WorldWideScience

Sample records for factors influencing research

  1. Contextual factors influencing research use in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Beverley

    2005-01-01

    Contextual factors are perceived to be significant barriers to research-utilisation-related activity, but little is known about how context impacts on specific research-based decisions, or how the individual interacts with the organisation in the requirement for research-based change. This study describes the impact of contextual factors on the practical reasoning of nurse specialists in the construction of policy for practice. Three groups of clinical nurse specialists were observed during a series of meetings convened to construct evidence-based guidelines for nursing practice. Transcripts of the meetings were analysed to identify and categorise the physical, social, political, and economic influences on 31 nursing issues. Multiple contextual factors influenced each decision made, with decisions about nursing practice bounded by setting and system considerations, relationships with others in the care team, and resource constraints. Practitioners were involved in weighing up alternative scenarios, contexts, and contingencies for each decision, requiring strategies to adapt and reconstruct the nature of care, to influence others, and to affect organisational decision-making processes. The practical accomplishment of evidence-based practice required diverse skills: translating between evidence and practice; mediating the values, preferences, and working practices of multiple stakeholders; negotiating organisational complexity and the management of boundaries; and coordinating inter-organisational and inter-agency working. Nurse specialists in this study had a significant role in instigating, fuelling, and coordinating policy review, predominantly by communication across professional and organisational boundaries. Clinical specialists acting as organisational boundary spanners require skills in the informal cultural work of organising, facilitating, and maintaining links across professional, team, and organisational boundaries. If their role in the negotiation of

  2. Factors influencing nurses' participation in clinical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Ann F; Warner, Andrea M; Fleming, Eileen; Schmidt, Bruce

    2008-01-01

    Clinical research is necessary for developing nursing's body of knowledge and improving the quality of gastroenterology nursing care. The support and participation of nursing staff are crucial to conducting interventional research. Identification of characteristics of nurses and their work settings that facilitate or impede participation in research is needed. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to examine the effect of personal and professional characteristics and attitudes about nursing research on staff nurses' participation in a clinical nursing research project. A questionnaire measuring nurses' attitudes, perceptions of availability of support, and research use was distributed to staff nurses working on an endoscopy lab and two same-day surgery units where a nursing research study had recently been conducted. Investigator-developed items measured nurses' attitudes about the utility and feasibility of the interventions tested in the original study. A total of 36 usable questionnaires comprised the sample. Factor analysis of the two questionnaires resulted in three-factor (Importance of Research, Interest in Research, and Environment Support of Research) and two-factor (Value of Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions [CBIs] and Participation in Study) solutions, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in mean scores for the five factors between nurses who did (n = 19) and those who did not (n = 17) participate in the original study. The Participation in Research Factor was significantly negatively correlated with years in nursing (r = -.336, p body of knowledge about factors that facilitate or impede staff nurses' involvement in research. This knowledge will be useful for nurse researchers planning intervention studies to forecast and foster staff nurse involvement in their projects. Findings may also be useful to nurse managers, nurse educators, and staff development personnel in assessing and promoting staff nurses

  3. [Factors influencing research activity of Andalusian nurses and improvement strategies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López Alonso, Sergio R; Gálvez González, María; Amezcua, Manuel

    2013-04-01

    To identify factors influencing research activity of Andalusian nurses and to find improvement strategies. Qualitative research using SWOT analysis (weaknesses, threats, strengths, opportunities). Nurses were selected deliberately in eight groups according to predetermined criteria. Analysis included categorization and relationship of factors and strategies. 81 participants were included in groups of 7-12 range. 45 categories were identified with 212 factors: 12 weaknesses (50 factors), 10 strengths (44 factors), 12 threats (68 factors) and 11 opportunities (50 factors). In addition, 32 categories were identified with 53 strategies: 14 categories of W-T strategies (42 strategies), 3 categories of S-T strategies (11 strategies), 5 categories of W-O strategies (13 strategies) and 10 categories of S-O strategies (41 strategies). Nurses identified numerous factors, mainly threats. The strategies are focused on W-T but they also suggest many but weak 5-0 strategies due to the low potential of the opportunities and strengths perceived.

  4. Research on Factors Influencing Individual's Behavior of Energy Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Yanfeng

    With the rapid rise of distributed generation, Internet of Things, and mobile Internet, both U.S. and European smart home manufacturers have developed energy management solutions for individual usage. These applications help people manage their energy consumption more efficiently. Domestic manufacturers have also launched similar products. This paper focuses on the factors influencing Energy Management Behaviour (EMB) at the individual level. By reviewing academic literature, conducting surveys in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, the author builds an integrated behavioural energy management model of the Chinese energy consumers. This paper takes the vague term of EMB and redefines it as a function of two separate behavioural concepts: Energy Management Intention (EMI), and the traditional Energy Saving Intention (ESI). Secondly, the author conducts statistical analyses on these two behavioural concepts. EMI is the main driver behind an individual's EMB. EMI is affected by Behavioural Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Perceived Behavioural Control (PBC). Among these three key factors, PBC exerts the strongest influence. This implies that the promotion of the energy management concept is mainly driven by good application user experience (UX). The traditional ESI also demonstrates positive influence on EMB, but its impact is weaker than the impacts arising under EMI's three factors. In other words, the government and manufacturers may not be able to change an individual's energy management behaviour if they rely solely on their traditional promotion strategies. In addition, the study finds that the government may achieve better promotional results by launching subsidies to the manufacturers of these kinds of applications and smart appliances.

  5. Research on the Influencing Factors of China Apple Juice Trade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Juan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available China is the first country in the world in which apple juice is produced and exited and the main producing area is concentrated in the north of China. Some domestic companies which export apple juice are founded. China’s apple juice, mainly exported to USA, Japan and the Europe, has a strong international competitiveness. However, due to the breed and raw material, Chinese apple juice export faces some challenge, like the loss happening in the transport process. The objective of this study is to research China's apple juice export situation and problem using the comparative analysis method. To cut down the loss, this study is trying to offer a relative scientific research for fruit juice industry by analyzing how temperature and concentration influence on thermal conductivity of apple juice, affecting the whole juice industry. It is with great significance to solve the realistic problems and promote China apple juice industry and its international trade.

  6. Research on influencing factors of LED frequency response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan, Tianyu; Qian, Keyuan

    2017-08-01

    In LED-based visible light communication, the choice of light source device is an important issue. In this paper, the frequency response (FR) of different types of blue LEDs and phosphors is measured. On the basis of that, this paper proposes the FR model of phosphor and supplements the FR model of blue LED. And also, a method is proposed to calculate the FR of phosphor coated LEDs using FR of blue LED and that of phosphor. On this basis, this paper analyses the influencing factors of the FR of blue LED and FR of phosphor respectively. It provides guidance for not only selecting the light source device but also selecting and blending phosphor in visible light communication based on LED.

  7. Factors influencing recruitment to research: qualitative study of the experiences and perceptions of research teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newington, Lisa; Metcalfe, Alison

    2014-01-23

    Recruiting the required number of participants is vital to the success of clinical research and yet many studies fail to achieve their expected recruitment rate. Increasing research participation is a key agenda within the NHS and elsewhere, but the optimal methods of improving recruitment to clinical research remain elusive. The aim of this study was to identify the factors that researchers perceive as influential in the recruitment of participants to clinically focused research. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 individuals from three clinical research teams based in London. Sampling was a combination of convenience and purposive. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using the framework method to identify key themes. Four themes were identified as influential to recruitment: infrastructure, nature of the research, recruiter characteristics and participant characteristics. The main reason individuals participate in clinical research was believed to be altruism, while logistical issues were considered important for those who declined. Suggestions to improve recruitment included reducing participant burden, providing support for individuals who do not speak English, and forming collaborations with primary care to improve the identification of, and access to, potentially eligible participants. Recruiting the target number of research participants was perceived as difficult, especially for clinical trials. New and diverse strategies to ensure that all potentially eligible patients are invited to participate may be beneficial and require further exploration in different settings. Establishing integrated clinical and academic teams with shared responsibilities for recruitment may also facilitate this process. Language barriers and long journey times were considered negative influences to recruitment; although more prominent, these issues are not unique to London and are likely to be important influences in other locations.

  8. Surveying the factors that influence maintainability: research design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hordijk, W.T.B.; Wieringa, Roelf J.

    2005-01-01

    We want to explore and analyse design decisions that influence maintainability of software. Software maintainability is important because the effort expended on changes and fixes in software is a major cost driver. We take an empirical, qualitative approach, by investigating cases where a change has

  9. Implementing Research in Professional Higher Education: Factors That Influence Lecturers' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffioen, Didi M. E.; de Jong, Uulkje

    2015-01-01

    Higher professional education in Europe has changed from teaching-only institutes to hybrids of teaching and research. The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence the judgements of lecturers about new organisational goals and perceptions of their new research-related competencies. Lecturers' judgements of new organisational…

  10. [Main influencing factors of functional magnetic resonance imaging for acupuncture mechanism research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zi-Ping; Wu, Wen; Zhang, Shan-Shan

    2013-02-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been widely used in the research of acupuncture mechanism in recent years. This article analyzes the effect of four main influencing factors, i.e., research subject, selection of acupoints, manipulation of acupuncture and evaluation of Deqi, and examples are given to explain research application of these four aspects. Based on those mentioned above, the authors presumed that removing ex terior and interior factors of research subject, optimizing compatibility of acupoints and manipulations of acupuncture and making use of correct evaluation scale of Deqi can improve the scientificity and objectivity of fMRI for evaluation of acupuncture mechanism research.

  11. A study on important factors influencing on the effectiveness of futures research, training and employment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Moghimi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to find out important factors influencing future research, training and employment in Iranian scientific environment. The proposed model of this paper prepares a questionnaire consists of various questions and distributes it among some experts and analyze them using DEMATEL model. The model divides the 7 factors into two groups of cause and effect. On the cause side, there are four factors including preventing future unemployment crises, detecting future skills, finding future profitable/unprofitable job opportunities and prevention on having open position with no volunteer to work. On the effect factors, there are three factors influencing the future research including detecting the present risk associated with jobs, detecting necessary standards for future works and creating a balance between demand and supply.

  12. Moving beyond 'not enough time': factors influencing paediatric clinicians' participation in research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paget, Simon P; Caldwell, Patrina H Y; Murphy, Joyce; Lilischkis, Kimberley J; Morrow, Angie M

    2017-03-01

    Increasing the amount of clinical research that occurs in healthcare settings has been identified as an important mechanism to improve healthcare outcomes. While clinicians are key persons in achieving this aim, research participation amongst clinicians is generally limited. To identify the factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing clinician research participation and determine how professional culture impacts on these factors. Forty clinicians working at a tertiary children's hospital participated in six discipline-specific focus groups. Thematic analysis was performed using an inductive process based in grounded theory. Four major themes (cultural factors, personal factors, resources and solutions) and 16 subthemes were identified. Participants described how the current health system discourages clinician research. They reported that their research participation requires personal sacrifice of their own time; income or career progression. Research participation was seen to compete with other priorities in clinicians' workload and is disadvantaged because of the primacy of clinical work and the lack of immediate tangible benefit from research projects. Solutions suggested by our participants included better alignment of clinical and research goals, improved availability of research mentors and collaborative opportunities. Nurses and allied health professionals reported a changing professional culture that values research. Only doctors identified research participation to be important for career progression. For clinician research participation to flourish, significant changes in healthcare structure and priorities will be required that result in research becoming more embedded in healthcare delivery. Initiatives to improve collaboration between clinicians and universities may also support these aims. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  13. Factors Influencing Industry Uptake of Marketing & Supply Chain Innovations within the Australian Seafood Cooperative Research Centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dentoni, D.; English, F.

    2012-01-01

    This study identifies factors influencing the Australian seafood industry’s adoption of marketing and supply chain innovations created from public-private funded research and development (R&D). A grounded theory approach was followed by comparing and contrasting the evidence from 35 projects fun

  14. Recognition and Empirical Research on Key Influencing Factors of Low Carbon Development for Logistics Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang-Yun Duan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The questionnaire paper used was work out by modifying the existing mature research scale and interviewing the experts and enterprises. The purpose of this study is to explore the key influencing factors of low carbon development for logistics companies by using the data from the questionnaire, which might contribute to further investigation of low carbon development pathway. Through correlation and stepwise regression analysis, differences between influencing factors and impact-degree were found since specific environmental behaviors of low carbon logistics might vary significantly. The driving factor of low carbon input comes from external points such as government and public external pressure, so the low carbon input is driven by an outside force. Yet, low carbon operation is significantly affected by internal factors such as low carbon behavior capacity, which is driven by an inside force.

  15. Factors influencing the participation of gastroenterologists and hepatologists in clinical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekry Amany

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although clinical research is integral to the advancement of medical knowledge, physicians face a variety of obstacles to their participation as investigators in clinical trials. We examined factors that influence the participation of gastroenterologists and hepatologists in clinical research. Methods We surveyed 1050 members of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases regarding their participation in clinical research. We compared the survey responses by specialty and level of clinical trial experience. Results A majority of the respondents (71.6% reported involvement in research activities. Factors most influential in clinical trial participation included funding and compensation (88.3% and intellectual pursuit (87.8%. Barriers to participation were similar between gastroenterologists (n = 160 and hepatologists (n = 189 and between highly experienced (n = 62 and less experienced (n = 159 clinical researchers. These barriers included uncompensated research costs and lack of specialized support. Industry marketing was a greater influence among respondents with less trial experience, compared to those with extensive experience (15.7% vs 1.6%; P Conclusion This study suggests that the greatest barrier to participation in clinical research is lack of adequate resources. Respondents also favored industry-sponsored research with less complex trial protocols and studies of relatively short duration.

  16. Factors influencing vaccination uptake. Workshop report. Current Australian research on the behavioural, social and demographic factors influencing immunisation, Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, March 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrest, J M; Burgess, M A; McIntyre, P B

    2000-03-16

    Current Australian research on factors influencing vaccination was discussed at a workshop held at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, in March 1998, sponsored by the National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (NCIRS). The application of decision making theory to vaccination behaviour, the expectations and experiences of mothers, and reasons why parents fail to vaccinate their children were considered. Mothers' perceptions of the risks of vaccines, preferences of parents and providers for the mode of vaccine delivery, and community and social factors were all found to be part of the framework within which vaccination is accepted in Australia. Consumer considerations, media influences and overseas comparisons were discussed.

  17. Research Study on Influence of Predefined Factors on Drilling Produced Hole before Reaming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokorná, Václava; Roub, Jan; Řehoř, Jan; Fulemová, Jaroslava

    2016-10-01

    The topic of producing accurate holes (IT6 and better) has been often discussed these days. Many research projects have started under the Department Technology of Machining, Faculty of Engineering at the University of West Bohemia in Pilsen. These projects are focused on measuring the influence of defined factors of machining on required quality, i.e. integrity of the hole surface. The first phase of the research was focused on issues of parameters of drilling technology, which almost always comes before the reaming technology. This text explores this study, which serves as a core resource for related experiments. The main aim was to gather and sort the information from authors, who discuss in their publications questions of key factors to drilling and lathing technology, with regards to evaluating accuracy of produced holes. Foreign publications were used for this research as well as Czech information sources.

  18. Factors influencing pharmacy students’ attitudes towards pharmacy practice research and strategies for promoting research interest in pharmacy practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kritikos VS

    2015-09-01

    single cohort over the four-year degree, other factors influencing students’ perceptions and attitudes, and evaluate the effectiveness of research promoting strategies and programs.

  19. Empirical research on the influencing factors of the occupational stress for construction workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    LV, Xing; WU, Xiang; CI, Huipeng; LIU, Qing; YAO, Yongzheng

    2017-04-01

    Employee’s occupational stress and safety performance are highly related, which has been generally recognized by the researchers. We did this research to understand the status of the stress for construction workers, and explore the influence factors of pressure source with characteristics of construction industry. Based on the results of previous studies, we designed questionnaire to collect the influence factors on occupational stressors. The study selected workers from certain construction units at the grass-roots level as sample source. According to the results of the questionnaire, we redesigned the interview outline, and did the semi-structured interviews on workers randomly selected. Finally, we developed a scale which combined the characteristics of construction projects in China. Using SPSS software for factor analysis, reliability analysis, and descriptive statistical analysis, the results show that there are six factors affecting the workers’ occupational stress, including The Work Itself, Family-Work, Career Development, Organization Style, Interpersonal Relationship and Role Management Style. The work itself is the main sources of occupational stress. The results can be used by the construction company to provide guidance for workers to control and manage occupational stress.

  20. A Research on Factors Influencing the Clinical Prognosis of Acute Stroke Patie.patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Zuming; Li Manli

    2000-01-01

    Object: To search for the factors significantly influencing the clinical prognosis of acute stroke patients. Background: There are lack of prospective multivariate analysis research m acute stroke in the world. Method: We chose 17 factors possibly influencing the prognosis of acute patients, took Barthel′s Index at the end of 2 months after stroke onset and decreased percentage of neurological deficit scores (MESSS) between 72h after hospitalization and 2 months after onset as gold standard, to have a prospective, multivariate analysis research combined with univariate analysis. Results: Multivariate analysis of 106 acute stroke patients combined with univariate analysis showed the factors significantly influencing the clinical prognosis of acute stroke patients were: initial MESSS score、 age、 complication、 mass effect、 stroke location、 time of delay before emergency arrival (BDT). Time of delay after emergency arrival was not found to be a significant prognostic factor. Discussion: Barthel Index at the end of 1 month after stroke onset was strongly related to that at the end of 2 month after onset, as was the same with MESSS score. It showed there was no significant difference between 1 month and 2 months after stroke onset when we choose time interval in evaluating prognosis of acute stroke patients.Conclusion: BDT、 initial MESSS score、 age、 stroke location、 mass effect、 complication were important factors of acute stroke patients. Avoid the delay before emergency arrival after onset, prevent and treat complications after stroke, more carefully treat acute stroke patients with advanced age, advanced age, high initial MESSS scores and those with mass effect reported by CT, we can improve the outcome of stroke patients.

  1. Research on the influencing factors of reverse logistics carbon footprint under sustainable development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qiang

    2016-12-09

    With the concerns of ecological and circular economy along with sustainable development, reverse logistics has attracted the attention of enterprise. How to achieve sustainable development of reverse logistics has important practical significance of enhancing low carbon competitiveness. In this paper, the system boundary of reverse logistics carbon footprint is presented. Following the measurement of reverse logistics carbon footprint and reverse logistics carbon capacity is provided. The influencing factors of reverse logistics carbon footprint are classified into five parts such as intensity of reverse logistics, energy structure, energy efficiency, reverse logistics output, and product remanufacturing rate. The quantitative research methodology using ADF test, Johansen co-integration test, and impulse response is utilized to interpret the relationship between reverse logistics carbon footprint and the influencing factors more accurately. This research finds that energy efficiency, energy structure, and product remanufacturing rate are more capable of inhibiting reverse logistics carbon footprint. The statistical approaches will help practitioners in this field to structure their reverse logistics activities and also help academics in developing better decision models to reduce reverse logistics carbon footprint.

  2. Experimental Research on Influence of Some Factors on Ejection Height of Cargo Projectile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郁浩; 王晓天; 李欣; 李纪敏

    2012-01-01

    Some factors influencing the cargo projectile's ejection height in different conditions were analyzed by using harmonic curve diagram and cluster method.The test results of the ejection height for a certain cargo projectile show that the wind speed and direction are the main influence factors.For given meteorological conditions,the applied environmental stress becomes the main cause,while the launching angle does not influence the ejection height.

  3. Research on China's Aquaculture Efficiency Evaluation and Influencing Factors with Undesirable Outputs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Jianyue; WANG Pingping

    2015-01-01

    Taking the aquaculture area, the number of farming boats and that of aquaculturist as input variables, the aquaculture production as desirable output variable and polluted economic loss as undesirable output variable, this paper conducts SBM model to evaluate the aquaculture efficiency based on the data of 16 aquaculture-developed provinces in China from 2004 to 2011. The results show the efficiency in China has not changed much in recent years with the efficiency values mainly between 0.39 and 0.53, and the efficiency of marine-aquaculture-dominated provinces is generally higher than that of freshwater-aquaculture-dominated ones. To analyze the difference under the efficiency, the panel Tobit model is used with education level factor, training factor, technology ex-tension factor, technical level factor, scale factor and species factor as the efficiency influencing factors. The results show that tech-nology extension factor and technical level factor have significant positive influence.

  4. Research on Influencing Factors of Salespeople's Empowerment Readiness in Green Energy Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yuan; Liu, Xiaohui

    As market competition in green energy enterprises continues to intensify, marketing activities are enlarging and customer demand is increasingly growing and diversifying. More and more green energy enterprises have empowered their own salespeople. And managers in green energy enterprises are more concerned with the issues which employees suit to be empowered and which factors will influence employee empowerment readiness. This paper proposes the definition of salespeople's empowerment readiness, analyzes influencing factors of salespeople's empowerment readiness, discusses the effect mechanism of influencing factors of salespeople's empowerment readiness, finally, and puts forward some suggestions to enhance salespeople's empowerment readiness from the perspective of human resource management practice.

  5. Research on Factors Influencing Municipal Household Solid Waste Separate Collection: Bayesian Belief Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhujie Chu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Municipal household solid waste (MHSW has become a serious problem in China over the course of the last two decades, resulting in significant side effects to the environment. Therefore, effective management of MHSW has attracted wide attention from both researchers and practitioners. Separate collection, the first and crucial step to solve the MHSW problem, however, has not been thoroughly studied to date. An empirical survey has been conducted among 387 households in Harbin, China in this study. We use Bayesian Belief Networks model to determine the influencing factors on separate collection. Four types of factors are identified, including political, economic, social cultural and technological based on the PEST (political, economic, social and technological analytical method. In addition, we further analyze the influential power of different factors, based on the network structure and probability changes obtained by Netica software. Results indicate that technological dimension has the greatest impact on MHSW separate collection, followed by the political dimension and economic dimension; social cultural dimension impacts MHSW the least.

  6. Empirical Research on Influencing Factors of Cultivation Land Intensive Use in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Taking Chongqing as example, the paper ascertains the influencing factors of cultivation land intensive use from aspects of land conditions, family conditions and land operation conditions and theoretically expects the influencing relations of factors to the intensive uses. Collecting the land conditions, family conditions and land operation conditions through surveys, analyzes each influencing factors in a statistical description way. Constructing the empirical model, calculates the relations of land intensive use to the influencing factors with SPSS. The calculation results show a significant inverse correlation between land intensive use and land area, the space between land and counties, family members, the number of migrant workers, types of cultivation land, land transfer conditions. There is a significant positive correlation between land use and family average income, land investment. Based on these, the paper puts forwards corresponding suggestions and countermeasures of highlighting the land intensive using levels.

  7. The influences and factors of an undergraduate research program in preparing women for science careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Ashley Mcdowell

    Progress has been made in diminishing barriers experienced by women in science in recent years, however obstacles still remain. One of the key elements of the Texas Tech University Howard Hughes Medical Institute (TTU/HHMI) Undergraduate Biological Sciences Education Program is to "support activities that broaden access to science for women." In light of the barriers women in science face, this dissertation examined how the experiences of females in the TTU/HHMI fellows program prepared them for a career in science. This study employed mixed methods, utilizing both a questionnaire involving all past female fellows, and in-depth interviews with seven fellows who chose a career as a professional scientist. According to the quantitative data, research experience, the relationship with mentors, and opportunities to present at state or national meetings were program factors that fellows identified as contributing to their career success. The TTU/HHMI program experiences positively influenced the fellows' level of interest in science, confidence in science, and motivation to pursue a science-related career. Encouragement from the mentor and increased confidence regarding the ability to be successful in science were significant predictors of career advantages. Motivation to pursue a science-related career was the most significant predictor of the fellows' preparation to overcome barriers. Qualitatively, six themes were identified for coding, which included (1) research experience, (2) the mentor, (3) support and interactions, (4) self-confidence, (5) career decisions, and (6) time demands related to a science career. The themes identified were important factors in preparing these past female fellows for a career in science by initiating a change in their attitudes, knowledge, and skills. With over 90% of past fellows currently pursuing a science career, the program, through research experience and encouraging mentors, made a large impact on the career paths of fellows

  8. Empirical Research on Influencing Factors of Trade Competitiveness of China’s Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the indices of RCA and TSC of agricultural products in China,according to China Statistical Yearbook,China Rural Statistical Yearbook and data from database of The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations from 1996 to 2009,We select direct influencing factors and indirect influencing factors as reference as series of numbers,regard indices of RCA and TSC as index series of numbers of evaluation,and use grey correlation analysis method to conduct analysis and evaluation on influencing factors of trade competitiveness of China’s agricultural products.The results show that due to different index calculation methods,the sequencing results of all factors are not wholly the same.But on the whole,in terms of transformation from cost advantage and price advantage into competition advantage,the ability of direct factors is strong,impacting significantly trade competitiveness of China’s agricultural products,while the influencing effect of indirect factors is relatively weak.On the basis of this,we put forward the suggestions in order to improve trade competitiveness of China’s agricultural products as follows:firstly,we should strengthen and perfect agricultural agriculture-support policy;secondly,we should promote foreign merchants’ direct investment level in agriculture;thirdly,we should deepen the processing ability of agricultural products and promote quality of agricultural products;fourthly,we should create good trade environment.

  9. Research on various factors influencing the moisture absorption property of sodium polyacrylate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sodium polyacrylate was synthesized with acrylic acid as the monomer, and sodium bisulfate and ammonium persulfate as the initiator, by means of aqueous solution polymerization. The factors influencing the properties of moisture absorption, such as monomer concentration, dosage of initiator, and reaction temperature were systematically investigated. The experimental results indicate that the moisture-absorbing property of this polymer was better than other traditional material, such as silica gel, and molecular sieve. The best reaction condition and formula are based on the orthogonal experiment design. The optimum moisture absorbency of sodium polyacrylate reaches 1.01 g/g. The mathematical correlation of this polymer with various factors and moisture absorbency is obtained based on the multiple regression analysis. The moisture content intuitive analysis table shows that neutralization degree has the most significant influence on moisture absorbency, followed by monomer concentration and reaction temperature, while other factors have less influence.

  10. Research on Risk Perception and the Influence Factors Analysis of Freshwater Edible Fish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruixin Liu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper studied 192 consumers’ risk perception of freshwater fish and its influencing factors with Probit regression method based on the survey of Yangzhou city in Jiangsu province. Results showed that nearly 40% of consumers have a higher risk perception for the quality safety of freshwater fish and think that environmental hormone residues and antibiotic residues are main safety problems of freshwater fish. According to the influencing degree, the factors influencing consumer’s risk perception of freshwater fish are food safety concern, food safety situation, consumers' gender, knowledge of freshwater fish, the concept of healthy diet, the purchase experience, kids under the age of 18, education and price of freshwater fish in sequence.

  11. Melasma pathogenesis and influencing factors - an overview of the latest research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passeron, T

    2013-01-01

    Melasma is an acquired, symmetrical hypermelanosis of the face. The pathogenesis of melasma is complex and the treatment is often challenging with frequent relapses. Genetic background, exposure to ultraviolet radiation, and female sex hormones are classical influencing factors. To the light of the recent literature, other factors could promote melasma lesions. Moreover, there are increasing evidences showing that melanocytes are not the only cells involved, and that other players probably have a key role in the development and the relapses of melasma. Identifying those associated factors should provide new targets for a more efficient treatment of melasma and a better prevention of the relapses.

  12. Connections, Productivity and Funding: An Examination of Factors Influencing Scientists' Perspectives on the Market Orientation of Academic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronning, Emily Anne

    2012-01-01

    This study examines scientists' perceptions of the environment in which they do their work. Specifically, this study examines how academic and professional factors such as research productivity, funding levels for science, connections to industry, type of academic appointment, and funding sources influence scientists' perceptions of the…

  13. Examining the Factors That Influence Students' Science Learning Processes and Their Learning Outcomes: 30 Years of Conceptual Change Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jing-Wen; Yen, Miao-Hsuan; Liang, Jia-Chi; Chiu, Mei-Hung; Guo, Chorng-Jee

    2016-01-01

    This study used content analysis to examine the most studied conceptual change factors that influence students' science learning processes and their learning outcomes. The reviewed research included empirical studies published since Posner et al. proposed their conceptual change model 30 years ago (from 1982 to 2011). One hundred sixteen SSCI…

  14. Research on Influence Factors of Membrane Fouling in A/O-MBR System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the influence factors of membrane fouling in A/O-MBR system,so as to control membrane fouling better,prolong the service life of membrane,further reduce the cost of water treatment and promote the popularization of membrane bioreactor(MBR) effectively.[Method] Based on small A/O-MBR device,an orthogonal test with three factors(including aeration intensity,pump-stop ratio and mixed liquor suspended solid) and three levels was designed to optimize three parameters,and the effe...

  15. Research on various factors influencing the moisture absorption property of sodium polyacrylate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ChunXiao; ZHANG WanXi; PAN ZhenYuan; ZHANG XiYao; LIU Jian; YUE ChongWang

    2009-01-01

    Sodium polyacrylate was synthesized with acrylic acid as the monomer,and sodium bisulfate and ammonium persulfate as the initiator,by means of aqueous solution polymerization.The factors influencing the properties of moisture absorption,such as monomer concentration,dosage of initiator,and reaction temperature were systematically investigated.The experimental results indicate that the moisture-absorbing property of this polymer was better than other traditional material,such as silica gel,and molecular sieve.The best reaction condition and formula are based on the orthogonal experiment design.The optimum moisture absorbency of sodium polyacrylate reaches 1.01 g/g.The mathematical correlation of this polymer with various factors and moisture absorbency is obtained based on the multiple regression analysis.The moisture content intuitive analysis table shows that neutralization degree has the most significant influence on moisture absorbency,followed by monomer concentration and reaction temperature,while other factors have less influence.

  16. Analysis of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Forest Farmers Cooperatives Based on Empirical Research of Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenyi; HUANG; Lanying; LI; Hongwei; TONG; Fei; WANG; Xueqin; CHEN

    2013-01-01

    Based on field research data of farmers in Zhejiang Province, the authors analyzed factors influencing farmers’ participation in forest farmers cooperatives (hereafter referred to as FFCs) by the binary logistic regression model. Results show that understanding of farmers about cooperatives has a great influence on their behavior of participation in FFCs. Besides, educational level of householders and existing member scale of cooperatives also have significant influence on farmers’ behavior of participation in cooperatives. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda of cooperatives, deepen their understanding of cooperatives; cultivate new high quality farmers to provide talents for development of cooperatives; establish incentive mechanism to encourage farmers to participate in cooperatives.

  17. Research on Collective Learning Mechanism and Influencing Factors of Industrial Cluster Innovation Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lan Wang

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to contribute to the cluster innovation literature by adding the collective learning perspective and propose an analytical framework on collective learning of cluster. Industrial cluster is viewed as a prevalent mode for technology innovation in knowledge-based economy. Collective learning outlines how local innovation network and spatial proximity between actors influence the sharing and creation of skills and knowledge in cluster. Firstly, this study discusses the structure and character of innovation network within industrial cluster. Secondly, it analyzes the collective learning mechanism of industrial cluster, which is involves in three dimensions: horizontal learning, vertical learning and multi-angle learning. Then, it focuses on some influencing factors of collective learning within innovation network. Finally, this study analyzes the role of global-local linkages in the dynamic capability of cluster innovation network.

  18. The Factors Influencing Depression Endpoints Research (FINDER study: final results of Italian patients with depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quail Deborah

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Factors Influencing Depression Endpoints Research (FINDER is a 6-month, prospective, observational study carried out in 12 European countries aimed at investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL in outpatients receiving treatment for a first or new depressive episode. The Italian HRQoL data at 6 months is described in this report, and the factors associated with HRQoL changes were determined. Methods Data were collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months of treatment. HRQoL was measured using components of the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36; mental component summary (MCS, physical component summary (PCS and the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D; visual analogue scale (VAS and health status index (HSI. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS was adopted to evaluate depressive symptoms, while somatic and painful physical symptoms were assessed by using the 28-item Somatic Symptom Inventory (SSI-28 and a VAS. Results Of the initial 513 patients, 472 completed the 3-month observation and 466 the 6-month observation. The SF-36 and EQ-5D mean (± SD scores showed HRQoL improvements at 3 months and a further smaller improvement at 6 months, with the most positive effects for SF-36 MCS (baseline 22.0 ± 9.2, 3 months 34.6 ± 10.0; 6 months 39.3 ± 9.5 and EQ-5D HSI (baseline 0.4 ± 0.3; 3 months 0.7 ± 0.3; 6 months 0.7 ± 0.2. Depression and anxiety symptoms (HADS-D mean at baseline 13.3 ± 4.2; HADS-A mean at baseline 12.2 ± 3.9 consistently decreased during the first 3 months (8.7 ± 4.3; 7.5 ± 3.6 and showed a further positive change at 6 months (6.9 ± 4.3; 5.8 ± 3.4. Somatic and painful symptoms (SSI and VAS significantly decreased, with the most positive changes in the SSI-28 somatic item (mean at baseline 2.4 ± 0.7; mean change at 3 months: -0.5; 95% CI -0.6 to -0.5; mean change at 6 months: -0.7; 95% CI -0.8 to -0.7; in 'interference of overall pain with daily activities' (mean at baseline 45

  19. Research on Influence Factors of Pig Farmers’ Ecological Farming Behavior: Based on the TPB and SEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengying HAN; Zhenhong QI; Dongmin ZHANG; Xinrui LI

    2016-01-01

    China’s extensive development model of pig industry gives rise to serious resource and environment bottleneck restriction,it is urgent to transform the existing development model into ecological farming model. In this process,farmers’ behavior will play a key role. On the basis of summarizing development connotation and characteristics of ecological agriculture,using survey data of 323 pig farmers in 6 provinces,based on the Theory of Planned Behavior( TPB) it introduced individual characteristics and external environment constraint variables,and made an empirical analysis on factors influencing intention and behavior of pig farmers’ ecological farming using the Structural Equation Model( SEM). Results indicate:( i) ecological farming intention of pig farmers has the largest direct effect on their ecological farming behavior;( ii)ecological farming cognition of pig farmers has significant positive effect on their ecological farming behavior;( iii) external environment has the largest indirect effect on their ecological farming behavior,followed by the overall effect,and external environment has significant positive effect on ecological farming attitude and cognition of pig farmers;( iv) individual characteristics( educational level and income level) of pig farmers influence ecological farming behavior of pig farmers through their ecological farming attitude and intention,but the degree of influence is limited.

  20. Factors Influencing Depression Endpoints Research (FINDER: baseline results of Italian patients with depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grassi Luigi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Factors Influencing Depression Endpoints Research (FINDER is a 6-month, prospective, observational study carried out in 12 European countries aimed at investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL in outpatients receiving pharmacological treatment for a first or new depressive episode. Baseline characteristics of patients enrolled in Italy are presented. Methods All treatment decisions were at the discretion of the investigator. Data were collected at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Baseline evaluations included demographics, medical and psychiatric history, and medications used in the last 24 months and prescribed at enrolment. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, was adopted to evaluate depressive symptoms, while somatic and painful physical symptoms were assessed by using the Somatic Symptom Inventory (SSI and a 0 to 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS, HRQoL via 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36, and the European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions (EQ-5D instrument. Results A total of 513 patients were recruited across 38 sites. The mean ± standard deviation (SD age at first depressive episode was 38.7 ± 15.9 years, the mean duration of depression 10.6 ± 12.3 years. The most common psychiatric comorbidities in the previous 24 months were anxiety/panic (72.6% and obsessive/compulsive disorders (13.4%, while 35.9% had functional somatic syndromes. Most patients (65.1% reported pain from any cause. Monotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs was prescribed at enrolment in 64.5% and 6.4% of the cases, respectively. The most commonly prescribed agents were sertraline (17.3%, escitalopram (16.2%, venlaflaxine (15.6% and paroxetine (14.8%. The mean HADS subscores for depression and anxiety were 13.3 ± 4.2 and 12.2 ± 3.9, respectively; 76.4% of patients could be defined as being 'probable cases' for depression and 66.2% for anxiety. The

  1. Factors influencing scholarly impact: does urology fellowship training affect research output?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasabwala, Khushabu; Morton, Christopher M; Svider, Peter F; Nahass, Thomas A; Eloy, Jean Anderson; Jackson-Rosario, Imani

    2014-01-01

    Residents seek postresidency fellowship training to increase competency with novel surgical techniques and augment their fund of knowledge. Research productivity is a vital component of advancement in academic urology. Our objectives were to use the h-index (an objective and readily available bibliometric that has been repeatedly shown to correlate with scholarly impact, funding procurement, and academic promotion in urology as well as other specialties) to determine whether any relationship exists between fellowship training and scholarly impact among academic urologists. Additional examination was performed to determine whether any differences in scholarly influence are present among practitioners in the major urologic subspecialties. Overall, 851 faculty members from 101 academic urology departments were organized by academic rank and fellowship completed. Research productivity was calculated using the h-index, calculated from the Scopus database. There was no statistical difference in h-index found between fellowship-trained and nonfellowship-trained academic urologists. The highest h-indices were seen among urologic oncologists (18.1 ± 0.95) and nonfellowship-trained urologists (14.62 ± 0.80). Nearly 70% of department chairs included in this analysis were urologic oncologists or general urologists. No difference in h-index existed between fellowship-trained and nonfellowship-trained urologists, although practitioners in the subspecialty cohorts with the highest research productivity (nonfellowship-trained and urologic oncologists) comprised 70% of department chairpersons. This relationship suggests that a strong research profile is highly valued during selection for academic promotion. Differences existed on further comparison by subspecialty. Fellowship training may represent another potential opportunity to introduce structured research experiences for trainees. © 2013 Published by Association of Program Directors in Surgery on behalf of Association of

  2. Factors influencing the potential for strong brand relationships with consumer product brands: An overview and research agenda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Larsen, Tino; Bergkvist, Lars; Francis, Julie

    Based on the premise that consumer product brands are different with respect to their potential to form strong long-term relationships with consumers, this paper aims to identify factors that influence brands' potential for strong long-term relationships and to suggest how these can be empirically...... investigated. The paper reviews brand-centric and consumer-centric research and identifies twelve brand variables that may influence the relationship potential of consumer product brands. A research agenda is suggested and a number of issues that needs to be resolved before empirical research can be carried...... out are discussed. The paper concludes by speculating on possible outcomes in future empirical studies and it is suggested that multiple brand variables will have to be employed to evaluate the relationship potential of brands....

  3. Research of refraction status in 354 amblyopia children and influence factors for its treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ting Tang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To study the refraction status in 354 amblyopia children and to investigate the related influence factors for the treatment effect. METHODS:Three hundred and fifty-four children diagnosed as ametropia amblyopia from January 2010 to June 2015 in our hospital were selected. The children were divided into groups according to the children's age, refraction types of amblyopia and degree of amblyopia. The clinical treatment effect of different groups was compared. RESULTS:The cure rate for amblyopia children in different groups was significantly different(PPPCONCLUSION:The treatment effect of ametropia amblyopia is correlated with the children's age, types of amblyopia and degree of amblyopia. It has a poor treatment effect for the older children with severe myopia and amblyopia.

  4. Research on characteristics of water motion and influencing factors for the flexible air chamber jig body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yinghua; Kuang Yali; Li Haisheng

    2015-01-01

    The air bag deformation data were obtained by high-speed dynamic videos experiments. Based on gas–liquid flow VOF model, dynamic mesh technique and deformation data, numerical simulations for differ-ent structure models were achieved, and the law of water motion and influencing factors were analyzed. The results show that the flow in the length direction of the jig is smooth, and second pulsation appears in the separation time and forms the secondary separation. The installation position of screen and the num-ber of air bags have a great influence on the uniformity of flow and velocity. The screen height cannot be too low to avoid forming the unstable flow. At the same time, the screen height cannot be too high, other-wise water velocity will be too small and was unable to provide enough power. At the height of 1.4 m, velocity unevenness is minimum and the best uniform flow can be obtained. Compared with double air bags, there are the following features of single air bag:water flow is not smooth, the time achieving the maximum velocity is too long, maximum velocity is smaller, and overall effect is worse than double air bags.

  5. Research on Influencing Factors of Biological Filtration Tower Treating Toluene Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Changping; Cao, Ziqing; Lu, Yuqi; Du, Linggai

    2017-05-01

    Through the orthogonal experimental design, the optimal combination of Triton X-100, nitrogen source, Fe2+, temperature, concentration of antibiotics, pH and spray quantity was determined with surfactants, nitrogen and iron elements as additive, by which the key influencing factors were determined. In the test, the removal efficiency of the second groups was higher than that of the eighth groups, which were 89% and 87%, respectively. The best combination of a group of removal was as follows: nitrogen source concentration was 2 g ·L-1, antibiotic concentration was 300 U·mL-1, the concentration of Triton X-100 was 0.05 mL·L-1, Fe2+ concentration was 14 mL·L-1, pH was 7, the temperature was 34°C, spray amount was 6 L ·h-1. The antibiotic concentration was the most important factor on the removal efficiency of the toluene. The concentration of gas in each layer of toluene was detected; the curve of the outlet concentration in the optimal combination and the average state was obtained. The removal efficiency of the optimal combination was much better than the average, and it was found that the removal rate decreased with the increase of the height of the filling layer. The change of oxygen content in each layer was detected which was no significant change. It showed that oxygen was not the limiting factor of the removal of toluene by microorganisms. Keywords: surfactants; biological filtration tower; toluene; orthogonal test

  6. Factors Influencing Student Gains from Undergraduate Research Experiences at a Hispanic-Serving Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Heather; Grineski, Sara E.; Collins, Timothy W.; Morales, Danielle X.; Morera, Osvaldo; Echegoyen, Lourdes

    2016-01-01

    Undergraduate research experiences (UREs) confer many benefits to students, including improved self-confidence, better communication skills, and an increased likelihood of pursuing science careers. Additionally, UREs may be particularly important for racial/ethnic minority students who are underrepresented in the science workforce. We examined factors hypothetically relevant to underrepresented minority student gains from UREs at a Hispanic-serving institution, such as mentoring quality, family income, being Latino/a, and caring for dependents. Data came from a 2013 survey of University of Texas at El Paso students engaged in 10 URE programs (n = 227). Using generalized linear models (GzLMs) and adjusting for known covariates, we found that students who reported receiving higher-quality mentorship, spending more hours caring for dependents, and receiving more programmatic resources experienced significantly greater gains from their URE in all three areas we examined (i.e., thinking and working like a scientist, personal gains, and gains in skills). In two of three areas, duration of the URE was positive and significant. Being Latino/a was positive and significant only in the model predicting personal gains. Across the three models, quality of mentorship was the most important correlate of gains. This suggests that providing training to faculty mentors involved in UREs may improve student outcomes and increase program efficacy. PMID:27521234

  7. Research on Damping Noncoincidence and Its Influence Factors of Multibranch Hydropneumatic Suspension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junwei Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Multibranch interconnected hydropneumatic suspension (MIHS is increasingly applied in heavy multiaxle vehicle (HMV for its superior characteristics, such as adjustable damping, and the antiroll and balancing axle load ability. However, as for multibranch hydropneumatic suspension, the stiffness and damping are coupled with each other tightly, which represents damping noncoincidence (DNC problem. The DNC problem has become a key obstacle for developing suspension control technology and improving suspension performance. Firstly, a kind of MIHS structure is developed for an HMV, and the interconnected structure and principle are explained. Then the DNC problem is proposed and is given a description. And then, according to the researching needs, the suspension system model of single cylinder connected with multiple branches is built up based on the knowledge of state change of fluid and gas. Fourthly, the root cause of DNC problem is given according to simulation results. Fifthly, the impacts of three factors on DNC problem are studied, respectively, by adjusting excitation signal and system parameters in the simulation. The simulation results are quantitatively compared with regard to damping noncoincidence rate (DNCR. In the end, some conclusions are drawn based on the discussion and analysis and the future work is proposed.

  8. Research on Factors Influencing Fertilizer Application of Farmer Households in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwei; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Known as the " food of grain",chemical fertilizer plays a very important role in increasing the output of agricultural products. In the meantime,its negative externalities such as soil and water environment pollutions as well as the quality and safety hazards caused to agricultural products have been revealed gradually. Taking 126 farmer households in 5 counties( districts) of Anhui Province as samples,the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households are analyzed. Research shows that farmers applying fertilizer are generally older in age with relatively lower degree of education,inveterate farming habits and small area of cultivation. Besides,the farmer households wish to receive training and guidance on techniques of fertilization,but very few of them have attended the trainings on agricultural technology. Moreover,the individual characteristics and family factors of farmer households have a significant impact on their fertilizer application behaviors. And the degrees of impact are also different for the fertilizer applying behaviors in different stages. Therefore,improving the educational level of farmer households,strengthening the training and promotion of agricultural techniques and accelerating land transfer among farmer households will play a fundamental role in regularizing the fertilizer application behaviors of farmer households and improving the quality and safety of agricultural products.

  9. Exploring intentions of physician-scientist trainees: factors influencing MD and MD/PhD interest in research careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Jennifer M; Daye, Dania; Schmidt, Mary Lou; Conlon, Claudia Morrissey; Kim, Hajwa; Gaonkar, Bilwaj; Payne, Aimee S; Riddle, Megan; Madera, Sharline; Adami, Alexander J; Winter, Kate Quinn

    2017-07-11

    Prior studies have described the career paths of physician-scientist candidates after graduation, but the factors that influence career choices at the candidate stage remain unclear. Additionally, previous work has focused on MD/PhDs, despite many physician-scientists being MDs. This study sought to identify career sector intentions, important factors in career selection, and experienced and predicted obstacles to career success that influence the career choices of MD candidates, MD candidates with research-intense career intentions (MD-RI), and MD/PhD candidates. A 70-question survey was administered to students at 5 academic medical centers with Medical Scientist Training Programs (MSTPs) and Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) from the NIH. Data were analyzed using bivariate or multivariate analyses. More MD/PhD and MD-RI candidates anticipated or had experienced obstacles related to balancing academic and family responsibilities and to balancing clinical, research, and education responsibilities, whereas more MD candidates indicated experienced and predicted obstacles related to loan repayment. MD/PhD candidates expressed higher interest in basic and translational research compared to MD-RI candidates, who indicated more interest in clinical research. Overall, MD-RI candidates displayed a profile distinct from both MD/PhD and MD candidates. MD/PhD and MD-RI candidates experience obstacles that influence their intentions to pursue academic medical careers from the earliest training stage, obstacles which differ from those of their MD peers. The differences between the aspirations of and challenges facing MD, MD-RI and MD/PhD candidates present opportunities for training programs to target curricula and support services to ensure the career development of successful physician-scientists.

  10. Strategies and Intervening Factors Influencing Student Social Interaction and Experiential Learning in an Interdisciplinary Research Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryser, Laura; Halseth, Greg; Thien, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    Faculty have long incorporated students into interdisciplinary research projects to meet increasingly common demands for collaborative research by federal funding agencies. Despite the critical role of experiential learning in building student research skills and capacity, few have explored social interaction mechanisms used to facilitate student…

  11. Applying Effective Instruction Research Findings in Teacher Education: Six Influencing Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Elsie W.

    This preliminary report provides an overview of the Applying Research to Teacher Education (ARTE) Research Utilization in Elementary Teacher Education (RUETE) study which began in 1982 and will continue through 1985. ARTE: RUETE explores specific processes for incorporating recent research findings of effective instruction into preservice…

  12. Applying Effective Instruction Research Findings in Teacher Education: Six Influencing Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Elsie W.

    This preliminary report provides an overview of the Applying Research to Teacher Education (ARTE) Research Utilization in Elementary Teacher Education (RUETE) study which began in 1982 and will continue through 1985. ARTE: RUETE explores specific processes for incorporating recent research findings of effective instruction into preservice…

  13. Influence Factors on the Value of Reliability Estimators in Marketing Research

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a literature review, with a conclusion that leaves open many doors for future research. In the first part are reviewed a series of qualitative and quantitative research characteristics. The second part explains briefly the reliability and validity of instruments used in qualitative and quantitative marketing research. The third part of the paper review a series of articles on the estimators of reliability, on their power, on their strengths and weaknesses. The conclusions of the...

  14. Research on the Influencing Factors of Rural Low-carbon Economic Development and Government Regulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the main factors causing sluggish development of rural low-carbon economy in China as follows:the rural energy structure is irrational;the infrastructure and technology are relatively backward;system of laws,regulations and policy is not sound;fund-raising mechanism develops slowly;farmers’ low-carbon awareness and ability are limited.On the basis of these unfavorable factors,from the perspective of government regulation,feasible strategies are put forward in line with the actual situation of rural low-carbon economic development in China.

  15. Action Research: Factors Influencing Recognition of Geographical Locations on a World Map.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Sandra F.

    This study was conducted to help teachers decide what factors govern high school students' knowledge of geography. Information was gathered about the students' background, including: gender, exposure to a course of study in world history, overall grade point average, travel experience outside the United States, and habits of reading newspapers and…

  16. Research progress of Anammox-denitrification coupling start up and Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Pi-jian

    2014-01-01

    Since anammox can simultaneously remove ammonia and nitrite nitrogen,And low cost,have been researched by many scholars,Its high ammonia wastewater treatment has great application value. However, high concentrations of organic carbon on anaerobic ammonium oxidation significantly inhibited. How to achieve anaerobic ammonium oxidation and denitrification coupling, is now a focus of research in the training process, anammox bacteria and denitrifying bacteria on pH, organic matter with different requirements, this paper summarizes the anammox and denitrification startup method and pH, organic matter on anaerobic ammonia oxidation and denitrification coupling and explore control strategies for anaerobic ammonium oxidation and denitrification coupling recommendations.

  17. Research on key influence factors of laser overlap welding of automobile body galvanized steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Genyu; Mei, Lifang; Zhang, Mingjun; Zhang, Yi; Wang, Zujian

    2013-02-01

    In views of structure characteristics of the auto-body parts, the influences of the beam incident angle and joint gap on the performance of laser overlap welded joints were investigated. The experimental results indicate that there were the critical values of beam incident angle and joint gap during laser overlap welding of galvanized steel. The thickness of sheet and the width of joint had a certain influence on the critical beam incident angle and the limit joint gap. With regard to thicker sheet, the limit joint gap can increase appropriately, but the critical beam incident angle should not be too big. With narrow weld width, the laser beam incident angle can increase appropriately, but the joint gap should not be bigger. Additionally, the critical beam incident angle and the limit joint gap were varied with the thickness of the upper sheet. The tensile-shear tests show that the maximum tensile-shear strength of the joint can be obtained with an optimized beam incident angle and joint gap.

  18. What Factors Influence the Direction of Global Brain Circulation: The Case of Chinese Canada Research Chairholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zha, Qiang

    2016-01-01

    As part of globalisation, academics have become more mobile and are tempted to move to institutions that have the most favourable research funding and work environment. The university is now viewed as a global magnet for academic talent and a key institution that enhances competitiveness by connecting cities and nations to global flows of…

  19. Factors Influencing Achievement in Undergraduate Social Science Research Methods Courses: A Mixed Methods Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Gail

    2017-01-01

    Undergraduate social science research methods courses tend to have higher than average rates of failure and withdrawal. Lack of success in these courses impedes students' progression through their degree programs and negatively impacts institutional retention and graduation rates. Grounded in adult learning theory, this mixed methods study…

  20. Research on 2041 Cases of High Inpatient Expenditure and Influence Factors during 3 Years in a Single Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Suo-Wei Wu; Qi Pan; Liang-Yu Wei; Chao Li; Qin Wang; Jing-Chen Song; Tong Chen

    2016-01-01

    Background:The study was to explore the causes of high inpatient expenditure through analyzing the distribution characteristics as well as the influence factors of high inpatient expenditure cases during 3 years within a Grade-A tertiary hospital through various aspects and multiple angles,thus identifying the major influence factors for high medical expenditure to develop further research.Methods:We retrospectively studied 204l inpatient cases which cost more than RMB 100,000 Yuan per case in a Grade-A tertiary hospital from 2013 to 2015.We analyzed the compositions of the medical cost to evaluate the major factors that cause the high inpatient expenditure.All the data and materials were collected from medical record system,and the statistical methods included t-test,variance of analysis,and multivariate linear regression.Results:The average cost of the 2,041 cases was RMB 152,173 Yuan for medicines and materials of medical costs,which respectively accounted for 33.03% and 32.32% of the total cost;and the average length of hospital stay was 28.39 days/person.Diseases of skeletal and muscular system,circulatory system,and tumor were the top three disease categories of high inpatient expenditure,which accounted for 39.00%,33.46%,and 18.03%,respectively.Complications,criticality of the disease,gender of the patients,the occurrence of death,and the excessive length of hospital stay all had great impacts on average medical expenditure,while age,hospital infection,and surgery showed no significant impact on average medical cost.Conclusions:The main factors for high inpatient expenditure included the inadequate use of high-value medicines and materials,lacking cost control measures within the hospital,the excessive length of hospital stay for inpatients,and the unnecessary treatment for the patients.

  1. Research on 2041 Cases of High Inpatient Expenditure and Influence Factors during 3 Years in a Single Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Suo-Wei; Pan, Qi; Wei, Liang-Yu; Li, Chao; Wang, Qin; Song, Jing-Chen; Chen, Tong

    2016-01-01

    Background: The study was to explore the causes of high inpatient expenditure through analyzing the distribution characteristics as well as the influence factors of high inpatient expenditure cases during 3 years within a Grade-A tertiary hospital through various aspects and multiple angles, thus identifying the major influence factors for high medical expenditure to develop further research. Methods: We retrospectively studied 2041 inpatient cases which cost more than RMB 100,000 Yuan per case in a Grade-A tertiary hospital from 2013 to 2015. We analyzed the compositions of the medical cost to evaluate the major factors that cause the high inpatient expenditure. All the data and materials were collected from medical record system, and the statistical methods included t-test, variance of analysis, and multivariate linear regression. Results: The average cost of the 2,041 cases was RMB 152,173 Yuan for medicines and materials of medical costs, which respectively accounted for 33.03% and 32.32% of the total cost; and the average length of hospital stay was 28.39 days/person. Diseases of skeletal and muscular system, circulatory system, and tumor were the top three disease categories of high inpatient expenditure, which accounted for 39.00%, 33.46%, and 18.03%, respectively. Complications, criticality of the disease, gender of the patients, the occurrence of death, and the excessive length of hospital stay all had great impacts on average medical expenditure, while age, hospital infection, and surgery showed no significant impact on average medical cost. Conclusions: The main factors for high inpatient expenditure included the inadequate use of high-value medicines and materials, lacking cost control measures within the hospital, the excessive length of hospital stay for inpatients, and the unnecessary treatment for the patients. PMID:27647192

  2. Factors influence customer satisfaction in mobile commerce : a research on Vietnamese mobile users

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Phuong Anh

    2015-01-01

    Mobile commerce – a relative new commerce mode, has become a major topic for many researchers. Along with it, measuring customer satisfaction in m- commerce is important for a wide range of firms, for it is a key element to ensure firms’ success. This thesis seeks to elucidate mobile customer’s perceptions regarding mobile commerce in Vietnam. The thesis provides an explanation on whether these customers are satisfied with m-commerce. In addition, features and challenges of m-commerce are...

