WorldWideScience

Sample records for dukovany v-2 reactor

  1. Retrospective Dosimetry of Vver 440 Reactor Pressure Vessel at the 3RD Unit of Dukovany Npp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marek, M.; Viererbl, L.; Sus, F.; Klupak, V.; Rataj, J.; Hogel, J.

    2009-08-01

    Reactor pressure vessel (RPV) residual lifetime of the Czech VVER-440 is currently monitored under Surveillance Specimens Programs (SSP) focused on reactor pressure vessel materials. Neutron fluence in the samples and its distribution in the RPV are determined by a combination of calculation results and the experimental data coming from the reactor dosimetry measurements both in the specimen containers and in the reactor cavity. The direct experimental assessment of the neutron flux density incident onto RPV and neutron fluence for the entire period of nuclear power plant unit operation can be based on the evaluation of the samples taken from the inner RPV cladding. The Retrospective Dosimetry was also used at Dukovany NPP at its 3rd unit after the 18th cycle. The paper describes methodology, experimental setup for sample extraction, measurement of activities, and the determination of the neutron flux and fluence averaged over the samples.

  2. Experiences with electronic personal dosimeters at Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant-Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jurochova, Bozena; Zelenka, Zdenik [Personal Dosimetry Department NPP Dukovany (Czech Republic)

    2004-07-01

    The Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant operates four WWER-440 type reactors. Unit 1 has been operating since 1985, Unit 2 and Unit 3 since 1986, Unit 4 was connected to the grid in 1987. At Dukovany NPP occupational dosimetry is performed by approved Personal Dosimetry Service. The basic facilities for measuring external exposure are film badge (legal dosimeter), electronic personal dosimeter (EPD) and radio-photoluminescent dosimeter (RPL) as operational dosimeter, TLD for measuring doses to the extremities and TLD albedo dosimeter as neutron dosimeter. The presentation is based on the experiences with electronic personal dosimeters gathered at Dukovany NPP for the last three years. Electronic Personal Dosimetry System (EPDS) was developing by Czech company VF, a.s. and from 2002 year is also used at Temelin NPP (Czech Republic), SE VYZ Bohunice (Slovakia) and SE Mochovce NPP (Slovakia) as well. EPDS is designed for Merlin Gerin, Siemens and RADOS electronic dosimeters. Application SW for data analysis is used for daily monitoring of personal doses and for evaluation of collective doses during outages. System gives information about collective doses on devices and collective doses for select work tasks during outages. In addition EPDS allows the calculation of dose indexes I{sub D}. (I{sub D} is the ratio of the relevant collective dose and the number of equivalent working hours). This information is applicable for planning doses on special working activities for next outages and allows a detection radiation sources also.

  3. ASTEC V2.0 reactor applications on French PWR 900 MWe accident sequences and comparison with MAAP4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lombard, Virginie; Azarian, Garo; Ducousso, Erik; Gandrille, Pascal, E-mail: pascal.gandrille@areva.com

    2014-06-01

    In the frame of the SARNET Severe Accident Network of Excellence an important task of partners is the assessment of the ASTEC integral code, considered today as the European reference code for evaluation of the source term. A code-to-code comparison between ASTEC V2.0 rev1 and MAAP 4.0.7 code versions has been performed by AREVA NP SAS on a French PWR 900 MWe. Two transients have been analyzed, focussing on in-vessel phenomena: total loss of feedwater (H2 sequence in the French nomenclature) and total loss of onsite and offsite power (H3 sequence). The detailed analysis shows an overall good agreement between both code results on thermal-hydraulics, hydrogen production and core degradation phenomena.

  4. Chemical mode in secondary circuit of the Dukovany NPP units after TG condensers replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopriva, M.; Shejbal, J.; Petrecky, I. [Dukovany NPP (Czech Republic)

    2002-07-01

    The increase of the pH of SG feedwater on the 1. unit of Dukovany NPP led to enhancement of chemical mode of secondary circuit, what was identified in particular by the following: Reduction of concentration of iron in SG feedwater, Reduction of concentration of Sodium and Sulfates in SG blowdown water. This reduction is caused by shutdown of CPS thus by elimination of release of Na ions and SO{sub 4} from wrong operated ion-exchangers and their subsequent regeneration (part of cation exchanger in Na form and part of anion exchanger in SO{sub 4} form). Reduction of the WANO SG chemical index to the minimum theoretical value. It will be necessary to change criteria characterizing this index or to introduce our own modified index. In relation to CPS shutdown the costs for operating chemicals and for demineralized flushing water were reduced. (authors)

  5. Solidification of spent ion exchange resins into the SIAL matrix at the Dukovany NPP, Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatransky, Peter; Prazska, Milena; Harvan, David [AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, Trnava, Slovak Republic, 917 01 (Slovakia)

    2013-07-01

    Based on the decision of the State Office for Nuclear Safety, the Dukovany NPP has been obliged to secure the efficient capacities for the disposal of spent ion exchange resins. Therefore, in September 2010, based on the contract with supplier company AMEC Nuclear Slovakia s.r.o. has begun with pumping and treatment of ion exchange resins from the storage tank 0TW30B02, situated in the auxiliary building. The SIAL{sup R} technology, developed in AMEC Nuclear Slovakia, has been used for the solidification purposes. This technology allows an on-site treatment of various special radioactive waste streams (resins, sludge, sludge/resins and borates) at the room temperature. The SIAL{sup R} matrix and technology were licensed by the Czech State Office for Nuclear Safety in 2007. On-site treatment and solidification of spent ion exchange resins at Dukovany NPP involves process of resin removal from tank using remotely operated manipulator, resin transportation, resin separation from free water, resin filling into 200 dm{sup 3} drums and solidification into SIAL{sup R} matrix in 200 dm{sup 3} drums using the FIZA S 200 facility. The final product is observed for compressive strength, leachability, radionuclide composition, dose rate, solids and total weight. After meeting the requirements for final disposal and consolidation, the drums are being transported for the final disposal to the Repository at Dukovany site. During the 3 month's trial operation in 2010, and the normal operation in 2011 and 2012, 189 tons of dewatered resins have been treated into 1960 drums, with total activity higher than 920 GBq. At the end of trial run (2010), 22 tons of dewatered resins were treated into 235 drums. During standard operation approximately 91 tons in 960 drums (2011) and 76 tons in 765 drums (2012) were treated. The weights of resins in the drum ware in the range from 89 - 106 kg and compressive strength limit (10 MPa) has already been achieved 24 hours after fixation. The

  6. Rolls-Royce successful modernization of safety-critical Instrumentation and Control (I and C) equipment at the Dukovany VVER 440/213 Nuclear Power Plant, based on SPINLINE 3 platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rebreyend, P.; Burel, J.P. [Rolls-Royce Civil Nuclear SAS (France); Spoc, J. [Skoda JS (Czech republic); Karasek, A. [CEZ a.s.(Czech republic)

    2010-07-01

    Rolls-Royce has provided on-time delivery of a substantial safety-critical I and C overhaul for four Nuclear reactors operated by Czech Republic utility, CEZ a.s. This nine-year project is considered to be one of the largest I and C modernization projects in the world. The Dukovany VVER 440 I and C modernization project and its key success factors are profiled in this paper. The project is in the final stages with the last unit to be completed in 2009. Beginning in September 2000, the project is in compliance with the initial schedule. Rolls-Royce has been designing and manufacturing I and C solutions dedicated to the implementation of safety and safety-related functions in nuclear power plants (NPPs) for more than 30 years. Though the early solutions were non-software-based, since 1984 software-based solutions for safety I and C functions have been deployed in operating NPPs across France and 15 other countries. The Rolls-Royce platform is suitable for implementation of safety I and C functions in new NPPs, as well as in the modernization of safety equipment in existing plants. CEZ a.s. is a major electricity supplier for the national grid. At Dukovany, CEZ a.s. operates four units of VVER-440/213-type reactors producing one quarter of CEZ a.s. electricity production. The first of these units was connected to the grid in 1985. Since the year 2000, the nine-year modernization program has been underway at Dukovany, at a cost of more than 200 million Euros. The equipment replacement was implemented during regular, planned outages of the original equipment and systems. After an international bidding phase, CEZ a.s. awarded a contract to Skoda JS for general engineering and project management. Individual subcontracts were then signed between Skoda JS and a consortium between Rolls-Royce and Areva for modernization of the safety systems, including the Reactor Protection System (RPS), the Reactor Control System (RCS), and the Post-Accident Monitoring System (PAMS). Two

  7. SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION (SCR OF NO BY AMMONIA OVER V2O5/TiO2 CATALYST IN A CATALYTIC FILTER MEDIUM AND HONEYCOMB REACTOR: A KINETIC MODELING STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nahavandi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study addresses a numerical modeling and simulation based on the available knowledge of SCR kinetics for prediction of NO conversion over a V2O3/TiO3 catalyst through a catalytic filter medium and honeycomb reactor. After introducing the NH3-SCR system with specific operational criteria, a reactor model was developed to evaluate the effect of various operating parameters such as flue gas temperature, velocity, NH3/NO molar ratio, etc., on the SCR process. Computational investigations were performed based on the proposed model and optimum operational conditions were identified. Simulation results indicate that SCR performance is substantially under the effects of reactant concentration and operating temperature, so that the concentration of unreacted ammonia emitted from reactor discharge (ammonia slip increases significantly at NH3/NO ratios of more than 1.14 and operating temperatures less than 360 ºC and 300 ºC, respectively, in the catalytic filter medium and honeycomb reactor. The results also show that there are three sections in NO conversion variation versus changing temperature and the required conversion with a maximum of almost 87% and low level of ammonia slip can be achieved at the NH3/NO ratio of 1 and temperature range of 240–360 ºC in both reactors.

  8. Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

    1988-01-01

    This standard applies to the following types of reactors: shunt reactors, current-limiting reactors including neutral-earthing reactors, damping reactors, tuning (filter) reactors, earthing transformers (neutral couplers), arc-suppression reactors, smoothing reactors, with the exception of the following reactors: small reactors with a rating generally less than 2 kvar single-phase and 10 kvar three-phase, reactors for special purposes such as high-frequency line traps or reactors mounted on rolling stock.

  9. Distance matters. Assessing socioeconomic impacts of the Dukovany nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic: Local perceptions and statistical evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frantál Bohumil

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The effect of geographical distance on the extent of socioeconomic impacts of the Dukovany nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic is assessed by combining two different research approaches. First, we survey how people living in municipalities in the vicinity of the power plant perceive impacts on their personal quality of life. Second, we explore the effects of the power plant on regional development by analysing long-term statistical data about the unemployment rate, the share of workers in the energy sector and overall job opportunities in the respective municipalities. The results indicate that the power plant has had significant positive impacts on surrounding communities both as perceived by residents and as evidenced by the statistical data. The level of impacts is, however, significantly influenced by the spatial and social distances of communities and individuals from the power plant. The perception of positive impacts correlates with geographical proximity to the power plant, while the hypothetical distance where positive effects on the quality of life are no longer perceived was estimated at about 15 km. Positive effects are also more likely to be reported by highly educated, young and middle-aged and economically active persons, whose work is connected to the power plant.

  10. Direct Encapsulation of Spent Ion-exchange Resins at the Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant, Czech Republic - 12367

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fletcher, Paul [AMEC Nuclear UK, Knutsford (United Kingdom); Rima, Steve [AMEC USA (United States)

    2012-07-01

    At the Dukovany Nuclear Power Plant there are large amounts of spent ion exchange resins contained within storage tanks. These resins are a product of the operation of an Active Water Purification System within the Power Plant. Activity levels of the resins are in the range of 105 to 10{sup 6} Bq/l and the main isotopes present are Co-60, Cs-137, Mn-54 and Ag-110m. In order to maintain storage tank availability throughout the planned lifetime of the Power Plant these resins must be removed and disposed of safely. The storage tanks do not have an effective retrieval route for the resins and the installed agitation system is inoperable. A proven system for retrieving and directly encapsulating these resins to a standard required for the Czech repository is described, together with an overview of operational performance. Experience gained from this and other projects has highlighted some common challenges relating to the treatment of ion-exchange resins and sludges. There are common approaches that can assist in overcoming these challenges. 1. Transport resin / sludge type waste over as short a distance as possible to avoid issues with line plugging. 2. Transport these wastes once and once only wherever possible. 3. Try to keep the treatment process as simple as possible. With sludge or resin handling equipment consider the physical properties foremost - radiological issues can be addressed within any subsequent design. 4. Consider the use of dry-mix technologies. This avoids the requirement for expensive and complicated grouting plant. 5. Avoid the use of make up water for transport purposes if at all possible - it introduces secondary waste that needs to be treated at additional cost. 6. Consider alternative disposal techniques. SIAL{sup R} is AMEC's preferred technology as we developed it and understand it well - additionally the waste loading factors are much higher than for cement. 7. Consider final waste volumes when selecting the disposal technique

  11. Reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Robert M.

    1976-10-05

    1. A neutronic reactor having a moderator, coolant tubes traversing the moderator from an inlet end to an outlet end, bodies of material fissionable by neutrons of thermal energy disposed within the coolant tubes, and means for circulating water through said coolant tubes characterized by the improved construction wherein the coolant tubes are constructed of aluminum having an outer diameter of 1.729 inches and a wall thickness of 0.059 inch, and the means for circulating a liquid coolant through the tubes includes a source of water at a pressure of approximately 350 pounds per square inch connected to the inlet end of the tubes, and said construction including a pressure reducing orifice disposed at the inlet ends of the tubes reducing the pressure of the water by approximately 150 pounds per square inch.

  12. Studium radiačního poškození nádoby reaktoru VVER-440 jaderné elektrárny Dukovany

    OpenAIRE

    ŘÍHA, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá radiačním poškozením reaktorových nádob jaderných reaktorů, konkrétně pak poškozením TNR 3. bloku jaderné elektrárny Dukovany. V obecné rovině práce popisuje mechanismy poškození reaktorových ocelí a formou rešerše uvádí možnosti sledování stavu materiálu a regenerace materiálových vlastností na jaderných elektrárnách po celém světě. Praktická část je zaměřena na interpretaci výsledků analýz provedených pomocí kódu MOBY-DICK. Jádrem těchto analýz je vývoj fluence neu...

  13. Čerpání projektových rezerv jaderného paliva na Elektrárně Dukovany

    OpenAIRE

    Vrábel, Radek

    2015-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce se zabývá zvyšováním výkonu a prodlužováním palivového cyklu v českých jaderných elektrárnách. Pro zlepšení povědomí čtenáře o problematice je na začátku práce uvedena krátká kapitola o jaderných reaktorech a palivovém cyklu. Vývoji palivového cyklu na Elektrárně Dukovany je pak dále věnována celá kapitola. Vývoj jaderného paliva je zde spojen s vývojem palivového cyklu, na kterém jsou viditelné přínosy vylepšování jaderného paliva. This bachelor‘s thesis deals with p...

  14. ASTEC V2 severe accident integral code main features, current V2.0 modelling status, perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatelard, P., E-mail: patrick.chatelard@irsn.fr [Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES, B.250, Cadarache BP3 13115, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, Cedex (France); Reinke, N.; Arndt, S. [Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Schwertnergasse 1, 50677 Köln (Germany); Belon, S.; Cantrel, L.; Carenini, L.; Chevalier-Jabet, K.; Cousin, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES, B.250, Cadarache BP3 13115, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, Cedex (France); Eckel, J. [Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, Schwertnergasse 1, 50677 Köln (Germany); Jacq, F.; Marchetto, C.; Mun, C.; Piar, L. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES, B.250, Cadarache BP3 13115, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, Cedex (France)

    2014-06-01

    The severe accident integral code ASTEC, jointly developed since almost 20 years by IRSN and GRS, simulates the behaviour of a whole nuclear power plant under severe accident conditions, including severe accident management by engineering systems and procedures. Since 2004, the ASTEC code is progressively becoming the reference European severe accident integral code through in particular the intensification of research activities carried out in the frame of the SARNET European network of excellence. The first version of the new series ASTEC V2 was released in 2009 to about 30 organizations worldwide and in particular to SARNET partners. With respect to the previous V1 series, this new V2 series includes advanced core degradation models (issued from the ICARE2 IRSN mechanistic code) and necessary extensions to be applicable to Gen. III reactor designs, notably a description of the core catcher component to simulate severe accidents transients applied to the EPR reactor. Besides these two key-evolutions, most of the other physical modules have also been improved and ASTEC V2 is now coupled to the SUNSET statistical tool to make easier the uncertainty and sensitivity analyses. The ASTEC models are today at the state of the art (in particular fission product models with respect to source term evaluation), except for quenching of a severely damage core. Beyond the need to develop an adequate model for the reflooding of a degraded core, the main other mean-term objectives are to further progress on the on-going extension of the scope of application to BWR and CANDU reactors, to spent fuel pool accidents as well as to accidents in both the ITER Fusion facility and Gen. IV reactors (in priority on sodium-cooled fast reactors) while making ASTEC evolving towards a severe accident simulator constitutes the main long-term objective. This paper presents the status of the ASTEC V2 versions, focussing on the description of V2.0 models for water-cooled nuclear plants.

  15. V2O5 nanofibre sheet actuators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Gang; Schmid, Michael; Chiu, Po-Wen; Minett, Andrew; Fraysse, Jerôme; Kim, Gyu-Tae; Roth, Siegmar; Kozlov, Mikhail; Muñoz, Edgar; Baughman, Ray H.

    2003-05-01

    Vanadium oxides, such as V2O5, are promising for lithium-ion batteries, catalysis, electrochromic devices and sensors. Vanadium oxides were proposed more than a decade ago for another redox-dependent application: the direct conversion of electrical energy to mechanical energy in actuators (artificial muscles). Although related conducting polymer and carbon nanotube actuators have been demonstrated, electromechanical actuators based on vanadium oxides have not be realized. V2O5 nanofibres and nanotubes provide the potential advantages of low-cost synthesis by sol-gel routes and high charging capacity and long cycle life. Here, we demonstrate electromechanical actuation for obtained high modulus V2O5 sheets comprising entangled V2O5 nanofibres. The high surface area of these V2O5 sheets facilitates electrochemical charge injection and intercalation that causes the electromechanical actuation. We show that the V2O5 sheets provide high Young's modulus, high actuator-generated stress, and high actuator stroke at low applied voltage.

  16. Hadoop MapReduce v2 cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Gunarathne, Thilina

    2015-01-01

    If you are a Big Data enthusiast and wish to use Hadoop v2 to solve your problems, then this book is for you. This book is for Java programmers with little to moderate knowledge of Hadoop MapReduce. This is also a one-stop reference for developers and system admins who want to quickly get up to speed with using Hadoop v2. It would be helpful to have a basic knowledge of software development using Java and a basic working knowledge of Linux.

  17. Sensing Traffic Density Combining V2V and V2I Wireless Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanguesa, Julio A; Barrachina, Javier; Fogue, Manuel; Garrido, Piedad; Martinez, Francisco J; Cano, Juan-Carlos; Calafate, Carlos T; Manzoni, Pietro

    2015-12-16

    Wireless technologies are making the development of new applications and services in vehicular environments possible since they enable mobile communication between vehicles (V2V), as well as communication between vehicles and infrastructure nodes (V2I). Usually, V2V communications are dedicated to the transmission of small messages mainly focused on improving traffic safety. Instead, V2I communications allow users to access the Internet and benefit from higher level applications. The combination of both V2V and V2I, known as V2X communications, can increase the benefits even further, thereby making intelligent transportation systems (ITS) a reality. In this paper, we introduce V2X-d, a novel architecture specially designed to estimate traffic density on the road. In particular, V2X-d exploits the combination of V2V and V2I communications. Our approach is based on the information gathered by sensors (i.e., vehicles and road side units (RSUs)) and the characteristics of the roadmap topology to accurately make an estimation of the instant vehicle density. The combination of both mechanisms improves the accuracy and coverage area of the data gathered, while increasing the robustness and fault tolerance of the overall approach, e.g., using the information offered by V2V communications to provide additional density information in areas where RSUs are scarce or malfunctioning. By using our collaborative sensing scheme, future ITS solutions will be able to establish adequate dissemination protocols or to apply more efficient traffic congestion reduction policies, since they will be aware of the instantaneous density of vehicles.

  18. Nuclear Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hogerton, John

    1964-01-01

    This pamphlet describes how reactors work; discusses reactor design; describes research, teaching, and materials testing reactors; production reactors; reactors for electric power generation; reactors for supply heat; reactors for propulsion; reactors for space; reactor safety; and reactors of tomorrow. The appendix discusses characteristics of U.S. civilian power reactor concepts and lists some of the U.S. reactor power projects, with location, type, capacity, owner, and startup date.

  19. SimProp v2r3

    CERN Document Server

    Aloisio, Roberto; di Matteo, Armando; Grillo, Aurelio; Petrera, Sergio; Salamida, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    We introduce the a version of SimProp, a Monte Carlo code for simulating the propagation of ultra-high energy cosmic rays in intergalactic space. This version, SimProp v2r3, allows the choice of many more models for the extragalactic background light spectrum and evolution and photodisintegration cross sections and branching ratios than previous versions of SimProp.

  20. Neuronal Responses in Visual Area V2 (V2) of Macaque Monkeys with Strabismic Amblyopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, H.; Zhang, B.; Tao, X.; Harwerth, R. S.; Smith, E. L.

    2011-01-01

    Amblyopia, a developmental disorder of spatial vision, is thought to result from a cascade of cortical deficits over several processing stages beginning at the primary visual cortex (V1). However, beyond V1, little is known about how cortical development limits the visual performance of amblyopic primates. We quantitatively analyzed the monocular and binocular responses of V1 and V2 neurons in a group of strabismic monkeys exhibiting varying depths of amblyopia. Unlike in V1, the relative effectiveness of the affected eye to drive V2 neurons was drastically reduced in the amblyopic monkeys. The spatial resolution and the orientation bias of V2, but not V1, neurons were subnormal for the affected eyes. Binocular suppression was robust in both cortical areas, and the magnitude of suppression in individual monkeys was correlated with the depth of their amblyopia. These results suggest that the reduced functional connections beyond V1 and the subnormal spatial filter properties of V2 neurons might have substantially limited the sensitivity of the amblyopic eyes and that interocular suppression was likely to have played a key role in the observed alterations of V2 responses and the emergence of amblyopia. PMID:21263036

  1. CATHARE 2 V2.5{sub 2}: A single version for various applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geffraye, G., E-mail: genevieve.geffraye@cea.fr [CEA, DEN, DER, F-38054 Grenoble (France); Antoni, O.; Farvacque, M.; Kadri, D.; Lavialle, G.; Rameau, B.; Ruby, A. [CEA, DEN, DER, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

    2011-11-15

    method for the extension to new fluids is presented with an overview of the most striking functional and modelling features that have been implemented in the new CATHARE 2 V2.5{sub 2} version to be released mid-2009 for industrial applications.

  2. H Reactor

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The H Reactor was the first reactor to be built at Hanford after World War II.It became operational in October of 1949, and represented the fourth nuclear reactor on...

  3. Potential performance analysis and future trend prediction of electric vehicle with V2G/V2H/V2B capability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalong Guo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Due to the intermittent nature, renewable energy sources (RES has brought new challenges on load balancing and energy dispatching to the Smart Grid. Potentially served as distributed energy storage, Electric Vehicle’s (EV battery can be used as a way to help mitigate the pressure of fluctuation brought by RES and reinforce the stability of power systems. This paper gives a comprehensive review of the current situation of EV technology and mainly emphasizing three EV discharging operations which are Vehicle to Grid (V2G, Vehicle to Home (V2H, and Vehicle to Building (V2B, respectively. When needed, EV’s battery can discharge and send its surplus energy back to power grid, residential homes, or buildings. Based on our data analysis, we argue that V2G with the largest transmission power losses is potentially less efficient compared with the other two modes. We show that the residential users have the incentive to schedule the charging, V2G, and V2H according to the real-time price (RTP and the market sell-back price. In addition, we discuss some challenges and potential risks resulting from EVs’ fast growth. Finally we propose some suggestions on future power systems and also argue that some incentives or rewards need to be provided to motivate EV owners to behave in the best interests of the overall power systems.

  4. 2-minute Gridded Global Relief Data (ETOPO2) v2

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Two-minute gridded global relief for both ocean and land areas are available in the ETOPO2v2 (2006) database. ETOPO2v2 replaced ETOPO2 (2001). The historic 2-minute...

  5. Integration of V2H/V2G Hybrid System for Demand Response in Distribution Network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yubo; Sheikh, Omar; Hu, Boyang; Chu, Chi-Cheng; Gadh, Rajit

    2014-11-03

    Integration of Electrical Vehicles (EVs) with power grid not only brings new challenges for load management, but also opportunities for distributed storage and generation in distribution network. With the introduction of Vehicle-to-Home (V2H) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G), EVs can help stabilize the operation of power grid. This paper proposed and implemented a hybrid V2H/V2G system with commercialized EVs, which is able to support both islanded AC/DC load and the power grid with one single platform. Standard industrial communication protocols are implemented for a seamless respond to remote Demand Respond (DR) signals. Simulation and implementation are carried out to validate the proposed design. Simulation and implementation results showed that the hybrid system is capable of support critical islanded DC/AC load and quickly respond to the remote DR signal for V2G within 1.5kW of power range.

  6. Reactor Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ait Abderrahim, A

    2001-04-01

    The Reactor Physics and MYRRHA Department of SCK-CEN offers expertise in various areas of reactor physics, in particular in neutronics calculations, reactor dosimetry, reactor operation, reactor safety and control and non-destructive analysis of reactor fuel. This expertise is applied in the Department's own research projects in the VENUS critical facility, in the BR1 reactor and in the MYRRHA project (this project aims at designing a prototype Accelerator Driven System). Available expertise is also used in programmes external to the Department such as the reactor pressure steel vessel programme, the BR2 reactor dosimetry, and the preparation and interpretation of irradiation experiments by means of neutron and gamma calculations. The activities of the Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Technologies in Nuclear Science programme cover several domains outside the department. Progress and achievements in these topical areas in 2000 are summarised.

  7. The Verb Always Leaves IP in V2 Clauses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwartz, Bonnie D.; Vikner, Sten

    2007-01-01

    The verb second (V2) phenomenon, as it is found in the Germanic languages, has been the focus of much attention within recent syntactic research. In most of the literature on V2, it is assumed that the verb in all V2 clauses has moved to a head position outside IP, e.g. Cº. In Schwartz & Vikner...... analysis in which the verb moves into an Xº which is the sister of IP may be compatible with what we say here. Various alternatives to this analysis have been explored in the literature, and here we will address two in particular: One alternative is that there is an asymmetry between subject...

  8. Reactor safeguards

    CERN Document Server

    Russell, Charles R

    1962-01-01

    Reactor Safeguards provides information for all who are interested in the subject of reactor safeguards. Much of the material is descriptive although some sections are written for the engineer or physicist directly concerned with hazards analysis or site selection problems. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radiation hazards, the construction of nuclear reactors, safety issues, and the operation of nuclear reactors. This is followed by separate chapters that discuss radioactive materials, reactor kinetics, control and safety systems, containment, safety features for water reactor

  9. Reactor operation

    CERN Document Server

    Shaw, J

    2013-01-01

    Reactor Operation covers the theoretical aspects and design information of nuclear reactors. This book is composed of nine chapters that also consider their control, calibration, and experimentation.The opening chapters present the general problems of reactor operation and the principles of reactor control and operation. The succeeding chapters deal with the instrumentation, start-up, pre-commissioning, and physical experiments of nuclear reactors. The remaining chapters are devoted to the control rod calibrations and temperature coefficient measurements in the reactor. These chapters also exp

  10. The Answer Is Probably E, p or v2

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Mark

    2017-01-01

    A number of probabilistic experiments are described to estimate e, p and v2, with results from computer simulations being used to investigate convergence. A number of possible classroom exercises and extensions are presented.

  11. Implementation of the Control Rod Movement Option by means of Control Variables in RELAP5/PARCS v2.7 Coupled Code (NUREG/IA-0402)

    OpenAIRE

    Miró Herrero, Rafael; Ana Ibáñez, Pablo; Barrachina Celda, Teresa María; Martínez-Murillo, J.C.; Pereira, C.; Verdú Martín, Gumersindo Jesús

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this work is to introduce an improvement in best estimate coupled neutronicthermalhydraulic 3D codes simulations, by adding a model for the control rod movement in the coupled code RELAP5/PARCS v2.7, by means of control variables, with the aim of being able to dynamically analyze asymmetric transient accidents, as the reactivity insertion accidents (RIA) in a nuclear reactor, reproducing all the reactors control systems. The modification developed in this work ...

  12. Reactor Neutrinos

    OpenAIRE

    Soo-Bong Kim; Thierry Lasserre; Yifang Wang

    2013-01-01

    We review the status and the results of reactor neutrino experiments. Short-baseline experiments have provided the measurement of the reactor neutrino spectrum, and their interest has been recently revived by the discovery of the reactor antineutrino anomaly, a discrepancy between the reactor neutrino flux state of the art prediction and the measurements at baselines shorter than one kilometer. Middle and long-baseline oscillation experiments at Daya Bay, Double Chooz, and RENO provided very ...

  13. BOILING REACTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Untermyer, S.

    1962-04-10

    A boiling reactor having a reactivity which is reduced by an increase in the volume of vaporized coolant therein is described. In this system unvaporized liquid coolant is extracted from the reactor, heat is extracted therefrom, and it is returned to the reactor as sub-cooled liquid coolant. This reduces a portion of the coolant which includes vaporized coolant within the core assembly thereby enhancing the power output of the assembly and rendering the reactor substantially self-regulating. (AEC)

  14. Membrane reactor. Membrane reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shindo, Y.; Wakabayashi, K. (National Chemical Laboratory for Industry, Tsukuba (Japan))

    1990-08-05

    Many reaction examples were introduced of membrane reactor, to be on the point of forming a new region in the field of chemical technology. It is a reactor to exhibit excellent function, by its being installed with membrane therein, and is generally classified into catalyst function type and reaction promotion type. What firstly belongs to the former is stabilized zirconia, where oxygen, supplied to the cathodic side of membrane with voltage, impressed thereon, becomes O {sup 2 {minus}} to be diffused through the membrane and supplied, as variously activated oxygenous species, on the anodic side. Examples with many advantages can be given such as methane coupling, propylene oxidation, methanating reaction of carbon dioxide, etc. Apart, palladium film and naphion film also belong to the former. While examples of the latter comprise, among others, decomposition of hydrogen sulfide by porous glass film and dehydrogenation of cyclohexane or palladium alloy film, which are expected to be developed and materialized in the industry. 33 refs., 8 figs.

  15. Study on the decomposition of trace benzene over V2O5–WO3/TiO2-based catalysts in simulated flue gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trace levels (1 and 10 ppm) of gaseous benzene were catalytically decomposed in a fixed-bed catalytic reactor with monolithic oxides of vanadium and tungsten supported on titanium oxide (V2O5–WO3/TiO2) catalysts under conditions simulating the cooling of waste incineration flue g...

  16. Deactivation of V2O5-WO3-TiO2 SCR catalyst at a biomass-fired combined heat and power plant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zheng, Yuanjing; Jensen, Anker; Johnsson, Jan Erik

    2005-01-01

    The deactivation of a commercial type V2O5-WO3-TiO2 monolith catalyst under biomass combustion was studied at a full-scale grate-fired power plant burning straw/wood using a slip stream pilot scale reactor. The aerosols in the flue gas consisted of a mixture of potassium chloride and sulphate. Th...

  17. V 2 O 3 (0001)/Au(111) and /W(110)

    OpenAIRE

    Dupuis, Anne-Claire

    2002-01-01

    Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, die Reaktivität von V2O3(0001) zu untersuchen. In dieser Arbeit wird sich zunächst mit dem epitaktischen Wachstum von V2O3-Filmen auf Au(111)und W(110) befaßt. Stöchiometrie und Geometrie der dünnen Filme wurden mit Röntgenphotoelektronenspektroscopie (XPS), Röntgenabsorptionsspektroskopie (NEXAFS) und Beugung niederenergetischer Elektronen (LEED) charakterisiert. Wir haben gezeigt, dass die Oberfläche zwei Terminierungen aufweist, die sich durch die An- bzw. Abw...

  18. 3D mudeli koostamine Kinect v2 kaamera abil

    OpenAIRE

    Valgma, Lembit

    2016-01-01

    Kinect is an easy to use and a ordable RGB-D acquisition device that provides both spatial and color information for captured pixels. That makes it an attractive alternative to regular 3D scanning devices that usually cost signi cantly more and do not provide color info. Second generation of Kinect (v2) provides even better quality depth and color images to user. This thesis describes and implements method for 3D reconstruction using Kinect v2. Method suitability for various objects is ...

  19. The symmetry problem in $NaV_{2}O_{5}$

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damascelli, A.; Marel, D. van der; Jegoudez, J.; Dhalenne, G.; Revcolevschi, A.

    1998-01-01

    Published in: Physica B 259-261 (1999) 978-980 citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: We discuss the symmetry of NaV2O5 in the high temperature phase on the basis of optical conductivity data. Conclusive information cannot be obtained by studying the optically allowed lattice vibra

  20. OSCILLATION CONVERGENT THEOREMS FOR THE V2-INTEGRAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIBAOLING; G.F.DOMANTARY

    1994-01-01

    The Vt-integral as defined in[2], which is eqnivalent to M2-integrsl as defined in Trigonometre series by Zygmund is used to sum trigonometric seies in[1]. In this paper, some convergent theorems of V2-integral are established.

  1. Improving moving jam detection performance with V2I communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Netten, B.D.; Hegyi, A.; Wang, M.; Schakel, W.; Yuan, Y.; Schreiter, T.; Arem, B. van; Leeuwen, C.J. van; Alkim, T.

