WorldWideScience

Sample records for e-business semantics interoperability

  1. Semantic Interoperability in Electronic Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juha Puustjarvi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available E-business refers to the utilization of information and communication technologies (ICT in support of all the activities of business. The standards developed for e-business help to facilitate the deployment of e-business. In particular, several organizations in e-business sector have produced standards and representation forms using XML. It serves as an interchange format for exchanging data between communicating applications. However, XML says nothing about the semantics of the used tags. XML is merely a standard notation for markup languages, which provides a means for structuring documents. Therefore the XML-based e-business software is developed by hard-coding. Hard-coding is proven to be a valuable and powerful way for exchanging structured and persistent business documents. However, if we use hard-coding in the case of non-persistent documents and non-static environments we will encounter problems in deploying new document types as it requires a long lasting standardization process. Replacing existing hard-coded ebusiness systems by open systems that support semantic interoperability, and which are easily extensible, is the topic of this article. We first consider XML-based technologies and standards developed for B2B interoperation. Then, we consider electronic auctions, which represent a form of e-business. In particular, we represent how semantic interoperability can be achieved in electronic auctions.

  2. Semantic and Process Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Oscar Fernández Peña

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management systems support education at different levels of the education. This is very important for the process in which the higher education of Cuba is involved. Structural transformations of teaching are focused on supporting the foundation of the information society in the country. This paper describes technical aspects of the designing of a model for the integration of multiple knowledgemanagement tools supporting teaching. The proposal is based on the definition of an ontology for the explicit formal description of the semantic of motivations of students and teachers in the learning process. Its target is to facilitate knowledge spreading.

  3. Multilanguage Semantic Interoperability in Distributed Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agostino Poggi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available JOSI is a software framework that tries to simplify the development of such kinds of applications both by providing the possibility of working on models for representing such semantic information and by offering some implementations of such models that can be easily used by software developers without any knowledge about semantic models and languages. This software library allows the representation of domain models through Java interfaces and annotations and then to use such a representation for automatically generating an implementation of domain models in different programming languages (currently Java and C++. Moreover, JOSI supports the interoperability with other applications both by automatically mapping the domain model representations into ontologies and by providing an automatic translation of each object obtained from the domain model representations in an OWL string representation.

  4. Semantic Interoperability in Clinical Decision Support Systems: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco-Ruiz, Luis; Bellika, Johan Gustav

    2015-01-01

    The interoperability of Clinical Decision Support (CDS) systems with other health information systems has become one of the main limitations to their broad adoption. Semantic interoperability must be granted in order to share CDS modules across different health information systems. Currently, numerous standards for different purposes are available to enable the interoperability of CDS systems. We performed a literature review to identify and provide an overview of the available standards that enable CDS interoperability in the areas of clinical information, decision logic, terminology, and web service interfaces.

  5. State of the Art on Semantic IS Standardization, Interoperability & Quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Verhoosel, J.P.C.

    2011-01-01

    This book contains a broad overview of relevant studies in the area of semantic IS standards. It includes an introduction in the general topic of standardization and introduces the concept of interoperability. The primary focus is however on semantic IS standards, their characteristics, and the qual

  6. State of the art on semantic IS standardization, interoperability & quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, Erwin; Verhoosel, Jack

    2011-01-01

    This book contains a broad overview of relevant studies in the area of semantic IS standards. It includes an introduction in the general topic of standardization and introduces the concept of interoperability. The primary focus is however on semantic IS standards, their characteristics, and the qual

  7. Ontologies: Semantic Nirvana for Earth Science Model Interoperability? (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graybeal, J.

    2009-12-01

    The Challenge: When we build a given model, we do so to meet today's needs. If the model is good, new people will want to use it in new ways. That tests how well the model can work in new contexts: new user groups, new science domains, or new data providers or data users. We can say a model is interoperable if it works well in each new case, with few or no changes. Here we deal with perhaps the least-addressed part of model interoperability: semantic interoperability, the ability of models to understand the meaning of each other's data. The Scenario: A model has been built that uses observational data, and creates output data sets. In subsequent years, the model must (a) be connected to another model and exchange data with it; (b) be evaluated and used by a scientist in another domain; (c) document its outputs for two different repositories that use different keywords; and (d) identify and incorporate new observation streams as they come on-line. All these steps are mostly done manually today, and explanations about the data exchanged in similar form. Can we make them more efficient, or even automated, by leveraging good semantic practices? A problem in each case is the use of local or community naming conventions that are not known to all parties. How can this be improved? The Reality: Many models use the standard name conventions and vocabularies specified by the netCDF COARDS Climate and Forecast conventions. These provide a good basic level of 'semantic interoperability', and for this reason alone Earth science models are semantically far ahead of most other Earth science data systems. Yet these conventions aren't always used, aren't always sufficient, and don't help us interoperate with lots of existing systems. What are the issues for semantic interoperability in modeling, how do ontologies and other semantic capabilities help us fix them, and are ontologies worth the trouble?

  8. Semantics-Based Interoperability Framework for the Geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, A.; Malik, Z.; Raskin, R.; Barnes, C.; Fox, P.; McGuinness, D.; Lin, K.

    2008-12-01

    Interoperability between heterogeneous data, tools and services is required to transform data to knowledge. To meet geoscience-oriented societal challenges such as forcing of climate change induced by volcanic eruptions, we suggest the need to develop semantic interoperability for data, services, and processes. Because such scientific endeavors require integration of multiple data bases associated with global enterprises, implicit semantic-based integration is impossible. Instead, explicit semantics are needed to facilitate interoperability and integration. Although different types of integration models are available (syntactic or semantic) we suggest that semantic interoperability is likely to be the most successful pathway. Clearly, the geoscience community would benefit from utilization of existing XML-based data models, such as GeoSciML, WaterML, etc to rapidly advance semantic interoperability and integration. We recognize that such integration will require a "meanings-based search, reasoning and information brokering", which will be facilitated through inter-ontology relationships (ontologies defined for each discipline). We suggest that Markup languages (MLs) and ontologies can be seen as "data integration facilitators", working at different abstraction levels. Therefore, we propose to use an ontology-based data registration and discovery approach to compliment mark-up languages through semantic data enrichment. Ontologies allow the use of formal and descriptive logic statements which permits expressive query capabilities for data integration through reasoning. We have developed domain ontologies (EPONT) to capture the concept behind data. EPONT ontologies are associated with existing ontologies such as SUMO, DOLCE and SWEET. Although significant efforts have gone into developing data (object) ontologies, we advance the idea of developing semantic frameworks for additional ontologies that deal with processes and services. This evolutionary step will

  9. An Ontology Based Methodology for Satellite Data Semantic Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABBURU, S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Satellites and ocean based observing system consists of various sensors and configurations. These observing systems transmit data in heterogeneous file formats and heterogeneous vocabulary from various data centers. These data centers maintain a centralized data management system that disseminates the observations to various research communities. Currently, different data naming conventions are being used by existing observing systems, thus leading to semantic heterogeneity. In this work, sensor data interoperability and semantics of the data are being addressed through ontologies. The present work provides an effective technical solution to address semantic heterogeneity through semantic technologies. These technologies provide interoperability, capability to build knowledge base, and framework for semantic information retrieval by developing an effective concept vocabulary through domain ontologies. The paper aims at a new methodology to interlink the multidisciplinary and heterogeneous sensor data products. A four phase methodology has been implemented to address satellite data semantic interoperability. The paper concludes with the evaluation of the methodology by linking and interfacing multiple ontologies to arrive at ontology vocabulary for sensor observations. Data from Indian Meteorological satellite INSAT-3D satellite have been used as a typical example to illustrate the concepts. This work on similar lines can also be extended to other sensor observations.

  10. Semantic Content Mediation and Acquisition: The Challenge for Semantic e-Business Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras, Jesús; Corcho, Oscar; Benjamins, R.

    2006-01-01

    A Top Quadrant report situates the Semantic Web within the current Innovation Wave of “Distributed Intelligence”. This is one of the main innovation waves of the last centuries including textile, railway, auto, computer, distributed intelligence (1997-2061) and nanotechnology (2007-2081). The Distributed Intelligence wave started in the late nineties and is expected to peak between 2010 and 2020. The report estimates first return on investments in 2006-7, growing to a market of $40-60 billion...

  11. Emergent Semantics Interoperability in Large-Scale Decentralized Information Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cudré-Mauroux, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    Peer-to-peer systems are evolving with new information-system architectures, leading to the idea that the principles of decentralization and self-organization will offer new approaches in informatics, especially for systems that scale with the number of users or for which central authorities do not prevail. This book describes a new way of building global agreements (semantic interoperability) based only on decentralized, self-organizing interactions.

  12. Open PHACTS: semantic interoperability for drug discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Antony J; Harland, Lee; Groth, Paul; Pettifer, Stephen; Chichester, Christine; Willighagen, Egon L; Evelo, Chris T; Blomberg, Niklas; Ecker, Gerhard; Goble, Carole; Mons, Barend

    2012-11-01

    Open PHACTS is a public-private partnership between academia, publishers, small and medium sized enterprises and pharmaceutical companies. The goal of the project is to deliver and sustain an 'open pharmacological space' using and enhancing state-of-the-art semantic web standards and technologies. It is focused on practical and robust applications to solve specific questions in drug discovery research. OPS is intended to facilitate improvements in drug discovery in academia and industry and to support open innovation and in-house non-public drug discovery research. This paper lays out the challenges and how the Open PHACTS project is hoping to address these challenges technically and socially.

  13. An approach to define semantics for BPM systems interoperability

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    Rico, Mariela; Caliusco, María Laura; Chiotti, Omar; Rosa Galli, María

    2015-04-01

    This article proposes defining semantics for Business Process Management systems interoperability through the ontology of Electronic Business Documents (EBD) used to interchange the information required to perform cross-organizational processes. The semantic model generated allows aligning enterprise's business processes to support cross-organizational processes by matching the business ontology of each business partner with the EBD ontology. The result is a flexible software architecture that allows dynamically defining cross-organizational business processes by reusing the EBD ontology. For developing the semantic model, a method is presented, which is based on a strategy for discovering entity features whose interpretation depends on the context, and representing them for enriching the ontology. The proposed method complements ontology learning techniques that can not infer semantic features not represented in data sources. In order to improve the representation of these entity features, the method proposes using widely accepted ontologies, for representing time entities and relations, physical quantities, measurement units, official country names, and currencies and funds, among others. When the ontologies reuse is not possible, the method proposes identifying whether that feature is simple or complex, and defines a strategy to be followed. An empirical validation of the approach has been performed through a case study.

  14. Enhanced semantic interoperability by profiling health informatics standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd

    2009-01-01

    Several standards applied to the healthcare domain support semantic interoperability. These standards are far from being completely adopted in health information system development, however. The objective of this paper is to provide a method and suggest the necessary tooling for reusing standard health information models, by that way supporting the development of semantically interoperable systems and components. The approach is based on the definition of UML Profiles. UML profiling is a formal modeling mechanism to specialize reference meta-models in such a way that it is possible to adapt those meta-models to specific platforms or domains. A health information model can be considered as such a meta-model. The first step of the introduced method identifies the standard health information models and tasks in the software development process in which healthcare information models can be reused. Then, the selected information model is formalized as a UML Profile. That Profile is finally applied to system models, annotating them with the semantics of the information model. The approach is supported on Eclipse-based UML modeling tools. The method is integrated into a comprehensive framework for health information systems development, and the feasibility of the approach is demonstrated in the analysis, design, and implementation of a public health surveillance system, reusing HL7 RIM and DIMs specifications. The paper describes a method and the necessary tooling for reusing standard healthcare information models. UML offers several advantages such as tooling support, graphical notation, exchangeability, extensibility, semi-automatic code generation, etc. The approach presented is also applicable for harmonizing different standard specifications.

  15. Using ontologies to improve semantic interoperability in health data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liyanage, Harshana; Krause, Paul; De Lusignan, Simon

    2015-07-10

    The present-day health data ecosystem comprises a wide array of complex heterogeneous data sources. A wide range of clinical, health care, social and other clinically relevant information are stored in these data sources. These data exist either as structured data or as free-text. These data are generally individual person-based records, but social care data are generally case based and less formal data sources may be shared by groups. The structured data may be organised in a proprietary way or be coded using one-of-many coding, classification or terminologies that have often evolved in isolation and designed to meet the needs of the context that they have been developed. This has resulted in a wide range of semantic interoperability issues that make the integration of data held on these different systems changing. We present semantic interoperability challenges and describe a classification of these. We propose a four-step process and a toolkit for those wishing to work more ontologically, progressing from the identification and specification of concepts to validating a final ontology. The four steps are: (1) the identification and specification of data sources; (2) the conceptualisation of semantic meaning; (3) defining to what extent routine data can be used as a measure of the process or outcome of care required in a particular study or audit and (4) the formalisation and validation of the final ontology. The toolkit is an extension of a previous schema created to formalise the development of ontologies related to chronic disease management. The extensions are focused on facilitating rapid building of ontologies for time-critical research studies.

  16. Using ontologies to improve semantic interoperability in health data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshana Liyanage

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The present–day health data ecosystem comprises a wide array of complex heterogeneous data sources. A wide range of clinical, health care, social and other clinically relevant information are stored in these data sources. These data exist either as structured data or as free-text. These data are generally individual personbased records, but social care data are generally case based and less formal data sources may be shared by groups. The structured data may be organised in a proprietary way or be coded using one-of-many coding, classification or terminologies that have often evolved in isolation and designed to meet the needs of the context that they have been developed. This has resulted in a wide range of semantic interoperability issues that make the integration of data held on these different systems changing. We present semantic interoperability challenges and describe a classification of these. We propose a four-step process and a toolkit for those wishing to work more ontologically, progressing from the identification and specification of concepts to validating a final ontology. The four steps are: (1 the identification and specification of data sources; (2 the conceptualisation of semantic meaning; (3 defining to what extent routine data can be used as a measure of the process or outcome of care required in a particular study or audit and (4 the formalisation and validation of the final ontology. The toolkit is an extension of a previous schema created to formalise the development of ontologies related to chronic disease management. The extensions are focused on facilitating rapid building of ontologies for time-critical research studies. 

  17. Towards achieving semantic interoperability of clinical study data with FHIR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leroux, Hugo; Metke-Jimenez, Alejandro; Lawley, Michael J

    2017-09-19

    Observational clinical studies play a pivotal role in advancing medical knowledge and patient healthcare. To lessen the prohibitive costs of conducting these studies and support evidence-based medicine, results emanating from these studies need to be shared and compared to one another. Current approaches for clinical study management have limitations that prohibit the effective sharing of clinical research data. The objective of this paper is to present a proposal for a clinical study architecture to not only facilitate the communication of clinical study data but also its context so that the data that is being communicated can be unambiguously understood at the receiving end. Our approach is two-fold. First we outline our methodology to map clinical data from Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium Operational Data Model (ODM) to the Fast Healthcare Interoperable Resource (FHIR) and outline the strengths and weaknesses of this approach. Next, we propose two FHIR-based models, to capture the metadata and data from the clinical study, that not only facilitate the syntactic but also semantic interoperability of clinical study data. This work shows that our proposed FHIR resources provide a good fit to semantically enrich the ODM data. By exploiting the rich information model in FHIR, we can organise clinical data in a manner that preserves its organisation but captures its context. Our implementations demonstrate that FHIR can natively manage clinical data. Furthermore, by providing links at several levels, it improves the traversal and querying of the data. The intended benefits of this approach is more efficient and effective data exchange that ultimately will allow clinicians to switch their focus back to decision-making and evidence-based medicines.

  18. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  19. Toward semantic interoperability with linked foundational ontologies in ROMULUS

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khan, ZC

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A purpose of a foundational ontology is to solve interoperability issues among ontologies. Many foundational ontologies have been developed, reintroducing the ontology interoperability problem. We address this with the new online foundational...

  20. Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

    2007-01-01

    Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported.

  1. A framework for semantic interoperability in healthcare: a service oriented architecture based on health informatics standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Amanda; Eklund, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Healthcare information is composed of many types of varying and heterogeneous data. Semantic interoperability in healthcare is especially important when all these different types of data need to interact. Presented in this paper is a solution to interoperability in healthcare based on a standards-based middleware software architecture used in enterprise solutions. This architecture has been translated into the healthcare domain using a messaging and modeling standard which upholds the ideals of the Semantic Web (HL7 V3) combined with a well-known standard terminology of clinical terms (SNOMED CT).

  2. RuleML-Based Learning Object Interoperability on the Semantic Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biletskiy, Yevgen; Boley, Harold; Ranganathan, Girish R.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The present paper aims to describe an approach for building the Semantic Web rules for interoperation between heterogeneous learning objects, namely course outlines from different universities, and one of the rule uses: identifying (in)compatibilities between course descriptions. Design/methodology/approach: As proof of concept, a rule…

  3. Semantic Interoperability in Body Area Sensor Networks and Applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bui, V.T.; Brandt, P.; Liu, H.; Basten, T.; Lukkien, J.

    2014-01-01

    Crucial to the success of Body Area Sensor Networks is the flexibility with which stakeholders can share, extend and adapt the system with respect to sensors, data and functionality. The first step is to develop an interoperable platform with explicit interfaces, which takes care of common managemen

  4. Conceptual Model Formalization in a Semantic Interoperability Service Framework: Transforming Relational Database Schemas to OWL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo, Carlos; Suarez, Carlos; González, Carolina; López, Diego; Blobel, Bernd

    2014-01-01

    Healthcare information is distributed through multiple heterogeneous and autonomous systems. Access to, and sharing of, distributed information sources are a challenging task. To contribute to meeting this challenge, this paper presents a formal, complete and semi-automatic transformation service from Relational Databases to Web Ontology Language. The proposed service makes use of an algorithm that allows to transform several data models of different domains by deploying mainly inheritance rules. The paper emphasizes the relevance of integrating the proposed approach into an ontology-based interoperability service to achieve semantic interoperability.

  5. Database Semantic Interoperability based on Information Flow Theory and Formal Concept Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghui Yang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As databases become widely used, there is a growing need to translate information between multiple databases. Semantic interoperability and integration has been a long standing challenge for the database community and has now become a prominent area of database research. In this paper, we aim to answer the question how semantic interoperability between two databases can be achieved by using Formal Concept Analysis (FCA for short and Information Flow (IF for short theories. For our purposes, firstly we discover knowledge from different databases by using FCA, and then align what is discovered by using IF and FCA. The development of FCA has led to some software systems such as TOSCANA and TUPLEWARE, which can be used as a tool for discovering knowledge in databases. A prototype based on the IF and FCA has been developed. Our method is tested and verified by using this prototype and TUPLEWARE.

  6. The RICORDO approach to semantic interoperability for biomedical data and models: strategy, standards and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wimalaratne Sarala

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The practice and research of medicine generates considerable quantities of data and model resources (DMRs. Although in principle biomedical resources are re-usable, in practice few can currently be shared. In particular, the clinical communities in physiology and pharmacology research, as well as medical education, (i.e. PPME communities are facing considerable operational and technical obstacles in sharing data and models. Findings We outline the efforts of the PPME communities to achieve automated semantic interoperability for clinical resource documentation in collaboration with the RICORDO project. Current community practices in resource documentation and knowledge management are overviewed. Furthermore, requirements and improvements sought by the PPME communities to current documentation practices are discussed. The RICORDO plan and effort in creating a representational framework and associated open software toolkit for the automated management of PPME metadata resources is also described. Conclusions RICORDO is providing the PPME community with tools to effect, share and reason over clinical resource annotations. This work is contributing to the semantic interoperability of DMRs through ontology-based annotation by (i supporting more effective navigation and re-use of clinical DMRs, as well as (ii sustaining interoperability operations based on the criterion of biological similarity. Operations facilitated by RICORDO will range from automated dataset matching to model merging and managing complex simulation workflows. In effect, RICORDO is contributing to community standards for resource sharing and interoperability.

  7. An adaptive semantic based mediation system for data interoperability among Health Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Wajahat Ali; Khattak, Asad Masood; Hussain, Maqbool; Amin, Muhammad Bilal; Afzal, Muhammad; Nugent, Christopher; Lee, Sungyoung

    2014-08-01

    Heterogeneity in the management of the complex medical data, obstructs the attainment of data level interoperability among Health Information Systems (HIS). This diversity is dependent on the compliance of HISs with different healthcare standards. Its solution demands a mediation system for the accurate interpretation of data in different heterogeneous formats for achieving data interoperability. We propose an adaptive AdapteR Interoperability ENgine mediation system called ARIEN, that arbitrates between HISs compliant to different healthcare standards for accurate and seamless information exchange to achieve data interoperability. ARIEN stores the semantic mapping information between different standards in the Mediation Bridge Ontology (MBO) using ontology matching techniques. These mappings are provided by our System for Parallel Heterogeneity (SPHeRe) matching system and Personalized-Detailed Clinical Model (P-DCM) approach to guarantee accuracy of mappings. The realization of the effectiveness of the mappings stored in the MBO is evaluation of the accuracy in transformation process among different standard formats. We evaluated our proposed system with the transformation process of medical records between Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) and Virtual Medical Record (vMR) standards. The transformation process achieved over 90 % of accuracy level in conversion process between CDA and vMR standards using pattern oriented approach from the MBO. The proposed mediation system improves the overall communication process between HISs. It provides an accurate and seamless medical information exchange to ensure data interoperability and timely healthcare services to patients.

  8. Standardized headings as a foundation for semantic interoperability in EHR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halilovic Amra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The new Swedish Patient Act, which allows patients to choose health care in county councils other than their own, creates the need to be able to share health-related information contained in electronic health records [EHRs across county councils. This demands interoperability in terms of structured and standardized data. Headings in EHR could also be a part of structured and standardized data. The aim was to study to what extent terminology is shared and standardized across county councils in Sweden. Headings from three county councils were analyzed to see to what extent they were shared and to what extent they corresponded to concepts in SNOMED CT and the National Board of Health and Welfare’s term dictionary [NBHW’s TD. In total 41% of the headings were shared across two or three county councils. A third of the shared headings corresponded to concepts in SNOMED CT. Further, an eighth of the shared headings corresponded to concepts in NBHW’s TD. The results showed that the extent of shared and standardized terminology in terms of headings across the studied three county councils were negligible.

  9. An approach for the semantic interoperability of ISO EN 13606 and OpenEHR archetypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Costa, Catalina; Menárguez-Tortosa, Marcos; Fernández-Breis, Jesualdo Tomás

    2010-10-01

    The communication between health information systems of hospitals and primary care organizations is currently an important challenge to improve the quality of clinical practice and patient safety. However, clinical information is usually distributed among several independent systems that may be syntactically or semantically incompatible. This fact prevents healthcare professionals from accessing clinical information of patients in an understandable and normalized way. In this work, we address the semantic interoperability of two EHR standards: OpenEHR and ISO EN 13606. Both standards follow the dual model approach which distinguishes information and knowledge, this being represented through archetypes. The solution presented here is capable of transforming OpenEHR archetypes into ISO EN 13606 and vice versa by combining Semantic Web and Model-driven Engineering technologies. The resulting software implementation has been tested using publicly available collections of archetypes for both standards.

  10. Semantic modeling and interoperability in product and process engineering a technology for engineering informatics

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    In the past decade, feature-based design and manufacturing has gained some momentum in various engineering domains to represent and reuse semantic patterns with effective applicability. However, the actual scope of feature application is still very limited. Semantic Modeling and Interoperability in Product and Process Engineering provides a systematic solution for the challenging engineering informatics field aiming at the enhancement of sustainable knowledge representation, implementation and reuse in an open and yet practically manageable scale.   This semantic modeling technology supports uniform, multi-facet and multi-level collaborative system engineering with heterogeneous computer-aided tools, such as CADCAM, CAE, and ERP.  This presented unified feature model can be applied to product and process representation, development, implementation and management. Practical case studies and test samples are provided to illustrate applications which can be implemented by the readers in real-world scenarios. �...

  11. Semantic Interoperability Almost Without Using The Same Vocabulary: Is It Possible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krisnadhi, A. A.

    2016-12-01

    Semantic interoperability, which is a key requirement in realizing cross-repository data integration, is often understood as using the same ontology or vocabulary. Consequently, within a particular domain, one can easily assume that there has to be one unifying domain ontology covering as many vocabulary terms in the domain as possible in order to realize any form of data integration across multiple data sources. Furthermore, the desire to provide very precise definition of those many terms led to the development of huge, foundational and domain ontologies that are comprehensive, but too complicated, restrictive, monolithic, and difficult to use and reuse, which cause common data providers to avoid using them. This problem is especially true in a domain as diverse as geosciences as it is virtually impossible to reach an agreement to the semantics of many terms (e.g., there are hundreds of definitions of forest used throughout the world). To overcome this challenge, modular ontology architecture has emerged in recent years, fueled among others, by advances in the ontology design pattern research. Each ontology pattern models only one key notion. It can act as a small module of a larger ontology. Such a module is developed in such a way that it is largely independent of how other notions in the same domain are modeled. This leads to an increased reusability. Furthermore, an ontology formed out of such modules would have an improved understandability over large, monolithic ontologies. Semantic interoperability in the aforementioned architecture is not achieved by enforcing the use of the same vocabulary, but rather, promoting alignment to the same ontology patterns. In this work, we elaborate how this architecture realizes the above idea. In particular, we describe how multiple data sources with differing perspectives and vocabularies can interoperate through this architecture. Building the solution upon semantic technologies such as Linked Data and the Web Ontology

  12. A Reusable and Interoperable Semantic Classification Tool which Integrates Owl Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saadia Lgarch

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In e-Learning systems, tutor plays a very important role to support learners, and guarantee a learning of quality. A successful collaboration between learners and their tutor requires the use of communication tools. Thanks to their flexibility in terms of time, the asynchronous tools as discussion forum are the most used. However this type of tools generates a great mass of messages making tutoring an operation complex to manage, hence the need of a classification tool of messages. We proposed in a first step a semantics classification tool, which is based on the LSA and thesaurus. The possibility that ontology provides to overcome the limitations of the thesaurus encouraged us to use it to control our vocabulary. By the way of our proposed selection algorithm, the OWL ontology is queried to generate new terms which are used to build the LSA matrix. The integration of formal OWL ontology provides a highly relevant semantic classification of messages, and the reuse by other applications of ontological knowledge base is also guaranteed. The interoperability and the knowledge exchange between systems are also ensured by ontology integrated. In order to ensure its reuse and interoperability with systems which requesting for its service of classification, the implementation of our semantic classifier tool basing on the SOA is adopted and it will be explained and tested in this work.

  13. The 'PEARL' Data Warehouse: Initial Challenges Faced with Semantic and Syntactic Interoperability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Samhar; Boyd, Andy; Curcin, Vasa; Bache, Richard; Ali, Asad; Miles, Simon; Taweel, Adel; Delaney, Brendan; Macleod, John

    2017-01-01

    Data about patients are available from diverse sources, including those routinely collected as individuals interact with service providers, and those provided directly by individuals through surveys. Linking these data can lead to a more complete picture about the individual, to inform either care decision making or research investigations. However, post-linkage, differences in data recording systems and formats present barriers to achieving these aims. This paper describes an approach to combine linked GP records with study observations, and reports initial challenges related to semantic and syntactic interoperability issues.

  14. Implementation of a metadata architecture and knowledge collection to support semantic interoperability in an enterprise data warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhaval, Rakesh; Borlawsky, Tara; Ostrander, Michael; Santangelo, Jennifer; Kamal, Jyoti; Payne, Philip R O

    2008-11-06

    In order to enhance interoperability between enterprise systems, and improve data validity and reliability throughout The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC), we have initiated the development of an ontology-anchored metadata architecture and knowledge collection for our enterprise data warehouse. The metadata and corresponding semantic relationships stored in the OSUMC knowledge collection are intended to promote consistency and interoperability across the heterogeneous clinical, research, business and education information managed within the data warehouse.

  15. Cohort Selection and Management Application Leveraging Standards-based Semantic Interoperability and a Groovy DSL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucur, Anca; van Leeuwen, Jasper; Chen, Njin-Zu; Claerhout, Brecht; de Schepper, Kristof; Perez-Rey, David; Paraiso-Medina, Sergio; Alonso-Calvo, Raul; Mehta, Keyur; Krykwinski, Cyril

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a new Cohort Selection application implemented to support streamlining the definition phase of multi-centric clinical research in oncology. Our approach aims at both ease of use and precision in defining the selection filters expressing the characteristics of the desired population. The application leverages our standards-based Semantic Interoperability Solution and a Groovy DSL to provide high expressiveness in the definition of filters and flexibility in their composition into complex selection graphs including splits and merges. Widely-adopted ontologies such as SNOMED-CT are used to represent the semantics of the data and to express concepts in the application filters, facilitating data sharing and collaboration on joint research questions in large communities of clinical users. The application supports patient data exploration and efficient collaboration in multi-site, heterogeneous and distributed data environments.

  16. Archetype-based knowledge management for semantic interoperability of electronic health records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garde, Sebastian; Chen, Rong; Leslie, Heather; Beale, Thomas; McNicoll, Ian; Heard, Sam

    2009-01-01

    Formal modeling of clinical content that can be made available internationally is one of the most promising pathways to semantic interoperability of health information. Drawing on the extensive experience from openEHR archetype research and implementation work, we present the latest research and development in this area to improve semantic interoperability of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) using openEHR (ISO 13606) archetypes. Archetypes as the formal definition of clinical content need to be of high technical and clinical quality. We will start with a brief introduction of the openEHR architecture followed by presentations on specific topics related to the management of a wide range of clinical knowledge artefacts. We will describe a web-based review process for archetypes that enables international involvement and ensures that released archetypes are technically and clinically correct. Tools for validation of archetypes will be presented, along with templates and compliance templates. All this in combination enables the openEHR computing platform to be the foundation for safely sharing the information clinicians need, using this information within computerized clinical guidelines, for decision support as well as migrating legacy data.

  17. Interoperability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savin, Andrej

    be limited. Fourth, Data protection “by design” would be distinguished from data protection “by default”. Fifth, new fundamental rights would be introduced and the old ones clarified. Sixth, new rules on controllers’ and processors’ duties, on supervisory authorities and on sanctions would be introduced....... Finally, the Commission would obtain significant new powers to adopt delegated acts. This appendix explores the impact that the proposed Regulation might have on interoperability of user-­‐generated services.4 Since the proposed Regulation is an instrument of high complexity, only those provisions...

  18. caCORE version 3: Implementation of a model driven, service-oriented architecture for semantic interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komatsoulis, George A.; Warzel, Denise B.; Hartel, Frank W.; Shanbhag, Krishnakant; Chilukuri, Ram; Fragoso, Gilberto; de Coronado, Sherri; Reeves, Dianne M.; Hadfield, Jillaine B.; Ludet, Christophe; Covitz, Peter A.

    2008-01-01

    One of the requirements for a federated information system is interoperability, the ability of one computer system to access and use the resources of another system. This feature is particularly important in biomedical research systems, which need to coordinate a variety of disparate types of data. In order to meet this need, the National Cancer Institute Center for Bioinformatics (NCICB) has created the cancer Common Ontologic Representation Environment (caCORE), an interoperability infrastructure based on Model Driven Architecture. The caCORE infrastructure provides a mechanism to create interoperable biomedical information systems. Systems built using the caCORE paradigm address both aspects of interoperability: the ability to access data (syntactic interoperability) and understand the data once retrieved (semantic interoperability). This infrastructure consists of an integrated set of three major components: a controlled terminology service (Enterprise Vocabulary Services), a standards-based metadata repository (the cancer Data Standards Repository) and an information system with an Application Programming Interface (API) based on Domain Model Driven Architecture. This infrastructure is being leveraged to create a Semantic Service Oriented Architecture (SSOA) for cancer research by the National Cancer Institute’s cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG™). PMID:17512259

  19. Facilitating Semantic Interoperability Among Ocean Data Systems: ODIP-R2R Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocks, K. I.; Chen, Y.; Shepherd, A.; Chandler, C. L.; Dockery, N.; Elya, J. L.; Smith, S. R.; Ferreira, R.; Fu, L.; Arko, R. A.

    2014-12-01

    With informatics providing an increasingly important set of tools for geoscientists, it is critical to train the next generation of scientists in information and data techniques. The NSF-supported Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) Program works with the academic fleet community to routinely document, assess, and preserve the underway sensor data from U.S. research vessels. The Ocean Data Interoperability Platform (ODIP) is an EU-US-Australian collaboration fostering interoperability among regional e-infrastructures through workshops and joint prototype development. The need to align terminology between systems is a common challenge across all of the ODIP prototypes. Five R2R students were supported to address aspects of semantic interoperability within ODIP. Developing a vocabulary matching service that links terms from different vocabularies with similar concept. The service implements Google Refine reconciliation service interface such that users can leverage Google Refine application as a friendly user interface while linking different vocabulary terms. Developing Resource Description Framework (RDF) resources that map Shipboard Automated Meteorological Oceanographic System (SAMOS) vocabularies to internationally served vocabularies. Each SAMOS vocabulary term (data parameter and quality control flag) will be described as an RDF resource page. These RDF resources allow for enhanced discoverability and retrieval of SAMOS data by enabling data searches based on parameter. Improving data retrieval and interoperability by exposing data and mapped vocabularies using Semantic Web technologies. We have collaborated with ODIP participating organizations in order to build a generalized data model that will be used to populate a SPARQL endpoint in order to provide expressive querying over our data files. Mapping local and regional vocabularies used by R2R to those used by ODIP partners. This work is described more fully in a companion poster. Making published Linked Data

  20. Achieving clinical statement interoperability using R-MIM and archetype-based semantic transformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Ozgur; Dogac, Asuman

    2009-07-01

    Effective use of electronic healthcare records (EHRs) has the potential to positively influence both the quality and the cost of health care. Consequently, sharing patient's EHRs is becoming a global priority in the healthcare information technology domain. This paper addresses the interoperability of EHR structure and content. It describes how two different EHR standards derived from the same reference information model (RIM) can be mapped to each other by using archetypes, refined message information model (R-MIM) derivations, and semantic tools. It is also demonstrated that well-defined R-MIM derivation rules help tracing the class properties back to their origins when the R-MIMs of two EHR standards are derived from the same RIM. Using well-defined rules also enable finding equivalences in the properties of the source and target EHRs. Yet an R-MIM still defines the concepts at the generic level. Archetypes (or templates), on the other hand, constrain an R-MIM to domain-specific concepts, and hence, provide finer granularity semantics. Therefore, while mapping clinical statements between EHRs, we also make use of the archetype semantics. Derivation statements are inferred from the Web Ontology Language definitions of the RIM, the R-MIMs, and the archetypes. Finally, we show how to transform Health Level Seven clinical statement instances to EHRcom clinical statement instances and vice versa by using the generated mapping definitions.

  1. A Joint Initiative to Support the Semantic Interoperability within the GIIDA Project

    CERN Document Server

    Plini, Paolo; De Santis, Valentina; Uricchio, Vito F; De Carlo, Dario; D'Arpa, Stefania; De Martino, Monica; Albertoni, Riccardo

    2010-01-01

    The GIIDA project aims to develop a digital infrastructure for the spatial information within CNR. It is foreseen to use semantic-oriented technologies to ease information modeling and connecting, according to international standards like the ISO/IEC 11179. Complex information management systems, like GIIDA, will take benefit from the use of terminological tools like thesauri that make available a reference lexicon for the indexing and retrieval of information. Within GIIDA the goal is to make available the EARTh thesaurus (Environmental Applications Reference Thesaurus), developed by the CNR-IIA-EKOLab. A web-based software, developed by the CNR-Water Research Institute (IRSA) was implemented to allow consultation and utilization of thesaurus through the web. This service is a useful tool to ensure interoperability between thesaurus and other systems of the indexing, with, the idea of cooperating to develop a comprehensive system of knowledge organization, that could be defined integrated, open, multi-functi...

  2. The role of ontologies for sustainable, semantically interoperable and trustworthy EHR solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blobel, Bernd; Kalra, Dipak; Koehn, Marc; Lunn, Ken; Pharow, Peter; Ruotsalainen, Pekka; Schulz, Stefan; Smith, Barry

    2009-01-01

    As health systems around the world turn towards highly distributed, specialized and cooperative structures to increase quality and safety of care as well as efficiency and efficacy of delivery processes, there is a growing need for supporting communication and collaboration of all parties involved with advanced ICT solutions. The Electronic Health Record (EHR) provides the information platform which is maturing towards the eHealth core application. To meet the requirements for sustainable, semantically interoperable, and trustworthy EHR solutions, different standards and different national strategies have been established. The workshop summarizes the requirements for such advanced EHR systems and their underlying architecture, presents different strategies and solutions advocated by corresponding protagonists, discusses pros and cons as well as harmonization and migration strategies for those approaches. It particularly highlights a turn towards ontology-driven architectures. The workshop is a joint activity of the EFMI Working Groups "Electronic Health Records" and "Security, Safety and Ethics".

  3. Clinical information modeling processes for semantic interoperability of electronic health records: systematic review and inductive analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Conde, Alberto; Moner, David; Cruz, Wellington Dimas da; Santos, Marcelo R; Maldonado, José Alberto; Robles, Montserrat; Kalra, Dipak

    2015-07-01

    This systematic review aims to identify and compare the existing processes and methodologies that have been published in the literature for defining clinical information models (CIMs) that support the semantic interoperability of electronic health record (EHR) systems. Following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses systematic review methodology, the authors reviewed published papers between 2000 and 2013 that covered that semantic interoperability of EHRs, found by searching the PubMed, IEEE Xplore, and ScienceDirect databases. Additionally, after selection of a final group of articles, an inductive content analysis was done to summarize the steps and methodologies followed in order to build CIMs described in those articles. Three hundred and seventy-eight articles were screened and thirty six were selected for full review. The articles selected for full review were analyzed to extract relevant information for the analysis and characterized according to the steps the authors had followed for clinical information modeling. Most of the reviewed papers lack a detailed description of the modeling methodologies used to create CIMs. A representative example is the lack of description related to the definition of terminology bindings and the publication of the generated models. However, this systematic review confirms that most clinical information modeling activities follow very similar steps for the definition of CIMs. Having a robust and shared methodology could improve their correctness, reliability, and quality. Independently of implementation technologies and standards, it is possible to find common patterns in methods for developing CIMs, suggesting the viability of defining a unified good practice methodology to be used by any clinical information modeler. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  4. A Proof-of-Concept for Semantically Interoperable Federation of IoT Experimentation Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, Jorge; Sanchez, Luis; Gomez, David; Elsaleh, Tarek; Steinke, Ronald; Cirillo, Flavio

    2016-06-29

    The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is unanimously identified as one of the main pillars of future smart scenarios. The potential of IoT technologies and deployments has been already demonstrated in a number of different application areas, including transport, energy, safety and healthcare. However, despite the growing number of IoT deployments, the majority of IoT applications tend to be self-contained, thereby forming application silos. A lightweight data centric integration and combination of these silos presents several challenges that still need to be addressed. Indeed, the ability to combine and synthesize data streams and services from diverse IoT platforms and testbeds, holds the promise to increase the potentiality of smart applications in terms of size, scope and targeted business context. In this article, a proof-of-concept implementation that federates two different IoT experimentation facilities by means of semantic-based technologies will be described. The specification and design of the implemented system and information models will be described together with the practical details of the developments carried out and its integration with the existing IoT platforms supporting the aforementioned testbeds. Overall, the system described in this paper demonstrates that it is possible to open new horizons in the development of IoT applications and experiments at a global scale, that transcend the (silo) boundaries of individual deployments, based on the semantic interconnection and interoperability of diverse IoT platforms and testbeds.

  5. A Proof-of-Concept for Semantically Interoperable Federation of IoT Experimentation Facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Lanza

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Internet-of-Things (IoT is unanimously identified as one of the main pillars of future smart scenarios. The potential of IoT technologies and deployments has been already demonstrated in a number of different application areas, including transport, energy, safety and healthcare. However, despite the growing number of IoT deployments, the majority of IoT applications tend to be self-contained, thereby forming application silos. A lightweight data centric integration and combination of these silos presents several challenges that still need to be addressed. Indeed, the ability to combine and synthesize data streams and services from diverse IoT platforms and testbeds, holds the promise to increase the potentiality of smart applications in terms of size, scope and targeted business context. In this article, a proof-of-concept implementation that federates two different IoT experimentation facilities by means of semantic-based technologies will be described. The specification and design of the implemented system and information models will be described together with the practical details of the developments carried out and its integration with the existing IoT platforms supporting the aforementioned testbeds. Overall, the system described in this paper demonstrates that it is possible to open new horizons in the development of IoT applications and experiments at a global scale, that transcend the (silo boundaries of individual deployments, based on the semantic interconnection and interoperability of diverse IoT platforms and testbeds.

  6. A Proof-of-Concept for Semantically Interoperable Federation of IoT Experimentation Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, Jorge; Sanchez, Luis; Gomez, David; Elsaleh, Tarek; Steinke, Ronald; Cirillo, Flavio

    2016-01-01

    The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is unanimously identified as one of the main pillars of future smart scenarios. The potential of IoT technologies and deployments has been already demonstrated in a number of different application areas, including transport, energy, safety and healthcare. However, despite the growing number of IoT deployments, the majority of IoT applications tend to be self-contained, thereby forming application silos. A lightweight data centric integration and combination of these silos presents several challenges that still need to be addressed. Indeed, the ability to combine and synthesize data streams and services from diverse IoT platforms and testbeds, holds the promise to increase the potentiality of smart applications in terms of size, scope and targeted business context. In this article, a proof-of-concept implementation that federates two different IoT experimentation facilities by means of semantic-based technologies will be described. The specification and design of the implemented system and information models will be described together with the practical details of the developments carried out and its integration with the existing IoT platforms supporting the aforementioned testbeds. Overall, the system described in this paper demonstrates that it is possible to open new horizons in the development of IoT applications and experiments at a global scale, that transcend the (silo) boundaries of individual deployments, based on the semantic interconnection and interoperability of diverse IoT platforms and testbeds. PMID:27367695

  7. Sharing meanings: developing interoperable semantic technologies to enhance reproducibility in earth and environmental science research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schildhauer, M.

    2015-12-01

    Earth and environmental scientists are familiar with the entities, processes, and theories germane to their field of study, and comfortable collecting and analyzing data in their area of interest. Yet, while there appears to be consistency and agreement as to the scientific "terms" used to describe features in their data and analyses, aside from a few fundamental physical characteristics—such as mass or velocity-- there can be broad tolerances, if not considerable ambiguity, in how many earth science "terms" map to the underlying "concepts" that they actually represent. This ambiguity in meanings, or "semantics", creates major problems for scientific reproducibility. It greatly impedes the ability to replicate results—by making it difficult to determine the specifics of the intended meanings of terms such as deforestation or carbon flux -- as to scope, composition, magnitude, etc. In addition, semantic ambiguity complicates assemblage of comparable data for reproducing results, due to ambiguous or idiosyncratic labels for measurements, such as percent cover of forest, where the term "forest" is undefined; or where a reported output of "total carbon-emissions" might just include CO2 emissions, but not methane emissions. In this talk, we describe how the NSF-funded DataONE repository for earth and environmental science data (http://dataone.org), is using W3C-standard languages (RDF/OWL) to build an ontology for clarifying concepts embodied in heterogeneous data and model outputs. With an initial focus on carbon cycling concepts using terrestrial biospheric model outputs and LTER productivity data, we describe how we are achieving interoperability with "semantic vocabularies" (or ontologies) from aligned earth and life science domains, including OBO-foundry ontologies such as ENVO and BCO; the ISO/OGC O&M; and the NSF Earthcube GeoLink project. Our talk will also discuss best practices that may be helpful for other groups interested in constructing their own

  8. Analyzing SNOMED CT and HL7 terminology binding for semantic interoperability on post-genomic clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aso, Santiago; Perez-Rey, David; Alonso-Calvo, Raul; Rico-Diez, Antonio; Bucur, Anca; Claerhout, Brecht; Maojo, Victor

    2013-01-01

    Current post-genomic clinical trials in cancer involve the collaboration of several institutions. Multi-centric retrospective analysis requires advanced methods to ensure semantic interoperability. In this scenario, the objective of the EU funded INTEGRATE project, is to provide an infrastructure to share knowledge and data in post-genomic breast cancer clinical trials. This paper presents the process carried out in this project, to bind domain terminologies in the area, such as SNOMED CT, with the HL7 v3 Reference Information Model (RIM). The proposed terminology binding follow the HL7 recommendations, but should also consider important issues such as overlapping concepts and domain terminology coverage. Although there are limitations due to the large heterogeneity of the data in the area, the proposed process has been successfully applied within the context of the INTEGRATE project. An improvement in semantic interoperability of patient data from modern breast cancer clinical trials, aims to enhance the clinical practice in oncology.

