International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rajput, B.S.
1986-01-01
The generalization of the unification of electromagnetic and gravitational forces in the curved spaces is being undertaken currently by using recent non-Abelian gauge theory of fields associated with dyons. The author has also constructed the gauge invariant and Lorentz covariant theory of second quantization of the fields associated with dyons of spin-1 and spin -1/2 and it has been shown that the locality cannot be achieved in general in the commutation of second quantized transverse fields and potentials of dyons and that the effect of making simultaneously the charge and current source densities vanishing is the same as that of making dyonic mass vanishing. Demonstrating that the generalized fields associated with dyons cannot be described in Abelian gauge theory and that the sensible gauge theory of these fields is a non-Ableian one, has recently constructed a suitable Lorentz invariant non-Abelian gauge theory of the fields associated with dyons to describe the dual dynamics between colour isocharges and topological charges
Finite energy electroweak dyon
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kimm, Kyoungtae [Seoul National University, Faculty of Liberal Education, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, J.H. [Konkuk University, Department of Physics, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Y.M. [Konkuk University, Administration Building 310-4, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-02-01
The latest MoEDAL experiment at LHC to detect the electroweak monopole makes the theoretical prediction of the monopole mass an urgent issue. We discuss three different ways to estimate the mass of the electroweak monopole. We first present the dimensional and scaling arguments which indicate the monopole mass to be around 4 to 10 TeV. To justify this we construct finite energy analytic dyon solutions which could be viewed as the regularized Cho-Maison dyon, modifying the coupling strength at short distance. Our result demonstrates that a genuine electroweak monopole whose mass scale is much smaller than the grand unification scale can exist, which can actually be detected at the present LHC. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grossman, B.
1983-01-01
In the presence of a CP-nonconservation measured by an angle theta, the ground state of a point magnetic monopole is shown to have an electric charge of value -etheta/2π which changes discontinuously to zero for massless fermions. A new version of Levinson's theorem is also given. The latter effect as well as the S-wave helicity flip of a dyon can be interpreted as a leak at the origin
Monopole and dyon supermultiplets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Minakata, H.
1985-01-01
The structure of monopole and dyon supermultiplets is elucidated in some supersymmetric gauge theories which admit classical monopole solutions. Our particular emphasis is on the phenomenon of fermion fractionization in supersymmetric theories. It is shown that in the N = 1 and N = 2 supersymmetric Georgi-Glashow models the occurrence of the fermion fractionization is the necessity; the ignorance of it results in the inconsistency in the perturbative calculation of the mass splittings among the members of the supermultiplets. The notable feature of our result is that the degeneracy due to the Jackiw-Rebbi zero mode is not independent of the one required by the supersymmetry, suggesting a nontrivial structure in embedding the topology of Higgs fields into supersymmetric gauge theories
Global quantity for dyons with various charge distributions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Koh, I.G.; Kim, Y.
1980-06-01
The spatial volume integral of Tr *F F characterizes the dyons globally. This integral is investigated for the dyons with various electric and magnetic charge distributions, which can be probed by the scattering of the test particle in these dyon fields. (author)
Magnetic monopoles and dyons interacting with matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bracci, L.
1985-01-01
After a brief, critical review of the Drell et al. method, we propose an alternative approach suitable for the study of dyon and dyon-negative-electron (Dy-e) system interactions with hydrogen and helium. This method, called the impact parameter method (IPM), has been used already in atomic collisions and allows the calculation of energy losses in H and He. We report these quantities and comment on their behaviour versus the relative velocities between Dy or Dy-e and atoms; we compare them to the monopole results. Conclusions in relation to planned experiments are outlined. (orig.)
Time delay and the dyon charge
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grossman, B.
1983-01-01
The scattering of fermions from a magnetic monopole is analyzed in a theory with CP nonconservation. The dyon charge that arises can be understood as a Friedel sum rule from the theory of alloys, as the data for a Riemann-Hilbert problem in the theory of integral equations, and as a consequence of specifying Wigner's R matrix at the monopole core
Counting dyons in N=4 string theory
Dijkgraaf, R; Verlinde, Herman L
1997-01-01
We present a microscopic index formula for the degeneracy of dyons in four-dimensional N=4 string theory. This counting formula is manifestly symmetric under the duality group, and its asymptotic growth reproduces the macroscopic Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. We give a derivation of this result in terms of the type II five-brane compactified on K3, by assuming that its fluctuations are described by a closed string theory on its world-volume. We find that the degeneracies are given in terms of the denominator of a generalized super Kac-Moody algebra. We also discuss the correspondence of this result with the counting of D-brane states.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murthy, Sameer; Pioline, Boris
2009-01-01
We study exponentially suppressed contributions to the degeneracies of extremal black holes. Within Sen's quantum entropy function framework and focusing on extremal black holes with an intermediate AdS 3 region, we identify an infinite family of semi-classical AdS 2 geometries which can contribute effects of order exp(S 0 /c), where S 0 is the Bekenstein-Hawking-Wald entropy and c is an integer greater than one. These solutions lift to the extremal limit of the SL(2,Z) family of BTZ black holes familiar from the 'black hole Farey tail'. We test this understanding in N = 4 string vacua, where exact dyon degeneracies are known to be given by Fourier coefficients of Siegel modular forms. We relate the sum over poles in the Siegel upper half plane to the Farey tail expansion, and derive a 'Farey tale' expansion for the dyon partition function. Mathematically, this provides a (formal) lift from Hilbert modular forms to Siegel modular forms with a pole at the diagonal divisor.
Confining dyon gas with finite-volume effects under control
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bruckmann, Falk [Regensburg Univ. (Germany). Institut fuer Theoretische Physik; Dinter, Simon [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Ilgenfritz, Ernst-Michael [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, VBLHEP, Dubna (Russian Federation); Maier, Benjamin; Mueller-Preussker, Michael [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Wagner, Marc [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2011-11-15
As an approach to describe the long-range properties of non-Abelian gauge theories at non-zero temperature T
Confining dyon gas with finite-volume effects under control
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruckmann, Falk; Maier, Benjamin; Mueller-Preussker, Michael; Wagner, Marc; Frankfurt Univ.
2011-11-01
As an approach to describe the long-range properties of non-Abelian gauge theories at non-zero temperature T c , we consider a non-interacting ensemble of dyons (magnetic monopoles) with non-trivial holonomy. We show analytically, that the quark-antiquark free energy from the Polyakov loop correlator grows linearly with the distance, and how the string tension scales with the dyon density. In numerical treatments, the long-range tails of the dyon fields cause severe finite-volume effects. Therefore, we demonstrate the application of Ewald's summation method to this system. Finite-volume effects are shown to be under control, which is a crucial requirement for numerical studies of interacting dyon ensembles. (orig.)
Split Octonion electrodynamics and unified fields of dyons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bisht, P.S.
2004-01-01
Split octonion electrodynamics has been developed in terms of Zorn's vector matrix realization by reformulating electromagnetic potential, current, field tensor and other dynamical quantities. Corresponding field equation (Unified Maxwell's equations) and equation of motion have been reformulated by means of split octonion and its Zorn vector realization in unique, simpler and consistent manner. It has been shown that this theory reproduces the dyon field equations in the absence of gravito-dyons and vice versa
Fermion interactions with a Kaluza-Klein dyon
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Xi, Z.M.
1986-04-01
The fermion dynamics in the background of a five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein dyon is studied. It is found that the hamiltonian is self-adjoint despite the singular nature of the origin, and the fermion scattering on the dyon in the lowest angular momentum j = 0 channel is a helicity flip process. The possibility for charge-exchange process in the non-Abelian Kaluza-Klein theories is discussed
p-brane dyons and electric-magnetic duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deser, S.; Henneaux, M.; Teitelboim, C.
1998-01-01
We discuss dyons, charge quantization and electric-magnetic duality for self-interacting, abelian, p-form theories in the space-time dimensions D=2(p+1) where dyons can be present. The corresponding quantization conditions and duality properties are strikingly different depending on whether p is odd or even. If p is odd one has the familiar e anti g-g anti e=2πnℎ, whereas for even p one finds the opposite relative sign, e anti g+g anti e=2πnℎ. These conditions are obtained by introducing Dirac strings and taking due account of the multiple connectedness of the configuration space of the strings and the dyons. A two-potential formulation of the theory that treats the electric and magnetic sources on the same footing is also given. Our results hold for arbitrary gauge invariant self-interaction of the fields and are valid irrespective of their duality properties. (orig.)
Fermion-dyon dynamics in non-Abelian gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pant, P.C.; Pandey, V.P.; Rajput, B.S.
1999-01-01
The study of behaviour of a fermion in the field of non-Abelian dyon has been undertaken in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation. Solving Dirac equation, expression for energy Eigen value has been obtained and the Hamiltonian of this system has been shown to involve spin as well as contribution of massive fields associated with these particles. By introducing suitable spinors, the Pauli equation for a dyon moving in the field of fermion has been solved in non-Abelian gauge gauge theory and it is shown that introduction of massive fields perceptibly modifies the energy Eigen value and Eigen function of bound states of the system. (author)
A geometric derivation of the dyon wall-crossing group
Cheng, M.C.N.; Hollands, L.
2009-01-01
Recently, using supergravity analysis, a hyperbolic reflection group was found to underlie the structure of wall-crossing, or the discontinuous moduli dependence of the supersymmetric index due to the presence of walls of marginal stability, of the BPS dyons in the N = 4, d = 4 compactification. In
Renormalization of the QEMD of a dyon field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Panagiotakopoulos, C.
1983-01-01
A renormalized quantum electromagnetodynamics (QEMD) of a dyon field is defined. Finite and n-independent answers can be obtained in each order of the loop expansion for all processes. The electric and magnetic charges are not constrained with the Dirac condition and therefore perturbation theory can be made reliable. The renormalized theory is found to possess exact dual invariance. Comparisons with the general QEMD of electric and magnetic charges are made. (orig.)
Renormalization of the QEMD of a dyon field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Panagiotakopoulos, C.
1982-05-01
A renormalized quantum electromagnetodynamics (QEMD) of a dyon field is defined. Finite and n independent answers can be obtained in each order of the loop expansion for all processes. The electric and magnetic charges are not constrained with the Dirac condition and therefore perturbation theory can be made reliable. The renormalized theory is found to possess exact dual invariance. Comparisons with the general QEMD of electric and magnetic charges are made. (author)
Non-Abelian gauge theory of fields associated with dyons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rajput, B.S.; Kumar, S.R.
