WorldWideScience

Sample records for fr29se10n incidental takes

  1. 78 FR 33357 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... confidence in these values is unknown. Table 3--Marine Mammal Density Estimates Density Species (animals/km\\2... unintentional taking of marine animals occurring incidental to the shock testing which involved large explosives... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Conducting...

  2. 78 FR 52135 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ...--Marine Mammal Density Estimates Density Species (animals/km \\2\\) Bottlenose dolphin \\1\\ 0.455 Atlantic... criteria and thresholds in a final rule on the unintentional taking of marine animals occurring incidental... analysis assumed the marine species populations were 100 percent small animals. The criterion with the...

  3. 76 FR 62378 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ....noaa.gov/publications/tm/tm210/ . The West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) is managed by the U.S... populations of marine mammals that are expected to be present in the action area. The Incidental Take... mammal populations; (iii) results of the monitoring program, including numbers by species/stock of any...

  4. 77 FR 72327 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC283 Takes of...), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice; issuance of an incidental... State Parks). Once a particular study has ended, the respective sampling equipment is removed. No trash...

  5. 76 FR 41463 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-14

    ... requirements, many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a Marine... Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). ACTION: Notice; proposed...

  6. 75 FR 34700 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    ... National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) to incidentally take, by Level B harassment only, California sea lions.... ADDRESSES: The LOA and supporting documentation are available for review in the Permits, Conservation, and... taking of California sea lions and Pacific harbor seals, by Level B harassment, incidental to commercial...

  7. 77 FR 65059 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... harassment, small numbers of nine species of marine mammals incidental to in-ice marine seismic surveys in..., by harassment, from ION's in-ice seismic survey will have a negligible impacton the affected species... whales and other marine mammal species in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas during ION's in-ice seismic...

  8. 76 FR 42082 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; False Killer Whale Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; False Killer Whale Take Reduction Plan AGENCY...: NMFS announces the availability of a Draft False Killer Whale Take Reduction Plan developed by the False Killer Whale Take Reduction Team. This proposed rule would implement the proposed False Killer...

  9. 76 FR 12751 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Receipt of Applications for Incidental Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... Incidental Take Permits; Availability of Proposed Low- Effect Habitat Conservation Plan and Associated... the availability of incidental take permit (ITP) applications and a Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP... incidental to land preparation for the extension and paving of a road, the construction of a fellowship hall...

  10. 78 FR 15737 - Incidental Take Permit Amendment and Supplemental Environmental Assessment for Wind Energy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ...] Incidental Take Permit Amendment and Supplemental Environmental Assessment for Wind Energy Development... of a revised habitat conservation plan (revised HCP) and accompanying documents for wind energy... of Puerto Rican crested toad (Peltophryne lemur) incidental to the previously authorized wind energy...

  11. 77 FR 30996 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy's Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    .... One observer was dedicated to the port side of the vessel and the other observer was responsible for the starboard side. The observers were also responsible for recording the global positioning system... request, the incidental, but not intentional taking of marine mammals by U.S. citizens who engage in a...

  12. 76 FR 39705 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Operation of Offshore...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... receptor. Take of marine mammals by Level B harassment incidental to the activities mentioned in this... BP (BPXA, 1999). Underwater and in-air sounds and iceborne vibrations of various activities... and vibrations measured around the Northstar prospect. Ice road construction is difficult to separate...

  13. 77 FR 73434 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... source vessels. Each source vessel would be equipped with compressors and 2400 in\\3\\ air gun arrays, as... equipped with compressors and 2400 in\\3\\ air gun arrays. In addition, one source vessel would be equipped...), and if the permissible methods of taking and requirements pertaining to the mitigation, monitoring and...

  14. 78 FR 12720 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-25

    ... be equipped with compressors and 2400 in\\3\\ air gun arrays, as well as additional lower-powered and... vessels. Each source vessel is equipped with compressors and 2400 in\\3\\ air gun arrays. In addition, one... requirements pertaining to the mitigation, monitoring and reporting of such takings. NMFS has defined...

  15. 77 FR 49921 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ... stock(s) for subsistence uses (where relevant), and if the permissible methods of taking and.../ fathometer instruments for continuous measurements of water depth while underway. These instruments are used... natural sounds, behavioral disturbance, and, at least in theory, temporary or permanent hearing impairment...

  16. 76 FR 43639 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... application from Tetra Tech EC, Inc., on behalf of the Northeast Gateway[supreg] Energy Bridge TM L.P.... (Excelerate) and Tetra Tech EC, Inc., on behalf of Northeast Gateway for an authorization to take 13 species... Massachusetts Bay. They are: North Atlantic right whale, humpback whale, fin whale, minke whale, long-finned...

  17. 76 FR 68974 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... marine species would be less significant in comparison. During ice management, the vessel's propeller is... seal (75 FR 77496) in the Federal Register. Neither of these two ice seal species is considered... to take, by Level B harassment only, eight species of marine mammals during the specified activity...

  18. 76 FR 13130 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... species upon which they depend. Additionally, while some seals may cease hauling out on the ice and enter... taking will have a negligible impact on the species or stock(s), will not have an unmitigable adverse impact on the availability of the species or stock(s) for subsistence uses (where relevant), and if the...

  19. 76 FR 69957 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... effects to marine species would be less significant in comparison. During ice management, the vessel's... only, 12 species of marine mammals during the specified activity. DATES: Comments and information must... NMFS finds that the taking will have a negligible impact on the species or stock(s), will not have an...

  20. 75 FR 25729 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... the resulting effects to marine species would be less significant in comparison. During ice-management... its proposal to issue an IHA to Shell to take, by Level B harassment only, 12 species of marine... impact on the species or stock(s), will not have an unmitigable adverse impact on the availability of the...

  1. 75 FR 5045 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ....noaa.gov/publications/tm/tm210/ . The West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) is managed by the U.S... result in increased knowledge of the species and of the level of taking or impacts on populations of... mammal populations; (iii) results of the monitoring program, including numbers by species/stock of any...

  2. 76 FR 9250 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ...-finned pilot whale. Order Sirenia Trichechus manatus West Indian Endangered. manatee. [[Page 9252... of the level of taking or impacts on populations of marine mammals that are expected to be present... and to varying degrees) may impact the population, species, or stock (specifically through effects on...

  3. 77 FR 65864 - Receipt of an Application for Incidental Take Permit (16230)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... an Application for Incidental Take Permit (16230) AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS... amended application for an incidental take permit (Permit) from the North Carolina Division of Marine... (Polomolobus mediocris), and catfishes (Ictalurus sp.). Large mesh gill net fisheries for flounder...

  4. 76 FR 80891 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Cape Wind's High Resolution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... to non-tactical sonar sources used in conjunction with seismic surveys. The pseudo-random noise... request, the incidental, but not intentional, taking of small numbers of marine mammals by U.S. citizens... authorization to incidentally take small numbers of marine mammals by harassment. Section 101(a)(5)(D...

  5. 76 FR 39386 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Port of Anchorage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... graduate and undergraduate marine biology students conducted approximately 600 hours of scientific... Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Port of Anchorage Marine Terminal Redevelopment Project AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

  6. 75 FR 38465 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Port of Anchorage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ..., from May 4 through November 18, 2009, trained graduate and undergraduate marine biology students... Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to the Port of Anchorage Marine Terminal Redevelopment Project AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

  7. 75 FR 67951 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Piling and Structure Removal in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-04

    ... mammals, by harassment, incidental to derelict creosote piling and structure removal within the Woodard... authorization to take, by harassment, small numbers of marine mammals incidental to derelict creosote piling and... restoration effort. The piles designated to be removed have been treated with creosote, a wood preservative...

  8. 75 FR 20344 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Rocket Launches from...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-19

    ... Marine Mammals Incidental to Rocket Launches from Kodiak, AK AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service... (Eumetopias jubatus) and Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi) incidental to rocket launches from... Steller sea lions and harbor seals, by harassment, incidental to rocket launches at KLC, became effective...

  9. 77 FR 6771 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 218 RIN 0648-BB14 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of... remain anonymous). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, Word...

  10. 76 FR 11205 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Construction and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... Marine Mammals Incidental to Construction and Operation of a Liquefied Natural Gas Deepwater Port in the Gulf of Mexico AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric... marine mammal species incidental to construction and operation of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) deepwater...

  11. 77 FR 33718 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... Internet at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/permits/incidental.htm . Documents cited in this notice may also... dependence was found in MIRC. Generally, in the case of ranges determined from energy metrics, as the depth...

  12. The role of demographic compensation theory in incidental take assessments for endangered species

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Conor P.; Ryan, Mark R.; Runge, Michael C.; Millspaugh, Joshua J.; Cochrane, Jean Fitts

    2011-01-01

    Many endangered species laws provide exceptions to legislated prohibitions through incidental take provisions as long as take is the result of unintended consequences of an otherwise legal activity. These allowances presumably invoke the theory of demographic compensation, commonly applied to harvested species, by allowing limited harm as long as the probability of the species' survival or recovery is not reduced appreciably. Demographic compensation requires some density-dependent limits on survival or reproduction in a species' annual cycle that can be alleviated through incidental take. Using a population model for piping plovers in the Great Plains, we found that when the population is in rapid decline or when there is no density dependence, the probability of quasi-extinction increased linearly with increasing take. However, when the population is near stability and subject to density-dependent survival, there was no relationship between quasi-extinction probability and take rates. We note however, that a brief examination of piping plover demography and annual cycles suggests little room for compensatory capacity. We argue that a population's capacity for demographic compensation of incidental take should be evaluated when considering incidental allowances because compensation is the only mechanism whereby a population can absorb the negative effects of take without incurring a reduction in the probability of survival in the wild. With many endangered species there is probably little known about density dependence and compensatory capacity. Under these circumstances, using multiple system models (with and without compensation) to predict the population's response to incidental take and implementing follow-up monitoring to assess species response may be valuable in increasing knowledge and improving future decision making.

  13. 77 FR 42756 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Draft Habitat Conservation Plan for Incidental Take of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... lawful activities including the regulation and use of groundwater for irrigation, industrial, municipal... activities including the regulation and use of groundwater for irrigation, industrial, municipal, domestic... potentially need individual section 10(a)(1)(B) incidental take permits on a project-by-project basis if their...

  14. 77 FR 43609 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service [FWS-R6-ES-2012-N113; FF06E24000-123-FXES11130600000D2] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Draft..., canals, roads, bridges, and utility lines; livestock grazing and agricultural practices; tamarisk and...

  15. 75 FR 28568 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... Observatory (L-DEO), a part of Columbia University, for an Incidental Harassment Authorization (IHA) to take... Korenaga (Yale University, New Haven, CT), William Sager (Texas A&M University, College Station, TX), and... strong sound source include stress, neurological effects, bubble formation, and other types of organ or...

  16. 76 FR 41287 - Incidental Take Permits and Joint Environmental Assessment for Four Single Family Residences in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... trissyllepsis) on Perdido Key in Escambia County, Florida. Each HCP analyzes the take incidental to construction... the Applicants. Each of the four HCPs covers activities associated with the construction and occupancy... NEPA regulations (40 CFR 1506.6). Dated: June 15, 2011. Mark J. Musaus, Acting Regional Director. [FR...

  17. 77 FR 45368 - Draft Environmental Assessment, Habitat Conservation Plan, and Application for an Incidental Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ... wind farm. A conservation program to minimize and mitigate for the impacts of the incidental take would... farm. Pursuant to the ESA and the National Environmental Policy Act, we announce the availability of... alternatives on the human environment. The Service will evaluate whether the proposed action, issuance of an...

  18. 76 FR 61670 - Receipt of an Application for Incidental Take Permit (16230)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... an Application for Incidental Take Permit (16230) AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS... Division of Marine Fisheries (NCDMF) pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA). As...), hickory shad (Polomolobus mediocris), and catfishes (Ictalurus sp.). Large mesh gill net fisheries for...

  19. 75 FR 42698 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Installation of Meteorological Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XW81 Takes of...), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice; proposed incidental... operational waste generated from vessels includes bilge and ballast waters, trash and debris, and sanitary and...

  20. 75 FR 61426 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Installation of Meteorological Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XW81 Takes of...), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice; issuance of incidental... impacts from operational waste generated from vessels includes bilge and ballast waters, trash and debris...

  1. 77 FR 49412 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-16

    ...-frequency sonar signals, killer whale (Orcinus orca) recordings (in 2007), and pseudo-random noise (PRN, in... Commerce (Secretary) to allow, upon request, the incidental, but not intentional taking of small numbers of.... 108- 136) removed the ``small numbers'' and ``specified geographical region'' limitations and amended...

  2. 75 FR 68767 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... North Pacific Ocean so that human-caused mortality and serious injury are less than 10 percent of a PBR... impact to the human environment or effects on threatened or endangered species beyond those analyzed in... determination that incidental taking from commercial fishing will have a negligible impact on the endangered...

  3. 77 FR 10481 - Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to the Explosive Removal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... regulations that include permissible methods of taking and other means of effecting the least practicable........ None None. Block 417, Caisson A. ERT Brazos Area, Block June 14 to 20 and June Bottlenose dolphins None...

  4. 77 FR 43270 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial Fireworks Displays at Monterey Bay National Marine... supporting documentation are available for review in the Permits, and Conservation Division, Office of... of marine mammals by United States citizens who engage in a specified activity (other than commercial...

  5. 78 FR 13865 - Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to the Explosive Removal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... (where relevant). In addition, NMFS must prescribe regulations that include permissible methods of taking... June 3 to 4, 2012; June 17 Bottlenose dolphins None. Area, Block 63, to 19, 2012. (51). Caisson 18. ERT South Timbalier June 5 to 8, 2012 Bottlenose dolphins None. Area, Block 63, (19). Caisson 23. ERT...

  6. 76 FR 23570 - Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to the Explosive Removal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... permissible methods of taking and other means of effecting the least practicable adverse impact on the species... None. Block 39, Caisson 2010. (1). 9. Merit High Island Area, May 25 to 26, None None. Block 39, Platform B. 2010. Merit High Island Area, May 27 to 30, Bottlenose dolphins None. Block 39, Caisson 2010...

  7. 77 FR 21946 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Bottlenose Dolphin Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ...; Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and... National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) proposes to amend the Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan... Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Team (BDTRT) recommended these regulations be continued permanently...

  8. 77 FR 45268 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Bottlenose Dolphin Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ...; Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and... Service (NMFS) issues this final rule amending the Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan (BDTRP) and its... Dolphin Take Reduction Team (Team) recommended these regulations be continued permanently, without...

  9. 76 FR 46753 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... taking are set forth. NMFS has defined ``negligible impact'' in 50 CFR 216.103 as ``an impact resulting... with respect to certain activities not pertinent here, the MMPA defines ``harassment'' as: any act of... 922.132). Authorization of professional firework displays has required a steady refinement of policies...

  10. 76 FR 7548 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Conducting Precision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ... amended the definition of ``harassment'' as it applies to a ``military readiness activity'' to read as... of natural behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, surfacing, nursing... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XA149 Taking and...

  11. 75 FR 38991 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ...'' limitations and amended the definition of ``harassment'' as it applies to a ``military readiness activity'' to... disruption of natural behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, surfacing, nursing... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-AY99 Taking and...

  12. 76 FR 3092 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy's Mission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... not intentional taking of marine mammals by U.S. citizens who engage in a military readiness activity... importance (i.e., for reproduction, feeding, migration) and/ or high densities. The second working group will... integrated and analyzed in a broader follow-on symposium to include a larger audience of scientists...

  13. 75 FR 80259 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Operation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... Part V Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 217... and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 217 [Docket No. 0808041026-9015-01] RIN 0648-AX09 Taking... 148.5 dB re 1 [mu]Pa at 1 m at 2,000 Hertz (Hz) to 174.5 dB re 1 [micro]Pa at 1 m at 10 Hz. Figures 1...

  14. 78 FR 10202 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). The applicant anticipates taking about 2.99... tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), incidental to land preparation and for the construction of the Sandy Pines... permit, the applicant anticipates taking a total of approximately 2.99 acres of scrub-jay, indigo snake...

  15. 78 FR 49729 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Air Force Launches, Aircraft and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    .../Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) at VAFB, CA, from February 2014 through February 2019. Pursuant.../incidental.htm without change. All Personal Identifying Information (for example, name, address, etc... NMFS finds that the taking will have a negligible impact on the species or stock(s), will not have an...

  16. 75 FR 13498 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Dumbarton Bridge Seismic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Dumbarton Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project... pile driving associated with the Dumbarton Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project. DATES: Effective August 15... request from Caltrans to harass marine mammals incidental to the Dumbarton Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project...

  17. 75 FR 48941 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Piling and Structure Removal in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ..., by harassment, incidental to derelict creosote piling and structure removal within the Woodard Bay... incidental to derelict creosote piling and structure removal associated with a habitat restoration project... proposed project involves the removal of 615 creosote treated wood pilings and overwater creosoted...

  18. 76 FR 6430 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ..., many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli (Richardson... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Pacific Ocean off Costa Rica, April Through May, 2011 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic...

  19. 77 FR 12010 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... anthropogenic sounds, studies of other marine animals and terrestrial animals would lead us to expect some... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  20. 76 FR 77782 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ..., 1963), but because of ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, February to March 2012 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National...

  1. 76 FR 33246 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Central-Western Bering Sea, August 2011 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and...

  2. 76 FR 57959 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ..., many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli (Richardson... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Central Pacific Ocean, November, 2011 Through January, 2012 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and...

  3. 76 FR 18167 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ..., many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli (Richardson... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Central Gulf of Alaska, June, 2011 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

  4. 78 FR 19652 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Office of Naval Research Acoustic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...), but because of ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain in... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Office of Naval Research Acoustic Technology Experiments in the Western North Pacific Ocean AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National...

  5. 78 FR 47282 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ..., and location) and marine mammal and/or indicator presence, species, number of animals, their behavior... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  6. 77 FR 25966 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Three Marine Geophysical Surveys in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ..., 1963), but because of ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Three Marine Geophysical Surveys in the Northeast Pacific Ocean, June Through July 2012 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and...

  7. 78 FR 34047 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... levels for these animals may be estimated using TTS data from marine mammals and relationships between... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Activities at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Panama City Division AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  8. 78 FR 71576 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... basic knowledge of marine mammal biology on NWSR. Negligible Impact and Small Numbers Analysis and... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station Restoration and Maintenance at Northwest Seal Rock, Del Norte County, California AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service...

  9. 75 FR 29984 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ..., NMFS must now consider providing the HI-based deep-set fishery a permit including lethal as well as non..., Honolulu, HI, 96814 Attention - Lisa Van Atta, Assistant Regional Administrator. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... whales are taken incidental to fisheries in Alaskan, as well as Hawaiian, waters the proposed permit was...

  10. 76 FR 20325 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... hereby given that NMFS has issued an Incidental Harassment Authorization (IHA) to Lamont-Doherty Earth... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... subarrays will fire alternately, so that no more than 18 airguns will fire at any time during the survey...

  11. 77 FR 4765 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... seismic boat. In the 2000 study, McCauley et al. noted localized displacement during migration of four to... Brazil (Parente et al., 2006), or with direct studies of humpbacks exposed to seismic surveys in other... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Northwest Pacific...

  12. 77 FR 47603 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction and Race Event...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ... Internet at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/permits/incidental.htm . For those members of the public unable to view these documents on the internet, a copy may be obtained by writing to the address specified above.... As a result of the dependence on a large number of varying factors, the ambient sound levels at a...

  13. 77 FR 841 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... and the Single Ping Equivalent (SPE) To model potential impacts to marine animals from exposure to... Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 218 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals... [Docket No. 110808485-1534-01] RIN 0648-BB14 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals...

  14. 77 FR 50289 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... implement. SAG members will include recognized marine biology and marine bio-acoustic scientific subject... Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 218 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals... Part 218 [Docket No. 110808485-2148-02] RIN 0648-BB14 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking...

  15. 77 FR 6086 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and Test...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... reporting of such taking. Regulations governing the taking of Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi... the launch, the video showed the presence of 48 adult harbor seals at the Flat Iron Rock haul-out site...

  16. 78 FR 73794 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Air Force Launches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ..., including, but not limited to, migration, surfacing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering, to a point... hours to remove a complement of three common booster cores. It would take up to 2 additional hours to...

  17. 76 FR 49737 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... and buffer zones and associated takes of marine mammals using site-specific information. Response: In... importance of site-specific estimates. Based on these reasons, and the information provided by USGS in their... the proposed exclusion and buffer zones and associated takes of marine mammals, the USGS provide a...

  18. 77 FR 56613 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... odontocetes, including sperm, pygmy sperm, dwarf sperm, killer, and beaked whales). We believe that 30 minutes... vessel. We present the take authorization in the far right column of Table 3. For endangered species, the...

  19. 78 FR 36527 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction at Bremerton Ferry...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... binoculars is necessary to correctly identify the target. Advanced education (at least some college level...., population-level effects). An estimate of the number of Level B harassment takes alone is not enough...

  20. 77 FR 38587 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Harbor Activities Related to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-28

    ..., breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment]. Summary of Request We received an application on May... six hours to remove a complement of three common booster cores. It would take up to two additional... for about a week before going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with...

  1. 76 FR 21862 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Harbor Activities Related to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... hours to remove a complement of three CBCs. It would take up to two additional hours to remove remaining... before going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing bouts until...

  2. 75 FR 8652 - Incidental Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ... for marine animals before and during airgun operations. NMFS believes that the realistic possibility... Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, April to June 2010 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS...

  3. 76 FR 75525 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ...-estimate the proposed exclusion (EZs) and buffer zones and associated takes of marine mammals using site... interaction), thus decreasing the importance of site-specific estimates. Based on these reasons, and the... 2: The Commission recommends that NMFS require L-DEO, if the exclusion zones (EZ) and buffer zones...

  4. 50 CFR 222.307 - Permits for incidental taking of species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... best available technology for minimizing or mitigating impacts; and (v) The views of the public... number of animals covered; (3) The authorized method of taking; (4) The procedures to be used to handle or dispose of any animals taken; and (5) The payment of an adequate fee to the National Marine...

  5. 78 FR 19217 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Cape Wind's High Resolution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... conjunction with seismic surveys. The pseudo-random noise stimulus and tactical sonar-like signals that were..., but not intentional, taking of small numbers of marine mammals by U.S. citizens who engage in a... small numbers of marine mammals by harassment, provided that there is no potential for serious injury or...

  6. 78 FR 33811 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ..., many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli (Richardson... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low- Energy Marine Geophysical Survey in the Tropical Western Pacific Ocean, September to October 2013 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS...

  7. 78 FR 10137 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey on the Mid...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain in areas where they are... audible to the animals based on measured received levels and the hearing sensitivity of the marine mammal... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in...

  8. 78 FR 24161 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... animal's hearing threshold will recover over time (Southall et al. 2007). Since marine mammals depend on... experiment (Finneran et al. 2002). However, in order for marine mammals to experience TTS or PTS, the animals... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver Strand Training...

  9. 76 FR 7156 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... whale. If no marine mammals are seen by the observer in that time it would be assumed that the animal... of marine animals sighted; (7) Direction of travel; (8) Environmental information associated with... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the San Francisco...

  10. 77 FR 19242 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ...., 1995; Thorpe, 1963), but because of ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may... Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low- Energy Marine Geophysical Survey in the Central Pacific Ocean, May Through June, 2012 AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic...

  11. 77 FR 87 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... around the BTs. The endangered West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) has been sighted rarely (Lefebvre... result in increased knowledge of the species and of the level of taking or impacts on populations of... anticipated takes of individuals (in different ways and to varying degrees) may impact the population, species...

  12. 78 FR 57354 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ...-estimate the proposed exclusion and buffer zones and associated takes of marine mammals accordingly...-estimate the proposed exclusion and buffer zones and associated takes of marine mammals using site-specific... process of producing such revisions. In particular, NMFS [[Page 57358

  13. 75 FR 54095 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Seismic Survey in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... estimate rates of deposition downstream from potential sediment sources on the topographic highs and to... behavior or moving a small distance, the response may or may not rise to the level of ``taking'', or affect...

  14. 78 FR 4428 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... take permit (ITP) application and a Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP). Palmetto Lake Hamilton-Highway 17... may obtain a copy of the ITP application and HCP by writing the South Florida Ecological Services... Landrum, Fish and Wildlife Biologist, South Florida Ecological Services Office (see ADDRESSES); telephone...

  15. 75 FR 72807 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... Pamlico Sound around the BTs. The endangered West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) has been sighted... result in increased knowledge of the species and of the level of taking or impacts on populations of... population, species, or stock (specifically through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival); (d...

  16. 77 FR 14734 - Incidental Take Permit and Habitat Conservation Plan for PacifiCorp Klamath Hydroelectric Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Take Permit and Habitat Conservation Plan for PacifiCorp Klamath Hydroelectric Project Interim... (Oncorhynchus kisutch) as a result of operation and maintenance of its Klamath Hydroelectric Project (Project... releases of flows from Link River dam for purposes of hydroelectric generation, (2) Operate and maintain...

  17. 76 FR 25307 - Incidental Take Permit and Habitat Conservation Plan for PacifiCorp Klamath Hydroelectric Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... Take Permit and Habitat Conservation Plan for PacifiCorp Klamath Hydroelectric Project Interim... Hydroelectric Project (Project) in and near the Klamath River in Southern Oregon and Northern California and... maintenance of the Klamath Hydroelectric Project (Project) and implementation of the Plan for a 10-year period...

  18. INCIDENTAL VOCABULARY LEARNING THROUGH READING

    OpenAIRE

    Holly Warzecha, M.A. TESOL

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the following paper is to take a closer look at the benefits of incidental learning through reading, with a specific focus on vocabulary acquisition. The teaching of vocabulary has traditionally been an explicit process where the target vocabulary is taken out of context and taught separately. However, this kind of explicit teaching and learning may only take into account a form-meaning connection. Therefore, this paper explores research on incidental learning and specifically ...

  19. INCIDENTAL VOCABULARY LEARNING THROUGH READING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holly Warzecha, M.A. TESOL

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the following paper is to take a closer look at the benefits of incidental learning through reading, with a specific focus on vocabulary acquisition. The teaching of vocabulary has traditionally been an explicit process where the target vocabulary is taken out of context and taught separately. However, this kind of explicit teaching and learning may only take into account a form-meaning connection. Therefore, this paper explores research on incidental learning and specifically looks at what it takes to acquire new vocabulary incidentally through reading while considering the coverage rates of texts, how many words must be known already from the text, how many repetitions it takes to learn a word, types of texts that promote learning, and the effects of pairing students‘ reading with learner tasks. After reviewing many studies, it can be concluded that more reading is better. More specifically, extensive reading of chosen novels at an appropriate level and interest to the students showed important gains in vocabulary. In addition, readings that were supplemented with additional activities that focused on both form and meaning showed an even higher increase in word retention.

