs after two years was 88%. Measurements of these transplants have shown growth greater than on other created sites in Maryland. Grasses and other herbaceous vegetation were dominant plants in the meter-square plots in the first two years of sampling of the created forested wetland. Wildlife surveys for birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles have revealed diverse communities. Although these communities represent species consistent with open habitat, more typical forest species should colonize the area as it undergoes succession into a more mature forested wetland. The creation, management, and research of this mitigation site represents an excellent example of a partnership between a private electric power company and a federal wildlife refuge. This partnership has increased local biodiversity and improved regional water quality of the Patuxent River and the Chesapeake Bay.

  3. Comprehensive Technical Report, General Electric Direct-Air-Cycle Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program, Program Summary and References

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thornton, G.; Rothstein, A.J.

    1962-06-28

    This is one of twenty-one volumes sumarizing the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Program of the General Electric Company. This volume discusses the background to the General Electric program, and summarizes the various direct-air-cycle nuclear test assemblies and power plants that were developed. Because of the requirements of high performance, low weight, and small size, vast improvements in existing technology were required to meet the flight objectives. The technological progress achieved during the program is also summarized. The last appendix contains a compilation of the abstracts, tables of contents, and reference lists of the other twenty volumes.

  4. Social and Environmental Disclosure: An Analysis of Social Balance of Electricity Sector Companies in the South and Northeast Regions of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tchiara Aparecida Maçambanni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the social responsibility indicators of the Instituto Brasileiro de Análises Sociais e Econômicas (IBASE model, this paper identifies the social and environmental disclosure level of electricity distribution companies in Brazilian market. The method chosen was the descriptive research to obtain results in a qualitative approach for the problem. The technical procedure used was documentary research. Data was collected over the social balance sheet released by several companies’ websites between 2009 and 2010. In the Northeast region, the companies Companhia de Eletricidade do Estado da Bahia (COELBA, Companhia Energética de Pernambuco (CELPE and Companhia Energética do Rio Grande do Norte (COSERN had the highest levels of social disclosure. COELBA, for example, obtained the maximum score according to the score methodology proposed by the paper. Coming from the South area, the best ranked was Companhia Paranaense de Energia (COPEL, from Paraná state, which disclosed 99% of the information analyzed in this study. Average level of disclosure of companies by region remained practically stable between the years 2009 and 2010. In general, companies located in the Northeast region evidenced a higher percentage of social and environmental information compared to companies of South region.

  5. 47 CFR 36.311 - Network Support/General Support Expenses-Accounts 6110 and 6120 (Class B Telephone Companies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., 6122, 6123, and 6124 (Class A Telephone Companies). (a) Network Support Expenses are expenses... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Network Support/General Support Expenses-Accounts 6110 and 6120 (Class B Telephone Companies); Accounts 6112, 6113, 6114, 6121, 6122, 6123, and...

  6. 75 FR 75704 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of... Dr. Tianqing Cao, Senior Seismologist, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, has...

  7. 76 FR 13174 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... filed with the Commission and is available for public inspection. a. Type of Application: Subsequent License--Transmission Line Only. b. Project No: P-2479-011. c. Date Filed: February 22, 2011. d. Applicant: Pacific Gas and Electric Company. e. Name of Project: French Meadows Transmission Line Project....

  8. Results of the Study on the Role and Penetration of Sesame Street and the Electric Company in Ghetto Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

    The findings of a 1973 study covering the performance of Sesame Street and The Electric Company in ghetto communities are reported briefly. The steps taken to repeat the methodology of earlier Sesame Street studies are described. Data are given on: penetration of Sesame Street among preschool children in Bedford Stuyvesant, East Harlem, Chicago,…

  9. 75 FR 63167 - San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Into Markets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Into Markets Operated by the California Independent System Operator Corporation and the...

  10. Institutional Governance Framework for Determining Carbon-related Accounting Practices: An Exploratory Study of Electricity Generating Companies in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alrazi, B.; Mat Husin, N.

    2016-03-01

    Electricity industry is the major contributor of the global carbon emissions which has been scientifically identified as the main cause of climate change. With the various initiatives being implemented at the international, national, and industry levels, companies in the electricity industry are currently facing immense pressure from various stakeholders to demonstrate their policies, initiatives, targets, and performance on climate change. Against this background, accounting system is argued to be able to be play important roles in combating climate change. Using institutional governance as the underlying framework, we have identified several governance mechanisms as the determining factors for companies to have a systematic accounting system related to carbon emissions. The factors include environmental management system certification, environmental organization, publication of stand-alone sustainability reports, the use of GRI guidelines, environmental strategic planning, governance quality, and participation in CDP surveys and emissions trading scheme. We explored this issue in the context of major electricity generating companies in Malaysia and found that except for certified environmental management system, the other governance mechanisms are still lacking. The findings suggest that companies in Malaysia, in particular, from the electricity industry are not well prepared in facing risks related to climate change.

  11. Relative Pricing of Publicly Traded U.S. Electric Utility Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewczyn, Nicholas Stephen

    In the financial turmoil of 2008, U.S. firms reported debt-ratios that differed from the debt-ratios calculated from balance sheets. The problem is that investors bought common stock expecting initial investment return and lost money when companies delisted. The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine sample securities pricing with the application of synthetic assets and debt accrued. Addressed in the research questions was whether those securities were (a) underpriced compared with return-on-assets (ROA), (b) overpriced compared with ROA, (c) a debt-ratio higher than 60% and also overpriced, (d) underpriced with a synthetic asset added, or (e) related by relative pricing to variant pricing and market capitalization. The study's base theory was Pan's efficient market hypothesis (EMH) of security price prediction of market prices versus model prices. The data from the financial statements of 16 publicly traded U.S. electric utility companies were analyzed via correlations and multiple regression analyses to determine securities pricing and suitability. The findings from the analyses of the sample's variables of market price, book value, market-to-book, and study constructed variables from those variable data were statistically significant. The alternate hypotheses were accepted for all 5 research questions since the analytical operationalization of the hypothetical constructs led to significant relationships. Results suggest that the use of more pricing determinants in securities evaluation may lead to investors losing less money and earning the expected returns for a more efficient capital market, leading to a stronger economy and macroeconomic stability.

  12. A general theory of phase noise in electrical oscillators

    OpenAIRE

    Hajimiri, Ali; Lee, Thomas H.

    1998-01-01

    A general model is introduced which is capable of making accurate, quantitative predictions about the phase noise of different types of electrical oscillators by acknowledging the true periodically time-varying nature of all oscillators. This new approach also elucidates several previously unknown design criteria for reducing close-in phase noise by identifying the mechanisms by which intrinsic device noise and external noise sources contribute to the total phase noise. In particular, it expl...

  13. 13 CFR 108.1830 - NMVC Company's Capital Impairment definition and general requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM NMVC Company's Noncompliance With Terms of Leverage Computation of Nmvc Company's Capital Impairment § 108.1830 NMVC Company's Capital Impairment definition and... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false NMVC Company's Capital...

  14. Electric Substations, This is a ESRI feature class of American Transmission Company's Rock County electrical sub station sites, Published in 2006, Rock County Planning, Economic, and Community Development Agency.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Substations dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'This is a ESRI feature class of American Transmission Company's Rock County electrical sub station...

  15. The Volatility of Market Risk In Groups of Viet Nam Listed Computer and Electrical Company Groups during the Financial Crisis 2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available During the financial crisis 2007-2009 with certain impacts on the Viet Nam economy and especially, the stock exchange, there is un-diversifiable risk that influences the whole computer and electrical industries. Hence, the risk re-estimation for the listed firms in these industries becomes necessary. First of all, by using quantitative and analytical methods to estimate asset and equity beta of four (4 groups of listed companies in Viet Nam electrical, software, hardware and telecommunication industries with a proper traditional estimating model, we found out that the beta values, in general, for most companies are acceptable, excluding just a few cases. There are 88% of listed firms with lower risk, among total 64 firms, whose beta values lower than ( 1and have stock returns moving more than the market benchmark. Ultimately, this paper generates some results that could provides both internal and external investors, financial institutions, companies and government more evidence in establishing their policies in investments and in governance.

  16. How efficient are African electricity companies? Evidence from the Southern African countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estache, Antonio [The World Bank, Washington, DC (United States); ECARES, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium); Tovar, Beatriz [Departamento de Analisis Economico Aplicado, Campus Universitario de Tafira, 35017, Modulo D, Despacho 2.20, Universidad de Las Palmas Gran Canaria (Spain); Trujillo, Lourdes [Departamento de Analisis Economico Aplicado, Universidad de Las Palmas Gran Canaria (Spain); Center for Competition and Regulation Policy, City University, London (United Kingdom)

    2008-06-15

    This paper is a first attempt at documenting efficiency levels in Africa's electricity firms, their evolution and the sources of this evolution. The analysis is based on a sample of 12 operators providing services in the 12 country members of the Southern Africa Power Pool. We focus on the changes in total factor productivity (TFP) of the largest operators in each country between 1998 and 2005. We then rely on a data envelopment analysis (DEA) decomposition to identify the sources of the changes in TFP. The results suggest fairly comparable levels of efficiency in the region and performance levels and evolution quite independent of the degree of vertical integration, the presence of a private actor or the main sources of energy supply. The analysis suggest that although the companies have not made significant improvements during the period of analysis in using their capital and human assets, they have done much better in adopting better technologies and better commercial practices. No clear correlation could be associated with the adoption of reforms during the last decade and data limitations impede a more refined assessment of the impact of reforms on efficiency at this stage. (author)

  17. Sleep problems in white-collar male workers in an electric equipment manufacturing company in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakata, A; Haratani, T; Kawakami, N; Miki, A; Kurabayashi, L; Shimizu, H

    2000-01-01

    In order to clarify poor sleep habits and prevalence in sleep problems (disturbances) of healthy male white-collar workers and the relationship of these to age and job type, a total of 1,161 Japanese employees of an electric equipment manufacturing company (aged 23 to 59, mean 37 years) were surveyed by means of a mailed questionnaire. The workers were asked about eleven sleep habits. They were also divided into four groups according to age and job type: 23-29 (n = 226), 30-39 (n = 597), 40-49 (n = 225) and 50-59 (n = 113); managerial (n = 209), professional (n = 336), technical (n = 475) and clerical (n = 134). In this study, the sleep problems were defined as who had at least one of the following four poor sleep habits: 1) taking more than 30 minutes to fall asleep, 2) awakening during sleep (ADS) almost every day, 3) early morning awakening (EMA) almost every day, and 4) excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) at work almost every day. Analyses showed that sleep problems were present in 26.0% of workers; the problems were most serious among workers aged 50 years and more (36.0%) which may be due to a significant increase in the prevalence rate of EMA. The results revealed that sleep problems are common in male white-collar daytime workers. The findings also suggest a need for increased attention to sleep problems in older workers and younger ones with EDS at work.

  18. Simulation of Hawaiian Electric Companies Feeder Operations with Advanced Inverters and Analysis of Annual Photovoltaic Energy Curtailment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giraldez Miner, Julieta I [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Nagarajan, Adarsh [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Gotseff, Peter [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Krishnan, Venkat K [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Hoke, Anderson F [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Ueda, Reid [Hawaiian Electric Company; Shindo, Jon [Hawaiian Electric Company; Asano, Marc [Hawaiian Electric Company; Ifuku, Earle [Hawaiian Electric Company

    2017-07-26

    The Hawaiian Electric Companies achieved a consolidated Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) of approximately 26% at the end of 2016. This significant RPS performance was achieved using various renewable energy sources - biomass, geothermal, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, hydro, wind, and biofuels - and customer-sited, grid-connected technologies (primarily private rooftop solar PV systems). The Hawaiian Electric Companies are preparing grid-modernization plans for the island grids. The plans outline specific near-term actions to accelerate the achievement of Hawai'i's 100% RPS by 2045. A key element of the Companies' grid-modernization strategy is to utilize new technologies - including storage and PV systems with grid-supportive inverters - that will help to more than triple the amount of private rooftop solar PV systems. The Hawaiian Electric Companies collaborated with the Smart Inverter Technical Working Group Hawai'i (SITWG) to partner with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to research the implementation of advanced inverter grid support functions (GSF). Together with the technical guidance from the Companies's planning engineers and stakeholder input from the SITWG members, NREL proposed a scope of work that explored different modes of voltage-regulation GSF to better understand the trade-offs of the grid benefits and curtailment impacts from the activation of selected advanced inverter grid support functions. The simulation results presented in this report examine the effectiveness in regulating voltage as well as the impact to the utility and the customers of various inverter-based grid support functions on two Hawaiian Electric distribution substations.

  19. Electric field gradient, generalized Sternheimer shieldings and electric field gradient polarizabilities by multiconfigurational SCF response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Antonio; Ruud, Kenneth; Helgaker, Trygve; Jaszuński, Michał

    1998-08-01

    The electric field gradient (EFG) at the nuclei, the generalized Sternheimer shielding constants and the EFG electric dipole polarizabilities are computed for eight small molecules employing multiconfigurational self-consistent field wave functions and the corresponding linear and quadratic response functions. The molecules studied are H2, N2, CO, HF, C2H2, HCl, HCN, and HNC, all of which are linear. For the hydrogen molecule, full configuration-interaction results for the properties are also reported. The dependence of the computed quantities on the basis set and the electron-correlation treatment is analyzed.

  20. 76 FR 70166 - Electrical Standards for Construction and General Industry; Extension of the Office of Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... installation and maintenance of electric utilization equipment that prevent death and serious injuries among... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Electrical Standards for Construction and General Industry... collection requirements contained in the Electrical Standards for Construction (29 CFR part 1926, Subpart...

  1. A three-stage short-term electric power planning procedure for a generation company in a liberalized market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nabona, Narcis; Pages, Adela [Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2007-06-15

    In liberalized electricity markets, generation companies bid their hourly generation in order to maximize their profit. The optimization of the generation bids over a short-term weekly period must take into account the action of the competing generation companies and the market-price formation rules and must be coordinated with long-term planning results. This paper presents a three stage optimization process with a data analysis and parameter calculation, a linearized unit commitment, and a nonlinear generation scheduling refinement. Although the procedure has been developed from the experience with the Spanish power market, with minor adaptations it is also applicable to any generation company participating in a competitive market system. (author)

  2. General Electric Reactor Protection System Unavailability, 1984-1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. D. Gentillon; D. Rasmuson (USNRC); H. Hamzehee; M. B. Calley; S. A. Eide; T. Wierman (INEEL)

    1999-08-01

    An analysis was performed of the safety-related performance of the reactor protection system (RPS) at U.S. General Electric commercial reactors during the period 1984 through 1995. RPS operational data were collected from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System and Licensee Event Reports. A risk-based analysis was performed on the data to estimate the observed unavailability of the RPS, based on a fault tree model of the system. Results were compared with existing unavailability estimates from Individual Plant Examinations and other reports.

  3. General Electric Reactor Protection System Unavailability, 1984--1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eide, Steven Arvid; Calley, Michael Brennan; Gentillon, Cynthia Ann; Wierman, Thomas Edward; Hamzehee, H.; Rasmuson, D.

    1999-08-01

    An analysis was performed of the safety-related performance of the reactor protection system (RPS) at U. S. General Electric commercial reactors during the period 1984 through 1995. RPS operational data were collected from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System and Licensee Event Reports. A risk-based analysis was performed on the data to estimate the observed unavailability of the RPS, based on a fault tree model of the system. Results were compared with existing unavailability estimates from Individual Plant Examinations and other reports.

  4. 78 FR 58571 - Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company, Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company, and The Yankee Atomic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... Atomic Power Company, Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company, and The Yankee Atomic Electric Company... Power Company (Maine Yankee), Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company (Connecticut Yankee), and the Yankee Atomic Electric Company (Yankee Atomic) (together, ``licensees'' or ``the Yankee Companies'')...

  5. BEST: A Learner-Centered Workplace Literacy Partnership of the Vermont Institute for Self-Reliance and General Electric Aircraft Engines Rutland, VT. Final Performance Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lashof, Judith R.

    The Vermont Institute for Self Reliance (VISR) conducted a Basic Educational Skills for Training (BEST) program, a national demonstration project in workplace literacy, from April 1990 to March 1992. BEST provided learner-centered, context-based literacy instruction onsite, on company time, at two General Electric (GE) Aircraft Engines Rutland…

  6. THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLECTING ECONOMIC AND OTHER GENERAL FACTORS’ INFLUENCE ON THE VALUE OF PUBLIC COMPANIES IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SLOBODAN POPOVIĆ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available To make the right decision in regard to the expression of the value of property, equipment or something else, first for appraiser it is necessary to examine the general economic and other factors that may affect the expression of the value of the company. Especially there is a need to pay attention to devote to the expression value of a public company, because the public companies manage property that stems in part by funds from the budget. This is especially important in the case of a country that aspires to become an EU member. The Republic of Serbia signed the first two chapters with the EU in December 2015. Chapter 32 imperatively requires that the Republic of Serbia begins important application of fair expression of value of the property of public enterprises, because it is a section that requires audit activities of the entire public users, and therefore the company.

  7. A generalized exponential time series regression model for electricity prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haldrup, Niels; Knapik, Oskar; Proietti, Tomasso

    We consider the issue of modeling and forecasting daily electricity spot prices on the Nord Pool Elspot power market. We propose a method that can handle seasonal and non-seasonal persistence by modelling the price series as a generalized exponential process. As the presence of spikes can distort...... the estimation of the dynamic structure of the series we consider an iterative estimation strategy which, conditional on a set of parameter estimates, clears the spikes using a data cleaning algorithm, and reestimates the parameters using the cleaned data so as to robustify the estimates. Conditional...... on the estimated model, the best linear predictor is constructed. Our modeling approach provides good fit within sample and outperforms competing benchmark predictors in terms of forecasting accuracy. We also find that building separate models for each hour of the day and averaging the forecasts is a better...

  8. Devolution of HRM Practices: Perspectives of Two Major Japanese Electrical and Electronics Companies in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Abang Ekhsan Abang Othman

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study examines the devolution of HRM functions, the rationale and problemsof such devolution to line management in the context of applications and processes in two major Japanesemultinational companies...

  9. 75 FR 3943 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc.; Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 1 and 2...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    .... NPF-68 and NPF-81, issued to Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc. (SNC, the licensee), for... contained in 10 CFR 73.55 by the March 31, 2010, implementation deadline. SNC has proposed an alternate...

  10. A Project Strategic Index proposal for portfolio selection in electrical company based on the Analytic Network Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith-Perera, Aida [Universidad Metropolitana de Caracas, Departamento de Gestion Tecnologica, Caracas 1071, Edo Miranda (Venezuela); Garcia-Melon, Monica; Poveda-Bautista, Rocio; Pastor-Ferrando, Juan-Pascual [Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Camino de vera s/n 46022 Valencia (Spain)

    2010-08-15

    In this paper a new approach to prioritize project portfolio in an efficient and reliable way is presented. It is based on strategic objectives of the company and multicriteria decision methods. The paper introduces a rigorous method with acceptable complexity which seeks to assist managers of a big Electrical Company of Venezuela to distribute the annual budget among the possible improvement actions to be conducted on the electrical network of Caracas. A total of 15 network improvement actions grouped into three clusters according to the strategic objectives of the company have been analyzed using the Project Strategic Index (PSI) proposed. The approach combines the use of the Analytic Network Process (ANP) method with the information obtained from the experts during the decision-making process. The ANP method allows the aggregation of the experts' judgments on each of the indicators used into one Project Strategic Index. In addition, ANP is based on utility ratio functions which are the most appropriate for the analysis of uncertain data, like experts' estimations. Finally, unlike the other multicriteria techniques, ANP allows the decision problem to be modelled using the relationships among dependent criteria. The participating experts coincided in the appreciation that the method proposed in this paper is useful and an improvement from traditional budget distribution techniques. They find the results obtained coherent, the process seems sufficiently rigorous and precise, and the use of resources is significantly less than in other methods. (author)

  11. The General Configuration of CEV1 Electric Vehicle's Electrical System and the Design of Its Control Sequence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The general configuration of CEV1 electric vehicle's electrical system and the design scheme of its control sequence are presented, which are modularized by using VMU as master control unit, PMU as power management unit, BMU as battery management unit. It is a rather advanced and practical general design scheme of electric vehicle, because the division of its module function is definite, which is advantage for research, manufacture and maintenance.

  12. 76 FR 11437 - Application To Export Electric Energy; Societe Generale Energy Corp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; Societe Generale Energy Corp. AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery.... (SGEC) has applied for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada pursuant... application from the SGEC for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada as...

  13. COMPETITIVE FACTORS IN ERP SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION: A CASE STUDY OF A COMPANY OF ELECTRIC GENERATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Luiz Prado

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The increasing globalization of markets and increased competitiveness has required the use of appropriate management information in decision-making of companies. The Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP is an integrated information system widely used by managers in their decision making processes. This exploratory case study, conducted in the company Stemac S/A, aims to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the ERP system and compares them the real needs of the company. Specifics objectives include: identifying what benefits generated with the use of ERP in business, your relationship with costs, list the improvements that have occurred or not in the stages of production and the effects on quality and productivity. The study results show that the benefits achieved were the significant improvement in plant operations and decision making, presenting with increased production index assertiveness products without rework on the production line, reducing the cost of inventories and improve the quality of products in the industry.

  14. 76 FR 16477 - General Reporting and Recordkeeping by Savings Associations and Savings and Loan Holding Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... infocollection.comments@ots.treas.gov . OTS will post comments and the related ] index on the OTS Internet Site... each savings and loan holding company), 12 CFR part 226 (Regulation Z, truth in lending), 12 CFR...

  15. Communications architecture for an electric company, European utility communications architecture, EURUCA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uuspaeae, P. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

    1998-08-01

    The scope of this research is integration and interoperability of various information systems and data communications for electric utilities. Utility Communication Architecture refers to an overall view of the communications needs and communication systems in an electric utility. The objective is to define and specify suitable and compatible communications procedures within the Utility and also to outside parties

  16. National Account Energy Alliance Final Report for the Basin Electric Project at Northern Border Pipeline Company's Compressor Station #7, North Dakota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sweetzer, Richard [Exergy Partners Corp.; Leslie, Neil [Gas Technology Institute

    2008-02-01

    A field research test and verification project was conducted at the recovered energy generation plant at Northern Border Pipeline Company Compressor Station #7 (CS#7) near St. Anthony. Recovered energy generation plant equipment was supplied and installed by ORMAT Technologies, Inc. Basin Electric is purchasing the electricity under a purchase power agreement with an ORMAT subsidiary, which owns and operates the plant.

  17. A generalization information management system applied to electrical distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisler, K.I.; Neumann, S.A.; Nielsen, T.D.; Bower, P.K. (Empros Systems International (US)); Hughes, B.A.

    1990-07-01

    This article presents a system solution approach that meets the requirements being imposed by industry trends and the electric utility customer. Specifically, the solution addresses electric distribution management systems. Electrical distribution management is a particularly well suited area of application because it involves a high diversity of tasks, which are currently supported by a proliferation of automated islands. Islands of automation which currently exist include (among others) distribution operations, load management, automated mapping, facility management, work order processing, and planning.

  18. Electric and Weak Electric Dipole Form Factors for Heavy Fermions in a General Two Higgs Doublet Model

    CERN Document Server

    Gómez-Dumm, D; Gomez-Dumm, Daniel

    1999-01-01

    The electric and weak electric dipole form factors for heavy fermions are calculated in the context of the most general two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). We find that the large top mass can produce a significant enhancement of the electric dipole form factor in the case of the b and c quarks. This effect can be used to distinguish between different 2HDM scenarios.

  19. Assessment method of business information infrastructure in electric utility company; Johoka infura kochiku koka no hyoka hoho no teian

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oya, T.; Takahashi, M. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-01

    Assessment method of introduction effect of business information infrastructure in electric utility company has been developed. It is significant for information system in electric utility company to construct business information infrastructure for the effective non-routine works and business innovation through information utilizing ability of employees concerning down sizing, information link with outside organizations, and systematization of business information outside the office. For the method newly developed, relationships between factors, such as attribute of users and conditions, and utilization of application were determine with regression analysis. It can be revealed what kind of factors contribute to what kind of utilization of application. Degree of business improvement effect by utilization of each application can be predicted with the regressive analysis. Factors which can be politically modified, promotion of utilization and improvement effect can be predicted. This method was applied to the questionnaire survey for users at the stage of partial introduction. As a result, improvement factors which remarkably contribute to utilization degree, and business improvement due to the promotion of utilization of applications were successfully predicted. 8 refs., 4 figs., 10 tabs.

  20. Low Temperature Noise and Electrical Characterization of the Company Heterojunction Field-Effect Transistor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Thomas J.; Gee, Russell C.; Fossum, Eric R.; Baier, Steven M.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the electrical properties of the complementary heterojunction field-effect transistor (CHFET) at 4K, including the gate leakage current, the subthreshold transconductance, and the input-referred noise voltage.

  1. Weight restrictions on geography variables in the DEA benchmarking model for Norwegian electricity distribution companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjoerndal, Endre; Bjoerndal, Mette; Camanho, Ana

    2008-07-01

    The DEA model for the distribution networks is designed to take into account the diverse operating conditions of the companies through so-called 'geography' variables. Our analyses show that companies with difficult operating conditions tend to be rewarded with relatively high efficiency scores, and this is the reason for introducing weight restrictions. We discuss the relative price restrictions suggested for geography and high voltage variables by NVE (2008), and we compare these to an alternative approach by which the total (virtual) weight of the geography variables is restricted. The main difference between the two approaches is that the former tends to affect more companies, but to a lesser extent, than the latter. We also discuss how to set the restriction limits. Since the virtual restrictions are at a more aggregated level than the relative ones, it may be easier to establish the limits with this approach. Finally, we discuss implementation issues, and give a short overview of available software. (Author). 18 refs., figs

  2. THE STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF THE POSSIBLE EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON AN ELECTRIC DISTRIBUTION COMPANY EMPLOYEES

    OpenAIRE

    Coşkun, Özlem; AKÇA, Begüm

    2016-01-01

    Transmission of electrical energy and that might affect the environment and people in order to use electromagnetic fields. Strong at 50-60 Hz fields has to live with for a long time in human, animal and plants as possible with the aim to determine the physiological and biological effects of both experimental and epidemiological studies. In this study running a working electricity distribution firm in male workers exposed to electromagnetic transformer-induced effect and determination of possi...

  3. 17 CFR 210.6-03 - Special rules of general application to registered investment companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or other governing legal instruments specifying certain accounting procedures inconsistent with those... assets maintained or required to be maintained, by applicable legal instruments, in respect of... therefor, and, in the case of shares sold by closed-end management investment companies, the difference, if...

  4. 76 FR 37153 - Indianapolis Metal Center, a Division of General Motors Company, Including Workers Whose Wages...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... Chemical Co., Securias Security Services US, Robinson Solutions, Watge Mangement, Inc., American Food and... Chemical Co., Securitas Security Services US, Robinson Solutions, Waste Management, Inc., American Food and... Company, Inc., Hewlett Packard, Ideal Setech, LLC, Quaker Chemical Co., Securitas Security Services...

  5. 18 CFR 367.9301 - Account 930.1, General advertising expenses for associated companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... following labor items: (1) Supervision. (2) Preparing advertising material for newspapers, periodicals... expenses items: (1) Advertising in newspapers, periodicals, billboards, radio, and other similar forms of... advertising expenses for associated companies. 367.9301 Section 367.9301 Conservation of Power and...

  6. Calculation of the electric field gradients, generalized Sternheimer shielding constants, and electric-field-gradient polarizabilities for ten small molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, David M.; Cybulski, sławomir M.

    1994-05-01

    Electric field gradients, generalized Sternheimer shielding constants, and electric-field-gradient polarizabilities are calculated for H2, N2, F2, HF, HCl, CO, HCN, HNC, H2O, and NH3. The calculations are performed at both the Hartree-Fock and second order Møller-Plesset levels of approximation using large basis sets. For most of these molecules this is the first time that the shielding constants and electric field gradient polarizabilities have been determined. Electron correlation is generally found to be a significant factor.

  7. Devolution of HRM Practices: Perspectives of Two Major Japanese Electrical and Electronics Companies in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abang Ekhsan Abang Othman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study examines the devolution of HRM functions, the rationale and problemsof such devolution to line management in the context of applications and processes in two major Japanesemultinational companies in Malaysia.Design/methodology/approach– - The research used mixed methodology via case studies and questionnairesurveys. Overall 29 questionnaires from two companies were analyzed, a response rate of 58 percent.In addition, the views of the Executive Director, Head of HR, and line managers were sought regardingtheir role, involvement and problems of devolvement to line managers.Findings -– Analysis of questionnaire responses and interviews shows that devolution of HRM functionsto the line managers was adopted by both organizations, though their approaches varied in terms ofprocess. The study revealed a high degree of devolution of responsibility to line managers for recruitmentand selection and training and development. The devolution of training and development functions specificallyto a separate department resulted in their increased effectiveness. Extensive participation and a closeworking relationship on HR-related issues between HR managers and line managers jointly contributed tothe effectiveness of the companies’ devolution of HRM functions.Practical implications - Devolution of HRM functions to line management is a growing trend internationally.However, despite the positive outcomes of devolution, the process is never unproblematic.Originality/value –- This study thus builds on the existing literature and also contributes to overcomingthe dearth of empirical research on devolution which has been predominantly Western in context.Furthermore, no study examining devolution of the HRM functions in Malaysia.

  8. Approach undertaken by our Company for leveling electric loads; Chubu Denryoku Kabushi Kaisha no fuka heijunka eno torikumi ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    Measures for leveling the electric loads relying upon two facets - tariff system and business activities - in Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc. are presented. Firstly, the existing pricing systems for midnight electric power and electric light according to the period of time for the household as well as those of seasonal and time zone electric power, modifiable contract with the time zone and so forth for large industry users, together with a similar contract for the owner of regenerating installation are outlined. In addition, a price reduction system is indicated in favor of a scheduled shutdown of large industry operations as a means of avoiding electric consumption during weekdays in summer and between 13h and 16h when large demands exist. Further, a selective contract system put in service in 1995 and the price reduction for ice regenerating air conditioning system are cited. As for business facet, 1995 is regarded as the first year of the ice regenerator for its generalization through exhibition and promotive campaign to the foods processing industry, and the application of the latent heat regenerative system to perishable foods is recommended. Moreover, installation of energy saving type automatic vending machine, so-called eco-vendor is encouraged for its merit of peak-cut and energy price lowering. Lastly, activities to extend the use of electric calorifiers and the regenerative floor heating are mentioned. 2 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Modelo geral das atividades da empresa General model of company activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Celso Contador

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O modelo evidencia que as atividades de qualquer tipo de empresa, inclusive a de serviços, podem ser organizadas em quatro grupos (produção, atendimento, apoio e planejamento e que essa organização é aplicável à empresa como um todo, a qualquer órgão (departamento, seção e a qualquer célula de trabalho, inclusive a constituída por apenas um funcionário. O modelo, por mergulhar, como nenhum outro, nas profundezas da empresa, complementa outros modelos (Tavistock, Katz & Kahn, Kast & Rosenzweig. A comparação com o modelo da Cadeia de Valores de Porter e as vantagens apontadas no texto permitem concluir que o modelo é bastante adequado para a proposição de mudanças na empresa que melhorem sua posição competitiva.The model shows that the activities of any type of company, including service companies, can be divided into four groups (production, service, support, planning and that such organization is applicable to the company as a whole, to any part of it (division, department and even to single employees. Since the model, as no other, covers nearly all sections of the company, it complements other ones (Tavistock, Katz & Kahn, Kast & Rosenzweig. The comparison with Porter’s Chain of Values and the advantages shown in the text, allow the conclusion that this model is perfectly adequate to the proposed changes in the company and to the improvement of its competitiveness.

  10. Do General Practices of Management Play Role as Drivers for Employee Job Satisfaction in Pakistani Entrepreneurial Companies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Nikolaevich Polbitsyn

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Using general practices of management is management philosophy; many organizations practice these tools that endeavor to improve their efficiency and competitiveness in the business markets. It is an integrated approach to reaching and maintaining high-quality production and services focusing on the maintenance and continuous improvement of operations in order to satisfy or exceed the customer satisfaction. Many researchers have done a lot of work on other management practices; total quality management is an important one of them in this competitive era, which has rarely studied especially in small and medium size entrepreneurial companies in Pakistan. This quantitative research study tried to determine the impact of Total Quality Management practices on job satisfaction level of the employees of those small and medium size companies based on new and creative ideas in the capital city. The conducted survey among 550 employees of small and medium size entrepreneurial companies in the capital of Pakistan got 200 employees response properly in filling out the questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed after applying software (version 20 Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Multiple regression was applied to test the proposed model, which was found satisfied. Leadership and top management support were founded the most dominant practice among the selected Total Quality Management practices which has a significant effect on employee job satisfaction. The findings of this study prove that the implementation of Total Quality Management practices can help in increasing employees’ job satisfaction which intern would increase Productivity of small and medium size entrepreneurial companies.

  11. Implementation of Supply Chain Management (SCM in pharmaceutical company, general principles and case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Nakov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Supply Chain Management (SCM in pharmaceutical industry is defined as a “responsible SCM” and its implementation is according to the principles of: business ethics, rights of labor and principles of healthy and safe working environment. Pharmaceutical companies with implemented “responsible SCM” have to use management systems to facilitate continuous improvement in accordance with their working principles. The main purpose of this management system is to ensure the consistency, reliability and continuous improvement of all workflows within an organization.The analyzed case describes the project of European generic pharmaceutical company, which intends to implement best practice SCM operations for five European manufacturing sites and European logistics organizations (active ingredients supply, distribution centers, affiliate customers and third party manufacturers. The main objectives of the project were the creation of the future improved To-Be situation through implementation of new SCM models to the existing To-Day situation.

  12. Customer relationship management for electricity companies; Customer Relationship Management in der Energieversorgung. Verbesserte Kundenbeziehungen durch Software-Loesungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knechtel, K. [Process Management Consulting GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2001-06-05

    Since the liberalisation of the German energy market in 1998 competition has increased considerably. Electricity companies have hardly any means to distinguish their services, however. One possibility of individualising their offers is Customer Relationship Management (CRM). The author describes the principles and types of CRM, shows how specific target groups may be defined by CRM and discusses the criteria for effective software-based CRM. (orig.) [German] Seit der Liberalisierung des deutschen Energiemarktes 1998 ist der Wettbewerb haerter geworden. Stromanbieter haben jedoch kaum die Chance, sich von ihren Konkurrenten zu differenzieren. Eine Moeglichkeit, ihr Angebot zu individualisieren, ist Customer Relationship Management (CRM). Der Verfasser beschreibt die Funktionsweise und die verschiedenen Arten des CRM. Er definiert CRM Zielgruppen und eroertert die Voraussetzungen fuer ein effektives Software-gestuetztes CRM. (orig.)

  13. The paradoxes of patenting at General Electric: Isador Ladoff's journey from Siberian exile to the heart of corporate capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, David Philip

    2011-12-01

    Isador Ladoff (1857-1918) worked briefly in the General Electric Company Research Laboratory, from 1901 to 1903. Since he was not employed to invent, Ladoff maintained that he, not the company, owned his invention of a new arc lamp electrode, eventually winning his case on appeal in 1911. The conduct and course of this patent litigation are examined in the light of Ladoff's remarkable life as a prisoner of the czar in Siberia before his escape to the United States in 1891 and as a socialist activist and writer thereafter. In showing that Ladoff's socialist principles activated his struggle with GE, the essay brings out the ironies of his defense of individualism against the incipient socialism of the laboratory supposedly espoused by officials of the company. The case is interesting in relation to the shift from the ideology, and the reality, of heroic individual invention to that of corporate invention in U.S. industrial research. That shift in turn was a crucial landmark in the longer history of the place of science in negotiation and contest about the relationship between creativity and intellectual property.

  14. 76 FR 64287 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company CF34-10E Series Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-18

    ... relative motion resulted from CVD support assemblies with improper sleeve thread lengths. This... Rulemaking Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety... & Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service. BILLING CODE 4910-13-P...

  15. 78 FR 45194 - General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... development work on a critical engine component--the accessory gearbox (``AGB'')--on the Pratt & Whitney..., designs and manufactures jet engines for commercial and military aircraft. GE sells narrow-body commercial... use the mechanical power of the rotating turbine shaft in a jet engine to power various...

  16. Fuel element development committee: Annual report from the General Electric Company, Hanford

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, M.; Minor, J.E.; Stringer, J.T.