  3. The influence of environmental factors on the generalisability of public health research evidence: physical activity as a worked example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watts Paul

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is rare that decisions about investing in public health interventions in a city, town or other location can be informed by research generated in that specific place. It is therefore necessary to base decisions on evidence generated elsewhere and to make inferences about the extent to which this evidence is generalisable to the place of interest. In this paper we discuss the issues involved in making such inferences, using physical activity as an example. We discuss the ways in which elements of the structural, physical, social and/or cultural environment (environmental factors [EFs] can shape physical activity (PA and also how EFs may influence the effectiveness of interventions that aim to promote PA. We then highlight the ways in which EFs may impact on the generalisability of different types of evidence. Discussion We present a framework for thinking about the influence of EFs when assessing the generalisability of evidence from the location in which the evidence was generated (place A to the location to which the evidence is to be applied (place B. The framework relates to similarities and differences between place A and place B with respect to: a the distributions of EFs; b the causal pathways through which EFs or interventions are thought to exert their effect on PA and c the ways in which EFs interact with each other. We suggest, using examples, how this scheme can be used by public health professionals who are designing, executing, reporting and synthesising research on PA; or designing/implementing interventions. Summary Our analysis and scheme, although developed for physical activity, may potentially be adapted and applied to other evidence and interventions which are likely to be sensitive to influence by elements of the structural, physical, social and/or cultural environment such as the epidemiology of obesity and healthy weight promotion.

  4. [Research on carbon reduction potential of electric vehicles for low-carbon transportation and its influencing factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xiao-Qing; Li, Xiao-Nuo; Yang, Jian-Xin

    2013-01-01

    Transportation is the key industry of urban energy consumption and carbon emissions. The transformation of conventional gasoline vehicles to new energy vehicles is an important initiative to realize the goal of developing low-carbon city through energy saving and emissions reduction, while electric vehicles (EV) will play an important role in this transition due to their advantage in energy saving and lower carbon emissions. After reviewing the existing researches on energy saving and emissions reduction of electric vehicles, this paper analyzed the factors affecting carbon emissions reduction. Combining with electric vehicles promotion program in Beijing, the paper analyzed carbon emissions and reduction potential of electric vehicles in six scenarios using the optimized energy consumption related carbon emissions model from the perspective of fuel life cycle. The scenarios included power energy structure, fuel type (energy consumption per 100 km), car type (CO2 emission factor of fuel), urban traffic conditions (speed), coal-power technologies and battery type (weight, energy efficiency). The results showed that the optimized model was able to estimate carbon emissions caused by fuel consumption more reasonably; electric vehicles had an obvious restrictive carbon reduction potential with the fluctuation of 57%-81.2% in the analysis of six influencing factors, while power energy structure and coal-power technologies play decisive roles in life-cycle carbon emissions of electric vehicles with the reduction potential of 78.1% and 81.2%, respectively. Finally, some optimized measures were proposed to reduce transport energy consumption and carbon emissions during electric vehicles promotion including improving energy structure and coal technology, popularizing energy saving technologies and electric vehicles, accelerating the battery R&D and so on. The research provides scientific basis and methods for the policy development for the transition of new energy vehicles

  5. Research on the Influence of Accountants’ Human Capital Factors on Profit Manipulation Based on Data Envelopment Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinqiu Wang

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the investigation of the influence of human factors on the profit manipulation. Literature review indicated that although earning management and profit manipulation has been discussed in previous study, little study has done in the investigation of the influence of human factors. To address this issue, this study has developed a new analysis model based on the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA to assess the influence of human factors on profit manipulation. The innovation lies in that the education level of the accountants, the accountant number and the gender of the executors have been analyzed using the DEA to determine their influence on the profit manipulation. Empirical analysis has been carried out by the use of historical data of Hangzhou City, China. The DEA analysis results show that the profit manipulation is influenced significantly by the factors of the education level and number of the accountants. Hence, to constrain the illegal profit manipulation, it is essential to improve the education level of the accountants and control their number. The findings of this study contribute to the body of knowledge in the earning management and can be referred in the profit manipulation control.

  6. Factors influencing pacing in triathlon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Sam Sx; Peiffer, Jeremiah J; Brisswalter, Jeanick; Nosaka, Kazunori; Abbiss, Chris R

    2014-01-01

    Triathlon is a multisport event consisting of sequential swim, cycle, and run disciplines performed over a variety of distances. This complex and unique sport requires athletes to appropriately distribute their speed or energy expenditure (ie, pacing) within each discipline as well as over the entire event. As with most physical activity, the regulation of pacing in triathlon may be influenced by a multitude of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The majority of current research focuses mainly on the Olympic distance, whilst much less literature is available on other triathlon distances such as the sprint, half-Ironman, and Ironman distances. Furthermore, little is understood regarding the specific physiological, environmental, and interdisciplinary effects on pacing. Therefore, this article discusses the pacing strategies observed in triathlon across different distances, and elucidates the possible factors influencing pacing within the three specific disciplines of a triathlon.

  7. Factors Influencing Rural Women Cassava Processors' Intention to Participate in an Agricultural Extension Education Program. Summary of Research 80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojomo, Christian O.; McCaslin, N. L.

    A study examined factors influencing female cassava processors' intentions regarding participation in an extension education program on cassava processing in rural Nigeria. Interviews were conducted with 224 women who were purposely selected from areas of zone 3 of Ondo State, Nigeria, which has large concentrations of cassava processors.…

  8. The Delphi Method : methodological issues arising from a study examining factors influencing the publication or non-Publication of mental health nursing research

    OpenAIRE

    Ashmore, Russell; Flanagan, Tracy; McInnes, Doug; Banks, David

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – The paper describes how the classic Delphi method can be adapted and structured to ensure that specific research questions are clearly addressed. \\ud \\ud Design/methodology/approach – As part of a larger mixed method project, a modified Delphi study was undertaken to explore factors influencing publication and non-publication of mental health nursing research. \\ud \\ud Findings - This paper reports brief findings from the Delphi study. However, its main focus is the methodological is...

  9. 种子研发产出影响因素排序研究%Research on the Influence Factor Ranking of Seed Research and Development Output

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王熙繁; 孙静; 侯军岐

    2015-01-01

    种子更新换代是种子企业在激烈的竞争中脱颖而出的一个重要环节,由此,种子研发技术的进步是带动种子企业发展壮大的关键,种子企业为了保持在市场竞争中的优势,就要求其或与育种科研部门保持密切的合作关系,或者建立自己的种子科研和繁育队伍来提高研发能力,为种子企业增加利润,本文通过引入层次分析法,建立层次分析模型,并结合定性分析与定量分析,来研究影响种业研发产出的诸多因素权重的确定与排序,以加速助力种子企业研发能力提升,为种子企业发展带来勃勃生机。%Seed upgrading is an important link for seed enterprise to stand out in the fierce competition. As a result, the seed research and development technology progress is the key to drive the seed enterprise development. In order to keep the advantages in the market competition, seed companies should keep close cooperation relationship with breeding scientific research departments, or set up their own seed research and breeding team to improve the research and development ability and increase profits. This paper introduces analytic hierarchy process, sets up analytic hierarchy model, and combines qualitative analysis with quantitative analysis to study the determination and ranking of the weight of the factors influencing the research and development of seed industry output, to speed up the seed enterprise research and development and bring vitality to the development of seed enterprises.

  10. Factors influencing pacing in triathlon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu SSX

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sam SX Wu,1 Jeremiah J Peiffer,2 Jeanick Brisswalter,3 Kazunori Nosaka,1 Chris R Abbiss1 1Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia; 2School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia; 3Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France Abstract: Triathlon is a multisport event consisting of sequential swim, cycle, and run disciplines performed over a variety of distances. This complex and unique sport requires athletes to appropriately distribute their speed or energy expenditure (ie, pacing within each discipline as well as over the entire event. As with most physical activity, the regulation of pacing in triathlon may be influenced by a multitude of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The majority of current research focuses mainly on the Olympic distance, whilst much less literature is available on other triathlon distances such as the sprint, half-Ironman, and Ironman distances. Furthermore, little is understood regarding the specific physiological, environmental, and interdisciplinary effects on pacing. Therefore, this article discusses the pacing strategies observed in triathlon across different distances, and elucidates the possible factors influencing pacing within the three specific disciplines of a triathlon. Keywords: cycle, endurance, multisport, pacing strategy, run, swim

  11. Reduction of Influence Factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Regtien, Paulus P.L.; Sydenham, Peter H.; Thorn, Richard

    Any measurement system has imperfections and any act of measurement is liable to errors. Measurement errors either originate from system deficiencies (for instance system noise, quantization, and drift), or are due to environmental influences such as thermal, electromagnetic, and mechanical

  12. Research on community elderly quality of life and its influencing factors in Changchun City of Jilin Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Fengge

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand the status and influencing factors of the quality of life of the elderly patients in the community of Changchun City, and provide the basis for drawing up the interventions about improving the quality of life of the elderly patients in the community. Methods: 498 elderly patients were investigated by using random sampling method and QOL - BREF and self-designed questionnaire. Results: The scores of the quality of life were: PSYCH (13.00±1.91, ENVIR (13.39±2.23, PHYS (13.47±1.71 and SOCIL (14.21±2.56. The scores of quality of life self-evaluation and health condition self-evaluation were respectively (72.01±17.14 and (66.30±14.23. The results showed that gender, age, degree of education, marriage situation, vocation, income level can affect four aspects of the quality of life. The main factors influenced the scores of QOL were: leisure opportunities, satisfaction with health care services, satisfaction with sleep, interpersonal relationship, self-appreciation in appearance and satisfaction with the degree of the ability of daily life. Conclusion: The effective measures should be taken to improve the quality of the elderly patients, such as improving the healthy care function, establishing great supporting system in community.

  13. Phonological Awareness: Factors of Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frohlich, Linda Paulina; Petermann, Franz; Metz, Dorothee

    2013-01-01

    Early child development is influenced by various genetic and environmental factors. This study aims to identify factors that affect the phonological awareness of preschool and first grade children. Based on a sample of 330 German-speaking children (mean age = 6.2 years) the following domains were evaluated: Parent factors, birth and pregnancy,…

  14. Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnathon P. Ehsani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available An increasing number of countries are requiring an extended learner permit prior to independent driving. The question of when drivers begin the learner permit period, and how long they hold the permit before advancing to independent licensure has received little research attention. Licensure timing is likely to be related to “push” and “pull” factors which may encourage or inhibit the process. To examine this question, we recruited a sample of 90 novice drivers (49 females and 41 males, average age of 15.6 years soon after they obtained a learner permit and instrumented their vehicles to collect a range of driving data. Participants completed a series of surveys at recruitment related to factors that may influence licensure timing. Two distinct findings emerged from the time-to-event analysis that tested these push and pull factors in relation to licensure timing. The first can be conceptualized as teens’ motivation to drive (push, reflected in a younger age when obtaining a learner permit and extensive pre-permit driving experience. The second finding was teens’ perceptions of their parents’ knowledge of their activities (pull; a proxy for a parents’ attentiveness to their teens’ lives. Teens who reported higher levels of their parents’ knowledge of their activities took longer to advance to independent driving. These findings suggest time-to-licensure may be related to teens’ internal motivation to drive, and the ability of parents to facilitate or impede early licensure.

  15. Empirical Research on Factors Influencing Level of Environmental Protection Information Disclosure in Annual Reports by Listed Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Jinfeng; Xue Huifeng

    2009-01-01

    Taking 248 A-share manufacturing listed companies in 2006 Shanghai Stock Exchange as example,using "index method" to measure level of environmental protection information disclosure,this paper examines the factors influencing level of environmental protection information disclosure.The findings show that the disclosure level has improved,but the overall level is still low and unable to satisfy information users;there is positive correlation between corporate size,industry type,accounting firm's type and corporate environmental disclosure index.The companies of large scale and heavy pollution and those audited by international "Big 4" and domestic "Big 10" accounting firms have a high level of environmental disclosure,while the profitability and financial leverage has no impact on the disclosure level.Finally some suggestions are put forward to establish environmental information disclosure system in China.

  16. 医院患者安全文化影响因素研究进展%Research Progress of Influencing Factors of Hospital Patient Safety Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康敏; 黄照权; 石武祥

    2016-01-01

    本文阐述了国内外患者安全文化影响因素的研究现状,总结了医务人员的工作年限、职称和文化程度等个体特征以及医院规模、等级、组织管理等环境因素对患者安全文化的影响,指出了患者安全文化影响因素研究的不足及未来发展趋势,为患者安全文化建设的政策制定和进一步研究提供线索和理论依据.%This article is to review the research status on the influencing factors of hospital patient safety culture, and summarize the influ-ence of individual characteristics of the medical personnel such as working years, professionals and cultural levels and environmental factors such as hospital scale, grade, management on hospital patient safety culture.It tells about the achievements and shortcomings, and the future develop-ment trend of research on influencing factors of patient safety culture, and provides clues and theoretical basis for enriching and improving hospital patient safety culture.

  17. Research on the Influence Factors of Fatty Acid Value Determination%脂肪酸值测定影响因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽娜

    2015-01-01

    In the article, it discussed the influence factors of fatty acid value determination, expounded the relationship between the main influence factors and fatty acid value, such as temperature, crushing fineness, stroke speed, extraction time, CO2 and titration end judgment, introduced the development of fatty acid value determination methods, provided a reference for the determination of fatty acid value and its research.%探讨影响脂肪酸值测定的因素,论述温度、粉碎细度、震荡速率及提取时间、CO2、滴定终点判定等主要影响因素与脂肪酸值的关系,介绍脂肪酸值测定方法研究进展,为脂肪酸值测定及开展试验研究提供参考。

  18. Factors Influencing Healthcare Service Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad

    2014-01-01

    Background The main purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence healthcare quality in the Iranian context. Methods Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 222 healthcare stakeholders including healthcare providers, managers, policy-makers, and payers to identify factors affecting the quality of healthcare services provided in Iranian healthcare organisations. Results Quality in healthcare is a production o...

  19. Factors influencing successful peer-reviewed publication of original research presentations from the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKinney, Erin C; Chun, Robert H; Cassidy, Laura D; Link, T Roxanne; Sulman, Cecille G; Kerschner, Joseph E

    2015-03-01

    To analyze factors associated with progression of an original scientific presentation at the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) Annual Meeting to publication in a peer-reviewed journal. A dataset of presenters was created to enable prospective follow-up to assess early impressions regarding publication success with longer-term publication outcomes. Prior to the Annual ASPO meeting in 2013, a survey consisting of 10 questions was e-mailed to all 59 presenters. Questions were designed to assess presenter expectations on publication, barriers to publishing, and experience in presenting, publishing and clinical practice. A second survey was sent 12 months later to those respondents of the first survey who were amenable to follow-up. Overall, 46 of 59 (78%) presenters responded to the initial survey prior to their ASPO 2013 presentation. Of these, 34 agreed to participate in a longer-term follow-up of their presentation to publication experience. Of these 34, there were 17 who participated in the follow-up survey 1 year later. Just under half of the original respondents were residents (46%). All presenters (100%) planned to re-submit a revised manuscript if initially rejected. However, 35% of follow-up respondents did not make initial submission to a peer-reviewed journal. Results of a descriptive analysis suggest that more experienced researchers expect their submitted manuscript to be accepted for publication within a shorter time frame than those that have published fewer papers. Time was ranked as the greatest barrier to publication (60%) of those surveyed both in the initial prospective survey and for those who did not publish a paper in the follow-up survey (83%). This study suggests a strong desire and expectation of publishing ASPO presentations. Despite this expectation, past research and this data set suggest this expectation often does not materialize. "Time constraints" were the most commonly identified barrier to publication. To enhance

  20. Factors influencing willingness to participate in multi-stakeholder platform by smallholder farmers in Northern Ghana: implication for research and development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martey, Edward; Etwire, Prince M; Wiredu, Alexander N; Dogbe, Wilson

    2014-01-01

    ...’ participation. The present study identified the factors influencing willingness to participate in innovation platform and also tested the level of agreement among the identified constraints associated...

  1. Computational challenges and human factors influencing the design and use of clinical research participant eligibility pre-screening tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pressler Taylor R

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical trials are the primary mechanism for advancing clinical care and evidenced-based practice, yet challenges with the recruitment of participants for such trials are widely recognized as a major barrier to these types of studies. Data warehouses (DW store large amounts of heterogenous clinical data that can be used to enhance recruitment practices, but multiple challenges exist when using a data warehouse for such activities, due to the manner of collection, management, integration, analysis, and dissemination of the data. A critical step in leveraging the DW for recruitment purposes is being able to match trial eligibility criteria to discrete and semi-structured data types in the data warehouse, though trial eligibility criteria tend to be written without concern for their computability. We present the multi-modal evaluation of a web-based tool that can be used for pre-screening patients for clinical trial eligibility and assess the ability of this tool to be practically used for clinical research pre-screening and recruitment. Methods The study used a validation study, usability testing, and a heuristic evaluation to evaluate and characterize the operational characteristics of the software as well as human factors affecting its use. Results Clinical trials from the Division of Cardiology and the Department of Family Medicine were used for this multi-modal evaluation, which included a validation study, usability study, and a heuristic evaluation. From the results of the validation study, the software demonstrated a positive predictive value (PPV of 54.12% and 0.7%, respectively, and a negative predictive value (NPV of 73.3% and 87.5%, respectively, for two types of clinical trials. Heuristic principles concerning error prevention and documentation were characterized as the major usability issues during the heuristic evaluation. Conclusions This software is intended to provide an initial list of eligible patients to a

  2. Factors that influence women's dispositions toward science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atria, Catherine Graczyk

    Females have been underrepresented in the study of science and science careers for decades although advancements have been made in closing this gender gap, the gap persists particularly in the physical sciences. Variables which influence a woman's desire to pursue and maintain a science course of study and career must be discovered. The United States lags behind other industrialized countries in the fields of science, math, and engineering. Females comprise an estimated half of the population; their potential contributions cannot be ignored or overlooked. This retrospective research study explores the personal experiences of ten women enrolled in science majors, with science related career plans. The goal of this study is to describe the factors that influence the participants' interest in science. The findings, the effect of science coursework, science teachers' personality and manner, other influential educational personnel, role models and mentors, external influences exclusive of school, parental influence, locus of control and positive attitudes toward science confirm what other researchers have found.

  3. Uncovering Factors Influencing Interpersonal Health Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donné, Lennie; Jansen, Carel; Hoeks, John

    2017-01-01

    Talking to friends, family, or peers about health issues might, among other things, increase knowledge of social norms and feelings of self-efficacy in adopting a healthier lifestyle. We often see interpersonal health communication as an important mediating factor in the effects of health campaigns on health behavior. No research has been done so far, however, on factors that influence whether and how people talk about health issues without being exposed to a health campaign first. In this exploratory study, we interviewed 12 participants about their communication behavior concerning six different health themes, like smoking and exercising. The results suggest that at least four types of interpersonal health communication can be distinguished, each influenced by different factors, like conversational partner and objective of the conversation. Future research should take this diversity of interpersonal health communication into account, and focus on designing health campaigns that aim to trigger dialogue within target populations.

  4. Research on 2041 Cases of High Inpatient Expenditure and Influence Factors during 3 Years in a Single Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suo-Wei Wu

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: The main factors for high inpatient expenditure included the inadequate use of high-value medicines and materials, lacking cost control measures within the hospital, the excessive length of hospital stay for inpatients, and the unnecessary treatment for the patients.

  5. Remarks on the physical factor influencing the individual language learners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晨君

    2015-01-01

    individual language learner as a subject of learning can be influenced by many factors such as physical factor,cognitive factor,and affective factor.All of which play an important role in language learning.These three factors are worthy of our research and physical factor will be discussed in this essay.

  6. Research Review: Maternal Prenatal Distress and Poor Nutrition--Mutually Influencing Risk Factors Affecting Infant Neurocognitive Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monk, Catherine; Georgieff, Michael K.; Osterholm, Erin A.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Accumulating data from animal and human studies indicate that the prenatal environment plays a significant role in shaping children's neurocognitive development. Clinical, epidemiologic, and basic science research suggests that two experiences relatively common in pregnancy--an unhealthy maternal diet and psychosocial…

  7. Research Review: Maternal Prenatal Distress and Poor Nutrition--Mutually Influencing Risk Factors Affecting Infant Neurocognitive Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monk, Catherine; Georgieff, Michael K.; Osterholm, Erin A.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Accumulating data from animal and human studies indicate that the prenatal environment plays a significant role in shaping children's neurocognitive development. Clinical, epidemiologic, and basic science research suggests that two experiences relatively common in pregnancy--an unhealthy maternal diet and psychosocial…

  8. INFLUENCE FACTORS FOR LEASING MARKET CONTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana BĂRBULESCU

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the relationship between leasing contracts and some factors that influence the value of these contracts. In order to do this, we have decided on some quantitative marketing research by appealing to statistics for accomplishing the objectives that we have set: to find a correlation between the turnover percentage assigned to leasing expenses and several influence factors. This study indicated that the more contracts are signed by a firm, the more likely is to assign a bigger fraction of the income to each new leasing contract. The study confirmed that bigger companies are relying more on leasing as a way of financing than small companies. This study also discovered that companies with more employees are using larger contracts in order to sustain their activity. The findings are expected to contribute to adjusting the offers by the leasing companies, taking into consideration these factors and to using these factors in order to better predict the market evolution.

  9. 护士职业精神及其影响因素的研究进展%The Research Progress of Nurse Professionalism and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴茜; 孙晓; 施雁; 张曙映

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the concept and connotation of the nurse professionalism, introduces the re-search status of foreign nurses professionalism assessment tools,discusses the influence factors of nurse professional-ism,including:personal factors, organizational factors and occupational factors.It also puts forward following sugges-tions:constructing the nurse professionalism of theoretical system and evaluation methods, advocating the spirit of nurses professionalism cultivation,creating a health care professional environment,providing the reference the devel-opment of our country's theory and improve the nurse professionalism.%阐述护士职业精神的概念与内涵,介绍国外护士职业精神测评工具研究现状,综合论述了护士职业精神的影响因素包括个人因素、组织因素和职业因素,并提出构建我国护士职业精神的理论体系和评价方式、倡导护士职业精神培育和营造健康的护理职业环境等建议,为发展我国护士职业精神理论和提高护士职业精神提供参考。

  10. Investigating different factors influencing on brand equity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsane Zamanimoghadam

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine and prioritize factors influencing on brand equity in consumer’s point of view for a case study of Samsung appliance consumers in city of Tehran, Iran. The study investigates the effects of four factors in terms of the customer's perspective, price, advertisement, family and brand image, by dimensions of brand equity, perceived quality, brand awareness, brand association, brand loyalty, on brand equity. The research method is based on a descriptive-survey research. The questionnaire includes Samsung consumers in city of Tehran, Iran. To test the hypotheses, SPSS and LISREL software packages are used. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and inferential statistical tests including structural equation modeling and path analysis are used. The results of the survey have indicated that family and brand image influence positively on brand equity but the effects of advertisement and price on brand equity were not confirmed.

  11. Factors Influencing Healthcare Service Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background The main purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence healthcare quality in the Iranian context. Methods Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 222 healthcare stakeholders including healthcare providers, managers, policy-makers, and payers to identify factors affecting the quality of healthcare services provided in Iranian healthcare organisations. Results Quality in healthcare is a production of cooperation between the patient and the healthcare provider in a supportive environment. Personal factors of the provider and the patient, and factors pertaining to the healthcare organisation, healthcare system, and the broader environment affect healthcare service quality. Healthcare quality can be improved by supportive visionary leadership, proper planning, education and training, availability of resources, effective management of resources, employees and processes, and collaboration and cooperation among providers. Conclusion This article contributes to healthcare theory and practice by developing a conceptual framework that provides policy-makers and managers a practical understanding of factors that affect healthcare service quality.

  12. Factors Influencing Impulse Buying in Retail Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgadze, Nino

    2014-01-01

    Impulse buying is a widely pervasive phenomenon. Statistics shows that more and more shoppers are experiencing irresistible urge to purchase unplanned and in most cases unnecessary product. Existing researches fall short in identifying most suitable tools that marketers can adopt in order to promote impulsive sales. Therefore, this thesis provides deep analysis of those, controllable factors that influence impulse buying. Particularly four external cues are examined: product display, promotio...

  13. This research is to study the factors which influence the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’. The data employed in the study are primary data within the period of July to August 2013, 30 research observations through census method. Method of analysis used in the study is multiple linear regressions. The results of analysis showed that the factors of labor, innovation and promotion have positive and significant influence on the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’ simultaneously. The analysis also showed that partially labor has positive and significant influence on the business success, yet innovation and promotion have insignificant and positive influence on the business success.

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Inggrita Gusti Sari; Muchtar, Yasmin Chairunnisa

    2013-01-01

    This research is to study the factors which influence the business success of small business ‘processed rotan’. The data employed in the study are primary data within the period of July to August 2013, 30 research observations through census method. Method of analysis used in the study is multiple linear regressions. The results of analysis showed that the factors of labor, innovation and promotion have positive and significant influence on the business success of small busine...

  14. Influence of organizational factors on safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haber, S.B.; Metlay, D.S.; Crouch, D.A.

    1990-01-01

    There is a need for a better understanding of exactly how organizational management factors at a nuclear power plant (NPP) affect plant safety performance, either directly or indirectly, and how these factors might be observed, measured, and evaluated. The purpose of this research project is to respond to that need by developing a general methodology for characterizing these organizational and management factors, systematically collecting information on their status and integrating that information into various types of evaluative activities. Research to date has included the development of the Nuclear Organization and Management Analysis Concept (NOMAC) of a NPP, the identification of key organizational and management factors, and the identification of the methods for systematically measuring and analyzing the influence of these factors on performance. Most recently, two field studies, one at a fossil fuel plant and the other at a NPP, were conducted using the developed methodology. Results are presented from both studies highlighting the acceptability, practicality, and usefulness of the methods used to assess the influence of various organizational and management factors including culture, communication, decision-making, standardization, and oversight. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  15. What Factors Influence Knowledge Sharing in Organizations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Razmerita, Liana; Kirchner, Kathrin; Nielsen, Pia

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Enterprise social media platforms provide new ways of sharing knowledge and communicating within organizations to benefit from the social capital and valuable knowledge that employees have. Drawing on social dilemma and self-determination theory, the aim of the study is to understand what...... factors drive employees’ participation and what factors hamper their participation in enterprise social media. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a literature review, a unified research model is derived integrating demographic, individual, organizational and technological factors that influence...... knowledge sharing framework helps to understand what factors impact engagement on social media. Furthermore the article suggests different types of interventions to overcome the social dilemma of knowledge sharing. Originality/value: The study contributes to an understanding of factors leading...

  16. Factors influencing women's decisions to purchase specific ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: multi-nutrient supplements; survey; children; women's decisions. Factors influencing .... associations between level of education and various factors influencing women's ..... Social marketing improved the use of multivitamin and ...

  17. Anchoring contextual analysis in health policy and systems research: A narrative review of contextual factors influencing health committees in low and middle income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Asha; Scott, Kerry; Garimella, Surekha; Mondal, Shinjini; Ved, Rajani; Sheikh, Kabir

    2015-05-01

    Health committees, councils or boards (HCs) mediate between communities and health services in many health systems. Despite their widespread prevalence, HC functions vary due to their diversity and complexity, not least because of their context specific nature. We undertook a narrative review to better understand the contextual features relevant to HCs, drawing from Scopus and the internet. We found 390 English language articles from journals and grey literature since 1996 on health committees, councils and boards. After screening with inclusion and exclusion criteria, we focused on 44 articles. Through an iterative process of exploring previous attempts at understanding context in health policy and systems research (HPSR) and the HC literature, we developed a conceptual framework that delineates these contextual factors into four overlapping spheres (community, health facilities, health administration, society) with cross-cutting issues (awareness, trust, benefits, resources, legal mandates, capacity-building, the role of political parties, non-governmental organizations, markets, media, social movements and inequalities). While many attempts at describing context in HPSR result in empty arenas, generic lists or amorphous detail, we suggest anchoring an understanding of context to a conceptual framework specific to the phenomena of interest. By doing so, our review distinguishes between contextual elements that are relatively well understood and those that are not. In addition, our review found that contextual elements are dynamic and porous in nature, influencing HCs but also being influenced by them due to the permeability of HCs. While reforms focus on tangible HC inputs and outputs (training, guidelines, number of meetings held), our review of contextual factors highlights the dynamic relationships and broader structural elements that facilitate and/or hinder the role of health committees in health systems. Such an understanding of context points to its

  18. The Research of Influencing Factor to Cigarette End Tobacco Loss%影响烟支端部落丝量的因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    容秀英

    2014-01-01

    通过对可能影响烟支端部落丝量的各因素如烟支质量、烟支密度(分整支烟支密度和烟支端面密度)、烟支水份、烟支含末率、烟丝结构等进行测试和分析,从而确定影响烟支端部落丝量的主要因素,为卷烟生产中控制烟支端部落丝量提供依据和指引。%The goal of research is that to test and analyze the influencing factors of cigarette end tobacco loss, which maybe include cigarette quality,cigarette density,moisture of cigarette,smoke dust content and cut tobacco structure. Thus to confirm the main factor affects cigarette end tobacco loss,and provide basis and guide to controlling the cigarette end tobacco loss in productive process.

  19. Research on the University Teachers' Job Performance and its Influencing Factors%高校教师工作绩效的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈威燕; 李强; 王智宁

    2015-01-01

    The performance of university teachers is an important manifestation of the results of teaching and research activities, and a direct reflection of the level of their teaching and research capacity, so focusing on the impact factors of college teachers' job performance has great significance. The relevant researches about the university teachers' performance factors is extensively single and is lack of a comprehensive analysis of multiple affect sources. From the aspects of individual teachers, work, university and society, the paper summarizes the main factors affecting job performance of university teachers on the basis of 288 valid questionnaires from university teachers by factor analysis, and uses multiple regression analysis to determine the degree of influence of various factors. The results show that the main factors affecting the job performance of university teachers are the positive mental ability of individual teachers , the university system and external resources, leadership and team support, material and spiritual motivation, individual knowledge and skills and teachers' organizational commitment. Systems and external resources, the positive mental ability and leadership and team support have the most significant positive effect on the performance of research and teaching. The effect of material and spiritual motivation , self-knowledge and skills on the results of the research performance is not significant, but it has a significant positive effect on the teaching performance. Teachers' organizational commitment has minimal impact and it has a negative impact on scientific performance and a positive impact on teaching performance.%高校教师工作绩效是直接反映其教学水平和科研能力的高低,因此关注高校教师工作绩效的影响因素具有重要意义。已有研究对于高校教师工作绩效影响因素的选择过于单一,缺乏多个层面影响源的综合分析。文章从教师个体、工作、高校及

  20. Experimental research on influencing factors of wet removal of NO from coal-fired flue gas by UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Wet removal of NO from coal-fired flue gas by UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP) were investigated in a self-designed UV-bubble reactor. Several main influencing factors (UV intensity, H2O2 initial concentration, initial pH value, solution temperature, NO initial concentration, liquid-gas ratio and O2 percentage content) on the NO removal efficiency were studied. The results showed that UV intensity, H2O2 initial concentration, NO initial concentration and liquid-gas ratio are the main influencing factors. In the best conditions, the highest NO removal efficiency by UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process could reach 82.9%. Based on the experimental study, the influencing mechanism of the relevant influencing factors were discussed in depth.

  1. Analysis of Factors Influencing Migrant Workers' Income in China - Based on Empirical Research of Survey and Research Data in Shanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Xue, Jun-Li

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of conducting field survey of migrant workers in 18 counties of Shanxi Province, this article analyses the basic characteristics of migrant workers in Shanxi Province, and adopts revised Mincer model to conduct empirical analysis of various factors concerning the income of migrant workers in Shanxi Province . the results show that age, gender, skills and other factors, have significant impact on migrant workers' income, while the educational level and the working places within th...

  2. Research concerning the influence of several factors on Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions adsorption by natural zeolite tuff from Maramureş county, Northern Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Costin

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to highlight the influence that certain parameters have on theremoval efficiency of Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions from industrial wastewater using natural zeolite tuff.Environmental and human health damage arising due to heavy metal content in surface water andgroundwater have been challenging for researchers to find the most effective treatment methods with ahigh yield and relatively low cost (Carland & Aplan 1995; Curkovic et al 1997; Inglezakis et al 2003;Inglezakis et al 2005. They may well be achieved by using natural zeolites whose properties such as:molecular sieves, adsorption, hydration-dehydration without modifying their structural network, whichgive them an important role in the removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater (Alvarez-Ayuso et al2003; Peric et al 2004. For this experiment the zeolite tuff sample was taken from a perimeter withvolcanic tuffs located in the Bârsana area, Maramures County, Romania. During the batch experiment theinfluence of certain factors on the ion exchange process was observed, like: particle diameter of zeolitetuff and the pH of the contact solution. After processing the data it was found that the highest levels ofspecific adsorption for all studied heavy metal ions has been obtained for the lowest average diameters(d = 0.037 mm of the ground natural zeolite used in the experiment and the best adsorption has beendone at the highest pH used in the experiment (pH = 4.

  3. Theoretical difference between impact factor and influence factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đilda Pečarić

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Bibliometric constructions of "knowledge maps" and "cognitive structures of science" do not differentiate between impact and influence factors. The difference can be constructedaccording to different meaning and interpretation of the terms reference and citation. Reference is "acknowledgment which one author gives to another", whereas citation is "acknowledgment which one document receives from another". Development of Information Science according to period and subject area is analyzed on the corpus of citation literature retrieved from doctoral dissertations in Information Science from 1978 to 2007 at Croatian universities. The research aim is to indicate the difference between document impact factor and author's influence factor (i.e. reference ability to produce effects on actions, behavior, and opinions of authors of doctoral theses. The influence factor serves to distinguish the key role of cited authors in time and according to the duration of the influence (the average age for cited papers of dominant authors in different periods is between eight and ten years. The difference between linear and interactive communication seems vital for the interpretation of cited half-life, i.e. the attitude of one science community towards used information resources and cognitive heritage. The analyzed corpus of 22,210 citations can be divided into three communication phases according to influence factor criteria: in the phase of dialogue and interactive communication 25% of bibliographic units are cited in the first four years; in the second phase another 25% of units are cited from the fifth to the ninth year; after ten years, in the dominant linear communication phase, approximately 30% of units are cited.

  4. An Examination of Factors Influencing Students Not To Enroll at the Springfield-Clark JVS, Vanguard JVS, and Lawrence County JVS. Summary of Research 61; Summary of Research 62; Summary of Research 63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    The three studies presented in this document investigated factors that influenced students not to enroll in Ohio joint vocational schools (JVS's) and their nonvocational students in the comprehensive feeder schools for the Springfield-Clark JVS, Lawrence County JVS, and Vanguard JVS during the 1989-90 school year. A student questionnaire acquired…

  5. Analysis of Factors Influencing Migrant Workers’ Income in China——Based on Empirical Research of Survey and Research Data in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of conducting field survey of migrant workers in 18 counties of Shanxi Province, this article analyses the basic characteristics of migrant workers in Shanxi Province, and adopts revised Mincer model to conduct empirical analysis of various factors concerning the income of migrant workers in Shanxi Province. The results show that age, gender, skills and other factors, have significant impact on migrant workers’ income, while the educational level and the working places within the province have inconspicuous impact on migrant workers’ income. Therefore, in order to improve the income of migrant workers in Shanxi Province, we must adopt some measures as follows: train the migrant workers to promote their vocational skills; expand employment space; promote integration of agricultural production, supply and marketing.

  6. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EVOLUTION OF YOUTH TRAVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Student Claudia MOISĂ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Youth travel is an important part of global tourism, consequently, getting to know the evolution of this form of tourism requires an approach of the aspects regarding the permissive and restrictive factors that influence the youth travel dynamic worldwide. In terms of the factors that influence youth travel, we highlighted these two categories of factors (permissive and restrictive and, within each category, we tried to singularize the influence of every factor over youth travel.

  7. Research on the Influence Factors on the Energy Efficiency of Induction Cooker%影响电磁炉能效因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘海元; 陈定武

    2016-01-01

    随着社会发展和人民生活水平的提高,电磁炉由于其安全便捷性,越来越受人们喜爱。同时国民节能减排意识越来越强,怎样提高能效成为电磁炉开发的重要问题。本文作者结合自身工作经验,分析了影响电磁炉能效因并提出提高电磁炉能效的措施和方向。%With the social development and the improvement of people’s living standards, induction cooker become more and more popular due to its safety and convenience. According to the growing national awareness of energy conservation and emissions reduction, how to improve the energy efficiency plays an important role in induction cooker researches. The author combines with his own work experience, and analyzes the influence factors about in-duction cooker’s efficiency and come up with the way to improve energy of efficiency induction cooker in this pa-per.

  8. Physiological factors influencing capillary growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egginton, S

    2011-07-01

    (1) Angiogenesis (growth of new capillaries from an existing capillary bed) may result from a mismatch in microvascular supply and metabolic demand (metabolic error signal). Krogh examined the distribution and number of capillaries to explore the correlation between O(2) delivery and O(2) consumption. Subsequently, the heterogeneity in angiogenic response within a muscle has been shown to reflect either differences in fibre type composition or mechanical load. However, local control leads to targetted angiogenesis in the vicinity of glycolytic fibre types following muscle stimulation, or oxidative fibres following endurance training, while heterogeneity of capillary spacing is maintained during ontogenetic growth. (2) Despite limited microscopy resolution and lack of specific markers, Krogh's interest in the structure of the capillary wall paved the way for understanding the mechanisms of capillary growth. Angiogenesis may be influenced by the response of perivascular or stromal cells (fibroblasts, macrophages and pericytes) to altered activity, likely acting as a source for chemical signals modulating capillary growth such as vascular endothelial growth factor. In addition, haemodynamic factors such as shear stress and muscle stretch play a significant role in adaptive remodelling of the microcirculation. (3) Most indices of capillarity are highly dependent on fibre size, resulting in possible bias because of scaling. To examine the consequences of capillary distribution, it is therefore helpful to quantify the area of tissue supplied by individual capillaries. This allows the spatial limitations inherent in most models of tissue oxygenation to be overcome generating an alternative approach to Krogh's tissue cylinder, the capillary domain, to improve descriptions of intracellular oxygen diffusion. © 2010 The Author. Acta Physiologica © 2010 Scandinavian Physiological Society.

  9. A Review of Factors Influencing Health Inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Almaspoor Khanghah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ​Background and Objectives : Inequity in health is a universal term which is used for showing current differences, variations and inequalities of people in accessing to health services. The current study aimed to assess the factors influencing health inequalities to present the results to the researchers and health care professionals. Material and Methods : In this review, several databases including PubMed, Proquest, Scopus, Google Scholar search engine, SID and IranDoc were searched within 2000-2014 period. We found 746 articles and refined them step by step according to the aim of the study by reviewing the titles, abstracts and full texts. Finally, 16 articles were selected for further study Results: In the present study, identified determinants in health inequalities were as follows: 1- Economic and income factors 2- Political factors, social and public policy 3- Cultural and social values 4- social and demographic factors 5- Behavioral, psychological and biological factors. Although, other factors like governmental, international, social cohesion, incidents and even the health system itself were involved in health inequalities, but the listed determinants were among the most important determinants in health inequalities in the conducted studies. Conclusion : Given the importance of people's health and inequalities in health, the approach should focus on reducing the inequalities in all policies and development programs and the role of these factors should be taken into consideration by managers and policy-makers

  10. Factors influencing aircraft ground handling performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, T. J.

    1983-01-01

    Problems associated with aircraft ground handling operations on wet runways are discussed and major factors which influence tire/runway braking and cornering traction capability are identified including runway characteristics, tire hydroplaning, brake system anomalies, and pilot inputs. Research results from tests with instrumented ground vehicles and aircraft, and aircraft wet runway accident investigation are summarized to indicate the effects of different aircraft, tire, and runway parameters. Several promising means are described for improving tire/runway water drainage capability, brake system efficiency, and pilot training to help optimize aircraft traction performance on wet runways.

  11. 葡萄香气物质及其影响因素的研究进展%Research progress of aromatic compounds and influencing factors in grapes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温可睿; 黄敬寒; 潘秋红; 段长青; 王军

    2012-01-01

    Aromatic compounds are important quality parameters of grape and wine. The aroma chemical compositions in grape berries and wine include terpeniods, norisoprenopids, aromatics, aliphatics, organo-sulfur compounds and methoxypyrazines. The content, quality and balance of these compositions played a conclusive role in grape and wine. This paper reviewed the characteristics and content of sever- al aroma compositions in grape berry and wine ,and reviewed the factors influencing the quantity and composition of aromatic substances in grape berries such as cuhivars, viticultural practices, environmen- tal conditions. It is concluded that dry sandy soil, proper exposure, cool condition, devigorating root- stocks contribute to the formation of aromatic substances. The current research status of the influence fac- tors and the focus of research were also concerned.%香气是衡量葡萄和葡萄酒品质的重要指标。葡萄果实及葡萄酒香气的化学成分主要包括萜烯类化合物、降异戊二烯衍生物、芳香族化合物、挥发性脂肪族化合物、含硫化合物和吡嗪类化合物。这些化合物含量、性质及相互之间的平衡,对葡萄及葡萄酒的香气品质具有决定性作用。综述了几种常见香气物质在葡萄及葡萄酒中的特点和含量,并从内因和外因两个角度综述了各种因素(品种、栽培技术、环境条件等)对葡萄果实的香气物质组成及含量的影响,认为干燥的砂质土壤,适当的曝光,冷凉的气候,生长势弱的砧木等更有利于香气物质的形成,同时分析了各种影响因素的研究现状和目前的研究热点。

  12. Factors influencing condom use among Nigerian undergraduates: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors influencing condom use among Nigerian undergraduates: A mixed method study. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... group discussions) and quantitative (cross-sectional survey) methods were utilised for this study.

  13. Factors influencing the job satisfaction of academics in higher ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors influencing the job satisfaction of academics in higher education. ... 94 respondents from similar departments at a residential and a distance education institution. A questionnaire focused on teaching, research, community service, ...

  14. 'Mum never loved me.' How structural factors influence adolescent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    How structural factors influence adolescent sexual and reproductive health ... Research in high income countries shows parent–child connectedness to be ... to young people's low self-esteem and risky sexual behaviour while unplanned ...

  15. Factors influencing eating attitudes in secondary-school girls in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors influencing eating attitudes in secondary-school girls in South Africa - a preliminary stud. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH. AFRICAN JOURNALS ONLINE (AJOL) ... South African Medical Journal. Journal Home ...

  16. Factors Influencing Psychological Help Seeking in Adults: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the current research is to identify which factors, and in what direction these factors influence adults' decisions to seek psychological help for their personal problems. The research was designed as a phenomenology model; the data was gathered through the semi-structured interview technique, which is mostly used in qualitative research…

  17. FACTORS INFLUENCING BRAND EQUITY OF BALI AS A TOURISM DESTINATION

    OpenAIRE

    I Ketut Surya Diarta; I Gde Pitana; Nyoman Darma Putra; Agung Suryawan Wiranatha

    2016-01-01

    Globally, competition among tourism destinations is more stringent in getting foreign tourists, including Bali. One effort to win the competition is increasing destination brand equity through maintaining its influencing factors and gaining tourist positive behavior toward destination. This effort, in long run, will increase and stabilize destination revenue and sustainability. This research aims to analyze factors influencing brand equity of Bali as a tourism destination. This research was c...

  18. FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPOSTING POULTRY WASTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Kopeć

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Organic recycling of waste, taking into account sanitary safety, should be a fundamental method for recovering the nutrients present in the waste for plants and organic matter. It also refers to by-products of animal origin, which are not intended for consumption by humans. In the present research , composting of hydrated poultry slaughterhouse waste with maize straw was carried out. A combination with fodder yeast and post-cellulose lime was also introduced, which modified chemical and physico-chemical properties of the mixtures. The experiment was carried out by recording the biomass temperature for 110 days in 1.2×1.0×0.8 m reactors with perforated bottoms enabling active aeration. The following parameters were taken into consideration in the composted material: carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, respiratory activity, microorganisms, fractions of compost obtained after washing on sieves. Small amounts of fodder yeast favoured the development of microorganisms and caused a sanitary risk in the final product. At the initial stage, the temperature of raw compost in that object was several degrees lower than in the case of the composted mass without yeast addition. The addition of post-cellulose lime at ratios 6.5:1:6.5 (maize straw: poultry slaughterhouse waste: post-cellulose lime caused a change in the time of microbiological activity, and led to its inhibition in the final process. In comparison to objects with poultry waste, the highest degree of hygienization was found in the compost with post-cellulose lime (with pH close to neutral. By adjusting the ratios of substrates we can influence the microbiological activity, but the amounts of individual substrates should be determined taking into account the quality of the obtained compost.

  19. A survey on factors influencing city branding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohsen Mahmoudzadeh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the issue of “globalization” is entering to all areas in the world. In addition to products and companies, cities and countries also have the opportunity to see themselves as important actors in international arena. Places define their positions in different fields like business, leisure and recreation, educational opportunities, living, etc. This paper presents an empirical study to introduce city branding as one of the solutions to join globalization process. The method of this research is based on the “descriptive-analytic” and utilize the available literature and experts’ opinions to prioritize the influencing factors of city branding. We use Delphi consensus methods and technique of analytical hierarchy process to evaluate the factors. Finally, the results of the study indicate that security, transportation and mental creativity are the weakest fields and business and shopping facilities are strong fields of city branding in metropolitan of Tehran.

  20. Environmental factors influencing the development of atherosclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Brodziak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to present an overview of recent findings on the environmental and behavioral factors influencing the development of atherosclerosis. The authors primarily concentrated on deliberations of possibile main causes of the damage of the endothelium. At the same time the following pathogenic mechanisms as cellular dysfunction, inflammation and coagulation disorders have been enumerated. The links between the state of the vascular endothelium and life style have been emphasized. It is also important to note that the primary causes of the endothelial damage should be traced as originally suggested many years ago viewing such factors as anger, hostility, aggression, impulsiveness and depression but with a new approach. The authors supplement the comments, on the environmental factors influencing the development of atherosclerosis, with basic data on family predisposition to the development of this disease. They highlight that current genetic research have not determined genes responsible for atheroscelosis. According to the authors the considerations and conclusions presented in this overview are important for the educational purposes related to the most frequent disease process resulting in many diseases in medical disciplines.

  1. What Factors Influence Wind Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Tatiana

    Over the last decade, wind power has emerged as a possible source of energy and has attracted the attention of homeowners and policy makers worldwide. Many technological hurdles have been overcome in the last few years that make this technology feasible and economical. The United States has added more wind power than any other type of electric generation in 2012. Depending on the location, wind resources have shown to have the potential to offer 20% of the nation's electricity; a single, large wind turbine has the capacity to produce enough electricity to power 350 homes. Throughout the development of wind turbines, however, energy companies have seen significant public opposition towards the tall white structures. The purpose of this research was to measure peoples' perceptions on wind turbine development throughout their growth, from proposal to existing phase. Three hypotheses were developed based on the participant's political affiliation, proximity and knowledge of wind turbines. To validate these hypotheses, participants were asked an array of questions regarding their perception on economic, environmental, and social impacts of wind turbines with an online service called Amazon Mechanical Turk. The responses were from residents living in the United States and required them to provide their zip code for subsequent analysis. The analysis from the data obtained suggests that participants are favorable towards wind turbine development and would be supportive of using the technology in their community. Political affiliation and proximity to the nearest wind turbine in any phase of development (proposal, construction, existing) were also analyzed to determine if they had an effect on a person's overall perception on wind turbines and their technology. From the analysis, political affiliation was seen to be an indirect factor to understanding favorability towards wind turbines; the more liberal you are, the more supportive you will be towards renewable energy use

  2. Demotivating factors influencing rubber production workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation is one of the most important factors influencing workers' productivity. An increase in workers' motivation could add more value to organizations' structure and influence the profitability, significantly. In this paper, we study different factors on demotivating workers using questionnaire consist of various questions. The questionnaire is distributed among some employees who work for rubber production units located in Esfahan, Iran. The results of this survey indicate that discrimination on annual job compensation, entrusting responsibilities and unpleasant relationship with family partner are some of the most important factors influencing employees' motivation. While financial factors play important role on increasing employees' motivation, non-financial factors are considered more important.

  3. Environmental Factors Influencing Corporate Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araniyar C. Isukul

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available With the enthronement of democratic governance in Nigeria, there is the expectation that democracy would strengthen political institutions, regulatory institutions, and governance effectively, and by so doing, create an enabling environment for good corporate governance practices to thrive. This research uses data from World Bank Governance indicators for three countries, Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt, and examines how institutional quality has changed from 1996 to 2012. The research methodology used in investigating this research is a cross-country research analysis. The findings of this research reveal that the adoption of democratic institutions has not significantly increased the institutional quality of political and regulatory institutions in Nigeria. On the contrary, there has been an increasing trend of political instability and violence; however, there appears to be significant improvement in freedom of the press, democracy has allowed pressed freedom to thrive.

  4. Factors Influencing Acceptance Of Contraceptive Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Gupta

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Research Problem: What are the factors influencing acceptance of contraceptive methods.Objective: To study the determinants influencing contra­ceptive acceptance.Study design: Population based cross - sectional study.Setting: Rural area of East DelhiParticipants: Married women in the reproductive age group.Sample:Stratified sampling technique was used to draw the sample.Sample Size: 328 married women of reproductive age group.Study Variables: Socio-economic status, Type of contraceptive, Family size, Male child.Outcome Variables: Acceptance of contraceptivesStatistical Analysis: By proportions.Result: Prevalence of use of contraception at the time of data collection was 40.5%. Tubectomy and vasectomy were most commonly used methods. (59.4%, n - 133. Educational status of the women positively influenced the contraceptive acceptance but income did not. Desire for more children was single most important deterrent for accepting contraception.Recommendations:(i             Traditional method of contraception should be given more attention.(ii            Couplesshould be brought in the contraceptive use net at the early stage of marriage.

  5. 彩色墨粉的性能影响因素和研究进展%Properties influences factors and research development of color toners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪辉; 姚雪丽; 王肖; 陈辉辉

    2012-01-01

    The properties influence factors of color toners were reviewed. The thermal properties and charge proper- ties of color toners depending on polyester resin and charge control agent (CCA) were emphasized. Furthermore, the development trends of color toners were also described.%综述了彩色墨粉性能的影响因素,着重介绍了聚酯树脂和荷电控制剂对彩色墨粉热性能和电性能的影响,进一步阐述了彩色墨粉的发展趋势。

  6. Psychological Factors Influencing Consumer Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Vainikka, Bianca

    2015-01-01

    This paper’s aim is to provide an in-depth elucidation of the many aspects that influence consumer behaviour. The study of consumer behaviour emphasizes the “why” and “how” questions involved in decision making and buying behaviour. This exciting field visits a dynamic blend of themes of consumer marketing strategies, psychology and behavioural discipline. Consumer behaviour in this day and age is highly applicable to modern society as it is an integral part of our everyday lives. This paper ...

  7. Nurturing Sport Expertise: Factors Influencing the Development of Elite Athlete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Joseph; Horton, Sean; Robertson-Wilson, Jennifer; Wall, Michael

    2003-01-01

    The development of expertise in sport is the result of successful interaction of biological, psychological, and sociological constraints. This review examines the training and environmental factors that influence the acquisition of sport expertise. Research examining the quality and quantity of training indicate that these two elements are crucial predictors of attainment. In addition, the possession of resources such as parental support and adequate coaching are essential. Social factors such as cultural influences and the relative age effect are also considered as determinants of sport expertise. Although it is evident that environmental factors are essential to the acquisition of high levels of sport development, further research is clearly required. PMID:24616603

  8. NURTURING SPORT EXPERTISE: FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF ELITE ATHLETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Wall

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The development of expertise in sport is the result of successful interaction of biological, psychological, and sociological constraints. This review examines the training and environmental factors that influence the acquisition of sport expertise. Research examining the quality and quantity of training indicate that these two elements are crucial predictors of attainment. In addition, the possession of resources such as parental support and adequate coaching are essential. Social factors such as cultural influences and the relative age effect are also considered as determinants of sport expertise. Although it is evident that environmental factors are essential to the acquisition of high levels of sport development, further research is clearly required

  9. Factors that Influence Informal Learning in the Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Shelley A.; Chyung, Seung Youn

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to investigate factors that influence informal learning in the workplace and the types of informal learning activities people engage in at work. More specifically, the research examined: the relationship between informal learning engagement and the presence of learning organization characteristics; and…

  10. Leadership Factors Influencing the Performance of Educational Institutions. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Fred E.

    This document is the summary report of a study having as its main objectives: (1) an intensive study of organizational and group-structural factors influencing the research and teaching effectiveness of individual faculty members and their relations to the students; (2) research investigating the effect of academic area and technology on…

  11. Thymic Output: Influence Factors and Molecular Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rong Jin; Jun Zhang; Weifeng Chen

    2006-01-01

    Thymus is a primary lymphoid organ, able to generate mature T cells that eventually colonize secondary lymphoid organs, and is therefore essential for peripheral T cell renewal. Recent data showed that normal thymocyte export can be altered by several influence factors including several chemokines,sphingosinel-phosphate (S1P),transcription factors such as Foxjl, Kruppel-like transcription factor 2 (KLF2) and antigen stimulation, etc. In this review, we summarized the recent reports about study strategies, influence factors and possible molecular mechanisms in thymic output.

  12. 31. FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF INTERMITTENT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Esem

    treatment of malaria during pregnancy(IPTp), effective IPTp service utilization ... effective case management of malaria. Despite the ... Factors influencing IPTp utilization identified in the study included; educational status of a woman,. Medical ...

  13. Home Environmental Factors Influencing Performance and Progress ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Factors Influencing Performance and Progress of Primary School Pupils in ... found that parents' educational level and income level have a bearing on school ... on school progress and performance, however; home language did play a role.

