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Sample records for echography

  1. [Quality management in cardiovascular echography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullace, Giuseppe

    2002-12-01

    The quality management of an organization can be defined as the ability to identify, plan and implement programs of measure, analysis, verification and control that allow to monitor management, resources, activities, processes and output/outcome of the same organization, including the satisfaction of the customers. Whatever the model used, it is demonstrated that the management-quality system, either for professional quality or for organization, turns out to be effective even in the health organizations within and to any level of organizational-structural complexity. The present paper concerns the experience of the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Echography (SIEC) on quality certification, both as a scientific society compared to other health organizations and to cardiovascular echo laboratories, and the definition of minimum requirements for the accreditation of the same laboratories. The model most frequently used for quality management is represented by the ISO 9000: Vision 2000, that is a management model with specific reference to the organization and the customer satisfaction. The model applied to the health structure needs a rapid change in mentality that addresses the operators to define, share and achieve objectives to be brought on by means of an active collaboration, group activity and deep sense of belonging necessary to the attainment of expected objectives. When the model is applied by a scientific society, it is necessary to take into account the different structural and functional organization, the constitution and the operators differing on the point of view of origin, experiences, mentality, and roles. The ISO 9000: Vision 2000 model can be applied also to the cardiovascular echo laboratory which may be compared to a simple organization; for its corrected functioning, SIEC has defined minimal requirements for the accreditation, realization and modalities to carry out and manage quality. The quality system represents a new way of operating of an

  2. Echography and operated or irradiated breasts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baratte, B.; Neel-Paprocki, V.; Grumbach, Y.

    1995-01-01

    Since 1985, the medical survey of patients operated even for benign or malignant initial breast injury comprises an X-ray mammal examination and a mammal echography. Until 1993, the echography was performed with a CGR scanner device with a 7.5 MHz barrette. Now, a GE RTX 400 device with two MHz barrettes is used, one with a removable interposition equipment and the other for echography controlled punctures. Echographic modifications are dependent on the treatment used: partial or complete surgery and/or irradiation. Early and late normal echographic aspects must be known. Echography is particularly efficient for the diagnosis of post-surgery hematoma, lymphocele and abscess and for the detection of recurrence in the case of dense breast. Its combination with X-ray radiography can solve most diagnosis problems. In any case of doubt, puncture or tru-cut biopsy must be done, and if not sufficient, the use of NMR imaging remains of great help. (J.S.)

  3. Primary epiploic appendicitis and echography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mederos Curbelo, Orestes Noel; Da Costa Fernandez, Jose Manuel; Jequin Savariego, Esther; Ramos Hernandez, Ricardo Ulises

    2010-01-01

    This is the case of a woman aged 55 presenting with localized acute abdominal pain in right inferior quadrant of 12 hours of course, leukocytosis and peritoneal reaction. The abdominal echography findings showed a supposed epiploitis but the pain intensity and persistence determined the surgical intervention. Epiploic acute appendicitis is a infrequent affection that must to be suspected in case of acute pain in inferior abdominal quadrants and imaging studies are essential for preoperative diagnosis. (author)

  4. Echography and operated or irradiated breasts; Echographie et seins operes, irradies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baratte, B.; Neel-Paprocki, V.; Grumbach, Y. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 80 - Amiens (France)

    1995-12-31

    Since 1985, the medical survey of patients operated even for benign or malignant initial breast injury comprises an X-ray mammal examination and a mammal echography. Until 1993, the echography was performed with a CGR scanner device with a 7.5 MHz barrette. Now, a GE RTX 400 device with two MHz barrettes is used, one with a removable interposition equipment and the other for echography controlled punctures. Echographic modifications are dependent on the treatment used: partial or complete surgery and/or irradiation. Early and late normal echographic aspects must be known. Echography is particularly efficient for the diagnosis of post-surgery hematoma, lymphocele and abscess and for the detection of recurrence in the case of dense breast. Its combination with X-ray radiography can solve most diagnosis problems. In any case of doubt, puncture or tru-cut biopsy must be done, and if not sufficient, the use of NMR imaging remains of great help. (J.S.).

  5. THE DOPPLER ECHOGRAPHY – FROM GREEK MYTHOLOGY TO MODERN CARDIOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana DĂNIŞOR

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The following pages shall demonstrate how the nature of things is made evident through the science of naming, the structure of designation. Through this extensive analysis, I aim at establishing the connection between Greek mythology and modern cardiology by exploring the origin of the word echography and its modern counterpart the Doppler echography.

  6. Echographie devant une metrorragie du premier trimestre de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Echographie devant une metrorragie du premier trimestre de grossesse sur uterus bicorne a issue favorable. Vaginal bleeding in a pregnant woman with a bicornuate uterus, ultrasound finding and favourable outcome.

  7. Tele-Operated Echography and Remote Guidance for Performing Tele-Echography on Geographically Isolated Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Arbeille

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the performance of three tele-echography systems for routine use in isolated medical centers. Methods: Three systems were used for deep (abdomen, pelvis, fetal and superficial (muscle, thyroid, carotid artery examinations: (a a robotic arm (RA holding an echographic probe; (b an echograph with a motorized probe (MP; and (c remote guidance (RG where the patient site operator performed the examination assisted by an expert via videoconference. All systems were tested in the same medical center located 60 km away from the university hospital. Results: A total of 340 remote echography examinations were performed (41% RA and MP, 59% RG. MP and RA allowed full control of the probe orientation by the expert, and provided diagnoses in 97% of cases. The use of RG was sufficient for superficial vessel examinations and provided diagnoses in 98% of cases but was not suited for deep or superficial organs. Assessment of superficial organs was best accomplished using the MP. Discussion: Both teleoperated systems provided control of the probe orientation by the expert necessary for obtaining appropriate views of deep organs but the MP was much more ergonomic and easier to use than the RA. RG was appropriate for superficial vessels while the MP was better for superficial volumic organs.

  8. A user interface for mobile robotized tele-echography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Triantafyllidis, G.A. [Informatics and Telematics Institute ITI-CERTH, Thessaloniki (Greece)]. E-mail: gatrian@iti.gr; Thomos, N. [Informatics and Telematics Institute ITI-CERTH, Thessaloniki (Greece); Canero, C. [Computer Vision Center, UAB, Barcelona (Spain); Vieyres, P. [Laboratoire Vision and Robotique Universite d' Orleans, Bourges (France); Strintzis, M.G. [Informatics and Telematics Institute ITI-CERTH, Thessaloniki (Greece)

    2006-12-20

    Ultrasound imaging allows the evaluation of the degree of emergency of a patient. However, in many situations no experienced sonographer is available to perform such echography. To cope with this issue, the OTELO project 'mObile Tele-Echography using an ultra-Light rObot' (OTELO) aims to develop a fully integrated end-to-end mobile tele-echography system using an ultralight, remotely controlled six degree-of-freedom (DOF) robot. In this context, this paper deals with the user interface environment of the OTELO system, composed by the following parts: an ultrasound video transmission system providing real-time images of the scanned area at each moment, an audio/video conference to communicate with the paramedical assistant and the patient, and finally a virtual reality environment, providing visual and haptic feedback to the expert, while capturing the expert's hand movements with a one-DOF hand free input device.

  9. A user interface for mobile robotized tele-echography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Triantafyllidis, G.A.; Thomos, N.; Canero, C.; Vieyres, P.; Strintzis, M.G.

    2006-01-01

    Ultrasound imaging allows the evaluation of the degree of emergency of a patient. However, in many situations no experienced sonographer is available to perform such echography. To cope with this issue, the OTELO project 'mObile Tele-Echography using an ultra-Light rObot' (OTELO) aims to develop a fully integrated end-to-end mobile tele-echography system using an ultralight, remotely controlled six degree-of-freedom (DOF) robot. In this context, this paper deals with the user interface environment of the OTELO system, composed by the following parts: an ultrasound video transmission system providing real-time images of the scanned area at each moment, an audio/video conference to communicate with the paramedical assistant and the patient, and finally a virtual reality environment, providing visual and haptic feedback to the expert, while capturing the expert's hand movements with a one-DOF hand free input device

  10. Clinical evaluation of echography in diagnosis of thyroid disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fritzsche, H.; Braendle, J.

    1983-01-01

    In 63 patients echography of thyroid was performed additionally to case history, palpation, scintigraphy and hormone tests for evaluating clinical significance of this method. The benefit of this technique is rapid measurement of thyroid size, demonstration of nodules in palpable diffuse goiters and differentiating of solid or cystic nodules of the thyroid. For diagnosis of autonomous areas in the thyroid scintigrahy remains the method of choice. Also there is no correlation of ultrasound findings and thyroid function. In routine diagnostic procedure of thyroid disease echography may replace scintigraphy only in diffuse goiter and if radionuclide imaging is not possible. Nevertheless ultrasonic evaluation of the thyroid is an important additional method in diagnostic of thyroid diseases. (Author)

  11. Echography of congenital malformations of the central nervous system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toirac Romani, Carlos Andres; Salmon Cruzata, Acelia; Musle Acosta, Mirelvis; Rosales Fargie, Yamile; Dosouto Infante, Vivian

    2010-01-01

    A descriptive and prospective study was conducted in 173 pregnant women attended at the Provincial Department of Clinical Genetics of Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2000 to December, 2004, to identify congenital malformations of the central nervous system detected by means of echography. The most frequent malformation was the hydrocephaly, followed by the fusion defects of the spine, associated with the hydrocephaly and the absence of cranial cavity. There was a prevalence of altered alpha fetoprotein and of elevated amniotic fluid

  12. Role of echography in diagnostic dilemma in choroidal masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopal N Mithal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the role of echography in diagnosis and management of a diverse array of choroidal masses. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two cases of clinically suspected choroidal masses were prospectively analyzed with B-scan (10 Hz, A-scan, and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM (50 Hz after a meticulous history and ocular examination. Ancillary investigations and systemic evaluation were also done. Results: Based on clinical suspicion, acoustic features, response to treatment, and other ancillary tests combined together, the various masses were differentiated. The cases included in the study were as follows: n = 10 malignant melanomas, n = 16 metastasis and infiltrations, n = 9 hemangioma, n = 7 tuberculoma, n = 8 nonspecific inflammatory masses, n = 2 disciform plaques, n = 4 macular cysts or retinoschisis, n = 2 Coat′s disease, n = 1 melanocytoma, and n = 2 osteomas. Ultrasonography (USG alone could identify n = 51 lesions, while UBM in combination with USG was needed in remaining 11 masses. Conclusion: Standardized echography is an important adjunct in the diagnosis and management of eyes with intraocular masses. A better understanding of the clinicopathological and echographic picture of the diverse lesions can help in detection, differentiation, diagnosis, proposing a therapeutic approach, and also monitoring response to treatment. Echography is essential to evaluate tumors for extrascleral and anterior segment extension.

  13. Early pregnancy diagnosis in goats by transrectal echography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acosta, JI

    2007-01-01

    Echography observations every 5 days from 20 until 45 days past-mating, were carried out to determine when the pregnancy in goats can he detected and which are the elements that can be used for the which are the elements that can be used for the diagnosis with are ultrasonic equipment Aloka SSD 500 with a 5.0 MHz probe. From 25 days the pregnancy can be detected when the embryonic vesicle the observed. However, the higher was used efficiency is attained between the 30 and 35 days when embryons with heart beat as main sign of viability are observed

  14. Thyroid Echography-induced Thyroid Storm and Exacerbation of Acute Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakabayashi, Keisuke; Nakazawa, Naomi; Suzuki, Toshiaki; Asano, Ryotaro; Saito, Hideki; Nomura, Hidekimi; Isomura, Daichi; Okada, Hisayuki; Sugiura, Ryo; Oka, Toshiaki

    2016-01-01

    Hyperthyroidism and thyroid storm affect cardiac circulation in some conditions. Several factors including trauma can induce thyroid storms. We herein describe the case of a 57-year-old woman who experienced a thyroid storm and exacerbation of acute heart failure on thyroid echography. She initially demonstrated a good clinical course after medical rate control for atrial fibrillation; however, thyroid echography for evaluating hyperthyroidism led to a thyroid storm and she collapsed. A multidisciplinary approach stabilized her thyroid hormone levels and hemodynamics. Thus, the medical staff should be prepared for a deterioration in the patient's condition during thyroid echography in heart failure patients with hyperthyroidism.

  15. Breast Malignant Processes Echography at V. I. Lenin Hospital

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tamayo Hernandez, Lissette; Aguilar Munnoz, Liliana; Estevez de la Torre, Elyanne; Ricardo Guerrero, Migdania; Rodriguez Infanzon, Olga; Hung Arroyo, Jose Manuel

    2007-01-01

    A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with a presumptive diagnosis of breast malignant processes . The patients came from the breast cancer consulting room at V. I. Lenin Hospital from January 2005 to December 2005. A breast ultrasound imaging was done aimed at deepening in the diagnosis which was predominant in pre- menopausal women , being the left breast external upper quadrant the most frequent site of localization. The most suggestive echography pattern of malignant processes was the image with changes in its echostructure, soft echos in its inner part and irregular edge were observed. According to the mammography results the most frequent presentation was the visualization of a thick breast of irregular edge with spicule formations. There was a diagnostic correspondence between the echogram and the mammography considering that this is an adequate method for the initial evaluation of breast malignant processes

  16. Application of ultrasound echography and magnetic resonance imaging to diagnosis of fetoplacental insufficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parashchuk, Yu.S.; Merenkova, Yi.M.

    1998-01-01

    Eighty pregnant women underwent complex clinico laboratory investigation, of them 20 with normal gestation cause (the controls) and 60 with iron deficiency anemia of different degree. The function of fetoplacental complex was evaluated with ultrasound echography, cardiotocography, MRI, ultrasound placentography. Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant is accompanied by development of fetoplacental insufficiency. To diagnose the latter it is necessary to use ultrasound echography and MRI

  17. Usefulness of Doppler echography for the diagnosis of traumatic carotid thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" data-affiliation=" (Hospital Militar Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" >Rodríguez Montero, Enri; Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" data-affiliation=" (Hospital Militar Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" >González Méndez, Melvis; Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" data-affiliation=" (Hospital Militar Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" >González López, Ariel; Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" data-affiliation=" (Hospital Militar Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" >Campa, Belkis Ortega de la; Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" data-affiliation=" (Hospital Militar Joaquín Castillo Duany.Santiago de Cuba (Cuba))" >Germán Meliz, Jorge L.

    2015-01-01

    Carotid artery system traumas are rare and show high mortality rates. The case of right internal carotid artery thrombosis caused by a gunshot injury in the neck was presented in this report to show evidence of the usefulness of Doppler echography in the medical practice for the early diagnosis of these lesions in spite of the fact that literature highlights angiography, nuclear magnetic resonance and angioresonance as the imaging studies of choice. This case confirmed that carotid thrombosis due to trauma has low incidence but it can not be ignored in the cervical región traumas. For these reasons, the neurological complications stemming from artery occlusion are frequent and Doppler echography turned to be very useful for the early diagnosis of this illness in a patient. (author)

  18. ECHOGRAPHY POTENTIAL IN DIAGNOSTICS OF THE KNEE JOINT IMPAIRMENT IN THE EVENT OF THE JUVENILE ARTHRITIDES

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    N.V. Osipova

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA is one of the most widely spread rheumatic diseases among children, which is characterized by the steady progressive run, rapidly leading to the disability. Among numerous JRA manifestations, one of the leading is the joint syndrome with children mostly suffering from the knee joint impairment. With JRA, the initial changes in the joints affect the joint tissues and articular cartilage, while the bone changes evolve at the late stages of the disease. As a result, the echography plays an important role in the early arthritides diagnostics if compared to the x ray study and computerized tomography. To identify the typical features of the knee joint impairment, 97 children with JRA and 16 children with the juvenile spondyl arthritis (JSA underwent the high pitched linear transducer assisted echography. The overwhelming majority of patients showed the changes in the hyaline cartilage. The hyperechoic enlargements in the depth of the cartilage were typical of JRA, while the cartilage thinning was typical of JSA. About a half of the patients showed the effusion. Over a third of the patients showed the changes in the cortical layer of the articular bone surface.Key words: juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile spondyl arthritis, diagnostics, knee joint echography, children.

  19. Customized CT angiogram planning for intraoperative transesophageal echography-guided endovascular exclusion of thoracic aorta penetrating ulcer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piazza, Michele; Lupia, Mario; Grego, Franco; Antonello, Michele

    2015-04-01

    The technique is demonstrated in a 78-year-old man; the preoperative CT angiogram showed a descending thoracic aorta ulcer of 5.9 cm in maximum diameter and 3.8 cm longitudinal extension. A ZTEG-2P-36-127-PF (Cook Medical) single tubular endograft was planned to be deployed. From the preoperative CT angiogram we planned to land 4.7 cm above the midline of the descending thoracic aorta ulcer and 8.0 cm below. In the operating room, under radioscopic vision the centre of the transesophageal echography probe was used as marker to identify the correspondent midline of the descending thoracic aorta ulcer and a centimeter-sized pigtail catheter in the aorta was used to calculate the desired length above and below the ulcer midline. The endograft was introduced and placed in the desired position compared to the transesophageal echography probe and the catheter; under transesophageal echography vision the graft was finally deployed. The CT angiogram at 1 month showed the correct endograft position, descending thoracic aorta ulcer exclusion with no signs of endoleak. In selected cases, this method allows planning in advance safe stent graft positioning and deployment totally assisted by transesophageal echography, with no risk of periprocedural contrast-related renal failure and reduced radiation exposure for the patient and operators. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  20. Resolution improvement of ultrasonic echography methods in non destructive testing by adaptative deconvolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vivet, L.

    1989-01-01

    The ultrasonic echography has a lot of advantages which make it attractive for nondestructive testing. But the important acoustic energy useful to go through very attenuating materials can be got only with resonant translators, that is a limit for the resolution on measured echograms. This resolution can be improved by deconvolution. But this method is a problem for austenitic steel. Here is developed a method of time deconvolution which allows to take in account the characteristics of the wave. A first step of phase correction and a second step of spectral equalization which gives back the spectral contents of ideal reflectivity. The two steps use fast Kalman filters which reduce the cost of the method

  1. Usefulness of intraoperative echography for resection of a insulinoma located in the head of pancreas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cepero Valdes, Manuel; Hernandez Rivero, Hanoi; Ugarte Moreno, Dayana; Chao Gonzalez, Lissette

    2011-01-01

    The insulinoma is the more frequent neoplasms among the neuroendocrine tumors of pancreas. The aim of present paper is to describe the clinical picture, laboratory and imaging examinations and the surgical features as well as the complications in a patient diagnosed with insulinoma without evidences by preoperative images. Surgery was prescribed on the base of clinical and analytic evidences of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinism and the carrying out of an exploratory laparatomy without any lesion with direct palpation of pancreas. Intraoperative echography was used to locate a 0,8 cm nodule in the head of pancreas. After enucleation the only postoperative complication was a low-flow pancreatic fistula with a spontaneous remission. The histological diagnosis was a benign insulinoma. Patient had a clinical reversion of symptoms in addition to normalization of glycemia values, compared to those intraoperative. (author)

  2. Ultrasonic pulse echography for bubbles traveling in the proximity of a wall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Hyun Jin; Tasaka, Yuji; Murai, Yuichi

    2015-01-01

    The behavior of a bubbly two-phase flow in the vicinity of a wall affects heat, mass, and momentum transfer; therefore, there is great interest in developing a quantitative technique to monitor this behavior. Herein we propose a new method based on ultrasound echo signal processing that it feasible for industrial applications where the boundary layer is modified by traveling bubbles. By introducing time-resolved direct waveform analysis at 100 MHz, we have succeeded in the spatio-temporal detection of bubble surfaces at echographic profiling frequencies in the range of 15–20 kHz. Unlike conventional approaches, which use short pulses, a relatively long pulse length is applied to allow ultrasound Doppler velocimetry in the liquid phase. Examination of the horizontal bubbly two-phase turbulent channel flows demonstrated the feasibility of this method; spatio-temporal echography of moving bubble surfaces is successfully achieved as the bubbles travel on length scales smaller than the spatial ultrasonic pulse length near the wall. The applicable range of parameters (e.g. bubble size and shape, and flow speed) was determined by 3D numerical analysis of the wave equation and its application to bubbles flowing beneath a flat-bottom model ship. (paper)

  3. Magnetic resonance angiography in renal grafts. Comparison with color Doppler echography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yanagisawa, Takayoshi; Otsubo, Osamu; Nozaki, Harushige

    1995-01-01

    We studied relationship between magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of renal graft and renal graft function in 14 renal transplantations (10 from living donors, 4 from cadaveric donors). MRA was performed on 0.3-T permanent magnet system (MRP 7000, HITACHI, JAPAN) using 2 dimensional time of flight technique (FOV: 350 mm 2 , RT: 60 msec, ET: 10 msec, FA: 90deg, Slice: volumes 60, thickness 4 mm, overlap 1 mm). As for parameters of renal graft function, we evaluated color doppler echography (CD) of transplanted renal artery, renal blood flow (RBF), velocity of interlobar artery (ILA) and serum creatinine level (S-Cr). CD, RBF and velocity of ILA were visualized and measured by duplex color doppler echosystem (EUB-565A, HITACHI, JAPAN). Depending on visualization of transplanted renal artery, MRA was graded into 3 groups (MA Grade 3: visualization of ILA, MA Grade 2: visualization of segmental artery and the first branch but no visualization of ILA, MA Grade 1: visualization of main renal artery only). Likewise, visualization of CD was graded into 3 groups (CD Grade 3: good visualization of arcuate artery (AA) and ILA, CD Grade 2: poor visualization of AA but good visualization of ILA, CD Grade 1: poor visualization of ILA). The MRA grading had a very significant correlation (r=0.79, p<0.001) with the CD grading. As for RBF and velocity of ILA, the RBF of MA Grade 3 group (n=8) was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the MA Grade 2 group (n=4) and the MA Grade 1 group (n=2), and the velocity of ILA of MA Grade 3 group was also higher than the above groups but not significantly. Furthermore, the S-Cr of MA Grade 3 was significantly (p<0.05) lower than the others. These results showed that MRA of renal graft had a qualitative index of renal graft function. (author)

  4. The duplex-Doppler colour echography of the scrotum and testicles in adults and boys. III. Assessment of chronic scrotal pathology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rangel-Villalobos, E.; Benjumeda, A.; Jimenez-Castellanos, R.; Linares, A.; Blanco, A

    1999-01-01

    To show the most outstanding findings from the chronic scrotal pathology of adults and boys, determining the benefits of the Doppler echography in the diagnostical valuation of the different cases analysed. 40 patients (19 adults and 21 boys) with chronic scrotal symptomatology were examined using a B mode echography followed by a colour duplex-Doppler (CDD) echography with a lineal 7.5 MHz transducer. We compared the findings obtained with those corresponding to the contralateral testicle and, depending on the pathology, we co-related them with surgery, pathologic anatomy or clinical-echograph evolution. The pathology found was very varied, it was distributed into: varicoceles (12), testicle tumours (9), extra-testicle tumours (4) and miscellaneous pathology (13). Two patients showed no changes, currently remaining asymptomatic. The treatment was surgical in 28 (70%) of the patients and traditional in the others. The B mode echography played a fundamental role in the diagnosis of chronic scrotal pathology, which in the majority of the cases was definitive, being completed with the application of the Doppler echograph to analyse the vascular condition of the lesions and the anatomical structures. The diagnosis utility of the CDD echograph in chronic scrotal pathology is controversial, it is not specific for testicle tumors, it is very useful for variocele and complementary, tp the B mode echograph for miscellaneous pathology. (Author) 31 refs

  5. The duplex-Doppler colour echography of the scrotum and testicles in adults and boys. II. the contribution of the urgent study of acute scrotum symptoms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rangel-Villalobos, E.; Jimenez-Castellanos, R.; Bustos, C.; Linares, A.; Gonzalez-Prada, F.

    1999-01-01

    To analyse the findings, contributions and limitations of the Doppler echography for the urgent study of acute scrotum symptoms, both in adults and in boys. 60 patients (22 adults and 38 boys) with acute scrotal symptomatology were examined using B mode echography, followed by a colour duplex-Doppler (CDD) echography with a lineal 7.5 MHz transducer. We compared the findings obtained with those of the healthy contralateral testicle and with surgery or clinical-echographical evolution. The most common pathology was inflammation (27%) followed by ischemic (24%) and traumatic (17%). 12% of the patients had miscellaneous conditions. To conclude, in 20% of the cases the B mode and the Doppler examination was normal, the symptoms were resolved spontaneously. After carrying out the CDD only 14 (23%) of the cases needed immediate surgery and 3 (5%) delayed surgery, the remaining 43 (72%) patients responded to the traditional treatment. The CDD allows for a safe, quick and harmless diagnosis in practically all the acute scrotum cases, for both adults and boys. Its limitations in pre-puberty patients or in cases that were atypical are overcome when put in the hands of an expert radiologist, as they need a longer exploration time and suitable Doppler equipment. The main contribution to the urgent diagnosis of acute scrotum symptoms is that it accurately establishes which patients should be chosen for immediate surgery. (Author) 33 refs

  6. Apendicitis epiploica primaria y hallazgos de la ecografía Primary epiploic appendicitis and echography findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orestes Noel Mederos Curbelo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 55 años que presentaba dolor abdominal agudo localizado en el cuadrante inferior derecho, de 12 h de evolución, leucocitosis y reacción peritoneal. La ecografía abdominal fue indicativa de una presunta epiploitis, pero la intensidad y persistencia del dolor determinaron la intervención quirúrgica. La apendicitis aguda epiploica es una afección infrecuente pero debe sospecharse ante el dolor agudo en los cuadrantes abdominales inferiores, y la imagenología es fundamental para el diagnostico preoperatorio.This is the case of a woman aged 55 presenting with localized acute abdominal pain in right inferior quadrant of 12 hours of course, leukocytosis and peritoneal reaction. The abdominal echography findings showed a supposed epiploitis but the pain intensity and persistence determined the surgical intervention. Epiploic acute appendicitis is a infrequent affection that must to be suspected in case of acute pain in inferior abdominal quadrants and imaging studies are essential for preoperative diagnosis.

  7. Our approach for breast cancer screening using both mammography and echography, with special reference to detection of nonpalpable minute invasive cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takebe, Koji; Izumori, Ayumi; Yasumo, Naomi

    2007-01-01

    We present the results of our approach for breast cancer screening using both mammography and echography. A total of 4,632 participants underwent screening with our own combined method using mammography and echography at our clinic during a two-year period in 2005 and 2006. Recall studies were carried out in 364 women (recall rate, 79%), and breast cancer was detected in 36 women (cancer detection rate, 0.78%). When the detected cancers were classified histopathologically, 22 were invasive ductal cancers and the remaining 14 were non-invasive cancers. Of the 22 women who proved to have invasive cancers, 14 had been unaware of their tumors, which were non-palpable. If an invasive cancer is overlooked, the consequences may be more serious than if a non-invasive cancer is missed, because the former is can be potentially fatal. In order to decrease breast cancer mortality, invasive cancers must be detected when they are small. Since we were able to detect many small and non-palpable breast cancers that had not been noticed by the participants, our current breast cancer screening system appears to be more efficient for life-saving than other systems. (author)

  8. Echography by Thermonuclear Fusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramos, Ruben; Moreno, Carlos; Gonzalez, Jose; Florido, Pablo; Clausse, Alejandro

    2003-01-01

    A technique to substances detection in the neighbourhood of a compact Plasma Focus (PF) is presented. The method is based on the same principle of the sonar or the echographs.The measuring system is composed by two neutron detectors operated simultaneously on every shot.The first detector is used to register the PF neutron yield in each shot; whereas the other one was designed for detecting neutrons scattered by the blanket.The complete detecting system is very simple and inexpensive. The study consisted in measuring the reflection of neutrons emitted by a Deuterium pinch. The correlation of the counts recorded by the detectors located at different positions was mapped with the water distribution around the neutron source. Moreover, we obtained the maps of the substance positions coordinates in function of measurement variables. Also we used the MCNP code in order to simulate the experiments

  9. Echography in appendicitis acute diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ripolles Gonzalez, T.; Sanguesa Nebot, C.; Ambit Capdevila, S.; Lazaro y de Molina, S.

    1993-01-01

    Over an 18-month period, high resolution ultrasound was used to assess 220 patients with doubtful clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis. The ultrasonographic findings were correlated with the surgical results and the pathological results in 115 cases, and with clinical follow-up in the rest. This technique has been found to be effective in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis, with a sensitivity of 90.4%, and similar specificity and reliability (90.2%). The positive predictive value of the test was 89% and the negative predictive value, 91%. The ultrasonographic criteria applied for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis was the detection of an understood appendix measuring over 6 mm. All cases with perforation were correctly diagnosed as acute appendicitis. The observation of an accumulation of fluid pooled in DIF in patients with ultrasonographic findings suggestive of appendicitis points to a diagnosis of perforation or complicated (gangrenous) appendicitis. A relationship between complicated appendicitis and the detection of appendicoliths within the enlarged appendix was also observed. The results obtained demonstrate that high resolution ultrasound is indicated in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in all cases in which the clinical findings are doubtful

  10. The duplex-Doppler colour echography of the scrotum and testicles in adults and boys. II. the contribution of the urgent study of acute scrotum symptoms; Ecografia duples-Doppler color del escroto y el testiculo en el adulto y el nino. II. Aportacion al estudio urgente del escroto agudo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rangel-Villalobos, E.; Jimenez-Castellanos, R.; Bustos, C.; Linares, A.; Gonzalez-Prada, F. [Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena. Sevilla (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    To analyse the findings, contributions and limitations of the Doppler echography for the urgent study of acute scrotum symptoms, both in adults and in boys. 60 patients (22 adults and 38 boys) with acute scrotal symptomatology were examined using B mode echography, followed by a colour duplex-Doppler (CDD) echography with a lineal 7.5 MHz transducer. We compared the findings obtained with those of the healthy contralateral testicle and with surgery or clinical-echographical evolution. The most common pathology was inflammation (27%) followed by ischemic (24%) and traumatic (17%). 12% of the patients had miscellaneous conditions. To conclude, in 20% of the cases the B mode and the Doppler examination was normal, the symptoms were resolved spontaneously. After carrying out the CDD only 14 (23%) of the cases needed immediate surgery and 3 (5%) delayed surgery, the remaining 43 (72%) patients responded to the traditional treatment. The CDD allows for a safe, quick and harmless diagnosis in practically all the acute scrotum cases, for both adults and boys. Its limitations in pre-puberty patients or in cases that were atypical are overcome when put in the hands of an expert radiologist, as they need a longer exploration time and suitable Doppler equipment. The main contribution to the urgent diagnosis of acute scrotum symptoms is that it accurately establishes which patients should be chosen for immediate surgery. (Author) 33 refs.

  11. Transrectal echography in cancer of the rectum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lozano Barriga, Mauricio; Mejia Pineres, Fernando; Uriza, Felipe

    1996-01-01

    Study of the accuracy of trans rectal sonography for the establishment of tumour invasion to the rectal wall and detection of peri rectal ganglia, in patients with known rectal carcinoma and surgical confirmation of findings. Trans rectal sonography is the method of choice for the evaluation of rectal cancer

  12. Hydronephrosis and pregnancy: study with Doppler echography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ripolles Gonzalez, T.R.; Ambit Capdevilla, S.; Sanguesa Nebot, C.; Lazaro, S. de; Garcia Vila, J.H.; Belloch Ugarte, V.

    1993-01-01

    An 18-month study was performed to establish the normal intrarenal resistance index during pregnancy, in order to determine whether it differed significantly depending on the week of gestation or the degree of hydronephrosis. For this purpose , the flow velocity waves obtained in right kidney were analyzed in a group of 112 patients on the basis of 209 explorations. The kidneys were classified as grade 0,I,II, or III according to the degree of hydronephrosis. Doppler signal sampling was carried out at the level of the corticomedullary junction. From the results of the study it can be deduced that the index of intrarenal resistance during pregnancy is similar to that of the general population, that there are no significant differences among the groups with different degree of hydronephrosis and that the index does not vary according to the different weeks of gestation. These findings suggest that, during pregnancy, a pathological resistance index in a kidney should not be attributed to the physiological changes associated with normal gestation. (Author) 21 refs

  13. Echography and computed tomography in the diagnosis of gastric leiomyoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bujlov, V.M.; Borisanov, A.V.; Bessarab, A.V.

    1998-01-01

    Case of the diagnosis of gastric leiomyoma identified by ultrasonic scanning (USS) and computerized tomography (CT) (X-ray and endoscopic data are negative) is described. Presented observation shows the high efficiency of transabdominal USS and CT in revealing exogastric neoplasm

  14. Transvaginal echography in the diagnose of the ectopic pregnancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Betancourt, Claudia; Rivera, Humberto

    1993-01-01

    The ultrasound findings in 21 patients with confirmed ectopic pregnancy were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were those of anatomopathologic confirmation of this diagnosis. All patients were examined with trans-vaginal ultrasound. The most important echographic finding was and an adnexial mass, of mix nature, associated with fluid at the posterior cul-de-sac, in 86% of our patients

  15. Apport de l'echographie dans les contusions abdominales de l ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion : l'échographie joue un rôle déterminant dans le bilan lésionnel dans les contusions abdominales, cependant son utilisation reste limitée dans le domaine pédiatrique au CHU SO de Lomé, d'où la nécessité d'une plus large diffusion de cet outil diagnostic. Mots clés : contusion abdominale, enfant, échographie, ...

  16. [Contribution of pelvic echography to the diagnosis of malformations of the utero-vaginal tract].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellart, D; Houze de l'Aulnoit, H; Corette, L; Delcroix, M; Brabant, G

    1990-01-01

    Pelvic ultrasound has become very important in the diagnostic planning of utero-vaginal malformations. Having studies 93 congenital malformations of the utero-vaginal tract, the authors used ultrasound investigations as a first or second line of approach. They are able to describe the way ultrasound can be used for each type of malformation. Ultrasound is undeniably reliable for diagnosing bilateral incomplete aplasia of the uterus; so avoiding the need for laparoscopy. When failure of the uterus to develop on one side occurs it is possible to look for a closed or canalized rudimentary uterine nodule to confirm the diagnosis of a pseudo-unicorn uterus. The diagnosis by ultrasound of a bifid uterus shows up by the appearance of a "V" shape on the bladder. An intra-uterine septum can be diagnosed according to how serious the embryological abnormality is on ultrasound. Similarly the difference between a bicornuate uterus that is really just arcuate or partially septate cannot always be made with ultrasound because the embryological defect is a relatively minor one. Ultrasound examination is able to give a lot of information in diagnosing and calculating how much of the menstrual fluid is held back either on one side or completely. Its value is less when the two sides of the uterus communicate with one another. Although this way of examining patients may make it possible quite often to avoid carrying out hysterosalpingogram and laparoscopy, its greatest value is found when all methods of diagnosis are combined and interpreted in the context of a clinical situation.

  17. Comparative Survey of Ultrasound Images Compression Methods Dedicated to a Tele-Echography Robotic System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Delgorge, C

    2001-01-01

    .... For the purpose of this work, we selected seven compression methods : Fourier Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform, Wavelets, Quadtrees Transform, Fractals, Histogram Thresholding, and Run Length Coding...

  18. Quantification of vocal fold motion using echography: application to recurrent nerve paralysis detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Mike-Ely; Lefort, Muriel; Bergeret-Cassagne, Héloïse; Hachi, Siham; Li, Ang; Russ, Gilles; Lazard, Diane; Menegaux, Fabrice; Leenhardt, Laurence; Trésallet, Christophe; Frouin, Frédérique

    2015-03-01

    Recurrent nerve paralysis (RP) is one of the most frequent complications of thyroid surgery. It reduces vocal fold mobility. Nasal endoscopy, a mini-invasive procedure, is the conventional way to detect RP. We suggest a new approach based on laryngeal ultrasound and a specific data analysis was designed to help with the automated detection of RP. Ten subjects were enrolled for this feasibility study: four controls, three patients with RP and three patients without RP according to nasal endoscopy. The ultrasound protocol was based on a ten seconds B-mode acquisition in a coronal plane during normal breathing. Image processing included three steps: 1) automated detection of two consecutive closing and opening images, corresponding to extreme positions of vocal folds in the sequence of B-mode images, using principal component analysis of the image sequence; 2) positioning of three landmarks and robust tracking of these points using a multi-pyramidal refined optical flow approach; 3) estimation of quantitative parameters indicating left and right fractions of mobility, and motion symmetry. Results provided by automated image processing were compared to those obtained by an expert. Detection of extreme images was accurate; tracking of landmarks was reliable in 80% of cases. Motion symmetry indices showed similar values for controls and patients without RP. Fraction of mobility was reduced in cases of RP. Thus, our CAD system helped in the detection of RP. Laryngeal ultrasound combined with appropriate image processing helped in the diagnosis of recurrent nerve paralysis and could be proposed as a first-line method.

  19. Echography of clinically relevant disorders in the genital tract of female dromedary camels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Ahmed; Derar, Derar; Alsamri, Ali; Al Sobayil, Fahd

    2017-07-01

    The aim of this study was to characterize the clinically relevant genital tract disorders of dromedary camels. Reproductive tract examinations were performed via transrectal palpation, ultrasonography and vaginal exploration. The ultrasonic appearance of the reproductive pathology was described and compared with its morphology at laparotomy, after surgical removal, during postmortem examination or upon slaughter. Diagnosis was also confirmed by histopathology. The most frequently encountered follicular structures were larger than typical follicles (56/338, 16.6%) having three echo textures: 1) thin walls and clear hyperechogenic content (11.6%); 2) thick walls and few fibrous trabeculae (33.7%); and 3) thick walls and many echogenic transecting fibrinous strands (54.7%). Corpora lutea with non-echoic central cavity (5/31, 16.1%) were greater in diameter than those with no cavity (26/31, 83.9%) (P=0.03). A granulosa cell tumor (1/338, 0.3%) was multilocular and honeycombed in shape. Presence of a large, well-demarcated, hypoechogenic sac lateral to or beneath the uterine horn encasing the ovary was diagnostic for ovarian hydrobursitis (102/338, 30.2%). Hydrosalpinx and pyosalpinx (6/338, 1.8%) were beaded in appearance, with the ovary located outside these structures. Clinical endometritis/cervicitis (122, 36.1%) was characterized by changes in the homogeneity in about half of the cases. A greatly dilated uterus with clear, hypoechogenic or echogenic contents with signs of hydrometra and pyometra, respectively, was another categorization of a reproductive pathology (24/338, 7.1%). Highly reflective, linear structures were observed in cases with intrauterine fetal bone retention (1/338, 0.3%). In conclusion, reproductive pathologies in dromedary camels can be efficiently imaged by use of ultrasonic technologies, thus familiarizing the practitioner with these disorders and facilitating application of these technologies so that suitable treatment can occur is important in managing reproduction of dromedary camels. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. Curie-therapy of prostate cancer assisted by three-dimensional echography and robot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bolla, M.; Giraud, J.Y.; Descotes, J.L.; Long, J.A.; Hungr, N.; Baumann, M.; Troccaz, J.

    2011-01-01

    The author present and report the first assessments of the Prosper system which is based on the use of a robot coupled to methods of automatic tracking of prostate by three-dimensional ultrasonic imagery. This system aims at solving some difficulties met by curie-therapy. System accuracy has been assessed on a deformable anatomic phantom: a needle can be positioned with accuracy smaller that 2 mm, despite deformations and movements of the prostate embedded in the phantom. Short communication

  1. Deconvolution algorithms applied in ultrasonics; Methodes de deconvolution en echographie ultrasonore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perrot, P

    1993-12-01

    In a complete system of acquisition and processing of ultrasonic signals, it is often necessary at one stage to use some processing tools to get rid of the influence of the different elements of that system. By that means, the final quality of the signals in terms of resolution is improved. There are two main characteristics of ultrasonic signals which make this task difficult. Firstly, the signals generated by transducers are very often non-minimum phase. The classical deconvolution algorithms are unable to deal with such characteristics. Secondly, depending on the medium, the shape of the propagating pulse is evolving. The spatial invariance assumption often used in classical deconvolution algorithms is rarely valid. Many classical algorithms, parametric and non-parametric, have been investigated: the Wiener-type, the adaptive predictive techniques, the Oldenburg technique in the frequency domain, the minimum variance deconvolution. All the algorithms have been firstly tested on simulated data. One specific experimental set-up has also been analysed. Simulated and real data has been produced. This set-up demonstrated the interest in applying deconvolution, in terms of the achieved resolution. (author). 32 figs., 29 refs.

  2. Hydronephrosis and pregnancy: study with Doppler echography. Hidronefrosis y embarazo: estudio mediante ecografia Doppler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ripolles Gonzalez, T.R.; Ambit Capdevilla, S.; Sanguesa Nebot, C.; Lazaro, S. de; Garcia Vila, J.H.; Belloch Ugarte, V.

    1993-01-01

    An 18-month study was performed to establish the normal intrarenal resistance index during pregnancy, in order to determine whether it differed significantly depending on the week of gestation or the degree of hydronephrosis. For this purpose , the flow velocity waves obtained in right kidney were analyzed in a group of 112 patients on the basis of 209 explorations. The kidneys were classified as grade 0,I,II, or III according to the degree of hydronephrosis. Doppler signal sampling was carried out at the level of the corticomedullary junction. From the results of the study it can be deduced that the index of intrarenal resistance during pregnancy is similar to that of the general population, that there are no significant differences among the groups with different degree of hydronephrosis and that the index does not vary according to the different weeks of gestation. These findings suggest that, during pregnancy, a pathological resistance index in a kidney should not be attributed to the physiological changes associated with normal gestation. (Author) 21 refs.

  3. Diagnose of the prostate cancer: Utility of the antigen specifies of prostate, transrectal echography and aspired by fine needle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Nubbila, Eduardo; Rosillo, Marco; Fals, Orlando

    1993-01-01

    We describe three improved methods of detecting prostate cancer while it is still confined to the gland: Prostrate specific antigen (PSA), trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) and trans-rectal ultrasound-directed prostatic fine needle aspirate (TRFNA). Of a total of 60 studied cases, 23 cytological procedures were done, and half of these were found to have prostate cancer. We compare traditional methods like digital rectal examination and prostatic phosphatase acid with PSA and TRFNA. We conclude that these methods increase the sensibility and specificity of early prostate cancer detection

  4. Alteraciones ecográficas genitourinarias en el pseudoxantoma elástico Genitourinary echography alterations in the pseudoxanthoma elasticum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Severino Hernández Hernández

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un paciente del sexo masculino, negro, de 13 años de edad, con diagnóstico de pseudoxantoma elástico. En el estudio ultrasonográfico renal y testicular se observaron imágenes ecorrefringentes en los riñones y testículos, que no emiten sombra acústica ni demuestran alteraciones de la función renal o del sedimento urinario. No se recogieron antecedentes familiares de lesiones cutáneas que hagan recordar la enfermedad. Estos hallazgos, tanto los renales como los testiculares, se han documentado en la literatura médica, por lo que estimamos que su divulgación es interesante, pues se ha planteado que forman parte del fenotipo de la enfermedad.This is the case of a black male sex patient aged 13 diagnosed with elastic. Renal and testicular ultrasonographic study showed echo-refractive images in testes and kidneys without neither acoustic shadow nor alterations of renal function or of the urinary sediment. There was not a family history of cutaneous lesions related with this entity. These renal and testicular findings have been documented in the medical literature, thus, authors recommended that its popularization is interesting since it has been proposed that they are part of the disease phenotype.

