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Sample records for female canine urinary

  1. Female urinary incontinence and sexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Renato Lains

    2017-01-01

    Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women and it is estimated that between 15 and 55% of them complain of lower urinary symptoms. The most prevalent form of urinary incontinence is associated with stress, followed by mixed urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence. It is a symptom with several effects on quality of life of women mainly in their social, familiar and sexual domains. Female reproductive and urinary systems share anatomical structures, which promotes that urinary problems interfere with sexual function in females. This article is a review of both the concepts of female urinary incontinence and its impact on global and sexual quality of life. Nowadays, it is assumed that urinary incontinence, especially urge urinary incontinence, promotes anxiety and several self-esteem damages in women. The odour and the fear of incontinence during sexual intercourse affect female sexual function and this is related with the unpredictability and the chronicity of incontinence, namely urge urinary incontinence. Female urinary incontinence management involves conservative (pelvic floor muscle training), surgical and pharmacological treatment. Both conservative and surgical treatments have been studied about its benefit in urinary incontinence and also the impact among female sexual function. Unfortunately, there are sparse articles that evaluate the benefits of female sexual function with drug management of incontinence.

  2. Female urinary incontinence and sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Renato Lains

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women and it is estimated that between 15 and 55% of them complain of lower urinary symptoms. The most prevalent form of urinary incontinence is associated with stress, followed by mixed urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence. It is a symptom with several effects on quality of life of women mainly in their social, familiar and sexual domains. Female reproductive and urinary systems share anatomical structures, which promotes that urinary problems interfere with sexual function in females. This article is a review of both the concepts of female urinary incontinence and its impact on global and sexual quality of life. Nowadays, it is assumed that urinary incontinence, especially urge urinary incontinence, promotes anxiety and several self-esteem damages in women. The odour and the fear of incontinence during sexual intercourse affect female sexual function and this is related with the unpredictability and the chronicity of incontinence, namely urge urinary incontinence. Female urinary incontinence management involves conservative (pelvic floor muscle training), surgical and pharmacological treatment. Both conservative and surgical treatments have been studied about its benefit in urinary incontinence and also the impact among female sexual function. Unfortunately, there are sparse articles that evaluate the benefits of female sexual function with drug management of incontinence. PMID:28124522

  3. Leishmania (infantum chagasi in canine urinary sediment

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    Ivete Lopes de Mendonça

    Full Text Available Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL is difficult to diagnosis, mainly due to the presence of asymptomatic animals, the diversity of clinical symptoms and the difficulty in obtaining diagnostic evidence of high sensitivity and specificity. The purpose of this study was to diagnose CVL in urinary sediment of 70 dogs of different breeds, sexes and ages from the veterinary hospital of the Federal University of Piauí and Zoonosis Control Center of Teresina, Brazil. The serological tests were TR DPP® for CVL and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA for CVL, parasitological exams of bone marrow and lymph nodes and urine sediment cultures. Leishmania was detected in the bone marrow and/or lymph node of 61.0% of the animals (43/70, and urine sediment culture was positive in 9.30% (4/43 of these animals. In the serological exams, 70.0% (49/70 were reactive using the DPP and 78.2% (55/70 were reactive using ELISA. The goal of this study was to diagnose the presence of L. (infantum chagasi in a culture of urinary sediment.

  4. The female urinary microbiota, urinary health and common urinary disorders

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    Wolfe, Alan J.

    2017-01-01

    This review provides the clinical context and updated information regarding the female urinary microbiota (FUM), a resident microbial community within the female bladder of many adult women. Microbial communities have variability and distinct characteristics in health, as well as during community disruption (dysbiosis). Information concerning characteristics of the FUM in health and disease is emerging. Sufficient data confirms that the microbes that compose the FUM are not contaminants and are cultivatable under appropriate conditions. Common clinical conditions, including urinary tract infection (UTI) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), a common form of urinary incontinence (UI), may be usefully reconsidered to determine the role of the FUM. Knowledge of FUM characteristics may help advance prevention, diagnosis and treatment of these conditions and other common lower urinary disorders in women. The FUM appears related to UTI and UUI in adult women. The specific role of the FUM remains to be clarified and requires significant additional work in describing FUM variability and resilience in health. Unique aspects of the FUM prompt re-evaluation of existing nomenclature to more appropriately define health and disease; the concept of dysbiosis may be useful for understanding the interaction of the FUM with other aspects of lower urinary tract physiology, including urothelial signaling. Clinicians, through their clinical laboratories, can adopt enhanced urine culture techniques that more fully describe the living microbes within the FUM. This additional information may provide clinicians and their patients an opportunity to impact clinical care without antibiotic use, if the FUM can be appropriately modified to improve treatment precision for UTI and UUI. PMID:28217699

  5. Obesity and female stress urinary incontinence.

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    Osborn, David James; Strain, Matthew; Gomelsky, Alex; Rothschild, Jennifer; Dmochowski, Roger

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this article was to review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options for stress urinary incontinence in the obese female patient and draw conclusions regarding the optimal treatment of this condition in this unique patient population. Obesity results in increased intra-abdominal pressure and this leads to weakening of the pelvic floor innervation and musculature. Weight loss through lifestyle modification and bariatric surgery improves stress urinary incontinence. Success of stress urinary incontinence surgery in obese women is similar to nonobese patients. Obese women should not be excluded from potentially curative surgery based on their body mass index (BMI) alone.

  6. Diagnostic performance of the urinary canine calgranulins in dogs with lower urinary or urogenital tract carcinoma.

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    Heilmann, Romy M; McNiel, Elizabeth A; Grützner, Niels; Lanerie, David J; Suchodolski, Jan S; Steiner, Jörg M

    2017-04-21

    Onset of canine transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and prostatic carcinoma (PCA) is usually insidious with dogs presenting at an advanced stage of the disease. A biomarker that can facilitate early detection of TCC/PCA and improve patient survival would be useful. S100A8/A9 (calgranulin A/B or calprotectin) and S100A12 (calgranulin C) are expressed by cells of the innate immune system and are associated with several inflammatory disorders. S100A8/A9 is also expressed by epithelial cells after malignant transformation and is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and metastasis. S100A8/A9 is up-regulated in human PCA and TCC, whereas the results for S100A12 have been ambiguous. Also, the urine S100A8/A9-to-S100A12 ratio (uCalR) may have potential as a marker for canine TCC/PCA. Aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the urinary S100/calgranulins to detect TCC/PCA in dogs by using data and urine samples from 164 dogs with TCC/PCA, non-neoplastic urinary tract disease, other neoplasms, or urinary tract infections, and 75 healthy controls (nested case-control study). Urine S100A8/A9 and S100A12 (measured by species-specific radioimmunoassays and normalized against urine specific gravity [S100A8/A9USG; S100A12USG], urine creatinine concentration, and urine protein concentration and the uCalR were compared among the groups of dogs. S100A8/A9USG had the highest sensitivity (96%) and specificity (66%) to detect TCC/PCA, with specificity reaching 75% after excluding dogs with a urinary tract infection. The uCalR best distinguished dogs with TCC/PCA from dogs with a urinary tract infection (sensitivity: 91%, specificity: 60%). Using a S100A8/A9USG ≥ 109.9 to screen dogs ≥6 years of age for TCC/PCA yielded a negative predictive value of 100%. S100A8/A9USG and uCalR may have utility for diagnosing TCC/PCA in dogs, and S100A8/A9USG may be a good screening test for canine TCC/PCA.

  7. [Conservative treatment of female urinary incontinence].

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    Kerdraon, Jacques; Denys, Pierre; Amarenco, Gérard

    2011-09-01

    Female urinary incontinence can be improved by nonsurgical pharmacologic as well as non-pharmacologic treatments. Hygiene and dietary rules apply to all forms of incontinence. If overweight, weight loss improves stress urinary incontinence. There are levels of evidence to show that pelvic floor muscle training and behavioral therapy improve incontinence. Duloxetine is better than placebo for improvement of quality of life and for the impression of an improvement, but its place is still not determined in the algorithm of conservative treatments. The effects of vaginal electrostimulation and oestrogen are inconsistent or inhomogeneous. In case of urgency incontinence, anticholinergics remain the first line treatment and the place of stimulation of posterieur tibial nerve is still to be defined.

  8. Canine tip wear in male and female anthropoids.

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    Greenfield, L O

    1998-09-01

    One component of the "dual selection hypothesis" (Greenfield [1992a] Year. Phys. Anthropol. 35:153-185) is that the tips of female canines are commonly blunted and more frequently so than those of conspecific males. Data derived from two randomly selected age-graded samples of Macaca fascicularis (n = 70) and Colobus badius (n = 59) show that at least 80% of the females exhibit tip blunting on one or both canines and that frequencies of blunting are far greater than those of conspecific males in both jaws. Sexual dimorphism in mandibular canine morphology and wear and other recently critiqued aspects of the "dual selection hypothesis" (Plavcan and Kelley [1996] Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 99:379-387.) are also discussed.

  9. Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the canine lower urinary tract with regard to the effects of gonadal status and gender.

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    Ponglowhapan, S; Church, D B; Khalid, M

    2009-05-01

    As pituitary gonadotrophins can induce prostaglandin (PG) synthesis and receptors for LH and FSH are present in the canine lower urinary tract (LUT), the objectives of this study were to (i) investigate the expression of COX-2, a key rate-limiting enzyme in PG production, in the canine LUT and (ii) determine if COX-2 expression differs between gender, gonadal status (intact and gonadectomised) and LUT regions. Four regions (body and neck of the bladder as well as proximal and distal urethra) of the LUT were obtained from 20 clinically healthy dogs (5 intact males, 5 intact anoestrous females, 4 castrated males, 6 spayed females). In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were performed to determine the presence of COX-2 mRNA and protein, respectively. The mRNA and protein expression was semi-quantitatively assessed. The scoring system combined both the distribution and intensity of positive staining and was carried out separately on the three tissue layers (epithelium, sub-epithelial stroma and muscle) for each of four regions of the LUT. In comparison to intact dogs, lower expression (Pcanine LUT and COX-2-regulated PG synthesis in the canine LUT may differ between gonadal statuses and genders. The lower expression of COX-2 in gonadectomised dogs may impair normal function of the LUT and probably implicated in the development of neutering-induced urinary incontinence in the dog.

  10. Introital ultrasonography in female urinary incontinence

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    Weon, Young Cheol; Cho, Kyoung Sik; Lee, Jin Seong; Choi, Sang Hee; Kim, Keon Seok; Choo, Myung Soo [Ulsan Univ. Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-06-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of introital ultrasonography in the assessment of female urinary incontinence. Introital ultrasonography was performed in fifteen with stress urinary incontinence(mean age 50) and six patients without symptoms of incontinence(mean age 37). Using a sagittal section of the anterior pelvis in the plane of the symphysis pubis the posterior urethrovesical angle, the pubourethral distance and the pubo-yregrak abgle were measured at rest and during stress(Valsalva's maneuver state). The student T-test and the ANOVA test were used in statistical analysis. The posterior urethrovesical angles of the controls were 125.3 deg ({+-}10.9) at rest and 125.7 deg ({+-}7.6) during stress. In the patients, the corresponding angles were 135.3 deg ({+-}11.3) and 139.6 deg({+-}10.8). The posterior urethrovesical angles increased 0.3 deg ({+-}4.7) in the controls and 5.6 deg ({+-}4.0) in the patients(p=0.018). In the controls, the pubo-urethral distances were 21.8 mm({+-}5.8) at rest and 18.2 mm({+-}7.1) during stress, while in the patients these distances were 18.4 mm({+-}3.9) and 12.6 mm({+-}4.4). The pubo-urethral distance decreased 3.5 mm ({+-}1.5) in the controls and 5.8 mm ({+-}2.3) in the patients(p=0.039). In the patients with mild incontinence(Grade I), the posterior urethrovesical angles increased 3.4 deg ({+-}2.8) : 132.3 deg ({+-}12.5) at rest and 135.6 deg (12.8) during stress. In the patients with moderate incontinence(Grade II), the angles increased 8.1 deg({+-}3.8) : 136.0 deg({+-}6.5) at rest and 144.1 deg({+-}5.9) during stress. The change of the posterior urethrovesical angle was related to the grade of urinary incontinence in the patients(p<0.05). There was no statistical significancy in the pubo-urethral angle (p=0.315). Introital ultrasonography may be useful for assessment of stress urinary incontinence.

  11. Utility of urinary markers in the assessment of renal dysfunction in canine babesiosis.

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    Winiarczyk, Dagmara; Adaszek, Łukasz; Bartnicki, Michał; Abramowicz, Beata; Łyp, Paweł; Madany, Jacek; Winiarczyk, Stanisław

    2017-04-19

    Canine babesiosis is a common and clinically significant tick-borne disease caused by haemoprotozoan parasites of the genus Babesia. Acute renal failure is considered to be one of the most prevalent complications of canine babesiosis. This complication leads to a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate and in consequence causes azotemia and uremia. The objective of this study was to assess the localization and extent of renal damage in dogs infected with Babesia canis using an urinary marker for glomerular (urinary immunoglobulin G, uIgG), proximal tubular dysfunction (urinary retinol binding protein, uRBP) and distal tubular dysfunction (urinary Tamm-Horsfal protein, uTHP). Material und methods: In 10 dogs naturally infected with B. canis and 10 healthy control dogs the levels of urinary biomarkers were measured using commercially available ELISA tests. Higher concentrations of uIgG, uRBP and uTHP were found in the urine of all dogs with babesiosis than in those from the control group. This indicates that in the course of the disease, the glomeruli as well as the renal tubules become damaged. The study results allow a better understanding of the pathogenesis of canine babesiosis. However, in order to fully determine the extent and the nature of the damage to the kidneys of the infected dogs, it is advisable to conduct additional histopathological examinations of these organs.

  12. Adult female urinary incontinence and childhood bedwetting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foldspang, Anders; Mommsen, S.

    1994-01-01

    A cross-sectional random population sample of women 30 to 59 years old was sent a questionnaire on urinary incontinence and, among other things, childhood bedwetting. Among 2,613 responders 17.0% reported prevalent urinary incontinence (14.7% stress provoked, 8.3% associated with urge, 6.8% stress...... and urge overlap, 2.2% occurring especially during sleep and 3.9% occurring especially when anxious), and 6.5% reported childhood bedwetting after age 5 years and 3.3% after age 10 years. Childhood bedwetting was associated with prevalent urge urinary incontinence (p incontinence occurring...... during sleep (p urinary incontinence occurring in situations of anxiety (p

  13. Effect of shock wave reapplication on urinary n-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase in canine kidney

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    Marco A.Q.R. Fortes

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Renal tubular damage can be assessed with the aid of urinary dosing of N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG and it is possible to demonstrate a significant correlation between shock wave and damage to renal parenchyma. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of shock wave reapplication over urinary NAG in canine kidney. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors submitted 10 crossbred dogs to 2 applications of 2000 shock waves in a 24-hour interval in order to assess urinary NAG values after 12, 24, 36 and 48 hours. RESULTS: Twelve hours following the first shockwave application there was an increase in NAG of 6.47 ± 5.44 u/g creatinine (p 0.05. CONCLUSION: Shock wave reapplication with a 24-hour interval did not cause any increase in urinary NAG.

  14. Elemental Content of Calcium Oxalate Stones from a Canine Model of Urinary Stone Disease.

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    David W Killilea

    Full Text Available One of the most common types of urinary stones formed in humans and some other mammals is composed of calcium oxalate in ordered hydrated crystals. Many studies have reported a range of metals other than calcium in human stones, but few have looked at stones from animal models such as the dog. Therefore, we determined the elemental profile of canine calcium oxalate urinary stones and compared it to reported values from human stones. The content of 19 elements spanning 7-orders of magnitude was quantified in calcium oxalate stones from 53 dogs. The elemental profile of the canine stones was highly overlapping with human stones, indicating similar inorganic composition. Correlation and cluster analysis was then performed on the elemental profile from canine stones to evaluate associations between the elements and test for potential subgrouping based on elemental content. No correlations were observed with the most abundant metal calcium. However, magnesium and sulfur content correlated with the mineral hydration form, while phosphorous and zinc content correlated with the neuter status of the dog. Inter-elemental correlation analysis indicated strong associations between barium, phosphorous, and zinc content. Additionally, cluster analysis revealed subgroups within the stones that were also based primarily on barium, phosphorous, and zinc. These data support the use of the dog as a model to study the effects of trace metal homeostasis in urinary stone disease.

  15. Cystitis as a correlate of female urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mommsen, S.; Foldspang, Anders; Elving, Lisbeth Bach

    1994-01-01

    The objectives of the research were to study the association between prevalent urge and stress urinary incontinence (UI) and a history of cystitis in adult females. A cross-section of the adult female population, aged 30–59 years, in the Municipality of Aarhus, Denmark, was studied, using self-re...

  16. Assessment of renal dysfunction using urinary markers in canine babesiosis caused by Babesia rossi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defauw, P; Schoeman, J P; Smets, P; Goddard, A; Meyer, E; Liebenberg, C; Daminet, S

    2012-12-21

    Renal damage is deemed a common, yet poorly documented, complication in canine babesiosis. Serum urea and creatinine are insensitive and non-specific markers of early renal dysfunction and their measurements are influenced by hemolysis caused by babesiosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to use urinary markers to assess the localization and degree of renal dysfunction in dogs with Babesia rossi infection. Urinary immunoglobulin G (uIgG) and urinary C-reactive protein (uCRP) were measured as markers for glomerular dysfunction, while urinary retinol-binding protein (uRBP) was used as a marker for tubular dysfunction. Eighteen dogs presenting with uncomplicated babesiosis were included and compared with eight clinically healthy dogs. Previously validated commercial ELISA kits were used for the measurement of uIgG, uCRP, and uRBP. Results were related to urinary creatinine concentrations (c). Dogs with babesiosis had significantly higher concentrations of all three measured urinary markers compared to healthy dogs. Except for urinary protein/c ratio (UPC), routine urinary and serum markers for renal function (urine specific gravity (USG), serum urea and creatinine (sCr)) were not significantly different between dogs with babesiosis and healthy dogs. All three urinary markers were positively correlated with each other and with UPC. The data supports the presence of both glomerular and tubular dysfunction in dogs suffering from uncomplicated B. rossi infection. Urinary markers were superior to USG, serum urea and creatinine concentrations for the early detection of renal dysfunction in dogs with babesiosis.

  17. Recurrent urinary tract infections in females.

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    Mohsin, Raheela; Siddiqui, Khurram Mutahir

    2010-01-01

    Uncomplicated Urinary tract infections are common in adult women across the entire age spectrum, with mean annual incidence of 15% and 10% in those aged 15-39 and 40-79 years, respectively. Urinary tract infection (UTI), with its diverse clinical syndromes and affected host groups, remains one of the most common but widejly misunderstood and challenging infectious diseases encountered in clinical practice. Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) present a significant problem for women and a challenge for the doctors who care for them. The diagnosis of uncomplicated UTI can be achieved best by a thorough assessment of patient symptoms with or without the addition of a urine dipstick test. Treatment should be based on the most recent guidelines, taking into account resistance patterns in the local community. The patient who suffers from recurrent UTIs can be treated safely and effectively with continuous antibiotic prophylaxis, post-coital therapy, or self-initiated treatment. This review article covers the latest trends in the management of recurrent UTI among women. Further research is needed regarding rapid diagnosis of UTI, accurate presumptive identification of patients with resistant pathogens, and development of new antimicrobials for drug-resistant UTI.

  18. Female urethral diverticulum associated with a large urinary calculus

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    Alexandre Oliveira Rodrigues

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The diverticula of female urethra are very uncommon, but more frequently found between the third and fifth decade of life. Diverticula area mostly relate to repeated urinary infections of the periurethral glands or urethra’s trauma. The diverticula may cause infection, calculus formation and rarely endometriosis or cancer. A case of a 65-year old Caucasian female with vaginal mass over six months is herein reported. There was no urinary loss, urethral secretion or urinary symptoms.    A cystourethrography showed diverticula with calculus inside. The patient was submitted to surgery and dismissed from the hospital on the first postoperative day. The pathologic examination revealed no malignancy. In six months of follow-up, the patient was continent with no complaints.

  19. [How Does Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Affekt Female Sexuality?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anding, R; Kirschner-Hermanns, R; Rantell, A; Wiedemann, A

    2016-08-01

    With increasing age many women suffer from lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and female sexual dysfunction. An increasing body of evidence supports an association between the 2 conditions. Especially women with urodynamically proved detrusor hyperactivity suffer from sexual dysfunction and there is some evidence that in patients with stress incontinence sexual health improves after successful surgery.

  20. Predictors of urinary cadmium levels in adult females

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McElroy, Jane A. [University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, 610 Walnut Street, 370 WARF, Madison, WI 53726 (United States)]. E-mail: jamcelroy@wisc.edu; Shafer, Martin M. [University of Wisconsin, Environmental Chemistry and Technology Program, 600 N Park Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Hampton, John M. [University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, 610 Walnut Street, 370 WARF, Madison, WI 53726 (United States); Newcomb, Polly A. [University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, 610 Walnut Street, 370 WARF, Madison, WI 53726 (United States); Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Cancer Prevention Program, 1100 Fairview Ave N, M4-B402 PO Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109 (United States)

    2007-09-01

    Ubiquitous exposure to low levels of cadmium has raised concern about adverse health effects. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of non-occupationally exposed adult females that correlated with creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium levels. In our population-based study, trained interviewers collected information from 254 female Wisconsin residents aged 20-69 years on tobacco use, limited dietary consumption patterns, reproductive history, demographics, and residential history. Participants provided spot-urine specimens collected at home. Urine cadmium concentrations were quantified using inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry and creatinine levels were also determined. Least square means and 95% confidence intervals for the natural log of the creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium levels were calculated for each characteristic using multivariate analysis of variance adjusting for age and smoking status. Results were calculated on the log scale and then transformed to the original scale by taking the exponent of each of the values. We observed statistically significant increasing creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium mean levels relative to smoking status, older age, parity, lower body surface area, mineral zinc supplement consumption, and high income. We did not observe a difference relative to consumption of organ meats, crustaceans, alcohol, multivitamins, multiminerals or homegrown vegetables, age of menopause, menarche of participant or oldest daughter, menopausal status or urban-rural residential location. Approximately 40% of the variance in creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium levels in adult women was explained by several characteristics. Similar to other studies, age and smoking were the strongest determinants of creatinine-adjusted urinary cadmium concentration.

  1. [Conservative therapy of female urinary incontinence--potential and effect].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horcicka, L; Chmel, R; Novácková, M

    2005-01-01

    Non-surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence is not as effective as surgical methods but it is very successful in indicated cases. Rehabilitation of the pelvic floor muscles (Kegel exercises, vaginal cones, and electrostimulation of the pelvic floor muscles), drug treatment (alfa-mimetics, tricyclic antidepressives, estrogens, duloxetin), pessarotherapy and uretral obturator devices represent possibilities of conservative therapy of the stress incontinence. Conservative therapy is the method of choice in the treatment of urge incontinence. The most successful are anticholinergic drugs but they have very frequent serious side effects (dryness of the mucous membranes, accommodation disorders, constipation). Spasmolytics, estrogens and tricyclic antidepressives are the other popular used drugs. Life style modification, bladder training and electrostimulation represent very important parts of the conservative treatment. Effectiveness of the non-surgical treatment of both urge and stress urinary incontinence can not reach 100 percent but it helps very much in the quality of life improvement of incontinent women.

  2. [Update on current care guidelines: urinary incontinence (female)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Female urinary incontinence (UI) is divided into stress (SUI), urgency (UUI), mixed (MUI) and overflow incontinence (chronic retention). Advanced age, obesity and pregnancy are the most important risk factors. Standardised questionnaires are used in diagnosis. The pad test, cough stress test and bladder diary are objective tools. A gynaecological examination includes pelvic floor muscle palpation and residual urine measurement. Urodynamics, cystoscopy and ultrasonography are complementary tools. Guided pelvic floor-muscle training is the first-line therapy. UUI can be treated with anticholinergic medicines. If conservative treatments are ineffective, SUI and MUI can be treated surgically with mid-urethral slings (TVT TOT and TVT-0).

  3. Expression of prostaglandin E₂ receptor subtypes in the canine lower urinary tract varies according to the gonadal status and gender.

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    Ponglowhapan, S; Church, D B; Khalid, M

    2010-11-01

    Locally-synthesised prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) is pivotal for the function of the lower urinary tract (LUT). This study aimed at investigating the expression and distribution pattern of the four PGE₂ receptor (EP) subtypes in the LUT of intact and gonadectomised male and female dogs. Expression for EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4 and their mRNA (EP2, EP3, and EP4) was investigated. Twenty clinically healthy dogs were allotted into 4 groups based on their gonadal status and gender including 5 intact males, 5 anoestrous females, 4 castrated males, and 6 spayed females. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry showed variation in the expression of mRNA and protein for the EP subtypes among tissue layers (epithelium, sub-epithelial stroma, and muscle), regions (body and neck of the bladder as well as proximal and distal urethra) and between gonadal statuses and genders. The expression for the four EPs was intense in the luminal epithelium, intermediate to low in the muscle and the sub-epithelial stroma regardless of gonadal status or gender. Higher expression of all EPs and their mRNAs was observed in the proximal urethra compared to other regions in intact dogs. However, in gonadectomised dogs, the expression did not differ among different regions and was generally lower than in intact dogs particularly in the proximal urethra. Differences in the expression between genders were found and depended on EP subtypes. In conclusion, the results have shown that four subtypes of EP receptors and their mRNAs are present in the canine LUT and their expression was affected by the gonadal status and the gender. The results lead to suggest that an impaired LUT function post-neutering may partly be associated with differences in PGE₂ receptor expression between intact and gonadectomised dogs. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Measurement of lower canine clinical crown index in male and female for gender identification

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    Rita Dewi Handayani

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to acquire the value index of clinical crown lower jaw canine male and female, and to prove whether the index of male's canine is bigger than female's. The samples of the research was the students of Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran class of 1998 until 2001 by using proportional random sampling method according to the criteria and also adjust with the numbers of male and female composition in per class. The characteristic of the research was analytical descriptive with survey technique. The result of t test statistic measurement was that index of clinical crown tower jaw canine of mate was 1.50 and female was 1.21, by using reliance 95%. The inference of the research showed that the index of clinical crown lower jaw canine of male was significantly bigger than female's. The result of the research can be used as auxiliary data from the techniques to process gender identification in odontology forensic.

  5. Body mass index and adult female urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mommsen, Søren; Foldspang, Anders

    1994-01-01

    rate of response was 85%, and the present analysis comprises 2,589 women who supplied information about their body weight and height. The period prevalence of all UI, stress UI, urge UI, and mixed stress and urge UI was 17%, 15%, 9%, and 7%, respectively. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 22.7 kg/m2......The aim of the present investigation was to study the possible role of obesity in the etiology of adult female urinary incontinence (UI). A random population sample of 3,114 women aged 30–59 years were mailed a questionnaire concerning UI and, among other things, body weight and height. The overall....... Irrespective of other risk indicators, BMI was positively associated with UI prevalence (OR, 1.07/BMI unit; PBMI interacted with childbirth in predicting stress UI prevalence, with cystitis in predicting urge UI, and with both in predicting mixed UI. Stress UI proved to be the UI type most closely...

  6. Urinary Incontinence in Juvenile Female Soft-Coated Wheaten Terriers: Hospital Prevalence and Anatomic Urogenital Anomalies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callard, Jason; McLoughlin, Mary A; Byron, Julie K; Chew, Dennis J

    2016-01-01

    Urinary incontinence in juvenile female dogs is often associated with urogenital anatomic anomalies. Study objectives include: (1) determine hospital prevalence of urinary incontinence in juvenile female soft-coated wheaten terriers (SCWTs) compared to other affected dogs; (2) characterize anatomic anomalies affecting urinary incontinent juvenile female SCWTs utilizing uroendoscopy; and (3) compare incidence of ectopic ureters, paramesonephric remnants, and short urethras in juvenile female urinary incontinent SCWTs to other juvenile female dogs with urinary incontinence. We hypothesize juvenile SCWTs have an increased prevalence of urinary incontinence and an increased incidence of ectopic ureters, paramesonephric remnants, and short urethras compared to non-SCWTs with urinary incontinence within our hospital population. Medical records of female dogs 6 mo of age and younger with clinical signs of urinary incontinence and video uroendoscopic evaluation presenting to The Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center from January 2000 to December 2011 were reviewed. Twelve juvenile SCWTs and 107 juvenile non-SCWTs met the inclusion criteria. Juvenile SCWTs were found to have an increased hospital prevalence of urinary incontinence compared to other affected breeds. Observed anomalies in SCWTs include: ectopic ureters, shortened urethras, paramesonephric remnants, and bifid vaginas. This information will help guide veterinarians in recognizing a breed-related disorder of the lower urogenital tract in SCWTs.

  7. The Effect of Pelvic Muscle Exercises on Urinary Incontinency and Self-Esteem of Elderly Females With Stress Urinary Incontinency, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Jahromi, Marzieh Kargar; Talebizadeh, Malihe; Mirzaei, Maryam

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Millions of women are afflicted with stress urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is mentioned as one of the geriatric syndromes, together with pressure ulcers, functional decline, falls, and low self-esteem. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pelvic muscle exercises on urinary incontinency and self- esteem of elderly females with stress urinary incontinency in Shiraz, Iran, 2013. Material and Method: In this interventional study, 50 old females age...

  8. Female urinary stress incontinence treated with Teflon injections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osther, P J; Røhl, H

    1987-01-01

    Twenty-six women with urinary stress incontinence underwent transperineal or transurethral Teflon injections. The results were classified into three grades (good, moderate, and poor). Good or moderate results were obtained in 50%. No major immediate complications or long-term side-effects were...... for urinary incontinence should this prove necessary....

  9. Towards patient centered care in female stress urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Labrie, J.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focussed on the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. It comprises the results of the PORTRET study (Physiotherapy OR Tvt Effectiveness Trial). Currently, pelvic floor muscle training is advised as initial treatment for all women with stress urinary incontinence. We question

  10. [Rehabilitation of female urinary incontinence. Techniques and indications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devillers, P; Mauroy, B

    1997-09-01

    Female uro-gynaecological retraining was initially confined to prophylactic management during the post-partum period. It has gradually been extended to other diseases, either alone or as a complement to medical or surgical treatment. The results of clinical examination and complementary investigations, especially urodynamic studies, now allow the application of increasingly precise retraining techniques. This progress essentially concerns the three types of technique most frequently used: Manual retraining concerns the bulbospongiosus muscles, as well as the levator ani muscles. Biofeedback is increasingly used to qualitatively improve muscle contraction. Electrostimulation can promote the action of various groups of tonic or phasic muscle fibres. Apart from these endocavitary techniques, retraining is also evolving towards a global management of the abdominopelvic sphere., where it is indicated in the management of the post-partum period and various gynaecological and urinary diseases. However, concomitant diseases such as perineo-abdominodiaphragmatic imbalance, an anorectal problem, a sexual problem or finally painful symptoms, must also be taken into account in some cases. Retraining must be very precisely prescribed, confirming application of all of these techniques and adapting them to the national health refund classification. The number of sessions varies according to the disease, but rarely exceeds 30 sessions in the initial prescription. On the other hand, like any muscle system, the pelvic floor must be maintained by means of several sessions per year. The success of this retraining treatment essentially depends on several factors: the quality of the therapist, his training, his spirit of integration in a multidisciplinary team, but also the patient's motivation.

  11. A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Military Women in the Deployed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    COVERED (From - To) 1 July 2012 -31 May 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER N/A A Female Urinary Diversion Device... Freedom (OEF) were recruited from an SRC. They were randomly assigned to the IG (n = 61) or CG (n = 33). Of the 61 military women randomized to... Contract : 10245 - A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Militar Award Amount: 188,269.00 Total Estimated: 188,269.00 Total Funded: 188,269.00 Category

  12. Female stress and urge incontinence in family practice: insight into the lower urinary tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viktrup, L

    2002-11-01

    As many as 25% of all women are affected by urinary incontinence, but only a few are treated. This frequent, often medically unrecognised, condition occurs in women of all ages. The continence mechanism is based on bladder detrusor control, intact anatomical structures in and around the urethra, correct positioning of the bladder neck and a comprehensive innervation of the lower urinary tract. Age and childbearing are established risk factors for the development of urinary incontinence, but other factors are currently suggested. The evaluation of urinary incontinence should include history, gynaecological examination, urine test, frequency-volume diary and a pad-weighing test. Female urinary incontinence can be treated in general practice by simple means, e.g. pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, electrostimulation, drug therapy, or a combination of these approaches. This review updates the knowledge of the continence mechanism and summarises the epidemiology, risk factors, assessment and treatment of urinary incontinence in general practice.

  13. Incontinence medication response relates to the female urinary microbiota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas-White, Krystal J; Hilt, Evann E; Fok, Cynthia; Pearce, Meghan M; Mueller, Elizabeth R; Kliethermes, Stephanie; Jacobs, Kristin; Zilliox, Michael J; Brincat, Cynthia; Price, Travis K; Kuffel, Gina; Schreckenberger, Paul; Gai, Xiaowu; Brubaker, Linda; Wolfe, Alan J

    2016-05-01

    Many adult women have resident urinary bacteria (urinary microbiome/microbiota). In adult women affected by urinary urgency incontinence (UUI), the etiologic and/or therapeutic role of the urinary microbiome/microbiota remains unknown. We hypothesized that microbiome/microbiota characteristics would relate to clinically relevant treatment response to UUI medication per os. Adult women initiating medication treatment orally for UUI and a comparator group of unaffected women were recruited in a tertiary care health-care system. All participants provided baseline clinical data and urine samples. Women with UUI were given 5 mg solifenacin, with potential dose escalation to 10 mg for inadequate UUI symptom control at 4 weeks. Additional data and urine samples were collected from women with UUI at 4 and 12 weeks. The samples were assessed using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing and enhanced quantitative urine culturing. The primary outcome was treatment response as measured by the validated Patient Global Symptom Control (PGSC) questionnaire. Clinically relevant UUI symptom control was defined as a 4 or 5 score on the PGSC. Diversity and composition of the urinary microbiome/microbiota of women with and without UUI differed at baseline. Women with UUI had more bacteria and a more diverse microbiome/microbiota. The clinical response to solifenacin in UUI participants was related to baseline microbiome/microbiota, with responders more likely to have fewer bacteria and a less diverse community at baseline. Nonresponders had a more diverse community that often included bacteria not typically found in responders. Knowledge of an individual's urinary microbiome/microbiota may help refine UUI treatment. Complementary tools, DNA sequencing, and expanded urine culture provide information about bacteria that appear to be related to UUI incontinence status and treatment response in this population of adult women.

  14. Development of a urinary lithiasis localizer mechanism to couple ultrasound and extracorporeal lithotripsy equipment in canine model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Andrade

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Due to the evolution of extracorporeal lithotripsy equipment (ESWL and presently, the fact that most part of the equipment does not present ultrasound to localize urinary calculi, a system that allows adapting ultrasound equipment to ESWL equipment was developed, disposing only of fluoroscopy. Thus, this equipment was developed and was tested in urinary stones in canine models, to check its precision in relation to fluoroscopy. METHOD: Seven male dogs were utilized with the introduction, in the bladder through the ureteral route, of chalkstones, with initial localization by fluoroscopy, with a further ultrasound coincidence check localization of the vesical stones, being submitted to ESWL with a 3-hour, 21 days and 60 days follow-up after the procedure. RESULTS: Success of localization in all animals was verified presenting elimination of stones in the first micturitions, after ESWL. No complications were verified in those animals for 60 days. CONCLUSION: We verified that this equipment can lead to an update of the equipment that use only fluoroscopy, increasing in this way, their technical capacity in the treatment of urinary calculi, mainly in cases of non-radiopaque stones.

  15. New concept for treating female stress urinary incontinence with radiofrequency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lordelo, Patrícia; Vilas Boas, Andrea; Sodré, Danielle; Lemos, Amanda; Tozetto, Sibele; Brasil, Cristina

    2017-06-14

    To evaluate the clinical response and adverse effects of radiofrequency on the urethral meatus in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. This phase one study included ten women with Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI). The evaluation consisted of 1 hour Pad tests to quantify urine loss and to assess the degree of procedure satisfaction by using the Likert scale. To evaluate safety, we observed the number of referred side effects. Average age was 53.10 years±7.08 years. In assessing the final Pad Test, 70% showed a reduction and 30% a worsening of urinary loss. Using the Pad Test one month later, there was a reduction in all patients (p=0.028). The degree of satisfaction was 90% and no side effects have been observed. One patient reported burning sensation. The treatment of SUI with radiofrequency on the urethral meatus has no adverse effects, being a low risk method that reduces urinary loss in women. However, to increase the validity of the study, larger clinical trials are warranted. Copyright® by the International Brazilian Journal of Urology.

  16. A clinical audit of female urinary incontinence at a urogynaecology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The mean (standard deviation (SD)) age was 50.9 (15.2) years; mean (SD) parity 2.8 (1.4) and ... laparotomy and vaginal fistula repairs had success rates of 95%. .... diabetes. Specific investigations and definitive treatment. Table 6 shows that UDS were done in ..... The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract.

  17. A Rare Cause of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections, Female Urethral Diverticulum: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taha Numan Yikilmaz

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A female urethral diverticulum is an uncommon pathologic entity. The most presentation of urethral diverticule has been described as lower urinary tract symptoms and dyspareunia. The case of female is presented, who consult with a vaginal mass and dyspareunia and current literature was reviewed.

  18. Female urethral diverticulum presenting with acute urinary retention: Reporting the largest diverticulum with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manas Ranjan Pradhan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Female urethral diverticulum is a rare entity with diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations. It is a very rare cause of bladder outlet obstruction and should be considered as a differential diagnosis in females presenting with acute urinary retention associated with a vaginal mass. Strong clinical suspicion combined with thorough physical examination and focused radiological investigations are vital for its diagnosis. Herein we report a case of giant urethral diverticulum presenting with acute urinary retention in a young female. It was managed by excision and urethral closure, and is the largest urethral diverticulum reported till date in the literature.

  19. Steroid Tumor Environment in Male and Female Mice Model of Canine and Human Inflammatory Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Caceres

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Canine inflammatory mammary cancer (IMC shares clinical and histopathological characteristics with human inflammatory breast cancer (IBC and has been proposed as a good model for studying the human disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of female and male mice to reproduce IMC and IBC tumors and identify the hormonal tumor environment. To perform the study sixty 6–8-week-old male and female mice were inoculated subcutaneously with a suspension of 106 IPC-366 and SUM149 cells. Tumors and serum were collected and used for hormonal analysis. Results revealed that IPC-366 reproduced tumors in 90% of males inoculated after 2 weeks compared with 100% of females that reproduced tumor at the same time. SUM149 reproduced tumors in 40% of males instead of 80% of females that reproduced tumors after 4 weeks. Both cell lines produce distant metastasis in lungs being higher than the metastatic rates in females. EIA analysis revealed that male tumors had higher T and SO4E1 concentrations compared to female tumors. Serum steroid levels were lower than those found in tumors. In conclusion, IBC and IMC male mouse model is useful as a tool for IBC research and those circulating estrogens and intratumoral hormonal levels are crucial in the development and progression of tumors.

  20. [Prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence in female workers of hotels].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontana, L; Falconi, G; Di Martino, T; Iavicoli, I

    2007-01-01

    The International Continence Society defines urinary incontinence (UI) as "a condition in which involuntary loss of urine is a social or hygienic problem and is objectively demonstrable". There are three different jorms of UI. stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence and mixed incontinence. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of UI in a group of female workers in the hotel sector. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence short form (ICIQ-UI Short Form) was administered to all female workers and data were collected about age, body mass index, number of vaginal and Caesarean delivery. Results showed a prevalence of UI widely bigger in the plans waitress than in video display terminal workers and suggest the hypothesis that manual handling of loads representing a possible occupational risk for UI.

  1. Predictors of female urinary incontinence at midlife and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menezes, M; Pereira, M; Hextall, A

    2010-02-01

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is an important middle age health issue and approximately 20% of women over 40 years of age have problems with continence. Urinary incontinence poses a significant negative impact on social functioning and quality of life to many individuals. It is estimated that around three million people are regularly incontinent in the UK with a prevalence of about 40 per 1000 adults. There are various factors which can cause incontinence such as pregnancy, childbirth, obesity, menopause, or just inherent connective-tissue weakness. All of these factors can cause pathophysiology changes in the muscular and fascial structures of the pelvic floor and lead to pelvic support defects and possibly pelvic floor dysfunction. We aim with this review article to highlight predictors or predisposing factors of incontinence; in order to help clinicians during their decisions and put in place a policy of a preventive strategy to decrease the incontinence rate in the general population.

  2. Urinary γ-hydroxybutyrate concentrations in 1126 female subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brailsford, Alan D; Cowan, David A; Kicman, Andrew T

    2010-11-01

    γ-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its metabolic precursor γ-butyrolactone (GBL) are often implicated in cases of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), although definitive confirmation of GHB/GBL ingestion is complicated by GHB's endogenous nature and rapid elimination following ingestion. Multiple studies have attempted to establish a discriminant limit (generally 10 mg/L) above which urinary GHB concentrations can be considered consistent with GHB/GBL consumption. To supplement the currently available data, a rapid gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the analysis of GHB (following acidic conversion to GBL) and used to analyze urine samples collected from 1126 women (mean = 0.84 mg/L, median = 0.68 mg/L, range = 0.00-5.5 mg/L). GHB concentrations were shown to be independent of urinary pH (within the range 4.6-9.3), age (within the range 18-35 years), body mass index (within the range 13.8-36.3), and race. Adjusting GHB concentrations with respect to urinary specific gravity had little effect on the mean value (0.91 mg/L) and range (0.0-7.76 mg/L), although a statistically significant trend of increasing GHB concentration with specific gravity could be observed. Our results can be taken to offer further support for the 10 mg/L discriminant limit for GHB administration in antemortem urine samples.

  3. Urinary mercury levels in females: influence of skin-lightening creams and dental amalgam fillings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    al-Saleh, I; Shinwari, N

    1997-10-01

    The influence of application of skin-lightening creams and dental amalgam fillings on the urinary mercury (Hg) level was evaluated in 225 females (ages 17 to 58 years) living in Riyadh, capital of Saudi Arabia. The arithmetic mean of the urinary Hg level was 6.96 +/- 20.43 micrograms 1(-1), in the range 0 to 204.8 micrograms 1(-1). The mean urinary Hg level adjusted by creatinine (Cr) was 11.22 +/- 37.23 micrograms g-1 Cr, in the range 0 to 459.37 micrograms g-1. No significant difference in urinary Hg was noted between the females regarding the use of skin-lightening creams. On the other hand, results showed that urinary Hg concentration was influenced by the use and number of dental amalgam fillings. No women were identified with symptoms or signs that could be attributed to Hg intoxication. Urine analyses for creatinine, urea, uric acid, phosphorus, magnesium, glucose and calcium showed significant correlation with urinary Hg. This suggests that chronic exposure to Hg may be associated with a deterioration of renal function.

  4. Occurrence rates and predictors of lower urinary tract symptoms and incontinence in female athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simeone, C; Moroni, A; Pettenò, A; Antonelli, A; Zani, D; Orizio, C; Cosciani Cunico, S

    2010-01-01

    To assess the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incontinence in female athletes and to determine the etiological factors. An anonymous self-questionnaire was collected from 623 casual female athletes aged 18 to 56 years, who were involved in 12 different sports. The surveys were distributed by hand to the athletes, during their sports fitness tests, in a sports center. We investigated the relationship between urinary disorders and factors such as age, body mass index (BMI), parity, duration of physical exercise, and type of sport. The prevalence of LUTS was 54.7%, and 30% for urinary incontinence. Changes in urinary frequency were detected in 91 (14.6%) women. Prevalence of dysuria was 13.3%, urinary straining was present in 173 (27.8%) athletes, whereas urinary urgency had an estimated prevalence of 37.2% with 232 athletes suffering from this disorder. Urgency was very common in volleyball players, as was dysuria among hockey and basketball players, whereas straining mainly affected aerobic participants and cyclists. Long training hours and competitive practices were correlated with the onset of LUTS. High-impact sports were more frequently associated with incontinence, while low-impact sports with LUTS. The sport with the main number of incontinent people was football. Urge incontinence affected a lot of athletes, mainly cyclists and football players. Stress incontinence was more frequent in hockey and volleyball players. LUTS and incontinence are prevalent in female athletes. In many cases, the disorders were present only during sports activities. In this sample, the presence of urinary disorders did not seem to be a barrier during sports or exercise.

  5. A Female Urinary Diversion Device for Military Women in the Deployed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    explore the utility of a female urinary diversion device (FUDD) as a self- care measure for female urination in the deployment environment, and 2...provides scientifically based support for the FUDD’s feasibility for MW in austere settings and clinical support for the FUDD as a self- care measure ...9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) TriService Nursing Research TSNRP Program, 4301 Jones

  6. High Frequency of Staphylococcus Saprophyticus Urinary Tract Infections Among Female Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Denise Swei; Shieh, Huei Hsin; Barreira, Eliane Roseli; Ragazzi, Selma Lopes Betta; Gilio, Alfredo Elias

    2015-09-01

    Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a rarely reported agent of urinary tract infection (UTI) in the pediatric population. In our retrospective 3-year study, S. saprophyticus comprised 24.5% of 106 isolates of UTIs in female adolescents 12-15 years of age who attended an emergency department. Clinicians should be aware of the high prevalence of this etiology when empirically treating UTIs in female adolescents.

  7. Isolation and characterization of an atypical Listeria monocytogenes associated with a canine urinary tract infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Listeria monocytogenes, a well-described cause of encephalitis and abortion in ruminants and of food-borne illness in humans, is rarely associated with disease in companion animals. A case of urinary tract infection associated with an atypical, weakly hemolytic L. monocytogenes strain is described i...

  8. Female Functional Constipation Is Associated with Overactive Bladder Symptoms and Urinary Incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Maeda

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This noninterventional cross-sectional study aims to assess the association between functional constipation (FC and urinary symptoms in female patients with no treatment for urination and defecation. The Rome III criteria for evaluation of defecation, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS for evaluation of urinary symptoms, and clinical features were investigated in 145 female patients. Latent FC and moderate to severe overactive bladder (OAB were defined on the basis of positivity for two or more of the Rome III criteria and an OABSS ≥ 6 with OABSS Q3 ≥ 2, respectively. In 60 latent FC patients, the OABSS was higher (5.0 versus 3.2, p=0.001, and concurrent moderate to severe OAB symptoms and OAB with urinary incontinence were more frequent than those in 85 nonlatent FC patients (33.3 versus 10.6%, p=0.001, and 31.7 versus 7.1%, p<0.001. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that moderate to severe OAB symptoms were a significant associated factor of latent FC (odds ratio (OR = 4.125, p=0.005, while latent FC was the only associated factor of moderate to severe OAB and OAB with urinary incontinence (OR = 4.227, p=0.005 and OR = 4.753, p=0.004. In conclusion, moderate to severe OAB symptoms are correlated with FC. Moreover, FC is related to moderate to severe OAB symptoms and to OAB with urinary incontinence.

  9. Reconsultation and Antimicrobial Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection in Male and Female Patients in General Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tandan, Meera; Duane, Sinead; Cormican, Martin; Murphy, Andrew W.; Vellinga, Akke

    2016-01-01

    Current antimicrobial prescribing guidelines indicate that male and female patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) should be treated with same antimicrobials but for different durations. The aim of this study was to explore the differences in reconsultations and antimicrobial prescribing for UTI for both males and females. A total of 2557 adult suspected UTI patients participating in the Supporting the Improvement and Management of Prescribing for urinary tract infection (SIMPle) study from 30 general practices were analyzed. An antimicrobial was prescribed significantly more often to females (77%) than males (63%). Nitrofurantoin was prescribed more often for females and less often for males (58% vs. 41%), while fluoroquinolones were more often prescribed for males (11% vs. 3%). Overall, reconsultation was 1.4 times higher in females, and if the antimicrobial prescribed was not the recommended first-line (nitrofurantoin), reconsultation after empirical prescribing was significantly higher. However, the reconsultation was similar for males and females if the antimicrobial prescribed was first-line. When a urine culture was obtained, a positive culture was the most important predictor of reconsultation (Odds ratio 1.8 (95% CI 1.3–2.5)). This suggests, when prescribing empirically, that male and female UTI patients should initially be treated with first-line antimicrobials (nitrofurantoin) with different durations (50–100 mg four times daily for three days in females and seven days for males). However, the consideration of a culture test before prescribing antimicrobials may improve outcomes. PMID:27649253

  10. Lifetime physical activity and female stress urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nygaard, Ingrid E; Shaw, Janet M; Bardsley, Tyler; Egger, Marlene J

    2015-07-01

    We sought to estimate whether moderate/severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in middle-aged women is associated with overall lifetime physical activity (including leisure, household, outdoor, and occupational), as well as lifetime leisure (recreational), lifetime strenuous, and strenuous activity during the teen years. Recruitment for this case-control study was conducted in primary-care-level family medicine and gynecology clinics. A total of 1538 enrolled women ages 39-65 years underwent a Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification examination to assess vaginal support. Based on Incontinence Severity Index scores, cases had moderate/severe and controls had no/mild SUI. We excluded 349 with vaginal descent at/below the hymen (pelvic organ prolapse), 194 who did not return questionnaires, and 110 with insufficient activity data for analysis. In all, 213 cases were frequency matched 1:1 by age group to controls. Physical activity was measured using the Lifetime Physical Activity Questionnaire, in which women recall activity from menarche to present. We created separate multivariable logistic regression models for activity measures. SUI odds increased slightly with overall lifetime activity (odds ratio [OR], 1.20 per 70 additional metabolic equivalent of task-h/wk; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.41), and were not associated with lifetime strenuous activity (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.99-1.25). In quintile analysis of lifetime leisure activity, which demonstrated a nonlinear pattern, all quintiles incurred about half the odds of SUI compared to reference (second quintile; P = .009). Greater strenuous activity in teen years modestly increased SUI odds (OR, 1.37 per 7 additional h/wk; 95% CI, 1.09-1.71); OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.15-2.66 in sensitivity analysis adjusting for measurement error. The predicted probability of SUI rose linearly in women exceeding 7.5 hours of strenuous activity/wk during teen years. Teen strenuous activity had a similar effect on SUI odds when

  11. Effects of coffee and tea consumption on urinary incontinence in female twins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tettamanti, G; Altman, D; Pedersen, NL; Bellocco, R; Milsom, I; Iliadou, AN

    2011-01-01

    Objectives To assess the effect of coffee and tea consumption on symptoms of urinary incontinence. Design Population based study Setting The Swedish Twin Register Population In 2005, all twins born between 1959–1985 in Sweden (n = 42 852) were invited to participate in a web-based survey to screen for common complex diseases and common exposures. The present study was limited to female twins with information about at least one urinary symptoms and coffee and tea consumption (n = 14 031). Main outcome measure The association between coffe and tea consumption and urinary incontinence, as well as, nocturia was estimated as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Women with a high coffee intake were at lower risk of any urinary incontinence (OR 0.78, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.64-0.98) compared to women not drinking coffee. Coffee intake and incontinence subtypes showed no significant associations whereas high tea consumption was specifically associated with a risk for overactive bladder (OR 1.34, 95% CI 11.07-1.67) and nocturia (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.01-1.38). Results from co-twin control analysis suggested that the associations observed in logistic regression were mainly due to familial effects. Conclusions This study suggests that coffee and tea consumption has a limited effect on urinary incontinence symptoms. Familial and genetic effects may have confounded the associations observed in previous studies. PMID:21401855

  12. Clinical significance of video-urodynamic in female recurrent urinary tract infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijazi, Sameh; Leitsmann, Conrad

    2016-01-01

    Purpose We aimed to assess the value of video-urodynamic study (VUD) in the identification of lower urinary tract voiding dysfunction in female recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). Patients and methods A total of 54 women with recurrent UTIs who underwent VUDs between 2013 and 2015 were analyzed. They were carefully evaluated by complete history, voiding diary, physical investigation, urosonography, and VUDs. Results Neurogenic and non-neurogenic voiding dysfunctions were found in 4% and 63% of women respectively. Detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, detrusor underactivity, and a combination of both were found in 17% (nine of 54), 22% (12 of 54), and 11% (six of 54) of women, respectively. Overactive bladder syndrome was determined in 28% (15 of 54) of women. Reduction in the maximal urinary flow rate to less than 15 mL/s and post-void residual volume were revealed in 63% (34 of 54) and 54% (29 of 54) of women, respectively. Stress urinary incontinence was noticed in 39% (21 of 54) of women with a median pad usage of three pads (range: 1–15) daily. Urgency and nocturia were complaints in 54% (29 of 54) and 43% (23 of 54) of women, respectively. The median voiding frequency and nocturia episodes were 7±4 (1–13) and 1±3 (0–12), respectively. Conclusion Dysfunctional voiding can encourage the formation of recurrent UTIs in the female. The VUDs are the investigation of choice to diagnose voiding dysfunction. PMID:26855600

  13. Applications of neuromodulation of the lower urinary tract in female urology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firouz Daneshgari

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Neuromodulation is becoming part of clinical armamentarium for treatment of a variety of lower urinary tract conditions in female urology. Its increased usage stems from need of patients who have exhausted all other therapeutic options for their complex and poorly understood lower urinary tract disorders. Currently neuromodulation may consist of the use of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS and injectable therapies. Herein, we will discuss the background and development of SNS, its current indications, methods of patient selection and will review the results of the recent published literature on SNS. In addition, we will discuss some of the newer developments in SNS such as Bion device and the future direction in integration of SNS in female urology.

  14. What Is the Real Impact of Urinary Incontinence on Female Sexual Dysfunction? A Case Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Rhein Felippe, ScM; Joao Paulo Zambon, MD, PhD; Marcia Eli Girotti, ScM; Juliana Schulze Burti, ScM; Claudia Rosenblatt Hacad, ScM; Lina Cadamuro, PT; Fernando Almeida, MD, PhD

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Urinary incontinence (UI) has been associated with negative effects on women's sexuality. Women's sexuality and sexual function are a complex issue, and the role of UI is not completely clear. Aim: To assess the impact of UI on female sexual function by comparing this population with a control group of continent women. Methods: We performed a case-control study from August 2012 to September 2013. We evaluated continent and incontinent women (age range = 30–70 years) for th...

  15. Urinary excretion of dietary maillard reaction products in healthy adult female cats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooijen, van C.; Bosch, G.; Butre, C.I.; Poel, van der A.F.B.; Wierenga, P.A.; Alexander, L.; Hendriks, W.H.

    2016-01-01

    Download »Citation Alerts »Sign up for TOC email alerts Share »Email this content »Recommend to librarian Facebook Twitter doi:10.2527/jas.2015-9550 Urinary excretion of dietary Maillard reaction products in healthy adult female cats12 C. van Rooijen*, G. Bosch 3*, C. I. Butré†, A. F. B. van der Poe

  16. An open multicenter study of polyacrylamide hydrogel (Bulkamid®) for female stress and mixed urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lose, Gunnar; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Axelsen, Susanne Maigaard

    2010-01-01

    Polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAHG, Bulkamid®) is a promising urethral bulking agent. This multicenter study was carried out to evaluate safety and efficacy of Bulkamid® for female stress and mixed urinary incontinence....

  17. Urinary excretion of dietary Maillard reaction products in healthy adult female cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rooijen, C; Bosch, G; Butré, C I; van der Poel, A F B; Wierenga, P A; Alexander, L; Hendriks, W H

    2016-01-01

    During processing of foods, the Maillard reaction occurs, resulting in the formation of advanced Maillard reaction products (MRP). Varying amounts of MRP have been found in commercially processed pet foods. Dietary MRP can be absorbed and contribute to the endogenous pool of MRP and possibly the etiology of age-related diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine urinary excretion of dietary MRP in cats fed commercial moist and dry foods. A pilot study with 10 cats, conducted to determine the adaptation time required for stable urinary excretion of MRP when changing to a diet with contrasting MRP content, showed an adaptation time of 1 d for all components. In the main study, 6 commercially processed dry and 6 moist diets were fed to 12 adult female cats in 2 parallel randomized, 36-d Latin square designs. The 24-h urine was collected quantitatively using modified litter boxes, and fructoselysine (FL), carboxymethyllysine (CML), and lysinoalanine (LAL) were analyzed using ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) - mass spectrometer. Daily urinary excretion of FL and CML showed a positive relationship with daily intake in the dry ( = 0.03 and cats and excreted in the urine. The adaptation time with change in diet indicates a likely effective excretion of MRP. Minimum apparent absorption of FL, CML, and LAL was found to range between 8% and 23%, 25% and 73%, and 6% and 19%, respectively. The observed decrease in urinary recovery suggests a limiting factor in digestion, absorption, metabolism, or urinary excretion. This study shows that dietary MRP in commercial diets are absorbed and excreted via the kidneys in cats.

  18. Effect of Kegel Exercises on the Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

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    Seong-Hi Park

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Kegel exercises on reducing urinary incontinence symptoms in women with stress urinary incontinence. Methods. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs were conducted on females with stress urinary incontinence who had done Kegel exercises and met inclusion criteria in articles published between 1966 and 2012. The articles from periodicals indexed in KoreaMed, NDSL, Ovid Medline, Embase, Scopus, and other databases were selected, using key terms such as “Kegel” or “pelvic floor exercise.” Cochrane’s risk of bias was applied to assess the internal validity of the RCTs. Eleven selected studies were analyzed by meta-analysis using RevMan 5.1. Results. Eleven trials involving 510 women met the inclusion criteria. All trials contributed data to one or more of the main or secondary outcomes. They indicated that Kegel exercises significantly reduced the urinary incontinence symptoms of female stress urinary incontinence. There was no heterogeneity in the selected studies except the standardized bladder volumes of the pad test. Conclusion. There is some evidence that, for women with stress urinary incontinence, Kegel exercises may help manage urinary incontinence. However, while these results are helpful for understanding how to treat or cure stress urinary incontinence, further research is still required.

  19. Which nonsurgical options are effective for the treatment of female urinary incontinence?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brostrøm, Søren

    2008-01-01

    In this study sponsored by the US federal government, Shamliyan et al. extracted data from 96 randomized controlled trials and 3 meta-analyses, and reviewed the evidence of nonsurgical treatment for female urinary incontinence (UI). Pelvic-floor muscle training alone, or in combination with bladder......, slight improvements on subjective variables were noted with duloxetine, but adverse effects were numerous, and some were serious. The aim of conservative treatment for UI is often to improve quality of life rather than cure the disorder; if women are properly counseled, conservative therapies have...

  20. Efficacy impacts of the different treatment frequencies on female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵琳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect on female stress urinary incontinence(SUI)treated with the pudendal nerve stimulation of electroacupuncture therapy at different frequencies.Methods Sixty patients were divided into a group treated three times every week(group A)and a group treated twice every week(group B),30 cases in each one.The pudendal nerve stimulation of electroacupuncture therapy was adopted at Disixue(four acupoints on sacral region),60 min in each time in the two groups,treated

  1. Leiomyoma of the Female Urethra with Intermittent Urinary Retention: A Case Report

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    Rukhsana Aslam

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Urethral leiomyomas are rare begin mesenchymal tumors that arise from thesmooth muscle of the urethra. Most reported cases in the literature have occurred inwomen of child bearing age. These tumors present with a variety of symptoms.Excision is curative however occasional cases of relapse have been described. Herewe describe a case of a female teenager who presented with intermittent urinaryretention and final histopathological diagnosis of leiomyoma of the distal urethrafollowing excision. She had an uneventful recovery and has remained completelysymptom-free. To the best of our knowledge, this is first case of urethral leiomyomain Pakistan that has presented with a history of recurrent urinary retention.

  2. Prevalence of "low-count" bacteriuria in female urinary incontinence versus continent female controls: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Colin A; Siddins, Anne; Parkin, Katrina; Mukerjee, Chinmoy; Moore, Kate H

    2011-10-01

    Older studies suggesting an association between detrusor overactivity and bacteriuria used an outdated microbiological threshold. We hypothesised that bacteriuria ≥10(3) CFU/ml would be more prevalent in women with urinary incontinence than continent controls. A prospective, cross-sectional study of prevalence of bacteriuria ≥10(3) colony-forming units (CFU)/ml on catheter specimens. Sample estimates suggested 62 women per arm would yield 80% power. Multivariate regression analysis was performed using risk factors including, age, diabetes, menopausal status, sexual activity and cystocele. Among 213 participants, bacteriuria ≥10(3) CFU/ml was more prevalent in incontinent women than continent controls (odds ratio [OR] 4.06; p = 0.036). Two thirds of bacteriuric specimens grew "low-count" bacteriuria. On multivariate analysis, only cystocele ≥ grade II was independently associated with bacteriuria (p = 0.025). On sub-analysis by diagnosis, the only significant finding was with bladder oversensitivity (OR 13.8; p = 0.0017). Bacteriuria, including "low-count" bacteriuria, is more prevalent in urinary incontinence when compared to continent female controls.

  3. Understanding King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ in assessment of female urinary incontinence

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    Shripad Hebbar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Urinary incontinence has emerged as one of the leading medical problems for the geriatric population worldwide. Women are affected physically, mentally and socially and face embarrassment, depression and isolation. Increased life expectancy further adds to the prevalence of the condition and social, economic and health care burden. Although not sinister by itself, urinary incontinence has a profound impact on a woman's quality of life and warrants appropriate management. The efficacy of interventional procedures is measured by the caregiver mainly by improvement in urodynamic parameters. However, these gadgets do not assess the individuals satisfaction and feeling of wellbeing following the therapeutic intervention. Several generic QoL tools have been developed in an attempt to quantify these changes. But ironically, generic QoL questionnaires lack precision when applied to subjects with specific disease condition. In the context of female urinary problems, various QoL tools have been designed and investigated. King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ, which was formulated as early as 1997 by the group of researchers from King's College Hospital London still enjoys popularity till today, because of its strong psychometric properties, ease of administration and it adds objectivity to patient's subjective symptoms. However, the available information about KHQ is somewhat inadequate for the novice research scholar. The following brief essay aims at easy understanding of implementation, documentation, analysis and interpretation of King's Health Questionnaire in research settings. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 531-538

  4. Evaluation of Stress urinary incontinence among non pregnant female patients in a tertiary care hospital

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    Shraddha Agarwal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Urinary incontinence has been defined by the international continence society as a condition in which involuntary loss of urine is a social or hygienic problem and is objectively demonstrable. Stress urinary incontinence is the most common form of transurethral urinary incontinence in women. Objective: To study the probable etiological factors in diagnosed cases of Stress urinary incontinence among non pregnant female patients attending outpatient department of Gynecology in SMIMER, Surat and to evaluate the cure rate of non-surgical and surgical treatment among them. Method:This study was conducted in the department of Obst amd Gynec, SMIMER, Surat from May2010 to december2012. Non pregnant patients demonstrating SUI with full bladder were included in the study. Total 40 patients were studied. Observation: Out of 40 cases 32 (80% cases belonged to the age group of 40 to 59 years, 22 (55% were in peri-menopausal age group and the median parity of the patients was 3. Other important observation was that 29(54.7% patients had associated utero-vaginal prolapse with SUI and maximum had third degree prolapsed. Both non-surgical and surgical treatment was offered to patients with good results. Conclusion: This study indicates that SUI is quite common in peri-menopausal age group, it has strong association with multi parity and UV prolapse. Non-surgical management is still the acceptable mode of treatment. The TVT-O appears to be safe and effective surgical treatment for SUI. [Natl J Med Res 2016; 6(1.000: 73-76

  5. Labial fusion causing urinary incontinence and recurrent urinary tract infection in a postmenopausal female: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dirim, Ayhan; Hasirci, Eray

    2011-01-01

    A 73-year-old postmenopausal woman was admitted with recurrent urinary tract infection and a history of incontinence. General physical examination was normal. Complete labial fusion was noticed on genital examination. Surgical intervention was performed. This therapy alleviated incontinence and recurrent urinary tract infection.

  6. 住院已婚女病人尿路感染特点分析%An Analysis of Urinary Tract Infection in Hospitalizaed Married Females

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙川

    2002-01-01

    Objective This paper is a discussion on the regularity of married famales' urinary tract infection. MethodsAn analytical discussion on the regularity of urinary tract infection in hospitalized married females in the light of 501 cases incentral hospital in the recent five years. Result The rate of urinary tract infection in married females is 2.8% of thehospitalized females and 77% of the female urinary tract infections,70% of which is in married females from rural areas,66.67 % in females who have had their first baby and 32.93 % in females in menopause. Conclusion The rate of urinary tractinfection in married females is closely related to sexual life,childbirth,menopause and living environment.