  9. The environment ontology in 2016: bridging domains with increased scope, semantic density, and interoperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Pafilis, Evangelos; Lewis, Suzanna E; Schildhauer, Mark P; Walls, Ramona L; Mungall, Christopher J

    2016-09-23

    The Environment Ontology (ENVO; http://www.environmentontology.org/ ), first described in 2013, is a resource and research target for the semantically controlled description of environmental entities. The ontology's initial aim was the representation of the biomes, environmental features, and environmental materials pertinent to genomic and microbiome-related investigations. However, the need for environmental semantics is common to a multitude of fields, and ENVO's use has steadily grown since its initial description. We have thus expanded, enhanced, and generalised the ontology to support its increasingly diverse applications. We have updated our development suite to promote expressivity, consistency, and speed: we now develop ENVO in the Web Ontology Language (OWL) and employ templating methods to accelerate class creation. We have also taken steps to better align ENVO with the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Foundry principles and interoperate with existing OBO ontologies. Further, we applied text-mining approaches to extract habitat information from the Encyclopedia of Life and automatically create experimental habitat classes within ENVO. Relative to its state in 2013, ENVO's content, scope, and implementation have been enhanced and much of its existing content revised for improved semantic representation. ENVO now offers representations of habitats, environmental processes, anthropogenic environments, and entities relevant to environmental health initiatives and the global Sustainable Development Agenda for 2030. Several branches of ENVO have been used to incubate and seed new ontologies in previously unrepresented domains such as food and agronomy. The current release version of the ontology, in OWL format, is available at http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/envo.owl . ENVO has been shaped into an ontology which bridges multiple domains including biomedicine, natural and anthropogenic ecology, 'omics, and socioeconomic development. Through

  10. W2E--Wellness Warehouse Engine for Semantic Interoperability of Consumer Health Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honko, Harri; Andalibi, Vafa; Aaltonen, Timo; Parak, Jakub; Saaranen, Mika; Viik, Jari; Korhonen, Ilkka

    2016-11-01

    Novel health monitoring devices and applications allow consumers easy and ubiquitous ways to monitor their health status. However, technologies from different providers lack both technical and semantic interoperability and hence the resulting health data are often deeply tied to a specific service, which is limiting its reusability and utilization in different services. We have designed a Wellness Warehouse Engine (W2E) that bridges this gap and enables seamless exchange of data between different services. W2E provides interfaces to various data sources and makes data available via unified representational state transfer application programming interface to other services. Importantly, it includes Unifier--an engine that allows transforming input data into generic units reusable by other services, and Analyzer--an engine that allows advanced analysis of input data, such as combining different data sources into new output parameters. In this paper, we describe the architecture of W2E and demonstrate its applicability by using it for unifying data from four consumer activity trackers, using a test base of 20 subjects each carrying out three different tracking sessions. Finally, we discuss challenges of building a scalable Unifier engine for the ever-enlarging number of new devices.

  11. Proposed Information Sharing Security Approach for Security Personnels, Vertical Integration, Semantic Interoperability Architecture and Framework for Digital Government

    CERN Document Server

    Headayetullah, Md; Biswas, Sanjay; Puthal, B

    2011-01-01

    This paper mainly depicts the conceptual overview of vertical integration, semantic interoperability architecture such as Educational Sector Architectural Framework (ESAF) for New Zealand government and different interoperability framework solution for digital government. In this paper, we try to develop a secure information sharing approach for digital government to improve home land security. This approach is a role and cooperation based approach for security personnel of different government departments. In order to run any successful digital government of any country in the world, it is necessary to interact with their citizen and to share secure information via different network among the citizen or other government. Consequently, in order to smooth the progress of users to cooperate with and share information without darkness and flawlessly transversely different networks and databases universally, a safe and trusted information-sharing environment has been renowned as a very important requirement and t...

  12. Interoperability Between Coastal Web Atlases Using Semantic Mediation: A Case Study of the International Coastal Atlas Network (ICAN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, D. J.; Lassoued, Y.; Dwyer, N.; Haddad, T.; Bermudez, L. E.; Dunne, D.

    2009-12-01

    Coastal mapping plays an important role in informing marine spatial planning, resource management, maritime safety, hazard assessment and even national sovereignty. As such, there is now a plethora of data/metadata catalogs, pre-made maps, tabular and text information on resource availability and exploitation, and decision-making tools. A recent trend has been to encapsulate these in a special class of web-enabled geographic information systems called a coastal web atlas (CWA). While multiple benefits are derived from tailor-made atlases, there is great value added from the integration of disparate CWAs. CWAs linked to one another can query more successfully to optimize planning and decision-making. If a dataset is missing in one atlas, it may be immediately located in another. Similar datasets in two atlases may be combined to enhance study in either region. *But how best to achieve semantic interoperability to mitigate vague data queries, concepts or natural language semantics when retrieving and integrating data and information?* We report on the development of a new prototype seeking to interoperate between two initial CWAs: the Marine Irish Digital Atlas (MIDA) and the Oregon Coastal Atlas (OCA). These two mature atlases are used as a testbed for more regional connections, with the intent for the OCA to use lessons learned to develop a regional network of CWAs along the west coast, and for MIDA to do the same in building and strengthening atlas networks with the UK, Belgium, and other parts of Europe. Our prototype uses semantic interoperability via services harmonization and ontology mediation, allowing local atlases to use their own data structures, and vocabularies (ontologies). We use standard technologies such as OGC Web Map Services (WMS) for delivering maps, and OGC Catalogue Service for the Web (CSW) for delivering and querying ISO-19139 metadata. The metadata records of a given CWA use a given ontology of terms called local ontology. Human or machine

  13. Efficient Results in Semantic Interoperability for Health Care. Findings from the Section on Knowledge Representation and Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soualmia, L F; Charlet, J

    2016-11-10

    To summarize excellent current research in the field of Knowledge Representation and Management (KRM) within the health and medical care domain. We provide a synopsis of the 2016 IMIA selected articles as well as a related synthetic overview of the current and future field activities. A first step of the selection was performed through MEDLINE querying with a list of MeSH descriptors completed by a list of terms adapted to the KRM section. The second step of the selection was completed by the two section editors who separately evaluated the set of 1,432 articles. The third step of the selection consisted of a collective work that merged the evaluation results to retain 15 articles for peer-review. The selection and evaluation process of this Yearbook's section on Knowledge Representation and Management has yielded four excellent and interesting articles regarding semantic interoperability for health care by gathering heterogeneous sources (knowledge and data) and auditing ontologies. In the first article, the authors present a solution based on standards and Semantic Web technologies to access distributed and heterogeneous datasets in the domain of breast cancer clinical trials. The second article describes a knowledge-based recommendation system that relies on ontologies and Semantic Web rules in the context of chronic diseases dietary. The third article is related to concept-recognition and text-mining to derive common human diseases model and a phenotypic network of common diseases. In the fourth article, the authors highlight the need for auditing the SNOMED CT. They propose to use a crowdbased method for ontology engineering. The current research activities further illustrate the continuous convergence of Knowledge Representation and Medical Informatics, with a focus this year on dedicated tools and methods to advance clinical care by proposing solutions to cope with the problem of semantic interoperability. Indeed, there is a need for powerful tools able to

  14. United States Air Force (USAF) Semantic Interoperability Capabilities Based Assessment and Technology Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    behavioural aspects of the phenomenology. To enable reasoning about actual real world objects and events, we must provide a way to map (subscribe...application platform for creating Semantic Web applications such as: blogs, wikis, feed aggregators, etc., with built-in SPARQL support and incorporation...RacerPro is an OWL reasoner and inference server for the Semantic Web Raptor The Raptor RDF parser toolkit is a free software / Open Source C library

  15. Establishing Semantic Interoperability, Under Denied, Disconnected, Intermittant, and Limited Telecommunications Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    always been there for me and gave me a beautiful model of hard work and perseverance. xv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT...efforts on Data Distribution Services (DDS) for its applicability to military IT/C2 systems operating in a denied environment. DDS is advertised ...interoperability is simply the ability to send signals or bytes through 5 a reliable physical connection. Technical integration is more feasible and less complex

  16. PROPOSED INFORMATION SHARING SECURITY APPROACH FOR SECURITY PERSONNELS, VERTICAL INTEGRATION, SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY ARCHITECTURE AND FRAMEWORK FOR DIGITAL GOVERNMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md.Headayetullah

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper mainly depicts the conceptual overview of vertical integration, semantic interoperability architecture such as Educational Sector Architectural Framework (ESAF for New Zealand governmentand different interoperability framework solution for digital government. In this paper, we try to develop a secure information sharing approach for digital government to improve home land security. This approach is a role and cooperation based approach for security personnel of different government departments. In order to run any successful digital government of any country in the world, it is necessary to interact with their citizen and to share secure information via different network among the citizen or other government. Consequently, in order to smooth the progress of users to cooperate with and share information without darkness and flawlessly transversely different networks and databases universally, a safe and trusted information-sharing environment has been renowned as a very important requirement and to press forward homeland security endeavor. The key incentive following this research is to put up a secure and trusted information-sharing approach for government departments. This paper presents a proficient function and teamwork based information sharing approach for safe exchange of hush-hush and privileged information amid security personnels and government departments inside the national boundaries by means of public key cryptography. The expanded approach makes use of cryptographic hash function; public key cryptosystem and a unique and complex mapping function for securely swapping over secret information. Moreover, the projected approach facilitates privacy preserving information sharing with probable restrictions based on the rank of the security personnels. The projected function and collaboration based information sharing approach ensures protected and updated information sharing between security personnels and government

  17. Using architectures for semantic interoperability to create journal clubs for emergency response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Collins, Linn M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    In certain types of 'slow burn' emergencies, careful accumulation and evaluation of information can offer a crucial advantage. The SARS outbreak in the first decade of the 21st century was such an event, and ad hoc journal clubs played a critical role in assisting scientific and technical responders in identifying and developing various strategies for halting what could have become a dangerous pandemic. This research-in-progress paper describes a process for leveraging emerging semantic web and digital library architectures and standards to (1) create a focused collection of bibliographic metadata, (2) extract semantic information, (3) convert it to the Resource Description Framework /Extensible Markup Language (RDF/XML), and (4) integrate it so that scientific and technical responders can share and explore critical information in the collections.

  18. Case Study for Integration of an Oncology Clinical Site in a Semantic Interoperability Solution based on HL7 v3 and SNOMED-CT: Data Transformation Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Ahmed; Bucur, Anca; Perez-Rey, David; Alonso, Enrique; de Hoog, Matthy; Dekker, Andre; Marshall, M Scott

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the data transformation pipeline defined to support the integration of a new clinical site in a standards-based semantic interoperability environment. The available datasets combined structured and free-text patient data in Dutch, collected in the context of radiation therapy in several cancer types. Our approach aims at both efficiency and data quality. We combine custom-developed scripts, standard tools and manual validation by clinical and knowledge experts. We identified key challenges emerging from the several sources of heterogeneity in our case study (systems, language, data structure, clinical domain) and implemented solutions that we will further generalize for the integration of new sites. We conclude that the required effort for data transformation is manageable which supports the feasibility of our semantic interoperability solution. The achieved semantic interoperability will be leveraged for the deployment and evaluation at the clinical site of applications enabling secondary use of care data for research. This work has been funded by the European Commission through the INTEGRATE (FP7-ICT-2009-6-270253) and EURECA (FP7-ICT-2011-288048) projects.

  19. Are E-Businesses Trustworthy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulsey, John D.

    2010-01-01

    This study uses a quantitative approach to evaluate the trustworthiness of e-businesses as measured by the E-business Trustworthy Index, EBTI, developed as part of this research. The problem is that despite the importance of e-business trustworthiness and the findings from many studies, there are few if any objective measures that evaluate the…

  20. Semantic and Domain-based Interoperability (Interoperabilite Semantique et Interoperabilite basee sur un domaine)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    approval of the RTA Information Management Systems Branch is required for more than one copy to be made or an extract included in another publication...of knowledge-based methods based on ontologies for the bridging of semantic gaps between different systems. Finally, ‘Battle Management Language...sporadique et quelques projets de référence ont été créés mais d’une part, des recherches approfondies s’avèrent nécessaires et d’autre part, le

  1. An E-business Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available On the last decade the integration of e-business into organizations has increased, but there are still difficulties during this process. In the present environment any organization must include into their business plan the possibility of identifying the e-business integration method, the implementation cost, and the expected results. The article's aim is to analyze the necessary means and steps in e-business integration into the business plan of an organization.

  2. Geospatial semantic web

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Chuanrong; Li, Weidong

    2015-01-01

    This book covers key issues related to Geospatial Semantic Web, including geospatial web services for spatial data interoperability; geospatial ontology for semantic interoperability; ontology creation, sharing, and integration; querying knowledge and information from heterogeneous data source; interfaces for Geospatial Semantic Web, VGI (Volunteered Geographic Information) and Geospatial Semantic Web; challenges of Geospatial Semantic Web; and development of Geospatial Semantic Web applications. This book also describes state-of-the-art technologies that attempt to solve these problems such as WFS, WMS, RDF, OWL, and GeoSPARQL, and demonstrates how to use the Geospatial Semantic Web technologies to solve practical real-world problems such as spatial data interoperability.

  3. Secure E-Business applications based on the European Citizen Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zipfel, Christian; Daum, Henning; Meister, Gisela

    The introduction of ID cards enhanced with electronic authentication services opens up the possibility to use these for identification and authentication in e-business applications. To avoid incompatible national solutions, the specification of the European Citizen Card aims at defining interoperable services for such use cases. Especially the given device authentication methods can help to eliminate security problems with current e-business and online banking applications.

  4. The Semantic Management of Environmental Resources within the Interoperable Context of the EuroGEOSS: Alignment of GEMET and the GEOSS SBAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cialone, Claudia; Stock, Kristin

    2010-05-01

    EuroGEOSS is a European Commission funded project. It aims at improving a scientific understanding of the complex mechanisms which drive changes affecting our planet, identifying and establishing interoperable arrangements between environmental information systems. These systems would be sustained and operated by organizations with a clear mandate and resources and rendered available following the specifications of already existent frameworks such as GEOSS (the Global Earth Observation System of systems)1 and INSPIRE (the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community)2. The EuroGEOSS project's infrastructure focuses on three thematic areas: forestry, drought and biodiversity. One of the important activities in the project is the retrieval, parsing and harmonization of the large amount of heterogeneous environmental data available at local, regional and global levels between these strategic areas. The challenge is to render it semantically and technically interoperable in a simple way. An initial step in achieving this semantic and technical interoperability involves the selection of appropriate classification schemes (for example, thesauri, ontologies and controlled vocabularies) to describe the resources in the EuroGEOSS framework. These classifications become a crucial part of the interoperable framework scaffolding because they allow data providers to describe their resources and thus support resource discovery, execution and orchestration of varying levels of complexity. However, at present, given the diverse range of environmental thesauri, controlled vocabularies and ontologies and the large number of resources provided by project participants, the selection of appropriate classification schemes involves a number of considerations. First of all, there is the semantic difficulty of selecting classification schemes that contain concepts that are relevant to each thematic area. Secondly, EuroGEOSS is intended to accommodate a number of

  5. Enabling technologies for wireless e-business

    CERN Document Server

    Kou, Weidong

    2006-01-01

    Provides a coverage of the technologies needed to make wireless e-business effective. This book offers an introduction for both self-study and taught e-business classes or commercial training in e-business and wireless technologies. It explains both industry standards and relevant academic research.

  6. Moving to e-Business: Exploratory Study on e-Business Readiness in Croatian Large Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Spremić, Mario

    2003-01-01

    This paper defines e-business, its dimensions with respect to differences between traditional business, partial, or pure e-business. Also, a model for moving to e-business is illustrated. The results of the study on current practices in evolving the e-business in top Croatian companies are presented. In this paper some aspects of business process innovation and e-business usage have been investigated (general e-business issues with levels of e-business usage, key objectives of participating i...

  7. Semantic Registration and Discovery System of Subsystems and Services within an Interoperable Coordination Platform in Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio, Gregorio; Martínez, José Fernán; Gómez, David; Li, Xin

    2016-06-24

    Smart subsystems like traffic, Smart Homes, the Smart Grid, outdoor lighting, etc. are built in many urban areas, each with a set of services that are offered to citizens. These subsystems are managed by self-contained embedded systems. However, coordination and cooperation between them are scarce. An integration of these systems which truly represents a "system of systems" could introduce more benefits, such as allowing the development of new applications and collective optimization. The integration should allow maximum reusability of available services provided by entities (e.g., sensors or Wireless Sensor Networks). Thus, it is of major importance to facilitate the discovery and registration of available services and subsystems in an integrated way. Therefore, an ontology-based and automatic system for subsystem and service registration and discovery is presented. Using this proposed system, heterogeneous subsystems and services could be registered and discovered in a dynamic manner with additional semantic annotations. In this way, users are able to build customized applications across different subsystems by using available services. The proposed system has been fully implemented and a case study is presented to show the usefulness of the proposed method.

  8. Semantic Registration and Discovery System of Subsystems and Services within an Interoperable Coordination Platform in Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio, Gregorio; Martínez, José Fernán; Gómez, David; Li, Xin

    2016-01-01

    Smart subsystems like traffic, Smart Homes, the Smart Grid, outdoor lighting, etc. are built in many urban areas, each with a set of services that are offered to citizens. These subsystems are managed by self-contained embedded systems. However, coordination and cooperation between them are scarce. An integration of these systems which truly represents a “system of systems” could introduce more benefits, such as allowing the development of new applications and collective optimization. The integration should allow maximum reusability of available services provided by entities (e.g., sensors or Wireless Sensor Networks). Thus, it is of major importance to facilitate the discovery and registration of available services and subsystems in an integrated way. Therefore, an ontology-based and automatic system for subsystem and service registration and discovery is presented. Using this proposed system, heterogeneous subsystems and services could be registered and discovered in a dynamic manner with additional semantic annotations. In this way, users are able to build customized applications across different subsystems by using available services. The proposed system has been fully implemented and a case study is presented to show the usefulness of the proposed method. PMID:27347965

  9. Semantic Registration and Discovery System of Subsystems and Services within an Interoperable Coordination Platform in Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Rubio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Smart subsystems like traffic, Smart Homes, the Smart Grid, outdoor lighting, etc. are built in many urban areas, each with a set of services that are offered to citizens. These subsystems are managed by self-contained embedded systems. However, coordination and cooperation between them are scarce. An integration of these systems which truly represents a “system of systems” could introduce more benefits, such as allowing the development of new applications and collective optimization. The integration should allow maximum reusability of available services provided by entities (e.g., sensors or Wireless Sensor Networks. Thus, it is of major importance to facilitate the discovery and registration of available services and subsystems in an integrated way. Therefore, an ontology-based and automatic system for subsystem and service registration and discovery is presented. Using this proposed system, heterogeneous subsystems and services could be registered and discovered in a dynamic manner with additional semantic annotations. In this way, users are able to build customized applications across different subsystems by using available services. The proposed system has been fully implemented and a case study is presented to show the usefulness of the proposed method.

  10. GENESIS SciFlo: Choreographing Interoperable Web Services on the Grid using a Semantically-Enabled Dataflow Execution Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, B. D.; Manipon, G.; Xing, Z.

    2007-12-01

    Access Protocol (OpenDAP) servers. SciFlo also publishes its own SOAP services for space/time query and subsetting of Earth Science datasets, and automated access to large datasets via lists of (FTP, HTTP, or DAP) URLs which point to on-line HDF or netCDF files. Typical distributed workflows obtain datasets by calling standard WMS/WCS servers or discovering and fetching data granules from ftp sites; invoke remote analysis operators available as SOAP services (interface described by a WSDL document); and merge results into binary containers (netCDF or HDF files) for further analysis using local executable operators. Naming conventions (HDFEOS and CF-1.0 for netCDF) are exploited to automatically understand and read on-line datasets. More interoperable conventions, and broader adoption of existing converntions, are vital if we are to "scale up" automated choreography of Web Services beyond toy applications. Recently, the ESIP Federation sponsored a collaborative activity in which several ESIP members developed some collaborative science scenarios for atmospheric and aerosol science, and then choreographed services from multiple groups into demonstration workflows using the SciFlo engine and a Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) workflow engine. We will discuss the lessons learned from this activity, the need for standardized interfaces (like WMS/WCS), the difficulty in agreeing on even simple XML formats and interfaces, the benefits of doing collaborative science analysis at the "touch of a button" once services are connected, and further collaborations that are being pursued.

  11. E-business and small Ghanaian exporters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinson, Robert; Sørensen, Olav Jull

    2006-01-01

    The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items.......The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items....

  12. Future E-Business Applications in Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Donald M.; Olson, Mark A.

    1999-01-01

    Some of the opportunities created by e-business, or electronic commerce, for college teaching and administration are explored, including distributed learning, new forms of payment, new learning materials, academic support tools, administrative support, and new forms of publishing. E-business initiatives for colleges and universities are suggested.…

  13. Testing and Monitoring E-Business using the Event-driven Test Scripting Language

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durand, Jacques [Fujitsu Software; Kulvatunyou, Boonserm [ORNL; Woo, Jungyub [Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Korea; Monica, Martin [Sun Microsystems, Inc.

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses challenges associated with conformance and interoperability testing of today's e-business technologies and proposes a new approach that improves on existing test scripting languages and operation modes. A test model and scripting are described, namely, the Event-driven Test Scripting Language (eTSL). We contrasted this new approach with existing testing technologies and provide examples that illustrate the use of both the model and the language.

  14. Seeking success in e-business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viborg Andersen, Kim; Elliot, Steve; Swatman, Paula

    This collection of research papers addresses the emerging field of e-commerce and e-business, and presents a number of key contributions as the research fields are maturing. Many of the texts represent cutting-edge research, illustrating the diverse nature of these fields, from conceptual...... frameworks to state-of-the-art implementations. The book includes contributions in areas such as: strategies for implementing e-business; business-2-consumer, business-2-business; internet marketing; evaluation tools for e-business; implications for SMEs; mobile commerce; trust; distributed knowledge...

  15. Ingen SCM uden e-business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles

    2003-01-01

    FREMTIDENS FORSYNINGSKÆDE. E-business teknologierne er ved at blive voksne og er nu langt mere tilgængelig end for få år siden. ERP II er et nyt koncept for virksomhedssystemer, der sætter e-business teknologierne på dagsordenen igen. I denne artikel argumenteres for, at e-business er en afgørend...... forudsætning for SCM. Det er den sidste i en artikelserie fra projektet Fremtidens Forsyningskæder gennemført af Center for Logistik og Transport (CLT)...

  16. Interoperability in wireless sensor networks based on IEEE 1451 standard

    OpenAIRE

    Higuera Portilla, Jorge Eduardo; Polo Cantero, José

    2012-01-01

    The syntactic and semantic interoperability is a challenge of the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) with smart sensors in pervasive computing environments to increase their harmonization in a wide variety of applications. This chapter contains a detailed description of interoperability in heterogeneous WSN using the IEEE 1451 standard. This work focuses on personal area networks (PAN) with smart sensors and actuators. Also, a technical, syntactic and semantic levels of interoperability based on ...

  17. Interoperability in wireless sensor networks based on IEEE 1451 standard

    OpenAIRE

    Higuera Portilla, Jorge Eduardo; Polo Cantero, José

    2012-01-01

    The syntactic and semantic interoperability is a challenge of the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) with smart sensors in pervasive computing environments to increase their harmonization in a wide variety of applications. This chapter contains a detailed description of interoperability in heterogeneous WSN using the IEEE 1451 standard. This work focuses on personal area networks (PAN) with smart sensors and actuators. Also, a technical, syntactic and semantic levels of interoperability based on ...

  18. A step-by-step methodology for enterprise interoperability projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalmeta, Ricardo; Pazos, Verónica

    2015-05-01

    Enterprise interoperability is one of the key factors for enhancing enterprise competitiveness. Achieving enterprise interoperability is an extremely complex process which involves different technological, human and organisational elements. In this paper we present a framework to help enterprise interoperability. The framework has been developed taking into account the three domains of interoperability: Enterprise Modelling, Architecture and Platform and Ontologies. The main novelty of the framework in comparison to existing ones is that it includes a step-by-step methodology that explains how to carry out an enterprise interoperability project taking into account different interoperability views, like business, process, human resources, technology, knowledge and semantics.

  19. Interoperability Measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    measurement methods (non-maturity model-based methods in italics, maturity-based methods in boldface) .................... 11  Figure 3. LISI ...OIM LISI , IAM QoIM SoIM Figure 2. Chronology of published interoperability measurement methods (non-maturity model- based methods in italics... method called Levels of Information System Interoperability ( LISI ) (Figure 3). (Ibid) This method was eventually formalized and mandated in CJCSI

  20. E. BUSINESS QUALITY: DEFINITION AND DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VALUE AND QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintarė Gulevičiūtė

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – to analyze definitions of e. business value and e. business quality, distinguish the main differences. Design/methodology/approach – there had been used scientific literature deduction (drawing conclusions from the available information, analysis (obtained data analyzed separately, analogy (comparison of data with each other, generalization (the main features complex generalization, induction (from individual elements went to a general conclusion, comparison methods. Findings – after analyzing the theoretical aspects of e. business value and e. business quality, there were introduced the main difference between them and suggested definition of e. business quality. Research limitations/implications – quality is one of the most important factors in e. business, but there are no definition of e. business quality. After analyzing theoretical aspects of e. business value and e. business quality, there were introduced the definitions. Practical implications – Companies are interested in developing e. business, because it helps to get more innovative, it means to get more profit. Most important, e. business can increase sales and reduce selling products and services price. These success criteria are easily measurable, but it is important to assess the immeasurable success criteria, such as user satisfaction or quality. The definition of e. business quality introduced in this article reflects the practical implications. This information could be used in order to develop e. business in more effective way. Originality/Value – e. business is becoming an integral part of a traditional business. For the development of e . businesses, companies can reach potential customers worldwide. In order to create a long-term competitive advantage, e. business must focus on quality, but there are no definition of e. business quality. Also, there are no clear difference between e. business value and e. business quality. In this article there will be

  1. eBusiness Maturity and Regional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beynon-Davies, P.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the experience of a major research centre supporting knowledge transfer in the area of eCommerce to SMEs. It debates with issues surrounding the integration of academic research with practical support to the SME community. For this purpose the use of an eBusiness framework as a platform for eBusiness maturity assessment is proposed. These devices are seen as key to the work of research centres such as ours in addressing the future challenges for smeeBusiness.

  2. Basic semantic architecture of interoperability for the intelligent distribution in the CFE electrical system; Arquitectura base de interoperabilidad semantica para el sistema electrico de distribucion inteligente en la CFE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa Reza, Alfredo; Garcia Mendoza, Raul; Borja Diaz, Jesus Fidel; Sierra Rodriguez, Benjamin [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2010-07-01

    The physical and logical architecture of the interoperability platform defined for the distribution management systems (DMS), of the Distribution Subdivision of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in Mexico is presented. The adopted architecture includes the definition of a technological platform to manage the exchange of information between systems and applications, sustained in the Model of Common Information (CIM), established in norms IEC61968 and IEC 61970. The architecture based on SSOA (Semantic Services Oriented Architecture), on EIB (Enterprise Integration Bus) and on GID (Generic Interface Definition) is presented, as well as the sequence to obtain the interoperability of systems related to the Distribution Management of the of electrical energy in Mexico. Of equal way it is described the process to establish a Semantic Model of the Electrical System of Distribution (SED) and the creation of instances CIM/XML, oriented to the interoperability of the information systems in the DMS scope, by means of the interchange of messages conformed and validated according to the structure obtained and agreed to the rules established by Model CIM. In this way, the messages and the information interchanged among systems, assure the compatibility and correct interpretation in an independent way to the developer, mark or manufacturer of the system source and destiny. The primary target is to establish the infrastructure semantic base of interoperability, cradle in standards that sustain the strategic definition of an Electrical System of Intelligent Distribution (SEDI) in Mexico. [Spanish] Se presenta la arquitectura fisica y logica de la plataforma de interoperabilidad definida para los sistemas de gestion de la distribucion (DMS por sus siglas en ingles), de la Subdireccion de Distribucion de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) en Mexico. La arquitectura adoptada incluye la definicion de una plataforma tecnologica para gestionar el intercambio de informacion

  3. Knowledge Organization Tools and the Method System of Their Semantic Interoperability%知识组织的工具及其语义互操作方法体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景侠

    2013-01-01

      Under the Web environment, the tools of knowledge organization are mainly al kinds of knowledge organization system (KOS), and interoperability of KOS has been the hot problem between the researches and applications. Based on the analysis of knowledge organization tools, the paper mainly discusses the method of Semantic Interoperability among traditional knowledge organization tools and modern knowledge organization tools represented by ontology, in order to provide reference to various types of information agencies digital resource integrating, resource sharing and knowledge services.%  网络环境下,知识组织所用的工具主要是各类知识组织系统,同时知识组织系统之间的互操作已成为知识组织研究和应用中的热点问题。文章在分析知识组织工具的基础上重点阐述了传统知识组织工具以及本体为代表的现代知识组织工具的语义互操作方法,以期为图书馆等信息机构在进行数字资源整合、资源共享和知识服务时提供参考。

  4. Organizational Requirements in E-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Choenni, R.S.; van Leijen, H.; Bakker, R

    The integration of e-business processes with other traditional organizational processes is an important factor to serve customers effectively. Organizations must be flexible enough to cooperate with their partners. The article focuses on the two most important organizational requirements for

  5. E-Business: The Business Officer's Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Mark A.

    2001-01-01

    Contends e-business is particularly the domain of college and university business officers, with today's officers facing an unprecedented opportunity to exercise a critical leadership role in the deployment of advanced information technology solutions on campus. Describes relevant issues and advances, and presents ten initiatives that business…

  6. Pengembangan Model e-Business di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mohammad Subekti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Problems in building e-business is the number of influential factors that really should be considered in the design, especially from the aspect of a relatively bad infrastructure in Indonesia. By doing appropriate design, it can at least reduce the impact due to various shortcomings that exist, it is intended that the users are able to surf comfortably and safely in a business website in cyberspace. In managing e-Business, there are business models that can be done by the businessman in the virtual world, but the e-Business models vary according to the character and culture of each region. What e-Business models are suitable to be applied in Indonesia, according to the character and culture of Indonesia, as well as the ability of the existing infrastructure will be described in this article. One solution is the utilization of social networking that is widely used, even though there are positive and negative sides of it. Then, what kinds of advantages are gained, in both for managing the site and as well as benefits for the customers.

  7. Business Models For Transport eBusiness

    OpenAIRE

    Dragan Cisic; Ivan Franciskovic; Ana Peric

    2003-01-01

    In this paper authors are presenting expectations from electronic commerce and its connotations on transport logistics. Based on trends, the relations between the companies in the international transport have to be strengthened using Internet business models. In the paper authors are investigating e-business information models for usage in transport

  8. Opportunities and threats of e-business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanković Olivera

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Is Internet a real need of today or it is inevitable consequence of technology advance. Business people, customers, scientists, talk about different internet possibilities. Is WWW useful only for information exchange or it has some negative aspects. Is E-business result of globalization or it has been created along with changes in environment.

  9. A Semantically Automated Protocol Adapter for Mapping SOAP Web Services to RESTful HTTP Format to Enable the Web Infrastructure, Enhance Web Service Interoperability and Ease Web Service Migration

    OpenAIRE

    Frank Doheny; Paul Jacob; Maria Maleshkova; Owen Molloy; Robert Stewart; Sean Kennedy

    2012-01-01

    Semantic Web Services (SWS) are Web Service (WS) descriptions augmented with semantic information. SWS enable intelligent reasoning and automation in areas such as service discovery, composition, mediation, ranking and invocation. This paper applies SWS to a previous protocol adapter which, operating within clearly defined constraints, maps SOAP Web Services to RESTful HTTP format. However, in the previous adapter, the configuration element is manual and the latency implications are locally b...

  10. Electronical Health Record's Systems. Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Angela Apostol

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available #Understanding the importance that the electronic medical health records system has, with its various structural types and grades, has led to the elaboration of a series of standards and quality control methods, meant to control its functioning. In time, the electronic health records system has evolved along with the medical data’s change of structure. Romania has not yet managed to fully clarify this concept, various definitions still being encountered, such as “Patient’s electronic chart”, “Electronic health file”. A slow change from functional interoperability (OSI level 6 to semantic interoperability (level 7 is being aimed at the moment. This current article will try to present the main electronic files models, from a functional interoperability system’s possibility to be created perspective.

  11. Benchmarking semantic web technology

    CERN Document Server

    García-Castro, R

    2009-01-01

    This book addresses the problem of benchmarking Semantic Web Technologies; first, from a methodological point of view, proposing a general methodology to follow in benchmarking activities over Semantic Web Technologies and, second, from a practical point of view, presenting two international benchmarking activities that involved benchmarking the interoperability of Semantic Web technologies using RDF(S) as the interchange language in one activity and OWL in the other.The book presents in detail how the different resources needed for these interoperability benchmarking activities were defined:

  12. A Semantically Automated Protocol Adapter for Mapping SOAP Web Services to RESTful HTTP Format to Enable the Web Infrastructure, Enhance Web Service Interoperability and Ease Web Service Migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Doheny

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Semantic Web Services (SWS are Web Service (WS descriptions augmented with semantic information. SWS enable intelligent reasoning and automation in areas such as service discovery, composition, mediation, ranking and invocation. This paper applies SWS to a previous protocol adapter which, operating within clearly defined constraints, maps SOAP Web Services to RESTful HTTP format. However, in the previous adapter, the configuration element is manual and the latency implications are locally based. This paper applies SWS technologies to automate the configuration element and the latency tests are conducted in a more realistic Internet based setting.

  13. Demand sensing in e-business

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Ravikumar; Atul Saroop; H K Narahari; Pankaj Dayama

    2005-04-01

    In this paper, we identify various models from the optimization and econometrics literature that can potentially help sense customer demand in the e-business era. While modelling reality is a difficult task, many of these models come close to modelling the customer’s decision-making process. We provide a brief overview of these techniques, interspersing the discussion occasionally with a tutorial introduction of the underlying concepts.

  14. E-Business in Supply Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Claudia-Maria; Sweeney, Edward

    2010-01-01

    E-business is concerned with the use of the Internet to link companies with their suppliers, customers and other trading partners. As a business concept, it has evolved significantly since its introduction in the 1990’s in parallel with the rapid rate of development of information technology (IT) during this period.Supply chain management (SCM) is fundamentally concerned with integration of activities both withand between organisations. IT plays a crucial role in SCM as a key enabler of suppl...

  15. Oil refinery industry and E-business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    With an expansion of infrastructure and rapid increase of internet use due to the development of information and telecommunication technology, the world is reorganizing to a unlimited competition era without boundaries. In this study, it examines a change of economic paradigm and E-business. Moreover it studies on a paradigm of e-commerce and our reactions and it discusses a revision of law, expansion of infrastructure and activating plans for e-commerce.

  16. SURVEY ON E-BUSINESS MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.S.SALEEM BASHA,

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the turbulence of internet and e-business, company can only survey with the periodical reinventing their ebusiness models, because business model of a firm can only capture the snap shot of the current value chain. This snap shot cannot survive longer with their competitors. Companies must decide how and when to implement e-business model. The choice should be based on an overall assessment that includes an evaluation of costs and benefits and well-defined goals that are dependent on whether the decision was based on businessor strategic criteria. In this paper we surveyed the e-business model of various authors. Dell, Cisco and Bata are the three revolutionary new business models of business to business e-commerce models that have come out for the successful business. However, these models are not appropriate for every organization. In addition to these new paradigms for individual firms, other changes in business-to-business e-commerce are occurring that are revolutionizing the traditional paradigms.

  17. Success factors affecting E-business:case Taobao

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    E-business has aroused great concern and become a hot topic in both information technology and business field. With many companies’ success in doing e-business, there are also abundant of failure cases. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the success factors that can affect e-business so as to provide beneficial guidance to companies. Virtually, many researchers have also studied e-business relating to its success from different perspectives and in various areas. However, ...

  18. Management support to e-business initiatives: The Croatian experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Spremić

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available After defining e-business and explaining why an evolutionary aspect of moving to e-business is required, the dimensions of e-business is defined with respect to differences between traditional business, partial, or pure e-business. Also, a model for moving to e-business is illustrated. The e-business evolving model is divided into six stages and represents an evolutionary aspect of migrating to e-business. Finally, the results of the research study on current practices in evolving e-business in the most successful Croatian companies are given. In this research, some aspects of business process innovation and e-business usage have been investigated (general e-business issues with levels of e-business usage, key objectives of participating in e-business, alignment of business strategy with e-business initiatives, initiation of e-business projects and e-business planning issues, especially e-business funding. The questionnaire was sent to 400 CEOs or CIOs in Croatian companies selected from the Register of the ‘400 Biggest’ Croatian companies which were ranked according to their 2001 annual revenue and which were most likely to represent the structure of the Croatian economy. Although they represent less than 1% of the total number of registered companies in Croatia, the sampled companies hold 73% of the equity capital of the whole Croatian economy, they contribute with 65% in the total Croatian economy’s export balance and they employ 37% of the total number of people employed in Croatia.

  19. eBusiness in Pakistan: Opportunities and Threats

    OpenAIRE

    Ghulam Muhammad Kundi; Bahadar Shah

    2007-01-01

    Several studies of eBusiness in developing countries have emphasized the influence of obstacles related to PCs-penetration, cultural and economical infrastructure, and regulatory environment as major determinants of eBusiness success. IT has revolutionized the way organizations conduct business round the globe. Now business is conducted online (eBusiness) instead of conventional means. In Pakistan, eBusiness is facing both technical and non-technical issues from m...

  20. A Framework for Achieving e-Business Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, U.; Maheshwari, M.; Kumar, V.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of an empirical study of critical factors associated with e-business success. An a priori model relating the success factors to e-business success is developed. The study uses the "balanced scorecard" methodology to measure the success of e-business organizations, as the authors believe that financial measures are…

  1. Incorporating the knowledge management cycle in e-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O, Y.L.; Gordijn, Jaap; Akkermans, Hans

    2001-01-01

    In e-business, knowledge can be extracted from the recorded information by intelligent data analysis and then utilised in the business transaction. E-knowledge is a foundation for e-business. E-business can be supported by an intelligent information system that provides intelligent business process

  2. A Framework for Achieving e-Business Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, U.; Maheshwari, M.; Kumar, V.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of an empirical study of critical factors associated with e-business success. An a priori model relating the success factors to e-business success is developed. The study uses the "balanced scorecard" methodology to measure the success of e-business organizations, as the authors believe that financial measures are…

  3. Incorporating the knowledge management cycle in e-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O, Ying-Lie; Gordijn, Jaap; Akkermans, Hans

    2001-01-01

    In e-business, knowledge can be extracted from the recorded information by intelligent data analysis and then utilised in the business transaction. E-knowledge is a foundation for e-business. E-business can be supported by an intelligent information system that provides intelligent business process

  4. Explaining e-business adoption - Innovation & entrepreneurship in Dutch SMEs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Veen, M.

    2005-01-01

    Explaining e-business adoptionThis dissertation deals with the explanation of e-business adoption in Dutch small and medium sized enterprises. The adoption of e-business plays an important part in making existing business more efficient and effective. Moreover, it is a tool for business development

  5. e-Business Innovation: The Next Decade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marca, David A.

    Innovation is invention or application of technologies or theories that radically alters business and the economy. For many years, innovation and the economy have been locked in 80-year cycles, which might imply that innovation is an economic driver, and vice versa. Based on this, some forecast that innovation and the economy might decrease sharply due to several forces: a) decreasing economic growth, b) increasing demand for custom services, c) more entrepreneurial work environments, and d) urban and environmental degradation. Should such forecasts hold true, business may need to alter its offerings, operations and organization to survive. Such a scenario may also require applied e-Business innovation by combining existing internet, wireless, broadband, and video technologies. One possible result: flexible front offices integrated with efficient back offices. Such an e-Business could comprise: a) a customer-based and transaction-based organization, b) functions for adaptive offerings that anticipate need, c) highly responsive, real-time, operations having no inventory, and d) value-based front-end, and automated back-end, decision making.

  6. Turning Interoperability Operational with GST

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaeben, Helmut; Gabriel, Paul; Gietzel, Jan; Le, Hai Ha

    2013-04-01

    GST - Geosciences in space and time is being developed and implemented as hub to facilitate the exchange of spatially and temporally indexed multi-dimensional geoscience data and corresponding geomodels amongst partners. It originates from TUBAF's contribution to the EU project "ProMine" and its perspective extensions are TUBAF's contribution to the actual EU project "GeoMol". As of today, it provides basic components of a geodata infrastructure as required to establish interoperability with respect to geosciences. Generally, interoperability means the facilitation of cross-border and cross-sector information exchange, taking into account legal, organisational, semantic and technical aspects, cf. Interoperability Solutions for European Public Administrations (ISA), cf. http://ec.europa.eu/isa/. Practical interoperability for partners of a joint geoscience project, say European Geological Surveys acting in a border region, means in particular provision of IT technology to exchange spatially and maybe additionally temporally indexed multi-dimensional geoscience data and corresponding models, i.e. the objects composing geomodels capturing the geometry, topology, and various geoscience contents. Geodata Infrastructure (GDI) and interoperability are objectives of several inititatives, e.g. INSPIRE, OneGeology-Europe, and most recently EGDI-SCOPE to name just the most prominent ones. Then there are quite a few markup languages (ML) related to geographical or geological information like GeoSciML, EarthResourceML, BoreholeML, ResqML for reservoir characterization, earth and reservoir models, and many others featuring geoscience information. Several Web Services are focused on geographical or geoscience information. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) promotes specifications of a Web Feature Service (WFS), a Web Map Service (WMS), a Web Coverage Serverice (WCS), a Web 3D Service (W3DS), and many more. It will be clarified how GST is related to these initiatives, especially

  7. Clinical data interoperability based on archetype transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Catalina Martínez; Menárguez-Tortosa, Marcos; Fernández-Breis, Jesualdo Tomás

    2011-10-01

    The semantic interoperability between health information systems is a major challenge to improve the quality of clinical practice and patient safety. In recent years many projects have faced this problem and provided solutions based on specific standards and technologies in order to satisfy the needs of a particular scenario. Most of such solutions cannot be easily adapted to new scenarios, thus more global solutions are needed. In this work, we have focused on the semantic interoperability of electronic healthcare records standards based on the dual model architecture and we have developed a solution that has been applied to ISO 13606 and openEHR. The technological infrastructure combines reference models, archetypes and ontologies, with the support of Model-driven Engineering techniques. For this purpose, the interoperability infrastructure developed in previous work by our group has been reused and extended to cover the requirements of data transformation.

  8. Data Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasquale Pagano

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the context of scientific investigations, data have acquired an ever growing leading role while their large scale, cross-community and cross-domain sharing have concurred to identify new investigation paradigms (Hey, Tansley, & Tolle, 2009. Unfortunately, data interoperability – a mandatory prerequisite for achieving the above scenarios – is still a difficult open research challenge. Both the “data” and “interoperability” concepts are difficult to be fully perceived and actually lead to different perceptions in diverse communities. This problem is further amplified when considered in the context of (global research data infrastructures that are expected to serve a plethora of communities of practice (Lave & Wenger, 1991 potentially involved in very diverse application scenarios, each characterised by a specific sharing problem.

  9. Interoperable Multimedia Annotation and Retrieval for the Tourism Sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chatzitoulousis, Antonios; Efraimidis, Pavlos S.; Athanasiadis, I.N.

    2015-01-01

    The Atlas Metadata System (AMS) employs semantic web annotation techniques in order to create an interoperable information annotation and retrieval platform for the tourism sector. AMS adopts state-of-the-art metadata vocabularies, annotation techniques and semantic web technologies. Interoperabilit

  10. Incorporating the knowledge management cycle in e-business

    OpenAIRE

    O, Ying-Lie; Gordijn, Jaap; Akkermans, Hans

    2001-01-01

    In e-business, knowledge can be extracted from the recorded information by intelligent data analysis and then utilised in the business transaction. E-knowledge is a foundation for e-business. E-business can be supported by an intelligent information system that provides intelligent business process support and advanced support of the e-knowledge management cycle. Knowledge is stored as knowledge models that can be updated in the e-knowledge management cycle. As illustrated in examples, the e-...

  11. An Exploratory Study of E-Business Success Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jingting; HUANG Jinghua

    2004-01-01

    E-business success factors are important for traditional enterprises to implement e-business. This topic is attracting more and more researchers to study. This paper makes an exploratory study on the factors influencing e-business success. Firstly, based on the literature review, 52 factors are suggested. Secondly, two rounds of survey with Delphi method are conducted. Qualitative and quantitative analysis are used to identify 57factors. This is the foundation of empirical study.

  12. A Survey on Interoperability in the Cloud Computing Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahman Rashidi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the recent years, Cloud Computing has been one of the top ten new technologies which provides various services such as software, platform and infrastructure for internet users. The Cloud Computing is a promising IT paradigm which enables the Internet evolution into a global market of collaborating services. In order to provide better services for cloud customers, cloud providers need services that are in cooperation with other services. Therefore, Cloud Computing semantic interoperability plays a key role in Cloud Computing services. In this paper, we address interoperability issues in Cloud Computing environments. After a description of Cloud Computing interoperability from different aspects and references, we describe two architectures of cloud service interoperability. Architecturally, we classify existing interoperability challenges and we describe them. Moreover, we use these aspects to discuss and compare several interoperability approaches.

  13. Brief Analysis of E-business in China Southern Airlines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘航; 崔涛; 焦斌

    2007-01-01

    The rapid growth of internet is causing another industrial revolution. Developing E-business is necessary for Chinese airlines to keep their competitive advantages. It is quite urgent for China Southern Airlines to enlarge and improve its E-business strategies so that it can consolidate its leading position in this market segment.

  14. Special Issue: Building Your Career Development e-Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Nine articles in this issue discuss how to develop a career development e-business, how e-business has expanded, creating a successful Web presence, doing business on the Internet, and how to take control of your career and future. (JOW)

  15. E-Business Developmental Issues in the Australian Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohini Singh

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses e-business developmental issues in the Australian Food industry that were identified from a research project funded by the Australian Research Council. Data was gathered from interviews with 11 food organisations in the year 2000, most of which can be classified as ‘bricks and clicks’. These 11 companies were traditional businesses that had adopted e-business as a new way of doing business. The findings of the paper highlight the fact that the B2B is the predominant e-business model in the Australian Food Industry, EDI is an important foundation technology platform for developing B2B e-business, e-procurement was an important reason for adopting B2B e-business and improved supply chain management was the most important achievement from E-Business for these organizations. It also highlighted the fact e-business developed in-house with an IT department managed e-business sites better than those that outsourced the development.

