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Sample records for eurodif production georges

  1. UF6 overfilling prevention at Eurodif production Georges Besse plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reneaud, J.M. [Eurodif Production, Pierrelatte (France)

    1991-12-31

    Risk of overfilling exists on different equipments of Georges BESSE Plant: cylinders, desublimers and intermediate tanks. The preventive measures are composed of technical devices: desublimers weighing, load monitoring alarms, automatic controls ... and procedures, training, safety organization. In thirteen years of operation, some incidents have occurred but none of them has caused any personal injuries. They are related and discussed. The main factors involved in the Sequoyah fuel facility accident on 1/4/1986 have been analyzed and taken into account.

  2. George Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Codispoti, L. A.

    This book provides a rich feast for anyone who has a hunger to learn more about Georges Bank! Its 593 large pages provide articles on a wide variety of scientific and resource management topics. Many human interest features are also included. Among the latter are a photograph demonstrating the only proper way for a seagoing chemist to imbibe, and articles entitled, “My First Trip on Georges Bank,” and “‘Bait Up!’: Dory Fishing on Georges Bank.”Proving that every cloud has a silver lining, interest in producing this book was driven by the climate of controversy that surrounded Georges Bank in the latter 1970s and early 1980s. This was a time when exploratory wells were being driven to search for oil and when disputes between Canada and the United States about jurisdiction over the Bank were reaching their peak. As Backus notes in the Foreword, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass., set up a Coastal Research Center in 1979 when “the oil/fish dispute on Georges Bank was hot.” The direct costs of publishing this book were, in turn, supported by the Coastal Research Center.

  3. George Washington Birthplace National Monument Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  4. George Washington Memorial Parkway National Parkway Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  5. REVISITANDO GEORG SIMMEL 1

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Donald Levine

    2015-01-01

    .... Presented in the form of counterpoints, this debate culminates in the proposal of a sixth way to apprehend Georg Simmel which illuminates major shifts in his late years' outlook - Simmel as an evolutionary theorist...

  6. George Andrews' Game

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 14; Issue 2. George Andrews' Game. Jerold Mathews. General Article Volume 14 Issue 2 February 2009 pp 172-178. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/014/02/0172-0178. Keywords. Fibonacci ...

  7. George's cosmic treasure hunt

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2009-01-01

    George and Annie explore the galaxy in this cosmic adventure from Stephen Hawking and Lucy Hawking, complete with essays from Professor Hawking about the latest in space travel. George is heartbroken when he learns that his friend Annie and her father are moving to the US. Eric has a new job working for the space program, looking for signs of life in the Universe. Eric leaves George with a gift—a book called The User’s Guide to the Universe. But Annie and Eric haven’t been gone for very long when Annie believes that she is being contacted by aliens, who have a terrible warning for her. George joins her in the US to help her with her quest—and before he knows it, he, Annie, Cosmos, and Annie’s annoying cousin Emmett have been swept up in a cosmic treasure hunt, spanning the whole galaxy and beyond. Lucy Hawking's own experiences in zero-gravity flight and interviews with astronauts at Cape Kennedy and the Johnson Space Center lend the book a sense of realism and excitement that is sure to fire up ima...

  8. George Andrew Olah

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Electron-deficient intermediates, Friedel–Crafts chemistry, carbocations, carbanions, methanol economy, anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle. Abstract. Hungarian born American chemist, George Andrew Olah wasa prolific researcher. The central theme of his career was thepursuit of structure and mechanisms ...

  9. Baker & Taylor's George Coe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fialkoff, Francine

    2009-01-01

    In his 30 years as a library wholesaler, first as VP and general manager of Brodart Books, Library, and School Automation divisions and since 2000 as president of the Library & Education division of Baker & Taylor (B&T), George Coe has been instrumental in a whole host of innovations. They go way beyond the selection, processing, and delivery of…

  10. Relative contribution of decreased productivity and survival to recent changes in the demographic trend of the Rivière George Caribou Herd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Crête

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available The Rivière George caribou herd (RGCH was numerically low during the middle part of the century but apparently erupted in the sixties and the seventies. Puberty was early and pregnancy rate was high among RGCH females from 1973 until the mid-eighties when fecundity decreased significantly, in particular among sub-adults; productivity remained low in 1992. Autumn calf:female ratios reflected this trend in pregnancy, exceeding 50 calves: 100 cows between 1973 and 1983, but dropping thereafter progressively to a low of 24 in 1992. In 1993, this ratio rebounded back to 42. Annual adult survival rate of radio-collared females was high (0.95 at the beginning of the monitoring in 1984, but exhibited a variable but declining trend until 1992. Simulations were conducted to estimate the demographic trend of the RGCH between 1984 and 1992, using annual survival rates of radio-collared animals and annual autumn calffemale ratios to estimate calf production. Age structure played a minor role in estimating the finite rate of increase (Lamda. According to the simulations, the RGCH increased in size until 1987, and showed a slight decrease thereafter. The herd should have decreased by 12-15% between 1988 and 1993, according to the simulations. Productivity first caused a decline in Lamda, but in recent years decreased survival contributed slightly more than productivity to the reduction in Lamda. Estimation of the herd size by means of aerial censuses in 1976, 1984, 1988 and 1993 suggested a similar pattern in demographic trend, differences being statistically meaningless. We speculated on the future of the RGCH, that could have erupted after many decades of unfavourable weather. The herd will exhibit a rapid descent to low numbers if wolves show a numerical response to current caribou abundance, or if lichen availability on the winter range decreases due to competition with the adjacent and increasing Rivière aux Feuilles herd; otherwise it will exhibit

  11. Revisitando Georg Simmel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald Levine

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews five of the most common ways in which sociologists have apprehended and represented George Simmel’s oeuvre and from which an argument about his fundamental lessons are derived and elaborated. These are they: the standpoint of Simmel as aesthete, as inconsequent, as an inconstant theorist, as metaphysician and phenomenologist, and as a latent theorist. Presented in the form of counterpoints, this debate culminates in the proposal of a sixth way to apprehend Georg Simmel which illuminates major shifts in his late years’ outlook – Simmel as an evolutionary theorist. Such shifts, as well as a comprehensive reading of his oeuvre, can provide points of departure for new kinds of investigation.

  12. CERN honours Georges Charpak

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    CERN pays tribute to the work of Georges Charpak at a colloquium in honour of his 85th birthday. var flash_video_player=get_video_player_path(); insert_player_for_external('Video/Public/Movies/2009/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008-0753-kbps-480x360-25-fps-audio-64-kbps-44-kHz-stereo', 'mms://mediastream.cern.ch/MediaArchive/Video/Public/Movies/2009/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008-Multirate-200-to-753-kbps-480x360.wmv', 'false', 480, 360, 'https://mediastream.cern.ch/MediaArchive/Video/Public/Movies/2009/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008-posterframe-480x360-at-10-percent.jpg', '1167500', true, 'Video/Public/Movies/2009/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008/CERN-MOVIE-2009-008-0600-kbps-maxH-360-25-fps-audio-128-kbps-48-kHz-stereo.mp4'); Watch the video conference of Georges Charpak.   On 9 March CERN’s Main Auditorium was the venue for a fascinating and moving celebration marking the 85th birthday of Georges Charpak, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1992 for his inven...

  13. Georges Perec's literary staging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewelina Woźniak-Czech

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this sketch to present Georges Perec’s work in the context of drama. As Perec wrote just one play for the theater, it’s hard to call him a dramatist. However, it is easy to see that all the literary tricks he uses in his works are a part of a well-thought-out game. The author of Life a User’s Manual employs and interweaves various literary conventions, prompts dialogue between his own works and draws the reader into the very center of his tricks, nuances and simulations. Perec’s writing could be deemed a pure act of dramatization, where the author himself, to some extent, takes on the role of director, making his audience not so much the recipients of his texts but the actors performing them.

  14. Georges Didi-Huberman

    OpenAIRE

    Gingras, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Georges Didi-Huberman est un philosophe et un historien de l'art français né à Saint-Étienne le 13 juin 1953. Il a été pensionnaire à l'Académie de France à Rome (Villa Médicis) et résident à la Fondation Berenson de la Villa I Tatti à Florence. Il enseigne à l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales où il est maître de conférences depuis 1990. Bibliographie Invention de l’hystérie. Charcot et l’Iconographie photographique de la Salpêtrière, sur l'École de la Salpêtrière, Macula, 1982. M...

  15. Entrevista com Georges Bertin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertin, Georges

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociólogo, antropólogo, doutor em Ciências da Educação, Georges Bertin pesquisa as questões que envolvem o imaginário, os mitos, o simbolismo e a antropologia do esoterismo. É diretor de pesquisas em Ciências Sociais do CNAM Pays-de-la-Loire e dirige em Angers e em Mans o Ciclo de Pesquisas Antropológicas sobre o Imaginário (CRAI, o qual fundou em 1992. Presidente fundador da associação CENA em 1973, da qual é hoje presidente em exercício, também exerce, desde 2006, o cargo de diretor executivo da revista internacional de sociologia Esprit Critique. O pesquisador participou do XI Seminário Internacional da Comunicação na PUCRS, em 2011, com a palestra “Antropologia do Imaginário e Estruturas da Comunicação: abordagens cruzadas”, na qual estabelece uma convergência entre as posturas reflexivas de François Rabelais e Marshall McLuhan a respeito do papel das mídias e das rupturas do sentido da comunicação induzidas pelas estruturas sociais, e as reflexões propostas por autores modernos e pós-modernos, interessados pelas rupturas de significações imaginárias sociais, como Régis Debray, Manuel Castells, Cornélius Castoriadis e Michel Maffesoli, de forma a questionar o sentido desta Nova Era da comunicação que hoje se apresenta sob nossos olhos e em nossas vidas

  16. Q&A: George Smoot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodson, Richard

    2016-09-01

    George Smoot shared the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of small temperature variations in the cosmic microwave background radiation, providing support for Big Bang theory. Smoot spoke to Nature about last year's big cosmological discovery, gravitational waves.

  17. George and the big bang

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2012-01-01

    George has problems. He has twin baby sisters at home who demand his parents’ attention. His beloved pig Freddy has been exiled to a farm, where he’s miserable. And worst of all, his best friend, Annie, has made a new friend whom she seems to like more than George. So George jumps at the chance to help Eric with his plans to run a big experiment in Switzerland that seeks to explore the earliest moment of the universe. But there is a conspiracy afoot, and a group of evildoers is planning to sabotage the experiment. Can George repair his friendship with Annie and piece together the clues before Eric’s experiment is destroyed forever? This engaging adventure features essays by Professor Stephen Hawking and other eminent physicists about the origins of the universe and ends with a twenty-page graphic novel that explains how the Big Bang happened—in reverse!

  18. Performance of the St. George Detector System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Luis; Kalkal, Sunil; Jung, Hyo Soon; Seymour, Chris; Gilardy, Gwenaelle; Moran, Mike; Meisel, Zachary; Hinnefeld, Jerry; Couder, Manoel

    2016-09-01

    The St. George recoil mass separator at the University of Notre Dame will be used to study (α , γ) reactions of astrophysical interest. A detection system was developed for the St. George recoil mass separator, in collaboration with Indiana University South Bend, that will utilize energy and time-of-flight to separate reaction products from residual unreacted beam particles. The detection system uses two microchannel plate (MCP) detectors, perpendicular electric and magnetic field are used to bend secondary electrons from the surface of a parylene backed carbon foil to register timing measurements, and a silicon strip detector is used to measure the ion's kinetic energy. The performance of the detection system will be presented. NSF Grant (PHY-0959816 & PHY-1062819).

  19. In honour of Georges Charpak

    CERN Document Server

    More than 40 years ago, Georges Charpak invented the multi-wire proportional chamber, which revolutionized the detection of particles and which found applications in medicine. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for this invention in 1992. On March 9, there will be a conference here at CERN to celebrate Georges Charpak’s 85th birthday and to pay tribute to his groundbreaking work. After an introduction by Rolf Heuer, CERN Director-General, Georges Charpak will give a short speech by videoconference. This will be followed by a talk on the invention of the multi-wire proportional chamber by Ioanis Giomataris of CEA-Saclay. You are invited to attend this special conference in the Main Auditorium, from 4.00 pm to 6.00 pm: http://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=53188

  20. George and the unbreakable code

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2014-01-01

    George and his best friend Annie haven't had any space adventures for a while and they're missing the excitement. But not for long . . . Seriously strange things start happening. Banks are handing out free money; supermarkets can't charge for their produce so people are getting free food; and aircraft are refusing to fly. It looks like the world's biggest and best computers have all been hacked. George and Annie will travel further into space than ever before in order to find out who is behind it.

  1. George Washington: A Grounded Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    Highway, Suite 1204·, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC......a broad array of experiences, enabled him to become a leader who profoundly affected those around him. George Washington reflected a man of the

  2. Georges Canguilhem, 1904-1995

    OpenAIRE

    Robbins, Derek

    2006-01-01

    An extract from The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology which outlines the work and influence of Georges Canguilhem. Canguilhem made important contributions to epistemology and his discussions of health and disease relate as pertinently to the societal as to the individual condition.

  3. Georg Cantor (1845–1918)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Georg Cantor is the mathematician who introduced us to the notion of set theory, a concept taught today even at upper primary school level. It was Cantor who dared to bring the notion of infinity into mainstream mathematics and make it a subject of formal study; an action for which, sadly, he suffered greatly in later life.

  4. A Post-Modern George.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Robert S.

    2000-01-01

    Presents an art project in which students create postmodern portraits of George Washington in the style of Andy Warhol's pop-art portraits. Each portrait incorporates a fact and six symbols associated with Washington. Describes the project in detail and lists the materials and project objectives. (CMK)

  5. George Hampton (1920-2004)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    George Hampton, who died recently, was CERN's Director of Administration in the 1960s and an important member of the team who managed the growth of CERN as it left the construction period and became a world-class physics laboratory. George came to CERN in the 1963, when the laboratory was just starting its main research activities after the intense period of construction for the Proton Synchrotron (PS). At that time the laboratory was passing through a major budget crisis, and the new Director-general, Viki Weisskopf, was faced with a completely new structure set up by his predecessor John Adams, with 12 divisions for running the laboratory reporting directly to him, and with four Directors. With the renewal of the position of Director of Administration in 1963, Weisskopf selected George Hampton from candidates from the Member States. He came from the UK Atomic Energy Authority, but had worked earlier as a delegate to the international Civil Aviation Organization. George's position at the start was to hel...

  6. Hevesy, Prof. George Charles de

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1951 Honorary. Hevesy, Prof. George Charles de. Date of birth: 1 August 1885. Date of death: 5 July 1966. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on ...

  7. Postmodernist Prose and George Orwell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roney, Stephen K.

    2002-01-01

    George Orwell, in the essay "Politics and the English Language," criticized pretentious doublespeak and technobabble that numb the consciousness and hide political power plays. Judith Butler defends the "nuanced" prose of her fellow postmodernists as necessary to convey the complexity of their thoughts. Stephen Roney contrasts the two and…

  8. George Sandi "Consuelo" / Ott Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojamaa, Ott, 1926-1996

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Sand, George, pseud. Consuelo. 1-2. : romaan / [prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Leili-Maria Kask järelsõna ja märkused: Ott Ojamaa]. Tallinn : Eesti Riiklik Kirjastus, 1961. (Suuri sõnameistreid). 2. tr. ilmus 1988. a.

  9. George and the blue moon

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy

    2016-01-01

    George and his best friend, Annie have been selected as junior astronauts - part of a programme that trains up young people for a trip to Mars in the future. This is everything they've ever wanted - they get to be a part of up-to-the minute space discoveries and meet a bunch of new friends who are as fascinated by the universe as they are. But when they arrive at space camp, George and Annie quickly learn that strange things are happening - on Earth as well as up in our skies. Mysterious space missions are happening in secret, and the astronaut training they're undertaking gets scarier and scarier . . . The fifth adventure in this series by Lucy and Stephen Hawking - also containing up-to-the-minute scientific facts and information by the world's leading scientists.

  10. Georg filmis ja elus / Marvi Taggo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taggo, Marvi

    2007-01-01

    Peeter Simmi mängufilm Georg Otsast "Georg" (stsenaristid Mati Põldre ja Aleksandr Borodjanski). Kolleegid ja sõbrad-tuttavad Elonna Spriit, Jaak Jõekallas, Eino Baskin võrdlevad elus tuntud Georg, Asta ja Karl Otsa, Garibaldi Kivisalu filmis näitlejate Marko Matvere, Anastasija Makejeva, Renars Kaupersi, Tõnu Kargi loodud tegelaskujudega

  11. Georg Cantor: habitar lo eterno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Rodríguez Penagos

    Full Text Available Este artículo pone en discusión la relación entre estructura psíquica y la producción lógica del delirio; para ello, parte de un matemático alemán llamado Georg Cantor. Aquí se discute la relación entre la producción matemática y la instalación de su psicosis.

  12. Georges et le big bang

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Georges et Annie, sa meilleure amie, sont sur le point d'assister à l'une des plus importantes expériences scientifiques de tous les temps : explorer les premiers instants de l'Univers, le Big Bang ! Grâce à Cosmos, leur super ordinateur, et au Grand Collisionneur de hadrons créé par Éric, le père d'Annie, ils vont enfin pouvoir répondre à cette question essentielle : pourquoi existons nous ? Mais Georges et Annie découvrent qu'un complot diabolique se trame. Pire, c'est toute la recherche scientifique qui est en péril ! Entraîné dans d'incroyables aventures, Georges ira jusqu'aux confins de la galaxie pour sauver ses amis...Une plongée passionnante au coeur du Big Bang. Les toutes dernières théories de Stephen Hawking et des plus grands scientifiques actuels.

  13. Georges Charpak street sign unveiled

    CERN Multimedia

    Paola Catapano

    2011-01-01

    While it might not be the only French street named in honour of the late Georges Charpak, who passed away in September 2010 at the age of 87, the street chosen by the mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly is certainly the only one located directly opposite the CERN "campus". The road overlooks buildings on the CERN Meyrin site, where Georges Charpak spent most of his career as a physicist, conducting the research that won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1992.   From left to right: Sigurd Lettow, Dominique Charpak and the mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly. The unveiling took place on 17 October and was organised by the mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly. George Charpak’s wife, Dominique, and Sigurd Lettow, CERN Director of Administration and General Infrastructure, attended what was an intimate and touching ceremony. The mayor’s speech at the event praised Georges’ commitment to scientific education. The highlight of the event, however, was a witty and humorous ...

  14. La biophilosophie de Georges Canguilhem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles T. Wolfe

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: GEORGES CANGUILHEM’S BIOPHILOSOPHY   The eminent French biologist and historian of biology, François Jacob, once notoriously declared «On n’interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires»: laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of “Life”. Certain influential French philosophers of science of the mid‐century such as Georges Canguilhem would disagree, or at least seek to resist some of Jacob’s diagnosis. Not by imposing a different kind of research program in laboratories, but by an unusual combination of historical and philosophical inquiry into the foundations of the life sciences (particularly medicine, physiology and the cluster of activities that were termed “biology” in the early 1800s. Canguilhem speaks of «defending vitalist biology» and declares that Life cannot be grasped by logic (or at least, «la vie déconcerte la logique». Is this history and philosophy of biology? Is it vitalism? It definitely is a different project from current philosophy of biology. One short‐lived term for it was “biophilosophy”. In this paper I explore the content of this term as it relates to the above questions.

  15. Georges et le code secret

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2015-01-01

    À Foxbridge, Georges et Annie s'ennuient, ils rêvent de repartir dans l'espace pour de nouvelles aventures intergalactiques. Pourtant, sur la terre ferme, il se passe des choses étranges... L'argent s'envole des distributeurs de billets, les avions refusent de décoller et les caisses enregistreuses des supermarchés ne fonctionnent plus... Quel chaos ! Il semblerait qu'un bug planétaire ait déréglé tous les systèmes informatiques. S'ils veulent découvrir ce qui se cache derrière tout ça, les deux amis devront voyager plus loin que jamais dans l'espace...

  16. [Georges Canguilhem the medical historian].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grond-Ginsbach, C

    1996-01-01

    The work of the French philosopher Georges Canguilhem is inroduced here. Medical historiography is not the ultimate aim of Canguilhems work, but rather a tool for the analysis ef epistemological questions. These questions are to be investigated, as well as the art of medical history that Canguilhem consideres to be helpful for such investigations. French "epistemology", a direction of philosophy of science to which Cangilhem belongs, is discussed first. Canguilhem's epistemology does not aim at a rational reconstruction of decontextualized scientific results, but at an historical reconstruction of science. It analyses the functioning of scientific concepts in relation of their historical context. The main themes of Canguilhems work (biological normality, scientific ideology and history of physiology) are summarized in a second part of this study. Finally we investigate the importance of Canguilhem for modern research in history of medicine.

  17. Georges Charpak: 1924-2010

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    All of CERN was deeply saddened to learn the news that our friend and colleague, Georges Charpak, passed away on 29 September 2010.   There are few people who can honestly be said to have changed the world, but Charpak was one of them. Born in Dabrovika, Poland on 8 March 1924, Charpak fled the Nazi regime under a false identity and moved to France where he joined the resistance. Arrested and deported to Dachau, he returned to France after the war and took French nationality in 1946. A student of Frédéric Joliot-Curie at the Collège de France, he joined CERN in 1959, just five years after the Organization’s foundation, and he certainly left his mark. From the start, Charpak applied himself to the development of new particle detector techniques. His outstanding and pioneering efforts revolutionised particle physics, taking the field into the electronic age. It is fair to say that without the developments pioneered by him, particularly the invention of t...

  18. George Orwell -Um Intelectual Militante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra dos Santos

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell, pseudônimo de Eric Arthur Blair, representou um importante intelectual na produção de obras literárias do século XX , ao lado de tantos outros autores que denunciaram em seus escritos, os abusos cometidos por governos de regimes totalitários e fascistas.A mudança de nome , que reforçou uma contestação ao seu estilo burguês , a participação em lutas políticas e o caráter revolucionário e denunciativo de suas obras assinalaram parte da vida deste escritor. Este artigo tem por objetivo delinear o perfil de um intelectual engajado, cujos ideais de mudanças e de conscientização estiveram presentes concretamente em suas ações como ativista, assim como em obras cuja importância permanece e se solidifica cada vez mais nos dias atuais.

  19. [Search for natural substances with therapeutic activity: George R. Pettit].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Da Silva, Pierre P J; Bendjeddou, Lyamin Z; Meijer, Laurent

    2014-03-01

    This series of brief reviews covers the "life and work" of famous and iconic researchers who discovered major therapeutics from natural products: their life history, the circumstances of their discoveries, the molecules and their molecular, cellular and physiological mechanisms of action, and their biomedical applications. Dedicated to George R. Pettit, the second article reviews the life of the famous researcher, his worldwide exploration of natural products, especially of marine origin, in search of promising anticancer leads, his discovery and structural elucidation of very potent drug candidates, their synthesis and the launch of some of them on the pharmaceutical market. An extraordinary scientific career which lead George R. Pettit from exploration of Nature to state-of-the-art analytical and synthetic chemistry and from clinical trials to therapeutic successes. © 2014 médecine/sciences – Inserm.

  20. A Tribute to George F. Pinder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imhoff, P T; Tompson, A F

    2004-02-18

    In the fall of 2001 a Special Session was convened at the Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union as a tribute to George F. Pinder's contributions to groundwater modeling in the last thirty-five years. At a subsequent meeting of the editorial board of Advances in Water Resources (AWR), we reflected on George's contributions to the field of groundwater hydrology and his particular contributions to AWR, which he co-founded in 1977 with Carlos A. Brebbia. It was at this meeting that the seed for compiling a special issue of AWR in honor of George's contributions was sown.

  1. Georges Pereci ammendamatu kirjandus / Janar Ala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ala, Janar, 1979-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Perec, Georges. Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste / koostanud, [toimetanud ja järelsõna:] Marek Tamm ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Anti Saar, Marek Tamm, Marike Tammet. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  2. George W. Bushi "intellektuaalne armuromaan" / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2005-01-01

    Paljude poliitikute arvates kinnitab USA presidendi George Bushi vaimustus Natan Sharanski raamatust "The Case of Democracy: The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror " fakti, et midagi pole tema poliitikas muutunud ka teisel ametiajal

  3. EAARL Topography George Washington Birthplace National Monument

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model or DEM) of George Washington Birthplace National Monument was produced from remotely-sensed,...

  4. Amerikanskije utshitelja ne hotjat Busha / George Archibald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Archibald, George

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide haridustöötajate organisatsioon kutsub üles hääletama Demokraatliku Partei presidendikandidaadi John Kerry poolt, kuna George W. Bushi valitsuse ajal on USA haridus kannatanud pideva alarahastatuse all

  5. George Orwell, Grunts and Freshman Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stine, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Uses the Vietnamese War as a metaphor for student and instructor approaches to language in composition classes. Explores George Orwell's "Politics and the English Language" in its relationship to the rhetoric surrounding United States intervention. (MM)

  6. Johann Georg Eisen / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    1999-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Johann Georg Eisen (1717-1779). Ausgewählte Schriften. Deutsche Volksaufklärung und Leibeigenschaft im Russischen Reich. Hrsg. von Roger Bartlett und Erich Donnert. Marburg : IHerder-Institut, 1998

  7. George's secret key to the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Galfard, Christophe; Parsons, Gary

    2007-01-01

    In their bestselling book for young readers, noted physicist Stephen Hawking and his daughter, Lucy, provide a grand and funny adventure that explains fascinating information about our universe, including Dr. Hawking's latest ideas about black holes. It's the story of George, who's taken through the vastness of space by a scientist, his daughter, and their super-computer named Cosmos. George's Secret Key to the Universe was a New York Times bestseller and a selection of Al's Book Club on the Today show.

  8. Georges Charpak and his multiwire chamber

    CERN Multimedia

    1970-01-01

    In 1968, Georges Charpak developed the 'multiwire proportional chamber', a gas-filled box with a large number of parallel detector wires, each connected to individual amplifiers. Linked to a computer, it could achieve a counting rate a thousand times better than existing techniques - without a camera in sight. From left to right, Georges Charpak, Fabio Sauli and Jean-Claude Santiard working on a multiwire chamber in 1970.

  9. George Bataille - Historien om øjet

    OpenAIRE

    Faaborg, Ida Selvejer; Sloan, Patrick Alexander Raaby; Hansen, Cecilie Bjørn Roland; Strange, Gustav Valdemar; Barington, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    This project contains a literary analysis of the fictional text The Story of the Eye by the French philosopher and writer Georges Bataille, first issued in 1928 under the pseudonym Lord Auch. Through a broad selection of literary and linguistic theories, we analyze different aspects of the text including its narrative structure and dynamics, literary style and use of imagery figures and metaphors. With the use of Georges Bataille’s nonfictional philosophical theories, predominantly from his b...

  10. Address of U.S. President George W. Bush / George W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Päevaleht : Mõte 10. juuni lk. 9-11. Ameerika Ühendriikide presidendi George Bushi Läti visiidi ajal 7. mail peetud kõne. Ajal. Eesti Päevaleht : Möte toodud ka George W. Bushi CV. Ajal. The Baltic Times lüh.

  11. Michael G. Brennan: George Orwell and Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Crump

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This contribution offers a review of: Michael G. Brennan: George Orwell and Religion. Bloomsbury Academic: London/Oxford/New York/New Delhi/Sydney, 2016. 208 pages, $94.00/£70.00, ISBN (hardback 9781472531940.

  12. The Georg Jensen and Alessi Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanderup, Sisse

    2009-01-01

      The Georg Jensen and Alessi Design A comparative analysis focusing on the use of memory   The dimension of memory has become a central theme within several fields of research, including architecture, philosophy, psychology and medicine. However, memory has not yet been explored more substantial...

  13. George Gamow and the Genetic Code

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 9; Issue 7. George Gamow and the Genetic Code. Vidyanand Nanjundiah. General Article Volume 9 Issue 7 July 2004 pp 44-49. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/009/07/0044-0049. Keywords.

  14. Notes on George Maciunas' Work in Cinema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekas, Jonas

    1992-01-01

    Traces George Maciunas' interest in cinema beginning with his work for "Film Culture" magazine in 1955, his methods of producing/making films, his relationship to the main film avant-garde of the sixties and his ideas of cinema. (RS)

  15. Some insights from Johann Georg Hamann

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-02-06

    Feb 6, 2012 ... a contemporary and critic of Immanuel Kant, Johann Georg Hamann, suggested a metaphor for understanding the interrelationship of matter and thought. This metaphor is language. The appropriateness of this metaphor can be seen both in the importance that language abilities play in the evolutionary ...

  16. George Campbell's "Cura Prima" on Eloquence--1758.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bormann, Dennis R.

    1988-01-01

    Reproduces portions of the first lecture given to the Philosophical Society of Aberdeen, Scotland--George Campbell's discussion of eloquence of 1758. Explains the importance of this document, asserting that it reveals the "belletristic" roots of Campbell's theory, and proves that his differentiation on the "ends" of speaking…

  17. Tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, and infertility: what ailed George Orwell?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, John J

    2005-12-01

    In the last and most productive years of his life, George Orwell struggled with pulmonary tuberculosis, dying at the dawn of the era of chemotherapy. His case history illustrates clinical aspects of tuberculosis with contemporary relevance: the role of poverty in its spread, the limited efficacy of monotherapy, the potential toxicity of treatment, and the prominence of cachexia as a terminal symptom. Orwell's ordeals with collapse therapy may have influenced the portrayal of the tortures of Winston Smith in the novel 1984. I discuss unifying diagnoses for Orwell's respiratory problems and apparent infertility, including tuberculous epididymitis, Young syndrome, immotile cilia syndrome, and cystic fibrosis.

  18. Biomass removal study on the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dana Mitchell; John Klepac

    2017-01-01

    A study was installed on the George Washington National Forest to gather hardwood arvesting production data. The silvicultural prescription for the harvested unit was shelterwood with reserves. There was no biomass removal component included in this study. One purpose of this study was to gather baseline harvesting data for future comparisons of production impacts from...

  19. The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Wolfgang Drechsler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drechsler, Wolfgang, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Rets.rmt.: The philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer : a review of the philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer / Lewis Edwin Hahn, ed. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1997. (The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. XXIV)

  20. EDITORIAL: George W Series Memorial Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, J. N.

    1997-01-01

    I would like to recall my experiences when I joined George Series when on study leave from the University of Otago in 1959. Like George, we had decided, some years previously, to pursue the line of research opened up by the double-resonance experiment of Brossel and Bitter. Up to that time both groups had been applying the new technique to traditional spectroscopic problems, those of measuring the fine structure, hyperhe structure, g-factors and nuclear moments. But here, in Oxford, was something new and exciting - experiments that studied the nature of light itself, questioning some long-held views. George had come to the view that, in a double-resonance experiment, one could demonstrate the inner coherence that could exist between superposition states of an atom. He, and his students Wilf Fox and Mike Taylor, had already obtained promising evidence; but he needed more definite results if he was going to allay the doubts and suspicions of some others in the Clarendon. At the time, people generally thought that light, being a superposition of radiations from many atoms with no obvious phase relation to each other, was an incoherent wave phenomenon. One could observe small scale coherence (for example, in the Young interference experiment) but it would be largely concealed by the incoherent nature of the radiation from many atoms in a source. In the experiments that had been performed the coherence was introduced between a pair of excited states (Zeeman sub-states) by the application of an oscillating magnetic field - was it not likely, according to the doubters, that the modulation observed in the fluorescence was due to "pick-up" in the amplifiers from the source of oscillations? George had to prove that this was not the cause. I well remember him saying at the time "I have a hunch that I am correct". That typified his approach to physics. The work of 1959 demonstrated beyond all doubt that substantial coherence, manifested as strong beats in the intensity of the

  1. Autobiography of Sir George Biddell Airy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Airy, George Biddell; Airy, Wilfred

    2010-06-01

    Preface; 1. Personal sketch of George Biddell Airy; 2. From his birth to his taking his B.A. degree; 3. At Trinity College, Cambridge; 4. At Cambridge Observatory; 5. At Greenwich Observatory, 1836-1846; 6. At Greenwich Observatory, 1846-1856; 7. At Greenwich Observatory, 1856-1866; 8. At Greenwich Observatory, 1866-1876; 9. At Greenwich Observatory to his resignation in 1881; 10. At the White House, Greewich, to his death; Appendix: List of printed papers; Index.

  2. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by St George`s School for Girls in Edinburgh

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    St George`s School for Girls is in the heart of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland and home to Peter Higgs. It is an all-through school, with students as young as two and as old as eighteen. St George`s is a flexible and open learning community where students grow and develop at their own pace and in their own direction.

  3. Georges Canguilhem: sobre vida e conhecimento da vida [Georges Canguilhem: on life and knowledge of life

    OpenAIRE

    Filicio Mulinari

    2016-01-01

    Tendo como fundamento as obras de Georges Canguilhem, sobretudo a obra O normal e o patológico e os escritos "O pensamento e o vivente" e "O conceito e a vida", este artigo busca analisar o modo como Georges Canguilhem entende as noções de vida e conhecimento de vida, relacionando ambos os conceitos e indicando, nas linhas teóricas do filósofo francês, como é possível conhecimento o sobre a vida e o vivente. O artigo, inicialmente passando pelos conceitos de normal e patológico, buscará situa...

  4. THE ONEIRIC AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF GEORGES PEREC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Henry P

    2016-01-01

    Georges Perec's book La Boutique Obscure (1973; translated into English in 2012) serves as the basis for this paper. The book is a collection of dreams that its author dreamed from May 1968 to August 1972. The present author treats these dreams as chapters in a bizarre autobiography, elaborating Perec's life through a discussion of those dreams and using them as a starting point with which to discuss his views of dream interpretation and the role of dreams in psychoanalysis. © 2016 The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Inc.

  5. TECHNIQUE AND STYLE OF GEORGE BALANCHINE SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr A. Silkin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Creativity of any outstanding master in any art has always attracted and attracts keen interest. One of the most influential figures in the 20th century, who created the classical Ballet in America, was George Balanchine. His greatest merit was that he, by taking the steps of classical dance of St. Petersburg as a base, managed to give it a totally different context. By his comparative methodological approach the author confirms that Balanchine founded his school on the basis of the Russian school of classical dance of pre-Vaganova period, modifying it by taking into account the characteristics of the American national character, as well as the psychological and physical structure of the performers. Thus Balanchine developed neoclassicism, a form that combines the essence of the Russian ballet with modern and dynamic sensuality of American audience. The author's main goal is to show the technique and style of George Balanchine. He takes into consideration the basic dance steps showing how these steps are performing according to Balanchine's interpretation and differentiated from Soviet, Vaganova Ballet School. The author discusses fundamental skills on which classical technique is based: battement tendu, battement fondu, battement développé, enveloppé, general details of adagio, and pointe work. The paper has its implication in promoting pedagogical approach that insists in mastering basic movements in students in order to develop skills and speed necessary for superb dancers.

  6. George Orwell and 1984: a personal view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALFREDO SANDOVAL GÓMEZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell´s 1984 is considered a great negative utopia, in the sense it depicts the nightmare of what life might become in an oligarchic collectivism pursued to its logical conclusion. Under a social setup which is nothing but totalitarian barbarism, eternal warfare is the price one pays for an elusive peace. The Party with capital P keeps a total control over all of man´s actions as well as thoughts . The novel is a great satire and it attempts to diagnose man´s alienation in all its aspects, but with special emphasis on the social organization recommended by Marx and practiced by Stalin.  

  7. Georges Sagnac: A life for optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrigol, Olivier

    2014-12-01

    Georges Sagnac is mostly known for the optical effect in rotating frames that he demonstrated in 1913. His scientific interests were quite diverse: they included photography, optical illusions, X-ray physics, radioactivity, the blue of the sky, anomalous wave propagation, interferometry, strioscopy, and acoustics. An optical theme nonetheless pervaded his entire œuvre. Within optics, an original theory of the propagation of light motivated most of his investigations, from an ingenious explanation of the Fresnel drag, through the discovery of the Sagnac effect, to his quixotic defense of an alternative to relativity theory. Optical analogies efficiently guided his work in other domains. Optics indeed was his true passion. He saw himself as carrying the torch of the two great masters of French optics, Augustin Fresnel and Hippolyte Fizeau. In this mission he overcame his poor health and labored against the modernist tide, with much success originally and bitter isolation in the end. xml:lang="fr"

  8. George Engel's Epistemology of Clinical Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraga, Michael; Fuks, Abraham; Boudreau, J Donald

    2014-01-01

    George Engel's (1913-1999) biopsychosocial model, one of the most significant proposals for the renewal of medicine in the latter half of the 20th century, has been understood primarily as a multi-factorial approach to the etiology of disease and as a call to re-humanize clinical practice. This common reading of Engel's model misses the central aspect of his proposal, that the biopsychosocial model is an epistemology for clinical work. By stating the simple fact that the clinician is not dealing directly with a body, but first, and inevitably, with a person, Engel challenged the epistemology implicit in the classical clinical method-a method predicated on the possibility of direct access to the body. Framed in epistemological terms, the issue at stake is not the need to complement medical science with humane virtues, but rather to acknowledge that the object of clinical practice is not the body but the patient.

  9. Gilbert ja George lasevad oma kunstiteose alla laadida

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    9.05.2007 öösel on kõigil soovijail võimalik tasuta interneti vahendusel omandada Londonis tegutseva kunstnikepaari Gilbert & George (Gilbert Proesch ja George Passmore) teos "Planed". Aadressid: www.bbc.co.uk/imagine ja www.guardian.co.uk/art

  10. Gastropod distribution in Lakes George and Edward, Uganda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gastropod distribution in Lakes George and Edward, Uganda, relative to copper and cobalt levels. RD Holmberg, H Madsen, TK Kristensen, A Jørgensen. Abstract. Published data show that Lake George, Uganda, has a poorer gastropod fauna than Lake Edward, to which it is connected through the Kazinga Channel.

  11. Non-compliance with treatment by epileptic patients at George ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Non-compliance with anti-epileptic drug treatment in the George area, resulting in recurrent seizures and visits to the emergency department of the George Provincial Hospital, has been identified as a social and economic problem. The aim of this study was to determine the socio-economic and medical factors, ...

  12. Satire as Protest: George Schuyler's Black No More and Wallace ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Satire as Protest: George Schuyler's Black No More and Wallace Thurman's The Blacker The Berry. Julia K Udofia. Abstract. George Schuyler and Wallace Thurman are usually regarded as the popular satirists of the Harlem Renaissance Movement. Although satire is both a specific literary genre and a literary manner, ...

  13. Hans-Georg Gadamer, Language, and Intercultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Abhik; Starosta, William J.

    2001-01-01

    Shows how Hans-Georg Gadamer's critical hermeneutics can be applied to intercultural communication. Suggests that by incorporating the philosophies of Hans-Georg Gadamer, intercultural communication scholars will be able to bring a fresh perspective to guide their theory, research, and practice. (Author/VWL)

  14. Non-compliance with treatment by epileptic patients at George ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Non-compliance with anti-epileptic drug treatment in the George area, resulting in recurrent seizures and visits to the emergency department of the George Provincial Hospital, has been identified as a social and economic problem. The aim of this study was to determine the socio-economic and medical factors, the ...

  15. George Smoot talks to the Bulletin

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Antimatter, dark matter, dark energy, the nature of space and time… The Nobel Laureate George Smoot answers Paola Catapano’s questions about his career and the many issues about the Universe that are still open.   You started your scientific career as a particle physicist, but soon you moved to astrophysics and in particular the Big Bang theory and cosmology. What motivated your interest in the Big Bang theory? After I graduated from MIT, I went to Berkeley to work with particle physicist Luis Alvarez. He knew I was interested in many areas and said, “tell me what you would like to do and we’ll try and work on that”. I saw astrophysics as a new field, with a lot of new and exciting opportunities. I started doing experiments looking for antimatter, which eventually led to the idea of ASTROMAG and later to AMS. Studying antimatter, we found that it was in less than one part in 10,000. I thought: “There’s no antimatter around us ...

  16. George Gamow: Scientific Amateur and Polymath

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Eamon

    George Gamow (1904-1968) was among the first of the many brilliant scientists who forsook Europe for the United States in the early 1930s. Although most were fleeing the fascist imperium of Hitler and Mussolini, Gamow was one of a few who managed to escape the burgeoning despotism of Stalin in the Soviet Union. His early application of quantum mechanics to the atomic nucleus and his subsequent insight into the role played by the physics of the atom and its nucleus in stars, galaxies, and the universe identifies him as a scientist of unusual genius. Gamow displayed a boisterous, infectious - almost Rutherfordian - interest in all aspects of pure science. His interests were broad and his industry prodigious. His scientific output covered areas as diverse as nuclear physics, astrophysics, cosmology, biological genetics, and the fascinating question of the relationship of the large-scale structure and development of the universe to the properties of elementary particles and fields. He also was an immensely imaginative and prolific author of popular expositions on scientific subjects. One who is as well-known for his authorship of the Mr. Tompkins series of science popularizations as for his contributions to the development of the physical consequences of the big-bang theory of the expanding universe and the prediction of the cosmic background radiation must be unique in the scientific pantheon.

  17. Georg Simmel e a "sociologia da pobreza"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anete B. L. Ivo

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os principais aspectos tratados no livro Les Pauvres [1907], de Georg Simmel, sobre os pobres e apobreza. O autor parte das relações intersubjetivas da obrigação da dádiva, no ato de dar/receber, avançando em proposições teóricas mais amplas, como: as relações entre a ética, a moral e a sociedade; a articulação entre o particular e o geral com base na posição de dependência dos pobres frente à coletividade; a passagem da noção abstrata da pobreza às formas regulatórias da assistência e sua objetivação social na forma de instituições públicas e/ou privadas da assistência. Ao final o autor estabelece algumas conexões entre a análise de Simmel e a perspectiva contemporânea da teoria da dádiva em relaçãoà proteção social, especialmente sobre a renda mínima de cidadania. Ao analisar a situação da pobreza, Simmel encaminha, no plano teórico e analítico, uma fecunda análise sobre a estruturação social.

  18. George A. Miller (1920-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinker, Steven

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for George A. Miller (1920-2012). Miller ranks among the most important psychologists of the 20th century. In addition to writing one of the best known papers in the history of psychology ("The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information," published in Psychological Review in 1956), Miller also fomented the cognitive revolution, invented psycholinguistics and cognitive psychology, imported powerful ideas from the theories of information, communication, grammar, semantics, and artificial intelligence, and left us a sparkling oeuvre that proves that a rigorous scientist needn't write in soggy prose. Honors rained down on Miller. APA gave him the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions (1963), the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychological Science (1990), the William James Book Award (1992, for The Science of Words), and the Award for Lifetime Contributions to Psychology (2003), and named a prize after him, as did the Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Miller was also honored by the Association for Psychological Science and the American Speech and Hearing Association. In 2000, he won the John P. McGovern Award in the Behavioral Sciences from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and in 1991, the National Medal of Science, the country's highest scientific honor. © 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  19. Obituary: George West Wetherill, 1925-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boss, Alan Paul

    2006-12-01

    George W. Wetherill, 1997 National Medal of Science recipient, died from heart failure on 19 July 2006, at his Washington, DC home. Wetherill can be rightfully called the father of modern theories of the formation of the Earth. Prior to the first Protostars and Planets meeting in Tucson in 1978, planet formation theories tended to be eccentric concoctions created by distinguished senior scientists who had earned the right to dream a little bit about how our Solar System had formed. Wetherill was in the vanguard of the effort to place planet formation theory on a solid basis. Born in Philadelphia on 12 August 1925, Wetherill served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, teaching radar at the Naval Research Laboratory in the District. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 1953 after receiving a succession of degrees: Ph.B., S.B., S.M., and Ph.D. Wetherill joined the staff of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM), located in northwest Washington, DC, in 1953. He and his colleagues at DTM and Carnegie's Geophysical Laboratory proceeded to revolutionize the field of geochemical dating of rocks by applying the physics he had learned at Chicago. Wetherill conceived of the concordia diagram, which uses the decay of radioactive uranium into lead to provide accurate dates for when the rocks crystallized. Wetherill's concordia diagram was a concept that found immediate and lasting acceptance, and stands as a singular achievement in the earth sciences. It opened up the field of geological dating for events that happened billions of years ago on the Earth and on other rocky bodies. Wetherill's great early success in geochemistry led to his being appointed as a professor of geophysics and geology at UCLA in 1960. At UCLA, Wetherill began his second major undertaking, working on the orbital evolution of asteroids and of other small bodies in the Solar System. He was the first to show that debris kicked out from meteorite impacts on Mars

  20. Georges Canguilhem: sobre vida e conhecimento da vida [Georges Canguilhem: on life and knowledge of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filicio Mulinari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como fundamento as obras de Georges Canguilhem, sobretudo a obra O normal e o patológico e os escritos "O pensamento e o vivente" e "O conceito e a vida", este artigo busca analisar o modo como Georges Canguilhem entende as noções de vida e conhecimento de vida, relacionando ambos os conceitos e indicando, nas linhas teóricas do filósofo francês, como é possível conhecimento o sobre a vida e o vivente. O artigo, inicialmente passando pelos conceitos de normal e patológico, buscará situar e fundamentar o conceito de vida enquanto "atividade normativa". Após isso, na segunda parte, buscará expor o tratamento dado por Canguilhem aos problemas relativos ao conhecimento da vida, analisando as questões histórico-filosóficas relacionadas ao problema e, por fim, as descobertas da biologia contemporânea que permitiram a Canguilhem lançar novos caminhos ao tema tratado.

  1. George Glasson and George Bogg's prospects on the environmental friendly relationship and ecojustice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dopico, Eduardo

    2011-06-01

    This rejoinder to George Glasson and George Bogg's papers provides additional conversation for considering the idea that we try to develop: leaving the classroom to continue teaching. Converting the teaching-learning process into research experiences brings our students not only scientific knowledge, but also an understanding of the research procedures. To be involved in field work, students can connect more personally the local action with global issues. On the ground in which we operate, environmental science, teaching of knowledge is insufficient if not accompanied by ecological experiences where students can see and share the needs of environmental protection and the idea of sustainability. Both response authors tell us about their own experiences in research in this regard. In their essays we can appreciate the desire to investigate human activities on ecosystems. Reading it makes us look with passion and awareness at the different consequences for our ecological environments: if we develop environmentally consequential behavior or harmful lifestyles for the planet. Furthermore, they warn us of the need to follow the development of students learning and reflect on the ways in which it produces time-causal relationship between persons and the environment.

  2. Magnus Georg von Paucker (1787-1855) / Eckhard Spring

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Spring, Eckhard

    2013-01-01

    Eestis sündinud ja Tartu Ülikoolis õppinud silmapaistvast baltisaksa teadlasest ja tema lapselapsest Alexandrine Pauckerist. 23. novembril 2012 Jelgavas/Mitaus toimunud Magnus Georg von Pauckerile pühendatud teaduskonverentsist

  3. Biographical sketch: George E. Bennett, MD (1885-1962).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Richard A

    2012-06-01

    This biographical sketch on George Bennett corresponds to the historic text, The Classic: Shoulder and Elbow Lesions Distinctive of Baseball Players (1947), available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-012-2335-2 .