  20. Incidental renal neoplasms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rabjerg, Maj; Mikkelsen, Minne Nedergaard; Walter, Steen

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of associations between tumor size, pathological stage, histological subtype and tumor grade in incidentally detected renal cell carcinoma vs symptomatic renal cell carcinoma, we discussed the need for a screening program of renal cell carcinoma in Denmark. We analyzed a consecutive...... series of 204 patients with renal tumors in 2011 and 2012. The tumors were classified according to detection mode: symptomatic and incidental and compared to pathological parameters. Eighty-nine patients (44%) were symptomatic, 113 (55%) were incidental. Information was not available in two patients...

  1. Crane. Incidental Classroom Instruction 20295

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, Richard Jennings [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this course is to introduce safe hoisting and rigging practices to personnel who are attempting to become LANL incidental crane operators and to review and refresh safe hoisting and rigging practices with existing incidental crane operators.

  2. 77 FR 51773 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... males. After breeding, seals migrate to the Gulf of Alaska or deeper waters in the eastern Pacific. Adult females and juveniles return to terrestrial colonies to molt in April and May, and males return in...). Steller sea lions give birth from May through July and mating occurs a couple of weeks after birth. Non...

  3. 75 FR 41440 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... disturbance; non-auditory physical effects; and, at least in theory, temporary or permanent hearing impairment... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering...

  4. 76 FR 69758 - Draft Environmental Assessment, Incidental Take Plan, and Application for an Incidental Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... (Grand Ballroom-Allagash and Aroostook rooms) (207) 768-9502; December 14 at Black Bear Inn, 4 Godfrey... requiring rehabilitation; and up to 5 could be killed (3 adults and 2 kittens indirectly killed because their mother was killed in a trap). The MDIFW draft ITP proposes various measures to minimize and...

  5. 75 FR 20481 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-19

    ... be nearby for its storage capability of recovered liquids. Shell's base plan is for two ice... occurrence is not expected until later in the season. Where available, Shell used density estimates from peer-reviewed literature in the application. In cases where density estimates were not readily available in the...

  6. 77 FR 40007 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ...). Therefore, the cephalopod in the small tank was exposed to a long-lasting intensive standing wave, instead... zone is not visible without using vessel lights, night vision devices, and/or forward looking infrared...

  7. 76 FR 37788 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ...-auditory physical or physiological effects for any marine mammal. Given the frequency, duration, and... experience, its auditory sensitivity, its biological and social status (including age and sex), and its... personal communication with those researchers, and population estimates from surveys covering larger...

  8. 76 FR 330 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... health, body condition, movement patterns, habitat use, and demography. This work was initiated in... tolerance for immersion in cold water. When forced to flee into the water to avoid predators, the pups that... bearded seals. This is based on their estimate of the number of seals encountered during previous work...

  9. 77 FR 27321 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-09

    ... characteristics (such as frequency range, duty cycle, continuous vs. impulse vs. intermittent sounds, duration... some ringed seals have been killed by icebreakers moving through fast-ice breeding areas. In the...

  10. 77 FR 27283 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-09

    ..., duty cycle, continuous vs. impulse vs. intermittent sounds, duration, moving vs. stationary sources...). Reeves (1998) noted that some ringed seals have been killed by icebreakers moving through fast-ice...

  11. 75 FR 53672 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ..., 2010, NMFS received an application from Excelerate Energy, LP (Excelerate) and Tetra Tech EC, Inc., on... pinnipeds: North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis), Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), Minke whale (B. acutorostrata), Long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala...

  12. 78 FR 69049 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ...; request for comments. SUMMARY: NMFS has received an application from Tetra Tech EC, Inc. (Tetra Tech), on..., NMFS received an application from Excelerate Energy, L.P. (Excelerate) and Tetra Tech EC, Inc., on... Lateral facilities in Massachusetts Bay. They are: North Atlantic right whale, humpback whale, fin whale...

  13. 76 FR 62778 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... 8, 2011, NMFS received an application from Excelerate Energy, L.P. (Excelerate) and Tetra Tech EC...: North Atlantic right whale, humpback whale, fin whale, minke whale, long-finned pilot whale, Atlantic... (Eubalaena glacialis), humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), minke...

  14. 78 FR 47495 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... conventional survey method where the acoustic instrumentation will be towed behind the survey vessel. These... conventional survey method where the acoustic instrumentation will be towed behind the survey vessel. The... Response to Comment 8 above. Comment 11: The AWL claims that NMFS underestimated the number of animals that...

  15. 78 FR 28411 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... gouge surveys will be conducted using the conventional survey method where the acoustic instrumentation... acoustic methods. The site clearance and shallow hazard surveys would be conducted using the conventional... external factors (characteristics of noise sources and their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing...

  16. 75 FR 49759 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... of 3000 in\\3\\. Each array also consists of 5 clusters of 10 inactive airguns that will be used as... acquisition and to serve as a platform for marine mammal monitoring; One (1) chase/monitoring vessel, the M/V...

  17. 75 FR 32379 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... total discharge volume of 3000 in\\3\\. Each array also consists of 5 clusters of 10 inactive airguns that... acquisition and to serve as a platform for marine mammal monitoring; One (1) chase/monitoring vessel, the M/V... composed of three identically- tuned Bolt airgun sub-arrays, totaling 24 airguns (6 clusters of 2 airguns...

  18. 76 FR 46729 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... shallow hazards and site clearance surveys would use a towed airgun cluster consisting of four, 10-in\\3... cluster, single 10 in\\3\\ airgun, Kongsberg SBP3000 sub-bottom profiler, GeoAcoustics 160D side-scan sonar...'' binoculars (e.g., 25 x 150 power) from high perches on large, stable platforms; (3) pairing the use of ``big...

  19. 77 FR 61575 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ..., breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment].'' Summary of Request On October... post-partum nursing does not occur. Limiting visits to the breeding and lactation sites to periods when... ensure that another injury or death does not occur and to ensure that the applicant remains in compliance...

  20. 78 FR 70921 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment... about a week before going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing... prevent them from leaving the area. In these circumstances, the risk of injury, serious injury, or death...

  1. 78 FR 77433 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ..., but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B... about a week before going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing.... In these circumstances, the risk of injury, serious injury, or death to hauled-out animals is very...

  2. 77 FR 50990 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment... going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing bouts until the pup... the area. In these circumstances, the risk of injury, serious injury, or death to hauled-out animals...

  3. 77 FR 67797 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-14

    ... not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment... observer determines that the cause of the injury or death is unknown and the death is relatively recent (i... or dead marine mammal, and the lead observer determines that the injury or death is [[Page 67801...

  4. 78 FR 64918 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding... trips with nursing bouts until the pup is weaned between 4 and 10 months of age (NMML, 2010). In central... the area. In these circumstances, the risk of injury, serious injury, or death to hauled-out animals...

  5. 77 FR 64320 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding... about a week before going on their first feeding trip. Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing... circumstances, the risk of injury, serious injury, or death to hauled-out animals is very low. Thus, abalone...

  6. 78 FR 79403 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ..., but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B... death does not occur and to ensure that the applicant remains in compliance with the MMPA. A draft final... to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment]. All...

  7. 76 FR 43267 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is not... and among species populations based on geographic location, season, and other factors, submergence... mammal habitat or populations. Also, live fires are a continuous event with pauses during the firing...

  8. 75 FR 80773 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Steller sea lions and harbor seals, lies approximately 3-4 miles to the southeast of the launch pads (see... Ugak Island, which lies about 3.5 miles distance from the launch pad area; however, the only marine... booms are not audible from Ugak Island). These experiments are described in detail in NMFS' 2009 EA on...

  9. 75 FR 27708 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... understanding of the formation, longevity, and temporal distribution of sea floor features and baseline... formation, longevity, and temporal distribution of sea floor features and baseline environmental and... Survey Program in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, Alaska AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS...

  10. 75 FR 49709 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ...'s existing leases in Harrison Bay in the central Beaufort Sea. Actual locations of site clearance... 160 dB are taken. However, because of the tendency of whales to avoid the source to some degree, and... exposures would likely occur at levels closer to 160 dB (not higher levels) and the impacts would be...

  11. 75 FR 24906 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... to investigate behavior and distribution on time scales of several weeks and spatial scales of tens...). Some belugas in Bristol Bay and Beaufort Sea, Alaska, when exposed to playbacks of drilling sounds...

  12. 78 FR 51147 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... water depths. An additional 10 percent distance buffer was added by JASCO to these originally modeled... importance of the fall hunt. Response: NMFS appreciates the additional new information on the current...

  13. 76 FR 16311 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... passes into the sea across the air-water boundary. Submerged animals would have to be directly underneath... Steller sea lion haulout spit, which was unoccupied each time the incursions occurred. Description of.... Aerial survey data indicate that Steller sea lions, harbor seals, gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus...

  14. 76 FR 30110 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ...; request for comments. SUMMARY: NMFS received an application from Statoil USA E&P Inc. (Statoil) for an... contributed by the operating soil investigation equipment, an inflation factor of 1.5 was applied to arrive at...

  15. 78 FR 35851 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall... partial recovery effect between pulses. In deriving the estimates of PTS (and TTS) thresholds quoted here...

  16. 78 FR 35507 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall... pulses. In deriving the estimates of PTS (and TTS) thresholds quoted here, Southall et al. (2007) made...

  17. 77 FR 27720 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... whales (Peponocephala electra) off Madagascar that appears to be associated with seismic surveys is... belugas concentrate in deeper waters in mid-Inlet past Kalgin Island, with occasional forays into the... unusual behaviors were observed. The closest haulout site to the action area is located on Kalgin Island...

  18. 77 FR 12246 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... trends in advance of and during the relocation program. In 1992, the appearance of a novel exotic disease... disturbed California sea lions responded in such a fashion. The most sensitive species is the harbor seal.... Guadalupe fur seals are distinctive in appearance and behavior, and can be readily identified at a distance...

  19. 76 FR 58473 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... of noise sources and their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience.... Repeated noise exposure that leads to TTS could cause PTS. For transient sounds, the sound level necessary... during the 30-minute lead-in to a full ramp up. If the entire safety zone is not visible, then ramp up...

  20. 78 FR 12541 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... dimensions of the rig will be approximately 230 x 225 ft (70 x 68 m). When operating, the hull will be about 40 ft (12 m) above seawater surface. Maximum dimension of one leg spud can, which is the part on the... assessing potential masking effects of man-made sounds. In addition, for those species whose hearing has not...

  1. 77 FR 25829 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... [The dimensions provided are approximate] Vessel type Number Dimensions Main activity Frequency Source... with extremely short durations (in the scale of milliseconds). Lower frequency man-made noises are more...

  2. 78 FR 80385 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ... receivers to obtain the necessary seismic imaging data, and general operational restrictions (ice, weather... weather, the hazard display can and has been used to vector vessels to safety. (3) Seismic Source... likely to be encountered most widely (in space and time) throughout the period of the planned surveys is...

  3. Incidental malignant periocular tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thabit Odat

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study the incidence, epidemiology, and clinical characteristics of incidental malignant periocular tumors at the royal medical services hospitals of Jordan.METHODS: Retrospective medical charts of 327 patients with malignant periocular tumor diagnosis at Jordan military hospitals between 2004 and 2015 were reviewed. Study variables included age, gender, city where patient lived, the presenting complaint(not caused by or related to tumor, clinical and histological diagnosis, size of the tumor, location, and surgical procedure.RESULTS:A total of 327 charts reviewed, 46(14.1%patients were found to have incidental malignant periocular tumor. Males where affected more than females with a ratio of 2:1. The average age was 66.39±10.59(22-83y. The most common presenting symptom or disease was blurring of vision secondary to cataract(44%, followed by combined cataract and other associated complaints such as epiphora in 21.7%.Preliminary clinical diagnosis corresponded with histological diagnosis in 95.7% of skin cancer. The average size of the lesions was 1.04×0.85 mm2(0.2×0.2-3.0×3.0 mm2. There was no significant relationship between the maximum diameter of the tumor and age of the patient,(P=0.105. The most frequent location of tumors was the lower eyelid(30.4%followed by the medial canthus(26.1%. The follow up period ranged between 6mo and 3y(average 9.3mo.CONCLUSION: Incidental malignant periocular malignant tumors were relatively common in this study, which urges excision of any suspicious lesion particularly young patients. A prospective study is needed to investigate the reasons why some patients neglect these lesions.

  4. 25 CFR 700.199 - Incidental expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Incidental expenses. 700.199 Section 700.199 Indians THE... Expenses § 700.199 Incidental expenses. (a) Eligible costs. Subject to the limitations in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, the incidental expenses to be paid are those actually incurred by the...

  5. 76 FR 18232 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Distribution of Affected Species In North America, the northern sea otter is found along the coasts of... in the wild by causing disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration... new hovercraft maneuvering pad and ramp from stream bed migration to the south. The proposed...

  6. 75 FR 42121 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... significant loss of habitat function and a decrease in estuarine biodiversity. A detailed description of the..., Mexico in the south, southern sea otters currently occur in only two areas of California. The mainland...

  7. 75 FR 32497 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Construction and Hovercraft Operation in Akutan and Unalaska, Alaska. In accordance with provisions of the..., Alaska Airport Construction and Hovercraft Operation (Project). The request was published in the Federal... 30, 2010. Due to funding constraints, no construction activities or hovercraft operations have been...

  8. 78 FR 1941 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... walrus (O. r. divergens), which ranges across the Bering and Chukchi seas (Fay 1982). The small... (Service 2010). Pacific walruses range across the continental shelf waters of the northern Bering Sea and... industry (Industry) exploration activities in the Chukchi Sea and adjacent western coast of Alaska. If...

  9. 76 FR 47009 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... profiles; sub-sea sediment sampling; construction and use of drilling structures such as caisson- retained islands, ice islands, bottom-founded structures [steel drilling caisson (SDC)], ice pads and ice roads... Drilling Caisson (SDC), CANMAR Explorer III, and the Kulluk. During the regulatory period, exploration...

  10. 76 FR 13453 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... use of drilling structures such as caisson- retained islands, ice islands, bottom-founded structures [steel drilling caisson (SDC)], ice pads and ice roads; oil spill prevention, response, and cleanup; and... such as the Steel Drilling Caisson (SDC), CANMAR Explorer III, and the Kulluk. During the regulatory...

  11. 78 FR 35363 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Sea Planning Area. The Chukchi Sea region also includes the terrestrial coastal land 25 miles inland... expected to occur in the vicinity of known polar bear denning areas or coastal walrus haulouts. These ITRs... breathing holes reaching the seafloor with enough force to generate distinctive erosion patterns. Oil and...

  12. 77 FR 59211 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities; Proposed Incidental Harassment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ..., including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [the MMPA... complement previously completed shallow ( http://www.werc.usgs.gov/Project.aspx?ProjectID=91 ). A small... male [[Page 59215

  13. Factors influencing incidental representation of previously unknown conservation features in marine protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridge, Tom C L; Grech, Alana M; Pressey, Robert L

    2016-02-01

    Spatially explicit information on species distributions for conservation planning is invariably incomplete; therefore, the use of surrogates is required to represent broad-scale patterns of biodiversity. Despite significant interest in the effectiveness of surrogates for predicting spatial distributions of biodiversity, few researchers have explored questions involving the ability of surrogates to incidentally represent unknown features of conservation interest. We used the Great Barrier Reef marine reserve network to examine factors affecting incidental representation of conservation features that were unknown at the time the reserve network was established. We used spatially explicit information on the distribution of 39 seabed habitats and biological assemblages and the conservation planning software Marxan to examine how incidental representation was affected by the spatial characteristics of the features; the conservation objectives (the minimum proportion of each feature included in no-take areas); the spatial configuration of no-take areas; and the opportunity cost of conservation. Cost was closely and inversely correlated to incidental representation. However, incidental representation was achieved, even in a region with only coarse-scale environmental data, by adopting a precautionary approach that explicitly considered the potential for unknown features. Our results indicate that incidental representation is enhanced by partitioning selection units along biophysical gradients to account for unknown within-feature variability and ensuring that no-take areas are well distributed throughout the region; by setting high conservation objectives that (in this case >33%) maximize the chances of capturing unknown features incidentally; and by carefully considering the designation of cost to planning units when using decision-support tools for reserve design. The lessons learned from incidental representation in the Great Barrier Reef have implications for

  14. 77 FR 25408 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ...): Wind and waves: The complex interactions between wind and water surface, including processes such as... been consistent and long-term, and may indicate that this stock is reaching OSP. Behavior and Ecology...

  15. 76 FR 4300 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... waters (DoN 2001a). Behavior and Ecology--California sea lions feed on a wide variety of prey, including.... 1985) and fishery interactions have led to the recognition of three separate harbor seal stocks along... mouth (London 2006). Behavior and Ecology--Harbor seals are typically seen...

  16. 77 FR 43049 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... in behavior. The planned mitigation and monitoring measures are expected to minimize the possibility... existing piling sub-structure. The planned activities include removal of ninety-six 24- in (0.6-m) diameter... steel falsework piles, and represent the remainder of work planned for the initial 2- year...

  17. 78 FR 69825 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ..., involving temporary changes in behavior. The planned mitigation and monitoring measures are expected to..., 2014), 45 days of impact pile driving and 20 days of vibratory removal are planned. Description of..., and scheduling--as well as exposure analyses--is based on this assumption. All piles are planned for...

  18. 77 FR 42279 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ... usage of an impact hammer will be required. The Navy estimates that up to five piles may be proofed in a... contains the air bubbles within a flexible or rigid sleeve made from plastic, cloth, or pipe. Confined... attenuation devices. As a general rule, reductions of greater than 10 dB cannot be reliably predicted...

  19. 78 FR 43148 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... conditions occur, increased usage of an impact hammer will be required. The Navy estimates that up to five... air bubbles within a flexible or rigid sleeve made from plastic, cloth, or pipe. Confined bubble... attenuation devices. As a general rule, reductions of greater than 10 dB cannot be reliably predicted. In the...

  20. 78 FR 29705 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ..., increased usage of an impact hammer would occur. Unless difficult driving conditions are encountered, an... the air bubbles within a flexible or rigid sleeve made from plastic, cloth, or pipe. Confined bubble... rule, reductions of greater than 10 dB cannot be reliably predicted. The TPP reported a range of...

  1. 76 FR 38361 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... Washington State. Comment 10: One commenter questioned the need for the full complement of test piles...

  2. 76 FR 79409 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... may provide the highest levels of sound reduction of any attenuation device; however, they do not...). Cofferdams that are not dewatered provide very limited reduction in sound levels. Both environmental... rule, reductions of greater than 10 dB cannot be reliably predicted (Caltrans, 2009). Sound Thresholds...

  3. 76 FR 6406 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... noise reduction techniques during impact pile driving, including the use of sound attenuation systems (e... dB reduction in source levels from the use of sound attenuation devices, and the Navy used the... be present during the project's timeline may be exposed to sound pressure levels associated with...

  4. 78 FR 44539 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-24

    ... reflect the conventional assumption that topographical features such as shorelines act as a barrier to... disturbance, if animals are present. For sea lions, all airborne distances are less than those calculated for... as both haul-out and de facto foraging hotspot for animals resident to San Diego Bay means that the...

  5. 78 FR 30873 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... piles (including 18-in concrete and 36- to 48-in steel) would be installed and 109 piles would be... include impact driving fifty 18-in square concrete piles. After completion of the new fuel pier the Marine... sand for beneficial reuse in nearshore replenishment. Accordingly, the sediments would be transported...

  6. 78 FR 56659 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... suspended from a barge-mounted crane and positioned on top of a pile. Vibration from the activated driver... associated with sound waves are detected as changes in pressure by aquatic life and man-made sound receptors...). Vibratory hammers cause liquefaction of surrounding sediment through vibration, allowing installation as the...

  7. 76 FR 12070 - Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to the Explosive Removal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... the water column and/or keep guide lines taut (i.e., no slack) during EROS operations. NMFS may... D. 2010. location via entanglement in a diver's guide line. ERT South Marsh May 17 to 23, Bottlenose... entanglement in a diver's guide line during platform removal operations. ERT was conducting these EROS...

  8. 78 FR 43165 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... twenty total piles) in the effects analysis in the event that contingency piles are required. The 48-in... observer ability. While missed detections are possible in theory, this would require that an animal would...

  9. 78 FR 71566 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... additional days of impact pile driving are included in the specified activity as a contingency, for a total... piles, but may be used as a contingency in cases when vibratory driving is not sufficient to reach the... are possible in theory, this would require that an animal would either (a) remain submerged (i.e., be...

  10. 76 FR 30130 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    .... Response: NMFS agrees with the MMC about the importance of founding thresholds for behavioral harassment from airborne sound upon the best scientific information available, and about the importance of... removal activities. Response: All shutdown and buffer zones will initially be based on predicted distances...

  11. 76 FR 54433 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ...) continuously throughout the survey. A 75- kilohertz (kHz) acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) may also be... ADCP). Marine mammals may experience masking and behavioral disturbance. The information contained in...

  12. 78 FR 30273 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... that they do not have much movement outside of Hood Canal (London, 2006). Surveys in the Hood Canal... NBKB at Dosewallips River mouth, outside the potential area of effect for this project (London, 2006..., as well as greater immigration of animals into the nearshore study area (DFO, 2009). The rapid growth...

  13. 76 FR 33704 - Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to the Explosive Removal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    .... ADDRESSES: The application and LOAs are available for review by writing to P. Michael Payne, Chief, Permits... 14 to 23, None None. Block 278, 2010. Platform A. El Paso West Cameron Area, August 20 to 21, Bottlenose None. Block 150, 2010. Dolphins (12). Platform F. ] El Paso South Timbalier August 23 to 26, None...

  14. 78 FR 52148 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... asphalt paved deck. The wharf is currently in poor condition due to advanced deterioration of the steel... of certain sound types, and on metrics used in this proposal. Background Sound travels in waves, the... pressure waves that pass by a reference point per unit of time and is measured in hertz (Hz) or cycles per...

  15. 50 CFR 216.232 - Permissible methods of taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MAMMALS Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Rocket Launches from the Kodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak... course of conducting missile launch activities within the area described in § 216.230(a), provided all...

  16. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease, incidental finding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Pre-existing renal lesions predispose kidneys to effects of otherwise insignificant blunt trauma, and may uncommonly present as an incidental finding in the workup of a suspected renal injury. Observation: This is a case report of a 28-year-old male diagnosed incidentally with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic ...

  17. Incidental versus non-incidental thyroid carcinoma: Clinical presentation, surgical management and prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Sánchez-Migallón, Elena; Flores-Pastor, Benito; Pérez-Guarinos, Carmen Victoria; Miguel-Perelló, Joana; Chaves-Benito, Asunción; Illán-Gómez, Fátima; Carrillo-Alcaraz, Andrés; Aguayo-Albasini, José Luis

    2016-11-01

    Thyroid cancer may be clinically evident as a tumor mass in the neck or as a histopathological incidental finding after thyroid surgery for an apparent benign condition. Our objective was to assess the differences in clinical signs, surgical management, and course between incidental and clinically diagnosed thyroid tumors. A retrospective study was conducted on patients operated on for benign or malignant thyroid disease from January 2000 to March 2014. Among the 1415 patients who underwent any thyroid surgery, 264 neoplasms were found, of which 170 were incidental. A comparison was made of incidental versus non-incidental carcinomas. Among incidental carcinomas, cases whose indication for surgery was Graves' disease were compared to those with multinodular goiter. Incidental carcinomas were in earlier stages and required less aggressive surgery. There were no differences in surgical complications between incidental and clinical tumors, but mortality and relapses were markedly higher in non-incidental cancers (4.4% vs 0% and 13.2% vs 4.8% respectively). Carcinomas developing on Graves' disease showed no differences from all other incidental tumors in terms of complications, mortality, or relapse after surgery. Early stage thyroid cancer has better survival and prognosis after surgical treatment. Copyright © 2016 SEEN. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Renal Myxoma, an Incidental Finding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parth Thakker

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Myxomas are mesenchymal tumors commonly found in the heart and skin. Renal myxomas are rare, having only been documented 14 times. Our case is a 55-year-old woman who presented to our clinic after a right renal mass was incidentally found on CT. Evaluation with MRI showed a mass that appeared to arise from the supero-medial cortex of the right kidney. As the imaging was concerning for renal cell carcinoma, the patient underwent a partial nephrectomy. Microscopic examination showed a well-circumscribed mass with polygonal to spindle-shaped cells in a granular eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical staining for CD-10, Desmin, HMB-45, and Pankeratin were negative.

  19. 77 FR 31062 - Programs To Reduce Incidental Capture of Sea Turtles in Shrimp Fisheries; Certifications Pursuant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... United Kingdom, and Uruguay. Ten nations and one economy only harvest shrimp using small boats with crews... other countries and one economy do not pose a threat of the incidental taking of sea turtles protected... fishery. The Department also certified 26 shrimp harvesting nations and one economy as having fishing...

  20. 78 FR 15374 - Notice of Availability of Draft Habitat Conservation Plan; Receipt of Application for Incidental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ... and, if necessary, repair three sections of Enbridge's Line 5 (30-inch diameter) pipeline located in... winter, including excavation, pipeline inspection and repair, dewatering, temporary work area and spoil... Application for Incidental Take Permit; Enbridge Pipelines (Lakehead), L.L.C. AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...

  1. 50 CFR 216.108 - Requirements for monitoring and reporting under incidental harassment authorizations for Arctic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... location, and the time. (d) Where the proposed activity may affect the availability of a species or stock of marine mammal for taking for subsistence purposes, proposed monitoring plans or other research... an incidental harassment authorization for Arctic waters must submit reports to the Assistant...

  2. Incidental papillary fibroelastoma of the tricuspid valve

    OpenAIRE

    Strecker, Thomas; Scheuermann, Sabine; Nooh, Ehab; Weyand, Michael; Agaimy, Abbas

    2014-01-01

    Primary cardiac tumors are very rare, papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) being the second most common benign tumor of the heart in previous series. However, as a consequence of increased imaging examinations, incidental PFE may represent the most common cardiac tumor. Their clinical presentation varies from incidental asymptomatic masses to severe life-threatening cardiovascular complications necessitating emergency surgery. Here we report the diagnostic evaluation and successful surgical resectio...

  3. 50 CFR 229.35 - Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan... § 229.35 Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan. (a) Purpose and scope. The purpose of this section is to implement the Bottlenose Dolphin Take Reduction Plan to reduce incidental mortality and serious...