    2013-01-01

    Dynamax is a road side based system using the SPECIALIST control algorithm and inductive loops. Dynamax field tests showed that moving jams can be effectively resolved by dynamic speed measures [1,5]. This paper focuses on Dynamax In Car, which extends the road side infrastructure with a V2I coopera

  2. A Innovative Engineering Summer School V2.0

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Jens; Larsen, Peter Gorm

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a summer school which focuses on a conceive-design project. The summer school has been run three times; each of the implementations is described. The last implementation (v2.0) is discussed and four challenges are identified and discussed in detail: assignments, the role...

  3. Radio resource management for V2V discovery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alvarez, Beatriz Soret; Gatnau, Marta; Kovács, Istvan

    2016-01-01

    of each other; and the communication phase itself, where data exchange takes place. In the case of V2V, the discovery phase can utilize the status information that cars broadcast periodically as the beacons to detect the presence of neighbouring cars. For the delivery of specific messages (e...

  4. DEPOSITION VELOCITY ESTIMATION WITH THE GENII V2 SOFTWARE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchins, H.

    2012-04-23

    In 2010, the Department of Energy (DOE) Chief of Nuclear Safety and Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), with the support of industry experts in atmospheric sciences and accident dose consequences analysis, performed detailed analyses of the basis for the dry deposition velocity (DV) values used in the MACCS2 computer code. As a result of these analyses, DOE concluded that the historically used default DV values of 1 centimeter/second (cm/s) for unfiltered/unmitigated releases and 0.1 cm/s for filtered/mitigated releases may not be reasonably conservative for all DOE sites and accident scenarios. HSS recently issued Safety Bulletin 2011-02, Accident Analysis Parameter Update, recommending the use of the newly developed default DV, 0.1 cm/s for an unmitigated/unfiltered release. Alternatively site specific DV values can be developed using GENII version 2 (GENII v2) computer code. Key input parameters for calculating DV values include surface roughness, maximum wind speed for calm, particle size, particle density and meteorological data (wind speed and stability class). This paper will include reasonably conservative inputs, and a truncated parametric study. In lieu of the highly-conservative recommended DV value (0.1cm/s) for unmitigated/unfiltered release, GENII v2 has been used to justify estimated 95th percentile DV values. Also presented here are atmospheric dilution factors ({chi}/Q values) calculated with the MACCS2 code using the DV values form GENII v2, {chi}/Q values calculated directly with GENII v2, and a discussion of these results compare with one another. This paper will give an overview of the process of calculating DV with GENII v2 including a discussion of the sensitivity of input parameters.

  5. Multifunctional reactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerterp, K.R.

    1992-01-01

    Multifunctional reactors are single pieces of equipment in which, besides the reaction, other functions are carried out simultaneously. The other functions can be a heat, mass or momentum transfer operation and even another reaction. Multifunctional reactors are not new, but they have received much

  6. Testing the QA Method for Calculating Jet v_{2}

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, Jason

    2014-01-01

    For the summer, I was assigned to work on the ALICE experiment with Alice Ohlson. I wrote several programs throughout the summer that were used to calculate jet v 2 using a non-standard method described by my supervisor in her Ph.D. thesis. Though the project is not yet complete, significant progress has been made, and the results so far seem promising.

  7. Solving the $R_{AA}\\otimes v_2$ puzzle

    CERN Document Server

    Noronha-Hostler, Jacquelyn

    2016-01-01

    For the past ten years $R_{AA}(p_T)$, the nuclear modification factor that encodes the suppression of high $p_T$ particles due to energy loss within the medium was fairly well described by many theoretical models. However, the same models systematically under-predicted the high $p_T$ elliptic flow, $v_2$, which is experimentally measured as the correlation between soft and hard hadrons. All previous calculations neglected the effect of event-by-event fluctuations of an expanding viscous hydrodynamical background as well as the soft-hard flow harmonic correlations in the experimentally measured $v_2$. In this talk I show how event-by-event viscous hydrodynamics (computed using the v-USPhydro code) coupled to an energy loss model (BBMG) is able to simultaneously describe soft physics observables as well as the high-$p_T$ $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$. Suggestions for future more differential calculations at the LHC run2 are made to explore soft-hard flow correlations.

  8. The Change of Austenitic Stainless Steel Elements Content in the Inner Parts of VVER-440 Reactor during Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smutný, Vladimír; Hep, Jaroslav; Novosad, Petr

    2009-08-01

    Neutron activation induces the element transmutation in materials surrounding the reactor active core. The objective of the present paper is to calculate and evaluate the change of austenitic stainless steel 08Ch18N10T elements content through neutron induced activation, in inner parts of VVER-440 - in the baffle and in the barrel. Particularly the content changes of Mn in austenitic stainless steel. The neutron flux density and then the neutron activation of austenitic stainless steel elements in parts at the core are calculated. Neutron activation represents a measure of austenitic stainless steel elements transmutation. The power distribution is determined as an average value of several cycles power distribution in the middle of a cycle for the NPP Dukovany. The power distribution is calculated with the code MOBY-DICK [1]. The neutron flux density is calculated with the code TORT [2]. The neutron activation of austenitic stainless steel elements in the baffle and in the barrel is calculated with the system EASY-2007 containing the code FISPACT-2007 [3]. The calculation of the changing austenitic stainless steel elements content is performed depending on the moment of the supposed end of reactor operation - 40 years. There is also necessary monitoring and benchmarking of steel element content change, because the neutron flux calculation, particularly in thermal region, shows a considerable uncertainty, e.g. [4]. The motivation for this work is the study focused to stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels induced by radiation inside PWR and BWR, e.g. [5]. The paper could be a suggestion to estimation of austenitic stainless steel corrosion damage induced by neutrons in inner parts of VVER-440 reactor.

  9. Reactor vessel

    OpenAIRE

    Makkee, M.; Kapteijn, F.; Moulijn, J.A

    1999-01-01

    A reactor vessel (1) comprises a reactor body (2) through which channels (3) are provided whose surface comprises longitudinal inwardly directed parts (4) and is provided with a catalyst (6), as well as buffer bodies (8, 12) connected to the channels (3) on both sides of the reactor body (2) and comprising connections for supplying (9, 10, 11) and discharging (13, 14, 15) via the channels (3) gases and/or liquids entering into a reaction with each other and substances formed upon this reactio...

  10. DeNOx Study in Diesel Engine Exhaust Using Barrier Discharge Corona Assisted by V2O5/TiO2 Catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B. S. Rajanikanth; V. Ravi

    2004-01-01

    A plasma-assisted catalytic reactor was used to remove nitrogen oxides (Nox) from diesel engine exhaust operated under different load conditions. Initial studies were focused on plasma reactor (a dielectric barrier discharge reactor) treatment of diesel exhaust at various temperatures. The nitric oxide (NO) removal efficiency was lowered when high temperature exhaust was treated using plasma reactor. Also, NO removal efficiency decreased when 45% load exhaust was treated. Studies were then made with plasma reactor combined with a catalytic reactor consisting of a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst, V2O5/TiO2. Ammonia was used as a reducing agent for SCR process in a ratio of 1:1 to Nox. The studies were focused on temperatures of the SCR catalytic reactor below 200 ℃. The plasma-assisted catalytic reactor was operated well to remove Nox under no-load and load conditions. For an energy input of 96 J/l, the Nox removal efficiencies obtained under no-load and load conditions were 90% and 72% respectively at an exhaust temperature of 100 ℃.

  11. Critical Elements of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steward, Darlene M [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-09-07

    This report explores the critical elements of V2G economics. Section 2 summarizes the elements and costs of a V2G system. Section 3 describes V2G revenue-generating services and the business cases for providing these services. Section 4 notes real-world V2G applications. Section 5 lists concerns related to V2G. Section 6 concludes and summarizes V2G cost and revenue elements.

  12. Chemical Reactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, C. N.

    1980-01-01

    Describes a course, including content, reading list, and presentation on chemical reactors at Cambridge University, England. A brief comparison of chemical engineering education between the United States and England is also given. (JN)

  13. Reactor Neutrinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soo-Bong Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We review the status and the results of reactor neutrino experiments. Short-baseline experiments have provided the measurement of the reactor neutrino spectrum, and their interest has been recently revived by the discovery of the reactor antineutrino anomaly, a discrepancy between the reactor neutrino flux state of the art prediction and the measurements at baselines shorter than one kilometer. Middle and long-baseline oscillation experiments at Daya Bay, Double Chooz, and RENO provided very recently the most precise determination of the neutrino mixing angle θ13. This paper provides an overview of the upcoming experiments and of the projects under development, including the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy and the possible use of neutrinos for society, for nonproliferation of nuclear materials, and geophysics.

  14. NUCLEAR REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, H.I.; Smith, R.C.

    1958-01-21

    This patent relates to nuclear reactors of the type which use a liquid fuel, such as a solution of uranyl sulfate in ordinary water which acts as the moderator. The reactor is comprised of a spherical vessel having a diameter of about 12 inches substantially surrounded by a reflector of beryllium oxide. Conventionnl control rods and safety rods are operated in slots in the reflector outside the vessel to control the operation of the reactor. An additional means for increasing the safety factor of the reactor by raising the ratio of delayed neutrons to prompt neutrons, is provided and consists of a soluble sulfate salt of beryllium dissolved in the liquid fuel in the proper proportion to obtain the result desired.

  15. Reactor Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lema, Juan M.; López, Carmen; Eibes, Gemma; Taboada-Puig, Roberto; Moreira, M. Teresa; Feijoo, Gumersindo

    In this chapter, the engineering aspects of processes catalyzed by peroxidases will be presented. In particular, a discussion of the existing technologies that utilize peroxidases for different purposes, such as the removal of recalcitrant compounds or the synthesis of polymers, is analyzed. In the first section, the essential variables controlling the process will be investigated, not only those that are common in any enzymatic system but also those specific to peroxidative reactions. Next, different reactor configurations and operational modes will be proposed, emphasizing their suitability and unsuitability for different systems. Finally, two specific reactors will be described in detail: enzymatic membrane reactors and biphasic reactors. These configurations are especially valuable for the treatment of xenobiotics with high and poor water solubility, respectively.

  16. Reactor Neutrinos

    OpenAIRE

    Lasserre, T.; Sobel, H.W.

    2005-01-01

    We review the status and the results of reactor neutrino experiments, that toe the cutting edge of neutrino research. Short baseline experiments have provided the measurement of the reactor neutrino spectrum, and are still searching for important phenomena such as the neutrino magnetic moment. They could open the door to the measurement of coherent neutrino scattering in a near future. Middle and long baseline oscillation experiments at Chooz and KamLAND have played a relevant role in neutrin...

  17. Reactor Dosimetry State of the Art 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorbraak, Wim; Debarberis, Luigi; D'Hondt, Pierre; Wagemans, Jan

    2009-08-01

    Oral session 1: Retrospective dosimetry. Retrospective dosimetry of VVER 440 reactor pressure vessel at the 3rd unit of Dukovany NPP / M. Marek ... [et al.]. Retrospective dosimetry study at the RPV of NPP Greifswald unit 1 / J. Konheiser ... [et al.]. Test of prototype detector for retrospective neutron dosimetry of reactor internals and vessel / K. Hayashi ... [et al.]. Neutron doses to the concrete vessel and tendons of a magnox reactor using retrospective dosimetry / D. A. Allen ... [et al.]. A retrospective dosimetry feasibility study for Atucha I / J. Wagemans ... [et al.]. Retrospective reactor dosimetry with zirconium alloy samples in a PWR / L. R. Greenwood and J. P. Foster -- Oral session 2: Experimental techniques. Characterizing the Time-dependent components of reactor n/y environments / P. J. Griffin, S. M. Luker and A. J. Suo-Anttila. Measurements of the recoil-ion response of silicon carbide detectors to fast neutrons / F. H. Ruddy, J. G. Seidel and F. Franceschini. Measurement of the neutron spectrum of the HB-4 cold source at the high flux isotope reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory / J. L. Robertson and E. B. Iverson. Feasibility of cavity ring-down laser spectroscopy for dose rate monitoring on nuclear reactor / H. Tomita ... [et al.]. Measuring transistor damage factors in a non-stable defect environment / D. B. King ... [et al.]. Neutron-detection based monitoring of void effects in boiling water reactors / J. Loberg ... [et al.] -- Poster session 1: Power reactor surveillance, retrospective dosimetry, benchmarks and inter-comparisons, adjustment methods, experimental techniques, transport calculations. Improved diagnostics for analysis of a reactor pulse radiation environment / S. M. Luker ... [et al.]. Simulation of the response of silicon carbide fast neutron detectors / F. Franceschini, F. H. Ruddy and B. Petrović. NSV A-3: a computer code for least-squares adjustment of neutron spectra and measured dosimeter responses / J. G

  18. ARES v2 - new features and improved performance

    CERN Document Server

    Sousa, S G; Adibekyan, V; Delgado-Mena, E; Israelian, G

    2015-01-01

    Aims: We present a new upgraded version of ARES. The new version includes a series of interesting new features such as automatic radial velocity correction, a fully automatic continuum determination, and an estimation of the errors for the equivalent widths. Methods: The automatic correction of the radial velocity is achieved with a simple cross-correlation function, and the automatic continuum determination, as well as the estimation of the errors, relies on a new approach to evaluating the spectral noise at the continuum level. Results: ARES v2 is totally compatible with its predecessor. We show that the fully automatic continuum determination is consistent with the previous methods applied for this task. It also presents a significant improvement on its performance thanks to the implementation of a parallel computation using the OpenMP library.

  19. NONCODE v2.0: decoding the non-coding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Shunmin; Liu, Changning; Skogerbø, Geir; Zhao, Haitao; Wang, Jie; Liu, Tao; Bai, Baoyan; Zhao, Yi; Chen, Runsheng

    2008-01-01

    The NONCODE database is an integrated knowledge database designed for the analysis of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). Since NONCODE was first released 3 years ago, the number of known ncRNAs has grown rapidly, and there is growing recognition that ncRNAs play important regulatory roles in most organisms. In the updated version of NONCODE (NONCODE v2.0), the number of collected ncRNAs has reached 206 226, including a wide range of microRNAs, Piwi-interacting RNAs and mRNA-like ncRNAs. The improvements brought to the database include not only new and updated ncRNA data sets, but also an incorporation of BLAST alignment search service and access through our custom UCSC Genome Browser. NONCODE can be found under http://www.noncode.org or http://noncode.bioinfo.org.cn.

  20. V2 word order in subordinate clauses in spoken Danish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Torben Juel; Christensen, Tanya Karoli

    and the type of subordinating conjunction, although social and geographical factors also have an impact. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that V2 word order is associated with foreground or main point of utterance, if we accept it as a statistical tendency in language use rather than....... Nørgaard- Sørensen & L. Schøsler. Grammatikalisering og struktur. København, Museum Tusculanum. Jensen, Torben Juel forthc. Ordstilling i ledsætninger i moderne dansk talesprog. Ny forskning i grammatik. Simons, M. 2007. Observations on embedding verbs, evidentiality and presupposition. Lingua 117 (6......), 1034-1056. Vikner, S. 1995. Verb movement and expletive subjects in the Germanic languages. Oxford University Press....

  1. Developments and applications of DAQ framework DABC v2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamczewski-Musch, J.; Kurz, N.; Linev, S.

    2015-12-01

    The Data Acquisition Backbone Core (DABC) is a software framework for distributed data acquisition. In 2013 Version 2 of DABC has been released with several improvements. For monitoring and control, an HTTP web server and a proprietary command channel socket have been provided. Web browser GUIs have been implemented for configuration and control of DABC and MBS DAQ nodes via such HTTP server. Several specific plug-ins, for example interfacing PEXOR/KINPEX optical readout PCIe boards, or HADES trbnet input and hld file output, have been further developed. In 2014, DABC v2 was applied for production data taking of the HADES collaboration's pion beam time at GSI. It fully replaced the functionality of the previous event builder software and added new features concerning online monitoring.

  2. Locating PHEV Exchange Stations in V2G

    CERN Document Server

    Pan, Feng; Berscheid, Alan; Izraelevitz, David

    2010-01-01

    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are an environmentally friendly technology that is expected to rapidly penetrate the transportation system. Renewable energy sources such as wind and solar have received considerable attention as clean power options for future generation expansion. However, these sources are intermittent and increase the uncertainty in the ability to generate power. The deployment of PHEVs in a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) system provide a potential mechanism for reducing the variability of renewable energy sources. For example, PHEV supporting infrastructures like battery exchange stations that provide battery service to PHEV customers could be used as storage devices to stabilize the grid when renewable energy production is fluctuating. In this paper, we study how to best site these stations in terms of how they can support both the transportation system and the power grid. To model this problem we develop a two-stage stochastic program to optimally locate the stations prior to the realizat...

  3. Kinect v2 based system for Parkinson's disease assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Ana Patricia; Choupina, Hugo; Fernandes, Jose Maria; Rosas, Maria Jose; Vaz, Rui; Silva Cunha, Joao Paulo

    2015-08-01

    Human motion analysis can provide valuable information for supporting the clinical assessment of movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In this contribution, we study the suitability of a Kinect v2 based system for supporting PD assessment in a clinical environment, in comparison to the original Kinect (v1). In this study, 3-D body joint data were acquired from both normal subjects, and PD patients treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS). Then, several gait parameters were extracted from the gathered data. The obtained results show that 96% of the considered parameters are appropriate for distinguishing between non-PD subjects, PD patients with DBS stimulator switched on, and PD patients with stimulator switched off (p-value Kinect v1, where only 73% of the parameters are considered appropriate (p-value <; 0.001).

  4. Bioconversion reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarty, Perry L.; Bachmann, Andre

    1992-01-01

    A bioconversion reactor for the anaerobic fermentation of organic material. The bioconversion reactor comprises a shell enclosing a predetermined volume, an inlet port through which a liquid stream containing organic materials enters the shell, and an outlet port through which the stream exits the shell. A series of vertical and spaced-apart baffles are positioned within the shell to force the stream to flow under and over them as it passes from the inlet to the outlet port. The baffles present a barrier to the microorganisms within the shell causing them to rise and fall within the reactor but to move horizontally at a very slow rate. Treatment detention times of one day or less are possible.

  5. [Adsorption and removal of gas-phase Hg(0) over a V2O5/AC catalyst in the presence of SO2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jun-wei; Yang, Jian-li; Liu, Zhen-yu

    2009-12-01

    The adsorption and removal behaviors of gas-phase Hg(0) over V2O5/AC and AC were studied under a simulated flue gas (containing N2, SO2, O2) in a fixed-bed reactor. The influences of the V2O5, loading, SO2 concentration and adsorption temperature on Hg0 adsorption were investigated. The speciation of mercury adsorbed was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was found that the V2O5/AC catalyst has a much higher capability than AC for Hg(0) adsorption and removal, mainly because of the catalytic oxidation activity of V2O5. The Hg(0) adsorption capability depends on the V2O5 content of the V2O5/AC catalyst. The amounts of mercury adsorbed increase from 75.9 microg x g(-1) to 89.6 microg x g(-1) (in the absence of O2) and from 115.9 microg x g(-1) to 185.5 microg x g(-1) (in the presence of O2) as the V2O5 loading increases from 0.5% to 1.0%, which are much higher than those over AC under the same conditions (9.6 microg x g(-1) and 23.3 microg x g(-1)). SO2 in the flue gas enhances Hg(0) adsorption over the V2O5/AC catalyst, which is due to the reaction of SO2 and Hg(0) on V2O3/AC. But as the SO2 concentration increases from 500 x 10(-6) to 2000 x 10(-6), the amount of mercury adsorbed has only a slight increase. The optimal temperature for Hg(0) adsorption over the V2O5/AC catalyst is around 150 degrees C, at which the amounts of mercury adsorbed are up to 98.5 microg x g(-1) (in the absence of O2) and 187.7 microg x g(-1) (in the presence of O2). The XPS results indicate the formation of Hg(0) and HgSO4 on the surface of the V2O5/AC catalyst, which confirms the role of V2O5 and SO2.

  6. Sonochemical Reactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogate, Parag R; Patil, Pankaj N

    2016-10-01

    Sonochemical reactors are based on the generation of cavitational events using ultrasound and offer immense potential for the intensification of physical and chemical processing applications. The present work presents a critical analysis of the underlying mechanisms for intensification, available reactor configurations and overview of the different applications exploited successfully, though mostly at laboratory scales. Guidelines have also been presented for optimum selection of the important operating parameters (frequency and intensity of irradiation, temperature and liquid physicochemical properties) as well as the geometric parameters (type of reactor configuration and the number/position of the transducers) so as to maximize the process intensification benefits. The key areas for future work so as to transform the successful technique at laboratory/pilot scale into commercial technology have also been discussed. Overall, it has been established that there is immense potential for sonochemical reactors for process intensification leading to greener processing and economic benefits. Combined efforts from a wide range of disciplines such as material science, physics, chemistry and chemical engineers are required to harness the benefits at commercial scale operation.

  7. KASS v.2.2. scheduling software for construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzemiński Michał

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents fourth version of specialist useful software in scheduling KASS v.2.2 (Algorithm Scheduling Krzeminski System. KASS software is designed for construction scheduling, specially form flow shop models. The program is being dedicated closely for the purposes of the construction. In distinguishing to other used programs in tasks of this type operational research criteria were designed closely with the thought about construction works and about the specificity of the building production. The minimal time, the minimal slack of brigades, the minimal slacks of the chosen working brigade and costs of the transfer operation of working fronts are included in operational research criteria between work centers. It is possible to enter data into the program both by hand as well as to load the Excel from files, similarly is with results, they are presented on-screen as well as a possibility of enrolling them in the file exists Excel. An element is very valid for it since allows for further simple processing of received results. In providing software for performing operational research calculations a technique of the complete review and simulation technology are being exploited. Described algorithms a program is using which will stay in the article as well as shown computational examples will remain.

  8. LANL*V2.0: global modeling and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Zaharia

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe in this paper the new version of LANL*, an artificial neural network (ANN for calculating the magnetic drift invariant L*. This quantity is used for modeling radiation belt dynamics and for space weather applications. We have implemented the following enhancements in the new version: (1 we have removed the limitation to geosynchronous orbit and the model can now be used for a much larger region. (2 The new version is based on the improved magnetic field model by Tsyganenko and Sitnov (2005 (TS05 instead of the older model by Tsyganenko et al. (2003. We have validated the model and compared our results to L* calculations with the TS05 model based on ephemerides for CRRES, Polar, GPS, a LANL geosynchronous satellite, and a virtual RBSP type orbit. We find that the neural network performs very well for all these orbits with an error typically ΔL* * V2.0 artificial neural network is orders of magnitudes faster than traditional numerical field line integration techniques with the TS05 model. It has applications to real-time radiation belt forecasting, analysis of data sets involving decades of satellite of observations, and other problems in space weather.

  9. SPHY v2.0: Spatial Processes in HYdrology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Terink

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces and presents the Spatial Processes in HYdrology (SPHY model (v2.0, its development background, its underlying concepts, and some typical applications. The SPHY model is developed using the best components of existing and well-tested simulation models, and is developed with the explicit aim to simulate terrestrial hydrology at flexible scales, under various land use and climate conditions. SPHY is a spatially distributed leaky bucket type of model, and is applied on a cell-by-cell basis. The model is written in the Python programming language using the PCRaster dynamic modelling framework. Compared to other hydrological models, that typically focus on the simulation of streamflow only, the SPHY model has several advantages: it (i integrates most relevant hydrological processes, (ii is setup modular, (iii is easy adjustable and applicable, (iii can easily be linked to remote sensing data, and (iv can be applied for operational as well as strategic decision support. The most relevant hydrological processes that are integrated in the SPHY model are rainfall–runoff processes, cryosphere processes, evapotranspiration processes, the simulation of dynamic vegetational cover, lake/reservoir outflow, and the simulation of rootzone moisture contents. Studies in which the SPHY model was successfully applied and tested are described in this paper, and range from (i real-time soil moisture predictions to support irrigation management in lowland areas, to (ii detailed climate change impact studies in snow and glacier-fed river basins, to (iii operational flow forecasting in mountainous catchments.

  10. Real time RULA assessment using Kinect v2 sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manghisi, Vito Modesto; Uva, Antonio Emmanuele; Fiorentino, Michele; Bevilacqua, Vitoantonio; Trotta, Gianpaolo Francesco; Monno, Giuseppe

    2017-03-07

    The evaluation of the exposure to risk factors in workplaces and their subsequent redesign represent one of the practices to lessen the frequency of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. In this paper we present K2RULA, a semi-automatic RULA evaluation software based on the Microsoft Kinect v2 depth camera, aimed at detecting awkward postures in real time, but also in off-line analysis. We validated our tool with two experiments. In the first one, we compared the K2RULA grand-scores with those obtained with a reference optical motion capture system and we found a statistical perfect match according to the Landis and Koch scale (proportion agreement index = 0.97, k = 0.87). In the second experiment, we evaluated the agreement of the grand-scores returned by the proposed application with those obtained by a RULA expert rater, finding again a statistical perfect match (proportion agreement index = 0.96, k = 0.84), whereas a commercial software based on Kinect v1 sensor showed a lower agreement (proportion agreement index = 0.82, k = 0.34).

  11. SPHY v2.0: Spatial Processes in HYdrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terink, W.; Lutz, A. F.; Simons, G. W. H.; Immerzeel, W. W.; Droogers, P.

    2015-07-01

    This paper introduces and presents the Spatial Processes in HYdrology (SPHY) model (v2.0), its development background, its underlying concepts, and some example applications. SPHY has been developed with the explicit aim of simulating terrestrial hydrology on flexible scales, under various physiographical and hydroclimatic conditions, by integrating key components from existing and well-tested models. SPHY is a spatially distributed leaky bucket type of model, and is applied on a cell-by-cell basis. The model is written in the Python programming language using the PCRaster dynamic modeling framework. SPHY (i) integrates most hydrologic processes, (ii) has the flexibility to be applied in a wide range of hydrologic applications, and (iii) on various scales, and (iv) can easily be implemented. The most relevant hydrological processes that are integrated into the SPHY model are rainfall-runoff processes, cryosphere processes, evapotranspiration processes, the dynamic evolution of vegetation cover, lake/reservoir outflow, and the simulation of root-zone moisture contents. Studies in which the SPHY model was successfully applied and tested are described in this paper, including (i) real-time soil moisture predictions to support irrigation management in lowland areas, (ii) climate change impact studies in snow- and glacier-fed river basins, and (iii) operational flow forecasting in mountainous catchments.

  12. Generation of v2a interneurons from mouse embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Chelsea R; Butts, Jessica C; McCreedy, Dylan A; Sakiyama-Elbert, Shelly E

    2014-08-01

    V2a interneurons of the ventral spinal cord and hindbrain play an important role in the central pattern generators (CPGs) involved in locomotion, skilled reaching, and respiration. However, sources of V2a interneurons for in vitro studies are limited. In this study, we developed a differentiation protocol for V2a interneurons from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). Cells were induced in a 2(-)/4(+) induction protocol with varying concentrations of retinoic acid (RA) and the mild sonic hedgehog (Shh) agonist purmorphamine (Pur) in order to increase the expression of V2a interneuron transcription factors (eg, Chx10). Notch signaling, which influences the commitment of p2 progenitor cells to V2a or V2b interneurons, was inhibited in cell cultures to increase the percentage of V2a interneurons. At the end of the induction period, cell commitment was assessed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunocytochemistry, and flow cytometry to quantify expression of transcription factors specific to V2a interneurons and the adjacent ventral spinal cord regions. Low concentrations of RA and high concentrations of Pur led to greater expression of transcription factors specific for V2a interneurons. Notch inhibition favored V2a interneuron over V2b interneuron differentiation. The protocol established in this study can be used to further elucidate the pathways involved in V2a interneuron differentiation and help produce sources of V2a interneurons for developmental neurobiology, electrophysiology, and transplantation studies.

  13. Power Quality Evaluation of 480-V, 2-MVA UPS Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CAMM,E.H.; COREY,GARTH P.; ROBERTS,B.

    2000-06-21

    A mobile 480-V, 2-MVA UPS System utilizing battery energy storage was installed at S and C Electric Company's Polymer Products Fabrication Building in Chicago, Illinois in May 1999 to provide uninterrupted power to the building for up to 15 seconds in the event of a voltage sag or momentary interruption in the local utility supply. Similar units can be applied at medium voltage through the application of a step-up transformer to provide momentary power disturbance ride through of up to 30 seconds for loads up to 15 MVA at system voltages ranging from 4.16 kV to 34.5 kV. A power quality evaluation of the installation was performed over a six-month period from July 1999 to early January 2000. This paper describes the details and results of this power quality evaluation, which involved two phases. Phase I involved the collection and review of power disturbance data and the effects on process equipment, while Phase II involved power quality monitoring of utility source and building load voltages and currents over a period of six months. Review of power disturbance data and equipment power-disturbance ride-through characteristics during Phase I of the project indicated that the polymer fabrication process in the building is affected by the tripping of motors driving hydraulic pumps for the thermal set molding machines. The tripping of these motors may have resulted in direct production losses in 1998 of approximately $468,000. The monitoring conducted during Phase II of the project showed that the PureWave UPS operated as intended during 12 utility voltage sag events to protect the building's load against momentary power disturbances. In addition, the unit operated successfully during many staged interruptions involving opening of a source-side circuit breaker.

  14. Catalytic performance of V2O5-MoO3/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for partial oxidation of n-hexane1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoudian, R.; Khodadadi, Z.; Mahdavi, Vahid; Salehi, Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    In the current study, a series of V2O5-MoO3 catalyst supported on γ-Al2O3 with various V2O5 and MoO3 loadings was prepared by wet impregnation technique. The characterization of prepared catalysts includes BET surface area, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and oxygen chemisorptions. The partial oxidation of n-hexane by air over V2O5-MoO3/γ-Al2O3 catalysts was carried out under flow condition in a fixed bed glass reactor. The effect of V2O5 loading, temperature, MoO3 loading, and n-hexane LHSV on the n-hexane conversion and the product selectivity were investigated. The partial oxygenated products of n-hexane oxidation were ethanol, acetic anhydride, acetic acid, and acetaldehyde. The 10% V2O5-1%MoO3/γ-Al2O3 was found in most active and selective catalyst during partial oxidation of n-hexane. The results indicated that by increasing the temperature, the n-hexane conversion increases as well, although the selectivity of the products passes through a maximum by increasing the temperature.

  15. A feasibility Study: The Succinct Solver v2.0, XSB Prolog v2.6, and Flow-Logic Based Program Analysis for Carmel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilegaard, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    We perform a direct comparison of the {Succinct Solver v2.0} and {XSB Prolog v2.6} based on experiments with {Control Flow Analyses} of scalable {Discretionary Ambient programs} and {Carmel programs}. To facilitate this comparison we expand ALFP clauses accepted by the Succinct Solver into more...

  16. TERS v2.0: An improved version of TERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nath, S.

    2009-11-01

    We present a new version of the semimicroscopic Monte Carlo code "TERS". The procedure for calculating multiple small angle Coulomb scattering of the residues in the target has been modified. Target-backing and residue charge-reset foils, which are often used in heavy ion-induced complete fusion reactions, are included in the code. New version program summaryProgram title: TERS v2.0 Catalogue identifier: AEBD_v2_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEBD_v2_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 7309 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1 219 555 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C Computer: The code has been developed and tested on a PC with Intel Pentium IV processor. Operating system: Linux RAM: About 8 Mbytes Classification: 17.7 External routines: pgplot graphics subroutine library [1] should be installed in the system for generating residue trajectory plots. (The library is included in the CPC distribution file.) Catalogue identifier of previous version: AEBD_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Comm. 179 (2008) 492 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes Nature of problem: Recoil separators are employed to select and identify nuclei of interest, produced in a nuclear reaction, rejecting unreacted beam and other undesired reaction products. It is important to know what fraction of the selected nuclei, leaving the target, reach the detection system. This information is crucial for determining absolute cross section of the studied reaction. Solution method: Interaction of projectiles with target nuclei is treated event by event, semimicro-scopically. Position and angle (with respect to beam direction), energy and charge state of the reaction products are

  17. V2R mutations and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bichet, Daniel G

    2009-01-01

    Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), which can be inherited or acquired, is characterized by an inability to concentrate urine despite normal or elevated plasma concentrations of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). Polyuria, with hyposthenuria, and polydipsia are the cardinal clinical manifestations of the disease. Nephrogenic failure to concentrate urine maximally may be due to a defect in vasopressin-induced water permeability of the distal tubules and collecting ducts, to insufficient buildup of the corticopapillary interstitial osmotic gradient, or to a combination of these two factors. Thus, the broadest definition of the term NDI embraces any antidiuretic hormone-resistant urinary-concentrating defect, including medullary disease with low interstitial osmolality, renal failure, and osmotic diuresis. About 90% of patients with congenital NDI are males with X-linked recessive NDI (OMIM 304800)(1) and have mutations in the AVP receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene that codes for the vasopressin V(2) receptor; the gene is located in chromosome region Xq28. In about 10% of the families studied, congenital NDI has an autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant mode of inheritance (OMIM 222000 and 125800)(1). Mutations have been identified in the aquaporin-2 gene (AQP2, OMIM 107777)(1), which is located in chromosome region 12q13 and codes for the vasopressin-sensitive water channel. NDI is clinically distinguishable from neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (OMIM 125700(1); also referred to as central or neurogenic diabetes insipidus) by a lack of response to exogenous AVP and by plasma levels of AVP that rise normally with increase in plasma osmolality. Hereditary neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus is secondary to mutations in the gene encoding AVP (OMIM 192340)(1). Neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus is also a component of autosomal recessive Wolfram syndrome 1 or DIDMOAD syndrome (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness) (OMIM

  18. THE NANOCOMPOSITE FILM OF POLYMER INTERCALATION IN V2O5 XEROGEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The nanocomposite films were prepared by poly(ethylene oxide), PEO, intercalation in V2O5 xerogel in sol-gel. The synthesis and state of the films are investigated by the XRD, IR, SEM, etc. The results show that V2O5 xerogel is a layered structure which arranges in c-direction. The interlayer distance of V2O5 xerogel increases remarkably when PEO is intercalated in V2O5 xerogel interlayer. PEO has strong interaction with V2O5 host. The surface of the films is homogeneous without holes and cracks.