  4. George Orwell and the Theory of Totalitarianism: A 1984 Retrospective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enteen, George M.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the use of George Orwell's "1984" in a college-level course on communism and totalitarianism. Draws from personal experiences during a year's graduate study in Moscow to examine Orwell's perceptions of the Soviet Union. (AYC)

  5. Upper limb malformations in DiGeorge syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cormier-Daire, V.; Iserin, L.; Sidi, D. [and others

    1995-03-13

    We report on upper limb anomalies in two children with a complete DiGeorge sequence: conotruncal defects, hypocalcemia, thymic aplasia, and facial anomalies. One child had preaxial polydactyly, and the other had club hands with hypoplastic first metacarpal. In both patients, molecular analysis documented a 22q11 deletion. To our knowledge, limb anomalies have rarely been reported in DiGeorge syndrome, and they illustrate the variable clinical expression of chromosome 22q11 deletions. 13 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Position sensitivty with the St. George time of flight vs energy detection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Luis; Kalkal, Sunil; Jung, Hyo Soon; Laurence, J.; Meisel, Zachary; Feltman, William; Hanner, A.; Thornton, E.-Lexis; Wiggins, B. B.; Desouza, Romualdo; Hinnefeld, Jerry; Couder, Manoel; Wiescher, Michael

    2017-09-01

    At the University of Notre Dame the St. George recoil mass separator will be used to study (α , γ) reactions of astrophysical interest. The particle identification system developed for the St. George recoil mass separator at the University of Notre Dame, in collaboration with Indiana University South Bend, utilizes time-of-flight and energy to separate reaction products from residual unreacted beam particles. The detection system uses two microchannel plate (MCP) detectors for time-of-flight, and a silicon strip detector to measure the particles kinetic energy. A position sensitive anode was designed in collaboration with Indiana University Bloomington to enhance particle identification (PID). The performance of the PID system will be presented. NSF PHY-1419765 & PHY-0959816.

  7. George Soros : sõda terroriga on kohutav viga / George Soros ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soros, George, 1930-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 15. dets. nr. 50 lk. 149. Miljardär ja filantroop George Soros vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema raamatus "Ekslikkuse ajastu. Sõda terroriga ja selle tagajärjed" esitatud seisukohti. Ta leiab, et sõjakuulutamine terrorismile oli vale reaktsioon 11. septembri rünnakutele. George W. Bushi kursi muutumine Iraagiga seoses on tulnud liiga hilja. USA peab naasma oma traditsioonilise rolli juurde maailmas ja tegelema inimkonna suurimate probleemidega

  8. L’agriculture à Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock : Bilan et perspectives Agricultura em Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock : Resultados e Perspectivas Agriculture in Saint-Georges de l’Oyapock: Results and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koné Tchansia

    2012-11-01

    agricultural fact in Saint-Georges. Behind the somewhat fixed photography of the current agricultural occupation of the ground, we tried particularly to follow the route which goes from the choice of the piece of land and its development, at the destination of its products, by attaching us to the description of the access to the ground. Thought as of its origin like a tool of decision-making aid, this work highlighted the inconsistencies and the traps of the access to the ground, elements which could be integrated in the definition of a program of management to this agricultural area.

  9. George Mikenberg honoured by the Sharing Knowledge Foundation

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2016-01-01

    The Sharing Knowledge Foundation Prize was presented to the ATLAS physicist at a ceremony on 18 March.   ATLAS physicist George Mikenberg receives the Sharing Knowledge Foundation Prize. From left to right: Peter Jenni, former ATLAS Spokesperson, Rolf Heuer, former CERN Director-General, Frédérick Bordry, CERN Director for Accelerators and Technology, George Mikenberg, Patrick Fassnacht, CERN International Relations sector, Eliane Jacot-Des-Combes Mikenberg, Herwig Schopper, former CERN Director-General, Constantin Lanaras, treasurer of the Sharing Knowledge Foundation, Robert Klapisch, President of the Sharing Knowledge Foundation, Federico Saldana, logistical support, Catherine Cesarsky, Vice-President of the CERN Council, Eliezer Rabinovici, Vice-President of the CERN Council and of SESAME. (Image: Sophia Bennett/CERN) The Sharing Knowledge Foundation awarded its 2016 prize to George Mikenberg, a member of the LHC's ATLAS experiment who has been...

  10. A case of DiGeorge syndrome in Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikovani, M; Kutubidze, T; Khvedeliani, N; Pagava, K

    2011-04-01

    Patient 6 - year- old boy, with history of recurrent otitis, cleft palate, was admitted to the hospital for fever, abdominal pain; He had high ESR,CRP, low T lymphocytes, VSD. Peritoneal fluid was positive for pseudomona aeroginoza. Diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome was confirmed by further genetical study. Immune deficiencies should be considered when infections are severe, persistent resistant to standard treatment, or caused by opportunistic organisms. Treatments can often correct many of the critical and immediate problems associated with DiGeorge syndrome such as heart defects, calcium defects, poor immune system functions and cleft palate. People who had poor immune function as children due to small or missing thymus, may have an increased risk of autoimmune disorders, such as a rheumatoid arthritis and Graves disease. Because DiGeorge syndrome can result in so many disorders, a number of specialists should be involved in diagnosing specific conditions, recommending treatments and providing care.

  11. [Immunogenetic study in a case of DiGeorge syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos Artana, M; Orea Solano, M; Flores Sandoval, G

    1993-01-01

    DiGeorge Syndrome is a congenital immunodeficiency characterized clinically by hypocalcemic tetany, congenital heart disease, unusual facies, and increased susceptibility to infection. Pathologically, the syndrome is marked by the abscence or hipoplasia of the thymus and parathyroid glands as well as cardiac or aortic arch abnormalities. Most patients show partial or complete T cell immunodeficiency and normal or near-normal B-cell immunity. A review is made on a clinical case of DiGeorge syndrome is presented. A 52 days old boy, was admitted through emergency. There was no familial evidence of alcoholism or immunodeficiency. He showed irritability due to hypocalcemia. The examination revealed facial and cardiovascular abnormalities and the immunological investigation revealed hypogammaglobulinemia, deficiency of the cell, CD4 and CD8 decreased and with inverted relation. Chest X ray showed cardiomegaly grade II, and no thymus was seen. The diagnosis of the complete DiGeorge syndrome was based on the abnormalities found.

  12. Niche Differentiation and Prey Selectivity among Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus Sighted in St. George Sound, Gulf of Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel M. Wilson

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Two groups of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus have been identified within St. George Sound, Florida, USA: high site-fidelity individuals (HSF which are individuals sighted multiple times in the region (i.e., ≥2 months, ≥2 seasons, and ≥2 years, and low site-fidelity individuals (LSF, which are individuals sighted fewer than 2 months, in 2 different seasons among 2 different years. Our goal was to determine whether differences in foraging behaviors were correlated with differences in sighting frequency and overall usage of St. George Sound by the two groups. We used carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur stable isotopes and niche hypervolume metrics to model the foodweb of St. George Sound. Mixing model results indicated that croaker, mojarra, pigfish, pinfish, and silverperch were the most important prey items for dolphins. The hypervolume metrics demonstrate niche partitioning between HSFs and LSFs, with the HSFs relying more heavily on pinfish, pigfish, and mojarra, while the LSFs relied more on silverperch. Plankton, benthic diatoms, seagrass, and epiphytes all contributed to secondary production within St. George Sound. This diversity of source utilization by seagrass-associated consumers supported by a high rate of total production likely sustains high secondary productivity despite the potential for competition in this system. Zooplankton was the most important basal source to the system, followed by seagrass and benthic primary production (as indicated by a sanddollar proxy. The reliance of dolphins on seagrass-dependent prey indicates that alteration of seagrass habitat would significantly impact the dolphin community foraging in St. George Sound and suggests that preservation of seagrass habitat is an important component of an effective management strategy for dolphin populations in the region.

  13. Georges Chavanne and the first biodiesel

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article discusses the first production and use of a fuel around 1937 now called biodiesel, which is obtained from a vegetable or plant oil through a straightforward chemical reaction called transesterification. Biodiesel has become an alternative or supplement to conventional diesel fuel derive...

  14. Residential architecture of George Pavlovic Kovalevsky in interwar Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuksanović-Macura Zlata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available George Pavlovic Kovalevsky, architect and urban planner, belongs to the most significant authors who created in the period between the Two World Wars in Belgrade. Yet, his work and life have rarely been the subject of scholarly literature, while the study of his housing projects has been overlooked. This paper discusses housing projects designed by Kovalevsky mainly in collaboration with another Russian architect Vladimir Bilinski. The analysis of the projects is based on original archival plans, documents and photographs. Residential buildings designed during 1921-1923 by these two architects include small single-storey houses, multi-storey building and spacious villas. Although of different surface, volume and shape, they have some common characteristics such as: classical construction, equable aesthetic quality that followed the spirit of the late Secession or the modernized Academicism, and were designed in line with the requirements of the property-owners. Buildings created by Kovalevsky and Bilinski cannot be considered among the most important achievements of the interwar Belgrade residential architecture, but their study is important because it contributes to a better understanding and evaluation of the work of these authors, as well as the overall architectural production of that period. In a broader sense, this paper builds upon general rise in interest in the revaluation of cultural, social and historical values of residential architecture in Belgrade that was created in the late 19th and the first half of the 20th century, as an important segment of the material and immaterial cultural heritage and the identity of the city and contributes to its more adequate interpretation and preservation.

  15. Drug interactions in primary health care in the George subdistrict ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions in primary healthcare clinics in the George subdistrict, to determine which drugs were involved, and to identify associated risk factors. Design: A cross-sectional retrospective folder review was performed. Setting and subjects: Four hundred ...

  16. George Orwell (1903 -1950) - writer, socialist, eccentric and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    George Orwell, born Eric Blair in India in 1903, the third generation of colonial service stock, joined the Indian. Imperial Police in Burma in 1922 after leaving school in. England. Rejecting the racial and cultural barriers of colonial rule he encountered there, he returned to England to become a writer. He became allied to ...

  17. Plea Bargaining: A Recreation of George Orwell's Animal Farm in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Animal Farm is an allegorical novel by George Orwell in which he depicted social injustice precipitated by the insincerity of leadership and the betrayal of the people by their leaders which has made the novel relevant as the experience depicted therein “seamlessly steps into the realities of everyday life” (Achebe 2012) in ...

  18. Parts of Antarctica's King George Island are littered with trash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Mohi

    2013-02-01

    A report released 7 February by ecologists from Germany's Friedrich Schiller University Jena reveals that parts of King George Island, a logistical hub for international research in Antarctica, are home to open pits of trash, decaying field huts, and other forms of pollution.

  19. Legendaarse Georg Otsa elust valmib film / Tuuli Koch, Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Filmi Sihtasutus eraldas eile tootmistoetuse režissöör Peeter Simmi mängufilmile "Georg". Eesti, Venemaa ja Soome ühisprojekt on eluloofilm lauljast (stsenaristid Mati Põldre, Aleksandr Borodjanski), nähtuna tema teise naise Asta Otsa silme läbi

  20. Matvere mängib filmis Georg Otsa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eurovisiooni uudiseid vahendav www.oikotimes.com teatab režissöör Peeter Simmi mängufilmist "Georg", mis on Eesti, Venemaa ja Soome ühisprojekt lauljast (stsenaristid Mati Põldre, Aleksandr Borodjanski). Filmi operaator on Igor Koshevnikov, kunstnik Kalju Kivi, võtted algavad augustis

  1. SShA nuzhna silnaja Jevropa / Georg Schwarte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schwarte, Georg

    2005-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush kohtus Euroopa Komisjoni presidendi Jose Manuel Barroso, EL-i eesistuja Luksemburgi peaministri Jean-Claude Junckeri ja EL-i välispoliitika juhi Javier Solanaga. G. Bush kinnitas kohtumisel, et USA toetab tugevat Euroopa Liitu

  2. The origin of the resurrection idea: A dialogue with George ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a review article on George W E Nickelsburg's book Resurrection, immortality, and eternal life in intertestamental Judaism and early Christianity. The aim of this article is to reflect on the results of Nickelsburg's research with regard to the earliest. Christians' understanding of Jesus' resurrection. Nickelsburg ...

  3. George Henry Hepting: Pioneer Leader in Forest Pathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis B. Cowling; Arthur Kelman; Harry R. Powers

    1999-01-01

    George Henry Hepting grew up in the city environment of Brooklyn, but early in his life developed a deep love and scientific interest in forestry. He became America's most skilled scientist in the theory and practice of forest pathology. He studied how long-lived forest trees, unlike most plants, cope with the long-term changes in their biological, physical, and...

  4. Biography of George Eastman: A Multiple Intelligences Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogle, Jan G.

    This paper describes the life and achievements of businessman, philanthropist, and photographic innovator, George Eastman. Aspects of multiple intelligences theory with regard to Eastman's life are discussed. The paper details Eastman's many and varied successes after a poor childhood and notes that, although he left school at 13 to help support…

  5. Georges Paillard 1932-2004 - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    J'ai eu le plaisir de rencontrer Georges en juillet 1959 au groupe Magnet de la division PS au moment où le centième et dernier aimant venait d'être installé dans l'anneau. Le groupe commençait déjà à s'orienter vers de nouveaux projets et mon premier travail avec Georges consista dans des essais de tubes flash de puissance pour la future chambre à bulles. Ensuite, bien que travaillant dans des domaines différents, mais toujours dans les mêmes divisions, nous ne nous sommes jamais perdus de vue. J'ai rencontré Georges en janvier 1961 au laboratoire d'électronique de la division NPA. Georges avait déjà six ans de CERN : c'était un ancien. Au début, il y eut la chambre à « boules ». Le chef de la division NPA, M. Colin Ramm, australien, éprouvait une certaine difficulté à prononcer le « u » français et une machine classique de la physique nucléaire est devenue l'unique chambre à « boules » jamais construite. Chambre qui connut son heure de gloire puisqu'elle enreg...

  6. Sorose suured soovid / George Soros ; interv. Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soros, George, 1930-

    2006-01-01

    Miljardär ja filantroop George Soros vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema raamatut "Ekslikkuse ajastu", kriitika USA kui maailma korratuse ühe põhjustaja suhtes, terroriohu vähendamist maailmas, avatud ühiskonnast

  7. Drivers Dexterity: George Osodi's Oeuvre on Safety on the Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper attempted a reading of the Nigerian condition using the censure of images culled from an exhibition by the Nigerian photographer George Osodi. Drawing attention to the shapes of the images and imageries that constitute the profile of the condition of a major infrastructure, the road and transportation, I have ...

  8. Beyond the Horizon: An Interview with Anishinabe Artist George Morrison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olbekson, Sam

    1993-01-01

    Anishinabe (Chippewa) artist George Morrison was trained in European art styles and has been influenced by abstract expressionism, surrealism, primitivism, and indigenous art forms. He discusses the recurring horizon line in his works and the relationships between Native and Western artistic styles. (SV)

  9. Humanizing the Humanities: Some Reflections on George Steiner's "Brutal Paradox."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karier, Clarence J.

    1990-01-01

    Considers how literary critic, George Steiner, explores the failure of Western Civilization to humanize humanity. Analyzes Steiner's ultimately elitist model of culture to shed light on implications of his brutal paradox in which Nazism's death camps are juxtaposed to high culture. Theorizes about the possibilities of a culture inclusive of all…

  10. The George Wallace Shooting: News Diffusion and the Sleeper Effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinfatt, Thomas M.; And Others

    Previous studies conclude that the assassination attempt on George C. Wallace was a news event of high, but not maximum, importance, implying that the majority of respondents in any sample would report first learning of the attack via mass media sources. The authors interviewed 144 persons in Ann Arbor, Michigan, regarding their awareness of the…

  11. Wetland change detection and inundation north of lake George ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A remote sensing approach has been adopted to detect seasonal change and inundation in the wetlands north of Lake George, western Uganda that is being impacted by anthropogenic factors. Five Landsat (TM and ETM+) satellite imagery of August 1987, January 1995, September 1999, March 2001 and December 2001 ...

  12. Taxiway aircraft traffic analysis at George Bush Intercontinental Airport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    Serving one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States, the George Bush Intercontinental Airport : (IAH) is among the 10 airports with the longest average taxi-out and taxi-in times. The first part of this report : assesses the congestion...

  13. George F. Root's Normal Musical Institute, 1853-1885

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hash, Phillip M.

    2012-01-01

    George F. Root, Lowell Mason, and William B. Bradbury opened the New York Normal Musical Institute in April of 1853 in New York City. Each term lasted about three months and provided the first long-term preparation program for singing-school masters, church choir directors, private instructors, and school music teachers in the United States.…

  14. Tuning the Self : George Herbert's poetry as cognitive behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Es, Eelco

    2013-01-01

    This book provides a cognitive analysis of the poetry of George Herbert (1593- 1633). From Herbert’s own thinking, recorded in his prose treatises, can be deduced that his poems should serve a specific function: teaching self-knowledge to his readers. Self-knowledge is a necessary skill, to be

  15. Georges et les trésors du cosmos

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Les voisins excentriques de Georges, Annie et Eric, ont déménagé en Floride à l'agence Spatiale Globale. Là-bas, Eric s'occupe de son nouveau robot, Homer, qui doit détécter les signes de vie sur Mars. Mais bientôt, Georges reçoit un e-mail : Annie lui demande de la rejoindre au plus vite pour une " mission cosmique " secrète. La jeune fille est persuadée qu'il se passe de drôles de choses sur Mars, car Homer vient de recevoir un message extraterrestre ! Georges et Anne (avec l'aide d'Emmett, un petit garçon bizarre) décident de réparer Cosmos, leur super-ordinateur, et d'aller voir par eux-mêmes... Emmaillotés dans des combinaisons spéciales, ils se lancent alors dans une fabuleuse chasse aux trésors sur Mars, sur les lunes de Saturne, puis sur Titan, avant de se perdre en orbite autour d'Alpha Centauri B... Mais avant de pouvoir élucider le mystère du message extraterrestre, Georges et Annie devront se livrer à une bataille spatiale acharnée qui mettra leur vie en danger, ainsi que ce...

  16. Festschrift Charpak (Georges) on his 65th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Lehmann, Pierre; Rubbia, Carlo; Saudinos, Jean; CERN. Geneva

    1989-01-01

    On the occasion of the 65th birthday of Georges Charpak and of his retirement, the Director-General and the EP Division invite you to a symposium in his h. Chairman : P. Lehmann. - Opening address : C. Rubbia. - Message from V. Weisskopf. - L. Lederman : Superstrings needs sealing wax. - J. Saudinos : Quelques applications des detecteurs gazeux a la medecine et a la biologie.

  17. The Rhetoric of the Challenger: George Stanley McGovern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Judith S.; Trent, Jimmie D.

    Reasons for George McGovern's presidential election failure are summarized in the context of McGovern's rhetoric as a challenger. Taking the point of view that McGovern abandoned the traditional rhetorical advantages of the challenger, the authors conclude that this abandonment along with the problems of financing, the impression of alignment with…

  18. Reputation, Canon-Formation, Pedagogy: George Orwell in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodden, John

    1991-01-01

    Investigates the process by which books become canonized in British and U.S. schools and universities. Uses the case of George Orwell to examine the institutional and historical factors which condition the inclusion and exclusion of writer's work in Anglo-American classrooms. (SR)

  19. Catalog of the George Alan Connor Esperanto Collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Karin, Comp.; Haake, Susan, Comp.

    This catalog inventories the collection of books, monographs, serials and periodicals, dictionaries, pamphlets, ephemera, and correspondence concerning Esperanto in the collection of George Alan Connor housed at the University of Oregon Library. Overall, the catalog contains approximately 475 serial entries and 3,000 author entries. Connor was a…

  20. Thymus transplantation for complete DiGeorge syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, E Graham; Cheung, Melissa; Gilmour, Kimberly

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Thymus transplantation is a promising strategy for the treatment of athymic complete DiGeorge syndrome (cDGS). METHODS: Twelve patients with cDGS underwent transplantation with allogeneic cultured thymus. OBJECTIVE: We sought to confirm and extend the results previously obtained...

  1. Halitosis - a review | George | South Sudan Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South Sudan Medical Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 1 (2014) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Halitosis - a review. Jacob George. Abstract. No Abstract. Full Text:.

  2. Evolution of George Bush (Junior Administration Politics towards Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A S Safonov

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the process of formation of the U.S. foreign policy towards the Islamic Republic of Iran during the presidency of George Bush (Junior. In the center of attention - the key factors that influenced the American leadership and foreign policy priorities towards Iran.

  3. Comic Book Apologia: The "Paranoid" Rhetoric of Congressman George Hansen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Brant

    1987-01-01

    Analyzes George Hansen's apologetic rhetoric from the perspective of a generic, "paranoid-style" of discourse to show why the Congressman was able to defend his character to the satisfaction of nearly one-half of his constituency. Uses the Hansen case to illustrate the development and function of a rhetorical genre in a given historical context.…

  4. George E. Palade, Cell Biology and The JCB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellman, Ira

    2008-01-01

    On October 7, 2008, the world lost one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century, and modern cell biology lost its founder. George E. Palade, recipient of the Nobel Prize in 1974 for his work that established our basic understanding of cellular organization, died at the age of 95 after a long illness.

  5. Haptophyte DNA and alkenone signatures during a spring algal bloom event in Lake George, ND, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theroux, S.; Huang, Y.; Amaral-Zettler, L.

    2012-12-01

    Lacustrine alkenone records have potential to be valuable sedimentary archives of continental paleotemperature. However, the use of the Uk37 paleotemperature proxy in lake environments is constrained by the genetic diversity of lake-dwelling, alkenone-producing haptophytes. Previous research in Lake George, ND revealed the presence of two alkenone-producing haptophyte species (Hap-A and Hap-B) whose individual contributions to the alkenone sediment record are unknown. To gauge the seasonal abundance of these multiple haptophyte species we used a high-throughput DNA sequencing approach. We collected bi-weekly water samples at three different depths in the photic zone (0m, 5m, 10m) from late April through bloom termination in early August. Using 18S rRNA gene sequences to determine species identity, we compared water sample microbial communities with water sample alkenone signatures. Additionally, we cultivated Lake George haptophyte isolates in pure and mixed cultures to define their Uk37 temperature calibrations. During the course of the seasonal cycle, total concentrations of alkenones demonstrated a distinct peak approximately five weeks after their first appearance in the water column. The peak bloom water samples were characterized by abundant tetraunsaturated (C37:4) alkenones in resemblance to the Lake George sediment records. As the bloom declined, the C37:4 alkenones declined in abundance. This variation in water column alkenone signature was reflected in the relative abundance of Hap-A and Hap-B, with Hap-B dominating during bloom peak. Our culture work determined that these multiple haptophyte isolates required individual Uk37 calibrations that differ from the Lake George in situ Uk37 calibration. Lake George sediment alkenone records are therefore composites of multiple, co-occurring haptophyte temperature records. This study is the first next-generation DNA sequencing effort to analyze the microbial community during a haptophyte bloom, and together with

  6. Master Mentors: Linda Golian-Lui University of Hawaii-Hilo--George Oberle George Mason University, VA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Many movers and shakers inspire admiration and even awe, but those who inspire love are the mentors who have changed lives. That is why many grateful librarians nominated Linda Golian-Lui and George Oberle. Both of them were accidental librarians, work-study students whose supervisors encouraged them to become paraprofessionals, and then…

  7. The Moscow Times kajastab Peeter Simmi filmi "Georg" valmimist / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Seoses sellega, et Peeter Simmi mängufilmi "Georg" võtted toimusid ka Moskvas, kirjutas ajakirjanik Aleksander Braterski pikemalt ka Georg Otsast ning P. Simm räägib samas ka oma filmi kontseptsioonist

  8. George M. Low trophy NASA's quality and excellence award, 1992. Application guidelines: Large business

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The George M. Low Trophy is awarded to current NASA contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers in the aerospace industry who have demonstrated sustained excellence and outstanding achievements in quality and productivity for three or more years. The objectives of the award are to increase public awareness of the importance of quality and productivity to the Nation's aerospace program and industry in general; encourage domestic business to continue efforts to enhance quality, increase productivity, and thereby strengthen competitiveness; and provide the means for sharing the successful methods and techniques used by the applicants with other American enterprises. Information is given on candidate eligibility for large businesses, the selection process, the nomination letter, and the application report.

  9. Georges et les secrets de l'univers

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Galfard, Christophe; Parsons, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Un voyage ex-tra-or-di-naire dans l'Univers! Le jour où Georges rencontre ses nouveaux voisins, il est loin d'imaginer que sa vision du monde va être totalement bouleversée. Chez la jeune Annie et Éric, son scientifique de père, le garçon découvre Cosmos, l'ordinateur le plus perfectionné qui soit. Sa super intelligence permet de protéger Georges et ses amis aux quatre coins de l'Univers ! Hélas, quelqu'un nourrit de sombres projets... et quand on sait qu'il n y a rien de plus dangereux dans l'espace qu'un trou noir, il y a du souci à se faire ! Un roman essentiel sur l'Univers avec les découvertes de Stephen Hawking.

  10. Georges Didi-Huberman, Images malgré tout

    OpenAIRE

    Shafto, Sally

    2008-01-01

    « Pour savoir, il faut s’imaginer. »Georges Didi-Huberman Avec son dernier livre, Images malgré tout, l’historien de l’art et philosophe Georges Didi-Huberman nous livre un texte élégamment écrit et divisé en trois mouvements. Il y a d’abord une réimpression de son article, paru auparavant dans le catalogue, Mémoires des camps. Photographies des camps de concentration et d’extermination nazis 1933-1999. Il s’agit d’une lecture phénoménologique de quatre photographies, prises à Auschwitz en ao...

  11. George Rupert Palmer--DRG carrier and champion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, L; Short, S D

    1999-01-01

    Prompted by the retirement of the distinguished health economist, researcher and academic, Professor George Rupert Palmer, the purpose of this paper is to reflect upon and acknowledge one of his many contributions to health services research and development. By employing a conceptual framework devised by Kimberly and de Pouvourville (1993) for analysis of the diffusion of innovations, this paper argues that Palmer played a crucial role in the diffusion into and within Australia of a particular casemix method, diagnosis related groups (DRGs). Textual and interview evidence presented in the paper supports the identification of George Rupert Palmer as the principal carrier of DRGs into Australia, and as one of its key champions within Australia.

  12. 75 FR 23798 - Boundary Revision at George Washington Carver National Monument

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... National Park Service Boundary Revision at George Washington Carver National Monument AGENCY: National Park... the boundary of George Washington Carver National Monument, Newton County, Missouri, to include..., Superintendent, George Washington Carver National Monument, 5646 Carver Road, Diamond, Missouri 64840, or by...

  13. MEMBEDAH TEORI SOSIOLOGI: Teori Pertukaran (Exchange Theory) George Caspar Homans

    OpenAIRE

    Wardani Wardani

    2016-01-01

    This article is aimed at analyzing critically George Caspar Homans’s theory of exchange. The critical analysis that may be called here simply as “maping ideology” embodied in theory is needed to place the theory within the specific social and political condition, intellectual background, school of thought having great influence on it, and so forth, and also to assesses its limitedness as a theoretical frame-work of scientific research to explain complicated social phenomenon or human interact...

  14. Festschrift Charpak (Georges) on his 65th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Saudinos, Jean; Garwin, Richard L; Uggerhøj, Erik; CERN. Geneva

    1989-01-01

    On the occasion of the 65th birthday of Georges Charpak and of his retirement, the Director-General and the EP Division invite you to a symposium in his h. Chairman : P. Lehmann. - J. Saudinos : Quelques applications des détecteurs gazeux à la médecine et à la biologie. - E. Uggerhøj : New steps in the channeling of relativistic particles. - R. Garwin : Remarks from the non-physical world. - G. Charpak : Final speech.

  15. George Emil Palade: charismatic virtuoso of cell biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tartakoff, Alan M

    2002-11-01

    George Palade has created, shared and passed on a multidisciplinary view of the functional organization, biogenesis and dynamics of organelles. His open-mindedness and tenacity, along with his rigour and sense of intellectual elegance, have been remarkable. This focus on the logic of organelles defined a crucial turning point in biomedical science. The following article sketches Palade's research, as part of a larger community that flourished after the Second World War.

  16. Obituary: George Hamilton Bowen Jr. (1925-2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willson, Lee Anne; Struck, Curtis

    2011-12-01

    Our colleague and collaborator George Hamilton Bowen, Jr., passed away November 1, 2009 in Ames, Iowa. George was born June 20, 1925 in Tulsa, Oklahoma to George and Dorothy (Huntington) Bowen. He married Marjorie Brown June 19, 1948 in Redondo Beach, California; they had five children, with eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren at the time of his death. George H. Bowen's third or perhaps his fourth career was in astronomy. He was drafted into the navy in 1944, at the end of his first year as a student at Caltech, and ended his war-time service as an electronic technician on the aircraft carrier Shangri-La. He later said "In just nine months, starting from scratch (Ohm's law!), we learned an amazing amount - not by memorization, of course, but by study and real understanding of the basic function of the most advanced AC circuits then being used for instrumentation, measurements, communications, control systems, and much more." He gained a confidence that he could quickly and accurately diagnose and solve technical problems that stood him well in future work. One accomplishment he took particular pride in was figuring out how the radar control used cams and gears to solve the trigonometry for accurate pointing. He also described how the captain was alarmed when weather conditions changed so that refraction no longer showed them distant, small boats around the curvature of Earth. After the war, George Bowen returned to undergraduate and eventually graduate study at Caltech, where he was recruited to the biophysics research group headed by future Nobel Laureate Max Delbrück. George often described his joy in working with these first-rate scientists and finding himself accepted as a part of the effort. He finished his BS with honors in 1949 and his PhD in 1953 with a thesis on "Kinetic Studies on the Mechanism of Photoreactivation of Bacteriophase T2 Inactivated by Ultraviolet Light" involving work with E Coli. This work was supported by grants from the U

  17. DiGeorge syndrome with vertebral and rib dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puno-Cocuzza, C.; David, K.; Kogekar, N. [Brooklyn Hospital Center, NY (United States)

    1994-09-01

    DiGeorge syndrome results from defect in the development of the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches, and is characterized by conotruncal heart defects, aplasia or hypoplasia of thymus and parathyroid glands resulting in immune deficiency and hypocalcemia. Other associated abnormalities include renal, thyroid and diaphragmatic defects, oral clefting, etc. Etiologically, it is heterogeneous, with a microdeletion of 22q11 present in over 80% of cases. Our patient was born following a pregnancy complicated by insulin dependent gestational diabetes. There was truncus arteriosus type 2, absense of thymic shadow on CXR with severe deficiency of T cell function, and persistent hypocalcemia with low parathormone. Right kidney was absent. Dysplastic ribs including fused and bifid ribs were noted. Hypoplastic vertebrae and hemivertebrae were present through thoracic and lumbar regions. Chromosome analysis was normal, and metaphase FISH analysis with probe N25 representing locus D22S75 did not show any deletion of 22q11.2. The skeletal findings similar to these have not been previously reported in association with DiGeorge syndrome to our knowledge. Vertebral and rib abnormalities are known to occur with pregestational maternal diabetes. Maternal diabetes has also been suggested to be a possible etiology in a very small proportion of DiGeorge syndrome cases. It is possible that these findings occured together on account of gestational maternal diabetes in our case.

  18. Winter range drift in the George River Caribou Herd: a response to summer forage limitation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Schmelzer

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Space use by the George River caribou herd (GRCH changes in correspondence with migration patterns. The traditional range of this herd encompasses an area of approximately 900 000 km2. Range use is seasonal and includes travel to traditional calving grounds. Winter range use however, is more variable. The GRCH has grown rapidly from 5000 animals in 1954 to approximately 775 000 in 1993. Beginning in the mid 1980s, the calving and summer range habitats of the GRCH have deteriorated, resulting in a decline in physical condition and subsequent poor calf survival and low pregnancy rates. We assessed the importance of the winter range as a food source compensating for poor summer range quality through an evaluation of winter range drift and use intensity. We hypothesized that if winter ranges provide a compensatory source of forage, then George River caribou should avoid sites heavily used during the previous winter at a population level. Winter ranges for the GRCH were calculated using 4300 caribou locations obtained 1986-2000. We found that in spite of a doubling in net range area, the size of annual winter ranges did not increase, indicating the occurrence of range drift. Further, George River caribou exhibited avoidance of wintering areas at several spatial scales. Avoidance occurred across a use threshold, where the degree of use (or density during the previous winter determined the level of avoidance during the subsequent winter. As the spatial scale decreased, the degree of avoidance increased. Caribou significantly avoided areas used the previous winter at spatial scales below and including 245 km2 (corresponding to a 75% use distribution. Results suggest winter foraging allows caribou suspend the effects of density-dependent summer forage limitation on herd productivity. As such, analysis of GRCH population trends should be considered in light of both summer and winter range resources.

  19. Dynamics of a haptophyte bloom in Lake George, ND: Implications for alkenone-based temperature reconstructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theroux, S.; Toney, J. L.; Andersen, R.; Bohn, R.; Nyren, P.; Huang, Y.; Amaral-Zettler, L. A.

    2011-12-01

    Lacustrine alkenone records hold potential to be valuable sedimentary archives of continental paleotemperature. However, uncertainties in alkenone biosynthesis and bloom timing by novel species of lake-dwelling haptophytes hamper the widespread use of this proxy. Our previous research employing molecular ecology techniques on sediments and enrichment cultures revealed the presence of two distinct species of haptophyte in Lake George (LG), North Dakota (46.74°N, 99.49°W). LG sediments contain abundant tetra-unsaturated alkenones, typical of lake records, but it is unclear whether only one of the haptophyte species produces this alkenone signature. During the period from April-July 2011, we returned to Lake George to characterize the LG in situ water column bloom community. We performed bi-weekly sampling of the lake's photic zone to gauge the abundance of haptophyte species and their individual alkenone lipid profiles. Samples were collected at 0m, 5m and 10m depths and analyzed for bulk lipid signatures and DNA concentrations of the two haptophyte species. Group and species-specific Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) probes targeting 18S rRNA determined the abundance of all haptophytes, as well as the novel Lake George haptophyte species (Species OTU8). We also used FISH probes to sort preserved cells from the environmental samples using flow-cytometry. This unique approach allows for the analysis of alkenone lipids from individual haptophyte communities. Using haptophytes isolated from environmental samples, our culture studies have yielded an unexpected diversity in LG haptophyte species and their alkenone production. Here we discuss alkenone concentration variability over the spring bloom period, the competition between multiple haptophyte species, and the implications of our findings on paleoclimate reconstructions using lacustrine alkenones.

  20. Like Father, Like Son? A Comparison of the Foreign Policies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc J. O'Reilly

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aplica aproximaciones cognitivas (por ejemplo, la del liderazgo y poliheurísticas a la toma de decisiones en política exterior para explicar las variaciones en las políticas de George H. W. Bush y George W. Bush. Yuxtaponer estos enfoques relacionados ilustra el cómo y el por qué del proceso  de toma de decisiones de los presidentes estadounidenses, proporcionando un sintético pero más trabajado, análisis en la comprensión de la política exterior, especialmente cuando ésta afecta a las presidencias. La sección inicial del artículo confronta las dos teorías. La siguiente sección examina decisiones importantes a través de estudios de caso (uno por cada administración. La sección final analiza las decisiones dentro del contexto teórico. Mientras que el artículo enfatiza el nivel individual de análisis, factores tanto estructurales como doméstico también serán tenidos en cuenta._______________________ABSTRACT:This article applies cognitive (i.e., leadership and poliheuristic approaches to foreign-policy decision making to explain variances in the policies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. Juxtaposing these related approaches highlights the how and why of presidential decision making, providing a synthetic, though more cogent, understanding of foreign-policy analysis -- especially as it pertains to presidencies. The initial section of the article discusses the two theories. The following section examines important decisions via case studies – one for each administration. The final section analyzes the decisions in the context of the theories. While this article emphasizes the individual level of analysis, structural as well as domestic factors will also be discussed.

  1. George Soros : maailma hädad sünnivad avatuse ja suletuse vastuoludest / George Soros ; interv. Urmet Kook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soros, George, 1930-

    2004-01-01

    George Soros vastab küsimustele, kas postkommunistlikel riikidel oleks olnud mõttekas ja võimalik valida veidi pehmem tee turumajandusele üleminekul, kas ta usub liberaalse demokraatia lõplikku võidukäiku maailmas, millised on suurimad ohud tänapäeva maailma ees, samuti küsimustele demokraatlike riikide alliansi otstarbe ja mahajäänud ühiskondade jaluleaitamise kohta

  2. George Bush peab sõjalist jõudu viimaseks valikuks / George W. Bush ; interv. Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Põhjarannik 7. mai 2005, lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 7. mai, 2005, lk. 2. USA president George Bush andis 5. mail Valges Majas intervjuu kuuele Euroopa ajakirjanikule. 9. mai pidustustest Moskvas, USA-Läti, Venemaa-Balti riikide suhetest, demokraatiast Venemaal, Ameerika Ühendriikide ning Baltimaade viisarežiimist, vabaduse mõistestst, kinnipeetavate kohtlemisest Guantanamo sõjaväebaasis, relvade kasutamise vajadusest, terrorismist. Vt. samas: Kuidas usutlus võimalikuks sai

  3. Origin of clay minerals in Early Eocene volcanic paleosols on King George Island, Maritime Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinola, Diogo Noses; Pi-Puig, Teresa; Solleiro-Rebolledo, Elizabeth; Egli, Markus; Sudo, Masafumi; Sedov, Sergey; Kühn, Peter

    2017-07-25

    The paleoclimate during the Early Eocene in Maritime Antarctica is characterized by cool conditions without a pronounced dry season. Soils formed on volcanic material under such climate conditions in modern analogue environments are usually Andosols rich in nanocrystalline minerals without pedogenic smectite. The paleosols formed on volcanic material on King Georges Island are covered by basalts, dated by 6 new (40)Ar/(39)Ar datings to 51-48 Ma, and are rich in smectite. A pedogenic origin of the smectites would suggest a semi-arid rather than a wet non-seasonal humid paleoclimate. To investigate the origin of the smectites in these paleosols we used X-ray diffraction and microscopic techniques. Minor mineralogical changes between the volcanic parent material and the paleosols and a homogenous distribution of smectites throughout the paleosol horizons indicate that these smectites were mainly inherited from the pyroclastic parent material, which was altered prior to surficial weathering. Nevertheless, the mineralogical properties, such as degree of crystallinity and octahedral site occupancy, of these smectites were modified during the ancient soil formation. Our findings highlight that trioctahedral smectites were a product of deuteric alteration of pyroclastic rocks and were progressively transformed to dioctahedral smectites during weathering in a soil environment on King George Island.

  4. Georg Trakl y la melancolía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Peña-Arroyave

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Se identificaron algunos aspectos determinantes de la obra poética de Georg Trakl, tomando como punto de partida la conciencia del escritor acerca de la muerte de Dios, desde la perspectiva de Nietzsche. Se hizo un énfasis sobre la melancolía, soporte de la creación, testimonio y reconocimiento del errar y el duelo del hombre, a partir de la cual el autor pudo expresar el desconsuelo por la ruina y el ocaso de Occidente.

  5. George Kelly: cognitive psychologist, humanistic psychologist, or something else entirely?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjafield, John G

    2008-11-01

    George Kelly was regarded by some of his contemporaries as a cognitive psychologist and by others as a humanistic psychologist. Kelly himself resisted being rubricized. He did, however, name several people who had been influential in his life and work, one of whom was J.F. Herbart. A comparison of Herbart and Kelly reveals several similarities. Both shared a belief that psychology was fundamentally a mathematical discipline. Both eliminated distinctions usually taken for granted in psychology, such as emotion versus cognition. Reconstructing Kelly's relation to Herbart allows one to see more clearly why Kelly was such a unique figure in 20th century psychology.

  6. Rethinking the Institutional Theory of George Dickie: The Art Circles

    OpenAIRE

    Marko Đorđević

    2016-01-01

    This paper initially revisits the institutional theory of George Dickie, which originated in relation to Arthur Danto’s “The Artworld” and the works of other analytic philosophers dealing with art theory at the time. This contextualization is followed by an attempt at finding possible relations and theoretical developments of Dickie’s work in theorists such as Howard S. Becker and Pierre Bourdieu. The aim is to find basic correlations and differences between Dickie’s theory, Becker’s symbolic...

  7. Rencontre avec Georges Charpak, Prix Nobel de Physique

    CERN Multimedia

    UMR Université, Ecole des Mines, IN2P3/CNRS

    1994-01-01

    L'installation au sein de l'Ecole des Mines de Nantes de L'Unité Mixte de Recherche SUBATECH a été marquée par la "leçon inaugurale" du Prix Nobel. Dans un foisonnant exposé où l'humour et la science s'entrelacent sans cesse, Georges Charpak nous raconte l'aventure de la chambre à étincelles, les évolutions les plus récentes de la médecine nucléaire ... et bien d'autres choses encore ....

  8. Como Georg Simmel chegou à modernidade e lhe permaneceu fiel?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otthein Rammstedt

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available How did Georg Simmel, the “first sociologist of modernity” according to David Frisby, get to know and to conceive modernity? We believe that this happened during the phase in which the author participated in Naturalism – a social movement that had a strong impact on German society and culture. We argue that Simmel was strongly influenced by Naturalism, as many aspects of his theoretical and methodological ideas depend directly on the concept of modernity in the sense given to it by Naturalism.

  9. Georg Trakl y la melancolía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Peña-Arroyave

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Se identificaron algunos aspectos determinantes de la obra poética de Georg Trakl, tomando como punto de partida la conciencia del escritor acerca de la muerte de Dios, desde la perspectiva de Nietzsche. Se hizo un énfasis sobre la melancolía, soporte de la creación, testimonio y reconocimiento del errar y el duelo del hombre, a partir de la cual el autor pudo expresar el desconsuelo por la ruina y el ocaso de Occidente.

  10. Il soggetto al limite. Georges Bataille e le scienze sociali

    OpenAIRE

    Pellarin, Sandro

    2015-01-01

    This thesis studies George Bataille’s oeuvre in the light of its relation to the social sciences. It demonstrates that Bataille aims at providing a theory of revolution, namely of the revolutionary subject, by elaborating a political jargon which is strongly rooted in French sociology. The first part of the thesis analyses the way in which, during the 1930s, the notions of ‘the sacred’, ‘the heterogeneous’, ‘dépense’, ‘transgression’, ‘communication’ and ‘sovereignty’ progressively develop...

  11. Character Metaphors in George Orwell’s Animal Farm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Fajrina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Animal Farm was written by George Orwell in 1944 to criticize the Soviet Union leaders and their administration represented by animal characters. The objective of this study was to find out the resemblances between the character of Soviet Union leaders at the time the novel was written and those depicted in the novel. In analysing the objective of this study, content analysis was used. The data are the dialogues and other information in the novel concerning the metaphors of characters between the Soviet Union leaders of the 20th century and those in Animal Farm. The writer finds out that Jones metaphors Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russian Monarchy, Old Major with his speech metaphors Karl Marx with his Communist Manifesto, Napoleon as Stalin, Snowball as Trotsky, Squealer as Pravda, the Russian Newspaper at that time, Frederick as German and Boxer as the type of gullibility proletariat. Indeed, George Orwell’s timeless work reminds us that totalitarianism could be harmful to one society.

  12. Biographical sketch: Georg Hermann von Meyer (1815-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skedros, John G; Brand, Richard A

    2011-11-01

    This biographical sketch on Georg Hermann von Meyer highlights the interactions in the 1860s that von Meyer, a famous anatomist, had with Karl Culmann, a famous structural engineer and mathematician. The published papers from this interaction caught the attention of Julius Wolff and stimulated his development of the trajectorial hypothesis of bone adaptation--now called "Wolff's Law." The corresponding translations are provided: (1) von Meyer's 1867 paper that highlights the regularity of arched trabecular patterns in various human bones, and his discussions with Culmann about their possible mechanical relevance; and (2) Wolff's 1869 paper that first mentions the correspondence of stress trajectories in a solid, crane-like structure to the arched trabecular patterns in the proximal human femur. This biographical sketch on Georg Hermann von Meyer corresponds to the historic texts, The Classic: The Architecture of the Trabecular bone (by von Meyer), and The Classic: On the Significance of the Architecture of the Spongy Substance for the Question of Bone Growth. A preliminary publication (by Wolff) available at DOIs 10.1007/s11999-011-2041-5 , 10.1007/s11999-011-2042-4 .

  13. Changes in natural mortality of Atlantic cod ( Gadus morhua) on Eastern Georges Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yanjun

    2016-10-01

    The assessment of Eastern Georges Bank cod with the assumption of a constant natural mortality of 0.2 has over-estimated stock productivity, resulting in a severe retrospective pattern since the late 2000s. Comparing relative exploitation rate (ratio of fishery catch at age to survey abundance indices at age) with total mortality calculated from the age distribution in surveys indicated a conflict when constant natural mortality was assumed. This inconsistency implies an increase in natural mortality since the mid-1990s. In this paper, natural mortality estimated by Virtual Population Analysis (VPA) indicated that natural mortality for this stock has increased to 0.8 since the mid-1990s for ages 6+. Potential factors contributing to this elevated natural mortality, including poor fish conditions and increased losses due to seal predation were discussed.

  14. George Kubler Shifting South: Architecture History Following Geopolitics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Santos, Eliana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims to present the shifting relations between North America and the South - South America and the South of Europe - through the work of the historian George Kubler. At the beginning of his career as a scholar, Kubler was invited by the Department of State to participate in a conference on inter-American relations. Later, with the positioning of the United States in World War II, the transatlantic relationship between the US and Europe became more prominent. Kubler’s research interests followed this change: His research shift from South America to peripheral Southern Europe reflects an availability of funding given his country's geopolitical interests. So far, artists and other scholars have praised Kubler’s vast work regarding the art and architecture of different 'Souths' mainly as a sign of 'nonalignment' and of his attention to the condition of peripheral countries.

  15. Map showing landslide susceptibility in Prince Georges County, Maryland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomeroy, J.S.

    1989-01-01

    Prince Georges County was identified during a statewide investigation of landslide susceptibility (MF-2048) as the county with the most serious slope-stability problems. This map uses a ranking system ranging from 1 (nil to very low susceptibility) to 4 (moderate to severe susceptibility). Geologic factors and precipitation are major elements in the initiation of landslides in the county. The Potomac Group and the Marlboro Clay are the most slideprone units. This map should enable users to make a rapid, generalized evaluation of the potential for mass movement. Planners, engineers, soil scientists, geologist, university faculty, and elected officials should find it useful in the assessment of slope hazards for county-wide analyses.

  16. Georges Lemaître Life, Science and Legacy

    CERN Document Server

    Mitton, Simon

    2012-01-01

    The year 2011 marked the 80th anniversary of Georges Lemaître’s primeval atom model of the universe, forerunner of the modern day Big Bang theory. Prompted by this momentous anniversary the Royal Astronomical Society decided to publish a volume of essays on the life, work and faith of this great cosmologist, who was also a Roman Catholic priest. The papers presented in this book examine in detail the historical, cosmological, philosophical and theological issues surrounding the development of the Big Bang theory from its beginnings in the pioneering work of Lemaître through to the modern day. This book offers the best account in English of Lemaître’s life and work. It will be appreciated by professionals and graduate students interested in the history of cosmology.

  17. Presenciando maravillas : Algunas historias de George Simpson en la Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    López, Guillermo Marcos

    2009-01-01

    En un hospital de Tucson, Arizona (USA) en la tarde del sábado 6 de octubre de 1984 muere, a los 82 años, George Gaylord Simpson, para muchos, el más grande paleontólogo del siglo XX. Su cuerpo fue cremado y sus cenizas esparcidas en el desierto de las afueras de esta ciudad que lo albergó en sus últimos años de vida. Se cumplen 25 años de su desaparición física pero su inconmensurable legado científico nos acompaña y nos desafía cada día. Fundación Museo La Plata

  18. George A. Miller, language, and the computer metaphor of mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowther-Heyck, H

    1999-02-01

    This article asks why the analogy between humans and computers was understood by cognitive psychologists to mean that "minds exist and that it is our job as psychologists to study them". Earlier psychologists, such as Clark Hull, used analogies between humans and complex machines such as telephone switchboards to defend a rigorous behaviorism. How, then, did the computer metaphor of mind come to be seen as the root concept underlying a paradigm shift from behaviorism to cognitivism? To answer this question, this article examines the life and work of George A. Miller, one of the most prominent of a generation of psychologists who began their careers as "good behaviorists" but later came to embrace cognitivism.

  19. Passagens sobre o moderno na cidade de Georg Simmel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Ziotti Narita

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho sugere alguns pontos para reflexão sobre o ensaio “As grandes cidades e a vida do espírito” (publicado em 1903, de Georg Simmel. Trata-se, fundamentalmente, de discutir as principais balizas teóricas e conceituais construídas pelo autor para refletir sobre a vida urbana, analisando, a partir das formas das interações sociais, as próprias especificidades da modernidade. Além do citado ensaio, este artigo discute as análises de Simmel à luz de alguns debates sociológicos de seu tempo, tomando como referência o conjunto mais amplo de seus trabalhos e interlocutores.