  4. Fetal MRI: incidental findings in the mother

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdullah, Selwan B. [University of Maryland Medical Center, Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); University of Minnesota, Medical School, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Dietz, Kelly R.; Holm, Tara L. [University of Minnesota, Department of Radiology, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2016-11-15

    Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a routinely used tool in prenatal diagnosis; however, there is a lack of studies evaluating incidental findings observed in the mother. This study describes and quantifies incidental findings observed in the mother during fetal MRI. We reviewed all fetal MRI studies at the University of Minnesota Medical Center from February 2008 to September 2014. Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively conducted a consensus evaluation. The maternal findings were categorized into neurologic, gynecologic, urinary, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal. Hydronephrosis consistent with the stage of pregnancy was recorded but was not included as an abnormal finding. Abnormal findings were classified into three groups, depending on their clinical significance: level I (low), level II (medium) and level III (high). We evaluated 332 pregnant patients with a mean age of 29.3 years and a mean gestational age of 29 weeks. Of these, 55.4% had at least 1 incidental finding, for a total of 262 incidental maternal findings. Of the 262 abnormalities, 113 (43.1%) were neurologic, 69 were gynecologic (26.3%), 36 (13.7%) urinary, 24 (9.2%) gastrointestinal and 20 (7.6%) musculoskeletal. Of the 262 incidental findings, 237 (90.5%) were level I, 24 (9.2%) were level II and 1 (0.4%) was level III. Our results suggest that although the vast majority of incidental maternal findings are benign, more significant findings are still encountered and should be expected. (orig.)

  5. 78 FR 22095 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Replacement of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... al., 1985) and fishery interactions have led to the recognition of three separate harbor seal stocks... threatened or endangered under ESA. Behavior and Ecology--Harbor seals are non-migratory with local movements... ESA. Behavior and Ecology--During the summer, California sea lions breed on islands from the Gulf of...

  6. 75 FR 71672 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Missile Launch...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... for nighttime monitoring of pinniped haul out sites. The thermal imaging cameras, made by FLIR Systems... the Navy's current monitoring strategy is sufficient to determine if there are any long-term effects... June 3, 2011. Following issuance of the LOA, the Navy submitted a revised monitoring plan for their...

  7. 78 FR 75488 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Operation of Offshore...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    ... fields of marine mammal ecology and underwater acoustics, to review BP's proposed monitoring plan... others in the past and associated metadata, (2) raw will continue to do so. acoustic recordings file, (3...

  8. 76 FR 27308 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... regulations are a major source of noise on Kodiak Island, as the operation of launch vehicle engines produce substantial sound pressures. Generally, four types of noise occur during a launch: (1) Combustion noise; (2) jet noise from interaction of combustion exhaust gases with the atmosphere; (3) combustion noise...

  9. 77 FR 71259 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; False Killer Whale Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    ... to deep-set longline fishing based, in part, on PBR and abundance estimates that would change as new... net productivity rate for this stock. NMFS proposed to list the Hawaiian Insular population of false... is calculated as the minimum population size (129) times one half the default maximum net growth rate...

  10. 77 FR 31537 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [``Level B harassment..., reporting, or research, the regulations may be modified, in whole or in part, after notice and opportunity...; Results from general marine mammal research; or Any information which reveals that marine mammals may have...

  11. 77 FR 23547 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Columbia River Crossing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ..., using a stacked alignment that would reduce the number of in-water piers in the Columbia River by... bridge would have four or five in-water bents, consisting of one to three drilled shafts. A bent is part... Harbor crossings would be constructed using drilled shafts, rather than impact-driven piles. However, the...

  12. 78 FR 1205 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Hydrographic Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... environmental sustainability in U.S. coastal waters. OCS surveys approximately 3,000 square nautical miles of... marine mammals. These include high-frequency single-beam and multibeam echosounders and side-scan sonars...

  13. 77 FR 55645 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Construction and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... permanent fixed or floating storage or vaporization facilities are required. However, this means that the... Bridge section of the pipe (requiring dredging through the causeway). Install the STL Buoys. Install the... be required for passage under the Skyway Bridge and would be performed from a fixed working platform...

  14. 78 FR 20800 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Construction and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... activities. This equipment would be used where conventional installation methods are anticipated. An HDD... start will be delayed until the animals leave the shutdown zone of their own volition, or until 30 minutes elapse without resighting the animal(s). PSOs will be on watch at all times during daylight hours...

  15. 76 FR 34157 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Operation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... insufficient to collect the data, then source levels shall be collected from a platform as close as practicable... calls to occur in clusters (leading to a sampling logic of listening for other calls rather than...

  16. 78 FR 42653 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Atlantic Large Whale Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... that would allow it to be identified without removing it from an entangled animal and analyzing it... more likely to slide through the whale's baleen freeing the animal rather than becoming lodged in the... Whales, Eubalaena australis. Behaviour 88(1/2):42-60. BILLING CODE 3510-22-P [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED...

  17. 77 FR 46733 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... to slight lung injury. Fuse delay and animal swim speeds strongly drive results regarding mitigation capability. Probability of detection of all animals (Pd): (1) for TDFD mitigation ranges out to 1,000 yards... sizes of the buffer zones using the average swim speed of the fastest-swimming marine mammal that occurs...

  18. 75 FR 7383 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Harbor Porpoise Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... that it does not cross the boundary of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Mid-Atlantic Component In the... fishery. Response: NMFS agrees. NMFS is working with Canada's Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) to... Federal waters from the U.S./Canada border to North Carolina, as well as vessels fishing in state waters...

  19. 77 FR 9628 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy's Mission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... 545 269.57 AN/WLD-11 RMS Navigation 15 4 BPAUV Sidescan 30 0.1 Table 2--Total Annual Number of Each... activities were conducted during this reporting period. Adaptive Management In general, adaptive management... modifications are appropriate. All of the 5-year rules and LOAs issued to the Navy include an adaptive...

  20. 77 FR 64961 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Replacement of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. The mailbox address for providing email... the species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Except with respect... wild ; or (ii) has the potential to disturb a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild by...

  1. 75 FR 12734 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Operation of Offshore...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ... Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. The mailbox address for providing e- mail... the species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Except with respect... wild ; or (ii) has the potential to disturb a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild by...

  2. 78 FR 57368 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ..., migration, surfacing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering, to a point where such behavioral patterns... Coral Sea ] Commonwealth Marine Reserve, Australia; and the proposed expanded areas of the Gulf of the...

  3. 77 FR 2040 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ...-review papers (e.g., Perrin et al. (1979), W[uuml]rsig and W[uuml]rsig (1979), Hui (1987), and Mate et al... truncatus 3.08 W[uuml]rsig and W[uuml]rsig (1979) Delphinus delphis 3.11 Hui (1987) Tursiops truncatus 2.65.../min) for a delphinid based on Perrin et al. (1979), W[uuml]rsig and W[uuml]rsig (1979), Hui (1987...

  4. 78 FR 52753 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Harbor Porpoise Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, or Adobe PDF file formats only. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... that had the correct number of pingers on their net. The Coastal Gulf of Maine Closure Area would be...

  5. 78 FR 61821 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations; Harbor Porpoise Take...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-04

    ... triggered despite positive signs in harbor porpoise population trends. Response: NMFS agrees with both the...: The notion of keeping the current consequence strategy boundaries and time frames intact, but... their current trends. Zero Mortality Rate Goal Comment 8: One commenter stated that the ultimate mandate...

  6. 75 FR 28587 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Missile Launch...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... this notice may be viewed, by appointment, during regular business hours, at the aforementioned address... Terrestrial Acoustic Recorders (ATARs) and video systems had been deployed. The video data were supplemented...

  7. 78 FR 63396 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Replacement of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ..., which abut Elliott Bay, a 21-square kilometer (km\\2\\) urban embayment in central Puget Sound. This is an... pile driving operations feasible even out to the edge of the Level B harassment isopleth for vibratory... pile to the water's edge; (H) The depth of water in which the pile was driven; (I) The depth into the...

  8. 76 FR 33266 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... engage in a military readiness activity if certain findings are made and regulations are issued... cetacean ``hot spots'', defined as areas of known, or reasonably predictable, biological importance (i.e... analyzed in a broader follow-on symposium to include a larger audience of scientists, industries, federal...

  9. 76 FR 68734 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Navy Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT), or visiting the internet at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/permits... experience Level B harassment) varied with the explosive weights, however, little seasonal dependence was...

  10. 75 FR 58365 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Missile Launch...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... thermal imaging cameras, made by FLIR Systems, Inc., would be located to overlook haul out sites up to 6... thermal imaging cameras for nighttime monitoring of pinnipeds before, during, and after each missile... test objectives, e.g., when testing the Airborne Laser system. The noise generated by Navy activities...

  11. 78 FR 25703 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Fisheries Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... Environmental Assessment, prepared pursuant to requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act, for the..., migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B harassment].'' Summary of Request...

  12. 75 FR 16754 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Conducting Precision...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... April 16, 2009, to include Stand-Off Precision Guided Munition (SOPGM) testing. NMFS issued this... the Small Diameter Bomb (SDB) exercise under the PSW LOA. Three Griffin\\TM\\ SOPGM system missiles with...

  13. 76 FR 29196 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... are audible from Lighthouse and Del Monte Avenues, main transportation arteries along the adjacent... rocky coastal bluff adjacent to an urban recreation trail and public road. The aerial shells are aimed... launch site is lined with residences and a public road and pedestrian trail. The impact area is used...

  14. 77 FR 19976 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Coastal Commercial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... and emergency vehicles are audible from Lighthouse and Del Monte Avenues, main transportation arteries... site is at the top of a rocky coastal bluff adjacent to an urban recreation trail and public road. The... of the launch site is lined with residences and a public road and pedestrian trail. The impact area...

  15. The Effect of Incidental Focus on Form on EFL Learners’ Grammatical Accuracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somaieh Abdollahzadeh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Focus on form instruction is a kind of instruction that draws students, attention to linguistic elements as they arise incidentally in meaning based instruction.  There are different types of focus on form instruction. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of incidental focus on form on grammatical accuracy among Iranian L2 learners. Eighty learners from Sahand language Institute in Miandoab after taking grammatical judgment test which was administered to homogenize them, were placed in two control and experimental groups. Learners in experimental group received feedback through recasting during retelling the reading passage according to principles of Jigsaw task. But learners in control group did not receive any feedback. After treatment, which lasted for eight sessions, post-test was given to both control and experimental groups to observe the difference resulted from the treatment. To be sure about the significance of the difference between post-test means of both groups, a t-test was used. The results at the end supported the hypotheses of the study and positive effect of incidental focus on form on grammatical accuracy of L2 learners. After that, for the purpose of analyzing the effect of incidental focus on form on accuracy of pronouns, tenses, articles and propositions separately, other tests (pronoun, article, tense, proposition tests was given to the learners in both control and experimental groups. The data collected was computed through t-test which revealed that the effect of incidental focus on form on grammatical accuracy of articles is greater than pronouns and tenses but incidental focus on form didn’t have any effect on accuracy of propositions. Pedagogical implications have been discussed. Keywords:  Focus on form, Incidental focus on form, recast, task, Accuracy

  16. Incidental gallbladder cancer: what management?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidi Mohammed Bouchentouf

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Gallbladder cancer (GBC represents 3.8% of all gastrointestinal cancers and usually known to be of a poor prognosis. In 0.2–2.9% of cases, this cancer is found in cholecystectomy specimens. A better understanding of spread mode of this tumor helps a better surgical management. The aim of the present review is to underline the management of GBC based on the comprehension of risk factors and anatomic features. A Medline, PubMed database search was performed to identify articles published from 2000 to 2011 using the keywords ‘carcinoma of gallbladder’, ‘incidental gallbladder cancer’, ‘gallbladder neoplasm’ and ‘cholecystectomy’. Some pathological situations such as chronic lithiasis and biliopancreatic junction abnormalities have been clearly identified as predisposing to GBC. Laparoscopy increases peritoneal and parietal tumor dissemination, thus, it should not be performed when GBC is suspected. Most determinant prognostic factors are nodal, perineural and venous involvement, invasion of the cystic duct and the tumor differentiation. The simple cholecystectomy is sufficient for tumors classified as T1a; for other cancers exceeding the muscularis, radical re-resection is required due to the high risk of recurrence. This aggressive surgery improved the overall survival of patients. There is still no standard adjuvant treatment; patients should be included in prospective trials.

  17. Incidental Education (for Women) in Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosby, Valmai

    The Country Women's Association (CWA) is a nationwide Australian group that started in the 1920s in response to isolated women's need to socialize. The group's activities have expanded greatly over time. It distributes essential food and clothing to needy rural families, and its extensive involvement in incidental education for women includes…

  18. Incidental cancer in multinodular goitre post thyroidectomy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    anterior neck mass, but other nodules may be detected incidentally during radiological evaluation of the neck. ..... Our 5.7% false-negative rate for FNAB in detecting cancer is similar to the findings of Rumstadt et al. ... our institution most of these cases are treated medically with antithyroid medication followed by radioactive.

  19. Incidental fear cues increase monetary loss aversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulreich, Stefan; Gerhardt, Holger; Heekeren, Hauke R

    2016-04-01

    In many everyday decisions, people exhibit loss aversion-a greater sensitivity to losses relative to gains of equal size. Loss aversion is thought to be (at least partly) mediated by emotional--in particular, fear-related--processes. Decision research has shown that even incidental emotions, which are unrelated to the decision at hand, can influence decision making. The effect of incidental fear on loss aversion, however, is thus far unclear. In two studies, we experimentally investigated how incidental fear cues, presented during (Study 1) or before (Study 2) choices to accept or reject mixed gambles over real monetary stakes, influence monetary loss aversion. We find that the presentation of fearful faces, relative to the presentation of neutral faces, increased risk aversion-an effect that could be attributed to increased loss aversion. The size of this effect was moderated by psychopathic personality: Fearless dominance, in particular its interpersonal facet, but not self-centered impulsivity, attenuated the effect of incidental fear cues on loss aversion, consistent with reduced fear reactivity. Together, these results highlight the sensitivity of loss aversion to the affective context. (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Incidental learning in second language acquisition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulstijn, J.H.; Chapelle, C.A.

    2013-01-01

    The term incidental learning is used, in applied linguistics, to refer to the acquisition of a word or expression without the conscious intention to commit the element to memory, such as "picking up" an unknown word from listening to someone or from reading a text.

  1. Incidental Vocabulary Learning in Second Language Acquisition: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falcon Dario Restrepo Ramos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This literature review aims to analyze previous studies that address the incidental learning of vocabulary in second language acquisition. The articles included in this literature review look into the understanding of vocabulary learning through incidental means, the relationship of reading and incidental vocabulary learning, and the strategies and tasks that promote the incidental learning of vocabulary. The findings show that L2 learners develop much of their vocabulary by incidental means through exposure to words in informative contexts. Moreover, this exposure is promoted by reading, and enhanced through multimodal glosses. Further research may focus on listening for higher lexical retention rates, the circumstances that allow incidental learning of multi-word phrases and collocations, and the use of technology-based methods for incidental vocabulary acquisition.

  2. Incidental Cardiac Findings on Thoracic Imaging.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kok, Hong Kuan

    2013-02-07

    The cardiac structures are well seen on nongated thoracic computed tomography studies in the investigation and follow-up of cardiopulmonary disease. A wide variety of findings can be incidentally picked up on careful evaluation of the pericardium, cardiac chambers, valves, and great vessels. Some of these findings may represent benign variants, whereas others may have more profound clinical importance. Furthermore, the expansion of interventional and surgical practice has led to the development and placement of new cardiac stents, implantable pacemaker devices, and prosthetic valves with which the practicing radiologist should be familiar. We present a collection of common incidental cardiac findings that can be readily identified on thoracic computed tomography studies and briefly discuss their clinical relevance.

  3. Incidental Anterior Cruciate Ligament Calcification: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Hisami; Fischer, Hans

    2016-03-01

    The calcification of knee ligaments is a finding noted only in a handful of case reports. The finding of an anterior cruciate ligament calcification has been reported once in the literature. Comparable studies involving the posterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and an ossicle within the anterior cruciate ligament are likewise discussed in reports of symptomatic patients. We report a case of incidentally discovered anterior cruciate ligament calcification. We discuss the likely etiology and clinical implications of this finding.

  4. An Incidentally Detected Right Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vamsi C. Gaddipati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ventricular pseudoaneurysm is an uncommon, potentially fatal complication that has been associated with myocardial infarction, cardiac surgery, chest trauma, and infectious processes. Diagnosis can be challenging, as cases are rare and slowly progressing and typically lack identifiable features on clinical presentation. As a result, advanced imaging techniques have become the hallmark of identification. Ahead, we describe a patient who presents with acute decompensated heart failure and was incidentally discovered to have a large right ventricular pseudoaneurysm that developed following previous traumatic anterior rib fracture.

  5. Private Arbitration of Incidental Public Law Issues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

     The article discusses the incidental public law issues which can arise in an arbitration case, e.g. concerning power, heating, natural gas and other public facility legislation, national or Community legal restrictive trade practices law, and rules on state administration approval of the terms...... by arbitration, and where the award is nullifiable only if its findings are in violation of public policy, the ordre public. The article relies on UNCITRAL's Model Arbitration Law, the new Danish arbitration act (DAA), national European case law, and literature and case law of the European Court....

  6. The Effects of Training on Caregiver Implementation of Incidental Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Hsing-Hsiu; Wilder, David A.; Abellon, O. Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    A brief training package consisting of modeling, rehearsal, and feedback was evaluated to train caregivers to use incidental teaching to teach 3 children with autism to request an item or activity. The training package improved correct implementation of the incidental teaching procedure by caregivers. In addition, probes indicated that caregivers…

  7. Incidental Exposure and L3 Learning of Morphosyntax

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grey, Sarah; Williams, John N.; Rebuschat, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Evidence of learning following incidental exposure has been found for aspects of nonnative syntax in adults (Rebuschat & Williams, 2006, 2012; Williams & Kuribara, 2008). However, little research has tested delayed effects of learning under an incidental condition or moved beyond word order. This study investigated learning of third…

  8. Incidental emotions influence risk preference and outcome evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ding; Gu, Ruolei; Tang, Ping; Yang, Qiwei; Luo, Yue-Jia

    2016-10-01

    Incidental emotions, which are irrelevant to the current decision, play a significant role in the decision-making process. In this study, to investigate the influence of incidental emotions on behavioral, psychological, and electrophysiological responses in the process of decision making, participants were required to perform a monetary gambling task. During the selection stage, an emotional picture, which was chosen from the Chinese Affective Picture System and fell into one of three categories: negative, neutral, and positive, was presented between two alternatives (small/large amount of bet). The pictures were provided to induce incidental emotions. ERPs and self-rating emotional experiences to outcome feedback were recorded during the task. Behavioral results showed that positive incidental emotions elicited risk preference, but emotional experiences to outcome feedback were not influenced by incidental emotions. The feedback-related negativity amplitudes were larger in the positive emotion condition than in the negative and neutral emotion conditions for small outcomes (including wins and losses), whereas there was no difference between the three conditions for large outcomes. In addition, the amplitudes of P3 were reduced overall in the negative emotion condition. We suggest that incidental emotions have modulated both the option assessment stage (manifested in behavioral choices) and the outcome evaluation stage (manifested in ERP amplitudes) of decision making unconsciously (indicated by unchanged subjective emotional experiences). The current findings have expanded our understanding of the role of incidental emotion in decision making. © 2016 Society for Psychophysiological Research.

  9. Incidental bony pathology when reporting trauma orthopantomograms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macanovic, M., E-mail: mladenmaca@gmail.co [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Gangidi, S.; Porter, G.; Brown, S.; Courtney, D. [Derriford Hospital NHS Trust, Plymouth (United Kingdom); Porter, J. [Community Dental Service, Plymouth Primary Care Trust, Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)

    2010-10-15

    Radiologists frequently report orthopantomograms (OPTs) and other views of the mandible, most often in patients who have suffered facial trauma. These examinations may reveal incidental pathology. It is important that radiologists are aware of the radiological appearances and the clinical significance of these lesions. In this review we will present examples of the more common odontogenic lesions including: radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, and also examples of non-odontogenic pathology: bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and chronic osteomyelitis. Although some of the lesions will require computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for further lesion characterization and evaluation of the surrounding tissues, we are going to focus on the plain film appearances. We will also briefly discuss the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of these lesions.

  10. Incidental Reflector Comparison of Containerized Dry Fire Extinguishing Agents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, Bryan Scott [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Wysong, Andrew Russell [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-12-14

    This document addresses the incidental reflector reactivity worth of containerized fire extinguishing agents authorized for use in PF-4 at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The intent of the document is to analyze dry fire extinguishing agent that remains in a container and is not actively being used in a fire emergency. The incidental reflector reactivity worth is determined by comparison to various thicknesses of close fitting water reflection which is commonly used to bound incidental reflectors in criticality safety evaluations. The conclusion is that even in unlimited quantities, when containerized the authorized dry fire extinguishing agents are bound by 0.4 inches of close fitting water.

  11. 76 FR 32224 - Migratory Birds; Take of Migratory Birds by the Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service Migratory Birds; Take of Migratory Birds by... Forces to incidentally take migratory birds during approved military readiness activities without violating the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA). The Authorization Act provided this interim authority to...

  12. 50 CFR 216.22 - Taking by State or local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... officials. (a) A State or local government official or employee may take a marine mammal in the normal... the public health or welfare; and (3) Includes steps designed to insure return of such mammal, if not... may, incidental to such taking, possess and transport, but not sell or offer for sale, such mammal and...

  13. 76 FR 8713 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ... and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS... (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543) and regulations governing listed fish and wildlife permits (50 CFR parts 222-226... handling of fish is already covered under the Incidental Take Statement associated with the Biological...

  14. 50 CFR 22.28 - Permits for bald eagle take exempted under the Endangered Species Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the Endangered Species Act. 22.28 Section 22.28 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE... for bald eagle take exempted under the Endangered Species Act. (a) Purpose and scope. This permit... section 7 incidental take statement under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA) (16 U.S.C...

  15. Fostering incidental experiences of nature through green infrastructure planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beery, Thomas H; Raymond, Christopher M; Kyttä, Marketta

    2017-01-01

    Concern for a diminished human experience of nature and subsequent decreased human well-being is addressed via a consideration of green infrastructure's potential to facilitate unplanned or incidental nature experience. Incidental nature experience is conceptualized and illustrated in order...... to consider this seldom addressed aspect of human interaction with nature in green infrastructure planning. Special attention has been paid to the ability of incidental nature experience to redirect attention from a primary activity toward an unplanned focus (in this case, nature phenomena). The value...... of such experience for human well-being is considered. The role of green infrastructure to provide the opportunity for incidental nature experience may serve as a nudge or guide toward meaningful interaction. These ideas are explored using examples of green infrastructure design in two Nordic municipalities...

  16. The Radiological Prevalence of Incidental Kienböck Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saroj K. Golay

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background:To determine the prevalence of incidental Kienböck disease.   Methods: A retrospective analysis of 150,912 radiological reports or images obtained over a five year period was performed of 76,174 patients who underwent a radiograph or computed tomography scan which included the wrist, in Edinburgh and Lothian, UK. Results: There were 5 cases of incidental Kienböck disease and 13 cases of symptomatic Kienböck disease. There were no significant differences in age, sex, ethnicity, comorbidities, smoking status, excess alcohol use or Lichtman stage between the incidental and symptomatic Kienböck groups. Conclusion: The radiological prevalence of incidental Kienböck disease was 0.0066% or 7 in 100,000 patients.

  17. 78 FR 8111 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and Test...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... regulations create two types of noise: continuous (but short-duration) noise, due mostly to combustion effects of aircraft and launch vehicles, and impulsive noise, due to sonic boom effects. Launch operations are the major source of noise on the marine environment from VAFB. The operation of launch vehicle...

  18. 76 FR 6448 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and Test...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... launch satellites into polar orbit: Delta II; Taurus; Atlas V; Delta IV; Falcon; and Minotaur. Also a... HTV-2A 22-Apr-10 SLC-8 VAFB. Atlas V NRO L-41 17-Sept-10 SLC-3E No. Minotaur IV 25-Sept-10 SLC-8 No... observed to be ``torn open.'' This was an unusually high number of pup mortalities, as previous counts...

  19. 75 FR 5056 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Space Vehicle and Test...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... vehicle programs use VAFB to launch satellites into polar orbit: Delta II, Taurus, Atlas V, Delta IV... II STSS ATRR 5-May 1324 PDT SLC-2W VAFB/SMI Delta II Worldview- 8-Oct 1151 PDT SLC-2W SMI II Atlas V... high swell that was present on the monitored beach. High swells and tides are one of the major causes...

  20. 77 FR 21539 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to Sturgeon Research in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... comments is [email protected] . Comments sent via email, including all attachments, must not exceed a 10... gill nets to capture sturgeon in order to assess physical condition, implant telemetry transmitters...

  1. 76 FR 53884 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... Education Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway... species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' With respect to military... potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild [Level A Harassment]; or (ii) any act...

  2. Cooperative Research to Evaluate an Incidental Catch Distribution Forecast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara M. Turner

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Concern over incidental catches in commercial fisheries has been increasing, and while simple mitigation strategies have been effective, few effective mitigation strategies have been established for more complex species interactions. Incidental catches of alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus and blueback herring (A. aestivalis in the commercial Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus fishery have received substantial attention on the Northeast U.S. continental shelf, despite an existing bycatch avoidance program. This study evaluates the utility of existing species distribution forecasts to predict river herring catches in the southern New England small mesh bottom trawl Atlantic herring fishery, with the ultimate goal of incorporating incidental catch forecasts into the bycatch avoidance program. Commercial Atlantic herring bottom trawl vessels assisted with field-based evaluation of alewife, blueback herring, and Atlantic herring species distribution forecast models. Vessels were equipped with conductivity, temperature, and depth probes, and sampling occurred throughout the fishery season (January–March. Locations of expected low and high forecasted incidental catches were sampled, as well as locations the captain expected to find low and high incidental catches. This allowed us to sample within the spatial area the fishery occurs, and to evaluate the forecasted conditions, and predictions, at the spatial scale of the fishery. Catch differences between high and low probability stations were small and variable, as were differences in modeled probability of species presence. No differences were observed between observations at model-predicted stations and captain-selected stations. The sampling provided a better understanding of the potential effectiveness of distribution forecasts for further reducing incidental catches. Existing models have limited use at the spatial scale of this fishery, but could be improved by developing models with fishery

  3. Esplenectomía incidental: ¿Está justificada?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Sierra Enrique

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Se revisaron 77 historias clínicas de pacientes que presentaban lesiones incidentales del bazo ocurridas entre 1985 y 1994, durante operaciones intraabdominales y por examen laparoscópico. Las funciones inmunológicas del bazo y su papel contra las infecciones están bien definidas, por lo cual al ser suprimido este órgano a consecuencia de lesiones incidentales, favorecen las infecciones en dichos pacientes de por vida. De las 77 lesiones incidentales se realizaron 47(61 % esplenectomías incidentales y 30(39 % cirugías conservadoras. La úlcera duodenal y la hernia hiatal son las causas principales de esplenectomía incidental. Se presentaron 11 infecciones (23,4 % y 1 fallecido (2,1 % en la esplenectomía incidental contra 1 infección (3,3 % y ningún fallecido en la cirugía conservadora. Se llega a la conclusión de que la esplenectomía no está justificada dadas las desventajas que presenta77 medical histories of patients who presented incidental injuries of the spleen occurred between 1985 and 1994, during intraabdominal operations and by laparoscopic examination, were reviewed. The immunological functions of the spleen and its role against infections are well defined, so the removal of this organ due to incidental injuries favors the appearance of infections in these patients for the rest of their lives. Of the 77 incidental injuries 47 (61 % incidental splenectomies and 30 (39 % conservative surgeries were performed. Duodenal ulcer and hiatal hernia proved to be the main causes of incidental splenectomy. There were 11 infections (23.4 % and 1 death (2.1 % in the incidental splenectomy compared with 1 infection (3.3 % and no death in the conservative surgery. It is concluded that splenectomy is not justified because of its disadvantages

  4. Incidental mood state before dissonance induction affects attitude change.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Amélie Martinie

    Full Text Available The way that incidental affect impacts attitude change brought about by controlled processes has so far been examined when the incidental affective state is generated after dissonance state induction. We therefore investigated attitude change when the incidental mood occurs prior to dissonance state induction. We expected a negative mood to induce systematic processing, and a positive mood to induce heuristic processing. Given that both systematic processing and attitude change are cognitively costly, we expected participants who experienced the dissonance state in a negative mood to have insufficient resources to allocate to attitude change. In our experiment, after mood induction (negative, neutral or positive, participants were divided into low-dissonance and high-dissonance groups. They then wrote a counterattitudinal essay. Analysis of their attitudes towards the essay topic indicated that attitude change did not occur in the negative incidental mood condition. Moreover, written productivity-one indicator of cognitive resource allocation-varied according to the type of incidental mood, and only predicted attitude change in the high-dissonance group. Our results suggest that incidental mood before dissonance induction influences the style of information processing and, by so doing, affects the extent of attitude change.