  19. The physics mechanisms of light and heavy flavor $v_{2}$ and mass ordering in AMPT

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Hanlin; Wang, Fuqiang

    2016-01-01

    A Multi-Phase Transport (AMPT) model has been shown to describe experimental data well, such as the bulk properties of particle spectra and elliptic anisotropy ($v_{2}$) in heavy ion collisions. Recent studies have shown that AMPT describes the $v_{2}$ data in small system collisions as well. In these proceedings, we first investigate the origin of the mass ordering of identified hadrons $v_{2}$ in heavy ion as well as small system collisions. We then study the production mechanism of the charm $v_{2}$ in light of the escape mechanism for the light quark $v_{2}$.

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of Self-Assembled V2O5 Mesostructures Intercalated by Polyaniline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; Zifeng Yan

    2005-01-01

    A new nanocomposite of vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) and polyaniline (PANI) were synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization/intercalation on V2O5 powder at room temperature. The reaction was facile and topotactic, forming polyaniline as the emeraldine salt. It was indicated that V2O5 itself can catalyze the oxidative polymerization of aniline and that layered structure could make aniline intercalate into the V2O5 framework. It makes the in situ polymerization feasible to occur in the layer of V2O5 structure. XRD results showed PANI/V2O5 nanocomposite possessed lamellar mesostructure, which was determined by an X-ray diffraction peak at 6.5° and SEM photograph. And FT-IR spectrum suggested that there was interaction between PANI and V2O5. The hybrid had better thermal stability in N2 and air ambience.

  1. ASTEC V2 severe accident integral code: Fission product modelling and validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantrel, L., E-mail: laurent.cantrel@irsn.fr; Cousin, F.; Bosland, L.; Chevalier-Jabet, K.; Marchetto, C.

    2014-06-01

    One main goal of the severe accident integral code ASTEC V2, jointly developed since almost more than 15 years by IRSN and GRS, is to simulate the overall behaviour of fission products (FP) in a damaged nuclear facility. ASTEC applications are source term determinations, level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA2) studies including the determination of uncertainties, accident management studies and physical analyses of FP experiments to improve the understanding of the phenomenology. ASTEC is a modular code and models of a part of the phenomenology are implemented in each module: the release of FPs and structural materials from degraded fuel in the ELSA module; the transport through the reactor coolant system approximated as a sequence of control volumes in the SOPHAEROS module; and the radiochemistry inside the containment nuclear building in the IODE module. Three other modules, CPA, ISODOP and DOSE, allow respectively computing the deposition rate of aerosols inside the containment, the activities of the isotopes as a function of time, and the gaseous dose rate which is needed to model radiochemistry in the gaseous phase. In ELSA, release models are semi-mechanistic and have been validated for a wide range of experimental data, and noticeably for VERCORS experiments. For SOPHAEROS, the models can be divided into two parts: vapour phase phenomena and aerosol phase phenomena. For IODE, iodine and ruthenium chemistry are modelled based on a semi-mechanistic approach, these FPs can form some volatile species and are particularly important in terms of potential radiological consequences. The models in these 3 modules are based on a wide experimental database, resulting for a large part from international programmes, and they are considered at the state of the art of the R and D knowledge. This paper illustrates some FPs modelling capabilities of ASTEC and computed values are compared to some experimental results, which are parts of the validation matrix.

  2. Hybrid adsorptive membrane reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsotsis, Theodore T. (Inventor); Sahimi, Muhammad (Inventor); Fayyaz-Najafi, Babak (Inventor); Harale, Aadesh (Inventor); Park, Byoung-Gi (Inventor); Liu, Paul K. T. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A hybrid adsorbent-membrane reactor in which the chemical reaction, membrane separation, and product adsorption are coupled. Also disclosed are a dual-reactor apparatus and a process using the reactor or the apparatus.

  3. D and DR Reactors

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The world's second full-scale nuclear reactor was the D Reactor at Hanford which was built in the early 1940's and went operational in December of 1944.D Reactor ran...

  4. Hybrid adsorptive membrane reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsotsis, Theodore T.; Sahimi, Muhammad; Fayyaz-Najafi, Babak; Harale, Aadesh; Park, Byoung-Gi; Liu, Paul K. T.

    2011-03-01

    A hybrid adsorbent-membrane reactor in which the chemical reaction, membrane separation, and product adsorption are coupled. Also disclosed are a dual-reactor apparatus and a process using the reactor or the apparatus.

  5. Structural Characterization of the β-Cu 2V 2O 7- α-Zn 2V 2O 7 Solid Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, Michael; Hawthorne, Frank C.

    1999-08-01

    (Zn2-xCux)V2O7 solid-solutions were synthesized by heating to 1000°C, cooling to 750°C, and then quenching. Powder-diffraction patterns and the single-crystal structure refinements of (Cu0.56Zn1.44)V2O7, (Cu1.0Zn1.0)V2O7, and (Cu1.53Zn0.47)V2O7 show that the solid-solution series between α-Zn2V2O7 and β-Cu2V2O7 is complete and that there is no phase transition. With substitution of Zn by Cu2+, a and b lattice constants increase and decrease, respectively, while c lattice constant and cell volume (V) do not change. This results from elongation of the (MO5) square pyramid (M=Zn, Cu2+) and from rotation of the vanadate tetrahedra. In order to form the elongated square-pyramid that must accompany increasing substitution of Zn by Cu2+, the apical M-O bond length increases and decreases its incident bond valence at M2+. The resulting bond-valence deficit is compensated by shortening of the equatorial M-O bond lengths. The response of the α-Zn2V2O7/β-Cu2V2O7 framework to the strain produced by elongation of the square pyramid involves coupled clockwise and counter clockwise rotations of the (VO4) tetrahedra, accounting for the constant cell volumes and increase and decrease of the a and b lattice constants, respectively. This cooperative response is possible because there are no symmetry restrictions on the rotation of the (VO4) tetrahedra.

  6. Nuclear reactor neutron shielding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Speaker, Daniel P; Neeley, Gary W; Inman, James B

    2017-09-12

    A nuclear reactor includes a reactor pressure vessel and a nuclear reactor core comprising fissile material disposed in a lower portion of the reactor pressure vessel. The lower portion of the reactor pressure vessel is disposed in a reactor cavity. An annular neutron stop is located at an elevation above the uppermost elevation of the nuclear reactor core. The annular neutron stop comprises neutron absorbing material filling an annular gap between the reactor pressure vessel and the wall of the reactor cavity. The annular neutron stop may comprise an outer neutron stop ring attached to the wall of the reactor cavity, and an inner neutron stop ring attached to the reactor pressure vessel. An excore instrument guide tube penetrates through the annular neutron stop, and a neutron plug comprising neutron absorbing material is disposed in the tube at the penetration through the neutron stop.

  7. Congestion based mechanism for route discovery in a V2I-V2V system applying smart devices and IoT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrado, Natalia; Donoso, Yezid

    2015-03-31

    The Internet of Things is a new paradigm in which objects in a specific context can be integrated into traditional communication networks to actively participate in solving a determined problem. The Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) technologies are specific cases of IoT and key enablers for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). V2V and V2I have been widely used to solve different problems associated with transportation in cities, in which the most important is traffic congestion. A high percentage of congestion is usually presented by the inappropriate use of resources in vehicular infrastructure. In addition, the integration of traffic congestion in decision making for vehicular traffic is a challenge due to its high dynamic behavior. In this paper, an optimization model over the load balancing in the congestion percentage of the streets is formulated. Later, we explore a fully congestion-oriented route discovery mechanism and we make a proposal on the communication infrastructure that should support it based on V2I and V2V communication. The mechanism is also compared with a modified Dijkstra's approach that reacts at congestion states. Finally, we compare the results of the efficiency of the vehicle's trip with the efficiency in the use of the capacity of the vehicular network.

  8. Congestion Based Mechanism for Route Discovery in a V2I-V2V System Applying Smart Devices and IoT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Parrado

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is a new paradigm in which objects in a specific context can be integrated into traditional communication networks to actively participate in solving a determined problem. The Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I technologies are specific cases of IoT and key enablers for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS. V2V and V2I have been widely used to solve different problems associated with transportation in cities, in which the most important is traffic congestion. A high percentage of congestion is usually presented by the inappropriate use of resources in vehicular infrastructure. In addition, the integration of traffic congestion in decision making for vehicular traffic is a challenge due to its high dynamic behavior. In this paper, an optimization model over the load balancing in the congestion percentage of the streets is formulated. Later, we explore a fully congestion-oriented route discovery mechanism and we make a proposal on the communication infrastructure that should support it based on V2I and V2V communication. The mechanism is also compared with a modified Dijkstra’s approach that reacts at congestion states. Finally, we compare the results of the efficiency of the vehicle’s trip with the efficiency in the use of the capacity of the vehicular network.

  9. Congestion Based Mechanism for Route Discovery in a V2I-V2V System Applying Smart Devices and IoT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrado, Natalia; Donoso, Yezid

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things is a new paradigm in which objects in a specific context can be integrated into traditional communication networks to actively participate in solving a determined problem. The Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) technologies are specific cases of IoT and key enablers for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). V2V and V2I have been widely used to solve different problems associated with transportation in cities, in which the most important is traffic congestion. A high percentage of congestion is usually presented by the inappropriate use of resources in vehicular infrastructure. In addition, the integration of traffic congestion in decision making for vehicular traffic is a challenge due to its high dynamic behavior. In this paper, an optimization model over the load balancing in the congestion percentage of the streets is formulated. Later, we explore a fully congestion-oriented route discovery mechanism and we make a proposal on the communication infrastructure that should support it based on V2I and V2V communication. The mechanism is also compared with a modified Dijkstra’s approach that reacts at congestion states. Finally, we compare the results of the efficiency of the vehicle’s trip with the efficiency in the use of the capacity of the vehicular network. PMID:25835185

  10. Reactor and method of operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, John A.

    1976-08-10

    A nuclear reactor having a flattened reactor activity curve across the reactor includes fuel extending over a lesser portion of the fuel channels in the central portion of the reactor than in the remainder of the reactor.

  11. TYLCV-Is movement in planta does not require V2 protein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hak, Hagit [Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan (Israel); Department of Biological Chemistry, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel); Levy, Yael; Chandran, Sam A.; Belausov, Eduard [Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan (Israel); Loyter, Abraham [Department of Biological Chemistry, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel); Lapidot, Moshe [Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan (Israel); Gafni, Yedidya, E-mail: ygafni@volcani.agri.gov.il [Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan (Israel)

    2015-03-15

    Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a major tomato pathogen causing extensive crop losses, is a whitefly-transmitted geminivirus. V2 mutants of TYLCV-Is and related viruses tend to induce symptomless infection with attenuated viral DNA levels, while accumulating close to wild-type DNA levels in protoplasts, suggesting V2 as a movement protein. The discovery of plant-silencing mechanisms and viral silencing suppressors, V2 included, led us to reconsider V2's involvement in viral movement. We studied two mutant versions of the virus, one impaired in V2 silencing-suppression activity, and another carrying a non-translatable V2. While both mutant viruses spread in the infected plant to newly emerged leaves at the same rate as the wild-type virus, their DNA-accumulation levels were tenfold lower than in the wild-type virus. Thus, we suggest that the setback in virus proliferation, previously ascribed to a movement impediment, is due to lack of silencing-suppression activity. - Highlights: • TYLCV-Is V2 protein is localized in distinct microbodies throughout the cell cytoplasm, around the nucleus and in association with cytoplasmic strands but is not associated with the plasmodesmata. • Disruption of RNA-silencing suppression activity of TYLCV-Is V2 protein causes low titer of the virus in the infected plants. • The movement of TYLCV-Is in planta does not require a functional V2 protein.

  12. Survival of HCl( v=2) in trapping-desorption from MgO(100)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korolik, M.; Suchan, M. M.; Johnson, M. J.; Arnold, D. W.; Reisler, H.; Wittig, C.

    2000-08-01

    An HCl molecular beam incident on MgO(100) is photoexcited to v=2, J=1 by using a pulsed parametric oscillator. At a translational energy of 0.11 eV, incident HCl is adsorbed. Thermal desorption yields v=2 molecules whose rotational and translational degrees of freedom are equilibrated at the surface temperature. Surface residence times for v=2 might be as long as 1 μs. At 180 K, it is concluded that a large fraction of surface-bound v=2 molecules reenter the gas phase, while at 120 K, deactivation exceeds desorption by an order of magnitude. Deactivation probably takes place at steps.

  13. Improved Low-Temperature Activity of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 for Denitration Using Different Vanadium Precursors

    OpenAIRE

    Lina Gan; Feng Guo; Jian Yu; Guangwen Xu

    2016-01-01

    This work tested two V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts with different vanadium precursors for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of flue gas NO using NH3 at 150–450 °C. While catalyst A was prepared using ammonium metavanadate (NH4VO3) through incipient impregnation, catalyst B was made according to the solvothermal method using vanadyl acetylacetonate (VO(acac)2) as the vanadium precursor. The catalytic evaluation for denitration was in a laboratory fixed bed reactor using simulated flue gas under co...

  14. Zebrafish CaV2.1 Calcium Channels Are Tailored for Fast Synchronous Neuromuscular Transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naranjo, David; Wen, Hua; Brehm, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The CaV2.2 (N-type) and CaV2.1 (P/Q-type) voltage-dependent calcium channels are prevalent throughout the nervous system where they mediate synaptic transmission, but the basis for the selective presence at individual synapses still remains an open question. The CaV2.1 channels have been proposed to respond more effectively to brief action potentials (APs), an idea supported by computational modeling. However, the side-by-side comparison of CaV2.1 and CaV2.2 kinetics in intact neurons failed to reveal differences. As an alternative means for direct functional comparison we expressed zebrafish CaV2.1 and CaV2.2 α-subunits, along with their accessory subunits, in HEK293 cells. HEK cells lack calcium currents, thereby circumventing the need for pharmacological inhibition of mixed calcium channel isoforms present in neurons. HEK cells also have a simplified morphology compared to neurons, which improves voltage control. Our measurements revealed faster kinetics and shallower voltage-dependence of activation and deactivation for CaV2.1. Additionally, recordings of calcium current in response to a command waveform based on the motorneuron AP show, directly, more effective activation of CaV2.1. Analysis of calcium currents associated with the AP waveform indicate an approximately fourfold greater open probability (PO) for CaV2.1. The efficient activation of CaV2.1 channels during APs may contribute to the highly reliable transmission at zebrafish neuromuscular junctions. PMID:25650925

  15. Intracellular activation of vasopressin V2 receptor mutants in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus by nonpeptide agonists.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Robben, J.H.; Kortenoeven, M.L.A.; Sze, M.; Yae, C.; Milligan, G.; Oorschot, V.M.; Klumperman, J.; Knoers, N.V.A.M.; Deen, P.M.T.

    2009-01-01

    Binding of the peptide hormone vasopressin to its type-2 receptor (V2R) in kidney triggers a cAMP-mediated translocation of Aquaporin-2 water channels to the apical membrane, resulting in water reabsorption and thereby preventing dehydration. Mutations in the V2R gene lead to Nephrogenic Diabetes

  16. Mobility Patterns Informing V2X Research Projects: Eco-Routing and Electrified Roadway Project Examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonder, Jeff; Brooker, Aaron; Burton, Evan; Wang, Lijuan; Wood, Eric

    2016-05-19

    Presentation given at an 'Expert Workshop on V2X Enabled Electric Vehicles' hosted at NREL on behalf of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Implementing Agreement for Task 28: Home Grids and V2X Technologies.

  17. Electrochemical Performance of a V2O5 Cathode for a Sodium Ion Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Nghia, Nguyen; Long, Pham Duy; Tan, Ta Anh; Jafian, Samuel; Hung, I.-Ming

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, layered vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is employed as a cathode material for a sodium ion battery. The V2O5 particle sizes range from 200 nm to 500 nm and the shapes of the aggregated V2O5 particles are non-homogeneous and irregular. The material exhibits a first discharge capacity of approximately 208.1 mAh g-1. The structure of V2O5 changes to a NaxV2O5 structure after Na+ insertion at the first discharge; the structure of NaxV2O5 remains stable␣during cycling. After 40 cycles, the discharge capacity retains 61.2% of the capacity of the second cycle. The capacity of V2O5 at a high charge/discharge current rate of 1.0 C is 49.1% of capacity at 0.1 C. Furthermore, the capacity returns to the initial value as the discharge rate returns to 0.1 C. The results of electrochemical performance tests indicate that V2O5 is a potential cathode material for sodium ion batteries.

  18. Transporte de carga em compósitos de polianilina/V2O5 Charge transportation in polyaniline/V2O5 composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fritz Huguenin

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work, composites formed from a mixture of V2O5 and polyaniline (PANI were investigated, for applications as cathode materials for secondary lithium batteries. Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM data show that charge compensation in the [PANI]0.3V2O5 nanocomposite is achieved predominantly by Li+ migration. However, the charge compensation in the [PANI]V2O5 microcomposite occurs by Li+ and ClO4- transport. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS measurements reveal several benefits of nanohybrid formation, including the achievement of shorter ionic diffusion pathways, the higher diffusion rate of the lithium ion and also the higher electronic conductivity, which are responsible for a synergetic effect of the energy storage properties.

  19. 功能安全通信行规PROFIsafe V2.0的介绍%PROFIsafe V2.0 Profile for Functional Safety Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春喜; 欧阳劲松

    2006-01-01

    由PNO发布的最新版PROFIsafe安全行规(V2.0)描述了安全外围设备和安全控制器间的通信.它是对标准Profibus-DP和Profinet IO的补充技术,用于减少安全控制器和安全设备间数据传输的失效率和错误率,以达到或超过相关标准要求等级.通过介绍新版PROFIsafe安全行规(V2.0)特殊的操作模式、安全通信原理、通信特征和通信结构,说明PROFIsafe V2.0安全通信技术的技术先进性和适用广泛性.

  20. Genomic organization and sequence analysis of the vomeronasal receptor V2R genes in mouse genome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Hui; Zhang YaPing

    2007-01-01

    Two multigene superfamilies, named V1R and V2R, encoding seven-transmembrane-domain G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been identified as pheromone receptors in mammals. Three V2R gene families have been described in mouse and rat. Here we screened the updated mouse genome sequence database and finally retrieved 63 putative functional V2R genes including three newly identified genes which formed a new additional family. We described the genomic organization of these genes and also characterized the conservation of mouse V2R protein sequences. These genomic and sequence information we described are useful as part of the evidence to speculate the functional domain of V2Rs and should give aid to the functionality study in the future.

  1. Beam Tracking in Switched-Beam Antenna System for V2V Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Settawit Poochaya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the proposed switched beam antenna system for V2V communication including optimum antenna half power beamwidth determination in urban road environments. SQP optimization method is selected for the computation of optimum antenna half power beamwidth. In addition, beam tracking algorithm is applied to guarantee the best beam selection with maximum RSSI. The results present the success of the proposed system with the increasing of V2V performance metrics. Also, V2V data dissemination via the proposed system introduces the enhancement of V2V link in terms of RSSI, PER, BER, Tsafe, and Rsafe. The results indicate the improvement of V2V link reliability. Consequently, the road safety is improved.

  2. 26 CFR 31.3121(v)(2)-1 - Treatment of amounts deferred under certain nonqualified deferred compensation plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... nonqualified deferred compensation plans. 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Section 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL... (Chapter 21, Internal Revenue Code of 1954) General Provisions § 31.3121(v)(2)-1 Treatment of amounts... under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan within the meaning of section 3121(v)(2) and this...

  3. Electrochromic Properties of Sol-gel Deposited V2O5 and TiO2-V2O5 Binary Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Transparent mixed phase (1 - x)V2O5-xTiO2 (x=0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4) thin films were prepared on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass via sol-gel process. The films were characterized by cyclic voltammetry, optical spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, IR and X-ray diffractometer.Electrochemical lithium insertion/extraction showed that the porous structure of sol-gel (1 -x)V2.O5-xTiO2 thin films exhibited good recharge ability of Li+/e- insertion/extraction process.For a 220 nm thick (1 - x)V2O5-xTiO2 film with 90% V2O5, the capacity of charge exchange reached 9 mC/cm2. In both Li+ intercalated and free states, the films were highly transparent to visible light. Such films have potential applications in counter electrodes for electrochromic smart windows and other electrochemical devices.

  4. Tyrosine-sulfated V2 peptides inhibit HIV-1 infection via coreceptor mimicry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaello Cimbro

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Tyrosine sulfation is a post-translational modification that facilitates protein-protein interaction. Two sulfated tyrosines (Tys173 and Tys177 were recently identified within the second variable (V2 loop of the major HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein, gp120, and shown to contribute to stabilizing the intramolecular interaction between V2 and the third variable (V3 loop. Here, we report that tyrosine-sulfated peptides derived from V2 act as structural and functional mimics of the CCR5 N-terminus and potently block HIV-1 infection. Nuclear magnetic and surface plasmon resonance analyses indicate that a tyrosine-sulfated V2 peptide (pV2α-Tys adopts a CCR5-like helical conformation and directly interacts with gp120 in a CD4-dependent fashion, competing with a CCR5 N-terminal peptide. Sulfated V2 mimics, but not their non-sulfated counterparts, inhibit HIV-1 entry and fusion by preventing coreceptor utilization, with the highly conserved C-terminal sulfotyrosine, Tys177, playing a dominant role. Unlike CCR5 N-terminal peptides, V2 mimics inhibit a broad range of HIV-1 strains irrespective of their coreceptor tropism, highlighting the overall structural conservation of the coreceptor-binding site in gp120. These results document the use of receptor mimicry by a retrovirus to occlude a key neutralization target site and provide leads for the design of therapeutic strategies against HIV-1.

  5. Reactor Physics Programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Raedt, C

    2000-07-01

    The Reactor Physics and Department of SCK-CEN offers expertise in various areas of reactor physics, in particular in neutronics calculations, reactor dosimetry, reactor operation, reactor safety and control and non-destructive analysis on reactor fuel. This expertise is applied within the Reactor Physics and MYRRHA Research Department's own research projects in the VENUS critical facility, in the BR1 reactor and in the MYRRHA project (this project aims at designing a prototype Accelerator Driven System). Available expertise is also used in programmes external to the Department such as the reactor pressure steel vessel programme, the BR2 reactor dosimetry, and the preparation and interpretation of irradiation experiments. Progress and achievements in 1999 in the following areas are reported on: (1) investigations on the use of military plutonium in commercial power reactors; (2) neutron and gamma calculations performed for BR-2 and for other reactors; (3) the updating of neutron and gamma cross-section libraries; (4) the implementation of reactor codes; (6) the management of the UNIX workstations; and (6) fuel cycle studies.

  6. Visible light photocatalytic property of Zn doped V2O5 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh, R.; Giribabu, K.; Vijayalakshmi, L.; Stephen, A.; Narayanan, V.

    2012-06-01

    The Zn doped V2O5 nanoparticles were synthesized by thermal decomposition method. The prepared samples were characterized by various techniques like Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies, UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The photocatalytic activities of pure and Zn doped V2O5 nanoparticles were examined based on the photodegradation of Rhodamine B (RhB). Experimental results indicated that the Zn doped V2O5 photocatalyst (the molar ratio of V to Zn is 99: 1) exhibited maximum photocatalytic activity.

  7. Attrition reactor system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Charles D.; Davison, Brian H.

    1993-01-01

    A reactor vessel for reacting a solid particulate with a liquid reactant has a centrifugal pump in circulatory flow communication with the reactor vessel for providing particulate attrition, resulting in additional fresh surface where the reaction can occur.

  8. Pyridine-H5PMo10V2O40 hybrid catalysts for liquid-phase hydroxylation of benzene to phenol with molecular oxygen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Pyridine(Py)-modified Keggin-type vanadium-substituted heteropoly acids(PynPMo10V2O40,n=1 to 5) were prepared by a precipitation method as organic/inorganic hybrid catalysts for direct hydroxylation of benzene to phenol in a pressured batch reactor and their structures were detected by FT-IR.Among various catalysts,Py3PMo10V2O40 exhibits the highest catalytic activity(yield of phenol,11.5%),without observing the formation of catechol,hydroquinone and benzoquinone in the reaction with 80 vol% aqueous acetic acid,molecular oxygen and ascorbic acid used as the solvent,oxidant and reducing reagent,respectively.Influences of reaction temperature,reaction time,oxygen pressure,amount of ascorbic acid and catalyst on yield of phenol were investigated to obtain the optimal reaction conditions for phenol formation.Pyridine can greatly promote the catalytic activity of the Py-free catalyst(H5PMo10V2O40),mostly because the organic π electrons in the hybrid catalyst may extend their conjugation to the inorganic framework of heteropoly acid and dramatically modify the redox properties,at the same time,pyridine adsorbed on heteropoly acids can promote the effect of "pseudo-liquid phase",thus accounting for the enhancement of phenol yield.

  9. Pyridine-H5PMo10V2O40 hybrid catalysts for liquid-phase hydroxylation of benzene to phenol with molecular oxygen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE HanQing; LENG Yan; ZHANG FuMin; PIAO JiaRui; ZHOU ChangJiang; WANG Jun

    2009-01-01

    Pyridine(Py)-modified Keggin-type vanadium-substituted heteropoly acids (PynPMo10V2O40,n=1 to 5) were prepared by a precipitation method as organic/inorganic hybrid catalysts for direct hydroxylation of benzene to phenol in a pressured batch reactor and their structures were detected by FT-IR.Among various catalysts,Py3PMo10V2O40 exhibits the highest catalytic activity (yield of phenol,11.5%),without observing the formation of catechol,hydroquinone and benzoquinone in the reaction with 80 vol% aqueous acetic acid,molecular oxygen and ascorbic acid used as the solvent,oxidant and reducing reagent,respectively.Influences of reaction temperature,reaction time,oxygen pressure,amount of ascorbic acid and catalyst on yield of phenol were investigated to obtain the optimal reaction conditions for phenol formation.Pyridine can greatly promote the catalytic activity of the Py-free catalyst (H5PMo10V2O40),mostly because the organic π electrons in the hybrid catalyst may extend their conjugation to the inorganic framework of heteropoly acid and dramatically modify the redox properties,at the same time,pyridine adsorbed on heteropoly acids can promote the effect of "pseudo-liquid phase",thus accounting for the enhancement of phenol yield.

  10. Studies on Nitrogen Oxides Removal Using Plasma Assisted Catalytic Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V. Ravi; Young Sun Mok; B. S. Rajanikanth; Ho-Chul Kang

    2003-01-01

    An electric discharge plasma reactor combined with a catalytic reactor was studied for removing nitrogen oxides. To understand the combined process thoroughly, discharge plasma and catalytic process were separately studied first, and then the two processes were combined for the study. The plasma reactor was able to oxidize NO to NO2 well although the oxidation rate decreased with temperature. The plasma reactor alone did not reduce the NOx (NO+NO2)level effectively, but the increase in the ratio of NO2 to NO as a result of plasma discharge led to the enhancement of NOx removal efficiency even at lower temperatures over the catalyst surface (V2O5-WOa/TiO2). At a gas temperature of 100℃, the NOx removal efficiency obtained using the combined plasma catalytic process was 88% for an energy input of 36 eV/molecule or 30 J/1.

  11. LMFBR type reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawakami, Hiroto

    1995-02-07

    A reactor container of the present invention has a structure that the reactor container is entirely at the same temperature as that at the inlet of the reactor and, a hot pool is incorporated therein, and the reactor container has is entirely at the same temperature and has substantially uniform temperature follow-up property transiently. Namely, if the temperature at the inlet of the reactor core changes, the temperature of the entire reactor container changes following this change, but no great temperature gradient is caused in the axial direction and no great heat stresses due to axial temperature distribution is caused. Occurrence of thermal stresses caused by the axial temperature distribution can be suppressed to improve the reliability of the reactor container. In addition, since the laying of the reactor inlet pipelines over the inside of the reactor is eliminated, the reactor container is made compact and the heat shielding structures above the reactor and a protection structure of container walls are simplified. Further, secondary coolants are filled to the outside of the reactor container to simplify the shieldings. The combined effects described above can improve economical property and reliability. (N.H.).

  12. Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) for Space Habitation and Exploration Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The “Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) for Space Habitation and Exploration” is a visionary system concept that will revolutionize space...

  13. Synthesis, Spectral Characterization, and Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of PANI/V2O5 Nanocomposites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chakradhar Sridhar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with the synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline vanadium pentoxide (V2O5 nanoparticles and their antibacterial and antifungal activity on Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus niger, respectively, by agar diffusion method. The metal oxide has been synthesized by employing the sol-gel method, polyaniline (PANI has been synthesized by chemical oxidation, and PANI/V2O5 composites have been synthesized by in situ polymerization method with different ratios (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 weight% of V2O5 in PANI. The newly prepared composites were characterized by FTIR and powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD techniques and are found to be formed of PANI/V2O5 nanocomposites, and also the compounds showed moderate antibacterial and antifungal activity.

  14. Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) for Space Habitation and Exploration Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) is a specialized spacesuit designed to keep astronauts healthy during long-duration space exploration missions and...

  15. Nonsewered population in the United States Pacific Northwest for 2002 summarized for NHDPlus v2 catchments

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This spatial data set was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to represent the population within each incremental watershed delineated in the NHDPlus v2...

  16. Angular resolved XPS applied to V 2O 5-based catalysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devriendt, K.; Poelman, H.; Fiermans, L.; Creten, G.; Froment, G. F.

    1996-05-01

    Two applications of angular dependent XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) experiments, performed with a Perkin Elmer Phi 5500 ESCA system in the framework of a monolayer catalyst research project, are illustrated. XPFS (X-ray photoelectron forward scattering) measurements were used to show the oxygen removal at the surface of catalytically reduced V 2O 5(001) pellets, in comparison with pure V 2O 5. ARXPS (angle resolved XPS) polar scans were taken from a model catalyst system (TiO 2 anatase supported V 2O 5 layers) in order to determine their components and the chemical state of the system. With the use of the statistical technique MLCFA (maximum likelihood common factor analysis), different overlapping components in the V and Ti photoemission peaks were separated, pointing towards the existence of a VTiO bonding at the {V2O5}/{TiO2} interface.

  17. WP5 Evaluation: D54-D55 Evaluation Results V2 (V3)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Rosmalen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Van Rosmalen, P. (2010, 19 May). WP5 Evaluation: D54-D55 Evaluation Results V2 (V3). Presentation at idSpace Final Review, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open University of the Netherlands. idSpace-project.

  18. A model of the response of visual area V2 to combinations of orientations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plebe, Alessio

    2012-01-01

    The role of the V2 area in visual processing is still almost entirely unexplored. Recently, several studies revealed the tuning of V2 neurons in the macaque to stimuli consisting of two segments with different orientations. By measuring orientation tuning inside subunits of the overall receptive field, units with non uniform orientation selectivity have been found. In this work, the emergence of a computational organization supporting similar responses is explored, using an artificial model of cortical maps. This model, called LISSOM (Laterally Interconnected Synergetically Self-Organizing Map) includes excitatory and inhibitory lateral connections. In this simulation two LISSOM maps are arranged as V1 and V2 areas. In the first area, the classical domains of orientation selectivity develop, while in V2 most neurons become sensitive to pairs of orientations. The overall activation of these units depend on the presence of oriented segments at a finer grain than the whole receptive fields, with complex nonlinear interactions.

  19. Structure of recombinant Ves v 2 at 2.0 Angstrom resolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Lars K; Seppälä, Ulla; Coen, Jeremy J F;

    2006-01-01

    cavity near the active site is involved in binding of the substrate. Surface epitopes and putative glycosylation sites have been compared with those of two other major group 2 allergens from Apis mellifera (honeybee) and Dolichovespula maculata (white-faced hornet). The analysis suggests...... that the harboured allergic IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between Ves v 2 and the allergen from D. maculata is much higher than that between Ves v 2 and the allergen from A. mellifera....

  20. Enhancing V2X Communication Based on a New Comb-Pilot Estimation Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymen Sassi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V and Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I communication systems, known as V2X technologies, have increasingly attracted attention in current research on road safety and traffic ergonomics. The performance evaluation of these communication systems is an important step before their potential integration and use in real systems. V2X communications are based on the IEEE 802.11p standard also known as Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE. V2X can affect human life; therefore a deep study related to V2X performance evaluation should be done in order to be sure about the system reliability. In this context, we have elaborated a deep study related to the effect of transmission range on V2X communications by considering the terminal mobility. First, we have evaluated the performance of the PHY layer on the IEEE 802.11p using simulation. Secondly, we have conducted real case measurements using the Arada LocoMate Transmission system. The obtained results shows the necessity to optimize the quality of transmission in V2X communications. Consequently, we propose in this paper a new comb-pilot technique to enhance the quality of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM transmission. Our proposal consists in two new uses of the pilot subcarrier estimation technique in order to decrease the elevated bit error rate (BER. The quality of transmission (QoT is first evaluated relating to the pilot symbol rearranged positions. Second, we proposed to optimize the QoT by adding two supplementary pilot symbols as it can offer better channel estimation results. Based on the performance evaluation of our proposal, it is confirmed that both of rearrangement and the adding of the pilot patterns lead to performance enhancement compared to baseline model (standardized one.

