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Sample records for experimentalnim modulu sr-0

  1. Electrical conduction and thermal properties of Bi-doped Pr0·7Sr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Uehara et al 1999). Recently, Barik and Mahendiran (2010) observed ∼100% MR and mag- netic hysteresis in Bi-doped La0·7Sr0·3MnO3 compounds. The unusual behaviour is because of co-existing ferromag- netic (FM) and antiferromagnetic ...

  2. Magnetic Properties of Ba0 . 4Sr0 . 6TiO3 /La0 . 7Sr0 . 3MnO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Luis; Singamaneni, Srinivasa Rao; Prater, John; Narayan, Jagdish

    Ba1-xSrxTiO3 is an excellent material for voltage-tunable dielectric applications. Ba0.4Sr0.6TiO3 (BST), which is cubic and paraelectric at 300K, and transforms to a ferroelectric tetragonal phase upon cooling through the TC at 200K. The main focus here is to study what happens when BST (200nm) is placed in contact with ferromagnetic layer such as La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) (63nm), when BST/LSMO were deposited onto MgO/TiN buffered Si (100). X-ray diffraction measurements showed that these films were of single phase and epitaxial in nature. The magnetic measurements showed that the Curie temperature (TC) of LSMO remained unchanged at 350K when BST was in contact with LSMO layer. Interestingly, at 4K both the coercive field and the exchange bias of the BST/LSMO heterostructure as compared to the lone LSMO film increased significantly from 400 to 800 Oe and from 155 to 305 Oe, respectively. These differences were found to disappear above 200 K. This strongly suggests that the observed changes in the magnetic behavior of the heterostructure was the result of stress and/or charge redistributions that resulted when the BST layer transformed from the cubic (paraelectric) to tetragonal (ferroelectric) phase at 200K.

  3. Exchange bias in Ba0.4Sr0.6TiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singamaneni, Srinivasa Rao; Prater, John T.; Narayan, Jagdish

    2017-05-01

    This work relates to the integration of the two-layer stack of the proposed multiferroic structure onto silicon substrates. Ba1-xSrxTiO3 is an excellent material for room-temperature voltage-tunable dielectric applications due to its high (ɛ=6000) dielectric constant. In this study we choose a composition of Ba0.4Sr0.6TiO3 (BST), which is cubic and paraelectric at 300K, and transforms to a ferroelectric tetragonal phase upon cooling through the Curie temperature (TC) at 200K. The main focus of the present work is to study what happens when BST is placed in contact with a room temperature ferromagnetic layer such as La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO). In this study, the magnetic properties of a BST (200nm)/LSMO (63nm) heterostructure was compared to that of a single LSMO layer (63nm). Both films were deposited onto MgO/TiN buffered Si (100) using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and a domain matching epitaxy (DME) paradigm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements showed that these films were of single phase and epitaxial in nature, with an unrelaxed lattice strain of ˜0.2% that was predominately composed of thermal and defect-induced strain. The magnetic measurements showed that the Curie temperature (TC) of LSMO remained unchanged at 350K when the BST was in contact with the LSMO layer. Interestingly, at 4K both the coercive field (Hc) and the exchange bias (HEB) of the BST/LSMO heterostructure as compared to the lone LSMO film increased significantly from 400 to 800 Oe and from 155 to 305 Oe, respectively. These differences were found to disappear above 200 K, the ferroelectric TC of the BST over-layer. This strongly suggests that the observed changes in the magnetic behavior of the heterostructure was the result of stress and/or charge redistributions that resulted when the BST layer transformed from the cubic (paraelectric) to tetragonal (ferroelectric) phase at low temperature.

  4. Study of coexisting phases in Bi doped La0.67Sr0.33MnO3

    KAUST Repository

    Kambhala, Nagaiah

    2015-12-28

    We report the remarkable phase separation behaviour in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 doped with Bi3+ ion at La site. The temperature dependent resistivity and magnetization of La0.67−xBixSr0.33MnO3 (x>0) show the presence of phase separation of ferromagnetic metallic and charge ordered antiferromagnetic insulating phases. Markedly, the field dependant magnetization studies of La0.67−xBixSr0.33MnO3 (x=0.3) show the metamagnetic nature of ferromagnetic metallic state implying the competition of coexisting ferromagnetic metallic and charge ordered antiferromagnetic phases. The electron spin resonance and exchange bias studies of La0.67−xBixSr0.33MnO3 (x=0.4 and 0.5) substantiate the coexistence of ferromagnetic clusters in antiferromagnetic matrix.

  5. A coprecipitation technique to prepare Sr0⋅ 5Ba0⋅ 5Nb2O6

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... and niobium ions as hydroxide under basic conditions. This precursor on calcining at 750°C yielded Sr0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 phase. This is a much lower temperature than that prepared by traditional solid state method (1000°C) as reported for the formation of Sr0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 (SBN). Transmission electron microscopic (TEM) ...

  6. Silica-Aerogel Composites Opacified with La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhine, Wendell; Polli, Andrew; Deshpande, Kiranmayi

    2009-01-01

    As part of an effort to develop improved lightweight thermal-insulation tiles to withstand temperatures up to 1,000 C, silica aerogel/fused-quartz-fiber composite materials containing La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 particles as opacifiers have been investigated as potentially offering thermal conductivities lower than those of the otherwise equivalent silica-aerogel composite materials not containing La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles. The basic idea of incorporating opacifying particles into silica-aerogels composite to reduce infrared radiative contributions to thermal conductivities at high temperatures is not new: it has been reported in a number of previous NASA Tech Briefs articles. What is new here is the selection of La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles as candidate opacifiers that, in comparison with some prior opacifiers (carbon black and metal nanoparticles), are more thermally stable. The preparation of a composite material of the present type includes synthesis of the silica-aerogel component in a sol-gel process. The La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles, made previously in a separate process, are mixed into the sol, which is then cast onto fused-quartz-fiber batting. Then the aerogel-casting solution is poured into the mold, where it permeates the silica fiber felt. After the sol has gelled, the casting is aged and then subjected to supercritical drying to convert the gel to the final aerogel form. The separate process for making the La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles begins with the slow addition of corresponding proportions of La(CH3COOH)3, Mn(CH3COOH)3, and Sr(NO3)2 to a solution of H2O2 in H2O. The solution is then peptized by drop-wise addition of NH4OH to obtain a sol. Next, the sol is dried in an oven at a temperature of 120 C to obtain a glassy solid. The solid is calcined at 700 C to convert it to La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3. Then La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles are made by ball-milling the calcined solid. The effectiveness of La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO3 particles as opacifiers and thermal

  7. Strain dependent magnetocaloric effect in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin-films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Suresh Kumar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The strain dependent magnetocaloric properties of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films deposited on three different substrates (001 LaAlO3 (LAO, (001 SrTiO3 (STO, and (001 La0.3Sr0.7Al0.65Ta0.35O9 (LSAT have been investigated under low magnetic fields and around magnetic phase transition temperatures. Compared to bulk samples, we observe a remarkable decrease in the ferromagnetic transition temperature that is close to room temperature, closely matched isothermal magnetic entropy change and relative cooling power values in tensile strained La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films. The epitaxial strain plays a significant role in tuning the peak position of isothermal magnetic entropy change towards room temperature with improved cooling capacity.

  8. Sol-Gel Synthesis of La(0.6)Sr(0.4)CoO(3-x) and Sm(0.5)Sr(0.5)CoO(3-x) Cathode Nanopowders for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Wise, Brent

    2011-01-01

    Nanopowders of La(0.6)Sr(0.4)CoO(3-x) (LSC) and Sm(0.5)Sr(0.5)CoO(3-x) (SSC) compositions, which are being investigated as cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC) with La(Sr)Ga(Mg)O(3-x) (LSGM) as the electrolyte, were synthesized by low-temperature sol-gel method using metal nitrates and citric acid. Thermal decomposition of the citrate gels was followed by simultaneous DSC/TGA methods. Development of phases in the gels, on heat treatments at various temperatures, was monitored by x-ray diffraction. Solgel powders calcined at 550 to 1000 C consisted of a number of phases. Single perovskite phase La(0.6)Sr(0.4)CoO(3-x) or Sm(0.5)Sr(0.5)CoO(3-x) powders were obtained at 1200 and 1300 C, respectively. Morphological analysis of the powders calcined at various temperatures was done by scanning electron microscopy. The average particle size of the powders was approx.15 nm after 700 C calcinations and slowly increased to 70 to 100 nm after heat treatments at 1300 to 1400 C.

  9. Annealing effect on transport properties of Nd0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Annealing effect on transport properties of. Nd0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films. M PATTABIRAMAN a. , P MURUGARAJ a. , G RANGARAJAN a. , V PRASAD b. ,. S V SUBRAMANYAM b. , V S SASTRY c. , SANG-MO KOO d and K V RAO d. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai 600 036, India. Department ...

  10. Interface-dependent resistance switching in Nd0⋅ 7 Sr0⋅ 3 MnO3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Interface-dependent electric-pulse-induced resistance switching effect (EPIR) in Nd0.7Sr0.3MnO3 ceramics was studied. ... Faculty of Physics and Electronic Technology, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P.R. China; State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao ...

  11. Magnetocaloric response of La0. 70Ca0. 1Sr0. 2Fe0. 1Mn0. 9O3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 38; Issue 1. Magnetocaloric response of La0.70Ca0.1Sr0.2Fe0.1Mn0.9O3 pervoskite for magnetic refrigeration. M S Anwar Faheem Ahmed Bon Heun Koo. Volume 38 Issue 1 February 2015 pp 101-104 ...

  12. Low lattice thermal conductivity suppressed by Sr-deficiency in Sr0.9Ca0.1Si2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. S. Lue

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a study of the temperature-dependent electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and thermal conductivity in Sr0.9-δCa0.1Si2 alloys to shed light on Sr-deficient effect on the thermoelectric performance, as characterized by the dimensionless thermoelectric figure-of-merit, ZT. It is found that the thermal conductivity is considerably reduced upon introducing Sr deficiency in Sr0.9Ca0.1Si2. In particular, a marked low lattice thermal conductivity of about 1.1 W/m-K at room temperature is achieved for Sr0.77Ca0.1Si2. Such a promising result leads to a relatively high ZT of 0.27 at room temperature for this material. Furthermore, with the extrapolation of thermoelectric parameters to high temperatures, a possible maximum ZT of about 0.52 at 850 K can be realistically estimated for Sr0.77Ca0.1Si2.

  13. Porous La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ thin film cathodes for large area micro solid oxide fuel cell power generators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garbayo, A.; Esposito, Vincenzo; Sanna, Simone

    2014-01-01

    Porous La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ thin films were fabricated by pulsed laser deposition for being used as a cathode for micro solid oxide fuel cell applications as MEMS power generators. Symmetrical La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ/ yttria-stabilized zirconia/La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ free-standing membranes were fabricated using...

  14. Effects of LiF on microwave dielectric properties of 0.25Ca0.8Sr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Indian Academy of Sciences. 1223 ... 3Department of Information Engineering, Guilin University of Aerospace Technology, Guilin 541004, PR China ... Keywords. 0.25Ca0.8Sr0.2TiO3–0.75Li0.5Nd0.5TiO3; microwave dielectric properties; microstructures; LiF. 1. Introduction. Microwave dielectric materials with predictable ...

  15. Leakage current transport mechanisms of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Leakage current transport mechanisms of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/BaTiO3 bilayer films grown on Nb:SrTiO3. PAN RUIKUN1,2,∗, LIU PANKE1, LI MINGKAI1, TAO HAIZHENG2, LI PAI1 and HE YUNBIN1. 1Key Laboratory of Green Preparation & Application for Functional Materials, Ministry of Education, Faculty of. Materials ...

  16. Polarized Raman scattering in single crystals of Nd 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Polarized Raman scattering in single crystals of Nd0.7Sr0.3MnO3. M Pattabiraman G Rangarajan Kwang-Yong Choi P Lemmens G Guentherodt G Balakrishnan D McK Paul M R Less. Colossal Magnetoresistance & Other Materials Volume 58 Issue 5-6 ...

  17. Solid state synthesis of Bi 0 . 4 Sr 0 . 6 FeO 3 - δ powder for SOFC applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rico, M.; Rodriguez, R.; Zapata, V. H.; Medina-Barreto, M. H.; Cruz-Mu noz, B.; Tabares, J. A.; Benitez-Castro, A. M.; Giraldo-Betancur, A. L.; Muñoz-Saldaña, J.

    2017-11-01

    We report on the synthesis of Bi0.4Sr0.6FeO3 powder with cubic structure by solid state reaction (mechanical milling and calcination) from Bi2O3, SrCO3 and Fe2O3 stoichiometric ratios. Milled powder mixtures were heat treated between 775∘C and 825∘C for 30 and 60 min in oxygen atmosphere and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), impedance as well as Mössbauer spectroscopy. The cubic phase of Bi0.4Sr0.6FeO3 was successfully obtained in samples milled for only 2 h and a subsequent calcination at 800∘C. Irrespective of milling time, heat treatments at lower temperatures (775∘C) still show spurious phases such as Sr0.23Bi0.76O1.1 (30 min) and Sr0.53Bi1.72O3 (60 min). Impedance spectroscopy show high values (105-109) Ω indicating strong structural bond between the atoms of the system and activation energies for the strontium ion around 04 eV. These results show a single dynamic behavior in a range from 1 to 2*105 Hz enabling data adjustment and analysis to a RC circuit. Conductivity results normally show a behavior that obeys the universal law of Jonscher's relaxation ( σ = σ Dc + α ω n) with values for the exponent n (0.8 Fe2O3. While the result of isomer shift corresponds to a Fe+3 oxidation state irrespective of the heat treatment.

  18. Preparation and characterization of a new graphite superconductor: Ca0.5Sr0.5C6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Saki; Fujita, Hidenori; Hoshi, Masatoshi; Miao, Xiao; Terao, Takahiro; Yang, Xiaofan; Miyazaki, Takafumi; Goto, Hidenori; Kagayama, Tomoko; Shimizu, Katsuya; Yamaoka, Hitoshi; Ishii, Hirofumi; Liao, Yen-Fa; Kubozono, Yoshihiro

    2017-08-07

    We have produced a superconducting binary-elements intercalated graphite, Ca x Sr 1-x C y , with the intercalation of Sr and Ca in highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite; the superconducting transition temperature, T c , was ~3 K. The superconducting Ca x Sr 1-x C y sample was fabricated with the nominal x value of 0.8, i.e., Ca 0.8 Sr 0.2 C y . Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy provided the stoichiometry of Ca 0.5(2) Sr 0.5(2) C y for this sample, and the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) pattern showed that Ca 0.5(2) Sr 0.5(2) C y took the SrC 6 -type hexagonal-structure rather than CaC 6 -type rhombohedral-structure. Consequently, the chemical formula of Ca x Sr 1-x C y sample could be expressed as 'Ca 0.5(2) Sr 0.5(2) C 6 '. The XRD pattern of Ca 0.5(2) Sr 0.5(2) C 6 was measured at 0-31 GPa, showing that the lattice shrank monotonically with increasing pressure up to 8.6 GPa, with the structural phase transition occurring above 8.6 GPa. The pressure dependence of T c was determined from the DC magnetic susceptibility and resistance up to 15 GPa, which exhibited a positive pressure dependence of T c up to 8.3 GPa, as in YbC 6 , SrC 6 , KC 8 , CaC 6 and Ca 0.6 K 0.4 C 8 . The further application of pressure caused the rapid decrease of T c . In this study, the fabrication and superconducting properties of new binary-elements intercalated graphite, Ca x Sr 1-x C y , are fully investigated, and suitable combinations of elements are suggested for binary-elements intercalated graphite.

  19. Magnetic and magnetoresistance properties of La0.7Sr0.3(Mn,Сo)O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troyanchuk, I. O.; Karpinsky, D. V.; Bushinsky, M. V.; Sikolenko, V. V.; Gavrilov, S. A.; Silibin, M. V.

    2017-11-01

    Magnetic and magnetotransport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xCoxO3 ceramics have been investigated by neutron powder diffraction, magnetization and electrical measurements. It is shown that substitution by cobalt ions leads to a decrease of magnetic transition temperature down to 140 K for the compound with x = 0.33. The compounds with cobalt content 0.4 configuration of manganese and cobalt ions upon chemical substitution as well as related changes in the exchange interactions which determine the type of the magnetic state are discussed. Based on the neutron diffraction results and magnetometry data the preliminary magnetic phase diagram has been constructed.

  20. Anisotropic stress relief mechanism in epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vailionis, Arturas; Boschker, Hans; Houwman, Evert; Koster, Gertjan; Rijnders, Guus; Blank, Dave H. A.

    2009-10-01

    We report an anisotropic misfit stress relief mechanism in thin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) films coherently grown on NdGaO3(110) substrates. These results are uniquely related to the orthorhombicity of the LSMO. The x-ray diffraction measurements and quantitative simulations demonstrate that biaxial mismatch stress is relieved differently along in-plane directions perpendicular to each other: in the [11¯0] direction stress is accommodated by decrease of the γ angle of the orthorhombic LSMO unit cell, while in the [001] direction stress is partially relieved by periodic lattice modulations.

  1. Synthesis of Pr0.70Sr0.30MnO3δ and Nd0.70Sr0.30MnO3δ powders by solution-combustion technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Azevedo Vargas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Powders of Pr0.70Sr0.30MnO3δ (PSM and Nd0.70Sr0.30MnO3δ (NSM compositions are being investigated as alternative cathode materials for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. The compositions were synthesized by a solution-combustion method using metal nitrates and urea as fuel. Combustion synthesis is a highly suitable synthesis route for achieving fine and homogeneous powders at low temperatures. Single phase pseudo-perovskite was obtained by X-ray diffraction after heat treatment of PSM and NSM powders at 900 ºC. The synthesized and milling powders had an average particle size between 0.27 to 0.07 μm. Chemical analyses of the powders calcined was performed by X-ray fluorescence and morphological analysis by scanning electron microscopy. The results were compared with literature values, indicating characteristics adjusted for preparation of ceramic suspensions.

  2. Nanostructural and electrical properties of LA0.5SR0.5CoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahari, A.; Ramzannezhad, A.; Shajari, D.; Najafi, H.

    2017-02-01

    A group of ABO3 perovskite-type oxides is currently under intensive studies for their potential as chemical sensing, ferroelectric memories, gas separation and computer devices. This group includes LaxSr1-xCoO3 (LSCO). In the present work, we have synthesized LSCO samples by using the sol-gel method and studied their nano structural and electrical properties with using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), Current density-voltage (J-V) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. We synthesized nanoparticles with diameters between 50 and 100 nm by calcination of the pulverized gel powders, and then studied its structure. The band gap characteristics of the La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 structure were also analyzed. The obtained results show that La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 with favorable carrier mobility ( ˜ 1.7 × 10-2 cm2v-2s-1) and dielectric constant (16) exhibits a variety of interesting physical properties which include ferroelectric, dielectric, pyroelectric and piezoelectric behavior.

  3. Redetermination of the distorted perovskite Nd0.53Sr0.47MnO3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryoko Makita

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Neodymium strontium manganese oxide with ideal composition Nd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 was reported to have two different structure models. In one model, the x coordinate of an O atom is at x > 1/2, while in the other model the x-coordinate of this atom is at x < 1/2. Difference-density maps around this O atom obtained from the current redetermination clearly show that the structure with the O atom at x < 1/2 result in a more satisfactory model than that with x > 1/2. The title compound with a refined composition of Nd0.53 (5Sr0.47 (5MnO3 is a distorted perovskite-type structure with site symmetries 2mm for the statistically occupied (Nd, Sr site and for the above-mentioned O atom, .2/m. for the Mn atom and ..2 for a second O-atom site. In contrast to previous studies, the displacement factors for all atoms were refined anisotropically.

  4. Local structural distortions in strained Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woicik, J. C.; Shirley, E. L.; Gilmore, K.; Andersen, K. E.; Hellberg, C. Stephen

    2017-09-01

    The local atomic geometries in Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 thin films grown on MgO(001) substrates have been determined by Ti 1 s near-edge x-ray-absorption fine-structure measurements and density-functional-theory calculations. The accuracy of the atomic geometries predicted by density-functional theory is demonstrated by simulations of the near-edge x-ray-absorption fine-structure spectra using a Bethe-Salpeter treatment of the Ti 1 s core-hole interaction in the films. Our results show that films with either c >a or c 10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.1988, and the polarizations are rotated significantly larger than the geometry would suggest.

  5. X-ray emission and photoelectron spectra of Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurmaev, E. Z.; Korotin, M. A.; Galakhov, V. R.; Finkelstein, L. D.; Zabolotzky, E. I.; Efremova, N. N.; Lobachevskaya, N. I.; Stadler, S.; Ederer, D. L.; Callcott, T. A.; Zhou, L.; Moewes, A.; Bartkowski, S.; Neumann, M.; Matsuno, J.; Mizokawa, T.; Fujimori, A.; Mitchell, J.

    1999-05-01

    The results of measurements of x-ray photoelectron (XPS), x-ray emission (XES), and x-ray absorption spectra and local spin-density approximation band structure (LSDA) calculations of Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 are presented. The excitation energy dependence of Mn L2,3 and O Kα x-ray emission spectra of Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 is measured using tunable synchrotron radiation. The XES measurements yielded no photon energy dependence for the O Kα spectra, but the Mn L2,3 spectra yielded inelastic scattering losses of 2 and 6 eV, corresponding to features in the structure of the occupied part of the valence band. Comparing XPS and XES measurements with LSDA band-structure calculations, one concludes that the electronic structure of the compound consists mainly of Mn 3d and O 2p states. States of 3d character localized at the Mn site predominate near the top of the valence band (VB). Some differences in the Mn 3d distribution in this part of the XPS valence band and Mn L3 XES with d symmetry due to spin-selection rules that govern the Mn L3 XES. In addition, the Mn 3d states distribution is hybridized with the O 2p part of the VB. Mn L3 XES spectra were determined relative to the Fermi energy by assuming normal x-ray emission begins from the lowest level of the p5dn+1L intermediate state (which is the Mn 2p ionizatation threshold). From the local spin-density approximation, the orbital character of the Mn 3d electrons can be assigned eg symmetry at the top of the valence band T2g in the central part of the VB, and equal contributions of eg and t2g states at the bottom of the valence band.

  6. Microwave Absorbing Properties of Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12-zMnzO19 (z = 0 – 3 Materials in XBand Frequencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohanes Edi Gunanto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12-zMnzO19 (z = 0,1,2, and 3 were successfully synthesized by solid state reaction through a mechanical milling method. Stoichiometric quantities of analytical-grade MnCO3, BaCO3, Fe2O3, and SrCO3 precursors with purity greater than 99% were mixed. It was found that the best phase composition, having an absorber with high performance, was Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe11MnO19. Refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe11MnO19 was single-phase and had a hexagonal structure (P63/mmc. Mechanical milling of Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe11MnO19 powders produced particles with a mean size of ~850 nm. SEM images revealed the morphology of the particles as being aggregates of fine grains. The magnetic properties of the Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe11MnO19 particles showed a low coercivity and a high remanent magnetization. The Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe11MnO19 has certain microwave absorber properties in the frequency range of 8-14 GHz, with an absorbing peak value of ‑8 dB and -10 dB at frequencies of 8.5 and 12.5 GHz, respectively. The study concludes that the Ba0.6Sr0.4Fe12-zMnzO19 that was successfully synthesized is a good candidate for use as an electromagnetic absorber material.

  7. Surface characterization, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca for temporary cardiovascular implant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bornapour, M., E-mail: mandana.bornapour@mail.mcgill.ca [Light Metals and Advanced Magnesium Materials, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C5 (Canada); Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Mahjoubi, H. [Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Vali, H. [Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C7 (Canada); Shum-Tim, D. [Department of Cardiac Surgery and Surgical Research, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3G 1A1 (Canada); Cerruti, M. [Biointerface Lab, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc H3A 0C5 (Canada); Pekguleryuz, M. [Light Metals and Advanced Magnesium Materials, Mining and Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Qc, H3A 0C5 (Canada)

    2016-10-01

    Magnesium-based alloys are attractive candidate materials for medical applications. Our earlier work showed that the ternary Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy exhibits slower degradation rates than both binary Mg-Sr and Mg-Ca alloys. The ternary alloy immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) forms a compact surface layer of corrosion products that we hypothesized to be a Sr-substituted hydroxyapatite (HA). The main objectives of the current work are to understand the bio-degradation mechanism of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca, to identify the exact nature of its protective layer and to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the alloy for cardiovascular applications. To better simulate the physiological environment, the alloy was immersed in SBF which was daily refreshed. Raman spectroscopy and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the formation of a thin, Sr-substituted HA layer at the interface between the alloy and the corrosion products. In vitro biocompatibility evaluated via indirect cytotoxicity assays using HUVECs showed no toxicity effect and ions extracted from Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca in fact increased the viability of HUVECs after one week. In vivo tests were performed by implanting a tubular Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent along with a WE43 control stent into the right and left femoral artery of a dog. Post implantation and histological analyses showed no thrombosis in the artery with Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca stent after 5 weeks of implantation while the artery implanted with WE43 stent was extensively occluded and thrombosed. Microscopic observation of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca implant-tissue interface confirmed the in situ formation of Sr-substituted HA on the surface during in vivo test. These results show that the interfacial layer protects the surface of the Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca alloy both in vitro and in vivo, and is the key factor in the bio-corrosion resistance of the alloy. - Highlights: • The surface active elements of Sr and Ca alter the corrosion of Mg alloy in SBF • Sr

  8. Dielectric Relaxation Behavior of Bismuth Doped (Ba0.2Sr0.8 TiO3 Ceramics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baptista, J. L.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The dielectric properties of bismuth doped (Ba0.2Sr0.8TiO3 ceramics are investigated. The temperature dependence of the dielectric permittivity and loss factor were measured from 102 to 106Hz in the temperature range 12-320K. As the amount of Bi increases, the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition gets diffused and relaxed. In addition to this ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition, other two sets of dielectric anomalies, located at 50-100K and 200-300K respectively, are also found. The possible relaxation mechanisms are briefly discussed.Las propiedades dieléctricas de cerámicos dopados con bismuto son investigadas. La dependencia con la temperatura de la permitividad dieléctrica y el factor de pérdidas se midieron entre 02 y 106Hz en el rango de temperatura 12-320K. Con el aumento del contenido en Bi, la transición de fase ferroeléctrica-paraléctrica se hace difusa y reloja. Junto a esta transición de fase los conjuntos de anomalías dieléctricas, localizados a 50-100k y 200-300k respectivamente, también se encontraron. Se discute brevemente los posibles mecanismos de relajación.

  9. Aerosol deposition of Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branković Zorica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we optimized conditions for aerosol deposition of homogeneous, nanograined, smooth Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 thin films. Investigation involved optimization of deposition parameters, namely deposition time and temperature for different substrates. Solutions were prepared from titanium isopropoxide, strontium acetate and barium acetate. Films were deposited on Si (1 0 0 or Si covered by platinum (Pt (1 1 1 /Ti/SiO2/Si. Investigation showed that the best films were obtained at substrate temperature of 85ºC. After deposition films were slowly heated up to 650ºC, annealed for 30 min, and slowly cooled. Grain size of BST films deposited on Si substrate were in the range 40-70 nm, depending on deposition conditions, while the same films deposited on Pt substrates showed mean grain size in the range 35-50 nm. Films deposited under optimal conditions were very homogeneous, crackfree, and smooth with rms roughness lower than 4 nm for both substrates.

  10. Reentrant spin glass behavior in polycrystalline La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-XFeXO 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Jr. M.M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic and transport properties of the compound La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFe xO 3 (0.1 < x <0.4 have been studied by means of electrical resistivity, AC magnetic susceptibility, and DC magnetization. At low concentrations (x <0.1, the system displays essentially para-to-ferromagnetic transitions as the temperature is decreased, although a decrease in the magnetic moment has been observed in previous studies at temperatures a little below T C. This ferromagnetism is explained by double exchange theory in terms of the formation of Mn+3/Mn+4 ions pairs in the system. At concentrations in the range 0.1 < x <0.4 the system is more complex. Increased Fe doping not only weakens the ferromagnetic (FM order and augments the resistivity of the samples, but also induces the appearance of a reentrant spin glass phase at low temperatures (T < 60 K. Irreversibility of the magnetization measured with zero field cooling and with field cooling has been observed. In addition, the AC susceptibility peak position varies with frequency. All these effects are characteristic of spin glass behavior. The results have been interpreted based in an increase of frustration due to increasing competition between FM Mn+3/Mn+4 interactions and antiferromagnetic interactions between ions at the boundaries of Fe clusters.

  11. Colossal elastoresistance, electroresistance and magnetoresistance in Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Liping; Guo, Xuexiang; Gao, J.

    2016-05-01

    Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 thin films on substrates of (001)-oriented LaAlO3 were epitaxially grown by pulsed laser deposition. It was found that a substrate-induced strain of 1.3% brings a great resistivity change of 98% at 25 K. We studied the dependence of resistivity on the applied electric current and magnetic field. In the greatly strained films of 60 nm thickness the electroresistance ER=[ρ(I1 μA)-ρ(I1000 μA)]/ρ(I1 μA) reaches 70% at T=25 K, much higher than ER 7% in the strain-relaxed films of 400 nm thickness, implying the strain effect on ER. Also the magnetoresistance of the film falls with strain-relaxation. Therefore the electric properties of the film could be efficiently modified by strain, electric current and magnetic field. All of them may be explained by the effect on the percolative phase separation and competition in the half-doped manganite material. The manganite films located at phase boundary are expected to be an ideal compound for providing practical colossal effects of elastoresistance, electroresistance and magnetoresistance due to the multiphase coexistence.

  12. Giant electroresistance in strained ultrathin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, In Hae; Shakya, Ambika; Paykar, Ashkan; Lacera Otalora, Hector; Biswas, Amlan

    We investigated the effect of an electric current on the transport properties of microstructured La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin films. Pulsed laser deposition was used to grow atomically smooth thin films of LSMO on singly terminated SrTiO3 (STO) substrates. The microstructure pattern was designed to restrict conduction either in the direction or across the unit cell steps on the atomically smooth surfaces. Previous experiments on these thin films had suggested possible phase separation due to charge ordering near the step edges. We will present evidence that this charge ordered state can be modified by an electric current leading to large electroresistance of upto 95% for a 1 µA current which is comparable to magnetoresistance values at 4 T. Interestingly, the electoresistance was large (about 65 %) even at room temperature when the current was applied along the step directions. Our results suggest possible use of ultrathin LSMO films as resistance switching devices at room temperature. NSF-DMR 1410237.

  13. La0⋅ 9Sr0⋅ 1Ga0⋅ 8M0⋅ 2O3–δ (M= Mn, Co, Ni, Cu or Zn ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Perovskite oxides of the general formula, La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8M0.2O3– for M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn, have been prepared and investigated. All the oxides exhibit high electrical conductivities ( ∼ 10–2 S/cm at 800°C) comparable to that of the best perovskite oxide ion conductor, La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.85 (LSGM) ( ...

  14. Interfacial magnetic coupling in ultrathin all-manganite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3-TbMnO3 superlattices

    KAUST Repository

    Tian, Y. F.

    2014-04-14

    We report the growth and magnetic properties of all-manganite superlattices composed of ultrathin double-exchange ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and noncollinear multiferroic TbMnO3 layers. Spontaneous magnetization and hysteresis loops are observed in such superlattices with individual La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 layers as thin as two unit cells, which are accompanied by pronounced exchange bias and enhanced coercivity. Our results indicate substantial interfacial magnetic coupling between spin sublattices in such superlattices, providing a powerful approach towards tailoring the properties of artificial magnetic heterostructures.

  15. Magnetic vortex evolution in self-assembled La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanoislands under in-plane magnetic field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Zabaleta

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic vortex formation at room temperature and its evolution under in-plane magnetic field is studied in chemically grown self-assembled La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanoislands of less than 200 nm in width. We use variable field magnetic force microscopy and numerical simulations to confirm that the vortex state is ubiquitous in these square-base pyramid shape epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanostructures, and that it requires in-plane magnetic fields below 40 kA/m to be annihilated.

  16. Anisotropic strain relaxation in (Ba0.6Sr0.4)TiO3 epitaxial thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, W. K.; Akdogan, E. K.; Safari, A.

    2005-05-01

    We have studied the evolution of anisotropic epitaxial strains in ⟨110⟩-oriented (Ba0.60Sr0.40)TiO3 paraelectric (m3m) thin films grown on orthorhombic (mm2) ⟨100⟩-oriented NdGaO3 by high-resolution x-ray diffractometry. All the six independent components of the three-dimensional strain tensor were measured in films with 25-1200-nm thickness, from which the principal stresses and strains were obtained. Pole figure analysis indicated that the epitaxial relations are [001]m3m‖[001]mm2 and [1¯10]m3m‖[010]mm2 in the plane of the film, and [110]m3m‖[100]mm2 along the growth direction. The dislocation system responsible for strain relief along [001] has been determined to be ∣b ∣(001)=3/4∣b∣. Strain relief along the [1¯10] direction, on the other hand, has been determined to be due to a coupled mechanism given by ∣b∣(1¯10)=∣b∣ and ∣b∣(1¯10)=√3 /4∣b∣. Critical thicknesses, as determined from nonlinear regression using the Matthews-Blakeslee equation, for misfit dislocation formation along [001] and [1¯10] direction were found to be 5 and 7 nm, respectively. The residual strain energy density was calculated as ˜2.9×106J/m3 at 25 nm, which was found to relax an order of magnitude by 200 nm. At 200 nm, the linear dislocation density along [001] and [1¯10] are ˜6.5×105 and ˜6×105cm-1, respectively. For films thicker than 600 nm, additional strain relief occurred through surface undulations, indicating that this secondary strain-relief mechanism is a volume effect that sets in upon cooling from the growth temperature.

  17. Critical exponents and irreversibility lines of La0.9Sr0.1CoO3 single crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, N.; Midya, A.; Mandal, P.; Prabhakaran, D.

    2013-05-01

    We have studied the dynamic and static critical behavior of spin glass transition in insulating La0.9Sr0.1CoO3 single crystal by ac susceptibility and dc magnetization measurements in the vicinity of its freezing temperature (Tf). The dynamic scaling analysis of the frequency dependence of ac susceptibility data yields the characteristic time constant τ0=1.6(9)×10-12 s, the dynamic critical exponent zν=9.5(2), and a frequency dependence factor K =ΔTf/Tf(Δlogf)=0.017, indicating that the sample enters into a canonical spin-glass phase below Tf = 34.8(2) K. The scaling analysis of non-linear magnetization in the vicinity of Tf through the static scaling hypothesis yields critical exponents β = 0.89(1) and γ = 2.9(1), which match well with that observed for well known three-dimensional (3D) Heisenberg spin glasses. From the longitudinal component of zero-field-cooled and field-cooled magnetization measurement, we have constructed the H-T phase diagram which represents the field evolution of two characteristic temperatures: the upper one, Tw(H), indicates the onset of spin freezing in a uniform external field H, while the lower one, Ts(H), marks the onset of strong irreversibility of the frozen state. The low field Ts(H) follows the critical line suggested by d'Almeida-Thouless model for canonical spin glass, whereas the Tw(H) exhibits a re-entrant behavior with a maximum in the Tw(H) at a nonzero field above which it follows the Gabay-Toulouse (GT) critical line which is a characteristic of Heisenberg spin glass. The reentrant behavior of the GT line resembles that predicted theoretically for n-component vector spin glasses in the presence of a uniaxial anisotropy field.

  18. Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ–La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ Composite Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosiałek M.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Composite cathodes contain Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ were tested in different configuration for achieving cathode of area specific resistance lower than Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ cathodes. Electrodes were screen printed on samaria-doped ceria electrolyte half-discs and tested in the three electrode setup by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Microstructure was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The lowest area specific resistance 0.46 and 2.77 Ω cm−2 at 700 °C and 600 °C respectively revealed composite cathode contain Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3–δ in 1:1 weight ratio. The area specific resistance of this cathode is characterized by the lowest activation energy among tested cathodes.

  19. Spin reorientation and giant dielectric response in multiferroic La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanh Tran, Dang; LamVu, Dinh; Le, Van Hong; Phan, The-Long; Yu, Seong-Cho

    2013-06-01

    A multiferroic sample of La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+δ was prepared by conventional solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction study revealed La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+δ exhibiting a single phase with a tetragonal structure (F4K2Ni-perovskite-type structure, and space group of I4/mmm). An iodometric titration method was used to determine non-stoichiometric oxygen concentrations (δ) in the La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+δ ceramic. We found δ = -0.017, which corresponds to a doping level of nh = x + 2δ = 0.466 (with x being Sr2+ content). The field-cooled (FC) magnetization curve indicated that there was a strong increase in spin ordering (SO) at temperature TSO ˜ 100 K. Below TSR ˜ 50 K, spins undergo a spin reorientation (SR) turning away from the stripe direction on cooling. Its dielectric constant ɛ (ω , T) = ɛ‧(ω,T) - iɛ ″(ω,T) was estimated by basing on capacitance and conductance curves measured at different temperatures and frequencies. Dielectric relaxations of charge-ordered La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+δ ceramic were investigated in a broad temperature range. The giant dielectric constant (104-106) with a low dielectric loss of 10-2-10-1 was also found.

  20. Field-induced interplanar magnetic correlations in the high-temperature superconductor La1.88Sr0.12CuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømer, A. T.; Jensen, P.; Jacobsen, H.

    2015-01-01

    We present neutron-scattering studies of the interplanar magnetic correlations in the high-temperature superconductor La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 (Tc=27 K). The correlations are studied both in a magnetic field applied perpendicular to the CuO2 planes, and in zero field under different cooling conditions. We...

  1. Magnetic-Field-Induced Soft-Mode Quantum Phase Transition in the High-Temperature Superconductor La1.855Sr0.145CuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, J.; Christensen, Niels Bech; Niedermayer, C.

    2009-01-01

    Inelastic neutron-scattering experiments on the high-temperature superconductor La1.855Sr0.145CuO4 reveal a magnetic excitation gap Delta that decreases continuously upon application of a magnetic field perpendicular to the CuO2 planes. The gap vanishes at the critical field required to induce long...

  2. Interface ferromagnetism and orbital reconstruction in BiFeO3-La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yu, P.; Lee, J.S.; Okamoto, S.; Rossell, M.D.; Huijben, Mark; Yang, C.H.; He, Q.; He, Qiwei; Zhang, J.X.; Yang, S.Y.; Lee, M.J.; Ramasse, Q.M.; Emi, R.; Chu, Y.H.; Arena, D.A.; Kao, C.C.; Martin, L.W.; Ramesh, R.

    2010-01-01

    We report the formation of a novel ferromagnetic state in the antiferromagnet BiFeO3 at the interface with ferromagnet La0.7Sr0.3MnO3. Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism at Mn and Fe L2,3 edges, we discovered that the development of this ferromagnetic spin structure is strongly associated with

  3. H-2 oxidation at the interface Ni/Sr0.995Ce0.95Y0.05O2.975

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonanos, N.; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    1997-01-01

    The oxidation of hydrogen at the interface of nickel and the perovskite proton conductor Sr0.995Ce0.95Y0.05O2.975 has been investigated at 800 degrees C and below in atmospheres of N-2/H-2/H2O, using a point contact electrode technique. The polarisation behaviour obtained in the anodic regime...

  4. In situ templating synthesis of conic Ba0⋅ 5 Sr0⋅ 5 Co0⋅ 8 Fe0⋅ 2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Therefore, instead of the direct formation of BSCF oxide, an intermediate phase of Ba0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (BSC) in hexagonal lattice structure and with conic particle shape was preferentially formed during calcination at low temperature. BSCF perovskite was then produced by the in situ templating of BSC with iron diffusing into ...

  5. Microstructures and the corresponding magnetic properties of half-doped Nd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prokhorov, V.G.; Hyun, Y.H.; Park, J.S.; Kim, J.B.; Kim, G.H.; Lee, Y.S.; Lee, Y.P.; Svetchnikov, V.L.

    2008-01-01

    The microstructural and magnetic properties of amorphous, nanoclustered, and self-organized bilayer Nd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 films, prepared by rf magnetron sputtering, are investigated. The amorphous film was found to be a typical paramagnet with free motion of the individual Mn spins, and the magnetic

  6. Preparation of La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.97V0.03O3-delta films for solid oxide fuel cell application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lars; Pryds, Nini; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2007-01-01

    La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.97V0.03O3-delta (LSC) is commonly studied as a ceramic interconnect material as well as a coating material for metallic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cell applications. However, it is difficult to sinter this type of material to high density. In order to overcome this problem...

  7. Effect of Heat Treatment on The Crystal Structur, Electrical Conductivity and Surface of Ba1.5Sr0.5Fe2O5 Composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwanto, P.; Adi, WA; Yunasfi

    2017-05-01

    The Composite of Ba1,5Sr0,5Fe2O5 has been synthesized by using powder metallurgy technique. The Ba1.5Sr0.5Fe2O5 were prepared from BaCO3, SrCO3 and Fe2O3 raw materials with a specific weight ratio. The three materials were synthesized by powder metallurgy under heat treatment at 800 °C, 900 °C, and 1000 °C for 5 hours. All the three samples were characterized by using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) to determine the crystal structure and crystal size, LCR meter to determine the conductivity, and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to observe the morphological of the composites. The phase analysis result showed that the composite consists of several minor phases such as BaO2, SrO2, and Fe2O3. The Crystal size of composite Ba1.5Sr0.5Fe2O5 decreased while increases the strain of crystal with increasing of sintering temperature. The crystal size of the Ba1.5Sr0.5Fe2O5 composite is 3.55 nm to 7.23 nm and value of strain is 8.47% until 3.90%. Based on the conductivity measurement, it was obtained that the conductivity of the Ba1.5Sr0.5Fe2O5 composite decreased with increasing sintering temperature. It was also noticed that the conductivity increased with increasing of frequency. The conductivity ranged from 6.619×10-7 S/cm to 65.659×10-7 S/cm. The energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis showed that several dominant elements were a good agreement with the phase analysis.

  8. Studies on Electric and Dielectric Properties of Porous Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Pawar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Frequency-dependent electric and dielectric properties of the porous Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ cathode prepared through conventional combustion synthesis technique were studied in the temperature range 298 K–973 K. The crystal symmetry, space group, and unit cell dimensions were confirmed by analyzing XRD pattern. XRD analysis indicates the formation of a single-phase orthorhombic structure with space group Pnma 62. Scanning electron microscopy technique was used to examine the morphology of the sample. Scanning electron microscopy study showed the formation of porous structure with an average grain size about 850 nm. From the electrical study, it is observed that the conduction in Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ sample takes place through the hopping mechanism and follows the inverse universal power law. The correlated barrier hopping model was employed successfully to explain the mechanism of charge transport in Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ. Further, the ac conductivity data was used to evaluate the minimum hopping length and apparent activation energy. The minimum hopping length was found to be ~10−4 times smaller than the grain size of Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ. The peaking behaviour of the real part of dielectric constant with frequency was explained using the Rezlescu model. This study helps to confirm that the charge transportation in Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ is due to two types of charge carriers.

  9. Influence of Co-substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe12O19

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezhil Vizhi, R.; Harikrishnan, V.; Saravanan, P.; Rajan Babu, D.

    2016-10-01

    One-step citrate gel combustion method followed by annealing (800 °C/2 h) was employed to synthesize cobalt substituted barium strontium hexaferrite with a chemical composition of Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe12-xCoxO19 (x=0, 0.5, 0.7, and 0.9). A combination of thermo-gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry was employed to understand the thermo-chemical behavior of Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe12O19. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to evaluate the hexagonal phase evolution for the barium strontium ferrite nanopowders and a formation of secondary phase: α-Fe2O3 is evident for the Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe12O19. Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of different sublattices of Fe3+ present in the hexaferrite structure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy demonstrated the usual stretching vibrations of tetrahedral and octahedral M-O bands. The morphology and chemical composition of the samples were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy attached with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, respectively. Selected area electron diffraction studies showed the nanocrystalline nature of the samples. The magnetic parameters such as saturation magnetization MS, coercivity, HC and remanent magnetization, MR were estimated from the hysteresis loops. Maximum value of MS (70.5 emu/g) was obtained for the Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe11.5Co0.5O19 nanoparticles. A possible growth mechanism on the crystallization of Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe12O19 hexagonal platelets during the citrate gel combustion synthesis is highlighted.

  10. Control of Magnetization-Reversal Mechanism via Uniaxial Anisotropy Strength in La0.67Sr0.33Mn O3 Electrodes for Spintronic Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, L. C.; Yan, W.; Moya, X.; Ghidini, M.; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S. S.; Mathur, N. D.

    2015-12-01

    Spintronic device performance depends critically on magnetization reversal mechanisms, but these are rarely imaged in order to verify correct operation. Here we use magnetometry and magnetic imaging to study thin films and patterned elements of highly spin-polarized La0.67Sr0.33Mn O3 grown epitaxially on Nd Ga O3 substrates whose crystallographic orientation determines magnetic anisotropy strength. Small anisotropy yields gradual magnetization reversal via nucleation and propagation of small-needle domains, whereas large anisotropy yields a single nucleation event resulting in sharp and complete magnetization reversal. We explain these observed differences using micromagnetic simulations, and exploit them in order to quantify the effect of La0.67Sr0.33Mn O3 electrode behavior on spin signals from hypothetical devices. Our work, therefore, highlights the dramatic discrepancies that can arise between the design and performance of spintronic devices.

  11. Tuning the dead-layer behavior of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/SrTiO3 via interfacial engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, R.; Xu, H. C.; Xia, M.; Zhao, J. F.; Xie, X.; Xu, D. F.; Xie, B. P.; Feng, D. L.

    2014-02-01

    The dead-layer behavior, deterioration of the bulk properties in near-interface layers, restricts the applications of many oxide heterostructures. We present the systematic study of the dead-layer in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/SrTiO3 grown by ozone-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Dead-layer behavior is systematically tuned by varying the interfacial doping, while unchanged with varied doping at any other atomic layers. In situ photoemission and low energy electron diffraction measurements suggest intrinsic oxygen vacancies at the surface of ultra-thin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3, which are more concentrated in thinner films. Our results show correlation between interfacial doping, oxygen vacancies, and the dead-layer, which can be explained by a simplified electrostatic model.

  12. Unsaturated magnetoconductance of epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films in pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 T

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Niu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available We report on the temperature and field dependence of resistance of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films over a wide temperature range and in pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 T. The epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films were deposited by laser molecular beam epitaxy. High magnetic field magnetoresistance curves were fitted by the Brillouin function, which indicated the existence of magnetically polarized regions and the underlying hopping mechanism. The unsaturated magnetoconductance was the most striking finding observed in pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 T. These observations can deepen the fundamental understanding of the colossal magnetoresistance in manganites with strong correlation of transport properties and magnetic ordering.

  13. Synthesis and electrochemical performance of La0.7Sr0.3Co1-xFexO3 catalysts for zinc air secondary batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Seyoung; Kim, Ketack; Kim, Hyunsoo; Nam, Sangyong; Eom, Seungwook

    2010-05-01

    We prepared La0.7Sr0.3Co1-xFexO3 (x=0.1-0.4) catalysts for a zinc air battery by using the citrate method under controlled pH. The prepared precursor powder was heat treated at the calcination temperature of 700 °C and examined for the optimum structure of the cathode. The structure and performance of the catalysts were examined by x-ray diffraction and a scanning electron microscope. The air electrode was prepared by blending the catalyst, Vulcan XC-72R (carbon black), and (polytetrafluoroethylene PTFE) suspension. The oxygen reduction reaction and the oxygen evolution reaction were examined by linear sweep voltammetry. The results showed that La0.7Sr0.3Co0.7Fe0.3O3 (LSCF0.7) is an excellent catalyst for the zinc air secondary battery.

  14. Relaxor behaviour of (Ba0⋅ 5Sr0⋅ 5)(Ti0⋅ 6Zr0⋅ 4) O3 ceramics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ba0.5Sr0.5Ti0.6Zr0.4O3 ceramic has been prepared through solid state reaction route. X-ray diffraction shows that the sample has cubic perovskite structure with space group –3 at room temperature. Temperature dependent dielectric study of the ceramic has been investigated in the frequency range 50 Hz–1 MHz.

  15. Dielectric resonance effect with negative permittivity in a La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+ δ ceramic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanh, Tran Dang; Van Dang, Nguyen; Van Hong, Le; Phan, The-Long; Yu, Seong-Cho

    2014-11-01

    A polycrystalline sample of La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+ δ was prepared by using a solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction proved the sample to be a single phase with a tetragonal structure (space group: I4/mmm). By using an iodometric titration method to determine the non-stoichiometric oxygen concentration ( δ) in La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+ δ , we found δ = -0.017, which corresponds to a doping level of n h = x + 2 δ = 0.466. Also, a strong increase of the magnetization in the M( T) curve at temperatures below the spin-ordering temperature ( T SO ~ 100 K) was observed. The M( H) curves show very small magnetic moments, which proves the weak ferromagnetic nature of La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+ δ . The dependences of the dielectric constant on the frequency and the temperature, ɛ( ω, T) = ɛ'( ω, T) + iɛ″( ω, T), was investigated in the frequency range of 1-13 MHz. At temperatures around room temperature, the maximum of the real part ( ɛ') was higher than 105. Particularly, an abnormal dependence of the permittivity on frequency was observed. Depending on temperature, a dielectric resonance was observed at about 500 kHz or 8 MHz. Interestingly, we observed the dielectric-resonance effect with a negative permittivity. Such a feature is very similar to that observed in left-handed materials. The fitting of the experimental data for the dielectric constant at frequencies around the resonance frequency to the equations associated with an equivalent RLC series circuit proves that La1.5Sr0.5NiO4+ δ belongs to the class of multiferroic materials.

  16. Oxygen tracer diffusion and surface exchange kinetics in Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berenov, A.; Atkinson, A.; Kilner, J.; Ananyev, M.; Eremin, V.; Porotnikova, N.; Farlenkov, A.; Kurumchin, E.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Bucher, E.; Sitte, W.

    2014-01-01

    The oxygen tracer diffusion coefficient, Db⁎, and the oxygen tracer surface exchange coefficient, k, were measured in Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3 − δ (BSCF5582) over the temperature range of 310–800 °C and the oxygen partial pressure range of 1.3 × 10−3–0.21 bar. Several measurement techniques were used:

  17. Interface resistance of YBa2Cu3O7−δ/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 ramp-type contacts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Zalk, M.; Brinkman, Alexander; Aarts, J.; Hilgenkamp, Johannes W.M.

    2010-01-01

    We fabricated and characterized YBa2Cu3O7−δ/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (YBCO/LSMO) ramp-type contacts and junctions. An interlayer technique was applied to repair the ramp stoichiometry after etching. It was found that, typically, the resistance of the YBCO/LSMO interface is high compared to the resistances

  18. Broadening of the magnetic entropy change in La0.75Ca0.15Sr0.10MnO3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krishnan Venkatesh, Radha; Kuhn, Luise Theil; Pryds, Nini

    2012-01-01

    A broad table-like entropy change (ΔS) at room temperature has been observed in the ferromagnetic compound La0.75Ca0.15Sr0.10MnO3, which is analyzed in the concept of Landau theory and with critical exponent analysis obtained from the magnetization measurements. The change in entropy in La0.75Ca0...

  19. Temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 nano-crystalline material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafa, C. A.; Triyono, D.; Laysandra, H.

    2017-04-01

    LaFeO3 is a material with perovskite structure which electrical properties frequently investigated. Research are done due to the exhibition of excellent gas sensing behavior through resistivity comparison from the p-type semiconductor. Sr doping on LaFeO3 or La1-xSrxFeO3 are able to improve the electrical conductivity through structural modification. Using Sr dopant concentration (x) of 0.2, La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 nano-crystal pellet was synthesized. The synthesis used sol-gel method, followed by gradual heat treatment and uniaxial compaction. XRD characterization shows that the structure of the sample is Orthorhombic Perovskite. Topography of the sample by SEM reveals grain and grain boundary existence with emerging agglomeration. The electrical properties of the material, as functions of temperature and frequency, were measured by Impedance Spectroscopy method using RLC meter, for temperatures of 303-373K. Through the Nyquist plot and Bode plot, the electrical conductivity of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 is contributed by the grain and grain boundary. Finally, the electrical permittivities of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 are increasing with temperature increase, with the highest achieved when measured at 1 kHz frequency.

  20. Suppression of magnetism and development of superconductivity within the collapsed tetragonal phase of Ca0.67Sr0.33Fe2As2 under pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffries, J. R.; Butch, N. P.; Kirshenbaum, K.; Saha, S. R.; Samudrala, G.; Weir, S. T.; Vohra, Y. K.; Paglione, J.

    2012-05-01

    Structural and electronic characterizations of (Ca0.67Sr0.33)Fe2As2 have been performed as a function of pressure up to 12 GPa using conventional and designer diamond anvil cells. The compound (Ca0.67Sr0.33)Fe2As2 behaves intermediately between its end members, displaying a suppression of magnetism and the onset of superconductivity. Like other members of the AFe2As2 family, (Ca0.67Sr0.33)Fe2As2 undergoes a pressure-induced isostructural volume collapse, which we associate with the development of As-As bonding across the mirror plane of the structure. This collapsed tetragonal phase abruptly cuts off the magnetic state and supports superconductivity with a maximum Tc=22.2K. The maximum Tc of the superconducting phase is not strongly correlated with any structural parameter, but its proximity to the abrupt suppression of magnetism as well as the volume-collapse transition suggests that magnetic interactions and structural inhomogeneity may play a role in its development.

  1. Interface Resistance between FeCr Interconnects and La0.85Sr0.15Mn1.1O3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lars; Neufeld, Kai; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2009-01-01

    The long term oxidation behaviour and the electrical interface resistance between FeCr interconnects and La0,85Sr0,15Mn1,1O3 plates was studied by a DC four-point method in air at 750{degree sign}C for 10000 h. The tested FeCr alloys were: Crofer 22 APU, Sanergy HT, Plansee IT10, Plansee IT11, an....... Low degradation rates of less than 1 mcm2/1000 h were measured on all interfaces. The microstructure analysis showed that a duplex Cr2O3-(Mn,Co,Cr)3O4 oxide scale with a thickness of 3-5 µm had evolved on the alloys.......The long term oxidation behaviour and the electrical interface resistance between FeCr interconnects and La0,85Sr0,15Mn1,1O3 plates was studied by a DC four-point method in air at 750{degree sign}C for 10000 h. The tested FeCr alloys were: Crofer 22 APU, Sanergy HT, Plansee IT10, Plansee IT11......, and Plansee IT14. The alloys were slurry sprayed with a dual layer coating consisting of an inner Co3O4 layer and an outer layer consisting of La0,85Sr0,15Mn1,1O3 with some Co3O4 added. The microstructure and composition of the oxide scales formed at the interfaces were investigated using SEM/EDX analysis...

  2. Optimized fabrication of high quality La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films considering all essential characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Boschker, H.; Huijben, M; Vailionis, A.; Verbeeck, J; Van Aert, S; Luysberg, M; Bals, S.; Van Tendeloo, G.; Houwman, E P; Koster, G; Blank, D.H.A.; Rijnders, G.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract In this article, an overview of the fabrication and properties of high quality La 0.67 Sr 0.33 MnO 3 (LSMO) thin films is given. A high quality LSMO film combines a smooth surface morphology with a large magnetization and a small residual resistivity, while avoiding precipitates and surface segregation. In literature, typically only a few of these issues are adressed. We therefore present a thorough characterization of our films, which were grown by pulsed laser deposition. The fi...