  14. Factors Influencing Self Employment Media Service Providers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors Influencing Self Employment Media Service Providers among Tertiary ... role stereotype and common business practices on media self employment in ... Sex, Psycho-social Characteristics, self Employment, Providing Media Services.

  15. Age-Related Factors That Influence Fertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can be found at the NICHD Pregnancy Loss topic page . Committee on Gynecologic Practice of American College of ... 2012, from http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/pregnancyloss/researchinfo/Pages/default.aspx [top] « Lifestyle Factors That Influence Fertility ...

  16. Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally fermented milk ... of sub-Saharan Africa and a number of health benefits to human beings are ... Key words: Mursik, Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), probiotic, Preschoolers, Focus group

  17. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF DENTAL NURSING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    drclement

    FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF DENTAL NURSING AS A. PROFESSION ... Colleges of Health Technology undergoing external ... questionnaire requested information on age ... individual with good communication skills and ...

  18. Factors that Influence Adolescents to Smoke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Karen H.; Stutts, Mary Ann

    1999-01-01

    A survey of the factors that influence adolescents (n=246) to smoke found that family smoking behavior, peer pressure, and prior beliefs were more important in predicting smoking level than were advertising and antismoking information. (Author/JOW)

  19. FACTORS INFLUENCING SUSTAINED MANAGERIAL EFFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Marius RIZESCU

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of effectiveness is learnable in economic theory and practice with various forms of manifestation of the results obtained by the managers, such as profitability, the productivity of factors of production, capital efficiency, cost savings, etc. Regarded as the organizing principle and driving activity in the market economy, it has a much richer content and also favorable results of generalizing all derived by managers. Choosing effective in meeting needs with limited resources or powerlessness to maximize resource needs under restrains, are expressions through which efficiency is situated at the heart of economic theory and practice.

  20. RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS FACTORS ON THE ACCURACY OF DETERMINING OF PARAMETERS AND PLACE OF INSULATION DAMAGE IN THE ELECTRIC NETWORKS OF 6 TO 35 KV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naraeva R.R

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is devoted to the research of the method for determining the parameters and plot of insulation damage in the networks of 6 to 35 kV with isolated neutral on the basis of measuring the operating parameters of the network. In the considered three-phase circuit with a symmetric source of EMF and symmetric loading there was a damage of insulation in one of the phases. The calculations are carried out for the transmission line equivalent circuit with a branch line by means of node-potential method. An investigation of the influence of the magnitude of insulation conductivity in the place of damage of different sections of the network upon the accuracy of determining the insulation conductivity is conducted using the data from digital models. The research of this method is performed by advancing hypotheses about the place of damage and by considering the influence of the multiplicity of increasing insulation conductivity of the damaged section and accuracy class of measuring devices.

  1. Research on disaster prevention by human factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Bok Youn; Kang, Chang Hee; Kang, Sun Duck; Jo, Young Do [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea)

    1998-12-01

    Mining, by its very nature, requires workers and technology to function in an unpredictable environment that can not easily be engineered to accommodate human factors. Miners' physical and cognitive capabilities are sometimes stretched to the point that 'human error' in performance result. Mine safety researchers estimate that 50-85% of all mining injuries are due, in large part, to human error. Further research suggests that the primary causes of these errors in performance lie outside the individual and can be minimized by improvements in equipment design, work environments, work procedures and training. The human factors research is providing the science needed to determine which aspects of the mining environment can be made more worker-friendly and how miners can work more safely in environments that can not be improved. Underground mines have long been recognized as an innately hazardous and physically demanding work environment. Recently, mining is becoming a more complicated process as more sophisticated technologies are introduced. The more complicated or difficult the tasks to be performed, the more critical it is to have a systematic understanding of the humans, the technology, the environments, and how they interact. Human factors is a key component in solving most of today's mine safety and health problems. Human factors research primarily centered around solving problems in the following four areas: 1) How mining methods and equipment affect safety, 2) Evaluating the fit between miner's physical capabilities and the demands of their job, 3) Improving miner's ability to perceive and react to hazards, 4) Understanding how organizational and managerial variables influence safety. Human factor research was begun during the World war II. National Coal Board (British Coal) of Great Britain commenced ergonomics in 1969, and Bureau of Mine of United States started human factor researches in same year. Japan has very short history

  2. Organizational Culture Factors that Can Influence Knowledge Transfer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Pastor

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper tries to establish the correlation that exists between the types of organizational culture and the factors that influence knowledge transfer. We started from the hypothesis that organizations which have high scores for cultural factors of openness to change and innovation as well as for task-oriented organizational growth will have the tendency of being favourable to knowledge transfer. Moreover, we started from the hypothesis that organizations that have high scores for bureaucracy and competition factors will have the tendency of being unfavourable to knowledge transfer. The research reached the conclusion that there seems to be a correlation between organizational culture and the factors that influence knowledge transfer.

  3. ENERGY EFFICIENCY. TRENDS AND INFLUENCE FACTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zizi GOSCHIN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Energy efficiency is correlated with many factors of influence: Gross National Income per capita, energy imports (% of energy use, renewable combustible and waste (% of total, energy use per capita, services as % of GDP and others. In this paper we are testing a model of piecewise linear regression with breakpoint in order to measure the influence of these factors on the variation of GDP per unit of energy use in Europe in the year 2003.

  4. Factors influencing women's decision making in hysterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janda, Monika; Armfield, Nigel R; Page, Katie; Kerr, Gayle; Kurz, Suzanne; Jackson, Graeme; Currie, Jason; Weaver, Edward; Yazdani, Anusch; Obermair, Andreas

    2017-09-12

    To explore factors influencing how well-informed women felt about hysterectomy, influences on their decision making, and on them receiving a less-invasive alternative to open surgery. Online questionnaire, conducted in 2015-2016, of women who had received a hysterectomy in Australia, in the preceding two years. Questionnaires were completed by 2319/6000 women (39% response). Most women (n=2225; 96%) felt well-informed about hysterectomy. Women were more aware of the open abdominal approach (n=1798; 77%), than of less-invasive vaginal (n=1552; 67%), laparoscopic (n=1540; 66%), laparoscopic-assisted (n=1303; 56%), and robotic approaches (n=289; 12%). Most women (n=1435; 62%) reported their gynaecologist was the most influential information source. Women who received information about hysterectomy from a GP (OR=1.47; 95% CI 1.15-1.90), or from a gynaecologist (OR=1.3; 95% CI 1.06-1.58), were more likely to feel better informed (p<0.01). This study is important because it helps clinicians, researchers and health policy makers to understand why many women still receive an open abdominal approach despite many learned societies recommending to avoid it if possible. Additional information, or education about avoiding open abdominal approach where possible may lead to a greater number of women receiving less-invasive types of hysterectomy in the future. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Variation properties of ionospheric eclipse factor and ionospheric influence factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Chunmei; YUAN Yunbin; OU Jikun; CHEN Jinping

    2005-01-01

    The concepts and calculation methods of ionospheric eclipse factor (IEF) and ionospheric influence factor (IFF) are further illustrated. The temporal and spacial variation properties of IEF and IFF are studied, which shows that the properties are influenced by the geographic position and season. The possibility of improving the precision of using GPS data to determine ionospheric delay based on the above variation properties is also analysed.

  6. Factors Influencing the Quality of Mobile Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alin ZAMFIROIU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mobile applications are becoming increasingly used. Mobile devices are becoming indispensable for the user. In the material are claiming the sales of mobile devices internationally and the use of mobile applications compared to traditional internet use on desktop systems for the United States. Are presented influences the quality of mobile applications and based on these influencing factors built a model of choice for optimal application of mobile applications and traditional desktop application. At the end of the material presented methods to increase quality by tracking the influence factors during the development of mobile applications.

  7. Factors influencing alginate gel biocompatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Susan K; Dusseault, Julie; Bilodeau, Stéphanie; Langlois, Geneviève; Hallé, Jean-Pierre; Yahia, L'Hocine

    2011-07-01

    Alginate remains the most popular polymer used for cell encapsulation, yet its biocompatibility is inconsistent. Two commercially available alginates were compared, one with 71% guluronate (HiG), and the other with 44% (IntG). Both alginates were purified, and their purities were verified. After 2 days in the peritoneal cavity of C57BL/6J mice, barium (Ba)-gel and calcium (Ca)-gel beads of IntG alginate were clean, while host cells were adhered to beads of HiG alginate. IntG gel beads, however, showed fragmentation in vivo while HiG gel beads stayed firm. The physicochemical properties of the sodium alginates and their gels were thoroughly characterized. The intrinsic viscosity of IntG alginate was 2.5-fold higher than that of HiG alginate, suggesting a greater molecular mass. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that both alginates were similar in elemental composition, including low levels of counterions in all gels. The wettabilities of the alginates and gels were also identical, as measured by contact angles of water on dry films. Ba-gel beads of HiG alginate resisted swelling and degradation when immersed in water, much more than the other gel beads. These results suggest that the main factors contributing to the biocompatibility of gels of purified alginate are the mannuronate/guluronate content and/or intrinsic viscosity.

  8. 影响护士情绪智力因素的研究进展%Research progress on factors influencing nurse's emotional intelligence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 刘晓丹; 赵亦舒; 李娜; 张敏敏

    2013-01-01

    Nurse is the main part of the medical work,whose emotional intelligence level is one of the key factors influencing medical work. So this paper reviewed the related concepts of emotional intelligence, antecedent variables and outcome variables, so as to provide evidences for nursing managers to train nurses'emotional intelligence.%护士是医疗工作的主体,其情绪智力水平是影响医疗工作的关键因素.因此综述了情绪智力相关概念及前因变量和结果变量,为护理管理者对护士情绪智力的培养提供依据.

  9. 残疾人就业及其影响因素研究%A Research on Employment of People with Disabilities and Its Influence Factors in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖娟

    2014-01-01

    通过2009、2012年全国残疾人状况监测数据研究我国残疾人的就业情况及其影响因素,数据显示,各省市在两个调查年份间残疾人就业率的变动幅度具有较大差异。probit模型回归结果表明,性别、城乡、教育程度、技能培训、残疾类型和家庭规模对残疾人就业有显著影响。人力资本是影响残疾人就业的重要因素,不同残疾类型的残疾人就业情况存在较大差异。据此,建议从提升人力资本和就业扶助两方面来促进残疾人就业。%Using the data of national monitor survey of the disabled people in the year 2009 and 2012, the authors studied the employment situation of people with disabilities (PWDs) and its influence factors. It shows that amplitude of fluctuation of employment rate of PWDs had significant differences among 31 provinces in the year 2009 and 2012. The regress results from probit models indicate gender, urban or rural, education, training, disability type and family size are significantly influencing the probability of PWDs’ employment. The paper suggested that human capital also is an important factor to employment since the employment of PWDs varies due to disability types and conditions. On the basis of the empirical analysis, some advices were proposed to improve human capital and job placement assistance to promote employment of PWDs.

  10. The critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students: A grounded theory research study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, Traci J

    2015-05-01

    As the demographics of the United States change, nursing will need to become more ethnically diverse in order to provide culturally responsive healthcare. Enrollment of English as Second Language nursing students is increasing; however, these students often encounter academic difficulties. The increase in English as Second Language nursing students in the classroom and clinical setting has posed challenges for nurse faculty. To explore the critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students. A grounded theory method based on the philosophical underpinnings of symbolic interactionism and pragmatism was used to explore the critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students. The study took place at various schools of nursing in the Southeast Florida area. Educators teaching in an associate, baccalaureate, and/or graduate nursing program at an accredited school of nursing. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group were conducted to collect data from nurse faculty. Data segments from interviews were coded, categorized, and analyzed. Theoretical sampling and a focus group interview were used to validate the concepts, themes, and categories identified during the individual interviews. A substantive level theory was developed. The core category that developed was conscientization. The three dominant categories that emerged from the data were overcoming, coming to know, and facilitating. The theoretical framework of conscientization provided an explanation of the social processes involved in teaching English as Second Language nursing students. The theoretical framework developed from this study can be used to increase the effectiveness of teaching English as Second Language nursing students, improve their chances of success, and enhance diversity in the nursing profession. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Research on Influence Factors of Cooperative Marketing between Cluster Firms%集群企业合作营销影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李开; 崔小龙; 马士健

    2014-01-01

    地理集聚赋予集群企业各种可能的优势(如降低生产和交易成本等),但这种优势只有经企业间的合作营销才能够得以实现。为了对集群企业合作营销展开系统性研究,本文运用实证分析的方法,对福建泉州、广东东莞和浙江温州三地的传统集群中的企业进行调查,从微观的层面研究了企业合作营销的影响因素。研究结果表明企业家沟通能力、营销人员能力、资源互补或匹配和集群外部环境等,是影响集群企业合作营销的主要因素。%Geographic concentration gives every possible advantage of cluster firms ( such as lower production and trans-action cost , etc.) , but this advantage can be realized only when cluster firms cooperate with each other .This paper con-ducts a survey accompanied by site investigations and firm visits in three Chinese traditional clusters located in Quanzhou , Dongguan and Wenzhou , and studies influence factors of cooperative marketing between cluster firms from the micro aspects.The result indicates that entrepreneur′s communication skills, marketing personnel′s abilities, resource supplementary or match and external environment are the main factors influencing cooperative marketing between cluster firms.

  12. 公路养护工程造价影响因素评价研究%Research on Influence Factors Evaluation of Highway Maintenance Engineering Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉峰; 顾剑

    2014-01-01

    the present situation of highway maintenance engineering cost technology at home and abroad was investigated and analyzed,and through studying on the influence of pavement performance, maintenance standards,and road characteristics on highway maintenance engineering cost,the change trend of maintenance cost with different influence factors was obtained,and the quantitative relationship between different road characteristics and daily maintenance cost was make out,providing the theory basis for reasonable cost planning and arrangement later.%通过调查分析国内外公路养护工程造价技术现状,深入研究路面使用性能、养护标准,以及路段特点对公路养护工程造价的影响,得到养护费用随不同影响因素的变化趋势,并确定出不同路段特点与日常养护费用间的定量关系,为公路工程养护费用合理规划与安排提供了理论依据。

  13. Research on Influencing factors of erection schedule of Nuclear Island%核岛安装进度的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于航; 付艳龙; 张大鹏

    2013-01-01

    Erection work of Nuclear Island is highly technical, difficult to construct, of complex interfaces, influenced by many factors , complicated to control and of highly significance to completion of nuclear plant project on schedule. This paper analyzed the influence of technology management, supplies arrival , labor , civil construction , schedule management etc. on the erection schedule of nuclear island wishing to provide a reference for schedule control on erection works of nuclear island.%核岛安装工作技术性强,施工难度大,接口复杂,影响因素多,进度控制难度大,对核电工程如期完工意义重大。本文详细的讨论了技术管理、物资到货、人员状况、土建施工、进度管理等因素对核岛安装工作进度的影响,希望能为核岛安装进度控制工作提供借鉴。

  14. Patient factors that influence warfarin dose response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Pamela J

    2010-06-01

    Warfarin has long been the mainstay of oral anticoagulation therapy for the treatment and prevention of venous and arterial thrombosis. The narrow therapeutic index of warfarin, and the complex number of factors that influence international normalized ratio (INR) response, makes optimization of warfarin therapy challenging. Determination of the appropriate warfarin dose during initiation and maintenance therapy requires an understanding of patient factors that influence dose response: age, body weight, nutritional status, acute and chronic disease states, and changes in concomitant drug therapy and diet. This review will examine specific clinical factors that can affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin, as well as the role of pharmacogenetics in optimizing warfarin therapy.

  15. Research on the Influencing Factors of Internal Control Enforcement%关于内部控制执行的影响因素探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江婷婷

    2012-01-01

    我国内部控制规范体系得到了进一步的完善,而内部控制能否有效执行成为相关方面关注的重点问题之一。文章以此为背景,剖析影响企业内控执行的诸多因素,指出企业应根据这些因素抓住关键控制点建立内部控制制度,以点带面,以期加快企业内部控制的建设进程。%With the issuing of a series of guidelines concerned with internal control,the internal control system of norms has been further improved,while the effective execution of internal control is one of the important issues which the relevant organizations are focusing on.This as the background,the paper analyzes the factors influencing the implementation of internal control and points out that enterprises should focus on these factors to establish internal control system basing on critical control point to accelerate the construction process of internal control.

  16. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH CONCERNING THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE STIMULI AND COMMUNICATIVE FACTORS WHO CAN INFLUENCE BEHAVIOR OF THE BREAD CONSUMERS IN ARGES COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OANCEA OLIMPIA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Building and managing relationships with customers can have a direct and positive effect on the efficiency of an organization's communication efforts. A product or a brand exist in the consumer's mind there not only because of the experience with this, but and because of the medium and long term effects on that a message built as a result of the evaluation of consumer preferences is transmitted simultaneously through many means of communication. Integrated marketing communication is identified with market dynamics today and learn organizations how easily can prosper in an environment where changes occur in an alarming way. Because consumers resort to as many information sources, the value of the the integrated marketing communication has increased considerably. Highly targeted, the integrated marketing communication campaigns are based on the strengths of the the available means of communication to influence in favorable way the behavior of the target audience. Conceiving a effective message and identifying the most suitable the communicational tools represent important steps in regards creation and maintenance the preferences of consumer for a product / a brand or company. Therefore, the aim of the study was, on the one hand, the identification of the main stimuli who underlying the choice of an assortment of bread by consumers, and which may thus constitute key factors in designing a communicational message, and on the other hand, in evaluation of the communicational factors that may lead to the actual behavior of these.

  17. Research on Influencing Factors of Mobile App Usage%用户使用移动APP影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海平; 杨诗姝; 邓胜利

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of intel igent terminals and mobile network, mobile applications (APP) emerge in endlessly. With the result of the ragged qualities of mobile APP, users' behavior of downloading and uninstal ing becomes more frequency and faster, and the time of sustained using of APP decreases. Therefore, it is important to explore factors of mobile APP users' continuance usage intention and uninstal ing behavior. In this paper, based on the two-factor theory,we use some factors, such as the perceived ease of use, advertising invasion, risks and satisfaction that affect the loyalty of users, to do the research to find out factors that affect mobile APP users' continuance usage intention and uninstal ing behavior.%随着智能终端、移动网络的快速发展,移动应用程序(A PP)层出不穷,但是A PP的质量参差不齐,用户下载、卸载A PP越来越频繁,持续使用同一款A PP的时间越来越短,因此探寻用户持续使用和卸载A PP的影响因素具有重要的现实意义。本文以双因素理论为基础,从感知易用性、广告侵犯性、风险性、满意度以及忠诚度等方面对影响用户持续使用和卸载移动A PP因素进行实证研究。

  18. 新兵自杀意念现况及影响因素研究%Research on suicide ideation status and its influencing factors among new recruits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪微; 赵晋丰; 殷瑛; 张迪; 刘伟立; 李连杰; 武小梅

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解新兵自杀意念水平及检出率现况,并探索自杀意念的主要影响因素,为开展新兵自杀预防工作提供科学依据。方法随机整群抽取河北地区某部8个建制连新兵707名,采用《自杀意念自评量表》及自编自杀意念影响因素简易问卷,对自杀意念现况及影响因素进行调查分析。结果自杀意念总分为(3.58±3.28)分,阳性检出率为3.54%;多元线性回归分析结果显示:应对方式、职业归属、情绪调节及是否与父母长期生活是影响新兵自杀意念的主要因素(Y =-0.514X4-0.156X3-0.095X5-0.060X1,P <0.001,R2=0.507)。结论开展新兵自杀预防,应注重强化积极应对方式,培养归属感,提升情绪调节能力,以及营造和谐家庭氛围。%Objective To understand the level and detection ratio of recruits’suicide ideation,explore its major influencing factors,and provide scientific basis for prevention of recruits’suicide.Methods By random cluster sampling method,707 recruits from 8 companies in Hebei were investigated with self-rating idea of suicide scale and self-designed in-fluencing factors of suicide ideation questionnaire.Results The total score of suicide ideation was (3.58 ±3.28),and the detection ratio was 3.54%.Results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that coping style,occupation belonging,e-motion regulation,and living with parents were major influencing factors of recruits’ suicide ideation (Y =-0.514X4-0.156X3 -0.095X5 -0.060X1,P <0.001,R2 =0.507).Conclusion It’s important for preventing recruits suicide to strengthen positive coping style,to cultivate sense of belonging,to promote emotion regulating ability,and to keep a harmo-nious family atmosphere.

  19. A survey on critical factors influencing organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Kheirkhah

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Organizational commitment is an important issue and organization attitude has become an area of study among many researchers in the fields of organizational behavior. In fact, there are many studies on human resource management where the effects of organizational commitment on other issues have been investigated and the purpose of this research is to find critical factors influencing on organizational commitment. Based on an exploration of the literature review and interviews, the proposed study of this paper extracts 24 variables and using factor analysis, we select the most important factors, which are grouped in four categories. The implementation of our factor analysis has revealed Affective commitment, Continuous commitment, Moral commitment and Enduring commitment are the most important factors influencing organizational commitment.

  20. Research Progress in Factors Influencing Photo-aging of Polypropylene%聚丙烯光老化影响因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王四贝; 金滟; 康鹏; 王俊; 江鲁

    2012-01-01

    The research progress in photo-aging of polypropylene was reviewed. The effects of a series of factors in the photo-aging of polypropylene, including radiation conditions, components, stress as well as crystallinity and processing methods, were discussed.%综述了近年来国内外对聚丙烯(PP)光老化的研究进展,并着重讨论了不同光照条件造成的PP光老化的差异、共混组分对PP光老化的影响,以及应力作用、结晶情况、加工方式等因素对PP光老化的作用。

  1. Research on influence factors of hydrate formation in natural gas pipeline%天然气管线水合物生成影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海秀; 周锡堂

    2013-01-01

    介绍了天然气管线中水合物生成条件、以及水合物的生成对管线正常输送和安全运行的影响;提出了天然气管线水合物生成影响因素比较框图,对不同输送工况下管道中水合物的生成进行了分析,得出天然气管线中水合物生成影响因素有输量、起点压力、起点温度和管径,其中输量影响最大,起点压力影响最小,适当增大输量、提高起点温度、降低起点压力和减小管径,可以缩小水合物生成范围甚至避免水合物生成。%The formation of gas hydrate in natural gas pipeline could cause a serious impact on the normal and safe transportation of natural gas. The formation conditions of hydrate in the pipeline were introduced, and a block diagram for comparison of the influence factors of hydrate formation in the pipeline was proposed. Through analyzing the hydrate formation under the different transportation conditions in a concrete example, it was found that the factors affecting the formation of the hydrate contained transportation amount, initial pressure, initial temperature and pipe diameter, among them the most significant was the transportation amount and the lowest in importance was the initial pressure. The formation of gas hydrate could be reduced even avoided by properly increasing transportation amount, raising initial temperature and decreasing initial pressure and pipe diameter.

  2. 应聘者公平知觉影响因素研究新视角%A New Research Perspective of Influencing Factors on Applicants' Justice Perceptions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐建平; 杜艳婷; 武琳

    2011-01-01

    Justice perceptions are defined as applicants justice perceptions about the personnel selection. Crit- ical influencing factors on applicants'justice perceptions in the organizational justice theoretical framework include preparations before the selection%公平知觉是指应聘者对甄选过程中人员选拔公平性的感知。在组织公平框架下,影响应聘者公平知觉的因素主要有:选拔之前准备性活动、提供的相关信息和材料,测验的方式类型以及施测的手段、内容,选拔之后的结果等。公平期望是应聘者对将要参加的选拔的公平性的预期。公平期望与公平知觉之间呈显著正相关,同时公平期望在选拔前就已经存在,这为提高应聘者的公平知觉提供了一个早期干预的机会。

  3. 大学校长道德领导的影响因素%Research on the Influence Factors of Moral Leadership of College President

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁国利; 马坤; 杨迪开

    2012-01-01

      道德领导以专业和道德作为权威来源,是大学理想的领导方式。受制度和管理体制、传统文化、权力本身和品性人格等因素的影响,大学校长更倾向于将科层权威作为自己的权威来源。通过对这些影响因素的分析,有助于为大学校长实施道德领导找到可行的路径,为大学的健康发展提供更好的思路。%  Moral Leadership,which regards profession and morality as the source of authority,is the ideal form of leadership in college. Affected by institutions and management systems,traditional cultures,powers,moral characters and personality,college president tends to consider bureaucratic authority as the source of their authority. Analysis on the influence factors is helpful to find feasible ways for college president carrying out moral leadership, and would offer better ideas for college’s healthy development.

  4. Research on the Influence Factors of Mobile Library Services Platform%移动图书馆服务平台影响要素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕竹筠

    2014-01-01

    With the popularity of mobile Internet applications, mobile libraries as the perfection and development of digital librar-ies, receiving more and more attention. This paper, the theory and application of mobile libraries at home and abroad are ana-lyzed, on mobile library the basic concepts, history, practical application for summary, finally, mobile library services platform in-fluence factors are analyzed.%随着移动互联网的普及应用,移动图书馆作为数字图书馆的完善及拓展,受到越来越多的关注。该文对国内外移动图书馆的理论及应用现状进行了分析,对移动图书馆的基本概念、发展历程、实践应用现状进行了简述,最后对移动图书馆服务平台的影响因素进行了分析。

  5. Influencing factors in MMR immunisation decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Marie C; Cox, Carol L

    Immunisation decision making is not a straightforward process for parents. Many factors influence parental decision making on whether they immunise their child with the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. The feasibility study described in this article provides insight into influencing factors associated with decisions regarding the immunisation of children by parents. The study findings suggest that the practice nurse is a credible source of information for parents seeking informed decision making. At a time when the incidence of measles and mumps is rising in the UK, the provision of appropriate information by the practice nurse has the potential to increase uptake of the MMR vaccine.

  6. Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moray, Neville P., Ed.; Huey, Beverly M., Ed.

    The Panel on Human Factors Research Needs in Nuclear Regulatory Research was formed by the National Research Council in response to a request from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The NRC asked the research council to conduct an 18-month study of human factors research needs for the safe operation of nuclear power plants. This report…

  7. Abuse of Working Children and Influencing Factors, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oncu, Emine; Kurt, Ahmet Oner; Esenay, Figen Isik; Ozer, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The study was planned as the research of the kind/kinds of abuse and the factors influencing the abuse that the children under 18 who are working full-time at a workplace and enrolled in a vocational training center subjected to. Method: Questionnaires were administered to 595 apprentices who were attending a vocational training center.…

  8. Research status quo of influencing factors and coping strategies of nurses'job burnout%护士职业倦怠影响因素及应对措施的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佳琪; 刘迎春

    2015-01-01

    It expounded the status quo of nurse's job burnout.It reviewed the research progress on the influen-cing factors and coping strategies from self factors,environment factors and occupational factors.It pointed out that job burnout could cause a series of problems in the psychological,emotional,family and professional as-pects.Hospital managers should take appropriate interventions to prevent and reduce the generation of nurses’ burnout starting from main influencing factors,to stabilize nursing team and improve the quality of nursing service.%阐述护士职业倦怠现状,从自身因素、环境因素、职业因素综述护士职业倦怠影响因素及应对措施的研究进展,指出职业倦怠可造成护士心理、情感、家庭和专业等方面一系列的问题,医院管理者应从倦怠产生的主要影响因素着手,采取适当的干预措施,预防和减轻护士倦怠的产生,稳定护理团队,提高护理服务质量。

  9. A factor analysis to detect factors influencing building national brand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    Full Text Available Developing a national brand is one of the most important issues for development of a brand. In this study, we present factor analysis to detect the most important factors in building a national brand. The proposed study uses factor analysis to extract the most influencing factors and the sample size has been chosen from two major auto makers in Iran called Iran Khodro and Saipa. The questionnaire was designed in Likert scale and distributed among 235 experts. Cronbach alpha is calculated as 84%, which is well above the minimum desirable limit of 0.70. The implementation of factor analysis provides six factors including “cultural image of customers”, “exciting characteristics”, “competitive pricing strategies”, “perception image” and “previous perceptions”.

  10. Study on the Key Factors Influencing Performance of Production - Education - Research Strategic Alliance%产学研战略联盟建设绩效关键影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马卫华; 蒋兴华

    2014-01-01

    以广东省33个产学研战略联盟中的139家成员单位为研究样本,在调查问卷的基础上,从定量与定性相结合的角度对产学研战略联盟建设影响因素进行系统分析,研究结果表明,联盟建设可行性论证、联盟内部管理、联盟建设投入、政府支持和联盟建设环境等是联盟建设绩效的重要影响因素,研究成果对促进产学研战略联盟建设具有重要参考价值。%This paper aims to analyze the key factors influencing the alliance performance of Production - Education - Re-search Strategic Alliance with the quantitative research method and qualitative research method on the basis of the survey. The survey objects are one hundred thirty - one members of the thirty - three Production - Education - Research Strategic Alliances in GuangDong Province. The research results show that the feasibility study of alliance building,the internal management of alliance,the input of alliance building,government supports and the surrounding of alliance building are the key factors influencing the performance of Production - Education - Research Strategic Alliance. The research is useful to improve the management level and the technological innovation ability of companies.

  11. On factors influencing students’ listening abilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡天秀

    2012-01-01

    As we all know,listening,speaking,reading,and writing are four basic skills in language teaching and learning.Listening plays an important role in improving other skills.There are some factors influencing students’ listening abilities.So it’s important for teachers to improve students’ listening abilities.

  12. Factors Influencing High School Students' Career Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mei; Pan, Wei; Newmeyer, Mark D.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the factors influencing high school students' career aspirations with a study analyzing 141 high school students. The Social Cognitive Career Development Model was utilized to examine the interactive relationships among learning experiences, career self-efficacy, outcome expectations, career interests, and career choices. The…

  13. Factors influencing laser cutting of wood

    Science.gov (United States)

    V.G. Barnekov; C.W. McMillin; H.A. Huber

    1986-01-01

    Factors influencing the ability of lasers to cut wood may be generally classified into these three areas: 1) characteristics of the laser beam; 2) equipment and processing variables; and 3) properties of the workpiece. Effects of beam power, mode, polarization, and stability are discussed as are aspects of optics, location of focal point, feed speed, gas-jet assist...

  14. Factors influencing the process of farm liquidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Dudek

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the logit analysis was used in order to define the factors influencing farm liquidation. The prevalence of this phenomenon and its regional differences were analysed. Significant and negative impact of the number of people in a family farm and the number of machinery and technical equipment, as well as the positive impact of the farmer’ age are reported.

  15. Social Factors Influencing Child Health in Ghana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Quansah

    Full Text Available Social factors have profound effects on health. Children are especially vulnerable to social influences, particularly in their early years. Adverse social exposures in childhood can lead to chronic disorders later in life. Here, we sought to identify and evaluate the impact of social factors on child health in Ghana. As Ghana is unlikely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals' target of reducing child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015, we deemed it necessary to identify social determinants that might have contributed to the non-realisation of this goal.ScienceDirect, PubMed, MEDLINE via EBSCO and Google Scholar were searched for published articles reporting on the influence of social factors on child health in Ghana. After screening the 98 articles identified, 34 of them that met our inclusion criteria were selected for qualitative review.Major social factors influencing child health in the country include maternal education, rural-urban disparities (place of residence, family income (wealth/poverty and high dependency (multiparousity. These factors are associated with child mortality, nutritional status of children, completion of immunisation programmes, health-seeking behaviour and hygiene practices.Several social factors influence child health outcomes in Ghana. Developing more effective responses to these social determinants would require sustainable efforts from all stakeholders including the Government, healthcare providers and families. We recommend the development of interventions that would support families through direct social support initiatives aimed at alleviating poverty and inequality, and indirect approaches targeted at eliminating the dependence of poor health outcomes on social factors. Importantly, the expansion of quality free education interventions to improve would-be-mother's health knowledge is emphasised.

  16. Problem solving III: factors influencing classroom problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayonara Salvador Cabral da Costa

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the literature in the area of problem solving, particularly in physics, focusing only on factors that influence classroom problem solving. Fifty-seven papers have been analyzed in terms of theoretical basis, investigated factors/methodology and findings/relevant factors, which were organized in a table that served as support for a synthesis made by the authors. It is the third of a four-paper series reviewing different aspects of the problem solving subject.

  17. FACTORS INFLUENCING BRAND EQUITY OF BALI AS A TOURISM DESTINATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ketut Surya Diarta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Globally, competition among tourism destinations is more stringent in getting foreign tourists, including Bali. One effort to win the competition is increasing destination brand equity through maintaining its influencing factors and gaining tourist positive behavior toward destination. This effort, in long run, will increase and stabilize destination revenue and sustainability. This research aims to analyze factors influencing brand equity of Bali as a tourism destination. This research was conducted in Bali’s five major tourism objects. The 240 foreign tourists were chosen as respondents through convenience sampling technique. Data were analyzed using factor analysis. The results showed that factors that significantly influenced Bali brand equity were: symbolic and experiential benefit factor, direct and indirect destinations attributes, destination reliability and tangibility, assurance and empathy, brand destinations recognition and recall, destinations common psychological attributes, destination common functional attributes, unique functional attributes, behavioral loyalty, destination awareness, and attitudinal loyalty. Given the fluctuative nature of brand equity, Bali needs a consistent effort to maintain or to enhance brand equity of Bali as a tourism destination. Maintaining the dominant factors that influence the strength of brand equity can be used as a basis to develop destination branding strategy to expand market segment,  choose the right target market, and anchoring destination position in world market competition.

  18. Factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing in software development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas T. Khoza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: ‘Knowledge is power’ and software developing organisations are dependent on knowledge to achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. Subsequently, knowledge sharing is a key factor for modern software developing organisations to succeed in today’s competitive environment. For software developing organisations to reach their goals and objectives, knowledge sharing – and in particular the sharing of useful knowledge – needs to be targeted. To promote knowledge sharing, factors influencing knowledge sharing need to be identified and understood.Objective: This study seeks to identify factors that negatively influence knowledge sharing in software development in the developing country context.Method: Expert sampling as a subcategory of purposive sampling was employed to extract information, views and opinions from experts in the field of information and communication technology, more specifically from those who are involved in software development projects. Four Johannesburg-based software developing organisations listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE, South Africa, participated in this research study. Quantitative data were collected using an online questionnaire with closed-ended questions.Results: Findings of this research reveal that job security, motivation, time constraints, physiological factors, communication, resistance to change and rewards are core factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing in software developing organisations.Conclusions: Improved understanding of factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing is expected to assist software developing organisations in closing the gap for software development projects failing to meet the triple constraint of time, cost and scope.

  19. Investigating important factors influencing purchasing from chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we survey important factors, influencing customers to buy more from one of well known food market operating in capital city of Iran named Shahrvand. The survey studies the effects of six factors including customer's perception, persuasive factors, brand, customers' expectations, product's characteristics and special features of store on attracting more customers. We have distributed questionnaire among 196 customers who regularly visit stores and analyzed details of the data. The results indicate that customers' perception is the most important item, which includes eight components. Years of experience is the most important item in our survey followed by impact of color and working hours. Diversity of services is another factor, which plays the most important role followed by quality of services. Next, fidelity and brand are other most important factors and the name of store and risk are in lower degree of importance.

  20. Prognosis Research Strategy (PROGRESS 2: prognostic factor research.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard D Riley

    Full Text Available Prognostic factor research aims to identify factors associated with subsequent clinical outcome in people with a particular disease or health condition. In this article, the second in the PROGRESS series, the authors discuss the role of prognostic factors in current clinical practice, randomised trials, and developing new interventions, and explain why and how prognostic factor research should be improved.

  1. A survey on critical factors influencing agricultural insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Valipour

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural business is a very high-risk job and an increase demand for agricultural products from one side and steady increase in production cost and weather changes, on the other side, have motivated many to use insurance for agricultural products. Insurance plays an important role in influencing crop production and insured satisfaction or farmers. The purpose of this research is to find critical components in agricultural insurance. Based on an exploration of the literature review and interviews, the proposed study of this paper extracts 24 variables and using factor analysis, we select the most important factors, which are grouped in seven categories. The implementation of our factor analysis has revealed uncertainty, moderator, market equilibrium, risky environment, empowering factor, education, training, structural hazards and natural ecosystems as the most important factors influencing agricultural industry.

  2. The Influence of Research on Education Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerlinger, Fred N.

    1977-01-01

    Three major propositions discussed in this article include: (1) There are two major obstacles to research influencing educational practice in the long term. (2) These are the pragmatic-practical notion that research should pay off and that it should be relevant to contemporary social and educational problems. (Author/AM)

  3. Positioning Mathematics Education Researchers to Influence Storylines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth; Sinclair, Nathalie; Chval, Kathryn B.; Clements, Douglas H.; Civil, Marta; Pape, Stephen J.; Stephan, Michelle; Wanko, Jeffrey J.; Wilkerson, Trena L.

    2016-01-01

    The NCTM Research Committee identifies key influences on mathematics education that are largely outside the domain of the academic world in which most mathematics education researchers live. The groups that are identified--including the media, companies and foundations, and other academic domains--affect the public's perception of mathematics and…

  4. 内部控制审计收费的影响因素研究%Research on the Influencing Factors of Internal Control Audit Fees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方红星; 陈娇娇; 于巧叶

    2016-01-01

    Using the data from the main band listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges that disclosed sepa-rately internal control audit fees and financial statements audit fees from 2011 to 2014, from the perspectives of the features of listed companies, characteristics of accounting firm as well as internal control audit engagement, this paper theoretically analy-ses and empirically tests the factors influencing audit fees of internal control. It finds that the size of company, the company’s business complex level, the state-ownership, the accounting firm’s reputation and the level of assurance of internal control service have a significant positive association with the internal control audit fees, and the quality of internal control, continuous internal control audit period and integrated audit have a significant negative association with the internal control audit fees.%选取2011—2014年沪深两市单独披露内部控制审计收费的主板上市公司作为研究对象,立足于被审计单位特征、会计师事务所特征以及内部控制审计业务特征三个方面,在理论分析的基础上,实证检验内部控制审计收费的影响因素。研究发现:公司规模、业务复杂程度、国有产权性质、会计师事务所声誉及其所提供的内部控制服务的保证程度与内部控制审计收费显著正相关;公司的内部控制质量、连续内部控制审计年限及事务所整合审计与内部控制审计收费显著负相关。

  5. 人寿保险行业市场结构及影响因素研究%Research on Market Structure and Influence Factors of Life Insurance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋才芳; 杨俣涛; 陈收

    2015-01-01

    准入退出壁垒、市场集中度、规模经济和范围经济以及产品差异化等是影响人寿保险业市场结构的主要因素。中国保险市场准入、退出的行政性政策壁垒较高,市场集中度较高,属于寡占 III 型市场结构;寿险业保费规模、保险密度、保险深度、保险资产总额占 GDP 的比重、保险资产总额占整个金融资产的比重较低;寿险产品同质化现象较严重。鉴此,应降低市场进入壁垒,建立市场退出机制,达到优化市场结构,提高资源配置效率目的。%Entry & exit barriar,industry market concentration,economy of scale,economy of scope,product differentiation are the main influencing factors of the market structure of the life insurance access and exit mechanism.The study found that:the administrative policies and barri-ers of China's insurance market entry and exit is also high;China's life insurance industry market concentration gradually decreased,but compared with the developed countries,China's life insur-ance industry is of a high degree of market concentration,market structure is oligopolistic type III;China's life insurance premium scale,insurance density,insurance depth,total insurance as-sets accounted for the proportion of GDP,total insurance assets accounted for the proportion of financial assets is relatively low;life insurance products homogenization phenomenon is serious, participating insurance products become the focus and trend of development of the life insurance company;reducing the insurance market entry barriers,and the establishment of the delisting mechanism properly is conducive to optimizing the structure of life insurance market,and impro-ving the allocation efficiency of the life insurance industry resources.

  6. 服装行业微博病毒营销的传播意愿影响因素研究%Research on Influencing Factors of Transmission Will of Micro-blog Viral Marketing in Clothing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莎; 罗戎蕾

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses and conducts a quantitative analysis on factors influencing the transmission will of micro-blog viral marketing of clothing enterprises in the form of questionnaire inquiry from the perspective of audiences based on technology acceptance model and diffusion of innovation theory in combination with features of micro-blog viral marketing with audiences between 18 and 35 as research subjects. The research result shows that individual innovation, perceived usefulness, product factor and clothing industry factor have significance positive influence on micro-blog viral marketing of clothing enterprises and perceived risk and website factor have no significance influence on it. Clothing industry factor has the greatest influence on micro-blog viral marketing, indicating that audiences pay most attention to various factors of the enterprise itself when forwarding related micro-blog of a clothing enterprise.%从受众的角度出发,在技术接受模型和创新扩散理论的基础上,结合微博病毒营销的特点,以18 ~35岁受众为研究主体,以问卷调研的形式进行影响服装企业微博病毒营销传播意愿因素的探讨和定量分析.研究结果显示:个体创新性、感知有用、产品因素与服装企业因素对服装企业微博病毒营销有显著的正向影响,感知风险和网站因素对服装企业微博病毒营销没有显著影响.服装企业自身因素对其开展微博病毒营销影响最为强烈,说明受众在转发服装企业相关微博时,最为看重的是该企业自身的各方面因素.

  7. Research Advances in Digestive Enzyme of Fish and Its Influencing Factors%鱼类消化酶活性及其影响因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑾; 熊邦喜; 陈洁; 顾钱洪

    2011-01-01

    Fish digestive enzyme is known as an important part of digestive physiology research.With the development of aquaculture, fish digestive physiology and its influencing factors has attracted increasing attention.In this paper,distribution of digestive enzymes and influences of each factor on activity of digestive enzyme were summarized, in which the relationship between digestive enzymes and each factor especially nutritional factors was discussed.%鱼类消化酶是鱼类消化生理研究的重要内容,随着水产养殖业的发展,鱼类消化生理及其影响因素日益受到人们的重视.综述了鱼类消化酶的分布,以及各种因素对消化酶活性的影响,并重点阐述了近年来广泛研究的各种营养因素与鱼类消化酶活性的关系.

  8. Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Z. Gimeno García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal cancer (CRC is a major health problem worldwide. Although population-based CRC screening is strongly recommended in average-risk population, compliance rates are still far from the desirable rates. High levels of screening uptake are necessary for the success of any screening program. Therefore, the investigation of factors influencing participation is crucial prior to design and launches a population-based organized screening campaign. Several studies have identified screening behaviour factors related to potential participants, providers, or health care system. These influencing factors can also be classified in non-modifiable (i.e., demographic factors, education, health insurance, or income and modifiable factors (i.e., knowledge about CRC and screening, patient and provider attitudes or structural barriers for screening. Modifiable determinants are of great interest as they are plausible targets for interventions. Interventions at different levels (patient, providers or health care system have been tested across the studies with different results. This paper analyzes factors related to CRC screening behaviour and potential interventions designed to improve screening uptake.

  9. Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Inventory Management in Manufacturing SMEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Shiau Wei; Tasmin, R.; Nor Aziati, A. H.; Zuraidah Rasi, Raja; Ismail, Fadillah Binti; Yaw, Li Ping

    2017-08-01

    Effectiveness of inventory management is a vital part in the manufacturing organization to be more competitive. The previous studies have indicated that there are several factors influencing the effectiveness of inventory management in the organization but there is lack of researchers who carried out the research in the manufacturing small medium enterprise in Johor. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to identify the problem of inventory management faced by the manufacturing small medium enterprise and also to determine the factors that will influence the effectiveness of inventory management. In completing this research, 80 employees were selected randomly from the manufacturing small medium enterprise in Batu Pahat, Johor and they were requested to complete questionnaires. The result have shown that the problems of inventory management faced by manufacturing organization were underproduction, overproduction, stock out situation, delays in the delivery of raw materials and discrepancy of records. The factors, documentation/store records, planning, knowledge of employees/staff skill have shown to significantly influence the effectiveness of inventory management while the funds have shown slightly significant influence on the inventory management in manufacturing small medium enterprises. This quantitative study is important to the manufacturing organization in Malaysia because it provides the guidelines to the employers of manufacturing small medium enterprises in Batu Pahat, Johor.

  10. Research of factors of marketing pricing at domestic industrial enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.V. Bozhkova

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The purpose of the article is research and systematization of factors of marketing pricing, which affect on realization of products of industrial enterprises.Works of domestic and foreign scientists on this issue were analysed. Traditionally pricing factors are classified into two groups: internal (controlled and external (uncontrolled. Such division of factors is the first stage of pricing system analysis. On the second stage of analysis each of these groups is divided by certain criterion.The results of the analysis. There are such basic internal factors of pricing: the current condition of the enterprise, production factors, pricing principles, image of enterprise and personnel, marketing strategy of enterprise, product policy, sale policy, communication policy, etc. We can distinguish such basic external factors of pricing: supply factors, government policy, competition factors, impact of participants goods of movement, influence of contact audiences, macroenvironment factors, etc.Some authors suggest selecting factors of direct and mediated influence among the external factors of pricing. We propose to divide them into factors which are partially controlled by enterprises and factors which are uncontrolled by enterprises. In our opinion, factors of direct influence include influence of participants of goods movement and influence of contact audiences. Factors of proposal and demand, market state of affairs are uncontrolled by enterprises.Generally price policy has determined character and it is affected by the influence of competitive factors which are called competitive environment. We suggest to examine factors of mediated influence and uncontrolled factors. Those factors can be divided into five groups economic, socio-cultural, geographical, technological, political and legal aspects of environment.Conclusions and directions of further researches. We propose such reccomendations for price policy improvement at

  11. A Review of Factors Influencing Athletes' Food Choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkenhead, Karen L; Slater, Gary

    2015-11-01

    Athletes make food choices on a daily basis that can affect both health and performance. A well planned nutrition strategy that includes the careful timing and selection of appropriate foods and fluids helps to maximize training adaptations and, thus, should be an integral part of the athlete's training programme. Factors that motivate food selection include taste, convenience, nutrition knowledge and beliefs. Food choice is also influenced by physiological, social, psychological and economic factors and varies both within and between individuals and populations. This review highlights the multidimensional nature of food choice and the depth of previous research investigating eating behaviours. Despite numerous studies with general populations, little exploration has been carried out with athletes, yet the energy demands of sport typically require individuals to make more frequent and/or appropriate food choices. While factors that are important to general populations also apply to athletes, it seems likely, given the competitive demands of sport, that performance would be an important factor influencing food choice. It is unclear if athletes place the same degree of importance on these factors or how food choice is influenced by involvement in sport. There is a clear need for further research exploring the food choice motives of athletes, preferably in conjunction with research investigating dietary intake to establish if intent translates into practice.

  12. Factors influencing the feasibility of laparoscopy colectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Zhiyun; Zhang Zhongtao

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective was to review the factors affecting the feasibility of performing successful laparoscopic colectomy.Data sources The literatures about the risk factors closely related to the ability to perform laparoscopic colectomy on different surgical diseases of the colon cited in this review were obtained from PubMed published in English from 2006 to 2012.Study selection Original articles regarding the risk factors that affect the ability to perform laparoscopic colectomy were selected.Results Obesity,diabetes,inflammatory bowel diseases,advanced age,emergency operation,and pelvic anatomy are all important risk factors that increase the risk of developing serious complications such as hemorrhage,anastomotic leak,and skin and soft tissue infections following laparoscopic colectomy.These factors also increase the likelihood of conversion to an open operation.In this study,we reviewed the recent original articles about the relationship of laparoscopic colectomy with these risk factors.We also describe some strategies that limit the likelihood of these complications and the likelihood of conversion to an open operation.Conclusions Obesity,diabetes,inflammatory bowel diseases,age,emergency operation,and pelvic anatomy are all important risk factors that increase the risk of either serious complications or conversion to open operation with laparoscopic colectomy.Evaluation of these risk factors preoperatively should influence the decision to perform colectomy using laparoscopic techniques.

  13. 女大学生婚前性行为的影响因素%Research on influencing factors to premarital sexual behavior of female students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婉秋; 张河川

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the influencing factors to premarital sex of female students and to provide evidence for their sex education and reproductive health. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted among 840 female students who collected at random form 6 universities in Yunnan. Results: ①Among the students surveyed, 5. 1% students had unwanted pregrant, 16. 2% students had sex behavior but hadn't pregrant and 78. 7% students hadn't sex behavior. ②The correct rate of sexual knowledge, the sexual behavior group remarkable higher than the no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000 ~ 0. 002); In sexual tolerance, the sexual behavior group remarkable higher than no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000 ); In sexual attitude about effect of premarital sex to health and future family, the sexual behavior group remarkable lower than no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 028/P = 0. 000 ); About of the standpoint of reproductive health that female is emphasis and male is participation activity'. the sexual behavior group remarkable lower than the no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000) . ③Logistic showed that grade, knowledge of contraception, effect of premarital sex to future family and sexual tolerance were risk factors to premarital sex Conclusion: Sex attitude is important factor of premarital sex of female students. Traditional virginity value still play an impact role in the sex behavior. The education of sex moral would play an important role in our intervention of sex health and reproductive health.%目的:探讨影响女大学生婚前性行为的因素,为女大学生性健康/生殖健康干预提供有参考价值的客观数据.方法:采用自编问卷调查法,整群随机抽取云南省6所高校的840名18~25岁的女大学生为调查对象.结果:①5.1%的女大学生承认有非意愿妊娠行为,16.2%承认有性经历但无妊娠行为,78.7%报告无性经历.②在性知识掌握的正确率方面,有性经历组(未

  14. Factors Influencing Tacit Knowledge in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawahar Nesan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Increased complexity of the construction business and consequentuse of new management concepts and technologies ledconstruction organisations to focus more on the transfer of explicitknowledge. However, it is the tacit knowledge that determinesthe construction companies’ competitiveness in a business thatis driven by turbulent market conditions and customers’ everincreasingdemands. This paper highlights the importance of tacitknowledge sharing in construction, explores the challenges andopportunities to efficiently share tacit knowledge, and based on theliterature review identifies some critical factors that influence tacitknowledge in construction. It is argued that employees’ knowledgesharing (learning behaviours are influenced by work practices thatare borne by respective organisational behaviours. Organisational,cultural, and project characteristics that facilitate knowledgesharing among construction employees are explored and thepractices that influence the construction employee behaviour insharing tacit knowledge are highlighted.

  15. Factors Influencing Tacit Knowledge in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawahar Nesan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Increased complexity of the construction business and consequentuse of new management concepts and technologies ledconstruction organisations to focus more on the transfer of explicitknowledge. However, it is the tacit knowledge that determinesthe construction companies’ competitiveness in a business thatis driven by turbulent market conditions and customers’ everincreasingdemands. This paper highlights the importance of tacitknowledge sharing in construction, explores the challenges andopportunities to efficiently share tacit knowledge, and based on theliterature review identifies some critical factors that influence tacitknowledge in construction. It is argued that employees’ knowledgesharing (learning behaviours are influenced by work practices thatare borne by respective organisational behaviours. Organisational,cultural, and project characteristics that facilitate knowledgesharing among construction employees are explored and thepractices that influence the construction employee behaviour insharing tacit knowledge are highlighted.

  16. Microencapsulation techniques, factors influencing encapsulation efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jyothi, N Venkata Naga; Prasanna, P Muthu; Sakarkar, Suhas Narayan; Prabha, K Surya; Ramaiah, P Seetha; Srawan, G Y

    2010-05-01

    Microencapsulation is one of the quality preservation techniques of sensitive substances and a method for production of materials with new valuable properties. Microencapsulation is a process of enclosing micron-sized particles in a polymeric shell. There are different techniques available for the encapsulation of drug entities. The encapsulation efficiency of the microparticle or microsphere or microcapsule depends upon different factors like concentration of the polymer, solubility of polymer in solvent, rate of solvent removal, solubility of organic solvent in water, etc. The present article provides a literature review of different microencapsulation techniques and different factors influencing the encapsulation efficiency of the microencapsulation technique.

  17. Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior of Smartphone Users

    OpenAIRE

    Nagarkoti, Bishal

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to know about the factors influencing consumer behavior of Smartphone users. Under this study, the main focus is to identify whether Smartphone users buy Smartphone because of their need or wish, reasons to buy expensive smart phones, how social and personal factors affect them to make purchasing decision, for what purposes they use Smartphone, where and how long a day, change in usage of com-puters due to Smartphone and how high is the phone bill after using Smartphon...

  18. FACTORS INFLUENCING BENDING RIGIDITY OF SUBMERGED VEGETATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Long-hua; YANG Xiao-li

    2011-01-01

    The bending rigidity of submerged vegetation is closely related with vegetative drag force.This work aims at determining the effects of flow conditions and characteristics of vegetation on the bending rigidity of submerged vegetation.Based on the dimensional analysis method,the factors influencing the bending rigidity of individual submerged vegetation were analyzed.The relationship between the relative bending rigidity and its influencing factors was investigated by experimental observation,and a relative bending rigidity expression for submerged vegetation was obtained by means of multiple linear regression method.The results show that the submerged vegetation has three states under different inflow conditions,and the each critical relative bending rigidity of individual submerged vegetation was determined for the different states of submerged vegetation.

  19. Major Factors influences the 2008 Stock Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 2007 was an unusual year for China's stock market, as the index climbed from 2675 points up to 6124 by the end of the year, setting new records again and again throughout 2007. What will happen to the stock market in the coming 2008? Let's havea look at some of the main factors that will influence the stock market this year, perhaps we can find out if 2008 will be another memorable year full of surprises.

  20. Research advance on influencing factors of plant allelopathy%植物化感作用影响因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    拱健婷; 张子龙

    2015-01-01

    化感现象广泛存在于植物界,植物之间的化感作用对生态系统有着不可忽视的影响。综合近年的文献,试图对影响植物化感作用的重要因素进行总结,旨在为探究植物化感作用机制、合理利用化感作用提供一定的理论参考。当前研究表明:1)遗传因素(供体种间差异、供体种内品种间差异、受体植物)影响植物的化感作用;2)植物生长阶段、不同营养器官化感物质的种类含量有差异,化感作用受此因素影响;3)环境条件,如生境、光照、温度、水分、土壤结构、营养条件等在不同程度上影响植物化感物质的产生、释放及其效应;4)动物侵害导致植物化感物质合成、释放能力增强,以抵御外界干扰环境,微生物参与化感物质的降解过程,从而影响其最终去向。最后对植物化感作用的研究进行了展望。%Allelopathy universally exists in the world, it would have a negligible impact among plants in the ecosystem. The current studies showed that plant allelopathy was genetic affected by the factors such as donor species difference, donor intraspecific differ-ences between species, receptors plant. Allelopathy was also affected by those like species of plant growth stage and the content of different vegetative organs of allelochemicals. Environmental conditions, such as habitat, illumination, temperature, moisture, soil structure and nutrient conditions affected the level, release and effect of plant allelochemicals in different extent. Animal invasion could cause the plant to synthesize and release the allelochemicals for enhancing ability to resist external interference. The microbial activities could control the pathway of the allelochemicals degradation. Also, the prospect of allelopathy research were discussed at last.