  1. Characterization of luminescence properties of V2O5-capped ZnSe nanowires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunsu; Jin, Changhyun; Lee, Chongmu

    2011-08-01

    ZnSe-core/V2O5-shell nanowires were synthesized by the thermal evaporation of ZnSe powders on gold-coated Si (100) substrates followed by the sputter depositon of V2O5. Scanning electron microscopic images showed that the core-shell nanowires were a few tens to a few hundreds of nanometers in diameter and a few hundreds of micrometers in length. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the core and shell of the core-shell nanowires were single crystal wurtzite-structured ZnSe and amorphous V2O5, respectively. Photoluminescence measurement showed that the core-shell nanowires as-synthesized or annealed in an oxidative atmosphere had a green emission band centered at around 520 nm whereas the as-synthesized ZnSe nanowires and the ZnSe-core/V2O5-shell nanowires annealed in a reducing atmosphere had a yellow emission band centered at around 590 nm. Our results also showed that V2O5 capping with an optimal thickness and subsequent annealing in a reducing atmosphere could significantly enhance the emission intensity of the ZnSe nanowires. In addition, the origins of the enhancement in intensity and the blue shift of the major emission by V2O5 capping are discussed.

  2. Light water reactor safety

    CERN Document Server

    Pershagen, B

    2013-01-01

    This book describes the principles and practices of reactor safety as applied to the design, regulation and operation of light water reactors, combining a historical approach with an up-to-date account of the safety, technology and operating experience of both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The introductory chapters set out the basic facts upon which the safety of light water reactors depend. The central section is devoted to the methods and results of safety analysis. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl are reviewed and their implications for light wate

  3. Nuclear reactor physics

    CERN Document Server

    Stacey, Weston M

    2010-01-01

    Nuclear reactor physics is the core discipline of nuclear engineering. Nuclear reactors now account for a significant portion of the electrical power generated worldwide, and new power reactors with improved fuel cycles are being developed. At the same time, the past few decades have seen an ever-increasing number of industrial, medical, military, and research applications for nuclear reactors. The second edition of this successful comprehensive textbook and reference on basic and advanced nuclear reactor physics has been completely updated, revised and enlarged to include the latest developme

  4. Expression and function of K(V)2-containing channels in human urinary bladder smooth muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hristov, Kiril L; Chen, Muyan; Afeli, Serge A Y; Cheng, Qiuping; Rovner, Eric S; Petkov, Georgi V

    2012-06-01

    The functional role of the voltage-gated K(+) (K(V)) channels in human detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) is largely unexplored. Here, we provide molecular, electrophysiological, and functional evidence for the expression of K(V)2.1, K(V)2.2, and the electrically silent K(V)9.3 subunits in human DSM. Stromatoxin-1 (ScTx1), a selective inhibitor of K(V)2.1, K(V)2.2, and K(V)4.2 homotetrameric channels and of K(V)2.1/9.3 heterotetrameric channels, was used to examine the role of these channels in human DSM function. Human DSM tissues were obtained during open bladder surgeries from patients without a history of overactive bladder. Freshly isolated human DSM cells were studied using RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry, live-cell Ca(2+) imaging, and the perforated whole cell patch-clamp technique. Isometric DSM tension recordings of human DSM isolated strips were conducted using tissue baths. RT-PCR experiments showed mRNA expression of K(V)2.1, K(V)2.2, and K(V)9.3 (but not K(V)4.2) channel subunits in human isolated DSM cells. K(V)2.1 and K(V)2.2 protein expression was confirmed by Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. Perforated whole cell patch-clamp experiments revealed that ScTx1 (100 nM) inhibited the amplitude of the voltage step-induced K(V) current in freshly isolated human DSM cells. ScTx1 (100 nM) significantly increased the intracellular Ca(2+) level in DSM cells. In human DSM isolated strips, ScTx1 (100 nM) increased the spontaneous phasic contraction amplitude and muscle force, and enhanced the amplitude of the electrical field stimulation-induced contractions within the range of 3.5-30 Hz stimulation frequencies. These findings reveal that ScTx1-sensitive K(V)2-containing channels are key regulators of human DSM excitability and contractility and may represent new targets for pharmacological or genetic intervention for bladder dysfunction.

  5. Spinning fluids reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jan D; Hupka, Jan; Aranowski, Robert

    2012-11-20

    A spinning fluids reactor, includes a reactor body (24) having a circular cross-section and a fluid contactor screen (26) within the reactor body (24). The fluid contactor screen (26) having a plurality of apertures and a circular cross-section concentric with the reactor body (24) for a length thus forming an inner volume (28) bound by the fluid contactor screen (26) and an outer volume (30) bound by the reactor body (24) and the fluid contactor screen (26). A primary inlet (20) can be operatively connected to the reactor body (24) and can be configured to produce flow-through first spinning flow of a first fluid within the inner volume (28). A secondary inlet (22) can similarly be operatively connected to the reactor body (24) and can be configured to produce a second flow of a second fluid within the outer volume (30) which is optionally spinning.

  6. Reactor Vessel Surveillance Program for Advanced Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeong, Kyeong-Hoon; Kim, Tae-Wan; Lee, Gyu-Mahn; Kim, Jong-Wook; Park, Keun-Bae; Kim, Keung-Koo

    2008-10-15

    This report provides the design requirements of an integral type reactor vessel surveillance program for an integral type reactor in accordance with the requirements of Korean MEST (Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Development) Notice 2008-18. This report covers the requirements for the design of surveillance capsule assemblies including their test specimens, test block materials, handling tools, and monitors of the surveillance capsule neutron fluence and temperature. In addition, this report provides design requirements for the program for irradiation surveillance of reactor vessel materials, a layout of specimens and monitors in the surveillance capsule, procedures of installation and retrieval of the surveillance capsule assemblies, and the layout of the surveillance capsule assemblies in the reactor.

  7. Chx10 Consolidates V2a Interneuron Identity through Two Distinct Gene Repression Modes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clovis, Yoanne M; Seo, So Yeon; Kwon, Ji-Sun; Rhee, Jennifer C; Yeo, Sujeong; Lee, Jae W; Lee, Seunghee; Lee, Soo-Kyung

    2016-08-09

    During development, two cell types born from closely related progenitor pools often express identical transcriptional regulators despite their completely distinct characteristics. This phenomenon implies the need for a mechanism that operates to segregate the identities of the two cell types throughout differentiation after initial fate commitment. To understand this mechanism, we investigated the fate specification of spinal V2a interneurons, which share important developmental genes with motor neurons (MNs). We demonstrate that the paired homeodomain factor Chx10 functions as a critical determinant for V2a fate and is required to consolidate V2a identity in postmitotic neurons. Chx10 actively promotes V2a fate, downstream of the LIM-homeodomain factor Lhx3, while concomitantly suppressing the MN developmental program by preventing the MN-specific transcription complex from binding and activating MN genes. This dual activity enables Chx10 to effectively separate the V2a and MN pathways. Our study uncovers a widely applicable gene regulatory principle for segregating related cell fates.

  8. Ionic liquid intercalated V2O5 nanorods: synthesis and characterization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Manjunath; V D’Souza; J Dupont; T Ramakrishnappa; G Nagaraju

    2015-09-01

    In this work, ionic liquid (IL) intercalated V2O5 (IL-V2O5) nanorods have been synthesized through the IL-assisted hydrothermal method using imidazolium-based functionalized IL at 130°C for 3 days. The structure and morphology of the obtained product was characterized using various techniques. X-ray diffraction pattern reveals the intercalation of IL at 2 = 7° in orthorhombic V2O5. The Fourier transform infrared spectrum shows a band at 1044 cm–1, which could be assigned to stretching vibration of terminal vanadyl (V=O), sensitive to cation intercalation between vanadium oxide layers. UV–vis absorption spectrum of IL-V2O5 nanorods and calcined V2O5 nanoparticles show a maximum absorbance at 402 and 420 nm, respectively. The morphology of the product was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and transition electron microscopy (TEM). TEM analysis reveals the nanorods with thickness of 30–50 nm.

  9. Fabrication of V2O5 with various morphologies for high-performance electrochemical capacitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yifu; Zheng, Jiqi; Zhao, Yunfeng; Hu, Tao; Gao, Zhanming; Meng, Changgong

    2016-07-01

    Three types of V2O5 structures including nanobelts, nanoparticles and microspheres were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal route and combination of calcination. The morphology of the sample depends on the quantity of oxalic acid used in the experiments. V2O5 nanobelts, nanoparticles and microspheres were respectively obtained when 0.63, 1.89 and 3.78 g of oxalic acid were used. The composition, morphology and structure of the samples were characterized by XRD, IR, SEM and TEM, respectively. The electrochemical properties of V2O5 nanobelts, nanoparticles and microspheres as electrodes in a supercapacitor device were measured using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD). The electrochemical results indicate that V2O5 microspheres lead to a significant improvement of storage capacity and they show the largest specific capacitance of 308 F g-1 when used as supercapacitor electrode in 1 mol L-1 LiNO3 electrolyte. It turns out that V2O5 microsphere is an ideal material compared with other morphologies for supercapacitor electrode in the present work.

  10. Tribological Characterization of NiAl Self-Lubricating Composites Containing V2O5 Nanowires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yuchun; Ibrahim, Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud; Shi, Xiaoliang; Radwan, Amr Rady; Zhai, Wenzheng; Yang, Kang; Xue, Bing

    2016-11-01

    In order to improve the tribological properties of NiAl self-lubricating composites, V2O5 nanowires with average width of 39 nm were synthesized by hydrothermal method. Furthermore, NiAl self-lubricating composites containing V2O5 nanowires (NAV) were successfully fabricated using spark plasma sintering technique. The tribological characteristics and wear mechanisms of NAV were evaluated at different sliding speeds, counterface ball materials and elevated temperatures. The results revealed that the frictional properties of NAV improved slightly with adding V2O5 nanowires at room temperature if compared to NiAl self-lubricating composites without solid lubricant as investigated in previous studies, while the wear mechanisms of NAV change widely with the change of the counterface ball materials and sliding velocities. V2O5 nanowires showed a beneficial effect on tribological performance of NAV at high temperatures owing to the formation of the V2O5-enriched glaze film at temperatures above 700 °C, which acts as the lubricous and protective mask against the severe wear.

  11. Concurrent validity of the Microsoft Kinect for Windows v2 for measuring spatiotemporal gait parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolatabadi, Elham; Taati, Babak; Mihailidis, Alex

    2016-09-01

    This paper presents a study to evaluate the concurrent validity of the Microsoft Kinect for Windows v2 for measuring the spatiotemporal parameters of gait. Twenty healthy adults performed several sequences of walks across a GAITRite mat under three different conditions: usual pace, fast pace, and dual task. Each walking sequence was simultaneously captured with two Kinect for Windows v2 and the GAITRite system. An automated algorithm was employed to extract various spatiotemporal features including stance time, step length, step time and gait velocity from the recorded Kinect v2 sequences. Accuracy in terms of reliability, concurrent validity and limits of agreement was examined for each gait feature under different walking conditions. The 95% Bland-Altman limits of agreement were narrow enough for the Kinect v2 to be a valid tool for measuring all reported spatiotemporal parameters of gait in all three conditions. An excellent intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC2, 1) ranging from 0.9 to 0.98 was observed for all gait measures across different walking conditions. The inter trial reliability of all gait parameters were shown to be strong for all walking types (ICC3, 1 > 0.73). The results of this study suggest that the Kinect for Windows v2 has the capacity to measure selected spatiotemporal gait parameters for healthy adults.

  12. Enhanced photoelectrochemical activity by nanostructured V2O5/TiO2 bilayer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumtaz, Asad; Mohamed, Norani Muti; Saheed, Mohamed Shuaib Mohamed; Yar, Asfand; Irshad, Muhammad Imran

    2016-11-01

    Hydrogen production by splitting of water using solar means is a renewable alternative and is a need of the hour. The generation of hydrogen is studied using nanostructured V2O5/TiO2 bilayer photoctatalyst synthesized by two different methods. The solution deposition followed by annealing and flame oxidized methods are applied to deposit the nanostructured V2O5 onto TiO2 nanorod arrays. These two methods are compared and studied using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron energy loss spectrum and photoelectrochemical study. The morphological study provides the optimized surface area of the TiO2 nanorod arrays. It shows that 0.45 mL tetra butyl titanate at 180C shows the improved surface area. It also differentiates the 3D network as morphology of nanostructured V2O5/TiO2 bilayer photoctatalyst synthesized by flame oxidation method. Electron energy loss spectrum confirms the presence of respective elemental states of V2O5/TiO2 bilayer photoctatalyst. Photoelectrochemical studies show the photocurrent density of 7.89µA/cm2 at 0 V vs Ag/AgCl using flame oxidized nanostructured V2O5/TiO2 nanorod arrays. This study explores the potential of flame oxidized synthesis of nanostructured photocatalysts.

  13. Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Tellurium Vanadate (Te2V2O9)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadhu, Sai Pavan Prashanth; Shet, Tukaram; Abhijit, B. K.; Pradhan, Akash; Molli, Muralikrishna; Sai Muthukumar, V.; Varma, K. B. R.

    2017-07-01

    We report here the structure property correlation of Tellurium Vanadate (Te2V2O9) through various optical and vibrational spectroscopic investigations. Pure phase polycrystalline powder of Te2V2O9 was prepared by solid state reaction technique. Phase purity of the sample was confirmed by Powder X-Ray diffraction and the microstructural investigation was analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy. Raman microscopy was employed to validate the molecular structure. Diffused Reflectance and Photoluminescence spectroscopy were employed to study the optical properties. Because of non-centrosymmetry, we also observed second harmonic generation in tellurium vanadate. Subsequently, third order nonlinear optical response of Te2V2O9 was probed using open-aperture Z-scan technique estimating the nonlinear absorption coefficient to be 1e-10 mW-1. The mechanism of nonlinear absorption was deduced to be a two-photon absorption process. This was ascertained through existence of excited states predicted from electronic structure of Te2V2O9 using Density Functional Theory. It is also noteworthy to highlight that Te2V2O9 possess higher nonlinear optical coefficient than other vanadate compounds reported in literature.

  14. 应用于V2G的AC/DC矩阵变换器%AC/DC Matrix Converters for V2G Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉; 粟梅; 孙尧; 李幸; 韩华; 张关关

    2013-01-01

    Due to the problems of battery voltage adaptation and power-volume ratio and system efficiency of the pulse width modulation (PWM) voltage source rectifier (VSR)in vehicle to grid (V2G) systems,this paper presents a solution based on AC/DC matrix converter topology for the V2G Against the characteristic of relatively large charging current ripple in the classical current space vector modulation strategy,a sectional optimized modulation strategy that can reduce the charging current ripple within the whole output range was proposed.The comparative analysis was made between the classical current space vector modulation strategy and the proposed strategy.The simulation and experimental results demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed sectional optimized modulation strategy.%由于当前V2G系统中普遍采用的电压型脉宽调制(pulse width modulation,PWM)整流方案中所存在的蓄电池电压匹配、功率体积比及系统效率问题,提出一种采用AC/DC矩阵变换器的解决方案.针对经典电流空间矢量调制策略中充电电流纹波较大的缺点,提出一种在全输出范围内减小充电电流纹波的分段优化调制策略,并深入对比分析这两种调制策略下充电电流纹波的大小.仿真和实验结果表明,所提分段优化调制策略的正确性和可行性.

  15. Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy associated with CYP4V2 gene mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Makoto; Lin, Jian; Nishiguchi, Koji; Kondo, Mineo; Sugita, Jiro; Miyake, Yozo

    2006-01-01

    Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive chorioretinal dystrophy characterized by progressive night blindness, tiny, yellowish, glistening retinal crystals, choroidal sclerosis, and crystalline deposits in the peripheral cornea. Recent studies have demonstrated that the CYP4V2 gene which encodes a CYP450 family protein is the causative gene of the disease. We have identified a homozygous mutation in the CYP4V2 gene in 8 separate Japanese patients with BCD and conclude that mutations in the CYP4V2 gene are the major cause of BCD. The IVS6-8_c.810del/insGC mutation is found at a higher frequency in the Asian populations suggesting a founder effect.

  16. Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy is caused by mutations in the novel gene CYP4V2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Anren; Jiao, Xiaodong; Munier, Francis L; Schorderet, Daniel F; Yao, Wenliang; Iwata, Fumino; Hayakawa, Mutsuko; Kanai, Atsushi; Shy Chen, Muh; Alan Lewis, Richard; Heckenlively, John; Weleber, Richard G; Traboulsi, Elias I; Zhang, Qingjiong; Xiao, Xueshan; Kaiser-Kupfer, Muriel; Sergeev, Yuri V; Hejtmancik, J Fielding

    2004-05-01

    Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive retinal dystrophy characterized by multiple glistening intraretinal crystals scattered over the fundus, a characteristic degeneration of the retina, and sclerosis of the choroidal vessels, ultimately resulting in progressive night blindness and constriction of the visual field. The BCD region of chromosome 4q35.1 was refined to an interval flanked centromerically by D4S2924 by linkage and haplotype analysis; mutations were found in the novel CYP450 family member CYP4V2 in 23 of 25 unrelated patients with BCD tested. The CYP4V2 gene, transcribed from 11 exons spanning 19 kb, is expressed widely. Homology to other CYP450 proteins suggests that CYP4V2 may have a role in fatty acid and steroid metabolism, consistent with biochemical studies of patients with BCD.

  17. Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Substituted Desloratadines as Potent Arginine Vasopressin V2 Receptor Antagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuai Mu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-one non-peptide substituted desloratadine class compounds were synthesized as novel arginine vasopressin receptor antagonists from desloratadine via successive acylation, reduction and acylation reactions. Their structures were characterized by 1H-NMR and HRMS, their biological activity was evaluated by in vitro and in vivo studies. The in vitro binding assay and cAMP accumulation assay indicated that these compounds are potent selective V2 receptor antagonists. Among them compounds 1n, 1t and 1v exhibited both high affinity and promising selectivity for V2 receptors. The in vivo diuretic assay demonstrated that 1t presented remarkable diuretic activity. In conclusion, 1t is a potent novel AVP V2 receptor antagonist candidate.

  18. Correlating Lithium Hydroxyl Accumulation with Capacity Retention in V2O5 Aerogel Cathodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wangoh, Linda W; Huang, Yiqing; Jezorek, Ryan L; Kehoe, Aoife B; Watson, Graeme W; Omenya, Fredrick; Quackenbush, Nicholas F; Chernova, Natasha A; Whittingham, M Stanley; Piper, Louis F J

    2016-05-11

    V2O5 aerogels are capable of reversibly intercalating more than 5 Li(+)/V2O5 but suffer from lifetime issues due to their poor capacity retention upon cycling. We employed a range of material characterization and electrochemical techniques along with atomic pair distribution function, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and density functional theory to determine the origin of the capacity fading in V2O5 aerogel cathodes. In addition to the expected vanadium redox due to intercalation, we observed LiOH species that formed upon discharge and were only partially removed after charging, resulting in an accumulation of electrochemically inactive LiOH over each cycle. Our results indicate that the tightly bound water that is necessary for maintaining the aerogel structure is also inherently responsible for the capacity fade.

  19. Synthesis and Characterization of Ag-Modified V2O5 Photocatalytic Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Alicia Solis-Casados

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available V2O5 powders modified with different theoretical silver contents (1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 wt% as Ag2O were obtained with acicular morphologies observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Shcherbinaite crystalline phase is transformed into the Ag0.33V2O5 crystalline one with the incorporation and increase in silver content as was suggested by X-ray diffraction (XRD and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS analysis. With further increase in silver contents the Ag2O phase appears. Catalysts were active in photocatalytic degradation of malachite green dye under simulated solar light, which is one of the most remarkable facts of this work. It was found that V2O5-20Ag was the most active catalytic formulation and its activity was attributed to the mixture of coupled semiconductors that promotes the slight decrease in the rate of the electron-hole pair recombination.

  20. SNTP program reactor design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Lewis A.; Sapyta, Joseph J.

    1993-06-01

    The Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) program is evaluating the feasibility of a particle bed reactor for a high-performance nuclear thermal rocket engine. Reactors operating between 500 MW and 2,000 MW will produce engine thrusts ranging from 20,000 pounds to 80,000 pounds. The optimum reactor arrangement depends on the power level desired and the intended application. The key components of the reactor have been developed and are being tested. Flow-to-power matching considerations dominate the thermal-hydraulic design of the reactor. Optimal propellant management during decay heat cooling requires a three-pronged approach. Adequate computational methods exist to perform the neutronics analysis of the reactor core. These methods have been benchmarked to critical experiment data.

  1. Hybrid reactors. [Fuel cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moir, R.W.

    1980-09-09

    The rationale for hybrid fusion-fission reactors is the production of fissile fuel for fission reactors. A new class of reactor, the fission-suppressed hybrid promises unusually good safety features as well as the ability to support 25 light-water reactors of the same nuclear power rating, or even more high-conversion-ratio reactors such as the heavy-water type. One 4000-MW nuclear hybrid can produce 7200 kg of /sup 233/U per year. To obtain good economics, injector efficiency times plasma gain (eta/sub i/Q) should be greater than 2, the wall load should be greater than 1 MW.m/sup -2/, and the hybrid should cost less than 6 times the cost of a light-water reactor. Introduction rates for the fission-suppressed hybrid are usually rapid.

  2. Fast Spectrum Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Todd, Donald; Tsvetkov, Pavel

    2012-01-01

    Fast Spectrum Reactors presents a detailed overview of world-wide technology contributing to the development of fast spectrum reactors. With a unique focus on the capabilities of fast spectrum reactors to address nuclear waste transmutation issues, in addition to the well-known capabilities of breeding new fuel, this volume describes how fast spectrum reactors contribute to the wide application of nuclear power systems to serve the global nuclear renaissance while minimizing nuclear proliferation concerns. Readers will find an introduction to the sustainable development of nuclear energy and the role of fast reactors, in addition to an economic analysis of nuclear reactors. A section devoted to neutronics offers the current trends in nuclear design, such as performance parameters and the optimization of advanced power systems. The latest findings on fuel management, partitioning and transmutation include the physics, efficiency and strategies of transmutation, homogeneous and heterogeneous recycling, in addit...

  3. PISCES-v2: an ocean biogeochemical model for carbon and ecosystem studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Aumont

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available PISCES-v2 is a biogeochemical model which simulates the lower trophic levels of marine ecosystem (phytoplankton, microzooplankton and mesozooplankton and the biogeochemical cycles of carbon and of the main nutrients (P, N, Fe, and Si. The model is intended to be used for both regional and global configurations at high or low spatial resolutions as well as for short-term (seasonal, interannual and long-term (climate change, paleoceanography analyses. There are twenty-four prognostic variables (tracers including two phytoplankton compartments (diatoms and nanophytoplankton, two zooplankton size-classes (microzooplankton and mesozooplankton and a description of the carbonate chemistry. Formulations in PISCES-v2 are based on a mixed Monod–Quota formalism: on one hand, stoichiometry of C/N/P is fixed and growth rate of phytoplankton is limited by the external availability in N, P and Si. On the other hand, the iron and silicium quotas are variable and growth rate of phytoplankton is limited by the internal availability in Fe. Various parameterizations can be activated in PISCES-v2, setting for instance the complexity of iron chemistry or the description of particulate organic materials. So far, PISCES-v2 has been coupled to the NEMO and ROMS systems. A full description of PISCES-v2 and of its optional functionalities is provided here. The results of a quasi-steady state simulation are presented and evaluated against diverse observational and satellite-derived data. Finally, some of the new functionalities of PISCES-v2 are tested in a series of sensitivity experiments.

  4. Adult spinal V2a interneurons show increased excitability and serotonin-dependent bistability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husch, Andreas; Dietz, Shelby B; Hong, Diana N; Harris-Warrick, Ronald M

    2015-02-15

    In mice, most studies of the organization of the spinal central pattern generator (CPG) for locomotion, and its component neuron classes, have been performed on neonatal [postnatal day (P)2-P4] animals. While the neonatal spinal cord can generate a basic locomotor pattern, it is often argued that the CPG network is in an immature form whose detailed properties mature with postnatal development. Here, we compare intrinsic properties and serotonergic modulation of the V2a class of excitatory spinal interneurons in behaviorally mature (older than P43) mice to those in neonatal mice. Using perforated patch recordings from genetically tagged V2a interneurons, we revealed an age-dependent increase in excitability. The input resistance increased, the rheobase values decreased, and the relation between injected current and firing frequency (F/I plot) showed higher excitability in the adult neurons, with almost all neurons firing tonically during a current step. The adult action potential (AP) properties became narrower and taller, and the AP threshold hyperpolarized. While in neonates the AP afterhyperpolarization was monophasic, most adult V2a interneurons showed a biphasic afterhyperpolarization. Serotonin increased excitability and depolarized most neonatal and adult V2a interneurons. However, in ∼30% of adult V2a interneurons, serotonin additionally elicited spontaneous intrinsic membrane potential bistability, resulting in alternations between hyperpolarized and depolarized states with a dramatically decreased membrane input resistance and facilitation of evoked plateau potentials. This was never seen in younger animals. Our findings indicate a significant postnatal development of the properties of locomotor-related V2a interneurons, which could alter their interpretation of synaptic inputs in the locomotor CPG.

  5. Dosimetry revisited for the HDR {sup 192}Ir brachytherapy source model mHDR-v2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granero, Domingo; Vijande, Javier; Ballester, Facundo; Rivard, Mark J. [Radiation Physics Department, ERESA, Hospital General Universitario, E-46014 Valencia (Spain); Department of Atomic, Molecular, and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, E-46100 Burjassot (Spain) and IFIC, CSIC-University of Valencia, E-46100 Burjassot (Spain); Department of Radiation Oncology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    Purpose: Recently, the manufacturer of the HDR {sup 192}Ir mHDR-v2 brachytherapy source reported small design changes (referred to herein as mHDR-v2r) that are within the manufacturing tolerances but may alter the existing dosimetric data for this source. This study aimed to (1) check whether these changes affect the existing dosimetric data published for this source; (2) obtain new dosimetric data in close proximity to the source, including the contributions from {sup 192}Ir electrons and considering the absence of electronic equilibrium; and (3) obtain scatter dose components for collapsed cone treatment planning system implementation. Methods: Three different Monte Carlo (MC) radiation transport codes were used: MCNP5, PENELOPE2008, and GEANT4. The source was centrally positioned in a 40 cm radius water phantom. Absorbed dose and collision kerma were obtained using 0.1 mm (0.5 mm) thick voxels to provide high-resolution dosimetry near (far from) the source. Dose-rate distributions obtained with the three MC codes were compared. Results: Simulations of mHDR-v2 and mHDR-v2r designs performed with three radiation transport codes showed agreement typically within 0.2% for r{>=}0.25 cm. Dosimetric contributions from source electrons were significant for r<0.25 cm. The dose-rate constant and radial dose function were similar to those from previous MC studies of the mHDR-v2 design. The 2D anisotropy function also coincided with that of the mHDR-v2 design for r{>=}0.25 cm. Detailed results of dose distributions and scatter components are presented for the modified source design. Conclusions: Comparison of these results to prior MC studies showed agreement typically within 0.5% for r{>=}0.25 cm. If dosimetric data for r<0.25 cm are not needed, dosimetric results from the prior MC studies will be adequate.

  6. Influence of the vacuum interface on the charge distribution in V 2 O 3 thin films

    KAUST Repository

    Schwingenschlögl, Udo

    2009-09-22

    The electronic structure of V2O3 thin films is studied by means of the augmented spherical wave method as based on density functional theory and the local density approximation. We establish that the effects of charge redistribution, induced by the vacuum interface, in such films are restricted to a very narrow surface layer of ≈15 Å thickness. As a consequence, charge redistribution can be ruled out as a source of the extraordinary thickness dependence of the metal–insulator transition observed in V2O3 thin films of ~100–1000 Å thickness.

  7. Structural, Optical and Electrochromic Properties of Sol–Gel V2O5 Thin Films

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Vanadium pentoxide thin films are prepared by the sol–gel route by dissolving V2O5 powder (99.5% purity) in H2O2 solution. The solution is spin-coated on glass substrates for optical (UV–VIS–NIR) and XRD analysis, and on ITOcoated glass substrates for electrochromic measurements. The samples are then annealed at 150°C for 1 hour. The resulting films have a yellow-orange color, typical of polycrystalline V2O5. XRD measurements have shown that after annealing in air at 400°C the structur...

  8. Terahertz transport dynamics in the metal-insulator transition of V2O3 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Y. Y.; Su, F. H.; Zhang, C.; Zhong, L.; Pan, S. S.; Xu, S. C.; Wang, H.; Dai, J. M.; Li, G. H.

    2017-03-01

    The dynamic behavior of thermally-induced metal-insulator transition of V2O3 thin film on Si substrate grown by reactive magnetron sputtering was investigated by the terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. It was found that the THz absorption and optical conductivity of the thin films are temperature-dependent, and the THz amplitude modulation can reach as high as 74.7%. The complex THz optical conductivity in the metallic state of the V2O3 thin films can be well-fitted by the Drude-Smith model, which offer the insight into the electron transport dynamic during the metal-insulator transition of the thin film.

  9. Draft Genome Sequences of Vibrio alginolyticus Strains V1 and V2, Opportunistic Marine Pathogens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, Daniel; D'Alvise, Paul; Kalatzis, Panos G; Kokkari, Constantina; Middelboe, Mathias; Gram, Lone; Liu, Siyang; Katharios, Pantelis

    2015-07-02

    We announce the draft genome sequences of Vibrio alginolyticus strains V1 and V2, isolated from juvenile Sparus aurata and Dentex dentex, respectively, during outbreaks of vibriosis. The genome sequences are 5,257,950 bp with a G+C content of 44.5% for V. alginolyticus V1 and 5,068,299 bp with a G+C content of 44.8% for strain V2. These genomes provide further insights into the putative virulence factors, prophage carriage, and evolution of this opportunistic marine pathogen. Copyright © 2015 Castillo et al.

  10. Patient walk detection in hospital room using Microsoft Kinect V2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang Liu; Mehrotra, Sanjay

    2016-08-01

    This paper describes a system using Kinect sensor to detect patient walk automatically in a hospital room setting. The system is especially essential for the case when the patient is alone and the nursing staff is absent. The patient activities are represented by the features extracted from Kinect V2 skeletons. The analysis to the recognized walk could help us to better understand the health situation of the patient and the possible hospital acquired infection (HAI), and provide valuable information to healthcare givers for making a corresponding treatment decision and alteration. The Kinect V2 depth sensor provides the ground truth.

  11. Rescue of a nephrogenic diabetes insipidus-causing vasopressin V-2 receptor mutant by cell-penetrating peptides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oueslati, Morad; Hermosilla, Ricardo; Schoenenberger, Eva; Oorschot, Viola; Beyermann, Michael; Wiesner, Burkhard; Schmidt, Antje; Klumperman, Judith; Rosenthal, Walter; Schuelein, Ralf

    2007-01-01

    Mutant membrane proteins are frequently retained in the early secretory pathway by a quality control system, thereby causing disease. An example are mutants of the vasopressin V-2 receptor (V2R) leading to nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Transport-defective V(2)Rs fall into two classes: those

  12. LMFBR type reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanbe, Mitsuru

    1997-04-04

    An LMFBR type reactor comprises a plurality of reactor cores in a reactor container. Namely, a plurality of pot containing vessels are disposed in the reactor vessel and a plurality of reactor cores are formed in a state where an integrated-type fuel assembly is each inserted to a pot, and a coolant pipeline is connected to each of the pot containing-vessel to cool the reactor core respectively. When fuels are exchanged, the integrated-type fuel assembly is taken out together with the pot from the reactor vessel in a state where the integrated-type fuel assembly is immersed in the coolants in the pot as it is. Accordingly, coolants are supplied to each of the pot containing-vessel connected with the coolant pipeline and circulate while cooling the integrated-type fuel assembly for every pot. Then, when the fuels are exchanged, the integrated type fuel assembly is taken out to the outside of the reactor together with the pot by taking up the pot from the pot-containing vessel. Then, neutron economy is improved to thereby improve reactor power and the breeding ratio. (N.H.)

  13. INVAP's Research Reactor Designs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Villarino

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available INVAP, an Argentine company founded more than three decades ago, is today recognized as one of the leaders within the research reactor industry. INVAP has participated in several projects covering a wide range of facilities, designed in accordance with the requirements of our different clients. For complying with these requirements, INVAP developed special skills and capabilities to deal with different fuel assemblies, different core cooling systems, and different reactor layouts. This paper summarizes the general features and utilization of several INVAP research reactor designs, from subcritical and critical assemblies to high-power reactors.

  14. Multi purpose research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raina, V.K. [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)]. E-mail: vkrain@magnum.barc.ernet.in; Sasidharan, K. [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Sengupta, Samiran [Research Reactor Design and Projects Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Singh, Tej [Research Reactor Services Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2006-04-15

    At present Dhruva and Cirus reactors provide the majority of research reactor based facilities to cater to the various needs of a vast pool of researchers in the field of material sciences, physics, chemistry, bio sciences, research and development work for nuclear power plants and production of radio isotopes. With a view to further consolidate and expand the scope of research and development in nuclear and allied sciences, a new 20 MWt multi purpose research reactor is being designed. This paper describes some of the design features and safety aspects of this reactor.

  15. Phase diagram and some physical properties of V2O3+xREFID="FN1">**From the viewpoint of defect structure, the notation V2O3+x has to be changed to V2-yO3, because the nonstoichiometry in V2O3 originates from the metal vacancies. However, in this paper we use the notation V2O3+x for convenience. (0 <= x <= 0.080)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueda, Y.; Kosuge, K.; Kachi, S.