  3. La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Thin Films for Magnetic and Temperature Sensors at Room Temperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng Wu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the potentialities of the manganese oxide La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO for the realization of sensitive room temperature thermometers and magnetic sensors are discussed. LSMO exhibits both a large change of the resistance versus temperature at its metal-to-insulator transition (about 330 K and low field magnetoresistive effects at room temperature. The sensor performances are described in terms of signal-to-noise ratio in the 1 Hz - 100 kHz frequency range. It is shown that due to the very low 1/f noise level, LSMO based sensors can exhibit competitive performances at room temperature.

  4. Intrinsic colossal magnetoresistance effect in thin-film Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 through dimensionality switching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uozu, Y; Wakabayashi, Y; Ogimoto, Y; Takubo, N; Tamaru, H; Nagaosa, N; Miyano, K

    2006-07-21

    A homogeneous colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) effect at low temperatures has been found in a thin-film perovskite manganite Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3. The transition is driven not by the spin alignment as in usual CMR in bulk samples but by the localization-delocalization transition switched by the change in the effective dimensionality. Two-dimensional (x2-y2)-orbital ordering enhanced by the substrate strain is essential for the stabilization of the insulating localized state, which is on the verge of the first-order transition to the three-dimensional metallic ferromangetic state.

  5. Oxygen Electrode Kinetics and Surface Composition of Dense (La0.75Sr0.25)0.95MnO3 on YSZ

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, Yuehua; Hansen, Karin Vels; Norrman, Kion

    2013-01-01

    Lanthanum strontium manganate (LSM) micro-electrodes with the nominal composition of (La0.75Sr0.25)0.95MnO3 were deposited on yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ). The diameter varied from 20 – 100 m and the thickness was kept constant at ca. 0.5 m. Electrochemical characterization was carried out ...... kinetics are discussed in light of the surface compositions and compared with the literature on microelectrode and composite LSM-YSZ electrode kinetics....

  6. Giant magneto resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance in Sm0.55Sr0.30Ag0.15MnO3 perovskite

    OpenAIRE

    Bhat, Masroor Ahmad; Zargar, Rayees A.; Modi, Anchit; Arora, Manju; Gaur, N K

    2016-01-01

    Silver ions substituted samarium strontium manganite (Sm0.55Sr0.30Ag0.15MnO3) pervoskite was synthesized by using respective oxides in stoichiometric ratio through solid state reaction. The as-prepared sample was characterized by various analytical techniques to confirm its formation and understand the effect of monovalent silver ions in pervoskite lattice. X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the single phase formation while grain morphology in SEM image indicates good connectivity among the g...

  7. Strong anisotropy of electric field effects on uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 crystals proved by acoustic emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dul'kin, E.; Kojima, S.; Roth, M.

    2018-01-01

    [001] oriented Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 uniaxial relaxor ferroelectric crystals have been studied by acoustic emission in the temperature range of 20÷200 °C and under an external electric field up to 1 kV/cm. Under the application of an electric field the temperature of a dielectric maximum exhibits a nontrivial behavior: it remains constant at first, secondly steep decreases down to some threshold field, and thirdly starts to increase as a field enhances, whereas the same temperature of a dielectric maximum under a bias electric field to [100] oriented Sr0.75Ba0.25Nb2O6 crystals exhibits a smoothed minimum before the start to increase as a field enhances (E. Dul'kin et al., J. Appl. Phys. 110, 044106 (2011)). Such a difference of electric field effects in c- and a-cut crystals is discussed from the viewpoint of random-bond-random-field model of relaxor ferroelectrics. By the comparison between experimental and theoretical data, a dipole moment of the PNR was estimated to be 0.1 (C cm).

  8. Investigation of the magnetic, electronic and magnetocaloric properties of La0.7(Ca,Sr)0.3Mn1-xGdxO3 manganites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riahi, K.; Ezaami, A.; Messaoui, I.; Solzi, M.; Cheikhrouhou-Koubaa, W.; Cugini, F.; Allodi, G.; Rossi, F.; Cheikhrouhou, A.

    2017-11-01

    La0.7(Ca,Sr)0.3Mn1-xGdxO3 (with x = 0; x = 2% and x = 6%) manganites samples have been studied by several techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), 55Mn and 139La nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and magnetometric measurements. The X-ray powder diffraction shows that all the prepared samples are single phase. La0.7Ca0.15Sr0.15MnO3 manganite is crystallized in the rhombohedral structure, whereas a structural transition towards orthorhombic system is observed for x ≥ 2%. Magnetization as a function of temperature shows that all samples exhibit a ferromagnetic (FM)-paramagnetic (PM) phase transition. Gadolinium doping in Manganese site was found to induce a strong initial decrease of the Curie temperature TC. The single double-exchange-narowed 55Mn NMR line, though broadened by Gd, demonstrates a metallic state in all samples. The current manganites exhibit a second-order magnetic phase transition at TC, which is also confirmed by the criterion of Banerjee. In addition, the normalized entropy change curves of all the compounds collapse onto a universal master curve, a further signature of a second-order transition. The Gd-doped compounds undergo a large magnetocaloric effect, with an enhanced width TFWHM of the entropy change peak as compared to the Gd-free materials, and have consequently potential applications in magnetic refrigeration.

  9. Structural and electrical properties of Ba0.6 Sr0.4 TiO3 thin film on LNO/Pt bottom electrode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, R. B.; Jalaja, K.; Joshi, U. S.

    2017-05-01

    Ba0.6 Sr0.4 TiO3 thin films are potential candidates for ferroelectric devices like Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM), microwave tunable devices, uncooled infrared detectors etc. For all such applications it is highly desirable to have BST film with lowest possible loss and leakage current with frequency independent dielectric properties. It is reported that bottom electrode of BST capacitor has high influence on such properties. In the present work, Ba0.6 Sr0.4 TiO3 thin films were deposited on LNO/Platinum layered bottom electrode on a Silicon wafer. Both LNO and BST were deposited using Chemical Solution Deposition method. For comparative study, BST films were also deposited on Pt electrode. The structural properties were investigated using X-Ray Diffraction and Atomic Force Microscopy. Electrical properties were studied using impedance analysis and IV characterization of the stacks. Both the films were found to be polycrystalline with smooth and crack-free surface. Electrical characterization revealed low leakage current behavior with nearly frequency independent dielectric properties for BST films deposited on LNO/Pt electrode compared to a pure metallic Pt electrode. The LNO/Pt layered bottom electrodes are thus found to be well-suited for low-loss, low-leakage current ferroelectric device development.

  10. Estimation of Joule heating and its role in nonlinear electrical response of Tb0.5Sr0.5MnO3 single crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nhalil, Hariharan; Elizabeth, Suja

    2016-12-01

    Highly non-linear I-V characteristics and apparent colossal electro-resistance were observed in non-charge ordered manganite Tb0.5Sr0.5MnO3 single crystal in low temperature transport measurements. Significant changes were noticed in top surface temperature of the sample as compared to its base while passing current at low temperature. By analyzing these variations, we realize that the change in surface temperature (ΔTsur) is too small to have caused by the strong negative differential resistance. A more accurate estimation of change in the sample temperature was made by back-calculating the sample temperature from the temperature variation of resistance (R-T) data (ΔTcal), which was found to be higher than ΔTsur. This result indicates that there are large thermal gradients across the sample. The experimentally derived ΔTcal is validated with the help of a simple theoretical model and estimation of Joule heating. Pulse measurements realize substantial reduction in Joule heating. With decrease in sample thickness, Joule heating effect is found to be reduced. Our studies reveal that Joule heating plays a major role in the nonlinear electrical response of Tb0.5Sr0.5MnO3. By careful management of the duty cycle and pulse current I-V measurements, Joule heating can be mitigated to a large extent.

  11. Modified magnetic anisotropy at LaCoO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Cabero

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Controlling magnetic anisotropy is an important objective towards engineering novel magnetic device concepts in oxide electronics. In thin film manganites, magnetic anisotropy is weak and it is primarily determined by the substrate, through induced structural distortions resulting from epitaxial mismatch strain. On the other hand, in cobaltites, with a stronger spin orbit interaction, magnetic anisotropy is typically much stronger. In this paper, we show that interfacing La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO with an ultrathin LaCoO3 (LCO layer drastically modifies the magnetic anisotropy of the manganite, making it independent of the substrate and closer to the magnetic isotropy characterizing its rhombohedral structure. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements evidence a tendency of manganite magnetic moments to point out-of-plane suggesting non collinear magnetic interactions at the interface. These results may be of interest for the design of oxide interfaces with tailored magnetic structures for new oxide devices.

  12. Electric field modulated conduction mechanism in Al/BaTiO3/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 heterostructures

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Dongxing

    2017-08-08

    Mediating a metastable state is a promising way to achieve a giant modulation of physical properties in artificial heterostructures. A metastable state La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) layer suffering tensile strain was grown on MgO substrates. Incorporating with the ferroelectric BaTiO3 (BTO) layer, an accumulation or depletion state controlled by electric fields can be formed at the BTO/LSMO interface, which drives a switching of the conduction mechanism between space charge limited conduction and Poole-Frenkel emission, corresponding to the low and high resistance states. Our results lighten an effective way for electric-field modulated resistance states in multiferroic magnetoelectric devices.

  13. Soft x-ray diffraction from lattice constrained orbital order in Pr(Sr0.1Ca0.9)2Mn2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beale, T. A. W.; Bland, S. R.; Johnson, R. D.; Hatton, P. D.; Cezar, J. C.; Dhesi, S. S.; Prabhakaran, D.; Boothroyd, A. T.

    2010-02-01

    Controlling orbital occupancy is a fundamental prerequisite for orbitronics. It has been shown in the orthorhombic bilayer manganite Pr(Sr0.1Ca0.9)2Mn2O7 that the direction of orbital order stripes can be influenced by controlling temperature or through inducing strain in the material. In this paper we have used resonant soft x-ray diffraction at the Mn L-edge to confirm the rotation of the orbital direction TOO2 and furthermore prove that there is no change in the occupied orbital type, however the orbital rotation causes a switch from 3x2-r2 to 3y2-r2 on a single site. We find that unlike the tetragonal bilayer manganites, where an onset of A-type AFM quenches the orbital order, no such effect is found on the orbital order below TN.

  14. Thermally induced rotation of 3d orbital stripes in Pr(Sr0.1Ca0.9)2Mn2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beale, T. A. W.; Bland, S. R.; Johnson, R. D.; Hatton, P. D.; Cezar, J. C.; Dhesi, S. S.; v. Zimmermann, M.; Prabhakaran, D.; Boothroyd, A. T.

    2009-02-01

    We have investigated orbital ordering in the bilayer manganite, Pr(Sr0.1Ca0.9)2Mn2O7 , using synchrotron x-ray diffraction techniques, in particular resonant soft x-ray diffraction. Diffraction signals are observed at (0,(1)/(2),0) above 300 K and ((1)/(2),0,0) below 300 K, corresponding to orbital stripes along the a and b axes, respectively. The previously observed transition at 300 K is evidence of a rotation of the orientation of the 3d orbital stripes. Large resonances of the orbital signals are observed at the MnL edges, with a complex dependence on incident photon energy indicative of a weakly Jahn-Teller distorted system. A structural transition observed at 92 K is found not to involve a further change in the orbital order.

  15. Tuning La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 surface magnetism using LaMnO3 and SrTiO3 caps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, L. C.; Maccherozzi, F.; Moya, X.; Ghidini, M.; Yan, W.; Soussi, J.; Dhesi, S. S.; Mathur, N. D.

    2014-04-01

    We have investigated how the surface magnetism of epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films on NdGaO3 substrates is modified by 2 nm-thick caps of the undoped manganite LaMnO3 and the band insulator SrTiO3. Low-temperature photoemission electron microscopy images with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism contrast reveal large ferromagnetic domains, and a reduction of surface Curie temperature by 40 K (LaMnO3 cap) and 70 K (SrTiO3 cap). We use these negative results to argue that capped films of sub-optimally doped La1-xSrxMnO3 (x≠0.33) should improve the operating temperature of all-oxide and other spintronic devices.

  16. Upper limit for the effect of elastic bending stress on the saturation magnetization of La0.8Sr0.2MnO3

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Q.

    2018-01-31

    Using polarized neutron reflectometry, we measured the influence of elastic bending stress on the magnetization depth profile of a La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSMO) epitaxial film grown on a SrTiO3 substrate. The elastic bending strain of +/- 0.03% has no obvious effect on the magnetization depth profile at saturation. This result is in stark contrast to that of (La1-xPrx)(1-y),Ca-y,MnO3 (LPCMO) films for which strain of +/- 0.01% produced dramatic changes in the magnetization profile and Curie temperature. We attribute the difference between the influence of strain on the saturation magnetization in LSMO (weak or none) and LPCMO (strong) to a difference in the ability of LSMO (weak or none) and LPCMO (strong) to phase separate. Our observation provides an upper limit of tuning LSMO saturation magnetization via elastic strain effect.

  17. Microwave advantages in inorganic synthesis of La0.5Sr0.5MnO3 powders for perovskite ceramics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonino Rizzuti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work the advantage of the use of the microwave technology was exploited for the preparation of perovskite ceramics. Microwave-assisted hydrothermal method has been applied to the preparation of strontium-doped lanthanum manganites with different stoichiometric ratio of the three oxides, La1-xSrxMnO3 (x = 0.3, 0.5, 0.6. In particular, pure black narrow dispersed crystallites of La0.5Sr0.5MnO3 of 0.68±0.18 μm were prepared in only 45 minutes at 240°C and a KOH concentration of 21 M. The complete chemical, mineralogical and microstructural characterization of the powders reveal the same structural properties of the perovskite powders previously synthesised by ceramic and conventional hydrothermal routes.

  18. Electric field modulated conduction mechanism in Al/BaTiO3/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Dongxing; Li, Dong; Gong, Junlu; Jin, Chao; Li, Peng; Zhang, Xixiang; Bai, Haili

    2017-08-01

    Mediating a metastable state is a promising way to achieve a giant modulation of physical properties in artificial heterostructures. A metastable state La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) layer suffering tensile strain was grown on MgO substrates. Incorporating with the ferroelectric BaTiO3 (BTO) layer, an accumulation or depletion state controlled by electric fields can be formed at the BTO/LSMO interface, which drives a switching of the conduction mechanism between space charge limited conduction and Poole-Frenkel emission, corresponding to the low and high resistance states. Our results lighten an effective way for electric-field modulated resistance states in multiferroic magnetoelectric devices.

  19. Thickness-dependent magnetic and electrical transport properties of epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3CoO3 films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binzhi Li

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The thickness-dependent magnetic and electrical transport properties of nearly strain-free La0.7Sr0.3CoO3 (LSCO films grown on (001-oriented (LaAlO30.3 (Sr2AlTaO60.7 substrates were systematically studied. A crossover from ferromagnetic/metallic to non-magnetic/insulating behavior occurs at a critical thickness (∼8 nm that is significantly smaller than LSCO films under larger strains in reported literature. X-ray absorption measurements revealed that the difference of functional properties at reduced film thicknesses was accompanied by changes in the valence state of Co ions at the film/substrate interface.

  20. Misfit strain relaxation in (Ba0.60Sr0.40)TiO3 epitaxial thin films on orthorhombic NdGaO3 substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, W. K.; Akdogan, E. K.; Safari, A.

    2006-07-01

    Strain relaxation in (Ba0.60Sr0.40)TiO3 (BST) thin films on ⟨110⟩ orthorhombic NdGaO3 substrates is investigated by x-ray diffractometry. Pole figure analysis indicates a [010]BST∥[1¯10]NGO and [001]BST∥[001]NGO in-plane and [100]BST∥[100]NGO out-of-plane epitaxial relationship. The residual strains are relaxed at h ˜200nm, and for h >600nm, films are essentially strain free. Two independent dislocations mechanisms operate to relieve the anisotropic misfit strains along the principal directions. The critical thickness for misfit dislocation formation along [001] and [010] are 11 and 15nm, respectively. Stress analysis indicates deviation from linear elasticity for h <200. The films with 10

  1. Effect of misfit strains on fourth and sixth order permittivity in (Ba0.60,Sr0.40)TiO3 films on orthorhombic substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, W. K.; Akdogan, E. K.; Safari, A.; Bellotti, J.

    2006-03-01

    The in-plane dielectric response of [110] oriented Ba0.60Sr0.40TiO3 epitaxial films grown on [100] NdGaO3 is used to determine the field induced polarization at 10GHz. The nonlinear polarization curve is used to determine the linear and nonlinear permittivity terms for the in-plane principal directions, [001] and [1¯10]. Studied films are in the thickness range of 75-1200nm, and clearly show the influences that drive tunability down with increasing residual strain. The variation of the tunability, along the [001] direction, proves to be less sensitive to residual strain then the [1¯10] direction, although [1¯10] is capable of greater tunability at low residual strains.

  2. Tunable magnetic anisotropy of self-assembled Fe nanostructures within a La0.5Sr0.5FeO3 matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bruce; Fan, Meng; Li, Leigang; Jian, Jie; Huang, Jijie; Wang, Han; Kalaswad, Matias; Wang, Haiyan

    2018-01-01

    Metallic nanostructures within ceramic matrices provide a unique platform for integrating magnetic, optical, and electrical properties for device applications. Currently, hurdles still exist for the integration of metallic nanostructures within conventional devices, including the incompatible growth conditions between metals and ceramics and control of the overall physical properties. In this study, we demonstrate the tunability of a one-step growth method to fabricate magnetic and metallic nanostructures embedded within an oxide matrix, La0.5Sr0.5FeO3:Fe, from a composite target using pulsed laser deposition. The metal-ceramic nanocomposite films demonstrate tunable nanostructures and anisotropic magnetic response by varying deposition energy, presenting a mechanism for tuning the physical properties of vertically aligned ferromagnetic metallic nanopillars in an oxide matrix. This study also opens avenues towards the integration of nanoscale, vertical, metallic ferromagnetic contacts for anisotropic magnetic tunneling junctions which may not be easily realized by single-phase thin films.

  3. Flexoelectric Induced Caloric Effect in Truncated Pyramid Shaped Ba0.67Sr0.33TiO3 Ferroelectric Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Satyanarayan; Chauhan, Aditya; Madhar, Niyaz Ahamad; Ilahi, Bouraoui; Vaish, Rahul

    2017-07-01

    Solid state refrigeration based on ferroelectric materials can potentially be competing in not-in-kind refrigeration technology. However, their functionality is currently limited to Curie temperatures. Through this article, authors have attempted to describe an unexplored component of the stress-driven caloric effect, obtainable beyond the Curie point. The phenomenon, termed as the flexocaloric effect (FCE), relies on inhomogeneous straining of the crystal lattice to induce polarization in centrosymmetric crystals (flexoelectricity). For this study, a truncated pyramid geometry was selected, and the dependence of sample height on caloric capacity was studied. A peak temperature change of 1.75 K (313 K) was estimated for Ba0.67Sr0.33TiO3 (BST) ceramics employing a truncated pyramid configuration.

  4. Electrochemical Study of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3-δ Thin Film Microelectrodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreka, Kosova; Hansen, Karin Vels; Jacobsen, Torben

    layer was deposited a (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3-δ(LSC40) using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The thin CGO film (~100 nm) was deposited to avoid any reaction between the YSZ and LSC40 (250 nm). Subsequently, using photolithography and ion beam etching the microelectrode arrays with varying diameters (from...... are performed on porous electrodes with the purpose of having a realistic scenario; however we still lack fundamental understanding of the underlying degradation mechanism. Even though porous electrode studies have provided invaluable information about the degradation of the oxygen electrode, the deconvolution...... 100 µm to 5 µm) were produced. Each sample has 4 macro-electrodes which were used as counter-electrode while performing electrochemical measurements. To observe the effect of temperature on the film microstructure and chemistry one sample was heat treated for 16 hours. SEM images, AFM and To...

  5. Gd0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-δ: A novel type of SOFC cathode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer Hansen, Kent; Søgaard, Martin; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2007-01-01

    The fabrication and electrochemical activity of a type of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathode is described in this paper. In search of new cathodes a Gd0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-delta compound was synthesized using the glycine-nitrate method. It turned out that this was a two-phase compound consisting...... of two perovskite phases, a cubic and an orthorhombic phase, as shown by Rietveld refinements. These two phases were synthesized and a cone-shaped electrode study was undertaken. It was shown that the composite cathode had an electrochemical activity superior to that of the two single-phase perovskites......, indicating that the unique microstructure of this type of cathode is essential for achieving high electrochemical activity toward the reduction of oxygen in a SOFC....

  6. Enhanced ferromagnetic and metal insulator transition in Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 thin films: Role of oxygen vacancy induced quenched disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, M. K.; Siwach, P. K.; Kaur, A.; Singh, H. K.

    2010-11-01

    Effect of quenched disorder (QD) caused by oxygen vacancy (OV) and substrate induced inhomogeneous compressive strain, on the magnetic and transport properties of oriented polycrystalline Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 thin films is investigated. QD is related intimately to the ordering/disordering of the OVs and controls the paramagnetic-ferromagnetic/insulator-metal transition. OV ordered films show enhanced TC/TIM˜165 K, which is depressed by oxygen annealing. OV disordering realized by quenching reduces TC/TIM. The first order IM transition observed in SSMO single crystals is transformed into nonhysteretic and continuous one in the OV ordered films. QD appears to be diluted by OV disorder/annihilation and results in stronger carrier localization.

  7. A novel counter electrode material of La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 for dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Yongfeng; Qin, Tianze; Yang, Bo; Zuo, Xueqin; Li, Guang; Wu, Mingzai; Ma, Yongqing; Jin, Shaowei; Zhu, Kerong

    2016-11-01

    In this work, La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (LSCO) perovskite oxide with perfect crystallinity was successfully synthesized via a sol-gel method and then used as counter electrodes (CEs) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The DSSCs with LSCO CEs exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity for the triiodide reduction and yielded a power conversion efficiency of 7.17%, which is greater than that of the Pt electrode (7.06%). Compared with the hydrothermal method and solvothermal method, sol-gel method is more suitable for large scale preparation. This work should open up a new class of CE materials for low-cost and high-efficiency DSSCs.

  8. Rotated stripe order and its competition with superconductivity in La1.88Sr0.12CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thampy, V.; Dean, M. P. M.; Christensen, N. B.; Steinke, L.; Islam, Z.; Oda, M.; Ido, M.; Momono, N.; Wilkins, S. B.; Hill, J. P.

    2014-09-01

    We report the observation of a bulk charge modulation in La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 (LSCO) with a characteristic in-plane wave vector of (0.236,±δ), with δ =0.011 r.l.u. The transverse shift of the ordering wave vector indicates the presence of rotated charge-stripe ordering, demonstrating that the charge ordering is not pinned to the Cu-O bond direction. On cooling through the superconducting transition, we find an abrupt change in the growth of the charge correlations and a suppression of the charge order parameter indicating competition between the two orderings. Orthorhombic LSCO thus helps bridge the apparent disparities between the behavior previously observed in the tetragonal "214" cuprates and the orthorhombic yttrium and bismuth-based cuprates and thus lends strong support to the idea that there is a common motif to charge order in all cuprate families.

  9. ARTICLE Thickness Impacts of Vacancy Defects in Epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Thin Films Using Slow Positron Beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jian-dang; Cheng, Bin; Du, Huai-jiang; Ye, Bang-jiao

    2010-12-01

    Thickness effects of thin La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) films on (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2AlTaO6)0.7 substrates were examined by a slow positron beam technique. Doppler-broadening line shape parameter S was measured as a function of thickness and differnt annealing conditions. Results reveal there could be more than one mechanism to induce vacancy-like defects. It was found that strain-induced defects mainly influence the S value of the in situ oxygen-ambience annealing LSMO thin films and the strain could vanish still faster along with the increase of thickness, and the oxygen-deficient induced defects mainly affect the S value of post-annealing LSMO films.

  10. Structural evolution during calcination and sintering of a (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3-δ nanofiber prepared by electrospinning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonsen, S. B.; Shao, J.; Zhang, W.

    2017-06-01

    Design of three-dimensional metal oxide nanofibers by electrospinning is being widely explored. However, the impacts of calcination and sintering on the resulting morphology remain unknown. For the first time, (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3-δ (LSC) nanofiber, which is among the most promising electrode materials for solid oxide fuel cells, was synthesized by sol-gel electrospinning. By elevating the temperature in oxygen using in situ transmission electron microscopy, we discovered the structural transitions from nanofibers to nanotubes and then to nano-pearl strings. This facile and up-scalable method can be widely applied to design metal oxide one-dimensional nanomaterials with precise control in both geometry (nanofiber, nanotube and nano-pearl string) and surface area (by varying grain size).

  11. Induced Ti magnetization at La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and BaTiO3 interfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaohua Liu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In artificial multiferroics hybrids consisting of ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO and ferroelectric BaTiO3 epitaxial layers, net Ti moments are found from polarized resonant soft x-ray reflectivity and absorption. The Ti dichroic reflectivity follows the Mn signal during the magnetization reversal, indicating exchange coupling between the Ti and Mn ions. However, the Ti dichroic reflectivity shows stronger temperature dependence than the Mn dichroic signal. Besides a reduced ferromagnetic exchange coupling in the interfacial LSMO layer, this may also be attributed to a weak Ti-Mn exchange coupling that is insufficient to overcome the thermal energy at elevated temperatures.

  12. Band Structure Analysis of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Perovskite Manganite Using a Synchrotron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Sub Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Oxide semiconductors and their application in next-generation devices have received a great deal of attention due to their various optical, electric, and magnetic properties. For various applications, an understanding of these properties and their mechanisms is also very important. Various characteristics of these oxides originate from the band structure. In this study, we introduce a band structure analysis technique using a soft X-ray energy source to study a La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO oxide semiconductor. The band structure is formed by a valence band, conduction band, band gap, work function, and electron affinity. These can be determined from secondary electron cut-off, valence band spectrum, O 1s core electron, and O K-edge measurements using synchrotron radiation. A detailed analysis of the band structure of the LSMO perovskite manganite oxide semiconductor thin film was established using these techniques.

  13. The effect of post-annealing on the structure and magnetotransport properties of Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 thin film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liping Chen

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 (PSMO thin film is epitaxially grown on (001-oriented LaAlO3 single-crystal substrate using pulsed laser deposition (PLD. It is found that the as-grown PSMO film shows compressive strain in plane and tensile strain out of the plane. Upon annealing at 900°C in the air, the strain is significantly relaxed. The paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition temperature TC shifts from 200 K to 220 K, and the antiferromagnetic insulating phase is suppressed in the phase separated state at low temperature. In addition, the magnetoresistance (MR is found to increase around the ferromagnetic transition temperature, whereas it decreases from 99% to 60% at low temperature of 20 K.

  14. The effect of post-annealing on the structure and magnetotransport properties of Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Liping; Zeng, Jiali; Li, Miao; Tang, Zhenhua; Gao, Ju

    2017-05-01

    Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 (PSMO) thin film is epitaxially grown on (001)-oriented LaAlO3 single-crystal substrate using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). It is found that the as-grown PSMO film shows compressive strain in plane and tensile strain out of the plane. Upon annealing at 900°C in the air, the strain is significantly relaxed. The paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition temperature TC shifts from 200 K to 220 K, and the antiferromagnetic insulating phase is suppressed in the phase separated state at low temperature. In addition, the magnetoresistance (MR) is found to increase around the ferromagnetic transition temperature, whereas it decreases from 99% to 60% at low temperature of 20 K.

  15. Tunable room temperature low-field spin polarized tunneling magnetoresistance of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, P.; Nath, T. K.

    2006-10-01

    The authors have studied low-field spin polarized tunneling magnetoresistance (LFMR) at room temperature of a series of nanocrystalline La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 samples having average crystallite size (ϕ) from 14to150nm. Interestingly with decrease in ϕ, LFMR enhances up to a critical ϕ of 28nm, beyond which LFMR starts decreasing, indicating a pronounced crossover of LFMR value (LFMRmax˜1.67%) with decrease in ϕ. Magnetization versus magnetic field study at room temperature reveals that with decrease in ϕ LFMR increases untill the nanoparticles remain magnetically multidomain (MD), but as soon as it falls in the single domain (SD) regime, LFMR immediately starts diminishing. Their study explores the fact that for MD nanoparticles room temperature LFMR is decided only by surface spin susceptibility (χb), whereas for SD nanoparticles LFMR arises as a result of a sensitive balance between χb and thermal effect.

  16. Modified magnetic anisotropy at LaCoO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabero, M.; Nagy, K.; Gallego, F.; Sander, A.; Rio, M.; Cuellar, F. A.; Tornos, J.; Hernandez-Martin, D.; Nemes, N. M.; Mompean, F.; Garcia-Hernandez, M.; Rivera-Calzada, A.; Sefrioui, Z.; Reyren, N.; Feher, T.; Varela, M.; Leon, C.; Santamaria, J.

    2017-09-01

    Controlling magnetic anisotropy is an important objective towards engineering novel magnetic device concepts in oxide electronics. In thin film manganites, magnetic anisotropy is weak and it is primarily determined by the substrate, through induced structural distortions resulting from epitaxial mismatch strain. On the other hand, in cobaltites, with a stronger spin orbit interaction, magnetic anisotropy is typically much stronger. In this paper, we show that interfacing La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) with an ultrathin LaCoO3 (LCO) layer drastically modifies the magnetic anisotropy of the manganite, making it independent of the substrate and closer to the magnetic isotropy characterizing its rhombohedral structure. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements evidence a tendency of manganite magnetic moments to point out-of-plane suggesting non collinear magnetic interactions at the interface. These results may be of interest for the design of oxide interfaces with tailored magnetic structures for new oxide devices.

  17. Thermo-optic properties of epitaxial Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6 waveguides and their application as optical modulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wen Chao; Mak, Chee Leung; Wong, Kin Hung

    2009-08-03

    A prism-coupler technique was introduced to determine the refractive indices and thermo-optic coefficients of epitaxial Sr(0.6)Ba(0.4)Nb(2)O(6) (SBN) waveguides, in a temperature range covering the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition. A strong enhancement in the TO coefficient is observed near T(c). This strong enhancement is related to the critical change of the polarization. The values of dn(e)/dT are significantly larger than dn(o)/dT due to the larger quadratic electro-optic coefficient in TM polarization. In TM mode, the refractive index of SBN is increased by 1.3% as the temperature is increased to 160 degrees C. Our results suggest that SBN waveguide is a potential candidate for thermo-optic modulators and switches.

  18. Origin of an enhanced colossal magnetoresistance effect in epitaxial Nd0.52Sr0.48MnO3 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhorov, V. G.; Kaminsky, G. G.; Kim, J. M.; Eom, T. W.; Park, J. S.; Lee, Y. P.; Svetchnikov, V. L.; Levtchenko, G. G.; Nikolaenko, Yu. M.; Khokhlov, V. A.

    2011-04-01

    Nd0.52Sr0.48MnO3 films of various thicknesses have been prepared by dc magnetron sputtering on single crystal LaAlO3 (001) substrates. Reducing the film thickness leads to a significant suppression of ferromagnetic (FM) ordering and the Curie point falls below the antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition temperature. When this occurs, a huge rise of the magnetoresistance ratio from 400 to 60 000% is observed in an applied magnetic field of 5 T. We surmise that this new kind of the enhanced colossal magnetoresistance effect originates in the FM/AFM competition and the collapse of the charge-ordered state at high magnetic fields, rather than in the regular double-exchange mechanism.

  19. Efficient carbon dioxide electrolysis with metal nanoparticles loaded La0·75Sr0·25Cr0·5Mn0·5O3-δ cathodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Changli; Hou, Linxi; Li, Shisong; Gan, Lizhen; Xie, Kui

    2017-09-01

    Solid oxide electrolysis cells with La0·75Sr0·25Cr0·5Mn0·5O3-δ (LSCM) cathode can electrolyze CO2 to generate chemical fuels. Nevertheless, the cathode performance is limited by its electrocatalytic activity. In this work, metal nanoparticles including Ni, Cu and NiCu metals are successfully impregnated in LSCM electrode to improve its activity. XRD, XPS, SEM and TEM together confirm the metal nanocatalysts are homogeneously distributed on LSCM backbone and therefore create active electrochemical interface for CO2 splitting. Electrical properties of LSCM with impregnated metal nanoparticles are investigated and correlated to electrode performances. Electrochemical measurements show that the NiCu-LSCM demonstrates the optimum performance without degradation after operation for ∼100 h and ∼10 redox cycles. It is believed that the enhanced performance of CO2 electrolysis may be attributed to the synergetic effect of metal nanocatalyst and LSCM ceramic electrode.

  20. High-Temperature Magnetic Insulating Phase in Ultrathin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschker, Hans; Kautz, Jaap; Houwman, Evert P.; Siemons, Wolter; Blank, Dave H. A.; Huijben, Mark; Koster, Gertjan; Vailionis, Arturas; Rijnders, Guus

    2012-10-01

    We present a study of the thickness dependence of magnetism and electrical conductivity in ultrathin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films grown on SrTiO3 (110) substrates. We found a critical thickness of 10 unit cells below which the conductivity of the films disappeared and simultaneously the Curie temperature increased, indicating a magnetic insulating phase at room temperature. These samples have a Curie temperature of about 560 K with a significant saturation magnetization of 1.2±0.2μB/Mn. The canted antiferromagnetic insulating phase in ultra thin films of n<10 coincides with the occurrence of a higher symmetry structural phase with a different oxygen octahedra rotation pattern. Such a strain engineered phase is an interesting candidate for an insulating tunneling barrier in room temperature spin polarized tunneling devices.

  1. Magnetic anisotropy and magnetization reversal of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films on SrTiO3(110)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschker, Hans; Kautz, Jaap; Houwman, Evert P.; Koster, Gertjan; Blank, Dave H. A.; Rijnders, Guus

    2010-11-01

    The magnetic behavior of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) films grown on SrTiO3 (110) substrates was studied. In-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with the easy axis aligned with the [001] lattice direction was observed, together with an out-of-plane component. This is explained by the crystal structure of the films, which shows a tilt of the (001) planes. This tilt creates a long body diagonal which forces the easy axis out-of-plane and results in magnetic domain formation. The domain size is estimated at 500 nm. The switching behavior of the magnetization is well described by a two-phase model which takes both coherent rotation and domain wall motion into account. These results are of importance for the application of LSMO in tunnel magnetoresistance devices, where the (110) orientation is preferred because of the reduction in the dead layer in this direction.

  2. Magnetization reversal mechanism in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films on NdGaO3 substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathews, M.; Houwman, E. P.; Boschker, H.; Rijnders, G.; Blank, D. H. A.

    2010-01-01

    The field angle dependence of the coercive field of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films grown epitaxially on NdGaO3 substrates with different crystallographic orientations was determined. All films show uniaxial anisotropy. The angle dependence of the coercivity is best described by a two-phase model, explaining the strong increase in the coercive field for increasing field angles, away from the easy axis direction, as well as the sharp decrease for angles close to the hard direction. This implies that magnetization reversal starts with the depinning of domain walls, analogous to the Kondorsky model. With increasing field the reversal in the domains is not abrupt, but is determined by the gradual displacement of the domain walls. These results are of significance for understanding and possibly engineering of the switching behavior of magnetic tunnel junctions.

  3. Temperature measurement based on photoluminescence of Er3+ doped Sr0.3Cd0.7F2 microcrystal coupled to scanning thermal microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trannoy, N.; Sayoud, A.; Diaf, M.; Duvaut, Th.; Jouart, J. P.; Grossel, Ph.

    2015-04-01

    Rare earth doped sub-micrometric luminescent materials are promising candidates for temperature sensing and play an efficient role in many technological fields. In this paper, a new optical sensor is developed for measuring local temperatures. This sensor is based on a thermal-resistive probe and on photoluminescence of a luminescent fluoride microcrystal. The final purpose is to develop a device calibrated in temperature and capable of acquiring images of local temperature at sub-micrometric scale. Indeed, the sensor temperature can be obtained in two distinct ways: one from the thermal probe parameters and the other from the green photoluminescence generated in the anti-Stokes mode by the active Er ions directly excited by a red laser. The thermal probe is based on Wollaston wire whose thermal-resistive element is in platinum/rhodium. Its temperature is estimated from the probe electrical characteristics and a modeling. A microcrystal of Sr0.3Cd0.7F2: Er3+(4%)-Yb3+(6%) of about 25 μm in diameter is glued at the probe extremity. This luminescent material has the particularity to give a green emission spectrum with intensities sensitive to small temperature variations. Using the fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) technique, the crystal temperature is estimated from the intensity measurements at green wavelengths 522, 540 and 549 nm by taking advantage of particular optical properties due to the crystalline nature of Sr0.3Cd0.7F2: Er3+-Yb3+. The microcrystal temperature is then assessed as a function of electric current in the thermal probe by applying the Boltzmann's equations. The coupling of the scanning thermal microscope (SThM) with the photoluminescence probe reveals that the particle fluorescence signal is affected by the temperature rise of an electrical microsystem submitted to a Joule heating. The first results are presented and discussed.

  4. Synthesis and characterization of a Sr0.95Y0.05TiO3-δ-based hydrogen electrode for reversible solid oxide cells

    KAUST Repository

    Ling, Yihan

    2015-01-01

    Reversible solid oxide cells (RSOCs) can generate electricity as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) facing a shortage of electricity and can also store the electricity as solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOEC) at the time of excessive electricity. The composite Sr0.95Y0.05TiO3-δ-Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (SYT-SDC) as the hydrogen electrode provides a promising alternative for a conventional Ni/YSZ. The possible charge compensation mechanism of SYT is described as Sr0.95Y0.05Ti0.95-2δ 4+Ti2δ+0.05 3+O3-δ. The Ti3+ is approximately 11.73% in the reduced SYT by XRD Rietveld refinement, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and thermogravimetry (TG) analysis. Voltage-current curves and impedance spectra are measured as a function of applied voltages to characterize the cells. The bulk resistance (Ro) and the electrode polarization resistance (Rp) at open circuit voltages (OCV) at 750 °C are 9.06 Ω cm2 and 10.57 Ω cm2, respectively. The Ro values have a small amount of changes with small slopes both in the SOFC (-0.29 Ω cm2 V-1) and SOEC mode (0.5 Ω cm2 V-1), whereas the Rp values decrease all the time with the increasing voltages at both the SOFC (-2.59 Ω cm2 V-1) and SOEC mode (-9.65 Ω cm2 V-1), indicating that the electrical conductivity and electro-catalytic property of the SYT-based hydrogen electrode can be improved under the SOEC mode. This journal is

  5. Engineering Mixed Ionic Electronic Conduction in La 0.8 Sr 0.2 MnO 3+ δ Nanostructures through Fast Grain Boundary Oxygen Diffusivity

    KAUST Repository

    Saranya, Aruppukottai M.

    2015-04-09

    © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Nanoionics has become an increasingly promising field for the future development of advanced energy conversion and storage devices, such as batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors. Particularly, nanostructured materials offer unique properties or combinations of properties as electrodes and electrolytes in a range of energy devices. However, the enhancement of the mass transport properties at the nanoscale has often been found to be difficult to implement in nanostructures. Here, an artificial mixed ionic electronic conducting oxide is fabricated by grain boundary (GB) engineering thin films of La0.8Sr0.2MnO3+δ. This electronic conductor is converted into a good mixed ionic electronic conductor by synthesizing a nanostructure with high density of vertically aligned GBs with high concentration of strain-induced defects. Since this type of GBs present a remarkable enhancement of their oxide-ion mass transport properties (of up to six orders of magnitude at 773 K), it is possible to tailor the electrical nature of the whole material by nanoengineering, especially at low temperatures. The presented results lead to fundamental insights into oxygen diffusion along GBs and to the application of these engineered nanomaterials in new advanced solid state ionics devices such are micro-solid oxide fuel cells or resistive switching memories. An electronic conductor such as La0.8Sr0.2MnO3+δ is converted into a good mixed ionic electronic conductor by synthesizing a nanostructure with excellent electronic and oxygen mass transport properties. Oxygen diffusion highways are created by promoting a high concentration of strain-induced defects in the grain boundary region. This novel strategy opens the way for synthesizing new families of artificial mixed ionic-electronic conductors by design.

  6. Single crystalline La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 molecular sieve nanowires with high temperature ferromagnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carretero-Genevrier, Adrián; Gázquez, Jaume; Idrobo, Juan Carlos; Oró, Judith; Arbiol, Jordi; Varela, María; Ferain, Etienne; Rodríguez-Carvajal, Juan; Puig, Teresa; Mestres, Narcís; Obradors, Xavier

    2011-03-23

    Porous mixed-valent manganese oxides are a group of multifunctional materials that can be used as molecular sieves, catalysts, battery materials, and gas sensors. However, material properties and thus activity can vary significantly with different synthesis methods or process conditions, such as temperature and time. Here, we report on a new synthesis route for MnO(2) and LaSr-doped molecular sieve single crystalline nanowires based on a solution chemistry methodology combined with the use of nanoporous polymer templates supported on top of single crystalline substrates. Because of the confined nucleation in high aspect ratio nanopores and of the high temperatures attained, new structures with novel physical properties have been produced. During the calcination process, the nucleation and crystallization of ε-MnO(2) nanoparticles with a new hexagonal structure is promoted. These nanoparticles generated up to 30 μm long and flexible hexagonal nanowires at mild growth temperatures (T(g) = 700 °C) as a consequence of the large crystallographic anisotropy of ε-MnO(2). The nanocrystallites of MnO(2) formed at low temperatures serve as seeds for the growth of La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO(3) nanowires at growth temperatures above 800 °C, through the diffusion of La and Sr into the empty 1D-channels of ε-MnO(2). Our particular growth method has allowed the synthesis of single crystalline molecular sieve (LaSr-2 × 4) monoclinic nanowires with composition La(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO(3) and with ordered arrangement of La(3+) and Sr(2+) cations inside the 1D-channels. These nanowires exhibit ferromagnetic ordering with strongly enhanced Curie temperature (T(c) > 500 K) that probably results from the new crystallographic order and from the mixed valence of manganese.

  7. Comparative study of magnetic and magnetotransport properties of Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 thin films grown on different substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj K. Srivastava

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Highly oriented polycrystalline Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 thin films (thickness ∼100 nm deposited on LaAlO3 (LAO, (001, SrTiO3 (STO, (001 and (La0.18Sr0.82 (Al0.59Ta0.41O3 (LSAT, (001 single crystal substrates by ultrasonic nebulized spray pyrolysis have been studied. The out of plane lattice parameter (OPLP of the film on LAO is slightly larger than that of the corresponding bulk. In contrast, the OPLP of the films on STO and LSAT are slightly smaller than the corresponding bulk value. This suggests that the film on LAO is under compressive strain while LSAT and STO are under tensile strain. The films on LAO and LSAT show simultaneous paramagnetic-ferromagnetic (PM–FM and insulator-metal transition (IMT temperature at TC/TIM ∼ 165 K and 130 K, respectively. The PM–FM and IM transition occur at TC ∼ 120 K and TIM ∼ 105 K, respectively in the film on STO substrate. At T 99 % over a very wide temperature range of ∼40 K centred on TC/TIM. In the lower temperature region the magnetic field dependent isothermal resistivity also shows signature of metamagnetic transitions. The observed results have been explained in terms of the variation of the relative fractions of the coexisting FM and AFM–CO phases as a function of the substrate induced strain and oxygen vacancy induced quenched disorder.

  8. Macroscopic phase separation of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-x Se x revealed by μSR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikitin, A M; Grinenko, V; Sarkar, R; Orain, J-C; Salis, M V; Henke, J; Huang, Y K; Klauss, H-H; Amato, A; Visser, A de

    2017-12-12

    The compound Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2 belongs to the intensively studied family of layered BiS2 superconductors. It attracts special attention because superconductivity at T sc  = 2.8 K was found to coexist with local-moment ferromagnetic order with a Curie temperature T C  = 7.5 K. Recently it was reported that upon replacing S by Se T C drops and ferromagnetism becomes of an itinerant nature. At the same time T sc increases and it was argued superconductivity coexists with itinerant ferromagnetism. Here we report a muon spin rotation and relaxation study (μSR) conducted to investigate the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetic order in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-x Se x with x = 0.5 and 1.0. By inspecting the muon asymmetry function we find that both phases do not coexist on the microscopic scale, but occupy different sample volumes. For x = 0.5 and x = 1.0 we find a ferromagnetic volume fraction of ~8 % and ~30 % at T = 0.25 K, well below T C  = 3.4 K and T C  = 3.3 K, respectively. For x = 1.0 (T sc  = 2.9 K) the superconducting phase occupies most (~64 %) of the remaining sample volume, as shown by transverse field experiments that probe the Gaussian damping due to the vortex lattice. We conclude ferromagnetism and superconductivity are macroscopically phase separated.

  9. Magnetoelastic response of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/SrTiO3 superlattices to reversible strain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekker, M. C.; Herklotz, A.; Schultz, L.; Reibold, M.; Vogel, K.; Biegalski, M. D.; Christen, H. M.; Dörr, K.

    2011-08-01

    The influence of an electrically controlled biaxial in-plane strain on the magnetization of superlattices of ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and SrTiO3 was studied for single-layer thicknesses of d = 1.5-13 nm. Superlattices were grown by pulsed laser deposition on both SrTiO3(001) and piezoelectric 0.72Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.28PbTiO3(001), or PMN-PT(001), substrates and have been structurally characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy. Grazing-incidence XRD reveals the vertical homogeneity of the piezoelectrically controlled reversible in-plane strain, even in a 600-nm-thick superlattice containing 100 oxide interfaces. The as-grown strain is almost identical in all superlattices that are coherently grown, with small variations resulting from the partially relaxed growth of the first La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 layer on PMN-PT(001). The magnetic transition temperature decreases with the layer thickness d as a consequence of the finite layer thickness, and the strain-induced response of the magnetization changes its character from that of a long-range-ordered ferromagnet to that of a magnetically disordered (possibly electronically phase-separated) manganite. The strain response of a modified interface layer (“dead layer”) of the thickness dI is distinguished from that of the layer's interior by its different temperature dependence, allowing an estimation of 10 Å < dI < 16 Å for the superlattices on PMN-PT.

  10. Strain-Mediated Inverse Photoresistivity in SrRuO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3Superlattices

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Heng-Jui

    2015-12-09

    © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. In the pursuit of novel functionalities by utilizing the lattice degree of freedom in complex oxide heterostructure, the control mechanism through direct strain manipulation across the interfaces is still under development, especially with various stimuli, such as electric field, magnetic field, light, etc. In this study, the superlattices consisting of colossal-magnetoresistive manganites La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) and photostrictive SrRuO3 (SRO) have been designed to investigate the light-dependent controllability of lattice order in the corresponding functionalities and rich interface physics. Two substrates, SrTiO3 (STO) and LaAlO3 (LAO), have been employed to provide the different strain environments to the superlattice system, in which the LSMO sublayers exhibit different orbital occupations. Subsequently, by introducing light, we can modulate the strain state and orbital preference of LSMO sublayers through light-induced expansion of SRO sublayers, leading to surprisingly opposite changes in photoresistivity. The observed photoresistivity decreases in the superlattice grown on STO substrate while increases in the superlattice grown on LAO substrate under light illumination. This work has presented a model system that demonstrates the manipulation of orbital-lattice coupling and the resultant functionalities in artificial oxide superlattices via light stimulus. A fascinating model system of optic-driven functionalities has been achieved by artificial superlattices consisting of manganite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) and photostrictive SrRuO3 (SRO). With design of different initial strain and orbital states in superlattices, we can even control the photoresistivity of the superlattices in an opposite trend that cannot be achieved in pure single film.

  11. Fakturatze modulu berri baten garapena WMS aplikazioan

    OpenAIRE

    Viseras Arcos, Leire

    2017-01-01

    WMS (WareHouse Management System) aplikazioaren zabaltzea eta aplikazio horri funtzionalitate gehiago gehitzea izan da proiektu honen helburu nagusia. Aplikazio honek logistikako operadore batek dituen funtzionalitate batzuk ditu.Merkatuan dagoeneko existitzen dira logistika aplikazioak, baina aplikazio honek erabiltzaileei aukera gehiago emango dizkie WMS aplikazioak duen atal berri honekin, Fakturazioarekin zerikusia duten prozesuak automatizatu bai dira.

  12. Hydrostatic pressure effect on the spin reorientation transition of ferromagnetic Sm0.7-xLaxSr0.3MnO3 (x = 0, 0.1) polycrystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiyagarajan, R.; Arumugam, S.; Sivaprakash, P.; Kannan, M.; Saravanan, C.; Yang, Wenge

    2017-06-01

    The hydrostatic pressure effect on the resistivity and magnetization of the narrow band gap manganite Sm0.7-xLaxSr0.3MnO3 (x = 0, 0.1) systems has been investigated. At ambient pressure measurements, the parent compound Sm0.7Sr0.3MnO3 showed a ferromagnetic-insulating nature, whereas the 10% La-doped compound Sm0.6La0.1Sr0.3MnO3 showed a ferromagnetic-metallic nature. Furthermore, both samples showed a spin-reorientation transition (TSR) below Curie temperature, which originated from the Mn sublattice and was supported by an antiferromagnetic Sm(4f)-Mn(3d) interaction. Both samples exhibited a normal and inverse magnetocaloric effect as a result of these two different magnetic transitions. Magnetization measurements on Sm0.7Sr0.3MnO3 under pressure did not show an appreciable change in the Curie temperature, but enhanced TSR, whereas an insulator-metallic transition was observed during resistivity measurements under pressure. On the other hand, for Sm0.6La0.1Sr0.3MnO3, TC increased and TSR reduced upon the application of pressure. The metallic nature which is observed at ambient pressure resistivity measurement was further enhanced with 97% of piezoresistance. The pressure did not change the normal magnetocaloric effect of Sm0.7Sr0.3MnO3, but increased it in Sm0.6La0.1Sr0.3MnO3. However, there was not much change in the inverse magnetocaloric effect of both compounds. These studies were analyzed based on the pressure effect on the activation energy and scattering interaction factors.

  13. Monitoring groundwater and contaminated land in the area of the antique driving of SR0A (Vandellos 1,Tarragona); Vigilancia de las aguas subterraneas y del terreno contaminado en la zona de la antigua conduccion de sr0a (Vandellos i,Tarragona)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beltran de Heredia, F.; Madrid Garcia, F.

    2011-07-01

    In NPP Vandellos 1, actually in latent period, there is an area of contaminated land close to the coast, in the S part of the installation, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. This strip of land is situated a pipe that was used for the discharge of liquid waste that ran buried between the treatment plant effluents (SR0A) and the discharge channel circuit last heat sink of the nuclear island. The pipeline would remain on the ground, although the former treatment station has been dismantled.

  14. Effect of doping (Al, La, Sm) on the conductivity of Li0.375Sr0.4375Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Yazhou; Li, Ying; Lu, Jiayao; Wang, Xiaohua; Li, Jiawei

    2017-09-01

    Perovskite-structured Li0.375Sr0.4375Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 is regarded as a promising solid electrolyte for all solid state Li ion batteries. In this work, the effect of trivalent ion (La3+, Sm3+ and Al3+) doping on crystalline structure and conductivity for Li0.375Sr0.4375Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 solid electrolyte is investigated. X-ray diffraction measurement confirms that Li0.375Sr0.4375Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 presents cubic perovskite structure with space group of Pm-3m. Al-doped Li0.375Sr0.4375Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 has pure cubic perovskite structure. But, the doping of La3+ and Sm3+ leads to formation of impurity phases such as La2Hf2O7 and Sm2Hf2O7. AC-impedance analysis indicates that trivalent ion doping leads to decrease of conductivity at room temperature. Among all compounds, Li0.375Sr0.4075La0.02Hf0.25Ta0.75O3 has the lowest activation energy of 0.318 eV.

  15. A metal/Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3/SiO2/Si single film device for charge trapping memory towards a large memory window

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuanyuan; Yang, Tao; Yan, Xiaobing; Zhang, Zichang; bai, Gang; Lu, Chao; Jia, Xinlei; Ding, Bangfu; Zhao, Jianhui; Zhou, Zhenyu

    2017-05-01

    In this study, we present a metal/Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3/SiO2/Si (MBOS) structure for charge trapping memory, where the single Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 film acts as the blocking layer and charge trapping layer. This MBOS device structure demonstrates excellent charge trapping characteristics, a large memory window up to 8.4 V under an applied voltage of ±12 V, robust charge retention of only 4% charge loss after 1.08 × 104 s, fast switching rate, and great program/erase endurance. These attractive features are attributed to the high density of defect states in the Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 film and its inter-diffusion interface with SiO2. The properties of defect states in the Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 film are investigated through measurements of photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy. The energy levels of these defect states are found to be distributed between 2.66 eV and 4.05 eV above the valence band. The inter-diffusion at the Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3/SiO2 interface is observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. More defect sites were created to obtain a better charge trapping capability and retention characteristics.

  16. Room temperature insulating ferromagnetism induced by charge transfer in ultrathin (110) La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Zhiyong; Wu, Biao; Zhang, Fei; Zhou, Guowei; Zang, Julu; Xu, Xiaohong

    2017-02-01

    The achievement of high temperature ferromagnetism in perovskite manganites has proved both fundamentally and technologically important for spintronics devices. However, high operating temperatures have not been achieved due to the depression of the Curie temperature and the rapid spin filtering efficiency loss, which are the main obstacles for practical applications. Here, we report unexpected room temperature insulating ferromagnetism in ultrathin (110) oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) films. The relationships between room temperature ferromagnetism, charge transfer, and orbital occupancy are investigated, with X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray linear dichroism (XLD) measurements. Our results suggest that the room temperature insulating ferromagnetism is originated from super-exchange interaction between Mn2+ and Mn3+. The formation of Mn2+ ions is related to the charge transfer induced by oxygen vacancies. Moreover, a preferential orbital occupancy of eg(3z2-r2) in Mn3+ ions is crucial to the in-plane super-exchange coupling in ultrathin (110) LSMO films, resulting in insulating ferromagnetic behavior. This work may lead to the development of barrier materials in spin filter tunnel junctions and understanding of ferromagnetic coupling in insulating perovskite films.

  17. Grain-size controlled thermoelectric efficiency in LaCoO3 and La0.9Sr0.1CoO3 system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taran, Subhrangsu; Yang, H. D.

    2017-05-01

    A detailed grain-size dependent thermoelectric study of LaCoO3 (group-A) and La0.9Sr0.1CoO3 (group-B) has been performed. All the samples in the present study has been prepared by sol-gel technique and the grain-size has been varied by controlling the final sintering temperature of the samples. XRD analysis confirms the single phase behavior of all the samples with rhombohedral phase symmetry. The grain size of the samples can be well determined from the analysis of the room temperature XRD and SEM data. The temperature dependent resistivity data of all the samples showed semiconducting nature throughout the temperature range (50-300K) for both group-A and B samples however the magnitude or the resistivity (ρ) is drastically reduced with Sr-doping within the LaCoO3 as well as with the increase of the sintering temperature (with the increase of grain-size). Unlike ρ-T, the temperature dependent thermopower (S) doesn't show much variation with the variation of grain size for both group of samples. The power factor (PF=S2/ρ) calculated at room temperature showed much improvement with the increase of grain-size as well as with the doping of Sr within the LaCoO3 system. Probable mechanisms responsible for the observed results have been discussed.

  18. CO Sensing Properties of Nanostructured La0.8Sr0.2CoO3 Sensors Synthesized by EDTA-Glycol Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Chaudhari

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We report a simple method for the preparation of pure LaCoO3 and La1-xSrxCoO3 (x = 0.1, 0.2 and 0.25 nanostructures by the EDTA-Glycol method. The final powders obtained by this method have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM measurements. The gas sensitivity of pure and Sr doped LaCoO3 samples were investigated for CO, NH3, H2 and LPG. La0.8Sr0.2CoO3 powders (sample GIII calcined at 6500C, exhibited a good sensor response towards CO gas at 2500C. On impregnation of 1 wt.% Pd over sample GIII, the operation temperature reduced to 2000C with a significant rise in sensitivity. The response time also decreases from about 3.5 min for sample GIII to less than 2.5 min for the Pd loaded element. The electronic interaction between Pd and metal oxide semiconductor is proposed to account for the sensitization effect.