  7. The effect of zinc supplementation on the urinary excretion of elements in female athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskici, Gunay; Gunay, Mehmet; Baltaci, Abdulkerim Kasim; Mogulkoc, Rasim

    2016-01-01

    This study was carried out to find out how oral zinc supplementation to elite athletes affects the element changes in the urine. The study registered 10 female athletes who were on the women's volleyball team of Gazi University Sports Club and whose mean age, weight, and height were 14.2±0.42 years, 59.8±7.79kg and 173.6±6.15 cm. The study protocol was approved by the local ethics committee. The athletes who continued their daily routine training sessions (6 days/week) were supplemented with 220mg/day oral zinc sulfate for 4 weeks. In order to induce exhaustion, the subjects were put to a 20-meter shuttle run test before and after supplementation. A total, 7 times urine samples were collected follows as pre and post exercise before the start of the experiment and at the end (4 times), at the end of first, second and third week (3 times). Urinary levels of magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium (mg/dl), as well as zinc, copper, and selenium (μg/dl) were analyzed in the atomic emission device (ICP-MS). Arithmetic means and standard errors of the data were calculated. Kruskal Wallis test was used to determine differences between weeks. Values for which p<0,05 were considered significant. When compared to resting values, urinary excretion of copper and selenium decreased in exercise (p<0,05), but increased with zinc supplementation (p<0,05). Pre- and post-supplementation exercise resulted in reduced urinary zinc excretion (p<0,05). Zinc supplementation increased urinary zinc excretion in one-week intervals over the course of 4 weeks (p<0,05), and reduced selenium levels (p<0,05). When zinc is supplemented to athletes, the relation between the duration and dose of supplementation is important. The results of the study indicated that zinc does not have any negative effect on the urinary excretion of the concerned elements. It can thus be concluded that athletes may benefit from zinc support.

  8. Phylo-typing of clinical Escherichia coli isolates originating from bovine mastitis and canine pyometra and urinary tract infection by means of quadruplex PCR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müştak, Hamit Kaan; Günaydin, Elçin; Kaya, İnci Başak; Salar, Merve Özdal; Babacan, Orkun; Önat, Kaan; Ata, Zafer; Diker, Kadir Serdar

    2015-01-01

    Escherichia coli is one of the major causative agents of bovine mastitis worldwide, and is typically associated with acute, clinical mastitis. Besides this, E. coli strains which belong to the extra-intestinal pathogenic group are also the major cause of urinary tract infections and pyometra in dogs. In this study, it was aimed to investigate phylo-groups/subgroups in 155 E. coli isolates obtained from acute bovine mastitis, 43 from urinary tract infections of dogs and 20 from canine pyometra by a formerly described triplex PCR and recently described new quadruplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Group A1 (n = 118; 76%) and B1 (n = 71; 46%) were found to be the most prevalent groups by triplex and quadruplex PCR assays in mastitis isolates, respectively. Phylo-typing of 43 urinary tract isolates also revealed that most of the isolates belonged to A1 (n = 23; 54%) by triplex and B2 (n = 36; 84%) by quadruplex PCR assays. The isolates assigned as group A1 (n = 17; 85%) by triplex PCR could not be classified by quadruplex PCR in pyometra isolates. The results support the hypothesis that E. coli strains isolated from bovine mastitis cases are environmental. Also, groups C, E and F were identified as new phylo-groups for the first time in acute bovine mastitis cases. The comparison of triplex PCR with quadruplex PCR results revealed that most of the groups assigned in triplex PCR were altered by quadruplex PCR assay.

  9. The effect of pelvic muscle exercises on urinary incontinency and self-esteem of elderly females with stress urinary incontinency, 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargar Jahromi, Marzieh; Talebizadeh, Malihe; Mirzaei, Maryam

    2014-09-28

    Millions of women are afflicted with stress urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is mentioned as one of the geriatric syndromes, together with pressure ulcers, functional decline, falls, and low self-esteem. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pelvic muscle exercises on urinary incontinency and self- esteem of elderly females with stress urinary incontinency in Shiraz, Iran, 2013. In this interventional study, 50 old females aged 60-74 years were chosen among the members of Jahandidegan center, and they were asked to sign the informed consent form and complete the demographic questionnaire. Then, Quid questionnaire was used for choosing the type of incontinence in the elderly females. Next, the participants completed the ICIQ and self-esteem questionnaires. Then, they were randomly assigned to case and control groups. Each participant took part in 8 training classes. Finally, the subjects filled the ICIQ and self-esteem questionnaires before and 2 months after the intervention. The results is shown that after the intervention, ICIQ score has a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.001). Also, after the treatment, self-esteem average scores of studied unit indicated a significant statistical difference in experimental group. In other words, the training sessions improved the score of self-esteem in the experimental group (Pwomen in improving their quality of life and self-esteem, so recommended that such these exercising programs be used in elderly health care centers as a factor to improve health promotion of elderlies 'that are suffering from urinary incontinence.

  10. Impact of supervised physiotherapeutic pelvic floor exercises for treating female stress urinary incontinence

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    Míriam Raquel Diniz Zanetti

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence is a public health problem that affects more than 200 million people worldwide. Stress incontinence is the most prevalent type. Pelvic floor muscle exercises have been used for treating it, although there is no consensus regarding their application. The aim of this study was to compare the results from treating female stress urinary incontinence with pelvic floor muscle exercises with or without physiotherapist supervision. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a randomized, prospective, controlled trial in the Urogynecology and Vaginal Surgery Sector, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: Forty-four women were randomized to be treated for stress urinary incontinence with pelvic floor exercises for three consecutive months, into two groups: one with and the other without physiotherapist supervision. They were evaluated before and after treatment using a quality-of-life questionnaire, pad test, micturition diary and subjective evaluation. Descriptive analysis was used to evaluate the population. The homogeneity of the two groups was evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-squared tests. The success of the two groups after treatment was evaluated using the Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: The supervised group showed statistically greater improvement in the pad test, micturition diary and quality of life than did the control group. In the subjective evaluation, only 23.8% of the control group patients were satised with their treatment. In the supervised group, 66.8% of patients did not want any other treatment. CONCLUSION: Supervised pelvic floor muscle exercises presented better results in objective and subjective evaluations than did unsupervised exercises.

  11. A young female with urinary retention - A case report of Hashimoto's Encephalopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Benjamin L; Appel, Shane E; Ammar, Hussam M

    2017-01-26

    Hashimoto's Encephalopathy (HE) is a rare form of autoimmune encephalopathy associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in which patients experience cognitive impairment and various neurologic symptoms. We present a case of a young female that presented to the emergency department with urinary retention, and was ultimately diagnosed with HE. Examination was significant for direction-changing and vertical nystagmus (direction-changing nystagmus describes a phenomenon where the fast beat changes with the direction of gaze), hyperreflexia, clonus, and Babinski and Hoffman's reflexes (all upper motor neuron (UMN) signs). Her symptoms improved with high dose intravenous steroid administration. To our knowledge, urinary retention in the presence of other UMN signs has not been reported in association with HE; nor has this patient's type of nystagmus. Emergency physicians should be aware of this condition and can play an important role by considering it when neurologic findings are not explained by infectious, toxic, metabolic, or structural etiologies. Although relatively rare, if detected and treated early HE can have a good prognosis.

  12. An integral theory of female urinary incontinence. Experimental and clinical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petros, P E; Ulmsten, U I

    1990-01-01

    In this Theory paper, the complex interplay of the specific structures involved in female urinary continence are analyzed. In addition the effects of age, hormones, and iatrogenically induced scar tissue on these structures, are discussed specifically with regard to understanding the proper basis for treatment of urinary incontinence. According to the Theory stress and urge symptoms may both derive, for different reasons from the same anatomical defect, a lax vagina. This laxity may be caused by defects within the vaginal wall itself, or its supporting structures i.e. ligaments, muscles, and their connective tissue insertions. The vagina has a dual function. It mediates (transmits) the various muscle movements involved in bladder neck opening and closure through three separate closure mechanisms. It also has a structural function, and prevents urgency by supporting the hypothesized stretch receptors at the proximal urethra and bladder neck. Altered collagen/elastin in the vaginal connective tissue and/or its ligamentous supports may cause laxity. This dissipates the muscle contraction, causing stress incontinence, and/or activation of an inappropriate micturition reflex, ("bladder instability") by stimulation of bladder base stretch receptors. The latter is manifested by symptoms of frequency, urgency, nocturia with or without urine loss.

  13. Female sexual function following mid-urethral slings for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alwaal, A; Tian, X; Huang, Y; Zhao, L; Ma, L; Lin, G; Deng, D

    2016-07-01

    The aim of our study was to describe the impact of mid-urethral sling procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on female sexual function. We used PubMed (updated March 2015) to conduct a literature electronic search that included peer-reviewed English language articles. We analyzed the studies about the impact of mid-urethral slings on female sexual function. There are different and contradictory results of the effects of mid-urethral sling on female sexual function. However, more papers show that women undergoing mid-urethral sling procedures report that their sexual function is improved or remains unchanged. The main mechanism of this improved sexuality is the complete relief from coital incontinence, reduction in anxiety and avoidance of sex, whereas the most common symptom related to worsened sexual activity is dyspareunia. Women undergoing sling procedures for SUI should be informed that their sexual activity is likely to remain unchanged or even improve after the operation, but that dyspareunia may occur.

  14. Surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence with the Gynecare TVT Secur™ System – preliminary report

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    Włodzimierz Baranowski

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Sling procedures were first introduced over 100 years ago in the treatment of stress urinaryincontinence. Since then they have evolved to become less invasive and safer. The sling procedure using theGynecare TVT Secur™ system is a new therapeutic option for women with stress urinary incontinence.Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gynecare TVT Secur™ in the surgical treatment of stressurinary incontinence in women. Material and methods: The study comprised consecutive female patients admitted to the Department ofGynaecology and Gynaecological Oncology of the Military Institute of Health Services in Warsaw, Poland, whohad been qualified for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence on the basis of physical signs and symptomsand the findings of a urodynamic study. The procedure was performed using the Gynecare TVT Secur™system with tapes introduced in an H- or U-shape mode. Results: Between October 2006 and September 2009, 77 sling procedures using the Gynecare TVT Secur™system were performed in women with stress urinary incontinence. Their mean age was 55.1 (30-76 years, meanBMI 28.5 (20.2-43.8 kg/m2. Sixty-nine implants were positioned in H-shape mode, 8 in U-shape mode. Fortyninewomen (63.6% were menopausal, 14 (18.2% previously had three or more natural deliveries, 13 (16.8%had a history of gynaecological surgeries. Thirty-one procedures were performed under general anaesthesia and46 under local anaesthesia. The mean duration of the surgery was 9 (4-42 minutes. It was possible to dischargefifty-seven (74% women on the day of the surgery. Urine retention was observed only in 1 (1.7% woman. Noother complications were recorded. Conclusions: The surgical treatment of urinary incontinence with sling procedures using the Gynecare TVTSecur™ system shows good immediate efficacy and safety. Considering this as well as the short duration ofthe procedure and its good tolerability under local anaesthesia, use

  15. Urinary and genital tract obstruction as a complication of female genital mutilation: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okwudili, Obi Anselm; Chukwudi, Onoh Robinson

    2012-01-01

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other deliberate injury to the female genital organs, either for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons. This barbaric act is accompanied by a variety of complications ranging from hemorrhage, fracture, infective complications, gynetresia, with its attendant sexual and obstetric difficulties, and death. A 23-year-old girl, with urinary and genital tract obstruction following female genital mutilation(infibulation) is presented. She was managed by elective defibulation, with a satisfactory outcome. Robust health education strategies are needed for the eradication of FGM.

  16. Predictive Value of Urodynamics on Outcome After Midurethral Sling Surgery for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence EDITORIAL COMMENT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houwert, R. Marijn; Venema, Pieter L.; Aquarius, Annelies E.; Bruinse, Hein W.; Kil, Paul J. M.; Vervest, Harry A. M.

    2009-01-01

    Urodynamic investigation (UDI) is routinely performed before midurethral sling surgery (MUS) for female stress urinary incontinence to detect factors that may adversely affect the surgical outcome or confirm the diagnosis. A recent review, however, concluded that there was insufficient evidence to d

  17. Epidemiological differences of lower urinary tract symptoms among female subpopulations and group level interventions

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    Avasarala Atchuta Kameswararao

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: 1 To study the risk factor profiles of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS among adolescent girls, housewives and working women and its socioeconomic and quality of life losses. 2 To undertake risk factor modifications using the adolescent girls. Design and Setting: Cross-sectional descriptive study followed by educational intervention. Statistical Methods: Cluster sampling, Proportions, confidence intervals, Chi square and t-Tests and Logistic regression. Materials and Methods: House to house survey was done in two villages and one urban ward. Seventy-five housewives, 75 working women and 180 adolescent girls were asked about the risk factors and losses due to LUTS. Three teams of adolescent girls were utilized to bring about behavioral modifications. Impact was measured through user perspectives obtained from the participants. Results: Risk factors, social, economic and quality of life losses were different among the three female populations. Overall prevalence of LUTS among the three groups is 61(18.5%. Improper anal washing technique, malnutrition, presence of vaginal discharge, use of unsanitary menstrual pads, pinworm infestation and use of bad toilets were the significant causes among girls. Presence of sexually transmitted diseases was a contributing factor among housewives and working women. Prolonged sitting the posture was also contributing to LUTS among working women. Seventy-four per cent of beneficiaries expressed that intervention is useful. Conclusions: The causes for LUTS and their consequences were differing among the three female subpopulations. Specific group level interventions using trained girls were successful.

  18. Studies on risk factors for urinary incontinence in Swedish female twins

    OpenAIRE

    Tettamanti, Giorgio

    2013-01-01

    Approximately half of all women in industrialized countries will experience urinary incontinence during their lifetime. Even though urinary incontinence is not a life threatening disease, it often has severe implications for daily function, social interactions, sexuality and psychological well-being. Moreover, urinary incontinence has a major impact on health economy and is increasingly recognized as a global health burden. Hence, identifying risk factors for urinary incontinence is of import...

  19. Application of Urodynamic Examination in Females Different Urinary Incontinence%尿动力学检查在女性不同尿失禁中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文玉; 马生秀; 陈强; 姜计芹

    2014-01-01

    Female urinary incontinence can be divided into stress urinary incontinence, urge incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence.Dif erent treatment of urinary incontinence are dif erent.Urodynamic parameters are dif erent in dif erent female urinary incontinence,it can be used for the identification of female urinary incontinence, to provide an objective basis for treatment.%女性尿失禁可分为压力性尿失禁、急迫性尿失禁和混合型尿失禁。不同尿失禁的治疗方法不同。尿动力学检查在不同女性尿失禁中参数不同,可用于女性尿失禁的鉴别,为治疗提供客观依据。

  20. Role of phytotherapy associated with antibiotic prophylaxis in female patients with recurrent urinary tract infections

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    Emanuela Frumenzio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a phytotherapic which includes Solidago, Orthosiphon and Birch extract (Cistimev® in association with antibiotic prophylaxis in female patients affected by recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIr. Materials and methods: Patients affected by UTIr older than 18 years started a 3-months antibiotic prophylaxis (Prulifloxacin 600 mg, 1 cps/week or Phosphomicyn 1 cachet/week according to antibiogram after urine culture. The patients were divided in 2 groups: Group A: antibiotic prophylaxis plus phytotherapy (1 cps/die for 3 months and Group B: antibiotic prophylaxis alone. Results: 164 consecutive patients were studied: 107 were included in group A (mean age 59 ± 17.3 years and 57 (mean age 61 ± 15.7 in group B. During the treatment period the relapse frequencies between the two groups were not significantly different (p = 0.854: 12/107 (11.21% patients interrupted the treatment for UTIr in group A and 6/57 (10.52% in group B. In the long term follow-up the relapse UTI risk was significant different in the two groups with a relapse risk 2.5 greater in group B than in group A (p < 0.0001. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that in female patients affected by recurrent UTI, the association between antibiotic prophylaxis and of a phytotherapic which includes Solidago, Orthosiphon and Birch extract reduced the number of UTI in the 12 months following the end of prophylaxis and obtained a longer relapsing time, greatly improving the quality of life of the patients.

  1. Managing female urinary incontinence: A regional prospective analysis of cost-utility ratios (curs and effectiveness

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    Elisabetta Costantini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To evaluate the cost-utility of incontinence treatments, particularly anticholinergic therapy, by examining costs and quality-adjusted life years. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study of women who were consecutively referred by general practitioners (GPs to the Urology Department because of urinary incontinence. The primary outcome was evaluation of the cost-utility of incontinence treatments (surgery, medical therapy and physiotherapy for stress and/or urgency incontinence by examining costs and quality-adjusted life years. Results: 137 consecutive female patients (mean age 60.6 ± 11.6; range 36-81 were enrolled and stratified according to pathologies: SUI and UUI. Group A: SUI grade II-III: 43 patients who underwent mid-urethral sling (MUS; Group B: SUI grade I-II 57 patients who underwent pelvic floor muscle exercise and Group C: UUI: 37 patients who underwent antimuscarinic treatment with 5 mg solifenacin daily. The cost utility ratio (CUR was estimated as saving more than €1200 per QALY for surgery and physiotherapy and as costing under € 100 per QALY for drug therapy. Conclusions: This study shows that appropriate diagnosis and treatment of a patient with incontinence lowers National Health Service costs and improves the benefits of treatment and quality of life.

  2. [Physics of materials and female stress urinary continence: New concepts: I) Elasticity under bladder].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerquin, B

    2015-09-01

    Improving the understanding of the adaptation to stress of urinary continence. A transversal analysis between physics of materials and the female anatomy. Laws of physics of the materials and of their viscoelastic behavior are applied to the anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall. The anterior vaginal wall may be divided into two segments of different viscoelastic behavior, the vertical segment below the urethra and the horizontal segment below the bladder. If the urethra gets crushed on the first segment according to the hammock theory, the crushing of the bladder on the second segment is, on the other hand, damped by its important elasticity. The importance of this elasticity evokes an unknown function: damping under the bladder that moderates and delays the increase of intravesical pressure. This damping function below the bladder is increased in the cystocele, which is therefore a continence factor; on the other hand, it is impaired in obesity, which is therefore a factor of SUI. It is necessary to include in the theory of stress continence, the notion of a damping function below the bladder. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Female stress urinary incontinence: standard techniques revisited and critical evaluation of innovative techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Riese, Cornelia; de Riese, Werner T. W.

    2003-06-01

    Objectives: The treatment of female urinary incontinence (UI) is a growing health care concern in our aging society. Publications of recent innovations and modifications are creating expectations. This brief review provides some insight and structure regarding indications and expected outcomes for the different approaches. Materials: Data extraction is part of a Medline data base search, which was performed for "female stress incontinence" from 1960 until 2000. Additional literature search was performed to cover 2001 and 2002. Outcome data were extracted. Results: (1) INJECTION OF BULKING AGENTS (collagen, synthetic agents): The indication for mucosal coaptation was more clearly defined and in the majority of articles limited to ISD. (2) OPEN COLPOSUSPENSION (Burch, MMK): Best long-term results of all operative procedures, to date considered the gold standard. (3) LAPAROSCOPIC COLPOSUSPENSION (different modifications): Long-term success rates appear dependent on operator skills. There are few long-term data. (4) NEEDLE SUSPENSION: (Stamey, Pareyra and modifications): Initial results were equal to Burch with less morbidity, but long-term success rates are worse. (5) SLING PROCEDURES (autologous, synthetic, allogenic graft materials, different modes of support and anchoring, free tapes): The suburethral sling has traditionally been considered a procedure for those in whom suspension had failed and for those with severe ISD. The most current trend shows its use as a primary procedure for SUI. Long-term data beyond 5 years are insufficient. (6) EXTERNAL OCCLUSIVE DEVICES (vaginal sponges and pessaries, urethral insert): Both vaginal and urethral insert devices can be effective in selected patients. (7) IMPLANTABLE ARTEFICIAL URETHRAL SPHINCTERS: Modifications and improvements of the devices resulted in improved clinical results regarding durability and efficacy. CONCLUSION: (1) The Burch colposuspension is still considered the gold standard in the treatment of female

  4. Should measurement of maximum urinary flow rate and residual urine volume be a part of a "minimal care" assessment programme in female incontinence?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sander, Pia; Mouritsen, L; Andersen, J Thorup

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of routine measurements of urinary flow rate and residual urine volume as a part of a "minimal care" assessment programme for women with urinary incontinence in detecting clinical significant bladder emptying problems. MATERIAL AND METHOD...... female urinary incontinence. Thus, primary health care providers can assess women based on simple guidelines without expensive equipment for assessment of urine flow rate and residual urine....

  5. The Effect of Exercise on Urinary Gamma-Glutamyltransferase and Protein Levels in Elite Female Karate Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Shavandi, Nader; Samiei, Abolfazl; Afshar, Reza; Saremi, Abbas; Sheikhhoseini, Rahman

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Post exercise proteinuria and increased urinary Gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels can be indicative of exercise-induced renal damage. The aim of this investigation is to study the effect of one session of intensive training on renal damage markers and compare their values to those 6 hours after training. Methods In this cross-sectional study with pre- and post-test design, 10 elite volunteer female athletes were selected and participated in one training session (2 hours). Urine ...

  6. Naturally Occurring Canine Invasive Urinary Bladder Cancer: A Complementary Animal Model to Improve the Success Rate in Human Clinical Trials of New Cancer Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher M. Fulkerson

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Genomic analyses are defining numerous new targets for cancer therapy. Therapies aimed at specific genetic and epigenetic targets in cancer cells as well as expanded development of immunotherapies are placing increased demands on animal models. Traditional experimental models do not possess the collective features (cancer heterogeneity, molecular complexity, invasion, metastasis, and immune cell response critical to predict success or failure of emerging therapies in humans. There is growing evidence, however, that dogs with specific forms of naturally occurring cancer can serve as highly relevant animal models to complement traditional models. Invasive urinary bladder cancer (invasive urothelial carcinoma (InvUC in dogs, for example, closely mimics the cancer in humans in pathology, molecular features, biological behavior including sites and frequency of distant metastasis, and response to chemotherapy. Genomic analyses are defining further intriguing similarities between InvUC in dogs and that in humans. Multiple canine clinical trials have been completed, and others are in progress with the aim of translating important findings into humans to increase the success rate of human trials, as well as helping pet dogs. Examples of successful targeted therapy studies and the challenges to be met to fully utilize naturally occurring dog models of cancer will be reviewed.

  7. Effects of cranberry extract on prevention of urinary tract infection in dogs and on adhesion of Escherichia coli to Madin-Darby canine kidney cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Hsin-I; Chen, Kuan-Sheng; Wang, Hsien-Chi; Lee, Wei-Ming

    2016-04-01

    To determine effects of cranberry extract on development of urinary tract infection (UTI) in dogs and on adherence of Escherichia coli to Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. 12 client-owned dogs (in vivo experiment) and 6 client-owned dogs (in vitro experiment). 12 dogs with a history of recurrent UTI received an antimicrobial (n = 6) or cranberry extract (6) orally for 6 months. Dogs were monitored for a UTI. For the in vitro experiment, cranberry extract was orally administered to 6 dogs for 60 days. Voided urine samples were collected from each dog before and 30 and 60 days after onset of extract administration. Urine was evaluated by use of a bacteriostasis assay. An antiadhesion assay and microscopic examination were used to determine inhibition of bacterial adherence to MDCK cells. None of the 12 dogs developed a UTI. The bacteriostasis assay revealed no zone of inhibition for any urine samples. Bacterial adhesion was significantly reduced after culture with urine samples obtained at 30 and 60 days, compared with results for urine samples obtained before extract administration. Microscopic examination revealed that bacterial adherence to MDCK cells was significantly reduced after culture with urine samples obtained at 30 and 60 days, compared with results after culture with urine samples obtained before extract administration. Oral administration of cranberry extract prevented development of a UTI and prevented E coli adherence to MDCK cells, which may indicate it has benefit for preventing UTIs in dogs.

  8. Laser treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: optical, thermal, and tissue damage simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Luke A.; Chang, Chun-Hung; Myers, Erinn M.; Kennelly, Michael J.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2016-02-01

    Treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by laser thermal remodeling of subsurface tissues is studied. Light transport, heat transfer, and thermal damage simulations were performed for transvaginal and transurethral methods. Monte Carlo (MC) provided absorbed photon distributions in tissue layers (vaginal wall, endopelvic fascia, urethral wall). Optical properties (n,μa,μs,g) were assigned to each tissue at λ=1064 nm. A 5-mm-diameter laser beam and power of 5 W for 15 s was used, based on previous experiments. MC output was converted into absorbed energy, serving as input for ANSYS finite element heat transfer simulations of tissue temperatures over time. Convective heat transfer was simulated with contact cooling probe set at 0 °C. Thermal properties (κ,c,ρ) were assigned to each tissue layer. MATLAB code was used for Arrhenius integral thermal damage calculations. A temperature matrix was constructed from ANSYS output, and finite sum was incorporated to approximate Arrhenius integral calculations. Tissue damage properties (Ea,A) were used to compute Arrhenius sums. For the transvaginal approach, 37% of energy was absorbed in endopelvic fascia layer with 0.8% deposited beyond it. Peak temperature was 71°C, treatment zone was 0.8-mm-diameter, and almost all of 2.7-mm-thick vaginal wall was preserved. For transurethral approach, 18% energy was absorbed in endopelvic fascia with 0.3% deposited beyond it. Peak temperature was 80°C, treatment zone was 2.0-mm-diameter, and only 0.6 mm of 2.4-mm-thick urethral wall was preserved. A transvaginal approach is more feasible than transurethral approach for laser treatment of SUI.

  9. Recurrence rate of stress urinary incontinence in females with initial cure after transobturator tape procedure at 3-year follow-up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Taeyong; Yoon, Hyun Sik; Kim, Hyung Suk; Lee, Jeong Woo; Bae, Jungbum

    2017-01-01

    Purpose To assess recurrence rates of urinary incontinence in women with initial cure after transobturator tape (TOT) procedure at 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods Between June 2006 and May 2013, a total of 402 consecutive patients underwent the TOT procedure for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital. Of the 402 patients, 223 had sufficient medical records for analysis. Therefore, they were followed-up for 3 years postoperatively. Patient characteristics, urinary symptoms, physical examination, and urodynamic parameters were evaluated. The primary end point of “cure” was defined as the absence of any complaint of urinary leakage without needing pads for usual activities. Results Of the 223 patients, 196 patients (87.9%) were initially cured within 6 months postoperatively. Of the 196 patients, 70 (35.7%) had recurrent urinary incontinence at 3 years postoperatively, 51 (26.0%) had SUI, 16 (8.2%) had urgency urinary incontinence, and 3 (1.5%) had mixed urinary incontinence. In univariate analysis, preoperative urinary obstructive symptom was found to significant contributor to the recurrence of urinary incontinence at 3-year postoperatively (p=0.004). Conclusions In our study, 35.7% of the women with initial cure after TOT experienced the recurrence of urinary leakage during the 3-year follow-up. The cure rate of TOT was decreased as time went by, although the initial cure rate was high. PMID:28097269

  10. Hidden female urinary incontinence in urology and obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics in Turkey: what are the determinants of bothersome urinary incontinence and help-seeking behavior?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetinel, Bulent; Demirkesen, Oktay; Tarcan, Tufan; Yalcin, Onay; Kocak, Taner; Senocak, Mustafa; Itil, Ismail

    2007-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of female urinary incontinence (UI) and risk factors of bothersomeness and help-seeking behavior of hidden female UI in urology and obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics. This multicentric and cross-sectional study was conducted as a part of the Turkish Overactive Bladder Study. Female patients (n = 5,565) who were referred with complaints other than UI and overactive bladder symptoms were surveyed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) with supplementation of five more questions. The crude prevalence of UI was found to be 35.7%. The prevalence of frequent and severe incontinence was 8.2 and 6.8%, respectively. The mean age of incontinent patients was significantly higher (p < 0.001). The prevalence of stress, urge, and mixed UI was 39.8, 24.8, and 28.9%, respectively. More than half (53%) of incontinent patients were not bothered by UI, and only 12% of incontinent patients had previously sought medical help for their problem. Frequency, severity, and type of UI were independent factors for predicting bothersome UI, while only bothersomeness increased help-seeking behavior. The ICIQ-SF score of 8 has been found to be the best cutoff value to delineate the bothersome UI. Although the crude prevalence of female UI was found to be high, bothersome UI was not so common. The majority of incontinent female patients did not seek medical help. Frequency, severity, and mixed type of UI were found to be the determinants of bothersome UI for which the ICIQ-SF cutoff score of 8 was obtained.

  11. Evidence of vagus nerve sprouting to innervate the urinary bladder and clitoris in a canine model of lower motoneuron lesioned bladder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbe, Mary F; Gomez-Amaya, Sandra; Braverman, Alan S; Brown, Justin M; Lamarre, Neil S; Massicotte, Vicky S; Lewis, Jennifer K S; Dachert, Stephen R; Ruggieri, Michael R

    2017-01-01

    Complete spinal cord injury does not block perceptual responses or inferior solitary nucleus activation after genital self-stimulation, even though the vagus is not thought to innervate pelvic structures. We tested if vagus nerve endings sprout after bladder decentralization to innervate genitourinary structures in canines with decentralized bladders. Four reinnervation surgeries were performed in female hounds: bilateral genitofemoral nerve transfer to pelvic nerve with vesicostomy (GNF-V) or without (GFN-NV); and left femoral nerve transfer (FNT-V and FNT-NV). After 8 months, retrograde dyes were injected into genitourinary structures. Three weeks later, at euthanasia, reinnervation was evaluated as increased detrusor pressure induced by functional electrical stimulation (FES). Controls included un-operated, sham-operated, and decentralized animals. Increased detrusor pressure was seen in 8/12 GFNT-V, 4/5 GFNT-NV, 5/5 FNT-V, and 4/5 FNT-NV animals after FES, but not decentralized controls. Lumbar cord segments contained cells labeled from the bladder in all nerve transfer animals with FES-induced increased detrusor pressure. Nodose ganglia cells labeled from the bladder were observed in 5/7 nerve transfer animals (1/2 GNT-NV; 4/5 FNT-V), and from the clitoris were in 6/7 nerve transfer animals (2/2 GFNT-NV; 4/5 FNT-V). Dorsal motor nucleus vagus cells labeled from the bladder were observed in 3/5 nerve transfer animals (1/2 GFNT-NV; 2/3 FNT-V), and from the clitoris in 4/5 nerve transfer animals (1/2 GFNT-NV; 3/3 FNT-V). Controls lacked this labeling. Evidence of vagal nerve sprouting to the bladder and clitoris was observed in canines with lower motoneuron lesioned bladders. Neurourol. Urodynam. 36:91-97, 2017. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and dysfunction of the female lower urinary tract: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unger, Cécile A; Tunitsky-Bitton, Elena; Muffly, Tyler; Barber, Matthew D

    2014-01-01

    The 2 major functions of the lower urinary tract are the storage and emptying of urine. These processes are controlled by complex neurophysiologic mechanisms and are subject to injury and disease. When there is disruption of the neurologic control centers, dysfunction of the lower urinary tract may occur. This is sometimes referred to as the "neurogenic bladder." The manifestation of dysfunction depends on the level of injury and severity of disruption. Patients with lesions above the spinal cord often have detrusor overactivity with no disruption in detrusor-sphincter coordination. Patients with well-defined suprasacral spinal cord injuries usually present with intact reflex detrusor activity but have detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, whereas injuries to or below the sacral spinal cord usually lead to persistent detrusor areflexia. A complete gynecologic, urologic, and neurologic examination should be performed when evaluating patients with neurologic lower urinary tract dysfunction. In addition, urodynamic studies and neurophysiologic testing can be used in certain circumstances to help establish diagnosis or to achieve better understanding of a patient's vesicourethral functioning. In the management of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, the primary goal is improvement of a patient's quality of life. Second to this is the prevention of chronic damage to the bladder and kidneys, which can lead to worsening impairment and symptoms. Treatment is often multifactorial, including behavioral modifications, bladder training programs, and pharmacotherapy. Surgical procedures are often a last resort option for management. An understanding of the basic neurophysiologic mechanisms of the lower urinary tract can guide providers in their evaluation and treatment of patients who present with lower urinary tract disorders. As neurologic diseases progress, voiding function often changes or worsens, necessitating a good understanding of the underlying physiology in question.

  13. The effects of physiotherapy for female urinary incontinence: Individual compared with group treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, C.C.M.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.; Felling, A.J.A.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a randomized trial, the effects of individual and group physiotherapy for urinary incontinence in women referred by their general practitioner (GP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included women of all ages (mean 47.8 years) with stress, urge or mixed incontinence; 126

  14. The effects of physiotherapy for female urinary incontinence: individual compared with group treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, C.C.M.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.; Felling, A.J.A.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a randomized trial, the effects of individual and group physiotherapy for urinary incontinence in women referred by their general practitioner (GP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included women of all ages (mean 47.8 years) with stress, urge or mixed incontinence; 126

  15. Predicting who will undergo surgery after physiotherapy for female stress urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Labrie, J.; Lagro-Janssen, A. L. M.; Fischer, K.; Berghmans, L. C. M.; van der Vaart, C. H.

    2015-01-01

    To predict who will undergo midurethral sling surgery (surgery) after initial pelvic floor muscle training (physiotherapy) for stress urinary incontinence in women. This was a cohort study including women with moderate to severe stress incontinence who were allocated to the physiotherapy arm from a

  16. The effects of physiotherapy for female urinary incontinence: individual compared with group treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, C.C.M.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.; Felling, A.J.A.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a randomized trial, the effects of individual and group physiotherapy for urinary incontinence in women referred by their general practitioner (GP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included women of all ages (mean 47.8 years) with stress, urge or mixed incontinence; 126 re

  17. The effects of physiotherapy for female urinary incontinence: Individual compared with group treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, C.C.M.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.; Felling, A.J.A.

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a randomized trial, the effects of individual and group physiotherapy for urinary incontinence in women referred by their general practitioner (GP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included women of all ages (mean 47.8 years) with stress, urge or mixed incontinence; 126 re

  18. Patient Reported Outcomes Tools in an Observational Study of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Vaart, Huub; Falconer, Christian; Quail, Deborah; Timlin, Louise; Manning, Martina; Tincello, Douglas; Tunn, Ralf

    2010-01-01

    Aims: To determine which patient characteristics, incontinence and non-incontinence related, are associated with the symptom severity scores of the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence (ICIQ-UI); and to determine th

  19. Predicting who will undergo surgery after physiotherapy for female stress urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Labrie, J.; Lagro-Janssen, A.; Fischer, K.; Berghmans, L.C.; Vaart, C.H. van der

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To predict who will undergo midurethral sling surgery (surgery) after initial pelvic floor muscle training (physiotherapy) for stress urinary incontinence in women. METHODS: This was a cohort study including women with moderate to severe stress incontinence who were allo

  20. Progress in Treatment of Female Mixed Urinary Incontinence Abroad%女性混合性尿失禁国外治疗进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淑惟; 孙建华; 刘跃光; 秦珊; 张晓妮

    2015-01-01

    混合性尿失禁严重影响患者的生活质量,且在女性尿失禁中占很大部分。本文综述了女性混合性尿失禁的治疗,总结了国外治疗女性混合性尿失禁的各种方法,包括生活方式干预、物理治疗、药物治疗及手术治疗等,指出了对于女性混合性尿失禁的治疗,国外尚缺乏单一且有效的方法,多采用综合治疗。%Female mixed urinary incontinence is an important type of female urinary incontinence,it affects life quality seriously. The treatment of female mixed urinary incontinence is reviewed in this article,a variety of treatment methods of female mixed urinary incontinence abroad are summarized,including behavioral therapy,physical therapy,drug therapy and surgery, etc. In conclusion,there is no single and effective treatment for female mixed urinary incontinence abroad,comprehensive treatments are used commonly.

  1. Critical evaluation of electro-stimulation for management of female urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasuda, K; Yamanishi, T

    1999-10-01

    Electro-stimulation has been reported to be effective in the relief of stress and urge urinary incontinence. The rates of cure and improvement brought about by pelvic floor electro-stimulation in patients with urinary incontinence are 30-50% and 60-90%, respectively. In clinical practice, vaginal, anal and surface electrodes are used for external, short-term stimulation, and sacral root stimulation for internal, chronic (long-term) stimulation. The effectiveness of electro-stimulation has been verified in a randomized, placebo-controlled study. However, its superiority over other conservative treatments, such as pelvic floor exercise, has not been confirmed. A long-term effect has also been reported. In conclusion, pelvic floor exercise together with electro-stimulation is the mainstay of conservative management for the treatment of stress incontinence. For urge and mixed stress plus urge incontinence, electro-stimulation may be the first choice alternative treatment to drug therapy.

  2. Distribution and viability of spermatozoa in the canine female genital tract during post-ovulatory oocyte maturation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karre Inga

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Unlike other domestic mammals, in which metaphase-II oocytes are ovulated, canine ovulation is characterized by the release of primary oocytes, which may take 12 to up to 36 hours. Further 60 hours are needed for maturation to secondary oocytes which then remain fertile for about 48 hours. Oestrus takes 7 to 10 days on average and may start as early as a week before ovulation. This together with the prolonged process of post-ovulatory oocyte maturation requires an according longevity of spermatozoa in the female genital tract in order to provide a population of fertile sperm when oocytes have matured to fertilizability. Therefore the distribution and viability of spermatozoa in the bitch genital tract was examined during post-ovulatory oocyte maturation. Methods Thirteen beagle bitches were inseminated on the day of sonographically verified ovulation with pooled semen of two beagle dogs containing one billion progressively motile spermatozoa. Ovariohysterectomy was performed two days later (group 1, n = 6 and four days later (group 2, n = 7. The oviduct and uterine horn of one side were flushed separately and the flushing’s were checked for the presence of gametes. The oviducts including the utero-tubal junction and the uterine horns, both the flushed and unflushed, were histologically examined for sperm distribution. Results The total number of spermatozoa recovered by flushing was low and evaluation of viability was limited. Prophase-I oocytes were collected from oviduct flushing in group 1, whereas unfertilized metaphase-II oocytes were detected in group 2. From day 2 to day 4 after ovulation a significant decrease in the percentage of glands containing sperm (P Conclusions Oocyte maturation to metaphase-II stage is accompanied by a continuous sperm detachment and elimination in the uterine horns. Entrance of spermatozoa into the caudal oviduct seems to be steadily controlled by the utero-tubal junction thus

  3. The treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: an evidenced-based review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cameron AP

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Anne P Cameron, Allen McNeil HarawayDepartment of Urology, Division of Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Reconstruction, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USAObjective: To review the literature on the surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for stress urinary incontinence in women, focusing exclusively on randomized clinical trials and high quality meta-analyses.Materials and methods: A computer-aided and manual search for published randomized controlled trials and high quality meta-analyses investigating both conservative and surgical treatment options for stress urinary incontinence. In the case of a treatment that is not studied in these formats large case series have been used.Results: Articles were reviewed and the results summarized on pelvic floor physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, bulking agents, and surgery (open and minimally invasive.Conclusion: There are numerous high quality studies in the literature. It can be difficult to make definitive conclusions on the most appropriate treatment options due to the variability in the outcomes used to define success in these articles. There is also a dire lack of studies evaluating and comparing the surgical options for patients with intrinsic sphincter deficiency.Keywords: stress urinary incontinence, conservative and surgical treatment

  4. [Magnetic urethral closure device. Negative outcome after implantation for the treatment of female urinary incontinence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anding, R; van Ahlen, H; Müller, S C; Latz, S

    2015-07-01

    We report on a negative outcome after implantation of a magnetic urethral closure device, consisting of one part screwed into the pubic bone and one part as a vaginal cone, for the treatment of urinary stress incontinence grade III. Continence was never achieved for the patient. The urethra narrowed over time due to erosion and scarring and the patient started intermittent catheterization, because spontaneous micturition was not possible. The magnet was broken, the bladder neck was eroded, several fragments were found in the bladder, and numerous fragments were scattered throughout the small pelvis. Surgery consisted of removing most of the fragments, followed by bladder neck closure and suprapubic diversion.

  5. Comparison of TOT and TVT in Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylan Mit

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To compare the continence results and complications of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT and transobturator tape (TOT procedures. Material and Method: Sixty two urinary incontinence patients; (37 were stress urinary incontinence and 25 were mixed incontinence underwent TVT or TOT. The clinic-pathologic parameters of the patients, perioperative and postoperative complications and outcome in terms of continence and quality of life were compared. Results: TOT and TVT were performed on % 50 of the patients respectively. An objective cure rate in patients who underwent TOT was observed in 74% of cases, an objective improvement in 26% of cases. 11 of the patients had dysuria, 10 of them had suprapubic pain. An objective cure rate in patients who underwent TVT was observed in 90% of cases, an objective improvement in 8% of cases. A de novo urge incontinence presented in 2 patients. The quality of life improved in 93,5% of cases. In terms of continence results and quality of life, there was no significant difference between the procedures. The complication rate was higher with the TVT procedure when compared to that of the TOT procedure. Discussion: TOT procedure in short terms, performs similar operational success with the TVT procedure. Operational time; in consideration of the cystoscopy time, can be an advantage compared to the TVT procedure. If the operation includes anterior colporrhaphy, the success of both procedures reduces.

  6. Polyacrylamide Hydrogel (Bulkamid in Female Patients of 80 or More Years with Urinary Incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Vecchioli-Scaldazza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To assess the effectiveness of polyacrylamide hydrogel (Bulkamid ® in injection therapy for urinary incontinence in women of 80 or more years. Materials and Methods: Twenty consecutive women mean age 84.5 (range 80-87 with stress or mixed urinary incontinence were enrolled in this prospective study. All subjects were evaluated at baseline and re-evaluated 7 days, 6,12,18 and 24 months after treatment. A detailed clinical evaluation, physical examination, daily pad count, urodynamic investigation and evaluation of urethral mobility by trans-labial ultrasound were performed. Results: A statistically significant decrease in the number of pads was observed in the follow-up (p = 0.0002 after 24 months. Physical examination showed a statistically significant lack or reduced lost of urine with stress test (p = 0.0163 after 24 months. Urodynamic findings showed an increase of Valsalva leak point pressure, maximum urethral closure pressure and functional length. Maximum flow and post void residual were respectively observed to be significantly reduced and increased only after 7 days from injection therapy. Quality of life (QoL assessed with the Incontinence Impact questionnaire short form (IIQ-7 showed a statistically significant improvement (p = 0.0001 after 24 months. Patient satisfaction assessed with the Visual Analogue Scale and Patient Global Impression of Improvement questionnaire respectively produced evaluation of “satisfied” and “much improved” even after 24 months. Conclusions: Polyacrylamide hydrogel (Bulkamid® is an effective treatment with low morbility in patients of 80 or more years.

  7. Medical management of male and female cats with nonobstructive lower urinary tract disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, C A; Polzin, D J; Klausner, J S; Kruger, J M

    1984-05-01

    This case is typical of recurrent urolithiasis managed by repeated surgery. Retrospective assessment of the disorder indicates the need for quantitative analyses of uroliths removed by cystotomy. Compliance of the owners with recommendations to minimize recurrent urolithiasis might have been beneficial. Results of medical therapy designed to induce dissolution of uroliths in this case are representative of preliminary findings of medical dissolution of naturally occurring struvite uroliths in ten other cats. It is of interest that the uroliths dissolved even though no effort was made to induce diuresis. The underlying cause of UTI in this patient may have been damage to the lower urinary tract induced by previous diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and/or sterile struvite uroliths that compromised local host defense mechanisms. Lack of urease production by the uropathogens suggests that they did not play a causative role in formation of uroliths. The need for preventative therapy of recurrent formation of uroliths after their medical dissolution is worthy of further comment. In this patient, specific measures to prevent urolith recurrence were not initiated because it is a part of a prospective clinical study. In the event uroliths recur, medical therapy designed to induce dissolution of uroliths would be repeated. Need for long-term preventative therapy would be dependent on the time interval between recurrent episodes (weeks, months, or years), and the effectiveness of medical therapy for urolith dissolution. Long-term prophylactic therapy would include urine acidifiers and diets low in magnesium.

  8. Safyreä: a readjustable minimally invasive sling for female urinary stress incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palma Paulo C.R

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: SAFYREä is a readjustable and minimally invasive sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI. It is as a pubovaginal sling placed in the medial third of the urethra. The initial experience is described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients (mean age = 59 years underwent a SAFYREä implant to treat SUI. Physical examination and urodynamic study were performed before surgery. All patients presented symptoms of SUI and 20% also reported mild urgency. Approximately 60% of this group had a previously failed anti-incontinence procedure. Urethral hypermobility was diagnosed in 40% of the patients and intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD in 60% of the cases. RESULTS: The average follow up period was 10 months. The mean operative time was 20 minutes. Dystopia repair was performed whenever necessary, during the same procedure. The average hospital stay was 24 hours. In 11% of the implants, bladder perforation occurred. During the postoperative period, 9 patients (20% developed transient urgency symptoms. During the initial follow up period, 90% were found to be continent, 3% reported an improvement and 7% were unchanged. CONCLUSION: SAFYREä is a safe and quick procedure that allows postoperative readjustment. This technique may be an attractive alternative in the management of SUI, should the good result obtained so far prove to be long lasting.

  9. Efficacy and postoperative complication of tension-free vaginal tape-Secur for female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ying-he; WANG Yi-jun; LI Fei-ping; WANG Qian

    2011-01-01

    Background As the third-generation tension-free tape for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), tension-free vaginal tape (TVT)-Secur has decreased the common complications associated with TVT and tension-free vaginal tape-transobturator (TVT-O), such as bladder perforation and obstruction of the bladder outlet; but its efficacy and persistence were still controversial. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare the postoperative efficacy and complication at different follow-up time.Methods Patients with SUI, who underwent lVT-Secur treatment in two hospitals from October 2008 to October 2009,were selected. By analyzing preoperative and intraoperative data and postoperative complications, the therapeutic effect and satisfaction at different follow-up stages were evaluated.Results A total of 30 female patients participated in this study. Patients were scheduled for follow-up at the 1st month,3rd month, 6th month and 12th month, while the cure rate was 83.3% (25 patients), 66.7% (20 patients), 63.3% (19patients) and 60.0% (18 patients) respectively and the overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms appeared in 11 patients (36.7%), 10 patients (33.3%), 6 patients (20%) and 7 patients (23.3%) respectively.Conclusion With the follow-up time becoming longer, TVT-Secur has a high recurrence rate of SUI, the therapeutic effect from the 3rd month to the 12th month is relatively persistent.

  10. Management of male and female neurogenic stress urinary incontinence in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients using adjustable continence therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammirati, Enrico; Manassero, Alberto; Giammò, Alessandro; Carone, Roberto

    2017-08-01

    Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is an option for the treatment of neurogenic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI), but complications and re-operation rates are high, and there is no clear indication from guidelines (1). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a less invasive continence device in neurogenic population: Adjustable Continence Therapy ProACT/ACT®. We retrospectively includedpatients with spinal cord injuries in this study, complaining of nSUI and treated at our Institution with Pro-ACT/ACT® implantation. Diagnosis of nSUI was achieved with clinical history data collection and video-urodynamic testing. We treated 13 males and 3 females by proACT/ACT device, mean age 47.5 years (range 27-71). Fifteen implantations were performed bilaterally under spinal anesthesia and under fluoroscopic control; in one male patient, only the right balloon was implanted. Mean refilling number was 2.8 (range 0-6), and mean final volume was 3.6 ml. No patient reported any perioperative complications according to Clavien-Dindo. Follow-up was 37 months (range 7-156). Five patients (31%) underwent device explantation for deflate in one case, erosion or migration in three cases (18%), and infection in one case. About 43.75% of patients were dry and 18.75% improved more than 50% their urine loss, 37.5% of patients improved less than 50%, and no one reported worsening of incontinence. Implantation of proACT/ACT® device is safe and a minimally invasive procedure also in neurological patients, with a relative low rate of intra and postoperative complications. Efficacy is good, although slightly lower than the results in non-neurological patients.

  11. Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in a Female Child With Polydactyly and a Pelvic Mass: Consider the McKusick-Kaufman Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Ahmed; Hellig, Julian; Mahomed, Nasreen; Lambie, Lindsay

    2017-01-30

    A 3-year-old female child presented with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections. On general examination, polydactyly and a pelvic mass were present. An imperforate hymen was also documented on vaginal inspection. Further inquiry, revealed a positive history of parental consanguinity. A magnetic resonance imaging study defined a hydrometrocolpos responsible for an obstructive cause of the recurrent urinary tract infections. In view of the above, a diagnosis of McKusick-Kaufman syndrome was made. Formal surgical repair of the imperforate hymen with hydrometrocolpos drainage resulted in complete symptom resolution. McKusick-Kaufman syndrome, its presentation, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and underlying genetics were further expanded.

  12. Canine Parvovirus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as a way to limit spread of canine parvovirus infection as well as other diseases that can ... Although this brochure provides basic information about canine parvovirus, your veterinarian is always your best source of ...

  13. Outpatient surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence under local anesthesia-sedation with contrasure needleless incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navalón, V; Navalón, P; Pallás, Y; Ordoño, F; Monllor, E

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the results obtained from out-patient surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with the use of trans-obturator tape (TOT) of a single Contrasure-Needleless incision (Neomedic-International). We performed an intervention with local anesthesia-sedation in outpatient regime between January 2007 to December 2011 on 96 patients affected by SUI using the placement of Needleless tension-free suburethral sling. Inclusion and discharge criteria and the results obtained as well as satisfaction grade were evaluated by a questionnaire. All the patients underwent a stress test, urodynamic study and quality of life questionnaire (ICIQ-SF) prior to and at least 3 months after the intervention. Tolerance to the procedure was good. Surgical time was less than 10 minutes and stay in the hospital up to discharge less than 2hours. The results obtained are superimposable to those reached with epidural anesthesia and hospitalization, the grade of satisfactions with the treatment received being superior to 90%. Almost all of the patients affected are candidates for inclusion in an outpatient surgery program. This noticeably improves the cost-efficacy ratio, without decreasing the health care or grade of satisfaction. Furthermore, the Contasure-Needleless system fulfills the criteria for minimally invasive surgery, providing better stability of the sling than the third generation "minibands" due to the greater length of the mesh and less post-operative pain regarding the conventional TOT as no cutaneous incisions are required. Copyright © 2012 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Optical clearing of vaginal tissues, ex vivo, for minimally invasive laser treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chun-Hung; Myers, Erinn M.; Kennelly, Michael J.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2017-01-01

    Near-infrared laser energy in conjunction with applied tissue cooling is being investigated for thermal remodeling of the endopelvic fascia during minimally invasive treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. Previous computer simulations of light transport, heat transfer, and tissue thermal damage have shown that a transvaginal approach is more feasible than a transurethral approach. However, results were suboptimal, and some undesirable thermal insult to the vaginal wall was still predicted. This study uses experiments and computer simulations to explore whether application of an optical clearing agent (OCA) can further improve optical penetration depth and completely preserve the vaginal wall during subsurface treatment of the endopelvic fascia. Several different mixtures of OCA's were tested, and 100% glycerol was found to be the optimal agent. Optical transmission studies, optical coherence tomography, reflection spectroscopy, and computer simulations [including Monte Carlo (MC) light transport, heat transfer, and Arrhenius integral model of thermal damage] using glycerol were performed. The OCA produced a 61% increase in optical transmission through porcine vaginal wall at 37°C after 30 min. The MC model showed improved energy deposition in endopelvic fascia using glycerol. Without OCA, 62%, 37%, and 1% of energy was deposited in vaginal wall, endopelvic fascia, and urethral wall, respectively, compared with 50%, 49%, and 1% using OCA. Use of OCA also resulted in 0.5-mm increase in treatment depth, allowing potential thermal tissue remodeling at a depth of 3 mm with complete preservation of the vaginal wall.

  15. [Pelvic floor rehabilitation as treatment of female urinary incontinence. Our experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastio, N; Ferri, E; Meli, S; Simonazzi, M; Incarbone, G P; Cortellini, P

    2000-01-01

    We refer herein on a simple program of rehabilitation that may be a first approach the treatment of, U.S.I. In our urodynamic service, we treated 38 female patients, affected by this condition, aged between 37-73 years. The same procedure was applied to all the patients, consisting of 10 seances twice weekly, during which we subjected the patients to biofeedback and vaginal electrostimulation of 50 Hz frequency. The results after 3 months were: 38% restored to normal, 51% improved, 11% unchanged; after 1 year were: 27% restored to normal, 49% improved, the remaining unchanged. As a whole, perineal rehabilitation by this technique can be curative in selected cases and, should it be necessary, can be repeated; its advantages are simplicity, low cost and lack of collateral effects. Motivation and compliance on the part of the patients are, anyhow, the chief factor of success. Moreover, the procedure does not preclude alternative treatments. It is suitable to chose cases where surgery is not so, or else is ill-accepted or has failed.

  16. Medical dissolution of canine struvite uroliths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, C A; Polzin, D J; Kruger, J M; Abdullahi, S U; Leininger, J R; Griffith, D P

    1986-03-01

    Medical therapy is an effective method of canine struvite urolith dissolution. Recommendations include (1) eradication or control of urinary tract infection (if present), (2) use of calculolytic diets, and (3) administration of urease inhibitors to patients with persistent urinary tract infection caused by urease-producing microbes.

  17. Patient Characteristics Impacting Health State Index Scores, Measured by the EQ-5D of Females with Stress Urinary Incontinence Symptoms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tincello, Douglas; Sculpher, Mark; Tunn, Ralf; Quail, Deborah; van der Vaart, Huub; Falconer, Christian; Manning, Martina; Timlin, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To describe the characteristics of women seeking treatment for symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to investigate the association of SUI symptoms with generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by the EuroQol (EQ-5D) instrument. Methods: The Stress Urinary In

  18. Patient Characteristics Impacting Health State Index Scores, Measured by the EQ-5D of Females with Stress Urinary Incontinence Symptoms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tincello, Douglas; Sculpher, Mark; Tunn, Ralf; Quail, Deborah; van der Vaart, Huub; Falconer, Christian; Manning, Martina; Timlin, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To describe the characteristics of women seeking treatment for symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to investigate the association of SUI symptoms with generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by the EuroQol (EQ-5D) instrument. Methods: The Stress Urinary In

  19. Transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation using perineal vibration: a novel method for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønksen, Jens; Ohl, Dana A; Bonde, Birthe;

    2007-01-01

    We defined basic guidelines for transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in modifying pelvic floor responses in women and determined the efficacy of transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in treating stress urinary incontinence.......We defined basic guidelines for transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in modifying pelvic floor responses in women and determined the efficacy of transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in treating stress urinary incontinence....

  20. Efficacy of the TOT surgery for female stress urinary incontinence%TOT手术在治疗女性SUI中的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波; 干宁; 郑贤芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of TOT for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence(SUI). Methods:23 patients with TOT in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence,a comparative analysis of Qmax score,ICI-Q-SF score and residual urine detection were analyzed. Results:the patients were followed up for 12-36 months,all were cured,no failure case;there are statistically significant ICI-Q-SF scores and Qmax score. Conclusion:the operation of TOT)is effective and safe in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence with minimally invasive,satisfaction,and has im-portant significance to improve the quality of life of patients with stress urinary incontinence.%目的:探讨经闭孔尿道中段悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的有效性和安全性。方法:采用TOT方法治疗女性压力性尿失禁患者23例,对比分析术前术后ICI-Q-SF评分、最大尿流率、残余尿检测等临床指标进行分析。结果:术后患者随访12-36月,均治愈,无失败病例;其中手术前后ICI-Q-SF评分、尿动力学检查差异有统计学意义。结论:经闭孔尿道中段无张力悬吊术(TOT)治疗女性压力性尿失禁安全、微创、效果满意,对改善压力性尿失禁患者生活质量具有重要意义。

  1. Transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation using perineal vibration: a novel method for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønksen, Jens; Ohl, Dana A; Bonde, Birthe

    2007-01-01

    We defined basic guidelines for transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in modifying pelvic floor responses in women and determined the efficacy of transcutaneous mechanical nerve stimulation in treating stress urinary incontinence....

  2. 羞耻感对社区女性尿失禁患者求医态度的影响%The impact of shame on Help Seeking Attitude of Female Urinary Incontinence Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琼芳; 李春梅; 余黎静; 苏红侠

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To determine the impact of shame on Help Seeking Attitude of female Urinary Incontinence patients. Methods: A total of 232 female urinary incontinence patients were recruited from ifve community hospitals in Wenzhou by convenience sampling method. They were investigated with Urinary Incontinence knowledge questionnaire, Help Seeking Attitude Scale of Female Urinary Incontinence patients, and Shame Experience Scale. The relationship between shame and Help Seeking Attitude of Female Urinary Incontinence patients was analyzed. Results: The total score of Help Seeking Attitude of Female Urinary Incontinence patients was (31.88±3.79). There were signiifcant negative correlations between score of shame of female Urinary Incontinence patients and Help Seeking Attitude. Regression analysis showed that the factor scores of shame of female Urinary Incontinence patients such as behavioral shame and family shame could independently explain 30.7% of the variance for Help Seeking Attitude after controlling demographic variables. Conclusion: Clinical medical staff should focus on the shortcomings of Help Seeking Attitude of female Urinary Incontinence patients, and take effective measures to reduce shame of female Urinary Incontinence patients to improve the Help Seeking Attitude of female Urinary Incontinence patients.%目的:调查羞耻感对社区女性尿失禁患者求医态度的影响。方法:采用便利抽样法抽取温州市5所社区医院的女性尿失禁患者232名进行问卷调查,了解女性尿失禁患者羞耻感和求医态度的现状,并探讨两者之间的关系。结果:社区女性尿失禁患者的求医态度总分为(31.88±3.79)分,女性尿失禁患者的羞耻感与其求医态度呈负相关,回归分析显示,控制人口学变量之后,行为羞耻、家庭羞耻共可以解释女性尿失禁患者求医态度的30.7%。结论:临床医护工作者应重视女性尿失禁患者求医态度的现状,制

  3. Group versus individual sessions delivered by a physiotherapist for female urinary incontinence: an interview study with women attending group sessions nested within a randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Jan

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to explore the concerns and expectations of women invited to attend group physiotherapy sessions for the management of female urinary incontinence and whether the experience changed their views; and to gather recommendations from women attending group sessions on the design and delivery of these sessions Methods An interview study nested within a randomised controlled trial in five British NHS physiotherapy departments, including 22 women who had expressed a preference for an individual physiotherapy session but were randomised to, and attended, group sessions. Results Embarrassment was woven throughout women's accounts of experiencing urinary incontinence and seeking health care. Uncertainty about the nature of group sessions was a source of concern. Attending the first session was seen as a big hurdle by many women. However, a sense of relief was common once the session started, with most women describing some benefit from attendance. Recommendations for design and delivery of the sessions from women focused on reducing embarrassment and uncertainty prior to attendance. Conclusion Taking account of women's embarrassment and providing detailed information about the content of group sessions will enable women to benefit from group physiotherapy sessions for the management of female urinary incontinence. Trial Registration Trial registration number: ISRCTN 16772662

  4. Inside out transobturator vaginal tape versus tention-free vaginal tape for primary female stress urinary incontinence:meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Ya-fei; GAO Guo-lan; HE Lin-sheng; TANG Jun; CHEN Qin-ke

    2012-01-01

    Background Inside out transobturator vaginal tape (TVT-O) and tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) are predominant surgical treatments for female stress urinary incontinence.This meta-analysis evaluated the complications and cure rates of TVT-O versus TVT.@@Methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted according to the Cochrane Collaboration methodology to identify randomized controlled clinical trials with no language restriction.Two authors independently assessed papers for eligibility and methodological quality.Estimates were measured by relative risk with 95% confidence intervals.Outcome measures were objective cure,subjective cure and complications.Quality rating for each outcome of the meta-analysis and recommendations were performed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment,Development,and Evaluation (GRADE) system.@@Results Twenty randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria,and a pooled estimate of effectiveness and complications was made.Relative risks with 95% confidence intervals for pooled effects under the fixed effects model were:0.20 (0.09-0.45),for bladder injury,0.37 (0.16-0.86) for hematoma,and 2.35 (1.57-3.51) for postoperative pain,suggesting an 80% risk reduction of bladder injury,63% risk reduction of hematoma,and a 1.35% risk elevation for postoperative pain with TVT-O.There was no significant difference between complications of urinary tract infection 1.14 (0.78-1.65),lower urinary tract symptoms 1.60 (0.67-3.79),recatheterization 0.93 (0.59-1.44),and tape erosion 0.90 (0.48-1.67),total objective cure rate 1.06 (0.39-2.84) and for the subjective cure rate 0.98 (0.93-1.04).The quality rating for each outcome and recommendations was high for objective cure,bladder injury,hematoma,lower urinary tract symptoms,and tape erosion and moderate for subjective cure,pain,and urinary tract infection.@@Conclusions TVT-O is associated with a reduced risk of bladder injury and hematoma and an elevated risk of postoperative

  5. 女性压力性尿失禁的流行病学研究%Epidemiological research on female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋岩峰

    2004-01-01

    背景:女性压力性尿失禁的患病率随着年龄的增加而增加,患病率各国调查研究很不一致.国内尿失禁流行病学研究较少,定义、诊断标准和设计不尽一致.目的:对女性压力性尿失禁进行流行病学调查,为女性尿失禁的各方面研究提供准确资料.设计:女性尿失禁流行病学研究,综述性文献.对象和方法:分析患有压力性尿失禁的各国妇女流行病学调查资料.主要观察指标:女性压力性尿失禁的发病率、发病的相关因素及生活质量的评估.结果:尿失禁患病率与尿失禁的定义不同有关.调查方法的不同也影响患病率的结果,单纯问卷调查患病率高于问卷结合体检患病率.结论:尿失禁的发病与年龄、性别、分娩、肥胖、绝经等多种因素有关,严重尿失禁患者影响生活质量.%BACKGROUND: The morbidity of stress urinary incontinence in women increases with the advance of age. The prevalence rate is different from countryto country. There are few researches being conducted on urinary incontinencein China so that there is no uniform definition, diagnostic standard and design.OBJECTIVE: To carry ont epidemiological investigation on female stressurinary incontinence in order to provide accurate information for further research on it.DESIGN: Epidemiological investigation on female stress urinary incontinence; literature review.PARTICIPANTS and INTERVENTIONS: The epidemiological researchdata on women suffering from stress urinary incontinence of different countries were analyzed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Morbidity of female stress urinary incontinence; relevant factors; assessment of quality of life (QOL).RESULTS: The prevalence rate of urinary incontinence is related to thedifferent definition of it. The investigation methods also influence the morbidity. The prevalence rate drew from simple questionnaire is much higherthan that drawing from combining questionnaire and physical examination

  6. Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli from canine urinary tract infections tend to have commensal phylotypes, lower prevalence of virulence determinants and ampC-replicons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Samuel; Gally, David L; Argyle, Sally A

    2014-03-14

    Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli is an emerging clinical challenge in domestic species. Treatment options in many cases are limited. This study characterized MDR E. coli isolates from urinary tract infections in dogs, collected between 2002 and 2011. Isolates were evaluated in terms of β-lactamase production, phylogenetic group, ST type, replicon type and virulence marker profile. Comparisons were made with antibiotic susceptible isolates also collected from dogs with urinary tract infections. AmpC β-lactamase was produced in 67% of the MDR isolates (12/18). Of these, 8 could be specifically attributed to the CMY-2 gene. None of the isolates tested in either group expressed ESBLs. Phylo-group distribution was as expected in the susceptible isolates, with an over representation of the pathogenic B2 phylo-group (67%). In contrast, the phylogenetic background for the MDR group was mixed, with representation of commensal phylo-groups A and B1. The B2 phylo-group represented the smallest proportion (A, B1, B2 or D was 28%, 22%, 11% and 33%, respectively). Virulence marker profiles, evaluated using Identibac(®) microarray, discriminated between the two groups. Marker sequences for a core panel of virulence determinants were identified in most of the susceptible isolates, but not in most of the MDR isolates. These findings indicate that for MDR isolates, plasmid-mediated AmpC is an important resistance mechanism, and while still capable of causing clinical disease, there is evidence for a shift towards phylogenetic groups of reduced inferred virulence potential. There was no evidence of zoonotic potential in either the susceptible or MDR urinary tract isolates in this study. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Urinary gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) as a marker of tubular proteinuria in dogs with canine leishmaniasis, using sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) electrophoresis as a reference method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibba, F; Mangiagalli, G; Paltrinieri, S

    2016-04-01

    In order to assess if urinary γ- glutamyl transferase (GGT) identify tubular proteinuria in leishmaniotic dogs, the GGT/urinary creatinine (UC) ratio was calculated in 39 leishmaniotic dogs. According to sodium dodecylsulphate-agarose gel electrophoresis, the dogs had albuminuria (A, n = 10), glomerular (G, n = 3), tubular (T, n = 4) or mixed proteinuria (M, n = 22). The median GGT/UC ratio was 0.3, 0.3, 2.2, and 7.5, in groups G, A, M, and T, respectively. Statistically significant differences were found between groups G and M (P = 0.002), G and T (P proteinuria (M/T, 2.5) than in dogs without tubular components of proteinuria (A/G, 0.3), and in dogs with tubular proteinuria (T, 7.5) than in dogs with non-tubular proteinuria (NT, 1.0). GGT/UC values >0.81 or >2.64 could identify dogs in the M/T or T groups, respectively. Therefore, GGT/UC might be useful for the management of leishmaniotic dogs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Increased expression of interleukin (IL-6 family members and receptors in urinary bladder with cyclophosphamide (CYP-induced bladder inflammation in female rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice eGirard

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies suggest that JAK-STAT signaling pathways contribute to increased voiding frequency and referred pain of CYP-induced cystitis in rats. Potential upstream chemical mediator(s that may be activated by CYP-induced cystitis to stimulate JAK/STAT signaling are not known in detail. In these studies, members of the interleukin (IL-6 family of cytokines including, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF, IL-6 and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF and associated receptors, IL-6 receptor (R α, LIFR and gp130 were examined in the urinary bladder in control and CYP-treated rats. Cytokine and receptor transcript and protein expression and distribution were determined in urinary bladder after cyclophosphamide (CYP-induced cystitis using quantitative, real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Acute (4 hr; 150 mg/kg; i.p., intermediate (48 hr; 150 mg/kg; i.p. or chronic (75 mg/kg; i.p., once every 3 days for 10 days cystitis was induced in adult, female Wistar rats with CYP treatment. Q-PCR analyses revealed significant (p ≤ 0.01 CYP duration- and tissue- (e.g., urothelium, detrusor dependent increases in LIF, IL-6, IL-6Rα, LIFR and gp130 mRNA expression. Western blotting demonstrated significant (p ≤ 0.01 increases in IL-6, LIF and gp130 protein expression in whole urinary bladder with CYP treatment. CYP-induced cystitis significantly (p ≤ 0.01 increased LIF-immunoreactivity (IR in urothelium, detrusor, and suburothelial plexus whereas increased gp130-IR was only observed in urothelium and detrusor. These studies suggest that IL-6 and LIF may be potential upstream chemical mediators that activate JAK/STAT signaling in urinary bladder pathways.