1983-01-01
A suitable Lorentz invariant non-Abelian gauge theory of the fields associated with dyons has been constructed to describe the dual dynamics between colour isocharges and topological charges. It has been shown that the generalized particle current is gauge covariant and not conserved in non-Abelian theory. It has also been shown that in this theory the unphysical string variables and unphysical charged fields are not needed and that any extra constraint to maintain the dual symmetry of field equation and Lagrangian is also not needed. (author)
Gravitational Collapse of Radiating Dyon Solution and Cosmic Censorship Hypothesis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Patil, K. D.; Zade, S. S.; Mohod, A. N.
2008-01-01
We investigate the possibility of cosmic censorship violation in the gravitational collapse of radiating dyon solution. It is shown that the final outcome of the collapse depends sensitively on the electric and magnetic charge parameters. The graphs of the outer apparent horizon, inner Cauchy horizon for different values of parameters are drawn. It is found that the electric and magnetic components push the apparent horizon towards the retarded time-coordinate axis, which in turn reduces the radius of the apparent horizon in Vaidya spacetime. Also, we extend the earlier work of Chamorro and Virbhadra [Pramana, J. Phys. 45 (1995) 181
Dyons near the transition temperature in SU(3) lattice gluodynamics
Bornyakov, V. G.; Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Martemyanov, B. V.
2018-05-01
We study the topological structure of SU(3) lattice gluodynamics by cluster analysis. This methodological study is meant as preparation for full QCD. The topological charge density is becoming visible in the process of over-improved gradient flow, which is monitored by means of the inverse participation ratio. The flow is stopped at the moment when calorons dissociate into dyons due to the over-improved character of the underlying action. This gives the possibility to simultaneously detect all three dyonic constituents of KvBLL calorons in the gluonic field. The behavior of the average Polyakov loop (PL) under (over-improved) gradient flow could also serve as a diagnostics for the actual phase the configuration is belonging to. Time-like Abelian monopole currents and specific patterns of the local PL are correlated with the topological clusters. The spectrum of reconstructed cluster charges Q cl corresponds to the phases. It is scattered around Q cl ≈ ±1/3 in the confined phase, whereas it is Q cl ≈ ±(0.5 ÷ 0.7) for heavy dyons and | {Q}{{cl}}| memory of Michael Müller-Preussker who was a member of our research group for more than twenty years.
Gauge-invariant charged, monopole and dyon fields in gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Froehlich, J.; Marchetti, P.A.
1999-01-01
We propose explicit recipes to construct the Euclidean Green functions of gauge-invariant charged, monopole and dyon fields in four-dimensional gauge theories whose phase diagram contains phases with deconfined electric and/or magnetic charges. In theories with only either abelian electric or magnetic charges, our construction is an Euclidean version of Dirac's original proposal, the magnetic dual of his proposal, respectively. Rigorous mathematical control is achieved for a class of abelian lattice theories. In theories where electric and magnetic charges coexist, our construction of Green functions of electrically or magnetically charged fields involves taking an average over Mandelstam strings or the dual magnetic flux tubes, in accordance with Dirac's flux quantization condition. We apply our construction to 't Hooft-Polyakov monopoles and Julia-Zee dyons. Connections between our construction and the semiclassical approach are discussed
Dipole transitions and Stark effect in the charge-dyon system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mardoyan, Levon; Nersessian, Armen; Sarkisyan, Hayk; Yeghikyan, Vahagn
2007-01-01
We consider the dipole transitions and the linear and quadratic Stark effects in the MICZ-Kepler system interpreted as a charge-dyon system. We show that while the linear Stark effect in the ground state is proportional to the azimuth quantum number (and to the sign of the monopole number), the quadratic Stark effect in the ground state is independent of the signs of the azimuth and monopole numbers
Dyon Condensation and Dual Superconductivity in Abelian Higgs Model of QCD
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B. S. Rajput
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Constructing the effective action for dyonic field in Abelian projection of QCD, it has been demonstrated that any charge (electrical or magnetic of dyon screens its own direct potential to which it minimally couples and antiscreens the dual potential leading to dual superconductivity in accordance with generalized Meissner effect. Taking the Abelian projection of QCD, an Abelian Higgs model, incorporating dual superconductivity and confinement, has been constructed and its representation has been obtained in terms of average of Wilson loop.
Instanton-dyon ensembles reproduce deconfinement and chiral restoration phase transitions
Shuryak, Edward
2018-03-01
Paradigm shift in gauge topology at finite temperatures, from the instantons to their constituents - instanton-dyons - has recently lead to studies of their ensembles and very significant advances. Like instantons, they have fermionic zero modes, and their collectivization at suffciently high density explains the chiral symmetry breaking transition. Unlike instantons, these objects have electric and magnetic charges. Simulations of the instanton-dyon ensembles have demonstrated that their back reaction on the Polyakov line modifies its potential and generates the deconfinement phase transition. For the Nc = 2 gauge theory the transition is second order, for QCD-like theory with Nc = 2 and two light quark flavors Nf = 2 both transitions are weak crossovers at happening at about the same condition. Introduction of quark-flavor-dependent periodicity phases (imaginary chemical potentials) leads to drastic changes in both transitions. In particulaly, in the so called Z(Nc) - QCD model the deconfinement transforms to strong first order transition, while the chiral condensate does not disappear at all. The talk will also cover more detailed studies of correlations between the dyons, effective eta' mass and other screening masses.
Dyons, Superstrings, and Wormholes: Exact Solutions of the Non-Abelian Dirac-Born-Infeld Action
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Edward A. Olszewski
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We construct dyon solutions on coincident D4-branes, obtained by applying T-duality transformations to type I SO(32 superstring theory in 10 dimensions. These solutions, which are exact, are obtained from an action comprising the non-Abelian Dirac-Born-Infeld action and a Wess-Zumino-like action. When one spatial dimension of the D4-branes is taken to be vanishingly small, the dyons are analogous to the ’t Hooft/Polyakov monopole residing in a 3+1-dimensional spacetime, where the component of the Yang-Mills potential transforming as a Lorentz scalar is reinterpreted as a Higgs boson transforming in the adjoint representation of the gauge group. Applying a T-duality transformation to the vanishingly small spatial dimension, we obtain a collection of D3-branes, not all of which are coincident. Two of the D3-branes, distinct from the others, acquire intrinsic, finite curvature and are connected by a wormhole. The dyons possess electric and magnetic charges whose values on each D3-brane are the negative of one another. The gravitational effects, which arise after the T-duality transformation, occur despite the fact that the action of the system does not explicitly include the gravitational interaction. These solutions provide a simple example of the subtle relationship between the Yang-Mills and gravitational interactions, that is, gauge/gravity duality.
Plasma burn-through simulations using the DYON code and predictions for ITER
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Hyun-Tae; Sips, A C C; De Vries, P C
2013-01-01
This paper will discuss simulations of the full ionization process (i.e. plasma burn-through), fundamental to creating high temperature plasma. By means of an applied electric field, the gas is partially ionized by the electron avalanche process. In order for the electron temperature to increase, the remaining neutrals need to be fully ionized in the plasma burn-through phase, as radiation is the main contribution to the electron power loss. The radiated power loss can be significantly affected by impurities resulting from interaction with the plasma facing components. The DYON code is a plasma burn-through simulator developed at Joint European Torus (JET) (Kim et al and EFDA-JET Contributors 2012 Nucl. Fusion 52 103016, Kim, Sips and EFDA-JET Contributors 2013 Nucl. Fusion 53 083024). The dynamic evolution of the plasma temperature and plasma densities including the impurity content is calculated in a self-consistent way using plasma wall interaction models. The recent installation of a beryllium wall at JET enabled validation of the plasma burn-through model in the presence of new, metallic plasma facing components. The simulation results of the plasma burn-through phase show a consistent good agreement against experiments at JET, and explain differences observed during plasma initiation with the old carbon plasma facing components. In the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the allowable toroidal electric field is restricted to 0.35 (V m −1 ), which is significantly lower compared to the typical value (∼1 (V m −1 )) used in the present devices. The limitation on toroidal electric field also reduces the range of other operation parameters during plasma formation in ITER. Thus, predictive simulations of plasma burn-through in ITER using validated model is of crucial importance. This paper provides an overview of the DYON code and the validation, together with new predictive simulations for ITER using the DYON code. (paper)
Pair production of scalar dyons in Kerr-Newman black holes
Chen, Chiang-Mei; Kim, Sang Pyo; Sun, Jia-Rui; Tang, Fu-Yi
2018-06-01
We study the spontaneous pair production of scalar dyons in the near extremal dyonic Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole, which contains a warped AdS3 structure in the near horizon region. The leading term contribution of the pair production rate and the absorption cross section ratio are also calculated using the Hamilton-Jacobi approach and the thermal interpretation is given. In addition, the holographic dual conformal field theories (CFTs) descriptions of the pair production rate and absorption cross section ratios are analyzed both in the J-, Q- and P-pictures respectively based on the threefold dyonic KN/CFTs dualities.
Scalar Dyon Production In Near Extremal Kerr-Newman Black Holes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chen Chiang-Mei
2018-01-01
Full Text Available The pair production of charged scalar dyons is analytically studied in near-extremal Kerr-Newman (KN dyonic black holes. The pair production rate and its thermal interpretation are given. Moreover, the absorption cross section ratio has been compared with the two-point function of the conformal field theories (CFTs holographically dual to the near horizon geometry, namely warped AdS3, of the near extremal Kerr-Newman black holes to verify the threefold dyonic KN/CFTs correspondence.
Monopole-fermion and dyon-fermion bound states. Pt. 4
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Osland, P.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA; Tai Tsun Wu
1985-01-01
In the first part of the paper, we give analytic, approximate results for dyon-fermion binding energies and wave functions, valid for large values of A = 1/2 Zvertical strokeegvertical strokeK, where K is the magnetic moment. In the second part, more general results are obtained for the same problem that are valid when either A is large or the binding is weak. Numerical results for the binding energy are tabulated and compared. The case of very strong binding is also discussed. (orig.)
Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory: dyon solution with regular electric field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Balakin, Alexander B.; Zayats, Alexei E. [Kazan Federal University, Department of General Relativity and Gravitation, Institute of Physics, Kazan (Russian Federation)
2017-08-15
In the framework of the Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory we consider static spherically symmetric solutions which describe a magnetic monopole in the axionic environment. These solutions are interpreted as the solutions for an axionic dyon, the electric charge of which is composite, i.e. in addition to the standard central electric charge it includes an effective electric charge induced by the axion-photon coupling. We focus on the analysis of those solutions which are characterized by the electric field regular at the center. Special attention is paid to the solutions with the electric field that is vanishing at the center, and that has the Coulombian asymptote, and thus displays an extremum at some distant sphere. Constraints on the electric and effective scalar charges of such an object are discussed. (orig.)
Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory: dyon solution with regular electric field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Balakin, Alexander B.; Zayats, Alexei E.
2017-01-01
In the framework of the Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory we consider static spherically symmetric solutions which describe a magnetic monopole in the axionic environment. These solutions are interpreted as the solutions for an axionic dyon, the electric charge of which is composite, i.e. in addition to the standard central electric charge it includes an effective electric charge induced by the axion-photon coupling. We focus on the analysis of those solutions which are characterized by the electric field regular at the center. Special attention is paid to the solutions with the electric field that is vanishing at the center, and that has the Coulombian asymptote, and thus displays an extremum at some distant sphere. Constraints on the electric and effective scalar charges of such an object are discussed. (orig.)
Dilatonic dyon-like black hole solutions in the model with two Abelian gauge fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abishev, M.E. [Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology, RUDN University, Moscow (Russian Federation); Boshkayev, K.A. [Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty (Kazakhstan); Ivashchuk, V.D. [Center for Gravitation and Fundamental Metrology, VNIIMS, Moscow (Russian Federation); Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology, RUDN University, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2017-03-15
Dilatonic black hole dyon-like solutions in the gravitational 4d model with a scalar field, two 2-forms, two dilatonic coupling constants λ{sub i} ≠ 0, i = 1,2, obeying λ{sub 1} ≠ -λ{sub 2} and the sign parameter ε = ±1 for scalar field kinetic term are considered. Here ε = -1 corresponds to a ghost scalar field. These solutions are defined up to solutions of two master equations for two moduli functions, when λ{sup 2}{sub i} ≠ 1/2 for ε = -1. Some physical parameters of the solutions are obtained: gravitational mass, scalar charge, Hawking temperature, black hole area entropy and parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) parameters β and γ. The PPN parameters do not depend on the couplings λ{sub i} and ε. A set of bounds on the gravitational mass and scalar charge are found by using a certain conjecture on the parameters of solutions, when 1 + 2λ{sub i}{sup 2} ε > 0, i = 1,2. (orig.)
Optical knots and contact geometry II. From Ranada dyons to transverse and cosmetic knots
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kholodenko, Arkady L., E-mail: string@clemson.edu
2016-08-15
Some time ago Ranada (1989) obtained new nontrivial solutions of the Maxwellian gauge fields without sources. These were reinterpreted in Kholodenko (2015) [10] (part I) as particle-like (monopoles, dyons, etc.). They were obtained by the method of Abelian reduction of the non-Abelian Yang–Mills functional. The developed method uses instanton-type calculations normally employed for the non-Abelian gauge fields. By invoking the electric–magnetic duality it then becomes possible to replace all known charges/masses by the particle-like solutions of the source-free Abelian gauge fields. To employ these results in high energy physics, it is essential to extend Ranada’s results by carefully analyzing and classifying all dynamically generated knotted/linked structures in gauge fields, including those discovered by Ranada. This task is completed in this work. The study is facilitated by the recent progress made in solving the Moffatt conjecture. Its essence is stated as follows: in steady incompressible Euler-type fluids the streamlines could have knots/links of all types. By employing the correspondence between the ideal hydrodynamics and electrodynamics discussed in part I and by superimposing it with the already mentioned method of Abelian reduction, it is demonstrated that in the absence of boundaries only the iterated torus knots and links could be dynamically generated. Obtained results allow to develop further particle-knot/link correspondence studied in Kholodenko (2015) [13].
No more walls! A tale of modularity, symmetry, and wall crossing for 1/4 BPS dyons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Paquette, Natalie M.; Volpato, Roberto; Zimet, Max
2017-01-01
We determine the generating functions of 1/4 BPS dyons in a class of 4d N=4 string vacua arising as CHL orbifolds of K3×T 2 , a classification of which has been recently completed. We show that all such generating functions obey some simple physical consistency conditions that are very often sufficient to fix them uniquely. The main constraint we impose is the absence of unphysical walls of marginal stability: discontinuities of 1/4 BPS degeneracies can only occur when 1/4 BPS dyons decay into pairs of 1/2 BPS states. Formally, these generating functions in spacetime can be described as multiplicative lifts of certain supersymmetric indices (twining genera) on the worldsheet of the corresponding nonlinear sigma model on K3. As a consequence, our procedure also leads to an explicit derivation of almost all of these twining genera. The worldsheet indices singled out in this way match precisely a set of functions of interest in moonshine, as predicted by a recent conjecture.
No more walls! A tale of modularity, symmetry, and wall crossing for 1/4 BPS dyons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paquette, Natalie M. [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University,382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Volpato, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia ‘Galileo Galilei’,Università di Padova & INFN sez. di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Zimet, Max [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University,382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
2017-05-10
We determine the generating functions of 1/4 BPS dyons in a class of 4d N=4 string vacua arising as CHL orbifolds of K3×T{sup 2}, a classification of which has been recently completed. We show that all such generating functions obey some simple physical consistency conditions that are very often sufficient to fix them uniquely. The main constraint we impose is the absence of unphysical walls of marginal stability: discontinuities of 1/4 BPS degeneracies can only occur when 1/4 BPS dyons decay into pairs of 1/2 BPS states. Formally, these generating functions in spacetime can be described as multiplicative lifts of certain supersymmetric indices (twining genera) on the worldsheet of the corresponding nonlinear sigma model on K3. As a consequence, our procedure also leads to an explicit derivation of almost all of these twining genera. The worldsheet indices singled out in this way match precisely a set of functions of interest in moonshine, as predicted by a recent conjecture.
Chasing the cuprates with dilatonic dyons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amoretti, Andrea [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge,Cambridge, CB3 OWA (United Kingdom); Baggioli, Matteo [Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology,Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Magnoli, Nicodemo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Genova, and I.N.F.N. - Sezione di Genova,via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146, Genova (Italy); Musso, Daniele [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP),Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste (Italy)
2016-06-20
Magnetic field and momentum dissipation are key ingredients in describing condensed matter systems. We include them in gauge/gravity and systematically explore the bottom-up panorama of holographic IR effective field theories based on bulk Einstein-Maxwell Lagrangians plus scalars. The class of solutions here examined appears insufficient to capture the phenomenology of charge transport in the cuprates. We analyze in particular the temperature scaling of the resistivity and of the Hall angle. Keeping an open attitude, we illustrate weak and strong points of the approach.
A Friedel sum rule for the dyon charge
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grossman, B.
1984-01-01
This chapter considers the magnetic monopole as an impurity in the Dirac sea in order to gain an understanding of the ground state of the magnetic monopole. In a CP violating theory, the magnetic monopole acquires a non-zero electric charge that does not violate any quantization condition. The discussion is restricted to a point abelian magnetic monopole. The Atiyah-Singer index the orem is used by dimensional reduction from four-dimensions
Dyons in presence of gravitation and symmetrized field equations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rawat, A.S.; Negi, O.P.S.
1999-01-01
Combined theory of gravitation and electromagnetism associated with particles carrying electric and magnetic charges has been established from an invariant action principle. Corresponding field equations, equation of motion and Einstein Maxwell's equations are obtained in unique and consistent way. It is shown that weak field approximation of slowly moving particle in gravitational field leads the symmetry between electromagnetic and linear gravitational fields. Postulation of the existence of gravimagnetic monopole leads structural symmetry between generalized electromagnetic and gravielectromagnetic fields. Corresponding quantization conditions and angular momentum are also analysed. (author)
On the existence of dyons and dyonic black holes in Einstein–Yang–Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nolan, Brien C; Winstanley, Elizabeth
2012-01-01
We study dyonic soliton and black hole solutions of the su(2) Einstein–Yang–Mills equations in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space. We prove the existence of non-trivial dyonic soliton and black hole solutions in a neighbourhood of the trivial solution. For these solutions the magnetic gauge field function has no zeros and we conjecture that at least some of these non-trivial solutions will be stable. The global existence proof uses local existence results and a nonlinear perturbation argument based on the (Banach space) implicit function theorem. (paper)
Monopole-fermion and dyon-fermion bound states. Pt. 5
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Osland, P.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA; Schultz, C.L.; Wu, T.T.
1985-02-01
We present explicit, approximate, remarkably precise results for the Kazama-Yang hamiltonian, which describes a Dirac monopole interacting with a spin-1/2 fermion that has an extra magnetic moment. The results are valid for bound states of angular momentum j >= Zvertical strokeegvertical stroke+1/2, where the radial wave functions are determined by four coupled differential equations. These equations have been solved analytically for M - E << M, which is a limit of considerable practical interest. Binding energies and wave functions are given. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vieira, H.S., E-mail: horacio.santana.vieira@hotmail.com [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Centro de Ciências, Tecnologia e Saúde, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, CEP 58233-000, Araruna, PB (Brazil); Bezerra, V.B., E-mail: valdir@fisica.ufpb.br [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Silva, G.V., E-mail: gislainevs@hotmail.com [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB (Brazil)
2015-11-15
Charged massive scalar fields are considered in the gravitational and electromagnetic field produced by a dyonic black hole with a cosmic string along its axis of symmetry. Exact solutions of both angular and radial parts of the covariant Klein–Gordon equation in this background are obtained, and are given in terms of the confluent Heun functions. The role of the presence of the cosmic string in these solutions is showed up. From the radial solution, we obtain the exact wave solutions near the exterior horizon of the black hole, and discuss the Hawking radiation spectrum and the energy flux. -- Highlights: •A cosmic string is introduced along the axis of symmetry of the dyonic black hole. •The covariant Klein–Gordon equation for a charged massive scalar field in this background is analyzed. •Both angular and radial parts are transformed to a confluent Heun equation. •The resulting Hawking radiation spectrum and the energy flux are obtained.
Oscillator as a hidden non-Abelian monopole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mardoyan, L.G.; Sisakyan, A.N.; Ter-Antonyan, V.M.
