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  1. Frey's syndrome - unusually long delayed clinical onset ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frey's syndrome is a complication of parotidectomy that is thought to occur as a result of aberrant regeneration of the postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fibres supplying the parotid gland to severed ostganglionic sympathetic fibres which innervate the sweat glands of the face. Frey's syndrome is difficult to treat but is a ...

  2. Interventions for the treatment of Frey's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunjie; Wu, Fanglong; Zhang, Qi; Gao, Qinghong; Shi, Zongdao; Li, Longjiang

    2015-03-17

    Frey's syndrome is a rare disorder, the symptoms of which include sweating, flushing and warming over the preauricular and temporal areas following a gustatory stimulus. It often occurs in patients who have undergone parotidectomy, submandibular gland surgery, radical neck dissection, infection and traumatic injury in the parotid region, and is caused by the aberrant regrowth of facial autonomic nerve fibres. Currently there are several options used to treat patients with Frey's syndrome; for example, the topical application of anticholinergics and antiperspirants, and the intradermal injection of botulinum toxin. It is uncertain which treatment is most effective and safe. To assess the efficacy and safety of different interventions for the treatment of Frey's syndrome. We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the search was 28 April 2014. We included randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in participants diagnosed with Frey's syndrome using a clinical standard such as Minor's starch-iodine test. We planned to include trials in which participants received any intervention versus no treatment (observation) or an alternative intervention, with or without a second active treatment. Our primary outcome measures were success rate (as assessed clinically by Minor's starch-iodine test, the iodine-sublimated paper histogram method, blotting paper technique or another method) and adverse events. Our secondary outcome measure was success rate as assessed by patients (disappearance or improvement of symptoms). We used the standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. We identified no RCTs or quasi-RCTs that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Our searches retrieved eight potentially relevant studies, but after

  3. Frey's syndrome - unusually long delayed clinical onset post ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    2010-04-07

    Apr 7, 2010 ... Frey's syndrome is a complication of parotidectomy that is thought to occur as a result of aberrant regeneration of the postganglionic parasympathetic nerve fibres supplying the parotid gland to severed ostganglionic sympathetic fibres which innervate the sweat glands of the face. Frey's syndrome is.

  4. Frey procedure combined with biliary diversion in chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merdrignac, Aude; Bergeat, Damien; Rayar, Michel; Harnoy, Yann; Turner, Kathleen; Courtin-Tanguy, Laetitia; Boudjema, Karim; Meunier, Bernard; Sulpice, Laurent

    2016-11-01

    The Frey procedure has become the standard operative treatment in chronic painful pancreatitis. Biliary diversion could be combined when associated with common bile duct obstruction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the type of biliary diversion combined with the Frey procedure on late morbidity. The data from consecutive patients undergoing the Frey procedure and having a minimum follow-up of 2 years were extracted from a maintained prospective database. The mean endpoint was the rate of secondary biliary stricture after the Frey procedure combined with biliary diversion (bilioenteric anastomosis or common bile duct reinsertion in the resection cavity). Between 2006 and 2013, 55 consecutive patients underwent the Frey procedure. Twenty-nine patients had common bile duct obstruction (52.7%). The technique of biliary diversion resulted in bilioenteric anastomosis in 19 patients (65.5%) and common bile duct reinsertion in 10 patients (34.5%). Preoperative characteristics and early surgical outcomes were comparable. Pain control was similar. There was significantly more secondary biliary stricture after common bile duct reinsertion than after bilioenteric anastomosis (60% vs 11%, P = .008). Combined bilioenteric anastomosis during the Frey procedure is an efficient technique for treating common bile duct obstruction that complicates chronic painful pancreatitis. Bilioenteric anastomosis was associated with less secondary biliary stricture than common bile duct reinsertion in the pancreatic resection cavity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Sapromyza lopesi sp. n. from Brazil: a species related to S. duodecimvittata (Frey, 1919 (Diptera: Lauxaniidae

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    G. E. Shewell

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Sapromyza lopesi, is described from Brazil, and compared with its closest relative, S. duodecimvittata (Frey. Some remarks are made on the generic classification of South American Lauxaniidae as it affects these and other species.

  6. Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis in children: A single center experience.

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    Ray, Sukanta; Sanyal, Sumit; Ghatak, Supriyo; Khamrui, Sujan; Biswas, Jayanta; Saha, Suman; Mandal, Tuhin Subhra; Chattopadhyay, Gautam

    2015-11-01

    There is paucity of literature regarding the Frey procedure for children with chronic pancreatitis. The purpose of this study is to present our experience with the Frey procedure in children. This is an observational retrospective review study. All children, who underwent a Frey procedure between August 2007 and May 2014 in the Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India were included in this study. Twenty four children were included in our study. There were 13 girls and 11 boys. Mean age at operation was 13.95years (range, 4 to 18years). Mean duration between the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and surgery was 4.41years (range, 1 to 14years). Frey procedure was performed after failure of medical or endoscopic therapy. Mean duration of operation and blood loss were 215minutes (range, 150-300minutes) and 177ml (range, 50 to 500ml) respectively. Average postoperative hospital stay was 8days (range, 5 to 16days). Five patients (21%) developed postoperative complications. There was no in hospital mortality and no patient required reoperation for postoperative complications. More than a median follow-up of 29months (range, 3-78months), 91% of the patients remained pain free. Frey procedure is safe and feasible in children with acceptable perioperative complications and good short-term pain control. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Single center experience in selecting the laparoscopic Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Chun-Lu; Zhang, Hao; Li, Ke-Zhou

    2015-11-28

    To share our experience regarding the laparoscopic Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis (CP) and patient selection. All consecutive patients undergoing duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection from July 2013 to July 2014 were reviewed and those undergoing the Frey procedure for CP were included in this study. Data on age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists score, imaging findings, inflammatory index (white blood cells, interleukin (IL)-6, and C-reaction protein), visual analogue score score during hospitalization and outpatient visit, history of CP, operative time, estimated blood loss, and postoperative data (postoperative mortality and morbidity, postoperative length of hospital stay) were obtained for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. The open surgery cases in this study were analyzed for risk factors related to extensive bleeding, which was the major reason for conversion during the laparoscopic procedure. Age, gender, etiology, imaging findings, amylase level, complications due to pancreatitis, functional insufficiency, and history of CP were assessed in these patients. Nine laparoscopic and 37 open Frey procedures were analyzed. Of the 46 patients, 39 were male (85%) and seven were female (16%). The etiology of CP was alcohol in 32 patients (70%) and idiopathic in 14 patients (30%). Stones were found in 38 patients (83%). An inflammatory mass was found in five patients (11%). The time from diagnosis of CP to the Frey procedure was 39 ± 19 (9-85) mo. The BMI of patients in the laparoscopic group was 20.4 ± 1.7 (17.8-22.4) kg/m(2) and was 20.6 ± 2.9 (15.4-27.7) kg/m(2) in the open group. All patients required analgesic medication for abdominal pain. Frequent acute pancreatitis or severe abdominal pain due to acute exacerbation occurred in 20 patients (43%). Pre-operative complications due to pancreatitis were observed in 18 patients (39%). Pancreatic functional insufficiency was observed in 14 patients (30

  8. Botulinum toxin for treatment of Frey's syndrome: report of two cases

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    Teive Hélio A.G.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Frey's syndrome is a phenomenon of hemifacial flushing and sweating after gustatory stimulus, usually secondary to surgical trauma over the parotid gland, although other injury mechanisms may be seen. It is accepted as a result of aberrant regeneration of facial autonomic nerve fibers. Treatment evolved from ineffective medical and surgical approaches to botulinum toxin. We evaluate the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin in the treatment of this complication in two patients.

  9. Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis using Frey's procedure: a Brazilian 16-year single-centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gestic, Martinho Antonio; Callejas-Neto, Francisco; Chaim, Elinton Adami; Utrini, Murillo Pimentel; Cazzo, Everton; Pareja, Jose Carlos

    2011-04-01

    Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis is indicated for intractable pain. Frey's procedure is an accepted treatment for this disease. The aim of the present study was to describe a single-centre experience in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis using Frey's procedure. A retrospective analysis of 73 patients who underwent a Frey's procedure between 1991 to 2007 and had at least 1 year of follow-up. Demographics, indication for surgery, peri-operative complications and late outcomes were analysed. The median age was 39.9 years. Seventy out of the 73 (95.8%) patients were male. The median pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was 19.1 kg/m(2). All patients had abdominal pain, 34 (46.6%) of them daily and 13 (17.8%) weekly, with moderate or severe intensity in 98.6% (n= 72). The aetiology was secondary to alcohol in 70 patients (95.9%), with a median consumption of 278 g per day. The surgical morbidity rate was 28.7%; there were no deaths. Median post-operative follow-up was 77.0 months; 64 patients (91.4%) had complete pain relief and post-operative BMI was 22.4 kg/m(2) (P<0.001). All patients with pre-operative endocrine and exocrine insufficiencies showed no reversal of the situation. New onset insufficiencies appeared late. Frey's procedure was a safe and effective therapeutic option for the surgical treatment of patients with intractable pain caused by chronic pancreatitis. © 2011 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  10. Treatment of postparotidectomy Frey syndrome with the interposition of temporalis fascia and sternocleidomastoid flaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Xiao-Ming; Liu, Hua; He, Jia; Tu, Min-Song; Yu, Li-Fu; Liu, Liu

    2015-05-01

    This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of overlapping the temporalis fascia flaps (TFFs) and the sternocleidomastoid muscle flaps (SCMFs) as physical barriers to treat established Frey syndrome and concavity after parotidectomy. We retrospectively reviewed 17 patients who underwent corrective procedures with simultaneous TFF and SCMF interposition for the treatment of Frey syndrome. The affected areas of the cheek skin were identified with starch-iodine tests. The facial contours of the patients were classified as bilaterally symmetric (BS), with a slightly shallow (SS) contour on the surgical side, or with a conspicuously shallow (CS) contour on the surgical side. The sample was followed up for a mean of 22 months. The average area of gustatory-sweating positive skin was reduced from 12.80 to 1.32 square centimeters postoperatively. The facial asymmetry secondary to parotidectomy was greatly improved. The authors concluded that this technique was efficacious in ameliorating Frey syndrome and facial concavity secondary to parotidectomy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Botulinum toxin therapy in Frey's syndrome: a retrospective study of 440 treatments in 100 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, S; Jerowski, M; Ludwig, L; Fischer-Krall, E; Beutner, D; Grosheva, M

    2017-04-01

    Frey's syndrome is characterised as sweating, redness and warmth of the parotideal area and is often treated with botulinum toxin A. The objective of this retrospective study was to prove whether the toxin dosage and time-to-treatment intervals change after repeated botulinum toxin injections. The charts of patients, who were treated for Frey's syndrome during the last 16 years, were assessed. Three brands of botulinum toxin A were available for therapy. The Minor test was used to confirm the sweating before each treatment and to determine the toxin dosage. Constant amount of botulinum toxin was injected per cm 2 of the affected area. Patients consulted our department for the next treatment as soon as they felt disturbed by recurring sweating and when the sweating was objectively evident in the Minor test. Time intervals between treatments and injected toxin dosages were assessed. In total, 100 patients received 440 treatments in 16 years. Repeated injections, median 4.0, were carried out in 70.5% of patients. Median time interval to the first injection was 2.8 years. Median time interval between treatments was 12.0 months and showed to be steady (anova, P = .49, F = 1.01). Duration of effect of botulinum toxin on Frey's syndrome was long-lasting and stable with no significantly different time intervals between treatments. The extent of the sweating area did not vary significantly after repeated treatments and required a constant dose of botulinum toxin A. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy in tropical pancreatitis: assessment of quality of life. A prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pothula Rajendra, Vamsi Krishna; Sivanpillay Mahadevan, Sivaraj; Parvathareddy, Sivacharan Reddy; Nara, Bharat Kumar; Gorlagunta Ramachandra, Mallikarjuna; Tripuraneni Venkata, Aditya Chowdary; Bathalapalli, Jagan Mohan Reddy; Gudi, Vara Prasada Rao; Sampath, Thirunavukkarasu

    2014-12-01

    Tropical pancreatitis is a form of chronic pancreatitis originally described in the tropics. Prospective studies in Western countries have shown improved quality of life (QOL) following surgery in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. In studies on Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy for tropical pancreatitis, improvement in pain was considered the endpoint, and there is a paucity of data in the literature with regard to QOL with tropical pancreatitis following surgery. Our objective was to prospectively analyze the outcome of Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy in tropical pancreatitis and health-related QOL following surgery by administering the Short Form 36-item health survey (SF-36). A total of 25 patients underwent Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy between 2010 and 2012 and were included in the study; data were collected prospectively. The visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the SF-36 form were used to record health-related QOL preoperatively, and at 3 and 12 months post-surgery, comparing the same with the general population. Patients with tropical pancreatitis experience poor QOL (26.71 ± 15.95) compared with the general population (84.54 ± 12.42). Post-operative QOL scores (78.54 ± 15.84) were better than the pre-operative scores (26.71 ± 15.95) at 12-month post-surgery follow-up. The VAS score for pain improved at 12 months post-surgery (1.58 ± 1.41 vs. 8.21 ± 1.64). Two of the three patients (12.5 %) who had diabetes were free from anti-diabetes medication at 12 months post-surgery. Steatorrhea was seen in five patients (20.8 %) before surgery and increased to eight (33.3 %) at 12 months post-surgery. Mean body weight increased from 45.75 kg pre-operatively to 49.25 kg at 12 months post-operatively. Frey's pancreaticojejunostomy effectively reduces pain in tropical pancreatitis, with significant improvement in health-related QOL, which is comparable with the general population in most aspects.

  13. Opening the Frey/Osborne Black Box: Which Tasks of a Job are Susceptible to Computerization?

    OpenAIRE

    Brandes, Philipp; Wattenhofer, Roger

    2016-01-01

    In their seminal paper, Frey and Osborne quantified the automation of jobs, by assigning each job in the O*NET database a probability to be automated. In this paper, we refine their results in the following way: Every O*NET job consists of a set of tasks, and these tasks can be related. We use a linear program to assign probabilities to tasks, such that related tasks have a similar probability and the tasks can explain the computerization probability of a job. Analyzing jobs on the level of t...

  14. Prevalência da Síndrome de Frey após parotidectomia parcial Frey syndrome prevalence after partial parotidectomy

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    Regiane Cristina Santos

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: síndrome de Frey é uma seqüela observada após parotidectomia com incidência que varia muito na literatura. O diagnóstico é avaliado pela presença da tríade clássica - sudorese, calor e hiperemia na face, durante a alimentação - e documentado pelo teste com amido e iodo de Minor. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência desta síndrome nos pacientes submetidos à parotidectomia parcial, no Centro de Otorrinolaringologia de Limeira, no período de 1994-2004 e correlacioná-la com os achados clínicos e com a técnica cirúrgica utilizada. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Quatorze pacientes foram submetidos à parotidectomia parcial com rotação de retalho pediculado do músculo esternocleidomastóideo e responderam a questionário e a seguir foi realizado o teste do iodo, classificando-se os pacientes em positivos e negativos para o teste em um estudo clínico retrospectivo. RESULTADO: Nesta casuística, observamos que 21% dos pacientes após parotidectomia parcial apresentaram positividade para o teste, sendo os mesmos pacientes que apresentaram queixas clínicas ao responderem o questionário. CONCLUSÃO: Somente os pacientes que apresentaram sintomatologia clínica tiveram positividade no teste do iodo, e a técnica cirúrgica empregada foi eficiente no tratamento da patologia da glândula, pois apresentou baixa incidência de acordo com a literatura pesquisada.INTRODUCTION: Frey syndrome is a sequela observed after parotidectomy and the reported incidence varies enormously in the literature. Diagnosis is evaluated by presence of the classic triad of gustatory sweating, heating and flushing while feeding and documented by Minor starch-iodine test. AIM: to evaluate the incidence of this syndrome in patients submitted to partial parotidectomy at Centro Otorrinolaringológico de Limeira, from 1994 to 2004, including presence of signs and symptoms and the surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHOD: fourteen patients undergoing partial

  15. Predictors of Post-Operative Pain Relief in Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis Undergoing the Frey or Whipple Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Amitasha; Patel, Yuval A; Cruise, Michael; Matsukuma, Karen; Zaheer, Atif; Afghani, Elham; Yadav, Dhiraj; Makary, Martin A; Hirose, Kenzo; Andersen, Dana K; Singh, Vikesh K

    2016-04-01

    Post-operative pain relief in chronic pancreatitis (CP) is variable. Our objective was to determine clinical imaging or histopathologic predictor(s) of post-operative pain relief in CP patients undergoing the Whipple or Frey procedure. All patients who underwent a Whipple (n = 30) or Frey procedure (n = 30) for painful CP between January 2003 and September 2013 were evaluated. A toxic etiology was defined as a history of alcohol use and/or smoking. The pre-operative abdominal CT was evaluated for calcification(s) and main pancreatic duct (MPD) dilation (≥5 mm). The post-operative histopathology was evaluated for severe fibrosis. Clinical imaging and histopathologic features were evaluated as predictors of post-operative pain relief using univariable and multivariable regression analysis. A total of 60 patients (age 51.6 years, 53% males) were included in our study, of whom 42 (70%) reported post-operative pain relief over a mean follow-up of 1.1 years. There were 37 (62%) patients with toxic etiology, 36 (60%) each with calcification(s) and MPD dilation. A toxic etiology, calcifications, and severe fibrosis were associated with post-operative pain relief on univariable analysis (all p Whipple or Frey procedure.

  16. Frey procedure for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis associated with common bile duct stricture.

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    Rebibo, Lionel; Yzet, Thierry; Cosse, Cyril; Delcenserie, Richard; Bartoli, Eric; Regimbeau, Jean-Marc

    2013-12-01

    The Frey procedure (FP) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic chronic pancreatitis (CP). In cases of biliary stricture, biliary derivation can be performed by choledochoduodenostomy, Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy or, more recently, reinsertion of the common bile duct (CBD) into the resection cavity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes associated with each of these three types of biliary derivation. We retrospectively analyzed demographic, CP-related, surgical and follow-up data for patients having undergone FP for CP with biliary derivation between 2004 and 2012 in our university medical center. The primary efficacy endpoint was the rate of CBD stricture recurrence. The secondary endpoints were surgical parameters, postoperative complications, postoperative follow-up and the presence of risk factors for secondary CBD stricture. Eighty patients underwent surgery for CP during the study period. Of these, 15 patients received biliary derivation with the FP. Eight of the FPs (53.3%) were combined with choledochoduodenostomy, 4 (26.7%) with choledochojejunostomy and 3 (20.0%) with reinsertion of the CBD into the resection cavity. The mean operating time was 390 minutes. Eleven complications (73.3%) were recorded, including one major complication (6.7%) that necessitated radiologically-guided drainage of an abdominal collection. The mean (range) length of stay was 17 days (8-28) and the median (range) follow-up time was 35.2 months (7.2-95.4). Two patients presented stricture after CBD reinsertion into the resection cavity; one was treated with radiologically-guided dilatation and the other underwent revisional Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy. Three patients presented alkaline reflux gastritis (37.5%), one (12.5%) cholangitis and one CBD stricture after FP with choledochoduodenostomy. No risk factors for secondary CBD stricture were identified. As part of a biliary derivation, the FP gave good results. We did not observe any

  17. Biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae, Rutelinae in crop succession at central Brazil

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    Alex Furquim Pereira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus (Coleoptera, Melolonthidae, Rutelinae in crop succession at central Brazil. Beetles of the family Melolonthidae make up a large group and some species are considered pests of planted crops. Little information is available on the basic biological aspects of the genus Leucothyreus, such as association with cultivated crops and their occurrence periods. Therefore studies were developed in soybean and corn crops in Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso, Brazil, with the objective of studying the occurrence and biological aspects of Leucothyreus alvarengai Frey and Leucothyreus aff. semipruinosus Ohaus. For acquisition of immature specimens of both species, in April 2011 sampling was performed in corn fields, in July and October in the fallow area, and in soybeans fields planted in December; in 2012 sampling was performed in January and February in soybean fields and in March in corn fields. In 2011 the total number of larvae obtained in April, July, October and December were 100, 6, 30 and 27, and in January, February and March of 2012 these quantities were 32, 52 and 65 larvae, respectively. In all sampling events the larvae of L. alvarengai were collected in greater quantity. At the beginning of the reproductive period of L. alvarengai and L. aff. semipruinosus, it was observed that the adults began to fly and soon after started oviposition in the field in September. The appearance of larvae coincides with the time of soybean planting in the field, thus the larvae feed on roots of soybean plants at the beginning of their development and the cycle from egg to adult of the two species was completed in one year.

  18. Assessment of the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia and neuropathic pain. A pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Keizer, D.; van Wijhe, M.; Post, W.J.; Uges, D.R.A.; Wierda, J.M.K.H.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Allodynia is a common and disabling symptom in many patients with neuropathic pain. Whereas quantification of pain mostly depends on subjective pain reports, allodynia can also be measured objectively with quantitative sensory testing. In this pilot study, we investigated the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia as a consequence of a neuropathic pain syndrome, by means of correlating subjective pain scores with p...

  19. Katrin Pajuste / Jane Frey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frey, Jane, 1950-

    2005-01-01

    24. septembril 2004. a. kaitses Katrin Pajuste Tartu Ülikoolis väitekirja teemal "Õhusaasteainete sadenemine ja transformeerumine okaspuumetsades: Eesti riiklike seireandmete põhjal" ("Deposition and transformation of air pollutants in coniferous forests: a study based on Estonian monitoring data")

  20. Correlação entre as escalas visual analógica, de Melbourne e filamentos de Von Frey na avaliação da dor pós-operatória em cadelas submetidas à ovariossalpingohisterectomia Correlation between visual analog scale, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments in post-operatory pain evaluation in bitches submitted to ovaryhysterectomy

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    Virgínia Heinze Pohl

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A avaliação da dor em animais necessita da utilização de escalas de avaliação, que dependem da interpretação realizada por observadores. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a correlação entre a escala visual analógica (EVA, escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey, na avaliação da dor pós-operatória em 42 cadelas adultas e saudáveis, submetidas à ovariossalpingohisterectomia (OSH. A dor pós-operatória foi avaliada por dois observadores cegos aos tratamentos analgésicos, em intervalos de uma hora, utilizando a EVA, a escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey, aplicados ao redor da incisão cirúrgica. Foram considerados como critérios para realização da analgesia resgate uma pontuação de 50mm na EVA ou de 13 pontos na escala de Melbourne. A EVA revelou-se a escala mais sensível, uma vez que 100% dos animais receberam resgate seguindo esse método. Os valores obtidos na EVA e na escala de Melbourne determinaram boa correlação, com r=0,74, o que não ocorreu com os filamentos de Von Frey (r=-0,18. Já a correlação entre a escala de Melbourne e os filamentos de Von Frey foi de -0.37. Apesar de a EVA e a escala de Melbourne apresentarem boa correlação, sugere-se que se considere uma pontuação menor na escala de Melbourne como critério para administração de analgesia resgate.Pain evaluation in animals requires the use of evaluation scales, which depend on the interpretation made by observers. The present study aimed to evaluate the correlation between visual analog scale (VAS, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments in the evaluation of post-operatory pain in fourty two healthy adult bitches submited to ovariohysterectomy. Post-operatory pain was evaluated by two observers unaware of the analgesic protocol used, in one-hour intervals, using VAS, Melbourne pain scale and Von Frey filaments, applied around the surgical wound. A score of 50mm in VAS or 13 points in the Melbourne pain scale were

  1. Is the Whipple procedure harmful for long-term outcome in treatment of chronic pancreatitis? 15-years follow-up comparing the outcome after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy and Frey procedure in chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, Kai; Tomkoetter, Lena; Kutup, Asad; Erbes, Johannes; Vashist, Yogesh; Mann, Oliver; Bockhorn, Maximilian; Izbicki, Jakob R

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to report on 15-year long-term results of a randomized controlled trial comparing extended drainage procedure (Frey) and classical resectional procedure [pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PD)] in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is a common inflammatory disease with a prevalence of 10 to 30 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. It is characterized by the progressive conversion of pancreatic parenchyma to fibrous tissue. Different surgical procedures are used in treatment of persistent pain. Sixty-four patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis with inflammatory mass in the pancreatic head were randomly assigned in 2 treatment groups (PD, n = 32) and (Frey, n = 32). The perioperative course of the randomized controlled trial and the 7 years follow-up have been previously published. All participating patients were contacted with a standardized, validated questionnaire (EORTC QLQ C30) to evaluate the long-term survival, quality-of-life pain, and exocrine and endocrine function. In the 15-year long-term follow-up, the pain control was good and comparable between both groups, but the quality of life was better after Frey procedure in regard of the physical status [PD: 100 (0-100) vs PD: 60 (0-100) (P = 0.011)]. No significant differences in terms of the Pain Score were detected between both groups [PD: 7 (0-100) vs Frey 4 (0-100) P = 0.258]. Seven patients after Frey OP and 6 patients after PD were free of pain. Analyzing the postoperative overall survival, a higher long-term mortality was found after PD (53%) than that found after Frey procedure (30%) resulting in a longer mean survival (14.5 ± 0.8 vs 11.3 ± 0.8 years; P = 0.037). No correlation between endocrine or exocrine pancreatic function and pain was found, whereas continuous alcohol consumption was associated with poorer outcome regarding quality of life (P treatment of chronic pancreatitis.

  2. Tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica com a técnica de F rey: panorama atual Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis with frey procedure: current situation

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    Martinho Antonio Gestic

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A pancreatite crônica é desordem inflamatória progressiva caracterizada pela destruição irreversível do parênquima pancreático, podendo estar associada à dor crônica incapacitante e perda permanente da função endócrina e exócrina. A principal indicação cirúrgica é a dor abdominal intratável e a escolha da melhor técnica a ser empregada permanece um desafio. A técnica descrita por Frey conseguiu combinar a eficácia no controle da dor das operações de ressecção com as baixas taxas de mortalidade e morbidade das derivativas. OBJETIVO: Comparar e discutir os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica com a técnica de Frey. MÉTODOS: Revisão bibliográfica de 276 artigos científicos disponíveis no Medline/Pubmed e no banco de dados de teses nacionais com os descritores pancreatite crônica, tratamento cirúrgico e cirurgia de Frey. Foram selecionados os 30 artigos de maior importância e que relataram maior experiência com esta opção cirúrgica. CONCLUSÕES: A técnica de Frey demonstra ser opção de alta efetividade no controle da dor abdominal secundária à pancreatite crônica no longo prazo naqueles pacientes com dor abdominal incapacitante e aumento volumétrico da cabeça pancreática, com menores taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Os estudos demonstraram pequena interferência da técnica na deterioração das funções endócrina e exócrina.INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive inflammatory disorder characterized by irreversible destruction of pancreatic parenchyma and may be associated with disabling chronic pain and permanent loss of endocrine and exocrine function. Main indication for surgery is intractable abdominal pain and choosing the best technique to be used for a patient remains a challenge. The technique described by Frey combines the effectiveness of pain control characteristic of resection surgery with low mortality and morbidity of derivative

  3. The Effectiveness of Sternocleidomastoid Flap Versus Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Flap for the Prevention of Frey Syndrome and Facial Depressed Deformity in Parotid Surgery for Pleomorphic Adenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manola, Marco; Moscillo, Luca; Simeon, Vittorio; De Luca, Elena; Mastella, Americo

    2018-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 2 types of reconstruction techniques: sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap after partial parotidectomy (PP) for preventing Frey syndrome (FS) and concave facial depressed deformity. A total of 99 patients underwent PP for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. The patients were divided in 2 groups according to the dimension of the tumor: tumors less than 3 cm (group A, 47 patients) and tumors greater than or equal to 3 cm (group B, 52 patients). The patients in the 2 groups were assigned to 3 subgroups: PP without reconstruction (subgroup 1), PP and reconstruction with SMAS flap (subgroup 2), PP, and reconstruction with SCM flap (subgroup 3). In group A, the results of FS subjective symptoms, positivity of Minor starch test, and the median score of cosmetic results assessed with Visual Analogue Scale were as follows: in subgroup 1: 20%, 35%, 6; in subgroup 2: 13.3%, 13,3%, 8; in subgroup 3: 0%, 8.3%, 9. In patients of group B, the results were as follows: 60%, 73.3%, 3 in subgroup 1; 28.5%, 35.7%, 5 in subgroup 2; and 8.6%, 8.6%, 8 in subgroup 3. The study demonstrates a statistical difference (P SCM flap with the subgroup of PP without reconstruction for tumors greater than 3 cm. In tumors less than 3 cm, although there is an improvement of symptoms using SMAS or SCM, there is no statistical significance. The SCM is able to reduce the risk of the onset of both objective and subjective symptoms, whereas SMAS flap has a protective effect only in objective symptoms. The cosmetic results in this study were statistically significant both with SMAS and SCM but when comparing SCM versus SMAS the best results were for SCM.

  4. Building, testing and validating a set of home-made von Frey filaments: a precise, accurate and cost effective alternative for nociception assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Marcelo Victor Pires; Ferraresi, Cleber; de Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Yoshimura, Elisabeth Mateus; Hamblin, Michael R

    2014-07-30

    A von Frey filament (vFF) is a type of aesthesiometer usually made of nylon perpendicularly held in a base. It can be used in paw withdrawal pain threshold assessment, one of the most popular tests for pain evaluation using animal models. For this test, a set of filaments, each able to exert a different force, is applied to the animal paw, from the weakest to the strongest, until the paw is withdrawn. We made 20 low cost vFF using nylon filaments of different lengths and constant diameter glued perpendicularly to the ends of popsicle sticks. They were calibrated using a laboratory balance scale. Building and calibrating took around 4h and confirmed the theoretical prediction that the force exerted is inversely proportional to the length and directly proportional to the width of the filament. The calibration showed that they were precise and accurate. We analyzed the paw withdrawal threshold assessed with the set of home-made vFF and with a high quality commercial set of 5 monofilaments vFF (Stoelting, Wood Dale, USA) in two groups (n=5) of healthy mice. The home-made vFF precisely and accurately measured the hind paw withdrawal threshold (20.3±0.9 g). The commercial vFF have different diameters while our set has the same diameter avoiding the problem of lower sensitivity to larger diameter filaments. Building a set of vFF is easy, cost effective, and depending on the kind of tests, can increase precision and accuracy of animal nociception evaluation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Aplicación de la toxina botulínica A para el tratamiento del síndrome de Frey Application of botulinum toxin A for the treatment of Frey’s Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Mareque Bueno

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome Aurículo-temporal también conocido como sudoración gustativa o síndrome de Frey, es una entidad caracterizada por sudoración y enrojecimiento de la piel del territorio inervado por el nervio aurículo-temporal durante las comidas. El síndrome de Frey es probablemente una secuela inevitable en la cirugía de la glándula parótida. Una vez que se presenta se perpetua durante toda la vida si no se realiza tratamiento. Realizando el test de Minor tras cirugía sobre la glándula parótida ha sido publicado que el 100% son positivos, y que el 50% son sintomáticos percibiendo la sudoración durante las comidas, y alrededor de un 15% consideran sus síntomas graves. En el siguiente articulo presentamos los resultados de nuestro estudio que consistió en la inyección intradérmica de toxina botulínica A a nuestros pacientes con síndrome de Frey y el seguimiento. Los resultados han sido desaparición de los síntomas durante un periodo medio de 16 meses con cierta variabilidad individual. Con estos resultados podría considerarse la inyección de toxina botulínica A como ténica de elección para el síndrome de Frey ya establecido.The auriculotemporal syndrome, also known as gustatory sweating or Frey’s syndrome, is a condition characterized by sweating and flushing of the cutaneous territory innervated by the auriculotemporal nerve while eating. Frey’s syndrome is probably an inevitable sequela of parotid gland surgery. Once it appears, it persists for the rest of the patient’s life if not treated. It has been reported that performance on the Minor test after parotid gland surgery is 100% positive and 50% of patients are symptomatic, experiencing sweating during meals. About 15% consider their symptoms serious. In this article we present the results of our study of the treatment of Frey’s syndrome by intradermal injection of botulinum toxin A and the follow-up of the patients. The patients’ symptoms disappeared during

  6. Injeção epidural de morfina ou cetamina em cães: avaliação do efeito analgésico pelo emprego de filamentos de von Frey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valadão C.A.A.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilizaram-se 14 cães mestiços, com idade inferior a cinco anos e peso médio de 12,5kg, com o objetivo de se avaliar os efeitos da injeção epidural de morfina ou cetamina sobre a dor pós-operatória. Os cães foram anestesiados com sevoflurano por meio de máscara facial, e em ato contínuo, receberam injeção epidural de morfina (0,1mg/kg; G1 ou cetamina (0,2mg/kg; G2 diluídas em 0,3ml/kg de solução salina. A incisão experimental de 1,5cm foi realizada no coxim plantar e suturada com fio de náilon. Interrompida a anestesia inalatória e decorridos 30 minutos iniciou-se a avaliação da dor peri-incisional, aplicando-se os filamentos de von Frey a 0,3cm equidistantes da incisão. O procedimento foi repetido a intervalos de 30 minutos até 120 minutos, e posteriormente às 3, 4, 5, 6 e 24 horas do período pós-incisional. Os animais de G1 não responderam à estimulação com os filamentos e apoiaram o membro incindido normalmente durante todo o período de avaliação. No G2 observou-se aumento progressivo da resposta à estimulação pelos filamentos de von Frey desde os 90 minutos até 24 horas. A morfina reduziu a dor pós-incisional por 24 horas, mostrando-se mais efetiva do que a cetamina para o controle da dor.

  7. Humidity affects the performance of von Frey monofilaments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werner, M U; Nielsen, Per Rotbøll; Ellehuus-Hilmersson, C

    2011-01-01

    Assessment of tactile and nociceptive thresholds of the skin with calibrated polyamide monofilaments is an established testing method both in animal and in human research. It is known that changes in relative humidity may affect the physical properties of the monofilaments. As this effect has onl...

  8. Biological activities of Umbilicaria crustulosa (Ach.) frey acetone extract

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatanović Ivana; Stanković Miroslava; Stankov-Jovanović Vesna; Mitić Violeta; Zrnzević Ivana; Đorđević Aleksandra; Stojanović Gordana

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports for the first time the effect of an acetone extract of Umbilicaria crustulosa on the micronucleus distribution of human lymphocytes, and on the cholinesterase activity and antioxidant activity by the cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method. Additionally, the total phenolic compounds (TPC) and the antioxidant properties were estimated via DPPH, ABTS and TRP assays. Moreover, the antibacterial activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteri...

  9. Biological activities of Umbilicaria crustulosa (Ach. frey acetone extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Ivana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports for the first time the effect of an acetone extract of Umbilicaria crustulosa on the micronucleus distribution of human lymphocytes, and on the cholinesterase activity and antioxidant activity by the cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC method. Additionally, the total phenolic compounds (TPC and the antioxidant properties were estimated via DPPH, ABTS and TRP assays. Moreover, the antibacterial activity against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria were determined. Acetone extract of U. crustulosa at concentration of 1 and 2 μg mL-1 decreased a frequency of micronuclei (MN by 10.8 and 16.8 %, respectively, acting more or slightly less than the synthetic protector amifostine (AMF, WR-2721, 11.4 %, at concentration of 1 μg mL-1. The tested extract did not inhibit cholinesterase activity nor did it exhibit activity toward the examined bacteria. The extract reduced the concentration of DPPH and ABTS radicals by 88.7 and 96.2 %, respectively. Values for total reducing power (TRP and cupric reducing capacity (CUPRAC were 0.6197±0.0166 μg ascorbic acid equivalents (AAE per mg of dry extract, and 19.7641±1.6546 μg trolox equivalents (TE per mg of dry extract, respectively. The total phenol content was 350.4188 ±14.587 μg gallic acid equivalents (GAE per mg of dry extract. The results of the present study showed that U. crustulosa acetone extract is a promising candidate for in vivo experiments considering its antioxidant activity and protective effect on human lymphocytes. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 172047

  10. Paris Photo 2015 / Kristel Schwede, Annika Haas, Laura Põld, Piret Frey

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline fotomess "Paris Photo 2015" 12. kuni 15. novembrini Pariisi messihallis Grand Palais. Eestit esindasid messil oma loominguga Jaanus Samma, Sigrid Viir, Krista Mölder (Temnikova & Kasela galerii)

  11. Erich Frey and associates: a bold contribution to South African silver ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He incorporated materials other than precious stones (such as wood and ivory) in his designs and explored these materials' natural form, texture and colour in composing their precious metal settings. By making use of semi-precious stones he helped stimulate the development of a gemmological industry in the country.

  12. Hi, Toomas! / Sirje Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Sirje, 1949-

    1999-01-01

    Vastuseks Toomas Vindi artiklile 'Veneetsia, mu arm(astus) ja arm(etus) 12. veebruari 'Sirbis'. Eesti kunstielus on levinud üksteise süüdistamine, mis kokkuvõttes toob ainult kahju eesti kunstile tervikuna.

  13. Illusoorne autentsus / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2000-01-01

    Arvustus: Taylor, Charles. Autentsuse eetika / inglise k. tlk. Märt Väljataga. Tallinn : Hortus Litterarum, 2000. (Avatud Eesti raamat). Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Paul, Toomas. Kirik keset küla. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003, lk. 311-317

  14. Interview : Toomas Hendrik Ilves / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib Eesti ja Gruusia vahelistest suhetest, demokraatia püsimajäämise tähtsusest Gruusias, parlamentaarse valitsemiskorralduse eelistest presidentaalse ees, rahuvalvest Lõuna-Osseetias ja Abhaasias, Eesti ja Gruusia koostöövõimalustest, põhiseaduslikkusele kindlaksjäämisest poliitikas, eelseisvast kohtumisest Gruusia parlamendi esimehe Nino Burjanadzega, Eesti majandusreformide kopeerimise võimalikkusest Gruusias

  15. Uta Felten, Tanja Schwan (Hg.: Frida Kahlo. Berlin: edition tranvía – Verlag Walter Frey 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabea Huth

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Im vorliegenden Sammelband bemühen sich die Autor/-innen um eine Neubewertung des Werks der mexikanischen Künstlerin Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 im Kontext aktueller theoretischer Debatten und stellen die Frage nach der Verortung der Künstlerin in der zeitgenössischen mexikanischen und europäischen Kunstszene. Unter der Verwendung von theoretischen Ansätzen aus der Erforschung von Intermedialität, Gender, Performanz und Hybridität sowie Inspirationen aus der postkolonialen Theorie analysieren die Autoren/-innen das Zusammenspiel von Leben, Werk und Rezeption der Künstlerin. Das Interesse an der Inszenierung des fragmentierten weiblichen Körpers im Kontext kultureller Hybridität verbindet die einzelnen Aufsätze – was leider im Titel des Bandes nicht ganz deutlich wird.The authors of the collected volume at hand attempt a reassessment of the work of the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 in the context of current theoretical debates. They question how to best locate the artist within the contemporary Mexican and European art scene. The authors analyze the interplay between life, work, and reception of the artist by utilizing theoretical approaches from research on intermediality, gender, performance, and hybridity as well as inspirations from postcolonial theory. The interest in the staging of the fragmented female body in the context of cultural hybridity ties the individual essays together. This is unfortunately not made clear in the title of the volume.

  16. Rezension zu: Uta Felten, Tanja Schwan (Hg.: Frida Kahlo. Berlin: edition tranvía – Verlag Walter Frey 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabea Huth

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Im vorliegenden Sammelband bemühen sich die Autor/-innen um eine Neubewertung des Werks der mexikanischen Künstlerin Frida Kahlo (1907–1954 im Kontext aktueller theoretischer Debatten und stellen die Frage nach der Verortung der Künstlerin in der zeitgenössischen mexikanischen und europäischen Kunstszene. Unter der Verwendung von theoretischen Ansätzen aus der Erforschung von Intermedialität, Gender, Performanz und Hybridität sowie Inspirationen aus der postkolonialen Theorie analysieren die Autoren/-innen das Zusammenspiel von Leben, Werk und Rezeption der Künstlerin. Das Interesse an der Inszenierung des fragmentierten weiblichen Körpers im Kontext kultureller Hybridität verbindet die einzelnen Aufsätze – was leider im Titel des Bandes nicht ganz deutlich wird.

  17. Toomas Annus: meil polnud valikut / Toomas Annus ; interv. Koit Brinkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Toomas, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 19. märts lk. 4-5. Meko Ehitus omanik Toomas Annus vastab küsimustele ettevõtte kaheks jagamise kohta. Vt. samas: Milles kahtlustab kapo Toomas Annust?; Kaisa Tahlfeld. Ettevõtjad kiidavad Merko otsust

  18. Londonis etendub Toomas Eduri ballett eesti muusikale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    30. juunil esietendub Londonis Toomas Eduri originaalballett "Vaiksed monoloogid" eesti heliloojate muusikale. Samal õhtul tantsivad Londoni City kultuurifestivali raames Püha Pauluse katedraalis Toomas Edur ja Age Oks Inglise rahvusballeti esitatavas "Chopinianas"

  19. Eesti Panga vaheehitus Tallinnas / Toomas Rein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Toomas, 1940-

    1999-01-01

    Arhitektuur, ruumikujundus, tehnilisi näitajaid. Kitsa vaheehituse Estonia pst. 11/13 projekteeris OÜ Arhitektuuribüroo Toomas Rein, arhitekt Toomas Rein. Sisekujundaja AS Stuudio Gadis, sisearhitekt Taevo Gans

  20. Karjas on ohutum elada / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2003-01-01

    Vt. ka Paul, Toomas. "Löö esimesena, Freddy!". Eesti Päevaleht, 8. mai 2003. Inimesest kui karjaloomast, inimloomusest ja sallivusest. Ilm. ka: Paul, Toomas. Ole salliv, Bob // Pastishsh & popurrii : ilmavaatlusi / Paul, Toomas. - [Tallinn] : Oomen, 2007. - Lk. 54-58

  1. Toomas Vainola : Sojuz betona za beton! / Toomas Vainola

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainola, Toomas, 1960-

    2004-01-01

    17. II asutasid 42 ehitusmaterjalitööstuse, ehitusettevõtete, arhitektide ja projekteerijate ning akadeemilise ringkonna esindajat Eesti Betooniühingu. Esimeheks valitud Toomas Vainola ühingu eesmärgist, liikmetest, betooni eelistest, 19. III toimuvast betoonipäevast, Aasta Betoonehitise konkursist jm.