  9. Canine Distemper

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... infects wild canids (e.g. foxes, wolves, coyotes), raccoons, skunks, and ferrets. How is Canine Distemper virus ... dogs should always be avoided. Similarly, contact with raccoons, foxes, skunks, and other potentially infected wildlife should ...

  10. Canine pyometra

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Melanie HAAS; Franz-Josef KAUP; Stephan NEUMANN

    2016-01-01

    .... Thus, we used naturally occurring canine pyometra as a model of inflammation, in order to examine the behavior of serum CXCL8 in relation to the disease intensity and commonly analyzed inflammatory mediators...

  11. Estrous cycle dependent fluctuations of regulatory neuropeptides in the lower urinary tract of female rats upon colon-bladder cross-sensitization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Qing Pan

    Full Text Available Co-morbidity of bladder, bowel, and non-specific pelvic pain symptoms is highly prevalent in women. Little evidence is present on modulation of pelvic pain syndromes by sex hormones, therefore, the objective of this study was to clarify the effects of hormonal fluctuations within the estrous cycle on regulatory neuropeptides in female rats using a model of neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The estrous cycle in female rats (Sprague-Dawley, 230-250 g was assessed by vaginal smears and weight of uterine horns. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction was induced by a single inflammatory insult to the distal colon. Protein expression of calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP, substance P (SP, nerve growth factor (NGF, and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF in the pelvic organs, sensory ganglia and lumbosacral spinal cord was compared in rats in proestrus (high estrogen vs diestrus (low estrogen. Under normal physiological conditions, concentration of SP and CGRP was similar in the distal colon and urinary bladder during all phases of the estrous cycle, however, acute colitis induced a significant up-regulation of CGRP content in the colon (by 63% and urinary bladder (by 54%, p≤0.05 to control of rats in proestrus. These changes were accompanied by a significant diminution of CGRP content in L6-S2 DRG after colonic treatment, likely associated with its release in the periphery. In rats with high estrogen at the time of testing (proestrus, experimental colitis caused a significant up-regulation of BDNF colonic content from 26.1±8.5 pg/ml to 83.4±32.5 pg/ml (N = 7, p≤0.05 to control and also induced similar effects on BDNF in the urinary bladder which was also up-regulated by 5-fold in rats in proestrus (p≤0.05 to respective control. Our results demonstrate estrous cycle dependent fluctuations of regulatory neuropeptides in the lower urinary tract upon colon-bladder cross-sensitization, which may contribute to pain fluctuations in female patients

  12. Serum Testosterone Concentrations and Urinary Bisphenol A, Benzophenone-3, Triclosan, and Paraben Levels in Male and Female Children and Adolescents: NHANES 2011–2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scinicariello, Franco; Buser, Melanie C.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Exposure to environmental phenols (e.g., bisphenol A, benzophenone-3, and triclosan) and parabens is widespread in the population. Many of these chemicals have been shown to have anti-androgenic effects both in vitro and in vivo. Objective: We examined the association of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), triclosan (TCS), and parabens with serum total testosterone (TT) levels in child and adolescent participants (ages 6–19 years) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011–2012. Methods: We performed multivariable linear regression to estimate associations between natural log–transformed serum TT and quartiles of urinary BPA, BP-3, TCS, and parabens in male and female children (ages 6–11 years) and adolescents (ages 12–19 years). Results: BP-3 and BPA were associated with significantly lower TT in male adolescents, and BPA was associated with significantly higher TT in female adolescents. TT was not consistently associated with TCS or total parabens in children or adolescents of either sex. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association of both BP-3 and BPA with serum TT in adolescents. Associations between BPA and TT differed according to sex in adolescents, with inverse associations in boys and positive associations in girls. BP-3 was associated with significantly lower TT in adolescent boys only. However, because of the limitations inherent to the cross-sectional study design, further studies are needed to confirm and elucidate on our findings. Citation: Scinicariello F, Buser MC. 2016. Serum testosterone concentrations and urinary bisphenol A, benzophenone-3, triclosan, and paraben levels in male and female children and adolescents: NHANES 2011–2012. Environ Health Perspect 124:1898–1904; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP150 PMID:27383665

  13. Canine gastritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Craig; Twedt, David C

    2003-09-01

    Gastritis--inflammation of the stomach--is a frequently cited differential yet rarely characterized diagnosis in cases of canine anorexia and vomiting. Although the list of rule-outs for acute or chronic gastritis is extensive, a review of the veterinary literature reveals fewer than 15 articles that have focused on clinical cases of canine gastritis over the last 25 years. The dog frequently appears in the human literature as an experimentally manipulated model for the study of endoscopic techniques or the effect of medications on gastric mucosa. In the veterinary patient, cases of acute gastritis are rarely pursued with the complete diagnostic armamentarium, and cases of chronic gastritis are rarely found to occur as an entity isolated from the rest of the gastrointestinal tract. This article focuses on those findings most clinically relevant to cases of canine gastritis in veterinary medicine.

  14. Association of urodynamic findings in new onset multiple sclerosis with subsequent occurrence of urinary symptoms and acute episode of disease in females

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhad Tadayyon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the study was to determine the relative frequency of abnormal urodynamic findings in new multiple sclerosis (MS cases without micturition complaints and to find its correlation with the number of MS plaques on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, urinary tract involvement and the number of disease episodes. Methods : In this prospective study, 50 new female case of multiple sclerosis were enrolled. Age, urodynamic findings, micturition complaints and number of plaques on MRI were recorded on admission. Occurrence of urinary symptoms and number of episodes of the disease were recorded every three months during one-year follow-up. Results : The mean patients′ age was 32.4 ± 7.2 years and all patients were female. Of the 50 patients, 19 (38% had a normal urodynamic test and 31 (62% had abnormal urodynamic findings at the beginning of the study. The occurrence of micturition complaints during follow-up in patients with abnormal urodynamic findings (94% was significantly higher (p < 0.0001 than patients with normal urodynamic findings (37%. In addition, the number of plaques on MRI at the beginning of the study in patients with abnormal urodynamic finding was significantly higher (p < 0.004 compared to patients with a normal urodynamic study. The number of episodes during follow-up was not statistically different between patients with normal and abnormal urodynamic findings (p = 0.46. Conclusions : According to this study, 62% of all new MS patients had an abnormal urodynamic test. This is a considerable proportion of patients and it seems urodynamic studies can be used when MS is first diagnosed.

  15. Prognostic markers of canine pyometra

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Sant'Anna; Giordano,L.G.P.; Flaiban,K.K.M.C.; E.E. Muller; M.I.M. Martins

    2014-01-01

    The pyometra is a disease that affects middle age and elderly female dogs during diestrus. Hormonal, microbiological, biochemical and hematological aspects are well described. However, few studies have evaluated the role of each in the prognosis of canine pyometra. The aim of this study was to identify markers associated with clinical worsening of dogs with pyometra. We prospectively evaluated 80 dogs with pyometra tre...

  16. DIMETHYLARSINIC ACID ALTERS EXPRESSION OF OXIDATIVE STRESS AND DNA REPAIR GENES IN A DOSE DEPENDENT MANNER IN THE TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM OF THE URINARY BLADDER FROM FEMALE F344 RATS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dose-dependent alteration of oxidative stress and DNA repair gene expression by Dimethylarsinic acid [DMA(V)] in transitional epithelium of urinary bladder from female F344 rats.Arsenic (As) is a major concern as millions of people are at risk from drinking arsenic contaminat...

  17. A epidemiological survey on female urinary incontinence in urban areas in Guangzhou%广州城区女性尿失禁的流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范保维; 陈伟芳; 张秀; 黄晓晖; 罗喜平; 谢芳; 江雪芳

    2011-01-01

    目的:调查广州城区职工女性尿失禁的患病率、患病特点和相关影响因素。方法:对广州城区内8个单位的20岁以上成年女性共2 500人在妇科普查同时进行尿失禁症状现场调查,从20岁起每10岁为1个年龄段,分为6组。结果:共获得资料完整问卷2 480份,女性尿失禁的患病率为27.34%(678/2 480),压力性尿失禁、急迫性尿失禁和混合性尿失禁的患病率分别为16.01%(397/2 480)、2.98%(74/2 480)和8.35%(207/2 480)。随着年龄的增长,混合性尿失禁患病率增加。轻度尿失禁占84.96%(576/678),中重度占15.04%(102/678),>40岁占95.10%(97/102)。多因素Logistic回归表明年龄、阴道分娩、子宫及阴道壁膨出、肥胖、便秘和慢性咳嗽等是尿失禁发生的影响因素。结论:广州城区女职工尿失禁以轻度压力性尿失禁为主,随着年龄增大,中重度尿失禁发病增加,阴道分娩是尿失禁发生的重要影响因素。%Objective: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics and related effect factors of female urinary incontinence in urban areas in Guangzhou. Methods: 2 500 women more than 20 years from 8 units of urban areas in Guangzhou received gynecological general investigation and field investigation of female urinary incontinence, every 10 years was designed as a unit from 20 years old, then the women were divided into 6 groups. Results; 2 480 women with intact data were included in the study, the prevalence of female urinary incontinence was 27. 34% (678/2 480), the prevalences of stress urinary incontinence, urgent urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence were 16.01% (397/2 480) , 2.98% (74/2 480) and 8. 35% (207/2 480), respectively. The prevalence of mixed urinary incontinence increased with age. The proportions of mild urinary incontinence and moderate - to - severe urinary incontinence were 84. 96% (576/678 ) and 15.04% ( 102/678) , respectively, and the proportion of patients >40

  18. 组织工程重建修复犬膀胱后对上尿路的影响%Effects of tissue engineering bladder reconstruction in canines on upper urinary tract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宇; 陈伟; 贾维胜; 马超; 侯祥麟; 戴建武; 叶钢

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze and evaluate the effects of the tissue engineering bladder reconstruction on the upper urinary tract structure and function.Methods The 8 male beagles were randomly divided into the two groups:sham-operation group (group A,n=4)and the collagen scaffold repair group (group B,n=4).The bladder defect animal model was established in the group B by using the collagen scaffold materials to repair the bladder.The renal function related biochemical indicators were detec-ted and the renal Doppler ultrasonic examination was performed in each group before repair and in 23 weeks after repair.The speci-mens from the two groups were performed the gross morphology observation and the histology examination on postoperative 24 weeks.Results The renal Doppler ultrasound examination showed the normal kidney morphology and normal blood flow signal.In the general observation,no calculi and neoplasm were found in the kidney and ureter of the experimental dogs.The renal function related biochemical indicators had no statistically significant differences between the two groups(P>0.05).The histological exami-nation indicated that the organization structure was integrity,the nephrons in each group had no obvious pathological changes.Con-clusion Using the collagen scaffold materials to reconstruct the canine bladder has no adverse influence on the upper urinary tract structure and function,this tissue engineering approach has good feasibility.%目的:组织工程技术重建膀胱后对上尿路结构及功能影响的分析和评估。方法将8只雄性比格犬随机分为两组:假手术对照组(A组)4只,胶原支架修复组(B组)4只,建立B组膀胱缺损动物模型,利用胶原支架材料修复重建膀胱。两组于修复前及修复后23周行肾功能相关生化指标测定以及肾脏超声检查,术后24周行标本大体形态观察及组织学检查。结果肾脏超声检查两组动物肾脏形态、血流信号正常。大体

  19. Effect of castration on renal glycosaminoglycans and their urinary excretion in male and female rats with chronic renal failure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lemos, C.C.S. [Disciplina de Nefrologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Tovar, A.M.F. [Laboratório de Tecido Conjuntivo, Instituto de Bioquímica Médica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Guimarães, M.A.M. [Departamento de Patologia e Laboratórios, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Bregman, R. [Disciplina de Nefrologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2013-08-10

    Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) participate in a variety of processes in the kidney, and evidence suggests that gender-related hormones participate in renal function. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of GAGs, gender, and proteinuria in male and female rats with chronic renal failure (CRF). GAGs were analyzed in total kidney tissue and 24-h urine of castrated (c), male (M), and female (F) Wistar control (C) rats (CM, CMc, CF, CFc) and after 30 days of CRF induced by 5/6 nephrectomy (CRFM, CRFMc, CRFF, CRFFc). Total GAG quantification and composition were determined using agarose and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, respectively. Renal GAGs were higher in CF compared to CM. CRFM presented an increase in renal GAGs, heparan sulfate (HS), and proteinuria, while castration reduced these parameters. However, CRFF and CRFFc groups showed a decrease in renal GAGs concomitant with an increase in proteinuria. Our results suggest that, in CRFM, sex hormones quantitatively alter GAGs, mainly HS, and possibly the glomerular filtration barrier, leading to proteinuria. The lack of this response in CRFMc, where HS did not increase, corroborates this theory. This pattern was not observed in females. Further studies of CRF are needed to clarify gender-dependent differences in HS synthesis.

  20. Associations between Urinary Excretion of Cadmium and Renal Biomarkers in Nonsmoking Females: A Cross-Sectional Study in Rural Areas of South China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-rui Zhang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the relationship between urinary excretion of cadmium (U-Cd and biomarkers of renal dysfunction. Methods: One hundred eighty five non-smoking female farmers (aged from 44 to 71 years were recruited from two rural areas with different cadmium levels of exposure in southern China. Morning spot urine samples were collected for detecting U-Cd, urinary creatinine (U-cre, β2-microglobulin (β2-MG, α1-microglobulin (α1-MG, metallothionein (MT, retinol binding protein (RBP, albumin (AB, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1. Spearman’s rank correlation was carried out to assess pairwise bivariate associations between continuous variables. Three different models of multiple linear regression (the cre-corrected, un-corrected and cre-adjusted model were used to model the dose-response relationships between U-Cd and nine urine markers. Results: Spearman’s rank correlation showed that NAG, ALP, RBP, β2-MG and MT were significantly associated with U-Cd for both cre-corrected and observed data. Generally, NAG correlated best with U-Cd among the nine biomarkers studied, followed by ALP and MT. In the un-corrected model and cre-adjusted model, the regression coefficients and R2 of nine biomarkers were larger than the corresponding values in the cre-corrected model, indicating that the use of observed data was better for investigating the relationship between biomarkers and U-Cd than cre-corrected data. Conclusions: Our results suggest that NAG, MT and ALP in urine were better biomarkers for long-term environmental cadmium exposure assessment among the nine biomarkers studied. Further, data without normalization with creatinine show better relationships between cadmium exposure and renal dysfunction.

  1. Body mass index based evaluation of 6-year outcomes after transobturator tension-free vaginal tape for female urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvarcı, Ahmet; Gurbuz, Recai

    2017-02-03

    The long-term results will be presented according to the body mass index (BMI) rates for transobturator tension-free vaginal. Three hundred nineteen female patients were evaluated (2008-2014). Their incontinence was classified according to the Stamey classification. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short form was filled in before and after surgery. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse quantification system was utilized. The Female Sexual Function Index and the International Index of Erectile Functions were asked to be filled in. Their satisfaction level was assessed in the sixth year with the modified Clavien classification system. BMI cut-off points for public health action for the Asian population were adopted in the present study as follows: 18.5-23.0 kg/m2 (normal), 23.1-27.4 kg/m2 (high) and at least 27.5 kg/m2 (obese), respectively. The median success rate on the 12th month was calculated as 81.25% in the follow-ups after TOT; it was observed that the median success rate after 72 months decreased to 79.15%. Significant improvements were observed in the Female Sexual Function Index and the Index of Erectile Dysfunction. The objective cure rates detected according to normal, high and obese BMI rates, respectively, were 93.1%, 75.9% and 81.4%, while the patient satisfaction rates were 83.3%, 81.3% and 83.1%, respectively. It was observed that the objective and subjective patient satisfaction rates were very good in the long term in all BMI groups. No statistically significant differences were observed in perioperative complication rate, 6-year success rates and patient satisfaction among the three different BMI groups in the long term.

  2. Nonsurgical Outpatient Therapies for the Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Long-Term Effectiveness and Durability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Willy Davila

    2011-01-01

    Results. Thirty-two clinical trial reports were included. Prospective long-term studies of pelvic floor rehabilitation were limited but indicated significant improvements with treatment adherence for at least 12 months. Poor initial tolerability with duloxetine resulted in substantial discontinuation. Most patients receiving transurethral radiofrequency collagen denaturation or urethral bulking agents reported significant long-term improvements, generally good tolerability, and safety. Conclusions. Conservative therapy is an appropriate initial approach for female SUI, but if therapy fails, radiofrequency collagen denaturation or bulking agents may be an attractive intermediate management step or alternative to surgery.

  3. Urinary Incontinence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... It may begin around the time of menopause. Urgency urinary incontinence happens when people have a sudden need ... urinary incontinence is a mix of stress and urgency urinary incontinence. You may leak urine with a laugh ...

  4. Isolation of Candida spp from vaginal microbiota of healthy canine females during estrous cycle Isolamento de Candida spp da microbiota vaginal de fêmeas caninas hígidas durante o ciclo estral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlete Brum Cleff

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Yeasts are commensal organisms found in the skin, genital and gastrointestinal tracts, and other mucosa in mammalians. Candida spp has been frequently isolated from domestic and sylvan animals. Yeast isolation from vaginal mucus is frequent in women, especially of Candida genus. In canine females, however, studies about vaginal fungal microbiota are rare and the connection with estrous cycle is unknown. The purpose of this study was to isolate yeast 5 of Candida genus from healthy canine females and identify the isolated species, establishing their connection with estrous cycle phases. Two hundred twenty-four samples taken from vaginal mucus of 14 canine females were analyzed in this study. Candida spp was observed in 83 (37% from these samples; nine samples were taken in proestrus, 14 in oestrus, 31 in dioestrus, 24 in anoestrus and five samples were obtained during pregnancy. Candida parapsilosis the most frequently isolated specie (21.7%, followed by C. guillermondii (8.4%, C. kefir (6% and C. albicans (4.8%. We concluded that Candida spp is a commion component of healthy canine females' vaginal microbiota, and isolation varies according to the estrous cycle phase.As leveduras são organismos comensais da pele, trato genital e gastrointestinal, e de outras mucosas de mamíferos. O gênero Candida vem sendo isolado freqüentemente de animais domésticos e silvestres. O isolamento de Candida spp da mucosa vaginal de mulheres é freqüente, porém na espécie canina são escassos os estudos referentes à microbiota fúngica vaginal, especialmente do gênero candida, não se tendo conhecimento de sua relação com o ciclo reprodutivo. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo isolar leveduras do gênero Candida em fêmeas caninas hígidas e identificar as espécies isoladas, relacionando-as com as diferentes fases do ciclo estral. Foram analisadas 224 amostras obtidas da mucosa vaginal de 14 fêmeas caninas. Candida spp foi observada em 83 (37

  5. Epidemiological Survey on Female Urinary Incontinence in Shenzhen Luohu Community%深圳市罗湖区社区女性尿失禁流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婷; 陈晓红; 余咏宜; 林丽思; 丘青; 尤卫红

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查深圳市罗湖社区女性尿失禁的患病率、患病特点和相关影响因素。方法对罗湖20个社区健康服务中心20岁以上成年女性共1200人进行尿失禁问卷调查、妇科检查及盆底肌力测试。结果共获得资料完整问1130份,女性尿失禁的患病率为23.45%(265/1130),压力性尿失禁、急迫性尿失禁和混合性尿失禁的患病率分别为14.51%(164/1130)、6.46%(73/1130)和2.48%(28/1130)。轻度尿失禁占82.26%(218/265),中度占15.63%(40/265),重度2.7%(7/265)。多因素Logistic回归表明阴道分娩、子宫及阴道壁膨出、便秘和慢性咳嗽等是尿失禁发生的影响因素。结论深圳罗湖区社区女性尿失禁以轻度压力性尿失禁为主,阴道分娩是尿失禁发生的重要影响因素。%Objective To investigate the prevalence, characteristics and related ef ect factors of female urinary incontinence in Shenzhen Luohu community. Methods:1200 women more than 20 years from 20 community health service center in Shenzhen Luohu received gynecological general investigation, field investigation of female urinary incontinence and pelvic floor muscle assess-ment. Results:1130 women with intact data were included in the study, the prevalence of female urinary incontinence was 23.45%(265/1130), the prevalences of stress urinary incontinence,urgent urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence were14.51%(164/1130),6.46%(73/1130) and 2.48%(28/1130), respectively. The proportions of mild urinary incontinence and moderate-to-severe urinary incontinence were 82.26%(218/265) and 17.74%(47/265), respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that vaginal delivery, bulge of uterus and vaginal wal , constipation and chronic cough were the ef ect factors of urinary incontinence. Conclusion:The main type of female urinary incontinence in Shenzhen Luohu community is mild stress urinary incontinenc evaginal delivery is a main ef ect factor of urinary in-continence.

  6. Urinary 6β-Hydroxycortisol/Cortisol Ratio Most Highly Correlates With Midazolam Clearance Under Hepatic CYP3A Inhibition and Induction in Females: A Pharmacometabolomics Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Kwang-Hee; Ahn, Li Young; Choi, Man Ho; Moon, Ju-Yeon; Lee, Jieon; Jang, In-Jin; Yu, Kyung-Sang; Cho, Joo-Youn

    2016-09-01

    Endogenous metabolites of cytochrome P450 (CYP3A) are useful in predicting drug-drug interactions between in vivo CYP3A inhibitors and inducers for clinical applications of CYP3A substrate drugs. This study aimed to develop predictable markers of the magnitude of hepatic CYP3A induction and inhibition in healthy female subjects using pharmacometabolomics. Twelve female subjects received midazolam during three study phases: 1 mg midazolam (control phase), 1 mg midazolam after pretreatment with 400 mg ketoconazole once daily for 4 days (CYP3A inhibition phase), and 2.5 mg midazolam after pretreatment with 600 mg rifampicin once daily for 10 days (CYP3A induction phase). Throughout the study, blood samples were collected 24 h after midazolam administration and urine samples at 12-h intervals during the 24 h before and after midazolam administration for the analysis of endogenous steroid metabolites. A statistical model was generated to predict midazolam clearance using measurements of endogenous metabolites associated with the inhibition and induction of CYP3A. Mean midazolam clearance decreased to ∼20% of control levels during the inhibition phase and increased more than 2-fold during the induction phase. Of the urine and plasma metabolites measured, the 6β-hydroxycortisol/cortisol ratio was most significantly correlated with midazolam clearance during hepatic CYP3A inhibition and induction. Our results suggest that the urinary 6β-hydroxycortisol/cortisol ratio is the best predictor of hepatic CYP3A activity under both maximal inhibition and maximal induction. Furthermore, the predictive model including 6β-hydroxycortisol/cortisol as a covariate could be applied to predict the magnitude of CYP3A-mediated drug interactions.

  7. Anatomy of the female pelvic viscera before and after transobturator tape procedures and anterior vaginal wall repair in patients with stress urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laketić Darko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Anatomy of the female pelvic viscera was investigated before and after the Tension free Vaginal tape (TVT-O. Forty patients were included in the study. Surgery was performed between 2009 and 2012 in Clinic of Urology (Clinical Center Nis and Department of Urology (Municipal Hospital Prokuplje. Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI and anterior vaginal wall prolapse was confirmed in all patients. In all patients with anterior vaginal wall prolapse (grade≥2 both tension free vaginal tape (TVT-O and anterior vaginal wall repair were performed. Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ system was used for the evaluation of prolapse before and after the surgery. Mean age of patients was 61 years. Spinal anesthesia was performed in thirty patients and general anesthesia in 10 patients. Intraoperative blood loss was under 50 ml. There were no bladder, nerve and blood vessels injuries . Thirty eight out of forty patients (95% were satisfied with the outcome of the surgery. There was a significant correction of prolapse after the surgery. Recurrence of prolapse was found in patients with the high grade prolapse before the surgery, as well as, in patients with the history of previous anterior vaginal repair. Pelvic organ prolapse, congenital or acquired, is supported by the congenital weakness of the pelvic floor.

  8. Tension-Free Vaginal Tape, Transobturator Tape, and Own Modification of Transobturator Tape in the Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Zyczkowski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This study is a comparative evaluation of the TVT, TOT, and our own modification of TOT (mTOT in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence from a single center experience. Material and Methods. The study was conducted on 527 patients with SUI diagnosed on the basis of urodynamic studies. They were divided into three groups—TVT: n=142, (TOT: n=129, and mTOT: n=256. All of the patients underwent evaluation at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results were statistically analysed and compared. Results. Objective and subjective effectiveness after the surgery were not significantly different in the study groups and ranged from 90.1% to 96.4%. Mean surgery time was 32.3, 28.2, and 26.4 in the TVT, TOT, and mTOT, respectively. Mean hospitalization time was 2.51 days. Mean catheter maintenance time was significantly higher in the TVT than in other groups. In the TVT group total incidence of complications was 13.4%, and it was significantly higher than that in TOT and mTOT (9.3% and 8.6%, resp.. Conclusions. TVT, TOT, and mTOT are highly effective and safe methods in the treatment of SUI. There are no differences in the efficacy between the methods with a little higher percentage of complications in the TVT group.

  9. Males in rural Bangladeshi communities are more susceptible to chronic arsenic poisoning than females: analyses based on urinary arsenic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, C; Inaoka, T; Kadono, T; Nagano, M; Nakamura, S; Ushijima, K; Murayama, N; Miyazaki, K; Ohtsuka, R

    2001-01-01

    Spot urine samples were collected from the inhabitants of two rural communities in northwestern Bangladesh. We compared arsenic levels in the urine samples ([As](u); n = 346) with those in water from tube wells ([As](tw); range arsenic exposure, we constructed a system for rating skin manifestations, which revealed distinct sex-related differences. Comparison of males and females in the same households confirmed that skin manifestations were more severe in the males, and in the males of one community a dose-response relationship between [As](u) and the degree of skin manifestation was evident. The results of this study indicate that [As](u) in spot urine samples can be used as an exposure indicator for As. They suggest that there might be sex-related, and perhaps community-related, differences in the relationship between [As](u) and skin manifestations, although several confounding factors, including sunlight exposure and smoking habits, might contribute to the observed sex difference. The existence of such differences should be further confirmed and examined in other populations to identify the subpopulations sensitive to chronic arsenic toxicity. PMID:11748034

  10. Urinary incontinence - what to ask your doctor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to help with my urinary incontinence? What are Kegel exercises? What can I do when I want ... tape Urinary incontinence - vaginal sling procedures Patient Instructions Kegel exercises - self-care Self catheterization - female Self catheterization - ...

  11. Sexual dimorphism in canine shape among extant great apes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, J

    1995-04-01

    There have been numerous attempts to sex fossil specimens using the canine dentition. Whether focused on canine size or canine shape, most of these efforts share two deficiencies: lack of quantification of male-female differences in the adopted criteria and a failure to adequately explore among extant species the discriminatory power of these criteria. Here, canine shape indices relating to relative canine height, upper canine root/crown proportionality, and relative length of the lower canine mesial ridge were calculated for males and females of all species and subspecies of extant great apes and two species of gibbons. The accuracy of these indices for identifying the sex of the extant ape specimens was investigated through discriminant analysis and the use of bivariate plots of the two upper and two lower canine indices. The indices were found to be highly accurate in identifying the sex of great ape individuals, not only in single-species and subspecies samples but in mixed-species samples as well; assignment error rates were mostly between 0 and 4%. Accuracy was lowest in Pan (error rates as high as 15%) and highest in Pongo (one error). In most cases, error rates were lower in the upper canines. The effectiveness of these shape indices for sexing might be related to the degree of absolute canine size dimorphism; the indices did not effectively segregate males and females among minimally canine-dimorphic gibbons. The mixed-species results reveal that same-sex index values are remarkably concordant across great ape species, as are the patterns of spatial segregation of males and females in the bivariate plots. Results suggest that, while the indices can be used with some confidence to sex individual fossil specimens, their greatest utility will be for identifying the sex of groups of canines united by size and morphology.

  12. A Study of Transmigrated Canine in an Indian Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Gaurav; Nagpal, Archna

    2014-01-01

    Aim. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of transmigrated canines in a north Indian population and association with gender, side, associated pathologies, and dental anomalies. Subjects and methods. The prospective study consisted of panoramic radiographs of 3000 patients from two dental colleges in north India. The panoramic radiographs were screened for radiographically identified position of the transmigrated tooth, retained canine, and other coexisting dental anomalies. Results. The overall prevalence of transmigrated canines (15 mandibular and 5 maxillary) was 0.66%. The prevalence of mandibular transmigrated canine was 0.5% and maxillary transmigrated canine was 0.16%. All the transmigrated canines were unilateral. The age range was 15-53 years (average age 24.1 years) and there were 12 males (60%) and 8 females (40%). Type 1 mandibular canine transmigration was the commonest type found in our study (10 cases), followed by types 2 and 4 (2 cases each) and 1 case of type 5 transmigration. Conclusion. The prevalence of transmigrated canines in the north Indian population was 0.66% and no gender predilection was evident. The transmigrated canines have a low complication rate (10.0%) and no correlation with other dental anomalies was found. Type 3 canine is the rarest form of mandibular canine transmigration.

  13. A Study of Transmigrated Canine in an Indian Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Gaurav; Nagpal, Archna

    2014-01-01

    Aim. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of transmigrated canines in a north Indian population and association with gender, side, associated pathologies, and dental anomalies. Subjects and methods. The prospective study consisted of panoramic radiographs of 3000 patients from two dental colleges in north India. The panoramic radiographs were screened for radiographically identified position of the transmigrated tooth, retained canine, and other coexisting dental anomalies. Results. The overall prevalence of transmigrated canines (15 mandibular and 5 maxillary) was 0.66%. The prevalence of mandibular transmigrated canine was 0.5% and maxillary transmigrated canine was 0.16%. All the transmigrated canines were unilateral. The age range was 15–53 years (average age 24.1 years) and there were 12 males (60%) and 8 females (40%). Type 1 mandibular canine transmigration was the commonest type found in our study (10 cases), followed by types 2 and 4 (2 cases each) and 1 case of type 5 transmigration. Conclusion. The prevalence of transmigrated canines in the north Indian population was 0.66% and no gender predilection was evident. The transmigrated canines have a low complication rate (10.0%) and no correlation with other dental anomalies was found. Type 3 canine is the rarest form of mandibular canine transmigration. PMID:27433532

  14. 护理干预对成年女性压力性尿失禁患者的影响%The Impact of Nursing Interventions on Adult Female Patients with Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    豆小娟; 李红; 刘芳; 龙益军

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the impact of nursing interventions on adult female patients with stress urinary incontinence. Methods: Selected 80 adult female volunteers with Stress Urinary incontinence in random in Liuyang city, earring on their nursing intervention and evaluating the intervention effect. Results:After nursing intervention, the number of patients with stress urinary incontinence episodes significant declined, pelvic floor muscle tone markedly improved, and urine leakage significantly reduced. Conclusion: Nursing intervention can reduce the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence, alleviate the patient's physical and psychological pain, and improve the life quality of patients with stress urinary incontinence.%目的:探讨护理干预对成年女性压力性尿失禁患者的影响.方法:在患者自愿参与的情况下,随机抽取浏阳市市区80名有压力性尿失禁症状的成年女性,对她们进行护理干预,并对干预效果进行评价.结果:护理干预后,患者压力性尿失禁发作次数显著减少,盆底肌肉张力显著提高,漏尿量显著减少.结论:护理干预可减轻成年女性压力性尿失禁症状,减轻患者的身心痛苦,提高压力性尿失禁患者的生活质量.

  15. Female epispadias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M V Krishna Shetty

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Isolated female epispadias without bladder exstrophy is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. The symptoms of female epispadias are primary urinary incontinence and abnormal anatomical features. A 7-year-old girl presented with partial incontinence of urine. On physical examination, bifid clitoris and labia minora were seen. The vagina and hymen were normal. Voiding cystourethrogram showed no reflux. With the diagnosis of isolated female epispadias, single stage reconstruction of the urethra, labia minora and clitoris was performed.

  16. Current developments in canine genetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marschall, Yvonne; Distl, Ottmar

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, canine genetics had made huge progress. In 1999 the first complete karyotype and ideogram of the dog was published. Several linkage and RH maps followed. Using these maps, sets of microsatellite markers for whole genome scans were compiled. In 2003 the sequencing of the DNA of a female Boxer began. Now the second version of the dog genome assembly has been put online, and recently, a microchip SNP array became available. Parallel to these developments, some causal mutations for different traits have been identified. Most of the identified mutations were responsible for monogenic canine hereditary diseases. With the tools available now, it is possible to use the advantages of the population structure of the various dog breeds to unravel complex genetic traits. Furthermore, the dog is a suitable model for the research of a large number of human hereditary diseases and particularly for cancer genetics, heart and neurodegenerative diseases. There are some examples where it was possible to benefit from the knowledge of canine genetics for human research. The search for quantitative trait loci (QTL), the testing of candidate genes and genome-wide association studies can now be performed in dogs. QTL for skeletal size variations and for canine hip dysplasia have been already identified and for these complex traits the responsible genes and their possible interactions can now be identified.

  17. Clinical Research Progress of Acupuncture on Female Stress Urinary Incontinence%针灸治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石宁; 刘立安

    2015-01-01

    分析近十年来针灸治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床研究文献发现,针灸治疗女性压力性尿失禁的方法多,如毫针、电针、灸法、综合治疗等,但未形成统一规范的诊疗判断标准和诊疗方案,今后应建立系统科学的针灸治疗压力性尿失禁的疗效评价方法及体系。%Clinical research literatures of acupuncture treating female stress urinary incontinence in recent ten years are analyzed, there are many methods of acupuncture on female stress urinary incontinence, such as acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, moxibustion, comprehensive treatment and the like, but without unified standard of diagnosis criteria and treatment, therapeutic evaluation method and system of scientific acupuncture treat-ment on stress urinary incontinence should be established in the future.

  18. Death of a wild wolf from canine parvovirus enteritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mech, L.D.; Kurtz, H.J.; Goyal, S.

    1997-01-01

    A 9-mo-old female wolf (Canis lupus) in the Superior National Forest of Minnesota (USA) died from a canine parvovirus (CPV) infection. This is the first direct evidence that this infection effects free-ranging wild wolves.

  19. 新疆马兰地区成年女性尿失禁的流行病学调查%Epidemiological survey of adult female urinary incontinence in Malan area of Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李易霞; 马兰; 何春妮; 温蓉蓉; 张淑萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of female urinary incontinence in Malan multi-ethnic region of Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region and the related influencing factors, in order to provide basis for the prevention and control of female urinary incontinence in this area. Methods A total of 1 276 adult female were sampled from Malan area and surrounding villages using the randomized cluster sampling method and onsite questionnaire survey were given to all samples. Data entry and analysis were performed using the statistical software SPSS 13.0. Results The overall prevalence of adult female urinary incontinence in Malan multi-ethnic region was 33.7%. The prevalence of Han, Hui, Uygur and Mongolian female were 37.6%, 44.3%, 16.4% and 14.9% respectively, with significantly different prevalence between different nations (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that delivery, birth weight, prolonged second stage of labor, postpartum rest time, age, ethnicity, hypertension, constipation, urinary tract infection, chronic pelvic pain, oral contraceptives were factors affecting incidence of female urinary incontinence in Malan area of Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region. Conclusion The prevalence of female urinary incontinence is high in Malan area of Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region. Population intervention and treatment specific for its risk factors need urgent implementation.%目的 调查新疆马兰多民族地区女性尿失禁的患病率及相关的影响因素,为本地区各民族女性尿失禁的防治提供依据.方法 采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取马兰地区及周边农村成年女性1 276名,进行现场问卷调查,数据录入和分析使用SPSS 13.0统计软件完成.结果 新疆马兰地区成年女性尿失禁的总患病率为33.7%.汉族、回族、维吾尔族和蒙古族女性患病率分别为37.6%、44.3%、16.4%和14.9%,不同民族尿失禁患病率差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05).单

  20. 老年女性患者尿失禁与抑郁的相关性研究%Research of urinary incontinence and depression among aged female patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲丽辉; 刘祚燕; 胡秀英

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence and relationship of urinary incontinence and depression among elderly female patients.Methods A total of 118 female patients older than 60 years old were interviewed face to face.The prevalence of urinary incontinence and depression were estimated using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence Short Form-Chinese (ICIQ-SF-Chinese) and Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15).Linear regression and Spearman correlation were used to identify the relationship between urinary incontinence and depression.Results Urinary incontinence was found in 27.1% (32/118),and depression was in 39.0% (46/118) of the survey population.Urinary incontinence with depression was found in 13.6% (16/118) of the overall population.Urinary incontinence was positively correlated with depression,r=0.211,P<0.05.The frequency of entertainment and urinary incontinence were significantly related to depression symptoms,P<0.05.Conclusions Urinary incontinence appears to possess an additive effect on incidence of depression,which seriously affects both physical and mental health of patients.Clinicians should give patients health education and intervention measures at early stage.%目的 了解老年女性患者尿失禁与抑郁的发病率以及两者的关系.方法 采用尿失禁简表、简版老年人抑郁量表对118例老年女性患者进行现状调查.采用线性回归分析、Spearman相关分析方法分析尿失禁与抑郁之间的关系.结果 118例老年女性患者中,尿失禁患者32例占27.1%,抑郁症状患者46例占39.0%,尿失禁合并抑郁患者16例占13.6%;老年女性患者抑郁与尿失禁呈正相关,r=0.211,P<0.05;娱乐活动与尿失禁是老年女性患者抑郁症状的影响因素,P<0.05.结论 尿失禁增加老年女性患抑郁症的风险,严重影响患者的生理和心理健康,应早期给予患者健康教育与干预措施.

  1. 不同年龄段女性复发性尿路感染的临床分析%Clinical analysis of recurrent urinary tract infection of female patients in different ages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓峰; 刘蔚; 李科珍; 程黎明; 马祖福

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical characteristics of recurrent urinary tract infection of female patients in different ages stages and to evaluate curative effect on using antibiotics only and on combination of antibiotics and Chinese herbal drugs. Methods: A total of 156 female patients with recurrent urinary tract infection were observed, including 90 cases in reproductive age and 66 cases during climacteric and gerontism period. All patients accepted antibiotics therapy and part of them combined with Chinese herbal drugs therapy which had the effects on clearing away heat evil and promoting diuresis. Clinical symptoms, sighs, and laboratory examination results were recorded pre ?therapy and post ?therapy. A half year following up was done after pharmacotherapy conclusion. Results: Female patients with recurrent urinary tract infection during climacteric and gerontism period had less typical symptoms and higher recurrence rate than the patients in reproductive age. Antibiotics combined with Chinese herbal drugs therapy could decrease recurrence rate and ameliorate clinical symptom. Conclusion; The clinician should think about clinical characteristics of different ages and select reasonable projects when treating female patients with recurrent urinary tract infection.%目的:观察不同年龄段女性复发性尿路感染的临床特点,评价单用抗生素或联合中药治疗的疗效.方法:观察女性复发性尿路感染患者156例,其中育龄期组90例,更年期和老年期组66例.所有患者予以抗生素治疗,部分患者同时联用清热利湿复方中药治疗.观察治疗前后临床症状、体征和实验室检查结果,药物治疗结束后观察随访半年.结果:更年期和老年期女性较育龄期女性复发性尿路感染症状不典型,随访期复发率高.联合中药治疗能显著减少复发率,改善症状.结论:临床医生在诊治女性复发性尿路感染时应该考虑不同年龄段的临床特点,合理选择诊疗方案.

  2. Developmental processes and canine dimorphism in primate evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Gary T; Miller, Ellen R; Gunnell, Gregg F

    2005-01-01

    Understanding the evolutionary history of canine sexual dimorphism is important for interpreting the developmental biology, socioecology and phylogenetic position of primates. All current evidence for extant primates indicates that canine dimorphism is achieved through bimaturism rather than via differences in rates of crown formation time. Using incremental growth lines, we charted the ontogeny of canine formation within species of Eocene Cantius, the earliest known canine-dimorphic primate, to test whether canine dimorphism via bimaturism was developmentally canalized early in primate evolution. Our results show that canine dimorphism in Cantius is achieved primarily through different rates of crown formation in males and females, not bimaturism. This is the first demonstration of rate differences resulting in canine dimorphism in any primate and therefore suggests that canine dimorphism is not developmentally homologous across Primates. The most likely interpretation is that canine dimorphism has been selected for at least twice during the course of primate evolution. The power of this approach is its ability to identify underlying developmental processes behind patterns of morphological similarity, even in long-extinct primate species.

  3. Establishment of sexual dimorphism in north indian population by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shalini Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To investigate whether sexual dimorphism can be established by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth as well as inter-canine width in north Indian population. Study Design: The study was carried out at department of oral and maxillofacial pathology, King George′s Medical University, Lucknow, India on students and patients reporting at OPD. Out of total 180 subjects examined 90 subjects were female and 90 were male. Impressions of the upper arch were made using alginate and casts poured in dental stone. The mesiodistal diameter (MD of the crown of permanent maxillary canine both on right and left sides and inter-canine width were measured. From these measurements, maxillary canine index was calculated. The percentage of sexual dimorphism (SD was assessed for all the parameters. Results: In the present study, the MD of maxillary canine for both right (P = 0.001 and left side (P = 0.005 was significantly higher among male subjects than females, Similar observation was found for inter-canine width too (P = 0.0001. However, the maxillary canine index for right and left was almost similar (P > 0.05 for both male and female subjects. The SD in right and left MDs of maxillary canine was 4.2% and 3.6% respectively. For, inter-canine width it was maximum (13.7%. However, SD in right and left canine index showed negative values (−2.1% and -0.9% respectively. Conclusion: There was SD in MD and inter-canine width of permanent maxillary canine teeth. SD was more on right permanent maxillary canine teeth than left permanent maxillary canine.

  4. Management of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in dogs: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulkerson, Christopher M; Knapp, Deborah W

    2015-08-01

    Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), also referred to as urothelial carcinoma, is the most common form of urinary bladder cancer in dogs, affecting tens of thousands of dogs worldwide each year. Canine TCC is usually a high grade invasive cancer. Problems associated with TCC include urinary tract obstruction, distant metastases in >50% of affected dogs, and clinical signs that are troubling both to the dogs and to their owners. Risk factors for TCC include exposure to older types of flea control products and lawn chemicals, obesity, female sex, and a very strong breed-associated risk. This knowledge is allowing pet owners to take steps to reduce the risk of TCC in their dog. The diagnosis of TCC is made by histopathology of tissue biopsies obtained by cystoscopy, surgery, or catheter. Percutaneous aspirates and biopsies should be avoided due to the risk of tumor seeding. TCC is most commonly located in the trigone region of the bladder precluding complete surgical resection. Medical treatment is the mainstay for TCC therapy in dogs. Although TCC is not usually curable in dogs, multiple drugs have activity against it. Approximately 75% of dogs respond favorably to TCC treatment and can enjoy several months to a year or more of good quality life. Many promising new therapies for TCC are emerging and with the close similarity between TCC in dogs and high grade invasive bladder cancer in humans, new treatment strategies found to be successful in canine studies are expected to help dogs and to be subsequently translated to humans.

  5. Early eruption of permanent canines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhu, S

    2012-01-01

    Systemic and local factors can modify the eruption time of teeth. Generalized eruption time changes could be due to some systemic diseases like hyperthyroidism, hypophosphatasia, precocious puberty, Proteus syndrome, etc. Localized early eruption of permanent teeth could be due to early extraction of deciduous teeth. Presented here is an extremely rare case of early eruption of permanent canines in a 7-year old female child. Though the number of such cases is very limited, the clinician should poses adequate knowledge and keeps an open eye to identify such cases.

  6. Early eruption of permanent canines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Madhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Systemic and local factors can modify the eruption time of teeth. Generalized eruption time changes could be due to some systemic diseases like hyperthyroidism, hypophosphatasia, precocious puberty, Proteus syndrome, etc. Localized early eruption of permanent teeth could be due to early extraction of deciduous teeth. Presented here is an extremely rare case of early eruption of permanent canines in a 7-year old female child. Though the number of such cases is very limited, the clinician should poses adequate knowledge and keeps an open eye to identify such cases.

  7. Antibody titers for canine parvovirus type-2, canine distemper virus, and canine adenovirus type-1 in adult household dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taguchi, Masayuki; Namikawa, Kazuhiko; Maruo, Takuya; Orito, Kensuke; Lynch, Jonathan; Sahara, Hiroeki

    2011-09-01

    Serum antibody titers for canine parvovirus type-2 (CPV-2), canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine adenovirus type-1 (CAV-1) were investigated in 1031 healthy adult household dogs (2 to 18 years old) given an annual inoculation in the previous 11 to 13 months. The number of dogs retaining significant titers of antibodies against CPV-2, CDV, and CAV-1 were 888 (86%), 744 (72%), and 732 (71%), respectively. There were no differences between males and females in antibody titers against the 3 viruses. Antibody titer for CPV-2 was significantly higher in younger dogs than in older dogs, CDV antibody was significantly higher in older dogs than in younger dogs, and CAV titer was not associated with age.

  8. 女性患者上尿路结石腔内碎石并发尿脓毒血症的护理方案探讨%Nursing countermeasures of urinary sepsis of female patients with upper urinary tract calculi after endoscopic lithotripsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍慧; 钱卫红; 潘铁军

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨女性患者上尿路结石行腔内碎石术后发生尿脓毒症的护理方案.方法 总结2013年5月至2015年12月在本科室22例行上尿路结石腔内碎石术并发尿脓毒血症患者的临床数据,分析术前风险评估和原发症的控制、术后早期液体复苏及各种护理方案.结果 21例患者1周内体温、脉搏、血压和血常规恢复正常,平均住院12d康复出院.1例患者腔内碎石术后12h内出现弥漫性血管内凝血并多器官功能障碍,经积极抢救无效死亡.结论 早期发现及规范化的护理,可显著减少上尿路结石腔内碎石术后并发尿脓毒血症患者不良后果的发生,降低死亡率.%Objectives To investigate our experience in the early observation and nursing countermeasures of urinary sepsis after endoscopic lithotripsy for female patients with upper urinary tract calculi.Methods Tthe clinical date of 22 female patients with upper urinary tract stones who have urinary sepsis after endoscopic lithotripsy from May 2013 to December 2015 were collected.The preoperative condition,the change state of illness during and postoperation and the nursing countermeasure of patients were retrospectively analyzed.Results A total of 21 patients were discharged from hospital upon recovery after timely and efficiently symptomatic treatment and active nursing,and 1 patient died because of serious infections and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.Conclusions We should pay attention to susceptible factors of urosepsis,and early diagnosis and active treatment can improve the incidence of rescue rate of urinary sepsis.

  9. Maxillary canine transpositions in two brothers and one sister: associated dental anomalies and genetic basis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, Juan J; Hattab, Faiez; Ríos, Vicente

    2002-01-01

    Transposition is an uncommon dental anomaly involving positional interchange of two teeth. The maxillary canine is the tooth more frequently transposed in man. Maxillary canine-first premolar appears to be the most common type of tooth transposition, followed by maxillary canine-lateral incisor transposition. Maxillary canine transpositions are frequently associated with other dental abnormalities such as agenesis and pegshaped incisors. This report describes the presence of transposed canines in one sister and two brothers. The female showed bilateral maxillary canine-first premolar transposition with the left canine fully mesial to its neighboring first premolar, and the right canine blocked-out facially between the first and second premolar. One of the brothers showed full maxillary left canine-lateral incisor transposition. The other brother showed maxillary canine-first premolar transposition and agenesis of maxillary lateral incisors, with the left canine blocked-out facially between the first and second premolar. Findings from this case report and other previously published cases provide strong evidence that maxillary canine transpositions are a disturbance of tooth order and eruptive position resulting from genetic influences within a multifactorial inheritance model.

  10. Urinary lithiasis and urinary tract malformations in children: A retrospective study of 34 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamila Chahed

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although the association of urinary lithiasis and urinary tract malformation is not rare, their management poses challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between urolithiasis and malformations of the urinary system. There were 34 patients (19 males and 15 females with a mean age of 4.8 years (range, 2 months to 14 years. All patients had urinary lithiasis with a urinary tract malformation. Abdominal pain was the most frequent clinical symptom (38%. Urinary infection was found in 7 patients (21% and macroscopic haematuria was present in 10 patients (29%. The most frequent urinary tract malformations were megaureter (8 cases, uretero-pelvic junction obstruction (7 cases and vesico-ureteric reflux (8 cases, but its malformative origin could not be confirmed. Treatment consisted of lithiasis extraction in 32 cases associated with specific treatment of the uropathy in 27 cases. Postoperative outcome was uneventful in all cases. In fact, urinary lithiasis and urinary tract malformation association is not rare. Indeed, 9-34% of urinary lithiasis are noted to be associated with urinary tract malformation. Positive diagnosis relies specifically on kidney ultrasound, intravenous urography, and urethrocystography. Treatment depends on the type of urinary tract malformation, localisation and size of the urinary lithiasis. Conclusion: In conclusion, urinary lithiasis and urinary tract malformation association is a frequent eventuality. Surgical intervention is the usual mode of treatment.

  11. Urinary capillariosis in six dogs from Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mariacher

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Canine urinary capillariosis is caused by the nematode Pearsonema plica. P. plica infection is seldomly detected in clinical practice mainly due to diagnostic limitations. This report describes six cases of urinary capillariosis in dogs from Italy. Recurrent cystitis was observed in one dog, whereas another patient was affected by glomerular amyloidosis. In the remaining animals, the infection was considered an incidental finding. Immature eggs of the parasite were observed with urine sediment examination in 3/6 patients. Increased awareness of the potential pathogenic role of P. plica. and clinical disease presentation could help identify infected animals.

  12. Postcircumcision urinary tract infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, H A; Drucker, M M; Vainer, S; Ashkenasi, A; Amir, J; Frydman, M; Varsano, I

    1992-06-01

    The possible association of urinary tract infection (UTI) with ritual circumcision on the eighth day of life was studied by analyzing the epidemiology of urinary tract infections during the first year of life in 169 children with UTI (56 males and 113 females) born in Israel from 1979 to 1984. Forty-eight percent of the episodes of UTI occurring in males appeared during the 12 days following circumcision, and the increased incidence during that period was highly significant. The median age of the males at the time of the UTI was 16 days, compared with seven months in females. Ritual Jewish circumcision as practiced in Israel may be a predisposing factor for UTI during the 12-day period following that procedure.

  13. Unilateral Maxillary Canine Agenesis: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagihan Koç

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital absence of maxillary permanent canines is an extremely rare condition, which may appear as part of a syndrome or as a nonsyndromic form. Nonsyndromic canine agenesis combined with other types of tooth agenesis has occasionally been described in the literature but isolated cases are rarely observed. This report presents an isolated case of maxillary permanent canine agenesis in a healthy 18-year-old female patient and a literature review on the prevalence, etiology, and differential diagnosis of the condition.

  14. The Interpretation of the Guideline of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence%《女性压力性尿失禁诊治指南》解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《泌尿外科杂志(电子版)》编辑部

    2010-01-01

    @@ 女性尿失禁是女性常见病,目前据全球统计,患病率接近50%,严重尿失禁约为7%,其中约一半为压力性尿失禁(stress urinary incontinence,SUI).我国的患病率与此基本相当.如此庞大的患病人群,对女性生活质量和健康状态构成严重影响.

  15. Urinary Incontinence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you to restrict your activities and limit your social interactions Increase the risk of falls in older adults ... increase your risk of developing urinary incontinence include: Gender. Women are more likely to have stress incontinence. ...

  16. Urinary Incontinence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Alcohol Caffeine Decaffeinated tea and coffee Carbonated drinks Artificial sweeteners Corn syrup Foods that are high in spice, sugar or acid, especially citrus fruits Heart and blood pressure ... surgery. Artificial urinary sphincter. In men, a small, fluid-filled ...

  17. 经闭孔吊带手术治疗女性压力性尿失禁46例临床观察%TOT for surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence in 46 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晨曦; 丁俊; 李国波; 朱旭明; 陈国栋; 陈怡芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察经闭孔吊带( transobturator tape ,TOT)尿道中段悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁( stress urinary inconti-nence,SUI)的近期疗效。方法女性SUI患者46例,采取TOT手术治疗,对比手术前后国际尿失禁咨询委员会尿失禁问卷(ICI-Q-SF)评分、1 h尿垫试验和最大尿流率变化,以判定疗效。结果随访6~18个月,治愈33例(71.7%),有效11例(23.9%),无效2例(4.3%)。 ICI-Q-SF评分、1 h尿垫试验显著优于术前,最大尿流率无变化。结论 TOT手术是治疗女性SUI安全、有效的微创手术方法。%Objective To evaluate the recent efficacy of applying outside-in transobturator tape ( TOT) tension-free mid-ure-thral suspension in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence ( SUI) .Methods A total of 46 female inpatients with SUI were enrolled using Italy Herniamesh sling .Preoperative and postoperative data were recorded and compared , including International Consulta-tion on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICI-Q-SF), 1-hour pad weight test and maximum urinary flow rates (Qmax).Results All patients have been followed up for 6 to 12 months.The cure, improvement and failure rates were 33 patients (71.7%), 11 (23.9%) and 2 (4.3%), respectively.The differences were significant when compared ICI-Q-SF and 1-hour pad weight test (P<0.05).Postop-erative complications included 2 cases of vulva hematoma , 1 case of dyspareunia , 2 cases of groin pain and 1 case of de novo detrusor overactivity .No case recorded with bladder perforation , urine retention and mesh erosion .Conclusion Transobturator tape procedure is an effective minimally invasive method for the surgical treatment of female SUI with low rate of complication and good primary outcome .

  18. TVT及TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床观察%Clinical observation on outcomes of female stress urinary incontinence treated with TVT-O and TVT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌利; 倪观太; 施素华

    2013-01-01

    目的:通过对TVT及TVT-O治疗压力性尿失禁36例分析,探讨压力性尿失禁的治疗效果、并发症及预防.方法:统计我院2008年8月~2011年8月收治的36例压力性尿失禁患者,进行分组及回顾性分析总结.结果:TVT-O组的手术时间较TVT组明显缩短,两组比较有统计学意义(P> 0.05).TVT-O组术中出血量少于TVT组,但无统计学差异.TVT-O组并发症较 TVT组明显减少.结论:TVT和TVT-O是治疗女性压力性尿失禁的有效术式.临床医师可根据自己的经验选择适合的治疗方法.但TVT更简便、安全,适应证更宽.%Objective: To observe the efficacies and complications oi treating stiess urinary incontinence in female patients by letiopubic tension-tree vaginal tape( TVT ) procedure and tiansobtuiatoi tension-iree vaginal tape( TVT-0 )procedure. Methods : By retrospective study ,36 female patients undergone treatment oi stiess urinary incontinence in our hospital between Aug. 2008 and Aug 201 1 were grouped into either TVT procedure or TVT-O procedure. Results:The, procedure duration by TVT-O was sig-nificantly shorter than that by TVT. The two groups were statistically dif-ferent( P < 0. 05 ). Although intiaopeiative bleeding was less in TVT-O group than TVT,yet, it had no statistical difference. The complications by TVT-0 were not as high as TVT procedure. Conclusion :Both TVT-O and TVT are effective procedures fer treatment oi female stiess urinary incontinence, and clinicians can be at their free option oi the proceduie. let, TVT looks simpler, safer and wider in clinical indications.

  19. The therapeutic effects of functional electrical stimulation in female urinary incontinence%功能性电刺激治疗63例女性尿失禁患者的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘康; 陈安强

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the therapeutic effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation in the treatment of female urinary incontinence. Methods Sixty-three female patients with urinary incontinence were recruited and treated with functional electrical stimulation delivered by specially-designed vaginal electrodes for 15 to 20 minutes once daily,3 times a week for 8 weeks.Subjective feelings and a urination dairy were recorded to assess the effect of the treatment. Results Daily urinations and residual volumes decreased,and feelings of urgency were alleviated after treatment,while the voiding volume and control of urine flow were significantly improved.No significant side effects were observed. Conclusion Functional electrical stimulation is significantly effective in treating female urinary incontinence.%目的 观察神经功能性电刺激治疗女性尿失禁患者的疗效.方法 共选取63例女性尿失禁患者,采用AM800型神经功能重建工作站系统对其进行功能性电刺激,连续进行8周电刺激.于治疗前、治疗1周、6周及8周时采用主观感觉、排尿日记、护垫测试、B超检查、尿动力学检查等进行疗效评定.结果 上述63例女性患者经相应治疗后,其各项疗效指标均有不同程度改善,与治疗前比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);并且在治疗过程中均未发现明显不良反应.结论 神经功能性电刺激对尿失禁患者具有显著疗效,值得临床推广、应用.

  20. Enamel Hypoplasia of Deciduous Canine

    OpenAIRE

    加納, 隆; 平出, 百合子; 舟津, 聡; 峯村, 隆一; 恩田, 千爾; 正木, 岳馬

    1993-01-01

    From observation of frequency and measurement of the lengths and widths of enamel hypoplasia on the maxillary and mandibular deciduous canines, extracted from 50 Indians' skulls, the following results were obtained. 1) Enamel hypoplasia occurred in 15% of the maxillary deciduous canines and 44% of the mandibular deciduous canines. 2) Symmetrical cases of enamel hypoplasia occurred in 8.0% of the maxillary deciduous canins and in 34% of the mandibular deciduous canines. The enamel hypoplasia o...

  1. Variation of urinary reproductive hormones of a captive female African elephant during gestation%圈养雌性非洲象妊娠期尿中性激素水平的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学锋; 张耀华; 秦志刚; 王璐; 原蕾; 张轶卓

    2012-01-01

    In this study we monitored the urinary levels of progesterone (P), estradiol (E2) , estriol (E3) and chorion-ic gonadotropin (CG) of a female African elephant (Loxodonta africana) during pregnancy using radioimmunoassay. It was shown that progesterone levels increased gradually during early pregnancy, peaking at the 4th - 6th month of pregnancy and then dropping to the basal level at delivery. The estriol concentration decreased slowly during gestation, whereas the estradiol level did not change significantly during pregnancy. This is the first report of CG during gestation of African elephant. CG level was almost undetectable in the first three month of pregnancy, and it began to rise slowly after the progesterone peak (4-6 month of gestation). These results provide references for changes of P and CG in pregnancy.

  2. Staphylococci in canine urolithiasis: species identification, using a commercially available tray micromethod.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, L C; Ling, G V; Biberstein, E L; Ruby, A L; Jang, S S

    1985-01-01

    Fifty-one coagulase-positive staphylococcal isolates from canine urinary calculi or from the urine of dogs with documented urolithiasis, and 17 coagulase-positive staphylococcal isolates from human beings and cattle were identified by a commercially available tray micromethod, as well as by conventional methods. Canine isolates had previously been classified as Staphylococcus aureus on the basis of a positive tube coagulase test. After 5 hours' incubation, the tray method identified all 51 canine urolithiasis isolates as S intermedius, rather than S aureus. All human and bovine isolates were identified as S aureus. Conventional methods supported these findings.

  3. Sex determination using mesiodistal dimension of permanent maxillary incisors and canines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajbir Kaur Khangura

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sexual dimorphism refers to the differences in size, shape, etc., between males and females. The dentition′s use in sex assessment has been explored and advocated owing to its strength and resistance to peri- and post-mortem insults. Objectives: The study evaluated permanent maxillary incisors and canines for sexual dimorphism and estimated the level of accuracy with which they could be used for sex determination. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 100 subjects (50 males, 50 females. The mesiodistal dimension of permanent maxillary incisors and canines was measured and the data were subjected to statistical analysis. Result: Univariate analysis revealed that all permanent maxillary incisors and canines exhibited larger mean values of mesiodistal dimension in males compared to females but only canines were found to be statistically significant for sexual dimorphism. Conclusion: The study showed maxillary canines exhibiting significant sexual dimorphism and can be used for sex determination along with other procedures.

  4. Cone beam computed tomography findings of impacted upper canines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Da Silva Santos, Ludmilla Mota [Dept. of Endodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Paulista State University, Aracatuba(Brazil); Bastos, Luana Costa; Da Silva, Silvio Jose Albergaria; Campos, Paulo Sergio Flores [School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador (Brazil); Oliveira Santos, Christiano [Dept. of Stomatology, Oral Public Health, and Forensic Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto (Brazil); Neves, Frederico Sampaio [Dept. of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba (Brazil)

    2014-12-15

    To describe the features of impacted upper canines and their relationship with adjacent structures through three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Using the CBCT scans of 79 upper impacted canines, we evaluated the following parameters: gender, unilateral/bilateral occurrence, location, presence and degree of root resorption of adjacent teeth (mild, moderate, or severe), root dilaceration, dental follicle width, and presence of other associated local conditions. Most of the impacted canines were observed in females (56 cases), unilaterally (51 cases), and at a palatine location (53 cases). Root resorption in adjacent teeth and root dilaceration were observed in 55 and 47 impacted canines, respectively. In most of the cases, the width of the dental follicle of the canine was normal; it was abnormally wide in 20 cases. A statistically significant association was observed for all variables, except for root dilaceration (p=0.115) and the side of impaction (p=0.260). Root resorption of adjacent teeth was present in most cases of canine impaction, mostly affecting adjacent lateral incisors to a mild degree. A wide dental follicle of impacted canines was not associated with a higher incidence of external root resorption of adjacent teeth.

  5. Urinary System anomalies at birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharada B. Menasinkai

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Congenital anomalies of urinary system are common and are found in 3-4% of population, and lethal urinary anomalies account for 10% of termination of pregnancy. Methods: A study was done to know the incidence of congenital anomalies at birth for the period of 4 months from May 99 - Sept 99 at Cheluvamba hospital attached to Mysore medical college. Congenital anomalies in the still births, live births and aborted fetuses >20 weeks were studied along with the case history and ultrasound reports. Aborted fetuses and still born babies were collected for autopsy after the consent of parents. These babies were fixed in 10% formalin and autopsy was done after fixing, and anomalies were noted. Results: Total births during study period were 3000. There were 61 babies with congenital anomalies and 6 babies had anomalies of urinary system. Among the urinary system anomalies 1 baby had bilateral renal agenesis, 1 baby had unilateral renal agenesis with anophthalmia (Fraser syndrome, 2 babies had Multicystic dysplastic kidney disease (MCDK and 1 live baby had hydronephrosis due to obstruction at pelvi ureteric junction, and 1 live female baby had polycystic kidneys. Conclusion: Incidence of urinary system anomalies in the present study was 2 per 1000 births. U/S detection of urinary anomalies varies with period of gestation, amniotic fluid volume and visualisation of urinary bladder. Autopsy helps to detect renal agenesis. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 743-748

  6. Prognostic markers of canine pyometra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Sant'Anna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The pyometra is a disease that affects middle age and elderly female dogs during diestrus. Hormonal, microbiological, biochemical and hematological aspects are well described. However, few studies have evaluated the role of each in the prognosis of canine pyometra. The aim of this study was to identify markers associated with clinical worsening of dogs with pyometra. We prospectively evaluated 80 dogs with pyometra treated surgically. Group 1 consisted of dogs that were discharged within 48 hours after surgery and Group 2 consisted of those who required prolonged hospitalization or died. The findings of hematological, biochemical and blood lactate levels were compared between groups and variables such as bacterial multidrug resistance, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS, hyperlactatemia and increased creatinine were analyzed through the dispersion of frequencies between groups. Among the variables studied, the presence of SIRS and elevated serum creatinine >2.5mg/mL were effective in predicting the worsening of the disease and can be used as prognostic markers of canine pyometra.