    1980-02-01

    The magnetic and electric properties of V 2O 3+ x were investigated by measurements of magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, magnetotorque, Mössbauer of doped 57Fe, and NMR of 51V, and the results were compared with those of the (V 1- xTi x) 2O 3 system or highly pressured V 2O 3. The results obtained are as follows: (1) The metallic state shows an antiferromagnetic ordering at TN ( x). The value of TN for metallic V 2O 3, obtained by interpolation to x = 0, shows the coincidence between V 2O 3+ x and the (V 1- xTi x) 2O 3 system. (2) Magnetic susceptibility of V 2O 3+ x is expressed as χM(V 2O 3+ x) = (1- x) χM(V 3+) + xχM(V 4+). χM(V 4+) obeys the Curie-Weiss law (χ M( V4+) = {0.77}/{T} + 17) . (3) In the insulating phase, the electrical resistivity ϱ is expressed as a common equation: ϱ = 10 -1.8exp( {E}/{kT}) . This implies that the substitution of Ti or nonstoichiometry (V +4 + metal vacancies) has little influence on the carrier mobility (or bandwidth). (4) There is a critical length in the c-axis (⋍ 14.01 Å) where the metal-insulator transition takes place. This suggests that the length of the c-axis plays an important role in the metal-insulator transition of V 2O 3-related compounds.

  16. Exchange interaction in pyrochlore vanadates Lu2V2O7 and Y2V2O7: Ab initio approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazipov, D. V.; Nikiforov, A. E.; Chernyshev, V. A.

    2016-10-01

    The exchange interaction in vanadates with the pyrochlore structure, namely, Lu2V2O7 and Y2V2O7, has been investigated using the first-principles approach. The isotropic exchange coupling constants have been determined. The calculations have been performed within the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) approximation, as well as in the framework of the density functional theory (DFT), using hybrid functionals. It has been shown that, in the description of the exchange interaction in the compounds under investigation, the nonlocal Hartree-Fock exchange should be taken into account. The splitting patterns of the 3 d 1 level of the V4+ ion in the crystal field have been obtained within the model approach. The calculation has been carried out in the approximation of point charges taking into account the spin-orbit interaction. It has been revealed that the "orbital liquid" state cannot be observed in the compounds under investigation, because the exchange interaction energy is significantly less than the energy spacing between the ground state and the first excited state. The orbital ordering has been analyzed, and the spin density maps have been constructed.

  17. MR_CHIROD v.2: magnetic resonance compatible smart hand rehabilitation device for brain imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanicheh, Azadeh; Mintzopoulos, Dionyssios; Weinberg, Brian; Tzika, A Aria; Mavroidis, Constantinos

    2008-02-01

    This paper presents the design, fabrication, and testing of a novel, one degree-of-freedom, magnetic resonance compatible smart hand interfaced rehabilitation device (MR_CHIROD v.2), which may be used in brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging during handgrip rehabilitation. A key feature of the device is the use of electrorheological fluids (ERFs) to achieve computer controlled, variable, and tunable resistive force generation. The device consists of three major subsystems: 1) an ERF based resistive element, 2) handles, and c) two sensors, one optical encoder and one force sensor, to measure the patient induced motion and force. MR_CHIROD v.2 is designed to resist up to 50% of the maximum level of gripping force of a human hand and be controlled in real time. Our results demonstrate that the MR environment does not interfere with the performance of the MR_CHIROD v.2, and, reciprocally, its use does not cause fMR image artifacts. The results are encouraging in jointly using MR_CHIROD v.2 and brain MR imaging to study motor performance and assess rehabilitation after neurological injuries such as stroke.

  18. Ontogeny-based immunogens for the induction of V2-directed HIV broadly neutralizing antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Penny L; Gorman, Jason; Doria-Rose, Nicole A; Morris, Lynn

    2017-01-01

    The development of a preventative HIV vaccine able to elicit broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) remains a major challenge. Antibodies that recognize the V2 region at the apex of the HIV envelope trimer are among the most common bNAb specificities during chronic infection and many exhibit remarkable breadth and potency. Understanding the developmental pathway of these antibodies has provided insights into their precursors, and the viral strains that engage them, as well as defined how such antibodies mature to acquire breadth. V2-apex bNAbs are derived from rare precursors with long anionic CDR H3s that are often deleted in the B cell repertoire. However, longitudinal studies suggest that once engaged, these precursors contain many of the structural elements required for neutralization, and can rapidly acquire breadth through moderate levels of somatic hypermutation in response to emerging viral variants. These commonalities in the precursors and mechanism of neutralization have enabled the identification of viral strains that show enhanced reactivity for V2 precursors from multiple donors, and may form the basis of germline targeting approaches. In parallel, new structural insights into the HIV trimer, the target of these quaternary antibodies, has created invaluable new opportunities for ontogeny-based immunogens designed to select for rare V2-bNAb precursors, and drive them toward breadth.

  19. Economic Feasibility of V2G Frequency Regulation in Consideration of Battery Wear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekyung Han

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available An economic feasibility study of vehicle-to-grid (V2G frequency regulation is performed in consideration of battery wear. Usually, a transaction for frequency regulation is made in terms of power capacity while the battery-wear proceeds in proportion to the absolute amount of energy transferred. In order to relate the two quantities, we first estimate the amount of transferred energy in terms of contracted power capacity, and hence regulation income, by analyzing actual regulation signals and transactions. On the other hand, the amount of transferrable energy during the life cycle of a battery is estimated analyzing some pervasive specifications for electric vehicle (EV batteries. The expected V2G income is then estimated and compared with battery prices to judge the economic feasibility of V2G regulation. In the latter part of the paper, the assessment result is validated with actual cycle life data of an EV battery cell. As a result, it is concluded that the estimated profit exceeds current market price of EV batteries, indicating that V2G regulation is an economically feasible service.

  20. Electronic decal: a security function based on V2X communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knapik, Peter; Schoch, Elmar; Kargl, Frank

    New technologies such as vehicle-to-X (V2X) communication and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are on the rise. They are mainly used to increase road safety as well as traffic efficiency and to provide customers with infotainment features. However, these new technologies also provide the

  1. UVI ThunnderBird Cup v2.0 Workshop: Worshop Analysis 2016.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Wellington K. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Morris, Tyler Jake [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Chu, Andrew Chun-An [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Russ, Joshua [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Emerson-Lewis, Michelle

    2016-11-01

    The ThunderBird Cup v2.0 (TBC2) program falls under the Minority Serving Institution Pipeline Program (MSIPP) that aims to establish a world-class workforce development, education and research program that combines the strengths of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and national laboratories to create a K-20 pipeline of students to participate in cybersecurity and related fields.

  2. Novel insights into the molecular pathogenesis of CYP4V2-associated Bietti's retinal dystrophy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Astuti, G.D.N; Sun, V.; Bauwens, M.; Zobor, D.; Leroy, B.P.; Omar, A.; Jurklies, B.; Lopez, I.; Ren, H.; Yazar, V.; Hamel, C.; Kellner, U.; Wissinger, B.; Kohl, S.; Baere, E. De; Collin, R.W.J.; Koenekoop, R.K.

    2015-01-01

    Bietti's crystalline dystrophy (BCD) is a rare, autosomal recessive retinal degenerative disease associated with mutations in CYP4V2. In this study, we describe the genetic and clinical findings in 19 unrelated BCD patients recruited from five international retinal dystrophy clinics. Patients underw

  3. Investigations on structural, optical and electrical properties of V2O5 nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagapariya, Khushal; Rathod, K. N.; Gadani, Keval; Boricha, Hetal; Shrimali, V. G.; Rajyaguru, Bhargav; Donga, Amiras; Joshi, A. D.; Pandya, D. D.; Shah, N. A.; Solanki, P. S.

    2017-05-01

    In present communication, structural, optical and electrical properties of nanostructured vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) have been investigated. UV-Visible spectroscopy measurements were carried out in order to investigate the optical properties of as grown V2O5 samples. UV-Visible absorption spectrum shows a shifting in absorption peak towards lower wavelength from pure to different concentrated as grown samples. Value of optical band-gap (Eg), estimated from optical measurements, increases from 2.89 to 3.38eV with increase in concentration. Nanostructured V2O5 samples were synthesized using cost effective sol-gel method and final product was sintered at different temperatures. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement was performed to investigate the structural phases present which revealing the single phasic nature with orthorhombic structure. Crystallite size (CS), calculated using Scherer's formula, is found to be ˜ 38.13 for 500°C sintered sample which increases to ˜ 51.31nm for higher temperature sintered sample. Improved CS leads to the decrease in crystal boundary density in the sample sintered at higher temperature. Electrical properties of nanostructured V2O5 were studied by carrying out dielectric and A.C. conductivity measurements. Dielectric and A.C. conductivity have been understood on the basis of CS, crystal boundaries and interaction between the mobile ions and lattice in the nanoparticles.

  4. The efficient global primitive equation climate model SPEEDO V2.0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Severijns, C.A.; Hazeleger, W.

    2010-01-01

    The efficient primitive-equation coupled atmosphere-ocean model SPEEDO V2.0 is presented. The model includes an interactive sea-ice and land component. SPEEDO is a global earth system model of intermediate complexity. It has a horizontal resolution of T30 (triangular truncation at wave number 30) an

  5. 76 FR 2800 - Amendment of VOR Federal Airways V-2 and V-21; Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ...; Hawaii AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends two VHF Omnidirectional Range (VOR) Federal airway legal descriptions in the State of Hawaii. The... Federal Airways, V-2 and V-21, located in the State of Hawaii by removing all references to Restricted...

  6. The efficient global primitive equation climate model SPEEDO V2.0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Severijns, C.A.; Hazeleger, W.

    2010-01-01

    The efficient primitive-equation coupled atmosphere-ocean model SPEEDO V2.0 is presented. The model includes an interactive sea-ice and land component. SPEEDO is a global earth system model of intermediate complexity. It has a horizontal resolution of T30 (triangular truncation at wave number 30) an

  7. Robust Supersolidity in the V1- V2 Extended Bose-Hubbard Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Nicole; Pixley, Jedediah

    2016-05-01

    Motivated by ultra-cold atomic gases with long-range interactions in an optical lattice we study the effects of the next-nearest neighbor interaction on the extended Bose-Hubbard model on a square lattice. Using the variational Gutzwiller approach with a four-site unit cell we determine the ground state phase diagrams as a function of the model parameters. We focus on the interplay of each interaction between the nearest neighbor (V1) , the next-nearest neighbor (V2) , and the onsite repulsion (U). We find various super-solid phases that can be described by one of the ordering wave-vectors (π, 0), (0, π) , and (π, π) . In the limits V1, V2 U we find phases reminiscent of the limit V2 = 0 but with a richer super solid structure. For V1 V2 we find a qualitatively new super solid phase that is quite stable and occupies a large region of the phase diagram. For sufficiently strong interactions we find various Mott and charge density wave (CDW) insulating phases that can be understood in the classical limit (i.e. no inter-site tunneling). We characterize the nature of each quantum phase transition between Mott/CDW to super-solid to superfluid at the mean field level.

  8. Electronic decal: a security function based on V2X communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knapik, Peter; Schoch, Elmar; Kargl, Frank

    2013-01-01

    New technologies such as vehicle-to-X (V2X) communication and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are on the rise. They are mainly used to increase road safety as well as traffic efficiency and to provide customers with infotainment features. However, these new technologies also provide the op

  9. Color-Space-Based Visual-MIMO for V2X Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jai-Eun; Kim, Ji-Won; Park, Youngil; Kim, Ki-Doo

    2016-04-23

    In this paper, we analyze the applicability of color-space-based, color-independent visual-MIMO for V2X. We aim to achieve a visual-MIMO scheme that can maintain the original color and brightness while performing seamless communication. We consider two scenarios of GCM based visual-MIMO for V2X. One is a multipath transmission using visual-MIMO networking and the other is multi-node V2X communication. In the scenario of multipath transmission, we analyze the channel capacity numerically and we illustrate the significance of networking information such as distance, reference color (symbol), and multiplexing-diversity mode transitions. In addition, in the V2X scenario of multiple access, we may achieve the simultaneous multiple access communication without node interferences by dividing the communication area using image processing. Finally, through numerical simulation, we show the superior SER performance of the visual-MIMO scheme compared with LED-PD communication and show the numerical result of the GCM based visual-MIMO channel capacity versus distance.

  10. Twirre V2: Evolution of an architecture for automated mini-UAVs using interchangeable commodity components

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. de Boer; M Junyent Barnaby; M.R. Dijkstra; K. Dijkstra; Jaap van de Loosdrecht

    2015-01-01

    Twirre V2 is the evolution of an architecture for mini-UAV platforms which allows automated operation in both GPS-enabled and GPSdeprived applications. This second version separates mission logic, sensor data processing and high-level control, which results in reusable software components for

  11. Magnetic and structural properties of Zn doped MnV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahi, Prashant; Shukla, K. K.; Singh, Rahul; Das, A.; Ghosh, A. K.; Nigam, A. K.; Chatterjee, Sandip

    2014-04-01

    The magnetization, Neutron diffraction and X-ray diffraction of Zn doped MnV2O4 as a function of temperature have been measured. It has been observed, with increase of Zn the non-linear orientation of Mn spins with the V spins will decrease which effectively decrease the structural transition temperature more rapidly than Curie Temperature.

  12. GSEVM v.2: MCMC software to analyse genetically structured environmental variance models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibáñez-Escriche, N; Garcia, M; Sorensen, D

    2010-01-01

    This note provides a description of software that allows to fit Bayesian genetically structured variance models using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). The gsevm v.2 program was written in Fortran 90. The DOS and Unix executable programs, the user's guide, and some example files are freely availab...

  13. Price-based Energy Control for V2G Networks in the Industrial Smart Grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Yu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The energy crisis and global warming call for a new industrial revolution in production and distribution of renewable energy. Distributed power generation will be well developed in the new smart electricity distribution grid, in which robust power distribution will be the key technology. In this paper, we present a new vehicle-to-grid (V2G network for energy transfer, in which distributed renewable energy helps the power grid balance demand and supply. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs will act as transporters of electricity for distributed renewable energy dispatching. We formulate and analyze the V2G network within the theoretical framework of complex network. We also employ the generalized synchronization method to study the dynamic behavior of V2G networks. Furthermore, we develop a new price-based energy control method to stimulate the PHEV's behavior of charging and discharging. Simulation results indicate that the V2G network can achieve synchronization and each region is able to balance energy supply and demand through price-based control.

  14. Study of V2 vasopressin receptor hormone binding site using in silico methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebti, Yeganeh; Sardari, Soroush; Sadeghi, Hamid Mir Mohammad; Ghahremani, Mohammad Hossein; Innamorati, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    The antidiuretic effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is mediated by the vasopressin V2 receptor. The docking study of AVP as a ligand to V2 receptor helps in identifying important amino acid residues that might be involved in AVP binding for predicting the lowest free energy state of the protein complex. Whereas previous researchers were not able to detect the exact site of the ligand-receptor binding, we designed the current study to identify the vasopressin V2 receptor hormone binding site using bioinformatic methods. The 3D structure of nonapeptide hormone vasopressin was extracted from Protein Data Bank. Since no suitable template resembling V2 receptor was found, an ab initio approach was chosen to model the protein receptor. Using protein docking methods such as Hex protein-protein docking, the model of V2 receptor was docked to the peptide ligand AVP to identify possible binding sites. The residues that involved in binding site are W293, W296, D297, A300, and P301. The lowest free energy state of the protein complex was predicted after mutation in the above residues. The amount of gained energies permits us to compare the mutant forms with native forms and help to asses critical changes such as positive and negative mutations followed by ranking the best mutations. Based on the mutation/docking predictions, we found some mutants such as W293D and A300E possess positively inducing effect in ligand binding and some of them such as A300R present negatively inducing effect in ligand binding.

  15. PISCES-v2: an ocean biogeochemical model for carbon and ecosystem studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Aumont

    2015-08-01

    of marine ecosystems (phytoplankton, microzooplankton and mesozooplankton and the biogeochemical cycles of carbon and of the main nutrients (P, N, Fe, and Si. The model is intended to be used for both regional and global configurations at high or low spatial resolutions as well as for short-term (seasonal, interannual and long-term (climate change, paleoceanography analyses. There are 24 prognostic variables (tracers including two phytoplankton compartments (diatoms and nanophytoplankton, two zooplankton size classes (microzooplankton and mesozooplankton and a description of the carbonate chemistry. Formulations in PISCES-v2 are based on a mixed Monod–quota formalism. On the one hand, stoichiometry of C / N / P is fixed and growth rate of phytoplankton is limited by the external availability in N, P and Si. On the other hand, the iron and silicon quotas are variable and the growth rate of phytoplankton is limited by the internal availability in Fe. Various parameterizations can be activated in PISCES-v2, setting, for instance, the complexity of iron chemistry or the description of particulate organic materials. So far, PISCES-v2 has been coupled to the Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean (NEMO and Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS systems. A full description of PISCES-v2 and of its optional functionalities is provided here. The results of a quasi-steady-state simulation are presented and evaluated against diverse observational and satellite-derived data. Finally, some of the new functionalities of PISCES-v2 are tested in a series of sensitivity experiments.

  16. Reactor Materials Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Walle, E

    2001-04-01

    The activities of the Reactor Materials Research Department of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN in 2000 are summarised. The programmes within the department are focussed on studies concerning (1) fusion, in particular mechanical testing; (2) Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC); (3) nuclear fuel; and (4) Reactor Pressure Vessel Steel (RPVS)

  17. Space Nuclear Reactor Engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poston, David Irvin [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-03-06

    We needed to find a space reactor concept that could be attractive to NASA for flight and proven with a rapid turnaround, low-cost nuclear test. Heat-pipe-cooled reactors coupled to Stirling engines long identified as the easiest path to near-term, low-cost concept.

  18. Light water reactor program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franks, S.M.

    1994-12-31

    The US Department of Energy`s Light Water Reactor Program is outlined. The scope of the program consists of: design certification of evolutionary plants; design, development, and design certification of simplified passive plants; first-of-a-kind engineering to achieve commercial standardization; plant lifetime improvement; and advanced reactor severe accident program. These program activities of the Office of Nuclear Energy are discussed.

  19. Status of French reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballagny, A. [Commissariat a l`Energie Atomique, Saclay (France)

    1997-08-01

    The status of French reactors is reviewed. The ORPHEE and RHF reactors can not be operated with a LEU fuel which would be limited to 4.8 g U/cm{sup 3}. The OSIRIS reactor has already been converted to LEU. It will use U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} as soon as its present stock of UO{sub 2} fuel is used up, at the end of 1994. The decision to close down the SILOE reactor in the near future is not propitious for the start of a conversion process. The REX 2000 reactor, which is expected to be commissioned in 2005, will use LEU (except if the fast neutrons core option is selected). Concerning the end of the HEU fuel cycle, the best option is reprocessing followed by conversion of the reprocessed uranium to LEU.

  20. Nuclear reactor design

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on core design and methods for design and analysis. It is based on advances made in nuclear power utilization and computational methods over the past 40 years, covering core design of boiling water reactors and pressurized water reactors, as well as fast reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors. The objectives of this book are to help graduate and advanced undergraduate students to understand core design and analysis, and to serve as a background reference for engineers actively working in light water reactors. Methodologies for core design and analysis, together with physical descriptions, are emphasized. The book also covers coupled thermal hydraulic core calculations, plant dynamics, and safety analysis, allowing readers to understand core design in relation to plant control and safety.

  1. Mirror reactor surface study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunt, A. L.; Damm, C. C.; Futch, A. H.; Hiskes, J. R.; Meisenheimer, R. G.; Moir, R. W.; Simonen, T. C.; Stallard, B. W.; Taylor, C. E.

    1976-09-01

    A general survey is presented of surface-related phenomena associated with the following mirror reactor elements: plasma first wall, ion sources, neutral beams, director converters, vacuum systems, and plasma diagnostics. A discussion of surface phenomena in possible abnormal reactor operation is included. Several studies which appear to merit immediate attention and which are essential to the development of mirror reactors are abstracted from the list of recommended areas for surface work. The appendix contains a discussion of the fundamentals of particle/surface interactions. The interactions surveyed are backscattering, thermal desorption, sputtering, diffusion, particle ranges in solids, and surface spectroscopic methods. A bibliography lists references in a number of categories pertinent to mirror reactors. Several complete published and unpublished reports on surface aspects of current mirror plasma experiments and reactor developments are also included.

  2. Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of Cu2V2O7%Cu2V2O7的合成及电化学性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭光辉; 陈珊; 刘芳芳; 张利玉

    2014-01-01

    采用溶胶凝胶法制备了锂离子电池负极材料Cu2V2O7,分别用X射线衍射仪,电子扫描电镜对产物的结构和微观形貌进行表征.结果表明,合成产物纯度高,微粒形貌规整、表面光滑、粒径小.用其组装的电池经恒流充放电测试表明,样品初始放电比容量为682.8 mAh/g,具有良好的循环性能.

  3. Butanol Dehydration over V2O5-TiO2/MCM-41 Catalysts Prepared via Liquid Phase Atomic Layer Deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-Ki Jeon

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available MCM-41 was used as a support and, by using atomic layer deposition (ALD in the liquid phase, a catalyst was prepared by consecutively loading titanium oxide and vanadium oxide to the support. This research analyzes the effect of the loading amount of vanadium oxide on the acidic characteristics and catalytic performance in the dehydration of butanol. The physical and chemical characteristics of the TiO2-V2O5/MCM-41 catalysts were analyzed using XRF, BET, NH3-TPD, XRD, Py-IR, and XPS. The dehydration reaction of butanol was performed in a fixed bed reactor. For the samples with vanadium oxide loaded to TiO2/MCM-41 sample using the liquid phase ALD method, it was possible to increase the loading amount until the amount of vanadium oxide reached 12.1 wt %. It was confirmed that the structural properties of the mesoporous silica were retained well after titanium oxide and vanadium loading. The NH3-TPD and Py-IR results indicated that weak acid sites were produced over the TiO2/MCM-41 samples, which is attributed to the generation of Lewis acid sites. The highest activity of the V2O5(12.1-TiO2/MCM-41 catalyst in 2-butanol dehydration is ascribed to it having the highest number of Lewis acid sites, as well as the highest vanadium dispersion.

  4. Vsx1 Transiently Defines an Early Intermediate V2 Interneuron Precursor Compartment in the Mouse Developing Spinal Cord

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francius, Cédric; Hidalgo-Figueroa, María; Debrulle, Stéphanie; Pelosi, Barbara; Rucchin, Vincent; Ronellenfitch, Kara; Panayiotou, Elena; Makrides, Neoklis; Misra, Kamana; Harris, Audrey; Hassani, Hessameh; Schakman, Olivier; Parras, Carlos; Xiang, Mengqing; Malas, Stavros; Chow, Robert L.; Clotman, Frédéric

    2016-01-01

    Spinal ventral interneurons regulate the activity of motor neurons, thereby controlling motor activities. Interneurons arise during embryonic development from distinct progenitor domains distributed orderly along the dorso-ventral axis of the neural tube. A single ventral progenitor population named p2 generates at least five V2 interneuron subsets. Whether the diversification of V2 precursors into multiple subsets occurs within the p2 progenitor domain or involves a later compartment of early-born V2 interneurons remains unsolved. Here, we provide evidence that the p2 domain produces an intermediate V2 precursor compartment characterized by the transient expression of the transcriptional repressor Vsx1. These cells display an original repertoire of cellular markers distinct from that of any V2 interneuron population. They have exited the cell cycle but have not initiated neuronal differentiation. They coexpress Vsx1 and Foxn4, suggesting that they can generate the known V2 interneuron populations as well as possible additional V2 subsets. Unlike V2 interneurons, the generation of Vsx1-positive precursors does not depend on the Notch signaling pathway but expression of Vsx1 in these cells requires Pax6. Hence, the p2 progenitor domain generates an intermediate V2 precursor compartment, characterized by the presence of the transcriptional repressor Vsx1, that contributes to V2 interneuron development. PMID:28082864

  5. Slurry reactor design studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fox, J.M.; Degen, B.D.; Cady, G.; Deslate, F.D.; Summers, R.L. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (USA)); Akgerman, A. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA)); Smith, J.M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA))

    1990-06-01

    The objective of these studies was to perform a realistic evaluation of the relative costs of tublar-fixed-bed and slurry reactors for methanol, mixed alcohols and Fischer-Tropsch syntheses under conditions where they would realistically be expected to operate. The slurry Fischer-Tropsch reactor was, therefore, operated at low H{sub 2}/CO ratio on gas directly from a Shell gasifier. The fixed-bed reactor was operated on 2.0 H{sub 2}/CO ratio gas after adjustment by shift and CO{sub 2} removal. Every attempt was made to give each reactor the benefit of its optimum design condition and correlations were developed to extend the models beyond the range of the experimental pilot plant data. For the methanol design, comparisons were made for a recycle plant with high methanol yield, this being the standard design condition. It is recognized that this is not necessarily the optimum application for the slurry reactor, which is being proposed for a once-through operation, coproducing methanol and power. Consideration is also given to the applicability of the slurry reactor to mixed alcohols, based on conditions provided by Lurgi for an Octamix{trademark} plant using their standard tubular-fixed reactor technology. 7 figs., 26 tabs.

  6. Magnetism and magnetoelectricity in the polar oxide α-Cu2V2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y.-W.; Jang, T.-H.; Dissanayake, S. E.; Lee, Seunghun; Jeong, Yoon H.

    2016-01-01

    Single crystals of the orthorhombic polar oxide α-Cu2V2O7 with space group Fdd2 are synthesized and their physical properties are measured. Neutron powder diffraction is also performed on a polycrystal sample to extract the magnetic structure. The ground state is shown to be weakly ferromagnetic, that is, collinearly antiferromagnetic in the a-direction with a small remanent magnetization in the c-direction. When an external magnetic field is applied in the c-direction, further spin canting, accompanied by the induced electric polarization, occurs. It is demonstrated that the magnetoelectric effect in α-Cu2V2O7 is adequately described if spin-dependent p\\text-d hybridization due to spin-orbit coupling as well as magnetic domain effects are simultaneously taken into account. We discuss the implication of the present result in the search for materials with multiferroicity and/or magnetoelectricity.

  7. Controlling the optical properties of sputtered-deposited LixV2O5 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Castro, M.; Berkemeier, F.; Schmitz, G.; Buchheit, A.; Wiemhöfer, H.-D.

    2016-10-01

    This study examines the influence of lithium intercalation on the optical properties of vanadium pentoxide films. The films with a thickness between 400 and 1000 nm were prepared by DC magnetron sputter deposition. Cyclic voltammetry and chronopotentiometry were used to set a well defined lithiation state of the LixV2O5 films between x = 0 and x = 1. The optical properties of these films were measured by optical reflectometry in the wavelength range between 500 and 1700 nm. From the reflectance data, the refractive index and the extinction coefficient of the films were finally calculated as a function of the wavelength using Cauchy's dispersion model. The results confirm that the optical behavior of LixV2O5 films varies significantly upon lithium insertion. It is demonstrated that the changes produced in the optical properties are completely reversible within the limits of permanent structure changes.

  8. Swarm v2: highly-scalable and high-resolution amplicon clustering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahé, Frédéric; Rognes, Torbjørn; Quince, Christopher; de Vargas, Colomban; Dunthorn, Micah

    2015-01-01

    Previously we presented Swarm v1, a novel and open source amplicon clustering program that produced fine-scale molecular operational taxonomic units (OTUs), free of arbitrary global clustering thresholds and input-order dependency. Swarm v1 worked with an initial phase that used iterative single-linkage with a local clustering threshold (d), followed by a phase that used the internal abundance structures of clusters to break chained OTUs. Here we present Swarm v2, which has two important novel features: (1) a new algorithm for d = 1 that allows the computation time of the program to scale linearly with increasing amounts of data; and (2) the new fastidious option that reduces under-grouping by grafting low abundant OTUs (e.g., singletons and doubletons) onto larger ones. Swarm v2 also directly integrates the clustering and breaking phases, dereplicates sequencing reads with d = 0, outputs OTU representatives in fasta format, and plots individual OTUs as two-dimensional networks.

  9. Incommensurate spin density wave in metallic V2-yO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Wei; Broholm, C.; Carter, S. A.; Rosenbaum, T. F.; Aeppli, G.; Trevino, S. F.; Metcalf, P.; Honig, J. M.; Spalek, J.

    1993-08-01

    We show by neutron diffraction that metallic V2-7O3 develops a spin density wave below TN~=9 K with incommensurate wave vector q~=1.7c* and an ordered moment of 0.15μB. The weak ordering phenomenon is accompanied by strong, nonresonant spin fluctuations with a velocity c=67(4) meV Å. The spin correlations of the metal are very different from those of the insulator and place V2-yO3 in a distinct class of Motte-Hubbard systems where the wave vector for magnetic order in the metal is far from a high symmetry commensurate reciprocal lattice point.

  10. FIRST EXPERIENCES WITH KINECT V2 SENSOR FOR CLOSE RANGE 3D MODELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Lachat

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available RGB-D cameras, also known as range imaging cameras, are a recent generation of sensors. As they are suitable for measuring distances to objects at high frame rate, such sensors are increasingly used for 3D acquisitions, and more generally for applications in robotics or computer vision. This kind of sensors became popular especially since the Kinect v1 (Microsoft arrived on the market in November 2010. In July 2014, Windows has released a new sensor, the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor, based on another technology as its first device. However, due to its initial development for video games, the quality assessment of this new device for 3D modelling represents a major investigation axis. In this paper first experiences with Kinect v2 sensor are related, and the ability of close range 3D modelling is investigated. For this purpose, error sources on output data as well as a calibration approach are presented.

  11. Single crystal growth and magnetic excitations of transistion metal oxide CoV2 O6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockdale, Christopher; Wallington, F.; Taylor, J. W.; Garcia-Sakai, V.; Arevalo-Lopez, A. M.; Attfield, P.; Stock, C.

    2015-03-01

    Low-dimensional magnetic materials are an area of interest due to their unusual properties such as metamagnetism and magnetization plateaus. Solid state synthesis has produced polycrystalline CoV2O6 which exists in two polymorphs: one with a monoclinic structure, and the other with a triclinic structure. Single crystals have been grown from polycrystalline CoV2O6 using the flux method under vacuum and are large enough to aid in single crystal neutron diffraction. Magnetic excitations have been measured using powder neutron diffraction in the low temperatures regime with variable energy. The magnetic excitations have been compared between the two phases. The energy of the system has been modelled in terms of the spin-orbit coupling, structural distortions, and the crystal field and compared to neutron data.

  12. Thorium divanadate dihydrate, Th(V2O7(H2O2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Saadi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, Th(V2O7(H2O2, was synthesized by a hydrothermal reaction. The crystal structure consists of ThO7(OH22 tricapped trigonal prisms that share edges, forming [ThO5(OH22]n chains along [010]. The edge-sharing ThO7(OH22 polyhedra share one edge and five vertices with the V2O7 divanadate anions having a nearly ecliptic conformation parallel to [001]. This results in an open framework with the water molecules located in channels. O—H...O hydrogen bonding between water molecules and framework O atoms is observed. Bond-valence-sum calculations are in good agreement with the chemical formula of the title compound.

  13. Synthesis of MnV2O6 nanoflakes via simple hydrothermal process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi LIU; Yitai QIAN

    2008-01-01

    A single phase of monoclinic MnV2O6 nanoflakes was prepared by a hydrothermal process at 180℃ starting materials and using acetic acid to adjust the pH value of the reaction solution. The as,prepared samples were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). X,ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS) measurements further confirm the component of MnV2O6.Results indicated that the products consisted of a large quantity of compact accumulated nanoflakes,with average width of 0.85 μtm,thickness of 100 nm and lengths up to 1.7μm.

  14. First Experiences with Kinect v2 Sensor for Close Range 3d Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachat, E.; Macher, H.; Mittet, M.-A.; Landes, T.; Grussenmeyer, P.

    2015-02-01

    RGB-D cameras, also known as range imaging cameras, are a recent generation of sensors. As they are suitable for measuring distances to objects at high frame rate, such sensors are increasingly used for 3D acquisitions, and more generally for applications in robotics or computer vision. This kind of sensors became popular especially since the Kinect v1 (Microsoft) arrived on the market in November 2010. In July 2014, Windows has released a new sensor, the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor, based on another technology as its first device. However, due to its initial development for video games, the quality assessment of this new device for 3D modelling represents a major investigation axis. In this paper first experiences with Kinect v2 sensor are related, and the ability of close range 3D modelling is investigated. For this purpose, error sources on output data as well as a calibration approach are presented.

  15. Core - Corona Model describes the Centrality Dependence of v_2/epsilon

    CERN Document Server

    Aichelin, J

    2010-01-01

    Event by event EPOS calculations in which the expansion of the system is described by {\\it ideal} hydrodynamics reproduce well the measured centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$, although it has been claimed that only viscous hydrodynamics can reproduce these data. This is due to the core - corona effect which manifests itself in the initial condition of the hydrodynamical expansion. The centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$ can be understood in the recently advanced core-corona model, a simple parameter free EPOS inspired model to describe the centrality dependence of different observables from SPS to RHIC energies. This model has already been successfully applied to understand the centrality dependence of multiplicities and of the average transverse momentum of identified particles.

  16. The Mont Blanc mystery solved? A $m^2=-0.28 keV^2$ neutrino

    CERN Document Server

    Ehrlich, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Evidence is presented in support of a hypothesis made in 2013 predicting the existence of a tachyonic neutrino mass eigenstate doublet having $m^2\\approx -0.2 keV^2$ with $\\Delta m^2=1 eV^2.$ The evidence is based primarily on the puzzling LSD (Mont Blanc) neutrino burst observed on February 23, 1987, which the hypothesis thoroughly explains, with additional support from the Kamiokande-II events recorded on the same day. The probability of the null hypothesis, i.e., that background fluctuations can explain the noted features of the two data sets is estimated to be $4.2\\sigma$ (Mont Blanc), and $3.7\\sigma$ (K-II). Such a controversial hypothesis as a tachyonic neutrino requires absolutely definitive proof, and there may exist a test based on observing the neutrino spectrum from diffuse supernovae that could supply it.