  2. Kiik ja riik / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Kiik, Heino. Murrang. (Aasta 1986). Tln. : Õllu, 1995 ; Kiik, Heino. Fataalne optimist. (Aasta 1987). Tln. : Õllu, 1995. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Haug, Toomas. Troojamäe tõotus. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2004, lk. 353-357

  3. Intervjuu Toomas Korbiga / Toomas Korb ; interv. Maris Takk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korb, Toomas

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu publitsistikapreemia nominentideks olid Eesti Kunstiakadeemia sisearhitektuuri kateedri aastaraamatu koostajad Toivo Raidmets ja Toomas Korb. Perioodi 2004-2005 kajastavast aastaraamatust. Edaspidi on plaanis aastaraamatut hakata välja andma kolme aasta tagant. T. Korbist, tema tehtud tööd. T. Raidmetsast, tema tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: 6 värv. vaadet, fotod sisearhitektidest

  4. Ära pabista, Sam! / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2003-01-01

    Inimese võimest leida lohutust täieliku lootusetuse olukorras ja võimetusest ette näha, milliste tulemusteni tema tegevus lõpuks viib. Ilm. ka: Paul, Toomas. Riskiveski krigin // Pastishsh & popurrii : ilmavaatlusi / Paul, Toomas. - [Tallinn] : Oomen, 2007. - Lk. 133-139

  5. Patsifistlik rahulolu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne võidupühal 23. juunil 2007 Raplas. Ilmunud ka: Nädaline 26. juuni 2007, lk. 5, pealk.: Vabariigi President võidupühal, 23. juunil 2007 Raplas; Järva Teataja 26. juuni 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Riik peab suutma end kaitsta; Sakala 26. juuni 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Demokraatia ja iseseisvus pole Eestimaal iseenesestmõistetavad; Virumaa Teataja 26. juuni 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne võidupühal 23. juunil Raplas; Meie Maa 26. juuni 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: President Ilvese Võidupüha kõne; Eesti Elu 29. juuni 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: Eesti Vabariigi Presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Raplas Võidupüha paraadi avamisel 23. juunil (lüh.); Läänekaare Postipoiss 2007, nr. 210, lk. 4-5, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Raplas võidupüha paraadi avamisel 23. juunil 2007

  6. Assessment of the clinical relevance of quantitative sensory testing with Von Frey monofilaments in patients with allodynia and neuropathic pain. A pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keizer, D.; van Wijhe, M.; Post, W.J.; Uges, D.R.A.; Wierda, J.M.K.H.

    Background: Allodynia is a common and disabling symptom in many patients with neuropathic pain. Whereas quantification of pain mostly depends on subjective pain reports, allodynia can also be measured objectively with quantitative sensory testing. In this pilot study, we investigated the clinical

  7. Mida ihkab mu hing? / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Joyce, James. Pagulased : [näidend] / tõlkinud Jaak Rähesoo. Tallinn : Varrak, 2003. Ilmunud ka: Raudam, Toomas. Väike äratundmiste raamat. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006. Lk. 124-128

  8. Toomas Peterson : Austan neid, kes on ise vähemalt krooni teeninud / Toomas Peterson ; interv. Vallo Toomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    Endine Lennuameti peadirektor, nüüd toitlustusäriga tegelev Toomas Peterson tema vastu esitatud süüdistustest maksupettuses ja kriminaalmenetluse lõpetamisest. Lisa: Toomas Petersoni CV; Sündmuste käik

  9. Toomas Hendrik Ilves visits Ottawa / Peeter Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, Peeter

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust Ottawasse 28. ja 29. mail 2008. Parlamendimäel toimunud XXVIII Balti Õhtust ja Eesti Vabariigi Suursaatkonna poolt organiseeritud vastuvõtust Ottawa Hunt & Golf Club'is. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Kanadas 26.-30.05.2008

  10. Kandidaadid : Ene Ergma versus Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Artiklis vastatakse küsimustele, kes oleksid Kadriorus Ene Ergma ja Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nõunikud, millist sõnumit kannaks nende esimene iseseisvuspäeva kõne, kuidas nad tähistaksid oma võitu presidendivalimistel, kellele nad annaksid Maarjamaa Risti, kuhu nad teeksid oma esimese välisvisiidi

  11. Toomas Annus. Elu koos kapoga / Kadri Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Kadri, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Merko suuromanik Toomas Annus räägib hirmuõhustikust ja kahtlustustest tema ümber, sõpradest ja toetajatest, süüdistusest ja prokuratuuri käitumisest. Vt. samas: Skandaal hakks kaks aastat tagasi. Kommenteerivad: Enn Veskimägi, Juhan Parts, Indrek Neivelt

  12. Salapäarane Toomas Tool pole enam suuraktsionär / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    1998-01-01

    Ühispanga Ja Tallinna Panga liitumisel tekkiva uue panga liitumisel tekkiva uue panga nõukogusse valitud Toomas Tool. Tabel: Toomas Tooliga seotud firmade Tallinna Panga aktsiad; skeem: Toomas Tooliga seotud firmade võrgustik

  13. Eesti Energia unustas Toomas Lumani andmed / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Energia jurist Heili Raudkivi palus rahandusministeeriumilt infot, mis tähtajaks on rahandusminister nimetanud Eesti Energia nõukogu liikmeks Toomas Lumani. Eesti Energia pressiesindaja selgitus

  14. Isepäine modernist Toomas Rein / Toomas Rein ; intervjueerinud Mait Väljas ja Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Toomas, 1940-

    2010-01-01

    23. aprillil avatakse Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis arhitekt Toomas Reinu 70. sünnipäevale pühendatud näitus. Kataloogi ja näituse on koostanud Toomas Rein ja Mait Väljas, kujundanud Tiit Jürna. Toomas Rein endast, oma loomingust, eeskujudest, näitusest, nõukogude perioodi hoonete olukorrast, viimase aja töödest, koostööst teiste arhitektidega, teostamata projektidest

  15. Ärimees Toomas Lumani jõuluüllatus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Portreeartikkel Eesti Kaubandus- ja Tööstuskoja juhatuse ning Eesti Ehituse ASi nõukogu esimehest ja suuromanikust Toomas Lumanist. Perefirma Luman ja Pojad tütarettevõttena loodud Aeronautica hakkab tegelema lennukite rentimisega. Lisatud lühiülevaade Toomas Lumani elukäigust, haridusest, karjäärist, hobidest ja tegutsemisest erinevates organisatsioonides

  16. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese avaldus seoses sündmustega Gruusias / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. samas: President Ilves sõitis Thbilisisse. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves sõitis koos Poola riigipea Lech Kaczynski, Leedu riigipea Valdas Adamkuse, Ukraina riigipea Viktor Jushtshenko ning Läti peaministri Ivars Godmanisega Gruusiasse. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Gruusias 12.-13.08.2008. Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 13. aug, lk. 2

  17. Trompet soovib rahulikku und / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Afganistanis langenud seersant Kalle Torni ja nooremseersant Jako Karuksi hüvastijätutalitusel Tapal 4. juulil 2007. Ilmunud ka: Sõdur 2007, nr. 4, lk. 37, pealk.: Me ei unusta langenud sõjamehi; Virumaa Teataja 5. juuli 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Presidendi kõne Tapal 4. juulil; Vooremaa 5. juuli 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Viimane valvepost; Harjumaa 6. juuli 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Armsad Kalle Torni ja Jako Karuksi lähedased! Sõbrad ja kamraadid! Head kaasmaalased! (lüh.); ingl. k. The Baltic Times 12. juuli 2007, lk. 15, pealk.: Two Estonian soldiers at their last post

  18. Oma riiki peab uskuma / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Presidendi tervitus 2006/2007. aasta vahetusel. Ilmunud ka: Postimees 3. jaan. 2007, lk. 21, pealk.: Rohkem armastust Eesti vastu; Eesti Päevaleht 3. jaan. 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: Olgem uhked oma riigi üle; Virumaa Teataja 3. jaan. lk.11, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese uusaastatervitus; lühendatult: Pärnu Postimees 3. jaan. 2007, lk. 15, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi tervitus 2006/2007 aastavahetusel; Põhjarannik 3. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Uskumata oma riiki, pole usku iseendasse; Severnoje Poberezhje 3. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja 4. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese uusaastatervitus; Lõunaleht 4. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Eesti presidendi uusaastatervitus; Koit 4. jaan. 2007, lk. 6 lüh., pealk.: Presidendi tervitus aastavahetusel; Harjumaa 5. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus; Kuulutaja 5. jaan. 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2006/2007 aastavahetusel; MK-Estonija 10. jaan. 2007, lk. 8; Eesti Elu 5. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2006/2007. aastavahetusel, lk. 11, pealk.: Greeting from the President of the Republic for the turn of 2006/2007; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 11. jaan. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Olgem uhked oma riigi üle; Vaba Eesti Sõna 4. jaan. 2007, lk. 12, pealk.: Greeting from the President of the Republic for the turn of 2006/2007; Meie Kodu 24. jaan. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2006/2007. aastavahetusel

  19. Me saame hakkama! / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2008/2009. aastavahetusel. Ilmunud ka: Postimees 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 3, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese uusaastatervitus; Eesti Päevaleht 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 3, pealk.: Sajandi keerulisim aasta. Vt. samas: Muutunud aeg. Väljavõte presidendi uusaastakõnest 2007. aasta 31. detsembril; Oma Saar 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 5, pealk.: Armas rahvas!; Pärnu Postimees 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 5, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi aastavahetuse tervitus; Võrumaa Teataja 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi tervitus aastavahetusel 2008/2009; Virumaa Teataja 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 11, pealk.: Homne on meie teha; Järva Teataja 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: Me tuleme toime; Hiiu Leht : Nädalalõpp 9. jaan. 2009, lk. 6, pealk.: Armas rahvas!; Meie Maa 3. jaan. 2009, lk. 2 (tsitaat kõnest); Vaba Eesti Sõna 8. jaan. 2009, lk. 3, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus aastavahetusel; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 14. jaan. 2009, lk. 1, pealk.: Toomas Hendrik Ilves: Jäägem raskuste kiuste ausaks; Eesti Elu 9. jaan. 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2008/2009. aastavahetusel; Meie Kodu 21. jaan. 2009, lk. 1, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2008/2009. aastavahetusel; Eesti Hääl 24. jaan. 2009, lk. 1, pealk.: EV Presidendi kõne

  20. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves - tõusev täht Euroopa poliitilisel areenil = President Toomas Hendrik Ilves - a rising star in Europe's political arena

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Väljavõtteid välisajakirjandusest president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohta. Lisatud foto: Strateegilised partnerid: George W. Bush ja Toomas Hendrik Ilves arutamas Valges Majas küberkaitse probleeme = Strategic partners: George W. Bush and Toomas Hendrik Ilves discuss cyber security issues at the White House

  1. Prodavaja Estoniju zapadu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Charles Ehnman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    1998-01-01

    Tõlge Toomas Hendrik Ilvese antud intervjuust Kanada ajalehele "The Ottawa Citizen". Eesti majanduse olukord, ühinemine EL-i ja NATO-ga. Venelaste integreerimise tingimused. Kanada-Eesti suhted. Majanduslik olukord Venemaal

  2. Toomas Hendrik Ilvese nägemus presidendi esmastest ülesannetest / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Toomas Hendrik Ilvese põhimõtted, millest lähtuks tema tegevus presidendiks saades. Kommenteerib Rahvaliidu esimees Villu Reiljan. Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 16. sept. 2006, lk. 2,2; Äripäev 18. sept. 2006, lk. 35, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Pärnu Postimees, Hiiu Leht, Sakala 19. sept. 2006, lk. 15,4,2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Koit 19. sept. 2006, lk. 6, pealk.: Vaade on suunatud tulevikku; Meie Maa 20. sept. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Vaade tulevikku; Vesti Nedeli Den za Dnjom 22. sept. 2006, lk. 20. Ajal. Koit kommenteerib Rahvaliidu teabejuht Agu Uudelepp

  3. President tuli "koju" : President Toomas H. Ilves NY Eesti Majas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ja proua Evelin Ilvese külaskäigust New Yorgi Eesti Majja 23. septembril 2007. Tervitussõnavõttudega esinesid New Yorgi Eesti Haridusseltsi esimees dr. Toomas Sõrra, New Yorgi Eesti Kooli juhataja Karin Kärner. Kirjaliku tervituse saatis presidendile tema omaaegne skaudijuht Emu Saarniit. President T.H. Ilves meenutas oma sõnavõtus, et esimest korda külastas ta New Yorgi Eesti Maja 50 aastat tagasi. Pärast ametlike sõnavõttude lõppu said kõik kohaletulnud isiklikult presidenti tervitada. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 20.-26.09.2007

  4. Arnold Rüütel ja Toomas Hendrik Ilves raamaturiiulil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Arnold Rüütel. Tuleviku taassünd. Tallinn : Ilo, 2001; Toomas Kall. Rüütel : rahva keeles ja meeles. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006; Eesti Vabariigi President Arnold Rüütel. [Tallinn] : Ilo, 2006; Arnold Rüütel. Agraar-tööstuskompleksi areng Eesti NSV-s. Tallinn : Valgus, 1982; Arnold Rüütel. President : [valik Vabariigi Presidendi Arnold Rüütli kõnedest]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2003; Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Eesti jõudmine. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006

  5. Soovin ausat riigikogu valimiste kampaaniat / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne seoses Riigikogu XI koosseisu valimiste väljakuulutamisega 4. märtsil 2007. Ilmunud ka: Postimees 1. dets. 2006, lk. 19, pealk.: Tehing või leping; Lääne Elu 2. dets. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Toomas Hendrik Ilves: valik on lihtne - tehing või leping; MK-Estonija 6. dets. 2006, lk. 12; Eesti Elu 8. dets. 2006, lk. 1-2, pealk.: President kuulutas välja Riigikogu valimised; Meie Kodu 6. dets. 2006, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi President kuulutas välja Riigikogu valimised

  6. Reversing the Brain Drain / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Morten Tonnessen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves tööjõu vabast liikumisest, töötajate ja tööandjate vahelise dialoogi vajalikkusest, immigratsioonipoliitikast, võrdlusest Põhjamaadega. Eestikeelne ülevaade ja kommentaar vt. ka: Kesknädal 13. veebr. 2008, lk. 3, pealk.: Ilves võrdles Eesti ja Norra sotsiaalsüsteemi

  7. Toomas Tool ostab Thbilisi vanalinna / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Väidetavalt tunneb Eesti jõukamaid ärimehi Toomas Tool huvi kinnisvara vastu Thbilisi kesk- ja vanalinnas, kohtumisi Eesti ärimehe ja Gruusia riigimeeste vahel on aidanud korraldada Gruusia presidendi Mikhail Saakashvili nõunik Mart Laar. Vt. samas lühintervjuud Mart Laariga: Aitan paljusid ärimehi

  8. Urban hybrid : Bern-Ausserhollingen, Sveits / Inga Raukas, Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Inga, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Arhitektuuriagentuuri (Inga Raukas, Toomas Tammis, Tarmo Teedumäe, Eero Endjärv) tööst noorte arhitektide konkursil Europan 5 "Uued elamismaastikud, liikumine ja lähedus". 26.-29. IX 1999 Genfis toimunud rahvusvahelisest foorumist, millel Eestist osalesid Tõnu Laigu ja Inga Raukas. 5 ill

  9. Tunnistagem - riigina oleme hakkama saanud / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne iseseisvuspäeval Tartus Vanemuises. Lühendatud. Tsitaat kõnest ilmunud ka: Lääne Elu 27. veebr. 2010, lk. 2, pealk.: Haldusreform - refrään kurvas laulus. Väljavõtted kõnest ilmunud ka: Eesti Rada 2010, märts, nr. 2, lk. 3

  10. Unistused Pärnu 33 tooli asjus / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Pärnu maavanem Toomas Kivimägi iseloomustab olukorda Pärnumaal kolm nädalat enne valimisi. Erakondade ja valimisliitude valimislubadustest Pärnus. Kaart: Pärnumaa. Lisa: 21 omavalitsust. Vt. samas: Üks asfalttee Talile, palun!

  11. Krest Alfonsa Rebane / Toomas Virkus ; interv. Maksim Rogalski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Toomas

    1999-01-01

    Saksa sõjaväe Eesti Julgestusgrupi 181 ülema, esimese eestlasest Rüütliristi kavaleri kolonel Alfons Rebase (1908-1976) põrm tuuakse kodumaale ja maetakse 26. juunil Metsakalmistule. Intervjuu A. Rebase ristipoja Toomas Virkusega

  12. Kuulsuste keeruline elu : [anekdoodid] / Toomas Kall ; karikatuur: Rein Lauks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kall, Toomas, 1947-

    2014-01-01

    Anekdoodid järgmistest kuulsustest: Luisa Värk, Taavi Rõivas, Ardo Hansson, Bill Gates, Nicolas Sarkozy, Dmitri Medvedev, Edgar Savisaar, Vladimir Putin, Anton Vaino, Astrid Kannel, Viktor Janukovitš, Evelin Ilves, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Jürgen Ligi, Urve Palo, Indrek Tarand

  13. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Will Speak At Columbia University

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves esineb 22. septembril 2010 Columbia Ülikoolis kõnega ""Vana ja uus" Euroopa pärast Lissaboni lepingu jõustumist". Töövisiit Ameerika Ühendriikidesse 20.-27.09.2010

  14. Vladimir Geenius Nabokov (1899-1977) / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Nabokov, Vladimir. Ada, ehk, Arm : ühe suguseltsi kroonika : [romaan] / tõlkinud Rein Saluri. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2002. Ilmunud ka: Raudam, Toomas. Väike äratundmiste raamat. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006. Lk. 113-123

  15. Toomas Hendrik Ilves : v otnoshenii pamjatnika jeshtsho nitshego ne resheno / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Aleksei Venediktov, Nargiz Assadova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves vastas Vene raadiojaama Ehho Moskvõ peatoimetaja Aleksei Venediktovi ja väljaande KommersantVlast korrespondendi Nargiz Assadova küsimustele, mis puudutasid Tallinnas Tõnismäel asuva mälestusmärgi ja vene vähemusrahvuse probleeme

  16. Oleme võrdsed puu, hundi ja sipelgaga / Toomas Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trapido, Toomas, 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, Pärnu Postimees, Lääne Elu, Sakala, Virumaa Teataja, Koit, Võrumaa Teataja, Valgamaalane, Järva Teataja 5. nov lk. 2;7;4;4;3;3;4;5, Vooremaa 6. november lk. 3. Fondi tegevjuht Toomas Trapido loodab, et Euroopa Liiduga liitudes süveneb Eestis suund säästvusele ja loodushoiule. Lisa: EL rahastab Eesti keskkonnaehitusi

  17. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese tervitus kooliaasta alguse puhul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Lääne Elu 2. sept. 2010, lk. 2, pealk.: Omakeelne haridus on privileeg; Nädaline 2. sept. 2010, lk. 2, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese tervitus kooliaasta alguse puhul; Eesti Elu 3. sept. 2010, lk. 2,3, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus kooliaasta alguse puhul; Meie Kodu 8. sept. 2010, lk. 2, pealk.: President kutsus mõtlema omakeelsele haridusele. Tsitaat kõnest ilmunud ka: Järva Teataja 2. sept. 2010, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht 3. sept. 2010, lk. 2

  18. Riigikogu peab kontrollima valitsuse poliitikat / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Riigikogu XI koosseisu avaistungil 2. aprillil 2007. Ilmunud ka: SL Õhtuleht 3. apr. 2007, lk. 8, pealk.: Riigikogu pole kummitempel; Põhjarannik 3. apr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Riigikogu liige on valitsuse tööandja, mitte käsutäitja (lüh.); Severnoje Poberezhje 3. apr. 2007, lk. 2 (lüh.); Harju Ekspress 5. apr. 2007, lk. 4-5, pealk.: Vabariigi President Riigikogus XI koosseisu avaistungil; Eesti Elu 5. apr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi President Riigikogus XI koosseisu avaistungil 2. aprillil 2007 (väljavõtteid kõnest)

  19. Mankrutism, post-Soviet world vs investments in the future / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interviewed Mykola Siruk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib Eesti liitumisest Euroopa Liidu ja euroalaga, demokraatliku ühiskonna ülesehitamisest, ajaloo uurimise tähtsusest, Eesti madalast korruptsioonitasemest, Ukraina toetamisest Euroopasse integreerumisel

  20. Harvard Business Schoolis töötav ainus eestlane Toomas Laarits / intervjueerinud Luise Savik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarits, Toomas

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvard College'i bakalaureuseõppe lõpetanud ja Harvard Business Schoolis kahe õppejõu assistendina töötava eestlase Toomas Laaritsaga Harvard Business Schooli magistriõppest ja elust tudengina Harvardis

  1. Rakvere Teater mängib Kino-Mati lugu / Toomas Suuman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuman, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    Näitleja Erik Ruus Toomas Raudami poolt kirjapandud kinomehaanik Mati Parkja töödest-tegemistest jutustavas näidendis "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid", lavastaja Peeter Simm

  2. Mitmekülgne meediaärimees / Toomas Leito ; interv. Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leito, Toomas, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Kolme firma juhatuse liige, Eesti Ajalehtede Liidu tegevdirektor annab ülevaate oma karjäärist meediavaldkonnas ning jagab soovitusi alustavale ettevõtjale. Lisad: Toomas Leito; Edu võtmed. Kommenteerib äripartner Aimar Jugaste

  3. Vilistlastest kutseõpetajad Tartu kutsekoolidest / Jaan Sakson, Toomas Lepik, Margit Tennosaar, Kairi Partsioja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad metalliala kutseõpetaja Jaan Sakson, CISCO labori instruktor Toomas Lepik, veebidisaini ja e-kaubanduse kutseõpetaja Margit Tennosaar ja kelneri eriala õpilane Kairi Partsioja

  4. A packed Estonian House welcomes back Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves / Adu Raudkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudkivi, Adu

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust Toronto Eesti Majja 27. mail 2008. Juuresoleval fotol Eesti riigipea koos Ülemaailmse Eesti Kesknõukogu esimehe Avo Kittaski ja Eesti Ohvitseridekogu Kanadas esimehe Ülo Isbergiga

  5. Presidentti Toomas Hendrik Ilves arvostelee HS:n Viro-uutisointia / Kaja Kunnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kunnas, Kaja

    2011-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese väljendatud kriitikast ajalehe Helsingin Sanomat suhtes. Ajalehe Diplomaatia peatoimetaja Iivi Anna Masso ja kultuuriminister Rein Lang on samuti kritiseerinud Eesti kajastamist Soome meedias

  6. Kolm etüüdi frankofiilist presidendiga = Three moments with the francophile president / Toomas Kiho

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiho, Toomas, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Värvikaid meenutusi Prantsuse Vabariigi presidendi Jacques Chiraci ja Eesti presidendi Lennart Meri kohtumistest. Vt. samas: Käbin, Toomas. The Lennart Meri Europe Fund. Lennart Meri Euroopa Sihtasutusest

  7. Kolm viga, mida vältida / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Tallinna lauluväljakul ööl vastu 20. augustit 2008 suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg". Ilmunud ka: Postimees 21. aug. 2008, lk. 14, pealk.: Head inimesed siin lauluväljakul ja kõigis Eesti kodudes!; Maaleht 21. aug. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Oleme tugevad, kui hoiame ühte; Lõunaleht 21. aug. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Me oleme tugevad, kui hoiame ühte!; Pärnu Postimees 21. aug. 2008, lk. 15, pealk.: Eesti presidendi kõne öölaulupeol; Virumaa Teataja 21. aug. 2008, lk. 11, pealk.: Vabadus vajab hoidmist ja kaitsmist iga päev; Tartu Ekspress 21. aug. 2008, lk. 6, pealk.: Eesti vabariigi presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne öölaulupeol "Märkamisaeg"; SL Õhtuleht 22. aug. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Videvik 28. aug. 2008, lk. 1; Eesti Elu 22. aug. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi President Tallinna Lauluväljakul ööl vastu 20. augustit 2008 suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Kuulutaja 22. aug. 2008, lk. 9, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne lauluväljakul suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Hiiu Leht 22. aug. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Head inimesed siin lauluväljakul ja kõigis Eesti kodudes!; Lääne Elu 23. aug. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabadus vajab hoidmist ja kaitsmist iga päev; Vaba Eesti Sõna 21. aug. 2008, lk. 3, pealk.: President Ilvese kõne Tallinna Lauluväljakul ööl vastu 20. augustit 2008 suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Meie Kodu 27. aug. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Vabariigi President Tallinna Lauluväljakul ööl vastu 20. augustit 2008 suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 4. sept. 2008, lk. 3, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Märkamisaja üritusel; Läänekaare Postipoiss 2008, nr. 214, lk. 3, pealk.: Vabariigi President Tallinna Lauluväljakul ööl vastu 20. augustit 2008 suurkontserdil "Märkamisaeg"; Vaba Eesti Sõna 28. aug. 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: President Ilves at the Night Song Festival "Märkamisaeg" on the Tallinn Song Festival Ground

  8. Toomas Kalve : Kontakt-impressioonid = Contact-impressions / Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Laura, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    1990-ndatel hakkas fotograafia omandama täisväärtusliku kunstiliigi rolli. Kunstnikuna tegeleb Toomas Kalve mustvalge fotoga ning tema tööde puhul on oluline roll kasutataval autoritehnoloogial. Ta pildistab plaatkaameraga, mille vanimad negatiivid on aastast 1939 ja Pariisis käsitsi lihvitud objektiiv kannab aasta numbrit 1872. Näitusele jõuavad negatiividest tehtud kontaktkoopiad. Fotografeerimine on tema jaoks rituaal, tema tehika ja töömeetodid on olnud kasutusel fotograafia leiutamisest alates ja samasugune staatilisus õhkub ka tema pruunitoonilistest piltidest. Tema tööd on läbimõeldud, ülimalt komponeeritud, lavastuslikud ning mängulised, hetk ei ole tema jaoks kahanev väärtus, vaid lõpmatu konstant

  9. Täiendame teadmisi kogu elu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne teadmiste päeval 1. septembril 2007 Eesti Televisioonis. Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi kõne teadmiste päeval (lüh.); Virumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Koolipinki peaksid minema ka paljud täiskasvanud; Sakala 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Võtkem tempot maha ja mõelgem oma tegudele!; Pärnu Postimees 4. sept. 2007, lk. 19, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne 1. septembril; Põhjarannik 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Keegi pole õppimiseks liiga tark; Severnoje Poberezhje 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Teadmiste päev on meie kõigi päev; Molodjozh Estonii 3. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Kodu 12. sept. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Presidendi pöördumine 1. septembril

  10. Ando Kiviberg: igatsen rohkem kuulda ja lugeda vaba inimese väärikat mõtet / Ando Kiviberg ; intervjueerinud Margus Haav ; kommenteerinud Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviberg, Ando, 1969-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti Vabariigi 92. aastapäeva kontserdi kunstilise juhi, Eesti pärimusmuusika keskuse juhatajaga. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ja proua Evelin Ilvese arvamust kontserdi kohta vahendab presidendi avalike suhete nõunik Toomas Sildam

  11. Эмаль дороже бриллиантов / Галина Балашова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Балашова, Галина, 1943-

    2011-01-01

    Viini emaili-kunstniku Michaela Frey poolt 1951. a. asutatud ehtefirmast. Michaela partneriks sai 1972. a. Friedrich Wille, kes alates 1992. a. on ettevõtte ainuomanik. Kompaniid tuntakse 2003. aastast nime all Frey Wille. Firmas valmistatud email-ehetest

  12. Lennart Meri Eesti välispoliitikas = Lennart Meri's foreign policy legacy / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; tõlkinud Luukas Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    President Lennart Meri välispoliitilise tegevuse tulemiks on Eesti tõsiseltvõetavus läänes. Lisatud fotod: Lennart Meri ja Toomas Hendrik Ilves Europargi puude istutamisel Ärma talus 2. mail 2004; Lennart Meri ja Toomas Hendrik Ilves Washingtonis 27. septembril 1993

  13. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Look to Our Campuses for Focus and Inspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Kathleen F.

    2017-01-01

    Lawrence R. Frey and David L. Palmer describe communication activism pedagogy (CAP) as "putting meat on critical pedagogy's theoretical bones" and applying theory to real-life activist movements (Frey & Palmer 2014). Their hope is to inspire students "beyond matriculation to develop their roles as activists," and Frey and…

  14. Welcome address / Mats Estonius, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Eduardo Ibàñes, Uffe A. Baslev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Läänemere strateegia konverentsi avasõnad laususid Tallinna Ülikooli teadusprorektor Mats Estonius, Eesti Vabariigi president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ((vt. ka foto lk. 21), Hispaania Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Eduardo Ibáñes ja Taani Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Uffe A. Baslev

  15. Zbiegniew Brzezinski jäi mõtlema / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    1998-01-01

    Läänemeremaade julgeoleku- ja koostöökonverents Stockholmis, kus Toomas Alatalu tutvustas USA analüütikule Zbiegnew Brzezinskile Eesti julgeolekuprobleeme seoses vene vähemusrahvuse, Venemaa ja NATO suunalise välispoliitikaga. Autor: Koonderakond

  16. Ilves : tahate uut Nürnbergi, siis palun! / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Aleksei Venediktov, Nargiz Assadova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 11. dets. lk. 4. Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves vastas 8. detsembril 2006 Tallinnas Kuku raadio stuudios Venemaa raadiojaama Ehho Moskvõ küsimustele. Lühendatud ja toimetatud versioon. Toimetanud Rasmus Kagge

  17. Toomas Kelder : 21. 11. 1964 - 03. 11. 2004 / Arvo Pärenson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärenson, Arvo

    2005-01-01

    Disainer Toomas Kelderist ja tema loomingust. Eesti Disainerite Liidu juhatuse liige 1996-2004. Alates 1995. aastast asus peadisainerina tööle Eesti firmas "Balteco", millele kujundas ligi kakskümmend erinevate funktsioonidega vanni, mitmeid kombineeritud dušikabiine, spetsiaalseid massaažipaneele jm. 7 ill, s.h. foto disainerist

  18. Eramu Meriväljal = Private house in Merivälja / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2010-01-01

    2009. a. valminud arhitekt Toomas Tammise (Arhitektuuriagentuur/Allianss Arhitektid) projekteeritud eramust. Projekti arhitekt: Kaiko Kivi. Sisearhitektid Andres Labi, Janno Roos (Ruumilabor). Maja välisvoodriks, terrasside katteks, elukorruse seintes ja põrandas on kasutatud musta klinkertellist. Projekt: 2006-2007

  19. Estonie : l'ombre de Moscou / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Antoine Jacob

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib Tõnismäe pronkssõduri ümberpaigutamisega 2007. a. aprillis kaasnenud rahutuste ajaloolistest tagamaadest, Eesti ja Venemaa suhetest, Euroopa Liidu toetusest Eestile, Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme projektist, Eesti ja Venemaa vahelisest piirilepingust, oma noorusaastatest Ameerika Ühendriikides, võõrkeelte oskusest

  20. CIA jälg presidendi valimistel / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Presidendikandidaat Toomas Hendrik Ilves tööst raadiojaamas Vaba Euroopa, Euroopa Parlamendi komisjoni tööst CIA salavanglate võimaliku olemasolu uurimiseks, Ameerika-vastasusest maailmas. Vt. samas: Pisike valimisdebatt Ärma talu köögis; Mis on CIA?

  1. Kahtlus närtsitab Merkot / Toomas Annus ; interv. Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Toomas, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Altkäemaksukahtlustus viib Merkolt lepinguid. Küsimustele vastab Merko suuromanik Toomas Annus. Vt. samas: Haavatud Merko kutsub aktsionärid appi; Jaak Saarniit: riigihangete puhul Merkot nurka ei visata; Milles Merko Ehitust süüdistatakse?; Merkot ootab aastatepikkune vaidlus; Diagramm: Aktsia hind

  2. Küsimus ja vastus / Kalmer Hütt, Mercedes Merimaa, Igor Jallai, Toomas Takkis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kandideerite riigikokku. Miks? Vastavad: Kalmer Hütt (Häädemeeste Keskkooli matemaatikaõpetaja), Mercedes Merimaa (Audru Keskkooli arvuti- ja bioloogiaõpetaja), Igor Jallai (Valga Vene Gümnaasiumi arvutiõpetaja), Toomas Takkis (Kuressaare Gümnaasiumi direktor)

  3. Greeni jätsid preemiata Meri ja Isamaa ministrid / Argo Ideon, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Suusaliidu eismees Riigikogu spiiker Toomas Savi ja kultuuriminister Signe Kivi keeldusid maha salgamast olümpialiikumise veterani Arnold Greeni teeneid. Vt. samas A. Ideon "Spordi elutöö preemia jääb tänavu välja andmata". A. Green saab valitsuse reservfondist 200 000 krooni, mis ei ole preemia ega toetus

  4. Tavatu juhtum / Toomas Rein, Helle Gans, Leonhard Lapin ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Toomas, 1940-

    2007-01-01

    Arhitektid Toomas Rein ja Leonhard Lapin ning sisearhitekt Helle Gans meenutavad Valgevene näidiskolhoosile Rassvet projekteeritud lasteaeda, mis valmis 1987. aastal. Kompleks pälvis 1987. a. NSVL Arhitektide Liidu preemia ja üleliidulise ametiühingupreemia

  5. Pension on mesi vanaduspäevil / Toomas Lumi ; interv. Eda Post

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lumi, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    Ühispanga Rakvere kontoris töötav parim pensioni teise samba müüja Toomas Lumi ennustab, et pärast teise pensionisambaga liitumise buumi lõppu hakatakse rohkem tähelepanu pöörama kolmandale sambale

  6. Remarks by president Bush and president Ilves, June 24, 2007 / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush ja Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves annavad lühiülevaateValge Maja ovaalkabinetis peetud kõnelusest, mille põhiteemadeks olid olukord Afganistanis ja Iraagis, viisavabadus ning küberrünnakud. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  7. Avalik pöördumine seoses Kihnu rahvamajaga / Toomas Rein, Leonhard Lapin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Toomas, 1940-

    2001-01-01

    Eskiisprojektist, Arhitektuuribüroo Toomas Rein poolt 31. V 2000. a. Kihnu vallavalitsusele üle antud tehnilisest projektist (arhitektid T. Rein, L. Lapin, sisearhitekt Helle Gans), ehitaja riigihankekonkursist, ehitusfirma FKSM tööjooniste ja valmishoone erinevusest tehnilisest projektist, autoriõigusest jm

  8. Kuidas saada hakkama õpilaskoduta? / Ülle Luisk, Toomas Mitt, Aivar Part ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid: Viljandi gümnaasiumi direktor Ülle Luisk, Tõstamaa keskkooli direktor Toomas Mitt, Rakvere gümnaasiumi direktor Aivar Part, Tartu kutsehariduskeskuse direktor Andrus Kompus, Võru Kreutzwaldi gümnaasiumi direktor Katrin Martinfeld

  9. Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves esines loenguga Londoni Ülikoolis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves pidas 16. oktoobril 2008 Londoni Ülikoolis (London School of Economics and Political Science) kutsutud külalistele loengu "European security architecture - a paradigm shift", loengule järgnes vastuvõtt. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ühendkuningriigis 15.-17.10.2008

  10. Avasõnad / Mats Estonius, Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Eduardo Ibáñes, Uffe A. Baslev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Konverentsi avasõnad laususid Tallinna Ülikooli prorektor Mats Estonius, Eesti Vabariigi president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Hispaania Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Eduardo Ibáñes, Taani Kuningriigi suursaadik Eestis Uffe A. Baslev

  11. "Der Schlüssel liegt in der Hand der Russen" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Markus Bernath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib NATO missioonist Afganistanis, NATO suhetest Venemaaga, Gruusia ja Ukraina liitumisest NATOga, Euroopa Liidu idasuunalisest partnerlusest ja kritiseerib Venemaa nõudmist luua Euroopas uus julgeolekuarhitektuur

  12. Remarks by president Bush and Estonian president Ilves, november 28, 2006 / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, George W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohtumisest Tallinnas 28. novembril 2006. Riigipead keskendusid oma vestluses ühisele tegevusele demokraatia edendamiseks, olukorrale Afganistanis ja Iraagis, viisavabadusele ning olukorrale Gruusias

  13. Muusajüngrid pühitsesid Kreutzwaldi 200. sünnipäeva / Toomas Pill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pill, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    13. dets. 2003 Sydneys toimunud tähtpäevaüritusel esines Toomas Pill referaadiga "Kalevipoja" retseptsioonist, loeti ette katkendeid Kreutzwaldi ja Koidula kirjavahetusest ning deklameeriti Heidi Aedma poolt valitud katkendeid "Kalevipojast"

  14. Joint Declaration of the Presidents of the Republic of Poland and the Republic of Estonia / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Lech Kaczynski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Poola Vabariigi Presidendi Lech Kaczynski ja Eesti Vabariigi Presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ühisdeklaratsioon, milles kutsutakse Euroopa riikide valitsusi üles arutama võimalust luua rahvusvaheline komisjon kommunismi inimsusevastaste kuritegude ja inimõiguste rikkumiste uurimiseks

  15. Eesti presidendi jõuline visiit USA-sse / Toomas Roosileht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosileht, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohtumisest Ameerika Ühendriikides. Põhiteemadeks olid viisavabadus ja küberrünnakute vastase NATO küberkeskuse loomine Eestis. Autori arvates on T.H. Ilves täna G.W. Bushile isik, kelle arvamusega ta Ida-Euroopa küsimustes arvestab. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  16. President Ilves at CSIS Statesmen's Forum in Washington / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Järg 9. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 16. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 23. aug. 2007, lk. 12. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnavõtt mõttekoja Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) korraldatud foorumil Washingtonis 27. juunil 2007. Eesti riigipea kõneles "uue Euroopa" definitsioonist ning vastas küsimustele energia- ja küberjulgeoleku teemadel. Presidendi sõnavõtu juhatas sisse CSIS nõunik Zbigniew Brzezinski

  17. President of the Republic at the U. S.-Baltic Foundation Awards Dinner / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Ameerika-Balti Fondi auhindade üleandmise pidulikul õhtusöögil, 19. aprillil 2008 Washingtonis. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves pälvis Balti riikide ja Ameerika Ühendriikide suhete edendamise eest Ameerika-Balti Fondi (USBF - The United States-Baltic Foundation) autasu - Baltic Statesmanship Award'i. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 17.-23.04.2008

  18. Toomas Hendrik Ilves külastas Lääne-Virumaad / Teet Suur, Andres Pulver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suur, Teet

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves külastas 5. novembril 2008 Kirde kaitseringkonna Tapa sõjaväelinnakut, tutvus Kellavere radari tööga ja kohtus Lääne-Viru maleva kaitseliitlastega. Lõunatamas käis president Rakvere veekeskuse restoranis Mezzo. Riigipea on viimase aasta jooksul külastanud Kaitseliidu 13 malevat. Juuresoleval fotol president koos Kaitseliidu Lääne-Viru maleva pealiku kapten Lembit Kervega

  19. Valimislubadusi võib muuta ja peab muutma / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Lehte Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega 9. septembril 2008 Nõval. Riigipea räägib oma visiidist Läänemaale, kohalike omavalitsuste liitumisest, regionaalpoliitikast, Eesti julgeolekust peale Venemaa rünnakut Gruusiale, NATO valmisolekust sõjalise agressiooni puhul Euroopas, NATO baaside rajamisest Eestisse, riigieelarve prioriteetidest. Lühiülevaade intervjuust ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna 18. sept. 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: Ilves: Agression in 21st century Europe is possible

  20. Dear guests of the XXII Pärnu Film Festival = Head XXII Pärnu Filmifestivali külalised! / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi President tervitab Eesti üht vanimat kultuurifestivali, mille algatajaks oli president Lennart Meri. Vt. samas Ants Liiguse foto: The President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves visiting the famous song maker Virve Köster on Kihnu island = President Toomas Hendrik Ilves külas Virve Kösteril Kihnus

  1. Me suudame kokku leppida ühises tulevikus / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves ütleb oma avalduses, et Euroopas on kombeks lahendada erimeelsusi diplomaatide ja poliitikute kaudu, mitte tänavatel ja arvutisõjas. President kutsub üles kõiki kaasmaalasi Eesti riiki enda omaks pidama ning Venemaad tsiviliseeritult käituma. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht 3. mai 2007, lk. 3; Postimees : na russkom jazõke 3. mai 2007, lk. 11; Järva Teataja 3. mai 2007, lk. 2; Nädaline 3. mai 2007, lk. 5, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese avaldus; Sakala 3. mai 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Olgem kõigutamatud, väärikad ja sõbralikud!; Virumaa Teataja 3. mai 2007, lk. 15; Molodjozh Estonii 3. mai 2007, lk. 2; Linnaleht : Tallinn : na russkom jazõke 3. mai 2007, lk. 3 (lüh.); Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 3. mai 2007, lk. 5; Harjumaa 4. mai 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President: me suudame kokku leppida ühises tulevikus (lüh.); Kuulutaja 4. mai 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Vabariigi President: me suudame kokku leppida ühises tulevikus; Den za Dnjom 4. mai 2007, lk. 20; Narvskaja Gazeta 4. mai 2007, lk. 1-2; Delovõje Vedomosti : Ekstrennõi Võpusk 4. mai 2007, lk. 18 ; Eesti Elu 4. mai 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese avaldus 2. mail; Vaba Eesti Sõna 3. mai 2007, lk. 2; ingl. k. Vaba Eesti Sõna 10. mai 2007, lk. 12, pealk.: President Ilves: we can agree upon a common future

  2. Näitame, et meil ei ole ükskõik / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval 24. veebruaril 2007 Vanemuise teatri saalis Tartus (lüh.) Ilmunud ka: Postimees 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 16-17, pealk.: Tehkem demokraatlike valikutega riik, mis meile meeldib; SL Õhtuleht 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 10, pealk.: Valige targalt, valige nõudlikult; Postimees : na russkom jazõke 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 7; Molodjozh Estonii 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 2-3; Põhjarannik 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval; Severnoje Poberezhje 26. veebr. 2007, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja 27. veebr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President Ilvese kõne Eesti iseseisvuspäeval; Sakala 27. veebr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Ma palun, valige targalt; Järva Teataja 27. veebr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Uskudes tulevikku jääme kestma; MK-Estonija 28. veebr. 2007, lk. 10; Maaleht 1. märts 2007, lk. 5, pealk.: Tehkem riik, mis meile meeldib; Lõunaleht 1. märts 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President: ma palun, valige targalt; Eesti Elu 2. märts 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval Vanemuise teatrisaalis Tartus (väljavõtteid), ingl. k. lk. 10, pealk: Ilves on February 24; Meie Kodu 7. märts 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi President Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 8. märts 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval (Terviktekst); Vaba Eesti Sõna 1. märts 2007, lk. 3, 10; 8. märts 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: President Ilvese aastapäevakõne (Terviktekst), ingl. k. lk. 12, pealk.: "Let us cherish the beauty of Estonia"; Läänekaare Postipoiss 2007, nr. 208, lk. 8-12, pealk.: Vabariigi President Eesti Vabariigi 89. aastapäeval 24. veebruaril 2007 Vanemuise teatrisaalis Tartus

  3. USA-Balti harta 10. aastapäev / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Valdis Zatlers, Valdas Adamkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Ingl. k. ilmunud: Eesti Elu 18. jaan. 2008, lk. 11, pealk.: Joint statement of the Presidents of the Baltic States; Vaba Eesti Sõna 24. jaan. 2008, lk. 12 ja 27. märts 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: Joint statement 10th anniversary of the U.S.-Baltic Charter. 1998. aasta 16. jaanuaril Valges Majas toimunud tseremoonial allkirjastasid Ameerika Ühendriikide, Leedu, Läti ja Eesti presidendid USA-Balti partnerlusharta. Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Läti president Valdis Zatlers ja Leedu president Valdas Adamkus meenutavad oma avalduses seda dokumenti ajaloolise poliitilise teetähisena riikide suhetes

  4. Arco Vara asutaja müüs tüki firmast Toomas Toolile / Andres Eilart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eilart, Andres

    2008-01-01

    Arti Arakase ettevõte Greatway müüs 5,25% Arco Vara aktsiatest ärimees Toomas Toolile. A. Arakas on koos teiste ärimeestega asutanud uue kinnisvarafirma EfTEN Capital. Ärimees T. Toolist. Lisa: Ühiseid projekte pole seni olnud

  5. Toomkiriku Saueri orel saab korda! / Hugo Lepnurm, Toomas Mäeväli ; interv. Alo Põldmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepnurm, Hugo, 1914-1999

    1998-01-01

    Prof. Hugo Lepnurm ja orelimeister Toomas Mäeväli Toomkiriku Saueri oreli restaureerimise käigust saksa firmas Orgelwerkstatt Christian Scheffler. Oreli sisseõnnistamine 1. augustil 1998. Samas andmed oreli elukäigust. Oreli ehitas 1858. a. saksa meister Friedrich Ladegast. Eestis viimasel ajal töökorda saadud teistest orelitest.