  7. TVT与TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效和并发症比较%Efficacy and complications of TVT procedure and TVT-O procedure in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧兴; 吕坚伟; 冷静; 李佳怡; 薄隽杰; 黄翼然

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and complications of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure (TVT group) and transobturalor vaginal tape inside out (TVT-O) procedure (TVT-0 group) in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods Two hundred and five female patients with SUI were randomized to receive TVT procedure (n = 102) or TVT-O procedure (n = 103) from February 2009 to February 2010, and the clinical efficacy and complications were compared. Results The mean time of operation in TVT group was (27.5 ± 13. 3) min (25 to 45 min), the mean time of operation in TVT-O group was (18.5 ±7.4) min (11 to 25 min), and there were significant differences between two groups (P 0. 05). The symptoms of urinary incontinence in 195 patients (95. \\%) in two groups were controlled after operation, and no incidence of urinary incontinence occurred during the follow-up for 12 to 24 months. There were 5 patients (4.9%) with intraoperative bladder injury and 2 patients (2.0%) with urinary retention after catheter removal in TVT group. There were 2 patients (2%) with urinary retention after catheter removal, 3 patietns (2.9%) with postoperative thigh pain and no case of bladder injury in TVT-O group. There was no symptom of urinary incontinence within 6 months after operation in 4 patients (3. 8%), moderate urinary incontinence emerged 12 months after operation, and the symptoms improved in all the 4 patients. Conclusion TVT procedure and TVT-O procedure are effective and reliable in treatment of female SUI. TVT procedure has better long-term effect and higher possibility of bladder injury than TVT-O procedure.TVT-O procedure is simpler than TVT procedure, with less surgical trauma, less complications and occasionally-occurred thigh pain. The mid-term clinical efficacy of TVT-O procedure is slightly worse than that of TVT procedure%目的 比较经阴道无张力尿道中段吊带术(TVT)和经闭孔无张力尿道中段吊带术(TVT-O)治疗女性压

  8. Prevalence of urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence on quality of life among female workers in Baoding Railway of Hebei Province%河北省保定铁路女职工尿失禁患病率及压力性尿失禁对生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳娟; 乔君; 闫华

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨河北省保定市铁路女职工尿失禁患病率及压力性尿失禁(SUI)对生活质量的影响.方法 于2010年11月—2011年11月对保定铁路系统20岁以上女职工,采用整群抽样的方法,进行现场问卷调查,对SUI患者进行生活质量现场问卷调查及尿液常规分析检查.结果 获得有效问卷1368份.调查结果显示,尿失禁患病率为34.62%(474/1368),其中SUI患病率为21.64%(296/1368),急迫性尿失禁3.80%(52/1368),混合性尿失禁9.21%(126/1368),尿失禁的患病率及不同类型尿失禁的患病率随年龄的增长而逐渐增加.不同程度的构成比为:轻度46.96%(139/296),中度29.73%(88/296),重度23.21%(69/296).生活质量问卷结果:第2、4、5、12、18、20、22项影响人数超过60%.x2检验表明,不同程度SUI对行为的限制、对心理的影响、对社会的障碍、对尿路感染的影响差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同程度SUI与不同程度尿中白细胞比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同程度SUI与不同程度尿中红细胞比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 保定铁路女职工尿失禁患病率较高,以SUI为主,SUI对生活质量造成的影响很大,预防和治疗尿路感染有利于提高SUI患者的生活质量.%[Objective] To explore the prevalence of urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on quality of life a-mong female workers in Baoding Railway of Hebei Province. [Methods] From November, 2010-November of 2011,the female workers of the railway system in Baoding City aged above 20 years were selected by cluster sampling method and surveyed by questionnaire. Questionnaire survey of quality of life and urine routine analysis were performed on SUI patients. [ Results] A total of 1 368 valid questionnaires were obtained. The investigation showed that the prevalence of female adult UI was 34.62% (474/1 368) , in which the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was

  9. 231例基层社区女性压力性尿失禁早期干预效果观察%Investigation on efficiency of 231 female cases by early intervention on stressed-urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴永红; 胡铧文; 韩春艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of early intervention of women suffering from stress urinary incontinence in their menopausal transition, provide the best prevention measure, and reduce the incidence of stress urinary incontinence.Methods An investigation of 1300 cases of women, aged from 40~55, from the three streets in Nanshan District in Shenzhen.They were screened for stress urinary incontinence by filling the self-administered questionnaires.231 women (206 mild cases, 25 moderate cases) suffered from stress urinary incontinence.They were randomly divided into three groups according to their degrees of illness.A group had 77 cases who used the topical estrogen cream.B group had 77 cases who used the rehabilitation methods including pelvic floor muscle exercises.C group had 77 cases who used the pelvic floor muscle exercises with combination of topical estrogen cream.All cases were analyzed after 1 and 3 months based on the indicators.Results The efficiency rate after 1 month for A, B, and C group was 41.59%, 62.34%, and 75.33% respectively.It increased to 68.83%, 83.12%, and 94.81% respectively.There was a significant difference (P <0.05). Conclusions 1.Host community health education seminars regularly to improve female's knowledge on the illness and their compliance.2.Female should start the pelvic floor muscle earlier to avoid the occurrence of stress urinary incontinence.3.Increase physical activity;enhance self-care awareness;improve the quality of life of the menopausal transition female.4.For female, who suffered from mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence, should use the pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation with combination of topical estrogen cream treatments.%目的:探索基层社区绝经过渡期患压力性尿失禁女性早期干预的效果观察,提供最佳的防治措施,降低压力性尿失禁的发生。方法南山区三个街道的基层社区女性年龄在40~55岁之间共1300例,采用自填问卷方式进行压力性

  10. Urinary catheters

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... incontinence. There is no tube placed inside the penis. Instead, a condom-like device is placed over the penis. A tube leads from this device to a ... too small Bladder spasms Constipation The wrong balloon size Urinary tract infections POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS Complications of catheter ...

  11. Removal of retained upper canine in the middle. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bienvenido Mesa Reinaldo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The inclusion of upper canine is one of the most common retentions that occur in permanent teething, this event may be related to that, this is the last tooth to erupt in the lower, also is associated with involution of the jaws, because eruption path is long and complex, often facing unfavorable. A case of a female patient, aged 25, of rural origin, which does not suffer from any disease, which was seen because of discomfort in area 23, ie in the left upper permanent canine. It was noted in the oral examination persistent left superior temporal canine, 63, and periapical and panoramic X-rays showed the presence of 23 included in an intermediate position. It was decided to make a modification of surgical technique with a conservative view of the palatal cortical bone. Was performed successfully including resection of the canine.

  12. Canine index – A tool for sex determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shankar M. Bakkannavar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Teeth are most useful tools in victim identification in the living as well as the dead in the field of forensic investigations. Their ability to survive in situations like mass disasters makes them constructive devices. Many authors have measured crowns of teeth in both males and females and found certain variations. Canines, reported to survive in air crash and hurricane disasters, are perhaps the most stable teeth in the oral cavity because of the labiolingual thickness of the crown and the root anchorage in the alveolar process of jaws. Measurement of mesiodistal width of the mandibular canines and inter-canine distance of the mandible provides good evidence of sex identification due to dimorphism. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of canine index (CI in the determination of sex.

  13. Evaluation of the urinary microbiota of women with uncomplicated stress urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas-White, Krystal J; Kliethermes, Stephanie; Rickey, Leslie; Lukacz, Emily S; Richter, Holly E; Moalli, Pamela; Zimmern, Philippe; Norton, Peggy; Kusek, John W; Wolfe, Alan J; Brubaker, Linda

    2017-01-01

    Female urinary microbiota are associated with urgency urinary incontinence and response to medication. The urinary microbiota of women with stress urinary incontinence has not been described. We sought to study the cross-sectional relationships between urinary microbiota features and demographic and clinical characteristics of women undergoing stress urinary incontinence surgery. Preoperative urine specimens were collected from women without urinary tract infection and were available from 197 women (174 voided, 23 catheterized) enrolled in a multicenter prospective randomized trial, the Value of Urodynamic Evaluation study. Demographic and clinical variables were obtained including stress and urgency urinary incontinence symptoms, menopausal status, and hormone use. The bacterial composition of the urine was qualitatively assessed by sequencing the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Phylogenetic relatedness and microbial alpha diversity were compared to demographics and symptoms using generalized estimating equation models. The majority of 197 urine samples (86%) had detectable bacterial DNA. Bacterial diversity was significantly associated with higher body mass index (P = .02); increased Medical, Epidemiologic, and Social Aspects of Aging urge index score (P = .04); and hormonal status (P microbiota. This cross-sectional analysis revealed that increased diversity of the microbiota was associated with urgency urinary incontinence symptoms, hormonal status, and body mass index. In contrast, the female urinary microbiota were not associated with stress urinary incontinence symptoms. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. NASA Astronaut Urinary Conditions Associated with Spaceflight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Jennifer; Cole, Richard; Young, Millennia H.; Mason, Sara

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Spaceflight is associated with many factors which may promote kidney stone formation, urinary retention, and/or Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). According to ISS mission predictions supplied by NASA's Integrated Medical Model, kidney stone is the second and sepsis (urosepsis as primary driver) the third most likely reason for emergent medical evacuation from the International Space Station (ISS). METHODS: Inflight and postflight medical records of NASA astronauts were reviewed for urinary retention, UTI and kidney stones during Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Mir, Shuttle, and ISS expeditions 1-38. RESULTS: NASA astronauts have had 7 cases of kidney stones in the 12 months after flight. Three of these cases occurred within 90 to 180 days after landing and one of the seven cases occurred in the first 90 days after flight. There have been a total of 16 cases (0.018 events per person-flights) of urinary retention during flight. The event rates per mission are nearly identical between Shuttle and ISS flights (0.019 vs 0.021 events per person-flights). In 12 of the 16 cases, astronauts had taken at least one space motion sickness medication. Upon further analysis, it was determined that the odds of developing urinary retention in spaceflight is 3 times higher among astronauts who took promethazine. The female to male odds ratio for inflight urinary retention is 11:14. An astronaut with urinary retention is 25 times more likely to have a UTI with a 17% infection rate per mission. There have been 9 reported UTIs during spaceflight. DISCUSSION: It is unclear if spaceflight carries an increased post-flight risk of kidney stones. Regarding urinary retention, the female to male odds ratio is higher during flight compared to the general population where older males comprise almost all cases due to prostatic hypertrophy. This female prevalence in spaceflight is even more concerning given the fact that there have been many more males in space than females. Terrestrial

  15. Incontinência urinária após gonadectomia em fêmeas caninas Urinary incontinence after gonadectomy in female dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Azevedo Voorwald

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A incontinência urinária adquirida é uma condição debilitante e, muitas vezes, incurável que acomete fêmeas castradas e raramente fêmeas inteiras ou machos. A manifestação clínica pode ocorrer em qualquer momento após a gonadectomia e resulta em graves problemas no manejo do paciente. Os mecanismos que desencadeiam a incontinência após ovariectomia envolvem decréscimo na pressão de fechamento uretral, alterações hormonais, aumento na deposição de colágeno na musculatura lisa da bexiga, diminuição na contratilidade do músculo detrusor e redução na resposta aos estímulos elétricos e ao carbachol. O diagnóstico é realizado pelo histórico do animal, pelo exame físico, pelos exames laboratoriais, pelo perfil de pressão uretral, pela ultrassonografia e pelas radiografias abdominais. O tratamento clínico envolve utilização de fármacos -adrenérgicos, estrógenos, análogos de GnRH e agentes antidepressivos. As técnicas cirúrgicas recomendadas correspondem à uretropexia, cistouretropexia, aplicação de colágeno na uretra e colpossuspensão. Melhor compreensão da etiologia, da fisiopatologia, dos métodos de diagnóstico e tratamentos é fundamental em razão do pouco conhecimento e da identificação dessa condição no Brasil.Acquired urinary incontinence is a debilitating, incurable condition, prevalent in spayed bitches and rarely seen in entire bitches or males. In bitches, acquired urinary incontinence can occur anytime from one week after neutering and is associated with severe management problems. Incontinence in neutered bitches can be associated with a decrease in maximal urethral closure pressure, hormonal changes and increase in the percentage of collagen in the bladder wall. It's also associated to a reduced contractility of the detrusor muscle, decrease in the magnitude of response of the bladder wall to both carbachol and eletrical field stimulation, and there are risk factors involved. The

  16. Progress in the diagnosis and treatment of the urgency urinary incontinence in elder females%老年妇女急迫性尿失禁的诊治进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟霜霜; 杨春波; 金杭美

    2016-01-01

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is common in elder women. Urgency urinary incontinence(UUI) is the common type of UI. Millions of women worldwide suffer from UUI nowadays, which seriously affects the health and life quality of female patients. With the aging of population in our country, the incidence of UUI increases. With the needs of quality of life rising gradually, the diagnosis and treatment of the disease are also increasingly valued and keeping step forward. However, there is still lack of one single and effective treatment for the disease,so that comprehensive treatments are used commonly. Here we make a review about the recent progress in diagnosis and treatment about UUI in elder women.%尿失禁是老年女性的常见病,而急迫性尿失禁又是尿失禁的常见类型。目前,全球女性人群中急迫性尿失禁患者数百万,严重影响了女性人群的身心健康和生活质量。随着我国人口老龄化的加快,急迫性尿失禁发病率逐步增高,其诊治方法日益受到重视并不断发展。但目前尚缺乏单一有效的治疗方法,多采用综合治疗。本文旨在概述老年女性急迫性尿失禁的诊断和治疗的最新进展。

  17. Intravesical administration of combined hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) for the treatment of female recurrent urinary tract infections: a European multicentre nested case–control study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciani, Oriana; Arendsen, Erik; Romancik, Martin; Lunik, Richard; Costantini, Elisabetta; Di Biase, Manuel; Morgia, Giuseppe; Fragalà, Eugenia; Roman, Tomaskin; Bernat, Marian; Guazzoni, Giorgio; Tarricone, Rosanna; Lazzeri, Massimo

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To compare the clinical effectiveness of the intravesical administration of combined hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate (HA+CS) versus current standard management in adult women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs). Setting A European Union-based multicentre, retrospective nested case–control study. Participants 276 adult women treated for RUTIs starting from 2009 to 2013. Interventions Patients treated with either intravesical administration of HA+CS or standard of care (antimicrobial/immunoactive prophylaxis/probiotics/cranberry). Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome was occurrence of bacteriologically confirmed recurrence within 12 months. Secondary outcomes were time to recurrence, total number of recurrences, health-related quality of life and healthcare resource consumption. Crude and adjusted results for unbalanced characteristics are presented. Results 181 patients treated with HA+CS and 95 patients treated with standard of care from 7 centres were included. The crude and adjusted ORs (95% CI) for the primary end point were 0.77 (0.46 to 1.28) and 0.51 (0.27 to 0.96), respectively. However, no evidence of improvement in terms of total number of recurrences (incidence rate ratio (95% CI), 0.99 (0.69 to 1.43)) or time to first recurrence was seen (HR (95% CI), 0.99 (0.61 to 1.61)). The benefit of intravesical HA+CS therapy improves when the number of instillations is ≥5. Conclusions Our results show that bladder instillations of combined HA+CS reduce the risk of bacteriologically confirmed recurrences compared with the current standard management of RUTIs. Total incidence rates and hazard rates were instead non-significantly different between the 2 groups after adjusting for unbalanced factors. In contrast to what happens with antibiotic prophylaxis, the effectiveness of the HA+CS reinstatement therapy improves over time. Trial registration number NCT02016118. PMID:27033958

  18. Perforation of the Urinary Bladder Caused by Transurethral Insertion of a Pencil for the Purpose of Masturbation in a 29-Year-Old Female

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanasios Bantis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The urethra is a usual site of introduction of foreign bodies for autoerotic stimulation. We present an unusual case of bladder perforation caused by foreign body that was self-inserted in the urethra and consequently slipped inside the bladder in a 29-year-old female patient with psychiatric disease. The patient was referred to our department for macroscopic hematuria and abdominal pain. Imaging studies revealed the presence of a foreign body in the pelvic area which had perforated the left lateral wall of the bladder. The foreign body was removed via open cystotomy. In psychiatric patients hematuria and pelvic pain may result from insertion of a foreign body in the bladder usually during masturbation.

  19. The urinary metabolome in female mink (Mustela neovison) shows distinct changes in protein and lipid metabolism during the transition from diapause to implantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedemann, Mette Skou

    2017-01-01

    to early gestation and to identify the metabolites involved. Methods Urine samples were collected from 56 female mink on March 24, April 8, and April 15, covering the period from mating to early pregnancy. The urine samples were subjected to non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics. Processed data were evaluated...... by principal component analysis (PCA) and the peak area of identified metabolites were subjected to ANOVA. Results The samples showed clear clustering according to sampling date in a PCA scores plot, and 35 metabolites differing significantly between sampling days were identified. The excretion of dicarboxylic...... acids and acylcarnitines of dicarboxylic acids exhibited a decline on April 8, and the same trend was observed for four unidentified metabolites, two of which were putatively identified as acids of the furan fatty acid type. The decreased excretion of lipid components was suggested to be a result...

  20. Vaccines for Canine Leishmaniasis

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    Faeze Foroughi-Parvar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Leishmania infantum is the obligatory intracellular parasite of mammalian macrophages and causes zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL. The presence of infected dogs as the main reservoir host of ZVL is regarded as the most important potential risk for human infection. Thus the prevention of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL is essential to stop the current increase of the Mediterranean visceral leishmaniasis. Recently considerable advances in achieving protective immunization of dogs and several important attempts for achieving an effective vaccine against CVL lead to attracting the scientists trust in its important role for eradication of ZVL. This paper highlights the recent advances in vaccination against canine visceral leishmaniasis from 2007 until now.

  1. Avaliação dos fatores relacionados à ocorrência da incontinência urinária feminina Evaluation of factors related to the occurrence of female urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os fatores de risco relacionados à ocorrência da incontinência urinária feminina. MÉTODOS: Estudo caso-controle que incluiu 253 mulheres (102 incontinentes e 151 continentes convidadas a responder a um questionário epidemiológico sobre possíveis fatores de risco para a incontinência urinária como: idade, estado hormonal, raça, Índice de Massa Corporal, paridade, tipos de partos (normais, fórcipes ou cesarianas, peso do maior recém-nascido, utilização de episiotomia e ou analgesia durante o parto, história de histerectomia, prática de atividade física, tabagismo, diabetes mellitus, constipação intestinal, história de asma brônquica e ou doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica, uso de diuréticos e ou antidepressivos. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados, após a aplicação do modelo de regressão logística binária, como fatores de risco para a ocorrência de incontinência urinária: a idade [OR = 1,07 (IC 1,03 - 1,1], o parto normal [OR = 1,5 (IC 1,1 - 12,0], o parto fórcipe [OR = 35,0 (IC 3,7 - 327] e o peso do maior recém-nascido [OR = 1,001 (IC 1 - 1,002]. Além disso, identificamos como fator de proteção a cesariana [OR = 0,39 (IC 0,23 - 0,65]. CONCLUSÃO: Os fatores de risco independentes para a ocorrência da incontinência urinária foram idade, parto normal, parto fórcipe e peso do maior recém-nascido e, como fator de proteção, a cesariana.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors related to occurrence of female urinary incontinence. METHODS: A case-control study that included 253 women (102 continent and 151 incontinent invited to respond to an epidemiological questionnaire on possible risk factors for urinary incontinence. They were age, hormone status, race, body mass index, parity, types of deliveries (normal, forceps or cesarean, weight of largest newborn, use of episiotomy and / or analgesia during labor, history of hysterectomy, physical activity, smoking, diabetes mellitus, constipation

  2. Urodynamic analysis on 56 cases of middle-aged female patients with urinary incontinence%56例中年女性尿失禁患者的尿流动力学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 胡新生; 乔庆东

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the changes of urodynamics of middle-aged(35-55 years old)female patients with urinary incontinence and improve the diagnosis and treatment.Methods Analyze and compare the urodynamics between 56 cases of middle-aged female patients with urinary incontinence and 17 cases of normal control.Results Among the 56 patients,33 cases with stress incontinence(SUI group 58.93%),9 cases with urgency urinary incontinence(UUI group 16.07%),14 cases with mixed urinary incontinence(SUI/UUI group 25.00%).There was significant difference on maximum flow rate(Qmax[27.72 ± 5.21]ml/s vs[20.45 ±7.15]ml/s,P <0.05)between the SUI group and control group.The beginning of a sense of capacity(FS),normal urination feeling(ND),strong feeling of urination(SD)and urgent urination feeling(UD)were (135.65 ± 42.73)ml,(166.24 ± 51.42)ml,(315.75 ±42.34)ml,(320.24 ± 45.03)ml and(132.70 ±40.65)ml,(160.70 ± 50.44)ml,(320.75 ± 42.34)ml,(335.75 ± 51.98)ml in the UUI group and control group respectively.And there were significant differences on the four indexes between UUI group and control group(P < 0.05).There was significant difference on ALPP([62.29 ± 25.40]cm H2O vs[88.30 ± 28.54]cm H2O,P <0.05)between the SUI group and SUI/UUI group.Pressure at maximum flow rate(Pdet-Qmax,[24.29 ± 6.24]cm H2O vs[34.45 ± 8.20]cm H2 O,maximum urethral pressure(M UP([68.20 ± 18.27]cm H2O vs[87.14 ± 17.26]cm H2O)and maximum urethral closure pressure(MUCP([74.24 ±35.75]cm H2O vs[90.66 ±30.10]cm H2O)in SUI group were significantly lower than those in control group(P <0.05)Conclusion There were large groups of middle-aged female urinary incontinence in patients and the classification is more complex.It shows important guiding significance for diagnosis and selecting proper treatments by detecting urodynamic.%目的 研究中年女性(35~55岁)尿失禁患者的尿流动力学变化,提高相应诊治水平.方法 对56例尿失禁的中年女性患者进行尿流动力

  3. Association of Urinary Urgency and Delay Time of Micturition in Women With Overactive Bladder

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Kyung Kgi; Huh, Jung Sik

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Accurately measuring urinary urgency is important for diagnosing overactive bladder (OAB) and quantifying improvements in treatment outcome. Various methods have been recommended for evaluating urinary urgency, but these methods assess individual perceptions and preferences. To overcome the subjectivity in measuring urinary urgency, we evaluated the relationship between uroflowmetric parameters and urinary urgency in women with OAB. Methods Consecutive female patients with lower urina...

  4. The menopause and urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foldspang, Anders; Mommsen, Søren

    1994-01-01

    The objective was to study the possible role of the menopause in adult female urinary incontinence (UI) etiology, using a cross-sectional population study comprising a random sample of adult females and self-reported data based on postal questionnaires. The study group comprised 915 women who...... prevalence in 1987 of episodes of stress and urge urinary incontinence; prevalence of menopause and exposure to childbirth, gynecologic surgery, cystitis and obesity as indicated by body mass index more than 29; prevalence relative risks, as indicated by odds ratio of UI conditional on menopause and other...... the year of final menstruation. The findings suggest perimenopausal processes rather than the menopause in general to be responsible for an increased risk of developing UI. The elevation of UI prevalence in the perimenopause may reflect the adjustment of the female continence mechanism to function...

  5. Canine tooth dimorphism: An adjunct for establishing sex identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhavi Yuwanati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Teeth are an excellent material for genetic, odontological and forensic investigations and research purpose. From all the teeth, the mandibular canines are found to exhibit sexual dimorphism. However, very few studies have been published on maxillary canine′s measurements. Aims: 1. To find out utility of maxillary and mandibular canine width as a tool for sex determination in Central Indian population. 2. To find out the average size of canines in males and females of Central Indian population. 3. To compare the findings with National and International studies Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in 100 cases in the age group of 17-21 years. Mesiodistal width of right and left mandibular and maxillary canines were measured on the casts with digital calliper and subjected to statistical analysis. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done to assess sex difference using Students ′t′ test (paired. Results and Conclusions: It was seen that a definite statistically significant sexual dimorphism exists when mandibular and maxillary canine measurements were compared. Thus, it can be suggested that canine width measurements can be used as an adjunct for sex identification purpose in Central Indian Population.

  6. 不同留置导尿管走向对女性尿路感染的影响研究%Study on the influence of different indwelling catheter move towards on female urinary tract infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王继华

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨两种不同的导尿管走向对女性尿路感染的影响。方法:将84例留置导尿管的女性患者随机分为试验组和对照组,每组42例,试验组给予从股前方穿出的留置导尿管法,对照组给予从股后方穿出的留置导尿管法,比较两组患者第3天的尿培养阳性率以及患者的疼痛情况。结果:对照组的尿培养阳性率高于试验组(P<0.05);试验组疼痛发生率低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:从股前方的穿出留置导尿管法更符合女性尿道的生理解剖学走向,能够减轻女性患者的疼痛感,有利于临床护理。%Objective:To explore the influence of two different catheter move towards on female urinary tract infection. Methods:84 female patients with indwelling catheter were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group with 42 cases in each.The experimental group were given indwelling catheter method from thigh ahead.The control group were given indwelling catheter method from thigh posterior.The urine culture positive rate in third day and the patient’s pain of two groups were compared.Results:The urine culture positive rate of the control group was higher than that of the experimental group(P < 0.05).The incidence rate of pain in the experimental group was lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion:The indwelling catheter method from thigh ahead is more suitable with the physiological anatomy move towards of female urethra.It can reduce the pain of female patients,and it is conducive to clinical nursing.

  7. ReMeEx device (External Mechanical Regulator) for female stress urinary incontinence: a critical review of a single-operator, long-term experience on implants and readjustments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantovani, Franco

    2017-04-28

    A single-operator, long-term (15 years) experience on a sling technique that allows a postoperative adjustment of its tension is presented to retrospectively report the objective and subjective outcomes in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The readjustment option prevents the need of a reoperation in case of relapse with great compliance of the patients. Indications for surgical tratment of SUI by ReMeEx included patients affected with not only true intrinsic sphyncteric deficency (ISD) and fixed urethra but also mild urethral hypermobility, previous incontinence surgery and relapsing conditions such as diabetes and obesity. Fifty-five female patients with severe SUI underwent ReMeEx system positioning between 1998 and 2013. Before surgery, patients were evaluated by physical examination, translabial ultrasonography, urodynamics, pad-test and compilation of a specific incontinence quality of life questionnaire. Out of 55 patients treated, 50 were cured with readjustment in 10; in one case, the device was removed for infection. Complications as one transitory retention, two de novo urgency and one sovrapubic varitensor seroma were easily treated. In our experience, the ReMeEx system produced remerkable long-term results that showed the effective role of this device in obtaining an adequate sling tension, also confirmed in a worse prognosis patient group, as reported in the present study. The limitation of this study, based on a retrospective and not comparative analysis, suggests the need for randomized prospective studies comparing the ReMeEx procedure with other similar anti-incontinence techniques. ReMeEx system offers the possibility to modify the sling support whenever needed during patients' life. By this device, we can improve the outcomes of these patients leaving them completely dry without reoperations. The system produced remarkable 15 years results with a low complication rate. These outcomes have also been confirmed in a worse

  8. 女性压力性尿失禁术后排尿困难的护理应对%Female stress urinary incontinence of dysuria after operation nursing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨映辉

    2012-01-01

      Objective: Study of female stress urinary incontinence of dysuria after operation and nursing, observation and nursing after effects. Methods: a retrospective analysis in 2010 January to 2012 April in our hospital for surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence patients 100 cases, mainly on the basis of two different treatment modalities of patients wil be divided into two groups, the patient's age is in 40-68 year old between, and the patients were in 2 years -5 years, for patients to do before the operation nursing and the assessment, psychological nursing and guidance, operation of observation and nursing after operation and nursing, observation and nursing of complications and prevention of disease recurrence effective care, and for patients with the ilness for patients discharged guidance data, no significant difference, comparable, in comparison with the corresponding treatment the effect and nursing after. Results : female stress urinary incontinence postoperative dysuria patients in our hospital by nursing staff analysis, given the targeted approach to treatment, two groups of patients after operation treatment, two groups of treatment modalities for the operation time and operation after indweling catheter time in comparison to patients, and operation to me dysuria ratio analysis, significant difference. Conclusion: after our experiments found that the disease and operation method, different operation modes can result in complications rate is different, for female stress urinary incontinence postoperative dysuria patient targeted therapy and nursing care, can promote the patients got better, from complications of a speedy recovery, shorter hospitalization time reduction the suffering of patients, thereby improving the patients to hospital treatment and nursing satisfaction [1].%  目的研究探讨女性压力性尿失禁术后排尿困难的护理,以及观察护理以后的效果。方法回顾分析在2010年1月至2012年4月

  9. Establishment of a PCR analysis method for canine BRCA2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshikawa Yasunaga

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mammary tumors are the most common tumor type in both human and canine females. In women, carriers of mutations in BRCA2, a tumor suppressor gene product, have a higher risk of breast cancer. Canine BRCA2 has also been suggested to have a relationship with mammary tumors. However, clearly deleterious BRCA2 mutations have not been identified in any canine mammary tumors, as appropriate methods to detect mutations or a consensus BRCA2 sequence have not been reported. Findings For amplification and sequencing of BRCA2, we designed 14 and 20 PCR primer sets corresponding to the BRCA2 open reading frame (ORF and all 27 exons, respectively, including exon-intron boundaries of the canine BRCA2 regions, respectively. To define the consensus canine BRCA2 ORF sequence, we used established methods to sequence the full-length canine BRCA2 ORF sequence from two ovaries and a testis obtained from individual healthy mongrel dogs and partially sequence BRCA2 genomic sequences in 20-56 tumor-free dogs, each aged over 6 years. Subsequently, we compared these sequences and seven previously reported sequences, and defined the most common base sequences as the consensus canine BRCA2 ORF sequence. Moreover, we established a detection method for identifying splicing variants. Unexpectedly, we also identified novel splicing variants in normal testes during establishment of these methods. Conclusions The present analysis methods for determining the BRCA2 base sequence and for detecting BRCA2 splicing variants and the BRCA2 ORF consensus sequence are useful for better understanding the relationship between canine BRCA2 mutation status and cancer risk.

  10. Canine pulmonary angiostrongylosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Jørgen; Willesen, Jakob Lundgren

    2009-01-01

    Canine pulmonary angiostrongylosis is an emerging snail-borne disease causing verminous pnemonia and coagulopathy in dogs. The parasite is fund in Europe, North and South America and Africa, covering tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. Its distribution has been characterised by isolated ...

  11. Urinary tract infection - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000521.htm Urinary tract infection - adults To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the urinary ...

  12. Urinary tract infection - children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000505.htm Urinary tract infection - children To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. A urinary tract infection is an infection of the urinary tract. This ...

  13. Urinary Tract Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) Overview By Mayo Clinic Staff A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of ... UTI spreads to your kidneys. Doctors typically treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics. But you can take steps to ...

  14. Application of modified transobturator tension- free vaginal suspension surgery in treatment of female urinary incontinence%改良式经闭孔无张力阴道悬吊手术治疗女性压力性尿失禁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马启敏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of tension - free transobturator mid -urethral sling (TVT- O) in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 22 cases application of the modified TVT - 0 treatment of female stress urinary incontinence in patients. Results All patients treated by surgery were cured. Two groups of operation time, blood loss, complications and hospital stay were not significantly different ( all P >0. 05 ). All patients without hematoma, infection and rejection, patient follow - up after discharge without urinary incontinence, urinary retention. Conclusions Modified transobturator tension - free mid - urethral sling tape for surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, simple, reliable way and effective.%目的 探讨改良式经闭孔无张力尿道中段悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的临床效果及安全性.方法 回顾性分析22例应用改良式TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁患者的临床资料.结果 全部患者经手术治疗后,均治愈.两组手术时间、术中出血量、并发症及住院时间均尢明显差异(均P>0.05).全部患者术后无血肿、感染及排异反应,出院后门诊随访无尿失禁、尿潴留等.结论 改良式经闭孔无张力尿道中段吊带悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁,操作简单,可靠方法,疗效确切.

  15. Complete Genome Sequence of Canine Papillomavirus Type 16

    OpenAIRE

    Luff, Jennifer; Mader, Michelle; Britton, Monica; Fass, Joseph; Rowland, Peter; Orr, Carolyn; Schlegel, Richard; Yuan, Hang

    2015-01-01

    Papillomaviruses are epitheliotropic, circular, double-stranded DNA viruses within the family Papillomaviridae that are associated with benign and malignant tumors in humans and animals. We report the complete genome sequence of canine papillomavirus type 16 identified within multiple pigmented cutaneous plaques and squamous cell carcinoma from an intact female Basenji dog.

  16. Vaccines for canine leishmaniasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarisa B. Palatnik-De-Sousa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Leishmaniasis is the third most important vector-borne disease worldwide. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL is a severe and frequently lethal protozoan disease of increasing incidence and severity due to infected human and dog migration, new geographical distribution of the insect due to global-warming, co-infection with immunosuppressive diseases and poverty. The disease is an anthroponosis in India and Central Africa and a canid zoonosis (ZVL in the Americas, the Middle East, Central Asia, China and the Mediterranean. The ZVL epidemic has been controlled by one or more measures including the culling of infected dogs, treatment of human cases and insecticidal treatment of homes and dogs. However, the use of vaccines is considered the most cost-effective control tool for human and canine disease. Since the severity of the disease is related to the generation of T-cell immunosuppression, effective vaccines should be capable of sustaining or enhancing the T-cell immunity. In this review we summarize the clinical and parasitological characteristics of ZVL with special focus on the cellular and humoral canine immune response and review state-of-the-art vaccine development against human and canine visceral leishmaniasis. Experimental vaccination against leishmaniasis has evolved from the practice of leishmanization with living parasites to vaccination with crude lysates, native parasite extracts to recombinant and DNA vaccination. Although more than 30 defined vaccines have been studied in laboratory models no human formulation has been licensed so far; however three second-generation canine vaccines have already been registered. As expected for a zoonotic disease, the recent preventive vaccination of dogs in Brazil has led to a reduction in the incidence of canine and human disease. The recent identification of several Leishmania proteins with T-cell epitopes anticipates development of a multiprotein vaccine that will be capable of protecting both humans

  17. Modularity of the anthropoid dentition: Implications for the evolution of the hominin canine honing complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delezene, Lucas K

    2015-09-01

    In most anthropoid primates, the maxillary canine, mandibular canine, and mesial mandibular premolar form a functional complex that hones the canines. Characters in functional complexes are predicted to covary genetically, which constrains their evolutionary independence. As a result of substantial changes to canine and honing premolar size and shape, hominins are characterized by the apomorphic loss of canine honing. In early hominins, changes in canine and 'honing' premolar size and shape appear to have been uncoordinated, which is unexpected if there is strong genetic covariation coupling these teeth. Using the pattern and magnitude of phenotypic dental size covariation in extant anthropoids, results of this study indicate that certain dimensions of the anthropoid honing complex are characterized by strong size covariation within species and that canine and honing premolar size have evolved in a coordinated manner in both males and females, which undermines arguments that the complex is selectively important only in males. Further, there is no evidence for negative or strong positive covariance between canine and either incisor or postcanine size. If patterns of phenotypic covariation reflect genetic covariation, this suggests that canine reduction was unlikely to have been a dependent change associated with the development of postcanine megadontia or incisor reduction.

  18. Efficacy Evaluation of TVT And TVT-O in the Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence%TVT与TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁疗效评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛华; 姜智慧; 周健; 王海燕; 李娟

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察并比较经耻骨后路径阴道无张力尿道中段悬吊术(TVT)及经闭孔路径阴道无张力尿道中段悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床效果.方法:选择2013年1月-2014年12月在本院收治的女性压力性尿失禁患者60例作为研究对象,其中30例行TVT手术,30例行TVT-O手术.记录比较两种手术路径围手术期各种参数、并发症以及临床治疗效果.结果:TVT组手术时间长于TVT-O组,比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05);TVT组并发症发生率高于TVT-O组,比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:TVT-O手术方式较TVT路径手术时间短,并发症发生率明显降低;两种手术路径均可有效治疗重度压力性尿失禁、但长期疗效有待进一步随访观察.%Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of tension-flee vaginal tape(TVT) and transobturator vaginal tape inside out (TVT-O) in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence(SUI).Method:60 female patients with SUI in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2014 were selected as the research objects.30 patients were given TVT(TVT group)and the other 30 patients were given TVT-O(TVT-O group).The perioperative various parameters,the postoperative complications and the treatment effect were recorded and compared between the two groups.Result:The mean operative time of the TVT-O group was shorter than that of the TVT group,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).The incidence rate of postoperative complications in the TVT group was higher than that in the TVT-O group,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).Conclusion:TVT-O has advantages over TVT in operation time and postoperative complications.TVT and TVT-O have equivalent curative effect on female stress incontinence.Long term follow-ups are necessary to evaluate outcomes of different types of surgery for stress urinary incontinence.

  19. Impacted maxillary canines and root resorption of adjacent teeth: A retrospective observational study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallini, Costanza; Vernucci, Roberto; Vichi, Maurizio; Leonardi, Rosalia; Barbato, Ersilia

    2016-01-01

    Background The prevalence of impacted maxillary canine is reported to be between 1% and 3%. The lack of monitoring and the delay in the treatment of the impacted canine can cause different complications such as: displacement of adjacent teeth, loss of vitality of neighbouring teeth, shortening of the dental arch, follicular cysts, canine ankylosis, recurrent infections, recurrent pain, internal resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, external resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, combination of these factors. An appropriate diagnosis, accurate predictive analysis and early intervention are likely to prevent such undesirable effects. The objective is to evaluate, by means of a retrospective observational study, the possibility of carrying out a predictive analysis of root resorption adjacent to the impacted canines by means of orthopantomographs, so as to limit the prescription of additional 3D radiography. Material and Methods 120 subjects with unilateral or bilateral maxillary impacted canine were examined and 50 patients with 69 impacted maxillary canine (22 male, 28 female; mean age: 11.7 years) satisfied the inclusion criteria of the study. These patients were subjected to a basic clinical and radiographic investigation (orthopantomographs and computerized tomography). All panoramic films were viewed under standardized conditions for the evaluation of two main variables: maxillary canine angulations (a, b, g angles) and the overlapping between the impacted teeth and the lateral incisor (Analysis of Lindauer). Binary logistic regression was used to estimate the likelihood of resorbed lateral incisors depending on sector location and angle measurements. Results Results indicated that b angle has the greatest influence on the prediction of root resorption (predictive value of b angle = 76%). If β angle resorption is 0.06. Conclusions Evaluation of b angle and superimposition lateral incisor/impacted canine analysed on orthopantomographs could

  20. Canine mammary tumors - clinical survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Atanaskova Petrov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Mammary tumours are the second most frequent neoplasia in dogs, mainly affecting older female patients. Approximately 50% of the mammary tumours are malignant with high percentage of mortality if not treated in time. The aim of this study was to analyze the data of canine patients with mammary tumours, to evaluate the type of tumours, as well as the relationship between tumour incidence and dogs’ age, reproductive cycle and sterilization. The survey was used to retrieve the information in the period of two years from the patient data base of the University Veterinary Hospital at the Faculty of Veterinary medicine in Skopje. Patients included in this survey were subjected to routine clinical investigation and additional laboratory tests (cytological examination, x-rays imaging, CBC and biochemical profile, histopathology of the tumor samples. Aged female patients (12 – 13 years are the most susceptible category for development of mammary tumours. The reproductive history showed that five of the patients with malignant mammary tumourshave never whelped and were not treated with any exogenous hormones. Malignant tumours (adenocarcinoma were diagnosed in 90% of the patients. Three patients died due to lung metastasis. Late diagnosis is one of the major problems that results in lethal outcome due to lung metastases. Since ovarian steroids play an important role in the aetiology, the most effective prevention of mammary tumoursis elective ovariectomy of the bitch at an early age.

  1. 生物反馈电刺激在女性压力性尿失禁治疗中的价值%The clinical value of biofeedback electrical stimulation in therapy of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锐; 于书画

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察生物反馈电刺激治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床疗效并讨论其意义.方法 对36例女性压力性尿失禁患者实施生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练治疗,40 min/次,1次/d,20d为1个疗程,治疗结束后评价疗效.结果 36例中治愈26例(72.2%),有效5例(13.9%),无效5例(13.9%),总有效率86.1%;随访6个月,复发l例(2.8%).结论 生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练治疗轻、中度女性压力性尿失禁,简便易行,安全有效,治愈率高.%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence(SUI) and discuss the clinical significance.Methods Daily therapy for 40 min through biofeedback electrical stimulation along with pelvic muscle exercises was performed in 36 cases of female SUI for 20 days as a course of treatment.The curative effect was evaluated as regular intervals.Results In the 36 cases,26 caces were cured,5 caces were improved and 5 caees were invalid.The total effective rate was 86.1%.In the follow-up visit,there was 1 case of relapse(2.8% ) but with moderate symptoms.Conclusion Biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic muscle exercises,as the therapy for mild and moderate female SUI,was a safe,reliable,feasible,convenient and effective clinical method with high curative ratio.

  2. Urinary Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... reaches the stricture. The urologist then uses a knife or laser to make an incision that opens ... who also specializes in the female reproductive system, making an incision in the wall of the vagina. ...

  3. TVT-O Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Clinical Analysis of 48 Cases%TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁48例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨然; 吴氢凯

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and efifcacy of transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) by 1-year follow-up.Methods The data of 48 female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were analyzed retrospectively. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations included physical examination, and urinary symptom, Qmax, post-voiding residual (PVR), and quality of life scale questionnaires. The anti-incontinence procedure was TVT-O through the anterior vaginal wall. Results ①The mean time of operation was 20 minutes (11-30 min),mean bleed loss was 14 mL(7-20 mL).②The patients had normal urination after the surgery, the surgical was very smooth without damage to the urethra and bladder, there weren’t nerve and blood vessel damage complications during the operation. ③There were 4 cases improved themselves among the 5 merge urgency patients before the operation, urgency arised in 2 cases after surgery, and the symptoms was mitigated after oral tolterodine. The 1 h pad test of 2 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation judging the efifcacy of the operation rely mainly on the patient’s subjective experience, that the degree of improvement of symptoms of urinary incontinence and satisfaction, as well as experimental and shiatsu mat experiment. Conclusions TVT-O is a surgery that is easy to operate. It has few complications, satislfed short-term cure rate and quality of life. The impact on sexual life and long-term results still need further evaluation.%目的:探讨经闭孔尿道中段无张力悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的手术疗效及安全性。方法回顾性分析48例应用TVT-O手术治疗SUI患者术前及术后2个月、6个月及1年的疗效,评价尿道中段悬吊术的效果及安全性。结果①单纯行TVT-O手术平均用时20(11~30)min,术中平均出血14(7~20)mL。②患者术后排尿正常,术中无尿道及膀胱损伤,无神经及血管损伤等并发症发生。③5例术前

  4. Effect of Dietary Treatment with Dimethylarsinous Acid (DMAIII) on the Urinary Bladder Epithelium of Arsenic (+3 Oxidation State) Methyltransferase (As3mt) Knockout and C57BL/6 Wild Type Female Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) is carcinogenic to the human urinary bladder. It produces urothelial cytotoxicity and proliferation in rats and mice. DMAv, a major methylated urinary metabolite of iAs, is a rat bladder carcinogen, but without effects on the...

  5. Relationship between canine dimorphism and mandibular morphology in the hamadryas baboon and the Japanese monkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukase, Hitoshi

    2011-04-01

    To examine morphological interrelationships between canine size and mandibular corpus shape, inter-sex comparisons were made in the hamadryas baboon and the Japanese monkey, known to display extreme and moderate canine dimorphism, respectively. Results of adult comparisons showed that all mandibular dimensions were significantly larger in the males than in the females in both species. In the hamadryas baboon, the males also exhibited a higher ratio of anterior to posterior corpus height than the females. This sex difference in corpus shape was not significant in the Japanese monkey, indicating lack of involvement of canine dimorphism. Analysis of mandibular growth patterns in the hamadryas baboon demonstrated that significant sexual size difference did not occur before incisor eruption, and that the anteriorly high corpus of the adult male mandible was associated with a rapidly increasing symphyseal height after incisor eruption. It was also shown that the female canine started to erupt shortly after incisor eruption, while the forming male canine continued to stay near the mandibular base and developed further in size until eruption. The relative positions of the incisors kept shifting upwards even after eruption in the males, while they hardly changed in the females. It is therefore suggested that the prolonged development and size increase of the male canine is accompanied by further enlargement of the symphysis, resulting in the higher anterior corpus of the adult males compared to the adult females. The results thus indicate the importance of understanding the spatial relationships of the developing teeth in interpreting mandibular morphology.

  6. A multicenter study of mid urethral sung procedures in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence%中段尿道吊带术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的多中心研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜广辉; 陈忠; 胡卫锋; 章传华; 张景宇; 祝子清; 叶章群

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨中段尿道吊带术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床疗效、手术指征和并发症的处理.方法 单纯压力性尿失禁的患者304例和混合性尿失禁的患者8例,均为女性,纳入本研究.其中接受TVT吊带术134例,TVTO吊带术167例,Monarc吊带术11例.围手术期评估包括:手术时间、出血量、术中术后并发症.手术效果分为治愈、显效、无效.在患者出院时、术后3个月、术后每年评价疗效和并发症.结果 TVT组手术时间(18.5±9.6)min和出血量(32.2±12.6)ml多于TVTO组(11.5±3.1)min,(12.8±8.5)ml和Monarc组(11.1±2.6)min,(12.3±3.5)ml(P0.05).单纯压力性尿失禁患者治愈率(95.7% )显著高于混合性尿失禁患者(37.5% )(P<0.01).3种术式的总并发症发生率差异无统计学意义,但膀胱损伤仅发生在TVT组,闭孔神经损伤和阴道损伤仅发生在TVTO组.术后排尿困难和尿潴留是中段尿道吊带术的最常见并发症.结论 经耻骨上途径(TVT)和经闭孔途径(TVTO、Monarc)中段尿道吊带术治疗压力性尿失禁均具有手术简单、微创、中长期疗效好、并发症少等优点.%Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy,surgical indications and postoperative complications of mid urethral sling procedures in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.Methods A muhicenter clinical trial was conducted from April 2002 to April 2008 in five hospitals,304 cases of genuine stress urinary incontinence and 8 cases of mixed incontinence were included.TVT procedures were carried out in 134 patients.TVTO procedures in 167 patients,Monare procedures in 11 patients.Perioperative evaluations included: operating time, bleeding volume, and perioperative complications.Operative efficacy was classified into three categories:cure,improved and failure and evaluated before discharge,3 months after surgery and then every year. Results TVT group had longer operating time [(18.5±9.6)min]and more bleeding volume[(32.2±12.6)ml

  7. Lactoferrin in canine sera: a pyometra study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartoskova, A; Adlerova, L; Kudlackova, H; Leva, L; Vitasek, R; Faldyna, M

    2009-07-01

    The concentration of lactoferrin was measured in canine sera from groups of healthy male dogs as well as pregnant and non-pregnant female dogs and was compared with that of bitches with pyometra. Lactoferrin concentrations were higher in bitches with pyometra. The role of elevated lactoferrin concentrations in the suppression of lymphocyte activity was examined in sera from bitches with pyometra in a series of investigations. Although the sera from bitches with pyometra were capable of suppressing lymphocyte activity, lactoferrin was not found to be involved in this action.

  8. TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效观察%Curative effect observation of TVT-0 treatment of stress urinary incontinence in female

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨君; 汪洋; 邹伟

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To discuss the clinical efficacy of TVT-0 treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods Retrospective analysis was made of the clinical observation of SUI patients from September 2008 to September 2011.Results The average operating duration was 25 min (from 15 to 45 minuts) and averae blood loss was 40ml (20 ~ 60m).With average follow-up of 6 month (3 ~ 12 months),15 patients were cured and 3 patients were improved.Conclusions TVT-O treatment of SUI is simple and safe operation with fewer trauma or complications,and is an effective ideal way.%目的 探讨评价经闭孔无张力尿道中段悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的临床疗效.方法 回顾性分析2008年9月至2011年9月采用TVT-O治疗SUI18例进行疗效观察.结果 手术时间15 ~45min,平均25 min,术中出血20 ~ 60ml,平均40ml.拔管后尿失禁消失15例,增加腹压后偶有尿液溢出3例.随访3~l2个月,平均6个月,无一例复发.结论 TVT-O治疗SUI操作简单安全,创伤小,并发症少,疗效可靠,是一种理想治疗方法.

  9. Clinical Analysis of TVT-O Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Inconti-nence%TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于洪波; 那日苏

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析经闭孔无张力吊带尿道中段悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁效果。方法随机选取2011年1月—2014年5月中重度FSUI行TVT-O手术治疗女性患者70例,对照组和研究组各35例,分别给予TOT和(TVT-O)方法治疗。结果研究组和对照组的有效率分别为97.1%和94.3%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论TOT和TVT-O均两种手术方法均安全,效果相当。%Objective To analyze the effect of tension-free vaginal tape-obturator(TVT-O) in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. Methods Seventy women with severe FSUI underwent TVT-O surgery from January 2011 to May 2014 were selected and divided into the control group and the study group with 35 cases in each, treated by TOT, TVT-O, respectively. Results The response rate was 97.1% in the study group and 94.3% in the control group with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that both TOT and TVT-O are safe, and their effects are similar.

  10. Alignment of palatally impacted canine with open window technique and modified K-9 spring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipti Shastri

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient was an 18-year-old female who had an Angle Class I malocclusion with a left palatally impacted maxillary canine. The orthodontic treatment of a palatally impacted canine is aimed at bringing the tooth into its correct position in the dental arch without causing any periodontal damage. To achieve this goal, a variety of surgical and orthodontic techniques have been proposed in relation to the position of the impacted tooth and there are various treatment methods used for traction. The duration of the traction was 3 months and alignment duration was 12 months the total treatment time was 15 months. In the following case, we presented that maxillary palatally impacted canine was brought into the arch with open window method for canine exposure and modified K-9 spring for traction, that is simple spring for orthodontic traction of the palatally impacted canines.

  11. [Canine histoplasmosis in Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, Ayako; Miyaji, Makoto

    2003-01-01

    Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum and is distributed a worldwide. Although the disease has been treated as an imported mycosis, some autochthonous human, 1 equine and 4 canine cases suggested that the disease is endemic. Histoplasmosis is classified depending on the variety of causative agent. Histoplasmosis farciminosi known as pseudofarcy, is manifested only in Perissodactyla where it invades lymph nodes and lymph ducts, and is recognized by isolation from horses. Historically, Japan was one of the endemic areas of pseudofarcy before World War II, and more than 20,000 cases were recorded in horses used by the military. Interestingly, Japanese canine histoplasmosis uniformly showed skin ulcers and granulomatous lesions on the skin without pulmonary or gastrointestinal involvement, both of which were very similar to pseudofarcy. It was diagnosed as histoplasmosis by the detection of internal transcribed spacer legions of rRNA gene of H. capsulatum from paraffin embedded tissue samples. Furthermore, the fungal isolate from the human case with no history of going abroad or immigrating was identified as H. capsulatum var. farciminosum by a gene sequence. These facts indicated that pseudofarcy is not only an infectious disease in horses, but also a zoonotic fungal infection. Japanese autochthonous canine histoplasmosis might be a heteroecism of pseudofarcy because of its likeness to the human case, the similarity of clinical manifestations and the historical background at this stage.

  12. Orthodontic-surgical treatment of bilateral maxillary canine impaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumitra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 13-year-old female patient reported with the chief complaint of irregular front teeth. She had a skeletal Class III and Angle′s Class I malocclusion with hyperdivergent growth pattern and bilateral impaction of maxillary canines. Surgical exposure of the impacted teeth and orthodontic alignment was planned. The surgical exposure was done by a minimally invasive modified window technique. Orthodontic treatment of impacted canines without causing significant morbidity to the adjacent teeth and periodontium is a challenge. The bilaterally impacted maxillary canines were successfully aligned and leveled. The depth of the gingival sulcus and clinical crown heights of disimpacted teeth were normal post-treatment and after 1 year of retention.

  13. The human urinary microbiome and how it relates to urogynecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneeweiss, Jenifer; Koch, Marianne; Umek, Wolfgang

    2016-09-01

    Recent studies applying molecular techniques have demonstrated the presence of a urinary microbiota not detected by standard microbiological techniques. These have been found in the urine of healthy individuals and in those suffering from clinical symptoms. The present article reviews the findings of these studies to date, describing the molecular techniques, and specifically outlining any differences in microbiomes in relation to urogynecological disease. Further, the role of commensal bacteria in the lower urinary tract is considered. An extensive literature search was conducted to identify articles on the microbiome of the female urinary tract in health and disease. We searched the electronic meta-databases Ovid MEDLINE® 1946-2015 and Embase 1974-2015. The keywords "microbiome, microbiota, bacterial colonization, microbiology, commensal bacteria, and bacteriuria" were searched in combination with "lower urinary tract symptoms, urogenital symptoms, urinary tract infection, overactive bladder and urinary incontinence." A total of 426 papers were retrieved; 33 were included in this paper. The microbiome of the female lower urinary tract shows variance between individuals and between age groups. There are significant differences between the microbiota in the lower urinary tract of individuals with urological symptoms and those without, relating to type and proportion of commensal Lactobacillus spp. There is only weak evidence to suggest that Lactobacillus might be applied as a therapeutic measure. It is still unclear what role microbiota plays in female urinary tract health. The discovery of bacteria in the urine of healthy individuals may have implications for future therapies for lower urinary tract symptoms.

  14. Endodontic Surgery of a Deviated Premolar Root in the Surgical Orthodontic Management of an Impacted Maxillary Canine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedullà, Eugenio; Valentino, Jessica; Rapisarda, Silvia

    2015-10-01

    Maxillary canine impactions are of multifactorial etiology. The incidence of maxillary canine impaction ranges from 1% to 4%. One of the reasons for canine impaction might be a deviated premolar root. This report describes surgical-orthodontic extrusion of an upper canine that occurred only after the endodontic surgery treatment of the adjacent deviated premolar root. Orthograde endodontic treatment followed by endodontic surgery with retrograde filling of the deviated premolar root was performed to obtain a surgical-orthodontic extrusion of the upper canine. A female patient, aged 15 years, with a class I molar relationship was referred to continue the orthodontic therapy. Although a correct surgical-orthodontic extrusion with adequate anchorage was carried out, the maxillary left canine had not erupted. Radiographic examination showed a deviated palatal root of the adjacent maxillary first premolar in the canine eruption path. Root canal filling followed by endodontic surgery of the first premolar deviated root has led to rapid progression of the canine and its placement in the arch in just 3 months. A multidisciplinary management involving endodontic treatment, endodontic surgery, and surgical-orthodontic extrusion could be considered a successful approach in the maxillary impacted canine cases in which adjacent premolar root is deviated. Long-term radiographic follow-up (6 years) indicated stable periodontal health of the canine and premolar without the presence of root resorption. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Hypercalciuria in children with urinary tract symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fallahzadeh M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We performed this prospective study to determine the urinary calcium to creatinine ratio (Ca/Cr in children with different urinary symptoms. We studied 523 children in our neph-rology clinic with an age range of 3 to 14 years (mean= 8 and male to female ratio of 0.61. All the children had at least one of the urinary tract symptoms (dysuria, frequency, urgency, abdo-minal and/or flank pain, diurnal incontinence or enuresis, microscopic hematuria, urinary tract infection or urolithiasis. Fasting urine was collected for measuring calcium and creatinine and the results were compared to the values for the normal Iranian children. Ca/Cr ratio of more than 0.2 (mg/mg was considered as hypercalciuria. Of all the patients, 166 (31.3% were hypercalciuric. Urine Ca/Cr ratio was significantly higher in all the subgroups with one or more of the urinary symptoms (P< 0.001. We conclude that urine Ca/Cr ratio is significantly increased in children with all types of urinary symptoms. We recommend measuring urinary calcium in all children with urinary tract symptoms, especially if unexplained.

  16. Impacted maxillary canines and root resorption of adjacent teeth: A retrospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarnieri, R; Cavallini, C; Vernucci, R; Vichi, M; Leonardi, R; Barbato, E

    2016-11-01

    The prevalence of impacted maxillary canine is reported to be between 1% and 3%. The lack of monitoring and the delay in the treatment of the impacted canine can cause different complications such as: displacement of adjacent teeth, loss of vitality of neighbouring teeth, shortening of the dental arch, follicular cysts, canine ankylosis, recurrent infections, recurrent pain, internal resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, external resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, combination of these factors. An appropriate diagnosis, accurate predictive analysis and early intervention are likely to prevent such undesirable effects. The objective is to evaluate, by means of a retrospective observational study, the possibility of carrying out a predictive analysis of root resorption adjacent to the impacted canines by means of orthopantomographs, so as to limit the prescription of additional 3D radiography. 120 subjects with unilateral or bilateral maxillary impacted canine were examined and 50 patients with 69 impacted maxillary canine (22 male, 28 female; mean age: 11.7 years) satisfied the inclusion criteria of the study. These patients were subjected to a basic clinical and radiographic investigation (orthopantomographs and computerized tomography). All panoramic films were viewed under standardized conditions for the evaluation of two main variables: maxillary canine angulations (a, b, g angles) and the overlapping between the impacted teeth and the lateral incisor (Analysis of Lindauer). Binary logistic regression was used to estimate the likelihood of resorbed lateral incisors depending on sector location and angle measurements. Results indicated that b angle has the greatest influence on the prediction of root resorption (predictive value of b angle = 76%). If β angle <18° and Lindauer = I, the probability of resorption is 0.06. Evaluation of b angle and superimposition lateral incisor/impacted canine analysed on orthopantomographs could be one of

  17. [Causes and diagnosis of female urinary incontinence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schorsch, I; Soljanik, I; Stanislaus, P; Bauer, R; Mayer, M; Hocaoglu, Y; Becker, A; May, F

    2007-09-20

    The primary cause of stress incontinence is birth traumata. However, obesity, asthma, chronic constipation or hard physical work can also overtax the pelvic floor and lead to injury of the connective tissue and a slackening of the ligamentous apparatus. Pelvic floor defects are initially diagnosed simply through a thorough urogynaecological examination. To predict the success of a surgical treatment, the functions can be tested by performing simulated operations.

  18. Female sexual function and urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekker, Milou Dieuwertje

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the intriguing and relevant relationship between UI and FSD in urological practice. This relationship is addressed from anatomical, clinical and health care points of view. The initial question was whether urologists should play a role in sexual health care of

  19. Female sexual function and urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekker, Milou Dieuwertje

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the intriguing and relevant relationship between UI and FSD in urological practice. This relationship is addressed from anatomical, clinical and health care points of view. The initial question was whether urologists should play a role in sexual health care of

  20. [Transobturator slings for female stress urinary incontinence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Ana; Jesus, André; Carvalho, Maria; Carvalho, Giselda; Marques, João; Falcão, Francisco; Torgal, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A incontinência urinária de esforço afeta 20 a 40% das mulheres. Os slings colocados sob a uretra média, aplicados por via transobturadora, são a terapêutica consensualmente aceite na atualidade. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia e possíveis complicações associadas à aplicação dos slings colocados por via transobturadora no tratamento da incontinência urinária de esforço. Material e Métodos: Avaliaram-se retrospetivamente 363 doentes submetidas a cirurgia de incontinência urinária de esforço por via transobturadora, nos Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra do Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, no período de 1 Janeiro de 2008 a 1 Julho de 2010. Resultados: A média das idades das doentes foi de 56 anos [28-86]. Além da correção da incontinência urinária de esforço, em 13,5% das mulheres foi associada outra cirurgia vaginal. A maioria (95,3%) das mulheres apresentou hipermobilidade da uretra. Ocorreram complicações per-operatórias em 0,8%, complicações pós-operatórias imediatas em 5,2% e complicações pós-operatórias tardias em 15,7%. A taxa de sucesso global foi de 93,7%. A taxa de sucesso nas doentes com uretra fixa foi 77,8%, verificando-se melhores resultados (94,5%) naquelas com hipermobilidade da uretra (p = 0,02). A taxa de sucesso foi comparável nas doentes com e sem cirurgias vaginais associadas. Discussão: As técnicas transobturadoras têm taxas de sucesso elevadas, tendo-se tornado o tratamento de primeira linha para as doentes com IUE, independentemente se tratadas pela técnica outside-in (TOT®) ou pela inside-out (TVT-O®). Ambas as técnicas foram concebidas com o intuito de evitar a passagem no espaço retropúbico, reduzindo assim o número de complicações. Conclusão: As taxas de cura para as abordagens transobturadoras oscilam entre 80 e 95%. A taxa de cura aumenta quando o mecanismo responsável pela incontinência urinária de esforço é a hipermobilidade da uretra, contudo não é alterada quando são realizadas concomitantemente outras cirurgias vaginais.

  1. Urinary Exosomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Dimov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Exosomes are nanovesicles of endocytic origin that are secreted into the extracellular space or body fluids when a multivesicular body (MVB fuses with the cell membrane. Interest in exosomes intensified after their description in antigen-presenting cells and the observation that they can significantly moderate immune responses in vivo. In the past few years, several groups have reported on the secretion of exosomes by almost all cell types in an organism. In addition to a common set of membrane and cytosolic molecules, exosomes harbor unique subsets of proteins, reflecting their cellular source. Major research efforts were put into their surprisingly various biological functions and in translating knowledge into clinical practice. Urine provides an exciting noninvasive alternative to blood or tissue samples as a potential source of disease biomarkers. Urinary exosomes (UE became the subject of serious studies just a few years ago. A recent large-scale proteomics-based study of normal UE revealed a myriad of proteins, including disease-related gene products. Thus, UE have valuable potential as a source of biomarkers for early detection of various types of diseases, monitoring the disease evolution and/or response to therapy. As a relatively new field of research, it still faces many challenges, but UE have already shown some straightforward potential.

  2. Restoration of missing or misplaced canines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, C F; Reinhardt, R A

    1985-06-01

    Restorative treatments for canines were discussed to correct three clinical abnormalities: (1) fully erupted permanent canine in the lateral incisor position, (2) missing permanent canines, and (3) partially exposed canines in normal arch position. The primary concerns are the development of esthetics, anterior guidance, and adequate support for fixed restorations.

  3. Comparative mapping of canine and human proximal Xq and genetic analysis of canine X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deschenes, S.M.; Puck, J.M.; Dutra, A.S. [Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Children`s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Parallel genetic analysis of animal and human genetic diseases can facilitate the identification and characterization of the causative gene defects. For example, canine X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by clinical, pathological, and immunological manifestations similar to the most common form of human SCID. To derive a canine syntenic map including genes that in humans are located in proximal Xq, near human X-linked SCID, poly (TG) polymorphisms were identified at the canine phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) and choroideremia (CHM) loci. These plus a polymorphic poly (CAG) sequence in exon 1 of the canine androgen receptor gene (AR) were used to genotype members of the colony informative for X-linked SCID. No recombinations among SCIDX1, AR, PGK, or CHM were observed. Fluorescence in situ hybridization localized PGK and CHM to proximal Xq in the dog, in the same chromosomal location occupied by the human genes. Somatic cell hybrid analysis and methylation differences at AR demonstrated that female dogs carrying X-linked SCID have the same lymphocyte-limited skewed X-chromosome inactivation patterns as human carriers. These genetic and phenotypic findings provide evidence that mutations in the same gene, now identified as the {gamma} chain of the IL-2 receptor, cause canine and human X-linked SCID. This approach is an efficient method for comparative gene mapping and disease identification. 35 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Radiographic assessment of dental anomalies in patients with ectopic maxillary canines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Helle Budtz; Artmann, Lone; Larsen, Helle Juul;

    2008-01-01

    International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2008 Background. The aetiology of palatally and labially located ectopic maxillary canines is multifactorial. Accordingly, early prediction of this eruptional disturbance is in most cases not possible. Aim. The purpose of this study was to analyse...... dental deviations in cases with either palatal or labial ectopic canines. Design. Panoramic and intra-oral radiographs from 50 patients with palatally located (38 females and 12 males) and 19 patients with labially located ectopic canines (11 females and 8 males), aged 10 years, 2 months-18 years, 1...... month, were analysed. Dental deviations registered were crown and root malformations, agenesis, and eruption deviations. Registrations were performed in the maxillary incisor field and in the dentition in general. Results. The study documented that palatally as well as labially located ectopic canines...

  5. 妇女泌尿道常见病原菌的分布与抗菌药物耐药性分析%Distribution of common pathogens in female urinary tract and drug resistance to antibiotics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙远南

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate and analyze the distribution of common pathogens in female urinary tracts and the clinical use of antibiotics to guide the rational use of antibiotics in clinic. METHODS Pathogen strains were isolated and identified by traditional methods from midstream urine. And drug resistance test was performed. RESULTS Out of 938 midstream urine specimens, 346 samples was positive (36. 9%). 684 pathogens were detected, including Gram-negative germ (451 strains, 65. 9%), Gram-positive germ (165 strains. 24. 1%) and eumycete (68 strains, 9. 9%). The common pathogens in urinary system infection were Escherichia coli (256 strains, 37. 4%). Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (103 strains, 15. 1%), Proteusbacillus vulgaris (92 strains, 13.5%), Candida albicans (68 strains, 9. 9%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (53 strains, 7.8%). The resistance rates of Gram-negative germ to gentamycin, cefatriaxone and ampicillin were high, but to netilmicin, imipenem and furantoin were low. The resistance rates of gram positive germ to penicillin, roxithromycin and ciprofloxacin were high, but to vancomycin, cefoperazone and gatifloxacin were low. The resistance rates of Candida albicans to fluconazole and itraconazole were low. CONCLUSION The doctors should intelligently use antibacterial to reduce drug resistance rate, based on the result of pathogen culture.%目的 调查分析妇科患者泌尿道常见病原菌分布及临床用药情况,指导临床合理用药.方法 选取患者中段尿标本938份,按常规方法分离培养及鉴定病原菌,并予以药物敏感试验.结果 938份中段尿标本,分离出346份阳性标本,阳性率为36.9%,共检出684株病原菌,其中革兰阴性菌为451株,占65.9%,革兰阳性菌为165株,占24.1%,真菌68株,占9.9%;泌尿道感染常见的病原菌依次为:大肠埃希菌256株,占37.4%,凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌103株,占15.1%,变形菌属92株,占13.5%,白色假丝酵母菌68株,占9.9

  6. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Urinary Tract? Your urinary tract is actually a system made up of these main parts: two kidneys ... ON THIS TOPIC Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting Contact Us Print Resources ...