  17. HSP v2: Haptic Signal Processing with Extensions for Physical Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overholt, Daniel; Kontogeorgakopoulos, Alexandros; Berdahl, Edgar

    2010-01-01

    The Haptic Signal Processing (HSP) platform aims to enable musicians to easily design and perform with digital haptic musical instruments [1]. In this paper, we present some new objects introduced in version v2 for modeling of musical dynamical systems such as resonators and vibrating strings. To....... To our knowledge, this is the first time that these diverse physical modeling elements have all been made available for a modular, real-time haptics platform.......The Haptic Signal Processing (HSP) platform aims to enable musicians to easily design and perform with digital haptic musical instruments [1]. In this paper, we present some new objects introduced in version v2 for modeling of musical dynamical systems such as resonators and vibrating strings...

  18. Accuracy evaluation of the Kinect v2 sensor during dynamic movements in a rehabilitation scenario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capecci, M; Ceravolo, M G; Ferracuti, F; Iarlori, S; Longhi, S; Romeo, L; Russi, S N; Verdini, F; Capecci, M; Ceravolo, M G; Ferracuti, F; Iarlori, S; Longhi, S; Romeo, L; Russi, S N; Verdini, F; Longhi, S; Romeo, L; Russi, S N; Iarlori, S; Capecci, M; Ferracuti, F; Ceravolo, M G; Verdini, F

    2016-08-01

    In this paper, the accuracy evaluation of the Kinect v2 sensor is investigated in a rehabilitation scenario. The accuracy analysis is provided in terms of joint positions and angles during dynamic postures used in low-back pain rehabilitation. Although other studies have focused on the validation of the accuracy in terms of joint angles and positions, they present results only considering static postures whereas the rehabilitation exercise monitoring involves to consider dynamic movements with a wide range of motion and issues related to the joints tracking. In this work, joint positions and angles represent clinical features, chosen by medical staff, used to evaluate the subject's movements. The spatial and temporal accuracy is investigated with respect to the gold standard, represented by a stereophotogrammetric system, characterized by 6 infrared cameras. The results provide salient information for evaluating the reliability of Kinect v2 sensor for dynamic postures.

  19. Economic Feasibility of V2G Frequency Regulation in Consideration of Battery Wear

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    An economic feasibility study of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) frequency regulation is performed in consideration of battery wear. Usually, a transaction for frequency regulation is made in terms of power capacity while the battery-wear proceeds in proportion to the absolute amount of energy transferred. In order to relate the two quantities, we first estimate the amount of transferred energy in terms of contracted power capacity, and hence regulation income, by analyzing actual regulation signals an...

  20. Thaksinomics: A New Asian Paradigm; Strategic Insights: v.2, issue 12 (December 2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Looney, Robert

    2003-01-01

    This article appeared in Strategic Insights (December 2003), v.2 no.12 Prior to the Asian Economic Crisis sparked by the collapse of the Thai baht in 1997, Southeast Asia looked like a sure bet for a long period of high sustained economic growth. As a region, Southeast Asia's economies are the most open to international trade. While such openness spurred their growth for several decades, in the post 1997 period it has left them increasingly vulnerable to adverse economic and political sh...

  1. Dielectric spectra of bismuth vanadate Bi4V2O11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borisov, V.N.; Pashkov, V.M.; Poplavko, IU.M.; Avakian, P.B.; Osipian, V.G. (Kievskii Politekhnicheskii Institut, Kiev (Ukrainian SSR))

    1990-06-01

    Results of a study of the temperature-frequency dependence of the behavior of the dielectric parameters of bismuth vanadate, Bi4V2O11, in the frequency range 1-100 GHz are reported. It is shown that bismuth vanadate is characterized by a large number of phase transitions. Yet another, previously unknown, phase transition in bismuth vanadate, masked by a relaxation process, has been observed in the temperature range 410-420 K. 12 refs.

  2. Dielectric spectra of bismuth vanadate Bi4V2O11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisov, V. N.; Pashkov, V. M.; Poplavko, Iu. M.; Avakian, P. B.; Osipian, V. G.

    1990-06-01

    Results of a study of the temperature-frequency dependence of the behavior of the dielectric parameters of bismuth vanadate, Bi4V2O11, in the frequency range 1-100 GHz are reported. It is shown that bismuth vanadate is characterized by a large number of phase transitions. Yet another, previously unknown, phase transition in bismuth vanadate, masked by a relaxation process, has been observed in the temperature range 410-420 K.

  3. The feasibility of using Microsoft Kinect v2 sensors during radiotherapy delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmunds, David M; Bashforth, Sophie E; Tahavori, Fatemeh; Wells, Kevin; Donovan, Ellen M

    2016-11-08

    Consumer-grade distance sensors, such as the Microsoft Kinect devices (v1 and v2), have been investigated for use as marker-free motion monitoring systems for radiotherapy. The radiotherapy delivery environment is challenging for such sen-sors because of the proximity to electromagnetic interference (EMI) from the pulse forming network which fires the magnetron and electron gun of a linear accelerator (linac) during radiation delivery, as well as the requirement to operate them from the control area. This work investigated whether using Kinect v2 sensors as motion monitors was feasible during radiation delivery. Three sensors were used each with a 12 m USB 3.0 active cable which replaced the supplied 3 m USB 3.0 cable. Distance output data from the Kinect v2 sensors was recorded under four condi-tions of linac operation: (i) powered up only, (ii) pulse forming network operating with no radiation, (iii) pulse repetition frequency varied between 6 Hz and 400 Hz, (iv) dose rate varied between 50 and 1450 monitor units (MU) per minute. A solid water block was used as an object and imaged when static, moved in a set of steps from 0.6 m to 2.0 m from the sensor and moving dynamically in two sinusoidal-like trajectories. Few additional image artifacts were observed and there was no impact on the tracking of the motion patterns (root mean squared accuracy of 1.4 and 1.1mm, respectively). The sensors' distance accuracy varied by 2.0 to 3.8 mm (1.2 to 1.4 mm post distance calibration) across the range measured; the precision was 1 mm. There was minimal effect from the EMI on the distance calibration data: 0 mm or 1 mm reported distance change (2 mm maximum change at one position). Kinect v2 sensors operated with 12 m USB 3.0 active cables appear robust to the radiotherapy treatment environment.

  4. Rough Neighbors: Afghanistan and Pakistan; Strategic Insights: v.2, issue 1 (January 2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Feroz Hassan

    2003-01-01

    This article appeared in Strategic Insights (January 2003), v.2 no.1 Focus on South Asia over the past fifty years has primarily remained on the India-Pakistan rivalry and tensions over Kashmir. This dimension overshadowed the effect of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations on the security dynamics of the South-Central Asian region. The historical and cultural dimension of the Afghanistan-Pakistan relation has been and will remain critical in the evolving regional dynamics. Since the events of Se...

  5. Electrochemical potential of intercalation phase: Li/V 2O 5 system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qi-Hui

    2006-12-01

    In the communication, the use of photoelectron spectroscopy in evaluating the electrochemical potentials for intercalation phase (Li/V 2O 5 system) is presented. Two contributions, i.e. Fermi level shift and formation of surface dipole, are the main factors in the change of battery voltage during the Li intercalation. It was found that the formation of surface dipole plays more important role in the decrease of the battery voltage due to the adsorption of Li on the surface.

  6. Novel CYP4V2 mutations associated with Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy in Chinese patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rong; Tian; Shu-Ran; Wang; Jing; Wang; You-Xin; Chen

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the CYP4V2 mutations in five unrelated Chinese patients with Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy(BCD) and to provide clinical features of these patients. BCD is a rare monogenic autosomal recessively inherited disorder characterized by the presence of crystals in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium atrophy. Mutations in the CYP4V2 gene have been found to be causative for BCD.METHODS: Ophthalmic examinations were carried out in the affected individuals. Peripheral blood samples were collected and genomic DNA was extracted. All exons and flanking intronic regions of the CYP4V2 gene were amplified with polymerase chain reaction and screened for mutations by direct DNA sequencing. One hundred control chromosomes were also screened to exclude nonpathogenic polymorphisms.RESULTS: Fundus examination revealed the presence of tiny yellowish-sparkling crystals at the posterior pole of the fundus and atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium in all patients. Choroid neovascularization was noted in one patient. Five different CYP4V2 mutations were identified, including two missense mutations(p.F73 L,p.R400H), two splice site mutations(c.802-8810del17ins GC, c.1091-2A >G), and one single base-pair deletion(p.T479 Tfs X7 or c.1437 del C). The two splice site mutations were identified in three of the patients with BCD. Mutation p.T479 Tfs X7 was a novel mutation not observed in any of 100 ethnically matched control chromosomes.CONCLUSION: Mutation c.802-8810del17ins GC and c.1091-2A>G are common mutations in Chinese patientswith BCD. Our results expand the allelic heterogeneity of BCD.

  7. KINECT V2 AND RGB STEREO CAMERAS INTEGRATION FOR DEPTH MAP ENHANCEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Ravanelli, R.; A. Nascetti; Crespi, M.

    2016-01-01

    Today range cameras are widespread low-cost sensors based on two different principles of operation: we can distinguish between Structured Light (SL) range cameras (Kinect v1, Structure Sensor, ...) and Time Of Flight (ToF) range cameras (Kinect v2, ...). Both the types are easy to use 3D scanners, able to reconstruct dense point clouds at high frame rate. However the depth maps obtained are often noisy and not enough accurate, therefore it is generally essential to improve their qual...

  8. Measuring Disparities: Bias in the SF-36v2 among Spanish-speaking Medical Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudano, Joseph J.; Perzynski, Adam; Love, Thomas E.; Lewis, Steven A.; Murray, Patrick M.; Huber, Gail; Ruo, Bernice; Baker, David W.

    2011-01-01

    Background Many national surveys have found substantial differences in self-reported overall health (SROH) between Spanish-speaking Hispanics and other racial/ethnic groups. However, because cultural and language differences may create measurement bias, it is unclear whether observed differences in SROH reflect true differences in health. Objectives This study uses a cross-sectional survey to investigate psychometric properties of the SF-36v2 for subjects across four racial/ethnic and language groups. Multi-group latent variable modeling was used to test increasingly stringent criteria for measurement equivalence. Subjects Our sample (N = 1281) included 383 non-Hispanic whites, 368 non-Hispanic blacks, 206 Hispanics interviewed in English and 324 Hispanics interviewed in Spanish recruited from outpatient medical clinics in two large urban areas. Results We found weak factorial invariance across the four groups. However, there was no strong factorial invariance. The overall fit of the model was substantially worse (change in CFI > .02, RMSEA change > .003) after requiring equal intercepts across all groups. Further comparisons established that the equality constraints on the intercepts for Spanish-speaking Hispanics were responsible for the decrement to model fit. Conclusions Observed differences between SF-36v2 scores for Spanish speaking Hispanics are systematically biased relative to the other three groups. The lack of strong invariance suggests the need for caution when comparing SF-36v2 mean scores of Spanish-speaking Hispanics with those of other groups. However, measurement equivalence testing for this study supports correlational or multivariate latent variable analyses of SF-36v2 responses across all four subgroups, since these analyses require only weak factorial invariance. PMID:21430580

  9. Fast Breeder Reactor studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Till, C.E.; Chang, Y.I.; Kittel, J.H.; Fauske, H.K.; Lineberry, M.J.; Stevenson, M.G.; Amundson, P.I.; Dance, K.D.

    1980-07-01

    This report is a compilation of Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) resource documents prepared to provide the technical basis for the US contribution to the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation. The eight separate parts deal with the alternative fast breeder reactor fuel cycles in terms of energy demand, resource base, technical potential and current status, safety, proliferation resistance, deployment, and nuclear safeguards. An Annex compares the cost of decommissioning light-water and fast breeder reactors. Separate abstracts are included for each of the parts.

  10. Gas cooled fast reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1972-06-01

    Although most of the development work on fast breeder reactors has been devoted to the use of liquid metal cooling, interest has been expressed for a number of years in alternative breeder concepts using other coolants. One of a number of concepts in which interest has been retained is the Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor (GCFR). As presently envisioned, it would operate on the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide fuel cycle, similar to that used in the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR), and would use helium gas as the coolant.

  11. Microfluidic electrochemical reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuzzo, Ralph G [Champaign, IL; Mitrovski, Svetlana M [Urbana, IL

    2011-03-22

    A microfluidic electrochemical reactor includes an electrode and one or more microfluidic channels on the electrode, where the microfluidic channels are covered with a membrane containing a gas permeable polymer. The distance between the electrode and the membrane is less than 500 micrometers. The microfluidic electrochemical reactor can provide for increased reaction rates in electrochemical reactions using a gaseous reactant, as compared to conventional electrochemical cells. Microfluidic electrochemical reactors can be incorporated into devices for applications such as fuel cells, electrochemical analysis, microfluidic actuation, pH gradient formation.

  12. Toward a solution to the RAA and v2 puzzle for heavy quarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh K. Das

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The heavy quarks constitute a unique probe of the quark–gluon plasma properties. A puzzling relation between the nuclear modification factor RAA(pT and the elliptic flow v2(pT has been observed both at RHIC and LHC energies. Predicting correctly both observables has been a challenge to all existing models, especially for D mesons. We discuss how the temperature dependence of the heavy quark drag coefficient is responsible for a large part of such a puzzle. In particular, we have considered four different models to evaluate the temperature dependence of drag and diffusion coefficients propagating through a quark gluon plasma (QGP. All the four different models are set to reproduce the same RAA(pT observed in experiments at RHIC and LHC energy. We point out that for the same RAA(pT one can generate 2–3 times more v2 depending on the temperature dependence of the heavy quark drag coefficient. A non-decreasing drag coefficient as T→Tc is a major ingredient for a simultaneous description of RAA(pT and v2(pT.

  13. Pressure-induced frustration in charge ordered spinel AlV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalavathi, S.; Vennila Raju, Selva; Williams, Quentin; Sahu, P. Ch; Sastry, V. S.; Sahu, H. K.

    2013-07-01

    AlV2O4 is the only spinel compound so far known that exists in the charge ordered state at room temperature. It is known to transform to a charge frustrated cubic spinel structure above 427 ° C. The presence of multivalent V ions in the pyrochlore lattice of the cubic spinel phase brings about the charge frustration that is relieved in the room temperature rhombohedral phase by the clustering of vanadium into a heptamer molecular unit along with a lone V atom. The present work is the first demonstration of pressure-induced frustration in the charge ordered state of AlV2O4. Synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction studies carried out at room temperature on AlV2O4 subjected to high pressure in a diamond anvil cell show that the charge ordered rhombohedral phase becomes unstable under the application of pressure and transforms to the frustrated cubic spinel structure. The frustration is found to be present even after pressure recovery. The possible role of pressure on vanadium t2g orbitals in understanding these observations is discussed.

  14. RAID v2.0: an updated resource of RNA-associated interactions across organisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Ying; Zhao, Yue; Li, Chunhua; Zhang, Lin; Huang, Huiying; Li, Yana; Liu, Lanlan; Hou, Ping; Cui, Tianyu; Tan, Puwen; Hu, Yongfei; Zhang, Ting; Huang, Yan; Li, Xiaobo; Yu, Jia; Wang, Dong

    2017-01-01

    With the development of biotechnologies and computational prediction algorithms, the number of experimental and computational prediction RNA-associated interactions has grown rapidly in recent years. However, diverse RNA-associated interactions are scattered over a wide variety of resources and organisms, whereas a fully comprehensive view of diverse RNA-associated interactions is still not available for any species. Hence, we have updated the RAID database to version 2.0 (RAID v2.0, www.rna-society.org/raid/) by integrating experimental and computational prediction interactions from manually reading literature and other database resources under one common framework. The new developments in RAID v2.0 include (i) over 850-fold RNA-associated interactions, an enhancement compared to the previous version; (ii) numerous resources integrated with experimental or computational prediction evidence for each RNA-associated interaction; (iii) a reliability assessment for each RNA-associated interaction based on an integrative confidence score; and (iv) an increase of species coverage to 60. Consequently, RAID v2.0 recruits more than 5.27 million RNA-associated interactions, including more than 4 million RNA–RNA interactions and more than 1.2 million RNA–protein interactions, referring to nearly 130 000 RNA/protein symbols across 60 species. PMID:27899615

  15. Magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate: interpretation using the PI-RADS V2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torregrosa Andrés, A; Otero García, M; Sineiro Galiñanes, M

    Version 2 of the Prostate Imaging and Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) was developed to help in the detection, location, and characterization of prostate cancer with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Its recommendations for standardizing image acquisition parameters aims to reduce variability in the interpretation of MRI studies of the prostate; this approach, together with structured reporting, has the added value of improving communication among radiologists and between radiologists and urologists. This article aims to explain the PI-RADS v2 classification in a simple way, using illustrative images for each of the categories, as well as to recommend the use of a standard technique that helps ensure the reproducibility of multiparametric MRI. The PI-RADS v2 is simple to appy when reading multiparametric MRI studies of the prostate. It is important for radiologists doing prostate imaging to use the PI-RADS v2 in daily practice to write clear and concise reports that improve communication between radiologists and urologists. Copyright © 2016 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Kinect v2 and RGB Stereo Cameras Integration for Depth Map Enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravanelli, R.; Nascetti, A.; Crespi, M.

    2016-06-01

    Today range cameras are widespread low-cost sensors based on two different principles of operation: we can distinguish between Structured Light (SL) range cameras (Kinect v1, Structure Sensor, ...) and Time Of Flight (ToF) range cameras (Kinect v2, ...). Both the types are easy to use 3D scanners, able to reconstruct dense point clouds at high frame rate. However the depth maps obtained are often noisy and not enough accurate, therefore it is generally essential to improve their quality. Standard RGB cameras can be a valuable solution to solve such issue. The aim of this paper is therefore to evaluate the integration feasibility of these two different 3D modelling techniques, characterized by complementary features and based on standard low-cost sensors. For this purpose, a 3D model of a DUPLOTM bricks construction was reconstructed both with the Kinect v2 range camera and by processing one stereo pair acquired with a Canon Eos 1200D DSLR camera. The scale of the photgrammetric model was retrieved from the coordinates measured by Kinect v2. The preliminary results are encouraging and show that the foreseen integration could lead to an higher metric accuracy and a major level of completeness with respect to that obtained by using only separated techniques.

  17. LixV2O5 - Analysis of surface reactions by spectroscopic quartz crystal mircogravimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terwort, Jeroen; Berkemeier, Frank; Schmitz, Guido

    2016-12-01

    We investigate the electrochemical side reactions that occur during the cyclic lithiation/delithiation of sputter-deposited LixV2O5 films. For this purpose, the mass change of LixV2O5 films during lithiation/delithiation is measured by quartz crystal microgravimetry, while the electrical charge that is flowing during this reaction is measured by cyclic voltammetry. A time-resolved evaluation of the measurement data, in combination with an advanced type of data processing, finally allows us to calculate time-resolved quantitative mass spectra. These spectra provide information about the chemical species that take part during the electrochemical reactions. Based on this technique, we study the electrochemical side reactions between the LixV2O5 and the corresponding liquid electrolyte, i.e. we investigate the time-resolved formation of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer during long term cycling. We are able to identify several chemical species that are formed during cycling and moreover, we identify three different stages of SEI formation.

  18. Magnetic excitations and anomalous spin-wave broadening in multiferroic FeV2O4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Qiang [Ames Laboratory; Ramazanoglu, Mehmet [Ames Laboratory; Chi, Songxue [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Liu, Yong [Ames Laboratory; Lograsso, Thomas A. [Ames Laboratory; Vaknin, David [Ames Laboratory

    2014-06-01

    We report on the different roles of two orbital-active Fe2+ at the A site and V3+ at the B site in the magnetic excitations and on the anomalous spin-wave broadening in FeV2O4. FeV2O4 exhibits three structural transitions and successive paramagnetic (PM)–collinear ferrimagnetic (CFI)–noncollinear ferrimagnetic (NCFI)/ferroelectric transitions. The high-temperature tetragonal/PM–orthorhombic/CFI transition is accompanied by the appearance of a large energy gap in the magnetic excitations due to strong spin-orbit-coupling-induced anisotropy at the Fe2+ site. While there is no measurable increase in the energy gap from the orbital ordering of V3+ at the orthorhombic/CFI–tetragonal/NCFI transition, anomalous spin-wave broadening is observed in the orthorhombic/CFI state due to V3+ spin fluctuations at the B site. The spin-wave broadening is also observed at the zone boundary without softening in the NCFI/ferroelectric phase, which is discussed in terms of magnon-phonon coupling. Our study also indicates that the Fe2+ spins without the frustration at the A site may not play an important role in inducing ferroelectricity in the tetragonal/NCFI phase of FeV2O4.

  19. Highly Flexible Self-Assembled V2O5 Cathodes Enabled by Conducting Diblock Copolymers

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Hyosung; Mike, Jared; Smith, Kendall; Swank, Lisa; Lin, Yen-Hao; Pesek, Stacy; Verduzco, Rafael; Lutkenhaus, Jodie

    Structural energy storage materials combining load-bearing mechanical properties and high energy storage performance are desired for applications in wearable devices or flexible displays. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a promising cathode material for possible use in flexible battery electrodes, but it remains limited by low Li+ diffusion coefficient and electronic conductivity, severe volumetric changes upon cycling, and limited mechanical flexibility. Here, we demonstrate a route to address these challenges by blending a diblock copolymer bearing electron- and ion-conducting blocks, poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(ethyleneoxide) (P3HT- b-PEO), with V2O5 to form a mechanically flexible, electro-mechanically stable hybrid electrode. V2O5 layers were arranged parallel in brick-and-mortar-like fashion held together by the P3HT- b-PEO binder. This unique structure significantly enhances mechanical flexibility, toughness and cyclability without sacrificing capacity. Electrodes comprised of 10 wt% polymer have unusually high toughness (293 kJ/m3) and specific energy (530 Wh/kg), both higher than reduced graphene oxide paper electrodes.

  20. Vasopressin receptors V1a and V2 are not osmosensors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kasper Lykke; Assentoft, Mette; Fenton, Robert A;

    2015-01-01

    Herein, we investigated whether G protein-coupled signaling via the vasopressin receptors of the V1a and V2 subtypes (V1aR and V2R) could be obtained as a direct response to hyperosmolar challenges and/or whether hyperosmolar challenges could augment classical vasopressin-dependent V1aR signaling....... The V1aR-dependent response was monitored indirectly via its effects on aquaporin 4 (AQP4) when heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes and V1aR and V2R function was directly monitored following heterologous expression in COS-7 cells. A tendency toward an osmotically induced, V1aR-mediated reduction...... in AQP4-dependent water permeability was observed, although osmotic challenges failed to mimic vasopressin-dependent V1aR-mediated internalization of AQP4. Direct monitoring of inositol phosphate (IP) production of V1aR-expressing COS-7 cells demonstrated an efficient vasopressin-dependent response...

  1. Ultrasound Velocity Measurements in the Orbital-Degenerate Frustrated Spinel MgV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Tadataka; Ishikawa, Takashi; Hara, Shigeo; Islam, A. T. M. Nazmul; Wheeler, Elisa M.; Lake, Bella

    2014-03-01

    Magnesium vanadate spinel MgV2O4 is a geometrically frustrated magnet with t2 g-orbital degeneracy of V3+ (3d2), which undergoes a cubic-to-tetragonal structural transition at Ts = 65 K and an antiferromagnetic (AF) transition at TN = 42 K. For MgV2O4, it is considered that the occurrence of t2 g-orbital order at Ts causes the release of frustration by the AF ordering at TN lower than Ts. We performed ultrasound velocity measurements in high-purity single crystal of MgV2O4. Temperature dependence of the tetragonal shear modulus (C11 -C12)/2 exhibits huge Curie-type softening in the cubic paramagnetic (PM) phase (T >Ts), which should be a precursor to the cubic-to-tetragonal lattice distortion at Ts. The trigonal shear modulus C44(T) exhibits softening with an upturn curvature in the cubic PM phase, indicating a coupling of the lattice to magnetic excitations. These softenings suggest the coexistence of the dynamical Jahn-Teller effect and the dynamical magnetic state in the cubic PM phase.

  2. Figure and Ground in the Visual Cortex: V2 Combines Stereoscopic Cues with Gestalt Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Fangtu T.; von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    2006-01-01

    Figure-ground organization is a process by which the visual system identifies some image regions as foreground and others as background, inferring three-dimensional (3D) layout from 2D displays. A recent study reported that edge responses of neurons in area V2 are selective for side-of-figure, suggesting that figure-ground organization is encoded in the contour signals (border-ownership coding). Here we show that area V2 combines two strategies of computation, one that exploits binocular stereoscopic information for the definition of local depth order, and another that exploits the global configuration of contours (gestalt factors). These are combined in single neurons so that the ‘near’ side of the preferred 3D edge generally coincides with the preferred side-of-figure in 2D displays. Thus, area V2 represents the borders of 2D figures as edges of surfaces, as if the figures were objects in 3D space. Even in 3D displays gestalt factors influence the responses and can enhance or null the stereoscopic depth information. PMID:15996555

  3. A New V2G Control Strategy for Load Factor Improvement Using Smoothing Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHANHOM, P.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new vehicle-to-grid (V2G control strategy for improving the load factor in the power network. To operate the proposed strategy, the available storage capacity of the PEVs’ batteries is considered as a battery energy storage system (BESS for charging and discharging an amount of power corresponding to the V2G power command. Due to the remarkable advantages of the technique so-called simple moving average, it is selected for applying in the proposed V2G control strategy. In this research, for investigating the load factor improvement, the essential data including the daily-load profiles with 7-day and 14-day periods are used for the 3 studied cases. These 3 studied cases present the power network with variation of the PEVs locations for describing the PEVs usage and charging or discharging behavior. The performance of the proposed strategy is simulated and verified by the MATPOWER software. The simulation results show that the load factors of the 3 studied cases are improved. Moreover, the encouragement of energy arbitrage for the PEVs owners is also discussed in this paper.

  4. Electrical conductivity and dielectric studies of MnO2 doped V2O5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Foo Khoon; Hassan, Jumiah; Wahab, Zaidan Abd.; Azis, Raba'ah Syahidah

    The investigation on electrical conductivity and dielectric properties of mixed oxide of manganese (Mn) and vanadium (V) was carried out to study the mixed oxides response to different frequencies and different measuring temperatures. The frequency and temperature dependence of AC conductivity, dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor of mixed oxides were studied in the frequency range of 40 Hz-1 MHz and a temperature range of 30-250 °C. Since the mixed oxides are multi phase materials, hence the properties of the pure oxides are also presented in this study to discuss the multi phase behaviour of the mixed oxides. The XRD pattern shows the Mn-V oxide is multiphase and quantitative phase analysis was performed to determine the relative phases. The overall results indicate that with increasing temperature, the AC conductivity, dielectric constant, dielectric loss factor and loss tangent of the Mn-V mixed oxide increases. However, it shows an overlap in the dielectric constant at 225 °C and 250 °C due to the V2O5 phase in the mixed oxide. From the AC activation energy, the mixed oxides underwent conduction mechanism transition from band to hopping in the investigated frequency range. The MnV2O6 has relatively good resistivity, therefore the mixed oxide sintered at 550 °C with the highest composition of MnV2O6 gives the highest dielectric constant of 9845 at 1 kHz, and at 250 °C.

  5. Orbital degeneracy near the itinerant electron limit in CoV2 O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reig-I-Plessis, D.; Casavant, D.; Garlea, V. O.; Aczel, A. A.; Feygenson, M.; Neuefeind, J.; Zhou, H. D.; Nagler, S. E.; MacDougall, G. J.

    Vanadium spinels, AV2O4 have both magnetic frustration and orbital degeneracy on the V3+ sublattice, which lead to strong coupling of the orbital, lattice and spin degrees of freedom. Additionally, upon decreasing the V-V distance, the material is predicted to go from a Mott insulator to a metallic phase. Of all the materials in the AV2O4 series, CoV2O4 is closest to the predicted transition, and it's debated whether it may be fully described by either localized or itinerant electrons pictures. In all other studied vanadium spinels, there is a cubic to tetragonal transition associated with ordering of the degenerate V3+ orbitals, consistent with a local orbital picture but, this transition is surprisingly absent from CoV2O4 despite being an insulator with local spins. In this talk we present recent high resolution neutron diffraction and inelastic scattering measurements by our group on powders of CoV2O4. Diffraction data show there is small but clear first order structural transition present which correlates with canting of the V3+ spins, while inelastic data are well described by a local spinwave picture. We discuss how these results contribute evidence of a local orbital ordering phase in the region near electron itinerancy. This work was sponsored by NSF Grant DMR-145526.

  6. Microgrid and Plug in Electric Vehicle (PEV) with Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Power Services Capability (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    for public release Microgrid and Plug in Electric Vehicle (PEV) with Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Power Services Capability Shukri Kazbour PEV Lead Engineer...00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Microgrid and Plug in Electric Vehicle (PEV) with Vehicle to Grid (V2G) Power Services Capability...Infrastructure Demonstration for Energy Reliability and Security Phase-II (SPIDERS-II) • Plug in Electric Vehicle (PEV) and V2G Power services 2. Tactical

  7. Fusion Reactor Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decreton, M

    2002-04-01

    The objective of SCK-CEN's programme on fusion reactor materials is to contribute to the knowledge on the radiation-induced behaviour of fusion reactor materials and components as well as to help the international community in building the scientific and technical basis needed for the construction of the future reactor. Ongoing projects include: the study of the mechanical and chemical (corrosion) behaviour of structural materials under neutron irradiation and water coolant environment; the investigation of the characteristics of irradiated first wall material such as beryllium; investigations on the management of materials resulting from the dismantling of fusion reactors including waste disposal. Progress and achievements in these areas in 2001 are discussed.

  8. New reactor type proposed

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Russian scientists at the Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering in Moscow are hoping to develop a new reactor that will use lead and bismuth as fuel instead of uranium and plutonium" (1/2 page).

  9. Reactor Neutrino Spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Hayes, A C

    2016-01-01

    We present a review of the antineutrino spectra emitted from reactors. Knowledge of these and their associated uncertainties are crucial for neutrino oscillation studies. The spectra used to-date have been determined by either conversion of measured electron spectra to antineutrino spectra or by summing over all of the thousands of transitions that makeup the spectra using modern databases as input. The uncertainties in the subdominant corrections to beta-decay plague both methods, and we provide estimates of these uncertainties. Improving on current knowledge of the antineutrino spectra from reactors will require new experiments. Such experiments would also address the so-called reactor neutrino anomaly and the possible origin of the shoulder observed in the antineutrino spectra measured in recent high-statistics reactor neutrino experiments.

  10. Reactor BR2. Introduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubel, P

    2001-04-01

    The BR2 is a materials testing reactor and is still one of SCK-CEN's important nuclear facilities. After an extensive refurbishment to compensate for the ageing of the installation, the reactor was restarted in April 1997. During the last three years, the availability of the installation was maintained at an average level of 97.6 percent. In the year 2000, the reactor was operated for a total of 104 days at a mean power of 56 MW. In 2000, most irradiation experiments were performed in the CALLISTO PWR loop. The report describes irradiations achieved or under preparation in 2000, including the development of advanced facilities and concept studies for new programmes. An overview of the scientific irradiation programmes as well as of the R and D programme of the BR2 reactor in 2000 is given.

  11. High-temperature heat capacity of oxides of the CuO-V2O5 system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denisova, L. T.; Belousova, N. V.; Denisov, V. M.; Galiakhmetova, N. A.

    2017-06-01

    CuV2O6 and Cu2V2O7 compounds have been produced from initial components CuO and V2O5 by solid-phase synthesis. The high-temperature heat capacity of the oxide compounds has been measured using differential scanning calorimetry. The thermodynamic properties (the enthalpy change, the entropy change, and the reduced Gibbs energy) have been calculated using experimental dependences C P = f( T). It is found that there is a correlation between the specific heat capacity and the composition of oxides of the CuO-V2O5 system.

  12. SpaceCube v2.0 Space Flight Hybrid Reconfigurable Data Processing System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrick, Dave

    2014-01-01

    This paper details the design architecture, design methodology, and the advantages of the SpaceCube v2.0 high performance data processing system for space applications. The purpose in building the SpaceCube v2.0 system is to create a superior high performance, reconfigurable, hybrid data processing system that can be used in a multitude of applications including those that require a radiation hardened and reliable solution. The SpaceCube v2.0 system leverages seven years of board design, avionics systems design, and space flight application experiences. This paper shows how SpaceCube v2.0 solves the increasing computing demands of space data processing applications that cannot be attained with a standalone processor approach.The main objective during the design stage is to find a good system balance between power, size, reliability, cost, and data processing capability. These design variables directly impact each other, and it is important to understand how to achieve a suitable balance. This paper will detail how these critical design factors were managed including the construction of an Engineering Model for an experiment on the International Space Station to test out design concepts. We will describe the designs for the processor card, power card, backplane, and a mission unique interface card. The mechanical design for the box will also be detailed since it is critical in meeting the stringent thermal and structural requirements imposed by the processing system. In addition, the mechanical design uses advanced thermal conduction techniques to solve the internal thermal challenges.The SpaceCube v2.0 processing system is based on an extended version of the 3U cPCI standard form factor where each card is 190mm x 100mm in size The typical power draw of the processor card is 8 to 10W and scales with application complexity. The SpaceCube v2.0 data processing card features two Xilinx Virtex-5 QV Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), eight memory modules, a monitor

  13. Future Reactor Experiments

    OpenAIRE

    He, Miao

    2013-01-01

    The measurement of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ opens a gateway for the next generation experiments to measure the neutrino mass hierarchy and the leptonic CP-violating phase. Future reactor experiments will focus on mass hierarchy determination and the precision measurement of mixing parameters. Mass hierarchy can be determined from the disappearance of reactor electron antineutrinos based on the interference effect of two separated oscillation modes. Relative and absolute measure...