    1964-08-14

    A summary of HAPO activities is given to include separate sections on the N-Reactor and other current production reactors. Specific programs and fuel performance for current production reactor fuels is discussed. Also, the production status, fuel performance, development program and process technology for N-Reactor fuels is presented.

  17. 77 FR 10950 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ...-channel central processing unit (CPU) faults in the ECU, and four reports of engine flameout ground events... caused by dual-channel central processing unit (CPU) faults in the electronic control unit (ECU); and (3... unit (ECU), which increases the engine's margin to flameout. This new AD requires the removal of the...

  18. General Electric Company proposed demonstration Projects Matrix, commercial buildings, National Solar Demonstration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-04-01

    The requirements for selecting commercial demonstrations are derived from the overall goal of the Federal program as stated in the ''National Program for Solar Heating and Cooling,'' ERDA 23-A, October 1975. This goal is to stimulate an industrial and commercial capability for producing and distributing solar heating and cooling (SHAC) systems. The development of the demonstration matrix consists of establishing selection criteria and developing a methodology for applying and evaluating these criteria. The output of this procedure results in a time phased matrix of location, SHAC systems, and building types which comprise the recommended National Solar Demonstration projects for commercial buildings. The Demonstration Matrix Definition is comprised of three principle elements: Demonstration identification; Specific Demonstration selection criteria; and Architect/Engineer (A/E) selection. (WDM)

  19. 77 FR 12444 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) Turbofan Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... specified date. Commenter Japan Airlines requested that the AD not apply to engines with a last shop visit... the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the... of the service information that is incorporated by reference at the National Archives and...

  20. Electric vehicles pick up speed as oil prices climb. [General Motors planning EVs in 1985

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowe, J.

    1980-02-01

    General Motors recently announced that in 1985, its Chevrolet division will begin manufacturing either two-passenger electric automobiles, or small electric vans, or both. Key features of the electric-vehicles will be a separately excited DC motor, regenerative braking, electronic controls, and coil-type suspension. Newly developed zinc-nickel batteries promise higher speeds (up to about 55 mph) and a longer cruising range (about 100 mi before needing a recharge and 30,000 mi before needing replacement). General Motors' commitment to the electric-vehicle market signals the beginning of a radical departure from a traditional petroleum-based economy. (1 diagram, 1 drawing, 2 photos)

  1. Optimal Bidding Strategies for Generation Companies in a Day-Ahead Electricity Market with Risk Management Taken into Account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azmi Saleh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In a competitive electricity market with limited number of producers, Generation Companies (Gencos is facing an oligopoly market rather than a perfect competition. Under oligopoly market environment, each Genco may increase its own profit through a favorable bidding strategy. The objective of a Genco is to maximize its profit and minimize the associated risk. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary and important for the Genco to make optimal bidding strategies with risk management before bidding into spot market to get an expected high profit, since spot prices are substantially volatile. This study propose a method to build optimal bidding strategies in a day-ahead electricity market with incomplete information and considering both risk management and unit commitment. Approach: The proposed methodology employs the Monte Carlo simulation for modeling a risk management and a strategic behavior of rival. A probability density function (pdf, Value at Risk (VaR and Monte Carlo simulation used to build optimal bidding strategies for a Genco. Results: The result of the proposed method shows that a Genco can build optimal bidding strategies to maximize expected total profit considering unit commitment and risk management. The Genco controls the risk by setting the confidence level. If the Genco increase the confidence level, the expected total VaR of profit decrease. Conclusions/Recommendations: The proposed method for building optimal bidding strategies in a day-ahead electricity market to maximize expected total profit considering unit commitment and risk management is helpful for a Genco to make a decision to submit bidding to the Independent System Operator (ISO.

  2. Opportunities to minimise animal use in pharmaceutical regulatory general toxicology: a cross-company review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparrow, Susan S; Robinson, Sally; Bolam, Sue; Bruce, Christopher; Danks, Andy; Everett, David; Fulcher, Stephen; Hill, Rose E; Palmer, Helen; Scott, Elspeth W; Chapman, Kathryn L

    2011-11-01

    Toxicity studies in animals are carried out to identify the intrinsic hazard of a substance to support risk assessment for humans. In order to identify opportunities to minimise animal use in regulatory toxicology studies, a review of current study designs was carried out. Pharmaceutical companies and contract research organisations in the UK shared data and experience of standard toxicology studies (ranging from one to nine months duration) in rodents and non-rodents; and carcinogenicity studies in the rat and mouse. The data show that variation in study designs was primarily due to (i) the number of animals used in the main study groups, (ii) the use of animals in toxicokinetic (TK) satellite groups, and (iii) the use of animals in off-treatment recovery groups. The information has been used to propose a series of experimental designs where small adjustments could reduce animal use in practice, while maintaining the scientific objectives.

  3. Outages of electric power supply resulting from cable failures Boston Edison Company system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-07-01

    Factual data are provided regarding 5 electric power supply interruptions that occurred in the Boston Metropolitan area during April to June, 1979. Common to all of these outages was the failure of an underground cable as the initiating event, followed by multiple equipment failures. There was significant variation in the voltage ratings and types of cables which failed. The investigation was unable to delineate a single specific Boston Edison design operating or maintenance practice that could be cited as the cause of the outages. After reviewing the investigative report the following actions were recommended: the development and implementation of a plan to eliminate the direct current cable network; develop a network outage restoration plan; regroup primary feeder cables wherever possible to minimize the number of circuits in manholes, and to separate feeders to high load density areas; develop a program to detect incipient cable faults; evaluate the separation of the north and south sections of Back Bay network into separate networks; and, as a minimum, install the necessary facilities to make it possible to re-energize one section without interfering with the other; and re-evaluate the cathodic protection scheme where necessary. (LCL)

  4. Halbach array motor/generators: A novel generalized electric machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merritt, B.T.; Post, R.F.; Dreifuerst, G.R.; Bender, D.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-02-01

    For many years Klaus Halbach has been investigating novel designs for permanent magnet arrays, using advanced analytical approaches and employing a keen insight into such systems. One of his motivations for this research was to find more efficient means for the utilization of permanent magnets for use in particle accelerators and in the control of particle beams. As a result of his pioneering work, high power free-electron laser systems, such as the ones built at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, became feasible, and his arrays have been incorporated into other particle-focusing systems of various types. This paper reports another, quite different, application of Klaus` work, in the design of high power, high efficiency, electric generators and motors. When tested, these motor/generator systems display some rather remarkable properties. Their success derives from the special properties which these arrays, which the authors choose to call {open_quotes}Halbach arrays,{close_quotes} possess.

  5. Tampa Electric Company, Polk Power Station Unit No. 1. Annual report, January--December 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1993-10-01

    As part of the Tampa Electric Polk Power Unit No. 1, a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown entrained-flow coal gasifier will convert approximately 2300 tons per day of coal (dry basis) into a medium-BTU fuel gas with a heat content of about 250 BTU/scf (LHV). Syngas produced in the gasifier flows through a high-temperature heat recovery unit which cools the gases prior to entering two parallel clean-up areas. A portion (up to 50%) of the hot syngas is cooled to 1000{degrees}F and passed through a moving bed of zinc titanate sorbent which removed sulfur containing components of the fuel gas. The project will be the first in the world to demonstrate this advanced metal oxide hot gas desulfurization technology at a commercial scale. The remaining portion of the syngas is cooled to 400{degrees}F for conventional acid gas removal. This portion of the plant is capable of processing between 50% and 100% of the dirty syngas. The cleaned low-BTU syngas is then routed to the combined cycle power generation system where it is mixed with air and burned in the gas turbine combustor. Heat is extracted from the expanded exhaust gases by a heat recovery steam generator to produce high pressure steam. This steam, along with the steam generated in the gasification process, drives a steam turbine to generate an additional 132MW of power. Internal process power consumption is approximately 62MW, and includes power for coal grinding, air separation, and feed pumps. Net output from the IGCC demonstration plant will be 260MW.

  6. [Hypolipidemic and antihypertensive therapy in diabetic patients in the Czech Republic: notes on the VZP (General Health Insurance Company) Data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šnejdrlová, Michaela; Češka, Richard; Janíčková-Žďárská, Denisa; Honěk, Petr; Dušek, Pavel; Pavlík, Tomáš; Kvapil, Milan

    2015-11-01

    Diabetes mellitus and in particular type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most important risk factors of cardiovascular disease. To influence cardiovascular risk there is enormous important not only positive influence of glycemia, but also the treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia and hypertension. The present work provides an analysis of lipid-lowering and antihypertensive therapy for all diabetics registered with General Health Insurance Company in the period 2010-2013. In this time 866,570 patients with diabetes mellitus registered with General Health Insurance Company were treated, the majority of them were diabetics independent on insulin. Approximately half of the patients were observed by dialectologists and half of them by the doctors of other specialization. Out of antihypertensive medi-cation, patients were most often treated by drugs that affect the renin-angiotensin system, as well as beta-blockers and diuretics. Prescription of the lipid-lowering therapy, especially prescription of statins, in accordance with the guidelines, is increasing, but remains insufficient (at 2013 43.6% diabetics treated by dialectologists and 51.3% diabetics treated by GP´s didn´t have lipid lowering therapy). Inadequate use of combination lipid-lowering therapy was recorded too, still represented mainly by combination of statin and fibrate, but in coming years we expect (based on the positive results of the subanalysis IMPROVE-IT study), an increase of combination therapy statin and ezetimibe.

  7. A Generalized Model for Transport of Contaminants in Soil by Electric Fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paz-Garcia, Juan Manuel; Baek, Kitae; Alshawabkeh, Iyad D.

    2012-01-01

    A generalized model applicable to soils contaminated with multiple species under enhanced boundary conditions during treatment by electric fields is presented. The partial differential equations describing species transport are developed by applying the law of mass conservation to their fluxes...

  8. 电动汽车:一个用电增长点的考察%Electric Automobile: Review of the Point of Growth in Electric Power Consumption

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张媛; 杨定顺; 陈虹; 刘洁; 闫晓生

    2002-01-01

      "Spread of marketing needs to be considered from thefact of Tianjin City. At least electric automobile is a goodsuggestion on it." said Kou Shiqing, general manager ofTianjin Electric Power Company. In order to widen themarket of electric power and improve the atmosphere qual-ity of city, Tianjin Electric Power Company invited leaderfrom city economy.……

  9. Conformal invariance and generalized Hojman conserved quantities of mechanico-electrical systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yuan-Cheng; Xia Li-Li; Wang Xiao-Ming

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies conformal invariance and generalized Hojman conserved quantities of mechanico-electrical systems. The definition and the determining equation of conformal invariance for mechanico-electrical systems are provided. The conformal factor expression is deduced from conformal invariance and Lie symmetry under the infinitesimal singleparameter transformation group. The generalized Hojman conserved quantities from the conformal invariance of the system are given. An example is given to illustrate the application of the result.

  10. The Potential Application of Gasification for Biomass Power Generation in Isolated Area from National Electricity Company in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiman Siregar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has renewable energy source very large, as biomass. Installed capacity power plants of Indonesia now 53,585 MW, where the potential energy biomass is the largest of renewable sources of energy that owned by Indonesia. The machine of gasification is designed to produce combustible gas (CO, H2, CH4. These combustible gas are produced to replace fossil fuel as engine fuel to generate electricity. However, the properties and characteristics of these combustible gas should meet the characteristic of the engine as every engine has its own specific characteristic. In this research, Biomass Power Generation (BPG which work more properly with CO was used. High level of tar contained in produced combustible gas contaminates the engine filter rapidly. Therefore, the machine cannot be operated at a longer time. The objective of this research was to study the potential application of downdraft gasification machine with high content of CO and low production of tar. Downdraft gasification machine which designed in this research had installed capacity as much as 50 kW with reactor diameter and height were 900 mm and 1000 mm, respectively. The testing result showed that power generated from this machine was 40 kW, efficiency 80 % and can be operated for 6 hours. The optimum combustible gas produced by this machine occurred at CO, H2 and CH4 content were 21.75 %, 13.12 % and 1.12 %, respectively. Besides of using active carbon, tar removal was carried out using dust trap system (wet scrubber. The potential reduction of value of greenhouse gases emission is about 37 until 67 %. Based on an analysis calculation of financial , a test performance of gasification, and analysis of environmental impact, the use of system gasification can be used on a system a power plant in the isolated area from national electricity company in Indonesia.

  11. General theories for the electrical transport properties of carbon nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, L T; Nanda, K K, E-mail: nanda@mrc.iisc.ernet.in [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012 (India)

    2011-08-05

    We have shown that the general theories of metals and semiconductors can be employed to understand the diameter and voltage dependency of current through metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes, respectively. The current through a semiconducting multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) is associated with the energy gap that is different for different shells. The contribution of the outermost shell is larger as compared to the inner shells. The general theories can also explain the diameter dependency of maximum current through nanotubes. We have also compared the current carrying ability of a MWCNT and an array of the same diameter of single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and found that MWCNTs are better suited and deserve further investigation for possible applications as interconnects.

  12. Potential Use of Communications and Project Management Systems in Remote Construction Projects: The Case of Saudi Electric Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhzad Sidawi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Remote projects have their unique problems that are caused mainly by the remoteness of the project itself thus the loose control over management. This is due to a number of reasons such as lack of human resources and infrastructure. Research studies that were undertaken worldwide - regarding this issue- has highlighted few unique management problems. The aim of this paper is to investigate how far the IT tools would help in managing remote construction projects in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. Due to the lack of previous research regarding remote projects within the Gulf region and the KSA, a pilot study was conducted in 2009 to define and test the wording of questions that are part of the main survey. The main survey was undertaken on Saudi Electric Company (SEC. The study found that IT systems and tools have the potential but this potential is hindered by a number of technical, managerial, staff factors. Therefore, successful application of IT systems would require changes to the present management settings at various levels. This would ensure that the SEC is capable of achieving the full benefit from using these advanced systems.

  13. El Paso Electric Company Diablo Substation to the US-Mexico border 115kV transmission line project. Final Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    This Environmental Assessment documents the analysis of alternative corridors for development and operation of a proposed 115 kilovolt transmission line using private lands and transporting power to the US-Mexico international border. The project will require (1) an amendment to El Paso Electric Company`s existing export authorization to transfer power across this border, and (2) a Presidential Permit for construction of the transmission line. The project would be located in Dona Ana county in southern New Mexico, approximately five miles west of El Paso, Texas. The alternative corridors, specific locations within those corridors, and structure types are identified and analyzed in the environmental studies.

  14. Analysis of rationality and efficiency of electricity utilization in posture poultry companies by computation platform based in fuzzy system; Analise da racionalidade e eficiencia da utilizacao de energia eletrica em empresas de avicultura de postura via plataforma computacional baseada em sistema fuzzy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cremasco, Camila Pires [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Bioestatistica; Faculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC), Presidente Prudente, SP (Brazil); Gabriel Filho, Luis Roberto Almeida [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Tupa, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas; Viais Neto, Daniel dos Santos; Bordin, Deyver [Faculdade de Tecnologia (FATEC), Presidente Prudente, SP (Brazil); Silva, Helenice de Oliveira Florentino [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Bioestatistica], E-mails: gabrielfilho@tupa.unesp.br., dvneto@fatecpp.edu.br, bordin@yahoo.com.br, helenice@ibb.unesp.br

    2012-11-01

    A great application of intelligent systems is in control of the electric power consumption of enterprises. For the assessment of the way that the company uses the electricity there are two indices which are called load factor and power factor. To facilitate the assessment of the performance of electric power consumption by the companies it is interesting that there is a single index indicating globally as energy is being used by the same. The goal of this work was to develop a software to assist laying poultry companies in the region of Bastos in more rational and efficient use of electric energy. For this, a system has been developed called Fuzzy Energy integrated environment developed with Delphi 2010. For the determination of fuzzy factor (situation of the company), we used a fuzzy system prepared in advance. The data collected over a period of 3 years helped the system programming. The software was able to present the situation of the company studied in a manner accessible to the user, and their results were tested accuracy 100 according to fuzzy system. With the inference method of Mandani, unable to create a general simulation of all relevant points of enterprise data. (author)

  15. Computational simulation and lean thinking as tools of process management: an assessment of different alternatives to increase capacity in a manufacturing company of aluminum electrical cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Augusto Amarante de Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the production chain of a manufacturing company of aluminum electrical conductors is analyzed, in order to select the best strategy for increasing its production capacity. The company´s production systems and flows are highly complex and have high variability in their production flows. A quantitative modeling methodology was proposed to simulate those systems, and to analyze them in a simpler manner. The simulation model considered two different strategies related to production increase: “Lean Thinking” and Machinery/Equipment Purchase. From the current context and the results obtained from the simulation study, it was possible to conclude that the best scenario for increasing production capacity for the company was using the Lean Thinking strategy on the critical processes.The gains in capacity are higher and the implementing costs involved are lower than the ones observed in the other strategy considered.

  16. Working conditions and psychosocial risk factors of employees in French electricity and gas company customer support departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevalier, Anne; Dessery, Michel; Boursier, Marie-Françoise; Grizon, Marie Catherine; Jayet, Christian; Reymond, Catherine; Thiebot, Michelle; Zeme-Ramirez, Monique; Calvez, Thierry

    2011-01-01

    Little is known about the real impact of working conditions on the health of call center employees. The aim of this article is to describe the working conditions of French electricity and gas company customer service teams, especially those spending more than 75% of their working time handling calls in order to determine their subjective experience of their work and identify situations at risk of psychosocial constraints. A cross-sectional study using a self-completion questionnaire was conducted on a representative sample of 2,000 employees working in customer service centers. The questions focused on the variety of tasks performed, the organization of working time, the physical environment of the workstation, violent situations and psychosocial factors (Job Content Questionnaire). Multivariate statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the wish to leave the sector and with a high level of psychosocial constraints. Women made up 66% of the sample. Despite a high educational level, the average socio-professional level of the employees was relatively low. Although the vast majority of employees had chosen this career (74%), just over half would like to leave. The main factors associated with iso-strain were inadequate breaks (odds ratio (OR) = 2.0), low perceived quality of work (OR = 2.4), high proportion of working time spent handling calls (≥75% of working time: OR = 5.9, between 50 and customers (often or very often: OR = 1.8) and an unsatisfactory workplace (OR = 2.0). Employees who spend more than 75% of their working time on the phone cumulate every factor linked with a high level of constraints, but all employees of the EDF and Gaz de France customer service centers are concerned. These workers share many characteristics with other call centers: predominantly female workforce; high educational level; wish to leave this sector despite the initial choice; high level of psychosocial risk factors.

  17. Investigation regarding Costain et al v. Maritime Electric Company Limited : complaint re transmission line, Locke and Howlan Roads : Docket UE20324

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-03-20

    The Prince Edward Island Regulatory and Appeals Commission hears appeals on issues relating to land use. It also regulates electric utilities in the province, including the Maritime Electric Company. The Commission retained the services of Exponent Inc. following a complaint by residents who expressed opposition to a transmission line operated by Maritime Electric Company that carries electricity generated by the West Cape wind farm. The residents were concerned about potential health risks of electric magnetic fields (EMF) associated with the transmission line. This report summarized the results of Exponent's investigation of the complaint and related concerns. The investigation revealed that the residents obtained their information on health hazards from a variety of non-scientific sources and had a limited understanding of how spot measurements of magnetic fields relate to their overall magnetic field exposure, and what measurements are relevant to exposure metrics discussed in epidemiology studies. The measurements and calculations that were conducted as part of the investigation suggested that the transmission line is not currently a large source of magnetic field exposure for most residents. However, the closer the residence is to the line, the greater the magnetic field. The current flow and magnetic field from the line will increase as more wind generating units are connected to the transmission line. The Canadian and international applications of the precautionary principle would not support a different technical approach to the siting and construction of the line than has occurred. 63 refs., 1 tab., 6 figs., 4 appendices.

  18. Analyzing the Effectiveness of Reward Management System on Employee Performance through the Mediating Role of Employee Motivation Case Study: Isfahan Regional Electric Company

    OpenAIRE

    Amin Karami; Hossein Rezaei Dolatabadi; Saeed Rajaeepour

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Analyzing the effectiveness of reward management system on employee performance through the mediating role of employee motivation was the purpose of the present survey.Method and tools: Given that staff department of Isfahan Regional Electric Company was the statistical population under study simple random sampling was used in this survey. Sample size was determined by means of Cochran formula (140 persons). Historical study and field study methods were the most important methods of ...

  19. Electricity price forecasting using generalized regression neural network based on principal components analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛东晓; 刘达; 邢棉

    2008-01-01

    A combined model based on principal components analysis (PCA) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN) was adopted to forecast electricity price in day-ahead electricity market. PCA was applied to mine the main influence on day-ahead price, avoiding the strong correlation between the input factors that might influence electricity price, such as the load of the forecasting hour, other history loads and prices, weather and temperature; then GRNN was employed to forecast electricity price according to the main information extracted by PCA. To prove the efficiency of the combined model, a case from PJM (Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland) day-ahead electricity market was evaluated. Compared to back-propagation (BP) neural network and standard GRNN, the combined method reduces the mean absolute percentage error about 3%.

  20. Numerical Investigation of Entropy Generation in Unsteady MHD Generalized Couette Flow with Variable Electrical Conductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinyoka, T.; Makinde, O. D.

    2013-01-01

    The thermodynamic second law analysis is utilized to investigate the inherent irreversibility in an unsteady hydromagnetic generalized Couette flow with variable electrical conductivity in the presence of induced electric field. Based on some simplified assumption, the model nonlinear governing equations are obtained and solved numerically using semidiscretization finite difference techniques. Effects of various thermophysical parameters on the fluid velocity, temperature, current density, skin friction, the Nusselt number, entropy generation number, and the Bejan number are presented graphically and discussed quantitatively. PMID:23956691

  1. An ex ante welfare analysis of the unbundling of the distribution and supply companies in the Dutch electricity sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Nooij, M.; Baarsma, B.

    2008-01-01

    The Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs intends (i) to unbundle the distribution companies from the commercial companies which are currently in the same holding (supply and generation) and (ii) to allow the Transmission System Operator to manage all the 110 kV grids (currently it manages the 220 kV l

  2. Generalized Mei Conserved Quantity of Mei Symmetry for Mechanico-electrical Systems with Nonholonomic Controllable Constraints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Li-Li; ZHAO Xian-Lin

    2009-01-01

    On the basis of the total time derivative along the trajectory, we study the generalized Mei conserved quantity of Mei symmetry for mechanico-electrical systems with nonholonomie controllable constraints. Firstly, the definition and criterion of Mei symmetry for mechanico-electrical systems with nonholonomic controllable constraints are presented. Secondly, a coordination function is introduced, and the conditions of existence of generalized Mei conserved quantity as well as the forms are proposed. Lastly, an example is given to illustrate the application of the results.

  3. Results from the Operational Testing of the General Electric Smart Grid Capable Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard Barney Carlson; Don Scoffield; Brion Bennett

    2013-12-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory conducted testing and analysis of the General Electric (GE) smart grid capable electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), which was a deliverable from GE for the U.S. Department of Energy FOA-554. The Idaho National Laboratory has extensive knowledge and experience in testing advanced conductive and wireless charging systems though INL’s support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. This document details the findings from the EVSE operational testing conducted at the Idaho National Laboratory on the GE smart grid capable EVSE. The testing conducted on the EVSE included energy efficiency testing, SAE J1772 functionality testing, abnormal conditions testing, and charging of a plug-in vehicle.

  4. The diverse strategies of american electricity companies in the face of de-monopolization of the electricity market; La diversite des strategies des entreprises electriques americaines face a la liberalisation du marche electrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finon, D.; Serrato, G. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 38 - Grenoble (France). Institut d' Economie et de Politique de l' Energie, IEPE

    2000-01-01

    The electricity boards in the United States of America have adopted new strategies clearly influenced by anterior regulations and by de-monopolization. Numerous mergers are only the most spectacular of these strategies, enabling the start-up handicap of size in face of new competition to be surmounted, and offering the advantage of bringing together the supply of gas and electricity. Two principal means of adaptation for the gas and electricity boards are their development in non-regulated production (equipment sharing, setting up of merchant plants), and their involvement in bulk trade and competitive retail sales; moreover some choose to specialize in electronuclear production on transport. Lastly, internationalization and diversification towards telecommunications are more frequent there than elsewhere. The purpose of this article is to characterize these strategies in comparison with those of the European electricity companies.

  5. 75 FR 13600 - Virginia Electric and Power Company, North Anna Power Station, Unit Nos. 1 and 2, Surry Power...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... permit the licensee the use of Mine Safety Appliance Company (MSA) Firehawk Air Mask (FireHawk) Self... offsite. There is no significant increase in occupational or public radiation exposure. Therefore,...

  6. 75 FR 9622 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc.; Vogtle Electric Generating Plant, Units 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ...; Exemption 1.0 Background Southern Nuclear Operating Company, Inc. (SNC, the licensee), is the holder of... specified in the SNC letter dated November 6, 2009, as supplemented November 20, 2009, the licensee...

  7. Magnetohydrodynamic flow of generalized Maxwell fluids in a rectangular micropump under an AC electric field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Guangpu [School of Mathematical Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010021 (China); Jian, Yongjun, E-mail: jianyj@imu.edu.cn [School of Mathematical Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010021 (China); Chang, Long [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010051 (China); Buren, Mandula [School of Mathematical Science, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010021 (China)

    2015-08-01

    By using the method of separation of variables, an analytical solution for the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of the generalized Maxwell fluids under AC electric field through a two-dimensional rectangular micropump is reduced. By the numerical computation, the variations of velocity profiles with the electrical oscillating Reynolds number Re, the Hartmann number Ha, the dimensionless relaxation time De are studied graphically. Further, the comparison with available experimental data and relevant researches is presented. - Highlights: • MHD flow of the generalized Maxwell fluids under AC electric field is analyzed. • The MHD flow is confined to a two-dimensional rectangular micropump. • Analytical solution is obtained by using the method of separation of variables. • The influences of related parameters on the MHD velocity are discussed.

  8. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and the environment. Press file for 1996; EDF et l'environnment 1996. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourdier, Jean-Pierre [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-03-27

    In 1996 the actions of EDF in the domain of environment have recorded FF 4 billions (FF 3.5 billion in 1995), representing about 2% of the EDF's turnover. The EDF keeps on its efforts for reducing the impact of its activities upon environment. Several applications of an environment protective electricity generation are promoted by the company. The company brings services and technical solutions to its clients which meet their energy needs and conserving at the same time the life conditions. Furthermore, EDF participates in the activity of numerous national and international organisms, intervening in the environmental questions, in decision making, participating in studies and actions and following continually the direction of a durable economic and social development. The report is structured in three chapters: 1. an industrial responsibility; 2. services and techniques for environment; 3. action towards a durable development.

  9. Reliable prediction of electric spark sensitivity of nitramines: a general correlation with detonation pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keshavarz, Mohammad Hossein; Pouretedal, Hamid Reza; Semnani, Abolfazl

    2009-08-15

    For nitramines, a general correlation has been introduced to predict electric spark sensitivity through detonation pressure. New method uses maximum obtainable detonation pressure as a fundamental relation so that it can be corrected for some nitramines which have some specific molecular structure. There is no need to use crystal density and heat of formation of nitramine explosives for predicting detonation pressure and electric spark sensitivity. The predicted electric spark sensitivities are compared with calculated results on the basis of quantum mechanical computations for some nitramines that latter can be applied. The root mean square (rms) deviations from experiment for new method and the predicted results of complicated quantum mechanical method are 1.18 and 3.49J, respectively.

  10. Auditor´s report of report of companies of the brazilian electrical sector: one study of the normative adherence of the reports emited between 1999 and 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Haendchen Dutra

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to verify the adherence to the normative demands found in the auditors’ reports concerned with the companies of the Brazilian electrical sector. To reach the proposed goal, an exploratory-descriptive study of report samples published between 1999 and 2006 was undertaken, covering the financial statements issued from 1998 to 2005, selected from Closing Balance, of Gazeta Mercantil. The research has an descriptive character and used the content analysis technique for the data analysis and interpretation. The approach adopted was both qualitative and quantitative. 136 auditors’ reports were scrutinized through the comparison between paragraphs contained in those reports and the aforementioned auditing standards issued by the regulating organ, the Accounting Federal Board. 936 frequencies were acknowledged, being divided into adherent and non-adherent, and the 14,9% of non-adherent ones were minutely discussed. Key words: Auditors’ Report, Auditing Standards and Electrical Sector.

  11. A Generalized Model for Electrical Power Distribution Feeders’ Contributions to System Reliability Indices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganiyu A. Ajenikoko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Reliability indices are parametric quantities used to assess the performance levels of electrical power distribution systems. In this work, a generalized quadratic model is developed for electrical power distribution system contributions to system reliability indices using Ikeja, Port-Harcourt, Kaduna and Kano distribution system feeders as case studies. The mean System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI, System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI and Customer Average Interruption Duration Index (CAIDI contributions to system reliability indices for Ikeja, Port-Harcourt, Kaduna and Kano distribution systems were 0.0033, 0.0026, 0.0033 and 0.0018 respectively due to the fact that a prolonged period of interruptions was recorded on most of the feeders attached to Port-Harcourt and Kano distribution systems making them to be less reliable compared to Ikeja and Kaduna distribution systems. The generalized Quadratic model forms a basis for a good design, planning and maintenance of distribution systems at large.

  12. 76 FR 17447 - Penske Logistics LLC a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation Including On-Site Leased...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Penske Logistics LLC a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske... former workers of Penske Logistics LLC, a subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation, El Paso...

  13. 75 FR 11918 - General Electric Kentucky Glass Plant, Lighting, LLC, Including On-Site Leased Workers From the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... notice was published in the Federal Register on February 16, 2010 (75 FR 7034). At the request of the... Employment and Training Administration General Electric Kentucky Glass Plant, Lighting, LLC, Including On..., 2009, applicable to workers of General Electric Kentucky Glass Plant, Lighting, LLC, including...

  14. The ANEEL and the criteria for the resource application in energy efficiency of the electric energy distribution companies; A ANEEL e os criterios para aplicacao de recursos em programas de eficiencia energetica das distribuidoras de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, Jamil [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Sistemas Eletrico e Energia. Grupo de Estudos Energeticos (GEE)]. E-mail: jamil@unifei.edu.br

    2006-07-01

    Each year the ANEEL establishes the criteria for the of the Energy Efficiency Programs of the electric power distribution companies. This subject has an importance nevertheless to be highlighted only when conjunctural circumstances occur such as the 2001/2002 electric energy crisis. Such characteristics increase the ANEEL responsibility, because the regulation must observe the structural character which performs the energy efficiency actions. Recently, the ANEEL altered the criteria for the resource application by the electric power distribution companies. This article describes the importance of the energy efficiency and make comments on these frequent regulatory changes. (author)

  15. On the Electricity Inspection and Marketing Strategy of Electric Power Company%浅谈电力公司用电检查营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡良; 赵国波

    2013-01-01

      Electric energy as a kind of important energy, we must strengthen its supervision. This paper points out some of the problems in electrical inspection of China's electric power enterprise, and puts forward some marketing strategy to ensure the healthy and stable development of China's electric power.%  电力能源作为一种重要的能源,必须加强对其的监管。本文在论述我国电力企业用电检查存在的一些问题时,也提出了一些用电检查的营销策略,以保证我国电力的健康和稳定的发展。

  16. Controlling in power supply companies that use structured electricity procurement; Controlling in EVU bei einer strukturierten Beschaffung von Strom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutz, Andreas [prevero AG, Muenchen (Germany); Bernklau, Nadine [TU Muenchen (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Wirtschaftsethik

    2011-01-15

    The liberalisation of the electricity market continues to offer innovative avenues for trading, especially in procurement. This leads to higher levels of complexity and responsibility in the tasks of a power supplier's purchasing department. What is needed ultimately is a well-developed procurement controlling system. A recent study shows how such a system should be designed in the case of electricity.

  17. Persuasion and types of enticements offered by pharmaceutical companies to Gold Coast general practitioners in an attempt to encourage a health website recommendation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usher, Wayne; Skinner, James

    2010-01-01

    This study was undertaken to determine if pharmaceutical companies persuade and offer enticements to Gold Coast (Queensland, Australia) general practitioners (GPs), in an attempt to encourage them to recommend health websites to the health consumer. A survey instrument consisting of seven single response questions was mailed to 250 (61%) out of 410 GPs. Questions were designed to measure the percentages (%) and proportions associated with levels of persuasion and types of enticements pharmaceutical companies are offering GPs, in an attempt to encourage them to recommend health websites to the health consumer. The survey instrument allowed participants to indicate their (1) gender, (2) age and (3) years of experience (less experienced or= 10 years). One hundred and eight (43%) of the 250 GPs returned a completed survey. The return rate for male GPs was 72 (40%) and for female GPs, it was 36 (33%). Sixty-eight (63%) GPs indicated that they actively recommend health websites to their patients [male GPs--48 (71%), female GPs--20 (29%)]. This study highlights that female GPs (80%), those aged between 31 and 40 (77%) and GPs with companies. This study reports that pharmaceutical companies are offering various types of enticements in an attempt to persuade Gold Coast GPs to recommend specific health websites to the health consumer. Further research should explore if similar levels of persuasion and types of enticements are being offered to GPs across Australia.

  18. Current density in generalized Fibonacci superlattices under a uniform electric field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panchadhyayee, P; Biswas, R; Khan, Arif; Mahapatra, P K

    2008-07-09

    We present an exhaustive study on tunneling and electrical conduction in an electrically biased GaAs-Al(y)Ga(1-y)As generalized Fibonacci superlattice. The study is based on transfer matrix formalism using an Airy function approach and provides an exact calculation of the current density in the case of quasi-periodic multibarrier systems. The results suggest the use of such quasi-periodic systems in perfect band-pass or band-eliminator (of extremely low width) circuitry. We have clearly demonstrated the resonance-type peaks and negative differential conductivity regimes in such systems. It has also been found that quasi-periodicity favors sharp negative differential conductivity peaks compared to those in periodic superlattices and thus have profound importance in device applications.

  19. Generalized Flow Tracing for the Analysis of Networked Renewable Electricity Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Hörsch, Jonas; Becker, Sarah; Schramm, Stefan; Greiner, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Flow allocation methods represent a valuable tool set to analyze the power flows in networked electricity systems. Based on this flow allocation, the costs associated with the usage of the underlying network infrastructure can be assigned to the users of the electricity system. This paper presents a generalization of the flow tracing method that is applicable to arbitrary compositions of inflow appearing naturally in aggregated networks. The composition of inflow is followed from net-generating sources through the network and assigns corresponding shares of the total power flow as well as of the outflow to the net-consuming sinks. We showcase the analytical power of this method for a scenario based on the IEEE 118 bus network and emphasize the need of appropriate aggregating measures, which allow to integrate over whole time series of fluctuating flow patterns.

  20. 电力期货市场对发电企业的影响探讨%Influence of Electricity Futures Market on Power Generation Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟星; 刘剑清

    2011-01-01

    随着我国电力市场的推进和经营形式的变化,电力生产出现了新的问题。电力期货市场作为电力市场发展的一种新模式,成为解决煤电矛盾困局的市场化工具,也为电力行业改进生产方式提出了新的启示。对发电企业如何利用期货市场的套利保值机理和价格发现机制以改变发电企业传统的经营方式进行了介绍,并结合我国华东区域电力市场发电权交易的经验对电力期货市场的设计进行了探讨。%With the advance and the management mode change of domestic electricity market, some new problems emerge in power production. As a development model of electricity market, the electricity futures market introduces a marketing tool for solving the contradiction problem between coal and power, and brings a new inspiration for improving the production mode of electricity industry as well. This paper introduces about how to change the traditional management ways of power generation companies by both arbitrage and hedging mechanism and price-discovery mechanism, and discusses the design of the electricity futures market on the basis of the generation rights trade experience of the east China power market.

  1. Results of photovoltaic power generation system operation in Tokyo Electric Power Company; Tokyo Denryoku ni okeru taiyoko hatsuden setsubi no unten jisseki ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fukuda, H.; Itokawa, K. [Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A report was made on the measurement of data and the results of the analysis at 14 sites of photovoltaic power generation facilities operated under system interconnection by Tokyo Electric Power Company. This type of system is provided in 40 sites as of the end of fiscal 1995, generating 479kw. The items measured were the generated electric energy at all 14 sites, and the quantity of solar radiation, outside air temperature, panel temperature, etc., at limited sites; and the capacity of each equipment, azimuth and inclination of the panel were also recorded simultaneously. Hourly values were used for the analysis. Five minute values were utilized, however, in the examination of the cause of lowered output and in the situation recognition of the influence of the shade or the change of weather. The utilization factor of the facilities was in the average 10.8% in fiscal 1994 and 10.7% in fiscal 1995. The factor decreased slightly unless the panel azimuth faced due south. The utilization factor at the panel inclination of 35 degrees and 45 degrees showed both 10.4% through the year making no difference. The system seemed to show no overwhelming possibilities in coping with electric power demand. The reason was that deviation existed for 2 hours or so in the peak and that reliability was low as basic power facilities. However, it was determined that the system be continuously examined in future. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Simulation of the preliminary General Electric SP-100 space reactor concept using the ATHENA computer code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, C. D.