  19. Potentiometric NO2 Sensors Based on Thin Stabilized Zirconia Electrolytes and Asymmetric (La0.8Sr0.20.95MnO3 Electrodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Zou

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Here we report on a new architecture for potentiometric NO2 sensors that features thin 8YSZ electrolytes sandwiched between two porous (La0.8Sr0.20.95MnO3 (LSM95 layers—one thick and the other thin—fabricated by the tape casting and co-firing techniques. Measurements of their sensing characteristics show that reducing the porosity of the supporting LSM95 reference electrodes can increase the response voltages. In the meanwhile, thin LSM95 layers perform better than Pt as the sensing electrode since the former can provide higher response voltages and better linear relationship between the sensitivities and the NO2 concentrations over 40–1000 ppm. The best linear coefficient can be as high as 0.99 with a sensitivity value of 52 mV/decade as obtained at 500 °C. Analysis of the sensing mechanism suggests that the gas phase reactions within the porous LSM95 layers are critically important in determining the response voltages.

  20. Temperature dependent infrared nano-imaging of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Peng; Huffman, T J; Kwak, In Hae; Biswas, Amlan; Qazilbash, M M

    2017-12-11

    We investigate the temperature dependence of infrared properties at nanometer length scales in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin film with a thickness of 47 unit cells grown on SrTiO3 substrate. The infrared nano-imaging experiments were performed using a near-field optical microscope in conjunction with a variable temperature heating stage. The near-field infrared data is consistent with the bulk of the LSMO film undergoing the thermally-driven non-percolative second-order transition from a metallic, ferromagnetic phase to an insulating, paramagnetic phase. We find persistent infrared contrast on the nanoscale that is independent of temperature and which we attribute to two novel phases with different conductivities coexisting in the vicinity of the film-substrate interface. These two coexisting phases at the film-substrate interface do not undergo the metal-insulator transition (MIT) and hence are different from the metallic, ferromagnetic and insulating, paramagnetic phases in the bulk of the film. At temperatures approaching the nominal MIT temperature, repeated scans of the same microscopic area at constant temperature reveal bimodal fluctuation of the near-field infrared amplitude. We interpret this phenomenon as slow, critical fluctuations of the conductivity in the bulk of the LSMO film.

  1. Observation of magnetism in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3—graphene nanoribbons complex: a probable magnetoelectronic material study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Anupama; Datar, Suwarna; Kale, S. N.

    2017-07-01

    Incorporation of good magnetic moment and conductivity in a weakly magnetic matrix via doping of an impurity projects huge applications in the domain of magneto-electronics and spintronics. This is quite challenging because the system has to work in unison so that the there is an exchange of electrons and spins between the magnetic grains and the host matrix. Graphene-nano-ribbons (GNRs) possess defect states at their edges and shows good conductivity with weak magnetism. Such systems are studied as host matrix, in which 10% manganite (La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO)) has been incorporated using octadecyl-amine (ODA) as the conjugating agent to form a GNR-LSMO complex. While Raman analysis of GNR shows reduction in disorder after complex formation, the system shows magnetic transition at 350 K. The magnetic-force-microscopy shows direct evidence of enhanced magnetism as compared to only GNR, especially in the regions where the manganite grains are in proximity to the GNR matrix. A novel magneto-electronic material can be envisaged with further careful grain-boundary engineering.

  2. Thermoelectric and electrical properties of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co x Ru x Fe(12-2 x)O19 ferrite*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Charanjeet; Jaroszewski, Maciej; Bindra Narang, Sukhleen; Ravinder, D.

    2016-04-01

    Thermoelectric and electrical characteristics investigation of M-type hexagonal ferrite, Ba0.5Sr0.5CoxRuxFe(12-2x)O19 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2), have been carried out from 303 K to 473 K. The static current density-electric field characteristics have been measured at room temperature. The Seebeck coefficient indicates n-type behavior at lower substitution and p-type conduction at higher substitution. The different electrical parameters are affected by change in grain size with substitution of Co2+ and Ru4+ ions. The existence of polarons is confirmed from increase in conductivity with frequency. The static conduction due to applied electric field is discussed qualitatively in terms of space charge limited current, ionic hopping, Poole-Frenkel and Schottky-Richardson mechanisms. The large current density has been observed at higher substitution. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Materials for Dielectric Applications", edited by Maciej Jaroszewski and Sabu Thomas.

  3. Preparation of thin-film (Ba(0.5),Sr(0.5))TiO3 by the laser ablation technique and electrical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Soon-Gil; Lee, Jai-Chan; Safari, A.

    1994-09-01

    The chemical composition and electrical properties were investigated for epitaxially crystallized (Ba(0.5),Sr(0.5))TiO3 (BST) films deposited on Pt/MgO and YBa2Cu3O(7-x) (YBCO)/MgO substrates by the laser ablation technique. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy analysis shows that thin films on Pt/MgO have almost the same stoichiometric composition as the target material. Films deposited at 600 C exhibited an excellent epitaxial growth, a dielectric constant of 430, and a dissipation factor of 0.02 at 10 kHz frequency. They have a charge storage density of 40 fC/sq micron at an applied electric field of 0.15 MV/cm. Leakage current density of BST thin films on Pt/MgO was smaller than on YBCO/MgO. Their leakage current density is about 0.8 microA/sq cm at an applied electric field of 0.15 MV/cm.

  4. Aluminum Matrix Composite (AlSi7Mg2Sr0.03/SiCp) Pistons Obtained by Mechanical Mixing Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyzia, Maciej

    2017-12-28

    Metal matrix composites are undoubtedly a group of advanced engineering materials. Compared to unreinforced matrix material, they are characterized by increased strength, greater stiffness, increased wear resistance, better mechanical properties and dimensional stability at elevated temperatures as well as lower density. Due to its very favorable tribological properties for many years research has been conducted on the application of MMC in friction node. The article presents important technological aspects related to the production and properties of composite pistons. Under industrial conditions, a composite suspension (AlSi7Mg2Sr0.03/SiC p 10 vol %) was prepared to allow casting of the semi-finished pistons series. Machining parameters of the working surfaces of the piston were selected on the basis of the turning test made on PCD, PCNM and uncoated carbide tools. The tribological properties of the composite pistons were determined on the basis of the pin-on-disc and the abrasion wear. The scuffing tests carried out under real operating conditions have confirmed the possibility of using composite pistons in air compressors.

  5. Investigation of Jc-Suppressing Factors in Flat-Rolled Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2Fe Tapes Via Microstructure Analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Xianping

    2015-01-13

    Pnictide superconductors will be very promising for applications if wires with high critical current density Jc can allow reel-to-reel large-scale fabrication at low costs. To understand the mechanism(s) that limited Jc in flat-rolled Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2(Sr122) tapes, microstructure analysis has been considered the most direct and efficient way. Here, we report on high-resolution microstructure imaging and analysis on Fe-sheathed flat-rolled Sr122 tapes, which have a Jc as high as 2.3 × 104 A/cm2 at 10 T and 4.2 K. The overlapping nature of the Sr122 plates was clearly observed. Transmission electron microscopy/scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that, besides the cracks formed during the fabrication process, the SrO2 phase and cavities caused by the inhomogeneously dispersed Sr and K are the other important factors suppressing Jc. The wetting phase FeAs at the grain boundaries can be partially substituted by Sn in Sn-added samples. Our findings provide insights that pave the way to further enhance the critical current of the rolled 122 tapes up to the practical level.

  6. Colossal elastoresistance and strain effects on phase-separated Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, L. P.; Wang, F.; Chen, Y. S.; Sun, Y.; Gao, J.

    2012-11-01

    We have studied the electrically tunable strain effects on phase-separated Pr0.5Sr0.5MnO3 films epitaxially grown on ferroelectric 0.67Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.33PbTiO3 (001) substrates. Upon cooling, the film shows a ferromagnetic metal to antiferromagnetic insulator (FMM-AFI) transition at low temperature. Such a transition is depressed and finally disappears in electrical properties with increasing electric field applied on the substrate. Under an electric field of 6 kV/cm, a large reversible resistance drop (∼85%) as well as an enhancement of magnetization is achieved. In situ X-ray diffraction indicates that the substrate-induced strain plays a crucial role in determining the properties in the film by tuning the phase competition between the ferromagnetic metallic and antiferromagnetic insulating state. The FMM-AFI transition in the film is demonstrated to be originated from a large biaxial strain. With decreasing strain, the FMM state is enhanced, leading to a colossal elastoresistance.

  7. Signatures of correlation between magnetic and electrical properties of Tb0.5Sr0.5MnO3 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nhalil, Hariharan; Elizabeth, Suja

    2016-12-01

    Here, we report the dielectric, impedance and transport studies of non-charge-ordered magnetic glass, Tb0.5Sr0.5MnO3 single crystals. The temperature- and frequency-dependent real (ε') and imaginary (ε'' or tanδ) parts of the dielectric constant display large frequency dispersion. The colossal dielectric constant observed (≈ 3000) above 100 K is considered extrinsic. The activation energy of thermally activated relaxation is calculated using the Arrhenius law. Interestingly, two relaxation regions, each with different activation energies (E a ) are clearly evident, one occurring above and the other below the glassy magnetic transition temperature (Tg = 44 \\text{K}) . E a relates to the electron hopping between Mn3+ and Mn4+ ions and the origin of dielectric dispersion. E a in the glassy region is lower than that in paramagnetic region due to a lower energy spent in hopping between frozen spins. Bulk capacitance and resistivity derived from impedance measurements reveal anomalies around T g . Electrical transport data between 60 and 300 K shows insulating behavior and the calculated E a is in good agreement with the value obtained from dielectric measurements. Although, these results cannot be interpreted in terms of magneto-electric coupling, the correlation observed between magnetic and electronic states of the system is significant.

  8. Structural Optimization for Wideband Flexoelectric Energy Harvester Using Bulk Paraelectric Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Anuruddh; Chauhan, Aditya; Vaish, Rahul; Kumar, Rajeev; Jain, Satish Chandra

    2018-01-01

    Flexoelectricity is a phenomenon which allows all crystalline dielectric materials to exhibit strain-induced polarization. With recent articles reporting giant flexoelectric coupling coefficients for various ferroelectric materials, this field must be duly investigated for its application merits. In this study, a wide-band linear energy harvesting device has been proposed using Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 ceramic. Both structural and material parameters were scrutinized for an optimized approach. Dynamic analysis was performed using finite element modeling to evaluate several important parameters including beam deflection, open circuit voltage and net power output. It was revealed that open circuit voltage and net power output lack correlation. Further, power output lacks a dependency on optimized width ratios, with the highest power output of 0.07 μW being observed for a width ratio of 0.33 closely followed by ratios of 0.2 and 0.5 (˜0.07 μW) each. The resulting power was generated at discrete (resonant) frequencies lacking a broadband structure. A compound design with integrated beams was proposed to overcome this drawback. The finalized design is capable of a maximum power output of >0.04 μW with an operational frequency of 90-110 Hz, thus allowing for a higher power output in a broader frequency range.

  9. The high-pressure structural configurations of Ca0.2Sr0.8Al2Si 2O8 feldspar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benna, Piera; Nestola, Fabrizio; Boffa Ballaran, Tiziana

    2007-01-01

    -P investigation and deÞ ned the Þ rst-order monoclinic-monoclinic transformation at P ~7.3 GPa as an I2/c-P21/c symmetry change. The structural modiÞ cations induced by the increase of pressure inside the stability Þ elds of I1 and I2/c conÞ gurations as well as the structural behavior of the two phase...... transitions were detailed. The I1-I2/c transition is similar to the displacive ferroelastic I1-I2/ phase transition observed for the same composition with increasing temperature and is related to the increase of the M-site coordination number, with the consequent regularization of Ca/Sr polyhedra......Single-crystal in situ high-P X-ray diffraction was performed at P = 0.0001, 3.2, 4.4, 6.2, and 7.4 GPa on synthetic Ca0.2Sr0.8Al2Si2O8 feldspar (An20SrF80). Data collections conÞ rmed the displacive Þ rst-order triclinic I1-monoclinic I2/c phase transition at P ~4.3 GPa found in a previous high...

  10. Photodiodes based in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/single layer MoS2 hybrid vertical heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Yue; Frisenda, Riccardo; Svatek, Simon A.; Orfila, Gloria; Gallego, Fernando; Gant, Patricia; Agraït, Nicolás; Leon, Carlos; Rivera-Calzada, Alberto; Pérez De Lara, David; Santamaria, Jacobo; Castellanos-Gomez, Andres

    2017-09-01

    The fabrication of artificial materials by stacking of individual two-dimensional (2D) materials is amongst one of the most promising research avenues in the field of 2D materials. Moreover, this strategy to fabricate new man-made materials can be further extended by fabricating hybrid stacks between 2D materials and other functional materials with different dimensionality making the potential number of combinations almost infinite. Among all these possible combinations, mixing 2D materials with transition metal oxides can result especially useful because of the large amount of interesting physical phenomena displayed separately by these two material families. We present a hybrid device based on the stacking of a single layer MoS2 onto a lanthanum strontium manganite (La0.7Sr0.3MnO3) thin film, creating an atomically thin device. It shows a rectifying electrical transport with a ratio of 103, and a photovoltaic effect with V oc up to 0.4 V. The photodiode behaviour arises as a consequence of the different doping character of these two materials. This result paves the way towards combining the efforts of these two large materials science communities.

  11. Potentiometric NO2 Sensors Based on Thin Stabilized Zirconia Electrolytes and Asymmetric (La0.8Sr0.2)0.95MnO3 Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Jie; Zheng, Yangong; Li, Junliang; Zhan, Zhongliang; Jian, Jiawen

    2015-01-01

    Here we report on a new architecture for potentiometric NO2 sensors that features thin 8YSZ electrolytes sandwiched between two porous (La0.8Sr0.2)0.95MnO3 (LSM95) layers—one thick and the other thin—fabricated by the tape casting and co-firing techniques. Measurements of their sensing characteristics show that reducing the porosity of the supporting LSM95 reference electrodes can increase the response voltages. In the meanwhile, thin LSM95 layers perform better than Pt as the sensing electrode since the former can provide higher response voltages and better linear relationship between the sensitivities and the NO2 concentrations over 40–1000 ppm. The best linear coefficient can be as high as 0.99 with a sensitivity value of 52 mV/decade as obtained at 500 °C. Analysis of the sensing mechanism suggests that the gas phase reactions within the porous LSM95 layers are critically important in determining the response voltages. PMID:26205270

  12. Study of the effect of Cu doping in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 perovskite materials employing on-line ultrasonic measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thamilmaran, P.; Arunachalam, M.; Sankarrajan, S.; Sakthipandi, K.; Samuel, E. James Jebaseelan; Sivabharathy, M.

    2017-12-01

    On-line ultrasonic measurements were taken on La0.7Sr0.3CuxMn1-xO3 polycrystalline perovskite materials (with x = 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15), which were prepared using the solid-state reaction technique. X-ray diffraction patterns of the samples confirmed the rhombohedral structure with R3c space group. The obtained X-ray spectra from the energy-dispersive analysis confirmed the elemental composition of the prepared samples. Scanning electron microscopy was used to determine the size of the particles in the samples. The substitution of copper in the Mn site was found to affect the Mn3+/Mn4+ ratio and the density of the charge carriers. The substitution caused an additional disorder that weakened the double-exchange (DE) interaction and reduced the ferromagnetic order. The temperature dependence of the elastic constants derived from the ultrasonic velocities revealed interesting features in the samples. The elastic constants indicated a short-range ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition at temperatures (TC) of 358, 341 and 328 K for the samples with compositions (x) of 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15, respectively.

  13. Strain induced ferromagnetism and large magnetoresistance of epitaxial La1.5Sr0.5CoMnO6 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishna Murthy, J.; Jyotsna, G.; N, Nileena; Anil Kumar, P. S.

    2017-08-01

    In this study, the structural, magnetic, and magneto-transport properties of La1.5Sr0.5CoMnO6 (LSCMO) thin films deposited on a SrTiO3 (001) substrate were investigated. A normal θ/2θ x-ray diffraction, rocking curve, ϕ-scan, and reciprocal space mapping data showed that prepared LSCMO thin films are single phase and highly strained with epitaxial nature. Temperature vs. magnetization of LSCMO films exhibits strain-induced ferromagnetic ordering with TC ˜ 165 K. In contrast to the bulk samples, there was no exchange bias and canted type antiferromagnetic and spin glass behavior in films having thickness (t) ≤ 26 nm. Temperature dependent resistivity data were explained using Schnakenberg's model and the polaron hopping conduction process. The slope change in resistivity and magnetoresistance maximum (˜65%) around TC indicates the existence of a weak double exchange mechanism between the mixed valence states of transition metal ions. Suppression of spin dependent scattering with the magnetic field is attributed for the large negative magnetoresistance in LSCMO films.

  14. Parallel charge sheets of electron liquid and gas in La0.5Sr0.5TiO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renshaw Wang, X.; Sun, L.; Huang, Z.; Lü, W. M.; Motapothula, M.; Annadi, A.; Liu, Z. Q.; Zeng, S. W.; Venkatesan, T.; Ariando

    2015-12-01

    We show here a new phenomenon in La0.5Sr0.5TiO3/SrTiO3 (LSTO/STO) heterostructures; that is a coexistence of three-dimensional electron liquid (3DEL) and 2D electron gas (2DEG), separated by an intervening insulating LSTO layer. The two types of carriers were revealed through multi-channel analysis of the evolution of nonlinear Hall effect as a function of film thickness, temperature and back gate voltage. We demonstrate that the 3D electron originates from La doping in LSTO film and the 2D electron at the surface of STO is due to the polar field in the intervening insulating layer. As the film thickness is reduced below a critical thickness of 6 unit cells (uc), an abrupt metal-to-insulator transition (MIT) occurs without an intermediate semiconducting state. The properties of the LSTO layer grown on different substrates suggest that the insulating phase of the intervening layer is a result of interface strain induced by the lattice mismatch between the film and substrate. Further, by fitting the magnetoresistance (MR) curves, the 6 unit cell thick LSTO is shown to exhibit spin-orbital coupling. These observations point to new functionalities, in addition to magnetism and superconductivity in STO-based systems, which could be exploited in a multifunctional context.

  15. Study of magnetic ordering in the perovskite manganites Pr0.6Sr0.4CrxMn1-xO3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. S. Ge

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Powder samples of the ABO3 perovskite manganites Pr0.6Sr0.4CrxMn1-xO3 (0.00≤x≤0.30 were synthesized using the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction analyses showed that all the samples had a single-phase orthorhombic structure. By analyzing magnetic parameters on the basis of the O2p itinerant electron model, we found that there are two magnetic transition temperatures, TCM and TCP, corresponding to changes in the magnetic ordering for the Mn and Pr cations, respectively. The magnetic moments of Mn3+ and Cr3+ cations within the B sublattice show canted ferromagnetic coupling, and the magnetic moments of the Pr cations within the A sublattice also show canted ferromagnetic coupling. However, the total magnetic moment of the A sublattice shows antiferromagnetic coupling against that of the B sublattice. The assumption of the canted ferromagnetic coupling within the B sublattice was confirmed using magnetoresistance experimental results.

  16. The Influence of Magnetic Inhomogeneous State on Thermopower and Magnetothermopower in Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 Manganites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koroleva L.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Thermopower α and magnetothermopower ∆α/α were studied in the single-crystal Sm0.55Sr0.45MnO3 samples, containing clusters of following three types: ferromagnetic clusters with the Curie temperature TC = 134 K, A-type antiferromagnetic clusters with the Neel temperature TNA ≤ TC and CE-type antiferromagnetic clusters with the TNCE = 240 K. Temperature dependence of α and ∆α/α have extrema in the TNCE-region: large maximum on α(T and sharp minimum on {∆α/α}(T. Negative magnetothermopower in minimum achieves the giant value 50% in magnetic field H = 13,2 kOe. As will be shown below thermopower is essentially caused by the presence of CE-type antiferromagnetic clusters, in which exists charge order (CO, displacing oxygen ions. Modified crystalline lattice inside clusters causes change of thermopower in them. This thermopower influences on the voltage drop on sample at measurement of thermopower and, consequently, on the effective value α of the whole sample. Enclosure of the magnetic field in the TNCE, which accelerates the destruction of the CE-type antiferromagnetic order, causes sharp decrease of total thermopower. This means that the CE-type antiferromagnetic clusters with CO order are the main contributors to the thermopower of the whole sample.

  17. Temperature dependent infrared nano-imaging of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Peng; Huffman, T. J.; Hae Kwak, In; Biswas, Amlan; Qazilbash, M. M.

    2018-01-01

    We investigate the temperature dependence of infrared properties at nanometer length scales in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin film with a thickness of 47 unit cells grown on SrTiO3 substrate. The infrared nano-imaging experiments were performed using a near-field optical microscope in conjunction with a variable temperature heating stage. The near-field infrared data is consistent with the bulk of the LSMO film undergoing the thermally-driven non-percolative second-order transition from a metallic, ferromagnetic phase to an insulating, paramagnetic phase. We find persistent infrared contrast on the nanoscale that is independent of temperature and which we attribute to two novel phases with different conductivities coexisting in the vicinity of the film-substrate interface. These two coexisting phases at the film-substrate interface do not undergo the metal–insulator transition (MIT) and hence are different from the metallic, ferromagnetic and insulating, paramagnetic phases in the bulk of the film. At temperatures approaching the nominal MIT temperature, repeated scans of the same microscopic area at constant temperature reveal bimodal fluctuation of the near-field infrared amplitude. We interpret this phenomenon as slow, critical fluctuations of the conductivity in the bulk of the LSMO film.

  18. Orientation Control of Interfacial Magnetism at La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/SrTiO3 Interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Er-Jia; Charlton, Timothy; Ambaye, Haile; Desautels, Ryan D; Lee, Ho Nyung; Fitzsimmons, Michael R

    2017-06-07

    Understanding the magnetism at the interface between a ferromagnet and an insulator is essential because the commonly posited magnetic "dead" layer close to an interface can be problematic in magnetic tunnel junctions. Previously, degradation of the magnetic interface was attributed to charge discontinuity across the interface. Here, the interfacial magnetism was investigated using three identically prepared La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin films grown on different oriented SrTiO3 (STO) substrates by polarized neutron reflectometry. In all cases the magnetization at the LSMO/STO interface is larger than the film bulk. We show that the interfacial magnetization is largest across the LSMO/STO interfaces with (001) and (111) orientations, which have the largest net charge discontinuities across the interfaces. In contrast, the magnetization of LSMO/STO across the (110) interface, the orientation with no net charge discontinuity, is the smallest of the three orientations. We show that a magnetically degraded interface is not intrinsic to LSMO/STO heterostructures. The approach to use different crystallographic orientations provides a means to investigate the influence of charge discontinuity on the interfacial magnetization.

  19. Ferromagnetic–antiferromagnetic transition and magnetotransport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1‑x Ni x O3 perovskites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troyanchuk, I. O.; Karpinsky, D. V.; Tereshko, N. V.; Bushinsky, M. V.; Sikolenko, V. V.; Gavrilov, S. A.; Dubkov, S. V.; Silibin, M. V.

    2017-10-01

    The crystal structure and magnetic properties of polycrystalline compounds La0.7Sr0.3Mn1‑x Ni x O3 (x  ⩽  0.37) were studied by neutron powder diffraction and magnetometry measurements, and the magnetotransport properties were also investigated, focusing on the magnetic state of the compounds. The crystal structure of the compounds remains rhombohedral upon chemical doping with Ni ions in the mentioned concentration range within the temperature interval 5–300 K. Doping with nickel ions causes a decrease in magnetization, and the Curie point drops from ~290 K for x  =  0.1 compound down to ~70 K for x  =  0.3 wherein the electrical resistivity of the compounds increases. The compounds with the dopant concentration x  Neutron diffraction measurements of the compounds with x  ⩾  0.25 have showed a gradual reduction in ferromagnetic component, while an antiferromagnetic component of the G-type appears and progressively strengthens with an increase in the dopant concentration. The inhomogeneous magnetic state of the compounds with 0.25  neutron diffraction measurements, is governed by a competition between positive and negative exchange interactions formed between Ni and Mn ions depending on their oxidation state and electron configuration.

  20. Magnetic and electrical transport properties of perovskite manganites Pr0.6Sr0.4MxMn1-xO3 (M = Fe, Co, Ni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. S. Ge

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Powder samples of ABO3 perovskite manganites with the composition Pr0.6Sr0.4MxMn1-xO3 (M=Fe, Co, or Ni, 0.00≤x≤0.25 were synthesized using the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction analyses showed that all three sets of samples had a single phase with an orthorhombic structure. The magnetic moment, μobs, of the samples at 10 K, decreased slowly for x≤0.10, whereas μobs decreased rapidly for x≥0.10. The dependences of μobs on the doping level x for the three series of samples were fitted successfully. In the fitting process, Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni cations were assumed to be trivalent, and the magnetic moment directions of Fe3+, Co3+, and Ni3+ cations were assumed to be canted antiferromagnetically coupled with Mn3+ cations. The cant angle ϕ decreased with the increase in x for x≤0.10 for Fe- and Ni-doped (x≤0.15 for Co-doped samples and increased rapidly when x≥0.10 (x≥0.15 for Co-doped samples. These properties are discussed using an oxygen 2p itinerant electron model, which is very similar to the oxygen 2p hole model proposed by Alexandrov et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117003 (2006].

  1. Crystal orientation, crystallinity, and thermoelectric properties of Bi0.9Sr0.1CuSeO epitaxial films grown by pulsed laser deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizawa, Mamoru; Fujishiro, Hiroyuki; Naito, Tomoyuki; Ito, Akihiko; Goto, Takashi

    2018-02-01

    We have grown Bi0.9Sr0.1CuSeO epitaxial thin films on MgO and SrTiO3 (STO) single-crystal substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) under various growth conditions, and investigated the crystal orientation, crystallinity, chemical composition, and thermoelectric properties of the films. The optimization of the growth conditions was realized in the film grown on MgO at the temperature T s = 573 K and Ar pressure P Ar = 0.01 Torr in this study, in which there was no misalignment apart from the c-axis and no impurity phase. It was clearly found that the higher crystal orientation of the epitaxial film grown at a higher temperature under a lower Ar pressure mainly enhanced the thermoelectric power factor P (= S 2/ρ), where S is the Seebeck coefficient and ρ is the electrical resistivity. However, the thermoelectric properties of the films were lower than those of polycrystalline bulk because of lattice distortion from lattice mismatch, a low crystallinity caused by a lower T s, and Bi and Cu deficiencies in the films.

  2. Optimized fabrication of high-quality La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films considering all essential characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschker, H.; Huijben, M.; Vailionis, A.; Verbeeck, J.; van Aert, S.; Luysberg, M.; Bals, S.; van Tendeloo, G.; Houwman, E. P.; Koster, G.; Blank, D. H. A.; Rijnders, G.

    2011-05-01

    In this paper, an overview of the fabrication and properties of high-quality La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin films is given. A high-quality LSMO film combines a smooth surface morphology with a large magnetization and a small residual resistivity, while avoiding precipitates and surface segregation. In the literature, typically only a few of these issues are adressed. We therefore present a thorough characterization of our films, which were grown by pulsed laser deposition. The films were characterized with reflection high energy electron diffraction, atomic force microscopy, x-ray diffraction, magnetization and transport measurements, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy. The films have a saturation magnetization of 4.0 µB/Mn, a Curie temperature of 350 K and a residual resistivity of 60 µΩ cm. These results indicate that high-quality films, combining both large magnetization and small residual resistivity, were realized. A comparison between different samples presented in the literature shows that focussing on a single property is insufficient for the optimization of the deposition process. For high-quality films, all properties have to be adressed. For LSMO devices, the thin-film quality is crucial for the device performance. Therefore, this research is important for the application of LSMO in devices.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 ferromagnetic thin film grown on PMN-PT by sol–gel method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Zhang

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available We report the preparation of epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films grown on (001-oriented 0.72Pb(Mg1∕3Nb2∕3O3-0.28PbTiO3 substrates by the sol–gel technique. The phase structure, magnetic properties and magnetoresistance of the samples are investigated by using high solution X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, physical property measurement system, respectively. The La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films display a well-defined hysteresis loop and typical ferromagnetism behavior at lower temperature. High magnetoresistance at 5T of 42% appears at 227K for La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin film.

  4. Experiment, mean field theory and Monte Carlo simulations of the magnetocaloric effect in La0.67Ba0.22Sr0.11MnO3 compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masrour, R.; Jabar, A.; Khlif, H.; Jemaa, F. Ben; Ellouze, M.; Hlil, E. K.

    2017-12-01

    Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of the La0.67Ba0.22Sr0.11MnO3 compound are studied by means experiment, mean field theory and Monte Carlo simulations (MCSs). The temperature dependence of the magnetic entropy change and of the adiabatic temperature is also obtained. We have used the experiment results, mean field theory and MCSs. The Curie temperature of La0.67Ba0.22Sr0.11MnO3 compound has been deduced. The field dependence of relative cooling power (RCP) of La0.67Ba0.22Sr0.11MnO3 compound has been given.

  5. Caracterización dieléctrica de la perovskita laminar La1.5Sr0.5CoO4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivas, J.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the behaviour of the real and imaginary components of the dielectric permittivity of layered perovskite La1.5Sr0.5CoO4 have been studied, in the frequency range 20 Hz-1 MHz and in the temperature range 115-350 K. Polycrystalline samples were prepared by the ceramic method. The powder diffraction results showed the pattern of the desired phase together with a small quantities of La2O3 impurities. A comparative study of the electrical and magnetic properties of this charge-ordered compound (TCO∼750 K has revealed a basically semiconductor behaviour with a complex bidimensional antiferromagnetism which can be explained on the basis of a thermally activated evolution of the spin state of the Co3+ ions. A detailed investigation of the dielectric properties of this system has allowed us to identify two superimposed relaxation processes: the first one in the low frequency range (f En este trabajo se estudia el comportamiento de las componentes real e imaginaria de la permitividad dieléctrica compleja en función de la frecuencia (20 Hz-1 MHz y la temperatura (115-350 K de la perovskita laminar La1.5Sr0.5CoO4. Para realizar este estudio preparamos muestras policristalinas utilizando el método cerámico. El análisis por difracción de rayos X mostró la presencia de la fase deseada y una pequeña impureza de La2O3. Un estudio comparativo de las propiedades eléctricas y magnéticas de este compuesto con orden de carga (TCO∼750 K, reveló que básicamente se trata de un material semiconductor con un complejo antiferromagnetismo bidimensional que evoluciona con la temperatura debido a transiciones del estado de espín del Co3+ activadas térmicamente. Una investigación detallada de las propiedades dieléctricas de este sistema nos permitió identificar dos fenómenos de relajación superpuestos: uno presente a bajas frecuencias (f < 102 Hz que se asocia con los procesos de conducción por “hopping” electrónico en este cristal i

  6. Fully Distributed Tunable Bandpass Filter Based on Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 Thin-Film Slow-Wave Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien L. Delprat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents simulation and measurement results of fully distributed tunable coplanar bandpass filters (BPFs with center frequencies around 6 GHz that make use of ferroelectric Barium Strontium Titanate (BaxSr1−xTiO3 or BST-x thin film as tunable material. The two experimental bandpass filters tested are based on a novel frequency-agile structure composed of cascaded half wavelength slow-wave resonators (2 poles and three coupled interdigital capacitors (IDCs optimized for bias voltage application. Devices with gap dimensions of 10 and 3 μm are designed and fabricated with a two-step process on polycrystalline Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 thin films deposited on alumina substrate. A frequency tunability of 9% is obtained for the 10 μm gap structure at ±30 V with 7 dB insertion loss (the BST dielectric tunability being 26% with 0.04 loss tangent for this gap size. When the structure gap is reduced to 3 μm the center frequency shifts with a constant 9 dB insertion loss from 6.95 GHz at 0 V to 9.05 GHz at ±30 V, thus yielding a filter tunability of 30% (the BST dielectric tunability being 60% with 0.04 loss tangent for this gap size, a performance comparable to some extent to localized or lumped element BPFs operating at microwave frequency (>2 GHz.

  7. Tuning the optical, electrical and magnetic properties of Ba(0.5)Sr(0.5)Ti(x)M(1-x)O3 (BST) nanopowders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turky, Ali Omar; Rashad, Mohamed Mohamed; Kandil, Abd El-Hakim Taha; Bechelany, Mikhael

    2015-05-21

    Metal doped barium strontium titanate (BST; Ba0.5Sr0.5TixM1-xO3) nanopowders have been successfully synthesized through the oxalate precursor route based on low cost starting materials. The effect of metal ion substitution, namely Fe(3+), Mn(2+), Co(2+) and Y(3+), on the crystal structure, microstructure and optical, electrical, dielectric and magnetic properties of BST was studied. The results revealed that a crystalline single cubic BST phase was formed for pure and Mn(2+), Co(2+) and Y(3+) ion-substituted BST samples, whereas a tetragonal BST structure was obtained for the Fe(3+) substituted BST sample at an annealing temperature of 1000 °C for 2 h. Furthermore, addition of the metal ions was found to decrease the crystallite size and unit cell volume of the produced BST phase. The microstructure of the produced pure BST phase was metal ion dependent. Most BST particles appeared as a cubic like structure. The transparency of BST was found to increase with metal substitution. Meanwhile, the band gap energy was increased from 3.4 eV for pure BST to 3.8, 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 eV as the result of substitution by Fe(3+), Mn(2+) and Co(2+) and Y(3+) ions, respectively. The DC resistivity was metal ion dependent. The highest DC resistivity (ρ = 66.60 × 10(5) Ω cm) was accomplished with the Mn(2+) ion. Moreover, the addition of metal ions decreased the dielectric properties of the expected Mn(2+) ion and increased the magnetic properties.

  8. Preparation Process and Dielectric Properties of Ba(0.5)Sr(0.5)TiO3-P(VDF-CTFE) Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lin; Wu, Peixuang; Li, Yongtang; Cheng, Z. -Y.; Brewer, Jeffrey C.

    2014-01-01

    Ceramic-polymer 0-3 nanocomposites, in which nanosized Ba(0.5)Sr(0.5)TiO3 (BST) powders were used as ceramic filler and P(VDF-CTFE) 88/12 mol% [poly(vinylidene fluoridechlorotrifluoroethylene)] copolymer was used as matrix, were studied over a concentration range from 0 to 50 vol.% of BST powders. It is found that the solution cast composites are porous and a hot-press process can eliminate the porosity, which results in a dense composite film. Two different configurations used in the hot-press process are studied. Although there is no clear difference in the uniformity and microstructure of the composites prepared using these two configurations, the composite prepared using one configuration exhibit a higher dielectric constant with a lower loss. For the composite with 40 vol. BST, a dielectric constant of 70 with a loss of 0.07 at 1 kHz is obtained at room temperature. The composites exhibit a lower dielectric loss than the polymer matrix at high frequency. However, at low frequency, the composites exhibit a higher loss than the polymer matrix due to a low frequency relaxation process that appears in the composites. It is believed that this relaxation process is related to the interfacial layer formed between BST particle and the polymer matrix. The temperature dependence of the dielectric property of the composites was studied. It is found that the dielectric constant of these composites is almost independent of the temperature over a temperature range from 20 to 120 C. Key words: A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs); B. Electrical Properties; E. Casting; E. Heat treatment; Dielectric properties.

  9. Electrostatic versus Electrochemical Doping and Control of Ferromagnetism in Ion-Gel-Gated Ultrathin La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Jeff; Wang, Helin; Luo, Bing; Frisbie, C Daniel; Leighton, Chris

    2016-08-23

    Recently, electrolyte gating techniques employing ionic liquids/gels in electric double layer transistors have proven remarkably effective in tuning charge carrier density in a variety of materials. The ability to control surface carrier densities at levels above 10(14) cm(-2) has led to widespread use in the study of superconductivity, insulator-metal transitions, etc. In many cases, controversy remains over the doping mechanism, however (i.e., electrostatic vs electrochemical (e.g., redox-based)), and the technique has been less applied to magnetic materials. Here, we discuss ion gel gating of nanoscale 8-unit-cell-thick hole-doped La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ (LSCO) films, probing in detail the critical bias windows and doping mechanisms. The LSCO films, which are under compressive stress on LaAlO3(001) substrates, are metallic and ferromagnetic (Curie temperature, TC ∼ 170 K), with strong anomalous Hall effect and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Transport measurements reveal that negative gate biases lead to reversible hole accumulation (i.e., predominantly electrostatic operation) up to some threshold, whereas positive bias immediately induces irreversibility. Experiments in inert/O2 atmospheres directly implicate oxygen vacancies in this irreversibility, supported by atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results are thus of general importance, suggesting that hole- and electron-doped oxides may respond very differently to electrolyte gating. Reversible voltage control of electronic/magnetic properties is then demonstrated under hole accumulation, including resistivity, magnetoresistance, and TC. The sizable anomalous Hall coefficient and perpendicular anisotropy in LSCO provide a particularly powerful probe of magnetism, enabling direct extraction of the voltage-dependent order parameter and TC shift. The latter amounts to ∼7%, with potential for much stronger modulation at lower Sr doping.

  10. Synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3−δ perovskite oxide for oxygen reactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Silva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Perovskites are important alternatives for precious metals as catalysts for bifunctional oxygen electrodes, involving oxygen evolution (OER and reduction (ORR reactions as is the case of regenerative fuel cells. In this work, strontium doped lanthanum ferrite La1−xSrxFeO3−δ (x = 0; 0.1; 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; 0.6 and 1.0 powders were prepared by a self-combustion route. The oxides, in the form of carbon paste electrodes, were characterised by cyclic voltammetry in alkaline solutions. Data analyses lead to the selection of La0.8Sr0.2FeO3−δ to prepare gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs. Cyclic voltammetry and steady state polarization curves were used, respectively, to assess the electrochemical behaviour of GDEs and to obtain kinetic data for both OER and ORR. It is concluded that the oxide preparation conditions/electrode configuration determine the electrode performance. The bifunctionality of the electrodes was assessed, under galvanostatic control, using a cycling protocol within the potential domains for OER and ORR. The potential window, i.e., the total combined overpotential between OER and ORR was found to be of ≈770 mV, value which compares well with that obtained under potentiostatic control. Even though the potential window keeps constant during 140 cycles, the increase in cycling time and/or current density (≥2.5 mA·cm−2 led to a gradual metallization of the GDE surface, as confirmed by Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis.

  11. Chromium deposition and poisoning of La(0.8)Sr(0.2)MnO3 oxygen electrodes of solid oxide electrolysis cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kongfa; Hyodo, Junji; Dodd, Aaron; Ai, Na; Ishihara, Tatsumi; Jian, Li; Jiang, San Ping

    2015-01-01

    The effect of the presence of an Fe-Cr alloy metallic interconnect on the performance and stability of La(0.8)Sr(0.2)MnO3 (LSM) oxygen electrodes is studied for the first time under solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) operating conditions at 800 °C. The presence of the Fe-Cr interconnect accelerates the degradation and delamination processes of the LSM oxygen electrodes. The disintegration of LSM particles and the formation of nanoparticles at the electrode/electrolyte interface are much faster as compared to that in the absence of the interconnect. Cr deposition occurs in the bulk of the LSM oxygen electrode with a high intensity on the YSZ electrolyte surface and on the LSM electrode inner surface close to the electrode/electrolyte interface. SIMS, GI-XRD, EDS and XPS analyses clearly identify the deposition and formation of chromium oxides and strontium chromate on both the electrolyte surface and electrode inner surface. The anodic polarization promotes the surface segregation of SrO and depresses the generation of manganese species such as Mn(2+). This is evidently supported by the observation of the deposition of SrCrO4, rather than (Cr,Mn)3O4 spinels as in the case under the operating conditions of solid oxide fuel cells. The present results demonstrate that the Cr deposition is essentially a chemical process, initiated by the nucleation and grain growth reaction between the gaseous Cr species and segregated SrO on LSM oxygen electrodes under SOEC operating conditions.

  12. Dual-templating synthesis of three-dimensionally ordered macroporous La(0.6)Sr(0.4)MnO3-supported Ag nanoparticles: controllable alignments and super performance for the catalytic combustion of methane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arandiyan, Hamidreza; Dai, Hongxing; Deng, Jiguang; Wang, Yuan; Xie, Shaohua; Li, Junhua

    2013-11-25

    Highly dispersed Ag nanoparticles supported on high-surface-area 3DOM La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 were successfully generated via the dimethoxytetraethylene glycol-assisted gas bubbling reduction route. The macroporous materials showed super catalytic performance for methane combustion.

  13. In situ formation of oxygen vacancy in perovskite Sr0.95Ti0.8Nb0.1M0.1O3 (M = Mn, Cr) toward efficient carbon dioxide electrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Xie, Kui; Wei, Haoshan; Qin, Qingqing; Qi, Wentao; Yang, Liming; Ruan, Cong; Wu, Yucheng

    2014-01-01

    In this work, redox-active Mn or Cr is introduced to the B site of redox stable perovskite Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3.00 to create oxygen vacancies in situ after reduction for high-temperature CO2 electrolysis. Combined analysis using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis confirms the change of the chemical formula from oxidized Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3.00 to reduced Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O2.90 for the bare sample. By contrast, a significant concentration of oxygen vacancy is additionally formed in situ for Mn- or Cr-doped samples by reducing the oxidized Sr0.95Ti0.8Nb0.1M0.1O3.00 (M = Mn, Cr) to Sr0.95Ti0.8Nb0.1M0.1O2.85. The ionic conductivities of the Mn- and Cr-doped titanate improve by approximately 2 times higher than bare titanate in an oxidizing atmosphere and 3–6 times higher in a reducing atmosphere at intermediate temperatures. A remarkable chemical accommodation of CO2 molecules is achieved on the surface of the reduced and doped titanate, and the chemical desorption temperature reaches a common carbonate decomposition temperature. The electrical properties of the cathode materials are investigated and correlated with the electrochemical performance of the composite electrodes. Direct CO2 electrolysis at composite cathodes is investigated in solid-oxide electrolyzers. The electrode polarizations and current efficiencies are observed to be significantly improved with the Mn- or Cr-doped titanate cathodes. PMID:25403738

  14. La transición de fase I4/mcm→Pm3m en Sr0.5Ba0.5HfO3-δ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamas, D.

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available The effect of partial substitution of cations in AMO3 compounds have been studied because the physical properties and applications of these materials can be improved. In particular we are interested in the Sr1-xBaxHfO3 family. In SrHfO3 the phase transition to cubic structure has been observed to occur when the angle between two consecutive oxygen octahedra tends to zero. Instead in BaHfO3 no phase transition was observed. These facts were attributed to depend on the atomic radius of A cation. In this contribution the study of Sr0.5Ba0.5HfO3 oxide is shown. The compound was prepared by the high temperature solid state reaction method and analyzed by X-ray diffraction and Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC Spectroscopy at different temperatures. Diffraction studies revealed that about 400-420º C a structural phase transition from I4/mcm to Pm3m occurred by tending to zero the rotation angle. By PAC this transition was also observed. In the cubic phase the electric field gradient EFG measured were produced by defects. The same model applied to interpreted the results of BaTi1-xHfxO3 and the atomic positions determined by X-ray diffraction were used. This calculation reproduces reasonably the temperature dependence of the EFG measured by PAC.Los AMO3, llamados perovskitas, forman una gran familia de compuestos que presentan a su vez diversas propiedades físicas así como enormes aplicaciones tecnológicas. Es posible expandir esta familia y sus propiedades y aplicaciones, sustituyendo los cationes Ay M originales por diferentes A’ y M’. En este trabajo presentamos el estudio del compuesto Sr1-xBaxHfO3 con x=0.5. El óxido fue preparado por el método de reacción en fase sólida. La muestra fue analizada por difracción de Rayos X y por espectroscopía de Correlaciones Angulares Perturbadas (PAC a diferentes temperaturas. El estudio cristalográfico del material reveló que entre 400 y 420ºC se produce la transición de fase de estructura I4

  15. Characteristics of Sr0.92Y0.08Ti1-yNiyO3-δ anode and Ni-infiltrated Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3-δ anode using CH4 fuel in solid oxide fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Eun Kyoung; Lee, Soonil; Yun, Jeong Woo

    2018-01-01

    Strontium titanium oxide co-doped with yttrium and nickel (SrxY1-xTiyNi1-yO3-δ; hereafter, SYTN), was investigated as an alternative anode material for solid oxide fuel cells. To improve the ionic conductivity of the Sr0.92Y0.08TiO3-δ (SYT) anode, Ni2+ was substituted into the B-site (initially occupied by Ti4+), thereby forming oxygen vacancies. To analyze the effects of Ni-doping in the SYT anode, the electrochemical properties of the SYTN anode were compared with those of the Ni-infiltrated SYT(Ni@SYT) using H2 and CH4 as fuels. The electrochemical reactions at the SYTN anode in the presence of both H2 and CH4 were limited by relatively slow reactions, such as non-charged processes including oxygen surface exchange and solid surface diffusion. The high electrical conductivity and excellent catalytic activity of the Ni nanoparticles in the Ni@SYT anode led to improved cell performance. CH4 decomposition at the Ni@SYT anode occurred via thermal pyrolysis of CH4 rather than by steam methane reforming, resulting in carbon deposition. In comparison, the poor inherent catalytic activity for CH4 oxidation exhibited by the SYTN anode minimized carbon deposition on the anode surface.

  16. Low-temperature transverse magnetic domains in nominally uniaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films on NdGaO3 (0 0 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, L. C.; Ghidini, M.; Moya, X.; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S. S.; Mathur, N. D.

    2013-01-01

    Epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films grown on orthorhombic NdGaO3 (0 0 1) substrates show predominantly uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. On cooling, we observe the growth of a biaxial contribution, which we quantify by fitting magnetometry data to a coherent rotation model. A film grown under deliberately sub-optimal conditions shows a relatively stronger biaxial contribution that results in a significant population of transverse magnetic domains below ˜200 K, as revealed by photoemission electron microscopy with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism contrast. Care should be taken to avoid these transverse domains in spintronic devices designed to exploit the high low-temperature spin-polarization of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3.

  17. Correlation between thermal vibration and conductivity in La0.9Sr0.1B0.9Mg0.1O3-δ, B=Al, Ga and Sc

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybye, Dorthe; Nielsen, K.

    2004-01-01

    In order to obtain abetter understanding of the oxide ion conductivity in perovskites, the structure of La(0.9)Sr(0.1)Bo(9)Mg(0.1)O(3 - delta), B=Al, Ga and Sc, have been investigated by time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction at room temperature, 270, 470, 750, 850 and 950 degreesC. For all....... These observations are less biased by the least-squares method than refined parameters. The largest vibrational changes are found for the oxide ions. The magnitude of vibrational changes corresponds well with the magnitude of the conductivity. The oxide ion site in La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.9Mg0.1O3 - delta has the highest...... vibrational change and the highest conductivity. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved....

  18. Impact of lattice strain on the tunnel magnetoresistance in Fe/insulator/Fe and Fe/insulator/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 magnetic tunnel junctions

    KAUST Repository

    Useinov, Arthur

    2013-08-19

    The objective of this work is to describe the tunnel electron current in single-barrier magnetic tunnel junctions within an approach that goes beyond the single-band transport model. We propose a ballistic multichannel electron transport model that can explain the influence of in-plane lattice strain on the tunnel magnetoresistance as well as the asymmetric voltage behavior. We consider as an example single-crystal magnetic Fe(110) electrodes for Fe/insulator/Fe and Fe/insulator/La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 tunnel junctions, where the electronic band structures of Fe and La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 are derived by ab initio calculations.

  19. An X-ray absorption spectroscopic study on mixed conductive La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O(3-δ) cathodes. I. Electrical conductivity and electronic structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orikasa, Yuki; Ina, Toshiaki; Nakao, Takayuki; Mineshige, Atsushi; Amezawa, Koji; Oishi, Masatsugu; Arai, Hajime; Ogumi, Zempachi; Uchimoto, Yoshiharu

    2011-10-06

    The electrical conduction mechanism of mixed conductive perovskite oxides, La(0.6)Sr(0.4)Co(0.8)Fe(0.2)O(3-δ), for cathode materials of solid oxide fuel cells has been investigated from electronic structural changes during oxygen vacancy formation. La(0.6)Sr(0.4)Co(0.8)Fe(0.2)O(3-δ) was annealed under various oxygen partial pressures p(O(2))s at 1073 K and quenched. Iodometric titration indicated that the oxygen nonstoichiometry of La(0.6)Sr(0.4)Co(0.8)Fe(0.2)O(3-δ) depended on the annealing p(O(2)), with more oxygen vacancies introduced at lower than at higher p(O(2))s. X-Ray absorption spectroscopic measurements were performed at the O K-, Co L-, Fe L-, Co K-, and Fe K-edges. The valence states of the Co and Fe ions were investigated by the X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) at the Co and Fe L(III)-edges. While the Fe average valence was almost constant, the valence of the Co ions decreased with oxygen vacancy introduction. The O K-edge XANES spectra indicated that electrons were injected into the Co 3d/O 2p hybridization state with oxygen vacancy introduction. Both absorption edges at the Co and Fe K-edge XANES shifted towards lower energies with oxygen vacancy introduction. The shift at the Co K-edge resulted from the decrease in the Co average valence and that at the Fe K-edge appeared to be caused by changes in the coordination environment around the Fe ions. The total conductivity of La(0.6)Sr(0.4)Co(0.8)Fe(0.2)O(3-δ) decreased with decreasing p(O(2)), due to a decreasing hole concentration.

  20. Highly chromium contaminant tolerant BaO infiltrated La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kongfa; Ai, Na; O'Donnell, Kane M; Jiang, San Ping

    2015-02-21

    A BaO infiltrated La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) cathode shows remarkable tolerance and resistance towards chromium via the formation of BaCrO4 instead of SrCrO4 on the electrode surface, preventing the excess Sr deficiency at the A-site of LSCF perovskite and thus mitigating the Cr poisoning effect.

  1. High-temperature compressive creep behaviour of the perovskite-type oxide Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3 – d

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yi, J.; Lein, H.L.; Grande, T.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Yakovlev, S.

    2009-01-01

    Compressive creep tests have been performed on perovskite-type Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3 − δ ceramics. The activation energy, stress exponent and inverse grain size exponent of the steady-state creep rates are evaluated at p(O2) = 0.21 ∙ 105 Pa and 0.01 ∙ 105 Pa in the stress, temperature and grain

  2. Electrical and structural properties of La0.8Sr0.2Mn0.5Co0.5O3±δ films produced by pulsed laser deposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pryds, Nini; Christensen, Bo Toftmann; Schou, Jørgen

    2005-01-01

    La0.8Sr0.2Mn0.5Co0.5O3 (LSMCO) films for the use as contact layers or protective coatings in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) have been deposited on glass substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). PLD is an obvious technique for thin film production of complex oxides, because of the ability...... pressure, on the electrical conductivity and structure of the films is investigated. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved....

  3. A-Site Deficient (Pr0.6Sr0.4)(1-s)Fe0.8Co0.2O3-delta Perovskites as Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2009-01-01

    Five A-site deficient (Pr0.6Sr0.4)1−sFe0.8Co0.2O3− perovskites (s=0.01, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, and 0.20) were synthesized using the glycine-nitrate process. The perovskites were characterized with powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), dilatometry, four-point dc conductivity measurements, and electrochemical...

  4. Deposition of La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.97V0.03O3 and MnCr2O4 thin films on ferritic alloy for solid oxide fuel cell application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lars; Chen, Ming; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2007-01-01

    Single layer dense films of La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.97V0.03O3 (LSC) and MnCr2O4 with a thickness of 500 nm were deposited on a commercially available ferritic alloy (Crofer 22APU) by large-area Pulsed Laser Deposition. The deposited samples were subsequently oxidized at 1173 K for 500 h in humidified air...

  5. Oxygen stoichiometry and chemical expansion of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d measured by in-situ neutron diffraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McIntosh, S.; McIntosh, Steven; Vente, Jaap F.; Haije, Wim G.; Blank, David H.A.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.

    2006-01-01

    The structure, oxygen stoichiometry, and chemical and thermal expansion of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-ä (BSCF) between 873 and 1173 K and oxygen partial pressures of 1 10-3 to 1 atm were determined by in situ neutron diffraction. BSCF has a cubic perovskite structure, space group Pm3hm, across the whole

  6. Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of (Ba0.5Sr0.5) (Co0.8Fe0.2)1-хNbхO3-δ with different content of Nb (5%-20%)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Egorova, Y.V.; Scherb, T.; Schumacher, G.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Filatova, E.O.

    2015-01-01

    The mixed electronic ionic conducting materials (Ba0.5Sr0.5) (Co0.8Fe0.2)1 хNbхO3 d with partial Nb substitution (x: 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20) for B cations (Co/Fe), synthesized using a solid state reaction method, have been studied by near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Co L2,3-

  7. Interrelation of transport properties, defect structure and spin state of Ni3+ in La1.2Sr0.8Ni0.9Fe0.1O4+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilev, A. R.; Kiselev, E. A.; Zakharov, D. M.; Cherepanov, V. A.

    2017-10-01

    The total conductivity, Seebeck coefficient and oxygen non-stoichiometry for La1.2Sr0.8Ni0.9Fe0.1O4+δ have been measured vs temperature and oxygen partial pressure P(O2). The measurements were carried out at 800, 850, 900 and 950 °C within the P(O2) range of 10-5-0.21 atm. La1.2Sr0.8Ni0.9Fe0.1O4+δ was shown to be oxygen deficient in all temperature and P(O2) ranges studied. The calculated values of the partial molar enthalpy of oxygen depend very slightly on oxygen content (δ), indicating that La1.2Sr0.8Ni0.9Fe0.1O4+δ with the oxygen deficiency can be considered an ideal solution. The model of point defect equilibria in La1.2Sr0.8Ni0.9Fe0.1O4+δ has been proposed and fitted to experimental dependencies. Subsequent joint analysis of the defect structure and transport properties revealed that electron holes can coexist in both localized and quasi-delocalized states in the oxide: the former corresponded to high-spin state Ni3+ and the latter - to low-spin state Ni3+. The mobilities of localized electron holes were shown to be significantly lower in comparison to quasi-delocalized ones. The behavior of localized electron holes was explained in terms of a small polaron conduction mechanism; in contrast, quasi-delocalized electron holes were described in terms of a band conduction approach. The small polaron conduction mechanism was shown to be predominant in the Sr- and Fe-co-doped lanthanum nickelate.

  8. Influence of ionic conductivity of the nano-particulate coating phase on oxygen surface exchange of La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Saher, S.; Naqash, S.; Boukamp, Bernard A.; Hu, Bobing; Xia, Changrong; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.

    2017-01-01

    The oxygen surface exchange kinetics of mixed-conducting perovskite La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 d (LSCF) ceramics coated with a porous nano-particulate layer of either gadolinea (Gd2O3), ceria (CeO2) or 20 mol% Gd-doped ceria (GCO) was determined by electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR). The

  9. Enhanced electrical and magnetic properties in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films deposited on CaTiO3-buffered silicon substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Adamo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the suitability of an epitaxial CaTiO3 buffer layer deposited onto (100 Si by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE for the epitaxial integration of the colossal magnetoresistive material La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 with silicon. The magnetic and electrical properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 films deposited by MBE on CaTiO3-buffered silicon (CaTiO3/Si are compared with those deposited on SrTiO3-buffered silicon (SrTiO3/Si. In addition to possessing a higher Curie temperature and a higher metal-to-insulator transition temperature, the electrical resistivity and 1/f noise level at 300 K are reduced by a factor of two in the heterostructure with the CaTiO3 buffer layer. These results are relevant to device applications of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on silicon substrates.