  14. Reactor Neutrino Experiments

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Jun

    2007-01-01

    Precisely measuring $\\theta_{13}$ is one of the highest priority in neutrino oscillation study. Reactor experiments can cleanly determine $\\theta_{13}$. Past reactor neutrino experiments are reviewed and status of next precision $\\theta_{13}$ experiments are presented. Daya Bay is designed to measure $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ to better than 0.01 and Double Chooz and RENO are designed to measure it to 0.02-0.03. All are heading to full operation in 2010. Recent improvements in neutrino moment measu...

  15. Department of Reactor Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde

    The general development of the Department of Reactor Technology at Risø during 1981 is presented, and the activities within the major subject fields are described in some detail. Lists of staff, publications, and computer programs are included.......The general development of the Department of Reactor Technology at Risø during 1981 is presented, and the activities within the major subject fields are described in some detail. Lists of staff, publications, and computer programs are included....

  16. Helias reactor studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beidler, C.D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Grieger, G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Harmeyer, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Kisslinger, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Karulin, N. [Nuclear Fusion Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Maurer, W. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Technik und Umwelt (Germany); Nuehrenberg, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Rau, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Sapper, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Wobig, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany)

    1995-10-01

    The present status of Helias reactor studies is characterised by the identification and investigation of specific issues which result from the particular properties of this type of stellarator. On the technical side these are issues related to the coil system, while physics studies have concentrated on confinement, alpha-particle behaviour and ignition conditions. The usual assumptions have been made in those fields which are common to all toroidal fusion reactors: blanket and shield, refuelling and exhaust, safety and economic aspects. For blanket and shield sufficient space has been provided, a detailed concept will be developed in future. To date more emphasis has been placed on scoping and parameter studies as opposed to fixing a specific set of parameters and providing a detailed point study. One result of the Helias reactor studies is that physical dimensions are on the same order as those of tokamak reactors. However, it should be noticed that this comparison is difficult in view of the large spectrum of tokamak reactors ranging from a small reactor like Aries, to a large device such as SEAFP. The notion that the large aspect ratio of 10 or more in Helias configurations also leads to large reactors is misleading, since the large major radius of 22 m is compensated by the average plasma radius of 1.8 m and the average coil radius of 5 m. The plasma volume of 1400 m{sup 3} is about the same as the ITER reactor and the magnetic energy of the coil system is about the same or even slightly smaller than envisaged in ITER. (orig.)

  17. INVAP's Research Reactor Designs

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Villarino; Alicia Doval

    2011-01-01

    INVAP, an Argentine company founded more than three decades ago, is today recognized as one of the leaders within the research reactor industry. INVAP has participated in several projects covering a wide range of facilities, designed in accordance with the requirements of our different clients. For complying with these requirements, INVAP developed special skills and capabilities to deal with different fuel assemblies, different core cooling systems, and different reactor layouts. This paper ...

  18. The reactor antineutrino anomalies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haser, Julia; Buck, Christian; Lindner, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    Major discoveries were made in the past few years in the field of neutrino flavour oscillation. Nuclear reactors produce a clean and intense flux of electron antineutrinos and are thus an essential neutrino source for the determination of oscillation parameters. Most currently the reactor antineutrino experiments Double Chooz, Daya Bay and RENO have accomplished to measure θ{sub 13}, the smallest of the three-flavour mixing angles. In the course of these experiments two anomalies emerged: (1) the reanalysis of the reactor predictions revealed a deficit in experimentally observed antineutrino flux, known as the ''reactor antineutrino anomaly''. (2) The high precision of the latest generation of neutrino experiments resolved a spectral shape distortion relative to the expected energy spectra. Both puzzles are yet to be solved and triggered new experimental as well as theoretical studies, with the search for light sterile neutrinos as most popular explanation for the flux anomaly. This talk outlines the two reactor antineutrino anomalies. Discussing possible explanations for their occurrence, recent and upcoming efforts to solve the reactor puzzles are highlighted.

  19. Moon base reactor system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, H.; Flores, J.; Nguyen, M.; Carsen, K.

    1989-01-01

    The objective of our reactor design is to supply a lunar-based research facility with 20 MW(e). The fundamental layout of this lunar-based system includes the reactor, power conversion devices, and a radiator. The additional aim of this reactor is a longevity of 12 to 15 years. The reactor is a liquid metal fast breeder that has a breeding ratio very close to 1.0. The geometry of the core is cylindrical. The metallic fuel rods are of beryllium oxide enriched with varying degrees of uranium, with a beryllium core reflector. The liquid metal coolant chosen was natural lithium. After the liquid metal coolant leaves the reactor, it goes directly into the power conversion devices. The power conversion devices are Stirling engines. The heated coolant acts as a hot reservoir to the device. It then enters the radiator to be cooled and reenters the Stirling engine acting as a cold reservoir. The engines' operating fluid is helium, a highly conductive gas. These Stirling engines are hermetically sealed. Although natural lithium produces a lower breeding ratio, it does have a larger temperature range than sodium. It is also corrosive to steel. This is why the container material must be carefully chosen. One option is to use an expensive alloy of cerbium and zirconium. The radiator must be made of a highly conductive material whose melting point temperature is not exceeded in the reactor and whose structural strength can withstand meteor showers.

  20. MacWillia ms Identities of Linear Codes Over Ring R+vR+v2R%环R+vR+v2 R上线性码的Mac Wi lli ams恒等式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱士信; 黄磊

    2016-01-01

    By constructing gray map,linear codes over ring R+vR+v2 R are studied.The Lee weight and several clas-ses of weight enumerators about linear codes over ring R+vR+v2 R are defined,the MacWilliams identities of weight distri-butions between the linear codes and their dual codes over ring R+vR+v2 R are given.According to these identities,we can get the weight distributions of dual codes directly without obtaining the dual codes of linear codes over ring R+vR+v2 R.%通过构造Gray映射,对环R+vR+v2 R上线性码进行了研究。定义了环R+vR+v2 R上线性码的Lee重量及其几类重量计数器,给出了环R+vR+v2 R上线性码及其对偶码之间的各种重量分布的MacWilliams恒等式。利用这些恒等式,不用求出环R+vR+v2 R上线性码的对偶码便可得到对偶码的各种重量分布。

  1. Reactor On-Off Antineutrino Measurement with KamLAND

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2013-01-01

    The recent long-term shutdown of Japanese nuclear reactors has resulted in a significantly reduced reactor $\\bar{nu}_{e}$ flux at KamLAND. This running condition provides a unique opportunity to confirm and constrain backgrounds for the reactor $\\bar{nu}_{e}$ oscillation analysis. The data set also has improved sensitivity for other $\\bar{nu}_{e}$ signals, in particular $\\bar{nu}_{e}$'s produced in $\\beta$-decays from $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th within the Earth's interior, whose energy spectrum overlaps with that of reactor $\\bar{nu}_{e}$'s. Including constraints on $\\theta_{13}$ from accelerator and short-baseline reactor neutrino experiments, a combined three-flavor analysis of solar and KamLAND data gives fit values for the oscillation parameters of $tan^{2} \\theta_{12} = 0.436^{+0.029}_{-0.025}$, $\\Delta m^{2}_{21} = 7.53^{+0.18}_{-0.18} \\times 10^{-5} {eV}^{2}$, and $sin^{2} \\theta_{13} = 0.023^{+0.002}_{-0.002}$. Assuming a chondritic Th/U mass ratio, we obtain $116^{+28}_{-27}$ $\\bar{nu}_{e}$ events from...

  2. Genetic dissection of Gata2 selective functions during specification of V2 interneurons in the developing spinal cord.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francius, Cédric; Ravassard, Philippe; Hidalgo-Figueroa, María; Mallet, Jacques; Clotman, Frédéric; Nardelli, Jeannette

    2015-07-01

    Motor activities are controlled by neural networks in the ventral spinal cord and consist in motor neurons and a set of distinct cardinal classes of spinal interneurons. These interneurons arise from distinct progenitor domains (p0-p3) delineated according to a transcriptional code. Neural progenitors of each domain express a unique combination of transcription factors (TFs) that largely contribute to determine the fate of four classes of interneurons (V0-V3) and motor neurons. In p2 domain, at least four subtypes of interneurons namely V2a, V2b, V2c, and Pax6(+) V2 are generated. Although genetic and molecular mechanisms that specify V2a and V2b are dependent on complex interplay between several TFs including Nkx6.1, Irx3, Gata2, Foxn4, and Ascl1, and signaling pathways such as Notch and TGF-β, the sequence order of the activation of these regulators and their respective contribution are not completely elucidated yet. Here, we provide evidence by loss- or gain-of-function experiments that Gata2 is necessary for the normal development of both V2a and V2b neurons. We demonstrate that Nkx6.1 and Dll4 positively regulate the activation of Gata2 and Foxn4 in p2 progenitors. Gata2 also participates in the maintenance of p2 domain by repressing motor neuron differentiation and exerting a feedback control on patterning genes. Finally, Gata2 promotes the selective activation of V2b program at the expense of V2a fate. Thus our results provide new insights on the hierarchy and complex interactions between regulators of V2 genetic program.

  3. Roscovitine differentially affects CaV2 and Kv channels by binding to the open state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buraei, Zafir; Schofield, Geoffrey; Elmslie, Keith S

    2007-03-01

    Roscovitine potently inhibits cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) and can independently slow the closing of neuronal (CaV2.2) calcium channels. We were interested if this drug could affect other ion channels similarly. Using whole cell recordings, we found that roscovitine specifically slows deactivation of all CaV2 channels (N, P/Q and R) by binding to the open state. This effect had a rapid onset and EC(50)=54, 120 and 54microM for N-, P/Q-, and R-type channels, respectively. Deactivation of other channel types was not slowed, including L-type calcium channels (CaV1.2, CaV1.3), potassium channels (native, Kv4.2, Kv2.1 and Kv1.3), and native sodium channels. However, most of the channels tested were inhibited by roscovitine. The inhibition was characterized by slow development and a lower affinity (EC(50)=100-300microM). Surprisingly, potassium channels were rapidly inhibited with an EC(50)=23microM, which is similar to the EC(50) for roscovitine block of cell division [Meijer, L., Borgne, A., Mulner, O., Chong, J., Blow, J., Inagaki, N., Inagaki, M., Delcros, J., Moulinoux, J., 1997. Biochemical and cellular effects of roscovitine, a potent and selective inhibitor of the cyclin-dependent kinases cdc2, cdk2 and cdk5. Eur. J. Biochem. 243, 527-536]. Potassium current inhibition seemed to result from open channel block. The high potency of these two rapid onset effects makes them complicating factors for ongoing clinical trials and research using roscovitine. Thus, the physiology and pharmacology of slow CaV2 deactivation and potassium channel block must be explored.

  4. The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) for space habitation and exploration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duda, Kevin R; Vasquez, Rebecca A; Middleton, Akil J; Hansberry, Mitchell L; Newman, Dava J; Jacobs, Shane E; West, John J

    2015-01-01

    The "Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) for Space Habitation and Exploration" is a novel system concept that provides a platform for integrating sensors and actuators with daily astronaut intravehicular activities to improve health and performance, while reducing the mass and volume of the physiologic adaptation countermeasure systems, as well as the required exercise time during long-duration space exploration missions. The V2Suit system leverages wearable kinematic monitoring technology and uses inertial measurement units (IMUs) and control moment gyroscopes (CMGs) within miniaturized modules placed on body segments to provide a "viscous resistance" during movements against a specified direction of "down"-initially as a countermeasure to the sensorimotor adaptation performance decrements that manifest themselves while living and working in microgravity and during gravitational transitions during long-duration spaceflight, including post-flight recovery and rehabilitation. Several aspects of the V2Suit system concept were explored and simulated prior to developing a brassboard prototype for technology demonstration. This included a system architecture for identifying the key components and their interconnects, initial identification of key human-system integration challenges, development of a simulation architecture for CMG selection and parameter sizing, and the detailed mechanical design and fabrication of a module. The brassboard prototype demonstrates closed-loop control from "down" initialization through CMG actuation, and provides a research platform for human performance evaluations to mitigate sensorimotor adaptation, as well as a tool for determining the performance requirements when used as a musculoskeletal deconditioning countermeasure. This type of countermeasure system also has Earth benefits, particularly in gait or movement stabilization and rehabilitation.

  5. The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit for Space Habitation and Exploration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin R Duda

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit for Space Habitation and Exploration is a novel system concept that provides a platform for integrating sensors and actuators with daily astronaut intravehicular activities to improve health and performance, while reducing the mass and volume of the physiologic adaptation countermeasure systems, as well as the required exercise time during long-duration space exploration missions. The V2Suit system leverages wearable kinematic monitoring technology and uses inertial measurement units (IMUs and control moment gyroscopes (CMGs within miniaturized modules placed on body segments to provide a viscous resistance during movements against a specified direction of down – initially as a countermeasure to the sensorimotor adaptation performance decrements that manifest themselves while living and working in microgravity and during gravitational transitions during long-duration spaceflight, including post-flight recovery and rehabilitation. Several aspects of the V2Suit system concept were explored and simulated prior to developing a brassboard prototype for technology demonstration. This included a system architecture for identifying the key components and their interconnects, initial identification of key human-system integration challenges, development of a simulation architecture for CMG selection and parameter sizing, and the detailed mechanical design and fabrication of a module. The brassboard prototype demonstrates closed-loop control from down initialization through CMG actuation, and provides a research platform for human performance evaluations to mitigate sensorimotor adaptation, as well as a tool for determining the performance requirements when used as a musculoskeletal deconditioning countermeasure. This type of countermeasure system also has Earth benefits, particularly in gait or movement stabilization and rehabilitation.

  6. Identification of CYP4V2 mutation in 36 Chinese families with Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xiaobei; Yang, Liping; Chen, Ningning; Cui, Hui; Zhao, Lin; Feng, Lina; Li, Aijun; Zhang, Huirong; Ma, Zhizhong; Li, Genlin

    2016-05-01

    Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is an inherited eye disease that is most common in the Chinese. It is caused by a mutation in the CYP4V2 gene. In this study, 43 Chinese BCD families were recruited; most patients manifested the characteristic phenotype of BCD, with 2 families initially misdiagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa. Five patients in our cohort presented with BCD and choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and 1 patient presented with typical BCD and abnormality in the terminals of both fingers and toes. A total of 17 pathogenic mutations involving 68 alleles were identified from 36 families using targeted exon sequencing and Sanger sequencing; we achieved a diagnostic rate of approximately 84%. Fifteen families were found to carry homozygous mutations, 17 families carried compound heterozygous mutations, and 4 families carried a single heterozygous mutation. Of the mutations identified, four variants c.802-8_810del17bpinsGC, c.802-8_810del17bpinsGT, c.992A > C (p.H331P), and c.1091-2A > G accounted for 71% of the mutations identified in CYP4V2. These mutations were hotspots in Chinese populations for BCD. Five among them were novel and predicted to be disease-causing, including c.65T > A (p.L22H), c.681_4delTGAG (p.S227Rfs*1), c.802-8_810del17bpinsGT, c.965_7delAAG (p.321delE), and c.994G > A (p.D332N). No apparent correlation between genotype and phenotype was identified. Our findings broaden the spectrum of CYP4V2 mutations that cause BCD and the phenotypic spectrum of the disease in Chinese families. These results will be useful for the genetic diagnosis of BCD, genetic consultation, and gene therapy in the future.

  7. Reactor Safety Planning for Prometheus Project, for Naval Reactors Information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    P. Delmolino

    2005-05-06

    The purpose of this letter is to submit to Naval Reactors the initial plan for the Prometheus project Reactor Safety work. The Prometheus project is currently developing plans for cold physics experiments and reactor prototype tests. These tests and facilities may require safety analysis and siting support. In addition to the ground facilities, the flight reactor units will require unique analyses to evaluate the risk to the public from normal operations and credible accident conditions. This letter outlines major safety documents that will be submitted with estimated deliverable dates. Included in this planning is the reactor servicing documentation and shipping analysis that will be submitted to Naval Reactors.

  8. Searching the protein structure database for ligand-binding site similarities using CPASS v.2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caprez Adam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A recent analysis of protein sequences deposited in the NCBI RefSeq database indicates that ~8.5 million protein sequences are encoded in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, where ~30% are explicitly annotated as "hypothetical" or "uncharacterized" protein. Our Comparison of Protein Active-Site Structures (CPASS v.2 database and software compares the sequence and structural characteristics of experimentally determined ligand binding sites to infer a functional relationship in the absence of global sequence or structure similarity. CPASS is an important component of our Functional Annotation Screening Technology by NMR (FAST-NMR protocol and has been successfully applied to aid the annotation of a number of proteins of unknown function. Findings We report a major upgrade to our CPASS software and database that significantly improves its broad utility. CPASS v.2 is designed with a layered architecture to increase flexibility and portability that also enables job distribution over the Open Science Grid (OSG to increase speed. Similarly, the CPASS interface was enhanced to provide more user flexibility in submitting a CPASS query. CPASS v.2 now allows for both automatic and manual definition of ligand-binding sites and permits pair-wise, one versus all, one versus list, or list versus list comparisons. Solvent accessible surface area, ligand root-mean square difference, and Cβ distances have been incorporated into the CPASS similarity function to improve the quality of the results. The CPASS database has also been updated. Conclusions CPASS v.2 is more than an order of magnitude faster than the original implementation, and allows for multiple simultaneous job submissions. Similarly, the CPASS database of ligand-defined binding sites has increased in size by ~ 38%, dramatically increasing the likelihood of a positive search result. The modification to the CPASS similarity function is effective in reducing CPASS similarity scores

  9. Collision-induced absorption in the v2 fundamental band of 12CH4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Ze-Jin; Cheng Xin-Lu; Yang Xiang-Dong

    2007-01-01

    The integrated intensities of the collision-induced absorption of the v2 band of 12CH4 perturbed by Ar have been calculated theoretically using the ab initio calculations, and the value of the quadrupole transition moment we obtained is = 5.226ea(20). The corresponding experimental value obtained from 12CH4-Ar spectra is || = 4.931ea(20).Ignoring vibration-rotation interaction and Coriolis interaction, and considering both the theoretical approximations and experimental uncertainties, the agreement can be regarded as good, thus confirming that the enhancement is due to the quadrupole collision-induced mechanism.

  10. Annealing Effect of Magnetostriction in Fe49Co49V2 Alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology, P.O.Box 135 Pohang, 790-600, Korea A Fe49Co49V2 alloy was annealed at 500, 750, 800 and 900℃. The magnetostriction was measured by Michelson laser interferometer to receive the feedback signal of OPL variation. With the increase of annealing temperature, the grain size of texture in samples increases due to the recrystallization. Magnetostriction of 2× 10-6 at H=60 Oe increases up to 38 × 10-6 at annealing temperature of 900C, suggesting that the magnetostrictive characteristics are improved by the microstructural modification.

  11. MD5解密器速度加强版V2.2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    解MD5密码的破解软件很多.今天介绍的这款MD5解密器速度加强版是原作者在此软件V2.0的基础上去除了影响速度的功能.并对加密算法进行了修改的结果.速度比同类解密器快了非常多。

  12. FIRST EXPERIENCES WITH KINECT V2 SENSOR FOR CLOSE RANGE 3D MODELLING

    OpenAIRE

    E. Lachat; Macher, H.; Mittet, M.-A.; Landes, T.; P. Grussenmeyer

    2015-01-01

    RGB-D cameras, also known as range imaging cameras, are a recent generation of sensors. As they are suitable for measuring distances to objects at high frame rate, such sensors are increasingly used for 3D acquisitions, and more generally for applications in robotics or computer vision. This kind of sensors became popular especially since the Kinect v1 (Microsoft) arrived on the market in November 2010. In July 2014, Windows has released a new sensor, the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor, based o...

  13. 3D Environment Mapping Using the Kinect V2 and Path Planning Based on RRT Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilbert G. Aguilar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a 3D path planning system that is able to provide a solution trajectory for the automatic control of a robot. The proposed system uses a point cloud obtained from the robot workspace, with a Kinect V2 sensor to identify the interest regions and the obstacles of the environment. Our proposal includes a collision-free path planner based on the Rapidly-exploring Random Trees variant (RRT*, for a safe and optimal navigation of robots in 3D spaces. Results on RGB-D segmentation and recognition, point cloud processing, and comparisons between different RRT* algorithms, are presented.

  14. The feasibility of using Microsoft Kinect v2 sensors during radiotherapy delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmunds, David M; Bashforth, Sophie E; Tahavori, Fatemeh; Wells, Kevin; Donovan, Ellen M

    2016-11-01

    Consumer-grade distance sensors, such as the Microsoft Kinect devices (v1 and v2), have been investigated for use as marker-free motion monitoring systems for radiotherapy. The radiotherapy delivery environment is challenging for such sensors because of the proximity to electromagnetic interference (EMI) from the pulse forming network which fires the magnetron and electron gun of a linear accelerator (linac) during radiation delivery, as well as the requirement to operate them from the control area. This work investigated whether using Kinect v2 sensors as motion monitors was feasible during radiation delivery. Three sensors were used each with a 12 m USB 3.0 active cable which replaced the supplied 3 m USB 3.0 cable. Distance output data from the Kinect v2 sensors was recorded under four conditions of linac operation: (i) powered up only, (ii) pulse forming network operating with no radiation, (iii) pulse repetition frequency varied between 6 Hz and 400 Hz, (iv) dose rate varied between 50 and 1450 monitor units (MU) per minute. A solid water block was used as an object and imaged when static, moved in a set of steps from 0.6 m to 2.0 m from the sensor and moving dynamically in two sinusoidal-like trajectories. Few additional image artifacts were observed and there was no impact on the tracking of the motion patterns (root mean squared accuracy of 1.4 and 1.1 mm, respectively). The sensors' distance accuracy varied by 2.0 to 3.8 mm (1.2 to 1.4 mm post distance calibration) across the range measured; the precision was 1 mm. There was minimal effect from the EMI on the distance calibration data: 0 mm or 1 mm reported distance change (2 mm maximum change at one position). Kinect v2 sensors operated with 12 m USB 3.0 active cables appear robust to the radiotherapy treatment environment. PACS number(s): 87.53 JW, 87.55 N-, 87.63 L.

  15. Ultrasound velocity measurements in orbital-degenerate frustrated spinel MgV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, T.; Watanabe, T.; Hara, S.; Islam, A. T. M. N.; Wheeler, E. M.; Lake, B.

    2015-03-01

    Ultrasound velocity measurements of the orbital-degenerate frustrated spinel MgV2O4 are performed in the disorder-free high-purity single crystal which exhibits successive structural and antiferromagnetic phase transitions, and in the disorder-introduced single crystal which exhibits spin-glass-like behavior. The measurements reveal coexisting two types of anomalous temperature dependence of the elastic moduli in the cubic paramagnetic phase: Curie-type softening with decreasing temperature, and softening with a characteristic minimum with decreasing temperature. These elastic anomalies should respectively originate from the coexisting orbital fluctuations and spin-cluster excitations.

  16. Detection of explosive atmospheres using the software AtmosXp V 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Mauricio Álvarez Álvarez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las condiciones de atmósferas explosivas y acumulación de gases dentro de las minas subterráneas de carbón requieren un anális is detallado y el desarrollo de modelos y mecanismos que permitan su detección. Para tal fin se ha desarrollado el software Atmos Xp V2.0 que incluye el diagrama de Coward para el análisis de estas mez clas explosivas.

  17. Structural transition and orbital glass physics in near itinerant CoV2O4

    OpenAIRE

    Reig-i-Plessis, D.; Casavant, D.; Garlea, V. O.; Aczel, A. A.; Feygenson, M.; Neuefeind, J.; Zhou, H. D.; Nagler, S.E.; MacDougall, G. J.

    2015-01-01

    The ferrimagnetic spinel $\\mathrm{CoV_2O_4}$ has been a topic of intense recent interest, both as a frustrated insulator with unquenched orbital degeneracy and as a near-itinerant magnet which can be driven metallic with moderate applied pressure. Here, we report on our recent neutron diffraction and inelastic scattering measurements on powders with minimal cation site disorder. Our main new result is the identification of a weak ($\\frac{\\Delta a}{a} \\sim 10^{-4}$), first order structural pha...

  18. REACTOR GROUT THERMAL PROPERTIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steimke, J.; Qureshi, Z.; Restivo, M.; Guerrero, H.

    2011-01-28

    Savannah River Site has five dormant nuclear production reactors. Long term disposition will require filling some reactor buildings with grout up to ground level. Portland cement based grout will be used to fill the buildings with the exception of some reactor tanks. Some reactor tanks contain significant quantities of aluminum which could react with Portland cement based grout to form hydrogen. Hydrogen production is a safety concern and gas generation could also compromise the structural integrity of the grout pour. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a non-Portland cement grout to fill reactors that contain significant quantities of aluminum. Grouts generate heat when they set, so the potential exists for large temperature increases in a large pour, which could compromise the integrity of the pour. The primary purpose of the testing reported here was to measure heat of hydration, specific heat, thermal conductivity and density of various reactor grouts under consideration so that these properties could be used to model transient heat transfer for different pouring strategies. A secondary purpose was to make qualitative judgments of grout pourability and hardened strength. Some reactor grout formulations were unacceptable because they generated too much heat, or started setting too fast, or required too long to harden or were too weak. The formulation called 102H had the best combination of characteristics. It is a Calcium Alumino-Sulfate grout that contains Ciment Fondu (calcium aluminate cement), Plaster of Paris (calcium sulfate hemihydrate), sand, Class F fly ash, boric acid and small quantities of additives. This composition afforded about ten hours of working time. Heat release began at 12 hours and was complete by 24 hours. The adiabatic temperature rise was 54 C which was within specification. The final product was hard and displayed no visible segregation. The density and maximum particle size were within specification.

  19. Constraining Sterile Neutrinos Using Reactor Neutrino Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Girardi, Ivan; Ohlsson, Tommy; Zhang, He; Zhou, Shun

    2014-01-01

    Models of neutrino mixing involving one or more sterile neutrinos have resurrected their importance in the light of recent cosmological data. In this case, reactor antineutrino experiments offer an ideal place to look for signatures of sterile neutrinos due to their impact on neutrino flavor transitions. In this work, we show that the high-precision data of the Daya Bay experi\\-ment constrain the 3+1 neutrino scenario imposing upper bounds on the relevant active-sterile mixing angle $\\sin^2 2 \\theta_{14} \\lesssim 0.06$ at 3$\\sigma$ confidence level for the mass-squared difference $\\Delta m^2_{41}$ in the range $(10^{-3},10^{-1}) \\, {\\rm eV^2}$. The latter bound can be improved by six years of running of the JUNO experiment, $\\sin^22\\theta_{14} \\lesssim 0.016$, although in the smaller mass range $ \\Delta m^2_{41} \\in (10^{-4} ,10^{-3}) \\, {\\rm eV}^2$. We have also investigated the impact of sterile neutrinos on precision measurements of the standard neutrino oscillation parameters $\\theta_{13}$ and $\\Delta m^2...

  20. Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of o-xylene over V2O5/ZrO2 Catalysts

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kesavan Pillai, Sreejarani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study has undertaken the Friedel-Crafts benzylation of aromatics over the V2O5/ZrO2 catalysts systems. Catalysts with different V2O5 content (0-15wt %) was prepared by wet impregnation method and characterized by XRD, BET surface area...

  1. Rare Earth Free Zn3V2O8 Phosphor with Controlled Microstructure and Its Photocatalytic Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hom Nath Luitel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Microsphere of rare earth free phosphor, Zn3V2O8, with broadband yellowish white emission was synthesized by combustion route and compared with the hydrothermal, sol-gel, and solid state reaction methods. The phosphor samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. UV-visible absorption and photoluminescence (PL emission and excitation spectra were investigated for these phosphors. Zn3V2O8 phosphor containing 10 mol% of H3BO3 flux exhibited enhanced PL emission showing broadband from 450 nm to 750 nm. Effect of stoichiometry of Zn and V on the host lattice and its effect on the PL emission spectra were studied. Series of Mg3V2O8, Ca3V2O8, and Sr3V2O8 phosphors were also synthesized and compared to the Zn3V2O8 phosphor in terms of PL emission and internal quantum yield, and it was found that Zn3V2O8 is the most efficient phosphor among the other phosphors studied with quantum yield of 60%. The visible light irradiated photocatalytic activity of these phosphors was investigated and it was found that the hydrothermal Zn3V2O8 exhibited enhanced activity.

  2. Heterogeneous TiO2/V2O5/Carbon Nanotube Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurttepeli, Mert; Deng, Shaoren; Mattelaer, Felix; Cott, Daire J; Vereecken, Philippe; Dendooven, Jolien; Detavernier, Christophe; Bals, Sara

    2017-03-08

    Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is proposed and investigated as a cathode material for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. However, the dissolution of V2O5 during the charge/discharge remains as an issue at the V2O5-electrolyte interface. In this work, we present a heterogeneous nanostructure with carbon nanotubes supported V2O5/titanium dioxide (TiO2) multilayers as electrodes for thin-film Li-ion batteries. Atomic layer deposition of V2O5 on carbon nanotubes provides enhanced Li storage capacity and high rate performance. An additional TiO2 layer leads to increased morphological stability and in return higher electrochemical cycling performance of V2O5/carbon nanotubes. The physical and chemical properties of TiO2/V2O5/carbon nanotubes are characterized by cyclic voltammetry and charge/discharge measurements as well as electron microscopy. The detailed mechanism of the protective TiO2 layer to improve the electrochemical cycling stability of the V2O5 is unveiled.

  3. Scaleable, High Efficiency Microchannel Sabatier Reactor Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System (MSRS) consisting of cross connected arrays of isothermal or graded temperature reactors is proposed. The reactor array...

  4. V2G Market Price Strategy Based on Reverse Supply%基于逆向供应的V2G市场电价策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史乐峰; 任玉珑; 俞集辉; 申威

    2012-01-01

    There is a growing interest in studying electric vehicles (EV) because it has the potential of coping with the rising gas price and environmental pollution caused by automobile emissions. The academic is particularly interested in studying the relationships among EV, V2C technology, and grid. The current literature on V2C technology is limited to research areas in the system optimization, affluence of technology, or economic and environment influence of V2C technology.The V2C technology is based on the situation that most electric vehicles remain connected with power grid and provide voluntarilyauxiliary services, such as peak load regulation and frequency regulation. Most of current research makes the assumption that an operator is in charge of coordination of electric vehicles. This paper attempts to discuss an incentive power price strategy which can connect EV owners with the EV and power grid following the requirement of grid operation by taking the reverse power supply of electric vehicles to power grid through V2C technology as the research object. The strategy can also set a V2G market to Bchieve the incentive compatibility between electric vehicle owners and power companies by influencing the electric vehicle owners with V2G price0In the first part, the V2G market model of auxiliary service transaction between EV owners and power companies is structured. Power companies possesses a market initiative in V2G market and exerts an influence on charge-discharge behavior of EV owners through V2G price0 In addition, the power demand model of EV owner is established based on V2G market in the condition that power companies sets different strategies about charging price during peak hours. The Utter two parts of this paper calculate the respective benefits of EV owners and power companies in the V2C market when different price strategies are used by power companies. The comparison shows that higher market response can be obtained with lower V2G price resulted from

  5. Grid Interconnection and Performance Testing Procedures for Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) Power Electronics: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramer, W.; Chakraborty, S.; Kroposki, B.; Hoke, A.; Martin, G.; Markel, T.

    2012-03-01

    Bidirectional power electronics can add vehicle-to-grid (V2G) capability in a plug-in vehicle, which then allows the vehicle to operate as a distributed resource (DR). The uniqueness of the battery-based V2G power electronics requires a test procedure that will not only maintain IEEE interconnection standards, but can also evaluate the electrical performance of the vehicle working as a DR. The objective of this paper is to discuss a recently published NREL technical report that provides interim test procedures for V2G vehicles for their integration into the electrical distribution systems and for their performance in terms of continuous output power, efficiency, and losses. Additionally, some other test procedures are discussed that are applicable to a V2G vehicle that desires to provide power reserve functions. A few sample test results are provided based on testing of prototype V2G vehicles at NREL.

  6. 125Te and 51V static NMR study of V2O5-TeO2 glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakida, Shinichi; Hayakawa, Satoshi; Yoko, Toshinobu

    2000-03-01

    The structures of V2 O5 -TeO2 glasses are investigated by means of 125 Te and 51 V static NMR spectroscopies and the local structures around the Te and V atoms are discussed in detail from the respective NMR spectra. The fraction of TeO3 trigonal pyramids increases and that of TeO4 trigonal bipyramids decreases with increasing V2 O5 content. The structures of V2 O5 -TeO2 glasses are quite different from those of tellurite glasses containing network-modifying oxides. The fraction of VO4 tetrahedra increases and that of VO5 trigonal bipyramids decreases with increasing V2 O5 content. Both chains consisting of tellurite structural units and those consisting of vanadate structural units contribute to the formation of the glass network in V2 O5 -TeO2 glasses.

  7. Influence of temperature on the microstructure of V2O5 film prepared by DC magnetron sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Qing; PAN Xiaojun; XIE Erqing; WANG Yinyue; QIU Jiawen; LIU Xueqin

    2006-01-01

    V2O5 films were prepared on silicon wafers by DC magnetron sputtering and post-annealing under various conditions. The influence of depositing and post-annealing temperatures on microstructure of V2O5 films was studied by XRD and Raman scattering measurements. The results reveal that sputtered V2O5 films show preferred growth orientation along (001) planes and the c -axis is perpendicular to the silicon substrate surface. It is interesting to find that both the V2O5 film deposited at temperature of 511 ℃ and the one annealed at 500℃ exhibit desirable layer-type structure of orthorhombic symmetry. Such layer-typed V2O5 films are promising candidates for cathodes of rechargeable lithiumor magnesium thin-film batteries.