  7. Artificial SMA valve for treatment of urinary incontinence: upgrading of valve and introduction of transcutaneous transformer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, M; Hirano, K; Goto, H; Namima, T; Uchi, K; Jiang, Z W; Matsuki, H; Tanahashi, Y; Orikasa, S; Chonan, S

    1999-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the development of an artificial urethral valve driven by shape memory alloy actuators, which is attached onto the urethra of a urinary incontinence sufferer for treating the involuntary micturition. Three types of compact cylindrical valves are assembled and their opening and closing functions are examined experimentally. The updated valve is heated and opened by using the transcutaneous energy transformer consisting of a pair of flexible spiral-formed copper wire coils. The experiment using the canine urinary canal verifies that the total system of the valve and the transformer works well as an artificial sphictor muscle and controls the urinary flow through the canal appropriately.

  8. Canine mammary gland tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorenmo, Karin

    2003-05-01

    The National Consensus Group recommends that all women with tumors larger than 1 cm be offered chemotherapy regardless of tumor histology of lymph node status. This recommendation is to ensure that everyone at risk for failing, even though the risk may be low in women with relatively small tumors and favorable histology, has a choice and receives the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy. This type of treatment recommendation may also be made in dogs based on recognized, well-accepted prognostic factors such as tumor size, stage, type, and histologic differentiation. Based on the limited clinical information available in veterinary medicine, the drugs that are effective in human breast cancer, such as cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil, and doxorubicin, may also have a role in the treatment of malignant mammary gland tumors in dogs. Randomized prospective studies are needed, however, to evaluate the efficacy of chemotherapy in dogs with high-risk mammary gland tumors and to determine which drugs and protocols are the most efficacious. Until such studies are performed, the treatment of canine mammary gland tumors will be based on the individual oncologist's understanding of tumor biology, experience, interpretation of the available studies, and a little bit of gut-feeling. Table 2 is a proposal for treatment guidelines for malignant canine mammary gland tumors according to established prognostic factors, results from published veterinary studies, and current recommendations for breast cancer treatment in women.

  9. Clomipramine-induced urinary retention in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, E; Guy, N; Cribb, A

    1999-04-01

    A 10-year-old, female, spayed shorthair with presumed psychogenic alopecia was treated with clomipramine (1 mg/kg body weight/day). The cat developed urinary retention within 2 days. Clomipramine was discontinued. Clinical signs resolved over the next 7 days. The urinary retention was attributed to the anticholinergic effects of clomipramine.

  10. Dilatation and curettage of urinary bladder: A rarity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-eight-year-old female while undergoing a medical termination of pregnancy (MTP encounter complete urethral loss and massive bladder curettage. After resuscitation, she developed continuous urinary leakage followed by progressive decline in urine output. Case is highlighted here because of the massive vesico-urethral trauma because of MTP, leading to permanent urinary diversion.

  11. [Male urinary incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, TA de; Heesakkers, J.P.F.A.

    2008-01-01

    *Urinary incontinence in males is gaining increasingly more attention. *Male urinary incontinence can be classified as storage incontinence due to overactive bladder syndrome or stress incontinence due to urethral sphincter dysfunction. *Most patients benefit from the currently available treatment o

  12. A clinical study of transobturator Monarc tape in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence%经闭孔Monarc悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任选义; 张雪培; 魏金星; 刘建华

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨经闭孔Monarc悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的疗效和安全性.方法 2008年10月~2010年09月,应用Monarc悬吊术治疗女性SUI,收集患者的一般情况、围手术期及随访资料,评估其临床疗效和并发症.结果 共74例女性SUI参与这项研究,年龄36~79岁,病程4~25年,分娩1~6次.手术均成功,时间17~23 min,失血量35~105mL.术中阴道损伤3例,无膀胱尿道损伤.新发排尿困难3例、尿急3例、大腿根部疼痛2例,经采取相应处理后均消退.术后70例治愈,3例改善,1例失败.随访2~4年,在6周、6、12和24月时治愈率分别为94.6%、93.2%、91.9%和91.9% (P>0.05).结论 经闭孔Monarc悬吊术治疗女性SUI手术安全,并发症少,效果良好.%Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transobturator Monarc tension-free tape for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods The clinical data of SUI cases treated with Monarc procedure during Oct.2008 to Sept.2010 were analyzed,including general condition,operative procedures,cure rate and complications.Results 74 cases were selected,who aged 36~79 years,delivered 1~6 times and had a disease course of 4~25 years.All operations were successful,with the operation time being 17~23 min,and blood loss 35~ 105 mL.No bladder or urethra injuries were found.3 cases of dysuresia,3 cases of urgent urination,and 2 cases of thigh pain occurred,and the symptoms were relieved after management.During the follow-up of 2~4 years,70 cases were cured,3 cases improved and 1 case failed.6weeks,6,12 and 24 months after the operation,the cure rate was 94.6 %,93.2 %,91.9 % and 91.9%,respectively (P>0.05).Conclusions Transobturator Monarc tape is safe and effective for the treatment of female SUI,with few complications and satisfactory results.

  13. Female urethral syndrome. A female prostatitis?

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    The cause of the female urethral syndrome has previously been obscure, as it has been associated by definition with a lack of objective findings but a plethora of subjective complaints of retropubic pressure, dyspareunia, urinary frequency, and dysuria. There is now strong evidence that the microscopic paraurethral glands connected to the distal third of the urethra in the prevaginal space are homologous to the prostate. They stain histologically for prostate-specific antigen and, like the pr...

  14. Evaluation of quality of life and intervention measures of female patients with urinary incontinence%女性尿失禁患者生活质量的评价及干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管晓萌; 孙涛; 吴臣; 刘妍; 王克芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨尿失禁对女性生活质量的影响及改善其生活质量积极有效的措施。方法 分析患有尿失禁女性的生活质量评价及干预的研究现状。结果 尿失禁在生理、心理、日常生活、性生活等方面不同程度地影响了患者的生活质量,通过规律的盆底肌肉锻炼能够预防及控制尿失禁症状,改善患者的生活质量。结论 应当在社区开展一些宣传活动,积极宣传尿失禁是可以治疗的,采取积极有效的措施来预防和管理尿失禁,改善患者的生活质量。%Objective To explore the impact of urinary incontinence on women's quality of life, and the effective measures to improve it. Methods We conducted a comprehensive literature review to analyze the present research about quality of life on urinary incontinent women and interventions for improving it. Results Urinary incontinence influenced patients' quality of life in many aspects, especially in their physical health, mental health, daily living and sexual life. Regular pelvic floor muscle training could prevent and control the incontinence symptoms and improve patients' quality of life. Conclusions It is necessary to carry on a series of activities to propagandize that urinary incontinence can be treated, effective measures should be taken to prevent and manage urinary incontinence in order to improve quality of life in urinary incontinent women.

  15. Urinary β-HCG in Benign and Malignant Urinary Tract Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.-B. Halim

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Detectable leve ls of HCG have been reported in conditions other th an normal pregnancy, including threatened abortion, ectopic pregnancy, trophoblastic tumors, carcinomas of the stomach, liver, pancreas and breast as well as multiple myeloma and melanoma. The present study was conducted to estimate urinary β-HCG in bladder cancer and benign urinary tract disorders. 163 individuals were included, 68 with bladder cancer (60 males and 8 females, 64 with benign urinary tract diseases (55 males and 9 females and 31 normal healthy controls (26 males and 5 females. Urinary β-HCG was estimated by the ELISA technique using the reagents supplied by DRG International Inc., Germany. Results of th e study revealed an overexpression of β-HCG in mali gnant and benign urinary tract diseases. 60.3% of the cancer patients and 29.7% of patients with benign diseases showed urinary β-HCG values above the upper limit of the control group (2mIU/ml .

  16. 生物反馈-电刺激+盆底肌肉锻炼治疗女性尿失禁的疗效观察%Curative effect observation of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise in the treatment of female urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯凤英; 宋睿

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the curative effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise in the treatment of female urinary incontinence.Methods:109 cases of female patients with urinary incontinence treated with 5~30 times of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise from December 2010 to March 2014 were as the research object,and the curative effect was assessed after the treatment.Results:The total effective rate of 109 cases with female urinary incontinence treated with 5~30 times was 81.10% .The curative effect of 10~30 times of biofeedback-electrical stimulation treatment was better,and the curative effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise over 42 days was better.Conclusion:The curative effect of 10~30 times of biofeedback-electrical stimulation in the treatment of female urinary incontinence was better,and the curative effect was better if combining pelvic floor muscle exercise over 42 days.%目的:探讨生物反馈-电刺激+盆底肌肉锻炼治疗女性尿失禁的疗效。方法:2010年12月-2014年3月接受生物反馈-电刺激+盆底肌肉锻炼治疗5~30次的女性尿失禁患者109例作为观察对象,评定治疗后的效果。结果:109例女性尿失禁患者治疗5~30次的总有效率81.10%。生物反馈-电刺激治疗10~30次疗效较好;盆底肌肉锻炼42天以上疗效较好。结论:女性尿失禁进行生物反馈-电刺激治疗10~30次的疗效确切,加上盆底肌肉锻炼42天以上疗效更好。

  17. Root Length and Anatomy of Impacted Maxillary Canines in Patients with Unilateral Maxillary Canine Impaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostfa Shahabi

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Canine impaction is a common occurrence. In this study, we sought to investigate the root anatomy and length of impacted canines and lateral incisor adjacent to impacted maxillary canine. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, three-dimensional tomographic imaging was performed on 26 patients with unilateral maxillary canine impaction. In this study, we evaluated root length and anatomy of impacted canines, in terms of resorption intensity and curvature, with Planmeca Romexis Viewer 4.0. Furthermore, crown shape as well as root length and anatomy of the lateral incisors adjacent to impacted canines were investigated and compared with the other side on the dental arch, where canine eruption was normal. Results: Root length of impacted canines was significantly lower than that of normal canines (P=0.011. There were no significant differences between root length of lateral incisors adjacent to impacted canines and root length of lateral incisors adjacent to normal canines (P=0.221. Moreover, the resorption intensity of the adjacent lateral incisors was higher than that of the impacted canines. No significant differences were noted in root resorption intensity between the lateral incisors adjacent to the imacted canines and the lateral incisors adjacent to normal canines (P=0.36. In addition, resorption intensity was significantly higher in impacted canines than in normal canines (P=0.024. Root anatomy of impacted canines was not significantly different from that of normal canines (P=0.055. The crown shape of the lateral incisors adjacent to impacted canines was not significantly different from that of the lateral incisors adjacent to normal canines (P=0.052. Conclusion: Impaction can probably affect root length and canine resorption severity. However, root and crown shape of lateral incisors cannot always be associated with canine impaction.

  18. Expression and significance of CHIP in canine mammary gland tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Huanan; Yang, Xu; Jin, Yipeng; Pei, Shimin; Zhang, Di; Ma, Wen; Huang, Jian; QIU, Hengbin; Zhang, Xinke; JIANG, Qiuyue; Sun, Weidong; Zhang, Hong; Lin, Degui

    2015-01-01

    CHIP (Carboxy terminus of Hsc70 Interacting Protein) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that can induce ubiquitination and degradation of several oncogenic proteins. The expression of CHIP is frequently lower in human breast cancer than in normal breast tissue. However, the expression and role of CHIP in the canine mammary gland tumor (CMGT) remain unclear. We investigated the potential correlation between CHIP expression and mammary gland tumor prognosis in female dogs. CHIP expression was measured i...

  19. Systemic canine histoplasmosis: A case report from Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Yépez, Julio R; Ortega-Paredes, David A; Barba, Pedro M; Mafla-Endara, Paola M; Zurita, Jeannete

    2015-09-01

    Histoplasmosis is a zoonotic systemic mycosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. We report a case of a female canine, 4 years old, presenting multifocal lymphadenitis and skin and gingival lesions, in Ecuador. Based on cytological, histopathological, histochemical analyses, fungal culture and DNA sequencing of the ITS region of the fungus, the diagnosis confirmed the presence of H. capsulatum as the agent of infection. The treatment plan included ketoconazole with a satisfactory outcome.

  20. Urinary biomarkers in hexachloro-1:3-butadiene-induced acute kidney injury in the female Hanover Wistar rat; correlation of α-glutathione S-transferase, albumin and kidney injury molecule-1 with histopathology and gene expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Aubrey; Turton, John; Scudamore, Cheryl L; Pereira, Ines; Viswanathan, Neeti; Smyth, Rosemary; Munday, Michael; McClure, Fiona; Gandhi, Mitul; Sondh, Surjit; York, Malcolm

    2011-05-01

    Hexachloro-1:3-butadiene (HCBD) causes kidney injury specific to the pars recta of the proximal tubule. In the present studies, injury to the nephron was characterized at 24 h following a single dose of HCBD, using a range of quantitative urinary measurements, renal histopathology and gene expression. Multiplexed renal biomarker measurements were performed using both the Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) and Rules Based Medicine platforms. In a second study, rats were treated with a single nephrotoxic dose of HCBD and the time course release of a range of traditional and newer urinary biomarkers was followed over a 25 day period. Urinary albumin (a marker of both proximal tubular function and glomerular integrity) and α-glutathione S-transferase (α-GST, a proximal tubular cell marker of cytoplasmic leakage) showed the largest fold change at 24 h (day 1) after dosing. Most other markers measured on either the MSD or RBM platforms peaked on day 1 or 2 post-dosing, whereas levels of kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), a marker of tubular regeneration, peaked on day 3/4. Therefore, in rat proximal tubular nephrotoxicity, the measurement of urinary albumin, α-GST and KIM-1 is recommended as they potentially provide useful information about the function, degree of damage and repair of the proximal tubule. Gene expression data provided useful confirmatory information regarding exposure of the kidney and liver to HCBD, and the response of these tissues to HCBD in terms of metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, and regeneration and repair.

  1. 女性压力性尿失禁危险因素及盆底肌康复进展%Risk factors about stress urinary incontinence in female and the development of pelvic floor muscle ;rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史蕾; 耿连霞; 张艳平; 乔秋阁

    2016-01-01

    Urinary incontinence is a common disease of women. Approximately there are two billion patients with urinary incontinence globally, SUI accounts for almost 1/2 of urinary incontinence. Stress urinary incontinence not only affects women′s health and limits the patients′ daily behavior and physical activity, resulting in anxiety, depression, etc. In view of the high prevalence of SUI, the high impact rate and low rate of diagnosis and treatment, the clinical medical professionals need to understand the relevant contents of SUI. This review will summarize the risk factors about stress urinary incontinence and the development of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. We hope to provide reference for clinical practice.%尿失禁是女性常见的疾病,全球约有2亿尿失禁患者,压力性尿失禁( SUI)几乎占尿失禁的二分之一。压力性尿失禁不仅影响女性躯体健康,限制其日常行为和体力活动,同时造成患者焦虑、抑郁等心理问题。鉴于SUI的高患病率、对生活的高影响率及低诊治率,临床医护人员亟待系统地了解SUI。本文就SUI的危险因素及治疗进展进行综述,以期为临床实践提供参考。

  2. Impacto da reeducação postural global no tratamento da incontinência urinária de esforço feminina Impact of global postural reeducation for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Celina Martins Fozzatti

    2008-02-01

    global postural reeducation (GPR on stress urinary incontinence (SUI and quality of life in SUI female patients METHODS: The study design was a prospective non-randomized clinical trial. Twenty-six patients with symptoms of SUI were selected from the Urogynecology Outpatient Clinics of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Age ranged from 23 to 72 years old (mean 50.8. All women were submitted to anamnesis, physical exam, postural evaluation and urodynamic testing. Patients were treated by the GPR in individual 50 minute sessions weekly for three months and twice a month for the next three months. All patients were re-evaluated at the end of treatment and six months later by means of General Impression of Improvement, Incontinence Impact, General Perception of Health, Functional Evaluation of the Pelvic Floor, Number of Leaking Episodes and Pad Use. RESULTS: At the end of treatment 4 (16% of the patients were cured, 18 (72% had improved significantly and 3 (12% failed. At 6 months, 6 (24% were cured, 16 (64% improved and 3 (12% failed (p<0.001. Quality of Life questionnaires presented significant improvement (p<0.05 in all domains, with emphasis on General Perception of Health, Incontinence Impact and number of leaking episodes. The Functional Evaluation of the Pelvic Floor and Pad Use also presented significant (p<0.001 improvement. CONCLUSION: These results may demonstrate that GPR is an efficient alternative for treatment of stress urinary incontinence.

  3. Effect of health education based on health promotion model on lifestyle of adult female patients with stress urinary incontinence%健康促进模式教育对成年女性压力性尿失禁患者生活方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文香

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨健康促进模式教育对成年女性压力性尿失禁患者生活方式的影响.方法 将2013年3月至2014年2月收治的压力性尿失禁患者(SUI) 110例随机分为实验组和对照组各55例,对照组按常规给予健康教育,实验组在给予常规健康教育的基础上,构建和实施健康促进模式进行健康教育.入院时行一般资料调查、国际尿失禁咨询委员会尿失禁问卷表简表(ICI-Q-SF)、尿失禁生活质量量表(I-QOL)、健康促进生活方式评定量表Ⅱ(Health-Promoting Lifestyle ProfileⅡ,HPLPⅡ)、压力性尿失禁特异性生活方式依从性问卷调查,出院后1、3、6个月后通过电话随访完成压力性尿失禁患者特异性生活方式问卷.结果 实验组出院后1、3、6个月特异性生活方式依从性总分均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 健康促进模式教育能改善成年女性压力性尿失禁患者健康行为水平,提高其生活方式的依从性.%Objective To explore the inftuence of health education based on health promotion model on lifestyle of adult female patients with stress urinary incontinence.Methods 110 adult female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) between March 2013 and February 2014 were randomly divided into experimental group (55 cases) and control group (55 cases).Patients in control group accepted routine health education,while patients in experimental group accepted health education based on health promotion model on the basis of routine health education.General data investigation,Intemational Incontinence Advisory Committee on Urinary Incontinence Questionnaire Summary Table (ICI-Q-SF),Stress Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life (I-QOL),Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile Ⅱ (HPLP Ⅱ),stress urinary incontinence specific lifestyle compliance questionnaire survey were used at admission.A telephone interview about specific lifestyle questionnaire on patients with stress urinary

  4. Improved efficiency of canine nucleus transfer using roscovitine-treated canine fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, H J; Hong, S G; Park, J E; Kang, J T; Kim, M J; Kim, M K; Kang, S K; Kim, D Y; Jang, G; Lee, B C

    2009-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether roscovitine (the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 inhibitor) effectively induces synchronization of the donor cell cycle at G0/G1 and to examine the effect of donor cell cycle synchronization protocols on canine somatic cell nucleus transfer. Canine fibroblasts were obtained from skin biopsy cultures taken from a 7-yr-old retriever. The donor cell cycle was synchronized either by culturing cells to reach confluency or by treating cells with 15 microg/mL roscovitine for 24h. Cell cycle stages and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. After synchronization of the donor cell cycle, cells were placed with enucleated in vivo-matured dog oocytes, fused by electric stimulation, activated, and transferred into 18 naturally estrus-synchronized surrogates. There was no significant difference in cell cycle synchronization and apoptosis rates between the confluent and roscovitine groups. After transfer of reconstructed embryos, pregnancy was detected in three of nine surrogates that received cloned embryos reconstructed with roscovitine-treated cells, whereas only one of nine surrogates was pregnant after transfer of cloned embryos reconstructed with confluent cells. One pregnant female from the confluent cell group delivered one live and one dead pup, but the live one died within 5 days after birth. Three pregnant females from the roscovitine-treated cell group delivered eight live pups and one dead pup, and one of eight live pups died within 6 days after birth. In conclusion, the current results demonstrated that reconstructing embryos with roscovitine-treated cells resulted in increased efficiency of canine somatic cell nucleus transfer.

  5. Effect of weight loss on urinary incontinence in women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whitcomb EL

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Emily L Whitcomb1, Leslee L Subak21Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Orange County-Irvine Medical Center, Irvine, CA, USA; 2University of California San Francisco, UCSF Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, and Urology, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, SF Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USABackground: The purpose of this research was review the epidemiology of the association of obesity and urinary incontinence, and to summarize the published data on the effect of weight loss on urinary incontinence.Methods: A literature review of the association between urinary incontinence and overweight/obesity in women was performed. Case series and clinical trials reporting the effect of surgical, behavioral, and/or pharmacological weight loss on urinary incontinence are summarized.Results: Epidemiological studies demonstrate that obesity is a strong and independent risk factor for prevalent and incident urinary incontinence. There is a clear dose-response effect of weight on urinary incontinence, with each 5-unit increase in body mass index associated with a 20%–70% increase in risk of urinary incontinence. The maximum effect of weight on urinary incontinence has an odds ratio of 4–5. The odds of incident urinary incontinence over 5–10 years increase by approximately 30%–60% for each 5-unit increase in body mass index. There appears to be a stronger association between increasing weight and prevalent and incident stress incontinence (including mixed incontinence than for urge incontinence. Weight loss studies indicate that both surgical and nonsurgical weight loss leads to significant improvements in prevalence, frequency, and/or symptoms of urinary incontinence.Conclusion: Epidemiological studies document overweight and obesity as important risk factors for urinary incontinence. Weight loss by both surgical and more conservative

  6. Long-term effectiveness of canine-to-canine bonded flexible spiral wire lingual retainers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renkema, Anne-Marie; Renkema, Alianne; Bronkhorst, Ewald; Katsaros, Christos

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The flexible spiral wire (FSW) canine-to-canine lingual retainer bonded to all 6 anterior teeth is a frequently used type of mandibular fixed retainer. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of FSW canine-to-canine lingual retainers in maintaining the alignment of the m

  7. 9 CFR 113.305 - Canine Hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Type 2 Vaccine. 113.305 Section 113.305 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION... STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Live Virus Vaccines § 113.305 Canine Hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine. Canine Hepatitis Vaccine and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing...

  8. Long-term effectiveness of canine-to-canine bonded flexible spiral wire lingual retainers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renkema, A.M.; Bronkhorst, E.M.; Katsaros, C.

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The flexible spiral wire (FSW) canine-to-canine lingual retainer bonded to all 6 anterior teeth is a frequently used type of mandibular fixed retainer. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of FSW canine-to-canine lingual retainers in maintaining the alignment of the m

  9. Analysis of the status and influencing factors of stress urinary incontinence among community prenatal and postnatal females%社区女性孕期和产后压力性尿失禁情况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨子樱; 郝岩; 李爱平; 赵红

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status and influencing factors of stress urinary incontinence among community prenatal and postnatal females. Methods A tatal of 101 3 - year - after - delivery women from one community of Beijing were recruited and investigated with the Short Term of International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ -SF). Results Among all the famales,41. 58% of them once had stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy or after delivery. The influencing factors of postpartum stress urinary incontinence were age and delivery mode. Conclusion It is common for community women to have stress urinary incontinence, and it is necessary to develop health education for this disease in the community, popularize the disease knowledge and promoting the prevention and treatment.%目的 调查社区女性孕期及产后压力性尿失禁的患病情况及其影响因素.方法 采用尿失禁问卷对北京市某社区101名产后3年内的女性进行问卷调查.结果 41.58%的女性在孕期或产后发生压力性尿失禁.产后压力性尿失禁的影响因素为年龄和分娩方式.结论 社区产后女性发生压力性尿失禁的情况较普遍,今后有必要就这一方面在社区开展健康教育,并对该病的防治手段进行推广.

  10. Perioperative nursing care in the treatment of 68 patients with female stress urinary incontinence by using modified TVT-O procedure%改良TVT-O术治疗女性压力性尿失禁68例围术期护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳; 应梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the perioperative nursing methods in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence by using modified TVT - O procedure. Methods: 68 patients were treated with modified TVT - 0 procedure and given careful perioperative nursing care, including strengthening preoperative pelvic floor muscle and tension training,postoperative nursing care of complications and guidance on bladder function training. Results:The patients were followed up for 6months to one year,urinary incontinence recurred in 4 patients after operation for 6 months and the symptoms disappeared after treatment, without any complication. Conclusion: The modified TVT - 0 procedure has good effect in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence and careful perioperative nursing care is the key to the success of operation.%目的:探讨改良经闭孔无张力阴道吊带术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)患者的围术期护理方法.方法:对68例SUI患者行改良TVT-O术治疗,并给予精心围术期护理,术前加强盆底肌力和紧张性训练,术后做好并发症护理,指导进行膀胱功能训练.结果:本组随访6个月~1年,4例于术后6个月再次出现尿失禁症状,经治疗后好转,其余症状均消失,无并发症发生.结论:改良TVT-O术治疗SUI效果满意,做好围术期护理是手术成功的关键.

  11. Comparison of sexual dimorphism of permanent mandibular canine with mandibular first molar by odontometrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditi Agrawal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Sexual dimorphism is one of important tool of forensic science. The objective of this study is to assess the dimorphic status of mesio-distal (MD and bucco-lingual (BL diameter of mandibular canine with mandibular first molar among the students of dental college. This study is of definite significance as sex chromosomes and hormonal production influenced tooth morphology. Materials and Methods: The descriptive study adopted the purposive sampling technique, of 50 male and 50 female aged 17-25 years, using study casts for mesio-distal and bucco-lingual dimensions of mandibular canine with mandibular first molar were taken using digital Vernier caliper. The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using descriptive statistics and t-test to compare MD and BL dimensions in male and female populations and P ≤ 0.05 was found statistically significant. Results: Sexual dimorphism can be predicted by measuring mesiodistal dimension of mandibular canine and mandibular first molar. The left mandibular canine showed more sexual dimorphism (12.66% in comparison to left mandibular first molar (0.824% only. Right mandibular canine showed greater dimorphism in MD dimensions (10.94% in comparison to right mandibular first molar (6.96%. In bucco-lingual dimensions mandibular canine showed less variability when compared with mandibular first molar, thus our study showed more significance on mesio-distal dimensions of both teeth. Conclusion: The present study concludes statistically significant sexual dimorphism in mandibular canine over mandibular first molar on study casts. The MD dimensions in mandibular canine and mandibular first molar can help in determining sex and identification of unknown person.

  12. Comparison of sexual dimorphism of permanent mandibular canine with mandibular first molar by odontometrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Aditi; Manjunatha, Bhari Shranesha; Dholia, Bhavik; Althomali, Yousef

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Sexual dimorphism is one of important tool of forensic science. The objective of this study is to assess the dimorphic status of mesio-distal (MD) and bucco-lingual (BL) diameter of mandibular canine with mandibular first molar among the students of dental college. This study is of definite significance as sex chromosomes and hormonal production influenced tooth morphology. Materials and Methods: The descriptive study adopted the purposive sampling technique, of 50 male and 50 female aged 17-25 years, using study casts for mesio-distal and bucco-lingual dimensions of mandibular canine with mandibular first molar were taken using digital Vernier caliper. The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using descriptive statistics and t-test to compare MD and BL dimensions in male and female populations and P ≤ 0.05 was found statistically significant. Results: Sexual dimorphism can be predicted by measuring mesiodistal dimension of mandibular canine and mandibular first molar. The left mandibular canine showed more sexual dimorphism (12.66%) in comparison to left mandibular first molar (0.824%) only. Right mandibular canine showed greater dimorphism in MD dimensions (10.94%) in comparison to right mandibular first molar (6.96%). In bucco-lingual dimensions mandibular canine showed less variability when compared with mandibular first molar, thus our study showed more significance on mesio-distal dimensions of both teeth. Conclusion: The present study concludes statistically significant sexual dimorphism in mandibular canine over mandibular first molar on study casts. The MD dimensions in mandibular canine and mandibular first molar can help in determining sex and identification of unknown person. PMID:26816466

  13. Prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence among Chinese women in Shanghai

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Bo; Wang, Lei; Huang, Sheng-Song; Wu, Qiang; Wu, Deng-Long

    2014-01-01

    ...) among Chinese women and its associated risk factors. 5,467 registered female residents aged from 20 years were randomly sampled from four communities in Shanghai, and the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire...

  14. Investigation on Old Female Stress Urinary Incontinence in Miyun County%密云农村地区老年女性压力性尿失禁发病情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙万卉; 李爱阳

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解北京市密云县农村老年女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)患病情况及其对生活质量的影响,为探讨利用农村合作医疗网进行健康教育和行为干预提供依据.方法:依托密云地区农村合作医疗网络,分别选取山区和平原的农村乡镇,由当地的居委会和社区卫生服务中心组织,以调查员问卷调查的方式入户调查,问卷的大部分内容根据亚太地区尿控咨询委员会标准,并根据该地具体情况进行调整.分析农村老年女性SUI患病情况及对生活质量的影响.结果:本调查抽取北京市密云县≥60岁的农村老年女性501例,SUI检出率44.91%(225/501).46.67%( 105/225)初次出现症状是在绝经后;32.89%(74/225)认为对从事家务劳动有影响,27.12%(61/225)认为对参加户外活动有影响,19.12%(43/225)不愿去没有卫生间的场所,15.56% (35/225)因惧怕漏尿故意减少饮水量,5.34%( 12/225)因漏尿需频繁更换内裤.因SUI而感到抑郁、焦虑、沮丧难堪、情绪低落、生活乐趣减少的患者分别占25.78%(58/225)、20.45% (46/225)、13.34%( 30/225)、29.78%(67/225)和8.45% (19/225),仅有2.23% (5/225)认为对生活质量无影响.结论:北京市密云地区农村老年女性SUI患病率较高,对患者日常生活质量及心理健康均有影响,应引起广大医务工作者的重视.%Objective:Investigation on old female stress urinary incontinence(SUI) in miyun county. In older to provide a basis for health education and behavior intervention,rely on Rural-based cooperative medical. Methods:Selected representative rural towns,adopt questionnaire-investigation to collect data,investigation on old female SUI and analysis the/effect of SUI on Life Quality. Results:The investigation randomly selected 501 cases women age≥60 years. The symptoms first appears after the menopause in 46.67% (105/225) women;32.89% (74/225 )women with SUI has an effect on house-work; 27.12%(61/225) women

  15. Urinary incontinence in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Peggy; Brubaker, Linda

    2006-01-07

    Urinary incontinence is common in women, but is under-reported and under-treated. Urine storage and emptying is a complex coordination between the bladder and urethra, and disturbances in the system due to childbirth, aging, or other medical conditions can lead to urinary incontinence. The two main types of incontinence in women, stress urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence, can be evaluated by history and simple clinical assessment available to most primary care physicians. There is a wide range of therapeutic options, but the recent proliferation of new drug treatments and surgical devices for urinary incontinence have had mixed results; direct-to-consumer advertising has increased public awareness of the problem of urinary incontinence, but many new products are being introduced without long-term assessment of their safety and efficacy.

  16. Root length and alveolar bone level of impacted canines and adjacent teeth after orthodontic traction: a long-term evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    da SILVA, Aldir Cordeiro; CAPISTRANO, Anderson; de ALMEIDA-PEDRIN, Renata Rodrigues; CARDOSO, Maurício de Almeida; CONTI, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira; CAPELOZZA, Leopoldino

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Objective The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term effects of orthodontic traction on root length and alveolar bone level in impacted canines and adjacent teeth. Material and Methods Sample consisted of 16 patients (nine males and seven females), mean initial age 11 years and 8 months presenting with unilaterally maxillary impacted canines, palatally displaced, treated with the same surgical and orthodontic approach. Teeth from the impacted-canine side were assigned as Group I (GI), and contralateral teeth as control, Group II (GII). The mean age of patients at the end of orthodontic treatment was 14 years and 2 months and the mean post-treatment time was 5 years and 11 months. Both contralateral erupted maxillary canines and adjacent teeth served as control. Root length and alveolar bone level (buccal and palatal) were evaluated on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. The comparison of root length and alveolar bone level changes between groups were assessed by applying paired t-test, at a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Results There were no statistically significant differences in root length and buccal and palatal bone levels of canines and adjacent teeth among groups. Conclusions Impacted canine treatment by closed-eruption technique associated with canine crown perforation, has a minimal effect on root length and buccal and palatal alveolar bone level in both canine and adjacent teeth, demonstrating that this treatment protocol has a good long-term prognosis. PMID:28198979

  17. Canine Mammary Cancer Stem Cells are Radio- and Chemo- Resistant and Exhibit an Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Lisa Y; Cervantes-Arias, Alejandro; Else, Rod W; Argyle, David J

    2011-03-30

    Canine mammary carcinoma is the most common cancer among female dogs and is often fatal due to the development of distant metastases. In humans, solid tumors are made up of heterogeneous cell populations, which perform different roles in the tumor economy. A small subset of tumor cells can hold or acquire stem cell characteristics, enabling them to drive tumor growth, recurrence and metastasis. In veterinary medicine, the molecular drivers of canine mammary carcinoma are as yet undefined. Here we report that putative cancer stem cells (CSCs) can be isolated form a canine mammary carcinoma cell line, REM134. We show that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres, a characteristic of stem cells, and that they express embryonic stem cell markers associated with pluripotency. Moreover, canine CSCs are relatively resistant to the cytotoxic effects of common chemotherapeutic drugs and ionizing radiation, indicating that failure of clinical therapy to eradicate canine mammary cancer may be due to the survival of CSCs. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been associated with cancer invasion, metastasis, and the acquisition of stem cell characteristics. Our results show that canine CSCs predominantly express mesenchymal markers and are more invasive than parental cells, indicating that these cells have a mesenchymal phenotype. Furthermore, we show that canine mammary cancer cells can be induced to undergo EMT by TGFβ and that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres. Our findings indicate that EMT induction can enrich for cells with CSC properties, and provide further insight into canine CSC biology.

  18. Canine Mammary Cancer Stem Cells are Radio- and Chemo-Resistant and Exhibit an Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pang, Lisa Y., E-mail: lisa.pang@ed.ac.uk; Cervantes-Arias, Alejandro; Else, Rod W.; Argyle, David J. [Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, EH25 9RG (United Kingdom)

    2011-03-30

    Canine mammary carcinoma is the most common cancer among female dogs and is often fatal due to the development of distant metastases. In humans, solid tumors are made up of heterogeneous cell populations, which perform different roles in the tumor economy. A small subset of tumor cells can hold or acquire stem cell characteristics, enabling them to drive tumor growth, recurrence and metastasis. In veterinary medicine, the molecular drivers of canine mammary carcinoma are as yet undefined. Here we report that putative cancer stem cells (CSCs) can be isolated form a canine mammary carcinoma cell line, REM134. We show that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres, a characteristic of stem cells, and that they express embryonic stem cell markers associated with pluripotency. Moreover, canine CSCs are relatively resistant to the cytotoxic effects of common chemotherapeutic drugs and ionizing radiation, indicating that failure of clinical therapy to eradicate canine mammary cancer may be due to the survival of CSCs. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been associated with cancer invasion, metastasis, and the acquisition of stem cell characteristics. Our results show that canine CSCs predominantly express mesenchymal markers and are more invasive than parental cells, indicating that these cells have a mesenchymal phenotype. Furthermore, we show that canine mammary cancer cells can be induced to undergo EMT by TGFβ and that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres. Our findings indicate that EMT induction can enrich for cells with CSC properties, and provide further insight into canine CSC biology.

  19. Actinomycosis of urinary bladder - a rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaman Lal Gupta

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Actinomycosis is considered the most misdiagnosed dis-ease usually involving the cervico fascial region, thorax, abdomen and occasionally also the pelvis, usually in case of the females using intra-uterine devices. The involve-ment of the urinary tract is rare and primary actinomyco-sis of urinary bladder is still rarer. The disease is usually diagnosed by demonstration of the discharged sulphur granules. In our case this was not the usual presentation and the patient was first diagnosed as having appendicu-lar mass and then bladder malignancy. The excised mass demonstrated features suggestive of actinomycosis.

  20. A epidemiological study on female lower urinary tract symptoms in Beijing region%北京地区女性下尿路症状流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄亮; 张淞文; 王涛; 邢爱华; 赵敬京; 马乐; 贺玲; 邓小虹

    2011-01-01

    目的:调查北京地区女性下尿路症状(lower urinary tract symptoms,LUTS)的患病率和尿失禁(urinary incontinence,UI)的危险因素.方法:用分层、多级、整群抽样的方法从北京地区18个区县抽取年龄>20岁妇女6 608名,填写中文版国际尿失禁咨询委员会问卷(International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire,ICIQ)和UI危险因素问卷.结果:5 664名妇女有效填写了问卷,83.1%的妇女至少有一种LUTS,储尿期症状患病率高于排尿期症状.患病率最高是夜尿,第二和第三位分别是UI和尿急.压力性尿失禁(stress urinary incontinence,SUI)、急迫性尿失禁(urge urinary incontinence,UUI)、混合性尿失禁(mixed urinary incontinence,MUI)和其他类型UI的患病率分别是15.6%、2.0%、18.4%和0.6%.经多元Logistic回归分析,发现年龄、体重指数、产科因素及合并其他疾病等20个SUI的危险因素和16个MUI的危险因素,新生儿体重、会阴切开术、硬膜外麻醉、吸烟、引产、胎头吸引、分娩次数和绝经在logistic回归分析中被排除.结论:LUTS是北京地区女性的常见症状,北京地区成年女性UI的患病率为36.6%.UI是一种多因素疾病,应在横断面研究的基础上开展危险因素的前瞻性研究.%Objective: To survey the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms ( LUTS) and the risk (actors of urinary incontinence (UI) of the women in Beijing. Methods: A stratified, multistage and cluster sampling method was used to select 6 608 women more than 20 years from 18 districts (counties) in Beijing region, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ) (Chinese version) and a questionnaire about UI risk factors were filled in. Results; 5 664 women filled in the questionnaires effectively, 83.1% of the women had one kind of LUTS at least, the prevalence of LUTS during urinary retention period was higher than that during urination period. The prevalence of nocturnal enuresis

  1. Podoplanin Expression in Canine Melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogasawara, Satoshi; Honma, Ryusuke; Kaneko, Mika K; Fujii, Yuki; Kagawa, Yumiko; Konnai, Satoru; Kato, Yukinari

    2016-12-01

    A type I transmembrane protein, podoplanin (PDPN), is expressed in several normal cells such as lymphatic endothelial cells or pulmonary type I alveolar cells. We recently demonstrated that anticanine PDPN monoclonal antibody (mAb), PMab-38, recognizes canine PDPN of squamous cell carcinomas, but does not react with lymphatic endothelial cells. Herein, we investigated whether PMab-38 reacts with canine melanoma. PMab-38 reacted with 90% of melanoma cells (9/10 cases) using immunohistochemistry. Of interest, PMab-38 stained the lymphatic endothelial cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts in melanoma tissues, although it did not stain any lymphatic endothelial cells in normal tissues. PMab-38 could be useful for uncovering the function of PDPN in canine melanomas.

  2. Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Kodzo-Grey Venyo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Lymphoma of the urinary bladder (LUB is rare. Aims. To review the literature on LUB. Methods. Various internet databases were used. Results. LUB can be either primary or secondary. The tumour has female predominance; most cases occur in middle-age women. Secondary LUB occurs in 10% to 25% of leukemias/lymphomas and in advanced-stage systemic lymphoma. Less than 100 cases have been reported. MALT typically affects adults older than 60 years; 75% are female. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is also common and may arise from transformation of MALT. LUB presents with haematuria, dysuria, urinary frequency, nocturia, and abdominal or back pain. Macroscopic examination of LUBs show large discrete tumours centred in the dome or lateral walls of the bladder. Positive staining of LUB varies by the subtype of lymphoma; B-cell lymphomas are CD20 positive. MALT lymphoma is positively stained for CD20, CD19, and FMC7 and negatively stained for CD5, CD10, and CD11c. LUB stains negatively with Pan-keratin, vimentin, CK20, and CK7. MALT lymphoma exhibits t(11; 18(q21: 21. Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for the MALT type of LUB with no recurrence. Conclusions. LUB is diagnosed by its characteristic morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. Radiotherapy is a useful treatment.

  3. The effect of hormones on the lower urinary tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Dudley; Toozs-Hobson, Philip; Cardozo, Linda

    2013-12-01

    The female genital and lower urinary tracts share a common embryological origin, arising from the urogenital sinus and both are sensitive to the effects of the female sex steroid hormones throughout life. Estrogen is known to have an important role in the function of the lower urinary tract and estrogen and progesterone receptors have been demonstrated in the vagina, urethra, bladder and pelvic floor musculature. In addition estrogen deficiency occurring following the menopause is known to cause atrophic change and may be associated with lower urinary tract symptoms such as frequency, urgency, nocturia, urgency incontinence and recurrent infection. These may also co-exist with symptoms of urogenital atrophy such as dyspareunia, itching, vaginal burning and dryness. Epidemiological studies have implicated estrogen deficiency in the aetiology of lower urinary tract symptoms with 70% of women relating the onset of urinary incontinence to their final menstrual period. Whilst for many years systemic and vaginal estrogen therapy was felt to be beneficial in the treatment of lower urinary and genital tract symptoms this evidence has recently been challenged by large epidemiological studies investigating the use of systemic hormone replacement therapy as primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of the sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, on the lower urinary tract and to review the current evidence regarding the role of systemic and vaginal estrogens in the management of lower urinary tract symptoms and urogenital atrophy.

  4. Surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Management Education & Events Advocacy For Patients About ACOG Surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence Home For Patients Search ... Stress Urinary Incontinence FAQ166, July 2014 PDF Format Surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence Special Procedures What is ...

  5. Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jia; Xu, Min-Jun; Zhou, Dong-Hui; Song, Hui-Qun; Wang, Chun-Ren; Zhu, Xing-Quan

    2012-07-28

    Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide. With an increasing number of dogs and cats under unregulated conditions in China, the canine and feline parasitic zoonoses are showing a trend towards being gradually uncontrolled. Currently, canine and feline parasitic zoonoses threaten human health, and cause death and serious diseases in China. This article comprehensively reviews the current status of major canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in mainland China, discusses the risks dogs and cats pose with regard to zoonotic transmission of canine and feline parasites, and proposes control strategies and measures.

  6. The unerupted maxillary canine - a post-surgical review.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Dowling, Ian

    2009-10-01

    The orthodontic records of 685 patients referred for surgical exposure of an unerupted impacted maxillary canine tooth were examined. The condition was more common among females than males, slightly less than 2:1. The impacted teeth had a palatal-labial ratio of 3:1. All of the teeth were exposed using the open surgical technique and in 98% of cases the tooth erupted and was orthodontically aligned. In 2% of cases ankylosis occurred and the teeth were subsequently extracted. The presence of peg-shaped lateral incisors associated with the impacted maxillary canine tooth was 3.4% of the total number of impacted teeth and congenital absence was found in 1.7% of impacted teeth.

  7. Canine Mammary Cancer Stem Cells are Radio- and Chemo- Resistant and Exhibit an Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype

    OpenAIRE

    Argyle, David J.; Else, Rod W.; Alejandro Cervantes-Arias; Pang, Lisa Y

    2011-01-01

    Canine mammary carcinoma is the most common cancer among female dogs and is often fatal due to the development of distant metastases. In humans, solid tumors are made up of heterogeneous cell populations, which perform different roles in the tumor economy. A small subset of tumor cells can hold or acquire stem cell characteristics, enabling them to drive tumor growth, recurrence and metastasis. In veterinary medicine, the molecular drivers of canine mammary carcinoma are as yet undefined. Her...

  8. Characteristic research of animal model for female stress urinary incontinence in rat%女性压力性尿失禁动物模型的特质研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晶晶; 王东文

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过模拟分娩产伤和雌激素水平下降联合阴部神经切断两种方法,建立压力性尿失禁(SUI)的动物模型,并对所建模型进行鉴定和比较,为SUI的研究提供可靠易得的实验对象.方法:40只健康雌性Wistar大鼠随机分为4组,Ⅰ组为对照组;Ⅱ组为阴道扩张+卵巢切除组;Ⅲ组为阴部神经切断组;Ⅳ组为阴道扩张+卵巢切除+阴部神经切断组,每组10只.术后1、4、8周对4组大鼠行尿动力学检测,1周时做喷嚏负荷试验以证实SUI的存在.8周后取大鼠全层尿道及盆底肌群组织做组织学鉴定.结果:①喷嚏负荷试验,Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ组分别有6、9、10只阳性,而Ⅰ组无阳性.②漏尿点压(LPP),Ⅲ组和Ⅳ组显著低于Ⅰ组和Ⅱ组(P0.05).③组织学表现,Ⅲ、Ⅳ组与Ⅰ、Ⅱ组比较,尿道全层变薄,结构不明显,肌层萎缩,尿道外膜神经分布(S-100)减少.④盆底肌组织中α肌动蛋白(α-actin)含量Ⅳ组显著低于Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ组(P0.05).结论:结合阴道扩张联合双侧卵巢切除、双侧阴部神经切断能成功建立SUI动物模型,且造模成功率高,稳定性好,较全面的模拟多因素作用下SUI的发生,具有与人类SUI发生机制更接近的特点.%ObjectⅣe: To establish the animal model of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) through imitating the birth trauma and the decrease of estrogen level combined with cutting off the pudenda]nerves, then by identification and compared between models to offer reliable experiment object for research of SUI.Methods: Forty healthy female Wistar rats were randomly dⅣided into four groups, Croup Ⅰ was the control group, Croup Ⅱ was the group of colpectasis and ovariectomy , Croup Ⅲ was the group of bilateral PNT, Croup Ⅳwas Group Ⅱ + Group Ⅲ, each group contained 10 rats, the urodynam-ics examinations of these 40 rats were carried out post-operation on week 1, week 4, week 8.The sneeze test was done to confirm the presence of SUI on week

  9. Several early interventions for ectopic maxillary canines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Astorga

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary canine impactation is often encountered in orthodontic clinical practice and the aetiology is associated to genetic factors as well as local space factors. If preventive treatment is not started in ectopic maxillary canines, some possible consequences may occur, such as resorption of the roots of the neighboring permanent teeth, cysts, ankylosis and expensive surgical and orthodontic treatment. The aim of this review was to preset several early treatment modalities for ectopic maxillary canines based on recent scientific evidence. Four are the most important: Only extractions intervention, extraction of deciduous canines with cervical pull headgear, active intervention in late mixed dentition and active intervention in early mixed dentition. These different modalities showed a greater increasing the rate of normal eruption of ectopic canines ( 80-97%. The extraction of primary canine alone is still an effective method to prevent canine impactation, whose success rate would be increased if some other method interceptive is added.

  10. Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    SBA National Resource Center: 800-621-3141 Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections and Catheterization in Children with Neurogenic Bladder and ... To protect the kidneys from damage – By preventing urinary tract infections (UTI) – By identifying and treating vesicoureteral remux (VUR). ...

  11. A comparative study between mixed-type tumours from human salivary and canine mammary glands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardoso Sérgio V

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In comparative pathology, canine mammary tumours have special interest because of their similarities with human breast cancer. Mixed tumours are uncommon lesions in the human breast, but they are found most frequently in the mammary gland of the female dogs and in the human salivary glands. The aim of the study was to compare clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical features of human salivary and canine mammary gland mixed tumours, in order to evaluate the latter as an experimental model for salivary gland tumours. Methods Ten examples of each mixed tumour type (human pleomorphic adenoma and carcinomas ex-pleomorphic adenomas and canine mixed tumour and metaplastic carcinoma were evaluated. First, clinical and morphologic aspects of benign and malignant variants were compared between the species. Then, streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of cytokeratins, vimentin, p63 protein, estrogen receptor, β-catenin, and E-cadherin. Results After standardization, similar age and site distributions were observed in human and canine tumours. Histological similarities were identified in the comparison of the benign lesions as well. Metaplastic carcinomas also resembled general aspects of carcinomas ex-pleomorphic adenomas in morphological evaluation. Additionally, immunohistochemical staining further presented similar antigenic expression between lesions. Conclusion There are many similar features between human salivary and canine mammary gland mixed tumours. This observation is of great relevance for those interested in the study and management of salivary gland tumours, since canine lesions may constitute useful comparative models for their investigations.

  12. Root Canal Morphology of Mandibular Canine in an Iranian Population: A CBCT Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soleymani, Ali; Namaryan, Nafiseh; Moudi, Ehsan; Gholinia, Ali

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: The present study was conducted to assess the morphology of mandibular canines using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a north Iranian population. Methods and Materials: For the morphological assessment of mandibular canines, 150 CBCT images taken from patients for different reasons were used. The mandibular canines were examined in sagittal, coronal and axial dimensions. The canal pattern, number of roots/canals, the tooth length, the orientation of the roots and the position of the apical foramina were evaluated and the effect of gender on each variable was assessed. The obtained data were analyzed using the Chi-square and student’s t-tests. Results: According to the Vertucci’s criteria, the most common pattern was type I morphology (89.7%), followed by types III (5.7%), II (3.7%) and V (1%). No significant differences were observed between the male and female patients in terms of canal type (P>0.05). Gender difference is a factor which affected the root length and the number of mandibular canine root and root canal. There were 296 single-root and four double-root canines. The double-root canines and mandibular canine with two canals were significantly more common among men than women (P=0.00). The apical foramen was laterally positioned in 68.3% and centrally in 31.7% of the cases, and the root curvatures were mostly oriented toward the buccal region. No significant statistical difference was observed for mentioned parameters in right and left half of the jaw. Conclusion: Due the diverse morphology and the potential presence of a second mandibular canine among Iranians, dentists should perform endodontic treatments with greater care. CBCT is an accurate tool for the morphological assessment of root canals. PMID:28179930

  13. Surgical innovations in canine gonadectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Goethem, Bart

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis some recent technological developments in human surgery are evaluated for their potential use in veterinary medicine by introducing them as surgical innovations for canine gonadectomy. Barbed sutures achieve wound apposition without surgical knot tying and thus avoid knot-associated n

  14. Surgical innovations in canine gonadectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Goethem, Bart

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis some recent technological developments in human surgery are evaluated for their potential use in veterinary medicine by introducing them as surgical innovations for canine gonadectomy. Barbed sutures achieve wound apposition without surgical knot tying and thus avoid knot-associated n

  15. Does loading influence the severity of cartilage degeneration in the canine groove-model of OA?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, P.; Intema, F.; El, B. van; Groot, J. de; Bijlsma, J.W.J.; Lafeber, F.; Mastbergen, S.

    2009-01-01

    Many animal models are used to study osteoarthritis (OA). In these models the role of joint loading in the development of OA is not fully understood. We studied the effect of loading on the development of OA in the canine Groove-model. In ten female beagle dogs OA was induced in one knee according t

  16. Does Loading Influence the Severity of Cartilage Degeneration in the Canine Groove-Model of OA?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, Petra; Intema, Femke; van El, Benno; DeGroot, Jeroen; Bijlsma, J. W. J.; Lafeber, Floris; Mastbergen, Simon

    2009-01-01

    Many animal models are used to study osteoarthritis (OA). In these models the role of joint loading in the development of CA is not fully understood. We studied the effect of loading on the development of CIA in the canine Groove-model. In ten female beagle dogs OA was induced in one knee according

  17. Canine distemper virus infection in binturongs (Arctictis binturong).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, K; Bae, J S; Choi, J H; Kim, J H; Kwon, S W; Lee, K W; Kim, D Y

    1999-10-01

    Two binturongs (Arctictis binturong) kept in outdoor exhibits at Everland Zoological Gardens in Korea died within 10 days of the onset of clinical signs that included depression, dyspnoea, diarrhoea and convulsions. On necropsy, the significant gross findings were limited to the lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. Proteus vulgaris was isolated from the lung of one animal. Histopathologically, diffuse severe bronchointerstitial pneumonia with secondary bacterial infection was noted in the lungs. Intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusion bodies were seen in the lining epithelium of the bronchi, bronchioles, small and large intestines, renal pelvis and urinary bladder. Canine distemper virus (CDV)-specific antigens were demonstrated in frozen sections of the lungs by the direct immunofluorescence technique. This is believed to be the first confirmed report of CDV infection in binturongs. Copyright 1999 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

  18. Urinary Tract Infections (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help Someone Who's Being Bullied? Volunteering Urinary Tract Infections KidsHealth > For Teens > Urinary Tract Infections Print A ... especially girls — visit a doctor. What Is a Urinary Tract Infection? A bacterial urinary tract infection (UTI) is the ...

  19. Salmonella-related urinary tract infection in an elderly patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klosterman, Scott Anthony

    2014-09-05

    An elderly female patient with an uncomplicated urinary tract infection from Salmonella newport is presented. Radiological and laboratory studies were performed because of her systemic and exposure risk factors as well as prior urinary tract abnormalities. While this patient was successfully treated as an outpatient with oral antibiotics, complications and recurrence are common and deserve close follow-up with repeat urine cultures at a minimum. Further laboratory and radiological testing should be guided by patient gender, risk factors and recurrence.

  20. Comprehensive characterization of serum clinical chemistry parameters and the identification of urinary superoxide dismutase in a carbon tetrachloride-induced model of hepatic fibrosis in the female Hanover Wistar rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Rosemary; Munday, Michael R; York, Malcolm J; Clarke, Christopher J; Dare, Theo; Turton, John A

    2007-10-01

    Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) was used to induce liver fibrosis in the rat. Using this model, we have identified changes in serum and urinary clinical chemistry parameters, and characterized histopathological lesions in the liver. Two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, rats were dosed at six levels of CCl(4) (0.06-0.36 ml/kg) twice weekly for 6 weeks, followed by a 6-week non-dosing recovery period (week 12). Livers were removed for histology at 6 and 12 weeks and serum parameters analysed. In Experiment 2, rats were given seven dose levels of CCl(4) (0.4-1.0 ml/kg) twice weekly for 6 weeks, followed by a 6-week recovery period (week 12); urine samples were analysed at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks using one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Liver fibrosis was evident at 6 weeks in Experiments 1 and 2, and the activity of serum enzymes (including alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and glutamate dehydrogenase) was increased. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis (Experiment 2) revealed a protein band at 18.4 kDa in urine from rats treated with CCl(4), not present in control urine, which was identified as copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD). Western blotting revealed that SOD was increased in urine from rats treated with CCl(4) at 3 and 6 weeks, but not at 9 and 12 weeks. We conclude that Cu/Zn SOD is a urinary marker of hepatic necrosis, but not hepatic fibrosis.

  1. Influência dos exercícios perineais e dos cones vaginais, associados à correção postural, no tratamento da incontinência urinária feminina Influence of perineal exercises and vaginal cones in association with corrective postural exercises, on female urinary incontinence treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LM Matheus

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência dos exercícios perineais e dos cones vaginais, em associação aos exercícios posturais corretivos para a normalização estática da pelve, no tratamento da incontinência urinária feminina. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 12 mulheres apresentando queixa de incontinência urinária, com idade média de 52,3 ± 9,7, submetidas a 10 sessões fisioterapêuticas, duas vezes na semana, divididas em dois grupos: Grupo A: n = 6, utilizando exercícios perineais e Grupo B: n = 6, utilizando cones vaginais. Ambos os grupos realizaram exercícios posturais para correção estática da pelve, conforme alterações de cada participante. Foram coletados os seguintes dados, antes e após intervenção: grau de contração muscular do períneo, pela Avaliação Funcional do Assoalho Pélvico (AFA; perda quantitativa de urina, mensurada pelo teste da almofada (Pad-Test, e sensações de umidade e desconforto, verificadas pelas Escalas Visuais Análogas (EVA. Os dados posturais foram coletados através do exame estático da pelve, exame de flexibilidade das cadeias musculares e avaliação postural. RESULTADOS: Na comparação dos dados pré e pós-intervenção, foi observado, para ambos os grupos, diminuição estatisticamente significativa da perda urinária (p OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of perineal exercises and vaginal cones in association with corrective postural exercises for static normalization of the pelvis, on female urinary incontinence treatment. METHOD: Twelve women with urinary incontinence complaints (mean age: 52.3 ± 9.7 were assessed via 10 physical therapy sessions, twice a week. They were divided into two groups: Group A (n = 6 underwent perineal exercises, while Group B (n = 6 used vaginal cones. Both groups performed postural exercises for static correction of the pelvis, in accordance with each patient's abnormalities. The following data were collected before and after the intervention: degree

  2. Maxillary canine-to-maxillary incisor transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yng-Tzer J

    2013-01-01

    Dental transposition is the positional interchange of two adjacent teeth. Canine transpositions are usually accompanied by other dental anomalies, such as: impaction of the incisors; missing teeth; peg-shaped lateral incisors; severe rotation or malposition of adjacent teeth; dilacerations; and malformations. Local pathologic processes, such as tumors, cysts, retained primary canines, and supernumerary teeth, might be responsible for canine transposition. The purpose of this paper was to present a rare case of maxillary canine-to-maxillary incisor transposition in an 8-year-old girl. The patient presented with noneruption of the permanent maxillary left central incisor, and a radiographic examination revealed an impacted dilacerated incisor. The central incisor was extracted because the root was severely dilacerated. At the 3-year follow-up, an oral examination revealed that the canine had transposed to the extraction site. Through orthodontic traction, combined with reshaping of the tooth, the transposed canine was successfully positioned into the incisor position.

  3. Prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence among Chinese women in Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Bo; Wang, Lei; Huang, Sheng-Song; Wu, Qiang; Wu, Deng-Long

    2014-01-01

    Objective: A group of healthy females were randomly sampled in Shanghai for the purpose of evaluating the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among Chinese women and its associated risk factors. Methods: 5,467 registered female residents aged from 20 years were randomly sampled from four communities in Shanghai, and the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire (the International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire) was adopted. Detailed information regarding pregnancy...

  4. Urinary incontinence - collagen implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/ency/article/007373.htm Urinary incontinence - injectable implant To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Injectable implants are injections of material into the urethra to ...

  5. Urinary tract infection and antibiotic sensitivity pattern among diabetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simkhada, R

    2013-03-01

    Diabetes Mellitus is a major health problem of today's world. Urinary tract infection is its common complication. A descriptive, cross sectional study was designed to know the prevalence of culture positive Urinary Tract Infection in diabetic patients, to know their common clinical features and to find out the proportion of asymptomatic bacteriuria, to know the causative organisms and pattern of antibiotic sensitivity. Mid stream urine sample was collected using full aseptic precaution. Among 100 patients included, 53 were female and 47 were male. In total, 21% of them had culture positive Urinary Tract Infection. Urinary Tract Infection was more in female (P = 0.047). Asymptomatic bacteriuria was found more common in female as compared to male. Common clinical features in symptomatic were burning micturation (90%), frequency of micturation (80%), suprapubic pain (60%), urgency (70%), loin pain (30%), and fever and vomiting (20%). Urinary Tract Infection was common among those who had prolong duration of diabetes (P = 0.039) and among those receiving insulin as compared to those under oral medications (P = 0.08). Escherichia-coli was most common organism followed by klebsiella, proteus and pseudomonas. Most of the urinary isolates were sensitive to ciprofloxacin, cotrimoxazole and ceftriaxone, where as resistance was high for ampicillin.

  6. Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide. With an increasing number of dogs and cats under unregulated conditions in China, the canine and feline parasitic zoonoses are showing a trend towards being gradually uncontrolled. Currently, canine and feline parasitic zoonoses threaten human health, and cause death and serious diseases in...

  7. Urinary Tract Infections

    OpenAIRE

    Bjerklund Johansen, Truls E.; Naber, Kurt G.

    2014-01-01

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most frequently acquired infections in the community, but also in hospitals and other health care institutions, causing a huge amount of antibiotic consumption. During the last decade we have seen significant changes in the field of urinary tract infections regarding causative pathogens and antibiotic treatment calling for an update of current trends. The worldwide increase of uropathogens resistant to former first line antibiotics, such as cotrim...

  8. 生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练对产后尿失禁患者盆底康复临床效果的影响%Effect of Biofeedback Electrical Stimulation Combined with Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises Assisted Functional Rehabilitation of Pelvic Floor Musclesin Female Urinary Incontinence Postpartum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 肖琳; 罗小婉; 何一雄

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises assisted functional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles in female urinary incontinence postpartum.Method:A total of 90 females with urinary incontinence postpartum were selected from June 2013 to June 2015.The patients were divided into the observation group(n=46) and the control group(n=44),the observation group was treated by biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises, while the control group accepted pelvic floor muscle exercises.The functional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles of two groups were evaluated.Result:After treatment two groups presented with significant increment of the strength of pelvic floor muscleand decreased fatigability(P<0.05),in which the increment of the strength of pelvic floor muscle in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(P<0.05).After 3 months treatment, the effective rate of urinary incontinence postpartum of the observation group(97.83%) was better than that of the control group(79.55%),there was statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion:Biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises are effective for postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation in female urinary incontinence postpartum.%目的:探讨生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练对产后尿失禁患者盆底康复临床效果的影响。方法:选取2013年6月-2015年6月本院收治的产后尿失禁患者90例作为研究对象,分为观察组(46例)和对照组(44例),其中观察组给予生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练,对照组给予常规盆底肌训练,观察两组患者治疗后盆底康复情况。结果:两组患者治疗后盆底肌力明显提高、疲劳度明显降低(P<0.05),且观察组盆底肌力改善程度较对照组高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗3个月后,观察组

  9. Female Epispadias: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogan Atilgan

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Isolated female epispadias without exstrophy is an extremely rare syndrome. The symptoms of female epispadias are primary urinary incontinence and abnormal anatomical features. A 12-year-old girl presented with primary urinary incontinence. On physical examination, bifid clitoris and labia minora were seen. The vagina and hymen were normal. Voiding cystourethrogram showed no reflux. With the diagnosis of isolated female epispadias, one-stage reconstruction of the urethra, bladder neck and labia minora and clitoris was performed.

  10. Prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities among adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Fouad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities in adolescents, first morning clean mid-stream urine specimens were obtained from 2500 individuals and examined by dipstick and light microscopy. Adolescents with abnormal screening results were reexamined after two weeks and those who had abnormal results twice were subjected to systemic clinical examination and further clinical and laboratory investigations. Eight hundred and three (32.1% individuals had urinary abnormalities at the first screening, which significantly decreased to 345 (13.8% at the second screening, (P <0.001. Hematuria was the most common urinary abnormalities detected in 245 (9.8% adolescents who had persistent urine abnormalities; 228 (9.1% individuals had non glomerular hematuria. The hematuria was isolated in 150 (6% individuals, combined with leukocyturia in 83 (3.3% individuals, and combined with proteinuria in 12 (0.5% individuals. Leukocyturia was detected in 150 (6% of all studied adolescents; it was isolated in 39 (1.6% individuals and combined with proteinuria in 28 (1.1% of them. Asymp- tomatic bacteriuria was detected in 23 (0.9% of all studied adolescents; all the cases were females. Proteinuria was detected in 65 (2.6% of all the studied adolescents; 45 (1.8% indivi- duals had <0.5 g/day and twenty (0.8% individuals had 0.5-3 g/day. Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities were more common in males than females and adolescents from rural than urban areas (P <0.01 and (P <0.001, respectively. The present study found a high prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities among adolescents in our population.

  11. Urinary Bladder Cancer in Yemen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Samawi, Abdullah Saleh; Aulaqi, Saleh Mansoor

    2013-01-01

    Objectives The aims of this study are to highlight the clinicopathological features of urinary bladder cancer in Yemen, and to describe the histological grading of urothelial neoplasms according to the World Health Organization and International Society of Urologic pathology (WHO/ISUP 1998) classification. Methods This is a descriptive record-based study of 316 cases of bladder cancer diagnosed by two pathologists at the Department of pathology, Sana'a University from 1st January 2005 to 30th April 2009. The diagnoses were made on hematoxylin and eosin stained sections and categorized according to WHO/ISUP 1998 classification. Results Out of 316 urinary bladder cancers, 248 (78%) were urothelial neoplasms, 53 (17%) were squamous cell carcinoma, 7 (2%) were adenocarcinoma, and 3 (1%) were rhabdomyosarcoma. The remaining cases were metastatic carcinomas (n=3), small cell carcinoma (n=1), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=1). The urothelial neoplasms observed were carcinoma in situ 4 (2%), papilloma 7 (3%), papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential 26 (11%), papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade 107 (43%), papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 18 (7%), and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 85 (34%), with 60 years mean age for males and 58 years for females; along with a male to female ratio of 4:1. The peak incidence was observed in the 61-70 years age group. Conclusion This study documents a high frequency of urothelial neoplasms, mostly papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade with male preponderance and peak incidence in 6th decade of age. PMID:24044060

  12. Urinary Bladder Cancer in Yemen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Saleh Al-Samawi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aims of this study are to highlight the clinicopathological features of urinary bladder cancer in Yemen, and to describe the histological grading of urothelial neoplasms according to the World Health Organization and International Society of Urologic pathology (WHO/ISUP 1998 classification.Methods: This is a descriptive record-based study of 316 cases of bladder cancer diagnosed by two pathologists at the Department of pathology, Sana'a University from 1st January 2005 to 30th April 2009. The diagnoses were made on hematoxylin and eosin stained sections and categorized according to WHO/ISUP 1998 classification.Results: Out of 316 urinary bladder cancers, 248 (78% were urothelial neoplasms, 53 (17% were squamous cell carcinoma, 7 (2% were adenocarcinoma, and 3 (1% were rhabdomyosarcoma. The remaining cases were metastatic carcinomas (n=3, small cell carcinoma (n=1, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=1. The urothelial neoplasms observed were carcinoma in situ 4 (2%, papilloma 7 (3%, papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential 26 (11%, papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade 107 (43%, papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 18 (7%, and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade 85 (34%, with 60 years mean age for males and 58 years for females; along with a male to female ratio of 4:1. The peak incidence was observed in the 61-70 years age group.Conclusion: This study documents a high frequency of urothelial neoplasms, mostly papillary urothelial carcinoma of low grade and non-papillary urothelial carcinoma of high grade with male preponderance and peak incidence in 6th decade of age.