  16. E-Business Initiatives in Indonesian Manufacturing SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singgih Saptadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of information technology (IT in improving companies’ competitiveness, including small and medium enterprises (SMEs, has been widely accepted. But, the IT investment will be in vain, if SMEs do not align their business and IT. There is a need to develop a framework of business-IT alignment. The framework development requires an understanding of the patterns of IT implementation in supporting SMEs’ business (e-business initiatives. This paper presents an empirical study on e-business initiatives in Indonesian manufacturing SMEs. The study uses 41 business processes that are grouped into three business focuses: supplier side, internal side and customer side. Based on the complexity of IT support to business processes, supplier side score, internal side score, customer side score and global score can be calculated. These scores are used to develop e-business initiative groups by using cluster analysis. After validated using discriminant analysis, the cluster analysis gives five e-business initiatives. First initiative is e-business implementation in three sides of business focuses, although in the early stage. Second initiative is IT implementation with internal side focus. Third initiative is e-business with customer side focus. The fourth is initiative that focuses on internal and customer side. The last is e-business initiative that balances and extends IT implementation on the three sides of business focuses. Then, this paper explains the differences between e-business initiatives.

  17. The economic benefits of health information exchange interoperability for Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprivulis, Peter; Walker, Jan; Johnston, Douglas; Pan, Eric; Adler-Milstein, Julia; Middleton, Blackford; Bates, David W

    2007-11-01

    To estimate costs and benefits for Australia of implementing health information exchange interoperability among health care providers and other health care stakeholders. A cost-benefit model considering four levels of interoperability (Level 1, paper based; Level 2, machine transportable; Level 3, machine readable; and Level 4, machine interpretable) was developed for Government-funded health services, then validated by expert review. Roll-out costs for Level 3 and Level 4 interoperability were projected to be $21.5 billion and $14.2 billion, respectively, and steady-state costs, $1470 million and $933 million per annum, respectively. Level 3 interoperability would achieve steady-state savings of $1820 million, and Level 4 interoperability, $2990 million, comprising transactions of: laboratory $1180 million (39%); other providers, $893 million (30%); imaging centre, $680 million (23%); pharmacy, $213 million (7%) and public health, $27 million (1%). Net steady-state Level 4 benefits are projected to be $2050 million: $1710 million more than Level 3 benefits of $348 million, reflecting reduced interface costs for Level 4 interoperability due to standardisation of the semantic content of Level 4 messages. Benefits to both providers and society will accrue from the implementation of interoperability. Standards are needed for the semantic content of clinical messages, in addition to message exchange standards, for the full benefits of interoperability to be realised. An Australian Government policy position supporting such standards is recommended.

  18. A Framework of Semantic Information Representation in Distributed Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    An information representation framework is designed to overcome the problem of semantic heterogeneity in distributed environments in this paper. Emphasis is placed on establishing an XML-oriented semantic data model and the mapping between XML data based on a global ontology semantic view. The framework is implemented in Web Service, which enhances information process efficiency, accuracy and the semantic interoperability as well.

  19. Information Security Audit in e-business applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Electronic business (e-business are different than other business because it involves any commercial or business activity that takes place by means of electronic facilities (buy and selling online, including on the Internet, proprietary networks and home banking, instead of through direct physical exchange or contact. This system creates an environment that operates at a much greater speed than traditional methods and involves much less paper–based evidence of activities. These e-business related risks should not be considered in isolation but rather as part of the overall internal control framework of an entity. It is essential to identify and assess the risks associated with an e-business environment and management should develop an e-business strategy that identifies and addresses risks. The e-business Information Systems (IS audit is a critical component of the e-business plan. This paper tries to present a risk analysis for e-business applications in order to establish the IS audit particularities in this field.

  20. eBusiness in Pakistan: Opportunities and Threats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Muhammad Kundi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Several studies of eBusiness in developing countries have emphasized the influence of obstacles related to PCs-penetration, cultural and economical infrastructure, and regulatory environment as major determinants of eBusiness success. IT has revolutionized the way organizations conduct business round the globe. Now business is conducted online (eBusiness instead of conventional means. In Pakistan, eBusiness is facing both technical and non-technical issues from management perspectives. A huge body of research is going on to unfold the key issues of eBusiness. This paper focuses on the key components of each of the above ment ioned issues e.g. cultural issues i.e. language, shopping habits, and use of credit etc. The primary data collected through structured questionnaires was analyzed and tested through correlation, regressions’ analysis and t-test. It has been found that all independent variables: economic, political, business, cultural and marketing is mutually correlated and has significant impact on shaping and reshaping of eBusiness in Pakistan. Moreover, management implications along with possible solutions to the barriers of eBusiness in Pakistan are presented.

  1. E-business: over digitale zelfbediening en organisaties in transitie

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Tekst oratie in verkorte vorm uitgesproken bij de openbare aanvaarding van het ambt van bijzonder hoogleraar E-business, vanwege Hogeschool Utrecht, aan de Open Universiteit. In dit stuk worden de verbanden tussen businessmodellen , procesmodellen en Informatiearchitectuur behandeld.

  2. JIM CORGEL GM, e-business Hosting Services, IBMGlobal Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANKOT

    2004-01-01

    To many Chinese enterprises, e-business hosting services - IT resource consolidation and automation - are still a relatively new concept. The general concern is one related to the security of data as companies outsource the manage-ment of their IT environment. Jim Corgel,general manager of IBM Global Services'e-business hosting services, admits that it takes education to convince the potential users of the value of hosting services. Here he shares his thoughts on this latest innovation with CIB.

  3. CUSTOMER AND CONSUMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT TOWARDS E-BUSINESS STRATEGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. K.Kala

    2017-01-01

    E-Commerce is an emerging technology for purchasing and selling of products through electronically. It is the commercial transaction which involves transfer of information over the internet. It changes the way to do business. With advancements in technology, there may be a chance to change. Customer Relationship Management and Consumer Relationship management play an essential role with E-Business. The focusing scenarios are facing many pros and cons by E-Business. This Paper makes an attempt...

  4. Information Security Audit in e-business applications

    OpenAIRE

    Floarea NASTASE; Pavel NASTASE; Sova, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Electronic business (e-business) are different than other business because it involves any commercial or business activity that takes place by means of electronic facilities (buy and selling online), including on the Internet, proprietary networks and home banking, instead of through direct physical exchange or contact. This system creates an environment that operates at a much greater speed than traditional methods and involves much less paper–based evidence of activities. These e-business...

  5. Penilaian Pemanfaatan Teknologi E-Business pada Industri UMKM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noerlina Noerlina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Contribution of MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises in the economy is significant enough. It indicates the importance of support for MSMEs to maintain and double the capacity their businesses. In conducting its business, 76% of respondents already use the Internet (e-business but still not optimally becausethe average does not have a website as a forum for the promotion and selling activity. Total mean score of 4.2 in adoption of innovations indicates that it has been realized, done, evaluated and adopted as a whole. Therefore, it is necessary to perform an assessment on what extent of e-business application that has been done by reviewing the readiness of MSME industries and the aspects of the utilization of information and communication technology (ICT by MSMEs particularly of those located in Jabodetabek. The purpose of this assessment is to get an overview, status and position of the support of implementation of e-business owned and how the adoption process of e-business application can run in Jabodetabek. With the assessment of e-business technology use, we expect the planning, implementation and control of programs as well as the implementation of e-business can be conducted more directedly and controlled.

  6. Semantic interoperability for collaborative spatial design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofman, W.

    2009-01-01

    Mobile devices offer integrated functionality to browse, phone, play music, and watch video. Moreover, these devices have sufficient memory and processing power to run (small) applications based on for instance Google Android and the iPhone/iPod OS. As such, they support for instance Google Earth to

  7. Matchmaking Semantic Based for Information System Interoperability

    CERN Document Server

    Wicaksana, I Wayan Simri

    2011-01-01

    Unlike the traditional model of information pull, matchmaking is base on a cooperative partnership between information providers and consumers, assisted by an intelligent facilitator (the matchmaker). Refer to some experiments, the matchmaking to be most useful in two different ways: locating information sources or services that appear dynamically and notification of information changes. Effective information and services sharing in distributed such as P2P based environments raises many challenges, including discovery and localization of resources, exchange over heterogeneous sources, and query processing. One traditional approach for dealing with some of the above challenges is to create unified integrated schemas or services to combine the heterogeneous sources. This approach does not scale well when applied in dynamic distributed environments and has many drawbacks related to the large numbers of sources. The main issues in matchmaking are how to represent advertising and request, and how to calculate poss...

  8. Intelligent interoperable application for employment exchange system using ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kavidha Ayechetty

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Semantic web technologies have the potential to simplify heterogeneous data integration using explicit semantics. The paper proposes a framework for building intelligent interoperable application for employment exchange system by collaborating among distributed heterogeneous data models using semantic web technologies. The objective of the application development using semantic technologies is to provide a better inference for the query against dynamic collection of information in collaborating data models. The employment exchange system provides interface for the users to register their details thereby managing the knowledge base dynamically. Semantic server transforms the queries from the employer and jobseeker semantically for possible integration of the two heterogeneous data models to drive intelligent inference. The semantic agent reconcile the syntax and semantic conflicts exists among the contributing ontologies in different granularity levels and performs automatic integration of two source ontologies and gives better response to the user. The benefits of building interoperable application using semantic web are data sharing, reusing the knowledge, best query response, independent maintenance of the model, extending the application for extra features.

  9. INTEGRATION OF E-BUSINESS WITH ERP SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Pramod Kumar

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available It is very important for the businesses in our country to understand the concepts and terms of e-business and to start applying them. In the 1990's, ERP systems were introduced to fulfill some of the technological requirements across functional areas within a corporate boundary. Moreover, with the exponential growth of Internet technology and the emergence of e-business, the focus of ERP systems has changed from an integrated functional focus within an organization to one reaching outside the organization throughout the value chain system. It is expected that an ERP system can facilitate an e-business effort of an organization. In order to serve as a platform for e-business, an ERP system must also be able to be extended to support a range of external constituents for a firm. The process must involve an investigation of ERP technological factors along with any other emerging Enterprise Systems solution of the firm. This article offer a short but concise perspective about ERP systems used today in e-business all over the world.

  10. Semantic Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheth, A.; Henson, C.; Thirunarayan, K.

    2008-12-01

    Sensors are distributed across the globe leading to an avalanche of data about our environment. It is possible today to utilize networks of sensors to detect and identify a multitude of observations, from simple phenomena to complex events and situations. The lack of integration and communication between these networks, however, often isolates important data streams and intensifies the existing problem of too much data and not enough knowledge. With a view to addressing this problem, the Semantic Sensor Web (SSW) [1] proposes that sensor data be annotated with semantic metadata that will both increase interoperability and provide contextual information essential for situational knowledge. Kno.e.sis Center's approach to SSW is an evolutionary one. It adds semantic annotations to the existing standard sensor languages of the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) defined by OGC. These annotations enhance primarily syntactic XML-based descriptions in OGC's SWE languages with microformats, and W3C's Semantic Web languages- RDF and OWL. In association with semantic annotation and semantic web capabilities including ontologies and rules, SSW supports interoperability, analysis and reasoning over heterogeneous multi-modal sensor data. In this presentation, we will also demonstrate a mashup with support for complex spatio-temporal-thematic queries [2] and semantic analysis that utilize semantic annotations, multiple ontologies and rules. It uses existing services (e.g., GoogleMap) and semantics enhanced SWE's Sensor Observation Service (SOS) over weather and road condition data from various sensors that are part of Ohio's transportation network. Our upcoming plans are to demonstrate end to end (heterogeneous sensor to application) semantics support and study scalability of SSW involving thousands of sensors to about a billion triples. Keywords: Semantic Sensor Web, Spatiotemporal thematic queries, Semantic Web Enablement, Sensor Observation Service [1] Amit Sheth, Cory Henson, Satya

  11. Study of Tools Interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krilavičius, T.

    2007-01-01

    Interoperability of tools usually refers to a combination of methods and techniques that address the problem of making a collection of tools to work together. In this study we survey different notions that are used in this context: interoperability, interaction and integration. We point out relation

  12. Information Interoperability Domains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lasschuyt, E.

    2004-01-01

    Coalition-wide interoperability can be improved considerably by better harmonisation of all major information standardisation efforts within NATO. This notion is supported by the concept of dividing the NATO C3 information area into more or less independent “information interoperability domains”, co

  13. A Study on Integrating Business Intelligence into E-Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sim Sheng Hooi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With the high speed of development in the information technology area, many organizations use the Internet in their businesses instead of traditional "brick and mortar" physical stores. With the rapid spread of the Internet, people can access the web easily anywhere and anytime without barriers of time or space. However, a lot of data collected from global and local e-businesses is complex and unstructured and thus of limited use. Business intelligence tools could be used to extract accurate and useful information about future forecasts, business patterns, and business decision making. This paper provides a high level view of business intelligence and its benefits in e-business. Methods of adopting business intelligence are studied and examples of current market business intelligence tools are given in order to give a better idea of business intelligence usage in e-business.

  14. Intelligent Model for Measuring Organization Maturity in E-Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadra Ahmadi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available E-Business is one of the most fascinating areas of information Technology. Managers should seek out means for making decision towards optimizing resource development in this area in order to control their expense and capital allocations at a higher, strategic level. To do this, manager must first identify their level of e-business development and plan to improve the status quo by identifying factors contributing to the growth in this approach. The present paper aims to construct and develop intelligent models for determining the organization status quo and management decision-making towards improving the situation using fuzzy [logic] tools. Thus for modeling these factors and their impact, the contributing factors in development of e-business approaches were identified by literature survey. These were later categorized using Delphi Method. Furthermore the FCM model was used to graphically illustrate the causal relationships among factors, including the mode and means of their mutual impact.

  15. Quality model for semantic IS standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Semantic IS (Information Systems) standards are essential for achieving interoperability between organizations. However a recent survey suggests that not the full benefits of standards are achieved, due to the quality issues. This paper presents a quality model for semantic IS standards, that should

  16. Influence of User Experience on Successfulness of E-Business

    OpenAIRE

    Roman Broz; Viktorija Sulcic

    2009-01-01

    E-business is becoming an ever more important part of modern economy in respect of its wide use as well as its extent. Technology by itself is not sufficient for success, its implementation and content are even more important. That is the subject of the user experience studies. This work discusses successfulness of e-business with regard to user experience in its use. As a research method an internet survey has been used. Data analysis results show that preceding experience importantly influe...

  17. The value chain and e-business in exporting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinson, Robert

    2010-01-01

    that could be most strategically leveraged using e-business are customer service, sales and marketing, operations, logistics and procurement, in that order. Originality/value: The study is one of a few studies that aim to build on the existing value chain theories in relation to e-business. This study...... focused on an emerging economy context. Practical implications: Developing economy export firms looking to develop capabilities and better leverage their e-resources to build competitive advantage should focus on building their customer service and marketing competencies first....

  18. A Semantic Web-based System for Managing Clinical Archetypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Breis, Jesualdo Tomas; Menarguez-Tortosa, Marcos; Martinez-Costa, Catalina; Fernandez-Breis, Eneko; Herrero-Sempere, Jose; Moner, David; Sanchez, Jesus; Valencia-Garcia, Rafael; Robles, Montserrat

    2008-01-01

    Archetypes facilitate the sharing of clinical knowledge and therefore are a basic tool for achieving interoperability between healthcare information systems. In this paper, a Semantic Web System for Managing Archetypes is presented. This system allows for the semantic annotation of archetypes, as well for performing semantic searches. The current system is capable of working with both ISO13606 and OpenEHR archetypes.

  19. No Downturn Here: Tracking E-Business Programs in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fusilier, Marcelline; Durlabhji, Subhash

    2003-01-01

    As the fortunes of e-businesses fluctuate, what is the state of e-business educational offerings? The present study attempted to explore this question by investigating the number and nature of e-business programs available in colleges and universities. Results were compared to previously published findings on e-business education. Data were…

  20. The MADE reference information model for interoperable pervasive telemedicine systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fung, N.L.S.; Jones, V.M.; Hermens, H.J.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: The main objective is to develop and validate a reference information model (RIM) to support semantic interoperability of pervasive telemedicine systems. The RIM is one component within a larger, computer-interpretable "MADE language" developed by the authors in the context of the MobiGu

  1. Focus for 3D city models should be on interoperability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bodum, Lars; Kjems, Erik; Jaegly, Marie Michele Helena

    2006-01-01

    3D city models have become a very popular commodity for cities in general. The politicians and/or the administrative management have in the last few years been very active when it comes to investments in dimensionality, and the models come in many different forms and for many specific or non...... of interoperability. Verisimilarity would in this case mean a 3D model with close resemblance to reality and based on modelling principles from CAD and scenes from this, build with focus on photorealism. Interoperability would mean a 3D model that included semantics in form of an object model and an ontology...... that would make it useful for other purposes than visualisation. Time has come to try to change this trend and to convince the municipalities that interoperability and semantics are important issues for the future. It is important for them to see that 3D modelling, mapping and geographic information...

  2. Identifying E-Business Model:A Value Chain-Based Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Qingfeng; HUANG Lihua

    2004-01-01

    E-business will change the ways that all companies do business, and most traditional businesses will evolve from their current business model to a combination of place and space via e-business model To choose the proper e-business model becomes the important strategic concern for company to succeed The main objective of this paper is to investigate the analysis framework for identifying e-business model Based on the e-business process, from the value chain to the value net perspective. This paper provides a theoretical framework for identifying e-business models, and results in 11 e-business models. The strategic intend of every e-business model is discussed in the end of this paper. An enterprise e-business model design and implementation can be specified by the combination of one or more among 11 e-business models.

  3. E-business strategy: how to benefit from a hype

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoofd, van Floris P.C.; Stegwee, Robert A.

    2001-01-01

    A fundamental approach to setting up an e-business initiative is needed to fully utilise the capabilities of Internet technology in a specific business setting. Such an initiative has to build on the strengths of the organisation and take full advantage of the opportunities in the market, meanwhile

  4. New Forms of E-Business Based Value Creation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik

    on the usage of information and communication technologies and solutions. It is concluded that in spite of unfounded assumptions in important areas, there are also sane and reasonable elements in management theories on e-business implications, and that the technological and economic realities behind...

  5. E-business, e-health, e-hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, D; Schonfeld, P J

    2001-01-01

    Many of the major forces of change impacting health care today have technological underpinnings, and many of the less desirable impacts may have technological solutions. Two related technological forces are transacting business, online (e-business) and delivering health care online (e-health).

  6. The E-business Revolution and Human Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Provides an overview of the electronic business (e-business) revolution and suggests ways it will affect human performance improvement professionals. Highlights include customer reliance on the Web; use of the Internet and associated software to link employees, applications, and companies; information access and sharing; business-to-consumer and…

  7. Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu, L.

    2004-01-01

    "Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business" investigates the issues involved in the performance of econtract monitoring of business automations in business to business e-commerce environment. A pro-active monitoring contract model and monitoring mechanism have been designed and developed. A ne

  8. Knowledge Representation in the Context of E-business Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Elena Varlan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the theoretical principles of knowledge representation. The paper also tries to show how to represent knowledge in the context of e-business applications creating a
    tagging platform for economic knowledge using SKOS language.

  9. Jasmine2000 the Comprehemsive e-Business Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Fujitsu presents the next generation of infomation management software Solution for the e-Business era.Jasminne2000 based on the leading edge object database technology has the flexibility and robustness to operate successfully in a wide variety of business solution areas and promises to maximize business opportunities.Jasmine2000 technology has proven itself in the fields of Retail

  10. Groundwater data network interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodaric, Boyan; Booth, Nathaniel; Boisvert, Eric; Lucido, Jessica M.

    2016-01-01

    Water data networks are increasingly being integrated to answer complex scientific questions that often span large geographical areas and cross political borders. Data heterogeneity is a major obstacle that impedes interoperability within and between such networks. It is resolved here for groundwater data at five levels of interoperability, within a Spatial Data Infrastructure architecture. The result is a pair of distinct national groundwater data networks for the United States and Canada, and a combined data network in which they are interoperable. This combined data network enables, for the first time, transparent public access to harmonized groundwater data from both sides of the shared international border.

  11. Quality measurement of semantic standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Oude Luttighuis, P.H.W.M.; Hillegersberg, J. van

    2010-01-01

    Quality of semantic standards is unadressed in current research while there is an explicit need from standard developers. The business importance is evident since quality of standards will have impact on its diffusion and achieved interoperability in practice. An instrument to measure the quality of

  12. The Semantic SPASE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, S.; Crichton, D.; Thieman, J.; Ramirez, P.; King, T.; Weiss, M.

    2005-12-01

    The Semantic SPASE (Space Physics Archive Search and Extract) prototype demonstrates the use of semantic web technologies to capture, document, and manage the SPASE data model, support facet- and text-based search, and provide flexible and intuitive user interfaces. The SPASE data model, under development since late 2003 by a consortium of space physics domain experts, is intended to serve as the basis for interoperability between independent data systems. To develop the Semantic SPASE prototype, the data model was first analyzed to determine the inherit object classes and their attributes. These were entered into Stanford Medical Informatics' Protege ontology tool and annotated using definitions from the SPASE documentation. Further analysis of the data model resulted in the addition of class relationships. Finally attributes and relationships that support broad-scope interoperability were added from research associated with the Object-Oriented Data Technology task. To validate the ontology and produce a knowledge base, example data products were ingested. The capture of the data model as an ontology results in a more formal specification of the model. The Protege software is also a powerful management tool and supports plug-ins that produce several graphical notations as output. The stated purpose of the semantic web is to support machine understanding of web-based information. Protege provides an export capability to RDF/XML and RDFS/XML for this purpose. Several research efforts use RDF/XML knowledge bases to provide semantic search. MIT's Simile/Longwell project provides both facet- and text-based search using a suite of metadata browsers and the text-based search engine Lucene. Using the Protege generated RDF knowledge-base a semantic search application was easily built and deployed to run as a web application. Configuration files specify the object attributes and values to be designated as facets (i.e. search) constraints. Semantic web technologies provide

  13. Interoperability By Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ In the last article I wrote I discussed the requirements an engineering specification must meet to become a successful standard; and the role of specifications and standards in achieving interoperability.

  14. Fujitsu's E-Business Proposal --Overview of INTERSTAGE Software Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The explosive growth of the Internet has caused the new medium tostep past just being another means of communication, and has acted as a catalyst to cause radi cal changes to the nature of business. Amongst the changes, e-Business, which b r ings internet technology to all areas of work in enterprises, is especially acti ve. Many enterprises are showing strong interest the application server adapted internet technology, such as Web and Java, as the new platform for the next gene ration in enterprise computing environments. INTERSTAGE builds on the latest int ernet technology, and is a complete software platform centering on application s erver, which can support the various business applications required for e-Busin ess. In this document we cover the overview of features and functions of INTERSTAGE, and introduce Fujitsu's approach to e-Business through INTERSTAGE.

  15. Change of economic paradigm and E-business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Tae Chang [Korea Institute for Electronic Commerce, Seoul (Korea)

    2000-04-01

    With an expansion of infrastructure and rapid increase of internet use due to the development of information and telecommunication technology, the world is reorganizing to a unlimited competition era without boundaries. These changes, so called a digital revolution, give influence on the whole lifestyle over every sector and its ripple effect is massive. In this study, it examines a change of economic paradigm and E-business and it discusses on the reactions of business sector.

  16. Developing a business plan for a startup e-business

    OpenAIRE

    Vu, Khanh

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop an initial business plan for a startup fashion company that operates on the Internet in the Vietnamese market. To reach the target objective, the thesis first examines e-business from a theoretical perspective and considers its advantages and disadvantages. Secondly, the macro environment of the proposed business is analyzed, namely the country of Vietnam and its e-commerce environment. Finally, the outcome of the thesis is presented in the form of a b...

  17. Buildings Interoperability Landscape

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardin, Dave [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Stephan, Eric G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Wang, Weimin [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Corbin, Charles D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Widergren, Steven E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-12-31

    Through its Building Technologies Office (BTO), the United States Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE-EERE) is sponsoring an effort to advance interoperability for the integration of intelligent buildings equipment and automation systems, understanding the importance of integration frameworks and product ecosystems to this cause. This is important to BTO’s mission to enhance energy efficiency and save energy for economic and environmental purposes. For connected buildings ecosystems of products and services from various manufacturers to flourish, the ICT aspects of the equipment need to integrate and operate simply and reliably. Within the concepts of interoperability lie the specification, development, and certification of equipment with standards-based interfaces that connect and work. Beyond this, a healthy community of stakeholders that contribute to and use interoperability work products must be developed. On May 1, 2014, the DOE convened a technical meeting to take stock of the current state of interoperability of connected equipment and systems in buildings. Several insights from that meeting helped facilitate a draft description of the landscape of interoperability for connected buildings, which focuses mainly on small and medium commercial buildings. This document revises the February 2015 landscape document to address reviewer comments, incorporate important insights from the Buildings Interoperability Vision technical meeting, and capture thoughts from that meeting about the topics to be addressed in a buildings interoperability vision. In particular, greater attention is paid to the state of information modeling in buildings and the great potential for near-term benefits in this area from progress and community alignment.

  18. Semantic Observation Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Kuhn

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Although the integration of sensor-based information into analysis and decision making has been a research topic for many years, semantic interoperability has not yet been reached. The advent of user-generated content for the geospatial domain, Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI, makes it even more difficult to establish semantic integration. This paper proposes a novel approach to integrating conventional sensor information and VGI, which is exploited in the context of detecting forest fires. In contrast to common logic-based semantic descriptions, we present a formal system using algebraic specifications to unambiguously describe the processing steps from natural phenomena to value-added information. A generic ontology of observations is extended and profiled for forest fire detection in order to illustrate how the sensing process, and transformations between heterogeneous sensing systems, can be represented as mathematical functions and grouped into abstract data types. We discuss the required ontological commitments and a possible generalization.

  19. Semantic Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lamandini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The semantic Web is a technology at the service of knowledge which is aimed at accessibility and the sharing of content; facilitating interoperability between different systems and as such is one of the nine key technological pillars of TIC (technologies for information and communication within the third theme, programme specific cooperation of the seventh programme framework for research and development (7°PQRS, 2007-2013. As a system it seeks to overcome overload or excess of irrelevant information in Internet, in order to facilitate specific or pertinent research. It is an extension of the existing Web in which the aim is for cooperation between and the computer and people (the dream of Sir Tim Berners –Lee where machines can give more support to people when integrating and elaborating data in order to obtain inferences and a global sharing of data. It is a technology that is able to favour the development of a “data web” in other words the creation of a space in both sets of interconnected and shared data (Linked Data which allows users to link different types of data coming from different sources. It is a technology that will have great effect on everyday life since it will permit the planning of “intelligent applications” in various sectors such as education and training, research, the business world, public information, tourism, health, and e-government. It is an innovative technology that activates a social transformation (socio-semantic Web on a world level since it redefines the cognitive universe of users and enables the sharing not only of information but of significance (collective and connected intelligence.

  20. Lemnos Interoperable Security Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, John [Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, TN (United States); Halbgewachs, Ron [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Chavez, Adrian [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Smith, Rhett [Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Chattanooga, TN (United States); Teumim, David [Teumim Technical, Allentown, PA (United States)

    2012-01-31

    The manner in which the control systems are being designed and operated in the energy sector is undergoing some of the most significant changes in history due to the evolution of technology and the increasing number of interconnections to other system. With these changes however come two significant challenges that the energy sector must face; 1) Cyber security is more important than ever before, and 2) Cyber security is more complicated than ever before. A key requirement in helping utilities and vendors alike in meeting these challenges is interoperability. While interoperability has been present in much of the discussions relating to technology utilized within the energy sector and especially the Smart Grid, it has been absent in the context of cyber security. The Lemnos project addresses these challenges by focusing on the interoperability of devices utilized within utility control systems which support critical cyber security functions. In theory, interoperability is possible with many of the cyber security solutions available to utilities today. The reality is that the effort required to achieve cyber security interoperability is often a barrier for utilities. For example, consider IPSec, a widely-used Internet Protocol to define Virtual Private Networks, or tunnels , to communicate securely through untrusted public and private networks. The IPSec protocol suite has a significant number of configuration options and encryption parameters to choose from, which must be agreed upon and adopted by both parties establishing the tunnel. The exercise in getting software or devices from different vendors to interoperate is labor intensive and requires a significant amount of security expertise by the end user. Scale this effort to a significant number of devices operating over a large geographical area and the challenge becomes so overwhelming that it often leads utilities to pursue solutions from a single vendor. These single vendor solutions may inadvertently lock

  1. Towards an enterprise interoperability framework

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kotzé, P

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents relevant interoperability approaches and solutions applied to global/international networked (collaborative) enterprises or organisations and conceptualise an enhanced enterprise interoperability framework. The paper covers...

  2. Mapping the e-business profile and trends in cost management in the UK construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Srinath; Park, Rachael; Udeaja, Chika; Zhou, Lei, L; Rodrigo, Anushi

    2012-01-01

    The advancement of e-business applications and IT infrastructure has had massive impact on construction business processes over the last decade. The added effects of globalisation coupled with global economic recession have forced businesses to implement e-business applications within their organisations. It is clear in all industries, that e-business technologies have become a key strategic vehicle in improving performance. In Construction, e-business applications complement most of the busi...

  3. E-business inom fastighetsbranschen : En undersökning av fastighetsbyrån Fantastic Franks differentiering genom E-business

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Utifrån Canvas analysmodell, hur ser Fantastic Franks E-business ut? Hur är synen på E-business hos en liten nischad fastighetsbyrå? Syftet med denna studie är att analysera Fantastic Franks E-business genom Canvas analysmodell och analysera hur differentiering genom E-business påverkar företagets framgång. Genom intervju med ledningsgruppsrepresentant från Fantastic Frank samt med fastighetsmäklare på Fantastic Frank applicerades företagets affärsmodell på modellen Källor till värdeskapande ...

  4. E-Business Curricula and Cybercrime: A Continuing Error of Omission?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fusilier, Marcelline; Penrod, Charlie

    2013-01-01

    The growth of e-business has been accompanied by even faster increases in losses from security breaches, legal problems, and cybercrime. These unnecessary costs inhibit the growth and efficiency of e-business worldwide. Professional education in e-business can help address these problems by providing students with coursework aimed at them. The…

  5. ICE-B 2008 : International Conference on e-Business: Proceedings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Filipe, Joaquim; Marca, David A.; Shishkov, Boris; van Sinderen, Marten J.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of ICE-B 2008, the International Conference on e-Business, is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners interested in information systems methods and applications in the context of e-business. e-Business is a research area of growing importance, encompassing several

  6. Proceedings of the International Conference on e-Business, ICE-B 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Filipe, Joaquim; Marca, David A.; Shishkov, Boris; Sinderen, van Marten

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of ICE-B 2008, the International Conference on e-Business, is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners interested in information systems methods and applications in the context of e-business. e-Business is a research area of growing importance, encompassing several are

  7. Transforming Personnel Accessions: Recruiting in the E-Business World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-04-09

    digital divide clearly impacts any transformation to an eBusiness, eEnterprise, and eCommerce etc. model for recruiting. This research will not assume the...training while providing full pay and benefits . How this "apprenticeship" program rates with other like programs in the country is debatable. The marketing...continue with the "me" theory: Perhaps this was always true (the "me, me, me" society ), but we’d argue that human beings have become increasingly

  8. 企业需要的是E-Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《电子商务世界》杂志编辑部

    2004-01-01

      曾几何时,人们谈到电子商务就想到网络公司,想到利用网上"虚拟商场"或"虚拟店面"进行的商业活动,从而将电子商务与网上交易(E-Commerce)画上了等号,这是一个非常致命的概念混淆.电子商务一词在英文中有2种翻译--E-Commerce和E-Business.……

  9. The 2006 European e-Business Readiness Index

    OpenAIRE

    CASTAINGS WILLIAM; TARANTOLA STEFANO; Latvala, Ari

    2007-01-01

    Abstract: This report is a methodological analysis on the composite index of the information and communication technology (ICT) adoption and use by enterprises in the Europe. Efficient adoption and use of ICT is a key factor to help European enterprises to raise their productivity and competi-tiveness. The 2006 European E-Business Readiness Index, evaluated using data from the 2005 Euro-pean enterprise survey of ICT use and e-commerce by Eurostat, is a useful mechanism for compar-ing e-busin...

  10. An Appraisal Of Groupon E-Business Model

    OpenAIRE

    Odeniyi; O. Ayodeji; Lawal; N. Tunde; Kareem,; A. E. Adebowale

    2015-01-01

    Abstract A new kind of business digital age middleman which ordinarily may not have been possible has emerged. An instance is Groupon an e-commerce platform which allows a small group of merchants to reach a large number of customers using internet and social media technologies to provide discounted deals. Therefore the purpose of this study is to appraise the Groupon e-business model. Firstly the brief profile and business model was examined. Thereafter an in-depth Social Legal Economic Poli...

  11. Standards and Interoperability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stephen McGibbon

    2006-01-01

    @@ I am sure that there will be much discussion at the upcoming Baltic IT&T 2005 conference about standards and interoperability, and so I thought I would try to contribute to the debate with this, the first of four articles that I will write for this journal over the coming months.

  12. A cloud-based approach for interoperable electronic health records (EHRs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahga, Arshdeep; Madisetti, Vijay K

    2013-09-01

    We present a cloud-based approach for the design of interoperable electronic health record (EHR) systems. Cloud computing environments provide several benefits to all the stakeholders in the healthcare ecosystem (patients, providers, payers, etc.). Lack of data interoperability standards and solutions has been a major obstacle in the exchange of healthcare data between different stakeholders. We propose an EHR system - cloud health information systems technology architecture (CHISTAR) that achieves semantic interoperability through the use of a generic design methodology which uses a reference model that defines a general purpose set of data structures and an archetype model that defines the clinical data attributes. CHISTAR application components are designed using the cloud component model approach that comprises of loosely coupled components that communicate asynchronously. In this paper, we describe the high-level design of CHISTAR and the approaches for semantic interoperability, data integration, and security.

  13. The Educational Semantic Web: Visioning and Practicing the Future of Education

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Terry; Whitelock, Denise M.

    2004-01-01

    Abstract: I (Terry) first became interested in the semantic web from reading Berners-Lee's original works and following first generation developments of semantic web technologies in information science, e-business and health fields. I then began including the ideas in talks I gave at various conferences and forums in 2003. Naturally, I became curious about what other educators were doing with the semantic web and so Googled the term, "education semantic web". Much to my su...

  14. E-Business Transformation: An Analysis Framework Based on Critical Organizational Dimensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Qingfeng; CHEN Wenbo; HUANG Lihua

    2008-01-01

    In the era of Internet economics, e-business has become one of the most important strategic factors for enterprise development, so theoretical systems are needed to help enterprises develop e-business transformation strategies. A review of enterprise transformation theory identified five critical organization dimensions of e-business transformation, corporate strategy and vision transformation, organizational structure, product and market transformation, business process transformation, and corporate culture transformation. An e-business transformation process model was developed based on the five dimensions. This model can help enterprises to more effectively implement e-business transformation strategies.

  15. E-Commerce Evaluation and E Business Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Premkumar Balaraman

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available E–Commerce in recent times has exploded many folds due to the invention of new Information and Communication (ICT technologies and applications. Business models of today are highly depending upon internet based transaction and trading platforms, use of Web portals and mobile applications. Proposition of new business models sans the inclusion of internet and their application has become almost impossible for business. Business data pertaining to E Commerce has become highly valuable in recent times. Social networking websites, sharing of product data and its reviews in blogs paves ways for promoting business in new methods. There is need to develop metrics to assess the strength of E Commerce penetration in Business and also evaluate the various E Commerce platforms. Use of E business tools for data analysis, prediction and decision making has become the latest order of the day. Changing trends in E business has a drastic impact on the organizations depending upon internet based applications for handling its business processes and day to day transactions.

  16. A Survey of Current e-Business (E-Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Don Vance Kerr

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is a dynamic part of the business scene and there have been many examples of success and failures of e-commerce and e-business ventures. A survey was administered asking questions about industries understanding of current e-business (e-government practices in Australia. The object of the survey was to provide a benchmark of current practice. The results of this survey could have a major impact on academic curricula. The survey was sent to 671 Australian Businesses and was addressed to the Chief Information Officer. Only twenty four usable questionnaires were returned and while it is accepted that this is a limited sample, disturbing trends have appeared with respect to the lack of strategic planning for information technology use particularly in medium sized businesses in Australia. In addition, relationships between key factors associated with the business objectives for their IT infrastructure and the benefits of the organisation’s Extranet, Intranet and Internet initiatives were identified.

  17. Special report on software, IT and e-business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roche, P.

    2003-02-01

    The star of the e-business show has been e-procurement, while progress was being made in the world of invoicing. Some degree of automation is used by large numbers of companies in the Canadian oil patch using technologies very different from past electronic invoicing methods. Extensible markup language, or XML, is one such technology that can be described as a code which can be readily customized and which enables computers to perform some data-exchange tasks over the Internet without human intervention. Approximately 200 suppliers use Digital Oilfield Inc.'s OpenInvoice, which allows electronic invoicing. E-Business Utility, a product of electroBusiness.com Inc., is used by some 280 operators in the industry. The advantage of electroBusiness is its one-to-many connection, and is not a software grab. The capital cost is minimal. Data re-entry is no longer required. Tracking of the invoices is simpler and faster. Some are convinced that improvements must still be made to gain additional efficiencies, such as reducing human involvement. 2 figs.

  18. An Appraisal Of Groupon E-Business Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odeniyi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A new kind of business digital age middleman which ordinarily may not have been possible has emerged. An instance is Groupon an e-commerce platform which allows a small group of merchants to reach a large number of customers using internet and social media technologies to provide discounted deals. Therefore the purpose of this study is to appraise the Groupon e-business model. Firstly the brief profile and business model was examined. Thereafter an in-depth Social Legal Economic Political Technological EcologicalEnvironmental and Competitive SLEPTEC analysis of the business model was carried out. Then the elements of the business model and the resulting growth and advantages that bring about competitive and profits in the modern markets for Groupon were evaluated. The findings shows that simple technologies of email and social media can be leveraged for business success especially in massive subscribers base as currently witnessed by Groupon. The study revealed the associated problems with the Groupon e-business platform and thus conclusively recommends how the business model can be improved via considerations of other technological factors.

  19. Interoperability for Global Observation Data by Ontological Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Masahiko Nagai; Masafumi Ono; Ryosuke Shibasaki

    2008-01-01

    The Ontology registry system is developed to collect, manage, and compare ontological informa-tion for integrating global observation data. Data sharing and data service such as support of metadata deign, structudng of data contents, support of text mining are applied for better use of data as data interop-erability. Semantic network dictionary and gazetteers are constructed as a trans-disciplinary dictionary. On-tological information is added to the system by digitalizing text based dictionaries, developing "knowledge writing tool" for experts, and extracting semantic relations from authodtative documents with natural lan-guage processing technique. The system is developed to collect lexicographic ontology and geographic ontology.

  20. Earth Observation Data Interoperability Arrangement with Ontology Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, M.; Ono, M.; Shibasaki, R.

    2012-08-01

    Standardization organizations are working for syntactic and schematic level of interoperability. At the same time, semantic interoperability must be considered as a heterogeneous condition and also very diversified with a large-volume data. The ontology registry has been developed and ontological information such as technical vocabularies for earth observation has been collected for data interoperability arrangement. This is a very challenging method for earth observation data interoperability because collaboration or cooperation with scientists of different disciplines is essential for common understanding. Multiple semantic MediaWikis are applied to register and update technical vocabularies as a part of the ontology registry, which promises to be a useful tool for users. In order to invite contributions from the user community, it is necessary to provide sophisticated and easy-to-use tools and systems, such as table-like editor, reverse dictionary, and graph representation for sustainable development and usage of ontological information. Registered ontologies supply the reference information required for earth observation data retrieval. We proposed data/metadata search with ontology such as technical vocabularies and visualization of relations among dataset to very large scale and various earth observation data.

  1. Maturity model for enterprise interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guédria, Wided; Naudet, Yannick; Chen, David

    2015-01-01

    Historically, progress occurs when entities communicate, share information and together create something that no one individually could do alone. Moving beyond people to machines and systems, interoperability is becoming a key factor of success in all domains. In particular, interoperability has become a challenge for enterprises, to exploit market opportunities, to meet their own objectives of cooperation or simply to survive in a growing competitive world where the networked enterprise is becoming a standard. Within this context, many research works have been conducted over the past few years and enterprise interoperability has become an important area of research, ensuring the competitiveness and growth of European enterprises. Among others, enterprises have to control their interoperability strategy and enhance their ability to interoperate. This is the purpose of the interoperability assessment. Assessing interoperability maturity allows a company to know its strengths and weaknesses in terms of interoperability with its current and potential partners, and to prioritise actions for improvement. The objective of this paper is to define a maturity model for enterprise interoperability that takes into account existing maturity models while extending the coverage of the interoperability domain. The assessment methodology is also presented. Both are demonstrated with a real case study.

  2. Interoperability does matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Goepel

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available In companies, the historically developed IT systems are mostly application islands. They always produce good results if the system's requirements and surroundings are not changed and as long as a system interface is not needed. With the ever increas-ing dynamic and globalization of the market, however, these IT islands are certain to collapse. Interoperability (IO is the bid of the hour, assuming the integration of users, data, applications and processes. In the following, important IO enablers such as ETL, EAI, and SOA will be examined on the basis of practica-bility. It will be shown that especially SOA produces a surge of interoperability that could rightly be referred to as IT evolution.

  3. An Interoperable Cartographic Database

    OpenAIRE

    Slobodanka Ključanin; Zdravko Galić

    2007-01-01

    The concept of producing a prototype of interoperable cartographic database is explored in this paper, including the possibilities of integration of different geospatial data into the database management system and their visualization on the Internet. The implementation includes vectorization of the concept of a single map page, creation of the cartographic database in an object-relation database, spatial analysis, definition and visualization of the database content in the form of a map on t...

  4. Lemnos interoperable security project.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halbgewachs, Ronald D.

    2010-03-01

    With the Lemnos framework, interoperability of control security equipment is straightforward. To obtain interoperability between proprietary security appliance units, one or both vendors must now write cumbersome 'translation code.' If one party changes something, the translation code 'breaks.' The Lemnos project is developing and testing a framework that uses widely available security functions and protocols like IPsec - to form a secure communications channel - and Syslog, to exchange security log messages. Using this model, security appliances from two or more different vendors can clearly and securely exchange information, helping to better protect the total system. Simplify regulatory compliance in a complicated security environment by leveraging the Lemnos framework. As an electric utility, are you struggling to implement the NERC CIP standards and other regulations? Are you weighing the misery of multiple management interfaces against committing to a ubiquitous single-vendor solution? When vendors build their security appliances to interoperate using the Lemnos framework, it becomes practical to match best-of-breed offerings from an assortment of vendors to your specific control systems needs. The Lemnos project is developing and testing a framework that uses widely available open-source security functions and protocols like IPsec and Syslog to create a secure communications channel between appliances in order to exchange security data.

  5. SERENITY in e-Business and Smart Item Scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benameur, Azzedine; Khoury, Paul El; Seguran, Magali; Sinha, Smriti Kumar

    SERENITY Artefacts, like Class, Patterns, Implementations and Executable Components for Security & Dependability (S&D) in addition to Serenity Runtime Framework (SRF) are discussed in previous chapters. How to integrate these artefacts with applications in Serenity approach is discussed here with two scenarios. The e-Business scenario is a standard loan origination process in a bank. The Smart Item scenario is an Ambient intelligence case study where we take advantage of Smart Items to provide an electronic healthcare infrastructure for remote healthcare assistance. In both cases, we detail how the prototype implementations of the scenarios select proper executable components through Serenity Runtime Framework and then demonstrate how these executable components of the S&D Patterns are deployed.

  6. Harmonization of semantic data models of electric data standards

    OpenAIRE

    Nieves Sánchez, Juan Carlos; Ortega de Mues, Mariano; Espinoza, Angelina; Rodríguez Álvarez, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    According to the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) a common semantics model is necessary for achieving interoperability in the Smart Grid vision. In this paper, we present an outline of two influential International Electrotech-nical Commission Standards (CIM and IEC 61850) for building a common semantic model in a Smart Grid vision. In addition, we revise two representative approaches suggested by EPRI for harmonizing these standards in a common semantic model. The pros and cons betwe...

  7. Leveraging the Semantic Web for Adaptive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kravcik, Milos; Gasevic, Dragan

    2007-01-01

    In the area of technology-enhanced learning reusability and interoperability issues essentially influence the productivity and efficiency of learning and authoring solutions. There are two basic approaches how to overcome these problems--one attempts to do it via standards and the other by means of the Semantic Web. In practice, these approaches…

  8. Based on Intelligent Robot of E-business Distribution Center Operation Mode Research

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    According to E-business distribution center operation mode in domestic and advanced experience drawing lessons at home and abroad, this paper based on intelligent robot researches E-business distribution center operation mode. And it proposes the innovation logistics storage in E-business and sorting integration system, and elaborates its principle, characteristics, as well as studies its business mode and logistics process, and its parameters and working mode of AGV equipment.

  9. Relevance of Information Systems Strategic Planning Practices in E-Business Contexts

    OpenAIRE

    Ganesan Kannabiran; Srinivasan Sundar

    2011-01-01

    Increasing global competition and advances in Internet technologies have led organizations to consider e-business strategies. However, evolving e-business strategies have been identified as a critical issue faced by corporate planners. The relevance and the use of IS (Information Systems) strategy planning practices in the context of e-business have been argued among researchers. In this paper, the authors investigate whether organizations can successfully improve the IS value in the e-busine...