  10. Preparation and characterization of BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructure grown on SrTiO3 substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chenwei; Zhou, Chaochao; Chen, Changle

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructure is fabricated on the SrTiO (100) substrate using the pulsed laser deposition method (PLD). Magnetization hystersis loops of the BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructure are obtained at 300 K and 80 K. The heterostructure exhibits evident ferromagnetic characteristic at both room temperature and 80 K. At 80 K, magnetization of the heterostructure is stronger than room temperature magnetic measure. The temperature dependence of resistance of the heterostructure with different currents is also studied. With different currents, there appears to be a peak resistance about 180 K. When I is 50 uA, ΔR is 68.4%. And when I is 100 uA, ΔR is 79.3%. The BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructure exhibits a positive colossal magnetoresistance (MR) effect over a temperature range of 80-300 K. In our heterostructure, maximum magnetic resistance appears in 210 K, and MR = 44.34%. Mechanism analysis of the leakage current at room temperature shows that the leakage current is the interface-limited Schottky emission, but not dominated by the Poole-Frenkel emission or SCLC.

  11. Growth and electrical transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on Sr2IrO4 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, E. J.; May, A. F.; Shafer, P.; Arenholz, E.; May, S. J.

    2017-04-01

    We report the physical properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on Sr2IrO4 single crystals. The manganite films are deposited using oxide molecular beam epitaxy on flux-grown (001)-oriented iridate crystals. Temperature-dependent magnetotransport and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements reveal the presence of a ferromagnetic metallic ground state in the films, consistent with films grown on SrTiO3 and La0.3Sr0.7Al0.65Ta0.35O3 . A parallel resistance model is used to separate conduction effects within the Sr2IrO4 substrate and the La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films, revealing that the measured resistance maximum does not correspond to the manganite Curie temperature but results from a convolution of properties of the near-insulating substrate and metallic film. The ability to grow and characterize epitaxial perovskites on Sr2IrO4 crystals enables a new route for studying magnetism at oxide interfaces in the presence of strong spin-orbit interactions.

  12. Revealing the atomic structure and strontium distribution in nanometer-thick La0.8Sr0.2CoO3−δ grown on (001)-oriented SrTiO3

    KAUST Repository

    Feng, Zhenxing

    2014-01-01

    Surface segregation in metal oxides can greatly influence the oxygen transport and surface oxygen exchange kinetics critical to the performance of solid-state devices such as oxygen permeation membranes and solid oxide fuel/electrolytic cell electrodes. Unfortunately detecting elemental distributions at the atomic scale near the surface remains challenging, which hampers the understanding of underpinning mechanisms and control of surface segregation for the design of high-performance materials. Using the coherent Bragg rod analysis (COBRA) method, we report the first direct 3D atomic imaging of a 4 nm-thick "La0.8Sr0.2CoO 3-δ"/SrTiO3 epitaxial film. Of significance, energy differential COBRA revealed pronounced Sr segregation (La 1-xSrxCoO3-δ, x ∼ 0.4) in the four unit cells from the top surface while complete Sr depletion was detected in the five unit cells from the "La0.8Sr0.2CoO 3-δ"/SrTiO3 interface. The drastic strontium compositional changes in the film were associated with large changes in the atomic positions of apical oxygen sites in the perovskite structure. Such Sr segregation tendencies toward the surface were also found in nominal "La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ" thin films, which can greatly enhance the surface oxygen exchange properties of oxides. The results presented here show that COBRA and the differential COBRA methods can be used to investigate a variety of electrochemically active systems providing atomic scale structural and chemical information that can help understand the physical and chemical properties of these systems and serve as a basis for comparison with DFT calculations. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  13. Suppression of slow capacitance relaxation phenomenon in Pt/Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3/Pt thin film ferroelectric structures by annealing in oxygen atmosphere

    KAUST Repository

    Altynnikov, A. G.

    2014-01-27

    The impact of oxygen annealing on the switching time of ferroelectric thin film capacitor structures Pt/Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3/Pt was investigated. The response of their capacitance on pulsed control voltages before and after annealing was experimentally measured. It was demonstrated that the annealing results in suppression of the capacitance slow relaxation processes and increase of the threshold control voltages. These structures can therefore be attractive for fabrication of fast acting microwave devices. © 2014 Author(s).

  14. Creep behavior of perovskite-type oxides Ba0.5Sr0.5(Co0.8Fe0.2)1−xZrxO3−δ

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stournari, V.; ten Donkelaar, S.F.P.; Malzbender, J.; Beck, T.; Singheiser, L.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Compressive creep tests have been performed on perovskite-type oxides Ba0.5Sr0.5(Co0.8Fe0.2)1–xZrxO3−δ (BSCF-Z100·x), where x = 0.01, 0.03, 0.05 and 0.1, for the use as oxygen transport membrane, in air at 800–950 °C and at nominal stresses of 30 MPa and 63 MPa. X-ray diffraction and microstructural

  15. Experimental Evidence for a Glass forming "Stripe Liquid" in the Magnetic Ground State of La1.65Eu0.2Sr0.15CuO4

    OpenAIRE

    Simovic, B.; Hammel, P. C.; Hucker, M.; Buchner, B.; Revcolevschi, A.

    2002-01-01

    We report measurements of the longitudinal ($^{139}T_1^{-1}$) and transverse ($^{139}T_2^{-1}$) decay rates of the magnetization of $^{139}$La nuclei performed in a high quality single crystal of La$_{1.65}$Eu$_{0.2}$Sr$_{0.15}$CuO$_{4}$. We observe a dramatic slowing of the Cu 3d spins manifested as a sharp increase of both $^{139}T_1^{-1}$ and $^{139}T_2^{-1}$ below 30 K. We find that in this temperature range the fluctuations involve a unique time scale $\\tau $ which diverges as $(T-T_{\\rm...

  16. Coprecipitation synthesis and characterization of La0.8Sr0.2Ga(0.8-x)Mg0.2Co(x)O2.8 for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell electrolytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin Goo; Yoon, Hyon Hee

    2012-01-01

    La0.8Sr0.2Ga(0.8-x)Mg0.2CO(x)O2.8 (LSGMC) electrolyte powders containing different amount of Co (0 coprecipitation method. The precursors, the calcined powders, and the sintered pellets were characterized by thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, and an impedance analyzer. The thermal decomposition of the LSGMC precursors was completed at around 900 degrees C with the total weight loss of approximately 35%. The LSGMC samples sintered at 1350 degrees C consisted of the pure perovskite structure. The ionic conductivity was significantly improved by Co doping for the Ga-site of the La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.8 (LSGM) electrolytes. The ionic conductivity of LSGMC (x = 0.1) exhibited the highest values of 1.6 x 10(-1) S cm(-1) at 700 degrees C with an activation energy for the oxide-ion conduction of 0.29 eV. The results of this study indicated that the Co-doped LSGM electrolytes had excellent properties for use as an electrolyte in an IT-SOFC and the ammonium carbonate coprecipitation process could be employed as the efficient method for the preparation of the Co-doped LSGM electrolytes.

  17. In Situ Studies of the Temperature-Dependent Surface Structure and Chemistry of Single-Crystalline (001)-Oriented La 0.8 Sr 0.2 CoO 3−δ Perovskite Thin Films

    KAUST Repository

    Feng, Zhenxing

    2013-05-02

    Perovskites are used to promote the kinetics of oxygen electrocatalysis in solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen permeation membranes. Little is known about the surface structure and chemistry of perovskites at high temperatures and partial oxygen pressures. Combining in situ X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and in situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS), we report, for the first time, the evolution of the surface structure and chemistry of (001)-oriented perovskite La0.8Sr0.2CoO 3-δ (LSC113) and (La0.5Sr 0.5)2CoO4+δ (LSC214)-decorated LSC113 (LSC113/214) thin films as a function of temperature. Heating the (001)-oriented LSC113 surface leads to the formation of surface LSC214-like particles, which is further confirmed by ex situ Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). In contrast, the LSC113/214 surface, with activities much higher than that of LSC 113, is stable upon heating. Combined in situ XRR and APXPS measurements support that Sr enrichment may occur at the LSC113 and LSC214 interface, which can be responsible for its markedly enhanced activities. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

  18. Robust Interfacial Exchange Bias and Metal-Insulator Transition Influenced by the LaNiO3 Layer Thickness in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/LaNiO3 Superlattices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Guowei; Song, Cheng; Bai, Yuhao; Quan, Zhiyong; Jiang, Fengxian; Liu, Wenqing; Xu, Yongbing; Dhesi, Sarnjeet S; Xu, Xiaohong

    2017-01-25

    Artificial heterostructures based on LaNiO3 (LNO) have been widely investigated with the aim to realize the insulating antiferromagnetic state of LNO. In this work, we grew [(La0.7Sr0.3MnO3)5-(LaNiO3)n]12 superlattices on (001)-oriented SrTiO3 substrates by pulsed laser deposition and observed an unexpected exchange bias effect in field-cooled hysteresis loops. Through X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism experiments, we found that the charge transfer at the interfacial Mn and Ni ions can induce a localized magnetic moment. A remarkable increase of exchange bias field and a transition from metal to insulator were simultaneously observed upon decreasing the thickness of the LNO layer, indicating the antiferromagnetic insulator state in 2 unit cells LNO ultrathin layers. The robust exchange bias of 745 Oe in the superlattice is caused by an interfacial localized magnetic moment and an antiferromagnetic state in the ultrathin LNO layer, pinning the ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 layers together. Our results demonstrate that artificial interface engineering is a useful method to realize novel magnetic and transport properties.

  19. Oxygen Non-Stoichiometry and Electrical Conductivity of La0.2Sr0.8Fe0.8B0.2O3 − δ, B = Fe, Ti, Ta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohne, Ørjan Fossmark; Phung, Tan Nhut; Grande, Tor

    2014-01-01

    The oxygen non-stoichiometry was determined by coulometric titration for the perovskite oxides La0.2Sr0.8FeO3 − δ and La0.2Sr0.8Fe0.8B0.2O3 − δ (B = Ti4+ and Ta5+) in the temperature range 600 °C ⩽ T ⩽ 900 °C and the oxygen partial pressure range: 1⋅10-15≤po2≤0.209 atm. The non-stoichiometry (δ......) is observed to decrease with B-site substitution of Fe. The data can be well fitted with simple defect chemistry models. At low oxygen non-stoichiometry all compositions show a deviation from a localized electrons defect model. The standard and partial molar thermodynamic quantities were obtained...... and a gradual transition from localized to itinerant electrons with decreasing non-stoichiometry is proposed from the δ-dependency of the configurational entropy. The absolute value of the enthalpy of oxidation decreases upon B-site substitution of Fe proposing a decreased thermodynamic stability...

  20. Simple synthesis and characterization of vertically aligned Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3–CoFe2O4 multiferroic nanocomposites from CoFe2 nanopillar arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basov, Sergey; Elissalde, Catherine; Simon, Quentin; Maglione, Mario; Castro-Chavarria, Christopher; Herrison de Beauvoir, Thomas; Payan, Sandrine; Temst, Kristiaan; Lazenka, Vera; Antohe, Vlad Andrei; Pereira de Sá, Pedro Miguel; Sallagoity, David; Piraux, Luc

    2017-11-01

    A new strategy to elaborate (1-3) type multiferroic nanocomposites with controlled dimensions and vertical alignment is presented. The process involves a supported nanoporous alumina layer as a template for growth of free-standing and vertically aligned CoFe2 nanopillars using a room temperature pulsed electrodeposition process. Ba0.70Sr0.30TiO3–CoFe2O4 multiferroic nanocomposites were grown through direct deposition of Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 films by radio-frequency sputtering on the top surface of the pillar structure, with in situ simultaneous oxidation of CoFe2 nanopillars. The vertically aligned multiferroic nanocomposites were characterized using various techniques for their structural and physical properties. The large interfacial area between the ferrimagnetic and ferroelectric phases leads to a magnetoelectric voltage coefficient as large as ∼320 mV cm‑1 Oe‑1 at room temperature, reaching the highest values reported so far for vertically architectured nanocomposite systems. This simple method has great potential for large-scale synthesis of many other hybrid vertically aligned multiferroic heterostructures.

  1. La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF64) perovskite nanotubes via sol-gel template synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habiballah, A. S.; Ismail, I.; Osman, N.; Jani, A. M. M.

    2017-09-01

    A ceramic perovskite-oxide of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF64) nanotubes was synthesized via sol-gel templating approach with the aid of nanoporous anodic aluminium oxide (AAO). After the AAO templates were anodized at 80 V, the fabricated templates were immersed into LSCF64 sol for 24 h at room temperature. Then, the samples were dried at 150 °C/15 h and calcined at 680 °C/4 h in air by using a thermal annealing furnace. The FESEM micrographs showed the presence of LSCF64 nanotubes with the diameter of the nanotubes approximately 80 nm, whereas EDX analysis confirmed the nominal stoichiometry of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ. Meanwhile, the XRD pattern confirmed that a single crystalline phase of LSCF64 nanotube was obtained and was congruent to the perovskite-type phase of LSCF64. Results demonstrated the potential applicability of template-assisted synthesis approach for the preparation of a new one-dimensional LSCF64 nanotubes' structure for future nanodevice applications. Possible formation mechanism, as well as the schematic illustration of LSCF64 nanotubes inside the template was also discussed in this paper.

  2. Correlation between hydrogen production rate, current, and electrode overpotential in a solid oxide electrolysis cell with La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ thin-film cathode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walch, Gregor; Opitz, Alexander Karl; Kogler, Sandra; Fleig, Jürgen

    A solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) with a model-type La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ thin-film cathode (working electrode) on an yttria-stabilized zirconia electrolyte and a porous La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ counterelectrode was operated in wet argon gas at the cathode. The hydrogen formation rate in the cathode compartment was quantified by mass spectrometry. Determination of the current as well as outlet gas composition revealed the electrochemical reduction of some residual oxygen in the cathodic compartment. Quantitative correlation between gas composition changes and current flow was possible. At 640 °C a water-to-hydrogen conversion rate of ca. 4 % was found at -1.5 V versus a reversible counterelectrode in 1 % oxygen. Onset of hydrogen formation could already be detected at voltages as low as -0.3 V. This reflects a fundamental difference between steam electrolysis and electrolysis of liquid water: substantial hydrogen production in a SOEC is already possible at pressures much below ambient. This causes difficulties in determining the cathodic overpotential of such a cell.

  3. Structural, transport and magnetotransport properties of Ru-doped La0.5Sr0.5Mn1-xRuxO3 (x = 0.0 & 0.05) manganite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jethva, Sadaf; Katba, Savan; Udeshi, Malay; Kuberkar, D. G.

    2017-09-01

    We report the results of the structural, transport and magnetotransport studies on polycrystalline La0.5Sr0.5Mn1-xRuxO3 (x = 0.0 and 0.05) manganite investigated using XRD and resistivity (with and without field) measurements. Rietveld refinement of XRD patterns confirms the single phasic tetragonal structure for both the samples crystalizing in I4/mcm space group (No. 140). Low-temperature resistivity and MR measurements with H = 0 T & 5 T field show thermal hysteresis which has been attributed to the first order phase transition. The increase in resistivity and decrease in metal - insulator transition temperature (TMI) with Ru - doping concentration in La0.5Sr0.5MnO3 (LSMO) has been understood in the context of superexchange interaction between Mn and Ru ions. The observed upturn in resistivity at low temperature under field has been explained using combined effect of electron - electron (e - e) interaction, Kondo-like spin-dependent scattering and electron - phonon interaction while the variation in resistivity at high temperature (T > Tp) has been explained using adiabatic small polaron hopping model.

  4. Out-of-plane magnetic domain structure in a thin film of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 on SrTiO3 (001) observed by magnetic force microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houwman, E. P.; Maris, G.; de Luca, G. M.; Niermann, N.; Rijnders, G.; Blank, D. H. A.; Speller, S.

    2008-05-01

    The room temperature out-of-plane magnetization of epitaxial thin films of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 on SrTiO3 (001) has been investigated with magnetic force microscopy, using magnetic tips with very small coercivity, relative to the film. A clear magnetic pattern in the form of a checkerboard, with domain dimensions of a few hundred nanometers, was found for the thin, coherently strained films, which is approximately aligned along the maximum strain [110] and [11¯0] directions in the film. With increasing in-plane applied magnetic field, the magnetic contrast reduces, reflecting the rotation of the magnetization vector into the plane of the film. This process is reversible with the field. The out-of-plane magnetic pattern is not sensitive to rotation of the in-plane field. We attribute the observed out-of-plane magnetization component to an out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy, which is a remainder of the [111] magnetic easy axis in bulk La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 single crystal.

  5. (La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO3-δ-Sm 0.2Ce0.8O2-δ composite cathode for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Yonghong

    2014-08-01

    Mixed rare-earth (La, Pr)0.8Sr0.2FeO 3-δ-Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (LPSF-SDC) composite cathode was investigated for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells based on protonic BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y 0.2O3-δ (BZCY) electrolyte. The powders of La 0.8-xPrxSr0.2FeO3-δ (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6), Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (SDC) and BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY) were synthesized by a citric acid-nitrates self-propagating combustion method. The XRD results indicate that La0.8-xPrxSr 0.2FeO3-δ samples calcined at 950 °C exhibit perovskite structure and there are no interactions between LPSF0.2 and SDC at 1100 °C. The average thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of LPSF0.2-SDC, BZCY and NiO-BZCY is 12.50 × 10-6 K-1, 13.51 × 10-6 K-1 and 13.47 × 10-6 K -1, respectively, which can provide good thermal compatibility between electrodes and electrolyte. An anode-supported single cell of NiO-BZCY|BZCY|LPSF0.2-SDC was successfully fabricated and operated from 700 °C to 550 °C with humidified hydrogen (∼3% H2O) as fuel and the static air as oxidant. A high maximum power density of 488 mW cm -2, an open-circuit potential of 0.95 V, and a low electrode polarization resistance of 0.071 Ω cm2 were achieved at 700 °C. Preliminary results demonstrate that LPSF0.2-SDC composite is a promising cathode material for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Flash microwave synthesis and sintering of nanosized La 0.75Sr 0.25Cr 0.93Ru 0.07o 3-δ for fuel cell application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combemale, L.; Caboche, G.; Stuerga, D.

    2009-10-01

    Perovskite-oxide nanocrystals of La 0.75Sr 0.25Cr 0.93Ru 0.07O 3-δ with a mean size around 10 nm were prepared by microwave flash synthesis. This reaction was performed in alcoholic solution using metallic salts, sodium ethoxide and microwave autoclave. The obtained powder was characterised after purification by energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), BET adsorption technique, photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that integrated perovskite-type phase and uniform particle size were obtained in the microwave treated samples. At last the synthesised powder was directly used in a sintering process. A porous solid, in accordance with the expected applications, was then obtained at low sintering temperature (1000 °C) without use of pore forming agent.

  7. La0.3Sr0.2Mn0.1Zn0.4 oxide-Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (LSMZ-SDC) nanocomposite cathode for low temperature SOFCs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Rizwan; Abbas, Ghazanfar; Liu, Qinghua; Patel, Imran; Zhu, Bin

    2012-06-01

    Nanocomposite based cathode materials compatible for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LTSOFCs) are being developed. In pursuit of compatible cathode, this research aims to synthesis and investigation nanocomposite La0.3Sr0.2Mn0.1Zn0.4 oxide-Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (LSMZ-SDC) based system. The material was synthesized through wet chemical method and investigated for oxide-ceria composite based electrolyte LTSOFCs. Electrical property was studied by AC electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The microstructure, thermal properties, and elemental analysis of the samples were characterized by TGA/DSC, XRD, SEM, respectively. The AC conductivity of cathode was obtained for 2.4 Scm(-1) at 550 degrees C in air. This cathode is compatible with ceria-based composite electrolytes and has improved the stability of the material in SOFC cathode environment.

  8. Polycrystalline Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 thin films on r-plane sapphire: Effect of film thickness on strain and dielectric properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fardin, E. A.; Holland, A. S.; Ghorbani, K.; Akdogan, E. K.; Simon, W. K.; Safari, A.; Wang, J. Y.

    2006-10-01

    Polycrystalline Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST) films grown on r-plane sapphire exhibit strong variation of in-plane strain over the thickness range of 25-400nm. At a critical thickness of ˜200nm, the films are strain relieved; in thinner films, the strain is tensile, while compressive strain was observed in the 400nm film. Microwave properties of the films were measured from 1to20GHz by the interdigital capacitor method. A capacitance tunability of 64% was observed in the 200nm film, while thinner films showed improved Q factor. These results demonstrate the possibility of incorporating frequency agile BST-based devices into the silicon on sapphire process.

  9. Optical, ferroelectric and magnetic properties of multiferroelectric BiFeO3-(K0.5Na0.5)0.4(Sr 0.6Ba0.4)0.8Nb2O6 thin films

    KAUST Repository

    Yao, Yingbang

    2014-02-01

    Multiferroic BiFeO3-(K0.5Na0.5) 0.4(Sr0.6Ba0.4)0.8Nb 2O6 (BFO-KNSBN) trilayer thin films, were epitaxially grown on MgO(0 0 1) and SrTiO3(0 0 1) by using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Their ferroelectric, magnetic, dielectric and optical properties were investigated. It was found that both ferroelectric polarization and dielectric constant of the films were enhanced by introducing KNSBN as a barrier layer. Meanwhile, ferromagnetism of BFO was maintained. More interestingly, a double hysteresis magnetic loop was observed in the KNSBN-BFO-KNSBN trilayer films, where exchange bias and secondary phase in the BFO layer played crucial roles. Interactions between adjacent layers were revealed by temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic measurements. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Electrochemical Characterization of La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ Thin Film Electrodes Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plonczak, Pawel; Søgaard, Martin; Bieberle-Hütter, Anja

    2012-01-01

    Electrochemical properties of La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) thin films with well defined microstructures have been investigated. Symmetrical cells were characterized by impedance spectroscopy in the temperature range from 625 to 750°C and the oxygen partial pressure, range from 10-2 to 1 atm...... have only an area specific resistance of 0.38 Ω cm2. It is shown that the polarization resistance of thin films is approximately proportional to the inverse of the surface area of the porous cathodes in the temperature regime 625 to 750°C. The activation energy of the surface oxygen exchange process...... depends on the thin film microstructure as it decreased from 2.4 eV for dense films to 1.6 eV for porous films....

  11. Tuning the electronic properties of ultrathin La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 films by interfacing with superconducting EuBa2Cu3O7-δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Y. H.; Xiong, J.; Haraldsen, J. T.; Yan, L.; Balatsky, A. V.; Jia, Q. X.; Taylor, A. J.; Yarotski, D.

    2013-04-01

    Interfaces between transition-metal oxides provide an intriguing platform for modifying the ground states of single constituent materials and creating desired functionalities for applications in oxide-based electronics. Here, we demonstrate that the metallic and ferromagnetic responses of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) films with thicknesses less than 4 nm, which are insulating when grown directly on SrTiO3 substrates, can be restored through interfacing with a high-temperature cuprate superconductor EuBa2Cu3O7-δ (EBCO). We carried out scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy measurements on the electronic structure of LSMO/EBCO bilayers with thickness of LSMO layer varying from 2 to 7 nm. Our results suggest that the transfer of holes from EBCO to LSMO, caused by the difference in their work functions, is responsible for driving LSMO film with thickness of only five unit cells to the metallic state.

  12. Electric field control of the small-polaron hopping conduction in spatial confined Pr0.7(Ca0.6Sr0.40.3MnO3/PMN-PT heterostructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Kuang

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The electric field dependent high-temperature small-polaron hopping conduction was investigated in patterned Pr0.7(Ca0.6Sr0.40.3MnO3 strips. The small-polaronic activation energy EA and the carrier localization were found to decrease with the reduction of the strip size. Meanwhile, a similar dependence on the strip size was also obtained for the calculated small-polaron coupling constants, which could be related to the strain relaxation in strips. These results indicate that the spatial confinement prefers to delocalize the carrier and reduce the electron-phonon interaction. Furthermore, opposite variation trends of EA under negative and positive electric field were found in the strips with small size, which could be attributed to the enhancement of polarization effect induced by the reduction of strip size.

  13. A comparative study of magnetic field induced meta-magnetic transition in nanocrystalline and bulk Pr0.65(Ca0.7Sr0.3)0.35MnO3 compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Suvayan; Das, Kalipada; Bandyopadhyay, Sudipta; Das, I.

    2017-06-01

    In our present study we highlight the observations of external magnetic field induced sharp meta-magnetic transition in polycrystalline bulk as well as nanocrystalline form of Pr0.65(Ca0.7Sr0.7)0.35MnO3 compound. Interestingly, such behavior persists in the nanoparticles regardless of the disorder broadened transition. However, higher magnetic field is required for nanoparticles having average particle size ∼40 nm for such meta-magnetic transition, which differs from the general trends of the pure charge ordered nano materials. The interfacial strain between the different magnetic domains plays the important role in magnetic isothermal properties of nanoparticles, when the samples are cooled down in different cooling field. Additionally, both the bulk and nanoparticle compounds exhibit spontaneous phase separation and significantly large magnetoresistance at the low temperature region due to the melting of charge ordered fraction.

  14. Large tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/pentacene/Cu structures prepared on SrTiO3 (110) substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamiya, Takeshi; Miyahara, Chihiro; Tada, Hirokazu

    2017-01-01

    We investigated tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR) at the interface between pentacene and La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) thin films prepared on SrTiO3 (STO) (110) substrates. The dependence of the TAMR ratio on the magnetic field strength was approximately ten times larger than that of the magnetic field angle at a high magnetic field. This large difference in the TAMR ratio is explained by the interface magnetic anisotropy of strain-induced LSMO thin films on a STO (110) substrate, which has an easy axis with an out-of-plane component. We also note that the TAMR owing to out-of-plane magnetization was positive at each angle of the in-plane magnetic field. This result implies that active control of the interface magnetic anisotropy between organic materials and ferromagnetic metals should realize nonvolatile and high-efficiency TAMR devices.

  15. Exchange bias and strain effect co-modulated magnetic symmetry in La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/orthorhombic-YMnO3 multiferroic heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Dongxing; Gong, Junlu; Jin, Chao; Li, Peng; Feng, Liefeng; Bai, Haili

    2017-06-01

    The exchange bias and strain effect co-modulated magnetic symmetry in all oxide La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (LSMO) and orthorhombic YMnO3 (YMO) multiferroic heterostructures were studied. Because of the lattice mismatch between the LSMO and YMO layers, the LSMO layer exhibits a 90° rotation growth on the YMO layer. The strain induced growth not only leads to a 90° phase shift in the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) curves, but also brings a two-fold symmetric magnetoelastic coupling energy along the LSMO [1 1 0] direction. With the incorporation of magnetoelastic coupling energy and exchange coupling energy, the exchange bias induced torque shows a phase shift and causes the asymmetry of the peak position and value in the AMR curves. This work illustrates a modulated magnetic symmetry in ferromagnetic/multiferroic systems by interfacial exchange coupling and strain effect, which will benefit the design of magnetoelectric devices.

  16. Fabrication of a Microtubular La0.6Sr0.4Ti0.2Fe0.8O3−δ Membrane by Electrophoretic Deposition for Hydrogen Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyoung-Jin Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Microtubular type La0.6Sr0.4Ti0.2Fe0.8O3−δ (LSTF membranes were prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD. The oxygen permeation and hydrogen production behavior of the membranes were investigated under various conditions. LSTF green layer was successfully coated onto a carbon rod and, after heat treatment at 1400°C in air, a dense LSTF tubular membrane with a thickness of 250 mm can be obtained. The oxygen permeation and hydrogen production rate were enhanced by CH4 in the permeate side, and the hydrogen production rate by water splitting was 0.22 mL/min·cm2 at 1000°C. It is believed that hydrogen production via water splitting using these tubular LSTF membranes is possible.

  17. Plasma Glow Discharge as a Tool for Surface Modification of Catalytic Solid Oxides: A Case Study of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ Perovskite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanxiang Zhang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs is hindered by the sluggish catalytic kinetics on the surfaces of cathode materials. It has recently been reported that improved electrochemical activity of perovskite oxides can be obtained with the cations or the oxides of some metallic elements at the surface. Here, we used a cost-effective plasma glow charge method as a generic tool to deposit nano-size metallic particles onto the surface of SOFC materials. Ni nano-scale patterns were successfully coated on the La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ (LSCF surface. The microstructure could be well controlled. The kinetics of oxygen exchange on the modified LSCF surface was promoted significantly, confirmed by electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR measurement.

  18. Estudio Mössbauer para el sistema La0.7M0.3Mn1-xFexO3-y (M = Pb, Sr, 0.01 ≤ X ≤ 0.3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojo, T.

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available On cooling the compounds of the form La1-xMxMnO3-y (where M is divalent cation show a large decrease in resistivity associated with a paramagnetic to ferromagnetic transition. This transition is known to produce a large negative magnetoresistance, the so-called colossal magnetoresistance (CMR, near the Curie temperature, Tc. In this work the phases La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFexO3-y (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 have been prepared using the ceramic method, and have been characterised by X-ray diffraction, magnetic measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy . The substitution of the Mn ions by Fe ions gives a large decrease of the Curie temperature of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFexO3-y system. The samples La0.7Pb0.3Mn1-xFexO3-y (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 were synthesised by the sol-gel low temperature method. The Mössbauer spectra for all compounds exhibit a splitted peak resulting from ions Fe3+ located in the distorted octahedral site. As the content of Fe3+ increased the cuadrupole splitting of Fe increased.Los compuestos de formula La1-xMxMnO3-y (donde M es un catión divalente al ser enfriados experimentan una gran disminución de su resistividad durante la transición paramagnética a ferromagnética. Esta transición produce una enorme magnetorresistencia negativa, conocida como magnetorresistencia colosal, cerca de la temperatura de Curie, Tc. En este trabajo las fases La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFexO3-y (0.01 ≤x ≤ 0.3 se han sintetizado por el método cerámico. Todos los compuestos se han caracterizado difracción de rayos x, imanación y medidas de espectroscopía Mössbauer. La sustitución de los iones Mn3+ por iones Fe3+ causa una gran disminución en la temperatura de Curie del sistema La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFexO3. Las muestras La0.7Pb0.3Mn1- xFexO3-y (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 fueron sintetizadas a bajas temperaturas utilizando el procedimiento sol-gel. Los espectros Mössbauer de todos los compuestos presentan un desdoblamiento cuadrupolar originado por iones Fe3+ localizados en posiciones octa

  19. Exchange bias and strain effect co-modulated magnetic symmetry in La0.6Sr0.4MnO3/orthorhombic-YMnO3 multiferroic heterostructures

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Dongxing

    2017-05-03

    The exchange bias and strain effect co-modulated magnetic symmetry in all oxide La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (LSMO) and orthorhombic YMnO3 (YMO) multiferroic heterostructures were studied. Because of the lattice mismatch between the LSMO and YMO layers, the LSMO layer exhibits a 90° rotation growth on the YMO layer. The strain induced growth not only leads to a 90° phase shift in the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) curves, but also brings a two-fold symmetric magnetoelastic coupling energy along the LSMO $[1\\\\,1\\\\,0]$ direction. With the incorporation of magnetoelastic coupling energy and exchange coupling energy, the exchange bias induced torque shows a phase shift and causes the asymmetry of the peak position and value in the AMR curves. This work illustrates a modulated magnetic symmetry in ferromagnetic/multiferroic systems by interfacial exchange coupling and strain effect, which will benefit the design of magnetoelectric devices.

  20. La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 Perovskite: A Stable Anode Catalyst for Direct Methane Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelvehnaz Mirzababaei

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Direct methane solid oxide fuel cells, operated by supplying methane to a Ni/YSZ anode, suffer from degradation via accumulation of carbon deposits on the Ni surface. Coating a 40 µm thin film of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF perovskite on the Ni/YSZ anode surface decreased the amount of carbon deposits, slowing down the degradation rate. The improvement in anode durability could be related to the oxidation activity of LSCF which facilitates oxidation of CH4 and carbon deposits. Analysis of the crystalline structure of LSCF revealed that LSCF was stable in the reducing anode environment under H2 and CH4 flow at 750 °C and retained its perovskite structure throughout the 475 h long-term stability test.

  1. Sintering and grain growth kinetics in La0.85Sr0.15MnO3–Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (LSM–CGO) porous composite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ni, De Wei; Andersen, Kjeld Bøhm; Esposito, Vincenzo

    2014-01-01

    The sintering kinetics in La0.85Sr0.15MnO3–Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (LSM–CGO) porous composite was studied by applying a two-stage master sintering curve (MSC) approach and comparing with LSM and CGO single-phase materials. In the two-stage MSC, sintering mechanisms occurring at different stages were...... separated with respect of density, giving a typical apparent activation energy values for each sintering stage of the LSM–CGO system. Compared with the single-phase materials, retardant effect of the different phases on mass diffusion leads to much higher apparent activation energy for densification...

  2. Highly efficient and robust cathode materials for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells: PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co2−xFexO5+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Sihyuk; Yoo, Seonyoung; Kim, Jiyoun; Park, Seonhye; Jun, Areum; Sengodan, Sivaprakash; Kim, Junyoung; Shin, Jeeyoung; Jeong, Hu Young; Choi, YongMan; Kim, Guntae; Liu, Meilin

    2013-01-01

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are the cleanest, most efficient, and cost-effective option for direct conversion to electricity of a wide variety of fuels. While significant progress has been made in anode materials with enhanced tolerance to coking and contaminant poisoning, cathodic polarization still contributes considerably to energy loss, more so at lower operating temperatures. Here we report a synergistic effect of co-doping in a cation-ordered double-perovskite material, PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co2−xFexO5+δ, which has created pore channels that dramatically enhance oxygen ion diffusion and surface oxygen exchange while maintaining excellent compatibility and stability under operating conditions. Test cells based on these cathode materials demonstrate peak power densities ~2.2 W cm−2 at 600°C, representing an important step toward commercially viable SOFC technologies. PMID:23945630

  3. Rotation of the magnetic easy axis in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin film on NdGaO3(112)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, Hiroaki; Houwman, Evert; Boschker, Hans; Mathews, Mercy; Blank, Dave H. A.; Rijnders, Guus

    2009-01-01

    The in-plane magnetic anisotropy is studied for pseudocubic {011}pc oriented La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin film grown on orthorhombic NdGaO3(NGO)(112)o (the subindices "pc" and "o" indicate the pseudocubic and orthorhombic lattice structure, respectively). The direction of the in-plane remanent magnetization of LSMO thin films with different thicknesses is determined. With increasing film thickness the easy axes rotate and the anisotropy changes from uniaxial to biaxial. This is associated with the increasing symmetry of the LSMO with increasing thickness, starting with a monoclinic LSMO structure at the nonrectangular NGO(112)o surface unit cell of the substrate, developing into an orthorhombic structure at the top part of the thickest films.

  4. Carrier tuning the metal-insulator transition of epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin film on Nb doped SrTiO3 substrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Zhan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO thin films were deposited on (001SrTiO3(STO and n-type doped Nb:SrTiO3(NSTO single crystal substrates respectively. The metal to insulator transition temperature(TMI of LSMO film on NSTO is lower than that on STO, and the TMI of LSMO can be tuned by changing the applied current in the LSMO/NSTO p-n junction. Such behaviors were considered to be related to the carrier concentration redistribution in LSMO film caused by the change of depletion layer thickness in p-n junction which depends greatly on the applied electric field. The phenomenon could be used to configure artificial devices and exploring the underlying physics.

  5. Anisotropic modulation of magnetic properties and the memory effect in a wide-band (011)-Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3/PMN-PT heterostructure

    KAUST Repository

    Zhao, Ying-Ying

    2015-04-24

    Memory effect of electric-field control on magnetic behavior in magnetoelectric composite heterostructures has been a topic of interest for a long time. Although the piezostrain and its transfer across the interface of ferroelectric/ferromagnetic films are known to be important in realizing magnetoelectric coupling, the underlying mechanism for nonvolatile modulation of magnetic behaviors remains a challenge. Here, we report on the electric-field control of magnetic properties in wide-band (011)-Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 heterostructures. By introducing an electric-field-induced in-plane anisotropic strain field during the cooling process from room temperature, we observe an in-plane anisotropic, nonvolatile modulation of magnetic properties in a wide-band Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3 film at low temperatures. We attribute this anisotropic memory effect to the preferential seeding and growth of ferromagnetic (FM) domains under the anisotropic strain field. In addition, we find that the anisotropic, nonvolatile modulation of magnetic properties gradually diminishes as the temperature approaches FM transition, indicating that the nonvolatile memory effect is temperature dependent. By taking into account the competition between thermal energy and the potential barrier of the metastable magnetic state induced by the anisotropic strain field, this distinct memory effect is well explained, which provides a promising approach for designing novel electric-writing magnetic memories.

  6. Preparation and characterization of Ba0.2Sr0.2La0.6MnO3 nanoparticles and investigation of size & shape effect on microwave absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peymanfar, Reza; Javanshir, Shahrzad

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, the design and characterization of a radar absorbing material (RAM) was investigated at microwave frequency. Ba0.2Sr0.2La0.6MnO3 magnetic nanoparticles was synthesized thru a facile hydrothermal method in the presence of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and the possibility of shape and size-controlled synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) over the range 15-50 Nm was also explored. Afterward, the effect of shape and size of the synthesized Ba0.2Sr0.2La0.6MnO3 NPs on microwave absorption properties was investigated in KU-band. The crystal structures and morphology of as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized and confirmed by FESEM, XRD, VSM, FTIR analysis. The RAM samples were prepared by dispersion of magnetic NPs in silicone rubber in an ultrasonic bath. The maximum reflection loss (RL) values NPs were 12.04 dB at 14.82 GHz and a broad absorption band (over 1.22 GHz) with RL values <-10 dB are obtained and the maximum reflection loss (RL) values of decrease and shaped NPs were 22.36 dB at 14.78 GHz and a broad absorption band (over 2.67 GHz) with RL values <-10 dB are obtained. The results indicated that the particle size and shape play a major role on the absorption properties of the composites in the 12.4-18 GHz frequency range. It is observed that microwave absorption properties increased with the decrease in average particle size of NPs.

  7. Anisotropic modulation of magnetic properties and the memory effect in a wide-band (011)-Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3/PMN-PT heterostructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ying-Ying; Wang, Jing; Kuang, Hao; Hu, Feng-Xia; Liu, Yao; Wu, Rong-Rong; Zhang, Xi-Xiang; Sun, Ji-Rong; Shen, Bao-Gen

    2015-01-01

    Memory effect of electric-field control on magnetic behavior in magnetoelectric composite heterostructures has been a topic of interest for a long time. Although the piezostrain and its transfer across the interface of ferroelectric/ferromagnetic films are known to be important in realizing magnetoelectric coupling, the underlying mechanism for nonvolatile modulation of magnetic behaviors remains a challenge. Here, we report on the electric-field control of magnetic properties in wide-band (011)-Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3/0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 heterostructures. By introducing an electric-field-induced in-plane anisotropic strain field during the cooling process from room temperature, we observe an in-plane anisotropic, nonvolatile modulation of magnetic properties in a wide-band Pr0.7Sr0.3MnO3 film at low temperatures. We attribute this anisotropic memory effect to the preferential seeding and growth of ferromagnetic (FM) domains under the anisotropic strain field. In addition, we find that the anisotropic, nonvolatile modulation of magnetic properties gradually diminishes as the temperature approaches FM transition, indicating that the nonvolatile memory effect is temperature dependent. By taking into account the competition between thermal energy and the potential barrier of the metastable magnetic state induced by the anisotropic strain field, this distinct memory effect is well explained, which provides a promising approach for designing novel electric-writing magnetic memories. PMID:25909177

  8. A novel family of Nb-doped Bi0.5Sr0.5FeO3-δ perovskite as cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lei; Li, Qiang; Sun, Liping; Zhang, Xianfa; Huo, Lihua; Zhao, Hui; Grenier, Jean-Claude

    2017-12-01

    Cobalt-free provskite oxides Bi0.5Sr0.5Fe1-xNbxO3-δ (BSFNx, x = 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15) were prepared and evaluated as cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). In particular, the effects of Nb substitution on phase evolution, thermal expansion behavior and electrochemical performance were systematically investigated. The average thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of BSFNx decreases from 13.3 × 10-6 K-1 at x = 0.05 to 12.6 × 10-6 K-1 at x = 0.15 within a temperature range of 50-800 °C. Among the BSFNx materials, Bi0.5Sr0.5Fe0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (BSFN0.10) oxide shows the best electrochemical performance. The polarization resistances (Rp) of BSFN0.10 cathode on CGO electrolyte are 0.038, 0.075 and 0.156 Ω cm2 at 700, 650 and 600 °C, respectively. Meanwhile the maximum power densities of the anode-supported single cells are 1.28, 1.54 and 1.34 W cm-2 at 700 °C for BSFNx cathodes with x = 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15, respectively. Furthermore, the relationship study of oxygen partial pressure dependence on Rp indicates that the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) rate-limiting step is the oxygen adsorption-dissociation on the electrode surface. The desirable electrochemical performance demonstrates that BSFNx oxides are potential cathode materials for IT-SOFCs.

  9. Coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-xSex (x = 0.5 and 1.0), a non-U material with Tc < TFM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Gohil S; Fuchs, G; Nenkov, K; Haque, Zeba; Gupta, L C; Ganguli, A K

    2016-11-28

    We have carried out detailed magnetic and transport studies of the new Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-xSex (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) superconductors derived by doping Se in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2. Se-doping produces several effects: it suppresses semiconducting-like behavior observed in the undoped Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2, the ferromagnetic ordering temperature, TFM, decreases considerably from 7.5 K (in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2) to 3.5 K and the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, gets enhanced slightly to 2.9-3.3 K. Thus in these Se-doped materials, TFM is marginally higher than Tc. Magnetization studies provide evidence of bulk superconductivity in Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-xSex at x ≥ 0.5 in contrast to the undoped Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2 (x = 0) where magnetization measurements indicate a small superconducting volume fraction. Quite remarkably, as compared with the effective paramagnetic Ce-moment (~2.2 μB), the ferromagnetically ordered Ce-moment in the superconducting state is rather small (~0.1 μB) suggesting itinerant ferromagnetism. To the best of our knowledge, Sr0.5Ce0.5FBiS2-x Sex (x = 0.5 and 1.0) are distinctive Ce-based bulk superconducting itinerant ferromagnetic materials with Tc ferromagnetism and the coexisting bulk superconductivity.

  10. Effect of a CGO buffer layer on the performance of (La0.6Sr0.40.995Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ cathode in YSZ-Based SOFC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz-Morales, J. C.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The electrochemical properties of (La0.6Sr0.40.995Co0.2Fe0.8O3-s (LSCF and LSCF-gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO composite electrodes towards oxygen reduction were studied by impedance spectroscopy in a symmetric cell configuration using yttriastabilised zirconia (YSZ as electrolyte and a CGO buffer layer between the electrode and the electrolyte materials. The best polarisation resistance values were obtained for a LSCF-CGO (60/40, wt.% composite with values ranging between 0.07 and 0.4 Ωcm2 in the temperature range of 650-775ºC. The effect of the CGO buffer on the polarisation resistance of the LSCF electrode and the series resistance of the symmetrical LSCF/YSZ cell was also investigated. In addition, X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out to study the chemical compatibility between LSCF, YSZ and CGO materials.Las propiedades electroquímicas de los electrodos (La0.6Sr0.40.995Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF y composites de LSCF con ceria dopada con gadolinio (CGO, respecto la reacción de reducción del oxígeno, fueron estudiadas mediante espectroscopía de impedancia usando una configuración de celda simétrica, con circonia estabilizada con itria (YSZ como electrolito y CGO como capa de protección entre el material de electrodo y electrolito. Los mejores valores de resistencia de polarización fueron obtenidos para el composite LSCF-CGO (60/40, % en peso con valores comprendidos entre 0,07 y 0,4 Ωcm2 para el rango de temperaturas de 650-775ºC. El efecto de la capa intermedia de CGO sobre la resistencia de polarización del electrodo LSCF y la resistencia en serie de la celda simétrica LSCF/YSZ fue también investigado. La compatibilidad química de LSCF, YSZ y CGO se ha estudiado mediante difracción de rayos X.

  11. Modification of electrical properties of Au/n-type InP Schottky diode with a high-k Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 interlayer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thapaswini, P. Prabhu; Padma, R.; Balaram, N.; Bindu, B.; Rajagopal Reddy, V.

    2016-05-01

    Au/Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST)/n-InP metal/insulator/semiconductor (MIS) Schottky diodes have been analyzed by current-voltage (I-V) and capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements. The surface morphology of the BST films on InP is fairly smooth. The Au/BST/n-InP MIS Schottky diode shows better rectification ratio and low leakage current compared to the conventional Au/n-InP metal-semiconductor (MS) Schottky diode. Higher barrier height is achieved for the MIS Schottky diode compared to the MS Schottky diode. The Norde and Cheung's methods are employed to determine the barrier height, ideality factor and series resistance. The interface state density (NSS) is determined from the forward bias I-V data for both the MS and MIS Schottky diodes. Results reveal that the NSS of the MIS Schottky diode is lower than that of the MS Schottky diode. The Poole-Frenkel emission is found dominating the reverse current in both Au/n-InP MS and Au/BST/n-InP MIS Schottky diodes, indicating the presence of structural defects and trap levels in the dielectric film.

  12. Electrical properties and transport mechanisms of Au/Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3/GaN metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) diode at high temperature range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajagopal Reddy, V.

    2016-05-01

    The electrical and transport mechanisms of a fabricated Au/Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST)/GaN metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) diode have been studied in the temperature range of 280-430 K by current-voltage ( I- V) and capacitance-voltage ( C- V) measurements. The barrier heights (BHs) of the Au/BST/GaN MIS diode are found to be 0.85 eV ( I- V)/1.35 ( C- V) at 280 K and 1.14 eV ( I- V)/1.17 ( C- V) at 430 K. The series resistance ( R S) values determined by Cheung's functions are in good agreement with each other. The difference between BHs estimated by I- V and C- V methods are also discussed. Results show that the estimated interface state density ( N SS) of MIS diode decreases with an increase in temperature. Observations have indicated that the BH increases whereas ideality factor R S and N SS decreases with increasing temperature. Results have demonstrated that the reverse leakage current is dominated by Poole-Frenkel emission at temperatures of 280-340 K and by Schottky emission at temperatures of 370-430 K. It is also noted that there is a transition of the conduction mechanism in Au/BST/GaN MIS diode from Poole-Frenkel to Schottky emission at temperatures of 340-370 K.

  13. The surface evolution of La0.4Sr0.6TiO3+δ anode in solid oxide fuel cells: Understanding the sulfur-promotion effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ning; Zanna, Sandrine; Klein, Lorena H.; Roushanafshar, Milad; Amirkhiz, Babak S.; Zeng, Yimin; Rothenberg, Gadi; Marcus, Philippe; Luo, Jing-Li

    2017-03-01

    The ideal solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can be powered by readily available hydrocarbon fuels containing impurities. While this is commonly recognized as a key advantage of SOFC, it also, together with the elevated operating temperature, becomes the main barrier impeding the in-situ or operando investigations of the anode surface chemistry. Here, using a well-designed quenching experiment, we managed to characterize the near-surface structure of La0.4Sr0.6TiO3+δ (LST) anode in SOFCs fuelled by H2S-containing methane. This new method enabled us to clearly observe the surface amorphization and sulfidation of LST under simulated SOFC operating conditions. The ∼1 nm-thick two dimensional sulfur-adsorbed layer was on top of the disordered LST, containing -S, -SH and elemental sulfur species. In SOFC test, such "poisoned" anode showed increased performances: a ten-fold enhanced power density enhancement (up to 30 mW cm-2) and an improved open circuit voltage (from 0.69 V to 1.17 V). Moreover, its anodic polarization resistance in methane decreased to 21.53 Ω cm2, a difference of 95% compared with the sulfur-free anode. Control experiments confirmed that once the adsorbed sulfur species were removed electrochemically, methane conversion slowed down simultaneously till full stop.

  14. Low-temperature fuel cells using a composite of redox-stable perovskite oxide La0.7Sr0.3Cr0.5Fe0.5O3-δ and ionic conductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Yuanjing; Mi, Youquan; Xu, Fuzhan; Wang, Xunying; Xia, Chen; Dong, Wenjing; Ji, Yuan; Zhu, Bin

    2017-10-01

    A novel solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) incorporating the semiconductor with the ionic conductor to replace the traditional electrolyte layer with improved performance has been recently reported. In the present work, we found that the redox stable electrode material La0.7Sr0.3Cr0.5Fe0.5O3-δ (LSCrF) can be considered as a good candidate for such configuration, electrolyte layer-free fuel cells (EFFCs), due to its high ionic and electronic conductivities, excellent catalytic activity and good chemical stability. EFFCs based on the composite of perovskite oxide LSCrF and ionic conductor Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ (SDC) offered promising performances, i.e., 1059 mW cm-2 at 550 °C without any electronic short circuiting problem. It even exhibited a highly promising result of 553 mW cm-2 at 470 °C in further low-temperature operation. These high performances can be attributed to the improved conductivity, more triple-phase boundaries (TPB) and accelerated oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of LSCrF-SDC composite. The influence of the weight ratio between LSCrF and SDC on the EFFC electrochemical performance was investigated. This new discovery indicates a great potential for exploring multifunctional perovskites for the new SOFC technologies.

  15. THERMAL EXPANSION BEHAVIOR OF THE Ba0.2Sr0.8Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF WITH Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. AHMADREZAEI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructured perovskite oxides of Ba0.2Sr0.8Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF were synthesized through the co-precipitation method. The thermal decomposition, phase formation and thermal expansion behavior of BSCF were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD, and dilatometry, respectively. XRD peaks were indexed to a cubic perovskite structure with a Pm3m (221 space group. All the combined oxides produced the desired perovskite-phase BSCF. The microstructures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM. The TEM analysis showed that BSCF powders had uniform nanoparticle sizes and high homogeneity. The cross-sectional SEM micrograph of BSCF exhibited a continuous and no delaminated layer from the electrolyte-supported cell. The thermal expansion coefficient (TEC of BSCF was 16.2×10-6 K-1 at a temperature range of 600°C to 800°C. Additional experiments showed that the TEC of BSCF is comparable to that of Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (SDC within the same temperature range. The results demonstrate that BSFC is a promising cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells.

  16. The effect of oxygen pressure on structure, electrical conductivity and oxygen permeability of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ thin films by pulsed laser deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Daneshmandi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available  In this paper, Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF thin films were deposited on single crystal SrTiO3 (STO (100 by pulsed laser deposition (PLD technique at different pressures of oxygen. Crystal structure of bulk and thin film samples was studied by x-ray diffraction (XRD. The XRD results indicate that both bulk and thin film samples have cubic structures. AFM micrographs showed an increase in RMS roughness by oxygen pressure. The electrical resistance was measured at room temperature up to 600 and 800 °C in air using four probe method for bulk and thin films, respectively. A sharp drop in resistance was observed by increasing temperature up to 400 °C, that was explained with the small polaron hopping model. Polaron activation energy was calculated by Arrhenius relation. It was decreased over increasing oxygen pressure. The surface exchange coefficient (Kchem of the 300 mTorr sample was measured by electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR technique. The results suggested a linear relationship between Kchem and reciprocal of absolute temperature.

  17. Effect of pH on electrical and optical properties of sol-gel derived microcrystalline Ba 0.5Sr 0.5TiO 3 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Somnath C.; Sharma, G. L.; Bhatnagar, M. C.; Manchanda, R.; Balakrishnan, V. R.; Samanta, S. B.

    2004-09-01

    Ba 0.5Sr 0.5TiO 3 thin films have been deposited by sol-gel spin coating technique and effect of pH of the precursor sol on the electrical and optical properties has been investigated. Thin films of about 480 nm thickness were deposited on platinised silicon (Pt/TiN/SiO 2/Si) and fused quartz substrates using precursor sols of pH 2.8 and 4.8. The pH of the precursor sol is found to have a pronounced effect on the surface morphology, electrical and optical properties of the deposited BST thin films. X-ray diffractograms and atomic force micrographs show increase in the grain size with the increase in pH of the precursor sol. The grain size was found to increase from about 80 nm to about 120 nm. The dielectric constant was also found to increase from 325 to 340 with increase in the pH of the precursor sol. The dielectric loss, however, changes slightly from 0.036 to 0.052. As a consequence the leakage current and interfacial charge densities also increase. The optical studies reveal that the band-gap decreases from 3.75 to 3.66 eV with increase in the pH.

  18. Effects of Ca-dopant on the pyroelectric, piezoelectric and dielectric properties of (Sr 0.6Ba 0.4) 4Na 2Nb 10O 30 ceramics

    KAUST Repository

    Yao, Yingbang

    2012-12-01

    Calcium-doped sodium strontium barium niobate (SBNN, (Sr 0.6Ba 0.4) 4-xCa xNa 2Nb 10O 30, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) ceramics were prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction method. SBNN showed \\'filled\\' tetragonal tungsten-bronze structure with fully occupied A-sites. The tetragonal structure, as revealed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy, was not affected by the Ca-dopant. Effects of Ca-doping concentration on the phase transitions as well as ferroelectric, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of the SBNN ceramics were investigated. From the dielectric studies, two anomalies were observed, namely, a sharp normal ferroelectric transition at 260 °C and a broad maximum at round -110 °C. The later was affected by the Ca-doping concentration and its origin was discussed. At x = 0.3, the sample exhibited the highest pyroelectric coefficient of 168 μC/m 2 K and the largest piezoelectric coefficient (d 33) of 63 pC/N at room temperature. On the basis of our results, the pyroelectric properties of the SBNN were improved by Ca-doping. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Effect of coupling agents on the dielectric properties and energy storage of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3/P(VDF-CTFE) nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Peixuan; Zhang, Min; Wang, Han; Tang, Hui; Bass, Patrick; Zhang, Lin

    2017-07-01

    Dielectric materials with high electric energy density and low dielectric loss are critical for electric applications in modern electronic and electrical power systems. To obtain desirable dielectric properties and energy storage, nanocomposites using Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 (BST) as the filler and poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene) as the matrix material are prepared with a uniform microstructure by using a newly developed process that combines the bridge-linked action of a coupling agent, solution casting, and a hot-pressing method. When a proper amount of coupling agent is used to modify the surface of the nanoparticles, the composite exhibits a higher dielectric constant and a more uniform microstructure. A dielectric constant of 95, dielectric loss of 0.25, and energy density of 2.7 J/cm3 is obtained in the nanocomposite with 30 vol.% of BST and 15 wt.% of coupling agent. The results suggest that the energy storage ability of the composites could be improved by the surface modification of the fillers and from the interface compatibility between the fillers and the polymer matrix.

  20. Infiltrated La0.4Sr0.4Fe0.03Ni0.03Ti0.94O3 based anodes for all ceramic and metal supported solid oxide fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Jimmi; Persson, Åsa H.; Sudireddy, Bhaskar R.; Irvine, John T. S.; Thydén, Karl

    2017-12-01

    For improved robustness, durability and to avoid severe processing challenges alternatives to the Ni:YSZ composite electrode is highly desirable. The Ni:YSZ composite electrode is conventionally used for solid oxide fuel cell and solid oxide electrolysis cell. In the present study we report on high performing nanostructured Ni:CGO electrocatalyst coated A site deficient Lanthanum doped Strontium Titanate (La0.4Sr0.4Fe0.03Ni0.03Ti0.94O3) based anodes. The anodes were incorporated into the co-sintered DTU metal supported solid oxide fuel cell design and large sized 12 cm × 12 cm cells were fabricated. The titanate material showed good processing characteristics and surface wetting properties towards the Ni:CGO electrocatalyst coating. The cell performances were evaluated on single cell level (active area 16 cm2) and a power density at 0.7 V and 700 °C of 0.650 Wcm-2 with a fuel utilization of 31% was achieved. Taking the temperature into account the performances of the studied anodes are among the best reported for redox stable and corrosion resistant alternatives to the conventional Ni:YSZ composite solid oxide cell electrode.