  6. President Ilves : we can agree upon a common future : TV address, 2 May 2007 / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves ütleb oma avalduses, et Euroopas on kombeks lahendada erimeelsusi diplomaatide ja poliitikute kaudu, mitte tänavatel ja arvutisõjas. President kutsub üles kõiki kaasmaalasi Eesti riiki enda omaks pidama ning Venemaad tsiviliseeritult käituma

  7. Miljonär Toomas Tool sai süüdistuse börsi kuritarvitamises / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2009-01-01

    Ärimees Toomas Tool ja tema tehinguid vahendanud SEB börsimaakler Karoly Kirber said süüdistuse Arco Vara aktsiatega börsil manipuleerimises. Vt. samas: Eesti esimene börsimanipulatsioon jõuab kohtu ette; Diagramm

  8. Mida kujutab endast IB õppekava? / Toomas Kruusimägi, Anu Parts, Karl Hendrik Thomson ; intervjueerinud Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruusimägi, Toomas, 1962-

    2010-01-01

    Uuest rahvusvahelisest International Baccalaureate'i (IB) õppekavast ja selle rakendamisest Tallinna Inglise Kolledži 11. klassis alates möödunud aastast räägivad kooli direktor Toomas Kruusimägi, õppedirektor Anu Parts ning õpilane Karl Hendrik Thomson

  9. Gaidu Šengenu ar nepacieti-bu. Intervija ar Igaunijas prezidentu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Sanita Upleja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib Balti riikide ühise aatomielektrijaama projektist, energeetilisest sõltumatusest Venemaast, Euroopa ühisest energiapoliitikast, heatahtliku mittehoolimise poliitikast Venemaa suhtes, Schengeni leppega ühinemise tähtsusest Eesti ja Läti jaoks, võitlusest küberkuritegevusega, Eesti integratsioonipoliitikast, Eesti majanduse olukorrast, tööjõuprobleemist

  10. Bush lubas tõstatada viisavabaduse teema / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 29. nov. lk. 3,2,2. USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese vastused ajakirjanike küsimustele Eesti Panga Iseseisvussaalis toimunud pressikonverentsil 28. novembril 2006

  11. Tundeid saab testida, kuid mitte hierarhiasse seada... / Hanno Soans, Raoul Kurvitz, Toomas Mikk...[jt.] ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    3.-12. juulini Moskvas Malõi Manezhi galeriis olnud rahvusvahelisest näitusest "Meelte testimise jaam" ("Senses Test Station"). Kuraator Georgi Nikitsh. Eesti kunstiprojektist "Hüljatud lahinguväljad". Kuraator Hanno Soans, osalejad Raoul Kurvitz, Toomas Mikk, Urmo Raus, Sven Saag, Jaan Toomik. Pikemalt R. Kurvitza ja T. Miku projektist.

  12. Lapsed väärivad head teatrit, mitte haltuurapalagani / Toomas Tross, Hiie Fluss ; intervjueerinud Meeli Parijõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tross, Toomas, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinnas Vaba Lava teatrimajas toimub 28.-30. oktoobrini festival „Teater noorele vaatajale”. ASSITEJ (Association Internationale du Theatre pour l'Enfance et la Jeunesse) Eesti keskuse juhatuse esimees Toomas Tross ja juhatuse liige Hiie Fluss arutlevad lastele suunatud teatri kvaliteedi üle

  13. Teater - isiklikud või ühised asjad / Monika Läänesaar, Jaak Allik, Toomas Lõhmuste ; interv. Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänesaar, Monika

    2008-01-01

    Vestlusringis kõnelevad 2007. aasta lõpul Tel Avivis toimunud Iisraeli draamafestivalist "Isra-Drama" Monika Läänesaar, Jaak Allik ja Toomas Lõhmuste. Festival tutvustab uut Iisraeli dramaturgiat, mis on tõlgitud inglise keelde

  14. Ülehomme on õpetajate päev - milline oli teie parim õpetaja? / Toomas Edur, Tauri Tallermaa, Irene Käosaar...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Rahvusooper Estonia balleti kunstiline juht Toomas Edur, koolitaja Tauri Tallermaa, haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi osakonnajuhataja Irene Käosaar, Tartu Karlova Gümnaasiumi direktor Undel Kokk ja näitleja Andrus Vaarik

  15. President Ilvese kõne ETV otse-eetris / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves esines 27. aprillil 2007 Eesti Televisioonis ja Eesti Raadios avaldusega seoses provokatsioonidega Tallinnas ööl vastu 27. aprilli 2007. a. Ilmunud ka: SL Õhtuleht 28. apr. 2007, lk. 12, pealk.: President Ilves: riik ei saa kõhelda; Eesti Päevaleht 28. apr. 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: Kurjategijad saavad karistada; Meie Maa 28. apr. 2007, lk. 3, pealk.: President kutsub üles näitama kainet ja kalkuleerivat mõistust; Narva Postiljon 28. apr. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: President Ilves: Kutsun kõiki üles näitama kainet ja kalkuleerivat mõistust; Põhjarannik 28. apr. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: President Ilves: "Kutsun kõiki üles näitama kainet ja kalkuleerivat mõistust"; Severnoje Poberezhje 28. apr. 2007, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja 28. apr. 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: President Ilves: kutsun kõiki üles kainele mõistusele; Harjumaa 2. mai 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Kutsun kõiki üles näitama kainet ja kalkuleerivat mõistust; Meie Kodu 9. mai 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: President Ilves: Kutsun kõiki üles näitama kainet ja kalkuleerivat mõistust

  16. Ühistegevuse alus - ühised väärtused / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne soome-ugri rahvaste 5. maailmakongressil Hantõ-Mansiiskis 28. juunil 2008. Vt. ka juhtkiri lk. 2: Kuningas Toomas Hendrik I. Eesti Päevaleht suhtub kriitiliselt president T. H. Ilvese demonstratiivsesse saalist väljamarssimisse Venemaa riigiduuma väliskomisjoni esimehe Konstantin Kossatshovi sõnavõtu ajal. Lisatud karikatuur president T. H. Ilvesest ja Venemaa presidendist Dmitri Medvedevist. Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja 1. juuli 2008, lk. 11, pealk.: Ühistegevuse alus on ühised väärtused (lüh.); Meie Kodu 16. juuli 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Ilves rääkis euroopalike väärtuste, keelekaitse tähtsusest; Eesti Elu 4. juuli 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi President soome-ugri rahvaste 5. maailmakongressil Hantõ-Mansiiskis 28. juunil 2008 (lüh.); ingl. k. Vaba Eesti Sõna 24. juuli 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: European values are also useful east of the Urals

  17. Vabariigi President Tallinna Reaalkooli kõrval Vabadussõja õppur-sõduri monumendi juures / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne 13. novembril 2007 Tallinna Reaalkooli juures asuva Vabadussõja õppur-sõduri monumendi juures. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 16. nov. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Tallinnas tähistati õppur-sõduri mälestusmärgi püstitamise 80. aastapäeva (lüh.); ingl. k. ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna 29. nov. 2007, lk. 12, pealk.: "Would we be prepared to show the same commitment to our country"

  18. Vabariigi presidendi, riigikogu esimehe ja peaministri ühisavaldus 8. mail 2007 / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Ene Ergma, Andrus Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese, Riigikogu spiikri Ene Ergma ja peaminister Andrus Ansipi avaldus Teise maailmasõja lõpu 62. aastapäeva puhul. Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberežje 9. mai 2007, lk. 2; Eesti Elu 11. mai 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Riigijuhtide ühisavaldus Teise maailmasõja mälestuspäeval, ingl. k. lk. 11, pealk.: Joint statement May 8, 2007; ingl. k. Vaba Eesti Sõna 10. mai 2007, lk. 12, pealk.: Joint statement of the President, Speaker of the Parliament and Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia

  19. SEMP Integration Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-24

    Frey, Interviewing: The art of science, in N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln , (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications, 1994, pp. 361...Science 62(2): 95–103. Fontana, A. and J.H. Frey. 1994 Interviewing: The art of science. In N.K. Denzin and Y.S. Lincoln , eds. Handbook of Qualitative

  20. Kontraktstyring i den kommunale sagsbehandling

    OpenAIRE

    Malmskov, Stine; Knudsen, Louise Leelo; Krogh, Ulrik Ullits; Taaensen, Rebekka Amos

    2007-01-01

    Sagsbehandlers motivation i forhold til sagsbehandling i det kommunale. Der bruges public choice, principal-agentteori samt motiationsteori i form af Frey, Herzberg og Maslow Sagsbehandlers motivation i forhold til sagsbehandling i det kommunale. Der bruges public choice, principal-agentteori samt motiationsteori i form af Frey, Herzberg og Maslow

  1. Eestil läheb jätkuvalt hästi / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus Eesti rahvale 2007/2008. aastavahetusel Eesti Panga saalis. Ilmunud ka: Postimees 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 15, pealk.: Usalduse tugevnemise aasta; Postimees : na russkom jazõke 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 9; Eesti Päevaleht 3. jaanuar 2008, lk. 3, pealk.: Eestil läheb hästi; Maaleht 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 7, pealk.: Meie oleme õnnelik rahvas; Virumaa Teataja 3. jaanuar 2008, lk. 11, pealk.: Saame täna olla kindlamad kui kunagi varem; Pärnu Postimees 3. jaanuar 2008, lk. 15, pealk.: Armas Eesti rahvas kodus ja kaugel!; Lõunaleht 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Armas Eesti rahvas kodus ja kaugel!; Põhjarannik 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Armas Eesti rahvas kodus ja kaugel!; Severnoje Poberezhje 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 4; Meie Maa 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi aastavahetuse tervitus; Hiiu Leht 4. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi tervitus; Harjumaa 4. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Armas Eesti rahvas kodus ja kaugel!; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 10. jaan. 2008, lk. 2; Eesti Elu 4. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2007/2008. aastavahetusel (lüh.); Vaba Eesti Sõna 3. jaan. 2008, lk. 3, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2007/2008. aastavahetusel, ingl. k. lk. 12, pealk.: President of the Republic New Year Address 2008; Meie Kodu 23. jaan. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2007/2008. aastavahetusel; Eesti Rada 2008, nr. 1, lk. 3, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi tervitus 2007/2008. aastavahetusel. Väljavõte tervitusest ilmunud ka: Postimees 31. dets. 2008, lk. 9, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese tervitus aastavahetusel 2007/2008

  2. Kuidas peaks õpetaja karistama ülekäte läinud õpilast? / Aage Õunap, Toomas Palu, Aivar Haller, Maia Erm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Haridusministri hinnangul peaks koolil olema õigus korda rikkuvaid õpilasi trahvida. Oma arvamust selle kohta avaldavad Viljandimaa Lasterikaste Perede Ühenduse juht Aage Õunap, UNICEF Eesti rahvuskomitee esindaja Toomas Palu, Eesti Lastevanemate Liidu juhatuse liige Aivar Haller ja Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi õppealajuhataja Maia Erm

  3. Joint statement of the President, Speaker of the Riigikogu and Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Ene Ergma, Andrus Ansip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese, Riigikogu spiikri Ene Ergma ja peaminister Andrus Ansipi ühisavaldus Teise maailmasõja lõpu 62. aastapäeva puhul 8. mail 2007, milles kinnitatakse, et hoolimata Teise maailmasõja ajaloolistest tõlgendustest on kõik Eestis elavad inimesed vabad ning jagavad ühist tulevikku

  4. Müncheni eestlased tähistasid Eesti Vabariigi 93. sünnipäeva koos president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega / Karin Ladva-Zoller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ladva-Zoller, Karin, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Münchenis Baieri resoranis Donisl toimus 6. veebr. 2011 Eesti Vabariigi 93. aastapäevale pühendatud pidu. Peol osalesid ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja suursaadik Mart Laanemäe. President esines kõnega ja vastas Müncheni Eesti Kooli laste küsimustele

  5. XII Avatud Ühiskonna Foorumi arutlusring "Euroopa hiilgus ja viletsus - Euroopa Liit 50. Kuidas edasi?" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Mark Leonard, Ivan Krastev ; intervjueerinud Andres Kasekamp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Pärnus diskuteerisid 10. oktoobril 2007 Euroopa tuleviku teemadel president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Euroopa Välissuhete Nõukogu tegevjuht Mark Leonard ja Sofias paikneva Liberaalstrateegiate Keskuse juht Ivan Krastev. Vestluse moderaator oli Eesti Välispoliitika Instituudi direktor, Avatud Eesti Fondi nõukogu esimees Andres Kasekamp

  6. "Die Europäische Union ist ein Komplize Russlands" = "The EU Is Virtually an Accomplice of Moscow" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Jan Puhl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib Euroopa Liidu suhetest Venemaaga peale Venemaa agressiooni Gruusia vastu, venelaste olukorrast Eestis, Eesti julgeolekust, Ukraina ja Gruusia toetamise vajadusest Euroopa Liitu pääsemisel. Eesti riigipea hoiatab Euroopat liigse tolerantsuse eest Venemaa käitumise suhtes ning sõltuvuse eest Venemaa energiast. Lühiülevaade intervjuust ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna 13. nov. 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: Russian tolerance warning from Estonian president

  7. Sametrevolutsiooni läidetud tuli võlulaternas loidab tänaseni, inspireerides demokraatia nimel peetavat heitlust kogu maailmas / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    President Ilvese kõne Vaclav Havelile ning tšehhi ja slovaki rahvastele Atlandi Nõukogu Vabaduse Väljakutse auhinna (Atlantic Council Freedom's Challenge Award) tseremoonial Berliinis 8. novembril 2009. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 13. nov. 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne Atlandi Nõukogu Vabaduse Väljakutse auhinna tseremoonial Berliinis 8. novembril 2009 (lüh.)

  8. "La sécurité énergétique de l'Europe est un défi politique" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Laure Mandeville

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves räägib kohtumisest Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy'ga, NATO tippkohtumisest Bukarestis, vajadusest aidata Ukrainat ja Gruusiat demokraatia arendamisel ja NATOsse pääsemisel, ootustest Prantsusmaa suhtes Euroopa Liidu eesistujaperioodil, Euroopa Liidu energiajulgeolekust ja ühisest energiapoliitikast, Eesti ja Venemaa suhetest. Riigipea soovitab suhtlemisel Venemaaga heasoovlikku ükskõiksust. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Pariisis 6.-8.04.2008

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... NANOPARTICLES PREPARED BY CTAB SURFACTANT. F. Hoseini, M. ... The XRD results showed that Fe-doped ZnO was .... [5] Wilson J, Poddar P, Frey N, Srikanth H, Mohomed K, Harmon J, Kotha S, Wachsmuth J.

  10. Toomas Siitan, Kristel Pappel, Anu Sõõro (Hrsg.). Musikleben des 19. Jahrhunderts im nördlichen Europa = 19th-century musical life in Nothern Europe / Karsten Brüggemann ; tõlkinud Anu Schaper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Toomas Siitan, Kristel Pappel, Anu Sõõro (Hrsg.). Musikleben des 19. Jahrhunderts im nördlichen Europa = 19th-century musical life in Nothern Europe. Hildesheim/Zürich/New York : Georg Olms Verlag, 2010. (Studien und Materialien zur Musikwissenschaft ; 60)

  11. Use of Topical PC-NSAIDs to Treat Burn Injury and Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    termination of the study. At days 3, 5, 10 and 15 post-burn, the animals were again tested for sensitivity to a stimulus (von Frey hair of varying stiffness...special cages so that one hind paw was exposed to stimulations with up to eight different force von Frey hairs using the Dixon up/down method. The...in the dermal layers. Skin tissue dissected from animals in the untreated burn group shows an intermittent loss of epidermis and disrupted and

  12. Different surgical strategies for chronic pancreatitis significantly improve long-term outcome: a comparative single center study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildebrand P

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective In general, chronic pancreatitis (CP primarily requires conservative treatment. The chronic pain syndrome and complications make patients seek surgical advice, frequently after years of progression. In the past, surgical procedures involving drainage as well as resection have been employed successfully. The present study compared the different surgical strategies. Patients and Methods From March 2000 until April 2005, a total of 51 patients underwent surgical treatment for CP at the Department of surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck. Out of those 51 patients, 39 (76.5% were operated according to the Frey procedure, and in 12 cases (23.5% the Whipple procedure was performed. Patient data were documented prospectively throughout the duration of the hospital stay. The evaluation of the postoperative pain score was carried out retrospectively with a validated questionnaire. Results Average operating time was 240 minutes for the Frey group and 411 minutes for the Whipple group. The medium number of blood transfusions was 1 in the Frey group and 4.5 in the Whipple group. Overall morbidity was 21% in the Frey group and 42% in the Whipple group. 30-day mortality was zero for all patients. During the median follow-up period of 50 months, an improvement in pain score was observed in 93% of the patients of the Frey group and 67% of the patients treated according to the Whipple procedure. Conclusion The results show that both the Frey procedure as well as partial pancreaticoduodenectomy are capable of improving chronic pain symptoms in CP. As far as later endocrine and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is concerned, however, the extended drainage operation according to Frey proves to be advantageous compared to the traditional resection procedure by Whipple. Accordingly, the Frey procedure provides us with an organ-preserving surgical procedure which treats the complications of CP sufficiently, thus being an

  13. Learning to Solve Problems by Searching for Macro-Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    executing generalized robot plans. Aritificial Intelligence 3:25 1-288, 1972. [Frey 821 Frey, Alexander Ii. Jr., and David Singmaster. Handbook of Cubik...and that searching for macros may be a useful general learning paradigm. 1.1. Introduction One view of die die field of artificial intelligence is that... intelligence literature [Schofield 67, Gaschnig 79, Ericsson 761 and provides one of the simplest examples of the operation of the Macro Problem Solver. It

  14. Examination of Urinary Beta-Naphthol as a Biomarker Indicative of Jet Fuel Exposures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    government or personal vehicle and what type of fuel . Flight line time Exposure to spills ( fuel ) Exposure to skin ( fuel ) Inhalation exposure (type...AFRL-RH-WP-TR-2015-0085 EXAMINATION OF URINARY β-NAPHTHOL AS A BIOMARKER INDICATIVE OF JET FUEL EXPOSURES Jeanette S. Frey Henry M... Fuel Exposures 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER NA 5c. PROGRA7757M ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Jeanette Frey1; Trevor J. Bihl2;Asao

  15. The dipteran family Celyphidae in the New World, with discussion of and key to world genera (Insecta, Diptera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen D. Gaimari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The family Celyphidae (Diptera, Lauxanioidea is verified as part of the New World fauna, with a second specimen discovered of a species described from French Guiana in 1844 by P.J.M. Macquart. As this species possesses characteristics that clearly suggest a separate lineage from the Old World celyphids, a new genus is proposed, Atopocelyphus gen. n., with the type species, Celyphus ruficollis Macquart, in the new combination Atopocelyphus ruficollis (Macquart, comb. n. A key to world genera of Celyphidae is presented, along with discussion of generic concepts. Chamaecelyphus Frey is synonymized under Spaniocelyphus Hendel, syn. n., resulting in the following 10 new combinations: Spaniocelyphus africanus (Walker, comb. n.; S. dichrous (Bezzi, comb. n.; S. gutta (Speiser, comb. n.; S. halticinus (Frey, comb. n.; S. kalongensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. ruwenzoriensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. straeleni (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. upembaensis (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. violaceus (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n.; S. vrydaghi (Vanschuytbroek, comb. n. The subgenera of Celyphus Dalman are elevated to genus rank, as Paracelyphus Bigot, stat. rev., and Hemiglobus Frey, stat. rev., resulting in the following 17 new and revised combinations: Hemiglobus cheni (Shi, comb. n.; H. eos (Frey, comb. n.; H. lacunosus Frey, comb. rev.; H. pellucidus Frey, comb. rev.; H. planitarsalis (Shi, comb. n.; H. porosus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. pulchmaculatus (Liu & Yang, comb. n.; H. quadrimaculatus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. resplendens Frey, comb. rev.; H. rugosus (Tenorio, comb. n.; H. testaceus (Malloch, comb. n.; H. trichoporis (Shi, comb. n.; H. unicolor Frey, comb. rev.; H. violaceus Chen, comb. rev.; Paracelyphus hyacinthus Bigot, comb. rev.; P. medogis (Shi, comb. n.; P. vittalis (Shi, comb. n.

  16. Keegi ei võta meilt unistusi, kui me ise neid endalt ei võta / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeval 24. veebruaril 2008 Estonia teatris. Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 25. veebr. 2008, lk. 9; Eesti Päevaleht 25. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Ilves: ärme ajame segamini iseseisvust ja vabadust (lüh.); SL Õhtuleht 25. veebr. 2008, lk. 11, pealk.: Eesti on tugevam kui varem (lüh.) SL Õhtulehes vt. ka juhtkiri: Otsene kõne. SL Õhtulehe arvates oli presidendi kõne lihtne ja selge jutt Eesti kodanikule, heale sõbrale. SL Õhtulehes vt. ka Andres Varustini karikatuur; Pärnu Postimees 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 21, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese aastapäevakõne 24. veebruaril Estonia teatris (lüh.); Hiiu Leht 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: EV 90. aastapäeva peokõne (lüh.); Järva Teataja 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, pealk.: Soovid tuleb täita kuldkalakese abita; Virumaa Teataja 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Riigi heaolu eest peab seisma iga kodanik (lüh.); Põhjarannik 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 4, pealk.: Keskendugem jäävale! (lüh.); Severnoje Poberežje 26. veebr. 2008, lk. 4; Sakala 26. veebr. 2008, k. 2, pealk.: Mõisa köis ei lohise enam, sest mõis on oma ja köis on oma (lüh.); Maaleht 28. veebr. 2008, lk. 17, pealk.: Miski pole võimatu, kuni pole tõestatud vastupidist (lüh.); Eesti Elu 29. veebr. 2008, lk. 2, 16, pealk.: Vabariigi President Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeval 24. veebruaril 2008 Estonia teatris (lüh.); Vaba Eesti Sõna 28. veebr. 2008, lk. 3, 10, pealk.: Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeva pidulikul kontsertaktusel 24. veebruaril 2008 Estonia teatris; Vaba Eesti Sõna 13. märts 2008, lk. 12, pealk.: "We have assumed respectable responsibility in the family of nations" (lüh.); Läänekaare Postipoiss 2008, nr. 212, lk. 8-11, pealk.: Vabariigi President Eesti Vabariigi väljakuulutamise 90. aastapäeva pidulikul kontsertaktusel 24. veebruaril 2008 Estonia teatris

  17. Armastuse valem / Toomas Kuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuter, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    18. okt. Rahvusooperis Estonia esietendunud Mari Vihmandi ooperist "Armastuse valem", mis on loodud argentiina-saksa päritolu kirjaniku Esther Vilari romaani "Die Mathematik der Nina Gluckstein" ainetel

  18. Ootamatult Euroopas / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom 8. märts lk. 8. Euroopa konvendi avakoosolekust. T. H. Ilves ei informeerinud avalikkust EL-iga läbirääkimiste tegelikust seisust. Infosulg EL-i kohta valitsuse ja avalikkuse vahel on kestnud aastaid

  19. Kuulake, Rosseau! / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Postimees, 1995, 4.okt. Rets rmt.: Rousseau, Jean- Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused. Arutlus teadustest ja kunstidest / tlk.Sirje Keevallik ja Kristiina Ross. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1995

  20. Terror 2007 / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Autori hinnangul läheb USA Iraagis praeguse poliitikaga edasi, muutusi võib oodata USA ja Süüria, Liibanoni, Iraani ja Palestiina suhetes. Madridis toimunud pommiplahvatused ei tohiks katkestada rahuprotsessi Hispaanias

  1. Korpusepoistest / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Tiit Noormets, Toe Nõmm, Hanno Ojalo, Olev Raidla, Eigo Rosenthal, Tõnis Taavet, Mati Õun. Korpusepoisid. Tallinn : Eesti Akadeemiline Sõjaajaloo Selts : Sentinel, 2007. Punaarmee eesti üksustest aastatel 1940-1956.

  2. Plaadid / Toomas Puna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puna, Toomas, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Armand Van Helden "Ghettoblaster", Queens of the Stone Age "ERA Vulgaris", Tuberkuloited "Mis sa teed", Zeb "Stop the Earth, I Want to Get Off", Frankie Valentine "The World of What", Ryan Adams "Easy Tiger", Bob Sinclar "Soundz of Freedom"

  3. Lugemisnoppeid / Toomas Tiivel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Toomas, 1952-

    2012-01-01

    Tutvustus: Tarand, Andres, Strandberg, Marek. Rahvusliku julgeoleku küsimus : Andres Tarandi ja Marek Strandbergi kriitilised kõned Eesti energeetika arengu asjus. Tallinn, 2010 ; Lauerma, Hannu. Usk, lootus ja ohtlik bluff : julgustamisest vaimse terrorini. Tallinn, 2008

  4. Plaadid / Toomas Puna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puna, Toomas, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Electronic "Get the message", U2 "U2: 18 singles", Jamiroquai "High Times", Sugababes "Overloaded", Staind "1996-2006 The Singles", Crowded House "Farewelll to the world", "Rock romantika"

  5. Eksperimendid ruumis / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2014-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuriteaduskonnas tehakse erialaprojekti kõrval väga erinevaid ruumilisi harjutusi. Esitletud on valik väiksemate töötubade ja kursuste töid: Kineetilise arhitektuuri töötuba "Volditav, klapitav, rullitav, pakitav", 2014 (juhendaja Renee Puusepp); Parameetrilise disaini valikaine, 2011 (juhendaja Raul Kalvo, assistent Kristjan Männigo); Maketistuudio, 2014 (juhendaja Paco Ulman); Eksperimentaalse arhitektuuri problemaatika, 2014 (juhendajad Martin Melioranski ja Paco Ulman)

  6. Riigikoguturism / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    1996-01-01

    Eesti Riigikogu liikmete sõit Parlamentidevahelise Liidu (IPU) konverentsile Istanbulis. Ilmunud ka: Vetshernije Vesti, 22. mai 1996, lk. 5; Molodjozh Estonii, 23. mai 1996, lk. 3; Daidzhest, nr. 9 (163), 1996

  7. Kirjutamise kergus / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Postimees, 1997, 5. apr. Arvustus: Calvino, Italo. Ameerika loengud / tlk. Ülar Ploom. Tallinn : Varrak, 1996 ; Dinesen, Isak. Babette'i pidusöök / tlk. Piret Peiker. Tallinn : Varrak, 1996

  8. Akadeemia auhinnad / Toomas Kiho

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiho, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    30. jaanuaril ajakirja Akadeemia poolt antavatest 2006. aasta artikliauhinna saajatest. Tartu Ülikoolist auhinna saajad: Universalia aastalaureaat on TÜ lektor Andrus Tool; hõbetunnustuse pälvisid teadur Erkki Luuk ja doktorant Jaan Lahe universalia's; teadur Algo Rämmer humaniora's; doktorant Andreas Ventsel socialia's ja professor Ott Kurs naturalia's

  9. Uus pianistide põlvkond : seitsmes Eesti pianistide konkurss / Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikas...[jt.] ; küsitlenud Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu noorte pianistide konkursi žürii liikmete Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikase ja Leelo Kõlariga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia ning Eesti Klaveriõpetajate Ühingu korraldatud VII Eesti pianistide konkursist. Konkursi võitjaks tuli Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia üliõpilane Maksim Štšura. Auhinnalistele kohtadele tulid veel Ruslan Strogij, Margus Riimaa, Andre Hinn, Jaan Ots, Johan Randvere ja Aleksandra Kamenskaja

  10. «Quotation and Literary Echo as Structural Principles in Gabriele Wohmann's Frühherbst in Badenweiler.»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter H. Sokel

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available In her novel of 1978, Wohmann uses the montage technique—quotations, literary echoes, erudite allusions—of the «classics of modernism» to put the contemporary West German phenomenon of «New Inwardness» in an ironic light. Her protagonist, the composer Hubert Frey, retreats from the stresses of contemporary life to the Black Forest spa of Badenweiler. New Inwardness in him appears allied to New Conservatism which, in reaction to the New Left of the sixties, revives the old German ideal of the «A-Political Man.» Echoing a work of restaurative mentality, Stifter's Nachsommer , Frey's Frühherbst looks back nostalgically on Goethe's classicist phase. As Goethe put his Storm and Stress behind him, Frey analogously repudiates the turbulent youth of the sixties. He sums up his ethos of withdrawal by quoting a passage from one of Goethe's letters. He quotes inaccurately and his self-identification with Goethe rests on shaky foundations. By revealing her protagonist's erudition as faulty and confused, Wohmann unmasks his whole stance as—literally—false. Another of Frey's models, Conrad Aiken, a writer of inwardness and subjectivity, turns out to have been the wrong author for Frey's choice of Badenweiler. The American writer who had actually sojourned there turns out to have been the realist Stephen Crane. Inwardness thus proves literally incorrect and inappropriate to the protagonist's needs. The displacement of the symbolist Aiken by the realist Crane points ahead to the conclusion of the novel. Whereas a World War had been needed to dislodge Thomas Mann's Hans Castorp from his retreat, a mere mouse, invading Frey's hotel room, serves the analogous function in Wohmann's novel. Literary echo, a structural device, functions thematically as both the symptom and the cure of her protagonist's passing relapse into German inwardness.

  11. Botulinum toxin for treatment of glandular hypersecretory disorders.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Laing, T A

    2012-02-03

    SUMMARY: The use of botulinum toxin to treat disorders of the salivary glands is increasing in popularity in recent years. Recent reports of the use of botulinum toxin in glandular hypersecretion suggest overall favourable results with minimal side-effects. However, few randomised clinical trials means that data are limited with respect to candidate suitability, treatment dosages, frequency and duration of treatment. We report a selection of such cases from our own department managed with botulinum toxin and review the current data on use of the toxin to treat salivary gland disorders such as Frey\\'s syndrome, excessive salivation (sialorrhoea), focal and general hyperhidrosis, excessive lacrimation and chronic rhinitis.

  12. Estonia and Afganistan / Toomas Kahur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kahur, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Probleeme, millega Afganistan ja kogu rahvusvaheline üldsus silmitsi seisab, ei saa lahendada ainult sõjaliste vahenditega. Riigi ülesehituse õnnestumiseks on hädavajalik tsiviil- ja militaarpoole tihe koostöö. Eesti osalemisest Afganistani ülesehitustöös

  13. Sõjaromantikud said seriaali / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2006-01-01

    10-osaline sõjaseriaal "Relvavennad" ("Band of Brothers") ajalooprofessor Stephen Ambrose'i raamatu järgi : produtsendid Tom Hanks, Steven Spielberg : režissöörid Tom Hanks, David Frenkel jt. : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2001

  14. Riigi ehitamine / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Fukuyama, Francis. State Building: Governance and World Order in the Twenty-first Century. Cornell University Press, 2004. Arvustus ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 18. märts 2005 nr. 18/19, lk. 22-24

  15. Arhitektuur rahu toomas / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Identiteet ja arhitektuur [post-]konfliktsetes piirkondades" ("Peacebuilding") 30. okt.-9. nov. 2008 Casa dell' Architetturas Roomas. Üldkuraator Pippo Ciorra. Näitus keskendus Euroopa idaosa, Balkanimaade ja Lähis-Ida regioonile. Eestist oli näitusele valitud 7 objekti, autoriteks bürood Kolm Pluss Üks, KOKO Arhitektid, Kavakava, arhitektid Pekka Vapaavuori, Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Tomomi Hayashi, Veronika Valk ja Aili Vahtrapuu

  16. Kuri Maxwelli deemon / Toomas Paul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paul, Toomas, 1939-

    2005-01-01

    Lahates tänapäeva koolisüsteemi ja hariduse probleeme analüüsib autor Pierre Bordieu' poolt kasutatud nn Maxwelli deemoni mõistet. See selgitab lõhet ebavõrdse kultuurilise kapitaliga varustatud õpilaste vahel: selekteerimistoimingutega lahutatakse päritud kultuurilise kapitali valdajad nendest, kes on sellest ilma jäänud

  17. Laenumiljonid tuulte meelevallas / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik 4. märts lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 4. märts, lk. 2. Ülevaade Riigikontrolli auditist Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse tegevuse kohta. Kommenteerivad Ester Tuiksoo ja Raul Rosenberg

  18. Kammermuusikat kahelt mandrilt / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    12. mail New Yorgis Weill Recital Hallis toimunud keelpillikvarteti Pro Arte 12 kontserdist ja 22. mail sarjas "Meistrite akadeemia" Tallinnas Vene kultuurikeskuse väikese saalis toimunud Uus Tallinna Trio kontserdist

  19. Teie kord, Iisrael! / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Hiljutiste presidendivalimiste õnnestumine Palestiinas nõuab autori sõnul ka Iisraeli valmisolekut olukorra normaliseerimiseks piirkonnas. Kahest protsessist Lähis-Idas - nn. rahu maa eest (land for peace, 1993-2001) ja teekaart (road map, 2003)

  20. Demokraatia ja õigus / Toomas Varrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varrak, Toomas, 1940-

    2009-01-01

    Autor analüüsib demokraatia teoreetilistele seisukohtadele tuginedes Eesti poliitikat ja riigikorraldust taasiseseisvumise järgsel perioodil, sh. 2007. aasta pronkssõduri teisaldamist ja sellega seotud rahutusi

  1. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Expanding CAP's Interventionist Model and Developing Proper Learning Rubrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Gandio, Jason

    2017-01-01

    For Frey and Palmer (2014), communication activism pedagogy (CAP) "teaches students how to use their communication knowledge and resources (e.g., theories, research methods, pedagogies, and other practices) to work with community members to intervene into and reconstruct unjust discourses in more just ways." The author of this response…

  2. A four-element based transposon system for allele specific tagging ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The four-element based construct would include both Ds and dSpm along with relevant marker genes and .... subsequent generations after transposition has taken place so as to ..... Cardon G H, Frey M, Seadler H and Gierl A 1993 Definition.

  3. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brody, S.; Fischer, A.H.; Hess, U.

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results

  4. Дополнения и уточнения к фауне чешуекрылых (Lepidoptera) Тульской области. 1 = Additions and corrections to the fauna of Lepidoptera of the Tula Province. 1

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolshakov, L.V.; Nieukerken, van E.J.; Piskunov, V.I.; Lovtsova, Yu.A.

    2008-01-01

    Additions and corrections to the lists of Lepidoptera of Tula Province are given, which contain 40 species, 36 of which species are listed for the province for the first time, 9 species (Stigmella naturnella (Klimesch, 1936), Stigmella tiliae (Frey, 1856), Stigmella microtheriella (Stainton, 1854),

  5. Order Effects in Children's Gender-Constancy Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegal, Michael; Robinson, Judith

    1987-01-01

    Study examines the Slaby and Frey (1975) gender-constancy interview, which has been widely used in tests of the cognitive-developmental account. Sixty children, aged between 42 and 54 months, were given the interview either in the traditional order or in a reversed order. Order effects were found. Methodological issues are discussed. (Author/BN)

  6. Genetics Home Reference: McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Castiglioni C, Oechsner M, Goebel HH, Heppner FL, Jung HH. McLeod myopathy revisited: more neurogenic and less ... 130(Pt 12):3285-96. Citation on PubMed Jung HH, Danek A, Frey BM. McLeod syndrome: a ...

  7. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) collaborative update of CANMAT guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder : update 2013

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yatham, Lakshmi N.; Kennedy, Sidney H.; Parikh, Sagar V.; Schaffer, Ayal; Beaulieu, Serge; Alda, Martin; O'Donovan, Claire; MacQueen, Glenda; McIntyre, Roger S.; Sharma, Verinder; Ravindran, Arun; Young, L. Trevor; Milev, Roumen; Bond, David J.; Frey, Benicio N.; Goldstein, Benjamin I.; Lafer, Beny; Birmaher, Boris; Ha, Kyooseob; Nolen, Willem A.; Berk, Michael

    Yatham LN, Kennedy SH, Parikh SV, Schaffer A, Beaulieu S, Alda M, ODonovan C, MacQueen G, McIntyre RS, Sharma V, Ravindran A, Young LT, Milev R, Bond DJ, Frey BN, Goldstein BI, Lafer B, Birmaher B, Ha K, Nolen WA, Berk M. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International

  8. Die kwalitatiewe onderhoud as data-insamelingstegniek: sterk en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    privaat

    In aansluiting by Kruger aanvaar Taylor en Bogdan. (1984) dat die kwalitatiewe ... as expressed in their own words (Taylor & Bogdan,. 1984:77). ... 1985:45; Hunt & Eadie, 1987:10; Fontana & Frey,. 1994:361). Selfs in ..... TAYLOR, SJ & BOGDAN, R. 1984. Introduction to ... In Walker, R. Applied qualitative research. Vermont.

  9. Resource description framework triples entity formations using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We evaluate our approach on collection of queries from the Islamic Research Foundation website with a total, 82 queries and compare the performance against previous method used in FREyA. The result shown the proposed method improved 17.07% on the accuracy of the natural language formulation analysis, which

  10. Bed-Load Dispersion: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Devel- opment, and Technology (RD&T) Portfolio. At the time of this study, Jef- frey A. McKee, Chief, Navigation Branch, HQ was the HQUSACE Navigation...of conservative constituents, such as dye clouds . The unique as- pect of AdH is its ability to ‘adapt’ the model domain mesh in certain loca- tions or

  11. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. A Call for an Ethic of Transformation in Communication Activism Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artz, Lee

    2017-01-01

    Lawrence Frey and David Palmer present a provocative call for communication education and research that is urgent and opportune in this forum's stimulus essay, "Communication Activism Pedagogy and Research: Communication Education Scholarship to Promote Social Justice." The call is urgent because the global human condition--including…

  12. Forum: Communication Activism Pedagogy. Beyond the Charity-Service Paradigm: Building Ethical Platforms for Social Justice Education with Those Most Affected

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badger, L. N.

    2017-01-01

    In this forum response essay, the author proposes that the largest challenge "and" benefit of Communication Activism Pedagogy (CAP) is bound up in a small but significant word in Frey and Palmer's (2014) definition of Communication Activism Pedagogy: "with." Working "with oppressed community members" challenges the…

  13. Frey′s Syndrome as a Sequela of Superficial Parotidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Kumar Bali

    2006-01-01

    The disorder is characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of facial skin in the area of parotid gland occurring during meals. We present a case of a patient who developed symptoms of Frey Syndrome 4 months after undergoing superficial parotidectomy on left side.

  14. Engineering Design Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammi, Matthew; Becker, Kurt

    2013-01-01

    Engineering design thinking is "a complex cognitive process" including divergence-convergence, a systems perspective, ambiguity, and collaboration (Dym, Agogino, Eris, Frey, & Leifer, 2005, p. 104). Design is often complex, involving multiple levels of interacting components within a system that may be nested within or connected to other systems.…

  15. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 551 - 600 of 629 ... Vol 23, No 2 (2003):, The relevance of the Dead Sea scrolls for New Testament interpretation; with a bibliographical appendix: research, Abstract. J Frey. Supplementum 15, The resurrection as ... Vol 35, No 2 (2015), Together towards new life for missiology? Mission and missiology in the light of the ...

  16. Über asiatische Coenochilus (Coleoptera, Cetoniidae), mit einer Bestimmungstabelle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schein, H.