  10. Effect of Necessary Factors for Deploying E-Business Models on Business Performance in Automotive Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi; Laya Olfat; Ahmad Jafarian; Hassan Alibabaei Khamene

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to survey effects of necessary factors for deploying e-business models on business performance in automotive industry. Today, application of information technology and internet in business is turned to a critical tool to gain competitive advantages in business. The impact of e-businesses is so that changed competitive approach between companies from traditional to modern models. In this study, first, necessary key factors of implementing e-business in automoti...

  11. Innovations affecting SMEs and e-business with reference to strategic networks, aggregation and intermediaries

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, D. H.; Lockett, N J

    2003-01-01

    Against a background of the low engagement of SMEs in e-business this paper investigates the emergence of innovative critical e-aggregation applications defined as an e-business application, promoted by a trusted third party, which engages a significant number of SMEs by addressing an important shared business concern within an aggregation. By a review of secondary data and empirical investigation the research shows that such applications can facilitate the engagement of SMEs in e-business. T...

  12. An Interoperable Cartographic Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodanka Ključanin

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The concept of producing a prototype of interoperable cartographic database is explored in this paper, including the possibilities of integration of different geospatial data into the database management system and their visualization on the Internet. The implementation includes vectorization of the concept of a single map page, creation of the cartographic database in an object-relation database, spatial analysis, definition and visualization of the database content in the form of a map on the Internet. 

  13. INTEROPERABILITY CADASTRAL DATA IN THE SYSTEM APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Mika

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Elements of each system and their interrelationships can be represented using models simulating reality. Analysis of the problem with the use of modeling methods facilitates the identification of the problem, its diagnosis and assessment of data quality. In this study, the method of semantic modeling, based on the principles of system analysis was used. The thematic scope of the publication covers the use of these methods in order to develop a model of cadastral data in Poland. Real estate cadastre is one of the most important information systems in the world, based on the spatial data of geodetic and legal nature. It is therefore important to define appropriately its purpose, scope of data and the links between objects, subjects and their assigned rights. The methods of system analysis are widely used for this purpose around the world. By using of these methods the schematic diagram of the multi-purpose cadastre in Poland was developed, along with the model of sources and types of cadastral information. Particular attention was paid to modeling of the scope and content of spatial data. The basic assumption of the functionality of the cadastral system is the interoperability of data, from selected databases collecting information about cadastral objects with the use of thematic groups if the INSPIRE Directive. Spatial conditions of data interoperability of modeled multi-purpose cadastre based on current law conditions in Poland were presented in this paper.

  14. Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) Interoperability Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The UGV Interoperability Lab provides the capability to verify vendor conformance against government-defined interoperability profiles (IOPs). This capability allows...

  15. Implementing a decision support system (DSS in e-business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Ruiz G.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Decision support systems (DSS and e-business (EB have emerged as separate areas. However, currently, and for some years now, DSS and EB have become merged to provide customers with greater benefits and added value. There are different types of DSS and different categories and business models for EB; one area’s applicability to the other thus expands the possible combi- nations which can arise from such different categories. Some representative examples would include auction sites which, through applying intelligent agents, can learn about which products to offer or when and where to sell them; DSS allow a company’s in- formation avilable in web portals for customers and employees to be accessed in a controlled way and decisions thus made; vir- tual stores may be positively affected by data mining and data warehousing being applied; complex algorithms could be used in customer relationship management for predicting and analysing “what would happen if” to identify revenue opportunities in com- petitive markets; and a wide range of other applications where imagination is the limit. Research into DSS / BE must be ongoing due to the constant emergence of new business models and DSS subsystems. Applications can be varied and provide bi-directio- nal support for each one. New interaction mechanisms and efforts to satisfy customers are also the focus of inspiration for new applications for DSS systems in EB.

  16. Enhanced semantic interpretability by healthcare standards profiling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

    2008-01-01

    Several current healthcare standards support semantic interoperability. These standards are far to be completely adopted in health information system development, however. The objective of this paper is to provide a method and necessary tooling for reusing healthcare standards by exploiting the extensibility mechanisms of UML, by that way supporting the development of semantically interoperable systems and components. The method identifies first the models and tasks in the software development process in which health care standards can be reused. Then, the selected standard is formalized as a UML profile. Finally that profile is applied to system models, annotating them with the standard semantics. The supporting tools are Eclipse-based UML modeling tools. The method is integrated into a comprehensive framework for health information systems development. The feasibility of the approach is exemplified by a scenario reusing HL7 RIM and DIMs specifications. The approach presented is also applicable for harmonizing different standard specifications.

  17. A study on heterogeneous distributed spatial information platform based on semantic Web services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Shuang-yun; Yang, Kun; Xu, Quan-li; Huang, Bang-mei

    2008-10-01

    With the development of Semantic Web technology, the spatial information service based on ontology is an effective way for sharing and interoperation of heterogeneous information resources in the distributed network environment. This paper discusses spatial information sharing and interoperability in the Semantic Web Services architecture. Through using Ontology record spatial information in sharing knowledge system, explicit and formalization expresses the default and the concealment semantic information. It provides the prerequisite for spatial information sharing and interoperability; Through Semantic Web Services technology parses Ontology and intelligent buildings services under network environment, form a network of services. In order to realize the practical applications of spatial information sharing and interoperation in different brunches of CDC system, a prototype system for HIV/AIDS information sharing based on geo-ontology has also been developed by using the methods described above.

  18. Semantic Extraction for Multi-Enterprise Business Collaboration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Hongjun; FAN Yushun

    2009-01-01

    Semantic extraction is essential for semantic interoperability in multi-enterprise business collabo-ration environments. Although many studies on semantic extraction have been carried out, few have focused on how to precisely and effectively extract semantics from multiple heterogeneous data schemas. This paper presents a semi-automatic semantic extraction method based on a neutral representation format (NRF) for acquiring semantics from heterogeneous data schemas. As a unified syntax-independent model, NRF re-moves all the contingencies of heterogeneous data schemas from the original data environment. Conceptual extraction and keyword extraction are used to acquire the semantics from the NRF. Conceptual extraction entails constructing a conceptual model, while keyword extraction seeks to obtain the metadata. An industrial case is given to validate the approach. This method has good extensibility and flexibility. The results show that the method provides simple, accurate, and effective semantic intereperability in multi-enterprise busi-ness collaboration environments.

  19. Extending the GI Brokering Suite to Support New Interoperability Specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldrini, E.; Papeschi, F.; Santoro, M.; Nativi, S.

    2014-12-01

    The GI brokering suite provides the discovery, access, and semantic Brokers (i.e. GI-cat, GI-axe, GI-sem) that empower a Brokering framework for multi-disciplinary and multi-organizational interoperability. GI suite has been successfully deployed in the framework of several programmes and initiatives, such as European Union funded projects, NSF BCube, and the intergovernmental coordinated effort Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). Each GI suite Broker facilitates interoperability for a particular functionality (i.e. discovery, access, semantic extension) among a set of brokered resources published by autonomous providers (e.g. data repositories, web services, semantic assets) and a set of heterogeneous consumers (e.g. client applications, portals, apps). A wide set of data models, encoding formats, and service protocols are already supported by the GI suite, such as the ones defined by international standardizing organizations like OGC and ISO (e.g. WxS, CSW, SWE, GML, netCDF) and by Community specifications (e.g. THREDDS, OpenSearch, OPeNDAP, ESRI APIs). Using GI suite, resources published by a particular Community or organization through their specific technology (e.g. OPeNDAP/netCDF) can be transparently discovered, accessed, and used by different Communities utilizing their preferred tools (e.g. a GIS visualizing WMS layers). Since Information Technology is a moving target, new standards and technologies continuously emerge and are adopted in the Earth Science context too. Therefore, GI Brokering suite was conceived to be flexible and accommodate new interoperability protocols and data models. For example, GI suite has recently added support to well-used specifications, introduced to implement Linked data, Semantic Web and precise community needs. Amongst the others, they included: DCAT: a RDF vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between Web data catalogs. CKAN: a data management system for data distribution, particularly used by

  20. Revealing the Socio-technical Design of Global e-businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Global e-businesses such as Google, Amazon and E-bay affect both users and society. How can we begin to understand this duality in the socio-technical affordances of e-business? This paper examines a digital art performance as an example of the tensions between capitalist businesses and the publi...

  1. Reputation Model with Forgiveness Factor for Semi-Competitive E-Business Agent Societies

    OpenAIRE

    Radu Burete; Amelia Badica; Costin Badica

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a new reputation model for agents engaged in e-business transactions. Our model enhances classic reputation models by adding forgiveness factor and new sources of reputation information based on agents groups. The model was implemented using JADE multi-agent platform and initially evaluated for e-business scenarios comprising societies of buyer and seller agents.

  2. The Influence of Installed Technologies on Future Adoption Decisions: Empirical Evidence from E-Business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.D. Koellinger (Philipp); C. Schade (Christian)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis paper studies the adoption times of various e-business technologies in a large sample of firms from 10 different industry sectors and 25 European countries between 1994 and 2002. The results show that the probability of adoption increases with the number of previously adopted e-busi

  3. e-Business challenges and directions: important themes from the first ICE-B workshop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marca, David; Bulander, Rebecca; Kruslin, Cornelia; Shishkov, Boris; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Obaidat, Mohammad S.; Tsihrintzis, George A.; Filipe, Joaquim

    2012-01-01

    A three-day asynchronous, interactive workshop was held at ICE-B’10 in Piraeus, Greece in July of 2010. This event captured conference themes for e-Business challenges and directions across four subject areas: a) e-Business applications and models, b) enterprise engineering, c) mobility, d) business

  4. Specification of e-business process model for PayPal online payment process using Reo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xie, M.

    2005-01-01

    E-business process modeling allows business analysts to better understand and analyze the business processes, and eventually to use software systems to automate (parts of) these business processes to achieve higher profit. To support e-business process modeling, many business process modeling langua

  5. The E-Business Research Network: summary of the results of the Dutch pilot survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. van der Wiele (Ton); A.R.T. Williams (Roger); J.D. van Iwaarden (Jos); M. Wilson (Melanie); B.G. Dale (Barry)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractA project has been started with the intention to develop an E-Business Research Network on E-business related research in business and management. The initiative has been taken in co-operation between Erasmus University and UMIST to develop a project in which the first stage concerns the

  6. Supporting the E-Business Readiness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Approaches and Metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jutla, Dawn; Bodorik, Peter; Dhaliwal, Jasbir

    2002-01-01

    Presents a conceptual model for governments in creating a climate that facilitates the national adoption of e-business. Focuses on the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises, suggests measures to assess how a country is performing in providing a positive e-business climate, and provides examples from Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, and…

  7. An Analysis of the e-Business Program in the School of Business Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Shyamalendu; Reddy, Surender

    2007-01-01

    The article analyzes various present and future aspects of e-business as it is or should be incorporated in the school of business curriculum. The study uses both primary and secondary data. The results indicate that e-business courses are currently taught across the traditional disciplines of business schools. The courses are primarily taught as…

  8. Revealing the Socio-technical Design of Global e-businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Global e-businesses such as Google, Amazon and E-bay affect both users and society. How can we begin to understand this duality in the socio-technical affordances of e-business? This paper examines a digital art performance as an example of the tensions between capitalist businesses and the public...

  9. Interoperation of heterogeneous CAD tools in Ptolemy II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jie; Wu, Bicheng; Liu, Xiaojun; Lee, Edward A.

    1999-03-01

    Typical complex systems that involve microsensors and microactuators exhibit heterogeneity both at the implementation level and the problem level. For example, a system can be modeled using discrete events for digital circuits and SPICE-like analog descriptions for sensors. This heterogeneity exist not only in different implementation domains, but also at different level of abstraction. This naturally leads to a heterogeneous approach to system design that uses domain-specific models of computation (MoC) at various levels of abstractions to define a system, and leverages multiple CAD tools to do simulation, verification and synthesis. As the size and scope of the system increase, the integration becomes too difficult and unmanageable if different tools are coordinated using simple scripts. In addition, for MEMS devices and mixed-signal circuits, it is essential to integrate tools with different MoC to simulate the whole system. Ptolemy II, a heterogeneous system-level design tool, supports the interaction among different MoCs. This paper discusses heterogeneous CAD tool interoperability in the Ptolemy II framework. The key is to understand the semantic interface and classify the tools by their MoC and their level of abstraction. Interfaces are designed for each domain so that the external tools can be easily wrapped. Then the interoperability of the tools becomes the interoperability of the semantics. Ptolemy II can act as the standard interface among different tools to achieve the overall design modeling. A micro-accelerometer with digital feedback is studied as an example.

  10. The Open Archives Initiative: Realizing Simple and Effective Digital Library Interoperability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suleman, Hussein; Fox, Edward

    2001-01-01

    Explains the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) which was developed to solve problems of digital library interoperability on the World Wide Web. Topics include metadata; HTTP; XML; Dublin Core; the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol; data providers; service providers; reference linking; library policies; shared semantics; and name authority systems.…

  11. Environment Observation System based on Semantics in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Hu; Jingyan Jiang; Jin Zhou; Kuo Zhao; Liang Chen; Huimin Lu

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things is rapidly developing in recent years. A number of devices connect with the Internet. Hence, the interoperability, which is the access and interpretation of unambiguous data, is strongly needed by distributed and heterogeneous devices. The semantics promotes the interoperability in the Internet of Things using ontology to provide precise definition of concepts and relations. In this paper, we demonstrate the importance of the semantics in three aspects: firstly, the sem...

  12. Environment Observation System based on Semantics in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Hu; Jingyan Jiang; Jin Zhou; Kuo Zhao; Liang Chen; Huimin Lu

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things is rapidly developing in recent years. A number of devices connect with the Internet. Hence, the interoperability, which is the access and interpretation of unambiguous data, is strongly needed by distributed and heterogeneous devices. The semantics promotes the interoperability in the Internet of Things using ontology to provide precise definition of concepts and relations. In this paper, we demonstrate the importance of the semantics in three aspects: firstly, the sem...

  13. Towards a Common Platform to Support Business Processes, Services and Semantics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piprani, Baba

    The search for the Holy Grail in achieving interoperability of business processes, services and semantics continues with every new type or search for the Silver Bullet. Most approaches towards interoperability either are focusing narrowly on the simplistic notion using technology supporting a cowboy-style development without much regard to metadata or semantics. At the same time, the distortions on semantics created by many of current modeling paradigms and approaches - including the disharmony created by multiplicity of parallel approaches to standardization - are not helping us resolve the real issues facing knowledge and semantics management. This paper will address some of the issues facing us, like: What have we achieved? Where did we go wrong? What are we doing right? - providing an ipso-facto encapsulated candid snapshot on an approach to harmonizing our approach to interoperability, and propose a common platform to support Business Processes, Services and Semantics.

  14. Framework for E-Government Inter-Operability at National Level based on the Experience of Other Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashomeh Sadeghi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Inter-operability is a tool by which a link is established between systems, information and operations within an organization or organizations at a national, regional or even divisional level. Through mutual inter-operability, organizations could offer better quality of service at a lower cost. In order to inter-operate with one another and to share the needed information, organizations need to employ specific frameworks and models. The present paper intends to provide a framework for inter-operability among organizations using the experience gained by various countries in the area of E-Government inter-operability. The proposed framework encompasses various business, information, semantic and technical aspect. Each aspects in turn is comprised of different components. The Framework offered was validated using expert views.

  15. Web-Based Decision Support for E-Business Strategies: A Balanced Scorecard Approach

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the design and proof of concept of a web-based e-business decision-making support system (EBDMSS), to deliver a balanced scorecard (BSC)-based modeling and analysis in support of e-business strategic management. EBDMSS is designed, built and validated through a conceptual design research method. Its design is theoretically underpinned in three DMSS design schemes: an e-business BSC (EBBSC) framework for decision-making process (DMP), a DMSS architecture, and a DMSS design...

  16. EEMA: focus on technical and legal issues of e-business in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin JACOBS

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available EEMA is Europe's leading independent association for e-Business and promotes collaboration concerning all technical (ICT , legal and business aspects of e-business. EEMA puts the emphasis on today's practical issues. In this respect, EEMA's Legal Intrest Group, headed by Prof. Jos Dumortier, focuses on all legal aspects of e-business, i.a. electronic signature, e-invoice, identity management, security legislation (e.g. Sarbanes Oxley in the EU, privacy, etc. On November 22nd and 23 rd this year EEMA will organise a two day seminar about electronic invoicing and electronic archiving in Brussels.

  17. THE QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR THE OPEN SOURCE E-BUSINESS SOLUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surcel Traian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Conversion of ordinary business into e-business has forced organizations to be redesigned and reshaped Today's business owners are more dependent on applications than ever before. Application software automates key business processes - from payments, fund

  18. Multi-disciplinary solutions to industry and government´s E-business challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elliot, Steve; Viborg Andersen, Kim; Trauth, Eileen

    Successful implementations of E-Business frequently require additional interaction between elements that extend beyond technology and organizational issues to include environmental (e.g. infrastructure, national culture, national and international payment mechanisms) and consumer factors....

  19. Multi-disciplinary solutions to industry and government´s E-business challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elliot, Steve; Viborg Andersen, Kim; Trauth, Eileen

    Successful implementations of E-Business frequently require additional interaction between elements that extend beyond technology and organizational issues to include environmental (e.g. infrastructure, national culture, national and international payment mechanisms) and consumer factors....

  20. Discovering Performance Measurement System to Evaluate the Efficiency of E-Business Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Uturytė  -Vrubliauskienė

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Despite the significant growth of information technologies investments, evidence of their influence on organization performance remains inconclusive. Nowadays it is very important to realize whether expected economic benefits of information technologies investments are being recognized in organizations. Currently organizations can no longer afford basically to lose their money in e-business initiatives without developing and using suitable metrics to measure the effectiveness of such investments and to find out the relationship between e-business and organization performance. The study describes research aimed at determining the exact nature of such e-business performance measurement systems. The basic objective of this study is to discover performance measurement system for evaluating the efficiency of e-business solutions.Article in Lithuanian

  1. The impact of e-business technologies on supply chain operations: a macroeconomic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Amit Basu; Thomas F. Siems

    2004-01-01

    New information technologies and e-business solutions have transformed supply chain operations from mass production to mass customization. This paper assesses the impact of these innovations on economic productivity, focusing on the macroeconomic benefits as supply chain operations have evolved from simple production and planning systems to today's real-time performance-management information systems using advanced e-business technologies. While many factors can influence macroeconomic variab...

  2. Oracle E-Business Suite Financials R12 A Functionality Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Iyer, Mohan

    2012-01-01

    This is a step-by-step functional guide to get you started easily with Oracle EBS Financials. If you are an Oracle E-Business Suite Financial consultant or an administrator looking to get a quick review on the capabilities of Oracle E-Business Suite and improve the use of the systems functionality, then this is the best guide for you. This book assumes that you have a fundamental knowledge of EBS Suite.

  3. Large scale healthcare data integration and analysis using the semantic web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timm, John; Renly, Sondra; Farkash, Ariel

    2011-01-01

    Healthcare data interoperability can only be achieved when the semantics of the content is well defined and consistently implemented across heterogeneous data sources. Achieving these objectives of interoperability requires the collaboration of experts from several domains. This paper describes tooling that integrates Semantic Web technologies with common tools to facilitate cross-domain collaborative development for the purposes of data interoperability. Our approach is divided into stages of data harmonization and representation, model transformation, and instance generation. We applied our approach on Hypergenes, an EU funded project, where we use our method to the Essential Hypertension disease model using a CDA template. Our domain expert partners include clinical providers, clinical domain researchers, healthcare information technology experts, and a variety of clinical data consumers. We show that bringing Semantic Web technologies into the healthcare interoperability toolkit increases opportunities for beneficial collaboration thus improving patient care and clinical research outcomes.

  4. Research of B2B e-Business Application and Development Technology Based on SOA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xian, Li Liang

    Today, the B2B e-business systems in most enterprises usually have multiple heterogeneous and independent systems which are based on different platforms and operate in different functional departments. To deal with the increased services in future, an enterprise needs to expand its system continuously. This, however, will cause great inconvenience to the future system maintenance. To implement e-business successfully, a unified internal e-business integration environment must be established to integrate the internal system and thus realize a unified internal mechanism within the enterprise e-business system. The SOA (service-oriented architecture), however, can well meet the above requirements. The integration of SOA-based applications can reduce the dependency of different types of IT systems, reduce the cost of system maintenance and the complexity of the IT system operation, increase the flexibility of the system deployment, and at the same time exclude the barrier of service innovation. Research and application of SOA-based enterprise application systems has become a very important research project at present. Based on SOA, this document designs an enterprise e-business application model and realizes a flexible and expandable e-business platform.

  5. A Research on E - learning Resources Construction Based on Semantic Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rui, Liu; Maode, Deng

    Traditional e-learning platforms have the flaws that it's usually difficult to query or positioning, and realize the cross platform sharing and interoperability. In the paper, the semantic web and metadata standard is discussed, and a kind of e - learning system framework based on semantic web is put forward to try to solve the flaws of traditional elearning platforms.

  6. SEMANTIC INTEGRATION FOR AUTOMATIC ONTOLOGY MAPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siham AMROUCH

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, ontologies have played a key technology role for information sharing and agents interoperability in different application domains. In semantic web domain, ontologies are efficiently used to face the great challenge of representing the semantics of data, in order to bring the actual web to its full power and hence, achieve its objective. However, using ontologies as common and shared vocabularies requires a certain degree of interoperability between them. To confront this requirement, mapping ontologies is a solution that is not to be avoided. In deed, ontology mapping build a meta layer that allows different applications and information systems to access and share their informations, of course, after resolving the different forms of syntactic, semantic and lexical mismatches. In the contribution presented in this paper, we have integrated the semantic aspect based on an external lexical resource, wordNet, to design a new algorithm for fully automatic ontology mapping. This fully automatic character features the main difference of our contribution with regards to the most of the existing semi-automatic algorithms of ontology mapping, such as Chimaera, Prompt, Onion, Glue, etc. To better enhance the performances of our algorithm, the mapping discovery stage is based on the combination of two sub-modules. The former analysis the concept’s names and the later analysis their properties. Each one of these two sub-modules is it self based on the combination of lexical and semantic similarity measures.

  7. Intercloud Architecture for Interoperability and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.; Ngo, C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture (ICA) Framework that should address problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous Cloud based infrastructure services and applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability wit

  8. Some Notes on Interoperability of GNSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YANG Yuanxi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Compatibility and interoperability of GNSS are the hot research issues in international satellite navigation field. It is a requirement for integrated multi GNSS navigation and positioning. The basic concepts of the compatibility and interoperability are introduced and the trend of the interoperability among the GNSS providers is discussed. The status and problems of the frequency interoperability of GPS, BeiDou(BDS, GLONASS and Galileo are analyzed. It is pointed that the frequency interoperability problems will affect the manufacturers and multi GNSS users. The influences of the interoperability problems of the reference coordinate systems are not only resulted from the definitions and realizations of the reference coordinate systems but also from the maintenance and update strategies of the reference systems. The effects of the time datum interoperability and corresponding resolving strategies are also discussed. The influences of the interoperability problems of GNSS are summarized.

  9. Intercloud Architecture for Interoperability and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.; Ngo, C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture (ICA) Framework that should address problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous Cloud based infrastructure services and applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability

  10. Assessing Schizophrenia with an Interoperable Architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emerencia, Ando; van der Krieke, Lian; Petkov, Nicolai; Aiello, Marco; Bouamrane, Matt-Mouley; Tao, Cui

    2011-01-01

    With the introduction of electronic personal health records and e-health applications spreading, interoperability concerns are of increasing importance to hospitals and care facilities. Interoperability between distributed and complex systems requires, among other things, compatible data formats.

  11. Federated Spatial Databases and Interoperability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    It is a period of information explosion. Especially for spatialinfo rmation science, information can be acquired through many ways, such as man-mad e planet, aeroplane, laser, digital photogrammetry and so on. Spatial data source s are usually distributed and heterogeneous. Federated database is the best reso lution for the share and interoperation of spatial database. In this paper, the concepts of federated database and interoperability are introduced. Three hetero geneous kinds of spatial data, vector, image and DEM are used to create integrat ed database. A data model of federated spatial databases is given

  12. CCP interoperability and system stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Xiaobing; Hu, Haibo

    2016-09-01

    To control counterparty risk, financial regulations such as the Dodd-Frank Act are increasingly requiring standardized derivatives trades to be cleared by central counterparties (CCPs). It is anticipated that in the near term future, CCPs across the world will be linked through interoperability agreements that facilitate risk sharing but also serve as a conduit for transmitting shocks. This paper theoretically studies a networked network with CCPs that are linked through interoperability arrangements. The major finding is that the different configurations of networked network CCPs contribute to the different properties of the cascading failures.

  13. A framework for evaluating e-Business models and Productivity Analysis for Banking Sector in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Prakash Singh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the world of e-business the rapid growth of the market and fierce competition between the increasing numbers of participants add up to new innovations every day leading to short development cycles. New business models and a herd of start-up companies emerge every few months, to exploit the new opportunities. However, the business has had rough times trying to keep up with the rapid development of e-business. Despite the fact that more and more efforts are made to grasp the essentials of e-business and in particular e-business models, the existing literature on the subject is scattered. Moreover, the studies are quickly out-dated due to the fast phase of the 'new economy'. A clear need exists for an objective and up-to-date literature study of e-business models. This study is an effort to draw together some of the e-Business models and real-life experiments that has been circling around the e-business models. To study the sweeping changes brought about by e-initiative measures in the banking sector some banks were chosen, from public sector like SBI ,BOB etc and from private sector like ICICI, HDFC etc. The paper analyses a comparison of various models using metric method. The different elements of the metric include revenue generation, value proposition, infrastructure etc. A mathematical model taking into consideration various ranking and weightages to the elements of the metric has been developed to analyse whether investments in e-initiative increased productivity and profitability in the Indian banking system. The model suggests that the performance of the banking sector has improved considerably. Profitability, customer satisfaction, and many other parameters show a market improvement. It is believed that a mathematical approach proposed in this paper will find extensive application in other sectors of the economy also.

  14. The interoperability force in the ERP field

    OpenAIRE

    Boza Garcia, Andres; Cuenca, L; Poler Escoto, Raúl; Michaelides, Zenon

    2015-01-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems participate in interoperability projects and this participation sometimes leads to new proposals for the ERP field. The aim of this paper is to identify the role that interoperability plays in the evolution of ERP systems. To go about this, ERP systems have been first identified within interoperability frameworks. Second, the initiatives in the ERP field driven by interoperability requirements have been identified from two perspectives: technological...

  15. Web-Based Policy Interoperability via a Semantic Policy Interlingua

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    by the user; ii ) the Mapper, which splits the query to several subqueries based on descriptions of endpoints; iii) the Optimizer, which reorders the...to RIF Translation”, Ankesh Khandelwal, RPI Technical Report, March 2011 http://tw.rpi.edu/proj/tami/AIR-to-RIF-PRD 6. “ Gasping for AIR: Why we need...Department of Elemen- tary and Secondary Education. http://www.doe.mass.edu/mailings/welcome.html, 2008. 6. L. Kagal, I. Jacobi, and A. Khandelwal. Gasping

  16. Semantic Interoperability Framework (Cadre de l’Interoperabilite Semantique)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    RTA Information Management Systems Branch is required for more than one copy to be made or an extract included in another publication. Requests to...vitale d’interopérabilité sémantique a été reconnue à maintes reprises et quelques projets de référence ont été créés mais d’une part, des recherches

  17. Improving semantic interoperability of big data for epidemiological surveillance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moreira, João L.R.; Sinderen, van Marten; Ferreira Pires, Luis; Dockhorn Costa, Patrícia; Zelm, Martin; Doumeingts, Guy; Mendonca, Joao Pedro

    2016-01-01

    Future disease outbreaks may spread faster and stronger than recent epidemics, such as Zika, Ebola and Influenza. The integration of multiple existing Early Warning Systems (EWS) is a requirement to support disease surveillance in combating infectious disease outbreaks. In this direction, numerous a

  18. Improving semantic interoperability of big data for epidemiological surveillance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moreira, João; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Ferreira Pires, Luis; Dockhorn Costa, P.; Zelm, Martin; Doumeingts, Guy; Mendonca, Joao Pedro

    2016-01-01

    Future disease outbreaks may spread faster and stronger than recent epidemics, such as Zika, Ebola and Influenza. The integration of multiple existing Early Warning Systems (EWS) is a requirement to support disease surveillance in combating infectious disease outbreaks. In this direction, numerous a

  19. Contexts for concepts: Information modeling for semantic interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Luttighuis, P.H.W.M.; Stap, R.E.; Quartel, D.

    2011-01-01

    Conceptual information modeling is a well-established practice, aimed at preparing the implementation of information systems, the specification of electronic message formats, and the design of information processes. Today's ever more connected world however poses new challenges for conceptual inform

  20. Importance of achieving semantic interoperability for national health information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn Johanna Sophia Hovenga

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se examina de manera general las relaciones entre los dirigentes gubernamentales de las políticas de salud, de los proveedores de cuidado en salud y la adopción de las informaciones de cuidado en salud, así como de las tecnologías de comunicación y conocimiento. Esas tecnologías incluyen la adopción de estructuras de lenguaje nacional de salud y los patrones de informática en salud. Reflexiones esas que están basadas en las observaciones de los autores y en la participación internacional en el desarrollo de los patrones y en el desarrollo e implantación durante muchos años de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación Guvernamentales. Un considerable número de conceptos críticos parece ser mal comprendido por los responsables por la tomada de desiciones claves o, alternativamente, por las agendas políticas y por la necesidad de cuidar de una variedad de intereses propios que continuan dominando. Se concluye que nosotros debemos establecer y promover activamente un sólido ejemplo profesional para la adopción de una estrategia nacional de informática en salud que esté basada en la mejor evidencia científica disponible para apoyar un sistema de salud sustentable.

  1. Improving semantic interoperability of big data for epidemiological surveillance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moreira, João; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Ferreira Pires, Luis; Dockhorn Costa, P.; Zelm, Martin; Doumeingts, Guy; Mendonca, Joao Pedro

    Future disease outbreaks may spread faster and stronger than recent epidemics, such as Zika, Ebola and Influenza. The integration of multiple existing Early Warning Systems (EWS) is a requirement to support disease surveillance in combating infectious disease outbreaks. In this direction, numerous

  2. Semantic interoperability in sensor applications : Making sense of sensor data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brandt, P.; Basten, T.; Stuijk, S.; Bui, V.; Clercq, P. de; Ferreira Pires, L.; Sinderen, M. van

    2013-01-01

    Much effort has been spent on the optimization of sensor networks, mainly concerning their performance and power efficiency. Furthermore, open communication protocols for the exchange of sensor data have been developed and widely adopted, making sensor data widely available for software applications

  3. US and Coalition Forces Data (Semantic) Interoperability Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    e.g., PASS, “multi-cast,” “swivel 22 Reference 11 27 chair,” “ sneaker -net”)23; this plethora...one IT system to another; “ sneaker -net” refers to transferring data from one information system to another using physically removable media such as

  4. Linked Data for Transaction Based Enterprise Interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, Erwin Johan Albert; ir. Krukkert, D.; Sinderen, Marten; Chapurlat, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Interoperability is of major importance in B2B environments. Starting with EDI in the ‘80s, currently interoperability relies heavily on XML-based standards. Although having great impact, still issues remain to be solved for improving B2B interoperability. These issues include lack of dynamics, cost

  5. Linked data for transaction based enterprise interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Krukkert, D.

    2015-01-01

    Interoperability is of major importance in B2B environments. Starting with EDI in the ‘80s, currently interoperability relies heavily on XMLbased standards. Although having great impact, still issues remain to be solved for improving B2B interoperability. These issues include lack of dynamics, cost

  6. Implementing Interoperability in the Seafood Industry: Learning from Experiences in Other Sectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Tejas; Gooch, Martin; Dent, Benjamin; Sylvia, Gilbert

    2017-08-01

    Interoperability of communication and information technologies within and between businesses operating along supply chains is being pursued and implemented in numerous industries worldwide to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of operations. The desire for greater interoperability is also driven by the need to reduce business risk through more informed management decisions. Interoperability is achieved by the development of a technology architecture that guides the design and implementation of communication systems existing within individual businesses and between businesses comprising the supply chain. Technology architectures are developed through a purposeful dialogue about why the architecture is required, the benefits and opportunities that the architecture offers the industry, and how the architecture will translate into practical results. An assessment of how the finance, travel, and health industries and a sector of the food industry-fresh produce-have implemented interoperability was conducted to identify lessons learned that can aid the development of interoperability in the seafood industry. The findings include identification of the need for strong, effective governance during the establishment and operation of an interoperability initiative to ensure the existence of common protocols and standards. The resulting insights were distilled into a series of principles for enabling syntactic and semantic interoperability in any industry, which we summarize in this article. Categorized as "structural," "operational," and "integrative," the principles describe requirements and solutions that are pivotal to enabling businesses to create and capture value from full chain interoperability. The principles are also fundamental to allowing governments and advocacy groups to use traceability for public good. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  7. The Impact of e-Business Strategy on Home-Based Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosnafisah Sulaiman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Internet technology has brought major changes to the way business is conducted today. Many terms have been coined to represent the electronic concepts and applications such as e-Business and e-Commerce terms. These terms are commonly used to represent the new transformation of business processes and transactions. In Malaysia, e-Business adoption has not only captured the interest of large organizations but it has also been acknowledged and adopted by small, medium and micro sized enterprises. Implementing e-Business requires significant changes in the company’s structure, culture, strategy, procedures and responsibilities. However, the challenges never stop people from venturing into this new business concept. The aim of this study is to look into e-Business potential for micro sized businesses that operates from home. In this study both qualitative and quantitative method are used. This paper present a review of the literature pertaining to e-Business, home-based business, the qualitative study and the early findings from the study.

  8. Design and Research on e-Business Platform Based on Agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, L. Z.; Li, L. X.

    The efficiency of enterprises can be improved and made more competitive by e-business. Consequently, e-business is developing in a swift and violent manner as a new type of business mode all over the world. But with the rapid increase of information on the Internet, the traditional technology cannot meet the requirement of information development well. Soon, high-efficient e-business system needs to be set up by a new kind of technology. Since the agent has the characteristic of movement, cooperation as well as some intelligence, it can compensate the shortcoming of the current e-business system. So how to lead the agent into e-business soon becomes the focus of academic and enterprises. This chapter analyzes the existing electronic business mode and designs a kind of the electronic business model based on the agent intelligence. It searches the goods information that match the customer request and negotiates goods price and the bargain conditions with seller, and recommends reasonable goods for the double win both the customer and the safer. The language of the system development is Java and use the B/S structure.

  9. Interoperability with Moby 1.0--it's better than sharing your toothbrush!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Mark D; Senger, Martin; Kawas, Edward; Bruskiewich, Richard; Gouzy, Jerome; Noirot, Celine; Bardou, Philippe; Ng, Ambrose; Haase, Dirk; Saiz, Enrique de Andres; Wang, Dennis; Gibbons, Frank; Gordon, Paul M K; Sensen, Christoph W; Carrasco, Jose Manuel Rodriguez; Fernández, José M; Shen, Lixin; Links, Matthew; Ng, Michael; Opushneva, Nina; Neerincx, Pieter B T; Leunissen, Jack A M; Ernst, Rebecca; Twigger, Simon; Usadel, Bjorn; Good, Benjamin; Wong, Yan; Stein, Lincoln; Crosby, William; Karlsson, Johan; Royo, Romina; Párraga, Iván; Ramírez, Sergio; Gelpi, Josep Lluis; Trelles, Oswaldo; Pisano, David G; Jimenez, Natalia; Kerhornou, Arnaud; Rosset, Roman; Zamacola, Leire; Tarraga, Joaquin; Huerta-Cepas, Jaime; Carazo, Jose María; Dopazo, Joaquin; Guigo, Roderic; Navarro, Arcadi; Orozco, Modesto; Valencia, Alfonso; Claros, M Gonzalo; Pérez, Antonio J; Aldana, Jose; Rojano, M Mar; Fernandez-Santa Cruz, Raul; Navas, Ismael; Schiltz, Gary; Farmer, Andrew; Gessler, Damian; Schoof, Heiko; Groscurth, Andreas

    2008-05-01

    The BioMoby project was initiated in 2001 from within the model organism database community. It aimed to standardize methodologies to facilitate information exchange and access to analytical resources, using a consensus driven approach. Six years later, the BioMoby development community is pleased to announce the release of the 1.0 version of the interoperability framework, registry Application Programming Interface and supporting Perl and Java code-bases. Together, these provide interoperable access to over 1400 bioinformatics resources worldwide through the BioMoby platform, and this number continues to grow. Here we highlight and discuss the features of BioMoby that make it distinct from other Semantic Web Service and interoperability initiatives, and that have been instrumental to its deployment and use by a wide community of bioinformatics service providers. The standard, client software, and supporting code libraries are all freely available at http://www.biomoby.org/.

  10. Barriers to establish e-business for developing tourism industry: A case study of Kish Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardeshir Tajzadeh Namin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an empirical study for ranking different barriers on developing e-business in one of the free zones called Kish Island in. This Island is located in south part of Iran and it is one of the most beautiful free zones of this country with tremendous opportunities for tourism industry. The proposed study gathers important factors in five different groups of economical, social and cultural, political, technology and software packages. In each group, decision makers determine various influencing factors and after three rounds of brainstorming, analytical hierarchy process is used to rank these factors. Based on the results, the lack of a good infrastructure (0.206, the lack of good culture among ordinary people to use e-businesses (0.205, the lack of good knowledge on internet services among ordinary people (0.204 are some of the most important factors preventing e-business in this region.

  11. E-business Development: The Comparative Study of the Czech Republic and the Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoriya Kulyk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarizes the current basis for e-business development in the EU with the focus on the Czech Republic with comparison with the associated Ukraine. After description of managerial and accountancy aspects for the e-commerce way of selling goods and services and after summarizing the legislative framework there is an analyses for future Human Resources Management according to the needs of Industry 4.0 introduced. After this theoretical part there you can find the comparison of the particular tools for e-business support and training of employees in related services between the Czech Republic and the Ukraine. As conclusion there is a list of recommendation summarized with the focus on how to improve the situation of e-business in nowadays Ukraine.

  12. BARRIERS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF E-BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs IN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Ali Shah G. SYED

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The current research investigates the Barriers in implementation of E-Business Technologies in Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 respondents by using simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed for the data collection and reliability and validity of data. It was revealed that most of the SMEs business owners are not familiar in using internet and in many cases they are not computer literate. It was further revealed that Government should provide some basic computer training to the Small and Medium Enterprises so they will able to use computer. The proper implementation of E-Business technologies in SMEs in Pakistan, Government and other related agencies can initiate E-Business in SMEs to achieve competitive edge.

  13. E-BUSINESS DAN E-COMMERCE SEBAGAI TREND TAKTIK BARU PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harisno Harisno

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the technology rapidly develops. Renewable trend, some companies use Internet-based applications to support product marketing. Not only on promotion activities in order to display the products known by their customers, even some companies use this technology to support transactions, such as selling products to consumers. At present various ways of Internet-based transactions are often found as E-Payment, E-Transaction, E-Money and others, which aims to serve the entire world. E-Commerce is part of the E-Business is used by many corporations and individuals. This research introduced a method of marketing and Internet-based transactions. Examples include using a web blog. It also will discuss the differences between the E-Business with E-Commerce.Keywords: E-Business, E-Commerce, technology

  14. A SITUATION CALCULUS BASED APPROACH TO DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF E-BUSINESS SERVICES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In the era of e-businesses, the traditional business services are greatly challenged by the ever-increasing demands from customers with various backgrounds and personalities. Large numbers of new e-businesses are driven by the needs of customers. The existing dynamics inherent in the customer needs require the corresponding dynamic management of services. Attempting to respond to customers in a rapid and intelligent way, this paper proposes a situation calculus based approach for dynamically managing e-Business services in the ubiquitous environment. By employing the formalism of the situation calculus to enable intelligence and automation, the approach can implement the functions of service automatic composition and model verification. These functions will improve the degree of customer-orientation and enable fast responsiveness in the emerging e-service systems.

  15. E-business in health care: does it contribute to strengthen consumer interest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kertzman, Ed; Janssen, Richard; Ruster, Marijn

    2003-04-01

    One of the goals of the reforms in the European health-care systems over the last two decades has been to make the health-care system more demand-oriented. There is not much known about the possible impact of E-business like approaches on this goal. This paper describes the concept of E-business. Two cases are introduced to illustrate the use of a simple E-business approach in a health-care setting. On the basis of these case studies, we aspect a reduction of the information disadvantages of patients. In our analysis, we also apply new institutional economy concepts, namely agency theory and transaction costs economics to focus on the position of the patient. Concluded is that it is more probable that preferences of demanders are answered by the suppliers of health care.

  16. The interoperability force in the ERP field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boza, Andrés; Cuenca, Llanos; Poler, Raúl; Michaelides, Zenon

    2015-04-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems participate in interoperability projects and this participation sometimes leads to new proposals for the ERP field. The aim of this paper is to identify the role that interoperability plays in the evolution of ERP systems. To go about this, ERP systems have been first identified within interoperability frameworks. Second, the initiatives in the ERP field driven by interoperability requirements have been identified from two perspectives: technological and business. The ERP field is evolving from classical ERP as information system integrators to a new generation of fully interoperable ERP. Interoperability is changing the way of running business, and ERP systems are changing to adapt to the current stream of interoperability.

  17. New challenges for logistics providers in the e-business era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Companies that operate nowadays and provide logistics services are changing their own business attitudes while searching for new ways of development. They focus their searches on qualifications and common usage of information and communication technologies. Presentation of changes that might occur in the supply chain through introduction of e-business solutions for logistics providers is the main goal of this paper. E-business, as a commonly used term, on one hand causes many misunderstandings related to defining and on the other hand gives new possibilities of development and emergences of new services based on the Internet.

  18. Building an E-business System Using Enterprise JavaBeans Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of using Enterprise JavaBeans to build an e-business system. First, the authors point out some difficulties during building an e-business sy stem. For example, how can we integrate all kinds of software and hardware i n company quickly and economically Then the authors introduce a representative EJB structure and currently EJB deve loping approaches. A representative EJB structure includes an EJB Server, EJB Co ntainers, EJB Clients and JNDI etc. An EJB Server is similar...

  19. Comparison Latent Semantic and WordNet Approach for Semantic Similarity Calculation

    CERN Document Server

    Wicaksana, I Wayan Simri

    2011-01-01

    Information exchange among many sources in Internet is more autonomous, dynamic and free. The situation drive difference view of concepts among sources. For example, word 'bank' has meaning as economic institution for economy domain, but for ecology domain it will be defined as slope of river or lake. In this aper, we will evaluate latent semantic and WordNet approach to calculate semantic similarity. The evaluation will be run for some concepts from different domain with reference by expert or human. Result of the evaluation can provide a contribution for mapping of concept, query rewriting, interoperability, etc.

  20. Auto-Generated Semantic Processing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Rodney; Hupf, Greg

    2009-01-01

    Auto-Generated Semantic Processing (AGSP) Services is a suite of software tools for automated generation of other computer programs, denoted cross-platform semantic adapters, that support interoperability of computer-based communication systems that utilize a variety of both new and legacy communication software running in a variety of operating- system/computer-hardware combinations. AGSP has numerous potential uses in military, space-exploration, and other government applications as well as in commercial telecommunications. The cross-platform semantic adapters take advantage of common features of computer- based communication systems to enforce semantics, messaging protocols, and standards of processing of streams of binary data to ensure integrity of data and consistency of meaning among interoperating systems. The auto-generation aspect of AGSP Services reduces development time and effort by emphasizing specification and minimizing implementation: In effect, the design, building, and debugging of software for effecting conversions among complex communication protocols, custom device mappings, and unique data-manipulation algorithms is replaced with metadata specifications that map to an abstract platform-independent communications model. AGSP Services is modular and has been shown to be easily integrable into new and legacy NASA flight and ground communication systems.

  1. Semantic Desktop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauermann, Leo; Kiesel, Malte; Schumacher, Kinga; Bernardi, Ansgar

    In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, wie der Arbeitsplatz der Zukunft aussehen könnte und wo das Semantic Web neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet. Dazu werden Ansätze aus dem Bereich Semantic Web, Knowledge Representation, Desktop-Anwendungen und Visualisierung vorgestellt, die es uns ermöglichen, die bestehenden Daten eines Benutzers neu zu interpretieren und zu verwenden. Dabei bringt die Kombination von Semantic Web und Desktop Computern besondere Vorteile - ein Paradigma, das unter dem Titel Semantic Desktop bekannt ist. Die beschriebenen Möglichkeiten der Applikationsintegration sind aber nicht auf den Desktop beschränkt, sondern können genauso in Web-Anwendungen Verwendung finden.

  2. Understanding semantics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Torben

    1997-01-01

    Understanding natural language is a cognitive, information-driven process. Discussing some of the consequences of this fact, the paper offers a novel look at the semantic effect of lexical nouns and the identification of reference types.......Understanding natural language is a cognitive, information-driven process. Discussing some of the consequences of this fact, the paper offers a novel look at the semantic effect of lexical nouns and the identification of reference types....