  1. Chemical characterization of surface precipitates in La0.7Sr0.3Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ as cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Yang; Nikiforov, Alexey Y.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Ludwig, Karl F.; Gopalan, Srikanth; Pal, Uday B.; Basu, Soumendra N.

    2016-11-01

    In this study, a strontium doped lanthanum cobalt ferrite thin film with 30% Sr on A-site, denoted as La0.7Sr0.3Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ or LSCF-7328, was investigated before and after annealing at 800 °C under CO2 containing atmosphere for 9 hours. The formation of secondary phases on surface of post-annealed LSCF-7328 has been observed using atomic force microscope (AFM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The extent of Sr segregation at the film surface was observed using the synchrotron-based total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) technique. The bonding environment of the secondary phases formed on the surface was investigated by synchrotron-based hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and related spectroscopy techniques were used for microstructural and quantitative elemental analyses of the secondary phases on surface. These studies revealed that the secondary phases on surface consisted of SrO covered with a capping layer of SrCO3. The formation of Co-rich phases has also been observed on the surface of post-annealed LSCF-7328.

  2. Nanostructuring the electronic conducting La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ cathode for high-performance in proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells below 600°C

    KAUST Repository

    Da’as, Eman Husni

    2017-10-28

    Proton-conducting oxides offer a promising electrolyte solution for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) due to their high conductivity and low activation energy. However, the lower operation temperature leads to a reduced cathode activity and thus a poorer fuel cell performance. La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ (LSM) is the classical cathode material for high-temperature SOFCs, which lack features as a proper SOFC cathode material at intermediate temperatures. Despite this, we here successfully couple nanostructured LSM cathode with proton-conducting electrolytes to operate below 600°C with desirable SOFC performance. Inkjet printing allows depositing nanostructured particles of LSM on Y-doped BaZrO3(BZY) backbones as cathodes for proton-conducting SOFCs, which provides one of the highest power output for the BZY-based fuel cells below 600°C. This somehow changes the common knowledge that LSM can be applied as a SOFC cathode materials only at high temperatures (above 700°C).

  3. In situ examination of oxygen non-stoichiometry in La0.80Sr0.20CoO3−δ thin films at intermediate and low temperatures by x-ray diffraction

    KAUST Repository

    Biegalski, M. D.

    2014-04-21

    Structural evolution of epitaxial La0.80Sr 0.20CoO3-δ thin films under chemical and voltage stimuli was examined in situ using X-ray diffraction. The changes in lattice parameter (chemical expansivity) were used to quantify oxygen reduction reaction processes and vacancy concentration changes in lanthanum strontium cobaltite. At 550 °C, the observed lattice parameter reduction at an applied bias of -0.6 V was equivalent to that from the reducing condition of a 2% carbon monoxide atmosphere with an oxygen non-stoichiometry δ of 0.24. At lower temperatures (200 °C), the application of bias reduced the sample much more effectively than a carbon monoxide atmosphere and induced an oxygen non-stoichiometry δ of 0.47. Despite these large changes in oxygen concentration, the epitaxial thin film was completely re-oxidized and no signs of crystallinity loss or film amorphization were observed. This work demonstrates that the effects of oxygen evolution and reduction can be examined with applied bias at low temperatures, extending the ability to probe these processes with in-situ analytical techniques. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

  4. Influence of calcium content on the structural and magnetic properties of Sr0.70-xCaxLa0.30Fe11.75Zn0.25O19 hexagonal ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yujie; Wang, Fanhou; Shao, Juxiang; Liu, Xiansong; Feng, Shuangjiu; Yang, Junsheng

    2016-03-01

    Hexagonal ferrite Sr0.70-xCaxLa0.30Fe11.75Zn0.25O19 (0≤x≤0.70) magnetic powder and magnets were prepared by the ceramic process. The phase characterization of the calcined powders was investigated by X-ray diffraction. There is a single magnetoplumbite phase in the magnetic powders with x from 0 to 0.60, and for the magnetic powders with x of 0.70, the α-Fe2O3 phase is observed. The morphology of the sintered magnets was examined by a field emission scanning electron microscopy. The magnets have formed the hexagonal structures and the particles are distributed evenly. Magnetic properties of the calcined powders and sintered magnets were measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer and a magnetic properties test instrument, respectively. The saturation magnetization, remanent magnetization and coercivity of the magnetic powders increase with the increase of x from 0 to 0.2, and then begin to decrease when x>0.2. The remanence, intrinsic coercivity, magnetic induction coercivity and maximum energy product of the sintered magnets first increase with x from 0 to 0.20, and then, start to decrease when x continues to increase. The magnetic properties of the sintered magnet at x=0.20 reach the maximum values.

  5. Study of La0.7Sr0.3Mn0.94Co0.06O3 /x nano Al2O3 (x = 0%, 4%) composite for structural and electrical transport properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Hiral D.; Bhalodia, J. A.

    2017-05-01

    The structural and electrical transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3Mn0.94Co0.06O3 /x nano Al2O3 (x = 0%, 4%) (abbreviated by LSMCO/x nano Al2O3) composites were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) data analysis indicate that nano Al2O3 is not substituted into the main LSMCO phase and remains an additive to the second phase at the grain boundaries. We report the resistivity (ρ) - temperature (T) patterns in LSMCO/x nano Al2O3 composite over a temperature regime of 5-300 K. The metal-insulator transition temperature (TMI) decreases with the addition of 4% non-magnetic nano Al2O3 content in the LSMCO material. The experimental data (spin-dependent scattering, electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions. The metallic part of the temperature dependent resistivity curve (50K

  6. Preparation of La 0.8Sr 0.2Ga 0.83Mg 0.17O 2.815 powders by microwave-induced poly(vinyl alcohol) solution polymerization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yuling; Ye, Chang; Xia, Feng; Xiao, Jianzhong; Dai, Lei; Yang, Yifan; Wang, Yongqian

    A new and simple chemical route, named microwave-induced poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) solution polymerization, has been used to prepare fine, homogeneous and high-density pellets of purer La 0.8Sr 0.2Ga 0.83Mg 0.17O 2.815 (denoted as LS 0.2GM 0.17). The effect of different contents of PVA as the polymeric carrier, was studied and we obtained an optimal amount of PVA (1.65:1 ratio of positively charged valences of the cations (Me n+) to negatively charged hydroxyl (-OH -) groups of the organics), which could ensure homogenous distribution of the metal ions in the polymeric network structure and inhibit segregation. The behavior of the powder after calcination at different temperatures was studied. The PVA solution process consumed less organic material compared with the Pechini process, and consequently PVA was a more effective carrier in the preparation of LSGM. Higher heating rate and a more homogenous heating manner without thermal gradients in the microwave oven resulted in fewer secondary phases in the LS 0.2GM 0.17 powder after calcination at 1400 °C for 9 h and a smaller pellet grain size (2-3 μm) without segregation. The density of LS 0.2GM 0.17 pellet sintered at 1400 °C for 9 h was 6.19 g cm -3.

  7. Charge transfer at the interface between ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and superconducting EuBa2Cu3O7 probed by STM/STS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yinghao; Xiong, Jie

    2012-02-01

    La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) is a ferromagnetic half-metallic compound with nearly 100% spin polarization at room temperature, making it an ideal candidate for applications in spintronic devices. However, this useful functionality disappears when the thickness of LSMO film grown on SrTiO3 substrate is reduced to below 4 nm, limiting its application in nanoscale devices. Here, we show that metallic and ferromagnetic properties of ultrathin (EBCO). We use scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to probe the evolution of the electronic structure of LSMO film grown on EBCO as functions of LSMO layer thickness and aging of bilayer LSMO/EBCO. Our results reveal that the charge (hole) transfer at LSMO/EBCO interface is responsible for driving LSMO film (of only five-unit-cell thickness) to metallic state. The conductive behavior of aged LSMO/EBCO bilayers varies systematically with the thickness of LSMO layer, allowing us to estimate the charge-transfer depth to be 4˜5 nm on the LSMO side.

  8. Effects of Interface Layers and Domain Walls on the Ferroelectric-Resistive Switching Behavior of Au/BiFeO3/La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 Heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Lei; Yang, Shengwei; Lin, Yue; Zhang, Dalong; Huang, Weichuan; Zhao, Wenbo; Yin, Yuewei; Dong, Sining; Li, Xiaoguang

    2015-12-02

    The electric field effects on the electric and magnetic properties in multiferroic heterostructures are important for not only understanding the mechanisms of certain novel physical phenomena occurring at heterointerfaces but also offering a route for promising spintronic applications. Using the Au/BiFeO3/La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (Au/BFO/LSMO) multiferroic heterostructure as a model system, we investigated the ferroelectric-resistive switching (RS) behaviors of the heterostructure. Via the manipulation of the BFO ferroelectric polarizations, the nonvolatile tristate of RS is observed, which is closely related to the Au/BFO and BFO/LSMO interface layers and the highly conducting BFO domain walls (DWs). More interestingly, according to the magnetic field dependence of the RS behavior, the negative magnetoresistance effect of the third resistance state, corresponding to the abnormal current peak in current-pulse voltage hysteresis near the electric coercive field, is also observed at room temperature, which mainly arises from the possible oxygen vacancy accumulation and Fe ion valence variation in the DWs.

  9. Electrostatic doping limits and control of magnetism in electrolyte gated LaAlO3(001)/La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Jeff; Wang, Helin; Leighton, Chris

    Recently developed ionic liquid/gel gating techniques have proven remarkably expedient in the study of charge density effects in a variety of conductors, ranging from organics to complex oxides. Here we present electrolyte gate control of magnetism in ultrathin (8 u.c.) La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ (LSCO) films, using ion gels in electric double layer transistors. The LSCO films are initially metallic and ferromagnetic (Tc ~ 170 K), with anomalous Hall conductivity up to 40 S/cm, and strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Based on extensive temperature and gate voltage dependences we first determined the limits for electrostatic vs. electrochemical operation, concluding that negative bias enables reversible hole accumulation, whereas positive bias irreversibly induces oxygen vacancies. Following this we demonstrated clear voltage-control of resistivity, magnetoresistance, andTc. Utilizing the anomalous Hall conductivity as an exceptional probe of the magnetic order parameter in the gated surface region, a 12 K shift in Tc is obtained. This compares favorably to the state-of-the-art and exhibits potential for much larger modulation in films of lower Sr content. Work supported by NSF MRSEC.

  10. A Comparison of Different A-, A-B-, and B-Site Incorporated in (Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 on Photocatalytic Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tassanee Tubchareon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The structural modification of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 (BST nanocatalyst was successfully synthesized via sol-gel process. The BST catalyst was modified by A-site (A-BST, A-B-site (A-B-BST, and B-site (B-BST in order to investigate the effect of structurally modified BST catalyst for photocatalytic decolorization of methylene blue. The structurally modified BST catalysts can increase the nonradiation energy such as phonon energy compared to that of BST one. The partial incorporation of the A-BST catalyst was evidenced by the higher-ordered structure by increasing number of Ti4+ ions and the lattice oxygen. The A-B-BST and A-BST catalysts were given more electron-transfer in the TiO6 than that of BST and B-BST catalysts, respectively. The A-B-BST catalyst promoted the oxidation of the lattice oxygen by holes capturing to form the chemisorbed oxygen, presenting the highest photobleaching activity of methylene blue. On the other hand, more oxygen vacancies recombination of BST catalyst compared to that of structurally modified BST catalysts presented the reduction of photocatalytic activity.

  11. Size reduction effect on the critical behavior near the paramagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition temperature in La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baaziz, H.; Tozri, A.; Dhahri, E.; Hlil, E. K.

    2015-04-01

    The critical behavior of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 nanoparticles, annealed at different temperatures (H6, H8, H10 and H12 annealed at 600 °C, 800 °C, 1000 °C, 1200 °C, respectively), has been investigated by magnetization measurements. Indeed, the magnetic data indicate that the compound exhibits a continuous (second-order) paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) phase transition. The critical exponents are estimated by various techniques such as the Modified Arrott plot, Kouvel-Fisher plot and critical isotherm technique. Compared to standard models, the critical exponent values determined in our work are close to those expected for the mean-field model (with β=0.5, γ=1, and δ=3) (H8, H10, and H12). Concerning the sample having a smaller crystallite size (H6), the obtained values of the critical exponents β and δ are similar to those predicted by the mean-field model. However, the value of γ shows a (3D) Heisenberg model-like. This behavior, which is quite new and surprising, shows that the reduction of grain size strongly influences the universality class. Moreover, the decrease of the critical exponents (β, γ, δ) with the increase of grain size has been explained by crossover phenomenon. This result and the other obtained values are explained taking into account the contribution of uncompensated spins at the surface, strain anisotropies, and noncollinear magnetic ordering.

  12. Magnetocaloric effect and magnetic refrigeration in La0.7Ca0.15Sr0.15Mn1-xGaxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balli M.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we report magnetic and magnetocaloric effect (MCE properties for La0.7 (CaSr0.3Mn1-xGaxO3 (x =0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 manganites. Our compounds were prepared by sol-gel method and characterized by X-ray diffraction and magnetization measurements. The temperature dependence of the magnetization M(T reveals a decrease of M with increasing Ga content. The same behavior was observed for the Curie temperature TC. MCE was calculated according to the Maxwell relation based on magnetic measurements. The magnetic entropy change (∆SM reaches a maximum value witch decreases with increasing Ga content. It is found to decrease from 5.15 J/kgK for x = 0 to 1.86 J/kgK for x = 0.1 under an applied magnetic field of 5T. So, the studied samples could be considered as good materials for magnetic refrigeration for a large temperature interval near room temperature.

  13. Effect of coupling agents on the dielectric properties and energy storage of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3/P(VDF-CTFE nanocomposites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peixuan Wu

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Dielectric materials with high electric energy density and low dielectric loss are critical for electric applications in modern electronic and electrical power systems. To obtain desirable dielectric properties and energy storage, nanocomposites using Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 (BST as the filler and poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene as the matrix material are prepared with a uniform microstructure by using a newly developed process that combines the bridge-linked action of a coupling agent, solution casting, and a hot-pressing method. When a proper amount of coupling agent is used to modify the surface of the nanoparticles, the composite exhibits a higher dielectric constant and a more uniform microstructure. A dielectric constant of 95, dielectric loss of 0.25, and energy density of 2.7 J/cm3 is obtained in the nanocomposite with 30 vol.% of BST and 15 wt.% of coupling agent. The results suggest that the energy storage ability of the composites could be improved by the surface modification of the fillers and from the interface compatibility between the fillers and the polymer matrix.

  14. Enhanced stability of solid oxide fuel cells by employing a modified cathode-interlayer interface with a dense La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vero, Jeffrey C.; Develos-Bagarinao, Katherine; Kishimoto, Haruo; Ishiyama, Tomohiro; Yamaji, Katsuhiko; Horita, Teruhisa; Yokokawa, Harumi

    2018-02-01

    In La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) cathode/Gd-doped ceria (GDC)/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)-electrolyte based solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), one of the key issues affecting performance and long-term stability is the apparent deactivation of LSCF cathode by the presence of secondary phases such as SrZrO3 at the interfaces. Herein, we report that by modifying the cathode-interlayer interface with a dense LSCF thin film, the severe cation interdiffusion is suppressed especially the fast gas or surface diffusion of Sr into adjacent GDC-interlayer/YSZ-electrolyte resulting in the significant reduction of SrZrO3 formation at the interfaces improving cell stability. In order to understand the present results, the interface chemistry is carefully considered and discussed. The results show that modification of cathode-interlayer interfaces is an important strategy for improving the lifetime of SOFCs.

  15. Origin of insulating weak-ferromagnetic phase in ultra-thin La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 films on SrTiO3 substrate

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    Yun Li

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the origin of insulating weak-ferromagnetic phase in ultra-thin epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO films on SrTiO3 substrate using density functional theory calculation together with X-ray linear dichroism (XLD. The calculations show that symmetry breaking of the crystal field at the LSMO surface largely lowers the energy level of Mn d3z2 orbital at the surface and leads to full occupancy of the d3z2 orbital in majority spin channel, and XLD spectra clearly show the preferential occupation of Mn d3z2 orbital at the surface. Such an orbital reconstruction and charge redistribution in the ultra-thin films largely suppresses double-exchange interaction and favors super-exchange interaction, resulting in G-type antiferromagnetic spin ordering and insulating state. The anisotropic exchange interaction due to spin-orbital interaction leads to spin canting, and thus the films show weak ferromagnetism.

  16. Effect of Mn-Site for Al Substitution on Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties in La0.67Sr0.33Mn1-xAlxO3 Thin Films by Sol-Gel Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Abdullah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nanocrystalline La0.67Sr0.33Mn1-xAlxO3 (x=0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.25 thin films have been prepared on quartz substrates by sol-gel method. The structural and morphology studies were investigated via X-ray diffraction (XRD and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM. XRD graph patterns show rhombohedral distorted perovskite structures. FESEM images show that the average grain size decreased as the concentration of x increased. Electrical property was investigated using four-point probe technique. Resistivity results show that metal-insulator transition (MIT temperatures (Tp decreased when the concentration of x increased. Tp shifted to lower temperature when the concentration of x increased. The data was analyzed based on theoretical models, where the ferromagnetic resistivity is followed with the equation ρ=ρo+ρ2T2, where ρo is due to the significance of grain boundary effects and a second-term ~ρ2T2 appears that might be applied to the electrons scattering. In the high temperature regime (T>Tp, the resistivity data can be well described by small polaron hopping (SPH and variable range hopping (VRH mechanisms. Magnetic property was investigated using a vibration sample magnetometer. All samples that were obtained showed hysteresis curve with the highest value of magnetization for sample x=0.10.

  17. Electrochemical performance of the rare-earth perovskite-type oxide La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 as negative electrode material for Ni/oxide rechargeable batteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Henao

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper, the perovskite-type oxide La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 was evaluated as a novel negative electrode material for Ni/oxide rechargeable batteries. The structure and morphology of the as-prepared powder was studied by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The electrochemical performance of the perovskite-type oxide was investigated using chronopotentiometric, chronoamperometric and potentiodynamic polarization techniques. The maximum discharge capacity values of the perovskite-type electrodes were obtained during the first three cycles (51, 172 and 462 mAh g−1 at 298, 313 and 333 K, respectively. The maximum adsorption capability of hydrogen in the perovskite-type electrode was 1.72% wt. hydrogen at a current rate of 125 mA g−1, 333 K and 6 M KOH. The cycling ability was fairly good with 64% capacity conservation after 20 cycles at 333 K. The electrochemical evaluation was also performed using different electrolyte concentrations; interestingly, the maximum discharge capacity of the perovskite-type electrodes increased in a linear-like manner with the incremental changes in electrolyte concentration. The hydrogen diffusion coefficient and exchange current density were also estimated to discuss the kinetics of the process.

  18. In situ ToF-SIMS monitoring of SOFC cathodes - A case study of La0.74Sr0.17Mn1.01O2.9 model electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohnke, M.; Schaepe, K.; Bachmann, A.-K.; Laenger, M.; Janek, J.

    2017-11-01

    The modelling of electrode kinetics of solid oxide fuel cells is challenging, as the electrodes can change their composition and microstructure during operation at high temperature. Here we present results from in situ studies, applying time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) to investigate compositional surface changes of lanthanum strontium manganate (LSM) model electrodes. Geometrically well-defined LSM electrodes with the composition La0.74Sr0.17Mn1.01O2.9 were deposited as thin films on yttria stabilised zirconia (YSZ) single crystals by pulsed laser deposition. As counter electrode, a porous platinum electrode was applied on the backside of the solid electrolyte. The electrochemical polarisation experiments were carried out inside the ToF-SIMS analysis chamber at 430 °C, and the ToF-SIMS measurements were performed - in contrast to former work - for the first time during electrical polarisation at elevated temperatures. By applying either a cathodic or anodic potential to the LSM cathode, enrichment or depletion of the different metallic constituents on both, the LSM and free YSZ surface, and within the LSM near surface region, were observed. After polarisation, the system relaxes towards the thermodynamic equilibrium state. Already after the first heat treatment, diffusion of manganese and strontium from the LSM electrode onto the free YSZ surface is observed. The concomitant spreading of the three-phase boundary seems to be one reason for electrode activation after polarisation.

  19. Strong uniaxial in-plane magnetic anisotropy of (001)- and (011)-oriented La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films on NdGaO3 substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschker, H.; Mathews, M.; Houwman, E. P.; Nishikawa, H.; Vailionis, A.; Koster, G.; Rijnders, G.; Blank, D. H. A.

    2009-06-01

    Epitaxial La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) ferromagnetic thin films were coherently grown on NdGaO3 (NGO) substrates with different crystal orientations of the surface plane. On the (110)o - and (001)o -oriented substrates, the film grows in the (001)pc orientation, and on the (100)o -, (010)o -, and (112)o -oriented substrates the film is (011)pc oriented (we will use subindices o and pc for the orthorhombic and pseudocubic crystal structures, respectively). The lattice parameters and pseudocube angles of the deformed LSMO pseudocube have been determined from x-ray diffraction measurements. The in-plane magnetic easy and hard directions of these films have been determined from the dependence of the remnant magnetization on the angle of the in-plane applied field. For all substrate orientations there is a strong in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, determined by the crystal directions of the substrate surface. The easy and hard magnetic-anisotropy directions are explained consistently by the (bulk) inverse magnetostriction model, except for the film on NGO (112)o .

  20. One-pot synthesis of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 supported on flower-like CeO2 as electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in aluminum-air batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Yejian; Huang, Heran; Miao, He; Sun, Shanshan; Wang, Qin; Li, Shihua; Liu, Zhaoping

    2017-08-01

    A novel La0.7Sr0.3MnO3-CeO2 (LSM-CeO2) hybrid catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has been synthesized by a facile one-pot method. The flower-like CeO2 with the diameter of about 3 μm is formed by the agglomeration of nanosheets with the thickness of about 40 nm. The LSM particles with the diameter of about 150 nm are well distributed on the flower-like CeO2, thus the interaction between LSM and CeO2 is built. Therefore, the LSM-CeO2 composite catalyst exhibits the much higher catalytic activity toward ORR with the direct four-electron transfer mechanism in alkaline solution than LSM or CeO2. Furthermore, the stability of LSM-CeO2 is superior to that of Pt/C, and the current retention is 93% after 100000 s. The maximum power density of the aluminum-air battery using LSM-CeO2 as the ORRC can reach 238 mW cm-2, which is about 29% higher than that with LSM (184 mW cm-2). It indicates that LSM-CeO2 composite material is a promising cathodic electrocatalyst for metal-air batteries.

  1. Phase-inversion tape-casting preparation and significant performance enhancement of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95- La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ dual-phase asymmetric membrane for oxygen separation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huang, Hua; Cheng, Shiyang; Gao, Jianfeng

    2014-01-01

    The dual-phase Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95–La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ asymmetric membrane was prepared via a phase-inversion tape-casting method. The membrane consisted of a thicker porous support layer and a thinner dense layer. When the dense side of the membrane was coated with a La0.6Sr0.4CoO3−δ catalytic...

  2. Solid state reaction synthesis of Ba0.75Sr0.25AlSi2O8 - Al2O3 ceramic composites from mechanically activated precursor mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramos-Ramírez, M. V.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ceramic composites with Ba0.75Sr0.25AlSi2O8 (SBAS/Al2O3 mass ratios of: 1 90/10, 2 70/30, and 3 50/50, were in situ synthesized at 900-1500 °C/5 h from mixtures of fly ash, BaCO3, SrCO3 and Al2O3. The green mixtures were mechanically activated for 0, 4 and 8 h in an attrition mill. As a result, the solid state reactions were faster and occurred at lower temperatures. Only the SBAS and Al2O3 phases were obtained at 1300-1500°C, with the SBAS present in composition 1 achieving full conversion from its hexagonal (Hexacelsian into its monoclinic (Celsian form, with or without milling. The higher nominal SBAS content of composition 1 facilitated in it the mentioned conversion, in comparison with the other two studied compositions, which required to be mechanically activated for times that increased with increasing Al2O3 content, in order to attain in them similarly high Hexacelsian to Celsian conversions. The mechanical properties of the synthesized materials increased with increasing milling time, sintering temperature and Al2O3 content. Thus, the best mechanical properties were obtained for composition 3 milled for 8 h and sintered at 1500 °C.Compósitos cerámicos con relaciones Ba0.75Sr0.25AlSi2O8 (SBAS/Al2O3 en masa de: 1 90/10, 2 70/30, y 3 50/50, fueron sintetizados in situ a 900-1500 °C/5 h usando mezclas de cenizas volantes, BaCO3, SrCO3 y Al2O3 . Las mezclas en verde fueron activadas mecánicamente por 0, 4 y 8 h en un molino de atrición. Como resultado, las reacciones en el estado sólido fueron más rápidas y ocurrieron a menores temperaturas. A 1300-1500°C sólo se obtuvo las fases SBAS y Al2O3 , con el SBAS presente en la composición 1 transformado completamente de su forma hexagonal (Hexacelsiana a la monoclínica (Celsiana, con o sin molienda. El mayor contenido nominal de SBAS en esa composición facilitó dicha conversión, en comparación con las otras dos composiciones estudiadas, las cuales requirieron ser activadas mec

  3. Calcioferrite with composition (Ca3.94Sr0.06Mg1.01(Fe2.93Al1.07(PO46(OH4·12H2O

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Lafuente

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Calcioferrite, ideally Ca4MgFe3+4(PO46(OH4·12H2O (tetracalcium magnesium tetrairon(III hexakis-phosphate tetrahydroxide dodecahydrate, is a member of the calcioferrite group of hydrated calcium phosphate minerals with the general formula Ca4AB4(PO46(OH4·12H2O, where A = Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+ and B = Al, Fe3+. Calcioferrite and the other three known members of the group, montgomeryite (A = Mg, B = Al, kingsmountite (A = Fe2+, B = Al, and zodacite (A = Mn2+, B = Fe3+, usually occur as very small crystals, making their structure refinements by conventional single-crystal X-ray diffraction challenging. This study presents the first structure determination of calcioferrite with composition (Ca3.94Sr0.06Mg1.01(Fe2.93Al1.07(PO46(OH4·12H2O based on single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected from a natural sample from the Moculta quarry in Angaston, Australia. Calcioferrite is isostructural with montgomeryite, the only member of the group with a reported structure. The calcioferrite structure is characterized by (Fe/AlO6 octahedra (site symmetries 2 and -1 sharing corners (OH to form chains running parallel to [101]. These chains are linked together by PO4 tetrahedra (site symmetries 2 and 1, forming [(Fe/Al3(PO43(OH2] layers stacking along [010], which are connected by (Ca/Sr2+ cations (site symmetry 2 and Mg2+ cations (site symmetry 2; half-occupation. Hydrogen-bonding interactions involving the water molecules (one of which is equally disordered over two positions and OH function are also present between these layers. The relatively weaker bonds between the layers account for the cleavage of the mineral parallel to (010.

  4. Degradation of (La(0.8)Sr(0.2))(0.98)MnO(3-δ)-Zr(0.84)Y(0.16)O(2-γ) composite electrodes during reversing current operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Gareth A; Railsback, Justin G; Yakal-Kremski, Kyle J; Butts, Danielle M; Barnett, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    Reversing-current operation of solid oxide cell (La(0.8)Sr(0.2))(0.98)MnO(3-δ)-Zr(0.84)Y(0.16)O(2-γ) (LSM-YSZ) oxygen electrodes is described. Degradation was characterized by impedance spectroscopy in symmetric cells tested at 800 °C in air with a symmetric current cycle with a period of 12 hours. No change in cell resistance could be detected, in 1000 h tests with a sensitivity of ∼1% per kh, at a current density of 0.5 A cm(-2) corresponding to an overpotential of 0.18 V. At a current density to 0.6 A cm(-2) (0.33 V overpotential) measurable resistance degradation at a rate of 3% per kh was observed, while higher current/overpotential values led to faster degradation. Degradation was observed mainly in the ohmic resistance for current densities of 0.6, 0.8 and 0.9 A cm(-2), with little change in the polarization resistance. Polarization degradation, mainly observed at higher current density, was present as an increase in an impedance response at ∼30 kHz, apparently associated with the resistance of YSZ grain boundaries within the electrode. Microstructural and chemical analysis showed significant changes in electrode structure after the current cycling, including an increase in LSM particle size and a reduction in the amount of YSZ and LSM at the electrode/electrolyte interface - the latter presumably a precursor to delamination.

  5. Effects of surface modification with Co3O4 nanoparticles on the oxygen permeability of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu; Cheng, Jigui; Huang, Min; Liu, Meng; Li, Mingming; Xu, Chenxi

    2017-09-01

    To promote the oxygen permeability of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) membranes, Co3O4 nanoparticle catalysts were loaded onto the surfaces of BSCF membranes by a dip-coating process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results reveal that Co3O4 nanoparticles crystalize in spinel phase. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation indicates that the mean particle size of the Co3O4 nanoparticles is about 100 nm in diameter and 20 μm in thickness after annealing at 500 °C for 5 h. Energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) results testify that the percentage of the elements in the modified layer are in accordance with the stoichiometric ratio of Co3O4. Oxygen permeation tests were made in a laboratory self-made device, and the results show that loading Co3O4 nanoparticle catalysts onto the surfaces of BSCF membranes can significantly increase the oxygen permeability of the BSCF membranes. The unmodified BSCF membranes have an oxygen permeation flux of 0.1080 ml cm-2 min-1 at 600 °C. This increases to 0.4302 ml cm-2 min-1, for the modified membranes, which is four times higher than that of the unmodified BSCF membranes. The oxygen permeation activation energy decreases from 91.42 to 50.71 kJ mol-1 at 600-800 °C by loading Co3O4 nanoparticle catalysts on the surface of BSCF membranes.

  6. Oxide composite of La0.3Sr0.7Ti0.3Fe0.7O3-δ and CeO2 as an active fuel electrode for reversible solid oxide cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jia; Zhou, Xiaoliang; Pan, Lu; Wu, Mengxin; Sun, Kening

    2017-12-01

    In this paper, La0.3Sr0.7Ti0.3Fe0.7O3-δ (LSTF0.7) composite with CeO2 is successfully prepared by infiltration method as a thin porous electrode and examined in detail as a fuel electrode for efficient reversible solid oxide cells (RSOCs) at different ratios of CO/CO2 at the temperatures of 700-850 °C. XRD analysis indicates that the cubic perovskite LSTF0.7 is stable in CO or CO2 at high temperature and compatible with CeO2 and scandia-stabilized zirconia (ScSZ) electrolyte. In electrolysis mode, the current density of 3.56 A cm-2 is obtained from the I-V curve at 2.0 V in 50% CO+ 50% CO2 at the temperature of 850 °C. The polarization resistance (Rp) of the whole cell at 800 °C is 0.28 Ω cm2 when 1.4 V is applied in the same gas composition. The corresponding activation energy of the fuel electrode under open circuit is calculated to be 81.37 kJ mol-1. In fuel cell mode, the maximal power density of 437 mW cm-2 is obtained at 800 °C in 70% CO+ 30% CO2 as well. The reversible operation at 800 °C indicates that a slow degradation phenomenon in both SOFC and SOEC modes is observed, due to the particle agglomeration of the infiltrated fuel electrode.

  7. Oxidative CO2 reforming of methane in La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Ga0.2O3-δ (LSCG) hollow fiber membrane reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kathiraser, Yasotha; Wang, Zhigang; Kawi, Sibudjing

    2013-12-17

    CO2 utilization in catalytic membrane reactors for syngas production is an environmentally benign solution to counter the escalating global CO2 concerns. In this study, integration of a La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Ga0.2O3-δ (LSCG) hollow fiber membrane reactor with Ni/LaAlO3-Al2O3 catalyst for the oxidative CO2 reforming of methane (OCRM) reaction was successfully tested for 160 h of reaction. High CH4 and CO2 conversions of ca. 94% and 73% were obtained with O2 flux ca. 1 mL·min(-1)·cm(-2) at 725 °C for the 160-h stability test. Surface temperature programmed desorption studies of the membrane were conducted with H2, CO, and CO2 as probe gases to facilitate understanding on the effect of H2 and CO product gases as well as CO2 reactant gases on the membrane surface. Scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis of the postreacted membrane after 160-h stability tests suggests Sr-enriched phases with the presence of adsorbed carbonate and hydrogenated carbon. This shows the subsequent reactant spillover on the membrane surface from the catalyst bed took place due to the reaction occurring on the catalyst. However, XRD analysis of the bulk structure does not show any phase impurities, thus confirming the structural integrity of the LSCG hollow fiber membrane.

  8. Copper oxide as a synergistic catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction on La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ perovskite structured electrocatalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Tao; Brinkman, Kyle; Xia, Changrong

    2016-10-01

    This work presents the effect of dispersed copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on a typical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrocatalyst, La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF). The ORR kinetics were enhanced by a factor up to 4 at 750 °C as demonstrated by electrical conductivity relaxation measurements used to determine the chemical surface exchange coefficient, kchem. The value of kchem increased from 2.6 × 10-5 cm s-1 to 9.3 × 10-5 cm s-1 at 750 °C when the LSCF surface was coated with submicron CuO particles. The enhanced kchem was attributed to additional reactions that occur on the CuO surface and at the LSCF-CuO-gas three-phase boundaries (3PBs) as suggested by the kchem dependence on CuO coverage and 3PB length. This enhancement was further demonstrated by the introduction of CuO nanoparticles into LSCF electrodes. CuO infiltrated electrodes reduced the interfacial polarization resistance from 2.27 Ω cm2 to 1.5 Ω cm2 at 600 °C and increased the peak power density from 0.54 W cm-2 to 0.72 W cm-2 at 650 °C. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy indicated that the reduced resistance was due to the shrinkage of the low frequency arc, which is associated with the electrochemical surface exchange reaction.

  9. Dielectric properties of BaMg1/3Nb2/3O3 doped Ba0.45Sr0.55Tio3 thin films for tunable microwave applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alema, Fikadu; Pokhodnya, Konstantin

    2015-11-01

    Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BMN) doped and undoped Ba0.45Sr0.55TiO3 (BST) thin films were deposited via radio frequency magnetron sputtering on Pt/TiO2/SiO2/Al2O3 substrates. The surface morphology and chemical state analyses of the films have shown that the BMN doped BST film has a smoother surface with reduced oxygen vacancy, resulting in an improved insulating properties of the BST film. Dielectric tunability, loss, and leakage current (LC) of the undoped and BMN doped BST thin films were studied. The BMN dopant has remarkably reduced the dielectric loss (˜38%) with no significant effect on the tunability of the BST film, leading to an increase in figure of merit (FOM). This is attributed to the opposing behavior of large Mg2+ whose detrimental effect on tunability is partially compensated by small Nb5+ as the two substitute Ti4+ in the BST. The coupling between MgTi″ and VO•• charged defects suppresses the dielectric loss in the film by cutting electrons from hopping between Ti ions. The LC of the films was investigated in the temperature range of 300-450K. A reduced LC measured for the BMN doped BST film was correlated to the formation of defect dipoles from MgTi″, VO•• and NbTi• charged defects. The carrier transport properties of the films were analyzed in light of Schottky thermionic emission (SE) and Poole-Frenkel (PF) emission mechanisms. The result indicated that while the carrier transport mechanism in the undoped film is interface limited (SE), the conduction in the BMN doped film was dominated by bulk processes (PF). The change of the conduction mechanism from SE to PF as a result of BMN doping is attributed to the presence of uncoupled NbTi• sitting as a positive trap center at the shallow donor level of the BST.

  10. Defect chemistry and oxygen transport of (La0.6Sr0.4 – xMx)0.99Co0.2Fe0.8O3 - ¿ M = Ca (x = 0.05, 0.1), Ba (x = 0.1, 0.2), Sr Part I: Defect chemistry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalslet, Bjarke Thomas; Dalslet, B.T.; Søgaard, Martin; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2009-01-01

    This paper is the first part of a two part series, where the effects of varying the A-site dopant on the defect chemistry, the diffusion coefficient and the surface catalytic properties of the materials (La0.6Sr0.4 − xMx)0.99Co0.2Fe0.8O3 − δ, M = Sr, Ca (x = 0.05, 0.1), Ba (x = 0.1, 0.2) (LSMFC)

  11. Composite fuel electrode La(0.2)Sr(0.8)TiO(3-δ)-Ce(0.8)Sm(0.2)O(2-δ) for electrolysis of CO2 in an oxygen-ion conducting solid oxide electrolyser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuanxin; Zhou, Jianer; Dong, Dehua; Wang, Yan; Jiang, J Z; Xiang, Hongfa; Xie, Kui

    2012-11-28

    Composite Ni-YSZ fuel electrodes are able to operate only under strongly reducing conditions for the electrolysis of CO(2) in oxygen-ion conducting solid oxide electrolysers. In an atmosphere without a flow of reducing gas (i.e., carbon monoxide), a composite fuel electrode based on redox-reversible La(0.2)Sr(0.8)TiO(3+δ) (LSTO) provides a promising alternative. The Ti(3+) was approximately 0.3% in the oxidized LSTO (La(0.2)Sr(0.8)TiO(3.1)), whereas the Ti(3+) reached approximately 8.0% in the reduced sample (La(0.2)Sr(0.8)TiO(3.06)). The strong adsorption of atmospheric oxygen in the form of superoxide ions led to the absence of Ti(3+) either on the surface of oxidized LSTO or the reduced sample. Reduced LSTO showed typical metallic behaviour from 50 to 700 °C in wet H(2); and the electrical conductivity of LSTO reached approximately 30 S cm(-1) at 700 °C. The dependence of [Ti(3+)] concentration in LSTO on P(O(2)) was correlated to the applied potentials when the electrolysis of CO(2) was performed with the LSTO composite electrode. The electrochemical reduction of La(0.2)Sr(0.8)TiO(3+δ) was the main process but was still present up to 2 V at 700 °C during the electrolysis of CO(2); however, the electrolysis of CO(2) at the fuel electrode became dominant at high applied voltages. The current efficiency was approximately 36% for the electrolysis of CO(2) at 700 °C and a 2 V applied potential.

  12. Instability and growth of nanoscale Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/NiO infiltrate in Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3-Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 anodes for solid oxide fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wei; Kuhn, Luise Theil; Jørgensen, Peter Stanley

    2014-01-01

    Microstructural evolution of Ce0.8Gd0.2O 1.9/NiO (CGO/NiO) co-infiltrated nanoparticles in Sr 0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3-Zr 0.84Y0.16O1.92 (STN94-YSZ) anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is investigated during electrochemical testing in a symmetric cell setup. The CGO/NiO infiltrated symmetric cells...

  13. High-Performance Microchanneled Asymmetric Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95-δ-La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-δ-Based Membranes for Oxygen Separation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheng, Shiyang; Huang, Hua; Ovtar, Simona

    2016-01-01

    A microchanneled asymmetric dual phase composite membrane of 70 vol % Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95-delta-30 vol % La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-delta (CGO-LSF) was fabricated by a "one step" phase-inversion tape casting. The sample consists of a thin dense membrane (100 mu m) and a porous substrate including "finger-like" m...

  14. Electrochemical oxidation of sour natural gas over La0.4Ce0.6O1.8 - La0.4Sr0.6TiO3±d anode in SOFC: A mechanism study of H2S effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roushanafshar, M; Yan, N.; Chuang, K.T.; Luo, J.L.

    2015-01-01

    For solid oxide fuel cell with La0.4Ce0.6O1.8–La0.4Sr0.6TiO3±δ (LDC-L4ST) impregnated anodes, the electrochemical oxidation rates of H2 and CH4 were significantly improved when H2S (0.5%) was present in the feeds as evidenced by the substantially decreased polarization resistance and the improved

  15. Avaliação das propriedades do Ba0,50Sr0,50Co0,80Fe0,20O3-d para células a combustível de óxido sólido de temperatura intermediária obtido pelo método citratos-EDTA Evaluation of the properties of Ba0,50Sr0.50Co0.80Fe0.20O3-d obtained by the citrate-EDTA method for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Bonturim

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ba0,50Sr0,50Co0,80Fe0,20O3-d (BSCF apresenta propriedades físicas, químicas e microestruturais adequadas para compor o cátodo de uma célula a combustível de óxido sólido de temperatura intermediária (ITSOFC. Este trabalho tem por objetivo a síntese e a caracterização do BSCF obtido pelo método dos citrados-EDTA. Os resultados obtidos por difração de raios X (DRX indicaram fases secundárias para o material calcinado a 700 e 800 ºC e fase única com estrutura cristalina do tipo perovskita para 900 ºC. As micrografias obtidas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura dos particulados evidenciou a formação de aglomerados de tamanho Ba0.50Sr0.50Co0.80Fe0.20O3-d (BSCF presents physical, chemical and microstructural properties suitable to form the cathode of Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (ITSOFC. This work aims the synthesis and characterization of BSCF, obtained by the citrate-EDTA method. The X-ray diffraction results indicate secondary phases for the material calcined at 700 and 800 °C and single phase with perovskite crystalline structure at 900 °C. The SEM-FEG particles micrographs show the formation of < 20 µm clusters. The dilatometric analysis of pellets indicates the sintering temperature at ~ 1050 °C. XRD results of the sintered samples show perovskite single phase. The SEM micrographs confirmed the formation of higher porosity in the samples sintered at 1000 °C/1 h using powders calcined at 900 °C.

  16. Redox cycling induced Ni exsolution in Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 - (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, X.; Chen, T.; Bishop, S. R.; Perry, N. H.; Tuller, H. L.; Sasaki, K.

    2017-12-01

    Oxide anodes composed of 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 (GDCN)- 40 wt% (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 (SLTN) composites were prepared and tested on (ZrO2)0.89(Sc2O3)0.1(CeO2)0.01 (SSZ) electrolyte-supported SOFC cells utilizing a (La0.75Sr0.25)0.98MnO3 (LSM)-SSZ cathode, in 3%-humidified hydrogen fuel at 800 °C. Improved electrochemical performance was found compared to the cell using Ni-free 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.9O2 (GDC) - 40 wt % Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 (SLT) that was attributed to the exsolution of nano-sized Ni particles from the Ni-doped system. This exsolution process represents a simpler, more attractive method to improve performance than the more conventional but more complicated infiltration method for introducing catalytic nanoparticles. Redox cycling testing was performed to investigate the performance and structural stability of the Ni-doped GDC-SLT anode. The results indicated that the Ni exsolution and aggregation occurred while redox cycling proceeded, resulting in a gradually reduced anodic overvoltage. Symmetric cells with dense thin film Gd0.1Ce0.9-xNixO2 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) electrodes were also tested, demonstrating lower area-specific resistances with increasing Ni content on the surface under reducing conditions. The steady improvement during redox cycling, despite Ni agglomeration, is related to the continuous increase in the overall Ni content on the anode surface, which may be enabled by kinetic limitations to Ni re-dissolving under oxidizing transients.

  17. Infiltration of ionic-, electronic- and mixed-conducting nano particles into La0.75Sr0.25MnO3–Y0.16Zr0.84O2 cathodes – A comparative study of performance enhancement and stability at different temperatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiebach, Wolff-Ragnar; Knöfel, Christina; Bozza, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    The microstructure and electrochemical performance of LSM–YSZ composite electrodes infiltrated with La0.8Sr0.2MnO3−δ (LSM) as an electronic conductor, LaCo0.6Ni0.4O3−δ (LCN) as a mixed conductor and Ce0.8Gd0.2O2−δ (CGO) as an ionic conductor, were compared in the temperature range 550–800 °C. All...

  18. Enhancing the Oxygen Permeation Rate of Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 - La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.5Fe0.5O3-δ Dual-Phase Hollow Fiber Membrane by Coating with Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 Nanoparticles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Tong; Wang, Yao; Yuan, Ronghua; Gao, Jianfeng; Chen, Chusheng; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92−La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.5Fe0.5O3−δ (YSZ-LSCrF) dual-phase composite hollow fiber membranes were prepared by a combined phase-inversion and sintering method. The shell surface of the hollow fiber membrane was modified with Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) via a drop−coating method. As the rate of oxygen

  19. A high performance BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ-based solid oxide fuel cell with a cobalt-free Ba0.5Sr0.5FeO3-δ–Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ composite cathode

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Wenping; Shi, Zhen; Fang, S.; Yan, Litao; Zhu, Zhiwen; Liu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    A cobalt-free Ba0.5Sr0.5FeO3-δ–Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ (BSF–SDC) composite is employed as a cathode for an anode-supported proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (H-SOFCs) using BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ (BZCY) as the electrolyte. The chemical compatibility between BSF and SDC is evaluated. The XRD results show

  20. Influence of Li2CO3 and V2O5 combined additions on the sintering and dielectric properties of Ca0.5Sr0.5TiO3 ceramics prepared from powders synthesized by sol-gel method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nouara Lamrani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we have studied the influence of lithium carbonate (Li2CO3 associated with the vanadium oxide (V2O5 on sintering and dielectrics properties of Ca0.5Sr0.5TiO3 ceramic materials obtained from nanopowder synthesized by sol-gel method. The nanopowder was obtained by controlled mixing of titanium butoxide dissolved in butanol-2 and acetic acid with a saturated aqueous solution of calcium acetate and strontium carbonate and subsequent drying of the formed gel at 80 °C and calcination at 1100 °C. The synthesized nanopowder was mixed with different amount of additives, and then uniaxally pressed and sintered in air atmosphere at temperature determined by dilatomertic measurements. The pure Ca0.5Sr0.5TiO3 sample obtained by this process required a sintering temperature around 1500 °C. The addition of Li2CO3 combined with V2O5 improved sinterability and caused a shift of dilatimeric shrinkage curve to much lower temperatures. Thus, dense ceramics (98% of theoretical density were obtained at sintering temperature ≤ 1300 °C. The effect of adding Li2CO3-V2O5 on the structure of ceramics and the dielectric properties is discussed and show that type I dielectric properties (linear variation of the permittivity are conserved, but with an increase of dielectric loss.

  1. Enhanced oxygen diffusion in low barium-containing La0.2175Pr0.2175Ba0.145Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3−δ intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

    KAUST Repository

    Vert, Vicente B.

    2012-09-01

    Isotopic tracer diffusion studies have been performed on the perovskite composition La 0.2175Pr 0.2175Ba 0.145Sr 0.4Fe 0.8Co 0.2O 3-δ to obtain the diffusion and surface exchange coefficients for oxygen. This material has been identified as a highly active electrocatalytic cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. The oxygen diffusion coefficients obtained in the 450-650 °C temperature range are higher than the ones measured for most of the cathode materials reported in the literature and they agree with those calculated from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements performed on symmetrical cells. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Enhancement of NOx removal performance for (La0.85Sr0.15)0.99MnO3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 electrochemical cells by NOx storage/reduction adsorption layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shao, Jing; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of adding a NOx adsorption layer to the cathode of an electrochemical cell on the removal of NOx from gaseous mixtures. The cathode was a composite of (La0.85Sr0.15)0.99MnO3 (LSM15) and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO10). Two different kinds of adsorption layers, K–Pt–Al2O...... reaction path for NOx reduction. A stronger capability for oxidizing NO and/or trapping NOx under the test conditions may have contributed to the superior performance of the K–Pt–Al2O3 adsorption layer relative to the Ba–Pt–Al2O3 layer. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved....

  3. Removal of NOx with Porous Cell Stacks with La0.85Sr0.15CoxMn1-xO3+δ-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 Electrodes Infiltrated with BaO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werchmeister, Rebecka Maria Larsen; Bentzen, Janet Jonna; Andersen, Kjeld Bøhm

    2014-01-01

    Porous cell stacks with composite electrodes of La0.85Sr0.15CoxMn1-xO3-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 were tested for activity toward selective electrochemical reduction of NOx to N2 in the presence of 10% O2. The cell stacks were produced by tape casting, laminating and sintering the backbone structure followe...

  4. Formation of gapless Z 2 spin liquid phase manganites in the (Sm1- y Gd y )0.55Sr0.45MnO3 system in zero magnetic field: Topological phase transitions to states with low and high density of 2D-vortex pairs induced by the magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukhan'ko, F. N.; Bukhan'ko, A. F.

    2017-12-01

    The evolution of the ground state of the manganese spin ensemble in the (Sm1- y Gd y )0.55Sr0.45MnO3 in the case of isovalent substitution of rare-earth samarium ions with large radii with gadolinium ions with significantly smaller radii is studied. The measured temperature dependences of the ac magnetic susceptibility and the field dependences of the dc magnetizations are analyzed using the Heisenberg-Kitaev model describing the transition from the ordered spin state with classical isotropic AFM exchange to the frustrated spin state with quantum highly anisotropic FM exchange. A continuous transition from the 3D ferromagnetic state of manganese spins in the initial sample with y = 0 to zigzag AFM ordering of CE-type spins in ab planes for y = 0.5, coexisting in samples with y = 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7 at temperatures below T N ≅ 48.5 K with a disordered phase such as a quantum Griffiths phase is identified. As the gadolinium concentration further increases, the CE-type zigzag AFM structure is molten, which leads to the appearance of an unusual phase in Gd0.55Sr0.45MnO3 in the temperature range close to the absolute zero. This phase has characteristic features of a gapless Z 2 quantum spin liquid in zero external magnetic field. The step changes in the magnetization isotherms measured at 4.2 K in the field range of ±75 kOe are explained by quantum phase transitions of the Z 2 spin liquid to a phase with topological order in weak magnetic fields and a polarized phase in strong fields. The significant difference between critical fields and magnetization jumps in isotherms indicates the existence of hysteretic phenomena in quantum spin liquid magnetization-demagnetization processes caused by the difference between localization-delocalization of 2D vortex pairs induced by a magnetic field in a quantum spin liquid with disorder.

  5. Engineered microstructure for tailoring the pyroelectric performance of Ba0.85Sr0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 ceramics by 3BaO-3TiO2-B2O3 glass addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srikanth, K. S.; Patel, Satyanarayan; Steiner, Sebastian; Vaish, Rahul

    2017-06-01

    3BaO-3TiO2-B2O3 (BTBO) glass-added ferroelectric Ba0.85Sr0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 (BST-BZT) ceramics were synthesized using a conventional solid state reaction route. BTBO glass settled at grain boundaries which has been confirmed from energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Such effects were observed to benefit properties like the pyroelectric coefficient from 3.4 × 10-4 C/m2 K (0% glass) to 4.29 × 10-4 C/m2 K (2% by wt. glass) at 303 K. The dielectric constant decreased from 2937 to 2514 with 2% glass addition at 303 K (1 kHz). However, this reduction in dielectric constant increases the pyroelectric figure of merits (FOMs) for high current responsivity ( F i), voltage responsivity ( F v), detectivity ( F d), energy harvesting ( F e), and ( Fe *) by 50%, 126%, 49%, 81%, and 76%, respectively, for 2% glass sample as compared with 0% glass at 303 K. Some of the FOMs even surpass the reported FOMs of well-known pyroelectric ceramics.

  6. Defect chemistry and oxygen transport of (La0.6Sr0.4 − xMx)0.99Co0.2Fe0.8O3 − δ, M = Ca (x = 0.05, 0.1), Ba (x = 0.1, 0.2), Sr: Part II: Oxygen transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalslet, Bjarke Thomas; Søgaard, Martin; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2009-01-01

    This paper is the second part of a two part series, where the effects of varying the A-site dopant on the defect chemistry and transport properties of the materials (La0.6Sr0.4 − xMx)0.99Co0.2Fe0.8O3 − δ, M = Sr, Ca (x = 0.05, 0.1), Ba (x = 0.1, 0.2) (LSMFC) have been investigated. In part I......, the findings on the defect chemistry were reported, while the oxygen transport properties are reported here in part II. In the investigated material series, the amount of divalent dopant has been kept constant, while Sr ions have been substituted with Ca ions (smaller ionic radius) or Ba ions (larger ionic...... radius). The size difference induces different strains into the crystal structure in each composition. The possibility of simple relationships between various crystal strain parameters and the transport properties were analyzed. Oxygen pump controlled permeation experiments and a surface sensitive...

  7. Phase transitions and electrical characterizations of (K 0.5Na 0.5) 2x(Sr 0.6Ba 0.4) 5-xNb 10O 30 (KNSBN) ceramics with 'unfilled' and 'filled' tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) crystal structure

    KAUST Repository

    Yao, Yingbang

    2012-12-01

    Alkali-doped strontium barium niobate (K 0.5Na 0.5) 2x(Sr 0.6Ba 0.4) 5-xNb 10O 30 (KNSBN) ceramics has been prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction method. The alkali-dopant concentration x has been varied from 0.24 to 1.15 so that the crystal structure was transformed from \\'unfilled\\' to \\'filled\\' tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) structure. Apart from the change in the structural properties, the effects of the alkali-dopants on the phase transition as well as ferroelectric, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties have also been investigated. Phase transitions have been studied in the temperature range of -200°C to 350°C. The origins of these phase transitions are discussed. The addition of the alkali-dopants enhances the ferroelectric, piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties of the KNSBN ceramics. Alkali-doping also favors abnormal grain growth and thus results in a porous microstructure, which might contribute to the enhancement of the pyroelectric performance. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

  8. A CO2-tolerant La2NiO4+δ-coated PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co1.5Fe0.5O5+δ cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jin; Zhang, Qian; Qiu, Peng; Jia, Lichao; Chi, Bo; Pu, Jian; Li, Jian

    2017-02-01

    La2NiO4+δ (LN)-coated PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co1.5Fe0.5O5+δ (PBSCF) composite cathode, designated as PBSCF-LN, for the intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) is prepared by solution infiltration, and investigated comparatively with single phase PBSCF cathode in the half and full cells using Ag and/or Pt paste as the current collector. Compared with Pt, Ag current collector results in a decrease of cathode polarization resistance (RP) by an order of magnitude, which suggests that Ag is electrocatalytically active and not suitable for the use of studying the cathode performance of IT-SOFCs. The RP value of PBSCF-LN cathode is significantly lower than that of PBSCF cathode, no matter whether Pt or Ag current collector is used for the measurement. High power densities ranging from 0.24 to 0.94 W cm-2 at temperatures between 600 and 750 °C are achieved using a full cell with PBSCF-LN cathode. Upon exposure to a CO2-rich atmosphere, carbonate particles are formed on the surface of PBSCF cathode, causing irreversible degradation of electrochemical performance. In contrast, the surface of PBSCF-LN cathode remains clean, and its performance degradation due to CO2 adsorption is recoverable.

  9. Tuning the magnetic and transport properties of La0.8Ca0.2MnO3 films by Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 intercalated layers grown with polymer-assisted deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, S. Y.; Shi, L.; Zhao, J. Y.; Xie, C. Z.; Zhou, S. M.; Li, Y.

    2017-06-01

    The La0.8Ca0.2MnO3/Ba0.8Sr0.2TiO3 (LCM/BST) bilayer films were epitaxially grown on SrTiO3 substrates with different orientations by the polymer-assisted deposition. The effects of annealing atmosphere and substrate orientation on the magnetic and transport properties of LCM/BST bilayer films have been investigated. A well crystallization quality of the films is confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Besides, the resistivity of the LCM/BST bilayer film shows high substrate-orientation dependent metal-insulator transition (MIT). However, with the decrease in temperature, in addition to the MIT at ˜220 K, an additional MIT emerges at a lower temperature and becomes robust, especially for the (111)-oriented LCM/BST bilayer film. Moreover, the additional MIT still exists when annealed in O2/air atmosphere but disappears in O2 atmosphere. Corroborated by the magnetic properties, it shows that the intercalated-layer technique of tuning the physical properties of transition-metal oxide films is achievable and more variable compared to the conventional way of chemical modification, which is beneficial to the development of multifunctional devices.