    1953-01-01

    Eine Bestimmungssendung des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes veranlasste mich, die Systematik der asiatischen Coenochilus zu studieren. Die Museen Leiden, Berlin und München und die Herren Frey, Haberäcker, Klapperich und van Nidek stellten mir ihr Material zur Verfügung; Herr Reichert des

  17. Beyond External Control: Internalization of Prosocial Values as Important in Preventing Bullying at School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Guy; Bibi, Uri

    2009-01-01

    Bullying in school is a social problem where peers repeatedly and systematically use power to dominate and harm others physically, socially, or emotionally (Frey et al., 2005; Olweus, 1993). A growing body of research has demonstrated that bullying leads to problematic outcomes for both bullies and their victims (Carney, 2000; Olweus, 1994).…

  18. Using GRIDVIEW to Better Understand the Early Bombardment History of the Moon, Mars and Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Herbert

    2012-01-01

    For more than a decade we have used GRIDVIEW to help analyze topographic and related data for Mars and more recently for the Moon. Our focus has been to employ the stretching, contouring, profiling, circle-fitting and other capabilities of GRIDVIEW to search for Quasi-Circular Depressions (CTAs) in MOLA, LOLA and other topographic data, and for Circular Thin Areas (CTAs) in Mars and Moon model crustal thickness data. Both QCDs and CTAs likely represent buried or obscured impact craters not readily visible in image data. We found clear evidence for a much larger population of buried impact craters in the northern lowlands of Mars (Frey et al. 2002), suggesting that part of the Red Planet is not significantly younger than the southern highlands. Edgar and Frey (2008) found that the N(300) crater retention ages of both areas were essentially identical, a conclusion confirmed by Wyatt (unpublished data) using more recent crustal thickness data for Mars. MOLA topographic data and MOLA-derived crustal thickness data were used to both identify a large number of previously unrecognized very large impact basins (D> 1000 km) on Mars and to determine relative crater retention ages for them (Frey, 2008). The distribution of N(300) CRAs suggested most formed in a relatively short interval of time. This dating also suggested the main magnetic field of Mars disappeared during this period (Lillis et al., 2008), because only the youngest basins systematically lack a remagnetized signature. Similar QCD and CTA analysis of first Clementine (Frey, 2011) and more recently LOLA topographic and LOLA-derived crustal thickness data for the Moon (Frey et al., 2011) revealed a significantly larger population of impact basins > 300 km in diameter than previously known. N(50) CRAs suggest a two-peak distribution of ages (Frey, 2012). An improved counting process confirms the two peaks, perhaps indicating both a pre-Nectaris Early Heavy Bombardment (EHB) as well as a Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB

  19. Sex Differences in Mechanical Allodynia: How Can it be Preclinically Quantified and Analysed?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren eNicotra

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Translating promising preclinical drug discoveries to successful clinical trials remains a significant hurdle in pain research. Although animal models have significantly contributed to understanding chronic pain pathophysiology, the majority of research has focused on male rodents using testing procedures that produce sex difference data that do not align well with comparable clinical experiences. Additionally, the use of animal pain models presents ongoing ethical challenges demanding continuing refinement of preclinical methods. To this end, this study sought to test a quantitative allodynia assessment technique and associated statistical analysis in a modified graded nerve injury pain model with the aim to further examine sex differences in allodynia. Graded allodynia was established in male and female Sprague Dawley rats by altering the number of sutures placed around the sciatic nerve and quantified by the von Frey test. Linear mixed effects modelling regressed response on each fixed effect (sex, oestrus cycle, pain treatment. On comparison with other common von Frey assessment techniques, utilizing lower threshold filaments than those ordinarily tested, at 1 second intervals, ¬¬appropriately and successfully investigated female mechanical allodynia, revealing significant sex and estrus cycle difference across the graded allodynia that other common behavioral methods were unable to detect. Utilising this different von Frey approach and graded allodynia model, a single suture inflicting less allodynia was sufficient to demonstrate exaggerated female mechanical allodynia (N1S3, t = 3.4; N3S1, t = 7.7 throughout the phases of dioestrus (t = 3.3 and pro-oestrus (t = 3.5. Refining the von Frey testing method, statistical analysis technique and the use of a graded model of chronic pain, allowed for examination of the influences on female mechanical nociception that other von Frey methods cannot provide.

  20. Short and long-term post-operative outcomes of duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection for chronic pancreatitis affecting the head of pancreas: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jawad, Zaynab A R; Tsim, Nicole; Pai, Madhava; Bansi, Dev; Westaby, David; Vlavianos, Panagiotis; Jiao, Long R

    2016-02-01

    To evaluate the short and long term outcomes of duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) procedures in the treatment of painful chronic pancreatitis. A systematic literature search was performed to identify all comparative studies evaluating long and short term postoperative outcomes (pain relief, morbidity and mortality, pancreatic exocrine and endocrine function). Five published studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria including 1 randomized controlled trial comparing the Beger and Frey procedure. In total, 323 patients underwent surgical procedures for chronic pancreatitis, including Beger (n = 138) and Frey (n = 99), minimal Frey (n = 32), modified Frey (n = 25) and Berne's modification (n = 29). Two studies comparing the Beger and Frey procedure were entered into a meta-analysis and showed no difference in post-operative pain (RD = -0.06; CI -0.21 to 0.09), mortality (RD = 0.01; CI -0.03 to 0.05), morbidity (RD = 0.12; CI -0.00 to 0.24), exocrine insufficiency (RD = 0.04; CI -0.10 to 0.18) and endocrine insufficiency (RD = -0.14 CI -0.28 to 0.01). All procedures are equally effective for the management of pain for chronic pancreatitis. The choice of procedure should be determined by other factors including the presence of secondary complications of pancreatitis and intra-operative findings. Registration number CRD42015019275. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, 2009. Copyright © 2015 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Balti peaministrid unistavad kiirrongist / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Baltimaade peaministrite Algirdas Brazauskase, Einars Repshe ja Siim Kallase kohtumisest Kalvi mõisas. Arutlusest Helsingi-Berliini raudteeliini üle. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Leedu peaministri Algirdas Brazauskasega: Brazauskas: Ignalina tulevik on kaalukausil

  2. Teel Euroopa Raamatukogu poole / Toomas Schvak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schvak, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Projektist TEL-ME-MOR, eesmärgist luua üleeuroopaline raamatukoguteenus, mis võimaldaks ühist juurdepääsu Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide rahvusraamatukogude elektronkataloogidele jm. andmekogudele

  3. Quod licet Iovi... / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Fukuyama, Francis. America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy. New Haven ; London : Yale University Press, 2006. Ameerika Ühendriikide neokonservatiivse välispoliitika analüüs, uuskonservatismi sünd ja selle vaimsed allikad; ennetava sõja kontseptsiooni mõju väikeste riikide julgeolekule. Ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 12. mai 2006 nr. 6 (33), lk. 2-4.

  4. Quod licet Iovi... / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Fukuyama, Francis. America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy. New Haven ; London : Yale University Press, 2006. Ameerika Ühendriikide neokonservatiivse välispoliitika analüüs, uuskonservatismi sünd ja selle vaimsed allikad; ennetava sõja kontseptsiooni mõju väikeste riikide julgeolekule

  5. Comment on a performance / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    Esimesest performance'ist Eestis 1965. a., osalesid Eesti Riikliku Kunstiinstituudi ja Tallinna Konservatooriumi üliõpilased. Performance'ist Tõraveres 1966. a. Pikemalt 1968. a. toimunud performance'ist "Cremona Dance" Tallinnas. Kasutati nimetusi "absurdi teater" või "instrumentaalne teater"

  6. Rousseau kolm korda kaks surmapattu / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1995-01-01

    Järg: 27. okt., lk. B2. Rets. rmt.: Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused ; Arutlus teadustest ja kunstidest / tlk. Sirje Keevallik ja Kristiina Ross. Tln.: Perioodika, 1995. (Europeia).

  7. Afganistan - eestlaste kaugeim rindejoon / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Eestlased alustasid 2002. aastal Afganistanis teenistust terrorismi vastu päästeameti pommirühmaga, praeguseks ollakse Suurbritannia juhtimisel Helmandi provintsis. Vt. samas: Vastuoluline ja ohtlik missioon Iraagis

  8. Omavalitsused ootavad eelarvest abi / Toomas Varek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varek, Toomas, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Valgamaalane, 2.okt. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 27. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Vali Uudised, 28. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 28. sept 2007, lk. 2; Harju Ekspress, 28. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Koit, 29. sept. 2007, lk. 6; Vooremaa, 29. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Lõunaleht, 4. okt. 2007, lk. 2. Riigieelarve kontrolli komisjoni esimehe hinnangul pole koalitsioonilepingus kohaliku omavalitsuse tulubaasi süsteemselt käsitletud ning valitsuse positsioon ja eelarveläbirääkimiste senine käik ei anna lootust kiireteks lahendusteks

  9. Kontrastide aed / Toomas Türk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Türk, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    The Daily Telegraphi "Vale aed" (idee ja tehniliste lahenduste autor James Dyson, aiakujundaja Jim Honey) 2003. a. Chelsea lillenäitusel. Aias olid purpursed või sinakad taimed, klaasist pingid, klaasanumates ülesmäge voolav vesi. 5 ill

  10. Birgitta festival valge tiiva all / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    19. augustil Pirita kloostris Birgitta festivali raames toimunud kontserdist "Tchaikovsky.Ballet@Classics.Jazz", kus osalesid Novaja Opera orkester, Imperial Ballet, Estonian Dream Big Band ja eesti jazztantsijad

  11. Mitte ainult akadeemilisest kammermuusikast / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Interpreetide Liidu üldkoosolekust 25. IV ja kolmest kontserdist: Tubina ühingu muusikaõhtu Estonia Valges saalis (3. V), Estonia kammerkontsert talveaias (7. V) ja "Akadeemiline kammermuusika" Kadrioru lossis (8. V)

  12. Miks rahvas ajakirjandust ei usalda? / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2001-01-01

    Järgneb: Kesknädal, 6. sept. 2001, lk. 8; 12. sept. 2001, lk. 8; 19. sept. 2001, lk. 8; 26. sept. 2001, lk. 8; 3. okt. 2001, lk. 8; 10. okt. 2001, lk. 8. Väliskapitali omandis ja kolmikliidu teenistuses meedia mures tuleviku pärast

  13. The Challenge in Europe / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti presidendi nõuanded USA presidendiks valitud Barack Obamale. Eesti riigipea kutsub Ameerika Ühendriike üles kaitsma liberaalse demokraatia väärtusi ning rõhutab USA ja Euroopa koostöö tähtsust Venemaa ohjeldamisel

  14. Keskerakond nurjas tunnustuse okupatsioonimuuseumi rajajale / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Keskerakond oli Tallinna linnavolikogus vastu Res Publica ettepanekule anda Tallinna teenetemärk väliseestlasele Olga Kistler-Ritsole, kes on annetanud 35 miljonit krooni okupatsioonide muuseumi rajamiseks

  15. Euroopa hea konstitutsioon tugevdab europarlamenti / Toomas Savi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savi, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vali Uudised, 27. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 27. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 6; Sakala, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 4. sept. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 7. sept. 2004, lk. 15; Meie Maa, 28. sept. 2004, lk. 2. EL-i konstitutsiooni tähtsusest Euroopa ühtsusele

  16. Rohkem raha sotsiaalpoliitikasse / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Sakala, 30. märts 2004, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja, 30. märts 2004, lk. 7; Meie Maa, 30. märts 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 30. märts 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 30, märts 2004, lk. 6; Hiiumaa, 27. märts 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 30. märts 2004, lk. 2; Estonija, 1. apr. 2004, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 1. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 1. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 1. apr. 2004, lk. 4; Vali Uudised, 2. apr. 2004, lk. 2; Türi Rahvaleht, 9. apr. 2004, lk. 4; Harjumaa, 11. mai 2004, lk. 6. Euroopa ühtse sotsiaalpoliitika rakendamisest nii Eestis kui ka kõigis liikmesriikides

  17. Eesti otsustajana Euroopa Liidus / Toomas Savi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savi, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 10. märts 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 9. märts 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 10. märts 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 11. märts 2004, lk. 4; Pärnu Postimees, 12. märts 2004, lk. 15; Vali Uudised, 12. märts 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 12. märts 2004, lk. 2; Narvskaja Nedelja, 13. märts 2004, lk. 4; Koit, 16. märts 2004, lk. 6; Valgamaalane, 18. märts 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 23. märts 2004, lk. 2. Eesti võimalustest, õigustest ja kohustustest Euroopa Liidus

  18. ISO sertifikaat aitab otsustada / Toomas Udu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Udu, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i logistika 25. mai lk. 8. Teenuse kvaliteedi näitajad logistikafirmas ISO standardi alusel. Vt. samas: Eestis kasutatakse kolme kvaliteedistandardit; Kuidas mõjutada kvaliteeti läbi juhtimissüsteemi

  19. EHTE pakub rahvusvahelisi hotellikursusi / Toomas Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Toomas

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Hotelli- ja Turismikõrgkool (EHTE) sõlmis USA Hotellide ja Majutusettevõtete Liidu Instituudiga (American Hotel & Lodging Educational Institute ehk AH & LA EI) koostöölepingu Global Academic Program, mis võimaldab EHTE-l kasutada ja müüa AH & LA EI koolituskursusi

  20. Arvamus Ruhnu liiklusest ja tegelikkus / Toomas Kasemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kasemaa, Toomas, 1968-

    2009-01-01

    Saare maavanema sõnul on Ruhnul turismi arenguks vajalikud samad reeglid, mis kehtivad ülejäänud Eestis, Euroopas ja maailmas. Turismi arendamiseks peab tegema turundust sihtrühmade juures, tagama koos reisikorraldajatega saare majutuskohtade ja teenuste müügi

  1. Kas Iisrael saab oma tahtmise? / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2006-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on Lähis-Ida sündmused hakanud tormiliselt arenema, mille võtmesündmuseks on Palestiina peaministri ja Hamasi ühe liidri Ismail Haniyehi tagasipöördumine oma esimeselt välisreisilt Iraani, Pärsia lahe riikidesse ja Sudaani

  2. Tuumajaama rajamiseks pooled seadused olemas / Toomas Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Toomas, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti on ühinenud mitme tuumateemat puudutava rahvusvahelise konventsiooniga, kuid seadusandlik baas vajab olulist täiendamist. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Järvamaa, Jõgevamaa, Tartumaa, Põlvamaa, Võrumaa, Valgamaa ja Viljandimaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Rapla- ja Harjumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5

  3. Kolmikpunkt - ainulaadne koht Eestis / Toomas Pindis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pindis, Toomas

    2008-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Venemaa piiride kokkupuutepunktist Kagu piirivalvepiirkonna Luhamaa piirivalvekordoni vastutusalal. Vt. samas: Riin Kiik. Värska kordonis valvatakse piiri ja arheoloogiamälestist; Lauri Hein. Schengeni välispiiril juhtub nii mõndagi...

  4. Kaks olematut filmi olemisest / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1998-01-01

    Mängufilmid II Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil : "Must kass, valge kass" ("Crna mack, beli macor"), režissöör Emir Kusturica : Jugoslaavia - Prantsusmaa 1998 ja "Idioodid" ("Idioterne"), režissöör Lars von Trier : Taani - Prantsusmaa 1998

  5. Kuus punkti kinost ja kultuurist / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1999-01-01

    Reageering ja vastulause Kalle Käsperi artiklile 3. sept. Sirbis, mis arvustas mängufilmi "Lollide pidusöök" ("Le diner de cons") : Stsenarist ja režissöör Francis Veber : Prantsusmaa 1998, näidates üles lugupidamatust T. Raudami seisukohtadega sama filmi kohta 18. aug. Postimehes

  6. Putin ja Bush pakuvad peaministreid / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini otsusest enne presidendivalimisi tagandada valitsus. USA presidendi George W. Bushi probleemist Haiti presidendi ja peaministri ametikohaga seoses riigis valitseva kriisiga

  7. Rasputin, Dvaputin, Triputin! / Toomas Kümmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Venemaa presidendist Vladimir Putinist, sisepoliitikast ja parteist "Ühtne Venemaa". President Putini aja ideoloogia on autori hinnangul andnud inimestele selgelt mõista, et Venemaad ümbritsevad vaenlased, kellega võitlemiseks vajab riik tugevat juhti

  8. SESK ja SEKK / Toomas Pill ; T. Pill

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pill, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    3. mail toimunud koosolekul tegi Heidi Aedma ettepaneku korraldada Sydney Eesti Seenioride Koondise kokkutulekud laupäeviti ja soovituse asendada endine nimi teisiti - Sydney Eesti Kultuuriklubi (SEKK)

  9. Külm rahu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Bugajski, Janusz. Cold Peace: Russia's New Imperialism. Westport (Conn.) : Praeger ; Washington (D.C.) : Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004. Tegemist pole kaugeleulatuva analüüsiga, vaid pigem loeteluga Venemaa välispoliitika meetoditest "lähivälismaal" ning sellealastest suundumustest peale külma sõja lõppu. Arvustus ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 6. mai 2005 nr. 20, lk. 22-23

  10. Hüdroenergia pole roheline / Toomas Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Toomas, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjonile sisevete kalanduse osas nõu andev organ EIFAC soovitas 2006. aastal väikesemahulist hüdroenergia tootmist mitte käsitleda rohelise energiana, samasse kategooriasse kuuluvad kõik Eesti hüdroelektrijaamad

  11. "Spicy ice" ja klaveri talveuniversiteet / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    25. veebruaril Pärnu kontserdimajas toimunud talveunversiteedi galakontserdist, kus esinesid pianistid Liidia Ilves (Eesti), Cäcilia Maria Weber (Austria) ja Nena Kozjek (Sloveenia) ja Pärnu Linnaorkester Leonid Grini dirigeerimisel

  12. Külm rahu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Janusz Bugajski raamat "Cold peace: Russia's New Imperialism" ei ole kaugeleulatuv analüüs, vaid Venemaa "lähivälismaa" välispoliitika meetodite ning külma sõja järgse aja sellealaste suundumuste loetelu. Venemaa mõju saavutamise meetmed. Autori sõnul peaks Eesti osana Läänest ka vastavalt käituma

  13. Rahvaste õigused - ideaalid ja tegelikkus / Toomas Trapido

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trapido, Toomas, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    21. aug. 2004 Tallinnas toimunud Esindamata Rahvaste Organisatsiooni, Justiitministeeriumi, Sisekaitseakadeeemia ja Rahvaste Õiguste Instituudi poolt korraldatud konverentsist. Artikkel koosneb konverentsil esitatud tsitaatidest, sõnavõtjad: Andres Herkel, Tiit Matsulevitsh, Marino Busdachin. Linnart Mäll, Chen Hsi-chung, Peeter Järvelaid, Ken-Marti Vaher, Bata Bayartuev, Vladimir Bagai-Ool. Lisa: Esindamata Rahvaste Organisatsioon : lühiülevaade

  14. Vestlus = Conversation / Toomas Paaver ; intervjueerinud Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paaver, Toomas, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Kõige tarvilikumad ja võimalikumad viisid väikelinnade ruumiga tegelemiseks. Ühistranspordi ühendusi tuleks käsitleda üleriigilise avaliku ruumi olulise osana. Linnaäärtega tegelemisest, kvaliteetsete linnaservade loomisest. Planeerimise kvaliteedist, kultuursusest, loomingulisusest ja seadusandlusest

  15. Let Obama be Obama! / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    USA politoloogi ja julgeolekueksperdi Zbigniew Brzezinski artiklist "Lootusest julguseni" ajakirjas Foreign Affairs, milles autor lahkab president Barack Obama välispoliitikat. USA Lähis-Ida poliitikast ja USA- Iisraeli suhetest

  16. "Not Just for the Money?" How Financial Incentives Affect the Number of Publications at Danish Research Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lotte Bøgh; Pallesen, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    . We investigate how the introduction of financial incentives to publish affects the number of publications at 162 Danish research institutions (17 government research institutions and subunits of 10 universities) when the perception of the incentives is taken into account. The results show......Do public employees work "for the money?" Do financial incentives determine their work effort? The literature gives conflicting answers, but Frey (1997) offers a possible explanation: If financial incentives are perceived as supportive, they can "crowd in" intrinsic motivation and increase the work...... effort. But if financial incentives are perceived as controlling, the intrinsic motivation is "crowded out," and the work effort decreases with increasing financial incentives to work. However, the empirical evidence concerning Frey's proposition is limited, and our article aims to fill part of this gap...

  17. Central representation of muscle pain and mechanical hyperesthesia in the orofacial region: a positron emission tomography study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kupers, Rron; Svensson, Peter; Jensen, Troels Staehlin

    2004-01-01

    Functional neuroimaging studies of the human brain have revealed a network of brain regions involved in the processing of nociceptive information. However, little is known of the cerebral processing of pain originating from muscles. The aim of this study was to investigate the cerebral activation...... pattern evoked by experimental jaw-muscle pain and its interference by simultaneous mechanical stimuli, which has been shown to evoke hyperesthesia. Ten healthy subjects participated in a PET study and jaw-muscle pain was induced by bolus injections of 5% hypertonic saline into the right masseter muscle....... Repeated von Frey hair stimulation (0.5 Hz) of the skin above the masseter muscle was used as the mechanical stimulus. Hypertonic saline injections caused strong muscle pain spreading to adjacent areas. von Frey stimulation was rated as non-painful but produced hyperesthesia during jaw-muscle pain. Jaw...

  18. Gender differences in pain and secondary hyperalgesia after heat/capsaicin sensitization in healthy volunteers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Magnus Thorsten; Petersen, Karin Lottrup

    2006-01-01

    differences in development of secondary hyperalgesia. Cutaneous hyperalgesia was induced with the heat/capsaicin sensitization model. Outcome measures were areas of secondary hyperalgesia to brush and von Frey hair stimulation after heat and capsaicin sensitization, rating of pain during heat....../capsaicin sensitization, and heat pain detection thresholds. There was a trend toward smaller areas of secondary hyperalgesia in women. After adjusting for estimated gender differences in forearm surface area, areas to brush but not von Frey hair stimulation after capsaicin sensitization were larger in women. Peak pain......, but not total pain, during prolonged noxious thermal stimulation was higher in women. There was no gender difference in pain ratings during capsaicin sensitization or in heat pain detection thresholds. The results provided only limited support to the hypothesis that gender differences in clinical pain syndromes...

  19. Hyperalgesia and temporal summation of pain after heat injury in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, J L; Andersen, O K; Arendt-Nielsen, L

    1998-01-01

    of pain in normal skin with summation of pain in skin with primary and secondary hyperalgesia evoked by a heat injury. A heat injury was produced on the crus of 12 volunteers with a 50 x 25 mm thermode (47 degrees C, 7 min). Measurements were made before, and 0, 1, 2, and 4 h after the heat injury......, in three areas: primary and secondary mechanical hyperalgesia induced by the heat injury, and in a mirror image of the injury on the opposite leg. Temporal summation of pain was induced by repeated electrical stimuli (five stimuli at 2 Hz) and assessed by visual analog scale (VAS). Primary hyperalgesia...... was evaluated by von Frey hairs and electrical stimuli, and the areas of secondary hyperalgesia with a rigid von Frey hair (314 mN). Significant primary (P heat injury. The pain threshold to single electrical stimuli was reduced...

  20. "Not Just for the Money?" How Financial Incentives Affect the Number of Publications at Danish Research Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lotte Bøgh; Pallesen, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Do public employees work "for the money?" Do financial incentives determine their work effort? The literature gives conflicting answers, but Frey (1997) offers a possible explanation: If financial incentives are perceived as supportive, they can "crowd in" intrinsic motivation and increase the work...... effort. But if financial incentives are perceived as controlling, the intrinsic motivation is "crowded out," and the work effort decreases with increasing financial incentives to work. However, the empirical evidence concerning Frey's proposition is limited, and our article aims to fill part of this gap....... We investigate how the introduction of financial incentives to publish affects the number of publications at 162 Danish research institutions (17 government research institutions and subunits of 10 universities) when the perception of the incentives is taken into account. The results show...

  1. An Approach for Identifying and Characterising Problems in the Iterative Development of C3l Capability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-11-01

    OverviewNo. 23/1998, Australian Department of Defence. Denzin , N. K. and Y. S. Lincoln , Eds. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. SAGE...Frey (1994). Interviewing: The Art of Science. In Handbook of Qualitative Research. (N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln . Eds.), pp. 377-392, SAGE...general. Yin’s book (1994) on case studies is worth reading, and Denzin (1994) provides a more detailed collection of papers on specific techniques, such

  2. Women's finger sensitivity correlates with partnered sexual behavior but not solitary masturbation frequencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brody, Stuart; Fischer, Agneta H; Hess, Ursula

    2008-01-01

    In a sample of 97 healthy Dutch female university students, women with greater finger tactile sensitivity (von Frey-type filaments) engaged more in partnered (but not solitary masturbation) sexual behavior. Orgasmic responses in the past 30 days were not correlated with finger sensitivity. Results are discussed in terms of differences between different sexual behaviors, as well as susceptibility to reinforcement, and psychoanalytic views of conversion hysteria.

  3. Pragmaatika kui hea kunsti garant / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli diplomitöödest: Martti Poomi (S'Poom "Na'Miin") ja Asko Kikkuli (Iconcrash "My Sky") muusikavideotest, Kaisa Eiche teoreetilisest uurimusest "Kultuuritehase vajalikkus ja teostatavus Tartus", Carl-Christian Frey animafilmist "Pärastlõuna", Andrus Lauringsoni installatsioonist "Capaskoop", Berit Talpsepa robootilisest skulptuurist "Superheterodüünvastuvõtt", Eike Epliku installatiivsest skulptuurist "Ma saan aru, et ma ei ole orav", Anna-Stina Treumundi fotoinstallatsioonist "Vaikiv dialoog", Kalev Vapperi sotsiaalkollaazhist "Vapper Kalev lõpetab kooli"

  4. Revision and biogeography of the Neotropical dung beetle genus Scybalophagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae Revisión y Biogeografía del género neotropical de escarabajos estercoleros Scybalophagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Carlos Ocampo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The South American genus Scybalophagus Martínez is comprehensively revised. The genus now includes five species, distributed in Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru. All species are redescribed and diagnostic characters are provided along with illustrations of each species. Lectotypes are designated for Canthon lacordairei Laporte, 1840 (now Scybalophagus lacordairei and Canthon rugosus Blanchard, 1845 (now Scybalophagus rugosus. Scybalophagus zumpti (Frey, 1963 (=Epirinus zumpti Frey is now considered a junior synonym of S. rugosus (Blanchard. The biogeography of the genus and of each species is discussed and predictive distributions, based on environmental niche modeling, are provided for all species. Information on the biology and natural history of Scybalophagus species is discussed.El género suramericano Scybalophagus Martínez es revisado exhaustivamente. El género ahora incluye cinco especies distribuidas en Argentina, Chile, Bolivia y Perú. Se redescriben todas las especies y se proveen caracteres diagnósticos junto con ilustraciones para cada especie. Se designan lectotipos para Canthon lacordairei Laporte, 1840 (ahora Scybalophagus lacordairei y Canthon rugosus Blanchard, 1845 (ahora S. rugosus. Scybalophagus zumpti (Frey 1963 (=Epirinus zumpti Frey es ahora considerado un sinónimo junior de S. rugosus (Blanchard. La Biogeografía del género y cada especie es discutida y se presentan distribuciones potenciales, basadas en modelos de nicho ecológico, para todas las especies. Se discute la información sobre la biología e historia natural de las especies de Scybalophagus.

  5. [SURGICAL TACTICS IN CHRONIC PANCREATITIS WITH SIGNS OF BILIARY HYPERTENSION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usenko, O Yu; Kopchak, V M; Pylypchuk, V I; Kopchak, K V; Andronik, S V

    2015-08-01

    The results of treatment of 84 patients for chronic pancreatitis with the biliary hypertension signs were depicted. In 83 patients operative interventions were performed, and in 1--positive results were achieved after pancreatic cyst puncture under ultrasonographic control. In 51 patients the conduction of Frey operation have permitted to achieve a lower pressure inside biliary system, in 25--the additional procedures were applied for a biliary hypertension elimination. In 20 patients a method of pressure measurement in biliary system was used.

  6. Academic Motivation of Students - The German Case

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, Heike; Virgillito, Alfredo; Wilkesmann, Uwe

    2012-01-01

    The concept of motivation is used in many different disciplines to analyze the ‘what and why’ (Deci & Ryan, 2000) of human action. A vast body of literature exists on the relationship of motivation and performance in professional work and organization settings (e.g. Osterloh, Frey & Homberger, 2011; Gagné & Deci, 2005). Motivation is widely acknowledged to enhance performance and efficiency of staff (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Beyond work settings motivation may influence performance in academic set...

  7. Global inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS inhibits paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Fidanboylu

    Full Text Available Paclitaxel (Taxol® is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent that has a major dose limiting side-effect of painful peripheral neuropathy. Currently there is no effective therapy for the prevention or treatment of chemotherapy-induced painful peripheral neuropathies. Evidence for mitochondrial dysfunction during paclitaxel-induced pain was previously indicated with the presence of swollen and vacuolated neuronal mitochondria. As mitochondria are a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS, the aim of this study was to examine whether pharmacological inhibition of ROS could reverse established paclitaxel-induced pain or prevent the development of paclitaxel-induced pain. Using a rat model of paclitaxel-induced pain (intraperitoneal 2 mg/kg paclitaxel on days 0, 2, 4 & 6, the effects of a non-specific ROS scavenger, N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN and a superoxide selective scavenger, 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPOL were compared. Systemic 100 mg/kg PBN administration markedly inhibited established paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity to von Frey 8 g and 15 g stimulation and cold hypersensitivity to plantar acetone application. Daily systemic administration of 50 mg/kg PBN (days -1 to 13 completely prevented mechanical hypersensitivity to von Frey 4 g and 8 g stimulation and significantly attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity to von Frey 15 g. Systemic 100 mg/kg TEMPOL had no effect on established paclitaxel-induced mechanical or cold hypersensitivity. High dose (250 mg/kg systemic TEMPOL significantly inhibited mechanical hypersensitivity to von Frey 8 g & 15 g, but to a lesser extent than PBN. Daily systemic administration of 100 mg/kg TEMPOL (day -1 to 12 did not affect the development of paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity. These data suggest that ROS play a causal role in the development and maintenance of paclitaxel-induced pain, but such effects cannot be attributed to superoxide radicals

  8. Automation, Computerisation and Future Employment in Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, King Fuei

    2016-01-01

    Digitalization is expected to radically change the prospects of the types of occupations that will be needed in the future. This research note examines the susceptibility of jobs to computerization and automation in Singapore by drawing on the methodology and initial data in Frey and Osborne (2013). We find that about one-quarter of Singaporean employment is at high risk of computerization. This places the country as having one of the lowest proportions of jobs under high risk internationally...

  9. Toomas Annus : ma pole altkäemaksuandja / Toomas Annus ; interv. Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Toomas, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 16. okt. 2007, lk. 2. Merko Ehituse nõukogu esimees ja suuromanik vastas küsimustele, mis puudutavad kaitsepolitseis toimunud ülekuulamist seoses altkäemaksukahtlusega, maadevahetuse skandaali, põllumajandusministeeriumile hoone rentimist ja Rahvaliidu liikmetele soodsa hinnaga korterite müüki. Lisa: Seos Tuiksooga?

  10. Toomas Annus : peame kõigeks valmis olema / Toomas Annus ; interv. Anneli Ammas, Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Toomas, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Altkäemaksu andmises ja usalduse kuritarvitamises kahtlustatav Merko Ehituse nõukogu esimees vastab muu hulgas küsimustele, kui sageli ta Villu Reiljani, Ester Tuiksoo jt. Rahvaliidu poliitikutega aastatel 2004-2006 kohtus, milliseks ta hindab selle mõju Merko aktsiale, et kaitsepolitsei teda kahtlustab. Lisa: Reiljan kuulatakse üle lähiajal

  11. Toomas H. Ilves̀ vision about the future Europe / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti välisministri loeng, mille ta pidas Berliinis, Humboldti Ülikoolis 5. veebruaril 2001 Forum Constitutionis Europe sarjas. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad. Vt. samas: The Monthly Survey of Baltic and Post-Soviet politics, 2001/2002, nr. 6, lk. 125-136

  12. Kaitseliit muutus ärimeeste käepikenduseks / Toomas Mattson, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Bekkeri sadama ja Kaitseliidu konflikt 1999. okt. B. Leesik, P.-I. Rajamäe-Volmer, M. Alviste, E. Siff, U.Roosimägi jt. Kommenteerivad Tiit Tammsaar, Ants Laaneots, Eerik-Niiles Kross. Samas artikkel: Kaas, Kaarel. Kapten Terras võib Leesiku välja vahetada

  13. Surgical strategies in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xin; Cui, Naiqiang; Wang, Ximo; Cui, Yunfeng

    2017-03-01

    Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a common and frequently occurring disease. Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), and duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) are important treatment options for patients with chronic pancreatitis. The Beger and Frey procedures are 2 main duodenum-preserving techniques in duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) strategies. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the clinical efficacy of DPPHR versus PD, the Beger procedure versus PD, the Frey procedure versus PD, and the Beger procedure versus the Frey procedure in the treatment of pancreatitis. The optimal surgical option for chronic pancreatitis is still under debate. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of different surgical strategies for chronic pancreatitis. Five databases (PubMed, Medline, SinoMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) were searched with the limitations of human subjects and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) text. Data were extracted by 2 of the coauthors independently and analyzed using the RevMan statistical software, version 5.3. Weighted mean differences (WMDs), risk ratios (RRs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias Tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Seven studies involving a total of 385 patients who underwent the surgical treatments were assessed. The methodological quality of the trials ranged from low to moderate and included PD (n = 134) and DPPHR (n = 251 [Beger procedure = 100; Frey procedure = 109; Beger or Frey procedure = 42]). There were no significant differences between DPPHR and PD in post-operation mortality (RR = 2.89, 95% CI = 0.31-26.87, P = 0.36), pain relief (RR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.94-1.25, P = 0.26), exocrine insufficiency (follow-up time > 60 months: RR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.72-1.15, P

  14. Radiation-induced relief of pain in an animal model with bone invasion from cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seong, J.; Kim, J.; Kim, K.H.; Kim, U.J.; Lee, B.W.

    2003-01-01

    In clinic, local radiation is effective for relief of pain from cancer invasion into the bones. This effect is usually observed before the regression of tumor occurs, which implies radiation-induced pain relief by mechanisms other than tumor irradication. In this study, possible mechanisms were explored in animal model system. To establish an animal model, syngeneic hepatocarcinoma, HCa-I was transplanted on femoral periosteum of C3H/HeJ male mice and bone-invasive tumor growth was identified through the histological analysis. Development of tumor-induced pain was assessed by von Frey filament test, acetone test, and radiant heat test. Animals were also irradiated for their tumors. Any change in pain was analyzed by above tests for the quantitative change and by immunohistochemical stain for the expression of molecules such as c-fos, substance P, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in lumbar spinal cord. Cancer invasion into the bone was started from 7th day after transplantation and became evident at day 14. Objective increase of pain in the ipsilateral thigh was observed at day 14 on von Frey filament test and acetone test, while there was no remarkable regression of the tumors. In this model system, local radiation of tumor resulted in decrease in objective pain on von Frey filament test and acetone test. In the immunohistochemical stain for lumbar spinal cord, the expression of substance P and CGRP but not c-fos increased in tumor-bearing animal compared to the control. The expression of these molecules decreased in animals given local radiation. In summary, an animal model system was established for objective pain from cancer invasion into the bones. Local radiation of tumor induced objective pain relief and this effect seems to be mediated not by tumor regression but through altered production of pain-related molecules

  15. Radiation-induced relief of pain in an animal model with bone invasion from cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seong, J; Kim, J; Kim, K H; Kim, U J; Lee, B W [Yonsei University Medical College, (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-07-01

    In clinic, local radiation is effective for relief of pain from cancer invasion into the bones. This effect is usually observed before the regression of tumor occurs, which implies radiation-induced pain relief by mechanisms other than tumor irradication. In this study, possible mechanisms were explored in animal model system. To establish an animal model, syngeneic hepatocarcinoma, HCa-I was transplanted on femoral periosteum of C3H/HeJ male mice and bone-invasive tumor growth was identified through the histological analysis. Development of tumor-induced pain was assessed by von Frey filament test, acetone test, and radiant heat test. Animals were also irradiated for their tumors. Any change in pain was analyzed by above tests for the quantitative change and by immunohistochemical stain for the expression of molecules such as c-fos, substance P, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in lumbar spinal cord. Cancer invasion into the bone was started from 7th day after transplantation and became evident at day 14. Objective increase of pain in the ipsilateral thigh was observed at day 14 on von Frey filament test and acetone test, while there was no remarkable regression of the tumors. In this model system, local radiation of tumor resulted in decrease in objective pain on von Frey filament test and acetone test. In the immunohistochemical stain for lumbar spinal cord, the expression of substance P and CGRP but not c-fos increased in tumor-bearing animal compared to the control. The expression of these molecules decreased in animals given local radiation. In summary, an animal model system was established for objective pain from cancer invasion into the bones. Local radiation of tumor induced objective pain relief and this effect seems to be mediated not by tumor regression but through altered production of pain-related molecules.

  16. Effects of periodontal afferent inputs on corticomotor excitability in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Y; Boudreau, S; Wang, M

    2010-01-01

    for the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) as an internal control. Burning pain intensity and mechanical sensitivity ratings to a von Frey filament applied to the application site were recorded on an electronic visual analogue scale (VAS). All subjects reported a decreased mechanical sensitivity (anova: P = 0......-injection for the LA (anovas: P > 0.22) or capsaicin (anovas: P > 0.16) sessions. These findings suggest that a transient loss or perturbation in periodontal afferent input to the brain from a single incisor is insufficient to cause changes in corticomotor excitability of the face MI, as measured by TMS in humans....

  17. Tramadol effects on clinical variables and the mechanical nociceptive threshold in horses

    OpenAIRE

    Franco,Leandro Guimarães; Moreno,Juan Carlos Duque; Teixeira Neto,Antônio Raphael; Souza,Moisés Caetano e; Silva,Luiz Antônio Franco da

    2014-01-01

    This study assessed the clinical effects and the mechanical antinociceptive potential of intravenous (IV) tramadol in horses.A blinded and randomized study was designed with 7 horses treated with 1 (Tr1), 2 (Tr2) or 3 (Tr3) mg kg-1 of tramadol IV. The heart rate, respiratory rate (fR), arterial pressure, degree of sedation, gastrointestinal motility (GI), behavior changes and the mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) were evaluated. The MNT was determined with von Frey device method.Tr3 had ...

  18. On finite capacity queueing systems with a general vacation policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Loris-Teghem

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider a Poisson arrival queueing system with finite capacity and a general vacation policy as described in Loris-Teghem [Queueing Systems 3 (1988, 41-52]. From our previous results regarding the stationary queue length distributions immediately after a departure and at an arbitrary epoch, we derive a relation between both distributions which extends a result given in Frey and Takahashi [Operations Research Letters 21 (1997, 95-100] for the particular case of an exhaustive service multiple vacation policy.

  19. A pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera of Micropezidae (Diptera, Nerioidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Borges Ferro

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera of Micropezidae (Diptera, Nerioidea. This paper provides the first pictorial key and diagnosis for the Brazilian genera of the Micropezidae, based on external morphological characters illustrated with photographs. The key includes 13 genera: Cardiacephala Macquart, Cliobata Enderlein, Grallipeza Rondani, Metasphen Frey, Micropeza Meigen, Parasphen Enderlein, Planipeza Marshall, Plocoscelus Enderlein, Poecilotylus Hennig, Ptilosphen Enderlein, Rainieria Rondani, Scipopus Enderlein and Taeniaptera Macquart. For each genus, the species known to occur in Brazil are listed and their distribution records, including new ones, are provided.

  20. Effect of riluzole on acute pain and hyperalgesia in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammer, N A; Lillesø, J; Pedersen, J L

    1999-01-01

    Riluzole modulates several transmitter systems which may be involved in nociception. Antinociceptive effects have been shown in animal studies, but there are no human data. Therefore, we have examined the acute analgesic effect of riluzole in a human model of inflammatory pain induced by a thermal...... injury on the distal leg (47 degrees C, 7 min, 12.5 cm2) in 20 healthy volunteers. Hyperalgesia to mechanical and heat stimuli were examined by von Frey hairs and thermodes. We used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, and subjects received riluzole 100 mg or placebo for 2 days...

  1. COMBINATION OF MORPHINE AND GABAPENTIN LEADS TO SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS IN A RAT MODEL OF POSTOPERATIVE PAIN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papathanasiou, Theodoros; Juul, Rasmus Vestergaard; Heegaard, Anne-Marie

    Postoperative pain is a complex clinical condition that is still inadequately managed. Opioids remain the first line agents for the management of postoperative pain despite their side effects. Combination treatment with non-opioid agents that act at different sites within the central and peripheral...... of hindpaw withdrawal thresholds, after subcutaneous administration of morphine (0, 1, 3 and 7 mg/kg), gabapentin (0, 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg) or their combination (9 combinations of the above doses) were obtained using an electronic von Frey device. Surface of synergistic interaction (SSI) analysis was used...

  2. Karjamaa, pilved... Franz Liiv ja Juhan Kafka / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Postimees, 1996, 7.sept. Rets. rmt.: Kafka, Franz. Kirjad Milenale / tlk. Tiiu Relve. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1996. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 27-30, 1996; Liiv, Juhan. Mu kallis Liisi / koost. Aarne Vinkel. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 1996

  3. Kontserdikaja : David Oistrahhi Festival. Öökontsert / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    "Europa Festiva" festivalisarja esimesel kontserdil Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus 29. juunil esinesid rootsi flötist Anders Jonhäll, tšellist Allar Kaasik ja soome organist Markku Mäkinen. Maailmaesiettekandele tulid Erkki-Sven Tüüri "Spectrum IV" (tšellole ja orelile) ning rootsi helilooja Anders Nilssoni "Lamento - in memoriam m/s Estonia" (flöödile, tšellole ja orelile)

  4. Sel nädalal on silmad Gruusial / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    7. augustil möödub aasta Venemaa-Gruusia sõjalisest konfliktist. Sel puhul teatas Venemaa esindaja Vitali Tšurkin ÜRO peaassambleele, et Venemaa kiire tegutsemine Lõuna-Osseetias päästis maailma "uuest genotsiidist"

  5. Sõdurid annavad politseile tööd / Toomas Herm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herm, Toomas, 1961-

    2018-01-01

    Kokkuvõte eelmisel aastal Lääne-Virumaal toime pandud kuritegudest. Eelmisel aastal kasvas maakonnas narkootikumidega seotud väärtegude arv, milles suurt rolli mängis Tapal baseeruv 1. jalaväepataljon

  6. Plaadid / Dannar Leitmaa, Priit Pruul, Toomas Puna...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Roots Manuva "Slime and Reason", Buena Vista Social Club "At Cargnegie Hall", New Kids on the Block "The Block", Queen + Paul Roger "The Cosmos Rocks", Bad Orange "Tuli ja Jää"

  7. Serviti, Eesti, serviti! / Toomas Tiivel ; intervjueerinud Urve Eslas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Toomas, 1952-

    2009-01-01

    EXPO 2010 teemal "Parem linn, parem elu" toimub 1. maist 31. oktoobrini 2010 Hiinas Shanghais. Eesti paviljoni ideekonkursist. Žürii koosseis. Loetletud neli lõppvalikusse jõudnud tööd. Võitis töö "Savecity.org" (Illimar Truverk, Andres Labi, Janno Roos, Ionel Lehari, Priit Hamer, Kristian Paljasma). Paviljoni püstitamisest Shanghaisse. Heale paviljonile iseloomulikest joontest

  8. Marko Matvere lavastatud "Carmen" tulvil õnnestumisi / Toomas Kuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuter, Toomas, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Endlas rahvusvahelise ooperimuusika festivali raames 25. mail esietendunud Georges Bizet' ooperist "Carmen", lavastaja Marko Matvere. Peaosades astuvad üles Klaudia Taevi konkursi võitjad ja laureaadid

  9. Tallinnas kogunevad Euroopa riikide parlamentide juhid / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 24. mai lk. 5. 30. ja 31. mail kohtuvad Tallinnas Euroopa Nõukogu (EN) liikmesriikide parlamentide esimehed. EN-i eesistujamaa Venemaa saadab riigiduuma esimehe Boriss Grõzlovi asemel Tallinna aseesimehe Oleg Morozovi. Lisa: ENi Parlamentaarne Assamblee

  10. Ajalugu liigub spiraalina ehk uutest ja vanadest riigijuhtidest / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 14. märts lk. 2, Meie Maa 15. märts lk. 2, Za Narod nr. 4 lk. 1, Teataja : Eestimaa Rahvaliidu ajaleht nr. 4 apr. lk. 1. Autori hinnangul minnakse uuele ühiskondlikule korrale üldjuhul üle mõne eelmise korra tähtsa tegelase juhtimisel, näiteid ajaloost

  11. Meloslaisia muistellen / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; tõlk. Petteri Aarnos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Taasiseseisvunud Eesti algaastail tehtud poliitiliste valikute õigsusest. USA, Venemaa, Rootsi, Soome ja Eesti välispoliitilistest traditsioonidest. Realismi ja väärtuspõhisuse vastuolust. Immanuel Kanti igavese rahu ideest ja tugevama õigusest. Julgeolekuparadigma muutusest peale Gruusia-Vene sõda, Eesti diplomaatia prioriteetidest ja tegevussuundadest uues olukorras. Vt. ka foto president T. H. Ilvesest ajakirja esikaanel

  12. Sõjategevus Eestis 17.-22. septembril 1944 / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Vägede paigutusest Eestis juuli lõpus 1944. Sakslaste taganemisest septembris. Punaarmee jõudmisest Tallinna. Kes heiskas esimesena punalipu Pika Hermanni torni? Tallinna hõivamise erinevatest kirjeldustest. Eesti sõjaväelaste vastupanust sakslastele taganemise ajal.