  5. Cranial MRI findings in pediatric patients with bilateral spastic paralysis. Comparison with neonatal cranial echography and correlation with neurological sequelae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamashita, Yushiro; Horikawa, Mizuho; Matsuishi, Toyojiro; Utsunomiya, Hidetsuna; Okudera, Toshio; Fukuda, Seiichi; Hashimoto, Takeo; Nakamura, Yasuhiro.

    1994-01-01

    Fourteen patients with bilateral spastic paralysis (an average age of 2 years and 5 months) were examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Common MRI findings were an enlarged cerebral ventricle, irregular wall, abnormal signal area in the vicinity of the cerebral ventricle, decrease in the content of white matter, and thickening of the callosum. These findings seemed to reflect pathological lesions in periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Of 3 patients who had been diagnosed as having cystic PVL on neonatal ultrasonography, 2 had cystic lesions in the corresponding areas on MRI. In the other patient with cystic PVL, membrane-like wall between the cyst and the enlarged cerebral ventricle was different from that seen definitely in porencephalie on spin density images. In patients in whom PVL was missed on neonatal ultrasonography, MRI demonstrated PVL. There was correlation between MRI findings and neurological sequelae: the severity of exercise function tended to correlate with the degree of decreased white matter; however, there was no correlation between spread of abnormal signal areas and the severity of exercise function. (N.K.)

  6. Cranial MRI findings in pediatric patients with bilateral spastic paralysis. Comparison with neonatal cranial echography and correlation with neurological sequelae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, Yushiro; Horikawa, Mizuho; Matsuishi, Toyojiro (Kurume Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). School of Medicine); Utsunomiya, Hidetsuna; Okudera, Toshio; Fukuda, Seiichi; Hashimoto, Takeo; Nakamura, Yasuhiro

    1994-08-01

    Fourteen patients with bilateral spastic paralysis (an average age of 2 years and 5 months) were examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Common MRI findings were an enlarged cerebral ventricle, irregular wall, abnormal signal area in the vicinity of the cerebral ventricle, decrease in the content of white matter, and thickening of the callosum. These findings seemed to reflect pathological lesions in periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Of 3 patients who had been diagnosed as having cystic PVL on neonatal ultrasonography, 2 had cystic lesions in the corresponding areas on MRI. In the other patient with cystic PVL, membrane-like wall between the cyst and the enlarged cerebral ventricle was different from that seen definitely in porencephalie on spin density images. In patients in whom PVL was missed on neonatal ultrasonography, MRI demonstrated PVL. There was correlation between MRI findings and neurological sequelae: the severity of exercise function tended to correlate with the degree of decreased white matter; however, there was no correlation between spread of abnormal signal areas and the severity of exercise function. (N.K.).

  7. Doppler echography and utilization of intravenous echo enhancer in the follow-up of hepato carcinoma with percutaneous radiological techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forner, J.; Flored de la Torre, M.; Senis, C.; Lozano de Arnilla, M. C.; Ferrer, S.; Celma, M. I.

    2002-01-01

    To evaluate the utilization of Doppler ultrasound scan in conjunction with echographic enhancer in the follow-up of hepato carcinomas treated by means of radiological intervention techniques. We treated 20 hepatic nodules diagnosed with hepato carcinoma either by means of chemo embolization or percutaneously (either injection of acetic acid or radio-frequency thermo-ablation). Doppler ultrasound scan was performed before and after the treatment by means of sectorial and convex multifrequency probes. Evaluated were the absence, presence and degree of vascularisation, as well as its distribution and characteristics. In all cases, a contrast-en-handed spiral CT was performed. Both studies served as a pattern for comparison before and after treatment. In post-treatment enhanced-echo-Doppler controls of the 18 patients treated with acetic acid, vascularisation was not demonstrated in 7 cases, peripheral vascularisation was detected in 4 cases, perforation vascularisation in another four, and central vascularisation was detected in 3 cases. Contrast-enhanced spiral CT demonstrated superimposed findings, except in one cases, in which the spiral CT detected central capitation of the nodule.With enhanced echo-Doppler, peripheral vascularisation was detected. In both nodules treated by means of radio-frequency thermo ablation, there was detected neither vascularisation in the echo-Doppler nor captation of contrast media in the CT. Doppler ultrasound scan is a good method of follow-up for treated hepato carcinomas. The utilization of echoenhancers increases its ability to detect vascularization it being comparable to that of contrast-enhanced CT. As such, Doppler ultrasound scan together with echoenhancers can help us both in the selection of treatment and evaluation of therapeutic response. (Author) 35 refs

  8. Implementing the INTERGROWTH-21st fetal growth standards in France: a 'flash study' of the College Français d'Echographie Foetale (CFEF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stirnemann, J J; Fries, N; Bessis, R; Fontanges, M; Mangione, R; Salomon, L J

    2017-04-01

    To assess potential differences in fetal size between the French population and the international population from the INTERGROWTH-21 st (IG-21 st ) Project and to measure the impact of switching to the IG-21 st reference standards for fetal size. This was a nationwide cross-sectional study of fetal ultrasound biometry. Low-risk singleton pregnancies were recruited prospectively within the network of the national French College of Fetal Ultrasound, CFEF, over a 6-week period. Further selection was performed based on the criteria of the IG-21 st Project in order to obtain a comparable population. Head circumference (HC) was used as the main fat-free skeletal measure of growth for comparison of French fetal size with that of the IG-21 st population. The impact of switching to the IG-21 st fetal growth standards was quantified by comparing Z-scores calculated using the IG-21 st standards with those calculated using locally derived reference ranges for HC, abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL). Following selection, 4858 cases were analyzed. The distribution of HC demonstrated clear similarity between our French population and the IG-21 st population: our observed centile curves closely matched those of IG-21 st and the Z-scores were close to 0 across gestational age. The IG-21 st standards performed as well as did locally derived charts in terms of screening for small-for-gestational age by AC, while they identified significantly fewer small FL values than were expected and than did the locally derived charts. Under strict selection criteria, fetal size in France is similar to that of the international population used in the IG-21 st Project. The discrepancies in FL are unlikely to impact on prenatal management. Therefore, switching from locally derived reference ranges to the IG-21 st standards appears to be a safe option. Copyright © 2016 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Copyright © 2016 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Ischemic Left Ventricular Perforation Covered by a Thrombus in a Patient Presenting with Cerebral Ischemia: Importance of Time-Sensitive Performance and Adequate Interpretation of Bedside Transthoracic Echography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. J. Fischer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available If myocardial infarction remains silent, only clinical signs of complications may unveil its presence. Life-threatening complications include myocardial rupture, thrombus formation, or arterial embolization. In the presented case, a 76-year-old patient was admitted with left-sided hemiparesis. In duplex sonography, a critical stenosis of the right internal carotid artery was identified and initially but retrospectively incorrectly judged as the potential cause for ischemia. During operative thromboendarterectomy, arterial embolism of the right leg occurred coincidentally, more likely pointing towards a cardioembolic origin. Percutaneous interventions remained unsuccessful and local fibrinolysis was applied. Delayed bedside echocardiography by an experienced cardiologist demonstrated a discontinuity of the normal myocardial texture of the left ventricular apex together with an echodense, partly floating structure merely attached by a thin bridge not completely sealing the myocardial defect, accompanied by pericardial effusion. The patient was immediately transferred to emergency cardiac surgery with extirpation of the thrombus, aortocoronary bypass graft placement, and aneurysmectomy. This didactic case reveals decisive structural shortcomings in patient’s admission and triage processes and underlines, if performed timely and correctly, the value of transthoracic echocardiography as a noninvasive and cost-effective tool allowing immediate decision-making, which, in this case, led to the correct but almost fatally delayed diagnosis.

  10. Ischemic Left Ventricular Perforation Covered by a Thrombus in a Patient Presenting with Cerebral Ischemia: Importance of Time-Sensitive Performance and Adequate Interpretation of Bedside Transthoracic Echography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, A J; Lebiedz, P; Wiaderek, M; Lichtenberg, M; Böse, D; Martens, S; Breuckmann, F

    2016-01-01

    If myocardial infarction remains silent, only clinical signs of complications may unveil its presence. Life-threatening complications include myocardial rupture, thrombus formation, or arterial embolization. In the presented case, a 76-year-old patient was admitted with left-sided hemiparesis. In duplex sonography, a critical stenosis of the right internal carotid artery was identified and initially but retrospectively incorrectly judged as the potential cause for ischemia. During operative thromboendarterectomy, arterial embolism of the right leg occurred coincidentally, more likely pointing towards a cardioembolic origin. Percutaneous interventions remained unsuccessful and local fibrinolysis was applied. Delayed bedside echocardiography by an experienced cardiologist demonstrated a discontinuity of the normal myocardial texture of the left ventricular apex together with an echodense, partly floating structure merely attached by a thin bridge not completely sealing the myocardial defect, accompanied by pericardial effusion. The patient was immediately transferred to emergency cardiac surgery with extirpation of the thrombus, aortocoronary bypass graft placement, and aneurysmectomy. This didactic case reveals decisive structural shortcomings in patient's admission and triage processes and underlines, if performed timely and correctly, the value of transthoracic echocardiography as a noninvasive and cost-effective tool allowing immediate decision-making, which, in this case, led to the correct but almost fatally delayed diagnosis.

  11. Echography of the Cervix and Uterus during the Proliferative and Secretory Phases of the Menstrual Cycle in Bonnet Monkeys (Macaca radiata)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhari, Uddhav K; Metkari, Siddnath M; Manjaramkar, Dhyananjay D; Sachdeva, Geetanjali; Katkam, Rajendra; Bandivdekar, Atmaram H; Mahajan, Abhishek; Thakur, Meenakshi H; Kholkute, Sanjiv D

    2014-01-01

    We undertook the present study to investigate the echographic characteristics of the uterus and cervix of female bonnet monkeys (Macaca radiata) during the proliferative and secretory phases of the menstrual cycle. The cervix was tortuous in shape and measured 2.74 ± 0.30 cm (mean ± SD) in width by 3.10 ± 0.32 cm in length. The cervical lumen contained 2 or 3 colliculi, which projected from the cervical canal. The echogenicity of cervix varied during proliferative and secretory phases. The uterus was pyriform in shape (2.46 ± 0.28 cm × 1.45 ± 0.19 cm) and consisted of serosa, myometrium, and endometrium. The endometrium generated a triple-line pattern; the outer and central lines were hyperechogenic, whereas the inner line was hypoechogenic. The endometrium was significantly thicker during the secretory phase (0.69 ± 0.12 cm) than during the proliferative phase (0.43 ± 0.15 cm). Knowledge of the echogenic changes in the female reproductive organs of bonnet monkeys during a regular menstrual cycle may facilitate understanding of other physiologic and pathophysiologic changes. PMID:24411775

  12. Diagnose of the prostate cancer: Utility of the antigen specifies of prostate, transrectal echography and aspired by fine needle; Diagnostico del cancer de prostata: utilidad del antigeno especifico de prostata, ecografia transrectal y aspirado por aguja fina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Nubbila, Eduardo; Rosillo, Marco; Fals, Orlando

    1993-04-01

    We describe three improved methods of detecting prostate cancer while it is still confined to the gland: Prostrate specific antigen (PSA), trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) and trans-rectal ultrasound-directed prostatic fine needle aspirate (TRFNA). Of a total of 60 studied cases, 23 cytological procedures were done, and half of these were found to have prostate cancer. We compare traditional methods like digital rectal examination and prostatic phosphatase acid with PSA and TRFNA. We conclude that these methods increase the sensibility and specificity of early prostate cancer detection.

  13. Doppler echography and utilization of intravenous echo enhancer in the follow-up of hepato carcinoma with percutaneous radiological techniques; Ecografia Doppler y empleo del ecopotenciador intravenoso en el seguimiento del hepatocarcinoma con tecnicas radiologicas percutaneas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forner, J; Flored de la Torre, M.; Senis, C; Lozano de Arnilla, M C; Ferrer, S; Celma, M I [Hospital General Universitario de Valencia. Valencia (Spain)

    2002-07-01

    To evaluate the utilization of Doppler ultrasound scan in conjunction with echographic enhancer in the follow-up of hepato carcinomas treated by means of radiological intervention techniques. We treated 20 hepatic nodules diagnosed with hepato carcinoma either by means of chemo embolization or percutaneously (either injection of acetic acid or radio-frequency thermo-ablation). Doppler ultrasound scan was performed before and after the treatment by means of sectorial and convex multifrequency probes. Evaluated were the absence, presence and degree of vascularisation, as well as its distribution and characteristics. In all cases, a contrast-en-handed spiral CT was performed. Both studies served as a pattern for comparison before and after treatment. In post-treatment enhanced-echo-Doppler controls of the 18 patients treated with acetic acid, vascularisation was not demonstrated in 7 cases, peripheral vascularisation was detected in 4 cases, perforation vascularisation in another four, and central vascularisation was detected in 3 cases. Contrast-enhanced spiral CT demonstrated superimposed findings, except in one cases, in which the spiral CT detected central capitation of the nodule.With enhanced echo-Doppler, peripheral vascularisation was detected. In both nodules treated by means of radio-frequency thermo ablation, there was detected neither vascularisation in the echo-Doppler nor captation of contrast media in the CT. Doppler ultrasound scan is a good method of follow-up for treated hepato carcinomas. The utilization of echoenhancers increases its ability to detect vascularization it being comparable to that of contrast-enhanced CT. As such, Doppler ultrasound scan together with echoenhancers can help us both in the selection of treatment and evaluation of therapeutic response. (Author) 35 refs.

  14. Contrast ultrasound using SonoVue for pelvic radiation with concurrent chemotherapy monitoring in stage I B-II cervical cancer; Apport de l'echographie Doppler avec injection de contraste pour la prise en charge des cancers du col de l'uterus de stades IB et II par chimioradiotherapie concomitante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marret, H. [Hopital Bretonneau, Service de Gynecologie, 37 - Tours (France); Barillot, I. [Hopital Bretonneau, Service de Radiotherapie, 37 - Tours (France); Rolland, Y. [CRLCC Eugene-Marquis, 35 - Rennes (France); Leveque, J. [Hopital Anne-de-Bretagne, 35 - Rennes (France)

    2009-10-15

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether angiogenic parameters as assessed by trans vaginal color Doppler ultrasound and by enhanced cervix ultrasound may predict prognostic factors of stage I B greater than 4 cm and II cervical cancer treated by radio chemotherapy. A total of 40 patients with histologically proven advanced stage invasive cervical cancer will be evaluated by color Doppler, contrast ultrasound, and MRI before radiotherapy, after the second chemotherapy cycle and prior to surgery. Subjective assessment of the amount of vessels within the tumor (scanty-moderate or abundant) and resistance index (R.I.) will be recorded for Doppler, enhancement and washout period will be studied after injection of SonoVue for contrast ultrasound. All patients will have radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. Comparison with MRI results will be done. The main parameter studied will be persistence of tumor cells in the analysis of the radical hysterectomy. We expected to correlate contrast parameters with persistent disease in order to confirm ultrasound parameters that will be useful to monitor radio chemotherapy and to predict therapeutic answer of such treatment. (authors)

  15. Confined prostate cancer treated by conformational irradiation with intensity modulation with or without echography repositioning: is the dose received equivalent to the prescribed dose?; Cancer prostatique localise traite par irradiation conformationnelle avec modulation d'intensite avec ou sans repositionnement echographique: la dose recue est-elle equivalente a la dose prescrite?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnaud, A.; Peignaux, K.; Brenier, J.P.; Truc, G.; Naudy, S.; Maingon, P.; Crehange, G. [Centre Georges-Francois Leclerc, Dept. de Radiotherapie, 21 - Dijon (France); Regis, A. [CHU le Bocage, Service de Radiodiagnostic, 21 - Dijon (France); Deville, C.; Bonnetain, F. [Centre Georges-Francois Leclerc, Dept. de Biostatique, 21 - Dijon (France)

    2006-11-15

    The results suggest it would be possible to dispense a homogenous dose in agreement with the ICRU recommendations, nearer than the forward looking dose when the daily echographic repositioning is applied. This repositioning does not influence significantly the dosimetry for the risk organs. These results will validated in a bigger population. (N.C.)

  16. Early echographic findings in non-hemorrhagic periventricular leukomalacia of the premature infant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delaporte, B.; Dehan, M.; Labrune, M.; Imbert, M.C.

    1985-01-01

    The ultrasonic detection of periventricular leukomalacia is described in two neonatal patients. Confirmation of this condition by CT and post mortem was obtained in one case. CT scan and further echography was positive in the other. Neither patient had evidence of an intracranial hemorrhage. It is suggested that echography is of value in the early diagnosis of this lesion which may be similar to intraparenchymal hemorrhage in its mechanism and prognosis. (orig.)

  17. [Spleen autotransplant. Natural history and description of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceccherini, E; Sereni, P; Ferrari, F; Fagioli Zucchi, A; Croce, F; Di Maggio, G; Vattimo, A; Mancini, S

    1989-09-30

    After considering the natural history of spleen auto-transplant, a clinical case followed up for seven months with instrumental (echography, scintigraphy) and humoral (Jolly bodies, Heinz bodies, reticulocytes, platelets, complement, immune globulin) examinations has been considered so as to verify "take" and function. One months after reimplantation the patient was again operated on for the onset of an intestinal occlusion due to adherences. On that occasion it was possible to control that the implant had taken. It is concluded that personally used parameters proved to be well correlated and that scintigraphy and echography are two complementary, effective techniques for monitoring auto-transplants.

  18. Contribution of the PET-CT with {sup 18}F.D.G. in the non metastatic thyroid cancers with suspicion of residual or recurrent disease; Apport de la TEP-TDM au {sup 18}FDG dans les cancers de la thyroide non metastatiques avec suspicion de maladie residuelle ou recidivante

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghander, C.; Taieb, D.; Tessonnier, L.; Mundler, O. [CHU Timone, Service central de biophysique et de medecine nucleaire, 13 - Marseille (France); Sebag, F.; Henry, J.F. [CHU Timone, service central de chirurgie generale et endocrinienne, 13 - Marseille (France); De Micco, C. [Inserm U555, service d' anatomopathologie, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: Recurrent thyroid carcinomas usually involve the cervical lymph nodes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of {sup 18}F-F.D.G. PET in the investigation of thyroid cancer compared with non-metastatic cervical echography. Conclusions: Due to the low overall sensitivity of PET / CT in thyroid carcinoma, its use should be reserved for cases of aggressive carcinoma and when the residual thyroglobulin under stimulation is high. In these cases it is a complementary information with neck echography. (N.C.)

  19. Duodenal leiomyoma. A case report. Leiomyome duodenal. Apports de l'imagerie a propos d'un cas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benziane, K.; Ballorain, X.; Kalfon, M. (Hopital Camille Guerin, 86 -Chatellerault (France)); Vandermarcq, P. (Hopital Jean-Bernard, 86 - Poitiers (France))

    1994-05-01

    A leiomyoma of the duodenum was revealed by chronic anaemia. Radiography, echography and computed tomography provided images leading to the diagnosis of a 11 cm regular, homogenous sub-serous tumour of the duodenum without loco-regional or distant extension. The radiographic images suggested a benign tumour confirmed by the pathology examination. (authors). 22 refs.

  20. Echographic handling of the acute appendicitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neira de Ortiz, Clara Lucia; Vela H, Gregorio

    1993-01-01

    This study made an evaluation of the echography as a diagnostic method of the acute appendicitis in 22 paediatric patients with clinical suspicion of acute appendicitis. It was found a sensibility of 95% and a specificity of 90% for this diagnosis

  1. Detection and surveillance of rejection reactions after heart transplant by means of a sequence of MRI of 'black blood' type

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, N.; Escanye, J.M.; Marwan, N.S.; Marie, P.Y.; Perlot, P.; Angioi, M.; Walker, P.; Quiri, N.; Arsena, T.; Hassan, N.; Villemot, J.P.; Mattei, S.; Karcher, G.; Bertrand, A.

    1997-01-01

    A echocardiography and a MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) investigation were achieved at 3 months to 7 years after heart transplant in 61 patients among whose 35 were suspected of rejection and 32 have had a myocardial biopsy. The myocardial (T 2 ) transversal relaxation time was determined by using an inversion-recovery/spin-echo upon a magnet of 0.5 T. The rejection diagnosis criteria by echography was compared with that of a anomalistic high value of T 2 : 1. the MRI was positive but the echography not in 5 cases, all having positive biopsies; 2. the echography was positive but the MRI was not in 10 cases among which all the biopsies were negative; 3. the MRI and the echography gave concordant results in 46 cases (7 positives and 39 negatives) among which an agreement with the biopsy results was observed in 91% (20/22) of cases. The 12 patients having a positive MRI have had a new examination at 2 to 15 days after the anti-rejection treatment; the T 2 values got normalized. In conclusion, the determination of the myocardial T 2 by means of a 'black blood' MRI sequence appears to be superior to an echocardiography in detecting the rejections after heart transplant and could be utilised to evaluate the efficiency of anti-rejection treatment

  2. Diagnostic Indication for Venous Echo-Doppler of the Lower Limbs in the Diagnosis of Thromboembolic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bolado, A. G.; Barcena, M. V.; Cura, J. L. del; Gorrno, O.; Grande, D.

    2003-01-01

    To study the effectiveness of Doppler echography in the deep venous system of the lower limbs for deep venous thrombosis detection in patients suspected of having pulmonary thromboembolism. There were received 341 consecutive suspected pulmonary thromboembolism patients, all of whom were emergency room attended. All were submitted to CT pulmonary angiography in order to evaluate thrombus presence in the pulmonary tree. Without knowing the results of the previous exploration, we studied 301 of the patients using Doppler echography in deep venous system of the lower limbs in order to evaluate thrombus presence. In the group of CT-detected pulmonary thromboembolism patients, the percentage of Doppler echography-detected deep venous thrombosis was 46.3%, while in the group of non-detected patients this percentage decreased to 4.7%. Additional deep venous system exploration in clinically suspected pulmonary thiolcarbamate patients is useful, since it can increase the detection rate of venous thromboembolic disease, thereby leading to early treatment and prevention of the disease's manifestation in the lungs. Realization of Doppler echography is especially beneficial in those patients who exhibit no factors which predispose them to thromboembolic disease, as well as in patients who have previously had venous thrombosis. This exploration account for 4.7% of non-detected pulmonary embolism patients being added to the ranks of those with thromboembolic disease, an important percentage when taking into consideration the high pulmonary thromboembolism morbimortality rate. (Author) 30 refs

  3. Diagnostic Indication for Venous Echo-Doppler of the Lower Limbs in the Diagnosis of Thromboembolic; Indicacion de eco-Doppler venosa de extremidades inferiores en el diagnostico de la enfermedad tromboembolica ante una sospecha de tromboembolismo pulmonar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bolado, A. G.; Barcena, M. V.; Cura, J. L. del; Gorrno, O.; Grande, D. [Hospital de Basurto. Bilbao (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    To study the effectiveness of Doppler echography in the deep venous system of the lower limbs for deep venous thrombosis detection in patients suspected of having pulmonary thromboembolism. There were received 341 consecutive suspected pulmonary thromboembolism patients, all of whom were emergency room attended. All were submitted to CT pulmonary angiography in order to evaluate thrombus presence in the pulmonary tree. Without knowing the results of the previous exploration, we studied 301 of the patients using Doppler echography in deep venous system of the lower limbs in order to evaluate thrombus presence. In the group of CT-detected pulmonary thromboembolism patients, the percentage of Doppler echography-detected deep venous thrombosis was 46.3%, while in the group of non-detected patients this percentage decreased to 4.7%. Additional deep venous system exploration in clinically suspected pulmonary thiolcarbamate patients is useful, since it can increase the detection rate of venous thromboembolic disease, thereby leading to early treatment and prevention of the disease's manifestation in the lungs. Realization of Doppler echography is especially beneficial in those patients who exhibit no factors which predispose them to thromboembolic disease, as well as in patients who have previously had venous thrombosis. This exploration account for 4.7% of non-detected pulmonary embolism patients being added to the ranks of those with thromboembolic disease, an important percentage when taking into consideration the high pulmonary thromboembolism morbimortality rate. (Author) 30 refs.

  4. Information Warfare: Legal, Regulatory, Policy and Organizational Considerations for Assurance. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-07-04

    exceed their authorized access and cause damage. Previous statute excluded insiders. Legislators feared that it might be used against whistle -blowers...displays x Ultrasound visualization (augmented-reality echography display) x x Electronic support measurement bistatic sensor technology x Acoustic...disclosure or whistle blowing. Computer Matching and Privacy Act of 1988. KEY WORDS: Privacy, computer matching, Federal government ABSTRACT: Protects

  5. CBO-richtlijn 'Diepveneuze trombose en longembolie'; herziening van eerdere richtlijnen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Büller, H. R.; van der Meer, J.; Oudkerk, M.

    2000-01-01

    Diagnosis of clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis is based on a clinical score, serial compression ultrasonography and D-dimer assay. For the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism perfusion scintigraphy, ventilation scintigraphy, echography of the leg veins and pulmonary angiography in that order

  6. Gallium/sup 67/ scintigraphy in fibrinous pericarditis associated with bacterial endocarditis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, P; Verhas, M; Devriendt, J; Goffin, Y

    1982-04-01

    An 80-year-old man presented with pyrexia, progressive cardiac failure and inflammation. A diagnosis of pericarditis associated with bacterial endocarditis was suggested from Gallium 67 scintigraphy and confirmed at autopsy. This case of fibrinous pericarditis without effusion could not be diagnosed by echography or routine cardiopulmonary scintigraphy.

  7. Gallium67 scintigraphy in fibrinous pericarditis associated with bacterial endocarditis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, P.; Verhas, M.; Devriendt, J.; Goffin, Y.

    1982-01-01

    An 80-year-old man presented with pyrexia, progressive cardiac failure and inflammation. A diagnosis of pericarditisd associated with bacterial endocarditis was suggested from Gallium 67 scintigraphy and confirmed at autpsy. This case of fibrinous pericarditis without effusion could not be diagnosed by echography or routine cardiopulmonary scintigraphy. (orig.)

  8. An evaluation of the ECG gated cardiac CT on old myocardial infarction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanegashima, Kazuhiro; Tejima, Yasuaki; Nakasone, Noriyo; Hyodo, Haruo

    1984-01-01

    In order to examine the accuracy of ECG gated cardiac CT (G-CCT), G-CCT findings were compared with ECG and cardiac echographic findings in 25 cases of old myocardial infarction. From the detection rate according to the infarct area, abnormal findings in the anterior wall and the septum obtained from G-CCT were in good accordance with those from ECG. Although all of the G-CCT findings did not agree with those of cardiac echography in cases in which abnormal findings were seen in multiple areas, the detection rate of cardiac abnormal findings as a whole by G-CCT was the same as that by cardiac echography. (Namekawa K.)

  9. Performances of scintigraphy in the primitive hyperparathyroidism and the associated thyroid pathologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monteil, J.; Mathonnet, M.; Chianea, T.; Cubertafond, P.; Piquet, L.; Rince, C.; Bournaud, E.; Verbeke, S.; Perdrisot, R.; Vandroux, J.C.

    1997-01-01

    The data from scintigraphic and echographic exploration were compared to the surgery results in 32 patients (29 F and 3 M) presenting a primitive hyperparathyroidism, biologically proved, associated to a thyroid pathology. The scintigraphies were achieved with a collimator placed anteriorly and oblique-anteriorly, 4 h after injection by iodine 123 (7 MBq) and 30 min and 2 h after injection of 99m Tc-MIBI (555 MBq). The cervical echography and scintigraphy are independently interpreted. The results are given in a table containing the sensitivity, specificity, V.P.P. and V.P.N. for scintigraphy and echography, respectively. The association of a primary hyperparathyroidism and of a thyroid pathology (with a prevalence of 70% in our region) appears to affect less the performances of scintigraphy imaging than those of morphologic imaging

  10. Limitations of CT and ultrasound diagnoses in the evaluation of uterine cancer involvement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sato, Yasumi; Maki, Masahiro; Seki, Haruo; Saito, Yoshiharu.

    1988-01-01

    The concordance rates between preoperative diagnostic imagings and postoperative pathologic findings were examined in a total of 36 patients with resectable uterine cancer (19 with cervical cancer and 27 with endometrial cancer). The accuracy of CT was 47 % in the evaluation of cervical cancer involvement to the parametrium; and was 83 % in the evaluation of wall involvement of endometrial cancer. The concordance rate was 74 % in the evaluation of stage-grouping in endometrial cancer. Out of 8 patients with resectable stage II cervical cancer, four (50 %) were found to have had involvement to the parametrium by transrectal echography. The results indicate that CT scanning and transrectal echography have limitations in the diagnosis of cervical cancer involvement to the parametrium. (Namekawa, K.)

  11. Interface areas complexity characterization of echographic images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capri, Arnaud [LVR, Orleans University, IUT de Bourges, 63 avenue de Lattre de Tassigny, 18020 Bourges (France); SINTERS GROUP SAS, 5 rue Paul Mesple, BP 1311, 31106 ToulouseCedex 01 (France)]. E-mail: Arnaud.Capri@bourges.univ-orleans.fr; Vincent, Nicole [CRIP5-SIP, Rene Descartes University-Paris 5, 45 rue des Saints-Peres, 75270 Paris Cedex 06 (France); Vieyres, Pierre [LVR, Orleans University, IUT de Bourges, 63 avenue de Lattre de Tassigny, 18020 Bourges (France); Poisson, Gerard [LVR, Orleans University, IUT de Bourges, 63 avenue de Lattre de Tassigny, 18020 Bourges (France); Makris, Pascal [LI, University Francois Rabelais of Tours, 64 avenue Jean Portalis, 37200 Tours (France)

    2006-12-20

    The telemedicine concept integrates images, video acquisition and video transfer which are usually managed by using a standard videoconference system. Very often, the initial blur of echography pictures makes it difficult to use standard segmentation techniques such as snakes or Sobel filters which aid the doctor in making his decision. In medical echography practice, contour properties of an organ are often more relevant to decipher the presence of pathologies than the exact lineout of the contour itself. The processing, via the fuzzy approach, enables us to subdivide an image in different classes: one gathering the homogeneous zones (pixels belonging to a medium) and the other gathering more heterogeneous zones (e.g. transition between two media). Complexity measurement of each region can be approximated by the calculation of a fractal dimension. Thus, we can obtain interface complexity without having to extract the interfaces themselves. Finally, the link between fractal dimension and fuzzy rate is carried out.

  12. Interface areas complexity characterization of echographic images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Capri, Arnaud; Vincent, Nicole; Vieyres, Pierre; Poisson, Gerard; Makris, Pascal

    2006-01-01

    The telemedicine concept integrates images, video acquisition and video transfer which are usually managed by using a standard videoconference system. Very often, the initial blur of echography pictures makes it difficult to use standard segmentation techniques such as snakes or Sobel filters which aid the doctor in making his decision. In medical echography practice, contour properties of an organ are often more relevant to decipher the presence of pathologies than the exact lineout of the contour itself. The processing, via the fuzzy approach, enables us to subdivide an image in different classes: one gathering the homogeneous zones (pixels belonging to a medium) and the other gathering more heterogeneous zones (e.g. transition between two media). Complexity measurement of each region can be approximated by the calculation of a fractal dimension. Thus, we can obtain interface complexity without having to extract the interfaces themselves. Finally, the link between fractal dimension and fuzzy rate is carried out

  13. Technical guide to evaluate upper limb joints (shoulder, elbow and wrist) by ultrasound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Obregon Baez, Luis Rafael

    2014-01-01

    A guideline to follow is offered to radiologists and residents of radiology service of medical imaging, when evaluating by ultrasound the shoulder joints, elbow, wrist. The importance to performing of musculoskeletal ultrasound by its pathology variable is established. The use of appropriate equipment and effective application of the techniques exposed of echography exploration have made enable the valuation of many pathologies with high sensitivity and specificity. The echography has been the musculoskeletal imaging technique that more rapidly has evolved. Currently, this technique has been replaced by magnetic resonance imaging in various clinical fields and also serves as a complement to other techniques. Exposed techniques have been of great benefit for radiologists medical and residents, obtaining with its use a quick guide for the realization of upper limb musculoskeletal ultrasounds. The appropriate and easy techniques are better known for the evaluation of these structures, and so document both sports injuries, as joint and rheumatic diseases [es

  14. CT and ultrasound in the abdomen and in the retroperitoneal space: Competition or combination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaick, G. van; Redlich, H.; Lorenz, D.; Kilian, J.

    1979-01-01

    Computerized tomography and sonography are competitive methods only in the intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal space. CT offers a complete cross section of the body whereas sonography is often handicapped by 'shadows' caused by gas and bone. Using contrast media, a more specific orientation is possible in CT. On the other hand, sonography provides better differentiation between solid and fluid, and longitudinal sections are easily available. The diagnostic value of both methods and the advantage of their combination are discussed, based on the experience of 120 combined examination in patients whose illnesses were later established definitely. Computer tomography provides better diagnostic results than echography; the differences, however, are not so great for this to mean a substantial loss of importance for echographic diagnostics. In principle, echography should preceded computerized tomography to save time for CT scanning as well as to reduce the patient's dose. (orig.) 891 MG/orig. 892 MB [de

  15. Sexual and psychological aspects of health status of men who participated in the Chernobyl accident aftermath

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leshchinskij, Valerij; Kirkeh, Luchiya; Andronik, Zinaida; Toma, Victoriya; Postovan, Alla

    2011-01-01

    The paper deals with results of a ten years medical follow-up of 188 men aged 21 to 55 years who participated in liquidation of Chernobyl accident consequences. Survey of patients included physical examination, echography of urogenital organs, semen and prostatic secretions analysis, bacterial inoculation of prostate secretion, hormone studies, sexological questionnaire. Sexual dysfunctions were diagnosed in 38 % of men. It was found that sexual dysfunction occur against the background of neurotic disorders that accompany vegetative dysfunctions.

  16. Compined preoperative diagnosis of stomach cancer involvement of the abdominal and retroperitoneal organs and tissues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fisher, M.E.; Gabuniya, R.I.; Kolesnikova, E.K.; Bal'ter, S.A.; Ostrovtsev, I.V.; Dolgushin, B.I.; Mazurov, S.T.; Mironova, G.T.

    1987-01-01

    An analysis of 136 cases of stomach cancer led to the determination of the role and place of gammatopography, echography, computerized X-ray tomography, angiography and laparoscopy in specified preoperative diagnosis of extraorganic spreading of primary tumors. The informative value and shortcomings of certain methods were shown. A high accuracy of the entire set of diagnostic procedures (94.8%) in the preoperative definition of stomach cancer involvement of the abdominal and retroperitoneal organs and tissues was emphasized

  17. An orbital masquerade syndrome: a case report | Omoti | West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ce rapport présent le cas d'une femme âgée de 20 ans qui s'est présentée avec des symptômes de la panophtalmie du côté droite avec une cellulite orbitaire secondaire qui essaie de se faire passer pour une tumeur orbitaire. Ce phénomène produit une difficulté diagnostique pour plusieurs ophtalmogistes. Echographie ...

  18. Intestinal anisakiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gutierrez, M.; Alvarez, A.; Reimunde, E.; Honrado, E.

    2002-01-01

    Anisakiasis is a parasitic disease acquired by eating raw or poorly cooked fish infested with nematode larvae of the Anisakiadae family. The diagnosis of this parasitic disease is difficult if the epidemiological background is overlooked because the symptoms of presentation are non-specific. Therefore, in patients with a picture of acute abdomen and a recent history of eating raw fish, echography and/or abdominal CT may yield a diagnosis. (Author) 6 refs

  19. Thermography in the diagnosis of retinoblastoma in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bogdasarov, Yu.B.; Lenskaya, O.P.; Belkina, B.M.

    1985-01-01

    The authors presented the results of thermographic examination in combination with echography and computerized tomography were presented in children with suspected retinoblastoma (30 primary examined patients and 30 patients examined to assess therapeutic efficacy). The results of the examination showed the relationship of the hyperthermia zone with tumor stage. All the patients recieved remote gamma-therapy and polychemotherapy. The usefulness of the thermographic method for efficacy assessment was shown

  20. Gallblader cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escalona Veloz, Rafael; Mila Pascual, Milagros de la Caridad

    2011-01-01

    The precise information about a 43 year-old patient, with a history of dyspepsias, in whom a gallbladder polyp was diagnosed by means of echography is presented. She was surgically treated because of it and a cholecystectomy was carried out, with a satisfactory clinical course; but the result of biopsy confirmed the presence of an adenoma in her gallbladder, with malignant transformation.(author)

  1. Comparative analysis of the results of echo- and roentgenography in children with pleuritides and pneumonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zagorodskaya, M.M.; Antonova, R.A.; Kareva, E.A.; Gonchar, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    The methods of echography and roentgenography were used for examination of 170 children (74 with acute pneumonia, 52 with pneumonia and pleuritis and 44 with clinical suspicion of acute pneumonia) in order to study the potentialities of echocardography as a screening method for diagnosis of pneumonia. The results indicated that roentgenography was the chief and more reliable method thatechography, however the latter can substitute for it at some stages of investigation of patients over time decreasing total-body radiation exposure of patients

  2. Number and location of hepatic malignant lesions by computerized tomography-angiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Llauger, J.; Perez, C.; Castaner, E.; Coscojuela, P.; Marcos, J.A.; Pallardo, Y.; Traid, C.; Zidan, A.

    1991-01-01

    In order to perform surgical treatment of tumorous hepatic disease, primary or metastatic, the most accurate knowledge as possible of the number and location of lesions is needed. In that way, results provided by echography and conventional CT are not much precise, showing lasser that 60% of lessions. In this study CT-angiography technique, its indications, results and images obtained by this method are described. (Author)

  3. [Exploring a non-inflammatory clinical breast mass: Clinical practice guidelines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legendre, G; Guilhen, N; Nadeau, C; Brossard, A; Fauvet, R

    2015-12-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic value of physical examination, radiologic explorations and percutaneous procedures of the breast in the exploration of a non-inflammatory palpable mass, in order to propose guidelines. A systematic literature review was conducted in the Medline and Cochrane library databases. International guidelines in French and English language were also consulted until April 30th 2015. Physical examination of a non-inflammatory palpable breast mass is not sufficient to eliminate a breast cancer (LE2). Mammography alone has a sensitivity between 70 and 95% for the diagnosis of breast cancer (LE3). Echography alone has a sensitivity of 98 to 100% for the diagnosis of breast cancer (LE2). The core needle biopsy has a better sensitivity and specificity than the fine-needle aspiration for breast cancer diagnosis (LE2). The association of mammography and 2D echography presents excellent sensitivity and negative predictive value (close to 100 %) to exclude a breast cancer (LE3). A double evaluation using mammography and echography is recommended in the exploration of a non-inflammatory palpable breast mass (grade B). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Importance and significance of liver echotomography in Wilson disease childhood

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corda, R; Nurchi, A M; Corrias, A; Corda, A; Giagheddu, M; Campisi, G

    1987-01-01

    We studed the hepatic echography patterns of young patients suffering from Wilson's Disease and compared these with results obtained from laboratory tests and parenchymal biopsy. Eight children, aged between 5 and 12 years (4 males and 4 females), were examined. The symptomatological pattern showed hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction with undetectable or very low serum ceruloplasmine levels and typical aspects of organic copper metabolism. In 50% of cases echography revealed a variable hyperreflection of the whole parenchyma, in connection with the presence of steatosis and aspects of intralobular inflammation. Fine and linear echoes were present, in 50% of the cases, with varying degrees of brightness, which was associated with the presence of fibrotic component or copper granules. Further echographic modifications were less frequent. Echography in close relatives of our patients was observed hepatomegaly and alteration of hepatic reflection associated with fibrotic component. In the evaluation of liver involvement in Wilson's Disease, these findings show that echotomography, when compared to hepatic biopsy, is less efficient in detecting different types of hepatic lesion but on a clinical basis it offers the possibility of evaluating their presence and gravity during the evolutive phase of the illness. This examination, unlike other methods, is completely non invasive; it may easily be repeated and may, in the future, come to be used as more precise diagnostic complement. 30 refs.

  5. Muscle contracture diagnosis: the role of sonoelastography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschetta, Daniele; Milardi, Demetrio; Trimarchi, Fabio; DI Mauro, Debora; Valenti, Andrea; Arrigo, Alessandro; Valenti, Barbara; Santoro, Giuseppe; Cascio, Filippo; Vaccarino, Gianluigi; Cacciola, Alberto

    2016-12-01

    Sonoelastography plays today a major role in musculoskeletal disease, showing minor muscle injuries not well appreciable in conventional B-mode ultrasonography and integrating it in major muscle injuries diagnosis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of elastosonography in the diagnosis of muscular contracture in football players presenting negative basic echography. We examined twenty-two football players using basic echography and elastosonography approximately 24-48 hours after the traumatic event and we subsequently re-evaluated them after two weeks. Conventional echography showed, in the early stage, no muscle injuries; in twenty-two out of twenty-two patients, sonoelastography had instead underlined a heterogeneous colorimetric map, related to decreased elasticity in the area of the muscle contracture. An evaluation effected 1-2 weeks later showed a clear improvement of the sonoelastographic appearance. This information will be useful for prognostication, post-traumatic monitoring and to detect subclinical changes in MIs even before there are changes on the routine B-mode ultrasound.

  6. Parathyroidectomy in chronic kidney disease patients in Argentina: pre surgical studies, types of surgery, recurrence and persistence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Peñalba

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Parathyroidectomy (PTx is the selecte treatment for patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism, refractory to medical treatment. There is not enough information about this procedure in Argentina, that is the reason why we performed this study. Methods: 255 patients with PTx were included from the year 2003 to 2007 on a voluntary register. Studies of pre-surgical localization, phosphocalcic metabolism laboratories before and after surgery were evaluated, and the type of surgical technique used. The persistence and recurrence of post-surgical hyperparathyroidism was analyzed. Results: The PTx rate was 2,7/1000 patients year. 83% of the patients had neck echography and 59% Sestamibi scans with Tc 99. There was a positive correlation (p<0,001 between the number of detected glands by echography and Sestamibi. The parathyroidectomy performed was: subtotal in 77%, total with self-implant in 14% and total without self-implant in 9%. There were significant falls of Ca and P, Alkaline Phosphatase and PTH (1744±788 pg/ml to 247±450 pg/ml; p<0.0001 post-surgical. 2.4 ±2,5 months after the PTx, 72% of patients had PTH <2 50 pg/ml, 19,8% had persistence and 8,3% had recurrence. According to the type of surgery, the persistence and recurrence were for subtotal PTx 22% and 8,3%, total PTx with implant 11% and 11%, and total PTx without selfimplant 13% and 4% respectively. The performance of the Sestamibi scan did not affect the PTx results. No noticeable differences were observed among the centers for persistence and recurrence. Conclusions: The PTx rate was very low, echography was the preferred method of pre-surgical localization, and subtotal PTx was the most used surgical technique. PTx was successful in most of the patients, and persistence and recurrence were not related to the technique.