1996-01-01
A non-Abelian SU(2) model is constructed for a five-dimensional bound system 'charge-dyon' on the basis of the Hurwitz-transformed eight-dimensional isotropic quantum oscillator. The principle of dyon-oscillator duality is formulated; the energy spectrum and wave functions of the system 'charge-dyon' are calculated. 20 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wolf, C.
1993-01-01
We study the screening of a central Abelian dyon by a surrounding dyon cloud in a two potential theory of electromagnetism. A generalized formula for the Debye screening length is obtained and a Thomas - Fermi Model for a charged cloud surrounding a central Dyonic Core is studied. 20 refs
Recent progress in understanding gauge topology, confinement and chiral symmetry breaking
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Larsen, Rasmus, E-mail: rasmus.n.larsen@stonybrook.edu; Shuryak, Edward
2016-12-15
A model of interacting instanton-dyons as the dominant degrees of freedom was used to discuss confinement and chiral symmetry breaking in SU(2). The case without fermions and with two flavors of fermions was discussed. Numerical results show that within this model, both with and without fermions, confinement is induced by the repulsion between dyons of same type, as the density of dyons increase at lower temperature. With fermions, the result of confinement at lower temperature, combined with the increased density made the effective distance between fermionic zero-modes smaller, thus inducing a non-zero chiral condensate, obtained by fitting to a eigenvalue density formula from random matrix theory.
Excitation of simple atoms by slow magnetic monopoles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kroll, N.M.; Parke, S.J.; Ganapathi, V.; Drell, S.D.
1984-01-01
We present a theory of excitation of simple atoms by slow moving massive monopoles. Previously presented results for a monopole of Dirac strength on hydrogen and helium are reviewed. The hydrogen theory is extended to include arbitrary integral multiples of the Dirac pole strength. The excitation of helium by double strength poles and by dyons is also discussed. It is concluded that a helium proportional counter is a reliable and effective detector for monopoles of arbitrary strength, and for negatively charged dyons
Monopole-fermion systems in the complex isotropic tetrad formalism
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gal'tsov, D.V.; Ershov, A.A.
1988-01-01
The interaction of fermions of arbitrary isospin with regular magnetic monopoles and dyons of the group SU(2) and also with point gravitating monopoles and dyons of the Wu-Yang type described by the Reissner-Nordstrom metric are studied using the Newman-Penrose complex isotropic tetrad formalism. Formulas for the bound-state spectrum and explicit expressions for the zero modes are obtained and the Rubakov-Callan effect for black holes is discussed
Particle-like structure of coaxial Lie algebras
Vinogradov, A. M.
2018-01-01
This paper is a natural continuation of Vinogradov [J. Math. Phys. 58, 071703 (2017)] where we proved that any Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field or over R can be assembled in a number of steps from two elementary constituents, called dyons and triadons. Here we consider the problems of the construction and classification of those Lie algebras which can be assembled in one step from base dyons and triadons, called coaxial Lie algebras. The base dyons and triadons are Lie algebra structures that have only one non-trivial structure constant in a given basis, while coaxial Lie algebras are linear combinations of pairwise compatible base dyons and triadons. We describe the maximal families of pairwise compatible base dyons and triadons called clusters, and, as a consequence, we give a complete description of the coaxial Lie algebras. The remarkable fact is that dyons and triadons in clusters are self-organised in structural groups which are surrounded by casings and linked by connectives. We discuss generalisations and applications to the theory of deformations of Lie algebras.
Octonionic matrix representation and electromagnetism
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chanyal, B. C. [Kumaun University, S. S. J. Campus, Almora (India)
2014-12-15
Keeping in mind the important role of octonion algebra, we have obtained the electromagnetic field equations of dyons with an octonionic 8 x 8 matrix representation. In this paper, we consider the eight - dimensional octonionic space as a combination of two (external and internal) four-dimensional spaces for the existence of magnetic monopoles (dyons) in a higher-dimensional formalism. As such, we describe the octonion wave equations in terms of eight components from the 8 x 8 matrix representation. The octonion forms of the generalized potential, fields and current source of dyons in terms of 8 x 8 matrix are discussed in a consistent manner. Thus, we have obtained the generalized Dirac-Maxwell equations of dyons from an 8x8 matrix representation of the octonion wave equations in a compact and consistent manner. The generalized Dirac-Maxwell equations are fully symmetric Maxwell equations and allow for the possibility of magnetic charges and currents, analogous to electric charges and currents. Accordingly, we have obtained the octonionic Dirac wave equations in an external field from the matrix representation of the octonion-valued potentials of dyons.
Extremal dyonic black holes in D=4 Gauss-Bonnet gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen, C.-M.; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Orlov, Dmitry G.
2008-01-01
We investigate extremal dyon black holes in the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with higher curvature corrections in the form of the Gauss-Bonnet density coupled to the dilaton. In the same theory without the Gauss-Bonnet term the extremal dyon solutions exist only for discrete values of the dilaton coupling constant a. We show that the Gauss-Bonnet term acts as a dyon hair tonic enlarging the allowed values of a to continuous domains in the plane (a,q m ) where q m is the magnetic charge. In the limit of the vanishing curvature coupling (a large magnetic charge) the dyon solutions obtained tend to the Reissner-Nordstroem solution but not to the extremal dyons of the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory. Both solutions have the same dependence of the horizon radius in terms of charges. The entropy of new dyonic black holes interpolates between the Bekenstein-Hawking value in the limit of the large magnetic charge (equivalent to the vanishing Gauss-Bonnet coupling) and twice this value for the vanishing magnetic charge. Although an expression for the entropy can be obtained analytically using purely local near-horizon solutions, its interpretation as the black hole entropy is legitimate only once the global black hole solution is known to exist, and we obtain numerically the corresponding conditions on the parameters. Thus, a purely local analysis is insufficient to fully understand the entropy of the curvature-corrected black holes. We also find dyon solutions which are not asymptotically flat, but approach the linear dilaton background at infinity. They describe magnetic black holes on the electric linear dilaton background.
Electrodynamics as a theory of interacting complex charges
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Akeyo Omolo, Joseph
2003-04-01
In this paper, we formulate a general theory of electrodynamics which incorporates both electric and magnetic charges. The mathematical origin of a second vector potential and magnetic charge is established. Electrodynamics is then reformulated in complex form as a theory of complex charges moving in a complex force field. This provides the framework for complex charged particle interactions as a generalization of Schwinger's theory of dyon-dyon interactions. The concept of duality transformation relating electric and magnetic charge spaces is developed within the general framework of electrodynamics in complex form. (author)
Finite temperature LGT in a finite box with BPS monopole boundary conditions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ilgenfritz, E.-M.; Molodtsov, S.V.; Mueller-Preussker, M.; Veselov, A.I.
1999-01-01
Finite temperature SU(2) lattice gauge theory is investigated in a 3D cubic box with fixed boundary conditions (b.c.) provided by a discretized, static BPS monopole solution with varying core scale μ. For discrete μ-values we find stable classical solutions either of electro-magnetic ('dyon') or of purely magnetic type inside the box. Near the deconfinement transition we study the influence of the b.c. on the quantized fields inside the box. In contrast to the purely magnetic background field case, for the dyon case we observe confinement for temperatures above the usual critical one
On the geometrization of electromagnetism by torsion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fonseca Neto, J.B. da.
1984-01-01
The possibility of electromagnetism geometrization using an four dimension Cartan geometry is investigated. The Lagrangian density which presents dual invariance for dyons electrodynamics formulated in term of two potentials is constructed. This theory by association of two potentials with track and with torsion pseudo-track and of the field with torsion covariant divergent is described. The minimum coupling of particle gravitational field of scalar and spinorial fields with dyon geometry theory by the minimum coupling of these fields with Cartan geometry was obtained. (author)
Electrically charged one-and-a-half monopole solution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Teh, Rosy; Ng, Ban-Loong; Wong, Khai-Ming [Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Physics, USM Penang (Malaysia)
2014-05-15
Recently, we have discussed the coexistence of a finite energy one-half monopole and a 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole of opposite magnetic charges. In this paper, we would like to introduce electric charge into this new monopoles configuration, thus creating a one-and-a-half dyon. This new dyon possesses finite energy, magnetic dipole moment, and angular momentum and is able to precess in the presence of an external magnetic field. Similar to the other dyon solutions, when the Higgs self-coupling constant, λ, is nonvanishing, this new dyon solution possesses critical electric charge, total energy, magnetic dipolemoment, and dipole separation as the electric charge parameter, η, approaches 1. The electric charge and total energy increase with η to maximum critical values as η → 1 for all nonvanishing λ. However, the magnetic dipole moment decreases with η when λ ≥ 0.1 and the dipole separation decreases with η when λ ≥ 1 to minimum critical values as η → 1. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Braunschweig, W; Gerhards, R; Kirschfink, F J; Martyn, H U; Rosskamp, P; Bock, B; Eisenmann, J; Fischer, H M; Hartmann, H; Hilger, E
1988-05-01
By seeking to identify magnetically charged particles by their trajectories in a magnetic field, we set limits on the production of monopoles and dyons, via the process e/sup +/e/sup -/ -> ..gamma../sup */Manti M, of masses up to 17 GeV and of magnetic charges between 10 e and 70 e.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abouelsaood, A.
1983-01-01
The problem of the monopole infinite moments of inertia, and the related degeneracies in the dyon spectrum of a grand unified theory in the absence of light fermions is considered. A careful application to gauge theories of the method of collective coordinates is given in two different classes of gauges. A basic defect in the earlier treatments of the subject is pointed out. It is shown that the commonly accepted method, while giving reasonable qualitative results for the dyon spectrum in the SO(3) model, fails completely when applied to grand unified theories. The reason is simply that there is a contribution to the monopole moments of inertia that has so far been overlooked. This contribution is of the same order of magnitude as the already known one. The sum of the two contributions vanishes for these moments of inertia that have been thought to be infinite. This means that, in a grand unified theory without light fermions, dyon states transforming as definite color representations (chromodyons) do not exist if we believe this lowest-order analysis (which is almost all what one can do to show their existence). It is shown that applying the Bohr-Sommerfeld method to the classical dyon solutions leads to the same result. (orig.)
Witten Effect and Fractional Charges on the Domain Wall and the D-Brane-Like Dot
Kanazawa, I.; Maeda, R.
2018-04-01
We have discussed the anomalous excitations such as dyons, Majorana fermions, and quark-like fermions on the domain wall in topological materials and the D-brane-like dot, and the relation to low-energy hadrons in QCD, from the viewpoint of a field-theoretical formula.