  20. Rethinking the Institutional Theory of George Dickie: The Art Circles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Đorđević

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper initially revisits the institutional theory of George Dickie, which originated in relation to Arthur Danto’s “The Artworld” and the works of other analytic philosophers dealing with art theory at the time. This contextualization is followed by an attempt at finding possible relations and theoretical developments of Dickie’s work in theorists such as Howard S. Becker and Pierre Bourdieu. The aim is to find basic correlations and differences between Dickie’s theory, Becker’s symbolic interactionism and Bourdieu’s field theory. The final segment consists of linking the interpreted theoretical terms and summing up the possibilities that arise out of them for contemporary art theory.

  1. George Washington Community High School: analysis of a partnership network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bringle, Robert G; Officer, Starla D H; Grim, Jim; Hatcher, Julie A

    2009-01-01

    After five years with no public schools in their community, residents and neighborhood organizations of the Near Westside of Indianapolis advocated for the opening of George Washington Community High School (GWCHS). As a neighborhood in close proximity to the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, the Near Westside and campus worked together to address this issue and improve the educational success of youth. In fall 2000, GWCHS opened as a community school and now thrives as a national model, due in part to its network of community relationships. This account analyzes the development of the school by focusing on the relationships among the university, the high school, community organizations, and the residents of the Near Westside and highlights the unique partnership between the campus and school by defining the relational qualities and describing the network created to make sustainable changes with the high school.

  2. Di sfondo e allo specchio. L’antropologia religiosa di Georg Simmel - There in the background and in the mirror. George Simmel's religious anthropology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mariachiara Spagnolo

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to highlight some shadowed perspectives contained in the Collected Essays on the Sociology of Religion, which include the works published by Georg Simmel from 1898 to 1918...

  3. Improvement in Neurocognitive Manifestations with Short-term Multidisciplinary Intervention in DiGeorge Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalwai, Samir; DeSa, Elyska; Modak, Deepti Kanade; Bondre, Ameya

    2016-09-08

    DiGeorge syndrome involves deletion of chromosomal region 22q11.2. 3-year-old girl presenting with speech delay showed defiant behaviour and sensory concerns. Multidisciplinary intervention with parental counselling improved communication and social skills. Cognitive and behavioral issues in DiGeorge syndrome should be addressed through timely, multidisciplinary intervention.

  4. "Georg" toob filmilinale Eesti ühe põnevaima armastusloo / Karin Klaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klaus, Karin

    2007-01-01

    Peeter Simmi eluloofilm Georg Otsast "Georg" esilinastub täna Eesti, Venemaa ja Soome ühistööna. Filmi kohta avaldab arvamust selle stsenarist Mati Põldre. Oma tööst filmis räägib selle üks kunstnikke Mare Raidma

  5. Early-onset psychosis in an adolescent with DiGeorge syndrome: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) was first described in 1829 by Dr Angelo DiGeorge. DGS is a cluster of symptoms because of a defect in the development of the pharyngeal pouch. Evidence from cytogenetic studies has linked the pathogenesis of DGS with a deletion of a gene located in chromosome 22-band 22q11. In most ...

  6. Primary Productivity (PP_Master)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set included primary production for each subregion in the study (Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine, Southern New England, Middle Atlantic Bight) . The data came...

  7. George Orwell's Animal Farm: A metonym for a dictatorship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Sewlall

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell’s Animal Farm is traditionally read as a satire on dictatorships in general, and the Bolshevik Revolution in particular. This article postulates the notion that the schema of the book has attained the force of metonymy to such an extent that whenever one alludes to the title of the book or some lines from it, one conjures up images associated with a dictatorship. The title of the book has become a part of the conceptual political lexicon of the English language to refer to the corruption of a utopian ideology. As an ideological state, Animal Farm has its vision, which is embedded in its constitution; it has the vote, a national anthem and a flag. It even has its patriots, double-dealers, social engineers and lechers. In this way the title Animal Farm, like Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, or Thomas More’s Utopia, functions metonymically to map a conceptual framework which matches the coordinates of the book. The article concludes with a look at contemporary society to show how Orwell’s satire endorses the words of Lord Acton, namely, that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

  8. George Marinesco in the Constellation of Modern Neuroscience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Opris

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available George Marinesco is the founder of Romanian School of Neurology and one of the most remarkable neuroscientists of the last century. He was the pupil of Jean-Martin Charcot in Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, France, but visited many other neurological centers where he met the entire constellation of neurologists of his time, including Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal. The last made the preface of Nervous Cell, written in French by Marinesco. The original title was “La Cellule Nerveuse” and is considered even now a basic reference book for specialists in the field. He was a refined clinical observer with an integrative approach, as could be seen from the multitude of his discoveries. The descriptions of the succulent hand in syringomyelia, senile plaque in old subjects, palmar jaw reflex known as Marinesco-Radovici sign, or the application of cinematography in medicine are some of his important contributions. He was the first who described changes of locus niger in a patient affected by tuberculosis, as a possible cause in Parkinson disease. Before modern genetics, Marinesco and Sjögren described a rare and complex syndrome bearing their names. He was a hardworking man, focused on his scientific research, did not accepted flattering of others and was a great fighter against the injustice of the time.

  9. Narrative and epistemology: Georges Canguilhem's concept of scientific ideology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chimisso, Cristina

    2015-12-01

    In the late 1960s, Georges Canguilhem introduced the concept of 'scientific ideology'. This concept had not played any role in his previous work, so why introduce it at all? This is the central question of my paper. Although it may seem a rather modest question, its answer in fact uncovers hidden tensions in the tradition of historical epistemology, in particular between its normative and descriptive aspects. The term ideology suggests the influence of Althusser's and Foucault's philosophies. However, I show the differences between Canguilhem's concept of scientific ideology and Althusser's and Foucault's respective concepts of ideology. I argue that Canguilhem was in fact attempting to solve long-standing problems in the tradition of historical epistemology, rather than following the lead of his younger colleagues. I argue that Canguilhem's 'refurbishment without rejection' of Bachelard's epistemology, which the concept of scientific ideology was aimed to implement, was necessary to justify the historical narratives that Canguilhem had constructed in his own work as a historian of concepts. A strict acceptance of Bachelard's epistemology would have made it impossible to justify them. Canguilhem's concept of scientific ideology therefore served as a theoretical justification of his practice as a historian. I maintain that the concept of scientific ideology was needed to reconcile Bachelard's normative epistemology with Canguilhem's view of the history of science and its aims, which differed from Bachelard's more than it is generally acknowledged. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Fab Four: When John and George Play Gravitation and Cosmology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.-P. Bruneton

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Scalar-tensor theories of gravitation attract again a great interest since the discovery of the Chameleon mechanism and of the Galileon models. The former allows reconciling the presence of a scalar field with the constraints from Solar System experiments. The latter leads to inflationary models that do not need ad hoc potentials. Further generalizations lead to a tensor-scalar theory, dubbed the “Fab Four,” with only first and second order derivatives of the fields in the equations of motion that self-tune to a vanishing cosmological constant. This model needs to be confronted with experimental data in order to constrain its large parameter space. We present some results regarding a subset of this theory named “John,” which corresponds to a nonminimal derivative coupling between the scalar field and the Einstein tensor in the action. We show that this coupling gives rise to an inflationary model with very unnatural initial conditions. Thus, we include the term named “George,” namely, a nonminimal, but nonderivative, coupling between the scalar field and Ricci scalar. We find a more natural inflationary model, and, by performing a post-Newtonian analysis, we derive the set of equations that constrain the parameter space with data from experiments in the Solar System.

  11. The story of George Huntington and his disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalyan B Bhattacharyya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available George Huntington described some families with choreiform movements in 1872 in the United States of America and since then many such families have been described in other parts of the world and works on the genetics of the disease have brought new vistas in the understanding of the disease. In 1958, Americo Negrette, a young Venezuelan physician observed similar subjects in the vicinity of Lake Maracaibo which was presented by his co-worker, Ramon Avilla Giron at New York in 1972 when United States of America had been commemorating the centenary year of Huntington′s disease. Nancy Wexler, a psychoanalyst, whose mother had been suffering from the disease attended the meeting and organized a research team to Venezuela and they systematically studied more than 18,000 individuals in order to work out a common pedigree. They identified the genetic locus of the disease in the short arm of chromosome 4 and observed that it was a trinucleotide repeat disorder.

  12. C-2000 design of Prince George Native Friendship Centre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-07

    An energy efficient and environmentally responsible C-2000 four-storey building was constructed in Prince George, British Columbia to be used as a Native Friendship Centre. The C-2000 requirements mean that the building will cost 33 per cent less to operate than a conventional building designed to ASHRAE 90.1 standards. The many innovative features of the building`s energy system were described. The use of mechanical cooling in the building was avoided. Items such as high performance low-e coating on window glazing, high performance window frames, and exterior shading were used to minimize cooling requirements and ensure occupant comfort. Envelope insulation was optimized to provide maximum energy efficiency. A compartmentalized HVAC system with fan coil technology was used to maintain optimum supply temperatures with minimum amount of reheat required. Energy efficient lighting fixtures were used throughout the building. Environmental considerations taken into account during construction, such as using recycled material wherever possible, maintaining indoor air quality by reducing materials with a tendency to off gas emissions, low emission carpets and adhesives were also described. The building has a life expectancy of 100 years. The cementitious outer cladding and the sloping metal roof are rated to last at least 50 years. tabs., figs.

  13. GEORG GRODDECK: "THE PINCH OF PEPPER" OF PSYCHOANALYSIS(.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poster, Mark F; Hristeva, Galina; Giefer, Michael

    2016-06-01

    The life and works of Georg Groddeck are reviewed and placed in historical context as a physician and a pioneer of psychoanalysis, psychosomatic medicine, and an epistolary style of writing. His Das Es concept stimulated Freud to construct his tripartite model of the mind. Groddeck, however, used Das Es to facilitate receptivity to unconscious communication with his patients. His "maternal turn" transformed his treatment approach from an authoritarian position to a dialectical process. Groddeck was a generative influence on the development of Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Erich Fromm, and Karen Horney. He was also the mid-wife of the late-life burst of creativity of his friend and patient Sándor Ferenczi. Together, Groddeck and Ferenczi provided the impetus for a paradigm shift in psychoanalysis that emphasized the maternal transference, child-like creativity, and a dialogue of the unconscious that foreshadowed contemporary interest in intersubjectivity and field theory. They were progenitors of the relational turn and tradition in psychoanalysis. Growing interest in interpsychic communication and field theory is bringing about a convergence of theorizing among pluralistic psychoanalytic schools that date back to 1923 when Freud appropriated Groddeck's Das Es and radically altered its meaning and use.

  14. George Borrow, Luis de Usoz y sus respectivos vocabularios gitanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignasi Xavier Adiego

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article the relationship between the Gypsy vocabulary of George Borrow’s book The Zincali (1841 and the manuscript vocabulary of Luis de Usoz y Río is analysed. Against former interpretations, that pointed to an original character of Usoz’s work and to its use by Borrow as a source for his own vocabulary, an alternative hypothesis is formulated here: ‘Usoz’s vocabulary’ was elaborated also by Borrow, who intended to add it to his translation of Luke’s Gospel (1838. This was not possible due to the opposition of the Biblical Society of London, responsible for publishing the translation. Later, this first Caló dictionary compiled by Borrow served him as a starting point for the definitive vocabulary of The Zincali. However, this does not minimize the importance of Usoz’s manuscript, because around hundred words found in this vocabulary are missing for unknown reasons from the vocabulary of The Zincali.

  15. MEMBEDAH TEORI SOSIOLOGI: Teori Pertukaran (Exchange Theory George Caspar Homans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wardani Wardani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is aimed at analyzing critically George Caspar Homans’s theory of exchange. The critical analysis that may be called here simply as “maping ideology” embodied in theory is needed to place the theory within the specific social and political condition, intellectual background, school of thought having great influence on it, and so forth, and also to assesses its limitedness as a theoretical frame-work of scientific research to explain complicated social phenomenon or human interaction. Influenced by psychological and economic theories, Homans’s theory of exchange has been intended at the beginning by the author as attack against Marxism domination that addressed criticism to capitalism as macro-structure oppressing the proletariat by the ruling class and against Durkheimian structural functionalism. By addressing the attack against Marxism and because of his intellectual and social background, Homans’s theory then has been regarded as an explanation justifying the existing situation. Being attributed as psychological reductionism, as neglecting the important role of structure, and deterministic are some of the objections addressed to his theory.

  16. Learning from eponyms: George F. Odland and Odland bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv Joshi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Odland bodies (lamellar bodies are small sub-cellular structures of size 200-300 nm that are present in the upper spinous and granular cell layers of the epidermis. These act as processing and repository areas for lipids that contribute to the epidermal permeability barrier. They also contain proteases, cathepsin D, kallikrein and other proteins including corneo-desmosins. Recent information also credits them with a role in the local innate immune response as they contain beta 2 defensins, which are anti-microbial peptides with potent activity against Gram-negative bacteria and candida. Odland bodies are important for maintaining homeostasis of the epidermis and are involved in epidermal permeability barrier function, desquamation of keratinocytes, formation of the cornified envelope and in local anti-microbial immunity. This article reviews the structure and functions of these bodies with a brief biography of George F. Odland who first described these bodies in 1960 and whose name is eponymically associated with them.

  17. Speedup and fracturing of George VI Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. O. Holt

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available George VI Ice Shelf (GVIIS is located on the Antarctic Peninsula, a region where several ice shelves have undergone rapid breakup in response to atmospheric and oceanic warming. We use a combination of optical (Landsat, radar (ERS 1/2 SAR and laser altimetry (GLAS datasets to examine the response of GVIIS to environmental change and to offer an assessment on its future stability. The spatial and structural changes of GVIIS (ca. 1973 to ca. 2010 are mapped and surface velocities are calculated at different time periods (InSAR and optical feature tracking from 1989 to 2009 to document changes in the ice shelf's flow regime. Surface elevation changes are recorded between 2003 and 2008 using repeat track ICESat acquisitions. We note an increase in fracture extent and distribution at the south ice front, ice-shelf acceleration towards both the north and south ice fronts and spatially varied negative surface elevation change throughout, with greater variations observed towards the central and southern regions of the ice shelf. We propose that whilst GVIIS is in no imminent danger of collapse, it is vulnerable to ongoing atmospheric and oceanic warming and is more susceptible to breakup along its southern margin in ice preconditioned for further retreat.

  18. Studien zum "Horrendum Bellum Grammaticale" des Justus Georg Schottelius (1673): Vorstellung des Dissertationsvorhabens / Tuomo Fonsén

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fonsén, Tuomo, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    Autori dissertatsioonist, mis tutvustab Justus Georg Schotteliuse ladinakeelset allegoorilist saksa keele grammatikat ja keeleajalugu käsitlevat tööd 17. sajandist. Schottelius, Justus Georg. Horrendum Bellum Grammaticale Teutonum antiquissimorum [...]. Braunschweig : [s.n.], 1673

  19. Evaluation of antimicrobial resistance among Salmonella and Shigella isolates in the University Hospital "St. George," Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrov, Michael M; Petrova, Atanaska; Stanimirova, Irina; Mircheva-Topalova, Marina; Koycheva, Lalka; Velcheva, Rayna; Stoycheva-Vartigova, Mariana; Raycheva, Ralitsa; Asseva, Galina; Petrov, Petar; Kardjeva, Velichka; Murdjeva, Marianna

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this work is to study the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance to the most commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of acute gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella and Shigella at the largest Bulgarian hospital-University Hospital "St. George," Plovdiv-for the period 2009-2013. Two hundred ninety strains were in vitro tested for resistance to 15 antimicrobial agents. The presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) was demonstrated by a variety of specialized tests. For comparison, a collection of 28 strains submitted by the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) "Enteric Infections" at the National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (NCIPD), Sofia, was also tested for the production of ESBLs. In isolates, phenotypically demonstrated as ESBL producers, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of the genes bla-CTX-M, bla-SHV, and bla-TEM was performed. Among the 290 tested isolates, only two- Salmonella serotype Livingstone and Shigella flexneri-were phenotypically proven to be ESBL producers. Only 4 strains from the collection of 28, submitted from the NRL "Intestinal Infections" in NCIPD, Sofia, were phenotypically confirmed as ESBL producers. The presence of the bla-CTX-M gene was detected in all of the tested strains (4 from NRL, NCIPD, Sofia, and 2 from the University Hospital St. George, Plovdiv), the bla-SHV gene only in strain S. Livingstone from Plovdiv, and the bla-TEM gene in two from Sofia and one (again S. Livingstone) from Plovdiv. In conclusion, Salmonella and Shigella isolates from patients hospitalized at the University Hospital St. George, Plovdiv, with acute gastroenteritis demonstrate good susceptibility to the most commonly used antibiotic agents, including azithromycin.

  20. Georges Canguilhem and the development of Brazilian Public Heatlh field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo de Carvalho Mesquita Ayres

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Historical epistemology has played an important role in the development of modern Brazilian Public Health or “Saúde Coletiva” (Collective Health. Born as an academic search for new conceptual foundations of a social committed field of scientific knowledge, as well as a social political movement against civil-military dictatorship implanted in Brazil in 1964, the so called Brazilian Sanitary Reform Movement found in the French historical epistemology, particularly in the works of Georges Canguilhem, a powerful ally. This paper aims to revisit the main features of this relationship, focusing in particular the inaugural works of Sergio Arouca and Cecília Donnangelo and the Health Work Process Theory as developed in the Department of Preventive Medicine of the Medical School of the University of São Paulo. The discussion is centered in the way Canguilhem’s philosophical concepts, such as the normative character of life and of its knowledge, the qualitative discontinuity between normal and pathological phenomena and the value oriented definition of health on one hand, and on the other hand, Canguilhem’s historiographical method, focused on the rational development of concepts as the core subject of the historical-epistemological research, the acknowledge of “external” influences over scientific developments, such as social and technological conditions, and the positive role attributed to obstacles, failures and accidents in the progress of a scientific discipline were all crucial to promote the intertwining of the political and academic goals of the Movement and still remain a challenging element for the development of the philosophical and historical reflections of the field of “Saúde Coletiva”.

  1. Philosophy of War in Georges Bataille’s Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zygmont Aleksei

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers various conceptualisations of war in works by the French philosopher Georges Bataille as well as their relationship with the notion of the sacred. It is suggested that this philosopher was the first to propose such formulation of the problem that emerged at the intersection of two interrelated views, namely the one about the decline of the sacred in the modern world and about the essential difference between World War ΙΙ and all previous wars. The latter view had made possible speculations as to the “sacred” character of this war. Tracing the development of the philosopher’s views on this subject from the 1930s to 1960s, the paper suggests that he consistently condemns war as an armed political conflict and contrasted it with religious perception of life and with free movement of violence in the forms of revolution, tragedy, and sacrifi ce, thus denying the sacred character of the war. Nevertheless, arguing against the so-called “modern” war, which appears pragmatic, mechanised, profane and threatening humankind with complete devastation, he contrasts it with two other — sacred — types of war. The first is “archaic” war. Its significance is much closer to that of sacrifi ce. It transfigures the human being by putting the latter in the proximity to death. The second is “spiritual fight”, the battle against his or her own subjectivity. Bataille borrowed this conception from Catholic mysticism of the Middle Ages. These different views on war arise from the multifaceted personal experience of the philosopher himself.

  2. Genetic variability of Colobanthus quitensis from King George Island (Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Androsiuk Piotr

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis is one of the flowering plant species considered native to maritime Antarctica. Although the species was intensively analyzed towards its morphological, anatomical and physiological adaptation to local environment, its genetic variability is still poorly studied. In the presented study, a recently developed retrotransposon-based DNA marker system (inter Primer Binding Site – iPBS was applied to assess the genetic diversity and differentiation of C. quitensis populations from King George Island (South Shetland Islands, West Antarctic. A total of 143 scoreable bands were detected using 7 iPBS primers among 122 plant specimens representing 8 populations. 55 (38.5% bands were found polymorphic, with an average of 14.3% polymorphic fragments per primer. Nine of all observed fragments were represented as a private bands deployed unevenly among populations. Low genetic diversity (on average He = 0.040 and I = 0.061 and moderate population differentiation (FST = 0.164 characterize the analyzed material. Clustering based on PCoA revealed, that the populations located on the edges of the study area diverge from the central populations. The pattern of population differentiation corresponds well with their geographic location and the characteristics of the sampling sites. Due to the character of iPBS markers, the observed genetic variability of populations may be explained by the genome rearrangements caused by mobilization of mobile genetic elements in the response to various stress factors. Additionally, this study demonstrates the usefulness of iPBS markers for genetic diversity studies in wild species.

  3. Georges Marinesco (1863-1938): neurologist, neurohistologist and neuropathologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catala, M; Poirier, J

    2012-01-01

    Gheorghe Marinescu (Georges Marinesco, in French) is a Romanian physician, founder of the School of Neurology in that country. He begins his medical studies in Bucharest, then has the opportunity to reach Paris and join the School of Neurology in La Salpêtrière Hospital, lead by Jean-Martin Charcot. This trip will forever imprint the mind of Marinescu, a great friend of France, a respectful student of Charcot and a friendly colleague of many Parisian neurologists. Marinescu's works are multiple and very important. He describes the succulent hand in syringomyelia and the palmar-jaw reflex. Marinescu is also one of the first to use the cinema for medical purposes. His work as an anatomo-clinician, a method developed by Charcot, is important. We denote the description of the locus niger affected by tuberculosis in a case of parkinsonism (this description paving Etienne Brissaud's way to highlight the anatomical origin of Parkinson's disease), the original clinical description of Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, and that of medullomyoblastoma. Marinescu is also a famous neurocytologist as evidenced by his work, La Cellule Nerveuse, published in 1909. The first volume of the book is devoted to the aspects of the normal nervous tissue: the neurofibrillar network, the chromatophilic elements, and the paranucleolar corpuscles (now known as Marinescu's bodies). The second volume of the book is almost related to features revealed by experimental lesions: chromatolysis and neuronophagia. Furthermore, Marinescu describes with Oscar Blocq, small nodules than are now regarded as the first description of senile plaques.

  4. Spatial Vegetation Data for George Washington Birthplace National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile is an vegetation map of George Washington Birthplace National Monument, VA. It was developed by The Virginia Department of Conservation and...

  5. Field Plot Points for George Washington Birthplace National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile shows the location of vegetation sampling plots used for vegetation classification and mapping at George Washington Birthplace National Monument.

  6. Tantsõ ljubvi i ognja / Georg Kodusaar ; interv. Inessa Kollom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kodusaar, Georg

    2000-01-01

    Tantsustuudio "La Ronda" bailatiino õpetaja Georg Kodusaar flamencost, selle õppimisest ja bailatiinost, kui uuest ladina-ameerika tantsustiilist, mille alla käivad mambo, salsa, merenge, samba ja tsha-tsha

  7. Mida teha, et rohkem noori õpetajaks hakkaks? / Merit Paist, Georg Aher, Eimar Veldre, Monika Sillang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Tallinna Ülikooli vastuvõtuspetsialist Merit Paist, koolitamis- ja nõustamiskeskuse Hared juhatuse liige Georg Aher, Tallinna Ülikooli üliõpilased Eimar Veldre ja Monika Sillang

  8. Georg R. R. Martin: "Jää ja tule laul" filmi ei mahu / intervjueerinud Hendrik Alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martin, George R. R., 1948-

    2011-01-01

    USA telekanali HBO telesarjast "Troonide mäng", George R. R. Martini "Jää ja tule laulu" sarja esimese raamatu "Troonide mäng" teleekraniseeringust. Sarja esimene osa esilinastus USA-s 17. aprillil

  9. Social Movements Against Racist Police Brutality and Department of Justice Intervention in Prince George's County, Maryland

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hutto, Sr, Jonathan W; Green, Rodney D

    2016-01-01

    Racist police brutality has been systemic in Prince George's County, Maryland. The victims include African Americans, the mentally challenged, and immigrant populations, creating a complex and uneven public health impact...

  10. Business Ethics & Other Paradoxes, Jimmy Winfield, George Hull and Greg Fried : review article

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Flockemann, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Business Ethics & Other Paradoxes by Jimmy Winfield, George Hull and Greg Fried is an attempt to demonstrate how careful philosophical analysis can help us resolve a number of deep ethical questions revolving around...

  11. George M. Low Trophy NASA's Quality and Excellence Award, 1992. Application guidelines: Small business

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Guidelines are given for the selection of small business candidates for the George M. Low Trophy, NASA's Quality and Excellence Award, 1992. Topics covered include candidate eligibility, the selection process milestone schedule, the nomination letter, and the application report.

  12. Eesti kriminaalõiguse arenguteed : kolmveerand sajandit esimese kriminaalseadustiku vastuvõtmisest / Georg Ambach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ambach, Georg, 1952-2006

    2004-01-01

    Karl Saarmannist ja tema teesidest seoses karistusseadustikuga ja tegevusest kriminaalreformi läbiviimisel. Karistusseadustiku eelnõu väljatöötamisest. Mag. iur. Georg Ambach on professor Karl Saarmanni Seltsi juhatuse esimees

  13. RESIDENTS' PERSPECTIVES TOWARDS CONSERVATION IN GEORGE TOWN WORLD HERITAGE CITY: A POST-UNESCO LISTING SCENARIO

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yoke Mui Lim; Suet Leng Khoo; Kean Sing Ch'ng

    2014-01-01

      Being inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage City since 2008, this scenario calls into question the voices, the participation and the aspirations of George Town residents themselves in the process...

  14. Analyzing Street Art to Present the Heritage of George Town, Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sadatiseyedmahalleh, Seyedehelham; Rahman, Suraiyati; Abdullah, Aldrin

    2015-01-01

    Street art comprises all kinds of art developed in public locations. This form of art has spread to all heritage streets in George Town, the capital of Penang Island, which is also a known UNESCO World Heritage Site...

  15. Raamidest välja mõtlemine pole piisav / Gabor George Burt ; interv. Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burt, Gabor George

    2006-01-01

    Juhtimisstrateegia Blue Ocean Strategy eestkõneleja Gabor George Burti sõnul tuleb edu saavutamiseks keskenduda kliendile ning tegeleda personaalselt kliendi jaoks sobiva lahenduse loomisega. Kommenteerib Priit Põldoja

  16. The philosophical poetics of George Steiner. A rhetoric and dramatic reading of Antigones

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Armando Pego Puigbó

    2013-01-01

    In the work of George Steiner Antigones plays a singular role. It is his book more philological in a classical sense, offering simultaneously a view over the 19th and 20th century philosophical reception of the Sophocles’ tragedy...

  17. Children's Access to Public Library Services: Prince George's County Memorial Public Library, Maryland, 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhardt, Lillian N.

    1981-01-01

    Evaluates the Prince George's County Memorial Public Library's approach to providing access to its services for children, and examines policies, regulations, practices, and conditions that affect such access. Six references are cited. (FM)

  18. La comunità della tragedia. Georges Bataille e gli «anni Trenta

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tommaso Tuppini

    2013-01-01

    Tragedy became the explicit focus of only a few essays by Georges Bataillle. In spite of this fact, tragedy is one of his most enduring speculative obsessions, especially during his violent intellectual experiences in the Thirties...

  19. George Orwell and Modern Science Fiction: The Legacy of Big Brother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Fred

    1984-01-01

    Discusses George Orwell's lack of influence on modern science fiction and presents a selected annotated bibliography of modern science fiction materials depicting a wide variety of totalitarian societies. (MBR)

  20. Vanim humanistlik album amicorum Eestis : Alciato "Embleemid" Georg Locameruse reisialbumina / Katre Kaju, Kristi Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Katre, 1974-

    2014-01-01

    Varastest reisialbumitest. Georg Locamerusest ja reisialbumi sisseseadmisest. Locameruse reisialbumi raamatuloolistest ja paleograafilistest aspektidest. Reisialbumist kui selektiivse ja idealiseeritud sotsiaalse võrgustiku peegeldajast. Albumi keelelisest ja kirjanduslikust profiilist. Reisialbumi teekonnast Tartu ülikooli raamatukokku. Editeerimispõhimõtetest

  1. Muusika : Viiulivirtuoos Kanadast. Holland Music Sessionsi stipendiaadid. "Jazzkaar" Georg Otsa jälgedes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Estonia kontserdisaalis esineb ERSO ees tippviiuldaja Lara St. John. Holland Music Sessions'i meistrikursustele pääses konkursi korras kuus eesti noort muusikut. Vene Draamateatris 17. III toimuvast kontserdist "Georg Otsa jälgedes"

  2. Seasonal variability of sea-surface temperature fronts on Georges Bank1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavor, Timothy P.; Bisagni, James J.

    Sea-surface temperature (SST) fronts, extracted from archived (1985-1996) advanced very high-resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data, are determined in the Georges Bank region. Resulting frontal locations clearly show the tidal mixing front on Georges Bank. The probability of detecting an SST front at an individual pixel on Georges Bank is presented as a monthly climatology. Variations in the probability, position, and associated water depth of SST fronts in the Georges Bank region show the development of the tidal mixing front during the summer, as well as the presence of a persistent front near the shelfbreak. From the 12-yr time series of fronts, 144 individual monthly frontal probability images are decomposed into the mean frontal position and empirical orthogonal functions (EOF) using singular value decomposition (SVD). Spatial and temporal information from the first EOF mode reveals the seasonal development of the tidal mixing front. Spatial patterns associated with the first mode also reveal the winter occurrence of fronts on the Northeast Peak area of Georges Bank, which is most likely associated with Scotian Shelf Water flow across the Northeast Channel. The second mode also indicates the development of the "hot spot" often observed over Georges Bank during the late summer and early fall. Further evidence indicates that the mean position of detected SST fronts on southern Georges Bank changes approximately 10 km on-bank from late-spring to mid-summer. Monthly mean positions are also compared to the distribution of Simpson and Hunter's (1974) tidal mixing parameter, with resultant positions compared to historical stratification at those locations. Comparison of detected SST fronts to historical hydrographic data on Georges Bank points to the fronts being located in increasingly stratified water from May through August.

  3. EAARL Topography - George Washington Birthplace National Monument 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, John C.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Wright, C. Wayne; Stevens, Sara; Yates, Xan

    2009-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived bare earth (BE) and first surface (FS) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network, Kingston, RI; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the George Washington Birthplace National Monument in Virginia, acquired on March 26, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL

  4. Understanding dissolved organic matter reactivity in a global context: tribute to Dr. George Aiken's many contributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKnight, Diane

    2017-04-01

    As Dr. George Aiken emphasized throughout his distinguished research career, the diversity of sources of dissolved organic material (DOM) is associated with a diversity of dissolved organic compounds with a range of chemistries and reactivities that are present in the natural environment. From a limnological perspective, dissolved organic matter (DOM) can originate from allochthonous sources on the landscape which drains into a lake, river, wetland, coastal region, or other aquatic ecosystem, or from autochthonous sources within the given aquatic ecosystem. In many landscapes, the precursor organic materials that contribute to the DOM of the associated aquatic ecosystem can be derived from diverse sources, e.g. terrestrial plants, plant litter, organic material in different soil horizons, and the products of microbial growth and decay. Yet, through his focus on the underlying chemical processes a clear, chemically robust foundation for understanding DOM reactivity has emerged from Aiken's research. These processes include the enhancement in solubility due to ionized carboxylic acid functional groups and the reactions of organic sulfur groups with mercury. This approach has advanced understand of carbon cycling in the lakes of the Mars-like barren landscapes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica and the rivers draining the warming tundra of the Arctic.

  5. And the Word Becomes Flesh: Georges Didi-Huberman’s Symptom in the Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chari Larrson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1990 French art historian and philosopher Georges Didi-Huberman announced he would undertake what he termed an ‘aesthetics of the symptom’. What exactly this symptomatic approach may mean for art history has often been overlooked in appraising his historiographic project. This essay traces the trajectory of Didi-Huberman’s retrieval of the Freudian symptom in relation to Honoré de Balzac’s 1831 short story The Unknown Masterpiece.While Frenhofer’s failed portrait of his mistress Catherine Lescault has long symbolised the irrecoverable gulf between reality and artifice, model and copy, I argue there is an alternative way of imagining Lescault beyond the terms of mimetic failure by drawing on Didi-Huberman’s aesthetics. If it is possible to recast Frenhofer’s masterpiece not as unsuccessful imitation, but as a successful presentation of the human body, as is proposed in the 1985 book La peinture incarnée, the terms of this aesthetic production need to be re-examined in light of Didi-Huberman’s reception in English. With its origins located in Sigmund Freud’s early studies of hysteria, the attendant issues of overdetermination and the pan of the image provide an entry point into Didi-Huberman’s critique of mimesis and his particular approach to art history.

  6. George Desvallières et la Grande Guerre George Desvallières and the First World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Ambroselli de Bayser

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available George Desvallières (1861-1950 took part in the 1914-18 War as battalion commander with the “Bataillon Des Vosges”, and depicted its tragic history on his return from the front. From 1883, he became a fully recognised artist with his painting being presented at all major Paris exhibitions. Founder, Vice-President, then President of the “Salon d’Automne”, he became known as a discoverer of young talents, and obtained recognition for both cubists and fauvists. At the start of the First World War, Desvallières joined up as a volunteer. Very quickly his men acknowledged him to be an unsurpassed leader, and demanded of his superiors that he be kept in his post, which was at first only a temporary appointment. Desvallières led his “chasseurs” across the Alsatian mountains for four years with determination, courage and a kindness recognised by all on the front. In March 1915, his seventeen-year- old son Daniel was killed in action a few miles away from his father. This loss affected him deeply, but thanks to his convert’s faith, he was able to sublimate this terrible ordeal. All his post-war work is centred on the theme of the soldier’s sacrifice for his country, which he assimilates to the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross. Some of his canvases are directly related to the War and to his son’s death, and his impressive wall-paintings on a similar theme made a profound impact on contemporary public opinion. The “Drapeau du Sacré-Coeur” (Banner of the Sacred Heart at the Church of Notre Dame de Verneuil (1919 was the starting point for these murals. There followed such monumental works of pictorial expression as the Saint Privat Chapel in the Gard region (1920-1925, which will be discussed in this paper, the stained-glass windows at the Douaumont Ossuary (1927, the decoration of Wittenheim Church in Alsace (1929-1931, the Chapel of the Cité Saint Yves (1931 and the Way of the Cross at the Holy Spirit Church (1935 in Paris.*

  7. Geoscience Education and Cognition Research at George Mason University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattietti, G. K.; Peters, E. E.; Verardo, S.

    2009-12-01

    Cognition research in Geoscience is the focus of a small group of faculty from the College of Science and the College of Education and Human Development at George Mason University. We approached this research when we were involved in an Institution-wide effort to assess critical thinking, one of the competencies mandated for evaluation by the State Council of Higher Education of Virginia. Our group started spontaneously and informally from personal interests and enthusiasm for what and how our students are learning about Geology and in general about science. We want to understand what our students bring to the course, their attitude towards science, their knowledge of the scientific enterprise and preconceived ideas—and what our students take away from the course, beyond the course content. We believe that, with the support of cognitive science, we can improve the learning experience and therefore enhance the learning outcomes for science and non-science majors alike. Our Institution offers introductory Physical and Historical Geology classes populated primarily by non-science-major undergraduates. Geology lectures range in size from 90 to over 220 students per session per semester, with laboratory sessions averaging 27 students per session. With this large student population, it is necessary to use research tools that give us valuable information about student cognition, while being efficient in terms of time use and logistics. Some examples of our work include critical readings on Geoscience topics, surveys on students’ understanding of science as a way of knowing, exercises with built-in self-efficacy assessments, and concept mapping. The common denominator among these tools is that they are calibrated to address one or more of the higher levels in the revised Bloom’s Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain, which form a complex assessment of student learning processes. These tools, once refined, can provide us with a better view of how our students learn in

  8. Biological monitoring at St. George Island, Alaska in 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The specific monitoring goals in 2009 were to estimate productivity and/or population parameters for seven indicator species representing four major feeding guilds:...

  9. Biological monitoring at St. George Island, Alaska, 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The specific monitoring goals in 2012 were to estimate productivity and/or population parameters for six indicator species representing three major feeding guilds:...

  10. Analyzing Street Art to Present the Heritage of George Town, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedehelham Sadatiseyedmahalleh

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Street art comprises all kinds of art developed in public locations. This form of art has spread to all heritage streets in George Town, the capital of Penang Island, which is also a known UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, instead of its heritage, food, and interesting past life and structure, the rapid multiplication of street art in George Town has created a new and unusual art that attracts tourists. Street art has spread to small roads and heritage streets in the city. This art increases the awareness of spectators by introducing them to the rich history of these streets and inducing a lively concept in the inner city of George Town. Accordingly, the impact of iron rod sculptures and murals, which comprises approximately 90% of street art in George Town, were determined to explore and identify the effects of this street art on this world heritage site. The findings were obtained from 263 out of 306 questionnaires accomplished by tourists in George Town. The results confirm that tourists prefer murals over iron rod sculptures. Iron rod sculptures are designed to tell the history of the street, whereas murals are designed to create aesthetic value. The findings indicated that similar to iron rod sculptures, more control should be exercised on the subjects of murals.

  11. As cidades imaginárias de Italo Calvino e Georges Perec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilma Castelo Branco Diniz

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Uma leitura comparativa dos romances As cidades invisíveis, de Italo Calvino, e W ou Le souvenir d’enfance, de Georges Perec, com o objetivo de mostrar o emprego de duas formas diversas de narrar que manifestam uma nova ordem do discurso: a heterogeneidade dos jogos de linguagem.Palavras-chave: Literatura italiana; Italo Calvino; As cidades invisíveis; literatura francesa; Georges Perec; W ou Le souvenir d’enfance; literatura comparada; narrativa; discurso.Résumé: Une lecture comparative des romans As cidades invisíveis, di Italo Calvino, et W ou Le souvenir d’enface, de Georges Perec, dans le but de montrer l’emploi de deux formes narratives diverses qui manifestent un nouvel ordre du discours: l’hétérogéneité des jeux de langage.Mots-clés: Littérature italienne; Italo Calvino; Les villes invisibles; littérature française; Georges Perec; W ou Le souvenir d’enfance; littérature comparée; narrative; discours.Keywords: Italian literature; Italo Calvino; Le città invisibili; French literature; Georges Perec; W ou Le souvenir d’enfance; comparative literature; narrative; discourse.

  12. O médico George Thomson e os primeiros desenvolvimentos do conceito de gás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porto Paulo Alves

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The word gas was coined by the "chemical philosopher" Joan Baptista Van Helmont (1579 -- 1644 to name a very broad concept in his chemico-medical system. Eventually, some physicians who followed Helmontian ideas adopted the concept. The present paper aims to analyze the reception of the original idea of gas by an English Helmontian physician, George Thomson (1619 -- 1677. Thomson wrote that the "material cause" of the plague was a gas, and compared it to the "Gas of sulphur". He also related the human archeus to a gas, and explained some observations in the laboratory in terms of production of gases. We observe, however, that Thomson was not as interested as Van Helmont in discussing details about the structure of the matter. Thus, gas did not have the same relevance in Thomson's work as it had in Van Helmont's.

  13. Retinal vascular tortuosity in DiGeorge syndrome complicated by solar retinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Niro, Jennifer E; Randhawa, Sandeep; McDonald, H Richard

    2013-01-01

    To report a case of vascular tortuosity associated with DiGeorge syndrome that was complicated by solar retinopathy. Case report and literature review. A 56-year-old woman with DiGeorge syndrome with secondary schizophrenia and developmental delay presented with decreased vision that was worse in her left eye. Ocular examination revealed bilateral retinal vascular tortuosity involving both the arteries and veins. Both eyes had an abnormal foveal light reflex with a central yellowish hue, which was more pronounced in the left eye. Optical coherence tomography showed disruption of the photoreceptor inner segment-outer segment junction and retinal pigment epithelium centrally, which was also more prominent in the left eye. DiGeorge syndrome is associated with retinal vascular tortuosity in a large percentage of patients. The patient's decreased vision is likely caused by solar retinopathy (prolonged sun gazing as a result of the secondary schizophrenia and developmental delay).

  14. The First Case Report in Italy of Di George Syndrome Detected by Noninvasive Prenatal Testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Rapacchia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Panorama Plus (Natera, a single-nucleotide polymorphism- (SNP- based approach that relies on the identification of maternal and fetal allele distributions, allows the detection of common aneuploidies and also incorporates a panel of 5 microdeletions including Di George syndrome. We report here the first case of Di George syndrome detected by NIPT in Italy; blood was drawn at 12 weeks’ gestation. The patient had an amniocentesis to confirm the diagnosis by MLPA (multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and an ultrasound aimed to detect the features associated with the syndrome. A right aortic arch and suspect of thymus atrophy were detected, but not other severe malformations typical of the disease. The patient terminated the pregnancy at 17 weeks. NIPT allowed an early screening of Di George syndrome. As the patient was at low risk, it is likely that an ultrasound would have missed the condition.

  15. The Mason Water Data Information System (MWDIS): Enabling data sharing and discovery at George Mason University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, C.; Da Silva, A. L.; Nunes, A.; Haddad, J.; Lawler, S.

    2014-12-01

    Enabling effective data use and re-use in scientific investigations relies heavily not only on data availability but also on efficient data sharing discovery. The CUAHSI led Hydrological Information Systems (HIS) and supporting products have paved the way to efficient data sharing and discovery in the hydrological sciences. Based on the CUAHSI-HIS framework concepts for hydrologic data sharing we developed a unique system devoted to the George Mason University scientific community to support university wide data sharing and discovery as well as real time data access for extreme events situational awareness. The internet-based system will provide an interface where the researchers will input data collected from the measurement stations and present them to the public in form of charts, tables, maps, and documents. Moreover, the system is developed in ASP.NET MVC 4 using as Database Management System, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2, and hosted by Amazon Web Services. Currently the system is supporting the Mason Watershed Project providing historical hydrological, atmospheric and water quality data for the campus watershed and real time flood conditions in the campus. The system is also a gateway for unprecedented data collection of hurricane storm surge hydrodynamics in coastal wetlands in the Chesapeake Bay providing not only access to historical data but recent storms such as Hurricane Arthur. Future research includes coupling the system to a real-time flood alert system on campus, and besides providing data on the World Wide Web, to foment and provide a venue for interdisciplinary collaboration within the water scientists in the region.

  16. RECORDANDO LA ESTRATEGIA DE SEGURIDAD DE GEORGE W.BUSH EN LA ERA DE DONALD TRUMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Llanos Sierra

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la estrategia de seguridad del presidente George W. Bush y su posible vinculación con el comportamiento internacional de Donald Trump, ahondando en las similitudes de ambos casos, tanto en sus objetivos como contexto internacional. Sobre la base del accionar de Trump durante los primeros meses de su mandato, este trabajo sugiere que el actual mandatario estadounidense está desarrollando, y consolidará, una estrategia de seguridad sustentada en principios, valores y objetivos comparables a aquellos defendidos por George W. Bush a inicios del presente siglo.

  17. Flood risk analysis model in the village of St. George/Danube Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armas, I.; Dumitrascu, S.; Nistoran, D.

    2009-04-01

    River deltas may have been cradles for prehistoric civilizations (Day et al. 2007) and still represent favoured areas for human habitats on the basis of their high productivity, biodiversity and favourable economical conditions for river transport (Giosan and Bhattacharya 2005). In the same time, these regions are defined through their high vulnerability to environmental changes, being extremely susceptible to natural disasters, especially to floods. The Danube Delta, with an area of 5640 km2, is the largest ecosystem of the European humid zones. Its state reflects environmental conditions at both local and regional levels via liquid and solid parameters and has to ensure the water supply for the local economy and communities. Flooding of the delta is important for the dynamics of the entire natural system. Floods sustain both alluvial processes and the water supply to deltaic lakes. In addition, flooding frequency is important in flushing the deltaic lake system water, ensuring a normal evolution of both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. For human communities, on the other hand, floods are perceived as a risk factor, entailing material damage, human victims and psychological stress. In the perspective of risk assessment research, every populated place faces a certain risk engaged by a disaster, the size of which depends on the specific location, existent hazards, vulnerability and the number of elements at risk. Although natural hazards are currently a main subject of interest on a global scale, a unitary methodological approach has yet to be developed. In the general context of hazard analysis, there is the need to put more emphasis on the problem of the risk analysis. In most cases, it focuses only on an assessment of the probable material damage resulted from a specific risk scenario. Taking these matters into consideration, the aim of this study is to develop an efficient flood risk assessment methodology based on the example of the village of St. George in

  18. "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

    OpenAIRE

    Arnswald, Ulrich [Rez.

    2001-01-01

    Besprechung "Reinhart Koselleck / Hans-Georg Gadamer (Hrsg.): Historik, Sprache und Hermeneutik – Eine Rede und eine Antwort. Herausgegeben zum 100. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Gadamer. Mit einem Nachwort von Hans-Peter Schütt."

  19. Teaching a Classic for All Ages: Fairy Tales and Stories of George MacDonald.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Glenn Edward

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the life and writings of George MacDonald (1824-1905). Suggests that the most striking feature of MacDonald's children's books is his sensitivity toward spiritual values and the power of change within the lives of his characters. Appends a list of questions to stimulate student response to MacDonald's writings. (RS)

  20. George W. Bush tunnistas Riias USA süüd Balti riikide okupeerimisel / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    USA president George W. Bush kritiseeris Riias peetud kõnes Jalta lepingut, mis jättis kolm Balti riiki Nõukogude Liidu mõjuvõimu alla. Lisad: Bush kutsus vähemusi austama; Bushi visiidist Riiga kujunes Läti võidukäik. Vt. samas: USA president õhutas Balti riike edendama maailmas demokraatiat

  1. Tuning in to High-Fidelity Interventions: A Conversation with George Sugai

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teagarden, Jim; Zabel, Robert; Kaff, Marilyn

    2016-01-01

    George Sugai is the Carole J. Neag Endowed Chair in Behavior Disorders in the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut. He previously served on the faculty at the University of Oregon and the University of Kentucky. At Connecticut, Dr. Sugai and colleagues established the Center for Behavioral Educational and Research…

  2. Genetic Modifiers of the Physical Malformations in Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome/DiGeorge Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Vimla S.; Morrow, Bernice E.

    2008-01-01

    Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome (VCFS/DGS), the most common micro-deletion disorder in humans, is characterized by craniofacial, parathyroid, and thymic defects as well as cardiac outflow tract malformations. Most patients have a similar hemizygous 3 million base pair deletion on 22q11.2. Studies in mouse have shown that "Tbx1", a…

  3. Comparative analysis of the attitudes and perceptions of three types of lake george boaters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nancy A. Connelly; Tommy L. Brown; Timothy Holmes; Michael White

    2007-01-01

    The experiences and concerns of three types of Lake George recreational boaters were assessed to see if different levels of investment and experience with the lake lead to potentially different perceptions and concerns regarding congestion, overcrowding, and safety hazards on the lake. Mail questionnaires were sent out in the summer/fall of 2005 to the three types of...

  4. The work of George Rosen: observations on a very small sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susser, M

    1980-01-01

    A sampling of the work of George Rosen-physician, public health worker, medical historian, sociologist, and teacher--is presented to illustrate his method of relating historical development ot the material conditions of both past and present. The material circumstances which nurtured Rosen's Marxist philosophical perspective are traced.

  5. Assessing the Debt: George W. Bush's Legacy and the Future of Public Education under Barack Obama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Means, Alex; Taylor, Kendall

    2010-01-01

    This article utilizes Gloria Ladson-Billings' notion of educational debt in order to explore the historical, economic, and cultural politics of education reform under George W. Bush and Barack Obama. It tracks the No Child Left Behind Act across a number of fields in order to claim that Bush's expansion of the educational debt should be understood…

  6. Giving Psychology Away: How George Miller's Vision Is Being Realised by Psychological Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banyard, Philip; Hulme, Julie A.