  7. Slight Hydronephrosis in Newborns and Breast-fed Infants: Can the Presence of Vesicoureteral Reflux Be Predicted?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berrocal, T.; Pablo, T. de; Gutierrez, J.; Prieto, C.; Hoyo, M. L. del

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the value of slight-to moderate echo graphically detected hydronephrosis in newborns and breast-fed infants that might serve as indicator for Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and to evaluate the necessity of performing micturating cystourethrougraphy (MCUG) in these patients. There were reviewed MCUG of 237 patients (174 boys and 63 girls between the ages of 0 and 18 months) with slight echo graphically detected hydronephrosis in order to evaluate the presence of primary VUR. Patients with secondary reflux or those that presented anomalies which made impossible an exact reflux gradind were excluded. However, normal kidneys with reflux which were contralateral to hydronephrotic kidneys were included in the study. For a statistical analysis of the data, each kidney was considered separately, thereby forming a total of 474 kidneys. Slight hydronephrosis was diagnosed when the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter was observed to measure between 0.5 and 1.5 cm. The International Grading System was used to grade reflux during MCUG. Of the 474 kidneys evaluated, 306 showed slight hydromephrosis in the echography. Only 98 of these presented reflux (32%) (14 grade 1.50 grade II, 32 grade III and 2 grade IV). The echography was normal (i. e. hydronephrosis not present) in 52 kidneys with reflux (31%) which were contralateral to hydronephrotic kidneys, although 38 of these had reflux of grade II or higher. The echography showed slight hydronephrosis in 208 kidneys that did not have reflux during MCUG (68%). There were no significant differences in the incidence of VUR among normal or hydronephrotic kidneys. There is a poor correlation between slight hydronephrosis and presence or grade of reflux in newborns and breast-fed infants. The latter should not, therefore, be considered an indication for MCUC. (Author) 33 refs

  8. Slight Hydronephrosis in Newborns and Breast-fed Infants: Can the Presence of Vesicoureteral Reflux Be Predicted?; Hidronefrosis leve en neonatos y lactantes: puede predecirse la presencia del reflujo vesicoureteral?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berrocal, T.; Pablo, T. de; Gutierrez, J.; Prieto, C.; Hoyo, M. L. del [Hospital Universitario La Paz. Madrid (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the value of slight-to moderate echo graphically detected hydronephrosis in newborns and breast-fed infants that might serve as indicator for Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and to evaluate the necessity of performing micturating cystourethrougraphy (MCUG) in these patients. There were reviewed MCUG of 237 patients (174 boys and 63 girls between the ages of 0 and 18 months) with slight echo graphically detected hydronephrosis in order to evaluate the presence of primary VUR. Patients with secondary reflux or those that presented anomalies which made impossible an exact reflux gradind were excluded. However, normal kidneys with reflux which were contralateral to hydronephrotic kidneys were included in the study. For a statistical analysis of the data, each kidney was considered separately, thereby forming a total of 474 kidneys. Slight hydronephrosis was diagnosed when the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter was observed to measure between 0.5 and 1.5 cm. The International Grading System was used to grade reflux during MCUG. Of the 474 kidneys evaluated, 306 showed slight hydromephrosis in the echography. Only 98 of these presented reflux (32%) (14 grade 1.50 grade II, 32 grade III and 2 grade IV). The echography was normal (i. e. hydronephrosis not present) in 52 kidneys with reflux (31%) which were contralateral to hydronephrotic kidneys, although 38 of these had reflux of grade II or higher. The echography showed slight hydronephrosis in 208 kidneys that did not have reflux during MCUG (68%). There were no significant differences in the incidence of VUR among normal or hydronephrotic kidneys. There is a poor correlation between slight hydronephrosis and presence or grade of reflux in newborns and breast-fed infants. The latter should not, therefore, be considered an indication for MCUC. (Author) 33 refs.

  9. Uncommon radiologic appearance of bony hydatidosis in child

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smida, M.; Jalel, C.; Mrad, K.; Sayed, M.; Ben Abdallah, O.; Ben Chehida, F.; Ben Ghachem, M.

    2001-01-01

    The authors report 2 cases of 2 children aging 11 and 12-years-old presenting hydatidosis in the upper extremity of 2 long bones femur and tibia. In 2 cases, radiological appearances were atypical. In the femur, plain radiographs revealed multiple lucencies, irregular, located in the superior extremity with a periosteal reaction. The CT scan confirmed these data and showed a cortical rupture, extension to soft tissue with contrast enhancement. In the tibia, plain radiographies showed delimited lucencies, confluent with a rim condensation in the proximal epiphyseal-metaphyseal area. Echography and CT are helpful when radiological appearances are unusual. (authors)

  10. Clinical evaluation of scintigraphy for malignant tumors in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ishii, Katsumi; Aso, Koichi; Yamada, Nobuaki; Horiike, Shigeharu; Matsubayashi, Takashi

    1982-01-01

    X-ray study, Computed tomography, Echography and Scintigraphy are chosen to draw visual images of malignant tumors in children. To obtain higher diagnostic sensitivity, we recommend that 67-Ga-scintigraphy and other different scitigraphy for organs are performed on each child suspected of having malignant tumor. 67-Ga does not have accurate sensitivity for neuroblastoma, but bone scintigraphy with 99m-Tc-labelled phosphate complexes detects neuroblastoma as a positive image. 67-Ga scintigraphy and other different radiopharmaceutical scintigraphy should be used for primary visualization and control of malignant tumor in children. Serial scintigraphy at proper intervals are very effective to detect local recurrence and metastasis of malignant tumors. (author)

  11. Value of sonographic examination and differential diagnosis in cysts of the female breast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleedorfer, D; Pflanzer, D; Pflanzer, K; Kiprov, S; Fochem, K

    1982-08-01

    Echography of the breast was performed in 100 women in whom palpation had prompted suspicion of the presence of a cyst. Examination was done with a real-time scanner with a 2.5 or 5 Mhz freely mobile soundhead. Cysts were detected in 56 women by this sonographic method. Approximately 9% of these were complicated cysts requiring surgical treatment. Although sonography facilitates identification of single or of multiple cysts, it will be necessary to perform pneumocystography and X-ray film examination in two projections on first examination in order to exclude complicated cysts, since mere sonographic control after puncture of the cysts is too inaccurate for identifying complicated cysts.

  12. Bilateral cryptophthalmos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bauza Fortunato, Yaumary; Veitía Rovirosa, Zucell Ana; Rojas Rondón, Irene; Góngora Torres, Juan Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Cryptophthalmos comes from a congenital defect in the neural crest migration that gives rise to abnormal development of eyelids and of the anterior ocular structures. Here is the case of a male 6 months-old infant with cryptophthalmos. The ophthalmological exam revealed eyelid agenesis. The infant´s skin went down from the forehead, passing over the eyeball up to the cheek, but the eyelid architecture was absent. The rest of the facial structures were normal. The diagnosis was based on the medical history and some tests as the ocular echography, the orbit and cranial computerized tomography and other studies which confirm the diagnosis. (author)

  13. A Very Big Hand Is a Very Big Problem: Soft-Tissue Infection, Venous Thrombosis, or Just an Insect Sting?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Damanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A 67-year-old woman developed severe edema of her right hand and forearm, for which she was treated with antibiotics, without benefit. The echography excluded a venous thrombosis. Subsequently, she referred a wasp sting before the development of the edema. Specific Hymenoptera venom immunoglobulin E (IgE was found to be positive for paper wasp and yellow jacket. A large local reaction (LLR was diagnosed due to the hymenoptera sting. Self-injectable epinephrine was prescribed for possible, though unlikely, systemic reactions following hymenoptera stings.

  14. What extension evaluation before therapy have we to do in the nasopharynx cancers?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elloumi, F.; Mnejja, W.; Siala, W.; Daoud, J.; Hammami, B.; Ghorbel, M.; Frikhan, M.

    2007-01-01

    NMR imaging has proved its superiority on scanography in the study of limits and tumor extension and should be the first examination. The practice of of a scanography or cervical NMR should be the best mean of ganglions evaluation. As regards the extension evaluation at distance, it is recommended to require systematically a thorax radiograph and a bone scintigraphy for any patient. The liver echography is rather indicated among male patients, aged between 40 and 45 and having a stage 3 lymph node (according to the U.I.C.C. 1997 classification). (N.C.)

  15. Parallel scintigraphic and echographic studies in patients with miscellaneous andrologic diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sultanov, S.; Stanchev, P.; Tsvetkov, D.

    1989-01-01

    The diagnostic possibilities of scintigraphic and echographic methods are compared for diagnostics of varicocele, cryptorchidism, orchiepididymitis, atrophy of the testis, post orchidopexy state, tumors, torsion and hypogonadism. A nonselected group of 33 patients is studied. In 24 patients was coincidence in the results from gamma camera scintigraphy and echography, in 7 - lack of coincidence and in 3 - partial coincidence. It is concludied that the two methods are quick, exact and noninvasive. Gamma-camera scintigraphy is especially suitable for torsion, where the diagnosis is infallible, for cryptorchidism, varicocele and for tumors, where the necrotic zones in the testis are very precisely visualized. 3 figs., 4 refs

  16. Comparative value of diagnostic imaging techniques in a cat with exophthalmos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramsey, D.T.; Gerding, P.A. Jr.; Losonsky, J.M.; Kuriashkin, I.V.; Clarkson, R.D.

    1994-01-01

    A mass that appeared to originate from the frontal bone and extended into retrobulbar tissues of the light orbit was imaged in a cat using ultrasound, skull radiographs, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The cat was presented with ventrolateral strabismus, exophthalmos, and elevated nictitans membrane of the tight eye. The mass was not delineated entirely after orbital echography and survey radiography of the skull was performed. Cytologic examination of fine-needle aspirate of the mass was suggestive of a neoplastic disease. Results of computed tomography indicated lysis of the calvarium but did not delineate borders of the mass in the calvarium. Magnetic resonance imaging was then used to confirm borders of the neoplasm. Magnetic resonance imaging was the only imaging technique that delineated the entire border of the neoplasm, including in the calvarium, when compared to postmortem evaluation. Results of orbital echography, skull radiographs, or computed tomography, when used as the only diagnostic imaging modality, must be interpreted with caution when evaluating borders of retrobulbar neoplasia prior to surgical planning

  17. Treatment of hyperthyroidism by 131-iodine; Traitement des hyperthyroidies par l'iode 131: dose calculee versus dose fixe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fieffe, S.; Cuif-Joba, A.; Testard, A.; Fortuna, I.; Pocharta, J.M.; Papathanassioua, D.; Schvartz, C. [Service d' endocrinologie et medecine nucleaires, institut Jean-Godinot, 1, rue du General Koeing, 51056 Reims, (France)

    2009-05-15

    In a first time, we chose to modify the dose to be administered, on using always the Marinelli formula but on increasing the absorbed dose. In a second time, we wanted to simplify the determination of the dose to be administered by modulating it only in function of the thyroid volume. Two groups of patients were managed for hyperthyroidism recurrence. In a first group the iodine dose ({sup 131}I) was determined with the help of the simplified Marinelli formula: chosen absorbed dose was 150 Gy, gland volume determined by echography, measurement of the fixation at the sixth hour. In the second group, the thyroid volume was determined by echography. The patients with a thyroid from 5 to 30 g received 185 MBq, from 30 to 50 g 370 MBq and superior to 50 g 555 MBq of iodine 131. The two groups of patients have the same characteristics. the results of treatment by iodine 131, evaluated on the dosages of T4L and TSH at three and six months, show the preservation of euthyroidism or the passage in hypothyroidism among 94% of patients in the group 1 and 80% of patients in the group 2. These results are not significantly different. The easiness of the realisation of the treatment in the group 2 lead us to continue this simplified therapy scheme that allows equally to improve the radiation protection of medical personnel by avoiding the use of iodine 131. (N.C.)

  18. [Apathetic hyperthyroidism with heart failure in an elderly patient with Plummer's disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narisawa, Manabu; Okada, Yosuke; Arao, Tadashi; Kuno, Fumi; Tanaka, Yoshiya

    2014-12-01

    We report a case of apathetic hyperthyroidism associated with unrecognized slowly growing functional thyroid adenoma (Plummer's disease), atrial fibrillation and heart failure. An 81-year-old woman with worsening thyroid dysfunction was admitted to our hospital for the treatment of heart failure. The patient had developed heart failure associated with chronic atrial fibrillation at 76 years of age, and one year later was found to have asymptomatic hyperthyroidism. Anti-thyroid autoantibodies were negative, but thyroid echography showed a 32-mm tumor devoid of internal blood flow in the left lower lobe. Free thyroxine 4 (FT4) decreased from 3.30 to 2.60 ng/dl without treatment. The patient was diagnosed with transient thyroiditis and was followed-up without treatment. However, a repeat thyroid echography showed growth of the tumor to 41 mm in 4 years. Thyroid scintigraphy showed uptake that matched the thyroid mass. Based on these findings, the established diagnosis was Plummer's disease complicated with heart failure. The patient was treated with anti-thyroid drugs, which resulted in improvement of FT4 and reduced the severity of heart failure. In this rare case of an elderly patient, Plummer's disease was associated with a slowly-growing functional thyroid adenoma, apathetic hyperthyroidism, repeated episodes of atrial fibrillation and heart failure. Since symptoms of thyrotoxicosis are likely to be missed in the elderly, it is necessary to include hyperthyroidism in the pathoetiology of heart failure and atrial fibrillation in this population.

  19. Cardiac variation of inferior vena cava: new concept in the evaluation of intravascular blood volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Kensuke; Tomida, Makoto; Ando, Takehiro; Sen, Kon; Inokuchi, Ryota; Kobayashi, Etsuko; Nakajima, Susumu; Sakuma, Ichiro; Yahagi, Naoki

    2013-07-01

    Evaluation of the intravascular blood volume is an important assessment in emergency and critical care medicine. Measurement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) respiratory variation by ultrasound echography is useful, but it entails subjective problems. We have hypothesized that IVC cardiac variation is also correlated with intravascular blood volume and analyzed it automatically using computer software of two kinds, later comparing the results. Snakes, software to track boundaries by curve line continuity, and template matching software were incorporated into a computer with an ultrasound machine to track the short-axis view of IVC automatically and analyze it with approximation by ellipse. Eight healthy volunteers with temporary mild hypovolemia underwent echography before and after passive leg raising and while wearing medical anti-shock trousers. IVC cardiac variation was visually decreased by both leg raising and medical anti-shock trousers. The collapse index (maximum - minimum/maximum) of area during three cardiac beats was decreased showing a good relationship to fluid load simulations; 0.24 ± 0.03 at baseline versus 0.11 ± 0.01 with leg raising and 0.12 ± 0.01 with medical anti-shock trousers. In conclusion, IVC cardiac variation has the potential to provide an evaluation of water volume. It presents some advantages in mechanical analysis over respiratory variation. At the very least, we need to exercise some caution with cardiac variation when evaluating respiratory variation.

  20. Cataract surgery in patients with nanophthalmos: results and complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wayne; Dawson, Daniel G; Sugar, Alan; Elner, Susan G; Meyer, Kathy A; McKey, Jesse B; Moroi, Sayoko E

    2004-03-01

    To evaluate the results and complications of cataract surgery in patients with nanophthalmos. University hospital practice. The records of consecutive patients with nanophthalmos who had cataract surgery from 1978 through 2002 were reviewed for ocular diagnoses, corneal diameter, keratometry, axial length, retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness determined by echography, ocular surgeries, visual acuity, and complications. Eight patients (6 women, 2 men) with a mean age of 59 years were reviewed. Four patients were not previously diagnosed with nanophthalmos; increased retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness (mean 2.41 mm) confirmed the diagnosis. Twelve eyes had cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, 11 by phacoemulsification and 1 by extracapsular cataract extraction, and 4 eyes had lamellar scleral resections. Additional surgeries included glaucoma laser treatment (8 eyes), cyclocryotherapy (2 eyes), trabeculectomy with scleral resection (1 eye), trabeculectomy combined with phacoemulsification (1 eye), and neodymium:YAG laser capsulotomy (4 eyes). No eye lost vision; however, complications included severe iritis, broken IOL haptic with vitreous loss, posterior capsule opacity, choroidal hemorrhage, phthisis, and aqueous misdirection. Results indicate that echography should be used to assess retinal-choroidal-scleral thickness in eyes that are hyperopic and at risk for narrow-angle glaucoma. Thickening may confirm the diagnosis of nanophthalmos and allow careful preoperative assessment and appropriate operative procedures in these high-risk eyes. With advances in cataract, glaucoma, and uveal effusion treatments, surgical results in patients with nanophthalmos are improving.

  1. [WMSDs in supermarket cashiers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Pede, Cinzia; Manuli, Gianluca; Dini, Fulvia; Pinelli, Marco; Turini, Lucia; Mariani, Maurizio; Taddeo, Domenico

    2011-01-01

    High prevalence of Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTD) of shoulder and wristle among supermarket cashiers have been reported by several studies. To evaluate CTD prevalence in a group of supermarket cashiers in Pisa area is the aim of this study. Standardized Questionnaire and clinical examination have been performed in 128 female supermarket cashiers. In subjects having Symptoms and Signs, Elettroneurography and Echography have been performed. 54 subjects had Paresthesias and performed elettroneurography: 44 (34,4%) had Median nerve impairment at the wrist and among them 37 cases were bilateral; 15 had Ulnar nerve impairment (11,7%), among them 8 were bilateral. Moreover we have performed the echographies in all the 25 subjects with a positive medical examination of the shoulder and they all (19,5% del totale) showed a rotator cuff tendinosis. 25 subjects with CTD (44,6%) showed a comorbidity. An index called BiCo considering both bilaterality and comorbility has been calculated. The percentage of CTD is much more elevated than in general population and many workers present comorbility and bilaterality: a strategy for primary prevention improving ergonomy and information is needed.

  2. Indium-111-oxine labeled platelet scintigraphy for detection of intracardiac and intravascular thrombi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimura, Michio; Ojima, Kenji; Tsuda, Takashi [Niigata Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1983-09-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of scintigraphy by using /sup 111/In-oxine labeled platelets for the detection of either intracardiac or intravascular thrombi. Fourteen cases of thrombi diagnosed or suspected on the basis of either angiography or two-dimensional echography were examined. They included four cases of left ventricular thrombi, three of left atrial thrombi, four of vascular thrombi and three of inflammatory disease. Platelet samples from the patients were labeled by /sup 111/In-oxine according to the method originated by Yui et al. The labeling efficiency was 72.4+-9.8%. The platelets retained good function except for collagen aggregability. Hot areas of high quality in the scintigram were demonstrated in six cases including two with left ventricular thrombi, two with left atrial thrombi and two with vascular thrombi. These areas accorded well with the findings of angiography, echography or surgery. The removed thrombi had a layer of aggregated platelets on the surface. Platelet survival was shortened in a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis without a hot area, and was normal in four out of the five cases including two with a hot area. It is concluded that this method is potentially predictive in detecting thrombi.

  3. Correlation between radiographic, echographic and MRI changes and rheumatoid arthritis progression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Garlaschi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To review the imaging methods used for the evaluation of disease progression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA and to evaluate the results of their application in pharmacological trials. Methods: Literature articles dealing with radiology, echography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of patients with RA were evaluated in a non-systematic fashion. Results: Conventional radiology is the gold standard for the evaluation of disease progression in RA because of its diffusion, economy, and standardization. Different techniques have been proposed to evaluate radiological damage of the joints, with the Larsen’s and Sharp’s methods being most widely used. These methods are commonly used for the evaluation of the ability of DMARDs to slow RA progression. Among traditional DMARDs, gold salts, sulphasalazine, methotrexate, cyclosporin, and leflunomide have shown efficacy in slowing the appearance of new erosions. The same effect has been recently demonstrated for infliximab plus methotrexate, anakinra and etanercept. However, conventional radiology has several disadvantages, because it is monoplanar and has a low sensitivity to change. Newer imaging techniques, such as echography and MRI are extensively studied and have been used occasionally in the mediumterm evaluation of DMARDs, with promising results. Conclusions: Although conventional radiology is still the gold standard for the evaluation of disease progression in RA, newer techniques are increasingly studied. In particular, standardization of echographic and MRI imaging of the joints is in progress.

  4. A tele-operated mobile ultrasound scanner using a light-weight robot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgorge, Cécile; Courrèges, Fabien; Al Bassit, Lama; Novales, Cyril; Rosenberger, Christophe; Smith-Guerin, Natalie; Brù, Concepció; Gilabert, Rosa; Vannoni, Maurizio; Poisson, Gérard; Vieyres, Pierre

    2005-03-01

    This paper presents a new tele-operated robotic chain for real-time ultrasound image acquisition and medical diagnosis. This system has been developed in the frame of the Mobile Tele-Echography Using an Ultralight Robot European Project. A light-weight six degrees-of-freedom serial robot, with a remote center of motion, has been specially designed for this application. It holds and moves a real probe on a distant patient according to the expert gesture and permits an image acquisition using a standard ultrasound device. The combination of mechanical structure choice for the robot and dedicated control law, particularly nearby the singular configuration allows a good path following and a robotized gesture accuracy. The choice of compression techniques for image transmission enables a compromise between flow and quality. These combined approaches, for robotics and image processing, enable the medical specialist to better control the remote ultrasound probe holder system and to receive stable and good quality ultrasound images to make a diagnosis via any type of communication link from terrestrial to satellite. Clinical tests have been performed since April 2003. They used both satellite or Integrated Services Digital Network lines with a theoretical bandwidth of 384 Kb/s. They showed the tele-echography system helped to identify 66% of lesions and 83% of symptomatic pathologies.

  5. Echographic monitoring of response of extraocular muscles to irradiation in graves' ophthalmopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erickson, Beth A.; Harris, Gerald J.; Lewandowski, Michael F.; Murray, Kevin J.; Massaro, Bruce M.

    1995-01-01

    Purpose: Confirmation of the efficacy of orbital irradiation in Graves' ophthalmopathy is needed due to the unpredictable natural history of the disease, the variation in individual clinical presentations, the contribution of other simultaneous treatments, and the lack of controlled studies using objective criteria to classify and assess response over time. Orbital echography before and at select intervals following orbital irradiation is proposed as an objective parameter of tissue response to orbital irradiation over time. Methods and Materials: From January, 1983 to September, 1993, 55 patients with progressive Graves' ophthalmopathy underwent 20 Gy retrobulbar irradiation. On retrospective review, standardized orbital echography was performed randomly prior to irradiation in 37 of the 55 patients to assess the acoustic characteristics of the extraocular muscles and to quantitate their individual and summed diameters. Twenty-one patients had at least one follow-up echographic evaluation at random intervals of 0 to 27.5 months following completion of irradiation. Twelve patients received steroids before or during irradiation, which were tapered in proximity to completion of radiation. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 65 months with the majority followed at least 6 months (18 patients). Results: Of the 21 patients with serial studies, 18 showed an interval decrease in individual and summed muscle size over time and return of symmetry. Interval improvement was documented as early as the 1 month follow-up study, with continued improvement seen during the 3-9 month studies, with stability typically achieved within 12 months. One patient had further changes between the 21 and 27.5 month follow-up studies. Exacerbation of disease was, however, echographically demonstrated in three patients at 6.5, 8.5, and 13 months. Follow-up studies in two of these patients again revealed improvement, one following tapered steroids. The third patient required orbital decompression

  6. Medical irradiation in 10 episodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cordoliani, Y.S.; Kalifa, G.; Lefaure, Ch.; Lochard, J.

    2000-01-01

    Illustrated by strip cartoons, this publication recalls the historical development in the field of X rays and their medical use, explains the risks associated with the use of radioactive rays and therefore that a the use of a radiography is not always required. It indicates and comments the share of medical irradiation in the whole radioactive exposure, and the adopted precaution principle. It outlines that risks are more important for embryos, foetuses, babies and young children, outlines the best practices in the field of radiography. It presents the various radionuclides present in the human body and their medical use or application, evokes other available techniques used to view inside the body (echography, magnetic resonance imaging), the use of radiological technical for medical purposes on healthy people and as curative means. The progress associated with the introduction of digital processing is evoked

  7. Medical irradiation in 10 episodes; L'irradiation medicale en 10 episodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordoliani, Y.S. [Hopital du Val-de-Grace, Service Radiologie, 75 - Paris (France); Kalifa, G. [Hopital Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Service Radiologie, 75 - Paris (France); Lefaure, Ch.; Lochard, J. [Centre d' Etude sur l' Evaluation de la Protection dans le domaine Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2000-07-01

    Illustrated by strip cartoons, this publication recalls the historical development in the field of X rays and their medical use, explains the risks associated with the use of radioactive rays and therefore that a the use of a radiography is not always required. It indicates and comments the share of medical irradiation in the whole radioactive exposure, and the adopted precaution principle. It outlines that risks are more important for embryos, foetuses, babies and young children, outlines the best practices in the field of radiography. It presents the various radionuclides present in the human body and their medical use or application, evokes other available techniques used to view inside the body (echography, magnetic resonance imaging), the use of radiological technical for medical purposes on healthy people and as curative means. The progress associated with the introduction of digital processing is evoked

  8. Conclusion: imaging in strategy of endocrine diagnosis and therapeutics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mornex, R.

    1995-01-01

    Images in medicine have to help the doctor in a diagnostic or therapeutic aim. The choice must be made in function of pathology or organ as known (it is not necessary to ask for a computed tomography where we know that only an echography can give the answer to the question we ask ), the criteria must stay the best performance for the cheapest price, but the quality of interpretation is a more important thing. It is important to avoid a lot of examinations which do not give better informations but are heavy to endure for the patients. In conclusion, the aim of this kind of proceedings is to assure to the patients who come confidently to us, the best service at the less constraints price without forgetting that a conclusion depends on a given methodological situation and reminding of beside machines we have not to forget the men

  9. Prospective study of fetal hydronephrosis diagnosed by ultrasound- contribution to prevent renal damage in childhood; Estudo prospectivo da hidronefrose fetal diagnosticada por ultra-som: uma contribuicao na prevencao ao dano renal na infancia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Eduardo A.; Cabral, Antonio Carlos V.; Leite, Henrique V.; Filgueiras, Teresa F.; Oliveira, Raquel B.B.; Vilasboas, Aranai S.; Tiburcio, Arthur E.L.; Diniz, Jose Silveiro S. [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas

    1998-03-01

    Newborns with anomalies of the urinary tract detected by fetal echography were investigated. The purpose was to identify prevalent uropathies, clinical outcome and variables of prognostic significance in patients with fetal hydronephrosis. The patients were investigated by ultrasound, micturating cystourethrography and radionuclide imaging, after beginning of chemoprophylaxis. Renal function and urinary tract infection were also studied. Eight-three patients were included in this study, 54(65,1%) of these were boys. Postnatal predominant diagnosis were pelviureteric junction obstruction (3,3%) and multicytic kidney (15,7%). Follow-up average was 35 {+-} 2.5 months. Renal function deteriored in 8 children during follow-up. Worse prognosis was associated with prenatal diagnosis before third trimester of gestation, bilateral uropathy, oligohydrammios, abnormal palpable kidney or bladder, abnormal renal function on admission and urethral obstruction. (author) 40 refs., 3 figs.

  10. Phlebotomy eliminates the maximal cardiac output response to six weeks of exercise training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonne, Thomas Christian; Doucende, Gregory; Flück, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    With this study we tested the hypothesis that six weeks of endurance training increases maximal cardiac output (Qmax) relatively more by elevating blood volume (BV) than by inducing structural and functional changes within the heart. Nine healthy but untrained volunteers (VO2max 47 ± 5 ml.min(-1......).kg(-1)) underwent supervised training (60 min; 4 times weekly at 65% VO2max for six weeks) and Qmax was determined by inert gas re-breathing during cycle ergometer exercise before and after the training period. After the training period, blood volume (determined in duplicates by CO re......-breathing) was re-established to pre-training values by phlebotomy and Qmax was quantified again. Resting echography revealed no structural heart adaptations as a consequence of the training intervention. Following the training period, plasma volume (PV), red blood cell volume (RBCV) and BV increased (p...

  11. Ovarian torsion: Echographic discoveries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Triana R, Gustavo; Navas O, Claudia

    1994-01-01

    Patient of 31 years who consulted to the even service of urgencies to present of two hours of evolution intense pain in flank and region lumbar left, associated to vomit, present square similar 5 previous days to the entrance in the right side. Go Po, plans with DIU FUR, 8 previous days to the square. It is practiced Tran abdominal pelvic echography that shows left ovary of 6 x 5 x 3 cms, with multiple follicular images, of thick walls, with I liquidate free abdominal, highly suggestive of ovarian torsion although the patient didn't present square of sharp abdomen. It decides to suspend analgesic and to value it, presented sharp abdominal pain, reason why laparotomy was practiced, finding mass of 6 x 6 cms. of necrotic aspect, corresponding to the left ovary, which presented three turns on their axis. It is taken finish left salpingooferectomy

  12. Biliary ileum: an uncommon complication of vesicular lithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalez Sosa, Gabriel; Diaz Mesa, Julio; Collera Rodriguez, Simeon

    2010-01-01

    This the case of a female patient aged 80 with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart failure and a exogenous obesity urgently admitted due to abdominal pain, vomiting and abdominal distention of 3 days course. In abdominal simple radiograph radiological signs of intestinal occlusion were confirmed corroborated by abdominal echography and CAT. Hydroelectrolytic imbalance was corrected performing an exploration laparotomy observing the presence of large calculus located in terminal ileum. An enterolithotomy with enterorrhaphy and occlusive picture was resolved. At 16 from discharge, patient is re-admitted with a similar situation and at re-intervention presence of another calculus and a cholecystogastric fistula was verified involving the gall bladder and the gastric antrum repairing by gastrorrhaphy. At the end of transoperative period, patient had an episode of ventricular fibrillation with extreme bradycardia and an asystolic arrest. She was reanimated but there wasn't reversion and patient died. (author)

  13. Abdominal-thoracic gamma-graphy with colloids in the hepatic hydrothorax

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agostinho, C.; Sousa, C.; Pedroto, I.; Areias, J.; Pinho, C.; Amorim, I.

    1997-01-01

    Full text: The authors present two cases with refractory hydrothorax and the necessity of thoracentesis of repetition. In both cases, the study of the pleural liquid revealed to be a transudates, with mesothelial cells, macrophages, leukocytes and negative microbiologic examination. Abdomino-thoracic gammagraphy has been performed by injecting colloids labeled with Technetium-99m in the peritoneal cavity (left iliac fossa) under echography control, which confirmed the diagnostic hypothesis of hepatic hydrothorax for labeled activity in the thoracic cavity after 30 minutes. The importance of the confirmed diagnosis oriented the therapeutic program. The abdomino-thoracic gammagraphy using colloids labeled with Technetium-99m showed to be a simple and an important technique to diagnose the hepatic hydrothorax

  14. Mixing of multi-modal images for conformational radiotherapy: application to patient re positioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vassal, P.

    1998-01-01

    This study shows a procedure of patient re positioning by comparative evaluation between the position of the patient and the theoretical expected position of the patient; the stagger between the two information gives the error of installation in translation and rotation. A correction is calculated and applied to the treatment environment (position and orientation of the patient, position and orientation of the irradiation source). The control system allows to determine the precise position of the tumor volume. The echography allows to determine the position of an organ.The surface captor is used to localize the tumors of the face or of the brain, with the respect to the face, the acquisition and the treatment of information take only few minutes. The X rays imager is applied for the localization of bones structures. (N.C.)

  15. Mixing of multi-modal images for conformational radiotherapy: application to patient re positioning; Fusion d`images multi-modales pour la radiotherapie conformationnelle: application au repositionnement du patient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vassal, P

    1998-06-29

    This study shows a procedure of patient re positioning by comparative evaluation between the position of the patient and the theoretical expected position of the patient; the stagger between the two information gives the error of installation in translation and rotation. A correction is calculated and applied to the treatment environment (position and orientation of the patient, position and orientation of the irradiation source). The control system allows to determine the precise position of the tumor volume. The echography allows to determine the position of an organ.The surface captor is used to localize the tumors of the face or of the brain, with the respect to the face, the acquisition and the treatment of information take only few minutes. The X rays imager is applied for the localization of bones structures. (N.C.)

  16. Early diagnosis of hygroma cervicis in a fetus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Date, Kenjiro; Nagai, Toru; Sera, Kyoko

    1986-01-01

    A fetus was diagnosed as having hygroma cervicis (HC) with sonography. Sonographic features at 23 weeks of gestation were symmetrical echo free spaces of the head suggestive of a giant solid tumor (HC) and single umbilical artery. When umbilical circulation of the single umbilical artery was examined using pulsed Doppler echography, high S/D ratios were seen. MRI clearly visualized a mass surrounding the head as an abnormal signal intensity. Pregnancy was terminated in the second trimester. A male stillborn baby weighing 1,440 g had multiple anomalies associated with cervical lymphangioma. Elevated amniotic and intracystic levels of AFP were not seen. A review of the literature shows the relationship between HC and Turner syndrome. However, because the present case was a male baby, hereditary disease may be related to the occurrence of HC. (Namekawa, K.)

  17. Early diagnosis of hygroma cervicis in a fetus. Sonographic, pulsed Doppler echographic and MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Date, Kenjiro; Nagai, Toru; Sera, Kyoko and others

    1986-07-01

    A fetus was diagnosed as having hygroma cervicis (HC) with sonography. Sonographic features at 23 weeks of gestation were symmetrical echo free spaces of the head suggestive of a giant solid tumor (HC) and single umbilical artery. When umbilical circulation of the single umbilical artery was examined using pulsed Doppler echography, high S/D ratios were seen. MRI clearly visualized a mass surrounding the head as an abnormal signal intensity. Pregnancy was terminated in the second trimester. A male stillborn baby weighing 1,440 g had multiple anomalies associated with cervical lymphangioma. Elevated amniotic and intracystic levels of AFP were not seen. A review of the literature shows the relationship between HC and Turner syndrome. However, because the present case was a male baby, hereditary disease may be related to the occurrence of HC. (Namekawa, K.).

  18. Vasoproliferative retinal tumor. Report of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arencibia Gonzalez, Danaides; Eguia Martinez, Frank; Santana Alas, Eva

    2010-01-01

    Vasoproliferative retinal tumor is a rare and benign condition that presents as an exudative lesion in the peripheral retina. The lesion can be classified in primary (idiopathic) or secondary to other ocular processes. Therapeutic options include observation, cryotherapy, laser photocoagulation, surgical removal by pars plana vitrectomy, photodynamic therapy and epiescleral brachytheraphy with radio-active isotopes associated or not to the use of anti-angiogenic or anti-inflammatory drugs. The selection of a particular management modality depends on the type of case. Two female patients affected with this condition were presented; the most important characteristics in their clinical pictures, as well as the results of other tests as retinography, fluorescent and ICG angiography and echography were described. The management and the therapeutical and evolutive course of both patients were also discussed

  19. Prospective study of fetal hydronephrosis diagnosed by ultrasound- contribution to prevent renal damage in childhood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira, Eduardo A.; Cabral, Antonio Carlos V.; Leite, Henrique V.; Filgueiras, Teresa F.; Oliveira, Raquel B.B.; Vilasboas, Aranai S.; Tiburcio, Arthur E.L.; Diniz, Jose Silveiro S.

    1998-01-01

    Newborns with anomalies of the urinary tract detected by fetal echography were investigated. The purpose was to identify prevalent uropathies, clinical outcome and variables of prognostic significance in patients with fetal hydronephrosis. The patients were investigated by ultrasound, micturating cystourethrography and radionuclide imaging, after beginning of chemoprophylaxis. Renal function and urinary tract infection were also studied. Eight-three patients were included in this study, 54(65,1%) of these were boys. Postnatal predominant diagnosis were pelviureteric junction obstruction (3,3%) and multicytic kidney (15,7%). Follow-up average was 35 ± 2.5 months. Renal function deteriored in 8 children during follow-up. Worse prognosis was associated with prenatal diagnosis before third trimester of gestation, bilateral uropathy, oligohydrammios, abnormal palpable kidney or bladder, abnormal renal function on admission and urethral obstruction. (author)

  20. Perception SoC Based on an Ultrasonic Array of Sensors: Efficient DSP Core Implementation and Subsequent Experimental Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Haidar

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available We are concerned with the design, implementation, and validation of a perception SoC based on an ultrasonic array of sensors. The proposed SoC is dedicated to ultrasonic echography applications. A rapid prototyping platform is used to implement and validate the new architecture of the digital signal processing (DSP core. The proposed DSP core efficiently integrates all of the necessary ultrasonic B-mode processing modules. It includes digital beamforming, quadrature demodulation of RF signals, digital filtering, and envelope detection of the received signals. This system handles 128 scan lines and 6400 samples per scan line with a 90° angle of view span. The design uses a minimum size lookup memory to store the initial scan information. Rapid prototyping using an ARM/FPGA combination is used to validate the operation of the described system. This system offers significant advantages of portability and a rapid time to market.

  1. Perception SoC Based on an Ultrasonic Array of Sensors: Efficient DSP Core Implementation and Subsequent Experimental Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassem, A.; Sawan, M.; Boukadoum, M.; Haidar, A.

    2005-12-01

    We are concerned with the design, implementation, and validation of a perception SoC based on an ultrasonic array of sensors. The proposed SoC is dedicated to ultrasonic echography applications. A rapid prototyping platform is used to implement and validate the new architecture of the digital signal processing (DSP) core. The proposed DSP core efficiently integrates all of the necessary ultrasonic B-mode processing modules. It includes digital beamforming, quadrature demodulation of RF signals, digital filtering, and envelope detection of the received signals. This system handles 128 scan lines and 6400 samples per scan line with a[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] angle of view span. The design uses a minimum size lookup memory to store the initial scan information. Rapid prototyping using an ARM/FPGA combination is used to validate the operation of the described system. This system offers significant advantages of portability and a rapid time to market.

  2. Assessment of Arteriovenous Shunt Pathway Function and Hypervolemia for Hemodialysis Patients by Using Integrated Rapid Screening System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ling Chen

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the hemodialysis patients received body weight measurement by themselves, vital sign checking by nursing staffs before dialysis. Whenever, the arteriovenous routes with problems doubted, the patients needed to be referred to surgeon for vascular echography checking and then to be corrected. How to integrate these three tasks in one time is a very important issue. The project proposes to combine our previous study of audio-phono angiographic technology in detecting vascular stenosis with rapid screening system to evaluate dialysis patients’ arteriovenous routes function and their status of excess body fluids: inspecting and integrating the blood pressure, body weight, and fistula function work into a rapid screening system, and using the quantization of fistula phono angiography pitch to achieve assessing arteriovenous routes. Future hoping is developed a complete integrated intelligence system by combining the arteriovenous fistula signal processing with feature extraction with wireless sensor network technology.

  3. Value of amniofetography following ultrasound diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toth, Z; Vachter, J; Csecsei, K; Papp, Z [Orvostudomanyi Egyetem, Debrecen (Hungary). Radiologiai Klinika

    1984-08-01

    In the course of amniocentesis, the contrast agent injected into the gestational sac disperses evenly in the amniotic fluid. The fat-soluble contrast agent binds to the exterior of the fetus, while the water-soluble one enters the gastrointestinal tract by swallowing. Thus, by means of amniofetography, numerous fetal anomalies can be detected prenatally. Authors describe the technique of the method, its field of indication, and their own experiences in 13 cases. Successful diagnoses were established such as cervical hygrom, myelomeningocele, thanatophor dysplasia, hydrocephalia, anencephalia, iniencephalia, encephalocele, hydrops, omphalocele, oesophageal and intestinal atresia. Amniofetography is indicated when fetal developmental anomaly is suspected, and its type and grade of seriousness, respectively, can not be assessed by means of echography and/or amniocentesis.

  4. The value of amniofetography following ultrasound diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, Zoltan; Vachter, Janos; Csecsei, Karoly; Papp, Zoltan

    1984-01-01

    In the course of amniocentesis, the contrast agent injected into the gestational sac disperses evenly in the amniotic fluid. The fat-soluble contrast agent binds to the exterior of the fetus, while the water-soluble one enters the gastrointestinal tract by swallowing. Thus, by means of amniofetography, numerous fetal anomalies can be detected prenatally. Authors describe the technique of the method, its field of indication, and their own experiences in 13 cases. Successful diagnoses were established such as cervical hygrom, myelomeningocele, thanatophor dysplasia, hydrocephalia, anencephalia, iniencephalia, encephalocele, hydrops, omphalocele, oesophageal and intestinal atresia. Amniofetography is indicated when fetal developmental anomaly is suspected, and its type and grade of seriousness, respectively, can not be assessed by means of echography and/or amniocentesis. (author)

  5. Usefulness of emission CT in the liver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maeda, Hiroko; Kawai, Takeshi; Fukuda, Tetsuo; Akagi, Hiroaki

    1981-01-01

    Since April in 1980, we have been performing single photon emission tomography of the liver, using rotating chair and rotating scintillation camera, as a routin examination. We experienced about 500 cases, in which 141 cases were also examined by XCT and the final diagnosis of these cases was confirmed by clinical course including other examinations. The detection rate of SOL was 96.4% in XCT, 92.9% in ECT, 82.1% in Scintigram. Among modes of section of ECT (transverse, frontal, sagital), the detection rate was 84.3% in frontal section, 82.9% in transverse section and 72.9% in sagital section. In conclusion, ECT is useful in the detection of space occupying lesions as routine examination, and we think that the combination of scintigram, ECT of transverse and frontal section is a very favourable and useful method from the clinical consideration comparing with other methods; Echography, XCT, and Angiography. (author)

  6. Effect of a venotonic agent on the main arteries and veins during a 5 day HDT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roumy, Jerome; Herault, Stephane; Tobal, Nathalie; Besnard, Stephane; Arbeille, Philippe

    2001-08-01

    Objective: To evaluate the cardiac, arterial and venous effect of a venotonic drug (Cirkan « Ck å) administrated orally daily to 6 subjects in HDT position during 5 days. These subjects underwent a second 5d HDT without Ck treatment one month later. Pre and post HDT the subjects were submitted to a stand test. Method: The cardiovascular parameters were measured by echography and Doppler. Results and discussion: The Cirkan treatment contributed to reduce the increase in cerebral resistance, and to maintain the lower limb resistance at a higher level than on controls. It reduces the vein section at the extremities (Jugular, femoral) and in the central vein system connected to the right heart (sub hepatics). On the other hand it increases the portal vein section which means that the blood stagnation at the splanchnic level is increased. Despite these arterial and venous significant modifications the clinical and ECG and Blood pressure response to the Stand test was similar in both groups.

  7. Psychogenic Urinary Retention in Children: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kong-Sang Wan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Psychogenic urinary retention occurs relatively infrequently in children and is less common than in adults. The influence of psychogenic factors on voiding generally results in an irritative syndrome, but rarely in urinary retention. A definitive diagnosis is established by excluding other pathological conditions. Evaluation includes urine culture, renal echography, spine magnetic resonance imaging, voiding cysto-urethrography, intravenous pyelography, and uroflowmetry. Here, we report on a 6-year-old girl with a 1-month history of voiding difficulty. Urology studies, including urine culture, revealed Escherichia coli, which was not present in preadmission urine cultures. Renal ultrasound and radiological images showed no gross abnormalities or vesicoureteral reflux, but uroflowmetry showed a low flow rate with residual urine. The results of imaging studies and pediatric psychiatric consultation led to a diagnosis of psychogenic urinary retention combined with urinary tract infection. Urinary rehabilitation included intermittent catheterization, bladder training, and supportive psychotherapy, after which the patient recovered and was discharged.