  5. Incidental mood state before dissonance induction affects attitude change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinie, Marie-Amélie; Almecija, Yves; Ros, Christine; Gil, Sandrine

    2017-01-01

    The way that incidental affect impacts attitude change brought about by controlled processes has so far been examined when the incidental affective state is generated after dissonance state induction. We therefore investigated attitude change when the incidental mood occurs prior to dissonance state induction. We expected a negative mood to induce systematic processing, and a positive mood to induce heuristic processing. Given that both systematic processing and attitude change are cognitively costly, we expected participants who experienced the dissonance state in a negative mood to have insufficient resources to allocate to attitude change. In our experiment, after mood induction (negative, neutral or positive), participants were divided into low-dissonance and high-dissonance groups. They then wrote a counterattitudinal essay. Analysis of their attitudes towards the essay topic indicated that attitude change did not occur in the negative incidental mood condition. Moreover, written productivity-one indicator of cognitive resource allocation-varied according to the type of incidental mood, and only predicted attitude change in the high-dissonance group. Our results suggest that incidental mood before dissonance induction influences the style of information processing and, by so doing, affects the extent of attitude change.

  6. Incidental Vocabulary Learning: A Semantic Field Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvaneh Khosravizadeh

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    This study is an attempt to explore the difference between acquiring new words with different semantic fields to which they belong. In other words, the purpose of this study is to scrutinize the contribution of semantic field theory in learning new vocabulary items in an EFL setting. Thirty-eight students of three different levels of education took part in this research. They were exposed to some new words from four different semantic fields, and then they were tested on their acquisition of the words meaning. This exposure was through reading texts and the aim of reading was just comprehension, therefore the words were acquired incidentally. The outcome showed significant differences between groups with different levels of education regarding retention of words from different semantic fields.

  7. Color vision and fatigue: an incidental finding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovis, Jeffery K; Ramaswamy, Shankaran

    2007-11-01

    Because there is little information available as to how fatigue and color vision interact, we present some incidental findings on how a protanope and a color-normal perform on several color vision tests after 1 night of sleep deprivation. A series of clinically and occupationally based color vision tests were administered to a protanope and a color-normal subject after they had stayed awake all night and after a regular night's sleep. There was essentially no change in their performance on the clinical color vision tests; however, both did worse on the occupationally based color vision tests after 1 night of sleep deprivation. The color-normal made numerous errors in identifying colors displayed on a video display terminal, whereas the protanope had a large increase in errors on the CN Lantern Test. Both subjects passed these respective tests after a regular night's sleep. The primary reason for color-normal's poor performance on the video display terminal test was probably due to a decrement in his visuo-motor control rather than a loss in color discrimination. In contrast, the protanope's poor performance on the lantern test was probably due to the additive effects of the inherent limitations of his visual system and fatigue.

  8. Incidental breast carcinoma in reduction mammoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huysmans, Michaël; Bronckaers, Marc; Schillebeeckx, Charlotte; Servaes, Dirk

    2017-10-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence and treatment options of occult cancer or atypical lesions found in the histopathological examination of reduction mammoplasty (RM) specimens. The role of preoperative mammography and systematic histopathological examination are discussed. We performed a retrospective single-center database review of all patients who underwent a RM between January 2005 and December 2014. Preoperative examination, histopathological findings and follow-up were documented. A total of 1045 patients underwent RM, of which 97% were bilateral (1021). All patients received a mammography and routine clinical examination to exclude cancer preoperatively. The overall mean patient age was 40.2 years (14.2-73.4). A total of 19 patients (1.18%) had significant histopathological findings, all of whom were over 40 years of age. There were 4 incidental carcinomas (0.38%), of which 2 were DCIS (0.19%) and 2 invasive ductal carcinomas (0.19%). Incidence of postoperative diagnosis of occult breast cancer in RM specimens remains low, but poses significant therapeutic challenges. While emphasis should lay on preoperative diagnostics, routine histological analysis of RM specimens is recommended.

  9. Incidental mastoid opacification in children on MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Sumit; Kuruva, Manohar; Rettiganti, Mallikarjuna Rao; Qin, Curtis; Hegde, Shilpa V.

    2016-01-01

    The opacification the mastoid cavity is frequently reported by radiologists on cross-sectional imaging done for non-otological indications. It is well known that presence of fluid the mastoid does not amount to mastoiditis. This study seeks to provide an evidence-based confirmation of this known finding. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of mastoid opacification in children undergoing outpatient brain MRI examination. Our study included 515 outpatient children who had brain MRI for indications other than mastoiditis or otitis media from January 2014 to March 2014. Children with history of skull base trauma or radiation were excluded. The age range was 15 days to 18 years. The overall prevalence of mastoid opacification was determined using one sample proportion and exact 95% Clopper-Pearson confidence intervals. The prevalence of mastoid opacification was analyzed based on gender, age and presenting symptoms using chi-square test of association. One hundred ten children (21.4%) had mastoid opacification. Younger patients tended to have higher opacification rates with the prevalence in children younger than 1 year of age and between 1 and 2 years of age as high as 41.7% (20/48) and 47.5% (38/80), respectively. The diagnosis of mastoiditis in children should not be based upon a radiologist's report of finding fluid or mucosal thickening in the mastoid air cells as incidental opacification the mastoid is seen frequently. (orig.)

  10. Incidental mastoid opacification in children on MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Sumit; Kuruva, Manohar [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Pediatric Radiology, Little Rock, AR (United States); Rettiganti, Mallikarjuna Rao [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children' s Hospital Research Institute, Biostatistics Program, Department of Pediatrics, Little Rock, AR (United States); Qin, Curtis [Georgetown University Hospital, Radiology, Washington, DC (United States); Hegde, Shilpa V. [University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre, Section of Neuroradiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    2016-05-15

    The opacification the mastoid cavity is frequently reported by radiologists on cross-sectional imaging done for non-otological indications. It is well known that presence of fluid the mastoid does not amount to mastoiditis. This study seeks to provide an evidence-based confirmation of this known finding. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of mastoid opacification in children undergoing outpatient brain MRI examination. Our study included 515 outpatient children who had brain MRI for indications other than mastoiditis or otitis media from January 2014 to March 2014. Children with history of skull base trauma or radiation were excluded. The age range was 15 days to 18 years. The overall prevalence of mastoid opacification was determined using one sample proportion and exact 95% Clopper-Pearson confidence intervals. The prevalence of mastoid opacification was analyzed based on gender, age and presenting symptoms using chi-square test of association. One hundred ten children (21.4%) had mastoid opacification. Younger patients tended to have higher opacification rates with the prevalence in children younger than 1 year of age and between 1 and 2 years of age as high as 41.7% (20/48) and 47.5% (38/80), respectively. The diagnosis of mastoiditis in children should not be based upon a radiologist's report of finding fluid or mucosal thickening in the mastoid air cells as incidental opacification the mastoid is seen frequently. (orig.)

  11. 75 FR 10305 - Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan for the Incidental Take of Seven...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... Office, 10711 Burnett Road, Suite 200, Austin, TX 78758-4460; telephone 512/490-0057; facsimile 512/490... Zerrenner, Field Supervisor, Austin Ecological Services Field Office, 10711 Burnett Road, Suite 200, Austin... Authority, Guadalupe County Farm Bureau, John M. Donahue, PhD, Larry Hoffman, Mary Q. Kelly, Nueces River...

  12. 75 FR 17382 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-06

    ..., wide outlet channel, which could require up to four days of heavy machinery work to construct. However... heavy machinery to avoid major startle responses. The number of seals hauled out on the barrier beach... and heavy machinery on the beach to continue to be short-term changes in seal behavior (e.g...

  13. 76 FR 56172 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Piling and Structure Removal in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... replacement of old stringers and installation of flashing and lumber to create optimal spacing and heat... flashing and lumber to create optimal spacing and heat requirements for the maternity roost. Equipment...-day time limit for NMFS review of an application followed by a 30-day public notice and comment period...

  14. 76 FR 63944 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Proposed Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... disposal, and harassment due to the presence of people and equipment. Duke proposes to continue to manage..., Ecological Services Field Office, 620 South Walker Street, Bloomington, IN 47403 (812/334-4261). Comments and...

  15. 75 FR 38783 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Manette Bridge Replacement in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... stop work until the source of oil film or sheen is identified and corrected. The system shall provide a... positioning system (GPS) device. The zone will be monitored by driving a boat along and within the radius... demolition work related to the Manette Bridge replacement in Bremerton, Washington, starting in early June...

  16. 75 FR 4774 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... (caisson). Acoustic tests on the helicopter's noise output measured a sound pressure level of 81.9 decibels... light construction (e.g., sanding, hammering, or use of hand drills) to: remove peeling paint and... of pinnipeds to helicopter operations and light construction noise; (3) hearing impairment and other...

  17. 75 FR 21233 - Incidental Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Replacement and Repair of Fur...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ..., including ash and nails, is taken to the dump. If good natural wood is left over, the local residents may... in each section have been divided by the percentage estimated on land for each week in Tables 3a to...

  18. 78 FR 40698 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Office of Naval Research Acoustic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... adversely modify critical habitat designated for those species. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) ONR... that could occur as a result of the proposed activity. To meet NMFS' National Environmental Policy Act...-temperate species and they are not expected to occur in the South China Sea. The Smith et al (1997) paper...

  19. 76 FR 28733 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile-Driving and Renovation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... activities have occurred on the pier. Today, Trinidad's economy is based on fishing and tourism and the pier... construction demolition, wood wastes, and non-hazardous/non-designated sediment. The pressure treated 2x4 in..., and WM-10--Liquid Waste Management listed in the CASQA Handbook (see handbook for detail). Concrete...

  20. 76 FR 47155 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile-Driving and Renovation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ..., Trinidad's economy is based on fishing and tourism and the pier supports these activities. The pier also..., wood wastes, and non-hazardous/non-designated sediment. The pressure treated 2x4 in Douglas-fir decking...--Spill Prevention and Control, and WM-10--Liquid Waste Management listed in the CASQA Handbook (see the...

  1. 78 FR 1838 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... reasonably likely to, adversely affect the species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or... a crew of two to three people to the Station by helicopter to repair the beacon light. For each... stock distributed among sites in Alaska, British Columbia; and a San Miguel Island stock distributed...

  2. 76 FR 79157 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Section 101(a)(5)(D) of the... people to the Station by helicopter to repair the beacon light. For each emergency repair event, the..., British Columbia; and a San Miguel Island stock distributed along the west coast of the continental U.S...

  3. 78 FR 14985 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ..., adversely affect the species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Section... thereafter. In addition, local resident E. Twohy began daily observations of seals and people at the Jenner... 15 to June 30. California Sea Lions California sea lions range from southern Mexico to British...

  4. 77 FR 15722 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Section 101(a)(5)(D) of the MMPA established... resident E. Twohy began daily observations of seals and people at the Jenner haul-out in November 1989... sea lions range from southern Mexico to British Columbia, Canada. The entire U.S. population has been...

  5. 75 FR 80471 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Section 101(a)(5)(D) of the... SGRLPS proposes to send a crew of two to three people to the Station by helicopter to repair the beacon... distributed among sites in Alaska, British Columbia; and a San Miguel Island stock distributed along the west...

  6. 75 FR 64996 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 or by telephoning the contacts listed here. A copy of the... al., 2009). The models have been incorporated into a web-based Geographic Information System (GIS... Program (SERDP) team in close collaboration with the SWFSC SERDP team (Read et al., 2009). The GIS was...

  7. 75 FR 60173 - Incidental Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Marine Seismic Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... times and restroom breaks it is sometime difficult to have the full complement of PSOs on effort, but at least one PSO will be on watch during those brief times. The complement of PSOs rotates shifts, with...

  8. 77 FR 58255 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey off the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering...]), high energy seismic survey (energy greater than 2 kilo Joule) would complement a previously completed...

  9. 75 FR 44770 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-29

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... source vessel. However, during meal times, only one PSVO may be on duty. The complement of five PSVOs.... Passive Acoustic Monitoring Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) will complement the visual monitoring...

  10. 76 FR 26255 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering... individuals visually sighted that do not appear to be traveling (e.g., feeding, socializing, etc.). Seismic... sperm, killer, and beaked whales). Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) PAM will complement the visual...

  11. 77 FR 25693 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering..., killer, and beaked whales). Passive Acoustic Monitoring Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) will complement...

  12. 77 FR 11493 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... with this notice, NMFS is adding West Coast groundfish fisheries (including CA set gill net, CA/OR/WA... net, CA/OR/WA salmon troll, WA/OR/ CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line, WA/OR North Pacific... stock HI deep-set (tuna target) I Humpback whale, CNP longline/set line. stock. Hi shallow-set...

  13. 76 FR 33705 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... (PSVOs) for ramp-ups, PAM, night vision devices (NVDs), and continuous shooting of a mitigation airgun... sensory hair cells) in four cephalopod species subjected to low-frequency sound. The cephalopods... pink snapper as a result of exposure to seismic sound, the cephalopods were subjected to higher sound...

  14. 77 FR 4014 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Physical Oceanographic Studies in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... and cephalopods, the two taxonomic groups of invertebrates on which most such studies have been... location of the exclusion zones. During nighttime operations, night vision devices will be available if...

  15. 77 FR 6065 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ..., night vision devices (NVDs), and continuous shooting of a mitigation airgun. Should the airgun array be... trauma (i.e., permanent and substantial alterations of statocyst sensory hair cells) in four cephalopod species subjected to low-frequency sound. The cephalopods, primarily cuttlefish, were exposed to...

  16. 76 FR 38621 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... combinations of the use of PSVOs for ramp-ups, PAM, night vision devices (NVDs), and continuous shooting of a... alterations of statocyst sensory hair cells) in four cephalopod species subjected to low-frequency sound. The cephalopods, primarily cuttlefish, were exposed to continuous 40 to 400 Hz sinusoidal wave sweeps (100% duty...

  17. 77 FR 41755 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Three Marine Geophysical Surveys in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... Species Visual Observers for ramp-ups, passive acoustic monitoring, night vision devices provided to... minutes. In cooperation with us, the Observatory will be conducting efficacy experiments of night vision... cells) in four cephalopod species subjected to low-frequency sound. The cephalopods, primarily...

  18. 75 FR 78228 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Columbia River Crossing Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ..., using a stacked alignment to reduce the number of in-water piers in the Columbia River by approximately...-water bents, consisting of one to three drilled shafts. The permanent in-water piers of both the Columbia River and North Portland Harbor crossings will be constructed using drilled shafts, rather than...

  19. 77 FR 32573 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction and Race Event...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... of temporary floating docks as well as for permanent improvements to existing waterfront facilities... Bridge (SFOBB). Figures 1-2 of the application provide a vicinity map and show the locations where... Harbor. Pile Driving Temporary floating docks would be installed utilizing 18-in (457- mm) steel pipe...

  20. 75 FR 74687 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the Parsons Slough...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... floating dock is disassembled. Pile driving at the staging site is not expected to result in any harbor... harbor and in the Salinas River channel south of the Moss Landing Bridge, and the lower portion of... pulse) may exhibit temporary avoid behavior around the Union Pacific Railroad bridge, which may affect...

  1. 75 FR 11121 - Incidental Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Replacement and Repair of Fur...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... intermittent and early season presence through early June. The purpose of the replacement and repair operations...' estimate includes territorial males, and non- territorial males. In addition, NMFS estimates intermittent...., younger than 7 years old) arrive on the island and cycle between fasting and resting on shore and foraging...

  2. 78 FR 54553 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... the Secretary in accordance with section 204(b) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and.... stock. AK Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands II Steller sea lion, flatfish trawl. Western stock. AK Bering Sea/Aleutian Island II Fin whale, NEP stock. pollock trawl. Steller sea lion, Western stock. AK Bering Sea...

  3. 78 FR 70537 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Target and Missile Launch Activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Michael Payne, Chief, Permits and Conservation Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine...), and California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). The Navy is requesting a 5-year LOA proposed to be...

  4. 75 FR 42691 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Exploratorium Relocation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ..., Chief, Permits, Conservation and Education Division, Office of Protected Resources, National Marine...), California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena), and gray whales...

  5. 78 FR 17359 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... logistics and weather. L-DEO plans to use conventional seismic methodology in the Deep Galicia Basin of the... or man-made noise. In many cases, tolerance develops by the animal habituating to the stimulus (i.e..., 1963), but because of ecological or physiological requirements, many marine animals may need to remain...

  6. 75 FR 61432 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the Parsons Slough...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... biodiversity. In order to reduce tidal scour, the NOAA Restoration Center, Southwest Region, proposes to... Mexico to the Aleutian Islands and occurs along the entire length of the California coast. In 2005...

  7. 77 FR 59377 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seabird and Pinniped Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    ..., but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B... nursing bouts until the pup is weaned between four and 10 months of age (NMML, 2010). Adult and juvenile... injury or death is unknown and the death is relatively recent (i.e., in less than a moderate state of...

  8. 77 FR 60109 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Harbor Activities Related to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... causing disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing... injury or death is unknown and the death is relatively recent (i.e., in less than a moderate state of... discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and the observer determines that the injury or death is not...

  9. 77 FR 73989 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seabird and Pinniped Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ..., but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B... the cause of the injury or death is unknown and the death is relatively recent (i.e., in less than a... mammal, and the lead visual observer determines that the injury or death is not associated with or...

  10. 76 FR 33721 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Harbor Activities Related to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... causing disruption of behavioral patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing... the injury or death is unknown and the death is relatively recent (i.e., in less than a moderate state... determines that the injury or death is not associated with or related to the activities authorized in...

  11. 78 FR 66686 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seabird and Pinniped Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ..., but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering [Level B.... Females will alternate feeding trips with nursing bouts until the pup is weaned between four and 10 months... marine mammal, and the lead visual observer determines that the cause of the injury or death is unknown...

  12. 76 FR 14924 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-18

    ... formation of a perched lagoon. A perched lagoon, which is an estuary closed to tidal influence in which... formation of a barrier beach (Smith 1990), dependent upon the time of initial closure and freshwater inflow... salt water layer, gradually forcing the salt water layer to seep back into the ocean through the...

  13. 76 FR 23306 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-26

    ... of the Russian River include the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), California sea lion (Zalophus... would facilitate formation of a perched lagoon, which will reduce flooding while maintaining appropriate... throughout the year as a result of barrier beach formation at the mouth of the Russian River. Although...

  14. 78 FR 23746 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ...), California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), and northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris... construction and maintenance of a lagoon outlet channel that would facilitate formation of a perched lagoon... plan to study the effects of a historical, dilapidated jetty on the formation and maintenance of the...

  15. 77 FR 24471 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Russian River Estuary Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... (Phoca vitulina), California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), and northern elephant seal (Mirounga... construction and maintenance of a lagoon outlet channel that would facilitate formation of a perched lagoon... plan to study the effects of a historical, dilapidated jetty on the formation and maintenance of the...

  16. 77 FR 43259 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving for Honolulu Seawater...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... offshore pipe would pump cold, deep seawater to a pump station onshore. Pile driving operations would... cold, productive coastal waters. In the North Pacific, there are at least three separate humpback... sensitivity of the receptor (Richardson et al., 1995). Marine mammal reactions to sound may depend on sound...

  17. 77 FR 14736 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Placement for Fishermen's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... disturbance consisting of minute vibrations that travel through a medium, such as air or water, and is... depend on the sound source, ambient noise, and the sensitivity of the receptor (Richardson et al., 1995...

  18. 76 FR 56735 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Cape Wind's High Resolution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... on the nature of the sound source, ambient noise conditions, and the sensitivity of the receptor to...., 2007). For background, sound is a physical phenomenon consisting of minute vibrations that travel...

  19. 75 FR 18160 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Antioch Bridge Seismic Retrofit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... minutes of noise generating vibration. In addition, Caltrans will ``proof'' or test one pile per day using... receptor to the sound (Richardson et al., 1995). Type and significance of marine mammal reactions to noise...

  20. 78 FR 7402 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Cape Wind's High Resolution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... on the nature of the sound source, ambient noise conditions, and the sensitivity of the receptor to...., 2007). For background, sound is a physical phenomenon consisting of minute vibrations that travel...

  1. 77 FR 15045 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Placement for ORPC Maine's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-14

    ... consisting of minute vibrations that travel through a medium, such as air or water, and is generally... receptor (Richardson et al., 1995). Marine mammal reactions to sound may depend on sound frequency, ambient...

  2. 77 FR 39999 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Placement for Fishermen's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... disturbance consisting of minute vibrations that travel through a medium, such as air or water, and is... depend on the sound source, ambient noise, and the sensitivity of the receptor (Richardson et al., 1995...

  3. 76 FR 71940 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Physical Oceanographic Studies in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... conducted in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean (ETP) off of Central America (NMFS, 2004), the Northern Gulf... Brazil may be displaced or even strand upon exposure to seismic surveys (Engel et al., 2004). The... small toothed whales near operating airgun arrays, but in general there is a tendency for most...

  4. 76 FR 17434 - Receipt of Application for an Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... buffers are essential landscape features needed to provide important ecological functions integral to the... conducted. The general focus of the inquiry was to validate that the applicant was properly modeling the... conducted by the Sustainable Ecosystems Institute (SEI) in Portland, Oregon, on behalf of the applicant. In...

  5. 78 FR 23910 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction at Orcas Island and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... education in biological science, wildlife management, mammalogy or related fields (Bachelors degree or... Remote Sensing Network, a system of interconnected hydrophones installed in the marine environment of..., bottomfish ecology, and local climatic conditions, and (2) A hydrophone at the Port Townsend Marine Science...

  6. 76 FR 46724 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seabird and Pinniped Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, 1315 East West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, telephoning... species or stock through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival.'' Section 101(a)(5)(D) of the... potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild ; or (ii) has the potential to...

  7. 78 FR 67390 - Early Scoping for Proposed Application for Incidental Take Permit and Habitat Conservation Plan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ..., State College, PA 16801, or by telephone at 814-234-4090, extension 241. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We... alive) with exfoliating bark, cracks, crevices, and/or hollows. During summer, males roost alone or in...

  8. 78 FR 34069 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... information on the taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and movements, and acoustic capabilities of marine mammals... significant part of their movement is vertical [deep-diving]), the vessel will be far beyond the length of the...

  9. 78 FR 54437 - Interagency Cooperation-Endangered Species Act of 1973, as Amended; Incidental Take Statements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    .... 2001); Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc. v. Evans, 279 F. Supp. 2d 1129, 1184-85 (N.D. Cal. 2003); Ctr... demonstrated (i.e., the number of burrows affected or a quantitative loss of cover, food, water quality, or... Biological Diversity v. Salazar, 695 F.3d 893 (9th Cir. 2012); NRDC v. Evans, 279 F.Supp.2d 1129 (N.D. Cal...

  10. 75 FR 34476 - Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Incidental Take and Wetland Fill Permits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... of the Clean Water Act. The Applicants' HCP describes the minimization and mitigation measures.... 1531 et seq.) and also request permits from the Corps under section 404 of the Clean Water Act to place... Conservation Plan (HCP); availability of proposed HCP and draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (d...

  11. 75 FR 66065 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Exploratorium Relocation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    .... Underwater ambient noise levels along the San Francisco waterfront may be around 133 dB rms, based on... Environmental Impact Statement was not required. Dated: October 14, 2010. James H. Lecky, Director, Office of.... ADDRESSES: A copy of the IHA, the application, and the Environmental Assessment are available by writing to...

  12. 75 FR 8305 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... be disregarded. In this regard, the committee notes that Webster's Dictionary defines the term... marine mammals, were analyzed in a draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement prepared by the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council (WPFMC 2008) pursuant to the ] National Environmental Policy...

  13. 77 FR 8811 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... the project site during human activity periods. Aerial photo coverage of the island shall be completed... letter, email, or telephone. In the event that the SGRLPS discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and... discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and the lead biologist (if present) determines that the injury...

  14. 76 FR 32223 - Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision for Incidental Take of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... Alternative) concentrates the development on the eastern portion of the site and provides for dedication of 135 acres of Permittee-owned lands into conservation status via covenants, conditions, and... implementing regulations (40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508), and with other appropriate Federal laws and...

  15. 78 FR 9373 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction at Orcas Island and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... military mid-frequency tactical sonar); Habitat abandonment due to loss of desirable acoustic environment... according to assigned protocols (this may include academic experience). Writing skills sufficient to prepare...

  16. 77 FR 32662 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Proposed Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... and low-effect screening form, which are also available for review. DATES: To ensure consideration... that Smoke Tree Ranch has been in operation without constricting the day-to-day life of residents and...) Impacts of the HCP, considered together with the impacts of other past, present, and reasonably...

  17. 77 FR 2701 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Placement for ORPC Maine's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... animals may have been more tolerant of exposures because of motivation to return to a safe location or... project lead (or other authorized individual) who would then be required to delay pile driving until the... marine mammal, and the lead PSO determines that the cause of the injury or death is unknown and the death...

  18. 78 FR 72643 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities: Mukilteo Ferry Terminal Construction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    .... Finally, exposure of marine mammals to certain sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et... of noise sources and their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience...

  19. 78 FR 11844 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Bremerton Ferry Terminal Wingwall...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    .... Repeated noise exposure that leads to TTS could cause PTS. Experiments on a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops... mammals to certain sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et al. 1995), such as: changing... (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall et al. 2007). The...