  13. Juhan Parts soovib Res Publica tagasi tippu viia / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Res Publica esimees peaminister Juhan Parts plaanib minna oma erakonnaga kohalikele valimistele ning uurib võimalusi paremerakondade ühinemiseks. Rakveres toimunud erakonna üldkogust. Lisad: Peaministri neli rasket hetke; Res Publica ministrid said parteilt toetuse. Vt. samas: Reformierakond kiitis Res Publicat hea koostöö eest; Parts: 191 vastuhäält on hea tulemus

  14. Isamaaliidu ühinemisjutt ajas Res Publica keema / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. nov., lk 3. Isamaaliidu esimehe Tõnis Lukase ettepanekut Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ühinemiseks pooldavad ka Res Publica eestseisuse liikmed Juhan Parts ja Tõnis Palts, kuid Res Publica esimehe Taavi Veskimäe kinnitusel läheb Res Publica 2007. aasta parlamendivalimistele vastu iseseisvalt. Lisa: Isamaaliit ja Res Publica

  15. Jaan Valbet - valikutes kindel kui kalju / Toomas Reisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reisalu, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Stroitel 2007 nr. 2 lk. 22-25. Portreeartikkel Pärnu Betoonimeistrite nõukogu esimehest Jaan Valbetist. Vt. samas: Jaan Valbet peab alati sõna. Kommenteerib Merko Ehituse juhatuse esimees Tõnu Toomik

  16. Kultuuriajakiri levitab kümmet tudengifilmi / Toomas Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Kinobussi eestvõttel ilmus koos TMK aprilli-numbriga DVD "Valik eesti tudengifilme", mis tutvustab tudengite lühifilme: T. Toom "Tuul", B. Demidova "Roosa kleit ja nahksed püksid", K. Sarv "2pic", R. Merivoo "Mis värvi on armastus", R. Mandri "Annaliisa", E. Vasli "Nagu ikka", M. Oja "Rain Terrain" ("Varjude maa"), J. Matjus "Suvine dokumentaal", L. Kuusk, R. Võsa, M. Monko, H. Melesk "Eestimaa. Revisited", Johnson ja Johnson (I. Köster ja T. Talve) "Mõrv striptiisi ajal"

  17. Rõõm Joyce'i raamatuist / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Joyce, James. Dublinlased : [novellid] / inglise keelest tõlkinud Jaak Rähesoo. 2. tr. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2003 ; Joyce, James. Kunstniku noorpõlveportree : [romaan] / inglise keelest tõlkinud [ja järelsõna:] Jaak Rähesoo. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2003

  18. Jutt suusatamise surmast on liialdus / Toomas Huik, Deivil Tserp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huik, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 5. märts, lk. 12. Kristina Shmigun tuli 30 km klassikasõidus kuuendaks, Jaak Mae 50 km klassikasõidus kaheksandaks ja Kaspar Kokk üheteistkümnendaks. Kommenteerib Eesti suusakoondise peatreener Mati Alaver

  19. Mängu nimel tasub riskida / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    3. aprillil Eesti Kontserdi sarjas "Eesti muusika kullafond" Estonia kontserdisaalis toimunud Uus Tallinna Trio kontserdist ja 4. aprillil sarjas "Akadeemiline kammermuusika" Kadrioru lossis toimunud Olga Voronova ning Mati Mikalai kontserdist

  20. Eesti vajab tunnete ja mõistuse tasakaalu / Toomas Savi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savi, Toomas, 1942-

    2001-01-01

    Viimasel ajal on Eesti poliitikas tehtud räpakaid ja avalikke huve eiravaid otsuseid. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik. Ilmunud ka: Sakala, 9. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 9. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 9. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Koit, 9. aug. 2001, lk. 6; Valgamaalane, 9. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 10. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 14. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 14. aug. 2001, lk. 4; Järva Teataja, 16. aug. 2001, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 17. aug. 2001, lk. 2

  1. Ettevõtlus, konkurents ja riskid hariduselus / Toomas Saal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saal, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on kahetsusväärne, et riik kulutab raha riigi omanduses olevate õppeasutuste ülalpidamiseks sõltumata nende asutuste poolt pakutava hariduse kvaliteedist. Kutsehariduskonseptsioon EC/NOR

  2. Eestis alustatakse biodiisli tootmist / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    AS-i Biodiesel omanikud otsustasid biodiislikütust tootva tehase ehitada Harjumaale Paldiskisse. Omanikud loodavad peaministrilt positiivset vastust aktsiisimaksu vabastuse kohta biodiisli turustamisel

  3. Estonian hospital sector in transition / Toomas Palu, Reet Kadakmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palu, Toomas

    2001-01-01

    Autorid tutvustavad meditsiini vallas Eesti iseseisvuse perioodil läbi viidud reforme: haiglate tulevik sõltub 2001. aastal käivitunud reformide teisest faasist. Tabelid. Skeem: EHIF expenditures on health services, pharmaceutical and sick benefits 1996-2001

  4. Skandaalid : Eesti elu deodorant / Argo Ideon, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    Lisa: intervjuu Daniel Vaarikuga. 8 valitud skandaali, mis vapustasid Eestit: Tartu Kommertspanga pankrot. Rublamüük. Illegaalne relvaäri. Lindiskandaal. 10 milj. dollari kadumine. Tallinna Panga ja Ühispanga konflikt. Daiwa laen. Viinaga valijate häälte ostmine

  5. Peremetsa ühistegevus rahavõimu altaril / Toomas Lemming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lemming, Toomas, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 27. veebr. 2004, lk. 4; Harjumaa, 27. veebr. 2004, lk. 3; Meie Maa, 26. veebr. 2004, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 9. märts 2004, lk. 4; Järva Teataja, 11. märts 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 11. märts 2004, lk. 3; Valgamaalane, 20. märts 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 25. märts 2004, lk. 2. Valitsus otsustas metsaseaduse muudatustega seadustada metsaühistu mõiste. Muudetud seadus kohustab peremetsaomanikke firmadega koostööd tegema. Erametsaomanike ühistegevusest

  6. Hinnatõusu tegelikud tagamaad / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiumaa, 15. mai 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 18. mai 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 18. mai 2004, lk. 6; Meie Maa, 18. mai 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 20. mai 2004, lk. 15; Sakala, 21. mai 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 25. mai 2004, lk. 4; Valgamaalane, 13. juuli 2004, lk. 2. Eestis toimunud kütuse, suhkru ja teiste kaupade ning teenuste hinnatõusust, turu väiksusest ja väikesest konkurentsist

  7. Teadus ja religioon koolis / Toomas Jürgenstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürgenstein, Toomas

    2003-01-01

    Analüüsitakse gümnaasiumiõpilaste arusaamu religiooni ja teaduse suhetest, aluseks õpilaste seas 2001/2002. õa. läbi viidud küsitlus. Käsitletakse õpilaste religiooniteadmiste allikaid, antakse nõuandeid teema arendamiseks

  8. Kuidas valida, mida tõlkida? / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Vajadusest tõlkida eesti keelde läänemaailma vaimlistes sfäärides loetavaid välispoliitika-teemalisi raamatuid, näiteks S. Huntingtoni "Tsivilisatsioonide kokkupõrge" ja R. Kagani "Paradiis ja jõud". Ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 7. okt. 2005 nr. 25, lk. 11

  9. USA suursaadik : hirmud on alistanud lootuse / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Eestist lahkuv USA suursaadik Joseph de Thomas andis USA iseseisvuspäeva kõnes hinnangu Eesti toetusele Iraagis ja USA Iraagi-poliitikale. Parlamendiliige Eiki Berg USA suursaadiku kõnest. Vt. ka: Suursaadiku sõnum lk. 10

  10. Plaadid / Mait Eelrand, Toomas Puna, Veiko Pesur...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Wolf & Cub "Vessels", Karl MAdis & Karavan "Taevalik meloodia ئ Nat King Cole'i laule", Sophie Ellis-Bextor "Trip The Light Fantastic", Him "Uneasy Listening 1&2", Kognito "Muutuv"

  11. Eesti kasiinofirma sattus Leedus skandaali keskele / Toomas Sildam, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Leedu julgeolekuamet konfiskeeris ajalehe Laisvas Laikrastise kogu 8.septembri tiraazhi, väidetavalt kirjutati ajalehes julgeolekuameti poolt pealtkuulatud telefonikõnedest, millest ühes olevat Eesti suurärimees, Olympic Casino omanik Armin Karu nõudnud oma Vilniuse esindajatelt kokkusaamist temalt raha saanud Leedu sotsiaaldemokraatliku partei liidri Arturas Paulauskasega

  12. Islam arvustab, laieneb, mõjutab / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2003-01-01

    Malaisia peaministri Mohamad Mahathiri kõnest islamiriikide tippkonverentsil, kus ta kritiseeris juute. Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini osalemisest vaatlejana Islami Konverentsi Organisatsiooni Putrajaya konverentsil

  13. Jänkid, minge põrgu! / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerika riikide organisatsiooni (OEA) välisministrid kogunesid EL Salvadori pealinna, et osaleda Ladina-Ameerika uue vasakpoolse presidendi Mauricio Funesi ametisseastumise tseremoonial ning arutada Kuuba tagasivõtmist organisatsiooni

  14. Maksuameti ja Paltsi PR-sõda leevenemas / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Maksuameti ajutine juht Aivar Rehe tegi suhtekorraldusfirmale Alfa Omega Communications ettepaneku lõpetada PR-leping. Rahandusminister Tõnis Paltsi nõustamisest. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Tõnis Paltsiga: Palts: Olin üksi lahinguväljal. Lisad: Tõnis Paltsi ja Maksuameti vägikaikaveo kronoloogia

  15. Parts : ministrite minevik olgu avalik / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud politseinike altkäemaksu andmise avalikuks tulekuga, komissar Indrek Sirgi ametist lahkumisega ja ministrite seadusrikkumiste avalikustamisega. Kommenteerivad: Margus Leivo, Tarmo Loodus, Ain Seppik. Vt. samas: Valik saladuses peetavast teabest

  16. Parts hindab oma valitsust "kolmega" / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad uue valitsuskoalitsiooni moodustamist. Peaminister peab oluliseks, et uus valitsus tekiks kiiresti, ning on nõus ise uue valitsuse kokku panema

  17. Portugal : ülevaade äritingimustest / Toomas Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Toomas, 1971-

    1998-01-01

    Üldandmed, majanduse põhinäitajad, Eesti-Portugali majandussuhted. Välisinvesteeringutest,valuuta sisse- ja väljaveoga seotud reeglitest, ettevõtlusvormidest, ettevõtte asutamise tingimustest ja maksusüsteemist. Lisatud asutuste ja organisatsioonide kontaktandmeid

  18. Demokraatlik poliitika ja demokraatia Eestis 1991-2007 / Toomas Varrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varrak, Toomas, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    Ettekanne Rahvusarhiivi teaduskonverentsil "Kaks algust: 15 aastat iseseisvat Eesti Vabariiki" 23. novembril 2007. Mõistete demokraatlik poliitika ja demokraatia erinevusest. Eesti poliitikast taasiseseisvusperioodil

  19. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2012-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  20. "Santa Maria" forever : Eesti ja Portugali kirjandussuhetest / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2015-01-01

    Jaanuaris 1961 Portugali diktaatorlikule režiimile protestiks kaaperdatud laevast "Santa Maria", mis sai omamoodi vabaduse ja vastuhaku sümboliks ka okupeeritud Eestis. Artiklis käsitletakse sellest sündmusest mõjutatud teoseid, täpsemalt Aleksander Suumanni maali "Santa Maria" ja Paul-Eerik Rummo samanimelist luuletust

  1. Apres nous, le déluge / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Autor mõtiskleb Euroopa Parlamendi liikmena selle üle, mida Euroopa viimase kuu sündmused tähendavad ja endaga kaasa toovad. Põhiseadusliku leppe läbikukkumine, vanade liikmesriikide suhtumine uutesse, Venemaa mõju väikestele Ida-Euroopa riikidele, soovitused Eestile edasiseks käitumiseks

  2. Students of Tartu and Tallinn on foreign policy / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna ja Tartu politoloogia üliõpilaste uuringu tulemused: üliõpilased pidid vastama küsimustele Eesti-Vene-Euroopa suhete kohta. Erinevused Tallinna ja Tartu vahel polnud suured; Tallinna üliõpilased olid pragmaatilisemad

  3. Meri levitas dokumente Greeni mineviku kohta / Toomas Sildam, Kalle Muuli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Ühe jõustruktuuri ametnikud otsisid riigiarhiivi filiaalis Greeni puudutavaid dokumente ning Presidendi Kantselei saatis nende koopiad ajalehtedele avaldamiseks. President Lennart Meri õnnitluskiri Arnold Greenile 30. augustil 1995

  4. Alfred Õunapi 36 pedagoogiaastat / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Persoonilugu Põltsamaa Ametikooli maamajanduseriala praktilise poole kutseõpetajast Alfred Õunapist, kes pälvis Eesti Põllumajandus-Kaubanduskoja ning Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse eripreemia aastatepikkuse töö eest

  5. Ajalehtedel on tugev põhi all / Toomas Leito

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leito, Toomas, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    TOP-i kolmel esimesel kontsernil - Ajakirjade Kirjastuse AS-il, Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastuse AS-il ja Äripäeva Kirjastuse AS-il on kõva põhi all, millele on võimalik rajada uusi kasumlikke äriharusid

  6. Ajalehtede suurepärane reklaamiaasta / Toomas Leito

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leito, Toomas, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Autor analüüsib 2003. aastat ajalehtede reklaamiturul ning nimetab reklaamimüügi kasvu põhjuseid. Tabelid: Ajalehtede reklaamikäibe TOP 15; Ajalehtede reklaamikäibe kasv. Vt. samas: SL Õhtulehe reklaamikäive suureneb 5%; Eesti Päevalehele algas aasta edukalt; Postimehe käive kasvas 10%; Äripäeval aegade parim aasta

  7. Miljardikroonine viga ripub õhus / Toomas Kübarsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübarsepp, Toomas

    2006-01-01

    Saastamata õhu koguse müük juba käib - mõnes ettevõttes aktiivselt, teises ollakse äraootaval seisukohal. Vt. samas: Kasvuhoonegaaside koguse määramisel võib mõõtmisviga olla kui tahes suur

  8. Saneerimisseadus on esimene samm majanduse kasvuks / Toomas Viks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viks, Toomas, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Riigikogus vastu võetud saneerimisseadusest majandusraskustesse sattunud ettevõtetele. Ilmunud ka Tallinna Teataja : Nõmme ja Mustamäe, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Tallinna Teataja : Haabersti, Kristiine ja Põhja-Tallinn, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Järvamaa, Jõgevamaa, Tartumaa, Põlvamaa, Võrumaa, Valgamaa ja Viljandimaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Läänemaa ja Pärnumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Rapla- ja Harjumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5 ; Eesti Teataja : Virumaa, dets. 2008, lk. 5

  9. Hitler, Stalin ja Vana Toomas koos / Helen Eelrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelrand, Helen, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ajalooliste esemete, eelkõige kommunistliku ja natsionaalsotsialistliku sümboolika müügist. Kommentaarid Riigikogu liikmelt Helir-Valdor Seederilt, okupatsioonimuuseumi töötajalt Rasmus Rausbergilt ja siseministeeriumi pressinõunikult Katrin Videselt. Lisa: Lenin läheb idablokis kaubaks

  10. Jazz-muusikud tulevad kevadet tooma / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Pärnus Jazzkaare festivalil esinejatest: norra laulja Solveig Slettahjell 19. aprillil Eliisabeti kirikus, Hedvig Hanson kontserdiga "Rahvaste hällilaulud" 21. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas, duo Jaak Sooäär - Tuule Kann 22. apr. Pärnu raekojas ja Andy Emleri trio 23. apr. Ammende villas. Jazzkaare festivali ajaloost korraldaja Anne Ermi sõnul

  11. Laiem Lähis-Ida - vapustavad avaldused / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Mõiste Laiem Lähis-Ida (Wider Middle East) tähendusest. USA asehalduri Iraagis Paul Bremeri ja USA riigisekretäri Colin Powelli avaldustest USA Iraagist lahkumise ja Iisraeli vägivalla kohta Palestiinas

  12. Valus lugu valgetest sõduritest / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    M. Karusoo tõi 24. märtsil Rakvere Teatris lavale Afganistani sõja teemalise lavastuse "Misjonärid", mis põhineb Dee Browni indiaanisõdade raamatul "Mata mu süda Wounded Knees" ja Afganistanis sõdinud meestega tehtud intervjuudel

  13. Pööre Lähis-Idas / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Palestiina rühmituste juhid Khaled Meshali ja Mahmud Abbasi jõudsid Mekas Saudi Araabia kuninga Abdullah' peetud läbirääkimistel kokkuleppele, millega lõpetatakse aastaid kestnud vastastikune vaenutsemine

  14. Rogozin : Topelttollid kaovad enne WTOd / Dmitri Rogozin ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rogozin, Dmitri

    2002-01-01

    Venemaa Riigiduuma väliskomitee esimehe sõnul on Eestil ja Venemaal palju rohkem kokkupuutepunkte kui vastuolusid. D. Rogozin Venemaa välispoliitikast, NATO laienemisest itta, topelttollidest, õigeusu kiriku tülist

  15. Klubok problem Jevrosojuza / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Tatjana Opekina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Europarlamendi väliskomisjoni aseesimees puudutab järgmisi teemasid: Euroopa julgeolek, Lissaboni strateegia, Euroopa Liidu uued ja vanad liikmed, traditsiooniline perekond ja sündimus, Euroopa islamiseerimine, globaliseerumisprotsesside mõju, Eesti-Vene piirilepe

  16. Fidel Castro : maailma värvikaim diktaator / Toomas Verrev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verrev, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Järg. nr. 113 lk. 40-42, nr. 112 lk. 36-38, nr. 111 lk. 40-42, nr. 110 lk. 48-50, nr. 109 lk. 42-44, nr. 108 lk. 46-48, nr. 107 lk. 40-42, nr. 106 lk. 48-50, nr. 104 lk. 46-48, nr. 103 lk. 34-36, nr. 102 lk. 48-50. Kuuba diktaatori Fidel Castro elukäigust

  17. Eesti koomiks ja I Eesti koomiksibiennaal / Toomas Verrev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verrev, Toomas, 1979-

    2010-01-01

    I Eesti Koomiksibiennaal Kultuuritehase Polymer Kunstikonteineris Tallinnas 16. aprillist 23. maini. Kuraatorid Elisabeth Salmin ja Sandra Jõgeva. Esitleti Ed Labetski ja Ago Visaki koomiksit "Kalevipoeg" ning Elisabeth Salmini koomiksikogumikku "Simulant ja teised"

  18. Meeloslasi mäletades / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Taasiseseisvunud Eesti algaastail tehtud poliitiliste valikute õigsusest. USA, Venemaa, Rootsi, Soome ja Eesti välispoliitilistest traditsioonidest. Realismi ja väärtuspõhisuse vastuolust. Immanuel Kanti igavese rahu ideest ja tugevama õigusest. Julgeolekuparadigma muutusest peale Gruusia-Vene sõda, Eesti diplomaatia prioriteetidest ja tegevussuundadest uues olukorras

  19. Meloslaisia muistellen / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; tõlk. Petteri Aarnos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Taasiseseisvunud Eesti algaastail tehtud poliitiliste valikute õigsusest. USA, Venemaa, Rootsi, Soome ja Eesti välispoliitilistest traditsioonidest. Realismi ja väärtuspõhisuse vastuolust. Immanuel Kanti igavese rahu ideest ja tugevama õigusest. Julgeolekuparadigma muutusest peale Gruusia-Vene sõda, Eesti diplomaatia prioriteetidest ja tegevussuundadest uues olukorras

  20. Meeloslasi mäletades / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Taasiseseisvunud Eesti algaastail tehtud poliitiliste valikute õigsusest. USA, Venemaa, Rootsi, Soome ja Eesti välispoliitilistest traditsioonidest. Realismi ja väärtuspõhisuse vastuolust. Immanuel Kanti igavese rahu ideest ja tugevama õigusest. Julgeolekuparadigma muutusest peale Gruusia-Vene sõda, Eesti diplomaatia prioriteetidest ja tegevussuundadest uues olukorras

  1. Taassünni ajalooline valu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Vastukaja Jürgen Habermasi ja Jacques Derrida esseele "Euroopa taassünd pärast sõda". Euroopalikust ühtekuuluvustundest ja vajadusest ühisarusaamade järele Euroopa välis- ja julgeolekupoliitikas. Tuum-Euroopa ideest ja idaaeurooplaste integreerimisest. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht : Mõte 16. juuli 2003, lk. 10-13.

  2. Venemaa parandab Rüütli-Putini vestlust / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Vene presidendi asepressiesindaja Dmitri Peskovi sõnul on praegusel ajal võimalik ainult Molotovi-Ribbentropi pakti ajalooline hinnang ning Venemaale oleks parim variant, kui piirileping ja poliitiline deklaratsioon kirjutataks alla Teise maailmasõja lõpu 60. aastapäeva pidustuste ajal Moskvas. President Arnol Rüütel aga teatas pärast kohtumist Vladimir Putiniga, et Vene president nõustus lahutama piirilepingu poliitiliste suhete deklaratsioonist

  3. Nii pole Eestis (Mozarti ooperit) veel tehtud / Toomas Siitan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siitan, Toomas, 1958-

    2009-01-01

    17. oktoobril Rahvusooperis Estonia esietendunud Mozarti koomilisest ooperist "Cosi fan tutte ossia La scuola degli amanti", lavastaja Walter Sutcliffe, etenduse muusikaline juht ja dirigent Arvo Volmer

  4. Kataloonia kinolinal ületati piire / Toomas Järvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvet, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    VII rahvusvahelisest dokumentaalfilmide festivalist "Docupolis" Barcelonas 3. - 7. oktoober 2007. Lühidalt filmidest "Welcome Europe" (rezh. Bruno Ulmer) ja "Voyage en Sol Majeur" (rezh. Georg Lazarevski)

  5. Energiamees Sandor Liive / Sandor Liive ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liive, Sandor, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Energia juhatuse esimees elektrienergia võimalikust kallinemisest, elektrivõrgu olukorrast Eestis, Balti riikide elektrivõrkude ühendamisest omavahel ja teiste Euroopa riikide elektrivõrkudega, põlevkivi kaevandamisest Eestis ja Jordaania projektist, Eesti Energia tuumaprojektist, elektrikute puudusest tööjõuturul ning juhatuse esimehe palgast. Sandor Liive CV. Vt. samas: Sandor Liive. "Kuidas edasi?", pöördumine kolleegide poole Eesti Energias 16. detsembril 2005

  6. The Tallinntellect / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; intervjueerinud Michael Weiss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2013-01-01

    Vene-USA poliitilistest suhetest, Eesti säästupoliitikast, USA käitumisest totalitaarsete režiimidega, presidendi lemmikkirjanik Vladimir Nabokovist ning praeguste poliitikute endisest kuulumisest kommunistlikku parteisse

  7. Auto, auto, kust sa tuled? / Toomas Vabamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabamäe, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Autofirmade omanike vahetuse, litsentside ostu-müügi ja ühisettevõtete loomise tagajärjel on sageli võimatu määratleda autode päritolumaad. Lisad: Euroopa riikides toodetavad autod 2004, Euroopa autotootjate tipp-10

  8. Toomas Annus : meiega ei õnnestu küll kellelgi kokku leppida / Toomas Annus ; interv. Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Toomas, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Ehitusfirma Merko nõukogu esimees vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad olukorda Eesti kinnisvaraturul, häirivat ehituses ja linnaplaneerimises, klannimajandust, millest kirjutas Hans H. Luik, Pae karjääri, Sakala keskusega seotut, poliitiliste jõudude toetamist mõttemalli, et rikastele on rohkem lubatud ning sellega seoses Oliver Kruuda ebaseaduslikku võsalangetust, rikkust, ajakirjandust. Lisa: Merko käive ja kasum on jõudsalt kasvanud

  9. Estonian President and ex-MEP Toomas Ilves : new states "open to change" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; [interv. Kristiina Randmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President T.H. Ilvese intervjuu Euroopa Parlamendi internetiväljaandele. President räägib oma töökogemustest Euroopa Parlamendi saadikuna, Euroopa Liidu uute liikmesriikide erinevustest, Euroopa Liidu ja Venemaa suhetest, Eesti infotehnoloogilisest arengust

  10. Toomas Peek: vaatan projekte, mida majanduse põhjast on võimalik osta / Toomas Peek ; intervjueerinud Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peek, Toomas, 1952-

    2009-01-01

    Kinnisvaraärimehe, Eesti ühe rikkaima inimese hinnangul on majanduskatastroofi aluseks olnud eelkõige moraalitus, ahnus, kõlvatu rivaliteet ja ka firmade läbipaistmatus. Eesti pole osanud ära kasutada väikese riigi eeliseid

  11. Eesti Vabariigi Presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõned Toronto eestlastele / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; foto: Vaado Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõned Toronto Eesti Majas pidulikul õhtusöögil 27. mail 2008 ja Toronto Eesti koolis lõputunnistuste kätteandmisel 26. mail 2008. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Kanadas 26.-30.05.2008

  12. MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR CLASSIFICATION OF GENUS MACROPODUS LACÉPÈDE, 1801 IN GIANH RIVER IN THE NORTH CENTRAL PART OF VIETNAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho Anh TUAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analysis and identification of 57 specimens of genus Macropodus Lacépède collected from Gianh River in Quang Binh province in north center region Vietnam. We have classified three species: Macropodus erythropterus (Frey. & Her., 2002, Macropodus opercularis (Linneaeus, 1758, Macropodus spechti (Schreitmüller, 1936 was first discovered in the study area and north center region Vietnam.CARACTERISTICA MORFOLOGICĂ PENTRU CLASIFICAREA GENULUI MACROPODUS LACÉPÈDE, 1801 DIN BAZINUL RÂULUI GIANH, REGIUNEA CENTRALĂ DE NORD A VIETNAMULUIAu fost analizate şi identificate 57 de exemplare ale genului Macropodus Lacépède colectate din bazinul râului Gianh, provincia Quang Binh, regiunea centrală de nord a Vietnamului. Noi am clasificat 3 specii: Macropodus erythropterus (Frey. & Her., 2002, Macropodus opercularis (Linneaeus, 1758 şi Macropodus spechti (Schreitmüller, 1936, descoperite în aria de studiu şi în regiunea centrală de nord a Vietnamului.

  13. Network Analysis Approach to Stroke Care and Assistance Provision: An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szczygiel Nina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available To model and analyse stroke care and assistance provision in the Portuguese context from the network perspective. We used the network theory as a theoretical foundation for the study. The model proposed by Frey et al. (2006 was used to elicit and comprehend possible interactions and relations between organisations expected to be involved in the provision of care and assistance to stroke patients in their pathway to rehabilitation. Providers were identified and contacted to evaluate the nature and intensity of relationships. Network analysis was performed with the NodeXL software package. Analysis of 509 entities based on about 260 000 entries indicates that stroke care provision in the evaluated context is best captured in the coalition-collaboration setting, which appears to best demonstrate the character of the network. Information from analysis of the collaboration stage was not sufficient to determine the network dynamics. Application of the network theory to understand interorganisational dynamics of the complex health care context. Empirical validation of the model proposed by Frey et al. (2006 in terms of its operationalisation and the way it actually reflects the practical context. Examination and analysis of interorganisational relationships and its contribution to management of compound health care context involving actors from various sectors.

  14. Antinociception induced by rosuvastatin in murine neuropathic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Hugo F; Sierralta, Fernando; Aranda, Nicolas; Poblete, Paula; Castillo, Rodrigo L; Noriega, Viviana; Prieto, Juan Carlos

    2018-06-01

    Neuropathic pain, and subsequent hypernociception, can be induced in mice by paclitaxel (PTX) administration and partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL). Its pharmacotherapy has been a clinical challenge, due to a lack of effective treatment. In two models of mouse neuropathic pain (PTX and PSNL) the antinociception induced by rosuvastatin and the participation of proinflammatory biomarkers, interleukin (IL)- 1β, TBARS and glutathione were evaluated. A dose-response curve for rosuvastatin ip was obtained on cold plate, hot plate and Von Frey assays. Changes on spinal cord levels of IL-1β, glutathione and lipid peroxidation were measured at 7 and 14days in PTX and PSNL murine models. PTX or PSNL were able to induce in mice peripheral neuropathy with hypernociception, either to 7 and 14days. Rosuvastatin induced a dose dependent antinociception in hot plate, cold plate and Von Frey assays. The increased levels of IL-1β or TBARS induced by pretreatment with PTX or PSNL were reduced by rosuvastatin. The reduction of spinal cord glutathione, by PTX or PSNL, expressed as the ratio GSH/GSSG, were increased significantly in animals pretreated with rosuvastatin. The anti-inflammatory properties of statins could underlie their beneficial effects on neuropathic pain by reduction of proinflammatory biomarkers and activation of glia. The findings of this study suggest a potential usefulness of rosuvastatin in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Copyright © 2018 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Secondary hyperalgesia to heat stimuli after burn injury in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, J L; Kehlet, H

    1998-01-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the presence of hyperalgesia to heat stimuli within the zone of secondary hyperalgesia to punctate mechanical stimuli. A burn was produced on the medial part of the non-dominant crus in 15 healthy volunteers with a 50 x 25 mm thermode (47 degrees C, 7 min......), and assessments were made 70 min and 40 min before, and 0, 1, and 2 h after the burn injury. Hyperalgesia to mechanical and heat stimuli were examined by von Frey hairs and contact thermodes (3.75 and 12.5 cm2), and pain responses were rated with a visual analog scale (0-100). The area of secondary hyperalgesia...... to punctate stimuli was assessed with a rigid von Frey hair (462 mN). The heat pain responses to 45 degrees C in 5 s (3.75 cm2) were tested in the area just outside the burn, where the subjects developed secondary hyperalgesia, and on the lateral crus where no subject developed secondary hyperalgesia (control...

  16. [Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis complicated by biliary hypertension].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pylypchuk, V I

    2015-01-01

    The results of 29 patients treatment, suffering chronic pancreatitis, complicated by biliary hypertension, in whom operative interventions in Department of Surgery of Regional Ivano-Frankivsk clinical hospital in 2009 - 2014 yrs, were analyzed. The drainage, resectional and combined interventions were performed. Direct intervention on pancreatic gland was not applied in 5 (17.2%) patients. Operation to Frey was performed in 7 (24.1%) patients, in 4--it was added by choledochojejunoanastomosis formation, longitudinal pancreatojejunostomy--in 13 (44.8%). In 4 (14.8%) patients while functional disorders of adjacent organs present a pancreaticoduodenal resection to Whipple was done. For biliary hypertension diagnosis (including the occult one) the method of intraoperative pressure measurement in common biliary duct (CBD) was proposed. The operation was added by biliodigestive anastomosis formation, using choledochoenterostomy to Roux method if while operations to Frey or Beger after intervention on pancreatic head with the intrapancreatic CBD freeing the intraductal pressure witnessed the biliary hypertension presence. In all the patients good and satisfactory results of operative treatment were noted.

  17. An updated checklist of Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) of the Crimea, Sub-Mediterranean SE Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navickaitė, Asta; Diškus, Arūnas; Stonis, Jonas R

    2014-08-07

    This updated checklist is intended to be a collaborative effort by a team of taxonomists to present a hitherto little known diversity of the Nepticulidae of the Crimea. A total of 64 species of Nepticulidae are listed. The following 26 species are recorded for the first time from the Crimea: Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894), S. tiliae (Frey, 1856), S. microtheriella (Stainton, 1854), S. alnetella (Stainton, 1854), S. glutinosae (Stainton, 1858), S. desperatella (Frey, 1856), S. torminalis (Wood, 1890), S. crataegella (Klimesch, 1936), S. hahniella (Wörz, 1937), S. catharticella (Stainton, 1853), S. malella (Stainton, 1854), S. rhamnella (Herrich-Schäffter, 1860), S. ulmivora (Fologne, 1860), S. trimaculella (Haworth, 1828), S. obliquella (Heinemann, 1862), S. tityrella (Stainton, 1854), S. carpinella (Heinemann, 1862), S. lemniscella (Zeller, 1839), S. plagicolella (Stainton, 1854), S. samiatella (Zeller, 1939), Bohemannia pulverosella (Stainton, 1849), Ectoedemia mahalebella (Klimesch, 1936), Fomoria septembrella (Stainton, 1849), Trifurcula silviae van Nieukerken, 1990, T. macedonica Z. Laštůvka & A. Laštůvka, 1998, T. eurema (Tutt, 1899). One species, Ectoedemia spinosella (Joannis, 1908), is excluded here from the list of the Nepticulidae of the Crimea. Thirty-nine selected species are illustrated with photographs of the leaf-mines, and forty-five species with photographs of genitalia. 

  18. Compiler issues associated with safety-related software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feinauer, L.R.

    1991-01-01

    A critical issue in the quality assurance of safety-related software is the ability of the software to produce identical results, independent of the host machine, operating system, or compiler version under which the software is installed. A study is performed using the VIPRE-0l, FREY-01, and RETRAN-02 safety-related codes. Results from an IBM 3083 computer are compared with results from a CYBER 860 computer. All three of the computer programs examined are written in FORTRAN; the VIPRE code uses the FORTRAN 66 compiler, whereas the FREY and RETRAN codes use the FORTRAN 77 compiler. Various compiler options are studied to determine their effect on the output between machines. Since the Control Data Corporation and IBM machines inherently represent numerical data differently, methods of producing equivalent accuracy of data representation were an important focus of the study. This paper identifies particular problems in the automatic double-precision option (AUTODBL) of the IBM FORTRAN 1.4.x series of compilers. The IBM FORTRAN version 2 compilers provide much more stable, reliable compilation for engineering software. Careful selection of compilers and compiler options can help guarantee identical results between different machines. To ensure reproducibility of results, the same compiler and compiler options should be used to install the program as were used in the development and testing of the program

  19. The effect of acute swim stress and training in the water maze on hippocampal synaptic activity as well as plasticity in the dentate gyrus of freely moving rats: revisiting swim-induced LTP reinforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabassum, Heena; Frey, Julietta U

    2013-12-01

    Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is a cellular model of learning and memory. An early form of LTP (E-LTP) can be reinforced into its late form (L-LTP) by various behavioral interactions within a specific time window ("behavioral LTP-reinforcement"). Depending on the type and procedure used, various studies have shown that stress differentially affects synaptic plasticity. Under low stress, such as novelty detection or mild foot shocks, E-LTP can be transformed into L-LTP in the rat dentate gyrus (DG). A reinforcing effect of a 2-min swim, however, has only been shown in (Korz and Frey (2003) J Neurosci 23:7281-7287; Korz and Frey (2005) J Neurosci 25:7393-7400; Ahmed et al. (2006) J Neurosci 26:3951-3958; Sajikumar et al., (2007) J Physiol 584.2:389-400) so far. We have reinvestigated these studies using the same as well as an improved recording technique which allowed the recording of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSP) and the population spike amplitude (PSA) at their places of generation in freely moving rats. We show that acute swim stress led to a long-term depression (LTD) in baseline values of PSA and partially fEPSP. In contrast to earlier studies a LTP-reinforcement by swimming could never be reproduced. Our results indicate that 2-min swim stress influenced synaptic potentials as well as E-LTP negatively. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Concentration-Effect Relationship of Intrapritoneal Administration of 1, 25 (OH 2-Vitamin D in a Chronic Constriction Model of Neuropathic Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farinaz Nasirinezhad

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:  Results: These findings revealed the exaggerated responses in the group which received CCI. The group which was treated by 1 μg/kg of 1,25 vit D3 showed a significant reduction in pain behavior. Injection of 1,25 vit D3 did not change the response of animals to the acetone drop and von frey filament. Discussion: Our results showed that antinoceptive effect of 1,25 vit D3 in a rodent neuropathic pain model is dose dependent and this vitamin may provide new approach for treatment of chronic pain.The presence of nuclear receptors of 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25 vit D3, the biologically active metabolite of vitamin D, in neurons and glial cells indicates the biological effect of this vitamin in the nervous system. The present experiment was conducted to identify the effects of different doses of 1,25 vit D3 on mechanical and cold allodynia in rodent model of neuropatinc pain. Methods: A mononeuropathy was produced by chronic constrictive injury (CCI of the sciatic nerve. 1,25 vit D3 (0.3, 0.6 ,1 μg/Kg was administered by an i.p. injection every 2 days during a month after CCI. Mechanical and cold allodynia were evaluated by Von frey filament and acetone respectively.

  1. Taipower's transient analysis methodology for pressurized water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huang, Pinghue

    1998-01-01

    The methodology presented in this paper is a part of the 'Taipower's Reload Design and Transient Analysis Methodologies for Light Water Reactors' developed by the Taiwan Power Company (TPC) and the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research. This methodology utilizes four computer codes developed or sponsored by Electric Power Research institute: system transient analysis code RETRAN-02, core thermal-hydraulic analysis code COBRAIIIC, three-dimensional spatial kinetics code ARROTTA, and fuel rod evaluation code FREY. Each of the computer codes was extensively validated. Analysis methods and modeling techniques were conservatively established for each application using a systematic evaluation with the assistance of sensitivity studies. The qualification results and analysis methods were documented in detail in TPC topical reports. The topical reports for COBRAIIIC, ARROTTA. and FREY have been reviewed and approved by the Atomic Energy Council (ABC). TPC 's in-house transient methodology have been successfully applied to provide valuable support for many operational issues and plant improvements for TPC's Maanshan Units I and 2. Major applications include the removal of the resistance temperature detector bypass system, the relaxation of the hot-full-power moderator temperature coefficient design criteria imposed by the ROCAEC due to a concern on Anticipated Transient Without Scram, the reduction of boron injection tank concentration and the elimination of the heat tracing, and the reduction of' reactor coolant system flow. (author)

  2. The magnitude and rate of reduction in strength, dexterity and sensation in the human hand vary with ageing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, Jocelyn L; McNulty, Penelope A

    2013-08-01

    Cutaneous sensation and motor performance of the hand decline with age. It is not known if motor performance declines are influenced by reductions in cutaneous sensation, or if motor performance deteriorates at a consistent rate across motor tasks. Handgrip strength, finger-tapping frequency and grooved-pegboard performance were assessed for both hands of 70 subjects (20-88 years), 10 per decade. Motor declines were compared to reductions in perceptual cutaneous sensation tested at 10 hand sites using calibrated von Frey filaments. Motor performance decreased with age for all motor tasks (psensation also decreased with age, measured as increased von Frey thresholds of 0.04 g [0.02-0.07] to 0.16 g [0.04-0.4] (psensation varied with sex, side-tested and site. Reductions in grip-based tasks were associated with sensory declines in the palm, but elsewhere there was little correlation among motor tasks and cutaneous sensation in the hand. Grooved-pegboard performance was the best predictor of age-related declines in motor performance regardless of sex or side-tested. Our results suggest age-related declines in motor function cannot be inferred from, or provide information about, changes in cutaneous sensation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Evaluation of the novel avocado/soybean unsaponifiable Arthrocen to alter joint pain and inflammation in a rat model of osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goudarzi, Ramin; Reid, Allison; McDougall, Jason J

    2018-01-01

    Avocado/soybean unsaponifiables such as Arthrocen have been reported to reduce cartilage catabolism and chondrocytic synthesis of inflammatory mediators associated with osteoarthritis (OA). While there is some clinical evidence that avocado/soybean unsaponifiables can reduce OA pain, no preclinical studies have corroborated this observation. The present study determined whether addition of an avocado/soybean unsaponifiable (Arthrocen) to the drinking water of OA rats reduced direct and referred joint pain. OA was induced in male Wistar rats by intra-articular injection of sodium monoiodoacetate (MIA: 0.3mg) and animals were allowed to recover for 14 days. Arthrocen was added to the drinking water which was available to animals ad libitum. On day 30, joint pain was assessed by dynamic incapacitance while referred pain was determined by von Frey hair algesiometry. The joint damage induced by MIA injection was severe and was consistent with end-stage OA. Arthrocen consumption (approximately 35 mg/day) attenuated the joint oedema associated with MIA injection. Hindlimb weight bearing also significantly improved in Arthrocen-treated rats (P<0.05); however, von Frey hair mechanosensitivity was unaffected by this treatment. These data indicate that Arthrocen has the potential to reduce joint inflammation and pain associated with end-stage OA.