S-duality in N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theories with arbitrary gauge group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dorey, Nicholas; Fraser, Christophe; Hollowood, Timothy J.; Kneipp, Marco A.C.
1996-12-01
The Goddard, Nuyts and Olive conjecture for electric-magnetic duality in the Yang-Mills theory with an arbitrary gauge group G is extended by including a non-vanishing vacuum angle θ. This extended S-duality conjecture includes the case when the unbroken gauge group in non-Abelian and a definite prediction for the spectrum of dyons results. (author)
Electrically charged one-and-a-half monopole solution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Teh, Rosy; Ng, Ban-Loong; Wong, Khai-Ming
2014-01-01
Recently, we have discussed the coexistence of a finite energy one-half monopole and a 't Hooft-Polyakov monopole of opposite magnetic charges. In this paper, we would like to introduce electric charge into this new monopoles configuration, thus creating a one-and-a-half dyon. This new dyon possesses finite energy, magnetic dipole moment, and angular momentum and is able to precess in the presence of an external magnetic field. Similar to the other dyon solutions, when the Higgs self-coupling constant, λ, is nonvanishing, this new dyon solution possesses critical electric charge, total energy, magnetic dipolemoment, and dipole separation as the electric charge parameter, η, approaches 1. The electric charge and total energy increase with η to maximum critical values as η → 1 for all nonvanishing λ. However, the magnetic dipole moment decreases with η when λ ≥ 0.1 and the dipole separation decreases with η when λ ≥ 1 to minimum critical values as η → 1. (orig.)
Dual QCD and phase transition in early universe
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ranjan, Akhilesh; Raina, P.K.; Nandan, Hemwati
2009-01-01
The quantum chromodynamics (QCD) vacuum with condensed monopoles/ dyons (i.e., a dual Ginzburg- Landau (DGL) type model of QCD or dual QCD) has been quite successful to describe the large-distance behavior of QCD vacuum. Further, such DGL theory of QCD at finite temperature is also found to be useful in studying the phase transition process as believed to occur in early universe. In the present article, we have used the DGL theory of QCD with dyons to study the hadronisation in early universe. The effective potential at finite temperature is calculated. The notions of the phase transition in the background of the dyonically condensed QCD vacuum has been investigated by calculating the critical temperature in view of the temperature dependent couplings
The Price of an Electroweak Monopole
Ellis, John; You, Tevong
2016-01-01
In a recent paper, Cho, Kim and Yoon (CKY) have proposed a version of the SU(2) $\\times$ U(1) Standard Model with finite-energy monopole and dyon solutions. The CKY model postulates that the effective U(1) gauge coupling $\\to \\infty$ very rapidly as the Englert-Brout-Higgs vacuum expectation value $\\to 0$, but in a way that is incompatible with LHC measurements of the Higgs boson $H \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ decay rate. We construct generalizations of the CKY model that are compatible with the $H \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ constraint, and calculate the corresponding values of the monopole and dyon masses. We find that the monopole mass could be $< 5.5$ TeV, so that it could be pair-produced at the LHC and accessible to the MoEDAL experiment.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jun, J.H.
1980-01-01
From chapter III to chapter V properties of U(1) monopole are discussed by calculating radiative capture of an electron by a monopole, the scattering cross section of an electron by a dyon, and the bound state properties of the electron-dyon system. The Lipkin-Weisberger-Peshkin difficulty is overcome by an introduction of a small magnetic moment of the electron. In chapter VI, the linear deformation of the Prasad-Sommerfield solution of the t'Hooft Polyakov monopole is discussed, where we found all the deformed solutions analytically. In chapter VII and VIII, the question of a deformed bag and properties of an excited bag are discussed. The excited D-state is mixed with S-state to give the correct value of g/sub A/. Initially, in chapter II, energy ratios for trimuons produced through a heavy-lepton cascade decay are calculated
Condensates near the Argyres-Douglas point in SU (2) gauge theory with broken Ν = 2 supersymmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorsky, A.
2002-01-01
The behaviour of the chiral condensates in the SU(2) gauge theory with broken N = 2 supersymmetry is reviewed. The calculation of monopole, dyon, and charge condensates is described. It is shown that the monopole and charge condensates vanish at the Argyres-Douglas point where the monopole and charge vacua collide. This phenomenon is interpreted as a deconfinement of electric and magnetic charges at the Argyres-Douglas point. (authors)
Low energy dynamics of monopoles in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with hypermultiplets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Chanju
2006-01-01
We derive the low energy dynamics of monopoles and dyons in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with hypermultiplets in arbitrary representations by utilizing a collective coordinate expansion. We consider the most general case that Higgs fields both in the vector multiplet and in the hypermultiplets have nonzero vacuum expectation values. The resulting theory is a supersymmetric quantum mechanics which has been obtained by a nontrivial dimensional reduction of two-dimensional (4,0) supersymmetric sigma models with potentials
Classical electromagnetic field theory in the presence of magnetic sources
Chen, Wen-Jun; Li, Kang; Naón, Carlos
2001-01-01
Using two new well defined 4-dimensional potential vectors, we formulate the classical Maxwell's field theory in a form which has manifest Lorentz covariance and SO(2) duality symmetry in the presence of magnetic sources. We set up a consistent Lagrangian for the theory. Then from the action principle we get both Maxwell's equation and the equation of motion of a dyon moving in the electro-magnetic field.
The classical double copy for Taub–NUT spacetime
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Luna, Andrés, E-mail: a.luna-godoy.1@research.gla.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Monteiro, Ricardo, E-mail: monteiro@maths.ox.ac.uk [Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6GG, England (United Kingdom); O' Connell, Donal, E-mail: donal@staffmail.ed.ac.uk [Higgs Centre for Theoretical Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4030 (United States); White, Chris D., E-mail: Christopher.White@glasgow.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland (United Kingdom)
2015-11-12
The double copy is a much-studied relationship between gauge theory and gravity amplitudes. Recently, this was generalised to an infinite family of classical solutions to Einstein's equations, namely stationary Kerr–Schild geometries. In this paper, we extend this to the Taub–NUT solution in gravity, which has a double Kerr–Schild form. The single copy of this solution is a dyon, whose electric and magnetic charges are related to the mass and NUT charge in the gravity theory. Finally, we find hints that the classical double copy extends to curved background geometries.
Central charges, S-duality and massive vacua of N=1* super-Yang-Mills
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ritz, Adam
2006-01-01
We provide a simple derivation of the extremal values of the superpotential in massive vacua of N=1* SYM, making use of the required modular weight for the central charge of BPS walls interpolating between these vacua. This modular weight descends from the action of S-duality on the N=4 superalgebra which in turn is inherited from its classical action on the dyon spectrum. We show that this kinematic information, combined with minimal knowledge of the weak coupling asymptotics, is sufficient to determine the exact vacuum superpotentials in terms of Eisenstein series
Alvarez-Gaumé, Luís; Kounnas, Costas; Marino, M; Alvarez-Gaume, Luis; Distler, Jacques; Kounnas, Costas; Marino, Marcos
1996-01-01
We analyze the possible soft breaking of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with and without matter flavour preserving the analyticity properties of the Seiberg-Witten solution. For small supersymmetry breaking parameter with respect to the dynamical scale of the theory we obtain an exact expression for the effective potential. We describe in detail the onset of the confinement transition and some of the patterns of chiral symmetry breaking. If we extrapolate the results to the limit where supersymmetry decouples, we obtain hints indicating that perhaps a description of the QCD vacuum will require the use of Lagrangians containing simultaneously mutually non-local degrees of freedom (monopoles and dyons).
Supersymmetric rings in field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J.; Redi, Michele
2006-01-01
We study the dynamics of BPS string-like objects obtained by lifting monopole and dyon solutions of N = 2 Super-Yang-Mills theory to five dimensions. We present exact traveling wave solutions which preserve half of the supersymmetries. Upon compactification this leads to macroscopic BPS rings in four dimensions in field theory. Due to the fact that the strings effectively move in six dimensions the same procedure can also be used to obtain rings in five dimensions by using the hidden dimension
Magnetic Half-Monopole Solutions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Teh, Rosy; Lim, Kok-Geng; Koh, Pin-Wai
2009-01-01
We present exact SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs monopole solutions of one half topological charge. These non-Abelian solutions possess gauge potentials which are singular along either the positive or the negative z-axis and common magnetic fields that are singular only at the origin where the half-monopole is located. These half-monopoles are actually a half Wu-Yang monopole and they can possess a finite point electric charge and become half-dyons. They do not necessarily satisfy the first order Bogomol'nyi equations and they possess infinite energy density at r = 0.
Cho decomposition of electrically charged one-half monopole
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ng, Ban-Loong; Teh, Rosy; Wong, Khai-Ming [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Penang (Malaysia)
2014-03-05
Recently we have carried out some work on the Cho decomposition of the electrically neutral, finite energy one-half monopole solution of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs field theory. In this paper, we performed the decomposition of the electrically charged solution using the same numerical procedure. The gauge potential of the one-half dyon solution is decomposed into Abelian and non-Abelian components. The semi-infinite string singularity in the gauge potential is a contribution of the Higgs field and hence topological in nature. The string singularity cannot be cancelled by the non-Abelian components of the gauge potential. However, the string singularity is integrable and the energy of the solution is finite. By decomposing the magnetic fields and covariant derivatives of the Higgs field into three isospin space directions, we are able to provide conclusive evidence that the constructed one-half dyon is certainly a non-BPS solution even in the limit of vanishing Higgs self-coupling constant and electric charge. Furthermore, we found that the time component of gauge function is parallel to the Higgs field in isospace only at large distances, elsewhere they are non-parallel.