  13. Twelve-Month Efficacy and Safety Data for the "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy and Safety Study": A Phase III, Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study Treating Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Using the Vesair Intravesical Balloon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Harvey; Jacoby, Karny; Kalota, Susan; Snyder, Jeffrey; Cline, Kevin; Robertson, Kaiser; Kahan, Randall; Green, Lonny; McCammon, Kurt; Rovner, Eric; Rardin, Charles

    2017-09-26

    The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy and Safety Study" (SUCCESS) is a phase III study of the Vesair Balloon in women with stress urinary incontinence who had failed conservative therapy, and either failed surgery, were not candidates for surgery, or chose not to have surgery. The safety and efficacy of the balloon at 12 months is reported for those participants in the treatment arm who elected to continue with the SUCCESS trial beyond the primary end point at 3 months. The SUCCESS trial is a multicenter, prospective, single-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled study. Participants were randomized on a 2.33:1 basis to either Vesair Balloon placement or placebo. The primary efficacy end point was a composite of both a greater than 50% reduction from baseline on 1-hour provocative pad weight test and an at least 10-point improvement in symptoms on the Incontinence Quality of Life questionnaire assessed at the 3-month study visit. Patients in the treatment arm who opted to continue in the trial were followed up prospectively up to 12 months. A total of 221 participants were randomized, including 157 in the treatment arm and 64 in the control arm. Sixty-seven participants in the treatment arm (42.7% of participants enrolled) were evaluated at 12 months, with 56.3% achieving the composite end point and 78.7% having greater than 50% reduction in pad weight from baseline in a per-protocol analysis. In an intent-to-treat analysis treating all participants who did not continue with the balloon as failures, 24% of the participants achieved the composite end point and 33.6% had a greater than 50% reduction in pad weight from baseline. Treatment-related adverse events in this group included dysuria (40.1%), gross hematuria (36.9%), and urinary tract infection (26.1%). In this phase III trial, symptom relief was maintained for those participants who continued therapy for 12 months. The balloon was found to be safe with no device- or procedure-related serious adverse events

  14. The short-term effectiveness of tension-free vaginal tape-obturator system on stress urinary incontinence in the elderly female patients%经闭孔阴道无张力吊带术治疗老年女性压力性尿失禁的近期疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕; 芦山; 王焱; 杨黎; 毛淑萍; 张艳; 姚亚雄; 文建国

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of tension-free vaginal tapeobturator system(TVT-O) on the type Ⅰ,Ⅱ stress urinary incontinence(SUI) in the elderly female patients. Methods Elderly female patients (73 cases) with SUI type Ⅰ and Ⅱ were selected in 0.5-3.0 years after TVT-O surgical treatment,and they reached the age over 60 years before TVT-O.Difference of daily life and lower urinary tract symptoms before and after surgery were compared by the incontinence impact questionnaire ( Ⅱ Q-7) and the urogenital distress inventory (UDI-6) through telephone survey.Results Totally 73 patients were followed up successfully,aged 60 to 72 years (mean 64.0±4.5).Preoperative patients' daily life quality such as making housework,activities,entertainment,go-out,social contact and emotion had obviously been affected with a score of 9 to 25 by their own scoring (mean 17.0±6.7).Lower urinary tract symptoms including urgency,frequent urination,movement,leakage of urine volume,odynuria and dysuria were from 8 to 21 (mean 14.0±4.7) scores.Mild urinary frequency was 8.2% (6 cases).Urinal pad usage was in 71 cases (97.3%)After TVT-O,patients' symptoms improved by their own scoring.The Ⅱ Q-7 scores were ranging from 2 to 13 (mean 6.4±3.2),and lower urinary tract symptoms scores from 1 to 9 (mean 5.4±3.2).Mild urinary frequency after surgery was 1.4 % (1 case).The urinary incontinence in 39 cases completely disappeared (53.4 % ),urinal pad usage were in 34 cases (46.6 % ).18 cases (24.7 % ) had suprapubic area pain or discomfort postoperatively.Conclusions TVT-O is an ideal choice for type Ⅰ and Ⅱ SUI in elderly female patients.%目的 观察经闭孔阴道无张力吊带术(TVT-O)治疗老年女性Ⅰ、Ⅱ型压力性尿失禁患者近期疗效.方法 选取已行TVT-O手术治疗半年至3年的老年女性Ⅰ、Ⅱ型压力性尿失禁患者73例,术前年龄60~72岁,平均(64.0±6.5)岁,采用尿失禁相关生活质量问卷(ⅡQ-7

  15. Sewage surveillance reveals the presence of canine GVII norovirus and canine astrovirus in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizasoain, A; Tort, L F L; García, M; Gómez, M M; Leite, J P G; Miagostovich, M P; Cristina, J; Berois, M; Colina, R; Victoria, Matías

    2015-11-01

    Canine norovirus (NoV) and astrovirus (AstV) were studied in 20 domestic sewage samples collected in two cities in Uruguay. Four samples were characterized as canine AstV after phylogenetic analysis clustering with strains detected in Italy and Brazil in 2008 and 2012, respectively. One sample was characterized as canine NoV and clustered with a strain detected in Hong Kong and recently classified as GVII. This study shows the occurrence of a canine NoV GVII strain for the first time in the American continent and also warns about possible zoonotic infection, since canine strains were detected in domestic sewage.

  16. Effective observation on treating female stress urinary incontinence by abdominal acupuncture plus pelvic lfoor muscle training%腹针配合盆底肌训练治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏兆新; 薛宁; 张秀丽; 朱栋华

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To observe clinical efficacy of abdominal acupuncture plus pelvic floor muscle training on female stress urinary incontinence. Methods: 62 female patients were randomly divided into the control group and the treatment group, 31 cases in each group. The control group was treated by pelvic lfoor muscle training; and the treatment group was treated by abdominal acupuncture plus low frequency electric stimulation and pelvic lfoor muscle training for 30 days. Results: The total effciency in the treatment group was 83.87%, and 64.52% in the control group; the difference between two groups was signiifcantly different (P<0.05); the effciency in the treatment group was higher. Conclusion: Abdominal acupuncture plus pelvic lfoor muscle training on female stress urinary incontinence is better than the simple pelvic lfoor muscle training.%目的:观察腹针配合盆底肌训练治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效。方法:将62例女性患者随机分成对照组31例和治疗组31例。对照组单纯采用盆底肌训练治疗,治疗组采用腹针结合低频电刺激配合盆底肌训练治疗,治疗30d后进行疗效评定。结果:治疗组总有效率为83.87%,对照组总有效率为64.52%,两组比较有显著性差异,P<0.05,治疗组疗效优于对照组。结论:腹针配合盆底肌训练治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效优于单纯盆底肌训练。

  17. Fasting and Urinary Stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shamsa

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fasting is considered as one of the most important practices of Islam, and according to Prophet Mohammad, fasting is obligatory upon Muslims. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of fasting on urinary stones. Materials and Methods: Very few studies have been carried out on urinary stones and the effect of Ramadan fasting. The sources of the present study are Medline and articles presented by local and Muslim researchers. Meanwhile, since we are acquainted with three well-known researchers in the field of urology, we contacted them via email and asked for their professional opinions. Results: The results of studies about the relationship of urinary stones and their incidence in Ramadan are not alike, and are even sometimes contradictory. Some believe that increased incidence of urinary stones in Ramadan is related not to fasting, but to the rise of weather temperature in hot months, and an increase in humidity. Conclusion: Numerous biological and behavioral changes occur in people who fast in Ramadan and some researchers believe that urinary stone increases during this month.

  18. Fasting and urinary stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shamsa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fasting is considered as one of the most important practices of Islam, and according to Prophet Mohammad, fasting is obligatory upon Muslims. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of fasting on urinary stones. Materials and Methods:Very few studies have been carried out on urinary stones and the effect of Ramadan fasting. The sources of the present study are Medline and articles presented by local and Muslim researchers. Meanwhile, since we are acquainted with three well-known researchers in the field  of urology, we contacted them via email and asked for their professional opinions. Results:The results of studies about the relationship of urinary stones and their incidence in Ramadan are not alike, and are even sometimes contradictory. Some believe that increased incidence of urinary stones in Ramadan is related not to fasting, but to the rise of weather temperature in hot months, and an increase in humidity. Conclusion: Numerous biological and behavioral changes occur in people who fast in Ramadan and some researchers believe that urinary stone increases during this month.

  19. Pediatric urinary tract infection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blickman, J.G.

    1991-02-06

    Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) is an important cause of morbidity in children and may be complicated by congenital urinary tract abnormalities of a functional or anatomic nature which, predispose to recurrent UTI's that in turn may lead to renal failure and hypertension. Early radiologic and ultrasonographic investigations may reveal these anatomic anomalies in particular because the urinary tract, specifically in children, is not readily accessible to adequate clinical examinations Excretory urography (EU) has been considered as the 'gold standard' of upper urinary tract visualization, while the voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) was thought to be the preferential method of imaging of the lower urinary tract. Recently, major technical advances have altered this commonly accepted diagnostic workup. Although ultrasonography, radio-nuclide scanning and urodynamics have become important contributors to the understanding of pathophysiology of UTI's their value and place in assessment of the sequence of imaging has not been comprehensively studied. This thesis deals about the optimization of the choice and the order of the different imaging techniques used in the evaluation of children, younger than six year with UTI. (author). 243 refs.; 23 figs.; 8 tabs.

  20. Urinary p75ECD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepheard, Stephanie R.; Wuu, Joanne; Cardoso, Michell; Wiklendt, Luke; Dinning, Phil G.; Chataway, Tim; Schultz, David

    2017-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate urinary neurotrophin receptor p75 extracellular domain (p75ECD) levels as disease progression and prognostic biomarkers in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: The population in this study comprised 45 healthy controls and 54 people with ALS, 31 of whom were sampled longitudinally. Urinary p75ECD was measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay and validation included intra-assay and inter-assay coefficients of variation, effect of circadian rhythm, and stability over time at room temperature, 4°C, and repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Longitudinal changes in urinary p75ECD were examined by mixed model analysis, and the prognostic value of baseline p75ECD was explored by survival analysis. Results: Confirming our previous findings, p75ECD was higher in patients with ALS (5.6 ± 2.2 ng/mg creatinine) compared to controls (3.6 ± 1.4 ng/mg creatinine, p analysis, bulbar onset (hazard ratio [HR] 3.0, p = 0.0035), rate of disease progression from onset to baseline (HR 4.4, p survival. Conclusions: The assay for urinary p75ECD is analytically robust and shows promise as an ALS biomarker with prognostic, disease progression, and potential pharmacodynamic application. Baseline urinary p75ECD provides prognostic information and is currently the only biological fluid–based biomarker of disease progression. PMID:28228570

  1. Retrospective study of canine heartworm disease with caval syndrome in Grenada, West Indies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikweto, A; Bhaiyat, M I; Lanza-Perea, M; Veytsman, S; Tiwari, K; De Allie, C; Sharma, R N

    2014-10-15

    Canine heartworm disease caused by Dirofilaria immitis is an important disease of dogs. The aim of this retrospective study was to estimate the prevalence of canine heartworm disease and evaluate cases of caval syndrome in dogs submitted for necropsy in Grenada. Out of 1617 dogs necropsied over a period of 13 years (2001-2013), 249 were found to be infected with D. immitis; giving an overall prevalence of 15.4% (95% confidence interval, 13.6% to 17.1%). There was no significant difference between male and female dogs with respect to canine heartworm infection (p = 0.3). During this period, the annual prevalence of canine heartworm disease was 22% in 2001 before slightly declining to an average of 18% in 2002-2003 and peaking at 26.8% in 2004-2005. From 2006 onwards, annual prevalence rates have steadily been decreasing; reaching the lowest (9%) in 2013. Among the 249 positive cases, 33 (13.2%) of the dogs had caval syndrome. Caval syndrome cases presented with concurrent clinical signs and were associated with cardio-pulmonary and hepatic gross lesions at necropsy. Aberrant migration of D. immitis was also noted in 2 dogs with caval syndrome. This is the first report which presents the findings of canine heartworm disease with caval syndrome in Grenada.

  2. The role of SET/I2PP2A in canine mammary tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kake, Satoru; Tsuji, Shunya; Enjoji, Shuhei; Hanasaki, Sayaka; Hayase, Hiroshi; Yabe, Ryotaro; Tanaka, Yuiko; Nakagawa, Takayuki; Liu, Hao-Ping; Chang, Shih-Chieh; Usui, Tatsuya; Ohama, Takashi; Sato, Koichi

    2017-06-27

    Canine mammary tumor is the most common neoplasm in female dogs, and it has generated considerable attention as a translational model for human breast cancer. Ser/Thr protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) plays a critical role as a tumor suppressor, and SET/I2PP2A, the endogenous inhibitory protein of PP2A, binds directly to PP2A and suppresses its phosphatase activity. Here, we investigated the role of SET in the tumorigenic growth in canine mammary tumor as well as in the sensitivity of tumors to existing therapeutics. Elevated protein levels of SET were observed in advanced-stage of canine mammary tumor tissues of dogs compared with paired normal tissues. Knockdown of SET expression in a canine mammary tumor cell line CIP-m led to increased PP2A activity and decreased cell proliferation, colony formation, and in vivo tumor growth. We observed suppression of mTOR, β-catenin, and NFκB signaling by SET knockdown. The sensitivity of CIP-m cells to doxorubicin was decreased by SET knockdown, while SET knockdown in CIP-m cells did not affect sensitivity to 4-OH-tamoxifen, carboplatin, bortezomib, and X-ray radiation. These data suggest that SET plays important roles in the tumor progression of a subset of canine mammary tumor by suppressing PP2A activity and enhancing mTOR, β-catenin, and NFκB signaling.

  3. TVT与TVT-O治疗女性压力性尿失禁对比研究%Tension-free Vaginal Tape and Tension-free Vaginal Tape-obturator for Treatment of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹晓兰; 徐惠成; 梁志清

    2010-01-01

    目的 比较无张力性尿道中段悬吊术(tension-free vaginal tape,TVT)和经闭孔无张力尿道中段悬吊术(tension-free vaginal tape-obturator,TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(stress urinary incontinence.SUI)的有效性及并发症.方法 31例女性SUI患者,16例行经阴道TVT,15例行TVT-O.SUI诊断主要根据患者症状、妇科检查、压力试验及尿动力学检查.术前及术后3、6、12、24月按照自制尿失禁问卷调查表进行评分,评价其主观治愈率.记录手术时间、术中及术后并发症、术中失血量、术后尿管留置时间、住院天数、术后2年随访结果.结果 TVT-O组手术平均时间比TVT组明显缩短(P<0.05).TVT-O组无膀胱穿孔及排尿困难,TVT术中2例出现膀胱穿孔(12.5%),术后1例出现短暂性尿潴留(6.2%),1例出现急迫性尿失禁(6.2%),TVT-O组2例术后出现大腿内侧疼痛(13.3%).两组手术出血量、尿管留置天数及住院天数均无明显差异.两组均未出现吊带腐蚀现象.随访2年结果 :TVT治愈率为93.7%,TVT-O治愈率为93.3%.两组术后尿失禁生活质量量表 (incontinence quality of life,I-QOL) 评分明显高于术前,盆腔器官脱垂-尿失禁患者性功能问卷(organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual function questionnaire,P-ISQ) 性生活质量评分术前术后无明显改变.结论 TVT与TVT-O手术效果相当,均是治疗女性SUI有效的方法,但TVT-O手术时间较短,并发症相对较少.

  4. The impact of urinary incontinence on female nursing personnel El impacto de la incontinencia urinaria entre trabajadoras de enfermería O impacto da incontinência urinária entre trabalhadoras de enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela Higa

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI was acessed, its interference in the performance of daily occupational activities and its management among the women's nurse staff of a medical school hospital in Campinas, São Paulo. Of the 291 employers, 27.5% reported UI complaint at least monthly. The activities that required greater effort increased the urinary loss, what resulted in stress, feeling embarrassed and lack of concentration at work. The use of pad was the most frequent strategy at management of UI and sometimes the task could not be interrupted to use the restroom. In conclusion, the activities that require more effort and the difficulty for an adequate management of the UI in workplace increase the problem and interfere on professional performance.Fue identificado la prevalencía de la incontinencia urinaria (IU, su interferencia en las actividades ocupacionales diarias y su manejo entre mujeres profesionales de enfermería de uno hospital escuela de Campinas, São Paulo. Entre 291 trabajadoras, 27,5% refirieron IU no mínimo mensalmente. Las actividades que requerían mayores esfuerzos aumentaran la pérdida de orina y fueran responsables por estrese, vergüenza y pérdida de la concentración en el trabajo. El protector íntimo fue lo más utilizado para minimizar la IU y algunas veces el trabajo no podía ser interrumpido para ir el baño. Es concluido que las actividades en el trabajo que exigen mayores esfuerzos físicos y las dificultades para hacer el manejo adecuado aumentaron la IU e interfieren en el desempeño profesional.Foi identificada a prevalência de incontinência urinária (IU, sua interferência nas atividades ocupacionais diárias e seu manejo entre mulheres profissionais de enfermagem de um hospital de ensino de Campinas, São Paulo. Entre 291 trabalhadoras, 27,5% relataram queixa de IU no mínimo mensalmente. As atividades que requeriam maior esforço aumentaram a perda urinária e eram responsáveis por

  5. Assessment of the size of unerupted permanent canines and premolars in mixed dentition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umićević-Davidović Mirjana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to find the correlation coefficient between mesiodistal width of permanent lower incisors and permanent canine and premolars for each quadrant, to establish equations for prediction of the sum of canine and premolars based on the sum of the lower incisors for the population of the Republic of Srpska as well as to compare the results with the values provided by Moyers's and Tanaka-Johnston's analysis and detremine sexual dimorphizm in tooth size. We analyzed 100 (50 male and 50 female subjects with permanent dentition and class I molar relationship. The mesiodistal width of the lower permanent incisors, upper and lower canines and premolars were measured using a vernier caliper with the accuracy of 0.1 mm. The results show that for all groups of teeth, there is a significant difference (p <0.001 between mesiodistal width in male and female subjects. A linear regression equations are developed for the upper jaw (female y = 0.5276x +9.9756 and male y = 0.5927 x +8.986 and the lower jaw (female y = 0.489x+10.215 and male y =0.633x +7, 5636. We concluded that values provided by Moyers's and Tanaka-Johston's analysis do not coincide with the values of the population of the Republic of Srpska, but they can be clinically applied, with caution to females.

  6. Urodinâmica convencional versus cistometria simplificada para caracterização da incontinência urinária feminina Conventional urodynamics versus simplified cystometry for characterization of female urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Kawano

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a concordância dos diferentes parâmetros urodinâmicos comparados à cistometria simplificada, permitindo uma diminuição na relação custo-benefício no diagnóstico da incontinência urinária de esforço (IUE na mulher. MÉTODOS: foram coletadas e avaliadas retrospectivamente as informações contidas dos prontuários de trinta pacientes acompanhadas, no período de janeiro de 2000 a março de 2001. Todas foram submetidas a exame físico geral e ginecológico. O estudo urodinâmico foi realizado pela técnica convencional, utilizando-se aparelho Dynograph Recorder R-611. A cistometria simplificada foi realizada com auxílio de um equipo em "Y" de PVC (pressão venosa central, conectado a um sonda de Foley 14 F, que permitia tanto a infusão de soro fisiológico como a captação da pressão intra-vesical. Foram analisados os parâmetros: volume residual, capacidade vesical, complacência, presença de contrações involuntárias do detrusor e perdas urinárias aos esforços. Para determinação da proporção de concordância entre os métodos foram utilizados o teste de concordância de Pearson e o teste de Wilcoxon, para amostras relacionadas. RESULTADOS: a média de idade foi de 50 anos, com extremos variando de 28 a 70 anos. O índice de concordância entre os estudos, na demonstração das perdas urinárias aos esforços, foi de 67%. Para a detecção das contrações involuntárias do detrusor, a proporção de concordância foi de 90%. A média do volume residual encontrado na cistometria simplificada foi de 16,8 ml contra 2 ml da urodinâmica convencional, com diferença significativa (p OBJECTIVE: to assess the concordance of different urodynamic parameters with simplified cystometry, thus improving the cost-benefit relationship for stress urinary incontinence (SUI diagnosis in woman. METHODS: we evaluated retrospectively the medical records of thirty patients treated, from January 2000 to March 2001. All

  7. Upper urinary tract tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gandrup, Karen L; Nordling, Jørgen; Balslev, Ingegerd

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Computed tomography urography (CTU) is used widely in the work-up of patients with symptoms of urinary tract lesions. Preoperative knowledge of whether a tumor is invasive or non-invasive is important for the choice of surgery. So far there are no studies about the distinction...... of invasive and non-invasive tumors in ureter and renal pelvis based on the enhancement measured with Hounsfield Units. PURPOSE: To examine the value of CTU using split-bolus technique to distinguish non-invasive from invasive urothelial carcinomas in the upper urinary tract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients...... obtained at CTU could distinguish between invasive and non-invasive lesions. No patients had a CTU within the last year before the examination that resulted in surgery. CONCLUSION: A split-bolus CTU cannot distinguish between invasive and non-invasive urothelial tumors in the upper urinary tract...

  8. Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Jia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Canine and feline parasitic zoonoses have not been given high priority in China, although the role of companion animals as reservoirs for zoonotic parasitic diseases has been recognized worldwide. With an increasing number of dogs and cats under unregulated conditions in China, the canine and feline parasitic zoonoses are showing a trend towards being gradually uncontrolled. Currently, canine and feline parasitic zoonoses threaten human health, and cause death and serious diseases in China. This article comprehensively reviews the current status of major canine and feline parasitic zoonoses in mainland China, discusses the risks dogs and cats pose with regard to zoonotic transmission of canine and feline parasites, and proposes control strategies and measures.

  9. Canine Oral Eosinophilic Granuloma Treated with Electrochemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Nicolás Tellado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of a canine oral eosinophilic granuloma in a 14-year-old female crossbred is described. The dog was presented with a history of ptyalism, halitosis, local pain, decreased appetite, and blood staining noted on food and water bowls. Clinical, hematologic, and biochemical examinations, abdominal ultrasonography, and 3-view chest radiographs were performed, and no metastases were found. Histopathologic examination of two 6 mm punch biopsies from the oral lesion revealed the presence of eosinophilic granulomatous lesions in the submucosa. After treatment with corticosteroids and wide spectrum antibiotics no significant changes in clinical signs and lesion size were observed. Electrochemotherapy (ECT, a novel tumor treatment routinely used for cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors in human patients in the European Union since 2006, was used to treat the eosinophilic granuloma. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia, followed by intravenous administration of bleomycin. Six weeks after treatment a complete response with disappearance of the mass and improvement of clinical signs were observed.

  10. 9 CFR 113.201 - Canine Distemper Vaccine, Killed Virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Canine Distemper Vaccine, Killed Virus... REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.201 Canine Distemper Vaccine, Killed Virus. Canine Distemper Vaccine... canine distemper susceptible dogs (20 vaccinates and 5 controls) shall be used as test animals....

  11. Urinary tract infection following ritual Jewish circumcision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, M; Barr, J; Bistritzer, T; Aladjem, M

    1996-11-01

    Circumcision seems to reduce the overall incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI), although a few studies have suggested that ritual circumcision may be a predisposing factor for UTI within the first 2 weeks following the procedure. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible causal relationship between ritual circumcision and UTI. The study comprised 82 infants with UTI, 55 females and 27 males under the age of 1 year. All males were circumcised on the eighth day of life. The median age of infection was 0.75 and 7.0 months for males and females, respectively. Fifty-two percent (14/27) of UTI episodes were diagnosed within the 2 weeks following circumcision. A significantly lower incidence in Escherichia coli-induced UTI was observed in males compared to females, 67% and 93%, respectively. Similarly, the incidence of E. coli-induced UTI was also significantly lower in males presenting within 2 weeks following circumcision (57%) compared to infants presenting prior or more than 2 weeks following the procedure (92%). Positive blood cultures of an identical microorganism were observed in 6/27 males compared to 2/55 females. The incidence of urinary tract malformations and their severity were similar in both sexes. We conclude that the high incidence of UTI following a ritual Jewish circumcision, as well as the relatively high preponderance of bacteria other than E. coli, may suggest a causal relationship between circumcision and UTI.

  12. [Complications of urinary calculi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joual, A; Fekak, H; Rabii, R; el Moussasoui, A; Benjelloun, S

    1996-01-01

    Urinary stones is a frequent disease whose renal complications can engage both functional and vital prognosis. We report 769 complicated cases observed 10 years. The diagnosis was made by intravenous urography and ultrasonography. 607 cases were mechanical complications, 582 hydronephrosis, 25 anuria, 262 were infectious complications, 82 chronic pyelonephritis, 60 pyonephrosis, 10 perinephric abscess. Treatment included adapted antibiotic therapy, ureteral catheter in case of anuria ; surgical extraction of the stone nephrectomy was performed in 100 patients. Results were generally good. 9 patients had endstage chronic renal failure. The high frequency of urinary stone complications is due to the fact that most patients consult late. The diagnosis must obviously be made.

  13. Paraganglioma of urinary bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinod Priyadarshi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder are tumors of chromaffin tissue originating from the sympathetic innervations of the urinary bladder wall and are extremely rare. Being functional, in most of the cases they are recognized by their characteristic presentation of hypertensive crisis and postmicturition syncope. A silent presentation of a bladder paraganglioma is very unusual but quite dangerous as they are easily misdiagnosed and adequate peri-operative attention is not provided. Here, we are presenting one such silent paraganglioma in adult women who presented with only a single episode of hematuria and severe hypertensive crisis occur during its trans-urethral resection.

  14. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting ... Use Notice of Nondiscrimination Visit the Nemours Web site. Note: All information on KidsHealth® is for ...

  15. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

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    Full Text Available ... Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting ... Visit the Nemours Web site. Note: All information on KidsHealth® is for educational purposes only. For ...

  16. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the urethra. Wear cotton underwear. Nylon underwear traps moisture near your body, especially when it's hot outside. Bacteria love to grow in warm, moist places. ... Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting Contact ...

  17. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

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    Full Text Available ... You'll also want to stay away from foods and drinks that contain caffeine , such as cola ... For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting Contact ...

  18. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

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    Full Text Available ... Tract Infections (UTIs) Print A A A What's in this article? What Exactly Is a Urinary Tract? ... happen because bacteria have caused an infection somewhere in your urinary tract. Let's find out more. What ...

  19. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

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    Full Text Available ... Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting ... of Use Visit the Nemours Web site. Note: All information on KidsHealth® is for educational purposes only. For ...

  20. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

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    Full Text Available ... ready to pee, you relax a set of muscles at the bottom of your bladder. That lets ... For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting Contact ...

  1. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... send the urine sample to a lab for testing. If it turns out you have a bladder ... ON THIS TOPIC Chronic Kidney Diseases Movie: Urinary System Your Urinary System Bedwetting Contact Us Print Resources ...

  2. Acidosis and Urinary Calcium Excretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexander, R Todd; Cordat, Emmanuelle; Chambrey, Régine

    2016-01-01

    Metabolic acidosis is associated with increased urinary calcium excretion and related sequelae, including nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis. The increased urinary calcium excretion induced by metabolic acidosis predominantly results from increased mobilization of calcium out of bone and inhibi...

  3. Expression of prolactin receptors in normal canine mammary tissue, canine mammary adenomas and mammary adenocarcinomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Erika

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mammary tumors represent the most common neoplastic disease in female dogs. Recently, the promoting role of prolactin (PRL in the development of human breast carcinoma has been shown. Possible proliferative, anti-apoptotic, migratory and angiogenic effects of PRL on human mammary cancer cells in vitro and in vivo were suggested. The effects of PRL are mediated by its receptor, and alterations in receptor expression are likely to play a role in tumor development. Currently, not much data is available about prolactin receptor (PRLR expression in canine mammary tumors. To set the basis for investigations on the role of PRL in mammary tumorigenesis in this species, prolactin receptor expression was evaluated by semi-quantitative real time PCR and immunohistochemistry on 10 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples each of canine non-neoplastic mammary tissue, mammary adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Results The highest PRLR expression levels were found in normal mammary tissue, while adenomas, and to an even higher degree adenocarcinomas, showed a significant decrease in prolactin receptor expression. Compared to normal tissue, PRLR mRNA was reduced 2.4 fold (p = 0.0261 in adenomas and 4.8 fold (p = 0.008 in adenocarcinomas. PRLR mRNA expression was significantly lower in malignant than in benign lesions (p = 0.0165. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated PRLR expression in all three tissue types with signals mostly limited to epithelial cells. Conclusions Malignant transformation of mammary tissue was associated with a decline in prolactin receptor expression. Further studies are warranted to address the functional significance of this finding.

  4. Clinical effects of Solifenacin on female overactive bladder symptoms secondary to uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection%索利那新在治疗女性单纯性下尿路感染继发膀胱过度活动症状的临床效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖波; 邓显忠; 李雨根; 陈小彬; 余晓东

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the efficacy and safety of Solifenacin on female overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms secondary to uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection. Methods Seventy-three adult female patients who had clinically diagnosed as OAB symptoms secondary to uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection were randomly divided into treatment group (41 cases) and control group (32 cases). Treatment group received Solifenacin , 5 mg orally qd , as well as OAB behavioral therapy , but control group was given only OAB behavioral therapy. The overactive bladder syndrome score (OABSS) was evaluated before and after antibiotic treatment in all the patients , and the treatment or observation time lasted four weeks after the antibiotic treatment were deactivated. Then OABSS scoring and the cure rate between two groups were compared. Results OABSS score of treatment group decreased significantly after receiving Solifenacin treatment one week , and the cure rate reached 56.10%, and two weeks later, the cure rate reached 92.68%. OABSS score of control group had no significant change one week after treatment and the cure rate was only 6.25%, but at the fourth week OABSS had decreased significantly and the cure rate reached 37.50%, which was still significantly lower than that of treatment group. There were no drug adverse events during treatment in both groups. Conclusions There is obvious clinical effect of solifenacin on female OAB symptoms secondary to uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection, which is safe and could significantly shorten the course of treatment.%目的:探讨索利那新在治疗女性单纯性下尿路感染继发膀胱过度活动(OAB)症状的临床效果,并评价其安全性.方法:临床上顺序收集73例诊断为单纯性下尿路感染继发OAB症状的成年女性患者,并随机分为治疗组(41 例)和对照组(32 例),治疗组予以琥珀酸索利那新,5 mg 口服,每天 1 次,同时辅助OAB行为治疗,对照组仅予以OAB行为治

  5. Urinary albumin in space missions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cirillo, Massimo; De Santo, Natale G; Heer, Martina

    2002-01-01

    Proteinuria was hypothesized for space mission but research data are missing. Urinary albumin, as index of proteinuria, was analyzed in frozen urine samples collected by astronauts during space missions onboard MIR station and on ground (control). Urinary albumin was measured by a double antibody...... radioimmunoassay. On average, 24h urinary albumin was 27.4% lower in space than on ground; the difference was statistically significant. Low urinary albumin excretion could be another effect of exposure to weightlessness (microgravity)....

  6. Hyperammonemia in Urinary Tract Infections

    OpenAIRE

    Tsuneaki Kenzaka; Ken Kato; Akihito Kitao; Koki Kosami; Kensuke Minami; Shinsuke Yahata; Miho Fukui; Masanobu Okayama

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The present study investigated the incidence of hyperammonemia in urinary tract infections and explored the utility of urinary obstruction relief and antimicrobial administration to improve hyperammonemia. Methods This was an observational study. Subjects were patients who were diagnosed with urinary tract infection and hospitalized between June 2008 and June 2009. We measured plasma ammonia levels on admission in patients who were clinically diagnosed with urinary tract infection ...

  7. Urinary albumin in space missions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cirillo, Massimo; De Santo, Natale G; Heer, Martina

    2002-01-01

    Proteinuria was hypothesized for space mission but research data are missing. Urinary albumin, as index of proteinuria, was analyzed in frozen urine samples collected by astronauts during space missions onboard MIR station and on ground (control). Urinary albumin was measured by a double antibody...... radioimmunoassay. On average, 24h urinary albumin was 27.4% lower in space than on ground; the difference was statistically significant. Low urinary albumin excretion could be another effect of exposure to weightlessness (microgravity)....

  8. The new world of the urinary microbiota in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Linda; Wolfe, Alan J

    2015-11-01

    Emerging evidence challenges the long-held paradigm that the healthy bladder is sterile. These discoveries may provide new opportunities to address important women's health conditions, which include preterm labor and delivery, urinary tract infections, and common forms of urinary incontinence. Traditional tools for urinary bacterial assessment, which includes urinary dipsticks and standard urine cultures, have significant limitations that restrict the information that is available to clinicians. For example, the standard urine culture does not detect slow-growing bacteria that die in the presence of oxygen. Two new, complementary tools, however, can detect these and other organisms, which permits a more complete characterization of bacterial communities within the female bladder. Obstetrician-gynecologists should become familiar with these new approaches (expanded quantitative urine culture and 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing) that can detect previously unrecognized organisms. These advances are making it possible to answer previously intractable scientific and clinical questions. Traditional nomenclature used to describe the bacterial status in the bladder is quite dated and unsuited for the emerging information about the bacterial milieu of the female urinary tract. In the context of the sterile bladder paradigm, clinicians have learned about "uropathogens," "asymptomatic bacteriuria," and "urinary tract infection." Given that the lower urinary tract is not sterile, these terms should be reevaluated. Clinicians can already benefit from the emerging knowledge regarding urinary organisms that have previously gone undetected or unappreciated. For example, in some subpopulations of women with urinary symptoms, existing data suggest that the urinary bacterial community may be associated with women's health conditions of interest. This Clinical Opinion highlights the inadequacies of the current tools for urinary bacterial assessment, describes the new assessment

  9. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... urinary tract. Let's find out more. What Exactly Is a Urinary Tract? Your urinary tract is actually a system made up of these main ... to the bladder. When it's empty, your bladder is about the same size as an empty balloon. ...

  10. Canine Hip Dysplasia: Diagnostic Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, J Ryan; Gambino, Jennifer

    2017-07-01

    Diagnostic imaging is the principal method used to screen for and diagnose hip dysplasia in the canine patient. Multiple techniques are available, each having advantages, disadvantages, and limitations. Hip-extended radiography is the most used method and is best used as a screening tool and for assessment for osteoarthritis. Distraction radiographic methods such as the PennHip method allow for improved detection of laxity and improved ability to predict future osteoarthritis development. More advanced techniques such as MRI, although expensive and not widely available, may improve patient screening and allow for improved assessment of cartilage health. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Anatomical features of the urethra and urinary bladder catheterization in female mice and rats. An essential translational tool Características anatômicas da cateterização da uretra e bexiga de camundongos e ratos fêmeas. Instrumento essencial na pesquisa pré clínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Oliveira Reis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To present fundamental anatomical aspects and technical skills necessary to urethra and urinary bladder catheterization in female mice and rats. METHODS: Urethral and bladder catheterization has been widely utilized for carcinogenesis and cancer research and still remains very useful in several applications: from toxicological purposes as well as inflammatory and infectious conditions to functional aspects as bladder dynamics and vesicoureteral reflux, among many others. RESULTS: Animal models are in the center of translational research and those involving rodents are the most important nowadays due to several advantages including human reproducibility, easy handling and low cost. CONCLUSIONS: Although technical and anatomical pearls for rodent urethral and bladder access are presented as tackles to the advancement of lower urinary tract preclinical investigation in a broaden sight, restriction to female animals hampers the male microenvironment, demanding future advances.OBJETIVO: Apresentar aspectos anatômicos fundamentais e habilidades técnicas necessárias para cateterismo da uretra e bexiga em ratos e camundongos fêmeas. MÉTODOS: Cateterismo vesical tem sido amplamente utilizado na pesquisa do câncer e carcinogênese, além de várias outras aplicações, desde fins toxicológicos, condições inflamatórias e infecciosas até aspectos funcionais como a dinâmica vesical e refluxo vesico-ureteral, entre muitos outros. RESULTADOS: Os modelos animais estão no centro da investigação de translação e os roedores são os mais importantes devido a várias vantagens, incluindo reprodutibilidade humana, o fácil manuseio e baixo custo. CONCLUSÕES: Apesar de permitir o desenvolvimento da investigação pré-clínica do trato urinário inferior, o modelo se restringe aos animais do sexo feminino, de modo que avanços futuros são necessários.

  12. A single incision adjustable sling-the AjustTM system for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence:clinical analysis of 16 cases%单切口经阴道可调节AjustTM吊带治疗女性压力性尿失禁16例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊文龙; 郭峰; 姜有涛; 倪泽称; 艾合买提; 艾克拜尔; 汪清

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the AjustTM system for the treatment of femalestress urinary incontinence(SUI).Methods From Apr 2013 to Nov 2013,16 cases of female patients with stress urinary incontinence in our hospital were enrolled in the study.All patients with primary urodynamic SUI were prospectively selected to receive the adjustable single incision AjustTM procedure,the clinical data was recorded and analyzed,inchided objective and subjective cure rate and operative complications.Results All 16 patients successfully completed the operation,operation success rate was 100%.The operative duration was 10-35 minx,the blood loss ranged from 10-35 ml.During the operation,there no bladder or urethral injury,no intestinal or vaginal injury,no perineum haematoma or incision infection,no voiding dysfunction or denovo urgency appeared.All of the 16 cases SUI were cured.With a follow-up from 6 months,no one recurrence.Conclusions The adjustable single incision AjustTM system was a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of female SUI and with fewer complications,the efficacy of AjustTM was good in a short term follow-up.%目的 评估AjustTM吊带系统手术治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的安全性和疗效.方法 2013年4月~2013年11月共收集SUI患者16例,应用单切口可调节AjustTM吊带系统进行治疗,记录并分析所有患者的临床资料,包括治愈率、满意度和手术并发症等.结果 16例手术均获得成功,手术时间为9~ 17min,失血量10 ~35mL,平均18±4.5mL.膀胱等盆腔脏器及尿道无损伤,围手术期无会阴血肿的发生,无切口感染发生.16例尿失禁均消失,随访半年无复发.结论 单切口A justTM吊带治疗SUI创伤小,并发症少,疗效良好.

  13. Relação entre incontinência urinária em mulheres atletas corredoras de longa distância e distúrbio alimentar The relationship between urinary incontinence and eating disorders in female long-distance runners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíta Poli de Araújo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ocorrência de incontinência urinária (IU em atletas corredoras de longa distância e associá-la a presença ou não de distúrbios alimentares. MÉTODOS: Um total de 37 corredoras de longa distância completaram os questionários ¨International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form¨ (ICIQ-SF e o ¨Eating Attitudes Test¨ (EAT-26. O teste do absorvente de uma hora foi realizado para quantificar a perda de urina. A análise estatística das variáveis contínuas foi feita pelo teste t pareado, ou teste de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: 23 atletas (62,2% tinham queixa de perda de urina. A média dos escores do ICIQ-SF neste grupo foi de 4,03 ± 5,06. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre o valor do teste do absorvente (p=0,02 e o resultado do questionário EAT-26 (p=0,03 no grupo de atletas incontinentes. CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos IU em atletas corredoras de longa distância e houve correlação com distúrbios alimentar. Técnicos devem estar atentos para a ocorrência de eventuais distúrbios e encaminhar tais atletas para uma equipe multidisciplinar.BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in female long-distance runners and to compare it with the presence or not of eating disorders. Methods - A total of 37 women have completed the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF and the short version of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26. A one-hour pad test was performed to determine urine loss. Mean values of continuous variables were compared using an independent sample t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: 23 athletes (62.2% reported urine loss. The mean of the ICIQ-SF was 4.03 ± 5.06. There was a significant relation between the 1-hour pad test (p=0.02 and eating disorders (p=0.03. CONCLUSIONS: There was urinary incontinence in female long-distance runners and a correlation with eating disorders. Coaches should improve their knowledge

  14. Mandibular Canine Dimorphism in Establishing Sex Identity in the Lebanese Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fouad Ayoub

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective. In forensic investigations, mandibular canines provide excellent materials to identify gender since they are more likely to survive disasters. The objective of this study was to investigate gender dimorphism by comparing the mesiodistal width of mandibular permanent canines and intercanine distance in a group of Lebanese population. Methods. Participants consisted of undergraduate students from the School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, for two academic years who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Canine widths and intercanine distance were measured by one operator directly on dental casts using a digital caliper. Results. One hundred thirty-three Lebanese dental students (54 males and 69 females aged 18–25 were included in the study. The intercanine distance was significantly greater in males (P value 0.05 and females (P value > 0.05. The mean width of canine was greater than 7.188 mm for males. Conclusion. The parameters measured in the present study are of great help in sex identification in forensic investigations in the Lebanese adult population.

  15. Mandibular Canine Dimorphism in Establishing Sex Identity in the Lebanese Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayoub, Fouad; Shamseddine, Loubna; Rifai, Mohamad; Diab, Randa; Zaarour, Ibrahim; Rouhana, Georges

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objective. In forensic investigations, mandibular canines provide excellent materials to identify gender since they are more likely to survive disasters. The objective of this study was to investigate gender dimorphism by comparing the mesiodistal width of mandibular permanent canines and intercanine distance in a group of Lebanese population. Methods. Participants consisted of undergraduate students from the School of Dentistry, Lebanese University, for two academic years who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Canine widths and intercanine distance were measured by one operator directly on dental casts using a digital caliper. Results. One hundred thirty-three Lebanese dental students (54 males and 69 females) aged 18–25 were included in the study. The intercanine distance was significantly greater in males (P value 0.05) and females (P value > 0.05). The mean width of canine was greater than 7.188 mm for males. Conclusion. The parameters measured in the present study are of great help in sex identification in forensic investigations in the Lebanese adult population. PMID:24672548

  16. Antibiogram of bacterial species isolated from canine pyometra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhu Swamy

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the present work was to ascertain the bacterial flora causing pyometra in female dogs and their antibiotic sensitivity. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted to determine the antibiogram of bacterial species isolated from 20 female dogs diagnosed with pyometra. The vaginal discharge was collected by sterile swab and streaked smoothly over Mueller Hinton medium and sensitivity towards antibiotics was determined by measuring the zone of inhibition using a Hi-media scale. Results: The antobiogram showed that Gentamicin was the most sensitive (85% antibiotic followed by Enrofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin and Amoxicillin (65%, 65% and 55%, respectively. The isolates were most resistant to Oxytetracycline (85% followed by Tetracycline, Ampicillin, Chloramphenicol, Cloxacillin and Erythromycin (80%, 80%, 75%, 70% and 70%, respectively. Conclusion: Gentamicin was found to be most effective antibiotic against the bacterial species isolated from canine pyometra. [Vet World 2013; 6(8.000: 546-549

  17. Urinary Tract Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plummer, Nancy; Michael, Nancy, Ed.

    This module on urinary tract infections is intended for use in inservice or continuing education programs for persons who administer medications in long-term care facilities. Instructor information, including teaching suggestions, and a listing of recommended audiovisual materials and their sources appear first. The module goal and objectives are…

  18. Urinary Tract Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plummer, Nancy; Michael, Nancy, Ed.

    This module on urinary tract infections is intended for use in inservice or continuing education programs for persons who administer medications in long-term care facilities. Instructor information, including teaching suggestions, and a listing of recommended audiovisual materials and their sources appear first. The module goal and objectives are…

  19. KIDNEY AND URINARY TRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    10.1 Kidney function2004116 Measurement of urinary neutral endopeptid-ase and its significance in diagnosing renal tubular injury. ZHANG Zhi (张智), et al. Div Nephrol, Ruijin Hosp, Shanghai 2nd Med Univ, Shanghai 200025. Chin J Nephrol 2003; 19(6) :392-396.

  20. Reoperation for urinary incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss Hansen, Margrethe; Lose, Gunnar; Kesmodel, Ulrik Schiøler

    2016-01-01

    on a nationwide population. STUDY DESIGN: We used the Danish National Patient Registry to identify women who had surgery for urinary incontinence from 1998 through 2007 and the outcome was a reoperation within 5 years. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate the rate of reoperation for 6 types of surgery...

  1. Female genital mutilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladjali, M; Rattray, T W; Walder, R J

    1993-08-21

    Female genital mutilation, also misleadingly known as female circumcision, is usually performed on girls ranging in from 1 week to puberty. Immediate physical complications include severe pain, shock, infection, bleeding, acute urinary infection, tetanus, and death. Longterm problems include chronic pain, difficulties with micturition and menstruation, pelvic infection leading to infertility, and prolonged and obstructed labor during childbirth. An estimated 80 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. In Britain alone an estimated 10,000 girls are currently at risk. Religious, cultural, medical, and moral grounds rationalize the custom which is practiced primarily in sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab world, Malaysia, Indonesia, and among migrant populations in Western countries. According to WHO it is correlated with poverty, illiteracy, and the low status of women. Women who escape mutilation are not sought in marriage. WHO, the UN Population Fund, the UN Children's Fund, the International Planned Parenthood Federation, and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child have issued declarations on the eradication of female genital mutilation. In Britain, local authorities have intervened to prevent parents from mutilating their daughters. In 1984, the Inter-African Committee Against Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting Women and Children was established to work toward eliminating female genital mutilation and other damaging customs. National committees in 26 African countries coordinate projects run by local people using theater, dance, music, and storytelling for communication. In Australia, Canada, Europe, and the US women have organized to prevent the practice among vulnerable migrants and refugees.

  2. 两种网片悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效比较%Comparison of curative effect between two mesh suspensions in treating female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪岭; 孙静; 滕晓明; 李昆明; 李怀芳; 樊伯珍; 童晓文

    2010-01-01

    目的 评估两种网片悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效及安全性.方法 将75例女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)患者分成2组,A组(35例)采用童氏前路悬吊术治疗,B组(40例)行改良TVT-O术治疗,分析2组手术疗效、安全性及并发症等.结果 2组术式在手术时间[(20.13±4.96)min vs(16.46±7.65)min]、术中出血[(39.86±5.48)ml vs(37.23±8.25)ml]、损伤(0 vs 0)、近期尿潴留(1/35 vs 2/40)、治愈率(94.3% vs 92.5%)等方面差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),但A组手术费用低于B组[(980.74±212.45)元 vs (2879.06±467.13)元],差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 两种术式对SUI的治疗效果相似,改良TVT-O手术难度较大,适合在大型医院内进行推广;童氏前路悬吊术不经盆腔,完全在直视下进行,操作简单、安全、经济,也可在基层医院内进行推广,还可以作为TVT、SPARC、ⅣS、MONARC、TOT、TVT-O等术式失败后的一种补救手术措施.%Objective To evaluate the curative effect difference between Tong's anterior mesh suspension and modified tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O). Methods 75 SUI cases were random divided into two groups: Group A (35 cases) were accepted Tong's anterior mesh suspension and group B (40cases) were accepted modified tension-free vaginal tape- obturator. Curative effects, operation safety,and complications and so on, were recorded and compared. Results There had no statistical differences between these two groups on operation time, bleeding lose, operation injury, immediate postoperative urinary retention andcure rates, but the operation expense of group A was cheaper than group B [ (980. 74 ±212.45)yuan vs (2879.06 ±467. 13)yuan , P <0.05). Conclusion The curative effect between two methods were similar. It's a little complicated and fit to be popularized in large hospital to modified tensionfree vaginal tape-obturator. Tong's anterior mesh suspension was performed under completely direct vision,not through

  3. Comparison of individual canine retraction using HYCON device and nickel titanium closed coil spring: In vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruby Mathew

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare the individual canine retraction using HYCON device and Nickel Titanium closed coil springs. Materials and Methods: The sample consists of 20 patients, 10 males and 10 females. Class1 bimaxillary protrusion cases were selected for the study with age group ranging from 14 to 23 years. HYCON device was placed on the right side of the maxillary arch and Nickel Titanium closed coil spring were placed on left side of the maxillary arch. Lateral cephalograms, OPG and study models were taken before retraction (T0 and records were taken after retraction (T1. Results: The duration of this study is for 3 months. HYCON device retracted canines by 2.42 mm/mo whereas NiTi closed coil spring retracted canines by 1.34 mm/mo in a period of 3 months. Anchorage loss with a minimal of 1.40 mm is seen in HYCON device whereas in case of NiTi closed coil spring the anchorage loss was 3.35 mm. The angular rotation of canines measured was found to be 2.59 degrees in HYCON device and 10.80 in NiTi closed coil spring. Clinically and radiologically, in most of the cases canines moved bodily with 1.90 degrees of tipping for HYCON device while NiTi closed coil spring canine tipping was 6.95 degrees. Conclusion: For rapid space closure HYCON device is a promising appliance. With HYCON device, canines can be completely retracted in 3 months and there was bodily movement of canines seen in all cases with minimum amount of tipping.

  4. A new system for assessment of growth using mandibular canine calcification stages and its correlation with modified MP3 stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gautham Hegde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning for growing children must involve growth prediction, especially in the treatment of skeletal problems. Studies have shown that a strong association exists between skeletal maturity and dental calcification stages. The present study was therefore taken up to provide a simple and practical method for assessing skeletal maturity using a dental periapical film and standard dental X-ray machine, to compare the developmental stages of the mandibular canine with that of developmental stages of modified MP3 and to find out if any correlation exists, to determine if the developmental stages of the mandibular canine alone can be used as a reliable indicator for assessment of skeletal maturity. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 periapical radiographs, of the mandibular right canine and the MP3 region was taken and assessed according to the Dermirjian′s stages of dental calcification and the modified MP3 stages. Results and Discussion: The correlation coefficient between MP3 stages and developmental stages of mandibular canine was found to be significant in both male and female groups. When the canine calcification stages were compared with the MP3 stages it was found that with the exception of the D stage of canine calcification the remaining stages showed a very high correlation with the modified MP3 stages. Conclusion: The correlation between the mandibular canine calcification stages, and the MP3 stages was found to be significant. The canine calcification could be used as a sole indicator for assessment of skeletal maturity.

  5. Canine Mammary Cancer Stem Cells are Radio- and Chemo- Resistant and Exhibit an Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Argyle

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Canine mammary carcinoma is the most common cancer among female dogs and is often fatal due to the development of distant metastases. In humans, solid tumors are made up of heterogeneous cell populations, which perform different roles in the tumor economy. A small subset of tumor cells can hold or acquire stem cell characteristics, enabling them to drive tumor growth, recurrence and metastasis. In veterinary medicine, the molecular drivers of canine mammary carcinoma are as yet undefined. Here we report that putative cancer stem cells (CSCs can be isolated form a canine mammary carcinoma cell line, REM134. We show that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres, a characteristic of stem cells, and that they express embryonic stem cell markers associated with pluripotency. Moreover, canine CSCs are relatively resistant to the cytotoxic effects of common chemotherapeutic drugs and ionizing radiation, indicating that failure of clinical therapy to eradicate canine mammary cancer may be due to the survival of CSCs. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT has been associated with cancer invasion, metastasis, and the acquisition of stem cell characteristics. Our results show that canine CSCs predominantly express mesenchymal markers and are more invasive than parental cells, indicating that these cells have a mesenchymal phenotype. Furthermore, we show that canine mammary cancer cells can be induced to undergo EMT by TGFβ and that these cells have an increased ability to form tumorspheres. Our findings indicate that EMT induction can enrich for cells with CSC properties, and provide further insight into canine CSC biology.

  6. Staphylococcus saprophyticus Bacteremia originating from Urinary Tract Infections: A Case Report and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Hur, Jaehyung; Lee, Anna; Hong, Jeongmin; Jo, Won-yong; Cho, Oh-Hyun; Kim, Sunjoo; Bae, In-Gyu

    2016-01-01

    Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a common pathogen of acute urinary tract infection (UTI) in young females. However, S. saprophyticus bacteremia originating from UTI is very rare and has not been reported in Korea. We report a case of S. saprophyticus bacteremia from UTI in a 60-year-old female with a urinary stone treated successfully with intravenous ciprofloxacin, and review the cases of S. saprophyticus bacteremia reported in the literature. Thus, the microorganism may cause invasive infec...

  7. Urinary leukotriene E4 concentrations as a potential marker of inflammation in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im Hof, M; Schnyder, M; Hartnack, S; Stanke-Labesque, F; Luckschander, N; Burgener, I A

    2012-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and food-responsive diarrhea (FRD) are chronic enteropathies of dogs (CCE) that currently can only be differentiated by their response to treatment after exclusion of other diseases. In humans, increased urinary concentrations of leukotriene E4 (LTE4) have been associated with active IBD. To evaluate urinary LTE4 concentrations in dogs with IBD, FRD, and healthy controls, and to assess correlation of urinary LTE4 concentrations with the canine IBD activity index (CIBDAI) scores. Eighteen dogs with IBD, 19 dogs with FRD, and 23 healthy control dogs. In this prospective study, urine was collected and CIBDAI scores were calculated in client-owned dogs with IBD and those with FRD. Quantification of LTE4 in urine was performed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and corrected to creatinine. Urinary LTE4 concentrations were highest in dogs with IBD (median 85.2 pg/mg creatinine [10th-90th percentiles 10.9-372.6]) followed by those with FRD (median 31.2 pg/mg creatinine [10th-90th percentiles 6.2-114.5]) and control dogs (median 21.1 pg/mg creatinine [10th-90th percentiles 9.1-86.5]). Urinary LTE4 concentrations were higher in dogs with IBD than in control dogs (P = .011), but no significant difference between IBD and FRD was found. No correlation was found between urinary LTE4 concentrations and CIBDAI. The higher urinary LTE4 concentrations in dogs with IBD suggest that cysteinyl leukotriene pathway activation might be a component of the inflammatory process in canine IBD. Furthermore, urinary LTE4 concentrations are of potential use as a marker of inflammation in dogs with CCE. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  8. Antibiotic Resistance in Urinary Tract Infections in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Ronald P.; Haith, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To determine resistance to antibiotics of "Escherichia coli" in uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs) in female college students. Participants: Symptomatic patients presenting to a student health service from September 2008 to December 2009. Methods: Clean catch midstream urine samples were tested for urinalysis (UA) and…

  9. Antibiotic Resistance in Urinary Tract Infections in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Ronald P.; Haith, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To determine resistance to antibiotics of "Escherichia coli" in uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs) in female college students. Participants: Symptomatic patients presenting to a student health service from September 2008 to December 2009. Methods: Clean catch midstream urine samples were tested for urinalysis (UA) and…

  10. Urinary Cadmium and Serum Sex Hormone Levels of 32 Female Workers Exposed to Cadmium in A Cadmium Battery Factory%某镉电池厂镉作业女性32人尿镉及血清中性激素的水平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞敏; 李倩兰; 王薇

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the influencing factors of level changes of urinary cadmium and serum sex hormone of female workers exposed to cadmium, and explore its mechanism. [Methods] A total of 100 female workers with cadmium exposure were se-lected from a cadmium battery factory as the exposure group in November 2010, which was furthermore partitioned into 2 smaller ex-posure groups according to the air cadmium levels in workplace. Another 50 female workers from the same factory were selected as the control group. Urine samples were collected for the measurement of urinary cadmium, and blood samples for the levels of serum FSH, LH and £2. [ Results] Urinary cadmium level and abnormal rate of the 2 exposure groups were significantly higher than those of the control group P <0.05 ,P <0.01). The level of serum FSH , LH and E2 of high dose exposure group was significantly lower than that of the control group in menstrual phase (P < 0. 01) ; serum LH level of high dose exposure group was significantly lower than that of control group in follicular phase of menstrual cycle( P <0.01) ; while serum LH and E2 were significantly lower than those of control group in luteal phase of menstrual cycle(P <0.01). [ Conclusion] Under the conditions of this study, the over standard cad-mium oxide concentration in the workplace air is the major risk factor for the increasing of urinary cadmium level. Cadmium exposure may influence the sex hormone secreting function of hypothalamus-hypophysis-ovary hormone axis, thus causes endocrine disrupting effects on the reproductive system of female workers.%目的 了解镉作业女工尿镉及血清中性激素水平改变的影响因素并初步探讨其机制.方法 2010年11月,选取某镉电池工厂镉作业女工100名作为接触组,按工作场所空气中镉含量的水平分成高、低2个接触浓度组;并选取来自同一家工厂未接触镉作业的50名女工作为对照组,测定3组人群的尿镉、促卵泡刺激

  11. Controversial results of therapy with mesenchymal stem cells in the acute phase of canine distemper disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinheiro, A O; Cardoso, M T; Vidane, A S; Casals, J B; Passarelli, D; Alencar, A L F; Sousa, R L M; Fantinato-Neto, P; Oliveira, V C; Lara, V M; Ambrósio, C E

    2016-05-23

    Distemper disease is an infectious disease reported in several species of domestic and wild carnivores. The high mortality rate of animals infected with canine distemper virus (CDV) treated with currently available therapies has driven the study of new efficacious treatments. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy is a promising therapeutic option for many degenerative, hereditary, and inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize stem cells derived from the canine fetal olfactory epithelium and to assess the systemic response of animals infected with CDV to symptomatic therapy and treatment with MSCs. Eight domestic mongrel dogs (N = 8) were divided into two groups: support group (SG) (N = 5) and support group + cell therapy (SGCT) (N = 3), which were monitored over 15 days. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 6, 9, 12, and 15 to assess blood count and serum biochemistry (urea, creatinine, alanine transferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, total protein, albumin, and globulin), and urine samples were obtained on days 0 and 15 for urinary evaluation (urine I). The results showed a high mortality rate (SG = 4 and SGCT = 2), providing inadequate data on the clinical course of CDV infection. MSC therapy resulted in no significant improvement when administered during the acute phase of canine distemper disease, and a prevalence of animals with high mortality rate was found in both groups due to the severity of symptoms.

  12. [Epidemiology of urinary lithiasis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joual, A; Rais, H; Rabii, R; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1997-01-01

    The objective of this study was to analyse the epidemiological profile of urinary stones based on one thousand cases observed in our institution over a 10-year period. The mean age of the patients was 45 years and two-thirds of patients were males. The kidney was the commonest site of stones, in 57.8% of cases. The stone was radiopaque in 86.4% of cases and was a staghorn calculus in 12.2% of cases. An associated renal malformation was observed in 10.4% of cases. Urinary stones is therefore a common disease, essentially observed in a young population and characterized by recurrence. It therefore constitutes a public health problem and prevention consists of detecting recurrences and treating stone-inducing factors.

  13. Urinary Incontinence in Elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Neki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urinary Incontinence (UI is dened any involuntary leakage of urine. It is twice as common in women as in men and affects at least 1 in 3 older women. It is not a normal result of aging. Rather it is a medical problem that is often curable and should be treated. Urine is stored in the bladder and emptied via the urethra. During urination, muscles of the bladder wall contract, forcing urine from the bladder into the urethra. Sphincter muscles surrounding the urethra relax thus releasing urine from the body. Incontinence occurs if bladder muscles suddenly contract or sphincter muscles are not strong enough to contain urine. The diagnosis of geriatric urinary incontinence includes evaluation for overow incontinence, functional incontinence and stress incontinence. The treatment goal should be realistic and aim to improve the patient's functional status and quality of life. Best treatment outcomes can only be achieved by a holistic treatment approach.

  14. Triple bone labeling of canine mandibles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Kwon, P H

    1990-01-01

    Fluorescence microscopy was used for evaluation of new bone formation in 16 canine mandibles augmented with hydroxylapatite (HA) granules. Three fluorochromes were injected at different time intervals during therapeutic radiation treatment. Oxytetracycline, DCAF, and alizarin-complexone were give...

  15. Extrusion processing : effects on dry canine diets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tran, Q.D.

    2008-01-01

    Keywords: Extrusion, Canine diet, Protein, Lysine, Starch gelatinization, Palatability, Drying. Extrusion cooking is a useful and economical tool for processing animal feed. This high temperature, short time processing technology causes chemical and physical changes that alter the nutritional and

  16. Incidence of Impacted Mandibular Canine and Associated ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine ... Incidence of Impacted Mandibular Canine and Associated Pathologies in an Orthodontic Patient ... The clinical data and panoramic radiographs were reviewed and observations on the status ...

  17. Managing urinary tract infections

    OpenAIRE

    Saadeh, Sermin A.; Mattoo, Tej K.

    2011-01-01

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in childhood. Presence of pyuria and bacteriuria in an appropriately collected urine sample are diagnostic of UTI. The risk of UTI is increased with an underlying urological abnormality such as vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, and voiding dysfunction. Patients with acute pyelonephritis are at risk of renal scarring and subsequent complications such as hypertension, proteinuria with and without FSGS, pregnancy-related complications and even end-sta...

  18. [Nonsurgical endodontic treatment of an invaginated canine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández Guerrero, F; Miñana Laliga, R; Bullon Fernandez, P

    1989-01-01

    We present a case of a maxillary canine with a dens invaginatus treated successfully. The patient had pain, swelling and a sinus tract coming from the inmature apex of the canine. The canals were enlarged and cleaned and the main canal was filled with Calcium Hydroxide to allow the root development. Seven months later, the patient was asymptomatic and the tooth was obturated with guttapercha. One year later it was confirm the success in the treatment.

  19. Proliferative histiocytic disorders of canine skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, D J

    1997-06-01

    Proliferative histiocytic disorders of canine skin present a clinical spectrum from the innocuous self-limiting solitary dermal lesion of cutaneous histiocytoma, through the recurrent deep dermal nodules of cutaneous histiocytosis to the generally fatal condition of Bernese Mountain Dogs termed systemic histiocytosis, in which visceral involvement is commonly encountered. Immunocytochemical characterization of the constituent histiocytic cells and accompanying lymphoid infiltrate using canine species specific reagents has elucidated considerably the mechanism by which these conditions exhibit their various biologic behaviours.

  20. Canine babesiosis: from molecular taxonomy to control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwin Peter J

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Canine babesiosis is a clinically significant emerging vector-borne disease caused by protozoan haemoparasites. This review article considers recent literature pertaining to the taxonomic classification of Babesia and Theileria species affecting dogs and the geographical distribution of these parasites. The diagnosis of canine babesiosis by traditional, molecular and serological methods is reviewed, together with recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of piroplasmosis, and of the treatment and prevention of this disease.

  1. Establishment and Characterization of a New Cell Line of Canine Inflammatory Mammary Cancer: IPC-366

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Caceres; Laura Peña; de Andres, Paloma J.; Maria J Illera; Mirtha S Lopez; Woodward, Wendy A; Reuben, James M.; Illera, Juan C.

    2015-01-01

    Canine inflammatory mammary cancer (IMC) shares epidemiologic, histopathological and clinical characteristics with the disease in humans and has been proposed as a natural model for human inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). The aim of this study was to characterize a new cell line from IMC (IPC-366) for the comparative study of both IMC and IBC. Tumors cells from a female dog with clinical IMC were collected. The cells were grown under adherent conditions. The growth, cytological, ultrastructur...