  1. 地方高校科研团队绩效影响因素及构建%Study on Influencing Factors of Performance and Countermeasures for Construction of Scientific Research Team at Local Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦伟强; 束漫漫

    2014-01-01

    地方高校科研工作绩效对推动地方经济、科技、教育、文化的发展有着十分重要作用。在深入分析地方高校科研团队绩效的影响因素基础上,提出优化科研团队结构、加强团队带头人的培育与引进、制定科研团队的考核机制、加强科研团队文化建设等提高地方高校科研团队绩效的构建措施。%Performance on scientific research at local colleges and universities plays an important role in promoting the development of local economy, science and technology, education and culture. Based on in-depth analysis of the influence factors of scientific research team performance at local colleges and universities, this paper puts forward countermeasures for constructing scientific research team with better performance, such as optimizing research team structure, strengthening the cultivation and introduction of team leaders, establishing evaluation mechanism for research team and strengthening culture construction in research team.

  2. Factors influencing the eicosanoids synthesis in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szefel, Jarosław; Kruszewski, Wiesław Janusz; Sobczak, Ewa

    2015-01-01

    External factors activate a sequence of reactions involving the reception, transduction, and transmission of signals to effector cells. There are two main phases of the body's reaction to harmful factors: the first aims to neutralize the harmful factor, while in the second the inflammatory process is reduced in size and resolved. Secondary messengers such as eicosanoids are active in both phases. The discovery of lipoxins and epi-lipoxins demonstrated that not all arachidonic acid (AA) derivatives have proinflammatory activity. It was also revealed that metabolites of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) such as resolvins, protectins, and maresins also take part in the resolution of inflammation. Knowledge of the above properties has stimulated several clinical trials on the influence of EPA and DHA supplementation on various diseases. However, the equivocal results of those trials prevent the formulation of guidelines on EPA and DHA supplementation. Prescription drugs are among the substances with the strongest influence on the profile and quantity of the synthesized eicosanoids. The lack of knowledge about their influence on the conversion of EPA and DHA into eicosanoids may lead to erroneous conclusions from clinical trials.

  3. 护理硕士研究生科研能力的非智力影响因素分析%The influence of nonintellectual factors on the research capacity of master nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季丽丽; 范秀珍; 程敏; 杨柳

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨护理硕士研究生科研能力的非智力影响因素,为提高护理硕士研究生的科研能力提供依据.方法 采用护理人员科研能力自评量表、科研动机量表、大学生创新效能感量表和自行设计的一般资料问卷,对来自全国22所院校的354名护理硕士研究生进行调查.结果 护理硕士研究生科研能力总分为(73.95±16.25)分.分层回归分析表明,年级、内在科研动机、回避失败动机、外在科研动机、对灵活性的效能感和对流质性的效能感对护生的科研能力有显著影响(P<0.05),共解释护理硕士研究生科研能力43%的变异量.其中,回避失败动机和外在科研动机不仅直接预测科研能力,还以创新自我效能为中介变量间接影响科研能力,而内在科研动机则完全以创新自我效能为中介变量间接影响科研能力.结论 护理硕士研究生的科研能力有待进一步提升,护理教育者应结合其非智力影响因素合理地制订干预措施,促进护理硕士研究生科研能力的提高.%Objective To investigate the influence of nonintellectual factors on the research capacity of master nursing students. Methods A total of 354 master nursing students from 22 universities in China were investigated with Self-Rating Nursing Research Capacity Questionnaire, Research Motivation Scale,Creative Self-efficacy Scale for Chinese College Students and self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of research capacity of master nursing students was 73.95±16.25. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that grade, intrinsic research motivation, failure avoidance, extrinsic research motivation, self-efficacy of flexibility and self-efficacy of fluidity had significant influence on the research capacity, which could explain 43% of the variance of research capacity. Creative self-efficacy completely mediated the relationship between intrinsic research motivation and

  4. CREDIT LEVEL INFLUENCING FACTORS AT HUNGARIAN FARMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toth Jozsef

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we estimate the impact of different factors on creditability of agricultural farms. According to the literature the collateral (tangible assets, the farm size, productivity, and subsidies should have significant effects on farm loans. We use data from the Hungarian Farm Accountancy Data Network to test our two hypotheses and theoretical assumptions for the period 2001-2010. Because of using panel data, we do our estimations using fixed effects econometrics model to test our assumptions. The results indicate that the chosen factors have significant influence on total liabilities and short- and long-term loans as well. With specially interest of subsidies the growing level of supports decrease the need of other financial tools. At output factors (inclusive farm size have significant and positive effect, same as collateral (tangible assets.

  5. Factors influencing consumer behaviour in market vegetables in Yemen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarish H. Al-Gahaifi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to understand factors influencing consumer behaviour when buying vegetables in Republic of Yemen. Data collection was done by structured questionnaire administered through schools, universities, government offices, and markets from 13 provinces in 5 governorates. Random convenience sampling technique was used. Total sample comprised of 463 completed questionnaires which were used for analysis. The respondents were classified into five categories on the base of their monthly income, age, education, gender, and type of settlement. Authors present the factors that can influence significantly this behaviour, e.g. price, quality, the location of seller, habit, personal relationship between consumer and seller, occasions, discount, sorting, word-mouth, time of purchase, the way of products display, and recommendation of friends and families. From the obtained results, it is obvious that there was high influence on the behaviour of Yemeni consumer when buying vegetables for factors price, occasions, discontent, and time of purchase, while factors habit, display, sorting, and the location of seller suggests medium influence, and the influence was low for word-mouth.

  6. Internal factors influencing the knowledge continuity ensuring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Urbancová

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the systematic ensuring of knowledge continuity is the continuity of an organisation’s development, the quality of managerial positions and the continuity of decision-making. By ensuring knowledge continuity, organisations may gain a performance-enhancing factor. The objective of the article is to identify the level of impact of decisive internal factors determining knowledge continuity ensuring and contributing to the efficiency of the organisations. Knowledge continuity ensuring as an internal force, however, can together with the right employees, help adapt more quickly to external conditions that organisations can hardly control. Monitoring and ensuring knowledge continuity can contribute to a higher quality of processes in general, in particular processes exploiting knowledge, and thus help improve the level of management. The first part of the article presents theoretical views on the aspects of knowledge continuity ensuring in organisations while the second part analyses the findings of the surveys carried out among managers in organisations in the Czech Republic. Based on the summary of the outcomes obtained it is possible to say that internal factors influence knowledge continuity ensuring in organisations, however, the level of impact of individual factors is determined by their size. The findings regarding the impact of each of the factors show that the most significant barriers to knowledge continuity ensuring are those associated with the human factor.

  7. Research on Conception Model for Influencing Factors of KnoWledge CollaBoration among Enterprises%企业间知识协同的影响因素概念模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧; 戚晶晶

    2014-01-01

    企业间通过知识的扩散、传播与共享可以提升自身的竞争优势。采用文献研究法,识别企业间知识协同活动过程中企业主体、知识属性和协同环境的相关要素,构建知识协同影响因素概念模型,可以发现,在协同主体的各个相关要素中,各个影响因素之间相互影响、相互作用,但并非相互独立。其中企业文化、协同意愿、智力资源作为中介变量,组织结构作为调节变量影响着协同效应。%ABstract:The competitive advantage can be improved among enterpriSeS through diffuSion,diSSemination and Sharing of knowledge. By USing literature reSearch method,recogniZing the related elementS of enterpriSe main body ,knowledge attribute and collaborative environment in the proceSS of collaborative activitieS among enterpriSeS, conStructing conception model for influencing factorS of knowledge collaboration,it can be found that in every relat-ed factor of collaborative main body,the variouS influencing factorS are mutually affected and interacted but not in-dependent. The enterpriSe culture,cooperative intention,the intelligence reSourceS aS the intermediary variable and organiZation Structure aS a moderating variable affect the collaborative effect.

  8. Review of the Research on the Influence Factors of thePoverty Students’ Psychological Health at Higher Scools%高校贫困生心理健康影响因素研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢颖

    2012-01-01

    高校贫困生心理健康一直以来都是人们关注的焦点。文章从人口统计学变量、经济、生活事件、社会支持、人格、自尊、自我概念、应对方式八个方面总结了心理健康的影响因素,并提出了研究方法需创新、研究量表需完善、研究结果需探讨、研究内容需拓宽、提高心理健康水平需加大五点展望。%Poverty Students’ Psychological Health has became the focus of attention.This paper summarizes the influence factor of the psychological health from eight respects,such as demographic variables,economic,life events,social support,personality,self-esteem,self-concept,and coping style.At the same time,the paper also proposes five prospects,such as research methods needed to be innovated;research questionnaire needed to be perfected;research result needed to be discussed;research content needed to be widened and the research of improving psychological health level needed to be increased.

  9. Research on Influencing Factors of Learning Anxiety in Virtual Learning Community%虚拟学习社区中学习焦虑的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兴保; 张婷婷; 刘敏

    2016-01-01

    Virtual learning community is an important platform for informal learning. In order to explore the influencing fac-tors of learning anxiety, we establish the model of influencing factors of learning anxiety in virtual learning community by combining research on virtual learning community of “Learning Science and Technology” at Qufu Normal University with interviews of students and our experience. We analyze the data through questionnaire survey among undergraduate students majoring in Educational Tech-nology at Qufu Normal University. The results show that learning anxiety is a common phenomenon in virtual learning community and the influencing factors of learning anxiety mainly have four aspects which including learner factors , teacher factors, platform factors and interaction factors.%虚拟学习社区是非正式学习的重要支撑平台,为探究虚拟学习社区中学习焦虑的影响因素,以曲阜师范大学《学习科学与技术》课程的虚拟学习社区为研究对象,结合学生访谈和自身体验,初步构建了虚拟学习社区中学习焦虑的影响因素模型,并以曲阜师范大学教育技术学专业本科生为调查对象,采用行动研究、问卷法开展调查,并进行数据分析。结果表明:虚拟学习社区中学习焦虑现象极为普遍,学习焦虑的影响因素主要包括学习者因素、教师因素、平台因素以及交互因素四个方面。

  10. Factors influencing the flavour of game meat: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neethling, J; Hoffman, L C; Muller, M

    2016-03-01

    Flavour is a very important attribute contributing to the sensory quality of meat and meat products. Although the sensory quality of meat includes orthonasal and retronasal aroma, taste, as well as appearance, juiciness and other textural attributes, the focus of this review is primarily on flavour. The influence of species, age, gender, muscle anatomical location, diet, harvesting conditions, ageing of meat, packaging and storage, as well as cooking method on the flavour of game meat are discussed. Very little research is available on the factors influencing the flavour of the meat derived from wild and free-living game species. The aim of this literature review is thus to discuss the key ante- and post-mortem factors that influence the flavour of game meat, with specific focus on wild and free-living South African game species.

  11. Research of LTE Throughput Influencing Factors based on Atol%基于Atoll的LTE网络吞吐量影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 李盼星

    2015-01-01

    Firstly, the paper studies the influence of traffic load and user distribution in LTE throughput through theoretical analysis and simulation, then gives some suggestions on LTE network planning based on the analysis.%文章主要通过理论分析和仿真研究网络负荷、用户分布对LTE网络小区吞吐量的影响,然后根据分析结果给出网络规划建议.

  12. Research on Influencing Factors of Basic Public Service Standardization%基本公共服务标准化影响要素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霄锋

    2015-01-01

    Basic public service standardization is a synthesis of the interaction among many correlated factors. The involved key factors can be summarized as subject, supply and demand, worth, theoretical model, technology and institution. The six key factors are respectively answers to the core questions that what is effecting and dominating of the standardization, what is the target of the standard-ization, what are the precipitating and motivating factors, what are the basis and strategy and what are the foundation and guarantee of the standardization. With interrelation and interaction, the six key factors affect the developmental level of the basic public service stan-dardization.%基本公共服务标准化实质上是诸多关联要素相互作用的综合体。它涉及的要素可以概括为主体要素、供需要素、价值要素、理论要素、技术要素和制度要素,六要素分别回应了谁在影响和主导基本公共服务标准化、其目标和旨归是什么、诱发和促动因素是什么、依据和策略是什么、方法和手段是什么、依循和保障是什么等核心问题。六要素相互联系、相互作用,共同影响着基本公共服务标准化的发展水平。

  13. Psychological well-being: the research method, influencing factors and prospect%心理幸福感:研究方法、影响因素及展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一

    2012-01-01

      心理幸福感的研究方法设计除自我报告外,还包括多重方法设计、纵向设计、跨文化研究和脑电方法研究,主要测量工具包括个人展现活动问卷、六维度心理幸福感量表、基本需要问卷等。心理幸福感的主要影响因素包括能力、目标、人格、控制点、留意、自尊、社会支持、压力等因素。未来研究应推广目前处于探索应用阶段的方法设计,并重点关注职业群体的心理幸福感以及工作层面的影响因素%  The research methods of psychological well-being in addition to self-report, also includes multiple method design, longitudinal design, intercultural studies and EEG study, the main measuring tool comprises individuals show activity questionnaire, six dimensions of psychological well-being scale, basic needs questionnaire. The main influencing factors of psychological well-being including ability, target, personality, control point, mindfulness, self-esteem, social support, stress and other factors. Future research should promote the methods and design in the stage of exploring, and focuses on the psychological well-being of occupational groups and the influencing factors on job level.

  14. NAS Human Factors Safety Research Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This laboratory conducts an integrated program of research on the relationship of factors concerning individuals, work groups, and organizations as employees perform...

  15. Accounting Conservatism in Transitional Economies : Evidence of the influence of institutional factors in Eastern Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Kowalczyk (Paulina)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractExecutive summary Prior research shows that accounting conservatism exists in mature economies. However there is not too much research about accounting conservatism in transitional economies. This paper analyses the influence of institutional and political factors on accounting conservat

  16. Influence of selected factors on induced syneresis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Snežana T.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Syneresis is the process of whey separation induced by gel contraction resulting in rearranging or restructuring of casein matrix formed during enzymatic coagulation. Numerous factors can influence the process of syneresis. The influences of pH, calcium concentration, temperature of coagulation of milk and applied heat treatment on the syneresis induced by different intensity of centrifugal force have been investigated. Coagulated samples were centrifuged at 1000, 2000 and 3000 rpm for 5 min, respectively. Reconstituted skim milk powder (control sample and reconstituted non-fat milk heat treated at 87ºC/10 min (experimental sample are coagulated at temperatures of 30ºC and 35ºC, at pH value of 5.8 and 6.2, and with the addition of 100, 200 and 400 mg/l of CaCl2, respectively. Centrifugation at 1000 rpm of both control and experimental samples didn’t recover any sera, regardless of the applied coagulation conditions. This indicates that the intensity of centrifugal force wasn’t strong enough to disrupt gel structure and cause syneresis. When the intensity of centrifugal force was increased up to 2000 rpm, the syneresis was induced, but the degree of syneresis depended on the applied factors of coagulation, primary on the applied heat treatments and temperature of coagulation. The amount of added CaCl2 didn’t have a significant influence on the induced syneresis at 2000 rpm. The induced syneresis was very significant for both control and experimental samples when the intensity of centrifugal force of 3000 rpm was applied. It was also noted that curd produced from heat treated milk in which milk protein coaggregates were formed, released less sera regardless of the applied coagulation factors.

  17. A Survey of the Influencing Factors for International Academic Mobility of Chinese University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Chun; Zhu, Chang; Meng, Qian

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to understand the factors influencing international academic mobility within the Chinese higher education context. The inventory of University Students' Perceptions of Influencing Factors for International Academic Mobility was developed and tested to enquire about Chinese university students' perceptions of factors influencing…

  18. Factors Influencing the HRD Climate of an Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Neeraj Kumari

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to find out which factor (s) influence the HRD climate of the company. The descriptive research design was under taken with the help of the structured questionnaire to study the OCTAPACE culture of Spanco Ltd. which was based on the responses of the various levels of employees working in it. Thesample consistsof 59 employees.Employees believe that the top management gives importance to the human resource and all the employees are treated humanely in the organization. ...

  19. Consumer's Online Shopping Influence Factors and Decision-Making Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Xiangbin; Dai, Shiliang

    Previous research on online consumer behavior has mostly been confined to the perceived risk which is used to explain those barriers for purchasing online. However, perceived benefit is another important factor which influences consumers’ decision when shopping online. As a result, an integrated consumer online shopping decision-making model is developed which contains three elements—Consumer, Product, and Web Site. This model proposed relative factors which influence the consumers’ intention during the online shopping progress, and divided them into two different dimensions—mentally level and material level. We tested those factors with surveys, from both online volunteers and offline paper surveys with more than 200 samples. With the help of SEM, the experimental results show that the proposed model and method can be used to analyze consumer’s online shopping decision-making process effectively.

  20. Research Progress of Influence Factors on the Preparation of Self-assembled Monolayers on Gold%金电极表面上硫醇自组装的影响因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志果; 戴建远; 史艳青; 毕树平

    2012-01-01

    本文综述了金表面上硫醇自组装的影响因素研究进展,包含表面预处理、电位控制、外加超声、微波和磁场、金属离子欠电位沉积和组装方式等几个方面.通过金表面上硫醇自组装影响因素的总结探讨,对硫醇单层的快速可控与重现构建具有重要的指导意义.%The research progress of influence factors on the preparation of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold is reviewed systematically, which includes surface pretreatment, potential control, irradiation( ultrasonic, microwave or magnetic field) , underpotential deposition, assembly method, etc. The summarization and discussion of influence factors is significant for constructing SAMs on gold fast, controllably and reproducibly.

  1. Research on the Factors Influencing Psychological Capital of R&D Staff%企业研发人员心理资本的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永周; 方婧婧

    2013-01-01

    基于企业研发人员的问卷调查数据,使用方差分析和多元线性回归分析的方法对研发人员心理资本的影响因素做了归纳和深入分析,得到企业研发人员心理资本及其各维度的关键影响因素和回归方程,并在此基础上提出开发企业研发人员心理资本的建议.%Based on the questionnaire survey data of R&D staff,the paper uses analysis of variance and multivariate linear regression to research on the influencing factors of psychological capital of R&D staff.We obtain the key influencing factors,the regression equation of psychological capital and its dimension of R&D staff,and put forward suggestions to develop R&D staff' s psychological capital on this basis.

  2. Factors Influencing Learning Environments in an Integrated Experiential Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koci, Peter

    The research conducted for this dissertation examined the learning environment of a specific high school program that delivered the explicit curriculum through an integrated experiential manner, which utilized field and outdoor experiences. The program ran over one semester (five months) and it integrated the grade 10 British Columbian curriculum in five subjects. A mixed methods approach was employed to identify the students' perceptions and provide richer descriptions of their experiences related to their unique learning environment. Quantitative instruments were used to assess changes in students' perspectives of their learning environment, as well as other supporting factors including students' mindfulness, and behaviours towards the environment. Qualitative data collection included observations, open-ended questions, and impromptu interviews with the teacher. The qualitative data describe the factors and processes that influenced the learning environment and give a richer, deeper interpretation which complements the quantitative findings. The research results showed positive scores on all the quantitative measures conducted, and the qualitative data provided further insight into descriptions of learning environment constructs that the students perceived as most important. A major finding was that the group cohesion measure was perceived by students as the most important attribute of their preferred learning environment. A flow chart was developed to help the researcher conceptualize how the learning environment, learning process, and outcomes relate to one another in the studied program. This research attempts to explain through the consideration of this case study: how learning environments can influence behavioural change and how an interconnectedness among several factors in the learning process is influenced by the type of learning environment facilitated. Considerably more research is needed in this area to understand fully the complexity learning

  3. 精益建设技术采纳影响因素与采纳意愿研究%Research on Influence Factors and Adoption Intention for Adopting Lean Construction Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李书全; 彭永芳; 郑元明

    2014-01-01

    以建筑企业员工对精益建设技术的采纳意愿为研究对象,通过调查问卷获得精益建设技术采纳意愿影响因素的数据,并利用粗糙集筛选出其中的重要影响因素;然后以技术接受模型为基础,借助系统动力学工具构建影响因素与采纳意愿的仿真模型,利用 BP 神经网络结合 MIV 算法来确定模型中的参数,并通过计算机仿真对比分析这些影响因素在不同技术成熟度下对采纳意愿的影响程度,探析影响因素与采纳意愿之间的作用规律。研究结果表明,这些影响因素对员工采纳意愿作用明显,其中精益建设技术感知有用性最显著,其次是精益建设技术感知易用性,而精益建设技术感知愉悦性的作用相对较弱。最后,就提高员工对精益技术的采纳意愿提出建议。%Taking the employees’adoption intention of lean construction technology in construction enterprise as the re-search object,this paper obtains the survey data on influence factors of adoption intention for lean construction technology from the questionnaire and recognizes the important influence factors by making use of rough set.Based on the technology acceptance model,the paper creates a simulation model which describes the relevance between the factors and adoption in-tention by system dynamics.Then,it uses the method of BP neural network combining with MIV algorithm to calculate the model parameters.With the help of computer simulation,the paper comparatively analyzes the effect of the influence factors on adoption intention at different levels of technology maturity and explores the interaction rules between influence factors and adoption intention.The research result shows that the employees’adoption intention is obviously affected by the influ-ence factors.Among them,the first one is the perceived usefulness of lean construction technology;the second one is the perceived ease of use;and the third one is

  4. Factors influencing the cardiac MIBG accumulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takatsu, Hisato; Fujiwara, Hisayoshi [Gifu Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1997-02-01

    Following factors possibly influencing the cardiac MIBG accumulation were examined mainly in mice. 1. The specific activity of the MIBG (meta-iodo-benzyl guanidine) on the neuronal and non-neuronal fractions. 2. Motor restriction stress on MIBG accumulation and washout. 3. Loading and restriction of sodium chloride on the accumulation and effect of suppression of renin-angiotensin system. 4. Examinations in Dahl rats. 125I- or 131I-MIBG was intravenously administered to mice at 74 kBq. At 30 min or 4 hr after administration, mice were sacrificed and their left ventricles were dissected out for measurement of radioactivity in a liquid scintillation counter. Salt-sensitive and -resistant Dahl rats were given with 37 MBq of 123I-MIBG and cardiac radioactivity was measured externally for calculation of washout. Factors examined were found highly correlated with the accumulation of MIBG and measurement of its washout was considered useful for evaluating sympathetic activity. (K.H.)

  5. 影响真丝香云纱产品顾客感知消费因子的研究%Research on Customer Perception Consumption Factors Influence of Real Silk Watered Gauze Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高婕; 阎玉秀

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses customer perception consumption factors of watered gauze products; assumes customer perception consumption elements influencing watered gauze products; designs a scale for measuring customer perception elements of watered gauze products; conducts exploratory factor analysis on data with the method of questionnaire survey and obtains that customer perception consumption factors of watered gauze products mainly include emotional factor, green factor, aesthetic factor, functional factor, perceived sacrifice and overall comfort factor. In the structure of customer perception factors, emotional factor makes the greatest contribution to customer perception consumption and green factor also contributes a lot. The research shows that the life attitude of environmental protection, nature and health given to customers by watered gauze products and the eagerness for and pursuit of inheritance of traditional cultural heritages should be emphasized in the process of selecting and implementing marketing strategies so as to meet different consumers' demands for the value of watered gauze products.%探讨了顾客对香云纱产品的感知消费因子,对影响香云纱产品顾客感知消费要素进行假设,设计测量香云纱产品顾客感知要素量表.通过问卷调查方法,对数据进行探索性因子分析,得出香云纱产品顾客感知消费因子主要有情感因子、绿色因子、审美因子、功能因子、感知牺牲、整体舒适因子.在顾客感知因子结构中,情感因子对顾客感知消费的贡献最大,绿色因子的贡献也很大.研究表明,在选择实施营销战略过程中,应强调香云纱产品给顾客带来的环保自然健康的生活态度和继承传统文化遗产的渴望追求,从而满足不同消费者对香云纱产品价值的需求.

  6. A study of factors influencing advanced puberty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Jun Park

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the timing of puberty and the factors inducing advanced puberty in elemental school students of low grades. Methods : The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade elemental students from the Goyang province were randomly selected, and their sexual maturation rate was assessed by physical examination. After obtaining an informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to the parents; eating habits, lifestyle, use of growth-inducing medication, and present illness of the students were evaluated to determine the factors that induced advanced puberty. The data were statistically analyzed. Results : We selected 170 children and the girls:boys sex ratio was 1.2:1. Two 9-year-old boys were in genital stage 2. Two (14.3% 6-year-old girls, 6 (19.4% 7-year-old girls, 15 (39.6% 8-year-old girls, and 4 (57.1% 9-year-old girls were in breast stage 2. The average pubertal timing predicted for girls was 9.11¡?#?.86; years. The main factors influencing pubertal timing were obesity scale, frequency of eating fast food, and the use of growth-inducing medication. A high rating on the obesity scale and high frequency of eating fast food indicated advanced stage of puberty. Growth-inducing medication induced puberty through obesity. Conclusion : We proposed that predictive average pubertal timing in girls was 9.11¡?#?.86; years, which was consistent with the previously reported findings from abroad. The significant influencing factors in advanced puberty were obesity scale and frequency of fast food.

  7. Neutralising fair credit: factors that influence unethical authorship practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinkle, Brad S; Phillips, Trisha; Hall, Alicia; Moffatt, Barton

    2017-01-31

    This study experimentally tests whether the techniques of neutralisation as identified in the criminal justice literature influence graduate student willingness to engage in questionable research practices (QRPs). Our results indicate that US-born graduate students are more willing to add an undeserved coauthor if the person who requests it is a faculty member in the student's department as opposed to a fellow student. Students are most likely to add an undeserving author if a faculty member is also their advisor. In addition, four techniques of neutralisation, 'diffusion of responsibility', 'defence of necessity', 'advantageous comparison' and 'euphemistic labelling', are associated with student willingness to act unethically. Participants who had received responsible conduct of research training were no less likely to commit the violation than those who had not. Knowledge of these influencing factors for QRPs will provide for opportunities to improve research ethics education strategies and materials.

  8. Factors influencing seed germination in Cerrado grasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Marta Kolb

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Few studies address the ecology of herbs of Cerrado grasslands, which are ecosystems where the long dry season, high temperatures, insolation, fire and invasive grasses greatly influencing germination and the establishment of plants. We assessed germination of 13 species of Poaceae from Cerrado grasslands under nursery conditions or in germination chambers, the latter with i recently collected seeds and seeds after six months storage, ii under constant and alternating temperatures, and iii in the presence and absence of light. Germinability, mean germination time (MGT and required light were quantified to elucidate factors involved in successful germination. Germinability was low for most grasses, probably because of low seed viability. For most species, germinability and MGT were not altered by seed storage. Germination percentages were higher at alternating temperatures and in the presence of light, factors that are more similar to natural environmental situations compared with constant temperature or the absence of light. Our findings indicate that alternating temperatures and light incidence are key factors for germination of species of Poaceae. The maintenance of these environmental factors, which are crucial for the conservation of Cerrado grasslands, depends on appropriate management interventions, such as fire management and the control of biological invasion.

  9. Landslide forecasting and factors influencing predictability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intrieri, Emanuele; Gigli, Giovanni

    2016-11-01

    Forecasting a catastrophic collapse is a key element in landslide risk reduction, but it is also a very difficult task owing to the scientific difficulties in predicting a complex natural event and also to the severe social repercussions caused by a false or missed alarm. A prediction is always affected by a certain error; however, when this error can imply evacuations or other severe consequences a high reliability in the forecast is, at least, desirable. In order to increase the confidence of predictions, a new methodology is presented here. In contrast to traditional approaches, this methodology iteratively applies several forecasting methods based on displacement data and, thanks to an innovative data representation, gives a valuation of the reliability of the prediction. This approach has been employed to back-analyse 15 landslide collapses. By introducing a predictability index, this study also contributes to the understanding of how geology and other factors influence the possibility of forecasting a slope failure. The results showed how kinematics, and all the factors influencing it, such as geomechanics, rainfall and other external agents, are key concerning landslide predictability.

  10. Research on the Internal and External Factors that Influence Individual's Healthy Growth%个体不健康影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万瓅媛

    2014-01-01

    The rapid development and major changes of society has brought people a lot of rich material conditions and special opportunity as well as new challenges, pressure and maladjustment. The reasons are various including genetic quality, environment, education (especially school education) and personal subjective ability. From these four aspects, this paper analyzes the influence of subjective will and objective environment in the process of personal growth.%社会的急速发展和重大变化给人们带来了很多富足的物质条件和特殊机遇,同时也带来了各种新的挑战、压力与不适应。究其原因是多方面的,是遗传素质、环境、教育(特指学校教育)、个人主观能力性综合作用的结果。本文从这四个方面,就个人成长过程中主观意志与客观环境的影响作用进行深入分析。

  11. 顾客抱怨行为影响因素研究述评%Research Review on Influence Factor of Customer Complaint Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊文彦

    2013-01-01

    顾客抱怨是消费者行为研究中一项重要的研究主题,了解抱怨原因、行为方式等有助于企业进行服务补救,降低流失率,提高企业竞争力。本文回顾国内外学者关于顾客抱怨的研究成果,对相关文献进行了总结与述评,主要包括顾客抱怨的内涵、顾客抱怨的分类,以及顾客抱怨的影响因素。%Customer complaint is an important topic in consumer behavior research. To understand the rea-sons for complaining and behavior contribute to remedial services, reduce turnovers and improve the competitive-ness of enterprises. This paper reviews research papers home and abroad on customer complaints, including the connotation, classification and effects.

  12. 织物防电磁辐射性能影响因素的研究%Factors research of Influence on Fabric Anti-electromagnetic radiation property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚傲春

    2013-01-01

    Fabric electromagnetic shielding efficiency is tested in conditions of different metal fiber, metal fiber content, different yarn structure, different weaving methods, different fabric structure, and so on. Many factors which affect the shielding properties are analyzed. This will help to develop and design radiation resistant fabric.%通过对不同金属纤维、不同金属纤维含量、不同纱线结构、不同织造方式、不同织物组织等防电磁辐射织物的屏蔽效能进行检测,探讨了织物防电磁辐射性能的影响因素,为防电磁辐射织物的开发设计提供参考。

  13. Children's disaster reactions: the influence of family and social factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfefferbaum, Betty; Jacobs, Anne K; Houston, J Brian; Griffin, Natalie

    2015-07-01

    This review examines family (demographics, parent reactions and interactions, and parenting style) and social (remote effects, disaster media coverage, exposure to secondary adversities, and social support) factors that influence children's disaster reactions. Lower family socioeconomic status, high parental stress, poor parental coping, contact with media coverage, and exposure to secondary adversities have been associated with adverse outcomes. Social support may provide protection to children in the post-disaster environment though more research is needed to clarify the effects of certain forms of social support. The interaction of the factors described in this review with culture needs further exploration.

  14. The Overview of Domestic and Overseas Research on Influencing Factors of Students' Learning Disabilities for Last Decade%近十年学生学习困难影响因素研究成果综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽婷; 梁源; 熊宜勤

    2012-01-01

    自美国学者柯克提出学习困难的定义以来,学习困难的研究一直受到学者们的广泛关注,国内外研究者从不同角度对学习困难进行研究,发现导致学习困难的因素是多方面的,包括生物学因素、心理认知因素、环境因素等。该文综合国内外近十年的相关研究成果,对学习困难的影响因素进行简要阐述,旨在为防治学习困难措施的制订提供依据。%Extensive attention has been drawn to the research on Learning Disabilities by scholars since Samuel Alexander Kirk proposed this definition.Scholars of domestic and overseas have been studying Learning Disabilities from different points,discovering it was caused by mutual aspects,including biological factor,psychological cognition,and circumstance,etc.This paper presents briefly the influencing factors of Learning Disabilities by synthesizing the research results during last decade in order to offer reference to issue measures of the preventive treatment of Learning Disabilities.

  15. Research on Influencing Factors of Corporate Strategic Management%论影响企业战略发展的相关要素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡廷东

    2011-01-01

    Here the new century of the knowledge-based economy is entering, the influnce to modern enterprise is full and deep. Strategic research on business as the timeless theme of enterprise development is growing ever more widely appreciated. From the corporate culture, market competition,texture, contingency innovation, and value logical, this paper proposed the strategy of enterprise development.%新世纪知识经济的到来,对现代企业的影响是全面的深刻的.重视企业战略的研究作为企业发展的永恒主题正越来越受到更广泛的重视.本文从企业文化、市场竞争、组织结构、应变创新、价值逻辑五方面提出对企业战略发展的影响.

  16. Empirical Study on Female Academic Staff's Scientific Research Innovation Performance and its Influencing Factors%高校女教师科研创新绩效及其影响因素实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴智华

    2011-01-01

    This paper is based on the data of female academic staff's scientific research innovation performance of a main scientific research school in a "985" project university in the recent years. The female academic staff's scientific research innovation performance and its influencing factors are empirically studied. It finds that many indices of female academic staff's scientific research performance are lower than male's, and indices of female's have the increased trend. The data shows female academic staffs are the necessary participators of the important scientific achievement, and they have the important contributions to the scientific research innovation groups, and it can't be underestimated. The suggestions of releasing the innovation abilities of the female academic staff's scientific research are given finally.%本文以某“985工程”高校主体科研院系女教师近年来科研创新绩效的数据为入口,实证研究了高校女教师的科研创新绩效及其影响因素。结论表明,高校女教师科研创新绩效指标虽然多项科研指标低于男教师,但总体呈现上升趋势,而且数据表明女教师在重要成果中是不可或缺的“参与人”,说明她们已在各科研创新团队中做出了重要贡献,高校女教师科研创新绩效在科研创新体系中发挥着不可低估的作用,文章最后给出了发挥女教师科研创新能力的相关建议。

  17. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing large African herbivore movements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venter, J.A.; Prins, H.H.T.; Mashanova, A.; Boer, de W.F.; Slotow, R.

    2015-01-01

    Understanding environmental as well as anthropogenic factors that influence large herbivore ecological patterns and processes should underpin their conservation and management. We assessed the influence of intrinsic, extrinsic environmental and extrinsic anthropogenic factors on movement behaviour o

  18. The Research Status of the Influence of Family Factors on Mental Health of Left Behind Children%家庭因素对留守儿童心理健康影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丰盛; 张建人; 凌辉

    2016-01-01

    The family is an important environment for individual growth, and it is the basis and starting point for children to grow up and move towards the society. The particularity of the left behind family determines that the family factors have special influence on the mental health development of the left behind children. Based on the predecessors on the family structure, fam-ily function, parenting style, atmosphere and other factors on the impact of left behind children's mental health research review, the author found that the research on the application of left-behind children in the aspects of research, on preschool children's longitudinal study and research in certain limitations, has guiding significance to the study of direction the future.%家庭是个体成长的重要环境,是儿童成长并走向社会的基础和起点。留守家庭的特殊性决定了其家庭因素对留守儿童的心理健康发展有着特殊的影响。通过对前人关于家庭结构、功能、气氛、教养方式等家庭因素对留守儿童心理健康的影响研究的回顾,笔者发现对留守儿童的相关研究在对学前儿童的研究、纵向研究及研究的实应用性等方面存在一定的局限,对未来的研究方向具有引导意义。

  19. Research on Psychological Capital and Influence Factors of Medical Staff%医务人员心理资本调查与影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田慧芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective We find out the psychological capital status of medical staf ,and at the same time we get the factors of psychological capital of medical staf by exploring the dif erences in dif erent demographic variables,in order to seek empirical support for the promotion of medical staf 's psychological capital. Methods We use SPSS16.0 software,applying descriptive statistical analysis,independent samples t test,and single-factor analysis of variance methods to 415 medical staf which are from four tertiary hospitals in Tianjin randomly. Results Psychological capital of medical staf overal in the upper level. The dif erent marital status of the medical staf of psychological capital do not exist significant dif erences. The dif erent genders,ages,job titles,educations and monthly incomes do exist significantly dif erences. Conclusion Demographic variables have impact on the psychological capital of medical staf .%目的:了解医务人员心理资本的现状,同时通过探讨不同人口学变量下医务人员心理资本的差异得到其影响因素,为寻求医务人员心理资本的提升提供实证支持。方法采用SPSS16.0软件,应用描述性统计分析、独立样本t检验和单因素方差分析方法,对随机抽取的天津市四家三级医院415名员工心理资本进行问卷调查,并对调查结果进行统计分析。结果医务人员心理资本总体处于中上水平,不同婚姻状况下医务人员心理资本不存在显著差异,不同性别、年龄、职称、学历和学月收入下心理资本均存在显著差异。结论人口学变量对医务人员心理资本有影响作用。

  20. Researches and Suggestions of Overseas Study on Children's Creativity Development and Its Influence Factors%国外关于幼儿创造力发展及其影响因素的研究及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程黎; 程霞; 张睿

    2012-01-01

    创造力是一种生产出具有新颖性和适切性工作成果的能力。研究幼儿创造力发展及其影响因素可以为幼儿创造力培养提供理论依据。国外诸多研究发现,3~5岁是个体发展的关键期,家长和学校应该抓住这个有利时机,创设适宜的环境,促进幼儿创造力的发展。幼儿创造力的发展是与环境交互作用的结果,受到来自多方面因素的影响,其中,家庭环境最为重要。父母良好的教养方式有益于幼儿开展创造性活动.母亲的期望与幼儿的独立性、发散性思维的发展具有显著的正相关。学校环境中的教师民主管理风格和合理期望有助于幼儿创造性潜能的发挥。此外.社会因素对幼儿创造力的发展也有重要影响。%Creativity is a type of ability to produce anything original and appropriate. Results of research on children's creativity development and its influence factors can provide theoretical bases for cultivating children's creativity. R.esults of several overseas researches find that 3-5 years is the critical period of individual development; parents and kindergartens should take this opportunity to promote the development of children's creativity by creating proper environment; the development of children's creativity is the result of integrating with the environment and it is influenced by many factors, one of which is family; parents' good educating methods are helpful to children's creativity; there is a positive correlation between expectation from mothers and children's independence and development of divergent thinking; teachers' democratic management style and reasonable expectation are helpful to the exploration of children's potential for creativity; and social factors also have important influence on the development of children' s creativity.

  1. 色度计算方法及其影响因素研究%Research on Chroma Calculation Methods and Their Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张姗姗

    2009-01-01

    The effects of wavelength interval on tristimulus value were analyzed based on the calculation methods of CIE XYZ, CIE L~* a~* b~*, and △E. Difference among ASTM weighting factors tables and their application scope were analyzed. The CIE L~* a~* b~* reversal between reflectance difference △R and color difference △E, between tristimulus value difference △XYZ and color difference △E were investigated and their application in calibration of color measurement instruments was analyzed.%基于XYZ,CIE L~*a~*b~*颜色空间的色度值和色差计算方法.分析了波长间隔对三刺激值计算的影响以及不同加权表的差别和应用范围,最后研究了CIE L~*a~*b~*空间中色差与光谱反射率差、色差与三刺激值间的逆转现象,并对其在颜色测量仪器校正方面的应用进行了分析.

  2. Partnering to proceed: scaling up adolescent sexual reproductive health programmes in Tanzania. Operational research into the factors that influenced local government uptake and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Bahati

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about how to implement promising small-scale projects to reduce reproductive ill health and HIV vulnerability in young people on a large scale. This evaluation documents and explains how a partnership between a non-governmental organization (NGO and local government authorities (LGAs influenced the LGA-led scale-up of an innovative NGO programme in the wider context of a new national multisectoral AIDS strategy. Methods Four rounds of semi-structured interviews with 82 key informants, 8 group discussions with 49 district trainers and supervisors (DTS, 8 participatory workshops involving 52 DTS, and participant observations of 80% of LGA-led and 100% of NGO-led meetings were conducted, to ascertain views on project components, flow of communication and decision-making and amount of time DTS utilized undertaking project activities. Results Despite a successful ten-fold scale-up of intervention activities in three years, full integration into LGA systems did not materialize. LGAs contributed significant human resources but limited finances; the NGO retained control over finances and decision-making and LGAs largely continued to view activities as NGO driven. Embedding of technical assistants (TAs in the LGAs contributed to capacity building among district implementers, but may paradoxically have hindered project integration, because TAs were unable to effectively transition from an implementing to a facilitating role. Operation of NGO administration and financial mechanisms also hindered integration into district systems. Conclusions Sustainable intervention scale-up requires operational, financial and psychological integration into local government mechanisms. This must include substantial time for district systems to try out implementation with only minimal NGO support and modest output targets. It must therefore go beyond the typical three- to four-year project cycles. Scale-up of NGO pilot projects of this

  3. Research on Factors influencing Oil Well Paraffin Deposit and Paraffin Control Technology%油井结蜡影响因素及防蜡技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋君

    2015-01-01

    在油田开发过程中,油井结蜡是一个常见的问题,由于原油经油管上升到地面的过程中,温度压力不断降低,并伴有气体析出,导致原本溶解在原油中的石蜡不断析出,结晶,沉积在油管和生产设备上,影响了正常的生产。介绍了国内外油井防蜡技术研究现状和结蜡机理研究进展。%In the oil field development, paraffin deposition and scale buildup are common problems. Due to temperature and pressure reducing with crude oil rising to the ground in the pipeline, and the gas precipitation, paraffin dissolved in crude oil continuously precipitates, crystallizes and deposits on the pipe wall and production equipments, which affects the normal production. In this paper, research progress in oil well paraffin control technology was summarized, and wax precipitation mechanism was discussed.

  4. Joint Simon effect:Current research, influencing factors and theories%联合 Simon 效应:现状、影响因素与理论解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐胜; 宋晓蕾

    2016-01-01

    The Joint Simon Effect (JSE) is a spatial stimulus-response compatibility effect that appears when two participants complete complementary components of a standard Simon task. The effect is considered as a valid index of the degree of self-other integration. Two main factors can influence the effect:social and nonsocial factors. Researchers explain JSE through the social facilitation theory, the co-representation account, the spatial response coding theory and the referential coding account. Future work on JSE should further explore the factors that influence it and the underlying brain mechanism, and further investigate its theoretical underpinnings.%联合 Simon 效应是一种空间刺激–反应相容性效应,它出现在当两个参与者完成 Simon 任务的互补成分时。该效应被认为是反映自我–他人整合程度的一个有效指标。影响此现象的因素主要包括社会和非社会因素。社会促进理论、共同表征理论、空间反应编码理论和参照编码理论对该效应作出了解释。未来关于联合Simon 效应的研究需深入探讨其影响因素以及脑机制,并进一步完善理论解释。

  5. B2C电子商务中消费者信任的影响因素研究%The Research of Influencing Factors of Consumer Trust in B2C E-Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何莉莉; 宋志国; 叶冰冰

    2011-01-01

    Trust is a very complex social and psychological phenomenon.E-commerce transactions have become a prominent problem in recent years.The losing of consumer trust is the key factor which hinders the further development of China's E-commerce.The research of influencing factors of consumer trust in B2C E-commerce can develop from four angles of consumer's individual characteristics,on-line company,company website and electronic environment.Discussion on the influencing factors of consumer trust has an important promoting effect for China's E-commerce industry's sustained, healthy,rapid development.%信任是一种很复杂的社会与心理现象。近年电子商务交易问题日益突出,消费者信任的缺失已经成为制约我国电子商务进一步发展的关键因素。B2C电子商务中研究消费者信任影响因素可以从消费者个人、在线商家、网站和电子商务环境4个角度展开。探讨消费者信任的影响因素对于我国电子商务行业持续、健康、快速地发展有着重要的促进作用。

  6. Examinations of factors influencing toe grip strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soma, Masayuki; Murata, Shin; Kai, Yoshihiro; Nakae, Hideyuki; Satou, Yousuke; Murata, Jun; Miyazaki, Junya

    2016-11-01

    [Purpose] This study examined the relationship between toe grip strength and its associated factors by focusing on factors that were suggested to have a relationship with toe grip strength in previous studies, aiming to clarify the factors influencing the toe grip strength of healthy women. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve healthy young women were selected for this study. Their toe grip strength, angular changes in their ankle joint during toe grip, maximum voluntary contraction activities of the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior muscles, and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscles were measured using electromyography. Their toe curl ability, foot-arch height ratio, and weight were also measured. [Results] Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the predictors of toe grip strength in the resulting model were foot-arch height ratio and the percentage of integrated electromyography (%IEMG) of the tibialis anterior muscle, as the dependent variables. This reveals that women whose tibialis anterior muscle %IEMG values and foot-arch height ratio are high have greater %IEMG values have greater toe grip strength. [Conclusion] These findings suggest a significant relationship between foot-arch height ratio and toe grip strength, with a reciprocal interaction. These findings further indicate that the risk of falls by the elderly could be decreased if toe grip strength were enhanced, by increasing the height of a low foot-arch with the help of an inserted insole.

  7. Geobacter sulfurreducens对汞的甲基化及其影响因素研究%Research on Mercury Methylation by Geobacter sulfurreducens and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹嫣; 司友斌; 颜雪; 陈艳

    2012-01-01

    在实验室模拟条件下,研究了铁还原菌Geobacter sulfurreducens对汞的甲基化作用及其影响因素.结果表明,G.sulfurreducens在低浓度汞溶液中能够生长,但生长受到一定程度的抑制,主要表现在菌株生长曲线迟缓期的延长.G.sulfurreducens在生长过程中能同时将溶液中无机汞转化为甲基汞,甲基化过程受多种环境因素的制约.在初始HgCl2浓度为1 mg.L^-1、温度35℃、pH 6.0、0.9%盐度的厌氧环境条件下,G.sulfurreducens对汞的甲基化率可达38%.适当增加HgCl2初始浓度与盐度能提高甲基汞的转化率,但过高汞浓度和盐度会造成微生物的死亡;温度在4~35℃范围内,温度越高甲基汞转化率越高;弱酸性环境比酸性或中碱性环境更利于汞的甲基化.此外,腐殖酸和半胱氨酸等均影响甲基汞的转化效率,其中腐殖酸对汞甲基化有一定的抑制作用,而半胱氨酸有较强的促进作用.该研究为自然水体生态系统中铁还原菌参与汞甲基化的过程提供了直接证据.%Mercury methylation by Geobacter sulfurreducens and the effects of environmental factors were studied under laboratory conditions.The results showed that G.sulfurreducens could grow well in the presence of low concentrations of mercuric chloride,but its growth was inhibited to a certain extent,mainly expressed in the prolonged lag phase.G.sulfurreducens could transform inorganic mercury into methylmercury,and this process was affected by many environmental factors.The efficiency of mercury methylation reached 38% under anaerobic conditions with 1 mg·L^-1 HgCl2 and 0.9% salinity at 35℃,pH 6.0.Increasing the initial HgCl2 concentration or salinity in an appropriate manner improved mercury methylation,but the concentration of methylmercury reduced when the concentrations of HgCl2 and salinity were too high.The efficiency of mercury methylation increased with the increasing temperature in range of 4-35℃.Weakly acidic

  8. 石墨微粉的流动性及其影响因素%Research on Flowability of Graphite Powders and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史卫东; 张良; 郭建广; 蒋云

    2011-01-01

    针对石墨微粉在运输过程中易振实,严重影响施放烟幕质量的问题,根据Carr指数法原理测试多个样品的流动性能,并通过模拟汽车运输振动试验获得石墨微粉的具体振实情况,研究粉体压缩度、粒径分布、流散剂包覆效果等因素对流动性能的影响规律.结果表明:当粒径在4.0~13.0μm的石墨微粒的体积分数大于60%、中值粒径为5.5μm左右,(直)流散剂混合与包覆效果较均匀时,石墨微粉的流动性和抗振实性能较好.%In order to solve the problem of graphite powders becoming highly dense in transit, which could greatly reduce the quality of discharging smoke, the flowability of several samples was tested on the basis of Carr index theory. The details of compaction were gained by a vibration-simulated test. Then the impact of several factors, such as compression degree, size distribution, surface coating quality on flowability was studied. The results showed that the graphite powder has better flowability and compaction-resistant performance under the following conditions. The volume fraction of graphite particles between 4.0 μm and 13.0 μm was larger than 60%. The median diameter d50 was about 5.5 μm. The graphite powder was well mixed and coated by the free-flowing agents.

  9. RESEARCH ON THE INFLUENCE FACTORS OF THE SUBLIMATION RATE OF MOLYBDENUM TRIOXIDE%影响升华氧化钼升华率的因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔玉青; 周新文; 何凯

    2016-01-01

    We used the self-made furnace to prepare the sublimation of MoO3 .The main factors affecting the subli-mation rate were investigated , including the sublimation temperature , sublimation time ,raw material grade , charge amount ,etc.The results showed that for the same material ,sublimation rates increased with the increasing of tem-perature and time gradually;While the other conditions remain unchanged , charge amount of the sublimation rate effects on the material is not obvious;by comparing different sublimation temperature of the product obtained from the chemical index , K content in the product is showed a decreasing trend with sublimation temperature reduc -tion.By TEM, the sublimation of MoO3 is spherical,uniform morphology.%本文采用自制升华炉制备升华三氧化钼. 考察了影响升华率的主要因素其中包括升华温度、升华时间、原料品位、料层厚度等对升华氧化钼制备过程升华率的影响. 结果显示,同种原料,升华率随着温度的升高,时间的延长逐渐增加;其他条件不变的情况下,料层厚度对物料的升华率影响不明显;通过对比不同升华温度所得产品的化学指标,得到产品中K含量随着升华温度的降低呈现降低趋势. 通过透射电镜分析,得到升华三氧化钼为球形,形貌规整统一.

  10. 辣椒花药培养影响因素的研究%Research on Factors Influencing Anther Culture of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚明霞; 何铁光; 董文斌; 赵坤; 王益奎; 王日升; 康德贤

    2013-01-01

    We analyzed the disinfection effect on six flower buds of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), and studied the effects of different genotypes and inoculation amounts on anther culture. The results showed that, the disinfection method used in this study got good effect, and three genotypes were free of contamination, in addition, among the other three, the highest contamination rate was 23.08%. Embryoids could be induced from three genotypes, and the embryoid forming rates were 1.18%-1.38%, however embryoids could not be induced from hot pepper type with small fruits. Callus could be induced from all the six genotypes with callus forming rates of 17.65%-69.44%. Inoculation amount affected the callus induction but had no significant influence on embryoid forming, and as the inoculation amount increased, the callus forming rate was increased by 0.77%-13.67%. In callus subculture, inoculation amount had different effects on callus growth because the difference of genotypes, and neither embryiod nor adventitious bud were differentiated from the calluses of all six genotypes during subculturing for the first time.%以6种基因型辣椒的花蕾为材料,比较了不同基因型辣椒花蕾的消毒效果,辣椒基因型及花药接种量对花药培养的影响。研究结果表明,本试验的消毒方法获得了较好的消毒效果,3个基因型材料均未受污染,其他最高的污染率为23.08%;50%的基因型能诱导出胚状体,出胚率1.18%~1.38%,小果型的辣椒不能诱导出胚状体;所有基因型均能诱导出愈伤组织,出愈率17.65%~69.44%;花药接种量对花药愈伤组织诱导有影响,增大接种量,出愈率上升0.77%~13.67%,但对胚状体诱导影响不明显;在愈伤组织的继代培养中,接种量对其生长的影响因基因型不同而不同,所有基因型的愈伤组织在第一次继代培养中均不能分化出胚状体或不定芽。

  11. Research on Influencing Factors of Milk Aqueous Solution Fluorescence Spectrum%牛奶水溶液荧光光谱影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾春峰; 兰秀风; 于银山; 卢礼萍

    2012-01-01

    研究了纯牛奶、高钙奶、高钙低脂奶和过期约10天的纯牛奶水溶液的三维荧光光谱特征.实验结果表明,牛奶水溶液的荧光峰随着激发波长的增长而红移;当激发波长大于340 nm时,荧光光谱上出现次级荧光峰,且该峰也随激发波长的增加而红移.通过对比研究发现,牛奶的浓度对牛奶水溶液荧光光谱的影响不大,而牛奶品种对其荧光光谱影响较大,尤其是高钙低脂奶.过期的牛奶水溶液在较长或者较短波长激发光激励下,荧光峰强度高于未过期的同类牛奶.初步分析了在一定激发波长下高钙低脂奶、过期牛奶的荧光强度比其他样品荧光强度强的原因.研究结果可为利用荧光光谱技术检测牛奶品质提供参考.%Three-dimensional fluorescence spectra of pure milk, milk with high calcium, milk with high calcium and low fat, and pure milk expiring by about 10 days are researched. The experiment indicates that the fluorescence peak of milk aqueous solution shows red shift with the increase of stimulation wavelength. When the stimulation wavelength is longer than 340 nm, a secondary fluorescence peak appears in the fluorescence spectrum, and it also shows red shift with the increase of stimulation wavelength. By comparison it is found that the concentration has little effect on fluorescence spectrum of milk aqueous solution, while the species of milk has greater impact, especially the milk with high calcium and low fat. The reason why the fluorescence intensities of the milk with high calcium and low fat and the expired milk are stronger under certain stimulation wavelength is analyzed preliminary. The findings may provide reference when using the fluorescence spectrum to identify milk quality.

  12. Influencing Factors of Rural Human Consumption in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun LI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper combines the social capital theory, the ordered choice model, and the case study in order to analyze the influence factors of the rural human consumption. The results show the presence of inverted U shape curve relation between human consumption amount and age. Human communication range, income, the highest single human consumption amount and the minimum amount, occupation, family population, the existing of human consumption capacity and the scope of the existing relationships between interpersonal relationship satisfaction and other factors on human consumption level has positive influence on human consumption level. Domestic researches on human behaviour are wide, but most of the studies are focused on the social, human, and psychological disciplines. For the origin of human consumption, scholars focus on four aspects like novelty, human or mutual needs. This research is based on field investigation conducted in Niuxintai village, Liaoning Province, in order to understand the current situation of the rural human consumption in China, and to explain the function and influencing factors of human consumption.