  10. 3.3 V write-voltage Ir/Ca0.2Sr0.8Bi2Ta2O9/HfO2/Si ferroelectric-gate field-effect transistors with 109 endurance and good retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Takahashi, Mitsue; Sasaki, Yoshikazu; Kusuhara, Masaki; Sakai, Shigeki

    2017-04-01

    Ir/Ca0.2Sr0.8Bi2Ta2O9 (CSBT)/HfO2/Si ferroelectric-gate field-effect transistors (FeFETs), which were appropriate for low-voltage 3.3 V operations, were developed. The key to the success was the use of N2-dominant gas mixed with a small amount of O2 in a gas flow during the annealing of the FeFETs at 780 °C for CSBT polycrystallization. The Ir gate was newly developed for overcoming the problem of Pt peeling off from the CSBT surface during the novel annealing process. For maximizing the memory windows of the FeFETs, the optimum flow rate of O2 mixed with 1000-sccm-fixed N2 was found to be as low as 0.5 sccm. The novel annealing process suppressed the SiO2 interfacial layer growth to 2.6 nm thickness. The annealing also improved CSBT ferroelectricity. A 109 cycle endurance and a 105 s retention were demonstrated by 3.3 V writing of the FeFETs.

  11. Electric-field control of electronic transport properties and enhanced magnetoresistance in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/0.5BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3-0.5Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3 lead-free multiferroic structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Jian-Min; Gao, Guan-Yin; Liu, Yu-Kuai; Wang, Fei-Fei; Zheng, Ren-Kui

    2017-10-01

    We report the fabrication of lead-free multiferroic structures by depositing ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) polycrystalline films on polished 0.5BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3-0.5Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3 (BZT-BCT) piezoelectric ceramic substrates. By applying electric fields to the BZT-BCT along the thickness direction, the resistivity of LSMO films can be effectively manipulated via the piezoelectric strain of the BZT-BCT. Moreover, the LSMO polycrystalline films exhibit almost temperature independent and significantly enhanced magnetoresistance (MR) below TC. At T = 2 K and H = 8 T, the MR of polycrystalline films is approximately two orders of magnitude higher than that of LSMO epitaxial films grown on (LaAlO3)0.3(SrAl1/2Ta1/2O3)0.7 single-crystal substrates. The enhanced MR mainly results from the spin-polarized tunneling of charge carriers across grain boundaries. The LSMO/BZT-BCT structures with electric-field controllable modulation of resistivity and enhanced MR effect may have potential applications in low-energy consumption and environmentally friendly electronic devices.

  12. CO2 Reduction on the Pre-reduced Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conducting Perovskites La0.6 Sr-0.4 FeO3-δ and SrTi0.7 Fe0.3 O3-δ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grünbacher, Matthias; Götsch, Thomas; Opitz, Alexander K; Klötzer, Bernhard; Penner, Simon

    2018-01-05

    The activity of the pre-reduced perovskites La0.6 Sr0.4 FeO3-δ (LSF64) and SrTi0.7 Fe0.3 O3-δ (STF73) for the CO2 reduction to CO was investigated with special focus on the reactivity of oxide-dissolved hydrogen. This is of particular interest in hydrogen solid-oxide electrolysis cell (H-SOEC) technology, where proton-conducting ceramics are used and the reaction 2e- +2H+ +CO2 →CO+H2 O is of central importance. To clarify if hydrogen dissolved in LSF64 and STF73 partakes in the CO2 reduction, temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) in H2 , followed by temperature-programmed reoxidation (TPO) in CO2 and, moreover, temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of ad- and absorbed species were utilized. The experiments reveal that 50 mol % of the CO2 is converted by hydrogen dissolved in STF73 and reacts quantitatively. On the other hand, LSF64 converts less than 20 mol % of CO2 via dissolved hydrogen and a residual of bulk OH is still detectable after CO2 -TPO. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Bias polarization study of steam electrolysis by composite oxygen electrode Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ/BaCe0.4Zr0.4Y0.2O3-δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tao; Shaula, Aliaksandr; Pukazhselvan, D.; Ramasamy, Devaraj; Deng, Jiguang; da Silva, E. L.; Duarte, Ricardo; Saraiva, Jorge A.

    2017-12-01

    The polarization behavior of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ-BaCe0.4Zr0.4Y0.2O3-δ (BSCF-BCZY) electrode under steam electrolysis conditions was studied in detail. The composite oxygen electrode supported by BCZY electrolyzer has been assessed as a function of temperature (T), water vapor partial pressures (pH2O), and bias polarization voltage for electrodes of comparable microstructure. The Electrochemical impedance spectra show two depressed arcs in general without bias polarization. And the electrode resistance became smaller with the increase of the bias polarization under the same water vapor partial pressures. The total resistance of the electrode was shown to be significantly affected by temperature, with the same level of pH2O and bias polarization voltage. This result highlights BSCF-BCZY as an effective oxygen electrode under moderate polarization and pH2O conditions.

  14. Polarization-Induced Interface and Sr Segregation of in Situ Assembled La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ Electrodes on Y2O3-ZrO2 Electrolyte of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kongfa; Li, Na; Ai, Na; Cheng, Yi; Rickard, William D A; Jiang, San Ping

    2016-11-23

    Application of cobaltite-based electrodes such as La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) on Y2O3-ZrO2 (YSZ) electrolyte in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) generally requires the use of a doped ceria barrier layer to prevent the interaction between LSCF and YSZ during sintering at high temperatures. In this paper, we report for the first time an in situ assembly approach to directly incorporate LSCF cathode to YSZ electrolyte without the use of a doped ceria barrier layer and without presintering at high temperatures. A Ni-YSZ anode-supported YSZ electrolyte cell with an in situ assembled LSCF electrode exhibits a peak power density of 1.72 W cm-2 at 750 °C. However, the cell performance degrades significantly at 500 mAcm-2 and 750 °C. The results indicate that cathodic polarization not only induces the formation of the interface but also accelerates the Sr segregation. The segregated Sr migrates to the LSCF electrode/YSZ electrolyte surface and forms an SrO layer. Using a Sr-free LaCoO3-δ composite cathode overcomes the Sr segregation problem, showing an excellent peak power density of 1.2 Wcm-2 and good stability at 750 °C for over 100 h. The present study shows that cobaltite-based perovskites can be directly used on YSZ-based electrolyte via the in situ assembly providing an effective means to advance the application of highly active mixed ionic/electronic conducting cathodes to YSZ electrolyte-based SOFCs.

  15. Návrh řídicího modulu UAV robotu.

    OpenAIRE

    Arnošt, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce je zaměřena na návrh řídícího softwaru pro bezpilotní letadlo. Jako zástupce bezpilotních letadel byla zvolena kvadrikoptéra Parrot Ar.Drone. Práce popisuje způsob ovládání a komunikace. Na základě těchto informací je vytvořen program pro řízení letu kvadrikoptéry Ar.Drone. This diploma thesis is focused on the design of the control software for the unmanned aerial vehicle. Parrot Ar.Drone quadrocopter was a representative of the unmanned aerial vehicle. This thesis de...

  16. Vytvoření modulu pro dolování dat z databází

    OpenAIRE

    Krásenský, David

    2008-01-01

    Cílem této práce je vytvořit modul pro získávání znalostí z databází pro informační systém Belindy firmy Voxnet s.r.o. V první fázi budou pomocí programu SAS Enterprise Miner analyzována data z databáze klientů firmy pomocí několika dolovacích metod a výsledky budou porovnány. Ve druhé fázi bude vhodná metoda implementována jako modul informačního systému Belinda. Součástí práce je také zhodnocení dosažených výsledků a možného využití v praxi. The goal of this work is to create data mining...

  17. Magnetic properties of La0.95Sr0.05CoO3 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Ravi; Shukla, Rishabh; Priyanka, Dhaka, R. S.

    2017-05-01

    We report the magnetic and structural properties of La(1-x)SrxCoO3 (x = 0 & 0.05) nanoparticles. The analysis of room temperature powder x-ray diffraction confirms the crystalline nature and single phase of the prepared samples. The magnetic measurements show ferromagnetic transition at TC˜85 K, the spontaneous magnetic moment MS ˜172 emu/mol, and the coercive field HC ˜7 kOe in parent compound, which are in agreement with the literature. Interestingly, with hole doping by Sr2+ substitution at La3+ site the magnetization data show drastic changes, as the TC increases to ˜270 K, the value of MS (˜557 emu/mole) increases about three times, whereas, the HC (˜0.6 kOe) decreases. Below TC, the nanoparticles show a much larger FC moment and a significant difference in FC and ZFC (zero field cooled) behaviors. For x = 0.05, we determined the values of effective magnetic moment (µeff = 3.62 µB/Co), the Curie temperature (θCW = -28 K) and the spin state (Savg = 1.38), which are significantly different than LaCoO3. Our study suggests an important role of charge carriers in controlling of intermediate spin state by hole doping in nanoparticles.

  18. Influence of bismuth on properties and microstructures of Sr0⋅ 5Ba0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ba0.5–Bi TiO3 (BST, 0 < < 0.030 mol) thin films was studied. The results showed that the dielectric constant (r) and dielectric loss (tan ) decreased, and temperature, m, for maximum and r (Curie temperature), moved to lower ...

  19. Leakage current transport mechanisms of La0. 67Sr0. 33MnO3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    limited current mechanism under forward bias while thermionic emission model under reverse bias. Analysis indicates that a modulating Schottky barrier exists at the LSMO/BTO interface, which dominates the leakage current transport properties ...

  20. Inelastic neutron scattering and lattice dynamics of NaNbO3 and Sr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    fair agreement with the experimental data available in the literature. The average deviation between the calculations and the experimental data is about 10%. The calculated partial density of states in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 is shown in figure 1. The computed partial density of states reveal that Na contributes ...

  1. Oxygen separating membrane manufactured from Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    method (Liberty 220 Varian). XRD patterns were obtained using X'PertPROX diffractometer. The surface microstruc- ture of material was evaluated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) SEM/HITACHI S-3400N/2007. Bars produced according to the same procedure as pellets were used for determining the ...

  2. Oxygen separating membrane manufactured from Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Properties of both powder and granulate (chemical and phase compositions, the specific surface area and the porosity) as well as sintered material (the apparent density, the apparent porosity, the water absorbability, the chemical composition, the crystallo-graphic structure and microstructure), that affect the process of ion ...

  3. Electrical and magneto transport properties of La0. 8− xCaxSr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MR is found to behave almost linearly with temperature for x = 0.1 sample for different magnetic field strengths in contrast to plateau type behaviour observed for x = 0.3 sample. Standard temperature-dependent resistivity models such as small polaron and variable range hopping are used to fit the resistivity data in the high ...

  4. Effect of sintering condition on properties of Cr-doped Pb0⋅ 95 Sr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J Costa Marrero1 A Suárez-Gómez1 J Saniger Blesa2 F Calderón-Piñar3. Ultrasonics Department, ICIMAF, Calle 15 #551 e/C y D, Vedado, La Habana 10400, Cuba; CCADET, UNAM, Cd. Universitaria P.O. Box 70-186, C.P. 04510, Mexico D.F., Mexico; Physics Faculty-IMRE, Havana University, San Lázaro y L, Vedado, ...

  5. Influence of bismuth on properties and microstructures of Sr0⋅5Ba0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    acetylacetone and glycerin as chelating and surface activation agents, respectively. 2.2 Instruments. Phase composition of the prepared films was characterized ... explained by the bulk effects (Lei et al 2000) of BST crystal cells. Dielectric constant showed scattering frequency charac- teristics due to the differences of ...

  6. Electrical conduction and thermal properties of Bi-doped Pr0· 7Sr0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Physics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal University, Manipal 576 104, India; Department of Physics, University of Trento, Trento, Italy; Superconductivity and Cryogenics Division, National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), Dr K S Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110 012, India; Department of Physics, National ...

  7. ФИЗИКО-ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА ФЕРРИТОВ СО СТРУКТУРОЙ МАГНЕТОПЛЮМБИТА SR 0.75(1- X )CA 0.25(1- X )LA X FE 12- X CO X O 19

    OpenAIRE

    БАШКИРОВ ЛЕОНИД АНДРЕЕВИЧ; ДУДЧИК ГАЛИНА ПАВЛОВНА; КРИСЬКО ЛЮБОВЬ ЯКОВЛЕВНА; ЛУБИНСКИЙ НИКОЛАЙ НИКОЛАЕВИЧ; СЛОНСКАЯ СВЕТЛАНА ВИКТОРОВНА; ГАЛЯС АНАТОЛИЙ ИВАНОВИЧ; БУШИНСКИЙ М.В.

    2008-01-01

    В данной работе керамическим методом были получены образцы стронций-кальциевых ферритов со структурой магнетоплюмбита Sr 0.75(1x )Ca 0.25(1x )La x Fe 12x Co x O 19. Было определено, что образцы ферритов с 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2 содержали в небольшом количестве примесь Fe 2O 3. Образцы ферритов с 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.5 содержали в небольшом количестве фазу Co 2Fe 4O 9. Температура Кюри исследованных ферритов уменьшалась от 725 K до 700 K при увеличении x от 0 до 0.5.Установлено, что электрическая проводимость фер...

  8. Preparation and Electrical Properties of La0.9Sr0.1TiO3+δ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenzhi Li

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La1−xSrxTiO3+δ (LST has been studied in many fields, especially in the field of microelectronics due to its excellent electrical performance. Our previous theoretical simulated work has suggested that LST has good dielectric properties, but there are rare reports about this, especially experimental reports. In this paper, LST was prepared using a solid-state reaction method. The X-rays diffraction (XRD, scanning electron microscope (SEM, broadband dielectric spectroscopy, impedance spectroscopy and photoconductive measurement were used to characterize the sample. The results show that the values of dielectric parameters (the relative dielectric constant εr and dielectric loss tanδ, dependent on temperature, are stable under 350 °C and the value of the relative dielectric constant and dielectric loss are about 52–88 and 6.5 × 10−3, respectively. Its value of conductivity increases with rise in temperature, which suggests its negative temperature coefficient of the resistance. In addition, the band gap of LST is about 3.39 eV, so it belongs to a kind of wide-band-gap semiconductor materials. All these indicate that LST has anti-interference ability and good dielectric properties. It could have potential applications as an electronic material.

  9. Electrical and Magneto transport properties of La0.8-xCaxSr0.1Ag0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    70

    resistivity (CMR), charge ordering (CO), orbital ordering, phase separation, etc. ... on the other hand is found to decrease TC and increase MR value drastically. .... Consequent to this is the creation of ferromagnetic insulating (FMI) and ...

  10. Polarized Raman scattering in single crystals of Nd0.7Sr0.3MnO3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    3MnO3. The temper- ature dependence of the MnO6 octahedral bending and stretching modes observed in the XX spectra points to the existence of local lattice distortions, possibly polarons. The XY spectra have been ana- lyzed using a ...

  11. Strain driven anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic La$_{0.4}$Sr$_{0.6}$MnO$_{3}$

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, AT; Beekman, C.; Guo, H.; W. Siemons; Gai, Z.; Arenholz, E.; Takamura, Y.; Ward, TZ

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the effects of strain on antiferromagnetic (AFM) single crystal thin films of La 1-x Sr x MnO 3 (x = 0.6). Nominally unstrained samples have strong magnetoresistance with anisotropic magnetoresistances (AMR) of up to 8%. Compressive strain suppresses magnetoresistance but generates AMR values of up to 63%. Tensile strain presents the only case of a metal-insulator transition and demonstrates a previously unreported AMR behavior. In all three cases, we find evidence of magnetic...

  12. Annealing effect on transport properties of Nd0. 67Sr0. 33MnO3 thin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai 600 036, India; Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India; Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, 603 102, India; Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden ...

  13. Electronic and vibrational Raman spectroscopy of Nd0.5Sr0.5MnO3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Scientific Research, Jakkur P.O., Bangalore 560 064, India. 2Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit; 3Department of Physics, Indian Institute of. Science .... tion of stoichiometric amounts of neodymium acetate, strontium carbonate and manganese dioxide. The initial materials were grounded and heated at 1000◦C.

  14. A coprecipitation technique to prepare Sr0⋅5Ba0⋅5Nb2O6

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    pellets were sintered at 1300°C for 2 h. The surfaces of the sintered pellet were polished and electroded with low- temperature curing silver paint. The ferroelectric hysteresis loop parameters were measured with the aid of a home- built Sawyer-Tower circuit. A LCR meter was used to measure the dielectric constant at 1 kHz.

  15. Large reduction of leakage current by graded-layer La doping in $(Ba_0_._5, Sr_0_._5)TiO_3$ thin films

    OpenAIRE

    Saha, S.; Krupanidhi, SB

    2001-01-01

    A large reduction in the leakage current behavior in (Ba, Sr)TiO3 (BST) thin films was observed by graded-layer donor doping. The graded doping was achieved by introducing La-doped BST layers in the grown BST films. The films showed a large decrease (about six orders of magnitude) in the leakage current in comparison to undoped films at an electric field of 100 kV/cm. The large decrease in leakage current was attributed to the formation of highly resistive layers, originating from compensatin...

  16. Mechanical Properties and Phase Stability of Oxygen Permeable Membranes La0.5Sr0.5Fe1-xCoxO3-δ

    OpenAIRE

    Lein, Hilde Lea

    2005-01-01

    Ceramic membranes made from mixed oxygen-ionic and electronic conducting perovskite oxides can selectively separate oxygen from air at elevated temperatures. These membranes have several potential applications that require a continuous supply of oxygen. For example, they may be an alternative for cryogenic production of oxygen or alternative electrode materials in solid oxide fuel cells. Of particular significance is the partial oxidation of methane to syngas (CO + H2). By combining air separ...

  17. Strain engineering to control the magnetic and magnetotransport properties of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, F.; Kemik, N.; Biegalski, M.D.; Christen, H.M.; Arenholz, E.; Takamura, Y.

    2010-06-15

    This work studies the control of the magnetic and magnetotransport properties of La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} thin films through strain engineering. The strain state is characterized by the tetragonal distortion (c/a ratio), which can be varied continuously between a compressive strain of 1.005 to a tensile strain of 0.952 by changing the type of substrate, the growth rate, and the presence of an underlying La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}FeO{sub 3} buffer layer. Increasing tensile tetragonal distortion of the La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} thin film decreases the saturation magnetization, changes the temperature dependence of the resistivity and magnetoresistance, and increases the resistivity by several orders of magnitude.

  18. LaMnO3, La0⋅67Sr0⋅33MnO3 and La0⋅67Ca0⋅33Mn

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and 200 K for La0⋅67Ca0⋅33MnO3. These Curie temperatures correspond well with those reported for bulk materials with similar composition. Keywords. Reverse micellar synthesis; nanomaterials; magnetism; rare-earth manganites. 1. Introduction. Nanomaterials of perovskite-related manganites have attracted attention ...

  19. Magnetocaloric response of La0.70Ca0.1Sr0.2Fe0.1Mn0.9O3 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    346 to 223 K was observed for 10% of Fe doping at Mn-site in the LCSMO sample. The substitution of Mn by. Fe results in a combination of doping disorder, a site-percolation and Mn–Fe super-exchange interactions, which suppresses the ferromagnetism. The maximum magnetic entropy change of 1.53 J kg−1 K−1 with ...

  20. La0⋅9Sr0⋅1Ga0⋅8M0⋅2O3–δ (M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu or Zn ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    –δ for M = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn, have been prepared and investigated. All the oxides exhibit high electrical conductivities (σ ~ 10–2 S/cm at. 800°C) comparable to that of the best perovskite oxide ion conductor, ...

  1. Magnetotransport in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/CuCr2O4/Fe3O4 magnetic junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata-Harms, Jodi M.; Chopdekar, Rajesh V.; Wong, Franklin J.; Nelson-Cheeseman, Brittany B.; Jenkins, Catherine A.; Arenholz, Elke; Suzuki, Yuri

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate distinct magnetic and resistive switching with junction magnetoresistance up to -6% in magnetic tunnel junctions with a CuCr2O4 barrier. Junction magnetoresistance is inversely related to barrier thickness and reveals a maximum at a finite applied bias that converges to zero bias at low temperatures for all barrier thicknesses. The non-monotonic bias dependence is attributed to a charge gap from the Fe3O4 electrode and possible spin filtering from the spin-split conduction band of the ferrimagnetic CuCr2O4 barrier.

  2. Temperature dependent tunability data and modelling in the paraelectric Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 solid solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia Petronela Curecheriu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The fi eld dependence of the dielectric constant (dc-tunability as a function of temperature in (Ba,SrTiO3 ceramics was investigated. Dense and homogeneous BaxSr1-xTiO3 ceramics prepared by Pechini method show low losses, high dielectric constant of ~4000 and typical ferroelectric properties at room temperature. The dctunability at various temperatures, including the Curie range, was obtained. A single polarization mechanism was used in the polar state of the ceramics to describe the tunability data. A good correlation between theory and experiment was found. In the paraelectric phase, a model of random uncorrelated non-interacting dipolar units in a double well potential was considered.

  3. Influence of defect mobility on electrostrain in acceptor-doped Ba0.80Sr0.20TiO3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Vani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study reports significant differences in the defect-mediated electrostrain in B-site trivalent ions (Fe3+ and Mn3+ doped Barium titanate based system. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR Spectroscopy has been employed as a structural probe for understanding the symmetry of defects. Differences in the reorientation of the defect dipoles have been correlated with the electrostrain. Mechanism for the higher strain in Mn-doped system has also been explained.

  4. Investigation of electronic phase segregation in La0.75Ca0.15Sr0.10MnO3 manganite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Venkatesh, R.; Venkateshwarlu, D.; Pryds, Nini

    2014-01-01

    The effect of electronic phase segregation in a broad metal-Insulator transition (MIT) observed in La0.75Ca0.25-xSrxMnO3 (x=0.1) composition is investigated using heat capacity, magnetization, electrical resistivity and magnetoresistance measurements. The negative magnetoresistance of 65% in an a......The effect of electronic phase segregation in a broad metal-Insulator transition (MIT) observed in La0.75Ca0.25-xSrxMnO3 (x=0.1) composition is investigated using heat capacity, magnetization, electrical resistivity and magnetoresistance measurements. The negative magnetoresistance of 65...

  5. In-situ strain effect on extrinsic transport of polycrystalline La 0.7(Ca,Sr) 0.3MnO 3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangineni, R. B.; Kim, J. W.; Nenkov, K.; Schultz, L.

    2012-03-01

    The spin-polarised transport in ferromagnetic polycrystalline La0.7(Sr,Ca)0.3MnO3 films on piezoelectric substrate has been investigated. The systematic study involved in finding the effect of in-situ strain on extrinsic electrical transport of various thick polycrystalline La0.7(Sr,Ca)0.3MnO3 thin films. The in-situ strain in the manganite polycrystalline thin film is achieved by applying an electric field to the piezoelectric substrate 0.72 Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.28 PbTiO3 (PMN-PT). A reversible strain of about 0.11% is acquired with an application of 10 kV/cm to the piezoelectric substrate. A typical drop in resistance at low magnetic fields has been found in all the polycrystalline manganite films. The effect of reversible strain versus the resultant strain gauges was discussed in all the polycrystalline films. At low temperatures, the effect of strain on low-field magnetoresistance and high-field magnetoresistance was found to be negligible. Further, the results are compared with the transport in manganite films deposited on step edge junctions.

  6. Ethylene Production by ODHE in Catalytic Modified Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3 Membrane Reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Lobera González, Maria Pilar; Escolástico Rozalén, Sonia; García Fayos, Julio; Serra Alfaro, José Manuel

    2012-01-01

    [EN] Process intensification by the integration of membranes and high-temperature reactors offers several advantages with regard to conventional process schemes, that is, energy saving, safe operation, reduced plant/unit size, and higher process performance, for example, higher productivity, catalytic activity, selectivity, or stability. We present the study of oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane at 850 8C on a catalytic membrane reactor based on a mixed ionic¿electronic conducting membrane....

  7. Kinetics and Mechanisms of Oxygen Surface Exchange on La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-delta Thin Films

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosleh, Majid; Søgaard, Martin; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2009-01-01

    coefficient (kV) determined from Kchem shows a slope (log kV vs log PO2) between 0.51 and 0.85. It is further found that kV is proportional to the product of the oxygen partial pressure and the vacancy concentration (kVPO2). Different reaction mechanisms that can account for the observed PO2 and -dependence...... of kV are analyzed. It is proposed that the vacancies are the active sites of adsorption of molecular oxygen and that the rate determining step for the exchange reaction is splitting of the adsorbed oxygen. ©2009 The Electrochemical Society...

  8. Relaxor behaviour of (Ba0⋅5Sr0⋅5)(Ti0⋅6Zr0⋅4)O3 ceramics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    mated from a linear fit of the modified Curie–Weiss law. The value of γ ~ 1⋅72 indicates the strong relaxor nature of the ceramic. A remarkably good fit to the Vogel–Fulcher relation further supports such a relaxor nature. Keywords. Electroceramics; perovskites; barium–strontium–titanate–zirconate; phase formation; ...

  9. Sensing properties of perovskite oxide La0.5SR0.5Co0-3-d obtained by using pulsed laser deposition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, T.V.A.; Olthuis, Wouter; Bergveld, Piet

    2004-01-01

    La1−xSrxCoO3−δ belongs to the group of perovskite oxides of the ABO3 structure, with a trivalent rare earth in the A position (La) and a trivalent metal ion in the B position (Co). Doping with divalent Sr-ions at the trivalent La-positions creates oxygen vacancies which give the oxide catalytic

  10. Spin-fluctuation mediated superconductivity and magnetic order in the cuprate La1.88Sr0.12CuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømer, Astrid Tranum

    High-temperature superconductivity in cuprates emerges as one out of many electronic phases when doping the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator La2CuO4 away from half _lling. The description of the superconducting phase is therefore complicated by intertwined electronic orders that compete...... with superconductivity. However, it is possible that the tendency towards additional ordering phenomena is a necessary condition for unconventional superconductivity to develop. Indeed most superconductors discovered throughout the last 29 years, including also the recently discovered class of iron-based superconductors......, show a very rich electronic phase diagram. A common feature that characterizes both cuprates, heavy fermions, and iron pnictides is the proximity to magnetic order. Therefore, the idea of spin-uctuation mediated pairing is a popular paradigm proposed for unconventional superconductivity. A _ngerprint...

  11. Uniaxial contribution to the magnetic anisotropy of La 0.67Sr 0.33MnO 3 thin films induced by orthorhombic crystal structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschker, Hans; Mathews, Mercy; Brinks, Peter; Houwman, Evert; Vailionis, Arturas; Koster, Gertjan; Blank, Dave H. A.; Rijnders, Guus

    2011-11-01

    La 0.67Sr 33MnO 3 (LSMO) thin films under compressive strain have an orthorhombic symmetry with (1 1¯ 0)o and (0 0 1)o in-plane orientations. (The subscript o denotes the orthorhombic symmetry.) Here, we grew LSMO on cubic (LaAlO 3) 0.3—(Sr 2AlTaO 6) 0.7 (LSAT) substrates and observed a uniaxial contribution to the magnetic anisotropy which is related to the orthorhombic crystal structure. Since the lattice mismatch is equal in the two directions, the general understanding of anisotropy in LSMO, which relates the uniaxial anisotropy to differences in strain, cannot explain the results. These findings suggest that the oxygen octahedra rotations associated with the orthorhombic structure result in a change in magnetic coupling between the [1 1¯ 0]o and [0 0 1] o directions, which determines the anisotropy. We expect these findings to lead to a better understanding of the microscopic origin of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in LSMO.

  12. Elaboration, characterisation and modelling of screen-printed La0.8Sr0.2MnO{sub 3} cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell; Elaboration, caracterisation et modelisation de cathode serigraphiee, La0.8Sr0.2MnO3, pour pile a combustible SOFC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caillol, N.

    2006-03-15

    The properties of LSM screen-printed cathodes on YSZ electrolytes and the modelling of oxygen reduction have been studied. A bibliographic review of published works on LSM and LSM/YSZ interface reveals the lack of consensus over the mechanism proposed between oxygen and LSM. The different theoretic models possible and their associated kinetic laws are presented to serve as the basis for the kinetic modelling. Microstructural characterizations proved the adaptability of the screen-printing technique for making electrodes. The layers are stable in time and well reproducible. Their microstructure is homogenous and regular with a porosity of 0.6. Physico-chemical characterizations were carried out. Infra-red spectrometry analysis and thermo-programmed desorption have shown the existence of different kinds of oxygen-adsorbed species on LSM powder. A calorimetric study has revealed a change in the quantity of heat released during oxygen adsorption as a function of temperature. By XPS analysis on screen-printed layers, important strontium segregation was observed depending on pressure, temperature and polarisation conditions. From electrochemical characterizations made by impedance spectroscopy, three resistive contributions have been identified. Only the low frequency contribution, which is the only pressure sensitive contribution, was considered to correspond to an electrode phenomenon. Following a methodical study of the different modelling hypothesis, a mechanism for the cathodic reaction was obtained. The proposed model is complex. It is composed of three conductivity paths running in parallel (two surface paths and one bulk path). These paths involve two different oxygen species and their preponderance depends on pressure, temperature and polarisation conditions. A study of water vapour influence completes this work, to understand its impact on the cathode electrical performance. The benefits brought by water vapour are not linked to a direct catalytic effect, as it does not affect the apparent activation energy of the cathode's process. The experiments seem to indicate that the benefits are linked to the strontium segregation at the surface of grains. It seems water vapour helps maintain and regenerate the initial properties of the layer. (author)

  13. Characterization of cathode materials SrCoO3 and La0,2Sr0,8CoO3 for use in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC); Caracterizacao de materiais catodicos SrCoO3 e La0,2Sr0,8CoO3 para aplicacao em celulas a combustivel de oxido solido (SOFC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galvao, G.O.; Aquino, F.M; Silva, R.M.; Medeiros, I.D.M. de, E-mail: gabriela.galvao@cear.ufpb.br [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    Mixed oxide ceramics with chemical structure of ABO{sub 3} type are promising candidates for cathodes of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) for performing well on the electrical conductivity and thermal stability. Various methods of preparation have been studied and used for the synthesis of these materials. In this study, SrCoO{sub 3} and La{sub 0,2}Sr{sub 0,8}CoO{sub 3} perovskites were synthesized using gelatin as directing agent with the purpose of producing homogeneous and porous particles. The powders obtained at 350 ° C / 2 h were calcined at 600, 800 and 1000 ° C for 4 hours and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that gelatin is a good polymerizing agent for metal ions as the material showed characteristic peaks of perovskite, with good porosity and uniformity. Furthermore, the method of synthesis employed has advantages related to cost and toxicity, which are very low. (author)

  14. Chemical and Electrochemical Properties of La0.58Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-δ (LSCF) Thin Films upon Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pitscheider, Simon; Machala, Michael; Guan, Zixuan

    conditions. In particular, NAP-XPS studies of the surface chemistry evolution under operation, as well as the correlation between surface potential changes in relation to the applied overpotential are addressed, in an attempt to determine the real driving force for the oxygen reactions.For this purpose, thin......The Oxygen Evolution and Oxygen Reduction Reactions (OER/ORR), occurring at the oxygen electrode of Solid Oxide Cells (SOCs) in the two possible ways of operation, require substantial overpotentials, therefore lowering the operating efficiency of the cells. The reaction mechanisms occurring...

  15. Fabrication and electrochemical performance of nickel- and gadolinium-doped ceria-infiltrated La0·2Sr0·8TiO3 anodes for solid oxide fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Min-Jin; Shin, Jae-Hwa; Ji, Mi-Jung; Hwang, Hae-Jin

    2018-01-01

    In this work, nickel and gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC)-infiltrated lanthanum strontium titanate (LST) anodes are fabricated, and their electrode performances under a hydrogen atmosphere is investigated in terms of the Ni:GDC ratios and cell operating temperature. The Ni/GDC-infiltrated LST anode exhibits excellent electrode performance in comparison with the Ni- or GDC-infiltrated anodes, which is attributed to the synergistic effect of an extended triple-phase boundary length by GDC and good catalytic activity for hydrogen oxidation because of the Ni particles. The polarization resistances (Rp) of Ni/GDC-infiltrated LST are 0.07, 0.08, and 0.12 Ω cm2 at 800, 750, and 700 °C, respectively, which are approximately three orders of magnitude lower than that of the LST anode (68.5 Ω cm2 at 700 °C). The effect of Ni and GDC on the electrochemical performance of LST was also investigated by using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The anode polarization resistance (Rp) is confirmed to be dependent on the content and dispersion state (microstructure) of the Ni and GDC nanoparticles.

  16. Cross-plane Thermoelectric Transport in p-type La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/LaMnO3 Oxide Metal/Semiconductor Superlattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-07

    was analyzed to understand the degree of relaxation and strain in the superlattice layers (Fig. 5(b)). The degree of spread around the STO peak con...measurement at a magnetic field of 0.2 T of LSMO thin films grown at a higher oxygen pressure (210 mTorr) shows low magnetoresistance (6%) and a LMO thin-film...Y. Moritomo, T. Arima, A. Asamitsu, G. Kido, and Y. Tokura, “Insulator-metal transition and giant magnetoresistance in La1xSrxMnO3,” Phys. Rev. B 51

  17. High Performance Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Prepared by Infiltration of La0.6Sr0.4CoO32d into Gd-Doped Ceria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Alfred Junio; Søgaard, Martin; Knibbe, Ruth

    2011-01-01

    -tape followed by firing. LSC40 was introduced into the CGO10 porous backbone by multiple infiltrations of aqueous nitrate solutions followed by firing at 350C. A systematic study of the performance of the cathodes was performed by varying the CGO10 backbone firing temperature, the LSC40 firing temperature...

  18. Effect of electrode material on the oxidation of H2 at the metal-Sr0.995Ce0.95Y0.05O2.970

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kek, D.; Bonanos, N.; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2000-01-01

    and on temperature. For all systems studied, the anodic part of the polarisation curves displayed limiting current behaviour. For Pt at low anodic polarisation, an additional process determines the overall reaction rate. The apparent reaction order (q(app)) is found to be strongly dependent on electrode type......The effect of electrode material on the electrode kinetics of a metal-proton conductor interface has been investigated in a quasi point-contact configuration for four metals: Ni, Ag, Au and Pt. The current-voltage behaviour depends on the nature of the electrode, the hydrogen partial pressure......, suggesting that the reaction mechanism is decisively determined by the electrode, rather than by electrolyte surface. The electrocatalytic activity of the metal tested has been classified according to the limiting current density in a humidified atmosphere of N-2-1% H-2. The highest i(lim) has been detected...

  19. Defect chemistry and oxygen transport of (La0.6Sr0.4-xMx)(0.99)Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta, M = Ca (x=0.05, 0.1), Ba (x=0.1, 0.2), Sr Part I: Defect chemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalslet, Bjarke Thomas; Søgaard, Martin; Bouwmeester, Henry J.M.

    2009-01-01

    composition while keeping the average valence of the cations constant. The Ba2+ containing materials show the largest oxygen loss at elevated temperatures, while the purely Sr2+ doped material showed the smallest oxygen loss. This was reflected in the partial oxidation entropy of the materials. The measured...... oxygen loss was modelled with point defect chemistry models. Measurements at very low pO2 showed several phase transitions....

  20. Design Optimization and Characterization of Helicoidal Composites with Enhanced Impact Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    the in-plane stiffness in the thickness direction and therefore reduces the interlaminar shear stresses significantly. In addition, favorable thermal ...and ssK , the first pa that can be rea under e calculated stic modulu of the separat or shear str sing the Ben tely inactive ong the in- iven...Ch newly fabri elicoidal pl f the test, t id exhibits ain objectiv arried over igh speed t for the high performed oad -defection ead is mov the

  1. Bluetooth GPS logger

    OpenAIRE

    Vymětal, Jan

    2009-01-01

    Tato práce pojednává o návrhu autonomního zařízení s nízkou spotřebou, které provádí záznam dat z externí GPS prostřednictvím integrovaného Bluetooth modulu se sériovým přenosem. This thesis deals with design of autonomous low-consumption device which is logging dates from external GPS throught Bluetooth serial transfering module. D

  2. Tehnološki razvoj vrenja u hladnjaku s pomoću zamrznutih sirovina

    OpenAIRE

    Gialleli, Angelika-Ioanna; Ganatsios, Vassilios; Terpou, Antonia; Kanellaki, Maria; Bekatorou, Argyro; Koutinas, Athanasios A.; Dimitrellou, Dimitra

    2017-01-01

    U radu je prikazan razvoj novog tipa piva za tržiste, koje se dobiva vrenjem pri niskoj temperaturi u hladnjaku s pomoću imobiliziranog kvasca. Zamrznuta sladovina te stanice soja kvasca Saccharomyces cerevisiae AXAZ-1, koji je otporan na smrzavanje, imobilizirane su na cijevnom modulu i zasebno upotrijebljene za vrenje pri niskim temperaturama (2, 5 i 7 °C). Ispitan je pozitivan učinak cijevnog modula na vrenje pri niskim temperaturama, te je utvrđeno da smrznute imobilizirane stanice kvasca...

  3. An acidic heteropolysaccharide from Mesona chinensis: Rheological properties, gelling behavior and texture characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lihua; Shen, Mingyue; Liu, Suchen; Tang, Wei; Wang, Zhijun; Xie, Mingyong; Xie, Jianhua

    2018-02-01

    Polysaccharide from Mesona chinensis is becoming increasingly attractive focus because of its gelling property and biological activities. In this study, the rheological properties of an acidic heteropolysaccharide from Mesona chinensis (MCP) were investigated in dilute and semidilute solutions. Dynamic rheology was systematically conducted to investigate the effects of concentration, temperature, pH values, salts and freeze-thaw variations on the rheological properties of MCP. Results showed that the rheological properties of MCP exhibited pseudoplastic characteristic and "gel-like" behavior by the flow behavior detection. A closed hysteresis loop was formed when the MCP concentration reached 4%, and the Gel was generated when the MCP concentration reached 5%. The storage modulu (G') and loss modulu (G″) of MCP solution were increased with increasing oscillation frequency at concentration of 4% and 5%. The phase angel (tanδ) was less than 1, indicating MCP was a weak gel in linear viscoelastic region. The gel exhibited favourable textural properties when MCP at concentration 5%. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) verified MCP had a unique lotus leaf-like shape with some small irregular round-like rods surface morphology. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Geological and geochemical variations in Mid-Tertiary Ethiopian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mass spectrometry was carried out with TIMS system in static multi-collection mode. Normalizing factors to correct isotopic fractionation during spectrometer analysis are 86Sr/88Sr = 0.1194 for Sr and 146Nd/144Nd = 0.7219 for Nd. The isotopic composition of NIST SRM987 and. LaJolla standards are 87Sr/86Sr = 0.710190 ...

  5. Analýza příkladů technické mechaniky v SolidWorks Motion

    OpenAIRE

    Cikánek, Pavel

    2012-01-01

    Cílem práce bude vytvořit a simulovat příklady z oblasti kinematiky a dynamiky v CAD systému tak, aby mohly být použity, jako výukové modely. Příklady budou vytvořeny jako jednoduché, lehce přestavitelné 3D modely v CAD programu SolidWorks a analyzovány v modulu Motion. Hlavním úkolem bude porovnat výsledky ze SolidWorks Motion s tradičním řešením, případně s jiným CAD systémem. Na závěr budou zhodnoceny přednosti a nevýhody programu SolidWorks Motion. The main goal of this thesis is to cr...

  6. Využití Inventor Studia v modelování, vizualizaci a animaci

    OpenAIRE

    Kučera, Petr

    2010-01-01

    V bakalářské práci je stručně popsán softwarový program Autodesk Inventor s popisem možností modulu Inventor Studio a vytvoření jeho manuálu. Je zde nastíněno jeho použití a také postup tvorby jednoduchého modelu elektrického zařízení (stykače) a vytvoření jeho prezentace. Software program Autodesk Inventor is described in bachelor thesis. The aim is the description of the options of module Inventor Studio and its use at manual process and creating of a simple model of the electrical equip...

  7. Buzeni pocitace (WOL) s ATMega

    OpenAIRE

    Homola, Stanislav

    2013-01-01

    Tato práce podrobně popisuje realizaci zapnutí počítačů v síti pomocí funkce Wake on Lan, implementování www serveru do mikroprocesoru a měření teploty. K tomuto je využito mikroprocesoru ATmega 32, teplotního čidla DS18B20 a ethernetového modulu ENC28J60. V úvodní části jsou popsány jednotlivé komponenty a vysvětlena jejich činnost. Dále jsou zde popsány využívané packety protokol TCP/IP a princip www serveru. V poslední části je popsána realizace www serveru s funkcí Wake on Lan a zobrazová...

  8. Knihovna funkcí pro obsluhu periferií na výukovém kitu s MCU Freescale

    OpenAIRE

    Grunt, Pavel

    2012-01-01

    Práce se zabývá návrhem a implementací knihovny funkcí pro obsluhu periferií na výukovém kitu s mikrokontrolery Freescale. Představuje kit, vlastnosti jednotlivých periferních zařízení a způsoby komunikace s nimi. Dále se věnuje vytvoření řadiče dotykového displeje na přídavném modulu kitu a jeho použití v grafické knihovně Freescale eGUI. The thesis deals with designing and implementation of a library of service routines for peripherals on educational kit with Freescale microcontrollers. ...

  9. (Ce,Gd)O2−δ-based dual phase membranes for oxygen separation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Alfred Junio; Søgaard, Martin; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2014-01-01

    Composite membranes based on selected combinations of the ionic conductor Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) and electronic/mixed conductors (Ag–CuO, LaCoO3 (LC), La0.6Sr0.4CoO3−δ (LSC), La0.6Sr0.4FeO3−δ (LSF), (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ (LSCF), and La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.97V0.03O3−δ (LSCrV)) were prepared...

  10. Oxygen Sorption and Desorption Properties of Selected Lanthanum Manganites and Lanthanum Ferrite Manganites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jimmi; Skou, Eivind M.; Jacobsen, Torben

    2015-01-01

    Temperature‐programmed desorption (TPD) with a carrier gas was used to study the oxygen sorption and desorption properties of oxidation catalysts and solid‐oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathode materials (La0.85Sr0.15)0.95MnO3+δ (LSM) and La0.60Sr0.40Fe0.80Mn0.20O3‐δ (LSFM). The powders were characteriz...

  11. Memory resistive switching in CeO2-based film microstructures patterned by a focused ion beam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velichko, A.; Boriskov, P.; Grishin, A.

    2014-01-01

    Heteroepitaxial CeO2 (80 nm)/La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (500 nm) film structure has been pulsed laser deposited on a sapphire substrate. The Ag/CeO2 microjunctions patterned by a focused ion beam on a La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 film exhibit reproducible reversible switching between a high resistance state (OFF...

  12. Characterization of La1-xSrxMnO3±d (x = 0.15, d 0) and La1-xSrxCrO3±d (x = 0.2, d 0) Powders by X-ray Powder Diffraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf; Andersen, Mette M.; Bjerrum, Niels

    1996-01-01

    C, resulting in homogeneous single phased ceramic powders. X-ray diffraction diagrams were taken using copper Ka radiation with a Bragg-Brentano diffractometer. The obtained X-ray diagrams of the synthesised La0.85Sr0.15MnO3±d and La0.8Sr0.2CrO3±d (d 0) powders were compared to data in the literature which...

  13. Oxygen nonstoichiometry and transport properties of strontium substituted lanthanum cobaltite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Martin; Hendriksen, Peter Vang; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2006-01-01

    Oxygen nonstoichiometry, structure and transport properties of the two compositions (La-0.6 Sr-0.4)(0.99)CoO3-delta (LSC40) and La0.85Sr0.15CoO3-delta (LSC15) were measured. It was found that the oxygen nonstoichiometry as a function of the temperature and oxygen partial pressure could be describ...

  14. Catalytic surface promotion of highly active La0.85Sr0.15Cr0.8Ni0.2O3-δ anodes for La5.6WO11.4-δ based proton conducting fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solis, C.; Balaguer, M.; Bozza, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    La0.85Sr0.15CrO3-delta (LSC), La0.85Sr0.15Cr0.8Ni0.2O3-delta (LSCN) and LSCN infiltrated with Ni nanoparticles were tested as anodes for symmetrical cells based on La5.6WO11.4-delta (LWO) protonic electrolyte. These chromite-based electrode materials are compatible with LWO material, in contrast ...

  15. Stress analysis and fail-safe design of bilayered tubular supported ceramic membranes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kwok, Kawai; Frandsen, Henrik Lund; Søgaard, Martin

    2014-01-01

    . Stress distributions in two membrane systems have been analyzed and routes to minimize stress are proposed. For a Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δBa0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ membrane supported on a porous substrate of the same material under pressure-vacuum operation, the optimal configuration in terms...

  16. Synthesis of novel perovskite crystal structure phase of strontium doped rare earth manganites using sol gel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Latif, I. A.; Ismail, Adel A.; Bouzid, Houcine; Al-Hajry, A.

    2015-11-01

    In the present work, polycrystalline perovskites of R0.6Sr0.4MnO3 nanocomposites (R=La, Nd, or Sm) were synthesized using the sol-gel method in the presence of citric acid and polyethylene glycol as chelating and structure directing agents respectively. The synthesized gel was calcined at 800 °C for 5 h. The XRD revealed that the obtained nanocrystalline R0.6Sr0.4MnO3 is monoclinic crystal structure of space group (I2/a). TEM images showed that the prepared perovskites are homogeneous and uniform with particle sizes in a range 20-40 nm and the HR-TEM images and lattice fringes displayed the monoclinic structure. IV measurements showed that Nd0.6Sr0.4MnO3 has semiconducting properties at room temperature. With applying low magnetic field, a transition from semiconductor behavior to Ohmic resistivity was observed. The static resistance of Nd0.6Sr0.4MnO3 was calculated to be 2.985 TΩ for semiconductor phase and the resistance increased 1000 times that gives rise to negative magnetoresistance (MR). The value of MR of Nd0.6Sr0.4MnO3 equals to 99.84%, which leads to the use of these materials in fabrication of magnetic devices in the industrial scale.

  17. Makra VBS pro TIA portal V12 použitelná pro panely COMFORT resp. RT

    OpenAIRE

    Benešl, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    Cílem práce je vytvořit VBS makra pro práci s databázemi, kterými bude možné spravo- vat telefonní seznam a SMS zprávy a pomocí GSM modulu zprávy přijímat a odesílat. Vytvořit skripty pro operace s alarmy - nastavení a automatické odesílání. Napsat VBS makra pro práci s datovými CSV soubory a také vytvořit způsob ovládání čtečky čárových kódů. Vytvořit testovací aplikaci s vytvořenými makry a ty otestovat v praxi. The aim is to create a VBS macros for working with databases, which will be ...

  18. Termoplastické kompozity pro automobilové aplikace

    OpenAIRE

    Zbončák, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá prípravou teromplastických kompzoitov s PMMA a PC matricou s potenciálnym využitím v automobilovom priemysle. Ako výstuž boli použité krátke sklenené, uhlíkové a PBO (poly(p-fenylén benzobisoxazol)) vlákna známe pod obchodným názvom Zylon®. Práve do PBO vlákien boli vkladané veľké nádeje vzhľadom na ich ohromujúce mechanické vlastnosti. Vplyv objemového zlomku vlákien na modulu pružnosti, pevnosť a ťažnosť kompozitov bol skúmaný. Experimentálne zistený modul pružnos...

  19. Measurement of the reverberation time

    OpenAIRE

    Hořák, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce pojednává o problematice měření doby dozvuku uzavřených prostorů. V práci jsou popsány dvě metody vyhodnocení — metoda integrované impulsní odezvy a metoda přerušovaného šumu. Data byla nahrána pomocí zvukového modulu Photon+ a softwaru RT Pro 7.1. Praktickou část práce tvoří mimo jiné realizace vyhodnocovacího programu v prostředí Matlab. Hlavním výstupem práce je výpočet dozvukových křivek a doby dozvuku. Na základě zjištěných hodnot jsou metody porovnány. This bach...

  20. Rozšiřující modul pro MS Office

    OpenAIRE

    Rusek, David

    2013-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá problematikou přidání rozšiřujícího modulu do textového procesoru MS Word, tabulkového kalkulátoru MS Excel a nástroje pro tvorbu prezentací MS PowerPoint z kancelářské sady programů MS Office. Modul bude umožňovat komunikaci, synchronizaci a správu dokumentů se vzdáleným privátním úložištěm, které bude podporovat správu verzí. To všechno by mělo fungovat napříč verzemi sady MS Office 2003 (11), 2007 (12) a 2010 (14), případně i 2013 (15). Implementace je realizována pomo...

  1. Projekt bibliografie právních a fiskálních tištěných zdrojů s vazbou na předpisy

    OpenAIRE

    Oremus, Tomáš

    2006-01-01

    Práce je projektovou dokumentací k vývoji nového modulu systému právních informací ASPI. Modul Bibliografie je v systému ASPI zcela nový podsystém svého druhu. Zadání projektu vzniklo na základě analýzy vybraných segmentů trhu a následným požadavkem na doplnění komplexnosti systému. Uživatel si žádá podporu vlastní knihovny nebo archivu odborných periodik při rešerších, stejně jako referenční nástroj při hledání potřebných zdrojů pro svou práci. Byla vyvinuta bibliografie knih a článků z práv...

  2. Modul digitálního signálového procesoru pro ruční RFID čtečku

    OpenAIRE

    Benetka, Miroslav

    2008-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se zabývá návrhem a realizací modulu digitálního signálového procesoru pro ruční RFID čtečku pracující v UHF pásmu. Je zde zvoleno řešení, které využívá speciální integrovaný obvod EM4298 pro zpracování RFID signálů. Modul je řízen mikrokontrolérem ATmega32L, který přes sběrnici USB komunikuje s PC. Pomocí obslužného programu je prováděno veškeré nastavování obvodu EM4298 a také jsou zde zpracovávána přijatá identifikační data získaná z odpovídačů. Zdrojové kódy mikrokont...

  3. Zvukový modul pro vývojový kit

    OpenAIRE

    Priškin, Jiří

    2008-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá návrhem a zprovozněním zvukového modulu pro vývojový kit Atmel ATSTK1000. Úvodem je seznámení se s vlastnostmi, technickým a programovým vybavením vývojového kitu sloužícího k vývoji embedded zařízení založených na AT32AP7000. Mikrořadič AP7000 je jednočipový systém s mikroprocesorovým jádrem AVR32, obsahující další podpůrné obvody, řadiče a rozhraní kterými samotné jádro nedisponuje. Ve vývojovém kitu ovšem není žádný analogově-číslicový převodník pro zpracování zvukovéh...

  4. OCR cíleně znehodnocených textů

    OpenAIRE

    Peluch, Tibor

    2009-01-01

    Diplomová práce pojednává o programování grafického uživatelského rozhraní pro operační systém Windows. V krátkosti jsou shrnuty hlavní rysy aplikačního systému Microsoft Foundation Class. V druhá část se zabývá realizací konkrétní aplikace s grafickým uživatelským rozhraním, která umožňuje pomocí tvorby schématu zpracovávat data. Třetí část pojednává o možnostech implementace bloků do dynamických knihoven a je nastíněna možnost využití zpracování dat tohoto programu jako externího modulu a m...

  5. Effect of low temperature in-situ sintering on the impedance and the performance of intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jimmi; Hjalmarsson, Per; Hansen, Martin Hangaard

    2014-01-01

    frequency slope of the characteristic Gerischer impedance response of porous mixed ionic and electronically conducting (MIEC) cathodes. In contrast to LSCF, the LSC-based cathodes showed excellent sintering capabilities, electronic conductivity and performance. Scanning electron microscopy investigations......The effect of in-situ sintering temperature and time on the electronic conductivity, impedance and performance of IT-SOFC cathodes were studied. The studied cathodes were for comparison (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3 (LSC), (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3:Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (LSC:CGO), La0.58Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF) and La...

  6. Methodologies For Characterising Mixed Conducting Oxides For Oxygen Membrane And SOFC Cathode Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Peter Vang; Søgaard, Martin; Plonczak, Pawel

    2012-01-01

    Two methods for detailed characterization of the process of oxygen exchange between the gas phase and a mixed conducting solid oxide are discussed. First, the use of solid electrolyte probes for measuring the change in oxygen activity over the surface of a mixed conductor is presented...... and advantages of the technique discussed. Secondly, the use of thin film model electrodes is treated. Studies of thin films applied by PLD on both sides of a YSZ single crystal are presented for three different film materials; La0.85Sr0.15MnO3, La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3 and La0.6Sr0.4CoO3. Variations in electrode...

  7. Defect structure and ionic conductivity of as-grown R 1- y Sr y F3- y ( R = Ce, Pr, or Nd) crystals with high SrF2 content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khrykina, O. N.; Sorokin, N. I.; Verin, I. A.; Bolotina, N. B.; Sobolev, B. P.

    2017-07-01

    The structure of defect nonstoichiometric phases of Ce0.88Sr0.12F2.88, Pr0.85Sr0.15F2.85, and Nd0.85Sr0.15F2.85 single crystals has been investigated by X-ray diffraction at room temperature. Crystals R 1-ySryF3-y ( R = Ce, Pr, or Nd) belong to the tysonite structural type (LaF3), which has two forms (α and β). The morphotropic transition from the trigonal β form of the crystals to the hexagonal α form is confirmed, which was previously found for the first time when analyzing the nonstoichiometric phase of La1-ySryF3-y with a SrF2 content above 10 mol % ( y ≥ 0.1). Temperature dependences of fluorine-ion conductivity are obtained. It is established that the conductivity of the α form of Ce0.88Sr0.12F2.88 and R0.85Sr0.15F2.85 crystals ( R = Pr or Nd) is lower than that for the β form of R0.95Sr0.05F2.95 ( R = La-Nd) by 1-2 orders of magnitude. The sublattice of fluorine atoms in the α-form crystals is characterized by an elevated (in comparison with the β form) content of vacancies and more uniform structural and dynamic properties, which leads to a decrease in the mean diffusion mobility of fluorine ions and an increase in the ion-transport activation enthalpy.

  8. Spin-lattice coupling, Jahn-Teller effect and the influence of the measurement rate in La0.7Ca0.3−xSrxMnO3 manganites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Burrola-Gándara

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a study of how the magnetic and temperature variables, as well as the measurement rate, affect magnetic and structural phase transitions for La0.7Ca0.3−xSrxMnO3 (x=0.15, 0.08, 0.07 and 0.06 manganites. A single phase rhombohedral crystal structure for Sr0.15 compound and a single phase orthorhombic crystal structure for Sr0.08, Sr0.07, and Sr0.06 compounds were identified by X ray diffraction. The Curie temperature adjustment to room temperature was reached for Sr0.07 sample, in which a Jahn-Teller transition was observed. This Jahn-Teller transition showed a susceptible response to 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 K/min measurement rates, and was revealed without measurement sequence at 234, 257, 196, 233, 245 and 238 K respectively in thermomagnetic curves (10mT. Also, Curie temperature increases sequentially around 2 K for the same measurement rates. To avoid magnetic field effect, a differential scanning calorimetry for Sr0.07 sample was obtained in the same temperature region, for 2, 3, 5, 7 K/min showing the Jahn-Teller phase transition at 225 K and a vibrational like behavior in the heat flux below 225 K, for all the temperature rates. The latter, is related to the static to dynamic Jahn-Teller transition. Furthermore, Curie temperature appears around 284 K.