  8. [Hydatid cyst in the hepatic hilum causing a cavernous transformation in the portal vein].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Egea, M J; Alameda, F; Girvent, M; Riera, R; Sitges-Serra, A

    1998-05-01

    Portal cavernomatosis consists in the substitution of the portal vein by many fine, twisting venules leading to the liver. This phenomenon is produced as a consequence of anterior thrombosis of the portal vein and is associated with chronic pancreatitis, cancer of the pancreas, intraabdominal sepsis and cholelithiasis. The symptomatology may be nul or present as obstructive jaundice or portal hypertension. Diagnosis is made by Doppler echography. The treatment is portal shunt when symptomatology is produced. In patients with cholelithiasis requiring surgery, the shunt is advised prior to biliary surgery since perioperative hemorrhage, if present, may be incoercible as in the case herein described. We present a 84-year-old woman with portal cavernomatosis the etiology of which was a hydatidic cyst located in the hepatic bifurcation and treated with mebendazol 10 years previously. This etiology has not been previously reported.

  9. The use of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime labelled granulocytes with single-photon emission tomography imaging in the detection and follow-up of recurrence of infective endocarditis complicating transvenous endocardial pacemaker

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramackers, J.M.; Kotzki, P.O.; Couret, I.; Messner-Pellenc, P.; Davy, J.M.; Rossi, M.

    1995-01-01

    In this case report we present a patient with a recurrence of subacute bacterial infectious endocarditis (IE) complicating a transvenous endocardial pacemaker. Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime ( 99m Tc-HMPAO) labelled granulocytes were used for diagnosis and follow-up under medical treatment only, since surgical removal of the pacemaker lead was ruled out because of the general condition of the patient. Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging displayed the active lesion previously suspected on echography. At the end of antibiotic therapy, SPET indicated a favourable disease outcome whereas echocardiographic abnormalities remained nearly unchanged. The medical treatment had eradicated the IE, and the patient did well for more than 1 year thereafter. (orig.)

  10. The use of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime labelled granulocytes with single-photon emission tomography imaging in the detection and follow-up of recurrence of infective endocarditis complicating transvenous endocardial pacemaker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramackers, J M [Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU E. Herriot, Lyon (France); Kotzki, P O [Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU Lapeyronie et A. de Villeneuve, Montpellier (France); Couret, I [Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU Lapeyronie et A. de Villeneuve, Montpellier (France); Messner-Pellenc, P [Department of Cardiology, CHU Lapeyronie et A. Villeneuve, Montpellier (France); Davy, J M [Department of Cardiology, CHU Lapeyronie et A. Villeneuve, Montpellier (France); Rossi, M [Department of Nuclear Medicine, CHU Lapeyronie et A. de Villeneuve, Montpellier (France)

    1995-11-01

    In this case report we present a patient with a recurrence of subacute bacterial infectious endocarditis (IE) complicating a transvenous endocardial pacemaker. Technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime ({sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO) labelled granulocytes were used for diagnosis and follow-up under medical treatment only, since surgical removal of the pacemaker lead was ruled out because of the general condition of the patient. Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging displayed the active lesion previously suspected on echography. At the end of antibiotic therapy, SPET indicated a favourable disease outcome whereas echocardiographic abnormalities remained nearly unchanged. The medical treatment had eradicated the IE, and the patient did well for more than 1 year thereafter. (orig.)

  11. Heterotaxy syndrome with intestinal malrotation, polysplenia and azygos continuity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Cupers

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Heterotaxy syndrome is a situs anomaly that comprises a large spectrum of cardiac and extracardiac malformations. Its association with intestinal malrotation is frequent. This later might be asymptomatic or manifest by signs of abdominal discomfort or of intestinal obstruction. We report on the case of a full term, small for gestational age neonate in whom heterotaxy syndrome with partial situs inversus abdominalis, intestinal malrotation, polysplenia and vena azygos continuity was diagnosed at prenatal echography. Due to the high risk of volvulus carried by the malrotation, Ladd’s procedure was performed at the age of two months. Follow-up examination at the age of four years shows excellent post-operative result and normal development of the child.

  12. Clinical use of gold-195m in evaluation of brain perfusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bourgeois, P.; Erbsmann, F.; Hebbelinck, D.; De Maertelaere, P.; Fruehling, J.

    1985-01-01

    With a Byk-Mallinckrodt /sup 195m/Au generator, brain-perfusion studies in multiple incidences or in tomoscintigraphic mode were visualized in 22 patients. Of these, 17 were referred for investigation of cerebrovascular diseases and four for search for brain metastasis. One patient was normal. All these investigations were completed by a dynamic and static classic tomoscintigraphic study by using /sup 99m/Tc glucoheptonate or DTPA. Data obtained have been compared to other investigation methods, such as X-ray arteriography, Doppler echography, and X-ray computed tomography. Dynamic, as well as morphological, data concerning arteries appeared to be equivalent to those furnished by the /sup 99m/Tc classical studies. The main contribution of these /sup 195m/Au investigations, however, which appeared at the tomoscintigraphic level was the clear delineation of the main vessels involving not only the carotids but also the vertebral and, to a lesser extent, the intracerebral arteries

  13. Continuous modelling study of numerical volumes - Applications to the visualization of anatomical structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goret, C.

    1990-12-01

    Several technics of imaging (IRM, image scanners, tomoscintigraphy, echography) give numerical informations presented by means of a stack of parallel cross-sectional images. Since many years, 3-D mathematical tools have been developed and allow the 3 D images synthesis of surfaces. In first part, we give the technics of numerical volume exploitation and their medical applications to diagnosis and therapy. The second part is about a continuous modelling of the volume with a tensor product of cubic splines. We study the characteristics of this representation and its clinical validation. Finally, we treat of the problem of surface visualization of objects contained in the volume. The results show the interest of this model and allow to propose specifications for 3-D workstation realization [fr

  14. Place of modern imaging methods and their influence on the diagnostic process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petkov, D.; Lazarova, I.

    1991-01-01

    The main trends in development of the modern imaging diagnostic methods are presented: increasing the specificity of CT, nuclear-magnetic resonance imaging, positron-emission tomography, digital substractional angiography, echography etc. based on modern technical improvements; objective representation of the physiological and biochemical divergencies in particular diseases; interventional radiology; integral application of different methods; improving the sensitivity and specificity of the methods based on developments in pharmacology (new contrast media, parmaceuticals influencing the function of examinated organs, etc.); the possibilities for data compilation and further computerized processing of primary data. Personal experience is reported with the exploitation of these methods in Bulgaria. Attention is also called to the unfavourable impact connected with the too strong technicization of the diagnostic and therapeutic process in a health, deontologic, economical and social respect. 15 refs

  15. Contemporary constellations of nuclear medical methods for diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radeva, M.; Doseva, V.

    2000-01-01

    There are selected contemporary methods for diagnosis of the primary and the secondary hyperparathyroidism. The serum concentration of the parathormone were determined by radioimmunoassay method for 178 patients with different stage of progress hyperparathyroidism. In 26 patients was performed scintigraphy by SPECT gamma camera for visualization of eventual parathyroid adenoma. The double isotope method namely 123 I for visualization thyroid gland and 99m Tc-MIBI for study parathyroid adenomas ware put into practice for the first time in Bulgaria. In consequence of the study in the part of the patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism were visualized adenomas and determined the localization relationship of thyroid gland. The results were compared with echography and with serum level of Ca and P in the patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. (authors)

  16. Muscular pathology: echographic and NMR imaging aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pascal-Suisse, P.; Beaurain, P.; Mougniot, C.

    1995-01-01

    A comparison of echographic techniques and NMR imaging has been done for the diagnosis of muscular trauma and tumor pathologies. In traumatic pathology, the echographic analysis allows to determine the complete assessment of recent muscular injuries. NMR imaging can be used in granuloma or fibrous callosity appreciation and for the analysis of deep injury (muscles and muscles-tendon junctions) and of muscular aponeurosis. Echography must be used together with color coding Doppler technique in the diagnosis of tumor pathology and for the study of slow fluxes. The recently available energy Doppler technique seems to be powerful in the study of vascularization of small expansive formations, but their extension to adjacent bone or tissue can only be appreciated using NMR imaging. (J.S.)

  17. [Prenatal diagnosis at 25 weeks gestation and neonatal management of a vallecular cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuillier, F; Testud, R; Samperiz, S; Fossati, P

    2002-11-01

    Due to the anatomical location, vallecular cyst is a rare but well-recognized cause of upper airway obstruction and death in newborn. This cyst can be accurately diagnosed by echography in utero and by MR imaging. Prenatal diagnosis allows for early consultation with surgical specialist, so that the time and place of the delivery can be addressed for neonatal preoperative planning. We report the first prenatal diagnosis of a vallecular cyst at 25 weeks of gestation. At birth, the cyst was drained and then marsupialized. We believed that, in cases of oropharyngeal tumors discovered in utero, elective delivery should be realised in a tertiary referral center in which emergency ventilation and tracheostomy are possible.

  18. [Splenic infarction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuquerella, J; Ferrer, L; Rivera, P; Tuset, J A; Medina, E; Pamós, S; Ariete, V; Tomé, A; García, V

    1996-06-01

    A 53-year-old male suffered splenic infarction etiologically related to atrial fibrillation and non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The main clinical manifestations were a one-month history of epigastric and left upper quadrant pain, with tenderness to palpation in the later zone. Laboratory tests revealed a slight leucocytosis (14.700) with left shift and a marked increase in LDH concentration (945 IU). Abdominal CAT and arteriography established the diagnosis, Echography proved normal. Patient evolution was satisfactory with conservative medical treatment. We conclude that splenic infarction should be considered in all cases of acute or chronic pain in the left hypochondrium. The diagnosis is established by CAT, arteriography and hepatosplenic gammagraphy. Medical management is initially advocated, surgery being reserved for those cases involving complications or in which diagnosis is not clear. Emphasis is placed on the main etiological, clinical, diagnostic and management characteristics of splenic infarction.

  19. Delay and Standard Deviation Beamforming to Enhance Specular Reflections in Ultrasound Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandaru, Raja Sekhar; Sornes, Anders Rasmus; Hermans, Jeroen; Samset, Eigil; D'hooge, Jan

    2016-12-01

    Although interventional devices, such as needles, guide wires, and catheters, are best visualized by X-ray, real-time volumetric echography could offer an attractive alternative as it avoids ionizing radiation; it provides good soft tissue contrast, and it is mobile and relatively cheap. Unfortunately, as echography is traditionally used to image soft tissue and blood flow, the appearance of interventional devices in conventional ultrasound images remains relatively poor, which is a major obstacle toward ultrasound-guided interventions. The objective of this paper was therefore to enhance the appearance of interventional devices in ultrasound images. Thereto, a modified ultrasound beamforming process using conventional-focused transmit beams is proposed that exploits the properties of received signals containing specular reflections (as arising from these devices). This new beamforming approach referred to as delay and standard deviation beamforming (DASD) was quantitatively tested using simulated as well as experimental data using a linear array transducer. Furthermore, the influence of different imaging settings (i.e., transmit focus, imaging depth, and scan angle) on the obtained image contrast was evaluated. The study showed that the image contrast of specular regions improved by 5-30 dB using DASD beamforming compared with traditional delay and sum (DAS) beamforming. The highest gain in contrast was observed when the interventional device was tilted away from being orthogonal to the transmit beam, which is a major limitation in standard DAS imaging. As such, the proposed beamforming methodology can offer an improved visualization of interventional devices in the ultrasound image with potential implications for ultrasound-guided interventions.

  20. The prognosis of posterior urethral valves, associated to vesicoureteral reflux in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masca, Aurelia; Indrei, L L; Brânzaniuc, Klara

    2011-01-01

    Posterior urethral valves represent a congenital barrier at the level of the posterior urethra, which opposes miction. They are located near the prostatic urethra, originating at the verumontanum level, affecting male patients. The ureters are inconstantly dilated; vesicoureteral reflux is met in 2/3 of the cases. The reflux can be secondary to the sub-bladder barrier, but it can also be considered primitive, determined by the intra bladder ectopy of the ureter. The presence of the reflux is interpreted as a severe associated factor. Semiology is rather unusual, positive diagnosis is based on early discovery or antenatally of the impairment, by fetal echography starting from the 28th week of pregnancy, postnatal echography followed by miction cystography, retrograde urethrography and creatinine dosage complete the diagnosis. The treatment is surgical: endoscopic ablation of the valves (in the absence of renal failure), percutaneous pyelostomy, high lateral ureterostomy, and in severe cases vesicostomy and renal transplant. Prognosis depends on how early the impairment is detected, on the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia, on the presence of the vesicoureteral reflux and the possibility of recovering renal function; 1/3 of the newborns develop in time Chronic Renal Failure which requires renal transplant. The studied group comprised male children diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux their ages ranking between 0 -18 years, admitted to the Pediatric Clinic, Tg. Mures during the last 10 years and children diagnosed and operated with posterior urethra valves at the Surgical Clinic of the "M. S. Curie" Hospital, Bucharest during the last 20 years. Our results show that out of the total number of studied children 25 presented posterior urethra valves and 9 children presented vesicoureteral reflux. We can conclude that the presence of the vesicoureteral reflux is an unfavorable prognosis regarding the degree of renal failure.

  1. Avaliação do Tratamento Clínico da Endometriose Clinical Treatment Evaluation of Endometriosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Dias de Moura

    1999-03-01

    according to a preestablished protocol were examined. Results: mean patient age was 31 years, most patients were white, with regular menstrual cycles. The most frequently observed symptoms were dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain and infertility and were mild in most of the cases. The diagnostic methods utilized were laparoscopy or echography. There was agreement between echography and laparoscopy in 96% of cases. Laparotomy was required in 28% of cases for diagnostic elucidation and/or treatment. Endometrioma was detected in 37% of the cases and endometriosis was confirmed in only 74% of the biopsies from the lesion by anatomopathological examination. There was a significant improvement with clinical treatment regardless of the drug used, with improved symptoms in approximately 50% of the patients. Assisted fertilization was performed in 34 patients, consisting of in vitro fertilization (IVF for 80% of them, with a 27% pregnancy/transfer rate. Conclusions: the diagnostic method of choice should be laparoscopy, although echography presented a high rate of agreement. Anatomopathological examination of the lesions should be used as an adjuvant method in the diagnosis since it is not confirmatory in all of the cases. Clinical treatment with assisted reproductive technologies is a good therapeutic option, especially with the use of IVF.

  2. Real-time non-rigid target tracking for ultrasound-guided clinical interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachiu, C.; Ries, M.; Ramaekers, P.; Guey, J.-L.; Moonen, C. T. W.; de Senneville, B. Denis

    2017-10-01

    Biological motion is a problem for non- or mini-invasive interventions when conducted in mobile/deformable organs due to the targeted pathology moving/deforming with the organ. This may lead to high miss rates and/or incomplete treatment of the pathology. Therefore, real-time tracking of the target anatomy during the intervention would be beneficial for such applications. Since the aforementioned interventions are often conducted under B-mode ultrasound (US) guidance, target tracking can be achieved via image registration, by comparing the acquired US images to a separate image established as positional reference. However, such US images are intrinsically altered by speckle noise, introducing incoherent gray-level intensity variations. This may prove problematic for existing intensity-based registration methods. In the current study we address US-based target tracking by employing the recently proposed EVolution registration algorithm. The method is, by construction, robust to transient gray-level intensities. Instead of directly matching image intensities, EVolution aligns similar contrast patterns in the images. Moreover, the displacement is computed by evaluating a matching criterion for image sub-regions rather than on a point-by-point basis, which typically provides more robust motion estimates. However, unlike similar previously published approaches, which assume rigid displacements in the image sub-regions, the EVolution algorithm integrates the matching criterion in a global functional, allowing the estimation of an elastic dense deformation. The approach was validated for soft tissue tracking under free-breathing conditions on the abdomen of seven healthy volunteers. Contact echography was performed on all volunteers, while three of the volunteers also underwent standoff echography. Each of the two modalities is predominantly specific to a particular type of non- or mini-invasive clinical intervention. The method demonstrated on average an accuracy of

  3. Efecto de la biomodulina T 1000 sobre el timo en niños con infecciones recurrentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia de la Caridad Christian López

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue conocer el efecto de la biomodulina t con b12 (1 000 en niños con infecciones recurrentes con una marcada disminución del área tímica (x= 520,38 +/- 187,74 mm medida por ecografía. Para ello se estudiaron un total de 104 niños eutróficos, 51 varones y 53 hembras, entre 8 meses y 6 años de edad. Se realizó valoración antropométrica y se les midió el área tímica por ecografía antes de culminado el tratamiento y después de él. La biomodulina t 1 000 se administró a 34 pacientes con periodicidad semanal, durante 16 semanas, y se logró la disminución de las infecciones recurrentes y aumento del área tímica a x= 907,35 +/- 268,0 mm. Se obtuvieron mejores resultados con el uso de esta droga en los parámetros estudiados que con el uso del levamisol (70 niños.The aim of present study was to know the effect of biomodulin T 1000 in combination with vitamin b(1000 in children presenting with recurrent infections and a significant decrease of thymic area (x=520,38 +/- 187,74 mm measured by echography. That´s why we studied a total of 104 euphoric children, 51 boys and 53 girls, from 8 months to 6 years old. Antropometric assessment was made and thymic area was measured by echography, before culminate treatment and after it. Biomodulin t 1000 was given to 34 patients with a weekly periodicity, for 16 weeks, and we found a decrease of recurrent infections and a increase of thymic area (x= 907,35 +/- 268,0 mm. Better results were obtained using this drug in study parameters than using levamisol (70 children.

  4. Efficiency evaluation of treatment of atrial rhythm disorders on the left ventricular function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alberini, J.L.; Mansour, H.; Victor, F.; De Place, C.; Carre, F.; Daubert, J.C.; Borguet, P.

    1997-01-01

    The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the development and evolution of the LV function after treatment of atrial arrhythmias, evolving for at least three months, associated to an alteration of the LV function. Twelve patients (61.3 ± 13.9 years) were divided into two groups: Gr1 - treatment by cardio-version or radiofrequency; Gr2 - pharmacological treatment or ablation of atrial-ventricular junction and implantation of a cardiac pacemaker. An examination including ECG, Holter, test-to-effort, echocardiography, cavitary angio-scintigraphy was effectuated 48 h and 6 weeks after reduction. A net clinic amelioration was observed in the evolution, confirmed by results of the echocardiographic and angio-scintigraphic examinations (with a correlation coefficient of 0.87). In exchange, between the two examinations, there is no significant difference for the test-to-effort with medium or maximal cardiac frequencies and the diameters or tele-diastolic and tele-systolic volumes for echography. After the multi-variable analysis the initial angio-scintigraphic measurement of the LV function is a good predictive factor in ameliorating the LV function in patients maintained in sinusal rhythm. In conclusion, the angio-scintigraphy permits predicting the treatment efficiency of the atrial arrhythmias on the LV function

  5. Infective endocarditis following tumor necrosis factor-α antagonist therapy for management of psoriatic erythroderma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Takuro; Kiyosawa, Jun; Fukuda, Akihiro; Watanabe, Seiji; Kurose, Nozomu; Nojima, Takayuki; Kanda, Tsugiyasu

    2017-02-09

    The introduction of biological agents, such as infliximab, which act against tumor necrosis factor-α was a major advance for the treatment of an increasing number of chronic diseases. Tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists represent a major therapeutic advance for the management of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as psoriasis. Previous studies have reported that the use of tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists increased the risk of opportunistic infections and reactivation of latent bacterial infections. Cardiac involvement, such as infective endocarditis, is very rare in the literature. A 77-year-old Asian man with a 10-year history of psoriatic erythroderma was referred due to high fever and general malaise. He was treated with Predonine (prednisolone) and infliximab. After treatment, cardiac echography showed mitral valve vegetation and brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated multiple fresh infarctions. He died from large brain infarction in October 2013. An autopsy showed fresh thrombosis in his left middle cerebral artery, mitral valve vegetations, and septic micro-embolisms in multiple organs. Lethal bacterial endocarditis was revealed after administration of tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor, infliximab, for the treatment of psoriatic erythroderma. An autopsy showed vegetation in his mitral valve and brain infarction with fresh purulent embolism in his left middle cerebral artery and septic micro-embolisms.

  6. Atrial septostomy in patients with end-stage pulmonary hypertension. No more needles but wires, energy and close anatomical definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baglini, Roberto

    2013-02-01

    To assess the usefulness of a new approach to atrial septal puncture and septostomy in patients with end-stage pulmonary hypertension. Atrial septostomy in end-stage pulmonary hypertension has high mortality and morbidity rates mainly due to trans-septal catheterization. New approaches to safety during this technical step are expected. Twelve patients with end-stage pulmonary arterial hypertension (5 males, 7 females, mean age 41, 9 ± 12, 0 years) underwent to balloon atrial septostomy. Intracardiac echography (ICE) was used to localize fossa ovalis while a radiofrequency wire was used to perforate the atrial septum. Then a septostomy was performed by progressive balloon dilatation of atrial septum. Septal perforation was successful at the first attempt in 4 patients and after 5 attempts in a single case, while Bas was successful in all. Pericardial effusion did not develop in any patient. Complications consisted in transient supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, transient cerebral ischemia and severe hypoxemia with ventricular tachycardia in 3 single patients. In-procedure death rate was 0%. Systemic cardiac output increased immediately, while systemic O2 saturation decreased significantly in all. Mean follow-up was 8, 2 ± 3, 8 months. Mortality was 16.6% (2 patients). NYHA class improved in the rest of patients. Four patients (33.2%) underwent to pulmonary transplant successfully. This novel approach for trans-septal catheterization has shown very low rate of major complication during atrial septostomy in patients with end-stage pulmonary arterial hypertension. © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. [Pulmonary hypertension: definition, diagnostic and new classification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seferian, Andrei; Simonneau, Gérald

    2014-09-01

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH): mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥ 25 mm Hg on right heart catheterization at rest. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH): mPAP ≥ 25 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) ≤ 15 mm Hg and pulmonary vascular resistances (PVR) >3 Wood units. Patients with compatible symptoms (exertional dyspnea, syncopes, signes of right heart failure) can show signs of PH on cardiac echography and therefore need to be investigated in search of the cause of PH. After ruling out the frequent causes of PH (left heart and chronic respiratory diseases), the V/Q lung scan is used to screen for patients with post-embolic PH, that need to be further investigated hemodynamically and radiologically in order to decide operability. For the rest of the patients, only right heart catheterization can identify patients with precapillary PH and these patients must be further evaluated (clinically, by blood samples and by imaging techniques) in order to be classified in one the PH groups of the classification. For the future the discovery of novel risk factors and understanding the mechanism involved with the already known ones represent two major points of research. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Renal imaging with radionuclides, ultrasound, and computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kahn, P.C.

    1979-01-01

    Nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and computed tomography have all contributed greatly to the diagnosis and understanding of renal disease. The /sup 99m/Tc-glucoheptonate scan is a multipurpose test for evaluating blood flow, cortical function and excretion, and the location of renal tissue. It is especially useful in renal trauma and vascular disease, congenital anomalies, and pseudomasses. Technetium-99m diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) is most helpful in evaluating obstruction and reflux, and 67 Ga citrate has a major role in inflammatory disease. The gray-scale ultrasound examination helps to characterize masses as cysts, abscesses, or tumors, and is particularly helpful in localization for aspiration, biopsy, or drainage procedures. Its total innocuousness makes echography useful for sequential follow-up in hydronephrosis and masses. Computed tomography with a fast scanner allows the identification of small lesions, and gives the most anatomic information. It permits the differentiation of fat from pelvic tumors and small cysts from neoplasms, and clearly identifies perirenal structures. With contrast enhancement, additional information about the vascularity of lesions is obtained. Although these tests use different physical principles and instruments, the data they provide are often similar, and for practical purposes the use of one modality may preclude the use of others. Difficult judgments are required to make certain that the proper examination or sequence of examinations is done in each case

  9. [The local anesthesia for the prostatic biopsies echo-guided: forward-looking randomized study comparing two methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moudouni, S M; Zahraoui, M R; Adarmouch, L; Lakmichi, M A; Bentani, N; Jarir, R; Dahami, Z; Amine, M; Sarf, I

    2014-02-01

    The realization of the prostatic biopsies is a painful act. The objective of our work was to compare the analgesic efficiency of the injection of the lidocaine at the level of periprostatics laterals and apical areas compared with the use of gel of lidocaine intrarectal associated with the taking of oral tramadol. Between November 2007 and December 2009, 60 patients admitted in the service of urology of the university hospital Mohammed VI of Marrakesh for prostatic biopsies were randomized in two groups. The group 1 (30 patients) received two tablets from tramadol 50mg with 10 mL of gel of lidocaine 2% intrarectal while 30 patients of the group 2 received 10 mL from lidocaine 2% injected at the level of periprostatics laterals and apicales. The pain was estimated by a visual analog scale (AVS) at the introduction of the probe of echography (AVS 1), at the time of the biopsy (AVS 2) and 20 minutes later (AVS 3). There was no significant difference between both groups concerning AVS 1 means. The average score of the pain was significantly lower in the group 2 for the AVS 2 and AVS 3. The periprostatics anesthesia assured a better control of the pain at the time of the prostatic biopsy and 20 minutes later, without increase of the complications. We recommend it to decrease the pain and the discomfort related to this technique. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Calf tissue liquid stowage and muscular and deep vein distension in orthostatic tests after a 90-day head down bed rest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbeille, P.A.; Kerbeci, P.; Audebert, P.; Capri, A.; Pascaud, L.

    2005-08-01

    The objectives were to assess the contribution of (1) the calf veins distension and(2) the tissue liquid stowage during standtest, to orthostatic intolerance "OI" after a head down bed rest (HDBR) of 90days. Method: The population consisted of a control group (Co-gr, n=9) and an exercise Fly wheel counter-measure group (CM-gr, n=9). Calf vein cross sectional area (CSA) and surrounding tissue liquid content (tissue image darkness) were assessed by echography during pre and post HDBR stand-tests. Results: From supine to standing (post HDBR), the Tibial and muscular vein CSA increased significantly in non tolerant subjects whereas in tolerant subjects the vein CSA did not change. Post HDBR the tissue image darkness (proportional to tissue liquid content) increased more from supine to standing in non tolerant than in tolerant subjects. No significant difference were found between Co and exercise CM groups. Conclusion: High calf vein CSA and tissue liquid content increase at post-HDBR stand-test were significantly correlated with occurrence of OI but not with CM.

  11. Involvement of Proteasome and Macrophages M2 in the Protection Afforded by Telmisartan against the Acute Myocardial Infarction in Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats with Metabolic Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Di Filippo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the involvement of proteasome and macrophages M2 in the protection afforded by telmisartan against the acute myocardial infarction in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF rats with metabolic syndrome. ZDF rats were treated for three weeks with telmisartan at doses of 7 and 12 mg/kg/day. After treatment, rats were subjected to a 25 min occlusion of the left descending coronary artery followed by 2 h reperfusion (I/R. At the end of the I/R period, biochemical, immunohistochemical, and echocardiographic evaluations were done. Telmisartan treatment (7 mg/kg and 12 mg/kg reduced the myocardial infarct size, the expression of proteasome subunits 20S and 26S, and the protein ubiquitin within the heart. The compound has led to an increased M2 macrophage phenotype within the cardiac specimens and a modification of the cardiac cytokine and chemokine profile. This was functionally translated in improved cardiac performance as evidenced by echography after 2 h reperfusion. 7 mg/kg/day telmisartan was sufficient to improve the left ventricular ejection fraction LVEF of the rat heart recorded after I/R (e.g., vehicle 38 ± 2.2%; telmisartan 54 ± 2.7% and was sufficient to improve the diastolic function and the myocardial performance index up to values of 0.6 ± 0.01 measured after I/R.

  12. Systemic sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure: about 12 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Mamlouk, Habiba; Turki, Sami; Kheder, Adel

    2015-01-01

    The sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatosis affecting most frequently the lungs and the mediastinum. An acute renal failure reveals exceptionally this disease. It's a retrospective study implicating 12 cases of sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to determine epidemiological, clinical, biological and histological profile in these cases and then to indicate the interest to consider the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in cases of unexplained renal failure. Extra-renal complications, therapeutic modalities and the outcome were determined in all patients. Our series involved 12 women with an average age of 40 years. Biological investigations showed an abnormal normocalcemia in 7 cases, a hypercalcemia in 5 cases, a hypercalciuria in 10 cases and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia in 7 cases. An acute renal failure was found in all patients with a median creatinin of 520 umol/L. For all patients, the renal echography was normal however, the kidney biopsy showed tubulo-interstitial nephritis. The extra-renal signs highlighting pulmonary interstitial syndrome in 5 cases, a sicca syndrome in 4 cases, mediastinal lymph nodes in 2 cases, a lymphocytic alveolitis in 3 cases, an anterior granulomatous uveitis in 2 cases and a polyarthritis in 5 cases. Five patients benefited of hemodialysis. The treatment consisted of corticosteroid in all cases. The follow up was marked by complete resolution of clinical and biological signs. The diagnosis of renal sarcoidosis must be done quickly to prevent renal failure.

  13. [Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein (pylephlebitis): diagnosis and management of three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteche, E; Ostiz, S; Miranda, L; Caballero, P; Jiménez López de Oñate, G

    2005-01-01

    Pylephlebitis is thrombophlebitis of the portal vein and/or of its branches; it is acute and generally arises as a complication of inflammatory intra-abdominal processes or of surgical interventions in patients with blood discrasies. As its clinical picture is fairly non-specific, radiological findings, while not pathognomonic, are of great use in early diagnosis and improved vital prognosis of these patients. The aims of this study are to review the pathophysiology of this entity and its clinical and radiological presentation, which allow for early clinical suspicion. Three cases of pylephlebitis are presented, two of them post-surgical, in which the only common clinical data for suspicion were the febricula and leucocytosis. Diagnosis was obtained from the finding of helicoidal computer tomography with IV contrast - Somaton Siemens - and abdominal echography - Ellegra Siemens - carried out on the three. The result of these tests was decisive for an early diagnosis, efficient treatment and satisfactory evolution in the three cases. We wish to emphasize the importance of clinical suspicion and early radiology for an early diagnosis of this entity, which make it possible to establish an efficient treatment.

  14. [Clinical and etiologic study of 90 cases of chronic diarrhea].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farfán Flores, G; Sánchez, G; Tello, R; Villanueva, G

    1993-01-01

    90 patients with chronic diarrhoea underwent this prospective study. They were seen in a private hospital of Lima during 1990 and 1991. According to a methodologic plan for determining sources and the diseases that originate chronic diarrhoea. In all patients hematologic, bioquimic, coprocultures, coproparasitologic exams were done, chest and intestinal transit X-rays. All underwent duodenal content culture. Colon X-ray in 25 cases; proctosigmoidoscopy in 14 and upper digestive endoscopy in 19 patients. Abdominal echography in 12 and TAC in 2 cases. The final results showed as determinant diseases for chronic diarrhoea, according to their frequency: enteroparasitosis (23.3%), functional digestive disorders (20.0%), intestinal bacterial overpopulation (15.5%) of unknown origin (8.8%), colon diverticulus (7.7%) proven and probably (5.5%), lactose intolerance (3.3%), diabetes mellitus (2.2%), and in one case (1.1%) the following: intestinal linfoma, pancreas malignancy, AIDS, colonic and deformation and megaloblastic anemia. The causes of chronic diarrhoea are several and multifactorals and in this study we prove the preeminence of the intestinal parasitosis, functional disorders and intestinal bacterial overpopulation and with less frequency other pathologies.

  15. SatCom Systems for Health and Medical Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diez, Hubert

    2002-01-01

    Convinced since 1997 that the satellite was capable of providing a real added value either autonomously or as a complement to terrestrial infrastructures, CNES (the French Space Agency) began a determined study, validation and demonstration procedure for new satellite services. At a national but also European and worldwide level, several experiments or projects have been set-up. In each of them (tele-consultations, distant education, tele-epidemiology, tele-echography, assistance to people, training and therapeutic assistance, disaster telemedicine, etc...) well suited satcoms are used. (telecommunications for broadcasting, multicasting, downloading,...- localization, positioning, - low medium and high data rate bidirectional systems,). Medical reference people are associated in each pilot projects first to define the needs but also to manage the medical validation aspects. Our aim is always to test, validate and adapt these new services to bring them into line with the users' expectations. The value added of these technologies in sustainable healthcare services are systematically demonstrated in real situations, with real users, both in terms of quality of service and of economic validity. For several projects CNES has developed typical hardware, or technical on as technical platform. The main projects and their relevant satcom systems will be presented and discussed : - Tele-consultation, - Distance learning and training, - Assistance to people, - Tele-epidemiology, - Disaster telemedicine.

  16. Fractal dimension analysis of malignant and benign endobronchial ultrasound nodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fiz, José Antonio; Monte-Moreno, Enrique; Andreo, Felipe; Auteri, Santiago José; Sanz-Santos, José; Serra, Pere; Bonet, Gloria; Castellà, Eva; Manzano, Juan Ruiz

    2014-01-01

    Endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) has been applied as a routine procedure for the diagnostic of hiliar and mediastinal nodes. The authors assessed the relationship between the echographic appearance of mediastinal nodes, based on endobronchial ultrasound images, and the likelihood of malignancy. The images of twelve malignant and eleven benign nodes were evaluated. A previous processing method was applied to improve the quality of the images and to enhance the details. Texture and morphology parameters analyzed were: the image texture of the echographies and a fractal dimension that expressed the relationship between area and perimeter of the structures that appear in the image, and characterizes the convoluted inner structure of the hiliar and mediastinal nodes. Processed images showed that relationship between log perimeter and log area of hilar nodes was lineal (i.e. perimeter vs. area follow a power law). Fractal dimension was lower in the malignant nodes compared with non-malignant nodes (1.47(0.09), 1.53(0.10) mean(SD), Mann–Whitney U test p < 0.05)). Fractal dimension of ultrasonographic images of mediastinal nodes obtained through endobronchial ultrasound differ in malignant nodes from non-malignant. This parameter could differentiate malignat and non-malignat mediastinic and hiliar nodes

  17. Evaluation of degenerative changes in articular cartilage of osteoarthritis by Raman spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oshima, Yusuke; Ishimaru, Yasumitsu; Kiyomatsu, Hiroshi; Hino, Kazunori; Miura, Hiromasa

    2018-02-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a very common joint disease in the aging population. Main symptom of OA is accompanied by degenerative changes of articular cartilage. Cartilage contains mostly type II collagen and proteoglycans, so it is difficult to access the quality and morphology of cartilage tissue in situ by conventional diagnostic tools (X-ray, MRI and echography) directly or indirectly. Raman spectroscopy is a label-free technique which enables to analyze molecular composition in degenerative cartilage. In this proposal, we aim to develop Raman spectroscopic system for the quality assessment of articular cartilage during arthroscopic surgery. Toward this goal, we are focusing on the proteoglycan content and collagen fiber alignment in cartilage matrix which may be associated with degenerative changes in OA, and we designed an original Raman device for remote sensing during arthroscopic surgery. In this project, we define the grading system for cartilage defect based on Raman spectroscopy, and we complete the evaluation of the Raman probing system which makes it possible to detect early stage of degenerative cartilage as a novel tool for OA diagnosis using human subject.

  18. Local graft irradiation in renal transplant rejection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawamura, Masashi; Kataoka, Masaaki; Itoh, Hisao

    1990-01-01

    From 1977 to 1988, of 142 renal transplantations, seven recipients (4.9%) received local graft irradiation following rejective reaction refractory to antirejection medical managements. Concurrent with the administration of pulsed high dose methylprednisolone and other antirejection medical managements, the graft was irradiated with a total dose of 6.0 Gy-150 cGy per fraction every other day at the midplane of the graft using two opposing portals of 4MX Linac. The fields were defined by palpation and echography. All patients had improvements in serum creatinine on the 10th day after beginning the irradiation. Four patients with peripheral lymphocytosis during the irradiation combined with pulsed high dose methylprednisolone improved in renal functions. On the other hand, out of 3 patients with lymphcytopenic changes, in two the transplanted graft was removed due to deteriorations, and the other patient is currently suffering from chronic rejection. Local graft irradiation can be useful in maintaining a rejective graft and reversing its functions in some patients whose rejective reaction failed to respond to the antirejection medical managements. (author)

  19. Studies of diagnostic imaging and surgical treatment on patients with pancreatic cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koh, Koichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Okumura, Shuichi

    1987-01-01

    A retrospective study of 36 cases of pancreatic cyst treated during the recent 13 years was performed from the aspects of imaging and treatment. Visualization of the internal structure by abdominal echography and CT was rare in inflammatory cysts, but frequent in neoplastic cysts. Differentiation between mucous and serous cystadenoma on the basis of properties was possible. Retrograde pancreatography, which disclosed the entire pancreatic ductal system, was important in determining surgical procedure. Angiography was effective for differentiating between benign and malignant cysts, even though some of the inflammatory cysts suggested malignant findings. The most frequent therapy in cases of inflammatory cyst was internal fistulization, with additional side-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy as a procedure for underlying chronic pancreatitis. Neoplastic cysts were resected in all cases, and the procedure for pancreatic cancer was modified for use in the cases of cystic adenocarcinoma. The remote postoperative results in the cases of inflammatory cyst were satisfactory: symptomatic improvement was found in 83.1 % of patients and occupational rehabilitation in 70.6 %. All of the three patients with cystic adenocarcinoma are well, including the one surviving a maximum period of 4 years and 10 months. (author)

  20. Studies of diagnostic imaging and surgical treatment on patients with pancreatic cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koh, K.; Yamamoto, M.; Okumura, S.

    1987-04-01

    A retrospective study of 36 cases of pancreatic cyst treated during the recent 13 years was performed from the aspects of imaging and treatment. Visualization of the internal structure by abdominal echography and CT was rare in inflammatory cysts, but frequent in neoplastic cysts. Differentiation between mucous and serous cystadenoma on the basis of properties was possible. Retrograde pancreatography, which disclosed the entire pancreatic ductal system, was important in determining surgical procedure. Angiography was effective for differentiating between benign and malignant cysts, even though some of the inflammatory cysts suggested malignant findings. The most frequent therapy in cases of inflammatory cyst was internal fistulization, with additional side-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy as a procedure for underlying chronic pancreatitis. Neoplastic cysts were resected in all cases, and the procedure for pancreatic cancer was modified for use in the cases of cystic adenocarcinoma. The remote postoperative results in the cases of inflammatory cyst were satisfactory: symptomatic improvement was found in 83.1 % of patients and occupational rehabilitation in 70.6 %. All of the three patients with cystic adenocarcinoma are well, including the one surviving a maximum period of 4 years and 10 months.

  1. Evaluation of Contrast MR Angiography in the Study of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis. Systematic Review of the Literature; Evaluacion de la estenosis de la arteria carotida interna por angiografia REM con contraste: revision sistematica de la bibliografia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Perez, P.; Martinez Cantarero, J. [Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid (Spain); Ruiz Diaz, M.; Blazquez Morera, J. A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain); Llano Senaris, J. E. de [Fundacion Gaspar Casal. Madrid (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic benefit of using contrast MR Angiography (MRA) in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis as opposed to intraarterial digital subtraction arteriography (LADSA). A search for relevant articles from 1990 to 2000 using MDLINE and EMBASE databases. Initial selection criteria: 1. articles which compare MRA and IADSA in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis; and 2, sample size of 10 or more subjects. Studies employing contrast MRA were subsequently selected. Contrast MRA diagnostic results were studied, as were those of non-contrast MRA (TOF) if included. Roc curves and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. In the studies, 324 patients and 648 extracranial internal carotid arteries were evaluated (12 articles). The diagnostic results in carotid artery stenosis discrimination using contrast MRA as opposed to IADSA were sensitivity and specificity=97.28% and 96.08%. With regard to contrast MRA vs. non-contrast MRA (TOF), significant differences favoring contrast MRA in both sensitivity and specificity were observed. (p=0.08 and p<0.001, respectively). MRA techniques demonstrate very high diagnostic capabilities in the detection of carotid stenosis, with contrast MRA being more effective than non-contrast. MRA. In spite of not being superior to IADSA, given the morbimortality risk which the latter is associated (0.7-1.2%). many authors defend contrast MRA (in association with Doppler echography) having become the method of choice for presurgical study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis. (Author) 53 refs.

  2. Evaluation of Contrast MR Angiography in the Study of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis. Systematic Review of the Literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez Perez, P.; Martinez Cantarero, J.; Ruiz Diaz, M.; Blazquez Morera, J. A.; Llano Senaris, J. E. de

    2004-01-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic benefit of using contrast MR Angiography (MRA) in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis as opposed to intraarterial digital subtraction arteriography (LADSA). A search for relevant articles from 1990 to 2000 using MDLINE and EMBASE databases. Initial selection criteria: 1. articles which compare MRA and IADSA in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis; and 2, sample size of 10 or more subjects. Studies employing contrast MRA were subsequently selected. Contrast MRA diagnostic results were studied, as were those of non-contrast MRA (TOF) if included. Roc curves and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. In the studies, 324 patients and 648 extracranial internal carotid arteries were evaluated (12 articles). The diagnostic results in carotid artery stenosis discrimination using contrast MRA as opposed to IADSA were sensitivity and specificity=97.28% and 96.08%. With regard to contrast MRA vs. non-contrast MRA (TOF), significant differences favoring contrast MRA in both sensitivity and specificity were observed. (p=0.08 and p<0.001, respectively). MRA techniques demonstrate very high diagnostic capabilities in the detection of carotid stenosis, with contrast MRA being more effective than non-contrast. MRA. In spite of not being superior to IADSA, given the morbimortality risk which the latter is associated (0.7-1.2%). many authors defend contrast MRA (in association with Doppler echography) having become the method of choice for presurgical study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis. (Author) 53 refs

  3. Increased Incidence of Interatrial Block in Younger Adults with Cryptogenic Stroke and Patent Foramen Ovale

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    P.E. Cotter

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Stroke is often unexplained in younger adults, although it is often associated with a patent foramen ovale (PFO. The reason for the association is not fully explained, and mechanisms other than paradoxical embolism may be involved. Young stroke patients with PFO have more atrial vulnerability than those without PFO. It is plausible that stretching of the interatrial septum may disrupt the interatrial conduction pathways causing interatrial block (IAB. IAB is associated with atrial fibrillation, dysfunctional left atria and stroke. Methods: Electrocardiogram (ECG characteristics of prospectively recruited young patients (≤55 years of age with unexplained stroke (TOAST and A-S-C-O were compared with control data. All stroke cases underwent bubble contrast transthoracic and transoesophageal echography. IAB was defined as a P-wave duration of ≧110 ms. ECG data were converted to electronic format and analysed in a blind manner. Results: Fifty-five patients and 23 datasets were analysed. Patients with unexplained stroke had longer P-wave duration (p = 0.013 and a greater prevalence of IAB (p = 0.02 than healthy controls. Case status was an independent predictor of P-wave duration in a significant multivariate model. There was a significant increase in the proportion of cases with a PFO with IAB compared with cases without PFO and with controls (p = 0.005. Conclusions: Young patients with unexplained stroke, particularly those with PFO, exhibit abnormal atrial electrical characteristics suggesting atrial arrhythmia or atrial dysfunction as a possible mechanism of stroke.