Preon Model and Family Replicated E_6 Unification
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Larisa V. Laperashvili
2008-02-01
Full Text Available Previously we suggested a new preon model of composite quark-leptons and bosons with the 'flipped' $E_6imes widetilde{E_6}$ gauge symmetry group. We assumed that preons are dyons having both hyper-electric $g$ and hyper-magnetic $ilde g$ charges, and these preons-dyons are confined by hyper-magnetic strings which are an ${f N}=1$ supersymmetric non-Abelian flux tubes created by the condensation of spreons near the Planck scale. In the present paper we show that the existence of the three types of strings with tensions $T_k=k T_0$ $(k = 1,2,3$ producing three (and only three generations of composite quark-leptons, also provides three generations of composite gauge bosons ('hyper-gluons' and, as a consequence, predicts the family replicated $[E_6]^3$ unification at the scale $sim 10^{17}$ GeV. This group of unification has the possibility of breaking to the group of symmetry: $ [SU(3_C]^3imes [SU(2_L]^3imes [U(1_Y]^3 imes [U(1_{(B-L}]^3$ which undergoes the breakdown to the Standard Model at lower energies. Some predictive advantages of the family replicated gauge groups of symmetry are briefly discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vieira, H.S., E-mail: horacio.santana.vieira@hotmail.com [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Centro de Ciências, Tecnologia e Saúde, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, CEP 58233-000, Araruna, PB (Brazil); Bezerra, V.B., E-mail: valdir@fisica.ufpb.br [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa, PB (Brazil)
2016-10-15
We apply the confluent Heun functions to study the resonant frequencies (quasispectrum), the Hawking radiation and the scattering process of scalar waves, in a class of spacetimes, namely, the ones generated by a Kerr–Newman–Kasuya spacetime (dyon black hole) and a Reissner–Nordström black hole surrounded by a magnetic field (Ernst spacetime). In both spacetimes, the solutions for the angular and radial parts of the corresponding Klein–Gordon equations are obtained exactly, for massive and massless fields, respectively. The special cases of Kerr and Schwarzschild black holes are analyzed and the solutions obtained, as well as in the case of a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a magnetic field. In all these special situations, the resonant frequencies, Hawking radiation and scattering are studied. - Highlights: • Charged massive scalar field in the dyon black hole and massless scalar field in the Ernst spacetime are analyzed. • The confluent Heun functions are applied to obtain the solution of the Klein–Gordon equation. • The resonant frequencies are obtained. • The Hawking radiation and the scattering process of scalar waves are examined.
Particle-like structure of Lie algebras
Vinogradov, A. M.
2017-07-01
If a Lie algebra structure 𝔤 on a vector space is the sum of a family of mutually compatible Lie algebra structures 𝔤i's, we say that 𝔤 is simply assembled from the 𝔤i's. Repeating this procedure with a number of Lie algebras, themselves simply assembled from the 𝔤i's, one obtains a Lie algebra assembled in two steps from 𝔤i's, and so on. We describe the process of modular disassembling of a Lie algebra into a unimodular and a non-unimodular part. We then study two inverse questions: which Lie algebras can be assembled from a given family of Lie algebras, and from which Lie algebras can a given Lie algebra be assembled. We develop some basic assembling and disassembling techniques that constitute the elements of a new approach to the general theory of Lie algebras. The main result of our theory is that any finite-dimensional Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero or over R can be assembled in a finite number of steps from two elementary constituents, which we call dyons and triadons. Up to an abelian summand, a dyon is a Lie algebra structure isomorphic to the non-abelian 2-dimensional Lie algebra, while a triadon is isomorphic to the 3-dimensional Heisenberg Lie algebra. As an example, we describe constructions of classical Lie algebras from triadons.
Schwinger type processes via branes and their gravity duals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorsky, A.S.; Saraikin, K.A.; Selivanov, K.G.
2002-01-01
We consider Schwinger type processes involving the creation of the charge and monopole pairs in the external fields and propose interpretation of these processes via corresponding brane configurations in type IIB string theory. We suggest simple description of some new interesting nonperturbative processes like monopole/dyon transitions in the electric field and W-boson decay in the magnetic field using the brane language. Nonperturbative pair production in the strong coupling regime using the AdS/CFT correspondence is studied. The treatment of the similar processes in the noncommutative theories when noncommutativity is traded for the background fields is presented and the possible role of the critical magnetic field which is S-dual to the critical electric field is discussed
Imagens do judeu em quatro romances da geração de 1930
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Márcio Henrique Muraca
2014-05-01
Full Text Available O judeu em Suor (1934, de Jorge Amado, Caminho de pedras (1937, de Rachel de Queiroz, Angústia (1936, de Graciliano Ramos, e Os ratos (1935, de Dyonélio Machado, aparece de modo rápido, sobretudo nos dois últimos. Ainda assim, tal representação aponta para conceitos que circundam aquele povo no imaginário brasileiro. Em Amado e Queiroz, o judeu é representado como agitador comunista estrangeiro. Em Ramos e Machado, como negociante capitalista. Porém, conforme a complexidade de cada obra, esse judeu apresenta também matizes em sua representação que vão além da mera redução do estereótipo.
Deconfinement at the Argyres-Douglas point in SU(2) gauge theory with broken N=2 supersymmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorsky, A.; Vainshtein, A.; Yung, A.
2000-01-01
We consider chiral condensates in SU(2) gauge theory with broken N=2 supersymmetry. The matter sector contains an adjoint multiplet and one fundamental flavor. Matter and gaugino condensates are determined by integrating out the adjoint field. The only nonperturbative input is the Affleck-Dine-Seiberg (ADS) superpotential generated by one instanton plus the Konishi anomaly. These results are consistent with those obtained by the 'integrating in' procedure, including a reproduction of the Seiberg-Witten curve from the ADS superpotential. We then calculate monopole, dyon, and charge condensates using the Seiberg-Witten approach. We show that the monopole and charge condensates vanish at the Argyres-Douglas point where the monopole and charge vacua collide. We interpret this phenomenon as a deconfinement of electric and magnetic charges at the Argyres-Douglas point
Dual symmetry in Born-Infeld theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Khademi, S; Ayoubi, A
2008-01-01
Born-Infeld theory is a non-linear formalism which has many applications in string and electromagnetic theories. Although, the existence of magnetic monopoles and dyons are suggested by Born-Infeld theory, but this theory is not invariant under the dual transformations. In this theory electric fields for point charged particles are not singular at origin (r = 0), but magnetic fields and vector potentials are still singular. In this paper we show that the vanishing of dual symmetry is responsible for these singularities. Furthermore, we present the dual symmetric Born-Infeld theory, by a symmetric definition of electromagnetic fields in terms of new scalar and vector potentials, as well as the ordinary ones. All singularities of vector potential and magnetic field are removed as an immediate consequence of this symmetry.
Dirac's Dream - the Search for the Magnetic Monopole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pinfold, James L.
2010-01-01
I first quickly summarize the history of the Magnetic Monopole leading to the quantum theory of magnetic charge that started with a 1931 paper by Paul Dirac who showed that the existence of magnetic monopoles was consistent with Maxwell's equations only if electric charges are quantized. Next I will briefly review the status of monopole searches. Last, but not least I discuss in more detail the MoEDAL experiment--the latest accelerator experiment designed to search for direct production of magnetic monopoles or dyons (particles with electric and magnetic charge) and other highly ionizing particles - such as heavy (pseudo-) stable particles with conventional electric charge - at the LHC. The MoEDAL experiment employs nuclear track-etch detectors deployed in the VELO vertex region of the LHCb experiment.
Dedicated Trigger for Highly Ionising Particles at ATLAS
Katre, Akshay; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
In 2012, a novel strategy was designed to detect signatures of Highly Ionising Particles (HIPs) such as magnetic monopoles, dyons or Q-balls with ATLAS. A dedicated trigger was developed and deployed for proton-proton collisions at a centre of mass energy of 8 TeV. It uses the Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) system, applying an algorithm distinct from standard tracking ones. The high threshold (HT) readout capability of the TRT is used to distinguish HIPs from other background processes. The trigger requires significantly lower energy depositions in the electromagnetic calorimeters and is thereby capable of probing a larger range of HIP masses and charges. A description of the algorithm for this newly developed trigger is presented, along with a comparitive study of its performance during the 2012 data-taking period with respect to previous efforts.
Salty popcorn in a homogeneous low-dimensional toy model of holographic QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Elliot-Ripley, Matthew
2017-01-01
Recently, a homogeneous ansatz has been used to study cold dense nuclear matter in the Sakai–Sugimoto model of holographic QCD. To justify this homogeneous approximation we here investigate a homogeneous ansatz within a low-dimensional toy version of Sakai–Sugimoto to study finite baryon density configurations and compare it to full numerical solutions. We find the ansatz corresponds to enforcing a dyon salt arrangement in which the soliton solutions are split into half-soliton layers. Within this ansatz we find analogues of the proposed baryonic popcorn transitions, in which solutions split into multiple layers in the holographic direction. The homogeneous results are found to qualitatively match the full numerical solutions, lending confidence to the homogeneous approximations of the full Sakai–Sugimoto model. In addition, we find exact compact solutions in the high density, flat space limit which demonstrate the existence of further popcorn transitions to three layers and beyond. (paper)
Fundamental aspects of quantum theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorini, V.; Frigerio, A.
1986-01-01
This book presents information on the following topics: general problems and crucial experiments; the classical behavior of measuring instruments; quantum interference effect for two atoms radiating a single photon; quantization and stochastic processes; quantum Markov processes driven by Bose noise; chaotic behavior in quantum mechanics; quantum ergodicity and chaos; microscopic and macroscopic levels of description; fundamental properties of the ground state of atoms and molecules; n-level systems interacting with Bosons - semiclassical limits; general aspects of gauge theories; adiabatic phase shifts for neutrons and photons; the spins of cyons and dyons; round-table discussion the the Aharonov-Bohm effect; gravity in quantum mechanics; the gravitational phase transition; anomalies and their cancellation; a new gauge without any ghost for Yang-Mills Theory; and energy density and roughening in the 3-D Ising ferromagnet
The Theory of High Energy Collision Processes - Final Report DOE/ER/40158-1
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wu, Tai, T.
2011-09-15
In 1984, DOE awarded Harvard University a new Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 to continue their support of Tai Tsun Wu as Principal Investigator of research on the theory of high energy collision processes. This Grant was renewed and remained active continuously from June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Topics of interest during the 23-year duration of this Grant include: the theory and phenomenology of collision and production processes at ever higher energies; helicity methods of QED and QCD; neutrino oscillations and masses; Yang-Mills gauge theory; Beamstrahlung; Fermi pseudopotentials; magnetic monopoles and dyons; cosmology; classical confinement; mass relations; Bose-Einstein condensation; and large-momentum-transfer scattering processes. This Final Report describes the research carried out on Grant DE-FG02-84ER40158 for the period June 1, 1984 through November 30, 2007. Two books resulted from this project and a total of 125 publications.
Spinor monopole harmonics and the Pauli spin equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pereira, J.G.; Ferreira, P.L.