  3. Selection of Server-Side Technologies for an E-Business Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandvig, J. Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The rapid growth of e-business and e-commerce has made server-side programming an increasingly important topic in information systems (IS) and computer science (CS) curricula. This article presents an overview of the major features of several popular server-side programming technologies and discusses the factors that influence the selection of…

  4. Perceptions of Accounting Practitioners and Educators on E-Business Curriculum and Web Security Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragothaman, Srinivasan; Lavin, Angeline; Davies, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    This research examines, through survey administration, the perceptions of accounting practitioners and educators with respect to the multi-faceted security issues of e-commerce payment systems as well as e-business curriculum issues. Specific security issues explored include misuse/theft of personal and credit card information, spam e-mails,…

  5. High Technology Service Value Maximization through an MCDM-Based Innovative e-Business Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chi-Yo; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung; Ho, Wen-Rong; Chuang, Hsiu-Tyan; Lue, Yeou-Feng

    The emergence of the Internet has changed the high technology marketing channels thoroughly in the past decade while E-commerce has already become one of the most efficient channels which high technology firms may skip the intermediaries and reach end customers directly. However, defining appropriate e-business models for commercializing new high technology products or services through Internet are not that easy. To overcome the above mentioned problems, a novel analytic framework based on the concept of high technology customers’ competence set expansion by leveraging high technology service firms’ capabilities and resources as well as novel multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques, will be proposed in order to define an appropriate e-business model. An empirical example study of a silicon intellectual property (SIP) commercialization e-business model based on MCDM techniques will be provided for verifying the effectiveness of this novel analytic framework. The analysis successful assisted a Taiwanese IC design service firm to define an e-business model for maximizing its customer’s SIP transactions. In the future, the novel MCDM framework can be applied successful to novel business model definitions in the high technology industry.

  6. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  7. Categorizing Health Websites: E-Knowledge, E-Business and E-Professional

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usher, Wayne; Skinner, James

    2011-01-01

    This article presents three types of health website categories (e-knowledge, e-business and e-professional) which are currently being used to disseminate health-related information, services and medical literature to the health consumer and professional. Moreover, criteria which have been used to establish a health website's category is…

  8. A Framework of Successful E-Business Incubator for Indonesian Public Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Gozali

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In many developed countries, many business incubators take part to help starts-up company to develop their own business; especially the baby born business cannot compete with the giant industries that have become the old business players. Universities play an important role in motivating young graduates to become technology entrepreneur. Unemployment in Indonesia is still the main issue for the government program to increase welfare in the future. In year 2014 the data from Statistic Center of Indonesia state that Indonesia has 4% unemployment from Indonesia’ work generation. In Indonesia, incubators has been developed since 1992 initiated by the government, Cooperative Department and also universities. This effort continued in 1997 when there was a program called the Development of Entrepreneurship Culture in universities, and of its activity was New Entrepreneur Incubator. The objectives of the research are to investigate the success factor for e-business incubator, and to propose and develop a framework for successful e-business incubator for public universities in Indonesia. Research location is in Indonesia for the public universities that have their e-business incubator. This research will conduct quantitative and qualitative analyses based on data collection from incubator managers and business founders in Indonesia. The result of this research is a framework for successful e-business incubator in Indonesian public universities.

  9. Perceptions of Accounting Practitioners and Educators on E-Business Curriculum and Web Security Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragothaman, Srinivasan; Lavin, Angeline; Davies, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    This research examines, through survey administration, the perceptions of accounting practitioners and educators with respect to the multi-faceted security issues of e-commerce payment systems as well as e-business curriculum issues. Specific security issues explored include misuse/theft of personal and credit card information, spam e-mails,…

  10. The Influence of Installed Technologies on Future Adoption Decisions: Empirical Evidence from E-Business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ph.D. Koellinger (Philipp); C. Schade (Christian)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis paper studies the adoption times of various e-business technologies in a large sample of firms from 10 different industry sectors and 25 European countries between 1994 and 2002. The results show that the probability of adoption increases with the number of previously adopted

  11. Selection of Server-Side Technologies for an E-Business Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandvig, J. Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The rapid growth of e-business and e-commerce has made server-side programming an increasingly important topic in information systems (IS) and computer science (CS) curricula. This article presents an overview of the major features of several popular server-side programming technologies and discusses the factors that influence the selection of…

  12. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  13. Categorizing Health Websites: E-Knowledge, E-Business and E-Professional

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usher, Wayne; Skinner, James

    2011-01-01

    This article presents three types of health website categories (e-knowledge, e-business and e-professional) which are currently being used to disseminate health-related information, services and medical literature to the health consumer and professional. Moreover, criteria which have been used to establish a health website's category is…

  14. E-Business in Education. What You Need To Know: Building Competencies for Tomorrow's Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Donald M.; Olson, Mark A.

    This guidebook is based on the belief that e-business applications will transform academia and academic support experiences, with learners participating in distributed learning environments that mix physical and virtual learning resources in many combinations, and it offers insights into the strategies and planning needed to develop a college…

  15. Training and Human Resource Issues in Small E-Businesses: Towards a Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matlay, Harry

    2004-01-01

    A great deal has been written in recent years about the internet and the emergence of e-businesses operating in the global e-economy. Although a small proportion of the expanding literature on this topic is based on empirically rigorous research, the bulk of publications tend to be of limited value to small business owner/managers. Furthermore,…

  16. E-business Adoption amongst SMEs: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azyanee Luqman

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of e-business amongst small and medium sized enterprises in the state of Terengganu, Malaysia is still quite low. Hence, identifying the success factors that contribute to e-business adoption is crucial. This article examines the factors that determine the e-business adoption amongst small and medium enterprises and its causal effects using a theoretical model based on the Innovation Diffusion Theory. The research model consists of five exogenous latent constructs, namely relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability. Data relating to the constructs were collected from 337 small and medium sized enterprises located in the state of Terengganu, Malaysia and subjected to Structural Equation Modeling analysis. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA was performed to examine the reliability, construct validity, convergent validity and goodness of fit of individual construct and measurement models. The hypothesized structural model fits the data well. Results indicate that the significant factor that leads to the adoption of e-business is compatibility. Finally, implications and suggestions of these findings are discussed.

  17. Extravehicular activity space suit interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skoog, A. Ingemar; McBarron, James W.; Severin, Guy I.

    1995-10-01

    The European Agency (ESA) and the Russian Space Agency (RKA) are jointly developing a new space suit system for improved extravehicular activity (EVA) capabilities in support of the MIR Space Station Programme, the EVA Suit 2000. Recent national policy agreements between the U.S. and Russia on planned cooperations in manned space also include joint extravehicular activity (EVA). With an increased number of space suit systems and a higher operational frequency towards the end of this century an improved interoperability for both routine and emergency operations is of eminent importance. It is thus timely to report the current status of ongoing work on international EVA interoperability being conducted by the Committee on EVA Protocols and Operations of the International Academy of Astronautics initialed in 1991. This paper summarises the current EVA interoperability issues to be harmonised and presents quantified vehicle interface requirements for the current U.S. Shuttle EMU and Russian MIR Orlan DMA and the new European/Russian EVA Suit 2000 extravehicular systems. Major critical/incompatible interfaces for suits/mothercraft of different combinations arc discussed, and recommendations for standardisations given.

  18. Extravehicular activity space suit interoperability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skoog, A I; McBarron JW 2nd; Severin, G I

    1995-10-01

    The European Agency (ESA) and the Russian Space Agency (RKA) are jointly developing a new space suit system for improved extravehicular activity (EVA) capabilities in support of the MIR Space Station Programme, the EVA Suit 2000. Recent national policy agreements between the U.S. and Russia on planned cooperations in manned space also include joint extravehicular activity (EVA). With an increased number of space suit systems and a higher operational frequency towards the end of this century an improved interoperability for both routine and emergency operations is of eminent importance. It is thus timely to report the current status of ongoing work on international EVA interoperability being conducted by the Committee on EVA Protocols and Operations of the International Academy of Astronauts initiated in 1991. This paper summarises the current EVA interoperability issues to be harmonised and presents quantified vehicle interface requirements for the current U.S. Shuttle EMU and Russian MIR Orlan DMA and the new European/Russian EVA Suit 2000 extravehicular systems. Major critical/incompatible interfaces for suits/mother-craft of different combinations are discussed, and recommendations for standardisations given.

  19. Environment Observation System based on Semantics in the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Hu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is rapidly developing in recent years. A number of devices connect with the Internet. Hence, the interoperability, which is the access and interpretation of unambiguous data, is strongly needed by distributed and heterogeneous devices. The semantics promotes the interoperability in the Internet of Things using ontology to provide precise definition of concepts and relations. In this paper, we demonstrate the importance of the semantics in three aspects: firstly, the semantics means that the machines could understand and respond to the human command. Secondly, the semantics is mainly reflected in the ontology of the physical world. Thirdly, the semantics is important for interoperability, data integration and reasoning. Then, we introduce a semantic approach to construct an environment observation system in the Internet of Things. The environment observation system contains three major components, the first is the ontology of the environment observation system, the second is the semantic map of the environment observation system, and the last is exposing the observation data. Finally, the system publishes the environment observation data on the Web successfully. The environment observation system with semantics provides a better service in the Internet of Things

  20. An explanatory model of the organizational factors that explain the adoption of E-business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Beatriz García-Moreno

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to describe the factors that facilitate the adoption of e-business in firms. To go in deep on the factors, resources and capabilities that need to be present in those firms seeking to improve their levels of e-business adoption. Design/methodology/approach: analysis of the literature involving the main theories on business administration, and more specifically, on those related to technology innovation (TI and information systems (IS, as applicable to the organizational factors that explain the adoption of e-business. Findings: it identifies three main sources of influence: a first group covers the characteristics of the actual firm, which refer to the organisation’s specific features: firm size, the backing of top management, expected benefit, age, the level of human capital, and international projection. A second group of factors includes technology-related characteristics. The third group contains all those aspects in the environment that may affect the firm’s attitude to e-business. Research limitations/implications: the chosen variables play significant role following a review of the studies on the subject, but not all potential ones have been included. The variables have been chosen in view of the large number of studies that have reported conclusive results. Practical implications: the model presented is designed to enable both scholars in this field and decision-makers in strategic matters to reflect upon those aspects that may drive the adoption of e-business, and thereby help them to make more informed decisions on the matter. Social implications: In highly competitive industries, firms need to keep themselves permanently up to speed with technological advances and strategic innovations Originality/value: it is the first study that considers three different perspectives: the organizational, the technological and the environmental one.

  1. A COMPARISON OF ICT USE (E-BUSINESS TOOLS IN COMPANIES OF SELECTED COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Petrtyl

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies (ICT are definitely a phenomenon that has changed our world. According to the European Commission (2008, p.13: “ICT is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide array of systems, devices and services used for data processing (the information side of ICT as well as telecommunications equipment and services for data transmission and communication (the communication side”. Institutions such as for instance Eurostat deal with statistical monitoring and classification of ICT use at companies. The presented research is focused on the comparison of e-business in selected countries. For the purposes of the research study, the data available from the open electronic database of Eurostat (2013 for analyses of ICT use in a business sector were used. A composite indicator was established and the level of e-business (a notion introduced by the European Commission, 2010 in selected countries in categories: Business information systems, Purchase and sale, Cooperation within SCM, and Education, communication and remote access was monitored. The attention was paid to the differences in monitored categories for SMEs and large enterprises. The contribution of the presented study is to mediate a picture of the implementation of e-business tools in selected EU countries on the basis of the large database of Eurostat (2013. The comparison between the Czech Republic and Germany, but also between other relevant competitors from the Visegrad group shows the Czech level of e-business. The outputs also show that the level of e-business at SMEs is lower than at large enterprises, that is in all selected countries.

  2. An explanatory model of the organizational factors that explain the adoption of E-business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    García-Moreno, M.B.; García-Moreno, S.; Nájera-Sánchez, J.J.; Pablos-Heredero, C. de

    2016-07-01

    Purpose: to describe the factors that facilitate the adoption of e-business in firms. To go in deep on the factors, resources and capabilities that need to be present in those firms seeking to improve their levels of e-business adoption. Analysis of the literature involving the main theories on business administration, and more specifically, on those related to technology innovation (TI) and information systems (IS), as applicable to the organizational factors that explain the adoption of e-business. Findings: it identifies three main sources of influence: a first group covers the characteristics of the actual firm, which refer to the organisation’s specific features: firm size, the backing of top management, expected benefit, age, the level of human capital, and international projection. A second group of factors includes technology-related characteristics. The third group contains all those aspects in the environment that may affect the firm’s attitude to e-business. Research limitations/implications: the chosen variables play significant role following a review of the studies on the subject, but not all potential ones have been included. The variables have been chosen in view of the large number of studies that have reported conclusive results. Practical implications: the model presented is designed to enable both scholars in this field and decision-makers in strategic matters to reflect upon those aspects that may drive the adoption of e-business, and thereby help them to make more informed decisions on the matter. Social implications: In highly competitive industries, firms need to keep themselves permanently up to speed with technological advances and strategic innovations Originality/value: it is the first study that considers three different perspectives: the organizational, the technological and the environmental one. (Author)

  3. Vocabulary services to support scientific data interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Simon; Mills, Katie; Tan, Florence

    2013-04-01

    Shared vocabularies are a core element in interoperable systems. Vocabularies need to be available at run-time, and where the vocabularies are shared by a distributed community this implies the use of web technology to provide vocabulary services. Given the ubiquity of vocabularies or classifiers in systems, vocabulary services are effectively the base of the interoperability stack. In contemporary knowledge organization systems, a vocabulary item is considered a concept, with the "terms" denoting it appearing as labels. The Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) formalizes this as an RDF Schema (RDFS) application, with a bridge to formal logic in Web Ontology Language (OWL). For maximum utility, a vocabulary should be made available through the following interfaces: * the vocabulary as a whole - at an ontology URI corresponding to a vocabulary document * each item in the vocabulary - at the item URI * summaries, subsets, and resources derived by transformation * through the standard RDF web API - i.e. a SPARQL endpoint * through a query form for human users. However, the vocabulary data model may be leveraged directly in a standard vocabulary API that uses the semantics provided by SKOS. SISSvoc3 [1] accomplishes this as a standard set of URI templates for a vocabulary. Any URI comforming to the template selects a vocabulary subset based on the SKOS properties, including labels (skos:prefLabel, skos:altLabel, rdfs:label) and a subset of the semantic relations (skos:broader, skos:narrower, etc). SISSvoc3 thus provides a RESTFul SKOS API to query a vocabulary, but hiding the complexity of SPARQL. It has been implemented using the Linked Data API (LDA) [2], which connects to a SPARQL endpoint. By using LDA, we also get content-negotiation, alternative views, paging, metadata and other functionality provided in a standard way. A number of vocabularies have been formalized in SKOS and deployed by CSIRO, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) and their

  4. Interoperability Issues for VPN IPsec Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian Danalachi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available An issue of testing that should be taken into consideration is the compatibility and interoperability of the IPsec components when implementing an IPsec solution. This article will guide us trough some key point introductive notions involved in the interoperability problem, we’ll see a short overview of some of these problems and afterwards we will discuss about some of the testing solutions of IPsec interoperability that we should take into consideration.

  5. Coalition Interoperability Measurement Frameworks Literature Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    IEEE Military Communications Conference, vol. 1. 2. Found at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ Xplore /login.jsp?url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fsta...Comment 1 1 1 SoIM 1980 Spectrum of interoperabilityInteroperability in Defense Communications, IEEE Trans. Comm., 1980 •Gilbert E. LaVean 2 2 2 QoIM...Interoperability 2.2.1 Document Sourcing Details 1. LeVean G. (1980), “Interoperability in Defense Communications”, IEEE Transactions on

  6. Semantic SenseLab: Implementing the vision of the Semantic Web in neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samwald, Matthias; Chen, Huajun; Ruttenberg, Alan; Lim, Ernest; Marenco, Luis; Miller, Perry; Shepherd, Gordon; Cheung, Kei-Hoi

    2010-01-01

    Integrative neuroscience research needs a scalable informatics framework that enables semantic integration of diverse types of neuroscience data. This paper describes the use of the Web Ontology Language (OWL) and other Semantic Web technologies for the representation and integration of molecular-level data provided by several of SenseLab suite of neuroscience databases. Based on the original database structure, we semi-automatically translated the databases into OWL ontologies with manual addition of semantic enrichment. The SenseLab ontologies are extensively linked to other biomedical Semantic Web resources, including the Subcellular Anatomy Ontology, Brain Architecture Management System, the Gene Ontology, BIRNLex and UniProt. The SenseLab ontologies have also been mapped to the Basic Formal Ontology and Relation Ontology, which helps ease interoperability with many other existing and future biomedical ontologies for the Semantic Web. In addition, approaches to representing contradictory research statements are described. The SenseLab ontologies are designed for use on the Semantic Web that enables their integration into a growing collection of biomedical information resources. We demonstrate that our approach can yield significant potential benefits and that the Semantic Web is rapidly becoming mature enough to realize its anticipated promises. The ontologies are available online at http://neuroweb.med.yale.edu/senselab/. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Governance of Interoperability in Intergovernmental Services - Towards an Empirical Taxonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert Kubicek

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available High quality and comfortable online delivery of governmental services often requires the seamless exchange of data between two or more government agencies. Smooth data exchange, in turn, requires interoperability of the databases and workflows in the agencies involved. Interoperability (IOP is a complex issue covering purely technical aspects such as transmission protocols and data exchange formats, but also content-related semantic aspects such as identifiers and the meaning of codes as well as organizational, contractual or legal issues. Starting from IOP frameworks which provide classifications of what has to be standardized, this paper, based on an ongoing research project, adopts a political and managerial view and tries to clarify the governance of achieving IOP, i.e. where and by whom IOPstandards are developed and established and how they are put into operation. By analyzing 32 cases of successful implementation of IOP in E-Government services within the European Union empirical indicators for different aspects of governance are proposed and applied to develop an empirical taxonomy of different types of IOP governance which can be used for future comparative research regarding success factors, barriers etc.

  8. THE NEED TO USE DATA MINING TECHNIQUES IN E-BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Elena Dinucă

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The number of Internet users rose from 400 million in 2000 to just over 2 billion in early 2011. This means that approximately one third of the world's population uses the internet. Taking these conditions into consideration, the way how businesses are designed need to be changed Many companies that, over the last century could not even dream that could have a certain volume of activity or they could face competition with industry giants, have succeeded in giving to enjoy great success. For example: Amazon.com, founded in 1995, had in 1999 a turnover of at least 13 times higher than other prestigious names in the U.S., such as Barnes & Noble and Borders Books & Music. E-business is the key to make life easier for the people. Knowledge of e-business environment is essential for doing business in this century. More must be understood and new technologies applied to extract knowledge from data.

  9. Mapping of Core Components Based e-Business Standards into Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magdalenić, Ivan; Vrdoljak, Boris; Schatten, Markus

    A mapping of Core Components specification based e-business standards to an ontology is presented. The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is used for ontology development. In order to preserve the existing hierarchy of the standards, an emphasis is put on the mapping of Core Components elements to specific constructs in OWL. The main purpose of developing an e-business standards' ontology is to create a foundation for an automated mapping system that would be able to convert concepts from various standards in an independent fashion. The practical applicability and verification of the presented mappings is tested on the mapping of Universal Business Language version 2.0 and Cross Industry Invoice version 2.0 to OWL.

  10. E-business and its Application in Conditions of Central European Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naci Tolga Saruc

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim of this paper is highlighting possibilities in effective utilization of Information and Communication Technologies for supporting entrepreneurship (e-business for Small and Medium enterprises. The core research carried on for duration of twelve months covered analysis and following presentation of possibilities of practical utilization of e-business applications. Furthermore research was oriented towards innovative forms of marketing communication in Real Corporation conducting business in Central European market. Analyzing data on collected findings can add value towards gaining a significant competitive advantage in form of better understanding of real facts influencing entrepreneurship in principle. This can lead consequently to positive influence on corporate effectiveness in the environment of Small and Medium enterprises.

  11. Generative Semantics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagha, Karim Nazari

    2011-01-01

    Generative semantics is (or perhaps was) a research program within linguistics, initiated by the work of George Lakoff, John R. Ross, Paul Postal and later McCawley. The approach developed out of transformational generative grammar in the mid 1960s, but stood largely in opposition to work by Noam Chomsky and his students. The nature and genesis of…

  12. An Assessment System on the Semantic Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radenković, Sonja; Krdžavac, Nenad; Devedžić, Vladan

    This paper presents a way to develop a modern assessment system on the Semantic Web. The system is based on the IMS QTI standard (question and test interoperability) and designed by applying the model driven architecture software engineering standards. It uses the XML meta-data interchange specification and ontologies. We propose the framework for assessment systems that is reusable, extensible, and that facilitates interoperability between its component systems. The central idea here is using description logic reasoning techniques for intelligent analysis of students' solutions of the problems they are working on during assessment sessions with the system, in order to process open-ended questions. This innovative approach can be applied in the IMS QTI standard.

  13. Enhancing Customer Service Operations in E-Business: The Emotional Dimension

    OpenAIRE

    David Barnes; R. Halloway

    2005-01-01

    In today’s increasingly competitive markets, greater emphasis is being placed on customer service as a means of achieving competitive advantage. Many organizations believe that e-business can provide opportunities to improve customer service operations by enabling them to get closer to the customer and enhance the organization-to-customer contact experience. However, use of the Internet fundamentally changes the nature of the customer contact experience. This article investigates this pheno...

  14. Policy, economic, and industry repercussions of current e-business diffusion rate In European food industry

    OpenAIRE

    Vlachos, Ilias

    2005-01-01

    European policy is focussed on promoting the business techniques and new ways of working which will provide the economic and social foundation of the information society in Europe. To help policy makers define their programmes, and to monitor the effectiveness of these policies, it is essential to examine progress as well as identify areas requiring active support. This study examined the repercussions of e-business progress in the food sector based on the findings of a large quantitative sur...

  15. Website Traffics Acquisition Model for E-Business using Search Engine Optimization and Sitemap Submission (SEOSS)

    OpenAIRE

    ZULAZEZE SAHRI

    2016-01-01

    Abstract—It is inevitable to accept that today’s business trends focus on selling products online using the latest web application system and website marketing tools. This phenomenon creates a high competition on search engine ranking among website owners in gaining business leads, visitor traffics and acquisitions. This paper proposed a model on improving e-business traffics acquisitions in terms of the number of new visitors (traffics) and returning visitors using Search Engine Optimization...

  16. Understanding the implementation of e-business strategies: Evidence from Luxembourg

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Ludivine

    2009-01-01

    Our empirical study aims at identifying the drivers of the implementation of an e-business strategy by firms located in Luxembourg. The setting up of such a strategy is apprehended through the website and the type of strategy through the functionalities available on the Internet. Thus we distinguish an information-oriented strategy from a commercially oriented one. Probit analyses and models derived from count data models are conducted on a dataset of website investments by about 1100 firms l...

  17. A Qualitative Study of E-Business Adoption in the Real Estate Sector in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YAN SUN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate e-business adoption into real estate agencies in China. This research focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of IT/IS (Information Technology/Information Systems integration through face to face interviews with property agency managers in Suzhou. Particularly, it looks into the real estate sector in China today and provides implications to improve service quality and stay competitive within local real estate agencies in Suzhou, China.

  18. Determinants and Role of Trust in E-Business: A Large Scale Empirical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Sultan, Fareena.; Urban, Glen; Shankar, Venkatesh; Bart, Iakov

    2003-01-01

    This research investigates the determinants and role of consumer trust in e-business. It examines consumer perceptions of trust in a Web site and addresses the following key research questions: What factors influence consumer trust in a Web site and what specific Web site trust cues are associated with these factors? How does trust affect consumer behavioral intent on a Web site? To address these questions, we develop a conceptual model that links consumer perceptions of Web site characterist...

  19. Towards a stepwise improvement tool for construction \\ud e-Business: conceptual approach

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo, Anushi; Perera, Srinath; Udeaja, Chika; Zhou, Lei

    2011-01-01

    The higher pace of development of technology has had momentous effects on all aspects of the business sector. Electronic ways of conducting business activities have taken the industry to a new era and construction organizations are moving away from traditional processes to modern ways of working through the use of electronic media. The impact of the current economic crisis has also made the use of e-business activities vital and essential to achieve better performance, productivity improvemen...

  20. Interoperability of Web Archives and Digital Libraries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalb, Hendrik; Lazaridou, Paraskevi; Pinsent, Edward

    2013-01-01

    The interoperability of web archives and digital libraries is crucial to avoid silos of preserved data and content. While various researches focus on specfic facets of the challenge to interoperate, there is a lack of empirical work about the overall situation of actual challenges. We conduct...

  1. Analyzing Interoperability of Protocols Using Model Checking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WUPeng

    2005-01-01

    In practical terms, protocol interoperability testing is still laborious and error-prone with little effect, even for those products that have passed conformance testing. Deadlock and unsymmetrical data communication are familiar in interoperability testing, and it is always very hard to trace their causes. The previous work has not provided a coherent way to analyze why the interoperability was broken among protocol implementations under test. In this paper, an alternative approach is presented to analyzing these problems from a viewpoint of implementation structures. Sequential and concurrent structures are both representative implementation structures, especially in event-driven development model. Our research mainly discusses the influence of sequential and concurrent structures on interoperability, with two instructive conclusions: (a) a sequential structure may lead to deadlock; (b) a concurrent structure may lead to unsymmetrical data communication. Therefore, implementation structures carry weight on interoperability, which may not gain much attention before. To some extent, they are decisive on the result of interoperability testing. Moreover, a concurrent structure with a sound task-scheduling strategy may contribute to the interoperability of a protocol implementation. Herein model checking technique is introduced into interoperability analysis for the first time. As the paper shows, it is an effective way to validate developers' selections on implementation structures or strategies.

  2. Interoperation Modeling for Intelligent Domotic Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonino, Dario; Corno, Fulvio

    This paper introduces an ontology-based model for domotic device inter-operation. Starting from a previously published ontology (DogOnt) a refactoring and extension is described allowing to explicitly represent device capabilities, states and commands, and supporting abstract modeling of device inter-operation.

  3. Model for Trans-sector Digital Interoperability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Madureira, A.; Den Hartog, F.; Silva, E.; Baken, N.

    2010-01-01

    Interoperability refers to the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged. The importance of interoperability has grown together with the adoption of Digital Information Networks (DINs). DINs refer to information networks s

  4. Innovation in OGC: The Interoperability Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Percivall

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The OGC Interoperability Program is a source of innovation in the development of open standards. The approach to innovation is based on hands-on; collaborative engineering leading to more mature standards and implementations. The process of the Interoperability Program engages a community of sponsors and participants based on an economic model that benefits all involved. Each initiative begins with an innovative approach to identify interoperability needs followed by agile software development to advance the state of technology to the benefit of society. Over eighty initiatives have been conducted in the Interoperability Program since the breakthrough Web Mapping Testbed began the program in 1999. OGC standards that were initiated in Interoperability Program are the basis of two thirds of the certified compliant products.

  5. Semantic Architecture for Web application Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Razzaq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Growth of web applications has facilitated the humanity almost in all aspects of life especially e-health, e-business and e-communication but this application are exposed for web attacks, unauthorized access, evil intentions and treacherous engagements. Various strategies have been formulated over a period of time in the form of intrusion detection system, encryption devices, and firewalls but still proved to be ineffective. In this paper, we have proposed a system having semantic architecture that is capable of performing detection semantically in the context of HTTP protocol, the data, and the target application. The knowledgebase of the system is the ontological representation of communication protocol, attacks data and the application profile that can be refined and expanded over time. Unlike traditional signature base approach, the semantic architecture analysis the HTTP request with the help of semantic rules and inferred knowledge after reasoning of knowledgebase through Inference engine. Non signature based approach of the system enhance the capability of the system to detect the unknown attacks with low false positive rate. The system is evaluated by comparing with existing open source solutions and showing significant improvement in term of detection ability with low alarm rate

  6. Interoperability of Geographic Information: A Communication Process –Based Prototype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Brodeur

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Since 1990, municipal, state/provincial, and federal governments have developed numerous geographic databases over the years to fulfill organizations' specific needs. As such, same real world topographic phenomena have been abstracted differently, for instance vegetation (surface, trees (surface, wooded area (line, wooded area (point and line, milieu boisé (surface, zone boisée (unknown geometry. Today, information about these geographic phenomena is accessible on the Internet from Web infrastructures specially developed to simplify their access. Early in the nineties, the development of interoperability of geographic information has been undertaken to solve syntactic, structural, and semantic heterogeneities as well as spatial and temporal heterogeneities to facilitate sharing and integration of such data. Recently, we have proposed a new conceptual framework for interoperability of geographic information based on the human communication process, cognitive science, and ontology, and introduced geosemantic proximity, a reasoning methodology to qualify dynamically the semantic similarity between geographic abstractions. This framework could be of interest to other disciplines. This paper presents the details of our framework for interoperability of geographic information as well as a prototype.

  7. Integrated Semantics Service Platform for the Internet of Things: A Case Study of a Smart Office

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minwoo Ryu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT allows machines and devices in the world to connect with each other and generate a huge amount of data, which has a great potential to provide useful knowledge across service domains. Combining the context of IoT with semantic technologies, we can build integrated semantic systems to support semantic interoperability. In this paper, we propose an integrated semantic service platform (ISSP to support ontological models in various IoT-based service domains of a smart city. In particular, we address three main problems for providing integrated semantic services together with IoT systems: semantic discovery, dynamic semantic representation, and semantic data repository for IoT resources. To show the feasibility of the ISSP, we develop a prototype service for a smart office using the ISSP, which can provide a preset, personalized office environment by interpreting user text input via a smartphone. We also discuss a scenario to show how the ISSP-based method would help build a smart city, where services in each service domain can discover and exploit IoT resources that are wanted across domains. We expect that our method could eventually contribute to providing people in a smart city with more integrated, comprehensive services based on semantic interoperability.

  8. Integrated semantics service platform for the Internet of Things: a case study of a smart office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Minwoo; Kim, Jaeho; Yun, Jaeseok

    2015-01-19

    The Internet of Things (IoT) allows machines and devices in the world to connect with each other and generate a huge amount of data, which has a great potential to provide useful knowledge across service domains. Combining the context of IoT with semantic technologies, we can build integrated semantic systems to support semantic interoperability. In this paper, we propose an integrated semantic service platform (ISSP) to support ontological models in various IoT-based service domains of a smart city. In particular, we address three main problems for providing integrated semantic services together with IoT systems: semantic discovery, dynamic semantic representation, and semantic data repository for IoT resources. To show the feasibility of the ISSP, we develop a prototype service for a smart office using the ISSP, which can provide a preset, personalized office environment by interpreting user text input via a smartphone. We also discuss a scenario to show how the ISSP-based method would help build a smart city, where services in each service domain can discover and exploit IoT resources that are wanted across domains. We expect that our method could eventually contribute to providing people in a smart city with more integrated, comprehensive services based on semantic interoperability.

  9. Model and Interoperability using Meta Data Annotations

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, O.

    2011-12-01

    Software frameworks and architectures are in need for meta data to efficiently support model integration. Modelers have to know the context of a model, often stepping into modeling semantics and auxiliary information usually not provided in a concise structure and universal format, consumable by a range of (modeling) tools. XML often seems the obvious solution for capturing meta data, but its wide adoption to facilitate model interoperability is limited by XML schema fragmentation, complexity, and verbosity outside of a data-automation process. Ontologies seem to overcome those shortcomings, however the practical significance of their use remains to be demonstrated. OMS version 3 took a different approach for meta data representation. The fundamental building block of a modular model in OMS is a software component representing a single physical process, calibration method, or data access approach. Here, programing language features known as Annotations or Attributes were adopted. Within other (non-modeling) frameworks it has been observed that annotations lead to cleaner and leaner application code. Framework-supported model integration, traditionally accomplished using Application Programming Interfaces (API) calls is now achieved using descriptive code annotations. Fully annotated components for various hydrological and Ag-system models now provide information directly for (i) model assembly and building, (ii) data flow analysis for implicit multi-threading or visualization, (iii) automated and comprehensive model documentation of component dependencies, physical data properties, (iv) automated model and component testing, calibration, and optimization, and (v) automated audit-traceability to account for all model resources leading to a particular simulation result. Such a non-invasive methodology leads to models and modeling components with only minimal dependencies on the modeling framework but a strong reference to its originating code. Since models and

  10. Interoperable Solar Data and Metadata via LISIRD 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Lindholm, D. M.; Pankratz, C. K.; Snow, M. A.; Woods, T. N.

    2015-12-01

    LISIRD 3 is a major upgrade of the LASP Interactive Solar Irradiance Data Center (LISIRD), which serves several dozen space based solar irradiance and related data products to the public. Through interactive plots, LISIRD 3 provides data browsing supported by data subsetting and aggregation. Incorporating a semantically enabled metadata repository, LISIRD 3 users see current, vetted, consistent information about the datasets offered. Users can now also search for datasets based on metadata fields such as dataset type and/or spectral or temporal range. This semantic database enables metadata browsing, so users can discover the relationships between datasets, instruments, spacecraft, mission and PI. The database also enables creation and publication of metadata records in a variety of formats, such as SPASE or ISO, making these datasets more discoverable. The database also enables the possibility of a public SPARQL endpoint, making the metadata browsable in an automated fashion. LISIRD 3's data access middleware, LaTiS, provides dynamic, on demand reformatting of data and timestamps, subsetting and aggregation, and other server side functionality via a RESTful OPeNDAP compliant API, enabling interoperability between LASP datasets and many common tools. LISIRD 3's templated front end design, coupled with the uniform data interface offered by LaTiS, allows easy integration of new datasets. Consequently the number and variety of datasets offered by LISIRD has grown to encompass several dozen, with many more to come. This poster will discuss design and implementation of LISIRD 3, including tools used, capabilities enabled, and issues encountered.

  11. Improving IEC 61850 interoperability : experiences and recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niejahr, J. [Siemens Canada Ltd., Mississauga, ON (Canada); Englert, H.; Dawidczak, H. [Siemens AG, Munich (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The worldwide established communication standard for power utility automation is the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850. The key drivers for its use are performance, reduced life-cycle costs and interoperability. The major application of IEC 61850 is in substation automation, where practical experience from thousands of installations has been realized. Most of these installations are primarily single-vendor solutions with some special devices from other vendors, while only a few are full multivendor systems. These multivendor projects showed that the interoperability capabilities of the available products and systems are currently limited, requiring additional engineering efforts. This paper provided a definition of interoperability in the context of IEC 61850 and discussed the experiences collected in multivendor projects and interoperability tests. It identified the technical reasons for limited interoperability. In order to help overcome the interoperability limitations and allow the exchange of devices with a minimum of re-engineering, a new concept for flexible IEC 61850 data modeling was also presented. Recommendations were offered as to how this concept could be applied in practice in order to avoid additional engineering costs. It was concluded that the new concept for flexible adaption of IEC 61850 data models and communication services improved the interoperability of products and systems regarding simplicity and functionality. 10 refs., 4 figs.

  12. Interoperability of heterogeneous distributed systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaschke, C.; Essendorfer, B.; Kerth, C.

    2016-05-01

    To achieve knowledge superiority in today's operations interoperability is the key. Budget restrictions as well as the complexity and multiplicity of threats combined with the fact that not single nations but whole areas are subject to attacks force nations to collaborate and share information as appropriate. Multiple data and information sources produce different kinds of data, real time and non-real time, in different formats that are disseminated to the respective command and control level for further distribution. The data is most of the time highly sensitive and restricted in terms of sharing. The question is how to make this data available to the right people at the right time with the right granularity. The Coalition Shared Data concept aims to provide a solution to these questions. It has been developed within several multinational projects and evolved over time. A continuous improvement process was established and resulted in the adaptation of the architecture as well as the technical solution and the processes it supports. Coming from the idea of making use of existing standards and basing the concept on sharing of data through standardized interfaces and formats and enabling metadata based query the concept merged with a more sophisticated service based approach. The paper addresses concepts for information sharing to facilitate interoperability between heterogeneous distributed systems. It introduces the methods that were used and the challenges that had to be overcome. Furthermore, the paper gives a perspective how the concept could be used in the future and what measures have to be taken to successfully bring it into operations.

  13. A Space Acquisition Leading Indicator Based on System Interoperation Maturity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    framework: 17 Table 4. LISI Reference Model (Ford, 2008) Referencing back to Ford‘s method and the standard definition of interoperability...using the method developed by Dr. Thomas Ford, where higher levels of interoperability maturity will result in a higher interoperability score...7 Ford‘s Interoperability Measurement Method

  14. Provenance in Data Interoperability for Multi-Sensor Intercomparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynnes, C.; Leptoukh, G.; Berrick, S.; Shen, S.; Prados, A.; Fox, P.; Yang, W.; Min, M.; Holloway, D.; Enloe, Y.

    2008-12-01

    As our inventory of Earth science data sets grows, the ability to compare, merge and fuse multiple datasets grows in importance. This implies a need for deeper data interoperability than we have now. Many efforts (e.g. OPeNDAP, Open Geospatial Consortium) have broken down format barriers to interoperability; the next challenge is the semantic aspects of the data. Consider the issues when satellite data are merged, cross- calibrated, validated, inter-compared and fused. We must determine how to match up data sets that are related, yet different in significant ways: the exact nature of the phenomenon being measured, measurement technique, exact location in space-time, or the quality of the measurements. If subtle distinctions between similar measurements are not clear to the user, the results can be meaningless or even lead to an incorrect interpretation of the data. Most of these distinctions trace back to how the data came to be: sensors, processing, and quality assessment. For example, monthly averages of satellite-based aerosol measurements often show significant discrepancies, which might be due to differences in spatio-temporal aggregation, sampling issues, sensor biases, algorithm differences and/or calibration issues. This provenance information must therefore be captured in a semantic framework that allows sophisticated data inter-use tools to incorporate it, and eventually aid in the interpretation of comparison or merged products. Semantic web technology allows us to encode our knowledge of measurement characteristics, phenomena measured, space-time representations, and data quality representation in a well-structured, machine- readable ontology and rulesets. An analysis tool can use this knowledge to show users the provenance- related distinctions between two variables, advising on options for further data processing and analysis. An additional problem for workflows distributed across heterogeneous systems is retrieval and transport of provenance

  15. Semantic-Driven e-Government: Application of Uschold and King Ontology Building Methodology for Semantic Ontology Models Development

    CERN Document Server

    Fonou-Dombeu, Jean Vincent; 10.5121/ijwest.2011.2401

    2011-01-01

    Electronic government (e-government) has been one of the most active areas of ontology development during the past six years. In e-government, ontologies are being used to describe and specify e-government services (e-services) because they enable easy composition, matching, mapping and merging of various e-government services. More importantly, they also facilitate the semantic integration and interoperability of e-government services. However, it is still unclear in the current literature how an existing ontology building methodology can be applied to develop semantic ontology models in a government service domain. In this paper the Uschold and King ontology building methodology is applied to develop semantic ontology models in a government service domain. Firstly, the Uschold and King methodology is presented, discussed and applied to build a government domain ontology. Secondly, the domain ontology is evaluated for semantic consistency using its semi-formal representation in Description Logic. Thirdly, an...

  16. Towards a New Understanding of the e-Business Strategic Process: The Rise of a Dynamic Interaction-Based Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivang, Reimer

    2013-01-01

    to explain how companies could strategize in the field of ICT and e-business. Strategic information systems planning (SISP) is an example of this application of strategic planning in the field of e-business. The prominence of SISP within the corporate IS strategy literature has been dramatic, but today......-business strategic process adapt to changes in the planning environment and internal changes within the organization? E-business strategy, because of increased uncertainty and environmental complexity, must encourage interaction between key stakeholders that implement and use the e-business technology...... on group-learning processes where the strategy emerges though the processes of action and reflection. These experience-based group-learning processes help organize the process of business strategizing so that improvisational and dynamic competences can emerge....

  17. Combining Archetypes with Fast Health Interoperability Resources in Future-proof Health Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosca, Diego; Moner, David; Maldonado, Jose Alberto; Robles, Montserrat

    2015-01-01

    Messaging standards, and specifically HL7 v2, are heavily used for the communication and interoperability of Health Information Systems. HL7 FHIR was created as an evolution of the messaging standards to achieve semantic interoperability. FHIR is somehow similar to other approaches like the dual model methodology as both are based on the precise modeling of clinical information. In this paper, we demonstrate how we can apply the dual model methodology to standards like FHIR. We show the usefulness of this approach for data transformation between FHIR and other specifications such as HL7 CDA, EN ISO 13606, and openEHR. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of defining archetypes over FHIR, and the consequences and outcomes of this approach. Finally, we exemplify this approach by creating a testing data server that supports both FHIR resources and archetypes.

  18. The integration of customer needs in the establishment of an e-business system for internal service

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Annika; Karlsson, Sture

    2002-01-01

    The key success factor for companies is to develop and deliver services and products that satisfy customer needs and create customer value. When introducing e-businesses as a new channel, it is becoming increasingly important to consider customers, since they will have a higher level of influence on the company through the interactive channel. This paper sets out to describe the process of considering customer needs in an e-business establishment based on the results from a case study where g...

  19. XML databases and the semantic web

    CERN Document Server

    Thuraisingham, Bhavani

    2002-01-01

    Efficient access to data, sharing data, extracting information from data, and making use of the information have become urgent needs for today''s corporations. With so much data on the Web, managing it with conventional tools is becoming almost impossible. New tools and techniques are necessary to provide interoperability as well as warehousing between multiple data sources and systems, and to extract information from the databases. XML Databases and the Semantic Web focuses on critical and new Web technologies needed for organizations to carry out transactions on the Web, to understand how to use the Web effectively, and to exchange complex documents on the Web.This reference for database administrators, database designers, and Web designers working in tandem with database technologists covers three emerging technologies of significant impact for electronic business: Extensible Markup Language (XML), semi-structured databases, and the semantic Web. The first two parts of the book explore these emerging techn...

  20. Economic Observation in 3Q E-business Fight - According to Analysis of Resource Allocation and Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuang, Ruihu; Chen, Zeming; Kuang, Juchi

    Based on relation of resource allocation and marginal benefit of e-commence provider, both of origin and essence of the 3Q e-business fight were analyzed; and then contents of the contract between e-business company and users were elaborated. Moreover, liability for Qihoo's breach of the contract in 3Q e-business fight was discussed. Analysis of the contract indicated that blame of infringing on privacy of users from public, media or even a law professor for Tengxun Company is not exactly justicial. Some controversial rules which are not fit for usual practices in the QQ contract such as narrow definition of privacy were found out, whose reason lies in no relevant e-business standards or rules in our country. In the end, this passage points out that actions of government who intervened in market operations of Tengxun Company and QQ Company are inappropriate and unnecessary. Thus, responsibility for facing up to incomplete market rules of e-commence lies with government and government should strengthen market supervision by legislation so as to guide healthy development of e-business market, which is a key lesson we learn from the 3Q e-business fight.

  1. Interoperability for Enterprise Systems and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Jardim-Gonçalves, Ricardo; Popplewell, Keith; Mendonça, João

    2016-01-01

    A concise reference to the state of the art in systems interoperability, Enterprise Interoperability VII will be of great value to engineers and computer scientists working in manufacturing and other process industries and to software engineers and electronic and manufacturing engineers working in the academic environment. Furthermore, it shows how knowledge of the meaning within information and the use to which it will be put have to be held in common between enterprises for consistent and efficient inter-enterprise networks. Over 30 papers, ranging from academic research through case studies to industrial and administrative experience of interoperability show how, in a scenario of globalised markets, where the capacity to cooperate with other organizations efficiently is essential in order to remain economically, socially and environmentally cost-effective, the most innovative digitized and networked enterprises ensure that their systems and applications are able to interoperate across heterogeneous collabo...

  2. Epimenides: Interoperability Reasoning for Digital Preservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kargakis, Yannis; Tzitzikas, Yannis; van Horik, M.P.M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents Epimenides, a system that implements a novel interoperability dependency reasoning approach for assisting digital preservation activities. A distinctive feature is that it can model also converters and emulators, and the adopted modelling approach enables the automatic reasoning

  3. Requirements for Interoperability in Healthcare Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Noumeir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Interoperability is a requirement for the successful deployment of Electronic Health Records (EHR. EHR improves the quality of healthcare by enabling access to all relevant information at the diagnostic decision moment, regardless of location. It is a system that results from the cooperation of several heterogeneous distributed subsystems that need to successfully exchange information relative to a specific healthcare process. This paper analyzes interoperability impediments in healthcare by first defining them and providing concrete healthcare examples, followed by discussion of how specifications can be defined and how verification can be conducted to eliminate those impediments and ensure interoperability in healthcare. This paper also analyzes how Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE has been successful in enabling interoperability, and identifies some neglected aspects that need attention.

  4. Intercloud Architecture Framework for Interoperability and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.

    2013-01-01

    This report presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture Framework (ICAF) that addresses interoperability and integration issues in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous Cloud based infrastructure services and applications provisioning, including integration and interoperabi

  5. Interoperability for Entreprise Systems and Applications '12

    CERN Document Server

    Doumeingts, Guy; Katzy, Bernhard; Chalmeta, Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    Within a scenario of globalised markets, where the capacity to efficiently cooperate with other firms starts to become essential in order to remain in the market in an economically, socially and environmentally cost-effective manner, it can be seen how the most innovative enterprises are beginning to redesign their business model to become interoperable. This goal of interoperability is essential, not only from the perspective of the individual enterprise but also in the new business structures that are now emerging, such as supply chains, virtual enterprises, interconnected organisations or extended enterprises, as well as in mergers and acquisitions. Composed of over 40 papers, Enterprise Interoperability V ranges from academic research through case studies to industrial and administrative experience of interoperability. The international nature of the authorship contnues to broaden. Many of the papers have examples and illustrations calculated to deepen understanding and generate new ideas. The I-ESA'12 Co...