  4. Influence of the menstrual cycle on compression-induced pain during mammography: correlation with the thickness and volume of the mammary gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitaoka, Hitomi; Kawashima, Hiroko

    2018-03-01

    In mammography, breast compression is necessary and an important factor influencing image quality. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the menstrual cycle on compression-induced pain during mammography and to evaluate the association between the thickness and volume of the mammary gland and pain. We examined basal body temperature and categorized the menstrual cycle into five phases. We executed breast compression in the craniocaudal view using a customized compression plate, to which we introduced an opening. We measured the thickness of the mammary gland under compression using echography. Immediately after releasing the compression, we evaluated pain using the visual analogue scale. We performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on the same day and measured the volume of the mammary gland. The thickness of the mammary gland, pain, and the volume of the mammary gland were minimal in the late follicular phase and maximal in the late luteal and early follicular phases. It was shown that the changes in the thickness and volume of the mammary gland during the menstrual cycle accounted for the changes in compression-induced pain. On MRI examination of each breast quadrant, the same changes were observed in areas A and C. In area A, it was shown that both the anatomical characteristics and the increase in volume of the mammary gland were associated with pain. We concluded that the late follicular phase constitutes the optimal timing for mammography.

  5. An unhealthy holiday on Lake Bolsena

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    Lucio Brugioni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A 70-year old man (OL was hospitalized due to fever (up to 40°C associated with malaise and abdominal pain. Tests showed hypereosinophilic syndrome, and increased liver and inflammation indexes. Abdominal echography showed a nonhomogeneous liver and the spleen was enlarged. Abdominal computed tomography showed multiple abscesses on the liver. The patient reported that he had recently gone on holiday to Lake Bolsena where he had eaten raw fish. A specialist in infectious diseases confirmed that in that area there is an infestation of Opisthorchis felineus. Analysis of blood and stool samples confirmed the presence of this parasite. The patient was treated with praziquantel with resolution of fever and improvement in clinical tests and general condition. Opisthorchis felineus is a parasite that commonly infects dogs and cats. Infection is sometimes transmitted to man and is usually related to eating raw fish. The parasite enters the liver and its eggs are found in the patient’s stool samples. Acute symptoms are: fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and malaise. Hypereosinophilic syndrome and increase in liver index are typical. Chronic infection could result in cholangiocarcinoma. Presence of the parasite is confirmed through specific analysis of blood and stool. Therapy consists of praziquantel or, as second choice, abendazol. In the 20th century, there were 4 epidemics in Italy, on Lakes Trasimeno and Bolsena in Central Italy. The latest epidemic was reported in that area in summer 2012.

  6. [CBO guideline 'Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism; revision of the earlier guidelines. Dutch Organization for Quality Assurance in Hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büller, H R; van der Meer, J; Oudkerk, M

    2000-08-05

    Diagnosis of clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis is based on a clinical score, serial compression ultrasonography and D-dimer assay. For the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism perfusion scintigraphy, ventilation scintigraphy, echography of the leg veins and pulmonary angiography in that order lead to the lowest mortality, morbidity and costs. Diagnostics with spiral CT followed by pulmonary angiography leads to equal mortality and fewer angiography procedures. Decision rules based on anamnesis, physical examination, blood gas analysis and chest radiograph have proved to be insufficiently reliable. The present D-dimer assays have too little sensitivity and too much variability. Thrombo-prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin is indicated for general surgery, joint replacement of the knee or hip, cranial and spinal surgery, subarachnoid haemorrhage after surgical treatment of an aneurysm, acute myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke or spinal cord lesion, intensive care patients, patients with acute paralysis due to a neuromuscular disorder, and bedridden patients with a risk factor. Prophylaxis has to be continued as long as the indication exists. In the acute phase of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism treatment with (low-molecular-weight) heparin in an adequate dose is necessary. When started at the same time as coumarin derivatives the treatment with heparin has to be continued for at least 5 days. The risk of postthrombotic syndrome after deep venous thrombosis will be lowered by carrying compression stockings for at least 2 years after the event.

  7. Imaging of acute traumatic injuries of the thoracic aorta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wintermark, Max; Wicky, Stefan; Schnyder, Pierre

    2002-01-01

    Blunt traumatic aortic injuries are a major concern in the settings of high-speed deceleration accidents, since they are associated with a very high mortality rate; however, with prompt diagnosis and surgery, 70% of the patients with a blunt aortic lesion who reach the hospital alive will survive. This statement challenges the emergency radiologist in charge to evaluate the admission radiological survey in a severe chest trauma patient. With a 95% negative predictive value for the identification of blunt traumatic aortic lesions, plain chest film represents an adequate screening test. If aortography remains the gold standard, it tends, at least in hemodynamically stable trauma patients, to be replaced by spiral-CT angiography (SCTA), which demonstrates a 96.2% sensitivity, a 99.8% specificity, and a 99.7% accuracy. In unstable patients, trans-esophageal echography (TEE) plays a major diagnostic role. Knowledge of advantages and pitfalls of these imaging techniques, as reviewed in this article, will help the emergency radiologist to choose the appropriate algorithm in the diagnosis of traumatic aortic injury, for each trauma patient. (orig.)

  8. CT in diseases of the kidney and suprarenal glands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baert, A.L.; Marchal, G.; Coenen, Y.; Wilms, G.; Jeanmart, L.; Osteaux, M.; Struyven, I.

    1979-01-01

    On the basis on a series of 312 CT examinations of the renal and suprarenal area performed with a second generation scanner, criteria for the differentiation between the different renal space-occupying masses are suggested. It appears that cystic lesions can be accurately demonstrated due to their low attenuation values compared with the normal renal parenchyma. In conclusion, the authors define the precise role of CT examination as follows: In suspicion of renal or suprarenal space-occupying lesions, echography remains the first examination indicated after conventional urography. If a typical cystic image is found on ultrasound and then CT as well, more invasive examination can usually be obviated. Investigative methods, such as angiography or retrograde pyelography are indicated only when a disordance between ultrasound, CT, and clinical data appears regarding the cystic nature or when a solid space-occupying lesion is suspected. As for perirenal pathalogy, CT proves to be more valuable than ultrasound since it provides an obviously better visualization of the topography and extension of these lesions. (orig.) 891 MG/orig. 892 MB [de

  9. A patient with Graves’ disease showing only psychiatric symptoms and negativity for both TSH receptor autoantibody and thyroid stimulating antibody

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    Hamasaki Hidetaka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Both thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH and thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb negative Graves’s disease (GD is extremely rare. Here we present such a patient. Case presentation The patient was a 76-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having schizophrenia forty years ago. She did not show characteristic symptoms for hyperthyroidism, such as swelling of thyroid, exophthalmos, tachycardia and tremor, however, she showed only psychomotor agitation. Serum free triiodothyronine and free thyroxine levels were elevated and TSH level was suppressed, suggesting the existence of hyperthyroidism. However, both the first generation TSH receptor autoantibody (TRAb1 and the thyroid stimulating autoantibody (TSAb were negative. Slightly increased blood flow and swelling was detected by thyroid echography. Thyroid scintigraphy demonstrated diffuse and remarkably elevated uptake of 123I uptake. Finally, we diagnosed her as having GD. She was treated by using methimazole, and hyperthyroidism and her psychiatric symptoms were promptly ameliorated. Discussion We experienced a patient with GD who did not show characteristic symptoms except for psychiatric symptoms, and also showed negativity for both TRAb1 and TSAb. Thyroid autoantibody-negative GD is extremely rare. Thyroid scintigraphy was useful to diagnose such a patient.

  10. [A case of breast cancer postoperative metastases to the liver obtained cCR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enomoto, Katsuhisa; Sakurai, Kenichi

    2011-11-01

    A case is a 55-year-old woman. We noticed the right breast lump in May 2006. It was papillotubular carcinoma, ER(-), PgR -), HER2 (3+) by needle biopsy. The patient was introduced to our department in November 2006 for a close inspection and treatment. The palpation showed a mass without a firm flexibility, which was a border indistinctness of about 2 cm in size in the right AB area. We did not find a distant metastasis either. We operated for Bt+Ax (level II) in December. It was T2N0M0, stage IIA papillotubular carcinoma, ER(-), PgR(-), HER2 (3+) with histopathology. We recommended an adjuvant therapy but the patient refused. Since then we followed her up. After two years from the operation, multiple metastases were observed to the liver, FEC therapy was started. CT revealed that metastasized tumors were disappeared after six courses of treatment. Echography obtained cCR. Generally speaking, chemotherapy was effective for breast cancer as we compared it to endemic cancer of other organs. Meanwhile, it has been reported that many kinds of newly developed medicines for the treatment are available and effective. On the other hand, a selection of therapeutic drugs could be a problem for metastasized organs.

  11. Spleen and thymic sonography as estimator of the immune response in children with repeated infections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rabaza, Jesus; Fundora, Hermes; Rodriguez, Alexis; Hernandez, Maria de los Angeles

    2010-01-01

    The spleen is a secondary lymphoid organ. The spleen has many functions: IgM class antibody production and phagocytosis of encapsulated bacteria. We propose to measure the dimensions of the spleen in children with repeated infections, in order to describe them as a diagnosis marker and to explore the probable correlation between the thymic characteristics and the dimensions of the spleen. We study 81 patients that attended the consultation of Immunology from Aballi hospital with repeated infections and they were from 8 months to 9 years old. Children with nutritional value up to the third percentile and those taking steroids 45 days before the study were excluded. We measured the thymic and splenic areas by mediastinal and abdominal echography. The length, the splenic index and the weight are less in patients with repeated infections. These data were significant in 12 to 23 month of age group. The length and the splenic index were less in patients with depletion of thymic area. The sonographic evaluation of the spleen is very important in patients from 1 to 2 years old and in patients with thymic depletion, because they are on the age of vaccine administration according to the Cuban schedule and having affected a main organ for immune response might be a reason for them to show a deficient response and need special schedules

  12. [Recurrent chronic parotiditis in childhood: An update of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoso-Hofer, Francisca; Gutiérrez Díaz, Rodrigo; Ortiz Cárdenas, Rodrigo; Osorio Herrera, Gustavo; Landaeta Mendoza, Mirtha

    2017-01-01

    Recurrent childhood chronic parotiditis (RCCP) is a relevant pathology. Its diagnosis is mainly clinical, but it relies on imaging tests. The current treatment approach is diverse. The aim of this article is to update the clinical features, complementary tests, etiopathogenic models and therapeutic protocols of this disease. A bibliographic search was performed in PUBMED using the free terms and MESH terms: RCCP, recurrent parotiditis, chronic parotiditis and parotiditis. The filters used were human patients, up to 18 years old, with abstract. In SCIELO the free terms included were Parotiditis and chronic. Articles published in English, Spanish or Portuguese until 2017 were included. In PUBMED 119 articles were found and 44 were included. The exclusion of the remaining articles was due to language, access to the article or absence of relationship between the article and the proposed revision. In SCIELO 6 articles were found 6 of which 5 were selected. The multidisciplinary asses of patients with RCCP is considered the appropriate treatment. Its diagnosis is clinical but it relies on imaging tests, such as echography and sialography. The current treatment approach is conservative, and the best available evidence supports the use of sialendoscopy with irrigation and administration of antibiotics and/or corticosteroids via the parotid duct. However, there would be proper results with intraglandular lavage with physiological solutions without the need for a sialendoscope.

  13. [Papillary thyroid carcinoma in a child with congenital dyshormonogenetic hypothyroidism. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orellana, María José; Fulle, Angelo; Carrillo, Diego; Escobar, Lucía; Ebensperger, Alicia; Martínez, Raúl; Rumié Carmi, Hana

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare childhood disease. The development of PTC in dyshormonogenetic congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is infrequent, with very few case reports in literature. To report a case of PTC in a boy with dyshormonogenetic CH without goitre and exposed to ionising radiation. To evaluate relationships between these factors and development of PTC. We present a boy with dyshormonogenetic CH since birth. Early hormonal substitution was initiated, with subsequent normal levels of thyrotropin and thyroid hormones. He has also congenital cardiomyopathy, exposed to interventional treatment with 10 heart catheterisations, and approximately 26 chest X-rays at paediatric doses. A thyroid nodule was found in thyroid echography at the age of 6 years old. Fine needle aspiration biopsy confirmed high probability of thyroid carcinoma (Bethesda 5). The pre-surgical thorax and cerebral scan showed no evidence of metastasis. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy. Pathological examination revealed a 0.5cm papillary thyroid micro-carcinoma in the right lobe, with no evidence of dissemination. Genetic mutations and radiation exposure may play an important role in the development of PTC. There may be common pathways between dyshormonogenetic CH and thyroid carcinoma that need further investigation. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Paradoxical Decrease in the size of Two of 54 BI-RADS Category 5 Non-Palpable Breast MASSES After FNA. analysis of Cytohistological changes Attributable to FNA and Possible Mammographic and Echographic Repurcussions; Disinucion paradojica del tamno en dos de 54 masas mamarias no palpable BI-RADS V tras las realizacion de una PAAF. Analisis de los cambios citohistologicos atribuibles a la PAAF y su posible repercusion mamografica y ecografica

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    Echevarria, J. J.; Lopez, J. A.; Aguirre, I.; Fernandez, Z.; Aperribay, A.; Saiz, A. [Hospital de Galdakao. Galdakao. Vizcaya (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    To analyze mammographic and echographic changes observed in suspicious breast masses previously studied by means of Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA), and the latter's hypothetical relationship to tissular changes attributable to such intervention. We evaluated 54 BI-RADS category 5 non-palpable masses detected in routine mimeographs, on which were performed surgical biopsies after having undergone FNA. We studied all mammographic and echographic findings, as well as tumor sizes, before and after puncture. We also checked all surgical biopsies in order to verify histological changes likely provoked by FNA. We analysed 3 ductal carcinomas in situ, 50 infiltrating neoplasia and one fibroadenoma. Only in 2 infiltrating carcinomas did we observe paradoxical changes such as size reduction in the mammography and echography after FNA, Nevertheless, in anatomopathological studies we found changes attributable to puncture in 18 cases, all involving inflammatory reactions and 3 of which showed necrosis. Inflammatory phenomena or tumor necrosis which can reasonably be attributed to FNA may on occasion be associated with radiological changes such as size reduction in the masses being studies. (Author) 27 refs.

  15. Present status of doctors' awareness for radiation-induced carotid artery disease in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taguchi, Yoshiharu; Takashima, Shutaro; Tanaka, Kortaro

    2013-01-01

    Radiation-induced carotid artery disease (RCAD) often develops in patients who have received neck radiotherapy for the treatment of various malignant tumors. However, the doctors who ordered or performed neck radiotherapy seem to pay little attention to RCAD which may subsequently occur, and the present status of the awareness in these doctors for RCAD is unclear in Japan. Therefore, we conducted a questionnaire survey of the present status of these doctors' awareness for RCAD. A questionnaire form regarding the recognition of RCAD was sent to 368 departments of otolaryngology, oral surgery, or radiology of university hospitals in Japan. Responses to the questionnaire were received from 213 of the 368 departments of otolaryngology, oral surgery or radiology of university hospitals (response collection rate: 57.9%). One hundred and sixty-one departments (75.9%) were aware of the existence of RCAD, but only 20 departments (9.4%) conducted regular examinations for RCAD after neck radiotherapy such as ultrasound neck echography and MR angiography. Only 6.3% departments took preventive measures for RCAD such as reduction in radiation dose or administration of antiplatelets. The present survey revealed that many patients who had undergone neck radiotherapy for the treatment of malignancy did not receive proper medical attention for RCAD in Japan. Healthcare providers should be given adequate education about RCAD including its risk factors, possible preventive measures, diagnostic modalities, and treatment. Furthermore, a systematic clinical network should be established in which stroke specialists conduct proper examinations for early diagnosis of RCAD. (author)

  16. Linfoma no Hodgkin primario de mama, revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso Primary non-Hodgkin breast lymphoma, literature review and a case a presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caridad Verdecia Cañizares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El linfoma no Hodgkin primario de la mama es una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría y representa el 0,4 al 0,5 % de todos los tumores mamarios malignos. Debido a que carecen de características propias, tanto clínicas, citológicas como ecográficas, resulta muy difícil establecer el diagnóstico preoperatorio. Se presenta el caso de un linfoma no Hodgkin primario de la mama en una paciente de 3 años que llegó en estadio avanzado de la enfermedad, y se subraya la importancia del tratamiento en un equipo multidisciplinario.The primary non-Hodgkin breast lymphoma is a not frequent entity in children and account for the 0,4 to 0,5% of the malignant breast tumors. Due to they lack of own clinical, cytological and echography features, it is very difficult to made the preoperative diagnosis. This is the case of a primary non-Hodgkin breast lymphoma in a patient aged 3 with an advanced stage of disease, emphasizing the significance of treatment in a multidisciplinary staff.

  17. Tumor del corpúsculo carotídeo: Presentación de 1 caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel García Rodríguez

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un paciente que acude a consulta por presentar cuadros sincopales con una pequeña tumoración en la región lateral izquierda del cuello de más de 6 meses de evolución. Se le realiza ecografía del cuello, arteriografía carotídea y biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina y se llega al diagnóstico preoperatorio de tumor del corpúsculo carotídeo. Se interviene y realiza resección subadventicia de forma exitosaA patient who attends the physician's office for having syncopal pictures with a small tumor in the left region of the neck of more than 6 months of evolution is presented. Neck echography, carotid arteriography and fine needle biopsy aspiration are carried out. Carotid body tumor is preoperatively diagnosed. He is operated on and subadventitious resection is successfully performed

  18. [Teleconsulting in echocardiography using a standard cable on HDSL].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantero, Antonio; Catena, Emanuele; Tarelli, Giuseppe; Torta, Daniela; Barbier, Paolo; Pedroncelli, Elena; Begnis, Roberto; Tappia, Danilo; Lombardi, Federico; Vitali, Ettore

    2007-03-01

    Teleconsultation in echocardiography is complex owing to the heavy images and video files to be exchanged; moreover standards for data acquisition still need to be defined. The aim of this experience was to verify the feasibility to connect two laboratories for teleconsulting using a standard HDSL telephone cable. Hardware included one echocardiograph, one PC, video aquisition board and network board, USB webcam, Network router and an HDSL line for data communication. Software includes MS Windows XP and Netmeeting. The live interactivity between the labs was granted by a video streaming in MPEG4 format, directly delivered by the PC communication software. Standard DICOM was used for formal aspects. The platform has been verified during a demo at "National Congress of Cardiovascular Echography" in 2005. The experiment survey collected at the Teleconference gave a consistently good result. Twenty-one subjects filled in the questionnaire: 12 of them (57%) reported a difference between the video streaming and DICOM; whereas 7 of them (33%) did not point out it. Overall findings have been positive, even though 15 members (71%) reported feasibility with some difficulties; 18 members (86%) reported the possibility of really using this technology in the future. The total cost was 145000 euro. In our opinion, overall cost is more than acceptable especially considering how often to send data is more convenient than moving sick people or consultants.

  19. [Supratentorial ectopic ependymoma: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, T; Oki, S; Mikami, T; Kawamoto, Y; Yamaguchi, S; Kuwamoto, K; Hayashi, Y

    1999-12-01

    Ependymomas usually arise from the ventricular surface and approximately two-thirds of them are infratentorial. We present an unusual case of supratentorial ependymoma located in the parietal parenchyma and exhibiting no continuity with the ventricular system. On March 30, 1998, a 63-year-old woman was admitted to our neurosurgical service because of a sudden consciousness loss attack two weeks before. On admission, neurological examination revealed no abnormal findings. Computerized tomography (CT) revealed a mass lesion of the parietal lobe which was enhanced homogeneously. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also showed the mass of the parietal lobe which was iso-intense on T1-weighted images, iso and high intense on T2-weighted images and homogeneously enhanced by administration of Gd-DTPA. In the angiography, left carotid angiograms showed a tumor stain. On February 26, 1998, total removal of the tumor was performed using stereotactic craniotomy with neuronavigator and intraoperative echography. After surgery, focal radiation therapy (56Gy) was carried out. The pathological diagnosis was cellular ependymoma with partial clear cell components. Several kinds of tumor may occur in the cerebral parenchyma. We conclude, however, that ependymoma has to be included in the differential diagnosis when the tumor location is distant from the ventricles.

  20. Noonan Syndrome: An Underestimated Cause of Severe to Profound Sensorineural Hearing Impairment. Which Clues to Suspect the Diagnosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, Alban; Loundon, Natalie; Jonard, Laurence; Cavé, Hélène; Baujat, Geneviève; Gherbi, Souad; Couloigner, Vincent; Marlin, Sandrine

    2017-09-01

    To highlight Noonan syndrome as a clinically recognizable cause of severe to profound sensorineural hearing impairment. New clinical cases and review. Patients evaluated for etiological diagnosis by a medical geneticist in a reference center for hearing impairment. Five patients presenting with confirmed Noonan syndrome and profound sensorineural hearing impairment. Diagnostic and review of the literature. Five patients presented with profound sensorineural hearing impairment and molecularly confirmed Noonan syndrome. Sensorineural hearing impairment has been progressive for three patients. Cardiac echography identified pulmonary stenosis in two patients and was normal for the three other patients. Short stature was found in two patients. Mild intellectual disability was found in one patient. Inconspicuous clinical features as facial dysmorphism, cryptorchidism, or easy bruising were of peculiar interest to reach the diagnosis of Noonan syndrome. Profound sensorineural hearing impairment can be the main feature of Noonan syndrome. Associated features are highly variable; thus, detailed medical history and careful physical examination are mandatory to consider the diagnosis in case of a sensorineural hearing impairment.

  1. Prevalence of choroidal nevus and retinal pigment epithelial alterations in vitiligo patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleissig, Efrat; Pavlovksy, Mor; Loewenstein, Anat; Zur, Dinah; Newman, Hadas; Keren, Shay; Goldenberg, Dafna; Bar-Ilan, Efrat; Goldstein, Michaella

    2018-05-01

    To investigate ocular manifestations in patients with vitiligo by multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), color fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). In this prospective, observational clinical study, vitiligo patients underwent ophthalmologic and dermatologic clinical assessment and imaging by spectral-domain OCT, FAF, and color fundus imaging. Ocular echography was performed as indicated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired T test and Pearson correlation. A total of 61 eyes of 31 vitiligo patients were examined. Ocular findings consisted of choroidal nevi (n = 10, 32%), of which four (40%) were bilateral; two patients (6.5%) had a prominent choroidal pattern, two (6.5%) had hypopigmentary retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) lesions, and one (3.2%) had peripapillary atrophy of the RPE. Choroidal nevi were demonstrated only in eyes of patients with generalized vitiligo and were more common with upper body involvement (p = 0.02) and more prevalent in women (p = 0.02). Hypopigmentary lesions were detected in two patients and demonstrated on OCT as RPE atrophy and as photoreceptor/RPE changes. In this case series, vitiligo patients had a higher rate of choroidal nevi than previously reported. The hypopigmentary vitiliginous fundus lesions were depicted on OCT as photoreceptor and RPE atrophy. These findings may suggest the advisability of regular ocular monitoring for vitiligo patients.

  2. Idiopathic eosinophilic parotitis in an eight-year-old boy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelardi Matteo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction A number of medical conditions, some of them recently reported, are associated with an increased production of eosinophils. We report the first case of eosinophilic parotitis in the literature. Case presentation The patient was an eight-year-old Caucasian boy who presented with a two-year history of recurring acute parotitis with no fever. He had had a total of five episodes with no response to antibiotics, but remission had been achieved with oral corticosteroid therapy. We performed allergy tests for inhalant and food allergens and for haptens, but the results were all negative. The results of echography ruled out sialodochitis. Instead, a swab from the parotid duct led to the detection of a high number of eosinophils. Conclusions This report is first in the literature to describe a case of eosinophilic parotitis, and we suggest that a cytological assessment, which is quite simple yet rarely used by physicians, be performed when patients with parotitis of uncertain origin are under evaluation.

  3. Biomedical program of the ALTAÏR french russian flight onboard the MIR station

    Science.gov (United States)

    André-Deshays, C.; Haigneré, J. P.; Guell, A.; Marsal, O.; Suchet, L.; Kotovskaya, A.; Gratchev, V.; Noskin, A.; Grigoriev, A.

    One year after the achievemant of the 2 weeks ANTARES french-russian mission in the MIR station in July 1992, a 22 days ALTAÏR mission with a french cosmonaut has been performed in July 1993, making use of the scientific payload remaining on board. Taking benefit of the analysis of the previous mission, the experimental protocols were adapted to refine scientific objectives and gave to the scientists the opportunity to enhance quantitatively and qualitatively their results. The french biomedical program, conducted in close scientific cooperation with IMBP and associated laboratories, was composed of 8 experiments out of which 2 were new with regards to the ANTARES program. In the field of cardio-vascular physiology and fluid regulation, the experiments: ORTHOSTATISME, DIURESE have been renewed and complemented by the TISSU experiment (proposed by a german scientist) and a real-time tele-assistance program using US echography technic and ground support from the french CADMOS support control center located in Toulouse. With respect to neurosciences objectives, to the experiments VIMINAL (cognitive processes) and ILLUSIONS (study of proprioceptives cues), was added the SYNERGIES experiment to analyse the postural adjustements during movement. The IMMUNOLOGIE experiment carried on and the radiobiological experiment BIODOSE ended. Adding the results of the 2 missions ANTARES and ALTAÏR, and the data obtained in between onboard with russian cosmonauts, the scientists have received a wealth of physiological data and gained reproducibility and confidence in their results.

  4. Biomedical program of the ALTAIR french russian flight onboard the MIR station.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre-Deshays, C; Haignere, J P; Guell, A; Marsal, O; Suchet, L; Kotovskaya, A; Gratchev, V; Noskin, A; Grigoriev, A

    1995-01-01

    One year after the achievement of the 2 weeks ANTARES french-russian mission in the MIR station in July 1992, a 22 days ALTAIR mission with a french cosmonaut has been performed in July 1993, making use of the scientific payload remaining on board. Taking benefit of the analysis of the previous mission, the experimental protocols were adapted to refine scientific objectives and gave to the scientists the opportunity to enhance quantitatively and qualitatively their results. The french biomedical program, conducted in close scientific cooperation with IMBP and associated laboratories, was composed of 8 experiments out of which 2 were new with regards to the ANTARES program. In the field of cardio-vascular physiology and fluid regulation, the experiments: ORTHOSTATISME, DIURESE have been renewed and complemented by the TISSU experiment (proposed by a german scientist) and a real-time tele-assistance program using US echography technic and ground support from the french CADMOS support control center located in Toulouse. With respect to neurosciences objectives, to the experiments VIMINAL (cognitive processes) and ILLUSIONS (study of proprioceptives cues), was added the SYNERGIES experiment to analyse the postural adjustments during movement. The IMMUNOLOGIE experiment carried on and the radiobiological experiment BIODOSE ended. Adding the results of the 2 missions ANTARES and ALTAIR, and the data obtained in between onboard with russian cosmonauts, the scientists have received a wealth of physiological data and gained reproducibility and confidence in their results.

  5. Value of magnetic resonance imaging in prenatal diagnosis of placental accretism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Francisco, Viviane Vieira; Goldman, Suzan Menasce; Faria, Juliano; Szejnfeld, Jacob

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: to establish the main signs of placental accretism in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with clinical suspicion and to estimate the benefit of this method. Methods: prospective transversal study with 15 patients suspected of placental accretism, referred between March 2003 and February 2006. Gestational age varied from 20 to 31 weeks. All patients underwent MRI to study the placenta and had previously done an ultrasonography. Material was sent to histological study. MRI was done on Magnetom Impact and Sonata Maestro Class Siemens R , with acquired sequences HASTE, TURBO SPIN in axial, sagittal, coronal planes and echo gradient (GE R ), pre- and post-dynamic contrast in the best plan for acquisition. Images were analyzed by a team of two radiologists. Results: mean gestational age was 24.3 weeks. We studied seven placenta previa (47%), six anterior placentas (40%) and two posterior placentas (13%). Ultrasonography was positive in 80% of the placentas and MRI in 53%. However, echography had a low concordance with anatomic pathological studies by Kappa test (11%), revealing 75% of sensitivity, 14% of specificity, 50% as positive predictive value (PPV) and 33% as negative predictive value (NPV). MRI had an excellent concordance with anatomic pathological studies (0.86), showing 100% of sensitivity, 86% of specificity, 89% as PPV and 100% as NPV. Conclusions: MRI is useful for placental accretism diagnosis. The principal findings are transmural hyper-signal, the loss of continuity in myometrial wall in fast sequences and the identification of vessels invading myometrial layer in dynamic sequences. (author)

  6. Valoración integral de adultos mayores en centros gerontológicos de Guayaquil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyes, Myriam

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available On this study, the health situation of elderly people from Gerontological centers is described through the integral geriatric assessment. An observational, transversal, descriptive study was applied on intentional no probabilistic sample to achieve this objective. The results show that 92% of the population are women, 74% have hypertension, 28% suffers from diabetes mellitus, and 40% have dyslipidemia. The Katz test shows that 94% are functionally independent, Yesavage test establishes that 76% does not have depressive manifestations. Pfeiffer test reveals that 78% does not show cognitive deterioration and 70% have an acceptable social situation. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA shows that the 82% does not present nutritional risk. All the laboratory tests were normal. The cardiovascular evaluation reveals that 90% of the sample are within the normal parameters for age and comorbidities. The abdominal echography shows that 70% have grade 0 of Non Alcoholic Hepatic Steatosis (NASH and 30% have grade 1. Based on these results, it can be concluded that their quality of life is good

  7. Presumed choroidal metastasis of Merkel cell carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small, K.W.; Rosenwasser, G.O.; Alexander, E. III; Rossitch, G.; Dutton, J.J.

    1990-01-01

    Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare skin tumor of neural crest origin and is part of the amine precursor uptake and decarboxylase system. It typically occurs on the face of elderly people. Distant metastasis is almost uniformly fatal. Choroidal metastasis, to our knowledge, has not been described. We report a patient with Merkel cell carcinoma who had a synchronous solid choroidal tumor and a biopsy-proven brain metastasis. Our 56-year-old patient presented with a rapidly growing, violaceous preauricular skin tumor. Computed tomography of the head disclosed incidental brain and choroidal tumors. Light and electron microscopy of biopsy specimens of both the skin and the brain lesions showed Merkel cell carcinoma. Ophthalmoscopy, fluorescein angiography, and A and B echography revealed a solid choroidal mass. The brain and skin tumors responded well to irradiation. A radioactive episcleral plaque was applied subsequently to the choroidal tumor. All tumors regressed, and the patient was doing well 28 months later. To our knowledge this is the first case of presumed choroidal metastasis of Merkel cell carcinoma

  8. Enterococcus faecalis Endogenous Endophthalmitis from Valvular Endocarditis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidnei Barge

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 74-year-old female, with a mitral heart valve, who presented with pain and blurred vision in the right eye for 2 days. Her visual acuity was light perception (LP in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye. Slit lamp examination showed corneal edema and hypopyon, and a view of the right fundus was impossible. Echography showed vitreous condensation. One day after presentation, the patient developed acute lung edema requiring hospitalization, so she was not submitted to vitreous tap and intravitreal treatment. The cardiac and systemic evaluations revealed a mitral endocarditis secondary to Enterococcus faecalis. The patient improved systemically with treatment with gentamicin, vancomycin, and linezolid. Her visual acuity remained as no LP, and her intraocular pressure (IOP has been controlled with brimonidine bid despite developing a total cataract with 360° posterior synechia. A cardiac source for endogenous endophthalmitis should be considered in the presence of a prosthetic cardiac valve. The treatment and followup must be made in cooperation with a cardiologist specialist, but the ophthalmologist can play a key role in the diagnosis.

  9. Acute trauma-induced Budd-Chiari syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Izard, G.; Houri, R.; Randrianasolo, S.; Gailleton, R.

    1995-01-01

    The diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome is based on clinical signs including liver enlargement and ascites and findings of complementary examinations: echography, echo-Doppler, cat scanning (CT-scan), magnetic resonance imaging, angiography, pressure readings, laparoscopy and biopsy. Trauma is rarely reported as a cause of acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. In some cases, the trauma is so violent the supra-hepatic veins are ruptured and the dramatic outcome leaves no time for the syndrome to develop. In others, the resulting haematomas form a compression block of the supra hepatic vessels. The mechanism of the trauma in our case appears to have been unreported to date. Four days after a violent motorcycle accident, a 33-year-old man developed an acute Budd-Chiari syndrome probably due to partial and temporary thrombosis of the left and middle supra hepatic veins. A side-to-side porto-cava anastomosis with a calibrated venous graft was performed in an emergency procedure. Outcome was quite favourable and after a 4 year follow-up, the patient is in good health. (authors). 13 refs

  10. Multiple imaging procedures including MRI for the bladder cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikata, Noriharu; Suzuki, Makoto; Takeuchi, Takumi; Kunisawa, Yositaka; Fukutani, Keiko; Kawabe, Kazuki

    1986-01-01

    Endoscopic photography, double contrast cystography, transurethral echography, X-ray CT scan, and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) were utilized for the staging diagnosis of the four patients with carcinoma of the bladder. In the first case, a 70-year-old man, since all of the five imaging procedures suggested a superficial and pedunculated tumor, his bladder cancer was considered T1. The classification of stage T3 carcinoma was made for the second 86-year-old male. Because all of his imaging examinations showed a tumor infiltrating deep muscle and penetrating the bladder wall. The third case was a 36-year-old male. His clinical stage was diagnosed as T2 or T3a by cystophotography, double contrast cystogram, ultrasonography, and X-ray CT scan. However, MRI showed only thickened bladder wall and the infiltrating tumor could not be distinguished from the hypertrophic wall. The last patient, a 85-year-old female, had a smaller Ta cancer. Her double contrast cystography revealed the small tumor at the lateral bladder wall. But, the tumor could not be detected by transaxial, sagittal and coronal scans. Multiple imaging procedures combining MRI and staging diagnosis of the bladder carcinoma were discussed. (author)

  11. Preoperative localization of supernumerary and ectopic parathyroid glands in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tominaga, Yoshihiro; Kano, Tadayuki; Tanaka, Yuji; Uchida, Kazuharu; Yamada, Nobuo; Kawai, Machio; Takagi, Hiroshi.

    1989-01-01

    The undetectable supernumerary and ectopic parathyroid glands have a high risk of persistent and recurrent hyperparathyroidism, especially in the patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Preoperative image diagnosis, CT scan, echogram and 201 TlCl scintigram were very useful for detecting supernumerary and ectopic parathyroid glands in our 132 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism. Among these methods the scintigraphy showed the highest detection rate of the glands located in the thyroid gland and those located between the thyroid gland and trachea. The echography was useful in detecting the glands in the thyroid gland, but could not offer easy visualization those located in the mediastinum. Even the ectopic parathyroid glands, weighing more than 500 mg were identifiable at about 90% when all the methods were applied routinely. In our experience, four patients had a supernumerary gland which was detected by the preoperative image diagnostic procedures at the initial surgery. One patient had a supernumerary gland in the mediastinum which was detected by image diagnosis after the initial operation and was removed at reoperation. (author)

  12. SPECT/CT with 99mTc MIBI in patients with secondary hyperparathyreoidismus and chroniodyalisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Palashev, J.; Nenchev, N.; Kamenov, A.; Jordanov, M.; Velinova, A.; Petkov, A.

    2013-01-01

    Full text: Introduction: Secondary hyperparathyroidism( SHPT ) is a complication of impaired calcium and phosphorus metabolism, which develops in the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD ) and subsequent chronic renal failure (CRF). What you will learn: The aim of the study is to locate pathologically changed parathyroid glands (hyperplasia, adenoma) in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing chroniohemodialisis treatment. Discussion: Twelve patients undergoing HDL lapse of 36 to 82 months were observed. The conservative treatment of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and the use of calcimimetics did not lead to control of developing secondary hyperparathyroidism. In these patients biochemical studies were performed and the levels of parathyroid hormone ( PTH at all over 1000 pg / ml) have been detected and the degree of vascular calcification was determined using classical roentgenography. For the visualization of the parathyroid classic echography and single-photon emission computed tomography with computed tomography were used. The latter is carried out with the new hybrid device 670 Discovery NM / CT, with coupled two-head SPECT gamma camera and CT diagnostic MSCT/16-sliced. Conclusion: In all patients the SHPT progression and the severity of vascular calcification correspond to the severity of sonographic and SPECT/CT findings. The conducting of surgical treatment is discussed

  13. [Epidemiology of work-related eye injuries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zghal-Mokni, Imen; Nacef, Leila; Kaoueche, Mourad; Letaief, Imen; Bouguila, Hedi; Jeddi, Amel; Ayed, Saida

    2007-07-01

    Occupational injury represents 7,7 at 69,9% of the total ocular traumatisms. They can be a major source of visuel loss and blindness. The aim is to study the epidemiology of work-related ocular injuries: objects frequencies,works most exposed. We performed a prospective study that interest 78 patients having a work-related ocular traumatism during a 4 months period. They were admitted at ocular emergeney All patients underwent an ophtalmologic examination completed with orbital radiography and echography. A medical and/or chirurgical appropriate treatment was institued. Occupationnal injury frequency was 9% of the whole ocular traumatisms in the same period. The mean age was 31 years. 55% of cases were under 30 years. 91% were male. Most exposed works were industrial and mecanical sectors In 70,5% of cases work-related eye injuries were caused by projectile objects. Most common lesion was corneal superficial foreign body (58%). Open globe injury was noted in 8%. 95% of patients had no eye protection at the time of the accident. 13% were blind or unilateral partially sighted (according to the OMS classification). The authors discussed the importance and different prevention strategies to prevent the risk of blindness and socio-economical cost of occupationnal accidents. There is a need for systematic periodic sensibilization to reduce these accidents and blindness.

  14. A case of lean polycystic ovary syndrome with early stage of type 1 diabetes successfully treated with metformin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigiyama, Fumika; Kumashiro, Naoki; Rikitake, Takayuki; Usui, Shuki; Saegusa, Michiko; Kitamura, Mamoru; Uchino, Hiroshi; Hirose, Takahisa

    2016-01-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common in obese women with insulin resistant type 2 diabetes for which metformin treatment is getting established in addition to clomiphene. However, lean PCOS patients are sometimes accompanied with type 1 diabetes. It remains unclear whether these patients are insulin resistant and whether metformin is effective for them. A 32-year-old woman, who suffered from acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorders since age 29, was diagnosed as PCOS by serum high LH levels and polycystic ovary on echography. Interestingly, her body mass index (BMI) had consistently been 21.0 kg/m2 since age 20. She was first treated with clomiphene for one year for infertility but it did not improve her menstrual cycle nor did she get pregnant during that period. She was then assessed with diabetes mellitus and subsequently diagnosed as type 1 diabetes with mild hyperglycemia (HbA1c 6.0%). Since her insulin secretion was still well preserved, to assess insulin sensitivity, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp test was performed and showed her to be insulin resistant. Low dose insulin and low dose metformin treatment was started without clomiphene. After her ovulation and menstrual cycle were ameliorated only one month later, her treatment was supplemented with clomiphene for the next three months enabling her to at last become pregnant. This report highlights the efficacy of metformin in lean PCOS with type 1 diabetes. Insulin therapy is essential for type 1 diabetes but hyperinsulinemia potentially exacerbates PCOS through hyperandrogenism. Metformin is therefore recommended for treatment of lean PCOS with type 1 diabetes as well as common obese PCOS with type 2 diabetes.

  15. An AAV9 coding for frataxin clearly improved the symptoms and prolonged the life of Friedreich ataxia mouse models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Gérard

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Friedreich ataxia (FRDA is a genetic disease due to increased repeats of the GAA trinucleotide in intron 1 of the frataxin gene. This mutation leads to a reduced expression of frataxin. We have produced an adeno-associated virus (AAV9 coding for human frataxin (AAV9-hFXN. This AAV was delivered by intraperitoneal (IP injection to young conditionally knockout mice in which the frataxin gene had been knocked-out in some tissues during embryogenesis by breeding them with mice expressing the Cre recombinase gene under the muscle creatine kinase (MCK or the neuron-specific enolase (NSE promoter. In the first part of the study, different doses of virus were tested from 6 × 1011 v.p. to 6 × 109 v.p. in NSE-cre mice and all leading to an increase in life spent of the mice. The higher and the lower dose were also tested in MCK-cre mice. A single administration of the AAV9-hFXN at 6 × 1011 v.p. more than doubled the life of these mice. In fact the MCK-cre mice treated with the AAV9-hFXN were sacrificed for further molecular investigations at the age of 29 weeks without apparent symptoms. Echography analysis of the heart function clearly indicated that the cardiac systolic function was better preserved in the mice that received 6 × 1011 v.p. of AAV9-hFXN. The human frataxin protein was detected by ELISA in the heart, brain, muscles, kidney, and liver with the higher dose of virus in both mouse models. Thus, gene therapy with an AAV9-hFXN is a potential treatment of FRDA.

  16. Medical irradiation of children. Beware of too fast conclusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brisse, H.; Sirinelli, D.; Adamsbaum, C.; Chateil, J.F.; Claudon, M.; Geoffray, A.; Petit, P.; Rausin, L.; Panuel, M.

    2004-01-01

    The publication in january 2004 in the British medical journal of the article of P. Hall and coll. 'Effect of low doses of ionizing irradiation in infancy on cognitive function in adulthood: Swedish population based cohort study, has been noticed by the Radiation protection group of the French speaking society of pediatrics imaging. The authors evaluate the psycho-motor development of less eighteen months years old children and irradiated between 1930 and 1959 for a face angioma. They study for each dose of irradiation ( from 0 to 250 m Gy) the level of school attendance and their results to the psycho-motor tests made during conscription medical examination. They noticed a diminution of 50% of the access success rate to university for the children having received an irradiation dose of 250 mG. No effect is noticed under the irradiation dose of 100 mGy. In their conclusions the authors compare these irradiation doses to these ones delivered in brain scanner examination. These results seem overestimated compared with the work made on fetuses ( publication 84 of ICRP) then the fetus is considered as more sensitive to ionizing radiations than the infant. The dose of 120 mGy is found in the literature and now the dose delivered in pediatrics are in the area of 0 and 100 mGy where no effect has been revealed in the cohort of irradiated children. The article does not include the principle of justification that is used nowadays and the replacement by the trans fontanel echography has allowed to reduce the number of brain scanner, used only for limited cases where the benefit is superior the the risk of irradiation. (N.C.)

  17. [Hypertension in polycystic ovary syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Salem Hachmi, L; Ben Salem Hachmi, S; Bouzid, C; Younsi, N; Smida, H; Bouguerra, R; Ben Slama, C

    2006-01-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in a female population with PCOS and to correlate hypertension with her clinical and hormonal profile. it is a transversal study of 79 PCOS patients with mean age of 25 +/- 7 years (range 13-44). PCOS diagnosis is made by Rotterdam consensus criteria's (2003). WHO definition of hypertension is used (BP 140/90 mmHg). Blood pressure is measured three times in each patient. Ovarian echography and biochemical assays (GnRH test, androgens, cholesterol, triglycerides, and oral glucose tolerance test) are made before the 5th day of the menstrual cycle. 12% of PCOS women have hypertension. Family history of hypertension is not a predictive factor of hypertension in our study. PCOS patients with hypertension are not significantly older than those without hypertension (28.4 +/- 6.5 vs. 25.2 +/- 7; p = 0.12). If compared to PCOS women without hypertension, those with hypertension have a significantly higher BMI (39.2 +/- 7 vs. 29.6; p = 0.0004). PCOS patients with and without hypertension do not differ significantly in their level of androgens and total cholesterol. Triglycerides level is higher in PCOS patients with hypertension (p = 0.06). In oral glucose tolerance test, areas under the curve of insulin and glucose are significantly higher in PCOS patients with hypertension (respectively p = 0.06 and 0.02). The area under the curve of LH during GnRH test is lower in PCOS patients with hypertension (p = 0.04).

  18. Study of uranium dioxide pellets by micro-acoustic techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roque, V.