  2. 经闭孔无张力吊带尿道中段悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁38例临床分析%Treatment for female stress urinary incontinence with tension-free vaginal tape obturator procedure: clinical analysis of 38 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓红; 曹冬; 蒋励; 王建六; 王世军; 魏丽惠

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨经闭孔无张力尿道中段悬吊术(TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床效果及并发症.方法 对36例单纯压力性尿失禁(轻度16例,中度18例,重度2例)和2例混合性尿失禁患者行TVT-O治疗.记录手术时间和出血情况,并对术后效果进行随访,观察其疗效及并发症情况.结果 患者平均年龄56.4岁,手术时间30-50 min,平均为38.3 min;术中出血量少.无膀胱及尿道损伤,无静脉损伤(血肿或流血),无神经并发症.术后4例(10.5%)患者尿潴留,其中3例保留尿管10~14 d后拔出尿管,再测残余尿<100 ml,1例保留尿管至术后9 d仍排尿困难,局部麻醉下调整吊带位置位于尿道中段后即可自行排尿通畅.34例患者随诊2~29个月,平均12.7个月,27例(71.1%)患者主观完全治愈;4例(10.5%)主观症状较术前改善,2例(5.3%)无效,1例混合性尿失禁患者术后压力性尿失禁症状治愈,但急迫性尿失禁症状无缓解.结论 TVT-O具有微创、安全、有效的特点,术中不需常规行膀胱镜检查,无术后并发症,但手术的长期效果有待长期随访和观察.%Objective To determine the effectiveness and complications of tension-free vaginal tape obturator procedure(TVT-O)as a new surgical treatment method for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods TVT-O was undergone for 36 female patients with established SUI(including 16 mild cases,18 moderate cases and two severe cases)and two cases with mixed urinary incontinence(MUI).Operation time and intra-operation bleeding in the patients were analyzed.The patients were followed-up to observe the effectiveness and complications of this new procedure.Results Age of the 38 patients undergone with this procedure averaged 56.4 years,with a mean operation time of 38.3 minutes,ranging from 30 to 50 minutes.Patients were followed up for two to 29 months(averaging 12.7 months),with four cases lost to follow-up.No bladder or urethral injuries,and no vascular

  3. Age estimation from canine volumes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Angelis, Danilo; Gaudio, Daniel; Guercini, Nicola; Cipriani, Filippo; Gibelli, Daniele; Caputi, Sergio; Cattaneo, Cristina

    2015-08-01

    Techniques for estimation of biological age are constantly evolving and are finding daily application in the forensic radiology field in cases concerning the estimation of the chronological age of a corpse in order to reconstruct the biological profile, or of a living subject, for example in cases of immigration of people without identity papers from a civil registry. The deposition of teeth secondary dentine and consequent decrease of pulp chamber in size are well known as aging phenomena, and they have been applied to the forensic context by the development of age estimation procedures, such as Kvaal-Solheim and Cameriere methods. The present study takes into consideration canines pulp chamber volume related to the entire teeth volume, with the aim of proposing new regression formulae for age estimation using 91 cone beam computerized scans and a freeware open-source software, in order to permit affordable reproducibility of volumes calculation.

  4. CANINE: a robotic mine dog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stancil, Brian A.; Hyams, Jeffrey; Shelley, Jordan; Babu, Kartik; Badino, Hernán.; Bansal, Aayush; Huber, Daniel; Batavia, Parag

    2013-01-01

    Neya Systems, LLC competed in the CANINE program sponsored by the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) which culminated in a competition held at Fort Benning as part of the 2012 Robotics Rodeo. As part of this program, we developed a robot with the capability to learn and recognize the appearance of target objects, conduct an area search amid distractor objects and obstacles, and relocate the target object in the same way that Mine dogs and Sentry dogs are used within military contexts for exploration and threat detection. Neya teamed with the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University to develop vision-based solutions for probabilistic target learning and recognition. In addition, we used a Mission Planning and Management System (MPMS) to orchestrate complex search and retrieval tasks using a general set of modular autonomous services relating to robot mobility, perception and grasping.

  5. Despre babesioza canină

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Nanu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this bibliographic essay, addressed both to veterinary clinicians and researchers, is to bring to mind the disease in terms of etiology, clinical manifestations and therapeutic and prophylactic management, as well as to remind the issues arising from recent researches. Depending on the virulence of the parasite species, body's immune response and therapeutic management approached, the plateau of disease evolution can be quite wide - from a favorable prognosis to a lethal outcome of the animal. The complexity of the pathogenic mechanism in babesiosis is due to soluble parasite antigens (SPA which, according to recent studies, have been obtained in vitro and then used as immunological product in disease prevention. Producing a vaccine against canine babesiosis with parasite antigens of local strains could play an important role to prevent the clinical expression of this disease in Romania.

  6. Biomarkers in canine parvovirus enteritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeman, J P; Goddard, A; Leisewitz, A L

    2013-07-01

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis has, since its emergence in 1978, remained a common and important cause of morbidity and mortality in young dogs. The continued incidence of parvoviral enteritis is partly due to the virus' capability to evolve into more virulent and resistant variants with significant local gastrointestinal and systemic inflammatory sequelae. This paper reviews current knowledge on historical-, signalment-, and clinical factors as well as several haematological-, biochemical- and endocrine parameters that can be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in CPV enteritis. These factors include season of presentation, purebred nature, bodyweight, vomiting, leukopaenia, lymphopaenia, thrombocytopaenia, hypercoagulability, hypercortisolaemia, hypothyroxinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, elevated C-reactive protein and tumour necrosis factor, hypocholesterolaemia and hypocitrullinaemia. Factors contributing to the manifestations of CPV infection are multiple with elements of host, pathogen, secondary infections, underlying stressors and environment affecting severity and outcome. The availability of several prognosticators has made identification of patients at high risk of death and their subsequent targeted management more rewarding.

  7. The long-term curative effect analysis of TVT procedure and TVT-O procedure in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence%TVT与TVT-O对女性压力性尿失禁长期疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树根; 欧阳骏

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveTo compare the long-term curative effect of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure and tension-free vagonl tape obturator (TVT-O) procedure in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).MethodFrom January 2006 to January 2009, 146 cases of female SUI patients were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into two groups, observation group patients accept TVT-O, control group patients accept TVT, compared the clinical cure rate and complications between the two groups after long-term follow-up.ResultThe 5 years or more subjective cure rate in observation group was signiifcantly higher than control group (P<0.05). After 5 years and beyond, the quality of life score of observation group signiifcantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). The overall incidence of complications in observation group was signiifcantly lower than control group (P<0.05).Conclusion TVT-O in the treatment of female SUI has good long-term cure rate, the total incidence of complications is low, suitable for clinical application.%目的:比较经阴道无张力尿道中段吊带术(tension-free vaginal tape,TVT)与经闭孔无张力尿道中段吊带术(tension-free vagonl tape obturator,TVT-O)治疗女性压力性尿失禁(stress urinary incontinence,SUI)的长期临床疗效。方法将2006年1月至2009年1月本院收治的146例女性SUI患者随机分为两组,观察组患者行TVT-O治疗,对照组患者行TVT治疗。比较两组患者的长期临床疗效及并发症发生情况等。结果观察组患者≥5年的主观治愈率显著高于对照组(P<0.05);术后5年及以后,观察组患者生存质量(QOL)评分显著高于对照组(P<0.05);观察组患者并发症总发生率显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论 TVT-O治疗女性SUI具有较好的长期治愈率,并发症总发生率低,适于临床推广。

  8. Female genital circumcision/mutilation: implications for female urogynaecological health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teufel, Katharina; Dörfler, Daniela Marianne

    2013-12-01

    "Female genital circumcision" or "female genital mutilation", as it is called more often, is an operation that is primarily carried out in Africa. Owing to migration, physicians are increasingly confronted with this issue in Western countries as well. A range of negative effects may result from this operation and this article aims to address consequences for female pelvic health. Special emphasis is placed on urogynaecological health consequences; in particular, on "voiding difficulties", "recurrent urinary tract infections" and "vesicovaginal fistula". All of these occur mostly in infibulated women, i.e. in women whose genitalia are sealed by the most severe form of circumcision. Some of the problems that may emerge as a result of the operation can be resolved by defibulation (i.e. surgical reopening of the sealed vulva). Female genital circumcision is a sensitive topic even in the area of research and reliable data are therefore scarce.

  9. Platelets Inhibit Migration of Canine Osteosarcoma Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulla, S C; Badial, P R; Silva, R C; Lunsford, K; Bulla, C

    2017-01-01

    The interaction between platelets and tumour cells is important for tumour growth and metastasis. Thrombocytopenia or antiplatelet treatment negatively impact on cancer metastasis, demonstrating potentially important roles for platelets in tumour progression. To our knowledge, there is no information regarding the role of platelets in cancer progression in dogs. This study was designed to test whether canine platelets affected the migratory behaviour of three canine osteosarcoma cell lines and to give insights of molecular mechanisms. Intact platelets, platelet lysate and platelet releasate inhibited the migration of canine osteosarcoma cell lines. Addition of blood leucocytes to the platelet samples did not alter the inhibitory effect on migration. Platelet treatment also significantly downregulated the transcriptional levels of SNAI2 and TWIST1 genes. The interaction between canine platelets or molecules released during platelet activation and these tumour cell lines inhibits their migration, which suggests that canine platelets might antagonize metastasis of canine osteosarcoma. This effect is probably due to, at least in part, downregulation of genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  10. Canine cytogenetics--from band to basepair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, M

    2008-01-01

    Humans and dogs have coexisted for thousands of years, during which time we have developed a unique bond, centered on companionship. Along the way, we have developed purebred dog breeds in a manner that has resulted unfortunately in many of them being affected by serious genetic disorders, including cancers. With serendipity and irony the unique genetic architecture of the 21st century genome of Man's best friend may ultimately provide many of the keys to unlock some of nature's most intriguing biological puzzles. Canine cytogenetics has advanced significantly over the past 10 years, spurred on largely by the surge of interest in the dog as a biomedical model for genetic disease and the availability of advanced genomics resources. As such the role of canine cytogenetics has moved rapidly from one that served initially to define the gross genomic organization of the canine genome and provide a reliable means to determine the chromosomal location of individual genes, to one that enabled the assembled sequence of the canine genome to be anchored to the karyotype. Canine cytogenetics now presents the biomedical research community with a means to assist in our search for a greater understanding of how genome architectures altered during speciation and in our search for genes associated with cancers that affect both dogs and humans. The cytogenetics 'toolbox' for the dog is now loaded. This review aims to provide a summary of some of the recent advancements in canine cytogenetics.

  11. A new method for rapid Canine retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    "Khavari A

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Distraction osteogenesis method (Do in bone lengthening and rapid midpalatal expansion have shown the great ability of osteognic tissues for rapid bone formation under distraction force and special protocol with optimum rate of one millimeter per day. Periodontal membrane of teeth (PDM is the extension of periostium in the alveolar socked. Orthodontic force distracts PDM fibers in the tension side and then bone formation will begin.Objects: Rapid retraction of canine tooth into extraction space of first premolar by DO protocol in order to show the ability of the PDM in rapid bone formation. The other objective was reducing total orthodontic treatment time of extraction cases.Patients and Methods: Tweleve maxillary canines in six patients were retracted rapidly in three weeks by a custom-made tooth-born appliance. Radiographic records were taken to evaluate the effects of heavy applied force on canine and anchorage teeth.Results: Average retraction was 7.05 mm in three weeks (2.35 mm/week. Canines rotated distal- in by mean 3.5 degrees.Anchorage loss was from 0 to 0.8 mm with average of 0.3 mm.Root resorption of canines was negligible, and was not significant clinically. Periodontium was normal after rapid retraction. No hazard for pulp vitality was observed.Discussion: PDM responded well to heavy distraction force by Do protocol. Rapid canine retraction seems to be a safe method and can considerabely reduce orthodontic time.

  12. Clinical and Statistical Study on Canine Impaction

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    Adina-Simona Coșarcă

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to perform a clinical and statistical research on permanent impacted canine patients among those with dental impaction referred to and treated at the Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery Clinic of Tîrgu Mureș, over a four years period (2009-2012. Materials and methods: The study included 858 patients having dental impaction, and upon clinical records, different parameters, like frequency, gender, age, quadrant involvement, patient residence, associated complications, referring specialist and type of treatment, related to canine impaction, were assessed. Results: The study revealed: about 10% frequency of canine impaction among dental impactions; more frequent in women, in the first quadrant (tooth 13; most cases diagnosed between the age of 10-19 years; patients under 20 were referred by an orthodontist, those over 20 by a dentist; surgical exposure was more often performed than odontectomy. Conclusions: Canine impaction is the second-most frequent dental impaction in dental arch after third molars; it occurs especially in women. Due to its important role, canine recovery within dental arch is a goal to be achieved, whenever possible. Therefore, diagnose and treatment of canine impaction requires an interdisciplinary approach (surgical and orthodontic

  13. [Urinary calculi and infection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinchieri, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Infection urinary stones resulting from urease-producing bacteria are composed by struvite and/or carbonate apatite. Bacterial urease splits urea and promotes the formation of ammonia and carbon dioxide leading to urine alkalinization and formation of phosphate salts. Proteus species are urease-producers, whereas a limited number of strains of other Gram negative and positive species may produce urease. Ureaplasma urealyticum and Corynebacterium urealyticum are urease-producers that are not isolated by conventional urine cultures, but require specific tests for identification. Primary treatment requires surgical removal of stones as complete as possible. Extracorporeal and endoscopic treatments are usually preferred, while open surgery is actually limited to few selected cases. Residual stones or fragments should be treated by chemolysis via ureteral catheter or nephrostomy or administration of citrate salts in order to achieve a stone-free renal unit. Postoperatively, recurrent urinary tract infection should be treated with appropriate antibiotic treatment although long-term antibiotic prophylaxis can cause resistance. Urinary acidification has been proposed for the prophylaxis of infection stones, but long-term acidification is difficult to achieve in urine infected by urease-producing bacteria. Urease inhibitors lead to prevention and/or dissolution of stones and encrustations in patients with infection by urea-splitting bacteria, but their use is limited by their toxicity. The administration of citrate salts involves an increase of the value of nucleation pH (pHn), that is the pH value at which calcium and magnesium phosphate crystallization occurs, in a greater way than the corresponding increase in the urinary pH due to its alkalinizing effect and resulting in a reduction of the risk of struvite crystallization. In conclusion prevention of the recurrence of infection stones can be achieved by an integrated approach tailored on the single patient. Complete

  14. 9 CFR 113.202 - Canine Hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine, Killed Virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. Only Master Seed Virus which has been... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Canine Hepatitis and Canine Adenovirus Type 2 Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.202 Section 113.202 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT...

  15. Interplay between Bladder Microbiota and Urinary Antimicrobial Peptides: Mechanisms for Human Urinary Tract Infection Risk and Symptom Severity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhouse, Vanessa; Gao, Xiang; Dong, Qunfeng; Nelson, David E.; Toh, Evelyn; McKinley, Kathleen; Schreckenberger, Paul; Shibata, Noriko; Fok, Cynthia S.; Mueller, Elizabeth R.; Brubaker, Linda; Wolfe, Alan J.; Radek, Katherine A.

    2014-01-01

    Resident bacterial communities (microbiota) and host antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are both essential components of normal host innate immune responses that limit infection and pathogen induced inflammation. However, their interdependence has not been investigated in the context of urinary tract infection (UTI) susceptibility. Here, we explored the interrelationship between the urinary microbiota and host AMP responses as mechanisms for UTI risk. Using prospectively collected day of surgery (DOS) urine specimens from female pelvic floor surgery participants, we report that the relative abundance and/or frequency of specific urinary microbiota distinguished between participants who did or did not develop a post-operative UTI. Furthermore, UTI risk significantly correlated with both specific urinary microbiota and β-defensin AMP levels. Finally, urinary AMP hydrophobicity and protease activity were greater in participants who developed UTI, and correlated positively with both UTI risk and pelvic floor symptoms. These data demonstrate an interdependency between the urinary microbiota, AMP responses and symptoms, and identify a potential mechanism for UTI risk. Assessment of bacterial microbiota and host innate immune AMP responses in parallel may identify increased risk of UTI in certain populations. PMID:25486068

  16. Interplay between bladder microbiota and urinary antimicrobial peptides: mechanisms for human urinary tract infection risk and symptom severity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhouse, Vanessa; Gao, Xiang; Dong, Qunfeng; Nelson, David E; Toh, Evelyn; McKinley, Kathleen; Schreckenberger, Paul; Shibata, Noriko; Fok, Cynthia S; Mueller, Elizabeth R; Brubaker, Linda; Wolfe, Alan J; Radek, Katherine A

    2014-01-01

    Resident bacterial communities (microbiota) and host antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are both essential components of normal host innate immune responses that limit infection and pathogen induced inflammation. However, their interdependence has not been investigated in the context of urinary tract infection (UTI) susceptibility. Here, we explored the interrelationship between the urinary microbiota and host AMP responses as mechanisms for UTI risk. Using prospectively collected day of surgery (DOS) urine specimens from female pelvic floor surgery participants, we report that the relative abundance and/or frequency of specific urinary microbiota distinguished between participants who did or did not develop a post-operative UTI. Furthermore, UTI risk significantly correlated with both specific urinary microbiota and β-defensin AMP levels. Finally, urinary AMP hydrophobicity and protease activity were greater in participants who developed UTI, and correlated positively with both UTI risk and pelvic floor symptoms. These data demonstrate an interdependency between the urinary microbiota, AMP responses and symptoms, and identify a potential mechanism for UTI risk. Assessment of bacterial microbiota and host innate immune AMP responses in parallel may identify increased risk of UTI in certain populations.

  17. Neonatal Staphylococcus lugdunensis urinary tract infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayakawa, Itaru; Hataya, Hiroshi; Yamanouchi, Hanako; Sakakibara, Hiroshi; Terakawa, Toshiro

    2015-08-01

    Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a known pathogen of infective endocarditis, but not of urinary tract infection. We report a previously healthy neonate without congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract who developed urinary tract infection due to Staphylococcus lugdunensis, illustrating that Staphylococcus lugdunensis can cause urinary tract infection even in those with no urinary tract complications.

  18. Urinary stone disease in Kano, North Western Nigeria

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    S A Aji

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Urinary stone disease is the third most common affliction of the urinary tract after urinary tract infection and pathologic conditions of the prostate. Although the disease is commoner in the developed countries, the incidence is also increasing in the developing countries. In this study, we sought to determine the pattern and treatment given for patients with urinary stones in our institution. Patients and Method: A 5 year retrospective study of patients treated for urolithiasis was conducted in a Teaching Hospital in North-western Nigeria. The age, sex, clinical presentations, investigations and treatment offered to the patients were reviewed. Results: A total of seventy six patients were treated for urinary stones during the study period. 58(76.3% were males and 18(23.7% females. Majority of patients 39(51.3% presented with loin pain as the main presenting symptom. The diagnosis of stones was by plain abdominal Xray(KUB in 68 patients and abdominal ultrasound scan in 46 cases. Urine culture was positive in 27 patients with E. coli as the predominant organism. All had normal serum calcium, phosphate and uric acid. 56(73.7% patients had stones in the upper urinary tract and 20 (26.3% in the lower urinary tract. Thirty four (44.7% patients were found to have predisposing factors. Most of the patients 50(65.7% were treated by open surgery and 26(34.2% by endoscopic removal/lithotripsy. Conclusion: Urinary stone disease is common in this environment. Majority of the stones are radio-opaque on plain xrays. Significant number of patients had a predisposing factor and majority of the stones were found in the upper tract. Most of the patients were treated by open surgery while a significant number were treated with endoscopic removal/lithotripsy.

  19. 两种手术方法治疗女性压力性尿失禁伴阴道前壁膨出的疗效比较%Comparison of the efficacy of two surgery methods on female stress urinary incontinence with anterior vaginal prolapse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于洪波; 沈华; 吴宏飞; 周鹤同; 廖凯; 张斌; 林建中; 李久明

    2012-01-01

    目的:比较经闭孔无张力阴道吊带术(TVT-O)和TVT-O加阴道前壁修补术两种手术方法治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)合并阴道前壁膨出的疗效.方法:86例SUI合并阴道前壁膨出患者,随机分为TVT-O手术组(40例)和TVT-O加阴道前壁修补手术组(46例).术后随访时间6~36个月,按照阴道前壁膨出分度分别进行疗效判定.采用PASW 18.0统计软件分析.结果:TVT-O治疗组的SUI治愈率为52.5%,TVT-O加阴道前壁修补组治愈率为93.5%,两种手术方法疗效差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).合并Ⅰ度阴道前壁膨出者,做或不做阴道前壁修补,疗效差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);合并Ⅱ~Ⅲ度阴道前壁膨出者,TVT-O加阴道前壁修补组效果显著优于单纯TVT-O治疗组(P<0.05).结论:对于SUI合并Ⅱ度以上阴道前壁膨出者,单纯TVT-O治疗效果欠佳,应同时行阴道前壁修补术.%Objective: To comparison the efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape-obturator(TVT-O) and TVT-O with anterior vaginal repair on treating female stress urinary incontinence with anterior vaginal prolapse. Method: Eighty-six patients diagnosed as stress urinary incontinence with anterior vaginal prolapse were randomly divided into two groups. 40 cases were treated with TVT-O,and another 46 cases were treated with TVT-O and anterior vaginal repair. Follow-up time after operation ranged from 6 to 36 months,and the curative effects were assessed according to the degree of anterior vaginal prolapse. PASW 18. 0 was used for statistical analysis. Result:The cure rate of TVT-O and TVT-O with anterior vaginal repair on SUI was 52. 5% and 93. 5% .respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups(P0. 05). While in patients with H ° to ffl° anterior vaginal prolapse, the efficacy of TVT-O with anterior vaginal repair was significantly superior than simple TVT-O ( P<0. 05 ). Conclusion: The therapeutic efficacy of simple TVT-O was below the mark for patients

  20. Comparative studies of canine colipase and lipases from bovine, porcine, canine, human and rat pancreases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, P C

    1978-01-01

    1. Colipase was purified from canine pancreatic juice and found to have certain specificity in its reaction with various pancreatic lipases. 2. This colipase will stimulate the lipolytic activities of lipases isolated from canine, bovine and porcine pancreas but not lipases from a fungus, or from human and rat pancreases. 3. Characterization of these lipases showed (a) the molecular dimension of rat lipase is very different from the other lipases; (b) the pIs of canine, porcine and bovine lipases are almost identical but different from the pIs of rat, human and Candida (a fungus) lipases; and (c) the antiserum prepared against canine lipase will also react with lipases from human, hog and cow pancreases but not with rat and Candida lipases. 4. These physical differences can explain partly the difference in reaction between the various lipases and the canine colipase.

  1. Three-dimensional canine loop for management of buccally erupted canines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen Mehrotra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary canines are known as the cornerstones of mouth. They are considered to be important for esthetics and for functional occlusion. Any disturbance in the eruption process leading to an aberrant position will hamper esthetics as well as function. Orthodontic tooth movement of total buccally blocked-out canine is usually difficult as it is related with the problems of severe crowding, midline deviation, involvement of long root movement and risk of gingival recession. Such conditions can be treated orthodontically in various ways, but this clinical innovation helps to correct the buccally placed canines into the arch with a precise control of the canine in all the Three-dimensions (3D of space as well as providing maximum comfort to the patient by placing the canine loop on the palatal surface of the tooth, reducing soreness on the labial mucosa. It can be easily fabricated and activated at chairside for either simultaneous or sequential control in 3D.

  2. The exocyst and regulatory GTPases in urinary exosomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chacon-Heszele, Maria F; Choi, Soo Young; Zuo, Xiaofeng; Baek, Jeong-In; Ward, Chris; Lipschutz, Joshua H

    2014-08-01

    Cilia, organelles that function as cellular antennae, are central to the pathogenesis of "ciliopathies", including various forms of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). To date, however, the molecular mechanisms controlling ciliogenesis and ciliary function remain incompletely understood. A recently proposed model of cell-cell communication, called "urocrine signaling", hypothesizes that a subset of membrane bound vesicles that are secreted into the urinary stream (termed exosome-like vesicles, or ELVs), carry cilia-specific proteins as cargo, interact with primary cilia, and affect downstream cellular functions. This study was undertaken to determine the role of the exocyst, a highly conserved eight-protein trafficking complex, in the secretion and/or retrieval of ELVs. We used Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells expressing either Sec10-myc (a central component of the exocyst complex) or Smoothened-YFP (a ciliary protein found in ELVs) in experiments utilizing electron gold microscopy and live fluorescent microscopy, respectively. Additionally, human urinary exosomes were isolated via ultracentrifugation and subjected to mass-spectrometry-based proteomics analysis to determine the composition of ELVs. We found, as determined by EM, that the exocyst localizes to primary cilia, and is present in vesicles attached to the cilium. Furthermore, the entire exocyst complex, as well as most of its known regulatory GTPases, are present in human urinary ELVs. Finally, in living MDCK cells, ELVs appear to interact with primary cilia using spinning disc confocal microscopy. These data suggest that the exocyst complex, in addition to its role in ciliogenesis, is centrally involved in the secretion and/or retrieval of urinary ELVs.

  3. Antiproliferative effect of berberine on canine mammary gland cancer cell culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefidabi, Reyhaneh; Mortazavi, Pejman; Hosseini, Saeed

    2017-01-01

    Canine mammary gland tumors are the most frequent cause of cancer in female dogs. Numerous studies using cancer cell lines and clinical trials have indicated that various natural products and antioxidants reduce or possibly prevent the development of cancer. Berberine (BBR), the most important alkaloid in the Berberidaceae, which exerts a wide range of pharmacological and biochemical effects, has drawn much attention due to its particularly high antitumor activity in vitro and in animal studies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative effect of BBR against a canine mammary gland carcinoma cell line (CF41.Mg) in vitro. CF41.Mg cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium containing 10% heat inactived fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 100 mg/ml peniciline-streptomycin. Subsequently the cells were treated with different concentrations of BBR chloride (10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 µM) at a density of 12,000 cells/well in 96-well plates. Following treatment, the MTT assay was used to detect cell viability after 24-, 48- and 72-h incubations at 37°C with 5% CO2. The results indicated that BBR inhibited proliferation of canine mammary gland carcinoma cells, as treatment with 100 µM BBR for 24 h resulted in a significant decrease in cell viability (Pcancer cell death, it is proposed that BBR may serve as a candidate agent against canine mammary tumor cells via its antiproliferative activity.

  4. Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome and stress urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aniuliene, R; Aniulis, P

    2015-11-01

    Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a disorder of development of the female genital tract, characterized by the absence of the upper portion of the vagina, an absent or hypoplastic uterus, and normal or hypoplastic fallopian tubes. Affected women may have associated urological or skeletal abnormalities. Case report. A 19-year-old female with MRKH syndrome, female genotype and phenotype, primary amenorrhoea and stress urinary incontinence was admitted to the outpatient department of the university hospital. The patient underwent tension free vaginal obturator tape (TVT-O) surgery for stress urinary incontinence. The patient's objective self-evaluation of the efficacy of treatment after 6 months was 60%. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. De novo reconstitution of a functional mammalian urinary bladder by tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberpenning, F; Meng, J; Yoo, J J; Atala, A

    1999-02-01

    Human organ replacement is limited by a donor shortage, problems with tissue compatibility, and rejection. Creation of an organ with autologous tissue would be advantageous. In this study, transplantable urinary bladder neo-organs were reproducibly created in vitro from urothelial and smooth muscle cells grown in culture from canine native bladder biopsies and seeded onto preformed bladder-shaped polymers. The native bladders were subsequently excised from canine donors and replaced with the tissue-engineered neo-organs. In functional evaluations for up to 11 months, the bladder neo-organs demonstrated a normal capacity to retain urine, normal elastic properties, and histologic architecture. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that successful reconstitution of an autonomous hollow organ is possible using tissue-engineering methods.

  6. 尿道中段悬吊术治疗压力性尿失禁的疗效及安全性分析%Efficacy and safety analyses of tension-free vaginal tape in therapy of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞飞; 周峰; 陈卫国; 李纲

    2015-01-01

    [Abstract ] Objective The tension-free vaginal tape is the main method for treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect and safety of tension-free vaginal tape ( TVT) and tension-free vaginal tape-obtu-rater ( TVT-O) for female stress urinary incontinence and to sum up the experiences . Methods Clinical data of 142 patients who re-ceived anti-incontinence surgery ( TVT/TVT-O ) between January 2011 and May 2014 were retrospectively analyzed , 111 cases re-ceived TVT and 31 cases received TVT-O.The effect and the complication were analyzed at least 6 months post surgery .Incontinence quality of life ( I-QOL) and organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual function questionnaire ( P-ISQ) were used to observe the sub-jective symptoms .One hour pad test value was used to assesse the objective response . Results The effective rate post-TVT/TVT-O was 88.03%, and the cure rate was 95.07%6 months post surgery.In the group of TVT, I-QOL and P-ISQ score were 52.1 ±16.8 and 60.1 ±36.5 at time of pre-operation, and they were 92.1 ±17.1 and 62.2 ±37.8 at time of post-operation, respectively.In the group of TVT-O, they were 61.2 ±15.8 and 57.1 ±36.8 at time of pre-operation, and they were 91.3 ±20.1 and 62.1 ±35.9 at time of post-operation, respectively.Compared with pre-operation, I-QOL and P-ISQ score were obviously rised at time of post-operation ( P<0.05 ). The total incidence rate of surgery complication was 21.83%.And,in proper was urinary tract infection (16.9%),OAB (14.08%), bladder injury(11.26%), retention of urine(7.74%), nerve pain(2.81%), retropubic hematoma(1.41%), urethral injury(1.41%).All patients′surgeries were successful except three cases.One patient was cured after reoperation .The other two was improved with dislodge sling urinary incontinence . Conclusion TVT/TVT-O was a highly effective and safe method in the treatment of SUI .But we should not ignore the complications;the timely and

  7. 经阴道耻骨上自体筋膜膀胱颈吊带术治疗女性Ⅲ型压力性尿失禁%Pubvaginal fascia sling cystourethropexy treat of type Ⅲ female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗光恒; 刘军; 孙兆林; 沈宏

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨经阴道耻骨上自体筋膜膀胱颈吊带术(PV sling)治疗女性Ⅲ型压力性尿失禁(SUI)的疗效.方法 女性Ⅲ型SUI患者9例,其中TVT术后无效3例,先天性尿道括约肌发育不良2例,骨盆骨折致尿道括约肌受损1例,初诊Ⅲ型SUI 3例.9例均接受PV sling手术.选用自体梭形腹直肌筋膜条,调整固定线张力,使筋膜条对膀胱颈保持恰当的悬吊挤压力.术后行1 h尿垫试验和膀胱残余尿测定,术后3个月行最大尿流率(Qmax)、最大尿道闭合压(MUCP)和腹腔漏尿点压(ALPP)测定,评估疗效.结果 9例手术时间平均75(60~90)min,术中出血量平均76(60~100)ml.术中发生膀胱穿孔2例,术后切口感染1例,经引流换药后治愈.术后5 d拔除尿管,排尿良好4例;出现尿潴留1例,经间歇导尿12 d后恢复自主排尿.8例随访3~28个月,外伤后尿失禁1例术后1个月复发,完全控尿7例.1 h尿垫实验由术前平均58(45~75)g降至1.1(0~2)g;平均残余尿<65(0~80)ml.6例术前Qmax、MUCP和ALPP分别为(10.5±2.7)ml/s,(1 5.5±3.4)cmH2O和(40.4±8.2)cm H2O,术后3个月分别为(26.5±3.9)ml/s,(49.8±6.7)cm H 2O和(98.6±12.2)cm H2O,手术前后比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 经阴道耻骨上自体筋膜膀胱颈吊带术治疗女性Ⅲ型压力性尿失禁安全有效.%Objective To assess the pubvaginal fascia sling cystourethropexy (PV sling) technique and outcomes of the treatment of female type Ⅲ stress urinary incontinence. Methods From October 2005 to January 2008, 9 women presenting with type Ⅲ stress urinary incontinence were treated with Pubvaginal fascia sling cystourethropexy. All the patients underwent 1 h pad test before discharge and were tested with maximum uroflow rate, volume of postal residual urine, maximum urethral close pressure (MUCP) and abdominal leak point pressure (ALPP) after 3 months. Results The operative time ranged from 60 to 90 min (mean, 75 min). Estimated blood loss ranged from

  8. Sexual Dimorphism in Human Mandibular Canine Teeth: A Radiomorphometric Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K S Nagesh

    2011-01-01

    Conclusion: The present study establishes a statistically significant sexual dimorphism in mandibular canines- It can be concluded that the standard mandibular canine index is a quick and easy method for sex determination.

  9. Complications of misdiagnosis of maxillary canine ectopic eruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garib, Daniela Gamba; Janson, Guilherme; Baldo, Taiana de Oliveira; dos Santos, Patrícia Bittencourt Dutra

    2012-08-01

    Ectopic eruption of maxillary canines can be associated with root resorption of adjacent teeth. This case report describes and discusses an interesting case of a 15-year-old girl with a Class III malocclusion and an impacted maxillary canine. Because of the unfavorable position of the ectopic canine and the severe root resorption of the maxillary left central and lateral incisors, the treatment options included extraction of the maxillary permanent canines. The mandibular first premolars were extracted to compensate for the Class III malocclusion. A panoramic radiograph taken earlier in the mixed dentition already indicated a possible eruption disturbance of the maxillary left permanent canine. The importance of early diagnosis of maxillary canine ectopic eruption is highlighted in this case report. The early identification of radiographic signs of an ectopic pathway of eruption should be followed by deciduous canine extraction to prevent canine retention and maxillary incisor root resorption.

  10. Serological detection of infection with canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus in communal dogs from Zimbabwe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRee, Anna; Wilkes, Rebecca P; Dawson, Jessica; Parry, Roger; Foggin, Chris; Adams, Hayley; Odoi, Agricola; Kennedy, Melissa A

    2014-09-05

    Domestic dogs are common amongst communities in sub-Saharan Africa and may serve as important reservoirs for infectious agents that may cause diseases in wildlife. Two agents of concern are canine parvovirus (CPV) and canine distemper virus (CDV), which may infect and cause disease in large carnivore species such as African wild dogs and African lions, respectively. The impact of domestic dogs and their diseases on wildlife conservation is increasing in Zimbabwe, necessitating thorough assessment and implementation of control measures. In this study, domestic dogs in north-western Zimbabwe were evaluated for antibodies to CDV, CPV, and canine adenovirus (CAV). These dogs were communal and had no vaccination history. Two hundred and twenty-five blood samples were collected and tested using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for antibodies to CPV, CDV, and CAV. Of these dogs, 75 (34%) had detectable antibodies to CDV, whilst 191 (84%) had antibodies to CPV. Antibodies to canine adenovirus were present in 28 (13%) dogs. Canine parvovirus had high prevalence in all six geographic areas tested. These results indicate that CPV is circulating widely amongst domestic dogs in the region. In addition, CDV is present at high levels. Both pathogens can infect wildlife species. Efforts for conservation of large carnivores in Zimbabwe must address the role of domestic dogs in disease transmission.

  11. Serological detection of infection with canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus in communal dogs from Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna McRee

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Domestic dogs are common amongst communities in sub-Saharan Africa and may serve as important reservoirs for infectious agents that may cause diseases in wildlife. Two agents of concern are canine parvovirus (CPV and canine distemper virus (CDV, which may infect and cause disease in large carnivore species such as African wild dogs and African lions, respectively. The impact of domestic dogs and their diseases on wildlife conservation is increasing in Zimbabwe, necessitating thorough assessment and implementation of control measures. In this study, domestic dogs in north-western Zimbabwe were evaluated for antibodies to CDV, CPV, and canine adenovirus (CAV. These dogs were communal and had no vaccination history. Two hundred and twenty-five blood samples were collected and tested using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA for antibodies to CPV, CDV, and CAV. Of these dogs, 75 (34% had detectable antibodies to CDV, whilst 191 (84% had antibodies to CPV. Antibodies to canine adenovirus were present in 28 (13% dogs. Canine parvovirus had high prevalence in all six geographic areas tested. These results indicate that CPV is circulating widely amongst domestic dogs in the region. In addition, CDV is present at high levels. Both pathogens can infect wildlife species. Efforts for conservation of large carnivores in Zimbabwe must address the role of domestic dogs in disease transmission.

  12. Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Submit Button Frequently Asked Questions about Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir What is ... an incision above the pubis. What is a urinary tract infection? A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection ...

  13. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND VECTOR IDENTIFICATION STUDIES ON CANINE BABESIOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. N. Bashir, Z. I. Chaudhry, S. Ahmed and M. A. Saeed

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Canine babesiosis is increasing in incidence and prevalence and is now a major problem in dogs. During this study, a total of 6204 dogs were examined for babesiosis over a 12 month period from January to December, 2006 in Lahore and 2.62% were found positive. The dogs were grouped on the basis of their age, sex and breed and season of the year. The male dogs were more prone to disease than female dogs (3.39 vs. 1.32%, whereas the incidence of disease was higher in younger dogs (6.9% than older age groups. Crossbreds were more prone to the infection (10.9% than purebreds. However, none of them were completely resistant. Warm and humid season played a key role in the spread of disease. Predominant vector of the disease was found to be Rhipicephalus species.

  14. Female circumcision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Daia, J M

    2000-10-01

    It is uncertain when female circumcision was first practiced, but it certainly preceded the founding of both Christianity and Islam. A review of past and current historical, popular and professional literature was undertaken, and 4 types of female circumcision were identified. Typically female circumcision is performed by a local village practitioner, lay person or by untrained midwives. Female genital mutilation is not accepted by any religious or medical opinion, and is a violation of human rights against helpless individuals who are unable to provide informed consent and who must therefore be protected through education and legislation. Complications of female circumcision can present after many years. Any medical practitioner (either for adult or pediatric) can be confronted with this issue of female circumcision, even in countries where this custom is not present, thus mandating the understanding of this complex issue.

  15. The position of maxillary canine impactions and the influenced factors to adjacent root resorption in the Korean population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yoojun; Hyun, Hong-Keun; Jang, Ki-Taeg

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the position and aspects of maxillary canine impactions in the Korean population and investigate its comparison with the previous reports, while aiding in the establishment of diagnosis and treatment planning by revealing the influential factors of root resorption associated with such impactions. The subjects of this study consisted of 186 teeth from 148 patients, who had visited Seoul National University Dental Hospital due to impacted canines and had taken computerized tomographic images and panorama radiographic images. As a result, maxillary canine impaction in the Korean population occurred 1.5 times more often in females (F:M = 89:59) than males. Regarding the position of impaction, there were three times more buccal impactions (B:P = 140:46) than palatal impactions. The occurrence of root resorption was as high as 49.5 per cent. In evaluating the influential factors affecting adjacent root resorption, the significance of the impacted angulation was insufficient (P = 0.652). However, the buccopalatal position (P resorption caused by impacted maxillary canines can be stated to exhibit a greater amount of resorption as the positional proximity of the canine crown and lateral incisor root increases.

  16. Booster effect of canine distemper, canine parvovirus infection and infectious canine hepatitis combination vaccine in domesticated adult dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taguchi, Masayuki; Namikawa, Kazuhiko; Maruo, Takuya; Orito, Kensuke; Lynch, Jonathan; Tsuchiya, Ryo; Sahara, Hiroeki

    2012-08-01

    Domesticated adult dogs with antibody titer classified as below 'high' to one or more of canine distemper virus (CDV), canine parvovirus type-2 (CPV-2) and canine adenovirus type-1 (CAdV-1) were then given an additional inoculation, and the effectiveness of this booster evaluated 2 months later. Consequently, CDV and CAdV-1 antibody titer experienced a significant increase, but the same effect was not observed in the antibody titer of CPV-2. These findings suggest that with additional inoculation, a booster effect may be expected in increasing antibody titers for CDV and CAdV-1, but it is unlikely to give an increase in CPV-2 antibody titer.

  17. Urinary incontinence: the basics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, K L; Steidle, C P; Letizia, T M

    1995-08-01

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is a widely prevalent problem that affects people of all ages and levels of physical health, both in healthcare settings and in the community. Contributing to the problem are that many practitioners remain uneducated about this condition, individuals are often too ashamed or embarrassed to seek professional help, and there are significant variations in diagnostic and treatment practices. Five types of UI are stress, urge, overflow, functional and manufactured incontinence. Stress, urge and overflow are caused by factors within the urinary tract and will be concentrated on in this article. To diagnose UI a three-part assessment should be conducted, including the patient history, physical examination, and urinalysis. A behavioral program should be designed which incorporates identification and education for both patient and clinician. Treatment options include pelvic floor exercises (Kegel), vaginal cones, bladder training (retraining), habit training (timed voiding), electrostimulation and biofeedback, clean intermittent catheterization, indwelling catheters, medications, collagen injections, surgery, and absorption products. Most patients can be helped dramatically or cured with the appropriate treatment.

  18. Urinary catheter related nosocomial infections in paediatric intensive care unit.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tullu M

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The present prospective study was carried out in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Mumbai. The objective was to determine the incidence, risk factors, mortality and organisms responsible for urinary catheter related infections (UCRI. Colonization and/or bacteriuria was labelled as urinary catheter related infection (UCRI. Forty-four patients with 51 urinary catheters were studied. Incidence of UCRI was 47.06%. Age, female sex and immunocompromised status did not increase the risk of UCRI. Duration of catheter in-situ and duration of stay in the PICU were associated with higher risk of UCRI. The mortality was not increased by UCRI. Commonest organism isolated in UCRI was E. coli, which had maximum susceptibility to nitrofurantoin and amikacin.

  19. Urinary markers in bladder cancer.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrooman, O.P.; Witjes, J.A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Many markers for the detection of bladder cancers have been tested. Almost all urinary markers reported are better than cytology with regard to sensitivity, but they score lower in specificity. The purpose of this review is to highlight the most important urinary biomarkers studied and

  20. The prevalence of urinary lithiasis in children in Van Region, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akgün, Cihangir; Kayan, Mustafa; Tuncer, Oğuz; Arslan, Sükrü; Caksen, Hüseyin; Ataş, Bülent; Akbayram, Sinan

    2009-09-01

    We aimed to determine the prevalence and etiology of urinary lithiasis in childhood in our region, Van, Turkey. A total of 1120 children were included in the study. Urinary ultrasonography was performed in all the children between April 2003 and June 2003. During the study, the kidneys were examined longitudinally and transversally using a 3.75 MHz convex probe in a Hitachi EUB -315 ultrasonography machine. The children's ages ranged from 7 years to 14 years (10.16 +/- 1.92 years) and 572 (51.1%) were males and 548 (48.9%) females. Urinary ultrasonography showed that 19 (1.7%) children had urinary lithiasis, which was in the right kidney in 15 children and in the left kidney in four children. Urinary lithiasis was in the upper urinary tract in all children. The etiological studies showed metabolic disorder in 14 children, and congenital renal anomaly in one child, but no underlying cause was diagnosed in four children. In conclusion, we found that was the prevalence of urinary lithiasis was 1.7% in school-aged children in our region. It was also noted that all urinary lithiasis was in the upper urinary system and its most common cause was metabolic disorder.

  1. TVT-O和TVT治疗单纯女性压力性尿失禁的远期疗效:立足随机对照试验的Meta分析(更新)%The long term cure rates and complications of TVT-O versus TVT for female stress urinary incontinence: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (updating)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱亚飞; 高国兰; 何林生; 刘丝荪; 陈庆科; 唐俊

    2011-01-01

    胱损伤的风险性减小,两术式远期成功率和其它并发症相似.%Objective;To update meta-analysis for evaluation of complications and cure rates of Trans-obturator vaginal tape from inside-out(TVT-0)as compared with tension-free vaginal tapes(TVT)in female stress urinary incontinence(SUI). Methods; A comprehensive literature search was conducted according to the cochrane. Collaboration methodology to identify randomized controlled clinical trials with no language restriction. Two authors (Zhu Yafei and He Linsheng) independently assessed papers for eligibility and methodological quality. Quality rating for each outcome of the meta-analysis and recommendations were performed by the Grad-ing of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Results; Twenty randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria, and a pooled estimate of cure rates and complications was made. Relative risks with 95% confidence intervals for pooled effects under the fixed effects model were:0.99 (0.95 ~ 1.02) for overall objective cure rate, 1.03 (0. 99 ~ 1. 07) for 1 -year objective cure rate, 0. 97 ( 0. 89 ~ 1. 06) for 2-year objective cure, 1.00 ( 0. 94 ~ 1. 07 ) for above 2 year objective cure rate, and 0. 98 (0. 93 ~ 1. 04) for subjective cure rate. For complications, pooled effects were: [2. 35 (1. 57 ~ 3. 51 ) ] with P< 0.01 for postoperative pain, [0. 37(0. 16 -0. 86) ] with P<0. 05 for haematoma, [ 1. 14(0. 78 - 1. 65) ] for urinary tract infection, [ 0. 90 (0. 48 ~ 1. 67 ) ] for tape erosion, [ 1. 60 ( 0. 67 -3. 79) ] for lower urinary tract symptoms, [ 0. 96 (0. 61 ~ 1. 49 ) ] for urinary retention , [ 0. 93 (0.59-1.44)] forrecatheterication, and[0. 20(0.09-0.45) ] withP<0.01 for bladder injury. Conclusions: TVT-0 is associated with a reduced risk of bladder injury and hematoma but an elevated risk of postoperative pain. Other complications, including tape erosion, urinary tract infection,lower urinary tract symptoms

  2. Post-operative urinary retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steggall, Martin; Treacy, Colm; Jones, Mark

    Urinary retention is a common complication of surgery and anaesthesia. The risk of post-operative urinary retention is increased following certain surgical procedures and anaesthetic modalities, and with patients' advancing age. Patients at increased risk of post-operative urinary retention should be identified before surgery or the condition should be identified and treated in a timely manner following surgery. If conservative measures do not help the patient to pass urine, the bladder will need to be drained using either an intermittent catheter or an indwelling urethral catheter, which can result in catheter-associated urinary tract infections. This article provides an overview of normal bladder function, risk factors for developing post-operative urinary retention, and treatment options. Guidance drawn from the literature aims to assist nurses in identifying at-risk patients and inform patient care.

  3. Urinary Tract Infections in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Taskesen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Urinary tract infections (UTI are frequent conditions in children. Untreated urinary tract infections can lead to serious kidney problems that could threaten the life of the child. Therefore, early detection and treatment of urinary tract infection is important. In older children, urinary tract infections may cause obvious symptoms such as stomach ache and disuria. In infants and young children, UTIs may be harder to detect because of less specific symptoms. Recurrences are common in children with urinary abnormalities such as neurogenic bladder, vesicourethral reflux or those with very poor toilet and hygiene habits. This article reviews the diagnostic approach and presents the current data related to the roles of radiologic imaging, surgical correction and antibiotic prophylaxis of UTIs in children. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2009; 18(2.000: 57-69

  4. Composite mandibular allografts in canines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of transplanting composite mandibular allografts to repair large mandibular defects. Methods: Three composite mandibular transplantation models were established. The first model consisted of hemimandible with the attached teeth, muscle and skin, and oral mucosa. The second model was transplanted in the same way with the first one excluding oral mucosa and some teeth, and third one excluding the oral mucosa and all dental crowns. Fourteen transplanting operations were performed in canines. Cyclosporine A and methylprednisone were given for immunosuppression. Results: The composite mandibular organs had an effective and closed return circuit. Transplantation of vascularized allograft of mandibular compound organs was feasible. Two longest time survivors of 67 d and 76 d were in the third model group. Cyclosporine A was successful in suppressing rejection of transplanted composite allograft and prolonging survival time of transplantation models. Conclusions: The composite mandibular allografts were available with large block of living composite tissue,and helpful in restoration of appearance and function for severe mandibular defects.

  5. Canine pyometra: What is new?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagman, R

    2017-04-01

    Pyometra is a common disease in countries where elective spaying is not routinely performed. Hormonal and bacterial factors are fundamental in the pathogenesis of the disease, which manifests itself as a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection of the uterus. Surgical ovariohysterectomy is the safest and most effective treatment for pyometra, and it has recently been shown that laparoscopically assisted methods for surgical treatment are feasible to use in selected cases. New protocols for improved medical treatment alternatives have also been tested with promising results. To be able to predict outcome and presence of complications early would be valuable in clinical practice for optimizing therapy and increasing survival. Results of commonly investigated clinical and laboratory investigations have been shown to be useful as predictive markers, with leucopenia being associated with increased risk of peritonitis as well as prolonged post-operative hospitalization after surgical treatment. A cage-side rapid and cost-effective diagnostic test would be highly valuable in clinical practice, and detection of pyometra-specific upregulated genes in the uterus and the corresponding products is a potential start in identifying novel markers suitable for such as test. The focus of the present review is to highlight recent findings on pathogenesis, prediction of outcome, diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, central research questions and suggestions for future investigations about several aspects of canine pyometra will be addressed. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  6. Trans-obturator Tape in surgical treatment of urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashrafi M

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a new minimally-invasive surgical procedure using trans-obturator Tape (TOT to treat female stress urinary incontinence.Methods: This clinical trial study was performed from 2003 to 2004 in the Gynecology Department of Imam Hospital, Vali-e-Asr, Tehran, Iran. A total of 35 women with stress urinary incontinence underwent the TOT procedure. All patients underwent pre-operative clinical examination, cough-stress test (full bladder, uroflowmetry and post-voiding residual volume assessment. Results: The mean age of patients was 50 years, ranging from 26 to 74 years, with an average urinary stress incontinence duration of six years. The mean time of follow-up was 14 months (at 1, 6, 12 and 24 months and the average duration of surgery was about 20 minutes. The perioperative complication rate was 9% with no vascular, nerve or bowel injuries. The rate of hemorrhagic side effects (spontaneously-absorbed hematoma and blood loss not requiring blood transfusion was 2.9%. Post-operative urinary retention and vaginal erosion occurred in one case each; the former was treated by intermittent self-catheterization. In total, 91.4% of patients were completely cured and 8.6% were improved without failure of treatment. Conclusions: The present study confirms the results obtained by Delorme and coworkers, and allows us to consider TOT as a safe, minimally invasive and efficient short-term surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, alone or in combination with prolapse repair. Following this study, a randomized control trial is recommended to compare TOT with the gold standard surgery for women with urinary incontinence.

  7. Development of a Minor Histocompatibility Antigen Vaccine Regimen in the Canine Model of Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosinski, Steven Lawrence; Stone, Brad; Graves, Scott S; Fuller, Deborah H; De Rosa, Stephen C; Spies, Gregory A; Mize, Gregory J; Fuller, James T; Storb, Rainer

    2015-10-01

    Minor histocompatibility antigen (miHA) vaccines have the potential to augment graft-versus-tumor effects without graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We used mixed hematopoietic chimerism in the canine model of major histocompatibility complex-matched allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation as a platform to develop a miHA vaccination regimen. We engineered DNA plasmids and replication-deficient human adenovirus type 5 constructs encoding large sections of canine SMCY and the entire canine SRY gene. Priming with replication-deficient human adenovirus type 5 constructs and boosting with ex vivo plasmid-transfected dendritic cells and cutaneous delivery of plasmids with a particle-mediated epidermal delivery device (PMED) in 2 female dogs induced antigen-specific T-cell responses. Similar responses were observed after a prime-boost vaccine regimen in three female hematopoietic cell transplantation donors. Subsequent donor lymphocyte infusion resulted in a significant change of chimerism in 1 of 3 male recipients without any signs of graft-versus-host disease. The change in chimerism in the recipient occurred in association with the development of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses to the same peptide pools detected in the donor. These studies describe the first in vivo response to miHA vaccination in a large, outbred animal model without using recipient cells to sensitize the donor. This model provides a platform for ongoing experiments designed to define optimal miHA targets and develop protocols to directly vaccinate the recipient.

  8. 无张力阴道悬吊系统TVT-S治疗女性压力性尿失禁临床分析%Tension-free vaginal tape-SECUR (TVT-S) for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗德毅; 张汉超; 戴轶; 沈宏

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨第三代无张力阴道悬吊系统TVT-S治疗女性压力性尿失禁的适应证和疗效.方法 回顾性分析采用TVT-S术式治疗女性压力性尿失禁27例患者的资料.年龄25~69岁,平均51岁;病程1~20年,平均7年,既往曾行阴道前壁折叠术1例.根据美国妇产科学会POP-Q分级系统评价,Aa为-2~-1 cm,棉签试验尿道夹角>60°,临床症状评估均为Ⅱ度.27例术前尿动力学检查膀胱顺应性正常,最大尿道闭合压(mUCP)25~60 cm H2O(1 cm H2O=0.098 kPa),平均40 cm H2O,腹压漏尿点压(VLPP)均>60 cm H2O.混合性尿失禁1例,单纯型压力性尿失禁26例.观察指标包括手术时间、术后并发症,随访患者的疗效及生活质量.结果 局麻下手术,行U形手术4例(MUCP<30 cm H2O),H形手术23例.手术时间6~15 min,平均8 min.术中失血量少,无尿道及膀胱损伤.术后留置尿管时间平均1 d.术后随访3~15个月,平均8.7个月,26例无需尿垫达到临床治愈,1例混合性尿失禁患者急迫性尿失禁症状改善.I-QOL问卷调查患者生活质量评价良好.25例(93%)患者对术后尿失禁症状改善表示满意,且术前尿失禁症状较重者满意度更高.结论 TVT-S是一种治疗女性压力性尿失禁安全有效且并发症低的微创术式,适合于膀胱顺应性正常、最大尿道闭合压正常、尿道移动度较大的患者,部分高龄或尿道压力较低者建议行U形TVT-S或TVT术.%Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and indications of a new minimally invasive surgical procedure,the tension-free vaginal tape-SECUR (TVT-S),in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods Twenty-seven consecutive women with stress urinary incontinence underwent the procedure under local anesthesia.The mean age of the study group was 51 (range 25-69)years,average disease duration was 7 (1-20) years.In one case,repair of pelvic floor defects had been made previously.According to the pelvic organ

  9. Proteins of the canine seminal plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annice Aquino-Cortez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Studies have been performed to identify the proteins present in canine seminal plasma (SP and relate them to sperm quality as well as to discover molecular markers of reproductive tract diseases. There is evidence that heparin-binding proteins, zinc-binding proteins, and lactoferrin as well as the matrix metalloproteinase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase enzymes are associated with canine sperm quality. Other studies indicate that prolactin and enzymes like arginine esterase, acid phosphatase, and alkaline phosphatase could be successfully used as biomarkers of reproductive disorders. Thus, the present literature review aims to address aspects related to proteins of the canine SP, their influence on fertility, and their importance as biomarkers of reproductive disorders.

  10. Coryneform bacteria associated with canine otitis externa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aalbæk, Bent; Bemis, David A.; Schjærff, Mette

    2010-01-01

    of coryneform bacteria was 16% among 55 cases of canine otitis externa examined at the Danish hospital during 2007. In contrast, detectable levels of coryneform bacteria were not demonstrated in samples from the acustic meatus of 35 dogs with apparently healthy ears, attending the hospital during the same year......This study aims to investigate the occurrence of coryneform bacteria in canine otitis externa. A combined case series and case-control study was carried out to improve the current knowledge on frequency and clinical significance of coryneform bacteria in samples from canine otitis externa. A total...... of 16 cases of otitis externa with involvement of coryneform bacteria were recorded at two referral veterinary hospitals in Denmark and the US, respectively. Coryneform bacteria were identified by partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Corynebacterium auriscanis was the most common coryneform species (10...

  11. Overexpression of vimentin in canine prostatic carcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodrigues, M M P; Rema, A; Gärtner, F

    2011-01-01

    Canine prostatic tumours exhibit similarities to those of man and may represent a useful model system to explore the mechanisms of cancer progression. Tumour progression to malignancy requires a change from an epithelial phenotype to a fibroblastic or mesenchymal phenotype. Vimentin expression...... is associated with the invasive phenotype of human prostate cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to characterize immunohistochemically the expression of vimentin by canine prostatic carcinomas. Primary carcinomas and metastatic tumour foci both showed vimentin expression. This finding suggests...... that the acquisition of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype in canine prostatic carcinoma may be characterized by the presence of mesenchymal intermediate filament (vimentin) that could lead to a higher likelihood of metastasis....

  12. Biomarkers in canine inflammatory bowel disease diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wdowiak, M; Rychlik, A; Kołodziejska-Sawerska, A

    2013-01-01

    Canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogeneous group of chronic gastrointestinal disorders. The etiology, similar to human IBD, remains unknown. Canine IBD is diagnosed by exclusion, which is a long, time and money-consuming process due to the need of elimination of other diseases presenting with similar symptoms. Therefore, a search for a specific and sensitive marker is needed to overcome these difficulties. The article is divided into 3 sections presenting up-to-date information about laboratory markers, immunohistochemical markers and changes in the neurochemical coding of the enteric nervous system, concentrating on their usefulness and future applications. Data concerning laboratory and immunohistochemical markers is based mainly on canine IBD, while the neuroimmunohistochemistry section presents knowledge from human IBD due to the lack of such studies in veterinary medicine.

  13. Early and unusual incisor resorption due to impacted maxillary canines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Ronald L

    2003-10-01

    A very early and severe case of maxillary incisor resorption caused by impacted canines is reported. An estimated 50,000 cases of ectopic eruption and impaction of maxillary canines occur each year in the United States. Although incisor resorption due to ectopically positioned permanent maxillary canines can be swift, silent, and devastating, an effective protocol has been developed for early detection and management of this condition. Palpation and, if indicated, radiographic evaluation are combined with primary canine removal in selected cases. These strategies--particularly when used early--can prevent the vast majority of palatally impacted maxillary canines and the potentially devastating resorption of adjacent incisors.

  14. MR imaging of pelvic floor in stress urinary incontinence=20

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Rae; Park, Heung Jae; Kook, Shin Ho; Chung, Eun Chul [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-04-01

    To demonstrate the anatomy of the female pelvic floor and to determine the anatomic differences between normal controls and women with stress urinary incontinence, using MRI. Five healthy, young, nulliparous women and 12 with stress urinary incontinence underwent MR imaging. We obtained FSE T2-weighted axial images, 3mm thick, of the region extending from the urethroversical junction to the perineal membrane. The following parameters were determined : angle, asymmetry and signal intensity of the levator ani muscles, the distance between the urethra and symphysis, and the presence, shape and angulation of urethropelvic ligament. In contrast to normal controls, frequent findings in women with stress incontinence were as follows : increased angle (43%), asymmetry (43%) and higher signal intensity (67%) of the levator ani muscles; increased distance between the urethra and symphysis; loss (43%), discontinuity (60%) and dorsal angulation (43%) of the urethropelvic ligament. In women with stress urinary incontinence, MRI clearly demonstrates the anatomy of the female pelvic floor, changes in the levator ani muscles, the distance between the urethra and symphysis, and the urethropelvic ligament. The modality can therefore be used to evaluate the anatomical changes occurring in cases of stress urinary incontinence. (author)

  15. CANINE IMPACTIONS: AN ORTHODONTIST’S PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harikrishna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : Impacted teeth are those which are not predictable and do not erupt absolutely based on clinical and radiographic assessment. Certain impactions can be complicated and the outcome unpredictable if the tooth is positioned unfavourably either horizontally or vertically in the alveolar bone. Presence of canines buccally, palatally or lingually can be seen using various diagnostic methods. Factors that interfere with its development and eruption have influence on aesthetics’, function and stability. A detailed understanding of the management of impacted teeth is essential for a stable and aesthetic result. So, we put forth the most common procedures which can be carried out by general dentists in managing impacted maxillary canines.

  16. Medical Treatment of Primary Canine Glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alario, Anthony F; Strong, Travis D; Pizzirani, Stefano

    2015-11-01

    Glaucoma is a painful and often blinding group of ocular diseases for which there is no cure. Although the definition of glaucoma is rapidly evolving, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) remains the most consistent risk factor of glaucoma in the canine patient. Therapy should be aimed at neuroprotection. The mainstay of therapy focuses on reducing IOP and maintaining a visual and comfortable eye. This article discusses the most current ocular hypotensive agents, focusing on their basic pharmacology, efficacy at lowering IOP, and recommended use in the treatment of idiopathic canine glaucoma.

  17. Quality of Life in Female Epispadias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amesty, Maria Virginia; Chocarro, Gloria; Lobato, Roberto; Monsalve, Shirley; Martinez-Urrutia, Maria Jose; Lopez-Pereira, Pedro Carlos; Jaureguizar, Enrique

    2016-06-01

    Introduction and Aim Female epispadias is a rare congenital anomaly associated with significant urinary incontinence. This study aims to evaluate the results of its treatment in terms of continence, sexuality, and impact of incontinence on quality of life. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed nine patients (5-39 years) treated of female epispadias in our hospital during the period 1976-2013. Urinary continence (ICIQ-SF), sexuality, impact of incontinence on quality of life (Potenziani-14-CI-IO-2000-QOL), and overall quality of life (SF-36) were evaluated. Results All nine women were treated by bladder neck reconstruction (Young-Dees-Leadbetter) and genitoplasty; four received 2.5 (R = 1-5) endoscopic bladder neck injections; one required enterocystoplasty, urinary diversion, and bladder neck closure because of persistent incontinence; five performed pelvic floor rehabilitation; and two took anticholinergics. Three achieved continence; five had mild urinary incontinence; and 1 had moderate urinary incontinence and was awaiting an endoscopic injection. Of the seven who were older than 18 years, five answered the questionnaires of quality of life and sexuality. All had a general quality of life (SF-36) that does not differ from the normal population and had a slight impact (7 [0-15] points) of incontinence on quality of life (Potenziani-14-CI-IO-QOL-2000). Four had a normal sex life, and the fifth had lack of self-confidence due to her incontinence. Conclusion Patients with female epispadias have good long-term results regarding quality of life and sexuality, despite having some degree of urinary incontinence.

  18. Increased urinary orosomucoid excretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, M S; Iversen, K; Larsen, C T

    2009-01-01

    , impaired left ventricular function and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 41 patients with type 2 diabetes (17 patients with normal UOER and 24 with increased UOER) with no history of cardiovascular disease and 21 healthy...... controls. Urinary orosomucoid was measured using a particle-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay. Plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM) were measured using ELISA. Endothelial function measured as vasodilatory capacity...... of the brachial artery and echocardiography were done in all participants. RESULTS: Patients with diabetes and increased UOER had subclinically increased serum orosomucoid (pprotein (CRP) (p

  19. [Nosocomial urinary infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butreau-Lemaire, M; Botto, H

    1997-09-01

    The concept of nosocomial urinary tract infection now corresponds to a precise definition. It is generally related to bladder catheterization, constitutes the most frequent form of nosocomial infection (30 to 50% of infections), and represents the third most frequent portal of entry of bacteraemia. The organism most frequently isolated is Escherichia coli; but the flora is changing and the ecological distribution is continually modified. Despite their usually benign nature, these nosocomial infections can nevertheless influence hospital mortality; they increase the hospital stay by an average of 2.5 days and their treatment represents a large share of the antibiotic budget. Prevention of these infections is therefore essential, with particular emphasis on simple and universally accessible measures: very precise indications for vesical catheterization, use of closed circuit drainage, maximal asepsis when handling catheters, after washing the hands.

  20. Managing urinary tract infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadeh, Sermin A; Mattoo, Tej K

    2011-11-01

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in childhood. Presence of pyuria and bacteriuria in an appropriately collected urine sample are diagnostic of UTI. The risk of UTI is increased with an underlying urological abnormality such as vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, and voiding dysfunction. Patients with acute pyelonephritis are at risk of renal scarring and subsequent complications such as hypertension, proteinuria with and without FSGS, pregnancy-related complications and even end-stage renal failure. The relevance and the sequence of the renal imaging following initial UTI, and the role of antimicrobial prophylaxis and surgical intervention are currently undergoing an intense debate. Prompt treatment of UTI and appropriate follow-up of those at increased risk of recurrence and/or renal scarring are important.

  1. Dentoalveolar Segmental Osteotomy Combined with Orthodontic Treatment for an Impacted and Ankylosed Upper Canine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aludden, Hanna Cecilia; Jensen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    for the management of ankylosed teeth involving extraction, surgical luxation, and osteotomy followed by dentoalveolar distraction or conventional orthodontic treatment. This case report describes a 55-year-old female who was referred by her orthodontist due to an impacted and ankylosed maxillary upper left canine......Ankylosis is the abnormal adhesion of alveolar bone to dentin or cementum and commonly seen after traumatic dental injuries. Treatment of impacted and ankylosed teeth solely by orthodontics alignment may be challenging. Consequently, several treatment alternatives have been proposed....... A dentoalveolar segmental osteotomy with immediate repositioning of an upper canine was performed. One year after final orthodontic treatment a satisfying occlusal and esthetic treatment outcome was obtained....