  13. LITERATURE REVIEW ON FACTORS INFLUENCING MILK PURCHASE BEHAVIOUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaudia Kurajdova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s highly informed, competitive and saturated market, a key to success of any business depends on knowing consumer and his consumption patterns and recognizing and understanding factors influencing his decision-making for the purpose of developing an attractive offer of products, supporting services, communication means and other marketing tools that would fit like a glue to customer’s needs. Study of consumer behaviour belongs to a group of very wide and strong subjects of marketing attention and its examination requires ongoing approach. Milk, as one category of dairy products, belongs to the group of basic daily-consumed products characterized by relatively high purchase frequency. On the other hand, its production and consumption is experiencing certain negative trend in Slovakia what inevitably calls for a scientific attention and examination in order to reverse this unfavourable development having a negative impact on the milk companies in Slovakia. Therefore, we focus our attention on studying various factors influencing consumers when purchasing this specific product. Our research in this stage resulted in the compilation of literature review on factors influencing consumers when purchasing milk and determination of boundaries and guidelines for our future research activity

  14. Empirical Research on the Knowledge Sharing Influence Factors Within the Project Management Organization%工程管理组织内部知识共享影响因素的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪国栋; 黄付帅; 杜月; 邹新; 杜斌

    2015-01-01

    Through literature research and theoretical assumptions,this paper sets up an influencing factors model of knowledge sharing within the project management organization from three dimensions including main factors,object factors and environmental factors. Through developing measurement scales,drawing up the questionnaire survey,carrying on extensive research,and executing the descriptive statistical analysis,reliability and validity analysis,correlation and regression analysis about the research data using SPSS software,the paper tests the research hypothesis. Results show that the trust among members,organizational culture and leadership support affect the knowledge sharing within the project management organization significantly and positively,and the hidden features of the knowledge,difference among members,and independence of organizational unit have impact on the knowledge sharing within the project management organization significantly and negatively.%通过文献研究和理论假设,从主体因素、客体因素和环境因素3个维度,构建了工程管理组织内部知识共享效果的影响因素模型.通过开发测量量表,编制调研问卷,开展广泛调研,并利用SPSS统计分析软件对调研数据进行了描述性统计分析、信度和效度分析、相关分析以及回归分析,并对研究假设进行了实证检验.研究结果表明:成员间信任、组织文化和领导支持等对工程管理组织内部知识共享效果具有显著的正向影响,而知识内隐性、成员间差距和组织单元独立性等对工程管理组织内部知识共享效果具有显著的负向影响.

  15. Journal impact factor: this editorial, academic and scientific influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Milton Artur; Greco, Oswaldo Tadeu; Braile, Domingo Marcolino

    2009-01-01

    In this report the authors present information on the bibliometric instruments and their importance in measuring the quality of scientific journals and researchers. They in particular the history and deployment of the impact factor of the existing Institute for Scientific Information since 1955. Are presented and discussed the criticism regarding the inadequacy of the impact factor for evaluation of scientific production, misuse and strategies editorial handling of the bibliometric index. It is presented to the new classification CAPES for the journals, based on various criteria and the impact factor and its influence on national scientific and academic life. The authors conclude that, despite all obstacles and discussions, the impact factor of the Institute for Scientific Information is still an useful tool and the only isolation available to assess the scientific and intellectual productivity.

  16. Factors influencing career choice in anaesthesiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Tyagi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a shortage of anaesthesiologists in India. The factors that prompt medical students to opt for anaesthesiology as their career are not known; neither do we have any mechanism to know a student′s stress-bearing ability before he/she opts for a stressful career like anaesthesiology. We conducted an anonymous, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey among 200 post-graduate anaesthesiology students to know various factors that they considered while opting for this speciality, and also evaluated their stress-bearing ability using Antonovsky′s 13-point sense of coherence scale. Methods: Two-hundred anaesthesiology students were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the factors they considered important while opting for anaesthesiology, also enumerated in order of importance the three most important factors that led to opting this career. Students also answered the questions in Antonovsky′s sense of coherence (SOC scale. Results: Economic security was considered by maximum number of students (67.7%, while intellectual stimulation/challenge offered by anaesthesiology was rated first in order of importance. Influence of doctor−patient relationship was not considered by large number of students. The weak SOC score (55 (25 th percentile was not greatly different than the mean SOC score (60 in the survey. Conclusion: Increasing the exposure of students to anaesthesiology at undergraduate level and building public awareness about the speciality will prompt more students to opt for the speciality, while career counselling with regard to specific needs of a speciality and ability of a student will help in opting the speciality that best suits the student′s personality.

  17. Factors influencing nurses' perceptions of occupational safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samur, Menevse; Intepeler, Seyda Seren

    2017-01-02

    To determine nurses' perceptions of occupational safety and their work environment and examine the sociodemographic traits and job characteristics that influence their occupational safety, we studied a sample of 278 nurses. According to the nurses, the quality of their work environment is average, and occupational safety is insufficient. In the subdimensions of the work environment scale, it was determined that the nurses think "labor force and other resources" are insufficient. In the occupational safety subdimensions "occupational illnesses and complaints" and "administrative support and approaches," they considered occupational safety to be insufficient. "Doctor-nurse-colleague relationships," "exposure to violence," and "work unit" (eg, internal medicine, surgical, intensive care) are the main factors that affect occupational safety. This study determined that hospital administrations should develop and immediately implement plans to ameliorate communication and clinical precautions and to reduce exposure to violence.

  18. Factors Influencing Sulfinatodehalogenation Reactions of Perhalocarbons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU,Kai(吴恺); CHEN,Qing-Yun(陈庆云)

    2004-01-01

    The study on the factors influencing sulfinatodehalogenation of perfluorohexyl chloride plus octene-1 by using Na2S2O4/NaHCO3 discovered that among the various solvents tested(e.g.Me2SO,NMP,DMAc,CH3CN,CH3CN/H2O)at different temperatures,Me2SO was found to be the most suitable solvent and the conversion of the chloride was very dependent on the reaction temperature.When Me2SO was used in the reaction of perfluoroalkyl iodides,the reaction temperature could be decreased by 20℃ as compared with that carried out in CH3CN/H2O to reach the comparable yields.

  19. Factors influencing presence in virtual worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Meyrick C M

    2012-01-01

    Virtual worlds are showing potential as an effective platform for a variety of activities, including learning. The concept of presence (the sensation of "being there" in a mediated environment) has received substantial attention from the virtual reality community, and the effectiveness of virtual worlds has often been linked to the feelings of presence reported by their users. The present study examined the effects of attitude and perceived ease of use on sense of presence in Second Life, which is one of the most known and used virtual worlds. Based on data from a survey of 206 nursing students, hypotheses are empirically tested. Findings suggest that users' attitude toward using Second Life and their perceived ease of use of it have a positive effect on their sense of presence in the virtual environment. This study advances our understanding of factors influencing presence in virtual worlds.

  20. Factors influencing consumer dietary health preventative behaviours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritson Christopher

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The deterioration of the health status of the Romanian population during the economic transition from a centrally planned to a free market economy has been linked to lifestyles factors (e.g. diet regarded as a main determinants of the disparity in life expectancy between Eastern and Western Europe. Reforms in the health care system in this transition economy aim to focus on preventive action. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that impact on the individual decision to engage in Dietary Health Preventive Behaviour (DHPB and investigate their influence in the context of an adapted health cognition model. Methods A population-based study recruited 485 adult respondents using random route sampling and face-to-face administered questionnaires. Results and discussion Respondents' health motivation, beliefs that diet can prevent disease, knowledge about nutrition, level of education attainment and age have a positive influence on DHPB. Perceived barriers to healthy eating have a negative impact on alcohol moderation. The information acquisition behaviour (frequency of reading food labels is negatively predicted by age and positively predicted by health motivation, education, self-reported knowledge about nutrition and household financial status. A significant segment of respondents believe they are not susceptible to the elicited diseases. Health promotion strategies should aim to change the judgments of health risk. Conclusion The adaptation of the Health Belief Model and the Theory of Health Preventive Behaviour represents a valid framework of predicting DHPB. The negative sign of perceived threat of disease on DHPB may suggest that, under an income constraint, consumers tend to trade off long-term health benefits for short-term benefits. This cautions against the use of negative messages in public health campaigns. Raising the awareness of diet-disease relationships, knowledge about nutrition (particularly

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF CORPORATE SPECIFIC FACTORS UPON FINANCING DECISIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lacatus Viorel-Dorin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the existing theories for the capital structure of a corporation and to determine the factors that influence the financing decisions of Romanian corporations. The gearing ratios vary a lot among Romanian corporations pointing out the fact that the internal specific factors are the ones with a greater impact upon their capital structure, and not the external factors. Our empiric research evaluates the determining factors for the debt ratio (total debt/total assets of some Romanian corporations, focusing on its explanatory variables by including them within simple and multiple econometric models. The panel data indicators computed for the companies in the Cluj area listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange were evaluated with the OLS and FEM techniques.The results have been interpreted, pointing out that company size and asset turnover seem to have a positive influence upon the debt ratio of selected companies, while profitability and liquidity seem to influence the debt ratio of selected companies negatively.

  2. Generational Approach to Factors Influencing Career Choice in Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jony Hsiao

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This research aims to grasp which factors influence the generation Y to choose accounting as its career. A significant decline in the number of candidates willing to pursue a career as accountant has been observed abroad - USA, Australia, and Japan. However, in other countries - Brazil, Singapore, and Hong Kong - the opposite has been observed. Another issue is the decline in educational qualification of those pursuing an accounting career, contributing in a way that many talented students change their career choice. This may be explained by the fact that people tend to believe accounting is an exact science, full of calculations, boring, and not very creative, bringing an unbalance between the traits an individual should have according to the job market and those perceived by society. In order to give a contribution to literature concerning the factors that influence the generation Y in its career choice, a goal of this research was conducting an exploratory study where some hypotheses were formulated to support the discussion. We used Mannheim's Generational Theory and the literature on career choice. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire, based on Schwartz's Portrait Value Questionnaire and Germeijs and Verschueren's Student Choice Task Inventory, adapted through focus group interview. Data were fully collected online and the sample consisted of 665 subjects. The results showed that people who chose accounting as their career were influenced by factors such as creativity, independence, challenging and dynamic environment, job security, money-making, job availability, and other significant people - friends and teachers. The subjects were not influenced by social factors, such as working with people and making contributions to society and family. They wish for more autonomy, creativity, and flexibility at work, and people still care about job security and money-making.

  3. Factors Influencing Students’ Perceptions of Online Teamwork

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Falls

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of online teaching in higher education demands a change in the types of pedagogies used in those courses. An example of one of these important pedagogies includes online teamwork. Teamwork in this context is one in which the majority of the individual’s grade is dependent on the positive or negative group experiences. This study utilized the theoretical framework of social motivation and cohesion to identify the factors shaping students’ perceptions of teamwork in online college courses. In these courses, the pedagogical approach known as the Five Pillars of effective collaborative work was applied. An Online Teamwork Learning Survey was developed based on these principles and completed by 62 undergraduate students enrolled in semester-long online courses required in their early childhood education program of study. Using a comparison between pre–postsurveys and regression analysis, the results showed that although the students’ perceptions of teamwork did not significantly change, the factors influencing their responses during the posttest doubled in number. The results showed that through carefully designed virtual teamwork activities, students learned that essential team characteristics such as promotive interaction, individual accountability, and positive interdependence are an integral part of effective collaboration and strong predictors of teamwork perception.

  4. Factors Influencing Organization Adoption Decision On Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ailar Rahimli

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is a developing field, using by organization that require to computing resource to provide the organizational computing needs. The goal of this research is evaluate the factors that influence on organization decision to adopt the cloud computing in Malaysia. Factors that relate to cloud computing adoption that include : need for cloud computing, cost effectiveness, security effectiveness of cloud computing and reliability. This paper evaluated the factors that influence on adoption decision from view point of management decision making. The variable that evaluate in this study include: Cost effectiveness, Need for cloud computing, Security effectiveness, and reliability on cloud computing as independent variable and Adoption decision as dependent variable. The scope of this research is IT companies in Malaysia, and target population is member of organization that want to make decision to adopt the cloud computing. The Correlation and Multi Regression analysis show that all factor s have a positive and significant effect on organization adoption decision to cloud computing. 

  5. The Network Shopping Behavior Influence Factors of Empirical Research ---Based on the Perspective of Double Channel%网络购物行为影响因素实证研究--基于双渠道视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙贞杰; 刘遗志

    2013-01-01

    Online and offline dual-channel operation has become a major trend on changing of channels of traditional companies in the Internet era, more and more modern consumers become dual channel consumers and more and more businesses sell their products through traditional sales channels as well as 0nline selling. This article is based on an existing online shopping influencing factors literature, integrated multi-channel choice theory and the theory of customer value and build a dual-channel consumer online shopping behavior influencing factors model and corresponding assumptions. At the same time , taking Guilin University of Electronic Technology student consumers as the research object and dual channels as research perspection , we conduct the empirical analysis on influencing factors of consumer online shopping behavior. Studies obtain five drivers influencing factors of consumer online shopping and prove them have a significant positive impact on consumer online shopping choice behavior by empirical evidence. Finally, the studies explore the practical significance and inadequacy according to the conclusions for the empirical analysis and hope to supply corporate marketing decisions with some references with some corporate marketing decisions.%线上、线下双渠道运作已经成为互联网时代传统企业渠道变革的一大趋势,越来越多的现代消费者变成了双渠道消费者,越来越多的商家在利用传统销售渠道销售产品的同时也通过网络直销模式进行产品销售。本文基于现有网络购物影响因素文献,整合多渠道选择理论和顾客价值理论,构建了双渠道下消费者网络购物行为影响因素模型并提出相应假设。同时以桂林电子科技大学学生消费者为研究对象,以双渠道为研究视角,对消费者网络购物行为的影响因素进行了实证研究。研究得出了五个驱动消费者进行网络购物的影响因素并实证证明了其分

  6. 居民电子废物回收行为影响因素的实证研究%An empirical research on recycling behavior of waste electrical and electronic equipment and its influence factor.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余福茂; 段显明; 梁慧娟

    2011-01-01

    Based on the results of questionnaire investigation to 350 urban residents, an empirical research was done on the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), aiming to the recycling behavior, the behavior intention and the influence factors. The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the structure equal model based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) could be used to interpret the related hypotheses effectively, and some situational factors, such as environmental knowledge, public preach and trash separation of home wastes, played regulating roles on the recycling behavior. Perceived behavioral control played a vital role on promoting the conversion of behavior intention into behavior. While the convenience situation of recycling behavior was an important factor impacting perceived behavioral control.%基于对350名城市居民的问卷调查结果,运用验证性因子分析方法对居民的电子废物回收行为、行为意向及其影响因素进行了实证研究.结果表明,基于计划行为理论所建立的结构方程模型可以较为有效地诠释有关研究假设,环境知识、舆论宣传和垃圾分类等情境因素对电子废物回收行为具有调节作用.知觉行为控制对于行为意向转化为行为具有非常重要地促进作用,而便利状况则是影响知觉行为控制的重要因素.

  7. 中国家族企业子女继任意愿的影响因素研究%The Research of the Influencing Factors of Inheritor's Succeeding Motivation in Family Firms in China (Research on the Influencing Factors of Children Successor Wishes in Family Business in China)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈璐; 苏宗伟

    2013-01-01

    选取家族企业作为研究对象,在文献研究的基础上,运用实证方法探求了子女继任家族企业意愿的影响因素.本研究的结果表明:(1)子女的内部职业志趣、企业的优势与前景和家长期望对继任意愿有显著正向影响,其中子女的内部职业志趣影响最大;(2)子女的外部职业志趣,企业问题与危机,家族矛盾和冲突及市场就业机会对继任意愿有显著的负向影响.同时,一系列的背景变量也会对子女的继任意愿产生影响.研究显示,男性继任者比女性继任者的继任意愿要高,独生子女比非独生子女的继任意愿要高.企业的规模越大,企业资产越多,子女的继任意愿就越强烈.%This paper targets the family business as the research object.On the basis of literature review,this paper explores the influential factors of succeeding motivation in the successors by empirical methods.The research findings show:(1) offspring's interest in family firms,advantages and prospect of family business,and expectations from parents affect succeeding motivation positively,among which offspring' s interest in family firms has the greatest positive effect.(2)Offspring's interest in non-family firms,problems and crises of family firms,family conflict,and employment chances in the market affect succeeding motivation negatively.Meanwhile,a series of background variables affect the succeeding motivation as well.The research shows that the male's succeeding motivation is higher than that of the female,and the only child's succeeding motivation is higher than that of children with siblings.Bigger firms with higher capital lead to higher succeeding motivation.

  8. Analysis on influencing factors of clinical teachers’ job satisfaction by structural equation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyi Jia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available [Research objective] Analyze the influencing factors of clinical teachers’ job satisfaction. [Research method] The ERG theory was used as the framework to design the questionnaires. Data were analyzed by structural equation model for investigating the influencing factors. [Research result] The modified model shows that factors of existence needs and growth needs have direct influence on the job satisfaction of clinical teachers, the influence coefficients are 0.540 and 0.380. The three influencing factors have positive effects on each other, and the correlation coefficients are 0.620, 0.400 and 0.330 respectively. [Research conclusion] Relevant departments should take active measures to improve job satisfaction of clinical teachers from two aspects: existence needs and growth needs, and to improve their work enthusiasm and teaching quality.

  9. Preoperative factors influencing success in pterygium surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres-Gimeno Ana

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To identify preoperative, perioperative and postoperative risk factors that influence the success of pterygium surgery. Methods This is a prospective study of thirty-six patients with primary or recurrent pterygia. A detailed anamnesis and an ophthalmological examination were performed looking for the following factors: age, race, latitude and altitude of the main place of residence, hours of exposure to the sun, use of protective measures against UV-radiation, classification of pterygium, width of the pterygium at limbus, surgical technique (conjunctival autograft plus suturing versus tissue glue, graft alterations (misapposition, granuloma, haemorrhage, oedema, retraction or necrosis, and postoperative symptoms (foreign-body sensation, pain. The examinations were performed 2 and 7 days and 2, 6 and 12 months after surgery. In addition, recurrence was defined as any growth of conjunctiva into the cornea. Results A logistic regression and a survival analysis have been used to perform data analysis. A total number of 36 patients completed a one year follow-up. A total of 13 patients were born and lived in Spain, and 26 came from other countries, mostly Latin America. A total number of 8 males (no women presented a recurrence, mainly between 2 and 6 months. The hours of sun exposure through their life was independently related to surgical success. Pterygia of less than 5 mm of base width showed a weak positive correlation with recurrence. None of the other factors considered were significantly related to recurrence. Conclusions Male gender and high sun exposure are strongly and independently related to surgical success after the removal of pterygia.

  10. 大学英语课堂教学效果影响因素研究--基于两水平模型%Research on Influencing Factors of College English Classroom Teaching Based on Two-level Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙方莉

    2014-01-01

    This paper establishes a two-level model,using the first CET 4 scores as the dependent variable and the students’class,gender,age,nationality,place of origin and the college entrance examination scores as the independent variables,with the aim to analyze the influencing factors of college English classroom teaching. This research finds that the influencing factors from both teachers and students are important,but the characteristics of the students themselves are more important. Students’English scores in high school have a significant impact on the college English classroom teaching. Gender,age,nationality and place of origin also have a relevant relationship with college English classroom teaching effects.%以英语四级首次考试成绩作为因变量,以学生的班级、性别、年龄、民族、籍贯和高考英语成绩为自变量建立了两水平模型,分析了影响大学英语课堂教学效果的因素。研究发现,教师与学生因素对大学英语课堂教学效果都很重要,但学生本身的特征更重要一些。高中英语学习成绩对大学英语课堂教学效果具有显著的影响,性别、年龄、民族、籍贯与大学英语课堂教学效果也存在相关性。

  11. Factors influencing professional life satisfaction among neurologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira-Poit, Stephanie M; Halpern, Michael T; Kane, Heather L; Keating, Michael; Olmsted, Murrey

    2017-06-19

    Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U.S, neurologists. We collaborated with the AAN to survey a sample of U.S. neurologists about their professional life satisfaction. Analyses examined the association of physician and practice characteristics with aspects of professional life satisfaction, including satisfaction with their career in medicine, medical specialty, current position, relationship with colleagues, relationship with patients, work/life balance, and pay. The study population consisted of 625 neurologists. In multivariate regression analyses, no single group or population stratum indicated high (or low) responses to all aspects of satisfaction. Older neurologists reported higher satisfaction with career, specialty, and relationship with patients than younger neurologists. Female neurologists had significantly lower satisfaction with pay than male neurologists. Neurologists who spent more time in research and teaching had greater satisfaction with specialty, relationship with colleagues, and relationship with patients than those spending no time in research. Neurologists who practiced in small cities/rural areas reported lower satisfaction across multiple dimensions than those practicing in large urban areas. Neurologists in solo practice had greater satisfaction with the relationship with their patients, but lower satisfaction with pay. Satisfaction is a multidimensional construct that is associated with

  12. Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to assess factors that may influence implementation of tobacco use treatment guidelines in the Viet Nam public health care delivery system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanDevanter, Nancy; Kumar, Pritika; Nguyen, Nam; Nguyen, Linh; Nguyen, Trang; Stillman, Frances; Weiner, Bryan; Shelley, Donna

    2017-02-28

    Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam. Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to (1) identify factors that may influence guideline implementation and (2) inform further modifications to the intervention that may be necessary to translate a model of care delivery from a high-income country (HIC) to the local context of a LMIC. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with CHC medical directors, health care providers, and village health workers (VHWs) in eight CHCs (n = 40). Interviews were transcribed verbatim and translated into English. Two qualitative researchers used both deductive (CFIR theory driven) and inductive (open coding) approaches to analysis developed codes and themes relevant to the aims of this study. The interviews explored four out of five CFIR domains (i.e., intervention characteristics, outer setting, inner setting, and individual characteristics) that were relevant to the analysis. Potential facilitators of the intervention included the relative advantage of the intervention compared with current practice (intervention characteristics), awareness of the burden of tobacco use in the population (outer setting), tension for change due to a lack of training and need for skill building and leadership engagement (inner setting), and a strong sense of collective efficacy to provide tobacco cessation services (individual characteristics). Potential barriers included the perception that the intervention was more complex (intervention characteristic) and not necessarily compatible (inner setting) with current workflows and staffing

  13. Research on the Influencing Factors of Online Advertising Effect through Attention%关注度视角下的网络广告效果影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶萍; 刘先伟

    2013-01-01

    本文借鉴Kendall网络广告认知模型,在关注度的视角下,提出了态度、吸引力、可信度、副效应、关注度、效果之间的研究假设。采用网上和人工两种方式收集问卷,运用结构方程模型对样本数据进行定量研究,建立了关注度视角下的网络广告效果影响因素模型,并对研究结果进行了分析和探讨。实证研究结果表明:态度、吸引力、可信度通过关注度这一中介变量显著地影响网络广告效果,关注度和副效应显著地直接影响网络广告效果,影响因素间的路径系数在性别上有显著差异,并据此提出了网络广告建议。%This paper references Kendall Online Advertising Cognitive Model and proposes research hypotheses between attitude, attraction, belief, side effect, attention and effect. Internet and manual survey are implemented, the quantita-tive analysis on sample data is carried out by structural equation model and the influencing factors of online advertising effect through attention model is established, analysis and discussion are made based on the research results. The research results show that attitude, attraction, belief significantly affect the effect of online advertising through the inter-mediary variable-attention, attention and side effect directly affect the effect of online advertising, and the influencing factors of online advertising differs from different gender, based on which, suggests are made for online advertising.

  14. Research Progress on the Influencing Factors of Agrobacterium-mediated Genetic Transformation of Cannabis sativa L.%农杆菌介导的汉麻遗传转化影响因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵越; 魏国江; 潘冬梅; 韩承伟; 韩喜财; 徐磊

    2015-01-01

    Genetic transformation technology is the basis to develop new hemp varieties and study functional ge‐nomics .The efficiency of A grobacterium‐mediated Cannabis sativa L .genetic transformation was effected by genotype ,explant size ,agrobacterium strains ,pretreatment time ,infection time ,co‐culture time ,antioxidants ,a‐cetyl clove ketone and so on .These influencing factors and the research progress were analyzed and summa‐rized ,so as to provide the scientific basis for promoting Cannabis sativa L .genetic transformation research .%遗传转化技术是培育汉麻新品种和进行功能基因组学研究的基础,采用农杆菌介导法对汉麻进行遗传转化,汉麻的基因型、外植体大小、农杆菌菌株、预处理时间、侵染时间、共培养时间、抗氧化剂、乙酰丁香酮等都会对遗传转化效率产生影响。分析并概括了这些影响因素及其研究进展情况,为促进汉麻农杆菌介导的遗传转化研究提供科学依据。

  15. Influences upon pediatricians’ willingness to refer patients to clinical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanne Dalen

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Jeanne Dalen1, Robert D Annett2, Janet L Brody1, Mandy L Perryman31Center for Family and Adolescent Research, Oregon Research Institute, Portland, OR, USA; 2University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA; 3School of Education and Human Development, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, UA, USAPurpose: The purpose of this brief report is to determine factors that influence the willingness of pediatricians to refer their patients to clinical research and to explore the relationship between pediatrician characteristics and self-reported number of patients referred to clinical research.Method: Forty-three pediatricians from an academic pediatrics department of a university children’s hospital in Albuquerque, New Mexico rated how influential 10 reasons would be in their decision to refer a patient to pediatric clinical research.Results: Differences among the influences for pediatrician referral to research were observed. The most influential consideration for referral was the scientific merit of the study, followed by patient benefit. Contextual factors and physician compensation were identified as the least important reasons pediatricians refer patients to research. Analyses also revealed significant relationships between referrals made and percentage of time spent in research activities.Conclusions: Pediatricians may be more likely to refer their patients to clinical research studies when they believe the purpose of the study is meaningful to patients as well as to future patient populations. In addition, characteristics of the individual pediatricians may play an important role in actual referral behavior.Keywords: recruitment, clinical research, adolescent research, pediatrician attitudes

  16. The Teacher as One of the Factors Influencing Students' Perception of Biology as a School Subject

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubiatko, Milan; Torkar, Gregor; Rovnanova, Lenka

    2017-01-01

    The main aim of our research was to determine whether the teacher is one of the factors influencing students' perception of biology as a school subject. The study also aimed to identify the influence of certain other factors in this regard, specifically: students' gender and place of residence, the number of biology teachers who have taught the…

  17. ADOLESCENT INFLUENCE ON FAMILY PURCHASING DECISIONS: RESEARCH IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cansu Tor Kadioglu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The economic, social, and cultural changes in the modern world have made adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 important influences on family purchasing decisions. No longer solely users of products and services, adolescents now influence purchasing decisions and have attracted the attention of marketers and researchers. The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in the influence of adolescents aged between 12 and 18 on family purchasing decisions depending on socio-economic and demographic factors. This study aims to determine whether changes occur regarding different product groups by establishing at which stage of the decision process adolescent influence predominates. To achieve this goal, a survey method was used as a data collection tool. Using the convenience sampling method, adolescents within the age range of 12 and 18 were interviewed in Mersin, Turkey. The research results indicate that the influence of adolescents on family purchasing decisions occurs at different stages and depends on the type of product to be purchased. The analysis further shows that adolescents’ age, gender, and number of siblings, and the family's total income, the father's level of education, and the mother's employment status also affect adolescent influence on family purchasing decisions.

  18. 武汉市城区老年健康服务需求的影响因素调查%The Influence Factors' Research of Urban Elderly Health Services Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈阳; 金新政

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨城市社区老年人的健康服务需求影响因素。方法采用问卷调查的方法对武汉市老年人进行问卷调查,并用统计分析方法分析调查数据。结果通过对数据进行统计学分析,影响城区老年人选择社区健康服务中心的因素主要有就诊单位的信誉、就诊单位的医疗设备配置以及自觉健康状况、慢性病的患病情况等因素。结论社区健康服务中心应该根据老年人的健康服务需求进一步加强健康服务建设,使服务更加系统化、规范化。%Objectives To explore the influential factors of urban community health services demand. Methods This research adopted the method of questionnaire analysis and literature analysis method, and statistical analysis methods to analyze research data. Results By using statistical analysis, we found that the reputation of the department, clinic medical equipment configuration, self-conscious health condition, and the prevalence of chronic diseases’P value is less than 0.05. These factors in influencing the choice of the elderly in community health service center are significant. Conclusion Community health service centers should strengthen the construction of health service and make services more systematically and standardized according to the elderly health service needs.

  19. An empirical investigation on factors influencing export of herbal supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazanin Hajmirzahosseini Yazdi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there have been growing interests in business development of herbal supplements in many developing countries especially in Iran. Herbal supplements are used to cure many deceases such as medicating anxiety, acne, weight loss, depression, etc. In this paper, we present an empirical investigation to detect important factors influencing exporting herbal supplements. The proposed study designs a questionnaire consists of 31 questions, distributes it among 210 experts who are professional in the area of production and distribution of herbal supplements and using factor analysis, the study detects eight factors including supportive laws and regulations, organizational atmosphere, marketing structure, knowledge oriented, feasibility study, research and development, competitive strategy and partnership strategies.

  20. The Influencing Factors of Enterprise Sustainable Innovation: An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-Hua Chen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable innovation is the inexhaustible source of development of enterprises. Within fierce market competition, only by depending on continuous innovation can an enterprise exist and develop. By conducting an exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis, this paper proposes a theoretical model, dividing enterprise sustainable innovation ability into three aspects: knowledge innovation capability, production innovation capability, and market innovation capability, and analyzes the influencing factors respectively. Finally, applying this theoretical model to a practical case, with system dynamics method, the simulation results show that they are consistent with real enterprise facts. Therefore, the framework of determinants of sustainable innovation built in this paper has already been verified theoretically and practically. It not only lays a theoretical foundation for further research, but also provides a clear ground for firms to improve their sustainable innovation.

  1. 制造企业服务化转型影响因素扎根研究%Research on the Influence Factors of Manufacturers Service Transformation Based on the Grounded Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨水利; 梁永康

    2016-01-01

    Based on 16 typical cases ,this study analyzed the influence factors of manufacturers service transformation and the mechanism by grounded theory approach .The results found 15 main factors which belongs to the seven major catego-ries :the role of industrial chain ,strategic planning ,leadership ability ,service resource integration capabilities ,technolo-gy innovation capabilities ,technical service capabilities ,business model innovation .At the same time ,the study construc-ted the theoretical model from the "decision abilities mode" and interpreted the mechanism of action .This research will help manufacturers understand the restricting factors of service transformation more clearly and provide theoretical support for servitization .%以16个服务化转型的制造企业案例为样本,运用扎根理论研究方法,深入挖掘制造企业服务化转型影响因素.研究发现了15项主要影响因素,类属于7大主范畴,包括产业链角色、战略规划、领导者能力、资源整合能力、技术创新能力、技术服务能力、商业模式创新.从"决策—能力—模式"3个层面构建作用机理模型,阐释了各因素对企业服务化转型的作用过程.研究结论有助于制造企业厘清服务化转型的影响因素,为企业转型提供理论支持.

  2. The Research on the Influencing Factors of Residents’ Total Financial Exclusion in Chinese Poverty Areas%贫困地区居民完全金融排斥影响因素的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷汉云

    2015-01-01

    Based on the survey data of more than 1,600 households in poverty areas about the financial services,the paper analyzes the factors about total financial exclusion using Logistic Regression Model. The research results show that:(1) Residents’ occupation,in-come and educational attainment have significant impact on total financial exclusion,and other important factors include region,age, property rights and family size. (2) The influence of gender,marriage,health,ethnicity and social class have influence to total financial exclusion,but their influence aren’t significant. (3)In order to solve financial exclusion problem in our poverty areas,relevant authori-ties should take measures to improve residents’ income,financial services structure,the level of educational development in poor areas, and increase the accumulation of properties of household property.%笔者基于我国贫困地区10个县1682个样本使用金融服务的调查数据,运用Logistic回归方法对完全金融排斥的影响因素进行分析。研究结果表明,居民就业、收入和受教育程度对完全金融排斥有重要的影响,其他的影响因素还有区域、年龄、房产权和家庭规模。研究结果还表明性别、婚姻、健康、民族、社会阶层对完全金融排斥的影响不明显。本文认为贫困地区居民金融排斥问题的解决需要有关方面采取措施提高居民的收入、改善金融服务的结构、提高贫困地区教育发展水平,增加贫困地区居民家庭财产的累积。

  3. The research of students' psychological elastic condition and its influencing factors in Baotou medical college%包头医学院学生心理弹性状况及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚生

    2015-01-01

    The university is the first step to society for students. It is easy to meet psychological problems in different degrees for college students when they face changes from physiology, psychology and environment, which can affect their healthy growth. The pressure of learning, in-terpersonal relationship, love and employment can easily lead to their psychological confusion. Especially for those with weaker psychological endur-ance, they will suffer from psychological dysfunction much easier than others, which has a bad influence on their healthy growth if without timely guidance. The research of college students' psychological elastic condition and influencing factors can help the students form the psychological elas-ticity, and make them smoothly cope with difficulties and setbacks. The study of students' psychological elastic condition and influencing factors in Baotou medical college effectively contributes to the healthy development of college students.%大学是学生走向社会的第一步,当大学生面对来自生理、心理、环境的变化时,很容易出现不同程度的心理问题,从而影响其健康成长;学习、人际关系、恋爱和就业等方面的压力容易造成他们心理上的困惑,尤其是心理承受能力较弱的学生更容易出现心理障碍,若不及时疏导将会对其健康成长产生不良影响。通过对大学生心理弹性状况及影响因素的研究可以提早使学生形成心理弹性,帮助大学生更好地应对困境和挫折。通过研究包头医学院学生心理弹性现状及影响因素可以有效地促进大学生的健康发展。

  4. E-COMMERCE FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMERS‘ ONLINE SHOPPING DECISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živilė Baubonienė

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look at the factors driving online shopping and to develop an understanding of the factors influencing the online shopping by the consumers. This is done by exploring the factors that encourage consumers to shop online through analysis of such advantages as security, fast delivery, comparable price, convenience, cheaper prices and a wider choice. At the same time, the research project reveals the factors that are discouraging for consumers and the benefits received by buyers making purchases online. Specifically, the research explores how online shopping can be affected by such factors as age, gender or occupation. Design/methodology/approach – The factors that affect the consumer online shopping have been disclosed through quantitative research by analysing data collected via a web‐based questionnaire survey. The sample consisted of 183 Lithuanian consumers who were purchasing online. Findings –The empirical findings of this study indicate that the main factors influencing consumers to shop online are convenience, simplicity and better price. Analysis of socio-demographical characteristics such as gender has shown that men shop more often online because of the lower price. Respondents of the 25–35 year age group more often choose shopping online for such reasons as lack of time and a wide range of products. The most beneficial factor of shopping online was identified as a possibility to compare prices and buy at a lower price. Research limitations/implications – This study was done regarding only general conditions and the findings may not necessarily be applicable to a particular e-business. Therefore, in the future it would be highly encouraged to examine consumers’ attitudes towards specialized online shopping websites to look for differences by kind of products or services.Practical implications – Attributes identified by this study could help e-business developers to forme their

  5. Selecting measures for human factors research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantowitz, B H

    1992-08-01

    Selecting measures is a necessary component of human factors research. Proper selection must take into account the representation problem (how is the assignment of numbers to objects or phenomena justified?) and the uniqueness problem (to what degree is this assignment unique?). Other key human factors measurement issues include subject representativeness, variable representativeness, and setting representativeness. It is difficult to create a single measure that captures essential characteristics of complex systems. Several examples illustrate how theory can guide measurement selection in such diverse human factors research as vigilance, turning off warning alarms, information requirements for military command centers, subjective workload, heart-rate signal analysis, and heat stress in nuclear power plants.

  6. Hydrolysis kinetics of atrazine and influence factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The hydrolysis kinetics of atrazine in distilled water and leaching water from soil, and their influence factors were studied by incubation at 35℃ and HPLC analysis method in this paper. The kinetic process of atrazine hydrolysis can be described by the first-order reaction law. The results showed that the hydrolysis rate constants k in leaching water and distilled water were 1.606x10-3/d and 1.055x10-3/d, respectively; the half-life of atrazine hydrolysis in distilled water at pH 3, pH 4.5 and pH 8 were 373 days, 522 days and 657 days respectively. The results also showed that the proton in reaction solution can catalyze the atrazine hydrolysis; humic acid and NH4+ etc. substances in aqueous solution can facilitate atrazine hydrolysis; rate constants of atrazine hydrolysis with humic acid and NH4NO3 were 2.431x10-3/d and 1.498x10-3/d respectively which were 2.3 and 1.42 times of control(1.055x10-3/d); anion NO3- can inhibit catalysis of humic acid to atrazine hydrolysis.

  7. Factors influencing competitive anxiety in Brazilian athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Gimenes Fernandes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The study of factors influencing competitive anxiety, according to a multidimensional perspective and supported by valid instruments, is scarce among Brazilian athletes of different sports. The present study aims to: i investigate the theoretical relationship between the different dimensions of the multidimensional theory of anxiety (i.e., cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence; and ii investigate the effects of gender, type of sport (individual or collective and competitive experience levels on cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. A total of 303 athletes (233 males and 70 females, from different sports, aged between 18 and 40 years (M =24.22, SD = 5.07 completed a shortened version of CSAI-2 (i.e., CSAI-2R, about one hour before the start of competitions. Results revealed significant correlations between cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence dimensions, in accordance with the assumptions of the multidimensional theory. Additionally, comparative analyses indicated that female athletes and athletes from collective sports showed higher levels of cognitive anxiety, while male athletes and athletes with high competitive experience reported higher levels of self-confidence. These results were discussed taking into account the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for planning interventions of sport psychology in Brazil with athletes of different contexts.

  8. Factors That Influence Primary Cilium Length

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyoshi,Ko

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Almost all mammalian cells carry one primary cilium that functions as a biosensor for chemical and mechanical stimuli. Genetic damages that compromise cilia formation or function cause a spectrum of disorders referred to as ciliapathies. Recent studies have demonstrated that some pharmacological agents and extracellular environmental changes can alter primary cilium length. Renal injury is a well-known example of an environmental insult that triggers cilia length modification. Lithium treatment causes primary cilia to extend in several cell types including neuronal cells;this phenomenon is likely independent of glycogen synthase kinase-3β inhibition. In renal epithelial cell lines, deflection of the primary cilia by fluid shear shortens them by reducing the intracellular cyclic AMP level, leading to a subsequent decrease in mechanosensitivity to fluid shear. Primary cilium length is also influenced by the dynamics of actin filaments and microtubules through the levels of soluble tubulin in the cytosol available for primary cilia extension. Thus, mammalian cells can adapt to the extracellular environment by modulating the primary cilium length, and this feedback system utilizing primary cilia might exist throughout the mammalian body. Further investigation is required concerning the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the control of primary cilium length in response to environmental factors.

  9. Research progress on assessment tools of quality of life of hemodialysis patients and its influencing factors%血液透析病人生活质量测评工具及影响因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 蔡益民

    2012-01-01

    介绍了血液透析病人生活质量现状、测评工具及人口学因素、躯体疾病相关因素、心理因素、生理因素、治疗因素、社会因素、个体自身因素、医务人员因素对血液透析病人生活质量的影响.%It introduced the status quo of quality of life of hemodialysis patients,assessment tools and influence of demographic factors, somatic disease related factors, psychological factors, physiological factors, treatment factors,social factors and individual factors and medical personnel factors on the quality of life of hemodialysis patients.

  10. A holistic model of advocacy: factors that influence its use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubsch, Sylvia M; Sternard, Marsha J; Hovarter, Rebecca; Matzke, Vicki

    2004-02-01

    Although advocacy is embraced by nursing as an essential component of holistic philosophy, its scope is often limited in practice. In this article, a research study that examined the use of an expanded definition of advocacy is described. A link to the role of advocacy as a complementary therapy and in relation to facilitating the use of complementary therapies by patients is provided. Fifty-two registered nurses completed a researcher developed advocacy research instrument that assessed the use of moral-ethical, legal, political, spiritual, and substitutive advocacy along with various factors thought to influence the use of advocacy including moral development, perceived assertiveness, and perceived job security. An additional 40 RN-BSN students generated case studies of advocacy enacted in practice that were used as examples of the five categories of advocacy and to support the findings of the survey. Results indicated that moral-ethical advocacy was used more often than the other four categories. Moral stage development had a significant effect on substitutive advocacy but assertiveness and job security were not significant factors influencing any category of advocacy.

  11. Factors Influencing the Use of CSs in Oral Tasks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛丽

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays,along with the rapid development of globalization and communication among all countries in the world,almost all trades and professions demand people who are able to use a foreign language effectively as an essential tool for meaningful communication,which raises practical requirement for foreign language education and research around the world.CS has gained increasing attentions in the field of applied linguistics particularly since the late 70s.It is necessary to analyze the factors influencing the use of CSs in oral tasks in order to enhance the learners’communicative competence.

  12. Investigation on nurses’ research capability, influencing factors and training needs%护理人员科研能力影响因素及培训需求的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷友惠; 杨红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate nurses ’ research capability , influencing factors and training needs in a three-grade cancer hospital in Beijing .Methods Totals of 150 nurses from 15 different departments was randomly selected with a stratified random sampling method and investigated with a revised nursing staff scientific research ability self-assessment scale .Results All the respondents highly perceived the importance of nursing research .They can perceived the idea that nursing research was important to professional development , clinical improvement, personal development , etc, and among which professional development got the highest score of (2.48 ±0.66).But the research capability was generally low , only 12.7%respondents reported high level of the self-assessment of research capability .The total score of research capability was (52.87 ±23.41), which was lower than the norm (61.02 ±18.67), and the different was significant (t=-4.265, P<0.01). There were several factors influencing the nursing research , among which “too busy, without the time and energy to do research” was reported as the top factor .Besides that , the training needs for research were clear .The top five needs of research training were choices of research topics , study design , data collection , thesis writing and statistical analysis .Conclusions We may help the nurses by policy guidance , arranging trainings and taking specific methods so that the quality nursing research capability will be promoted .%目的:了解医院护理人员科研能力现状、影响因素及其培训需求。方法采用分层随机抽样的方法,随机抽取北京市某三级甲等肿瘤专科医院临床护理人员150名,采用修订后的护理人员科研能力自评量表调查护理人员对护理科研重要性的认识、科研能力、影响因素及培训需求。结果本组临床护士对护理科研重要性认识度较高,认为护理科研对护理专业发展、提

  13. Screening effect of autism among preschool children with screening and research on influencing factors%孤独症筛查量表对学龄前儿童筛查效果与影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄涨波; 钱浓浓; 黄素

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study screening effect of autism among preschool children with screening and research on influencing factors .Methods 350 cases of normal children(control group) and 37 cases of children with autism(observation group) were se-lected randomly by using multi-stage stratified sampling method ,all the children were given the early autism screening scale (EASI) and autistic infants screening scale revised (M-CHAT ) to screening and the influencing factors of questionnaire investigation ,two screening scale screening effect and analysis the influence factors of autism were compared and analysed .Results specific degree , positive predictive value ,negative predictive value and the coincidence rate of the M-CHAT scale are as high as 73 .65% ,95 .08% , 44 .85% ,94 .07% ,significantly higher than that of EASI scale(81 .23% ,74 .92% ,17 .25% ,74 .92% )(P<0 .05);Parallel test sen-sitivity is significantly higher than the M-CHAT scale and series of experiments of specific and positive predictive value was signifi-cantly higher than that of the M-CHAT scale(all P<0 .05);Two groups of children have no significant difference frequency screen-ing items in 3 cases(13 .04% ) ,and has significant difference frequency screening items accounted for 86 .96% (20/23) ,the compari-son is significant difference(P<0 .05);Single factor analysis showed that the influence factors of preschool children with autism have a children′s gender ,parents′educational level and personality characteristics ,the relationship between parents ,the mother dur-ing pregnancy to see if there is serious during pregnancy ,premature rupture of membranes and anemia ,pregnancy emotional state , parents to children′s education way and education attitude ,etc .;Multi-factor analysis showed :gender ,parents′education ,parents education way and attitude is important influence factor .Conclusion distinguish ,authenticity and reliability of M-CHAT scale are high ,to a certain extent ,joint test can

  14. Urban water consumption and its influencing factors in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fan, Liangxin; Gai, Lingtong; Tong, Yan; Li, Ruihua

    2017-01-01

    Factors that affect water consumption should be identified to develop effective public policies. However, factors influencing domestic water consumption in cities in China, particularly on a national scale, are unclear. In this study, urban water consumption and its influencing factors in 286

  15. What Factors Influence a Teacher's Commitment to Student Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannetta, Vincent

    2002-01-01

    Study of the personal, organizational, student-related factors influencing teacher commitment to student learning. Finds, for example, that among personal factors intrinsic rewards are more important than extrinsic rewards, that among organization factors collegiality is an important influence on commitment to student learning, and that among…

  16. Factors influencing the biochemical markers for predicting mammalian oocyte quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ola, Safiriyu Idowu; Sun, Qing-Yuan

    2012-01-01

    The need for accurate selection of the best oocytes for in vitro fertilization protocols and thus, production of embryos has driven the search for oocyte quality markers from morphological criteria to biochemical parameters. Current studies are focused on the biochemical constituents of the follicular fluid and gene expression profiling of the cumulus cells. These parameters are, however, affected by factors that must be considered before making a judgment of the oocyte's quality. These includes factors such as the type of hormonal stimulation protocol, age of oocyte donor and heat stress on the donor, all of which have been reported to influence the concentrations of many hormones, apolipoproteins, metabolites, fatty acids and growth factors in the follicular fluid and the expression of several genes in the cumulus cells. Another important point to note is species variation in the response to these extraneous influences, which thus calls for species targeted investigations. As reports are still scanty and investigations assumed to be very keen, we employed this review paper to bring attention of researchers and clinicians to those factors that may come to bear on the outcome of their investigations on oocyte and embryo quality.

  17. A Comparison of Factors that Influence the Lyophilization Process

    OpenAIRE

    Dumitru Mnerie; Gabriela-victoria Anghel; Alin Vasile Mnerie; Constantin Cheveresan

    2007-01-01

    The lyophilization (or freeze drying) process for agro-foods products depends on a series of technological factors that are in an inter-dependence with the process performance. This paper presents an expert method and its application. This method characterizes the influence factors of the lyophilization process, after the importance level of some factors in correlation with other factors, is defined. Only the most important factors were considered; influence considerations were made in relati...

  18. Survey Research on Prevalence and Influence Factors of Gingivitis in Chil-dren%儿童牙龈炎患病情况及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松岩

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查儿童牙龈炎的患病情况,分析儿童牙龈炎患病的影响因素。方法选取长春市朝阳区的三所初中学校作为调查研究区域。每所学校选取初一中一个班级的儿童作为研究对象。调查这些儿童的牙周情况,统计其发生牙龈炎的情况。在饮食习惯、儿童及父母的口腔保健意识和行为、家庭情况三个方面做调查问卷,并分析儿童牙龈炎患病的影响因素。结果90.3%的儿童均有不同程度的牙龈炎,未见重度牙龈炎患儿。其中轻度牙龈炎患儿占71.9%,中度牙龈炎患儿占18.4%。儿童牙龈炎患病的影响因素主要包括饮食结构和父母对口腔健康的认识不够两个方面。结论今后应全面普及健康教育的知识,提高家长进行口腔健康保护的意识。注意儿童的饮食习惯,达到保护儿童口腔健康的目的。%Objective To survey the prevalence of gingivitis in children and analyze the prevalence influence factors of gin-givitis in children. Methods 3 junior high schools in Chaoyang district in Changchun were selected as the survey and re-search areas, a class in junior one in each school was selected as the research objects, and the periodontal status of these children was surveyed, and the occurrence of gingivitis was counted, and the dieting habits, dental healthcare awareness and behavior of children and their parents and family condition were surveyed, and the prevalence influence factors of gingivitis in children was analyzed. Results 90.3%had different degrees of gingivitis, and there were no severe gingivitis children and 71.9% was mild gingivitis children and 18.4% was moderate gingivitis children, and the main influence factors of gingivitis in children included dieting structure and insufficient awareness of dental health of parents. Conclusion In the future, we should comprehensively popularize the knowledge of health education, improve the parent's awareness of dental

  19. Factors Influencing Food Choice in the Elderly Mauritian Population ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors Influencing Food Choice in the Elderly Mauritian Population. ... in influencing food choices and thus food intake of the elderly people in Mauritius. A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out in different regions around the island ...

  20. 网络意见领袖对危机信息传播效果的影响因素研究%Research on the Factors Influencing the Power of Opinion Leaders Online in Crisis Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季丹; 郭政

    2015-01-01

    意见领袖在危机事件网络传播过程中的地位备受关注,其在网络舆论形成期、扩散期、转折期和消弭期都发挥了重要作用。通过实证研究对信息传播能力、网络位置及与受众的关系程度等影响意见领袖在危机信息传播中发挥作用的关键因素与危机信息传播效果之间的关系进行分析,试图厘清网络危机传播中意见领袖发挥作用的机制,为建立意见领袖的管理体系,完善网络危机传播的有效应对机制,加强对危机传播中意见领袖的信息控制与引导提供理论借鉴。%The opinion leaders online play an important role in the crisis communication. This study explores the impact of the opinion leaders' information communication ability, their position on web, and their connection strength with the public and the influence of these factors on the crisis communication effect through an empirical study based on the theory of social network. The results show that the three aspects have positive influences on the crisis communication effect. According to the research result, we offer some practical advices from the angle of using the power of opinion leaders online to the full in effective crisis management.

  1. 建筑行业人员职业倦怠影响因素的调查研究%Survey and Research on the Factors Influencing the Job Burnout of Workers for the Construction Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴穷; 潘烨妍

    2015-01-01

    本文随机选取建筑行业人员159人,使用职业倦怠量表进行问卷调查,以探讨建筑行业人员职业倦怠的特点及其影响因素。研究结果表明:(1)建筑行业人员职业倦怠水平不高,工作状态良好;(2)建筑行业人员职业倦怠性别差异显著,女性职业倦怠水平高于男性,女性职业成就感低于男性;(3)工作年限对建筑行业人员职业倦怠有显著影响,建筑行业人员工作时间越长,工作职务越低职业倦怠越明显。%We randomly selected 159 workers for the construction industry and used job burnout scale to conduct a questionnaire survey on them, in order to explore the characteristics and influ-encing factors of the job burnout of workers for the construction industry. The research result shows that: (1) the level of job burnout of workers for the construction industry is low and their working conditions are positive; (2) the gender difference is sig-nificant in the job burnout of workers for the construction indus-try, with women's job burnout higher than that of men, and wom-en's sense of job achievement lower than that of men;(3) working life significantly influences the job burnout of workers for the construction industry, and more specifically, the longer the work-ing life is and the lower the working position is, the more signifi-cant job burnout is.

  2. Research on Factors Influencing Users’ Acceptance of Business Circle O2O%商圈O2O用户的接受度影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 高淑兰

    2015-01-01

    基于整合型科技接受(UTAUT)模型,结合商圈 O2O模式的特点,构建了以个人创新性、移动便利性、娱乐感知、风险感知为影响因子的商圈 O2O 用户接受度影响因素模型,并根据模型提出了相应的假设,并通过结构方程建模验证假设。结果显示:个人创新性、移动便利性、娱乐感知显著影响用户接受该模式的意愿,风险感知对用户的使用意愿没有显著性影响,证明 UTAUT模型用于研究商圈 O2O模式是可行的。%Based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology model, and in light of the characteristics of the business circle O2O mode, this study constructs an O2O user acceptance degree model with individual innovation, mobile convenience, perceived entertainment, and perceived risk as factors of influence, proposes the corresponding assumptions based on the model, and then verifies those assumptions by using the structural equation modeling. The result shows that individual innovation, mobile convenience, and perceived entertainment have significant influence on the willingness of users to accept the model and perceived risks have no significant effect. It is proved that the UTAUT model is feasible for the research on the O2O model.

  3. Investigating Factors Influencing Customer Online Buying Satisfaction In Gauteng, South Africa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sharon Rudansky-Kloppers

    2014-01-01

    .... With this information, they can convert potential customers into real customers and retain them. This research investigates the factors which influence customer online buying satisfaction in the Gauteng province of South Africa...

  4. Factors of Influence on Receivables and Payables and Their Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmin Oleg Ye.; Volovich Yelena B.

    2013-01-01

    The approaches to classification factors of receivables and payables are analyzed in the article. In order to develop effective methods of receivables and payables management, its factors of influence are proposed to divide into three groups - macro factors, the factors of enterprises immediate environment and micro factors.

  5. Evaluating Iowa Community College Student Demographics, Characteristics, Enrollment Factors, and Educational Goals Influence on Retention Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchley-McAvoy, Joan A.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the influence that previously researched and affirmed persistence and early withdrawal factors such as student demographics, enrollment status factors, student characteristics, and student educational goals had on Iowa community college retention rates for the 2005, 2007, and 2009 academic years. It is the researcher's…

  6. Research on Influencing Factors for Compaction Performance of Asphalt Concrete Pavement%沥青混凝土路面压实性能影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩树峰

    2013-01-01

    The compaction quality of an asphalt concrete pavement has a pivotal role on the long-term performance of the pavement. Focusing on the main influencing factors such as the material composition of asphalt mixture, pavement structure, natural environment conditions, compaction machinery and so on, the impact mode and impact extent on the compaction performance of asphalt pavement are explored and discussed here in detail. The research results could provide some references for the design of asphalt pavement materials, structure and construction.%沥青混凝土路面的压实质量对路面的长期性能具有举足轻重的作用.重点从沥青混合料的组成材料因素、路面结构、自然环境条件、压实机械设备等方面探讨其对沥青路面压实性能的影响方式和影响程度.研究成果可为沥青路面材料和结构设计及施工等方面提供一定的参考价值.