    1999-01-01

    In order to reduce the volume of spent fuel to reprocess and to improve the productivity and the safety of the nuclear reactor, 'Electricite De France' aim to increase the average fuel discharge burn-up. To elaborate the safety reports, EDF develops codes to simulate the thermo-mechanical behaviour of the nuclear fuel element. These numeric simulations need to evaluate accurately and locally the evolution of the material and of its properties. One of the major concern today is the local characterisation of the intrinsic volume fraction porosity and the mechanical properties of the irradiated fuel. The fuel pellet fragmentation, the steep radial gradient in its physical properties evolution and the chemical evolution of the irradiated material make difficult nay the use of the conventional techniques. This leads EDF to pay interest for the use of two complementary techniques: micro-indentation on the one hand and acoustic methods on the other hand (acoustic microscopy and micro-echography), with an additional constrain to perform on active materials. The objective of this work has been to adapt the acoustic methods for an application on uranium dioxide pellets, used as nuclear fuel in Water Pressurised Reactor. Acquisitions protocols have been set to measure accurately the Rayleigh velocity and the longitudinal velocity of the UO 2 . Using these protocols, we have calibrated these acoustic methods by analysing non irradiated nuclear pellet which properties were well known. This process enable to quantify the effects of different physico-chemical parameters of the UO 2 on the ultrasonic velocities measured. Particularly, the large influence of the porosity has been demonstrated and empirical laws to express the evolution of the acoustic velocities as a function of the volume fraction porosity were established. Moreover, we have established a methodology to characterise the intrinsic elastic constants and the volume fraction porosity on irradiated UO 2 fuel pellets

  19. MuSIC report III: tumour microcirculation patterns and development of metastasis in long-term follow-up of melanocytic uveal tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingenstein, Annemarie; Schaumberger, Markus M; Freeman, William R; Folberg, Robert; Mueller, Arthur J; Schaller, Ulrich C

    2016-03-01

    To statistically determine differences in microcirculation patterns between nevi and uveal melanomas and the influence of these patterns on metastatic potential in the long-term follow-up of 112 patients with melanocytic uveal tumours. In vivo markers indicating malignancy and metastatic potential have implications for treatment decision. Primary diagnosis and work-up included clinical examination, fundus photography, standardized A and B scan echography as well as evaluation of tumour microcirculation patterns via confocal fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Patient data were collected from the patient files, the tumour registry or personal contact. Statistical analysis was performed with spss 22.0 using chi-square, Fisher's exact test and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Forty-three uveal melanocytic lesions remained untreated and were retrospectively classified as benign nevi, whereas 69 lesions were malignant melanomas (T1: 32, T2: 28, T3: 6 and T4: 3). 'Silent' and 'arcs without branching' were found significantly more often in nevi (p = 0.001 and p = 0.010), whereas 'parallel with cross-linking' and 'networks' were significantly more frequent in melanomas (p = 0.022 and p = 0.029). The microcirculation pattern 'parallel with cross-linking' proved significantly more frequent in patients who developed metastases (p = 0.001). Certain microcirculation patterns may guide us in differentiating uveal nevi from malignant melanomas. A non-invasive prognostic marker can be of great value for borderline lesions in which cytology is less likely taken. 'Parallel with cross-linking' did not only indicate malignancy, but it was also associated with later tumour metastasis. © 2015 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Investigation of the imaging diagnosis on the ophthalmic orbital diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshizawa, Toshikazu

    1991-01-01

    Ultrasonographic examination, X-ray computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed on orbital diseases. Ultrasonographic examination was a simple, rapid and harmless noninvasive precedure as a diagnostic tool for evaluation of soft tissues. Echography was not more precise than X-ray CT and MRI scan in orbital diagnosis of the localization, size and well-defined outline of the lesion, relating to the peri- and retroorbital organs, however, was useful for screening study of an orbital lesion. B-mode of orbital tumors was effective for the ultrasonic diagnosis and classification according to four types; solid, cystic, angiomatous and infiltrative patterns. B-scan study of intraorbital inflammatory pseudo tumor could provide a differential diagnosis between inflammatory edema and an inflammatory mass lesion. Echographic pictures of dural arterio-venous fistula disclosed the vascular dilatation of superior ophthalmic vein and those of Basedow's disease with thickening of extraocular muscles. X-ray CT revealed intraorbital and intraocular disease, the globes and its immediate surrounding tissue (optic nerve, extraocular muscle, etc.) and bony orbital walls as the same slice of film. X-ray CT pictures of a coronal section, the contrast enhancement, calcification and destruction of the bone were helpful for diagnosis. However, the displays of disorders near the bone were ill-defined because of an artifact induced by high X-ray absorptive power of the bone. MRI was an equipment for superior contrast resolution, with provided a tomography of any section, without artifacts of the bone, and was the superior technique for displaying a vascular lesion. MRI of orbital disease was effective for reconstructing the spatial correlations between the lesion and its surounding tissues. MRI, however, provided no information of the skeleton, being not available for subjects with a magnetic substance. (author)

  1. Hodgkin Illness in the childhood. Results with combined treatment of OPPA with radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terselich z, Gretti

    1999-01-01

    A retrospective revision was made (not randomized) among the years 1988 and 1997, of patients histories that had entered the INC for treatment for the Hodgkin illness. All the cases, patient smaller than 16 years were studied, that had not been treated in other centers neither it had received another oncospecific treatment. The sheets or the anatomy-pathology study were revised, being remarkable that for but of 10 years the histology study is in charge of oneself pathologists' group. In total 144 patients were recruited; 29 were excluded: 2 for treatments in other centers, 17 to only have received radiotherapy, 9 to receive other outlines of treatment chemo therapeutic and a patient to reject the treatment; finally 115 patients were studied. To all they were made complete analysis of hematology with erythro sedimentation and serology for hepatitis study B and C. Biopsy of bony marrow was not made in the I and II states; echography and thorax X rays, was made to all patients but the TAC it could not be carried out to all for logistical difficulties; in some patients the corporal journey was made with gammagraphy, using gallium. The final results showed a complete answer in 100 patients (87%). There were 7 deaths: 2 for causes different to the illness, one for sepsis for klebsiella, one for cardio toxicity for anthracycline, 2 for abandonment of the treatment and 3 patients got lost. 13 patients were presented with neutropenia, 3 patients with pneumonia, 1 with chicken pox and 2 with sepsis. The global survival is of 90%

  2. Evaluation of breast MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy for the detection of breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loriaux, C.; Baeyens, L.; Paternot, J.; Martin, P.; Verhas, M.

    1997-01-01

    Full text. The aim of the work was to appreciate the contribution of MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy for the detection of breast cancer and to situate this procedure in comparison with mammography 5 (X-ray M) and echography (E C). 21 patients presenting suspected lesion on clinical evaluation/or mammography were referred to the department for breast MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy. 10 min after IV injection of MIBI-Tc 99 m 3 planar scan were realized with a present time of 10 min. The whole investigation including X-ray and surgical procedures were performed within 15 days. The pathologic findings were: 21 malignant lesion (18 canal cancers, 3 lobular cancers), 4 benign lesions (1 fibroadenoma, 2 granuloma, 1 fibrocystic disease). Lesions were bilateral in 3 cases and there was 1 bifocal lesion. 17 tumours were palpable and 8 not palpable, 10 lesion were 2,5 cm (24%). The overall sensitivity and specificity for MIBI-Tc 99 m were 67% and 75% respectively. For the group of palpable tumours, sensitivity of MIBI-Tc 99 m was 86%. In three cases, the X-ray M was difficult to interpret, the MIBI-Tc 99 m was true positive. In 3 false positive X-ray M procedures, the scintigraphy was true negative but, whatever the size of the tumor the best sensitivity was obtained with X-ray M (71%) and E C (70%) while for MIBI Tc-99 m, sensitivity was less (67%). MIBI-Tc 99 m appears to be a complementary tool in cases of difficulty of interpretation of mammography particularly in case of recurrence of the disease

  3. Prognostic value of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation during neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Philippine Clair

    Full Text Available Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is indicated in severe and refractory respiratory or circulatory failures. Neurological complications are typically represented by acute ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, which induce higher morbidity and mortality. The primary goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StcO2 on mortality in neonates and young infants treated with ECMO. A secondary objective was to evaluate the association between StcO2 and the occurrence of cerebral lesions.This was a prospective study in infants < 3 months of age admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit and requiring ECMO support.The assessment of cerebral perfusion was made by continuous StcO2 monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS sensors placed on the two temporo-parietal regions. Neurological lesions were identified by MRI or transfontanellar echography.Thirty-four infants <3 months of age were included in the study over a period of 18 months. The ECMO duration was 10±7 days. The survival rate was 50% (17/34 patients, and the proportion of brain injuries was 20% (7/34 patients. The mean StcO2 during ECMO in the non-survivors was reduced in both hemispheres (p = 0.0008 right, p = 0.03 left compared to the survivors. StcO2 was also reduced in deceased or brain-injured patients compared to the survivors without brain injury (p = 0.002.StcO2 appears to be a strong prognostic factor of survival and of the presence of cerebral lesions in young infants during ECMO.

  4. Justification and quality control in radiodiagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dalen, A. van

    1989-01-01

    The role of the radiodiagnostician in justification of x-ray examination is discussed. Under the final responsibility of the radio-diagnostician the more common examinations are performed by laboratory assistants. A justification judgement before by the radio-diagnostician does not take place. In case of complicated examinations often previous consultation between radio-diagnostician and clinician is necessary. The fast development of new techniques like CT, echography and MRI has as result that the modern radio-diagnostician develops more and more into a imaging-specialist. In the consultation with the clinician he advises about the optimal diagnostics for a certain patient, taking optimally into account the risks of x-radiation. The justifying role of the radio-diagnostician depends further upon the relation with the requiring physician. In general the inter-collegial consultation is assumed to be sufficient within the hospitals, however the feedback to general practitioners seems to be improvable in some cases. With regard to quality assurance it is remarked that the quality of the examination may not be endangered by a too strong emphasis upon radiation reduction. Aspects like education level, protocol learning, dose limits, degressive tariffs, information-transfer, radiation passport, analysis between 'blue' ton, centralization of x-ray examination and quality of apparatus, are discussed. From the Government primarily a constraint setting policy is expected, in which rule-giving with respect to quality of education and apparatus is highly important. A stimulation of inter-collegial consulting may be expected, in particular in financial sense. A permission policy has to be managed, which ensures centralization of apparatus and centrally performance of x-ray examination as much as possible. Finally warning is given for the effects of excessive fear for radiation which causes refraining of medical necessary examination. The various risk have to be weighed up

  5. The use of X Rays in diagnostic and interventional imaging, excluding radiotherapy. Report and recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dubousset, Jean

    2016-01-01

    The X-Ray discovery (W.C. Roentgen, 1895) offers an immediate progress to the medical efficiency. Today, the medical diagnostic imaging knows a considerable and constant growing when becoming 'interventional', as a surgical help in the operating room. These 'ionizing' radiations, simultaneously, are the first treatment for cancers (A. Beclere, 1900's). But their use in diagnostic presents a potential danger, in children and young people who are the most sensible. The medical and paramedical members of the team are dangerously exposed, too, through the accumulative exposure. Our group reminds the consequences of the ionizing radiations. Invisible, they do not create the suspicion. Therefore, the radioprotection is mandatory because of the all-lifelong cumulative dose of exposure. Many Rules and obligations, international (WHO), European (EU), and national (Agencies, HAS, Ministry of health) with the close cooperation of Societe Francaise de Radiologie (SFR) and Societe Francaise de Radioprotection (SFRP) either in radiodiagnosis or in interventional (500.000 procedures each year in France). Closely concerned by the observance of this radioprotection, the ANM had given information and texts from more than 10 years. Alas, as a pediatric orthopedist surgeon, we observe that today half of the irradiation complications (in the past from radiotherapy) went from interventional radiological procedures (and dental exercise). We went to a 30 years bibliography about this question and to a memorandum about the new indications in modern imaging and its indications with minimization of the dose delivery. We insist on the non-ionizing radiations (MRI, echography, photonic techniques). Five guidelines, concluding the text are underlined. (authors)

  6. Impact of Hydroxychloroquine on Atherosclerosis and Vascular Stiffness in the Presence of Chronic Kidney Disease.

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    Ashutosh M Shukla

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular disease is the largest cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD and end-stage kidney disease, with nearly half of all deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ, an anti-inflammatory drug, has been shown to have multiple pleiotropic actions relevant to atherosclerosis. We conducted a proof-of-efficacy study to evaluate the effects of hydroxychloroquine in an animal model of atherosclerosis in ApoE knockout mice with and without chronic kidney disease. Forty male, 6-week-old mice were divided into four groups in a 2 x 2 design: sham placebo group; sham treatment group; CKD placebo group; and CKD treatment group. CKD was induced by a two-step surgical procedure. All mice received a high-fat diet through the study duration and were sacrificed after 16 weeks of therapy. Mice were monitored with ante-mortem ultrasonic echography (AUE for atherosclerosis and vascular stiffness and with post-mortem histology studies for atherosclerosis. Therapy with HCQ significantly reduced the severity of atherosclerosis in CKD mice and sham treated mice. HCQ reduced the area of aortic atherosclerosis on en face examination by approximately 60% in HCQ treated groups compared to the non-treated groups. Additionally, therapy with HCQ resulted in significant reduction in vascular endothelial dysfunction with improvement in vascular elasticity and flow patterns and better-preserved vascular wall thickness across multiple vascular beds. More importantly, we found that presence of CKD had no mitigating effect on HCQ's anti-atherosclerotic and vasculoprotective effects. These beneficial effects were not due to any significant effect of HCQ on inflammation, renal function, or lipid profile at the end of 16 weeks of therapy. This study, which demonstrates structural and functional protection against atherosclerosis by HCQ, provides a rationale to evaluate its use in CKD patients. Further studies

  7. Rationale, Design, and Baseline Characteristics of the Utopia Trial for Preventing Diabetic Atherosclerosis Using an SGLT2 Inhibitor: A Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label, Parallel-Group Comparative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katakami, Naoto; Mita, Tomoya; Yoshii, Hidenori; Shiraiwa, Toshihiko; Yasuda, Tetsuyuki; Okada, Yosuke; Umayahara, Yutaka; Kaneto, Hideaki; Osonoi, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Tsunehiko; Kuribayashi, Nobuichi; Maeda, Kazuhisa; Yokoyama, Hiroki; Kosugi, Keisuke; Ohtoshi, Kentaro; Hayashi, Isao; Sumitani, Satoru; Tsugawa, Mamiko; Ohashi, Makoto; Taki, Hideki; Nakamura, Tadashi; Kawashima, Satoshi; Sato, Yasunori; Watada, Hirotaka; Shimomura, Iichiro

    2017-10-01

    Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are anti-diabetic agents that improve glycemic control with a low risk of hypoglycemia and ameliorate a variety of cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the ongoing study described herein is to investigate the preventive effects of tofogliflozin, a potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor, on the progression of atherosclerosis in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an established marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as a marker. The Study of Using Tofogliflozin for Possible better Intervention against Atherosclerosis for type 2 diabetes patients (UTOPIA) trial is a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint, multicenter, and parallel-group comparative study. The aim was to recruit a total of 340 subjects with T2DM but no history of apparent CVD at 24 clinical sites and randomly allocate these to a tofogliflozin treatment group or a conventional treatment group using drugs other than SGLT2 inhibitors. As primary outcomes, changes in mean and maximum IMT of the common carotid artery during a 104-week treatment period will be measured by carotid echography. Secondary outcomes include changes in glycemic control, parameters related to β-cell function and diabetic nephropathy, the occurrence of CVD and adverse events, and biochemical measurements reflecting vascular function. This is the first study to address the effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on the progression of carotid IMT in subjects with T2DM without a history of CVD. The results will be available in the very near future, and these findings are expected to provide clinical data that will be helpful in the prevention of diabetic atherosclerosis and subsequent CVD. Kowa Co., Ltd. UMIN000017607.

  8. Nuclear medicine and the management of prostate cancer in Yaounde - Cameroon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dong a Zok, F.; Mbodj, M.; Assiga Ahanda, Y.M.; Angwafor, F.

    2009-01-01

    Prostate cancer is the most frequent neoplasm affecting males above 50 years old in developed countries. Previous studies carried out in Cameroon have shown that, this condition is not infrequent. Late diagnosis is equally common. The advent of nuclear medicine technology in the year 2000 has enabled the possibility of prostate specific antigen (P.S.A.) assay and imaging by bone scintigraphy. In this study, we aimed at assessing the contributions of P.S.A. assay and bone scintigraphy in the management of prostate cancer in Cameroon. Within a 5 years period (January 2003 - December 2007) 360 patients had biopsy proven (Gleason score) prostate adenocarcinoma. The age ranged from 50 to 85 years with a mean of 67 years. Those aged between 60 to 69 years were more affected. The patients were divided into 2 groups: a first one accruing of 250 patients with a previous bone scintigraphy carried out before treatment and a second group of patients who underwent a bone scintigraphy during treatment. Clinical features digital rectal examination, endorectal echography were noted. P.S.A. levels and bone scintigraphy results were also noted. Most of these patients (80.56%) presented with advanced lesions with metastases. Orchiectomy and hormonotherapy were the most used methods of treatment due to late diagnosis. Bone scintigraphy-evidenced lesions were mainly located (92.25%) at the dorso-lumbar region of the spine. There is a correlation between the following variables: clinical features, namely, digital rectal examinations, P.S.A. blood levels, ultrasound, histology and bone scintigraphy. Therefore, we can conclude that, P.S.A. is an important marker of prostate cancer. Its association with bone scintigraphy is appropriate for the detection of bone metastases. (authors)

  9. Medical irradiation of children. Beware of too fast conclusion; Irradiation medicale de l'enfant. Attention aux conclusions hatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brisse, H. [Institut Curie, Dept. d' Imagerie, 75 - Paris (France); Sirinelli, D. [Hopital Clocheville, Service de Radiologie et Echographie, 37 - Tours (France); Adamsbaum, C. [Hopital Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Service de Radiologie, 75 - Paris (France); Chateil, J.F. [Hopital Pellegrin, Unite de Radiopediatrie, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Claudon, M. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nancy-Hopital Brabois Enfants, Service de Radiologie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Geoffray, A. [Fondation Lenval, Service de Radiologie, 06 - Nice (France); Petit, P. [Hopital de la Timone, Service de Radiologie, 13 - Marseille (France); Rausin, L. [Centre Hospitalier Regional de la Citadelle, Service de Radiologie, Liege (Belgium); Panuel, M. [Hopital Nord, Service de Radiologie, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2004-10-01

    The publication in january 2004 in the British medical journal of the article of P. Hall and coll. 'Effect of low doses of ionizing irradiation in infancy on cognitive function in adulthood: Swedish population based cohort study, has been noticed by the Radiation protection group of the French speaking society of pediatrics imaging. The authors evaluate the psycho-motor development of less eighteen months years old children and irradiated between 1930 and 1959 for a face angioma. They study for each dose of irradiation ( from 0 to 250 m Gy) the level of school attendance and their results to the psycho-motor tests made during conscription medical examination. They noticed a diminution of 50% of the access success rate to university for the children having received an irradiation dose of 250 mG. No effect is noticed under the irradiation dose of 100 mGy. In their conclusions the authors compare these irradiation doses to these ones delivered in brain scanner examination. These results seem overestimated compared with the work made on fetuses ( publication 84 of ICRP) then the fetus is considered as more sensitive to ionizing radiations than the infant. The dose of 120 mGy is found in the literature and now the dose delivered in pediatrics are in the area of 0 and 100 mGy where no effect has been revealed in the cohort of irradiated children. The article does not include the principle of justification that is used nowadays and the replacement by the trans fontanel echography has allowed to reduce the number of brain scanner, used only for limited cases where the benefit is superior the the risk of irradiation. (N.C.)

  10. THE ANALYSIS OF MORPHOFUNCTIONAL CONDITION OF THE UPPER LIMB MUSCLES IN TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH POSTTRAUMATIC ELBOW FLEXION-AND-EXTENSION CONTRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Grebenyuk

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the work was to study the echography visualization-based structural features of muscles and the wrist radial flexors for surgical treatment of 56 patients with the elbow flexion-and-extension contractures. The result of surgical treatment in the main group of patients consisted in the increase of the elbow extension angle. Muscle pattern was similar to a typical, normal ultrasound image. The most characteristic feature was a significant decrease in the muscle belly thickness. The thickness of fore-arm flexor muscular layer was 29,2% decreased for the brachium injured amounting to 16.5 ± 4.7 mm (P ≤ 0.05, and that for the intact segment - to 23.3 ± 2.6 mm. In the immediate periods after treatment the signs of atrophy remained. It manifested by the significant decrease of the anterior muscle group thickness with regard to the intact segment values. The index of the echo intensity of m. biceps brachii in operated limb increased by 53.7% compared to preoperative values, reaching 22.8 ± 2.1 conv. u (P m. brachialis - 30 conv. u (P> 0.05. Before the treatment in patients aged 8-13 years the relative strength of the forearm muscles was reduced by 12% compared with those on the contralateral limb (P <0.05 according to t-test, and in the older age group - 20.9% (P <0.01. With increasing of movement range in the late periods after treatment were observed satisfactory contractile response of the upper limb muscles. At different stages of reconstructive and restorative treatment of patients with posttraumatic elbow contractures it is advisable to use a combination of ultrasonic imaging of muscles and hand dynamometry with the definition of the relative strength of the muscles.

  11. Enucleaton of the right eye due to large choroidal melanoma with simultaneous penetrating cornea transplantation from OD to OS (Case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Korchuganova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available There is presentation case report of 75‑year old woman with choroidal melanoma (T3N0M0 on the right eye and failed graft on the left pseudophakic eye with far advanced glaucoma and ARMD. No treatment was given to the leading eye with VA 0,2. VA of OS = 1 / ∞ pr.l.certa; PKP OS in 2008 for pseudophakic bullous keratopathy on the eye with far advanced glaucoma. IOP was normal after previous filtering surgery. After PKP VA = 0,04; clear graft during 2 years; then gradually opacification and vascularization occurred. VA dropped to light perception. Echography OD — tumor h 8,29 mm, d 21,77 mm. No ingrowth of tumor into anterior segment of the eye; VA OD = 0 (no light perception. Concerning the need to enucleate the right eye with large choroidal melanoma, the advantage of using corneal autograft from OD to OS, location of tumor in the posterior pole with no ingrowth in anterior segment, the decision was made to perform the following operation — to enucleate the right eye and transplant simultaneously corneal graft from OD on OS. Patient was discharged from the Ophthalmology Hospital with VA OS = 0,01, during next week VA improved to 0,02. 8,0 mm graft isclear, fixed with 8 interruptured and continious suture 10 / 0‑nylon. Anterior chamber — normal depth, atrophic iris, stable position of PC IOL. Optic nerve head is pale with subtotal deep glaucomatous excavation. Conclusion: presented case report demonstrates the rarepossibility to use cornea after enucleation the eye with large malignant tumor (located in the posterior pole for grafting in the only eye with failed vascularised graft. It was the only possibility for this patient to restore some vision.

  12. Enucleaton of the right eye due to large choroidal melanoma with simultaneous penetrating cornea transplantation from OD to OS (Case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Korchuganova

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available There is presentation case report of 75‑year old woman with choroidal melanoma (T3N0M0 on the right eye and failed graft on the left pseudophakic eye with far advanced glaucoma and ARMD. No treatment was given to the leading eye with VA 0,2. VA of OS = 1 / ∞ pr.l.certa; PKP OS in 2008 for pseudophakic bullous keratopathy on the eye with far advanced glaucoma. IOP was normal after previous filtering surgery. After PKP VA = 0,04; clear graft during 2 years; then gradually opacification and vascularization occurred. VA dropped to light perception. Echography OD — tumor h 8,29 mm, d 21,77 mm. No ingrowth of tumor into anterior segment of the eye; VA OD = 0 (no light perception. Concerning the need to enucleate the right eye with large choroidal melanoma, the advantage of using corneal autograft from OD to OS, location of tumor in the posterior pole with no ingrowth in anterior segment, the decision was made to perform the following operation — to enucleate the right eye and transplant simultaneously corneal graft from OD on OS. Patient was discharged from the Ophthalmology Hospital with VA OS = 0,01, during next week VA improved to 0,02. 8,0 mm graft isclear, fixed with 8 interruptured and continious suture 10 / 0‑nylon. Anterior chamber — normal depth, atrophic iris, stable position of PC IOL. Optic nerve head is pale with subtotal deep glaucomatous excavation. Conclusion: presented case report demonstrates the rarepossibility to use cornea after enucleation the eye with large malignant tumor (located in the posterior pole for grafting in the only eye with failed vascularised graft. It was the only possibility for this patient to restore some vision.

  13. Epigenetics modifications and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The EPIOSA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, Jose M; Artal, Jorge; Martin, Teresa; Carrizo, Santiago J; Andres, Marta; Martin-Burriel, Inmaculada; Bolea, Rosa; Sanz, Arianne; Varona, Luis; Godino, Javier; Gallego, Begoña; Garcia-Erce, Jose A; Villar, Isabel; Gil, Victoria; Forner, Marta; Cubero, Jose P; Ros, Luis

    2014-07-12

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Epidemiological and animal models studies generate hypotheses for innovative strategies in OSA management by interfering intermediates mechanisms associated with cardiovascular complications. We have thus initiated the Epigenetics modification in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (EPIOSA) study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02131610). EPIOSA is a prospective cohort study aiming to recruit 350 participants of caucasian ethnicity and free of other chronic or inflammatory diseases: 300 patients with prevalent OSA and 50 non-OSA subjects. All of them will be follow-up for at least 5 years. Recruitment and study visits are performed in single University-based sleep clinic using standard operating procedures. At baseline and at each one year follow-up examination, patients are subjected to a core phenotyping protocol. This includes a standardized questionnaire and physical examination to determine incident comorbidities and health resources utilization, with a primary focus on cardiovascular events. Confirmatory outcomes information is requested from patient records and the regional Department of Health Services. Every year, OSA status will be assessed by full sleep study and blood samples will be obtained for immediate standard biochemistry, hematology, inflammatory cytokines and cytometry analysis. For biobanking, aliquots of serum, plasma, urine, mRNA and DNA are also obtained. Bilateral carotid echography will be performed to assess subclinical atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis progression. OSA patients are treated according with national guidelines. EPIOSA will enable the prospective evaluation of inflammatory and epigenetics mechanism involved in cardiovascular complication of treated and non-treated patients with OSA compared with non OSA subjects.

  14. Evaluation of breast MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy for the detection of breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loriaux, C.; Baeyens, L.; Paternot, J.; Martin, P.; Verhas, M. [Hospital Universitaire Brugmann, Bruxelles (Belgium). Service de Medecine Nucleaire et Clinique de Senologie

    1997-12-31

    Full text. The aim of the work was to appreciate the contribution of MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy for the detection of breast cancer and to situate this procedure in comparison with mammography 5 (X-ray M) and echography (E C). 21 patients presenting suspected lesion on clinical evaluation/or mammography were referred to the department for breast MIBI-Tc 99 m scintigraphy. 10 min after IV injection of MIBI-Tc 99 m 3 planar scan were realized with a present time of 10 min. The whole investigation including X-ray and surgical procedures were performed within 15 days. The pathologic findings were: 21 malignant lesion (18 canal cancers, 3 lobular cancers), 4 benign lesions (1 fibroadenoma, 2 granuloma, 1 fibrocystic disease). Lesions were bilateral in 3 cases and there was 1 bifocal lesion. 17 tumours were palpable and 8 not palpable, 10 lesion were <1 cm (40%), 9 were between 1,1 and 2,5 cm (36%) and 7 were >2,5 cm (24%). The overall sensitivity and specificity for MIBI-Tc 99 m were 67% and 75% respectively. For the group of palpable tumours, sensitivity of MIBI-Tc 99 m was 86%. In three cases, the X-ray M was difficult to interpret, the MIBI-Tc 99 m was true positive. In 3 false positive X-ray M procedures, the scintigraphy was true negative but, whatever the size of the tumor the best sensitivity was obtained with X-ray M (71%) and E C (70%) while for MIBI Tc-99 m, sensitivity was less (67%). MIBI-Tc 99 m appears to be a complementary tool in cases of difficulty of interpretation of mammography particularly in case of recurrence of the disease

  15. Pheochromocytoma as a rare cause of hypertension in a 46 X, i(X)(q10) turner syndrome: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Ji Yeon; Kim, Bo Hyun; Kim, Young Keum; Kim, Tae Hwa; Kim, Eun Heui; Lee, Min Jin; Kim, Jong Ho; Jeon, Yun Kyung; Kim, Sang Soo; Kim, In Joo

    2018-05-10

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) presents the most serious health problems and contributes to the increased mortality in young women with Turner syndrome. Arterial hypertension in Turner syndrome patients is significantly more prevalent than that in a general age-matched control group. The aetiology of hypertension in Turner syndrome varies, even in the absence of cardiac anomalies and obvious structural renal abnormalities. Pheochromocytoma is an extremely rare cause among various etiologies for hypertension in patients with Turner syndrome. Here, we reported a pheochromocytoma as a rare cause of hypertension in Turner syndrome patient. A 21-year-old woman who has diagnosed with Turner syndrome with a karyotype of 46,X,i(X)(q10) visited for hypertension and mild headache. Transthoracic echography (TTE) showed no definite persistent ductus arteriosus shunt flow and cardiac valve abnormalities. Considering other important secondary causes like pheochromocytoma, hormonal studies were performed and the results showed increased serum norepinephrine, serum normetanephrine, and 24 h urine norepinephrine. We performed an abdominal computed tomography (CT) to confirm the location of pheochromocytoma. Abdominal CT showed a 1.9 cm right adrenal mass. I-131 meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy showed a right adrenal uptake. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed and confirmed a pheochromocytoma. After surgery, blood pressure was within normal ranges and postoperative course was uneventful, and no recurrence developed via biochemical tests and abdominal CT until 24 months. Our case and previous literatures suggest that hypertension caused by pheochromocytoma which is a rare but important and potentially lethal cause of hypertension in Turner syndrome. This case underlines the importance of early detection of pheochromocytoma in Turner syndrome. Clinicians should keep in mind that pheochromocytoma can be a cause of hypertension in patients with Turner syndrome.

  16. Implementing large scale fast track diagnostics in a comprehensive cancer center, pre- and post-measurement data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Harten, W H; Goedbloed, N; Boekhout, A H; Heintzbergen, S

    2018-02-07

    In general, patients with a cancer suspicion visit the hospital multiple times before diagnosis is completed. Using various "operations management" techniques a few fast track diagnostic services were implemented in the Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI) in 2006. Growing patient numbers and increasing process complexity, led to diminished service levels. To decrease the amount of patient visits and to extend these services beyond the (obvious) breast cancer services, fast track diagnostics is now implemented for all 18 cancer types that present with a frequency of minimally one per week. The throughput time (first visit to diagnosis conversation) was measured before, and after implementation of fast track diagnostics. The process was redesigned closely involving the multidisciplinary teams. In an eclectic approach elements from lean management, theory of constraints and mathematical analysis were used to organize slots per tumor type for MRI, CT, PET and echography. A post measurement was performed after 3 and 6 months. In pre measurement access time was calculated to be 10 to 15 workdays, mean throughput time was 6.0 workdays. It proved possible to design the process of 18 tumors as a fast track, of which 7 as "one stop shop" (diagnosis completed in one visit). Involvement of clinical- and board leadership, massive communication efforts and commitment of physicians to reschedule their work proved decisive. After 3 and 6 months of implementation, the mean access time was 8.2 and 8.7 workdays respectively and mean throughput time was 3.4 and 3.3 workdays respectively. Throughput- and access time were considerably shortened after implementation of fast track diagnostics for 18 cancer types. The involvement of physicians in reorganizing their work and rapid responding to their needs during the implementation phase were a crucial success factor.

  17. Tumor vasoproliferativo de retina.: Reporte de dos casos Vasoproliferative retinal tumor.: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danaides Arencibia González

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El tumor vasoproliferativo de retina es una condición rara y benigna que presenta una lesión exudativa de retina periférica. La lesión puede ser clasificada en primaria (idiopática o secundaria a otros procesos oculares. Las opciones terapéuticas incluyen observación, crioablación tisular, fotocoagulación láser, remoción quirúrgica mediante vitrectomía, terapia fotodinámica y braquiterapia epiescleral con isótopos radioactivos, asociadas o no al uso de antiangiogénicos o antiinflamatorios, siendo la elección de la modalidad de manejo particular en cada caso. Presentamos dos casos en pacientes femeninas portadoras de esta condición de los que describimos las características más importantes del cuadro clínico, retinografías, angiografía fluoresceínica y ecografía, así como el manejo y curso evolutivo-terapéutico.Vasoproliferative retinal tumor is a rare and benign condition that presents as an exudative lesion in the peripheral retina. The lesion can be classified in primary (idiopathic or secondary to other ocular processes. Therapeutic options include observation, cryotherapy, laser photocoagulation, surgical removal by pars plana vitrectomy, photodynamic therapy and epiescleral brachytheraphy with radio-active isotopes associated or not to the use of anti-angiogenic or anti-inflammatory drugs. The selection of a particular management modality depends on the type of case. Two female patients affected with this condition were presented; the most important characteristics in their clinical pictures, as well as the results of other tests as retinography, fluorescent and ICG angiography and echography were described. The management and the therapeutical and evolutive course of both patients were also discussed.

  18. [The advantages of early midtrimester targeted fetal systematic organ screening for the detection of fetal anomalies--will a global change start in Israel?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronshtein, Moshe; Solt, Ido; Blumenfeld, Zeev

    2014-06-01

    Despite more than three decades of universal popularity of fetal sonography as an integral part of pregnancy evaluation, there is still no unequivocal agreement regarding the optimal dating of fetal sonographic screening and the type of ultrasound (transvaginal vs abdominal). TransvaginaL systematic sonography at 14-17 weeks for fetal organ screening. The evaluation of over 72.000 early (14-17 weeks) and late (18-24 weeks) fetal ultrasonographic systematic organ screenings revealed that 96% of the malformations are detectable in the early screening with an incidence of 1:50 gestations. Only 4% of the fetal anomalies are diagnosed later in pregnancy. Over 99% of the fetal cardiac anomalies are detectable in the early screening and most of them appear in low risk gestations. Therefore, we suggest a new platform of fetal sonographic evaluation and follow-up: The extensive systematic fetal organ screening should be performed by an expert sonographer who has been trained in the detection of fetal malformations, at 14-17 weeks gestation. This examination should also include fetal cardiac echography Three additional ultrasound examinations are suggested during pregnancy: the first, performed by the patient's obstetrician at 6-7 weeks for the exclusion of ectopic pregnancy, confirmation of fetal viability, dating, assessment of chorionicity in multiple gestations, and visualization of maternal adnexae. The other two, at 22-26 and 32-34 weeks, require less training and should be performed by an obstetrician who has been qualified in the sonographic detection of fetal anomalies. The advantages of early midtrimester targeted fetal systematic organ screening for the detection of fetal anomalies may dictate a global change.

  19. Predictors of cognitive impairment assessed by Mini Mental State Examination in community-dwelling older adults: relevance of the step test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscari, Antonio; Spiller, Ilaria; Bianchi, Giampaolo; Fabbri, Elisa; Forti, Paola; Magalotti, Donatella; Pandolfi, Paolo; Zoli, Marco

    2018-07-15

    Several predictors of cognitive impairment assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) have previously been identified. However, which predictors are the most relevant and what is their effect on MMSE categories remains unclear. Cross-sectional and longitudinal study using data from 1116 older adults (72.6 ± 5.6 years, 579 female), 350 of whom were followed for 7 years. At baseline, the following variables were collected: personal data, marital status, occupation, anthropometric measures, risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health and physical activity during the last week. Furthermore, routine laboratory tests, abdominal echography and a step test (with measurement of the time needed to ascend and descend two steps 20 times) were performed. The associations of these variables with cross-sectional cognitive deficit (MMSE cognitive decline (decrease of MMSE score over 7 years of follow-up) were investigated using logistic regression models. Cross-sectional cognitive deficit was independently associated with school education ≤ 5 years, prolonged step test duration, having been blue collar or housewife (P ≤ 0.0001 for all) and, with lower significance, with advanced age, previous stroke and poor recent physical activity (P cognitive decline was mainly associated with step test duration (P = 0.0001) and diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.0002). The MMSE categories mostly associated with step test duration were orientation, attention, calculation and language, while memory appeared to be poorly or not affected. In our cohort of older adults, step test duration was the most relevant predictor of cognitive impairment. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. [Is our approach to thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid carcinoma in agreement with the American guideline and European consensus?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez Sáez, José Manuel

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the approaches of specialists in Spain to patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid carcinoma and to compare them with the American guideline and European consensus. We performed a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire addressed to clinical endocrinologists specialized in thyroid cancer and specialists in nuclear medicine throughout Spain. A total of 177 questionnaires were completed, representing an overall response rate of 85%; 74% of responses were from endocrinologists and 24% from physicians active in nuclear medicine; 82% of respondents worked in third-level hospitals, 10% in second level hospitals and the remainder in private practice. Most used ultrasonography and cytology to assess thyroid nodules and collaborated with a group of surgeons expert in thyroid surgery. The majority preferred total or subtotal thyroidectomy in tumors with a diameter of 1 cm or more, and systematic lymph node dissection. Only 43 (24%) preferred prophylactic central lymph node dissection. Eighty-one respondents (45%) would still use whole body scan with ¹³¹I or ¹²³I before ¹³¹I ablation. Follow-up was based on cervical echography and thyroglobulin determination; however, 101 (57%) respondents continued to use diagnostic whole body scan in the follow-up. The approaches of the respondents were mainly in accordance with the guideline and consensus, although some variations were found, especially in the use of whole body scan with ¹³¹I before ablation and in follow-up. Copyright © 2010 SEEN. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  1. Hepato-biliary effects of mucoviscidosis: use of Mebrofenine scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perrin-Fayolle, O.; Morelec, I.; Gilly, R.; Roche, S.; Sappey-Marinier, D.; Briere, J.; Bonmartin, A.; Bellon, G.

    1997-01-01

    The objective of this work is the scintigraphic profile of patients afflicted with mucoviscidosis with portal hypertension (PHT) and the questions whether there exists a criterion to characterized the first stage of fibrosis as well as whether exist in this stage lesions of hepato cellular insufficiency (HCI). The method of the work implied the study of the dynamics of 60 minutes after injecting 40 - 120 MBq of Mebrofenine in 18 patients, 9 presenting a certain PHT, and 9, signs of hepatobiliary affliction without genuine PHT. In the population with PHT, all patients presented a splenomegaly, a very heterogeneous fixation and a retention of the tracer in the intrahepatic-biliary tracts (IHBT) with augmentation of T 1/2 in 5 cases; 8 presented a diminution of the hepatic extraction fraction (HEF), serving as control of HCI. In the population without PHT 2 patients are normal. In the other seven, the most frequently found anomalies are the accumulation of tracer in the IHBT (5/7) and the hepatic heterogeneity (4/7). HEF is low in one case. No dilatation was visible by echography. In conclusion, the accumulation in the IHBT (14 patients, 9 PHT and 5 non PHT) expresses the presence of a functional stasis without organic effects (no echographic dilatation), consequence of a obstruction of biliary ducts by mucus plugs due to dehydration of the bile. The HEF, labeller of HCI, is low in 8 PHT and in one non-PHT, hence tardy in the evolution of the disease, the portal cirrhosis occurring at more on less long term. This parameter can not be considered as a labeller of fibrosis, on the contrary, the accumulation of this tracer in the IHBT and the hepatic heterogeneity seems more interesting for an early detection and start of a preventive treatment

  2. Value of magnetic resonance imaging in prenatal diagnosis of placental accretism; Valor da ressonancia magnetica no diagnostico antenatal do acretismo placentario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Francisco, Viviane Vieira; Goldman, Suzan Menasce; Faria, Juliano; Szejnfeld, Jacob [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Escola Paulista de Medicina. Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: vieira_francisco@uol.com.br

    2006-12-15

    Purpose: to establish the main signs of placental accretism in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with clinical suspicion and to estimate the benefit of this method. Methods: prospective transversal study with 15 patients suspected of placental accretism, referred between March 2003 and February 2006. Gestational age varied from 20 to 31 weeks. All patients underwent MRI to study the placenta and had previously done an ultrasonography. Material was sent to histological study. MRI was done on Magnetom Impact and Sonata Maestro Class Siemens{sup R}, with acquired sequences HASTE, TURBO SPIN in axial, sagittal, coronal planes and echo gradient (GE{sup R}), pre- and post-dynamic contrast in the best plan for acquisition. Images were analyzed by a team of two radiologists. Results: mean gestational age was 24.3 weeks. We studied seven placenta previa (47%), six anterior placentas (40%) and two posterior placentas (13%). Ultrasonography was positive in 80% of the placentas and MRI in 53%. However, echography had a low concordance with anatomic pathological studies by Kappa test (11%), revealing 75% of sensitivity, 14% of specificity, 50% as positive predictive value (PPV) and 33% as negative predictive value (NPV). MRI had an excellent concordance with anatomic pathological studies (0.86), showing 100% of sensitivity, 86% of specificity, 89% as PPV and 100% as NPV. Conclusions: MRI is useful for placental accretism diagnosis. The principal findings are transmural hyper-signal, the loss of continuity in myometrial wall in fast sequences and the identification of vessels invading myometrial layer in dynamic sequences. (author)

  3. Cerebral infarction attributable to cerebrovascular fibromuscular dysplasia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shimazaki, Haruo

    2008-01-01

    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a noninflammatory, nonatheromatous segmental angiopathy. The renal arteries are affected most commonly, followed by the internal carotid and vertebral arteries. FMD of the internal carotid and vertebral arteries usually occurs in the extracranial portions and is mostly observed at the level of the second cervical vertebra. FMD of the intracranial arteries is rare, but tends to occur in children and young adults. FMD is more common in females than in males, and it is often observed in middle-aged women. Although the etiology of FMD is not well understood, several mechanisms have been proposed, such as genetic predisposition, hormonal factors, and arterial wall ischemia. The pathology of FMD is characterized by smooth muscle hyperplasia or thinning, elastic fiber destruction, fibrous tissue proliferation, and arterial wall disorganization. Cerebrovascular fibromuscular dysplasia (cFMD) is relatively rare in Japan but is regarded as one of the cardinal causes of stroke in the younger population. cFMD without complications causes nonspecific symptoms such as headache or vertigo, but when it results in an arterial dissection or aneurysm, it leads to cerebral infarction or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Conventional angiographic findings mostly reveal a pattern called the 'string of beads', which is pathologically correlated to medial fibromuscular dysplasia. Doppler echography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) may be useful for detecting cFMD lesions in some cases. MRA should be performed to rule out the presence of intracranial aneurysms. Antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents are prophylactics against cFMD complications. Surgical treatments such as graduated intraluminal dilatation had previously been the mainstays for treating cFMD. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stenting has now become the preferred invasive treatment for symptomatic cFMD. (author)

  4. PRIMARY CHOROIDAL MALIGNANT LYMPHOMA:REPORT OF A CASE AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Asadi Amoli

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL is one of the masquerade syndromes of malignant melanoma that can occur with two main patterns of presentations in the eye: metastatic involvement of uveal tract, and primary involvement of retina. We report ophthalmic, imaging and histopathological findings in the first case diagnosed as primary choroidal NHL without central nervous system or systemic involvement. A 37-year-old woman presented with the complaint of severe visual loss in her right eye. Significant ocular finding included light perception of vision (LP, 2+ APD, 2+ cells in vitreous and intraocular pressure of 46 mmHg. Fundoscopic examination revealed exudative retinal detachment. Ocular echography showed choroidal thickening in addition to retinal detachment. MRI showed semilunar shape lesion in the posterior right globe suggesting choroidal melanoma. Systemic work-up could not reveal any underlying cause. The patient underwent enucleation with clinical suggestion of choroidal melanoma. Result of histological examination showed NHL (diffuse large Bcell type of choroid. Immunohistochemical staining showed negative staining for HMB-45 and CD3, positive staining for LCA, and CD20. Multiple periodic lumbar puncture, bone marrow biopsies and MRI were unremarkable. No recurrence of tumor in systemic work-up was noted during the 36-months follow-up. Primary choroidal NHL is one of the causes of generalized thickening of choroid and should be considered in differential diagnosis of malignant melanoma. It is recommended to perform fine needle biopsy before performing surgery in any patient who has had an atypical malignant melanoma. This is, so far as we know, the first case diagnosed as primary choroidal NHL.