    The capability to perform thermal-hydraulic analyses of a space reactor using the ATHENA computer code is demonstrated. The fast reactor, liquid-lithium coolant loops, and lithium-filled heat pipes of the preliminary General electric SP-100 design were modeled with ATHENA. Two demonstration transient calculations were performed simulating accident conditions. Calculated results are available for display using the Nuclear Plant Analyzer color graphics analysis tool in addition to traditional plots. ATHENA-calculated results appear reasonable, both for steady state full power conditions, and for the two transients. This analysis represents the first known transient thermal-hydraulic simulation using an integral space reactor system model incorporating heat pipes.

  3. A generalized transformation to convert an arbitrary perfect electric conductor into another arbitrary dielectric object

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Lujun; Zhou Daming; Wang Jian; Li Guanhai; Li Zhifeng; Chen Xiaoshuang; Lu Wei, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200083 Shanghai (China)

    2011-06-15

    A generalized transformation is proposed to design an illusion device. The device can reshape an arbitrarily shaped perfect electrical conductor (PEC) into another dielectric object with arbitrary geometry. Such a device can evolve into an ideal invisibility cloak with non-conformal boundaries if the virtual space is filled with air. Furthermore, the validity of our proposed transformation is confirmed by two specific devices. One is to convert a regular polygonal PEC cylinder into a circular dielectric cylinder. Another one is to reshape a circular PEC cylinder into a regular polygonal dielectric cylinder.

  4. CONSUMERS ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE PRODUCTS OF INDIAN AND MULTI NATIONAL COMPANIES - A COMPARITIVE STUDY WITH REFERENCE TO ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.SIVAKUMAR

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The entry of MNCs in India leads to exit of certain Indian companies of various industries. However Indian people compromise to purchase Indian products, if they had quality and special features in thoseproducts also. People are interested to buy the MNCs products not only for quality or for product features but also for cost, brand image, service, social status and host number of other factors. Thegrowth of MNCs product in 2007 has crossed the $33 billion mark. The impact of MNCs product in Indian industries should play a positive role by framing same rules and regulations as framed for domestic countries. The study attempts to research about the consumer attitude towards Indian and MNCs products for electrical and electronic products in Chennai city and develops various aspects about the use of Indian and MNCs products for various reasons.

  5. 78 FR 35360 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Terminations-American Economy Insurance Company...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Terminations-- American Economy Insurance Company (NAIC 19690); American States Insurance Company (NAIC 19704); General Insurance Company of America...

  6. Draft environmental impact statement for construction and operation of the proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company`s second 345-kV transmission tie line to New Brunswick

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-10-01

    This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) was prepared by the US Department of Energy (US DOE). The proposed action is the issuance of Presidential Permit PP-89 by DOE to Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construct and operate a new international transmission line interconnection to New Brunswick, Canada that would consist of an 83.8 mile (US portion), 345-kilovolt (kV) alternating current transmission line from the US-Canadian border at Baileyville, Maine to an existing substation at Orrington, Maine. The principal environmental impacts of the construction and operation of the transmission line would be incremental in nature and would include the conversion of forested uplands (mostly commercial timberlands) and wetlands to right-of-way (small trees, shrubs, and herbaceous vegetation). The proposed line would also result in localized minor to moderate visual impacts and would contribute a minor incremental increase in the exposure of some individuals to electromagnetic fields. This DEIS documents the purpose and need for the proposed action, describes the proposed action and alternatives considered and provides a comparison of the proposed and alternatives routes, and provides detailed information on analyses of the environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives, as well as mitigative measures to minimize impacts.

  7. Models for general phase change phenomena in heat exchangers and in industrial processes affected by applying an electric field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan, Y.Y. [Nottingham Trent University Burton Street, Dept. of Mechinal and Manufacturing Engineering (United Kingdom)

    1999-07-01

    This paper describes the theoretical models for general phase change phenomena in heat exchangers and in industrial processes affected by applying an electric field. The models are on the basis of nucleation and surface fluctuation theories to study the generality of phase change processes under the action of an electric field. Theoretical analysis is carried out and highlights the effect of an electric field on phase change processes from an existing phase to a new phase. The analysis has shown that a critical value of the filed strength could be found theoretically for a certain phase change process. This could be a mechanism of control the processes. (authors)

  8. Devise and design a technology strategy in power distribution industrial, Case study: great tehran electrical distribution company.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mighi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Given the increasing importance of technology in organizational development, considered as one of the most important issues of strategic enterprise technology strategy actually. The increasing production and consumption of electric energy in the developing world and interconnected and expand interaction with other development of industrial, trade, agriculture activities, and services power industry development has become one of the pillars. Industry is an industry study in the field of power supply providing electricity services to consumers and applicants; to determine priorities for future investment, technology strategy is to develop their technological needs thereby determine the scope of its activities in the future. This study was conducted to answer the following questions: What are the industry's technological capabilities? Technologies required by industry to offer new services to their business in what condition? What are important development technologies of this industry? The models presented in this article were positioning school and then focus on these patterns according to industry characteristics studied, Hax and Majlof was considered as the base model and making changes in some of its parts, including technology risk assessment in addition to the capability and attractiveness, the final model was presented.

  9. How companies fare through deregulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chwalowski, M.

    1977-01-01

    The electric utility industry must learn from past deregulation mistakes in order to develop successful corporate structures, services, and technologies that will succeed in a competitive environment. Failure to act will leave the average utility with less than a 50-50 chance of survival five years after deregulation commences. Most examinations of deregulation focus on its political aspects as well as its impacts on consumers, labor relations and safety. There are very few, if any, discussions about how companies themselves change. This article examines trends in the airline industry before and after deregulation. It concentrates on key indicators (e.g., internal structure, management team, employee profile, strategy, products and businesses, profitability) at discrete points in time. The conclusions point to general trends that characterized those transitions including the traits of successful companies.

  10. Additional costs for Norwegian power companies from the OED-proposed implementation of the Electricity Directive II; Merkostnader for norske kraftselskaper ved OEDs forslag til implementering av Eldirektiv II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The cost-related consequences for Norwegian vertically integrated power companies caused by the proposed implementation of Electricity Directive II by OED (Norwegian Oil and Energy Department) are considered. Electricity Directive II demands a company and functional division between the network activities and the activities exposed to competition. The OED proposition aims at lowering the limit for which network companies are included by the new demands, from 100.000 to either 20.000 or 10.000 network clients. Moreover, they propose measures that ensure the network companies' independence, and these exceed by far the minimum requirements of Electricity Directive II. The additional costs may be significant in some aspects. Especially the requirement of an independent management in parent- and subsidiary company will lead to added costs of about Nok 320 million for the Norwegian power business. Further, a split-up management structure may be poorly compatible with the mind set behind the corporate model, something which potentially can lead to bad investments or a weaker utilization of potential cost synergies. The motive for proposing stricter demands on Norwegian power business is among other to limit cross-subsidies so that the competition in the market is reinforced. In light of substantial, quantified additional costs and other negative effects, the proposition's effect on the competition should be investigated further, including alternative measures that may be more cost-effective and/or more accurate (ml)

  11. To Explore The Method of Reducing The Failure Rate of County Electric Power Supply Company%探究降低县级供电公司农网故障率的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王顺刚

    2015-01-01

    本文简要叙述县级供电公司农网故障及原因,提出农网故障的检测方法及有效降低县级供电公司农网故障率的方法。%With the rapid development of national economy, the construction and development of county-level power supply company website speed also appear gradually accelerated condition, this paper analyzes the reasons of the failure of the county-level power supply company's web site, in a timely and properly handle the rural power failures, can effectively reduce the rate of contribution to the company website at the county level, improve the rural power supply reliability, stability and security. Due to the particularity of county electric power supply company public network cable, cable buried underground, most of the rural power failures can't directly find the fault point, and then use the instrument test site failure. This paper briefly describes the failure and the reason of county-level power supply company website, rural electricity fault detection method is proposed, puts forward the effective method to reduce the failure rate at the county level power supply company.

  12. Exposure to electromagnetic fields and the risk of disease in the central nervous system in employees at Danish electric companies; Udsaettelse for elektromagnetiske felter og risiko for sygdomme i det centrale nervesystem blandt ansatte ved danske elselskaber

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansen, Christoffer

    2002-07-01

    Introduction: Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been associated with neurological diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, senile dementia, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Material and method: I studied the incidence of disease in the central nervous system in 30,631 persons employed at Danish electric companies between 1900 and 1993. I linked the cohort to the nationwide, population-based Danish National Register of Patients and compared the number of cases of these diseases found between 1978 and 1993 with the corresponding rates in the general population. In addition, I fit the data on utility workers to a multiplicative Poisson regression model in relation to estimated levels of exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields. Results: Overall, there was an increase in the risk of senile dementia and motor neuron diseases combined. The incidence of Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and other diseases of the central nervous system were essentially unrelated to exposure to electromagnetic fields. A decreased risk of epilepsy compared with the general population probably reflects a healthy worker effects; I observed an increased risk of epilepsy based on internal comparisons. Discussion: The increased risk of senile dementia and motor-neuron diseases may be associated with above average levels of exposure to electromagnetic fields. (au)

  13. 75 FR 43099 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CT7-9C and -9C3 Turboprop Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ... Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail... on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the proposed AD. We will.... We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov , including...

  14. General electrokinetic model for concentrated suspensions in aqueous electrolyte solutions: Electrophoretic mobility and electrical conductivity in static electric fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrique, Félix; Ruiz-Reina, Emilio; Roa, Rafael; Arroyo, Francisco J; Delgado, Ángel V

    2015-10-01

    In recent years different electrokinetic cell models for concentrated colloidal suspensions in aqueous electrolyte solutions have been developed. They share some of its premises with the standard electrokinetic model for dilute colloidal suspensions, in particular, neglecting both the specific role of the so-called added counterions (i.e., those released by the particles to the solution as they get charged), and the realistic chemistry of the aqueous solution on such electrokinetic phenomena as electrophoresis and electrical conductivity. These assumptions, while having been accepted for dilute conditions (volume fractions of solids well below 1%, say), are now questioned when dealing with concentrated suspensions. In this work, we present a general electrokinetic cell model for such kind of systems, including the mentioned effects, and we also carry out a comparative study with the standard treatment (the standard solution only contains the ions that one purposely adds, without ionic contributions from particle charging or water chemistry). We also consider an intermediate model that neglects the realistic aqueous chemistry of the solution but accounts for the correct contribution of the added counterions. The results show the limits of applicability of the classical assumptions and allow one to better understand the relative role of the added counterions and ions stemming from the electrolyte in a realistic aqueous solution, on electrokinetic properties. For example, at low salt concentrations the realistic effects of the aqueous solution are the dominant ones, while as salt concentration is increased, it is this that progressively takes the control of the electrokinetic response for low to moderate volume fractions. As expected, if the solids concentration is high enough the added counterions will play the dominant role (more important the higher the particle surface charge), no matter the salt concentration if it is not too high. We hope this work can help in

  15. Hoisting the Sails, Shining the Bright Pearl——Interviewing LiQingPing, Vice Chairman of the Board of International Pearl Jadeite Jewelry Investment Company, General Manager & CEO of Ming Qin Jewelry Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Li Qingping was born in Wuning County, Jiangxi Province, in 1954. Now, he is Vice Chairman of the Board of International Pearl, Jadeite and Jewelry Investment Company, General Manager & CEO of Ming Qin Jewelry Group.

  16. A generalized finite difference method for modeling cardiac electrical activation on arbitrary, irregular computational meshes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trew, Mark L; Smaill, Bruce H; Bullivant, David P; Hunter, Peter J; Pullan, Andrew J

    2005-12-01

    A generalized finite difference (GFD) method is presented that can be used to solve the bi-domain equations modeling cardiac electrical activity. Classical finite difference methods have been applied by many researchers to the bi-domain equations. However, these methods suffer from the limitation of requiring computational meshes that are structured and orthogonal. Finite element or finite volume methods enable the bi-domain equations to be solved on unstructured meshes, although implementations of such methods do not always cater for meshes with varying element topology. The GFD method solves the bi-domain equations on arbitrary and irregular computational meshes without any need to specify element basis functions. The method is useful as it can be easily applied to activation problems using existing meshes that have originally been created for use by finite element or finite difference methods. In addition, the GFD method employs an innovative approach to enforcing nodal and non-nodal boundary conditions. The GFD method performs effectively for a range of two and three-dimensional test problems and when computing bi-domain electrical activation moving through a fully anisotropic three-dimensional model of canine ventricles.

  17. General Equilibrium Analysis of Electricity Market Liberalization in Singapore: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fenglong XIAO

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The liberalization in electricity market in Singapore has being undertaken for more than 15 years. This paper evaluates the influence of competition policies by computable general equilibrium (CGE model. Instead of the direct measurement of the impact of competition policy, the benefit of liberalization is reflected by the simulation of a hypothetical regulatory condition. Comparing to the regulatory scenario, simulation result implies the current liberalization raises GDP and exchange rate significantly, but also leaves the tradeoff between higher national income and lower consumer welfare to government. If such choice of economic policy is necessary for political demand, a formal legal framework is required to enforce the restoration of the economy from regulatory restrictions.

  18. 29 CFR 2550.401c-1 - Definition of “plan assets”-insurance company general accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) were not satisfied, the insurer cures the non-compliance through satisfaction of the requirements in... individual and group life, health, disability, and annuity contracts. Experience rated general account... fiduciaries which do not arise from the management of general account assets, as well as to...

  19. Optimal Bidding Strategies for a Small Generation Company in a Day-Ahead Electricity Market with Bilateral Contracts Taken into Account

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azmi Saleh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Deregulation power systems have been force to change their structures, from vertically integrated to open market systems. Each generation company (Genco is required to compete with rivals through bidding in a pool market and making a bilateral contract with a distribution company (Disco or consumers to maximize its own profits. A unit commitment becomes responsible for each Genco and difficult for Genco that have one generation plant or small generation capacity. The objective of a Genco is to maximize its profits with makes a decision submit bidding price function to the Independent System Operator (ISO. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary and important for a small Genco to build optimal bidding strategies considering a bilateral contract and a unit commitment with constraints in time periods for possibilities to get a discontinuous dispatch that could reduce total profits. Approach: The proposed methodology employs an optimization method like Lagrange Relaxation to solve the optimal bidding problem. The solution procedure is applied in the study case and change the market condition to show the effect of bilateral contract to marginal clearing price (MCP, generation output and total profit for a small Genco. Result: The result of the proposed method shows that a Genco can build optimal bidding strategies to maximize total profit considering unit commitment and bilateral contract. Simulation results of a numerical example have demonstrated the bilateral contract reduced the hourly MCP. The bilateral contract will guarantee the Genco getting continuous dispatch during time periods. Conclusions/Recommendations: The proposed method for building optimal bidding strategies in a day-ahead electricity market to maximize total profit considering unit commitment and bilateral contract is helpful for a Genco to make decision in submit bidding to an ISO.

  20. Threshold Lowered for Foreign Investment in Leasing Companies Lowered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      In the past, the lowest threshold for foreign investment in leasing companies was US$5million. Now there is no "special limitation" for that. The trans-corporations including General Electric are staring at the RMB 100 billion profits in China's leasing market.……

  1. Threshold Lowered for Foreign Investment in Leasing Companies Lowered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In the past, the lowest threshold for foreign investment in leasing companies was US$5million. Now there is no "special limitation" for that. The trans-corporations including General Electric are staring at the RMB 100 billion profits in China's leasing market.

  2. Conclusion: The balanced company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    This concluding chapter brings together the various research findings of the book "The balanced company - organizing for the 21st Century" and develops a general overview of their implications for our understanding of the balancing processes unfolding in companies and organizations....

  3. Project of law relative to the electricity and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Projet de loi relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is the definitive text of this project of law adopted by the French house of commons. The aim of this law is to allow the administrations to avoid to use their eligibility right with the opening of the electricity and gas markets to competition. It changes the juridical status of the two public utilities Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. (J.S.)

  4. Electric power monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

  5. Allocation of petroleum feedstock: Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Sollers Point SNG Plant, Sollers Point, Baltimore County, Maryland. Final environmental impact statement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liverman, James L.

    1978-04-01

    An allocation of naphtha feedstock up to 2,186,000 barrels per year to Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG and E) to operate its synthetic natural gas (SNG) facility is being considered. The allocation would enable BG and E to produce 10,800,000 mcf of SNG during a 180 day period. Operation of the plant at design capacity is expected to result in annual pollution emissions as follows: 626.4 tons of sulfur oxides, 168.5 tons of nitrogen oxides and 21.6 tons of particulate matter. Incremental emissions due to plant operations relative to existing emissions in Baltimore County are less than 1%. All Federal and State air quality standards should be met. Treated effluent is to be discharged into the Patapasco River where the environmental impacts are not expected to be significant. The SNG facility has been designed to be in compliance with all applicable Federal, State and local effluent standards. Water consumption requirements of 335,000 gallons per day are not expected to significantly tax the area's water resources. Sound generated by the SNG facility will be inaudible or imperceptible. All other operational impacts on land use, population, visual quality, roadways, community facilities and services and ecological systems were judged to be minimal. Environmental impacts resulting from various alternatives ranging from full allocation through denial of an allocation are discussed.

  6. Electricity generation cost issues - public authorities and power generation companies points of view; Approches du cout de production du KWH: vision publique et vision producteur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lermusieau, Ph. [Electrabel France, 75 - Paris (France); Leban, R. [Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers (CNAM), 75 - Paris (France); Percebois, J. [Montpellier-1 Univ., 34 (France); Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l' Energie (CREDEN), 34 - Montpellier (France); Regent, A. [Ambassade de France a Londres (United Kingdom); Ged, A. [Solving France, 75 - Paris (France); Boulanger, Ph. [ENDESA France (France); Dallemagne, G. [Societe Generale (France); Favennec, J.P. [AEE-France, 92 6 Rueil-Malmaison (France); Gonnot, F.M. [Depute de l' Oise, 95 (France); Percebois, J. [Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l' Energie (CREDEN), 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2008-07-15

    This dossier is dedicated to the cost of the production of electricity. As for any investment, we have to consider the future income the investment will give, this income depends on a list of parameters from which we can highlight for nuclear power in Europe: the opening of the market to competitors, the inter-connection of the national markets, the oscillation of prices between long-term and short-term costs. We have to consider also the structure of the cost (CO{sub 2}, fuel, operation and maintenance) and the issue of risk management for the investor (delay, civil liability, dismantlement). It appears that nuclear investments require long term cooperation between companies deeply involved in the power industry but the structures allowing such cooperation have to be defined. A competitive market will produce results that match public interest if social and environmental costs are included in the production costs and if the assessment of complete costs of every energy source using the best available technology are regularly published. The United-Kingdom is the first country to launch a massive program concerning nuclear energy that is backed by private investors. (A.C.)

  7. The mortality of companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daepp, Madeleine I. G.; Hamilton, Marcus J.; West, Geoffrey B.; Bettencourt, Luís M. A.

    2015-01-01

    The firm is a fundamental economic unit of contemporary human societies. Studies on the general quantitative and statistical character of firms have produced mixed results regarding their lifespans and mortality. We examine a comprehensive database of more than 25 000 publicly traded North American companies, from 1950 to 2009, to derive the statistics of firm lifespans. Based on detailed survival analysis, we show that the mortality of publicly traded companies manifests an approximately constant hazard rate over long periods of observation. This regularity indicates that mortality rates are independent of a company's age. We show that the typical half-life of a publicly traded company is about a decade, regardless of business sector. Our results shed new light on the dynamics of births and deaths of publicly traded companies and identify some of the necessary ingredients of a general theory of firms. PMID:25833247

  8. Standard technical specifications General Electric plants, BWR/6. Volume 1, Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This report documents the results of the combined effort of the NRC and the industry to produce improved Standard Technical Specifications (STS), Revision 1 for General Electric BWR/6 Plants. The changes reflected in Revision 1 resulted from the experience gained from license amendment applications to convert to these improved STS or to adopt partial improvements to existing technical specifications. This NUREG is the result of extensive public technical meetings and discussions between the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff and various nuclear power plant licensees, Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) Owners Groups, NSSS vendors, and the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI). The improved STS were developed based on the criteria in the Final Commission Policy Statement on Technical Specifications Improvements for Nuclear Power Reactors, dated July 22, 1993. The improved STS will be used as the basis for individual nuclear power plant licensees to develop improved plant-specific technical specifications. This report contains three volumes. Volume 1 contains the Specifications for all chapters and sections of the improved STS. Volume 2 contains the Bases for Chapters 2.0 and 3.0, and Sections 3.1--3.3 of the improved STS. Volume 3 contains the Bases for Sections 3.4--3.10 of the improved STS.

  9. Aging assessment of Westinghouse PWR and General Electric BWR containment isolation functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, B.S.; Travis, R.; Grove, E.; DiBiasio, A.

    1996-03-01

    A study was performed to assess the effects of aging on the Containment Isolation (CI) functions of Westinghouse Pressurized Water Reactors and General Electric Boiling Water Reactors. This study is part of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) program, sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The objectives of this program are to provide an understanding of the aging process and how it affects plant safety so that it can be properly managed. This is one of a number of studies performed under the NPAR program which provide a technical basis for the identification and evaluation of degradation caused by age. Failure data from two national databases, Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS) and Licensee Event Reports (LERs), as well as plant specific data were reviewed and analyzed to understand the effects of aging on the CI functions. This study provided information on the effects of aging on component failure frequency, failure modes, and failure causes. Current inspection, surveillance, and monitoring practices were also reviewed.

  10. Seismic risk analysis for General Electric Plutonium Facility, Pleasanton, California. Final report, part II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-27

    This report is the second of a two part study addressing the seismic risk or hazard of the special nuclear materials (SNM) facility of the General Electric Vallecitos Nuclear Center at Pleasanton, California. The Part I companion to this report, dated July 31, 1978, presented the seismic hazard at the site that resulted from exposure to earthquakes on the Calaveras, Hayward, San Andreas and, additionally, from smaller unassociated earthquakes that could not be attributed to these specific faults. However, while this study was in progress, certain additional geologic information became available that could be interpreted in terms of the existance of a nearby fault. Although substantial geologic investigations were subsequently deployed, the existance of this postulated fault, called the Verona Fault, remained very controversial. The purpose of the Part II study was to assume the existance of such a capable fault and, under this assumption, to examine the loads that the fault could impose on the SNM facility. This report first reviews the geologic setting with a focus on specifying sufficient geologic parameters to characterize the postulated fault. The report next presents the methodology used to calculate the vibratory ground motion hazard. Because of the complexity of the fault geometry, a slightly different methodology is used here compared to the Part I report. This section ends with the results of the calculation applied to the SNM facility. Finally, the report presents the methodology and results of the rupture hazard calculation.

  11. The NASA Environmentally Responsible Aviation Project/General Electric Open Rotor Test Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Zante, Dale

    2013-01-01

    The Open Rotor is a modern version of the UnDucted Fan (UDF) that was flight tested in the late 1980's through a partnership between NASA and General Electric (GE). Tests were conducted in the 9'x15' Low Speed Wind Tunnel and the 8'x6' Supersonic Wind Tunnel starting in late 2009 and completed in early 2012. Aerodynamic and acoustic data were obtained for takeoff, approach and cruise simulations. GE was the primary partner, but other organizations were involved such as Boeing and Airbus who provided additional hardware for fuselage simulations. This test campaign provided the acoustic and performance characteristics for modern open rotor blades designs." NASA and GE conducted joint systems analysis to evaluate how well new blade designs would perform on a B737 class aircraft, and compared the results to an advanced higher bypass ratio turbofan." Acoustic shielding experiments were performed at NASA GRC and Boeing LSAF facilities to provide data for noise estimates of unconventional aircraft configurations with Open Rotor propulsion systems." The work was sponsored by NASA's aeronautics programs, including the Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) and the Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) projects."

  12. 保险公司的最优投资与一般再保险策略%OPTIMAL AND GENERAL REINSURANCE POLICIES FOR INSURANCE COMPANY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵守娟; 杨青龙; 庄乐森

    2012-01-01

    本文研究了在股票价格服从几何布朗运动的假设下,原保公司考虑再保险时的最优投资问题.运用动态规划和鞅方法,得到了一般最优控制问题所满足的HJB方程以及该方程的识别定理,并分别对比例再保险和超额再保险做了详细分析.%The optimal investment strategy with the general reinsurance strategy of the original insurance company is considered when the stock price is modeled by geometric Brownian motion. By using the dynamic programming and the martingale principle, we obtain the HJB equation of the optimal control and its the verification theorem and analyze the examples of proportional reinsurance and excess of loss reinsurance.

  13. Commercial low-Btu coal-gasification plant. Feasibility study: General Refractories Company, Florence, Kentucky. Volume I. Project summary. [Wellman-Galusha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-11-01

    In response to a 1980 Department of Energy solicitation, the General Refractories Company submitted a Proposal for a feasibility study of a low Btu gasification facility for its Florence, KY plant. The proposed facility would substitute low Btu gas from a fixed bed gasifier for natural gas now used in the manufacture of insulation board. The Proposal from General Refractories was prompted by a concern over the rising costs of natural gas, and the anticipation of a severe increase in fuel costs resulting from deregulation. The proposed feasibility study is defined. The intent is to provide General Refractories with the basis upon which to determine the feasibility of incorporating such a facility in Florence. To perform the work, a Grant for which was awarded by the DOE, General Refractories selected Dravo Engineers and Contractors based upon their qualifications in the field of coal conversion, and the fact that Dravo has acquired the rights to the Wellman-Galusha technology. The LBG prices for the five-gasifier case are encouraging. Given the various natural gas forecasts available, there seems to be a reasonable possibility that the five-gasifier LBG prices will break even with natural gas prices somewhere between 1984 and 1989. General Refractories recognizes that there are many uncertainties in developing these natural gas forecasts, and if the present natural gas decontrol plan is not fully implemented some financial risks occur in undertaking the proposed gasification facility. Because of this, General Refractories has decided to wait for more substantiating evidence that natural gas prices will rise as is now being predicted.

  14. Organizational architecture of multinational company

    OpenAIRE

    Vrbová, Tereza

    2012-01-01

    The Bachelor's Thesis ,,Organizational architecture of multinational company" sets the target to analyse organizational structures used in multinational companies at present. In the teoretical section is briefly described development of this subject, basic concepts associated with organizational architecture such as globalization, multinational companies and organizational architecture. I also generalized main characteristics of organizational forms and describe their pros and cons. The pract...

  15. 76 FR 27669 - Penske Logistics LLC, a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation Including On-Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Penske Logistics LLC, a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske... Regarding Application for Reconsideration applicable to workers and former workers of Penske Logistics LLC...

  16. 77 FR 14838 - General Electric-Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment LLC, Commercial Laser-Based Uranium Enrichment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... COMMISSION General Electric-Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment LLC, Commercial Laser-Based Uranium Enrichment... applicant) to authorize construction of a laser-based uranium enrichment facility and possession and use of...-based uranium enrichment facility. Revisions to the application were submitted on March 23, 2010;...

  17. 77 FR 13367 - General Electric-Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment, LLC, Proposed Laser-Based Uranium Enrichment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... COMMISSION General Electric-Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment, LLC, Proposed Laser-Based Uranium Enrichment...- Hitachi Global Laser Enrichment, LLC (GLE) Uranium Enrichment Facility. On June 26, 2009, GLE submitted a... uranium enrichment facility (the ``proposed action''). The GLE proposes to locate the facility on...

  18. Designing anthropological reflection within an energy company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løgstrup, Louise Buch; Gunn, Wendy; Said Mosleh, Wafa

    2013-01-01

    for a more bidirectional relationship between the company and their customers. During this process the company has realized that they lack knowledge about private energy end users. The company has run a demonstration project simulating the face of the electricity smart grid in private households and has used...... reflection is generated in the company through a flexible tangible scenario model of the bidirectional connection between the energy company and the users....

  19. Statistics of public electric utilities, industrial plants, and other companies in Baden-Wuerttemberg for the year 1995; Statistik der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen, Industriebetriebe und anderer Werke in Baden Wuerttemberg fuer das Jahr 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    Part one of these annual statistics contains an alphabetical index of electric utilities and of other utilities in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Part two compiles the individual results obtained by the electric utilities, by industrial plants and by other companies, and classifies them by the overall outputs of effective electrical energy. Part three compiles the overall results by presenting clearly arranged tabels and graphical representations which give the individual data of the electric utilities under review. (HS) [Deutsch] Die Jahresstatistik ist in drei Teile geteilt. Teil 1 enthaelt ein alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen (EVU) und anderer Werke in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Teil 2 enthaelt die Einzelergebnisse der EVU`s, der Industriebetriebe und der anderen Werke, jeweils geordnet nach der Hoehe der gesamten nutzbar abgegebenen elektrischen Arbeit. Teil 3 enthaelt die Gesamtergebnisse, die die Einzelangaben aller EVU`s in uebersichtlichen Tabellen und graphischen Darstellungen zusammenfasst. (HS)

  20. Statistics of public electric utilities, industrial plants, and other companies in Baden-Wuerttemberg for the year 1996; Statistik der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen, Industriebetriebe und anderer Werke in Baden-Wuerttemberg fuer das Jahr 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    Part one of these annual statistics contains an alphabetical index of electric utilities and of other utilities in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Part two compiles the individual results obtained by the electric utilities, by industrial plants and by other companies, and classifies them by the overall outputs of effective electrical energy. Part three compiles the overall results by presenting clearly arranged tables and graphical representations which give the individual data of the electric utilities under review. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Jahresstatistik ist in drei Teile geteilt. Teil 1 enthaelt ein alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen (EVU) und anderer Werke in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Teil 2 enthaelt die Einzelergebnisse der EVU`s, der Industriebetriebe und der anderen Werke, jeweils geordnet nach der Hoehe der gesamten nutzbar abgegebenen elektrischen Arbeit. Teil 3 enthaelt die Gesamtergebnisse, die die Einzelangaben aller EVU`s in uebersichtlichen Tabellen und graphischen Darstellungen zusammenfasst. (orig.)

  1. Statistics of public electric utilities, industrial plants, and other companies in Baden-Wuerttemberg for the year 1997; Statistik der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen, Industriebetriebe und anderer Werke in Baden-Wuerttemberg fuer das Jahr 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    Part one of these annual statistics contains an alphabetical index of electric utilities and of other utilities in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Part two compiles the individual results obtained by the electric utilities, by industrial plants and by other companies, and classifies them by the overall outputs of effective electrical energy. Part three compiles the overall results by presenting clearly arranged tables and graphical representations which give the individual data of the electric utilities under review. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Jahresstatistik ist in drei Teile geteilt. Teil 1 enthaelt ein alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Elektrizitaetsversorgungsunternehmen (EVU) und anderer Werke in Baden-Wuerttemberg. Teil 2 enthaelt die Einzelergebnisse der EVU`s, der Industriebetriebe und der anderen Werke, jeweils geordnet nach der Hoehe der gesamten nutzbar abgegebenen elektrischen Arbeit. Teil 3 enthaelt die Gesamtergebnisse, die die Einzelangaben aller EVU`s in uebersichtlichen Tabellen und graphischen Darstellungen zusammenfasst. (orig.)

  2. The strategic ''pull'' and operational ''push'' of total quality management in UK regional electricity service companies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McAdam, R.; McLean, J.; Henderson, J.

    2003-04-30

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether the UK regional electricity companies (RECs) has used total quality management (TQM) as a ''push'' or as a ''pull'' change methodology. ''Push'' is the operational improvement role of TQM; ''pull'' is the strategic or direction giving, improvement role of TQM. Following the onset of privatisation in 1990 there has been evidence of the RECs adopting TQM in both ''push'' and ''pull'' methodologies with varying degrees of success. An evaluation of the change processes involved will enable improved change models to be developed leading to increased business effectiveness in this 30 billion pounds sterling industry. Other possible benefits include the possible generalisations to other utilities such as water, roads, gas and telecoms. The research methodology includes a comparative case study analysis of five RECs, which have used TQM as their overarching approach to change. One of the cases is analysed to a more in-depth level based on the multiple case findings. The findings indicate that the ''push-pull'' analysis enables the full range of TQM activities to be evaluated in the RECs studied. Overall, there is a need to have a balanced portfolio of operational or ''push''-based TQM activity that is driven by strategic or ''pull'' based TQM planning and activity. (author)

  3. General Electric PETtrace cyclotron as a neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosko, Andrey

    This research investigates the use of a PETtrace cyclotron produced by General Electric (GE) as a neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). The GE PETtrace was chosen for this investigation because this type of cyclotron is popular among nuclear pharmacies and clinics in many countries; it is compact and reliable; it produces protons with energies high enough to produce neutrons with appropriate energy and fluence rate for BNCT and it does not require significant changes in design to provide neutrons. In particular, the standard PETtrace 18O target is considered. The cyclotron efficiency may be significantly increased if unused neutrons produced during radioisotopes production could be utilized for other medical modalities such as BNCT at the same time. The resulting dose from the radiation emitted from the target is evaluated using the Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNP at several depths in a brain phantom for different scattering geometries. Four different moderating materials of various thicknesses were considered: light water, carbon, heavy water, arid Fluental(TM). The fluence rate tally was used to calculate photon and neutron dose, by applying fluence rate-to-dose conversion factors. Fifteen different geometries were considered and a 30-cm thick heavy water moderator was chosen as the most suitable for BNCT with the GE PETtrace cyclotron. According to the Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor (BMRR) protocol, the maximum dose to the normal brain is set to 12.5 RBEGy, which for the conditions of using a heavy water moderator, assuming a 60 muA beam current, would be reached with a treatment time of 258 min. Results showed that using a PETtrace cyclotron in this configuration provides a therapeutic ratio of about 2.4 for depths up to 4 cm inside a brain phantom. Further increase of beam current proposed by GE should significantly improve the beam quality or the treatment time and allow treating tumors at greater depths.

  4. Radioactive waste shipments to Hanford Retrievable Storage from the General Electric Vallecitos Nuclear Center, Pleasanton, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vejvoda, E.J.; Pottmeyer, J.A.; DeLorenzo, D.S.; Weyns-Rollosson, M.I. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States); Duncan, D.R. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-10-01

    During the next two decades the transuranic (TRU) wastes now stored in the burial trenches and storage facilities at the Hanford Site are to be retrieved, processed at the Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, and shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico for final disposal. Approximately 3.8% of the TRU waste to be retrieved for shipment to WIPP was generated at the General Electric (GE) Vallecitos Nuclear Center (VNC) in Pleasanton, California and shipped to the Hanford Site for storage. The purpose of this report is to characterize these radioactive solid wastes using process knowledge, existing records, and oral history interviews. The waste was generated almost exclusively from the activities, of the Plutonium Fuels Development Laboratory and the Plutonium Analytical Laboratory. Section 2.0 provides further details of the VNC physical plant, facility operations, facility history, and current status. The solid radioactive wastes were associated with two US Atomic Energy Commission/US Department of Energy reactor programs -- the Fast Ceramic Reactor (FCR) program, and the Fast Flux Test Reactor (FFTR) program. These programs involved the fabrication and testing of fuel assemblies that utilized plutonium in an oxide form. The types and estimated quantities of waste resulting from these programs are discussed in detail in Section 3.0. A detailed discussion of the packaging and handling procedures used for the VNC radioactive wastes shipped to the Hanford Site is provided in Section 4.0. Section 5.0 provides an in-depth look at this waste including the following: weight and volume of the waste, container types and numbers, physical description of the waste, radiological components, hazardous constituents, and current storage/disposal locations.