  6. Jigsaw Semantics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul J. E. Dekker

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the enterprise of formal semantics has been under attack from several philosophical and linguistic perspectives, and it has certainly suffered from its own scattered state, which hosts quite a variety of paradigms which may seem to be incompatible. It will not do to try and answer the arguments of the critics, because the arguments are often well-taken. The negative conclusions, however, I believe are not. The only adequate reply seems to be a constructive one, which puts several pieces of formal semantics, in particular dynamic semantics, together again. In this paper I will try and sketch an overview of tasks, techniques, and results, which serves to at least suggest that it is possible to develop a coherent overall picture of undeniably important and structural phenomena in the interpretation of natural language. The idea is that the concept of meanings as truth conditions after all provides an excellent start for an integrated study of the meaning and use of natural language, and that an extended notion of goal directed pragmatics naturally complements this picture. None of the results reported here are really new, but we think it is important to re-collect them.ReferencesAsher, Nicholas & Lascarides, Alex. 1998. ‘Questions in Dialogue’. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 237–309.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005364332007Borg, Emma. 2007. ‘Minimalism versus contextualism in semantics’. In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds. ‘Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism’, pp. 339–359. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernest. 1997. ‘On an Alleged Connection between Indirect Quotation and Semantic Theory’. Mind and Language 12: pp. 278–296.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernie. 2005. Insensitive Semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470755792Dekker, Paul. 2002. ‘Meaning and Use of Indefinite Expressions’. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11: pp. 141–194

  7. River Basin Standards Interoperability Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesquer, Lluís; Masó, Joan; Stasch, Christoph

    2016-04-01

    There is a lot of water information and tools in Europe to be applied in the river basin management but fragmentation and a lack of coordination between countries still exists. The European Commission and the member states have financed several research and innovation projects in support of the Water Framework Directive. Only a few of them are using the recently emerging hydrological standards, such as the OGC WaterML 2.0. WaterInnEU is a Horizon 2020 project focused on creating a marketplace to enhance the exploitation of EU funded ICT models, tools, protocols and policy briefs related to water and to establish suitable conditions for new market opportunities based on these offerings. One of WaterInnEU's main goals is to assess the level of standardization and interoperability of these outcomes as a mechanism to integrate ICT-based tools, incorporate open data platforms and generate a palette of interchangeable components that are able to use the water data emerging from the recently proposed open data sharing processes and data models stimulated by initiatives such as the INSPIRE directive. As part of the standardization and interoperability activities in the project, the authors are designing an experiment (RIBASE, the present work) to demonstrate how current ICT-based tools and water data can work in combination with geospatial web services in the Scheldt river basin. The main structure of this experiment, that is the core of the present work, is composed by the following steps: - Extraction of information from river gauges data in OGC WaterML 2.0 format using SOS services (preferably compliant to the OGC SOS 2.0 Hydrology Profile Best Practice). - Model floods using a WPS 2.0, WaterML 2.0 data and weather forecast models as input. - Evaluation of the applicability of Sensor Notification Services in water emergencies. - Open distribution of the input and output data as OGC web services WaterML, / WCS / WFS and with visualization utilities: WMS. The architecture

  8. On MDA - SOA based Intercloud Interoperability framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahereh Nodehi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing has been one of the latest technologies which assures reliable delivery of on - demand computing services over the Internet. Cloud service providers have established geographically distributed data centers and computing resources, which are available online as service. The clouds operated by different service providers working together in collaboration can open up lots more spaces for innovative scenarios with huge amount of resources provisioning on demand. However, current cloud systems do not support intercloud interoperability. This paper is thus motivated to address Intercloud Interoperabilityby analyzing different methodologies that have been applied to resolve various scenarios of interoperability. Model Driven Architecture (MDA and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA method have been used to address interoperability in various scenarios, which also opens up spaces to address intercloud interoperability by making use of these well accepted methodologies. The focus of this document is to show Intercloud Interoperability can be supported through a Model Driven approach and Service Oriented systems. Moreover, the current state of the art in Intercloud, concept and benefits of MDA and SOA are discussed in the paper. At the same time this paper also proposes a generic architecture for MDA - SOA based framework, which can be useful for developing applications which will require intercloud interoperability. The paper justi fies the usability of the framework by a use - case scenario for dynamic workload migration among heterogeneous clouds.

  9. Provenance-Based Approaches to Semantic Web Service Discovery and Usage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narock, Thomas William

    2012-01-01

    The World Wide Web Consortium defines a Web Service as "a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network." Web Services have become increasingly important both within and across organizational boundaries. With the recent advent of the Semantic Web, web services have evolved into semantic…

  10. Provenance-Based Approaches to Semantic Web Service Discovery and Usage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narock, Thomas William

    2012-01-01

    The World Wide Web Consortium defines a Web Service as "a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network." Web Services have become increasingly important both within and across organizational boundaries. With the recent advent of the Semantic Web, web services have evolved into semantic…

  11. Data interoperability software solution for emergency reaction in the Europe Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casado, R.; Rubiera, E.; Sacristan, M.; Schütte, F.; Peters, R.

    2015-07-01

    Emergency management becomes more challenging in international crisis episodes because of cultural, semantic and linguistic differences between all stakeholders, especially first responders. Misunderstandings between first responders makes decision making slower and more difficult. However, spread and development of networks and IT-based emergency management systems (EMSs) have improved emergency responses, which have become more coordinated. Despite improvements made in recent years, EMSs have not still solved problems related to cultural, semantic and linguistic differences which are the real cause of slower decision making. In addition, from a technical perspective, the consolidation of current EMSs and the different formats used to exchange information offers another problem to be solved in any solution proposed for information interoperability between heterogeneous EMSs in different contexts. To overcome these problems, we present a software solution based on semantic and mediation technologies. EMERGency ELements (EMERGEL) (Fundacion CTIC and AntwortING Ingenieurbüro PartG, 2013), a common and modular ontology shared by all the stakeholders, has been defined. It offers the best solution to gather all stakeholders' knowledge in a unique and flexible data model, taking into account different countries' cultural and linguistic issues. To deal with the diversity of data protocols and formats, we have designed a service-oriented architecture for data interoperability (named DISASTER: Data Interoperability Solution At STakeholders Emergency Reaction) providing a flexible extensible solution to solve the mediation issues. Web services have been adopted as specific technology to implement this paradigm that has the most significant academic and industrial visibility and attraction. Contributions of this work have been validated through the design and development of a cross-border realistic prototype scenario, actively involving both emergency managers and emergency

  12. Strategic Antecedents and Consequents for the Performance of E-Business Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elnivan Moreira de Souza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to examine the influence of the strategic background and of the business model elements on its value proposition, and to investigate the relationship between the value proposition and the performance of e-business. The research is supported theoretically by the Technological, Organizational and Environmental framework (TOE, derived from the Diffusion of Innovation Theory (DIT, for the Strategic Background (IFINEDO, 2011, by the Business Model theory (OSTERWALDER; PIGNEUR; 2010; SOUZA; BATISTA, 2014 and by the business performance literature (RAMANUJAN; VENKATRAMAN, 1987. We tested the proposed model with a sample of 252 observations, using the structural equation modeling. The main results indicate a partial influence of the strategic background in the value proposition through the constructs management positioning, organizational readiness, relative advantage and pressure from stakeholders. Relating to the business model, the constructs of market segmentation, customer relationships, capabilities, partnerships and revenue model influence the value proposition, which in turn affects positively the performance of e-business companies.

  13. Personal Data Use and Morality in the E-Business Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MURATA Kiyoshi; ORITO Yohko

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with personal data use by firms in the e-business environment from the viewpoint of business administration and information ethics. Whereas the tremendous development of information and communication technology (ICT) has made it easier for firms to acquire, store, share,and utilise personal data on their customers, firms that use personal data are exposed to risks related to privacy issues. Since individuals fear the invasion of their privacy, the failure of a firm to appear or remain trustworthy would make it difficult for it to maintain accurate, up-to-date databases and to construct desirable business processes, which would affect the bottom line. Therefore, modem firms should do what they can to ensure that their customers trust them. For them, one promising way to remain trustworthy is to behave as a moral agent. Although it is difficult for any firm to meet the conditions necessary to be a moral agent, competence in behaving as a moral agent is a hard-to-imitate capability of firms for which personal data use is vital for enjoying the benefits of business relationships in the e-business environment.

  14. Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xiao-ying; Chen, De-ren

    2004-01-01

    Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.

  15. Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小盈; 陈德人

    2004-01-01

    Due to e-business' s variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multiclass queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.

  16. Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Xiao-ying (郑小盈); CHEN De-ren (陈德人)

    2004-01-01

    Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.

  17. Documentary languages and knowledge organization systems in the context of the semantic web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilda Lopes Ginez de Lara

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to discuss the need for formal documentary languages as a condition for it to function in the Semantic Web. Based on a bibliographic review, Linked Open Data is presented as an initial condition for the operationalization of the Semantic Web, similar to the movement of Linked Open Vocabularies that aimed to promote interoperability among vocabularies. We highlight the Simple Knowledge Organization System format by analyzing its main characteristics and presenting the new standard ISO 25964-1/2:2011/2012 -Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies, that revises previous recommendations, adding requirements for the interoperability and mapping of vocabularies. We discuss conceptual problems in the formalization of vocabularies and the need to invest critically in its operationalization, suggesting alternatives to harness the mapping of vocabularies.

  18. Towards Interoperable Preservation Repositories: TIPR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Caplan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Towards Interoperable Preservation Repositories (TIPR is a project funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services to create and test a Repository eXchange Package (RXP. The package will make it possible to transfer complex digital objects between dissimilar preservation repositories.  For reasons of redundancy, succession planning and software migration, repositories must be able to exchange copies of archival information packages with each other. Every different repository application, however, describes and structures its archival packages differently. Therefore each system produces dissemination packages that are rarely understandable or usable as submission packages by other repositories. The RXP is an answer to that mismatch. Other solutions for transferring packages between repositories focus either on transfers between repositories of the same type, such as DSpace-to-DSpace transfers, or on processes that rely on central translation services.  Rather than build translators between many dissimilar repository types, the TIPR project has defined a standards-based package of metadata files that can act as an intermediary information package, the RXP, a lingua franca all repositories can read and write.

  19. Event-Driven Interoperability Framework For Interoperation In E-Learning Information Systems - Monitored Repository

    OpenAIRE

    Petrov, Milen

    2006-01-01

    M.Petrov "Event-Driven Interoperability Framework For Interoperation In E-Learning Information Systems - Monitored Repository", IADAT-e2006, 3rd International Conference on Education, Barcelona (Spain), July 12-14, 2006, ISBN: 84-933971-9-9, pp.198 - pp.202

  20. Preserved musical semantic memory in semantic dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Jessica; Koenig, Phyllis; Gunawardena, Delani; McMillan, Corey; Bonner, Michael; Grossman, Murray

    2011-02-01

    To understand the scope of semantic impairment in semantic dementia. Case study. Academic medical center. A man with semantic dementia, as demonstrated by clinical, neuropsychological, and imaging studies. Music performance and magnetic resonance imaging results. Despite profoundly impaired semantic memory for words and objects due to left temporal lobe atrophy, this semiprofessional musician was creative and expressive in demonstrating preserved musical knowledge. Long-term representations of words and objects in semantic memory may be dissociated from meaningful knowledge in other domains, such as music.

  1. A flexible integration framework for a Semantic Geospatial Web application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Ying; Mei, Kun; Bian, Fuling

    2008-10-01

    With the growth of the World Wide Web technologies, the access to and use of geospatial information changed in the past decade radically. Previously, the data processed by a GIS as well as its methods had resided locally and contained information that was sufficiently unambiguous in the respective information community. Now, both data and methods may be retrieved and combined from anywhere in the world, escaping their local contexts. The last few years have seen a growing interest in the field of semantic geospatial web. With the development of semantic web technologies, we have seen the possibility of solving the heterogeneity/interoperation problem in the GIS community. The semantic geospatial web application can support a wide variety of tasks including data integration, interoperability, knowledge reuse, spatial reasoning and many others. This paper proposes a flexible framework called GeoSWF (short for Geospatial Semantic Web Framework), which supports the semantic integration of the distributed and heterogeneous geospatial information resources and also supports the semantic query and spatial relationship reasoning. We design the architecture of GeoSWF by extending the MVC Pattern. The GeoSWF use the geo-2007.owl proposed by W3C as the reference ontology of the geospatial information and design different application ontologies according to the situation of heterogeneous geospatial information resources. A Geospatial Ontology Creating Algorithm (GOCA) is designed for convert the geospatial information to the ontology instances represented by RDF/OWL. On the top of these ontology instances, the GeoSWF carry out the semantic reasoning by the rule set stored in the knowledge base to generate new system query. The query result will be ranking by ordering the Euclidean distance of each ontology instances. At last, the paper gives the conclusion and future work.

  2. Inquisitive semantics and pragmatics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenendijk, J.; Roelofsen, F.; Larrazabal, J.M.; Zubeldia, L.

    2009-01-01

    This paper starts with an informal introduction to inquisitive semantics. After that, we present a formal definition of the semantics, and introduce the basic semantic notions of inquisitiveness and informativeness, in terms of wich we define the semantic categories of questions, assertions, and hyb

  3. Enterprise interoperability VI : Interoperability for Agility, Resilience and Plasticity of Collaboration

    CERN Document Server

    Bénaben, Frédérick; Poler, Raúl; Bourrières, Jean-Paul

    2014-01-01

    A concise reference to the state of the art in systems interoperability, Enterprise Interoperability VI will be of great value to engineers and computer scientists working in manufacturing and other process industries and to software engineers and electronic and manufacturing engineers working in the academic environment. Over 40 papers, ranging from academic research through case studies to industrial and administrative experience of interoperability show how, in a scenario of globalised markets, where the capacity to cooperate with other firms efficiently starts to become essential in order to remain in the market in an economically, socially and environmentally cost-effective manner, the most innovative enterprises are beginning to redesign their business model to become interoperable. This goal of interoperability is essential, not only from the perspective of the individual enterprise but also in the new business structures that are now emerging, such as supply chains, virtual enterprises, interconnected...

  4. Code lists for interoperability - Principles and best practices in INSPIRE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutz, M.; Portele, C.; Cox, S.; Murray, K.

    2012-04-01

    external vocabulary. In the former case, for each value, an external identifier, one or more labels (possibly in different languages), a definition and other metadata should be specified. In the latter case, the external vocabulary should be characterised, e.g. by specifying the version to be used, the format(s) in which the vocabulary is available, possible constraints (e.g. if only as specific part of the external list is to be used), rules for using values in the encoding of instance data, and the maintenance rules applied to the external vocabulary. This information is crucial for enabling implementation and interoperability in distributed systems (such as SDIs) and should be made available through a code list registry. While thus the information on allowed code list values is usually managed outside the UML application schema, we recommend inclusion of «codeList»-stereotyped classes in the model for semantic clarity. Information on the obligation, extensibility and a reference to the specified values should be provided through tagged values. Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank the INSPIRE Thematic Working Groups, the Data Specifications Drafting Team and the JRC Contact Points for their contributions to the discussions on code lists in INSPIRE and to this abstract.

  5. SOLE: Applying Semantics and Social Web to Support Technology Enhanced Learning in Software Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomo-Palacios, Ricardo; Jiménez-López, Diego; García-Crespo, Ángel; Blanco-Iglesias, Borja

    eLearning educative processes are a challenge for educative institutions and education professionals. In an environment in which learning resources are being produced, catalogued and stored using innovative ways, SOLE provides a platform in which exam questions can be produced supported by Web 2.0 tools, catalogued and labeled via semantic web and stored and distributed using eLearning standards. This paper presents, SOLE, a social network of exam questions sharing particularized for Software Engineering domain, based on semantics and built using semantic web and eLearning standards, such as IMS Question and Test Interoperability specification 2.1.

  6. A web services choreography scenario for interoperating bioinformatics applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheung David W

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Very often genome-wide data analysis requires the interoperation of multiple databases and analytic tools. A large number of genome databases and bioinformatics applications are available through the web, but it is difficult to automate interoperation because: 1 the platforms on which the applications run are heterogeneous, 2 their web interface is not machine-friendly, 3 they use a non-standard format for data input and output, 4 they do not exploit standards to define application interface and message exchange, and 5 existing protocols for remote messaging are often not firewall-friendly. To overcome these issues, web services have emerged as a standard XML-based model for message exchange between heterogeneous applications. Web services engines have been developed to manage the configuration and execution of a web services workflow. Results To demonstrate the benefit of using web services over traditional web interfaces, we compare the two implementations of HAPI, a gene expression analysis utility developed by the University of California San Diego (UCSD that allows visual characterization of groups or clusters of genes based on the biomedical literature. This utility takes a set of microarray spot IDs as input and outputs a hierarchy of MeSH Keywords that correlates to the input and is grouped by Medical Subject Heading (MeSH category. While the HTML output is easy for humans to visualize, it is difficult for computer applications to interpret semantically. To facilitate the capability of machine processing, we have created a workflow of three web services that replicates the HAPI functionality. These web services use document-style messages, which means that messages are encoded in an XML-based format. We compared three approaches to the implementation of an XML-based workflow: a hard coded Java application, Collaxa BPEL Server and Taverna Workbench. The Java program functions as a web services engine and interoperates

  7. A web services choreography scenario for interoperating bioinformatics applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Knikker, Remko; Guo, Youjun; Li, Jin-long; Kwan, Albert KH; Yip, Kevin Y; Cheung, David W; Cheung, Kei-Hoi

    2004-01-01

    Background Very often genome-wide data analysis requires the interoperation of multiple databases and analytic tools. A large number of genome databases and bioinformatics applications are available through the web, but it is difficult to automate interoperation because: 1) the platforms on which the applications run are heterogeneous, 2) their web interface is not machine-friendly, 3) they use a non-standard format for data input and output, 4) they do not exploit standards to define application interface and message exchange, and 5) existing protocols for remote messaging are often not firewall-friendly. To overcome these issues, web services have emerged as a standard XML-based model for message exchange between heterogeneous applications. Web services engines have been developed to manage the configuration and execution of a web services workflow. Results To demonstrate the benefit of using web services over traditional web interfaces, we compare the two implementations of HAPI, a gene expression analysis utility developed by the University of California San Diego (UCSD) that allows visual characterization of groups or clusters of genes based on the biomedical literature. This utility takes a set of microarray spot IDs as input and outputs a hierarchy of MeSH Keywords that correlates to the input and is grouped by Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) category. While the HTML output is easy for humans to visualize, it is difficult for computer applications to interpret semantically. To facilitate the capability of machine processing, we have created a workflow of three web services that replicates the HAPI functionality. These web services use document-style messages, which means that messages are encoded in an XML-based format. We compared three approaches to the implementation of an XML-based workflow: a hard coded Java application, Collaxa BPEL Server and Taverna Workbench. The Java program functions as a web services engine and interoperates with these web

  8. A Novel Approach for Periodic Assessment of Business Process Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badr Elmir

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Business collaboration networks provide collaborative organizations a favorable context for automated business process interoperability. This paper aims to present a novel approach for assessing interoperability of process driven services by considering the three main aspects of interoperation: potentiality, compatibility and operational performance. It presents also a software tool that supports the proposed assessment method. In addition to its capacity to track and control the evolution of interoperation degree in time, the proposed tool measures the required effort to reach a planned degree of interoperability. Public accounting of financial authority is given as an illustrative case study of interoperability monitoring in public collaboration network.

  9. A Novel Approach for Periodic Assessment of Business Process Interoperability

    CERN Document Server

    Badr, Elmir

    2011-01-01

    Business collaboration networks provide collaborative organizations a favorable context for automated business process interoperability. This paper aims to present a novel approach for assessing interoperability of process driven services by considering the three main aspects of interoperation: potentiality, compatibility and operational performance. It presents also a software tool that supports the proposed assessment method. In addition to its capacity to track and control the evolution of interoperation degree in time, the proposed tool measures the required effort to reach a planned degree of interoperability. Public accounting of financial authority is given as an illustrative case study of interoperability monitoring in public collaboration network.

  10. E-Business Strategy in an Online Banking Services: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah S. Al-Mudimigh

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Banks today are aware of both the threat and the opportunity that the Web represents. No traditional bank would dare face investment analysts without an Internet strategy. But even a detailed and thoughtful approach to the Web does not guarantee business success. The main purpose behind the launching of online banking services is to provide the customers with an alternative, more responsive and with less expensive options. With options just a click away, customers have more control than ever. They expect real-time answers and superior usability. They also want personal attention and highly customized products and services. The focus of e-business must always be on the customer. On the other hand, the technology and the business structure follow on form of the value you intend to provide to the customer.

  11. Revolutionizing collaboration through e-work, e-business, and e-service

    CERN Document Server

    Nof, Shimon Y; Jeong, Wootae; Moghaddam, Mohsen

    2015-01-01

    Collaboration in highly distributed organizations of people, robots, and autonomous systems is and must be revolutionized by engineering augmentation. The aim is to augment humans’ abilities at work and, through this augmentation, improve organizations’ abilities to accomplish their missions. This book establishes the theoretical foundations and design principles of collaborative e-Work, e-Business and e-Service, their models and applications, design and implementation techniques. The fundamental premise is that without effective e-Work and e-Services, the potential of emerging activities, such as e-Commerce, virtual manufacturing, tele-robotic medicine, automated construction, smart energy grid, cyber-supported agriculture, and intelligent transportation cannot be fully materialized. Typically, workers and managers of such value networks are frustrated with complex information systems, originally designed and built to simplify and improve performance. Even if the human-computer interface for such systems...

  12. ICT Workers and Professional Spirit in the E-Business Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MURATA Kiyoshi; HIGASHIMOTO Shigeki

    2004-01-01

    Because of the ubiquity of information and communication technology (ICT) and ICT-based information systems, ICT workers in business organisations have power, both intentional and unintentional, over people's quality of life. On this point, all of them, not only ICT professionals but also non-professionals or end-users, need to accept responsibility to the public and to have professional spirit in order to make and keep the information society and e-business environment safe and reliable. However, an individual ICT worker is not necessarily a strong existence; he or she is in a complex situation filled with stress and pressure and his or her decisions are sometimes affected by it. Therefore, social and organisational measures to prompt ICT workers to behave in professional spirit are necessary to be taken.

  13. Implementation of a Cloud Data Server (CDS) for Providing Secure Service in E-Business

    CERN Document Server

    Kesavaraja, D; Sasireka, D; 10.5121/ijdms.2010.2203

    2010-01-01

    Cloud Data Servers is the novel approach for providing secure service to e-business .Millions of users are surfing the Cloud for various purposes, therefore they need highly safe and persistent services. Usually hackers target particular Operating Systems or a Particular Controller. Inspiteof several ongoing researches Conventional Web Servers and its Intrusion Detection System might not be able to detect such attacks. So we implement a Cloud Data Server with Session Controller Architecture using Redundancy and Disconnected Data Access Mechanism. In this paper, we generate the hash code using MD5 algorithm. With the help of which we can circumvent even the attacks, which are undefined by traditional Systems .we implement Cloud Data Sever using Java and Hash Code backup Management using My SQL. Here we Implement AES Algorithm for providing more Security for the hash Code. The CDS using the Virtual Controller controls and monitors the Connections and modifications of the page so as to prevent malicious users fr...

  14. ERP and E-Business Application Deployment in Open Source Distributed Cloud Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George SUCIU

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the way in which we combine SlapOS, the fist open source operating system for distributed cloud computing, and Enterprise Resource Modeling (ERP to provide an simple, unified API for E-Business Applications based on Iaas, PaaS and SaaS models. SlapOS is based on a grid computing daemon – called slapgrid – which is capable of installing any software on a PC and instantiate any number of processes of potentially infinite duration of any installed software using a master-slave model. SlapOS Master follows an ERP model to handle at the same time process allocation optimization and billing.

  15. E-business and the power supply specifications for data centers. A brief evaluation of emergency power supplies; E-business stelt zware eisen aan stroomvoorziening datacenters. Noodstroomvoorzieningen op een rij

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Offerman, A.

    2007-10-15

    The emergence of business services over the internet such as online banking and e-business has made the IT sector the largest user of emergency power provisions. A guaranteed uninterrupted electricity supply is an essential part of datacenters. This article lists the available options: batteries, diesel generators, fly wheels and fuel cells. [mk]. [Dutch] De opkomst van zakelijke diensten over internet zoals online bankieren en e-business maakt dat de IT-sector de grootste afnemer is geworden van noodstroomvoorzieningen. Een gegarandeerd ononderbroken stroomvoorziening is een essentieel onderdeel van datacenters. In dit artikel worden de beschikbare opties op een rijtje gezet: batterijen, dieselgeneratoren,vliegwielen en brandstofcellen.

  16. Interoperability: the key to breaking down information silos in health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, John

    2011-11-01

    In health care, interoperability--the ability of healthcare information systems to work together and share information within and across organizational boundaries--involves: Data exchange, Infrastructure interoperability, User interface interoperability, Process interoperability.

  17. The improvement of the semantic classification tool to a SOA to ensure a better tutoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saadia Lgarch

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available For a best collaboration between tutor and learner and relatively to discussion forum, we have proposed to tutor a semantic classification tool of messages, which helps him to manage the mass of messages accumulating during the time. The tool provides a semantic classification mechanism based on a chosen theme. For a classification more intelligent semantically, and focusing more the chosen theme, our tool incorporates essentially a formal OWL ontology. The reuse and interoperability offered by ontology remain restrictive in the tool's knowledge base. To overcome this limitation, the improvement of the SOA architecture already proposed will be presented in this paper. An implementation of our classifier using the composite application concept will also be explained. The respect of standards: XML, SOAP, WSDL and BPEL in our implementation, will guarantee the tool's interoperability with platforms which solicit its classification service, while allowing its reuse with a high degree of granularity.

  18. Semantic integration of medication data into the EHOP Clinical Data Warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delamarre, Denis; Bouzille, Guillaume; Dalleau, Kevin; Courtel, Denis; Cuggia, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Reusing medication data is crucial for many medical research domains. Semantic integration of such data in clinical data warehouse (CDW) is quite challenging. Our objective was to develop a reliable and scalable method for integrating prescription data into EHOP (a French CDW). PN13/PHAST was used as the semantic interoperability standard during the ETL process, and to store the prescriptions as documents in the CDW. Theriaque was used as a drug knowledge database (DKDB), to annotate the prescription dataset with the finest granularity, and to provide semantic capabilities to the EHOP query workbench. the system was evaluated on a clinical data set. Depending on the use case, the precision ranged from 52% to 100%, Recall was always 100%. interoperability standards and DKDB, document approach, and the finest granularity approach are the key factors for successful drug data integration in CDW.

  19. A Dynamic Defense Modeling and Simulation Methodology using Semantic Web Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kangsun Lee

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Defense Modeling and Simulations require interoperable and autonomous federates in order to fully simulate complex behavior of war-fighters and to dynamically adapt themselves to various war-game events, commands and controls. In this paper, we propose a semantic web service based methodology to develop war-game simulations. Our methodology encapsulates war-game logic into a set of web services with additional semantic information in WSDL (Web Service Description Language and OWL (Web Ontology Language. By utilizing dynamic discovery and binding power of semantic web services, we are able to dynamically reconfigure federates according to various simulation events. An ASuW (Anti-Surface Warfare simulator is constructed to demonstrate the methodology and successfully shows that the level of interoperability and autonomy can be greatly improved.

  20. Architecture for interoperable software in biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bare, James Christopher; Baliga, Nitin S

    2014-07-01

    Understanding biological complexity demands a combination of high-throughput data and interdisciplinary skills. One way to bring to bear the necessary combination of data types and expertise is by encapsulating domain knowledge in software and composing that software to create a customized data analysis environment. To this end, simple flexible strategies are needed for interconnecting heterogeneous software tools and enabling data exchange between them. Drawing on our own work and that of others, we present several strategies for interoperability and their consequences, in particular, a set of simple data structures--list, matrix, network, table and tuple--that have proven sufficient to achieve a high degree of interoperability. We provide a few guidelines for the development of future software that will function as part of an interoperable community of software tools for biological data analysis and visualization.

  1. Drivers of E-Business Value Creation in Banking Sector in Jordan: A Structural Equation Modeling Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ahmad Alawneh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With the development and growth of internet, its applications of e-banking, e-commerce, and e-business became irreplaceable channels regarding its fast access, rich content, and smooth interactivity. High investments are paid toward improving the quality of service offered by the banks. This paper is dedicated to empirically investigating the drivers of e-Business value creation in the Jordanian banking sector. This work summarizes the main differences among employee s of Jordanian and foreign bank regarding their perspectives. Many of the competing foreign banks to the Jordanian banks are enforced with huge financ ial capital, having long periods of banking practices and are employing cutting-edge echnologies and tools. To minimize the technological gap, Jordanian banks are working hard to develop their e-Business services. This in one hand has to enhance their trust, satisf action, and commitment toward existing customers and entice new comers on other hand. Based on business model of Amit and Zott, i.e. the four constructs of e-Value framework (efficiency, complementarities, lock-in, and novelty, four hypotheses have been formulated to test the differences in the drivers of e-Business value creation between Jordanian and f oreign banks. A survey questionnaire in a form of paper-and-pencil was delivered ersonally to 200 employees from four main Jordanian banks and 200 employees from four foreign banks working in Jordan. The questionnaire was formed and constructed to test the proposed hypotheses. the findings in this study based on the SEM and T-test analyses, revealed important implications that will help banks’ managers to makewell-informed decisions and policies regarding investments and resources allocation for implementing e- Business strategies and ventures. The paper concludes with discussing the importance of these findings for practitioners and for future research on value accrued from e-Business services.

  2. Datacube Interoperability, Encoding Independence, and Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, Peter; Hirschorn, Eric; Maso, Joan

    2017-04-01

    Datacubes are commonly accepted as an enabling paradigm which provides a handy abstraction for accessing and analyzing the zillions of image files delivered by the manifold satellite instruments and climate simulations, among others. Additionally, datacubes are the classic model for statistical and OLAP datacubes, so a further information category can be integrated. From a standards perspective, spatio-temporal datacubes naturally are included in the concept of coverages which encompass regular and irregular grids, point clouds, and general meshes - or, more abstractly, digital representations of spatio-temporally varying phenomena. ISO 19123, which is identical to OGC Abstract Topic 6, gives a high-level abstract definition which is complemented by the OGC Coverage Implementation Schema (CIS) which is an interoperable, yet format independent concretization of the abstract model. Currently, ISO is working on adopting OGC CIS as ISO 19123-2; the existing ISO 19123 standard is under revision by one of the abstract authors and will become ISO 19123-1. The roadmap agreed by ISO further foresees adoption of the OGC Web Coverage Service (WCS) as an ISO standard so that a complete data and service model will exist. In 2016, INSPIRE has adopted WCS as Coverage Download Service, including the datacube analytics language Web Coverage Processing Service (WCPS). The rasdaman technology (www.rasdaman.org) is both OGC and INSPIRE Reference Implementation. In the global EarthServer initiative rasdaman database sizes are exceeding 250 TB today, heading for the Petabyte frontier well in 2017. Technically, CIS defines a compact, efficient model for representing multi-dimensional datacubes in several ways. The classical coverage cube defines a domain set (where are values?), a range set (what are these values?), and range type (what do the values mean?), as well as a "bag" for arbitrary metadata. With CIS 1.1, coordinate/value pair sequences have been added, as well as tiled

  3. Semantic Enterprise Optimizer and Coexistence of Data Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Sundararajan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors propose a semantic ontology–driven enterprise data–model architecture for interoperability, integration, and adaptability for evolution, by autonomic agent-driven intelligent design of logical as well as physical data models in a heterogeneous distributed enterprise through its life cycle. An enterprise-standard ontology (in Web Ontology Language [OWL] and Semantic Web Rule Language [SWRL] for data is required to enable an automated data platform that adds life-cycle activities to the current Microsoft Enterprise Search and extend Microsoft SQL Server through various engines for unstructured data types, as well as many domain types that are configurable by users through a Semantic- query optimizer, and using Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS as a content and metadata repository to tie all these components together.

  4. Gazetteer Brokering through Semantic Mediation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobona, G.; Bermudez, L. E.; Brackin, R.

    2013-12-01

    A gazetteer is a geographical directory containing some information regarding places. It provides names, location and other attributes for places which may include points of interest (e.g. buildings, oilfields and boreholes), and other features. These features can be published via web services conforming to the Gazetteer Application Profile of the Web Feature Service (WFS) standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Against the backdrop of advances in geophysical surveys, there has been a significant increase in the amount of data referenced to locations. Gazetteers services have played a significant role in facilitating access to such data, including through provision of specialized queries such as text, spatial and fuzzy search. Recent developments in the OGC have led to advances in gazetteers such as support for multilingualism, diacritics, and querying via advanced spatial constraints (e.g. search by radial search and nearest neighbor). A challenge remaining however, is that gazetteers produced by different organizations have typically been modeled differently. Inconsistencies from gazetteers produced by different organizations may include naming the same feature in a different way, naming the attributes differently, locating the feature in a different location, and providing fewer or more attributes than the other services. The Gazetteer application profile of the WFS is a starting point to address such inconsistencies by providing a standardized interface based on rules specified in ISO 19112, the international standard for spatial referencing by geographic identifiers. The profile, however, does not provide rules to deal with semantic inconsistencies. The USGS and NGA commissioned research into the potential for a Single Point of Entry Global Gazetteer (SPEGG). The research was conducted by the Cross Community Interoperability thread of the OGC testbed, referenced OWS-9. The testbed prototyped approaches for brokering gazetteers through use of semantic

  5. The Open Physiology workflow: modeling processes over physiology circuitboards of interoperable tissue units

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Bono, Bernard; Safaei, Soroush; Grenon, Pierre; Nickerson, David P.; Alexander, Samuel; Helvensteijn, Michiel; Kok, Joost N.; Kokash, Natallia; Wu, Alan; Yu, Tommy; Hunter, Peter; Baldock, Richard A.

    2015-01-01

    A key challenge for the physiology modeling community is to enable the searching, objective comparison and, ultimately, re-use of models and associated data that are interoperable in terms of their physiological meaning. In this work, we outline the development of a workflow to modularize the simulation of tissue-level processes in physiology. In particular, we show how, via this approach, we can systematically extract, parcellate and annotate tissue histology data to represent component units of tissue function. These functional units are semantically interoperable, in terms of their physiological meaning. In particular, they are interoperable with respect to [i] each other and with respect to [ii] a circuitboard representation of long-range advective routes of fluid flow over which to model long-range molecular exchange between these units. We exemplify this approach through the combination of models for physiology-based pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics to quantitatively depict biological mechanisms across multiple scales. Links to the data, models and software components that constitute this workflow are found at http://open-physiology.org/. PMID:25759670

  6. Scientific Digital Libraries, Interoperability, and Ontologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, J. Steven; Crichton, Daniel J.; Mattmann, Chris A.

    2009-01-01

    Scientific digital libraries serve complex and evolving research communities. Justifications for the development of scientific digital libraries include the desire to preserve science data and the promises of information interconnectedness, correlative science, and system interoperability. Shared ontologies are fundamental to fulfilling these promises. We present a tool framework, some informal principles, and several case studies where shared ontologies are used to guide the implementation of scientific digital libraries. The tool framework, based on an ontology modeling tool, was configured to develop, manage, and keep shared ontologies relevant within changing domains and to promote the interoperability, interconnectedness, and correlation desired by scientists.

  7. The DFG Viewer for Interoperability in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Goebel

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the DFG Viewer for Interoperability, a free and open source web-based viewer for digitised books, and assesses its relevance for interoperability in Germany. First the specific situation in Germany is described, including the important role of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation. The article then moves on to the overall concept of the viewer and its technical background. It introduces the data formats and standards used, it briefly illustrates how the viewer works and includes a few examples.

  8. An empirical study to measure the impact of e-business on organizational performance with an emphasis on integrated production information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Meftahi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the past few decades, there have been different studies on e-business but there are limited numbers of works accomplished on measuring the impact of e-business on supply chain. Although e-business may not directly influence on organizational performance, it can have significant indirect impact on unifying customers and suppliers, which yields to a better performance of organizations. In this study, we perform an empirical study to measure the indirect impact of e-business on organizational performance. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 40 professional experts in various industries in province of Ilam, Iran. The survey examines four hypothesis for a possible correlation between e-business and integrated suppliers, e-business and customers, integrated customers and suppliers with organizational performance. The results of this survey confirm a positive relationship between all these components either directly or indirectly.

  9. Programming the semantic web

    CERN Document Server

    Segaran, Toby; Taylor, Jamie

    2009-01-01

    With this book, the promise of the Semantic Web -- in which machines can find, share, and combine data on the Web -- is not just a technical possibility, but a practical reality Programming the Semantic Web demonstrates several ways to implement semantic web applications, using current and emerging standards and technologies. You'll learn how to incorporate existing data sources into semantically aware applications and publish rich semantic data. Each chapter walks you through a single piece of semantic technology and explains how you can use it to solve real problems. Whether you're writing

  10. The caCORE Software Development Kit: Streamlining construction of interoperable biomedical information services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warzel Denise

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Robust, programmatically accessible biomedical information services that syntactically and semantically interoperate with other resources are challenging to construct. Such systems require the adoption of common information models, data representations and terminology standards as well as documented application programming interfaces (APIs. The National Cancer Institute (NCI developed the cancer common ontologic representation environment (caCORE to provide the infrastructure necessary to achieve interoperability across the systems it develops or sponsors. The caCORE Software Development Kit (SDK was designed to provide developers both within and outside the NCI with the tools needed to construct such interoperable software systems. Results The caCORE SDK requires a Unified Modeling Language (UML tool to begin the development workflow with the construction of a domain information model in the form of a UML Class Diagram. Models are annotated with concepts and definitions from a description logic terminology source using the Semantic Connector component. The annotated model is registered in the Cancer Data Standards Repository (caDSR using the UML Loader component. System software is automatically generated using the Codegen component, which produces middleware that runs on an application server. The caCORE SDK was initially tested and validated using a seven-class UML model, and has been used to generate the caCORE production system, which includes models with dozens of classes. The deployed system supports access through object-oriented APIs with consistent syntax for retrieval of any type of data object across all classes in the original UML model. The caCORE SDK is currently being used by several development teams, including by participants in the cancer biomedical informatics grid (caBIG program, to create compatible data services. caBIG compatibility standards are based upon caCORE resources, and thus the caCORE SDK has

  11. An Interoperability Platform Enabling Reuse of Electronic Health Records for Signal Verification Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuksel, Mustafa; Gonul, Suat; Laleci Erturkmen, Gokce Banu; Sinaci, Ali Anil; Invernizzi, Paolo; Facchinetti, Sara; Migliavacca, Andrea; Bergvall, Tomas; Depraetere, Kristof; De Roo, Jos

    2016-01-01

    Depending mostly on voluntarily sent spontaneous reports, pharmacovigilance studies are hampered by low quantity and quality of patient data. Our objective is to improve postmarket safety studies by enabling safety analysts to seamlessly access a wide range of EHR sources for collecting deidentified medical data sets of selected patient populations and tracing the reported incidents back to original EHRs. We have developed an ontological framework where EHR sources and target clinical research systems can continue using their own local data models, interfaces, and terminology systems, while structural interoperability and Semantic Interoperability are handled through rule-based reasoning on formal representations of different models and terminology systems maintained in the SALUS Semantic Resource Set. SALUS Common Information Model at the core of this set acts as the common mediator. We demonstrate the capabilities of our framework through one of the SALUS safety analysis tools, namely, the Case Series Characterization Tool, which have been deployed on top of regional EHR Data Warehouse of the Lombardy Region containing about 1 billion records from 16 million patients and validated by several pharmacovigilance researchers with real-life cases. The results confirm significant improvements in signal detection and evaluation compared to traditional methods with the missing background information. PMID:27123451

  12. An Interoperability Platform Enabling Reuse of Electronic Health Records for Signal Verification Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Yuksel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Depending mostly on voluntarily sent spontaneous reports, pharmacovigilance studies are hampered by low quantity and quality of patient data. Our objective is to improve postmarket safety studies by enabling safety analysts to seamlessly access a wide range of EHR sources for collecting deidentified medical data sets of selected patient populations and tracing the reported incidents back to original EHRs. We have developed an ontological framework where EHR sources and target clinical research systems can continue using their own local data models, interfaces, and terminology systems, while structural interoperability and Semantic Interoperability are handled through rule-based reasoning on formal representations of different models and terminology systems maintained in the SALUS Semantic Resource Set. SALUS Common Information Model at the core of this set acts as the common mediator. We demonstrate the capabilities of our framework through one of the SALUS safety analysis tools, namely, the Case Series Characterization Tool, which have been deployed on top of regional EHR Data Warehouse of the Lombardy Region containing about 1 billion records from 16 million patients and validated by several pharmacovigilance researchers with real-life cases. The results confirm significant improvements in signal detection and evaluation compared to traditional methods with the missing background information.

  13. Combining Ontology Development Methodologies and Semantic Web Platforms for E-government Domain Ontology Development

    CERN Document Server

    Dombeu, Jean Vincent Fonou; 10.5121/ijwest.2011.2202

    2011-01-01

    One of the key challenges in electronic government (e-government) is the development of systems that can be easily integrated and interoperated to provide seamless services delivery to citizens. In recent years, Semantic Web technologies based on ontology have emerged as promising solutions to the above engineering problems. However, current research practicing semantic development in e-government does not focus on the application of available methodologies and platforms for developing government domain ontologies. Furthermore, only a few of these researches provide detailed guidelines for developing semantic ontology models from a government service domain. This research presents a case study combining an ontology building methodology and two state-of-the-art Semantic Web platforms namely Protege and Java Jena ontology API for semantic ontology development in e-government. Firstly, a framework adopted from the Uschold and King ontology building methodology is employed to build a domain ontology describing th...

  14. Advancing translational research with the Semantic Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruttenberg, Alan; Clark, Tim; Bug, William; Samwald, Matthias; Bodenreider, Olivier; Chen, Helen; Doherty, Donald; Forsberg, Kerstin; Gao, Yong; Kashyap, Vipul; Kinoshita, June; Luciano, Joanne; Marshall, M Scott; Ogbuji, Chimezie; Rees, Jonathan; Stephens, Susie; Wong, Gwendolyn T; Wu, Elizabeth; Zaccagnini, Davide; Hongsermeier, Tonya; Neumann, Eric; Herman, Ivan; Cheung, Kei-Hoi

    2007-05-09

    A fundamental goal of the U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH) "Roadmap" is to strengthen Translational Research, defined as the movement of discoveries in basic research to application at the clinical level. A significant barrier to translational research is the lack of uniformly structured data across related biomedical domains. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web that enables navigation and meaningful use of digital resources by automatic processes. It is based on common formats that support aggregation and integration of data drawn from diverse sources. A variety of technologies have been built on this foundation that, together, support identifying, representing, and reasoning across a wide range of biomedical data. The Semantic Web Health Care and Life Sciences Interest Group (HCLSIG), set up within the framework of the World Wide Web Consortium, was launched to explore the application of these technologies in a variety of areas. Subgroups focus on making biomedical data available in RDF, working with biomedical ontologies, prototyping clinical decision support systems, working on drug safety and efficacy communication, and supporting disease researchers navigating and annotating the large amount of potentially relevant literature. We present a scenario that shows the value of the information environment the Semantic Web can support for aiding neuroscience researchers. We then report on several projects by members of the HCLSIG, in the process illustrating the range of Semantic Web technologies that have applications in areas of biomedicine. Semantic Web technologies present both promise and challenges. Current tools and standards are already adequate to implement components of the bench-to-bedside vision. On the other hand, these technologies are young. Gaps in standards and implementations still exist and adoption is limited by typical problems with early technology, such as the need for a critical mass of practitioners and installed base

  15. E-business in the energy industry: from pens and pencils to protection devices; E-Business in der Energieversorgungsindustrie: Von Bleistiften und Kugelschreibern bis zu Schutzgeraeten. Einkauf beschleunigen - Kosten senken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karl, N. [Business Development, eBusiness and Direct Sales, Siemens Bereich Power Transmission and Distribution, Nuernberg (Germany); Greeley, R. [Concert Software and Business Services GmbH, Erlangen (Germany)

    2005-02-21

    Placing orders electronically (e-procurement) is becoming today an essential part of companies e-business strategy. For energy industry suppliers, the question now is how do they support their customers (buyers) e-procurement projects, i.e. provide them with product content? Especially when the product information required is for complex engineering items, such as switchgear and protection devices. (orig.)

  16. WS/PIDS: standard interoperable PIDS in web services environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilescu, E; Dorobanţu, M; Govoni, S; Padh, S; Mun, S K

    2008-01-01

    An electronic health record depends on the consistent handling of people's identities within and outside healthcare organizations. Currently, the Person Identification Service (PIDS), a CORBA specification, is the only well-researched standard that meets these needs. In this paper, we introduce WS/PIDS, a PIDS specification for Web Services (WS) that closely matches the original PIDS and improves on it by providing explicit support for medical multimedia attributes. WS/PIDS is currently supported by a test implementation, layered on top of a PIDS back-end, with Java- and NET-based, and Web clients. WS/PIDS is interoperable among platforms; it preserves PIDS semantics to a large extent, and it is intended to be fully compliant with established and emerging WS standards. The specification is open source and immediately usable in dynamic clinical systems participating in grid environments. WS/PIDS has been tested successfully with a comprehensive set of use cases, and it is being used in a clinical research setting.

  17. Intercloud Architecture for interoperability and integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.; Laat, C. de

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture Framework (ICAF) that addresses problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous cloud based infrastructure services and applications integration and interoperability. The paper refers to existing standards in Cloud Co

  18. Intercloud architecture for interoperability and integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.; de Laat, C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture Framework (ICAF) that addresses problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous cloud based infrastructure services and applications integration and interoperability. The paper refers to existing standards in Cloud Co

  19. Benefit quantification of interoperability in coordinate metrology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savio, E.; Carmignato, S.; De Chiffre, Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    these inefficiencies. The paper presents a methodology for an economic evaluation of interoperability benefits with respect to the verification of geometrical product specifications. It requires input data from testing and inspection activities, as well as information on training of personnel and licensing of software...