    2015-01-01

    In George Miller's famous address to the American Psychological Association in 1969 he explored the aims and future direction of psychology. Psychology could develop as a professional elite that develops specialised knowledge that experts can hold on to or it could aim to "give psychology away" and to allow the general public access to…

  7. From Myth to Reality: Humanities Study at Prince George's Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engleberg, Isa N.

    In 1989, Prince George's Community College (PGCC) received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to support a 4-week summer seminar in Greek mythology for humanities faculty. The seminar, entitled "The Nature and Function of Greek Mythology," provided enough financial compensation to free the faculty from summer school teaching,…

  8. Family Life and Human Development (Sex Education): The Prince George's County Public Schools Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffer, Michael J.

    1981-01-01

    The Prince George's County schools' sex education program for grades K-12 was developed and implemented in the late 1960s and has three focus areas: family life and interpersonal relationships; the physiological and personality changes during puberty; and advanced physiology and psychology of human sexual behavior. The program augments what the…

  9. The life and work of George Boole a prelude to the digital age

    CERN Document Server

    MacHale, Desmond

    2014-01-01

    This book, aimed at the general reader and now available again, is the first full-length biography of George Boole (1815–1864) who has been variously described as the founder of pure mathematics, one of the fathers of computer science and discoverer of symbolic logic.

  10. Outside in America: George Michael's music video, public sex and global pop culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooijman, J.

    2004-01-01

    Six months after his controversial arrest for ‘lewd conduct’ at a men’s public restroom in Beverly Hills, British pop star George Michael released the song and music video ‘Outside’ which can be seen as an explicit commentary on the controversy. In this article, I read the music video in three ways:

  11. Fluids associated with hydrothermal dolomitization in St. George Group, western Newfoundland, Canada

    OpenAIRE

    J. Conliffe; K. Azmy; S. A. Gleeson; D. Lavoie

    2010-01-01

    Dolomite reservoirs are increasingly recognized as an important petroleum exploration target, although the application of a hydrothermal dolomite exploration model to these reservoirs remains controversial. The St. George Group of western Newfoundland consists of a sequence of dolomitised carbonates, with significant porosity development (up to 30%) and petroleum accumulations. Fluid inclusion microthermometry and bulk fluid leach analyses indicated that fluids responsible for matrix dolomiti...

  12. Survey of the Oyster Regions of St. Vincent Sound, Apalachicola Bay, and St. George Sound, Florida

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — An oyster survey was conducted at St. Vincent Sound and St. George Sound in1896, and the results of the survey are presented in this report. The object of the survey...

  13. Remarks by president Bush and president Ilves, June 24, 2007 / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide president George W. Bush ja Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves annavad lühiülevaateValge Maja ovaalkabinetis peetud kõnelusest, mille põhiteemadeks olid olukord Afganistanis ja Iraagis, viisavabadus ning küberrünnakud. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 25.-26.06.2007

  14. George W. Bush kaotas esimese televäitluse / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    USA telekanalil näidati esimest televäitlust tagasivalimist taotleva presidendi George W. Bushi ja demokraatide kandidaadi John F. Kerry vahel. Lisa: 32 lehekülge reegleid; Iraagi sõjas on hukkunud 1052 USA sõjaväelast

  15. 33 CFR 110.182 - Atlantic Ocean off Fort George Inlet, near Mayport, Fla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Inlet, near Mayport, Fla. 110.182 Section 110.182 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... off Fort George Inlet, near Mayport, Fla. (a) The Anchorage areas—(1) Anchorages for aircraft carriers... of the U.S. Naval Station, Mayport, Fla. (b) The regulations for all designated areas. (1) Usage of...

  16. Lenguaje y cacoutopía en la novela 1984 de George Orwell

    OpenAIRE

    Maggiori, Luis

    2015-01-01

    El artículo analiza la novela 1984 de George Orwell, tomando como referencia las categorías lenguaje y cacoutopía, para de esta manera, estableciendo vinculaciones internas y externas a la obra y al contexto. Centro de Investigación en Lectura y Escritura (CILE)

  17. From George Washington Carver to the genome: leveraging genetics and molecular biology to improve soybean

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 1904, George Washington Carver studying the composition of soybeans concluded that they are a valuable source of protein and oil. He proposed that rotating soybeans with other crops would replenish the soil with nitrogen and minerals for 2 years. His findings brought soybeans into the mainstream ...

  18. Education, Democracy, and Social Discourse: A Contemporary Response to George S. Counts and Boyd H. Bode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, William J.

    2013-01-01

    Education, once known as the "great equalizer," is now being called to task for its tendency to disenfranchise and to legitimate inequality due to its obedience to the tenets of capitalism. Two of the nation's greatest educational thinkers, George S. Counts and Boyd H. Bode provided "instructions" for parents and teachers…

  19. Striding Out in the Opposite Direction: The Journalism Career of George Samuel Schuyler, Iconoclast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleener, Nickieann

    Written in a biographical framework, an overview of George Samuel Schuyler's life and his career in journalism is presented in this paper. The preparation that Schuyler had for his career, the positions within journalism he held, and the major writing projects he undertook are discussed. The question of whether there is anything unique or…

  20. The Relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's Concept of Tradition to the Philosophy of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leiviskä, Anniina

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Anniina Leiviskä argues that the educational relevance of Hans-Georg Gadamer's concept of tradition has remained unacknowledged because of the conservatism that has been associated with Gadamer's hermeneutics, particularly his notion of tradition. Therefore, Leiviskä seeks to reveal the reflective, nonconservative nature of…

  1. What Color Is Your Dog? Taking a Cue from Artist George Rodrigue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compton, June

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a lesson he created for his second-grade classes which was inspired by the children's book, "Why is Blue Dog Blue?", by George Rodrigue. In this lesson, the students make associations between places, food and events to determine the color of their dogs. (Contains 3 resources.)

  2. An initial attempt at least auklet productivity sampling at St. George Island, Alaska in 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A large proportion of the world's population of least auklets (Aethia pusilla) breeds on the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (AMNWR; Sowls et al. 1978)....

  3. Läti presidendi suures etenduses mängis peaosa hoopis Ameerika riigipea George W. Bush / Urmo Soonvald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soonvald, Urmo, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi külaskäigust Riiga. Vt. samas: Rüütel üritas Bushi külla kutsuda; Küsimus president Georg W. Bushile; Reklaamiagentuur 100 000 krooniga Bushi ja USA-meelsuse vastu

  4. Rose George: Deep Sea and Foreign Going: Inside Shipping, the Invisible Industry that Brings you 90% of Everything

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taudal Poulsen, René

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: Rose George: Deep Sea and Foreign Going: Inside Shipping, the Invisible Industry that Brings you 90% of Everything. London :Portobello Books, 2013. 320 pp. ISBN 9781846272639......Book review of: Rose George: Deep Sea and Foreign Going: Inside Shipping, the Invisible Industry that Brings you 90% of Everything. London :Portobello Books, 2013. 320 pp. ISBN 9781846272639...

  5. George Gershwin -- a case of new ways in neurosurgery as well as in the history of Western music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasenzer, Elena; Neugebauer, Edmund A M

    2014-06-01

    George Gershwin, the famous American composer, died in 1937 of a temporal lobe glioma. An emergency surgery was performed by R. Nafziger and W. E. Dandy. The case of George Gershwin indicates the beginning of a new era in music history as well as in the history of neurosurgery.

  6. 33 CFR 334.650 - Gulf of Mexico, south of St. George Island, Fla.; test firing range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gulf of Mexico, south of St. George Island, Fla.; test firing range. 334.650 Section 334.650 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF....650 Gulf of Mexico, south of St. George Island, Fla.; test firing range. (a) The danger zone. A fan...

  7. 78 FR 39016 - Office of Presidential Libraries; Proposed Disposal of George H.W. Bush and Clinton...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ...) Presidential Remarks On-Line (Library application providing access to public statements and speeches). As... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Office of Presidential Libraries; Proposed Disposal of George H.W. Bush and Clinton...: Presidential Records Act Notice of Proposed Disposal of George H.W. Bush and Clinton Administration Disaster...

  8. Planktonic hydroids on Georges Bank: ingestion and selection by predatory fishes1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avent, Sean R.; Bollens, Stephen M.; Butler, Mari; Horgan, Erich; Rountree, Rodney

    Planktonic colonial hydroids ( Clytia gracilis) recently have been found to be abundant, but patchily distributed in time and space, on Georges Bank, northwest Atlantic Ocean. However, the processes regulating the occurrence of these hydroid colonies (i.e., seasonality, growth, advection, diffusion, sinking, and predation) are not well understood. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the potential role of predation by fish upon the unattached hydroids. The two components of this study were (i) analyses of historical fish trawl surveys and stomach contents data collected in the coastal northwest Atlantic Ocean (including Georges Bank), and (ii) laboratory experiments testing for the presence of selective feeding by juvenile cod ( Gadus morhua) on hydroids relative to two co-occurring planktonic copepods ( Calanus finmarchicus and Centropages hamatus). We found that 32 and 11 species of fish ingested hydroids in the coastal northwest Atlantic Ocean and Georges Bank, respectively, during 1973-1990. However, hydroids were rarely an important part of the diet of these fishes. The most important predator of these cnidarians on Georges Bank was winter flounder, with 28.0% of its population having ingested hydroids, with a mean % (by weight) of hydroids in the diet of 4.1%, during 1973-80. Laboratory experiments indicated juvenile cod ingested planktonic hydroids, but overwhelmingly preferred either of the two copepods as prey. While field and laboratory results indicated that a wide variety of fishes feed on hydroids, we concluded that emergences and disappearances of planktonic hydroids on Georges Bank are not greatly impacted by fish predation. Other factors, in particular physical processes (i.e., advection, diffusion, and sinking), seasonal cycles of activity and inactivity, and predation by invertebrates, should be examined.

  9. La politique commerciale de George W. Bush : rupture ou continuité ? American Trade Policy under George W. Bush: Continuity or Change?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Baptiste Velut

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se propose de dresser un bilan critique de la politique commerciale du Président George W. Bush. Dans un premier temps, il compare les perspectives idéologiques et les ambitions politiques du leader républicain à celles de son prédécesseur démocrate, Bill Clinton, avant de mettre l’accent sur les nouvelles données du contexte politique et économique des années 2000. Ces éléments introductifs serviront de fondations, d’une part, pour l’étude de la gestion des relations commerciales entre les États-Unis et leurs principaux partenaires économiques, et d’autre part pour l’analyse de la stratégie de « libéralisation compétitive » adoptée par George W. Bush aux niveaux multilatéral, régional et bilatéral. L’objectif est double : déterminer les lignes de rupture et de continuité entre le président républicain et son prédécesseur ; et établir un bilan des principales initiatives commerciales lancées par l’administration Bush dans le but de mieux comprendre les nouveaux défis intérieurs et internationaux auxquels son successeur sera confronté.This article offers a critical assessment of American trade policy under George W. Bush. It begins by comparing his views and political ambitions with those of his Democratic predecessor, Bill Clinton, before highlighting the new political and economic context of the 2000s. These elements provide crucial background, first to study the evolution of America’s relations with its top trading partners and second to analyze the strategy of “competitive liberalization” undertaken by the administration at the multilateral, regional and bilateral levels. This article has two objectives: 1 determining trends of continuity and change between George W. Bush and his predecessor; 2 assessing the trade policy initiatives undertaken by the Republican administration in order to understand the domestic and international challenges with which the next President

  10. Productivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spring, Martin; Johnes, Geraint; Hald, Kim Sundtoft

    Productivity is increasingly critical for developed economies. It has always been important: as Paul Krugman puts it, “Productivity isn’t everything, but in the long run it is almost everything. A country’s ability to improve its standard of living over time depends almost entirely on its ability...... to raise its output per worker”(Krugman, 1994). Analyses of productivity have, by and large, been the preserve of economists. Operations Management (OM) is rooted in a similar concern for the efficient use of scarce resources; Management Accounting (MA) is concerned with the institutionalised measurement...... and management of productivity. Yet the three perspectives are rarely connected. This paper is a sketch of a literature review seeking to identify, contrast and reconcile these three perspectives. In so doing, it aims to strengthen the connections between policy and managerial analyses of productivity....

  11. The erudite humility of the historian: the 'critical epistemology' of Georges Lantéri-Laura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basso Lorini, Elisabetta

    2017-06-01

    This paper analyses the historical and epistemological work of the French psychiatrist Georges Lantéri-Laura (1930-2004) within the context of the French 'tradition' of history and philosophy of sciences, with special reference to Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault. After an introduction devoted to a critical survey of the most recent works on the history and historiography of psychiatry in French, the paper outlines Lantéri-Laura's approach by focusing especially on the role played by the methodological concept of 'semiology' as regards the relation between medicine and psychiatry. The last part of the paper draws attention to the relation between the history and philosophy of psychiatry in light of Lantéri-Laura's 'critical epistemology'.

  12. Georg Schmidt und die Frage der künstlerischen Werte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Fayet

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available As a theorist and curator, the Swiss art historian Georg Schmidt (1896-1965, director of the Kunstmuseum Basel from 1939 to 1961, developed a decidedly normative approach to art history, based on a philosophy which measures history in terms of social and artistic progress. This normative axiom also governs Schmidt's theory of realism, a concept he associates with "concern for reality" and progressive, democratic views, but not with formal considerations. His notion of kitsch, directly derived from this theory, broadly corresponds to what Schmidt calls "idealistic naturalism", a varnished depiction of reality which applies the formal devices of naturalism. Unlike contemporaries such as Konrad Farner and Georg Lukács, Schmidt combines a sociological with a psychological perspective, a method reflected in the monograph of 1942 on Ferdinand Hodler.

  13. Long-range Interactions, Stochasticity and Fractional Dynamics Dedicated to George M Zaslavsky (1935–2008)

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, Albert C J

    2011-01-01

    In memory of Dr. George Zaslavsky, "Long-range Interactions, Stochasticity and Fractional Dynamics" covers the recent developments of long-range interaction, fractional dynamics, brain dynamics and stochastic theory of turbulence, each chapter was written by established scientists in the field. The book is dedicated to Dr. George Zaslavsky, who was one of three founders of the theory of Hamiltonian chaos. The book discusses self-similarity and stochasticity and fractionality for discrete and continuous dynamical systems, as well as long-range interactions and diluted networks. A comprehensive theory for brain dynamics is also presented. In addition, the complexity and stochasticity for soliton chains and turbulence are addressed. The book is intended for researchers in the field of nonlinear dynamics in mathematics, physics and engineering. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA. Dr. Valentin Afraimovich is a Professor at San Luis Potosi University, Mexico.

  14. Georges-Paul Dieulafoy (1839-1911) and the first description of "exulceratio simplex"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karamanou, Marianna; Fiska, Aliki; Demetriou, Thespis; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Professor Georges Dieulafoy is considered to be an outstanding clinician who played a leading role in medicine during the 19th century. He invented the well-known Dieulafoy aspirator, he described a triad for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and he tried to bridge the gap between internal medicine and surgery. This article presents in details the first description of "exulceratio simplex" that bears his name.

  15. Georges-Paul Dieulafoy (1839-1911) and the first description of “exulceratio simplex”

    OpenAIRE

    Karamanou, Marianna; Fiska, Aliki; Demetriou, Thespis; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Professor Georges Dieulafoy is considered to be an outstanding clinician who played a leading role in medicine during the 19th century. He invented the well-known Dieulafoy aspirator, he described a triad for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and he tried to bridge the gap between internal medicine and surgery. This article presents in details the first description of “exulceratio simplex” that bears his name.

  16. Georges-Paul Dieulafoy (1839-1911) and the first description of “exulceratio simplex”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karamanou, Marianna; Fiska, Aliki; Demetriou, Thespis; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Professor Georges Dieulafoy is considered to be an outstanding clinician who played a leading role in medicine during the 19th century. He invented the well-known Dieulafoy aspirator, he described a triad for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and he tried to bridge the gap between internal medicine and surgery. This article presents in details the first description of “exulceratio simplex” that bears his name. PMID:24713721

  17. GS o mirar los cuerpos sociales y emociones desde Georg Simmel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Aguiluz Ibargüen

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pone de relieve los vínculos existentes entre las claves de Georg Simmel sobre la constitución de lo social y la socialidad respecto a los cambios tecnológicos, arreglos culturales, campos discursivos y estructuras de percepción que se entretejieron alcanzando la vida social de las ciudades europeas y de los circuitos moderno-capitalistas del siglo XIX.

  18. 33 CFR 334.520 - Lake George, Fla.; naval bombing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: Beginning at latitude 29°13′16″, longitude 81°34′28″; thence along a line parallel to the navigation channel to latitude 29°20′05″, longitude 81°36′15″; thence along a line about three-fifths mile southerly... ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.520 Lake George, Fla...

  19. Interactions between surface waters in King George Island, Antarctica - a stable isotope perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perşoiu, Aurel; Bădăluşă, Carmen

    2017-04-01

    In this paper we present a first study of the isotopic composition of surface waters in the southern peninsulas (Barton, Fildes, Weaver and Potter) of King George Island, Antarctica. We have collected > 200 samples of snow and snowmelt, water (lake, river and spring), ice (glacier ice and permafrost) from the four peninsulas in February 2016 and analyzed them for their oxygen and hydrogen stable isotopic composition. Samples from lake water (50+) indicate a clear west-east depletion trend, suggesting a rain-out process as air masses are moving westward (and are progressively depleted in heavy isotopes) from their origin in the Drake Passage. In both Fildes and Barton Peninsulas, permafrost samples have the heaviest isotopic composition, most probably due to preferential incorporation of heavy isotopes in the ice during freezing (and no fractionation during melting). As permafrost melts, the resulting water mixes with isotopically lighter infiltrated snowmelt, and thus the groundwater has a lower isotopic composition. Further, lake and river (the later fed by lakes) water has the lightest isotopic composition, being derived mostly from the melting of light snow and glacier ice. It seems feasible to separate isotopically water in lakes/rivers (largely fed by melting multi-year glaciers and snow) and water from melting of snow/ground ice This preliminary study suggests that it is possible to separate various water sources in the southern peninsulas of King George Island, and this separation could be used to study permafrost degradation, as well as feeding and migration patterns in the bird fauna, with implications for protection purposes. Acknowledgments. The National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Sciences (Bucharest, Romania) and the Korean polar institute financially supported fieldwork in King George Island. We thank the personal at King Sejong (South Korea), Belingshaussen (Russia) and Carlini (Argentina) stations in King George Island for

  20. Induction of Tolerance to Parental Parathyroid Grafts Using Allogeneic Thymus Tissue in DiGeorge Anomaly

    OpenAIRE

    Chinn, Ivan K.; Markert, M. Louise

    2011-01-01

    DiGeorge anomaly can affect both thymic and parathyroid function. Although athymia is corrected by allogeneic thymus transplantation, treatment options for hypoparathyroidism have been unsatisfactory. Parathyroid transplantation offers the potential for definitive cure but remains challenging due to graft rejection. Some allogeneic parathyroid grafts have functioned in adult recipients in the context of immunosuppression for renal transplants. Other efforts have attempted to reduce the alloge...

  1. Digital imaging of autoradiographs from paintings by Georges de La Tour (1593-1652)

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, C O; Laurenze, C; Schmidt, C; Slusallek, K

    1999-01-01

    The artistic work of the painter Georges de La Tour has been studied very intensively in the last few years, mainly by French and US-American art historians and natural scientists. To support the in-depth analysis of two paintings from the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas, USA, two similar paintings from the Gemaeldegalerie Berlin have been investigated. The method of neutron activation autoradiography has been applied using imaging plates with digital image processing.

  2. The Nobody: Exploring Archaeological Identity with George Horsfield (1882–1956

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amara Thornton

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines George Horsfield’s life and professional career in the Department of Antiquities in British Mandate Transjordan through his correspondence and images in the archives of UCL Institute of Archaeology. Through these documents, Horsfield’s multiple archaeological identities – architect, official and foreigner – are revealed. His experience, situated within the context of life in British Mandate Transjordan, is used to analyse the archaeologist within a wider history of antiquities departments in British imperial possessions.

  3. Georges Perec and the avant-garde in the visual arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania

    2006-01-01

    Den franske forfatter Georges Perec tilhører 1960ernes avantgarde, og hans værker deler træk med samtidens billedkunst. Perec deler tresseravantgardens interesse for massekultur, dens kritik af den traditionelle kunstnerrolle og dens ønske om at bevæge sig på tværs af grænserne mellem kunst og li...

  4. The Second Administration of George W. Bush and U.S.-Russia Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rybalko Olga

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the analysis of changes in the U.S.-Russia relationships during the presidency of George W. Bush and to the detection of the origins of these changes. The attention is paid to conceptual foreign policy views of the most influential members of administration. The renewal of staff in U.S. administration was one of the important factors of toughening the Russian course of the American foreign policy. At the beginning of the second presidency of George Bush the ratio of forces in the American Congress changed. Opposition forces received the majority in the Congress. This circumstance became the other reason of change of the U.S.-Russia relationships. The bilateral relations during the specified period were complicated by aspiration of the USA to strengthen the influence on the territories of the Post-Soviet states. It caused discontent of Moscow. At the same time, some aspects of the Russian-Iranian nuclear cooperation caused criticism of Washington. The role of personal diplomacy is noted as a factor of forming bilateral relations. During the second term of the presidency of George W. Bush this factor didn't lose its value in comparison with the first term. The article gives the assessment of work of the Bush’s second administration at the Russian direction. The author notes the American focus on the strategy of “selective partnership” with Russia. The conclusion is drawn on George Bush's aspiration to preservation of balance in the U.S.-Russia relations under the conditions of increasing strains.

  5. O conceito "socialização" caiu em desuso? Uma análise dos processos de socialização na infância com base em Georg Simmel e George H. Mead Is the " socialization" concept outdated? An analisis of the socialization processes in childhood according to Georg Simmel and George H. Mead

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Grigorowitschs

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta uma leitura das obras de George H. Mead e Georg Simmel a respeito do conceito processos de socialização à luz de questões suscitadas no interior do domínio da sociologia da infância. Aborda o desenvolvimento do conceito processos de socialização em Simmel e correlaciona as concepções simmelinas com a obra de Mead a respeito do desenvolvimento do self, com o objetivo de definir os processos de socialização na infância. Visa demonstrar como as obras de Simmel e Mead permitem pensar a infância como um período específico dos processos de socialização, em que as crianças desempenham papéis ativos na construção de seus selves individuais e da sociedade e cultura em que estão inseridas.This paper presents an analysis of George H. Mead's and Georg Simmel's works about the concept of socialization processes in the light of questions arised in the scope of childhood sociology. It approaches the development of Simmel's socialization processes concept and establishes a correlation between the Simmelian conceptions and Mead's work about the self development, in an attempt to define the socialization processes in childhood. It is intended to demonstrate how Simmel's and Mead's works allow us to think about childhood as a specific period of the socialization processes in which children play active roles in building their individual selves, as well as the society and culture they are in.

  6. Robert M. Lockwood and George A. Rogers, early twentieth century optometry authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goss, David A

    2010-03-01

    A significant factor in the continuing development and maturation of professional optometry in the early twentieth century was book and journal literature. Some of the prominent optometric writers of that era do not seem to be remembered today. Two examples are Robert Minturn Lockwood (1857-1920) and George A. Rogers (1852-1935). This article provides biographical sketches of each of them and brief descriptions of the contents of the books they published.

  7. Transaksi Dalam Teori Exchange Behaviorism George Caspar Homans (Perspektif Ekonomi Syariah)

    OpenAIRE

    Machmud, Muhammad Eka

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes theory of exchange behaviorism by George C. Homans from Islamic economic perspective. Homans in Exchange Behaviorism concerns about cost and reward because in interaction people mostly concern about cost and reward obtained. The core of Homans exchange behaviorism theory lies in the collection of the propositions regarding two individuals or more who interact each other. Each of which the proposition provides an explanation of the form of social exchange that happens. Us...

  8. George Bataille's notion of transgression : the question of a possible experience concerning art and philosophy

    OpenAIRE

    Şiray, Mehmet

    2000-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Graphic Design and the Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University, 2000. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2000. Includes bibliographical references leaves 91-94. This study aims at analysing George Bataille's notion of transgression. In this respect, the concepts of Bataille's discourse such as 'general economy', 'sovereign operation', 'inner experience', 'impossible', 'absence of myth' and 'sacred', are taken into con...

  9. Still radical after all these years: George Kelly's The psychology of personal constructs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, David A

    2013-04-01

    George Kelly's "The psychology of personal constructs" put forward a new psychology that viewed people as actively constructing and anticipating their worlds. This paper considers personal construct theory and its philosophy; personal construct assessment techniques; the personal construct view of psychological disorder and its treatment; and the wide range of other applications of personal construct theory. It is concluded that personal construct psychology remains a radical approach over half a century after Kelly published his magnum opus.

  10. Distribution of Anaerobic Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteria in Soils from King George Island, Maritime Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampaio, Dayanna Souza; Almeida, Juliana Rodrigues Barboza; de Jesus, Hugo E; Rosado, Alexandre S; Seldin, Lucy; Jurelevicius, Diogo

    2017-11-01

    Anaerobic diesel fuel Arctic (DFA) degradation has already been demonstrated in Antarctic soils. However, studies comparing the distribution of anaerobic bacterial groups and of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in Antarctic soils containing different concentrations of DFA are scarce. In this study, functional genes were used to study the diversity and distribution of anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria (bamA, assA, and bssA) and of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB-apsR) in highly, intermediate, and non-DFA-contaminated soils collected during the summers of 2009, 2010, and 2011 from King George Island, Antarctica. Signatures of bamA genes were detected in all soils analyzed, whereas bssA and assA were found in only 4 of 10 soils. The concentration of DFA was the main factor influencing the distribution of bamA-containing bacteria and of SRB in the analyzed soils, as shown by PCR-DGGE results. bamA sequences related to genes previously described in Desulfuromonas, Lautropia, Magnetospirillum, Sulfuritalea, Rhodovolum, Rhodomicrobium, Azoarcus, Geobacter, Ramlibacter, and Gemmatimonas genera were dominant in King George Island soils. Although DFA modulated the distribution of bamA-hosting bacteria, DFA concentration was not related to bamA abundance in the soils studied here. This result suggests that King George Island soils show functional redundancy for aromatic hydrocarbon degradation. The results obtained in this study support the hypothesis that specialized anaerobic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria have been selected by hydrocarbon concentrations present in King George Island soils.

  11. The TREC/KREC assay for the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with DiGeorge syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Froňková

    Full Text Available DiGeorge syndrome (DGS presents with a wide spectrum of thymic pathologies. Nationwide neonatal screening programs of lymphocyte production using T-cell recombination excision circles (TREC have repeatedly identified patients with DGS. We tested what proportion of DGS patients could be identified at birth by combined TREC and kappa-deleting element recombination circle (KREC screening. Furthermore, we followed TREC/KREC levels in peripheral blood (PB to monitor postnatal changes in lymphocyte production.TREC/KREC copies were assessed by quantitative PCR (qPCR and were related to the albumin control gene in dry blood spots (DBSs from control (n = 56, severe immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID, n = 10 and DGS (n = 13 newborns. PB was evaluated in DGS children (n = 32, in diagnostic samples from SCID babies (n = 5 and in 91 controls.All but one DGS patient had TREC levels in the normal range at birth, albeit quantitative TREC values were significantly lower in the DGS cohort. One patient had slightly reduced KREC at birth. Postnatal DGS samples revealed reduced TREC numbers in 5 of 32 (16% patients, whereas KREC copy numbers were similar to controls. Both TREC and KREC levels showed a more pronounced decrease with age in DGS patients than in controls (p < 0.0001 for both in a linear model. DGS patients had higher percentages of NK cells at the expense of T cells (p < 0.0001. The patients with reduced TREC levels had repeated infections in infancy and developed allergy and/or autoimmunity, but they were not strikingly different from other patients. In 12 DGS patients with paired DBS and blood samples, the TREC/KREC levels were mostly stable or increased and showed similar kinetics in respective patients.The combined TREC/KREC approach with correction via control gene identified 1 of 13 (8% of DiGeorge syndrome patients at birth in our cohort. The majority of patients had TREC/KREC levels in the normal range.

  12. Stochastic programming the state of the art in honor of George B. Dantzig

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    From the Preface… The preparation of this book started in 2004, when George B. Dantzig and I, following a long-standing invitation by Fred Hillier to contribute a volume to his International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, decided finally to go ahead with editing a volume on stochastic programming. The field of stochastic programming (also referred to as optimization under uncertainty or planning under uncertainty) had advanced significantly in the last two decades, both theoretically and in practice. George Dantzig and I felt that it would be valuable to showcase some of these advances and to present what one might call the state-of- the-art of the field to a broader audience. We invited researchers whom we considered to be leading experts in various specialties of the field, including a few representatives of promising developments in the making, to write a chapter for the volume. Unfortunately, to the great loss of all of us, George Dantzig passed away on May 13, 2005. Encouraged by...

  13. Residents’ perspectives towards conservation in George Town world heritage city: A post-UNESCO listing scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoke Mui LIM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Being inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage City since 2008, this scenario calls into question the voices, the participation and the aspirations of George Town residents themselves in the process of planning and conserving their city. As an extension of a similar project undertaken in 2006, prior to the UNESCO listing, the present study sought to explore and understand the residents’ perceptions and preferences of George Town as a Heritage City after the UNESCO listing. Using the same set of samples (i.e. 400 inner city residents, the findings from this study revealed the change of residents’ preference as well as their appreciation towards the value of heritage and its economic potential. More respondents are supportive on the protection of heritage buildings and maintaining a heritage city. The older generations are the advocates of the heritage houses and they are more willing to pay higher prices to own a heritage house in the city. heritage awareness, urban conservation, resident perspectives, George Town.

  14. Remarks by president Bush and Estonian president Ilves, november 28, 2006 / Toomas Hendrik Ilves, George W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kohtumisest Tallinnas 28. novembril 2006. Riigipead keskendusid oma vestluses ühisele tegevusele demokraatia edendamiseks, olukorrale Afganistanis ja Iraagis, viisavabadusele ning olukorrale Gruusias

  15. Between being and not being: the building process of the professional actor idea in the light of Georg Simmel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rosi Marques Machado

    2008-01-01

    .... Based on the specialized literature on acting and in the light of Georg Simmel's reflections, I will present four ideal types of actor to demonstrate the changes in the notion of the actor and in its...

  16. Oceanographic Time Series Data: Northeast Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf, Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank Marine Sanctuary

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Time-series oceanographic data for the Northeast Atlantic outer continental shelf, Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) or...

  17. Study of the Use of Lime Plaster on Heritage Buildings’ in Malaysia: A Case Study in George Town, Penang

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mohamed Sabri, A.A; Suleiman, M.Z

    2014-01-01

    ... still continues to exist. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the reasons for deterioration and to suggest possible treatments for external walls of heritage buildings in George Town, Penang...

  18. PhD theses at the University of Tartu/Dorpat supervised by Georg Dragendorff 1864-1894

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hinrikus, T; Tankler, H; Raal, A

    2005-01-01

    During 30 years, the professor of pharmacy Georg Dragendorff (1836-1898), who had been invited from Germany, supervised 90 theses of Master of Pharmacy and 87 theses of Doctor of Medicine in Tartu/Dorpat...

  19. Urban Entanglements in three African Canadian Plays: Lorena Gale's Angelique, George Boyd's Consecrated Ground, and Andrew Moodie's Riot

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tompkins, Joanne

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the ways in which three African Canadian plays--Andrew Moodie's Riot, Lorena Gale's Angelique, and George Boyd's Consecrated Ground--rehearse moments of racism regarding the African Canadian diaspora...

  20. Rüütel handed over the Order of the Gross of Terra Mariana to George H. W. Bush

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel andis New Yorgis USA endisele presidendile Georg Herbert Walker Bushile Eesti iseseisvuspüüdluste toetamise eest Maarjamaa Risti I klassi ordeni. Töövisiit New Yorki 13.-17.09.2005

  1. Proceedings of the 4th Georg Rajka International Symposium on Atopic Dermatitis, Arcachon, France, September 15-17, 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taïeb, Alain; Hanifin, Jon; Cooper, Kevin; Bos, Jan D.; Imokawa, Genji; David, Tim J.; Ring, Johannes; Gelmetti, Carlo; Kapp, Alexander; Furue, Masutaka; de Prost, Yves; Darsow, Ulf; Werfel, Thomas; Atherton, David; Oranje, Arnold P.

    2006-01-01

    The 4th Georg Rajka International Symposium on Atopic Dermatitis presented a comprehensive view of our current understanding and management of atopic dermatitis (AD). These proceedings highlight contributions related to the history of AD doctrines; genetic and epigenetic background; epidemiology;

  2. Environmental assessment of proposed dredging and disposal activities at the St. George small boat harbor, reconnaissance stage: Planning aid report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Types of environmental impacts possibly resulting from dredging and disposal activities at the St. George Island small boat harbor include: 1) bottom topographic and...

  3. Clint Eastwood, Paul Virilio, George Perec, Louis Bec, Malcolm Legrice, Expediente X: el universo de la información

    OpenAIRE

    Banda aparte

    1999-01-01

    Banda aparte (1999). Clint Eastwood, Paul Virilio, George Perec, Louis Bec, Malcolm Legrice, Expediente X: el universo de la información. Ediciones de la Mirada. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/42299. 0 0 13

  4. Além do mecanicismo e do vitalismo: a "normatividade da vida" em Georges Canguilhem Beyond mechanism and vitalism: the "normativity of life" according to Georges Canguilhem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Franco Puttini

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Discutimos a epistemologia das ciências da vida e das ciências da saúde de Georges Canguilhem, revendo sua crítica à concepção mecanicista da normalidade e da patologia e seu posicionamento frente ao vitalismo. Sugerimos que, enfatizando o conceito de "normatividade da vida", Canguilhem teria apontado para uma superação da oposição entre mecanicismo e vitalismo. Para tal, fazemos uma breve comparação da "normatividade da vida" com o conceito contemporâneo de auto-organização de Michel Debrun, argumentando que a emergência da norma vital se situa num estágio secundário de um processo de (auto-organização da vida e, portanto, tal normatividade não teria a conotação vitalista, erroneamente atribuída a Canguilhem.We discuss the epistemology of the sciences of life and health elaborated by Georges Canguilhem. First we review his criticism to mechanicist concepts of normality and pathology, and his position regarding vitalism. We suggest that, when emphasizing the concept of "normativity of life", Canguilhem goes beyond the dichotomy of mechanism and vitalism. We make a brief comparison of his concept of "normativity of life" with the contemporary concept of "self-organization" proposed by Michel Debrun, arguing that the emergency of the vital norm occurs on the second stage of the process of life self-organization and therefore such normativity does not have the vitalist connotation erroneously attributed to Canguilhem.

  5. George Herbert Mead: contribuições para a história da psicologia social George Herbert Mead: contributions to history of the social psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ferreira de Souza

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Com este artigo pretende-se contribuir para a compreensão histórica de um autor/personagem da Psicologia. Analisamos e acrescemos conhecimento sobre George Herbert Mead e os desdobramentos de sua teoria psicossocial. Para esse propósito, explicitaremos, no texto, uma das vertentes analíticas utilizadas em nossa dissertação, qual seja: por meio da abordagem social em história da psicologia, confrontamos a vida de Mead com momentos de constituição da psicologia, colocando em relevo aspectos centrais dessa interlocução nem sempre identificados. Correlacionamos a história de Mead com questões sociais, políticas, econômicas e científicas, assim como suas conexões com práticas e valores culturais específicos de sua época. Buscamos compreender sua limitada difusão na ciência psicológica, dando, assim, continuidade ao processo de (revolta do autor.This article intends to contribute to historical understanding of author/character of Psychology. We analyzed and enlarged knowledge about George Herbert Mead and the developing of his psychosocial theory. For this reason, we will explain in the text as analytical side used in our dissertation, in other words: through of the social approach in history of psychology we confront the life of Mead with facts of constitution of the psychology, emphasizing central aspects of this discussion not always identified. We correlate the history of Mead with social, politic, economic and scientific questions as well as his connections with practices and specific cultural values of his time. We look to understand his limited diffusion in the psychological science, giving, so, continuity to the process of returns of the author.

  6. production

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Society of Animal Production, Transkei,. 15-17 April, 1986. N.M. Tainton. Department of ... association with grazing and browsing animals, whilst of course its general degradation in recent years can be ... physiology, anatomy, histology, pathology and animal pro- ducts technology required by Animal Science ...

  7. The Impossible Performance of Mass Commodity. George Maciunas, Herman Fine and Robert Watts’ Implosions Inc. (ca. 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estella Noriega, Iñaki

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the US context Fluxus is understood as an advance of the ‘60s radicalism. The assumption that Fluxus was opposed to consumption culture, as that embodied by Pop art, is among the interpretations that renew such a view. Examining the example of Implosions Inc., a short-lived but nevertheless interesting commercial enterprise formed by Robert Watts, Herman Fine and George Maciunas in 1967, this essay focuses its attention on the complex relationship between Fluxus and commercial culture. Implosions Inc. was a project in which many Pop artists were asked to participate along with its Fluxus founders, and it was intended as another step forward in the transformation of the artist into a commodity mass-producer. In analyzing this phenomenon, this article questions assumed principles in the Neo-avantgarde theory like the distinction between art production and culture consumption. The essay, however, will try to establish another paradigm that draws the differences between Pop art and Fluxus as the kind of audiences both these tendencies tried to conform. As a conclusion, the article fleshes out some ideas on individualism that were developed by Maciunas, which shed light on the notions surrounding the idea of collectivism as developed in Fluxus.En el contexto de los EE.UU., Fluxus ha sido entendido como avanzadilla del radicalismo de la década de los 60. La asunción de que Fluxus se oponía a la cultura comercial, tal y como era representada por el pop art, es una de las líneas que renueva dicha interpretación. Mediante el análisis de Implosions Inc., una pequeña pero fundamental empresa de Fluxus que formaron en 1967 George Maciunas, Robert Watts y Herman Fine, este ensayo pretende mostrar colaboraciones entre los artistas Fluxus y Pop y que se propuso hacer del artista un productor de mercancía de masas. Al analizar este episodio, el artículo cuestiona principios de la teoría de la neovanguardia, como la distinción entre el arte de la

  8. A 2,000-year record of mercury and ancient civilizations in seal hairs from King George Island, West Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Liguang; Yin, Xuebin; Liu, Xiaodong; Zhu, Renbin; Xie, Zhouqing; Wang, Yuhong

    2006-09-01

    The concentrations of total mercury (Hg(T)) and three bio-essential elements (phosphor, potassium, sodium) were analyzed in Antarctic seal hairs from a lake core spanning the past 2,000 years and collected from King George Island (63 degrees 23'S, 57 degrees 00'W), West Antarctica. The Hg(T) concentration shows a significant fluctuation while the levels of the three bio-essential elements remain almost constant. The rise and fall of the Hg(T) concentration in the seal hairs are found to be closely coincided with ancient activities of gold and silver mining using Hg-amalgamation process around the world, especially in the Southern Hemisphere. Briefly, Hg(T) levels are high during five episodes of extensive gold and silver mining activities--Rome Empire and China Han Dynasty (approximately 18-300 A.D.), Maya period and China Tang (750-900 A.D.), Incas civilization and Christian Kingdom (1200-1500 A.D.), New world (1650-1800 A.D.), and modern industry period (1840 A.D.-present); they are low during four time periods of reduced gold and silver mining activities--the China Han and Rome fall (since 300 A.D.), Maya fall and Wartime period in China (1050-1250 A.D.), Pizarro coming (ca. 1532 A.D.) and Independence War of South America (1800-1830 A.D.). Two profiles of Hg(T) in other two lake cores, one affected by seal excrements and the other by penguin droppings, from the same region are similar to the one in seal hairs. The Hg concentration profile in the seal hairs is significantly correlated with the one in a peat bog of Southern Chile near King George Island. Since Hg is existent mainly at the form of methyl-mercury in seal hairs, this correlation supports a relationship and link between atmospheric mercury concentration and methyl-mercury production. Comparing with samples from American and European continents, the Antarctic seal hairs provide an archive of total mercury concentration in surface seawater of the South Ocean less affected by regional human activities

  9. Imaginer, monter : la mémoire inachevée d’Auschwitz selon Georges Didi-Huberman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Balint-Babos

    2014-12-01

    Écorces by Georges Didi-Huberman is the “récit-photo” of a wandering experience through the camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau in June 2010. The author takes photographs of some pieces of birch bark and reflects on what remains of Auschwitz today. Does this gesture have the power to shift him from mourning? In this article, I study the “inachevé” (the act of un-finishing as a metaphor of the birch bark: on the one hand, this is a small part of a tree, a part of a text, a fragment; on the other hand, this is an image in our memory, a precarious surface that is detached from a body (of a tree. What to expect of a photographed piece of birch bark in such a place like Birkenau? I thus analyze the question of mounting (le montage pieces of text and images, the idea of the partial and the production of “small truths” as figures of the unfinished space of our memory.

  10. Biographic Parallels as a Basis for Typological Studying of George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi Works

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    Svitlana Korshunova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the problem of biographic parallelism as a basis for typological research. The main task is to find out similarities and differences in the works by George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi, all of them being based of the real facts from the writers' lives. The peculiarities of the literary interpretation of the biography of the both authors become the comparative basis for revealing of the common processes in their works. The research sheds the light on the interdependence between authors' motivations and its literary results. It also highlights the problem of genres chosen by the writers and of the dependence of this choice on the biographic facts usage. The article compares the genres of the authors' works from the point of view of their artistic motivation. The subject under study includes such books of the authors as “Burmese Days”, “Keep the Aspidistra Flying” and other by George Orwell, as well as “The Getsyman Garden”, “The Hunters and the Hunted” and others by Ivan Bahrianyi. It deals with the problem of the influence of the writers' biographic facts on their creation of the literary images and characters, as well as on the plots of the stories. The similarities between authors and their characters are revealed and this allows us to say that writers used their own lives as a source of inspiration and artistic motivation for the sake of making their stories credible. The article also raises the question of the nature of the writers' characters with authors' being their possible prototypes. In general, the article studies the parallels of George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi lives, trying to prove their compatibility in the typological field while both use their biographies as a creative method.

  11. Eocene age of the Baranowski Glacier Group at Red Hill, King George Island, West Antarctica

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    Mozer Anna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Radiometric and geochemical studies were carried out at Red Hill in the southern part of King George Island (South Shetland Islands, northern Antarctic Peninsula on the Bransfield Strait coast. The rock succession at Red Hill has been determined to represent the Baranowski Glacier Group that was previously assigned a Late Cretaceous age. Two formations were distinguished within this succession: the lower Llano Point Formation and the upper Zamek Formation. These formations have stratotypes defined further to the north on the western coast of Admiralty Bay. On Red Hill the Llano Point Formation consists of terrestrial lavas and pyroclastic breccia; the Zamek Formation consist predominantly of fine to coarse tuff, pyroclastic breccia, lavas, tuffaceous mud-, silt-, and sandstone, locally conglomeratic. The lower part of the Zamek Formation contains plant detritus (Nothofagus, dicotyledonous, thermophilous ferns and numerous coal seams (vitrinitic composition that confirm the abundance of vegetation on stratovolcanic slopes and surrounding lowlands at that time. Selected basic to intermediate igneous rocks from the succession have been analysed for the whole-rock K-Ar age determination. The obtained results indicate that the Red Hill succession was formed in two stages: (1 from about 51–50 Ma; and (2 46–42 Ma, i.e. during the Early to Middle Eocene. This, in combination with other data obtained from other Baranowski Glacier Group exposures on western coast of Admiralty Bay, confirms the recently defined position of the volcano-clastic succession in the stratigraphic scheme of King George Island. The new stratigraphic position and lithofacies development of the Red Hill succession strongly suggest its correlation with other Eocene formations containing fossil plants and coal seams that commonly occur on King George Island.

  12. Genetic Drivers of Kidney Defects in the DiGeorge Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Rivera, Esther; Liu, Yangfan P; Verbitsky, Miguel; Anderson, Blair R; Capone, Valentina P; Otto, Edgar A; Yan, Zhonghai; Mitrotti, Adele; Martino, Jeremiah; Steers, Nicholas J; Fasel, David A; Vukojevic, Katarina; Deng, Rong; Racedo, Silvia E; Liu, Qingxue; Werth, Max; Westland, Rik; Vivante, Asaf; Makar, Gabriel S; Bodria, Monica; Sampson, Matthew G; Gillies, Christopher E; Vega-Warner, Virginia; Maiorana, Mariarosa; Petrey, Donald S; Honig, Barry; Lozanovski, Vladimir J; Salomon, Rémi; Heidet, Laurence; Carpentier, Wassila; Gaillard, Dominique; Carrea, Alba; Gesualdo, Loreto; Cusi, Daniele; Izzi, Claudia; Scolari, Francesco; van Wijk, Joanna A E; Arapovic, Adela; Saraga-Babic, Mirna; Saraga, Marijan; Kunac, Nenad; Samii, Ali; McDonald-McGinn, Donna M; Crowley, Terrence B; Zackai, Elaine H; Drozdz, Dorota; Miklaszewska, Monika; Tkaczyk, Marcin; Sikora, Przemyslaw; Szczepanska, Maria; Mizerska-Wasiak, Malgorzata; Krzemien, Grazyna; Szmigielska, Agnieszka; Zaniew, Marcin; Darlow, John M; Puri, Prem; Barton, David; Casolari, Emilio; Furth, Susan L; Warady, Bradley A; Gucev, Zoran; Hakonarson, Hakon; Flogelova, Hana; Tasic, Velibor; Latos-Bielenska, Anna; Materna-Kiryluk, Anna; Allegri, Landino; Wong, Craig S; Drummond, Iain A; D'Agati, Vivette; Imamoto, Akira; Barasch, Jonathan M; Hildebrandt, Friedhelm; Kiryluk, Krzysztof; Lifton, Richard P; Morrow, Bernice E; Jeanpierre, Cecile; Papaioannou, Virginia E; Ghiggeri, Gian Marco; Gharavi, Ali G; Katsanis, Nicholas; Sanna-Cherchi, Simone

    2017-02-23

    The DiGeorge syndrome, the most common of the microdeletion syndromes, affects multiple organs, including the heart, the nervous system, and the kidney. It is caused by deletions on chromosome 22q11.2; the genetic driver of the kidney defects is unknown. We conducted a genomewide search for structural variants in two cohorts: 2080 patients with congenital kidney and urinary tract anomalies and 22,094 controls. We performed exome and targeted resequencing in samples obtained from 586 additional patients with congenital kidney anomalies. We also carried out functional studies using zebrafish and mice. We identified heterozygous deletions of 22q11.2 in 1.1% of the patients with congenital kidney anomalies and in 0.01% of population controls (odds ratio, 81.5; P=4.5×10-14). We localized the main drivers of renal disease in the DiGeorge syndrome to a 370-kb region containing nine genes. In zebrafish embryos, an induced loss of function in snap29, aifm3, and crkl resulted in renal defects; the loss of crkl alone was sufficient to induce defects. Five of 586 patients with congenital urinary anomalies had newly identified, heterozygous protein-altering variants, including a premature termination codon, in CRKL. The inactivation of Crkl in the mouse model induced developmental defects similar to those observed in patients with congenital urinary anomalies. We identified a recurrent 370-kb deletion at the 22q11.2 locus as a driver of kidney defects in the DiGeorge syndrome and in sporadic congenital kidney and urinary tract anomalies. Of the nine genes at this locus, SNAP29, AIFM3, and CRKL appear to be critical to the phenotype, with haploinsufficiency of CRKL emerging as the main genetic driver. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and others.).