  2. Cardiac troponin I levels in canine pyometra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagman Ragnvi

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Myocardial injury may contribute to unexpected deaths due to pyometra. To detect myocardial damage, measurement of cardiac troponin I (cTnI is currently the most sensitive and specific method. The aims of the present study were to evaluate presence of myocardial damage in canine pyometra by analysis of cTnI, to explore whether myocardial injury was associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS and to evaluate whether other clinical or laboratory parameters were associated with cTnI increase. Methods Preoperative plasma levels of cTnI were investigated in 58 female dogs with pyometra and 9 controls. The value of physical examination findings, haematological, serum biochemical and pro-inflammatory (CRP and TNF-α parameters as possible predictors of increased cTnI levels was also evaluated. Results Seven dogs with pyometra (12% and one control dog (11% had increased levels of cTnI. In the pyometra group, the levels ranged between 0.3–0.9 μg l-1 and in the control dog the level was 0.3 μg l-1. The cTnI levels did not differ significantly between the two groups. No cardiac abnormalities were evident on preoperative physical examinations. Four of the pyometra patients died within two weeks of surgery, of which two were examined post mortem. In one of these cases (later diagnosed with myocarditis and disseminated bacterial infection the cTnI levels increased from 0.9 μg l-1 preoperatively to 180 μg l-1 the following day when also heart arrhythmia was also detected. The other patient had cTnI levels of 0.7 μg l-1 with no detectable heart pathology post mortem. CTnI increase was not associated with presence of SIRS. There was a trend for the association of cTnI increase with increased mortality. No preoperative physical examination findings and few but unspecific laboratory parameters were associated with increased cTnI levels. Conclusion Increased cTnI levels were observed in 12% of the dogs with pyometra. The

  3. Cardiac troponin I levels in canine pyometra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagman, Ragnvi; Lagerstedt, Anne-Sofie; Fransson, Boel A; Bergström, Annika; Häggström, Jens

    2007-02-28

    Myocardial injury may contribute to unexpected deaths due to pyometra. To detect myocardial damage, measurement of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is currently the most sensitive and specific method. The aims of the present study were to evaluate presence of myocardial damage in canine pyometra by analysis of cTnI, to explore whether myocardial injury was associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and to evaluate whether other clinical or laboratory parameters were associated with cTnI increase. Preoperative plasma levels of cTnI were investigated in 58 female dogs with pyometra and 9 controls. The value of physical examination findings, haematological, serum biochemical and pro-inflammatory (CRP and TNF-alpha) parameters as possible predictors of increased cTnI levels was also evaluated. Seven dogs with pyometra (12%) and one control dog (11%) had increased levels of cTnI. In the pyometra group, the levels ranged between 0.3-0.9 microg l-1 and in the control dog the level was 0.3 microg l-1. The cTnI levels did not differ significantly between the two groups. No cardiac abnormalities were evident on preoperative physical examinations. Four of the pyometra patients died within two weeks of surgery, of which two were examined post mortem. In one of these cases (later diagnosed with myocarditis and disseminated bacterial infection) the cTnI levels increased from 0.9 microg l-1 preoperatively to 180 microg l-1 the following day when also heart arrhythmia was also detected. The other patient had cTnI levels of 0.7 microg l-1 with no detectable heart pathology post mortem. CTnI increase was not associated with presence of SIRS. There was a trend for the association of cTnI increase with increased mortality. No preoperative physical examination findings and few but unspecific laboratory parameters were associated with increased cTnI levels. Increased cTnI levels were observed in 12% of the dogs with pyometra. The proportions of dogs with cTnI increase did

  4. Cardiac troponin I levels in canine pyometra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagman, Ragnvi; Lagerstedt, Anne-Sofie; Fransson, Boel A; Bergström, Annika; Häggström, Jens

    2007-01-01

    Background Myocardial injury may contribute to unexpected deaths due to pyometra. To detect myocardial damage, measurement of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is currently the most sensitive and specific method. The aims of the present study were to evaluate presence of myocardial damage in canine pyometra by analysis of cTnI, to explore whether myocardial injury was associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and to evaluate whether other clinical or laboratory parameters were associated with cTnI increase. Methods Preoperative plasma levels of cTnI were investigated in 58 female dogs with pyometra and 9 controls. The value of physical examination findings, haematological, serum biochemical and pro-inflammatory (CRP and TNF-α) parameters as possible predictors of increased cTnI levels was also evaluated. Results Seven dogs with pyometra (12%) and one control dog (11%) had increased levels of cTnI. In the pyometra group, the levels ranged between 0.3–0.9 μg l-1 and in the control dog the level was 0.3 μg l-1. The cTnI levels did not differ significantly between the two groups. No cardiac abnormalities were evident on preoperative physical examinations. Four of the pyometra patients died within two weeks of surgery, of which two were examined post mortem. In one of these cases (later diagnosed with myocarditis and disseminated bacterial infection) the cTnI levels increased from 0.9 μg l-1 preoperatively to 180 μg l-1 the following day when also heart arrhythmia was also detected. The other patient had cTnI levels of 0.7 μg l-1 with no detectable heart pathology post mortem. CTnI increase was not associated with presence of SIRS. There was a trend for the association of cTnI increase with increased mortality. No preoperative physical examination findings and few but unspecific laboratory parameters were associated with increased cTnI levels. Conclusion Increased cTnI levels were observed in 12% of the dogs with pyometra. The proportions of dogs

  5. 尿道中段童氏前路悬吊术与经阴道尿道中段悬带术治疗女性压力性尿失禁疗效比较%Comparison of Tong's ventrofixation and intravaginal slingplasty in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵凌云; 王昕; 侯艺蓉; 家君; 童晓文

    2008-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of Tong's ventrofixation for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods There were 40 patients with stress urinary incontinence complicated with organ prolapse 27 of them underwent Tong's ventrofixation(Group A)and the others underwent intmvaginal slingplasty(IVS)(Group B).The patients were all followed up and the treatment effect was evaluated after operation.Results Operation time was about twemy to thirty-five minutes in both of the two groups.No patients were injured in blood vessel,nerve,urethra or bladder during and after operation in the group of Tong's hammock.Two cases with dysuria after Tong's hammock recovered naturally without special therapy in one to two weeks.Three eases were kept with indwelling catheter for three to eight days because of urine retention by ultrasound.No patients were injured in blood vessel,nerve,urethra or bladder during operation in the IVS group,but one case was found to have bladder damage when followed up after operation.One ease appeared to have dysuria and one ease claimed having urine retention after IVS.Conclusion Tong's hammock and IVS are an effective operation with less operation cost,minor operation scope,less operation risk.%目的 评价尿道中段童氏前路悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效.方法 选有压力性尿失禁患者40例,所有患者均按知情同意的原则.自愿选择尿道中段童氏前路悬吊术或经阴道吊带术(IVS).行IVS 13例(IVS组),尿道中段童氏前路悬吊术27例(尿道中段童氏前路悬吊术组).对2组患者术中情况进行对比分析并对治疗后的效果进行定期随访.结果 2组治疗尿失禁所用的时间基本相同,约20~35min.尿道中段童氏前路悬吊组术中、术后均未发生血管、神经、尿道、膀胱损伤;术后发生排尿费力2例,排尿时感淋漓不尽,均于术后l~2周自然恢复,未特殊治疗;尿潴留3例,于24 h拔尿管后,B超提示尿潴留,再次留置导尿3

  6. 广州流动人群女性压力性尿失禁患病率及影响因素调查%Investigation on the prevalence and influencing factors of female stress urinary incontinence among the floating population in Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂月娥; 李雅文; 徐萍; 郭练; 林佩萱; 李娟; 陈静; 杨辉娥

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解广州地区流动人群成年女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的患病率及影响因素,为疾病防治工作提供依据.方法:采用整群抽样的方法,对1 500名20岁以上不同职业的流动人群女性进行问卷调查.结果:合格问卷1 472例,年龄20 ~65岁,平均(38.69±6.95)岁.广州市流动人群女性SUI患病率为34.0% (501/1 472),单因素分析表明SUI的发生与人口统计学特征、疾病史、妇产科相关因素中的21个因素有关,并且随着年龄、体重指数( BMI)、妊娠次数的增加患病率呈上升趋势.多因素非条件logistic回归分析显示,9个因素进入回归方程,分别为剖宫产、产后休息时间、高血压、尿路感染、咳嗽、盆腔手术史、阴道脱垂、年龄、妊娠次数.结论:广州流动人群女性SUI患病率高,影响因素复杂,应该进一步开展相关研究.%Objective: To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of adult female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) a-mong the floating population in Guangzhou city, provide reference for prevention and treatment of the disease. Methods- Stratified sampling method was used to select 1 500 floating women who were more than 20 years old and engaging in different occupations for questionnaire survey. Results: A total 1 472 valid questionnaires were retrieved, their average age was (38. 69 ±6.95) years (range; 20-65 years) . The prevalence of SUI among the floating women in Guangzhou city was 34.0% (501/1 472) . The results of univariate analysis showed that the occurrence of SUI was correlated with 21 factors among demographic characteristics, medical history, and gynecological related factors, increasing with age, body mass index, and the times of pregnancy. The results of mulb'variate unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that nine factors entered into regression equation, including cesarean section, postpartum rest time, hypertension, urinary tract infection, coughing, operation

  7. Exploring relationships of catheter-associated urinary tract infection and blockage in people with long-term indwelling urinary catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilde, Mary H; McMahon, James M; Crean, Hugh F; Brasch, Judith

    2017-09-01

    To describe and explore relationships among catheter problems in long-term indwelling urinary catheter users, including excess healthcare use for treating catheter problems. Long-term urinary catheter users experience repeated problems with catheter-related urinary tract infection and blockage of the device, yet little has been reported of the patterns and relationships among relevant catheter variables. Secondary data analysis was conducted from a sample in a randomised clinical trial, using data from the entire sample of 202 persons over 12 months' participation. Descriptive statistics were used to characterise the sample over time. Zero-inflated negative binomial models were employed for logistic regressions to evaluate predictor variables of the presence/absence and frequencies of catheter-related urinary tract infection and blockage. Catheter-related urinary tract infection was marginally associated with catheter blockage. Problems reported at least once per person in the 12 months were as follows: catheter-related urinary tract infection 57%, blockage 34%, accidental dislodgment 28%, sediment 87%, leakage (bypassing) 67%, bladder spasms 59%, kinks/twists 42% and catheter pain 49%. Regression analysis demonstrated that bladder spasms were significantly related to catheter-related urinary tract infection and sediment amount, and catheter leakages were marginally significantly and positively related to catheter-related urinary tract infection. Frequencies of higher levels of sediment and catheter leakage were significantly associated with higher levels of blockage, and being female was associated with fewer blockages. Persons who need help with eating (more disabled) were also more likely to have blockages. Catheter-related urinary tract infection and blockage appear to be related and both are associated with additional healthcare expenditures. More research is needed to better understand how to prevent adverse catheter outcomes and patterns of problems in

  8. Prevalence of upper urinary tract anomalies in hospitalized premature infants with urinary tract infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vachharajani, A; Vricella, G J; Najaf, T; Coplen, D E

    2015-05-01

    The 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines address imaging after initial febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants >2 months of age. We sought to determine the frequency of upper urinary tract anomalies (hydronephrosis and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)) in hospitalized premature infants with UTI. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions at a tertiary care children's hospital between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2010. We queried the records for UTI, renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG). We identified 3518 unique admissions. UTI occurred in 118 infants (3%). Sixty-nine (60%) had a normal US. Renal dilation was predominantly renal pelvic dilation (12%) and isolated caliectasis (22%). VUR was identified in 15 (14%) infants evaluated with a VCUG. VUR was identified in nine (12%) infants without and in seven (16%) with an abnormality on US. Reflux was identified in 7% of male and 38% of female infants with a UTI. Anatomic abnormalities of the upper urinary tract are uncommon in premature infants with a UTI that occurs during neonatal hospitalization. In concordance with the AAP guidelines, a VCUG may not be required in all NICU infants under age 2 months after a single UTI.

  9. Role of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of female stress urinary incontinence%盆底动态磁共振成像诊断女性压力性尿失禁的临床应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞志康; 严志汉; 黄磊; 毛传万; 周云新; 林嘉瑜

    2008-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the application of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of female stress urinary incontinence(SUI). Methods Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging(DMRI)were performed on 30 healthy female volunteers and 35 female SUI patients.DMRI of the pelvic floor at rest and OR maximal strain were performed by using sagittal T2-weighted fast gradient sequences.The distance of Urethra-vesical junction to the pubococcygeal line,the posterior vesicourethral angle and angle of inclination of the urethral axis were measured at rest and on maximal strain position.The t-value exact test were used to analyze the data. Results At rest the Urethravesical junction laid above pubococcygeal line on both control and SUI groups.Mean distance from the Urethra-vesical junction to pubococcygeal line at rest had no difference between the two groups.On straining,the mean Urethra-vesical junction descent distance in the SUI group(-0.9±1.1cm)was significantly higher than in control group(-0.14±0.3 cm),(P<0.001).On straining,the mean angle of urethral inclination in the SUI group(65±37°)was significantly bigger than in control groups (17±21°),(P<0.05).The posterior vesicourethral angle in the SUI groups(156±36°)was significantly bigger than in control groups(113±28°),(P<0.05). Conclusion Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging is a non-invasive.easily applied method in the diagnosis of SUI.%目的 探讨盆底动态磁共振成像(MRI)诊断女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的临床价值.方法 SUI患者35例,平均年龄51岁.健康女性30例作为对照组,平均年龄55岁.均行盆底动态MRI检查,分别于静息期及力排期进行快速梯度回波T2加权矢状面扫描,以耻尾线(PCL)作为参照标志,分别测量静息期及力排期膀胱尿道连接部的移动度和膀胱尿道后角以及尿道倾斜角3项指标.统计学分析2组MRI测定指标的差异.结果 静息期2组膀胱尿道连接部均位于PCL以上.力排期SUI组膀胱尿

  10. A rare case of isolated female epispadias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charu Tiwari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Isolated female epispadias without bladder exstrophy is an extremely rare entity. It usually presents with primary urinary incontinence and abnormal external genitalia. We describe this rare congenital anomaly in a 7-year-old girl who presented with urinary incontinence and abnormal external genitalia. She had a bifid clitoris and labia minora were widely separated. The vagina was normal. Voiding Cysto-urethrography (VCUG showed small capacity bladder with no reflux. Surgical reconstruction of the urethra, labia minora and clitoris was performed.

  11. The Pediatric Urinary Tract and Medical Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penny, Steven M

    2016-01-01

    The pediatric urinary tract often is assessed with medical imaging. Consequently, it is essential for medical imaging professionals to have a fundamental understanding of pediatric anatomy, physiology, and common pathology of the urinary tract to provide optimal patient care. This article provides an overview of fetal development, pediatric urinary anatomy and physiology, and common diseases and conditions of the pediatric urinary tract.

  12. Risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis: comprehensive single center analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zareba, Piotr; Lorenzo, Armando J; Braga, Luis H

    2014-05-01

    We assessed risk factors for urinary tract infection in children with prenatal hydronephrosis We identified 376 infants with prenatal hydronephrosis in an institutional database. The occurrence of febrile urinary tract infection in the first 2 years of life was ascertained by chart review. Febrile urinary tract infection was defined as a positive culture from a catheterized urine specimen in a patient with a fever of 38.0C or greater. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess gender, circumcision status, hydronephrosis grade, vesicoureteral reflux grade and antibiotic prophylaxis as predictors of the risk of urinary tract infection. Included in analysis were 277 males and 99 females. Hydronephrosis was high grade in 128 infants (34.0%) and vesicoureteral reflux was present in 79 (21.0%). Antibiotic prophylaxis was prescribed in 60.4% of patients, preferentially to females vs males (70.7% vs 56.7%), those with high vs low grade hydronephrosis (70.3% vs 55.2%) and those with vs without vesicoureteral reflux (96.2% vs 50.8%). On multivariate analysis there was an association between high grade hydronephrosis and an increased risk of urinary tract infection (adjusted OR 2.40, 95% CI 1.26-4.56). Females (adjusted OR 3.16, 95% CI 0.98-10.19) and uncircumcised males (adjusted OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.18-11.22) were also at higher risk than circumcised males. Antibiotic prophylaxis was not associated with a decreased risk of urinary tract infection (adjusted OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.45-1.94). High grade hydronephrosis, female gender and uncircumcised status in males are independent risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis. Antibiotic prophylaxis did not reduce the risk of urinary tract infection in the study group. Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Female Infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or 6 ... woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female infertility can result from age, physical problems, ...

  14. Assessment of lower urinary tract symptoms in different stages of menopause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varella, Larissa Ramalho Dantas; Bezerra da Silva, Rossânia; Eugênia de Oliveira, Maria Clara; Melo, Priscylla Hellouyse Angelo; Maranhão, Técia Maria de Oliveira; Micussi, Maria Thereza Albuquerque Barbosa Cabral

    2016-11-01

    [Purpose] To assess lower urinary tract symptoms in different stages of menopause and the quality of life of females with incontinence. [Subjects and Methods] The sample consisted of 302 females, aged between 40 and 56 years, divided into three groups: PRE (n= 81), PERI (n= 108) and POST (n= 113). This was a cross-sectional, analytical, observational study. Data were collected by assessment chart and conducting the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. [Results] Most of the women had less than 10 years of schooling and were married. In PERI and POST menopause, the most frequent lower urinary tract symptoms were urinary urgency and stress incontinence. The PRE group did not exhibit nocturia, urge incontinence or urinary urgency, and had the lowest symptoms frequency. In the three stages, stress incontinence was the most prevalent symptom. Of the three menopause stages, PERI had a greater impact on urinary incontinence according to the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire. [Conclusion] The presence of lower urinary tract symptoms can vary across the different stages of menopause and the urinary incontinence was the most frequent complaint. Moreover, it was observed that quality of life was more affected in the perimenopause stage.

  15. Prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagenlehner, F M E; Vahlensieck, W; Bauer, H W; Weidner, W; Piechota, H J; Naber, K G

    2013-03-01

    Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most frequent bacterial infections in the community and health care setting. Mostly young and, to some extent, postmenopausal women are affected by recurrent UTI (rUTI) defined as ≥3 UTI/year or ≥2 UTI/half year. In contrast, rUTI is rare in healthy men. On the other hand, rUTI are frequently found in female and male patients with complicating urological factors, e.g. urinary catheters, infection stones. Remediable predisposing factors in uncomplicated rUTI in women are rare. In complicated rUTI the success depends mainly on the possibility to eliminate or at leastimprove the complicating risk factors. Continuous antibiotic prophylaxis or postcoital prophylaxis, if there is close correlation with sexual intercourse, are most effective to prevent rUTI. Nitrofurantoin, trimethoprim (or cotrimoxazole), and fosfomycin trometamol are available as first-line drugs. Oral cephalosporins and quinolones should be restricted to specific indications. Antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the number of uropathogens in the gut and/or vaginal flora and reduces bacterial "fitness". Given the correct indication, the recurrence rate of rUTI can be reduced by about 90%. Due to possible adverse events and the concern of selecting resistant pathogens, according to the guidelines of the European Association of Urology antimicrobial prophylaxis should be considered only after counselling, behavioural modification and non-antimicrobial measures have been attempted. In postmenopausal patients vaginal substitution of oestriol should be started first. Oral or parenteral immunoprophylaxis is another option in patients with rUTI. Other possibilities with varying scientific evidence are prophylaxis with cranberry products, specific plant combinations or probiotics. The prophylaxis of catheter-associated UTI should employ strategies which result in a reduction of frequency and duration of catheter drainage of the urinary tract. The currently available

  16. A Rare Case of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma with Urinary Bladder Metastasis

    OpenAIRE

    Heather Katz; Saad, Rahoma E.; Krista Denning; Pacioles, Toni O.

    2017-01-01

    Metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma to the urinary bladder is extremely rare. We describe a previously healthy 49-year-old female with recent diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction with metastatic disease to the liver. Biopsy was positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). She received six cycles of Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Herceptin and subsequently developed symptomatic anemia and hematuria. Cystosco...

  17. A clinical and radiographic study to evaluate the rate of retraction of maxillary canine using nickel-titanium closed coil spring with two different bracket systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Adarsh Reddy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study compares the efficiency of self-ligating brackets with the conventional preadjusted edgewise (PEA brackets during maxillary canine retraction using nickel-titanium closed coil springs. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised of 20 healthy patients (10 males and 10 females, within age groups 16-26 years (mean, 20 years having Class I malocclusion with bimaxillary protrusion. All patients underwent bilateral extraction of the maxillary first bicuspids and retraction of the maxillary canines with fixed self-ligating brackets (3M Smart clip and PEA appliance (3M Gemini. The initial records included standard intra- and extra-oral photographs, study models, lateral cephalograms, and panoramic radiographs. Results: The mean distal movement of canines in self-ligating brackets was 0.89 mm/mo with standard deviation of 0.255 and in preadjusted edgewise brackets, the mean distal movement of canines was 0.87 mm/mo with standard deviation of 0.214. The mean tipping of canine in self-ligating brackets was 7.45 ± 1.050(0 and in PEA brackets it was 7.70° ± 1.21°. The mean rotation of canine in self-ligating brackets was 7.65° ± 3.47° and in preadjusted edgewise appliance it was 12.30° ± 3.08°. Conclusion: The rates of distal movement of the maxillary canines were similar with both conventional and self-ligating brackets. Rotation of the maxillary canines during retraction was minimized with self-ligating brackets in comparison to conventional bracket systems.

  18. The risk factors of recurrent urinary tract infection in infants with normal urinary systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Yoon Hee; Lee, Jung Won; Lee, Seung Joo

    2009-02-01

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) frequently recurs and increases the risk of renal scarring even in infants with normal urinary tracts. Our study was aimed to find preventive measures for recurrent UTI in these infants. One-hundred ninety infants, who were diagnosed with their first febrile UTI and were proven to have normal urinary systems, were enrolled. We investigated the incidence of recurrent UTI during the following year and the following risk factors: gender, young age, phimosis, vaginal reflux, and acute pyelonephritis (APN) diagnosed by 99m-technetium dimercaptosuccinic acid ((99m)Tc-DMSA)(+) scintigraphy. The incidence of recurrent UTI was 21.1%. The difference in recurrence rate according to gender was not significant. The recurrence rate in infants less than 6 months of age was 25.8%, which was significantly higher than the 7.7% in older infants (P = 0.045). In male infants with persistent non-retractile prepuces, recurrent UTI developed in 34.0%, which was significantly higher than the 17.6% in male infants with retractile prepuces (P = 0.022). The presence of APN in male infants increased the likelihood of recurrent UTI when analyzed by multivariate logistic regression [odds ratio 4.6, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.6-13.0, P = 0.003]. The presence of vaginal reflux and APN in female infants gave no significant difference to the incidence of recurrent UTI. In infants with normal urinary systems, age less than 6 months, non-retractile prepuces and APN in male infants, were the most important risk factors for recurrent UTIs. It is suggested that non-retractile prepuces should be adequately treated to become retractile in young male infants with APN.

  19. Cardiac involvement in canine babesiosis : review article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.G. Lobetti

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac dysfunction in canine babesiosis has traditionally been regarded as a rare complication, with the majority of lesions reported as incidental findings at post-mortem examination. Recent studies have, however, demonstrated cardiac lesions in canine babesiosis. Cardiac troponins, especially troponin I, are sensitive markers of myocardial injury in canine babesiosis, and the magnitude of elevation of plasma troponin I concentrations appears to be proportional to the severity of the disease. ECG changes in babesiosis are similar to the pattern described for myocarditis and myocardial ischaemia and together with histopathological findings indicate that the heart suffers from the same pathological processes described in other organs in canine babesiosis, namely inflammation and hypoxia. The clinical application of the ECG appears to be limited and thus cardiovascular assessment should be based on functional monitoring rather than an ECG tracing. On cardiac histopathology from dogs that succumbed to babesiosis, haemorrhage, necrosis, inflammation and fibrin microthrombi in the myocardium were documented, all of which would have resulted in ECG changes and elevations in cardiac troponin. Myocardial damage causes left ventricular failure, which will result in hypotension and an expansion of the plasma volume due to homeostatic mechanisms.

  20. Canine distemper outbreak in rhesus monkeys, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Wei; Zheng, Ying; Zhang, Shoufeng; Fan, Quanshui; Liu, Hua; Zhang, Fuqiang; Wang, Wei; Liao, Guoyang; Hu, Rongliang

    2011-08-01

    Since 2006, canine distemper outbreaks have occurred in rhesus monkeys at a breeding farm in Guangxi, People's Republic of China. Approximately 10,000 animals were infected (25%-60% disease incidence); 5%-30% of infected animals died. The epidemic was controlled by vaccination. Amino acid sequence analysis of the virus indicated a unique strain.

  1. Canine notoedric mange: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Federico

    2007-04-01

    Notoedric mange is a cutaneous ectoparasitic disease of cats caused by Notoedres cati, a mite belonging to the Sarcoptidae family. The disease occurs in felids, occasionally in other mammals and in humans. The canine form, even if cited by some authors, has never been documented. This report describes for the first time a case of notoedric mange in a dog.

  2. Efficacy of Scabisol against Canine Demodecosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. Bodkhe

    Full Text Available In the present study scabisol containing precipitated sulphur was tried in 10 dogs suffering from Canine demodecosis. The improvement was observed within 72 hours of treatment, and complete recovery was noticed after three consecutive treatments. [Veterinary World 2008; 1(7.000: 211-211

  3. Canine specific ELISA for coagulation factor VII

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Tom; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads; Tranholm, Mikael;

    2011-01-01

    available to date. In this study, a canine specific ELISA for measurement of FVII:Ag in plasma was developed and validated. The FVII:Ag ELISA correctly diagnosed homozygous and heterozygous hereditary FVII deficiency. Together with activity based assays, such as FVII:C, the FVII:Ag ELISA should be valuable...

  4. Potential economic benefits of eliminating canine rabies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shwiff, Stephanie; Hampson, Katie; Anderson, Aaron

    2013-05-01

    Although canine rabies has been eliminated from industrialized countries, infected dogs remain the primary source of human and livestock exposures in Asia, Africa and much of South America. Human deaths are the most important direct economic impact of canine rabies, followed by livestock losses and the cost of PEP, while expenses associated with dog vaccination and control are major indirect impacts. The global burden of rabies disproportionately affects Asia, which experiences more than half of human rabies deaths and approximately 65% of livestock losses, and performs more than 90% of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). Africa is second to Asia in terms of human deaths and livestock losses, but administers the least number of PEPs of the three regions. Recent experience in Latin America shows that efforts to reduce human deaths from rabies through expanded dog vaccination and improved access to PEP result in significant monetary savings. The elimination of canine rabies would lead to major economic benefits in developing countries that are often the least capable of dealing with the disease. This article forms part of a symposium in Antiviral Research on the elimination of canine rabies. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. Immune-mediated canine and feline keratitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew, Stacy E

    2008-03-01

    Although the normal cornea is devoid of vasculature and lymphatics, there are still several immune-mediated corneal conditions that can occur in dogs and cats. An overview of corneal immunology is presented. Diseases of dogs, including chronic superficial keratitis, superficial punctate keratitis, and canine adenovirus endotheliitis, as well as feline diseases, including eosinophilic keratitis and herpesvirus-related conditions, are discussed.

  6. Canine retraction with J hook headgear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala Perez, C; de Alba, J A; Caputo, A A; Chaconas, S J

    1980-11-01

    Several methods have been described for accomplishing distal movement of canines without losing posterior anchorage. An accepted method in canine retraction is the use of headgear with J hooks. Since it incorporates extraoral anchorage, it is most effective in maximum-anchorage cases. It was the purpose of this study to analyze the distribution of force transmitted to the alveolus and surrounding structures by means of photoelastic visualization, utilizing J hook headgear for maxillary canine retraction. A three-dimensional model representing a human skull was used. This model was constructed with different birefringent materials to simulate bone, teeth, and periodontal membranes. Three different vectors of force were applied representing high-, medium-, and low-pull headgear, which were placed at angles of 40, 20, and 0 degrees to the occlusal plane. The photoelastic analysis was made by means of a circular-transmission polariscope arrangement, and the photoelastic data were recorded photographically. The stress areas created by the three different vectors of force were associated with various degrees of canine tipping. This effect was greater with the low-pull force component than with the medium-pull traction. The high-pull headgear produced the least tipping tendency, being closer to a bodily movemment effect. Further, stresses were transmitted to deeper structures of the simulated facial bones; these regions were the frontozygomatic, zygomaticomaxillary, and zygomaticotemporal sutures.

  7. A novel bocavirus in canine liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Linlin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bocaviruses are classified as a genus within the Parvoviridae family of single-stranded DNA viruses and are pathogenic in some mammalian species. Two species have been previously reported in dogs, minute virus of canines (MVC, associated with neonatal diseases and fertility disorders; and Canine bocavirus (CBoV, associated with respiratory disease. Findings In this study using deep sequencing of enriched viral particles from the liver of a dog with severe hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, necrotizing vasculitis, granulomatous lymphadenitis and anuric renal failure, we identified and characterized a novel bocavirus we named Canine bocavirus 3 (CnBoV3. The three major ORFs of CnBoV3 (NS1, NP1 and VP1 shared less than 60% aa identity with those of other bocaviruses qualifying it as a novel species based on ICTV criteria. Inverse PCR showed the presence of concatemerized or circular forms of the genome in liver. Conclusions We genetically characterized a bocavirus in a dog liver that is highly distinct from prior canine bocaviruses found in respiratory and fecal samples. Its role in this animal’s complex disease remains to be determined.

  8. Kissing mandibular canines: Serendipity at its best

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonali Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Transmigration of teeth is a relatively less well known phenomenon. Its etiology is not so well understood. We present a case of bilateral transmigration of mandibular canines with a type 5 classification pattern (Muparappu in a 21 year old male patient with emphasis on its etiology and complications accompanying its management.

  9. Transobturator or retropublic passage tension-free vaginal tape for 254 female patients with stress urinary incontinence%经闭孔或耻骨后无张力阴道吊带术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪莉; 许学先; 詹炳炎

    2008-01-01

    This study was to retrospectively report the clinical effects of retropublic passage tension free vaginal tape(TVT)vs.transobturator tape(TVT-O)on 254 female patients with stress urinary incontinence(SUI).Our findings showed that mean operative time was significantly lower in TVT-O group than that in TVT group[(19±4)min vs.(27±6)min;P<0.05].Perioperative complications were more commonly seen in the retropubic procedure(2.9% vs.8.8%;P<0.01).There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss[(19±6)ml vs.(31±8)ml in TVT-O or TVT groups;P>0.05]and in-hospital stay[(4.1±1.5)d vs.(4.5±1.8)d in TVT-O or TvT groups;P>0.05]between the two groups.Grouts-Blaivas Score demonstrated that those two treatment groups did not differ significantly in 24-hour(93.6% vs.91.2%;P>0.05)or long-term postoperative cure rate(94.5% vs.94.3%;P>0.05).We suggested that TVT or TVT-O seemed to be equally effective in surgical treatment of SUI.However,TVT-O had advantage of relatively lower overall perioperative complication rate.%回顾性分析254例女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)患者行经闭孔无张力阴道吊带术(TVT-O)或经耻骨后无张力阴道吊带术(TVT)的疗效.结果显示TVT-O组与TVT组相比,手术时间明显缩短[(19±4)min,(27±6)min;P<0.01]、并发症明显减少(2.9%,8.8%;P<0.01);术中出血[(19±6)ml,(31±8)ml]、住院时间[(4.1±1.5)d,(4.5±1.8)d]、Grouts-Blaivas评分法评定的术后24 h(93.6%,91.2%)和末次随访治愈率(94.5%,94.3%)差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).提示两种方法均为治疗女性SUI的有效方法,但TVT-O并发症明显减少.

  10. 两种闭孔路径尿道中段悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的Meta分析%Inside-out versus transobturator-tape in the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence: a meta-analysis of effectiveness and complications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周全; 宋岩峰; 罗龙华; 范水秀; 吴志芬

    2013-01-01

    To assess the effectiveness and safety of " inside-out" (TVT-O) vs." outside-in" transobturator-tape procedures (TOT) in the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI).A total of 8 randomized controlled trials were retrieved from the literature and analyzed by metaanalysis with RevMan 5.0 software.Meta-analysis showed that no statistical differences existed in objective cure rate,objective failure,postoperative voiding dysfunction,groin/thigh pain and sling exposure in both procedures (P > 0.05).These preliminary results suggest there is no evidence of significant differences in the efficacy and safety between TVT-O and TOT.%采用RevMan 5.0软件,对1996年11月至2012年5月国内外正式刊载的8篇闭孔路径尿道中段悬吊术治疗女性压力性尿失禁的随机对照研究进行Meta分析,结果显示,“由外向内”闭孔路径吊带手术(TOT)对“由内向外”经闭孔吊带手术(TVT-O)的客观治愈率(RR=1.01,95% CI:0.96 ~ 1.06)、客观失败率(RR=0.99,95%CI:0.46~2.11)、术后排空障碍(RR =0.94,95% CI:0.56 ~ 1.57)、大腿内侧疼痛(RR =0.80,95% CI:0.53 ~ 1.20)及吊带暴露(RR =2.80,95% CI:0.97 ~8.14)发生率差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).提示两种手术治疗压力性尿失禁短期疗效和安全性相当.

  11. Bladder smooth muscle cells on electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone)/poly(l-lactic acid) scaffold promote bladder regeneration in a canine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakhssalim, Nasser; Soleimani, Masoud; Dehghan, Mohammad M; Rasouli, Javad; Taghizadeh-Jahed, Masoud; Torbati, Peyman M; Naji, Mohammad

    2017-06-01

    Engineering of urinary bladder has been the focus of numerous studies in recent decade. Novel biomaterials, innovative fabrication methods and various modification processes of scaffolds are the critical issues to find supportive matrices. Supportive characteristics of electrospun PCL/PLLA nano-scaffold for bladder augmentation in canine model and the role of bladder cells in regeneration process were appraised. Electrospun PCL/PLLA was fabricated by co-electrospinning of PCL and PLLA. Bladder cells were isolated and transduced with lentiviral particles encoding eGFP and JRed proteins. Electrospun PCL/PLLA was seeded with different bladder cells individually or in co-culture condition. Cell-free and cell-seeded electrospun PCL/PLLA scaffolds (10cm(2)) were surgically implanted in bladders of eight female dogs for three months. To evaluate bladder regeneration, the dogs were sacrificed and their bladders were examined macroscopically and microscopically for presence of tracking proteins, expression of cell-specific markers and histological attributes of regenerated tissues. All animals survived the experiment with no complication. In smooth muscle transplanted group complete regeneration and covering of scaffold were observed. Other groups revealed partial regeneration. A well-developed layer of urothelium was formed in all groups in regenerated parts. Smooth muscle transplanted group showed the most developed muscle layer. Regenerated tissue demonstrated typical expression of cell-specific markers. No expression of eGFP and JRed was observed. Electrospun PCL/PLLA scaffold with proper handling, suture retention, nano-sized surface features, maintenance of normal phenotype of cells and minimal adverse effects in body can be a supportive substrate for bladder wall regeneration when seeded with bladder smooth muscle cells. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for Kids for Teens Kids Home How the Body Works Puberty & Growing Up Staying Healthy Recipes & Cooking ... that leads from your bladder out of your body. Ahhh! That feels better. continue Urinary Tract Troubles ...

  13. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Your pee smells bad. These things happen because bacteria have caused an infection somewhere in your urinary ... shorter than boys' urethras. The shorter urethra means bacteria can get up into the bladder more easily ...

  14. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Ahhh! That feels better. continue Urinary Tract Troubles Girls are more likely than boys to get a ... away properly, they stay on your skin. In girls, this means they can grow near the opening ...

  15. Candida Urinary Tract Infection: Pathogenesis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    John F. Fisher; Kevin Kavanagh; Jack D. Sobel; Carol A. Kauffman; Cheryl A. Newman

    2011-01-01

    Candida species are unusual causes of urinary tract infection (UTI) in healthy individuals, but common in the hospital setting or among patients with predisposing diseases and structural abnormalities of the kidney and collecting system...

  16. URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN ADULTS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    Uncomplicated UTI describes infection where the urinary tract is entirely nor- mal. ... Asymptomatic UTI is identified when organisms can be isolated in appropriate numbers from urine in ..... which can lead to preterm labour, pre- maturity and ...

  17. Urinary Tract Infections (For Kids)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Your pee smells bad. These things happen because bacteria have caused an infection somewhere in your urinary ... shorter than boys' urethras. The shorter urethra means bacteria can get up into the bladder more easily ...

  18. Urinary Tract Infections in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Palermo JJ, Schilling JD, et al. Intracellular bacterial biofilm-like pods in urinary tract infections. Science. 2003; ... for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1-888- ...

  19. Prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities among adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Mohamed; Boraie, Maher

    2016-05-01

    To determine the prevalence of asymptomatic urinary abnormalities in adolescents, first morning clean mid-stream urine specimens were obtained from 2500 individuals and examined by dipstick and light microscopy. Adolescents with abnormal screening results were reexamined after two weeks and those who had abnormal results twice were subjected to systemic clinical examination and further clinical and laboratory investigations. Eight hundred and three (32.1%) individuals had urinary abnormalities at the first screening, which significantly decreased to 345 (13.8%) at the second screening, (P adolescents who had persistent urine abnormalities; 228 (9.1%) individuals had non glomerular hematuria. The hematuria was isolated in 150 (6%) individuals, combined with leukocyturia in 83 (3.3%) individuals, and combined with proteinuria in 12 (0.5%) individuals. Leukocyturia was detected in 150 (6%) of all studied adolescents; it was isolated in 39 (1.6%) individuals and combined with proteinuria in 28 (1.1%) of them. Asymptomatic bacteriuria was detected in 23 (0.9%) of all studied adolescents; all the cases were females. Proteinuria was detected in 65 (2.6%) of all the studied adolescents; 45 (1.8%) individuals had adolescents from rural than urban areas (P adolescents in our population.

  20. Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of urinary tract pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khameneh Zakieh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Microbial drug resistance is a major problem in the treatment of infectious diseases worldwide. The purpose of this survey is to determine the prevalence of the type of bacterial agents that cause urinary infection and to assess the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in the Urmia Medical University, Iran. In the period between 2005 and 2006, urine cultures collected were analyzed. Positive culture was defined as growth of a single bacterial species with colony count of > 100,000 CFU/mL. Stratification was done according to age-group and gender. Statistical tests used included chi-square to evaluate differences between susceptibility rates. A total of 803 urine culture positive patients were studied of whom 81.6% were females and 18.4% were males. The common micro-organisms isolated were E. coli (78.58%, Klebsiella (5.48%, Proteus and Staphylococcus. About 89% of the E. coli isolated showed sensitivity to cephtizoxin, 83.9% to gentamycin and 83.2% to ciprofloxacin; the highest resistance was shown to ampicillin and co-trimoxazole. Surveys of this nature will give a clear idea about the bacteriologic profile in a given institution as well their antibiotic sensitivity profile. This will act as a guide to commencing empirical antibiotic treatment in patients with urinary infections until such time culture reports are available.

  1. Granular cell tumors of the urinary bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayani Naila

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Granular cell tumors (GCTs are extremely rare lesions of the urinary bladder with only nine cases being reported in world literature of which one was malignant. Generally believed to be of neural origin based on histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural studies; they mostly follow a clinically benign course but are commonly mistaken for malignant tumors since they are solid looking, ulcerated tumors with ill-defined margins. Materials and methods We herein report two cases of GCTs, one benign and one malignant, presenting with gross hematuria in a 14- and a 47-year-old female, respectively. Results Histopathology revealed characteristic GCTs with positive immunostaining for neural marker (S-100 and negative immunostaining for epithelial (cytokeratin, Cam 5.2, AE/A13, neuroendocrine (neuron specific enolase, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin and sarcoma (desmin, vimentin markers. The benign tumor was successfully managed conservatively with transurethral resection alone while for the malignant tumor, radical cystectomy, hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, anterior vaginectomy, plus lymph node dissection was done. Both cases show long-term disease free survival. Conclusion We recommend careful pathologic assessment for establishing the appropriate diagnosis and either a conservative or aggressive surgical treatment for benign or localized malignant GCT of the urinary bladder, respectively.

  2. Reliability of Urinary Excretion Rate Adjustment in Measurements of Hippuric Acid in Urine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Nicolli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The urinary excretion rate is calculated based on short-term, defined time sample collections with a known sample mass, and this measurement can be used to remove the variability in urine concentrations due to urine dilution. Adjustment to the urinary excretion rate of hippuric acid was evaluated in 31 healthy volunteers (14 males and 17 females. Urine was collected as short-term or spot samples and tested for specific gravity, creatinine and hippuric acid. Hippuric acid values were unadjusted or adjusted to measurements of specific gravity, creatinine or urinary excretion rate. Hippuric acid levels were partially independent of urinary volume and urinary flow rate, in contrast to specific gravity and creatinine, which were both highly dependent on the hippuric acid level. Accordingly, hippuric acid was independent on urinary specific gravity and creatinine excretion. Unadjusted and adjusted values for specific gravity or creatinine were generally closely correlated, especially in spot samples. Values adjusted to the urinary excretion rate appeared well correlated to those unadjusted and adjusted to specific gravity or creatinine values. Thus, adjustment of crude hippuric acid values to the urinary excretion rate is a valid procedure but is difficult to apply in the field of occupational medicine and does not improve the information derived from values determined in spot urine samples, either unadjusted or adjusted to specific gravity and creatinine.

  3. Metastatic canine mammary carcinomas can be identified by a gene expression profile that partly overlaps with human breast cancer profiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hummel Michael

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Similar to human breast cancer mammary tumors of the female dog are commonly associated with a fatal outcome due to the development of distant metastases. However, the molecular defects leading to metastasis are largely unknown and the value of canine mammary carcinoma as a model for human breast cancer is unclear. In this study, we analyzed the gene expression signatures associated with mammary tumor metastasis and asked for parallels with the human equivalent. Methods Messenger RNA expression profiles of twenty-seven lymph node metastasis positive or negative canine mammary carcinomas were established by microarray analysis. Differentially expressed genes were functionally characterized and associated with molecular pathways. The findings were also correlated with published data on human breast cancer. Results Metastatic canine mammary carcinomas had 1,011 significantly differentially expressed genes when compared to non-metastatic carcinomas. Metastatic carcinomas had a significant up-regulation of genes associated with cell cycle regulation, matrix modulation, protein folding and proteasomal degradation whereas cell differentiation genes, growth factor pathway genes and regulators of actin organization were significantly down-regulated. Interestingly, 265 of the 1,011 differentially expressed canine genes are also related to human breast cancer and, vice versa, parts of a human prognostic gene signature were identified in the expression profiles of the metastatic canine tumors. Conclusions Metastatic canine mammary carcinomas can be discriminated from non-metastatic carcinomas by their gene expression profiles. More than one third of the differentially expressed genes are also described of relevance for human breast cancer. Many of the differentially expressed genes are linked to functions and pathways which appear to be relevant for the induction and maintenance of metastatic progression and may represent new therapeutic

  4. [Urinary albumin fragmentation and immunoreactivity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurihara, Yuriko; Nishimaki, Junichi; Nakajima, Toshie; Ida, Takashi; Shiba, Kiyoko

    2009-02-01

    Urinary albumin (ALB) has been measured as a marker for the early detection of diabetic nephropathy. In 2004, Comper et al. developed a gel-filtration high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) procedure for the determination of urinary ALB. They demonstrated the presence in its albumin fraction of non immunoreactive ALB with the total molecular weight of a monomeric ALB that was non-reactive with the existing anti-ALB antibody, and reported that the level of urinary non-immunoreactive ALB was higher in diabetic patients than in normal subjects. In this study, we isolated urinary ALB from diabetic patients using an anti-ALB antibody-coupled affinity column to test its immunoreactivity. In some diabetic patients, the results of HPLC and turbidimetric immunoassay for urinary ALB were discrepant. Western blot analysis showed that ALB samples from such patients were contaminated with proteins other than ALB, and contained ALB, whose molecular weight became lower using a reductive procedure. In addition, the reactivity of ALB with anti-ALB antibody differed depending on whether it was in a reduced or non-reduced state. These results indicate that ALB in such patients is susceptible to structural changes due to disease-induced urinary factors and, thus, their urine contains ALB with an altered reactivity to antibody.

  5. Deciduous canine and permanent lateral incisor differential root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, K R; Schneider, G B; Southard, T E; Hillis, S L; Wertz, P W; Finkelstein, M; Hogan, M M

    2001-10-01

    When a permanent maxillary canine erupts apical to the permanent lateral incisor and the deciduous canine, resorption typically takes place only on the deciduous canine root. An understanding of this differential resorption could provide insight into the reasons for excessive iatrogenic root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. The purpose of the present study was to examine the response of roots of permanent lateral incisors and deciduous canines to simulated resorption, and to acid and enzyme attack, reflecting the physiologic environment of an erupting permanent canine. Groups of maxillary permanent lateral incisor and deciduous canine roots were exposed to 5 combinations of Ten Cate demineralizing solution, Ten Cate demineralizing solution with EDTA, and a Type I collagenase solution. Sections of the roots were examined under a polarized light microscope. Analysis of variation of the resulting root lesions demonstrated that the lesion depths for deciduous canines were greater than those for permanent lateral incisors when averaged across 4 of the conditions (F(1,24) = 7.49, P =.0115). On average, deciduous canine roots demonstrated lesions 10% deeper than did permanent lateral incisor roots. We concluded that when deciduous canine and permanent lateral incisor roots are subjected to acid and enzyme attack, reflecting the physiologic environment of an erupting permanent canine, significantly deeper demineralized lesions are seen in the deciduous roots compared with the permanent roots. This finding may partially explain the differential root resorption during permanent tooth eruption.

  6. Ethiology of urinary tract infections in male

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Pirali

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study is based on data from 4317 positive urine cultures collected at S. Orsola, Fondazione Poliambulanza Hospital of Brescia (Italy from 2007 to 2009.The patient group was heterogeneous and included in- and outpatients of both gender, ranging in age from 1 to 99 years. E. coli was the most frequently pathogen isolated in all the urine cultures independently from age or sex. Our findings differ from those of a similar study made in the U.S.A., where Enterococcus (Group D Streptococcus was the most frequently isolated pathogen in the urine cultures of the male subjects. These results suggest to maintain an identical empirical therapy in male and female because the most frequently isolated bacteria responsible of urinary tract infections are Gram negative.

  7. [Urinary incontinence and obesity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legendre, G; Fritel, X; Capmas, P; Pourcelot, A-G; Fernandez, H

    2012-06-01

    Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) more than or equal to 30kg/m(2), promotes pelvic floor disorders such as urinary incontinence (UI) and genital prolapse. Datas from cohort studies found an association between high BMI and the onset of UI. This association seems to be predominant with for mixed UI and stress UI. For the urge UI and overactive bladder syndrome, the analysis of the literature found a weaker association. The weight is therefore the only modifiable risk factor. Thus, the weight loss by a hypocaloric diet associated with pelvic floor muscle training should be the front line treatment in the obese patient suffering from UI. Bariatric surgery can be discussed in the most obese patient, even if the risk/benefit balance should be weighed because of significant morbidity of this surgery. The results of sub urethral sling (by retropubic tension-free vaginal tape or transobturator sling) in obese patients appear to be equivalent to those obtained in patients of normal weight. Datas on per- and postoperative complications for suburethral slings are reassuring.

  8. TVT-O及TVT治疗老年女性压力性尿失禁的临床疗效比较%Clinical comparison on efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape and transobturator tension-free vaginal tape in old female patients with stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈泽波; 来永庆; 史本涛; 魏本林; 李文华; 关志忱

    2012-01-01

    目的 比较经闭孔经阴道尿道中段无张力悬吊术(TVT-O)和经耻骨后经阴道尿道中段无张力悬吊术(TVT)治疗老年女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的临床疗效.方法 67例老年女性压力性尿失禁患者分别行TVT手术及TVT-O手术治疗,术后使用Grouts-Blaivas评分法评价治疗效果,采用自制问卷进行手术前及手术后3月、1年的生活质量进行评定,并对TVT手术及TVT-O手术的手术时间和出血量进行比较.结果 两种方法的临床疗效及并发症比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);手术后患者心理健康、生理健康、社会活动均有明显的改善(P<0.01).两种方法在手术时间和术中出血量方面的差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 TVT-O及TVT治疗老年女性压力性尿失禁的安全有效性相似,均能有效地提高老年女性患者的生活质量.但是在手术时间和术中出血量上:TVT-O优于TVT.%Objective To compare the outcome of surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence ( SUI ) with tension - free vaginal tape ( TVT ) and transobturator tension - free vaginal tape ( TVT - 0 ) and to estimate the change in life quality of old female patients with SUI before and after surgical treatment. Meanwhile, the time and volume of blood loss in operation were compared. Methods A total of 67 women with SUI were assigned to undergo either TVT or TVT - 0 surgery. Therapeutic effect was evaluated according to classification of Grouts - Blaivas outcome scores. The evaluation of change in life quality before and after surgical treatment was based on the influence of incontinence to quality of life in stress (I - QOL ). Results Both TVT and TVT - 0 have advantages of reliability and mini - invasiveness. The efficacy of TVT is similar to that of TVT - 0 ( P >0.05 ). After operation, the status of mental health, physiological health, social activity and family condition of patients had been improved respectively ( allP <0.0l), expect their

  9. 单切口可调节AjustTM吊带治疗女性压力性尿失禁初步研究%Initial study with the AjustTM system: a single incision adjustable sling for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪培; 任选义; 魏金星; 王智勇; 江雪霞; 刘建华

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Ajust system for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence(SUI). Method: From Sep 2012 to Oct 2012, 14 consecutive subjects were enrolled in the study. The age ranged from 38-68 years, the course of disease ranged from 1-5 years, parity ranged from 1-4 times,BM1 ranged from 20. 8-33. 9 kg/m2,the scores of ICI-Q-SF ranged from 7-15, the ALPP ranged from 3. 53-11. 86 kPa. And the Qmax ranged from 24-35 ml/s. All patients with primary urodynamic SUI were prospectively selected to receive the adjustable single incision Ajust Procedure, the clinical data was recorded and analyzed, included objective and subjective cure rate and operative complications. Result: The operative duration was 11-36 mins, the blood loss ranged from 15-45 ml. During the operation, 1 case of Fixed anchor of Ajust Was broke, there no bladder or urethral injury, no intestinal or vaginal injury, no perineum haematoma or incision infection, no voiding dysfunction or de novo urgency appeared. Only 2 cases of thigh pain occurred, which relieved by corresponding management. According to the definition of cure that deem to the disappear of incontinence and negative cough test. All of the 14 cases SUI were cured. With a follow-up from 1 to 5 weeks, no one recurrence. Conclusion; The adjustable single incision Ajust System was a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of female SUI and with fewer complications, the efficacy of Ajust Was good in a short-term follow-up.%目的:评估AjustTM吊带手术治疗女性压力性尿失禁(SUI)的安全性和疗效.方法:2012年9~10月共收集SUI患者14例,年龄38~68岁,病程1~5年,分娩1~4次.BMI20.8~33.9 kg/m2,国际尿失禁咨询委员会尿失禁问卷表简表(ICI Q-SF)评分7~15分,腹腔漏尿点压(ALPP)3.53~11.86 kPa,最大尿流率(Qmax)24~35 ml/s.应用单切口可调节AjustTM吊带系统进行治疗,记录并分析所有患者的临床资料,包括治愈率

  10. Neovascularization in canine mammary carcinoma – a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Irimie

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The frequency of mammary tumors in canines is three times higher than in women. Contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS is a noninvasive clinical method, that uses special contrast agents (CAs, their role being to layout the microvasculature of different lesions. The aim of this particular method, in this case, was to establish if we can evaluate the malignancy of a mass, given the fact that neovascularization is a malignancy marker. The case is represented by a Silky Terrier breed female dog, 5 years old, that was presented initially with an enlarged polycystic mammary gland and a nervous lactation. The female was initially diagnosed with polycystic mastosis. After 2 more months the mass became denser and enlarged. Before the ovariohisterectomy and unilateral mastectomy surgeries have taken place, a B-Mode standard ultrasound, CEUS and a pulmonary X-ray were performed. Our results integrate this case in “fast in” and “slow in” (type 2 curve. The histological diagnosis was established as a simple cystic papillary carcinoma with a malignancy grade 2. The mean value of the MVD was 13.75 which is a low MVD. We cannot determine a correlation between CEUS and a tumor’s malignancy, and so further studies are needed.

  11. Survivin expression in canine epidermis and in canine and human cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongiovanni, Laura; Colombi, Isabella; Fortunato, Carmine; Della Salda, Leonardo

    2009-10-01

    Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, is ubiquitously expressed during tissue development, undetectable in most normal tissues, but re-expressed in most cancers, including skin malignancies. Expression of survivin was evaluated retrospectively in 19 canine cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs; one in situ; 16 well differentiated; one invasive, one lymph node metastasis) and 19 well differentiated SCCs from human beings. Seven specimens of normal canine skin were included. Immunohistochemical expression of full-length survivin was determined using a commercially available antibody. In addition, apoptotic rate [Terminal deoxynucleotidyl Transferase Biotin-dUTP Nick End Labelling index (TUNEL) index] and mitotic index (MI), counting mitoses in 10 high power fields (HPF), were determined. Scattered survivin positive nuclei were identified in the epidermal basal cell layer of normal canine skin. Nuclear survivin expression was identified in 18 of 19 human and in all canine SCCs, mainly along the base of the tumour cell population. Cytoplasmic survivin expression was rarely observed in human SCCs and in 84.2% of canine SCCs. The TUNEL index ranged from 0.1 to 2.6 in human beings and from 7.5 to 69.4 in dogs, while MIs ranged from 0 to 4 in human beings and dogs. No correlation was found between survivin expression and apoptotic or mitotic rates. Canine and human tumours showed similar nuclear survivin expression, indicating similar functions of the molecule. We demonstrated survivin expression in normal adult canine epidermis. Increased nuclear survivin expression in pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions demonstrates a possible association of survivin with development of SCCs in human beings and dogs.

  12. Molecular imaging of cyclooxygenase-2 in canine transitional cell carcinomas in vitro and in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cekanova, Maria; Uddin, Md Jashim; Bartges, Joseph W; Callens, Amanda; Legendre, Alfred M; Rathore, Kusum; Wright, Laura; Carter, Amanda; Marnett, Lawrence J

    2013-05-01

    The enzyme COX-2 is induced at high levels in tumors but not in surrounding normal tissues, which makes it an attractive target for molecular imaging of cancer. We evaluated the ability of novel optical imaging agent, fluorocoxib A to detect urinary bladder canine transitional cell carcinomas (K9TCC). Here, we show that fluorocoxib A uptake overlapped with COX-2 expression in primary K9TCC cells in vitro. Using subcutaneously implanted primary K9TCC in athymic mice, we show specific uptake of fluorocoxib A by COX-2-expressing K9TCC xenograft tumors in vivo. Fluorocoxib A uptake by COX-2-expressing xenograft tumors was blocked by 70% (P dogs diagnosed with TCC. Fluorocoxib A specifically detected COX-2-expressing K9TCC during cystoscopy in vivo but was not detected in normal urothelium. Taken together, our findings show that fluorocoxib A selectively bound to COX-2-expressing primary K9TCC cells in vitro, COX-2-expressing K9TCC xenografts tumors in nude mice, and heterogeneous canine TCC during cystoscopy in vivo. Spontaneous cancers in companion animals offer a unique translational model for evaluation of novel imaging and therapeutic agents using primary cancer cells in vitro and in heterogeneous cancers in vivo.

  13. Reconstruction of the canine pelvic nerve and its application to bladder transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kihara, K; Sato, K; Kageyama, Y; Inoue, Y

    2001-01-01

    The pelvic nerve (PN) plays a crucial role in control of bladder function. However, repair of the PN during operation or transplantation of the urinary bladder preserving PN control has never been reported. This study was undertaken to explore the possibilities of restoring PN function to the canine bladder after PN-PN reattachment and of transplanting the bladder while preserving PN function. Responses of the bladder to electrical stimulation of the PN were examined in dogs that had undergone PN-PN reattachment or auto-transplantation of the bladder with PN-PN reattachment. Cystometry was performed in dogs that had undergone bladder transplantation. Eighteen months after unilateral PN-PN reattachment, stimulation of each of five PNs sutured in five dogs elicited elevation of bladder pressure. Twelve months after bilateral PN-PN reattachments in five dogs, eight of 10 PNs stimulated elicited elevation of bladder pressure. Three of five dogs that had undergone auto-transplantation of the bladder showed a long survival. Nine months after the operation, each of the six PNs stimulated in the three dogs elicited elevation of bladder pressure. Voiding reflex was observed in two of the three dogs on cystometry. All the 13 dogs examined above preserved sufficient bladder capacity and all but one demonstrated small volume of residual urine. The above results indicate that the function of the PN to the canine bladder can be restored after PN-PN reattachment and that transplantation of the bladder preserving control of the PN is possible.

  14. 2种无张力尿道悬吊术对女性压力性尿失禁疗效比较%Tension-free vaginal tape versus tension-free vaginal tape-obturator for female stress urinary incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫中庆; 罗锐; 沈百欣; 丁留成; 易超然; 于洪波; 孙则禹

    2012-01-01

    目的 经耻骨后阴道无张力尿道悬吊术((tension-free vaginal tape,TVT)和经闭孔阴道无张力尿道悬吊术(tension-free vaginal tape-obturator,TVT-O)是目前临床上常用的2种治疗女性压力性尿失禁(female stress urinary incontinence,FSUI)的手术方法,其疗效有差异,文中旨在探讨2种方法 治疗FSUI的有效性、安全性及并发症的处理.方法 210例FSUI患者中行TVT 98例(TVT组)、行TVT-O 112例(TVT-O组),术后随访6~48个月,平均(32.0±4.5)个月,比较2种手术方式的疗效和术中、术后并发症,评估两者的安全性和有效性.结果 2组患者治愈率比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);TVT-O组较TVT组手术时间短,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).TVT-O组术后有17例患者主诉大腿根部疼痛,TVT组有10例患者主诉耻骨上不适,口服维生素B1,局部热敷及微波治疗,1月后症状消失.TVT-O组有8例患者出现剧烈咳嗽时仍有少量尿液漏出;TVT组出现8例,嘱其进行盆底肌肉锻炼,3个月后症状好转.TVT组患者术中出现6例膀胱损伤,术后出现3例吊带侵蚀,4例排尿困难,TVT-O组出现5例吊带侵蚀.2组患者均未出现严重膀胱穿孔、阴道穿孔、吊带排异反应及伤口感染等并发症.结论 TVT和TVT-O均是治疗FSUI的有效手段,治愈率高,且TVT-O较TVT手术时间短,发生严重并发症的概率更小,操作简单、术后恢复快.%Objective Tension-free vaginal tape ( TVT ) and tension-free vaginal tape-obturator ( TVT-0 ) are two common methods for the clinical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence ( FSUI ), but differ in prognosis. This study is to investigate the efficacy, safety and complications of the two methods. Methods A total of 210 patients with FSUI were included in this study, 98 treated by TVT and the other 112 by TVT-0. We followed up the patients for 6 to 48 ( 32. 0 ±4. 5 ) months, and compared the two procedures in safety, efficacy and intra- and post

  15. 生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌锻炼与单纯盆底肌锻炼治疗女性压力性尿失禁效果的对比研究%A Comparative Study of the Effect of Biofeedback Electrical Stimulation Combined with Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises and Simple Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises on Female Stress Urinary Incontinence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁超; 马丽丽; 孙瑜

    2012-01-01

      目的比较生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌肉功能锻炼与单纯盆底肌肉功能锻炼治疗女性压力性尿失禁的疗效。方法将患有轻、中度压力性尿失禁的病人96例随机分为观察组与对照组,每组48例,观察组采用生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌肉功能锻炼法治疗,对照组仅采用盆底肌肉功能锻炼(即凯格尔运动)法治疗,治疗后比较两组有效率及生活质量的改善情况。结果两组病人经过治疗后,生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌肉功能锻炼治疗压力性尿失禁有效率及生活质量改善情况明显高于单纯盆底肌肉功能锻炼。结论生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌肉功能锻炼是预防及治疗女性轻、中度压力性尿失禁的有效方法。%  Objective To compare the curative effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle ex -ercises and simple pelvic floor muscle function exercise in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence .Methods Divide 96 patients with light or moderate stress urinary incontinence randomly into the observation group and control group with 48 cases in each group.The ob-servation group was treated with biofeedback electric stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises therapy ,while the control group only with pelvic floor muscle exercises (i.e.Kegel exercises).Then compare the efficiency and quality of life improvement between the two groups.Results After the treatment,the efficiency and improvement in life quality of the group treated with biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle functional exercise were obviously higher than that of the group treated simply with pelvic floor muscle exer -cise.Conclusion The biofeedback electrical stimulation therapy combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises is an effective method in the prevention and treatment of women's light or moderate stress urinary incontinence .

  16. A Rare Case of Bilateral Agenesis of Central Lower Incisors Associated With Upper Impacted Canine- A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porumb, Anca; Ignat Romanul, Ioana; Dalai, Camelia; Ciavoi, Gabiela; Tig, Ioan Andrei

    2016-03-01

    This case of a female patient, 14 yr old with association of the two anomalies, which we came across with in 2014, is rarely met in the specialty practice. The impacted canines are part of the group of dental anomalies of position, while the agenesis is part of the group of dental number anomalies. The orthodontic treatment in the two arches has to be differentiated, the therapeutic objectives being, also different in the two arches.

  17. La incontinencia urinaria Urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Robles

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La incontinencia urinaria, entendida como cualquier pérdida involuntaria de orina, constituye un problema médico y social importante. Puede clasificarse en incontinencia urinaria de esfuerzo, incontinencia urinaria de urgencia e incontinencia urinaria mixta, principalmente. Las proporciones de estos tres tipos principales de incontinencia urinaria son difíciles de establecer y varían notablemente según las fuentes, pero, podrían estar en torno a 40, 33 y 20%, respectivamente. Su diagnóstico requiere una correcta historia clínica y exploración física, junto con algunas exploraciones complementarias. El primer escalón terapéutico lo constituyen las medidas higiénico-dietéticas y las técnicas de modificación de la conducta. El tratamiento farmacológico es específico para cada tipo de incontinencia urinaria, utilizándose anticolinérgicos e inhibidores de la recaptación de serotonina. Por último, las diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas tienen su papel ante el fracaso de los tratamientos conservadores o frente a incontinencia urinaria severa.Urinary incontinence, understood as any involuntary loss of urine, constitutes an important medical and social problem. It can be classified as stress urinary incontinence, urgent urinary incontinence or mixed urinary incontinence. The proportions of these three types of urinary incontinence are difficult to establish and vary notably between sources, but they might be about 40, 33 and 20% respectively. Its diagnosis requires a correct clinical history and physical exploration, together with some complementary explorations. The first therapeutic step consists of hygienic-dietary measures and behaviour modification techniques. Pharmacological treatment is specific for each type of urinary incontinence, using anticholinergics and inhibitors of serotonin reuptake. Finally, different surgical techniques have a role in cases where conservative treatments fail or when dealing with severe urinary

  18. Lymphatic territories (lymphosomes in a canine: an animal model for investigation of postoperative lymphatic alterations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroo Suami

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Lymph node dissection is often performed as a part of surgical treatment for breast cancer and malignant melanoma to prevent malignant cells from traveling via the lymphatic system. Currently little is known about postoperative lymphatic drainage pattern alterations. This knowledge may be useful for management of recurrent cancer and prevention of breast cancer related lymphedema. We mapped the complete superficial lymphatic system of a dog and used this canine model to perform preliminary studies of lymphatic architectural changes in postoperative condition. METHODS: Lymphatic territories (lymphosomes were mapped with 4 female mongrel carcasses using an indocyanine green (ICG fluorescent lymphography and a radiographic microinjection technique. Two live dogs were then subjected to unilateral lymph node dissection of lymph basins of the forelimb, and ICG lymphography and lymphangiogram were performed 6 months after the surgery to investigate lymphatic changes. Lymphatic patterns in the carcass were then compared with postoperative lymphatic patterns in the live dogs. RESULTS: Ten lymphosomes were identified, corresponding with ten lymphatic basins. Postoperative fluorescent lymphographic images and lymphangiograms in the live dogs revealed small caliber lymphatic network fulfilling gaps in the surgical area and collateral lymphatic vessels arising from the network connecting to lymph nodes in the contralateral and ipsilateral neck in one dog and the ipsilateral subclavicular vein in another dog. CONCLUSION: Our canine lymphosome map allowed us to observe lymphatic collateral formations after lymph node dissection in live dogs. This canine model may help clarify our understanding of postoperative lymphatic changes in humans in future studies.

  19. Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis in Boyer Ahmad District, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, Southwest of Iran

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    V Barati

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mediterranean type of visceral leishmaniasis (VL is present in different parts of Iran. Several studies have identified dogs as the main reservoirs of the VL caused by Leishmania infantum in Iran and other Mediterranean regions. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis as animal reservoir host for human visceral leishmaniasis in Boyer Ahmad dis­trict in southwest of Iran.Methods: A seroepidemiological study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL among ownership dogs by using direct agglutination test (DAT in 23 of 182 villages of Boyer Ahmad district, during August 2009 to August 2010. One hundred and seventy serum samples from ownership dogs were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling in villages of Boyer Ahmad district. All samples were tested by DAT and anti-Leishmania antibodies titers at ≥ 1:320 was considered as positive.Results: Of the 170 serum samples, 10% were positive by DAT at titers of 1:320 and higher. No statistical significant difference was found between male (10.7% and female (8.3% seroprevalence. The highest seroprevalence rate (15.1% was observed among the ownership dogs of four to seven years age. Altogether, seventeen (25.4% of the seropositive dogs had clinical signs and symptoms.Conclusion: It seems that Boyer Ahmad district is an endemic area for canine visceral leishmaniasis in Iran.

  20. Canine struvite urolithiasis: problems and their dissolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, C A; Klausner, J S; Krawiec, D R; Griffith, D P

    1981-08-01

    Struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) uroliths are found more frequently in the urinary tracts, of dogs than are other types of uroliths. Infection of the urinary tract with urease-producing bacteria, especially staphylococci, plays an important role in urolith formation. An inherited predisposition to urinary tract infection may be associated with the high rat of occurrence of struvite uroliths in some dogs. Diagnosis of struvite urolithiasis should encompass analysis of the mineral composition of calculi and identification of concomitant urinary tract infection. Since urinary tract infections occur as sequelae to abnormalities in local or systemic host-defense mechanisms, appropriate effort should be directed toward detection of these abnormalities. Therapy of struvite urolithiasis should encompass relief of obstruction to outflow when necessary, elimination of existing calculi, eradication or control of urinary tract infection, and prevention of recurrence. Although surgical removal remains as the preferred method to eliminate struvite uroliths from dogs, nonsurgical methods of urolith dissolution should be considered. Recurrence of struvite uroliths may be prevented by various combinations of antimicrobial therapy, administration of urease inhibitors, acidification of urine, and induction of diuresis.