  4. Witnessing versus Fiction: Julia Frey’s diary of September 11, 2001 and Last Fall (2005 by Ronald Sukenick, her husband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia FREY

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette présentation compare de brefs extraits de trois textes par deux écrivains vivant ensemble à côté des tours jumelles du World Trade Center le 11 septembre 2001. Lorsqu’on compare les notes manuscrites retrouvées dans les affaires de Sukenick après la mort de l’auteur et son roman posthume Last Fall (2005, on voit que les phrases très courtes sont devenues des passages beaucoup plus élaborés, mais on constate aussi que l’événement lui-même n’a pas été fictionnalisé dans le roman. Même si le journal de Frey, écrit face aux ruines à l'aube du 12/09/2001, ne semble pas se préoccuper de style et s'il est beaucoup plus détaillé, il offre essentiellement le même récit que celui du roman de Sukenick. Frey a depuis terminé son propre roman qui comprend le récit tiré de son journal, à quelques modifications mineures près, concernant les événements pendant et après les attaques contre le World Trade Center. Le texte en est disponible en ligne http://juliafrey.blogspot.com/ >Balcony View - a 9/11 Diary En examinant ainsi l'ur texte pour le roman de chaque auteur, il apparaît que Sukenick et Frey choisissent de NE PAS fictionnaliser les événements du 11 septembre, suffisamment spectaculaires en eux-mêmes pour ne pas nécessiter d’habillage. Les deux auteurs se servent de leur expérience de ces événements de la même manière, les déplacant vers une structure fictionnelle, l'expérience devenant celle d'un personnage de fiction et ayant un impact sur l'intrigue du roman. Dans chacun des deux romans, l'impact physique et émotionnel du 11 septembre devient un tournant, un événement cataclysmique et totalement inattendu qui interrompt le cours de la vie quotidienne et modifie les relations entre les personnages. Les attaques ont joué le même rôle dans la vie des écrivains.This presentation compares brief excerpts of three texts, by two authors, living together at Ground Zero on 9/11/2001. Comparison

  5. Co-administration of morphine and gabapentin leads to dose dependent synergistic effects in a rat model of postoperative pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papathanasiou, Theodoros; Juul, Rasmus Vestergaard; Heegaard, Anne-Marie

    2016-01-01

    dose combinations and investigate whether co-administration leads to synergistic effects in a preclinical model of postoperative pain. The pharmacodynamic effects of morphine (1, 3 and 7 mg/kg), gabapentin (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg) or their combination (9 combinations in total) were evaluated in the rat...... plantar incision model using an electronic von Frey device. The percentage of maximum possible effect (%MPE) and the area under the response curve (AUC) were used for evaluation of the antihyperalgesic effects of the drugs. Identification of synergistic interactions was based on Loewe additivity response...... surface analyses. The combination of morphine and gabapentin resulted in synergistic antihyperalgesic effects in a preclinical model of postoperative pain. The synergistic interactions were found to be dose dependent and the increase in observed response compared to the theoretical additive response...

  6. A revised method for measuring distraction by tactile stimulation [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/42o

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline R. Schechter

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Sensory hypersensitivity (SH refers to the tendency to attend to subtle stimuli, to persist in attending to them, and to find them noxious. SH is relatively common in several developmental disorders including Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder (TS/CTD. This study was an attempt to quantify the extent to which a mild tactile stimulus distracts one’s attention in TS/CTD. Fourteen adults with TS/CTD and 14 tic-free control subjects completed questionnaires regarding SH and ADHD, and TS/CTD subjects completed self-report measures of current and past tic disorder symptoms and of current obsessions and compulsions. All subjects performed a sustained attention choice reaction time task during alternating blocks in which a mildly annoying stimulus (von Frey hair was applied to the ankle (“ON” or was not applied (“OFF”. We present here the clinical and cognitive task data for each subject.

  7. Qualifizierung für "Industrie 4.0". Facharbeit in Deutschland und deutschen Auslandsniederlassungen in Emerging Economies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Martina; Pilz, Matthias; Wiemann, Judith; Wiemann, Kristina

    2017-06-01

    Frey and Osbourne's (2013) notion of the end of professional technical skills caused by Industry 4.0 (smart manufacturing), also known as increasing polarisation into "lousy and lovely jobs", is a topical issue. This contribution is a critical review of this idea in the context of German multinational companies, many of which are intensifying their efforts to introduce international customer-oriented quality production, digital high-tech and new human-machine-interfaces. Such high-tech production requires that the companies further internationalise practices of the German technical vocational education and training to emerging economies as Mexico, India and China. For German multinational companies this rather suggests an increase in professional technical skills (also on an international level) and less so rationalisation potentials in this particular segment of production work.

  8. A taxonomic revision of the Neoserica (sensu lato calva group (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wangang Liu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The species of the Neoserica (sensu lato calva group are revised. Neoserica calva Frey, 1972, comb. n. is redescribed. Thirteen new species are described from China and South Korea: Neoserica ailaoshanica sp. n., N. anonyma sp. n., N. calvoides sp. n., N. gulinqingensis sp. n., N. koelkebecki sp. n., N. liangi sp. n., N. luxiensis sp. n., N. menghaiensis sp. n., N. mengi sp. n., N. taipingensis sp. n., N. zheijangensis sp. n., N. zhibenshanica sp. n., and N. zongyuani sp. n. A key to Sericini genera with multilamellate antenna and species groups of Neoserica of mainland Asia as well as a key to species of the N. calva group are provided. A map of species distribution is given, habitus and male genitalia are illustrated.

  9. Current trends in plant breeding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jalani, B.S.; Rajanaidu, N.

    2000-01-01

    The current world population is 6 billion and it is likely to reach 7 billion in 2010 and 8 billion 2025. Sufficient food must be produced for the ever increasing human population. The available suitable land for intensive agriculture is limited. We have to produce more food from less land, pesticide, labour and water resources. Hence, increase in crop productivity are essential to feed the world in the next century. Plant breeding provides the avenue to increase the food production to feed the growing world population. Development of a cultivar involves (I) Construction of a genetic model (II) creating a gene pool (III) selection among plants and (IV) testing the selected genotypes for adaptation to the biotic and abiotic environments (Frey, 1999). This paper discusses the trends in plant breeding using the oil palm as a model. It covers (i) genetic resources (ii) physiological traits (III) exploitation of genotype x environment interaction (IV) oil palm clones, and (v) biotechnology application. (Author)

  10. Pro nuclear power - is it a decision governed by reason and common sense

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kreuzer, P.; Koslowski, P.; Loew, R.

    1982-01-01

    The articles contributed to this book deal with the following topics: Safety of nuclear reactors - Radiation exposure and the radiation hazard to the population - Nuclear power and preventive measures - Nuclear waste - Nuclear power and terrorism - Energy supply and nuclear power, a discussion from the economic point of view - What is a nuclear society. - Is the decision pro nuclear power compatible with a free and democratic constitution. - Nuclear power and the social system - Prospects of a transitional development towards a future without nuclear power - Nuclear power as problem in practical philosophy. The authors according to the order of the titles mentioned are as follows: von Ehrenstein, Gofmann, Jacobi, Koslowski, Lippschutz, Gaul, Frey, Meyer-Abich, Altner, Hofmann, Weinberg, Spaemann. (orig./HP) [de

  11. Effects of Sex and Stress on Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain-Like Behavior in Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczeniewska, Olga Anna; Khan, Junad; Tao, Yuanxiang; Eliav, Eli; Benoliel, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    To investigate the effects and interactions of sex and stress (provoked by chronic restraint [RS]) on pain-like behavior in a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain. The effects of sex and RS (carried out for 14 days as a model for stress) on somatosensory measures (reaction to pinprick, von Frey threshold) in a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain were examined. The study design was 2 × 4, with surgery (pain) and sham surgery (no pain) interacting with male restrained (RS) and unrestrained (nRS) rats and female RS and nRS rats. A total of 64 Sprague Dawley rats (32 males and 32 females) were used. Half of the animals in each sex group underwent RS, and the remaining half were left unstressed. Following the RS period, trigeminal neuropathic pain was induced by unilateral infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (IOCCI). Half of the animals in the RS group and half in the nRS group (both males and females) were exposed to IOCCI, and the remaining halves to sham surgery. Elevated plus maze (EPM) assessment and plasma interferon gamma (IFN-γ) levels were used to measure the effects of RS. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to assess the effects of stress, sex, and their interactions on plasma IFN-γ levels, changes in body weight, EPM parameters, tactile allodynia, and mechanohyperalgesia. Pairwise comparisons were performed by using Tukey post hoc test corrected for multiple comparisons. Both male and female RS rats showed significantly altered exploratory behavior (as measured by EPM) and had significantly lower plasma IFN-γ levels than nRS rats. Rats exposed to RS gained weight significantly slower than the nRS rats, irrespective of sex. Following RS but before surgery, RS rats showed significant bilateral reductions in von Frey thresholds and significantly increased pinprick response difference scores compared to nRS rats, irrespective of sex. From 17 days postsurgery, RSIOCCI rats showed significantly reduced von Frey thresholds and

  12. Therapists' causal attributions of clients' problems and selection of intervention strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royce, W S; Muehlke, C V

    1991-04-01

    Therapists' choices of intervention strategies are influenced by many factors, including judgments about the bases of clients' problems. To assess the relationships between such causal attributions and the selection of intervention strategies, 196 counselors, psychologists, and social workers responded to the written transcript of a client's interview by answering two questionnaires, a 1982 scale (Causal Dimension Scale by Russell) which measured causal attribution of the client's problem, and another which measured preference for emotional, rational, and active intervention strategies in dealing with the client, based on the 1979 E-R-A taxonomy of Frey and Raming. A significant relationship was found between the two sets of variables, with internal attributions linked to rational intervention strategies and stable attributions linked to active strategies. The results support Halleck's 1978 hypothesis that theories of psychotherapy tie interventions to etiological considerations.

  13. Data Stream Clustering With Affinity Propagation

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Xiangliang; Furtlehner, Cyril; Germain-Renaud, Cecile; Sebag, Michele

    2014-01-01

    Data stream clustering provides insights into the underlying patterns of data flows. This paper focuses on selecting the best representatives from clusters of streaming data. There are two main challenges: how to cluster with the best representatives and how to handle the evolving patterns that are important characteristics of streaming data with dynamic distributions. We employ the Affinity Propagation (AP) algorithm presented in 2007 by Frey and Dueck for the first challenge, as it offers good guarantees of clustering optimality for selecting exemplars. The second challenging problem is solved by change detection. The presented StrAP algorithm combines AP with a statistical change point detection test; the clustering model is rebuilt whenever the test detects a change in the underlying data distribution. Besides the validation on two benchmark data sets, the presented algorithm is validated on a real-world application, monitoring the data flow of jobs submitted to the EGEE grid.

  14. Antiallodynic Effect of Herbal Medicine Yokukansan on Peripheral Neuropathy in Rats with Chronic Constriction Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyuki Suzuki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Yokukansan, one of the traditional Japanese herbal medicines, ameliorated neuropathic pain symptoms in patients. In this study, we investigated the effects of yokukansan on neuropathic pain in chronic constriction injury (CCI model. Oral administration of yokukansan significantly inhibited mechanical and cold allodynia in the von Frey hair or acetone test, respectively. In comparison, amitriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant, demonstrated moderate, but not significant, antiallodynic effects in the mechanical and cold tests. Yokukansan significantly inhibited the cerebrospinal fluid dialysate level of glutamate that had increased by the stimulation of brush or acetone. Glutamate transporter inhibitors, DL-threo-beta-hydroxy aspartate and dihydrokainate, decreased the yokukansan-induced antiallodynic actions in CCI rats. Our results suggest that yokukansan was confirmed to have antiallodynic effects in CCI rats, which are related to a blockade of glutamatergic neurotransmission via activation of glutamate transporters in the spinal cord.

  15. Data Stream Clustering With Affinity Propagation

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Xiangliang

    2014-07-09

    Data stream clustering provides insights into the underlying patterns of data flows. This paper focuses on selecting the best representatives from clusters of streaming data. There are two main challenges: how to cluster with the best representatives and how to handle the evolving patterns that are important characteristics of streaming data with dynamic distributions. We employ the Affinity Propagation (AP) algorithm presented in 2007 by Frey and Dueck for the first challenge, as it offers good guarantees of clustering optimality for selecting exemplars. The second challenging problem is solved by change detection. The presented StrAP algorithm combines AP with a statistical change point detection test; the clustering model is rebuilt whenever the test detects a change in the underlying data distribution. Besides the validation on two benchmark data sets, the presented algorithm is validated on a real-world application, monitoring the data flow of jobs submitted to the EGEE grid.

  16. Isolation of Mycoplasma gallopavonis from free-ranging wild turkeys in coastal North Carolina seropositive and culture-negative for Mycoplasma gallisepticum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, D T; Ley, D H; Doerr, P D

    1992-01-01

    Serum samples and choanal cleft swabs were collected from livetrapped and hunter killed wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) from Martin and Bertie counties, North Carolina (USA). Sera were tested for antibodies to Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae and Mycoplasma meleagridis by hemagglutination inhibition (HI). Sera from 33% (five of 15) of livetrapped turkeys were positive for antibodies to M. gallisepticum by HI, and all were negative for antibodies to M. synoviae and M. meleagridis. Choanal cleft swabs from 22 livertrapped and five hunter killed wild turkeys cultured in Frey's broth medium resulted in 23 mycoplasma isolations. Using direct immunofluorescence, 74% (17/23) were M. gallopavonis, and 26% (six of 23) were unidentified; no isolate was identified as M. gallisepticum, M. synoviae or M. meleagridis.

  17. Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part III: victims of the Third Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2012-11-01

    In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate neuroscientists survived Nazi concentration camps, but most were murdered. We discuss the circumstances and environment which stripped these neuroscientists of their profession, then of their personal rights and freedom, and then of their lives. We include a background analysis of anti-Semitism and Nazism in their various countries, then discuss in depth seven exemplary neuroscientist Holocaust victims; including Germans Ludwig Pick, Arthur Simons, and Raphael Weichbrodt, Austrians Alexander Spitzer and Viktor Frankl, and Poles Lucja Frey and Wladyslaw Sterling. by recognizing and remembering these victims of neuroscience, we pay homage and do not allow humanity to forget, lest this dark period in history ever repeat itself.

  18. Vendor-derived differences in injury-induced pain phenotype and pharmacology of Sprague-Dawley rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, P J; Heegaard, A M; Kristensen, Sara Hestehave

    2017-01-01

    's adjuvant (CFA) hindpaw inflammation was induced in male SD rats sourced from three to four different vendors, respectively. Neuropathic hypersensitivity was evaluated over 58 days using von Frey filaments, pinprick stimulation and the hot plate test. Pharmacological sensitivity was evaluated by treatment...... with gabapentin (100 mg/kg, p.o.) or morphine (3 mg/kg, s.c.). CFA-induced hyperalgesia and sensitivity to morphine (0.3-6 mg/kg, s.c.) was measured using a digital Randall-Selitto device. In addition, paw weight gain was used as an index of peripheral oedema. RESULTS: Significant differences between the vendor...... to gabapentin varied enormously, the response to morphine was both robust and much more consistent between sub-strains. Despite a similar degree of CFA-induced hypersensitivity, the paw oedema level differed between sub-strains. Here, morphine dose-dependently alleviated the CFA-induced hypersensitivity...

  19. [Expressions of neuropathic pain-related proteins in the spinal cord dorsal horn in rats with bilateral chronic constriction injury].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Le; Li, Xu; Wang, Hai-tang; Yu, Xue-rong; Huang, Yu-guang

    2013-12-01

    To evaluate the pain-related behavioral changes in rats with bilateral chronic constriction injury(bCCI)and identify the expressions of neuropathic pain-related proteins. The bCCI models were established by ligating the sciatic nerves in female Sprague Dawley rats. Both mechanical hyperalgesia and cold hyperalgesia were evaluated through electronic von Frey and acetone method. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry was applied to characterize the differentially expressed proteins. Both mechanical withdrawal threshold and cold hyperalgesia threshold decreased significantly on the postoperative day 7 and 14, when compared with na ve or sham rats(P <0.05). Twenty five differentially expressed proteins associated with bilateral CCI were discovered, with eighteen of them were upregulated and seven of them downregulated. The bCCT rats have remarkably decreased mechanical and cold hyperalgesia thresholds. Twenty five neuropathic pain-related proteins are found in the spinal cord dorsal horn.

  20. CENTRAL SENSITIZATION AND MEDICATION IN SPINAL CORD INJURED IN-PATIENTS. A CROSS-SECTIONAL CLINICAL STUDY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, A; Kasch, Helge

    Background and aims: A major proportion of spinal cord injured subjects (SCIS) suffers from chronic pain. A majority with neuropathic pain, being: shooting, burning and stabbing. Neurological examination reveals signs of central sensitization (CS) e.g. allodynia and hyperalgesia. CS plays...... an important role in maintained neuropathic pain conditions and may lead to or be induced by analgesics. Medication-overuse-headaches (MOH) alter CNS pain processing systems, and the situation is reversed after discontinuation of headache medication. Aim: To determine the occurrence of CS and conditions...... pressure algometry, Von Frey filaments and pinprick test. Patients fulfill McGill Pain Questionnaire and the International SCI pain data-set. All participants undergo examination of the Pressure Pain Detection Threshold, Pressure Pain Tolerance Threshold, Mechanical Detection Threshold, and Wind...

  1. Earlier surgery improves outcomes from painful chronic pancreatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Nengwen; Jia, Dan; Huang, Wei; Nunes, Quentin M.; Windsor, John A.; Liu, Xubao; Sutton, Robert

    2018-01-01

    Abstract The timing of surgery for painful chronic pancreatitis (CP) may affect outcomes. Clinical course, Izbicki pain scores, and pancreatic function were retrospectively compared and analyzed between patients undergoing either early or late surgery (pancreatic mass +/− ductal dilatation (47% vs 27%, P insufficiency (60% vs 72%, P = .034); there were no other significant differences. The early group had longer hospital stay (14.4 vs 12.2 days, P = .009), but no difference in complications. Significantly greater pain relief followed early surgery (complete 69% vs 47%, partial 22% vs 37%, none 8% vs 16%, P = .01) with lower rates of exocrine (60% vs 80%, P = .005) and endocrine insufficiency (36% vs 53%, P = .033). Our data indicate that early surgery results in higher rates of pain relief and pancreatic sufficiency than late surgery for chronic pancreatitis patients. Frey and Berne procedures showed better results than other surgical procedures. PMID:29742705

  2. THE ASIATIC SPECIES OF LINDENBERGIA Lehm. (Scrophulariaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. PRIJANTO*

    1969-03-01

    Full Text Available Lindenbergia is represented in Asia by 7 species. Based on the hairiness oftheir ovaries L. muraria (Roxb. Briihl (= L. urticifolia Lehm. and L. indica(L. Vatke (= L. polyantha Benth. are reinstated as distinct species. I followBentham in including Lindenbergia in the tribe Gratioleae.Objection to the use of the aestivation of corolla as the only positivecharacter for distinguishing subfamilies of the Scrophulariaceae is put forward;it is shown that several genera (Lindenbergia, Isoplexis, Lagotis, Erinus, Frey-linia,, Phygelius and Mimulus considered to belong to one subfamily actuallyhave the aestivation character of the other subfamily.The occurrence of resupinatton of the flower in Dopatrium juncewm (Roxb.Buch.-Ham. ex Benth. is recorded for the first time.

  3. Long term treatment with gabapentin in an animal model of chronic neuropathic pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baastrup, C. S.; Andrews, N.; Wegener, Gregers

    2013-01-01

    . Daily treatment with gabapentin 30 mg/kg sc. or saline for 6 consecutive weeks. Mechanical sensitivity thresholds (MST) to von Frey stimulation of hindpaws and thorax measured by both reflex withdrawal and supra-spinal responses. Anxiety-like behaviour using the openfield paradigm. Drug effect...... was measured after initial dose, 1 and 6 weeks of treatment. Preliminary results show that saline-treated SCC animals (N=10) have significantly lower MST with supra-spinal responses on the thorax compared to saline-treated shams (N=10), and gabapentin-treated SCC (N=10) and sham animals (N=10) throughout...... the study. The SCC animals had significantly decreased MST with reflex responses on the hindpaws in the two first time points compared with gabapentin-treated SCC animals (and both sham groups). There was no effect of injury on the MST with supra-spinal responses on the hindpaws and thus no effect...

  4. Comparison of skin sensory thresholds using pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jong Ho

    2015-12-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to compare the sensory thresholds of healthy subjects using pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. [Subjects] Ninety healthy adult subjects were randomly assigned to pre-programmed or single-frequency stimulation groups, each consisting of 45 participants. [Methods] Sensory thresholds were measured in the participants' forearms using von Frey filaments before and after pre-programmed or single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and the result in values were analyzed. [Results] Significant increases in sensory threshold after stimulation were observed in both groups. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in sensory thresholds after stimulation or in the magnitude of threshold increases following stimulation. [Conclusion] Our results show that there are no differences between sensory threshold increases induced by pre-programmed and single-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

  5. The use of platelet-rich plasma gel in patients with mixed tumour undergoing superficial parotidectomy: a randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scala, Marco; Mereu, Paola; Spagnolo, Francesco; Massa, Michela; Barla, Annalisa; Mosci, Sofia; Forno, Gilberto; Ingenito, Andra; Strada, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    Salivary gland tumors are mostly benign tumors. Whether a more conservative surgical approach at greater risk of recurrence, or a more radical intervention with an increased risk of facial paralysis is warranted is still under discussion. Our study addresses the opportunity for improving surgical outcome by employing platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel at the surgical site. Twenty consecutive patients undergoing superficial parotidectomy were randomized and assigned to two groups, one with and one without PRP gel. Many parameters were evaluated after surgery and during follow-up, such as the duration of hospitalization, facial nerve deficit, onset of Frey's syndrome, relapse, cosmetic results, presence of keloid or scar depressions, behavior of several facial muscles. Our explorative analysis suggests a positive effect of PRP on surgical outcome in patients undergoing parotidectomy, whereas no negative effects were detected. This work suggests that administration of PRP in patients undergoing parotidectomy is beneficial.

  6. Multidetector CT evaluation of the postoperative pancreas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, Fernando I; Ortega, Cinthia D; Blasbalg, Roberto; Rocha, Manoel S; Jukemura, José; Cerri, Giovanni G

    2012-01-01

    Several pancreatic diseases may require surgical treatment, with most of these procedures classified as resection or drainage. Resection procedures, which are usually performed to remove pancreatic tumors, include pancreatoduodenectomy, central pancreatectomy, distal pancreatectomy, and total pancreatectomy. Drainage procedures are usually performed to treat chronic pancreatitis after the failure of medical therapy and include the Puestow and Frey procedures. The type of surgery depends not only on the patient's symptoms and the location of the disease, but also on the expertise of the surgeon. Radiologists should become familiar with these surgical procedures to better understand postoperative changes in anatomic findings. Multidetector computed tomography is the modality of choice for identifying normal findings after surgery, postoperative complications, and tumor recurrence in patients who have undergone pancreatic surgery. RSNA, 2012

  7. Third International Conference on Complex Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Minai, Ali A; Unifying Themes in Complex Systems

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standing questions in biology, ecology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. The Third International Conference on Complex Systems attracted over 400 researchers from around the world. The conference aimed to encourage cross-fertilization between the many disciplines represented and to deepen our understanding of the properties common to all complex systems. This volume contains selected transcripts from presentations given at the conference. Speakers include: Chris Adami, Kenneth Arrow, Michel Baranger, Dan Braha, Timothy Buchman, Michael Caramanis, Kathleen Carley, Greg Chaitin, David Clark, Jack Cohen, Jim Collins, George Cowan, Clay Easterly, Steven Eppinger, Irving Epstein, Dan Frey, Ary Goldberger, Helen Harte, Leroy Hood, Don Ingber, Atlee Jackson,...

  8. Abnormalities of somatosensory perception in patients with painful osteoarthritis normalize following successful treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosek, E; Ordeberg, G

    2000-01-01

    To investigate the effect of chronic nociceptive pain on somatosensory perception, quantitative sensibility testing was performed in the most painful area and the homologous contralateral side in 14 patients with painful osteoarthritis of the hip. Twelve patients were reassessed in a painfree state 6-14 months following surgery. Von Frey filaments were used to test low-threshold mechanoreceptive function. Pressure pain sensitivity was assessed with a pressure algometer and thermal sensitivity with a Thermotest. Sex- and age-matched controls were examined in the corresponding areas at similar time intervals. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in the sensitivity to light touch and innocuous cold in either session. Compared to controls, patients had increased sensitivity to pressure pain in the most painful area (p pain (ppain (p = 0.054) before surgery. In the painful area, patients' sensitivity to pressure pain decreased (p pain. Copyright 2000 European Federation of Chapters of the International Association for the Study of Pain.

  9. Governance arrangements for IT project portfolio management qualitative insights and a quantitative modeling approach

    CERN Document Server

    Frey, Thorsten

    2014-01-01

    Due to the growing importance of IT-based innovations, contemporary firms face an excessive number of proposals for IT projects. As typically only a fraction of these projects can be implemented with the given capacity, IT project portfolio management as a relatively new discipline has received growing attention in research and practice in recent years.?Thorsten Frey demonstrates how companies are struggling to find the right balance between local autonomy and central overview about all projects in the organization. In this context, impacts of different contextual factors on the design of governance arrangements for IT project portfolio management are demonstrated. Moreover, consequences of the use of different organizational designs are analyzed. The author presents insights from a qualitative empirical study as well as a simulative approach.

  10. Considérations sur l’infrastructure du Yémen1

    OpenAIRE

    Escher, Hermann A.

    2013-01-01

    1. LE TERME INFRASTRUCTURE Depuis quinze ans environ, on emploie de plus en plus fréquemment le terme « infrastructure » dans les discussions politiques et économiques. Il joue un rôle important dans toutes les considérations qui ont trait aux problèmes de développement des pays du tiers monde et des pays industrialisés. Il s’ensuit qu’il est le sujet de nombreux traités. Il n’est pas opportun de retracer ici l’évolution de ce terme et d’en présenter différentes définitions (voir Frey, 1979)....

  11. Sewage impact on the composition and distribution of Polychaeta associated to intertidal mussel beds of the Mar del Plata rocky shore, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elías Rodolfo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The polychaete composition and distribution within mussel beds were studied in order to assess organic pollution due to domestic sewage in a rocky shore of Mar del Plata (Argentina during 1997. Four stations and a control site were randomly sampled around the local effluent. Quantitative data on polychaetes, as well as sediment accumulated among mussels and its organic carbon content were measured. Polychaete distribution patterns are related to the organic matter gradient, being Capitella cf. capitata, Neanthes succinea (Frey & Leuckart, 1847 and Boccardia polybranchia (Haswell, 1885 the dominant indicator species close to the effluent. At medial distances, the cirratulids Caulleriella alata (Southern, 1914 and Cirratulus cirratus (Müller, 1776 are very important in abundance. The syllids Syllis prolixa Ehlers, 1901 and S. gracilis Grube, 1840 are distributed along the study area, but dominate at the medial stations and at the control site. The orbiniid Protoariciella uncinata Hartmann-Schröder, 1962 is subdominant at the control station.

  12. Effects of fluoxetine on changes of pain sensitivity in chronic stress model rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Yan-Na; Chang, Jin-Long; Lu, Qi; Wang, Yi; Zhang, Ying; Zhang, Feng-Min

    2017-06-09

    Exposure to stress could facilitate or inhibit pain responses (stress-induced hyperalgesia or hypoalgesia, respectively). Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor antidepressant. There have been contradictory reports on whether fluoxetine produces antinociceptive effects. The purpose of this study was to elucidate changes in pain sensitivity after chronic stress exposure, and the effects of fluoxetine on these changes. We measured thermal, mechanical, and formalin-induced acute and inflammatory pain by using the tail-flick, von Frey, and formalin tests respectively. The results showed that rats exposed to chronic stress exhibited thermal and formalin-induced acute and inflammatory hypoalgesia and transient mechanical hyperalgesia. Furthermore, fluoxetine promoted hypoalgesia in thermal and inflammatory pain and induced mechanical hyperalgesia. Our results indicate that the 5-HT system could be involved in hypoalgesia of thermal and inflammatory pain and induce transient mechanical hyperalgesia after stress exposure. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Contemporary management of benign parotid tumours - the increasing evidence for extracapsular dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, P A; Ammar, M; Matharu, J

    2017-01-01

    Benign parotid tumours have historically often been managed surgically by superficial parotidectomy. While this approach usually gives a generous cuff of surrounding normal parotid tissue to increase tumour margins, it requires a much larger incision than the increasingly used extracapsular dissection (ECD) technique. Furthermore, superficial parotidectomy can result in marked facial hollowing, Frey syndrome and an increased risk of both temporary and permanent facial nerve weakness. ECD has been popularised as a safe alternative to parotidectomy primarily for the removal of mobile, benign parotid tumours with safe outcomes and reduced risk to the facial nerve. In this article, we review the growing body of evidence for ECD and include our own experience confirming the move away from superficial parotidectomy in contemporary practice for the treatment of benign parotid tumours. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. PerformAge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Tine

    2012-01-01

    are constituted as experts on aging. In the humanistic model of aging, the aging self becomes the expert on the process of becoming of age. Thi sconflicting aspect of the discursive battlefield on aging will be elaborated in the framework of PerformAge and understood as a temporal and spatial theorising of aging......: the poetics of aging. Making the lived experience the centrepiece of this paper, poetic representations of aging lives (Laurel Richardson, 1991, 1992) will articulate subjectively felt experiences in social encounters between people performing age. In writing the social (Dorothy E. Smith, 1999) encounters, I...... as a researcher perform age in the process of figuring the possible age performativities as subject positioning performativity (Judith Butler, 1995) in the social encounters and textualized in poetic representations. Inspired by the work on Reifungsromane (Barbara Frey Waxman, 1990), I do not want to paint...

  15. Preemptive effects of epidural s (+ - ketamine or ketamine in the horse's postincisional pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Oleskovicz

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre-emptive effect of epidural ketamine S (+ (SK or racemic ketamine (RK administration, in post-incisional pain in horses. Were used in a blinded, randomized experimental study, sixteen mixed breed mares, 6±2 years old, weighting 273.2±42.0 kg. An epidural catheter was inserted 24 hours before the trials. The thigh region was shaved bilaterally, and mechanical cutaneous sensibility was measured using von Frey filaments (T-30. Using the left side as the control one, local anesthesia was performed at the right side. Twenty-five minutes later, SK was injected in G1 or RK in G2 through the epidural catheter. Five minutes after the ketamine injection, a 10 cm skin incision was made on the right side, and then sutured. Mechanical post-incisional pain was measured using von Frey filaments, at 1, 3 and 5 cm around the incision at 15 minutes intervals, for 2 hours, then 4, 6 and 8 hours after suturing. No changes were observed in the heart and respiratory rate and rectal temperature among groups or times of each group. Hind limb ataxia was observed in 62.5% and 12.5% of G1 and G2 respectively. SK and RK reduced cutaneous sensibility in the right and the left sides to mechanical postincisional pain during all time of experiment. Epidural SK and RK produce similar post-incisional analgesic effects, did not interfere in the cardio-respiratory parameters. The SK induces more intense ataxia in mares and presents a larger analgesic potency in the first 60 minutes after the administration.

  16. Outcome, general, and symptom-specific quality of life after various types of parotid resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciuman, Raphael Richard; Oels, Wolfgang; Jaussi, Rolf; Dost, Philipp

    2012-06-01

    To document the outcome and impact on general and symptom-specific quality of life (QOL) after various types of parotid resection. General and symptom-specific QOL assessment at least 1 year after performed surgery. Retrospective data and outcome analysis of patients. Between 2004 and 2010, 353 parotid resections in 337 patients were conducted at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Teaching Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital Gelsenkirchen, Gelsenkirchen, Germany. A total of 196 patients fit the inclusion criteria and were available for postoperative evaluation. The general QOL assessment was based on both the global health status and global QOL scales of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality-of-Life Questionnaire in 34 patients. Symptom-specific QOL was assessed with the Parotidectomy Outcome Inventory-8 (POI-8). In addition, aesthetic outcome was evaluated with an ordinal scale. Outcome of parotidectomies in benign disease has little impact on general QOL and global health status. However, hypoesthesia or dysesthesia, Frey's syndrome, and cosmetic discontent are quite common and may affect symptom-specific and general QOL. Correlation with extent of surgery and statistically significant differences of patient evaluation for aesthetic outcome, sensory impairment, and Frey's syndrome between various types of limited parotid surgery (enucleation, extracapsular dissection, partial superficial parotidectomy) and superficial parotidectomy could be shown. An adequate parotid resection technique must be chosen to achieve the least disturbing outcome. In addition, in our patient collective, there was no increased recurrence rate found after limited parotid resection for pleomorphic adenoma or cystadenolymphoma. Copyright © 2012 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

  17. Characterization of nociceptive response to chemical, mechanical, and thermal stimuli in adolescent rats with neonatal dopamine depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, M; Noda, K; Akita, H; Ishibashi, H

    2015-03-19

    Rats with dopamine depletion caused by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) treatment during adulthood and the neonatal period exhibit akinetic motor activity and spontaneous motor hyperactivity during adolescence, respectively, indicating that the behavioral effects of dopamine depletion depend on the period of lesion development. Dopamine depletion during adulthood induces hyperalgesic response to mechanical, thermal, and/or chemical stimuli, whereas the effects of neonatal dopamine depletion on nociceptive response in adolescent rats are yet to be examined. The latter aspect was addressed in this study, and behavioral responses were examined using von-Frey, tail flick, and formalin tests. The formalin test revealed that rats with neonatal dopamine depletion exhibited a significant increase in nociceptive response during interphase (6-15min post formalin injection) and phase 2 (16-75min post formalin injection). This increase in nociceptive response to the formalin injection was not reversed by pretreatment with methamphetamine, which ameliorates motor hyperactivity observed in adolescent rats with neonatal 6-OHDA treatment. The von-Frey filament and tail flick tests failed to reveal significant differences in withdrawal thresholds between neonatal 6-OHDA-treated and vehicle-treated rats. The spinal neuronal response to the formalin injection into the rat hind paw was also examined through immunohistochemical analysis of c-Fos protein. Significantly increased numbers of c-Fos-immunoreactive cells were observed in laminae I-II and V-VI of the ipsilateral spinal cord to the site of the formalin injection in rats with neonatal dopamine depletion compared with vehicle-treated rats. These results suggest that the dopaminergic neural system plays a crucial role in the development of a neural network for tonic pain, including the spinal neural circuit for nociceptive transmission, and that the mechanism underlying hyperalgesia to tonic pain is not always consistent with that of

  18. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) neuromodulatory effects on mechanical hyperalgesia and cortical BDNF levels in ovariectomized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva Moreira, Sônia Fátima; Medeiros, Liciane Fernandes; de Souza, Andressa; de Oliveira, Carla; Scarabelot, Vanessa Leal; Fregni, Felipe; Caumo, Wolnei; Torres, Iraci L S

    2016-01-15

    Epidemiological studies show that painful disorders are more prevalent in women than in men, and the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technique has been tested in chronic pain states. We explored the effect of tDCS on pain behavior and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in ovariectomized rats. Forty-five female Wistar adult rats were distributed into five groups: control (CT), ovariectomy + tDCS (OT), ovariectomy + sham tDCS (OS), sham ovariectomy + tDCS (ST), and sham ovariectomy+shamtDCS (SS). The rats were subjected to cathodal tDCS. The vaginal cytology and the estradiol levels confirmed the hormonal status. In addition, nociceptive behavior was evaluated using the tail-flick, von Frey, and hot-plate tests, as well as the BDNF levels in the serum, hypothalamus, hippocampus, spinal cord, and cerebral cortex. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) or two-way ANOVA was used for statistical analysis, followed by the Bonferroni, and P-value b 0.05 was considered significant. The ovariectomized animals presented a hypersensitivity response in the hot-plate (P b 0.01) and von Frey (P b 0.05) tests, as well as increased serum BDNF (P b 0.05) and decreased hypothalamic BDNF (P b 0.01) levels. The OT, OS, ST, and SS groups showed decreased hippocampal BDNF levels as compared with the control group (P b 0.001). The interaction between tDCS and ovariectomy on the cortical BDNF levels (P b 0.01) was observed. The ovariectomy induced nociceptive hypersensitivity and altered serum and hypothalamic BDNF levels. The cathodal tDCS partially reversed nociceptive hypersensitivity.

  19. High-frequency electroacupuncture versus carprofen in an incisional pain model in rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teixeira, F.M.; Castro, L.L.; Ferreira, R.T.; Pires, P.A.; Vanderlinde, F.A.; Medeiros, M.A. [Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-08-24

    The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and carprofen (CP) on postoperative incisional pain using the plantar incision (PI) model in rats. A 1-cm longitudinal incision was made through skin, fascia and muscles of a hind paw of male Wistar rats and the development of mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity was determined over 4 days using the von Frey and Hargreaves methods, respectively. Based on the experimental treatments received on the third postoperative day, the animals were divided into the following groups: PI+CP (CP, 2 mg/kg, po); PI+EAST36 (100-Hz EA applied bilaterally at the Zusanli point (ST36)); PI+EANP (EA applied to a non-acupoint region); PI+IMMO (immobilization only); PI (vehicle). In the von Frey test, the PI+EAST36 group had higher withdrawal force thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli than the PI, PI+IMMO and PI+EANP groups at several times studied. Furthermore, the PI+EAST36 group showed paw withdrawal thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli that were similar to those of the PI+CP group. In the Hargreaves test, all groups had latencies higher than those observed with PI. The PI+EAST36 group was similar to the PI+IMMO, PI+EANP and PI+CP groups. We conclude that 100-Hz EA at the ST36 point, but not at non-acupoints, can reduce mechanical nociception in the rat model of incisional pain, and its effectiveness is comparable to that of carprofen.

  20. Grip strength in mice with joint inflammation: A rheumatology function test sensitive to pain and analgesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montilla-García, Ángeles; Tejada, Miguel Á; Perazzoli, Gloria; Entrena, José M; Portillo-Salido, Enrique; Fernández-Segura, Eduardo; Cañizares, Francisco J; Cobos, Enrique J

    2017-10-01

    Grip strength deficit is a measure of pain-induced functional disability in rheumatic disease. We tested whether this parameter and tactile allodynia, the standard pain measure in preclinical studies, show parallels in their response to analgesics and basic mechanisms. Mice with periarticular injections of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the ankles showed periarticular immune infiltration and synovial membrane alterations, together with pronounced grip strength deficits and tactile allodynia measured with von Frey hairs. However, inflammation-induced tactile allodynia lasted longer than grip strength alterations, and therefore did not drive the functional deficits. Oral administration of the opioid drugs oxycodone (1-8 mg/kg) and tramadol (10-80 mg/kg) induced a better recovery of grip strength than acetaminophen (40-320 mg/kg) or the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs ibuprofen (10-80 mg/kg) or celecoxib (40-160 mg/kg); these results are consistent with their analgesic efficacy in humans. Functional impairment was generally a more sensitive indicator of drug-induced analgesia than tactile allodynia, as drug doses that attenuated grip strength deficits showed little or no effect on von Frey thresholds. Finally, ruthenium red (a nonselective TRP antagonist) or the in vivo ablation of TRPV1-expressing neurons with resiniferatoxin abolished tactile allodynia without altering grip strength deficits, indicating that the neurobiology of tactile allodynia and grip strength deficits differ. In conclusion, grip strength deficits are due to a distinct type of pain that reflects an important aspect of the human pain experience, and therefore merits further exploration in preclinical studies to improve the translation of new analgesics from bench to bedside. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  1. High-frequency electroacupuncture versus carprofen in an incisional pain model in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.M. Teixeira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA and carprofen (CP on postoperative incisional pain using the plantar incision (PI model in rats. A 1-cm longitudinal incision was made through skin, fascia and muscles of a hind paw of male Wistar rats and the development of mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity was determined over 4 days using the von Frey and Hargreaves methods, respectively. Based on the experimental treatments received on the third postoperative day, the animals were divided into the following groups: PI+CP (CP, 2 mg/kg, po; PI+EAST36 (100-Hz EA applied bilaterally at the Zusanli point (ST36; PI+EANP (EA applied to a non-acupoint region; PI+IMMO (immobilization only; PI (vehicle. In the von Frey test, the PI+EAST36 group had higher withdrawal force thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli than the PI, PI+IMMO and PI+EANP groups at several times studied. Furthermore, the PI+EAST36 group showed paw withdrawal thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli that were similar to those of the PI+CP group. In the Hargreaves test, all groups had latencies higher than those observed with PI. The PI+EAST36 group was similar to the PI+IMMO, PI+EANP and PI+CP groups. We conclude that 100-Hz EA at the ST36 point, but not at non-acupoints, can reduce mechanical nociception in the rat model of incisional pain, and its effectiveness is comparable to that of carprofen.

  2. High-frequency electroacupuncture versus carprofen in an incisional pain model in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teixeira, F.M.; Castro, L.L.; Ferreira, R.T.; Pires, P.A.; Vanderlinde, F.A.; Medeiros, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and carprofen (CP) on postoperative incisional pain using the plantar incision (PI) model in rats. A 1-cm longitudinal incision was made through skin, fascia and muscles of a hind paw of male Wistar rats and the development of mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity was determined over 4 days using the von Frey and Hargreaves methods, respectively. Based on the experimental treatments received on the third postoperative day, the animals were divided into the following groups: PI+CP (CP, 2 mg/kg, po); PI+EAST36 (100-Hz EA applied bilaterally at the Zusanli point (ST36)); PI+EANP (EA applied to a non-acupoint region); PI+IMMO (immobilization only); PI (vehicle). In the von Frey test, the PI+EAST36 group had higher withdrawal force thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli than the PI, PI+IMMO and PI+EANP groups at several times studied. Furthermore, the PI+EAST36 group showed paw withdrawal thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli that were similar to those of the PI+CP group. In the Hargreaves test, all groups had latencies higher than those observed with PI. The PI+EAST36 group was similar to the PI+IMMO, PI+EANP and PI+CP groups. We conclude that 100-Hz EA at the ST36 point, but not at non-acupoints, can reduce mechanical nociception in the rat model of incisional pain, and its effectiveness is comparable to that of carprofen

  3. High-frequency electroacupuncture versus carprofen in an incisional pain model in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, F M; Castro, L L; Ferreira, R T; Pires, P A; Vanderlinde, F A; Medeiros, M A

    2012-12-01

    The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and carprofen (CP) on postoperative incisional pain using the plantar incision (PI) model in rats. A 1-cm longitudinal incision was made through skin, fascia and muscles of a hind paw of male Wistar rats and the development of mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity was determined over 4 days using the von Frey and Hargreaves methods, respectively. Based on the experimental treatments received on the third postoperative day, the animals were divided into the following groups: PI+CP (CP, 2 mg/kg, po); PI+EAST36 (100-Hz EA applied bilaterally at the Zusanli point (ST36)); PI+EANP (EA applied to a non-acupoint region); PI+IMMO (immobilization only); PI (vehicle). In the von Frey test, the PI+EAST36 group had higher withdrawal force thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli than the PI, PI+IMMO and PI+EANP groups at several times studied. Furthermore, the PI+EAST36 group showed paw withdrawal thresholds in response to mechanical stimuli that were similar to those of the PI+CP group. In the Hargreaves test, all groups had latencies higher than those observed with PI. The PI+EAST36 group was similar to the PI+IMMO, PI+EANP and PI+CP groups. We conclude that 100-Hz EA at the ST36 point, but not at non-acupoints, can reduce mechanical nociception in the rat model of incisional pain, and its effectiveness is comparable to that of carprofen.