  5. Power supply company's purchaserisk analysis under the electricity market environment%电力市场环境下供电公司的购电风险分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖耀

    2016-01-01

    在打破传统垄断式供电模式,加快向市场化转型的背景形势下,电力市场改革和市场化运作体制的逐渐形成使得供电公司迎来了新的电力市场环境,增加了新的风险类型.为了加强供电公司风险管控能力,保障电力市场稳定有序运作,本文结合电力市场环境,对供电公司购电风险类型及强化风险管控的对策进行了深入探究.%In traditional monopoly power supply mode,background to the market to accelerate the reform of the electricity market,and the market operation system gradually formed the power supply company ushered in the new electricity market environment,increase the risk of new type.In order to strengthen the power supply company risk control ability,guarantee the stability of power market orderly operation,combined with the environment of power market,the power company electricity purchase risk countermeasures and strengthen risk management in-depth inquiry.

  6. General classical and quantum-mechanical description of magnetic resonance: an application to electric-dipole-moment experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silenko, Alexander J. [Belarusian State University, Research Institute for Nuclear Problems, Minsk (Belarus); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2017-05-15

    A general theoretical description of a magnetic resonance is presented. This description is necessary for a detailed analysis of spin dynamics in electric-dipole-moment experiments in storage rings. General formulas describing a behavior of all components of the polarization vector at the magnetic resonance are obtained for an arbitrary initial polarization. These formulas are exact on condition that the nonresonance rotating field is neglected. The spin dynamics is also calculated at frequencies far from resonance with allowance for both rotating fields. A general quantum-mechanical analysis of the spin evolution at the magnetic resonance is fulfilled and the full agreement between the classical and quantum-mechanical approaches is shown. Quasimagnetic resonances for particles and nuclei moving in noncontinuous perturbing fields of accelerators and storage rings are considered. Distinguishing features of quasimagnetic resonances in storage ring electric-dipole-moment experiments are investigated in detail. The exact formulas for the effect caused by the electric dipole moment are derived. The difference between the resonance effects conditioned by the rf electric-field flipper and the rf Wien filter is found and is calculated for the first time. The existence of this difference is crucial for the establishment of a consent between analytical derivations and computer simulations and for checking spin tracking programs. The main systematical errors are considered. (orig.)

  7. Time horizons and electricity futures: An application of Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen's general theory of economic production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrell, Katharine N. [Department of Economics, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig (Germany); Gibson Institute for Land, Food and Environment, Queen' s University of Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom); Mayumi, Kozo [Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokushima (Japan)

    2009-03-15

    This paper reports theoretical economic production work and uses electricity futures trading to illustrate its argument. The focus is relationships between time, production and tradition both in Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen's analytical representation of the production process (i.e., flow/fund model) and in his dialectical scheme dealing with the evolutionary changes in the economic process. Our main arguments are (1) the flow/fund model is designed to be employed in conjunction with attention to how the boundaries of a given process are determined and (2) process boundaries are dialectical distinctions - between process and not-process - that are strongly related to time and tradition. We propose that Georgescu-Roegen's The Entropy Law and the Economic Process is best understood as the elaboration of a general theory of economic production and we developed two conceptual tools (time {open_square} and meta-funds), both of which are related to the dialectical distinction between process and not-process, which we use to operationalise this general theory. Finally, we demonstrate that, although trading in electricity futures is surprising if one uses a stock/flow vs services distinction (because electricity supply is classed as a service) it appears perfectly logical under Georgescu-Roegen's general theory: shortening time horizons, combined with a shift in the relationship between raw fuel supplies and power production procedures, lead to a shift in the status of electricity supply, from fund to flow. (author)

  8. A generalized energy model for the behavior of single-crystal magneto-electric composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atulasimha, Jayasimha; Akhras, George; Flatau, Alison B.

    2007-04-01

    This paper explores a unified energy-based approach to model the non-linear behavior of both magnetostrictive and piezoelectric materials. While the energy-approach developed by Armstrong has been shown to capture the magnetostrictive behavior of materials such as Terfenol-D1 and Iron-Gallium2 along different crystallographic directions, extending this approach to piezoelectric materials presents a considerable challenge. Some piezo-electric materials such as PMN-PT and BaTiO 3 may undergo phase changes under applied electric fields and stress in addition to polarization switching. A modeling approach is developed in this paper to capture these effects. Finally, it is shown that the constitutive behavior for the piezo-electric/magnetostrictive layers, coupled by a simple blocked-force approach, is likely to model the behavior of magneto-electric composites.

  9. Company analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jenster, Per V.; Hussey, David

    This volume looks at the company appraisal as a whole, examining the continuing need to appraise companies as part of the continuing strategy process. Building from a sound basis of theory, the text aims to be practical and to give guidance to senior managers and others involved in the strategy p...

  10. Environmental performance assessment of a company of aluminum surface treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Catieri Ramalho

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to evaluate the environmental performance of a medium-sized company that provides services for surface treatment of aluminum. The treatment is known as anodizing. The research method was qualitative numerical modeling. The environmental performance of the company was organized into five constructs: atmosphere, wastewater, energy and natural resources, solid waste, and legislation and management. Nineteen indicators were chosen to explain the five constructs. Ten employees of the company prioritized the constructs and evaluated the situation of the indicators by means of a scale of assessment. By means of a mathematical model, the general performance of the environmental operation was calculated at 74.5% of the maximum possible. The indicators that most contributed to the performance not to reach 100% were consumption of electricity and water consumption. The construct of worse performance was natural and energy resources. These are the priorities for future environmental improvement actions that the company may promote.

  11. Manufacturing cost analysis of a parabolic dish concentrator (General Electric design) for solar thermal electric power systems in selected production volumes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    The manufacturing cost of a General Electric 12 meter diameter concentrator was estimated. This parabolic dish concentrator for solar thermal system was costed in annual production volumes of 100 - 1,000 - 5,000 - 10,000 - 50,000 100,000 - 400,000 and 1,000,000 units. Presented for each volume are the costs of direct labor, material, burden, tooling, capital equipment and buildings. Also presented is the direct labor personnel and factory space requirements. All costs are based on early 1981 economics.

  12. Co-combustion of refuse derived fuel and coal in a cyclone furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C. P. Crane Station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-03-01

    A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a prohibition order to convert from No. 6 oil to coal; as a result, it was desirable to demonstrate that RDF, which has a low sulfur content, can be burned in combination with coals containing up to 2% sulfur, thus reducing overall sulfur emissions without deleterious effects. Each furnace consists of four cyclones capable of generating 1,360,000 pounds per hour steam. The tertiary air inlet of one of the cyclones was modified with an adapter to permit fluff RDF to be pneumatically blown into the cyclone. At the same time, coal was fed into the cyclone furnace through the normal coal feeding duct, where it entered the burning chamber tangentially and mixed with the RDF during the burning process. Secondary shredded fluff RDF was prepared by the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility. The RDF was discharged into a receiving station consisting of a belt conveyor discharging into a lump breaker, which in turn, fed the RDF into a pneumatic line through an air-lock feeder. A total of 2316 tons were burned at an average rate of 5.6 tons per hour. The average heat replacement by RDF for the cyclone was 25%, based on Btu input for a period of forty days. The range of RDF burned was from 3 to 10 tons per hour, or 7 to 63% heat replacement. The average analysis of the RDF (39 samples) for moisture, ash, heat (HHV) and sulfur content were 18.9%, 13.4%, 6296 Btu/lb and 0.26% respectively. RDF used in the test was secondary shredded through 1-1/2 inch grates producing the particle size distribution of from 2 inches to .187 inches. Findings to date after inspection of the boiler and superheater indicate satisfactory results with no deleterious effects from the RDF.

  13. Evaluation on Market Power of Generation Companies in Regional Electricity Market Based on Principal Component Analysis%基于主成分分析的区域电力市场厂商市场力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李泓泽; 王宝; 郭森

    2011-01-01

    电力工业特殊性决定了电力市场中发电市场属于寡头垄断市场,发电商或多或少拥有一定的市场力.在对厂商市场力影响因素进行详细分析的基础上,探讨并构建了区域电力市场厂商市场力主要评估指标.以IEEE30节点区域电力市场某一交易时段为例,基于经济调度,应用主成分分析方法,对市场中6个发电商的市场力水平进行了综合评估.结果表明各厂商市场力水平各异;各评估指标对市场力水平均有较大的影响,为市场监管及运营部门对厂商市场力识别、评估和控制提供了一定的依据和参考.%The specificity of power industry determines that the power generation market in electricity market belongs to an oligopoly market in which each generation company more or less possesses certain market power. On the basis of detailed analysis on the factors that influence the market power of generation companies, major evaluation indices for market power of generation companies in regional electricity market are discussed and established. By taking a transaction period in a regional electricity market of IEEE30-bus power system as an instance, this paper comprehensively evaluates market power levels of six generation companies by using of principal component analysis method based on economic dispatching. Results show that market power level of each company is different and that all evaluation indices affect market power level greatly. The works in this paper will provide certain basis and references for market regulators and operators to identify, evaluate and control market power of generation companies.

  14. General Relationship between Field Electrical Resistivity Value (ERV and Basic Geotechnical Properties (BGP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Hazreek Zainal Abidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Electrical resistivity technique is a popular alternative method used in geotechnical soil investigations. Most past applications have been particularly in the area of subsurface ground investigations such as to locate boulder, bedrock, water table, etc. Traditionally, this method was performed by a geophysicist expert for data acquisition, processing and interpretation. The final outcome from the electrical resistivity technique was an anomaly image which used to describe and conclude the particular soil condition measured. The anomalies highlighted uncertainties on the nature of soil that was often variable and depended on each particular site condition that gave a site dependent soil electrical resistivity value (ERV. Hence, this study demonstrates a relationship between ERV (ρ and some of the basic geotechnical properties (BGP such as soil moisture content (w, grain size of geomaterial (CS or FS, density (ρbulk and ρdry, porosity (η, void ratio (e and Atterberg limit (AL. Different soil samples were collected and tested under field and laboratory conditions to determine basic geotechnical properties immediately after the field electrical resistivity method was performed. It was found that the electrical resistivity value was different for number of soils tested and was relatively subjective to variations in the geotechnical properties. In other words, electrical resistivity value was greatly influenced by the geotechnical properties as the ERV was higher due to the lower moisture content, void ratio and porosity with a higher value of soil density and vice versa. The relationship of ERV and BGP can be described by ρ α 1/w, ρ α CS, ρ α 1/FS, ρ α ρbulk/dry and ρ α 1/AL. Hence, it was shown that behaviour of ERV was significantly influenced by the variation of basic soil properties and thus applicable to support and enhance the conventional stand alone anomaly outcome which is traditionally used for interpretation purposes.

  15. Project of law modified by the Senate relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the electric and gas companies; Projet de loi modifie par le Senat relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This project of law aims to adapt the electricity and gas sector to the new economical context of opening of the energy markets to competition. It gives to energy companies the internal organization base necessary to warrant a high level of service and a transparent and non-discriminatory access of third parties to transport and distribution networks. These evolutions will allow Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) companies to compete on equal terms with their European competitors. It confirms first the prime role of public utility of both companies and then transposes the dispositions of the European directives relative to the organization of EdF and GdF integrated companies. It foresees the creation of two daughter companies for the management of energy transport activities. The project of law foresees also the change of the status of EdF and GdF companies and the reform of the retirement pensions of the personnel. This report presents the modifications added by the Senate to the text of law adopted at first reading by the House of Commons. (J.S.)

  16. Electric power monthly, May 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Statistics by company and plant are published on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  17. THE MANAGEMENT OF FINANCIAL CRISES IN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEPADAT ELENA DOINA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Management control in corporate governance is the main modality to prevent insolvency through the company`s own internal means. The main modality through which the participation in the General Shareholders Meeting. The shareholders can also get involved individually in the mechanisms of the company, the law entitling them to a series of rights regarding access to information, control of the company`s administration and even triggering the alert.

  18. The generalization of A. E. Kennelly theory of complex representation of the electrical quantities in sinusoidal periodic regime to the one and three-phase electric quantities in non-sinusoidal periodic regime

    CERN Document Server

    Mihai, Gheorghe

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, a new mathematical method of electrical circuits calculus is proposed based on the theory of the complex linear operators in matrix form. The newly proposed method generalizes the theory of complex representation of electrical quantities in sinusoidal periodic regime to the non-sinusoidal periodic regime.

  19. A General Formula for Ion Concentration-Dependent Electrical Conductivities in Polymer Electrolytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahardika P. Aji

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this study is to develop a model for describing the effect of ion concentration on the electrical conductivity of polymer electrolytes by considering two mechanisms simultaneously: Enhancements of ion concentration and amorphous phase. Approach: The problems based on new observations in polymer electrolyte when ion concentration in the polymer electrolytes was increased, both the fraction of amorphous phase and the charge carriers increase simultaneously. The model was based on the assumption when ions were inserted into the polymer host, there was an optimum distance between ions at which the ions move easily throughout the polymer. The average distance between ions in the polymer depends on the ion concentration. And we also considered the effect of ion concentration on the amorphous phase in the polymer. Results: We inspected the validity of the model by comparing the model predictions with various experimental data. The new analytical expressions for the electrical conductivity dependent of ion concentration was developed by considering two mechanisms simultaneously in polymer electrolytes, i.e., enhancement of the carries concentration and amorphous phase fraction. Interestingly, most of fitting parameters were not arbitrarily selected, but were derived from the appropriate experimental data. Conclusion: The model can be used to explain the conductivity behavior of other polymer electrolyte systems by selecting appropriately less number of parameters. This model result is fully supported by available experimental data.

  20. On Expanding Marketing Channels of International General Contract Project of Electric Power Equipment%电力设备国际总包项目营销渠道拓展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙源

    2014-01-01

    With the continuously growing of comprehensive strength of power equipment enterprises in China, the competitiveness of the enterprise in the international market improves gradually, international general contract becomes the main forms of the development of international marketing. Because international marketing of power companies starts late in China, electrical equipment companies need to win recognition of enterprises in the international market, thereby increasing market share of international general contract project.%随着我国电力设备企业综合实力的不断增强,企业在国际市场中的竞争力逐步提升,国际总承包成为当前企业国际营销发展的主要形式。但由于我国电力企业国际营销起步较晚,电力设备企业需要赢得国际市场对企业的认可,从而增加企业获得国际总包项目的市场份额。

  1. Company analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jenster, Per V.; Hussey, David

    This volume looks at the company appraisal as a whole, examining the continuing need to appraise companies as part of the continuing strategy process. Building from a sound basis of theory, the text aims to be practical and to give guidance to senior managers and others involved in the strategy...... process. It is thus a book primarily aimed at managers, but should also be useful for MBA students undertaking strategy assignments It provides helpful, practical guidance and identifies weaknesses of traditional methods. It also presents a variety of tools which may be used in the appraisal process...

  2. Fuel cells. Dow Chemical and General Motors join in to produce 35 MW of electricity by 2010; Piles a combustible. Dow Chemical et General Motors s'associent pour produire 35 MW d'electricite en 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrigues, A.

    2003-08-01

    The two US multinational companies Dow Chemical and General Motors are jointly working for the implementation of one of the hugest project of power generation with fuel cells. Its originality concerns the recovery of the hydrogen generated by chemical processes. Short paper. (J.S.)

  3. Metodología matemática para la predicción de eventos de falla, en empresas dedicadas a la generación de energía eléctrica; Mathematical Methodology for the Prediction of Failures for Companies Dedicated to the Electric Power Generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grabiel A Carrillo Ramos

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Se muestra de forma sencilla y general, cómo es posible llevar a cabo la modelación matemática delcomportamiento de los activos físicos de las empresas, dedicadas al negocio de la producción de energíaeléctrica. Cuando las empresas han alcanzado un cierto grado de madurez, están en condiciones de aplicar laingeniería necesaria para cuidar adecuadamente sus activos, y obtener de ellos su mejor rendimiento, en cuantoa vida útil, mejorando así la tasa de rendimiento de la inversión (ROI por sus siglas en inglés . Los ahorros enrecursos, que se obtienen con la aplicación de esta herramienta, permiten a las empresas mantener sanas susfinanzas y una tendencia, en cuanto a crecimiento, enmarcadas por la eficiencia. This paper shows in a simple and general way, like it is posible to take I finish the mathematical modelation of thebehavior for assets in a companies dedicated to the electric power generation. When the companies havereached a certain degree of maturity, they are in possibility to applying the necessary engineering to take care theassets appropiately, in this moment are presented the possibility to obtain the best yield, for the useful life. Withthis, they are in the best rate of the investment, for english initials ROI. The savings in resources that areobtained with the application of this tools, allow to the companies to maintain healthy finances and tendency in agrowth, framed by the efficiency. 

  4. Generalizing the correlated chromophore domain model of reversible photodegradation to include the effects of an applied electric field

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    All observations of photodegradation and self healing follow the predictions of the correlated chromophore domain model. [Ramini et.al. Polym. Chem., 2013, 4, 4948.] In the present work, we generalize the domain model to describe the effects of an electric field by including induced dipole interactions between molecules in a domain by means of a self-consistent field approach. This electric field correction is added to the statistical mechanical model to calculate the distribution of domains that are central to healing. Also included in the model are the dynamics due to the formation of an irreversibly damaged species. As in previous studies, the model with a one-dimensional domain best explains all experimental data of the population as a function of time, temperature, intensity, concentration, and now applied electric field. Though the nature of a domain is yet to be determined, the fact that only one-dimensional domain models are consistent with observations suggests that they might be made of correlated d...

  5. Signing Ceremony Between CAS and Schneider Electric Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ On April 9, 2008, a strategic cooperation signing ceremony between the China Association for Stan-dardization (CAS) and Schneider Electric took place at the Diao Yutai Guest Hotel in Beijing. Attending the signing ceremony were Mr Sun Xiaokang, Duty Director of SAC, Mr. Ma Lingcong, Secretary General of CAS, Mr. Noel Girard, Schneider Electric Marketing Director, Mr. Guy Dufrdi sse, Chairman of Schneider Electric (China) and more than twenty high-ranking managers from both companies.

  6. Company profile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Datacon was founded in 1986 and, since the beginning of 2005, has been part of the Dutch Besi group (BE Semiconductor Industries N.V.), an international group of companies operating in the semiconductor industry. Besi is a leading manufacturer of semiconductor die sorting, die bonding, packaging and plating equipment and provides the most cost efficient solution for RFID inlay production.

  7. INNOVATION IN BRAZILIAN SMALL COMPANIES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rodrigues, Tonny Kerley de Alencar; Lira, Átila De Melo; Naas, Irenilza De Alencar

    2015-01-01

    .... And the data confirms that small Brazilian companies generally have difficulties to sell their innovations. Keywords: innovation, small enterprises, patents. 1. INTRODUCTION Companies worldwide are looking to technological innovation as feasible for your market expansion (BURNS; STALKER, 1961; NELSON, 1993) alternative. In Brazil, the change an...

  8. 75 FR 22689 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... No. 11 to the Treasury Department Circular 570, 2009 Revision, published July 1, 2009, at 74 FR 31536... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial... following company: Regent Insurance Company (NAIC 24449) Business Address: One General Drive, Sun...

  9. 77 FR 25349 - Mutual Insurance Holding Company Treated as Insurance Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... the Dodd- Frank Act with the treatment of such companies under state insurance company insolvency laws... or affiliate of such company that is , shall be conducted as provided under applicable State law..., under applicable state laws, a mutual insurance holding company generally is prohibited from selling...

  10. Analysis of electricity price in Danish competitive electricity market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Weihao; Chen, Zhe; Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    electricity markets in some ways, is chosen as the studied power system. 10 year actual data from the Danish competitive electricity market are collected and analyzed. The relationship among the electricity price (both the spot price and the regulation price), the consumption and the wind power generation...... in an electricity market is investigated in this paper. The spot price and the regulation price generally decrease when the wind power penetration in the power system increases or the consumption of the power system decreases. The statistical characteristics of the spot price and the regulation price for different...... consumption periods and wind power penetration are analyzed. Simulation results show that the findings of this paper are useful for wind power generation companies to make the optimal bidding strategy so that the imbalance cost of trading wind power on the electricity market could be reduced....

  11. 75 FR 15704 - Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation, Complainants v. Virginia Electric and Power Company, Respondent; Notice of Complaint March 23...), Old Dominion Electric Cooperative and North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation...

  12. Asymmetric kinetic equilibria: Generalization of the BAS model for rotating magnetic profile and non-zero electric field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorville, Nicolas; Belmont, Gérard; Aunai, Nicolas; Dargent, Jérémy; Rezeau, Laurence

    2015-09-01

    Finding kinetic equilibria for non-collisional/collisionless tangential current layers is a key issue as well for their theoretical modeling as for our understanding of the processes that disturb them, such as tearing or Kelvin Helmholtz instabilities. The famous Harris equilibrium [E. Harris, Il Nuovo Cimento Ser. 10 23, 115-121 (1962)] assumes drifting Maxwellian distributions for ions and electrons, with constant temperatures and flow velocities; these assumptions lead to symmetric layers surrounded by vacuum. This strongly particular kind of layer is not suited for the general case: asymmetric boundaries between two media with different plasmas and different magnetic fields. The standard method for constructing more general kinetic equilibria consists in using Jeans theorem, which says that any function depending only on the Hamiltonian constants of motion is a solution to the steady Vlasov equation [P. J. Channell, Phys. Fluids (1958-1988) 19, 1541 (1976); M. Roth et al., Space Sci. Rev. 76, 251-317 (1996); and F. Mottez, Phys. Plasmas 10, 1541-1545 (2003)]. The inverse implication is however not true: when using the motion invariants as variables instead of the velocity components, the general stationary particle distributions keep on depending explicitly of the position, in addition to the implicit dependence introduced by these invariants. The standard approach therefore strongly restricts the class of solutions to the problem and probably does not select the most physically reasonable. The BAS (Belmont-Aunai-Smets) model [G. Belmont et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 022108 (2012)] used for the first time the concept of particle accessibility to find new solutions: considering the case of a coplanar-antiparallel magnetic field configuration without electric field, asymmetric solutions could be found while the standard method can only lead to symmetric ones. These solutions were validated in a hybrid simulation [N. Aunai et al., Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 20

  13. Asymmetric kinetic equilibria: Generalization of the BAS model for rotating magnetic profile and non-zero electric field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorville, Nicolas, E-mail: nicolas.dorville@lpp.polytechnique.fr; Belmont, Gérard; Aunai, Nicolas; Dargent, Jérémy; Rezeau, Laurence [LPP, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris Sud, Palaiseau (France)

    2015-09-15

    Finding kinetic equilibria for non-collisional/collisionless tangential current layers is a key issue as well for their theoretical modeling as for our understanding of the processes that disturb them, such as tearing or Kelvin Helmholtz instabilities. The famous Harris equilibrium [E. Harris, Il Nuovo Cimento Ser. 10 23, 115–121 (1962)] assumes drifting Maxwellian distributions for ions and electrons, with constant temperatures and flow velocities; these assumptions lead to symmetric layers surrounded by vacuum. This strongly particular kind of layer is not suited for the general case: asymmetric boundaries between two media with different plasmas and different magnetic fields. The standard method for constructing more general kinetic equilibria consists in using Jeans theorem, which says that any function depending only on the Hamiltonian constants of motion is a solution to the steady Vlasov equation [P. J. Channell, Phys. Fluids (1958–1988) 19, 1541 (1976); M. Roth et al., Space Sci. Rev. 76, 251–317 (1996); and F. Mottez, Phys. Plasmas 10, 1541–1545 (2003)]. The inverse implication is however not true: when using the motion invariants as variables instead of the velocity components, the general stationary particle distributions keep on depending explicitly of the position, in addition to the implicit dependence introduced by these invariants. The standard approach therefore strongly restricts the class of solutions to the problem and probably does not select the most physically reasonable. The BAS (Belmont-Aunai-Smets) model [G. Belmont et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 022108 (2012)] used for the first time the concept of particle accessibility to find new solutions: considering the case of a coplanar-antiparallel magnetic field configuration without electric field, asymmetric solutions could be found while the standard method can only lead to symmetric ones. These solutions were validated in a hybrid simulation [N. Aunai et al., Phys. Plasmas (1994-present

  14. Diagnostic Process of Company Productivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emese Tokarˇcíková

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with an actual topic of how key factors of enterprise diagnostics can help to increase company productivity. Recognition and use of relevant internal and external information in this field determines the success of the enterprise. Application of the general diagnostic model of company productivity to the net income has been a frequent problem of company practice. This problem is of profit showing, which is an inevitable precondition for long-term company development and growth. Diagnostic access of company productivity allows recognition of specific problems in greater detail, which results from the activity of each company. This article also presents an introduction to the researched area of enterprise diagnostics, which opens opportunities for other publishing activities and can lead to information exchange.

  15. 国华电力公司技术标准体系结构图的研究与应用%On the Research and Application of Technical Standard System Structure Chart of Guohua Electric Power Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈创社

    2012-01-01

    通过对神华集团技术标准管理办法,国家电力行业有关标准要求和国华电力公司生产经营特点进行分析,提出了目标明确、全面成套、层次恰当、划分清楚的国华电力公司技术标准体系层次结构图,探讨了结构图中13个标准模块与神华集团技术标准体系17个模块的对应关系,举例说明了应用本结构图编制技术标准体系表时“就上不就下,就前不就后”的归类原则。%Upon the analysis of technical standard management method of Shenhua Group, relevant standard requirement of the country and electric power industry, and production and management features of Guohua Electric Power Company, the paper puts forward technical standard system hierarchical chart of Guohua Electric Power Company which is well-targeted, completed and fully, properly arranged and clearly divided. The paper also discusses the corresponding relationship between thirteen standard modules in structure chart and seventeen modules in technical standard system of Shenhua Group, and illustrates the classification principle of "would rather choose the upper than the bottom, and that the front than the rear" while using the structure chart to working out technical standard system diagram.

  16. Efficient Management Mode Building of Electric Power Company Marketing Inspection%高效的电力营销稽查管理模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余向前; 王林信; 梁颖; 文小兰; 周丹妮

    2013-01-01

    营销稽查是电力营销工作内部控制约束机制的重要环节。由于目前中国电力企业的营销稽查工作仍然存在很多问题,因此从管理方式、管理制度、管理内容和管理手段四个方面系统性地研究如何构建高效的电力营销稽查管理模式,可以有效提高稽查管理水平。在稽查系统内施行垂直管理,同时构建电力营销稽查、电费计算和电价监管“三位一体”的稽查管理模式能够充分发挥电力营销稽查的作用,形成有利于规范、高效、有序稽核管理的长效机制。%Marketing audit is the electric power marketing work the important link of the internal control constraint mechanism.Because at present our country electric power enterprise’s marketing audit work still exists many problems,so the management mode,management system,management content and management means four aspects systematically to study how to build the efficient mode of electric power marketing inspection management,audit management level can be effectively improved.In auditing system of vertical management,the calculation and construction of electric power marketing inspection,electricity price regulation“the trinity”audit management mode can give full play to the role of the electric power marketing inspection,to standard,efficient and orderly audit management of long-term mechanism.

  17. A definition model of electric power tariff based on marginal cost: case study at CERON - the electric company of Rondonia, Brazil; Um modelo de definicao de tarifa de energia eletrica baseada no custo marginal: estudo de caso na CERON - Centrais Eletricas de Rondonia, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Domiciano, Jose Antonio

    2002-07-01

    The present competition circumstances (ambient) require enterprises (companies or undertaking) like CERON to have understanding of all conditions to propose tariffs which give correct signal the consumers. Objective. Thus, search for valuations of model to define the tariff of electric energy based on marginal cost though a study in case of CERON. Method. Develop an investigation of a model of definition of tariffs of electric energy based on marginal costs to start the study in case of CERON and followed by analysis of its tariff structure. Results. With application of the signal (sign or indication) of tariffs, can measure the degree of separation of tariffs and to propose new modalities of alternate tariffs which offer conditions to reflect the real form of costs imposed by clients who form subgroups of tariffs of CERON. With final results, it offers parameters to trace (seek) important strategy for the company. Conclusion: The model gives condition's to identify and quantify of subsidies inside the tariff structure. It is a base which permits to create alternatives to resolve tariff distortions. It permits to have a better understanding which category (class) of consumers who are free will try to seek companies with tariffs which reflect really its costs. (author)

  18. Formulation of a projection model of electric power demand applied to isolated systems in natural development: the case of the brazilian electric company of Rondonia territory; Formulacao de um modelo de projecao de demanda de energia eletrica aplicado a sistemas isolados em desenvolvimento natural: o caso da CERON - Centrais Eletricas de Rondonia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dourado, Rosana Aparecida

    2004-07-01

    The Electricity inserts it self more than other services in the economy and in the Brasilian society resulting an increase of market of electrical energy more than that of economy e consequently in the national energy bases. Given the importance of the definition of the demand of electrical energy inside the development process of a region, the objective of this dissertation is to propose a model of forecasting energy demand applied to a small scale utility. With basing on the foundation that the electrical energy demand varies accordingly with the region, social levels and economical conditions and also the activities developed, the method utilized was a definition of a set of representative variables in this context, using the relation between the population an the number of residential consumers; consumption per residential consumer and the consumption structure of the residential segment over the total demand. The results with the application of the model utilizing this philosophy of the technique of modeling scenes, permitted the definition of electrical energy demand for the market of the Brazilian electric company CERON S.A. like a case study. (author)

  19. 营销稽查自定义主题在秦皇岛电力公司的应用实践%Application practice of marketing audit customer self-defined theme in Qinhuangdao Electric Power Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵远; 王亚强; 李永锋; 夏岩; 李志刚

    2013-01-01

    Electric power marketing inspection, as one of the core work for power supply enterprise realizes loss reduction and benefits increasing. Qinhuangdao power company inspection section user-defined three auditing topics, information for enterprise work ef-ficiency, combined with the characteristics of marketing work status, and power consumption of electric power customer to customize the basic electricity charge unusual topic, customer small power subject, the utilization rate of transformer is lower than 30%subject, such as play a marketing audit supervisory system and the SG186 system management, standardize the order of the power supply management.%  电力营销稽查是供电企业实现堵漏增收、降损增效的核心工作之一。秦皇岛电力公司稽查信息室针对企业增效工作,结合营销工作现状和电力客户用电特点自定义了基本电费收取异常主题、客户小电量主题、客户变压器利用率低于30%主题等3个稽查主题,发挥营销稽查监控系统和SG186系统的管理作用,规范了供用电管理秩序。

  20. A hybrid approach based on ANP, ELECTRE and SIMANP metaheuristic method for outsourcing manufacturing procedures according to supply chain risks - Case study: A medical equipment manufacturer company in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiwa Farughi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays enterprises should consider seeking to reduce the supply chain risks as a crucial part of their activities in order to improve their competitiveness in the international context. Choosing the suitable strategy in connection with assigning some parts of the production process to outside the organization is a complex multi-criteria decision making problem and it gets more complicated when supply chain risk factors as the factors to select the strategy as well as dependence and the close ties between these criteria also be considered. In this paper, after the identification of risks in the supply chain of a medical equipment manufacturer company, dependence and ties between criteria in line with choosing the best strategy among existing alternatives has been examined in the form of a combined ANP-ELECTRE method. This combined model is of high performance to give a solution to the problem considered in this paper. But given the complex and time consuming nature of the AHP and ELECTRE, in this study a meta-heuristic algorithm is developed called SIMANP that despite the simplicity of computing and high-speed, is good in the terms of precision and efficiency. The results of comparing SIMANP algorithm and the proposed ANP - ELECTRE method are presented at the end.

  1. Optimal Topology and Experimental Evaluation of Piezoelectric Materials for Actively Shunted General Electric Polymer Matrix Fiber Composite Blades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Benjamin B.; Duffy, Kirsten; Kauffman, Jeffrey L.; Kray, Nicholas

    2012-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center, in collaboration with GE Aviation, has begun the development of a smart adaptive structure system with piezoelectric (PE) transducers to improve composite fan blade damping at resonances. Traditional resonant damping approaches may not be realistic for rotating frame applications such as engine blades. The limited space in which the blades reside in the engine makes it impossible to accommodate the circuit size required to implement passive resonant damping. Thus, a novel digital shunt scheme has been developed to replace the conventional electric passive shunt circuits. The digital shunt dissipates strain energy through the load resistor on a power amplifier. General Electric (GE) designed and fabricated a variety of polymer matrix fiber composite (PMFC) test specimens. Investigating the optimal topology of PE sensors and actuators for each test specimen has revealed the best PE transducer location for each target mode. Also a variety of flexible patches, which can conform to the blade surface, have been tested to identify the best performing PE patch. The active damping control achieved significant performance at target modes. This work has been highlighted by successful spin testing up to 5000 rpm of subscale GEnx composite blades in Glenn s Dynamic Spin Rig.

  2. SAFER - Company Snapshot - SAFER - Company Snapshot

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Company Snapshot is a concise electronic record of company identification, size, commodity information, and safety record, including the safety rating (if any),...