  20. 75 FR 13502 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Manette Bridge Replacement in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... in survival and reproduction, either permanently or temporarily. Repeated noise exposure that leads.... Finally, exposure of marine mammals to certain sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et... of noise sources and their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience...

  1. 77 FR 59904 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving for Honolulu Seawater...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ..., whereas free-ranging animals may have been more tolerant of exposures because of motivation to return to a... pile driving, the observer will notify the on- site project lead (or other authorized individual) who... operations; and (2) notify the onsite project lead (or other authorized individual) if a large whale is seen...

  2. 78 FR 72655 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Bremerton Ferry Terminal Wingwall...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... leads to TTS could cause PTS. Experiments on a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncates) and beluga whale... to certain sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et al. 1995), such as: changing... (hearing, motivation, experience, demography), and is also difficult to predict (Southall et al. 2007). The...

  3. 76 FR 61735 - Incidental Take Permit; Auwahi Wind Energy Generation Facility, Maui, HI; Draft Habitat...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... review and comment. DATES: All comments from interested parties must be received on or before November 21... assurances under the Service's ``No Surprises'' regulations at 50 CFR 17.32(b)(5) and 50 CFR 17.22(b)(5). The... suggestions from all interested parties and request that comments be as specific as possible. In particular...

  4. 76 FR 76432 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Incidental Take Permit Application; Habitat...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... interested parties must be received on or before January 6, 2012. ADDRESSES: Please address written comments... applicant would receive assurances under the Service's ``No Surprises'' regulations at 50 CFR 17.32(b)(5...

  5. 76 FR 30311 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Seabird and Pinniped Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... animals (McCann, 1985). Stewart et al., (1994) used McCann's multiplier of 4.5 to extrapolate from 28,164... thought to be extinct), and Z. c. californianus (found from southern Mexico to southwestern Canada; herein... animals and the maximum population growth rate was 6.52 percent when pup counts from El Ni[ntilde]o years...

  6. 78 FR 78824 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Rockaway Delivery Lateral Project off...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... this document. Sound pressure is the sound force per unit area, and is usually measured in micropascals ([micro]Pa), where 1 pascal (Pa) is the pressure resulting from a force of one newton exerted over an area...

  7. 76 FR 10564 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; St. George Reef Light Station...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... closed and barricaded to all tourists and other personnel. NMFS has carefully evaluated the applicant's... composition, age and sex class of pinnipeds using the project site during human activity periods. Aerial photo...

  8. 78 FR 25958 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Demolition and Construction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... undermined from ongoing coastal erosion. The walls would not be readily viewed from Coast Boulevard, the... occasion been reported from the coastal waters of southern California. These include gray whales, killer...\\ MMPA \\3\\ Population trend Mysticetes: Gray whale (Eschrichtius Coastal and shelf..... 19,126 (18,107...

  9. 78 FR 40705 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Demolition and Construction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... minimum design life of 50 years and would not be undermined from ongoing coastal erosion. The walls would... Coastal Development Permit (CDP) for the demolition and construction without having to obtain California Coastal Commission approval by barricading the stairs. The stairs are under the City of San Diego's...

  10. 75 FR 39335 - Incidental Takes of Marine Mammals During Specified Activities; Marine Seismic Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... enforcement of laws and treaties. The Healy is a USCG icebreaker, capable of traveling at 5.6 km/hour (three... (Haley and Ireland, 2006; Haley, 2006; Jackson and DesRoches, 2008; Mosher et al., 2009). The estimated... Breaking Ice Outside of U.S. Waters for the Proposed Arctic Ocean Survey (Haley and Ireland, 2006; Haley...

  11. 75 FR 52778 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    ... considered in the final decision on the permit application. DATES: The public comment period that closed on... information concerning the Indiana bat and Virginia big-eared bat, as well as unlisted bats and birds; (2) relevant data concerning wind power and bat and bird interactions; (3) additional information concerning...

  12. 78 FR 26751 - Taking of Threatened or Endangered Marine Mammals Incidental to Commercial Fishing Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ... anonymous). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, or Adobe PDF file... the fish ticket records in the PacFIN landings database (NWFSC 2010). In California, a general trap...

  13. Fostering incidental experiences of nature through green infrastructure planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beery, Thomas H; Raymond, Christopher M; Kyttä, Marketta; Olafsson, Anton Stahl; Plieninger, Tobias; Sandberg, Mattias; Stenseke, Marie; Tengö, Maria; Jönsson, K Ingemar

    2017-11-01

    Concern for a diminished human experience of nature and subsequent decreased human well-being is addressed via a consideration of green infrastructure's potential to facilitate unplanned or incidental nature experience. Incidental nature experience is conceptualized and illustrated in order to consider this seldom addressed aspect of human interaction with nature in green infrastructure planning. Special attention has been paid to the ability of incidental nature experience to redirect attention from a primary activity toward an unplanned focus (in this case, nature phenomena). The value of such experience for human well-being is considered. The role of green infrastructure to provide the opportunity for incidental nature experience may serve as a nudge or guide toward meaningful interaction. These ideas are explored using examples of green infrastructure design in two Nordic municipalities: Kristianstad, Sweden, and Copenhagen, Denmark. The outcome of the case study analysis coupled with the review of literature is a set of sample recommendations for how green infrastructure can be designed to support a range of incidental nature experiences with the potential to support human well-being.

  14. Clinical Characteristics and Prognosis of Incidentally Detected Lung Cancers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Quadrelli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate clinical characteristics and outcomes in incidentally detected lung cancer and in symptomatic lung cancer. Material and Methods. We designed a retrospective study including all patients undergoing pulmonary resection with a curative intention for NSCLC. They were classified into two groups according to the presence or absence of cancer-related symptoms at diagnosis in asymptomatic (ASX—incidental diagnosis—or symptomatic. Results. Of the 593 patients, 320 (53.9% were ASX. In 71.8% of these, diagnosis was made by chest X-ray. Patients in the ASX group were older (P=0.007, had a higher prevalence of previous malignancy (P=0.002, presented as a solitary nodule more frequently (P<0.001, and were more likely to have earlier-stage disease and smaller cancers (P=0.0001. A higher prevalence of incidental detection was observed in the last ten years (P=0.008. Overall 5-year survival was higher for ASX (P=0.001. Median survival times in pathological stages IIIB-IV were not significantly different. Conclusion. Incidental finding of NSCLC is not uncommon even among nonsmokers. It occurred frequently in smokers and in those with history of previous malignancy. Mortality of incidental diagnosis group was lower, but the better survival was related to the greater number of patients with earlier-stage disease.

  15. Incidentally Detected Enhancing Breast Lesions on Chest Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin, Wen Chiung; Hsu, Hsian He; Yu, Jyh Cherng; Hsu, Giu Cheng; Yu, Cheng Ping; Chang, Tsun Hou; Huang, Guo Shu; Li, Chao Shiang

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the nature and imaging appearance of incidental enhancing breast lesions detected on a routine contrast-enhanced chest CT. Twenty-three patients with incidental enhancing breast lesions on contrast-enhanced chest CT were retrospectively reviewed. The breast lesions were reviewed by unenhanced and enhanced CT, and evaluated by observing the shapes, margins, enhancement patterns and backgrounds of breast lesions. A histopathologic diagnosis or long-term follow-up served as reference standard. Sixteen (70%) patients had malignant breast lesions and seven (30%) had benign lesions. In 10 patients, the breast lesions were exclusively detected on contrast-enhanced CT. Using unenhanced CT, breast lesions with fi broglandular backgrounds were prone to be obscured (p < 0.001). Incidental primary breast cancer showed an non-significant trend of a higher percentage irregular margin (p = 0.056). All of the four incidental breast lesions with non-mass-like enhancement were proven to be malignant. Routine contrast-enhanced chest CT can reveal sufficient details to allow for the detection of unsuspected breast lesions, in which some cases may be proven as malignant. An irregular margin of incidental enhancing breast lesion can be considered a suggestive sign of malignancy

  16. Patients' views on incidental findings from clinical exome sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin E. Clift

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article characterizes the opinions of patients and family members of patients undergoing clinical genomic-based testing regarding the return of incidental findings from these tests. Over sixteen months, we conducted 55 in-depth interviews with individuals to explore their preferences regarding which types of results they would like returned to them. Responses indicate a diversity of attitudes toward the return of incidental findings and a diversity of justifications for those attitudes. The majority of participants also described an imperative to include the patient in deciding which results to return rather than having universal, predetermined rules governing results disclosure. The results demonstrate the importance of a patient centered-approach to returning incidental findings.

  17. Incidental findings in musculoskeletal radiology; Zufallsbefunde in der muskuloskeletalen Radiologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wuennemann, F.; Rehnitz, C.; Weber, M.A. [Universitaetsklinikum Heidelberg, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2017-04-15

    Increasing numbers of conventional X-rays, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the inpatient, outpatient and scientific routine leads to an increasing number of incidental findings. The correct interpretation of these incidental findings with respect to the relevance and the evaluation concerning further work-up is an important task of radiologists. Description of common incidental findings in musculoskeletal imaging and their clinical classification. A PubMed literature search was performed using the following terms: incidental findings, population-based imaging, musculoskeletal imaging, non-ossifying fibroma, enchondroma, osteodystrophia deformans, chondrosarcoma, fibrous dysplasia, simple bone cyst, unicameral bone cyst, solitary bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, vertebral hemangioma, bone island, osteopoikilosis, Tarlov cyst and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Incidental findings are observed in up to 40% of imaging procedures. In up to 6% these incidental findings involve the skeletal system. Common incidental findings are discussed and their clinical relevance is explained. (orig.) [German] Mit steigender Menge an konventionellen Roentgen- sowie CT- und MRT-Bildern im stationaeren, ambulanten und wissenschaftlichen Alltag steigt unweigerlich auch die Zahl der Zufallsbefunde. Die korrekte Einordnung bzgl. deren Relevanz, ob eine weitere Abklaerung notwendig ist oder nicht, stellt eine wichtige Aufgabe des Radiologen dar. Vorstellung haeufiger Zufallsbefunde des muskuloskeletalen Systems und deren klinische Einordnung. Pubmed-Literaturrecherche zu den Stichworten ''incidental findings'', ''population-based imaging'', ''musculoskeletal imaging'', ''non-ossifying fibroma'', ''enchondroma'', ''osteodysthrophia deformans'', ''chondrosarcoma'', ''fibrous dysplasia'', &apos

  18. Research malpractice and the issue of incidental findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milstein, Alan C

    2008-01-01

    Human subject research involving brain imaging is likely to reveal significant incidental findings of abnormal brain morphology. Because of this fact and because of the fiduciary relationship between researcher and subject, board-certified or board-eligible radiologists should review the scans to look for any abnormality, the scans should be conducted in accordance with standard medical practice for reviewing the clinical status of the whole brain, and the informed consent process should disclose the possibility that incidental findings may be revealed and what consequences will follow. In the event such findings are revealed, qualified physicians should explain to the subject the significance of the findings and the alternatives available.

  19. Partial spline score test to determine if tumors are incidental

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Griffith, W.C.

    1994-01-01

    A primary consideration in many rodent bioassays is whether a tumor observed in an animal has affected its life span. When tumors are incidental, the natural death times can be regarded as random sampling times unrelated to the presence of the tumor. In this case, animals dying from natural causes and those sacrificed can be combined to estimate the prevalence p(t) of the tumors in the living animals. When tumors are incidental, the tumor incidence rate, λ T (t), is related to the prevalence by λ T (t) = p(t) 1 - p(t) , where p(t) is the derivative of the prevalence

  20. A Review of Effect of Different Tasks on Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chen L.

    2015-01-01

    Studies of incidental vocabulary acquisition in second language learning have got more and more attention both at home and abroad. By first introducing the definition and theoretical foundations of incidental vocabulary acquisition, this paper reviews empirical studies of effect of different tasks on incidental vocabulary acquisition and points…

  1. 50 CFR 216.107 - Incidental harassment authorization for Arctic waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incidental harassment authorization for Arctic waters. 216.107 Section 216.107 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL... Incidental to Specified Activities § 216.107 Incidental harassment authorization for Arctic waters. (a...

  2. 76 FR 30552 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Virginia Capes Range Complex and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    .... 110516281-1283-01] RIN 0648-BB03 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Virginia... accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF file formats only. A copy of the Navy's... CFR Part 218 Exports, Fish, Imports, Incidental take, Indians, Labeling, Marine mammals, Navy...

  3. Implicit and Explicit Cognitive Processes in Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ender, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Studies on vocabulary acquisition in second language learning have revealed that a large amount of vocabulary is learned without an overt intention, in other words, incidentally. This article investigates the relevance of different lexical processing strategies for vocabulary acquisition when reading a text for comprehension among 24 advanced…

  4. Is Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition Feasible to EFL Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Jian-ping

    2013-01-01

    For learning English as a foreign language, the efficiency of the approach of incidental vocabulary acquisition depends on the word frequency and text coverage. However, the statistics of English corpus reveals that English is a language that has a large vocabulary size but a low word frequency as well as text coverage, which is obviously not in…

  5. Positron emission tomography of incidentally detected small pulmonary nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, B M; Mortensen, J; Dirksen, A

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the value of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) imaging of small pulmonary nodules incidentally detected by spiral computed tomography (CT) in a high-risk population. Ten patients (five females, five males, aged 54-72 years) were recruited...

  6. Renal arterial aneurysm--an incidental finding at autopsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaideeswar P

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Herein we describe a rare case of saccular renal artery aneurysm seen as an incidental autopsy finding in an elderly, hypertensive female. The aneurysm was seen as a small exophytic mass with calcified wall and lumen occluded by recanalized thrombus.

  7. Incidental finding of hypertension and diminished femoral pulses ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-08

    Jun 8, 2012 ... Case Study: Incidental finding of hypertension and diminished femoral pulses. 168. Vol 55 No 2. S Afr Fam Pract 2013. Introduction. Coarctation of the aorta is ... Surgery of the aorta and its branches. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company, 2000; p. 3-10. 2. Rao PS. Coarctation of the aorta. Curr Cardiol Rep.

  8. Incidental finding of hypertension and diminished femoral pulses ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Incidental finding of hypertension and diminished femoral pulses: short-segment stenosis of the aorta just distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery. ... Young patients may present within the first few weeks of life with poor feeding, tachypnea and lethargy. They usually progress to overt congestive heart failure and shock.

  9. Fisheries in small reservoirs in Northern Ghana: Incidental Benefit or ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fisheries in small reservoirs in the Upper East Region are perceived to be an incidental benefit and the potential of this livelihood strategy is neglected. However, in some communities fishing in small reservoirs is part of their livelihood strategies. Several participatory appraisal tools provided entry points for investigations, ...

  10. Task type and incidental L2 vocabulary learning: Repetition versus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the effect of task type on incidental L2 vocabulary learning. The different tasks investigated in this study differed in terms of repetition of encounters and task involvement load. In a within-subjects design, 72 Iranian learners of English practised 18 target words in three exercise conditions: three ...

  11. Clinical characteristics and prognosis of incidentally detected lung cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quadrelli, S; Lyons, G; Colt, H; Chimondeguy, D; Buero, A

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate clinical characteristics and outcomes in incidentally detected lung cancer and in symptomatic lung cancer. We designed a retrospective study including all patients undergoing pulmonary resection with a curative intention for NSCLC. They were classified into two groups according to the presence or absence of cancer-related symptoms at diagnosis in asymptomatic (ASX)—incidental diagnosis—or symptomatic. Of the 593 patients, 320 (53.9%) were ASX. In 71.8% of these, diagnosis was made by chest X-ray. Patients in the ASX group were older (P = 0.007), had a higher prevalence of previous malignancy (P = 0.002), presented as a solitary nodule more frequently (P ASX (P = 0.001). Median survival times in pathological stages IIIB-IV were not significantly different. Incidental finding of NSCLC is not uncommon even among nonsmokers. It occurred frequently in smokers and in those with history of previous malignancy. Mortality of incidental diagnosis group was lower, but the better survival was related to the greater number of patients with earlier-stage disease.

  12. Preliminary Assessment of Cetacean Incidental Mortality in Artisanal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Three dolphin species and humpback whales were reported accidentally caught in fishing gear meant to catch sharks. Dolphins were mostly reported as to be entangled in gillnets; conversely longlines were only described to incidentally catch humpback whales. Bottlenose and spinner dolphins were respectively 48.10% ...

  13. Guidance of Spatial Attention by Incidental Learning and Endogenous Cuing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yuhong V.; Swallow, Khena M.; Rosenbaum, Gail M.

    2013-01-01

    Our visual system is highly sensitive to regularities in the environment. Locations that were important in one's previous experience are often prioritized during search, even though observers may not be aware of the learning. In this study we characterized the guidance of spatial attention by incidental learning of a target's spatial probability,…

  14. Incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of the inferior ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-05-30

    May 30, 2014 ... Case Report doi:10.4102/sajr.v18i1.592 http://sajr.org.za. Incidental right Bochdalek hernia with interruption of the inferior vena cava and hepatic venous collateral continuation: A case report. Authors: Farzanah I. Ismail1. Rule Human2. Anith Chacko1. Parmanand Naran2. Samia Ahmad1. Siraj Ellemdin2.

  15. Incidental Learning of Geospatial Concepts across Grade Levels: Map Overlay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battersby, Sarah E.; Golledge, Reginald G.; Marsh, Meredith J.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, the authors evaluate map overlay, a concept central to geospatial thinking, to determine how it is naively and technically understood, as well as to identify when it is leaner innately. The evaluation is supported by results from studies at three grade levels to show the progression of incidentally learned geospatial knowledge as…

  16. Texture and flavour memory in foods : an incidental learning experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mojet, J.; Köster, E.P.

    2002-01-01

    Memory plays a major role in the formation of food expectations. How accessible and how accurate is incidentally acquired and stored product information? In the present experiment the memory for variations in texture (and flavour) was tested with a new and ecologically valid method. Subjects (N =

  17. Texture and flavour memory in foods : an incidental learning experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mojet, J.; Koster, E.P.

    2002-01-01

    Memory plays a major role in the formation of food expectations. How accessible and how accurate is incidentally acquired and stored product information? In the present experiment the memory for variations in texture (and flavour) was tested with a new and ecologically valid method. Subjects (N=69:

  18. La música incidental en el cine y el teatro

    OpenAIRE

    Olarte Martínez, Matilde María

    2002-01-01

    [ES] Este artículo revisa el papel protagonista de la música incidental en el cine y en el teatro, partiendo de la definición estricta de música incidental y accidental, revisando las principales evoluciones que la música incidental ha experimentado en el cine, y deteniéndose en el género del musical, como un ejemplo significativo de la creación incidental musical actual. [EN] In this article we study the main role of the incidental music for films and theatre plays, starting from the stri...

  19. The Incidental Thyroid Lesion in Parathyroid Disease Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uthman Alamoudi MD

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective The incidental thyroid lesion is a common finding during general imaging studies. Their management has been the subject of numerous studies and recommendations. Parathyroid disease workup necessitates imaging investigation of the adjacent thyroid gland and therefore provides a unique window to the perioperative management of thyroid incidentaloma. The specific prevalence of incidental thyroid lesions in the context of parathyroid disease is unknown. We seek to investigate its prevalence during parathyroid workup and surgery and to ascertain if there was a change in management of these patients. Study Design Five-year retrospective database review. Setting Tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods The source and indication for referral, preoperative investigation findings, and management of the incidental thyroid lesions were examined. The actual procedure performed and final pathology results were assessed. Results A total of 98 patients and 106 operations, including revision surgeries, were identified. There were 21 incidental thyroid lesions (21.4% detected, whereby 15 patients underwent fine-needle aspirations and 12 subsequently had diagnostic hemithyroidectomies. This decision was made preoperatively in 5 patients and intraoperatively in 7 patients at the time of parathyroid surgery. Along with other pathologies, there were 7 patients with micropapillary thyroid carcinoma identified. Conclusions In our series, the prevalence of incidental thyroid lesion and thyroid malignancy is comparable to the general population. The management of the initial parathyroid disease in our patients was altered by the imaging and cytological findings of these thyroid lesions. This has implications on perioperative counseling of the thyroid and parathyroid disease.

  20. Incidental findings in chest X-rays; Zufallsbefunde im Roentgenthorax

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wielpuetz, M.O.; Kauczor, H.U. [Universitaetsklinikum Heidelberg, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Heidelberg (Germany); Universitaet Heidelberg, Translational Lung Research Center (TLRC), Deutsches Zentrum fuer Lungenforschung (DZL), Heidelberg (Germany); Universitaetsklinikum Heidelberg, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie mit Nuklearmedizin, Thoraxklinik, Heidelberg (Germany); Weckbach, S. [Universitaetsklinikum Heidelberg, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Heidelberg (Germany); Universitaet Heidelberg, Translational Lung Research Center (TLRC), Deutsches Zentrum fuer Lungenforschung (DZL), Heidelberg (Germany)

    2017-04-15

    Conventional projection radiography (chest x-ray) is one of the most frequently requested procedures in radiology. Even though chest x-ray imaging is frequently performed in asymptomatic patients for preoperative assessment, clinically relevant incidental findings are relatively scarce. This is due to the relatively low sensitivity of chest x-rays where few clinically relevant incidental findings are to be expected, as any detectable pathologies will as a rule already be clinically symptomatic. Recommendations from relevant societies for the management of incidental findings, apart from the clarification of incidental nodules, do not exist. This review article therefore describes the most frequent and typical incidental findings of lung parenchyma (apart from pulmonary nodules), mediastinal structures including the hilum of the lungs, pleura, chest wall and major vessels. Also described are those findings which can be diagnosed with sufficient certainty from chest x-rays so that further clarification is not necessary and those which must be further clarified by multislice imaging procedures or other techniques. (orig.) [German] Eine der haeufigsten Untersuchungen in der Radiologie ist die konventionelle Projektionsradiographie des Thorax (Roentgenthorax). Auch wenn projektionsradiographische Aufnahmen im Rahmen einer praeoperativen Abklaerung haeufig als orientierende Untersuchung angefertigt werden, sind - bedingt durch die relativ geringe Sensitivitaet des Roentgenthorax - wenig klinisch relevante Zufallsbefunde zu erwarten, da nachweisbare Pathologien in der Regel bereits auch klinisch apparent sind. Empfehlungen entsprechender Fachgesellschaften zu Zufallsbefunden im Roentgenthorax jenseits der Abklaerung von Rundherden liegen nicht vor. Die vorliegende Arbeit beleuchtet daher haeufige und typische Zufallsbefunde des Lungenparenchyms (ausser den Lungenrundherden), der mediastinalen Strukturen einschliesslich der Hili, der Pleura, der Thoraxwand sowie der

  1. To search or to like: Mapping fixations to differentiate two forms of incidental scene memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choe, Kyoung Whan; Kardan, Omid; Kotabe, Hiroki P; Henderson, John M; Berman, Marc G

    2017-10-01

    We employed eye-tracking to investigate how performing different tasks on scenes (e.g., intentionally memorizing them, searching for an object, evaluating aesthetic preference) can affect eye movements during encoding and subsequent scene memory. We found that scene memorability decreased after visual search (one incidental encoding task) compared to intentional memorization, and that preference evaluation (another incidental encoding task) produced better memory, similar to the incidental memory boost previously observed for words and faces. By analyzing fixation maps, we found that although fixation map similarity could explain how eye movements during visual search impairs incidental scene memory, it could not explain the incidental memory boost from aesthetic preference evaluation, implying that implicit mechanisms were at play. We conclude that not all incidental encoding tasks should be taken to be similar, as different mechanisms (e.g., explicit or implicit) lead to memory enhancements or decrements for different incidental encoding tasks.

  2. Incidental finding of arteria lusoria during transradial coronary catheterization: Significance in interventional cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafiq, Arsalan; Chutani, Surendra; Krim, Nassim R

    2017-12-08

    Arteria lusoria is the most common anomaly of the aortic arch with an incidence of 0.5%-2.5%. It is mostly diagnosed incidentally while performing imaging for evaluation of other unrelated medical conditions. The aberrant right subclavian artery arises beyond the origin of the left subclavian artery from the aortic arch. This results in a complex right-subclavian-aortic anatomy which leads to difficulty in transradial coronary angiography. This can lead to prolonged procedure time and increased use of catheters by unaware interventionists. This is even more important if this is encountered in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction. Our review takes into account clinical significance of this uncommon anomaly in the field of interventional cardiology. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. A citizen-centred approach to education in the smart city: incidental language learning for supporting the inclusion of recent migrants

    OpenAIRE

    Gaved, Mark; Jones, Ann; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Scanlon, Eileen

    2012-01-01

    Smart cities are often developed in a top-down approach and designers may see citizens as bits within data flows. A more human-centred perspective would be to consider what the smart city might afford its citizens. A high speed, pervasive network infrastructure offers the opportunity for ubiquitous mobile learning to become a reality. The MASELTOV project sees the smart city as enabling technology enhanced incidental learning: unplanned or unintentional learning that takes place in everyday l...

  4. Successful Thrombolysis despite Having an Incidental Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Briosa e Gala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To report a case of successful thrombolysis performed in a patient with an incidental unruptured intracranial aneurysm and review the literature. Case Report. Patient admitted for ischemic stroke due to left posterior cerebral artery occlusion, with an incidental right middle cerebral artery aneurysm, who underwent treatment with tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA resulting in clinical improvement without complications. Conclusion. The presence of unruptured intracranial aneurysms is considered as a contraindication to thrombolysis, due to a potentially higher hemorrhagic risk of aneurysm rupture. Patients, otherwise, eligible for thrombolysis are usually excluded from receiving this emergent treatment, despite its potential benefits. A reevaluation of the strict exclusion criteria for thrombolysis in acute stroke patients should be considered.

  5. Incidental findings, genetic screening and the challenge of personalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Petrini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Genetic tests frequently produce more information than is initially expected. Several documents have addressed this issue and offer suggestions regarding how this information should be managed and, in particular, concerning the expedience of revealing (or not revealing it to the persons concerned. While the approaches to the management of these incidental findings (IFs vary, it is usually recommended that the information be disclosed if there is confirmed clinical utility and the possibility of treatment or prevention. However, this leaves unsolved some fundamental issues such as the different ways of interpreting "clinical utility", countless sources of uncertainty and varying ways of defining the notion of "incidental". Guidelines and other reference documents can offer indications to those responsible for managing IFs but should not be allowed to relieve researchers and healthcare professionals of their responsibilities.