  4. Nitrous oxide (N(2)O) reduces postoperative opioid-induced hyperalgesia after remifentanil-propofol anaesthesia in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarría, G; Elgueta, F; Fierro, C; Bugedo, D; Faba, G; Iñiguez-Cuadra, R; Muñoz, H R; Cortínez, L I

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this study was to test if intraoperative administration of N(2)O during propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia prevented the onset of postoperative opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Fifty adult ASA I-II patients undergoing elective open septorhinoplasty under general anaesthesia were studied. Anaesthesia was with propofol, adjusted to bispectral index (40-50), and remifentanil (0.30 μg kg(-1) min(-1)). Patients were assigned to one of the two groups: with N(2)O (70%) and without N(2)O (100% oxygen). Mechanical pain thresholds were measured before surgery and 2 and 12-18 h after surgery. Pain measurements were performed on the arm using hand-held von Frey filaments. A non-parametric analysis of variance was used in the von Frey data analysis. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Baseline pain thresholds to mechanical stimuli were similar in both groups, with mean values of 69 [95% confidence interval (CI): 50.2, 95.1] g in the group without N(2)O and 71 (95% CI: 45.7, 112.1) g in the group with N(2)O. Postoperative pain scores and cumulative morphine consumption were similar between the groups. The analysis revealed a decrease in the threshold value in both groups. However, post hoc comparisons showed that at 12-18 h after surgery, the decrease in mechanical threshold was greater in the group without N(2)O than the group with N(2)O (post hoc analysis with Bonferroni's correction, P<0.05). Intraoperative 70% N(2)O administration significantly reduced postoperative OIH in patients receiving propofol-remifentanil anaesthesia.

  5. Electrophysiologic alterations in the excitability of the sciatic and vagus nerves during early stages of sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, Lúcio Ricardo Leite; Portella, Viviane Gomes; da Silva Alves, Kerly Shamira; Araújo, Pâmella Cristina da Costa; de Albuquerque Júnior, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti; Cavalcante de Albuquerque, Aline Alice; Coelho-de-Souza, Andrelina Noronha; Leal-Cardoso, José Henrique

    2018-01-01

    Nonspecific and delayed diagnosis of neurologic damage contributes to the development of neuropathies in patients with severe sepsis. The present study assessed the electrophysiologic parameters related to the excitability and conductibility of sciatic and vagus nerves during early stages of sepsis. Twenty-four hours after sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model, sciatic and vagus nerves of septic (CLP group) and control (sham group) rats were removed, and selected electric stimulations were applied to measure the parameters of the first and second components of the compound action potential. The first component originated from fibers with motor and sensory functions (Types A α and A β fibers) with a large conduction velocity (70-120 m/s), and the second component originated from fibers (Type A γ ) with sensorial function. To evaluate the presence of sensorial alterations, the sensitivity to non-noxious mechanical stimuli was measured by using the von Frey test. Hematoxylin and eosin staining of the nerves was performed. We observed an increase of rheobase followed by a decrease in the first component amplitude and a higher paw withdrawal threshold in response to the application of von Frey filaments in sciatic nerves from the CLP group compared to the sham group. Differently, a decrease in rheobase and an increase in the first component amplitude of vagal C fibers from CLP group were registered. No significant morphologic alteration was observed. Our data showed that the electrophysiologic alterations in peripheral nerves vary with the fiber type and might be identified in the first 24 h of sepsis, before clinical signs of neuromuscular disorders.

  6. Surgical Management of Benign Biliary Stricture in Chronic Pancreatitis: A Single-Center Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Sukanta; Ghatak, Supriyo; Das, Khaunish; Dasgupta, Jayanta; Ray, Sujay; Khamrui, Sujan; Sonar, Pankaj Kumar; Das, Somak

    2015-12-01

    Biliary stricture in chronic pancreatitis (CP) is not uncommon. Previously, all cases were managed by surgery. Nowadays, three important modes of treatment in these patients are observation, endoscopic therapy, and surgery. In the modern era, surgery is recommended only in a subset of patients who develop biliary symptoms or those who have asymptomatic biliary stricture and require surgery for intractable abdominal pain. We want to report on our experience regarding surgical management of CP-induced benign biliary stricture. Over a period of 5 years, we have managed 340 cases of CP at our institution. Bile duct stricture was found in 62 patients. But, surgical intervention was required in 44 patients, and the remaining 18 patients were managed conservatively. Demographic data, operative procedures, postoperative complications, and follow-up parameters of these patients were collected from our prospective database. A total 44 patients were operated for biliary obstruction in the background of CP. Three patients were excluded, so the final analysis was based on 41 patients. The indication for surgery was symptomatic biliary stricture in 27 patients and asymptomatic biliary stricture with intractable abdominal pain in 14 patients. The most commonly performed operation was Frey's procedure. There was no inhospital mortality. Thirty-five patients were well at a mean follow-up of 24.4 months (range 3 to 54 months). Surgery is still the best option for CP-induced benign biliary stricture, and Frey's procedure is a versatile operation unless you suspect malignancy as the cause of biliary obstruction.

  7. Distribution of O+ ions in the plasma sheet and locations of substorm onsets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ono, Y.; Christon, S. P.; Frey, H. U.; Lui, A. T. Y.

    2010-09-01

    We discuss the effect of O+ ions on substorm onsets by examining the relation between the substorm onset location and the distribution of the O+/H+ number density ratio before the onset in the various regions within the plasma sheet (-8 RE > XGSM > -32 RE). We use 9-212 keV/e ion flux data observed by Geotail/Energetic Particles and Ion Composition (EPIC)/Suprathermal Ion Composition Spectrometer (STICS) instrument and the IMAGE/Far Ultra-Violet (FUV) substorm onset list presented by Frey et al. [Frey, H. U., S. B. Mende, V. Angelopoulos, and E. F. Donovan (2004), Substorm onset observations by IMAGE-FUV, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A10304, doi:10.1029/2004JA010607]. The results are summarized as follows. Substorm onsets, which we identify by auroral initial brightenings, are likely to occur in the more dusk-(dawn-)ward region when the O+/H+ number density ratio is high in the dusk (dawn) side. This property is observed only in the near-Earth plasma sheet (at -8 RE > XGSM > -14 RE). The above-mentioned property holds in each of two groups: substorm events due to internal instability of the magnetosphere (i.e., internally triggered substorms) and events due to external changes in the solar wind or the interplanetary magnetic field (i.e., externally triggered substorms). Thus, we conclude that the substorm onset location depends on the density of O+ ions in the near-Earth plasma sheet prior to onset, whether the substorm is triggered internally or externally.

  8. Repeated touch and needle-prick stimulation in the neonatal period increases the baseline mechanical sensitivity and postinjury hypersensitivity of adult spinal sensory neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Hoogen, Nynke J; Patijn, Jacob; Tibboel, Dick; Joosten, Bert A; Fitzgerald, Maria; Kwok, Charlie H T

    2018-03-08

    Noxious stimulation at critical stages of development has long-term consequences on somatosensory processing in later life, but it is not known whether this developmental plasticity is restricted to nociceptive pathways. Here, we investigate the effect of repeated neonatal noxious or innocuous hind paw stimulation on adult spinal dorsal horn cutaneous mechanical sensitivity. Neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes received 4 unilateral left hind paw needle pricks (NPs, n = 13) or 4 tactile (cotton swab touch) stimuli, per day (TC, n = 11) for the first 7 days of life. Control pups were left undisturbed (n = 17). When adult (6-8 weeks), lumbar wide-dynamic-range neuron activity in laminae III-V was recorded using in vivo extracellular single-unit electrophysiology. Spike activity evoked by cutaneous dynamic tactile (brush), pinch and punctate (von Frey hair) stimulation, and plantar receptive field areas were recorded, at baseline and 2 and 5 days after left plantar hind paw incision. Baseline brush receptive fields, von Frey hair, and pinch sensitivity were significantly enhanced in adult NP and TC animals compared with undisturbed controls, although effects were greatest in NP rats. After incision, injury sensitivity of adult wide-dynamic-range neurons to both noxious and dynamic tactile hypersensitivity was significantly greater in NP animals compared with TC and undisturbed controls. We conclude that both repeated touch and needle-prick stimulation in the neonatal period can alter adult spinal sensory neuron sensitivity to both innocuous and noxious mechanical stimulation. Thus, spinal sensory circuits underlying touch and pain processing are shaped by a range of early-life somatosensory experiences.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

  9. Assessment of paclitaxel induced sensory polyneuropathy with "Catwalk" automated gait analysis in mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Huehnchen

    Full Text Available Neuropathic pain as a symptom of sensory nerve damage is a frequent side effect of chemotherapy. The most common behavioral observation in animal models of chemotherapy induced polyneuropathy is the development of mechanical allodynia, which is quantified with von Frey filaments. The data from one study, however, cannot be easily compared with other studies owing to influences of environmental factors, inter-rater variability and differences in test paradigms. To overcome these limitations, automated quantitative gait analysis was proposed as an alternative, but its usefulness for assessing animals suffering from polyneuropathy has remained unclear. In the present study, we used a novel mouse model of paclitaxel induced polyneuropathy to compare results from electrophysiology and the von Frey method to gait alterations measured with the Catwalk test. To mimic recently improved clinical treatment strategies of gynecological malignancies, we established a mouse model of dose-dense paclitaxel therapy on the common C57Bl/6 background. In this model paclitaxel treated animals developed mechanical allodynia as well as reduced caudal sensory nerve action potential amplitudes indicative of a sensory polyneuropathy. Gait analysis with the Catwalk method detected distinct alterations of gait parameters in animals suffering from sensory neuropathy, revealing a minimized contact of the hind paws with the floor. Treatment of mechanical allodynia with gabapentin improved altered dynamic gait parameters. This study establishes a novel mouse model for investigating the side effects of dose-dense paclitaxel therapy and underlines the usefulness of automated gait analysis as an additional easy-to-use objective test for evaluating painful sensory polyneuropathy.

  10. Safety and feasibility of the robotic platform in the management of surgical sequelae of chronic pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamad, Ahmad; Zenati, Mazen S; Nguyen, Trang K; Hogg, Melissa E; Zeh, Herbert J; Zureikat, Amer H

    2018-02-01

    The application of minimally invasive surgery to chronic pancreatitis (CP) procedures is uncommon. Our objective was to report the safety and feasibility of the robotic approach in the treatment of surgical sequelae of CP, and provide insights into the technique, tricks, and pitfalls associated with the application of robotics to this challenging disease entity. A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing robotic-assisted resections and/or drainage procedures for CP at the University of Pittsburgh between May 2009 and January 2017 was performed. A video of a robotic Frey procedure is also shown. Of 812 robotic pancreatic resections and reconstructions 39 were for CP indications. These included 11 total pancreatectomies [with and without auto islet transplantation], 8 Puestow procedures, 4 Frey procedures, 6 pancreaticoduodenectomies, and 10 distal pancreatectomies. Median age was 49, and 41% of the patients were female. The most common etiology for CP was idiopathic pancreatitis (n = 16, 46%). Median operative time was 324 min with a median estimated blood loss of 250 ml. None of the patients required conversion to laparotomy. A Clavien III-IV complication rate was experienced by 5 (13%) patients, including one reoperation. Excluding the eleven patients who underwent TP, rate of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula was 7% (Grade B = 2, Grade C = 0). No 30 or 90 day mortalities were recorded. The median length of hospital stay was 7 days. Use of the robotic platform is safe and feasible when tackling complex pancreatic resections for sequelae of chronic pancreatitis.

  11. Randall Selitto pressure algometry for assessment of bone-related pain in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, S; Ipsen, D H; Appel, C K; Ugarak, A; Durup, D; Dickenson, A H; Heegaard, A M

    2015-03-01

    Deep pain is neglected compared with cutaneous sources. Pressure algometry has been validated in the clinic for assessment of bone-related pain in humans. In animal models of bone-related pain, we have validated the Randall Selitto behavioural test for assessment of acute and pathological bone pain and compared the outcome with more traditional pain-related behaviour measures. Randall Selitto pressure algometry was performed over the anteromedial part of the tibia in naïve rats, sham-operated rats, and rats inoculated with MRMT-1 carcinoma cells in the left tibia, and the effect of morphine was investigated. Randall Selitto measures of cancer-induced bone pain were supplemented by von Frey testing, weight-bearing and limb use test. Contribution of cutaneous nociception to Randall Selitto measures were examined by local anaesthesia. Randall Selitto pressure algometry over the tibia resulted in reproducible withdrawal thresholds, which were dose-dependently increased by morphine. Cutaneous nociception did not contribute to Randall Selitto measures. In cancer-bearing animals, compared with sham, significant differences in pain-related behaviours were demonstrated by the Randall Selitto test on day 17 and 21 post-surgery. A difference was also demonstrated by von Frey testing, weight-bearing and limb use tests. Our results indicate that pressure applied by the Randall Selitto algometer on a region, where the bone is close to the skin, may offer a way to measure bone-related pain in animal models and could provide a supplement to the traditional behavioural tests and a means to study deep pain. © 2014 European Pain Federation - EFIC®

  12. Influence of dosing times on cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seto, Yoshihiro; Okazaki, Fumiyasu; Horikawa, Keiji; Zhang, Jing; Sasaki, Hitoshi; To, Hideto

    2016-01-01

    Although cis-diamminedichloro-platinum (CDDP) exhibits strong therapeutic effects in cancer chemotherapy, its adverse effects such as peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy, and vomiting are dose-limiting factors. Previous studies reported that chronotherapy decreased CDDP-induced nephropathy and vomiting. In the present study, we investigated the influence of dosing times on CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy in rats. CDDP (4 mg/kg) was administered intravenously at 5:00 or 17:00 every 7 days for 4 weeks to male Sprague–Dawley rats, and saline was given to the control group. To assess the dosing time dependency of peripheral neuropathy, von-Frey test and hot-plate test were performed. In order to estimate hypoalgesia, the hot-plate test was performed in rats administered CDDP weekly for 4 weeks. On day 28, the withdrawal latency to thermal stimulation was significantly prolonged in the 17:00-treated group than in the control and 5:00-treated groups. When the von-Frey test was performed to assess mechanical allodynia, the withdrawal threshold was significantly lower in the 5:00 and 17:00-treated groups than in the control group on day 6 after the first CDDP dose. The 5:00-treated group maintained allodynia throughout the experiment with the repeated administration of CDDP, whereas the 17:00-treated group deteriorated from allodynia to hypoalgesia. It was revealed that the severe of CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy was inhibited in the 5:00-treated group, whereas CDDP-treated groups exhibited mechanical allodynia. These results suggested that the selection of an optimal dosing time ameliorated CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy. The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12885-016-2777-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users

  13. Dopamine D3 receptor knockout mice exhibit abnormal nociception in a sex-different manner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng; Xing, Bo; Chu, Zheng; Liu, Fei; Lei, Gang; Zhu, Li; Gao, Ya; Chen, Teng; Dang, Yong-Hui

    2017-07-01

    Pain is a complex and subjective experience. Previous studies have shown that mice lacking the dopamine D3 receptor (D3RKO) exhibit hypoalgesia, indicating a role of the D3 receptor in modulation of nociception. Given that there are sex differences in pain perception, there may be differences in responses to nociceptive stimuli between male and female D3RKO mice. In the current study, we examined the role of the D3 receptor in modulating nociception in male and female D3RKO mice. Acute thermal pain was modeled by hot-plate test. This test was performed at different temperatures including 52°C, 55°C, and 58°C. The von Frey hair test was applied to evaluate mechanical pain. And persistent pain produced by peripheral tissue injury and inflammation was modeled by formalin test. In the hot-plate test, compared with wild-type (WT) mice, D3RKO mice generally exhibited longer latencies at each of the three temperatures. Specially, male D3RKO mice showed hypoalgesia compared with male WT mice when the temperature was 55°C, while for the female mice, there was a statistical difference between genotypes when the test condition was 52°C. In the von Frey hair test, both male and female D3RKO mice exhibited hypoalgesia. In the formalin test, the male D3RKO mice displayed a similar nociceptive behavior as their sex-matched WT littermates, whereas significantly depressed late-phase formalin-induced nociceptive behaviors were observed in the female mutants. These findings indicated that the D3 receptor affects nociceptive behaviors in a sex-specific manner and that its absence induces more analgesic behavior in the female knockout mice. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Drivers of the Estonian accounting system in the harmonization process with the European framework / Toomas Haldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haldma, Toomas, 1957-

    2005-01-01

    Analüüsi tulemusena selgus, et enam on mõjutanud Eesti arvestussüsteemi raamatupidamisregulatsioonide eristumine maksundusest, arenev arvestuse kutseala ja arvestuse riiklike regulatsioonide paindlikkus ning strateegiline suunitlus

  15. Contextual factors and motivators of the accounting developments in Estonian local goverments / Toomas Haldma, Helje Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haldma, Toomas, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Siirdeperioodil on Eesti kohalike omavalitsuste (KOV) süsteem läbi teinud nii finants- kui administratiivreformi, mis mõjutavad majandusarvestuse kontseptuaalseid aspekte. Etapilise lähenemise teoreetilistest seisukohtadest lähtudes analüüsitakse KOV-de arevestussüsteemi arengut läbi Eesti majandusarvestuse kolme arenguetapi

  16. Vetsherneje : [luuletused] / Johannes Semper ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semper, Johannes, 1892-1970

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Vetshernjeje ; Golod / tlk. Nora Javorskaja ; Pod ekvatorom / tlk. S. Olender ; Pribrezhnõje sosnõ / tlk. Z. Mirkina ; Kak bõ smog tõ zhit? / tlk. Leon Toom ; Kakoje eto tshudo / tlk. J. Gordijenko. Orig.: Õhtune ; Nälg ; Ekvaatori all ; Rannamännid ; Kuidas elaksid? ; On liigutavalt tore

  17. Narva linnuse arhitektuurivõistlus ja selle ülesanne / Toomas Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paaver, Toomas, 1976-

    2015-01-01

    SA Narva Muuseum korraldas arhitektuurivõistluse, et leida terviklik ruumiline lahendus Narva linnuse hoonete ja territooriumi ümberehituseks. Esimese koha sai töö märgusõnaga "Kaks sõpra" (Kalle Vellevoog, Tiiu Truus, Lidia Zarudnaja ja Martin Prommik arhitektuuribüroost JVR). Teise koha sai töö märgusõnaga "Ulm" (Jaan Kuusemets, Üllar Ambos, Pille Noole, Kaisa Lasner ja Ionnais Lykouras arhitektuuribüroost DAGOpen ja LÜNK Arhitektid"). Kolmanda koha sai töö märgusõnaga "Aedificium" (Ott Kadarik, Mihkel Tüür, Kristi Tuurmann, Kadri Tamme, Marleen Stokkeby, Viktoria Andrejeva, Constantin Rybkin ja Tanel Trepp arhitektuuribüroost KTA - Kadarik Tüür Arhitektid)

  18. Krazha : [luuletused] / Karl Eduard Sööt ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sööt, Karl Eduard, 1862-1950

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Krazha / tlk. V. Lvov ; Posle zamorozka / tlk. V. Azarov ; Na lesnoi doroge / tlk. Igor Severjanin ; Vospominanija / tlk. L. Stekolnikov. Orig.: Varas ; Pärast hallaööd ; Metsateel ; Mälestus

  19. BSR-kotkas läks lendu / Toomas Jüriado

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüriado, Toomas, 1947-

    2005-01-01

    Hiiu maavalitsuse arendusnõunik Reet Kokovkin asus juhtima Euroopa piiriülese koostöö programmi Interreg IIIB rahastatavat Läänemere piirkonna keskkonnahariduse projekti BSR Eagle, mis tegeleb loodushariduse ja looduse õpetamise arendamisega Läänemere ääres

  20. Eesti välispoliitiliste orientatsioonide sisepoliitilisest taustast esimesel iseseisvusajal / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2005-01-01

    Peamine tegur, mis destabiliseeris olukorda Eestis 1939. aasta sügisest, ei tuleneud mitte Eesti sisepoliitikast ja võimul olnud valitsusest, vaid rahvusvahelisest kriisist, millest Balti riikidel ei õnnestunud eemale jääda, leiab autor. Tabelid

  1. Sotsialistid ja terroristid 1905. aasta revolutsioonis / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2015-01-01

    Terrorismi mõistest ja definitsioonidest. Maailmavaatelisest lõhest Eesti ühiskondlikus liikumises 20. sajandi alguses. Vene terrorismi historiograafiast. Terrorist Riias ja Moskvas. Massiterrorist ja individuaalterrorist. VSDTP neljandast kongressist. Relvastatud võitlusest. Kihutuskirjandusest. Lööksalkadest, relvadest. Ülestõusnute plaanidest. Vägivalla ohvritest. Parun Budbergi tapmisest

  2. Laamendav vene nats, põlev lipp pihus / Toomas Kümmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Autor leiab, et pronkssõduri dilemmas ei ole Eesti võimud suutnud esile tõsta peamist: see mälestusmärk sümboliseerib valedele rajatud müüti Teisest maailmasõjast. Keeruliseks teeb asja see, et osa erakondi seda müüti kaitseb. Vt. samas: Sõja põhivaled; Koondnimekiri võimalikest Tõnismäele maetud punaarmeelastest

  3. Kaasaeg vajab pragmaatikuid / Alejandro Zaera-Polo ; intervjueerinud Triin Ojari, Veronika Valk, Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaera-Polo, Alejandro

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuriteaduskonna välisesinejate loengusarjas esinenud hispaania arhitekt Alejandro Zaera-Polo, kes 2012. aastast juhib Princetoni ülikooli arhitektuurikooli, räägib endast, arhitektuuriharidusest, linnaplaneerimisest, hoone väliskesta (envelope) poliitilisusest

  4. Biografija : [luuletused] / Viivi Luik ; tlk. Svetlan Semenenko, lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luik, Viivi, 1946-

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Biografija ; "Smeisja, smeisja, davai smejatsja..." ; Rodnoi dom / tlk. Nora Javorskaja ; Molba ; "Ja skazhu: kol ne ja..." ; Starõi gorod ; V dorogu ; "Togo uzh ne naiti, kto zaplutal v meteli..." ; Ona skazala vsjo ; Bolshije doma ; Snova ; "Neprestanno krov vo mne zhurtshit..." / tlk. Svetlan Semenenko. Orig.: Elulugu ; "Naera, naera, naerame võidu..." ; Kodu ; Palve ; "Mõtlen: kui mitte mina...", "Ei jäta jälgi see, kes eksis sadudesse..." ; Ta on kõik öelnud ; Uued suured majad ; Jälle

  5. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli magistreid 2004 / Katrin Aava, Toomas Liiv, Helle Metslang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aava, Katrin, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti keele, soome keele ja kommunikatsiooni eriala magistritöödest. Ka viis kirjandusteaduslikku tööd: Kerli Linnati "The vision of history of E. L. Doctorow in English and in Estonian: a comarative study of "Ragtime" and "Look Lake" and their translations", Anneli Niitsoo "Postmodern play with power and masculinity in Jeanette Winterson's Novels", Pille Riismaa "Gümnaasiumi kirjandusõpik "Eelmise sajandi eesti kirjandus"", Anneli Kõvamehe "Baltisakslased Jaan Krossi "Kolmandates mägedes", "Keisri hullus" ja Rakvere romaanis"", Jaak Urmeti "Kultuuri eest ja religiooni vastu. Max Laossoni usuvastasest paljastustööst ajakirjas "Ratsionalist" (1932-1933)"

  6. Iisraeli arvates on pronkssõdur Eesti asi / Erkki Bahovski, Toomas Huik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. samal teemal ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 12. mai, lk. 6. Iisraeli välisministeeriumi Kesk-Euroopa ja Euraasia osakonna nõunik Gil Artzyeli arvates ei saa võrdsustada kommunismi natsismiga, kuna viimane tähendas selget otsust juudid likvideerida. Nõuniku sõnul on suhted uute Euroopa Liidu liikmetega paremad kui liidu vana 15 riigiga. Vt. samas: Iisrael: 60 aastat sõda

  7. Après nous, le déluge / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu põhiseadusliku leppe läbikukkumisest, vanade liikmesriikide suhtumisest uutesse, Venemaa lootusest Euroopa Liidu nõrgenemisele. Eesti peaks tihendama koostööd teiste uute liikmesriikidega oma ühishuvide kaitsel. Ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 8. juuli 2005 nr. 22/23, lk. 2-4

  8. Res Publica aukohus heidab juhtidele ette eetikavääratust / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik ; Severnoje Poberezhje 22. november lk. 3;4. Res Publica aukohus arvab, et Res Publica juhid on rikkunud erakonna põhikirja, sisekorda ja eetikakoodeksit Kohtla-Järve juhtumi lahendamisel. Kohtla-Järvel sai linnapeaks riisumiskahtlusega uurimise all olev Valeri Korb tänu Keskerakonna ja Res Publica koalitsioonileppele. Kommenteerib Juhan Kivirähk

  9. Riigikogu kavandab autoliisingu hüvitamisele ülempiiri seadmist / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress nr. 46 14. nov. lk. 132. Riigikogu juhatus ei poolda kuluhüvitiste arvel autoliisimise lõpetamist, kuid kavatseb pakkuda välja idee seada liisinguhüvitisele ülempiir, mis esialgsetel andmetel oleks 50% kuluhüvitisest. Vt. samas: Lenk ja Tuus võitlevad liisingu allesjäämise eest; Katked protestikirjadest

  10. Pangajärelevalve ja e-panganduse areng / Toomas Kirt, Dmitri Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirt, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    Finantsinspektsioonist riikliku finantsjärelevalve teostajana. Baseli Pangajärelevalve Komitee standardite kogumist "Basel II" pankade kapitali adekvaatsuse seireks. Tabelid: E-panganduse sisu; Pankade vahendusel jaemaksete tegemise võimalused Eestis 2003. aasta lõpu seisuga

  11. Vabariigi presidendi iseseisvuspäeva kõne / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    Presidendi kõne Eesti Vabariigi 93. aastapäeva pidulikul kontserdil Estonias 24. veebruaril 2011. aastal. Vt. ka juhtkiri lk. 2: Isetehtud Eesti. Õhtulehes kommenteerivad Rainer Kattel, Olev Remsu, Agu Uudelepp ja Vitali Belobrovtsev. Õhtulehes vt. ka juhtkiri: Vaikne ja rahulik Põhjamaa? Äripäevas vt. ka juhtkiri lk. 2: Rohkem enesekindlust, rohkem eneseusaldust!

  12. Kultuurigenotsiid Eestis : kirjanikud (1940-1953) / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti kunstiintelligentsi tagakiusamisest 1940-1953 Nõukogude ja natsi-Saksamaa okupatsioonivõimude poolt. Lähemalt on vaatluse all literaadid, professionaalsed kirjanikud, kriitikud ja tõlkijad, kes kuulusid kirjanike loomingulistesse liitudesse

  13. Darwini vaim hõljub looduseuurijate seltsi kohal / Oive Tinn ; intervjueerinud Toomas Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tinn, Oive, 1966-

    2015-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti looduseuurijate seltsi presidendi, paleontoloog Oive Tinniga Eesti Looduseuurijate seltsi tegemistest ning Charles Darwini raamatu "Inimese põlvnemine ja suguline valik" toimetamisest

  14. Löögiüksuse "Admiral Pitka" formeerimine ja tegevus / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Johan Pitka tegevusest 1940-1944. Tema lähematest kaastöölistest Paul Laamannist ja Evald Karotoomest. Löögiüksuse formeerimisest Saksa ametkondade asjaajamises ning Evald Karotoomi ja Paul Laamanni tunnistuste järgi. Kes kuulusid Pitka löögirühma. Saadik Aleksander Warma suhtumisest Pitka löögiüksuse moodustamisse. Vastuolust Soomes viibinud mõõdukate eestlaste ja Harald Vellneri ning Karl Talpaku vahel. Löögirühma tegevusest Tallinnas sakslaste taandumise ajal.

  15. Europe's long-term decline is alarming, but not inevitable / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu konkurentsivõimest globaliseeruvas maailmas. Autor toob eeskujuks postsovetliku Eesti, kes tegi panuse uusimale infotehnoloogia infrastruktuurile. Euroopa arengusuundadest ning vajadusest ühise energiapoliitika järele. Ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna 25. okt. 2007, lk. 12 ja 1. nov. 2007, lk. 12; eesti k. ilmunud ka: Äripäev 1. nov. 2007, lk. 23, pealk.: Euroopat saab aidata ta ise; vene k. ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom 26. okt. 2007, lk. 26 (tõlk. Jevgenija Unanjants); Delovõje Vedomosti 7. nov. 2007, lk. 14; Ekonomitsheskoje obozrenije - LOGOS-PRESS (Moldova), 26. okt. 2007, nr. 39

  16. Mihkelson : illusioonid ei sobi Vene suhetesse / Marko Mihkelson ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Marko, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Riigikogu väliskomisjoni esimees vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Eesti ja Läti vene rahvusvähemuse teema kasutamist Venemaal, vene vähemuse probleemide tunnistamist Romano Prodi poolt, Venemaalt kahjutasu nõudmist, Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini lubadust sõlmida Eesti ja Lätiga piirilepingud

  17. O tom, tshto ushlo : [luuletused] / Aleksander Suuman ; Lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuman, Aleksander, 1927-2003

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: O tom, tshto ushlo ; "Gde-to dolzhno zhe bõt stshastje..." ; "Serõje lessa..." ; Zholtogolovõ ; "Teh iv serebristõh nelzja oboiti..." ; "Vzroslõje vkladtshinu pili..." ; "U nas tut, za Giperborejem..." / tlk. Svetlan Semenenko ; Odno hotshu skazat ; Los idjot / tlk. Boris Baljasnõi.Orig.: "Kusagil peab olema õnn..." ; Kullerkupud ; "Ei hõbepajust ma mööduda saand..." ; "Meil siin Hüperboreas..." ;

  18. T. H. Ilves : "Demokratii drug s drugom ne vojujut" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Sergei Morozov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti presidendiga riigi vastastest küberrünnakutest, Venemaa suhetest Euroopa Liidu ja USA-ga, demokraatiast, USA raketitõrjesüsteemist Euroopas, Eesti-Venemaa suhetest ja sõnavabadusest, pronkssõduri teisaldamisest, probleemidest Eesti-Venemaa ja Soome-Venemaa piiridel, Vladimir Putini juhitud Venemaa sise- ja välispoliitikast, Eesti toetusest Gruusiale ja Ukrainale liitumaks NATO-ga

  19. Kas Eesti poliitilisel maastikul on veel harimata põlde? / Toomas Paur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paur, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Valgamaalane 4. apr. lk. 2, Vooremaa, Harjumaa, Nädaline 9. apr. lk. 2;2;5, Sakala 10. apr. lk. 2, Meie Maa 13. apr. lk. 2, Järva Teataja 18. apr. lk. 2. Erakonnas olevatel inimestel on ühtne arusaam avalike asjade korraldamisest, neid seob soov luua arengustrateegia riigile ja rahvale. Autor: ERL

  20. Europanist ja arhitektuurivõistlustest = About Europan and architectural competitions / Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    2010-01-01

    Üle-Euroopalisest arhitektuurivõistlusest Europan. Noorte avalikel arhitektuurivõistlustel osalemise võimalustest Eesti, Eesti riigihangete süsteemist arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise vallas. Võistlusest Europan 10 Tallinnas. Linnahalli ja Kultuurikatla vahelisele alale tuli kavandada Kalamaja kalaturg ning ala siduda ümbritseva linnastruktuuriga. Max Cohen De Lara ja David Mulderi (Holland) võidutööst "Green Cement"

  1. Eesti edukas avalöök Europarlamendis / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Koit, 31. juuli 2004, lk. 6; Lääne Elu, 31. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 31. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 31. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 3 aug. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 4; Pärnu Postimees, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 15; Sakala, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Vali Uudised, 4. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 4. aug. 2004, lk. 2. T. H. Ilves annab ülevaate oma tööst Euroopa Parlamendis, Eesti saadikute töövaldkondadest

  2. Algirdas Brazauskas lubab Leedule uusi paremaid radareid / Algirdas Brazauskas ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brazauskas, Algirdas, 1932-2010

    2005-01-01

    Leedu peaminister Algirdas Brazauskas vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Vene hävitaja allakukkumist Kaunase lähedal, õhujõudude juhataja kolonel Jonas Marcinkuse vabastamist ning Leedu õhuruumi turbe piisavust ja parandamise vajalikkust. Lisa: Vene hävitaja Leedus. Vt. samas: Balti riigid tahavad Schengeni leppega liituda 2007. aastal

  3. "Die Nato hat einen grossen Fehler begangen" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Ansgar Graw

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti president räägib sõjalistest kokkupõrgetest Gruusias, vajadusest uue rahvusvahelise julgeolekustruktuuri järele, ootustest rahvusvahelise üldsuse suhtes, Balti riikide julgeolekust ning kritiseerib NATO otsust mitte anda Gruusiale NATO liikmelisuse tegevuskava

  4. Nurmsi küla omainimene Soomest / Ritva-Liisa Pihlaja ; interv. Toomas Help

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlaja, Ritva-Liisa

    2000-01-01

    Soome arhitekti Ritva-Liisa Pihlaja näitus "Nurmsi küla Järvamaal", mis annab ülevaate ühest Eesti külast ja selle arhitektuurist, on Helsingi Soome keskkonnakeskuses, edaspidi jääb Järvamaa muuseumile. R.-L. Pihlaja oma juurtest ja uurimistööst Eestis. Intervjuu tehtud 1999. a. kevadel Tartus.

  5. Euroliit palus USA-l sulgeda Guantanamo vangla / Kaarel Kaas, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 22. juuni lk. 8. Euroopa Liidu ja USA tippkohtumisel Viinis oli arutluse all Guantanamo vangilaagri sulgemine, kõneldi Iraani tuumaprogrammist, maailmakaubandusest ning USA viisavabaduse kehtestamisest kõigile Euroopa Liidu liikmetele

  6. Islam ja Tallinn - kontaktid minevikust tänaseni / Toomas Abiline

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Abiline, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Eesti tõsisem kokkupuude islamiga toimus Liivi sõja päevil, kui vabanemaks alandavast alluvussuhtest Ivan IV-ga, tulid paljud tatarlased sõja käigus Rootsi poole üle ja osa neist jäi Eestisse elama. Esimene suurem islami kogukond tekkis Eestis pärast Eesti- ja Liivimaa liitmist Vene tsaaririigiga 1721. aastal. Esimese maailmasõja ja Vabadussõja aastatel lahkusid Eestist paljud tatarlased. Eesti Islami Kogudus taasregistreeriti 1989. aastal

  7. Peeter Kreitzberg välistab koostöö reformiparteiga / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Peeter Kreitzberg nimetab ERL-i valitsusest lahkumise otsust arusaadavaks. Ta ei välista, et pärast Res Publica ja Reformierakonna vähemusvalitsuse lagunemist moodustub koalitsioon, kuhu võivad kuuluda mis tahes erakonnad, aga mitte Reformierakond

  8. Üleilmsed krediitkaardipettused tabavad üha enam ka Eestit / Toomas Vaks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaks, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    28.-30. septembrini Tallinnas toimunud kolmandast kaardipettuste foorumist "Baltic Scandinavian Fraud Forum". Krediitkaardipettuste ja e-kuritegevuse sagenemise põhjustest. Kaart: Kaardipettuste skeem võib olla kontinentidevaheline. Lisa: Krediitkaartide roll maailmas suureneb. Kommenteerib Politseiameti politseitöö osakonna politseidirektor Indrek Tibar

  9. Rahvas pole väsinud reformidest, vaid tühjadest lubadustest / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Riigikogu uue hooaja avaistungil 13. septembril 2010. a. Lüh. Ilmunud ka: Õhtuleht 14. sept. 2010, lk. 8, pealk.: Kes me tahame riigina olla?; Sakala 14. sept. 2010, lk. 5, pealk.: President kutsus seadma uusi sihte; Pärnu Postimees 15. sept. 2010, lk. 15, pealk.: Kes me tahame ühiskonna ja riigina olla?. Tsitaat kõnest ilmunud ka: Järva Teataja 14. sept. 2010, lk. 6; Postimees 15. sept. 2010, lk. 2; Meie Maa 15. sept. 2010, lk. 2; Järva Teataja 16. sept. 2010, lk. 2

  10. Ettevõtjad lõid katusorganisatsiooni kutseõppe arendamiseks / Toomas Teresk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teresk, Toomas

    2008-01-01

    Saaremaa ehitusettevõtjate initsiatiivil loodi mittetulundusühing E-Umbrella, eesmärgiga arendada ettevõtete ühistegevust, tõsta kutseõppe kvaliteeti ning väärtustada erialase ettevalmistusega tublisid töötajaid

  11. Arhitektuurikonkurss "Games of the Linear Centre of Ventspils" / Toomas Tammis, Inga Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammis, Toomas, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Eestist osalesid arhitektuuribürood Arhitektuuriagentuur (I. Raukas, T. Tammis, T. Teedumäe, C. Weber), Eek & Mutso (M. Mutso, M. Eek, R. Avaste, K. Koov), R. Puusepp ja Kalle Rõõmus. Eesti büroode võidud konkursil. 1 illustratsioon

  12. Aleksei Miller ja "uus impeeriumi ajalugu" / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Миллер, Алексей. Империя Романовых и национализм : эссе по методологии исторического исследования. Москва : Новое Литературное Обозрение, 2008. (Historica Rossica). Polüetnilisi impeeriume eelistab Miller käsitleda mitte regionaalsete, vaid situatiivsete kategooriatega

  13. Asevälisminister Tshizhov avas Vene kaardid / Vladimir Tshizhov ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tshizhov, Vladimir

    2004-01-01

    Vene asevälisminister rääkis visiidil Tallinna ajakirjanikele Venemaa murest seoses EL-i laienemisega euroliidu-Venemaa partnerluslepingust, Eesti-Vene suhetest, slaavi vähemustest Eestis, NATO kohustustest Venemaa suhtes

  14. Eestimaa talurahva kongress ja Volta koosolek: massiliikumine Balti provintsides 1905 / Toomas Karjahärm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karjahärm, Toomas, 1944-

    2012-01-01

    Eestimaa kongressi algatajatest. Rapla üleskutsest. Saadikute valimisest. Ajutise komitee üleskutsest. VSDTP Tallinna komitee koosolekust. Volta kooslekust osavõtjatest, juhatusest ja päevakorrast. Koosolekul räägitust. Volta koosoleku järellugu. Läti eeskujust

  15. Massenet "Thaisi" näeb otseülekandes kinolinal / Toomas Kuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuter, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Forum Cinemas toob oktoobrist maini Tallinnas Coca-Cola Plazas ja Tartus Ekraanis publikuni New Yorgi Metropolitan Opera etenduste HD-otseülekanded, 20. dets. kantakse üle Jules Massenet' ooper "Thais", peaosas Renee Fleming

  16. Erikohtud : [bakalaureusetöö] / Toomas Talviste ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Jaan Ginter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talviste, Toomas

    1996-01-01

    Erikohtu mõiste, erikohtud Eestis 1918-1940 (sõja-, priisi-, välja-, administratiiv-, vaeslaste- ja hoolekandekohtud), erikohtud välisriikides (haldus-, finants-, sotsiaal-, patendi-, töö-, kaubandus-, noorte-, sõja- ja muud erikohtud)

  17. Stiihia on vaja üle elada, katsumus ei kesta kaua / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi majandusteemaline videoläkitus portaalis Youtube. Vt. samas: Kommentaarid presidendi videoläkitusele Youtube'is ja postimees.ee-s. Vt. ka lk. 2: Riikoja, Hindrek. Oskuslik PR-käik

  18. 'Plekk-Liisu' valiti Sajandi Autoks / Toomas Vabamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabamäe, Toomas

    1999-01-01

    1996. a. valimistele esitatud 716 autost valiti 18. detsembril Las Vegases sajandi autoks Ford T, mis läks tootmisse 1. X 1908. a. Kui 1927. a. tootmine Põhja-Ameerikas lõppes, oli valmistatud 15007003 autot.