  5. Open surgery assisted by the neuronavigator, a stereotactic, articulated, sensitive arm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, E; Mayanagi, Y; Kosugi, Y; Manaka, S; Takakura, K

    1991-06-01

    A new computed tomographic-stereotactic device that translates the operating point onto preoperative computed tomographic (CT) images, the Neuronavigator, has been developed. We have applied this system to various neurosurgical procedures to examine its usefulness. The system consists of a 6-joint sensing arm and a 16-bit personal computer. It projects the location of the arm tip onto a corresponding CT slice with a cursor that guides the surgeon toward the intracranial target during open surgery. The system also projects the location of the tip onto angiograms, and when used in conjunction with echography or a transcranial Doppler (TCD) flow meter, the surgeon's ability to navigate is enhanced. Sixty-eight patients underwent operation with the Neuronavigator. The navigation system worked as the core of a multimodal three-dimensional data base that proved to be useful during surgery. The maximum detection error was 2.5 mm, which was considered sufficient for open microsurgery. It also proved useful in designing the position of a craniotomy, in targeting deep-seated mass lesions, and in tracing the tumor edge, which had been identified on a CT scan. When the angiogram was combined with the navigator, it became easy to identify key vessels within a small operating field. The system was also combined with a TCD flow meter. This combination makes it possible to translate the measuring point of the TCD directly into CT coordinates, improving the precision of location of the TCD probe. The Neuronavigator combines various diagnostic images into one database and effectively guides the surgeon during surgery.

  6. [Foetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. A review and case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Wilhelmi, P; Aranguren, A; Muñiz, E; Aranburu, E; Ezpeleta, I; Ardanaz, M F; Ayape, M L

    2008-01-01

    Foetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is the most common cause of severe thrombocytopenia in the newborn. It is an acute disorder which implies that foetal platelets are destroyed during the pregnancy due to a maternal alloimmune IgG antibody. More than 80% of Caucasians are HPA-1a specific. Intracranial haemorrhage, which occurs in 30% of cases, is the most serious complication, with a 10% mortality rate or a 20% rate of irreversible neurological sequels. The high risk of a recurrence of serious bleeding in future pregnancies led us to consider prophylaxis or prenatal treatment. An early diagnosis of this process allows an effective therapy to be carried out based on the infusion of compatible phenotype HPA platelets or endovenous immunoglobulins. We present the case of a 27 year old pregnant woman, who in the 35th week of a second pregnancy was diagnosed using echography with a bilateral foetal hydrocephaly. After caesarean delivery in the 36th week, the newborn presented haematomas in the left shoulder and gluteus, macrocephalia with tension of the fontanellas and hemorrhagic cerebrospinal fluid after insertion of an external ventricular derivation catheter. The haemogram revealed a severe trombocytopenia (9 x 109/L). In the light of clinical suspicion of foetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, infusion was made of platelets from a non-phenotyped donor for the HPA-1a system, and an endovenous immunoglobulin treatment was followed, with a recovery of platelet counts, but with neurological sequels that are probably irreversible. The immunohaematologal study confirmed the negative HPA-1a maternal phenotype, the neonatal HPA-1a positive phenotype and the presence of anti-HPA-1a alloantibodies in the maternal serum. Nowadays, the prophylaxis and treatment continue to be a controversial issue that is open to discussion, as is the possibility of implementing antenatal screening.

  7. High-protein-low-carbohydrate diet: deleterious metabolic and cardiovascular effects depend on age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedarida, Tatiana; Baron, Stephanie; Vessieres, Emilie; Vibert, Francoise; Ayer, Audrey; Marchiol-Fournigault, Carmen; Henrion, Daniel; Paul, Jean-Louis; Noble, Florence; Golmard, Jean-Louis; Beaudeux, Jean-Louis; Cottart, Charles-Henry; Nivet-Antoine, Valerie

    2014-09-01

    High-protein-low-carbohydrate (HP-LC) diets have become widespread. Yet their deleterious consequences, especially on glucose metabolism and arteries, have already been underlined. Our previous study (2) has already shown glucose intolerance with major arterial dysfunction in very old mice subjected to an HP-LC diet. The hypothesis of this work was that this diet had an age-dependent deleterious metabolic and cardiovascular outcome. Two groups of mice, young and adult (3 and 6 mo old), were subjected for 12 wk to a standard or to an HP-LC diet. Glucose and lipid metabolism was studied. The cardiovascular system was explored from the functional stage with Doppler-echography to the molecular stage (arterial reactivity, mRNA, immunohistochemistry). Young mice did not exhibit any significant metabolic modification, whereas adult mice presented marked glucose intolerance associated with an increase in resistin and triglyceride levels. These metabolic disturbances were responsible for cardiovascular damages only in adult mice, with decreased aortic distensibility and left ventricle dysfunction. These seemed to be the consequence of arterial dysfunctions. Mesenteric arteries were the worst affected with a major oxidative stress, whereas aorta function seemed to be maintained with an appreciable role of cyclooxygenase-2 to preserve endothelial function. This study highlights for the first time the age-dependent deleterious effects of an HP-LC diet on metabolism, with glucose intolerance and lipid disorders and vascular (especially microvessels) and cardiac functions. This work shows that HP-LC lead to equivalent cardiovascular alterations, as observed in very old age, and underlines the danger of such diet. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  8. The Valsalva manoeuvre versus tourniquet for venipuncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Gianluca; Chelazzi, Cosimo; Giua, Rosa; Lavacchini, Laura; Tofani, Lorenzo; Zagli, Giovanni; Barbani, Francesco; De Gaudio, A Raffaele; Romagnoli, Stefano; Pinelli, Fulvio

    2018-03-01

    During ultrasound-guided cannulation, venous filling is required for venipuncture. Tourniquet with an elastic tube at the axilla is the most common method to induce venous stasis for cannulation of the deep veins of the arm. Although effective, this method might be associated with short- and long-term complications. Valsalva manoeuvre has been used to produce venous filling in other extrathoracic veins. The aim of this observational study is to demonstrate the effect of Valsalva manoeuvre in respect of the elastic tourniquet on venous distention during echography-guided cannulation of the deep veins of the arm. Sixty-nine patients scheduled for cannulation of basilic or brachial vein were prospectively observed. Vein diameters were recorded at rest and after 10 s of Valsalva or tourniquet placement. The mean difference between basilic vein diameters during tourniquet and Valsalva manoeuvre was 0.006 mm (95% confidence interval = -inf, 0.09) with a standard deviation of 0.5 mm (95% confidence interval = 0.5, 0.7; p > 0.01). The mean difference between brachial vein diameters during tourniquet and Valsalva manoeuvre was 0.04 mm (95% confidence interval = -0.23, 0.15) with a standard deviation of 0.8 mm (95% confidence interval = 0.7, 0.9; p > 0.01). This increase in cross-sectional basilic and brachial vein diameters was not different to that obtained with the elastic tube tourniquet.

  9. [Ischemic stroke. Prevalence of cardiovascular causes documented by an extensive cardiovascular workup in 110 patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendriss, L; Khatouri, A

    2012-08-01

    The ischemic cerebrovascular accidents (I CVA) correspond to a pathology widely dominated by atherosclerosis and embolic cardiopathies. Our work aimed to determine the frequency of the cardiovascular diseases among the patients who were previously victims of an I CVA and the interest of the cardiovascular assessment in the etiologic inquest. We led a retrospective study in the cardiology service of the Avicenne military hospital of Marrakech about 110 cases of I CVA between January 2005 and August 2008. The electrocardiogram (ECG), Holter ECG, transthoracic echocardiography and Doppler echography of the cervical vessels were systematically made for all the patients. The transesophageal echocardiography was practice in a few patients. The average age of the patients was 60.8 years old (±12.14) with a male predominance (72%). Ninety-one percent of the patients presented at least one cardiovascular risk factor: hypertension (66.45%), diabetes (41.8%), smoking (35.45%). Cardiovascular antecedents were noted among 18.2% of the patients, the continuous atrial fibrillation comes first (9%). A carotid atheromatous excess was noted in 74 cases of which 24 with a significant plaque. The transesophageal echocardiography made to 13 patients showed a spontaneous echo contrast with a left atrial thrombus in four cases and a left atrial myxoma in one patient. Penetrating artery disease occupies 39%, large artery atherosclerosis 28% and cardiogenic stroke 18%. The cardiovascular assessment is indispensable, and the echocardiography is more interesting in presence of cardiopathy. Its therapeutic repercussion is modest. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  10. In-111-oxine labeled platelet scintigraphy for detection of intracardiac and intravascular thrombi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanano, Masaharu; Kimura, Michio; Ojima, Kenji [Niigata Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1984-06-01

    /sup 111/In-labeled platelet scintigraphy was carried out in 20 patients suspected of thrombosis, to evaluate its efficacy for the detection of intracardiac and intravascular thrombi. Hemostatic studies including PT, aPTT, fibrinogen, FDP, platelet retention by Hellem II method, platelet aggregation induced by ADP (1 ..mu..M, 10 ..mu..M), collagen (2 ..mu..g/ml) and arachidonate (2 mM), and platelet survival were examined simultaneously. Two of these patients were also studied by fibrinogen scintigraphy labeled with sup(99m)Tc. The platelets obtained from the patients were labeled with /sup 111/In-oxine according to a method originated by Yui et al. In the platelet scintigram, positive findings were demonstrated in 9 cases : 2 left ventricular, 3 left atrial, and 4 vascular thrombi. These were in a good accordance to the findings obtained by at least one from angiography, echography and surgery. Platelet aggregation induced by 1 ..mu..M ADP was elevated in 4 of the 7 patients with positive findings and 3 of the 7 patients with negative findings. Shortened platelet survivals were observed in two of the 10 patients; dissecting aortic aneurysm and infective prosthetic valve endocarditis with hepatosplenomegaly. There was no significant difference in the platelet function and the platelet survival between the patients with positive and negative findings. It was difficult to detect thrombi by the fibrinogen scintigraphy labeled with sup(99m)Tc in the two patients studied. In conclusion, /sup 111/In-labeled platelet scintigraphy seems to be very useful to detect thrombi.

  11. Adrenal rest tissue in gonads of patients with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia: multicenter study of 45 French male patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierre, Peggy; Despert, François; Tranquart, François; Coutant, Régis; Tardy, Véronique; Kerlan, Véronique; Sonnet, Emmanuel; Baron, Sabine; Lorcy, Yannick; Emy, Philippe; Delavierre, Dominique; Monceaux, Françoise; Morel, Yves; Lecomte, Pierre

    2012-12-01

    Several cases of testicular adrenal rest tumours have been reported in men with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to the classical form of 21-hydroxylase deficiency but the prevalence has not been established. The aims of this report were to evaluate the frequency of testicular adrenal rest tissue in this population in a retrospective multicentre study involving eight endocrinology centres, and to determine whether treatment or genetic background had an impact on the occurrence of adrenal rest tissue. Testicular adrenal rest tissue (TART) was sought clinically and with ultrasound examination in forty-five males with CAH due to the classical form of 21-hydroxylase deficiency. When the diagnosis of testicular adrenal rest tumours was sought, good observance of treatment was judged on biological concentrations of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP), delta4-androstenedione, active renin and testosterone. The results of affected and non-affected subjects were compared. TART was detected in none of the 18 subjects aged 1 to 15years but was detected in 14 of the 27 subjects aged more than 15years. Five patients with an abnormal echography result had no clinical signs. Therapeutic control evaluated at diagnosis of TART seemed less effective when diagnosis was made in patients with adrenal rest tissue compared to TART-free subjects. Various genotypes were observed in patients with or without TART. Due to the high prevalence of TART in classical CAH and the delayed clinical diagnosis, testicular ultrasonography must be performed before puberty and thereafter regularly during adulthood even if the clinical examination is normal. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. CATHARE Approach Recommended by EDF/SEPTEN for Training (or other) Simulators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pentori, B.; Iffeneckeft, F.; Poizat, F.

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes EDF's approach to NSSS thermal-hydraulics - this is the crucial module in a real-time simulator (this constraint relaxes requirements in respect of neutronics) because it determines the simulator's scope of application. The approach has involved several stages: (1) Existing full-scalers (1980-85 design), equipped with a five-equation primary model (about 40 nodes), coupled with a three-equation axial model of the SG secondary side (plus a very simple model for refilling/venting and draining), which can simulate only a small, 2-inch LOCA and up to 15 bar primary-system pressure; (2) SIPA(CT) and the new full-scalers at Fessenheim and Bugey (1990-95 design). These tools feature Cathare-Simu, an outgrowth of CATHARE 1 (six primary-system equations, four secondary-side equations, at least 187 nodes - extended to the steam header, implicit digital processing, possible parallelisation): this model permits simulation of breaks of up to 12 inches and at very low primary-system pressure; (3) SCAR (1995-2000 design) will be adapted from the CATHARE 2 design code (six equations everywhere, non condensables, 2D and 3D modules), and will allow simulator processing of all operating conditions (except for a severe accident, in the strict sense of core melt), including scenarios based on 481 broken primary piping, at atmospheric pressure. Only the fine-modelling capabilities of CATHARE make it possible to add genuine echographies to the traditional Man Machine Interface. (author)

  13. Vascular rings in Bucaramanga 1999-2002: clinical Series and revision of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    L M, Sosa Avila; J, Niederbacher; O, Fernandez; A, Duran

    2003-01-01

    They are denominated vascular rings to the group of early anomalies of the embryologic development of the aortic arches that they cause a spectrum of clinical manifestations for the compression of the air way and of the digestive tract. The authors report 8 cases presented among 1999-2002, with an average of age of 10 months at the moment of the diagnosis, 6 arches aortic right and two with double aortic arch. The strider from the birth and the syndrome appearance bronchia-obstructive during the first month was presented in all the cases and the digestive manifestations as dysphagia they accompanied to the cases of double aortic arch. The thorax x-ray allowed valuing the aortic arch it forms the shepherd's aortic crook and of the right the artery right subclavian in 62.5%, and the echography in 100% of the cases; the x-ray of digestive roads evidenced fixed notch in 71% of the cases. The echocardiogram allowed evaluating the origin of the glasses anomalous of the shepherd's crook in 62.5%. It was carried out surgical treatment in 87,5% of the cases, with complications pos-surgical in 1/7 consistent in chylethorax, and subcutaneous emphysema. The authors recommend evaluating for vascular ring to everything recently born with strider and rough obstruction by means of thorax x-ray, x-ray of digestive roads and echocardiogram. In selected cases it would be practiced endoscopy of the air way and the aortogram or the magnetic resonance of the thorax and their vessel for confirmation of the definitive diagnosis

  14. Role of 18F-F.D.G. PET/CT in management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sibille, L.; Guillemard, S.; Eberle-Pouzeratte, M.C.; Espitalier-Riviere, C.; Faurous, P.; Artus, J.C.; Thezenas, S.; Lamy, P.J.; Rossi, M.

    2010-01-01

    18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT by combining both metabolic and anatomical information has proven to be an effective modality for detecting many types of cancer. Some differentiated forms of cancer like differentiated thyroid carcinoma (D.T.C.) are less F.D.G. avid and thus less easily detectable. Nevertheless 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT has been proved useful in D.T.C. especially in case of suspected recurrent disease with negative whole-body radioiodine scintigraphy ( 131 I W.B.S.) and elevated thyroglobulin (Tg) or thyroglobulin autoantibodies (AbTg) levels. Impact on clinical management after 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT examinations has been analyzed in patients with suspected recurrent D.T.C. in this retrospective study. Methodology. Fifty-five 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT were performed in 45 patients with suspected recurrent or residual disease either because of elevated Tg/AbTg levels (n 45) or uncertain conventional imaging (n = 10) including 131 I W.B.S., cervical echography and CT scan if necessary. 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT results were compared with histopathology and/or clinical follow-up with evaluation of impact on clinical management. Results. Twenty-nine exams were positive (53 %). There were 20 true-positive (T.P.) (14 locoregional relapses and six with distant metastases) and nine false-positive (F.P.) (all cervical). SUV max median values of hyper-metabolic foci were significantly higher in T.P. (5.1) than in F.P. (2.8). Overall, 20 (36 %) 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT directly affected clinical management resulting in 13 (65 %) new surgical operations. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive positive value, predictive negative value and accuracy of 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT were estimated for the whole group (respectively 83 %, 71 %, 69 %, 85 % and 76 %) and for two subgroups depending on Tg level (less or more than 1.2 ng/ml). Discussion and conclusion. 18 F-F.D.G. PET/CT is a powerful and useful tool in patients with suspected D.T.C. recurrence or residual disease and should be systematically performed when

  15. Correlation of the Structural Changes in the Thyroid Gland with Clinical and Laboratory Parameters in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.Yu. Uzvenko

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of the study on the influence of clinical and laboratory parameters on the presence of structural changes in the thyroid gland (TG of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM type 2. Objective — to evaluate the frequency and nature of the structural changes in the TG in DM type 2. Materials and methods. We have examined 122 patients, including 92 — with type 2 DM, and 30 — with obesity without DM type 2 (47 men and 75 women. Control group consisted of individuals without DM symptoms and obesity (n = 35. Examined groups did not differ by the age and sex. Results. In patients with type 2 DM, thyroid pathology was detected in 93.5 % of cases, in obesity without diabetes — in 86.7 %. These figures are significantly higher than population level (65.7 %. Structural changes in the form of nodules are detected significantly more often in DM type 2 (55.4 %. In general, nodules occurred 3.2 times more frequently in type 2 DM type than in obesity, and 4.9 times more often than in the control group. When comparing the nature of changes in the TG with clinical and laboratory parameters of DM type 2, it was found that with increasing duration of DM type 2, the number of nodules significantly increases. During insulin therapy in patients with DM, the percentage of thyroid nodules was significantly lower. Thyroid nodules are diagnosed significantly more frequently in the presence of microvascular complications and arterial hypertension. Nodules in type 2 DM were detected significantly more often in patients with obesity I degree than in patients with normal body mass (64.2 and 21.8 %, respectively (p < 0.01. Nodules of the TG are found significantly more often in patients with DM, in whom hepatic steatosis criteria were detected by echography of the liver (p < 0.05. Conclusions. Dynamic ultrasound examination of the TG in the duration of DM type 2 over five years, the presence of microangiopathy, obesity

  16. Thyrotoxic and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Kodai; Miyake, Takahito; Okada, Hideshi; Yamaji, Fuminori; Kitagawa, Yuichiro; Fukuta, Tetsuya; Yasuda, Ryu; Tanaka, Yoshihito; Okamoto, Haruka; Nachi, Sho; Doi, Tomoaki; Yoshida, Takahiro; Kumada, Keisuke; Yoshida, Shozo; Ushikoshi, Hiroaki; Toyoda, Izumi; Ogura, Shinji

    2017-06-23

    Thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis are rare, life-threatening, emergency endocrine diseases with various clinical manifestations. Here we report a case of a patient who simultaneously developed thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis and required intensive cardiovascular management. A 60-year-old Asian man experienced nausea and vomiting, and subsequently developed dyspnea and cold sweats while farming. His serum free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, and thyrotropin receptor antibody levels were elevated at 2.9 ng/dL, 7.2 pg/dL, and 4.7 IU/L, respectively. Serum thyrotropin levels were suppressed at less than 0.01 μIU/mL. Thyroid echography demonstrated no thyroid swelling (23 × 43 mm). A whole body computed tomography was performed for systemic evaluation. This revealed exophthalmos and a mass of size 57 × 64 mm in the anterior pararenal space. Based on these findings, we made an initial diagnosis of thyrotoxic crisis secondary to exacerbation of Grave's hyperthyroidism. Treatment was begun with an iodine agent at a dose of 36 mg/day, thiamazole at a dose of 30 mg/day, and hydrocortisone at a dose of 300 mg daily for 3 consecutive days. To control tachycardia, continuous intravenously administered propranolol and diltiazem infusions were given. At the same time, small doses of doxazosin and carvedilol were used for both alpha and beta adrenergic blockade. On hospital day 5, his blood pressure and serum catecholamine concentrations (adrenalin 42,365 pg/mL, dopamine 6409 pg/mL, noradrenalin 72,212 pg/mL) were still high despite higher beta blocker and calcium channel blocker doses. These findings contributed to the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis with simultaneous thyrotoxic crisis. We increased the doses of doxazosin and carvedilol, which stabilized his hemodynamic status. On hospital day 16, metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy showed high accumulation in the right adrenal gland tumor

  17. Journal of Gravitational Physiology, Volume 12, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Charles A. (Editor); Cogoli, Augusto (Editor); Hargens, Alan R. (Editor); Smith, Arthur H. (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    Processes; Orpheus 0 G or Ear in Microgravity to Establish Symptoms Concomittant of Inner and Middle Ear and Osteoporosis in Microgravity; Understanding Visual Perception in the Perspective of Gravity; Cortical Regions Associated with Orthostatic Stress in Conscious Humans; Restoration of Central Blood Volume: Application of a Simple Concept and Simple Device to Counteract Cardiovascular Instability in Syncope and Hemorrhage; WISE-2005: Integrative Cardiovascular Responses with LBNP during 60-Day Bed Rest in Women; Intracranial Pressure Increases during Weightlessness. A Parabolic Flights Study; Lower Limb & Portal Veins Echography for Predicting Risk of Thrombosis during a 90-D Bed Rest; Calf Tissue Liquid Stowage and Muscular and Deep Vein Distension in Orthostatic Tests after a 90-Day Head Down Bed Rest; Morphology of Brain Vessels in the Tail Suspended Rats Exposed to Intermittent 2 G; Alterations in Vasoreactivity of Femoral Artery Induced by Hindlimb Unweighting are Related to the Changes of Contractile Protein in Rats; and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia: A Marker of Decreased Parasympathetic Modulation after Short Duration.

  18. Hypofractionated stereotactic photon radiotherapy of posteriorly located choroidal melanoma with five fractions at ten Gy – Clinical results after six years of experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dunavoelgyi, Roman; Zehetmayer, Martin; Gleiss, Andreas; Geitzenauer, Wolfgang; Kircher, Karl; Georg, Dietmar; Schmidt-Erfurth, Ursula; Poetter, Richard; Dieckmann, Karin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate long-term safety and efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic photon radiotherapy with 5 five fractions at 10 Gy each in patients with centrally located choroidal melanoma. Materials and Methods: Ninety-one patients with centrally located choroidal melanoma were treated stereotactically at a linear accelerator with 6 MV photon beams with 5 fractions at 10 Gy each. Examinations were performed at baseline and every 3 months in the first 2 years, then every 6 months until 5 years and yearly thereafter. Median follow-up was 37.8 months (IQR 19.2–49.9). They included visual acuity assessment, routine ophthalmological examinations with fundoscopy, echography for measurement of tumor dimensions, medical examinations and, if necessary, fluorescein angiography. Results: Initial tumor base diameters, height and volume were 11.20 mm (IQR 9.10–13.70), 9.80 mm (IQR 7.80–11.70), 4.53 mm (IQR 3.33–6.43) and 253.8 mm 3 (IQR 127.5–477.0). Local tumor control and eye retention rates were 97.7% and 86.4% after 5 years, respectively. Eight patients developed metastatic disease and 3 of them died due to metastatic disease during the follow-up period. Median visual acuity decreased from 0.67 initially to 0.05 at the last individual follow-up (p < 0.001). The most common toxicities (any grade) were radiation retinopathy (n = 39), optic neuropathy (n = 32), radiogenic cataract (n = 21), neovascular glaucoma (n = 15) and dry eye syndrome (n = 10). The 5 year probabilities to remain free of these side effects (any grade) were 26.0%, 45.4%, 55.4%, 72.6% and 80.5%, respectively. The most important prognostic factors for toxicities were the largest tumor base diameter, tumor height and tumor distance to the optic disk. Conclusion: Hypofractionated stereotactic photon radiotherapy with a total dose of 50 Gy delivered in 5 fractions is a highly effective treatment option in patients with centrally located choroidal melanoma and has a moderate toxicity profile

  19. Interest of 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy in the diagnosis and therapeutic orientation of parathyroid ectopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben Rais, N.; Ghfir, I.

    2007-01-01

    Full text: The presence of an ectopic parathyroid gland is the most frequent cause of persistent hyperparathyroidism. Its detection constitutes a source of topographic diagnostic difficulty particularly for purely morphological explorations. The goal of this work is to elucidate the interest of double-phase planar scintigraphy using 99mTcsestamibi in the diagnosis and the therapeutic orientation of ectopic parathyroid through a clinical case explored in Nuclear Medicine department of Ibn Sina hospital in Rabat under the directives of Professor N Ben Rais. Case report: 35-year-old patient addressed to the department for an isotopic exploration of a persistent hyperparathyroidism after subtotal parathyroidectomy. The clinical examination was without particularity contrasting with phosphocalcic metabolism disorders and an always-high parathormone rate. Echography, computed tomography and resonance magnetic nuclear imagery were not conclusive. Scintigraphic exploration was carried out after intravenous injection of 20 mCi of sestamibi-Tc99m with acquisition, in double-phase, of static images at the 20th minute then at the 2nd hour after administration of radiotracer. The scintigraphy objectified a high uptake hearth, projecting itself to the right sterno-clavicular junction individualized at the first minutes of the acquisition and confirmed by the late images. The diagnosis of an ectopic parathyroid localization was retained. A marking and tattooing of the high uptake hearth at its cutaneous zone of projection was carried out to help the surgeon to find it. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed parathyroid adenoma tissue. The evolution was marked 2 months later by a remarkable normalisation of the rate of parathormone. Discussion: Scintigraphy using 99mTc-sestamibi indicates a means of functional exploration of which the sensitivity is significantly higher than the other means of morphological imagery. It is currently considered as the most

  20. The role of imaging in Graves' disease: A cost-effectiveness analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cappelli, C. [Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology Unit, University of Brescia (Italy)], E-mail: cappelli@med.unibs.it; Pirola, I.; De Martino, E.; Agosti, B.; Delbarba, A.; Castellano, M.; Rosei, E. Agabiti [Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Internal Medicine and Endocrinology Unit, University of Brescia (Italy)

    2008-01-15

    According to many guidelines, scintigraphy remains the first suggested diagnostic procedure in hyperthyroid patients in spite of the widespread availability of ultrasounds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of sonography versus scintigraphy in the management of Graves's disease, and to assess ultrasound features suggesting cancer in detecting thyroid nodules. Among 1470 hyperthyroid patients evaluated in our department from 2002 to 2005, 426 (29%) had Graves' disease: echographic and scintigraphic features were not suggestive of GD in 20/426 (4.8%) and 11/426 (2.6%) patients, respectively (p = 0.763), even if one of the two procedures was almost always diagnostic. Ultrasound identified 68/426 (16%) patients with a concomitant solid lesion, while scintigraphy detected only 9/426 (2.1%) 'cold' nodules (p < 0.001). Thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 30/68 (47.7%) patients. Malignancy presented at ultrasound investigation blurred margins (26.7% versus 15.8%), microcalcifications (33.3% versus 28.9%) and an anteroposterior and transverse diameter ratio {>=}1 (73.3% versus 71.1%); more frequently than benign nodules, but this was not statistically significant. The total cost to obtain a diagnosis by ultrasound was Euro 14645.34 ( Euro 13312.5 for echography + Euro 1332.84 for scintigraphy in the 29 patients 'negative' at echographic evaluation for GD) versus Euro 19922.71 by scintigraphy ( Euro 19578.96 for scan + Euro 343.75 for ultrasounds in the 11 patients 'negative' at scintigraphy). Our data show no difference in terms of diagnosis between sonography and scintigraphy. Indeed, scintigraphy was less sensitive in detecting nodules (often of malignant nature) than ultrasound, and, moreover, with a consequent increase of the direct cost of nodule management when scintigraphy is the first line procedure. In conclusion, according to our results, we suggest that ultrasounds with color-Doppler evaluation should

  1. Epidemiology of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in Morocco

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ben Rais, N.; Ghfir, I.

    2007-01-01

    Full text: The incidence of thyroid cancer has been in linear increase for several decades because of the evolution and the generalization of the means of diagnosis. The objective of our work is to carry out an epidemiologic approach of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in our country, with an evaluation of the recent review of literature. Materials and methods: Our work consists of a retrospective analysis of 3144 cases of differentiated thyroid carcinoma, followed in nuclear medicine department of Ibn Sina hospital in Rabat for a period of 12 years. Our evaluation parameters related to the incidence of thyroid carcinoma are age of onset, sex, size of tumor, histological type, evolution and risk factors. Results: The incidence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma was estimated in our country at 0,8 by 100000 inhabitants per year. The sex ratio was evaluated at 3,5/1 whereas the average age was 42,5 years. Papillary carcinoma represented 65,58 %, well differentiated follicular carcinoma 21,92 % and moderately differentiated carcinoma to 12,5%. The microcarcinomas were estimated at 8,1 %. The size of tumor at the time of diagnosis was higher than 2 cm in 70% of cases. The lymphatic extension was objectified in 47,6 % of papillary forms and 3,5 % of follicular carcinoma. Remote metastasis was found in 0,8 % of cases between 30 and 40 years and 4,71 % after the age of 40 years. Discussion: The cancer of thyroid is not very frequent. Indeed, its annual incidence throughout the world is 0,5 to 10 by 100.000 inhabitants with a clear female prevalence. The majority of cases occur between 15 and 50 years. This cancer is very rare in children less than 15 years. In Morocco, the incidence has increased these last decades like many countries in the world (0,8 by 100.000 inhabitants per year). We note, in addition, an increase in the prevalence of papillary microcarcinoma seeing the improvement of early tracking methods (echography, fine needle aspiration biopsy). The risk

  2. Clinical and biometrological efficacy of a hyaluronic acid-based mesotherapy product: a randomised controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baspeyras, Martine; Rouvrais, Céline; Liégard, Laetitia; Delalleau, Alexandre; Letellier, Sandrine; Bacle, Irène; Courrech, Laetitia; Murat, Pascale; Mengeaud, Valérie; Schmitt, Anne-Marie

    2013-10-01

    Data demonstrating the efficacy of hyaluronic acid (HA)-based mesotherapy for skin rejuvenation are scarce. The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of non-reticulated HA-based mesotherapy on skin elasticity and complexion radiance. 55 women with cutaneous ageing signs included in the Full Analysis Set (FAS) population blindly received intradermal micro-injections (50 × 0.02 mL) of non-cross-linked HA filler with mannitol (Glytone 1, HA concentration: 14 mg/g) in one cheek and saline physiological solution in the other according to hemifacial randomisation in 3 monthly sessions. Elasticity (E1 and E2 stiffness parameters) and dermis thickness were measured by cutometry and 20 MHz echography, before (D0) treatment and 1 (1M) and 3 months (3M) after the last injection. A trained panel blindly scored skin complexion radiance from standardised and calibrated photographs, using 100 mm analogue scales. In the FAS population, only HA filler significantly decreased E1 at 1M (-10.9 %, p = 0.026) and 3M (-10.5 %, p = 0.035) compared with D0; its effect versus the control tended to be more persistent, with a difference between treatments at 3M close to significance (p = 0.063). E2 also decreased at 1M (-8.2 %, p = 0.027 in the per protocol population, n = 53) and 3M after HA-treatment only. Dermis thickness significantly increased after HA-treatment at 1M (+3.4 %, p = 0.028) and 3M (+4 %, p = 0.008), and after control-treatment at 1M only (+2.5 %, p = 0.015). The HA filler significantly improved complexion radiance at 3M compared with the control (p = 0.012) and for 51 % of subjects, their skin status. Non-reticulated HA-based mesotherapy significantly and sustainably improves skin elasticity and complexion radiance.

  3. Contribution to the development and the modelling of an ultrasonic conformable phased array transducer for the contact inspection of 3D complex geometry components; Contribution au developpement et a la modelisation d'un traducteur ultrasonore multielements conformable pour l'inspection au contact de composants a geometrie complexe 3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guedes, O

    2005-04-15

    transmission and in echography, and showed it's capability to focus shear waves on contact through complex shape surfaces thanks to it's flexible structure. (author)

  4. CA.C.I.U.S.: Ultrasonic C imaging camera. Contribution to its study and its realization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moretti, Jean-Luc

    1980-10-01

    CA.C.I.U.S. is a dynamic imaging three-dimensional echographic camera. This device provides automatic C images which are frontal slices, orthogonal to the ultrasonic propagation. The detector has a cylindrical shape, its focal length of 250 mm and its size is 220 x 143 mm. The useful field is less large (170 x 143 mm) regarding the impossibility to use entirely the 73 elements electronic pattern on the edges. The emitting array is done in two parts. These two parts. The receiver is an electronically focused mono-dimensional array made of 147 elements (0,8 x 5 mm 2 ) spaced 0,7 mm apart, placed between the emitting arrays. These two arrays contain 22 strips of ten bent transducers (10 x 13,7 mm 2 ). The receiver elements are protected form the water of the tank by a loaded araldite layer of λ/4 thickness which allows a better uniformity response with the reception angle. The array elements are matched to 2.2 MHz, the basking is made of a multilayer plastic material (CELORON). This device allows a geometric focalization of the emission. The thickness of each slice C is 2 ± 0,5 cm, depending on its place in the frontal place (better in the center) and on the weighing factors adjusted at the back of the emitting array. The spatial resolution is 1.5 mm (F. W.H.M.) in the two axis orthogonal to the ultrasonic propagation. Several receivers were made. The electronic pattern was optimized by computer study, its results showed an improving of the image definition. Logarithmic amplifiers were used behind each element to allow simultaneous analysis of small echoes coming from the tissue itself and big boundary echoes. The array was placed in a tank filled with water closed by a double membrane. The visualization was obtained in a grey scale dynamic memory. Several emission reception synchronizations were studied. The slowest mode (1 image by second) gave the best signal on noise ratio. CA.C.I.U.S. demonstrates the reality of the slow dynamic C echography and the necessity

  5. Recovery of muscle function after deep neuromuscular block by means of diaphragm ultrasonography and adductor of pollicis acceleromyography with comparison of neostigmine vs. sugammadex as reversal drugs: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappellini, Iacopo; Picciafuochi, Fabio; Ostento, Daniele; Danti, Ginevra; De Gaudio, Angelo Raffaele; Adembri, Chiara

    2018-02-21

    block between patients who receive neostigmine and those who receive sugammadex. Postoperative residual curarization is a topic of paramount importance, because its occurrence can cause complications and increase the length of stay in hospital and the related costs. Diaphragm ultrasound assessment may become a bedside integrative tool in the neuromuscular monitoring field to detect concealed residual curarization in surgical patients who have received paralyzing agents. EudraCT, 2013-004787-62. Registered on 18 June 2014, as "Evaluation of muscle function recovery after deep neuromuscular blockade by acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis or diaphragmatic echography: comparison between sugammadex and neostigmine." ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02698969 . Registered on 15 February 2016, as "Recovery of Muscle Function After Deep Neuromuscular Block by Means of Diaphragm Ultrasonography and Adductor Pollicis Acceleromyography: Comparison of Neostigmine vs. Sugammadex as Reversal Drugs."

  6. [Contribution of hemodynamic disturbances in magistral vessels to optic neuropathy progression and ocular tension changes in endocrine ophthalmopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Likhvantseva, V G; Kharlap, S I; Korosteleva, E V; Solomatina, M V; Mel'nikova, M V; Budanova, S V; Regeb, A Ben; Vygodin, V A

    2015-01-01

    to investigate the contribution of various hemodynamic disturbances in magistral vessels to optic neuropathy (ON) progression and ocular tension changes in endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP). A total of 39 patients (78 eyes) with subclinical EOP (clinical activity score, CAS ≤ 2) associated with Graves' disease (n = 32, 64 eyes) or autoimmune thyroiditis (n = 7, 14 eyes) were examined. Orbit echography was performed in all patients. Blood flow was assessed with a Voluson 730 PRO ultrasound diagnostic system ("Kretz", Austria) in triplex mode (B-scan, color Doppler flow mapping in combination with pulse-wave Doppler). Thus obtained hemodynamic parameters in ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery (CRA), central retinal vein (CRV), short posterior ciliary arteries (SPCA), and long posterior ciliary arteries (LPCA) were analyzed. To reveal the role of hemodynamic disturbances in the above mentioned vessels in ON progression and eye pressure maintenance, the patients were divided into 7 groups. Only those eyes, whose peripheral indices were increased by more than 25% of normal values and diastolic blood flow decreased by not less than 25%, were selected for further study. Intraocular pressure changes were evaluated by group mean (Mmean = M ± m mmHg), optic neuropathy progression--by the difference in group mean depth (dB) and number of scotomas between the first and the last visit (6 months of observation). In almost all types of perfusion disturbances, the resultant chronic ocular ischemia causes a decrease in IOP. The only exception, as shown, is simultaneous involvement of CRA, SPCA, and LPCA. The level of blood flow disturbance determines the severity of qualitative and quantitative changes in eyes with EOP-associated ON. The rate of ON progression directly correlates with baseline IOP values on day zero. Long-lasting chronic impairment of blood supply of the eyeball leads to reduction in ocular tension and progression of optic neuropathy. Combined perfusion

  7. Íleo biliar:: complicación poco frecuente de la litiasis vesicular Biliary ileum:: an uncommon complication of vesicular lithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel González Sosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 80 años de edad, con antecedentes de diabetes mellitus de tipo II, cardiopatía isquémica y obesidad exógena, que ingresó de urgencia, por presentar un cuadro de dolor abdominal, varios vómitos y distensión abdominal de 3 días de evolución. De forma secundaria presentó una deshidratación moderada. En la radiografía simple de abdomen se constataron signos radiológicos de oclusión intestinal, que corroboraron una ecografía abdominal y una tomografía axial computadorizada de abdomen. Se corrigió el desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico y se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, en la que se encontró un cálculo grande enclavado en el íleon terminal. Se realizó una enterolitotomía con enterorrafia y resolvió el cuadro oclusivo. A los 16 días del alta, la paciente reingresa con un cuadro similar y al reintervenirla se constató la presencia de otro cálculo y de una fístula colecistogástrica, que involucraba la vesícula biliar y el antro gástrico. Se reparó mediante colecistectomía y gastrorrafia. Al final del transoperatorio la paciente presentó un episodio de fibrilación ventricular, con bradicardia extrema, y finalmente un paro en asistolia. Fue reanimada, pero la situación no se revirtió y la paciente falleció.This the case of a female patient aged 80 with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart failure and a exogenous obesity urgently admitted due to abdominal pain, vomiting and abdominal distention of 3 days course. In abdominal simple radiograph radiological signs of intestinal occlusion were confirmed corroborated by abdominal echography and CAT. Hydroelectrolytic imbalance was corrected performing an exploration laparotomy observing the presence of large calculus located in terminal ileum. An enterolithotomy with enterorrhaphy and occlusive picture was resolved. At 16 from discharge, patient is re-admitted with a similar situation and at re

  8. ULTRASONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF NECK MUSCULAR SIZE AND RANGE OF MOTION IN RUGBY PLAYERS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemelryck, Walter; Calistri, Josselin; Papadopoulou, Virginie; Theunissen, Sigrid; Dugardeyn, Christian; Balestra, Costantino

    2018-02-01

    in front row players compared to pack and back players for all age categories; Front row seniors also showed an increase in trapezius (T), splenius capitis (SCa), semispinalis capitis (SCb) and total thickness (TT), compared to back players. In regard of the differences in cervical values found between player positions, the implementation of both range of motion and echography muscle thickness assessments could serve to create an additional measurement for all front row players, that could complement current pre-participation screening used by rugby federations by objectively monitoring muscular size and motion amplitude around the cervical spine.

  9. Assessing the consequences of gestational diabetes mellitus on offspring's cardiovascular health: MySweetHeart Cohort study protocol, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Bernardo, Stefano; Mivelaz, Yvan; Epure, Adina Mihaela; Vial, Yvan; Simeoni, Umberto; Bovet, Pascal; Estoppey Younes, Sandrine; Chiolero, Arnaud; Sekarski, Nicole

    2017-11-14

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a state of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy. GDM carries prenatal and perinatal risks as well as long-term risks for the mother and her child. GDM may be involved in the foetal programming of long-term cardiovascular health. However, evidence is sparse and the effect of GDM on cardiovascular health is unknown. To address these issues, we will conduct MySweetHeart Cohort study. The objectives are to assess the effect of GDM on offspring's cardiovascular health early in life by using surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. This is a cohort study of 100 offspring of women with GDM and 100 offspring of women without GDM. At inclusion, a baseline assessment of the mothers will be conducted through means of self-report questionnaires, a researcher-administrated interview, blood pressure and anthropometric measurements, and a maternal blood sampling. Between the 30th and 34th weeks of gestation, a foetal echography will be performed to assess the foetal cardiac structure and function, the fetomaternal circulation and the hepatic volume. At birth, maternal and neonatal characteristics will be assessed. An echocardiography will be performed to assess cardiac structure and function 2-7 days after birth; carotid intima-media thickness will be also measured to assess vascular structure. MySweetHeart Cohort is linked to MySweetHeart Trial (clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02890693), a randomised controlled trial assessing the effect of a multidimensional interdisciplinary lifestyle and psychosocial intervention to improve the cardiometabolic and mental health of women with GDM and their offspring. A long-term follow-up of children is planned. Ethical approval has been obtained through the state Human Research Ethics Committee of the Canton de Vaud (study number 2016-00745). We aim to disseminate the findings through regional, national and international conferences and through peer-reviewed journals

  10. Diagnóstico ecocardiográfico de cardiopatías complejas fetales: Estudio de 9 años

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Pérez Ramírez

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio con ecocardiografía bidimensional a las pacientes que asistieron a la consulta de ultrasonido en el municipio Baracoa, provincia de Guantánamo, en el período comprendido entre enero de 1993 y diciembre del 2001, con el objetivo principal de demostrar la posibilidad de diagnosticar malformaciones cardíacas fetales complejas que no son de centros de referencias de esta afección. Entre otras variables analizadas se hallaron: efectividad del diagnóstico prenatal ecográfico de cardiopatías, tipos de cardiopatías diagnosticadas, tiempo gestacional en el momento de realizarse la ecografía, edad de la paciente embarazada, así como los resultados de las necropsias fetales. Entre los principales resultados que se obtuvieron están: que fueron diagnosticadas 21 cardiopatías, lo que representó el 84 %; la principal cardiopatía compleja diagnosticada fue el ventrículo único con 8; el tiempo gestacional más afectado fue el comprendido entre 25 y 34 semanas; el grupo etáreo más afectado fue el de 19 a 30 años. Se concluye señalando las principales alteraciones ecocardiográficas para este tipo de afección.A bidimensional echocardiography-based study was performed on patients that went to the ultrasound service department in the municipality of Baracoa, Guantánamo province, from January 1993 to December 2001. Its main objective was to prove the possibility of diagnosing complex fetal heart defects that do not correspond to reference centers of this disease. Some of the analyzed variables were: effectiveness of the prenatal echographic diagnosis of heart defects, types of diagnosed heart defects, gestational time at the moment of echography, age of the pregnant patient as well as the results of the fetal necropsies. Among the main results obtained were: twenty-one heart defects were diagnosed for 84% of the total; the main diagnosed heart defect was having only one ventricle in 8 cases; the most affected gestational

  11. Single-chip CMUT-on-CMOS front-end system for real-time volumetric IVUS and ICE imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurun, Gokce; Tekes, Coskun; Zahorian, Jaime; Xu, Toby; Satir, Sarp; Karaman, Mustafa; Hasler, Jennifer; Degertekin, F Levent

    2014-02-01

    Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and intracardiac echography (ICE) catheters with real-time volumetric ultrasound imaging capability can provide unique benefits to many interventional procedures used in the diagnosis and treatment of coronary and structural heart diseases. Integration of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) arrays with front-end electronics in single-chip configuration allows for implementation of such catheter probes with reduced interconnect complexity, miniaturization, and high mechanical flexibility. We implemented a single-chip forward-looking (FL) ultrasound imaging system by fabricating a 1.4-mm-diameter dual-ring CMUT array using CMUT-on-CMOS technology on a front-end IC implemented in 0.35-μm CMOS process. The dual-ring array has 56 transmit elements and 48 receive elements on two separate concentric annular rings. The IC incorporates a 25-V pulser for each transmitter and a low-noise capacitive transimpedance amplifier (TIA) for each receiver, along with digital control and smart power management. The final shape of the silicon chip is a 1.5-mm-diameter donut with a 430-μm center hole for a guide wire. The overall front-end system requires only 13 external connections and provides 4 parallel RF outputs while consuming an average power of 20 mW. We measured RF A-scans from the integrated single- chip array which show full functionality at 20.1 MHz with 43% fractional bandwidth. We also tested and demonstrated the image quality of the system on a wire phantom and an ex vivo chicken heart sample. The measured axial and lateral point resolutions are 92 μm and 251 μm, respectively. We successfully acquired volumetric imaging data from the ex vivo chicken heart at 60 frames per second without any signal averaging. These demonstrative results indicate that single-chip CMUT-on-CMOS systems have the potential to produce realtime volumetric images with image quality and speed suitable for catheter-based clinical applications.