  20. Smart Grid Interoperability Maturity Model Beta Version

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Widergren, Steven E.; Drummond, R.; Giroti, Tony; Houseman, Doug; Knight, Mark; Levinson, Alex; longcore, Wayne; Lowe, Randy; Mater, J.; Oliver, Terry V.; Slack, Phil; Tolk, Andreas; Montgomery, Austin

    2011-12-02

    The GridWise Architecture Council was formed by the U.S. Department of Energy to promote and enable interoperability among the many entities that interact with the electric power system. This balanced team of industry representatives proposes principles for the development of interoperability concepts and standards. The Council provides industry guidance and tools that make it an available resource for smart grid implementations. In the spirit of advancing interoperability of an ecosystem of smart grid devices and systems, this document presents a model for evaluating the maturity of the artifacts and processes that specify the agreement of parties to collaborate across an information exchange interface. You are expected to have a solid understanding of large, complex system integration concepts and experience in dealing with software component interoperation. Those without this technical background should read the Executive Summary for a description of the purpose and contents of the document. Other documents, such as checklists, guides, and whitepapers, exist for targeted purposes and audiences. Please see the www.gridwiseac.org website for more products of the Council that may be of interest to you.

  1. An Interoperable Security Framework for Connected Healthcare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asim, M.; Petkovic, M.; Qu, M.; Wang, C.

    2011-01-01

    Connected and interoperable healthcare system promises to reduce thecost of the healthcare delivery, increase its efficiency and enableconsumers to better engage with clinicians and manage their care. However at the same time it introduces new risks towards security andprivacy of personal health inf

  2. Equipping the enterprise interoperability problem solver

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Luttighuis, Paul; Folmer, Erwin; Charalabidis, Yannis

    2011-01-01

    The maturity of the enterprise interoperability field does not match the importance attached to it by many, both in the public as well as the private community. A host of models, paradigms, designs, standards, methods, and instruments seems to be available, but many of them are only used in rather s

  3. UGV Control Interoperability Profile (IOP), Version 0

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    sections provide best practice information (articles, papers , website, etc.) 5.1.1 OCU Physical Attributes 5.1.1.1 Standards Number Document...information (articles, papers , website, etc.). In future versions of this document, additional tables will be developed, containing standards and guidelines...Mounted Display ICD Interface Control Document IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IMS Intelligent Munitions Systems IOP Interoperability

  4. Equipping the Enterprise Interoperability Problem Solver

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oude Luttighuis, Paul; Folmer, Erwin Johan Albert; Charalabidis, Yannis

    2010-01-01

    The maturity of the enterprise interoperability field does not match the importance attached to it by many, both in the public as well as the private community. A host of models, paradigms, designs, standards, methods, and instruments seems to be available, but many of them are only used in rather s

  5. An Interoperable Security Framework for Connected Healthcare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asim, M.; Petkovic, M.; Qu, M.; Wang, C.

    2011-01-01

    Connected and interoperable healthcare system promises to reduce thecost of the healthcare delivery, increase its efficiency and enableconsumers to better engage with clinicians and manage their care. However at the same time it introduces new risks towards security andprivacy of personal health

  6. Intercloud architecture for interoperability and integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.; de Laat, C.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Intercloud Architecture Framework (ICAF) that addresses problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous cloud based infrastructure services and applications integration and interoperability. The paper refers to existing standards in Cloud

  7. A European study of E-business maturity and ICT-benefits: is there a conditional relationship?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batenburg, R.; Constantiou, I.

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. We aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence

  8. A European study of E-business maturity and ICT-benefits: is there a conditional relationship?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batenburg, R.; Constantiou, I.

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. We aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence

  9. Vision et stratégies des programmes de e - business à l’Université d’Ottawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Ferrand

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available I n this article w e describe the concepts and approaches from which programs of e - business have been designed, the strategies that prevailed during their implementation, the ar ticulation between professional programs and research programs, the choice of contents and their evolution. We also explicit the resources required , and outline the main lines of future development .

  10. Quality check carried out by bricklayers –An E-business solution in a chaotic environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Vogelius, Peter

    2006-01-01

    E-business solutions with mobile elements receives increasing attention. The paper evaluates a system within management of quality in architecture, engineering and construction businesses as a test- success which however does not embed in the industry due to a laissez faire type of IT-governance...

  11. Secure Environment for E-business Applications%安全电子商务应用环境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茜; 朱庆生; 吴中福

    2000-01-01

    E-busnisse has become a hot issue for Internet application,in which security is a key factor.This paper introduces the importance of security to e-business, some main techniques of security and their implementation on AS/400.

  12. Interoperability Outlook in the Big Data Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, K. S.; Ramachandran, R.

    2015-12-01

    The establishment of distributed active archive centers (DAACs) as data warehouses and the standardization of file format by NASA's Earth Observing System Data Information System (EOSDIS) had doubtlessly propelled interoperability of NASA Earth science data to unprecedented heights in the 1990s. However, we obviously still feel wanting two decades later. We believe the inadequate interoperability we experience is a result of the the current practice that data are first packaged into files before distribution and only the metadata of these files are cataloged into databases and become searchable. Data therefore cannot be efficiently filtered. Any extensive study thus requires downloading large volumes of data files to a local system for processing and analysis.The need to download data not only creates duplication and inefficiency but also further impedes interoperability, because the analysis has to be performed locally by individual researchers in individual institutions. Each institution or researcher often has its/his/her own preference in the choice of data management practice as well as programming languages. Analysis results (derived data) so produced are thus subject to the differences of these practices, which later form formidable barriers to interoperability. A number of Big Data technologies are currently being examined and tested to address Big Earth Data issues. These technologies share one common characteristics: exploiting compute and storage affinity to more efficiently analyze large volumes and great varieties of data. Distributed active "archive" centers are likely to evolve into distributed active "analysis" centers, which not only archive data but also provide analysis service right where the data reside. "Analysis" will become the more visible function of these centers. It is thus reasonable to expect interoperability to improve because analysis, in addition to data, becomes more centralized. Within a "distributed active analysis center

  13. Clinical data integration model. Core interoperability ontology for research using primary care data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ethier, J-F; Curcin, V; Barton, A; McGilchrist, M M; Bastiaens, H; Andreasson, A; Rossiter, J; Zhao, L; Arvanitis, T N; Taweel, A; Delaney, B C; Burgun, A

    2015-01-01

    This article is part of the Focus Theme of METHODS of Information in Medicine on "Managing Interoperability and Complexity in Health Systems". Primary care data is the single richest source of routine health care data. However its use, both in research and clinical work, often requires data from multiple clinical sites, clinical trials databases and registries. Data integration and interoperability are therefore of utmost importance. TRANSFoRm's general approach relies on a unified interoperability framework, described in a previous paper. We developed a core ontology for an interoperability framework based on data mediation. This article presents how such an ontology, the Clinical Data Integration Model (CDIM), can be designed to support, in conjunction with appropriate terminologies, biomedical data federation within TRANSFoRm, an EU FP7 project that aims to develop the digital infrastructure for a learning healthcare system in European Primary Care. TRANSFoRm utilizes a unified structural / terminological interoperability framework, based on the local-as-view mediation paradigm. Such an approach mandates the global information model to describe the domain of interest independently of the data sources to be explored. Following a requirement analysis process, no ontology focusing on primary care research was identified and, thus we designed a realist ontology based on Basic Formal Ontology to support our framework in collaboration with various terminologies used in primary care. The resulting ontology has 549 classes and 82 object properties and is used to support data integration for TRANSFoRm's use cases. Concepts identified by researchers were successfully expressed in queries using CDIM and pertinent terminologies. As an example, we illustrate how, in TRANSFoRm, the Query Formulation Workbench can capture eligibility criteria in a computable representation, which is based on CDIM. A unified mediation approach to semantic interoperability provides a

  14. Thalamic semantic paralexia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Hoffmann

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Alexia may be divided into different subtypes, with semantic paralexia being particularly rare. A 57 year old woman with a discreet left thalamic stroke and semantic paralexia is described. Language evalution with the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Battery confirmed the semantic paralexia (deep alexia. Multimodality magnetic resonance imaging brain scanning excluded other cerebral lesions. A good recovery ensued.

  15. Thalamic semantic paralexia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Alexia may be divided into different subtypes, with semantic paralexia being particularly rare. A 57 year old woman with a discreet left thalamic stroke and semantic paralexia is described. Language evalution with the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Battery confirmed the semantic paralexia (deep alexia). Multimodality magnetic resonance imaging brain scanning excluded other cerebral lesions. A good recovery ensued. PMID:22593810

  16. A review of research on the environmental impact of e-business and ICT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Lan; Thomas, Hywel R

    2007-08-01

    This paper attempts to provide a review of the current state of the art of how e-business/ICT affects the environment. The work reviewed is in various forms including journal papers and thesis which have been peer-reviewed, as well as other resources such as projects and project reports, conference and symposia, and websites. It is claimed that the research examined has captured the most important work to date, either for a general knowledge of this new area or for background study by experts carrying out future research. The review has found that the currently dominant approach is either a micro-level case study approach or a macro-level statistical approach. It is concluded that a more predictive and empirical model, which can be applied within a sector of society, should be more beneficial in the long term. This approach should help simulate potential impacts resulting from changes of indicators, so that positive effects can be promoted and negative ones alleviated proactively, rather than knowing and accepting outcomes passively.

  17. Impact of Web Site Functions on E-Business Success in Chinese Wholesale and Retail Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Qian; HUANG Jinghua

    2008-01-01

    Web sites are very important and companies can attract customers by promoting various features of the web site. This paper presents an analysis of the relationship between web site functions and firm performance. A research model based on the DeLone and McLean (D&M) model and customer service life cycle (CSLC) theory was used to investigate the impact of web site functions on e-business success. The research model considers web site functions, web site use, customer satisfaction, and firm performance. According to the CSLC theory, there are three stages in a customer service life cycle. Therefore, the web site functions are divided into three stages: requirements, acquisition, and ownership. The functions in each stage serve to encourage usage and thus, enhance customer satisfaction and firm performance. The theoretical model and hypotheses were tested using data collected from 72 wholesale and retail firms in China using the partial least squares (PLS) method. The results suggest that web site functions in the acquisition stage have the strongest impact on web site use and that the improvement of customer satisfaction can significantly increase firm performance.

  18. An Effective Analysis of Weblog Files to Improve Website Personalization for E-Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavyesh Gandhi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web is a perennial repository of immense information. Web has provided with too many options and web users are overloaded with information. As there is an enormous growth in the web in terms of web sites, the size of web usage data is also increasing gradually. But this web usage data plays a vital role in the effective management of web sites. This web usage data is stored in a file called weblog by the web server. In order to discover the knowledge, required for improving the performance of websites and web personalization, we need to apply best preprocessing methodology on the server weblog files. Data preprocessing is a phase which automatically identifies the meaningful patterns and user behavior. So far analyzing the weblog data has been a challenging task in the area of web usage mining. Web personalization is most effective approach to overcome the problem of information overload.In this paper we propose an effective and enhanced data preprocessing methodology which produces an efficient usage patterns, reduces the size of weblog and produce a personalized website which help to improve E-business.The experimental results are also shown in the following chapters

  19. Implementation of a Cloud Data Server (CDS for Providing Secure Service in E-Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Kesavaraja

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Data Servers is the novel approach for providing secure service to e-business .Millions of usersare surfing the Cloud for various purposes, therefore they need highly safe and persistent services.Usually hackers target particular Operating Systems or a Particular Controller. Inspiteof severalongoing researches Conventional Web Servers and its Intrusion Detection System might not be able todetect such attacks. So we implement a Cloud Data Server with Session Controller Architecture usingRedundancy and Disconnected Data Access Mechanism. In this paper, we generate the hash code usingMD5 algorithm. With the help of which we can circumvent even the attacks, which are undefined bytraditional Systems .we implement Cloud Data Sever using Java and Hash Code backup Managementusing My SQL. Here we Implement AES Algorithm for providing more Security for the hash Code. TheCDS using the Virtual Controller controls and monitors the Connections and modifications of the page soas to prevent malicious users from hacking the website. In the proposed approach an activity analyzertakes care of intimating the administrator about possible intrusions and the counter measures required totackle them. The efficiency ratio of our approach is 98.21% compared with similar approaches.

  20. Data interoperability software solution for emergency reaction in the Europe Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Casado

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Emergency management becomes more challenging in international crisis episodes because of cultural, semantic and linguistic differences between all stakeholders, especially first responders. Misunderstandings between first responders makes decision-making slower and more difficult. However, spread and development of networks and IT-based Emergency Management Systems (EMS has improved emergency responses, becoming more coordinated. Despite improvements made in recent years, EMS have not still solved problems related to cultural, semantic and linguistic differences which are the real cause of slower decision-making. In addition, from a technical perspective, the consolidation of current EMS and the different formats used to exchange information offers another problem to be solved in any solution proposed for information interoperability between heterogeneous EMS surrounded by different contexts. To overcome these problems we present a software solution based on semantic and mediation technologies. EMERGency ELements (EMERGEL (Fundacion CTIC and AntwortING Ingenieurbüro PartG 2013, a common and modular ontology shared by all the stakeholders, has been defined. It offers the best solution to gather all stakeholders' knowledge in a unique and flexible data model, taking into account different countries cultural linguistic issues. To deal with the diversity of data protocols and formats, we have designed a Service Oriented Architecture for Data Interoperability (named DISASTER providing a flexible extensible solution to solve the mediation issues. Web Services have been adopted as specific technology to implement such paradigm that has the most significant academic and industrial visibility and attraction. Contributions of this work have been validated through the design and development of a cross-border realistic prototype scenario, actively involving both emergency managers and emergency first responders: the Netherlands–Germany border fire.

  1. Semantic networks of English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, G A; Fellbaum, C

    1991-12-01

    Principles of lexical semantics developed in the course of building an on-line lexical database are discussed. The approach is relational rather than componential. The fundamental semantic relation is synonymy, which is required in order to define the lexicalized concepts that words can be used to express. Other semantic relations between these concepts are then described. No single set of semantic relations or organizational structure is adequate for the entire lexicon: nouns, adjectives, and verbs each have their own semantic relations and their own organization determined by the role they must play in the construction of linguistic messages.

  2. Semantic Text Indexing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Kaleta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a specific issue of the semantic analysis of texts in natural language – text indexing and describes one field of its application (web browsing.The main part of this article describes the computer system assigning a set of semantic indexes (similar to keywords to a particular text. The indexing algorithm employs a semantic dictionary to find specific words in a text, that represent a text content. Furthermore it compares two given sets of semantic indexes to determine texts’ similarity (assigning numerical value. The article describes the semantic dictionary – a tool essentialto accomplish this task and its usefulness, main concepts of the algorithm and test results.

  3. Semantically Enhanced Online Configuration of Feedback Control Schemes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milis, Georgios M; Panayiotou, Christos G; Polycarpou, Marios M

    2017-03-31

    Recent progress toward the realization of the ``Internet of Things'' has improved the ability of physical and soft/cyber entities to operate effectively within large-scale, heterogeneous systems. It is important that such capacity be accompanied by feedback control capabilities sufficient to ensure that the overall systems behave according to their specifications and meet their functional objectives. To achieve this, such systems require new architectures that facilitate the online deployment, composition, interoperability, and scalability of control system components. Most current control systems lack scalability and interoperability because their design is based on a fixed configuration of specific components, with knowledge of their individual characteristics only implicitly passed through the design. This paper addresses the need for flexibility when replacing components or installing new components, which might occur when an existing component is upgraded or when a new application requires a new component, without the need to readjust or redesign the overall system. A semantically enhanced feedback control architecture is introduced for a class of systems, aimed at accommodating new components into a closed-loop control framework by exploiting the semantic inference capabilities of an ontology-based knowledge model. This architecture supports continuous operation of the control system, a crucial property for large-scale systems for which interruptions have negative impact on key performance metrics that may include human comfort and welfare or economy costs. A case-study example from the smart buildings domain is used to illustrate the proposed architecture and semantic inference mechanisms.

  4. Towards Semantic e-Science for Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Chunying

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent advances in Web and information technologies with the increasing decentralization of organizational structures have resulted in massive amounts of information resources and domain-specific services in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The massive volume and diversity of information and services available have made it difficult to achieve seamless and interoperable e-Science for knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM. Therefore, information integration and service coordination are two major challenges in e-Science for TCM. We still lack sophisticated approaches to integrate scientific data and services for TCM e-Science. Results We present a comprehensive approach to build dynamic and extendable e-Science applications for knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM based on semantic and knowledge-based techniques. The semantic e-Science infrastructure for TCM supports large-scale database integration and service coordination in a virtual organization. We use domain ontologies to integrate TCM database resources and services in a semantic cyberspace and deliver a semantically superior experience including browsing, searching, querying and knowledge discovering to users. We have developed a collection of semantic-based toolkits to facilitate TCM scientists and researchers in information sharing and collaborative research. Conclusion Semantic and knowledge-based techniques are suitable to knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM. It's possible to build on-demand e-Science system for TCM based on existing semantic and knowledge-based techniques. The presented approach in the paper integrates heterogeneous distributed TCM databases and services, and provides scientists with semantically superior experience to support collaborative research in TCM discipline.

  5. Biomedical semantics in the Semantic Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Splendiani, Andrea; Burger, Albert; Paschke, Adrian; Romano, Paolo; Marshall, M Scott

    2011-03-07

    The Semantic Web offers an ideal platform for representing and linking biomedical information, which is a prerequisite for the development and application of analytical tools to address problems in data-intensive areas such as systems biology and translational medicine. As for any new paradigm, the adoption of the Semantic Web offers opportunities and poses questions and challenges to the life sciences scientific community: which technologies in the Semantic Web stack will be more beneficial for the life sciences? Is biomedical information too complex to benefit from simple interlinked representations? What are the implications of adopting a new paradigm for knowledge representation? What are the incentives for the adoption of the Semantic Web, and who are the facilitators? Is there going to be a Semantic Web revolution in the life sciences?We report here a few reflections on these questions, following discussions at the SWAT4LS (Semantic Web Applications and Tools for Life Sciences) workshop series, of which this Journal of Biomedical Semantics special issue presents selected papers from the 2009 edition, held in Amsterdam on November 20th.

  6. An Application of the Geo-Semantic Micro-services in Seamless Data-Model Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, P.; Elag, M.; Kumar, P.; Liu, R.; Hu, Y.; Marini, L.; Peckham, S. D.; Hsu, L.

    2016-12-01

    Seamless data-model integration is usually difficult due to the heterogeneity of the entities (i.e., data and model). These heterogeneities arise from different usages of variable names, units, tempo-spatial property, file formant and programming language. Semantic web technology provides an opportunity to lower the interoperability barrier of data-model integration by enriching the semantics of each entity. In this study, we show an example of seamlessly coupling Model-as-a-Service (MaaS) and Data-as-a-Service (DaaS) by using the micro-services developed in the Geo-Semantic project supported by NSF Earthcube program. The goal of the Geo-Semantic poject is to develop a set of micro-services, which are rooted in the semantic web technology, to couple the heterogeneous data and model. The considered MaaS and DaaS in this application are the web service models developed by adopting the Basic Model Interfaces and Clowder (an online data repository), respectively. Through the Geo-Semantic micro-services, we are able to enrich the semantics of data in Clowder by using the Semantic Annotation Service, find the data file required for the input of the model by using the Knowledge Discovery Service, and transform the data file into the required format for the model's input by using the Resource Alignment Service. The entire orchestration is performed in Experimental Modeling Environment for Linking and Interoperability - Web Application, a web application for integrating the BMI-enabled web service TopoFlow components and Clowder-supported data from Intensely Managed Landscapes Critical Zone Observatory (IMLCZO). We demonstrate that it is possible to efficiently achieve seamless data-model integration by using the Geo-Semantic architecture, therefore potentially saving scientists huge amounts of time in data preparation for models.

  7. Produce More Oil and Gas via eBusiness Data Sharing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul Jehn; Mike Stettner; Ben Grunewald

    2005-07-22

    GWPC, DOGGR, and other state agencies propose to build eBusiness applications based on a .NET front-end user interface for the DOE's Energy 100 Award-winning Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) data source and XML Web services. This project will slash the costs of regulatory compliance by automating routine regulatory reporting and permit notice review and by making it easier to exchange data with the oil and gas industry--especially small, independent operators. Such operators, who often do not have sophisticated in-house databases, will be able to use a subset of the same RBDMS tools available to the agencies on the desktop to file permit notices and production reports online. Once the data passes automated quality control checks, the application will upload the data into the agency's RBDMS data source. The operators also will have access to state agency datasets to focus exploration efforts and to perform production forecasting, economic evaluations, and risk assessments. With the ability to identify economically feasible oil and gas prospects, including unconventional plays, over the Internet, operators will minimize travel and other costs. Because GWPC will coordinate these data sharing efforts with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), this project will improve access to public lands and make strides towards reducing the duplicative reporting to which industry is now subject for leases that cross jurisdictions. The resulting regulatory streamlining and improved access to agency data will make more domestic oil and gas available to the American public while continuing to safeguard environmental assets.

  8. Components Interoperability through Mediating Connector Patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Spalazzese, Romina; 10.4204/EPTCS.37.3

    2010-01-01

    A key objective for ubiquitous environments is to enable system interoperability between system's components that are highly heterogeneous. In particular, the challenge is to embed in the system architecture the necessary support to cope with behavioral diversity in order to allow components to coordinate and communicate. The continuously evolving environment further asks for an automated and on-the-fly approach. In this paper we present the design building blocks for the dynamic and on-the-fly interoperability between heterogeneous components. Specifically, we describe an Architectural Pattern called Mediating Connector, that is the key enabler for communication. In addition, we present a set of Basic Mediator Patterns, that describe the basic mismatches which can occur when components try to interact, and their corresponding solutions.

  9. An Approach towards Enterprise Interoperability Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razavi, Mahsa; Aliee, Fereidoon Shams

    Enterprise Architecture (EA) as a discipline with numerous and enterprise-wide models, can support decision making on enterprise-wide issues. In order to provide such support, EA models should be amenable to analysis of various utilities and quality attributes. This paper provides a method towards EA interoperability analysis. This approach is based on Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and considers the situation of the enterprise in giving weight to the different criteria and sub criteria of each utility. It proposes a quantitative method of assessing Interoperability achievement of different scenarios using AHP based on the knowledge and experience of EA experts and domain experts, and helps in deciding between them. The applicability of the proposed approach is demonstrated using a practical case study.

  10. The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuan Shi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Web service is a technological solution for software interoperability that supports the seamless integration of diverse applications. In the vision of web service architecture, web services are described by the Web Service Description Language (WSDL, discovered through Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI and communicate by the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP. Such a divination has never been fully accomplished yet. Although it was criticized that WSDL only has a syntactic definition of web services, but was not semantic, prior initiatives in semantic web services did not establish a correct methodology to resolve the problem. This paper examines the distinction and relationship between the syntactic and semantic definitions for web services that characterize different purposes in service computation. Further, this paper proposes that the semantics of web service are neutral and independent from the service interface definition, data types and platform. Such a conclusion can be a universal law in software engineering and service computing. Several use cases in the GIScience application are examined in this paper, while the formalization of geospatial services needs to be constructed by the GIScience community towards a comprehensive ontology of the conceptual definitions and relationships for geospatial computation. Advancements in semantic web services research will happen in domain science applications.

  11. Interoperability of wearable cuffless BP measuring devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Zhang, Yuan-Ting

    2014-01-01

    While a traditional cuff-based Blood Pressure (BP) measuring device can only take a snap shot of BP, real-time and continuous measurement of BP without an occluding cuff is preferred which usually use the pulse transit time (PTT) in combination with other physiological parameters to estimate or track BP over a certain period of time after an initial calibration. This article discusses some perspectives of interoperability of wearable medical devices, based on IEEE P1708 draft standard that focuses on the objective performance evaluation of wearable cuffless BP measuring devices. The ISO/IEEE 11073 family of standards, supporting the plug-and play feature, is intended to enable medical devices to interconnect and interoperate with other medical devices and with computerized healthcare information systems in a manner suitable for the clinical environment. In this paper, the possible adoption of ISO/IEEE 11073 for the interoperability of wearable cuffless BP devices is proposed. In the consideration of the difference of the continuous and cuffless BP measuring methods from the conventional ones, the existing device specialization standards of ISO/IEEE 11073 cannot be directly followed when designing the cuffless BP device. Specifically, this paper discusses how the domain information model (DIM), in which vital sign information is abstracted as objects, is used to structure the information about the device and that generated from the device. Though attention should also be paid to adopt the communication standards for other parts for the communication system, applying communication standards that enable plug-and-play feature allows achieving the interoperability of different cuffless BP measuring devices with possible different configurations.

  12. Dynamic Reconfiguration and Interoperation in Infospace Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    alongside and in conjunction with existing information management systems ( IMSs ) (as illustrated in Figure 2) to manage the production, delivery, and...of interfaces for interoperation between the QMS and various IMSs and publication/subscription (pub/sub) services. The interfaces support (1... IMSs . 2.1 QMS Core Components QMS Core consists of core modules and a connectivity monitor. The core modules are illustrated in Figure 7 and

  13. On Web Services Based Cloud Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reeta Sony A.L

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Computing is a paradigm shift in the field of Computing. It is moving at an incredible fast pace and one of the fastest evolving domains of computer science today. It consist set of technology and service models that concentrates on the internet base use and delivery of IT applications, processing capability, storage and memory space. There is a shift from the traditional in-house servers and applications to the next generation of cloud computing applications. With many of the computer giants like Google, Microsoft, etc. entering into the cloud computing arena, there will be thousands of applications running on the cloud. There are several cloud environments available in the market today which support a huge consumer-base. Eventually this will lead to a multitude of standards, technologies and products being provided on the cloud. Consumers will need certain degrees of flexibility to use the cloud application/services of their choice and at the same time will need these applications/services to communicate with each other. This paper emphasizes cloud computing and provides a solution to achieve Interoperability, which is in the form of Web Services. The paper will also provide a Live Case Study where interoperability comes into play - Connecting Google App Engine and Microsoft Windows Azure Platform, two of the leading Cloud Platforms available today. GAE and WAP are two Cloud Frameworks which have very little in common, making interoperability an absolute necessary.

  14. Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web

    CERN Document Server

    Ashish, Naveen

    2011-01-01

    The availability of geographic and geospatial information and services, especially on the open Web has become abundant in the last several years with the proliferation of online maps, geo-coding services, geospatial Web services and geospatially enabled applications. The need for geospatial reasoning has significantly increased in many everyday applications including personal digital assistants, Web search applications, local aware mobile services, specialized systems for emergency response, medical triaging, intelligence analysis and more. Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web: Foundation

  15. Collaborative e-Business Process Modelling: A Holistic Analysis Framework focused on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Hoyer, Volker; Christ, Oliver

    2007-01-01

    In this work, we propose a holistic analysis framework for collaborative e-Business process modelling approaches that takes into account the specific challenges small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) are facing with regard to modelling inter-organizational processes. Based on concepts of the management approach Balanced Scorecard (BSC) four different perspectives are derived from empirical studies, conceptual research results and completed with modelling experiences of an EU-funded proje...

  16. AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON LEVEL OF E-BUSINESS APPLICATION IN PORTS OF NAUTICAL TOURISM IN MONTENEGRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Vukčević

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Electronic business in tourism industry plays an essential role in increasing the level of competitiveness in a global, highly competitive tourism market. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to analyze and determine the level of electronic business application in different organizational sectors, among selected ports of nautical tourism in Montenegro. The research is based on data gathered from 150 marina managers through a structured questionnaire. This study included five largest Montenegrin marinas, where three of them are state-owned, while other two are privately owned. This implies a different ownership arrangement, management system and business organization. Analysis results of these different business systems, which perform the same activity, can create a clearer idea of the business organization, investment and achieving economic effects of modern business and the influence that they have on the further development of the yachting industry. The survey was conducted from January to April 2016. The findings suggest that the level of e-business application within Montenegrin marinas is far from desirable. Further analysis has revealed that the main reasons for low level of e-business adoption among ports of nautical tourism in Montenegro are the lack of clear e-business strategy, low level of ICT investments and knowledge among managers. However, the findings contain important recommendations for marina's managers and owners about the potential gains of accepting/using e-business for their businesses and their effects on business performance. Results presented in the study can also provide useful insights for government agencies such as Montenegrin Ministry of Transport and Montenegrin Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, for the formulation of their future strategies and legal frameworks regarding nautical tourism and shipping.

  17. ONTOLOGY BASED SEMANTIC KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION FOR SOFTWARE RISK MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.R.Rene Robin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Domain specific knowledge representation is achieved through the use of ontologies. The ontology model of software risk management is an effective approach for the intercommunion between people from teaching and learning community, the communication and interoperation among various knowledge oriented applications, and the share and reuse of the software. But the lack of formal representation tools for domain modeling results in taking liberties with conceptualization. This paper narrates an ontology based semantic knowledge representation mechanism and the architecture we proposed has been successfully implemented for the domain software riskmanagement.

  18. „ORACLE E-BUSINESS SUITE” MIGRĀCIJA STARP DAŽĀDĀM VERSIJĀM

    OpenAIRE

    Dansone, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Maģistra darbā analizēta uzņēmumu resursu pārvaldības sistēmās "Oracle E-Business Suite" migrācija starp dažādām versijām. Darba gaitā izpētīti ieteikumi „Oracle E-Business Suite” migrācijai, apskatīta Oracle E-Business Suite standartfunkcionalitāte un arhitektūra, izanalizēta uzņēmuma pieredze šīs sistēmas migrēšanā, apzināti ieteikumi un rekomendācijas šī procesa uzlabošanā, apskatīta risku pārvaldība, apskatīts COBIT standarts, izanalizēti riski, veikta pieteikumu analīze pirms migrāci...

  19. Developing enterprise collaboration: a methodology to implement and improve interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daclin, Nicolas; Chen, David; Vallespir, Bruno

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this article is to present a methodology for guiding enterprises to implement and improve interoperability. This methodology is based on three components: a framework of interoperability which structures specific solutions of interoperability and is composed of abstraction levels, views and approaches dimensions; a method to measure interoperability including interoperability before (maturity) and during (operational performances) a partnership; and a structured approach defining the steps of the methodology, from the expression of an enterprise's needs to implementation of solutions. The relationship which consistently relates these components forms the methodology and enables developing interoperability in a step-by-step manner. Each component of the methodology and the way it operates is presented. The overall approach is illustrated in a case study example on the basis of a process between a given company and its dealers. Conclusions and future perspectives are given at the end of the article.

  20. Interoperability of Knowledge Units in Plant Protection: Case Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Beránková

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we provide two case studies on interoperability and transfer of knowledge in the environment of acompany dealing with plant protection. We find that the area of plant protection is highly oriented on workingwith knowledge. In this case interoperability of knowledge can play an important role in acquiring knowledgefrom different environments to solve specific problem in companies dealing with plant protection. Nevertheless,the concept of interoperability is well-developed on the level of data and information only.We stem from our previous works, where we defined a logical concept for the interoperability of knowledge onthe level of knowledge units. The objective of this work is to show how to apply our process model ofknowledge interoperability in a particular plant protection company. Two case studies are provided in order todemonstrate distinguishing between simple knowledge transfer and knowledge interoperability.

  1. Towards semantic web mining

    OpenAIRE

    Berendt, Bettina; Hotho, Andreas; Stumme, Gerd

    2002-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two fast-developing research areas Semantic Web and Web Mining. The idea is to improve, on the one hand, the results of Web Mining by exploiting the new semantic structures in the Web; and to make use of Web Mining, on overview of where the two areas meet today, and sketches ways of how a closer integration could be profitable.

  2. Telemedicine system interoperability architecture: concept description and architecture overview.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Craft, Richard Layne, II

    2004-05-01

    In order for telemedicine to realize the vision of anywhere, anytime access to care, it must address the question of how to create a fully interoperable infrastructure. This paper describes the reasons for pursuing interoperability, outlines operational requirements that any interoperability approach needs to consider, proposes an abstract architecture for meeting these needs, identifies candidate technologies that might be used for rendering this architecture, and suggests a path forward that the telemedicine community might follow.

  3. A dynamic and context-aware semantic mediation service for discovering and fusion of heterogeneous sensor data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Bakillah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Sensors play an increasingly critical role in capturing and distributing observation of phenomena in our environment. The Semantic Sensor Web enables interoperability to support various applications that use data made available by semantically heterogeneous sensor services. However, several challenges still need to be addressed to achieve this vision. More particularly, mechanisms that can support context-aware semantic mapping that adapts to dynamic metadata of sensors are required. Semantic mapping for Sensor Web is required to support sensor data fusion, sensor data discovery and retrieval, and automatic semantic annotation, to name only a few applications. This paper presents a context-aware ontology-based semantic mediation service for heterogeneous sensor services. The semantic mediation service is context-aware and dynamic because it takes into account the real-time variability of thematic, spatial and temporal features that describe sensor data in different contexts. The semantic mediation service integrates rule-based reasoning to support resolution of semantic heterogeneities. An application scenario is presented showing how the semantic mediation service can improve sensor data interpretation, reuse, and sharing in static and dynamic settings.

  4. A Prototype Ontology Tool and Interface for Coastal Atlas Interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, D. J.; Bermudez, L.; O'Dea, L.; Haddad, T.; Cummins, V.

    2007-12-01

    While significant capacity has been built in the field of web-based coastal mapping and informatics in the last decade, little has been done to take stock of the implications of these efforts or to identify best practice in terms of taking lessons learned into consideration. This study reports on the second of two transatlantic workshops that bring together key experts from Europe, the United States and Canada to examine state-of-the-art developments in coastal web atlases (CWA), based on web enabled geographic information systems (GIS), along with future needs in mapping and informatics for the coastal practitioner community. While multiple benefits are derived from these tailor-made atlases (e.g. speedy access to multiple sources of coastal data and information; economic use of time by avoiding individual contact with different data holders), the potential exists to derive added value from the integration of disparate CWAs, to optimize decision-making at a variety of levels and across themes. The second workshop focused on the development of a strategy to make coastal web atlases interoperable by way of controlled vocabularies and ontologies. The strategy is based on web service oriented architecture and an implementation of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) web services, such as Web Feature Services (WFS) and Web Map Service (WMS). Atlases publishes Catalog Web Services (CSW) using ISO 19115 metadata and controlled vocabularies encoded as Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs). URIs allows the terminology of each atlas to be uniquely identified and facilitates mapping of terminologies using semantic web technologies. A domain ontology was also created to formally represent coastal erosion terminology as a use case, and with a test linkage of those terms between the Marine Irish Digital Atlas and the Oregon Coastal Atlas. A web interface is being developed to discover coastal hazard themes in distributed coastal atlases as part of a broader International Coastal

  5. Semantic web for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Pollock, Jeffrey T

    2009-01-01

    Semantic Web technology is already changing how we interact with data on the Web. By connecting random information on the Internet in new ways, Web 3.0, as it is sometimes called, represents an exciting online evolution. Whether you're a consumer doing research online, a business owner who wants to offer your customers the most useful Web site, or an IT manager eager to understand Semantic Web solutions, Semantic Web For Dummies is the place to start! It will help you:Know how the typical Internet user will recognize the effects of the Semantic WebExplore all the benefits the data Web offers t

  6. Applied Semantic Web Technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Sugumaran, Vijayan

    2011-01-01

    The rapid advancement of semantic web technologies, along with the fact that they are at various levels of maturity, has left many practitioners confused about the current state of these technologies. Focusing on the most mature technologies, Applied Semantic Web Technologies integrates theory with case studies to illustrate the history, current state, and future direction of the semantic web. It maintains an emphasis on real-world applications and examines the technical and practical issues related to the use of semantic technologies in intelligent information management. The book starts with

  7. Semantic Role Labeling

    CERN Document Server

    Palmer, Martha; Xue, Nianwen

    2011-01-01

    This book is aimed at providing an overview of several aspects of semantic role labeling. Chapter 1 begins with linguistic background on the definition of semantic roles and the controversies surrounding them. Chapter 2 describes how the theories have led to structured lexicons such as FrameNet, VerbNet and the PropBank Frame Files that in turn provide the basis for large scale semantic annotation of corpora. This data has facilitated the development of automatic semantic role labeling systems based on supervised machine learning techniques. Chapter 3 presents the general principles of applyin

  8. Semantic technologies and linked data for the Italian PA: the case of data.cnr.it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Gangemi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Governmental data are being published in many countries, providing an unprecedented opportunity to create innovative services and to increase societal awareness about administration dynamics. In particular, semantic technologies for linked data production and exploitation prove to be ideal for managing identity and interoperability of administrative entities and data. This paper presents the current state of art, and evolution scenarios of these technologies, with reference to several case studies, including two of them from the Italian context: CNR's Semantic Scout, and DigitPA's Linked Open IPA.

  9. OGC Geographic Information Service Deductive Semantic Reasoning Based on Description Vocabularies Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIAO Lizhi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As geographic information interoperability and sharing developing, more and more interoperable OGC (open geospatial consortium Web services (OWS are generated and published through the internet. These services can facilitate the integration of different scientific applications by searching, finding, and utilizing the large number of scientific data and Web services. However, these services are widely dispersed and hard to be found and utilized with executive semantic retrieval. This is especially true when considering the weak semantic description of geographic information service data. Focusing on semantic retrieval and reasoning of the distributed OWS resources, a deductive and semantic reasoning method is proposed to describe and search relevant OWS resources. Specifically, ①description words are extracted from OWS metadata file to generate GISe ontology-database and instance-database based on geographic ontology according to basic geographic elements category, ②a description words reduction model is put forward to implement knowledge reduction on GISe instance-database based on rough set theory and generate optimized instances database, ③utilizing GISe ontology-database and optimized instance-database to implement semantic inference and reasoning of geographic searching objects is used as an example to demonstrate the efficiency, feasibility and recall ration of the proposed description-word-based reduction model.

  10. Integrated coastal management, marine spatial data infrastructures, and semantic web services

    OpenAIRE

    Cömert, Çetin; Ulutaş, Deniztan; Akıncı, Halil; Kara, Gülten

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work was to get acquainted with semantic web services (SWS) and assess their potential for the implementation of technical interoperability infrastructure of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs). SDIs are widely accepted way of enabling collaboration among various parties allowing sharing of “data” and “services” of each other. Collaboration is indispensable given either the business model or other requirements such as that of “Sustainable Development” of the date. SDIs can be ...

  11. ANTECEDENTES ESTRATÉGICOS Y MODELOS DE NEGOCIOS: UNA PROPUESTA DE ANÁLISIS PARA EL DESEMPEÑO DE E-BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    A Internet vem revolucionando a maneira das empresas fazerem negócios, tornando-se uma poderosa ferramenta para sua realização (e-business). Este ensaio tem por objetivo analisar, de forma conjugada, as principais abordagens teóricas subjacentes ao e-business. Para tal, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica nas principais bases de dados nacionais e internacionais para identificar e classificar as principais correntes teóricas. Detectou-se que o e-business vem sendo estudado por duas perspec...

  12. Toward an E-Government Semantic Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbodio, Marco Luca; Moulin, Claude; Benamou, Norbert; Barthès, Jean-Paul

    This chapter describes the major aspects of an e-government platform in which semantics underpins more traditional technologies in order to enable new capabilities and to overcome technical and cultural challenges. The design and development of such an e-government Semantic Platform has been conducted with the financial support of the European Commission through the Terregov research project: "Impact of e-government on Territorial Government Services" (Terregov 2008). The goal of this platform is to let local government and government agencies offer online access to their services in an interoperable way, and to allow them to participate in orchestrated processes involving services provided by multiple agencies. Implementing a business process through an electronic procedure is indeed a core goal in any networked organization. However, the field of e-government brings specific constraints to the operations allowed in procedures, especially concerning the flow of private citizens' data: because of legal reasons in most countries, such data are allowed to circulate only from agency to agency directly. In order to promote transparency and responsibility in e-government while respecting the specific constraints on data flows, Terregov supports the creation of centrally controlled orchestrated processes; while the cross agencies data flows are centrally managed, data flow directly across agencies.

  13. An Integrated Framework to Achieve Interoperability in Person-Centric Health Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Vergari

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The need for high-quality out-of-hospital healthcare is a known socioeconomic problem. Exploiting ICT's evolution, ad-hoc telemedicine solutions have been proposed in the past. Integrating such ad-hoc solutions in order to cost-effectively support the entire healthcare cycle is still a research challenge. In order to handle the heterogeneity of relevant information and to overcome the fragmentation of out-of-hospital instrumentation in person-centric healthcare systems, a shared and open source interoperability component can be adopted, which is ontology driven and based on the semantic web data model. The feasibility and the advantages of the proposed approach are demonstrated by presenting the use case of real-time monitoring of patients' health and their environmental context.

  14. Connecting Archaeological Data and Grey Literature via Semantic Cross Search

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Tudhope

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Differing terminology and database structure hinders meaningful cross search of excavation datasets. Matching free text grey literature reports with datasets poses yet more challenges. Conventional search techniques are unable to cross search between archaeological datasets and Web-based grey literature. Results are reported from two AHRC funded research projects that investigated the use of semantic techniques to link digital archive databases, vocabularies and associated grey literature. STAR (Semantic Technologies for Archaeological Resources was a collaboration between the University of Glamorgan, Hypermedia Research Unit and English Heritage (EH. The main outcome is a research Demonstrator (available online, which cross searches over excavation datasets from different database schemas, including Raunds Roman, Raunds Prehistoric, Museum of London, Silchester Roman and Stanwick sampling. The system additionally cross searches over an extract of excavation reports from the OASIS index of grey literature, operated by the Archaeology Data Service (ADS. A conceptual framework provided by the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM integrates the different database structures and the metadata automatically generated from the OASIS reports by natural language processing techniques. The methods employed for extracting semantic RDF representations from the datasets and the information extraction from grey literature are described. The STELLAR project provides freely available tools to reduce the costs of mapping and extracting data to semantic search systems such as the Demonstrator and to linked data representation generally. Detailed use scenarios (and a screen capture video provide a basis for a discussion of key issues, including cost-benefits, ontology modelling, mapping, terminology control, semantic implementation and information extraction issues. The scenarios show that semantic interoperability can be achieved by mapping and extracting

  15. OTF CCSDS SM and C Interoperability Prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Walter F.; Lucord, Steven A.; Stevens, John E.

    2008-01-01

    A presentation is provided to demonstrate the interoperability between two space flight Mission Operation Centers (MOCs) and to emulate telemetry, actions, and alert flows between the two centers. One framework uses a COTS C31 system that uses CORBA to interface to the local OTF data network. The second framework relies on current Houston MCC frameworks and ad hoc clients. Messaging relies on SM and C MAL, Core and Common Service formats, while the transport layer uses AMS. A centralized SM and C Registry uses HTTP/XML for transport/encoding. The project's status and progress are reviewed.

  16. RFID in libraries a step toward interoperability

    CERN Document Server

    Ayre, Lori Bowen

    2012-01-01

    The approval by The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) of a new standard for RFID in libraries is a big step toward interoperability among libraries and vendors. By following this set of practices and procedures, libraries can ensure that an RFID tag in one library can be used seamlessly by another, assuming both comply, even if they have different suppliers for tags, hardware, and software. In this issue of Library Technology Reports, Lori Bowen Ayre, an experienced implementer of automated materials handling systems, Provides background on the evolution of the standard

  17. AliEn - EDG Interoperability in ALICE

    OpenAIRE

    Bagnasco, S.; Barbera, R; Buncic, P.; Carminati, F.; Cerello, P.; Saiz, P.

    2003-01-01

    AliEn (ALICE Environment) is a GRID-like system for large scale job submission and distributed data management developed and used in the context of ALICE, the CERN LHC heavy-ion experiment. With the aim of exploiting upcoming Grid resources to run AliEn-managed jobs and store the produced data, the problem of AliEn-EDG interoperability was addressed and an in-terface was designed. One or more EDG (European Data Grid) User Interface machines run the AliEn software suite (Cluster Monitor, Stora...

  18. Open Source Interoperability: It's More than Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominic Sartorio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Open Solutions Alliance is a consortium of leading commercial open source vendors, integrators and end users dedicated to the growth of open source based solutions in the enterprise. We believe Linux and other infrastructure software, such as Apache, has become mainstream, and packaged solutions represent the next great growth opportunity. However some unique challenges can temper that opportunity. These challenges include getting the word out about the maturity and enterprise-readiness of those solutions, ensuring interoperability both with each other and with other proprietary and legacy solutions, and ensuring healthy collaboration between vendors and their respective customer and developer communities.

  19. Linguistic Semantics: An Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, John

    The book, designed as a textbook for introductory study of semantics within college-level linguistics, focuses on the study of meaning as it is systematically encoded in the vocabulary and grammar of natural languages. The term "semantics" is presumed here to include pragmatics. An introductory section explains fundamental theoretical and…

  20. Semantics of Statebuilding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grasten, Maj Lervad

    2016-01-01

    Book review of: Semantics of Statebuilding: Language, Meanings & Sovereignty / (eds) Nicolas Lemay-Hébert, Nicholas Onuf, Vojin Rakić, Petar Bojanić. Abingdon: Routledge, 2014. 200 pp.......Book review of: Semantics of Statebuilding: Language, Meanings & Sovereignty / (eds) Nicolas Lemay-Hébert, Nicholas Onuf, Vojin Rakić, Petar Bojanić. Abingdon: Routledge, 2014. 200 pp....