  6. The prevalence of incidentally detected adrenal enlargement on CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang, Y.Z.; Bharwani, N.; Micco, M.; Akker, S.; Rockall, A.G.; Sahdev, A.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To assess the prevalence and the department's detection rate of adrenocortical hyperplasia. Materials and methods: All computed tomography (CT) examinations of the adrenal glands between February and April 2011 were reviewed. The study excluded patients with known underlying cancer, abdominal trauma, or endocrine disease. The adrenal gland was deemed enlarged if its body was greater than 10 mm diameter, or a limb greater than 5 mm. Results: There were a total of 564 eligible CT studies during this period. A total of 64 cases of incidental adrenal enlargement were found giving a prevalence of 11.3%. Only nine cases were reported in the contemporaneous CT report. Conclusion: The results of the present study show that incidental adrenal enlargement has a significant prevalence. It is often dismissed during reporting, and awareness needs to be raised in the radiological community. Equally, the clinical and biochemical significance needs to be assessed with endocrine correlation

  7. Risk of appendicitis in patients with incidentally discovered appendicoliths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Sohaib; Chaudhry, Mustafa Belal Hafeez; Shahzad, Noman; Tariq, Marvi; Memon, Wasim Ahmed; Alvi, Abdul Rehman

    2018-01-01

    An appendicolith-related appendiceal obstruction leading to appendicitis is a commonly encountered surgical emergency that has clear evidence-based management plans. However, there is no consensus on management of asymptomatic patients when appendicoliths are found incidentally. The objective of this study was to determine the risk of appendicitis in patients with an incidental finding of the appendicolith. A retrospective matched cohort study of patients with appendicolith discovered incidentally on computed tomographic scan from January 2008 to December 2014 at our institution was completed. The size and position of the appendicolith were ascertained. The study group was matched by age and gender to a control group. Both groups were contacted and interviewed regarding development of appendicitis. In total, 111 patients with appendicolith were successfully contacted and included in the study. Mean age was found to be 38 ± 15 y with 36 (32%) of the study population being females. Mean length of appendix was 66 ± 16 mm, and mean width was 5.8 ± 0.9 mm. Mean size of the appendicolith was 3.6 ± 1.1 mm (1.4-7.8 mm). Fifty-eight percent of appendicoliths was located at the proximal end or whole of appendix, 31% at mid area, and 11% at the distal end of appendix. All patients of the study and control groups were contacted, and at a mean follow-up of 4.0 ± 1.7 y, there was no occurrence of acute appendicitis in either group. Patients with incidentally discovered appendicolith on radiological imaging did not develop appendicitis. Hence, the risk of developing acute appendicitis for these patients does not seem higher than the general population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Incidental Detection of Arteria Lusoria During Transradial Coronary Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moorthy, Nagaraja; Setty, Natraj; Kharge, Jayashree; Raghu, Thagachagere R; Nanjappa, Manjunath C

    2017-08-01

    Transradial access has become popular and preferred approach in coronary interventions due to high success rate, low risk of complications and patients' comfort. However various anatomical variations and anomalies may pose technical challenge. Arteria lusoria is an uncommon condition which is technically challenging and may warrant cross-over to alternate access. We report a middle aged male presenting with acute coronary syndrome in which arteria lusoria was incidentally detected during right transradial coronary intervention.

  9. Accessory hepatic lobe in right lumbar region - an incidental finding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, M K; Ghartimagar, D; Ghosh, A

    2014-01-01

    An accessory lobe of liver is a rare congenital anomaly which can be detected incidentally or can even present as acute surgical emergency due to torsion. We report a case of accessory hepatic lobe in right lumbar region in a 21years old female who came for a ultrasound abdomen for lower abdominal pain. We report the importance of ultrasonography and Computed Tomogram (CT) scan for the diagnosis of accessory hepatic lobe.

  10. Small Renal Masses: Incidental Diagnosis, Clinical Symptoms, and Prognostic Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Martín, F. M.; Millán-Rodríguez, F.; Urdaneta-Pignalosa, G.; Rubio-Briones, J.; Villavicencio-Mavrich, H.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. The small renal masses (SRMs) have increased over the past two decades due to more liberal use of imaging techniques. SRMs have allowed discussions regarding their prognostic, diagnosis, and therapeutic approach. Materials and methods. Clinical presentation, incidental diagnosis, and prognosis factors of SRMs are discussed in this review. Results. SRMs are defined as lesions less than 4 cm in diameter. SRM could be benign, and most malignant SMRs are low stage and low grade. Cli...

  11. PROMOTING INCIDENTAL VOCABULARY LEARNING THROUGH VERBAL DRAMATIZATION OF WORDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Looi-Chin Ch’ng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that explicit teaching of vocabulary is often practised in English as a Second Language (ESL classrooms, it has been proven to be rather ineffective, largely because words are not taught in context. This has prompted the increasing use of incidental vocabulary learning approach, which emphasises on repeated readings as a source for vocabulary learning. By adopting this approach, this study aims to investigate students’ ability in learning vocabulary incidentally via verbal dramatization of written texts. In this case, readers’ theatre (RT is used as a way to allow learners to engage in active reading so as to promote vocabulary learning. A total of 160 diploma students participated in this case study and they were divided equally into two groups, namely classroom reading (CR and RT groups. A proficiency test was first conducted to determine their vocabulary levels. Based on the test results, a story was selected as the reading material in the two groups. The CR group read the story through a normal reading lesson in class while the RT group was required to verbally dramatize the text through readers’ theatre activity. Then, a post-test based on vocabulary levels was carried out and the results were compared. The findings revealed that incidental learning was more apparent in the RT group and their ability to learn words from the higher levels was noticeable through higher accuracy scores. Although not conclusive, this study has demonstrated the potential of using readers’ theatre as a form of incidental vocabulary learning activity in ESL settings.

  12. Intrarenal Splenosis Diagnosed in an Incidentally Found Left Renal Mass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza Lamin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Intrarenal splenosis is very rare and its management is not well established. We present a patient in whom an enhancing left renal mass was incidentally detected on a Computerized tomographic (CT scan, concerning for renal cell carcinoma. However, the lesion was determined to represent intrarenal splenosis, confirmed by Technetium-99m (99mTc sulfur colloid scan and percutaneous biopsy, which revealed splenic tissue. This multimodal approach to diagnosis of an unusual condition spared the patient an invasive procedure.

  13. Delayed incidental diagnosis of postoperative extradural hematoma following ventriculoperitoneal shunt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinay Byrappa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ventriculo peritoneal (VP shunt uncommonly complicates as intracranial hematomas which can still occur in patients with a functioning VP shunt leading to a delay in the diagnosis which can be extremely dangerous and lead to adverse outcomes. We report a case of an incidental diagnosis of delayed post-operative EDH following VP shunt in an young adult patient with a right cerebellar lesion and highlight the need for meticulous post-operative neurological examination.

  14. Incidental Learning of Melodic Structure of North Indian Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrmeier, Martin; Widdess, Richard

    2017-07-01

    Musical knowledge is largely implicit. It is acquired without awareness of its complex rules, through interaction with a large number of samples during musical enculturation. Whereas several studies explored implicit learning of mostly abstract and less ecologically valid features of Western music, very little work has been done with respect to ecologically valid stimuli as well as non-Western music. The present study investigated implicit learning of modal melodic features in North Indian classical music in a realistic and ecologically valid way. It employed a cross-grammar design, using melodic materials from two modes (rāgas) that use the same scale. Findings indicated that Western participants unfamiliar with Indian music incidentally learned to identify distinctive features of each mode. Confidence ratings suggest that participants' performance was consistently correlated with confidence, indicating that they became aware of whether they were right in their responses; that is, they possessed explicit judgment knowledge. Altogether our findings show incidental learning in a realistic ecologically valid context during only a very short exposure, they provide evidence that incidental learning constitutes a powerful mechanism that plays a fundamental role in musical acquisition. Copyright © 2016 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  15. Incidental MRI Findings in Patients with Impaired Cognitive Function

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Yoon Joon [Dept. of Radiology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-01-15

    This study aims to evaluate the incidental findings on brain MRI of patients with cognitive function impairments. We analyzed magnetic resonance (MR) findings of 236 patients with decreased cognitive function. MR protocols include conventional T2 weighted axial images, fluid attenuated inversion recovery axial images, T1 weighted coronal 3-dimensional magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition of gradient echo and diffusion tensor images. We retrospectively evaluated the signal changes that suggest acute/subacute infarction and space occupying lesions which show mass effect. Incidental MR findings were seen in 16 patients. Nine patients (3.8%) showed increased signal intensity on trace map of diffusion tensor images suggesting acute/subacute infarctions. Space occupying lesions were detected in 7 patients, and 3 lesions (1.27%) had mass effect and edema and were considered clinically significant lesions that diminish cognitive functions. Several incidental MR findings were detected in patients with decreased cognitive function, and the incidence of aucte/subacute infarctions were higher. Proper evaluations of MRI in patients with impaired cognitive functions will be helpful in early detection and management of ischemic lesions and space occupying lesions.

  16. Clinicopathologic features of incidental prostatic adenocarcinoma in radical cystoprostatectomy specimens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuruskan Hakan

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study is to review all features of incidentally discovered prostate adenocarcinoma in patients undergoing radical cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer. Methods The medical charts of 300 male patients who underwent radical cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer between 1997 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of the patients was 62 (range 51-75 years. Results Prostate adenocarcinoma was present in 60 (20% of 300 specimens. All were acinar adenocarcinoma. Of these, 40 (66.7% were located in peripheral zone, 20 (33.3% had pT2a tumor, 12 (20% had pT2b tumor, 22(36.7% had pT2c and, 6 (10% had pT3a tumor. Gleason score was 6 or less in 48 (80% patients. Surgical margins were negative in 54 (90% patients, and tumor volume was less than 0.5 cc in 23 (38.3% patients. Of the 60 incidentally detected cases of prostate adenocarcinoma 40 (66.7% were considered clinically significant. Conclusion Incidentally detected prostate adenocarcinoma is frequently observed in radical cystoprostatectomy specimens. The majority are clinically significant.

  17. Take Charge. Take the Test. PSA (:30)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-07

    As part of the Take Charge. Take the Test. campaign, this 30 second PSA encourages African American women to get tested for HIV. Locations for a free HIV test can be found by visiting hivtest.org/takecharge or calling 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636).  Created: 3/7/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/7/2012.

  18. Analysis And Assessment Of The Security Method Against Incidental Contamination In The Collective Water Supply System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szpak Dawid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the main types of surface water incidental contaminations and the security method against incidental contamination in water sources. Analysis and assessment the collective water supply system (CWSS protection against incidental contamination was conducted. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA was used. The FMEA method allow to use the product or process analysis, identification of weak points, and implementation the corrections and new solutions for eliminating the source of undesirable events. The developed methodology was shown in application case. It was found that the risk of water contamination in water-pipe network of the analyzed CWSS caused by water source incidental contamination is at controlled level.

  19. 76 FR 6699 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Hawaii Range Complex; U.S. Navy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    .... 110121052-1045-02] RIN 0648-BA67 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in the Hawaii Range... anonymous). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or... inapplicable. List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 216 Exports, Fish, Imports, Incidental take, Indians, Labeling...

  20. 76 FR 70695 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in 12 Range Complexes and U.S. Air Force...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... [Docket No. 111019636-1638-01] RIN 0648-BB53 Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: U.S. Navy Training in 12... anonymous). Attachments to electronic comments will be accepted in Microsoft Word, Excel, WordPerfect, or... Exports, Fish, Imports, Incidental take, Indians, Labeling, Marine mammals, Navy, Penalties, Reporting and...

  1. 78 FR 30894 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; U.S. Navy Training in the Gulf of Alaska Temporary Maritime...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ...: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce...: An electronic copy of the LOA and supporting documentation may be obtained by writing to P. Michael..., monitoring, and reporting requirements and establish a framework to authorize incidental take through the...

  2. 77 FR 11067 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; U.S. Navy Training in the Hawaii Range Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ...-Island Region; and Hawaii Island), spinner dolphin (Hawaii Pelagic; Hawaii Island; Oahu and 4-Island.... Navy Training in the Hawaii Range Complex AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National... (Navy) to take marine mammals incidental to training and research activities conducted within the Hawaii...

  3. Taking iron supplements

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007478.htm Taking iron supplements To use the sharing features on this page, ... levels. You may also need to take iron supplements as well to rebuild iron stores in your ...

  4. Taking multiple medicines safely

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000883.htm Taking multiple medicines safely To use the sharing features on this ... directed. Why You May Need More Than One Medicine You may take more than one medicine to ...

  5. Incidental solid renal mass in a cadaveric donor kidney

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R M Meyyappan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of patients living with end-stage renal disease (ESRD is increasing in our country and demand for renal grafts is ever increasing. Cadaver renal transplantation is being established as a viable supplement to live transplantation. We present a case where a mass lesion was encountered in the donor kidney from a cadaver. Enucleation of the lesion was done and we proceeded with the grafting. Histopathological examination showed a ′Renomedullary interstitial cell tumour′, a rare benign lesion. Post transplant, the renal function recovered well and the patient is asymptomatic. Such incidental renal masses present an ethical dilemma to the operating surgeon.

  6. Clinical value of renal images obtained incidentally to bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ohishi, Y.; Machida, T.; Miki, M.; Kido, A.; Tanaka, A.

    1982-01-01

    Various studies were made on 400 renal (including 325 clinical cases) observed during whole-body bone scintigraphy using 99mTc-MDP. Asymmetrical renal images in bone scintigrams were obtained from 40% of the urologic patients and 7.5% of the nonurologic patients. Out of the asymmetrical images of the urologic patients, 50% provided nonvisualized kidneys and 35% showed unilateral renal high accumulation. It can be said from the above that renal images incidentally obtained during whole-body bone scintigraphy should not be overlooked

  7. 31 CFR 594.512 - Payment of taxes and incidental fees to the Palestinian Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....512 Payment of taxes and incidental fees to the Palestinian Authority. Effective April 12, 2006, U.S. persons are authorized to pay taxes or fees to, and purchase or receive permits or public utility services... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment of taxes and incidental fees...

  8. 31 CFR 595.510 - Payment of taxes and incidental fees to the Palestinian Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Payment of taxes and incidental fees to the Palestinian Authority. Effective April 12, 2006, U.S. persons are authorized to pay taxes or fees to, and purchase or receive permits or public utility services... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Payment of taxes and incidental fees...

  9. Does the Freedom of Reader Choice Affect Second Language Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Barry Lee; Bai, Yi Ling

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the effect of freedom of reader choice on the incidental acquisition of vocabulary was investigated in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) reading classes. Despite advocating free extensive reading as a means of obtaining a native-like L2 vocabulary,existing studies investigating the incidental acquisition of vocabulary have not…

  10. Incidental L2 Vocabulary Acquisition "from" and "while" Reading: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellicer-Sánchez, Ana

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that reading is an important source of incidental second language (L2) vocabulary acquisition. However, we still do not have a clear picture of what happens when readers encounter unknown words. Combining offline (vocabulary tests) and online (eye-tracking) measures, the incidental acquisition of vocabulary knowledge…

  11. 30 CFR 937.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 937.702 Section 937.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  12. 30 CFR 947.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 947.702 Section 947.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  13. 30 CFR 912.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 912.702 Section 912.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  14. 30 CFR 933.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 933.702 Section 933.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  15. 30 CFR 905.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 905.702 Section 905.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  16. 30 CFR 942.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 942.702 Section 942.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  17. 30 CFR 939.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 939.702 Section 939.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  18. 30 CFR 921.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 921.702 Section 921.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of the chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  19. 30 CFR 910.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 910.702 Section 910.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  20. 30 CFR 922.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 922.702 Section 922.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  1. 30 CFR 941.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 941.702 Section 941.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... other minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of...

  2. 30 CFR 903.702 - Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 903.702 Section 903.702 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION... minerals. Part 702 of this chapter, Exemption for Coal Extraction Incidental to the Extraction of Other...

  3. 30 CFR 750.21 - Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals. 750.21 Section 750.21 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND... RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS § 750.21 Coal extraction incidental to the extraction of other minerals...

  4. Impact of lymphocytic thyroiditis on incidence of pathological incidental thyroid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Eric; Heffron, Cynthia; Murphy, Matthew; O'Leary, Gerard; Sheahan, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of lymphocytic thyroiditis on incidence of incidental thyroid cancers. We conducted a retrospective review of 713 consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomies. Incidental thyroid cancer was defined as an unexpected cancer discovered on pathological examination outside the index nodule undergoing preoperative cytology. We excluded 65 cases because of preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer, and 68 because of nonincidental cancer within the index nodule. Among the remaining 580 cases, there were 43 cases (7.4%) of incidental thyroid cancers. Incidental thyroid cancers were significantly associated with moderate/severe lymphocytic thyroiditis (relative risk = 2.5; p = .03). Sixteen of 56 patients with moderate/severe lymphocytic thyroiditis had Graves' disease, none of whom had incidental thyroid cancer. The risk of incidental thyroid cancer associated with moderate/severe lymphocytic thyroiditis was significantly higher in non-Graves' than patients with Graves' disease (p = .05). The risk of incidental thyroid cancer is significantly increased in patients with moderate/severe lymphocytic thyroiditis. Moderate/severe lymphocytic thyroiditis associated with Graves' disease seems to have a lower risk of incidental thyroid cancer. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 39: 122-127, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Incidental learning and memory for food varied in sweet taste in children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laureati, M.; Pagliarini, E.; Mojet, J.; Köster, E.P.

    2011-01-01

    This experiment investigated incidental learning and memory in children (age 7–10 years) for three different foods (fruit juice, fruit purée and biscuit), varied in sweetness. Children (N = 286) were exposed to three target foods and 24 h later their incidental learning was tested for one of the

  6. Approach to the management of incidental venous thromboembolic events in patients with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Casey L; Liebman, Howard A

    2014-11-01

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent clinical complication of cancer and its treatment. Although much of the epidemiologic data regarding this complication have been based on symptomatic events, the use of multidetector row CT scanner technology has led to increased identification of VTE on scans ordered primarily for staging or restaging of malignancy. These incidentally discovered VTEs are variously referred to in the literature as incidental, asymptomatic, unexpected, or unsuspected VTE. A recent guidance paper by the Hemostasis and Malignancy Subcommittee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis provided recommendations regarding this terminology (now termed incidental) and reporting of incidental VTE for clinical trials. A growing number of retrospective and case-controlled reports have described the prevalence, prognostic implications, and treatment options for these incidentally discovered VTE events, and have reported similar clinical outcomes for patients with incidental and symptomatic VTE. Because most reported patients with incidental VTE have been treated in a manner similar to those with symptomatic events, the present recommendations, except in rare circumstances, support the use of standard anticoagulation in the management of incidental deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Copyright © 2014 by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

  7. 46 CFR 276.1 - Partial repayment-incidental domestic trading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Partial repayment-incidental domestic trading. 276.1 Section 276.1 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING...—incidental domestic trading. In every instance where a vessel, with respect to which a construction...

  8. Incidental Vocabulary Learning in Second Language Acquisition: A Literature Review (Aprendizaje incidental de vocabulario en la adquisición de una segunda lengua: una revisión de literatura)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restrepo Ramos, Falcon Dario

    2015-01-01

    This literature review aims to analyze previous studies that address the incidental learning of vocabulary in second language acquisition. The articles included in this literature review look into the understanding of vocabulary learning through incidental means, the relationship of reading and incidental vocabulary learning, and the strategies…

  9. The incidental binding of color and shape is insensitive to the perceptual load

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Cezar Palhares Ferreira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The binding of information in visual short-term memory may occur incidentally when irrelevant information for the task at hand is stored together with relevant information. We investigated the process of the incidental conjunction of color and shape (Exp1 and its potential association with the selection of relevant information to the memory task (Exp2. The results in Exp1 show that color and shape are incidentally and asymmetrically conjugated: color interferes with the recognition of shape; however, shape does not interfere with the recognition of color. In Exp2, we investigated whether an increase in perceptual load would eliminate the processing of irrelevant information. The results of this experiment show that even with a high perceptual load, the incidental conjunction is not affected, and color remains to interfere with shape recognition, suggesting that the incidental conjunction is an automatic process.

  10. Small Renal Masses: Incidental Diagnosis, Clinical Symptoms, and Prognostic Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. M. Sánchez-Martín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The small renal masses (SRMs have increased over the past two decades due to more liberal use of imaging techniques. SRMs have allowed discussions regarding their prognostic, diagnosis, and therapeutic approach. Materials and methods. Clinical presentation, incidental diagnosis, and prognosis factors of SRMs are discussed in this review. Results. SRMs are defined as lesions less than 4 cm in diameter. SRM could be benign, and most malignant SMRs are low stage and low grade. Clinical symptoms like hematuria are very rare, being diagnosed by chance (incidental in most cases. Size, stage, and grade are still the most consistent prognosis factors in (RCC. An enhanced contrast SRM that grows during active surveillance is clearly malignant, and its aggressive potential increases in those greater than 3 cm. Clear cell carcinoma is the most frequent cellular type of malign SRM. Conclusions. Only some SRMs are benign. The great majority of malign SRMs have good prognosis (low stage and grade, no metastasis with open or laparoscopic surgical treatment (nephron sparing techniques. Active surveillance is an accepted attitude in selected cases.

  11. Taking technological infrastructure seriously

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mair, C.S.

    2017-01-01

    Taking Technological Infrastructure Seriously attempts to take stock of a sea-change in the way modern infrastructural resources are provided. Unlike traditional infrastructure, such as roads and electricity cables, where the State has largely been responsible for its provision, much of the key

  12. Mathematics of Risk Taking

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user

    Mathematics of Risk Taking. K B Athreya and M G Nadkarni. Keywords. Investor, risk taking, fair game, martingale, random walk, gam- bling, population. (left) K B Athreya is a visiting professor at IMI,. Mathematics Department,. IISc, Bangalore and is also a professor of mathematics and statistics at Iowa State. University ...

  13. Incidental findings detected on abdomino-pelvic multidetector computed tomography performed in the acute setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuaib, Waqas; Waqas, Shuaib; Johnson, Jamlik-Omari; Salastekar, Ninad; Maddu, Kiran K; Khosa, Faisal

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence and significance of incidental findings in patients with a chief complaint of abdominal pain presenting to the emergency department (ED) who received abdomino-pelvic multidetector computed tomography. We conducted a retrospective review of data collected for 290 patients over a period of 5 months (April to September 2012) from 3 different university-affiliated EDs. Two board-certified radiologists reviewed the original images independently and recorded the incidental findings. These findings were classified as benign, indeterminate, and worrisome. Only those findings present in the original report were included in the study. If an indeterminate or worrisome incidental finding was identified, the patient's medical records were reviewed to determine if the incidental finding was previously known, whether recommendation was made for further evaluation, and whether this recommendation led to any change in management. We identified 283 incidental findings—144 benign (51%), 114 indeterminate (40%), and 25 worrisome (9%) findings. A statistically significant difference was observed in the percentage of patients who experienced a change in management among those who received recommendations as compared with those who did not, in both previously known (87% vs 22%, P=.001) and previously unknown (70% vs 2%, P=.001) indeterminate findings. Unlike benign incidental findings, indeterminate and worrisome findings frequently alter the course of management. Recommendation from radiologists appears to significantly contribute to the management of indeterminate incidental findings.

  14. Managing incidental findings in human subjects research: analysis and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Susan M; Lawrenz, Frances P; Nelson, Charles A; Kahn, Jeffrey P; Cho, Mildred K; Clayton, Ellen Wright; Fletcher, Joel G; Georgieff, Michael K; Hammerschmidt, Dale; Hudson, Kathy; Illes, Judy; Kapur, Vivek; Keane, Moira A; Koenig, Barbara A; Leroy, Bonnie S; McFarland, Elizabeth G; Paradise, Jordan; Parker, Lisa S; Terry, Sharon F; Van Ness, Brian; Wilfond, Benjamin S

    2008-01-01

    No consensus yet exists on how to handle incidental findings (IFs) in human subjects research. Yet empirical studies document IFs in a wide range of research studies, where IFs are findings beyond the aims of the study that are of potential health or reproductive importance to the individual research participant. This paper reports recommendations of a two-year project group funded by NIH to study how to manage IFs in genetic and genomic research, as well as imaging research. We conclude that researchers have an obligation to address the possibility of discovering IFs in their protocol and communications with the IRB, and in their consent forms and communications with research participants. Researchers should establish a pathway for handling IFs and communicate that to the IRB and research participants. We recommend a pathway and categorize IFs into those that must be disclosed to research participants, those that may be disclosed, and those that should not be disclosed.

  15. Clinical management of incidental findings on pelvic adnexal masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Spadoto Dias

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Summary Due to widespread use of pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound in routine gynecological evaluation, the incidental finding of adnexal masses has led to discussions about management in asymptomatic patients regarding the risk of ovarian cancer. Transvaginal ultrasonography remains the modality of choice in the evaluation of suspicious characteristics. The combined analysis of ultrasound morphological parameters with Doppler study, serum carcinona antigen 125 and investigation of a symptom index may improve diagnosis. Surgical approach should be considered whenever there are suspicious images, rapid growth of cysts, changes in the appearance compared to the initial evaluation or when the patient has symptoms. Future studies on genetic and molecular mechanisms may help explain the pathophysiology of ovarian cancer, improving early diagnosis and treatment.

  16. Incidental experiences of affective coherence and incoherence influence persuasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntsinger, Jeffrey R

    2013-06-01

    When affective experiences are inconsistent with activated evaluative concepts, people experience what is called affective incoherence; when affective experiences are consistent with activated evaluative concepts, people experience affective coherence. The present research asked whether incidental feelings of affective coherence and incoherence would regulate persuasion. Experiences of affective coherence and incoherence were predicted and found to influence the processing of persuasive messages when evoked prior to receipt of such messages (Experiments 1 and 3), and to influence the confidence with which thoughts generated by persuasive messages were held when evoked after presentation of such messages (Experiments 2 and 3). These results extend research on affective coherence and incoherence by showing that they exert a broader impact on cognitive activity than originally assumed.

  17. Memory for incidentally perceived social cues: Effects on person judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawling, Ralph; Kirkham, Alexander J; Tipper, Steven P; Over, Harriet

    2017-02-01

    Dynamic face cues can be very salient, as when observing sudden shifts of gaze to a new location, or a change of expression from happy to angry. These highly salient social cues influence judgments of another person during the course of an interaction. However, other dynamic cues, such as pupil dilation, are much more subtle, affecting judgments of another person even without awareness. We asked whether such subtle, incidentally perceived, dynamic cues could be encoded in to memory and retrieved at a later time. The current study demonstrates that in some circumstances changes in pupil size in another person are indeed encoded into memory and influence judgments of that individual at a later time. Furthermore, these judgments interact with the perceived trustworthiness of the individual and the nature of the social context. The effect is somewhat variable, however, possibly reflecting individual differences and the inherent ambiguity of pupil dilation/constriction. © 2016 The British Psychological Society.

  18. Giant adrenal myelolipoma: Incidentaloma with a rare incidental association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wani Nisar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Adrenal myelolipoma is an unusual, benign and biochemically inactive tumor that is composed of mature adipose and hematopoietic tissue. It is usually diagnosed accidentally and nowadays much more frequently because of widespread use of ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging. Adrenal myelolipoma is usually unilateral and asymptomatic, though known to be associated with obesity, hypertension, endocrinological disorders and some malignancies. We report herein two cases of right-sided giant adrenal myelolipoma diagnosed by multidetector-row CT. One patient was symptomatic because of a large mass in the right upper abdomen, which on imaging with CT was seen to be right adrenal myelolipoma. Another patient had a large left side Bochdalek hernia and right adrenal myelolipoma was incidentally discovered on CT.