  12. Bocio Goiter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Parlá Sardiñas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Bocio es todo aumento de volumen de la glándula tiroidea. Su patogenia está dada fundamentalmente por una disminución en los niveles circulantes de hormonas tiroideas, con el consiguiente aumento de los niveles de hormona tirotropa que provocan hipertrofia e hiperplasia de las células foliculares y dan lugar al aumento de volumen de la glándula. Se clasifica en bocio simple, nodular y puberal. Según la OMS se clasifica por grados desde el 0 al III, y de acuerdo con la etiología en endémico y esporádico. El diagnóstico se realiza por el interrogatorio, el examen físico y se apoya en estudios complementarios: los niveles de TSH y el ultrasonido. El tratamiento depende de la etiología, la edad y el momento fisiológico de aparición. Consta de 5 pilares: preventivo, conservador o expectante, medicamentoso, quirúrgico y el uso de radioyodo. El seguimiento es clínico, apoyado en la ecografía y estudios de la función tiroidea, durante el primer año cada 6 meses, y que, si no hay modificación, se repiten anualmente.Goiter is any increase of volume of the thyroid gland. The pathogenesis is mainly due to a reduction of the circulating levels of thyroid hormones, with the resulting rise of thyrotropin hormone levels that cause hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the follicular cells and give rise to the increased volume of the gland. It is classified as simple, nodular and pubertal goiter. According to the WHO, the degree-based classification goes from 0 to III, and according to etiology, it may be endemic and sporadic. The diagnosis of goiter is based on the questioning of the patient, the physical exam and supplementary studies as TSH levels and ultrasonography. The treatment depends on the etiology, the age of the patient, and the time of onset and has five pillars: preventive, preservative or expectant, pharmacological, surgical and the use of radioiodine. The clinical follow-up supports on echography and thyroid function studies every

  13. Clinical significance of thyroglobulin autoantibodies enhancement in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer after thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N V Severskaya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to evaluate the clinical utility of antithyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb as a tumor marker in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC after thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation. Patients and methods. From 345 consecutive DTC patients after thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation we select ed 148 patients with elevated TgAb level (with distant metastasis n = 93, without distant metastasis n = 55. Serum TgAb concentration was measured before radioiodine ablation and then every time before 131I treatment (RIT or diagnostic 131I whole body scanning (WBS. Results were compared with serum thyroglobulin (Tg concentration, neck echography, lung and bone roentgenography and 131I WBS findings. Results. TgAb level was elevated in 21% DTC patients before 131I ablation. The other 22% with initially normal TgAb displayed their rising during followup. In absence of distant metastasis TgAb declined after 1 st–2 nd cycle of RIT (an average 8.9 months after 131I ablation. Persistance or rising of TgAb in the longer term was associated with detectable thyroid remnant, residual tumor or metastatic lymph nodes. In case of negative TgAb status after sugery an increase of TgAb during first 3–6 months after ablation indicated mostly a response to the rise of Tg antigen secondary to 131I ablation. A rise TgAb in the longer term (after 3rd–5th cycles of RIT indicated to residual or recurrent disease in 86% cases. In patients with distant metastasis there were no correlation between change in TgAb concentration and clinical sta tus, including the rate of regression of metastatic disease. But in case of low or undetectable Tg and permanent high TgAb level only TgAb indicated the presence of disease. Conclusion: persistence or rising TgAb in longer term after 131I ablation can serve as surrogate tumor marker of per sistent or recurrent disease. It is critical to measure TgAb concentration, especially in patients with low or unde tectable Tg, because

  14. Contribution to the development and the modelling of an ultrasonic conformable phased array transducer for the contact inspection of 3D complex geometry components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guedes, O.

    2005-04-01

    transmission and in echography, and showed it's capability to focus shear waves on contact through complex shape surfaces thanks to it's flexible structure. (author)

  15. Change of the elasticity COEFFICIENT of the walls of the common carotid artery as a predictor of adverse cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients after ischemic hemispheric stroke. Results of one year observation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Lisovaya

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the relationship between carotid artery elastic properties and risk of recurrent coronary and cerebral ischemic events in III grade arterial hypertension patients after ischemic stroke. Methods. 102 mild-to-moderate arterial hypertension patients were enrolled to the scrutiny in 3 weeks after ischemic stroke and then they had been being studied prospectively for 12 months period regarding survival rate and unfavorable clinical outcomes. Clinical interviews were performed every 3 months during 1 year after blood sampling. Clinical events included the following: certainly diagnosed ischemic stroke or TIA; coronary ischemic events, sudden death, diabetes mellitus, and all cardiovascular events including chronic heart failure and hospitalization. Elastic properties of carotid artery were determined by high resolution B-modal echography. Results. Univariate analysis has found that age-, gender-, index NIHSS-, Barthel index- and Rankin score index-adjusted variable of total cardiovascular events positively correlated with the presence of type 2 diabetes (R=0.62; P =0.001, systolic BP (R=0.50; P=0.022, the total cholesterol levels (R=0.56; P =0.004, and LDL cholesterol in plasma (R=0,64; P =0,012, fasting blood glucose (R=0,56; P =0,014, and negatively correlated with distensibility coefficient (R=-0.80; P=0.009, cross-section compliance of the common carotid artery (R=-0.70; P=0.004, of pressure-straine elastic modulus (R=-0.64; P =0.041, and the Young's modulus (R=-0.52; P=0.011. Multivariate analysis showed that after exclusion of all indicators with a high level of mutual associations among the variables that have demonstrated the existence of an independent significant association in linear regression with a total value of cardiovascular events elasticity (R = -0,76; P = 0,006, the level of total MS (R = 0,55; P = 0,009, and LDL cholesterol in plasma (R = 0,62; P = 0,014, diabetes mellitus type 2 (R = 0,62; P = 0

  16. Ultrasound monitoring of vitreous in pre and postLasik patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Alvarado, MD

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Title: Echografic Vitreoretinal Findings afterLaser In Situ Keratomileusis.Objective: To report the echographic changesobserved in the vitreous of patients followingLasik. Design: Prospective, observational,descriptive study. Method: We performed anultrasound of the vitreous of patients elegiblefor refractive surgery. Vitreous Changes weremeasured by video B scan ultrasonographybefore and at the first and third month after Lasikat Fundación Oftalmológica Nacional betweenJune 2002 and March 2003. Results: A total of16 patients, 67% women, 33% men, mean ageof 31.6 years (range between 22 and 40 years.A total of 29 eyes were studied, 16 right and 13left for a total of 87 echographies. The refractiveerrors in a range of -10.50 and +3.50 of sphericalequivalent. There were 24 myopic and 5hypermetropic eyes. The vitreous changes correspondedto a posterior vitreous detachment(PVD and the presence of opacities in thevitreous. At the beginning of the study 18 eyes(62% had evidenced PVD and all of the 29 eyes(100% had opacities; At the end of the controls changes were evidenced in 22 eyes (81%, thevitreous opacities increased in 14 eyes (48.27%,while they remained without changes in 15 eyes(51.7%. The presence of newly developed PVDwas documented in 10 eyes (30 %, there was anincrease of PVD in 8 eyes (27.5%, and in onecase we observed the presence of a traction areaat the vitreoretinal interfase that correspondedto 3.4% of the eyes studied; it was an hypermetropicpatient in whom ophthalmoscopically,after the echographic findings, we evidenced twooperculated like retinal holes that requiredtreatment with laser. Conclusions: We demostratedthat true changes are evidenced at thevitreous post Lasik. Posterior vitreous detachmentis the most significant discovery and itcould be implied in the genesis of tears anddetachment of the retina, but its incidence is evensmaller than in the general population and thisallows refractive surgery to remain as a

  17. The Difoprev® system in treatment of the skin of the elderly: preliminary data obtained in patients with dryness and hyperkeratosis

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    Aluigi L

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Leonardo AluigiCenter and School of Echography, Department of Internal Medicine, Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, ItalyBackground: Aging brings with it a number of structural and functional modifications of the skin and adnexa, particularly in the lower extremities, which may determine a gradual reduction in elasticity, with associated functional alterations which may determine preulcerative lesions. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of the Difoprev® system, consisting in a sock functioning as a vehicle for microcapsules containing moisturizing agents (Pseudoalteromonas ferment extract, a glycoprotein synthesized by the bacterium, Pseudoalteromonas antarctica NF3. The system is already widely used for cutaneous treatment in cases of neuropathic diabetic foot, and in prevention/treatment of dryness and hyperkeratosis of the skin of the lower extremities in elderly persons (shin/foot.Methodology: Sixteen patients aged >70 years (group A were treated with the Difoprev® system for 8 weeks. This group was compared with 8 patients of the same age (group B who wore the same type of sock without microcapsules. Following initial assessment at the time of recruitment, the patients underwent controls at 15, 30, and 60 days to assess the degree of hydration of the skin derived from an objective evaluation of degree of keratosis according to an arbitrary scale of seriousness ranging from 1 (absent to 4 (marked. The changes were rated according to a scale ranging from 1 (no improvement to 5 (marked improvement. A comparative study of all cases was conducted by means of photographs taken as the treatment commenced and on termination of treatment.Results: Most patients treated with Difoprev® presented a reduction in the degree of keratosis of the skin (90%, of whom 15% had marked improvement, compared to the patients who wore only the sock with no microcapsules (10% with slight improvement. None of the patients undergoing Difoprev® system treatment

  18. Contribution to the development and the modelling of an ultrasonic conformable phased array transducer for the contact inspection of 3D complex geometry components; Contribution au developpement et a la modelisation d'un traducteur ultrasonore multielements conformable pour l'inspection au contact de composants a geometrie complexe 3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guedes, O

    2005-04-15

    transmission and in echography, and showed it's capability to focus shear waves on contact through complex shape surfaces thanks to it's flexible structure. (author)

  19. Radiological and cytological correlation of neoplastic lesions of the breast diagnosed by fine needle aspiration biopsy guided with ultrasound at the Hospital San Juan de Dios in the year 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madriz Meza, Wendy P.

    2011-01-01

    Mortality from breast cancer has been increased, going on to occupy the first place of the malignant neoplasms in women with a percentage increase of over 45% in 10 years. A bibliographic search demonstrates that have not been performed works that allow to establish the clinical and radiological characteristics of the lesions who have been diagnosed as mammary neoplasms by fine needle aspiration biopsy at the Hospital San Juan de Dios. A observational job, descriptive, longitudinal, retrospective is pretended to perform, to provide an instrument of guidance to the radiologist about the characteristics of alarm on a breast lesion. Female patients ascribed to the Hospital San Juan de Dios, with breast cancer diagnosed by guided fine needle puncture with echography during the year 2009 are included in the study. Data from 39 patients that fulfilled with all the inclusion criteria were presented. The data obtained were collected by reviewing of clinical records; which were found only women, who in their majority were from the province of San Jose, the most affected age group by the five-year periods has been of 45-49 years, followed by the groups between 40-44 years and 50-54 years. The greater part of cases has treated of unique injuries, almost all have been unilateral and measure the size of all the lesions was 21 mm. The injuries have been primarily in the right breast and the upper outer quadrant. The level of radiological success has been good in cases where was used the BIRADS, because it was classified with 4c or 5 to 52,4% of cases, however, it should be noted that in 17 of 39 cases were not properly categorized BIRADS. The main conclusions of this study are: women whose ages are between 45 and 55 years have been especially prone to mammary neoplasms, these lesions are found primarily in upper outer quadrants and measured more than 2 cm. The health problems generated in the patients with these diagnoses have made important to prioritize your attention once

  20. Emergency thoracic ultrasound and clinical risk management

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    Interrigi MC

    2017-02-01

    tomography (CT. In seven patients, even if chest disease was identified by CXR, such diagnoses were significantly modified by ultrasound, and CT confirmed that TUS was more appropriate. The overall respective individual performances of CXR and TUS for the diagnosis of a pleural–pulmonary disease in emergency are good, with accuracy >95%. Conclusion: About 20% of pneumonia cases were detectable only by CXR and 20% only by TUS and not by CXR; ie, about 40% of patients may have been misdiagnosed if, by chance, only one of the two tools had been used. The concurrent use of TUS and CXR increases the overall sensitivity and specificity. The contribution of expert telementoring and final reappraisal is a valuable and sustainable element for emergency physicians’ training and performance, contributing reasonably to mitigation of clinical risks. Keywords: echography, pneumonia, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, diagnostic performance

  1. Alteraciones estructurales de la glándula tiroidea tras la radioterapia Structural alterations of thyroid gland after radiotherapy

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    Caridad Verdecia Cañizares

    2009-03-01

    present paper was to report cased detected in our study of structural anomalies of thyroid gland in patients underwent radiotherapy for treatment of malignant head and neck tumors. METHODS: A cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out to determine prevalence of structural alterations of thyroid gland in 43 patients survival of head-neck tumors underwent radiotherapy admitted in "William Soler" and "Juan Manual Márquez" Teaching Hospitals during 10 years (1990 to 2000. RESULTS: More frequent structural alteration of thyroid gland includes glandular fibrosis (18,5% followed by thyroid carcinoma, and of simple cysts of that gland (11,1% respectively. There were 2 cases of differential carcinoma of thyroid gland (7, 4%, and one of adeno-follicular mixed injury (3, 7%. Fine-needle aspirate cytology allows detection of most of these injuries and also the intra-parenchymatous guided-echography of this gland. Treatment of injuries founded was surgical and we performed a total thyroidectomy in two patients presenting with differential carcinoma of thyroid gland, subtotal thyroidectomy in t here patients with cysts of that gland, and thyroid adenomas. In cases of glandular fibrosis there was a concomitant thyroid hypofunction, thus, we administered substitute treatment using Levothyroxine. CONCLUSIONS: Fine-needle aspiration cytology by means of echography of thyroid gland allows diagnosing of structural alterations no detected in physical examination. More irradiated malignant pathology was non-Hodgkin lymphomas. More doses of irradiation, more is thyroid pathology.

  2. Antecedentes, diagnóstico, repercusión y prevención del déficit de yodo en la salud humana Backgrounds, diagnosis, repercussion and prevention of iodine deficits in human health

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    Serafín Silvio Noa Cordero

    2011-12-01

    leading cause of brain damage in children, hypothyroidism and goitre in the adult, all are preventable and in dependence of the together will of national and international organisms and institutions it is possible to eradicate it with a simple practice, e.g. iodized salt. The diagnostic methods used to assess its deficiency are very useful in the clinical practice. Nowadays, the use of echography as an assisting method to carry out the mensuration of the thyroid gland and to define the goitre in zones of iodine sufficiency like ours, will be very useful due its high level of specificity and sensitivity. The aim of present paper is to offer a general panorama of the significance of iodine functions in the organism and its relation to the thyroid gland, its diagnostic methods, the impact, the repercussion and the prevention of disorders due to iodine deficit in human health, as well as the implementation of our national program of salt iodization.

  3. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) assessment using {sup 18}F-fluordeoxyglucose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Massardo, L T; Gonzalez, P; Jaimovich, R [Nuclear Medicine Section, Medicine Department University of Chile Clinical Hospital (Chile); Jofrea, M J; Canessa, J; Sierralta, P [Molecular Imaging PET Center, Military Hospital, Santiago (Chile)

    2007-11-15

    12{+-}1Om prior to their first FDG. GLIVEC therapy ranged between 3-43 m. Mean FDG dose was 481{+-}74 MBq injected with a mean serum glucose level of 89{+-}9 mg/dl. Images were obtained with a dedicated PET system Siemens ECAT EXAT HR+. Quantitative analysis using SUV measurements were used for metabolic followup. Results: 44% of FDG studies were positive for malignancy. Within the staging group, 2 recent postsurgery patients were negative and the disseminated non operated was positive. Concordance with recent anatomical or functional images [Computed Tomography (CT), bone scintigraphy, abdominal echography or prior FDG].was observed in 61% of the studies. New unknown lesions were found in 7 studies (39%) located in mediastinum, liver, peritoneum and skeleton. Only 3/8 cases with molecular therapy had negative FDG for active tumor; other 2 cases presenting 20% and 50% of CT regression had clearly positive FDGs without new lesions. Three patients had FDG follow-up: one remained negative, other progressed with new lesions and the non-operated case with extensive dissemination presented total FDG regression. Conclusion: In our initial experience, functional images with PET-FDG demonstrated great value for metabolic control of molecular therapy, staging and re-staging post surgery of GIST tumors. (author)

  4. Correlação entre o Diagnóstico Morfológico Pré e Pós-Natal das Nefrouropatias Fetais Correlation Between Pre- and Postnatal Morphologic Diagnosis of Fetal Nephrouropathies

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    Alamanda Kfoury Pereira

    2000-01-01

    Center of UFMG with suspicion of these anomalies. Fetal biometry, growth, vitality, and associated malformations were evaluated. Finally, a detailed description of the renal system was made to define the prenatal morphologic diagnosis of the malformations to be compared with the postnatal diagnosis. Results: based on the kappa index (statistical method that measures the concordance between different measurements, methods or measurement instruments: below 0.40, poor agreement; between 0.40 and 0.75, good agreement; above 0.75, excellent ageement, the authors found an excellent concordance (kappa index 0.95. Among the 127 cases, there were only 9 misdiagnoses, all of them of obstructive uropathies: 6 cases showed different obstruction levels after delivery and in three cases there were confounding diagnosis with multicystic kidney. Conclusions: the detailed ultrasonographic description of the renal system is a good method for prenatal diagnosis of the fetal nephropathies, allowing some options to modify the outcome of these fetuses, like to send them to specialized centers, to anticipate delivery and even to apply intrauterine therapy, in order to preserve the renal function. Serial echography and amnioinfusion can be used to improve the precision of prenatal diagnosis.

  5. Cáncer de colon recurrente: diagnóstico y tratamiento Recurrent colon cancer: diagnosis and treatment

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    Roswell Enrique GonzálezRodiles Heredia

    2009-03-01

    observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study on the diagnosis and the results of the treatment of tumoral recurrence in 68 patients operated on of colon cancer in a period of 16 years was conducted. RESULTS. It was observed a predominance of female patients over 60. Among the localizations, the primary tumor in the sigmoid and ascending colon was the most common, with stage II after the initial operation. The most frequent recurrences were the locoregional and the hepatic, and its predominant form of presentation was the palpable tumor. The clinical method and the abdominal echography were determinating for the diagnosis. The surgical treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy was the most effective in general and, in particular, in the locoregional localization. There was a survival of 2 years in 30.9 % of the patients, with predominance of those who had undergone surgery. 85.3 % of the series had died five years later. CONCLUSIONS. The early diagnosis and the appropriate treatment of tumoral recurrence require the acting of a multidisciplinary medical team, since it is the main cause of death among the patients operated on of colon cancer with curative intention. The first 2 years of postoperative follow-up are the most risky period for recurrences

  6. Liver histological, portal flow and plasmatic nitric oxide alterations caused by biliary obstruction and drainage in rats Alterações histológicas, do fluxo portal e do óxido nítrico plasmático em ratos submetidos à obstrução/desobstrução biliar

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    Miguel Angel Dias

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate liver alterations caused by biliary obstruction and drainage. METHODS: Thirty-nine male Wistar rats were randomly distributed in 4 groups: BO (n=18 bile duct ligation for 20 days, with a periodic evaluation of liver histological alterations, Doppler echography portal flow and measurements of NO and malondialdehyde (MDA; BO/DB (n=13 bile duct occlusion for 20 days followed by biliary drainage by choledochoduodenal anastomosis, 5 days follow-up, same BO group parameters evaluations; group CED (n=4 sham operation and portal flow evaluation trough 20 days; CHB (n=4 sham operation, with hepatic biopsy on 25th day and followed-up trough 25 days, by the same parameters of group BO, with exception of portal flow. Direct bilirubin (DB and alkaline phosphatase (AP were evaluated in the group BO, BO/DB and CHB. RESULTS: The bile duct ligation led to an increase of DB and AP, development of liver histological alterations, reduction of portal flow and increase of plasmatic NO and of MDA levels. The bile duct clearing resulted in a reduction of DB, AP, NO, MDA histological alterations and increase of portal flow. CONCLUSION: The biliary occlusion resulted in cholestasis and portal flow reduction, besides the increase of plasmatic NO and of hepatic MDA levels, and histological liver alterations, with a tendency of normalization after the bile duct clearing.OBJETIVO: Avaliar alterações hepáticas resultantes do processo de obstrução/desobstrução biliar. MÉTODOS: Trinta e nove ratos Wistar foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos: OB (n=18, oclusão biliar, seguimento de 20 dias, avaliação das alterações histológicas hepáticas, do fluxo portal e dosagens de NO e de malondialdeído (MDA; grupo OB/DB (n=13 oclusão biliar por 20 dias seguida de desobstrução biliar por anastomose colédoco-duodenal, seguimento por 5 dias e avaliação dos mesmos parâmetros do grupo BO; grupo CED (n=4 operação simulada, avaliação do

  7. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and conventional surgical treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golubovic, M

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the paper was to present the efficacy and indications for application of conventional surgical treatment of retinal detachment by using external implants, that is,application of encircling band and buckle. This study comprised patients from the University Eye Clinic in Skopje. A total of 33 patients were diagnosed and surgically treated in the period between May 2010 and August 2011. Conventional surgery was applied in smaller number of patients whose changes of the vitreous body were manifested by detachment of posterior hyaloid membrane, syneresis, with appearance of a small number of pigment cells in the vitreous body and synchysis, and the very retina was with fresh detachment without folds or epiretinal changes (that is, PVR A grade). There were a larger number of patients with more distinct proliferative changes of the vitreous body and of the retina, grades PVR B to C1-C2, and who also underwent the same surgical approach. Routine ophthalmologic examinations were performed, including: determination of visual acuity by Snellen's optotypes, determination of eye pressure with Schiotz's tonometer, examination of anterior segment on biomicroscopy, indirect biomicroscopy of posterior eye segment (vitreous body and retina) and examination on biomicroscopy with Goldmann prism, B scan echography of the eyes before and after surgical treatment. Conventional treatment was used by external application of buckle or application of buckle and encircling band. In case of one break, radial buckle was applied and in case of multiple breaks in one quadrant limbus parallel buckle was applied. Besides buckle, encircling band was applied in patients with total or subtotal retinal detachment with already present distinct changes in the vitreous body (PVR B or C1-C2) and degenerative changes in the vitreous body. Breaks were closed with cryopexy. The results obtained have shown that male gender was predominant and that the disease was manifested in younger male adults

  8. A and B mode ultrasonography in preoperative evaluation of lens and posterior segment of dogs eyes with cataract

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    Bianca C. Martins

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Ultrasonography of the lens and posterior segment is an indispensable step in the preoperative evaluation of dogs with cataracts, since ophthalmoscopy is not feasible when there is opacification of the lens. This study evaluated the echographic conditions of cataractous lens and fundus of the eye in dogs affected by cataracts. The study was conducted in 30 dogs (56 eyes, 10 males and 20 females, with different types of cataracts at different stages of development. Echography in A and B modes, simultaneously, was carried out for the examination of the lens and posterior segment. The examinations revealed anterior cortical, posterior cortical and nuclear cataract in 12 eyes (21.4%, anterior cortical, posterior cortical, nuclear and posterior capsular in 23 eyes (41%, anterior cortical, posterior cortical and posterior capsular cataract in one eye (1.7%, anterior cortical and nuclear cataract in one eye (1.7%, anterior cortical, nuclear and posterior capsular cataract in five eyes (8.9%, and anterior cortical cataract in seven eyes (12.5%. Abnormal ultrasonographic alterations were observed in the posterior segment in 26 eyes evaluated (46.4%. Vitreal degeneration was detected in 12 eyes (21.4%, images of vitreal exudate or hemorrhage in seven eyes (12.5%, persistence of hyaloid artery in four eyes (7.1% and lens subluxation in three eyes (5.3%. The results obtained reiterate the importance of ultrasonography in canine patients presented for cataract surgery given that alterations of the posterior segment are difficult to identify in a clinical examination when the lens is opacified.A ultrassonografia do segmento posterior do bulbo do olho é etapa indispensável na avaliação de cães com catarata que serão submetidos à facectomia, uma vez que a oftalmoscopia não é factível quando há opacificação da lente, notadamente nas cataratas maduras. Este estudo avaliou as condições ecográficas da lente cataratogênica e do fundo de olho de c

  9. Comparative orbital scintigraphy with technetium-99m-P829, indium-111-DOTA-Lanreotide and DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide in Graves disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burggasser, G.; Hauff, W.; Thaler, A.; Hurtl, I.; Greifeneder, M.; Virgolini, I.; Traub, T.; Dudczak, R.; Angelberger, P.

    2002-01-01

    Aim: Receptors (R) for somatostatin (SST) are expressed on various tumor cells as well as activated leukocytes and other lymphoproliferative and immune cells. Our previous data have shown that various SST analogs including 111 In-OctreoScan, 111 In-DOTA-Lanreotide (DLAN), 111 In-DOTA-Tyr3-Octreotide (DTOCT) and 99m Tc-P829 bind with high affinity onto many different types of tumor cells as well as to leukocytes via hSSTR target receptors. We have evaluated the orbital uptake of these tracers in patients with active and inactive thyroid-associated orbitopathy. Material and Methods: Clinical grade of the orbital disease was documented in all patients (n=90) by the NOSPECS classification, the clinical activity score (CAS) as well as the supra nasal index (SNI) measured by standardized echography. 99m Tc-P829 scintigraphy (740 MBq) or scintigraphy with one of the 111 In-labeled SST analogs (150 MBq) was performed in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (duration of the disease: 1 - 360 months). In patients undergoing 99m Tc-P829 scintigraphy, SPECT (360 deg.) and planar studies were completed within 3 h post injection, whereas most patients undergoing scintigraphy with 111 In-labeled SST analogs also had a 24 h image acquisition. Orbital (O) regions of interest (ROIs) were opposed to temporo-parietal (TP) and occipital (OCC) ROIs and the O/TP and O/OCC ratios were calculated. Uptake ratios in Graves disease were compared to orbital data calculated from cancer patients without eye disease. Results: Compared to clinical data, a significant correlation was found only for CAS (p 99m Tc-P829 images (three independent observers) despite of somewhat lower uptake both for O/TP as well as O/OCC uptake ratios. 111 In-DLAN and 111 In-DTOCT biokinetics were comparable in Graves disease patients showing a rapid blood clearance and visualization of the orbit within minutes of injection. In patients without active disease (O/(TP+OCC) / 2 ratio: 1.20 +/- 0.09) as well as in

  10. Valor da ressonância magnética no diagnóstico antenatal do acretismo placentário Value of magnetic resonance imaging in prenatal diagnosis of placental accretism

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    Viviane Vieira Francisco

    2006-12-01

    and to estimate the benefit of this method. METHODS: prospective transversal study with 15 patients suspected of placental accretism, referred between March 2003 and February 2006. Gestational age varied from 20 to 31 weeks. All patients underwent MRI to study the placenta and had previously done an ultrasonography. Material was sent to histological study. MRI was done on Magnetom Impact and Sonata Maestro Class Siemens®, with acquired sequences HASTE, TURBO SPIN in axial, sagittal, coronal planes and echo gradient (GE®, pre- and post-dynamic contrast in the best plan for acquisition. Images were analyzed by a team of two radiologists. RESULTS: mean gestational age was 24.3 weeks. We studied seven placenta previa (47%, six anterior placentas (40% and two posterior placentas (13%. Ultrasonography was positive in 80% of the palcentas and MRI in 53%. However, echography had a low concordance with anatomic pathological studies by Kappa test (11%, revealing 75% of sensitivity, 14% of specificity, 50% as positive predictive value (PPV and 33% as negative predictive value (NPV. MRI had an excellent concordance with anatomic pathological studies (0.86, showing 100% of sensitivity, 86% of specificity, 89% as PPV and 100% as NPV. CONCLUSIONS: MRI is useful for placental accretism diagnosis. The principal findings are transmural hyper-signal, the loss of continuity in myometrial wall in fast sequences and the identification of vessels invading myometrial layer in dynamic sequences.

  11. Os espaços cervicais profundos e seu interesse nas infecções da região Deep neck spaces and their interest in cervical infections

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    M.D. Durazzo

    1997-06-01

    series of deep neck space infections is presented. MATERIAL AND METHOD. Four clinical cases are reported: 1 a case of Ludwig's angina with several complications (mediastinitis, pericarditis, pneumonia, pleural effusion and empyema, esophageal fistula and septic shock, 2 a case of cervical abscess that appeared without apparent cause, in a young diabetic patient, 3 a case of abscess of the submandibular triangle, and 4 a case of parapharyngeal abscess that came forth after a dental treatment. Data from history taking, physical examination, X-rays, echography, CT scan and treatment and the follow-up are presented. The image tests were valuable and, in two of the cases, they demonstrated that more than one deep neck space were affected. CONCLUSIONS. The literature reinforces the high mortality and morbidity rates, the diversified etiology (dental infection, intravenous drug abuse, infections of the upper aerodigestive tract and others, and the tracheostomy indication made in about half of the cases. It stresses also the need for combined therapy (antibiotics and surgery. Evaluation with CT scan and other radiologic methods is indispensable to determine the site and extent of the process and to plan properly the treatment.

  12. Rastreamento de metástases no pré-operatório do câncer de mama Screening of breast cancer metastasis at preoperative work-up

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    Maria Bethânia da Costa Chein

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: verificar a freqüência de bilateralidade sincrônica e de metástases (M ocultas no pré-operatório de pacientes com câncer de mama em estudo retrospectivo com inclusão de 454 pacientes tratadas num período de 60 meses no Instituto Nacional de Câncer (Brasil com câncer operável de mama. Métodos: a avaliação pré-operatória constou de mamografia, cintilografia óssea e estudo radiológico se necessário, radiografia simples do tórax e ultra-sonografia (US hepática em 260 (57,3% pacientes. A relação custo/efetividade dos exames levou em consideração os custos diretos (valor monetário e a efetividade foi analisada em função do número de metástases rastreadas e confirmadas pela metodologia empregada. Resultados: o rastreio de câncer bilateral sincrônico foi negativo e o de metástase foi positivo em 9 pacientes (2%. O diagnóstico de M ósseas ocorreu em 1,5 % (7/454, pulmonares em 0,4% (2/454, com idêntico percentual para M hepáticas detectadas pela US hepática (1/260. A maioria das pacientes com M estava classificada no estádio clínico IIIb (44,5%. O rastreio de 9 pacientes com M, teve custo total de US$ 131,020.00. Para cada M diagnosticada, num total de 10 (uma paciente teve duas o custo foi de US$ 29,221.85; a relação custo/efetividade, foi, portanto, de 22,3%. Conclusões: concluímos que o rastreio de M no pré-operatório de carcinoma de mama fica restrito às pacientes sintomáticas para doença sistêmica ou no estádio clínico III e que a relação custo/efetividade dos exames demonstrou restrito benefício na avaliação pré-operatória.Purpose: to analyze the frequency of preoperative bilateral synchronic cancer and occult metastases in 454 operable breast cancer patients, at Instituto Nacional de Câncer (Brazil. Methods: the preoperative evaluation consisted of mammography, bone scan with X-ray if necessary, and chest X-ray. 260 (57.3 % of 454 patients underwent liver echography. We

  13. Alanine-aminotransferase: an early marker for insulin resistance? Alanino-aminotransferasa: ¿un marcador temprano de resistencia a la insulina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín R. Salazar

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available In a population-based sample, after excluding alcohol consumption, hepatotoxic drugs and hepatitis Band C infected, we investigated if alanine-aminotransferase (ALT was associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, and if this association was caused by non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD. The sample (432 female and 119 male was divided into two ALT thresholds corresponding to the 50th and 75th percentiles (P (female ≤ 15 and ≤ 19 U/L; male ≤ 17 and ≤ 23 U/l, respectively. Blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (HDLc, triglyceride (TG, TG/HDLc ratio, glycemia and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR were compared between those above and below each ALT threshold. Female placed above the 50th P of ALT had higher levels of TG/HDLc ratio (p=0.029, glycemia (p=0.028, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, (p=0.045, and above the 75th P had higher SBP (p=0.036, DBP (p=0.018, TG (p=0.024, TG/HDLc ratio (p=0.028, glycemia (p=0.004 and HOMA-IR (p=0.0014. Male placed above the 50th P of ALT had higher BMI (p=0.017 and TG/HDLc ratio (p=0.048, and above the 75th P had lower values of HDLc (p=0.042. Only 16.5% of women and 14.5% of men, above the 75th P of ALT, showed an increase in liver brightness in the echography. This work shows in woman an early association of ALT with TG/HDLc ratio and HOMA-IR. Since the last two are independent predictors of cardiovascular risk, attention should be drawn to ALT values near the upper limit of the normal range even in the absence of NAFLD and obesity.En una muestra poblacional, luego de excluir a quienes consumían alcohol y drogas hepatotóxicas y a los infectados con virus B y C de la hepatitis, investigamos si la alanino-aminotransferasa (ALT, o transaminasa glutámico pirúvica (TGP, se asociaba con el síndrome metabólico y con resistencia a la insulina y si esta asociación se explicaba por enfermedad hep

  14. Avaliação ultra-sonográfica do segmento posterior de olhos de cães diabéticos e não diabéticos portadores de catarata Ultrasonographic evaluation of the eyes' posterior segment of diabetic and non-diabetic dogs with cataracts

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    Renata Squarzoni

    2007-11-01

    . The ocular ultrasonography or echography is a safe, non invasive, inexpensive and easy procedure that complements ocular examination. Two hundred and twenty five eyes of 123 dogs were evaluated using a 10 Mhz linear transducer ultrasound. The dogs were divided into three groups, as there is Group 1: 36 healthy control dogs; Group 2: 52 non diabetic dogs with cataracts; and Group 3: 35 diabetic dogs with cataracts; all of them were patients of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Sao Paulo. The ultrasonographic findings were in Group 1: vitreous degeneration in 43%, posterior vitreous detachment in 7.7%, asteroid hyalosis in 4.6% of the eyes; in Group 2: vitreous degeneration in 58.9%, posterior vitreous detachment in 8.4%, asteroid hyalosis in 2.1%, inflammatory or haemorrhagic process in 2.1%, retinal detachment in 4.3% of the eyes; and in Group 3: vitreous degeneration in 50.7%, posterior vitreous detachment in 13.8%, asteroid hyalosis in 12.3%, inflammatory or haemorrhagic process in 3.1%, retinal detachment in 3.1% of the eyes. It could be concluded that (1 diabetic dogs, mainly the ones with diabetes for more than 2 years, have greater chances to develop asteroid hyalosis; (2 there were no significant differences in retinal detachment frequencies for the diabetic and non diabetic dogs; and (3 the ocular ultrasonography is a safe, effective and important exam for the pre-operatory evaluation of dogs with cataracts.

  15. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Circulation, Macro- and Microcirculation"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-10-01

    . PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, CEREBRAL HAEMODYNAMICS AND INTRAVENTRICULAR HAEMORRHAGE IN PRETERM NEONATES: A CAUSAL PATHWAY STUDY • C. Kotidis, M. Weindling, A. Eleuteri, H. Rabe, M. TurnerABS 16. PRECISION ASSESSMENT OF A NOVEL CEREBRAL TISSUE OXIMETER AND EFFECTS OF FLUCTUATIONS IN SYSTEMIC AND CEREBRAL PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS • S. Kleiser, D. Ostojic, N. Nasseri, H. Isler, H.U. Bucher, D. Bassler, M. Wolf, F. Scholkmann, T. KarenABS 17. ARGINASE UP-REGULATION AND eNOS UNCOUPLING CONTRIBUTE TO IMPAIRED ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT VASODILATION IN A RAT MODEL OF INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION • I. Grandvuillemin, C. Buffat, F. Boubred, E. Lamy, J. Fromonot, A.C. Peyter, U. Simeoni, C. YzydorczykABS 18. ULTRASONOGRAPHIC MONITORING FOR POST­NATAL ADAPTATION IN PRETERM IN­FANTS • V. Nardi, M.L. Tataranno, S. Di FabioABS 19. RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF CATHETER RELATED VEIN THROMBOSIS AMONG NEWBORNS IN THE NICU SETTINGS • K. Chojnacka, Z. Krasinski, K. Wróblewska-Seniuk, J. MazelaABS 20. NON-INVASIVE CARDIAC OUTPUT MONITORING BY ELECTRICAL CARDIOMETRY IN HEMODYNAMICALLY STABLE NEONATE INFANTS • J. Shin, E.H. Lee, B.M. ChoiABS 21. MYOCARDIAL DEFORMATION AND ROTATIONAL MECHANICS IN INFANTS WITH DOWN SYNDROME IN THE EARLY NEONATAL PERIOD • C.R. Breatnach, A. Smith, P.T. Levy, N. McCallion, O. Franklin, A. EL-KhuffashABS 22. THE EFFECTS OF DELAYED CORD CLAMPING ON 12-MONTHS BRAIN MYELIN CONTENT: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL • D. Erickson-Owens, J. Mercer, S. Deoni, A. Parker, J. Collins, J. PadburyABS 23. NEONATOLOGIST-PERFORMED ECHOGRAPHY IN NEONATOLOGY: A TUNISIAN EXPERIENCE • F.Z. Chioukh, K. Ben Ameur, T. Khemis, H. Ajmi, A. Ben Salem, S. Hamdi, H. Ben Hamida, K. MonastiriABS 24. LOW SERUM CORTISOL LEVELS IN ASPHYXIATED INFANTS WITH HEMODYNAMIC INSTABILITY •  K. Kovacs, E. Szakmar, U. Meder, A. Cseko, M. Szabo, A. JermendyABS 25. INFLUENCE OF TYPE OF CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS ON EPITHELIAL LINING FLUID COMPOSITION IN INFANTS UNDERGOING CARDIAC SURGERY WITH

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    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Various Authors

    2015-09-01

    . Perkins, J. Matthes, R. LeeABS 21. NEONATAL TRANSPORT IN CENTRAL REGION OF HUNGARY • A. Berenyi, A. Szell, M. Szilagyi Olahne, B. Bundzsity, F. Kohalmi, G. Kovacs, G. Liszkay, I. Kocsis, Zs. SomogyvariABS 22. ROUTINE MONITORING OF RESPIRATORY FUNCTION VARIABLES DURING INTER-HOSPITAL NEONATAL EMERGENCY TRANSPORT – A UK REGIONAL TRANSPORT SERVICE EXPERIENCE • P. Bhat, A. Dhar, C. Jones, S. Kent, R. Chaudhary, S. O’Hare, S. Broster, A. CurleyABS 23. EXTERNAL CARDIAC PACING DURING NEONATAL TRANSFER – A CASE REPORT • K. Swamy, D. Batra, A. Leslie, L. Lee, B. Schoonakker, S. WardleABS 24. NEONATAL TIME CRITICAL TRANSFERS IN THE UK: EXPERIENCE AFTER ONE YEAR OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION • F. Garrido, M. Márquez, I. DadyABS 25. TRANSPORT EXPERIENCE OF EXTREMELY PRETERM INFANTS BY THE ACUTE NEONATAL TRANSFER SERVICE FOR EAST OF ENGLAND UK • D. Wari-Pepple, S. Broster, S. OhareABS 26. A CASE OF CONGENITAL TRACHEAL AGENESIS COMPLICATING INTER-HOSPITAL NEONATAL EMERGENCY TRANSFER • P. Bhat, B. Hennebry, N. Tan, S. Garnell, M. Fiske, S. O’Hare, W. Kelsall, S. BrosterABS 27. IS ECHOGRAPHY USEFUL IN PEDIATRIC MOBILE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT? A 2 MONTHS PRELIMINARY EXPERIENCE • A. Boet, G. Jourdain, P. Quentin, N. Gilmer, C. Peigne, J.L. Chabernaud, D. De LucaABS 28. ASSESSMENT OF THE TREATMENT OF RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME IN THE PREMATURES BELOW 32 WEEKS OF GESTATION TRANSFERRED VERSUS THE ONES BORN IN THE III LEVEL UNIT. EXPERIENCE FROM A REGIONAL CENTER IN ROMANIA • G. Zaharie, L. Blaga, M. Hasmasanu, V. Obada, T. Zaharie, T.L. Pop, M. MatyasABS 29. MEDICAL STAFF PERCEPTIONS OF THE COST OF CONSUMABLE ITEMS USED IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE • A.R. Geoghegan, S. Moore, C.P.F. O’DonnellABS 30. IMPLEMENTATION OF PULSE OXIMETRY SCREENING IN DETECTING CRITICAL CONGENITAL HEART DISEASES IN NEWBORNS. EXPERIENCE OF A TERTIARY NEONATAL CARE UNIT • I. Jańczewska, I. Domżalska-PopadiukABS 31. EVOLUTION TRENDS AND SURGICAL APPROACH IN HYPERTENSIVE DISEASE OF PREGNANCY • G