  7. 大学生手机依赖行为的影响因素及其心理机制的研究%The influence factors of college students' mobile phone dependent behavior and its psychological mechanism research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋悦

    2014-01-01

    Clearly define mobile phone dependents, comprehensive domestic and foreign research found that on the phone's dependence on the personality and social contact has its remarkable characteristics. Its influence factors are various, such as mobile phone's powerful, college students' strong demand for information conformity and self-control ability is poor. Embodied in the mobile phone depends on psychology mechanism has a herd mentality, psychological demands, different personality traits and bad mood to vent.%明确手机依赖的界定,综合国内外研究发现手机依赖在人格和社会接触上有着其显著的特点。其影响因素也是多方面的,如手机的功能强大、大学生对信息的需求强大从众心理和自控能力差。手机依赖所体现的心理学机制有从众心理、心理诉求、人格特质的不同和不良情绪的发泄。

  8. Research on the Influence Factors of Student Purchase Intention to IT Fake Commodities%大学生对IT假冒品购买意愿的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蓓蕾; 钱黎春

    2012-01-01

    The research on the student purchase intention to IT fake commodities as mediator variables is focused on the facts that they like to purchase those fake commodities they know from the point of individual characteristics.It is shown that the influence comes from such factors as their economic level,the commodity features,their gender,the commodities they like,and the purchase intention.And those production enterprises of certified commodities are supposed to take measures of effective marketing strategies for the decrease of purchase on those fake commodities.%对于大学生对IT假冒品知假买假现象,以购买动机为中介变量,研究大学生个体特征对IT假冒品购买意愿产生的影响。研究结果表明,大学生的经济水平、产品先前知识、性别、产品介入程度及购买动机等都会对购买IT假冒品的意愿产生影响。正品生产企业应据此采取有效营销策略以减少消费者对假冒品的购买。

  9. Research data management and libraries: relationships, activities, drivers and influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinfield, Stephen; Cox, Andrew M; Smith, Jen

    2014-01-01

    The management of research data is now a major challenge for research organisations. Vast quantities of born-digital data are being produced in a wide variety of forms at a rapid rate in universities. This paper analyses the contribution of academic libraries to research data management (RDM) in the wider institutional context. In particular it: examines the roles and relationships involved in RDM, identifies the main components of an RDM programme, evaluates the major drivers for RDM activities, and analyses the key factors influencing the shape of RDM developments. The study is written from the perspective of library professionals, analysing data from 26 semi-structured interviews of library staff from different UK institutions. This is an early qualitative contribution to the topic complementing existing quantitative and case study approaches. Results show that although libraries are playing a significant role in RDM, there is uncertainty and variation in the relationship with other stakeholders such as IT services and research support offices. Current emphases in RDM programmes are on developments of policies and guidelines, with some early work on technology infrastructures and support services. Drivers for developments include storage, security, quality, compliance, preservation, and sharing with libraries associated most closely with the last three. The paper also highlights a 'jurisdictional' driver in which libraries are claiming a role in this space. A wide range of factors, including governance, resourcing and skills, are identified as influencing ongoing developments. From the analysis, a model is constructed designed to capture the main aspects of an institutional RDM programme. This model helps to clarify the different issues involved in RDM, identifying layers of activity, multiple stakeholders and drivers, and a large number of factors influencing the implementation of any initiative. Institutions may usefully benchmark their activities against the

  10. Data sharing as social dilemma: Influence of the researcher's personality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linek, Stephanie B; Fecher, Benedikt; Friesike, Sascha; Hebing, Marcel

    2017-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that data sharing has great potential for scientific progress. However, so far making data available has little impact on a researcher's reputation. Thus, data sharing can be conceptualized as a social dilemma. In the presented study we investigated the influence of the researcher's personality within the social dilemma of data sharing. The theoretical background was the appropriateness framework. We conducted a survey among 1564 researchers about data sharing, which also included standardized questions on selected personality factors, namely the so-called Big Five, Machiavellianism and social desirability. Using regression analysis, we investigated how these personality domains relate to four groups of dependent variables: attitudes towards data sharing, the importance of factors that might foster or hinder data sharing, the willingness to share data, and actual data sharing. Our analyses showed the predictive value of personality for all four groups of dependent variables. However, there was not a global consistent pattern of influence, but rather different compositions of effects. Our results indicate that the implications of data sharing are dependent on age, gender, and personality. In order to foster data sharing, it seems advantageous to provide more personal incentives and to address the researchers' individual responsibility.

  11. Factors influencing physicians' knowledge sharing on web medical forums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tung Cheng; Lai, Ming Cheng; Yang, Shu Wen

    2016-09-01

    Web medical forums are relatively unique as knowledge-sharing platforms because physicians participate exclusively as knowledge contributors and not as knowledge recipients. Using the perspective of social exchange theory and considering both extrinsic and intrinsic motivations, this study aims to elicit the factors that significantly influence the willingness of physicians to share professional knowledge on web medical forums and develops a research model to explore the motivations that underlie physicians' knowledge-sharing attitudes. This model hypothesizes that constructs, including shared vision, reputation, altruism, and self-efficacy, positively influence these attitudes and, by extension, positively impact knowledge-sharing intention. A conventional sampling method and the direct recruitment of physicians at their outpatient clinic gathered valid data from a total of 164 physicians for analysis in the model. The empirical results support the validity of the proposed model and identified shared vision as the most significant factor of influence on knowledge-sharing attitudes, followed in descending order by knowledge-sharing self-efficacy, reputation, and altruism.

  12. Empirical Research on the Influencing Factors of Intergenerational Conflict between the Superior and Subordinate%上下级代际冲突影响因素的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱永跃; 杨花; 李炳龙; 杨巍

    2015-01-01

    针对组织层面的代际差异问题,借鉴相关研究文献,提出上下级代际冲突这一概念,将其分为任务冲突、关系冲突和程序冲突3个维度,并建立上下级代际冲突的影响因素概念模型。然后,运用 Lisrel8.7软件对问卷调查数据进行分析,验证了上下级代际冲突及其影响因素模型的结构合理性,并得出结论认为:角色地位和任务认知对上下级代际冲突及其3个维度均有显著的正向影响;工作期望对上下级代际冲突及其3个维度均有显著的负向影响;组织文化对上下级代际冲突及其关系冲突维度具有显著的正向影响。%For intergenerational disparities on organizational level,drawing on relevant research literature,this paper puts forward the concept of intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate,divides it into three dimensions of task conflict,relationship conflict and process conflict,and builds a conceptual model of influencing factors of intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate.Lisrel8.7 is adopted to analyze the survey data,to verify the model structure of intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate and its influencing factors,and to draw some conclusions that role status and task awareness have a significant positive impact on intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate and its three dimensions;that work expectations have a significant negative effect on intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate and its three dimensions;and that organizational culture has a significant positive impact on intergenerational conflict between the superior and subordinate and on relationship conflict.

  13. Selective factors in sun-weather research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, H. A., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Research on the correlations between solar wind/IMF disturbances and subsequent winter troposphere vorticity changes (denoted SV) are reviewed to investigate sun-weather relationships. Uncertainties in the research attempting to link short-term solar variations and associated changes in the lower atmosphere are discussed, and it is noted that such analyses have generally not addressed either the choice of parameters or the selective factors involved in the physical relationships existing between parameters. It is suggested that the identification of a viable mechanism scenario would require a detailed multiparameter selective factor analysis, extending to the investigation of the atmospheric data as well as the solar wind/IMF parameters.

  14. An Investigation of Work Culture and Social Factors influencing it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siroos Ahmadi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This research examines work culture and social factors influencing it among employees of Islamic Azad University, the largest private organization in Iran. First, it has been tried to determine a rate for work culture and then relationships between work culture and participatory management, organizational justice, job satisfaction, and demographic variables have been examined. Research method is cross-sectional survey; research population is all personnel of the Islamic Azad Universities in three provinces: Fars, Boushehr and Kohkiloye-Boyerahmad. Overall, 481 subjects were selected by means of simple random sampling. Measurement tool is questionnaire, which includes four scales. Construct validity was obtained through factor analysis; Reliability test was also performed by means of Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Research findings indicate that work culture is on average among subjects. Also, there are significant relationships between work culture and participatory management, organizational justice, job satisfaction, age and years of employment. Using regression analysis, it appears that of all independent variables, job satisfaction and years of employment are strongest predictors of work culture. Taken together, they explain 18% of the variance of work culture.

  15. Research in the Influence Factors of Financing Efficiency of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises f rom an Integrated Perspective%整合视角下中小企业融资效率影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉英; 余克艰; 娄淑珍

    2015-01-01

    以浙江为例,构建了内外整合视角下中小企业融资效率影响因素分析框架。抽样调查了306家中小企业,结果表明:外部融资环境中,银行和政府环境显著正向影响企业融资效率,担保环境正向影响融资可得性,信用环境显著正向影响融资成本;企业家社会网络中,广泛性能够增加融资可得性,关系强度能够降低融资成本,达高性对融资可得性和融资成本均有显著的负向影响,异质性对融资效率的作用不显著。根据上述结论,提出了相应的管理启示。%The small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) financing is a common problem ,and previous studies had done a lot of research on this ,but few research were carried out from an integrated perspective .This paper chooses a typical SME province———Zhejiang Province as an example ,and builds up an analysis framework of the influence factors of SMEs'financing efficiency from an integrated perspective .The present study sampled survey of 306 SMEs .The results show that :in the external environment ,bank and government environment have significantly positive influence on corporate fi‐nancing efficiency ;guarantee environment positively affects the availability of financing ,and the credit environment has significant positive effect on the cost of financing ;in the entrepreneurs'social network ,generalization increases the availa‐bility of financing ;relation intensity can reduce the cost of financing .The high performance has significant negative influ‐ence on the availability of financing and financing cost ,but heterogeneity has no significant effect on the financing efficien‐cy .Based on this ,this paper conducts in‐depth discussions and proposes corresponding management suggestions .

  16. Factors influencing consumers' selection of a primary care physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGlone, Teresa A; Butler, E Sonny; McGlone, Vernon L

    2002-01-01

    There is a growing body of literature regarding patient choice of health care plans, patient satisfaction, and patient evaluation of health care quality, but there is little information concerning the factors that influence the initial selection of a primary care physician (PCP). This exploratory study identifies and conceptualizes the physician selection dimensions which include: physician reputation/manner, physician record, physician search, consumer self-awareness, physician location, physician qualifications, physician demographics, office atmospherics, house calls/insurance, and valuing patient opinion. The study also develops and tests a scale for PCP selection using factor analysis which is demonstrated to be valid, and determines significant differences of variables, which include education level, gender, and age, using a summated scale. The study is of use to physicians in their targeting and communication strategies, and to researchers seeking to refine the scale.

  17. General Adjustment Influence Factor of Malaysian Construction Expatriates Executives Abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainol Halmi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The success of Malaysian construction companies creates an opportunity to explore abroad. Past studies have shown that the difficulty of expatriates in adjusting to a new environment is the main aspect that leads to failure of assignments. The success in implementing an overseas assignment does not solely depend on an expatriate’s technical expertise. The adjustment issues such as the interaction with the host nationals, and adaptability to the host country’s culture also exert influence on the assignment. The research was conducted to identify the influence of executive expatriate general adjustment on assignment in host countries. The objective of the study was to identify adjustment influence factors relating to general adjustment abroad. Questionnaires were sent to Malaysian expatriate executives. Sixty four Malaysian expatriate executives from Malaysian construction companies overseas were involved in this study. The findings show interaction, social and living environment influences their adjustment during expatriation. Pre-departure training preparation aspects for expatriates is a good step before their departure to host countries.

  18. Factors influencing behavior in the forced swim test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanova, Olena V; Kanekar, Shami; D'Anci, Kristen E; Renshaw, Perry F

    2013-06-13

    The forced swim test (FST) is a behavioral test in rodents which was developed in 1978 by Porsolt and colleagues as a model for predicting the clinical efficacy of antidepressant drugs. A modified version of the FST added the classification of active behaviors into swimming and climbing, in order to facilitate the differentiation between serotonergic and noradrenergic classes of antidepressant drugs. The FST is now widely used in basic research and the pharmaceutical screening of potential antidepressant treatments. It is also one of the most commonly used tests to assess depressive-like behavior in animal models. Despite the simplicity and sensitivity of the FST procedure, important differences even in baseline immobility rates have been reported between different groups, which complicate the comparison of results across studies. In spite of several methodological papers and reviews published on the FST, the need still exists for clarification of factors which can influence the procedure. While most recent reviews have focused on antidepressant effects observed with the FST, this one considers the methodological aspects of the procedure, aiming to summarize issues beyond antidepressant action in the FST. The previously published literature is analyzed for factors which are known to influence animal behavior in the FST. These include biological factors, such as strain, age, body weight, gender and individual differences between animals; influence of preconditioning before the FST: handling, social isolation or enriched environment, food manipulations, various kinds of stress, endocrine manipulations and surgery; schedule and routes of treatment, dosage and type of the drugs as well as experimental design and laboratory environmental effects. Consideration of these factors in planning experiments may result in more consistent FST results.

  19. Medical and social factors influencing reproduction in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šulović Vojin

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present results of researches whose aim was to determine the factors that may substantially influence population reproduction in the Republic of Serbia, taking into consideration all specific factors, like cultural background, economic situation, health education, health service organization, religious and historical factors, etc. The research was based on the population census from 1981. Seventeen regions of the inner part of the Republic of Serbia, Vojvodina and Kosovo were included in this research. Stratification was made according to the place of living (village, town age, occupation (farmer, housewife, non and half-qualified, qualified and highly qualified workers and education (without education, with unfinished or finished primary school, with secondary school, with college or university degree. In this way 2,141 women were questioned with 101 questions by the method of interview. Interviews were conducted exclusively by doctors - gynaecologists. We determined the frequency of the use of contraceptives, intentional abortions, spontaneous abortions, pre-term deliveries, marriage infertility and term deliveries. Thus, 57.4% of women had basic knowledge of contraception, but only 15.9% of them used it; 58.9% of women had intentional abortions; 16.2% of women had spontaneous abortions, 5.1% of them had pre-term deliveries, and 67% of women had term deliveries. Marriage infertility was found in 8.6% of women. When evaluating population health and behavior, we obtained some information and data concerning addicted diseases (alcohol, smoking, drugs, tranquilizers homosexuality and ways of sexual intercourse. It was concluded that enormous differences existed among certain regions in the Republic of Serbia, which were conditioned by the diversity of the above mentioned influences. Proposals for the measures to be undertaken in the Republic of Serbia in order to regulate population policy, are given.

  20. Factors Influencing the Adoption of Minimally Invasive Surgery

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of institutional, patient and surgeon-related factors ... Surgical site infections ... Factors influencing choice of open procedures over MIS are summarized in Table 1. The main .... written with pharmaceutical products in mind (25). ... JAMA Intern.

  1. External factors influencing the environmental performance of South African firms

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Peart, R

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the external factors that influence environmental performance of companies in South Africa, drawing on international and local literature. After considering factors within the natural, social, economic and institutional...

  2. Factors influencing knowledge and practice of exclusive ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The independent variables were maternal education, marital status, both ... maternal employment status, health factors (place of delivery and maternal chronic illness) ... It was evident that family support is a key factor in the success of EBF with ...

  3. 变压器油老化对介损的影响及其绝缘寿命试验的研究%Influence of Aging Transformer Oil to Dielectric Loss Factor and Research on Insulation Life Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王献敏; 马勇飞; 窦鹏

    2011-01-01

    The influence of aging transformer oil to dielectric loss factor is analyzed. The insulation life is tested.%对变压器油老化对介损的影响进行了分析,并对其绝缘寿命进行了试验.

  4. Factors influencing electric utility expansion. Volume II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masud, E. [ed.

    1977-01-01

    This report, Vol. 2, submitted by the General Electric Co., identifies factors that should be considered in planning interconnected systems and discusses how these factors relate to one another. The objective is to identify all the factors and classify them by their use and importance in arriving at a decision. Chapter 2 discusses the utility system and its system behavior characteristics, emphasizing behavior that affects the planning of the bulk-power generation and transmission system. Chapter 3 introduces interconnection planning by discussing the new system characteristics brought to operation and planning. Forty-two factors associated with cost, reliability, constraints, and coordination are related to each other by factor trees. Factor trees display the relationship of one factor such as reliability to more-detailed factors which in turn are further related to individual characteristics of facilities. These factor trees provide a structure to the presentation. A questionnaire including the 42 factors was completed by 52 system planners from utility companies and government authorities. The results of these questionnaires are tabulated and presented with pertinent discussion of each factor. Chapter 4 deals with generation planning, recognizing the existence of interconnections. Chapter 5 addresses transmission planning, questions related to reliability and cost measures and constraints, and factors related to both analytical techniques and planning procedures. The chapter ends with a discussion of combined generation-transmission planning. (MCW)

  5. Industrial sustainable development level in China and its influencing factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongjian Cao

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to set up a comprehensive index system to evaluate the sustainable development level of the industrial sector in China and to determine the key influencing factors that hinder the sector’s sustainable development. To achieve these research goals, we build a theoretical model with 26 indexes selected from resource, environment, economy, and society subsystems. An empirical analysis is conducted through Principal Component Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling. Results indicate that the sustainable development level of China’s industrial sector became positive in 2007 and peaked in 2012. The environment subsystem has the largest effect on the sustainable development level. The sustainable development level is also greatly influenced by solid wastes, production of non-renewable resources, energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP, and industrial research and development (R&D expenditure. The basic conclusion is that the sustainable development level of the industrial sector in China can be enhanced through improving the utilization efficiency of resources, increasing the contribution of technology progress to GDP, and developing renewable resources.

  6. Community Factors Influencing Birth Spacing among Married ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    outcomes. This study investigates community-level influences on birth spacing outcomes among women aged 15-49 in Uganda ...... childhood stunting in nigeria: A multilevel analysis. ... Equity monitoring for social marketing: Use of wealth.

  7. Dermal factors influencing measurement of skin autofluorescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordzij, Margaretha J.; Lefrandt, Johan; Graaff, Reindert; Smit, Andries J.

    Background: Skin autofluorescence (SAF) is a noninvasive marker of accumulation of advanced glycation end products. It predicts cardiovascular complications and mortality in diabetes and renal failure. We assessed the influence of potential common confounders in SAF measurement, by determining the

  8. 影响高等师范院校女生体育锻炼因素的研究%Research on the Influence Factors of Sport Exercise for Female Students in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙桂芳

    2001-01-01

    The factors that influence first year female students sport exercise in college include education, interest, emotion, behavior and social factor. These factors have directly influence on awaking the interest of sport exercise, intensifying the behavior of physical activity, promoting the effect of physical activity an d realizing the goal of physical activity.%影响大学一年级女生体育锻炼的因素包括教育、兴趣、情感、意识、行为及社会因素等,这些因素对女生体育锻炼兴趣的激发、健身行为的强化、健身效果的提高、身心健康目标的实现具有直接的影响。

  9. 间接视神经损伤患者视力预后的影响因素%Research of influence factors of visual prognosis for patients with indirect injury of optic nerve

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹娜; 胡卫群

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influence factors of visual prognosis for patients with indirect injury of optic nerve (ON) and provide the scientific basis of improvements of curative effects and visual prognosis.Methods 127 patients with indi‐rect injury of optic nerve treated from January 2011 to January 2014 were selected.According to the clinical data ,the multiple influence factors of visual prognosis were analyzed and the independent risk factors were observed.Results According to the e‐valuation standards of visual improvements ,the total effective rate of visual improvements was 37.9% ;based on the single fac‐tor analysis ,the eyesight ,fractures of ON ,swelling of ON and the stressful locations had a significant impact on the visual im‐provements (P0.05);based on the multiple‐factor analysis and Logistic regression analysis ,the eyesight and fracture of ON had the signifi‐cant impact on the visual prognosis(P<0.05).Conclusion The research indicates that the visual prognosis for patients with in‐direct injury of optic nerve has a close correlation with the injury scales of optic nerve and fracture of ON.%目的:分析间接视神经损伤患者视力预后的影响因素。方法入选2011‐01—2014‐01于我院就诊的间接视神经损伤患者127例,回顾性分析患者的临床资料,对影响视力预后的多项因素进行分析,探讨其独立危险因素。结果根据视力改善评价标准,本组患者视力改善总有效率为37.9%;经单因素分析显示,视力分级、视神经管骨折、视神经肿胀和受力部位对患者视力改善有显著影响(P<0.05);而性别、年龄、手术情况和视力改变时间均与视力预后无显著关系(P>0.05);选取单因素分析中有统计学意义的因素,经 Logistic回归分析显示,视力分级和视神经管骨折与视力预后有显著相关性( P<0.05)。结论间接性视神经损伤患者视力预后与视神经损伤分级

  10. 高校大学生创新能力影响因素的评价研究%Research on Evaluation of Influencing Factors of College Students' Innovation Capability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    A model on influencing factors of college students' in-novation capability was established, which included the target layer A, evaluation factors layer B and indicators of factors layer C. Based on this model, the expert questionnaire data was ana-lyzed by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The result showed that factors influenced college students' innovation capability fol-lowed by education system factors, personal factors, living envi-ronment factors and other factors. While the specific indicators influencing college students' innovation capability were teaching system, the school environment and the ability to think, whose Wi values followed by 0.2675, 0.1968 and 0.1252.%  建立了高校大学生创新能力影响因素结构模型,该模型包含三个层次:目标层 A、评价因素层 B 和指标因素层 C。基于该模型,利用层次分析法(AHP)对专家调查问卷进行数据整理分析。分析结果表明:影响大学生创新能力的评价层因素排序依次为教育制度因素、学生自身因素、生活环境因素和其他因素,影响大学生创新能力的指标层因素排序前三位的分别是教学体系、学校学习环境和思维能力,其Wi 值分别为0.2675、0.1968和0.1252。

  11. Macrolevel factors of influence on industry competitiveness of Ukrainian regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Tkach

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to identify processes and phenomena of macro level, which form current conditions of the industry competitiveness of Ukraine for working out practical recommendations of its innovation increasing. The results of the analysis. The influence of macro-environment on the industry competitiveness is shown. The main factors of industry competitiveness influence which issue on the national level (political, legal, economic, institutional, commercial, etc. are outlined. These factors are synergistically intertwined and form conditions of the industry competitiveness of regions. Considering the analysis of the results of international competitiveness rankings the author found out the following factors of lowering the competitive position of Ukraine: corruption, problematic access to business finance, inflation, political instability, tax burden, inefficient government bureaucracy and unstable exchange rate. On the basis of this, the trends of factors are explored over the past five years (2011-2015 and reasons of them are identified. The particular attention is paid to institutional factors as public-private partnership, state support of industrial development, features of the development of industrial parks in Ukraine and others. Moreover, the features of foreign policy of Ukraine and structure of exports of industrial goods are explored. The study demonstrated key macro threats in Ukraine. Practical recommendations of industry competitiveness increasing are given. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The development of Ukraine for the past five years (2011-2015 characterized by dynamic changes in all spheres of life. This affected the competitiveness of the country in general and its industry in particular. Macro-level influencing factors, which created unfavorable conditions for the formation of industrial competitiveness, are: macroeconomic instability and high levels of bureaucracy, corruption, lack of

  12. 产科护士离职影响因素分析及对策研究%Analysis of the influencing factors of obstetric nurses' demission and research about its countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚剑; 黄春华; 王慧群; 章兰萍

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influencing factors and countermeasure of obstetric nurses' dimis-sion. Methods A total of 148 demission obstetric nurses from three first-level hospitals, three second-class hospitals and three tertiary hospitals of Shenzhen from August 2011 to June 2014 were selected as the research object, at age 21~38 years old, average age (24. 15±5. 18); the nurses' nursing age was 1~17 years, average age (3. 67±2. 45). The obstetric nurses' inclusion criteria:had nurses professional qualification certificate;agreed to participate in the investiga-tion and study, and cleard the purpose of this investigation. Results The obstetric nurses' leaving reasons at different age had no statistical significance ( P>0. 05 ) . Their demission intention was closely related to employment form, de-grees, salaries, working period, titles, and hospital status (P>0. 05) . The research summarized the demission factors by analyzing 148 questionnaires which were prepared for obstetric nurses, the outcome indicated 54 nurses resigned be-cause of large working load and pressures, taking up 36. 5%. 75 nurses resigned because of contracting employment. This research ranked pressures sources of obstetric nurses, the first 10 of which were ascribed to large working load and trivia details. Nurses are bored of low social status, modest salary, and numerous writing contents during work. Nurses were worried about making mistakes, had less opportunities of further study, and were less engaged in nursing work, their performance was hard to be recognized by patients and family members, because numerous patients of the obstetric department held strict requirements. Conclusions This article mainly analyzed the influencing factors by the departure of obstetric nurses, preliminary discussed the controllable influencing factors and management countermeasures against demission of obstetric nurses, but the practical implementation and subsequent effect of intervention conutermeasures

  13. 基于回归分析的中国电影票房影响因素研究%Research of Chinese Movie box--office Influencing Factors Based on Regression Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔凝凝; 唐嘉庚

    2012-01-01

    本文通过对国外文献的阅读和整理,并结合中国现实情况,选取了影响电影票房的四个因素,即电影类型、电影评分、演员号召力和电影产地。以从2003年至2012年(截止至4月8日)十年间中国电影票房年度排行榜上排名前十名的影片票房为因变量,以电影类型、电影评分、演员号召力和电影产地为自变量,通过逐步回归分析构建了影响电影票房因素的多元回归模型,并对回归结果予以分析和解释,以期对国内相对较为缺乏的电影产业实证研究有所助益,并就未来研究方向提出设想。%This article has reviewed the foreign literature and combined with China's reality, selected four in- fluencing factors pf the movie box-office which are film types, movie scores, stars and the origin.Research use the top 10 film box-office of the annual Chinese movie box-office ranking-list during 2003 to 2012 (until April 8) as the dependent variable, and the independent variables are movie types, film scores, stars and the origin . Through the stepwise regression analysis, the multiple regression model of the movie box-office's influence fac- tors has been built, then explain and analysis the result of regression in order to be helpful to the domestic film industry empirica/research which are relatively lack, at the same time puts forward some ideas of future research direction.

  14. 脑卒中患者功能锻炼依从性及其影响因素的研究现状%The Research Status of Stroke Survivors' Functional Exercise Compliance and its' Influence Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林蓓蕾; 张振香; 孙玉梅

    2011-01-01

    脑卒中后遵从医护人员的建议进行规律锻炼是患者康复的关键,同归社区后患者机能恢复情况很大程度上取决于患者的依从性.然而,其功能锻炼依从性并不十分理想.国内外相关研究得出影响其依从性的因素来自多方面,包括患者的个人方面,如知识掌握情况、态度、自我效能、抑郁、躯体功能状态、疲惫感等;照顾者方面,如照顾者的知识、态度、夫妻关系等;社会方面,如家庭支持、病友支持、活动场所等;医院方面,如医患关系、医护人员的认知、沟通技巧等.该文对脑卒中患者功能锻炼及其依从性的研究现状进行了综述.%Taking exercise regularly after stroke is a key to rehabilitation for stroke survivors, especially after they go back to community. But, the exercise compliance of the stroke survivors is not very high, reviewing relevant researches, the influence factors of exercise compliance come from various aspects, including stroke survivor's aspect, such as knowledge, attitude, self- efficiency, depression, physical functional status, fatigue; caregivers knowledge, attitude, the relationship between the couples; social aspect ,such as supports from families or peers, exercise places; and also the relationship and communication between medical staffs and stroke survivors,. This paper reviewed the research status of stroke survivors' exercise compliance, so as to provide evidence for developing further relevant intervention research.

  15. 人工全膝关节置换后关节活动度影响因素的研究趋势%Research trend of factors influencing range of motion after artificial total knee replacement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王九辉

    2012-01-01

    after artificial total knee replacement.METHODS: A total of 244 research articles are found by searching related literature on joint activity after artificial total knee replacement in CNKI database by the author, with the key words of “Knee”, “Artificial joint”, “Artificial prosthesis” and “Range of motion” both in Chinese and English, from 2002 to 2011. A total of 211 related articles were included in the final analysis according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The influence factors were analyzed from the aspects of the joint activity before knee replacement, type of prosthesis and rehabilitation training after replacement.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The number of research literature related to joint activity after artificial total knee replacement was gradually increased in CNKI over the past decade among which 2010 is the most productive year (n=38, 18.0%). According to the key words, knee replacement was widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis disease, but the fund of related research literature was far from being enough. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research published the most related articles with the help of the column of hard tissue implants (n=41, 19.4%). The bibliometric analysis provides valuable reference for Chinese medical workers in the field of artificial total knee replacement. There are many factors influencing joint activity after artificial total knee replacement, as well as lots of controversies. Clinicians should continuously improve the treatment techniques and rehabilitation training methods to recover the function of joint knee in patients.

  16. FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMER RESISTANCE TO INNOVATION: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELATIVE ADVANTAGE, ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXISTING PRODUCT, SOCIAL INFLUENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY

    OpenAIRE

    Mazhar Abbas; Shahimi Bin Mohtar

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to study the factors influencing the consumer resistance to innovation. Smartphones used as an innovation in this study. This research was performed by using the self-administered questionnaires to seek the customer behavior and their mindset towards innovation. This research confirmed the gap between the Asian and Western perspective. This research showed the significant positive causal relationship between attitude towards existing product, relative advantage,...

  17. Socio-economic, cultural and livelihood factors influencing local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Socio-economic, cultural and livelihood factors influencing local people ... The social and economic circumstances prevailing in Tanzania today have made ... sociocultural and livelihood factors that influence community participation in ... Increased capacity for conservation skills was the most important driver of community ...

  18. Analysis of Factors Influencing Farmers’ Identification of Entrepreneurial Opportunity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing; GAO; Fang; YANG

    2013-01-01

    Based on the survey data of entrepreneurship concerning farmers in China,this article uses the multivariate adjustment regression analysis method,to analyze the factors influencing farmers’ identification of entrepreneurial opportunity and the mechanism. The results show that demographic characteristics are still an important factor influencing farmers’ identification of entrepreneurial opportunity,but the extent of its influence is weaker than entrepreneurs’ trait. The new trait theory is verified in farmers’ entrepreneurship opportunity behavior; entrepreneurship environment is becoming an important factor influencing entrepreneurial opportunity identification,whose regulation effect on entrepreneurs’ social network and previous experience is stronger than the regulation effect on entrepreneurs’ psychological trait.

  19. Factors Influencing Museum Sustainability and Indicators for Museum Sustainability Measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabela Luiza Pop

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to identify the factors upon which museum sustainability depends and the way in which this can be measured. Methodologically, we applied a qualitative research approach, using semi-structured interviews with experts from the Romanian museum sector, complemented by an in-depth study of the literature in this field. Results indicated that any objective measuring of sustainability must take into account the size of a museum’s collections and its organizational structure. It was also found that museum type can affect sustainability via its competitive advantage. However, the sustainability of a museum is not strictly determined by these factors, but also by the management and marketing strategies applied. Based on analysis of literature- and respondent-based factors influencing sustainability, this article proposes a set of 33 indicators that can be used by museums to measure their sustainability, as well as a model that enables evaluation of the sustainability levels of various museums comparatively, regardless of their type, size or importance (e.g., national, regional and local. The results obtained are useful both from a theoretical point of view, given that there are few writings on this topic, and from a practical point of view, as they provide a basis for a clear, objective model of museum sustainability measurement.

  20. Factors which influence on the development of the enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Raiko

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to analyze the tendencies in the main indicators of business activity in the machine-building industry of Ukraine, and to systemize the factors (such as use of fixed assets, resources, liquid assets, human resources, innovations, investment processes, information technology, marketing activities, consumer feedback. Those factors comprehensively take into account all facets of an enterprise's activity, reflect the interests of the shareholders, staff, consumers, partners, do not contradict the interests of the enterprise, the region and the state, immediately corresponds to previously neglected features of the enterprise development from the viewpoint of marketing. Marketing is the basis that connects the subjects, provides information interaction, resolute conflicts that arise in the enterprise dealings with its most important stakeholders, which are partners and consumers. The results of the analysis. To develop proposals on the influence of various factors on the development of industrial enterprises (in particular, its marketing activities, it is helpful to analyze the specific features of the machine-building enterprise day to day activities in Ukraine. In this research we’ve analyzed 40 Ukrainian industrial enterprises from different regions of the country. These companies represent different sectors of the industry. They mostly specialize in energy, transport, agricultural and electrical machine- and instrument-building. To evaluate the influence of factors we conducted a survey among the managers of industrial enterprises and selected the following groups of factors: use of fixed assets, material assets, financial (liquid assets, human resources, innovations, investment processes, information technology, marketing activity, consumer feedback. We analyzed these data using regression methods (including the method of partial least squares and identified the relationship and influence of

  1. FACTORS INFLUENCING ADOPTION DECISIONS OF MAIZE FARMERS IN NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olusegun Ayodeji Fadare

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The needs to develop improved varieties of maize have been in the heart of various researchers and institutions in Nigeria because of its strategic role in tackling food insecurity and poverty. Despite substantial efforts to improve maize varieties, the level of adoption of improved maize varieties (IMV in Nigeria in still very low. Although previous adoption studies have indicated a number of socioeconomic and institutional/organizational variables as important factors influencing adoption of improved maize (crop varieties in the country, whether these factors are the main issues of concern, and whether the inclusion of regional/agro-ecological variables in adoption model are also important in explaining what could drive farmers’ adoption behaviour requires investigation. This study therefore examined factors influencing adoption of IMV among farmers in Nigeria using a selected portion of the Nigeria Living Standard Measurement Survey data collected by the National Bureau of Statistics and the World Bank for 2010/2011 cropping season with descriptive statistics and probit model as tools for data analysis. The results suggest, in line with some previous studies, that farm size, education level of farmers and access to extension services would significantly influence adoption of IMV. The results also indicate that farmers across the entire agro-ecological regions of country share some negative sentiments regarding adoption of IMV. Renewed emphasis on interventions that would enable farmers gain more access to farmland, and promote formal education and extension service are advocated. An attempt to incorporate variables that capture farmers’ perception/experience on agroclimatic/ ecologically related concerns in adoption study could aid better understand of what drives farmers’ adoption decisions across the country especially in the light of the emerging climate change issues and its implication on food production.

  2. 基于鱼骨图和AHP的产业集群知识创新能力影响因素研究%Research on Influence Factor of Industrial Clusters Knowledge Innovation Ability Based on Fishbone Diagram and AHP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈甄; 储节旺; 李丽娟

    2012-01-01

    This paper brings forward the approach of combining quantitative with qualitative to make analysis the industrial clusters knowledge innovation ability influence factors. Firstly, we use the approach of fishbone diagram tO tease out industrial clusters knowledge innovation ability influence factors, then importing them into the model of AHP. Through subjective evaluation and experts evaluation we constructed the determine matrix, Calculated relative to the target of various factors of the importance of weight. Finally, by sequencing to identify the key influencing factors, and to improve the knowledge innovation capability of industrial clusters offer some constructive advice.%采用定量和定性相结合的方法分析产业集群知识创新能力的影响因素,首先用鱼骨图法梳理出产业集群知识创新能力影响因素,然后导入AHP模型中,通过主观评价、专家评判和综合分析构造判断矩阵,计算各个影响因素相对于目标问题的重要性权重,最后通过排序找出关键影响因素,并为提高产业集群知识创新能力提供一些建设性意见。

  3. Factors influencing predation on juvenile ungulates and natural selection implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Barber-Meyer

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Juvenile ungulates are generally more vulnerable to predation than are adult ungulates other than senescent individuals, not only because of their relative youth, fragility, and inexperience, but also because of congenital factors. Linnell et al.’s (Wildl. Biol. 1: 209-223 extensive review of predation on juvenile ungulates concluded that research was needed to determine the predisposition of these juveniles to predation. Since then, various characteristics that potentially predispose juvenile ungulates have emerged including blood characteristics, morphometric and other condition factors, and other factors such as birth period, the mother’s experience, and spatial and habitat aspects. To the extent that any of the physical or behavioral traits possessed by juvenile ungulates have a genetic or heritable and partly independent epigenetic component that predisposes them to predation, predators may play an important role in their natural selection. We review the possible influence of these characteristics on predisposing juvenile ungulates to predation and discuss natural selection implications and potential selection mechanisms. Although juvenile ungulates as a class are likely more vulnerable to predation than all but senescent adults, our review presents studies indicating that juveniles with certain tendencies or traits are killed more often than others. This finding suggests that successful predation on juveniles is more selective than is often assumed. Because we are unable to control for (or in some cases even measure the myriad of other possible vulnerabilities such as differences in sensory abilities, intelligence, hiding abilities, tendency to travel, etc., finding selective predation based on the relatively few differences we can measure is noteworthy and points to the significant role that predation on juveniles has in the natural selection of ungulates. Future research should compare characteristics, especially those known to

  4. Research on the Influence Factors of Customer -satisfaction in Jiangsu Province Fitness Clubs%江苏省健身俱乐部顾客满意度影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许彩明; 汤雪桃

    2014-01-01

    High customer-satisfaction guarantees fitness clubs to survive and develop .By the literatures ,questionnaire and mathe-matical statistics ,the customer satisfaction in fitness clubs of Jiangsu province was researched ,based on the China Service Industry Customer Satisfaction Index model .It proposed that at present the customer satisfaction should be improved urgendly ;the perceived quality had a significant influence on customer satisfaction ,in which Staff's service attitude ,the technical level of the coaches and e-quipment quality were the crucial factors ;Brand image should be added to improve customer satisfaction ;and the expected quality has put a negative effect on it .%高顾客满意度是健身俱乐部生存和发展的保障。本文运用文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,在中国服务行业顾客满意度指数模型的基础上对江苏省健身俱乐部顾客满意度进行了研究。研究认为当前江苏省健身俱乐部急需提高顾客满意度;感知质量是影响江苏省健身俱乐部顾客满意度的重要因素,应进一步提升工作人员的服务态度、教练员的技术水平和运动器材质量;当前应提升品牌形象来提高顾客满意度;目前预期质量已经对江苏省健身俱乐部的顾客满意度产生了负影响。

  5. 城市片区的自组织演化及其影响因素探究--以扬州东关街区为例%Research on Urban Self-organization and its influence factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱鹏程

    2014-01-01

    东关街是扬州城中最具代表性的城市片区,它不仅是扬州水陆交通要道,更是商业、手工业和宗教文化中心,有着浓厚的历史、社会文化内涵和学术研究价值。在城市片区形成、演化、发展的历史进程中,自组织作为其“主要推手”贯穿始终。本文基于自组织理论,通过对东关街的空间性解读以及场所感的解析,从城市的使用者“人”的角度,探究城市片区的自组织演化规律及其影响因素。%Dongguan street is the most representative city district in Yangzhou, it is not only the land and water traffic arteries in Yangzhou, but also the center of business, handicraft industry and the religion and culture, which has a rich history, social and cultural connotation as wel as research value. In the urban area formation, evolution, and the historical process of development, self-organization is playing an important role like a "major driving force".In this paper, the author hopes to explore the self-organization evolution and its influence factors of city area by analyzing the street space of interpretation sense of place, from the perspective of users of city people based on the self-organization theory.

  6. 微生物共代谢降解难降解废水影响因素的研究进展%Research on the influencing factors of the non-biodegradable wastewater treated by microbial co-metabolism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张为; 罗建中; 苏德强; 杨建林; 张砾文

    2013-01-01

    微生物共代谢是对污水中难降解性有机物生物降解的一种重要方式,共代谢过程中产生的非专一性关键酶可以促进难降解有机物的降解.大量的研究结果表明,选择合适的菌种和生长基质、控制生长基质和目标污染物的投加比、优化反应条件均可提高共代谢反应的处理效果.基于共代谢的作用机制,分析了影响共代谢的若干影响因子,旨在揭示共代谢对难降解有机物的降解机理.%Microbial co-metabolism is one of the important biodegration methods for microbial non-degradable or-ganics in wastewater treatment. The non-specific key enzymes produced in the co-metabolism process can promote the degradation of refractory organics. A lot of research results show that the treatment efficiency of co-metabolism can be improved by choosing appropriate strain and growth substrate, controlling the adding ratio of growth substances and target pollutants, and optimizing reaction conditions. Based on the action mechanisms of co-metabolism, some influencing factors which affects co-metabolism are analyzed, so as to show the degradation mechanism of non-degradable organics by co-metabolism.

  7. Student Research Projects Inhibiting Factors from the Students Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Nikrooz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: Identifying the research barriers and assess the ability of students to use the university services and facilities is crucial to promote research activities. Present study was carried out to determine the inhibiting factors influencing the student's research projects from the view point of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences students in 2008. Materials & Methods: In this cross sectional study 96 students of Yasuj Medical University were selected by stratified random sampling. The data were collected by validate & reliable questionnaire, containing demographic information, inhibiting factors related to students (personal and organization. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: The mean scores against the personal barriers and the organizational barriers questions were 43.23±12.96 and 62.58±12.08 respectively. There was a significant difference between personal and organizational barriers (P<0.001 and personal barriers were more important. According to the results, the student's inadequate skills & knowledge of research methodology and lack of awareness of research topics were the most prevalent personal barriers. The most prevalent organizational barriers were unavailability of research consulters, inadequate research skills of consulter, insufficient facilities & equipment and lack of motivating staff & faculties. Other variables such as gender, subject of study and research experience are mentioned in the full text. Conclusion: This study showed that the personal barriers were more important than organizational barriers which interfere with the student's research projects. This can be corrected and controlled by teachers, faculty members, university officials and students, themselves.

  8. FACTORS INFLUENCING FRICTION OF PHOSPHATE COATINGS,

    Science.gov (United States)

    surface roughness, crystalline structure , and velocity. The coefficients of friction for manganese phosphate coatings did not differ to any practical...The coefficient of friction was independent of the applied load. Velocity during dynamic testing, surface finish, and crystalline structure influenced

  9. Dermal factors influencing measurement of skin autofluorescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordzij, Margaretha J.; Lefrandt, Johan; Graaff, Reindert; Smit, Andries J.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Skin autofluorescence (SAF) is a noninvasive marker of accumulation of advanced glycation end products. It predicts cardiovascular complications and mortality in diabetes and renal failure. We assessed the influence of potential common confounders in SAF measurement, by determining the e

  10. 影响女性精神残疾人就业价值观预测因素研究%Research on predicting factors of influencing employment values of mentally disabled females

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹平; 张永爱; 任向明; 李娜; 唐争艳; 师建国

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the predictive factors influencing employment values of mentally disabled females. Methods Through random sampling method, 393 mentally disabled female patients receiving rehabilitation treatments in 3 psychiatric hospitals in Shaanxi province agreed to take part in the study. Research tools included Job Value Rating Scale and Protectors Expectation Rating Scale which were devised by Van Dongen (1996), Sense of Self-respect Rating Scale by Rosenberg ( 1973 ), Friends' and Experts' Support Rating Scale by Gregory ( 1988 ), and Activities of Daily Living ( ADL ) Rating Scale by Akpom ( 1987 ). Results The average value of employment values of the mentally disabled females was 2. 69. Among the influencing factors, the average values of employment expectation, friends support, protectors expectation, sense of self-respect, general ability and employment experience were 2. 69, 2.43, 2.56, 2.31, 2.71 and 1.46 respectively. Employment values of mentally disabled females were significantly related with life quality, friends' support, protectors' expectation, experts' support, sense of self-respect, employment experience, general ability, age and frequency of being admitted to hospital ( r = -0.001 ~0. 659, all P 0. 1 ). The major factors influencing employment values of mentally disabled females included sense of self-respect ( B = 0. 372 ), protectors' expectation ( B = 0. 265 ), friends' support ( B = 0. 177 ), employment expectation ( B = 0. 230 ), general ability ( B = 0. 162 ) and employment experience ( B = 0. 040 ). The total cogency was 67. 7%. Conclusion Employment expectation, friends' support, protectors expectation, sense of self-respect, general ability and employment experience were the most important factors influencing employment values of mentally disabled females. Therefore, the relevant departments in community should provide corresponding services to improve employment values for the mentally disabled females so as to promote social

  11. Factors Influencing the Development of Middle School Students' Interest in Statistical Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Colin; Callingham, Rosemary; Watson, Jane; Hay, Ian

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews factors that contribute to the development of middle school students' interest in statistical literacy and its motivational influence on learning. To date very little research has specifically examined the influence of positive affect such as interest on learning in the middle-school statistics context. Two bodies of associated…

  12. Homeschooled Students in College: Background Influences, College Integration, and Environmental Pull Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolle-Brummond, Mary Beth; Wessel, Roger D.

    2012-01-01

    How do pre-entry attributes of homeschooled students influence their college experience? What are their academic and social integration patterns? What role did outside factors play in their college experience? Using Tinto's research as a foundation, this study examined the influence of pre-entry attributes on the college experience, academic and…

  13. Orifice plate cavitation mechanism and its influencing factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan-zheng AI

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The orifice plate energy dissipater is an economic and highly efficient dissipater. However, there is a risk of cavitaion around the orifice plate flow. In order to provide references for engineering practice, we examined the cavitation mechanism around the orifice plate and its influencing factors by utilizing mathematical analysis methods to analyze the flow conditions around the orifice plate in view of gas bubble dynamics. Through the research presented in this paper, the following can be observed: The critical radius and the critical pressure of the gas nucleus in orifice plate flow increase with its initial state parameter ; the development speed of bubbles stabilizes at a certain value after experiencing a peak value and a small valley value; and the orifice plate cavitation is closely related to the distribution of the gas nucleus in flow. For computing the orifice plate cavitation number, we ought to take into account the effects of pressure fluctuation. The development time of the gas nucleus from the initial radius to the critical radius is about 10-7-10-5 s; therefore, the gas nucleus has sufficient time to develop into bubbles in the negative half-cycle of flow fluctuation. The orifice critical cavitation number is closely related to the orifice plate size, and especially closely related with the ratio of the orifice plate radius to the tunnel radius. The approximate formula for the critical cavitation number of the square orifice plate that only considers the main influencing factor was obtained by model experiments.

  14. Factors influencing societal response of nanotechnology : an expert stakeholder analysis

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Nanotechnology can be described as an emerging technology and, as has been the case with other emerging technologies such as genetic modification, different socio-psychological factors will potentially influence societal responses to its development and application. These factors will play an important role in how nanotechnology is developed and commercialised. This article aims to identify expert opinion on factors influencing societal response to applications of nanotechnology. Structured i...

  15. A Research into the Influencing Factors of Major Shareholders' Capital Occupying in Listed Companies%民营上市公司大股东资金占用影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋芳春; 张煊

    2011-01-01

    Chinese private listed company generally adopt the pyramid shareholding structure,so the control right and cash flow right are separate.In order to obtain their own benefits,major shareholders occupy the capital of the company by various means,but it has hampered companies' progress.This paper use data of 371 listed companies with pyramid structure.The empirical results indicate that the influencing factor of major shareholder's capital occupying include the first big shareholder's shareholding ratio,separation factor,the degree of checks and balances equity,managers shareholders ratio and debt rate.In addition,comparative research between normal company and ST company found that the first big shareholder's shareholding ratio,the degree of checks and balances equity,debt rate and years have different effects on major shareholders' occupying.%我国采取金字塔控股方式的民营上市公司以实现自身利益最大化为目标,通过各种手段占用上市公司资金。针对沪深两市371家具备金字塔结构的民营上市公司的实证研究发现,大股东资金占用的影响因素主要有第一大股东持股比例、分离系数、股权制衡度、管理者持股比例和资产负债率。在ST公司和正常公司的对比分析中,发现第一大股东持股比例、股权制衡度、资产负债率和公司上市年限对大股东资金占用率的影响存在差异。

  16. Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction among Army Chaplains

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-05-20

    supported by Maslow’s need hierarchy, it is not substantiated by Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory. Still another approach is that of Leon Festinger’s...Herzberg, Vroom, McGregor, Lawler and Festinger provide a basic JWM » -, —_—^ . foundation and starting point for examining the factors of chaplain...identity, and autonomy, which are examined in this section. Further, Leon Festinger’s work on "cognitive dissonance" points toward the

  17. Factors influencing consumer dietary health preventative behaviours

    OpenAIRE

    Petrovici, Dan A.; Ritson, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    Background The deterioration of the health status of the Romanian population during the economic transition from a centrally planned to a free market economy has been linked to lifestyles factors (e.g. diet) regarded as a main determinants of the disparity in life expectancy between Eastern and Western Europe. Reforms in the health care system in this transition economy aim to focus on preventive action. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that impact on the individual decis...

  18. 员工非工作上网行为研究:基于组织因素的实证%An Empirical Research on Organizational Factors Influencing Cyberloafing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂晓春; 常亚平

    2011-01-01

    How organizational factors influence cyberloafing is studied through using multiple regression method. Results show that five factors including matching of work arrangement, punishment, workload, supervision and climate in enterprises influence cyberloafing significantly.%从企业组织因素的角度出发,应用多元回归分析的手段,对员工非工作上网行为的影响因子进行了研究.研究发现,工作安排匹配性、企业惩戒力度、工作量、企业监控力度和企业氛围影响是导致员工非工作上网行为发生的显著因素.

  19. 青年男性接受包皮环切术的影响因素研究及认知情况分析%The influence factors of young men who accept circumcision research and cognitive analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗津; 曾春明; 李羽佳; 谢皓空

    2014-01-01

    Objective Analysis and research on young men knowledge of circumcision, and the influence factors of circumcision. Methods 100 circumcised and 100 uncircumcised young men were recruited into this research. A questionnaire designed by ourselves is adopted. Results The principal reason give by circumcised men is to improve penile hygiene (79%),and followed reasons are to help improve sexual function and suggestion for doctor (30%and 28%). For uncircumcised men,the main reasons are not knowing the exact medical benefits (37%), and being anxious about post-operative pain and post-operative complications (30% and 21%). Conclusion It is necessary to strengthened the propaganda and instruction of prepuce and circumcision knowledge in young crowd.%目的:分析青年男性对包皮及包皮环切术知识的掌握程度以及接受包皮环切术的影响因素。方法选取我院泌尿外科门诊已行和未行包皮环切术的青年男性各100名,采用自行设计的问卷进行调查。结果已行包皮环切术的男性接受该手术的原因依次为:使阴茎更卫生、期望提高性功能和医生的建议,分别占79%,30%,28%;未行包皮环切术的主要原因是不清楚包皮环切术的益处、担心术后疼痛和术后并发症,分别占37%,30%和21%。结论有必要加强青年人群包皮及包皮环切术相关知识的宣教工作。

  20. Research on the Influence Factors of Customers’ Purchase Intention in the O2O Mode%O2O模式下消费者购买意愿影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓蕾; 罗正公

    2014-01-01

    基于技术接受模型构建了O2O模式下消费者购买意愿影响因素的理论模型,重点研究在O2O模式下影响消费者购买意愿的关键性因素及其各因素之间的关系。结果表明:用户体验、信任、感知有用性和感知易用性对O2O模式下消费者购买意愿有正向影响关系;感知风险对O2O模式下消费者购买意愿有负向影响关系;感知易用性对感知有用性有正向影响关系;信任和用户体验对感知风险有负向影响关系。%Based on the TAM, the paper constructs an influencing factors model of consumers’ purchase intention in the O2O mode, studying the major influencing factors about purchase intention and the mutual relationship between them. The results show that:user experience, trust, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use have positive influences on consumers’ intention to purchase; perceived risk has negative influence on consumers’ intention to purchase;perceived ease of use has positive influences on perceived usefulness;trust and user experience have negative influences on perceived risk.

  1. 脑梗死患者自我感受负担影响因素的临床研究%Clinical research in influencing factors of self-perceived burden among patients with cerebral infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜雅伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the influencing factors of self-perceived burden(SPB) among patients with cerebral infarction.Methods A total of 108 patients were included in the study,they were investigated by a self-designed demographic questionnaire and Self-Perceived Burden Scale(SPBS).Chisquare analysis,t test and multiple regression analysis were used to explore the influencing factors of SPB.Results The SPB of patients with cerebral infarction was (36.72±4.23) points.Self-care ability,hemiple-gia,language barriers and times of hospitslization were the influencing factors of SPB according to the mul-tiple regression analysis.Conclusions The patients with cerebral infarction have obvious SPB,which is influenced by multiple factors.Nurses should take proper measures to alleviate the patients' SPB.%目的 探讨脑梗死患者自我感受负担(SPB)的影响因素.方法 采用自我感受负担量表对108例脑梗死患者进行横断面调查,首先对可能的影响因素进行单因素分析,然后以SPB为应变量,以单因素分析有统计学意义的因素为自变量,进行多元回归分析.结果 脑梗死患者SPB平均分为(36.72±4.23)分;多元回归分析显示,生活自理能力、偏瘫、语言障碍、住院次数是脑梗死患者SPB的影响因素.结论 脑梗死患者存在SPB,护理人员应采取相应护理措施.

  2. Institutional Factors Influencing Crop Farmers Adoption of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E M IGBOKWE

    National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS),. Ahmadu Bello University .... as inefficiency in usage, improper storage, bad (high) retailing prices, and lack of safety measures (FAO ..... Paper presented at the 1996 ...

  3. Influence of Nutritional Factors on Lipid Metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    conditions of chronic high level fat oxidation such as exercise, Askew et al. (121) fed exercising rats diets supplemented with 0.5Z L- carnitine . Although...exercise increased adipose tissue fatty acid turnover, supplemental dietary carnitine neither increased skeletal muscle in vitro fatty acid oxidation...some investigators believe the relative activities of the sn-glycerolphosphate acyltransferase and carnitine palmttyltrans- ferase may influence the

  4. Dermal factors influencing measurement of skin autofluorescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordzij, Margaretha J; Lefrandt, Joop D; Graaff, Reindert; Smit, Andries J

    2011-02-01

    Skin autofluorescence (SAF) is a noninvasive marker of accumulation of advanced glycation end products. It predicts cardiovascular complications and mortality in diabetes and renal failure. We assessed the influence of potential common confounders in SAF measurement, by determining the effects of endogenous and exogenous local dermal changes by body creams, hyperemia, vasoconstriction, and hydration. SAF was measured before and after local administration of body lotion, day cream, sunscreen, or self-browning cream and after attempts to remove these effects with alcohol swabs and washing. SAF was measured before and during three hyperemia maneuvers: vasoconstriction and on a dry and wet skin. The body lotion increased SAF by 18%. Day cream, sunscreen, and self-browning cream gave an increase of >100%. Except for body lotion, subsequent cleaning with alcohol swabs and washing with soap did not return SAF to baseline values. The effect of self-browning cream persisted for 2 weeks and that of sunscreen for 4 days. Hyperemia caused by a hot bath, capsicum cream, or postocclusive reactive hyperemia gave a decrease in SAF of, respectively, 18%, 22%, and 2.3%. Vasoconstriction caused by immersing the arm in cold water gave a 10% increase. Hydration state did not influence SAF. Measurement of SAF is strongly affected by several skin creams. This effect was often not fully corrected by alcohol swabs and washing with soap and may persist for many days. Marked hyperemia and vasoconstriction also influence SAF. We advise avoiding these potential error sources.

  5. Research progress on influencing factors of air quality in carriage of passenger train?%旅客列车车厢内空气质量影响因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶绍燕

    2013-01-01

    旅客列车车厢空气质量影响因素与列车的车型、季节有关.不同车型车厢内的空气质量影响因素不相同,不同季节各项指标合格率亦不同,空调列车内环境质量优于非空调车.非空调车噪声合格率低于空调列车,不同车型噪声合格率不同.作者综述了影响车厢空气质量的12种因素.%The influencing factors of air quality in carriage of passenger train are related to type of train and season.The influencing factors of air quality in carriage are distrinct in different types of train,and the qualified rates of various indexes are distrinct in different seasons.The environmental quality of air-conditioned train is better than that in train without air-conditioning.The qualified rate of noise in train without air-conditioning is lower than that in air-conditioned train,and there is difference in qualified rate of noise between different types of train.The paper summarizes 12 factors that influence the air quality in carriage.