  19. 1. On note taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaut, Alfred B J

    2005-02-01

    In this paper the author explores the theoretical and technical issues relating to taking notes of analytic sessions, using an introspective approach. The paper discusses the lack of a consistent approach to note taking amongst analysts and sets out to demonstrate that systematic note taking can be helpful to the analyst. The author describes his discovery that an initial phase where as much data was recorded as possible did not prove to be reliably helpful in clinical work and initially actively interfered with recall in subsequent sessions. The impact of the nature of the analytic session itself and the focus of the analyst's interest on recall is discussed. The author then describes how he modified his note taking technique to classify information from sessions into four categories which enabled the analyst to select which information to record in notes. The characteristics of memory and its constructive nature are discussed in relation to the problems that arise in making accurate notes of analytic sessions.

  20. Outcomes of the patients diagnosed incidentally appendicitis during cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulhan, Mehmet; Kulhan, Nur Gozde; Nayki, Umit; Nayki, Cenk; Ulug, Pasa; Ata, Nahit; Toklucu, Hulya

    2017-01-01

    Appendicitis is the most common condition leading to an intraabdominal operation for a non obstetric problem in pregnancy and diagnosis of appendicitis is complicated by the physiologic and anatomic changes that occur during pregnancy. Although a surgical procedure carries the risk of fetal loss or preterm delivery, delay in diagnosis also increases the risk of complications in both mother and fetus. In this report we present our experience and analyze clinical characteristic and the pregnancy outcomes of appendicitis diagnosed incidentally during cesarean in the third trimester. The study population consisted of 23 pregnant women who were diagnosed incidentally with appendicitis during cesarean at Erzincan University Hospital between 2015 and 2016. Appendectomy was performed on 23 patients during a caesarean section performed for any reason. The mean dia-meter of appendix was 7.82 ± 1.85 mm. The mean operation time was 67.39 ± 18.94 SD and antibiotic therapy was given to all patients. Postoperative complications were noted in 4 (17.4%) patients. Wound infection was seen in 4 (17.4%) patients, the other 19 patients revealed no postoperative complications. The mean of APGAR score of newborns in the postoperative period was 8.26 ± 0.86 SD and no complications were observed in both mothers and newborns. Histopathology of the specimen confirmed acute appendicitis in 23 (100%) cases. Acute appendicitis is a challenging diagnosis in the pregnant patient; however, early surgical intervention should be performed with any suspicion. The type of surgery depends on the surgeon's preference and experience.

  1. Management of intracranial incidental findings on brain MRI; Management intrakranieller Zufallsbefunde in der MRT-Bildgebung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langner, S.; Buelow, R.; Kirsch, M. [University Medicine Greifswald (Germany). Inst. for Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology; Fleck, S. [University Medicine Greifswald (Germany). Dept. of Neurosurgery; Angermaier, A. [University Medicine Greifswald (Germany). Dept. of Neurology

    2016-12-15

    The wider use of MRI for imaging of the head in both research and clinical practice has led to an increasing number of intracranial incidental findings. Most of these findings have no immediate medical consequences. Nevertheless, knowledge of common intracranial incidental findings and their clinical relevance is necessary to adequately discuss the findings with the patient. Based on the author's experiences from a large population-based study, the most common incidental MR findings in the brain will be presented, discussing their clinical relevance and giving recommendations for management according to the current literature and guidelines.

  2. 77 FR 60679 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... use of active acoustics and underwater detonations. These non-impulsive (sonar) and impulsive... some of the marine mammals present within the Study Area to sound from active sonar, underwater... Command (SPAWAR) testing; and Office of Naval Research (ONR) and Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) testing...

  3. 78 FR 58524 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... INFORMATION: Background Sections 101(a)(5)(A) and (D) of the MMPA (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) direct the... transit corridor between the Mariana Islands and the Hawaii Range Complex, and Navy pierside locations... taken by injury or mortality. Description of the Specified Activity In the application submitted to NMFS...

  4. 77 FR 14744 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. The mailbox address for providing email comments... into a web-based Geographic Information System (GIS) developed by Duke University's Department of... the SWFSC SERDP team Read et al., 2009). For 11 cetacean species in the model, SIO used the GIS to...

  5. 77 FR 27189 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-09

    ... of exposure to seismic sound, the cephalopods were subjected to higher sound levels than they would..., night vision devices (NVDs) will be available, when required. The PSOs will be in wireless communication...

  6. 75 FR 42767 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... of service and not stored at the facility. Operations monitoring will be conducted from computers... telecommunication links and computer-based monitoring. Over time, it will be necessary to clean or repaint the blades and towers and periodically exchange lubricants and hydraulic fluids in the mechanisms of the wind...

  7. 78 FR 40436 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... the Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Neutralization and Airborne Mine Neutralization System. Prior to... removal of Elevated Causeway System (ELCAS) support piles may also result in the harassment of marine... daylight hours; Anchored floats will be used to mark the outer limits of the mitigation zone (vsw, pos); A...

  8. 76 FR 51947 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... the Columbia River. The facility would allow shipping of potash (salts containing potassium in water... piles and removal of 177 wood piles. Because elevated sound levels from pile driving have the potential... handling equipment, storage structures, utilities, and internal access roads on the site, a marine berth...

  9. 76 FR 71535 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... BT-11 would involve air- to-surface exercises to provide training in the delivery of conventional... total, 281 dolphins were sighted in the western range. To account for animals likely missed during... bottlenose dolphins were sighted ranging in group size from two to 70 animals with mean dolphin density in BT...

  10. 78 FR 19224 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... would involve air- to-surface exercises to provide training in the delivery of conventional (non... animals likely missed during sightings (i.e., those below the surface), Goodman et al. (2007) estimate... total, 276 bottlenose dolphins were sighted ranging in group size from two to 70 animals with mean...

  11. 78 FR 11821 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... Mexico. The USGS plans to use conventional low-energy, seismic methodology and ocean bottom seismometers... receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Richardson... little or no biological consequence to the animals (Richardson, et al., 1995). They simply avoided the...

  12. 78 FR 42042 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ...-surface exercises to provide training in the delivery of conventional (non-explosive) and special (laser..., allow a clear visual of a duck floating near the target. The cameras allow viewers to see animals at the... declared fouled. Operations may commence in the fouled area after the animal(s) have moved 1000 yards (914...

  13. 75 FR 32398 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Marine Corps Training Exercises...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... conventional (non- explosive) and special (laser systems) weapons. Surface-to-surface training by small..., 281 dolphins were sighted in the western range. To account for animals likely missed during sightings... bottlenose dolphins were sighted ranging in group size from two to 70 animals with mean dolphin density in BT...

  14. 78 FR 33369 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... use conventional low-energy, seismic methodology and ocean bottom seismometers (OBSs) to acquire the... the animals within the relevant exclusion zone for 15 minutes for species with shorter dive times (i.e... statistically robust conclusions for any particular species because of the small number of animals typically...

  15. 77 FR 55459 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Piling and Fill Removal in Woodard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... 12- to 24-in diameter pilings, along with associated pier superstructure, will be removed near but... continuous noise, such as that produced by vibratory pile extraction, are 190 dB root mean square (rms) re: 1...

  16. 78 FR 78105 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    .... NMFS uses an adaptive transparent process that allows for both timely scientific updates and public... decisions, the Navy has a robust adaptive management program that regularly addresses new information and... and EIS/OEIS. Vessels--Representative Navy vessel types, lengths, and speeds used in both training and...

  17. 78 FR 73009 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-04

    ... the use of the best available science. NMFS uses an adaptive transparent process that allows for both..., the Navy has a robust adaptive management program that regularly addresses new information and allows... sea. Vessels Representative Navy vessel types, lengths, and speeds used in both training and testing...

  18. 75 FR 68819 - Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement for Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... legally acceptable definitions, and will be included for with each voluntary ITP application. Each... to benefit the Covered Species and other listed flora and fauna. Part of the analysis in the KSHCP...

  19. 77 FR 19231 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... that increased global warming may increase a northward shift in Pacific white-sided dolphins. The... also allows sufficient time for EOD personnel to swim outside of the detonation plume radius and human... the receiver and wiring is unnecessarily introduced into an influence ordnance operating environment...

  20. 76 FR 68720 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... seal (Monachus schauinslandi). The North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica), listed as endangered... sperm whale (Kogia Deep waters off the NA NL NC 0 breviceps). shelf. 3.19 1.76 Dwarf sperm whale (Kogia...

  1. 77 FR 39471 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in Port Townsend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... Sound is a mechanical disturbance consisting of minute vibrations that travel through a medium, such as... physical damage to the sound receptors in the ear. In severe cases, there can be total or partial deafness...

  2. 76 FR 66274 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pier 36/Brannan Street Wharf...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-26

    ... similar to an APE 150, which produces up to 1,800 vibrations per minute. All impact pile driving would use... background, sound is a mechanical disturbance consisting of minute vibrations that travel through a medium... the sensitivity of the receptor (Richardson et al., 1995). Marine mammal reactions to sound may depend...

  3. 75 FR 30057 - Proposed Issuance of an Incidental Take Permit to Energy Northwest for Construction and Operation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... consist of up to 32 wind turbines with a generating capacity of 82 megawatts (MW) of electricity. Power... as well as all other aspects of the human environment, including but not limited to geology and soils...

  4. 77 FR 44583 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Piling and Fill Removal in Woodard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ..., and to provide opportunities for low-impact public use and environmental education for the people of...). Human disturbance can affect haul-out choice (Harris et al., 2003). Behavior and Ecology--Harbor seals... introduction of sound into the environment as a result of pile removal activities; however, this is unlikely to...

  5. 50 CFR 216.24 - Taking and related acts incidental to commercial fishing operations by tuna purse seine vessels...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...'s DML if it will further scientific or technological advancement in the protection of marine mammals..., to be minced, ground or cut into pieces of uniform weights and dimensions, NESOI 0304.29.6006...

  6. 78 FR 7049 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... full spectrum of anti-submarine warfare from detecting and tracking a submarine to attacking a target.... This testing integrates the full spectrum of anti-submarine warfare from detecting and tracking a... ship is by radar. Electromagnetic measurements of off- board electromagnetic signatures are also...

  7. 78 FR 6977 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... spectrum of anti-submarine warfare from detecting and tracking a submarine to attacking a target using... involving submarines, ships, and aircraft. This testing integrates the full spectrum of anti-submarine... how detectable the ship is by radar. Electromagnetic measurements of off-board electromagnetic...

  8. 75 FR 64276 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... Baja California and includes San Nicolas Island and Tanner and Cortes banks (Bonnell and Dailey 1993...; Physical oceanographic and geoacoustic data for input into the acoustic propagation model representing... animal movement for those training events with multiple detonations); An acoustic propagation model...

  9. 77 FR 60678 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; U.S. Navy Training and Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... of Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD... survival.'' With respect to military readiness activities, the MMPA defines ``harassment'' as: ``(i) Any act that injures or has the significant potential to injure a marine mammal stock in the wild [Level A...

  10. 75 FR 54599 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the Knik Arm Crossing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-3225. The mailbox address for providing email comments is... through effects on annual rates of recruitment or survival. Except with respect to certain activities not... the potential to injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild ; or (ii) has the potential...

  11. 75 FR 60735 - Proposed Issuance of Incidental Take Permits to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the Wildlife Areas including: horseback riding and dog field trial events; construction, maintenance... and associated activities; irrigation; upland bird stocking; wildlife feeding; routine habitat... behavioral patterns, including breeding, feeding, or sheltering (50 CFR 17.3). ``Harm'' is defined by NMFS...

  12. 77 FR 43238 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Navy Training Conducted at the Silver...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... average swim speed of the fastest swimming marine mammals. While the Commission quotes higher swim speeds... their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also...

  13. 50 CFR 17.22 - Permits for scientific purposes, enhancement of propagation or survival, or for incidental taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the permit, a complete description, including photographs or diagrams, of the facilities to house and...; (3) Percentage of range conserved by the conservation plan; (4) Ecological significance of that...) Ecological significance of that portion of the range affected by the Agreement; (5) Level of knowledge about...

  14. 78 FR 60852 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... permanently or temporarily. Repeated noise exposure that leads to TTS could cause PTS. Measured source levels.... Finally, exposure of marine mammals to certain sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et... sources and their paths) and the receiving animals (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is...

  15. 77 FR 50473 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... in survival and reproduction, either permanently or temporarily. Repeated noise exposure that leads... shallowness of the area to be dredged. Finally, exposure of marine mammals to certain sounds could lead to..., motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall et al. 2007). The proposed...

  16. 77 FR 20361 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pier 36/Brannan Street Wharf Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ..., whereas free- ranging animals may have been more tolerant of exposures because of motivation to return to... telephone. In the event that CWA discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and the lead PSO determines... the lead PSO determines that the injury or death is not associated with or related to the activities...

  17. 75 FR 77617 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... temporarily. Repeated noise exposure that leads to TTS could cause PTS. Measured source levels from impact... sounds could lead to behavioral disturbance (Richardson et al. 1995), such as: changing durations of... (hearing, motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall et al. 2007). The...

  18. 78 FR 2371 - Taking of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Construction of the East Span of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... leads to TTS could cause PTS. Measured source levels from impact pile driving can be as high as 214 dB... of the area to be dredged. Finally, exposure of marine mammals to certain sounds could lead to..., motivation, experience, demography) and is also difficult to predict (Southall et al. 2007). The proposed...

  19. 77 FR 32943 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in the Columbia River, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... of motivation to return to a safe location or approach enclosures holding prey items. While most of... Port discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and the lead PSO determines that the cause of the.... In the event that the Port discovers an injured or dead marine mammal, and the lead PSO determines...

  20. 77 FR 61017 - Draft Habitat Conservation Plan and Application for an Incidental Take Permit, Yamhill County, OR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... be received from interested parties no later than November 5, 2012. ADDRESSES: You may download... Surprises'' regulations (50 CFR 17.22(b)(5) and 17.32(b)(5)). Proposed Action If all of the issuance... interested party on this notice. We particularly seek comments on the following: (1) Biological data or other...

  1. 76 FR 45518 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Low-Energy Marine Geophysical Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... range extended to the Marshall Islands (Nair et al., 1975). However, the dugong is declining or extinct... to human activities or man-made noise. In many cases, tolerance develops by the animal habituating to... animals may need to remain in areas where they are exposed to chronic stimuli (Richardson, et al., 1995...

  2. 78 FR 22239 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey on the Mid...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ... investigate their role in controlling hydrothermal fluid discharge. The Observatory plans to use one source..., February 13, 2013). The Observatory's proposed activities have not changed between the proposed... issuing the requested Authorization, we use species-specific maximum densities (i.e., estimated by...

  3. 77 FR 69797 - Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Pile Driving in Port Townsend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-21

    ... transfer span, lift towers, tower foundations, and a portion of the bridge seat and replace them with a new... existing transfer span, lift towers, tower foundations, and a portion of the bridge seat. Once the old... to pile installation, a total of 56 piles will be removed using vibratory extraction or a crane...

  4. Incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary through brief multi-modal exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisson, Marie-Josée; van Heuven, Walter J B; Conklin, Kathy; Tunney, Richard J

    2013-01-01

    First language acquisition requires relatively little effort compared to foreign language acquisition and happens more naturally through informal learning. Informal exposure can also benefit foreign language learning, although evidence for this has been limited to speech perception and production. An important question is whether informal exposure to spoken foreign language also leads to vocabulary learning through the creation of form-meaning links. Here we tested the impact of exposure to foreign language words presented with pictures in an incidental learning phase on subsequent explicit foreign language learning. In the explicit learning phase, we asked adults to learn translation equivalents of foreign language words, some of which had appeared in the incidental learning phase. Results revealed rapid learning of the foreign language words in the incidental learning phase showing that informal exposure to multi-modal foreign language leads to foreign language vocabulary acquisition. The creation of form-meaning links during the incidental learning phase is discussed.

  5. Perinatal outcome in normal pregnant women with incidental thrombocytopenia at delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Hsuan Lin

    2013-09-01

    Conclusions: The results indicate that women who suffered from incidental thrombocytopenia at delivery but did not have other diseases during pregnancy were not at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

  6. Incidentally detected lung nodules: clinical predictors of adherence to fleischner society surveillance guidelines.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ridge, Carole A

    2014-02-28

    The objective of this study was to determine adherence to incidentally detected lung nodule computed tomographic (CT) surveillance recommendations and identify demographic and clinical factors that increase the likelihood of CT surveillance.

  7. Relative Preference and Localized Food Affect Predator Space Use and Consumption of Incidental Prey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyler E Schartel

    Full Text Available Abundant, localized foods can concentrate predators and their foraging efforts, thus altering both the spatial distribution of predation risk and predator preferences for prey that are encountered incidentally. However, few investigations have quantified the spatial scale over which localized foods affect predator foraging behavior and consumption of incidental prey. In spring 2010, we experimentally tested how point-source foods altered how generalist predators (white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus utilized space and depredated two incidental prey items: almonds (Prunus dulcis; highly profitable and maple seeds (Acer saccharum; less profitable. We estimated mouse population densities with trapping webs, quantified mouse consumption rates of these incidental prey items, and measured local mouse activity with track plates. We predicted that 1 mouse activity would be elevated near full feeders, but depressed at intermediate distances from the feeder, 2 consumption of both incidental prey would be high near feeders providing less-preferred food and, 3 consumption of incidental prey would be contingent on predator preference for prey relative to feeders providing more-preferred food. Mouse densities increased significantly from pre- to post-experiment. Mean mouse activity was unexpectedly greatest in control treatments, particularly <15 m from the control (empty feeder. Feeders with highly preferred food (sunflower seeds created localized refuges for incidental prey at intermediate distances (15 to 25m from the feeder. Feeders with less-preferred food (corn generated localized high risk for highly preferred almonds <10 m of the feeder. Our findings highlight the contingent but predictable effects of locally abundant food on risk experienced by incidental prey, which can be positive or negative depending on both spatial proximity and relative preference.

  8. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Incidental Carcinoma of the Gallbladder with Abdominal Wall and Axillary Node Metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard C. Johnson

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A case report is presented of intra-mural gallbladder carcinoma discovered incidentally after laparoscopic cholecystectomy who subsequently developed abdominal wall recurrence at the epigastric exit port, and axillary lymph node metastases. Possible preventative steps for tumour dissemination and a management plan if incidental carcinoma is diagnosed is discussed. The use of a non-porous retrieval bag, early recognition of the carcinoma and excision of the exit wound are advocated.

  9. Review and Future Direction in the Study of Incidental Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition Through Reading

    OpenAIRE

    鬼田, 崇作

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review studies in incidental second language (L2) vocabulary acquisition through reading and to show the future directions in this field. First, the paper reviews previous empirical studies within the framework of the quality and quantity of vocabulary processing in L2 vocabulary acquisition which thus far has been widely used mainly in the field of incidental L2 vocabulary acquisition research. This paper also focuses on the methodologies used in previous stud...

  10. Sumatera Incidental Music Di Taman Budaya Sumatera Utara: Deskripsi Pengelolaan, Pertunjukan, dan Struktur Musik.

    OpenAIRE

    Hutagalung, Jefri

    2011-01-01

    Group musik Sumatera Incidental Music adalah salah satu grup musik yang menyajikan musik etnik dalam setiap pertunjukannya. Grup ini di ketuai oleh Hendri Perangin Angin dan bersekretariat di Taman Budaya Sumatera Utara. Pada awalnya Sumatera Incidental Music dibentuk oleh Hendri Perangin Angin dan Winarto Kartupat. Hendri Perangin Angin dan Winarto Kartupat mempunyai visi dan pemikiran yang sama untuk membentuk sebuah grup musik pada tahun 2000. Sehingga pada tanggal 8 apri...

  11. Take Three: Seasonal Flu

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-09-29

    In this podcast, Dr. Joe Bresee describes how to keep from getting seasonal flu and spreading it to others by taking these three steps.  Created: 9/29/2010 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 9/29/2010.

  12. Mathematics of Risk Taking

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/014/01/0066-0079. Keywords. Investor; risk taking; fair game; martingale; random walk; gambling; population. Author Affiliations. K B Athreya1 2 M G Nadkarni3. Department of Mathematics Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa; I M I, Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Science, ...

  13. Rapid inventory taking system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marsden, P.S.S.F.

    1980-01-01

    A data processing system designed to facilitate inventory taking is described. The process depends upon the earliest possible application of computer techniques and the elimination of manual operations. Data is recorded in optical character recognition (OCR) 'A' form and read by a hand held wand reader. Limited validation checks are applied before recording on mini-tape cassettes. 5 refs

  14. Simulating Price-Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelhardt, Lucas M.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a price-takers' market simulation geared toward principles-level students. This simulation demonstrates that price-taking behavior is a natural result of the conditions that create perfect competition. In trials, there is a significant degree of price convergence in just three or four rounds. Students find this…

  15. Taking of history

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langebæk, Rikke

    2007-01-01

    Learning how to take a history is an extremely important discipline in the education of veterinary students. In our opinion the fact that this discipline is often neglected in traditional teaching is a big mistake. The mere thought of facing a real client can be almost paralysing to even the smar......Learning how to take a history is an extremely important discipline in the education of veterinary students. In our opinion the fact that this discipline is often neglected in traditional teaching is a big mistake. The mere thought of facing a real client can be almost paralysing to even...... the smartest student. So the more familiar a student can become with these situations the better. Since september 2006, veterinary students at Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, have received training in the discipline of history taking, using innovative educational methods: Online...... The students prepare themselves for the course by going online at home the day before class. Here they find a narrated PowerPoint presentation containing : 1) The principles of history taking 2) Client diversities – and the obstacles one might have to face with these different types of clients Video In class...

  16. Taking minutes of meetings

    CERN Document Server

    Gutmann, Joanna

    2016-01-01

    aking Minutes of Meetings guides you through the entire process behind minute taking: arranging the meeting; writing the agenda; creating the optimum environment; structuring the meeting and writing notes up accurately. The minute-taker is one of the most important and powerful people in a meeting and you can use this opportunity to develop your knowledge, broaden your horizons and build credibility within the organization. Taking Minutes of Meetings is an easy to read 'dip-in, dip-out' guide which shows you how to confidently arrange meetings and produce minutes. It provides hands-on advice about the sections of a meeting as well as tips on how to create an agenda, personal preparation, best practice advice on taking notes and how to improve your accuracy. Brand new chapters of this 4th edition include guidance on using technology to maximize effectiveness and practical help with taking minutes for a variety of different types of meetings. The creating success series of books... With over one million copi...

  17. The role of verbal and pictorial information in multimodal incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisson, Marie-Josée; van Heuven, Walter J B; Conklin, Kathy; Tunney, Richard J

    2015-01-01

    This study used eye tracking to investigate the allocation of attention to multimodal stimuli during an incidental learning situation, as well as its impact on subsequent explicit learning. Participants were exposed to foreign language (FL) auditory words on their own, in conjunction with written native language (NL) translations, or with both written NL translations and pictures. Incidental acquisition of FL words was assessed the following day through an explicit learning task where participants learned to recognize translation equivalents, as well as one week later through recall and translation recognition tests. Results showed higher accuracy scores in the explicit learning task for FL words presented with meaning during incidental learning, whether written meaning or both written meaning and picture, than for FL words presented auditorily only. However, participants recalled significantly more FL words after a week delay if they had been presented with a picture during incidental learning. In addition, the time spent looking at the pictures during incidental learning significantly predicted recognition and recall scores one week later. Overall, results demonstrated the impact of exposure to multimodal stimuli on subsequent explicit learning, as well as the important role that pictorial information can play in incidental vocabulary acquisition.

  18. Incidental sinus abnormalities in 256 patients referred for brain MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanaati H

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Imaging abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses are regularly noted as incidental findings on MRI, however, little is known about their prevalence in the Iranian population. The purpose of this study was to classify these findings in the paranasal sinuses as seen on MRI and to investigate the prevalence, according to site and type of paranasal abnormality. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the T2-weighted axial MRI of 256 patients with diseases unrelated to their paranasal sinuses were reviewed between May 2002 and June 2003. The findings were categorized according to the anatomic location and the imaging characteristics of the abnormality. The abnormalities recorded included total sinus opacification, mucoperiosteal thickening >5mm, air fluid levels and retention cysts or polyps. Unilateral or bilateral involvement and septal deviation were also noted. A sinus was considered normal if it was fully aerated and no soft-tissue density was apparent within the cavity. Results: Among our cases, 111 (43.5% were male and 145 (56.5% were female. Of these patients, abnormalities in one or more of the sinus groups were found in 110 subjects (42.9%, 55.5% of which were male and 44.5% were female (P=0.001. Maxillary sinus abnormalities were observed in 66.4% of the patients, while ethmoid sinus abnormalities were found in 63.6%. Of the ethmoid abnormalities, 21% were found in the anterior section, 9% in the middle ethmoid, and 8% in the posterior ethmoid. The most common abnormality found was mucosal thickening. Among our cases, 23.4% had septal deviation, which was significantly higher among those with sinusitis (29% versus 19.1%; P<0.01. Of those patients with sinus involvement, 16% were involved in the sphenoid sinus and 5% in the frontal sinus. The results obtained from the patients with sinus abnormality revealed that 85% suffered from cough, nasal obstruction, runny nose, facial pain and post nasal discharge and 24% had been diagnosed

  19. Take the "C" Train

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    In this essay, the author recalls several of her experiences in which she successfully pulled her boats out of river holes by throwing herself to the water as a sea-anchor. She learned this trick from her senior guides at a spring training. Her guides told her, "When you're stuck in a hole, take the "C" train."" "Meaning?" The author asked her…

  20. Social Perspective Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    having testicular cancer , they can and do attempt the perspective taking leap (Halpern, 2001). Individuals can strive to know themselves better by...science, social science, psychology , and anthropological literature in the areas of education, medicine, and cross-cultural interactions. 2. Identify...experts in the fields of social psychology , intercultural research, and medicine in order to determine the critical KSAs to be included in a training

  1. Perspective Taking in Workplaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zappalà Salvatore

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Workplaces are often described as places in which individuals are motivated by their self-interests and in which negative events like time pressure, anxiety, conflict with co-workers, miscomprehensions, difficulties in solving problems, not-transmitted or not-exchanged information that lead to mistakes, and in some cases to injuries, stress or control, are part of everyday life (Dormann & Zapf, 2002; Schabracq, Winnubst and Cooper, 2003. Such situations are often the result of the limited comprehension of needs, skills, or information available to colleagues, supervisors, subordinates, clients or providers. However, workplaces are also places in which employees take care of clients, support colleagues and subordinates (Rhoades & Eisenberger, 2002, are enthusiastic about their job (Bakker et al., 2008, are motivated by leaders that encourage employees to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the group or the organization and provide them with the confidence to perform beyond expectations (Bass, 1997. Thus positive relationships at work are becoming a new interdisciplinary domain of inquiry (Dutton & Ragins, 2006. Within this positive relationships framework, in this paper we focus on a positive component of workplaces, and particularly on an individual cognitive and emotional process that has an important role in the workplace because it facilitates interpersonal relations and communications: it is the perspective taking process. In order to describe perspective taking, we will refer to some empirical studies and particularly to the review published by Parker, Atkins and Axtell in 2008 on the International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

  2. Incidentally detected gastrointestinal stromal tumor: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Canbak

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST are mesenchymal tumors located primarily in the gastrointestinal tract. We aimed to present a case report of GIST incidentally detected during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.A 60-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room due to abdominal pain for one day. The physical examination revealed sensitivity on the right upper quadrant. In the laboratory examinations, white blood cell count 6,490 k/uL, hemoglobin 12 g/dL, hematocrit 35% and other biochemical tests were normal. Abdominal ultrasound revealed hydropic gallbladder, several gallstones with a maximum diameter of 15 mm and pericholecystic fluid collection was present. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was planned due to acute cholecystitis. In exploration, beside the presence of acute cholecystitis, a mass of approximately 5 cm, located 15 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz was detected. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. Conversion to open laparotomy was done; small intestine resection with end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor with CD117, CD34 and S100 positivity was detected on histopathologic examination.It is thought that GISTs are mesenchymal tumors originating from precursors of Kajal cells. GISTs are usually detected in their 60s. The first option for treatment is surgical resection.