1982-01-01
In the framework of Wu and Yang theory of U(1) magnetic monopoles, two problems are revisited: (i) the binding of spin-0 monopole to a spin-1/2 particle possessing an arbitrary magnetic dipole moment, and (ii) the energy levels and properties of the electron-dyon system. In both problems, the spin-1/2 particle is assumed to obey the Pauli spin equation. Spin-orbit and other higher order terms are treated as a perturbation, in connection with the second mentioned problem. Wu and Yang's spinor monopole harmonics allow an elegant and simplified treatment of those problems. The results obtained are in good agreement with those obtained in older papers. (Author) [pt
Seiberg-Witten and 'Polyakov-like' Magnetic Bion Confinements are Continuously Connected
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Poppitz, Erich; /Toronto U.; Unsal, Mithat; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2012-06-01
We study four-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric pure-gauge (Seiberg-Witten) theory and its N = 1 mass perturbation by using compactification on S{sup 1} x R{sup 3}. It is well known that on R{sup 4} (or at large S{sup 1} size L) the perturbed theory realizes confinement through monopole or dyon condensation. At small S{sup 1}, we demonstrate that confinement is induced by a generalization of Polyakov's three-dimensional instanton mechanism to a locally four-dimensional theory - the magnetic bion mechanism - which also applies to a large class of nonsupersymmetric theories. Using a large- vs. small-L Poisson duality, we show that the two mechanisms of confinement, previously thought to be distinct, are in fact continuously connected.
Dynamics of a magnetic monopole in matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fayolle, David
1999-07-01
We study the dynamics of a slow (v/c ∼ 10 -4 ) Dirac magnetic monopole in matter. First, we show at macroscopic scale that the force exerted on a monopole is F vector = g(H vector - v vector x D vector), as if the monopole was not allowed to cross neither microscopic current loops nor microscopic electric dipoles. We interpret this result in terms of adiabatic monopole-atom interactions. Secondly, we generalized the macroscopic Maxwell's equations in 'dual symmetric' matter which contains monopoles and dyons, from which we deduce several properties such as the velocity of light, the behaviour under C, P and T transformation, and we generalize the energy-momentum tensor. These equations also apply when nucleons or electrons possess an electric dipole moment and we propose two experimental methods for detecting this electric dipole moment via its macroscopic polarization effects. (author)
2002-01-01
The experiment is designed to search for highly ionizing particles such as the monopole and the dyon. On the assumption that monopole-antimonopole pairs are produced via a virtual photon intermediate state, and have a mass in the range 0-100~GeV, a direct search for Dirac monopoles using e$^+$e$^-$ annihilation carries a distinct cross-sectional advantage over a search using hadron colliders.\\\\ \\\\ The MODAL detector is formed from Lexan/CR-39 dielectric track detector modules arranged in a polyhedral configuration outside of the vacuum pipe and around the intersection region, as shown on the opposite page. Etchable track detectors are more sensitive to particles at normal incidence, the shape of the detector was chosen with this fact in mind to allow for maximum acceptance of monopoles which leave the beam pipe. These dielectric track detectors will enable us to detect particles with magnetic charge: 20e$<$g$ _{d}
Strong coupling effects in non-commutative spaces from OM theory and supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Russo, J.G.; Sheikh-Jabbari, M.M.
2000-11-01
We show that a four-parameter class of 3+1 dimensional NCOS theories can be obtained by dimensional reduction on a general 2-torus from OM theory. Compactifying two spatial directions of NCOS theory on a 2-torus, we study the transformation properties under the SO(2,2; Z) T-duality group. We then discuss non-perturbative configurations of non-commutative super Yang-Mills theory. In particular, we calculate the tension for magnetic monopoles and (p,q) dyons and exhibit their six-dimensional origin, and construct a supergravity solution representing an instanton in the gauge theory. We also compute the potential for a monopole-antimonopole in the supergravity approximation. (author)
Theoretical high energy physics. Progress report, May 1, 1985-April 30, 1986
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, T.D.
1986-05-01
Activities are reported in these areas: lattice QCD numerical studies; U(1)-vector current in the presence of arbitrary left and right chiral gauge fields and an arbitrary Higgs field; spectrum degeneracy of non-relativistic spin 1/2 particles in the field of a dyon; multiloop amplitudes of the closed bosonic and fermionic Polyakov strings in their critical dimensions; second order Coulomb scattering of an electron by a system with near degeneracy between states of opposite parity; production and annihilation of heavy neutrinos in the early universe; the effect of retardation on the energy levels of Rydberg helium atoms; Hawking radiation from black holes; the Eden model of cluster growth; the quantum Hall effect. 68 refs
Electroweak monopoles and the electroweak phase transition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arunasalam, Suntharan; Kobakhidze, Archil [The University of Sydney, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Sydney, NSW (Australia)
2017-07-15
We consider an isolated electroweak monopole solution within the Standard Model with a nonlinear Born-Infeld extension of the hypercharge gauge field. Monopole (and dyon) solutions in such an extension are regular and their masses are predicted to be proportional to the Born-Infeld mass parameter. We argue that cosmological production of electroweak monopoles may delay the electroweak phase transition and make it more strongly first order for monopole masses M >or similar 9.3 . 10{sup 3} TeV, while the nucleosynthesis constraints on the abundance of relic monopoles impose the bound M
Non-Abelian duality and confinement in N=2 supersymmetric QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shifman, M.; Yung, A.
2009-01-01
In N=2 supersymmetric QCD with the U(N) gauge group and N f >N we study the crossover transition from the weak coupling regime at large ξ to strong coupling at small ξ, where ξ is the Fayet-Iliopoulos parameter. We find that at strong coupling a dual non-Abelian weakly coupled N=2 theory exists, which describes low-energy physics at small ξ. The dual gauge group is U(N f -N), and the dual theory has N f flavors of light dyons, to be compared with N f quarks in the originalU(N) theory. Both, the original and dual theories are Higgsed and share the same global symmetry SU(N)xSU(N f -N)xU(1), albeit the physical meaning of the SU(N) and SU(N f -N) factors is different in the large- and small-ξ regimes. Both regimes support non-Abelian semilocal strings. In each of these two regimes particles that are in the adjoint representations with respect to one of the factor groups exist in two varieties: elementary fields and composite states bound by strings. These varieties interchange upon transition from one regime to the other. We conjecture that the composite stringy states can be related to Seiberg's M fields. The bulk duality that we observed translates into a two-dimensional duality on the world sheet of the non-Abelian strings. At large ξ the internal dynamics of the semilocal non-Abelian strings is described by the sigma model of N orientational and (N f -N) size moduli, while at small ξ the roles of orientational and size moduli interchange. The Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield spectra of two dual sigma models (describing confined monopoles/dyons of the bulk theory) coincide. It would be interesting to trace parallels between the non-Abelian duality we found and string theory constructions.
Arithmetic of quantum entropy function
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sen, Ashoke
2009-01-01
Quantum entropy function is a proposal for computing the entropy associated with the horizon of a black hole in the extremal limit, and is related via AdS/CFT correspondence to the dimension of the Hilbert space in a dual quantum mechanics. We show that in N = 4 supersymmetric string theories, quantum entropy function formalism naturally explains the origin of the subtle differences between the microscopic degeneracies of quarter BPS dyons carrying different torsion, i.e. different arithmetical properties. These arise from additional saddle points in the path integral - whose existence depends on the arithmetical properties of the black hole charges - constructed as freely acting orbifolds of the original AdS 2 x S 2 near horizon geometry. During this analysis we demonstrate that the quantum entropy function is insensitive to the details of the infrared cutoff used in the computation, and the details of the boundary terms added to the action. We also discuss the role of the asymptotic symmetries of AdS 2 in carrying out the path integral in the definition of quantum entropy function. Finally we show that even though quantum entropy function is expected to compute the absolute degeneracy in a given charge and angular momentum sector, it can also be used to compute the index. This can then be compared with the microscopic computation of the index.
Teens join the MoEDAL collaboration
Stephanie Hills
2013-01-01
The principal investigator for any institute joining an experimental collaboration is generally a self-assured researcher with evident leadership skills and an in-depth knowledge of their subject gained over many years. Katherine Evans fits the brief in every respect, except that she is 17 years old and her research institute is the Langton Star Centre, based at the Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys. The school has just joined the MoEDAL experiment. Teacher Becky Parker (left) with two students from the Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys in the MoEDAL experimental area. MoEDAL, the latest LHC experiment has detectors located close to the interaction point of the LHCb experiment. This new experiment is designed to search for the highly ionizing avatars of new physics at the LHC, specifically the magnetic monopole or dyon and other highly ionizing stable massive particles from a number of beyond-the-Standard-Model scenarios. MoEDAL was approved in 2010 and is due to start taking data i...
Higher-n triangular dilatonic black holes
Zadora, Anton; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Chen, Chiang-Mei
2018-04-01
Dilaton gravity with the form fields is known to possess dyon solutions with two horizons for the discrete "triangular" values of the dilaton coupling constant a =√{ n (n + 1) / 2 }. This sequence first obtained numerically and then explained analytically as consequence of the regularity of the dilaton, should have some higher-dimensional and/or group theoretical origin. Meanwhile, this origin was explained earlier only for n = 1 , 2 in which cases the solutions were known analytically. We extend this explanation to n = 3 , 5 presenting analytical triangular solutions for the theory with different dilaton couplings a , b in electric and magnetic sectors in which case the quantization condition reads ab = n (n + 1) / 2. The solutions are derived via the Toda chains for B2 and G2 Lie algebras. They are found in the closed form in general D space-time dimensions. Solutions satisfy the entropy product rules indicating on the microscopic origin of their entropy and have negative binding energy in the extremal case.