  6. Choice of treatment with antidepressants: influencing factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himmerich, Hubertus; Wranik, Dominika W

    2012-01-01

    Depressive disorders place a large burden on patients and on society. Although efficacious treatment options for unipolar depressive disorders exist, substantial gaps in care remain. In part, the challenge lies in the matching of individual patients with appropriate care. This is complicated by the steady increases in the variety of antidepressants available in the market. The goal of this study is to highlight the decision processes in the selection of antidepressants by clinicians, given that most treatments have similar clinical effectiveness profiles. We conducted a systematic literature review of studies that referred to the decisions surrounding treatment with antidepressants for the treatment of non-psychotic unipolar depression. Our analysis of the literature reveals that the choice of treatment is based on a variety of factors, of which clinical evidence is only one. These factors can be categorized into clinical factors such as illness and treatment characteristics, individual factors such as patient and physician characteristics, and contextual factors such as setting characteristics, decision supports and pharmacoeconomic aspects. Illness characteristics are defined by the type and severity of depression. Treatment characteristics include drug properties, efficacy, effectiveness and favorable as well as unintended adverse effects of the drug. Examples for patient characteristics are co-morbidities and individual preferences, and physician characteristics include knowledge, experience, values and beliefs, and the relationship with the patient. Treatment guidelines, algorithms, and most recently, computational supports and biological markers serve as decision supports.

  7. Factors influencing quality of life in asthmatics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-kalemji, Abir; Petersen, Karin Dam; Sørensen, Jan

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The quality of life (QOL) in persons with asthma is reduced and different factors such as demography, asthma severity and psychiatric comorbidity play an influential role. However, little is known about the interplay of these factors. OBJECTIVE: To describe QOL in relation to asthma...... and analyse for the relative impact of asthma severity, psychiatric comorbidity, lifestyle (smoking and obesity) and demographic determinants on QOL in persons with asthma. METHODS: One thousand one hundred sixty-one subjects from an earlier cohort with and without asthma were sent an asthma screening...... gender and smoking were associated with reduced QOL, suggesting that these factors play an independent role on lowering QOL. Depression did not inflate the relationship between asthma severity and worse QOL, suggesting that asthma severity plays an independent role on everyday life regardless...

  8. Influencing factors of infrared surveying in roadway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Kang-xu; GUO Da

    2006-01-01

    The main factors that affect infrared surveying in roadway include that property of rock, electromechanical equipments running, environmental temperature, hydrogeology and support material etc. This paper sums up the expression features of these disturbing factor through theoretical analysis and actual measurement contrasts and considers that some tunnel section does not suit to go on infrared survey, for instance, soft rock meets water to expanse, and surround rock has obviously pouring water. The basic methods had made evading disturbing of electromechanical equipments, environmental temperature and protect material etc to become possible. It is helpful that offers infrared surveying technical service for production safety better in roadway.

  9. Factors influencing adoption of manure separation technology in The Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebrezgabher, Solomie A; Meuwissen, Miranda P M; Kruseman, Gideon; Lakner, Dora; Oude Lansink, Alfons G J M

    2015-03-01

    Manure separation technologies are essential for sustainable livestock operations in areas with high livestock density as these technologies result in better utilization of manure and reduced environmental impact. Technologies for manure separation have been well researched and are ready for use. Their use, however, has been limited to the Netherlands. This paper investigates the role of farm and farmer characteristics and farmers' attitudes toward technology-specific attributes in influencing the likelihood of the adoption of mechanical manure separation technology. The analysis used survey data collected from 111 Dutch dairy farmers in 2009. The results showed that the age and education level of the farmer and farm size are important variables explaining the likelihood of adoption. In addition to farm and farmer characteristics, farmers' attitudes toward the different attributes of manure separation technology significantly affect the likelihood of adoption. The study generates useful information for policy makers, technology developers and distributors in identifying the factors that impact decision-making behaviors of farmers.

  10. Product development alliances: factors influencing formation and success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Johanne Rønnow; Harmsen, Hanne; Friis, Alan

    2008-01-01

    implications - Managers obtain a tool for planning and refining their innovation strategy and actions regarding product development alliances. Originality/value - This research contributes to the presently limited literature on product development alliances, specifically in the food industry context.......Purpose - The objective of this paper is to develop a framework, based on existing literature, for factors influencing the formation and success of product development alliances, and relate this specifically to the food industry. Design/methodology/approach - Case study of a product development...... alliance, with four partners and an interview survey, with 19 key informants in the Danish food industry. Findings - The nature of the differences between the developed framework for product development alliances in the food industry and theory on alliances in general, indeed seem to rest in the chosen...

  11. 水库温室气体排放及其影响因素研究进展%Research Progress on the Emission of Greenhouse Gases from Reservoir and Its Influence Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程炳红; 郝庆菊; 江长胜

    2012-01-01

    Hydroelectric energy is widely accepted as a clean energy, with almost no impact on greenhouse effect compared to thermal energy production. However, many studies have found that reservoirs were significant emission sources of greenhouse gases. The flooding of forest, soils, rivers and lakes generated by the creation of reservoir modifies, which influence the greenhouse gases dynamics of that new environment. The water-level-fluctuating zone and sediment of the reservoir is the important junction of connecting the exchange of energy and matter, which may be the important areas of greenhouse gases production and releasing. There were many pathways in greenhouse gases emission and the greenhouse gases emission influenced by many factors, and also obviously appeared temporal and spatial differences among reservoirs. To quantify the greenhouse gases emissions from reservoirs, it is necessary to consider each emission pathways of greenhouse gases including diffusive flux, bubbling, degassing and river downstream. Published data from tropical reservoirs indicates that emission of greenhouse gases vary not only among reservoirs, but also within each reservoir, as a function of many aspects, including: season change, wind speed, water temperature, water level, water pH, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, the age of reservoir, and oxygen concentration. In this paper, we summarized and discussed the achievements associated with greenhouse gases emission so as to obtain more detail information about the emission of greenhouse gases from reservoirs. Finally, the current insufficient of research on greenhouse gases emission and expecting to provide the reference for the correlative research in future have been analyzed.%二氧化碳、甲烷和氧化亚氮是3种重要的温室气体.水库是这些温室气体的重要排放源,排放途径多样,而且排放受诸多因素影响,其温室气体的排放量在时间和空间上存在差异.水库消落区是连接水陆

  12. Factors influencing initiation and duration of breast feeding in Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Leahy-Warren, Patricia

    2013-03-05

    The aim of this research was to identify factors associated with mothers breast feeding and to identify, for those who breast fed, factors associated with breast feeding for as long as planned. BACKGROUND: breast-feeding rates in Ireland are amongst the lowest in Europe. Research evidence indicates that in order for mothers to be successful at breast feeding, multiplicities of supports are necessary for both initiation and duration. The nature of these supports in tandem with other influencing factors requires analysis from an Irish perspective. DESIGN: cross-sectional study involving public health nurses and mothers in Ireland. This paper presents the results of the mothers\\' evaluation. METHOD: mothers (n=1715) with children less than three years were offered a choice of completing the self-report questionnaires online or by mail. Data were analysed and reported using descriptive and inferential statistics. FINDINGS: four in every five participants breast fed their infant and two thirds of them breast fed as long as planned. The multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that third level education, being a first time mother or previously having breast fed, participating online, having more than two public health nurse visits, and having a positive infant feeding attitude were independently and statistically significantly associated with breast feeding. Among mothers who breast fed, being aged at least 35 years, participating online, having a positive infant feeding attitude and high breast-feeding self-efficacy were independently and statistically significantly associated with breast feeding for as long as planned. CONCLUSIONS: findings from this study reinforce health inequalities therefore there needs to be a renewed commitment to reducing health inequalities in relation to breast feeding. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: this study has identified factors associated with initiation and duration of breast feeding that are potentially modifiable through

  13. Emergency department crowding: Factors influencing flow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Linden, M.C.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on emergency department (ED) crowding. In the first part (ED crowding in the Netherlands) the current state of EDs regarding patients’ length of stay and ED managers’ experiences of crowding are described. Part two (input factors) contains three studies which describe the case lo

  14. BUILDABILITY FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE MICRO-LEVEL FORMWORK LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY OF BEAMS IN BUILDING FLOORS

    OpenAIRE

    Jarkas, Abdulaziz M

    2011-01-01

    Buildability is one of the most important factors that influence labour productivity. Nevertheless, a thorough literature examination revealed a dearth of research concerning the effects of buildability on labour productivity of in situ reinforced concrete construction. Beams are major components of building floors, and the objective of this investigation is to explore the buildability factors that influence their micro-level formwork labour productivity. Therefore, a large volume of producti...

  15. The Journal Impact Factor: Does It Devalue Applied Research in Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alford, Elward K.

    2012-01-01

    A troubling trend in research is the reliance on the journal impact factor (IF) to establish a perceived "value" or importance of scholarly publications. Given that the IF of different scholarly journals may vary greatly, this phenomenon not only influences which journals receive submissions, but is beginning to influence the type of research that…

  16. The Journal Impact Factor: Does It Devalue Applied Research in Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alford, Elward K.

    2012-01-01

    A troubling trend in research is the reliance on the journal impact factor (IF) to establish a perceived "value" or importance of scholarly publications. Given that the IF of different scholarly journals may vary greatly, this phenomenon not only influences which journals receive submissions, but is beginning to influence the type of research that…

  17. [Factors that influence student ratings of instruction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Su Jin; Choung, Yun Hoon; Chung, Yoon Sok

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of student ratings of instruction by analyzing their relationships with several variables, including gender, academic rank, specialty, teaching time, and teaching method, at a medical school. This study analyzed the student ratings of 297 courses at Ajou University School of Medicine in 2013. SPSS version 12.0 was used to analyze the data and statistics by t-test, analysis of variance, and Scheffe test. There were no statistically significant differences in student ratings between gender, rank, and specialty. However, student ratings were significantly influenced by teaching times and methods (pStudent ratings were high for teaching times of 10 hours or more and small-group learning, compared with lectures. There was relatively mean differences in students ratings by teaching times, specialty and rank, although the difference in ratings was not statistically significant. Student ratings can be classified by teaching time and method for summative purposes. To apply student ratings to the evaluation of the performance of faculty, further studies are needed to analyze the variables that influence student ratings.

  18. Factors influencing teaching style in block-scheduled science classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoen Giddings, Linda

    This survey study sought to determine the extent to which teachers' personal belief systems, the leadership practices of the principal, and the nature of the organization as a professional learning community influence their teaching methodologies. The data were contributed by 172 South Carolina science teachers from 65 4 x 4 block-scheduled high schools. The teachers were pre-identified by teaching style as predominantly constructivist or traditional. The online survey consisted of two parts. Part I was the CTBA (Torff & Warburton 2005), which examined teacher beliefs regarding critical-thinking classroom strategies. Part II was the short form of the LOLSO Project Questionnaires (Shins et al., 2002), which examined teacher perceptions of their principal as a transformational leader and of their school as a learning organization. Logistic regression analysis identified two significant factors differentiating constructivist and traditional teachers. Traditional teachers were more likely to believe that low critical-thinking strategies were appropriate strategies for use in the classroom and constructivist teachers were more likely to perceive their schools as learning organizations. These two factors, when entered into the logistic regression predictive equation, could predict group membership with a 61% accuracy level. While not a differentiating factor, there was also a strong correlation between leadership and organizational learning (r = .86). These findings are consistent with other research that has found that schools which are learning organizations support more constructivist pedagogy and student-centered classrooms and are dependent upon strong support from school leadership.

  19. Environmental factors influence for pho-voltaic solar energy efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassanpour Adeh, E.; Higgins, C. W.

    2016-12-01

    Solar energy is the fastest growing renewable energy, thus it is critical that we understand design solar production efficiencies and how they are modified by local environmental factors. A small change in efficiency can have dramatic economic consequences. While the current optimized designs for efficiency of the solar arrays largely ignore environmental factors and focus on the PV panel temperature. In this research, the influence of these microclimatological variables on solar energy productivity was investigated with an in-field study at the Rabbit Hills solar arrays near Oregon State University. The acquired data included temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction, solar radiation, and energy output. A nondimensionalized approach was used to synthesize the data. The preliminary results confirm that the efficiency of the solar array is directly affected by the environmental temperature (expected). However, the efficiency is more impacted by the wind speed which suggests that there is an optimal panel elevation, economically. Other factors such as relative humidity play smaller roles on the solar panel efficiency.

  20. Factors influencing computer literacy of Taiwan and South Korea nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Hui-Mei; Hou, Ying-Hui; Chang, I-Chiu; Yen, David C

    2009-04-01

    Healthcare is experiencing a major transformation in its information technology base. Hospitals are adopting information technology (IT) to reduce costs and increase competitiveness. IT applications in healthcare are trending towards electronic patient records and even health records. Therefore, practices in nursing are also affected by IT. Many researchers have studied what computer literacy a nurse should possess, but have focused less on factors that actually impact computer literacy. The purposes of this study are to examine current computer literacy levels of nurses, and to indicate what variables influence their computer literacy. Taiwan and South Korea both implemented a national health insurance system, and used state-of-the art IT to provide higher volume and better quality of services. The data were collected from two case hospitals which are located in Taiwan and South Korea, respectively. By using a structured questionnaire, a total of 203 nurses responded; 104 from Taiwan and 99 from South Korea. The results revealed that personal innovativeness in IT, computer education, and age are significant factors that affected computer literacy levels. These factors serve as reference for administrators and executives in hospitals, or nursing educators seeking the data necessary to make decisions on curriculum.

  1. Teachers' Use of Technology and Its Influencing Factors in Korean Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Won sug

    2015-01-01

    Until now, research on technology integration in K-12 settings focused on revealing factors that influence technology use in the classroom by teachers has not paid much attention to what teachers recognise and why they incorporate technology in the classroom. Thus, this study aims to investigate how teachers recognise important factors that…

  2. Factors Influencing Teachers' Intention to Use Technology: Model Development and Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    Among the key players in any effective integration of technology in teaching and learning is the teacher. Despite the research that has been conducted to examine the factors that explain teachers' intention to use technology, few have developed a model to statistically explain the interactions among these factors and how they influence teachers'…

  3. Factors that Influence Career Choice among Native American and African American High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett-Smith, Keisha K.

    2011-01-01

    There is a need for research in the area of career choice of minority students in the United States. This descriptive study examined the factors that may influence Native American and African American high school students' career choices. These factors include such variables as parental educational level, family composition, and potential grade…

  4. Research of influencing factors for 100 dizziness patients in department of neurology%神经内科100例头晕患者影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊丽华; 王登岭

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析研究神经内科头晕患者的病因及影响因素,以期指导临床的诊断与治疗。方法100例于本科就诊主诉为头晕的患者,通过收集临床资料并结合辅助检查等手段,诊断并分析头晕的发病原因,并将数据进行统计学处理,并对影响头晕的因素进行分析。结果本次研究共选取100例头晕患者,其中男43例,女57例;年龄15~82岁,平均年龄61岁。其中头晕患者的类型包括中枢性头晕、周围性头晕、精神障碍性头晕、系统性疾病性头晕以及其他原因导致的头晕,分别占21%、47%、4%、27%、1%。其中周围性头晕患者中有美尼尔综合征患者12例,良性阵发性位置性眩晕患者35例。年龄≤45岁的患者有10例[其中男4例(40.0%),女6例(60.0%)],年龄>45岁的患者有90例[其中男39例(43.3%),女51例(56.7%)]。对于头晕所采取的治疗措施,其疗效与年龄呈负性相关。结论周围性头晕是神经内科头晕患者最常见的类型,而其中良性阵发性位置性眩晕最为多见,年龄性别等因素的差异对头晕的发生与治疗也存在影响。发病率女性多于男性,中老年多见。头晕患者临床症状均较明显,可为临床疾病诊断提供参考依据。%ObjectiveTo analyze and research etiology and influencing factors for dizziness patients in department of neurology, and to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment.MethodsThere were 100 patients in our department with main symptom as dizziness, and their etiology of dizziness was diagnosed and analyzed by clinical data collection combing with assistant examination. Their data were taken into statistical processing for analysis of influencing factors.ResultsAmong 100 patients in this research, there were 43 male cases and 57 female cases, aging 15~82 years old, with mean age as 61 years old. Their dizziness types included central dizziness, peripheral dizziness, psychogeny dizziness

  5. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Vanguard Joint Vocational School. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Lawrence County Joint Vocational School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    Two research reports provide results of two Ohio studies to investigate factors that influence a student not to enter a high school vocational curriculum. The studies focus on the Vanguard Joint Vocational School (JVS) and five feeder comprehensive high schools and the Lawrence County JVS and seven feeder comprehensive high schools. Both reports…

  6. RESEARCH ON THE RELATFD FACTORS INFLUENCING THE POSITIVE RATE OF SURGICAL INCISION BACTERIAL CULTURE%影响手术切口细菌培养阳性率相关因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭燕萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the relative factors which influence the positive rate of bacterial culture from surgical incision, and to improve the accuracy of detection. Methods Retrospectively investigation was used to analysis 1 000 cases of surgical incisions bacterial culture results in our hospital, and find out the related factors which influence the positive rate. Results Several factors were found affecting the bacterial species and positive rate of surgical incision bacterial culture, including the disinfection of patient's skin and doctor's arm, the type of surgical incision, the time of operation, and so on. Conclusion When collecting and culturing the bacteria from surgical incision, we should pay attention to the disinfection of patient's skin and doctor's arm and other influencing factors, and take actions to obtain the accurate culture results.%目的 研究影响手术切口细菌培养阳性率的相关因素,提高检测的准确性.方法 通过回顾性调查方法,对某医院1000例手术患者切口细菌培养结果进行分析,找出相关因素.结果 切口细菌培养的细菌种类及阳性率与病人的皮肤和医生手臂的消毒、手术切口类型、手术时间、手术接台情况等相关因素呈正相关.结论 患者手术切口细菌学标本采集和培养应考虑到手术皮肤和术者手消毒及其他因素,采取控制措施,获得准确的培养结果.

  7. Factors influencing women's attitudes towards midwifery: Tool validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Rajabi, Omaymah; Al-Hadid, Lourance; Subih, Maha

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to validate a tool that explores the factors influencing women's opinion of and attitudes towards midwifery. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. The sample consisted of 526 Jordanian women. Cluster sampling was used to ensure a representative sample; then, convenience sampling was performed. The instrument asked non-identifying demographic questions and covered factors reported in literature to influence women's attitudes towards and views of the profession. The resulting instrument consisted of five factors explained by 29 items. These factors were women's general view of midwives, midwife duties, professional ethics, media influence and demotivating factors associated with working as a midwife. Although the instrument is valid and reliable, it needs further testing in other studies. Taking the factors reported on by the present study into account in public policy-making could promote better understanding of midwifery and improve its status in the community. © 2014 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  8. Factors influencing medication label viewing in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheah, Yong Kang; Chong, Yen Wan

    2016-07-12

    The misuse of medicine is a serious public health issue worldwide. An important factor that contributes to the misuse of medicine is the lack of medication label viewing by consumers. The objective of the present study is to examine the socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle factors associated with medication label viewing among Malaysian adults. The empirical analysis is based on a nationally representative data set of 30,992 respondents. An ordered probit model is used to examine different types of medication label viewers. The results of this study suggest that socio-economic (i.e. age, income level, education level, location of residence), demographic (i.e. gender, ethnicity, marital status) and lifestyle factors (i.e. physical activity, smoking) have significant effects on medication label viewing. It is found that age, low-income and low-education level reduce the likelihood of viewing medication label. Based on these findings, several policy implications are suggested. The present study provides policy makers with baseline information regarding which cohorts of individuals to focus on in efforts to increase the frequency of medication label viewing.

  9. Factors influencing early survival after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, P G; Estrin, J A; Fryd, D S; Payne, W D; Belani, K G; Elick, B A; Najarian, J S; Ascher, N L

    1989-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze data from all adult and pediatric liver transplants performed between January 1, 1983 and January 15, 1986 at the University of Minnesota Hospital and identify perioperative variables that predict patient survival and could aid in patient selection. Charts, intraoperative anesthesia records, blood bank records, flow sheets, outpatient records, and autopsy reports were examined in 45 pediatric and 15 adult patients who underwent primary orthotopic liver transplantation. Analysis of the data can be summarized as follows: (1) Pediatric patients whose coagulation parameters could not be corrected prior to operation and who consequently required preoperative exchange transfusion had poorer outcomes than those not requiring an exchange to correct coagulation parameters. (2) The rapid infusion technique for massive blood transfusion resulted in significantly decreased blood loss and intraoperative blood product replacement. (3) Twenty-four hour postoperative factor V levels were good predictors of survival. Patients with poor factor V levels required rigorous replacement of coagulation factors. (4) Pediatric patients with uncorrectable coagulopathies requiring immediate postoperative exchange transfusion had extremely high mortality.

  10. Factors influencing recognition of interrupted speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xin; Humes, Larry E

    2010-10-01

    This study examined the effect of interruption parameters (e.g., interruption rate, on-duration and proportion), linguistic factors, and other general factors, on the recognition of interrupted consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words in quiet. Sixty-two young adults with normal-hearing were randomly assigned to one of three test groups, "male65," "female65" and "male85," that differed in talker (male/female) and presentation level (65/85 dB SPL), with about 20 subjects per group. A total of 13 stimulus conditions, representing different interruption patterns within the words (i.e., various combinations of three interruption parameters), in combination with two values (easy and hard) of lexical difficulty were examined (i.e., 13×2=26 test conditions) within each group. Results showed that, overall, the proportion of speech and lexical difficulty had major effects on the integration and recognition of interrupted CVC words, while the other variables had small effects. Interactions between interruption parameters and linguistic factors were observed: to reach the same degree of word-recognition performance, less acoustic information was required for lexically easy words than hard words. Implications of the findings of the current study for models of the temporal integration of speech are discussed.

  11. Clinically important factors influencing endothelial function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vapaatalo, H; Mervaala, E

    2001-01-01

    The endothelium, a continuous cellular monolayer lining the blood vessels, has an enormous range of important homeostatic roles. It serves and participates in highly active metabolic and regulatory functions including control of primary hemostasis, blood coagulation and fibrinolysis, platelet and leukocyte interactions with the vessel wall, interaction with lipoprotein metabolism, presentation of histocompatibility antigens, regulation of vascular tone and growth and further of blood pressure. Many crucial vasoactive endogenous compounds like prostacyclin, thromboxane, nitric oxide, endothelin, angiotensin, endothelium derived hyperpolarizing factor, free radicals and bradykinin are formed in the endothelial cells to control the functions of vascular smooth muscle cells and of circulating blood cells. These versatile and complex systems and cellular interactions are extremely vulnerable. The balances may be disturbed by numerous endogenous and exogenous factors including psychological and physical stress, disease states characterized by vasospasm, inflammation, leukocyte and platelet adhesion and aggregation, thrombosis, abnormal vascular proliferation, atherosclerosis and hypertension. The endothelial cells are also the site of action of many drugs and exogenous toxic substances (e.g. smoking, alcohol). As markers and assays for endothelial dysfunction, direct measurement of nitric oxide, its metabolites from plasma and urine, functional measurement of vascular nitric oxide dependent responses and assay of different circulating markers have been used. In numerous pathological conditions (e.g. atherosclerosis, hypertension, congestive heart failure, hyperhomocysteinemia, diabetes, renal failure, transplantation, liver cirrhosis) endothelial dysfunction has been described to exist. Some of them, as well as hormonal and nutritional factors and drug treatment will be discussed in this short review.

  12. FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMER RESISTANCE TO INNOVATION: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELATIVE ADVANTAGE, ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXISTING PRODUCT, SOCIAL INFLUENCE AND SELF-EFFICACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazhar Abbas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to study the factors influencing the consumer resistance to innovation. Smartphones used as an innovation in this study. This research was performed by using the self-administered questionnaires to seek the customer behavior and their mindset towards innovation. This research confirmed the gap between the Asian and Western perspective. This research showed the significant positive causal relationship between attitude towards existing product, relative advantage, social influence and consumer resistance to innovation. The choice of research technique and sampling technique reduced the testing boundaries in the research. This research provided to the current body of knowledge as well as in the market. It gives the idea to the marketer and manufacturer to enhance their product features to reduce the consumer resistance to innovation.

  13. Research on influencing factors of floating women's reproductive health-related behaviors%流动妇女生殖健康相关行为的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞; 刘巧兰; 杨洋; 张莎; 何芙蓉; 国胜; 周欢

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To research the influencing factors in preventing genital tract diseases and related behaviors of female floating population based on the theory of health belief model (HBM), so as to provide basis for formulating effective preventing and controlling measures. METHODS The sample population was selected by RDS sampling method and questionnaires were designed on the theoretical basis of HBM, the data were analyzed by path analysis. RESULTS 493 women were fitting for the standards of genital health research. In the health -related behaviors, the population insisting on cleaning the vulva everyday accounted for 96.0%, 47.8% of achieving pelvic examination and 13.5% of periodic physical examination. The results of path analysis indicated that there were five variables which were age, marriage, monthly-income, perceived barriers and self-efficacy that had the direct influence on reproductive health-related behaviors and P-value < 0.05. Path coefficients according with the impact were respectively perceived barriers (P10y. = -0.472), self-efficacy (P11y = 0.237), marriage (P2y =-0.119), monthly-income (P5y = 0.085) and age (P1y = 0.085). Age and monthly-income had indirect influence on the target behaviors through the viable of perceived barriers and registered permanent residence to the target behaviors through the viable of self-efficacy and P-value < 0.05. Indirect path coefficients were respectively r110*P101 = -0.011, r510*P106 = -0.009, r411*P114 = 0.002. CONCLUSION Age, monthly-income, perceived barriers have indirect and direct influence on reproductive health-related behaviors, which indicates that the following intervention keys should focus on the young floating women with low-income.%目的 运用健康信念模式深入研究流动妇女生殖健康相关行为的影响因素,为进一步制定有效的干预措施提供科学依据.方法 在成都市某区采用应答推动抽样方法获取样本,以健康信念模式为指导设计调查问卷,

  14. Research on Influencing Factors of Public Transit Information Service Media Choice%公共交通信息服务媒体选择影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张迅; 赵胜川; 杨智伟

    2011-01-01

    Based on the special investigation of public transit information requirement in Dalan, this study applies the Logistics model and sensitivity analysis to analyze the factors which influence the travelers' choice of public transit information service media. The results indicate that the factors such as vocation, transit information content, age, the usage of the cell phone and the internet have significant influences on the travelers' choice and the vocation variable has the most influence. The results provide a reference for the department of urban transportation management and the institution of transportation information service to choose the rational public transit information service media for mass.%以大连城市居民公共交通信息需求专项调查为基础,通过Logistic模型和灵敏度分析对影响出行者公共交通信息服务媒体选择的因素进行研究.结果表明:职业、信息内容、年龄、互联网和手机的使用等因素显著影响出行者对APTS交通信息服务媒体的选择,其中职业对出行者选择的影响最大.

  15. Factors Influencing Adoption of Information Technology Infrastructure Library: Utilizing the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Din S. Z.

    2013-01-01

    There is a shortage of evidence based research that provides organizations with the necessary information in support of their technology adoption decisions in relation to ITSM technologies. As such, this research study attempted to bridge the gap by offering insight on possible factors that could influence such decisions. An examination of…

  16. Factors Influencing International PhD Students to Study Physics in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Serene H.-J.; Nieminen, Timo A.; Townson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Since physics research is an activity of an active international community, international visits are a common way for physicists to share scientific knowledge and skills. International mobility of physicists is also important for PhD physics study and research training. We investigated personal and social factors that influenced the decision for…

  17. The influence of national level factors on international kaizen transfer: an exploratory study in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yokozawa, Kodo; Steenhuis, H.J.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research study was to examine the international transfer of kaizen or continuous improvement. The central research question was formulated as: what national level factors influence the transfer of kaizen, and how? Design/methodology/approach: In the study, a survey

  18. Factors Influencing Adoption of Information Technology Infrastructure Library: Utilizing the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Din S. Z.

    2013-01-01

    There is a shortage of evidence based research that provides organizations with the necessary information in support of their technology adoption decisions in relation to ITSM technologies. As such, this research study attempted to bridge the gap by offering insight on possible factors that could influence such decisions. An examination of…

  19. The influence of national level factors on international kaizen transfer: an exploratory study in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yokozawa, Kodo; Steenhuis, Harm-Jan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research study was to examine the international transfer of kaizen or continuous improvement. The central research question was formulated as: what national level factors influence the transfer of kaizen, and how? Design/methodology/approach: In the study, a survey int

  20. The influence of national level factors on international kaizen transfer: an exploratory study in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yokozawa, Kodo; Steenhuis, Harm-Jan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this research study was to examine the international transfer of kaizen or continuous improvement. The central research question was formulated as: what national level factors influence the transfer of kaizen, and how? Design/methodology/approach - In the study, a survey in

  1. Factors Influencing the Use of Learning Management System in Saudi Arabian Higher Education: A Theoretical Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asiri, Mohammed J. Sherbib; Mahmud, Rosnaini bt; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Ayub, Ahmad Fauzi bin Mohd

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the theoretical framework underlying a research on factors that influence utilization of the Jusur Learning Management System (Jusur LMS) in Saudi Arabian public universities. Development of the theoretical framework was done based on library research approach. Initially, the existing literature relevant to…

  2. Trends in researching the socioeconomic influences on mathematical achievement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola; Meaney, Tamsin

    2014-01-01

    We introduce the topic of socioeconomic influences on mathematical achievement through an overview of existing research reports and articles. International trends in the way the topic has emerged and become increasingly important in the international field of mathematics education research...

  3. 无边界职业生涯时代科技工作者职业成功影响因素研究%Research of Science and Technology Worker Career Success Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁甜甜; 张再生

    2014-01-01

    Boundaryless career era which is different from traditional career time emphasizes self-career management.This directly leads to the change of career success measurement.Science and technology workers is the carrier of new and high technology, having strong job autonomy and self-development needs.This paper breakthroughed the past research perspec-tive from different levels, highlighting their job autonomy and internal occupation success needs, built a new career success factors theory model, and combined with the related data to test and verify.The results show that individual characteristic, boundaryless of career, career adaptability significantly influence the career success;work engagement as the intermediary variable has a significant impact on science and technology worker career success.%无边界职业生涯时代区别于传统的职业生涯时代,更加强调自身职业生涯的管理,职业成功的衡量标准随之变化。科技工作者是高新技术的载体,具有较强的工作自主性及自我发展需求。研究突破以往从不同层面对科技工作者职业成功进行研究的视角,凸显其工作自主性及内在职业成功需求,构建了全新的职业成功影响因素理论模型,并结合相关课题数据对其进行验证。结果显示:科技工作者的个体特征、职业生涯的无边界性、生涯适应力对其职业成功影响显著;工作敬业度作为个体特征、职业生涯无边界性、生涯适应力的中介变量对科技工作者的职业成功产生显著影响。

  4. The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows - What do the learner know about clouds, precipitation, wind and greenhouse effect; a short review of research from 1883 to 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, P. J. K.

    2009-09-01

    If I had to reduce all of educational psychology to just one principle, I would say this: The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. Ascertain this and teach him accordingly. This famous quotation from David Ausubel in 1968 points out one of the fundaments for constructivism as theory of learning and knowledge, and states a still common held teaching approach. The first one found to investigate "what the learner already knows" about weather and climate elements, was the American pioneer psychologist Granville Stanley Hall in 1883, studying children of age 4 to 8. Since then many articles and books have been written on the same topics under different theories of learning, knowledge and teaching. Most outstanding are two books from Jean Piaget in 1926 and 1927, both including children's shifting ideas from age 3 to 12 about weather and climate elements and their causes. His books were the start of his lifelong work (till 1980) on what he called theory of Genetic Epistemology, another fundament of constructivism. Common features of Hall, Piaget and many other researches' discoveries are for instance that the youngest children (Piaget, J. 1930: The Child's Conception of Physical Causality. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co.LTD, London. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company. Oversettelse av La causalité physique chez l'enfant fra 1927. Piaget, J. 1977: The Child's Conception of the World. 2. Edition. Paladin, London. Oversettelse av La représentation du monde chez l'enfant fra 1926. Boyes, E. og M. Stanisstreet 1992: Students' Perceptions of Global Warming. International Journal of Environmental Studies. 1992, Vol.42, s.287-300. Hansen, P. J. K. 1989: Spørsmål om vær og meteorologi til elever i 9.klasse i Oslo-området i 1989. Oslo lærerhøgskoles skriftserie. Hefte nr.2/92, Oslo (Nå Høgskolen i Oslo, Avdeling for lærerutdanning). 1.opplag 1989, Oslo lærerhøgskole, Oslo. Hansen, P. J. K. 2009: Knowledge about the

  5. 基于弱分子间力超分子液晶性能影响因素分析%THE PERFORMANCE INFLUENCE FACTORS RESEARCH OF THE SUPRAMOLECULAR LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE POLYMERS BASED ON WEAKER INTERMOLECULAR FORCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵驰峰

    2012-01-01

    Supramolecular liquid crystalline was a various supramolecular liquid crystallines composite system, and it was constructed by the weaker intermolecular interaction of the hydrogen bondind, ion interaction, charge transfer interaction, hydrophobic interaction and vander waals force and so on. It was possesed dynamic reversibility, and depend on changing the structure to response the stimulation of the external environment(pressure, temperature, magnetic field, electric field, pH, light perception as well as chemical reaction, etc.) by means of association and disassociation of the hydrogen bond and the charge transfer. Furthermore, it was possesed dynamic functionality of the transmissibility of the quality or charge, the information stored functions, molecular sensing, environmental friendly character and low energy consumption processability, so it was the main tendency of the material scientific systems in the future. It was analysesed and researched the performance influence factors of supramolecular liquid crystalline composite system, and introduced the classification of the supramolecular liquid crystalline in this paper.%超分子液晶是利用氢键、离子相互作用、电荷转移相互作用、疏水相互作用及范德华力等弱分子间相互作用构筑的多种超分子液晶复合体系.这种弱分子间力具有动态可逆性,对外部环境(压力、温度、磁场、电场、pH值、光感、化学反应等)具有通过氢键的缔合与解缔合以及电荷转移来改变其结构的独特的响应刺激的功能特性.另外,利用弱分子间力构筑的超分子液晶复合体系具有质量或电荷传输性、传递性、信息储存功能、分子传感等动态功能性、环境友好性及低能耗加工性等特点,故该领域将是未来材料科学体系发展的主方向.本文对超分子液晶的性能影响因素进行了深入分析与研究,并对超分子液晶分类进行了介绍.

  6. Factors Influencing the Performance of Coal Briquettes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unsia HABIB

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The continuous supply of energy resources is essential for the development of any nation. The economic and social life of any nation depends enormously on the energy resources. Over the past few years the energy crisis is becoming a major issue in developing countries as Pakistan. Oil, Natural gas and hydro are the three major energy resources of the Pakistan. These conventional energy resources were being exploited in the past leading to an issue of energy crisis in the country. Replacing expensive imported energy resources with coal briquettes made from indigenous coal reserves can provide fuel for the local residential and commercial markets. Coal briquettes formation is a process to convert coal powder into a specific shape with the help of a binder. An external force is applied to the coal binder mixture to make a firm body of desired shape. The briquettes formed this way will not disintegrate under normal conditions of transportation and use. Coal briquettes are preferred over raw coal because they are a smokeless, strong and low emissive fuel that can be used in numerous domestic and commercial applications. The performance of coal briquettes formed is dependent largely upon its thermal properties and the mechanical strength. Nowadays an environmentally safe briquettes formation process is also included in the performance criteria of coal briquettes. The mechanical strength of coal briquettes affects its storage and transportation to the intended market. The studies on coal briquettes show that coal briquettes quality depends on many factors like the type of binder, quantity of binder, grade of coal, moisture level, coal particle size and its distribution etc. These factors along with some of the factors as time of compaction, compaction temperature, and compaction pressure and moisture level are discussed in this paper to evaluate the performance of briquetting technology in future.

  7. Social and economic factors influencing the patronage and use of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Social and economic factors influencing the patronage and use of complementary and alternative medicine in Enugu. ... Journal of Pharmacy & Bioresources ... approaches to medical treatment that are outside of mainstream medical training.

  8. Personal and Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Female Choice of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Personal and Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Female Choice of Courses in ... Female students in six (Arts, Education, Pharmacy, Science, Social Sciences and ... services to secondary school students in the choice of courses and career.

  9. Factors Influencing the Development of Practical Skills of Interns ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors Influencing the Development of Practical Skills of Interns Working in ... It starts with a good theoretical preparation and some practical experience at university. ... The relationship between intern and senior doctor was important when it ...

  10. Assessment of risk factors that influence pregnancy outcomes in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: Pregnancy outcome, low birth weight, Apgar score, maternal age, Tanzania ... (2006) reported that, several risk factors influence neonatal mortality. ..... which is the lowest cut off point for the classification of normal blood pressure.

  11. Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers' Adoption ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers' Adoption of Rice ... Farming experience, household size, farm size and extension contact ... gender, market availability, education, extension contact, labour availability and farm size.

  12. Factors Influencing Farmer Output in the International Fund for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kim

    Department of Rural Sociology and Extension. Michael Okpara ... This study analysed factors influencing International Fund for Agricultural. Development ..... farmers (50.9%) acquired secondary education as against Cross River IFAD farmers.

  13. Factors Influencing the Consumption of Pulses in Rural and Urban ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors Influencing the Consumption of Pulses in Rural and Urban Areas of Tanzania. ... Model results revealed that household sizes and education levels of the ... To increase the market share of pulses, traders should devise effective ...

  14. Characteristics and factors influencing fast food intake of young ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characteristics and factors influencing fast food intake of young adult consumers in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... their reasons for and frequency of fast food consumption, their specific fast food choices, and their attitudes towards health.

  15. LITERATURE REVIEW ON FACTORS INFLUENCING MILK PURCHASE BEHAVIOUR

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Klaudia Kurajdova; Janka Taborecka-Petrovicova

    2015-01-01

    In today’s highly informed, competitive and saturated market, a key to success of any business depends on knowing consumer and his consumption patterns and recognizing and understanding factors influencing...

  16. Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Work-Role Salience Among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Work-Role Salience Among ... The findings showed that students from lower socio-economic status homes and those ... The need to involve the students\\' parents in career education programmes and ...

  17. Factors Influencing Food Choice in the Elderly Mauritian Population

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    admpather

    Only the factor of taste influencing food choice was significantly different between the two ..... available through the media, promotions, and advertising may confuse consumers and cause ... Predictors of self-initiated, healthful dietary change.

  18. Factors Influencing the Consumption of Pulses in Rural and Urban ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    factors that influenced the extent of consumption in urban areas. In summary, the model .... model to control for self-selection bias because some potential consumers may ... accommodate consumer's zero value of purchase as an outcome of a ...

  19. Factors influencing utilization of Natural Family Planning among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors influencing utilization of Natural Family Planning among Child Bearing Women in Chilonga ... Medical Journal of Zambia ... The literature review was mainly obtained from studies conducted globally, regionally and Zambia inclusively.

  20. Factors influencing choice of paediatrics as a career among medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    female students (30%) considered gender distribution to be a factor influencing their career choice (p=0.046). ... role models in the specialty, job opportunities and financial .... of non-responder bias, although the relatively high response.

  1. Prevalence Of Early Childhood Malnutrition And Influencing Factors ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    therefore, to asses the prevalence of malnutrition and the factors influencing the ... childhood malnutrition in Kabarole District and other areas in Uganda, and ..... Jitta JJ, Migadde M and J Mudusu Determinants of Malnutrition in under-fives.

  2. INFLUENCING FACTORS OF PRICE AND ASSOCIATED STRATEGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Liviu NEAMTU; NEAMTU Adina Claudia

    2012-01-01

    The price is an important element in product position; it is a means of sending signals to consumers about the nature and quality of the product. When, for a certain business environment, the demand curve is known in relation to market (competition) costs and prices, the firm can choose a pricing policy simultaneously with business strategy. This study synthesizes the key-factors occurring in choosing a business strategy and the game of price and cost on the market As an approach to pricing p...

  3. Emotional Factors Influencing Students’ English Writing Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂勇伟

    2015-01-01

    As an international common language,English becomes more and more important.Students try their best to improve their English writing competence,especially as the social’s requirements for their English writing become higher and higher.However,students’English writing is very poor,fewer and fewer of them can write fluent English.Through the study of this topic,the author hopes it can remove students’emotional obstacles of English writing learning,master the direction of emotional factor,arouse students’interesting in learning oral English,make them practice English writing positively and obtain a better teaching effect

  4. Treatment Factors That Influence Mortality in Acromegaly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, John; Ayuk, John; Sherlock, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Acromegaly is a rare condition characterized by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH), which is almost always due to a pituitary adenoma. Acromegaly is associated with significant morbidity such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiomyopathy, obstructive sleep apnoea, malignancy and musculoskeletal abnormalities. Acromegaly has also been associated with increased mortality in several retrospective studies. This review will focus on the epidemiological data relating to mortality rates in acromegaly, the relationship between acromegaly and malignancy, the role of GH and insulin-like growth factor-I in assessing the risk of future mortality, and the impact of radiotherapy and hypopituitarism on mortality.

  5. factors influencing the choice of health care providing facility among

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unlike in developed countries, research on factors affecting ... the Research and Development (RAND) Corporation. ..... Goodman C. An economicanalysis of the retail .... Paper. 2010. Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine. Vol. 11 No.

  6. [Discussion on the influence of factors related organic on Deqi in acupuncture treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Liu, Yu-Qi; Li, Chun-Hua; Yuan, Hong-Wen; Zhang, Peng; Lin, Chi; Xin, Si-Yuan; Guo, Zheng-Rong; Ma, Liang-Xiao; Zhu, Jiang

    2013-04-01

    To discuss the influence of factors related organic on deqi in acupuncture treatment and provide scientific evidence for further research on the influencing factors of deqi sensation. China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, VIP-Chinese scientific and technological journal database, Chinese biological medical (CBM) database and PubMed database were retrieved. There were 30 articles about the organic influencing factors of deqi and they were analyzed. The organic related factors which includes individual constitution, syndrome classification, physical condition, specificity of acupoint function, tolerance and psychological factors play an important part in deqi in acupancture treatment, which should be brought to the forefront for acupuncture practitioners and researchers. The organic factors are influencing the deqi sensation in many ways but most of the present studies are resting on the affirmation of the phenomenon. Further studies about organic related influencing factors on deqi should be carried out and scientific, objective indices of deqi sensation should be explored which may improve the clinical and research level of acupuncture.

  7. Factors influencing consumer satisfaction with health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, Satish P; Deshpande, Samir S

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that impact consumer satisfaction with health care. This is a secondary analysis of the Center for Studying Health System Change's 2010 Health Tracking Household Survey. Regression analysis was used to examine the impact of treatment issues, financial issues, family-related issues, sources of health care information, location, and demographics-related factors on satisfaction with health care. The study involved 12280 subjects, 56% of whom were very satisfied with their health care, whereas 66% were very satisfied with their primary care physician. Fourteen percent of the subjects had no health insurance; 34% of the subjects got their health care information from the Web. Satisfaction with primary care physician, general health status, promptness of visit to doctor, insurance type, medical cost per family, annual income, persons in family, health care information from friends, and age significantly impacted satisfaction with health care. The regression models accounted for 23% of the variance in health care satisfaction. Satisfaction with primary care physicians, health insurance, and general health status are the 3 most significant indicators of an individual's satisfaction with health care.

  8. Research on Influence Factors of Truck-mounted Artillery Consistency at Maximum Range%车载炮最大射程地面密集度影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建中; 朱军; 张飞猛; 胡敬坤

    2011-01-01

    分析影响某型车载炮最大射程地面密集度的主要因素,并对在高低齿弧上的作用力和弹药的影响进行重点探讨,提出提高地面密集度试验精度的措施,为密集度试验方法改进提供了依据.%The main factors influencing the consistency at the maximum range of a type of truckmounted artillery are analyzed.Measures to improve the precision of the consistency test are suggested based on a detailed discussion of the influence of the force acting on the elevating gear arc and ammunition parameters in detail.The work provides a theoretical basis for improving the consistency test method for the truck-mounted artillery.

  9. ‘Festivalscape’ factors influencing visitors’ loyalty to an agri-festival in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Fourie

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The NAMPO Harvest Day is the largest festival of its kind in the southern hemisphere. To sustain the festival’s success, it is important to assess which ‘festivalscape’ f actors influence visitors’ loyalty.Research purpose: What combination of ‘festivalscape’ factors contributes to the loyalty ofvisitors to an agri-festival in South Africa?Motivation for the research: Agri-tourism is a relatively new concept and limited research has been done; thus this research makes a contribution to the current literature base on thetopic.Research approach and method: A probability sampling method was used during NAMPO Harvest Day 2014 to distribute 422 questionnaires by means of stratified sample. Factor analysis was performed to identify the ‘festivalscape’ factors that influence loyalty, after which structural equation modelling was applied to identify the relationships between thefactors and loyalty.Main findings: Nine loyalty factors were identified. The analysis revealed a direct positive relationship between loyalty and lifestyle, escape and socialisation as well as loyalty and agricultural exposure and education.Practical implications and contribution: This research gives valuable insights into the ‘festivalscape’ factors that influence loyalty to an agri-festival in South Africa. Loyalty amongst visitors can be created through the management of a variety of factors. The findings from this research can be used by similar agri-festivals in the country to create loyalty amongst visitors as well as to give exposure to the agri-sector.

  10. Factors influencing the intention to watch online video advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joonghwa; Lee, Mira

    2011-10-01

    This study examines the factors influencing consumer intention to watch online video ads, by applying the theory of reasoned action. The attitude toward watching online video ads, the subjective norm, and prior frequency of watching online video ads positively influence the intention to watch online video ads. Further, beliefs held about entertainment and information outcomes from watching online video ads and subjective norm influence attitude toward watching these ads.

  11. Factors Influencing the Disabled's Employment in the Competitive Labour Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannila, Simo

    1995-01-01

    Factors influencing the job search outcomes of 1,353 Finnish individuals with disabilities were studied, focusing on age, gender, domicile, basic education, vocational training, and type of disability. Results showed that age, education, and domicile influenced outcomes, and labor market status was to some extent gender specific. (JDD)

  12. STUDY ON FACTORS INFLUENCING INK ABSORPTION OF COATED PAPER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanxin Liu; Chuanshan Zhao; Shuxia Shang; Zhongwei Sun

    2004-01-01

    Ink absorption is one of the most important factors which influence printing properties. This article had discussed the influence of coating properties,technologies of heating and pressure etc. on ink absorption and showed that ink absorption can be adjusted and coating surface structure can be improved when technologies of heating and pressure change, pigment and adhesive altered.

  13. Linguistic Factors Influencing Speech Audiometric Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coene, Martine; Krijger, Stefanie; Meeuws, Matthias; De Ceulaer, Geert; Govaerts, Paul J

    2016-01-01

    In speech audiometric testing, hearing performance is typically measured by calculating the number of correct repetitions of a speech stimulus. We investigate to what extent the repetition accuracy of Dutch speech stimuli presented against a background noise is influenced by nonauditory processes. We show that variation in verbal repetition accuracy is partially explained by morpholexical and syntactic features of the target language. Verbs, prepositions, conjunctions, determiners, and pronouns yield significantly lower correct repetitions than nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The reduced repetition performance for verbs and function words is probably best explained by the similarities in the perceptual nature of verbal morphology and function words in Dutch. For sentences, an overall negative effect of syntactic complexity on speech repetition accuracy was found. The lowest number of correct repetitions was obtained with passive sentences, reflecting the cognitive cost of processing a noncanonical sentence structure. Taken together, these findings may have important implications for the audiological practice. In combination with hearing loss, linguistic complexity may increase the cognitive demands to process sentences in noise, leading to suboptimal functional hearing in day-to-day listening situations. Using test sentences with varying degrees of syntactic complexity may therefore provide useful information to measure functional hearing benefits.

  14. Physical factors influence for biologic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piruzyan, L. A.

    2005-08-01

    Physical methods are widely spread in diagnostics and therapy of different pathologies, especially in oncology. The application of lasers occurred to be the perspective approach for combined methods application in medicine. Our work is devoted to investigation of thermal effect of focused laser beam in the model of Garding-Passi melanoma and also to the study of free radicals activity after the radiation with non-focused laser beam. The histologic alterations correlated with theoretical calculations of temperature distribution in irradiated tissue for energies 30-60 J attracted our interest. The values of maximal temperatures in depths of tissue for energies 30-60 J were carried out. In the model of permanent magnetic field (PMF) effect for mice ascites sarcoma 37 we have showed the linear dependence of tumor growth inhibition from the period of PMF treatment. Simultaneously we investigated PMF influence for free radical"s (FR) concentrations in mice organs and tissues and potentially appearing questions of PMF effect for biopotential in connection with FR formation. We have also studied the alterations of K, Na and Ca ions concentrations in ascetic fluids after animal"s PMF treatment. We revealed some reasons of biopotential generation and concluded that biopotential is not the result of specific ions gradient only but its generation can be followed by free radicals states appearance and occurrence of semi-conductivity in biostructures.

  15. Factors influencing crime rates: an econometric analysis approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bothos, John M. A.; Thomopoulos, Stelios C. A.

    2016-05-01

    The scope of the present study is to research the dynamics that determine the commission of crimes in the US society. Our study is part of a model we are developing to understand urban crime dynamics and to enhance citizens' "perception of security" in large urban environments. The main targets of our research are to highlight dependence of crime rates on certain social and economic factors and basic elements of state anticrime policies. In conducting our research, we use as guides previous relevant studies on crime dependence, that have been performed with similar quantitative analyses in mind, regarding the dependence of crime on certain social and economic factors using statistics and econometric modelling. Our first approach consists of conceptual state space dynamic cross-sectional econometric models that incorporate a feedback loop that describes crime as a feedback process. In order to define dynamically the model variables, we use statistical analysis on crime records and on records about social and economic conditions and policing characteristics (like police force and policing results - crime arrests), to determine their influence as independent variables on crime, as the dependent variable of our model. The econometric models we apply in this first approach are an exponential log linear model and a logit model. In a second approach, we try to study the evolvement of violent crime through time in the US, independently as an autonomous social phenomenon, using autoregressive and moving average time-series econometric models. Our findings show that there are certain social and economic characteristics that affect the formation of crime rates in the US, either positively or negatively. Furthermore, the results of our time-series econometric modelling show that violent crime, viewed solely and independently as a social phenomenon, correlates with previous years crime rates and depends on the social and economic environment's conditions during previous years.

  16. [Influencing factor and mechanism analysis of adverse drug reaction in traditional Chinese medicine injection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xu; Xie, Yan-Ming

    2012-09-01

    Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is the key contents in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injection safety research. However, influencing factors of ADR is not clearly, mechanism research is relatively rare, which are to be found in the literature to date. Qualified drugs and normal usage and dosage are the premise condition of ADR judgment. Age, sex, basic diseases, allergic constitution or drug allergy history are common factors. Kinds of solvent, drug concentration, storage time after liquid drug preparation, dripping speed, incompatibility of TCM injection and clinical commonly used medicine are the major ADR research factors. Adverse events mechanism should be synthetically judged by pre-clinical research, clinical manifestation, drug epidemiological trials results. In order to judge and study ADR correctly, It should be acquainted with TCM injection adverse events or ADR influencing factors,improve injection specification, and pay attention to the ADR mechanism, promote post-marketed reevaluation of safety in TCM injection.

  17. Exploring factors influencing smoking behaviour in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheah, Yong Kang; Naidu, Balkish Mahadir

    2012-01-01

    The objective of present study is to investigate the determinants of smoking behaviour among adults in Malaysia. Findings of the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS-3) by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia, were used. The sample consisted of 34,539 observations. A logistic regression model was thus applied to estimate the probability to participate in smoking. Age, income, gender, marital status, ethnicity, employment status, residential area, education, lifestyle and health status were statistically significant in affecting the likelihood of smoking. Specifically, youngsters, low income earners, males, unmarried individuals, Malays, employed individuals, rural residents and primary educated individuals were more likely to smoke. In conclusion, socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors have significant impacts on smoking participation in Malaysia. Based on these empirical findings, several policy implications are suggested.

  18. Factors influencing dependence on mobile phone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad-Hossein Biglu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of current study was to investigate the relationship between the problematic use of mobile phone and Big Five personality traits among students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A total number of 120 students (80 females and 40 males were selected by applying proportional randomized classification sampling method from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. The Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS and demographic questionnaire were used to gather data. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Analysis of gathered data showed that gender, neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience had positive correlation with the problematic use of mobile phone, whereas conscientiousness and agreeableness were not correlated with the problematic use of mobile phone. Conclusion: The evaluation of Big Five personality traits would be a reliable factor for predicting the problematic use of mobile phone among students.

  19. Factors influencing citizen participation in community management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shamai

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of this study is to assess the factors affecting citizen participation in community management in district 13 of Tehran Municipality. Measured variables are: social cohesion, profitable partnerships, social-economic agencies, trust among civilians, trust in municipality management, feelings of powerlessness and social anomie. The results of the implementation of Pearson correlation test show that all of these variables had significant relationships with community participation in neighborhood management. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that three variables of social cohesion, profitable partnerships and socio-economic status had explained 37% of changes in citizen participation in community management while the changing social cohesion maintained the highest impact.

  20. Factors influencing excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago de Souza Vilela

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: Sleep deprivation in adolescents has lately become a health issue that tends to increase with higher stress prevalence, extenuating routines, and new technological devices that impair adolescents' bedtime. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the excessive sleepiness frequency and the factors that might be associated to it in this population. Methods: The cross-sectional study analyzed 531 adolescents aged 10–18 years old from two private schools and one public school. Five questionnaires were applied: the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire; the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children; the Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria; the General Health and Sexual Maturation Questionnaire; and the Physical Activity Questionnaire. The statistical analyses were based on comparisons between schools and sleepiness and non-sleepiness groups, using linear correlation and logistic regression. Results: Sleep deprivation was present in 39% of the adolescents; sleep deficit was higher in private school adolescents (p < 0.001, and there was a positive correlation between age and sleep deficit (p < 0.001; r = 0.337. Logistic regression showed that older age (p = 0.002; PR: 1.21 [CI: 1.07–1.36] and higher score level for sleep hyperhidrosis in the sleep disturbance scale (p = 0.02; PR: 1.16 [CI: 1.02–1.32] were risk factors for worse degree of sleepiness. Conclusions: Sleep deficit appears to be a reality among adolescents; the results suggest a higher prevalence in students from private schools. Sleep deprivation is associated with older age in adolescents and possible presence of sleep disorders, such as sleep hyperhidrosis.