  9. Influence of BaO in perovskite electrodes for the electrochemical reduction of NOx

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Vibe Louise Ernlund; Johnsen, M.M.; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2007-01-01

    Using the point electrode method, the effect of BaO on electrochemical reduction of NO (x) was investigated using the perovskites La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 (LSM15) and La0.85Sr0.15CoO3 (LSCo15) as electrode materials. The experiments were carried out in the temperature range 400-600 degrees C in 1% NO and...... favored oxygen reduction compared to reduction of nitric oxide. The LSCO15 electrode containing BaO reacted to form a K2NiF4-structure and was not tested further....

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered compound Ca2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The brownmillerite-type layered compound Ca2.375La0.125Sr0.5GaMn2O8 has ... La3+ is doped at the Ca2+ site in the parent compound Ca2.5Sr0.5GaMn2O8. In .... 0.248(14). 1.03(4). 0.99(9) spins. Along the b-axis, the Mn spin is found to be ferromagnetically coupled to the nearest-neighbour Mn spin in the other MnO6 ...

  11. crystal and magnetic structure of substituted lanthanum cobaltites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonntag, R.; Neov, S.; Kozhukharov, V.; Neov, D.; ten Elshof, Johan E.

    1999-01-01

    The crystal and magnetic structures of the lanthanum cobaltites La0.6Sr0.4CoO3, La0.6Sr0.4Co0.9Fe0.1O3 and La0.6Ba0.4Co0.9Fe0.1O3 have been studied by neutron powder diffraction at temperatures of 2, 300 and 900 K. All compounds undergo a phase transition from cubic to rhombohedral structure. Below

  12. Lanthanoid-free perovskite oxide catalyst for dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene working with redox mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Ryo; Ikushima, Maiko; Mukawa, Kei; Sumomozawa, Fumitaka; Ogo, Shuhei; Sekine, Yasushi

    2013-01-01

    For the development of highly active and robust catalysts for dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBDH) to produce styrene; an important monomer for polystyrene production, perovskite-type oxides were applied to the reaction. Controlling the mobility of lattice oxygen by changing the structure of Ba1 − xSrxFeyMn1 − yO3 − δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0.2 ≤ y ≤ 0.8), perovskite catalyst showed higher activity and stability on EBDH. The optimized Ba/Sr and Fe/Mn molar ratios were 0.4/0.6 and 0.6/0.4, respectively. Comparison of the dehydrogenation activity of Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ catalyst with that of an industrial potassium promoted iron (Fe–K) catalyst revealed that the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ catalyst showed higher initial activity than the industrial Fe–K oxide catalyst. Additionally, the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ catalyst showed high activity and stability under severe conditions, even at temperatures as low as 783 K, or at the low steam/EB ratio of 2, while, the Fe–K catalyst showed low activity in such conditions. Comparing reduction profiles of the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ and the Fe–K catalysts in a H2O/H2 atmosphere, reduction was suppressed by the presence of H2O over the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ catalyst while the Fe–K catalyst was reduced. In other words, Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ catalyst had higher potential for activating the steam than the Fe–K catalyst. The lattice oxygen in perovskite-structure was consumed by H2, subsequently the consumed lattice oxygen was regenerated by H2O. So the catalytic performance of Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ was superior to that of Fe–K catalyst thanks to the high redox property of the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 − δ perovskite oxide. PMID:24790949

  13. Oxygen transport in La1-xSrxFe1-yMnyO3 perovskites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, L.; Andersen, I.G.K.; Skou, E.M.

    2002-01-01

    (-6) to 1.4 x 10(-4) cm(2) s(-1) for composition (11) in the temperature range 750-1000 degreesC. The activation energy for the oxygen chemical diffusion was found to be 66 U mol(-1) for La0.5Sr0.5Fe0.7Mn0.3O3-delta and 136 U mol(-1) for La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Mn0.2O3-delta. The oxygen surface exchange constants...

  14. Interface-dependent resistance switching in Nd0⋅7 MnO3 ceramics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    EPIR) in Nd0⋅7Sr0⋅3MnO3 ceramics was studied. The results reveal that the EPIR effect originates from the interface between the electrodes and the bulk, and the EPIR ratio as well as the high and low resistance states can be strongly influ-.

  15. Percolation based enhancement in effective thermal conductivity of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    7Ba0·15Sr0·15MnO3 (LBSMO) filler of nanometric grain size in HDPE matrix is investigated. Volume fraction of LBSMO fillers was varied between. 0 and 0·30. SEM photographs of the composites show the presence of clusters and percolative ...

  16. Camber Evolution and Stress Development of Porous Ceramic Bilayers During Co-Firing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ni, De Wei; Esposito, Vincenzo; Schmidt, Cristine Grings

    2013-01-01

    Camber evolution and stress development during co-firing of asymmetric bilayer laminates, consisting of porous Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 gadolinium-doped cerium oxide (CGO) and La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 lanthanum strontium manganate (LSM)-CGO were investigated. Individual layer shrinkage was measured by optical dil...

  17. Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Films Prepared by Magnetic Deposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Menon, Mohan; Larsen, Casper; Andersen, Kjeld Bøhm

    2009-01-01

    Deposition of La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 (LSM) films from suspensions using a magnetic field was found to be a cheap and quick technique. Ninety weight percent of the particles present in the suspensions were deposited within the first minute of the deposition, and the thickness of the film varied linearly...

  18. Oxygen incorporation in porous thin films of strontium doped lanthanum ferrite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Martin; Bieberle-Hütter, A.; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2011-01-01

    Electrical conductivity relaxation measurements were carried out on thin films of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99 FeO3 − δ deposited on MgO (100) substrates by pulsed laser deposition in order to determine the surface exchange coefficient, k Ex, of the oxygen incorporation process in the temperature range 550–7...

  19. Interface-induced spontaneous positive and conventional negative exchange bias effects in bilayer La^sub 0.7^Sr^sub 0.3^MnO3/Eu^sub 0.45^Sr^sub 0.55^MnO3 heterostructures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    J Krishna Murthy; P S Anil Kumar

    2017-01-01

    (ProQuest: ... denotes formulae and/or non-USASCII text omitted; see image) We report zero-field-cooled spontaneous-positive and field-cooled conventional-negative exchange bias effects in epitaxial bilayer composed of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO...

  20. Ultrathin Limit of Exchange Bias Coupling at Oxide Multiferroic/Ferromagnetic Interfaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huijben, Mark; Yu, P.; Martin, L.W.; Molegraaf, Hajo; Chu, Y.H.; Holcomb, M.B.; Balke, N.; Rijnders, Augustinus J.H.M.; Ramesh, R.

    2013-01-01

    Exchange bias coupling at the multiferroic- ferromagnetic interface in BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 heterostructures exhibits a critical thickness for ultrathin BiFeO3 layers of 5 unit cells (2 nm). Linear dichroism measurements demonstrate the dependence on the BiFeO3 layer thickness with a strong

  1. LSM Microelectrodes: Kinetics and Surface Composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Karin Vels; Norrman, Kion; Jacobsen, Torben

    2015-01-01

    Lanthanum strontium manganite microelectrodes with the nominal composition of (La0.75Sr0.25)0.95MnO3 and a thickness of ca 500 nm was electrochemically characterized in situ at temperatures from 660 to 850◦C using a controlled atmosphere high temperature scanning probe microscope. Impedance...

  2. Epitaxial diodes of a half-metallic ferromagnet on an oxide semiconductor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Postma, F.M.; Ramaneti, R.; Banerjee, T.; Gokcan, H.; Haq, E.; Blank, D.H.A.; Jansen, R.; Lodder, J.C.

    2004-01-01

    We report on the fabrication and electrical characterization of epitaxial Schottky diodes of a half-metallic ferromagnet on an oxide semiconductor. La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 thin films are grown by pulsed laser deposition on niobium-doped SrTiO3 semiconductor substrates with two doping concentrations and a

  3. Gas sensing properties of Cu and Cr activated BST thick films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    H2S gas sensing properties of BST ((Ba0.67Sr0.33)TiO3) thick films are reported here for the first time. BST ceramic powder was prepared by mechanochemical ... of activators on H2S gas sensing were discussed. The sensitivity, selectivity, stability, response and recovery time of the sensor were measured and presented.

  4. Activity of strontium in Al-Sr liquid dilute solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korc, B. (Warsaw Univ. of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science (Poland)); Panek, Z.; Fitzner, K. (Polish Academy of Sciences, Inst. of Metals Research, Cracow (Poland))

    1992-09-01

    The emf method employing concentration cells with liquid electrolyte and with liquid electrodes was used for the determination of strontium activity in liquid dilute Sr-Al solutions. Experiments were carried out on alloys of three different strontium mole fractions: X{sub Sr} = 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05, in the temperature range 973 to 1123 K. (orig.).

  5. First-Principle Predictions of Electronic Properties and Half-Metallic Ferromagnetism in Vanadium-Doped Rock-Salt SrO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berber, Mohamed; Doumi, Bendouma; Mokaddem, Allel; Mogulkoc, Yesim; Sayede, Adlane; Tadjer, Abdelkader

    2018-01-01

    We have used first-principle methods of density functional theory within the full potential linearized augmented plane wave scheme to investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of cubic rock-salt, SrO, doped with vanadium (V) impurity as Sr1- x V x O at various concentrations, x = 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75. We have found that the ferromagnetic state arrangement of Sr1- x V x O is more stable compared to the anti-ferromagnetic state configuration. The electronic structures have a half-metallic (HM) ferromagnetic (F) behavior for Sr0.75V0.25O and Sr0.5V0.5O. This feature results from the metallic and semiconducting natures of majority-spin and minority-spin bands, respectively. The HMF gap decreases with the increasing concentration of vanadium atoms due to the broadening of 3 d (V) levels in the gap, and hence the Sr0.25V0.75O becomes metallic ferromagnetic. The Sr0.75V0.25O revealed a large HM gap with spin polarization of 100%. The Sr1- x V x O compound at low concentrations seems a better candidate to explore the half-metallicity for practical spintronics applications.

  6. High performance anodes with tailored catalytic properties for La5.6WO11.4-δ based proton conducting fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balaguer, M.; Solis, C.; Bozza, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    A new generation of anodes for PC-SOFCs based on catalytically promoted La0.75Ce0.1Sr0.15CrO3−δ (LSCCe) is presented. LSCCe is selected as the electrode backbone structure, due to its superior total conductivity over that of LSC. The infiltration of catalytically highly active nickel nanoparticles...

  7. Pulsed laser ablation of LaSrCoO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Span, E.A.F.; Roesthuis, Frank J.G.; Blank, David H.A.; Rogalla, Horst

    1999-01-01

    The ablation process of La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 by a spatial uniform 248 nm excimer laser beam has been characterized. Ablation rates, changes in the target surface morphology and composition have been studied as a function of the laser fluence. The dependence of the ablation rate on the laser fluence has

  8. Organic light emitting diodes with spin polarized electrodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arisi, E.; Bergenti, I.; Dediu, V.; Loi, M.A.; Muccini, M.; Murgia, M.; Ruani, G.; Taliani, C.; Zamboni, R.

    2003-01-01

    Electrical and optical properties of Alq3 based organic light emitting diodes with normal and spin polarized electrodes are presented. Epitaxial semitransparent highly spin polarized La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 were used as hole injector, substituting the traditional indium tin oxide electrode. A comparison of

  9. Polarization Induced Changes in LSM Thin Film Electrode Composition Observed by In Operando Raman Spectroscopy and TOF-SIMS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIntyre, Melissa D.; Traulsen, Marie Lund; Norrman, Kion

    2015-01-01

    Polarization induced changes in LSM electrode composition were investigated by utilizing in operando Raman spectroscopy and post mortem TOF-SIMS depth profiling. Experiments were conducted on cells with 160 nm thick (La0.85Sr0.15)0.9MnO3±δ thin film electrodes in 10% O2 at 700 °C under various...

  10. Studies on gas sensing performance of pure and modified barium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Barium strontium titanate ((Ba0.87Sr0.13)TiO3–BST) ceramic powder was prepared by mechanochemical process. The thick films of different thicknesses of BST were prepared by screen-printing technique and gas-sensing performance of these films was tested for various gases. The films showed highest response and ...

  11. Microstructural and microchemical characterization of the interface between La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 and Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, C.; Bagger, C.; Bilde-Sørensen, Jørgen

    1994-01-01

    . The interfaces of interest were prepared as a diffusion couple and by sintered powder mixtures of La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 and Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2. The structures at the interfaces were examined by transmission electron microscopy. Chemical analyses were made by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. A Zr, La...

  12. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The brownmillerite-type layered compound Ca2.375La0.125Sr0.5GaMn2O8 has been synthesized. The crystal and magnetic structures have been refined by the Rietveld analysis of the neutron powder diffraction patterns at 300 and 20 K. This compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic symmetry under the space group ...

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sensitized solar cell performance .... Effects of LiF on microwave dielectric properties of 0.25Ca0.8Sr0.2TiO3–0.75Li0.5Nd0.5TiO3 ceramics .... Preparation and thermal stability of nickel nanowires via self-assembly process under magnetic field.

  14. Magnetic-field-induced spin excitations and renormalized spin gap of the underdoped La1895Sr0105CuO4 superconductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, J.; Schnyder, A.P.; Gilardi, R.

    2007-01-01

    High-resolution neutron inelastic scattering experiments in applied magnetic fields have been performed on La1.895Sr0.105CuO4 (LSCO). In zero field, the temperature dependence of the low-energy peak intensity at the incommensurate momentum transfer Q(IC)=(0.5,0.5 +/-delta,0),(0.5 +/-delta,0.5,0) ...

  15. Physiological stress response of Macrobrachium vollenhoevenii ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    0.97) while equitoxic mixtures (4:3) conformed to antagonism (S.R =0.94, 0.71, RTU =0.84) model. Furthermore, the isobologram model showed that both binary mixtures conformed to sub-additive action. Symptoms of toxicosis observed in the test organisms include loss of equilibrium, agitated swimming, spiral movement, ...

  16. First-Principle Predictions of Electronic Properties and Half-Metallic Ferromagnetism in Vanadium-Doped Rock-Salt SrO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berber, Mohamed; Doumi, Bendouma; Mokaddem, Allel; Mogulkoc, Yesim; Sayede, Adlane; Tadjer, Abdelkader

    2017-09-01

    We have used first-principle methods of density functional theory within the full potential linearized augmented plane wave scheme to investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of cubic rock-salt, SrO, doped with vanadium (V) impurity as Sr1-x V x O at various concentrations, x = 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75. We have found that the ferromagnetic state arrangement of Sr1-x V x O is more stable compared to the anti-ferromagnetic state configuration. The electronic structures have a half-metallic (HM) ferromagnetic (F) behavior for Sr0.75V0.25O and Sr0.5V0.5O. This feature results from the metallic and semiconducting natures of majority-spin and minority-spin bands, respectively. The HMF gap decreases with the increasing concentration of vanadium atoms due to the broadening of 3d (V) levels in the gap, and hence the Sr0.25V0.75O becomes metallic ferromagnetic. The Sr0.75V0.25O revealed a large HM gap with spin polarization of 100%. The Sr1-x V x O compound at low concentrations seems a better candidate to explore the half-metallicity for practical spintronics applications.

  17. La0.99Co0.4Ni0.6O3−δ–Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.95 as composite cathode for solid oxide fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalmarsson, Per; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2011-01-01

    model consisting of a high frequency ZRQ circuit and a medium frequency Gerischer impedance, ZG. The resistance of ZG was found to decrease with approximately a factor of two as a consequence of infiltration of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3 into the porous LCN60–CGO structure. RP of both infiltrated and non...

  18. Impregnation of LSM Based Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højberg, Jonathan; Søgaard, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Composites cathodes consisting of strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) and yttria stabilized zirconia have been impregnated with the nitrates corresponding to the nominal compositions: La0.75Sr0.25Mn1.05O3 +/-delta (LSM25), Ce0.8Sm0.2O2 (SDC) and a combination of both (dual). The latter...

  19. Electrochemical performance and degradation of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3 − δ as porous SOFC-cathode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalmarsson, Per; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg; Søgaard, Martin

    2008-01-01

    This paper shows that measured impedance in porous (La0.6Sr0.4)(0.99)CoO3-delta cathodes can be dependent on both gas diffusion and electrode kinetics at temperatures above 700 degrees C or below ambient pO(2)S if electrode kinetics are fast. The reaction mechanism is discussed on the basis...

  20. Preparation of gas-tight strontium-doped lanthanum cobaltate by an aqueous sol-gel process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, C.H.; Kruidhof, H.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Burggraaf, Anthonie; Burggraaf, A.J.

    1996-01-01

    Gas-tight dense membranes of highly Sr-doped LaCoO3 (such as the composition La0.3Sr0.7CoO3 chosen in this study) are difficult to prepare using usual synthesis processes. This report presents an aqueous sol-gel route using metal acetates as precursors to achieve this goal. Hydrogen peroxide and

  1. Simple explanation for the reentrant magnetic phase transition in

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The reentrant magnetic phase transition in Pr0.5Sr0.41Ca0.09MnO3 perovskite is explained using the Ising spin model on the square lattice with mixed ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. It is shown using numerical calculations that this effect is strongly affected by the external magnetic field and ...

  2. Finite element modeling of camber evolution during sintering of bi-layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tadesse Molla, Tesfaye; Ni, De Wei; Bulatova, Regina

    2014-01-01

    developments during sintering of bilayers composed of La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 tapes. Free shrinkage kinetics of both tapes were used to estimate the parameters necessary for the finite element models. Systematic investigations of the factors affecting the kinetics of distortions such as gravity...

  3. Preparation of p-type semiconductor perovskite La1-xSrxCoO3 films and their p-n heterostructure devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takashima, Hiroshi; Kikuchi, Naoto; Kawanaka, Hirofumi; Tonooka, Kazuhiko; Aiura, Yoshihiro

    2017-11-01

    Semiconductor La0.67Sr0.33CoO3 thin films has been investigated as function of oxygen atmosphere during film growth in pulsed laser deposition. While amount of oxygen greatly depends on an oxygen atmosphere during film growth, in condition of oxygen atmosphere from 4 Pa to 100 Pa, the carrier in La0.67Sr0.33CoO3 thin films were found to be positive, exhibiting p-type conduction. Furthermore, we prepared (p)-La0.67Sr0.33CoO3/(i)-CeO2/(n)-InGaZnOx heterostructure devices and investigated electrical properties. These results showed rectifying behavior was clearly observed in heterostructure at room temperature. The sharp increase of current with voltage, when voltage exceeds diffusion potential, indicates the conductive resistance was small. p-type semiconductor La0.67Sr0.33CoO3 thin films and their p-n heterostructure devices with rectifying behavior may aid in the development of various semiconductor devices such as three terminal transistors, light emitted diode (LED) and solar cell.

  4. Composite Sr- and V-doped LaCrO3/YSZ sensor electrode operating at low oxygen levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Anders; Jacobsen, Torben; Hansen, Karin Vels

    2012-01-01

    A porous composite electrode of La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.97V0.03O3 -delta (LSCV) and yttria-stabilised zirconia (YSZ) was evaluated as a possible candidate for high-temperature potentiometric oxygen sensor measuring electrodes. The oxygen processes at the electrode were characterised by performing electroch...

  5. Effets Seebeck et Nernst dans les cuprates: Etude de la reconstruction de la surface de Fermi sous champ magnetique intense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laliberte, Francis

    2010-06-01

    Ce memoire presente des mesures de transport thermoelectrique, les effets Seebeck et Nernst, dans une serie d'echantillons de supraconducteurs a haute temperature critique. Des resultats obtenus recemment au Laboratoire National des Champs Magnetiques Intenses a Grenoble sur La1.7Eu0.2Sr0.1 CuO4, La1.675Eu0.2Sr0.125CuO 4, La1.64Eu0.2Sr0.16CuO4, La1.74Eu0.1Sr0.16CuO4 et La 1.4Nd0.4Sr0.2CuO4 sont analyses. Une attention particuliere est accordee aux equations de la theorie semi-classique du transport et leur validite est verifiee. La procedure experimentale et les materiaux utilises pour concevoir les montages de mesures sont expliques en detail. Enfin, un chapitre est dedie a l'explication et l'interpretation des resultats de transport thermoelectrique sur YBa2Cu3O6+delta publies au cours de l'hiver 2010 dans les revues Nature et Physical Review Letters. Les donnees d'effet Seebeck dans les echantillons de La 1.8-x,Eu0.2SrxCuO 4, ou un changement de signe est observe, permettent de conclure a la presence d'une poche d'electrons dans la surface de Fermi qui domine le transport a basse temperature dans la region sous-dopee du diagramme de phase. Cette conclusion est similaire a celle obtenue par des mesures d'effet Hall dans YBa 2Cu3O6+delta et elle cadre bien dans un scenario de reconstruction de la surface de Fermi. Les donnees d'effet Nernst recueillies indiquent que la contribution des fluctuations supraconductrices est limitee a un modeste intervalle de temperature au-dessus de la temperature critique.

  6. An insight into the effects of B-site transition metals on the activity, activation effect and stability of perovskite oxygen electrodes for solid oxide electrolysis cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Jiaxin; Yang, Shengbing; Zhong, Shaohua; Wang, Jian-Qiang; Fan, Chou; Chen, Xinbing; Liu, Yihui

    2017-09-01

    Here, effects of B-site transition metals (TMs) in the (La0.6Sr0.4)XO3-δ (X = Mn, Fe, Co) perovskite structure on the activity and stability of the oxygen electrodes during high temperature electrolysis are discussed to provide a deep understanding of the phenomena observed for different oxygen electrodes under anodic polarizations. Performance and stability of the electrodes vary significantly at 800 °C as the TMs changed from Mn to Fe and Co, which is attributed to the different ionic conductivities and surface chemistry of the materials that have a strong dependence on the valence state and electronic structure of TMs. Under an anodic current passage of 200 mA cm-2 at 800 °C, electrode polarization resistance (RE) and overpotential (η) of the (La0.6Sr0.4)MnO3-δ (LSM) electrode decrease significantly by 1.75 Ω cm2 and 101 mV during the 1200 min test, compared with the constant values of RE and η for the (La0.6Sr0.4)FeO3-δ (LSF) and (La0.6Sr0.4)CoO3-δ (LSC) electrodes, an indication of the influence of B-site TMs on the electrode performance and stability. Most serious degradation is observed at the (La0.6Sr0.4)MnO3-δ electrode due to the electrode detachment arising from the accelerated SrO surface segregation and related disintegration of LSM particles near the electrode/electrolyte interface.

  7. Evaluation of Karst Soil Erosion and Nutrient Loss Based on RUSLE Model in Guizhou Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Cheng; Li, Yangbing; Bai, Xiaoyong; Luo, Guangjie

    2018-01-01

    Based on GIS technology and RUSLE model, the spatial variation characteristics of soil erosion were analyzed in karst areas, and the relationship between soil erosion and soil nutrient loss was discussed. The results showed that the soil differences in spatial variation between nutrient losses. The results illustrate the total soil erosion in is 10316.31 × 104t • a-1, accounting for 84.95% of the total land area in Guizhou Province. The spatial distribution of soil erosion showing the characteristics of the southeast to the northwest strip. The annual average soil erosion modulu is 691.94 t • km-2 • a-1, of which karst is 720.28t • km-2 • a-1 and non-karst is 689.53 t • km-2 • a-1. The total nutrient losses such as soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and total potassium (TK) were 596.72 × 104t • a-1 due to soil erosion, and SOC, TN and TP and TK were 38.13, 1.61, 0.41 and 14.70t • km-2 • a-1, respectively. The average amount of loss and total loss are the largest in non-karst, and four kinds of nutrient is the smallest in karst gorge. The spatial variation of soil erosion in the study area is the process of increasing the erosion area with the increase of the erosion rate, and the difference of the spatial distribution of soil erosion determines the spatial distribution of soil nutrient loss.

  8. Determination of the ionic transport numbers of lanthanum gallate materials by impedance spectroscopy and modified EMF method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peña-Martínez, J.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A combination of impedance spectroscopy and a modified electromotive force method (emf were used to evaluate the ionic transport numbers and the overall conductivity of several doped lanthanum gallate materials, i.e. La0.9Sr0.1Ga1-xMgxO3-δ (x=0.05-0.30, La0.9A0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-δ (A=Sr, Ba and Ca and La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2-yCoyO3-δ (y=0.015 and 0.045. La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.85 (LSGM sample showed the maximum ionic transport number in the temperature range 900-1173 K, around 0.99 in both O2/air and H2/air gradients.

    La conductividad total y los números de transporte iónico de las composiciones, basadas en el galato de lantano, La0,9Sr0,1Ga1-xMgxO3-δ (x=0,05-0,30, La0,9A0,1Ga0,8Mg0,2O3-δ (A=Sr, Ba, Ca y La0,9Sr0,1Ga0,8Mg0,2-yCoyO3-δ (y=0.015; 0,045 fueron estudiadas mediante una combinación de técnicas de espectroscopia de impedancia compleja y fuerza electromotriz (fem. La composición La0,9Sr0,1Ga0,8Mg0,2O2,85 (LSGM presenta el mayor número de transporte iónico, concretamente 0,99 en el rango de temperaturas 900-1173 K, tanto en gradiente de O2/aire como de H2/aire.

  9. Large electrocaloric efficiency over a broad temperature span in lead-free BaTiO3-based ceramics near room temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tangyuan; Liu, Xinyu; Shi, Sheng; Yin, Yihao; Li, Hongfa; Wang, Qiongyan; Zhang, Yunlu; Bian, Jihong; Rajput, S. S.; Long, Changbai; Peng, Biaolin; Bai, Yang; Wang, Yunzhi; Lou, Xiaojie

    2017-11-01

    We report a large electrocaloric efficiency of 0.029 K cm kV-1 at 303 K and in a wide operating temperature range of 293 K to 313 K in a lead-free Ba0.9Sr0.1(Ti0.9Zr0.1)0.95Sn0.05O3 ceramic by using direct electrocaloric effect (ECE) measurements. Sn4+ doping in Ba0.9Sr0.1Ti0.9Zr0.1O3 not only tunes the rhombohedral-to-paraelectric phase transition temperature to room temperature but also slightly widens the phase transition region, by slightly strengthening the diffuse character and maintaining its good ferroelectricity. Also, polar nanoregions embedded in the matrix facilitate polarization rotation because of a flat energy landscape associated with the relaxor-to-ferroelectric phase transition, inducing enhanced entropy changes and consequently excellent ECE performance.

  10. Electrodes for solid oxide fuel cells based on infiltration of Co-based materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Alfred Junio; Søgaard, Martin; Bonanos, Nikolaos

    2012-01-01

    The electrochemical performance of cathodes produced by infiltration of nitrates corresponding to the nominal compositions Co3O4, LaCoO3, and La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3−δ into porous backbones of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 has been studied. Characterization by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at 600◦C in air...... revealed that the lowest electrode polarization (Rp) value is obtained for La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3−δ (0.062cm2), followed by LaCoO3 (0.079cm2), andCo3O4-infiltrated cathodes (0.27cm2). The surprisingly good performance of LaCoO3- and Co3O4-infiltrated cathodes demonstrate the peculiarities encountered...

  11. KAJIAN SIFAT OPTIK FILM TIPIS BST DIDADAH NIOBIUM DAN TANTALUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farida Huriawati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this research thin films of Barium Strontium Titanate (BST has been synthesis with different compositions Ba0,5Sr0,5TiO3 and Ba0,25Sr0,75TiO3 which doped by Nb2O5 (Niobium and Ta2O5 (Tantalum on Si (100 type-p substrate. Thin films were produced by chemical solution deposition technique (CSD and spin coating technique with annealing temperature at 850oC, 900oC dan 950oC. Rotation velocity at 3000 rpm and time of rotation is 30 seconds. Characterization of Films is optic Characterization (absorbance ana reflectance. From the Characterizations were obtained BNST thin film with 5% doping and anneling temperature at 8500C as photodiode light sensor which applied in electronic circuit.

  12. Chemical Stability of Conductive Ceramic Anodes in LiCl–Li2O Molten Salt for Electrolytic Reduction in Pyroprocessing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung-Wook Kim

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Conductive ceramics are being developed to replace current Pt anodes in the electrolytic reduction of spent oxide fuels in pyroprocessing. While several conductive ceramics have shown promising electrochemical properties in small-scale experiments, their long-term stabilities have not yet been investigated. In this study, the chemical stability of conductive La0.33Sr0.67MnO3 in LiCl–Li2O molten salt at 650°C was investigated to examine its feasibility as an anode material. Dissolution of Sr at the anode surface led to structural collapse, thereby indicating that the lifetime of the La0.33Sr0.67MnO3 anode is limited. The dissolution rate of Sr is likely to be influenced by the local environment around Sr in the perovskite framework.

  13. Development of a new magnetocaloric material used in a magnetic refrigeration device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardy V.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Testing directly a magnetocaloric material in a magnetic refrigeration (MR system is the best way to judge of its applicative potentialities. In this spirit, an oxide expected to show promising magnetocaloric properties around room temperature (Pr0.65Sr0.35MnO3 was produced in large scale and shaped in order to build a regenerator. Magnetization, heat capacity, resistivity, thermal conductivity and a direct test in a MR device were carried out on this manganite. The results were compared to those observed in the reference material which is Gadolinium. The two main conclusions of these preliminary results are: (i the Pr0.65Sr0.35MnO3 actually displays not only a significant magnetocaloric effect but also a real refrigeration capability at room temperature; (ii the temperature spans reached in these first experiments are even found to well compare with those obtained with Gd.

  14. Lanthanoid-free perovskite oxide catalyst for dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene working with redox mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryo eWatanabe

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available For the development of highly active and robust catalysts for dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBDH to produce styrene; an important monomer for polystyrene production, perovskite-type oxides were applied to the reaction. Controlling the mobility of lattice oxygen by changing the structure of Ba1–xSrxFeyMn1–yO3–d(0 ≤ x≤ 1, 0.2 ≤ y≤ 0.8, perovskite catalyst showed higher activity and stability on EBDH. The optimized Ba/Sr and Fe/Mn molar ratios were 0.4/0.6 and 0.6/0.4, respectively. Comparison of the dehydrogenation activity of Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d catalyst with that of an industrial potassium promoted iron (Fe–K catalyst revealed that the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d catalyst showed higher initial activity than the industrial Fe–K oxide catalyst. Additionally, the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d catalyst showed high activity and stability under severe conditions, even at temperatures as low as 783 K, or at the low steam/EB ratio of 2, while, the Fe–K catalyst showed low activity in such conditions. Comparing reduction profiles of the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d and the Fe–K catalysts in aH2O/H2 atmosphere, reduction was suppressed by the presence of H2O over the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d catalyst while the Fe–K catalyst was reduced. In other words, Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d catalyst had higher potential for activating the steam than the Fe–K catalyst. The lattice oxygen in perovskite-structure was consumed by H2, subsequently the consumed lattice oxygen was regenerated by H2O. So the catalytic performance of Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d was superior to that of Fe–K catalyst thanks to the high redox property of the Ba0.4Sr0.6Fe0.6Mn0.4O3–d perovskite oxide.

  15. Durability and Performance of High Performance Infiltration Cathodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Alfred Junio; Søgaard, Martin; Hjalmarsson, Per

    2013-01-01

    The performance and durability of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes consisting of a porous Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) infiltrated with nitrates corresponding to the nominal compositions La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3-δ (LSC), LaCoO3-δ (LC), and Co3O4 are discussed. At 600°C, the polarization resistance, Rp...

  16. Electrical properties of SrxBa1−xFe0·6Sn0·4O3−ε NTC thermistors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The extracted grain boundary resistance exhibited a NTC thermistor behaviour. ... substantial changes in the electrical properties because of. ∗ ..... temperature change. The imaginary parts of electric modulus (Im(M)) and electrical resistance (Im(Z)) of the Sr0·4Ba0·6Fe0·6Sn0·4O3−ε ceramic, as a function of logarithmic ...

  17. Thermal expansion of doped lanthanum gallates

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Thermal expansion of several compositions of Sr and Mg-doped LaGaO3 including an -site deficient composition (La0.9Sr0.1)0.98(Ga0.8Mg0.2)O2.821 were measured in the temperature range from 298 to 1273 K. The effect of doping on thermal expansion was studied by varying the composition at one site of the ...

  18. High-performance lanthanum-ferrite-based cathode for SOFC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, W.G.; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2005-01-01

    (La0.6Sr0.4)(1-x)Co0.2Fe0.8O3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O3 (LSCF/CGO) composite cathodes were investigated for SOFC application at intermediate temperature, i.e., 500-700 degreesC. The LSCF/CGO cathodes have been studied on three types of tape-casted electrolyte substrates including CGO electrolyte, Yttrium-stab...

  19. Infiltrated La0.4Sr0.4Fe0.03Ni0.03Ti0.94O3 based anodes for all ceramic and metal supported solid oxide fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jimmi; Persson, Åsa Helen; Sudireddy, Bhaskar Reddy

    2017-01-01

    performing nanostructured Ni:CGO electrocatalyst coated A site deficient Lanthanum doped Strontium Titanate (La0.4Sr0.4Fe0.03Ni0.03Ti0.94O3) based anodes. The anodes were incorporated into the co-sintered DTU metal supported solid oxide fuel cell design and large sized 12 cm × 12 cm cells were fabricated...

  20. Electrochemical oxidation of propene by use of LSM15/CGO10 electrochemical reactor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ippolito, Davide; Andersen, Kjeld Bøhm; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2012-01-01

    The propene catalytic oxidation was studied over an 11-layers porous electrochemical reactor made by La0.85Sr0.15MnO3 and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 with the objective to simulate the abatement of exhaust gases emitted from Diesel engines. This work shows the possibility to enhance the catalytic activity th...... of catalysis (EPOC) was found at low temperature....

  1. Magnetic tunnel junctions with Co:TiO2 magnetic semiconductor electrodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, Y.J.; Abhishek Kumar, A.K.; Kumar, A.; Vera Marun, I.J.; de Jong, Machiel Pieter; Jansen, R.

    2010-01-01

    Spin-polarized tunneling is investigated in magnetic tunnel junctions containing an ultrathin interfacial layer of Co:TiO2 magnetic semiconductor. The Co:TiO2 layers (0 to 1 nm thick) are inserted at the SrTiO3/Co interface in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/SrTiO3/Co tunnel junctions. For all junctions we find a

  2. Phase-inversion tape casting and oxygen permeation properties of supported ceramic membranes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, Wei; Huang, Hua; Gao, Jianfeng; Winnubst, Aloysius J.A.; Chen, Chusheng

    2014-01-01

    A variant of tape casting, involving phase inversion, was explored for the preparation of supported ceramic oxygen separation membranes in one step. A slurry of Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 (YSZ) andLa0.8Sr0.2MnO3 δ (LSM) powders in a N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone solution of polyethersulfone was tape cast, and

  3. Unoccupied density of states of La2–xSrxNiO4+δ studied by polarization-dependent x-ray-absorption spectroscopy and bremsstrahlung isochromat spectroscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, P.; Elp, J. van; Sawatzky, G.A.; Fujimori, A.; Hosoya, S.; Leeuw, D.M. de

    1991-01-01

    Oxygen 1s x-ray-absorption measurements of La2–xSrxNiO4+δ (0≤x≤1.15) are presented, together with O 1s polarization-dependent x-ray absorption on single-crystal La1.85Sr0.15NiO4. It is concluded that the charge-compensating holes have mainly oxygen 2p character. The Ni 3d9 final states reached

  4. In search for the superconducting spin-switch: Magnetization induced resistance switching effects in La0:67SrO:33MnO3/Yba2Cu3O7;+/- bi- and trilayers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Zalk, M.; Veldhorst, M.; Brinkman, Alexander; Aarts, J.; Hilgenkamp, Johannes W.M.

    2009-01-01

    We have studied the influence of the magnetization on the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) in bi- and trilayers consisting of the half-metallic ferromagnet La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 and the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7�δ (YBCO). We have made use of tilted epitaxial growth in order

  5. Electrical properties and flux performance of composite ceramic hydrogen separation membranes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fish, J.S.; Ricote, Sandrine; O'Hayre, R.

    2015-01-01

    The electrical properties and hydrogen permeation flux behavior of the all-ceramic protonic/electronic conductor composite BaCe0.2Zr0.7Y0.1O3-δ/Sr0.95Ti0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (BCZY27/STN95: BS27) are evaluated. Conductivity and hydrogen permeability are examined as a function of phase volume ratios. Total...

  6. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 39; Issue 5. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 39, Issue 5. September 2016, pages 1139-1370. pp 1139-1145. Electrical and magneto transport properties of La 0.8 − x Ca x Sr 0.1 Ag 0.1 M n O _3 ( x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3$). More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  7. Electrical and magneto transport properties of

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Electrical and magneto transport properties of. La0.8−xCaxSr0.1Ag0.1MnO3 (x = 0.1,0.2,0.3). P SUBHASHINI1,∗, B MUNIRATHINAM2, M KRISHNAIAH1, R VENKATESH3,. D VENKATESWARLU3 and V GANESAN3. 1Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India. 2NDT/SPP, SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota ...

  8. Spray pyrolysis of doped-ceria barrier layers for solid oxide fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szymczewska, Dagmara; Chrzan, Aleksander; Karczewski, Jakub

    2017-01-01

    Gadolinium doped ceria (Ce0.8Gd0.2O2 − x-CGO) layer fabricated by spray pyrolysis is investigated as the diffusion barrier for solid oxide fuel cell. It is deposited between the La0.6Sr0.4FeO3 − δ cathode and the yttria stabilized zirconia electrolyte to mitigate harmful interdiffusion o...

  9. In situ characterization of delamination and crack growth of a CGO–LSM multi-layer ceramic sample investigated by X-ray tomographic microscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørk, Rasmus; Esposito, Vincenzo; Lauridsen, Erik Mejdal

    2014-01-01

    The densification, delamination and crack growth behavior in a Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) and (La0.85Sr0.15)0.9MnO3 (LSM) multi-layer ceramic sample was studied using in situ X-ray tomographic microscopy (microtomography) to investigate the critical dynamics of crack propagation and delamination...... and delamination only accelerates when sintering occurs....

  10. Impedance and Stability of M/CGO (M: Ni, Pd, Ru) Co-infiltrated Nb-doped SrTiO3 SOFC Anodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramos, Tania; Veltzé, Sune; Reddy Sudireddy, Bhaskar

    2014-01-01

    Preliminary impedance and stability of Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3-δ/10 vol.% 8YSZ (STN94/YSZ) composite electrodes, M/CGO infiltrated (M: Ni, Pd and Ru), has been evaluated in symmetric configuration, at OCV, under various H2O/H2 atmospheres, with H2O contents between 3–50%, at 650–850°C. Initial total R...

  11. Electrochemical Removal of NOx-Gasses by Use of LSM-Cathodes Impregnated with a NOx Storage Compound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Traulsen, Marie Lund; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2010-01-01

    Electrochemical decomposition of NO on La0.85Sr0.15MnO3-- Ce0.90Gd0.10O1.95electrodes with and without KNO3 impregnation is investigated. The KNO3 is added as this compound is expected to work as a NOx-storage compound. Measurements are made in the temperature range 300-400 degree C and in three ...

  12. STRONG DAMPING OF THE C-AXIS PLASMON IN HIGH-T-C CUPRATE SUPERCONDUCTORS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kim, J.H; Somal, H.S; Czyzyk, M.T; der Marel, D.van; Wittlin, A.; Gerrits, A.M.; Duijn, V.H.M.; Hien, N.T.; Menovsky, A.A.

    1995-01-01

    We analyze the infrared reflectivity of La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 single crystals with E parallel to the c-axis. The plasma edge at around 6 meV (50 cm(-1)), which occurs only for T

  13. Influence of order-disorder transitions on oxygen permeability through selected nonstoichiometric perovskite-type oxides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruidhof, H.; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; van Doorn, R.H.E.; Burggraaf, A.J.

    1993-01-01

    New results on the oxygen permeability of perovskite-type oxides SrCo0.8B'0.2O3¿¿ (with B'=Cr, Fe, Co and Cu) and La0.6Sr0.4CoO3¿¿ are presented. The occurrence of order-disorder transitions at elevated temperatures (790¿940°C) in these phases has been confirmed by DSC measurements and, in some

  14. Reduction of to CO in presence of on strontium doped lanthanum ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    NEETU KUMARI

    Abstract. Electrochemical performance of La0.8Sr0.2MnO3−δ (LSM) for CO2 reduction in solid oxide cell is studied by performing impedance spectroscopy measurement and current-voltage characterizations for varying ratio of CO2/H2. Ohmic resistance (R ) is observed to be slightly increased from 2.59 to 2.70 cm2,.

  15. Strain-induced structural, magnetic and ferroelectric properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-07-25

    Jul 25, 2017 ... Heterostructure Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3–Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 composite thin films grown on Pt–TiO2–SiO2–Si substrate were prepared by ... interlayer interaction, to modify the multiferroics behaviour. The lattice strain at the ..... interaction between adjacent Fe ions in different sublattices, leading to large mag-.

  16. Heating ability and biocompatibility study of silica-coated magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. The aim of this study is to prepare core–shell La0.73Sr0.27MnO3–silica nanoparticles and evaluating their heat generation ability under the safe alternating magnetic field (f = 100 kHz and H = 10–20 kA m−1) for potential applications in magnetic fluid hyperthermia and magnetically triggered drug delivery systems.

  17. Dual solutions of Casson fluid flow over a stretching or shrinking sheet

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tions in industry. The flow of various non-Newtonian fluids over stretching or shrinking sheets was analysed by Liao (2003), Hayat et al (2008) and Ishak et al (2012). ..... β = 4.0 β = 5.0. Figure 5. Effects of the Casson parameter on the concentration profiles when λ = 0.01,Pr = Df = Sc = Sr = 0.1, c/a = −1.25. case of a Casson ...

  18. Percolative nature of A-site disordered La0.75Ca0.25-xSrxMnO3 manganites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Venkatesh, R.; Yadam, Sankararao; Venkateshwarlu, D.

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic, resistive, and magnetoresistance measurements were used to investigate the percolative nature of A-site disordered La0.75Ca0.25-xSrxMnO3(x = 0, 0.10) manganites. La0.75Ca0.15Sr0.10MnO3 has an orthorhombic structure and second order magnetic phase transition indicates the presence of two...... phase. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved....

  19. Charge-order driven multiferroic and magneto-dielectric properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    manganates (figure 4) (Vogt et al 1996; Woodward et al. 1999). For example, the charge-ordered structure of. Nd0⋅5Sr0⋅5MnO3 consists of distorted oxygen octahedra with zigzag chains with alternate long and short Mn–O bonds. In terms of the chemistry, the mean A-site cation radius 〈rA〉 is expected to play an important ...

  20. Sintering behavior and microwave dielectric properties of a new ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    63

    Sintering behavior and microwave dielectric properties of a new complex perovskite: (1–x)(Sr0.3Ca0.427Nd0.182)TiO3-xSmAlO3 ceramics. JING JING QU1, FEI LIU2,*, XING WEI1, CHANG LAI YUAN3, XIAN PEI. HUANG3. 1Department of Information Engineering, Guilin University of Aerospace. Technology, Guilin 541004 ...

  1. Surface Activity and Bulk Defect Chemistry of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usiskin, Robert Ezra

    In the first half of this thesis, a new robotic instrument called a scanning impedance probe is presented that can acquire electrochemical impedance spectra in automated fashion from hundreds of thin film microelectrodes with systematically varied properties. Results from this instrument are presented for three catalyst compositions that are commonly considered for use in state-of-the-art solid oxide fuel cell cathodes. For (La0.8Sr0.2) 0.95MnO3+delta; (LSM), the impedance spectra are well fit by a through-the-film reaction pathway. Transport rates are extracted, and the surface activity towards oxygen reduction is found to be correlated with the number of exposed grain boundary sites, suggesting that grain boundaries are more surface-active than grains. For La0.5Sr0.5CoO 3-delta; (LSC), the surface activity degrades 50x initially and then stabilizes at a comparable activity to that of previously measured Ba 0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-delta; films. For Sr0.06Nb0.06Bi1.87O3 (SNB), an example of a doped bismuth oxide, the activity of the metal-SNB boundary is measured. In the second half of this thesis, SrCo0.9Nb0.1O 3-delta; is selected as a case study of perovskites containing Sr and Co, which are the most active oxygen reduction catalysts known. Several bulk properties are measured, and synchrotron data are presented that provide strong evidence of substantial cobalt-oxygen covalency at high temperatures. This covalent bonding may be the underlying source of the high surface activity.

  2. The effect of MgO nano-particles on Bi-2223 high temperature superconductors prepared by chemical sol-gel method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Eshraghi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available  In this paper, two La0/8sr0/2mno3 samples, isotropic (press without magnetic field and anisotropic (press with magnetic field have been prepared. Then we have investigated structural, magnetic and magnetotransport properties of these samples using XRD, SEM, Ac susceptibility and magnetoresistance measurements. These studies show that a magnetic property of anisotropic sample is improved and magnetoresistance is decreased.

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. A K Bera. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 71 Issue 5 November 2008 pp 917-921 Neutron Diffraction. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered compound Ca2.375La0.125Sr0.5GaMn2O8 · A K Bera S M Yusuf A Jain.

  4. Surface-Driven Magnetotransport in Perovskite Nanocrystals

    OpenAIRE

    Thi N'Goc, Ha Le; Mouafo, Louis Donald Notemgnou; Etrillard, Céline; Torres-Pardo, Almudena; Dayen, Jean-François; Rano, Simon; Rousse, Gwenaëlle; Laberty-Robert, Christel; Calbet, Jose Gonzales; Drillon, Marc; Sanchez, Clément; Doudin, Bernard; Portehault, David

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Unique insights into magnetotransport in 20 nm ligand-free La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 perovskite nanocrystals of nearly perfect crystalline quality reveal a chemically altered 0.8 nm thick surface layer that triggers exceptionally large magnetoresistance at low temperature, independently of the spin polarization of the ferromagnetic core. This discovery shows how the nanoscale impacts magnetotransport in a material widely spread as electrode in hybrid spintronic devices.

  5. The Crystal Structure of SrCrO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf W.

    1996-01-01

    X-ray diffraction diagrams taken with Cu-K(alpha) radiation in a Bragg-Brentano diffractometer have shown that the La0.8Sr0.2CrO3 powders, synthesized by drip/spray pyrolysis in a rotating tube furnace at 600-700 oC, contained SrCrO4, in addition to the ceramic perovskite phase. By means...

  6. Model for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes prepared by infiltration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Alfred Junio; Søgaard, Martin; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2017-01-01

    A 1-dimensional model of a cathode has been developed in order to understand and predict the performance of cathodes prepared by infiltration of La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3-δ (LSC) into porous backbones of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO). The model accounts for the mixed ionic and electronic conductivity of LSC, i...

  7. Effect of Infiltration Material on a LSM15/CGO10 Electrochemical Reactor in the Electrochemical Oxidation of Propene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ippolito, Davide; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2013-01-01

    The effect of infiltrating on a La0.85Sr0.15MnO3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 11-layer electrochemical reactor with CeO2 and Ce0.8Pr0.2O2−δ was studied in propene oxidation at open-circuit voltage and under polarization as a function of reaction temperature. This work outlined the importance of catalytic and ...

  8. Electrochemical reduction of NO with propene in the presence of oxygen on LSCoM/CGO porous cell stacks impregnated with BaO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedberg, Anja Zarah; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2015-01-01

    The electrochemical reduction of NO with propene in the presence of 10 % O2 was studied on a La0.85Sr0.15Co0.03Mn0.97O3-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 11-layer electrochemical reactor. BaO was impregnated into the porous reactor, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used for characterisation in the te...

  9. Anomalously large measured thermoelectric power factor in Sr1−xLaxTiO3 thin films due to SrTiO3 substrate reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scullin, Matthew L.; Yu, Choongho; Huijben, Mark; Mukerjee, Subroto; Seidel, Jan; Zhang, Qian; Moore, Joel; Majumdar, Arun; Ramesh, R.

    2008-01-01

    We report the observation that thermoelectric thin films of La-doped SrTiO3 grown on SrTiO3 substrates yield anomalously high values of thermopower to give extraordinary values of power factor at 300 K. Thin films of Sr0.98La0.02TiO3, grown via pulsed laser deposition at low temperature and low

  10. Fabrication and electrical characterisation of strontium and titanium-doped lanthanum scandate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatchwell, C.; Bonanos, N.; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

    2003-01-01

    The perovskite La0.7Sr0.3Sc0.8Ti0.2O2.95 has been prepared and its transport properties studied over the temperature range 170–1000 °C in varied oxygen partial pressures. The electrical conductivity was measured by impedance spectroscopy and the four-point dc technique in atmospheres of N2/H2/H2O...

  11. Electrochemical reduction of NiO in a composite electrode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Qiang; Jacobsen, Torben; Hansen, Karin Vels

    2013-01-01

    Electrochemical reduction of NiO in a composite electrode along with 8 mol% Y2O3 stabilized zirconia (8YSZ) is studied. Voltage sweeps are performed on cells with a counter electrode made from Pt or the composite of (La0.75Sr0.25)0.95MnO 3 ± δ (LSM25) and 8YSZ, but the composite electrode gives a...

  12. Cobalt–iron red–ox behavior in nanostructured La0.4Sr0.6Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ cathodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soldati, Analía L.; Baqué, Laura; Napolitano, Federico

    2013-01-01

    Nano-sized La0.4Sr0.6Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (LSCF) perovskite samples (prepared by a conventional acetate route and a novel acetate synthesis with HMTA additives), were tested simulating a red–ox cycle. The crystallography was studied by X-ray Powder Diffraction (XPD) and the changes in the oxidation state...

  13. Transport properties and spin correlations of La1.85-xSr0.15+xCu1-xFexO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, G.J.; Pu, Q.R.; Liu, B.

    2004-01-01

    A series of double-doped La1.85-xSr0.15+xCu1-xFexO4 (0less than or equal toxless than or equal to1) ceramic samples were prepared by the solid-state reaction method. The structure, transport properties, and spin correlations were studied by means of x-ray diffraction, resistivity, thermoelectric ...

  14. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Kandalam V Ramanujachary. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 118 Issue 6 November 2006 pp 513-518. Reverse micellar synthesis and properties of nanocrystalline GMR materials (LaMnO3, La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 and La0.67Ca0.33MnO3): ...

  15. The Structure, Magnetic and Absorption Properties of Zn-Ti Substituted Barium-Strontium Hexaferrite Prepared by Mechanochemical Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winataputra, D. S.; Ujiyanti, T. L.; Adi, W. A.

    2017-05-01

    Synthesis and characterization of (Ba,Sr)0.5Fe12-xZnxTixO19 M-type hexaferrite was conducted by using mechanochemical process. The composition of Zn-Ti ion in (Ba,Sr)0.5Fe12- xZnxTixO19 M-type hexaferrite were varied as x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.6, and 1.0. The sample was characterized by using X-rays diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and vector network analyzer (VNA). The XRD patterns were further analyzed by Rietveld analysis program. The Rietveld analysis result indicated that the substitution of Zn-Ti ions led to the expansion of the hexagonal lattice parameter and unit cell volume (Vcell ), while the atomic density decreased with increasing of the Zn-Ti ion. The VSM measurement exhibited that the substitution of the Zn-Ti ions caused the change in magnetic properties behavior such as intrinsic magnetic coercivity (Hci), remanence (Mr) and saturation (Ms) magnetization. The value of Hc dropped significantly with the substitution of Zn-Ti ions, and then continued to decrease with the addition of Zn-Ti ions content for x = 0.6, and x = 1.0. SEM observation revealed that all the particles showed nearly hexagonal platelet shape, with the particle size distribution at most in the range between 200-600 nm. The variation of the reflection loss versus frequency was measured by using VNA in (Ba,Sr)0.5Fe12-x(ZnTi)xO19 hexaferrite for x = 0.0-1.0. The optimum reflection loss (RL) was found to be -48 dB at 14 GHz in (Ba,Sr)0.5Fe11.6(ZnTi)0.2O19 hexaferrite for x = 0.2.

  16. Effect of Ru/CGO versus Ni/CGO Co- Infiltration on the Performance and Stability of STN-Based SOFCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramos, Tania; Veltzé, Sune; Sudireddy, Bhaskar Reddy

    2014-01-01

    Electrolyte supported cells (ESC), with Sc2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (ScSZ) electrolytes, Gd-doped ceria (CGO) or M/CGO (M = Ni, Ru) infiltrated Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3 (STN94) anodes and LSM/YSZ cathodes, were evaluated for their initial performance and long-term stability. Power density for the Ru...

  17. A study of Pr0.7Sr0.3Fe1-xNixO3 as a cathode material for SOFCs with intermediate operating temperature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hashimoto, S.I.; Kammer Hansen, K.; Larsen, P.H.

    2005-01-01

    Pr0.7Sr0.3Fe1-xNxO3-δ (PSFN; x=0.2-0.5) compounds were synthesized and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) measurements, electrical conductivity and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy on cone-shaped electrodes on a Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO10)...

  18. 561-IJBCS-Article-Oumarou Faarouk NKOUANDOU

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    source mantellique métasomatisée. Les faibles valeurs des teneurs en Sr (<30 ppm) et des rapports Rb/Sr (<0,05) des basaltes de. Ngaoundéré caractérisent une source mantellique métasomatisée comme en atteste la présence des poches de carbonate dans les échantillons de basalte. Le phénomène métasomatique se.

  19. Ionic‐Liquid‐Assisted Microwave Synthesis of Solid Solutions of Sr1−xBaxSnO3 Perovskite for Photocatalytic Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alammar, Tarek; Slowing, Igor I.; Anderegg, Jim

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Nanocrystalline Sr1−xBaxSnO3 (x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1) perovskite photocatalysts were prepared by microwave synthesis in an ionic liquid (IL) and subsequent heat‐treatment. The influence of the Sr/Ba substitution on the structure, crystallization, morphology, and photocatalytic efficiency was investigated and the samples were fully characterized. On the basis of X‐ray diffraction results, as the Ba content in the SrSnO3 lattice increases, a symmetry increase was observed from the orthorhombic perovskite structure for SrSnO3 to the cubic BaSnO3 structure. The analysis of the sample morphology by SEM reveals that the Sr1−xBaxSnO3 samples favor the formation of nanorods (500 nm–5 μm in diameter and several micrometers long). The photophysical properties were examined by UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The band gap decreases from 3.85 to 3.19 eV with increasing Ba2+ content. Furthermore, the photocatalytic properties were evaluated for the hydroxylation of terephthalic acid (TA). The order of the activities for TA hydroxylation was Sr0.8Ba0.2SnO3>SrSnO3>BaSnO3>Sr0.6Ba0.4SnO3>Sr0.2Ba0.8SnO3. The highest photocatalytic activity was observed for Sr0.8Ba0.2SnO3, and this can be attributed to the synergistic impacts of the modification of the crystal structure and morphology, the relatively large surface area associated with the small crystallite size, and the suitable band gap and band‐edge position. PMID:28589568

  20. Impedance Spectroscopy and Catalytic Activity Characterization of a La0.85Sr0.15MnO3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 Electrochemical Reactor for the Oxidation of Propene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ippolito, Davide; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to characterize the catalytic and electrochemical behavior of a La0.85Sr0.15MnO3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 porous reactor for the oxidation of propene in the presence of oxygen. The application of anodic polarization strongly increased the propene oxidation rate up to 71 %, although the cur...

  1. The geographic distribution of Sr isotopes from surface waters and soil extracts over the island of Bornholm (Denmark) – A base for provenance studies in archaeology and agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frei, Robert; Frei, Karin Margarita

    2013-01-01

    for provenance studies, including archaeological migration and authenticity proof for particular food products. The Sr isotopic compositions of surface waters range from 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7097–0.7281 (average 0.7175 ± 0.0049; 1σ), whereas 0.1 M HNO3, 0.05 M HNO3, and 0.01 M CaCl2 soil extracts range from 87Sr/86Sr...