  3. The "Forgotten" Pseudomomenta and Gauge Changes in Generalized Landau Level Problems: Spatially Nonuniform Magnetic and Temporally Varying Electric Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinou, Georgios; Moulopoulos, Konstantinos

    2017-05-01

    By perceiving gauge invariance as an analytical tool in order to get insight into the states of the "generalized Landau problem" (a charged quantum particle moving inside a magnetic, and possibly electric field), and motivated by an early article that correctly warns against a naive use of gauge transformation procedures in the usual Landau problem (i.e. with the magnetic field being static and uniform), we first show how to bypass the complications pointed out in that article by solving the problem in full generality through gauge transformation techniques in a more appropriate manner. Our solution provides in simple and closed analytical forms all Landau Level-wavefunctions without the need to specify a particular vector potential. This we do by proper handling of the so-called pseudomomentum ěc {{K}} (or of a quantity that we term pseudo-angular momentum L z ), a method that is crucially different from the old warning argument, but also from standard treatments in textbooks and in research literature (where the usual Landau-wavefunctions are employed - labeled with canonical momenta quantum numbers). Most importantly, we go further by showing that a similar procedure can be followed in the more difficult case of spatially-nonuniform magnetic fields: in such case we define ěc {{K}} and L z as plausible generalizations of the previous ordinary case, namely as appropriate line integrals of the inhomogeneous magnetic field - our method providing closed analytical expressions for all stationary state wavefunctions in an easy manner and in a broad set of geometries and gauges. It can thus be viewed as complementary to the few existing works on inhomogeneous magnetic fields, that have so far mostly focused on determining the energy eigenvalues rather than the corresponding eigenkets (on which they have claimed that, even in the simplest cases, it is not possible to obtain in closed form the associated wavefunctions). The analytical forms derived here for these

  4. The "Forgotten" Pseudomomenta and Gauge Changes in Generalized Landau Level Problems: Spatially Nonuniform Magnetic and Temporally Varying Electric Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinou, Georgios; Moulopoulos, Konstantinos

    2017-02-01

    By perceiving gauge invariance as an analytical tool in order to get insight into the states of the "generalized Landau problem" (a charged quantum particle moving inside a magnetic, and possibly electric field), and motivated by an early article that correctly warns against a naive use of gauge transformation procedures in the usual Landau problem (i.e. with the magnetic field being static and uniform), we first show how to bypass the complications pointed out in that article by solving the problem in full generality through gauge transformation techniques in a more appropriate manner. Our solution provides in simple and closed analytical forms all Landau Level-wavefunctions without the need to specify a particular vector potential. This we do by proper handling of the so-called pseudomomentum ěc {{K}} (or of a quantity that we term pseudo-angular momentum L z ), a method that is crucially different from the old warning argument, but also from standard treatments in textbooks and in research literature (where the usual Landau-wavefunctions are employed - labeled with canonical momenta quantum numbers). Most importantly, we go further by showing that a similar procedure can be followed in the more difficult case of spatially-nonuniform magnetic fields: in such case we define ěc {{K}} and L z as plausible generalizations of the previous ordinary case, namely as appropriate line integrals of the inhomogeneous magnetic field - our method providing closed analytical expressions for all stationary state wavefunctions in an easy manner and in a broad set of geometries and gauges. It can thus be viewed as complementary to the few existing works on inhomogeneous magnetic fields, that have so far mostly focused on determining the energy eigenvalues rather than the corresponding eigenkets (on which they have claimed that, even in the simplest cases, it is not possible to obtain in closed form the associated wavefunctions). The analytical forms derived here for these

  5. Portfolio optimization in electricity markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Min [Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550003 (China); Wu, Felix F. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong (China)

    2007-06-15

    In a competitive electricity market, Generation companies (Gencos) face price risk and delivery risk that affect their profitability. Risk management is an important and essential part in the Genco's decision making. In this paper, risk management through diversification is considered. The problem of energy allocation between spot markets and bilateral contracts is formulated as a general portfolio optimization problem with a risk-free asset and n risky assets. Historical data of the PJM electricity market are used to demonstrate the approach. (author)

  6. A Multi-Period Electricity Purchasing Model for Power Supply Company%基于时变Copula的供电公司多期购电组合优化模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宗益; 亢娅丽; 郭兴磊

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the power supply company's electricity purchasing problems in an open market ( e. g. medium and long-term contract market and spot market) where power can be freely traded. Owing to the high volatility of electricity price, the power supply company must purchase electricity from different markets to spread price risk based on financial investment portfolio theory. Most of previous literatures mainly research ona power supply company's single-phase decision-making process. However, the decision-making process is a typical multi-phase problem. As the decision made in one stage may influence the decision and profit in the next stage, we need to consider the multi-phase circumstance in order to optimize the risk of accumulated return. It is important to estimate and simulate the loss distribution function of asset portfolio when measuring the risk of accumulated return since the relationships among multiple variables are characterized by their joint distribution. Therefore, we need to carefully analyze the correlation between electric assets before considering the power market's portfolio strategy. Most of the previous literatures assert that price sequence follows a normal distribution and measures the correlation between electric power assets using linear correlation coefficient. Other studies show that thick tail and heteroscedasticity are typical phenomena in the price return series data. This strong nonlinear characteristic between power assets makes it difficult to use linear correlation coefficient to properly describe their relationships. Fortunately, Copula function can be used to describe the non-linear correlation structure between assets. Based on the above analysis, we establish amulti-phase power purchasing model which takes the maximum expected accumulated return and the minimum risk measured by dynamic coherent risk function as objectives. We adopt the time-variation SJC Copula -(GARCH-T, GARCH-GED) model to fit and simulate a series

  7. Práticas de Disclosure Voluntário das Empresas do Setor Elétrico: Uma Análise a Partir do Modelo de Murcia = Voluntary disclosure practices of electricity sector companies: an analysis through murcia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Lucimar da Silva

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo identificar as principais práticas de disclosure voluntário das empresas do setor elétrico, listadas na BM&FBOVESPA, e criar um ranking de maiores níveis de divulgação voluntária entre estas empresas. Neste intuito, elaborou-se uma métrica composta por 6 (seis categorias e 39 (trinta e nove subcategorias: ambiente de negócios (8, atividade operacional (7, aspectos estratégicos (8, informações financeiras (5, índices financeiros (4 e governança corporativa (7. Utilizando a técnica de análise de conteúdo, a pesquisa foi realizada a partir das Demonstrações Financeiras Padronizadas (DFP, do exercício findo em 2010 das empresas do setor elétrico, listadas na BM&FBOVESPA. A amostra totalizou as 66 empresas (100% do segmento econômico Utilidade Pública / Energia Elétrica. Contudo, apenas 65 companhias puderam ser analisadas, devido à ausência de publicação das informações até a data de término da pesquisa. As empresas, que compõem o ranking das melhores práticas de disclosure voluntário, são: Copel; Cemig; Cemig Distribuição e Eletrobrás. As informações com maior nível de evidenciação são: principais mercados de atuação (62, principais acionistas (61 e identificação dos riscos do negócio (59. Os itens menos divulgados foram: indicadores de liquidez (5, projeções (6, perspectivas de novos mercados que a empresa pretende atuar (6 e discussão da concorrência (7. Na análise dos dados ficou evidente a grande variabilidade quanto ao nível de disclosure voluntário das empresas do setor elétrico. Algumas empresas evidenciam um número significativo de informações, enquanto outras se atentaram apenas em cumprir o que é exigido por lei e divulgam poucas informações de forma voluntária.This research aims at identifying the main practices of voluntary disclosure of electricity sector companies listed at BM&FBOVESPA, and create a ranking of higher levels of voluntary

  8. 电网企业科技项目后评价指标体系研究%Study on Post Evaluation Index System for the Scientific and Technological Projects in Electric Power Grid Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡巨; 曾艳; 钟万里; 肖小清

    2012-01-01

    介绍了科技项目后评价研究的意义,将电力企业科技项目进行分类,介绍了电力企业建立科技项目指标体系的原则及确定的依据。以实际项目为例,具体阐述了电力企业科技项目在项目管理、项目效果、经济效益评价和综合评价等方面进行定量评价的方法。%The paper discussed the Significance of the study on the post evaluation for scientific and technological projects,then a classification system for scientific and technological projects in electric power grid companies was designed.Finally,after the introduction of the principles and the basis for constructing post evaluation index system,a quantitative evaluation method for the project management evaluation,effectiveness and benefit evaluation and Comprehensive Evaluation on scientific and technological projects was introduced in this paper by an example of a finished scientific and technological project in Guangdong Power Grid Company.

  9. Utility Companies First Year in NABS Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recchia, Louis

    1970-01-01

    An evaluative survey of cooperative disadvantaged training by business and government in 11 gas and electric companies associated with the National Alliance of Businessmen (NAB). Questionnaire; five tables. (LY)

  10. Design and Application of Directory and Authentication Service System in Electric Power Company%电力企业中目录认证服务系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾杨青; 景栋盛; 周堃

    2014-01-01

    目录认证服务系统是江苏省电力公司企业级信息化集成一体化平台的重要组成部分,为江苏省电力公司企业门户、财务、物资、项目等各类应用系统提供了用户认证、账号管理、单点登录等基础支撑服务。本文介绍了江苏省电力公司目录认证服务系统的设计思路、功能模块和安全管理机制,为电力行业信息化建设提供了有益参考。%As the progress if information construction and the construction requirement of integration platform, the original directory is needed to be changed. The directory and authentication system is an important part of information integration platform of Jiangsu Electric Power Company. It provides lots of infrastructural services for enterprise portal, current business applications and mature software suite and loose coupling business applications, such as authentication, provision of user account, single sign-on. This paper describes development and present status of the service system of directory and authentication of Jiangsu Electric Power Company. The deployment of directory and authentication design is also discussed in the paper. New thinking and advice about construction of directory and authentication system are proposed finally.

  11. 解放军总医院群体工程电气设计%Electrical Design of General Hospital of PLA Project Hospital of PLA Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王漪; 涂路; 奚传栋

    2013-01-01

      本文从供电可靠性、安全用电、绿色建筑等角度简要介绍了解放军总医院群体工程强电专业设计的特点。%This article describes the characteristics of electrical design of General Hospital of PLA Project, such as the reliability of power supply , electrical safety and green buildings.

  12. Final report on the Pacific Gas and Electric Company's notice of intention to seek certification for Geysers Unit 17, 78-NOI-3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    Final findings and conclusions are presented on: conformity to the forecast of statewide and service area electric power demands; conformity of the proposed site and facility with applicable local, regional, state, and federal standard ordinances, and laws; and the safety and reliability of the facility. Also included is a proposed decision approving the notice, with conditions, for consideration by the full Commission. In addition, a description of the proposed project, a summary of the proceedings to date; local, state, and federal government agency comments on the Preliminary Report, and the Committee's view of those issues that require further consideration are included. (MHR)

  13. Preliminary report on the Pacific Gas and Electric Company's notice of intention to seek certification for Geysers Unit 16 (78-NOI-6)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    The preliminary findings of fact and conclusion adopted by the Commission Committee are presented. Also, a description of the proposed project, a summary of the proceedings to date, and local, state, and federal government agency comments on the proposal are included. Preliminary findings and conclusions are presented on: (a) conformity to the forecast of statewide and service area electric power demands; (b) the degree to which the proposed site and facility conform with applicable local, regional, state, and federal standards, ordinances and laws; (c) the safety and reliability of the facility; and (d) the relative merit of the proposed transmission line corridors. (MHR)

  14. Electric power annual 1995. Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding U.S. electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); U.S. Department of Energy. In the private sector, the majority of the users of the Electric Power Annual are researchers and analysts and, ultimately, individuals with policy- and decisionmaking responsibilities in electric utility companies. Financial and investment institutions, economic development organizations interested in new power plant construction, special interest groups, lobbyists, electric power associations, and the news media will find data in the Electric Power Annual useful. In the public sector, users include analysts, researchers, statisticians, and other professionals with regulatory, policy, and program responsibilities for Federal, State, and local governments. The Congress and other legislative bodies may also be interested in general trends related to electricity at State and national levels. Much of the data in these reports can be used in analytic studies to evaluate new legislation. Public service commissions and other special government groups share an interest in State-level statistics. These groups can also compare the statistics for their States with those of other jurisdictions.

  15. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the law project (no. 1613), relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission des affaires economiques, de l'environnement et du territoire sur le projet de loi (no. 1613), relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J.C.

    2004-06-01

    The aim of this report is to present to the French deputies the comments made by the commission of economic affairs, environment and territory about the law project relative to the change of status of the power and gas public utilities in the framework of the deregulation of European energy markets. This law changes the juridical status of the two state monopolies Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. The first part of the document reports on the general discussions about the law project while the second part makes a detailed analysis of each article with some proposals of modifications. A comparative table puts in parallel the existing texts, the law project and the proposals made by the commission. (J.S.)

  16. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and GEC ALSTHOM have signed the agreement for Chinese Laibin B electric power plant; Electricite de France (EDF) et GEC ALSTHOM signent l'accord de la centrale electrique de Laibin B en Chine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-03

    EDF and GEC ALSTHOM together with the government of Chinese Province Guangxi have organized in Pekin on 3 september 1997 a ceremony for signing a BOOT (Build, Own, Operate, Transfer) contract for the Coal Power Plant (2 x 360 MW) at Laibin B. This is the first Chinese BOOT contract in the power domain entirely financed by foreign capital. The two western companies which were retained for this project, following an international call for offers, invest USD 150 million of its own founds in this USD 600 million project. They will hold 60% and 40% of the capital of the company created for this project, respectively. The construction power plant is planned to be completed at the end of 1999 - beginning of 2000. After 15 years of industrial operation the power plant will be transferred to the autonomous government of the Province Guangxi. The communique contains the following 8 files: 1. The Laibin B power plant; 2. Build, Own, Operate, Transfer; 3. The autonomous Guangxi Province; 4. An outline of EDF in China; 5. Profile/activities of GEC ALSTHOM in China; 6. The 'Credit Agricole Indosuez' in China; 7. BZW Barclays PLC; 8. HSBC Investment Banking in China.

  17. VARIABLES DETERMINADAS PARA LA DETECCIÓN DE FRAUDE EN EMPRESAS DE SERVICIO ELÉCTRICO // VARIABLES DETERMINED FOR THE DETECTION OF FRAUD IN COMPANIES OF ELECTRICAL SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lima Pérez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Losses suffered by power utilities represent a problem affecting its financial and economic sustainability. In Venezuela, they reached 30; 68% in 2010. Among them, non-technical losses can be detected and controlled, contributing to the financial recovery of the company, and thus using such surplus of money to improve the quality of service. The aim of this paper is to identify variables used by supply inspection planners in power utilities to allow detection of users that may be using the service under illegal or fraudulent conditions. The methodology used for knowledge acquisition is based upon the principle of the Delphi Method, that is, independent experts in the area answer questionnaires and interviews, variables are identified, and then answers are shared among all of them to select those that receive higher scores on a pre-defined scale. Selection of variables provided by experts is supported by statistical tools. A set of consumption, location and knowledge variables that characterizes fraudulent behavior is then established. They in turn allow construction of a future intelligent system to automate detection of such customers, thus contributing to the reduction of non-technical losses and financial recovery of the company.// RESUMEN: Las pérdidas de energía registradas en empresas de servicio eléctrico representan un problema que afecta su sustentabilidad económica y financiera. En Venezuela, para el año 2010, estas alcanzan el 30; 68%. De estas, las pérdidas no técnicas pueden ser detectadas y controladas contribuyendo a la recuperación financiera de la empresa, lo cual puede reinvertirse para mejorar la calidad del servicio. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar las variables utilizadas por planificadores de inspecciones de suministros de empresas de servicio eléctrico que permita detectar posibles usuarios con condiciones fraudulentas. La metodología utilizada para la adquisición del conocimiento se basa en

  18. VARIABLES DETERMINADAS PARA LA DETECCIÓN DE FRAUDE EN EMPRESAS DE SERVICIO ELÉCTRICO // VARIABLES DETERMINED FOR THE DETECTION OF FRAUD IN COMPANIES OF ELECTRICAL SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lima Pérez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Losses suffered by power utilities represent a problem affecting its financial and economic sustainability. In Venezuela, they reached 30; 68% in 2010. Among them, non-technical losses can be detected and controlled, contributing to the financial recovery of the company, and thus using such surplus of money to improve the quality of service. The aim of this paper is to identify variables used by supply inspection planners in power utilities to allow detection of users that may be using the service under illegal or fraudulent conditions. The methodology used for knowledge acquisition is based upon the principle of the Delphi Method, that is, independent experts in the area answer questionnaires and interviews, variables are identified, and then answers are shared among all of them to select those that receive higher scores on a pre-defined scale. Selection of variables provided by experts is supported by statistical tools. A set of consumption, location and knowledge variables that characterizes fraudulent behavior is then established. They in turn allow construction of a future intelligent system to automate detection of such customers, thus contributing to the reduction of non-technical losses and financial recovery of the company.// RESUMEN Las pérdidas de energía registradas en empresas de servicio eléctrico representan un problema que afecta su sustentabilidad económica y financiera. En Venezuela, para el año 2010, estas alcanzan el 30; 68%. De estas, las pérdidas no técnicas pueden ser detectadas y controladas contribuyendo a la recuperación financiera de la empresa, lo cual puede reinvertirse para mejorar la calidad del servicio. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar las variables utilizadas por planificadores de inspecciones de suministros de empresas de servicio eléctrico que permita detectar posibles usuarios con condiciones fraudulentas. La metodología utilizada para la adquisición del conocimiento se basa en el T

  19. Quasi Impact Study on Customers who Shifted from Post Pay to Prepay Electricity Metering System: Case Study of Kenya Power and Lighting Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Mungai Thumbi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The content of this document emphasizes on the need to carry out a professional quasi research work bearing the titles “Impact of”, “Influence of” or “effect of”. More often than not, these words are misinterpreted and misunderstood. If it so happens, the researchers will finally end up presenting a half baked research findings.The researcher, carrying out the work bearing those titles must understand their meaning and the approach required to make the work professional. The importance of understanding the area of study before and after the intervention is ultimately very critical. Why? This enables the researcher to boldly present a proof without any shadow of doubt or contradiction that an impact or a change experienced was indeed as a result of intervention.This document present practical quasi impact research conducted for customers who shifted from post pay metering to prepay, being a case study of Kenya Power Company. It’s a quasi research because it does not reflect a pure impact study. The pure impact study must have a baseline survey study before the intervention was introduced. The samples of research are randomly selected and one group is subjected to an intervention while the other remains as a control group upon which no action is subjected to it. A study on a control group (upon which no intervention was introduced is considered important towards clarification of the authenticity of the findings. It’s critical in that it promotes the accuracy and affirms strongly that the changes experienced in the findings are as a result of an intervention.

  20. Load Frequency Control in Isolated Micro-Grids with Electrical Vehicles Based on Multivariable Generalized Predictive Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In power systems, although the inertia energy in power sources can partly cover power unbalances caused by load disturbance or renewable energy fluctuation, it is still hard to maintain the frequency deviation within acceptable ranges. However, with the vehicle-to-grid (V2G technique, electric vehicles (EVs can act as mobile energy storage units, which could be a solution for load frequency control (LFC in an isolated grid. In this paper, a LFC model of an isolated micro-grid with EVs, distributed generations and their constraints is developed. In addition, a controller based on multivariable generalized predictive control (MGPC theory is proposed for LFC in the isolated micro-grid, where EVs and diesel generator (DG are coordinated to achieve a satisfied performance on load frequency. A benchmark isolated micro-grid with EVs, DG, and wind farm is modeled in the Matlab/Simulink environment to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Simulation results demonstrate that with MGPC, the energy stored in EVs can be managed intelligently according to LFC requirement. This improves the system frequency stability with complex operation situations including the random renewable energy resource and the continuous load disturbances.

  1. Measurements of Electric and Magnetic Field Intensities at 50 Hz Mains Frequency and Comparison of Measurement Results to ICNIRP's Reference Levels for General Public Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Cansız

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP accepted by many countries as well as Turkey is a commission which determines reference levels for general public and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and has intensive works on these issues. ICNIRP has published separately a low frequency band (0-100 kHz and a high frequency band (100 kHz-300 GHz guidelines which investigate the biological and potential health hazard effects of electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields. In this study, measurements of low frequency electric and magnetic fields were taken in 30 different locations in the city center of Diyarbakir. Some locations exceeding the reference levels for general public exposure specified by ICNIRP were determined in the measurements of low frequency electric and magnetic fields and then some assessments were made about them. Low frequency electric and magnetic field meter device which is named EHP-50C was used in the measurements. The measurement results were calculated as an average value of 6 minute measurements. In addition, under a high voltage power line during 60 minutes, electric and magnetic field intensity values were recorded in the same manner. As a result of recordings, changes in the electric and magnetic field intensity values were observed, and then these changes were shown on the charts.

  2. 77 FR 26607 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Electric Motors and Small Electric Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... II.2--Summary of SNOPR Commenters Company Abbreviation Interested party type Baldor Electric Co Baldor Manufacturer. WEG Electric WEG Manufacturer. Advanced Energy Advanced Energy Independent Test...

  3. The new tariff model based on marginal costs developing concept for Brazilian electric sector. A case study for Power and Light Company of Sao Paulo State (Brazil); O novo modelo tarifario baseado no conceito de custos marginais em desenvolvimento para o setor eletrico brasileiro. Um estudo de caso para a Companhia Paulista de Forca e Luz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correia, S.P.S.

    1991-12-31

    A new methodology for power generation cost accounts in Brazilian electric sector is described, with the application of marginal costs theory and its deviation in developing economies. A case report from a Brazilian Power and Light Company is studied, focalizing the seasoning, the planning, the tariff model and the power generation, transmission and distribution. (M.V.M.). 19 refs, 28 figs, 1 tab.

  4. Bidding Strategies for Generation Company Considering Randomness and Correlation Relationship of Electricity and Carbon Prices%考虑电价碳价随机性及其相关性的发电商投标决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周任军; 刘照; 陈彦秀; 张浩; 李莹莹; 范龙; 尹权

    2016-01-01

    Carbon price and electricity price are bound together under the influence of external factors. Thus,the price randomness of carbon and electricity along with their correlation should be taken into consideration to form the bidding model for generation compa-nies. The difference between actual profit and the expectation is defined as the risk and measured by multi-stochastic conditional risk method in this paper. Then,a CVaR-based bidding model which considers the price randomness of electricity and carbon along with their correlation is proposed. The Linear method is used to sample of the random variables concerning the correlation and to solve the conditional value at risk. Cases considering the correlation between electricity price and carbon price,carbon price cost,carbon price randomness and other risk measurement methods are tested respectively to evaluate their influences on the investment decision risk of generation companies. The results show that considering the price randomness of both electricity and carbon as well as their correlation is more in accordance with the generation companies’requirement of increasing revenue and reducing risk,and conditional risk method is able to describe the risk more accurately.%电价、碳价在外界因素的影响下具有某种相依关系,因此需要在发电商投标模型中考虑电价、碳价的随机性及其相关性对其决策的影响。本文将低于发电商预期收益部分的期望值定义为风险,采用多随机变量的条件风险方法对其进行度量,建立了考虑电价碳价随机性及其相关性影响的发电商投标决策模型,利用线性变换方法对相关性随机变量进行抽样并求解条件风险值。对电价碳价相关性、碳价成本、碳价随机性和不同风险度量方法对发电商投资决策风险的影响进行了仿真对比,结果表明考虑电价和碳价随机性及其相关性影响的投标模型更符合发电商提高收益降低

  5. 75 FR 1017 - Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CF34-1A, CF34-3A, and CF34-3B Series...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-08

    ... 2009-24-11, Amendment 39-16103 (74 FR 62481, November 30, 2009). That AD requires removing from service... provide instructions for inspecting the orientation of the aft actuator hose assembly and the main fuel... a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice...

  6. Field testing of behavioral barriers for fish exclusion at cooling-water intake systems, Central Hudson Gas and Electric Company Roseton Generating Station: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matousek, J.A.; Wells, A.W.; McGroddy, P.M.

    1988-09-01

    A seasonal field testing program was conducted during 1986 and 1987 to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral barriers at Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporations's Roseton Generating Station located in the euryhaline section of the Hudson River. This station was selected as representative of power plants with shoreline riverine/estuarine intake systems. Three commercially available devices (air bubble curtain, pneumatic gun, and underwater strobe light) were tested alone and in combination to determine their effectiveness in reducing impingement. The primary testing method incorporated three or four 6-h impingement collections during each test date, each consisting of two randomly assigned 3-h samples: one was an experimental test with a behavioral device in operation, the other a control test with no device operating. The effectiveness of the devices at excluding fish was determined by comparing impingement data from experimental and control periods. Results of the program do not establish that the deployment of underwater strobe lights, pneumatic guns, an air bubble curtain, or various combinations of the three devices will effectively lower fish impingement at power plants similar in design and location to the Roseton plant. Deterrent effectiveness was found to be species-specific and related to time of day. 51 refs., 67 figs., 72 tabs.

  7. Optimization of portfolio of contracts for companies of electric power generation; Otimizacao de portfolio de contratos para empresas de geracao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunn, Laura Keiko; Silva, Elisa Bastos; Correia, Paulo de Barros [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia], emails: lauragunn@fem.unicamp.br, elisabs@fem.unicamp.br, pcorreia@fem.unicamp.br

    2010-07-01

    Portfolio optimization is a technique widely used to select investments in economic and financial zones. In the Brazilian Electric Market the portfolio models must consider not only different types of contracts used in the free market, but also different types of markets: the free market, the captive market and the spot market. Normally, the question is knowing which proportion of energy should be sold in each market, in order to maximize the return and minimize the risk. This article deals with a problem from the point of view of a power generator, where their objective is to maximize its profit, to serve their obligations regarding the delivery of energy and minimizing the risk associated with the occurrence of Spot Price - minimum (Spot Price). It is considered that the generator has flexible contracts and inflexible contracts to sell the energy. Inflexible contracts have delivery obligations of fixed energy and flexible contracts allow, the holder of the flexibility, to deliver or to receive an amount of variable energy. In this case, the holder of flexibility may be the purchaser or the generator. (author)

  8. Optimization of portfolio of contracts for companies of electric power generation; Otimizacao de portfolio de contratos para empresas de geracao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunn, Laura Keiko; Silva, Elisa Bastos; Correia, Paulo de Barros, E-mail: lauragunn@fem.unicamp.br, E-mail: elisabs@fem.unicamp.br, E-mail: pcorreia@fem.unicamp.br [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia

    2010-07-01

    Portfolio optimization is a technique widely used to select investments in economic and financial zones. In the Brazilian Electric Market the portfolio models must consider not only different types of contracts used in the free market, but also different types of markets: the free market, the captive market and the spot market. Normally, the question is knowing which proportion of energy should be sold in each market, in order to maximize the return and minimize the risk. This article deals with a problem from the point of view of a power generator, where their objective is to maximize its profit, to serve their obligations regarding the delivery of energy and minimizing the risk associated with the occurrence of Spot Price - minimum (Spot Price). It is considered that the generator has flexible contracts and inflexible contracts to sell the energy. Inflexible contracts have delivery obligations of fixed energy and flexible contracts allow, the holder of the flexibility, to deliver or to receive an amount of variable energy. In this case, the holder of flexibility may be the purchaser or the generator. (author)

  9. [Analgesic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation combined with target-controlled infusion in general anesthesia and effects on cardiovascular system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Bi-mei; Yang, Bo

    2008-03-01

    To observe analgesic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation combined with target-controlled infusion (TCI) in general anesthesia and effects on cardiovascular system. Sixty selective breast operation patients were randomly divided into a combined group and a TCI group, 30 cases in each group. The combined group received anesthesic induction for 30 min with transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation and then TCI into vein for general anesthesia, and the transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation was continued till the end of the operation. The TCI group only received TCI irito vein for general anesthesia. The target-controlled concentration of the general anesthesia drugs in plasma was monitored to evaluate the analgesic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation. Meanwhile, the effects of the transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on cardiovascular system were investigated. The mean Propofol and Fentany dosages needed were 226.67 mg and 0.11 mg in the combined group, and 272.22 mg and 0.14 mg in the TCI group during the operation, respectively, with significant differences (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The changes of heart rate and blood pressure in the combined group during skin-cutting were significantly less than those in the TCI group (P < 0.05). The awaking time in the combined group was significantly shortened. The transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation has a certain analgesic effect in the operation and can reduce 17% Propofol dosage and 14% Fentany dosage, and it can decrease the skin-cutting-induced stress reaction of the cardiovascular system and accelerate waking.

  10. Institutionalising Green Electricity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofman, P.

    2004-01-01

    Both energy companies and consumers have embraced green electricity as a concept in which electricity produced by renewable energy sources is separately marketed and priced from conventionally generated electricity based on fossil or nuclear sources. After its introduction in 1995 by an energy distr

  11. Law no. 2004-803 from August 9, 2004 relative to electricity and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Loi no. 2004-803 du 9 aout 2004 relative au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-09-01

    The aim of this law is to allow the administrations to avoid to use their eligibility right with the opening of the electricity and gas markets to competition. It changes the juridical status of the two public utilities Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. (J.S.)

  12. Static electric multipole susceptibilities of the relativistic hydrogen-like atom in the ground state: Application of the Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function

    CERN Document Server

    Szmytkowski, Radosław

    2016-01-01

    The ground state of the Dirac one-electron atom, placed in a weak, static electric field of definite $2^{L}$-polarity, is studied within the framework of the first-order perturbation theory. The Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function [R. Szmytkowski, J. Phys. B 30 (1997) 825, erratum: 30 (1997) 2747] is used to derive closed-form analytical expressions for various far-field and near-nucleus static electric multipole susceptibilities of the atom. The far-field multipole susceptibilities --- the polarizabilities $\\alpha_{L}$, electric-to-magnetic cross-susceptibilities $\\alpha_{\\mathrm{E}L\\to\\mathrm{M}(L\\mp1)}$ and electric-to-toroidal-magnetic cross-susceptibilities $\\alpha_{\\mathrm{E}L\\to\\mathrm{T}L}$ --- are found to be expressible in terms of one or two non-terminating generalized hypergeometric functions ${}_{3}F_{2}$ with the unit argument. Counterpart formulas for the near-nucleus multipole susceptibilities --- the electric nuclear shielding constants $\\sigma_{\\mathrm{E}L\\to\\m...

  13. 17 CFR 210.3-18 - Special provisions as to registered management investment companies and companies required to be...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940, AND ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975 General Instructions As to... registered management investment companies and companies required to be registered as management...

  14. Modeling of electrical machines with a view to their control: general concepts (EGEM, electrical engineering series); Modelisation des machines electriques en vue de leur commande: Concepts generaux (Traite EGEM, serie Genie electrique)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louis, J.P.

    2004-07-01

    Electrical actuators are present in automatized factories, in transportation systems and in many devices of the everyday life. They must be controlled in order to get an intelligent behaviour. Control systems are based on a good knowledge of actuators, electrical machines and static converters. This knowledge is condensed in models which are based on physical laws but also on hypotheses which have to be discussed (linearity, first harmonics, symmetry). These properties are used in direct models from which the inverse models are deduced and are at the origin of control algorithms. This book deals with the general concepts of the modeling of electrical machines. The analysis, simulation and synthesis of control laws is based on dynamical models used in automation (frequency and state models). The most relevant models are based on the vectorial properties of the physical models which lead to the most commonly used transformations: Clarke, Concordia, Fortescue, Lyon, Ku and Park. (J.S.)

  15. Electric power monthly, May 1995 with data for February 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-24

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisiommakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuel, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  16. Electric power monthly, December 1997 with data for September 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly, October 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-20

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  18. Electric power monthly, February 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-02-16

    The Electric Power Monthly (EMP) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  19. Electric power monthly, January 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-26

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  20. Liquidation of the company

    OpenAIRE

    Procházka, Michal

    2011-01-01

    This work deals with the liquidation of the company focusing on commercial companies. It describes whole process of liquidation from decision to liquidate to delete the company from the Commercial Register. The work also focuses on legal, accounting and tax site of liquidation. Accounting practices in the liquidation process are illustrated on the example of a fictive company.

  1. Performance evaluation of the General Electric eXplore CT 120 micro-CT using the vmCT phantom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahri, M.A., E-mail: M.Bahri@ulg.ac.be [ULg-Liege University, Cyclotron Research Centre, Liege, Bat. 30, Allee du 6 aout, 8 (Belgium); Warnock, G.; Plenevaux, A. [ULg-Liege University, Cyclotron Research Centre, Liege, Bat. 30, Allee du 6 aout, 8 (Belgium); Choquet, P.; Constantinesco, A. [Biophysique et Medecine Nucleaire, Hopitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Salmon, E.; Luxen, A. [ULg-Liege University, Cyclotron Research Centre, Liege, Bat. 30, Allee du 6 aout, 8 (Belgium); Seret, A. [ULg-Liege University, Cyclotron Research Centre, Liege, Bat. 30, Allee du 6 aout, 8 (Belgium); ULg-Liege University, Experimental Medical Imaging, Liege (Belgium)

    2011-08-21

    The eXplore CT 120 is the latest generation micro-CT from General Electric. It is equipped with a high-power tube and a flat-panel detector. It allows high resolution and high contrast fast CT scanning of small animals. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of the eXplore CT 120 with that of the eXplore Ultra, its predecessor for which the methodology using the vmCT phantom has already been described . The phantom was imaged using typical a rat (fast scan or F) or mouse (in vivo bone scan or H) scanning protocols. With the slanted edge method, a 10% modulation transfer function (MTF) was observed at 4.4 (F) and 3.9-4.4 (H) mm{sup -1} corresponding to 114 {mu}m resolution. A fairly larger MTF was obtained by the coil method with the MTF for the thinnest coil (3.3 mm{sup -1}) equal to 0.32 (F) and 0.34 (H). The geometric accuracy was better than 0.3%. There was a highly linear (R{sup 2}>0.999) relationship between measured and expected CT numbers for both the CT number accuracy and linearity sections of the phantom. A cupping effect was clearly seen on the uniform slices and the uniformity-to-noise ratio ranged from 0.52 (F) to 0.89 (H). The air CT number depended on the amount of polycarbonate surrounding the area where it was measured; a difference as high as approximately 200 HU was observed. This hindered the calibration of this scanner in HU. This is likely due to the absence of corrections for beam hardening and scatter in the reconstruction software. However in view of the high linearity of the system, the implementation of these corrections would allow a good quality calibration of the scanner in HU. In conclusion, the eXplore CT 120 achieved a better spatial resolution than the eXplore Ultra (based on previously reported specifications) and future software developments will include beam hardening and scatter corrections that will make the new generation CT scanner even more promising.

  2. The Canadian Niagara Power Company story

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ball, N.R. [Waterloo Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    2005-07-01

    This book chronicles the history and contributions of the Canadian Niagara Power Company and its employees toward the establishment of electricity generation and distribution in Niagara Falls and Fort Erie, Ontario, dating back to its founding in 1892. Through historical photographs, maps and drawings, the book demonstrates the impact of electricity on the Niagara region. It emphasizes the many skills and jobs required to run the company that generated electricity and maintained a complete system to deliver power, metering, and billing services through the depression, wars, and postwar booms, even during lightning, snow and ice storms. The company began producing power in 1905 with what had been the world's largest-capacity turbines and generators that supplied power to both sides of the Niagara River. Initially, most of the electricity was exported to New York State. The company eventually expanded its Canadian customer service area from Niagara Falls, Ontario, to Fort Erie, Bridgeburg, Amigari, Ridgeway, Stevensville, Crystal Beach and Point Abino. Throughout its history, the Canadian Niagara Power Company provided power at a lower cost than its neighbouring competitors. The William Birch Rankine Generating Station became an important tourist attraction, showcasing the latest electrical appliances of the time in an effort to promote the use of electricity in homes and offices. Today, the station remains a tribute to the fact that natural beauty can coincide with industry. The book also chronicles the difficult business challenges caused by restructuring in the electric power industry in the 1990s, repairing aging equipment and applying the latest in automation and remote sensing technology. Today, the company as FortisOntario is expanding to other communities around Ontario. refs., tabs., figs.

  3. Decision from the Commission of Electricity Regulation (CRE) dated from December 12, 2002 giving its opinion on the disagreement between AESM company and Electricite de France about the settlement of a contract of electricity purchase; Decision de la Commission de Regulation de l'Electricite (CRE) en date du 12 decembre 2002 se prononcant sur le differend qui oppose la societe AESM a Electricite de France sur la conclusion d'un contrat d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-01

    This document presents the analysis made by the French commission of electricity regulation (CRE) of a dispute at law between the company AESM (Martinique, French West Indies) and Electricite de France (EdF) about the cancellation of agreements concerning the purchase of electricity from a diesel power generation facility which remained at the planning stage. AESM claims for damages against EdF for the project study expenses and the prejudice of the loss of the royalties expected from the project. (J.S.)

  4. Magnetic-field-induced electric quadrupole moments for relativistic hydrogenlike atoms: Application of the Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function

    CERN Document Server

    Stefańska, Patrycja

    2016-01-01

    We consider a Dirac one-electron atom placed in a weak, static, uniform magnetic field. We show that, to the first order in the strength B of the external field, the only electric multipole moments, which are induced by the perturbation in the atom, are those of an even order. Using the Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function [R. Szmytkowski, J. Phys. B 30, 825 (1997); 30, 2747(E) (1997)], we derive a closed-form expression for the electric quadrupole moment induced in the atom in an arbitrary discrete energy eigenstate. The result, which has the form of a double finite sum involving the generalized hypergeometric functions 3F2 of the unit argument, agrees with the earlier relativistic formula for that quantity, obtained by us for the ground state of the atom.

  5. Magnetic-field-induced electric quadrupole moments for relativistic hydrogenlike atoms: Application of the Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefańska, Patrycja

    2016-02-01

    We consider a Dirac one-electron atom placed in a weak, static, uniform magnetic field. We show that, to the first order in the strength B of the external field, the only electric multipole moments, which are induced by the perturbation in the atom, are those of an even order. Using the Sturmian expansion of the generalized Dirac-Coulomb Green function [R. Szmytkowski, J. Phys. B 30, 825 (1997), 10.1088/0953-4075/30/4/007; J. Phys. B 30, 2747 (1997), 10.1088/0953-4075/30/11/023], We derive a closed-form expression for the electric quadrupole moment induced in the atom in an arbitrary discrete energy eigenstate. The result, which has the form of a double finite sum involving the generalized hypergeometric functions 3F2 of the unit argument, agrees with the earlier relativistic formula for that quantity, obtained by us for the ground state of the atom.

  6. Energy Conversion Alternatives Study (ECAS), General Electric Phase 1. Volume 1: Executive summary. [using coal or coal derived fuels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corman, J. C.

    1976-01-01

    A data base for the comparison of advanced energy conversion systems for utility applications using coal or coal-derived fuels was developed. Estimates of power plant performance (efficiency), capital cost, cost of electricity, natural resource requirements, and environmental intrusion characteristics were made for ten advanced conversion systems. Emphasis was on the energy conversion system in the context of a base loaded utility power plant. All power plant concepts were premised on meeting emission standard requirements. A steam power plant (3500 psig, 1000 F) with a conventional coal-burning furnace-boiler was analyzed as a basis for comparison. Combined cycle gas/steam turbine system results indicated competitive efficiency and a lower cost of electricity compared to the reference steam plant. The Open-Cycle MHD system results indicated the potential for significantly higher efficiency than the reference steam plant but with a higher cost of electricity.

  7. Electrical contracting

    CERN Document Server

    Neidle, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Electrical Contracting, Second Edition is a nine-chapter text guide for the greater efficiency in planning and completing installations for the design, installation and control of electrical contracts. This book starts with a general overview of the efficient cabling and techniques that must be employed for safe wiring design, as well as the cost estimation of the complete electrical contract. The subsequent chapters are devoted to other electrical contracting requirements, including electronic motor control, lighting, and electricity tariffs. A chapter focuses on the IEE Wiring Regulations an

  8. Company Leaders To Inspect Service Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>Wu Nianzu, Party secretary, chairman and president of the Shanghai Airport Group Company, inspected the service work at Pudong Airport on August 28.A forum on service work was held with more than 90 persons attending, including Cao Huifang, general manager of the Shanghai Airport Co Ltd, and Zhu Jiyu, Party secretary of the company.