  1. Factors influencing weight gain after renal transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C P; Gallagher-Lepak, S; Zhu, Y R; Porth, C; Kelber, S; Roza, A M; Adams, M B

    1993-10-01

    Weight gain following renal transplantation occurs frequently but has not been investigated quantitatively. A retrospective chart review of 115 adult renal transplant recipients was used to describe patterns of weight gain during the first 5 years after transplantation. Only 23 subjects (21%) were overweight before their transplant. Sixty-six subjects (57%) experienced a weight gain of greater than or equal to 10%, and 49 subjects (43%) were overweight according to Metropolitan relative weight criteria at 1 year after transplantation. There was an inverse correlation between advancing age and weight gain, with the youngest patients (18-29 years) having a 13.3% weight gain and the oldest patients (age greater than 50 years) having the lowest gain of 8.3% at 1 year (P = 0.047). Black recipients experienced a greater weight gain than whites during the first posttransplant year (14.6% vs. 9.0%; P = 0.043), and maintained or increased this difference over the 5-year period. Men and women experienced comparable weight gain during the first year (9.5% vs. 12.1%), but women continued to gain weight throughout the 5-year study (21.0% total weight gain). The men remained stable after the first year (10.8% total weight gain). Recipients who experienced at least a 10% weight gain also increased their serum cholesterol (mean 261 vs. 219) and triglyceride (mean 277 vs. 159) levels significantly, whereas those without weight gain did not. Weight gain did not correlate with cumulative steroid dose, donor source (living-related versus cadaver), rejection history, pre-existing obesity, the number of months on dialysis before transplantation, or posttransplant renal function. Posttransplant weight gain is related mainly to demographic factors, not to treatment factors associated with the transplant. The average weight gain during the first year after renal transplantation is approximately 10%. This increased weight, coupled with changes in lipid metabolism, may be significant in

  2. 肠造口病人生活质量影响因素研究现况%Research status quo of influencing factors of qual ity of l ife of patients with colostomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷; 陈湘玉

    2014-01-01

    It summarized the definition and status quo of quality of life of patients with colostomy.It expounded the influence of demographic,physi-cal,psychological,social factors and self care ability on the quality of life of patients with colostomy.%简述了生活质量定义及肠造口病人的现状,综述了人口学因素、生理因素、心理因素、社会因素及自护能力对肠造口病人生活质量的影响。

  3. 老人院老年人孤独感与依恋的现状及其影响因素研究%Research on status quo of loneliness and attachment of the elderly at retirement home and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩倩; 张青; 陈秋杏; 王亚楠; 傅涵涵; 龚雪; 黄毅

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the status quo of loneliness and attachment of the elderly at retirement home and its influencing factors and probe into the relationship between loneliness and attachment of the elderly at re-tirement home.Methods:A survey was conducted on A total of 150 elderly people were drew out in retirement home in Wuhan city and were investigated with Intimacy Experience Scale and elderly loneliness questionnaires. Results:Gender,with or without children,monthly income and self care ability were the influencing factors of the elderly’s loneliness.Education level and monthly income were the influencing factors of the elderly’s attach-ment anxiety.Attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety were positively correlated with loneliness.Conclu-sion:Retirement home should make measures based on the influencing factors of the elderly’s loneliness,so as to reduce the elderly's attachment avoidance and medical anxiety and improve their mental health level.%[目的]分析老人院老年人孤独感和依恋的现状及其影响因素,探讨老人院老年人孤独感与依恋的关系。[方法]抽取141名武汉市老人院老年人,采用亲密关系体验量表和老年人孤独感问卷进行问卷调查。[结果]性别、有无子女、月收入、自我照顾能力是老年人孤独感的影响因素,受教育程度和月收入是老年人依恋焦虑的影响因素;依恋回避、依恋焦虑与孤独感呈正相关。[结论]老人院应针对老年人孤独感的影响因素制定策略,减轻老年人的依恋回避和依恋焦虑,提高其心理健康水平。

  4. Fish consumption preferences and factors influencing it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ferit Can

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Fish consumption preferences are affected by individuals’ socioeconomic characteristics. The aims of the present paper were (i to obtain information on fish consumption level and frequency; (ii to investigate the associations between the socioeconomic characteristics of consumers and their preferences; and (iii to examine the influence of determinants on fish consumption. Data were gathered through a questionnaire completed by a total of 127 randomly selected individuals from different socioeconomic backgrounds from the Antakya, Turkey. The average consumption was found to be 2.98 kg/person/year for fish. Anchovies, gilt-head sea bream, and sea bass were reported as the most consumed three species, respectively. Significant differences in fish consumption were found among age groups, gender groups, and education groups, as well as between marital statuses. A majority of the consumers eat fish once a month throughout the year or only during the winter months. Fish consumption level and frequency were significantly positively correlated with education (p<0.01, income (p<0.05 and total meat consumption (p<0.01. The stepwise multiple regression model explained 41.7% (p<0.01 of the total variance for fish consumption. The amount and frequency of the consumption in the region, which is very far below the world and Turkey average especially for lower socioeconomic groups and for less-consumed fish species, can be increased by certain policies, such as training, advertising and different marketing strategies. Moreover, consumption should be distributed equally throughout the year instead of consuming only in certain seasons.

  5. What factors influence scientific and technological output: The case of Thailand and Malaysia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beaudry, C.; St-Pierre, C.

    2016-07-01

    The paper aims to examine the factors that impact scientific outputs and technological outcomes in two Asian countries, Malaysia and Thailand. Using a survey instrument sent to young scientists in these two countries, we find that devoting a higher proportion of time to teaching, which we associate with career maturity, raising a greater proportion of research funds from international sources and collaborating more often at the national level are the main factors that influence research output. In addition, the survey shows that men are slightly more prolific than women in terms of research output, but the difference is not statistically significant. Moreover, once we account for a variety of factors that influence scientific production, our research does not give credence to the common argument that female researchers are less prolific, with one exception, however, women who have more children are less productive than their male counterparts. (Author)

  6. The Research Process of Influence Factors of Wound Healing and Their Nursing Intervention%伤口愈合的影响因素及护理干预的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敖洁

    2015-01-01

    Improper wound care will cause infection, wound healing prolonged and even severe complications such as systemic infection sepsis. Wound healing is affected by many factors, this article would summarize the literatures that about the influence factors of wound healing and raise some related nursing interventions, in order to make the wound coalesced as soon as possible.%伤口护理不当可发生感染、伤口愈合延长,甚至引起全身感染败血症等严重并发症。伤口愈合受多种因素影响,本文综合文献报道针对伤口愈合的影响因素提出相关护理干预措施,以期促进伤口尽快愈合。

  7. Evaluation of Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Consumer Buying Behaviour of Clothes in Borno State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawan A. Lawan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available his study assesses cultural factors influencing consumer buying behaviour of clothes in Borno state, Nigeria. It was specifically carried out to examine consumer buying decision making process and assess cultural, economic as well as personal factors influencing clothes buying behavior. Data for the study were gathered through structured questionnaire administered by the researcher with the help of two research assistants, on a sample of 192 clothes buyers, out of which, 174 were duly filled and returned. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi square, Analysis of variance and multi-stage regression. Findings revealed a highly significant influence of cultural factors (T=14.83, P<0.000 on consumer buying behaviour of which the relative regression coefficient influences equivalence of societal norms (24.6% was the highest. The findings also indicated a highly significant influence of economic factors (T=11.89, P<0.000 factor on consumer buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence exerted by income (20%. The study further revealed that age was the sole personal (endogenous factor variable influencing buying behaviour with the highest relative regression coefficient influence equivalence of over 65%. The study concluded that culture, either acting independently or in conjunction with economic and personal factors significantly influences buying behaviour of clothes. It was recommended that marketing managers should take cognizance of the fact that socio-cultural factors are some of the fundamental determinants of a person’s want and behavior and should therefore be considered when designing clothes for their markets.

  8. MARKETING MIX FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE DESIRE TO PURCHASE FRUIT BEVERAGES IN THE CITY OF BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Iffatul Ulfah; Ujang Sumarwan; Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of this research were 1) to analyze marketing mix factors that influence the desire to purchase fruit beverages, 2) to formulate the marketing strategies of fruit beverages at restaurant based on fruit beverages in the city of Bogor. This research was conducted by using descriptive methods through survey approach. Data was collected in questionnaires, using non probability sample approach with convenience sampling technique. Variables measured  were 7P’s marketing mix factors, ...

  9. Factors influencing phototaxis in nocturnal migrating birds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xuebing; Chen, Mingyan; Wu, Zhaolu; Wang, Zijiang

    2014-12-01

    Many migratory bird species fly during the night (nocturnal migrants) and have been shown to display some phototaxis to artificial light. During 2006 to 2009, we investigated phototaxis in nocturnal migrants at Jinshan Yakou in Xinping County (N23°56', E101°30'; 2400 m above sea-level), and at the Niaowang Mountain in Funing County (N23°30', E105°35'; 1400 m above sea-level), both in the Yunnan Province of Southwest China. A total of 5069 birds, representing 129 species, were captured by mist-netting and artificial light. The extent of phototaxis effect on bird migration was examined during all four seasons, three phases of the moon, and under two weather conditions (mist and wind). Data were statistically analyzed to determine the extent to which these factors may impact phototaxis of nocturnal migrants. The results point to phototaxis in birds migrating in the spring and autumn, especially in the autumn. Furthermore, migrating birds were more readily attracted to artificial lights during nights with little moonlight, mist, and a headwind. Regardless of the initial orientation in which birds flew, either following the wind or against the wind, birds would always fly against the wind when flying towards the light. This study broadens our understanding of the nocturnal bird migration, potentially resulting in improved bird ringing practices, increased awareness, and better policies regarding bird protection.

  10. Factors influencing riverine fish assemblages in Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, David S.; Richards, Todd A.; Levin, Sara B.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, and the Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game, conducted an investigation of fish assemblages in small- to medium-sized Massachusetts streams. The objective of this study was to determine relations between fish-assemblage characteristics and anthropogenic factors, including impervious cover and estimated flow alteration, relative to the effects of environmental factors, including physical-basin characteristics and land use. The results of this investigation supersede those of a preliminary analysis published in 2010. Fish data were obtained for 669 fish-sampling sites from the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife fish-community database. A review of the literature was used to select fish metrics - species richness, abundance of individual species, and abundances of species grouped on life history traits - responsive to flow alteration. The contributing areas to the fish-sampling sites were delineated and used with a geographic information system to determine a set of environmental and anthropogenic factors that were tested for use as explanatory variables in regression models. Reported and estimated withdrawals and return flows were used together with simulated unaltered streamflows to estimate altered streamflows and indicators of flow alteration for each fish-sampling site. Altered streamflows and indicators of flow alteration were calculated on the basis of methods developed in a previous U.S. Geological Survey study in which unaltered daily streamflows were simulated for a 44-year period (water years 1961-2004), and streamflow alterations were estimated by use of water-withdrawal and wastewater-return data previously reported to the State for the 2000-04 period and estimated domestic-well withdrawals and septic-system discharges. A variable selection process, conducted using principal

  11. Understanding researchers' openness to external parties influencing academic research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olmos-Penuela, Julia; Benneworth, Paul; Castro-Martínez, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. This paper contributes to this debate by progressing beyond the idea that researchers engage with society simply because of direct ben

  12. Factors influencing Internet banking adoption in South African rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thinamano C. Ramavhona

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The banking industry globally provides Internet banking to offer their customers easy access to banking services. The banks in South Africa, like their counterparts in other parts of the world, offer Internet banking to customers. However, the majority of South Africans in rural areas do not adopt and use Internet banking despite its convenience, the availability of Internet banking infrastructure, the effort of banks in promoting Internet banking awareness and Internet security.Objectives: This research investigated factors which influence the adoption and use of Internet banking in the context of South African rural areas.Method: In this study, a quantitative research approach was used. Data were collected through questionnaires and analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS tool.Results: The perceived compatibility, trialability and external variables such as awareness and security were found to have significant influence in the adoption of Internet banking in South African rural areas, whereas relative advantage was found not to be a significant factor. Security and the complexity of Internet banking were also revealed as some of the factors hampering the intention to adopt Internet banking in South African rural areas.Conclusion: The lack of awareness on Internet banking services and its benefits such as its convenience and the possibility to conduct banking transactions from any location with Internet is found to be the reason for South African rural area retail bank consumers’ reluctance to adopt Internet banking. The majority of retail bank customers in South African rural areas do not use Internet banking because of the lack of resources, such as computers with Internet access. The security of transactions conducted over the Internet is the main concern and significant element that customers consider before adopting Internet banking in South African rural areas as they perceive it as being easily exposed

  13. Examining perspectives on telecare: factors influencing adoption, implementation, and usage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barrett D

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available David Barrett,1 Jonathan Thorpe,2 Nick Goodwin3 1Faculty of Health and Social Care, 2Knowledge Exchange, University of Hull, Hull, 3International Foundation for Integrated Care, Oxford, UK Abstract: Telecare, or the use of remote care technologies to support safe and independent living, offers great potential to mitigate the challenges faced in a time of changing demographics. By supporting people to live for longer in their own home, telecare can enhance quality of life, reduce reliance on institutional care settings, and reduce costs. Despite these potential opportunities, the adoption of telecare has not been as fast or widespread as it might have been. This article discusses some of the factors acting as drivers or barriers, which have influenced adoption and impacted on implementation. The implications of the availability of such a wide range of telecare applications is explored; this diversity of choice allows for services to be tailored to the specific needs of users, but also causes a tangled web of terminology that can lead to confusion and lack of clarity. In terms of the evidence base, although evaluations of telecare services often demonstrate a high level of cost benefit and user satisfaction, primary research findings are not as positive. This paper focuses particularly on the Whole System Demonstrator, a large-scale, randomized controlled trial that raised questions about the value and cost-effectiveness of telecare. The paper also discusses the ethical, governance, and resource issues associated with telecare implementation and the organizational complexities inherent in such exciting but challenging changes to services. The policy perspective is also summarized, highlighting how much of the adoption of telecare to date has been influenced by top-down initiatives. Telecare will continue to evolve as our understanding and the technology continue to develop. This paper provides information and advice for commissioners, providers

  14. Orifice plate cavitation mechanism and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan-zheng AI; Tian-ming DING

    2010-01-01

    The orifice plate energy dissipater is an economic and highly efficient dissipater.However,there is a risk of cavitaion around the orifice plate flow.In order to provide references for engineering practice,we examined the cavitation mechanism around the orifice plate and its influencing factors by utilizing mathematical analysis methods to analyze the flow conditions around the orifice plate in view of gas bubble dynamics.Through the research presented in this paper,the following can be observed:The critical radius and the critical pressure of the gas nucleus in orifice plate flow increase with its initial state parameter τ0;the development speed of bubbles stabilizes at a certain value after experiencing a peak value and a small valley value;and the orifice plate cavitation is closely related to the distribution of the gas nucleus in flow.For computing the orifice plate cavitation number,we ought to take into account the effects of pressure fluctuation.The development time of the gas nucleus from the initial radius to the critical radius is about10-7-10-5 s;therefore,the gas nucleus has sufficient time to develop into bubbles in the negative half-cycle of flow fluctuation.The orifice critical cavitation number is closely related to the orifice plate size,and especially closely related with the ratio of the orifice plate radius to the tunnel radius.The approximate formula for the critical cavitation number of the square orifice plate that only considers the main influencing factor was obtained by model experiments.

  15. 基于扎根理论的外语高校科研经费使用特征及影响因素%Grounded Theory-based Research Funding Foreign Universities Use Characteristics and Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨慧; 李杰

    2014-01-01

    随着高校科研经费的大幅增长,如何有效地使用科研经费成为社会各界关注的热点。外语高校作为国家“走出去”战略中重要的生力军,加强其科研经费的使用管理具有重要的现实意义。本文运用扎根理论,从科研经费管理和外语高校科研工作者的角度,通过对调查问卷和访谈对象资料的深入分析,提出了环境制度、科研经费管理、科研成果评价与科研工作者学术责任等三个影响科研经费有效使用的因素,对促进外语高校科研经费使用效率的提高具有重要的现实意义。%With the substantial increase in funding for university research, and how to effectively use it into the community focus of attention. Foreign universities as a national“going out”strategy, an important force, the use of research funding to strengthen its management has important practical significance. This paper uses grounded theory, research funding from the perspective of management and foreign languages university research workers, through in-depth analysis of the questionnaires and interviews object data, which the environmental system, management of research funding, research evaluation and research workers three academic responsibilities factors affecting the effective use of research funds, to promote the use of foreign language university research funding efficiency has important practical significance.

  16. Factors influencing ring closure through olefin metathesis - A perspective

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Subrata Ghosh; Sarita Ghosh; Niladri Sarkar

    2006-05-01

    Success of ring closure reactions of substrates having two terminal alkenes through olefin metathesis depends on a number of factors such as catalysts, nature and size of the rings to be formed and the substituents/functional groups present on the alkenes as well as at the allylic position. This article presents an overview of these influencing factors with illustrative examples.

  17. Professional Identity Development in Higher Education: Influencing Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbarà-i-Molinero, Alba; Cascón-Pereira, Rosalía; Hernández-Lara, Ana beatriz

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: In the last few years, the interest on professional identity development (PID) and the factors that influence PID has become central in higher education (HE) literature. However, the knowledge developed in this domain has focussed on a factor at a time and on a degree or discipline, thus being difficult to have a general picture of all…

  18. Influence of Psychological Factors on the Improvement of Spoken English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宁

    2013-01-01

      From learner's innermost feelings,the author attempts to elaborate the influences of psychological factors on improving the spoken language. The study of spoken English is a very complex process, which is affected easily by learner's linguistic environment and character. We can draw a conclusion that psychological factors are an important problem and cannot be neglected.

  19. Factors influencing societal response of nanotechnology : an expert stakeholder analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gupta, N.; Fischer, A.R.H.; Lans, van der I.A.; Frewer, L.J.

    2012-01-01

    Nanotechnology can be described as an emerging technology and, as has been the case with other emerging technologies such as genetic modification, different socio-psychological factors will potentially influence societal responses to its development and application. These factors will play an import

  20. The influence of motivational factors on choice behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Amelsfort, D.H.; Steg, L.; Bliemer, M.C.J.; Schuitema, G.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we investigate if and how motivational factors influence choice behaviour. We study four motivational factors: attitude towards car use, personal norm to reduce car use, car use habit, and perceived behavioural control to change car use to explain the choice behaviour of respondents in

  1. Using mixed methods to identify factors influencing patient flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Vaerenbergh, Cindy

    2009-11-01

    An effective method of identifying operational factors that influence patient flow can potentially lead to improvements and thus have huge benefits on the efficiency of hospital departments. This paper presents a new inductive mixed-method approach to identify operational factors that influence patient flow through an accident and emergency (A&E) department. Preliminary explorative observations were conducted, followed by semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders. A questionnaire survey of all medical, nursing, porter and clerical staff was then conducted. The observations provided factors for further exploration: skill-mix, long working hours, equipment availability, lack of orientation programmes, inefficient IT use and issues regarding communication structures. Interviewees highlighted several factors, including availability of medical supervision and senior nursing staff, nursing documentation issues, lack of morale due to overcrowding, personality differences and factors relating to the department layout. The questionnaire respondents strongly supported the importance of the previously identified factors. This paper demonstrates an effective mixed-method approach that can be replicated by other health-care managers to identify factors influencing patient flow. Further benefits include increased volume and quality of data, increased staff awareness for the influence of internal factors on patient flow and enhancing the evidence base for future decision making when prioritizing A&E projects.

  2. Psychosocial Factors Influencing Competency of Children's Statements on Sexual Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Tae Kyung; Choi, Soul; Shin, Yee Jin

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The objectives of this study are to assess children's competence to state their traumatic experience and to determine psychosocial factors influencing the competency of children's statements, such as emotional factors of children and parents and trauma-related variables, in Korean child sex abuse victims. Methods: We enrolled 214…

  3. Factors Influencing Technology Planning in Developing Countries: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keengwe, Jared; Malapile, Sandy

    2014-01-01

    This article is a literature review concerning the factors that play an important role in the development of educational technology plans in the educational system of developing countries (DCs). Largely, the technology plans are influenced by factors that emanates from within the country (internal) and those outside of their borders (external).…

  4. Factors that Influence Students' Decision to Dropout of Online Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willging, Pedro A.; Johnson, Scott D.

    2009-01-01

    Although there are many reasons why students dropout of college courses, those reasons may be unique for students who are enrolled in an online program. Issues of isolation, disconnectedness, and technological problems may be factors that influence a student to leave a course. To understand these factors, an online survey was developed to collect…

  5. FACTORS INFLUENCING YIELD SPREADS OF THE MALAYSIAN BONDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norliza Ahmad

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysian bond market is developing rapidly but not much is understood in terms of macroeconomic factors that could influence the yield spread of the Ringgit Malaysian denominated bonds. Based on a multifactor model, this paper examines the impact of four macroeconomic factors namely: Kuala Lumpur Composite Index (KLCI, Industry Production Index (IPI, Consumer Price Index (CPI and interest rates (IR on bond yield spread of the Malaysian Government Securities (MGS and Corporate Bonds (CBs for a period from January 2001 to December 2008. The findings support the expected hypotheses that CPI and IR are the major drivers that influence the changes in MGS yield spreads. However IPI and KLCI have weak and no influence on MGS yield spreads respectively Whilst IR, CPI and IPI have significant influence on the yield spreads of CB1, CB2 and CB3, KLCI has significant influence only on the CB1 yield spread but not on CB2 and CB3 yield spreads.

  6. 大型综合医院患者就医选择影响因素的调查研究%Research and Analysis of Influencing Factors on the Patient's Medical Treatment Selection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕凌; 穆云庆; 陈黎明; 李书章

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the influencing factors of medical treatment selection of patients. Methods A series of surveys with self-made questionnaire were conducted. Results In all the influencing factors of medical treatment selection of patients, the proportions sorted by descending order were: quality of medical care, reasonable medical expenses, medical ethics, convenience of traffic and the service attitude. Conclusions Many aspects such as level of medical technology, medical ethics, quality of service, technical equipment and the hospital environment should be improved to attract patients.%目的 了解哪些因素会影响患者选择医院就医.方法采用自行设计的问卷调查表,对患者进行一系列的问卷调查.结果影响患者就医选择的因素中,医疗技术水平所占比例最高,其次是医院的收费是否合理、医德医风、交通便利性、医护人员服务态度等因素.结论为了吸引更多的患者前来就医,医院应注重医疗质量,加强医德医风教育和医患沟通,改善医院交通环境,加大宣传力度.

  7. EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON MACROECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCES ON CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF LISTED AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES%宏观经济因素对我国农业上市公司资本结构影响的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马巾英

    2011-01-01

    农业上市公司的资本结构是否合理对公司的发展起着很重要的作用.而资本结构不止受到企业规模、盈利能力、成长能力等企业内部因素的影响,而且还会受到外部经济环境的影响.主要从经济增长、通货膨胀、政府财政支出、实际利率水平等宏观经济因素来分析对我国农业上市公司资本结构的影响.%Whether the capital structure of the agricultural listed company is reasonable or not plays a significant role in their development .But the capital structure is not only effected by the internal business factors such as business scale, profitability, growth ability and so on, but also influenced by the external business environment.This paper describes how the external economic environment influences the capital structure of agricultural listed companies, especially macroeconomic factors such as economic growth, inflation, government expenditure,real interest rate etc.

  8. 低碳交通电动汽车碳减排潜力及其影响因素分析%Research on Carbon Reduction Potential of Electric Vehicles for Low-Carbon Transportation and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施晓清; 李笑诺; 杨建新

    2013-01-01

    electric vehicles, this paper analyzed the factors affecting carbon emissions reduction. Combining with electric vehicles promotion program in Beijing, the paper analyzed carbon emissions and reduction potential of electric vehicles in six scenarios using the optimized energy consumption related carbon emissions model from the perspective of fuel life cycle. The scenarios included power energy structure, fuel type (energy consumption per 100 km), car type ( CO2 emission factor of fuel), urban traffic conditions (speed), coal-power technologies and battery type (weight, energy efficiency). The results showed that the optimized model was able to estimate carbon emissions caused by fuel consumption more reasonably; electric vehicles had an obvious restrictive carbon reduction potential with the fluctuation of 57% -81. 2% in the analysis of six influencing factors, while power energy structure and coal-power technologies play decisive roles in life-cycle carbon emissions of electric vehicles with the reduction potential of 78. 1% and 81.2% , respectively. Finally, some optimized measures were proposed to reduce transport energy consumption and carbon emissions during electric vehicles promotion including improving energy structure and coal technology, popularizing energy saving technologies and electric vehicles, accelerating the battery R&D and so on. The research provides scientific basis and methods for the policy development for the transition of new energy vehicles in low-carbon transport.

  9. Measurement of the Service Quality of Market Research Enterprises and Screening of Key Influence Factors%市场调研企业服务质量的测量与关键影响因素筛选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓慧超; 原小宇

    2016-01-01

    市场调研行业发展迅速,企业间的竞争也愈发激烈,提高服务质量是市场调研企业提高竞争力的有效途径.针对市场调研行业的特点,以SERVQUAL服务质量测量模型为基础,设计合适的模型为调研企业服务质量的测量提供参考.然后采用偏最小二乘回归方法筛选影响市场调研企业服务质量的关键因素.通过对RS市场调研公司的实证研究,验证了测量模型的有效性,并针对筛选出的影响RS公司服务质量的关键因素提出改进建议,以期提高客户满意度,扩大市场占有率.%The market research industry is developing rapidly and the competitions among enterprises have become more and more fierce. So improving the service quality is an effective way to improve the competitiveness of market research enterprises. In this paper, an appropriate model was designed based on the SERVQUAL measurement model, to provide reference for measuring the service quality of market research enterprises. Then the PLS regression method was used to screen the key factors affecting the service quality of market research enterprises. The empirical research on the RS market research firm verifies the validity of the measurement model. At last, this paper puts forward recommendations about how to improve customer satisfaction and expand market share based on the key factors affecting the service quality of RS firm.

  10. Factors influencing nursing career choices and choice of study program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haron, Yafa; Reicher, Sima; Riba, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    In advance of a recruitment campaign, Israeli first-year nursing students of all ethnicities were surveyed to elucidate what factors had influenced them to make nursing their career and what sort of training track they preferred. The responses made it clear that different factors influence different groups differently. There were noticeable differences by gender, age, and ethnicity. Overall, training institutions were chosen for their closeness to the student's home but other factors also operated among particular groups, such as institutional prestige and flexible entry criteria. There was a blatant preference for academic, particularly university-sited, programs over diploma programs.

  11. A Discussion on Motivation Factor Influencing Second Language Acquisition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛芊芊

    2016-01-01

    Various characteristics can influence students'second language acquisition and language development, which in-cludes age, gender, personality, cognitive ability, motivation, learning strategies and so on. Among all these factors mentioned, motivation factor that is categorized into learner factors affects learner's learning effect to a great extent. In this paper, motiva-tion characteristic that influences second language learning are discussed. At last, some strategies on the real classroom teaching application are provided after the discussion, which aims at making contribution to the second language teaching process as well as students'language development.

  12. Contextual factors influencing the implementation of the obstetrics hemorrhage initiative in Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vamos, C A; Thompson, E L; Cantor, A; Detman, L; Bronson, E; Phelps, A; Louis, J M; Gregg, A R; Curran, J S; Sappenfield, W

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the multilevel contextual factors that influenced the implementation of the Obstetric Hemorrhage Initiative (OHI) among hospitals in Florida. A qualitative evaluation was conducted via in-depth interviews with multidisciplinary hospital staff (n=50) across 12 hospitals. Interviews were guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research and analyzed in Atlas.ti using rigorous qualitative analysis procedures. Factors influencing OHI implementation were present across process (leadership engagement; engaging people; planning; reflecting), inner setting (for example, knowledge/beliefs; resources; communication; culture) and outer setting (for example, cosmopolitanism) levels. Moreover, factors interacted across levels and were not mutually exclusive. Leadership and staff buy-in emerged as important components influencing OHI implementation across disciplines. Key contextual factors found to influence OHI implementation experiences can be useful in informing future quality improvement interventions given the institutional and provider-level behavioral changes needed to account for evolving the best practices in perinatology.

  13. Analysis of Influencing Factors for the Occurence of Delirium in Patients with Severe Burns and Related Nursing Research%重度烧伤患者谵妄发生影响因素分析及护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海英; 曾郞平; 麦秋芳

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析重度烧伤患者谵妄发生的影响因素,并进行针对性的护理;研究针对性护理的效果。方法200例谵妄患者用传统护理的方法,并研究谵妄发生的影响因素。100例谵妄患者采用针对性护理,比较传统护理和针对性护理的效果。结果年龄、病因以及受损重要部位三者是重度烧伤患者谵妄发生的影响因素(P<0.05)。针对性护理的护理效果优于传统护理(P<0.05)。结论年龄、病因以及受损重要部位三者是重度烧伤患者谵妄发生的影响因素,而针对性护理为最佳护理策略。%Objective To analyze influencing factors of the occurrence of delirium in patients with severe burns, and to explore the efficacy of targeted care. Methods We assigned 200 cases of patients with delirium to traditional nursing care and studied the delirium risk factors. Another 100 cases of patients with delirium received targeted nursing care. The primary outcome was the comparison of the efficacy of traditional nursing and targeted care. Results Age, pathogenic factors, and damaged parts influenced the occurence of delirium in patients with severe burns (P <0.05). Targeted care was superior to the traditional nursing (P <0.05). Conclusions Age, pathogenic factors, and damaged parts influenced the occurence of delirium in patients with severe burns. Targeted nursing is the best care strategy to choose.

  14. Taxonomy of factors which influence heavy metal build-up on urban road surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, An; Gunawardana, Chandima; Gunawardena, Janaka; Egodawatta, Prasanna; Ayoko, Godwin A; Goonetilleke, Ashantha

    2016-06-01

    Heavy metals build-up on urban road surfaces is a complex process and influenced by a diverse range of factors. Although numerous research studies have been conducted in the area of heavy metals build-up, limited research has been undertaken to rank these factors in terms of their influence on the build-up process. This results in limitations in the identification of the most critical factor/s for accurately estimating heavy metal loads and for designing effective stormwater treatment measures. The research study undertook an in-depth analysis of the factors which influence heavy metals build-up based on data generated from a number of different geographical locations around the world. Traffic volume was found to be the highest ranked factor in terms of influencing heavy metals build-up while land use was ranked the second. Proximity to arterial roads, antecedent dry days and road surface roughness has a relatively lower ranking. Furthermore, the study outcomes advances the conceptual understanding of heavy metals build-up based on the finding that with increasing traffic volume, total heavy metal build-up load increases while the variability decreases. The outcomes from this research study are expected to contribute to more accurate estimation of heavy metals build-up loads leading to more effective stormwater treatment design.

  15. Which factors influence women in the decision to breastfeed?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cândida Canicali Primo

    Full Text Available Objective.Identify the factors that influence women in the decision to breastfeed. Methods. Integrative review. Information was gathered from original articles, case studies, theoretical studies, consensus and systematic reviews published between 2007-2013 in Spanish, Portuguese and English and recovered in the databases MEDLINE and LILACS. The descriptors used in this study were: breastfeeding, maternal behavior, risk factors, lactation and newborn. Results. Were included 30 articles, grouped into five categories. Factors influencing the decision of the breastfeeding woman are a convergence of breastfeeding's advantages, benefits and justifications, family, social and professional support, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of women, personal experience and family tradition and personal choice. Conclusion. The decision to breastfeed by women is influenced by a convergence of factors. It is essential the role of nursing to encourage women in the decision to initiate and maintain breastfeeding her child.

  16. RISK FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSTRUCTION PROCUREMENT PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dahiru, A; Aminu, Muhammad Bashir

    2016-01-01

    One of the challenges facing construction procurement performance is the failure to determine the risk related factors limiting its success. These risk factors can cause a significant increase in the procurement cost leading to an increase in the overall project cost. The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the risk factors influencing construction procurement performance with a view to achieve the overall project performance. The objectives are to establish a relative significa...

  17. Environmental factors influencing asexual reproductive processes in echinoderms

    OpenAIRE

    Mladenov, Pv

    1996-01-01

    This review provides a brief update of the occurrence and adaptive significance of asexual reproduction in echinoderms. It then focuses on the state of knowledge of biotic and abiotic factors that influence asexual processes in this group, particularly factors that may play a role in regulating the expression and relative proportion of asexual versus sexual phenotypes within populations of species, as well as factors modulating and triggering asexual processes. The information presented in th...

  18. Analysis of Factors influence Non Performing Loan (NPL) at Go Public Bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Vera Yohana

    2015-01-01

    This research entitled “Analysis of Factors influence Non Performing Loan (NPL) at Go Public Bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange”. This research aims to respond any questions about factors influence the Non Performing Loan at the go public bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange. The bad loan is always found in banking loan activity. Therefore the bank always minimizes the bad loan to fulfill the requirement of Central Bank as the bank supervisors. The bad loan is total debt loan plus the doubt loan an...

  19. Genetic and environmental factors influencing the Placental Growth Factor (PGF) variation in two populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sorice, Rossella; Ruggiero, Daniela; Nutile, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    . However, to date, no information is available regarding the genetics of PGF variability. Furthermore, even though the effect of environmental factors (e.g.: cigarette smoking) on angiogenesis has been explored, no data on the influence of these factors on PGF levels have been reported so far. Here we have...... strongly replicated in the Danish sample. These results, for the first time, support the hypothesis of the presence of genetic and environmental factors influencing PGF plasma variability....

  20. Factors Influencing the Quality of Encapsulation in Rock Bolting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, Naj; Craig, Peter; Mirzaghorbanali, Ali; Nemcik, Jan

    2016-08-01

    Bolt installation quality is influenced by various factors, some are well known and others are less recognised. A programme of field and laboratory studies was undertaken to examine various factors of relevance to the load transfer mechanism between the bolt, resin and rock to ensure test methods truly represent field performance. Short encapsulation tests were undertaken as part of the Australian Coal Association Research Program (ACARP) funded project (C21011) with the ultimate aim of developing standard test methods for assessing bolt encapsulation with chemical resin anchor installations. The field study consisted of a series of Short Encapsulation Pull Tests (SEPT) carried out in three mines with different geological conditions to determine the most representative and practical method of SEPT. Additional field work included installation of bolts into threaded steel tubes for subsequent removal and laboratory evaluation. A series of pull tests was carried out by installing bolts in overhead rig mounted sandstone block, cast in concrete with controlled encapsulation length. Factors of importance considered included; borehole diameter, resin annulus thickness, installation time (including bolt spin to the back and "spin at back"), the effect of gloving and hole over drill. It was found that the borehole diameter had a detrimental effect on the encapsulation bonding strength. Bolt installation time of approximately 10 s constituted an acceptable time for effective bolt installation and within the resin manufacturers recommended time of 14 s. Maintaining constant length of encapsulation was paramount for obtaining consistency and repeatability of the test results. Finally, a numerical simulation study was carried out to assess the capabilities of FLAC 2D software in simulating the pull testing of rock bolts.

  1. Research progress on influencing factors of self care capacity of patients with diabetes%糖尿病病人自护能力影响因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程彦如; 陈传波

    2014-01-01

    It introduced the self care needs and self care level of diabet-ic patients.The social and demographic factors,disease and treatment fac-tors,social and psychological factors were the influencing factors of self care ability of patients;it put forward that the nursing staff should assess the patients correctly and formulate the personalized nursing plan,so as to provide help and guidance,reduce the self care barriers,enhance patient self care level and improve the quality of life.%介绍糖尿病病人自我护理需求及自我护理水平,社会人口学因素、疾病与治疗因素、心理社会因素是影响病人自我护理能力的因素;提出护理人员应对病人进行正确评估,制定个性化的护理方案,以提供帮助和指导,减少自我护理障碍,提升病人自我护理水平,提高其生活质量。

  2. Research on the Satisfaction Degree and Influence Factors of Home-Based Care for Disabled Elders%居家失能老人照护满意度及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑云慧

    2016-01-01

    According to the research on the home-based care of 238 disabled elders in the urban and rural areas of Jiaxing made from July of 2015 to January of 2016,the following conclusions are drawn:the overall home-based care could meet disabled elders ’ needs;they felt basically stratified about it;their education background,incomes, chronic disease, residential areas, caregivers ’ identity etc. were the main factors influencing the satisfaction degree.In order to improve the satisfaction degree of home-based care for the disabled elders and give them better nursing physically and mentally,efforts should be made to optimize the supporting facilities of pension services in the community,encourage the society to build up the home-based care centers,carry out needs-based nursing proj ects,organize volunteers and service groups in the community,help the disabled elders face to face,perfect relevant laws,improve the work efficiency of the community's health service institutions and build the service organizations for the disabled elders in the community.%2015年7月至2016年1月,对嘉兴市城乡238例居家失能老人照护现状进行调查分析,得出:居家照护总体能够回应失能老人的照护需要,失能老人对居家照护基本满意;失能老人的受教育程度、收支情况、患慢性病数、居住状况、主要照顾者的身份以及是否“帮助购物”和给予“心理慰藉”是影响照护满意度的主要因素。为更好满足居家失能老人的身心照护需求,必须完善社区养老服务配套设施,鼓励社会力量建设居家养老照料中心,开展“以需求为本”的照护服务项目;以社区为单位,组建为老志愿者服务队及“银龄互助”组,以结对帮扶等方式进入失能老人家中进行面对面助老;完善失能老人照护的立法;充分发挥社区卫生服务机构的作用;在社区有计划地建设失能老人服务型机构。

  3. An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

    1998-03-01

    This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

  4. The wills of older people: risk factors for undue influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peisah, C; Finkel, S; Shulman, K; Melding, P; Luxenberg, J; Heinik, J; Jacoby, R; Reisberg, B; Stoppe, G; Barker, A; Firmino, H; Bennett, H

    2009-02-01

    As people live longer, there is increasing potential for mental disorders to interfere with testamentary distribution and render older people more vulnerable to "undue influence" when they are making a will. Accordingly, clinicians dealing with the mental disorders of older people will be called upon increasingly to advise the courts about a person's vulnerability to undue influence. A Subcommittee of the IPA Task Force on Testamentary Capacity and Undue Influence undertook to establish consensus on the definition of undue influence and the provision of guidelines for expert assessment of risk factors for undue influence. International jurisdictions differ in their approach to the notion of undue influence. Despite differences in legal systems, from a clinical perspective, the subcommittee identified some common "red flags" which might alert the expert to risk of undue influence. These include: (i) social or environmental risk factors such as dependency, isolation, family conflict and recent bereavement; (ii) psychological and physical risk factors such as physical disability, deathbed wills, sexual bargaining, personality disorders, substance abuse and mental disorders including dementia, delirium, mood and paranoid disorders; and (iii) legal risk factors such as unnatural provisions in a will, or provisions not in keeping with previous wishes of the person making the will, and the instigation or procurement of a will by a beneficiary. This review provides some guidance for experts who are requested by the courts to provide an opinion on the risk of undue influence. Whilst international jurisdictions require different thresholds of proof for a finding of undue influence, there is good international consensus on the clinical indicators for the concept.

  5. Research on corrosion resistance influencing factors of metal parts in outdoor condensing units%室外型冷凝机组金属部件耐腐蚀性能影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏梅

    2012-01-01

    Both the corrosion mechanism and the corrosion resistance influencing factors of the metal parts in outdoor units exposed in the air are summarized. Regarding the red rust area as the criterion, the experiments are made in order to judge the influence degree of the three important factors-metal backing,spray technology,coating thickness,and the pairwise interaction with the orthogonal experimental method. The results indicate that spray technology influences the corrosion resistance most. The metal backing, and the interaction of the metal backing and spray technology can influence the corrosion resistance obviously. Therefore, correctly selecting the spray technology, metal backing and taking their interaction into consideration are important for enhancing corrosion resistance of outdoor metal parts.%概述室外机金属部件暴露于大气中的腐蚀机制及金属部件耐腐蚀性能的影响因素.采用正交试验方法,以盐雾试验后的红锈面积作为判断标准,针对影响金属耐腐蚀性能的3个重要因素(金属基材、喷涂方式和涂膜厚度)及其两两交互作用对室外机金属部件耐腐蚀性能的影响程度进行试验对比.结果表明:喷涂方式对耐腐蚀性能影响最大,金属基材、金属基材与喷涂方式的交互作用对金属耐腐蚀性能影响较大.因此正确选择喷涂方式和金属基材并考虑2种影响因素的交互关系对提高室外机金属部件耐腐蚀性能具有重要意义.

  6. Factors influencing adherence among older people with osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loew, Laurianne; Brosseau, Lucie; Kenny, Glen P; Durand-Bush, Natalie; Poitras, Stéphane; De Angelis, Gino; Wells, George A

    2016-09-01

    This study aims to identify potential factors that could affect adherence and influence the implementation of an evidence-based structured walking program, among older adults diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. A total of 69 participants with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee fulfilled an online survey on potential factors that could affect their adherence to an evidence-based structured walking program. Adherence with regard to the influencing factors was explored using a logistic regression model. Results tend to show higher odds of adhering to the evidence-based walking program if the participants were supervised (more than 2.9 times as high), supported by family/friends (more than 3.7 times as high), and not influenced by emotional involvement (more than 11 times as high). The odds of adhering were 3.6 times lower for participants who indicated a change in their medication intake and 3.1 times lower for individuals who considered themselves as less physically active (95 % confidence interval (CI)). Our exploratory findings identified and defined potential adherence factors that could guide health professionals in their practice to better identify positive influences and obstacles to treatment adherence, which would lead to the adoption of a more patient-centered approach. A large-scale study is required to clearly delineate the key factors that would influence adherence. We addressed a new knowledge gap by identifying the main strategies to promote the long-term adherence of community-based walking program.

  7. Study on the Factors Influencing the Level of Innovation in Agricultural Science and Technology Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing; SUN; Baofeng; CHEN

    2015-01-01

    This paper carries out a questionnaire survey of persons in charge of the agricultural project in the " Eleventh Five-Year National Support Program" on the level of innovation in projects and the factors influencing innovation. After the linear regression analysis of the survey data,it is found that the factors influencing the innovation in agricultural science and technology projects include the level of innovation in scientific achievements,efficiency of research methods and creation of innovation environment. Through the variance analysis of the level of innovation and its influencing factors related to different innovators,it is found that there are differences in the statistical significance of level of innovation in projects among universities,research institutes,research and extension departments directly under the government,and enterprises; there are no significant differences in the understanding of factors influencing innovation,that is,different innovators basically have the same understanding of factors influencing innovation,but the assessment on level of innovation in projects completed is different to some extent.On this basis,this paper proposes the recommendations for further strengthening the level of innovation in agricultural science and technology projects in order to provide a theoretical reference and practical basis for the project managers to effectively improve the level of agricultural science and technology project management,and enhance the level of innovation in projects.

  8. Research of Factors Affecting Pension Funds Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Liutvinavičius

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Currently Lithuania has an old-age pension system of three pillars. Unfortunately, when making an investment decision, too few factors are used that affect strategy effectiveness. It is necessary to develop tools to better assess the risks and more accurately simulate the potential long-term investment scenarios. The article deals with the investment strategy to the second and third pillar pension funds in order to maximize investment returns and reduce risks. A smart software tool allows you to simulate an accrual depending on the rate of return, the accumulation period, the level of contributions, the fund’s profitability and other factors. The study shows that using the Social Insurance Fund contributions, personal contributions and the state provided additives can accumulate significantly greater amounts of money than collecting only the second pillar pension funds contributions. For implementation of the proposed methodology it is necessary to ensure a minimum level of personal pension scheme members fundraising to the third pillar pension funds. On the other hand, the study revealed that in some cases investment to private pension funds can be useless. Private pension funds have become popular between unprofessional investors who don’t have sufficient knowledge. Research shows that financial institutions do not always provide the optimal proposals. Advanced software tools can help make better investment decisions. Commercial tools usually show potential profits of investment, but not always pay sufficient  attention to potential risks. This article analyzes both good and bad investment scenarios.

  9. Research of Factors Affecting Pension Funds Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgilijus Sakalauskas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently Lithuania has an old-age pension system of three pillars.Unfortunately, when making an investment decision, too few factors are used that affect strategy effectiveness. It is necessary to develop tools to better assess the risks and more accurately simulate the potential long-term investment scenarios.The article deals with the investment strategy to the second and third pillar pension funds in order to maximize investment returns and reduce risks. A smart software tool allows you to simulate an accrual depending on the rate of return, the accumulation period, the level of contributions, the fund’s profitability and other factors.The study shows that using the Social Insurance Fund contributions, personal contributions and the state provided additives can accumulate significantly greater amounts of money than collecting only the second pillar pension funds contributions. For implementation of the proposed methodology it is necessary to ensure a minimum level of personal pension scheme members fundraising to the third pillar pension funds. On the other hand, the study revealed that in some cases investment to private pension funds can be useless.Private pension funds have become popular between unprofessional investors who don’t have sufficient knowledge. Research shows that financial institutions do not always provide the optimal proposals. Advanced software tools can help make better investment decisions. Commercial tools usually show potential profits of investment, but not always pay sufficient attention to potential risks. This article analyzes both good and bad investment scenarios.

  10. The clinical academic workforce of the future: a cross-sectional study of factors influencing career decision-making among clinical PhD students at two research-intensive UK universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Joana; Ranieri, Veronica; Lambert, Trevor; Pugh, Chris; Barratt, Helen; Fulop, Naomi J; Rees, Geraint; Best, Denise

    2017-08-28

    To examine clinical doctoral students' demographic and training characteristics, career intentions, career preparedness and what influences them as they plan their future careers. Online cross-sectional census surveys at two research-intensive medical schools in England in 2015-2016. All medically qualified PhD students (N=523) enrolled at the University of Oxford and University College London were invited to participate. We report on data from 320 participants (54% male and 44% female), who were representative by gender of the invited population. Career intentions. Respondents were mainly in specialty training, including close to training completion (25%, n=80), and 18% (n=57) had completed training. Half (50%, n=159) intended to pursue a clinical academic career (CAC) and 62% (n=198) were at least moderately likely to seek a clinical lectureship (CL). However, 51% (n=163) had little or no knowledge about CL posts. Those wanting a CAC tended to have the most predoctoral medical research experience (χ(2) (2, N=305)=22.19, p=0.0005). Key reasons cited for not pursuing a CAC were the small number of senior academic appointments available, the difficulty of obtaining research grants and work-life balance. Findings suggest that urging predoctoral clinicians to gain varied research experience while ensuring availability of opportunities, and introducing more flexible recruitment criteria for CL appointments, would foster CACs. As CL posts are often only open to those still in training, the many postdoctoral clinicians who have completed training, or nearly done so, do not currently gain the opportunity the post offers to develop as independent researchers. Better opportunities should be accompanied by enhanced career support for clinical doctoral students (eg, to increase knowledge of CLs). Finally, ways to increase the number of senior clinical academic appointments should be explored since their lack seems to significantly influence career decisions. © Article

  11. 初产妇产后抑郁的影响因素及护理的研究综述%The Research Summary of Influencing Factors and Nursing Postpartum Depression in Primiparae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国霞

    2014-01-01

    The dangers of postpartum depression has been a front-line care workers and academics attention, and has made ??a wealth of research results. Combing through the literature, depression can be factors summarized in the early postpartum social factors, psychological stress, physical factors, obstetric factors, the role change, and analyze the direction of the current nursing attention can be divided into maternal health, strengthen psychological interventions, actively looking for external support, exploration and promotion of community intervention.%产后抑郁的危害性已经受到了学术界和一线护理工作者的重视,并且已经取得了丰富的研究成果。通过对文献资料的梳理,可以将初产妇产后抑郁的影响因素归纳为社会因素、心理压力、身体因素、产科因素、角色转变,并分析目前的护理方向可以分为重视产妇保健、加强心理干预、积极寻找外部支持、探索与推广社区干预。

  12. Research on the Influencing Factors of the Development ;of Children's Theory of Mind%儿童心理理论发展的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘经兰; 刘丽

    2013-01-01

    With the development of cognitive psychology, there are growing concerns on the development of children's theory of mind. In order to promote the development speed of children's theory of mind, and improve the development quality of children's theory of mind, the subjective and objective factors influencing the development of children's theory of mind are explored in this paper.%随着认知心理学的发展,人们对儿童心理理论的发展日益关注。本文以促进儿童心理理论发展速度,提高儿童心理理论发展质量为目的,探讨影响儿童心理理论发展的主客观因素。

  13. 红酵母产类胡萝卜素影响因素及检测方法研究进展%Research advance in influencing factors of carotenoid producted by red yeasts and detection methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董娟; 郑晓吉; 孙静涛; 史学伟

    2013-01-01

      该文介绍类胡萝卜素主要组成和功能,对红酵母产类胡萝卜素发酵方法、发酵促进因子和破壁技术几个影响因素分别进行阐述,对类胡萝卜素分离与鉴定方法研究现状进行探讨,并展望未来发展方向。%The composition and function of carotenoids were introduced in text. The influencing factors,such as the fermentation methods of red yeasts,fermentation accelerator,broken technology were separately described and reseach of carotenoids isolation and identification were discussed and the prospect was summarised.

  14. The Research Progress of Raw Milk Quality Safety and its Influencing Factors%生乳的质量安全及其影响因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨梅

    2012-01-01

    生乳的质量安全一直以来是人们关注的焦点,加强生乳质量安全监管,确保生乳质量安全,保障消费者身体健康显得尤为重要.作者对优质安全生乳的内涵、影响因素、管理与控制措施等方面进行了综述,以期为生产和管理提供参考.%The quality and safety of raw milk is always the focus of attention,strengthen the quality and safety of raw milk supervision,to ensure the quality and safety of raw milk, the protective consumer health is particularly important. The author summarized connotation of raw milk quality safety, influencing factors and control measures, etc, in order to provide reference for the production and management.

  15. Research on Low-temperature Thermal Radiation Influencing Factors Based on PASCO System%基于PASCO系统的低温热辐射影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈新; 陈龙; 李宇飞; 王珊

    2014-01-01

    Low-temperature thermal radiation influencing factors such as heated cube surface,temperature,dis-tance,relative location were studied by using the PASCO system. The results were shown visually with the data cloud pictures and three-dimensional maps by using a series of comparison experiments.%利用美国PASCO公司传感器热辐射实验系统对加热的立方腔体的表面特性、温度、距离、相对位置等主要影响因素对低温热辐射实验的影响进行了对比研究,并将实验结果以数据云图和3D立体图的形式直观的显示出来。

  16. Evaluation Research on the Influence Factors of the Rents of Business Office Building Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process%基于AHP法的商务写字楼租金影响因素评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶剑锋

    2015-01-01

    本文主要研究了商务写字楼租金影响因素,并应用AHP法确定了各项最终指标,然后依据指标权重从写字楼资产运营的角度提出如何提升存量写字楼的租金的资产运营建议。%This paper mainly studies the influence factors of the rents of business office building and determines the final indexes by analytic hierarchy process. Then according to the index weight, it puts forward the suggestions of assets operation to improve the office rents stock from the perspective of office assets operation.

  17. Research progress of influencing factors in the gingival retraction effects%排龈过程中影响排龈效果各因素的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯传翠; 张晓明

    2015-01-01

    Gingival retraction technology is a method which can separate free gingival margin from teeth and expose subgingival areas. The technology of gingival retraction is used on various aspects of oral treatments. The purpose of this article was to review the many factors influencing the gingival retraction effects.%排龈术是一种使用不同剂型排龈材料将游离龈缘与牙面分离,暴露出龈下区域的方法,现已经被广泛应用于固定义齿修复领域.而影响排龈效果的因素很多,文中就各因素作一综述.

  18. Influence of social factors on lead exposure and child development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bornschein, R.L.

    1985-10-01

    A brief overview of current views of child development is provided, with particular attention given to the role the child's physical and social environment plays in influencing the developmental process. Examples from the recent literature are used to illustrate how these factors can influence lead exposure and most importantly how they might interact with lead to ameliorate or exacerbate possible lead effects. An example is provided which demonstrates that failure to control adequately and to adjust the data statistically to correct for the influence of these factors can lead one erroneously to attribute cognitive and behavioral changes to lead. Finally, data from the Cincinnati Prospective Lead Study are presented to illustrate the application of structural equation modeling as a means for unraveling the complex web of sociodemographic, environmental and behavioral influences on childhood lead exposure.

  19. ICT Interventions for Girls: Factors Influencing ICT Career Intentions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Gorbacheva

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Intervention programs aimed at promoting study and work opportunities in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT field to schoolgirls have been encouraged to combat a decline in the interest among girls to study ICT at school. The goal of our study is to investigate the influence of such interventions on schoolgirls’ intentions to choose a career in the ICT field by analysing comprehensive survey data (n = 3577, collected during four interventions in Australia, using the Partial Least Squares method. Our study is also aimed at identifying other factors influencing ICT career intentions. We found that the attitude towards interventions has an indirect influence on ICT career intentions by affecting interest in ICT. Our results also challenge several existing theoretical studies by showing that factors that had previously been suggested as influencers were found to have little or no impact in this study, these being same-sex education and computer usage.

  20. Measuring Technological, Organizational and Environmental Factors Influencing the Adoption Intentions of Public Cloud Computing Using a Proposed Integrated Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minimol Anil Job

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to identify the factors influencing the intentions to adopt the public computing by the private sector firms. In this research the researcher examined the ten factors influencing the cloud computing adoption using a proposed integrated model which incorporates aspects of the Technology, Organization and Environment factors such as Complexity, Compatibility, Security Concerns, Trialability, Cost Saving, Top Management Support, Prior IT Experience, Organizational Readiness, Competitive Pressure and External Support. In order to test influencing factors a survey was conducted and one hundred and twenty two valid responses were received from IT decision makers from forty firms in different industries. The results revealed that the Compatibility, Cost Saving, Trialability and External Support are the main influential factors in the adoption intentions of public cloud computing. Future research could be built on this study by developing different model for each industry because each industry has unique characteristics that can influence the adoption of the technological innovations.