  13. Characterization and mapping of plant communities at Hennequin Point, King George Island, Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe de C. Victoria

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available King George Island is the largest island and the principal area used for research bases in Antarctica. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland, Russia, South Korea and Uruguay have permanent open bases on this island. Other countries have seasonal summer stations on different parts of this island, which demonstrates that human impact is strong on King George Island relative to other areas in the maritime and continental Antarctica. The objective of this work was to present a phytosociological approach for ice-free areas of Hennequin Point, eastern coast of Admiralty Bay, King George Island. The study started with the classification and description of the plant communities based primarily on phytosociological and biodiversity data. The area was mapped using an Astech Promark II® DGPS, yielding sub-metric precision after post-processing with software. The plant communities were described as follows: (1 lichen and moss cushion formation; (2 moss carpet formation; (3 fellfield formation; (4 grass and cushion chamaephyte formation; and (5 Deschampsia Antarctica–lichen formation. Characterizations and distributions of the plant communities are presented on a map at a scale of 1:5000. The plant communities found at Hennequin Point, in general, differ from those found in other areas of the Admiralty Bay region, probably because of the concentration of skua nests in the area and the relief singularities. We conclude by highlighting the importance of the study of plant species found in the ice-free areas of the Antarctic with respect to environmental monitoring and for evaluating global climate and environmental changes.

  14. RESENHA DA OBRA "COMO MORREM OS POBRES E OUTROS ENSAIOS", DE GEORGE ORWELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Viana Essencio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available George Orwell (1903-1950 was a great thinker of the twentieth century, and will focus on various themes in his work as an essayist. Equipped with a simple and accessible language, their texts have philosophical depth and immense awareness of the need to position themselves politically before the events of the first half of the last century, as the World Wars, the expansion of culture as a market commodity and many others points of social life. In this book, we have essays on the 1929 depression, romance, poetry and press, politics and sociology

  15. Dentist-physician George J. Ziegler: rogue researcher, "cosmic" editor and social activist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bause, George S

    2011-01-01

    An industrious self-made man, George Jacob Ziegler (1821-1895) was successively a hairdresser, dentist, physician, author and editor. He is best known as the medical editor of the Periscope section of the Dental Cosmos, and as a social activist who championed the welfare of soldiers, women, and nonsmokers. Ziegler's most unfortunate legacy was his research on dogs, which he misinterpreted as demonstrating nitrous oxide's safety in resuscitation. Pointing to Ziegler's work, dental anesthetist G.Q. Colton would popularize clinical use of 100% nitrous-oxide anesthetics during his 35-year professional career. Consequently, hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide received asphyxial anesthetics.

  16. An accidental statistician the life and memories of George E. P. Box

    CERN Document Server

    Box, George E P

    2013-01-01

    Celebrating the life of an admired pioneer in statisticsIn this captivating and inspiring memoir, world-renowned statistician George E. P. Box offers a firsthand account of his life and statistical work. Writing in an engaging, charming style, Dr. Box reveals the unlikely events that led him to a career in statistics, beginning with his job as a chemist conducting experiments for the British army during World War II. At this turning point in his life and career, Dr. Box taught himself the statistical methods necessary to analyze his own findings when there were no statist

  17. James George Frazer’s Anthropologic Heritage in the Work of Robert Graves

    OpenAIRE

    Tomislav M. Pavlović

    2016-01-01

    The works of Sir James George Frazer had an outstanding influence on the literature of modernism. Among those who benefited from Frazer’s ritualism were W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot. James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, D. H. Lawrence, Ezra Pound, Mary Renault, Joseph Campbell, Robert Graves and many others. Robert Graves was known for his famous adaptation of Frazer’s concept of the sacred king who is sacrificed for the benefit of his subjects thus forming the narrative frame for the one of his most c...

  18. 22q11.2 deletion (DiGeorge) syndrome: a mother’s open letter

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Baldini; Maria Cristina Digilio; Bruno Marino

    2011-01-01

    Dear E.G., this is an open letter on 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge syndrome). You are the mother of a beautiful 3 year old child. And you are one of the most active members of Aidel22, the Italian Association of 22q deletion syndrome patients and families. We would like to hear your story and learn from you. But before that, we asked some scholars in the field to help us understand what 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is.

  19. La Renta de la Tierra en el Pensamiento de J.S. Mill y H. George

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto José Figueras

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El año 2008 ha visto a la sociedad argentina enfrascada en un debate sobre los impuestos a las exportaciones agrícolas. Uno de los puntos centrales fue quién soportaría finalmente el costo de este tributo, su impacto sectorial, grupal y territorial. Ahora bien, cuando surgen estas controversias suele ser útil mirar hacia atrás para descubrir qué fue lo que opinaron los grandes autores del pasado en circunstancias similares, mutatis mutandi. Se revisan ideas y pensamientos de William Petty, Adam Smith, Henry George , David Ricardo y John Stuar Mill entre otros.

  20. Une page ressource dédiée à Georg Simmel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marie Baldner

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Une des fonctions les plus probantes de l'Internet est certainement la mise à disposition des chercheurs de textes incomplètement disponibles ou difficiles d'accès. On pourrait ainsi imaginer, dans un terme qui ne serait pas trop éloigné, y pécher toutes les oeuvres de référence que beaucoup citent mais n'ont pas toujours raisonnablement le temps de consulter. Depuis un peu plus d'une vingtaine d'années, les principaux textes de Georg Simmel (1858-1918 ont fait ...

  1. Review: Georg Glasze & Annika Mattissek (Hrsg.) (2009). Handbuch Diskurs und Raum

    OpenAIRE

    Manderscheid, Katharina

    2010-01-01

    Der vorliegende Sammelband von Georg GLASZE und Annika MATTISSEK gibt eine Einführung in die humangeografische Diskussion zu Raum und Diskurs. Das Buch ist in drei Teile gegliedert: Der erste und ausführlichste versammelt Beiträge zu Theorien und Konzepten der Diskursforschung in der Humangeografie, der zweite Teil beschäftigt sich mit Raum aus diskurstheoretischer Perspektive, während der dritte ausgewählte Methoden für eine diskursanalytische Geografieforschung vorstellt. Der Band bietet Fo...

  2. Science, Utilization, Conservation and Co-Management of the George River Caribou Herd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S. Duquette

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Four objectives of the George River Caribou Workshop were identified: (1 to consider present and past assessments of caribou numbers and population trends in the GRC (2 to explore the role of environmental factors such as climate and habitat change on population dynamics (3 to consider actual and potential human activities on the population and distribution of the caribou (4 to discuss caribou management strategies and the co-management concept. The workshop was organized around four half-day sessions focused on each of these objectives and each session featured three or four keynote speakers.

  3. Credibility and creativity: a conversation with Kaiser Permanente's George C. Halvorson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halvorson, George C

    2004-01-01

    In 2002 Kaiser Permanente's board surprised the industry by reaching outside its organization and selecting a nonphysician leader, George C. Halvorson, then CEO of HealthPartners of Minneapolis. In this interview Halvorson talks about returning to Kaiser's strengths--its sixty-year-plus history of integrated health care organization and its power base along the Pacific Coast--and about how he and his physician colleagues intend to leverage clinical information technology to improve their subscribers' health. Halvorson also discusses the new Medicare prescription drug legislation, the sources of the current run-up in health costs, and how he intends to position Kaiser for future growth.

  4. Studying A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man through Heterogeneous Philosophy of Georges Bataille

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    Shataw Naseri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Georges Bataille believes that most of his contemporary discourses were spiritual and/or intellectual ones. They were, for him, vegetation-like discourses looking upward and underlining the role of head and thinking in their paradigms. He, instead, introduced the notion of "base materialism" which highlights the role of the lower parts of the body; it is here that Bataille raises the notion of "Acéphale" who has beheaded himself with a dagger in his right hand, and thus has beheaded the ruling head of his own body as well as the heads of his surrounding social discourses. For George Bataille, humans are linguistic being entrapped forever in a language system. However, he believes that this system is full of fissures and that through transgressive moments one can experience these voids within language. Through transgression one can look directly in the abyss of language, though he/she cannot see the extremity of these voids and thus Bataille believes that one cannot reach any signified, and therefore, any Bataillean "Impossible." As one can witness, linguistic human being is entrapped within narratives of language system defining him in terms of cause and effect and their related items namely linear time and space. Georges Bataille believes that any heterogeneous element which crosses the defined taboos of the body of self and society at some transgressive moments is regarded as a "foreign body" and an "alterity." This foreign body, as he regards, at the instants of transgression experiences "sovereignty" which means that he is at the epic of being a "sovereign being," of course momentarily, because he at those moments has stepped upon any ruling borders and is bound with no taboo and thus is the "sovereign" of instants. The present study endeavors to analyze Stephen Dedalus in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and his Bataillean experiences in terms of narrative and language. A Portrait will be concentrated in the light of the

  5. The Materialism of Georges Bataille. A Reading from the Perspective of Nietzsche and Marx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Montenegro Bralic

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Georges Bataille’s notion of materialism can be seen as a critique of metaphysical or idealist conceptions of materialism. On the basis of the reconstruction of Bataille’s statements in his different early writings, the paper provides an interpretation of Bataille’s “base materialism” based on his peculiar reading of Nietzsche and Marx. The attempt to make compatible elements from both philosophies leads to a critical discussion with the authors, which, in turn, can be read as a forerunner of the deconstruction of materialism carried out by Jacques Derrida.

  6. Georg Groddeck's maternal turn: its evolution and influence on early psychoanalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hristeva, Galina; Poster, Mark F

    2013-09-01

    The paper examines the biographical, cultural and clinical influences on the "maternal turn" of Georg Groddeck, a German physician and correspondent of Sigmund Freud. It demonstrates Groddeck's influence on Sándor Ferenczi, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann and Karen Horney, each of whom influenced generations of psychoanalysts. The authors explore the resonance of Groddeck's work with several concepts of contemporary psychoanalysis and raise the question as to whether the roots of these psychoanalytic concepts were seeded by Groddeck's "maternal turn", passed on by the above psychoanalysts through intergenerational psychoanalytic training and further elaborated by later investigators who were not necessarily familiar with the work of Groddeck.

  7. 75 FR 67086 - Proposed Subsequent Arrangement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ... uranium, from Areva Resources Canada, Inc. (Areva Resources) in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, to Eurodif Production in Pierrelatte, France. The material, which is currently located at Areva Resources... programs in the United States and France. The material was originally obtained by Areva Resources from the...

  8. Peer deviance, social support, and symptoms of internalizing disorders among youth exposed to Hurricane Georges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubens, Sonia L; Vernberg, Eric M; Felix, Erika D; Canino, Glorisa

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the influence of peers in meeting DSM-IV symptom criteria for an internalizing disorder in adolescents exposed to Hurricane Georges. Participants included a representative community sample of 905 youth (n = 476 boys) ages 11-17, residing in Puerto Rico. Data were gathered on hurricane exposure, symptoms of internalizing disorders, peer social support, peer violence, and peer substance use through in-person structured interviews with adolescents and caretakers from 1999 to 2000 in Puerto Rico, 12-27 months after Hurricane Georges. Hurricane exposure, peer violence, and peer substance use predicted whether adolescents met DSM-IV symptom criteria for a measured internalizing disorder. An interaction was found between hurricane exposure and peer violence, which indicated that hurricane exposure was significantly related to meeting DSM-IV symptom criteria for an internalizing disorder among adolescents who do not report associating with violent peers. However, for participants who reported high levels of peer violence, hurricane exposure did not convey additional risk for meeting DSM-IV symptom criteria for an internalizing disorder. With the increasing role peers play in adolescents' lives, understanding the influence of peers on the development of internalizing symptoms following hurricane exposure may assist in planning developmentally sensitive response plans.

  9. The atom of the universe the life and work of Georges Lemaître

    CERN Document Server

    Lambert, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    This biography takes readers from the early childhood to the last days of Georges Lemaitre, the man behind the theory of the primeval atom, now better known as the Big Bang theory. But, who was Georges Lemaitre? He was a clergyman, a genius astronomer, an audacious cosmologist, a computer enthusiast ahead of his time, a professor with his head in the clouds, a bon vivant mathematician, and a gourmand. The book peels away these layers, chapter by chapter, from the adventures of a boy from Charleroi (Belgium), who became Monseigneur Lemaitre and influenced contemporary cosmology. The Atom of the Universe follows Lemaitre's works through the course of his life, discovering along the way his involvement with the Chinese student community, his complex relationship with the Vatican, his deep devotion to the University of Louvain, his friendship with figures such as Einstein and Eddington, his adventures through both World Wars, his travels in America, his curious interest in Moliere, and his deep faith lived throug...

  10. Compilation of ozonesonde profiles from the Antarctic Georg-Forster-Station from 1985 to 1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. König-Langlo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available On 22 May 1985 the first balloon-borne ozonesonde was successfully launched by the staff of Georg-Forster-Station (70°46' S, 11°41' E. The subsequent weekly ozone soundings mark the beginning of a continuous investigation of the vertical ozone distribution in the southern hemisphere by Germany.

    The measurements began the year the ozone hole was discovered. They significantly contribute to other measurements made prior to and following 1985 at other stations. The regular ozone soundings from 1985 until 1992 are a valuable reference data set since the chemical ozone loss became a significant feature in the southern polar stratosphere.

    The balloon-borne soundings were performed at the upper air sounding facility of the neighbouring station Novolazarevskaya, just 2 km from Georg-Forster-Station. Until 1992, ozone soundings were taken without interruption. Thereafter, the ozone sounding program was moved to Neumayer-Station (70°39' S, 8°15' W 750 km further west.

  11. God in de (Postmoderne cultuur - George Steiner over transcendentie in kunst en cultuur

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    W Stoker

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available God in the (Post modern culture � George Steiner on transcendence in art and cultureIn his 1989 study Real Presences the well-known philosopher and literary scholar George Steiner argues that there is a crisis in philosophy, art and literature. The contract between word and world has been broken, whereby we can no longer make any assertions about human beings and the world. Communication thus becomes problematic. The (postmodern world has become nihilistic. Steiner provides a theological explanation for what in his view is a serious crisis in (postmodern art and in Western culture in general: he blames this crisis for the loss of transcendence through the �death of God�.This paper will show that Steiner, on the basis of his metaphysical view of transcendence ends up with the dilemma of having to choose between transcendence or immanence/nihilism. This dilemma is unnecessary to the extent that it suggests that transcendence is identical with metaphysical transcendence. If we reject this identification, then the alternative for Steiner�s metaphysical transcendence is not only immanence, viewed as nihilism but can also be another form of transcendence. And this casts another light on the crisis Steiner has indicated in culture.

  12. George Ellery Hale's Early Solar Research at Chicago, Kenwood, Harvard, and Yerkes Observatories, 1882-1904

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    1999-05-01

    Growing up in Chicago, George Ellery Hale, later the prime spirit in founding the AAS, was a precocious boy scientist. He was deeply interested in spectroscopy and astrophysics from an early age. His wealthy parents encouraged Hale's aspirations with magazines, books, and instruments, and he acquired his first telescope when he was 14. He knew as mentors classical astronomers S. W. Burnham and George W. Hough, but he preferred astrophysics and designed his own Kenwood Physical Obseervatory around a grating in a Rowland circle mounting, fed by a heliostat, both built for him by instrument-maker John A. Brashear. For his undergraduate thesis at MIT, Hale invented and (at Harvard College Observatory) demonstrated the spectroheliograph. With it, and a high-quality 12-in refractor at his later Kenwood Astrophysical Observatory (at the same site, the Hale family home, 4 miles from the present Hilton Hotel where the SPD, HAD and AAS are meeting) Hale did excellent solar research, especially on promineneces, flocculi, and the near-ultraviolet spectrum of the chromosphere. As a teen-ager and a young adult Hale traveled widely, and met several important piuoneer solar physicists, including Charles A. Young, Jules Janssen, Samuel P. Langley, and Henry Rowland. Hale designed Yerkes Observatory for solar and stellar research, and headed the solar work himself. One of his aims always was to compare other stars with the sun. Hale's telescopes, instruments, methods, and resulting papers will be described and illustrated by numerous slides.

  13. Hans Georg Trüper (1936–2016 and His Contributions to Halophile Research

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    Aharon Oren

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Hans Georg Trüper, one of the most important scientists in the field of halophile research, passed away on 9 March 2016 at the age of 79. I here present a brief obituary with special emphasis on Prof. Trüper’s contributions to our understanding of the halophilic prokaryotes and their adaptations to life in hypersaline environments. He has pioneered the study of the halophilic anoxygenic phototrophic sulfur bacteria of the Ectothiorhodospira—Halorhodospira group. Some of the species he and his group isolated from hypersaline and haloalkaline environments have become model organisms for the study of the mechanisms of haloadaptation: the functions of three major organic compounds – glycine betaine, ectoine, and trehalose – known to serve as “compatible solutes” in halophilic members of the Bacteria domain, were discovered during studies of these anoxygenic phototrophs. Prof. Trüper’s studies of hypersaline alkaline environments in Egypt also led to the isolation of the first known extremely halophilic archaeon (Natronomonas pharaonis. The guest editors dedicate this special volume of Life to the memory of Prof. Hans Georg Trüper.

  14. The Promise and Perils of the Island City of George Town (Penang as a Creative City

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    Suet Leng Khoo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The peripheral and semi-peripheral roles of islands are being challenged and contested as contemporary island cities assume positions as engines of growth and become centres of progress for driving economic development. Notably, island cities around the globe have become instrumental in shaping and influencing the dynamics of urban development as cities now compete with each other to strategically position themselves in today’s competitive global economy that leverages creativity and innovation. Particularly in a creative economy, the availability, quantity, and quality of unique cultures; creative talents; and creative/cultural industries within a city are differentiating and determining factors that can boost a city’s position and subsequently spur economic growth and progress. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the position of the island city of George Town (Penang en route to becoming a Creative City. This paper highlights the island’s urban dynamics as well as discusses the promise and perils of transforming George Town into a Creative City in its own right.

  15. George Sand en de Nederlandse negentiende-eeuwse pers. Het belang van computerondersteund tijdschriftonderzoek

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    Suzan van Dijk

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available  Twentieth-century book and literary historians have tended to seriously underestimate women‟s participation in the nineteenth-century literary field. Thanks to different digital and online tools it becomes now possible to get a better understanding of their presence as authors. This is demonstrated in the present article, where the case „George Sand as received in nineteenth-century Netherlands‟ is used as an example. In particular it is shown that there has been, up to recently, too much reliance on critical articles published in the nineteenth-century literary press. Dutch critics publishing negative comments on George Sand‟s works will most often have had the intention to combat her actual success with Dutch readers and her possible influence on them. And those literary reviews refraining from publishing articles on her work show, by the frequency of their mentioning Sand‟s name, that she was in fact very present in the cultural repertoire of the nineteenth-century Netherlands.

  16. Organismo e função reguladora: determinações do vivo em Georges Canguilhem = Organism and regulatory function: determinations of the living in Georges Canguilhem

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    Labrea, Vanessa Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo compreende o cerne da obra de Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995 como um ponto de cruzamento entre problemáticas fundamentalmente médico-biológicas e problemáticas sócio-políticas. A consideração histórica descontinuísta do desenvolvimento de conceitos científicos e a classificação da técnica enquanto prótese do organismo vivo, entre outras particularidades, situam o pensamento canguilhemeano na fronteira entre áreas do conhecimento demarcadas separadamente. O que integra e individualiza o seu trabalho filosófico é a ponderação do vital enquanto categoria de base para intelecção e reconstrução de problemas interdisciplinares. Após indicar o posicionamento de Canguilhem dentro do quadro da filosofia francesa do século XX, o artigo procura demonstrar de que maneira a função de regulação é um dos pilares organizadores do pensamento do “vivo” (le vivant em sua obra

  17. Di sfondo e allo specchio. L’antropologia religiosa di Georg Simmel - There in the background and in the mirror. George Simmel's religious anthropology

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    Mariachiara Spagnolo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to highlight some shadowed perspectives contained in the Collected Essays on the Sociology of Religion, which include the works published by Georg Simmel from 1898 to 1918, year of the philosopher’s death. Other writings of the Author are used for comparison, or to explain the evolution of the Simmelean thought, or its unravelling in expositive analyses in which the role of religion, or spirituality, is not as decisive as in the essays published in 1906, and later in 1912 (Die Religion. Here religion and spirituality complement a worldview whose connections between art/religion/spiritualism, or those of a symbolism between goods/subjects/individual and society, merge also into unexpected religious manifestations, which are not, however, oriented towards an image that can be defined or centred by means of a strictly religious order or frame. An analysis of Simmel’s texts reveals that religion is also composed of an inventory with unlimited non-catalogued possibilities: human and religious representations do not dismantle the sentiment/impulse that stirs them; rather they arrest it in one of the many ‘forms’ of the possible reality, which is always re-combinable and always knowable. Keywords: Religion, spiritualism, goods, religious representations

  18. Environmental conditions of interstadial (MIS 3 and features of the last glacial maximum on the King George island (West Antarctica

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    S. R. Verkulich

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The interstadial marine deposits stratum was described in the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island due to field and laboratory investigations during 2008–2011. The stratum fragments occur in the west and north-west parts of peninsula in following forms: sections of soft sediments, containing fossil shells, marine algae, bones of marine animals and rich marine diatom complexes in situ (11 sites; fragments of shells and bones on the surface (25 sites. According to the results of radiocarbon dating, these deposits were accumulated within the period 19–50 ky BP. Geographical and altitude settings of the sites, age characteristics, taxonomy of fossil flora and fauna, and good safety of the soft deposits stratum allow to make following conclusions: during interstadial, sea water covered significant part of King George Island up to the present altitude of 40 m a.s.l., and the King George Island glaciation had smaller size then; environmental conditions for the interstadial deposit stratum accumulation were at least not colder than today; probably, the King George island territory was covered entirely by ice masses of Last glacial maximum not earlier than 19 ky BP; during Last glacial maximum, King George Island was covered by thin, «cold», not mobile glaciers, which contribute to conservation of the soft marine interstadial deposits filled with fossil flora and fauna.

  19. The recent record of climate on the range of the George River Caribou Herd, Northern Québec and Labrador, Canada

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    J.D. Jacobs

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Records from permanent meteorological stations in and around the range of the George River Caribou Herd have been analyzed for the 1950-1991 period in order to identify climatic factors potentially influencing the numbers, condition, and distribution of caribou. Winter conditions identified include a significant temperature decrease over the period and some years of extreme snowfall. Spatial variations in snow cover may be responsible for shifts in winter range. Indications are that summer climate has not varied significantly, but spring and summer conditions may not have been particularly favourable for plant productivity in the summer range of females and calves. Climatological observations more representative of the summer range are needed for a better understanding of ecological relationships there.

  20. Manifestaciones clínicas y variabilidad inmunológica en nueve pacientes con síndrome de DiGeorge

    OpenAIRE

    Aglony I,Marlene; Lizama C,Macarena; Méndez R,Cecilia; Navarrete S,Carmen; Garay G,Francisco; Repetto L,Gabriela; Pérez L,Rebeca; Carrión A,Flavio; Talesnik G,Eduardo

    2004-01-01

    DiGeorge syndrome is characterized by developmental defects of the heart, parathyroid glands and thymus. Aim: To describe the clinical variability of DiGeorge syndrome and its relation with immunodeficiency. Patients and methods: A three years retrospective chart review from three hospitals of Santiago, Chile was conducted. We included patients with neonatal diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome. Clinical and immuno-logic data were collected from their initial evaluation. Results: We found 9 patient...

  1. Georges DIDI-HUBERMAN, "La ressemblance par contact. Archéologie, anachronisme et modernité de l'empreinte", in G. Didi-Huberman (dir.), L'Empreinte, Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1997, p. 15-192.

    OpenAIRE

    Gunthert, André

    2002-01-01

    L'ouvrage édité par le Centre Georges Pompidou à l'occasion de l'exposition dirigée par Georges Didi-Huberman et Didier Semin adjoint au catalogue des oeuvres un important essai de Didi-Huberman, qui résume plus de dix années de recherches. Quoique ce texte ne traite pas directement de photographie, sa lecture s'avère très profitable sur le plan de la théorie de l'image photographique. Ni histoire ni anthropologie de l'empreinte, ce texte propose, sous la forme d'une promenade socratiq...

  2. Experimental Determination of the Angular Acceptance of the STrong Gradient Electromagnetic Online Recoil Separator for Capture Gamma Ray Experiment (St. George) and Observation of Quadrupole Field Reproducibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feltman, William; Couder, Manoel; Morales, Luis; Gilardy, Gwen; Seymour, Chris; Moylan, Shane; St. George Team Team

    2017-09-01

    The STrong Gradient Electromagnetic Online Recoil separator for capture Gamma ray Experiment (St. George) is in the process of determining its experimental limits. Currently the focus is on determining the angular acceptance of particles entering the St. George beam line. The demonstration of the current experimental angular acceptance is discussed in addition to the necessary procedure to ensure that St. George's quadrupoles generate consistent magnetic fields. The group working with the St. George Recoil separator located in the Nuclear Science Lab at the University of Notre Dame, located in Notre Dame Indiana.

  3. Social Movements Against Racist Police Brutality and Department of Justice Intervention in Prince George's County, Maryland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutto, Jonathan W; Green, Rodney D

    2016-04-01

    Racist police brutality has been systemic in Prince George's County, Maryland. The victims include African Americans, the mentally challenged, and immigrant populations, creating a complex and uneven public health impact. Three threads characterize the social movements and intervention since 1970. First, a significant demographic shift occurred as African Americans became the majority population in the late 1980s when the first Black county executive was elected in 1994. Despite the change in political leadership, police brutality remained rampant. Lower-income households located close to the District of Columbia and "inside the beltway" experienced the most police brutality. In 2001, The Washington Post revealed that between 1990 and 2000, Prince George's police shot and killed more citizens per officer than any of the 50 largest city and county law enforcement agencies in the country, 84 % of whom were black. Of the 147 persons shot during the 1990s, 12 were mentally and/or emotionally disturbed; 6 of these shootings were fatal. Second, resistance to police brutality emerged in a variety of political formations throughout the period, especially in the late 1990s. Sustained community pressure prompted the Department of Justice (DOJ) to open a civil rights investigation of the police department in November 2000. To avoid a potential federal lawsuit, the county leadership negotiated a memorandum of agreement (MOA) with the DOJ to enact policy reforms, part of which called for supplementing the departmental mobile crisis team, comprised of mental health care professionals, to respond to all cases involving mentally challenged citizens. Third, the incomplete process of change subsequent to the ending of DOJ oversight suggests a continued challenge to social movements opposing police brutality. This study focuses on the effectiveness of the MOA along with the activism of the People's Coalition for Police Accountability (PCPA) in reforming a culture of police brutality

  4. Dual-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization assay for detecting deletions associated with VCFS/DiGeorge syndrome I and DiGeorge syndrome II loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berend, S A; Spikes, A S; Kashork, C D; Wu, J M; Daw, S C; Scambler, P J; Shaffer, L G

    2000-04-10

    Over 90% of patients with DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) or velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) have a microdeletion at 22q11.2. Given that these deletions are difficult to visualize at the light microscopic level, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been instrumental in the diagnosis of this disorder. Deletions on the short arm of chromosome 10 are also associated with a DGS-like phenotype. Since deletions at 22q11.2 and at 10p13p14 result in similar findings, we have developed a dual-probe FISH assay for screening samples referred for DGS or VCFS in the clinical laboratory. This assay includes two test probes for the loci, DGSI at 22q11.2 and DGSII at 10p13p14, and centromeric probes for chromosomes 10 and 22. Of 412 patients tested, 54 were found to be deleted for the DGSI locus on chromosome 22 (13%), and a single patient was found deleted for the DGSII locus on chromosome 10 (0. 24%). The patient with the 10p deletion had facial features consistent with VCFS, plus sensorineural hearing loss, and renal anomalies. Cytogenetic analysis showed a large deletion of 10p [46, XX,del(10)(p12.2p14)] and FISH using a 10p telomere region-specific probe confirmed the interstitial nature of the deletion. Analysis for the DGSI and the DGSII loci suggests that the deletion of the DGSII locus on chromosome 10 may be 50 times less frequent than the deletion of DGSI on chromosome 22. The incidence of deletions at 22q11.2 has been estimated to be 1 in 4000 newborns; therefore, the deletion at 10p13p14 may be estimated to occur in 1 in 200,000 live births. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. George Baldessin’s first view of the city: The formative influence of the Italian sculptor Alik Cavaliere on George Baldessin

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    Victoria Perin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Sasha Grishin’s 2014 book, Australian art: a history, he begins his discussion of printmaker-sculptor George Baldessin (1939-1978 with a statement about the artist’s migration to Australia. While this is appropriate, as Baldessin’s art is intimately involved with his relationship to ‘place’, extensive biographical interpretations have meant that the consequences of Baldessin’s life have long overshadowed the consequences of his art. After travelling to Milan in 1962 to study with the internationally renowned Marino Marini, Baldessin found himself under the tutelage of Marini’s lesser-known studio assistant, Alik Cavaliere (1926-1998. Cavaliere’s phenomenological philosophy, which informed his approach to sculpture, formed a foundational basis for Baldessin’s later work in Australia. After his return from Milan, the young artist created works that were derivative of Cavaliere. This was contemporary Milanese art, Melbourne style. Over time this influence became less obvious, and Baldessin slowly transformed Cavaliere’s approach into something idiosyncratic and deeply personal. Yet the basic tenets of Cavaliere’s philosophy remain traceable in Baldessin’s most admired work, the installation produced for the 1975 São Paulo Biennial – the sculpture Occasional screens with seating arrangement with the print suite Occasional images from a city chamber. Cavaliere’s advocacy for works which simulated ‘place’ and being-in-the-world struck a chord with Baldessin. Not least because Baldessin was raised relatively close to Milan, a truth he often obscured.

  6. Un viejo pensador para resignificar una categoría psicosocial: George Mead y la socialización An old thinker to resignify a psychosocial category: George Mead and socialization

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    Marina Edith Tomasini

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    En este artículo pretendo aportar líneas conceptuales para resignificar la socialización como categoría psicosocial, desde una perspectiva productiva para situar la comprensión de los procesos de subjetivación. Revisaré ciertos reduccionismos y linealidad explicativa en algunos abordajes de la socialización y argumentaré que la intersubjetividad es un nivel fértil para desarrollar categorías de comprensión que sean inclusivas de distintas dimensiones. En tal sentido, recupero categorías de la Psicología Social de George Mead ya que su trabajo es basal en cuanto a proponer una ontología de la intersubjetividad. Hay dos ejes que intento articular a lo largo del análisis de las categorías de Mead: i. el proceso simbólico en el que ancla la constitución de la persona, a través de los intercambios comunicativos en la acción intersubjetiva. ii. La pluralidad de perspectivas y la diversificación de expectativas de comportamiento que operan como referencia de las acciones, lo que, en mi interpretación, abre a una conceptualización de la socialización como un proceso conflictivo de diferenciación social.

    In this article I pretend to provide conceptual lines to resignify socialization as a psychosocial category, from a productive perspective in order to situate the comprehension of subjectivation processes. I will review some reductionist and linear explanations found in certain approaches to socialization, and provide arguments to say that intersubjectivity is a prolific level to develop comprehension categories that include

  7. River of Blood: George Martin’s Fevre Dream and the road to dark designr

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    Andrew Howe

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p81 With his publication of Fevre Dream in 1982, George R. R. Martin tried his hand at the “sympathetic vampire” tale, one popularized just a few years previously by Anne Rice.  A tale of vampires haunting the American South during the lead up to the Civil War, Fevre Dream focused upon moral ambiguity, the brutality of power, and other narrative aspects that would eventually emerge more fully developed in the author’s magnum opus, the acclaimed A Song of Ice and Fire series.  Largely forgotten, Fevre Dream is important in that a close reading of the text indicates Martin’s embrace of dark fantasy, not only in the bleak thematic material but also in the embrace of real-world historical events (the American Civil War and institutions (slavery.

  8. CRITICA LITERÁRIA - Poder, sentimento e terror na literatura de George Orwell

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    Claudio Marcio Coelho

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O escritor inglês George Orwell (1903-1950 alcançou reconhecimento mundial ao escrever duas obras marcantes: A revolução dos bichos (1945 – sátira ao regime comunista na qual o autor retrata alegoricamente a “revolução traída”, e defende a tese de que aos golpes de Estado segue-se uma tirania reacionária que age em nome dos ideais revolucionários – e Nineteen eighty four (1948, 1949 – ficção e visão da sociedade mundial no ano de 1984, controlada pelo Ingsoc (Sistema Socialista Inglês e marcada pelo controle totalitário das atividades humanas em todas as instâncias (intelectuais, sociais, emocionais, sexuais….

  9. Literatura e História em duas obras de George Orwell

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    Daniel Puglia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A obra de George Orwell frequentemente estabelece conexões entre panorama histórico e forma literária. Tendo em vista um olhar crítico sobre a realidade, os narradores orwellianos tecem uma rede de estórias que refletem a fundo a Inglaterra dos anos 1930. No romance A Flor da Inglaterra e no ensaio documental O Caminho Para Wigan Pier está presente a discussão sobre o socialismo em diferentes camadas sociais, uma reverberação da tensão do período entre as Guerras Mundiais. Cada obra, à sua maneira, nos leva a algumas conclusões sobre as pontes entre história e literatura como ferramentas analíticas.

  10. Review: Georg Glasze & Annika Mattissek (Eds. (2009. Handbuch Diskurs und Raum [Handbook on Discourse and Space

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    Katharina Manderscheid

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This edited book by Georg GLASZE and Annika MATTISSEK constitutes an introduction to the debate on space and discourse in human geography. The book comprises three parts. The first and lengthiest one consists of theoretical contributions and concepts of discourse studies in human geography. The articles in the second part conceptualise space from a discourse-theoretical perspective, and the third part of the book presents a selection of methods for discourse analysis in empirical geography. The book is a very useful introduction for researchers and students as well as an intermediary overview over the emerging field of social scientific research into spatialities inspired by poststructuralist approaches. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1002172

  11. The philosophical poetics of George Steiner. A rhetoric and dramatic reading of Antigones

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    Armando Pego Puigbó

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the work of George Steiner Antigones plays a singular role. It is his book more philological in a classical sense, offering simultaneously a view over the 19th and 20th century philosophical reception of the Sophocles’ tragedy. This paper tries to analyze its general design and the disposition of its parts reflecting the philosophical interpretations which Steiner himself comments according to a rhetorical grammatical methodology. Having been built on a dramatic and musical pattern, its fields of analysis are those of translation, ontology and structural anthropology from Hegel and Hölderlin to Heideggeror Lévi-Strauss. The echoes and the parallelisms between its sections reflect, on the one hand, the dialectical irony of Sören Kierkegaard and, on the other hand, the attention to the details as studied byJacob Burckhardt or Aby Warburg

  12. Between normal and pathological: Ludwik Fleck, Georges Canguilhem and the genesis of historical epistemology

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    Mauro Lucio Leitão Condé

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to address, starting from some aspects of the thought of Ludwik Fleck and Georges Canguilhem, the genesis of historical epistemology in the history of science. Specifically, it seeks the contribution of the biological matrix, or the life sciences, presented by these authors, as a central framework in the constitution of historical epistemology. In other words, more than a search of similarities between Fleck and Canguilhem, the main goal is to show how, in formulating independently their ideas of history of science – especially the history of medicine – these authors contributed decisively to the basis of a historical epistemology that will be, throughout the twentieth century, a new thought style for understanding the history of science.

  13. [Normal or pathological? - The view of Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhoeff, B

    2010-01-01

    Normal or pathological? - The distinction between normality and pathology is discussed on the basis of the views expressed in the work of the medical doctor and philosopher, Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995). Canguilhem shows that the distinction cannot be made at a biological or statistical level. In essence, pathology seems to be irreducibly qualitative. Personal suffering, dysfunction and limitations play a central role in pathology and are clearly linked to an inability to change and adapt in a flexible and creative way. Furthermore, Canguilhem shows that a biological, psychological or behavioural abnormality cannot be separated from the experience and valuation of the individual as a whole from his or her situation in a particular context. Some implications of Canguilhem’s work for psychiatry will be discussed.

  14. An introduction to the medical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem: moving beyond Michel Foucault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spicker, S F

    1987-11-01

    Although American philosophers and physicians are generally familiar with the writings of Claude Bernard (1813-1878), especially his Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine (1865), the medical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem, born in 1904, is virtually unknown in English speaking nations. Although indebted to Bernard for his conception of the methods to be employed in the acquisition of medical knowledge, Canguilhem radically reformulates Bernard's concepts of 'disease', 'health', 'illness', and 'pathology'. Contemporary exhortations to medical professionals and medical students that they "pay more attention to the whole patient" take on significance in working through the writings of Canguilhem; of crucial importance is the relation that obtains between a patient's unique symptomatology and the proper drug regiment that is required.

  15. George Henry Falkiner Nuttall and the origins of parasitology and Parasitology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, F E G

    2009-10-01

    By the beginning of the twentieth century, most of the major discoveries concerning the nature and life cycles of parasites had been made and tropical medicine was beginning to establish itself as a discipline but parasitology still lacked any real cohesion or focus. This focus arrived in 1908 when George Nuttall founded a new journal, Parasitology, as a Supplement to the Journal of Hygiene in order to cater for increasing numbers of papers on protozoological, helminthological and entomological topics that were being submitted for publication to that journal; thus bringing these three subjects together under one heading and, in doing so, established the discipline of parasitology. The events leading up to and the subsequent development of the discipline are discussed.

  16. U.S. response to hurricanes Mitch and George incorporates rebuilding and mitigation efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstock, Randy

    The hurricane rainfall steadily pounded hillsides into mud slides and pushed rivers far beyond their banks. More than 10,000 people lost their lives as a result of Hurricane Mitch, which stomped through Central America and the Caribbean in October and November 1998. The storm also displaced 3 million people, inflicted billions of dollars worth of damage in the region, and created a public health hazard and a number of other problems, according to a U.S. government analysis.Mitch “literally was the worst storm in the history of this hemisphere,” said Tipper Gore, wife of the U.S. vice president, who led a U.S. delegation to the region following the hurricane. And Mitch hit just one month after Hurricane George whipped through the Caribbean.

  17. The hallmark of Hans-Georg Gadamer in Reinhart Koselleck. Contributions to Conceptual History

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    Froilan Ramos Rodriguez

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the influence of the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002 on the conceptual history of Reinhart Koselleck (1923-2006, as well as the intellectual relationship between them. In this sense, the main biographical features of both academics have been revised, and a re-examination of the ideas —of temporality and language—, that inspired and contributed to their formation and works, to analyse the primordial premises of their creations, in Truth and method, Past Future and History and Hermeneutics. Altogether, the central conceptions of both authors and their links are reflected upon, as well as the relevance of their contributions to historical science of the XXI century.

  18. DİN ANTROPOLOJİSİNİN KURUCULARINDAN JAMES GEORGE FRAZER (1854- 1941)

    OpenAIRE

    ALICI, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    Tylor'un öğrencilerinden olan James George Frazer, ünü antropolojl çevrelerini de aşan bir akademisyen olarak 1890 yılında ilk iki dldini daha sonralan on iki ciltte toplamış olduğu şaheseri Golden Bough (Altın Dal) gibi çarpıa eserleriyle Victoria döneminin önde gelen evrime! antropologlanndan biridir. Onun boyutlan geniş, dünya çapında örneklerle beslediği mukayeseli araştırmalan mit, din, falklor ve diğer "ekzotik inançlan" kapsar. Diğer evrimci antropologlar gibi Frazer da ...

  19. Polidactilia em recém-nascido com Síndrome de DiGeorge

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco, Andreia; Teixeira, Ana M.; Gaspar, Isabel; Anjos, Rui

    2013-01-01

    O Síndrome de DiGeorge/síndrome da delecção 22q11.2 1,2 é caracterizado por um largo espectro de anomalias que incluem cardiopatia congénita, insuficiência velo-faríngea, imunodeficiência primária, alterações endócrinas, dificuldade de aprendizagem, alterações psiquiátricas e anomalias faciais minor,3.  A polidactilia é uma anomalia  rara neste síndrome4,5, não havendo descritos casos de polidactilia pós-axial em três membros.Apresentamos o caso de uma recém nascida prematura (35 semanas) com...

  20. Rooted Deep: Discovering the Literary Identity of Mythopoeic Fantasist George Macdonald

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Johnson Kirstin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a conversational reassessment of George MacDonald, the Victorian fantasist who so profoundly shaped such writers as C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. Primary research challenges the common portrayal of MacDonald as an accidental novelist, revealing instead his clear trajectory and vocation as a devoted literary scholar. Clarifying the definition of mythopoeic as applied by the Oxford Inklings to MacDonald draws attention to their conviction that attentive response to one’s literary roots is what engenders novel literature with transformative potential. Further research proves this to be in keeping with the work and legacy of MacDonald and his mentor A.J. Scott. An intentional participation in this relational nature of literary tradition is a crucial element of the work and legacy to which the Inklings and their successors are heirs.

  1. Appendicitis Caused by Primary Varicella Zoster Virus Infection in a Child with DiGeorge Syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smedegaard, Lotte Møller; Christiansen, Claus Bohn; Melchior, Linea Cecilie

    2017-01-01

    of appendicitis is largely unknown but is thought to be multifactorial. Appendicitis is a suspected, but not well documented, complication from varicella zoster virus infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A five-year-old girl diagnosed with DiGeorge syndrome and a prolonged primary VZV infection was admitted due...... to abdominal pain, increasing diarrhoea, vomiting, and poor general condition. She developed perforated appendicitis and an intraperitoneal abscess. VZV DNA was detected by PCR in two samples from the appendix and pus from the abdomen, respectively. The child was treated with acyclovir and antibiotics...... and the abscess was drained twice. She was discharged two weeks after referral with no sequela. CONCLUSION: Abdominal pain in children with viral infections can be a challenge, and appendicitis has to be considered as a complication to acute viral diseases, especially if the child is immunocompromised....

  2. Georg Simmel y los mandarines alemanes. Un forastero en la academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Cárdenas García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la carrera académica de Georg Simmel mediante una exploración de la naturaleza del campo académico en la Alemania de su tiempo. Por un lado se muestran sus características institucionales, por otro se expone la configuración de una especie de visión dominante de lo que debían ser y hacer las ciencias sociales y humanidades dentro del proyecto nacional germano. En ese campo, Simmel no siguió un curso típico, ni en su práctica académica ni en su producción intelectual, de modo que sólo tardíamente y después de varios rechazos obtuvo el puesto de profesor de carrera.

  3. Hermeneutics and the philosophy of medicine: Hans-Georg Gadamer's platonic metaphor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingiardi, V; Grieco, A

    1999-09-01

    Taking as our starting point Plato's metaphor of the doctor as philosopher we reflect on some aspects of the epistemological status of medicine. The framework to this paper is the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer which shows the paradoxical nature of Western medicine in choosing the body-object as its investigative starting point, while in actual fact dealing with subjects. Gadamer proposes a model of medicine as the art of understanding and dialogue, which is capable of bringing together its various constituent parts, i.e. knowledge, knowing how to do and knowing how to be, in medical practice and in the physician's training. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the dyadic figure of the physician as Platonic "master of the living totality" and wounded healer, capable of activating the patient's self-healing capacity.

  4. Georges Dreyer (1873-1934) and a forgotten episode of respiratory physiology at Oxford.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John B; Sidebottom, Eric

    2006-08-01

    Georges Dreyer was the first Professor of Pathology at Oxford University and he held this post from 1907 to 1934. Although his main research interests were in bacteriology and immunity, he made important contributions to respiratory physiology, but these have been almost completely forgotten. He developed a new apparatus for administering low oxygen mixtures to test the effects of hypoxia in airmen during World War I, developed a high successful oxygen delivery system, was responsible for the first low-pressure chamber in a UK academic institution, and carried out some physiological measurements in the chamber that were years ahead of their time. His chamber was also used by a group from Cambridge and Turin, Italy for a series of important physiological studies. In spite of these contributions, almost nobody who works in respiratory physiology today, even in Oxford, recognizes the name of Dreyer.

  5. 'Molecules and monkeys': George Gaylord Simpson and the challenge of molecular evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronson, Jay D

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, I analyze George Gaylord Simpson's response to the molecularization of evolutionary biology from his unique perspective as a paleontologist. I do so by exploring his views on early attempts to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships among primates using molecular data. Particular attention is paid to Simpson's role in the evolutionary synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, as well as his concerns about the rise of molecular biology as a powerful discipline and world-view in the 1960s. I argue that Simpson's belief in the supremacy of natural selection as the primary driving force of evolution, as well as his view that biology was a historical science that seeks ultimate causes and highlights contingency, prevented him from acknowledging that the study of molecular evolution was an inherently valuable part of the life sciences.

  6. La Jeanne d’Arc de Georges Méliès

    OpenAIRE

    Malthête, Jacques

    2007-01-01

    Au printemps 1900, Georges Méliès met en scène Jeanne d’Arc (n° 264-275 de son catalogue). C’est son deuxième film à tableaux après Cendrillon (1899), et son premier film qui dépasse les 200 mètres ; mais, contrairement à Cendrillon qui accumule vingt tableaux pour six plans-décors seulement, Jeanne d’Arc compte autant de plans-décors – douze – que de tableaux. Ce sont les deux premiers très grands succès de Méliès. Jeanne d’Arc est omniprésente dans les études sur les débuts du spectacle cin...

  7. The contribution of the Georges Heights Experimental Radar Antenna to Australian radio astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orchiston, Wayne; Wendt, Harry

    2017-12-01

    During the late 1940s and throughout the1950s Australia was one of the world’s foremost astronomical nations owing primarily to the dynamic Radio Astronomy Group within the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organisation’s Division of Radiophysics based in Sydney. The earliest celestial observations were made with former WWII radar antennas and simple Yagi aerials attached to recycled radar receivers, before more sophisticated purpose-built radio telescopes of various types were designed and developed. One of the recycled WWII antennas that was used extensively for pioneering radio astronomical research was an experimental radar antenna that initially was located at the Division’s short-lived Georges Heights Field Station but in 1948 was relocated to the new Potts Hill Field Station in suburban Sydney. In this paper we describe this unique antenna, and discuss the wide-ranging solar, galactic and extragalactic research programs that it was used for.

  8. Study of Abandoned Heritage Buildings from the Owners’ Perspectives in George Town, Penang.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Shukuri N.B.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Abandoning a heritage building is not a new phenomenon. In George Town, Penang specifically, there are many dilapidated heritage buildings that can be seen. These undeniable eye sores affect Penang’s designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This research aims to identify and assess the issues related to the dangerous hazards of abandoned buildings as well as problems involved in restoring these historical structures in order to determine how severe the current situation is. This study was also carried out to better understand the reasons why owners decide to leave heritage buildings unoccupied to the point that they became unsafe to inhabit. A total of six case studies were carried out with data collection focusing on the historical background of each site, clarification of the causes of neglect to each heritage building and plans made by respective owners towards the future of their properties. The majority of relevant information was gathered through semi-structured interviews.

  9. Louis Gill, George Orwell, de la guerre civile espagnole à 1984

    OpenAIRE

    David, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Publié en 2005, le livre de l’économiste canadien Louis Gill, George Orwell, de la guerre civile espagnole à 1984, a été réédité en 2012. L’auteur a souhaité mettre en lumière, à partir d’une période marquante de la vie d’Eric Arthur Blair (le vrai patronyme d’Orwell), les causes (intellectuelles) qui l’ont conduit à produire des œuvres retentissantes mais pas toujours décryptées à leur juste mesure, notamment quant à leur nature ou leur portée : La Ferme des animaux et 1984. Découpé en cinq ...

  10. Doing the Impossible George E Mueller and the Management of NASA’s Human Spaceflight Program

    CERN Document Server

    Slotkin, Arthur L

    2012-01-01

    This excellent account of one of the most important personalities in early American human spaceflight history describes for the first time how George E. Mueller, the system manager of the human spaceflight program of the 1960s, applied the SPO methodology and other special considerations, resulting in the success of the Apollo Program. While Wernher von Braun and others did not really readily accept Mueller's approach to system management, they later acknowledged that without it NASA would not have landed astronauts on the Moon by 1969. While Apollo remained Mueller's top priority, from his earliest days at the agency he promoted a robust post-Apollo program, which culminated in Skylab, the Space Shuttle, and the International Space Station. As a result of these efforts, Mueller earned the sobriquet: "the father of the Space Shuttle."