  9. 76 FR 55111 - United States v. General Electric Co., et al.; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    .... These assets will provide the acquirer with the physical tools (e.g., equipment, inventory, business... Complaint, requires GE to divest the Converteam Electric Machinery Business, which produces low-speed... associated with the business. Copies of the Complaint, proposed Final Judgment and Competitive Impact...

  10. A study of electricity planning in Thailand: An integrated top-down and bottom-up Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) modeling analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srisamran, Supree

    This dissertation examines the potential impacts of three electricity policies on the economy of Thailand in terms of macroeconomic performance, income distribution, and unemployment rate. The three considered policies feature responses to potential disruption of imported natural gas used in electricity generation, alternative combinations (portfolios) of fuel feedstock for electricity generation, and increases in investment and local electricity consumption. The evaluation employs Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) approach with the extension of electricity generation and transmission module to simulate the counterfactual scenario for each policy. The dissertation consists of five chapters. Chapter one begins with a discussion of Thailand's economic condition and is followed by a discussion of the current state of electricity generation and consumption and current issues in power generation. The security of imported natural gas in power generation is then briefly discussed. The persistence of imported natural gas disruption has always caused trouble to the country, however, the economic consequences of this disruption have not yet been evaluated. The current portfolio of power generation and the concerns it raises are then presented. The current portfolio of power generation is heavily reliant upon natural gas and so needs to be diversified. Lastly, the anticipated increase in investment and electricity consumption as a consequence of regional integration is discussed. Chapter two introduces the CGE model, its background and limitations. Chapter three reviews relevant literature of the CGE method and its application in electricity policies. In addition, the submodule characterizing the network of electricity generation and distribution and the method of its integration with the CGE model are explained. Chapter four presents the findings of the policy simulations. The first simulation illustrates the consequences of responses to disruptions in natural gas imports

  11. Habitat Appraisal by Vermont Electric Power Company

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Declines in habitat availability have been associated with population declines in bird species breeding in early successional forest and shrubland habitats....

  12. 供电企业一体化缴费技术管理平台研究%The research of electricity payment technology integration management platform for power supply companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房文平

    2015-01-01

    According to the"integrated payment access sys⁃tem" construction standards and multi⁃channel payment services business integration uniform requirements which are promulgated by the China Southern Power Grid Corporation, the integrated pay⁃ment technology management platform has been established that can meet the requirement of"one⁃stop service"marketing business applications. The SOA service⁃oriented layer architecture design scheme, the 95598 online banking, the electricity POS payment ter⁃minals, the power self⁃service payment terminals, online banking and other payment channels have been unified. The platform satis⁃fies the user electricity payment’s network, electronic, and conve⁃nient payment needs. The practice application of integrated pay⁃ment systems, can reduce the power supply enterprise operational services pressure, and improve the power marketing business de⁃velopment and human services levels, which can obtain win⁃win re⁃sults between the power companies and users benefits.%针对南方电网公司“一体化缴费接入系统”建设标准及多渠道缴费服务业务集成统一要求,建立符合“一站妥”营销业务应用需求的缴费技术管理平台。采用面向服务的SOA分层架构设计方案,将95598网上银行、电力POS缴费终端、电力自助缴费终端、网上银行等缴费渠道统一集成,实现用户网络化、电子化、便捷化等缴费需求。一体化缴费系统的运用,减轻了供电企业电力运营服务压力,提高了电力营销业务拓展和人性化服务水平,取得供电企业和用户利益的双赢效果。

  13. 17 CFR 250.14 - Exemption of acquisitions of securities of power supply companies from section 9(a)(2) of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... company, either directly or through a wholly-owned company organized solely for that purpose, provided... company which is not an “affiliate” of any other company under clause (B) of section 2(a)(11) shall be... securities of the power supply company are owned by one or more electric utility companies to which the...

  14. A simple forecasting model for industrial electric energy consumption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Shehri, Abdallah [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Electrical Engineering Dept., Dhaharan (Saudi Arabia)

    2000-07-01

    A single-equation model is developed and employed for forecasting industrial electric energy consumption in the Saudi Consolidated Electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO-East) of Saudi Arabia. SCECO-East's industrial loads are composed mainly of oil-related and petrochemical industries. Even though industrial loads are generally characterised by their steadiness, the harsh weather conditions of the Eastern Province cause great variations in the industrial electric energy consumption at SCECO-East. The developed model reflects these variations. MATLAB is used to solve the model. (Author)

  15. Electric power monthly, August 1996, with data for May 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-08-09

    This publication presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and state agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. Purpose is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate, timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. EIA collected the information to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. Statistics are presented in this publication on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  16. SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NAGY CRISTINA MIHAELA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available act: Similarities between the accounting of companies and territorial administrative units accounting are the following: organizing double entry accounting; accounting method both in terms of fundamental theoretical principles and specific practical tools. The differences between the accounting of companies and of territorial administrative units refer to: the accounting of territorial administrative units includes besides general accounting (financial also budgetary accounting, and the accounts system of the budgetary accounting is completely different from that of companies; financial statements of territorial administrative units to which leaders are not main authorizing officers are submitted to the hierarchically superior body (not at MPF; the accounts of territorial administrative units are opened at treasury and financial institutions, accounts at commercial banks being prohibited; equity accounts in territorial administrative units are structured into groups of funds; long term debts have a specific structure in territorial administrative units (internal local public debt and external local public debt.

  17. Online Company-stakeholder Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Rikke Augustinus; Morsing, Mette

    Based on a systematic data collection we study one of the first pioneering company-stakeholder communication campaigns in social media: the case of energy company Vattenfall A/S’s pan-European campaign ‘The Climate Manifesto’. Our findings challenge the general assumption, that stakeholder...... lacked between the company and stakeholders. Vattenfall was accused of green-washing, resulting in a communications crisis. Negative stakeholder reactions consisted of prejudiced and non-negotiable argumentation indicating that social media imposes new managerial challenges since communication processes...... technologies and we question to what extent social media serve the enhancement of improved understandings across corporate and civil society on CSR issues. This paper suggests that managers face a risk of the “double-edge of stakeholder communication” when incorporating social media into their CSR strategies...

  18. FISCAL MANAGEMENT OF ROMANIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Zenovia GRIGORE

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is aimed to analyze the taxation influence upon the company’s activity. Fiscal management is integrated into the company management and must therefore be defined in terms of general policy objectives of the company. The efficiency of fiscal policy is an essential element of fiscal management. This can be achieved directly (through the tax law that includes measures of fiscal incitement or indirectly (when the tax system offers a number of tax deductions for expenses, the possibility to cover losses from previous financial periods, the limitation of deductible expenses according to earnings before taxes etc.. The two forms of efficiency of fiscal policy are placed in the calculation of relations between fiscal management, strategic planning, tax risk and accounting. Fiscal policy should aim at the company’s research and to achieve optimal cost of taxation. This paper analyses the methods that the companies dispose of in order to reduce this cost.

  19. Strategic options for newly entering companies into the wine sector in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radka Šperková

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Market environment is currently characterised by a constant dynamic development and changing conditions. The wine sector in the Czech Republic has passed and still passes through a number of changes which affect the decisions of business entities that are considering whether to enter the industry or not. The importance of strategic management is on the rise in this area as well as the significance of a company strategies creation which give the company the instructions how to use their distinctive ability and transform it into a competitive advantage. With regard to the distribution of market shares of each of the companies in the market, it is considered that the market will enter two different size firms, i.e. company A and B, in which the fundamental assumptions have been chosen so that they simulate two extreme examples of enterprises that might emerge in the market. The two chosen types of businesses are proposed recommendations focused on the most effective entry with the use of a methodological tool – GE Matrix (General Electric. For the micro-enterprise (company B it was a careful entry with minimising the entry investment, differentiation of production and subsequent gradual increase of the market share. For medium-sized enterprise (company A it means the need of high investments, primarily to the purchase of technology and marketing.

  20. Company cases Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tølle, Martin; Pedersen, Jørgen Lindgaard

    2005-01-01

    IT - solitions. CSC wanted to buy DC to penetrate the Nordic market. Some effects can be mentioned: Employment in CSC - DK is in 2003 1,700 persons or 2,600 including other companies bought up recently. In innovation positive effects can be registered from contacts with CSC - International. Not only from access...... for government sector in Denmark. DC employed 1,000 persons and had a market share on 75 % in the market of large government institutions when it was taken over. Danish government wanted to sell DC in order to get more intensity in competion in IT - markets in general and especially in the market for public...... to technology but also from more focus on human beings and business.It has been important that CSC has respected Nordic values in worklife and that the CSC philosophy has been important and not so different from DC. The other case is from pharmaceutical industry in which Norwegian Nycomed buys DAK...

  1. Electric power monthly, December 1996 with data for September 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The report presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  2. Patients with electrical status epilepticus in sleep share similar clinical features regardless of their focal or generalized sleep potentiation of epileptiform activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Iván Sánchez; Peters, Jurriaan; Takeoka, Masanori; Rotenberg, Alexander; Prabhu, Sanjay; Gregas, Matt; Riviello, James J; Kothare, Sanjeev; Loddenkemper, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    The study objective was to compare qualitatively the clinical features of patients with electrical status epilepticus in sleep with focal versus generalized sleep potentiated epileptiform activity. We enrolled patients 2 to 20 years of age, studied between 2001 and 2009, and with sleep potentiated epileptiform activity defined as an increase of epileptiform activity of 50% or more during non-rapid eye movement sleep compared with wakefulness. Eighty-five patients met the inclusion criteria, median age was 7.3 years, and 54 (63.5%) were boys. Sixty-seven (78.8%) patients had focal sleep potentiated epileptiform activity, whereas 18 (21.2%) had generalized sleep potentiated epileptiform activity. The 2 groups did not differ with respect to sex, age, presence of a structural brain abnormality, epilepsy, or other qualitative cognitive, motor, or behavioral problems. Our data suggest that there are no qualitative differences in the clinical features of patients with focal versus generalized sleep potentiated epileptiform activity.

  3. Electric power monthly, July 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels. Data on quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels lag data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the US, Census division, and State level tables. However, for purposes of comparison, plant-level data are presented for the earlier month.

  4. MERGER ACCOUTING FOR COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUCIU GHEORGHE

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Companies, especially nowadays, are characterized through great mobility, fast circulation of capital, occurring in their chase for profit. In this context, companies look for alliances, economical and political assistance. These objectives can materialize through merging of companies. The merger can be internal (between Romanian companies or transboundary, which includes foreign companies. In order to correctly reflect these events, the merger operations must be regulated and must respect national and international regulations. One important request concerning the merger operations is that the accounting values of the assets, debts and ownership equity must be brought to the present financial value.

  5. Modular Electric Vehicle Program (MEVP). Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    The Modular Electric Vehicle Program (MEVP) was an EV propulsion system development program in which the technical effort was contracted by DOE to Ford Motor Company. The General Electric Company was a major subcontractor to Ford for the development of the electric subsystem. Sundstrand Power Systems was also a subcontractor to Ford, providing a modified gas turbine engine APU for emissions and performance testing as well as a preliminary design and producibility study for a Gas Turbine-APU for potential use in hybrid/electric vehicles. The four-year research and development effort was cost-shared between Ford, General Electric, Sundstrand Power Systems and DOE. The contract was awarded in response to Ford`s unsolicited proposal. The program objective was to bring electric vehicle propulsion system technology closer to commercialization by developing subsystem components which can be produced from a common design and accommodate a wide range of vehicles; i.e., modularize the components. This concept would enable industry to introduce electric vehicles into the marketplace sooner than would be accomplished via traditional designs in that the economies of mass production could be realized across a spectrum of product offerings. This would eliminate the need to dedicate the design and capital investment to a limited volume product offering which would increase consumer cost and/or lengthen the time required to realize a return on the investment.

  6. Electric vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-03-01

    Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. These concepts are discussed.

  7. Atmospheric electricity

    CERN Document Server

    Chalmers, J Alan

    1957-01-01

    Atmospheric Electricity brings together numerous studies on various aspects of atmospheric electricity. This book is composed of 13 chapters that cover the main problems in the field, including the maintenance of the negative charge on the earth and the origin of the charges in thunderstorms. After a brief overview of the historical developments of atmospheric electricity, this book goes on dealing with the general principles, results, methods, and the MKS system of the field. The succeeding chapters are devoted to some aspects of electricity in the atmosphere, such as the occurrence and d

  8. Valuating the Investment Efficiency of Distribution Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Karajica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The task of this study is to valuate the investment efficiency of distribution companies. Although a series of publications and studies has been dedicated to this topic, it is difficult to find a general consensus in defining the investment efficiency of a company. Nevertheless if we simplify an imaginary  company as a production unit in which a series of actions transforms inputs to outputs, efficiency can be understood as like an effort to achieve maximum value of the outputs together with minimum usage of inputs, where the inputs constitute investments by a company. The investment efficiency of a company can be measured by expressing the absolute values of selected inputs and outputs, a relative expression of inputs and outputs, and perhaps an expression of the difference between them. However, an examination of the efficiency of a certain company is impossible without a valuation of other companies. In view of the amount of benchmarking, it should be emphasized, that this study is dedicated to a certain category of benchmarking, which we may term investment benchmarking. This benchmarking can be defined as a comparison of companies in terms investment efficiency. The purpose of this comparison is not only to investigate levels of investment efficiency and to relate them to other companies from the same branch, but also to locate the greatest efficiency and indicate potential improvement. 

  9. 7 CFR 210.16 - Food service management companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Food service management companies. 210.16 Section 210... Authority Participation § 210.16 Food service management companies. (a) General. Any school food authority... management company to manage its food service operation in one or more of its schools. However, no school or...

  10. 75 FR 55699 - Series LLCs and Cell Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... the creditors of the cell company. Under current law, there is little specific guidance regarding... law entity, such as an ordinary limited liability company. Individual series generally are not treated... insurance businesses. See, for example, The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 Part XXVII (Protected Cell...

  11. 47 CFR 32.11 - Classification of companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classification of companies. 32.11 Section 32... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES General Instructions § 32.11 Classification of... classification of a company shall be determined at the start of the calendar year following the first time...

  12. INNOVATION IN BRAZILIAN SMALL COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonny Kerley de Alencar Rodrigues

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the interfaces and boundaries of innovation orientation of Brazilian MSEs because despite the importance of innovation for Brazilian MSEs, a thorough analysis of such initiatives in Brazil still has not actually happened. The search was developed from a quantitative approach, of applied nature and descriptive. For that a structured questionnaire was used where were interviewed 700 MSEs using a probabilistic sampling. The study offers two important conclusions. The challenges for innovation can be perceived along three dimensions: design innovation, the implementation of innovation and functional area of innovation. And the data confirms that small Brazilian companies generally have difficulties to sell their innovations. The study offers two important conclusions. The challenges for innovation can be perceived along three dimensions: design innovation, the implementation of innovation and functional area of innovation. And the data confirms that small Brazilian companies generally have difficulties to sell their innovations.

  13. Contribution History of Research Institutes to Electric Power Industry in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Haruhito; Shindo, Takatoshi

    After reorganization of power industry in 1951, power system of Japan was remarkably expanded. To cope with this, R&D in vast area was conducted in the academy, MITI, electric power companies, manufactures, and research institutes. This paper generally describes the technical contents that the three research institutes, namely Electrotechnical Laboratory (ETL), High Voltage Power Laboratory (HVPL), and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), have contributed to the development of power transmission technology after the war.

  14. Open Source Telecommunication Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Liu

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about companies whose core business is selling telecommunications products that lever open source projects. Open source telecommunications (OST companies operate in markets that are very different from typical software product markets. The telecommunications market is regulated, vertically integrated, and proprietary designs and special chips are widely used. For a telecommunications product to be useful, it must interact with both access network products and core network products. Due to specifications in Service Agreements Levels, penalties for failures of telecommunications products are very high. This article shares information that is not widely known, including a list of OST companies and the open source projects on which they depend, the size and diversity of venture capital investment in OST companies, the nature of the commercial product-open source software and company-project relationships, ways in which OST companies make money, benefits and risks of OST companies, and competition between OST companies. Analysis of this information provides insights into the ways in which companies can build business models around open source software. These findings will be of interest to entrepreneurs, top management teams of incumbent companies that sell telecommunications products, and those who care about Ontario's ability to compete globally.

  15. Britain at CERN'98 (20-23 October 1998) : Dr Dick Wakelin (right), Chairman of Lancashire Fittings Limited, explains his company's products to the Director General C.H. Llewellyn Smith and to the British Ambassador of Switzerland, H.E. Mr C. Hulse

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    1998-01-01

    Britain at CERN'98 (20-23 October 1998) : Dr Dick Wakelin (right), Chairman of Lancashire Fittings Limited, explains his company's products to the Director General C.H. Llewellyn Smith and to the British Ambassador of Switzerland, H.E. Mr C. Hulse

  16. The Danish East India Company

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2005-01-01

    The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la......The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la...

  17. 77 FR 54848 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company...). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain The Boeing Company Model 737... not electrically bonded to primary structure of the airplane. This proposed AD would...

  18. 78 FR 17290 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ...-056-AD; Amendment 39-17375; AD 2013-05-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company... new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain The Boeing Company Model 777-200, -200LR, -300, and... measuring the electrical resistance of the bond from the adapter plate to the airplane structure, and...

  19. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN A COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrică Stoica

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available All organisations are primarily interested in maintaining and increasing intellectual capital assets, and knowledge management represents only a manner of supporting the satisfaction of this interest and of laying stress on this type of assets. A mistaken conception, according to which at the level of a company there is a finite knowledge store that can be “managed”, reflects nothing but the fact that, at the beginning, many companies have overlooked the general aim of their business. The intangible part is immaterial, difficult to describe, quantify and measure. The intangible asset has and creates value and that is why the evaluation of intellectual property does not represent a simple activity. From a modern viewpoint, organisational learning does not consist only in obtaining new knowledge, but also considers its employment in carrying out the activities of the company, and so it contributes to the generation of new knowledge. The success of companies depends on the personnel’s ability to understand, manipulate and develop information. In case of epistemic economy, the improvement of the innovation capacity, the creation of value and wealth are based on the division of knowledge.

  20. 论中国有限公司股权善意取得的一般结构%The General Structure of the Equity Bona Fide Acquisition of Limited Companies in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓娟; 姚篮

    2013-01-01

    《公司法司法解释三》的颁布实施,使得对股权善意取得制度的探究从理论延伸到立法,甚至到司法实践的回应与检讨。在肯定股权善意取得制度的存在价值及对有限公司股权善意取得的现行规范进行分析后,认为现行立法并未固定股权流转的模式,这不是法律漏洞,而是在私法自治的精神下还原学说的工具价值。以分离原则为基础解析股权变动的一般结构,是构建股权善意取得一般结构的基础。基于股权的特殊性与商法外观主义设置前置条件、考虑股权善意取得的构成要件并结合当事人是否承认无因性原则来构建股权善意取得的一般结构是非常必要的。%With the promulgation and implementation of Company Law's Judicial Interpretation Three , the academic circles pay attention to The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition from theory to legislation , even to The judicial practice's re-sponse and review .This article admits the value of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition , and based on analyzing its cur-rent legal norm , thinks that the fact of current legislation's not fixing the mode of equity transferring is not legal loop-hole, but regression of theory's tool value in the spirit of the autonomy of private law .Analyzing general structure of equity transferring on the basis of separation principle , is the basis of constructing general structure of The Equity Bo-na Fide Acquisition .Setting up a precondition based on equity's particularity and appearance doctrine of merchant law, considering constitutive requirements of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition , and combining with the parties'atti-tude whether admitting No-cause principle or not , are essential to constructing general structure of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition .

  1. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  2. Near-Term Electric Vehicle Program. Phase II: Mid-Term Summary Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-08-01

    The Near Term Electric Vehicle (NTEV) Program is a constituent elements of the overall national Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Program that is being implemented by the Department of Energy in accordance with the requirements of the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976. Phase II of the NTEV Program is focused on the detailed design and development, of complete electric integrated test vehicles that incorporate current and near-term technology, and meet specified DOE objectives. The activities described in this Mid-Term Summary Report are being carried out by two contractor teams. The prime contractors for these contractor teams are the General Electric Company and the Garrett Corporation. This report is divided into two discrete parts. Part 1 describes the progress of the General Electric team and Part 2 describes the progress of the Garrett team.

  3. Talker-identification training using simulations of binaurally combined electric and acoustic hearing: generalization to speech and emotion recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krull, Vidya; Luo, Xin; Iler Kirk, Karen

    2012-04-01

    Understanding speech in background noise, talker identification, and vocal emotion recognition are challenging for cochlear implant (CI) users due to poor spectral resolution and limited pitch cues with the CI. Recent studies have shown that bimodal CI users, that is, those CI users who wear a hearing aid (HA) in their non-implanted ear, receive benefit for understanding speech both in quiet and in noise. This study compared the efficacy of talker-identification training in two groups of young normal-hearing adults, listening to either acoustic simulations of unilateral CI or bimodal (CI+HA) hearing. Training resulted in improved identification of talkers for both groups with better overall performance for simulated bimodal hearing. Generalization of learning to sentence and emotion recognition also was assessed in both subject groups. Sentence recognition in quiet and in noise improved for both groups, no matter if the talkers had been heard during training or not. Generalization to improvements in emotion recognition for two unfamiliar talkers also was noted for both groups with the simulated bimodal-hearing group showing better overall emotion-recognition performance. Improvements in sentence recognition were retained a month after training in both groups. These results have potential implications for aural rehabilitation of conventional and bimodal CI users.

  4. Final Report of a CRADA Between Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the General Motors Company (CRADA No. PNNL/271): “Degradation Mechanisms of Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction Technology”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Do Heui; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF; Howden, Ken; Kim, Chang H.; Oh, Se H.; Schmieg, Steven J.; Wiebenga, Michelle H.

    2011-12-13

    Diesel engines can offer substantially higher fuel efficiency, good driving performance characteristics, and reduced carbon dioxide (CO2) emission compared to stoichiometric gasoline engines. Despite the increasing public demand for higher fuel economy and reduced dependency on imported oil, however, meeting the stringent emission standards with affordable methods has been a major challenge for the wide application of these fuel-efficient engines in the US market. The selective catalytic reduction of NOx by urea (urea-SCR) is one of the most promising technologies for NOx emission control for diesel engine exhausts. To ensure successful NOx emission control in the urea-SCR technology, both a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) and a urea-SCR catalyst with high activity and durability are critical for the emission control system. Because the use of this technology for light-duty diesel vehicle applications is new, the relative lack of experience makes it especially challenging to satisfy the durability requirements. Of particular concern is being able to realistically simulate actual field aging of the catalyst systems under laboratory conditions, which is necessary both as a rapid assessment tool for verifying improved performance and certifiability of new catalyst formulations. In addition, it is imperative to develop a good understanding of deactivation mechanisms to help develop improved catalyst materials. In this CRADA program, General Motors Company and PNNL have investigated fresh, laboratory- and vehicle-aged DOC and SCR catalysts. The studies have led to a better understanding of various aging factors that impact the long-term performance of catalysts used in the urea-SCR technology, and have improved the correlation between laboratory and vehicle aging for reduced development time and cost. This Final Report briefly highlights many of the technical accomplishments and documents the productivity of the program in terms of peer-reviewed scientific publications

  5. Liderazgo en un centro de atención telefónica de una empresa comercializadora y distribuidora de energía eléctrica en el noroeste de méxico (leadership in a call center of a company marketer and distributor electricity in northwest mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saavedra, Elena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Using the Multifactor Leadership theoretical model (Bass and Avolio, 1995 was diagnosed the perceived leadership style by 161 workers of a Regional Call Center of a Mexican public company in charge of distribution and marketing of electricity. We used the short version of the MLQ (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, Likert-scaled, validating its internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha for each dimension. Statistical analysis included the overall narrative and the use of structural equations (SPSS 19 and Amos, 19. Model results showed the data are consistent with the proposed research model, with a Chi2 (2=51.26, df=31, p=0.012, 2/df=1.65, RMSEA=0.064, CFI =0.99, NFI=0.96 and TLI=.98. In general, all goodness of fit indicators manifest a good model fit. The results emphasized the importance of a good transactional leadership style complemented by a good transformational leadership style, to achieve good employee extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction. Resumen. Mediante el modelo teórico del Liderazgo Multifactorial (Bass y Avolio, 1995 fue diagnosticado el liderazgo percibido por 161 trabajadores de un Centro de Atención Telefónica Regional, en una empresa pública, mexicana, distribuidora y comercializadora de electricidad. Se utilizó la versión corta del MLQ (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, con escalamiento de Líkert, validándose su confiabilidad interna (alpha de Cronbach por dimensión. El análisis estadístico comprendió la parte descriptiva general y el uso de ecuaciones estructurales (SPSS, 19 y Amos, 19. Los resultados del modelo manifestaron que los datos concuerdan con el modelo de investigación propuesto, con una Chi2 (2=51.26, gl=31, p=0.012, 2/gl=1.65, aceptándose Ha (RMSEA=.064, índices de comparación CFI=0.99, NFI=0.96y TLI=0.98. Los resultados enfatizaron la importancia del liderazgo transformacional complementado con el estilo transaccional para obtener la satisfacción del cliente, del

  6. Source term and radiation dose estimates for postulated damage to the 102 Building at the General Electric Vallecitos Nuclear Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mishima, J.; McPherson, R.B.; Schwendiman, L.C.; Watson, E.C.; Ayer, J.E.

    1979-02-01

    Three scenarios representing significant levels of containment loss due to moderate, substantial, and major damage to the 102 Building at the Vallecitos Nuclear Center are postulated, and the potential radiation doses to the general population as a result of the airborne releases of radionuclides are estimated. The damage scenarios are not correlated to any specific level of seismic activity. The three scenarios are: (1) Moderate damage scenario--perforation of the enclosures in and the structure comprising the Plutonium Analytical Laboratory. (2) Substantial damage scenario--complete loss of containment of the Plutonium Analytical Laboratory and loss of the filters sealing the inlet to the Radioactive Materials Laboratory hot cells. (3) Major damage scenario--the damage outlined in (2) plus the perforation of enclosures holding significant inventories of dispersible plutonium in and the structure comprising the Advanced Fuels Laboratory.

  7. Virtual Company and Modelbank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsteinsson, Uffe

    1996-01-01

    Ansøgning til Socrates programmet vedr. Tematisk netværk inden for området Virtual Company and Modelbank......Ansøgning til Socrates programmet vedr. Tematisk netværk inden for området Virtual Company and Modelbank...

  8. Allocation for manufacturing companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Assuring a high material availability for production is while reducing sourcing costs remains a major logistical challenge for producing companies. Lean economic processes, flexibility and responsiveness - beneficial both for the customer and for the supplier - are characteristics of an excellent customer-supplier relationship. Standard sourcing models offer a field-tested approach for setting up across company boarders processes.

  9. 76 FR 14699 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Notice of Availability of Application for a Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation (an Electric Membership Corporation), Municipal Electric...) pursuant to Section 103 of the Atomic Energy Act and Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10...

  10. 76 FR 11822 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Notice of Availability of Application for a Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation (an Electric Membership Corporation), Municipal Electric... Commission) pursuant to Section 103 of the Atomic Energy Act and Title 10 of the Code of Federal...

  11. 76 FR 13241 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Notice of Availability of Application for a Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation (an Electric Membership Corporation), Municipal Electric...) pursuant to Section 103 of the Atomic Energy Act and title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10...

  12. 76 FR 16645 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company; Notice of Availability of Application for a Combined License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... Power Company, Oglethorpe Power Corporation (an Electric Membership Corporation), Municipal Electric...) pursuant to Section 103 of the Atomic Energy Act and Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10...

  13. Application of simplified model for the analysis of a novel battery used in General Motors' Precept hybrid electric vehicle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verbrugge, M.W. [General Motors Corp., Troy, MI (United States). Advanced Technology Vehicles

    2000-07-01

    The challenges facing the integration of a battery module into an electric vehicle (EV) was discussed and some simple approaches to address these challenges were proposed. The cost of EV batteries inhibits large-scale commercialization. Other challenges include the current, potential and state of charge (SOC) as well as the thermal system requirements and design. One solution is to develop hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) which would mean the battery size could be significantly reduced because the engine would supply most of the needed energy to power the vehicle. The author suggested a simple mathematical method to analyze HEV batteries and conduct trade-offs in order to optimize a car's energy storage, high voltage and thermal systems. A newly developed HEV nickel-metal hydride battery system which is found in General Motors' Precept HEV was used to test the approach. The analysis is partly based on understanding how the past charges and discharges influence the apparent hysteresis characterizing the SOC versus open-circuit potential relationship. The method does not address the temperature deviations with the battery pack. The difference between liquid and air cooling was also determined. It is hoped that battery suppliers will adopt this method to speed the advancement of this sector of development. refs., tabs., figs.

  14. Companies in the Energy Industry in Sweden 2007-2011; Foeretag i Energibranschen i Sverige 2007-2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stroemgren, Samuel

    2013-06-15

    This is a comprehensive analysis of the energy industry in Sweden. More than 3000 companies have been analysed one by one. The companies have been categorised and systematised in a database that includes financial data, number of employees, geographic distribution, R and D- and environmental aspects as well as other industry specific characteristics. The data has then been analysed from a number of perspectives. The study is one in a series of analyses of industrial structure and strategic areas for innovation and renewal in various branches of industry that VINNOVA has initiated. Within the project, companies that work with energy, bringing energy to users as well as companies contributing to energy efficiency in industry, real estate and services and transportation have been identified. Twelve key companies as well as two trade organizations have been interviewed from a labour market perspective, in order to clarify the challenges regarding the future provision of skills facing the industry. The energy industry includes 1121 companies with 71105 employees at 2383 workplaces. In total, the companies had net revenues of 547 billion SEK. The energy industry is a major contributor to Swedish export. The energy industry has over the period been a stable labour market. When several other industries experienced cyclical fluctuations in 2007-2011 the energy sector showed a positive annual growth, 7 % over the studied five-year period. The energy industry's century-old is closely linked to the electrification and post war industrial development in Sweden, which together with the Swedish climate has contributed to the emergence and presence of global energy companies. An example is historical development of ASEA, that has led to a clear concentration of energy competence in some Swedish regions. The energy industry in general has a wide geographic spread of workplaces and infrastructure in Sweden. With a few exceptions, companies are found in all of Sweden's 290

  15. Geometric frequency shift for electric dipole searches with trapped spin-1/2 particles in general fields and measurement cells of arbitrary shape with smooth or rough walls

    CERN Document Server

    Steyerl, A; Müller, G; Golub, R

    2015-01-01

    The important role of geometric phases in searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron, using Ramsey separated oscillatory field nuclear magnetic resonance, was first investigated by Pendlebury $\\textit{et al.}$ [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{70}$, 032102 (2004)]. Their analysis was based on the Bloch equations. In subsequent work using the spin density matrix Lamoreaux and Golub [Phys. Rev. A $\\mathbf{71}$, 032104 (2005)] showed the usual relation between the frequency shifts and the correlation functions of the fields seen by trapped particles in general fields (Redfield theory). More recently we presented a solution of the Schr\\"odinger equation for spin-$1/2$ particles in circular cylindrical traps with smooth walls and exposed to arbitrary fields [Steyerl $\\textit{et al.}$, Phys.Rev. A $\\mathbf{89}$, 052129 (2014)]. Here we extend this work to show how the Redfield theory follows directly from the Schr\\"odinger equation solution and include wall roughness, cylindrical trap geometry with arbitra...

  16. 电子电气产品如何引入生态设计%The General Flow of Integrating Eco-design in Electronic and Electrical Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欢; 李翔; 陈泽勇

    2012-01-01

    在全球环保法规以及可持续发展的要求下,我国电子电气企业为避免出口损失,亟需将生态设计引入产品的研发。该文介绍了电子电气产品引入生态设计的一般流程,并提供生态设计策略供企业参考。%In the requirements of global environmental regulations and sustainable development,the electronic and electrical enterprise shall immediately integrate the eco-design into product development to avoid export losses.This paper introduced the general flow of integrating eco-design into the product research and development process and provided the eco-design strategy for enterprise reference.

  17. Study on risk management for power grid company considering large consumers direct electricity purchasing in electricity markets%电力市场环境下考虑大用户直购电的电网公司风险管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春辉; 刘敏

    2011-01-01

    In the electricity market, the uncertainty of electric quantity and price is the ultimate form of electricity market risk. This paper analyzes the risk of Power Gird Company (PGC) in the Direct Electricity Purchasing (DEP) in terms of policy risks, market risks and operational risks, which shows that the three risks influence and control each other. A risk control and assessment model for PGC based on utility function and Value at Risk (VAR) is proposed by refering to modem investment combination theory in financial field, and also the concept of transfer factor is presented. The calculation results show that the proposed model can truly reflect the essential market risks that PGC faces in the DEP process. Meanwhile, the proposed transfer factor provides a quantitative tool for PGC in the DEP environment and it is pointed out that PGC can benefit from DEP through appropriate risk control methods. Finally,a framework for risk management is proposed, which can help PGC to achieve its business objectives of maximizing its benefits and minimizing the corresponding risks.%电力市场环境下,电量和电价的不确定性为市场风险的最终表现形式.以电网公司为研究对象,从政策风险、运营风险和运行风险三个方面分析了在直购电过程中其可能面临的潜在风险,强调三种风险是相互影响和制约的.借鉴金融领域的现代投资组合理论,建立了基于效用函数和VaR(Value at Risk)的电网公司考虑直购电的风险控制和评估模型,提出了转运因子的概念.算例结果表明,该模型能够有效地反映在直购电过程中电网公司所面临的市场风险的本质,同时转运因子的提出则为电网公司提供了一个量化直购电风险的工具,指出其在通过合理风险控制办法的同时可由直购电而获利.给出了电网公司的总体风险管理框架,该框架能够帮助其达到利润最大化和风险最小化的市场交易目标.

  18. Realization of virtualization technology in the information system of Ningxia Electric Power Company%虚拟化技术在宁夏电力公司信息系统中的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鹏

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the status quo of physical environment saturation and resources utilization rate low in information engine room equipment of State Grid Ningxia Power Company,adopts virtualization technology of VMware Company to improve the information system of Ningxia Power Company,puts forward construction scheme of server platform virtualization. The application result shows that virtualization technology effectively improves business deployment and operation efficiency of the information system of Ningxia Power Company,saves physical resource of engine room equipment,and realizes high feasibility and reliability.%针对国网宁夏电力公司信息机房设备物理环境饱和、资源利用率不高的现状,采用Vmware公司的虚拟化技术对国网宁夏电力公司信息系统进行改进,提出了服务器平台虚拟化的建设方案。应用结果表明:虚拟化技术有效地提高了国网宁夏电力公司信息系统业务部署及运行效率,节省了机房物理资源,实现了系统的高可用性和高可靠性。

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING AND CORPORATE GOVERANANCE FOR FTSE 100 LISTED COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IENCIU IONEL-ALIN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Because environmental information reporting remains voluntary on an international scale, there are major difference in terms of quality and quantity of environmental information, reported by entities from varied sectors and countries. Within this study, I have focused on internal characteristics, consisting mainly in how the entity is managed, in order to identify the existence of certain associations between the characteristics of corporate governance and the existence of environmental reporting. The literature in the field suggests various results related to the correspondence between corporate governance characteristics and environmental reporting. Within the factors suggested by the literature are the board structure, presence of the board committee, the separation between the Chairman of the Board and the Chief Executive Officer, shareholder structure. The paper represent an empirical analyze on how corporate governance characteristics might explain the level of environmental reporting. I suggest a model comprising corporate governance characteristics like: board independence, board size, existence of a Social Responsibility Committee that could explain environmental reporting. The sample comprises 48 companies listed at London Stock Exchange FTSE 100. From FTSE 100 I select only the companies that activates in sectors of activity that may have an impact on the environment such as Aerospace & Defence, Automobiles & Parts, Beverages, Chemicals, Electricity, Food & Drug Retailers, Food Producers, Gas, Water & Multiutilities, General Industrials, Health Care Equipment & Services, Household Goods, Industrial Engineering, Mining, Oil & Gas Producers, Oil Equipment, Services & Distribution, Personal Goods, Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology, Tobacco. My results show that, from the point of view of the London Stock Exchange FTSE 100 listed companies, the presence of an environmental committee in the board help reduce the conflict of interests between

  20. [Post-operative management for 86 cases of heart valve replacement surgery patients undergoing transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation combined with general anesthesia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wen-Xiong; Xu, Jian-Jun; Wu, Yao-Yao; Chi, Hao; Chen, Tong-Yu; Ge, Wen; Zhou, Jia

    2014-02-01

    To summarize post-operative management strategy for heart valve replacement surgery under transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with general anesthesia. From July 2006 to June 2012, a total of 86 cases of open-heart surgery patients experiencing TEAS plus general anesthesia with cardiopulmonary bypass (heart valve replacement surgery without intubation) were recruited in the present summary. Post-operative managements in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were administrated with strict hemodynamic monitoring for volume infusion, routine administration of vasoactive drugs (including dopamine and nitroglycerin), oxygen inhalation, and analgesics and monitoring of central nervous system and renal function. All the 86 patients under TEAS + general anesthesia and cardiopulmonary bypass and without intubation experienced successful heart valve replacement surgery. The post-operative pulmonary infection was found in 8 cases (9.30%), the average stay duration in ICU was (28.6 +/- 6.2) hours, and the average draining volume of the interpleural space was (291 +/- 73)mL. The cardia insufficiency was found in 5 cases (5.81%), hypoxia occurred in 8 cases (9.30%), nausea in 8 cases (9.30%), vomiting 5 cases (5.81%) and post-operative gastrointestinal distension 13 cases (15.12%), mild renal insufficiency 3 cases (3.49%), fever (> 38.5 degrees C) 1 case(1. 16%) and severe post-operative pain 7 cases (8.14%). TEAS combined with general anesthesia is safe for patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. The key points of treatment in ICU are volume infusion, body temperature maintenance, and pain control.