  19. Marek Strandberg - rohelise tee mees / Marek Strandberg ; interv. Toomas Jüriado

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strandberg, Marek, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi saadikukandidaat Marek Strandberg propageerib kolmanda, rohelise tee valikut Eesti ja Euroopa jaoks, mis tähendab uute loodussõbralike tehnoloogiate rakendamist. Lisa: Eesti keskkonnaindikaatorid

  20. Bush jättis püüne Putinile / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Politoloog tõdeb, et USA president George W. Bush lahkus enne lõppu Aasia-Vaikse ookeani majanduskoostöö organisatsiooni (APEC) tippkohtumiselt ja külastas Iraaki, et kinnitada maailmale Iraagi sõja vajalikkust. Vene president Vladimir Putin tugevdas Vene positsioone maailmas, andes krediiti Indoneesiale Vene laevade ja lennukite ostuks ning sõlmides uraaniostulepingu Austraaliaga

  1. Streimann : Kas Eesti oskab euroabiraha ära kasutada? / Alar Streimann ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Streimann, Alar, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Välisministeerium asekantsler, EL-iga läbirääkimiste juht läbirääkimiste seisust. EL arvates peavad abirahad 50%:50% jagunema sidusfondide ja regionaalfondide vahel. Kommenteerivad Lennart Meri ja Valery Giscard d'Estaing

  2. Parts : Lihula samba sünd on aasta rumalaim tegu / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts Lihula visiidist, suhtumisest julgestuspolitsei kasutamisse, valitsuskoalitsiooni koostööst erinevate probleemide lahendamisel. Siseminister Margus Leivo kommenteerib julgestuspolitsei kohalolekut Lihulas

  3. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  4. Kui punane oli Arnold Rüütli punaminevik / Toomas Kümmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2001-01-01

    EKP tippjuhtkonda kuulunud peatselt presidendi ametisse astuva Arnold Rüütli punaminevikust. Samas: Arnold Rüütli stiilinäiteid: 1987. a. avaldatud mõtted Eesti ajaloost ja 1989. a. eesti keelest

  5. President : olen sügavas mures / Arnold Rüütel ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Arnold, 1928-

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel nendib, et oma uusaastaläkituses noorte probleemidest Eesti ühiskonnas kõneldes ei teadnud ta, et samad probleemid puudutavad teravalt ka ta oma tütretütreid. Lisa: Lossiskandaal. Vt. samas: Ihukaitsjad vaikivad Rüütli eraelust; Ingvar Bärenklau. Rüütli lapselapsed elavad Kadriorus juba aastaid; Arvamust avaldavad Andrus Ansip, Urmas Reinsalu, Andres Herkel, Ain Seppik, Jaanus Männik ja Ivari Padar

  6. Ester Tuiksoo - Eesti esimene naissoost põllumajandusminister / Ester Tuiksoo ; interv. Toomas Verrev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuiksoo, Ester, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Ametist lahkuv põllumajandusminister Ester Tuiksoo räägib saadud juhtimiskogemusest, Euroopa Liidu ühise põllumajanduspoliitika juurutamisest, rahvuskala valimisest, Rahvaliidu käekäigust parlamendivalimistel

  7. Eesti president Toomas H. Ilves Pennsylvania ülikooli ajakirjas / Airi Vaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaga, Airi, 1940-

    2008-01-01

    University of Pennsylvania ajakirjas "The Pennsylvania Gazette" ilmunud artiklist "From Estonian Exile to Executive Office", autor Susan Frith - järjekordsest võimalusest tutvustada Eestit ja eestlasi USA ülikoolide kaudu

  8. Põlevkivi, väikese Eesti suur eripära / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiumaa, 1. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Sakala, 2. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 3. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Koit, 3. nov. 2001, lk. 3; Virumaa Teataja, 6. nov. 2001, lk. 7; Järva Teataja, 10. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 6. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Lääne-Harju Ekspress, 10. nov. 2001, lk. 4; Pärnu Postimees, 7. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Virumaa Nädalaleht, nr. 29, 2001, lk. 9; Valgamaalane, 15. nov. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 4. dets. 2001, lk. 4. Liitumisläbirääkimistel EL-iga taotleb Eesti põlevkivile erikäsitlust. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad

  9. Bronze solider - chronology when and how he became notorious / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2008-01-01

    Kronoloogiline ülevaade pronkssõduri paigaldamisest Tõnismäele, rahutustele eelnenud sündmusest, tänavarahutustest, pronksõduri teisaldamisest ning sellele järgnenud reaktsioonidest rahvusvahelistes suhetes ja kohalike poliitikute hulgas

  10. Lääne firmad peavad Eesti radari pärast kohtulahingut / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Radarihankekonkursil osalenud Itaalia radaritootja Alenia Marconi Systems ja Prantsuse firma Thales vaidlustasid Tallinna halduskohtus valitsuse sajalase korralduse, mille alusel sõlmis kaitseministeerium radari ostmise lepingu USA firmaga Lockheed-Martin

  11. Klassiõpetajate arusaamad õppiva organisatsiooni juhtimise distsipliinidest / Krista Uibu, Merike Kaseorg, Toomas Kink

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibu, Krista, 1966-

    2016-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse põhikooli esimese kooliastme õpetajate mõttemudeleid ja süsteemse mõtlemise oskust, arusaamu isiklikust meisterlikkusest, ühisest visioonist ning meeskondlikust õppimisest

  12. Tragöödia põhimõtete pärast / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2004-01-01

    Haiti ajaloost, ajaloolisest hiigelvõlast. Haiti siseolukorrast 1990. aastatel. Autori sõnul laieneb praegu Haitil kaos, Prantsusmaa on teatanud valmisolekust saata oma väed Haitile. Vt. samas: Poolakatel viisavaba sõit Haitile. Kaart

  13. Rüütel jagas esimesed 500 teenetemärki / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel autasustab seoses vabariigi 88. aastapäeva ja iseseisvuse taastamise 15. aastapäevaga 834 inimest, 22. veebruaril andis president teenetemärgi üle enam kui 500 inimesele. President allkirjastas ka otsuse, millega autasustatakse Torino taliolümpial kuldmedali võitnud Kristina Šmiguni, Andrus Veerpalu ning nende treenereid Mati Alaveri ja Anatoli Šmiguni. Arvamust avaldab Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kiriku peapiiskop Andres Põder. Lisa: President Rüütli kolm mõtet. Fotol presidendipaar koos Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi saanud Reet Linna ja Anne Veskiga

  14. GMO võib lõpetada näljahäda / Toomas Savi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savi, Toomas, 1942-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi liige analüüsib põhjusi, miks toiduainete hinnad on maailmaturul kallinenud ja leiab, et antud tingimustes tuleks rakendada seniseid kogemusi geneetiliselt muundatud toiduainete kasutamises ja kummutada eelarvamused, mis levivad eelkõige lääneriikides

  15. Endine KGB-lane pürib taas Narvas volikokku / Toomas Kümmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    KGB-mineviku varjamise pärast Keskerakonnast välja visatud Valdek Lans (Vadim Tomilov) astus taas erakonda ja kandideerib kohalikel valimistel. Kommenteerib Narva linnavolikogu esinaine Elsa Suikanen

  16. Noored tähed Puccinile pühendatud galaõhtul Endlas / Toomas Kuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuter, Toomas, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Puccini galakontserdist Pärnu rahvusvahelise ooperimuusika festivali PromFest raames 15. mail Endla teatris ja 16. mail Tallinnas Vene teatris (laval rahvusvahelise Klaudia Taevi konkursi võitjad läbi aegade)

  17. "La meilleure chose qui me soit arrivée" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Sabine Verhest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti riigipea räägib eestlaste ootustest ja võimalustest Euroopa Liidus, eurole üleminekust, majanduskriisiga toimetulemisest, Euroopa Liidu laienemisest, kandidaatidest Euroopa Ülemkogu eesistuja kohale

  18. Eesti proosa 1994 : [ka Noor-Eesti fenomenist 1994. a eesti proosas] / Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiv, Toomas, 1946-2009

    1995-01-01

    Kangro, Bernard. Härjanädalate aegu; Kõiv, Madis Rännuaastad. Studia memoriae. I; Vanapa, Andres. Riiulid; Mutt, Mihkel. Rahvusvaheline mees; Berg, Maimu. Ma armastasin venelast. Nemad; Kross, Jaan. Järelehüüd; Kudu, Reet. Vabadus ja armastus; Mikelsaar, Henn. Käiski Nuustakul ära; Mihkelson, Ene. Nime vaev; Pukk, Holger. Suvest suveni; Trubetsky, Tõnu & Anti Pathique. Daam sinises; Traat, Mats. Kodu on ilus; Traat, Mats. Minge üles mägedele. Teine raamat, jt.

  19. Nipernaadid udus : A. Gailiti "Toomas Nipernaadi" retseptsioonist eesti teatris ja kinos / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2003-01-01

    K. Kiisa film "Nipernaadi", sellesuvised vabaõhulavastused Ugalas ja Emajõe Suveteatris, lühidalt esimesest Nipernaadi lavastusest 1936. a. Draamastuudios (dramatiseerija ja lavastaja A. Särev). Vaadeldakse lavastaja- ja näitlejatöid, ka muusikalist kujundust

  20. Riiast kulda toomas ehk tähelepanekuid Balti kommunikatsiooniauhindade jagamisest / Kristel Abel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Abel, Kristel, 1974-

    2017-01-01

    Märtsi algul Riias peetud üritusel "Mi:t&Links Baltic Communication Awards 2017" jagati kommunikatsiooniauhindu. Võistlusel esile tõusnud projektidest. Strateegilisele mõtlemisele pühendatud konverentsist

  1. Ilves : hüvasti, hea sõber ja liitlane / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    Smolenski lähedal Venemaal 10. aprillil 2010 toimunud lennuõnnetuses hukkus Poola president Lech Kaszynski, tema abikaasa Maria ja rohkearvuline kõrgetasemeline Poola ametlik delegatsioon. Eesti presidendi kaastundeavaldus. Väljavõte kaastundeavaldusest ilmunud ka: Õhtuleht 12. apr. 2010. lk. 6

  2. Mida räägib meile nafta tulevik? / Toomas Trapido, Henri Laupmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trapido, Toomas, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narva Postiljon, 20. nov. 2004, lk. 5. Naftatootmise ajaloost, naftavarudest ja eelseisvast naftaajastu hääbumisest. ASPO (Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas) ehk nafta ja maagaasi kasutuse haripunkti uurimise ühenduse tegevusest. Lisatud statistilised diagrammid ja skeemid

  3. Laeva pantimine : [bakalaureusetöö] / Toomas Vaher ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Priit Kama

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Toomas, 1974-

    1996-01-01

    Laeva pantimise ajaloost, laevale seatud pant, laeva pantimine välisriikides (Suurbritannia, USA, Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa, Rootsi), rahvusvahelised kokkulepped laevade pantimise kohta, laevade pantimine Eestis

  4. 1889. aasta justiitsseadused - Eesti peaaegu et esimene põhiseadus / Toomas Anepaio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anepaio, Toomas, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    1889. aastal toimus Eestis põhimõtteline muutus - üleminek mitteriiklikult õigusemõistmiselt riiklikule õigusemõistmisele. Võimude lahususest ehk kohtute sõltumatusest. 14. augusti 1881. aasta seadusest ja 12. juuli 1889. aasta seadusest, mis annuleerisid kohtuvõimu sõltumatuse impeeriumis. Balti provintsides 1889. aasta seadus mitte ei algatanud, vaid lõpetas õigusemõistmise täitevvõimust eraldumise protsessi. 1889. aasta justiitsreformi aluseks olnud protsessiseadustik ja kohtukorralduse seadus asendasid tegelikult Eestis põhiseadust

  5. Vladimir Putin püünel, George W. Bush varjus / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2007-01-01

    Tšehhi kaitseministeeriumi delegatsiooni visiit Moskvasse. Venemaa esitas rahvusvahelise valuutafondi tegevdirektori kohale Tšehhi Keskpanga juhi kohalt sõltumatuna peaministriks kutsutud Jozef Toshovsky. Venemaa ja Austria vastuseis USA raketitõrjesüsteemi paigutamiseks Tšehhi

  6. Mürgisurma on lihtne vältida / Toomas Trapido ; interv. Kaarel Tarand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trapido, Toomas, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Eestimaa Looduse Fondi suunajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ohtlikke jäätmeid vedanud tankeri Probo Koala saabumist Eesti vetesse, Eesti võimude tegevust sellega seoses, Greenpeace'i tegevuse mõju Eesti keskkonnaorganisatsioonide mainele ja tegevusele

  7. Peaminister Parts : lapsed olgu meist targemad / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuus tunnistab peaminister Juhan Parts end roheliseks poliitikuks, nimetab valitsusliitu parimaks võimalikuks ja soovitab tudengitel kõigepealt õppida ning annab valitsuse 100 päeva hindeks "neli miinus". Kommenteerivad: Evelyn Sepp, Tarmo Loodus, Ivari Padar

  8. Juhan Parts : oleme Isamaaliiduga lähedased / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Isamaaliitu kui Res Publicale kõige lähedasemat võimalikku koalitsioonipartnerit, nn suure koalitsiooni tekkimise võimalust. Skeem: Jõujooned Riigikogus

  9. NATO, the EU, and the Future of Europe / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Liidust kui regionaalsest mudelist rahu, julgeoleku ja heaolu tagamiseks ning Euroopa Liidu laienemisega seotud küsimustest. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Saksamaa Liitvabariiki 9.-12.02.2007

  10. 2003 : year of the rise of populism in Baltics / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Aleksei Gunter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2003-01-01

    Europarlamendi vaatleja ja Riigikogu liige liitumisläbirääkimistest EL-iga, euroreferendumitest Balti riikides, võimalikest immigratsiooniprobleemidest EL-iga ühinemisel, suhetest Venemaaga, Leedu presidendi Rolandas Paksase ümber toimuva skandaali võimalikest mõjudest teistele Balti riikidele

  11. Afgaane ei saa aidata vaid läbi soomuki akna / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Põhja-Afganistani Mazar-e-Sharifi linnas brittide juhtimisel tegutseva provintsi ülesehitusmeeskonna koosseisu kuulub kaks Eesti üksust - vaatlusmeeskond ja Eesti kaitseväe demineerijate rühm. Kaitseministeeriumi plaani kohaselt saadetakse 2006. aastal Lõuna-Afganistani ligi 120 Eesti sõdurit. Kaart. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud kapten Tiit Paljakuga: Kapten Tiit Paljak: me ei tee afgaanide eest kõike ära

  12. Tartu tervise- ja veekeskus / Urmas Luure, Inga Raukas, Toomas Tammis...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    3 joon.: asendiplaan, I, II korruse plaan, 4 vaadet projektist, 5 fotot, värv.: sisevaade, välisvaated ; U. Luure ja T. Teedumäe arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö ; projekteerija Tari AS ; eskiis- ja tehniline projekt: U. Luure, I. Raukas. T. Tammis, T. Teedumäe, Arhitektuuriagentuur; arhitektuurse osa tööjoonised: O. Ojamaa

  13. Viie distsipliini rakendamise käsiraamat loob tervikpildi / Toomas Kink

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kink, Toomas

    2009-01-01

    Õppivaks organisatsiooniks saab kujuneda ainult meeskondliku ühistegevuse kaudu. Tutvustatakse raamatut: Õppiv kool / Peter Senge, Nelda Cambron-McCabe, Timothy Lucas ... [jt.]. Tartu : Atlex, 2009

  14. Schenker laseb kliendil analüüsida teenuse võtmenäitajaid / Toomas Udu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Udu, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Logistikaettevõtte Schenker IT- ja arendusdirektor tutvustab klientidele mõeldud veebipõhist analüüsitööriista KPI (Key Performance Indicator - soorituse võtmenäitajad), mille abil on võimalik jälgida saadetise kohaletoimetamise tähtaegadest kinnipidamist. Ekraanipildid

  15. Vabadussõjas saavutatu vajab igapäevast kaitset / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Presidendi kõne võidupüha paraadil Jõgeval 23. juunil 2009. Ilmunud ka: Järva Teataja 25. juuni 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: Vabadussõjas saavutatut on vaja kaitsta iga päev; Eesti Elu 26. juuni 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: President Ilves: Iseseisvust tuleb kaitsta iga päev (lüh.); Vaba Eesti Sõna 25. juuni 2009, lk. 1,5,10, pealk.: Presidendi kõne Võidupühal Jõgeval; Eesti Hääl 25. juuli 2009, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi kõne Võidupüha paraadil 23. juunil Jõgeval

  16. Hea avalik ruum = A good public space / Kalle Vellevoog, Toomas Paaver, Margus Maiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vellevoog, Kalle, 1963-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi 100. sünnipäevale pühendatud arhitektuuriprogrammi „Hea avalik ruum“ raames rajatakse või rekonstrueeritakse avalik linnaruum paljudes Eesti linnades. Eesti Arhitektide Liit korraldab arhitektuurikonkursse ja koordineerib projektide valikut koostöös omavalitsuste ja kohaliku kogukonnaga. Lähema vaatluse alla on võetud Põlva ja Tõrva konkursile esitatud paremad tööd.

  17. Mida õpetab Sakala saaga? = What lessons can be learned from the Sakala saga? / Toomas Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paaver, Toomas, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Sakala keskuse loost, avaliku ja erasektori koostööst. Vaatluse all on Sakala saaga kolm erinevast teemast - ehitusprojekti ja planeeringu seos, linnaruumi ja asjaõiguslepingute seos, otsustajate volitused. Suunad õigusloome arenguks

  18. Eesti ei kirjuta oma ajalugu ümber / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Tartu rahu aastapäeval 2. veebr. 2007 Estonia kontserdisaalis. Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Vesti Dnja. 5. veebr. 2007, lk. 7,5 (lüh.); Lääne Elu 6. veeb. 2007, lk. 2 lüh., pealk.: Kaotuste ja kannatuste kiuste oleme võitjad meie; Den za Dnjom 9. veebr. 2007, lk. 14-15; Vaba Eesti Sõna 8. veebr. 2007, lk. 6, ingl. k. lk. 12 (järg 18. veebr. 2007, lk. 12), pealk.: Estonia can be proud... because she won twice; Eesti Päevaleht (Stockholm) 1. märts 2007, lk. 3

  19. Superficial parotidectomy versus retrograde partial superficial parotidectomy in treating benign salivary gland tumor (pleomorphic adenoma).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emodi, Omri; El-Naaj, Imad Abu; Gordin, Arye; Akrish, Sharon; Peled, Micha

    2010-09-01

    Of all benign salivary gland tumors of the parotid gland, pleomorphic adenoma (mixed tumor) is the most common. It accounts for 60% to 70% of all benign tumors of the parotid gland. This neoplasm arises in patients in the fourth to sixth decade of life, with a female predominance. The surgical excision of this lesion continues to be the subject of major debate. The goal is to avoid facial disability yet attain complete resection without perforation of the capsule/pseudocapsule. The purpose of our study is to compare 2 surgical techniques performed at the Ear, Nose, and Throat and Maxillofacial Departments, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel, and determine which is preferable in treating this lesion. We reviewed 48 patients who underwent excision of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland between 1996 and 2005 at Rambam Medical Center: 18 were treated surgically with the classical superficial parotidectomy (SP) technique, using an anterograde approach, and 30 were treated with retrograde partial superficial parotidectomy (PSP). We compared the 2 surgical techniques in terms of surgical time, histopathologic size of the lesion, amount of excised healthy parotid tissue, histologic margin, and the preservation of the capsule/pseudocapsule. We also made clinical records of temporary or definitive injury to the facial nerve, which branches of the facial nerve were temporarily or definitively injured, the occurrence of Frey syndrome, esthetic satisfaction, and the amount of recurrence or infection after surgery. Of the 48 patients, 19 (39.6%) were male and 29 (60.4%) were female, with a mean age (+/- SD) of 43.8 +/- 16.97 years (median, 50 years; range, 12-79 years). We found a significant difference (P = .029) in mean surgical time (+/- SD): 171 +/- 49.7 minutes (median, 165 minutes) when performing the classical SP and 145 +/- 42.7 minutes (median, 130 minutes) when performing the retrograde PSP. Much more healthy parotid tissue was taken out with the classical

  20. Combination of heterologous fibrin sealant and bioengineered human embryonic stem cells to improve regeneration following autogenous sciatic nerve grafting repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozafari, Roghayeh; Kyrylenko, Sergiy; Castro, Mateus Vidigal; Ferreira, Rui Seabra; Barraviera, Benedito; Oliveira, Alexandre Leite Rodrigues

    2018-01-01

    Peripheral nerve injury is a worldwide clinical problem, and the preferred surgical method for treating it is the end-to-end neurorrhaphy. When it is not possible due to a large nerve gap, autologous nerve grafting is used. However, these surgical techniques result in nerve regeneration at highly variable degrees. It is thus very important to seek complementary techniques to improve motor and sensory recovery. One promising approach could be cell therapy. Transplantation therapy with human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) is appealing because these cells are pluripotent and can differentiate into specialized cell types and have self-renewal ability. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to find conditions under which functional recovery is improved after sciatic nerve neurorrhaphy. We assumed that hESC, either alone or in combination with heterologous fibrin sealant scaffold, could be used to support regeneration in a mouse model of sciatic nerve injury and repair via autografting with end-to-end neurorrhaphy. Five millimeters of the sciatic nerve of C57BL/6 J mice were transected off and rotated 180 degrees to simulate an injury, and then stumps were sutured. Next, we applied heterologous fibrin sealant and/or human embryonic stem cells genetically altered to overexpress fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) at the site of the injury. The study was designed to include six experimental groups comprising neurorrhaphy (N), neurorrhaphy + heterologous fibrin sealant (N + F), neurorrhaphy + heterologous fibrin sealant + doxycycline (N + F + D), neurorrhaphy + heterologous fibrin sealant + wild-type hESC (N + F + W), neurorrhaphy + heterologous fibrin sealant + hESC off (N + F + T), and neurorrhaphy + heterologous fibrin sealant + hESC on via doxycycline (N + F + D + T). We evaluated the recovery rate using Catwalk and von Frey functional recovery tests, as well as immunohistochemistry analysis. The experiments indicated that

  1. A report of a galactan from marine alga Gelidium crinale with in vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Albertina A S; Benevides, Norma M B; de Freitas Pires, Alana; Fiúza, Felipe P; Queiroz, Maria G R; Morais, Thamires M F; Pereira, Maria G; Assreuy, Ana M S

    2013-04-01

    The sulfated galactan of the red marine alga Gelidium crinale (SG-Gc) was purified by ion exchange chromatography and tested by intravenous (i.v.) route in rodent experimental models of inflammation and nociception. The anti-inflammatory activity of SG-Gc (0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg/kg) was evaluated in the model of rat paw edema induced by different inflammatory stimuli, while SG-Gc (0.1, 1 and 10 mg/kg) antinociceptive effect was assessed in models of nociception/hyperalgesia elicited by chemical (formalin test), thermal (hot plate), and mechanical (von Frey) stimuli in mice. In addition, the toxicity was evaluated after rat treatment with SG-Gc (1 mg/kg; i.v.) during 10 days, followed by analysis of the wet weight of animal's body/organs and hematological/biochemical parameters. Sulfated galactan of G. crinale inhibited the time course of dextran-induced paw edema, at all doses, showing maximal effect at 1 mg/kg (42%) and that induced by carrageenan at 0.01 (18%) and 1 mg/kg (20%), but was ineffective on the edema elicited by zymosan. At the highest dose, SG-Gc also inhibited the paw edema induced by histamine (49%), compound 48/80 (32%), and phospholipase A(2) (44%). Sulfated galactan of G. crinale inhibited both neurogenic and inflammatory phases of the formalin test, at all doses, and at 10 mg/kg, the animals flinch reaction in the von Frey test in the 1st and 3rd h by 19 and 26%, respectively. Additionally, SG-Gc treatment was well tolerated by animals. In conclusion, SG-Gc presents anti-inflammatory effect involving the inhibition of histamine and arachidonic acid metabolites and also antinociceptive activity, especially the inflammatory pain with participation of the opioid system. © 2011 The Authors Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology © 2011 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique.

  2. 2. Sino-German workshop on fuel cells. Book of abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The CD-ROM contains the content of 13 lectures and 19 proposals for joint projects, which were presented on the second Sino-German Workshop on fuel cells. The topics of the 13 lectures are: Ab-initio calculations of oxygen species on low-index platinum surfaces (Pachenko, M.T.M. Koper, T.E. Shubina, S.J. Mitchell, E. Roduner). Cross-Linked (Composite) Polyaryl Blend Membranes for Membrane Fuel Cells. (J.A. Kerres, A. Ullrich, W. Zhang, M. Hein, V. Gogel, L. Joerissen, Th. Frey, A. Friedrich). Performance and Methanol Permeation of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Dependence on Operating Conditions and on Electrode Structure(V. Gogel, Th. Frey, K.A. Friedrich, L. Joerissen, J. Garche, Z. Yongsheng). Experimental Investigation of Flow Bed Configuration Effect on Performance of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells. (H. Guo, C.F. Ma, M.H. Wang, F. Ye, J. Yu, Y. Wang, C.Y. Wang). Improvement of MEAs for DMFC by a tuned production sequence assisted by mathematical modelling (Lindermeir, G. Rosenthal, U. Kunz, U. Hoffmann). Performance of the self-breathing air DMFC with solution grafted PVDF-g-PSSA membranes (X. Qiu, G. Guo, W. Li, W. Zhu, L. Chen). Modeling the Effects of Methanol Crossover on DMFC (J. Zhang, Y. Wang). The characteristics of 40 kW PEM fuel cell engine for vehicle(M. Hou, P. Ming, H. Zhang). A New and Simple Method for Preparing Biocathode in Biofuel Cells (D. Sun, C. Cai, X. Li, W. Xing, T. Lu). Nonlinear Model Reduction of a Dynamic Two-dimensional Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Model (M. Mangold, M. Sheng). Recent Advances in Design and Fabrication of Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (C. Xia, G. Meng). Novel CVD Techniques for Micro- and IT-SOFC Fabrication (G. Meng, H. Song, Q. Dong, D. Peng). Fundamental properties of La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} at high temperatures (S. Wang, T.-L. Wen).

  3. Spinal cord transection-induced allodynia in rats--behavioral, physiopathological and pharmacological characterization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saïd M'Dahoma

    Full Text Available In humans, spinal cord lesions induce not only major motor and neurovegetative deficits but also severe neuropathic pain which is mostly resistant to classical analgesics. Better treatments can be expected from precise characterization of underlying physiopathological mechanisms. This led us to thoroughly investigate (i mechanical and thermal sensory alterations, (ii responses to acute treatments with drugs having patent or potential anti-allodynic properties and (iii the spinal/ganglion expression of transcripts encoding markers of neuronal injury, microglia and astrocyte activation in rats that underwent complete spinal cord transection (SCT. SCT was performed at thoracic T8-T9 level under deep isoflurane anaesthesia, and SCT rats were examined for up to two months post surgery. SCT induced a marked hyper-reflexia at hindpaws and strong mechanical and cold allodynia in a limited (6 cm2 cutaneous territory just rostral to the lesion site. At this level, pressure threshold value to trigger nocifensive reactions to locally applied von Frey filaments was 100-fold lower in SCT- versus sham-operated rats. A marked up-regulation of mRNAs encoding ATF3 (neuronal injury and glial activation markers (OX-42, GFAP, P2×4, P2×7, TLR4 was observed in spinal cord and/or dorsal root ganglia at T6-T11 levels from day 2 up to day 60 post surgery. Transcripts encoding the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were also markedly but differentially up-regulated at T6-T11 levels in SCT rats. Acute treatment with ketamine (50 mg/kg i.p., morphine (3-10 mg/kg s.c. and tapentadol (10-20 mg/kg i.p. significantly increased pressure threshold to trigger nocifensive reaction in the von Frey filaments test, whereas amitriptyline, pregabalin, gabapentin and clonazepam were ineffective. Because all SCT rats developed long lasting, reproducible and stable allodynia, which could be alleviated by drugs effective in humans, thoracic cord transection might be a

  4. Inhibition by local bupivacaine-releasing microspheres of acute postoperative pain from hairy skin incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohri, Rachit; Wang, Jeffrey Chi-Fei; Blaskovich, Phillip D; Pham, Lan N; Costa, Daniel S; Nichols, Gary A; Hildebrand, William P; Scarborough, Nelson L; Herman, Clifford J; Strichartz, Gary R

    2013-09-01

    Acute postoperative pain causes physiological deficits and slows recovery. Reduction of such pain by local anesthetics that are delivered for several days postoperatively is a desirable clinical objective, which is approached by a new formulation and applied in animal studies reported here. We subcutaneously injected a new formulation of poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid polymer microspheres, which provides steady drug release for 96+ hours into rats at the dorsal region 2 hours before surgery. A single 1.2-cm-long skin incision was followed by blunt dissection of skin away from the underlying fascia, and closed by 2 sutures, followed by 14 days of testing. Microspheres containing 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg bupivacaine were injected locally 2 hours before surgery; bupivacaine-free microspheres were the vehicle control, and bupivacaine HCl solution (0.5%), the positive control. Mechanical sensitivity was determined by the frequency of local muscle contractions to repeated pokes with nylon monofilaments (von Frey hairs) exerting 4 and 15 g forces, testing, respectively, allodynia and hyperalgesia, and by pinprick. Injection of bupivacaine microspheres (40 mg drug) into intact skin reduced responses to 15 g von Frey hairs for 6 hours and to pinprick for 36 hours. Respective reductions from bupivacaine HCl lasted for 3 and 2 hours. Skin incision and dissection alone caused mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia for 14 days. Microspheres containing 20 or 40 mg bupivacaine suppressed postoperative hypersensitivity for up to 3 days, reduced integrated allodynia (area under curve of response versus time) over postoperative days 1 to 5 by 51% ± 20% (mean ± SE) and 78% ± 12%, and reduced integrated hyperalgesia by 55% ± 13% and 64% ± 11%, for the respective doses. Five and ten milligrams bupivacaine in microspheres and the 0.5% bupivacaine solution were ineffective in reducing postoperative hypersensitivity, as were 40 mg bupivacaine microspheres injected contralateral to the

  5. Electrophysiological evidence for voltage-gated calcium channel 2 (Cav2) modulation of mechano- and thermosensitive spinal neuronal responses in a rat model of osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, W; Patel, R; Dickenson, A H

    2015-10-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) remains one of the greatest healthcare burdens in western society, with chronic debilitating pain-dominating clinical presentation yet therapeutic strategies are inadequate in many patients. Development of better analgesics is contingent on improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms mediating OA pain. Voltage-gated calcium channels 2.2 (Cav2.2) play a critical role in spinal nociceptive transmission, therefore blocking Cav2.2 activity represents an attractive opportunity for OA pain treatment, but the only available licensed Cav2.2 antagonist ziconitide (PrilatTM) is of limited use. TROX-1 is an orally available, use dependent and state-selective Cav2 antagonist, exerting its analgesic effect primarily via Cav2.2 blockade, with an improved therapeutic window compared with ziconitide. Using a rat model of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA), 2 mg, induced OA we used in vivo electrophysiology to assess the effects of spinal or systemic administration of TROX-1 on the evoked activity of wide dynamic range spinal dorsal horn neurons in response to electrical, natural mechanical (dynamic brush and von Frey 2, 8, 26 and 6 g) and thermal (40, 45 and 45 °C) stimuli applied to the peripheral receptive field. MIA injection into the knee joint resulted in mechanical hypersensitivity of the ipsilateral hind paw and weight-bearing asymmetry. Spinal administration of TROX-1 (0.1 and 1 μg/50 μl) produced a significant dose-related inhibition of dynamic brush, mechanical (von Frey filament (vF) 8, 26 and 60 g) and noxious thermal-(45 and 48 °C) evoked neuronal responses in MIA rats only. Systemic administration of TROX-1 produced a significant inhibition of the mechanical-(vF 8, 26 and 60 g) evoked neuronal responses in MIA rats. TROX-1 did not produce any significant effect on any neuronal measure in Sham controls. Our in vivo electrophysiological results demonstrate a pathological state-dependent effect of TROX-1, which suggests an increased functional

  6. Handheld mechanical nociceptive threshold testing in dairy cows – intra-individual variation, inter-observer agreement and variation over time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raundal, Peter M; Andersen, Pia H; Toft, Nils; Forkman, Björn; Munksgaard, Lene; Herskin, Mette S

    2014-01-01

    Objective To examine the use of handheld methodology to assess mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) on cows kept loose-housed. Study design Prospective randomized partial cross-over experimental study. A one-factor (test day) design was used to evaluate MNT over time. Animals One hundred and fifteen healthy, loose-housed Danish Holstein cattle. Methods We evaluated intra-individual variation, inter-observer agreement and variation over time of MNT using two handheld devices and two stimulation sites. Mechanical, ramped stimulations were performed with an algometer (6.5 mm diameter steel probe, 0–10.0 kgf) or an electronic von Frey device (plastic tip with diameter 0.8 mm, 0–1000 gf). Each cow received 5–6 consecutive stimulations within a 2 × 5 cm skin area on the dorsal or lateral aspect of the left third metatarsus until an avoidance reaction occurred. We investigated the difference in precision [expressed as coefficient of variation (CV)] between the combinations of devices and stimulation sites. The inter-observer agreement and the difference in MNT between test day 1, 3, 7, 10 and 24 were investigated for selected combinations. Data were analysed in mixed models and Bland-Altman as relevant. Results The CVs did not differ [range 0.34–0.52 (p = 0.1)]. Difference between observers (95% limits) was 0.2 kgf (2.8) and 4 gf (369) for the algometer and von Frey device, respectively. Mechanical nociceptive threshold increased from 361 on test day one to 495 gf on test day 24 (p < 0.01). Conclusion and clinical relevance All methods showed a high degree of intra-individual variation, and no combination of device and stimulation site showed superior precision. Mean difference between observers was low, and MNT was not consistent over time. Further development of the methods is required before they can be used in research to investigate possible relations between claw lesions and hyperalgesia. PMID:24734991

  7. Handheld mechanical nociceptive threshold testing in dairy cows - intra-individual variation, inter-observer agreement and variation over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raundal, Peter M; Andersen, Pia H; Toft, Nils; Forkman, Björn; Munksgaard, Lene; Herskin, Mette S

    2014-11-01

    To examine the use of handheld methodology to assess mechanical nociceptive threshold (MNT) on cows kept loose-housed. Prospective randomized partial cross-over experimental study. A one-factor (test day) design was used to evaluate MNT over time. One hundred and fifteen healthy, loose-housed Danish Holstein cattle. We evaluated intra-individual variation, inter-observer agreement and variation over time of MNT using two handheld devices and two stimulation sites. Mechanical, ramped stimulations were performed with an algometer (6.5 mm diameter steel probe, 0-10.0 kgf) or an electronic von Frey device (plastic tip with diameter 0.8 mm, 0-1000 gf). Each cow received 5-6 consecutive stimulations within a 2 × 5 cm skin area on the dorsal or lateral aspect of the left third metatarsus until an avoidance reaction occurred. We investigated the difference in precision [expressed as coefficient of variation (CV)] between the combinations of devices and stimulation sites. The inter-observer agreement and the difference in MNT between test day 1, 3, 7, 10 and 24 were investigated for selected combinations. Data were analysed in mixed models and Bland-Altman as relevant. The CVs did not differ [range 0.34-0.52 (p = 0.1)]. Difference between observers (95% limits) was 0.2 kgf (2.8) and 4 gf (369) for the algometer and von Frey device, respectively. Mechanical nociceptive threshold increased from 361 on test day one to 495 gf on test day 24 (p < 0.01). All methods showed a high degree of intra-individual variation, and no combination of device and stimulation site showed superior precision. Mean difference between observers was low, and MNT was not consistent over time. Further development of the methods is required before they can be used in research to investigate possible relations between claw lesions and hyperalgesia. © 2014 The Authors Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists and the

  8. INVESTASI ASING LANGSUNG DI INDONESIA DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarwedi Sarwedi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available There have been many studies on the determinants of foreign direct investment or FDI. Howerer, they are different both in the methodologies and the results. Although the influence of many factors that are assumed to be fixed (ceteris paribus are very strong-such as macroeconomic variables GDP, economic growth and inflation, they left various conclusions and debates. FDI can be one of the important sources of capital in developing countries, and contribute, the national development by transfer of asset, management, and technology to stimulate the economy of the country. The research model uses some domestic characteristics, that will be combined in a short and long run period by using OLS. The Error Correction Model (ECM and Granger Causality Test, are applied to the determine the factors that influence the foreign direct investment (FDI in Indonesia within 1978 -2001. The result shows that economic variables such as GDP, growth, wage and export have positive effect to FDI. While non-economic variables such as Political Stability (SP shows a negative effect. This conclusion is in a harmony with the empirical study done by Schneider and Frey (1986 that politicaal stability has a negative relations ship with FDI. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Saat ini sudah terdapat banyak studi tentang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi investasi asing langsung (foreign direct investment atau FDI. Namun demikian metodologi yang digunakan dan hasil studi masih sangat bervariasi. Meskipun faktor-faktor yang dianggap tetap (ceteris paribus pengaruhnya sangat kuat, seperti variabel makro ekonomi yaitu pendapatan nasional, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan inflasi, tetapi masih juga terdapat kesimpulan yang berbeda dan menimbulkan berbagai perdebatan. FDI menjadi salah satu sumber pembiayaan (modal yang penting bagi negara berkembang, dan mampu memberikan kontribusi yang cukup besar bagi pembangunan melalui transfer asset dan manajemen, serta transfer teknologi guna mendorong

  9. [In Process Citation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahnisch, Frank W

    2014-01-01

    Since the middle of the Nineteenth Century, neurophysiological researchers such as Theodor Fechner (1801-1887), Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), or Maximilian Ruppert Franz von Frey (1852-1932) started to analyze the causes, propagation, and perception of "pain" in the nervous system through the systematic use of experimental laboratory investigations. Particularly, Theodor Fechner's groundbreaking works made the contemporary neurophysiologists aware of the potential inclusion of psychological and subjective perceptions as a respectable object for the experimental study in mid-nineteenth century laboratories and clinical wards. Wilhelm Wundt frequently crossed the intersections between animal and human subject research and opened up many theoretical discussions, which also incorporated pluridisciplinary perspectives. On the research side, Wundt worked with many experimental physiological methods, developed theoretical psychophysiological considerations, and provided a detailed philosophical analysis of the new experimental findings and the subjective accounts of pain perceptions in his test persons--among many other experimental and investigative approaches. While each one of these neurophysiologists' research programs have been extensively studied in their own right, their mutual contributions to modern pain research and impact on this emerging interdisciplinary field of biomedical, psychophysiological and philosophical studies have so far not sufficiently been analyzed from a historiographical perspective. This even regards their highly sophisticated instruments and apparatuses that they applied to the study of pain, which Maximilian von Frey used further in the medical wards at the Fin de Siècle. These instruments became applied to many patients with acute or chronic pain disorders. In a way, the substantial time lag between early laboratory research and the application of these findings in the medical clinics of the time could also be explained as a process of newly

  10. Reproducibility of the heat/capsaicin skin sensitization model in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavallone LF

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Laura F Cavallone,1 Karen Frey,1 Michael C Montana,1 Jeremy Joyal,1 Karen J Regina,1 Karin L Petersen,2 Robert W Gereau IV11Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University in St Louis, School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA; 2California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USAIntroduction: Heat/capsaicin skin sensitization is a well-characterized human experimental model to induce hyperalgesia and allodynia. Using this model, gabapentin, among other drugs, was shown to significantly reduce cutaneous hyperalgesia compared to placebo. Since the larger thermal probes used in the original studies to produce heat sensitization are now commercially unavailable, we decided to assess whether previous findings could be replicated with a currently available smaller probe (heated area 9 cm2 versus 12.5–15.7 cm2.Study design and methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, 15 adult healthy volunteers participated in two study sessions, scheduled 1 week apart (Part A. In both sessions, subjects were exposed to the heat/capsaicin cutaneous sensitization model. Areas of hypersensitivity to brush stroke and von Frey (VF filament stimulation were measured at baseline and after rekindling of skin sensitization. Another group of 15 volunteers was exposed to an identical schedule and set of sensitization procedures, but, in each session, received either gabapentin or placebo (Part B.Results: Unlike previous reports, a similar reduction of areas of hyperalgesia was observed in all groups/sessions. Fading of areas of hyperalgesia over time was observed in Part A. In Part B, there was no difference in area reduction after gabapentin compared to placebo.Conclusion: When using smaller thermal probes than originally proposed, modifications of other parameters of sensitization and/or rekindling process may be needed to allow the heat/capsaicin sensitization protocol to be used as initially intended. Standardization and validation of

  11. Main guidelines of Estonia's foreign policy : address by Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Minister of Foreign Affairs, on behalf of the Government of Estonia to the Riigikogu, 8 June 2000 / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2000-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti välispoliitika põhisuundadest: välisministri kõne Riigikogus, milles käsitletakse NATO ja Euroopa Liiduga ühinemise protsesse ning välismajandussuhete arengut. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad

  12. A. H. T. lahkumine Koitjärvelt : lapse sünd "Kõrboja peremehes" / Toomas Haug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haug, Toomas, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Anton Hansen Tammsaare romaanist "Kõrboja peremees", selle kokkupuudetest Knut Hamsuni loominguga ning romaani religioossetest aspektidest, samuti Kõrboja Anna tegelaskujust. Sisaldab värsse Soome eeposest "Kalevala". Räägitakse ka Anton Hansen Tammsaare suhetest Käthe Hanseniga

  13. Eesti välisminister jätab ELis ainsana Rice'iga kohtumata / Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildam, Toomas, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Seoses Rein Langi ametisse astumisega 22. veebr., ei jõua ta EL-i välisministrite kohtumisele USA välisministri Condoleezza Rice'iga ega NATO Nõukogu istungile. Lisa: Kaks nädalat välisministrita

  14. Juhan Parts võrdles sotse NSV Liidu käsilastega / Kärt Anvelt, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Eelmises peaministris Juhan Partsis on tekitanud pahameelt Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Partei volikogu liikme Jaan Kaplinski avaldus, milles nenditakse, et Eesti kaitseväelaste osalemist Iraagi missioonil on aina raskem põhjendada

  15. Säästva renoveerimise meistrikursused : SRIK-Tallinn (Väike-Patarei 3, Tallinn) / Toomas Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Toomas, 1940-

    2005-01-01

    Rein Tedrekulli koolitustsükkel (loengud Väike-Patarei 3, töötoad Liivalaia 19a): vanade uste restaureerimine - 1. III loeng, 5. III töötuba; vanade akende restaureerimine - 8. III loeng, 12. III töötuba; vana mööbli restaureerimine - 15. III loeng, 19. III töötuba. Siidimaali sissejuhatav kursus: 18. III Väike-Patarei 3 töötuba, mida juhendab kunstnik Evi Vares

  16. Estonian President Urges West To 'Pay Attention To What Is Going On' / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Charles Recknagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti riigipea intervjuu raadiojaamale Raadio Vaba Euroopa. President räägib demokraatia ja inimõiguste käekäigust endise Nõukogude Liidu territooriumil, poliitilistest suundumustest Venemaal ning kritiseerib Lääneriikide valitsusi selle eest, et need on jätnud inimõiguste eest võitlemise eeskätt rahvusvahelistele organisatsioonidele

  17. Res extra commercium intellektuaalse omandi õiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Toomas Liiva ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Anu Uritam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiva, Toomas, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Intellektuaalse omandi ajalugu - moraalsed ja varalised õigused, autoriõiguse kuritarvitamine; intellektuaalse omandi filosoofia - plagiaat, informatsiooniteooria, infoga kaubitsemise tulevik; intellektuaalse omandi poliitika

  18. "Es ist nicht nachhaltig, wenn mit Betrügen fortgefahren wird" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Rudolf Burger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti riigipea räägib karmimate eelarvereeglite kehtestamise kokkuleppest Euroopa Liidus, Eesti majanduslikust arengust ja maksupoliitikast, euroala probleemidest, suhetest Venemaaga. Visiit Šveitsi ja Austriasse 07.12.2011 - 11.12.2011

  19. Plejaadid jõuavad taevasse : transatlantilisus ja laienemine itta / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; tõlk. Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Erinevad arusaamad ajaloost lääne- ja idaeurooplaste suhete mõjutajana. Euroopa Liidu vanade ja uute liikmesriikide suhtumisest transatlantilistesse suhetesse. Vene keeles ilmunud ajakirjas: Rossija v globalnoi politike 15. nov. 2006, nr. 6

  20. Uudised : Therese Raide loominguline õhtu. Küünlakuu kontsert Adamson-Ericus. Maailmamuusika tippansambel Eestis / Toomas Kuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuter, Toomas, 1965-

    2001-01-01

    20. veebr. toimub T. Raide loominguline õhtu, kus tähistatakse muusiku 80. sünnipäeva. 18. veebr. toimub Adamson-Ericu muuseumis kolmas kontsert sarjast "Barokkmaastikud". Terem-Quartet esineb 22. veebr. Tartus ja 23. veebr. Tallinnas