  11. The origin of the resurrection idea: A dialogue with George Nickelsburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J.W. (Flip Schutte

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a review article on George W E Nickelsburg’s book Resurrection, immortality, and eternal life in intertestamental Judaism and early Christianity. The aim of this article is to reflect on the results of Nickelsburg’s research with regard to the earliest Christians’ understanding of Jesus’ resurrection. Nickelsburg investigated the topic of the afterlife in intertestamental Judaism and early Christianity from three perspectives namely, resurrection, immortality, and eternal life. The book focuses on the origins of these perspectives and the dynamics involved in the development of theological understanding of Jesus’ resurrection in earliest Christianity. Part one of the article represents the content of Nickelsburg’s book, and part two consists of comments debating the results that Nickelsburg puts on the table.

  12. Georges Teissier (1900–1972) and the Modern Synthesis in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loison, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    This Perspectives is devoted to the ideas of the French zoologist Georges Teissier about the mechanisms of evolution and the relations between micro- and macroevolution. Working in an almost universally neo-Lamarckian context in France, Teissier was one of the very few Darwinians there at the time of the evolutionary synthesis. The general atmosphere of French zoology during the 1920s and the 1930s will first be recalled, to understand the specific conditions in which Teissier became a zoologist. After a brief overview of his joint work with Philippe L’Héritier on the experimental genetics of Drosophila, this article describes the ways Teissier, during the 1950s, conceptualized the mechanisms that could allow for macroevolutionary transitions. PMID:24089462

  13. George Orwell (1903-1950)--writer, socialist, eccentric and tuberculosis sufferer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubovsky, H

    1995-10-01

    George Orwell, born Eric Blair in India in 1903, the third generation of colonial service stock, joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma in 1922 after leaving school in England. Rejecting the racial and cultural barriers of colonial rule he encountered there, he returned to England to become a writer. He became allied to leftist and labour causes and, based on personal participation, documented the life and work of the underprivileged and working classes in England and Paris. He also fought with the leftist alliance in the Spanish Civil War against Franco's army revolt against the Republican Government. Although a fine essayist and master of English prose, he is best known for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, two political satires on the Soviet system and totalitarianism respectively. These brought him fame and financial security shortly before his death of tuberculosis at the age of 47, after a life of recurrent ill health and economic hardship.

  14. The effects of child abuse as seen in adults: George Orwell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shengold, L

    1985-01-01

    The author presents the case of a patient who showed the massive defensive effects seen in people who were abused in childhood. These effects are similar to those described in George Orwell's 1984 and in his autobiographical writings: denial and "doublethink"; masochistic submission to the tormentor; turning of anger against the self and loving "Big Brother"; identifying with the abuser and tormenting others; a burgeoning of anal mechanisms and obsessive phenomena that results in a massive isolation of affects; excessive emotional control alongside outbursts of rage. The interference with memory and emotions compromises identity and humanity. The unforseeable evolution of innate gifts in a child sometimes permits a partial transcendence of these crippling defenses, as Orwell partially transcended what appears to have been the emotional deprivation of his childhood and what he felt to have been the abuse of his schoolboy years.

  15. A natural history of mathematics: George Peacock and the making of English algebra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Kevin

    2013-06-01

    In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, arithmetic would suggest arithmetical algebra, and, finally, arithmetical algebra would suggest symbolic algebra. This philosophy of suggestion provided the foundation for Peacock's "principle of equivalent forms," which justified the practice of nineteenth-century English symbolic algebra. Peacock's philosophy of suggestion owed a considerable debt to the early Cambridge Philosophical Society culture of natural history. The aim of this essay is to show how that culture of natural history was constitutively significant to the practice of nineteenth-century English algebra.

  16. Philosophical hermeneutics and the project of Hans Georg Gadamer: implications for nursing research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, K

    1996-12-01

    The paper begins with an overview of the historical roots of philosophical hermeneutics grounded in the work of Husserl and Heidegger. It goes on to explore the philosophical hermeneutics of Hans Georg Gadamer as a philosophy useful to nursing research. The four concepts of prejudice, the fusion of horizons, the hermeneutic circle and play are discussed, as are the implications these concepts have for nursing research. These concepts have been utilized in the author's own research and examples from this research are given to illuminate how these concepts can be shaped to the purposes of nursing research. While the concepts discussed stem from the work of Gadamer, the ways they have been utilized by the author do not represent a Gadamerian method. Gadamer's project is purely philosophical.

  17. Impact of tailings from the Kilembe copper mining district on Lake George, Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owor, Michael; Hartwig, Tina; Muwanga, Andrew; Zachmann, Dieter; Pohl, Walter

    2007-01-01

    The abandoned Kilembe copper mine in western Uganda is a source of contaminants, mobilised from mine tailings into R. Rukoki flowing through a belt of wetlands into Lake George. Water and sediments were investigated on the lakeshore and the lakebed. Metal associations in the sediments reflect the Kilembe sulphide mineralisation. Enrichment of metals was compared between lakebed sediments, both for wet and dry seasons. Total C in a lakebed core shows a general increment, while Cu and Co decrease with depth. The contaminants are predominant (> 65%) in the ≤ 63 μm sediment size range with elevated Cu and Zn (> 28%), while Ni, Pb and Co are low (Cu and S. Heavy metal contents in lake waters are not an immediate risk to the aquatic environment.

  18. Georges Lemaître: A Brief Introduction to His Science, His Theology, and His Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holder, Rodney D.; Mitton, Simon

    For several decades historians of astronomy have overlooked the achievements in cosmology of the Belgian priest and professor of physics, Georges Lemaître (1894-1966). In 1927 he became the first to propose a theory of the expansion of the universe to explain the redshifts of galaxies, an advance that is often attributed to Edwin Hubble. Lemaître published the original version of the Hubble Law, and he produced the first estimate of the Hubble constant. He proposed a "Fireworks Universe" that became better known as the Big Bang theory for the origin of the universe, for which he is now popularly regarded as the "father of the Big Bang." This Introduction gives an overview to the 13 chapters in this book, which is devoted to the science and theology of a remarkable scholar, cosmologist, and theologian.

  19. A soberania do mal: Georges Bataille e a inocência culpada da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Joron

    Full Text Available Em seu ensaio crítico sobre La littérature et le mal (1957, Georges Bataille usa todo um arsenal de conceitos e ideias interligadas para dar conta da Soberania do mal em Literatura e, ao mesmo tempo, da soberania da Literatura pelo mal. Com base em pesquisa bibliográfica, o objetivo do estudo aqui proposto será mostrar que esses mesmos conceitos e opções de pensamento já vinham sendo trabalhados em muitos escritos anteriores filosóficos, econômicos e políticos, ou mesmo místicos, que podem formar a base da sociologia heurística do autor. Para Bataille, a Literatura é comunicação. Ela parte de um autor soberano, passa pela servidão de um leitor isolado, e se destina a uma humanidade soberana.

  20. Translation to Spanish and Validation of the Specific Saint George's Questionnaire for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capparelli, Ignacio; Fernandez, Martín; Saadia Otero, Marcela; Steimberg, Jimena; Brassesco, María; Campobasso, Ana; Palacios, Sandra; Caro, Fabian; Alberti, María Laura; Rabinovich, Roberto A; Paulin, Francisco

    2017-11-01

    Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with low exercise tolerance, dyspnea, and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQL). Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most prevalent in the group. A specific version of the Saint George's questionnaire (SGRQ-I) has been developed to quantify the HRQL of IPF patients. However, this tool is not currently validated in the Spanish language. The objective was to translate into Spanish and validate the specific Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (SGRQ-I). The repeatability, internal consistency and construct validity of the SGRQ-I in Spanish were analyzed after a backtranslation process. In total, 23 outpatients with IPF completed the translated SGRQ-I twice, 7 days apart. Repeatability was studied, revealing good concordance in test-retest with an ICC (interclass correlation coefficient) of 0.96 (Ptotal value) (Ptotal score of the questionnaire showed good correlation with forced vital capacity FVC% (r=-0.44; P=.033), diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO%) (r=-0.55; P=.011), partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood PaO2 (r=-0.44; P=.036), Medical Research Council Dyspnea scale (r=-0.65; P<.001), and number of steps taken in 24hours (r=-0.47; P=.024). The Spanish version of SGRQ-Ideveloped by our group shows good internal consistency, reproducibility and validity, so it can be used for the evaluation of quality of life (QOL) in IPF patients. Copyright © 2017 SEPAR. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. George William Hill, the Great but Unknown 19th Century Celestial Mechanician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbin, Brenda G.

    2012-01-01

    George William Hill (1838-1914) has long been considered one of the most famous and talented celestial mechanicians of the past century and a half. However, many people have never heard of him and his work. Simon Newcomb said he "will easily rank as the greatest master of mathematical astronomy during the last quarter of the nineteenth century.” After receiving a B.A. at Rutgers in 1859, Hill began work in 1861 at the office of the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac in Cambridge, MA. He moved to Washington with the group in 1882 which then became part of the U. S. Naval Observatory. Newcomb, beginning his work on planetary motion, assigned the theory of Jupiter and Saturn to him, calling it about the most difficult topic. Hill's work was published by the USNO in 1890 as A New Theory of Jupiter and Saturn. From 1898 to 1901, Hill lectured on the subject of celestial mechanics at Columbia University in a position created just for him. After 1892 and until his death, he lived at the family homestead in West Nyack, NY. He never married, was something of a recluse, and spent most of his time with his books and research. Hill was an amateur botanist and enjoyed exploring on long walks in the countryside. Many honors and awards came to him during his lifetime, both from the U.S. and abroad, including serving as president of the American Mathematical Society. All of Hill's mathematical and astronomical research was incorporated in The Collected Mathematical Works of George William Hill. This work, containing a preface in French by Poincare, was published in 4 large volumes by the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1905.

  2. George Orwell e os desdobramentos literários de uma presença no front

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gohn

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho apresenta as circunstâncias que rodeiam a ida de George Orwell como combatente voluntário à Espanha e a redação de Homage to Catalonia após seu retorno à Inglaterra.

  3. Autonomy and hierarchy in two slave communities: the cases of George (Alabama, United States, 1847 and Lino (Vassouras, Brazil, 1871

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Pereira de Carvalho

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks argue that the search for autonomy among slaves necessarily created hierarchies within the community where they were inserted. Through two cases compared, George in U.S. and Lino in Brazil, seeks to show that a notion of slave community was built by the social actors who were part of it

  4. What Was George Washington's Legacy to American Constitutionalism and Citizenship? We The People...The Citizen and the Constitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Civic Education, Calabasas, CA.

    This supplementary lesson to the "We the People...The Citizen and the Constitution" lessons looks at the legacy of George Washington, an influential leader in the creation of the United States. Upon completion of this lesson students should be able to evaluate, take, and defend a position on the contributions of the "Father of His…

  5. Enhanced maternal origin of the 22q11.2 deletion in velocardiofacial and DiGeorge syndromes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delio, Maria; Guo, Tingwei; McDonald-McGinn, Donna M.; Zackai, Elaine; Herman, Sean; Kaminetzky, Mark; Higgins, Anne Marie; Coleman, Karlene; Chow, Carolyn; Jarlbrzkowski, Maria; Bearden, Carrie E.; Bailey, Alice; Vangkilde, Anders; Olsen, Line; Olesen, Charlotte; Skovby, Flemming; Werge, Thomas M.; Templin, Ludivine; Busa, Tiffany; Philip, Nicole; Swillen, Ann; Vermeesch, Joris R.; Devriendt, Koen; Schneider, Maude; Dahoun, Sophie; Eliez, Stephan; Schoch, Kelly; Hooper, Stephen R.; Shashi, Vandana; Samanich, Joy; Marion, Robert; van Amelsvoort, Therese; Boot, Erik; Klaassen, Petra; Duijff, Sasja N.; Vorstman, Jacob; Yuen, Tracy; Silversides, Candice; Chow, Eva; Bassett, Anne; Frisch, Amos; Weizman, Abraham; Gothelf, Doron; Niarchou, Maria; van den Bree, Marianne; Owen, Michael J.; Suñer, Damian Heine; Andreo, Jordi Rosell; Armando, Marco; Vicari, Stefano; Digilio, Maria Cristina; Auton, Adam; Kates, Wendy R.; Wang, Tao; Shprintzen, Robert J.; Emanuel, Beverly S.; Morrow, Bernice E.

    2013-01-01

    Velocardiofacial and DiGeorge syndromes, also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS), are congenital-anomaly disorders caused by a de novo hemizygous 22q11.2 deletion mediated by meiotic nonallelic homologous recombination events between low-copy repeats, also known as segmental duplications.

  6. 76 FR 38419 - United States v. George's Foods, LLC, et. al.; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... concentrated market, such acquisitions are presumed likely to enhance market power. See Horizontal Merger... facilities. Third, George's will make significant repairs to the roof of the processing plant at the Harrisonburg complex. Completion of the roof repairs will be made as soon as practicable after the signing of...

  7. A Sourcebook of Interdisciplinary Materials in American Drama: George Aiken, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" (1852). Showcasing American Drama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiji, Vera, Ed.

    Prepared as part of a project aimed at redressing the neglect of American drama in college and secondary school programs of drama, American literature, and American studies, this booklet provides primary and secondary source materials to assist teachers and students in the study of George L. Aiken's dramatic adaptation of Harriet Beecher Stowe's…

  8. Birth of a Field: George Baron, Educational Administration and the Social Sciences in England, 1946-1978

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCulloch, Gary

    2014-01-01

    "Educational administration and the social sciences", the landmark text coedited by Baron and Taylor in 1969, represented the study of educational administration as an applied interdisciplinary field. George Baron's own academic career reveals the struggles involved in the construction of this new field and the resistance and opposition…

  9. Bush lubas tõstatada viisavabaduse teema / George W. Bush, Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bush, George W., 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 29. nov. lk. 3,2,2. USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Eesti presidendi Toomas Hendrik Ilvese vastused ajakirjanike küsimustele Eesti Panga Iseseisvussaalis toimunud pressikonverentsil 28. novembril 2006

  10. A Legacy of Neglect: George I. Sanchez, Mexican American Education, and the Ideal of Integration, 1940-1970

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanton, Carlos Kevin

    2012-01-01

    This biographical study of Dr. George I. Sanchez, a leading Mexican American educator, intellectual, and activist from the 1930s through the 1960s, opens up the idea of compensatory education--the prevalent notion of the 1960s that schools use specialized instructional programs to combat the alleged cultural deprivation of some children,…

  11. The Neo-Populist Vision of America: A Fantasy Theme Analysis of George McGovern's Presidential Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semlak, William D.

    The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how the 1972 presidential campaign of George McGovern embodied a rich Neo-Populist rhetorical vision that served as a framework for the candidate's campaign rhetoric. The thesis of the paper is that the Neo-Populist vision of McGovern included three particular fantasies, each of which dressed the…

  12. 78 FR 77171 - Proposed Disposal of George H.W. Bush and Clinton Administration Electronic Backup Tapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Proposed Disposal of George H.W. Bush and Clinton Administration Electronic Backup Tapes AGENCY: Office of Presidential Libraries, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA... Clinton Administration Electronic Backup Tapes'' on June 28, 2013, in the Federal Register (78 FR 125) for...

  13. President Arnold Rüütel andis president George W. H. Bushile üle Maarjamaa Risti / Kärt Ulman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulman, Kärt

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel andis New Yorgis endisele USA presidendile Georg Bushile Eesti iseseisvuspüüdluste toetamise eest Maarjamaa Risti I klassi ordeni. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud president George W. H. Bushiga. Töövisiit New Yorki 13.-17.09.2005

  14. Morphology and ecology of bivalve molluscs from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresinha M. Absher

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Bivalve species were collected from shallow coastal areas of King George Island (Martel, Mackellar and Ezcurra Inlets of Admiralty Bay. Twenty one species belonging to 16 genera and 12 families were identified and their morphometric and morphological shell characteristics were described. Three main characteristics were found to be common to the majority of the bivalve species sampled: 1 thin fragile shells; 2 small size of individuals (76%, and 3 the lack of true cardinal teeth (72%. Comparison of calcium data from a tropical estuary and a subantarctic coastal shallow area suggested that the calcium in the sea water was not a constraint to shell building but shell thickness could be an adaptation to the efficiency of energy partitioning. Small individual size and the lack of true cardinal teeth are discussed in relation to a high deposition environment and widespread mud bottoms.Espécies de bivalves foram coletadas na região costeira rasa da Ilha Rei George (Enseadas Martel, Mackellar e Ezcurra da Baía do Almirantado. Vinte e uma espécies pertencentes a 16 gêneros e 12 famílias foram identificadas e as caractrísticas morfológicas e morfométricas das conchas descritas. Destacaram-se 3 características principais comuns à maioria das espécies: 1 conchas finas e frágeis; 2 pequeno tamanho dos indivíduos (76%, e 3 a ausência de dentes cardinais (72%. A comparação entre os dados de cálcio de um estuário tropical e uma região rasa costeira subantártica sugeriu que os valores de cálcio na água do mar não seriam uma restrição à formação das conchas, mas a espessura das conchas poderia ser uma adaptação à eficiência na distribuição da energia. Discute-se a ausência de dentes cardinais e pequeno tamanho dos indivíduos em ralação a um ambiente de alta deposição e abundância de fundos lodosos.

  15. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur.

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    Annette Disselkamp

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation historique dans la culture monétaire. La modernité, que Simmel caractérise par le fait qu’elle offre aux individus la possibilité d’accéder aux objets et aux positions de leur choix, matérialise en effet une aporie inhérente au concept du bonheur chez Kant, dans la mesure où ce dernier souligne l’indétermination totale des choix, d’un côté, et de l’autre, l’idée que c’est hors de la volonté elle-même que la recherche du bonheur puise ses mobiles.In his relatively unknown text Kant, Georg Simmel develops some critical thoughts concerning Kant’s notion of happiness. The comparison between this text and his analysis of modern society, especially in his work Philosophy of Money, reveals that there exists a perfect correspondence between the philosophical concepts used in the two books. This leads us to conclude that, in Simmel’s eyes, monetary culture represents some kind of historical embodiment of the Kantian notion of happiness. Modernity, which offers all individuals the possibility of acquiring any objects or positions they choose, materialises an aporia inherent in Kant’s concept of happiness, consisting in the fact that, on the one hand, our choices are totally undetermined, and, on the other hand, the search for happiness is motivated by impulsions that lie outside of our will.

  16. From Pariah To Patriot: The Posthumous Career Of George William Gordon

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    Howard Johnson

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Examines the development of the reputation of George William Gordon in Jamaican collective remembering, in relation to changing social, political, and cultural contexts. Author describes Gordon's mixed-raced/brown background and later parliamentary activities in support of poor black labourers, and how he was sentenced to death by governor Eyre for supposedly inciting the 1865 Morant Bay Rebellion led by Paul Bogle. He relates how Gordon was in British historiography depicted as a traitor, while soon after 1865 Gordon was also defended as martyr and hero, and as unjustly sentenced. He shows how up to the early 20th c. the establishment perspective of Gordon as traitor and agitator persisted, but that competing discourses also developed. These came more to the fore since the introduction of universal adult suffrage in 1944, when Gordon first was publicly recognized as a patriot, and he was increasingly seen as national hero after independence. In addition, Gordon was presented, e.g. by the JLP, as a symbol of brown-black cooperation across race and class. Author notes, however, how this was also contested, and that a reputational decline of Gordon set in since the 1980s, increasing after 1992, due to sharpened brown-black divides, related to economic decline among Jamaica's black majority and black nationalism.

  17. Adaptive Re-Use Principles in Historic Hotel Buildings in Melaka And George Town

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    Ab Wahab Lilawati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Adaptive re-use of historic buildings is a process of changing the original function of the historic buildings to another function that can optimise the use of existing historic buildings. The selection of appropriate new function is an important factor in determining the success of adaptive re-use of historic buildings. However, adaptive re-use work done on historic buildings on the World Heritage Site is not an easy task due to rules and principles outlined by local and international charters that must be abide by. This research is conducted to gather the true picture of applied adaptive re-use principles that has been done on heritage hotels available in Melaka and George Town World Heritage Sites. This research is started with an inventory that led to the discovery of 35 hotels which applied the principle of adaptive re-use of historic buildings. Based on this finding, 4 historic hotels from adaptive re-use applications have been selected as the case studies. Results of the case studies carried out show that the level of conservation of heritage hotel is moderate and measures of control should be taken to ensure the privileges of heritage hotel. As a result of this research, a number of suggestions are made to ensure that adaptive re-use work done in the future will be conducted as optimum as possible according to the adaptive re-use and conservation principles.

  18. Sprengel anomaly in deletion 22q11.2 (DiGeorge/Velo-Cardio-Facial) syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radio, Francesca Clementina; Digilio, Maria Cristina; Capolino, Rossella; Dentici, Maria Lisa; Unolt, Marta; Alesi, Viola; Novelli, Antonio; Marino, Bruno; Dallapiccola, Bruno

    2016-03-01

    Sprengel anomaly (SA) is a rare skeletal defect characterized by uni- or bi-lateral elevation of the scapula. This anomaly is often isolated, although it can occur in association with other defects, including cervical spine malformations, cleft palate, and facial anomalies. Neural crest migration anomalies have been involved in the etiology of SA. Since the same embryological pathway accounts for some of the clinical features of deletion 22q11.2 syndrome (del22q11.2; DiGeorge/Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome), we investigated the occurrence of SA in a consecutive series of 235 del22q11.2 patients aged more than 2 years, undergoing a complete clinical and orthopedic assessment of the dorsal and thoracic skeleton. In the present series, two patients were diagnosed with true SA. Present results and published reports suggest that scapular involvement including SA occurs in 1-2% of del22q11.2 individuals. Accordingly, this anomaly should be investigated as one of the possible skeletal findings of del22q11.2 syndrome, while this diagnosis should be excluded in patients presenting with SA associated with other defects. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. The legacy of George L. Beckford’s plantation economy thesis in Jamaica

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    Jean Besson

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Plantation Economy, Land Reform and the Peasantry in a Historical Perspective: Jamaica 1838-1980. CLAUS STOLBERG & SWITHIN WILMOT(eds.- Kingston: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 1992. 145 pp. (Paper n.p. This interdisciplinary collection focuses on the integration of Jamaica's classical plantation economy with the world economy, and the impact of the plantation economy on the peasantry, land reform, and agrarian modemization in Jamaica from emancipation in 1838 up to 1980. The eight papers comprising the volume were, as a one-page editorial "Introduction" outlines, presented at a symposium at the University of the West Indies, Mona, and are dedicated to the late Professor George Beckford whose work on persistent poverty in plantation economies championed the Jamaican peasantry. As such, the book is a welcome addition to the literature on the Caribbean plantation-peasant interface. However, the chapters are uneven in quality, with some reflecting analytical weaknesses and a lack of historical depth. Typographical errors, grammatical mistakes, and poor documentation are also noticeable. In addition, contrasting perspectives emerge among the contributors and this is not addressed by the editors.

  20. The life of concepts: Georges Canguilhem and the history of science.

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    Schmidgen, Henning

    2014-01-01

    Twelve years after his famous Essay on Some Problems Concerning the Normal and the Pathological (1943), the philosopher Georges Canguilhem (1904-1995) published a book-length study on the history of a single biological concept. Within France, his Formation of the Reflex Concept in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1955) contributed significantly to defining the "French style" of writing on the history of science. Outside of France, the book passed largely unnoticed. This paper re-reads Canguilhem's study of the reflex concept with respect to its historiographical and epistemological implications. Canguilhem defines concepts as complex and dynamic entities combining terms, definitions, and phenomena. As a consequence, the historiography of science becomes a rather complex task. It has to take into account textual and contextual aspects that develop independently of individual authors. In addition, Canguilhem stresses the connection between conceptual activities and other functions of organic individuals in their respective environments. As a result, biological concepts become tied to a biology of conceptual thinking, analogical reasoning, and technological practice. The paper argues that this seemingly circular structure is a major feature in Canguilhem's philosophical approach to the history of the biological sciences.

  1. Georges Canguilhem et la question de la « subjectivité » vitale

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    Ciprian Jeler

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a hypothesis regarding the close connection between two problems in Georges Canguilhem’s work. The first problem is that of Canguilhem’s insistence to include considerations about natural selection in his work and of the role that this notion could play therein. The second problem consists in Canguilhem’s tendency to often use the term “life” as the subject of his sentences, even though this tendency may seem to at least partially contradict some of the central theses advanced in his philosophy. This paper attempts to show that these two problems should not be viewed as being isolated from one another, that there is a strong connection between the two and that a certain interpretation of the first one allows us to make sense of the second. To put it otherwise, the aim of this paper is to show that a particular interpretation of the role of natural selection in Canguilhem’s work could help explain why “life” plays the role of a preferred grammatical subject in his writings.

  2. George Berkeley e a tradição platônica

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    Costica Bradatan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Existe já uma grande quantidade de literatura dedicada à presença na filosofia inicial de Berkeley de alguns assuntos tipicamente platônicos (arquétipos, o problema da mente de Deus, a relação entre ideias e coisas, etc.. Baseados em alguns desses escritos, nas próprias palavras de Berkeley, assim como no exame de alguns elementos da tradição platônica num amplo sentido, sugiro que, longe de serem apenas tópicos isolados, livremente espalhados nos primeiros escritos de Berkeley, eles formam uma perfeita rede de aspectos, atitudes e modos de pensar platônicos, e que, por mais alusivos ou ambíguos que esses elementos platônicos possam parecer, eles constituem um todo coerente e complexo, desempenhando um papel importante na formação da própria essência do pensamento de Berkeley. Em outras palavras, sugiro que, dadas algumas das ideias apresentadas em suas primeiras obras, foi de certo modo inevitável para George Berkeley, em virtude da lógica interna do desenvolvimento de seu pensamento, chegar a uma obra tão abertamente platônica e especulativa como Siris (1744.

  3. Can matter and spirit be mediated through language? Some insights from Johann Georg Hamann

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    Detlev Tönsing

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The Enlightenment introduced to European philosophy and thought-patterns the strict dichotomy between res extensa and res cogitans; that is, matter and spirit. How to overcome the dichotomy and conceive of the interactions between these planes of reality has since become an overarching issue for philosophers. The theory of evolution, as founded by Charles Darwin, understands human beings, with their ability to think, to have arisen in the evolutionary process. Neuroscience utilises insights from the theory of complex systems to attempt to understand how perception, thought and self-awareness can arise as a consequence of the complex system that is the brain. However, already at the height of the Enlightenment, a contemporary and critic of Immanuel Kant, Johann Georg Hamann, suggested a metaphor for understanding the interrelationship of matter and thought. This metaphor is language. The appropriateness of this metaphor can be seen both in the importance that language abilities play in the evolutionary transition to the human species and in the characteristics of complex adaptive systems.

  4. James George Frazer’s Anthropologic Heritage in the Work of Robert Graves

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    Tomislav M. Pavlović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The works of Sir James George Frazer had an outstanding influence on the literature of modernism. Among those who benefited from Frazer’s ritualism were W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot. James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, D. H. Lawrence, Ezra Pound, Mary Renault, Joseph Campbell, Robert Graves and many others. Robert Graves was known for his famous adaptation of Frazer’s concept of the sacred king who is sacrificed for the benefit of his subjects thus forming the narrative frame for the one of his most controversial novels. The dying king is also identified with the poet striving to attain the favour of the Triple Muse Goddess - who represents the embodiment of true poetic inspiration. The aforementioned concept is not the only thing that Graves inherited from his famous ancestor. In our analysis we laid stress on the customs, rituals, magic symbols and deities both authors dealt with. We also observed a striking resemblance of the style Greves and Frazer developed and their euchemeristic approach to myths as well.

  5. St. George Mivart as Popularizer of Zoology in Britain and America, 1869-1881.

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    Swain, Emma E

    2017-12-01

    Recent scholarly attentions have shifted from key actors within the scientific elite and religious authorities to scientific practitioners and popularizers who used science to pursue a wide variety of cultural purposes. The Roman Catholic zoologist St. George Mivart (1827-1900) has typically been cast as a staunch anti-Darwinian ostracized by Darwin's inner circle of scientific naturalists. Understood as a popularizer of science, his position can be re-thought. Mivart did not operate on the periphery of Victorian science. Instead, his notable contributions to the fields of zoology and anatomy and his participation in debates about the origin of the human mind, consciousness, and soul made him a central figure in the changing landscape of late-Victorian scientific culture. Through the popular periodical press and his anatomy textbook for beginners, Mivart secured a reputation as a key spokesman for science and gained authority as a leading critic of agnostic scientific naturalism. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Assessing trace element contamination in Fildes Peninsula (King George Island) and Ardley Island, Antarctic.

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    Amaro, Eduardo; Padeiro, Ana; Mão de Ferro, André; Mota, Ana Maria; Leppe, Marcelo; Verkulich, Sergey; Hughes, Kevin A; Peter, Hans-Ulrich; Canário, João

    2015-08-15

    King George Island, situated in the South Shetland Islands archipelago, is one of the most visited sites in Antarctica. This has contributed to a high density of scientific stations and shelters in the region, especially in Fildes Peninsula. In order to evaluate the natural and anthropogenic sources of trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Zn, Pb and Hg) soil and moss samples were collected from different sites in January 2013. In general, the results revealed homogeneous concentrations (μgg(-)(1)) for each element in the majority of collected samples (As: 3.8±1.4; Cd: 0.4±0.9; Cu: 34±4; Zn: 115±13; Pb: 20±5; Hg; 0.011±0.009). However, some samples in specific areas of Fildes Bay showed the existence of local anthropogenic activities that have contributed to the enrichment of contaminants in soils and moss samples that correlated to one another (e.g. Pb: 1101μgg(-)(1)). Human presence is linked to examples of contamination and environmental perturbation, making essential the implementation of this type of study in order to understand and protect unique places in Antarctica. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Georges Bataille, Michel Leiris e a experiência do sagrado no entreguerras

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    Júlia Vilaça Goyatá

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo elucidar os usos e sentidos da noção de sagrado nas formulações teóricas e nas trajetórias intelectuais de Georges Bataille (1897-1962 e Michel Leiris (1901-1990 na Paris dos anos 1930. Em meio às diversas experiências estético-políticas da época, que questionavam as possíveis formas da ação política tendo em vista sua ligação com a arte, destaca-se a proposta do Collège de Sociologie (1937-1939, associação animada pelos autores junto a Roger Caillois (1913-1978. O grupo toma o sagrado em dupla articulação: ao mesmo tempo que conceito descritivo, ele passa a ser entendido também como um operador político. Tal ideia é o ponto de partida para as reflexões conjugadas e ao mesmo tempo originais de Bataille e Leiris.

  8. Henri Bergson y George Bernard Shaw: hábito, vida, muerte

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    Álvaro Cortina Urdampilleta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo indaga en algunos aspectos de la antropología filosófica expuesta en la obra del francés Henri Bergson. Para ello, nos serviremos de la confrontación de su doctrina original con la de un bergsoniano sui generis, el intelectual y dramaturgo irlandés George Bernard Shaw. El Prefacio. A medio siglo infiel, de Shaw, incluido en su obra más ambiciosa, Vuelta a Matusalén. Un Pentateuco Metabiológico, de 1921, será el texto base con el que haremos dialogar a Bergson con este periférico bergsonismo. Tomaremos como hilo conductor la teoría sobre el hábito, en el contexto de la metafísica de la evolución de los seres orgánicos, y lo llevaremos hasta el concepto límite, que parece conciliar ambas posturas: la idea de muerte superable. Ni en Bergson ni en Shaw los hábitos (la Cultura forman parte integral de la esencia del hombre, y la muerte (cuestión en la que Bergson es mucho más elusivo juega en ellos un rol anfibio, entre Cultura y Naturaleza.

  9. A Tragédia da Cultura na Era da Técnica: Georg Simmel

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    Francisco Rüdiger

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Georg Simmel, embora pouco conhecido entre nós, conta-se entre os primeiros críticos ocidentais a pensar o futuro da cultura na era da técnica. Destoando dos juízos correntes em seu tempo (1900, o pensador não viu nesse processo um estágio superior da marcha do progresso, relacionando-o antes com a crise da cultura para a qual havia nos alertado Nietzsche. As considerações seguintes pretendem dar conta da maneira como sua reflexão sobre a tragédia da cultura que tem lugar em nosso tempo comporta um exame do sentido da técnica que pode nos ajudar a pensar o problema das novas tecnologias de comunicação, após ter se tornado um motivo recorrente nos escritos de vários pensadores da técnica de nosso século, de Oswald Spengler e Heidegger a Jacques Ellul, Yves Barel, Arthur Kroker e Eduardo Subirats.

  10. A via analógica no pensamento de Georg Simmel

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    Lenin Bicudo Bárbara

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I deal with the role of analogical reasoning in the thought of Georg Simmel (1858-1918, one of the founders of German sociology. My main goal here is to grasp the relations between analogy-making as a cognitive resource and the style of thought to which Simmel clings. As a first step towards this, I gather the fragments of the history of the concept of analogy that I consider to be the most relevant to Simmel’s reception of it. After that, I put forward a synoptic survey of the instances of analogy that can be identified in those of his works deemed to be the most influential to sociology, viz., his Philosophie des Geldes (1900 and his Soziologie (1908. Finally, I face the question regarding how Simmel handled his analogies as he set out to articulate such intellectual undertakings – aiming to lay bare the connections between this resource and the cognitive ideal of plasticity, conceived as a pervasive guiding principle of Simmel’s sociological and philosophical thought.

  11. Contra la corriente: el experimento de George Bataille y el Collège de Sociologie

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    Victoria D'hers

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Fernando Giobellina Brumana se propone recorrer el camino seguido por el Collège de Sociologie, y para presentarlo parte de su descripción como contracara oscura de L'Année Sociologique, refiriendo detalladamente al rol de George Bataille, Roger Caillois y Michel Leiris. Para comenzar este recorrido, lo más distintivo es la errática herencia del Collège en relación con la escuela que la revista de Emile Durkheim inició. El autor lleva a cabo una reconstrucción rigurosa de fuentes y, conceptualmente, trabaja el uso de lo impuro y lo abyecto, anclándolo en el ejemplo específico de este grupo, esclareciendo paulatinamente las nociones en tensión con el punto de vista de L'Année. En su segunda parte, se guiará por la obra de Hertz para delinear un antecedente a estas experiencias. Con todo, este libro parece ser un texto especializado, una conversación con quien ya sabe. Pero a la vez mantiene un estilo íntimo, donde el autor se reconoce en los personajes y da su opinión sobre ellos.

  12. Maximum Intervention: Renewal of a Maori Waka by George Nuku and National Museums Scotland

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    Charles Stable

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available National Museums Scotland (NMS has in its collections a Mäori war canoe (A.UC.767 or 'Waka Taua 'from New Zealand'.' The 'Waka' had been held in the Museum stores for many years and due to its incompleteness and poor state of repair had not been on public display. It was proposed that the 'Waka' be restored with the intention of it being a focal point of a new permanent gallery in the Royal Museum in Edinburgh dedicated to South Pacific cultures and communities. The gallery was being developed as one part of a £44 million redevelopment of Royal Museum building. Due to its poor condition assistance was sought to help in the restoration, reconstruction and visual interpretation of the 'Waka'. NMS commissioned George Nuku, a Mäori carver, to remake  missing parts. Nuku uses a variety of mediums to carve including Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA. This made a clear distinction between new and original material that could be easily read by the public and reflected Nuku’s conceptual vision of creating physical “ghosts” influenced by the original carvings. Due to the composite construction and condition of the canoe the  project became more complex and  involved. This paper describes how the renewal was done and relationships that developed between the artist, curator and conservator.

  13. The Georges Pompidou University Hospital Clinical Data Warehouse: A 8-years follow-up experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jannot, Anne-Sophie; Zapletal, Eric; Avillach, Paul; Mamzer, Marie-France; Burgun, Anita; Degoulet, Patrice

    2017-06-01

    When developed jointly with clinical information systems, clinical data warehouses (CDWs) facilitate the reuse of healthcare data and leverage clinical research. To describe both data access and use for clinical research, epidemiology and health service research of the "Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou" (HEGP) CDW. The CDW has been developed since 2008 using an i2b2 platform. It was made available to health professionals and researchers in October 2010. Procedures to access data have been implemented and different access levels have been distinguished according to the nature of queries. As of July 2016, the CDW contained the consolidated data of over 860,000 patients followed since the opening of the HEGP hospital in July 2000. These data correspond to more than 122 million clinical item values, 124 million biological item values, and 3.7 million free text reports. The ethics committee of the hospital evaluates all CDW projects that generate secondary data marts. Characteristics of the 74 research projects validated between January 2011 and December 2015 are described. The use of HEGP CDWs is a key facilitator for clinical research studies. It required however important methodological and organizational support efforts from a biomedical informatics department. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. A Treatise for A New Age in Economic Theory: A Review of George Reisman's Capitalism

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    Wladimir Kraus

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available George Reisman’s magnum opus Capitalism: A Treatise on Economics is a monumental attempt at theoretical integration of leading economic phenomena into one unified whole. Few such books have been published in the history of economics. Still fewer of them contain a comparable proportion of path-breaking innovations both in approach and substance that are integrated in a tightly-spun system of thought that Capitalism does. Yet despite its numerous path-breaking contributions to economic theory, the book has attracted virtually zero attention from the scientific community. History shows that for the most part this has been the fate of all great innovations in science. This review attempts (a to point out reasons why the book’s content is revolutionary, and (b to finally start a serious discussion of its substantive ideas. Specifically, the review focuses in some detail on some of Reisman’s most important innovations which all point the way to a wholly new direction in economic theory that promises to provide the hitherto unseen conformity with empirical reality, analytical rigor, and doctrinal integration.

  15. George W. Bush’s War on Terror from a Political Discourse Perspective

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    Łukasz Włodarek

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This work attempts to present the selected aspects of investigation whose main goal is the analysis of different ways of implementing values into a text, which in turn, are to gain political support and to gather interest from the public. Some concepts have been touched upon to account for various forms of verbal realizations from the discourse perspective (Chruszczewski 2002; Van Dijk 1997a; Puzynina 1991; Tyszka 1993; Kłoskowska 1980; Graber 1993; Grabias 2001. In addition to the above, this paper highlights basic American values, which are essential components of the American society. It is to be observed that the aforementioned values are commonly used by politicians delivering public speeches to unite the nation, which in case of American society, is characterized by multiplicity of ethical groups. The analysis tries to shed a little light on the choice of linguistic means included in President George W. Bush’s speeches to the nation able to unite Americans and make them work towards the common goal, namely the struggle against global terror.

  16. Molecular variation of antarctic grass Deschampsia antarctica Desv. from King George Island (Antarctica

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    Katarzyna J. Chwedorzewska

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Deschampsia antarctica Desv. plants collected on King George Islands (Antarctica at two localities that differ in topographic and nutrition conditions exhibited morphological variation that differentiated plants of both locations. The molecular variation characteristic to individuals of both sites was tested using AFLP approach in order to verify whether morphological variation characteristic to the plants resulted from environmental factors or possibly from differences at the DNA level. Four primer pair combinations were used to generate 339 AFLP fragments, 132 of which were polymorphic and allowed evaluation of genetic relationships among D. antarctica individuals. Chi-square test revealed that only 12 signals were discriminative for the plants from both locations. Cluster analysis conducted on these AFLP fragments demonstrated that plants from the location rich in biogenes were more polymorphic than those from poor one. Our data suggest that the phenotypic variation specific to plants of both locations seem to be the result of adaptation to the environmental conditions like soil and moisture rather than reflect genetic differences.

  17. 'A vehicle of symbols and nothing more'. George Romanes, theory of mind, information, and Samuel Butler.

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    Forsdyke, Donald R

    2015-09-01

    Today's 'theory of mind' (ToM) concept is rooted in the distinction of nineteenth-century philosopher William Clifford between 'objects' that can be directly perceived and 'ejects', such as the mind of another person, which are inferred from one's subjective knowledge of one's own mind. George Romanes, a founder with Charles Darwin of the discipline of comparative psychology, considered the minds of animals as ejects, an idea that could be generalized to 'society as eject' and, ultimately, 'the world as an eject' - mind in the universe. Yet, Romanes and Clifford only vaguely connected mind with the abstraction we call 'information', which needs 'a vehicle of symbols' - a material transporting medium. However, Samuel Butler was able to address, in informational terms depleted of theological trappings, both organic evolution and mind in the universe. This view harmonizes with insights arising from modern DNA research, the relative immortality of 'selfish' genes, and some startling recent developments in brain research. © The Author(s) 2015.

  18. Evolutionary trees and the rise of modern primatology: the forgotten contribution of St. George Mivart.

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    Bigoni, Francesca; Barsanti, Giulio

    2011-01-01

    The modern concept of the tree of life originated as a popular, iconic synthesis of the Darwinian evolutionary theory of descent by modification even if Darwin's own trees were hypothetical and abstract. It is generally thought that Ernst Haeckel in 1866 was the first to publish a true evolutionary tree which showed actual taxa. It is apparently forgotten that St. George Mivart beginning in 1865 made significant contributions to the development of evolutionary based trees of life which dealt with primate evolution, including human phylogeny. His trees were built on the most extensive sets of original data published up to that time, and were clearly articulated as working hypotheses. Mivart's trees were surprisingly modern for appearance and for content. Not only are most taxonomic names still in use today, but also many of the issues he raised are still under discussion in current scientific literature. The history of biology and especially that of primatology in the 19th century can benefit from a more thorough knowledge of how the image of the tree was used in scientific writings, especially after Darwin in the context of the theory of evolution by descent from common ancestors. A reappraisal of Mivart's scientific achievements is necessary to better establish the origins and the development not only of evolutionary trees but of modern primatology. The history of primatology, a discipline that is fundamental for investigating the place of humans in nature, would also benefit from a reappraisal of Mivart's role in Victorian biology.

  19. Classification of Inheritance Shop Houses in George Town, Penang - UNESCO World Heritage Site

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    Rozliani Mansor

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Shop house is an urban terrace house attribute of Asian towns from the 18 th century which usually integrates a shop or business premise on the ground floor whilst the family dwells on the upper level, providing both ease and safety. The shop house might also be used entirely as dwelling quarters. Shop houses are constructed in rows and each row is arranged in blocks enclosed within a grid of main roads, back lanes and side roads. A shop house is usually two or three storeys high and is long and narrow, sharing a party wall with neighbours on either side. The Penang shop house is a ideal paradigm of a green building, using materials that are locally obtainable such as lime, clay stone and timber and suited to local geology and weather conditions. Shop houses also possessing architectural characteristics such as air vents and air-well that assist with natural ventilation and cooling. This paper will discuss categories and styles of the shop houses in historic city of George Town which can be divided into nine major groups.

  20. Pioneers of exfoliative cytology in the 19th century: the predecessors of George Papanicolaou.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamantis, A; Magiorkinis, E

    2014-08-01

    The purpose of our study was to summarize the knowledge on exfoliative cytology during the 19th century and to track down Papanicolaou's predecessors. A thorough study of texts, medical books and reports, together with a review of the available literature in PubMed, was undertaken. The study of cytological preparations as a diagnostic procedure can be traced back to the work of the famous French microscopist Alfred François Donné. However, the systematic study and the criteria for the diagnosis of malignant cells should be attributed to Johannes Müller. The increasing interest in the cytological examination of various fluids of the human body can be confirmed by a plethora of studies published during this period. By the end of the 19th century, the invention of new techniques in pathology, such as the introduction of cell block techniques, tissue sections and new staining methods which provided the opportunity to study surgical specimens in three dimensions, led to a decrease in the interest in exfoliative cytology, which was re-discovered by George Papanicolaou almost three decades later. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica

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    MARISÂNGELA V. BARBOSA

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi make up an important ecological niche in ecosystems, and knowledge of their diversity in extreme environments is still incipient. The objective of this work was to evaluate the density and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the soil of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands archipelago, Antarctica. For that, soil and roots of Deschampsia antarctica were collected at the brazilian research station in Antarctica. The spore density, species diversity and mycorrhizal colonization in the roots were evaluated. There was a low density of spores (27.4 ± 17.7 and root mycorrhizal colonization (6 ± 5.1%, which did not present statistical difference. Four species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were identified, distributed in two genera: three species of the genus Glomus (Glomus sp1, Glomus sp2 and Glomus sp3 and one of the genus Acaulospora, which was identified at species level (Acaulospora mellea. Greater soil diversity was verified with pH 5.9 and phosphorus concentration of 111 mg dm-3, occurring two species of genus Glomus and A. mellea. Based on literature data, this may be the first record of this species of Acaulospora mellea in Antarctic soils, colonizing D. antarctica plants.

  2. War, politics, and voice: the vocal fold paralysis of George Orwell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulica, Lucian

    2007-02-01

    In 1936, like many individuals who felt the menace of fascism, George Orwell traveled to Spain to lend his support to the cause of the Republic, battling a right-wing coup. Spain, during its Civil War, was an eye-opening experience for him, yielding insights that allowed, and even compelled him to write Animal Farm and 1984. Spain was also a close brush with death. In May of 1937, in a trench on a windswept ridge near Huesca, Orwell was shot through the neck by a sniper, leaving him with a paralyzed vocal fold. A thorough review of firsthand accounts of Orwell's injury and subsequent care was made. These are presented in the context of current knowledge of ballistics, penetrating neck trauma, and vocal fold paralysis. Orwell survived largely because of the nature of his wounding with a high-velocity jacketed military round. His recovery followed a course in many ways typical for patients with vocal fold paralysis. His writings leave us a unique and extraordinary account of the experience of being shot, of the medical care of the day, of the handicap of paralytic dysphonia, and of survival and heroism under extraordinary circumstances.

  3. The Museum as 'Dream Space': Psychology and Aesthetic Response in George Eliot’s Middlemarch

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    Victoria Mills

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores the relationship between aesthetics and psychology through the idea of the museum as a ‘dream space’ in George Eliot’s 'Middlemarch.' It' 'begins with a discussion of Charles Dickens’s Amy Dorrit and Hilda in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s 'The Marble Faun', two women who, like Dorothea Brooke, dream their way around Italian museums and the fragment-rich spaces of Rome. Pregnant moments of female subjectivity take place in museum spaces characterised by their oneiric qualities. Such fictional depictions extend Sheldon Annis’s notion of the museum as ‘dream space’, taking account of a variety of sleep states associated with the museum that include mesmeric trance and double consciousness. 'Middlemarch,' in particular, draws on contemporary psychological accounts of such phenomena developed by John Addington Symonds, Enaeas Sweetland Dallas and Frances Power Cobbe. Eliot’s depiction of Dorothea’s responses to the museum of Rome engages with theories of consciousness and debates about the nature of spontaneous, individual will. In 'Middlemarch' the creative potential of the unconscious mind is explored through the idea of the museum as a dream space.

  4. On the origin of pedicled skin inversion vaginoplasty: life and work of Dr Georges Burou of Casablanca.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hage, J Joris; Karim, Refaat B; Laub, Donald R

    2007-12-01

    The first reports on gender-confirming surgery had been published in Germany in the 1920s, but it took some 30 years before sex reassignment surgery for transsexuals became generally known. Initially, such surgery was performed mostly in Europe and Casablanca. In 1956, the gynecologist Dr Georges Burou (1910-1987) independently developed the anteriorly pedicled penile skin flap inversion vaginoplasty in his Clinique du Parc in Casablanca. This technique was to become the gold standard of skin-lined vaginoplasty in transsexuals. During his life, he was to perform well over 800 vaginoplasties for transsexual patients from all over the world, but Burou always kept a low profile to be able to continue this controversial part of his work in Morocco. Because his work was pioneering and innovative, Georges Burou and his vaginoplasty are given a place in the recorded history of plastic surgery.

  5. George N. Papanicolaou (1883-1962): Fifty years after the death of a great doctor, scientist and humanitarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammas, I N; Spandidos, D A

    2012-01-01

    Fifty years have passed since the death of Dr George Nicholas Papanicolaou, who was born in Kyme at the island of Euboea in Greece in 1883 and became known for his innovative revolutionary invention of the Pap smear test performed at the Cornell University Medical College in the USA. To date, even after the introduction of HPV vaccination into the clinical practice, Dr George Papanicolaou's method remains an essential component of the prevention strategy against cancer and has resulted in a 70% decrease in cervical cancer mortality over the last 60 years. This article, which presents briefly his biography, is dedicated to him on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his death.