  1. Organigraphs: drawing how companies really work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintzberg, H; Van der Heyden, L

    1999-01-01

    Walk into any organization and you will get a snapshot of the company in action--people and products moving every which way. But ask for a picture of the company and you will be given the org chart, with its orderly little boxes showing just the names and titles of managers. Now there's a more revealing way to depict the people and operations within an organization--an approach called the organigraph. The organigraph is not a chart. It's a map that offers an overview of the company's functions and the ways that people organize themselves at work. Perhaps most important, an organigraph can help managers see untapped competitive opportunities. Drawing on the organigraphs they created for about a dozen companies, authors Mintzberg and Van der Heyden illustrate just how valuable a tool the organigraph is. For instance, one they created for Electrocomponents, a British distributor of electrical and mechanical items, led managers to a better understanding of the company's real expertise--business-to-business relationships. As a result of that insight, the company wisely decided to expand in Asia and to increase its Internet business. As one manager says, "It allowed the company to see all sorts of new possibilities." With traditional hierarchies vanishing and newfangled--and often quite complex--organizational forms taking their place, people are struggling to understand how their companies work. What parts connect to one another? How should processes and people come together? Whose ideas have to flow where? With their flexibility and realism, organigraphs give managers a new way to answer those questions.

  2. Legal assumptions for private company claim for additional (supplementary payment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šogorov Stevan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Subject matter of analyze in this article are legal assumptions which must be met in order to enable private company to call for additional payment. After introductory remarks discussion is focused on existence of provisions regarding additional payment in formation contract, or in shareholders meeting general resolution, as starting point for company's claim. Second assumption is concrete resolution of shareholders meeting which creates individual obligations for additional payments. Third assumption is defined as distinctness regarding sum of payment and due date. Sending of claim by relevant company body is set as fourth legal assumption for realization of company's right to claim additional payments from member of private company.

  3. SICHUAN GEOPHYSICAL COMPANY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Sichuan Geophysical Company (abbreviated as SCGC below), originally named Sichuan Geophysical Company of CNPC Sichuan Petroleum, was founded in 1956 and is a subsidiary of CNPC Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Company Limited. With more than 50 years' development, SCGC now owns almost 3800 employees and has become a big oil & gas seismic exploration engineering service enterprise with the characteristic mountain seismic exploration techniques, and its annual business turnover reaches nearly 2 billion RMB. It can provide the integrated seismic exploration engineering service including seismic data acquisition, processing, interpretation, and geological comprehensive evaluation in various complex regions for clients at home and abroad.

  4. Valuation of Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Lisník

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with valuating telecommunications companies. Six groups operating mainly in the European countries are compared. The comparison is based on financial and techno-economic indicators.These indicators are used to value the company by the DCF method. However, many companies have only a very short history. To value these, classical methods like DCF or real options are not suitable. In this case, methods based on market confrontation seem to be efficient. A further exploration of these methods is also the topic of my graduate studies 

  5. 18 CFR 366.23 - FERC Form No. 60, Annual reports of centralized service companies, and FERC-61, Narrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Annual reports of centralized service companies, and FERC-61, Narrative description of service company... companies, and FERC-61, Narrative description of service company functions. (a) General. (1) FERC Form No... 1 each year thereafter, a narrative description, FERC-61, of the service company's functions...

  6. 78 FR 11638 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice of Petition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice... Docket Nos. PR13-29-000, and PR13-30-000 (not consolidated), Michigan Consolidated Gas Company (MichCon) and DTE Gas Company (DTE Gas) filed to institute a name change to both itself from MichCon to DTE...

  7. 75 FR 13524 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas... of Application March 16, 2010. Take notice that on March 5, 2010, Northern Natural Gas Company... other owners, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental...

  8. [Electrical stimulation therapy and its effects on the general activity of motor impaired cerebral palsied children; a comparative study of the Bobath physiotherapy and its combination with the Hufschmidt electrical stimulation therapy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyendecker, C

    1975-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: (1) Is it more effective to treat spastic cerebral palsy with the Hufschmidt electrical stimulation therapy combined with the Bobath neuro-development treatment or only with the Bobath therapy? (2) Can a general increase in activity be obtained by the electrotherapeutic muscle stimulation? A test group (combined Hufschmidt/Bobath therapy) and a control group (Bobath), both consisting of 10 subjects, were observed for four months. The duration of observation was divided into two four months treatment periods with a rest interval of two months in between. At the start of therapeutic measures, motor activity and psychic condition were tested with corresponding motormetric and psychodiagnostic techniques; three check-up examinations were carried out at the end of the first, and at the beginning and end of the second period of treatment. The motor-metric control examination showed that at the end of the first period the test group had achieved by far the better results, but at the end of the second therapeutic period, both groups were equally successful. The combined electrophysiotherapy hence reached in a relatively shorter time - as it were by leaps and bounds - the optimal obtainable state of functional improvements which, with the Bobath therapy alone, can be effected more slowly but with more continuity. The psychodiagnostic controls clearly indicate that the electrical stimulation produced an unspecified increase in activity, especially after the first phase of treatment, whereas in the second phase this could only be proven in a graded form. The report closes with an examination of the results and their consequences for the implementation of the treatment for cerebral palsied children.

  9. Report made on behalf of the mixed parity commission in charge of the text proposal about the remaining dispositions to be discussed of the project of law relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the electric and gas companies; Rapport fait au nom de la Commission mixte paritaire chargee de proposer un texte sur les dispositions restant en discussion du projet de loi relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gaziere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenoir, J.C.; Poniatowski, L

    2004-07-01

    This project of law aims to adapt the electricity and gas sector to the new economical context of opening of the energy markets to competition. It gives to energy companies the internal organization base necessary to warrant a high level of service and a transparent and non-discriminatory access of third parties to transport and distribution networks. These evolutions will allow Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) companies to compete on equal terms with their European competitors. It confirms first the prime role of public utility of both companies and then transposes the dispositions of the European directives relative to the organization of EdF and GdF integrated companies. It foresees the creation of two daughter companies for the management of energy transport activities. The project of law foresees also the change of the status of EdF and GdF companies and the reform of the retirement pensions of the personnel. This report presents, first, in a comparative table the articles adopted by the French house of commons and the changes adopted by the Senate. Then, a common text is proposed by the mixed parity commission for the articles that remained under discussion. (J.S.)

  10. Law project modified by the Senate after urgency declaration relative to the electric and gas public utilities and to the power and gas companies; Projet de loi modifie par le Senat apres declaration d'urgence relatif au service public de l'electricite et du gaz et aux entreprises electriques et gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This document is the modifications made by the French Senate after the first reading of the law project adopted by the House of Commons and relative to the change of status of the power and gas public utilities in the framework of the deregulation of European energy markets. This law changes the juridical status of the two state monopolies Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) into two anonymous companies and creates two additional companies for the management of the power and gas networks. It ensures also the transposition of the European directives from June 26, 2003 (2003/54/CE and 2003/55/CE). It contains some proper dispositions and modifies various existing French laws, in particular the law no. 46-628 from April 8, 1946 about the electricity and gas nationalization and the law no. 2000-108 from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric public utility. The document lists the modifications made by the Senate article by article. (J.S.)

  11. 电力工程总承包风险管理研究%Risk management on electric power project general contracting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玕

    2013-01-01

      The mode of electric power engineering general contracting is a risky business for all kinds of risk throughout the project. Recognizing and controlling risk timely which improves the ability to resist risks dramatically decides the institute and its subordinate whether can remain invincible in the fierce competition. This paper illustrates all kinds of risks and effective measures on risk-controlling during general contracting projects, aiming at building an overall and systematic mechanism on risk management.%  电力工程总承包是一项充满风险的事业,各种风险贯穿于项目的全过程。能否及时识别并控制风险,提高企业抗风险能力,在很大程度上将决定电力工程总承包企业能否在激烈的市场竞争中立于不败之地。文章阐明电力工程总承包项目可能产生的风险,并提出风险控制措施,力求实现风险控制机制建设的全面性及系统性。

  12. OPTIMIZATION OF PAYMENTS ON ELECTRICITY MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleskerov F.T.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the dynamic analysis of the processes, which take place on electricity market during the transition period is shown. The system of equations, which describes electricity market between adjacent regions and allows forecasting electricity consumption volumes and electricity prices in these regions for given time interval, is examined. A model on electricity consumption and prices dynamics is described. Criterion of maximization of total revenue of the companies producing electricity in examined regions is considered.

  13. 化工企业可燃液体储罐区的通用安全要求%The General Safety Requirements of Chemical Companies Flammable Liquid Storage Tank Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The article mainly introduce the selection,layout and security monitoring equipment of chemical companies flammable liquid storage tank.%  介绍在化工装置可燃液体罐区储罐的选型、布置和安全监控装备的设置。

  14. Office of Inspector General report on audit of the Western Area Power Administration`s contract with Basin Electric Power Cooperative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-06-25

    At the request of the Western Area Power Administration (Western), an audit of 17 areas was conducted with respect to possible overcharges on a power contract between Western and Basin Electric Power Cooperative (Basin), Contract No. DE-MP65-82WP-19001. The contract for Western`s purchase of electric power from Basin was entered into on April 15, 1982, and was in effect from January 1, 1986, through October 31, 1990. During this 58-month period, Basin billed Western approximately $197.6 million. Overall, it was found that Basin overcharged Western approximately $23.8 million. These overcharges occurred because Basin: (1) did not recognize or amortize as gain its overestimate of completion and correction costs for Antelope Valley Station (AVS) Unit 2; (2) did not amortize the gain on the sale/leaseback of AVS Unit 2 as an offset to lease costs; (3) billed Western prematurely for lease and interest costs; (4) overcharged for the cost of coal by including administrative and general expenses and profit, as well as incorrectly calculating discounts, royalty payments, and imputed interest costs; (5) made faulty calculations of amortization rates for deferred costs; (6) used a shorter depreciation period for AVS common facilities than it had used for other power plants; (7) retained tax benefit transfers; and (8) charged Western for interest and depreciation that had been paid by others. In addition to the $23.8 million in overcharges, interest accrued on the overcharges through December 31, 1996 was estimated to be approximately $22.1 million, resulting in a total of $45.9 million due Western.

  15. Application of wind power systems to the Service Area of the Minnesota Power and Light Company. Final report, July 1975--August 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindquist, O.H.; Malver, F.S.

    1976-01-01

    Honeywell, in a joint effort with Minnesota Power and Light Company (MP and L), Boeing Vertol Company, and Dr. C.G. Justus, Georgia Institute of Technology, has conducted a regional application study of wind energy systems. Minnesota Power and Light Company, an investor-owned company with 853-MW owned capacity, has served as the case study subject utility. An initial system definition was developed based on available wind information and near-term wind turbine generator (WTG) technology. The system was tailored to fit MP and L's forecasted generation needs and the company's existing transmission and distribution system. Honeywell developed a WECS simulation to convert wind data to wind energy available for input to the utility's grid. The simulation was used to evaluate the performance of preliminary design wind turbine generators developed for ERDA/NASA by the General Electric Company and Kaman Aerospace Corporation, and to evaluate the performance of a wind turbine optimized for the Northern Minnesota wind regime and developed by the Boeing Vertol Company under subcontract to Honeywell.

  16. Electric power monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly: October 1995, with data for July 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-19

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  18. Electric power monthly, June 1999, with data for March 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  19. Electric power monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  20. Electric power monthly, September 1998, with data for June 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  1. Electric power monthly, April 1999 with data for January 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  2. Guidelines to thermographic inspection of electrical installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perch-Nielsen, Thomas; Sorensen, Jens C.

    1994-03-01

    Under the leadership of Danish Technological Institute, Dept. of Energy Technology the initiative was taken in 1991 to coordinate a project to explain and produce documented material for the interpretation of thermograms and to develop practical guidelines for thermographic inspection in electrical plants. Representatives include insurance companies, electricity utility companies, thermography contractors, industrial companies, and suppliers of electrical components and materials from 20 different firms. The project report describes the causes for thermally related defects in electric plants, statistical adaption of already detected defects, defect sources of electric thermography and practical tests charting excess temperature as a function of the current at different typical defects. The guidelines describe how a thermographic examination of larger electrical plants should be carried out in practice. This includes the agreement between customer and thermography contractor, report elaboration, and how different defects are interpreted. This paper describes the project's main contents and its expected effect on industry and insurance companies.

  3. Oil Companies Climb Global List

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JESSY ZHANG

    2006-01-01

    @@ Backed by the huge market size,China's energy companies have been ranked in the group of the world's largest industry players. On September 6th,eight companies from the Chinese mainland and six companies from Hong Kong SAR were included in this year's Platts Top 250 Energy Companies List.

  4. Forms of Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Companies in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Neoh, Sher Lyn

    2015-01-01

    This management project seeks to explore the corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices of companies in Malaysia. To do this, the first part of the study looks into the general views of CSR along with its drivers and enablers before going into the collaboration patterns and drivers of companies and non-governmental organisation. In addition, some findings of multi-national corporations and CSR in Malaysia is also brought forward in this study. The companies selected for this study will t...

  5. Captive insurance companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The landscape of the business world is changing; and now, more than ever, business owners are recognizing that life is filled with risks: known risk, calculated risk, and unexpected risk. Every day, businesses thrive or fail based on understanding the risk of owning and operating their business, and business owners are recognizing that there are alternative risk financing mechanisms other than simply taking out a basket of standard coverage as recommended by your friendly neighborhood agent. A captive insurance company is an insurance company established to provide a broad range of risk management capabilities to affiliated companies. The captive is owned by the business owner and can provide insurance to the business for potential future losses, whether or not the losses are already covered by a commercial carrier or are "self-insured." The premiums paid by your business are tax deductible. Meanwhile, the premiums that your captive collects are tax-free up to $1.2 million annually.

  6. Companies as "Cyborgs"?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Grahame

    This paper investigates the legal and commercial consequences of companies being considered as both an entity and a person in law – hence the notion of ‘cyborg’ in its title. It concentrates upon legal personhood and relates this particular feature to the issue of corporate citizenship. In turn...... corporate citizenship provides a link to considering the political role of companies, since in claiming citizenship they are implicitly at least claiming a particular set of political rights consequent upon that status, and announcing a particular politically constrained context associated...... with their operational characteristics. But what would be involved in granting companies full citizenship rights in the image of natural person citizenship? The paper explores this issue in connection to the differences between corporate social responsibility and an earlier idea of the socially responsible corporation...

  7. Enterprise Architecture in the Company Management Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojinov Bojidar Violinov

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to explore the role and importance of the concept of enterprise architecture in modern company management. For this purpose it clarifies the nature, scope, components of the enterprise architecture and relationships within it using the Zachman model. Based on the critical analysis of works by leading scientists, there presented a definition of enterprise architecture as a general description of all elements of strategic management of the company combined with description of its organizational, functional and operational structure, including the relationship between all tangible and intangible resources essential for its normal functioning and development. This in turn enables IT enterprise architecture to be defined as a set of corporate IT resources (hardware, software and technology, their interconnection and integration within the overall architecture of the company, as well as their formal description, methods and tools for their modeling and management in order to achieve strategic business goals of the organization. In conclusion the article summarizes the significance and role of enterprise architecture for strategic management of the company in today’s digital economy. The study underlines the importance of an integrated multidisciplinary approach to the work of a contemporary company, and the need for adequate matching and alignment of IT with business priorities and objectives of the company.

  8. RESTRUCTURING COMPANIES UNDER CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezi Aviram SHAYB

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nobody is planning to fail, but many companies are failing because of lack of planning. Real business experience showed during the years that crisis can be prevented, avoided or limited. If detected in time, the risks associated with the crisis can be mitigated and the effects can be diminished, with the condition that the actions required are done fast, in a sharp and accurate manner. When it comes, a crisis brings an intense level of pressure and under these conditions there is no time or room for mistakes. Delays, losing focus and lack of planning will bring a company one step away from failure. The right way to deal with crisis, if required measures are not done in time, is to minimize the losses and reposition in the best way possible. Analysing the success stories of some of the biggest and strongest companies in the world, led to an important conclusion: the majority of these companies were in the situation to face huge crises which threatened their ability to survive in certain moments, on their way to success. With the right planning and by setting a proper organisational structure, the negative aspects of the crisis can be turned into benefits and opportunities for the company. The most critical challenge for management is to assess the level of exposure to risk of the company and identify the key points to focus on in order to overcome the crisis and create value. In order to set up a strong plan in dealing with crisis, a business organisation needs reliable, efficient and effective tools and this is what this article is all about.

  9. RESTRUCTURING COMPANIES UNDER CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezi Aviram SHAYB

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nobody is planning to fail, but many companies are failing because of lack of planning. Real business experience showed during the years that crisis can be prevented, avoided or limited. If detected in time, the risks associated with the crisis can be mitigated and the effects can be diminished, with the condition that the actions required are done fast, in a sharp and accurate manner. When it comes, a crisis brings an intense level of pressure and under these conditions there is no time or room for mistakes. Delays, losing focus and lack of planning will bring a company one step away from failure. The right way to deal with crisis, if required measures are not done in time, is to minimize the losses and reposition in the best way possible. Analysing the success stories of some of the biggest and strongest companies in the world, led to an important conclusion: the majority of these companies were in the situation to face huge crises which threatened their ability to survive in certain moments, on their way to success. With the right planning and by setting a proper organisational structure, the negative aspects of the crisis can be turned into benefits and opportunities for the company. The most critical challenge for management is to assess the level of exposure to risk of the company and identify the key points to focus on in order to overcome the crisis and create value. In order to set up a strong plan in dealing with crisis, a business organisation needs reliable, efficient and effective tools and this is what this article is all about.

  10. Avaliação de transportadoras de materiais perigosos utilizando o método electre tri The eletre tri method applied to the evaluation of companies transporting hazardous materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Gomes Costa

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresenta-se uma metodologia para a classificação e escolha de prestadores de serviço para transporte de materiais perigosos, fundamentado na metodologia de Auxílio Multicritério à Decisão - AMD. A metodologia aqui proposta apresenta características que permitem considerar a subjetividade inerente ao processo de avaliação de desempenho dos Prestadores de Serviço, diferenciando-se, assim, de outros métodos de seleção de fornecedores de serviços de transportes. As particularidades da metodologia proposta, principalmente em relação à sua aplicabilidade, foram verificadas num caso em uma empresa distribuidora de combustíveis, com rede de postos em todo o Brasil.This article proposes a method for the classification and selection of hazardous materials transporters based on Multicriteria Decision Making (MCDM concepts. This approach involves characteristics that allow the subjectivity inherent to the process of evaluating the performance of Service Companies to be considered, thus differentiating it from other transport services supplier selection methods. The particularities of the proposed methodology, particularly insofar as its applicability is concerned, were assessed by means of a case study involving a fuel distribution company which owns gas stations throughout the country.

  11. PREVENTION OF COMPANY RISKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUCI U GHEORGHE

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A company’s manager has to create and maintain a healthy internal control system. An efficient internal control system implies the implementation in the company of risk management. Each company, but also each individual, who tries to attain certain objectives, establishes the activities which lead to the achievement of goals and, at the same time, tries to identify as many “threats” as possible, in order to take the necessary measures to eliminate them. Thus, even if one is not familiar with the concepts of risk and risk management, one acts, consciously or not, for that purpose.

  12. Competitor Analysis : Company X

    OpenAIRE

    Valkama, Suvi

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis was to create a competitor analysis of the market of stainless steel swimming pools for the commissioner Company X, a company that will be set up in the near future. The thesis aimed at finding out the commissioner’s assets in producing stainless steel swimming pools as well as defining its competitive advantage. This was done by identifying the relative strengths and weaknesses of the main competitors named by the commissioner. Moreover, the purpose of the thesis wa...

  13. COMPANY ACTIVITY FINANCIAL RISK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caruntu Genu Alexandru

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In economic and financial activity, risk is an inherent financial decisions, encountered in daily agenda of managers of companies. Unexpected changes in the price of a product development not only affect the financial results of a company, but can cause even bankruptcy. In fact, the nature of financial decisions involve uncertainty. Financial decisions are made based on cash flows under future contracts, which are par excellence incerte.Activitatea an enterprise that holds any weight in the industry is subject to risks, since it can not predict with certainty different components of its outcome (cost, quantity, price and operating cycle (purchase, processing, sales.

  14. Budget Setting Strategies for the Company's Divisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berg, M.; Brekelmans, R.C.M.; De Waegenaere, A.M.B.

    1997-01-01

    The paper deals with the issue of budget setting to the divisions of a company. The approach is quantitative in nature both in the formulation of the requirements for the set-budgets, as related to different general managerial objectives of interest, and in the modelling of the inherent uncertaintie

  15. Electric distribution systems

    CERN Document Server

    Sallam, A A

    2010-01-01

    "Electricity distribution is the penultimate stage in the delivery of electricity to end users. The only book that deals with the key topics of interest to distribution system engineers, Electric Distribution Systems presents a comprehensive treatment of the subject with an emphasis on both the practical and academic points of view. Reviewing traditional and cutting-edge topics, the text is useful to practicing engineers working with utility companies and industry, undergraduate graduate and students, and faculty members who wish to increase their skills in distribution system automation and monitoring."--

  16. The impact of high performance work systems in Irish companies: an examination of company and employee outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Mkamwa, Thadeus F.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the impact of High Performance Work Systems (HPWS) on company and employee-level performance outcomes. At the company level, the study examines the outcomes of HPWS usage on innovation, productivity and turnover. The study uses data collected from 132 companies in Ireland who participated in a general manager (GM) and human resource (HR) manager survey conducted in 2006. This study shows that an extensive application ...

  17. Smart customers, dumb companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, C

    2000-01-01

    Customers today are being bombarded with an overwhelming array of choices. To alleviate customer frustration, say Steven Cristol and Peter Sealey in Simplicity Marketing, companies should stop creating new brands and product extensions. Better to consolidate product and service functions by following a four R approach: replace, repackage, reposition, and replenish. That's an outmoded, dictatorial view of markets, says Christopher Locke. Far from being stymied by choices, customers are rapidly becoming smarter than the companies that pretend to serve them. In this networked economy, people are talking among themselves, and that changes everything. Locke predicts we'll see a growing number of well-defined micromarkets--groups of customers converging in real time around entertaining and knowledgeable voices--such as NPR's car guys and the Motley Fool investment site. "Micromedia" Web sites will replace traditional advertising because they'll provide credible user-supplied news about products and services. Locke contends that an open exchange of information solves the "problem" of choice much better than manipulative strategies like simplicity or even permission marketing. Companies can participate in micromarkets through what Locke dubs "gonzo marketing." If Ford, for example, discovers that a subset of its employees are organic gardeners, it may offer support to a big independent organic-gardening Web site with donations and employee volunteers. This marketing effort would be driven not by advertising managers but by people with genuine interest in each micromarket, so it would have credibility with customers. With gonzo marketing, both companies and their markets will benefit.

  18. Pork in good company?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verbeke, Wim; Perez-Cueto, Federico J.; de Barcellos, Marcia D.

    2013-01-01

    (odds ratio=1.30) as side dishes to pork meat. Substantial cross-cultural differences were revealed in line with typical pork consumption and meal composition habits in the respective countries. Finally, this study found that the company of family plays a significant role when choosing side dishes...

  19. 33 CFR 106.205 - Company Security Officer (CSO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Company Security Officer (CSO...) Facility Security Requirements § 106.205 Company Security Officer (CSO). (a) General. (1) An OCS facility...; (6) Ensure the timely correction of problems identified by audits or inspections; (7)...

  20. Economic evaluation of safety measures for transport companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietveld, Piet; Rienstra, Sytze A.

    1998-01-01

    Measures to reduce material damage within companies may both increase the business economic performance of the company and traffic safety in general. In this paper the notion of whether such measures are economically feasible is investigated. Results are presented of a series of interviews amongtran

  1. 13 CFR 108.230 - Private Capital for NMVC Companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Capitalizing A Nmvc Company § 108.230 Private Capital for NMVC Companies. (a) General. Private Capital means the contributed capital of a NMVC... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Private Capital for NMVC...

  2. EFFECTS OF RAISING CAPITAL ON FINANCIAL INDICATORS OF THE COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe NEGOESCU

    2014-01-01

    The financial consequences of growth capital are different depending of accomplishing technical. In these circumstances the General Meeting of Shareholders decide to increase capital. The decision depends on the effect of increasing the potential financial capital, financial stability and financial structure of the company. Next, I will present the financial consequences of growth capital to a company profile in the petrochemical industry.

  3. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume I. General discussion and Examination of the articles; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome I. Discussion generale et Examen des articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    This report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply is composed of three parts. The first part contains the following three sections: I. The electricity, a commodity as others?; II. The stride towards liberalization; III. France and the opening of electricity market. In turn, the first section addresses the following two subjects: A. The 'classic' approach or recognizing the peculiarity of electricity; B. The European approach or the trend of trivializing the electricity. The second section addresses the subjects titled: A. A long and severe bargaining; B. Directive 96/92/CE of 19 December 1996, a new step in achieving a domestic market of electricity; C. The stage of implementation throughout the member states. The third section presents the current juridical framework and the main problems stipulated in the draft of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. The second part of this report is devoted to the debates in the Commission of Production and Exchanges and contains the following three sections: I. Auditions; II. General discussion; III. The examination of the articles of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply.

  4. Summary of measured radiofrequency electric and magnetic fields (10 kHz to 30 GHz) in the general and work environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantiply, E D; Pohl, K R; Poppell, S W; Murphy, J A

    1997-01-01

    We have plotted data from a number of studies on the range of radiofrequency (RF) field levels associated with a variety of environmental and occupational sources. Field intensity is shown in units of volts/meter (V/m) for electric field strength and amps/meter (A/m) for magnetic field strength. Duty factors, modulation frequencies, and modulation indices are also reported for some sources. This paper is organized into seven sections, each cataloging sources into appropriate RF frequency bands from very-low frequency (VLF) to super-high frequency (SHF), and covers frequencies from 10 kHz to 30 GHz. Sources included in this summary are the following: Coast Guard navigational transmitters, a Navy VLF transmitter, computer visual display terminals (VDTs), induction stoves or range tops, industrial induction and dielectric heaters, radio and television broadcast transmitters, amateur and citizens band (CB) transmitters, medical diathermy and electrosurgical units, mobile and handheld transmitters, cordless and cellular telephones, microwave ovens, microwave terrestrial relay and satellite uplinks, and police, air traffic, and aircraft onboard radars. For the sources included in this summary, the strongest fields are found near industrial induction and dielectric heaters, and close to the radiating elements or transmitter leads of high power antenna systems. Handheld transmitters can produce near fields of about 500 V/m at the antenna. Fields in the general urban environment are principally associated with radio and TV broadcast services and measure about 0.1 V/m root-mean-square (rms). Peak fields from air traffic radars sampled in one urban environment were about 10 V/m, 300 times greater than the rms value of 0.03 V/m when the duty factor associated with antenna rotation and pulsing are factored in.

  5. Top-down/bottom-up description of electricity sector for Switzerland using the GEM-E3 computable general equilibrium model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krakowski, R. A

    2006-06-15

    Participation of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in the advancement and extension of the multi-region, Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model GEM-E3 (CES/KUL, 2002) focused primarily on two top-level facets: a) extension of the model database and model calibration, particularly as related to the second component of this study, which is; b) advancement of the dynamics of innovation and investment, primarily through the incorporation of Exogenous Technical Learning (ETL) into he Bottom-Up (BU, technology-based) part of the dynamic upgrade; this latter activity also included the completion of the dynamic coupling of the BU description of the electricity sector with the 'Top-Down' (TD, econometric) description of the economy inherent to the GEM-E3 CGE model. The results of this two- component study are described in two parts that have been combined in this single summary report: Part I describes the methodology and gives illustrative results from the BUTD integration, as well as describing the approach to and giving preliminary results from incorporating an ETL description into the BU component of the overall model; Part II reports on the calibration component of task in terms of: a) formulating a BU technology database for Switzerland based on previous work; incorporation of that database into the GEM-E3 model; and calibrating the BU database with the TD database embodied in the (Swiss) Social Accounting Matrix (SAM). The BUTD coupling along with the ETL incorporation described in Part I represent the major effort embodied in this investigation, but this effort could not be completed without the calibration preamble reported herein as Part II. A brief summary of the scope of each of these key study components is given. (author)

  6. Occupational noise in printing companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihailovic, Aleksandra; Grujic, Selena D; Kiurski, Jelena; Krstic, Jelena; Oros, Ivana; Kovacevic, Ilija

    2011-10-01

    The extent of noise in five printing companies in Novi Sad, Serbia, was determined using TES-1358A Sound Analyzer with RS-232 Interface. The data on equivalent A-level (dBA), as well as, maximum and minimum sound pressure levels were collected. It was found that folders and offset printing units are the predominant noise sources, with the average L (eq) levels of 87.66 and 82.7 dBA, respectively. Forty percent of the machines produced noise levels above the limiting threshold level of 85 dBA, allowed by law. The noise in all printing companies was dominated by higher frequency noise, and the maximum level mostly appeared at 4,000 Hz. For offset printing machines and folders, the means of L (eq) levels exceeded the permissible levels given by NR-80 curve at higher frequencies. There are no published studies of occupational noise and hearing impairment of workers exposed to hazardous noise in printing industry in Serbia. More extensive studies are needed to determine the exact impact of noise on the workers. Technical and organizational measures in order to control noise and prevent noise exposure, and general hearing conservation program to protect workers, should be introduced in printing industry.

  7. Hydrogen-via-electricity concept. Critique report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escher, W. J. D.

    1981-01-01

    The hydrogen-via-electricity (HvE) concept is the prospective use of hydrogen fuel produced electrolytically from the electric utility grid as a means of responding to conventional fuels shortages. The two sets of comments and critiques of this concept solicited from the Government/Government contractor group and from the electric utility companies are presented.

  8. New Comer Orientation Training in Manufacturing Industry: A Comparison Analysis Between Indonesian Company and Japanese Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Chih Liao

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Organization must constantly expands their knowledge, skills and behavior to meet customer need and compete in today’s demanding and rapidly changing business environment. As there are many foreign company in Indonesia, this research is attempt to understand how the Japanese ownership companies in Indonesia makes its new comer orientation training program differ with original Indonesian company. Approach: The research is qualitative research using case study research by interviewing General Manager and Human Resources manager in Company in Indonesia. Case study research excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue or object and can extend experience or add strength to what is already known through previous research. Results: Different perspective on valuing employee and the different characteristic in the ownership of the company has given different style on its orientation training for new comer and reflected in its content of the training. Finally, new comer orientations can result in different effects. Most Japanese Company has more structures and formal orientation training for new comer than Indonesian Company. The higher the level of Japan ownership, the more the orientation are aim to provide new comer with fundamental philosophy and basic thinking of the company. They are preparing new comer to have the right attitude, knowing the basic rules and regulations. Conclusion: The contribution of this study is to gain deeper understanding from different points of views on new comer orientation training program by studying case studies in 4 companies located in Indonesia. A formal and structured new comer orientation program can reduce the turnover rate, give stability for human resources assurance and win the competition in the market. Indonesian companies will in the future trying to match with others company who’s think their employee as an assets. Employee will more willing to work and contribute in the

  9. Electric power monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Sandra R.; Johnson, Melvin; McClevey, Kenneth; Calopedis, Stephen; Bolden, Deborah

    1992-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

  10. Evaluation of energy saving tasks performed by the energy transmission and distribution companies; Denmark; Evaluering af energiselskabernes energibespareaktiviteter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Togeby, M. (Ea Energianalyse A/S, Copenhagen (Denmark))

    2012-05-15

    The evaluation is described in the Agreement of 20 November 2009 between the Danish Climate and Energy Minister and the distribution companies for electricity, natural gas, district heating and oil about the companies' future energy conservation efforts. The evaluation was conducted to provide recommendations for adjusting the system. The results of the evaluation show that energy companies and utilities meet the overall savings obligation. In 2011, 2,098 GWh savings are recorded, which is more than the obligation. The evaluation shows that the net effect is about 760 GWh (36%). When looking at types of energy companies, then the oil companies' activities generally have a low net effect and additionally is assessed to be low in relation to the district heating companies' renovation of the district heating network. The greatest additionally exists among large savings in the industry. The means that energy companies use to achieve savings obligations are significantly different today than a few years ago. Today there are grants for more than 85% of registered savings. Before 2006 primarily information and advice was used. Thus an estimated 400 million DKK annually is used for grants. Socio-economics is positive for the part of the effort that is aimed at businesses. The socio-economic value of the savings is calculated to be twice as large as the total cost when you only look at the industry. The system can thus be readily seen as a useful instrument to promote energy conservation in industry. For households, it is estimated that the net effect is 20% of the reported savings, while for industry the net effect is estimated to be 45%. Also, for renovations of the heat distribution networks the net effect is estimated to be low. (LN)

  11. Evaluation of energy saving tasks performed by the energy transmission and distribution companies; Denmark; Evaluering af energiselskabernes energibespareaktiviteter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Togeby, M. (Ea Energianalyse A/S, Copenhagen (Denmark))

    2012-05-15

    The evaluation is described in the Agreement of 20 November 2009 between the Danish Climate and Energy Minister and the distribution companies for electricity, natural gas, district heating and oil about the companies' future energy conservation efforts. The evaluation was conducted to provide recommendations for adjusting the system. The results of the evaluation show that energy companies and utilities meet the overall savings obligation. In 2011, 2,098 GWh savings are recorded, which is more than the obligation. The evaluation shows that the net effect is about 760 GWh (36%). When looking at types of energy companies, then the oil companies' activities generally have a low net effect and additionally is assessed to be low in relation to the district heating companies' renovation of the district heating network. The greatest additionally exists among large savings in the industry. The means that energy companies use to achieve savings obligations are significantly different today than a few years ago. Today there are grants for more than 85% of registered savings. Before 2006 primarily information and advice was used. Thus an estimated 400 million DKK annually is used for grants. Socio-economics is positive for the part of the effort that is aimed at businesses. The socio-economic value of the savings is calculated to be twice as large as the total cost when you only look at the industry. The system can thus be readily seen as a useful instrument to promote energy conservation in industry. For households, it is estimated that the net effect is 20% of the reported savings, while for industry the net effect is estimated to be 45%. Also, for renovations of the heat distribution networks the net effect is estimated to be low. (LN)

  12. Marketing company profile: Consumer-led company features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovačević Ivana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting point in defining modern company profile is its absolute orientation to customers. So called Customer-led companies are those which all their activities put toward customers instead of product which is offered. These companies try to make all their sectors to be oriented toward customers.

  13. Innovation strategies for generic drug companies: moving into supergenerics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Malcolm S F

    2010-04-01

    Pharmaceutical companies that market generic products generally are not regarded as innovators, but rather as companies that produce copies of originator products to be launched at patent expiration. However, many generics companies have developed excellent scientific innovative skills in an effort to circumvent the defense patents of originator companies. More patents per product, in terms of both drug substances (process patents and polymorph patents) and formulations, are issued to generics companies than to companies that are traditionally considered to be 'innovators'. This quantity of issued patents highlights the technical knowledge and skill sets that are available in generics companies. In order to adopt a completely innovative model (ie, the development of NCEs), a generics company would require a completely new set of skills in several fields, including a sufficient knowledge base, project and risk management experience, and capability for clinical data evaluation. However, with relatively little investment, generics companies should be able to progress into the so-called 'supergeneric' drug space - an area of innovation that reflects the existing competencies of both innovative and generics companies.