  3. Incidental cardiac findings on computed tomography imaging of the thorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Gendi Hossam

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Investigation of pulmonary pathology with computed tomography also allows visualisation of the heart and major vessels. We sought to explore whether clinically relevant cardiac pathology could be identified on computed tomography pulmonary angiograms (CTPA requested for the exclusion of pulmonary embolism (PE. 100 consecutive CT contrast-enhanced pulmonary angiograms carried out for exclusion of PE at a single centre were assessed retrospectively by two cardiologists. Findings Evidence of PE was reported in 5% of scans. Incidental cardiac findings included: aortic wall calcification (54%, coronary calcification (46%, cardiomegaly (41%, atrial dilatation (18%, mitral annulus calcification (15%, right ventricular dilatation (11%, aortic dilatation (8% and right ventricular thrombus (1%. Apart from 3 (3% reports describing cardiomegaly, no other cardiac findings were described in radiologists' reports. Other reported pulmonary abnormalities included: lung nodules (14%, lobar collapse/consolidation (8%, pleural effusion (2%, lobar collapse/consolidation (8%, emphysema (6% and pleural calcification (4%. Conclusions CTPAs requested for the exclusion of PE have a high yield of cardiac abnormalities. Although these abnormalities may not have implications for acute clinical management, they may, nevertheless, be important in long-term care.

  4. Delphinid behavioral responses to incidental mid-frequency active sonar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, E Elizabeth; Smith, Michael H; Gassmann, Martin; Wiggins, Sean M; Douglas, Annie B; Hildebrand, John A

    2014-10-01

    Opportunistic observations of behavioral responses by delphinids to incidental mid-frequency active (MFA) sonar were recorded in the Southern California Bight from 2004 through 2008 using visual focal follows, static hydrophones, and autonomous recorders. Sound pressure levels were calculated between 2 and 8 kHz. Surface behavioral responses were observed in 26 groups from at least three species of 46 groups out of five species encountered during MFA sonar incidents. Responses included changes in behavioral state or direction of travel, changes in vocalization rates and call intensity, or a lack of vocalizations while MFA sonar occurred. However, 46% of focal groups not exposed to sonar also changed their behavior, and 43% of focal groups exposed to sonar did not change their behavior. Mean peak sound pressure levels when a behavioral response occurred were around 122 dB re: 1 μPa. Acoustic localizations of dolphin groups exhibiting a response gave insight into nighttime movement patterns and provided evidence that impacts of sonar may be mediated by behavioral state. The lack of response in some cases may indicate a tolerance of or habituation to MFA sonar by local populations; however, the responses that occur at lower received levels may point to some sensitization as well.

  5. Incidental placental choriocarcinoma in a term pregnancy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung Christopher

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Gestational choriocarcinoma occurs in 1 in 40,000 pregnancies. Of all forms of gestational choriocarcinoma, placental choriocarcinoma is the most rare. Maternal choriocarcinoma is usually diagnosed in symptomatic patients with metastases. The incidental finding of a choriocarcinoma confined to the placenta with no evidence of dissemination to the mother, or infant is the least common scenario. Case presentation The patient is an 18 year-old Gravida 1 Para 1 African American female who delivered a viable 3641 g female infant at 39 weeks gestation. Her pregnancy course was complicated by gestational hypertension during the third trimester. Her placenta revealed intraplacental choriocarcinoma. She was then followed closely by the Gynecologic Oncology service with a weekly serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin value. Beta human chorionic gonadotropin values dropped from 3070 mIU/ml to less than 2 mIU/ml two months post partum. No chemotherapy was initiated. Metastasis was ruled out by chest x-ray and whole body computed tomography scan. To date, both mother and baby are well. Conclusion Due to the potential fatal outcome of placental choriocarcinoma, careful evaluation of both mother and infant after the diagnosis is made is important. The incidence of placental choriocarcinoma may actually be higher than expected since it is not routine practice to send placentas for pathological evaluation after a normal spontaneous delivery. The obstetrician, pathologist, and pediatrician should have an increased awareness of placental choriocarcinoma and its manifestations.

  6. The Effects of Incidental Teaching on the Generalized Use of Social Amenities at School by a Mildly Handicapped Adolescent

    OpenAIRE

    Oswald, L. K.; Lignugaris/Kraft, Benjamin; West, R.

    1990-01-01

    Recently, researchers have begun exploring the effects of incidental teaching on the acquisition of socially appropriate behavior by handicapped children and adults. The results of these investigations suggest that incidental teaching may facilitate the generalization of newly trained social skills. This study used incidental teaching procedures to teach a 16-year-old mildly handicapped student to use social amenities in a resource classroom. In addition, generalization was assessed to anothe...

  7. Clinically insignificant association between anterior knee pain and patellofemoral lesions which are found incidentally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elson, D W; Jones, S; Caplan, N; St Clair Gibson, A; Stewart, S; Kader, D F

    2013-12-01

    Patellofemoral chondral lesions are frequently identified incidentally during the arthroscopic treatment of other knee pathologies. A role has been described for arthroscopic debridement when symptoms are known to originate from pathology of the patellofemoral joint. However, it remains unclear how to manage lesions which are found incidentally whilst tackling other pathologies. The purpose of this study was to establish the strength of association between anterior knee pain and patellofemoral lesions identified incidentally in a typical arthroscopic population. A consecutive series of patients undergoing arthroscopy for a range of standard indications formed the basis of this cross section study. We excluded those with patellofemoral conditions in order to identify patellofemoral lesions which were solely incidental. Pre-operative assessments were performed on 64 patients, where anterior knee pain was sought by three methods: an annotated photographic knee pain map (PKPM), patient indication with one finger and by palpated tenderness. A single blinded surgeon, performed standard arthroscopies and recorded patellofemoral lesions. Statistical correlations were performed to identify the association magnitude. Associations were identified between incidental patellofemoral lesions and tenderness palpated on the medial patella (P = 0.007, χ(2) = 0.32) and the quadriceps tendon (P = 0.029, χ(2) = 0.26), but these associations were at best fair, which could be interpreted as clinically insignificant. Incidental patellofemoral lesions are not necessarily associated with anterior knee pain, we suggest that they could be left alone. This recommendation is only applicable to patellofemoral lesions which are found incidentally whilst addressing other pathology. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Incidental pulmonary embolism in cancer patients: clinical characteristics and outcome – a comprehensive cancer center experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel-Razeq H

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Hikmat N Abdel-Razeq1, Asem H Mansour2, Yousef M Ismael11Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Radiology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, JordanBackground and objectives: Cancer patients undergo routine imaging studies much more than others. The widespread use of the recently introduced multi-detector CT scanners has resulted in an increasing number of incidentally diagnosed pulmonary embolism (PE in asymptomatic cancer patients. The significance and clinical outcome of such incidental PE is described.Methods: Both radiology department and hospital databases were searched for all cancer patients with a diagnosis of incidental PE. CT scans were performed using a 64-slice scanner with a 5.0 mm slice thickness.Results: During the study period, 34 patients with incidental PE were identified. The mean age (±SD was 57.7 (±12.4 years. All patients had active cancer, gastric, lung, colorectal, and lymphomas being the most frequent. Most patients had advanced-stage disease at the time of PE diagnosis; 26 (77% patients had stage IV, whereas only 3 patients had stages I or II disease. Twenty-seven (79% patients had their PE while undergoing active treatment with chemotherapy (68% or radiotherapy (12%; none, however, were on hormonal therapy. Most (74% patients had their PE diagnosed without history of recent hospital admission. Except for 5 (15%, all other patients were anticoagulated. With follow-up, 2 patients developed recurrent PE, 2 others had clinical and echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension, and 9 (26% died suddenly within 30 days of the diagnosis of incidental PE; 2 of these where among the 5 patients who were not anticoagulated.Conclusion: Incidental PE in cancer patients is increasingly encountered. Similar to symptomatic PE, many were diagnosed in patients with advanced stage disease and while undergoing active anti-cancer therapy. A significant percentage of patients had recurrent emboli, pulmonary hypertension

  9. Obesity is associated with an increased rate of incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, Christopher A; Werner, Brian C; Yang, Scott; Shimer, Adam L

    2015-04-01

    Retrospective database analysis. To determine the impact of obesity on the rate of incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery. There is a paucity of data on the overall impact of obesity on the rate of incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery, specifically with regard to the type of procedure performed. A large administrative database was queried for all patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery for decompression and/or fusion. They were then stratified into separate cohorts on the basis of body mass index and by procedural codes. Documentation of incidental durotomy was noted. Patient demographics and associated comorbidities were assessed. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated and χ test was used to assess for statistical significance. The incidental durotomy ranged from 0.5% to 2.6%, with the highest rates observed in multilevel laminectomies and revision decompressions in the obese and morbidly obese groups. For patients who underwent decompression only procedures, nonobese patients had a significantly lower rate of durotomy than the obese and morbidly obese cohorts. For patients who underwent fusion with or without decompression, there was a significantly increased rate of durotomy in obese patients compared with nonobese patients. The morbidly obese cohort also had significantly higher rates of incidental durotomy than the nonobese cohort in both revision decompression and revision fusion procedures. This analysis of a large administrative database demonstrates that obesity is associated with increased rates of incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery. Furthermore, obesity, in association with increasing complexity of the procedure, increases the rate of incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery. Surgeons must be aware of these increased risks as the rate of obesity increases in the population. 3.

  10. Incidental benign parotid lesions on FDG-PET: prevalence and clinico-pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lim, Il Han; Lee, Won Woo; Chung, Jin Haeng; Park, So Yeon; Kim, Yu Kyeong; Kim, Sang Eun

    2007-01-01

    Incidental parotid lesions on F-18 FDG-PET can mimic distant metastasis of underlying malignancy. The prevalence and the clinico-pathologic findings of PET positive parotid lesions have not been known. We investigated how often incidental parotid lesions are found on clinical FDG-PET studies and what the clinico-pathologic characteristics of those parotid lesions are in the present study. We retrospectively reviewed 3, 344 cases of FDG-PET which had been obtained in our hospital from May 2003 to Dec 2006. The indications of FDG-PET were: evaluation of known/suspected cancer (n=3, 212) or screening of cancer in healthy subjects (n=132). Incidental parotid lesion on FDG-PET was defined as an un-expected FDG uptake in one of parotid glands which was not primary target lesion of current FDG-PET. FDG uptake was represented by maximum standardized uptake value (maxSUV). Final diagnosis was made by pathologic analysis or clinical follow-up assessment. Fifteen (0.45% = 15/3, 344) incidental parotid lesions were found and they were all benign lesions. The maxSUV ranged from 1.7 to 8.6 (means.d.=3.71.9). Final diagnoses of the incidental parotid lesions were; Warthin's tumor (n=2), pleomorphic adenoma (n=1), other un-specified benign lesion (n=1), and benign lesions under bases of imaging studies (n=3) and of clinical follow-up (n=8). All of incidentally found parotid lesions in clinical FDG-PET studies were confirmed as benign lesions with prevalence of 0.45%. Close follow up using PET or CT might be a reasonable approach for determining the nature of incidentally found parotid lesions

  11. System-Level Process Change Improves Communication and Follow-Up for Emergency Department Patients With Incidental Radiology Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baccei, Steven J; Chinai, Sneha A; Reznek, Martin; Henderson, Scott; Reynolds, Kevin; Brush, D Eric

    2018-01-03

    The appropriate communication and management of incidental findings on emergency department (ED) radiology studies is an important component of patient safety. Guidelines have been issued by the ACR and other medical associations that best define incidental findings across various modalities and imaging studies. However, there are few examples of health care facilities designing ways to manage incidental findings. Our institution aimed to improve communication and follow-up of incidental radiology findings in ED patients through the collaborative development and implementation of system-level process changes including a standardized loop-closure method. We assembled a multidisciplinary team to address the nature of these incidental findings and designed new workflows and operational pathways for both radiology and ED staff to properly communicate incidental findings. Our results are based on all incidental findings received and acknowledged between November 1, 2016, and May 30, 2017. The total number of incidental findings discovered was 1,409. Our systematic compliance fluctuated between 45% and 95% initially after implementation. However, after overcoming various challenges through optimization, our system reached a compliance rate of 93% to 95%. Through the implementation of our new, standardized communication system, a high degree of compliance with loop closure for ED incidental radiology findings was achieved at our institution. Copyright © 2017 American College of Radiology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Estimated Levels of Gluten Incidentally Present in a Canadian Gluten-Free Diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieille, Sébastien La; Dubois, Sheila; Hayward, Stephen; Koerner, Terence B.

    2014-01-01

    Avoiding exposure to gluten is currently the only effective treatment for celiac disease. However, the evidence suggests that for most affected individuals, exposure to less than 10 mg/day is unlikely to cause histological changes to the intestinal mucosa. The daily diet of people with celiac disease does not rely solely on gluten-free pre-packaged foods, but also on naturally gluten-free grains (e.g., rice, buckwheat, ...) and foods with grain-derived ingredients (i.e., flour and starches) used for cooking and baking at home. The objective of this study was to estimate the level of incidental gluten potentially present in gluten-free diets from a Canadian perspective. We have conducted gluten exposure estimations from grain-containing foods and foods with grain-derived ingredients, taking into consideration the various rates of food consumption by different sex and age groups. These estimates have concluded that if gluten was present at levels not exceeding 20 ppm, exposure to gluten would remain below 10 mg per day for all age groups studied. However, in reality the level of gluten found in naturally gluten-free ingredients is not static and there may be some concerns related to the flours made from naturally gluten-free cereal grains. It was found that those containing a higher level of fiber and that are frequently used to prepare daily foods by individuals with celiac disease could be a concern. For this category of products, only the flours and starches labelled “gluten-free” should be used for home-made preparations. PMID:24566442

  13. Estimated Levels of Gluten Incidentally Present in a Canadian Gluten-Free Diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien La Vieille

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Avoiding exposure to gluten is currently the only effective treatment for celiac disease. However, the evidence suggests that for most affected individuals, exposure to less than 10 mg/day is unlikely to cause histological changes to the intestinal mucosa. The daily diet of people with celiac disease does not rely solely on gluten-free pre-packaged foods, but also on naturally gluten-free grains (e.g., rice, buckwheat, ... and foods with grain-derived ingredients (i.e., flour and starches used for cooking and baking at home. The objective of this study was to estimate the level of incidental gluten potentially present in gluten-free diets from a Canadian perspective. We have conducted gluten exposure estimations from grain-containing foods and foods with grain-derived ingredients, taking into consideration the various rates of food consumption by different sex and age groups. These estimates have concluded that if gluten was present at levels not exceeding 20 ppm, exposure to gluten would remain below 10 mg per day for all age groups studied. However, in reality the level of gluten found in naturally gluten-free ingredients is not static and there may be some concerns related to the flours made from naturally gluten-free cereal grains. It was found that those containing a higher level of fiber and that are frequently used to prepare daily foods by individuals with celiac disease could be a concern. For this category of products, only the flours and starches labelled “gluten-free” should be used for home-made preparations.

  14. Estimated levels of gluten incidentally present in a Canadian gluten-free diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Vieille, Sébastien; Dubois, Sheila; Hayward, Stephen; Koerner, Terence B

    2014-02-21

    Avoiding exposure to gluten is currently the only effective treatment for celiac disease. However, the evidence suggests that for most affected individuals, exposure to less than 10 mg/day is unlikely to cause histological changes to the intestinal mucosa. The daily diet of people with celiac disease does not rely solely on gluten-free pre-packaged foods, but also on naturally gluten-free grains (e.g., rice, buckwheat, ...) and foods with grain-derived ingredients (i.e., flour and starches) used for cooking and baking at home. The objective of this study was to estimate the level of incidental gluten potentially present in gluten-free diets from a Canadian perspective. We have conducted gluten exposure estimations from grain-containing foods and foods with grain-derived ingredients, taking into consideration the various rates of food consumption by different sex and age groups. These estimates have concluded that if gluten was present at levels not exceeding 20 ppm, exposure to gluten would remain below 10 mg per day for all age groups studied. However, in reality the level of gluten found in naturally gluten-free ingredients is not static and there may be some concerns related to the flours made from naturally gluten-free cereal grains. It was found that those containing a higher level of fiber and that are frequently used to prepare daily foods by individuals with celiac disease could be a concern. For this category of products, only the flours and starches labelled "gluten-free" should be used for home-made preparations.

  15. Direct detection of incidental asymptomatic aneurysm by computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asari, S.; Sakurai, M.; Yamamoto, Y.; Suzuki, K. (Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Ehime (Japan)); Sadamoto, K.

    1981-02-01

    Incidental asymptomatic aneurysms were found in 9 of 52 patients with intracranial aneurysms from February, 1978 to March, 1980. They had only mild initial symptoms, namely, headache, dysarthria, aphasis, light hemiparesis and others. No patients had severe neurological deficits. In eight of 9 patients with asymptomatic aneurysm, except one case of hypertensive intracerebral hematoma, 9 aneurysms (8 patients) were directly detected by high resolution CT (GE CT/T 8800) and confirmed by angiography. Location of these aneurysms as follows: three at the middle cerebral artery trifurcation, two at the internal carotisposterior communicans junction, one at anterior communication artery, one at the basilar top, one at the basilaris artery-superior cerebelli artery junction and one at the posterior cerebral artery. The smallest aneurysm detected by CT as 5 x 4 x 4 mm in size on angiography. The aneurysm may be suggested by small round or oval defect in the Sylvian fissure or suprasellar cistern, defect of the edge of the so called ''pentagon'' in the plain CT and then if its density is highly and homogeneously increased after contrast-enhanced (CE) scan. As the circle of Willis and other major cerebral arteries can often be demonstrated on CE.CT images, the aneurysm is frequently seen on these cerebral arteries. Limiting factors to direct CT detection of intracranial aneurysms are seemed to be size and location of aneurysm, anatomic location of circle of Willis and motion of patients etc. It may be considered, in our experiences, that the CT is useful in diagnosis of asymptomatic aneurysm and the higher direct CT detection rate to aneurysms, small or medium sized as well as giant aneurysms, will be obtained by devising scanning method, namely, multiprojection scans, multiple overlapping method and improvement of enhanced method.

  16. The Role of Repeated Exposure to Multimodal Input in Incidental Acquisition of Foreign Language Vocabulary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisson, Marie-Josée; van Heuven, Walter J B; Conklin, Kathy; Tunney, Richard J

    2014-12-01

    Prior research has reported incidental vocabulary acquisition with complete beginners in a foreign language (FL), within 8 exposures to auditory and written FL word forms presented with a picture depicting their meaning. However, important questions remain about whether acquisition occurs with fewer exposures to FL words in a multimodal situation and whether there is a repeated exposure effect. Here we report a study where the number of exposures to FL words in an incidental learning phase varied between 2, 4, 6, and 8 exposures. Following the incidental learning phase, participants completed an explicit learning task where they learned to recognize written translation equivalents of auditory FL word forms, half of which had occurred in the incidental learning phase. The results showed that participants performed better on the words they had previously been exposed to, and that this incidental learning effect occurred from as little as 2 exposures to the multimodal stimuli. In addition, repeated exposure to the stimuli was found to have a larger impact on learning during the first few exposures and decrease thereafter, suggesting that the effects of repeated exposure on vocabulary acquisition are not necessarily constant.

  17. Neuronal oscillations reveal the processes underlying intentional compared to incidental learning in children and young adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moritz Köster

    Full Text Available This EEG study investigated the neuronal processes during intentional compared to incidental learning in young adults and two groups of children aged 10 and 7 years. Theta (3-8 Hz and alpha (10-16 Hz neuronal oscillations were analyzed to compare encoding processes during an intentional and an incidental encoding task. In all three age groups, both encoding conditions were associated with an increase in event-related theta activity. Encoding-related alpha suppression increased with age. Memory performance was higher in the intentional compared to the incidental task in all age groups. Furthermore, intentional learning was associated with an improved encoding of perceptual features, which were relevant for the retrieval phase. Theta activity increased from incidental to intentional encoding. Specifically, frontal theta increased in all age groups, while parietal theta increased only in adults and older children. In younger children, parietal theta was similarly high in both encoding phases. While alpha suppression may reflect semantic processes during encoding, increased theta activity during intentional encoding may indicate perceptual binding processes, in accordance with the demands of the encoding task. Higher encoding-related alpha suppression in the older age groups, together with age differences in parietal theta activity during incidental learning in young children, is in line with recent theoretical accounts, emphasizing the role of perceptual processes in mnemonic processing in young children, whereas semantic encoding processes continue to mature throughout middle childhood.

  18. Clinically relevant incidental cardiovascular findings in CT examinations; Klinisch relevante kardiovaskulaere Zufallsbefunde bei CT-Untersuchungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voigt, P.; Fahnert, J.; Kahn, T.; Surov, A. [Universitaetsklinikum Leipzig, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Leipzig (Germany); Schramm, D.; Bach, A.G. [Universitaetsklinikum Halle (Saale), Klinik fuer Radiologie, Halle (Germany)

    2017-04-15

    Incidental cardiovascular findings are a frequent phenomenon in computed tomography (CT) examinations. As the result of a dedicated PubMed search this article gives a systemic overview of the current literature on the most important incidental cardiovascular findings, their prevalence and clinical relevance. The majority of incidental cardiovascular findings are of only low clinical relevance; however, highly relevant incidental findings, such as aortic aneurysms, thromboses and thromboembolic events can also occasionally be found, especially in oncology patients. The scans from every CT examination should also be investigated for incidental findings as they can be of decisive importance for the further clinical management of patients, depending on their clinical relevance. (orig.) [German] Inzidentelle kardiovaskulaere Befunde sind ein haeufiges Phaenomen bei CT-Untersuchungen. Mit dieser Arbeit soll nach gezielter PubMed-Recherche ein systematischer Literaturueberblick ueber die wichtigsten kardiovaskulaeren Zufallsbefunde sowie deren Haeufigkeit und klinische Relevanz gegeben werden. Die Mehrzahl der inzidentellen kardiovaskulaeren Befunde sind klinisch nur von untergeordneter Bedeutung, allerdings werden immer wieder auch hochgradig relevante Zufallsbefunde wie beispielsweise Aortenaneurysmata oder - gerade bei onkologischen Patienten - Thrombosen und thrombembolische Ereignisse detektiert. Jede CT-Untersuchung sollte gezielt nach inzidentellen Befunden durchsucht werden, da diese je nach klinischer Relevanz von entscheidender Bedeutung fuer das weitere klinische Management des Patienten sein koennen. (orig.)

  19. Disability in patients with trapeziometacarpal joint arthrosis: incidental versus presenting diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Stéphanie J E; Makarawung, Dennis J S; Spit, Silke A; King, John D; Ring, David

    2014-10-01

    To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint arthrosis-related symptoms and disability between patients seeking treatment for symptoms of TMC arthrosis and those with incidental TMC joint arthrosis. We compared 64 patients presenting for care of TMC joint arthrosis with 64 with incidental TMC joint arthrosis. For both groups, the diagnosis was based on crepitation on examination. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed factors associated with symptoms and disability related to TMC joint arthrosis. In bivariate analysis, patients presenting for care of TMC joint arthrosis had significantly more symptoms and disability from TMC joint arthrosis than those with incidental TMC joint arthrosis. The best multivariate linear regression model for fewer TMC joint arthrosis-related symptoms and disability included patients with incidental TMC joint arthrosis, male sex, no other painful conditions, less catastrophic thinking, and fewer depressive symptoms and explained 74% of the variability. Having incidental TMC joint arthrosis (25%) and more adaptive coping strategies (less catastrophic thinking; 5%) were the most important contributors to fewer symptoms and less disability. Future studies are merited to determine whether training in better coping strategies (eg, less catastrophic thinking and fewer depressive symptoms) can decrease symptoms and disability in patients with TMC joint arthrosis. Prognostic III. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Incidental copy-number variants identified by routine genome testing in a clinical population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boone, Philip M.; Soens, Zachry T.; Campbell, Ian M.; Stankiewicz, Pawel; Cheung, Sau Wai; Patel, Ankita; Beaudet, Arthur L.; Plon, Sharon E.; Shaw, Chad A.; McGuire, Amy L.; Lupski, James R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Mutational load of susceptibility variants has not been studied on a genomic scale in a clinical population, nor has the potential to identify these mutations as incidental findings during clinical testing been systematically ascertained. Methods Array comparative genomic hybridization, a method for genome-wide detection of DNA copy-number variants, was performed clinically on DNA from 9,005 individuals. Copy-number variants encompassing or disrupting single genes were identified and analyzed for their potential to confer predisposition to dominant, adult-onset disease. Multigene copy-number variants affecting dominant, adult-onset cancer syndrome genes were also assessed. Results In our cohort, 83 single-gene copy-number variants affected 40 unique genes associated with dominant, adult-onset disorders and unrelated to the patients’ referring diagnoses (i.e., incidental) were found. Fourteen of these copy-number variants are likely disease-predisposing, 25 are likely benign, and 44 are of unknown clinical consequence. When incidental copy-number variants spanning up to 20 genes were considered, 27 copy-number variants affected 17 unique genes associated with dominant, adult-onset cancer predisposition. Conclusion Copy-number variants potentially conferring susceptibility to adult-onset disease can be identified as incidental findings during routine genome-wide testing. Some of these mutations may be medically actionable, enabling disease surveillance or prevention; however, most incidentally observed single-gene copy-number variants are currently of unclear significance to the patient. PMID:22878507