  6. H.GEORGE FREDERİCKSON VE KAMU YÖNETİMİ DİSİPLİNİNDEKİ YERİ

    OpenAIRE

    CİĞEROĞLU, MISRA; ÖZGÜR, HÜSEYİN

    2015-01-01

    This study intended to examine H. George Frederickson, who has an important role in American public administration literature and one of the founders of the new public administration movement, his contributions and views related to public administration discipline. In this context, new public administration movement, “public administration” notion, governance and ethics topics that Frederickson has frequently published are studied. First of all, his arguments concerning new public administrat...

  7. OF THE FOUNDİNG PATHERS OF THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELİGİON: JAMES GEORGE FRAZER (1854- 1941)

    OpenAIRE

    ALICI, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    Amongst the last leading Victorian evolutionists was James George Frazer, a student ofTylor who was celebrated, far beyand anthropologlcal drcles, for his masterpiece works forexample, his Golden Bough, which was first publlshed as a two-volume set in 1890, andlater expanded to fill twelve glgantic tomes. _As explained ın this article, his researches areconsldered a vast, comparative investigatlons on the history of myth, religion, folklore andother 'exotic beliefs', with examples d...

  8. George Washington and Civil-Military Relations During the Revolutionary War: A Study of the Establishment of Civilian Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    spectrum. The introduction to Don Higginbotham’s George Washington Reconsidered outlines a concise review of the most prevalent literature on the topic... locales from New England through the southern colonies, including South Carolina; however, the balance of power in this group rested with New...Congress and tardiness of the state, on the other” were constantly at the forefront of his mind.77 Although he admitted to having the same concerns that

  9. George Santayana’s Teleological Poetics: Inspiration, Knowledge and Happiness in Reason in Art

    OpenAIRE

    Rocío Badía Fumaz

    2012-01-01

    With The Life of Reason George Santayana earned his reputation as philosopher; this is due to its length but also because it is his most detailed moral work. The fourth volume of the work, entitled Reason in Art, analyzes both the historical and synchronic origin of the work of art. Santayana’s Poetics are built on the strained relationship he draws between, ethics and aesthetics, ingenium and ars, literature and philosophy. He develops a teleological and eudaimonistic approach which centres ...

  10. Integrated design for sustainability : intelligence for eco-consistent products and services / Rinaldo C. Michelini, George L. Kovacs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelini, Rinaldo C.

    2003-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg 2002/2003. Autor tutvustab jätkusuutlikuks kasvuks ja arenguks vajalikke raamistikke (sotsiaal-majanduslik, poliitilis-juriidiline, tehnilis-teaduslik) ning esitab ideid kompleksse raamistiku loomiseks, mis toetab toodete, teenuste ja tehnoloogiliste protsesside elutsükli hindamist, s.h. vastavust ökoloogilistele nõudmistele. Tabelid

  11. The medical treatment of Parkinson disease from James Parkinson to George Cotzias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahn, Stanley

    2015-01-01

    It took exactly 150 years since James Parkinson's description in 1817 of the illness bearing his name until the development of effective therapy for this disorder, namely, the introduction of high-dosage levodopa by George Cotzias in 1967. During the first 50 years, no effective therapy was available, but neurologists reported using different agents, including metals. Then, around 1867, Charcot found solanaceous alkaloids to be somewhat helpful, and these became the accepted and popular therapy for the next 75 years. When basic scientists discovered that these alkaloids had central antimuscarinic activity, pharmaceutical chemists developed synthetic chemical agents that were equally effective, with possibly less adverse effects, and around 1950 these synthetic drugs became the standard medical therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). The link between dopamine and PD did not take place until 1957, 140 years after Parkinson's Essay. The clue came from research on reserpine, a drug derived from the Rauwolfia plant that caused a sedative effect, now recognized as a drug-induced parkinsonian state. Initial investigations revealed that reserpine caused the release and depletion of serotonin stores in the brain. With that knowledge, Arvid Carlsson, a young pharmacologist in Sweden, decided to explore the possibility that reserpine might also affect brain catecholamines. In his now famous, elegant, and simple experiment, he showed that injecting l-dopa, the precursor of catecholamines, alleviated the reserpine-induced parkinsonian state in animals, whereas the precursor of serotonin failed to do so. Carlsson then developed a highly sensitive assay to measure dopamine, and his lab found that dopamine is selectively present in high concentrations in the striatum and that administered l-dopa could restore the dopamine depleted by reserpine. Carlsson postulated that all these findings implicate dopamine in motor disorders. Oleh Hornykiewicz, a young pharmacologist in Vienna, on

  12. “Altrove che nella verità?”. Filosofia, scienza e vita nel pensiero di Georges Canguilhem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Poccia

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Secondo Georges Canguilhem non c’è verità se non quella prodotta e non scoperta dalla scienza. È il valore stesso della filosofia ad essere “altrove che nella verità”. Questo valore non veritativo risiede forse, per il pensatore francese, in qualcosa che egli definisce come un senso o un concetto iscritto materialmente nella vita. È il vivente stesso, quel vivente di cui la scienza in quanto ricerca della verità è a sua volta una semplice espressione, a contenere il concetto, o meglio, ad essere il movimento stesso della concettualizzazione. “Elsewherethan in the truth?” Philosophy, science and life in Georges Canguilhem'sthought. Accordingto Georges Canguilhem thereis no truththan the oneyieldedbutnotdiscoveredby science. Being “Elsewherethan in the truth” is the valueitselfofphilosophy”. For the Frenchthinker, this no truthfulvaluemaylie in somethinghedefines a sense or conceptmateriallywritten in the life. It's the living phenomenaitself, ofwhich science assearchfor the truthis at sametime a simpleexpression, thatcontains the concept or evenbetter, thatis the movementofconceptualization.

  13. Saúde é colocar-se em risco: normatividade vital em Georges Canguilhem

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    Tiago Iwasawa Neves

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo objetiva apresentar uma crítica ao modelo biomédico de saúde predominante nas ciências médicas, a partir do conceito de normatividade vital, proposto por Georges Canguilhem. Na introdução apresentamos, a partir de um breve histórico do conceito de saúde, a normalização como o primado fundamental do modelo biomédico. Na primeira parte, discutimos o problema da determinação do normal e do patológico, da saúde e da doença, no pensamento de Canguilhem, buscando situar esses conceitos em função de valores individuais, questionando a existência de um processo normativo em biologia. Na segunda parte, pretende-se demonstrar que a normatividade vital defendida por Canguilhem é uma ferramenta conceitual fundamental para o entendimento da lógica de produção biológica. Esta lógica de produção não toma a norma como critério de valoração das formas de vida possíveis. Não são as individualidades biológicas que se adéquam ou se afastam das normas, mas, ao contrário, é a individualidade biológica enquanto potência de criação de novas formas que produz o processo de sua normatividade. Por fim, destacamos o impacto crítico do conceito de saúde entendido como uma abertura ao risco, enfatizando essa dimensão da saúde como a capacidade de enfrentar novas situações de vida.

  14. The Influence of Nietzsche’s Anthropology on the Works of George Bernard Shaw

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    Biljana Vlašković

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies the traces of Friedrich Nietzsche’s anthropological philosophy in the dramatic, sociological, anthropological, and philosophical writings of George Bernard Shaw. Apart from the obvious use of Nietzsche’s term “the Superman” (Übermensch to serve the purposes of his own philosophy, the analysis shows further similarities between the two writers, namely that Shaw modified Nietzsche’s expression “the will to power”, as well as Schopenhauer’s concept of will as the world’s essence, and termed it the “Life Force”, which will enable a “creative evolution” of humans into a higher being, an Overman, or a Superman. Also concerning this is the role that Shaw gives to women in this process of creative evolution, by making the female the dominant gender, and in so doing radically deconstructing the deeply rooted 19th century view of woman as a being whose natural habitat is the family home, and whose role in wooing is exclusively passive. Such an attitude led many critics to believe that Shaw was a misogynist of the same kind as Schopenhauer and Nietzsche. However, Shawian discourse as a whole exhibits а vehement support of the feminist struggles for the gender equality, which made the author a favorite in feminist circles. Different perspectives in Shaw’s anthropology mirror Nietzsche’s demand for the “transvaluation of all values”, and this alone is necessary to provide a constant change, which, according to both authors, is the only thing that is certain and constant in this world.

  15. Investigation on Adaptive Re-use of Heritage Building in George Town, Penang

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    Marhamah Abdul Hadi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Adaptive re-use of heritage buildings in George Town has gained attention from their owners. Their owners either private owners or government, want to adapt their respective buildings to new usage for instance to become a gallery, museum, restaurant, boutique hotel and many more. Every heritage building that is being adapted to paper main objective is to identify the changes made in terms of structure, space and material when adapting the heritage buildings to a new usage specifically into a gallery. Two heritage buildings are chosen as case studies for this paper which are Rumah Teh Bunga and Fort Cornwallis; both buildings located in Penang, Malaysia. The changes made to these two buildings were analyzed using the guidelines provided which are Guideline for Conservation areas and Heritage Buildings and National Heritage Acts 2005. Both buildings will be analyzed using National Heritage Acts, while only Fort Cornwallis will be analyzed using Guideline for Conservation areas and Heritage Buildings. Adaptation of these two heritage buildings requires changes in structure, space and material. The changes in Rumah Teh Bunga focuses more on materials and space while changes in Fort Cornwallis emphasize more to space and addition of other structures. Analysis on the changes are made by using the guideline provided, most of the changes made to both of these heritage buildings comply the rules and regulations stated in the guideline. It was found from the data that some of the reasons on why the owner change Rumah Teh Bunga to gallery are because of its complicated procedure that involves in privatization of this building to other owner and the need to promote the heritage significance of this building to the public. As for Fort Cornwallis, the adaptation is more on strengthening its value as a fort and becoming a tourist attraction.

  16. King George Island ice cap geometry updated with airborne GPR measurements

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    M. Rückamp

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ice geometry is a mandatory requirement for numerical modelling purposes. In this paper we present a consistent data set for the ice thickness, the bedrock topography and the ice surface topography of the King George Island ice cap (Arctowski icefield and the adjacent central part. The new data set is composed of ground based and airborne ground penetrating radar (GPR and differential GPS (DGPS measurements, obtained during several field campaigns. Blindow et al. (2010 already provided a comprehensive overview of the ground based measurements carried out in the safely accessible area of the ice cap. The updated data set incorporates airborne measurements in the heavily crevassed coastal areas. Therefore, in this paper special attention is paid to the airborne measurements by addressing the instrument used, survey procedure, and data processing in more detail. In particular, the inclusion of airborne GPR measurements with the 30 MHz BGR-P30-System developed at the Institute of Geophysics (University of Münster completes the picture of the ice geometry substantially. The compiled digital elevation model of the bedrock shows a rough, highly variable topography with pronounced valleys, ridges, and troughs. Mean ice thickness is 240 ± 6 m, with a maximum value of 422 ± 10 m in the surveyed area. Noticeable are bounded areas in the bedrock topography below sea level where marine based ice exists. The provided data set is required as a basis for future monitoring attempts or as input for numerical modelling experiments. The data set is available from the PANGAEA database at http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.770567.

  17. Differences in the annual stratification cycle over short spatial scales on southern Georges Bank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisagni, James J.

    1992-02-01

    Analysis of hydrographic data collected during 1977-1978 at six locations on southern Georges Bank revealed differences in the sinusoidally-modeled mean seasonal hydrographic cycles over short cross-bank spatial scales. In depths of less than 60 m, vertical stratification remained weak year-round, with no seasonal cycle. At greater depths, a transition to a stratified water column occurred from late spring to early autumn. However, statistically-significant differences exist between the mean hydrographic cycles derived from data collected in two contiguous seasonally-stratified zones located within the deeper region. In 60-80 m depths: (1) the mean cycle of the maximum density gradient in the seasonal pycnocline was dominated by a one cycle-per-year model; (2) the maximum density gradient varied by almost two orders of magnitude, from a January minimum to a late July maximum; and (3) the mean depth of the maximum density gradient remained near 20 m year-round. In 80-100 m depths: (1) the mean cycles of both the maximum density gradient and pycnocline depth were dominated by a one cycle-per-year model; (2) the maximum density gradient varied by only one order of magnitude; and (3) the mean depth of the maximum density gradient varied from 20 m in early June to 60 m in late December when the water column is well mixed. The cross-bank transition from well-mixed to seasonally-stratified waters agrees with the Simpson-Hunter stratification parameter computed by other workers for the study domain and, thus, to first order is consistent with existing one-dimensional models for tidally-mixed seas. Variations between hydrographic cycles noted within the seasonally-stratified waters may be due to the presence of the "cold-band" and on-bank advection of slope waters, thus modifying the one-dimensional assumptions.

  18. 19th century pioneers of intensive therapy in North America. Part 1: George Edward Fell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trubuhovich, Ronald V

    2007-12-01

    For three decades after Marshall Hall's 1856 strictures against "forcing methods" and bellows for artificial ventilation (AV), human "forced respiration" (equivalent to intermittent positive pressure ventilation) was virtually abandoned. Various arm-chest manoeuvres often proved inadequate to save life. After doctor and engineer George Fell, of Buffalo (New York) (1849-1918), failed to save the life of an opiate-poisoned patient using Silvester's popular method, he resolved to try his animal laboratory AV method (bellows and tracheotomy). Following his first success in a landmark case (1887), he better adapted the apparatus for human use and soon succeeded with further difficult cases, but was unable to raise enthusiasm for his "Fell method" of AV. His reports of successful rescues to prestigious Washington Congresses met derision (1887) and indifference (1893), although by then they detailed 28 "human lives saved", mostly after opiate poisoning, and a switch from tracheotomies to face masks (simpler, but with a few complications). Continuing with rescues throughout the 1890s, Fell personally achieved recoveries after AV for as long as 73.5 hours (1896), and over 78 hours (1899). He argued for his method repeatedly with many talks, much documentation, and pleas for its use in other ventilatory crises. Despite his endeavours and successes, Fell was unable to secure widespread uptake of forced respiration, but others adopted his principles. Joseph O'Dwyer modified Fell's face mask-tracheotomy system by incorporating an intralaryngeal tube, and this "Fell-O'Dwyer apparatus" was used for neurosurgical cases (1894), also revolutionising intrathoracic surgery (1899).

  19. "Translation does not often demand genius": George Eliot e il ruolo del traduttore vittoriano

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    Michela Marroni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available George Eliot’s formative years were characterised by her intense activity as a translator which she carried out with methodological scrupulousness and profound sense of responsibility. In her ambition to make a name for herself in the English cultural world she understood, from a very early age, that translation would be the best means of expanding her knowledge while measuring herself against original texts that had made an important impact on European culture. Although Eliot was proficient in several modern and ancient languages (namely, German, French, Italian and Spanish, Latin, Greek and Hebrew, most of her translations were from German. It was with her translation of Strauss’s Das Leben Jesu that she proved her skill as a translator. Through this work her name also became familiar in Victorian theological debates. No less important was her translation of Feuerbach’s Das Wesen Christentums which, in many respects, led to her acceptance into the most advanced literary and philosophical circles in London. On the strength of this, in 1855, Eliot published the essay Translations and Translators which she wrote from her point of view as an affirmed journalist who was perhaps already contemplating the idea of becoming a novelist. The essay reveals both Eliot’s acute awareness of translation as a demanding work and of the role of the translator as a mediator between different linguistic and cultural realities. By indicating Germany as an example to follow, since in that nation the great poets and novelists translated the English classics into German, Eliot bluntly declared that the translator must work with a sense of responsibility and moral commitment and always aim for perfection.

  20. Treasure Your Exceptions: An Interview with 2017 George Beadle Award Recipient Susan A. Gerbi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerbi, Susan A

    2017-12-01

    THE Genetics Society of America's (GSA) George W. Beadle Award honors individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the community of genetics researchers and who exemplify the qualities of its namesake. The 2017 recipient is Susan A. Gerbi, who has been a prominent leader and advocate for the scientific community. In the course of her research on DNA replication, Gerbi helped develop the method of Replication Initiation Point (RIP) mapping to map replication origins at the nucleotide level, improving resolution by two orders of magnitude. RIP mapping also provides the basis for the now popular use of λ-exonuclease to enrich nascent DNA to map replication origins genome-wide. Gerbi's second area of research on ribosomal RNA revealed a conserved core secondary structure, as well as conserved nucleotide elements (CNEs). Some CNEs are universally conserved, while other CNEs are conserved in all eukaryotes but not in archaea or bacteria, suggesting a eukaryotic function. Intriguingly, the majority of the eukaryotic-specific CNEs line the tunnel of the large ribosomal subunit through which the nascent polypeptide exits. Gerbi has promoted the fly Sciara coprophila as a model organism ever since she used its enormous polytene chromosomes to help develop the method of in situ hybridization during her Ph.D. research in Joe Gall's laboratory. The Gerbi laboratory maintains the Sciara International Stock Center and manages its future, actively spreading Sciara stocks to other laboratories. Gerbi has also served in many leadership roles, working on issues of science policy, women in science, scientific training, and career preparation. This is an abridged version of the interview. The full interview is available on the Genes to Genomes blog, at genestogenomes.org/gerbi. Copyright © 2017 by the Genetics Society of America.

  1. Colour Light And Wellbeing: A Case Study Of M Mall 020 George Town, Penang Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aqbar Zakaria, Safial; Yii Rou, Ng; Zhi En, Hoi; Iyian, Tai

    2017-12-01

    Contrary to popular belief, the brightest light or the most colourful light makes good lighting design. However, what makes a good lighting design in interior space is an impeccable composite of art and science. With the application of good lighting design, it can produce an impressive result from enhancing the aesthetic of architectural elements to conveying the right type of ambiance of the interiors. This research intends to address the crucial issues regarding the ways in which lighting designers can communicate the benefits of good lighting and to create a better awareness to users. The objectives of this paper are to outline and explore the features of good and poor lighting design in M Mall O2O based on the lighting design language and profession. The results of this research are mainly qualitative in nature, supported by the professional lighting designers on the definitions of good lighting, personal observation and visual data which were taken in George Town, Penang Island. The case studies on good and poor lighting portrayed in this mall were used as examples to scrutinize the issues raised herein. To achieve the optimum lighting design, a joint approach of focusing on the artistic flair brought forth by lighting and more scientific effort on the calculation levels of lights is crucial. Different functionality requires a different amount of attention on either approach. In conclusion, a good lighting design must be able to enhance the atmosphere and also enrich the quality of the interior architecture. Apart from that, a good lighting design should have good distribution of brightness levels, contrast and different colour temperatures to enhance characters of the interior spaces without neglecting the health and wellbeing aspects.

  2. 75 FR 80372 - Proposed Amendment of Restricted Areas R-2907A and R-2907B, Lake George, FL; and R-2910...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... Administration, 1701 Columbia Ave., College Park, GA 30337. Persons interested in being placed on a mailing list... weapons delivery tactical training to transform the Pinecastle/Lake George complex into a modern viable...

  3. Depth, temperature, oxygen and salinity profile data from repetitive occupation of a hydrographic station off St. George's, Bermuda from 1954 through 1984 (NODC Accession 0000650)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CTD, bottle, and other data were collected from the PANULIRUS and other platforms from repetitive occupations of a hydrographic station off St. George's, Bermuda....

  4. George Augustus Sala and the English Middle-Class View of America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Blake

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In 1850 the journalist George Augustus Sala appealed to the perceived moral superiority of the English middle classes by satirising American slavery and Southern slave-owners. When Sala first visited America in 1863, as Special Correspondent for the 'Daily Telegraph' during the Civil War, his articles were some of the most pro-slavery, pro-Southern and anti-Union pieces the English public had read. Sala attacked all aspects of Northern life, disputed the North’s reasons for war, criticised their treatment of free blacks and maintained that claims of barbarity towards slaves in the South had been grossly exaggerated. Despite his previous pronouncements, Sala returned to America for the 'Telegraph' in 1879 and was greeted favourably wherever he went. He declared that he had been a ‘fool’ for supporting the wrong side during the Civil War but still maintained that African-Americans had been better off under the slave-system and that they were incapable of practising self-government. He observed that America was now ‘a wonderful country and a wonderful people.’ Although hitherto neglected in scholarly debates on Anglo-American relations in the nineteenth century, this paper will highlight Sala’s importance in this context, not least because of the large readership he commanded. As a journalist for the newspaper with the largest daily circulation in the world, Sala’s fluctuating and controversial opinions on America were read by some 250,000 middle class English men and women every day. This essay will also question to what extent Sala’s changing perceptions of America were influenced by the contemporary racial discourse of other middle-class commentators like Thomas Carlyle, Charles Dickens and Richard Burton, and by events like the Governor Eyre Affair. Using recent scholarship in the field of racial theory by critics including Catherine Hall, Robert Young and Tim Barringer, this paper will reassess English middle-class views on

  5. Rusia a lo largo de los mandatos presidenciales de George W. Bush y Putin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Deyermond

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available El conflicto sobre la idea de democracia fue un factor clave en el deterioro de las relaciones bilaterales entre los Estados Unidos y Rusia a lo largo de la segunda etapa del mandato presidencial de George W. Bush (2005-2009. El apoyo gubernamental y no gubernamental estadounidense a la democratización de la región postsoviética fue visto por Rusia como un encubrimiento de los avances de los intereses nacionales estadounidenses en la zona, a expensas de los de Rusia. Como respuesta Rusia desarrolló estrategias prácticas y discursivas para contrarrestarlos. Los debates sobre el estado de la democracia Rusa, sobre la idea de «democracia soberana» y sobre la guía democrática (u otra de las relaciones exteriores de los Estados Unidos emergieron durante esta etapa como lugares –y evidencia– de las disputas entre ambos estados. Este artículo sostiene que la retórica de fomento de la democracia estadounidense combinada con un patrón claro de instrumentalización del concepto de democracia que alentó –en los contextos de una más general política exterior asertiva estadounidense y de las «revoluciones de colores»– la respuesta de la instrumentalización de la idea y uso de «democracia» por las élites políticas rusas, que emplearon el concepto como la base de un reto discursivo al dominio global estadounidense. Como consecuencia, no solo es el contenido del término «democracia» motivo de discusión sino que, de modo crítico, la disputa ha quedado unida a temas como la identidad estatal, la seguridad estatal y conceptos de relaciones internacionales. «Democracia», por lo tanto, parece que se mantendrá como una fuente y como un medio de articular el descontento en la relación de los Estados Unidos con Rusia y los estados de Asia Central en un futuro previsible.

  6. Georges Frédéric Parrot and the ‘New’ Enlightenment

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    Peeter Müürsepp

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Georges Frédéric Parrot (1767–1852, the first Rector of the University of Tartu (Dorpat after it was reopened in 1802, was a son of the French Enlightenment. He considered it his mission to implement these ideas in the context of the new university. One of the foci of his activities was arranging the university according to a new type of statutes endorsing free development of all kinds of branches of science in the framework of the so-called ‘Academic Republic’, which would be no longer dominated by theology. Parrot was successful in his pursuits. The University of Tartu became an outstanding centre of astronomy, mathematics and natural science—the fields Parrot himself was actively involved in. Today, the term Academic Republic is becoming more and more frequently used by the university employees again. The emphasis on the role of natural science, which was one of Parrot’s main ideas, caused the need for a New Enlightenment. This is the term invented by Nicholas Maxwell, the British philosopher of science. Although the focus of Maxwell’s New Enlightenment seems to be much narrower than that of the classical one, the final goal is still the same. According to Maxwell, making physics the science proper, the basis of constructing serious academic knowledge, has caused the concentration of research on the quest for some kind of special knowledge, the scientific one. Everything stops there. We have lost sight of the general goal of serving humanity, looking for solutions to actual grave problems that Homo sapiens is facing today. Obviously, to serve the whole humanity was the basic goal of the “original” Enlightenment as well. We have to restore the view of the so-called philosophes concerning the position of social science in the academia. It is social science (and the humanities that form the basis for the understanding and solving the problems that are of real importance to human life.

  7. Case report of 5 siblings: malnutrition? Rickets? DiGeorge syndrome? Developmental delay?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harris William

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parents of six children are facing a trial on charges of aggravated manslaughter in the care a 5 1/2 month old infant who died suddenly and neglect of their four older children for causing them to be malnourished by feeding them all an exclusively raw foods vegan diet. Both parents declined plea bargains and plan to defend themselves in court. Case presentation The fifth child born to a married couple was breast-fed until 2 1/2 months. Subsequently, the parents fed the baby an exclusively raw foods diet prepared in a blender at home. The four older children, ages 18 months – 6 1/2 years also ate an exclusively raw foods vegan diet. None of the four older children had significant previous injuries or serious illnesses. At autopsy, the infant weighed 3180 mg (6.99 pounds and appeared emaciated. The thymus gland was absent and parathyroid glands were not located. The lungs were "congested." DiGeorge anomaly cannot be ruled out from these findings. Although, the coroner ruled that "malnutrition" was the sole cause of death, malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization definition, cannot be diagnosed in this infant. Compared with standard growth charts, the older children fell 2.1–4.1 standard deviations below the mean for North American children in height and weight. Labs were normal except for a low cholesterol level in all and a low prealbumin in one of three children tested. Therefore, malnutrition cannot be diagnosed in these children. The pediatrician diagnosed rickets in the four-year-old. However, chest x-rays were normal in all and long bone x-rays showed minimal changes in one child – no sign of rickets. The clinical diagnosis of rickets was not confirmed by the Center for Disease Control's criteria. A psychologist diagnosed the 18-month-old as developmentally delayed to the level of a 15-month-old, but this diagnosis is questionable. Conclusion The raw foods vegan diet and possibly inherited small

  8. Ernst Mach, George Sarton and the Empiry of Teaching Science Part I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siemsen, Hayo

    2012-04-01

    George Sarton had a strong influence on modern history of science. The method he pursued throughout his life was the method he had discovered in Ernst Mach's Mechanics when he was a student in Ghent. Sarton was in fact throughout his life implementing a research program inspired by the epistemology of Mach. Sarton in turn inspired many others (James Conant, Thomas Kuhn, Gerald Holton, etc.). What were the origins of these ideas in Mach and what can this origin tell us about the history of science and science education nowadays? Which ideas proved to be successful and which ones need to be improved upon? The following article will elaborate the epistemological questions, which Darwin's "Origin" raised concerning human knowledge and scientific knowledge and which led Mach to adapt the concept of what is "empirical" in contrast to metaphysical a priori assumptions a second time after Galileo. On this basis Sarton proposed "genesis and development" as the major goal of Isis. Mach had elaborated this epistemology in La Connaissance et l'Erreur ( Knowledge and Error), which Sarton read in 1913 (Hiebert 1905/1976; de Mey 1984). Accordingly for Sarton, history becomes not only a subject of science, but a method of science education. Culture—and science as part of culture—is a result of a genetic process. History of science shapes and is shaped by science and science education in a reciprocal process. Its epistemology needs to be adapted to scientific facts and the philosophy of science. Sarton was well aware of the need to develop the history of science and the philosophy of science along the lines of this reciprocal process. It was a very fruitful basis, but a specific part of it, Sarton did not elaborate further, namely the psychology of science education. This proved to be a crucial missing element for all of science education in Sarton's succession, especially in the US. Looking again at the origins of the central questions in the thinking of Mach, which provided

  9. Postglacial relative sea level change at Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (West Antarctic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. Polishchuk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis and integration of data obtained in our field and laboratory investigations of 2008–2012 together with results of previous paleogeographic studies were conducted to reveal parameters and factors of the post-glacial changes in the relative sea-level on the Fildes Peninsula and the King George Island. Results of dating of organic material taken from cross-sections of Quaternary deposits, data on morphology of marine landforms as well as on bottom sediments in lakes were used to construct a curve of changes in the relative sea-level.Our research has shown that the rapid rise of relative sea level in the area (since the beginning of the Holocene decelerated about 8000 years BP, achieving its maximum about 7000 years BP. This was followed by the fall of relative sea-level (the land elevation by 18–20  m in total, and it was characterized by relatively high rate of fall during periods of 6000– 5000 years BP, 4000–2500 years BP, and during the last 1500 years; the rate decreased in 5000–4000 years BP and 2500– 1600 years BP. The changes in relative sea level in this region were determined by the following factors: the eustatic component of the global changes in sea-level and, possibly, oscillations in the global sea level of another nature; local parameters of the Last glacial maximum; a course of the Peninsula deglaciation; regional physical characteristics of the Earth's crust and the mantle substances; local tectonic processes, including the isostatic rebound. Since the beginning of the Holocene up to about 7000 years BP, the main contribution to changes of the relative sea-level in this area was made by the global eustatic factor. The subsequent fall of the relative sea-level (elevation of the Peninsula surface proceeded under condition of reduced role of the eustatic factor and predominance of other factors.

  10. Depiction of facial nerve paresis in the gallery of portraits carved in stone by George Matthew the Dalmatian on the Sibenik Cathedral dating from the 15th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrobonja, Ante; Culina, Tatjana

    2011-06-01

    The introductory segment of this paper briefly describes George Matthew the Dalmatian, the architect who, between 1441 and 1473, oversaw the construction of the Cathedral of St. James in Sibenik, a city on the Croatian side of the Adriatic coast. Of the most impressive details included in this monumental construction and sculptural flamboyant gothic production infused with distinctive Dalmatian spirit is a frieze of 71 stone and three lion portraits encircling the outer apse wall. From the intriguing amalgamation of portraits of anonymous people this master came across in his surrounding, the fiftieth head in the row has been selected for this occasion. On the face of a younger man the authors have recognized and described pathognomonic right-sided facial nerve paresis. The question posed here is whether this is coincidental or it represents the master's courage, given that instead of famous people in the cathedral he situated not only ordinary people but also those "labelled" and traditionally marginalized, thus, in the most beautiful manner, foreshadowing the forthcoming spirit of Humanism and Renaissance in Croatian and European art.

  11. Understanding the value of the arts in the education of mental health professionals: Georg Lukács, Samuel Beckett and the aesthetic category of specific particularity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, M

    2013-04-01

    The manner in which the arts can enhance the practical, therapeutic concerns of mental health professionals is becoming well established in the health care literature. What gets discussed less frequently, however, are those aesthetic frameworks that propose to give an account of the possible 'meaning' and 'purpose' of art. In response, this paper will elucidate the aesthetic theory of the Hungarian philosopher Georg Lukács and will suggest that his concept of specific particularity enables an understanding of how art, and literature, poetry and drama in particular, can be employed as an educational resource that can contribute to the development of the 'emotional capabilities' of practitioners. However, insofar as Lukács' works are philosophically complex and challenging, his concept of specific particularity will be discussed within the context of Samuel Beckett's dramatic work Ohio Impromptu. In doing so, it will be suggested that Ohio Impromptu is not only productive for the elucidation of Lukács' aesthetics, but also illustrates how the arts provides practitioners with a valuable educative opportunity to engage with, and critically reflect upon, a multiplicity of affective dimensions, thereby enhancing the practitioner's ability to move towards achieving an empathic understanding of, and 'emotional resonance' with, those receiving mental health care. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing.

  12. Diversity of both the cultivable protease-producing bacteria and bacterial extracellular proteases in the coastal sediments of King George Island, Antarctica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Yang Zhou

    Full Text Available Protease-producing bacteria play a vital role in degrading sedimentary organic nitrogen. However, the diversity of these bacteria and their extracellular proteases in most regions remain unknown. In this paper, the diversity of the cultivable protease-producing bacteria and of bacterial extracellular proteases in the sediments of Maxwell Bay, King George Island, Antarctica was investigated. The cultivable protease-producing bacteria reached 10(5 cells/g in all 8 sediment samples. The cultivated protease-producing bacteria were mainly affiliated with the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria, and the predominant genera were Bacillus (22.9%, Flavobacterium (21.0% and Lacinutrix (16.2%. Among these strains, Pseudoalteromonas and Flavobacteria showed relatively high protease production. Inhibitor analysis showed that nearly all the extracellular proteases from the bacteria were serine proteases or metalloproteases. These results begin to address the diversity of protease-producing bacteria and bacterial extracellular proteases in the sediments of the Antarctic Sea.

  13. No caminho de Georg Büchner: a recepção da obra de Georg Büchner nos dramas Tambores na Noite e Baal, de Bertolt Brecht

    OpenAIRE

    Bernhard Johannes Schwarz

    2008-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa a recepção de Georg Büchner (1813-1837) por Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) enfocando a sua fase criativa inicial. Especificamente analisa-se a abordagem da recepção do drama Woyzeck em Tambores na Noite e da narrativa Lenz, de Büchner, em Baal de Brecht. As duas obras de Büchner, como a maior parte de seus trabalhos, foram publicadas postumamente: Lenz, em 1837, e Woyzeck, em 1878. Esta última estreou em 1913. A obra do autor, quase desconhecida em sua época, encontrou resso...

  14. Ice-front change and iceberg behaviour along Oates and George V Coasts, Antarctica, 1912-96

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frezzotti, M.; Cimbelli, A.; Ferrigno, J.G.

    1998-01-01

    Ice-front change may well be a sensitive indicator of regional climate change. We have studied the western Oates Coast from Cape Kinsey (158??50'E, 69??19'S) to Cape Hudson (153??45'E, 68??20'S) and the entire George V Coast, from Cape Hudson to Point Alden (142??02'E, 66??48'S). The glaciers here drain part of the Dome Charlie and Talos Dome areas (640 000 km2). A comparison between various documents, dated several years apart, has allowed an estimate of the surficial ice discharge, the ice-front fluctuation and the iceberg-calving flux during the last 50 years. The ice-front discharge of the studied coast has been estimated at about 90??12 km3 a-1 in 1989-91, 8.5 km3 a-1 for western Oates Coast and 82 km3 a-1 for George V Coast. From 1962-63 to 1973-74 the floating glaciers underwent a net reduction that continued from 1973-74 to 1989-91. On the other hand, from 1989-91 to 1996 the area of floating glaciers increased. Ninnis Glacier Tongue and the western part of Cook Ice Shelf underwent a significant retreat after 1980 and 1947, respectively. Satellite-image analysis of large icebergs has provided information about ice-ocean interaction and the existence of an 'iceberg trap' along George V Coast. A first estimate of the mass balance of the drainage basin of Mertz and Ninnis Glaciers shows a value close to zero or slightly negative.

  15. La rappresentazione del rituale di poesia nel ciclo «Waller im Schnee» di Stefan George

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    Maurizio Pirro

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on para-religious elements in the poetry of Stefan George, with reference to the cycle Waller im Schnee, which occupies the middle of the first section in the collec­tion Das Jahr der Seele (1897. The waning of the sentimental relationship between the protagonist and his interlocutor is linked to the loss of effectiveness of a priestly ritual, which in the past had held the two together and whose significance has now diminished through perplexity and misunderstanding.

  16. Comment on "Does the fall phytoplankton blooom control recruitment of Georges Bank, haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus, through parental condition?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Payne, Mark; Dickey-Collas, Mark; Nash, Richard D.M.

    2009-01-01

    In the paper "Does the fall phytoplankton bloom control recruitment of Georges Bank haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus, through parental condition?", Friedland et al. (Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 65(6): 1076-1086, 2008) examine a sizable number of hypotheses aiming to explain the recruitment patterns....... disregard correlations that are, in fact, significant. Furthermore, we show that the parental condition hypothesis hinges upon a single, highly uncertain data point, without which the correlation is no longer significant. We find that evidence for the parental condition hypothesis is weak...

  17. [PhD theses at the University of Tartu/Dorpat supervised by Georg Dragendorff 1864-1894].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrikus, T; Tankler, H; Raal, A

    2005-05-01

    During 30 years, the professor of pharmacy Georg Dragendorff (1836-1898), who had been invited from Germany, supervised 90 theses of Master of Pharmacy and 87 theses of Doctor of Medicine in Tartu/Dorpat. The present article discusses the authors of these theses, Dragendorff and his co-operation with other university lecturers, the structure of the theses and the regulations of the thesis defence. Analysis of the contents of the theses revealed extensive contacts of the pharmacy of the time with different fields of science. Dragendorff as the supervisor of these theses contributed much to the training of physicians.

  18. Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Dr. George Voelz, M.D., November 29, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    Dr. George Voelz was interviewed by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE). This oral history covers Dr. Voelz`s research on Manhattan Engineering District plutonium workers, the acute and long term effects of radiation, his inhalation studies, and his activities at the 1961 INL reactor accident (SL-1 Reactor). After a brief biographical sketch, Dr. Voelz his remembrances on tissue studies of plutonium workers, the plutonium injection studies of 1945-1946, the controlled environmental radioiodine tests of 1963-1968, and tracer studies with human volunteers at Los Alamos. Dr. Voelz states his opinions concerning misconceptions about the Los Alamos Human Radiation Experiments.

  19. The church Saint-Symphorien in Nuits-Saint-Georges. An architectural and decorative syncretism, ca 1220-1240

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Demarthe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Saint Symphorian’s church in Nuits-Saint-Georges (Burgundy, which dates from near 1220-1240, is situated during the transition of two architectural styles and attests a local but rather backward-looking Cistercian legacy that some Gothic urban and more innovative elements modernize. Moreover the church takes part, for the same reasons as those in Agencourt, Gerland and Prissey, in the surprising wave of reconstructions which denotes among others the important economic development of the country of Cîteaux at the beginning of the 13th century.

  20. The botanist George Gardner and his impressions of slave culture in Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, 1810-1850.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreiro, José Carlos

    2017-01-01

    This article analyzes the English botanist George Gardner's trip to Brazil during the 1830s. After graduating from the University of Glasgow Gardner was influenced by his teacher and by readings of contemporary naturalists and set off for Brazil in March of 1836, arriving two months later in Rio de Janeiro. The article presents Gardner's impressions of slavery in Brazil, in an attempt to unveil the symbolic universe of a play he witnessed and described, which took place on a farm in Rio de Janeiro on Christmas night. By describing black slavery in its routes across the Atlantic, we compare this event with other similar happenings in Brazil and in Trinidad and Tobago.

  1. A semantics of love: Brief notes on desire and recognition in Georges Bataille

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    Herivelto Pereira de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the Hegelian scheme re-proposed by Honneth, the first pattern of intersubjective recognition, still below the juridical mediation, is the sphere of interactions marked by affective bonds, or love. It is considered a first stage mostly because recognition is rooted in the partners' mutual dependency as needy creatures, which demand care and the emotional approval that follows it. In this sense, a constitutional lacking emerges as the fundamental character of the most primitive kinds of interaction embedded in social norms. And that is important inasmuch the other stages of recognitive practices depend on this first one, in which subjects acquire capacities for rational and moral reasoning and action in the public sphere. However, one could question to what extent the same normative structure can be taking as underlying every loving relationship, as oriented by an affirmation of the subject's independence, while presupposing involuntary feelings of liking and attraction. After all, if the aspirations of reciprocal recognition in this realm are intrinsically related to very concrete features, why taking child caring, friendship and sexual encounter as referred to the same set of recognition patterns? If Honneth's recourse to psychoanalytic theory makes it clear why in all these kinds of interaction is to be found erotic contents of libidinal character, on the other hand one gets no clue on why the very different forms of satisfaction of the drives do not come into consideration. At this point it seems important to recall Georges Bataille's account of sexuality to think not only about the limits of recognition, but also its dialectical structure. The central notion of transgression helps understand why the normative grounds of intersubjective acknowledgment regarding at least some love relationships require a sort of suspension which is not the mere suppression of their validity: the violence that resides at the core of such erotic

  2. Active layer thermal monitoring at Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Maritime Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Roberto; Schaefer, Carlos; Simas, Felipe; Pregesbauer, Michael; Bockheim, James

    2013-04-01

    International attention on the climate change phenomena has grown in the last decade, intense modelling of climate scenarios were carried out by scientific investigations searching the sources and trends of these changes. The cryosphere and its energy flux became the focus of many investigations, being recognised as a key element for the understanding of future trends. The active layer and permafrost are key components of the terrestrial cryosphere due to their role in energy flux regulation and high sensitivity to climate change (Kane et al., 2001; Smith and Brown, 2009). Compared with other regions of the globe, our understanding of Antarctic permafrost is poor, especially in relation to its thermal state and evolution, its physical properties, links to pedogenesis, hydrology, geomorphic dynamics and response to global change (Bockheim, 1995, Bockheim et al., 2008). The active layer monitoring site was installed in the summer of 2008, and consist of thermistors (accuracy ± 0.2 °C) arranged in a vertical array (Turbic Eutric Cryosol 600 m asl, 10.5 cm, 32.5 cm, 67.5 cm and 83.5 cm). King George Island experiences a cold moist maritime climate characterized by mean annual air temperatures of -2°C and mean summer air temperatures above 0°C for up to four months (Rakusa-Suszczewski et al., 1993, Wen et al., 1994). Ferron et al., (2004) found great variability when analysing data from 1947 to1995 and identified cycles of 5.3 years of colder conditions followed by 9.6 years of warmer conditions. All probes were connected to a Campbell Scientific CR 1000 data logger recording data at hourly intervals from March 1st 2008 until November 30th 2012. Meteorological data for Fildes was obtained from the near by stations. We calculated the thawing days, freezing days; thawing degree days and freezing degree days; all according to Guglielmin et al. (2008). The active lawyer thickness was calculated as the 0 °C depth by extrapolating the thermal gradient from the two

  3. Distribution of marine birds on Georges Bank and adjacent waters. Progress report No. 4, October--December 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, K.D.

    1979-01-01

    From 27 September to 14 December 1978, MBO observers participated in 8 cruises from the U.S. mid-Atlantic area of the outer continental to western Nova Scotia. The U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, Federal Republic of Germany, Peoples Republic of Poland, and U.S. Coast Guard were the agencies that provided at-sea platforms. The greater portion of the survey coverage involved the Southern New England--Georges Bank--Gulf of Maine area, where 779.32 km/sup 2/ were sampled. Bird densities were greatest in the Georges Bank area where averages in excess of 30 birds/km/sup 2/ were recorded during the final quarter of 1978. All data collected during 1978 has been submitted to U.S.F.W.S. Migratory Bird and Habitat Research Laboratory in Luurel, MD for punching. Fifteen of 24 MBO cruises conducted in 1978 have been submitted to USFWS--MBHRL for punching and the remaining 9 have been transcribed. Seven of 16 MBO cruises conducted in 1976 have been transcribed.

  4. Event for the launch of the Georges Charpak postage stamp | 26-27 February | Prévessin site

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    At the end of February, the French post office is releasing a new €0.70 stamp featuring an image of Georges Charpak. CERN is taking part in this event by hosting a temporary post office on the Prévessin site, which will sell the stamp with a special “first day” postmark before it goes on general sale.     Georges Charpak arrived at CERN in 1959 and, in the late 1960s, revolutionised particle detection technology by developing the multiwire proportional chamber. This technique brought particle detectors into the electronic era, setting physicists free from the laborious task of studying photographs one by one. In 1992, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention. Charpak chambers are still used today in the LHC detectors and have paved the way for the technology in numerous other modern detectors. In the 1990s, Charpak was involved in developing medical applications based on particle detection technology. He was als...

  5. Safety and immunogenicity of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine in children with congenital immunodeficiency (DiGeorge syndrome).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzari, Chiara; Gambineri, Eleonora; Resti, Massimo; Moriondo, Maria; Betti, Letizia; Saldias, Lucien Rojas; G Gelli, Anna M; Vierucci, Alberto

    2005-02-25

    Live attenuated vaccines are usually contraindicated in patients with congenital or acquired immunodeficiency. On the other hand, infections due to wild type virus may be particularly severe in patients with low levels of T cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate safety and immunogenicity of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in children with congenital T cell defect (DiGeorge anomaly). Fourteen patients were included in the study. No severe adverse reaction was reported. No difference between patients and controls was found in frequency of seroconversion for both measles (92.9% versus 96.3%) and rubella (92.9% versus 100%). No difference in mean titres of anti-measles (1.62+/-0.54 versus 1.89+/-0.49 index) (p=0.13) or anti-rubella (78.1+/-48.0 versus 72.0+/-41.0 UI/ml, p=0.68) antibodies was found between patients and controls. No decrease in CD4 cells was detected after immunization. MMR vaccine is immunogenic and can be safely used in patients with DiGeorge anomaly, so preventing severe complication due to wild virus infection.

  6. Big George to Carter Mountain 115-kV transmission line project, Park and Hot Springs Counties, Wyoming. Environmental Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-02-01

    The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to rebuild, operate, and maintain a 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line between the Big George and Carter Mountain Substations in northwest Wyoming (Park and Hot Springs Counties). This environmental assessment (EA) was prepared in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The existing Big George to Carter Mountain 69-kV transmission line was constructed in 1941 by the US Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, with 1/0 copper conductor on wood-pole H-frame structures without an overhead ground wire. The line should be replaced because of the deteriorated condition of the wood-pole H-frame structures. Because the line lacks an overhead ground wire, it is subject to numerous outages caused by lightning. The line will be 54 years old in 1995, which is the target date for line replacement. The normal service life of a wood-pole line is 45 years. Under the No Action Alternative, no new transmission lines would be built in the project area. The existing 69-kV transmission line would continue to operate with routine maintenance, with no provisions made for replacement.

  7. O erotismo e o sagrado no livro A história do olho de George Bataille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvane Santos SOUZA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss one of George Bataille thoughts, from the analysis of the erotic novel Story of the eye, one of his most outstanding works. The History of the eye is filled with narrative scenes where the image of the eye is seen as a transfigurável object. In this book, Bataille argues heterogeneous when discussing topics such as eroticism and sacred, addressed a vision that opposes the discourse of a bourgeois society that preaches what is homogeneous, showing from the erotic scenes confrontation to “normality” of the society of the time, with the presentation of situations to a certain surreal point, endowed with transgression. Thus, the discussion points out that the work of Bataille seeks to repudiate the issues taken for granted essentially on eroticism and sexuality, as the latter is stated as unproductive expenditure, overspending and completely sterile, because sex is not presented as source of relief or satiety but as a great distress. A milestone that distinguishes the work is the relationship between sexuality, sacred and eroticism, going beyond simple sexual adventure, for the pursuit of “orgasm” through the eye imagery. To discuss these issues, the ideas presented here are backed up in the following authors: George Bataille, Barthes, Wasghinton Drumonnd, Jürgen Habermas, Philippe Joron, Michel Leiris and Eliane Moraes.

  8. Présentation du texte de Georges Balandier « Phénomènes sociaux totaux et dynamique sociale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliane Voyé

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction et mise en perspective du texte de Georges Balandier « Phénomènes sociaux totaux et dynamique sociale », initialement publié dans les Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, volume 30, 1961, pp. 23-34. Reproduit avec l’aimable autorisation des Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie.Presentation of Georges Balandier’s text « Total social phenomenon and social dynamism »Introduction and contextualization of the Georges Balandier’s article « Phénomènes sociaux totaux et dynamique sociale » first published in the Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, volume 30, 1961, pp. 23-34 and reprinted with the kind authorization of the revue.Presentación del trabajo de Georges Balandrier "Hecho social total y dinámica social"Introducción y análisis del texto de Georges Balandrier « Phénomènes sociaux totaux et dynamique sociale », publicado por primera vez en los Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, volumen 30, 1961, pp. 23-34. Con la amable autorización de los Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie.

  9. Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch and astronomy in Nuremberg in the second half of the 18th century. (German Title: Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch und die Astronomie in Nürnberg in der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaab, Hans

    In the second half of the 18th century, Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch (1731 - 1802) was the best-known living mathematician and astronomer in Nuremberg. Being a physician by training, he obtained, in 1769, the post of lecturer in mathematics and physics at the Egidien secondary school. Subsequently, he tried in vain to re-erect the observatory, torn down in 1751. In the early 1770s, he became famous for preparing the second edition of Johann Leonhard Rost's Astronomisches Handbuch that was, in its first edition of 1718, the first compendium of astronomy written in German, and which had a wide circulation. In 1790, Kordenbusch was raised to the nobility for his achievements.