  14. Innovation of costing system in metallurgical companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kutač

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Innovation means creating and implementing new ideas in theory and practice. Generally speaking, companies in the Czech Republic that don’t have a foreign owner behave very conservatively as far as the used costing system is concerned. This also applies to metallurgical companies and foundries. The decision on method of costing calculations should be included in the sphere of strategic decision-making. The strategy must also define how to use method so as to obtain new orders which, as a result, should lead to an increase in production volume, and thereby to higher capacity utilization and also to higher overall sales. The article discusses the innovation of costing system in metallurgical companies.

  15. New Danish Company Act on Shareholders' Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    . The substantial elements in many agreements are clauses on (1) voting for board candidates, (2) voting for dividends of certain proportions, and (3) first refusal rights, respectively, call options for shares in the company. Such clauses are at the very roots of corporate law, dealing with the shareholders’ (1......Section 82 of the Danish Company Act, in force from 1 March 2010, provides that ‘Shareholders’ agreements are neither binding on the company nor on decisions taken by the general assembly’. This has far-reaching consequences for shareholders’ agreements, also for already existing agreements......) dispose of his shares in a different way than what is agreed upon, section 82 will show its ugly face, and contractual law and corporate law must in such cases be regarded as two different worlds. The remedies against this are partly of a contractual nature (penalty, mutual pledge in shares, injunction...

  16. Electric Field Imaging Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcutt, Terrence; Hughitt, Brian; Burke, Eric; Generazio, Edward

    2016-01-01

    NDE historically has focused technology development in propagating wave phenomena with little attention to the field of electrostatics and emanating electric fields. This work is intended to bring electrostatic imaging to the forefront of new inspection technologies, and new technologies in general. The specific goals are to specify the electric potential and electric field including the electric field spatial components emanating from, to, and throughout volumes containing objects or in free space.

  17. Construction of comprehensive budget management system in Datun Coal Electricity Company%大屯煤电公司全面预算管理体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静; 刘洋; 窦韶东

    2014-01-01

    Through analyzing the necessity of comprehensive budget and some existing probG lems in coal enterprise,taking Datun Coal Electricity Co.,as the example,this paper explores the construction of comprehensive budget system in coal enterprises.%分析煤炭企业全面预算的必要性及其存在的问题,以大屯煤电公司为例探讨煤炭企业全面预算体系的构建。

  18. Building Company Loyalty System

    OpenAIRE

    Haniková, Alžběta

    2010-01-01

    The thesis discusses the importance of loyal customers, and loyalty system as a tool for building loyalty. It defines loyalty and customer satisfaction, it deals with the issue of customer retention. It describes the history and types of loyalty programs, important factors for deciding on their implementation and problems associated with them. The practical part is concerned with the clothing market, Orsay company and its Orsay Club loyalty systeme. The work also includes a survey of the loya...

  19. Building Company Loyalty System

    OpenAIRE

    Haniková, Alžběta

    2010-01-01

    The thesis discusses the importance of loyal customers, and loyalty system as a tool for building loyalty. It defines loyalty and customer satisfaction, it deals with the issue of customer retention. It describes the history and types of loyalty programs, important factors for deciding on their implementation and problems associated with them. The practical part is concerned with the clothing market, Orsay company and its Orsay Club loyalty systeme. The work also includes a survey of the loya...

  20. enjoy the company of

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳延延

    2004-01-01

    @@ 请先读一段文字: John is a clean-cut, great-looking guy who likes his father and mother, who frowns on drugs, who takes his profession seriously, who likes to have a good time, who enjoys the company of the opposite sex, and who has his own goals and values. He's a boy with no surprise up in his sleeve.

  1. CAPITAL INVESTMENT CRITERION FOR BULK ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE: A CONSUMPTION APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.D. Smith

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The primary technical function of an electric utility company is to supply electrical energy to its customers economically and at acceptable levels of reliability. The aspects of economics and reliability are however, competing constraints, since increased reliability of supply generally requires increased capital investment, which leads to higher prices for electricity.
    Traditional capital budgeting criteria, such as positive net present value, have been found to inhibit sound economic capital investment decision-making within the bulk electricity transmission environment. It is submitted that the results of this investigation will enable the operators of bulk electricity transmission systems to match the level of investment in reliability related infrastructure, with customers’ reliability preferences. To do this it is necessary to incorporate the economic valueof- service reliability to customers into the economic evaluation used by utility planners.

  2. The Surplus-Electric-Power Trade of the Cogeneration by PPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Takuya; Akisawa, Atsushi; Miyazaki, Takahiko; Kashiwagi, Takao

    The report modeled an electricity interchange trade by a PPS (Power Producer and Supplier) and a cogeneration, and evaluated the interchange trade using the numerical example. The PPS and the CGS user behave economically themselves in the model. It is new that not an electric power company but PPS trades the surplus electric power. From the numerical example, the effect of electricity price and gas prices is different between commercial sector and industrial sector when maximizing the PPS profits. An electricity interchange gives profits to three groups (the PPS, the CGS user, and the unspecified general user) who participate in trades. However, it was shown that the PPS cannot gain only few portions of the whole interchange profits although the PPS determines the purchase price for the CGS user.

  3. 12 CFR 583.15 - Parent company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parent company. 583.15 Section 583.15 Banks and... SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.15 Parent company. The term parent company means any company which directly or indirectly controls any other company or companies....

  4. Organizational architecture of multinational companies

    OpenAIRE

    Sikorová, Lenka

    2017-01-01

    The main goal of the bachelor thesis Organizational Architecture of Multinational Companies is to elaborate the overview of organizational structures that are used by modern global companies. The thesis contains an analysis of such companies development, principles of functioning, pros and cons and the opportunities which these brings. It also contains a description of the basic concepts associated with organizational architecture such as globalization, multinational companies and organizatio...

  5. Generalized theoretical method for the interaction between arbitrary nonuniform electric field and molecular vibrations: Toward near-field infrared spectroscopy and microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwasa, Takeshi; Takenaka, Masato; Taketsugu, Tetsuya

    2016-03-28

    A theoretical method to compute infrared absorption spectra when a molecule is interacting with an arbitrary nonuniform electric field such as near-fields is developed and numerically applied to simple model systems. The method is based on the multipolar Hamiltonian where the light-matter interaction is described by a spatial integral of the inner product of the molecular polarization and applied electric field. The computation scheme is developed under the harmonic approximation for the molecular vibrations and the framework of modern electronic structure calculations such as the density functional theory. Infrared reflection absorption and near-field infrared absorption are considered as model systems. The obtained IR spectra successfully reflect the spatial structure of the applied electric field and corresponding vibrational modes, demonstrating applicability of the present method to analyze modern nanovibrational spectroscopy using near-fields. The present method can use arbitral electric fields and thus can integrate two fields such as computational chemistry and electromagnetics.

  6. Does Technology Transfer Help Small and Medium Companies? Empirical Evidence from Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dae-Hwan Kim

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available We challenge the view that technology transfer from big companies to small and medium (SM size companies helps SM companies to prosper. With a large dataset of SM companies in Korea, we utilize the stochastic production frontier (SPF model to examine the productivity of inputs and the generalized linear model (GLM to compare business performance between two groups of SM companies: SM companies that receive technology transfer and those that do not receive technology transfer from big companies. The empirical results demonstrate that the transfer of technology from big companies to SM companies help SM companies to enjoy productivity of capital. Nonetheless, SM companies receiving technology transfer were found to underperform in terms of labor productivity and profit margin compared to their counterparts. We further investigate the reasons why SM companies receiving technology transfer from big companies underperform relative to their counterparts, and our findings shows that the former do not export much of their product and face more difficulties such as lower price for their products imposed by big companies than the latter. By identifying the negative rather than the conventionally assumed positive effect of technology transfer, this paper contributes to the literature on the relationship between technology transfer and SM companies’ prosperity in the case of Korea. Our findings have important implications for how SM companies should strategize and rethink about the clauses embedded in the transfer of technology that they receive from big companies because technology transfer plays as a barrier to their prosperity.

  7. Economic and market feasibility analysis, by the point of view of gas and electrical companies, for replacement of the electric powered showers by the natural gas powered showers in ABC Paulista area; Analise da viabilidade economica e do mercado, do ponto de vista das concessionarias de gas e de energia eletrica, pela substituicao de chuveiros eletricos por gas natural, na area do ABC paulista

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callari, Roberto [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Rosim, Sidney Olivieri [Rosim e Papaleo Consultoria e Participacoes Ltda. (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The possibility of an exchange of energy for heating residential water should be seen, by the point of view of the concessionaires, as a single market and exclusionary, in which the development of new customers by the concessionaire of electric energy directly involves the development of these non-customers for the distributor of natural gas. The study shows that, under the terms of concession of electricity, the loss of any part of the markets, current and expansion would be attractive only if the natural gas concessionaire could pass part of their earnings with customers users of electric showers that change their profile to the gas heaters, for electrical distribution. Under the terms of the concession to natural gas, the condition of massive investments replacement of electric showers and absorption of growth and expansion entrant with customers, increase the turnover to allow the search of a mechanism for transferring part of that revenue to absorb also customers of electricity. Thus, both the concessionaire of electricity preserve their revenue and, in turn, the concessionaire of natural gas would have an effective gain of revenue for the absorption of the customers of electric showers. (author.

  8. 供电企业社会责任管理体系建立与实施%Establishment and Implementation of Social Responsibility Management System of Electric Power Supply Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玺娟

    2013-01-01

    供电企业在新形势下如何发挥“责任央企”的榜样力量,是展现在我们面前的一个新课题。本文从供电企业建立和实施“全员参与、全过程覆盖、全方位融合”的全面社会责任管理目标模式入手,探索和总结具有实际操作性的经验和方法。%How to play the good example power of "enterprises directly controlled by the central authorities with responsibility" is a new topic for the electric power supply enterprise in the new situation. This article starts from establishing and implementing the comprehensive social responsibility management target mode of "full participation, covering the entire process, full integration" in electric power supply enterprises, explores and summarizes the practical and operational experience and methods.

  9. General Nexus Between Water and Electricity Use and Its Implication for Urban Agricultural Sustainability:A Case Study of Shenzhen, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Wen-jiang; LI Lin-jun; QIU Guo-yu

    2013-01-01

    Although water and energy resources are well-recognized concerns regarding economic and social development sustainability, little specific research has focused on both water and energy problems at the same time. This study analyzed the water and electricity-use patterns in Shenzhen, South China during 2001-2009. A curve regression method was used to examine the relationship between water and electricity use per gross domestic product (GDP) in Shenzhen and its three sectors, i.e., agriculture, industry&construction, and residential life&services. Results showed that agriculture only covered less than 10%of water and electricity use in Shenzhen, while industry&construction and residential life&services accounted for more than 90%of water and electricity use in Shenzhen, which coincided with the city’s industrial structure. The water and electricity use per GDP in agriculture was the biggest among three sectors in Shenzhen during 2001-2009, which means inefficiency of water and electricity use in agriculture. Due to transitioning to advanced materials and manufacturing, both water and electricity use per GDP in industry&construction decreased during 2001-2009 and their utilization efficiencies gradually increased over time. The same held true for those in residential life&services transformed toward modern business, creative culture, finance services, etc. Derived from the survival of the fittest in competing for limited water and electricity resources, agriculture in Shenzhen has been gradually substituted by industry&construction and residential life&services, with much higher efficiencies of water and electricity use. And traditional agriculture will not be sustainable in the process of urbanization and industrialization, except high-tech intensive agriculture with low water and energy cost. Furthermore, by means of curve regression, we found that there was a significant quadratic relationship between water use per GDP and electricity use per GDP in the entire

  10. IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITATIVE RULES IN COMPANY`S INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna WOLNOWSKA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the article there were presented chosen issues of quality management. Important role of information and work processes in companies were emphasized . Based on eight rules of quality management, TQM standards and ideas of discipline pioneers like Deming, Juran, Crosby and Shewart, author has constructed way of using chosen rules and assumptions to company`s information circulation. Analogy, suggested by author, has not only emphasized importance of information as a company`s resource, but also has pointed to possibility of improving ways of managing this information.

  11. Application of direct current electrical technique in the prevention and control of water in Tang mouth coal company%直流电法技术在唐口煤业公司煤矿防治水方面的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔺成森

    2016-01-01

    该文简要介绍了井下直流电法技术在唐口煤业公司煤矿防治水几个方面的应用,如探测工作面顶底板砂岩和底板三灰的富水性、工作面内是否发育隐伏断层以及工作面是否发育陷落柱、巷道掘进迎头前方导水断层的含(导)水性、评价工作面回采时的水害安全性等,同时对直流电法的特点和在应用中需注意的问题进行归纳。%This paper briefly introduces the application of mine DC electrical method in the Tang mouth coal company coal mine water prevention and control several aspects, such as detection of working face roof floor sandstone and the bottom three ash rich water, the development of buried fault and the development of subsided column in the working face, the aquosity of the fault with water permeability in the front of tunneling, the evaluation of the flood safety during mining, at the same time inducted the DC electrical characteristics and problems needing attention in the application.

  12. 考虑用户反应的配电公司最优购售电与风险管理策略%Optimal Strategy for Distribution Companies to Purchase and Sell Electricity and Manage Risk Considering Consumers~ Price Elasticity of Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海伦; 严正; 杨云益; 文锐; 杨佩娟

    2012-01-01

    以一致性风险指标条件风险值(CVaR)衡量风险,提出一种考虑用户需求价格弹性的配电公司购售电最优策略,以期望售电利润最大化和购电风险最小化为目标,在优化购电结果的同时确定对用户的售电价格.所建立模型是一个随机规划问题,可以通过转化法求解.在此模型中,配电公司通过多种方式购电,如现货市场、远期合约和自备电厂等.仿真结果表明,在考虑售电侧用户的响应及购电侧的现货价格波动后,配电公司的购售电策略更贴近实际情况,为购电商实施购售电综合风险管理提供了一个新的思路.%An optimal strategy for distribution companies to purchase and sell electricity that considering consumers' price elasticity of demand was proposed. Its objective is to maximize the companies' expected sale profit and minimize purchase risks, quantified by CVaR. Moreover, it can optimize the procurement structure and determine the sale price to consumers. Because it is a stochastic programming model, trans-formation method is adopted to solve it. In this model, multiple power supply options are provided, such as spot market, forward contracts, and self-production. The simulation results show that the strategy is very close spot price to at the actual situation as it simultaneously considers the reflection the purchase side. This provides a new frame for distribution grated risk management in electricity procurement and sale. of consumers on sal companies to imple e price and ment inte-grated risk management in electricity procurement and sale.

  13. Hacia un indicador de consumo de energía eléctrica más efectivo en hoteles del grupo Cubanacán de la provincia de Camagüey; Toward an indicator of more effective electric power consumption in hotels of the Cubanacan company in Camagüey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davel Borges Vasconcellos

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La consideración de indicadores de consumo reales es un elemento indispensable para la correcta evaluación de la eficiencia energética de una empresa. No todos los indicadores actuales que utilizan las instalaciones hoteleras son adecuados para los fines propuestos. El trabajo expone los efectos que tienen en el consumo de energía eléctrica, factores como la temperatura ambiente de la época del año y el tipo de segmento turístico (internacional o nacional, a través de un estudio de caso en el Hotel Caracol. La veracidad de los resultados ha sido comprobada en los cuatro hoteles del Grupo Cubanacán de la provincia de Camagüey. Los estudios de correlación entre el consumo de energía eléctrica y el nivel de actividad (habitaciones días ocupadas teniendo en cuenta el efecto de estos factores, permiten llegar a plantear un indicador de consumo de energía eléctrica más efectivo para evaluar la eficiencia energética en las instalaciones hoteleras. Finalmente comentamos el efecto de estos factores en otros indicadores de consumo.  The consideration of real consumption indicators is an indispensable element for the correct evaluation of the energy efficiency of a company. Not all the current indicators that use the hotel facilities are appropriate for this purpose.The paper presents factors, such as the ambient temperature and the type of tourist segment (international or national, that influence in electric power consumption, through a case study in the Caracol Hotel. The truthfulness of the results has been checked in the four hotels of the Cubanacan Company of Camagüey. The correlation studies between the electric power consumption and the activity level (rooms occupied days keeping in mind the effect of these factors, they allow to end up outlining an indicator of more effective electric power consumption to evaluate the energy efficiency in the hotel facilities. Finally we comment the effect of these factors in other

  14. Electricity syndicates; Les syndicats d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    The local power distribution authorities (electricity syndicates) negotiate with Electricite de France (EdF) about various dispositions relative to the supply of electric power, to the protection of environment, to the coordination of public works, to the energy mastery policy etc.. In general, the district, urban or town authorities are also project owners for works involving important investments. They carry out extension and aesthetic improvement of existing networks and can decide of the building of decentralized power generation units. They can also intervene in various domains like public lighting, computer systems, mapping, cable TV etc.. For 5% of French towns, the local power distribution companies manage the electric public utility. Thanks to their decentralized nature, these syndicates can directly adapt their services to the local expectations and are places of technical and social innovations. (J.S.)

  15. Southern company energy storage study :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Black, Clifton; Jenkins, Kip

    2013-03-01

    This study evaluates the business case for additional bulk electric energy storage in the Southern Company service territory for the year 2020. The model was used to examine how system operations are likely to change as additional storage is added. The storage resources were allowed to provide energy time shift, regulation reserve, and spinning reserve services. Several storage facilities, including pumped hydroelectric systems, flywheels, and bulk-scale batteries, were considered. These scenarios were tested against a range of sensitivities: three different natural gas price assumptions, a 15% decrease in coal-fired generation capacity, and a high renewable penetration (10% of total generation from wind energy). Only in the elevated natural gas price sensitivities did some of the additional bulk-scale storage projects appear justifiable on the basis of projected production cost savings. Enabling existing peak shaving hydroelectric plants to provide regulation and spinning reserve, however, is likely to provide savings that justify the project cost even at anticipated natural gas price levels. Transmission and distribution applications of storage were not examined in this study. Allowing new storage facilities to serve both bulk grid and transmission/distribution-level needs may provide for increased benefit streams, and thus make a stronger business case for additional storage.

  16. 钢铁企业电气工程设计及新技术的研究与应用%THE RESEARCH AND APPLICATION OF THE DESIGN AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING IN STEEL COMPANY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕霞

    2011-01-01

    The paper briefly introduces new design concepts and new technologies of the electrical engineering in Laiwu steel by the examples. These technologies are as follows : the gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear (GIS) technology, high frequency control technology, solid sealed vacuum circuit breaker technology, integrated automation technology to protect computer control, FBG temperature alarm power technology.%通过实例简要介绍了莱芜钢铁集团电气工程设计的新理念及采用的新技术,即气体绝缘金属封闭开关设备(GIS)技术、高压变频调速技术、固封式真空断路器技术、微机控制保护综合自动化技术、光纤光栅电力测温报警技术。

  17. Potential electricity impacts of a 1978 California drought

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siri, W.E.; Sathaye, J.; Sextro, R.; Blumstein, C.; Ruderman, H.; Ritschard, R.; McMahon, J.; Kirshner, D.; Brandi, R.; Watkins, R.; Chan, P.; Kay, J.; Tsao, K.; Kelleher, L.

    1978-01-01

    California has endured severe droughts both in 1976 and 1977. As a consequence, surface-water supplies during 1977 decreased to levels not experienced in the recent history of California. Hydroelectric supplies, which rely on surface runoff, also decreased to record lows raising questions regarding the adequacy of electricity supplies to meet summer peaks during 1977 and 1978. Through 1977 electricity supplies, aided by conservation of electricity by consumers, power pooling, and other measures were adequate to meet demand. However, supplies were more expensive due to increased reliance on thermal generation to compensate for hydroelectric losses. The continuance of the drought for another year is analyzed in this study. To analyze the impact of supply options on reliability and electricity prices, two separate models were modified and implemented. These models along with the overall methodology, although implemented primarily with data for 1978, would be generally applicable for analyzing the adequacy of electricity supply during any year. In this analysis, electricity demand and supply during 1977 are reviewed before analyzing the prospective situation during 1978. Hydroelectric supplies for 1978 are assumed at the level anticipated by the electric utility companies. These supply estimates are based on the 1977 levels of runoff. The hydroelectricity thus generated would be slightly lower than that estimated for 1977. Also on the supply side, because of the uncertainty associated with the introduction of the Diablo Canyon 1 nuclear power plant, the supply options with and without Diablo Canyon Unit 1 are analyzed. The major findings of the study are discussed.

  18. Electric power monthly, May 1999, with data for February 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt hour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 64 tabs.

  19. Electric power monthly: October 1996, with data for July 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. This report contains approximately 60 tables.

  20. 我国房地产上市公司绩效评价——基于D-S广义模糊软集合理论%Performance Evaluation of Listed Company in Real Estate Industry:Based on D-S General Fuzzy Soft Set Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖智; 牛庆; 张杰

    2013-01-01

    This paper builds a reasonable evaluation index system through referring to Enterprise Performance Evaluation Standard Value in 2010 and considering the availability of financial data of listed companies in real estate industry,and determines the weights of financial indicators by the information entropy theory.Then it introduces a performance evaluation method based on D-S generalized fuzzy soft set theory into the enterprise performance evaluation,and evaluates the performance of 30 China's real estate companies listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock market in 2010,and classifies the sample companies according to D-S general fuzzy soft set and its similarity.Finally,it demonstrates the correctness and objectivity of the proposed evaluation method through the empirical analysis.%参考《企业绩效评价标准值2010》 、结合中国房地产上市公司财务数据的可得性来构建企业绩效评价指标体系,运用信息熵理论得到指标权重.将D-S广义模糊软集合理论引入企业绩效评价,对2010年我国沪深两市的部分房地产上市公司的业绩进行了综合评价,并利用D-S广义模糊软集合及其相似度对样本公司绩效进行分类.实证分析结果表明了所构建评价方法的客观合理性.

  1. The European Model Company Act

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleff, Evelyne Beatrix

    2011-01-01

    European Company Law regulation is currently undergoing a reform. These reforms raise a number of regulatory questions, such as what should be the aims of companies' legislation, and how these aims should best be met by regulation. Many of the reforms and discussions (both on EU and national level......) on the organisation of company laws reflect an interesting paradigm shift. Whereas, previously company law was primarily focused on preventing abuse, there is now a trend towards legislation that promote commerce and satisfy the needs of business. This means that the goal of economic efficiency is having...... an increasing influence on the framing of company legislation, such as the choice between mandatory or default rules. This article introduces the project 'European Company Law and the choice of Regulatory Method' which is carried out in collaboration with the 'European Model Company Act Group'. The project aims...

  2. CSR in TSL companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna DYCZKOWSKA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available TSL companies are characterized by high dynamics of an increase of incomes, and hence increased shipping. Owing to a rational policy in the area of the consolidation of production and distribution, they may boast of a better use of the means of transport. The purpose of this article is to present the activities in the area of the eco-friendly CSR aspect in the activities of TSL companies taking into consideration particularly logistic operators. The research methods used in the study include an analysis of secondary data, observations and comparative analyses. Road transport in the shipping structure comes first and it constitutes 84% of freights. In the year 2009, in Poland greenhouse gas emissions from road transport amounted to 42.5 million tons (4.84% of the EU member states and CO emissions were 41.9 million tons (analogically, 4.83% of environment pollutions in the European Union. This causes an emission of fumes into the atmosphere. The policy of sustainable development pursued by logistic operators under corporate social responsibility is a response to the abovementioned data. They take decisions concerning social and environmental aspects. The activities of TSL companies under CSR need to provide an answer to customer expectations and needs, and they have to cause an increase of competitiveness on the market. The selected four largest logistic operators conduct the following eco-friendly activities on the highest level: fume emission reports and the control of these emissions, transport of hazardous goods (ADR, voluntary services in the scope of environmental protection and cooperation with eco-friendly organizations. There are those activities which call for improvement: a limitation of the emission of fumes, waste management and sewage treatment policy.

  3. Electricity market 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-01

    The electricity markets in the Nordic countries have undergone major changes since the electricity market reform work was started in the early 1990s. Sweden, Norway and Finland have had a common electricity market since 1996. The work of also reforming the Danish electricity market was begun in the year 2000. The objective of the electricity market reform is to introduce increased competition, to give the consumers greater freedom of choice and also, by open and expanded trade in electricity, create the conditions for efficient pricing. The Swedish National Energy Administration is the supervisory authority as specified in the Electricity Act, and one of the tasks entrusted to it by the Government is to follow developments on the electricity market and to regularly compile and report current market information. The purpose of the 'Electricity market 2001' publication is to meet the need for generalized and readily accessible information on the conditions on the Nordic market. Iceland is not included in the description. The publication also includes summaries of information from recent years concerning electricity generation and utilization in the Nordic countries, the structure of the electricity market from the players' perspective, trade in electricity in the Nordic countries and in Northern Europe, electricity prices in the Nordic and other countries, and the impact of the electricity sector on the environment. The publication contains data on electricity generation and use during the past years, structure of the electricity market, trade in electricity in the Nordic countries and northern Europe, electricity prices in the Nordic countries and other countries as well as impact of electricity generation system on the environment.

  4. Electrical Conductivity in Textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Copper is the most widely used electrical conductor. Like most metals, though, it has several drawbacks: it is heavy, expensive, and can break. Fibers that conduct electricity could be the solutions to these problems, and they are of great interest to NASA. Conductive fibers provide lightweight alternatives to heavy copper wiring in a variety of settings, including aerospace, where weight is always a chief concern. This is an area where NASA is always seeking improved materials. The fibers are also more cost-effective than metals. Expenditure is another area where NASA is always looking to make improvements. In the case of electronics that are confined to small spaces and subject to severe stress, copper is prone to breaking and losing connection over time. Flexible conductive fibers eliminate that problem. They are more supple and stronger than brittle copper and, thus, find good use in these and similar situations. While clearly a much-needed material, electrically conductive fibers are not readily available. The cost of new technology development, with all the pitfalls of troubleshooting production and the years of testing, and without the guarantee of an immediate market, is often too much of a financial hazard for companies to risk. NASA, however, saw the need for electrical fibers in its many projects and sought out a high-tech textile company that was already experimenting in this field, Syscom Technology, Inc., of Columbus, Ohio. Syscom was founded in 1993 to provide computer software engineering services and basic materials research in the areas of high-performance polymer fibers and films. In 1999, Syscom decided to focus its business and technical efforts on development of high-strength, high-performance, and electrically conductive polymer fibers. The company developed AmberStrand, an electrically conductive, low-weight, strong-yet-flexible hybrid metal-polymer YARN.

  5. 26 CFR 1.851-1 - Definition of regulated investment company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of regulated investment company. 1...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Regulated Investment Companies and Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.851-1 Definition of regulated investment company. (a) In general. The term “regulated...

  6. 13 CFR 108.1130 - Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Company. 108.1130 Section 108.1130 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM SBA Financial Assistance for NMVC Companies (Leverage) General Information About Obtaining Leverage § 108.1130 Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company. There is no fee for...

  7. 26 CFR 1.338-11 - Effect of section 338 election on insurance company targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the reinsurer or acquiring company, at the close of the acquisition date. The Federal income tax... company targets. 1.338-11 Section 1.338-11 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... section 338 election on insurance company targets. (a) In general. This section provides rules that...

  8. Demand side management in recycling and electricity retail pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazan, Osman

    This dissertation addresses several problems from the recycling industry and electricity retail market. The first paper addresses a real-life scheduling problem faced by a national industrial recycling company. Based on their practices, a scheduling problem is defined, modeled, analyzed, and a solution is approximated efficiently. The recommended application is tested on the real-life data and randomly generated data. The scheduling improvements and the financial benefits are presented. The second problem is from electricity retail market. There are well-known patterns in daily usage in hours. These patterns change in shape and magnitude by seasons and days of the week. Generation costs are multiple times higher during the peak hours of the day. Yet most consumers purchase electricity at flat rates. This work explores analytic pricing tools to reduce peak load electricity demand for retailers. For that purpose, a nonlinear model that determines optimal hourly prices is established based on two major components: unit generation costs and consumers' utility. Both are analyzed and estimated empirically in the third paper. A pricing model is introduced to maximize the electric retailer's profit. As a result, a closed-form expression for the optimal price vector is obtained. Possible scenarios are evaluated for consumers' utility distribution. For the general case, we provide a numerical solution methodology to obtain the optimal pricing scheme. The models recommended are tested under various scenarios that consider consumer segmentation and multiple pricing policies. The recommended model reduces the peak load significantly in most cases. Several utility companies offer hourly pricing to their customers. They determine prices using historical data of unit electricity cost over time. In this dissertation we develop a nonlinear model that determines optimal hourly prices with parameter estimation. The last paper includes a regression analysis of the unit generation cost

  9. Industrial structure and privatisation of the Slovenian electricity industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hrovatin, N. [Ljubljana Univ., Ljubljana (Sierra Leone). Fac of Economics

    1999-08-01

    The paper first analyses the existing structure of the Slovenian electricity industry and gives recommendations for its restructuring so as to conform to efficiency criteria and to comply with European Union provisions on the internal European electricity market. Then the paper outlines the necessity for privatisation and draws some conclusions on it such as determination of market values companies, the proportion for sale, privatisation methods and the general public's participation. [Italian] Il testo analizza la struttura esistente dell'industria elettrica slovena e da' indicazioni per la sua ristrutturazione secondo i criteri di efficienza e le disposizioni dell'Unione Europea in merito al mercato elettrico europeo. Sottolineando poi la necessita' di privatizzare, l'articolo delinea alcune conclusioni sulla determinazione dei valori di mercato delle societa', la proporzione della vendita, i metodi di privatizzazione e la partecipazione del pubblico in generale.

  10. 76 FR 21253 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Company Canal, Lockport, LA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ...The Commander, Eighth Coast Guard District, has issued a temporary deviation from the regulation governing the operation of the LA 1 vertical lift span bridge across Company Canal, mile 0.4, at Lockport, Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. The deviation is necessary to perform electrical rehabilitation work on the bridge. This deviation allows the bridge to remain closed to navigation for twelve......

  11. 75 FR 45477 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Company Canal, Bourg, LA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ...The Commander, Eighth Coast Guard District, has issued a temporary deviation from the regulation governing the operation of the LA 24 vertical lift span bridge across Company Canal, mile 8.1, at Bourg, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. The deviation is necessary to perform electrical rehabilitation work on the bridge. This deviation allows the bridge to remain closed to navigation for twelve......

  12. Users of electric heating rewarded

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haapakoski, M. [ed.

    1998-07-01

    When the building industry plunged into the deep recession of the early 1990s this did not paralyse research and development work on electric heating. In fact, IVO and power companies launched the `Electrically Heated Homes in the New Millennium` project in 1992. Its purpose was to verify the efficiency, energy economy and residential comfort of model systems using state-of-the-art electric heating technology. The research project launched six years ago is now nearing completion. Its findings indicate that electricity brings ever more unparalleled benefits when it is used for heating. These benefits involve residential comfort, ease of use and economy

  13. Innovative Practice of Full Participation in the Team Building ——Investigation of Team Building of Hebei Electric Power Company%全员参与的班组建设创新实践——河北省电力公司班组建设调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康桂珍

    2012-01-01

    Team is the most basic cell of an enterprise. It is necessary to strengthen grassroots team building in order to improve the competitiveness of enterprises. Hebei Electric Power Company promotes the deepening of the team-building through the improvement of the thinking and understanding. The company takes various initiatives such as safe production, enhancement of the quality of workers, to develop employee tech- nological innovation activities and to culture the ideological and moral. And it is of vital importance to form a long-term mechanism consists of organizational leadership, operational management, supervision and inspec- tion and incentive and restraint.%班组是企业的最基本细胞,只有班组强,企业才能强。要提高企业的竞争力,就必须加强基层班组建设。河北省电力公司坚持以思想认识的提高推动班组建设的不断深入,在内容上向企业文化、安全生产、队伍素质提升等方面全面拓展;在载体上向职工技术创新活动、培植思想道德不断延伸;在运行上向形成组织领导、运行管理、监督检查、激励约束等长效机制努力推进。突破了传统意义上的班组建设模式,探索了全面加强企业班组建设的新路子。

  14. CHANGQING OILFIELD COMPANY PROMOTES COOPERATION WITH FOREIGN COMPANIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Di Guanglong; Li Dongxun

    2001-01-01

    @@ PetroChina Changqing Oilfield Company has vigorously promoted cooperation with foreign companies in oil and gas exploration and development in Orodos basin. In partnership with US-based Halliburton International Inc., Baker Hughes Inc., Schlumberger Ltd. and BJ Corporation,the company has carried out acidizing and fracturing design and operation for almost 30 wells with acquisition of the equipment. The cooperation has achieved satisfactory results. At present, the company is under negotiation with Exxon-Mobil Corporation and Chevron Corporation on the cooperative natural gas development and application of Sulige and Mizhi gas fields. A large number of first-class international petroleum companies have expressed their great interest and willingness to cooperate with Changqing Oilfield Company. On 30 July, the Asian Exchange Association based in Japan sent a 24-member delegation to Changqing on its fourth tour to seek business opportunities.

  15. The ’Rakkasans’ Rifle & Headquarters Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-13

    NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army Command and General Staff College,Combat Studies Institute,Fort...its ability to figure things out and apply a logical and methodical approach to everything. These two companies were completely different in nature, but...equal in their abilities to accomplish any given task. 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as

  16. Marketing communication in Finnish industrial companies

    OpenAIRE

    Vuorio, Mikko

    2010-01-01

    Marketing communication has a significant role for profitable businesses in industrial markets, and its role is only expected to rise in the future. Especially, integrated marketing communication (IMC) and customer-oriented approach are universally regarded fundamental developments in the field of marketing. Secondly, Finnish companies’ marketing competences are commonly considered insufficient in general. The purpose of this study was to describe how Finnish industrial companies execute t...

  17. Marketing communication in Finnish industrial companies

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Marketing communication has a significant role for profitable businesses in industrial markets, and its role is only expected to rise in the future. Especially, integrated marketing communication (IMC) and customer-oriented approach are universally regarded fundamental developments in the field of marketing. Secondly, Finnish companies’ marketing competences are commonly considered insufficient in general. The purpose of this study was to describe how Finnish industrial companies execute t...

  18. 75 FR 39284 - Southern Nuclear Operating Company et al.; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... August 26, 2009, to Southern Nuclear Operating Company (SNC) and several co- applicants (Georgia Power... permit issued to SNC for the Vogtle Electric Generating Plant ESP site located in Burke County,...

  19. THE SCHOOL PLANT GUIDE FOR PLANNING SCHOOL PLANTS OF PENNSYLVANIA. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS AND GENERAL, ELECTRIC, HEATING AND VENTILATING, AND PLUMBING STANDARDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Instruction, Harrisburg.

    A GUIDE COVERING ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS, ELECTRIC, HEATING AND VENTILATING, AND PLUMBING STANDARDS AS APPROVED BY THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION IN 1966. THE FOLLOWING MINIMUM STANDARD FOR NEW BUILDING, ALTERATIONS, AND ADDITIONS ARE OUTLINED--(1) SPATIAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS, SUCH AS CEILING HEIGHTS, INTERIOR SANITARY FACILITIES, ROOMS…

  20. Coal engineer training project for fiscal 1999. Report on general course training; 1999 nendo sekitan gijutsusha yosei jigyo. Ippan course kenshu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-19

    This report was made on the general course training in the coal engineer training project implemented in fiscal 1999. The training was conducted from June 7 through November 19 with total 7 participating trainees from an electric power company, mining company, etc.. In the training, the lectures were given by speakers from domestic coal related companies, universities, laboratories and the like at the University of International Resources, a foundation, for about three weeks. An English training was carried out by three instructors at the same University for about eleven weeks with the purpose of acquiring the linguistic ability required for overseas coal development. The joint seminar was conducted in Tokyo by inviting lecturers, two from Australia and one each from Canada and Indonesia. The training by visiting the domestic coal related companies was such that the overseas lecturers and trainees visited Matsushima Mining Co., the Electric Power Development Company, NKK Corp and others. The overseas study and training were performed on a 35 day schedule by visiting energy-related institutions, mining companies, railway companies, coal loading/unloading harbors, and thermal power stations in Canada, the U.S., and Australia. (NEDO)