  1. The Semantic Learning Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sicilia, Miguel-Angel; Lytras, Miltiadis D.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is introducing the concept of a "semantic learning organization" (SLO) as an extension of the concept of "learning organization" in the technological domain. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes existing definitions and conceptualizations of both learning organizations and Semantic Web technology to develop…

  2. Communication: General Semantics Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thayer, Lee, Ed.

    This book contains the edited papers from the eleventh International Conference on General Semantics, titled "A Search for Relevance." The conference questioned, as a central theme, the relevance of general semantics in a world of wars and human misery. Reacting to a fundamental Korzybski-ian principle that man's view of reality is distorted by…

  3. Pragmatics for formal semantics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danvy, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    This tech talk describes how to write and how to inter-derive formal semantics for sequential programming languages. The progress reported here is (1) concrete guidelines to write each formal semantics to alleviate their proof obligations, and (2) simple calculational tools to obtain a formal...

  4. Electronic Healthcare Record and clinical research in cardiovascular radiology. HL7 CDA and CDISC ODM interoperability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Fadly, A; Daniel, C; Bousquet, C; Dart, T; Lastic, P-Y; Degoulet, P

    2007-10-11

    Integrating clinical research data entry with patient care data entry is a challenging issue. At the G. Pompidou European Hospital (HEGP), cardiovascular radiology reports are captured twice, first in the Electronic Health Record (EHR) and then in a national clinical research server. Informatics standards are different for EHR (HL7 CDA) and clinical research (CDISC ODM). The objective of this work is to feed both the EHR and a Clinical Research Data Management System (CDMS) from a single multipurpose form. We adopted and compared two approaches. First approach consists in implementing the single "care-research" form within the EHR and aligning XML structures of HL7 CDA document and CDISC ODM message to export relevant data from EHR to CDMS. Second approach consists in displaying a single "care-research" XForms form within the EHR and generating both HL7 CDA document and CDISC message to feed both EHR and CDMS. The solution based on XForms avoids overloading both EHR and CDMS with irrelevant information. Beyond syntactic interoperability, a perspective is to address the issue of semantic interoperability between both domains.

  5. Order Theoretical Semantic Recommendation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joslyn, Cliff A.; Hogan, Emilie A.; Paulson, Patrick R.; Peterson, Elena S.; Stephan, Eric G.; Thomas, Dennis G.

    2013-07-23

    Mathematical concepts of order and ordering relations play multiple roles in semantic technologies. Discrete totally ordered data characterize both input streams and top-k rank-ordered recommendations and query output, while temporal attributes establish numerical total orders, either over time points or in the more complex case of startend temporal intervals. But also of note are the fully partially ordered data, including both lattices and non-lattices, which actually dominate the semantic strcuture of ontological systems. Scalar semantic similarities over partially-ordered semantic data are traditionally used to return rank-ordered recommendations, but these require complementation with true metrics available over partially ordered sets. In this paper we report on our work in the foundations of partial order measurement in ontologies, with application to top-k semantic recommendation in workflows.

  6. On Quantifying Semantic Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon D’Alfonso

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to look at some existing methods of semantic information quantification and suggest some alternatives. It begins with an outline of Bar-Hillel and Carnap’s theory of semantic information before going on to look at Floridi’s theory of strongly semantic information. The latter then serves to initiate an in-depth investigation into the idea of utilising the notion of truthlikeness to quantify semantic information. Firstly, a couple of approaches to measure truthlikeness are drawn from the literature and explored, with a focus on their applicability to semantic information quantification. Secondly, a similar but new approach to measure truthlikeness/information is presented and some supplementary points are made.

  7. E-poslovanje v slovenskih malih in srednje velikih podjetjih = E-business in Slovenian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktorija Sulcic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the position of Slovenian small and medium-sized enterprises in the field of e-business is presented. In the first part of the paper we compare the prevalence of e-business practices in Slovenia and EU countries and present the intensity of Slovene SME’s use of ebusiness as well. The second part of the paper is based on a research conducted with a sample of 49 Slovenian small and mediumsized enterprises. By performing a data analysis, we show the prevalence of SME’s individual internet activities and compare them with the research data collected by the national statistical office a year and a half ago. The e-business impacts and the obstacles for e-business implementation are the most interesting part of the presented research.

  8. Defining inter-cloud architecture for interoperability and integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.; de Laat, C.; Zimmermann, W.; Lee, Y.W.; Demchenko, Y.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an on-going research to develop the Inter-Cloud Architecture, which addresses the architectural problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous cloud based applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability with legacy infrastructure s

  9. Defining Inter-Cloud Architecture for Interoperability and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.; Laat, C. de

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Inter-Cloud Architecture that should address problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous Cloud based applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability with legacy infrastructure services. Cloud tec

  10. Reference architecture for interoperability testing of Electric Vehicle charging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lehfuss, F.; Nohrer, M.; Werkmany, E.; Lopezz, J.A.; Zabalaz, E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a reference architecture for interoperability testing of electric vehicles as well as their support equipment with the smart grid and the e-Mobility environment. Pan-European Electric Vehicle (EV)-charging is currently problematic as there are compliance and interoperability

  11. A formal method to real-time protocol interoperability testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG ZhiLiang; YIN Xia; JING ChuanMing

    2008-01-01

    Interoperability testing is an important technique to ensure the quality of implementations of network communication protocol. In the next generation Internet protocol, real-time applications should be supported effectively. However, time constraints were not considered in the related studies of protocol interoperability testing, so existing interoperability testing methods are difficult to be applied in real-time protocol interoperability testing. In this paper, a formal method to realtime protocol interoperability testing is proposed. Firstly, a formal model CMpTIOA (communicating multi-port timed input output automata) is defined to specify the system under test (SUT) in real-time protocol interoperability testing; based on this model, timed interoperability relation is then defined. In order to check this relation,a test generation method is presented to generate a parameterized test behavior tree from SUT model; a mechanism of executability pre-determination is also integrated in the test generation method to alleviate state space explosion problem to some extent. The proposed theory and method are then applied in interoperability testing of IPv6 neighbor discovery protocol to show the feasibility of this method.

  12. Interactive test tool for interoperable C-ITS development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voronov, A.; Englund, C.; Bengtsson, H.H.; Chen, L.; Ploeg, J.; Jongh, J.F.C.M. de; Sluis, H.J.D. van de

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the architecture of an Interactive Test Tool (ITT) for interoperability testing of Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS). Cooperative systems are developed by different manufacturers at different locations, which makes interoperability testing a tedious task. Up until

  13. Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellington, Andre

    2014-03-31

    The Interoperability of Demand Response Resources Demonstration in NY (Interoperability Project) was awarded to Con Edison in 2009. The objective of the project was to develop and demonstrate methodologies to enhance the ability of customer sited Demand Response resources to integrate more effectively with electric delivery companies and regional transmission organizations.

  14. 47 CFR 90.547 - Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. 90.547 Section 90.547 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND... Frequencies in the 763-775 and 793-805 MHz Bands § 90.547 Narrowband Interoperability channel capability...

  15. Defining Inter-Cloud Architecture for Interoperability and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.J.; Laat, C. de

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents on-going research to develop the Inter-Cloud Architecture that should address problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous Cloud based applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability with legacy infrastructure services. Cloud

  16. Defining inter-cloud architecture for interoperability and integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Makkes, M.X.; Strijkers, R.; de Laat, C.; Zimmermann, W.; Lee, Y.W.; Demchenko, Y.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an on-going research to develop the Inter-Cloud Architecture, which addresses the architectural problems in multi-provider multi-domain heterogeneous cloud based applications integration and interoperability, including integration and interoperability with legacy infrastructure

  17. Advancing translational research with the Semantic Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marshall M Scott

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A fundamental goal of the U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH "Roadmap" is to strengthen Translational Research, defined as the movement of discoveries in basic research to application at the clinical level. A significant barrier to translational research is the lack of uniformly structured data across related biomedical domains. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web that enables navigation and meaningful use of digital resources by automatic processes. It is based on common formats that support aggregation and integration of data drawn from diverse sources. A variety of technologies have been built on this foundation that, together, support identifying, representing, and reasoning across a wide range of biomedical data. The Semantic Web Health Care and Life Sciences Interest Group (HCLSIG, set up within the framework of the World Wide Web Consortium, was launched to explore the application of these technologies in a variety of areas. Subgroups focus on making biomedical data available in RDF, working with biomedical ontologies, prototyping clinical decision support systems, working on drug safety and efficacy communication, and supporting disease researchers navigating and annotating the large amount of potentially relevant literature. Results We present a scenario that shows the value of the information environment the Semantic Web can support for aiding neuroscience researchers. We then report on several projects by members of the HCLSIG, in the process illustrating the range of Semantic Web technologies that have applications in areas of biomedicine. Conclusion Semantic Web technologies present both promise and challenges. Current tools and standards are already adequate to implement components of the bench-to-bedside vision. On the other hand, these technologies are young. Gaps in standards and implementations still exist and adoption is limited by typical problems with early technology, such as the need

  18. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-01-01

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can he...

  19. Food product tracing technology capabilities and interoperability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatt, Tejas; Zhang, Jianrong Janet

    2013-12-01

    Despite the best efforts of food safety and food defense professionals, contaminated food continues to enter the food supply. It is imperative that contaminated food be removed from the supply chain as quickly as possible to protect public health and stabilize markets. To solve this problem, scores of technology companies purport to have the most effective, economical product tracing system. This study sought to compare and contrast the effectiveness of these systems at analyzing product tracing information to identify the contaminated ingredient and likely source, as well as distribution of the product. It also determined if these systems can work together to better secure the food supply (their interoperability). Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) hypothesized that when technology providers are given a full set of supply-chain data, even for a multi-ingredient product, their systems will generally be able to trace a contaminated product forward and backward through the supply chain. However, when provided with only a portion of supply-chain data, even for a product with a straightforward supply chain, it was expected that interoperability of the systems will be lacking and that there will be difficulty collaborating to identify sources and/or recipients of potentially contaminated product. IFT provided supply-chain data for one complex product to 9 product tracing technology providers, and then compared and contrasted their effectiveness at analyzing product tracing information to identify the contaminated ingredient and likely source, as well as distribution of the product. A vertically integrated foodservice restaurant agreed to work with IFT to secure data from its supply chain for both a multi-ingredient and a simpler product. Potential multi-ingredient products considered included canned tuna, supreme pizza, and beef tacos. IFT ensured that all supply-chain data collected did not include any proprietary information or information that would otherwise

  20. Open Health Tools: Tooling for Interoperable Healthcare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skip McGaughey

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The Open Health Tools initiative is creating an ecosystem focused on the production of software tooling that promotes the exchange of medical information across political, geographic, cultural, product, and technology lines. At its core, OHT believes that the availability of high-quality tooling that interoperates will propel the industry forward, enabling organizations and vendors to build products and systems that effectively work together. This will ?raise the interoperability bar? as a result of having tools that just work. To achieve these lofty goals, careful consideration must be made to the constituencies that will be most affected by an OHT-influenced world. This document outlines a vision of OHT?s impact to these stakeholders. It does not explain the OHT process itself or how the OHT community operates. Instead, we place emphasis on the impact of that process within the health industry. The catchphrase ?code is king? underpins this document, meaning that the manifestation of any open source community lies in the products and technology it produces.

  1. Heterogeneity and Context in Semantic-Web-Enabled HCLS Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Antoine; Sahay, Ratnesh; Fox, Ronan; Polleres, Axel

    The need for semantics preserving integration of complex data has been widely recognized in the healthcare domain. While standards such as Health Level Seven (HL7) have been developed in this direction, they have mostly been applied in limited, controlled environments, still being used incoherently across countries, organizations, or hospitals. In a more mobile and global society, data and knowledge are going to be commonly exchanged between various systems at Web scale. Specialists in this domain have increasingly argued in favor of using Semantic Web technologies for modeling healthcare data in a well formalized way. This paper provides a reality check in how far current Semantic Web standards can tackle interoperability issues arising in such systems driven by the modeling of concrete use cases on exchanging clinical data and practices. Recognizing the insufficiency of standard OWL to model our scenario, we survey theoretical approaches to extend OWL by modularity and context towards handling heterogeneity in Semantic-Web-enabled health care and life sciences (HCLS) systems. We come to the conclusion that none of these approaches addresses all of our use case heterogeneity aspects in its entirety. We finally sketch paths on how better approaches could be devised by combining several existing techniques.

  2. A health analytics semantic ETL service for obesity surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulymenopoulou, M; Papakonstantinou, D; Malamateniou, F; Vassilacopoulos, G

    2015-01-01

    The increasingly large amount of data produced in healthcare (e.g. collected through health information systems such as electronic medical records - EMRs or collected through novel data sources such as personal health records - PHRs, social media, web resources) enable the creation of detailed records about people's health, sentiments and activities (e.g. physical activity, diet, sleep quality) that can be used in the public health area among others. However, despite the transformative potential of big data in public health surveillance there are several challenges in integrating big data. In this paper, the interoperability challenge is tackled and a semantic Extract Transform Load (ETL) service is proposed that seeks to semantically annotate big data to result into valuable data for analysis. This service is considered as part of a health analytics engine on the cloud that interacts with existing healthcare information exchange networks, like the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE), PHRs, sensors, mobile applications, and other web resources to retrieve patient health, behavioral and daily activity data. The semantic ETL service aims at semantically integrating big data for use by analytic mechanisms. An illustrative implementation of the service on big data which is potentially relevant to human obesity, enables using appropriate analytic techniques (e.g. machine learning, text mining) that are expected to assist in identifying patterns and contributing factors (e.g. genetic background, social, environmental) for this social phenomenon and, hence, drive health policy changes and promote healthy behaviors where residents live, work, learn, shop and play.

  3. Investigating the capabilities of semantic enrichment of 3D CityEngine data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solou, Dimitra; Dimopoulou, Efi

    2016-08-01

    In recent years the development of technology and the lifting of several technical limitations, has brought the third dimension to the fore. The complexity of urban environments and the strong need for land administration, intensify the need of using a three-dimensional cadastral system. Despite the progress in the field of geographic information systems and 3D modeling techniques, there is no fully digital 3D cadastre. The existing geographic information systems and the different methods of three-dimensional modeling allow for better management, visualization and dissemination of information. Nevertheless, these opportunities cannot be totally exploited because of deficiencies in standardization and interoperability in these systems. Within this context, CityGML was developed as an international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for 3D city models' representation and exchange. CityGML defines geometry and topology for city modeling, also focusing on semantic aspects of 3D city information. The scope of CityGML is to reach common terminology, also addressing the imperative need for interoperability and data integration, taking into account the number of available geographic information systems and modeling techniques. The aim of this paper is to develop an application for managing semantic information of a model generated based on procedural modeling. The model was initially implemented in CityEngine ESRI's software, and then imported to ArcGIS environment. Final goal was the original model's semantic enrichment and then its conversion to CityGML format. Semantic information management and interoperability seemed to be feasible by the use of the 3DCities Project ESRI tools, since its database structure ensures adding semantic information to the CityEngine model and therefore automatically convert to CityGML for advanced analysis and visualization in different application areas.

  4. PERSPECTIVES ON INTEROPERABILITY INTEGRATION WITHIN NATO DEFENSE PLANNING PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian CIOCAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Interoperability is not a new area of effort at NATO level. In fact, interoperability and more specifi cally standardization, has been a key element of the Alliance’s approach to fi elding forces for decades. But as the security and operational environment has been in a continuous change, the need to face the new threats and the current involvement in challenging operations in Afghanistan and elsewhere alongside with the necessity to interoperate at lower and lower levels of command with an increasing number of nations, including non-NATO ISAF partners, NGOs, and other organizations, have made the task even more challenging. In this respect Interoperability Integration within NATO Defense Planning Process will facilitate the timely identifi cation, development and delivery of required forces and capabilities that are interoperable and adequately prepared, equipped, trained and supported to undertake the Alliance’s full spectrum of missions.

  5. A framework for semantic reconciliation of disparate earth observation thematic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durbha, S. S.; King, R. L.; Shah, V. P.; Younan, N. H.

    2009-04-01

    There is a growing demand for digital databases of topographic and thematic information for a multitude of applications in environmental management, and also in data integration and efficient updating of other spatially oriented data. These thematic data sets are highly heterogeneous in syntax, structure and semantics as they are produced and provided by a variety of agencies having different definitions, standards and applications of the data. In this paper, we focus on the semantic heterogeneity in thematic information sources, as it has been widely recognized that the semantic conflicts are responsible for the most serious data heterogeneity problems hindering the efficient interoperability between heterogeneous information sources. In particular, we focus on the semantic heterogeneities present in the land cover classification schemes corresponding to the global land cover characterization data. We propose a framework (semantics enabled thematic data Integration (SETI)) that describes in depth the methodology involved in the reconciliation of such semantic conflicts by adopting the emerging semantic web technologies. Ontologies were developed for the classification schemes and a shared-ontology approach for integrating the application level ontologies as described. We employ description logics (DL)-based reasoning on the terminological knowledge base developed for the land cover characterization which enables querying and retrieval that goes beyond keyword-based searches.

  6. Towards Automatic Semantic Labelling of 3D City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rook, M.; Biljecki, F.; Diakité, A. A.

    2016-10-01

    The lack of semantic information in many 3D city models is a considerable limiting factor in their use, as a lot of applications rely on semantics. Such information is not always available, since it is not collected at all times, it might be lost due to data transformation, or its lack may be caused by non-interoperability in data integration from other sources. This research is a first step in creating an automatic workflow that semantically labels plain 3D city model represented by a soup of polygons, with semantic and thematic information, as defined in the CityGML standard. The first step involves the reconstruction of the topology, which is used in a region growing algorithm that clusters upward facing adjacent triangles. Heuristic rules, embedded in a decision tree, are used to compute a likeliness score for these regions that either represent the ground (terrain) or a RoofSurface. Regions with a high likeliness score, to one of the two classes, are used to create a decision space, which is used in a support vector machine (SVM). Next, topological relations are utilised to select seeds that function as a start in a region growing algorithm, to create regions of triangles of other semantic classes. The topological relationships of the regions are used in the aggregation of the thematic building features. Finally, the level of detail is detected to generate the correct output in CityGML. The results show an accuracy between 85 % and 99 % in the automatic semantic labelling on four different test datasets. The paper is concluded by indicating problems and difficulties implying the next steps in the research.

  7. A Semantic Graph Query Language

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaplan, I L

    2006-10-16

    Semantic graphs can be used to organize large amounts of information from a number of sources into one unified structure. A semantic query language provides a foundation for extracting information from the semantic graph. The graph query language described here provides a simple, powerful method for querying semantic graphs.

  8. UML 2 Semantics and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Lano, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    A coherent and integrated account of the leading UML 2 semantics work and the practical applications of UML semantics development With contributions from leading experts in the field, the book begins with an introduction to UML and goes on to offer in-depth and up-to-date coverage of: The role of semantics Considerations and rationale for a UML system model Definition of the UML system model UML descriptive semantics Axiomatic semantics of UML class diagrams The object constraint language Axiomatic semantics of state machines A coalgebraic semantic framework for reasoning about interaction des

  9. Reactive Kripke semantics

    CERN Document Server

    Gabbay, Dov M

    2013-01-01

    This text offers an extension to the traditional Kripke semantics for non-classical logics by adding the notion of reactivity. Reactive Kripke models change their accessibility relation as we progress in the evaluation process of formulas in the model. This feature makes the reactive Kripke semantics strictly stronger and more applicable than the traditional one. Here we investigate the properties and axiomatisations of this new and most effective semantics, and we offer a wide landscape of applications of the idea of reactivity. Applied topics include reactive automata, reactive grammars, rea

  10. Semantic Web Evaluation Challenge

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post conference proceedings of the first edition of the Semantic Web Evaluation Challenge, SemWebEval 2014, co-located with the 11th Extended Semantic Web conference, held in Anissaras, Crete, Greece, in May 2014. This book includes the descriptions of all methods and tools that competed at SemWebEval 2014, together with a detailed description of the tasks, evaluation procedures and datasets. The contributions are grouped in three areas: semantic publishing (sempub), concept-level sentiment analysis (ssa), and linked-data enabled recommender systems (recsys).

  11. Compactness theorems of fuzzy semantics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The relationship among diverse fuzzy semantics vs. the corresponding logic consequence operators has been analyzed systematically. The results that compactness and logical compactness of fuzzy semantics are equivalent to compactness and continuity of the logic consequence operator induced by the semantics respectively have been proved under certain conditions. A general compactness theorem of fuzzy semantics have been established which says that every fuzzy semantics defined on a free algebra with members corresponding to continuous functions is compact.

  12. Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magee, Thoman

    2014-12-31

    The Consolidated Edison, Inc., of New York (Con Edison) Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP), sponsored by the United States (US) Department of Energy (DOE), demonstrated that the reliability, efficiency, and flexibility of the grid can be improved through a combination of enhanced monitoring and control capabilities using systems and resources that interoperate within a secure services framework. The project demonstrated the capability to shift, balance, and reduce load where and when needed in response to system contingencies or emergencies by leveraging controllable field assets. The range of field assets includes curtailable customer loads, distributed generation (DG), battery storage, electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, building management systems (BMS), home area networks (HANs), high-voltage monitoring, and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). The SGDP enables the seamless integration and control of these field assets through a common, cyber-secure, interoperable control platform, which integrates a number of existing legacy control and data systems, as well as new smart grid (SG) systems and applications. By integrating advanced technologies for monitoring and control, the SGDP helps target and reduce peak load growth, improves the reliability and efficiency of Con Edison’s grid, and increases the ability to accommodate the growing use of distributed resources. Con Edison is dedicated to lowering costs, improving reliability and customer service, and reducing its impact on the environment for its customers. These objectives also align with the policy objectives of New York State as a whole. To help meet these objectives, Con Edison’s long-term vision for the distribution grid relies on the successful integration and control of a growing penetration of distributed resources, including demand response (DR) resources, battery storage units, and DG. For example, Con Edison is expecting significant long-term growth of DG

  13. Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magee, Thoman [Consolidated Edison Company Of New York, Inc., NY (United States)

    2014-12-28

    The Consolidated Edison, Inc., of New York (Con Edison) Secure Interoperable Open Smart Grid Demonstration Project (SGDP), sponsored by the United States (US) Department of Energy (DOE), demonstrated that the reliability, efficiency, and flexibility of the grid can be improved through a combination of enhanced monitoring and control capabilities using systems and resources that interoperate within a secure services framework. The project demonstrated the capability to shift, balance, and reduce load where and when needed in response to system contingencies or emergencies by leveraging controllable field assets. The range of field assets includes curtailable customer loads, distributed generation (DG), battery storage, electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, building management systems (BMS), home area networks (HANs), high-voltage monitoring, and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). The SGDP enables the seamless integration and control of these field assets through a common, cyber-secure, interoperable control platform, which integrates a number of existing legacy control and data systems, as well as new smart grid (SG) systems and applications. By integrating advanced technologies for monitoring and control, the SGDP helps target and reduce peak load growth, improves the reliability and efficiency of Con Edison’s grid, and increases the ability to accommodate the growing use of distributed resources. Con Edison is dedicated to lowering costs, improving reliability and customer service, and reducing its impact on the environment for its customers. These objectives also align with the policy objectives of New York State as a whole. To help meet these objectives, Con Edison’s long-term vision for the distribution grid relies on the successful integration and control of a growing penetration of distributed resources, including demand response (DR) resources, battery storage units, and DG. For example, Con Edison is expecting significant long-term growth of DG

  14. Interoperability of electronic health records and personal health records: key interoperability issues associated with information exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pringle, Simone; Lippitt, Alex

    2009-01-01

    As patients receive medical care, their clinical history may be tracked and recorded by multiple electronic systems developed by independent vendors. Medical providers might use electronic health record (EHR) software tailored to the needs of trained medical personnel, whereas patients may interact with personal health records (PHR). The purpose of this essay is to identify the key interoperability issues associated with the information exchange between these two types of systems and offer an approach for enhancing interoperability. This article is part of a series of unpublished essays titled A Community View on How Personal Health Records Can Improve Patient Care and Outcomes in Many Healthcare Settings, a collaborative project of Northern Illinois Physicians For Connectivity and the Coalition for Quality and Patient Safety of Chicagoland. For further information on how you can obtain copies of the complete work, contact the principle Dr. Stasia Kahn at Stash5@sbcglobal.net.

  15. A Semantic-Aware Data Management System for Seismic Engineering Research Projects and Experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Rashedul Hasan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The invention of the Semantic Web and related technologies is fostering a computing paradigm that entails a shift from databases to Knowledge Bases (KBs. There the core is the ontology that plays a main role in enabling reasoning power that can make implicit facts explicit; in order to produce better results for users. In addition, KB-based systems provide mechanisms to manage information and semantics thereof, that can make systems semantically interoperable and as such can exchange and share data between them. In order to overcome the interoperability issues and to exploit the benefits offered by state of the art technologies, we moved to KB-based system. This paper presents the development of an earthquake engineering ontology with a focus on research project management and experiments. The developed ontology was validated by domain experts, published in RDF and integrated into WordNet. Data originating from scientific experiments such as cyclic and pseudo dynamic tests were also published in RDF. We exploited the power of Semantic Web technologies, namely Jena, Virtuoso and VirtGraph tools in order to publish, storage and manage RDF data, respectively. Finally, a system was developed with the full integration of ontology, experimental data and tools, to evaluate the effectiveness of the KB-based approach; it yielded favorable outcomes.

  16. Interoperability between biomedical ontologies through relation expansion, upper-level ontologies and automatic reasoning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Hoehndorf

    Full Text Available Researchers design ontologies as a means to accurately annotate and integrate experimental data across heterogeneous and disparate data- and knowledge bases. Formal ontologies make the semantics of terms and relations explicit such that automated reasoning can be used to verify the consistency of knowledge. However, many biomedical ontologies do not sufficiently formalize the semantics of their relations and are therefore limited with respect to automated reasoning for large scale data integration and knowledge discovery. We describe a method to improve automated reasoning over biomedical ontologies and identify several thousand contradictory class definitions. Our approach aligns terms in biomedical ontologies with foundational classes in a top-level ontology and formalizes composite relations as class expressions. We describe the semi-automated repair of contradictions and demonstrate expressive queries over interoperable ontologies. Our work forms an important cornerstone for data integration, automatic inference and knowledge discovery based on formal representations of knowledge. Our results and analysis software are available at http://bioonto.de/pmwiki.php/Main/ReasonableOntologies.

  17. Design and Implementation of an Interoperable Object Platform for Multi-Databases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Ning; XU Xuebiao; SHI Baile

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, the authors present the design and implementation of an Interoperable Object Platform for Multi-Databases (IOPMD). The aim of the system is to provide a uniform object view and a set of tools for object manipulation and query based on heterogeneous multiple data sources under client/server environment. The common object model is compatible with ODMG2.0 and OMG's CORBA, which provides main OO features such as OID, attribute, method, inheritance, reference, etc. Three types of interfaces, namely Vface, IOQL and C++ API, are given to provide the database programmer with tools and functionalities for application development. Nested transactions and compensating technology are adopted in transaction manager. In discussing some key implementation techniques, translation and mapping approaches from various schemata to a common object schema are proposed. Buffer management provides the data caching policy and consistency maintenance of cached data. Version management presents some operations based on the definitions in semantic version model, and introduces the implementation of the semantic version graph.

  18. Interoperability between biomedical ontologies through relation expansion, upper-level ontologies and automatic reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoehndorf, Robert; Dumontier, Michel; Oellrich, Anika; Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich; Schofield, Paul N; Gkoutos, Georgios V

    2011-01-01

    Researchers design ontologies as a means to accurately annotate and integrate experimental data across heterogeneous and disparate data- and knowledge bases. Formal ontologies make the semantics of terms and relations explicit such that automated reasoning can be used to verify the consistency of knowledge. However, many biomedical ontologies do not sufficiently formalize the semantics of their relations and are therefore limited with respect to automated reasoning for large scale data integration and knowledge discovery. We describe a method to improve automated reasoning over biomedical ontologies and identify several thousand contradictory class definitions. Our approach aligns terms in biomedical ontologies with foundational classes in a top-level ontology and formalizes composite relations as class expressions. We describe the semi-automated repair of contradictions and demonstrate expressive queries over interoperable ontologies. Our work forms an important cornerstone for data integration, automatic inference and knowledge discovery based on formal representations of knowledge. Our results and analysis software are available at http://bioonto.de/pmwiki.php/Main/ReasonableOntologies.

  19. BIM Interoperability Limitations: Australian and Malaysian Rail Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenley Russell

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Building information modelling (BIM is defined as a process involving the generation and management of digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. The purpose of interoperability in integrated or “open” BIM is to facilitate the information exchange between different digital systems, models and tools. There has been effort towards data interoperability with development of open source standards and object-oriented models, such as industry foundation classes (IFC for vertical infrastructure. However, the lack of open data standards for the information exchange for horizontal infrastructure limits the adoption and effectiveness of integrated BIM. The paper outlines two interoperability issues for construction of rail infrastructure. The issues are presented in two case study reports, one from Australia and one from Malaysia. The each case study includes: a description of the project, the application of BIM in the project, a discussion of the promised BIM interoperability solution plus the identification of the unresolved lack of interoperability for horizontal infrastructure project management. The Moreton Bay Rail project in Australia introduces general software interoperability issues. The Light Rail Extension project in Kuala Lumpur outlines an example of the integration problems related to two different location data structures. The paper highlights how the continuing lack of data interoperability limits utilisation of integrated BIM for horizontal infrastructure rail projects.

  20. SHARP/PRONGHORN Interoperability: Mesh Generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avery Bingham; Javier Ortensi

    2012-09-01

    Progress toward collaboration between the SHARP and MOOSE computational frameworks has been demonstrated through sharing of mesh generation and ensuring mesh compatibility of both tools with MeshKit. MeshKit was used to build a three-dimensional, full-core very high temperature reactor (VHTR) reactor geometry with 120-degree symmetry, which was used to solve a neutron diffusion critical eigenvalue problem in PRONGHORN. PRONGHORN is an application of MOOSE that is capable of solving coupled neutron diffusion, heat conduction, and homogenized flow problems. The results were compared to a solution found on a 120-degree, reflected, three-dimensional VHTR mesh geometry generated by PRONGHORN. The ability to exchange compatible mesh geometries between the two codes is instrumental for future collaboration and interoperability. The results were found to be in good agreement between the two meshes, thus demonstrating the compatibility of the SHARP and MOOSE frameworks. This outcome makes future collaboration possible.

  1. Wrapping and interoperating bioinformatics resources using CORBA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, R; Miller, C

    2000-02-01

    Bioinformaticians seeking to provide services to working biologists are faced with the twin problems of distribution and diversity of resources. Bioinformatics databases are distributed around the world and exist in many kinds of storage forms, platforms and access paradigms. To provide adequate services to biologists, these distributed and diverse resources have to interoperate seamlessly within single applications. The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) offers one technical solution to these problems. The key component of CORBA is its use of object orientation as an intermediate form to translate between different representations. This paper concentrates on an explanation of object orientation and how it can be used to overcome the problems of distribution and diversity by describing the interfaces between objects.

  2. Interoperability of Standards for Robotics in CIME

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kroszynski, Uri; Sørensen, Torben; Ludwig, Arnold

    1997-01-01

    Esprit Project 6457 "Interoperability of Standards for Robotics in CIME (InterRob)" belongs to the Subprogramme "Integration in Manufacturing" of Esprit, the European Specific Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology supported by the European Commision.The first main goal...... of InterRob was to close the information chain between product design, simulation, programming, and robot control by developing standardized interfaces and their software implementation for standards STEP (International Standard for the Exchange of Product model data, ISO 10303) and IRL (Industrial Robot...... Language, DIN 66312). This is a continuation of the previous Esprit projects CAD*I and NIRO, which developed substantial basics of STEP.The InterRob approach is based on standardized models for product geometry, kinematics, robotics, dynamics and control, hence on a coherent neutral information model...

  3. Interoperability of Standards for Robotics in CIME

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kroszynski, Uri; Sørensen, Torben; Ludwig, Arnold

    1997-01-01

    Esprit Project 6457 "Interoperability of Standards for Robotics in CIME (InterRob)" belongs to the Subprogramme "Integration in Manufacturing" of Esprit, the European Specific Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology supported by the European Commision.The first main goal...... of InterRob was to close the information chain between product design, simulation, programming, and robot control by developing standardized interfaces and their software implementation for standards STEP (International Standard for the Exchange of Product model data, ISO 10303) and IRL (Industrial Robot...... Language, DIN 66312). This is a continuation of the previous Esprit projects CAD*I and NIRO, which developed substantial basics of STEP.The InterRob approach is based on standardized models for product geometry, kinematics, robotics, dynamics and control, hence on a coherent neutral information model...

  4. Semantics on Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琦

    2014-01-01

    Semantics is the study of the meanings of words and sentences. While word is the most basic unit in every language and the understanding of the word meaning is the most important problem in translation. Therefore, the analysis of semantics just provides a very direct approach to doing translation. In this paper, I’d like to focus on the three kinds of word meaning in transla- tion, the ambiguities caused by the word meaning and how to deal with such ambiguities.

  5. Biodiversity information platforms: From standards to interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Berendsohn

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most serious bottlenecks in the scientific workflows of biodiversity sciences is the need to integrate data from different sources, software applications, and services for analysis, visualisation and publication. For more than a quarter of a century the TDWG Biodiversity Information Standards organisation has a central role in defining and promoting data standards and protocols supporting interoperability between disparate and locally distributed systems. Although often not sufficiently recognized, TDWG standards are the foundation of many popular Biodiversity Informatics applications and infrastructures ranging from small desktop software solutions to large scale international data networks. However, individual scientists and groups of collaborating scientist have difficulties in fully exploiting the potential of standards that are often notoriously complex, lack non-technical documentations, and use different representations and underlying technologies. In the last few years, a series of initiatives such as Scratchpads, the EDIT Platform for Cybertaxonomy, and biowikifarm have started to implement and set up virtual work platforms for biodiversity sciences which shield their users from the complexity of the underlying standards. Apart from being practical work-horses for numerous working processes related to biodiversity sciences, they can be seen as information brokers mediating information between multiple data standards and protocols. The ViBRANT project will further strengthen the flexibility and power of virtual biodiversity working platforms by building software interfaces between them, thus facilitating essential information flows needed for comprehensive data exchange, data indexing, web-publication, and versioning. This work will make an important contribution to the shaping of an international, interoperable, and user-oriented biodiversity information infrastructure.

  6. IoT interoperability:a hub-based approach

    OpenAIRE

    Blackstock, Michael; Lea, Rodger

    2014-01-01

    Interoperability in the Internet of Things is critical for emerging services and applications. In this paper we advocate the use of IoT ‘hubs’ to aggregate things using web protocols, and suggest a staged approach to interoperability. In the context of a UK government funded project involving 8 IoT projects to address cross-domain IoT interoperability, we introduce the HyperCat IoT catalogue specification. We then describe the tools and techniques we developed to adapt an existing data portal...

  7. Towards Interoperable Data Access through Climate.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, S. R.; Marshall, J.; Stewart, J.; Ansari, S.; O'Brien, K.; Phillips, M. B.; Herring, D.

    2012-12-01

    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Climate.gov team is enhancing users' ability to locate, preview, and acquire climate data. The Climate.gov team has created the Data Access and Interoperability project to design a web-based platform where interoperability between systems can be leveraged to allow greater data discovery, access, visualization and delivery. The team envisions an Interoperable Data Platform wherein systems can integrate with each other to support the synthesis of Climate data. Interoperability is the ability for users to discover the available climate data, preview and interact with the data, and acquire the data in common digital formats through a simple web-based interface. The Climate.gov Interoperable Data Platform uses the concepts of Representational State Transfer (REST) and common best practices for Web Services. Emerging standards for automation of machine-to-machine operations, such as OpenSearch autodiscovery, are being implemented throughout the Data Platform to ensure harmonization between data service providers, integrators and consumers. Implementation of common specifications will ensure compatibility between systems within NOAAand non-NOAA systems. The goal of the Interoperable Data Platform is to leverage existing web services, standards and existing solutions across the Earth sciences domain instead of creating new technologies. The Data Platform strives to become an integral part of the integration mechanisms supporting a system-of-systems ecosystem for Earth sciences information. As the team works across the organization, it will evaluate the capabilities of the participating systems to capture and assess the relative maturity of each system according to the Technology Infusion Working Group (TIWG) Interoperability Readiness Levels (IRL) as the reference for the interoperability mapping within NOAA. This will help establish the gaps and opportunities for integrating systems across a common set of

  8. IoT interoperability:a hub-based approach

    OpenAIRE

    Blackstock, Michael; Lea, Rodger

    2014-01-01

    Interoperability in the Internet of Things is critical for emerging services and applications. In this paper we advocate the use of IoT ‘hubs’ to aggregate things using web protocols, and suggest a staged approach to interoperability. In the context of a UK government funded project involving 8 IoT projects to address cross-domain IoT interoperability, we introduce the HyperCat IoT catalogue specification. We then describe the tools and techniques we developed to adapt an existing data portal...

  9. Cloud portability and interoperability issues and current trends

    CERN Document Server

    Di Martino, Beniamino; Esposito, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This book offers readers a quick, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the most important methodologies, technologies, APIs and standards related to the portability and interoperability of cloud applications and services, illustrated by a number of use cases representing a variety of interoperability and portability scenarios. The lack of portability and interoperability between cloud platforms at different service levels is the main issue affecting cloud-based services today. The brokering, negotiation, management, monitoring and reconfiguration of cloud resources are challenging tasks

  10. Semantics in NETMAR (open service NETwork for MARine environmental data)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leadbetter, Adam; Lowry, Roy; Clements, Oliver

    2010-05-01

    Over recent years, there has been a proliferation of environmental data portals utilising a wide range of systems and services, many of which cannot interoperate. The European Union Framework 7 project NETMAR (that commenced February 2010) aims to provide a toolkit for building such portals in a coherent manner through the use of chained Open Geospatial Consortium Web Services (WxS), OPeNDAP file access and W3C standards controlled by a Business Process Execution Language workflow. As such, the end product will be configurable by user communities interested in developing a portal for marine environmental data, and will offer search, download and integration tools for a range of satellite, model and observed data from open ocean and coastal areas. Further processing of these data will also be available in order to provide statistics and derived products suitable for decision making in the chosen environmental domain. In order to make the resulting portals truly interoperable, the NETMAR programme requires a detailed definition of the semantics of the services being called and the data which are being requested. A key goal of the NETMAR programme is, therefore, to develop a multi-domain and multilingual ontology of marine data and services. This will allow searches across both human languages and across scientific domains. The approach taken will be to analyse existing semantic resources and provide mappings between them, gluing together the definitions, semantics and workflows of the WxS services. The mappings between terms aim to be more general than the standard "narrower than", "broader than" type seen in the thesauri or simple ontologies implemented by previous programmes. Tools for the development and population of ontologoies will also be provided by NETMAR as there will be instances in which existing resources cannot sufficiently describe newly encountered data or services.

  11. Towards virtual knowledge broker services for semantic integration of life science literature and data sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrow, Ian; Filsell, Wendy; Woollard, Peter; Dix, Ian; Braxenthaler, Michael; Gedye, Richard; Hoole, David; Kidd, Richard; Wilson, Jabe; Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich

    2013-05-01

    Research in the life sciences requires ready access to primary data, derived information and relevant knowledge from a multitude of sources. Integration and interoperability of such resources are crucial for sharing content across research domains relevant to the life sciences. In this article we present a perspective review of data integration with emphasis on a semantics driven approach to data integration that pushes content into a shared infrastructure, reduces data redundancy and clarifies any inconsistencies. This enables much improved access to life science data from numerous primary sources. The Semantic Enrichment of the Scientific Literature (SESL) pilot project demonstrates feasibility for using already available open semantic web standards and technologies to integrate public and proprietary data resources, which span structured and unstructured content. This has been accomplished through a precompetitive consortium, which provides a cost effective approach for numerous stakeholders to work together to solve common problems.

  12. A Collaborative System Software Solution for Modeling Business Flows Based on Automated Semantic Web Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion SMEUREANU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, business interoperability is one of the key factors for assuring competitive advantage for the participant business partners. In order to implement business cooperation, scalable, distributed and portable collaborative systems have to be implemented. This article presents some of the mostly used technologies in this field. Furthermore, it presents a software application architecture based on Business Process Modeling Notation standard and automated semantic web service coupling for modeling business flow in a collaborative manner. The main business processes will be represented in a single, hierarchic flow diagram. Each element of the diagram will represent calls to semantic web services. The business logic (the business rules and constraints will be structured with the help of OWL (Ontology Web Language. Moreover, OWL will also be used to create the semantic web service specifications.

  13. A semantically-aided approach for online annotation and retrieval of medical images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyriazos, George K; Gerostathopoulos, Ilias Th; Kolias, Vassileios D; Stoitsis, John S; Nikita, Konstantina S

    2011-01-01

    The need for annotating the continuously increasing volume of medical image data is recognized from medical experts for a variety of purposes, regardless if this is medical practice, research or education. The rich information content latent in medical images can be made explicit and formal with the use of well-defined ontologies. Evolution of the Semantic Web now offers a unique opportunity of a web-based, service-oriented approach. Remote access to FMA and ICD-10 reference ontologies provides the ontological annotation framework. The proposed system utilizes this infrastructure to provide a customizable and robust annotation procedure. It also provides an intelligent search mechanism indicating the advantages of semantic over keyword search. The common representation layer discussed facilitates interoperability between institutions and systems, while semantic content enables inference and knowledge integration.

  14. Towards Data Repository Interoperability: The Data Conservancy Data Packaging Specification

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiLauro, T.; Duerr, R.; Thessen, A. E.; Rippin, M.; Pralle, B.; Choudhury, G. S.

    2013-12-01

    description, the DCS instance will be able to provide default mappings for the directories and files within the package payload and enable support for deposited content at a lower level of service. Internally, the DCS will map these hybrid package serializations to its own internal business objects and their properties. Thus, this approach is highly extensible, as other packaging formats could be mapped in a similar manner. In addition, this scheme supports establishing the fixity of the payload while still supporting update of the semantic overlay data. This allows a data producer with scarce resources or an archivist who acquires a researcher's data to package the data for deposit with the intention of augmenting the resource description in the future. The Data Conservancy is partnering with the Sustainable Environment Actionable Data[4] project to test the interoperability of this new packaging mechanism. [1] Data Conservancy: http://dataconservancy.org/ [2] BagIt: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-kunze-bagit/ [3] OAI-ORE: http://www.openarchives.org/ore/1.0/ [4] SEAD: http://sead-data.net/

  15. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can help the transfer of technological knowledge within the organization and can raise the capability to adopt innovative technologies. Practical implications–for the theory under study is the notion that adoption of e-business can lead to improvements in firms’ performance. It has been revealed that positive influences generally increase with the increase of e-business penetration. Originality/value– The paper is the recently study that examines e-business adoption in the Jordan. Also, the findings allow us to understand the importance of both technology-related aspects and social influence in e-procurement adoption.

  16. Foundations of semantic web technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Hitzler, Pascal; Rudolph, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    The Quest for Semantics Building Models Calculating with Knowledge Exchanging Information Semanic Web Technologies RESOURCE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE (RDF)Simple Ontologies in RDF and RDF SchemaIntroduction to RDF Syntax for RDF Advanced Features Simple Ontologies in RDF Schema Encoding of Special Data Structures An ExampleRDF Formal Semantics Why Semantics? Model-Theoretic Semantics for RDF(S) Syntactic Reasoning with Deduction Rules The Semantic Limits of RDF(S)WEB ONTOLOGY LANGUAGE (OWL) Ontologies in OWL OWL Syntax and Intuitive Semantics OWL Species The Forthcoming OWL 2 StandardOWL Formal Sem

  17. Study on Semantic Assets for Smart Appliances Interoperability : D-S3: THIRD INTERIM REPORT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daniele, L.M.; Hartog, F.T.H. den; Roes, J.B.M.

    2015-01-01

    About two thirds of the energy consumed by buildings originates from the residential sectors and thus household appliances. Household appliances or home appliances are electrical/mechanical machines which accomplish some household functions. Nowadays, appliances are not stand-alone systems anymore.

  18. Achieving semantic interoperability in multi-agent systems: A dialogue-based approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diggelen, J. van

    2007-01-01

    Software agents sharing the same ontology can exchange their knowledge fluently as their knowledge representations are compatible with respect to the concepts regarded as relevant and with respect to the names given to these concepts. However, in open heterogeneous multi-agent systems, this scenario

  19. KYOTO: A Wiki for Establishing Semantic Interoperability for Knowledge Sharing Across Languages and Cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Marchetti, Andrea; Ronzano, Francesco; Tesconi, Maurizio; Vossen, Piek; Agirre, Eneko; Bond, Francis; Bosma, Wauter; Herold, Axel; Hicks, Amanda; Hsieh, Shu-Kai; Isahara, Hitoshi; Huang, Chu-Ren; Kanzaki, Kyoko; Rigau, German; Segers, Roxane

    2010-01-01

    KYOTO is an Asian-European project developing a community platform for modeling knowledge and finding facts across languages and cultures. The platform operates as a Wiki system that multilingual and multi-cultural communities can use to agree on the meaning of terms in specific domains. The Wiki is fed with terms that are automatically extracted from documents in different languages. The users can modify these terms and relate them across languages. The system generates complex, language-neu...

  20. Towards Annotopia—Enabling the Semantic Interoperability of Web-Based Annotations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Gerber

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the results of a collaborative effort that has reconciled the Open Annotation Collaboration (OAC ontology and the Annotation Ontology (AO to produce a merged data model [the Open Annotation (OA data model] to describe Web-based annotations—and hence facilitate the discovery, sharing and re-use of such annotations. Using a number of case studies that include digital scholarly editing, 3D museum artifacts and sensor data streams, we evaluate the OA model’s capabilities. We also describe our implementation of an online annotation server that supports the storage, search and retrieval of OA-compliant annotations across multiple applications and disciplines. Finally we discuss outstanding problem issues associated with the OA ontology, and the impact that certain design decisions have had on the efficient storage, indexing, search and retrieval of complex structured annotations.