The large N limit of N=2 super Yang-Mills, fractional instantons and infrared divergences
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferrari, Frank
2001-01-01
We investigate the large N limit of pure N=2 supersymmetric gauge theory with gauge group SU(N) by using the exact low energy effective action. Typical one-complex dimensional sections of the moduli space parametrized by a global complex mass scale v display three qualitatively different regions depending on the ratio between vertical bar v vertical bar and the dynamically generated scale Λ. At large vertical bar v vertical bar/Λ, instantons are exponentially suppressed as N→∞. When vertical bar v vertical bar ∼Λ, singularities due to massless dyons occur. They are densely distributed in rings of calculable thicknesses in the v-plane. At small vertical bar v vertical bar/Λ, instantons disintegrate into fractional instantons of charge 1/(2N). These fractional instantons give non-trivial contributions to all orders of 1/N, unlike a planar diagrams expansion which generates a series in 1/N 2 , implying the presence of open strings. We have explicitly calculated the fractional instantons series in two representative examples, including the 1/N and 1/N 2 corrections. Our most interesting finding is that the 1/N expansion breaks down at singularities on the moduli space due to severe infrared divergencies, a fact that has remarkable consequences
Dynamical black holes in low-energy string theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aniceto, Pedro [Departamento de Matemática, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa,Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049 Lisboa (Portugal); Rocha, Jorge V. [Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB),Universitat de Barcelona,Martí i Franquès 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)
2017-05-08
We investigate time-dependent spherically symmetric solutions of the four-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-axion-dilaton system, with the dilaton coupling that occurs in low-energy effective heterotic string theory. A class of dilaton-electrovacuum radiating solutions with a trivial axion, previously found by Güven and Yörük, is re-derived in a simpler manner and its causal structure is clarified. It is shown that such dynamical spacetimes featuring apparent horizons do not possess a regular light-like past null infinity or future null infinity, depending on whether they are radiating or accreting. These solutions are then extended in two ways. First we consider a Vaidya-like generalisation, which introduces a null dust source. Such spacetimes are used to test the status of cosmic censorship in the context of low-energy string theory. We prove that — within this family of solutions — regular black holes cannot evolve into naked singularities by accreting null dust, unless standard energy conditions are violated. Secondly, we employ S-duality to derive new time-dependent dyon solutions with a nontrivial axion turned on. Although they share the same causal structure as their Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton counterparts, these solutions possess both electric and magnetic charges.
Marginal stability and the metamorphosis of Bogomol'nyi-Prasad- Sommerfield states
Ritz, A; Vainshtein, A I; Voloshin, M B
2001-01-01
We discuss the restructuring of the BPS spectrum which occurs on certain submanifolds of the moduli or parameter space-the curves of the marginal stability (CMS)-using quasiclassical methods. We argue that in general a "composite" BPS soliton swells in coordinate space as one approaches the CMS and that, as a bound state of two "primary" solitons, its dynamics in this region is determined by nonrelativistic supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Near the CMS the bound state has a wave function which is highly spread out. Precisely on the CMS the bound state level reaches the continuum, the composite state delocalizes in coordinate space, and restructuring of the spectrum can occur. We present a detailed analysis of this behavior in a two-dimensional N=2 Wess-Zumino model with two chiral fields, and then discuss how it arises in the context of "composite" dyons near weak coupling CMS curves in N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. We also consider cases where some states become massless on the CMS. (42 refs).
Renormalizable massive charged vector-boson theory without spontaneous symmetry breakdown
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mac, E.
1977-01-01
A renormalizable and unitary theory of massive charged vector bosons is proposed. This theory has a similarity with the Georgi-Glashow theory, the difference being that in the former the Lagrangian does not contain the potential term in the scalar fields necessary in theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking. The mass M > 0 of the charged vector bosons are introduced in the Lagrangian in such a way that the Lagrangian is still invariant under a ''distorted'' local gauge symmetry. This Lagrangian is studied in the generalized renormalizable gauge (gauge R /sub xi/), by means of the Lagrange multiplier formalism. In this way, the fictitious Lagrangian that restores unitarity to the theory can be constructed. The fictitious Lagrangian constructed using the Lagrange multiplier formalism is compared to the one obtained due to the variation of the gauge condition under the gauge transformations. The renormalizability of this theory is studied and the Ward-Takahaski identities are derived; these identities are checked by explicit calculations. Using the Becchi-Rouet-Stora transformation, one can obtain the equation satisfied by the renormalized Lagrangian; solving this equation the most general form of the renormalized Lagrangian is obtained. Also the classical solutions of this kind of theories are studied. Solutions are found suggesting the presence of dyons
Dedicated Trigger for Highly Ionising Particles at ATLAS
Katre, Akshay; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
In 2012, a novel strategy was designed to detect signatures of Highly Ionising Particles (HIPs) such as magnetic monopoles, dyons or Qballs with the ATLAS trigger system. With proton-proton collisions at a centre of mass enegy of 8 TeV, the trigger was designed to have unique properties as a tracker for HIPs. It uses only the Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) system, applying an algorithm distinct from standard tracking ones. The unique high threshold readout capability of the TRT is used at the location where HIPs in the detector are looked for. In particular the number and the fraction of TRT high threshold hits is used to distinguish HIPs from background processes. The trigger requires significantly lower energy depositions in the electro-magnetic calorimeters as a seed unlike previously used trigger algorithms for such searches. Thus the new trigger is capable of probing a large range of HIP masses and charges. We will give a description of the algorithms for this newly developed trigger for HIP searches...
Angular momentum, g-value, and magnetic flux of gyration states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arunasalam, V.
1991-10-01
Two of the world's leading (Nobel laureate) physicists disagree on the definition of the orbital angular momentum L of the Landau gyration states of a spinless charged particle in a uniform external magnetic field B = B i Z . According to Richard P. Feynman (and also Frank Wilczek) L = (rxμv) = rx(p - qA/c), while Felix Bloch (and also Kerson Huang) defines it as L = rxp. We show here that Bloch's definition is the correct one since it satisfies the necessary and sufficient condition LxL = iℎ L, while Feynman's definition does not. However, as a consequence of the quantized Aharonov-Bohm magnetic flux, this canonical orbital angular momentum (surprisingly enough) takes half-odd-integral values with a zero-point gyration states of L Z = ℎ/2. Further, since the diamagnetic and the paramagnetic contributions to the magnetic moment are interdependent, the g-value of these gyration states is two and not one, again a surprising result for a spinless case. The differences between the gauge invariance in classical and quantum mechanics, Onsager's suggestion that the flux quantization might be an intrinsic property of the electromagnetic field-charged particle interaction, the possibility that the experimentally measured fundamental unit of the flux quantum need not necessarily imply the existence of ''electron pairing'' of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductivity theory, and the relationship to the Dirac's angular momentum quantization condition for the magnetic monopole-charged particle composites (i.e. Schwinger's dyons), are also briefly examined from a pedestrian viewpoint
Spotlight on quantum black holes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
1995-01-01
, supersymmetry 'froze' out and became almost invisible. In the late 1970s, Klaus Montonen and David Olive pointed out that if magnetic monopoles are included in a supersymmetric quantum picture, the electric and magnetic sectors are in some respects mutually complementary. Magnetic charges provide additional calculational leverage, sidestepping the traditional problem of having to solve the equations of the theory through sometimes unsatisfactory approximations. Subsequently, the ideas were enlarged to include 'dyons' - particles having both electric and magnetic charges, providing a much richer scenario
2014-02-01
On 5 - 6 June 2013, an extended session of the all-institute seminar was held at the Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics' (ITEP). It was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the founder of the Theory Department of ITEP. The announced agenda of the session on the ITEP website http://www.itep.ru/rus/Pomeranchuk100.html contained the following reports: (1) Gershtein S S (SRC 'Institute for High Energy Physics', Protvino, Moscow region) "I Ya Pomeranchuk and the large accelerator";(2) Keldysh L V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS (FIAN), Moscow) "Dynamic tunneling";(3) Vaks V G (National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (NRC KI), Moscow) "Brief reminiscences";(4) Smilga A V (Laboratoire Physique Subatomique et des technologies associées, Université de Nantes, France) "Vacuum structure in 3D supersymmetric gauge theories";(5) Khriplovich I B (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Gravitational four-fermion interaction and early Universe dynamics";(6) Dremin I M (FIAN, Moscow) "Elastic scattering of hadrons";(7) Belavin A A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Correlators in minimal string models";(8) Voloshin M B (Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, USA) "Exotic quarkonium";(9) Nekrasov N A (Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHES), France) "BPS/CFT correspondence";(10) Zarembo K (Uppsala Universitet, Sweden) "Exact results in supersymmetric theories and AdS/CFT correspondence";(11) Gorsky A S (ITEP, Moscow) "Baryon as a dyon instanton";(12) Blinnikov S I (ITEP, Moscow) "Mirror substance and other models for dark matter";(13) Rubakov V A (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Test-tube Universe";(14) Kancheli O V (ITEP, Moscow) "50 years of reggistics";(15) Shevchenko V I (NRC KI) "In search of the chiral magnetic effect";(16) Kirilin V P (ITEP, Moscow) "Anomalies and
. Saturation effects in diffractive scattering at LHC By Oleg Selugin. A nonperturbative expansion method in QCD and R-related quantities By Igor Solovtsov. Z-scaling and high multiplicity particle Production in bar pp/pp & AA collisions at Tevatron and RHIC By Mikhail Tokarev. Scaling behaviour of the reactionsdd - > p↑ /3H and pd - > pd with pT at energy I-2 GeV By Yuri Uzikov. [ADS Note: Title formula can not be rendered correctly in ASCII.] CP violation, rare decays, CKM: Precision Measurements of the Mass of the Top Quark at CDF (Precision Top Mass Measurements at CDF) By Daniel Whiteson. Measurement of the Bs Oscillation at CDF By Luciano Ristori. The Bs mixing phase at LHCb By J. J. van Hunen. ATLAS preparations for precise measurements of semileptonic rare B decays By K. Toms. Hadron spectroscopy & exotics: Searches for radial excited states of charmonium in experiments using cooled antiproton beams By M. Yu. Barabanov. Retardation effects in the rotating string model By Fabien Buisseret and Claude Semay. Final results from VEPP-2M (CMD-2 and SND) By G. V. Fedotovich. Heavy Quark Physics: Prospects for B physics measurements using the CMS detector at the LHC By Andreev Valery. Heavy flavour production at HERA-B By Andrey Bogatyrev. B-Meson subleading form factors in the Heavy Quark Effective Theory (HQET) By Frederic Jugeau. Beyond the Standard Model: Monopole Decay in a Variable External Field By Andrey Zayakin. Two-Loop matching coefficients for the strong coupling in the MSSM By Mihaila Luminita. Test of lepton flavour violation at LHC By Hidaka Keisho. Looking at New Physics through 4 jets and no ET By Maity Manas. Are Preons Dyons? Naturalness of Three Generations By Das Chitta Ranjan. SUSY Dark Matter at Linear Collider By Sezen Sekmen, Mehmet Zeyrek. MSSM light Higgs boson scenario and its test at hadron colliders By Alexander Belyaev. Antiscalar Approach to Gravity and Standard Model By E. Mychelkin. GRID distributed analysis in high energy physics: PAX