  2. Catalytic Activity Enhancement for Oxygen Reduction on Epitaxial Perovskite Thin Films for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells

    KAUST Repository

    la O', Gerardo Jose

    2010-06-22

    Figure Presented The active ingredient: La0.8Sr 0.2CoO3-δ (LSC) epitaxial thin films are prepared on (001 )-oriented yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) single crystals with a gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC) buffer layer (see picture). The LSC epitaxial films exhibit better oxygen reduction kinetics than bulk LSC. The enhanced activity is attributed in part to higher oxygen nonstoichiometry. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KCaA, Weinheim.

  3. Effect of working pressure and annealing temperature on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper, Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 thin film has been deposited on the SiO2/Si substrate by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique at three different oxygen working pressures of 100, 220 and 350 mTorr. Then the deposited thin films at 100 mTorr oxygen pressure were annealed for 50 min in oxygen ambient at three ...

  4. Highly cost-effective and sulfur/coking resistant VOx-grafted TiO2 nanoparticles as an efficient anode catalyst for direct conversion of dry sour methane in solid oxide fuel cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garcia, A.; Yan, N.; Vincent, A.; Singh, A.; Hill, J.M.; Chuang, K. T.; Luo, J.L.

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we show that grafted metal oxide can be a highly cost-effective and active anode for solid oxide fuel cells for sour methane conversion. The developed electro-catalyst was composed of vanadium oxide grafted TiO2 nanoparticles (VOx/TiO2) infiltrated into a porous La0.4Sr0.5Ba0.1TiO3+δ

  5. A-site substitution effect of perovskite-type cobalt and manganese oxides on two-step water splitting reaction for solar hydrogen production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneko, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Takumi; Mori, Kohei

    2017-06-01

    The perovskite type metal oxides (ABO3: A and B are metal elements) are attractive material for the two-step water splitting process to produce solar hydrogen, because the diversity of perovskite compound with substitution of metal ion makes its reducibility changeable. The perovskite-type cobalt and manganese oxides are prepared with substitution of metal ion in the A-site, and the performance of two-step water splitting reaction is investigated. The LaCoO3 and Ca0.45Sr0.4La0.15MnO3-δ, containing more trivalent metal ions in the A-site of perovskite structure, are most promising materials for solar hydrogen production. It is found that the two-step water-splitting reaction with Ca0.45Sr0.4La0.15MnO3-δ of the perovskite-type manganese oxide proceed stoichiometrically and Ca0.45Sr0.4La0.15MnO3-δ can produce much H2 gas (4cm3/g-sample) at the reduction temperature of 1400 °C.

  6. Effect of Sr substitution on the room temperature electrical properties of La1-xSrxFeO3 nano-crystalline materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafa, C. A.; Triyono, D.; Laysandra, H.

    2017-07-01

    LaFeO3 is a material with Perovskite structure which electrical properties got investigated a lot, because as a p-type semiconductor it showed good gas sensing behavior through resistivity comparison. Sr doping on LaFeO3 is able to improve the electrical conductivity through structural modification. Using the Sr atoms doping concentration (x) from 0.1 to 0.4, La1-xSrxFeO3 nanocrystal pellets were synthesized using sol-gel method, followed by gradual heat treatment and uniaxial compaction. Structural analysis from XRD characterization shows that the structure of the materials is Orthorhombic Perovskite. The topography of the sample by SEM reveals grain and grain boundary existence with emerging agglomeration. The electrical properties of the material, as functions of frequency, were measured by Impedance Spectroscopy method using RLC meter. Through the Nyquist plot and Bode plot, the electrical conductivity of La1-xSrxFeO3 is contributed by grain and grain boundaries. It is reported that La0.6Sr0.4FeO3 sample has the most superior electrical conductivity of all samples, and the electrical permittivity of both La0.8Sr0.2FeO3 and La0.7Sr0.3FeO3 are the most stable.

  7. Major enhancement of the thermoelectric performance in Pr/Nb-doped SrTiO3 under strain

    KAUST Repository

    Amin, B.

    2013-07-16

    The electronic structure and thermoelectric properties of strained (biaxially and uniaxially) Sr0.95Pr0.05TiO3 and SrTi0.95Nb0.05O3 are investigated in the temperature range from 300 K to 1200 K. Substitutions of Pr at the Sr site and Nb at the Ti site generate n-type doping and thus improve the thermoelectric performance as compared to pristine SrTiO3. Further enhancement is achieved by the application of strain, for example, of the Seebeck coefficient by 21% for Sr0.95Pr0.05TiO3 and 10% for SrTi0.95Nb0.05O3 at room temperature in the case of 5% biaxial strain. At 1200 K, we predict figures of merit of 0.58 and 0.55 for 2.5% biaxially strained Sr0.95Pr0.05TiO3 and SrTi0.95Nb0.05O3 , respectively, which are the highest values reported for rare earth doped SrTiO3.

  8. Systematic investigation of the strontium zirconium phosphate ceramic form for nuclear waste immobilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pet'kov, Vladimir; Asabina, Elena; Loshkarev, Vladimir; Sukhanov, Maksim

    2016-04-01

    We have summarized our data and literature ones on the thermophysical properties and hydrolytic stability of Sr0.5Zr2(PO4)3 compound as a host NaZr2(PO4)3-type (NZP) structure for immobilization of 90Sr-containing radioactive waste. Absence of any polymorphic transformations on the temperature dependence of its heat capacity between 7 and 665 K is caused by the stability of crystalline Sr0.5Zr2(PO4)3. Calculated values of thermal conductivity coefficients at zero porosity in the range 298-673 K were 1.86-2.40 W·m-1 K-1. The compound may be classified as low thermal expanding material due to its average linear thermal expansion coefficient. Study of the hydrolytic stability in acid and alkaline media has shown that the relative mass fraction of Sr2+ ions, released into aggressive leaching media, didn't exceed 1% of the mass of sample. Soxhlet leaching studies have shown substantial resistance towards the release of Sr2+ ions into distilled water. Feeble sinterability constrains practical applications of NZP substances, that is why known in literature methods of Sr0.5Zr2(PO4)3 dense ceramics obtaining have been reviewed.

  9. Giant piezoelectric property of (110) oriented BaxSr1-xTiO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Z. H.; Chen, Z.; Qiu, J. H.; Yuan, N. Y.; Ding, J. N.

    2017-10-01

    A phenomenological Landau-Devonshire theory is applied to investigate the phase diagrams and physical properties of (110) oriented BaxSr1-xTiO3 films. New ferroelectric phases, such as the tetragonal a1 phase and the orthorhombic a2 c phase, appear in the ;misfit strain-temperature; phase diagrams for (110) oriented films compared with that of (001) oriented films. Moreover, the orthorhombic a2 c phase, and the tetragonal c phase and the triclinic γ phase are stable at low temperature for x = 0.5 and x = 0.7 , respectively. The ferroelectric, dielectric, and piezoelectric properties strongly depend on the misfit strain and electric field. (110) oriented Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 film has the larger ferroelectric polarization and piezoelectric coefficient than that of Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 film. The giant piezoelectric coefficient of 340 pm / V is obtained at the electric field of 50 KV / cm in (110) oriented Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 film, which is comparable with the values of Pb (Zr1-xTix)O3 and (1 - x) Pb (Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 -xPbTiO3 films. It makes (110) oriented BaxSr1-xTiO3 films suitable for applications in electromechanical devices.

  10. Fabrication and Crystal Structure of Sol-Gel Deposited BST Thin Films with Compositional Gradient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czekaj D.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present research technology of compositionally graded barium strontium titanate Ba1-xSrxTiO3 thin films deposited on stainless steel substrates by sol-gel spin coating followed with thermal annealing at T = 650°C is reported. Results of thermal behavior of the sol-gel derived powders with compositions used for fabrication of graded structure (i.e. with Sr mole fraction x = 0.5, 0.4 and 0.3 are described. X-ray diffraction studies of the phase composition and crystal structure of such complex thin film configuration are given. It was found that gel powders exhibited a large total weight loss of about Δm ≈ 44-47%. Three stages of weight loss took place at temperature ranges: below T ≈ 300°C, at ΔT ≈ 300-500°C and between T = 600°C and T = 800°C. Phase analysis has shown that the dominating phase is Ba0.67Sr0.33TiO3 compound while the second phase is Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 or Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 for “up-graded” and “down-graded” structure, respectively.

  11. LSFM perovskites as cathodes for the electrochemical reduction of NO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer Hansen, K.; Skou, E.M.

    2005-01-01

    Six La0.6Sr0.4Fe1-xMnO3-delta (x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) perovskite compounds have been synthesised by the citric-acid route. The perovskites have been characterised by powder XRD and are shown to belong to the hexagonal crystal system. The perovskites are also evaluated by TG...... degrees C on a ceria based electrolyte. Only La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Mn0.2O3-delta (LSFM020) and La0.6Sr0.4FeO3-delta (LSFM000) show significant activity for the reduction of NO. This can probably be related to the high redox capacity of these compounds. The activity of the perovskites for the reduction of oxygen...... increases systematically with increasing iron content. The selectivity of the perovskites towards the reduction of NO with regard to the reduction of O-2 is highest at the lowest temperatures. (c) 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V....

  12. Geochemistry of some deep gold mine waters from the western portion of the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duane, M. J.; Pigozzi, G.; Harris, C.

    1997-02-01

    A suite of 12 mine water samples within the Witwatersrand Basin (South Africa) were analysed for trace element concentrations, strontium isotopic composition and stable isotopes (O and H). Chemical profiles for four Au mines (Western Deep Levels, Vaal Reefs, Freddies and President Steyn) are used to infer origin, chemical and isotopic evolution of the brines and for comparison with basement brines from other Precambrian areas. Systematic relationships are observed between {87Sr}/{86Sr} and {1}/{Sr} : two major mixing trends are required to explain the range of very radiogenic end-members. Possible end-members for the two components could be (1) {87Sr}/{86Sr} = 0.7251 , Sr concentration = 0.12 mg l -1 from a Vaal Reefs compartment and {87Sr}/{86Sr} = 0.7694 , Sr = 39.3 mg l -1 from a Freddies compartment. (2) {87Sr}/{86Sr} = 0.7251 , Sr = 0.12 mg l -1 (as above) with a {87Sr}/{86Sr} = 0.7404 , Sr = 745 mg l -1 from Western Deep Levels. Strontium isotope ratios range above those expected for present-day seawater and are even higher than some locally-derived low Rb minerals from the Precambrian basement. The brines acquired radiogenic 87Sr through interaction with granitic basement (Kaapvaal Craton), shales of the Central Rand Group (in particular Ventersdorp Contact Reef), siliclastics within the West Rand Group and particularly with dolomites from the overlying Transvaal Supergroup. In order to obtain their multielement and radiogenic isotope signatures the meteoric waters descended through fractured rocks between the main dykes and faults (example: Oberholzer and Bank Dyke at Western Deep Levels). They slowly interacted with Au bearing conglomerates and quartzites of the West Rand Group. The inverse relationship between Sr isotope composition and precious/heavy metal concentration suggests fluid/rock interaction within the shales and volcanics of the Ventersdsorp Contact Reef (high in Au and total organic carbon [TOC], less radiogenic strontium composition by

  13. Human mobility on the Brazilian coast: an analysis of strontium isotopes in archaeological human remains from Forte Marechal Luz Sambaqui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murilo Q. R Bastos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated strontium isotopes in the dental enamel of 32 human skeletons from Forte Marechal Luz sambaqui (shellmound, Santa Catarina, Brazil, aiming at identifying local and non-local individuals. The archeological site presents pot sherds in the uppermost archeological layers. Dental enamel was also examined from specimens of terrestrial fauna (87Sr/86Sr = 0. 71046 to 0. 71273 and marine fauna (87Sr/86Sr = 0. 70917. The 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratio for individuals classified as locals ranged from 0. 70905 to 0. 71064 and was closer to the isotope ratio of the seawater than to the ratio of the terrestrial fauna, indicating a strong influence of marine strontium on the inhabitants of this sambaqui. The results indicate the existence of three non-local individuals (87Sr/86Sr = 0. 70761 to 0. 70835, buried in both the level without pottery and the layer with pottery, possibly originated from the Santa Catarina Plateau, close to the municipality of Lages, or from the Curitiba Plateau. The occurrence of a slight difference between the isotope ratios of local individuals buried in the archeological layer without pottery, when compared to those in the layer with pottery, suggests a possible change in dietary patterns between these two moments in the site's occupationO presente estudo investigou isótopos de estrôncio em esmalte dentário de 32 remanescentes humanos do sambaqui do Forte Marechal Luz, Santa Catarina, Brasil, com o objetivo de identificar indivíduos locais e não-locais. O sítio arqueológico apresenta fragmentos de cerâmica em suas camadas arqueológicas mais recentes. Além das amostras humanas, foram analisadas amostras de esmalte dentário de espécimes de fauna terrestre (87Sr/86Sr = 0,71046 a 0,71273 e fauna marinha (87Sr/86Sr = 0,70917. A razão 87Sr/86Sr dos indivíduos classificados como locais variou de 0,70905 a 0,71064, sendo próxima a razão de estrôncio existente nos oceanos e distante da razão obtida para a

  14. Effects of standardized Ginkgo biloba extract on the acquisition, retrieval and extinction of conditioned suppression: Evidence that short-term memory and long-term memory are differentially modulated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamberlam, C R; Vendrasco, N C; Oliveira, D R; Gaiardo, R B; Cerutti, S M

    2016-10-15

    Studies in our laboratory have characterized the putative neuromodulatory effects of a standardized extract of the green leaves of Ginkgo biloba (EGb), which comprises a formulation of 24% ginkgo-flavoglycosides and 6% ginkgo-terpenoid lactones, on conditioned suppression. This model comprises a suitable animal model for investigating the behavioral changes and pharmacological mechanisms that underlie fear memory and anxiety. The characterization of the effects on distinct stages of fear memory or fear extinction will help illustrate both the beneficial and harmful effects. Three hundred adult male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 30 groups according to the treatment as follows: i-ii) control groups (CS-US and CSno-US); iii) vehicle group (12% Tween®80); and iv-vi) EGb groups (250, 500 and 1000mgkg(-1)); or experimental procedures designed to assess the effects of EGb treatment prior to the acquisition (n=20 per group) and retrieval of conditioned fear (n=10 per group) or prior to the extinction training (n=10 per group) and extinction retention test (n=10 per group). Furthermore, to better understand the effects of acute EGb treatment on fear memory, we conducted two additional analyses: the acquisition of within- and between-session extinction of fear memory (short- and long-term memory, respectively). No difference was identified between the control and treatment groups during the retention test (P>0.05), with the exception of the CSno-US group in relation to all groups (Pmemory, which was verified by the suppression ration in the first trial of extinction training (SR=0.39) and the extinction retention test session (SR=0.53, Pmemory acquisition, which were evaluated during the retention test (SR=0.79). Moreover, EGb administered at 1000mgkg(-1) prior to conditioning did not enhance the long-term extinction memory, i.e., it did not prevent the return of extinguished fear memory in the extinction retention test, in which the spontaneous recovery of fear was

  15. Thermochemistry of perovskites in the lanthanum-strontium-manganese-iron oxide system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinescu, Cornelia; Vradman, Leonid; Tanasescu, Speranta; Navrotsky, Alexandra

    2015-10-01

    The enthalpies of formation from binary oxides of perovskites (ABO3) based on lanthanum strontium manganite La(Sr)MnO3 (LSM) and lanthanum strontium ferrite La(Sr)FeO3 (LSF) and mixed lanthanum strontium manganite ferrite La(Sr)Mn(Fe)O3 (LSMF) were measured by high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. Using iodometric titration, the oxygen content was derived. The perovskites with A-site cation deficiency have greater oxygen deficiency than the corresponding A-site stoichiometric series. Stability of LSMF decreases with increasing iron content. Increasing oxygen deficiency clearly destabilizes the perovskites. The results suggest an enthalpy of oxygen incorporation that is approximately independent of composition. 0.35La2O3 (xl, 25 °C)+Mn2O3 (xl, 25 °C)+0.3SrO (xl, 25 °C)+Fe2O3 (xl, 25 °C)+O2 (g, 25 °C)→La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-yFeyO3-δ (xl, 25 °C). (b) ∆ Hf,ox* (La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-yFeyO3-δ) .0.35 La2O3 (xl, 25 ººC) + (0.7-y+ 2δ)/2 Mn2O3 (xl, 25 ºC) + 0.3 SrO (xl, 25 ºC) + y/2Fe2O3 (xl, 25 ºC) + (0.3-2δ) MnO2 (xl, 25 ºC)→La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-yFeyO3-δ (xl, 25 ºC).

  16. Is exposure to media intended for preschool children associated with less parent-child shared reading aloud and teaching activities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomopoulos, Suzy; Valdez, Purnima T; Dreyer, Benard P; Fierman, Arthur H; Berkule, Samantha B; Kuhn, Maggie; Mendelsohn, Alan L

    2007-01-01

    To determine whether electronic media exposure is associated with decreased parental reading and teaching activities in the homes of preschool children. A convenience sample presenting for well-child care to an urban hospital pediatric clinic was enrolled. Inclusion criteria were: child's age 3 to 5 years and not yet in kindergarten. Electronic media exposure (TV, movies/video, computer/video games) was assessed with a 24-hour recall diary and characterized on the basis of industry ratings. Reading aloud and teaching activities were assessed with the StimQ-Preschool READ and PIDA (Parental Involvement in Developmental Advance) subscales, respectively. A total of 77 families were assessed. Children were exposed to a mean (SD) of 200.8 (128.9) minutes per day of media, including 78.2 (63.7) minutes of educational young child-oriented, 62.0 (65.6) minutes of noneducational young child-oriented, 14.8 (41.4) minutes of school age/teen-oriented, and 29.2 (56.6) minutes of adult-oriented media, as well as to 16.6 (47.5) minutes of media of unknown type. A total of 79.2% watched 2 or more hours per day. Noneducational young child-oriented exposure was associated with fewer reading (semipartial correlation coefficient [SR] = -0.24, P = .02) and teaching (SR = -0.27, P = .01) activities; similar relationships were not found for other media categories. Children exposed to 2 or more hours of total electronic media per day had 1.6 (95% confidence interval, 0.4-2.9) fewer days per week of reading than children exposed to less than 2 hours (SR = -0.27, P = .01). This study found an association between increased exposure to noneducational young child-oriented media and decreased teaching and reading activities in the home. This association represents a mechanism by which media exposure could adversely affect development.

  17. Atomic-Scale Chemical Imaging of Composition and Bonding at Perovskite Oxide Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitting Kourkoutis, L.

    2010-03-01

    Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) in combination with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) has proven to be a powerful technique to study buried perovskite oxide heterointerfaces. With the recent addition of 3^rd order and now 5^th order aberration correction, which provides a factor of 100x increase in signal over an uncorrected system, we are now able to record 2D maps of composition and bonding of oxide interfaces at atomic resolution [1]. Here, we present studies of the microscopic structure of oxide/oxide multilayers and heterostructures by STEM in combination with EELS and its effect on the properties of the film. Using atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging we show that the degradation of the magnetic and transport properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/SrTiO3 multilayers correlates with atomic intermixing at the interfaces and the presence of extended defects in the La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 layers. When these defects are eliminated, metallic ferromagnetism at room temperature can be stabilized in 5 unit cell thick manganite layers, almost 40% thinner than the previously reported critical thickness of 3-5 nm for sustaining metallic ferromagnetism below Tc in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films grown on SrTiO3.[4pt] [1] D.A. Muller, L. Fitting Kourkoutis, M. Murfitt, J.H. Song, H.Y. Hwang, J. Silcox, N. Dellby, O.L. Krivanek, Science 319, 1073-1076 (2008).

  18. Thermal exposure effects on the in vitro degradation and mechanical properties of Mg-Sr and Mg-Ca-Sr biodegradable implant alloys and the role of the microstructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornapour, M; Celikin, M; Pekguleryuz, M

    2015-01-01

    Magnesium is an attractive biodegradable material for medical applications due to its non-toxicity, low density and good mechanical properties. The fast degradation rate of magnesium can be tailored using alloy design. The combined addition of Sr and Ca results in a good combination of mechanical and corrosion properties; the alloy compositions with the best performance are Mg-0.5Sr and Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca. In this study, we investigated an important effect, namely thermal treatment (at 400 °C), on alloy properties. The bio-corrosion of the alloys was analyzed via in vitro corrosion tests in simulated body fluid (SBF); the mechanical properties were studied through tensile, compression and three-point bending tests in two alloy conditions, as-cast and heat-treated. We showed that 8h of heat treatment increases the corrosion rate of Mg-0.5Sr very rapidly and decreases its mechanical strength. The same treatment does not significantly change the properties of Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca. An in-depth microstructural investigation via transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron probe micro-analysis and X-ray diffraction elucidated the effects of the thermal exposure. Microstructural characterization revealed that Mg-0.3Sr-0.3Ca has a new intermetallic phase that is stable after 8h of thermal treatment. Longer thermal exposure (24h) leads to the dissolution of this phase and to its gradual transformation to the equilibrium phase Mg17Sr2, as well as to a loss of mechanical and corrosion properties. The ternary alloy shows better thermal stability than the binary alloy, but the manufacturing processes should aim to not exceed exposure to high temperatures (400 °C) for prolonged periods (over 24 h). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Temperature and electric field stabilities of dielectric and insulating properties for c-axis-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Junichi; Takuwa, Itaru; Matsushima, Masaaki; Yasui, Shintaro; Yamada, Tomoaki; Funakubo, Hiroshi

    2013-07-01

    Temperature and electric field dependencies of the dielectric and insulating properties of (001)-oriented epitaxial CaBi4Ti4O15 films grown on (100)cSrRuO3//(100)SrTiO3 substrates were investigated and compared with those of conventional (100)-oriented epitaxial (Ba0.3Sr0.7)TiO3 and SrTiO3 films. All films showed negative temperature dependency of the capacitance from 25 to 500 °C, and their changes were -18%, -83%, and -58% for CaBi4Ti4O15, (Ba0.3Sr0.7)TiO3, and SrTiO3 films, respectively. Smaller change of the capacitance against dc electric field was also observed for CaBi4Ti4O15 films. Moreover, the maximum leakage current density of CaBi4Ti4O15 films measured at ±100 kV/cm was below 10-3 A/cm2 up to 500 °C, which was smaller than those of (Ba0.3Sr0.7)TiO3 and SrTiO3 films. These results indicate that (001)-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 films are a useful candidate as the capacitor material applicable for the high temperature use because of its high stability against temperature and an electric field as well as the good insulating characteristics.

  20. A bifunctional perovskite catalyst for oxygen reduction and evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Jae-Il; Jeong, Hu Young; Lee, Jang-Soo; Kim, Min Gyu; Cho, Jaephil

    2014-04-25

    La0.3(Ba0.5Sr0.5)0.7Co0.8Fe0.2O3d is a promising bifunctional perovskite catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction and the oxygen evolution reaction. This catalyst has circa 10 nm-scale rhombohedral LaCoO3 cobaltite particles distributed on the surface. The dynamic microstructure phenomena are attributed to the charge imbalance from the replacement of A-site cations with La3+ and local stress on Cosite sub-lattice with the cubic perovskite structure.

  1. In situ X-ray and neutron diffraction of the Ruddlesden-Popper compounds (RE2-xSrx)0.98(Fe0.8Co0.2)1-yMgyO4-δ (RE=La, Pr): Structure and CO2 stability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chatzichristodoulou, Christodoulos; Hauback, B.C.; Hendriksen, Peter Vang

    2013-01-01

    The crystal structure of the Ruddlesden-Popper compounds (La 1.0Sr1.0)0.98Fe0.8Co 0.2O4-δ and (La1.2Sr0.8) 0.98(Fe0.8Co0.2)0.8Mg 0.2O4-δ was investigated at 1000 °C in N 2 (aO2=1×10-4) by in-situ powder neutron diffraction. In-situ powder X-ray diffraction (PXD) was also employed to investigate t...

  2. Long Spin Diffusion Length in Few-Layer Graphene Flakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, W.; Phillips, L. C.; Barbone, M.; Hämäläinen, S. J.; Lombardo, A.; Ghidini, M.; Moya, X.; Maccherozzi, F.; van Dijken, S.; Dhesi, S. S.; Ferrari, A. C.; Mathur, N. D.

    2016-09-01

    We report a spin valve with a few-layer graphene flake bridging highly spin-polarized La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 electrodes, whose surfaces are kept clean during lithographic definition. Sharp magnetic switching is verified using photoemission electron microscopy with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism contrast. A naturally occurring high interfacial resistance ˜12 M Ω facilitates spin injection, and a large resistive switching (0.8 M Ω at 10 K) implies a 70 - 130 μ m spin diffusion length that exceeds previous values obtained with sharp-switching electrodes.

  3. Sr-Nd isotopes constrain on the deposit history of the basins in the Gulf of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y.; Jiang, S.

    2015-12-01

    The Brazos-Trinity Basin IV and Ursa Basin are situated on the northern slope of the Gulf of Mexico. The Ursa basin lies in the center of late Pleistocene Mississippi River deposition, received the sediment deposition during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2- 4. The Brazos-Trinity Basin IV belongs to a part of the Brazos-Trinity fan, it recorded the turbidite deposition and hemiplegic deposition during MIS1- 5. The Sr and Nd isotopic composition of the detrital composition of the sediment in both basins indicates the change of the sediment provenance during the basin-filled process. In the Ursa basin, The difference of 87Sr/86Sr ratio and ɛNd of the detrital component between MIS1,2 (87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.7219 - 0.7321, ɛNd ~ -12 - -13.4) and MIS3,4(87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.7310 - 0.7354, ɛNd ~ -16 - -17.9) is suggested to be related with the provenance change of the detrital particles since LGM. The addition of detrital particle from Appalachians with less radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr and positive ɛNd altered the character of the sediment of the Mississippi River during the last glaciation and deglaciation. In the Brazos-Trinity Basin IV, the narrow range of 87Sr/86Sr and ɛNd indicate that the sediment source of Brazos-Trinity Basin IV had not changed obviously during MIS5e to MIS2, mostly from coastal rivers such as Brazos River, Trinity River and Sabine River. The pre-fan with 87Sr/86Sr ~0.735 and ɛNd ~ -14.5 to -16.9, which is very similar to the deep sediment in the Ursa Basin with 87Sr/86Sr ~0.733 to 0.735 and ɛNd ~ -16 to -18. It is suggested that sediments of the pre-fan of the Brazos-Trinity Basin IV were supplied from the ancestral Mississippi River Delta during the low sea level (MIS 6). During the MIS5, the discharge of Mississippi River is thought switched to its present course, ~300 km to the east.

  4. High Performance Infiltrated Backbones for Cathode-Supported SOFC's

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gil, Vanesa; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2014-01-01

    A four-step infiltration method has been developed to infiltrate La0.75Sr0.25MnO3+δ (LSM25) nanoparticles into porous structures (YSZ or LSM-YSZ backbones). The pore size distribution in the backbones is obtained either by using PMMA and/or graphites as pore formers or by leaching treatment of sa...... of samples with Ni remained in the YSZ structure at high temperatures. All impregnated backbones, presented Rs comparable to a standard screen printed cathode, which proves that LSM nanoparticles forms a pathway for electron conduction....

  5. Nonequilibrium lattice-driven dynamics of stripes in nickelates using time-resolved x-ray scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, W. S.; Kung, Y. F.; Moritz, B.; Coslovich, G.; Kaindl, R. A.; Chuang, Y. D.; Moore, R. G.; Lu, D. H.; Kirchmann, P. S.; Robinson, J. S.; Minitti, M. P.; Dakovski, G.; Schlotter, W. F.; Turner, J. J.; Gerber, S.; Sasagawa, T.; Hussain, Z.; Shen, Z. X.; Devereaux, T. P.

    2017-03-01

    We investigate the lattice coupling to the spin and charge orders in the striped nickelate, La1.75Sr0.25NiO4 , using time-resolved resonant x-ray scattering. Lattice-driven dynamics of both spin and charge orders are observed when the pump photon energy is tuned to that of an Eu bond- stretching phonon. We present a likely scenario for the behavior of the spin and charge order parameters and its implications using a Ginzburg-Landau theory.

  6. Nonequilibrium lattice-driven dynamics of stripes in nickelates using time-resolved x-ray scattering

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, WS; Kung, YF; Moritz, B.; Coslovich, G.; Kaindl, RA; Chuang, YD; Moore, RG; Lu, DH; Kirchmann, PS; Robinson, JS; Minitti, MP; Dakovski, G.; Schlotter, WF; Turner, JJ; Gerber, S

    2017-01-01

    © 2017 American Physical Society. We investigate the lattice coupling to the spin and charge orders in the striped nickelate, La1.75Sr0.25NiO4, using time-resolved resonant x-ray scattering. Lattice-driven dynamics of both spin and charge orders are observed when the pump photon energy is tuned to that of an Eu bond- stretching phonon. We present a likely scenario for the behavior of the spin and charge order parameters and its implications using a Ginzburg-Landau theory.

  7. NOx Conversion of Porous LSF15-CGO10 Cell Stacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedberg, Anja Zarah; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2015-01-01

    A porous electrochemical reactor, made of La0.85Sr0.15FeO3 as electrode and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 as electrolyte, was studied for the electrochemical reduction of NO with Propene. In order to enhance the effect of polarization, the reactor was impregnated with Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95, CeO2 or Ce0.8Pr0.2O2-d...

  8. Enrichment factor of atmospheric trace metal using zirconium ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The measured metals in the glass filter paper were found to be in the range of Argon(Ar), 0.00-0.01mg/m3; Potassium(K), 0.03-0.18mg/m3; Calcium(Ca), 0.01 0.14mg/m3; Titanium (Ti), 0.01-04mg/m3; Iron (Fe), 0.00-0.02mg/m3, Zinc(Zn), 0.00-0.04mg/m3; Strontium(Sr), 0.02-0.21mg/m3; Barium(Ba), 0.08-0.16mg/m3; ...

  9. Efficient ceramic anodes infiltrated with binary and ternary electrocatalysts for SOFCs operating at low temperatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdul Jabbar, Mohammed Hussain; Høgh, Jens Valdemar Thorvald; Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Electrocatalyst precursor of various combinations: Pt, Ru, Pd, Ni and Gd-doped CeO2 (CGO) were infiltrated into a porous Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3 (STN) backbone, to study the electrode performance of infiltrated ceramic anodes at low temperature ranges of 400–600 °C. The performance of the binary...... the binary Pd–CGO and Pt–CGO due to the particle coarsening of Ni nanoparticles. High resolution transmission electron microscopic analysis on the best performing Ni–Pt–CGO electrocatalyst infiltrated anode reveals the formation of Ni–Pt nanocrystalline alloy and a homogenous distribution of nanoparticles...

  10. Improved ceramic anodes for SOFCs with modified electrode/electrolyte interface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdul Jabbar, Mohammed Hussain; Høgh, Jens Valdemar Thorvald; Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    The electrode performance of solid oxide fuel cell anode with Pd nanoparticles at the interface of ScYSZ electrolyte and Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3 (STN) electrode introduced in the form of metal functional layer have been investigated at temperatures below 600 °C. A metal functional layer consisting of Pd...... an unmodified STN backbone. In order to improve the anode performance further, Pd and Gd-doped CeO2 electrocatalysts were infiltrated into the STN backbone. The modified interface with Pd nanoparticles in combination with nanostructured electrocatalyst by infiltration resulted in polarisation resistances of 0...

  11. Large room-temperature electroresistance in dual-modulated ferroelectric tunnel barriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radaelli, Greta; Gutiérrez, Diego; Sánchez, Florencio; Bertacco, Riccardo; Stengel, Massimiliano; Fontcuberta, Josep

    2015-04-24

    Pt/BaTiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 tunnel junctions, at negative voltage bias, for two polarization directions are represented. It is demonstrated that reversing the polarization direction of a ferroelectric barrier in a tunnel junction leads to a change of junction conductance and capacitance, with concomitant variations on the barrier height and effective thickness, both contributing to produce larger electroresistance. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Comparison of polarization switching in ferroelectric TGS and relaxor SBN crystals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Matyjasek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The comparative experimental analysis of polarization reversal kinetics in conventional homogeneous triglycine sulfate (NH2 CH2 COOH3 ˙ H2SO4; TGS and relaxor strontium barium niobate (Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6; SBN crystals have been performed in a broad range of measurement conditions. The experimental data have been collected from microscopic observation of the domain structure, switching current and D-E hysteresis loop registration. The hysteresis loop and dielectric spectra has a strong link to the configuration of ferroelectric microdomains. The domain structure dynamics was examined by the nematic liquid crystal (NLC method.

  13. First observation for a cuprate superconductor of fluctuation-induced diamagnetism well inside the finite-magnetic-field regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballeira; Mosqueira; Revcolevschi; Vidal

    2000-04-03

    For the first time for a cuprate superconductor, measurements performed above T(c) in high quality grain aligned La1.9Sr0.1CuO4 samples have allowed the observation of the thermal fluctuation induced diamagnetism well inside the finite-magnetic-field fluctuation regime. These results may be explained in terms of the Gaussian Ginzburg-Landau approach for layered superconductors, but only if the finite field contributions are estimated by taking off the short-wavelength fluctuations.

  14. Direct observation of nanometer-scale amorphous layers and oxide crystallites at grain boundaries in polycrystalline Sr1−xKxFe2As2 superconductors

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Lei

    2011-06-01

    We report here an atomic resolution study of the structure and composition of the grain boundaries in polycrystallineSr0.6K0.4Fe2As2superconductor. A large fraction of grain boundaries contain amorphous layers larger than the coherence length, while some others contain nanometer-scale crystallites sandwiched in between amorphous layers. We also find that there is significant oxygen enrichment at the grain boundaries. Such results explain the relatively low transport critical current density (Jc) of polycrystalline samples with respect to that of bicrystal films.

  15. Nonequilibrium lattice-driven dynamics of stripes in nickelates using time-resolved x-ray scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, W.S.; Kung, Y.F.; Moritz, B.; Coslovich, G.; Kaindl, R.A.; Chuang, Y.D.; Moore, R.G.; Lu, D.H.; Kirchmann, P.S.; Robinson, J.S.; Minitti, M.P.; Dakovski, G.; Schlotter, W.F.; Turner, J.J.; Gerber, S.; Sasagawa, T.; Hussain, Z.; Shen, Z.X.; Devereaux, T.P.

    2017-03-13

    We investigate the lattice coupling to the spin and charge orders in the striped nickelate, La 1.75 Sr 0.25 NiO 4 , using time-resolved resonant x-ray scattering. Lattice-driven dynamics of both spin and charge orders are observed when the pump photon energy is tuned to that of an E u bond- stretching phonon. We present a likely scenario for the behavior of the spin and charge order parameters and its implications using a Ginzburg-Landau theory.

  16. Proton and oxide ion conductivity of doped LaScO3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybye, D.; Bonanos, N.

    1999-01-01

    The conductivity of La0.9Sr0.1Sc0.9Mg0.1O3 has been studied by impedance spectroscopy in controlled atmospheres. The material was found to be a mixed conductor with p-type conduction at high oxygen partial pressures and a combined proton and oxide ion conductor at low oxygen partial pressures....... At temperatures below 800 degrees C and low partial pressure of oxygen, proton conduction was dominant. Above this temperature, the ionic conductivity is dominated by oxide ion transport. The protonic transport number was estimated from the conductivities measured in dry and in water-moisturised gas. An isotope...

  17. Highly stable microtubular cells for portable solid oxide fuel cell applications

    OpenAIRE

    Monzón, Hernán; Laguna-Bercero, M. A.

    2016-01-01

    In this work, extruded support tubes based on Nickel Oxide-YSZ (yttria stabilized-zirconia) were manufactured by Powder Extrusion Moulding (PEM). An YSZ layer is then deposited by dip coating as the electrolyte and subsequently, standard La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ (LSM)/YSZ composites were deposited by dip coating as oxygen electrodes. Microstructure of the anode support was optimized in order to achieve the maximum fuel utilization and as a consequence, a high performance of the cells. Experiments as ...

  18. Defect Chemistry and Electrical Conductivity of Sm-Doped La1-xSrxCoO3-δ for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björketun, Mårten; Castelli, Ivano Eligio; Rossmeisl, Jan

    2017-01-01

    We have calculated the electrical conductivity of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathode contact material La1-xSrxCoO3-δ at 900 K. Experimental trends in conductivity against x, and against δ for fixed x, are correctly reproduced for x ≲ 0.8. Furthermore, we have studied the chemistry of neutral...... and charged intrinsic and extrinsic defects (dopants) in La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 and have calculated the conductivity of the doped systems. In particular, we find that doping with Sm on the La site should enhance the conductivity, a prediction that is subsequently confirmed by electrical conductivity measurements....

  19. Synergistic effects of non-thermal plasma-assisted catalyst and ultrasound on toluene removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yongli; Zhou, Libo; Zhang, Luhong; Sui, Hong

    2012-01-01

    A wire-mesh catalyst coated by La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 was combined with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor for toluene removal at atmospheric pressure. It was found that toluene removal efficiency and carbon dioxide selectivity were enhanced in the catalytic packed-bed reactor. In addition, ozone and nitrogen monoxide from the gas effluent byproducts decreased. This is the first time that ultrasound combined with plasma has been used for toluene removal. A synergistic effect on toluene removal was observed in the plasma-assisted ultrasound system. At the same time, the system increased toluene conversion and reduced ozone emission.

  20. Ablation of an atriofascicular accessory pathway with a zero-fluoroscopy procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Proietti, MD, PhD

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A 16-year-old patient with recurrent palpitations and documented left bundle branch block superior axis wide complex tachycardia underwent an electrophysiological study and ablation with a zero-fluoroscopy procedure. The electrophysiological study showed a decremental antegrade conducting atriofascicular pathway. Three-dimensional CARTO-guided mapping of the tricuspid annulus in sinus rhythm was performed, and a distinct signal corresponding to the accessory pathway potential of the atriofascicular pathway was found in the posterolateral region. By using an SR0 sheath and a 4-mm-tip catheter, radiofrequency application was delivered at this point on the annulus and successfully eliminated conduction through the accessory pathway.

  1. Surface-Driven Magnetotransport in Perovskite Nanocrystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thi N'Goc, Ha Le; Mouafo, Louis Donald Notemgnou; Etrillard, Céline; Torres-Pardo, Almudena; Dayen, Jean-François; Rano, Simon; Rousse, Gwenaëlle; Laberty-Robert, Christel; Calbet, Jose Gonzales; Drillon, Marc; Sanchez, Clément; Doudin, Bernard; Portehault, David

    2017-03-01

    Unique insights into magnetotransport in 20 nm ligand-free La0.67 Sr0.33 MnO3 perovskite nanocrystals of nearly perfect crystalline quality reveal a chemically altered 0.8 nm thick surface layer that triggers exceptionally large magnetoresistance at low temperature, independently of the spin polarization of the ferromagnetic core. This discovery shows how the nanoscale impacts magnetotransport in a material widely spread as electrode in hybrid spintronic devices. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Mineralocorticoid receptor haplotype, estradiol, progesterone and emotional information processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamstra, Danielle A; de Kloet, E Ronald; Quataert, Ina; Jansen, Myrthe; Van der Does, Willem

    2017-02-01

    Carriers of MR-haplotype 1 and 3 (GA/CG; rs5522 and rs2070951) are more sensitive to the influence of oral contraceptives (OC) and menstrual cycle phase on emotional information processing than MR-haplotype 2 (CA) carriers. We investigated whether this effect is associated with estradiol (E2) and/or progesterone (P4) levels. Healthy MR-genotyped premenopausal women were tested twice in a counterbalanced design. Naturally cycling (NC) women were tested in the early-follicular and mid-luteal phase and OC-users during OC-intake and in the pill-free week. At both sessions E2 and P4 were assessed in saliva. Tests included implicit and explicit positive and negative affect, attentional blink accuracy, emotional memory, emotion recognition, and risky decision-making (gambling). MR-haplotype 2 homozygotes had higher implicit happiness scores than MR-haplotype 2 heterozygotes (p=0.031) and MR-haplotype 1/3 carriers (p<0.001). MR-haplotype 2 homozygotes also had longer reaction times to happy faces in an emotion recognition test than MR-haplotype 1/3 (p=0.001). Practice effects were observed for most measures. The pattern of correlations between information processing and P4 or E2 differed between sessions, as well as the moderating effects of the MR genotype. In the first session the MR-genotype moderated the influence of P4 on implicit anxiety (sr=-0.30; p=0.005): higher P4 was associated with reduction in implicit anxiety, but only in MR-haplotype 2 homozygotes (sr=-0.61; p=0.012). In the second session the MR-genotype moderated the influence of E2 on the recognition of facial expressions of happiness (sr=-0.21; p=0.035): only in MR-haplotype 1/3 higher E2 was correlated with happiness recognition (sr=0.29; p=0.005). In the second session higher E2 and P4 were negatively correlated with accuracy in lag2 trials of the attentional blink task (p<0.001). Thus NC women, compared to OC-users, performed worse on lag 2 trials (p=0.041). The higher implicit happiness scores of MR

  3. Evaluation of activation detectors for the SPHINX project at the LR-0 experimental reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahodova, Zdena; Viererbl, Ladislav [Research Center Rez Ltd (Czech Republic); Novak, Evzen; Svadlenkova, Marie; Rypar, Vojtech [Nuclear Power and Safety Division, Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc (Czech Republic)

    2008-07-01

    This article summarizes the measurements of neutron fluence distributions carried out at the LR-0 research reactor (Czech Republic) in the frame of the SPHINX project. The influence of fluoride-salts or graphite filling in the SR-0 modules on neutron spectrum was studied using activation detectors. The activation detectors (Mn, Ni, In and Au) were evaluated to determine the changes in neutron field. The In and Au detectors were also irradiated with a cadmium cover. Five different configurations of reactor core (EROS) were realized. (authors)

  4. NOx Conversion of Porous LSF15-CGO10 Cell Stacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedberg, Anja Zarah; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2015-01-01

    A porous electrochemical reactor, made of La0.85Sr0.15FeO3 as electrode and Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 as electrolyte, was studied for the electrochemical reduction of NO with Propene. In order to enhance the effect of polarization, the reactor was impregnated with Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95, CeO2 or Ce0.8Pr0.2O2-d na...

  5. Effect of Co3O4 and Co3O4/CeO2 infiltration on the catalytic and electro-catalytic activity of LSM15/CGO10 porous cells stacks for oxidation of propene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ippolito, Davide; Kammer Hansen, Kent

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this work was to study the effect of Co3O4 and Co3O4/CeO2 infiltration on the propene oxidation catalytic activity of a La0.85Sr0.15MnO3/Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 electrochemical porous cell stack (11 layers, 5 single cells in series). The effect of the infiltration of Co3O4 and Co3O4/CeO2...

  6. The geographic distribution of strontium isotopes in Danish surface waters - A base for provenance studies in archaeology, hydrology and agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frei, Karin Margarita; Frei, Robert

    2011-01-01

    water – seawater interaction/contamination monitoring, and potentially for agricultural applications, including cases of authenticity proof for particular food products. The Sr isotopic compositions of surface waters range from 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7078 to 0.7125 (average 0.7096 ± 0.0016; 2r). This average.......15% lower than that defined by the surface waters. The authors recommend using this lower value as a ‘‘local’’–‘‘non-local’’ discriminator for food and plant authenticity control in agricultural applications....

  7. Rare Earth-doped Ceria Catalysts for ODHE Reaction in a Catalytic Modified MIEC Membrane Reactor

    OpenAIRE

    Lobera González, Maria Pilar; Balaguer Ramirez, Maria; García Fayos, Julio; Serra Alfaro, José Manuel

    2012-01-01

    An intensification process for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons integrates a catalytic reactor and an oxygen separation membrane. This work presents the study of oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane at 1123 K in a catalytic membrane reactor based on mixed ionic-electronic conducting (MIEC) membranes. The surface of a membrane made of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d has been activated using different porous catalytic layers based on rare earth-doped cerias (fluorite structure) and the porous ca...

  8. Domain structure and magnetotransport in epitaxial colossal magnetoresistance thin films

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, Yuri; Wu, Yan; Yu, Jun; Rüdiger, Ulrich; Kent, Andrew D.; Nath, Tapan K.; Eom, Chang-Beom

    2000-01-01

    Our studies of compressively strained La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO7 (LSMO) thin films reveal the importance of domain structure and strain effects in the magnetization reversal and magnetotransport. Normal and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction indicate that the compressive strain on these LSMO thin films on (100) LaAlO3 is not completely relaxed up to thicknesses on the order of 1000 Å. The effect of the compressive strain is evident in the shape of the magnetization loops and the magnetotransport measu...

  9. The effect of electrode infiltration on the performance of tubular solid oxide fuel cells under electrolysis and fuel cell modes

    OpenAIRE

    Hanifi, Amir R.; Laguna-Bercero, M. A.; Etsell, Thomas H.; Sarkar, Partha

    2014-01-01

    The electrochemical performance of two different anode supported tubular cells (50:50 wt% NiO:YSZ (yttria stabilized zirconia) or 34:66 vol.% Ni:YSZ) as the fuel electrode and YSZ as the electrolyte) under SOFC (solid oxide fuel cell) and SOEC (solid oxide electrolysis cell) modes were studied in this research. LSM (La0.80Sr0.20MnO3-δ) was infiltrated into a thin porous YSZ layer to form the oxygen electrode of both cells and, in addition, SDC (Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9) was infiltrated into the fuel el...

  10. Investigating ferromagnetism and charge order in Bi1-xSrxMnO3 (x﹤0.3) ceramic oxides

    OpenAIRE

    Calleja, A.; Respaud, M.; Giot, M.; Hervieu, M.; Frontera, C.; García-Muñoz, J.L.; Capdevila, X. G.

    2006-01-01

    The possible coexistence of ferromagnetism and charge/orbital order in Bi3/4Sr1/4MnO3 has been investigated. The manganite Bi0.75Sr0.25MnO3, with commensurate charge balance, undergoes an electronic transition at TCO~600 K that produces a longrange modulation with double periodicity along a and c axis, and unusual anisotropic evolution of the lattice parameters. The previously proposed ferromagnetic properties of this new ordered phase were studied by magnetometry and diffraction techniques. ...

  11. Twin-Foucault imaging method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Ken

    2012-02-01

    A method of Lorentz electron microscopy, which enables observation two Foucault images simultaneously by using an electron biprism instead of an objective aperture, was developed. The electron biprism is installed between two electron beams deflected by 180° magnetic domains. Potential applied to the biprism deflects the two electron beams further, and two Foucault images with reversed contrast are then obtained in one visual field. The twin Foucault images are able to extract the magnetic domain structures and to reconstruct an ordinary electron micrograph. The developed Foucault method was demonstrated with a 180° domain structure of manganite La0.825Sr0.175MnO3.

  12. Catalytic Surface Promotion of Composite Cathodes in Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solis, Cecilia; Navarrete, Laura; Bozza, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Composite cathodes based on an electronic conductor and a protonic conductor show advantages for protonic ceramic fuel cells. In this work, the performance of a La5.5WO11.25-δ/ La0.8Sr0.2MnO3+δ (LWO/LSM) composite cathode in a fuel cell based on an LWO protonic conducting electrolyte is shown...... and catalytically improved. The limiting processes were first unambiguously associated to surface steps, and the reaction rate was significantly enhanced by 1) tailoring the catalytic activity through electrode surface impregnation with intrinsically catalytic nanoparticles and 2) electrochemical activation...

  13. Rotated stripe order and its competition with superconductivity in La1.88Sr0.12CuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thampy, V.; Dean, M. P. M.; Christensen, Niels Bech

    2014-01-01

    We report the observation of a bulk charge modulation in La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 (LSCO) with a characteristic in-plane wave vector of (0.236,±δ), with δ=0.011 r.l.u. The transverse shift of the ordering wave vector indicates the presence of rotated charge-stripe ordering, demonstrating that the charge...... the apparent disparities between the behavior previously observed in the tetragonal “214” cuprates and the orthorhombic yttrium and bismuth-based cuprates and thus lends strong support to the idea that there is a common motif to charge order in all cuprate families....

  14. Fabrication and characterization of electrically tunable high-Tc superconducting resonators incorporating barium strontium titanate as a tuning material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, E.-H.; Sok, J.; Park, S.-J.; Lee, J.-S.; Song, I.-H.; Kwak, J.; Jung, K.-R.; Kim, J.-Y.; Yoon, S.-Y.; Jeon, D. Y.

    1999-11-01

    We have made the electrically tunable microstrip resonators by using both high-Tc superconducting and dielectric films. The two-pole resonators employ a dielectric barium strontium titanate film on their centre in the form of flip chip. The superconducting YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO) and dielectric Ba0.1Sr0.9TiO3 were deposited on the CeO2-buffered sapphire substrate and LaAlO3 substrate, respectively, by a pulsed laser deposition technique. Variations of the relative permittivity, icons/Journals/Common/varepsilon" ALT="varepsilon" ALIGN="TOP"/>r, and dielectric loss tangent, tanicons/Journals/Common/delta" ALT="delta" ALIGN="TOP"/>, of the Ba0.1Sr0.9TiO3 were studied as a function of the applied dc bias at liquid-nitrogen temperature. The tunability, defined as C(0 V)/C(100 V), and loss tangent of the resonators were measured to be ~1.9 and 1.5 × 10-2 (at 100 V), respectively.

  15. Interfacial coupling and polarization of perovskite ABO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lijun; Wang, Zhen; Zhang, Bangmin; Yu, Liping; Chow, G. M.; Tao, Jing; Han, Myung-Geun; Guo, Hangwen; Chen, Lina; Plummer, E. W.; Zhang, Jiandi; Zhu, Yimei

    2017-02-01

    Interfaces with subtle difference in atomic and electronic structures in perovskite ABO3 heterostructures often yield intriguingly different properties, yet their exact roles remain elusive. In this article, we report an integrated study of unusual transport, magnetic, and structural properties of Pr0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (PSMO) films and La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) films of various thicknesses on SrTiO3 (STO) substrate. In particular, using atomically resolved imaging and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), we measured interface related local lattice distortion, BO6 octahedral rotation and cation-anion displacement induced polarization. In the very thin PSMO film, an unexpected interface-induced ferromagnetic polaronic insulator phase was observed during the cubic-to-tetragonal phase transition of the substrate STO, due to the enhanced electron-phonon interaction and atomic disorder in the film. On the other hand, for the very thin LSMO films we observed a remarkably deep polarization in non-ferroelectric STO substrate near the interface. Combining the experimental results with first principles calculations, we propose that the observed deep polarization is induced by an electric field originating from oxygen vacancies that extend beyond a dozen unit-cells from the interface, thus providing important evidence of the role of defects in the emergent interface properties of transition metal oxides.

  16. Low-Frequency Mechanical Spectroscopy of Lanthanum Cobaltite Based Mixed Conducting Oxides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Xiu Sheng

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The low-frequency mechanical spectra of lanthanum cobaltite based mixed conducting oxides have been measured using a computer-controlled inverted torsion pendulum. The results indicate that the internal friction spectra and shear modulus depend on the Sr doping contents (x. For undoped samples, no internal friction peak is observed. However, for La0.8Sr0.2CoO3‒δ, three internal friction peaks (P2, P3 and P4 are observed. In addition to these peaks, two more peaks (P0 and P1 are observed in La0.6Sr0.4CoO3‒δ. The P0 and P1 peaks show characteristics of a phase transition, while the P2, P3 and P4 peaks are of relaxation-type. Our analysis suggests that the P0 peak is due to a phase separation and the P1 peak is related to the ferromagnetic–paramagnetic phase transition. The P2, P3 and P4 peaks are associated with the motion of domain walls. The formation of this kind of domain structure is a consequence of a transformation from the paraelastic cubic phase to the ferroelastic rhombohedral phase. With partial substitution of Fe for Co, only one peak is observed, which is discussed as a result of different microstructure.

  17. Ferroelectric and dielectric characterization studies on relaxor- and ferroelectric-like strontium-barium niobates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Matyjasek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ferroelectric domain structure evolution induced by an external electric field was investigated by means of nematic liquid crystal (NLC method in two strontium-barium niobate single crystals of nominal composition: Sr0.70Ba0.30Nb2O6 (SBN:70 - relaxor and Sr0.26Ba0.74Nb2O6 (SBN:26 - ferroelectric. Our results provide evidence that the broad phase transition and frequency dispersion that are exhibited in SBN:70 crystal have a strong link to the configuration of ferroelectric microdomains. The large leakage current revealed in SBN:26 may compensate internal charges acting as pinning centers for domain walls, which gives rise to a less restricted domain growth similar to that observed in classical ferroelectrics. Microscale studies of a switching process in conjunction with electrical measurements allowed us to establish a relationship between local properties of the domain dynamics and macroscopic response i.e., polarization hysteresis loop and dielectric properties.

  18. Nanoscale structural oscillations in perovskite oxides induced by oxygen evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Binghong; Stoerzinger, Kelsey A.; Tileli, Vasiliki; Gamalski, Andrew D.; Stach, Eric A.; Shao-Horn, Yang

    2017-01-01

    Understanding the interaction between water and oxides is critical for many technological applications, including energy storage, surface wetting/self-cleaning, photocatalysis and sensors. Here, we report observations of strong structural oscillations of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) in the presence of both H2O vapour and electron irradiation using environmental transmission electron microscopy. These oscillations are related to the formation and collapse of gaseous bubbles. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy provides direct evidence of O2 formation in these bubbles due to the incorporation of H2O into BSCF. SrCoO3-δ was found to exhibit small oscillations, while none were observed for La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ and LaCoO3. The structural oscillations of BSCF can be attributed to the fact that its oxygen 2p-band centre is close to the Fermi level, which leads to a low energy penalty for oxygen vacancy formation, high ion mobility, and high water uptake. This work provides surprising insights into the interaction between water and oxides under electron-beam irradiation.

  19. Phosphate Ion Functionalization of Perovskite Surfaces for Enhanced Oxygen Evolution Reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chunzhen; Laberty-Robert, Christel; Batuk, Dmitry; Cibin, Giannantonio; Chadwick, Alan V; Pimenta, Vanessa; Yin, Wei; Zhang, Leiting; Tarascon, Jean-Marie; Grimaud, Alexis

    2017-08-03

    Recent findings revealed that surface oxygen can participate in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for the most active catalysts, which eventually triggers a new mechanism for which the deprotonation of surface intermediates limits the OER activity. We propose in this work a "dual strategy" in which tuning the electronic properties of the oxide, such as La1-xSrxCoO3-δ, can be dissociated from the use of surface functionalization with phosphate ion groups (Pi) that enhances the interfacial proton transfer. Results show that the Pi functionalized La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ gives rise to a significant enhancement of the OER activity when compared to La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ and LaCoO3. We further demonstrate that the Pi surface functionalization selectivity enhances the activity when the OER kinetics is limited by the proton transfer. Finally, this work suggests that tuning the catalytic activity by such a "dual approach" may be a new and largely unexplored avenue for the design of novel high-performance catalysts.

  20. Simulating publication bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin

    are made by data variation, while the model is the same. It appears that SR0 generates narrow funnels much at odds with observed funnels, while the other four funnels look more realistic. SR1 to SR4 give the mean a substantial bias that confirms the prior causing the bias. The FAT-PET MRA works well......Economic research typically runs J regressions for each selected for publication – it is often selected as the ‘best’ of the regressions. The paper examines five possible meanings of the word ‘best’: SR0 is ideal selection with no bias; SR1 is polishing: selection by statistical fit; SR2...... is censoring: selection by the size of estimate; SR3 selects the optimal combination of fit and size; and SR4 selects the first satisficing result. The last four SRs are steered by priors and result in bias. The MST and the FAT-PET have been developed for detection and correction of such bias. The simulations...