  10. The ‘Brutalization’ Thesis (George L. Mosse and its Critics: A Historiographical Debate | La tesis de la brutalización (George L. Mosse y sus críticos: un debate historiográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Alcalde

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the widespread international debate in modern historiography maintained around the “brutalization” thesis, which was popularized in George L. Mosse’s book Fallen Soldiers (1990. According to Mosse, the war experience of the front soldiers during World War I was the cause of the heightened levels of political violence during the Weimar Republic. Such brutalization allegedly provided the basis for Nazism and the Genocide. In an attempt to clarify the origins of Mosse’s interpretation this work analyses criticism, reformulations and uses of “brutalization”. In spite of the fact that the heated debate reached no consensus, it eventually managed to establish a revealing –though vague and scarcely open to analytical potential notion in the professional language of historians. | Este artículo explora el amplio debate internacional mantenido por historiadores contemporaneístas en torno a la tesis de la “brutalización”, popularizada por George L. Mosse a partir de su libro Soldados caídos (1990, y según la cual la experiencia de guerra de los soldados del frente en la Primera Guerra Mundial habría sido la causa de los altos niveles de violencia política de la República de Weimar y, por ende, el origen del nacionalsocialismo y el genocidio. El artículo clarifica las raíces de la interpretación mosseana, analiza las críticas, reformulaciones y usos de la “brutalización” y concluye que el fuerte debate mantenido, a pesar de no alcanzar consenso, terminó por consagrar una noción sugerente, aunque obscura y de cuestionable capacidad analítica, en el lenguaje profesional de los historiadores.

  11. La sociología en el Leteo: el largo adiós de Georges Gurvitch* La sociología en el Leteo: el largo adiós de Georges Gurvitch*

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    José María Pérez-agote Aguirre

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to call the reader’s attention upon George Gurvitch’s sociology. It seeks to highlight both its intrinsic value and its significance in approaching the micro-macro problem as a core subject in the sociological debate of the last two decades of the 20th century. Gurvitch, who introduced the terms microsociology and macrosociology in the sociological field, is the autor of a model for the representation of social reality in which the micro-macro are succesfully integrated. This fact makes us vindicate his often neglected presence in the sociological debate carried out during the 1980´s, especially in the work of Jeffrey Alexander.Este artículo pretende llamar la atención sobre el interés actual de la sociología de Georges Gurvitch, tanto por su valor intrínseco como por la singular relevancia que adquiere en relación al problema de la síntesis micro-macro, uno de los temas que ha dominado la teoría sociológica en las últimas décadas. Se recuerda a Gurvitch como introductor en el lenguaje sociológico de los vocablos microsociología y macrosociología y, ante todo, como autor de un modelo de representación de la realidad social en el que lo micro y lo macro se integran dialécticamente con el propósito, logrado en alto grado, de reflejar fielmente la inagotable complejidad y riqueza de la vida social. Todo ello hace inexcusable su olvido por parte de quienes propiciaron el debate en los ochenta, especialmente Jeffrey Alexander.

  12. La fouille du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Premiers résultats The excavation of fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. First results

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    Bruno Dufaÿ

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette note présente les premiers résultats des fouilles menées en 2003 et 2004 sur la quasi-totalité du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Celui-ci est l’un des trois éléments de la forteresse médiévale qui domine la ville. La fouille a permis de préciser la fonction du fort, construit dans la deuxième moitié du XIIe s., à l’époque où Chinon est le centre administratif des possessions continentales des Plantagenêt, rois d’Angleterre. Du point de vue militaire, il formait une fortification avancée, protégeant le château principal, selon une structure que Richard Cœur de Lion appliquera au Château Gaillard. À l’intérieur, de vastes bâtiments constituaient des logis, conçus peut-être au départ pour héberger la chancellerie royale.This article presents the first results of the excavations undertaken in 2003 and 2004 over almost all of the Fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire, one of three elements of the medieval fortress which dominates the town. The excavation enabled us to clarify the function of the fort, built in the 2nd half of the 12th century at a time when Chinon was the administrative centre of the continental possesions of the Plantagenet King of England. From a military point of view, it formed an advanced fortification protecting the main castle, within a structure that Richard the Lionheart would apply to the Chayeau Gaillard. Inside, some vast buildings made up the dwellings, designed perhaps initially to house the royal chanceller.

  13. George gives to geology Jane : the name letter effect and incidental similarity cues in fundraising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkers, René H.F.P.

    2010-01-01

    - People tend to like others with attributes similar to their own (the similarity principle) and favor products with names similar to their own (the name letter effect). - In the present field experiment, the name letter effect and similarity principle are tested in a phonaton among alumni of

  14. Traffic of genetic information between segmental duplications flanking the typical 22q11.2 deletion in velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlicek, Adam; House, Reniqua; Gentles, Andrew J; Jurka, Jerzy; Morrow, Bernice E

    2005-11-01

    Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome results from unequal crossing-over events between two 240-kb low-copy repeats termed LCR22 (LCR22-2 and LCR22-4) on Chromosome 22q11.2, comprised of modules, each of which are >99% identical in sequence. To delineate regions in the LCR22s that might contain hotspots for 22q11.2 rearrangements, we scanned the interval for increased rates of recombination with the hypothesis that these regions might be more prone to breakage. We generated an algorithm to detect sites of altered recombination by searching for single nucleotide polymorphic positions in BAC clones from different libraries mapped to LCR22-2 and LCR22-4. This method distinguishes single nucleotide polymorphisms from paralogous sequence variants and complex polymorphic positions. Sites of shared polymorphism are considered potential sites of gene conversion or double cross-over between the two LCR22s. We found an inverse correlation between regions of paralogous sequence variants that are unique to a given position within one LCR22 and clusters of shared polymorphic sites, suggesting that these clusters depict altered recombination and not remnants of ancestral single nucleotide polymorphisms. We postulate that most shared polymorphic sites are products of past transfers of DNA information between the LCR22s, suggesting that frequent traffic of genetic material may induce genomic instability in the two LCR22s. We also found that gaps up to 1.5 kb long can be transferred between LCR22s.

  15. The Tissue Culture Laboratory of Dr. George Otto Gey 60 yrs ago as recalled by a former student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrose, Charles T

    2017-05-01

    George Otto Gey was a pioneer in tissue culture, having introduced the roller drum, the HeLa cell line, and the use of human fetal cord serum and beef embryo extract. During his career (1920s-1960s), the field of tissue culture was in its infancy and not yet dependent upon commercial biological supply houses. While the early techniques of cell culture have been greatly improved upon, of historical interest may be personal observations of the Gey Tissue Culture Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Medical School, as recalled by a medical student working there in the 1950s. Dr. Gey served as a founding member and executive of the Tissue Culture Commission (TCC) and became the first president of the Tissue Culture Association (TCA).

  16. All Propaganda is Dangerous, but Some are More Dangerous than Others: George Orwell and the Use of Literature as Propaganda

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    Samantha Senn

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The true battles of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union were fought on the ideological front: pitting democracy and capitalism against totalitarianism and communism. The Office of Policy Coordination (OPC of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA was formed in the late 1940s to help combat the spread of Communism across Europe and in the United States. Part of the “psychological warfare” included the use of propaganda. Around the same time, British author George Orwell had recently published Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Both novels, due to the anti-Communist overtones, were adopted by the OPC as part of a larger anti-Soviet campaign. By examining the use by intelligence agencies of Orwell’s works during the Cold War and the potential use of those works in a post-9/11 global society, this paper aims to illustrate the fickle nature of literary works as propaganda.

  17. Clinical manifestations of Deletion 22q11.2 syndrome (DiGeorge/Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Digilio, Mc; Marino, B; Capolino, R; Dallapiccola, B

    2005-04-01

    Deletion 22q11.2 syndrome (Del22) (DiGeorge/Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome) is characterized by congenital heart defect (CHD), palatal anomalies, facial dysmorphisms, neonatal hypocalcemia, immune deficit, speech and learning disabilities. CHD is present in 75% of patients with Del22. The most frequently seen cardiac malformations are "conotruncal" defects, including tetralogy of Fallot (TF), pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD), truncus arteriosus (TA), interrupted aortic arch (IAA), and ventricular septal defect (VSD). The study of the specific "cardiac phenotype" in patients with Del22 shows that a particular cardiac anatomy can be identied in these subjects. In addition to CHD, various organ systems can be involved, so that a multidisciplinary approach is needed in the evaluation of patients with Del22.

  18. The George W. Comstock Center for Public Health Research and Prevention: A Century of Collaboration, Innovation, and Translation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coresh, Josef; Platz, Elizabeth A

    2016-03-01

    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has been engaged in public health research and practice in Washington County, Maryland, nearly since its inception a century ago. In 2005, the center housing this work was renamed the George W. Comstock Center for Public Health Research and Prevention to honor its pioneering leader. Principles that guided innovation and translation well in the past included: research synergies and opportunities for translation realized through longstanding connection with the community; integration of training with public health research; lifelong learning, mentorship, and teamwork; and efficiency through economies of scale. These principles are useful to consider as we face the challenges of improving the health of the population over the next 100 years. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. 50 years after the death of George Nicholas Papanicolaou (1883-1962): evaluation of his scientific work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamantis, Aristidis; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil; Koutselini, Helen

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this review article is to summarise the scientific work of George Nicholas Papanicolaou, one of the most eminent figures in the 20th century history of clinical cytology and medicine. Fifty years after his death, his work still remains invaluable, from the early steps in biology and zoology to the application of the Pap test as the most important advancement in the prevention of cervical cancer. The publication of his Atlas was the first important step for the foundation of a new branch in medicine, that of exfoliative cytology. His contribution to cytology undoubtedly earned him the title of the "father of exfoliative cytology" and saved the lives of many women worldwide.

  20. Checklist of plant species of the coastal fynbos and rocky head­lands, south of George, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Victor

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available A checklist of vascular plants and cryptograms was compiled for the fynbos and rocky headland communities of the coastal region south of George The area studied is a 12 km stretch of steep sandstone cliffs forming alternating bays and headlands situated between Glentana and Wilderness. The plant communities of the natural vegetation inhabiting the coastline are a mixture of coastal thicket, riparian thicket, fynbos and rocky headland types. The extent of natural vegetation has been reduced by the spread of agricultural land and urban development and is under further threat from the spread of naturalised alien invader species, particularly Acacia cyclops. The checklist records the occurrence of 271 taxa including 16 alien species (6% of taxa. Of the flowering plant species recorded, 6% were regional or local endemics.

  1. Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta of three Mid-Atlantic Parks in the George Washington Memorial Parkway, U.S.A.

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    Edward Barrows

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A diverse sawfly fauna of 176 species in 66 genera in 10 families occurred in three parks in the George Washington Memorial Parkway – Dyke Marsh Wildlife Preserve (DMWP, Great Falls Park (GFP, and Turkey Run Park (TRP. Adult sawflies flew from early March through mid-November. They included the rarely-collected Kerita fidala Ross, a leafminer of Mertensia virginica (L. Pers. ex Link (Boraginaceae and an unidentified Caliroa sp. which consumes Staphylea trifolia L. (Staphyleaceae. Nine of the collected species are alien ones in North America. Based on coefficients of community, DMWP was more similar to TRP than GFP, and GFP and TRP were more similar to one another than to DMWP. In DMWP, most species were uncommon in samples. Ninety-five percent of the reported host genera of the collected sawfly species occurred in all three of the parks.

  2. Síndrome de DiGeorge e Anel Vascular. Associação Invulgar e Abordagem Multidisciplinar

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, P.; Anjos, R.; Abecassis, M.; Oliveira Santos, J; Maymone Martins, F

    2009-01-01

    A Síndrome velocardiofacial/DiGeorge/CATCH 22 consiste num espectro de associação caracterizado por fácies invulgar, insuficiência velo-palatina, anomalias cardíacas conotruncais, ausência do timo e das glândulas paratiróides, frequentemente associada também a perturbações do desenvolvimento. A alteração genética associada a esta anomalia é a microdelecção no cromossoma 22 (22q11.2). É descrito o caso de um lactente de 4 meses, com antecedentes de crises de dificuldade respiratória obstrutiva...

  3. Botany and zoology in the late seventeenth-century Philippines: the work of Georg Josef Camel SJ (1661-1706).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes, Raquel A G

    2009-10-01

    Georg Josef Camel (1661-1706) went to the Spanish colony of the Philippine Islands as a Jesuit lay brother in 1687, and he remained there until his death. Throughout his time in the Philippines, Camel collected examples of the flora and fauna, which he drew and described in detail. This paper offers an overview of his life, his publications and the Camel manuscripts, drawings and specimens that are preserved among the Sloane Manuscripts in the British Library and in the Sloane Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London. It also discusses Camel's links and exchanges with scientifically minded plant collectors and botanists in London, Madras and Batavia. Among those with whom Camel corresponded were John Ray, James Petiver, and the Dutch physician Willem Ten Rhijne.

  4. Fear and Fascination in the Big City: Rilke's Use of George Simmel in The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge

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    Neil H. Donahue

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines Rainer Maria Rilke's The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge (1910 as one corner in a triangle of reciprocal influence and affinity in early twentieth-century modernity consisting of Rilke, the sociologist Georg Simmel, and the art theorist Wilhelm Worringer. In the notes, this essay documents the biographical relations among the three, but in its text it demonstrates through textual analysis how Rilke's descriptions of Malte in Paris enact Simmel's categories of psychological response for man in the metropolis, as delineated in his essay "The Metropolis and Mental Life"(1903. Rilke's descriptions of Malte's attempts to overcome his fears of the metropolis coincide then with Worringer's thesis in his Abstraction and Empathy (1908 on the psychological origins of abstract art and Joseph Frank's later elaboration of that thesis into an aesthetics of spatial form.

  5. GEORGE ORWELL’IN 1984’Ü: TOPLUMSAL DEĞERLER VE ANTİ-ÜTOPYA

    OpenAIRE

    UYSAL, M. Başak

    2015-01-01

    1984’de George Orwell, Okyanusya toplumunda Büyük Birader’in varlığı tarafından oluşturulan korkunun bireyleri kontrol altında tutmak için bir araç olarak kullanıldığı teknolojik anlamda gelişmiş bir dünyayı ortaya koyar. Orwell, ütopya geleneğini manipüle edip ele geçirir ve yaşamın mahrumiyet, sıkıntı veya dehşet gibi unsurlar nedeniyle son derece kötü olduğu kurgusal bir mekân olan distopyayı (anti ütopya) yaratır. Orwell’ın distopyası, insanların kendi yaşamları üzerinde herhangi bir etki...

  6. Checklist of plant species of the coastal fynbos and rocky head­lands, south of George, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Victor

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A checklist of vascular plants and cryptograms was compiled for the fynbos and rocky headland communities of the coastal region south of George The area studied is a 12 km stretch of steep sandstone cliffs forming alternating bays and headlands situated between Glentana and Wilderness. The plant communities of the natural vegetation inhabiting the coastline are a mixture of coastal thicket, riparian thicket, fynbos and rocky headland types. The extent of natural vegetation has been reduced by the spread of agricultural land and urban development and is under further threat from the spread of naturalised alien invader species, particularly Acacia cyclops. The checklist records the occurrence of 271 taxa including 16 alien species (6% of taxa. Of the flowering plant species recorded, 6% were regional or local endemics.

  7. George Morgan and Scott Poynting (eds Global Islamophobia: Muslims and Moral Panic in the West. London: Ashgate.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Debney

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Previous to 2001, Islam was a mere flicker on the radar of popular xenophobic paranoia. A decade and a half and the world’s first global moral panic later, this situation has changed entirely, apparently by design. As the editors of Global Islamophobia point out, the Terror Scare has elevated Muslims to ‘transnational folk devil,’ foisting the logic of ‘if you think for yourselves the terrorists win’ on the public realm in the name of defending democratic values. The paradoxical character of the generally destructive effects of this Terror Scare on democratic culture remains hard to miss, not least given the rhetoric about western values that tends to accompany much of the debate.Download the PDF file from this page to read Ben Debney's complete review of George Mirgan and Scott Poynting's edited book.

  8. Fahrstuhlfahrten und Einstiegsschwierigkeiten. Erschließungstechniken in Georges Perecs »La Vie mode d’emploi«

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    Johanne Mohs

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Der Artikel ist eine produktionsästhetische Untersuchung zu Einstiegsschwierigkeiten in literarische Schreibprozesse und ihre Auflösung mithilfe räumlicher und sprachspielerischer Erschließungstechniken. Als Beispiel dient mir die Poetik des OuLiPo (»Ouvroir de littérature potentielle« und hier insbesondere (die Genese von Georges Perecs Roman »La vie mode d’emploi«. Genauer wird daran gezeigt, wie Perec eine blockierte Fahrstuhlfahrt als metaphorische Referenz auf seine anfängliche Schreibhemmung in den Roman einfügt und wie diese Referenz als Kommentar zur Erzählbarkeit komplexer Raum-Zeit-Gefüge im Gesellschaftsroman des 20. Jahrhunderts, insbesondere zu Marcel Prousts »Recherche«, verstanden werden kann.

  9. Effects of Hurricane Georges on habitat use by captive-reared Hispaniolan Parrots (Amazona ventralis) released in the Dominican Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, T.H.; Collazo, J.A.; Vilella, F.J.; Guerrero, S.A.

    2005-01-01

    We radio-tagged and released 49 captive-reared Hispaniolan Parrots (Amazona ventralis) in Parque Nacional del Este (PNE), Dominican Republic, during 1997 and 1998. Our primary objective was to develop a restoration program centered on using aviary-reared birds to further the recovery of the critically endangered Puerto Rican Parrot (A. vittata). Hurricane Georges made landfall over the release area on 22 September 1998 with sustained winds of 224 km/h, providing us with a unique opportunity to quantify responses of parrots to such disturbances. Quantitative data on such responses by any avian species are scarce, particularly for Amazona species, many of which are in peril and occur in hurricane-prone areas throughout the Caribbean. Mean home ranges of 18 parrots monitored both before and after the hurricane increased (P = 0.08) from 864 ha (CI = 689-1039 ha) pre-hurricane to 1690 ha (CI = 1003-2377 ha) post-hurricane. The total area traversed by all parrots increased > 300%, from 4884 ha pre-hurricane to 15,490 ha post-hurricane. Before Hurricane Georges, parrot activity was concentrated in coastal scrub, tall broadleaf forest, and abandoned agriculture (conucos). After the hurricane, parrots concentrated their activities in areas of tall broadleaf forest and abandoned conucos. Topographic relief, primarily in the form of large sinkholes, resulted in "resource refugia" where parrots and other frugivores foraged after the hurricane. Habitat use and movement patterns exhibited by released birds highlight the importance of carefully considering effects of season, topography, and overall size of release areas when planning psittacine restorations in hurricane-prone areas. ?? The Neotropical Ornithological Society.

  10. La fauna come inferno della psiche. Metamorfosi animali nelle interpretazioni lautréamontiane di Gaston Bachelard e Georges Bataille

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    Francesco Agnellini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the reading about the work of Lautréamont given by Gaston Bachelard and, in particular, the very important role that has in it the animal metamorphosis. In a second step, it would approach it through the analysis given by Georges Bataille in La Littérature et le Mal (Literature and Evil, but never fully expressed. In the Lautréamont, Bachelard identifies as the formal cause of the Chants de Maldoror the vitalistic dynamism expressed by the rapid succession of images in the unit of animal metamorphosis. The procedure followed in the course of the analysis is similar to the one previously used in La Psychanalyse du feu (The psychoanalyse of the fire: to stress the infantile, subjective and poetic dimension that precedes any objective knowledge. Rather than an happy rêverie, Lautréamont makes figuratively evident an incendiary fantasy focused on the uprising, and expression of a complex of animal life which gives rise to a phenomenology of aggression; as if the call of the embers presented in La Psychanalyse du feu as an example of the most serene philosophy of the rest, had a necessary prelude in the hell of the psyche, graphically represented by the cruelty of animals that inhabit the Chants. Similarly, Georges Bataille sees in Lautreamont the founder of a literature that expressed herself as intensive communication, based on the knowledge of evil, far from everyday life, and near to the dark zones, unconscious, regulated by taboos, which heterology designates as the accursed share. Therefore, the combination between the two authors is potentially really profitable, in the common vision of the ducassian work as a mental space animated by metamorphic images and expression of violent obsessions that translates the needs of animals and the desire of freedom of each person.

  11. Sexual and Psychosocial Functioning in Women with MRKHS after Neovaginoplasty According to Wharton-Sheares-George: A Case Control Study.

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    Katharina Leithner

    Full Text Available Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS has a major impact on a woman's psychological and sexual well-being. In most of the studies that addressed treatment techniques, postoperative sexual function was reported to be satisfactory; however, comparatively few studies have additionally provided an accurate analysis of psychosocial functions in MRKHS patients following different kinds of neovaginal treatment. This study is to evaluate sexual and psychosocial functioning after creation of a neovagina according to Wharton-Sheares-George in women with MRKHS.We performed a case-control-study using multiple measures to assess sexual and psychosocial functioning. Ten MRKHS patients and 20 controls of a University hospital and tertiary center for pediatric and adolescent gynecology were assessed. The follow-up assessment comprised 6 standardized questionnaires (Female Sexuality Function Index, FSFI; Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ; Brief Symptom Inventory, BSI; World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment, WHOQoL-BREF; Parental Bonding Instrument, PBI; and a German questionnaire on body image. The main outcome measures were sexual function, psychological status, quality of life, body image, and parental bonding styles.Sexual function, psychological status (including depressive and somatic symptoms, quality of life, and own-body experience were at least as good in operated MRKHS patients as in controls. In some measures (FSFI, PHQ-15, psychological domain of the WHOQoL-BREF, and BSI Positive Symptom Total, patients scored significantly better than controls. The results of the PBI indicated a close and sustainable mother-daughter-relationship in MRKHS patients.We found no evidence for an impairment of sexual or psychosocial functioning in patients after neovaginoplasty according to Wharton-Sheares-George. MRKHS may not necessarily compromise sexual and psychological well-being, provided that the syndrome is properly managed by a

  12. Quantitative ecological risk assessment of inhabitants exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in terrestrial soils of King George Island, Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pongpiachan, S.; Hattayanone, M.; Pinyakong, O.; Viyakarn, V.; Chavanich, S. A.; Bo, C.; Khumsup, C.; Kittikoon, I.; Hirunyatrakul, P.

    2017-03-01

    This study aims to conduct a quantitative ecological risk assessment of human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in terrestrial soils of King George Island, Antarctica. Generally, the average PAH concentrations detected in King George Terrestrial Soils (KGS) were appreciably lower than those of World Marine Sediments (WMS) and World Terrestrial Soils (WTS), highlighting the fact that Antarctica is one of the most pristine continents in the world. The total concentrations of twelve probably carcinogenic PAHs (ΣPAHs: a sum of Phe, An, Fluo, Pyr, B[a]A, Chry, B[b]F, B[k]F, B[a]P, Ind, D[a,h]A and B[g,h,i]P) were 3.21 ± 1.62 ng g-1, 5749 ± 4576 ng g-1, and 257,496 ± 291,268 ng g-1, for KGS, WMS and WTS, respectively. In spite of the fact that KGS has extremely low ΣPAHs in comparison with others, the percentage contribution of Phe is exceedingly high with the value of 50%. By assuming that incidental ingestion and dermal contact are two major exposure pathways responsible for the adverse human health effects, the cancer and non-cancer risks from environmental exposure to PAHs were carefully evaluated based on the ;Role of the Baseline Risk Assessment in Superfund Remedy Selection Decisions; memorandum provided by US-EPA. The logarithms of cancer risk levels of PAH contents in KGS varied from -11.1 to -7.18 with an average of -7.96 ± 7.73, which is 1790 times and 80,176 times lower than that of WMS and WTS, respectively. All cancer risk levels of PAH concentrations observed in KGS are significantly (p PAHs were found in ;acceptable level;.

  13. Recovering and Framing the George I. Sanchez Legacy of Chicana/o Student and Policy Advocacy: Utilizing Data for Social Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Cristóbal

    2014-01-01

    Recovering and critically examining the pioneering scholarship and history of George I. Sanchez provides an interpretation toward a legacy of a Chicana/o student and policy advocacy framework for Chicana/o scholars to consider. The author of this work applies a critical policy theoretical analysis by Frank Fischer to develop a Chicana/o student…

  14. Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) and First U.S. Paleontology Professor Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-99) at Yale University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This paper describes the lives and contributions of George Peabody and his nephew Othniel Charles Marsh. Marsh influenced his uncle's gifts to science and science education, particularly in the founding of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard, the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale, and the Peabody Academy of Science,…

  15. Social Reconstructionist Philosophy of Education and George S. Counts: Observations on the Ideology of Indoctrination in Socio-Critical Educational Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutinen, Ari

    2014-01-01

    This article comprises three parts: The author first outlines the principles of the social reconstructionist philosophy of education related to educational activity and social philosophy. After this, he describes the educational philosophy of George S. Counts, the most important developer of the social reconstructionist philosophy of education,…

  16. French-Canadian Version of the Chronic Respiratory and of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaires: An Assessment of their Psychometric Properties in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Bourbeau

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: French versions of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ and the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ have largely been used in Canada, although the process by which they were translated remains unknown and the psychometric properties of these translated versions have not been assessed in a properly designed study.

  17. Redefining the Subject, Redefining the Social, Reconsidering Education: George Herbert Mead's Course on Philosophy of Education at the University of Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesta, Gert J. J.

    1999-01-01

    George Mead's posthumously published works express a genuine philosophy of education. This paper contributes to the reconstruction of Mead's educational philosophy, examining a typescript of student notes from his course on philosophy of education at the University of Chicago. The essay discusses the typescript against the backdrop of Mead's…

  18. Ola Hansson ja Georg Brandes : märkusi Nietzsche esimese retseptsiooni kohta / Alessandro Fambrini ; tlk. Mart Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fambrini, Alessandro

    2006-01-01

    F. Nietzsche loomingu mõjudest skandinaavia kirjandusele. Taanlase Georg Brandese käsitlusest "Friedrich Nietzsche. Traktaat aristokraatlikust radikalismist" ja rootslase Ola Hanssoni esseest "Friedrich Nietzsche. Tema süsteemi ja isiksuse piirjooned", autorite omavahelistest vastuoludest ja poleemikast seoses F. Nietzsche loomingu käsitlemisega

  19. A Modified Approach to PSI (Personalized System of Instruction) in COMM 100 Introduction to Communication as Implemented at George Mason University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Anita

    In the personalized system of instruction (PSI) used in beginning communication courses at George Mason University (Virginia), the students do more than read text materials and master cognitive course objectives. They are encouraged to have experiences that reinforce what they read and to consider how these experiences relate to everyday life. The…

  20. IEEE Milestone at CERN - W Cleon Anderson (right), president of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, unveils the Milestone plaque at CERN, together with Georges Charpak

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    At a ceremony on 26 September at CERN, W Cleon Anderson, president of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), formally dedicated a "Milestone" plaque in recognition of the invention of electronic particle detectors at CERN. The plaque was unveiled by Anderson and Georges Charpak, the Nobel-prize winning inventor of wire-chamber technology at CERN.

  1. The murine homologue of HIRA, a DiGeorge syndrome candidate gene, is expressed in embryonic structures affected in human CATCH22 patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Wilming (Laurens); C.A. Snoeren; A.L. Rijswijk (Angelique); C. Meijers (Carel); F.G. Grosveld (Frank)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractA wide spectrum of birth defects is caused by deletions of the DiGeorge syndrome chromosomal region at 22q11. Characteristic features include cranio-facial, cardiac and thymic malformations, which are thought to arise form disturbances in the interactions

  2. Efectos del huracán Georges en la composición de especies y estructura de un bosque secundario en el interior de Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    A.E. Lugo; C.M. Domínguez Cristóbal; N. Méndez Irizarry

    2005-01-01

    From 1995 to 2003 we studied species composition and structure in a secondary subtropical wet forest in Utuado Puerto Rico. During September 21-22, 1998, hurricane Georges passed through the stand with maximum sustained winds of 184 km/h and gusts of 240 km/h. Species richness increased after the hurricane. While native species Miconia prasina reduced its Importance...

  3. Como e quando retirar as tropas do Iraque? Com a palavra, o(a sucessor(a de George W. Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Telésforo N. de Medeiros Filho

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca delinear uma das principais questões a ser enfrentada pelo sucessor de George W. Bush na Casa Branca: a retirada das tropas norte-americanas do Iraque. Para isso expor-se-á as principais questões que circundam essa guerra, bem como demonstrar seu desenvolvimento até o patamar atual.

  4. Implications in the Theories of Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, George Kelly and Erik Erikson for the Assessment of Instruction in College Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Miriam Thomas

    The interpretation a mature reader gleans from written language is a reflection of his linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and experiential level. In providing adequate instruction, therefore, instructors must be knowledgeable about the developmental sequences characteristic of each of these domains. The theories of L.S. Vygotsky, George Kelly, Jean…

  5. George Alexander Kennedy: Comparative Rhetoric: An Historical and Cross-cultural introduction. NewYork-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. 238 strani (review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nada Grošelj

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Po dolgoletnem ukvarjanju z retoriko v klasični in pozni antiki Zahoda obravnava George A. Kennedy, verjetno eden najbolj cenjenih živečih strokovnjakov za to vedo (njegovo delo Klasična retorika je na voljo tudi v slovenskem prevodu, tudi retoriko v drugih kulturah.

  6. Colonization by mites of glacier-free areas in King George Island, Antarctica Colonização por ácaros em áreas livres de geleiras na Ilha Rei George, Antárctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Gryziak

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to investigate the ratio of colonization by terrestrial mites on ice-free areas created by the ongoing climate-induced melting of Antarctic glaciers. Glacier retreat opens new ice-free areas for the colonization by vegetation and animals. The study was undertaken on the Antarctic Specially Protected Area no. 128 (West Coast of the Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetlands Islands. Transects marked between the Ecology, Baranowski and Windy Glaciers, and a sea shore were used to collect soil samples. Oribatid mites were found only on near-shore areas, on patches of vegetation of more than 30 years of age. The colonization by mite communities is strongly determined by the presence of plants.Este trabalho visou investigar a proporção de colonização, por ácaros terrestres, em áreas de terra seca criadas pelo contínuo derretimento das geleiras antárticas induzido pelas condições climáticas. O recuo das geleiras abre novas áreas livres de gelo para a colonização pela vegetação e por animais. O estudo foi conduzido na Área de Proteção Especial da Antártica número 128 (ASPA nº 128, costa oeste da Baía do Almirantado, Ilha Rei George, Ilhas Shetland do Sul. Transectos marcados entre as geleiras Ecology, Baranowski e Windy e a costa marítima foram utilizados para coletar amostras de solo. Os ácaros oribatídeos foram encontrados somente em áreas próximas da costa em manchas de vegetação com mais de 30 anos de idade. A colonização das áreas de terra pelas comunidades de ácaros é fortemente determinada pela presença de plantas.

  7. Ice-dammed lateral lake and epishelf lake insights into Holocene dynamics of Marguerite Trough Ice Stream and George VI Ice Shelf, Alexander Island, Antarctic Peninsula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Bethan J.; Hambrey, Michael J.; Glasser, Neil F.; Holt, Tom; Rodés, Angél; Smellie, John L.; Carrivick, Jonathan L.; Blockley, Simon P. E.

    2017-12-01

    We present new data regarding the past dynamics of Marguerite Trough Ice Stream, George VI Ice Shelf and valley glaciers from Ablation Point Massif on Alexander Island, Antarctic Peninsula. This ice-free oasis preserves a geological record of ice stream lateral moraines, ice-dammed lakes, ice-shelf moraines and valley glacier moraines, which we dated using cosmogenic nuclide ages. We provide one of the first detailed sediment-landform assemblage descriptions of epishelf lake shorelines. Marguerite Trough Ice Stream imprinted lateral moraines against eastern Alexander Island at 120 m at Ablation Point Massif. During deglaciation, lateral lakes formed in the Ablation and Moutonnée valleys, dammed against the ice stream in George VI Sound. Exposure ages from boulders on these shorelines yielded ages of 13.9 to 9.7 ka. Following recession of the ice stream, George VI Ice Shelf formed in George VI Sound. An epishelf lake formed at 15-20 m asl in Ablation and Moutonnée valleys, dated from 9.4 to 4.6 ka, suggesting that the lake was stable and persistent for some 5000 years. Lake-level lowering occurred after this, with the lake level at 12 m at 3.1 ± 0.4 ka and at 5 m asl today. A readvance of the valley glaciers on Alexander Island at 4.4 ± 0.7 ka is recorded by valley glacier moraines overlying epishelf lake sediments. We speculate that the glacier readvance, which occurred during a period of warmth, may have been caused by a dynamic response of the glaciers to a lowering in surface elevation of George VI Ice Shelf.

  8. Looking into the attribute of transcendent genius: George Henry Boker and Robert Conrad’s use of Shakespeare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Ludot-Vlasak

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the literary responses of two nineteenth-century American playwrights to Shakespeare: Robert Conrad (1810-1848 and George Henry Boker (1823-1890. While Conrad aimed at providing a melodramatic counter-model to 2 Henry VI in Jack Cade, he failed to grasp Shakespeare’s ambivalent stance and to challenge his figure as a symbol of literary genius. Boker’s less radical and more reverential approach in Anne Boleyn and Francesca da Rimini prevented him from being more than an epigone. Although he altered his model and sometimes combined references to different plays, his use of Shakespeare was more a form of imitation than of reinvention. Conrad and Boker’s literary attitudes to the Bard proved to be quite different, but they both failed to defamiliarise him and to truly question Shakespeare as a literary icon.Cet article s’intéresse aux modalités selon lesquelles deux dramaturges américains du XIXe siècle – Robert Conrad (1810-1848 et George Henry Boker (1823-1890 – cherchent à s’approprier l’œuvre de Shakespeare. Dans Jack Cade, Conrad propose un contre-modèle mélodramatique à 2 Henri VI. La pièce révèle l’incapacité de l’auteur à saisir toutes les ambivalences idéologiques et morales de l’œuvre de son prédécesseur, mais aussi à remettre en cause la notion de génie shakespearien. L’approche de Boker s’avère beaucoup plus révérencieuse à l’égard de Shakespeare. Dans Francesca da Rimini et Anne Boleyn, l’écrivain transforme son modèle et combine des références à différentes pièces, mais il n’en reste pas moins un épigone. Si les deux auteurs ne réinventent pas l’œuvre du dramaturge élisabéthain, c’est qu’ils ne parviennent ni à remettre en question le statut d’icône littéraire de ce dernier, ni à le « défamiliariser ».

  9. Validación del cuestionario respiratorio St. George para evaluar calidad de vida en pacientes ecuatorianos con EPOC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Rivadeneira Guerrero

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (EPOC, ocasiona un impacto importante en la calidad de vida de los pacientes; su valoración es necesaria para un adecuado abordaje clínico y apoyo social. Objetivo: Validar la versión en español del Cuestionario Respiratorio St. George (CRSG en pacientes con EPOC, adaptado al castellano hablado en el Ecuador. Materiales y Métodos: Se aplicó el CRGS adaptado a 80 pacientes con EPOC. Los datos se compararon con los valores espirométricos, el estadio de la enfermedad, la Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria y la Marcha de 6 minutos. Resultados: Se obtuvo una buena correlación entre los dominios del CRSG y el índice sumatorio del mismo (rho: Síntomas = 0,86; Actividad = 0,94; Impacto = 0,97. La validez convergente del cuestionario adaptado fue significativa tanto al compararla con el Volumen Espiratorio Forzado en el primer segundo  (rho= -0,85 como con la Marcha de 6 minutos (rho= -0,75. Se obtuvo rho= 0,44 para ansiedad y 0,58 para depresión. La validez de grupos conocidos, demostró una correlación significativa entre el cuestionario y el estadio de la enfermedad (p <0,001. Discusión y Conclusiones: se demostró una adecuada fiabilidad, validez convergente y validez de grupos conocidos del CRSG adaptado al castellano hablado en Ecuador. Los resultados aportan evidencia para aplicar el cuestionario en la valoración de calidad de vida en pacientes con EPOC.Cómo citar este artículo: Rivadeneira MF. Validación del cuestionario respiratorio St. George para evaluar calidad de vida en pacientes ecuatorianos con EPOC. Rev Cuid. 2015; 6(1: 882-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v6i1.109 

  10. Ernst Mach and George Sarton's Successors: The Implicit Role Model of Teaching Science in USA and Elsewhere, Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siemsen, Hayo

    2013-05-01

    George Sarton had a strong influence on modern history of science. The method he pursued throughout his life was the method he had discovered in Ernst Mach's Mechanics when he was a student in Ghent. Sarton was in fact throughout his life implementing a research program inspired by the epistemology of Mach. Sarton in turn inspired many others in several generations (James Conant, Thomas Kuhn, Gerald Holton, etc.). What were the origins of these ideas in Mach and what can this origin tell us about the history of science and science education nowadays? Which ideas proved to be successful and which ones need to be improved upon? The following article will elaborate the epistemological questions, which Charles Darwin's "Origin" raised concerning human knowledge and scientific knowledge and which led Mach to adapt the concept of what is "empirical" in contrast to metaphysical a priori assumptions a second time after Galileo. On this basis Sarton proposed "genesis and development" as the major goal of his journal Isis. Mach had elaborated this epistemology in La Connaissance et l'Erreur ( Knowledge and Error), which Sarton read in 1911 (Hiebert in Knowledge and error. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1976; de Mey in George Sarton centennial. Communication & Cognition, Ghent, pp. 3-6, 1984). Accordingly for Sarton, history becomes not only a subject of science, but a method of science education. Culture—and science as part of culture—is a result of a genetic process. History of science shapes and is shaped by science and science education in a reciprocal process. Its epistemology needs to be adapted to scientific facts and the philosophy of science. Sarton was well aware of the need to develop the history of science and the philosophy of science along the lines of this reciprocal process. It was a very fruitful basis, but a specific part of it Sarton did not elaborate further, namely the erkenntnis-theory and psychology of science education. This proved to be a crucial missing

  11. De l’usage de l’intertexte biblique dans quelques poèmes de George Herbert et de John Donne Biblical Intertextuality in some Poems by George Herbert and John Donne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Breteau

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Controversial as the underlying theology of metaphysical poetry may be, such poets as George Herbert and John Donne extensively resorted to the use of the biblical intertext, and they had a thorough knowlege of both the hermeneutics and the poetics of their time. As a matter of fact, they cared more about conforming to the Word than to their Church’s rites and forms. And yet they did not read Scripture literally, but, like their contemporaries, freely indulged in the practice of typology, while displaying a great mastery of such poetic devices as emblems or conceits. Some differences can nevertheless be identified between Herbert’s and Donne’s respective approaches to religious poetry. In this study, a few poems are closely examined. “Easter Wings” and “Prayer I” can be seen to exemplify Herbert’s so-called “plain”, but in fact very elaborate, writing, while “Good Friday” and “At the round earth’s imagined corners” illustrate Donne’s paradoxical and ironical ways.

  12. Bush doctrine in the Middle East; The US foreign policy towards the Middle East during the George W. Bush presidency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukáš Hoder

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused at the most important elements of the US foreign policy towards the Middle East during the administration of George W. Bush (2001 – 2009. The text has two parts. The first part shows three important influences on creation and formulation of the US foreign policy towards the region. At the first place it was an effort to preserve unipolar character of the international system, hegemonic possition of the USA and its dominance in all regions. The second source was specific decision-making process set up by president Bush and the third source of the Bush strategy was a partial transformation of the US longtime policy towards the Middle East. The second part of the article discuss results of the Bush doctrine in the region. The text is focused at five most important consequences of the US foreign policy, which are the fight against proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the pursuit of the democratization throughout the region, the Israel-Palestinian conflict, regional “cold war” between Iran and Saudi Arabia and finally the struggle to stabilize the post-conflict Iraq.

  13. Propaganda and Surveillance in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four: Two Sides of the Same Coin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Yeo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Propaganda and surveillance are pervasive in contemporary society. Extensive literatures have developed around each. George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is an important point of reference in both literatures. Orwell takes both propaganda and surveillance to extreme limits: total surveillance and total propaganda. Writing them large he brings important aspects of each into sharp relief, which is why his novel has the iconic status that it does for theorists in both literatures. However Nineteen Eighty-Four is of interest not just for its potential contribution to theorizing about propaganda or about surveillance. Propaganda and surveillance in the novel are not just accidentally related but essentially linked. I show how they work not just individually but in tandem in Orwell’s text, playing complementary roles in an absurd project of total social control directed not just at behaviour but also thought. Relating propaganda and surveillance in a sustained and systematic reading of the novel reveals it to be an even richer resource for theorizing about either surveillance or propaganda than it is when read, as it typically is, with an emphasis on one or the other. Additionally, from a literary perspective this reading opens up what I believe is a fresh perspective on the novel and makes it more inviting for a thoughtful and rewarding reread.

  14. Challenges in Translation of Proper Nouns: A Case Study in Persian Translation of George Orwell’s Animal Farm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Askari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, one of the important problems in translation field will be Translation of Proper Nouns. This is an arduous task in Translation Studies to convey the main essence of the nouns amongst cultures. This is somehow due to the fact that every culture has its own system of rendering of proper nouns. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (Richards & Schmidt, 2002, p.429 defines the proper name as "a name which is the name of a particular person, place, or thing. Proper nouns have disparate allusions such as age, sex, specific connotations, and geographical regions. This study scrutinized two major translations of Animal Farm of George Orwell. The first rendering is pertained to Amirshahi (2010 and the second one Firuzbakht (1988. Finally, this study seeks to investigate the translation procedures of proper nouns in accordance with Newmark and Vermeer’s (Skopos theories of translation. This study shows that Newmark mostly peruses proper noun artificially to saturate the taste of the reader. While, Vermeer sets up the mutual agreement between the reader as the client and the translator in this process.

  15. Stavudine dosage reduction: Effect on symptomatic hyperlactataemia and lactic acidosis in patients at Dr George Mukhari Hospital, Pretoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Nlooto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A range of studies have demonstrated that symptomatic hyperlactataemia and lactic acidosis are associated with antiretroviral combinations containing stavudine. Following a meta-analysis showing that lower doses of stavudine are safer and as effective, the World Health Organization (WHO issued a statement that only a low dose of stavudine (30 mg should be used. We performed a retrospective review of the records of 86 patients (aged 27 - 59 years initiated on 30 mg or 40 mg stavudine-containing antiretroviral therapy regimens between 2004 and 2006 at the adult HIV clinic at Dr George Mukhari Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa. Our analysis demonstrated that stavudine dose reduction increased the odds of patients being more stable on treatment with fewer reported side-effects. Stavudine-containing regimens should be avoided in obese female patients. Low-dose stavudine (20 mg may offer alternative solutions in poor or resource-limited settings, with a lower associated risk of toxicity and side-effects; however, virological non-inferiority to the first-line treatment option should be established.

  16. Genetic dosage compensation in a family with velo-cardio-facial/DiGeorge/22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkalay, Avishai A; Guo, Tingwei; Montagna, Cristina; Digilio, M Cristina; Dallapiccola, Bruno; Marino, Bruno; Morrow, Bernice

    2011-03-01

    Cytogenetic studies of a male child carrying the 22q11.2 deletion common in patients with velo-cardio-facial/DiGeorge syndrome showed an unexpected rearrangement of the 22q11.2 region in his normal appearing mother. The mother carried a 3 Mb deletion on one copy and a reciprocal, similar sized duplication on the other copy of chromosome 22q11.2 as shown by fluorescence in situ hybridization and array comparative genome hybridization analyses. The most parsimonious mechanism for the rearrangement is a mitotic non-allelic homologous recombination event in a cell in the early embryo soon after fertilization. The normal phenotype of the mother can be explained by the theory of genetic dosage compensation. This is the second documented case of such an event for this or any genomic disorder. This finding helps to reinforce this phenomenon in a human model, and has significant implications for recurrence risks for the dose-compensated mother. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  17. Study of the Use of Lime Plaster on Heritage Buildings’ in Malaysia: A Case Study in George Town, Penang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Sabri A.A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Awareness of the use of compatible materials in historical building conservation has resulted in a rebirth of lime technology and application. However, knowledge of the preparation of and procedures influencing the final quality of lime is still limited and disagreement regarding the proper use of lime in heritage building conservation still continues to exist. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the reasons for deterioration and to suggest possible treatments for external walls of heritage buildings in George Town, Penang. Since lime has been used on most external walls, it was chosen as the focus of this research. This study was conducted based on a qualitative method which drew upon a review of literature, visual observations, and interviews. From a pilot survey of 85 historical buildings in the core zone, it was found that from the use of lime based materials, the possible defects were caused by three factors: climatic change, air pollution, and maintenance issues. This study focuses on the use of lime plaster as well as issues that could arise from its improper use.

  18. Jules and Augusta Dejerine, Pierre Marie, Joseph Babiński, Georges Guillain and their students during World War I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, O

    2017-03-01

    World War I (1914-1918), however tragic, was nonetheless an "edifying school of nervous system experimental pathology" not only because of the various types of injuries, but also because their numbers were greater than any physician could have foreseen. The peripheral nervous system, the spine and the brain were all to benefit from the subsequent advances in clinical and anatomo-functional knowledge. Neurosurgeons took on nerve sutures, spinal injury exploration, and the localization and extraction of intracranial foreign bodies. Little by little, physical medicine and rehabilitation were established. A few of the most famous Parisian neurologists at the time-Jules and Augusta Dejerine, Pierre Marie, Joseph Babiński and Georges Guillain, who directed the military neurology centers-took up the physically and emotionally exhausting challenge of treating thousands of wounded soldiers. They not only cared for them, but also studied them scientifically, with the help of a small but devoted band of colleagues. The examples presented here reveal their courage and their efforts to make discoveries for which we remain grateful today. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Distribution of marine birds on Georges Bank and adjacent waters. Technical progress report, 1 January--31 August 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, K.D.

    1978-10-01

    The work accomplished during the period covered in this technical progress report demonstrates the importance, interest, and necessity of a distribution study of marine birds in the Georges Bank area on a national and international scale. Cooperation was extended by the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Coast Guard, and by the Canadian Wildlife Service, Halifax, N.S., AltantNIRO, Kaliningrad, USSR, and Federal Republic of Germany. Two sampling methods, fixed-area and total bird counts, were effectively employed, which allow comparable data bases with marine bird distribution information being collected in the North Pacific, Bering and Chukchi Seas (Outer Continental Shelf Energy Assessment Program), and in the North Atlantic and Canadian Arctic (CWS and The Seabird Group). A marine bird data retrieval bank is being developed for MBO seabird data at the USFWS Migratory Bird and Habitat Research Laboratory. A food habits bibliography and prey item/bird species summary table for marine birds in the western North Atlantic has been prepared from existing literature. Unpublished NMFS data on zooplankton/ichthyoplankton, and ground fish is being made available for possible correlations in distribution of selected prey items with bird species.

  20. Distribution of marine birds on Georges Bank and adjacent water. Progress report No. 3, July--September 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, K.D.

    1978-10-01

    From 21 June to 16 September 1978, 8 cruises aboard U.S. and Canada Coast Guard cutters and research vessels from the National Marine Fisheries Service and AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, USSR were made in the following areas: U.S. mid- and north-Atlantic continental shelf, western North Atlantic basin, Atlantic Canada, and Hudson Strait and Bay. Excluding those Canadian areas sampled, 18, 136 marine birds of 22 species were counted in 941.99 km/sup 2/ sampled from 1002 fixed-area transects. An equal number of 10-min total bird counts (no fixed area) were conducted at the same time. Data collected from January to June 1978 have been punched. Data from cruises covered in this report have been transcribed, proofed, verified, and submitted to USFWS Migratory Bird and Habitat Research Laboratory. Eighteen of 24 MBO cruises made in 1977 have been transcribed. A cruise conducted 14--28 August was dedicated to the feeding ecology and distribution of marine birds on Georges Bank and contiguous waters. A total of 126 specimens of 9 species was collected. An analysis of the stomach contents of those birds will be made by AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, USSR.