  8. Facile Synthesis of V2O5 Hollow Spheres as Advanced Cathodes for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingyuan Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional V2O5 hollow structures have been prepared through a simple synthesis strategy combining solvothermal treatment and a subsequent thermal annealing. The V2O5 materials are composed of microspheres 2–3 μm in diameter and with a distinct hollow interior. The as-synthesized V2O5 hollow microspheres, when evaluated as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, can deliver a specific capacity as high as 273 mAh·g−1 at 0.2 C. Benefiting from the hollow structures that afford fast electrolyte transport and volume accommodation, the V2O5 cathode also exhibits a superior rate capability and excellent cycling stability. The good Li-ion storage performance demonstrates the great potential of this unique V2O5 hollow material as a high-performance cathode for lithium-ion batteries.

  9. Modeling-based optimization of a fixed-bed industrial reactor for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali Darvishi; Razieh Davand; Farhad Khorasheh; Moslem Fattahi

    2016-01-01

    An industrial scale propylene production via oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODHP) in multi-tubular re-actors was modeled. Multi-tubular fixed-bed reactor used for ODHP process, employing 10000 of smal diameter tubes immersed in a shel through a proper coolant flows. Herein, a theory-based pseudo-homogeneous model to describe the operation of a fixed bed reactor for the ODHP to correspondence olefin over V2O5/γ-Al2O3 catalyst was presented. Steady state one dimensional model has been developed to identify the operation parameters and to describe the propane and oxygen conversions, gas process and coolant temperatures, as well as other pa-rameters affecting the reactor performance such as pressure. Furthermore, the applied model showed that a double-bed multitubular reactor with intermediate air injection scheme was superior to a single-bed design due to the increasing of propylene selectivity while operating under lower oxygen partial pressures resulting in propane conversion of about 37.3%. The optimized length of the reactor needed to reach 100%conversion of the oxygen was theoretically determined. For the single-bed reactor the optimized length of 11.96 m including 0.5 m of inert section at the entrance region and for the double-bed reactor design the optimized lengths of 5.72 m for the first and 7.32 m for the second reactor were calculated. Ultimately, the use of a distributed oxygen feed with limited number of injection points indicated a significant improvement on the reactor performance in terms of propane conversion and propylene selectivity. Besides, this concept could overcome the reactor run-away temperature problem and enabled operations at the wider range of conditions to obtain enhanced propyl-ene production in an industrial scale reactor.

  10. LMFBR type reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, Takeshi; Iida, Masaaki; Moriki, Yasuyuki

    1994-10-18

    A reactor core is divided into a plurality of coolants flowrate regions, and electromagnetic pumps exclusively used for each of the flowrate regions are disposed to distribute coolants flowrates in the reactor core. Further, the flowrate of each of the electromagnetic pumps is automatically controlled depending on signals from a temperature detector disposed at the exit of the reactor core, so that the flowrate of the region can be controlled optimally depending on the burning of reactor core fuels. Then, the electromagnetic pumps disposed for every divided region are controlled respectively, so that the coolants flowrate distribution suitable to each of the regions can be attained. Margin for fuel design is decreased, fuels are used effectively, as well as an operation efficiency can be improved. Moreover, since the electromagnetic pump has less flow resistance compared with a mechanical type pump, and flow resistance of the reactor core flowrate control mechanism is eliminated, greater circulating flowrate can be ensured after occurrence of accident in a natural convection using a buoyancy of coolants utilizable for after-heat removal as a driving force. (N.H.).

  11. Functional implications of the binding mode of a human conformation-dependent V2 monoclonal antibody against HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spurrier, Brett; Sampson, Jared; Gorny, Miroslaw K; Zolla-Pazner, Susan; Kong, Xiang-Peng

    2014-04-01

    Data from the RV144 HIV vaccine trial indicated that gp120 V2 antibodies were associated with a lower risk of infection; thus, the mapping of V2 epitopes can contribute to the design of an effective HIV vaccine. We solved the crystal structure of human monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2158, which targets a conformational V2 epitope overlapping the α4β7 integrin binding site, and constructed a full-length model of V1V2. Comparison of computational energy stability to experimental enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results identified a hydrophobic core that stabilizes the V2 region for optimal 2158 binding, as well as residues that directly mediate side chain interactions with MAb 2158. These data define the binding surface recognized by MAb 2158 and offer a structural explanation for why a mismatched mutation at position 181 (I181X) in the V2 loop was associated with a higher vaccine efficiency in the RV144 clinical vaccine trial. Correlate analysis of the RV144 HIV-1 vaccine trial suggested that the presence of antibodies to the second variable region (V2) of HIV-1 gp120 was responsible for the modest protection observed in the trial. V2 is a highly variable and immunogenic region, and structural information on its antigenic landscape will be important for rational design of an effective HIV-1 vaccine. Using X-ray crystallography, computational design tools, and mutagenesis assays, we carried out a detailed and systematic investigation of the epitope recognition of human V2 MAb 2158 and demonstrated that its epitope region overlaps the integrin binding site within V2. In addition, we propose a structure-based mechanism for mismatching of the isoleucine at position 181 and the increased vaccine efficacy seen in the RV144 vaccine trial.

  12. Field-induced quadrupolar quantum criticality in PrV2Al20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimura, Yasuyuki; Tsujimoto, Masaki; Zeng, Bin; Balicas, Luis; Sakai, Akito; Nakatsuji, Satoru

    2015-06-01

    PrV2Al20 is a heavy-fermion superconductor based on the cubic Γ3 doublet that exhibits nonmagnetic quadrupolar ordering below ˜0.6 K. Our magnetotransport study on PrV2Al20 reveals field-induced quadrupolar quantum criticality at μ0Hc˜11 T applied along the [111] direction. Near the critical field μ0Hc required to suppress the quadrupolar state, we find a marked enhancement of the resistivity ρ (H ,T ) , a divergent quasiparticle effective mass and concomitant non-Fermi-liquid (NFL) behavior [i.e., ρ (T ) ∝Tn with n ≤0.5 ]. We also observe the Shubnikov-de Haas effect above μ0Hc , indicating effective mass enhancement or m*/m0˜10 . This reveals the competition between the nonmagnetic Kondo effect and the intersite quadrupolar coupling which leads to pronounced NFL behavior in an extensive region of T and μ0H emerging from the quantum-critical point.

  13. β-Cu2V2O7 : A spin- (1)/(2) honeycomb lattice system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsirlin, Alexander A.; Janson, Oleg; Rosner, Helge

    2010-10-01

    We report on band-structure calculations and a microscopic model of the low-dimensional magnet β-Cu2V2O7 . Magnetic properties of this compound can be described by a spin- (1)/(2) anisotropic honeycomb lattice model with the averaged coupling J¯1=60-66K . The low symmetry of the crystal structure leads to two inequivalent couplings J1 and J1' but this weak spatial anisotropy does not affect the essential physics of the honeycomb spin lattice. The structural realization of the honeycomb lattice is highly nontrivial: the leading interactions J1 and J1' run via double bridges of VO4 tetrahedra between spatially separated Cu atoms while the interactions between structural nearest neighbors are negligible. The non-negligible interplane coupling J⊥≃15K gives rise to the long-range magnetic ordering at TN≃26K . Our model simulations improve the fit of the magnetic susceptibility data, compared to the previously assumed spin-chain models. Additionally, the simulated ordering temperature of 27 K is in remarkable agreement with the experiment. Our study evaluates β-Cu2V2O7 as the best available experimental realization of the spin- (1)/(2) Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice. We also provide an instructive comparison of different band-structure codes and computational approaches to the evaluation of exchange couplings in magnetic insulators.

  14. Toward a solution to the $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$ puzzle for heavy quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Santosh K; Plumari, Salvatore; Greco, Vincenzo

    2015-01-01

    The heavy quarks constitutes a unique probe of the quark-gluon plasma properties. Both at RHIC and LHC energies a puzzling relation between the nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}(p_T)$ and the elliptic flow $v_2(p_T)$ has been observed which challenged all the existing models, especially for D mesons. We discuss how the temperature dependence of the heavy quark drag coefficient is responsible to address for a large part of such a puzzle. In particular, we have considered four different models to evaluate the temperature dependence of drag and diffusion coefficients propagating through a quark gluon plasma (QGP). All the four different models are set to reproduce the same $R_{AA}(p_T)$ observed in experiments at RHIC and LHC energy. We point out that for the same $R_{AA}(p_T)$ one can generate 2-3 times more $v_2$ depending on the temperature dependence of the heavy quark drag coefficient. An increasing drag coefficient as $ T \\rightarrow\\ T_c \\,$ is a major ingredient for a simultaneous description of $R_{AA...

  15. Autonomous Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V Decision Making in Roundabout using Game Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejla Banjanovic-Mehmedovic

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Roundabout intersections promote a continuous flow of traffic. Roundabouts entry move traffic through an intersection more quickly, and with less congestion on approaching roads. With the introduction of smart vehicles and cooperative decision-making, roundabout management shortens the waiting time and leads to a more efficient traffic without breaking the traffic laws and earning penalties. This paper proposes a novel approach of cooperative behavior strategy in conflict situations between the autonomous vehicles in roundabout using game theory. The game theory presents a strategic decision-making technique between independent agents - players. Each individual player tends to achieve best payoff, by analyzing possible actions of other players and their influence on game outcome. The Prisoner's Dilemma game strategy is selected as approach to autonomous vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V decision making at roundabout test-bed, because the commonly known traffic laws dictate certain rules of vehicle's behavior at roundabout. It is shown that, by integrating non-zero-sum game theory in autonomous vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V decision making capabilities, the roundabout entry problem can be solved efficiently with shortened waiting times for individual autonomous vehicles.

  16. Swarm v2: highly-scalable and high-resolution amplicon clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Mahé

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Previously we presented Swarm v1, a novel and open source amplicon clustering program that produced fine-scale molecular operational taxonomic units (OTUs, free of arbitrary global clustering thresholds and input-order dependency. Swarm v1 worked with an initial phase that used iterative single-linkage with a local clustering threshold (d, followed by a phase that used the internal abundance structures of clusters to break chained OTUs. Here we present Swarm v2, which has two important novel features: (1 a new algorithm for d = 1 that allows the computation time of the program to scale linearly with increasing amounts of data; and (2 the new fastidious option that reduces under-grouping by grafting low abundant OTUs (e.g., singletons and doubletons onto larger ones. Swarm v2 also directly integrates the clustering and breaking phases, dereplicates sequencing reads with d = 0, outputs OTU representatives in fasta format, and plots individual OTUs as two-dimensional networks.

  17. Heavy-Fermion Superconductivity in the Quadrupole Ordered State of PrV2Al20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsujimoto, Masaki; Matsumoto, Yosuke; Tomita, Takahiro; Sakai, Akito; Nakatsuji, Satoru

    2014-12-01

    PrV2Al20 is a rare example of a heavy-fermion system based on strong hybridization between conduction electrons and nonmagnetic quadrupolar moments of the cubic Γ3 ground doublet. Here, we report that a high-quality single crystal of PrV2Al20 exhibits superconductivity at Tc=50 mK in the antiferroquadrupole-ordered state under ambient pressure. The heavy-fermion character of the superconductivity is evident from the specific heat jump of Δ C /T ˜0.3 J /mol K2 and the effective mass m*/m0˜140 estimated from the temperature dependence of the upper critical field. Furthermore, the high-quality single crystals exhibit double transitions at TQ=0.75 K and T*=0.65 K associated with quadrupole and octupole degrees of freedom of the Γ3 doublet. In the ordered state, the specific heat C /T shows a T3 dependence, indicating the gapless mode associated with the quadrupole order, the octupole order, or both. The strong sensitivity to impurity of the superconductivity suggests unconventional character due to significant quadrupolar fluctuations.

  18. Raman spectroscopy studies of spin-wave in V2O3 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiang-Bai; Kong, Meng-Hong; Choi, Jeong-Yong; Kim, Hyun-Tak

    2016-11-01

    We present studies of the enhancement of spin-wave intensity and thickness dependence of spin-wave frequency in V2O3 thin films using Raman spectroscopy. Our results show that the intensity of spin-wave at ~450 cm-1 can be enhanced with a 633 nm laser rather than a 514 nm laser. The enhancement of spin-wave intensity is due to a resonance effect correlated with the on-site V 3d-3d Coulomb energy. A thickness dependence study shows that as the film thickness increases, the frequency of spin-wave at ~450 cm-1 has a redshift, while the frequency of the A g phonon at ~525 cm-1 has negligible shift. In comparison to the thickness dependence of the XRD results, we conclude that the spin-wave at ~450 cm-1 in V2O3 exists in the basal a-b plane, and the Raman study of the spin-wave provides a sensitive method for investigating the lattice and/or structure properties of crystals.

  19. Low-temperature electrical resistivity in paramagnetic spinel LiV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yushankhai, V.; Takimoto, T.; Thalmeier, P.

    2010-08-01

    The 3d -electron spinel compound LiV2O4 exhibits heavy fermion behavior below 30 K which is related to antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations strongly enhanced in an extended region of momentum space. This mechanism explains enhanced thermodynamic quantities and nearly critical NMR relaxation in the framework of the self-consistent renormalization (SCR) theory. Here we show that the low- T Fermi-liquid behavior of the resistivity and a deviation from this behavior for higher T may also be understood within that context. We calculate the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity ρ(T) assuming that two basic mechanisms of the quasiparticle scattering, resulting from impurities and spin fluctuations, operate simultaneously at low temperature. The calculation is based on the variational principle in the form of a perturbative series expansion for ρ(T) . A peculiar behavior of ρ(T) in LiV2O4 is related to properties of low-energy spin fluctuations whose T dependence is obtained from SCR theory.

  20. Preliminary Geological Map of the Fortuna Tessera (V-2) Quadrangle, Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, M. A.; Head, J. W.

    2009-01-01

    The Fortuna Tessera quadrangle (50-75 N, 0-60 E) is a large region of tessera [1] that includes the major portion of Fortuna and Laima Tesserae [2]. Near the western edge of the map area, Fortuna Tessera is in contact with the highest moun-tain belt on Venus, Maxwell Montes. Deformational belts of Sigrun-Manto Fossae (extensional structures) and Au ra Dorsa (contractional structures) separate the tessera regions. Highly deformed terrains correspond to elevated regions and mildly deformed units are with low-lying areas. The sets of features within the V-2 quadrangle permit us to address the following important questions: (1) the timing and processes of crustal thickening/thinning, (2) the nature and origin of tesserae and deformation belts and their relation to crustal thickening processes, (3) the existence or absence of major evolutionary trends of volcanism and tectonics. The key feature in all of these problems is the regional sequence of events. Here we present description of units that occur in the V-2 quadrangle, their regional correlation chart (Fig. 1), and preliminary geological map of the region (Fig. 2).

  1. Mapping polaronic states and lithiation gradients in individual V2O5 nanowires

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jesus, Luis R.; Horrocks, Gregory A.; Liang, Yufeng; Parija, Abhishek; Jaye, Cherno; Wangoh, Linda; Wang, Jian; Fischer, Daniel A.; Piper, Louis F. J.; Prendergast, David; Banerjee, Sarbajit

    2016-06-01

    The rapid insertion and extraction of Li ions from a cathode material is imperative for the functioning of a Li-ion battery. In many cathode materials such as LiCoO2, lithiation proceeds through solid-solution formation, whereas in other materials such as LiFePO4 lithiation/delithiation is accompanied by a phase transition between Li-rich and Li-poor phases. We demonstrate using scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) that in individual nanowires of layered V2O5, lithiation gradients observed on Li-ion intercalation arise from electron localization and local structural polarization. Electrons localized on the V2O5 framework couple to local structural distortions, giving rise to small polarons that serves as a bottleneck for further Li-ion insertion. The stabilization of this polaron impedes equilibration of charge density across the nanowire and gives rise to distinctive domains. The enhancement in charge/discharge rates for this material on nanostructuring can be attributed to circumventing challenges with charge transport from polaron formation.

  2. Cuttlebone-like V2O5 Nanofibre Scaffolds – Advances in Structuring Cellular Solids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knöller, Andrea; Runčevski, Tomče; Dinnebier, Robert E.; Bill, Joachim; Burghard, Zaklina

    2017-02-01

    The synthesis of ceramic materials combining high porosity and permeability with good mechanical stability is challenging, as optimising the latter requires compromises regarding the first two properties. Nonetheless, significant progress can be made in this direction by taking advantage of the structural design principles evolved by nature. Natural cellular solids achieve good mechanical stability via a defined hierarchical organisation of the building blocks they are composed of. Here, we report the first synthetic, ceramic-based scaffold whose architecture closely mimics that of cuttlebone –a structural biomaterial whose porosity exceeds that of most other natural cellular solids, whilst preserving an excellent mechanical strength. The nanostructured, single-component scaffold, obtained by ice-templated assembly of V2O5 nanofibres, features a highly sophisticated and elaborate architecture of equally spaced lamellas, which are regularly connected by pillars as lamella support. It displays an unprecedented porosity of 99.8 %, complemented by an enhanced mechanical stability. This novel bioinspired, functional material not only displays mechanical characteristics similar to natural cuttlebone, but the multifunctionality of the V2O5 nanofibres also renders possible applications, including catalysts, sensors and electrodes for energy storage.

  3. Magnetic and Thermal Properties of TmV2Al20 Single Crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Qiankun; Namiki, Takahiro; Isikawa, Yosikazu; Nishimura, Katsuhiko; Hutchison, Wayne D.

    2016-03-01

    The magnetization and specific heat of TmV2Al20 single crystals were measured in the temperature range from 0.5 to 300 K in external magnetic fields up to 7 T. TmV2Al20 was found to be paramagnetic above 0.5 K. Clear magnetic anisotropy was observed along the three principal crystallographic axes in the field above 1 T at 0.5 K. The magnetically easy axis is along the [100] direction, and the hard axis is along the [111] direction. On cooling below 2 K in zero external field, the magnetic part of specific heat divided by temperature, Cmag/T, increases up to 6 J/mol K2 near 0.6 K. The magnetic entropy in zero field reaches R ln 5 near 10 K, suggesting that the ground state of Tm3+ ions is a nonmagnetic doublet state with the first excited state of a magnetic triplet state nearby (a pseudo-fivefold degenerate state). The experimental results were reproduced by the crystalline electric field calculations, and an energy level scheme was proposed. The enhanced value of Cmag/T in the lowest temperature region in zero field was explained by assuming an energy splitting of the doublet ground state.

  4. Magnetic phase transitions and structures of Co 3V 2O 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, N.; Fuess, H.; Ehrenberg, H.; Hansen, T. C.; Schwabe, D.

    2007-04-01

    Co 3V 2O 8 is a spin- 3/2 system on a Kagomé staircase and is known to undergo two magnetic phase transitions between 6 and 11 K. The H-T phase diagram of Co 3V 2O 8 derived by magnetization measurements on a single crystal is presented. Additionally both ordered magnetic structures were investigated by neutron powder diffraction experiments and solved using Bertaut's macroscopic theory. For the ferromagnetic phase the magnetic moments of the Co 2+ ions were found to be 1.5(3)μB and 2.7(1)μB at 3.5 K along the crystallographic a axis for the (4a) and (8e) sites, respectively. The antiferromagnetic phase exhibits a magnetic cell with a doubled b axis with respect to the nuclear one. The magnetic moments point along the a axis being 1.8(2)μB (4a) and 1.8(1)μB (8e) at 8 K.

  5. Channel modelling and performance analysis of V2I communication systems in blind bend scattering environments

    KAUST Repository

    Chelli, Ali

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we derive a new geometrical blind bend scattering model for vehicle-to- infrastructure (V2I) communications. The proposed model takes into account single-bounce and double- bounce scattering stemming from fixed scatterers located on both sides of a curved street. Starting from the geometrical blind bend model, the exact expression of the angle of departure (AOD) is derived. Based on this expression, the probability density function (PDF) of the AOD and the Doppler power spectrum are determined. Analytical expressions for the channel gain and the temporal autocorrelation function (ACF) are provided under non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions. Additionally, we investigate the impact of the position of transmitting vehicle relatively to the receiving road-side unit on the channel statistics. Moreover, we study the performance of different digital modulations over a sum of singly and doubly scattered (SSDS) channel. Note that the proposed V2I channel model falls under the umbrella of SSDS channels since the transmitted signal undergoes a combination of single-bounce and double-bounce scattering. We study some characteristic quantities of SSDS channels and derive expressions for the average symbol error probability of several modulation schemes over SSDS channels with and without diversity combining. The validity of these analytical expressions is confirmed by computer-based simulations.

  6. Elastic properties of the vanadate spinel MnV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keppens, V.; Luan, Y.; Garlea, V. O.; Jin, R.; Mandrus, D.

    2008-03-01

    Spinel vanadates AV2O4 are known to undergo a cubic-to-tetragonal structural phase transition (SPT) at temperature TS and order magnetically at lower temperature TN. ZnV2O4 is characteristic of the entire series and has received extensive theoretical attention. When Mn occupies the A site there is an additional superexchange interaction between Mn and V. This superexchange interaction leads to ferrimagnetic order at about 56 K, involving a ferromagnetic configuration of the V spins. The current work focuses on the elastic properties of MnV2O4. Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS) has been used to measure the elastic response of the sample, as a function of temperature (5-300K) and magnetic field (0-7 Tesla). The temperature dependence of the frequencies is found to be quite unusual, displaying a softening over a large temperature range. Measurements in magnetic field reveal an additional feature near 50 K, which could represent a striking manifestation of direct spin-orbital coupling.

  7. Multithreaded transactions in scientific computing. The Growth06_v2 program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniluk, Andrzej

    2009-07-01

    Writing a concurrent program can be more difficult than writing a sequential program. Programmer needs to think about synchronization, race conditions and shared variables. Transactions help reduce the inconvenience of using threads. A transaction is an abstraction, which allows programmers to group a sequence of actions on the program into a logical, higher-level computation unit. This paper presents a new version of the GROWTHGr and GROWTH06 programs. New version program summaryProgram title: GROWTH06_v2 Catalogue identifier: ADVL_v2_1 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADVL_v2_1.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 65 255 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 865 985 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Object Pascal Computer: Pentium-based PC Operating system: Windows 9x, XP, NT, Vista RAM: more than 1 MB Classification: 4.3, 7.2, 6.2, 8, 14 Catalogue identifier of previous version: ADVL_v2_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Comm. 175 (2006) 678 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes Nature of problem: The programs compute the RHEED intensities during the growth of thin epitaxial structures prepared using the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The computations are based on the use of kinematical diffraction theory. Solution method: Epitaxial growth of thin films is modelled by a set of non-linear differential equations [1]. The Runge-Kutta method with adaptive stepsize control was used for solving initial value problem for non-linear differential equations [2]. Reasons for new version: According to the users' suggestions functionality of the program has been improved. Moreover, new use cases have been added which make the handling of the program easier and more

  8. Reactor Structural Materials: Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaouadi, R

    2000-07-01

    The objectives of SCK-CEN's R and D programme on Rector Pressure Vessel (RPV) Steels are:(1) to complete the fracture toughness data bank of various reactor pressure vessel steels by using precracked Charpy specimens that were tested statically as well as dynamically; (2) to implement the enhanced surveillance approach in a user-friendly software; (3) to improve the existing reconstitution technology by reducing the input energy (short cycle welding) and modifying the stud geometry. Progress and achievements in 1999 are reported.

  9. Operation of Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    3.1 Annual Report of SPR Operation Chu Shaochu Having overseen by National Nuclear Safety Administration and specialists, the reactor restarted up successfully after Safety renovation on April 16, 1996. In August 1996 the normal operation of SPR was approved by the authorities of Naitonal Nuclear Safety Administration. 1 Operation status In 1996, the reactor operated safely for 40 d and the energy released was about 137.3 MW·d. The operation status of SPR is shown in table 1. The reactor started up to higher power (power more than 1 MW) and lower power (for physics experiments) 4 times and 14 times respectively. Measurement of control rod efficiency and other measurement tasks were 2 times and 5 times respectively.

  10. Nuclear Rocket Engine Reactor

    CERN Document Server

    Lanin, Anatoly

    2013-01-01

    The development of a nuclear rocket engine reactor (NRER ) is presented in this book. The working capacity of an active zone NRER under mechanical and thermal load, intensive neutron fluxes, high energy generation (up to 30 MBT/l) in a working medium (hydrogen) at temperatures up to 3100 K is displayed. Design principles and bearing capacity of reactors area discussed on the basis of simulation experiments and test data of a prototype reactor. Property data of dense constructional, porous thermal insulating and fuel materials like carbide and uranium carbide compounds in the temperatures interval 300 - 3000 K are presented. Technological aspects of strength and thermal strength resistance of materials are considered. The design procedure of possible emergency processes in the NRER is developed and risks for their origination are evaluated. Prospects of the NRER development for pilotless space devices and piloted interplanetary ships are viewed.

  11. Thermionic Reactor Design Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schock, Alfred

    1994-08-01

    Paper presented at the 29th IECEC in Monterey, CA in August 1994. The present paper describes some of the author's conceptual designs and their rationale, and the special analytical techniques developed to analyze their (thermionic reactor) performance. The basic designs, first published in 1963, are based on single-cell converters, either double-ended diodes extending over the full height of the reactor core or single-ended diodes extending over half the core height. In that respect they are similar to the thermionic fuel elements employed in the Topaz-2 reactor subsequently developed in the Soviet Union, copies of which were recently imported by the U.S. As in the Topaz-2 case, electrically heated steady-state performance tests of the converters are possible before fueling.

  12. An Overview of Reactor Concepts, a Survey of Reactor Designs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-02-01

    Public Affairs Office and is releasaole to the National Technical Information Services (NTIS). At NTIS, it will be available to the general public...Reactors that use deu- terium (heavy water) as a coolant can use natural uranium as a fuel. The * Canadian reactor, CANDU , utilizes this concept...reactor core at the top and discharged at the Dotton while the reactor is in operation. The discharged fuel can then b inspected to see if it can De used

  13. Oscillatory flow chemical reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavnić Danijela S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Global market competition, increase in energy and other production costs, demands for high quality products and reduction of waste are forcing pharmaceutical, fine chemicals and biochemical industries, to search for radical solutions. One of the most effective ways to improve the overall production (cost reduction and better control of reactions is a transition from batch to continuous processes. However, the reactions of interests for the mentioned industry sectors are often slow, thus continuous tubular reactors would be impractically long for flow regimes which provide sufficient heat and mass transfer and narrow residence time distribution. The oscillatory flow reactors (OFR are newer type of tube reactors which can offer solution by providing continuous operation with approximately plug flow pattern, low shear stress rates and enhanced mass and heat transfer. These benefits are the result of very good mixing in OFR achieved by vortex generation. OFR consists of cylindrical tube containing equally spaced orifice baffles. Fluid oscillations are superimposed on a net (laminar flow. Eddies are generated when oscillating fluid collides with baffles and passes through orifices. Generation and propagation of vortices create uniform mixing in each reactor cavity (between baffles, providing an overall flow pattern which is close to plug flow. Oscillations can be created by direct action of a piston or a diaphragm on fluid (or alternatively on baffles. This article provides an overview of oscillatory flow reactor technology, its operating principles and basic design and scale - up characteristics. Further, the article reviews the key research findings in heat and mass transfer, shear stress, residence time distribution in OFR, presenting their advantages over the conventional reactors. Finally, relevant process intensification examples from pharmaceutical, polymer and biofuels industries are presented.

  14. Improved Low-Temperature Activity of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 for Denitration Using Different Vanadium Precursors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Gan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This work tested two V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts with different vanadium precursors for selective catalytic reduction (SCR of flue gas NO using NH3 at 150–450 °C. While catalyst A was prepared using ammonium metavanadate (NH4VO3 through incipient impregnation, catalyst B was made according to the solvothermal method using vanadyl acetylacetonate (VO(acac2 as the vanadium precursor. The catalytic evaluation for denitration was in a laboratory fixed bed reactor using simulated flue gas under conditions of a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV of 40,000 h−1 and an NH3/NO molar ratio of 0.8. Without SO2 and water vapor in the flue gas at 200 °C, the realized NO conversion was 56% for catalyst A but 80% for B. The presence of 350 ppm SO2 and 10 vol. % water vapor in the flue gas slightly reduced the NO conversion over catalyst B, and its activity was stable in a 108-h continuous test at temperatures varying from 450 °C to 220 °C. Via fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR and thermogravimetric (TG analysis, it was shown that over catalyst B a dynamic balance between the formation and decomposition of ammonium sulfite or sulfate is built possibly at temperatures as low as 220 °C. For this catalyst there was a higher surface atomic concentration of vanadium and a higher ratio of V4+/(V4+ + V5+, while the NH3 adsorption test revealed more acidic sites on catalyst B. The study discloses a potentially new approach to prepare a V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst with good performance for SCR of flue gas NO at 220–300 °C.

  15. Perspectives on reactor safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haskin, F.E. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering; Camp, A.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-03-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) maintains a technical training center at Chattanooga, Tennessee to provide appropriate training to both new and experienced NRC employees. This document describes a one-week course in reactor, safety concepts. The course consists of five modules: (1) historical perspective; (2) accident sequences; (3) accident progression in the reactor vessel; (4) containment characteristics and design bases; and (5) source terms and offsite consequences. The course text is accompanied by slides and videos during the actual presentation of the course.

  16. Reactor Materials Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Walle, E

    2002-04-01

    The activities of SCK-CEN's Reactor Materials Research Department for 2001 are summarised. The objectives of the department are: (1) to evaluate the integrity and behaviour of structural materials used in nuclear power industry; (2) to conduct research to unravel and understand the parameters that determine the material behaviour under or after irradiation; (3) to contribute to the interpretation, the modelling of the material behaviour and to develop and assess strategies for optimum life management of nuclear power plant components. The programmes within the department are focussed on studies concerning (1) Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC); (2) nuclear fuel; and (3) Reactor Pressure Vessel Steel.

  17. Fusion Reactor Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decreton, M

    2000-07-01

    SCK-CEN's research and development programme on fusion reactor materials includes: (1) the study of the mechanical behaviour of structural materials under neutron irradiation (including steels, inconel, molybdenum, chromium); (2) the determination and modelling of the characteristics of irradiated first wall materials such as beryllium; (3) the detection of abrupt electrical degradation of insulating ceramics under high temperature and neutron irradiation; (4) the study of the dismantling and waste disposal strategy for fusion reactors.; (5) a feasibility study for the testing of blanket modules under neutron radiation. Main achievements in these topical areas in the year 1999 are summarised.

  18. Functional and immunochemical cross-reactivity of V2-specific monoclonal antibodies from HIV-1-infected individuals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gorny, Miroslaw K.; Pan, Ruimin; Williams, Constance; Wang, Xiao-Hong; Volsky, Barbara; O; Neal, Timothy; Spurrier, Brett; Sampson, Jared M.; Li, Liuzhe; Seaman, Michael S.; Kong, Xiang-Peng; Zolla-Pazner, Susan (Harvard-Med); (VA); (NYUSM)

    2012-05-18

    The recent analysis of the first successful RV144 vaccine trial revealed that a high titer of plasma anti-V2 antibodies (Abs) correlated with a decreased risk of HIV-1 infection in vaccine recipients. To understand the mechanism of immune correlates, we studied seven anti-V2 monoclonal Abs (mAbs) developed from HIV-1 infected individuals. The V2 mAbs target conserved epitopes, including the binding site for {alpha}4{beta}7 integrin, and are broadly cross-reactive with various gp120 proteins. Preferential usage of the VH1-69 gene by V2 mAbs may depend on selection by the same antigenic structure. Six of seven V2 mAbs weakly neutralized four to eight of the 41 pseudoviruses tested and resistance to neutralization was correlated with longer V2 domains. The data suggest the presence of shared, conserved structural elements in the V2 loop, and these can be used in the design of vaccine immunogens inducing broadly reactive Abs with anti-viral activities.

  19. Magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of quasi-one-dimensional Ising spin chain CoV2O6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandi, M.; Mandal, P.

    2016-04-01

    We have investigated the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of antiferromagnetic Ising spin chain CoV2O6 by magnetization and heat capacity measurements. Both monoclinic α-CoV2O6 and triclinic γ-CoV2O6 exhibit field-induced metamagnetic transitions from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic state via an intermediate ferrimagnetic state with 1/3 magnetization plateau. Due to the field-induced metamagnetic transitions, these systems show large conventional as well as inverse magnetocaloric effects. In α-CoV2O6, we observe field-induced complex magnetic phases and multiple magnetization plateaus below 6 K when the field is applied along c axis. Several critical temperatures and fields have been identified from the temperature and field dependence of magnetization, magnetic entropy change, and heat capacity to construct the H-T phase diagram. As compared to α-CoV2O6, γ-CoV2O6 displays a relatively simple magnetic phase diagram. Due to the large magnetic entropy change and adiabatic temperature change at low or moderate applied magnetic field, γ-CoV2O6 may be considered as a magnetic refrigerant in the low-temperature region below 20 K.

  20. Effect of film thickness on NO2 gas sensing properties of sprayed orthorhombic nanocrystalline V2O5 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mane, A. A.; Moholkar, A. V.

    2017-09-01

    The nanocrystalline V2O5 thin films with different thicknesses have been grown onto the glass substrates using chemical spray pyrolysis (CSP) deposition method. The XRD study shows that the films exhibit an orthorhombic crystal structure. The narrow scan X-ray photoelectron spectrum of V-2p core level doublet gives the binding energy difference of 7.3 eV, indicating that the V5+ oxidation state of vanadium. The FE-SEM micrographs show the formation of nanorods-like morphology. The AFM micrographs show the high surface area to volume ratio of nanocrystalline V2O5 thin films. The optical study gives the band gap energy values of 2.41 eV, 2.44 eV, 2.47 eV and 2.38 eV for V2O5 thin films deposited with the thicknesses of 423 nm, 559 nm, 694 nm and 730 nm, respectively. The V2O5 film of thickness 559 nm shows the NO2 gas response of 41% for 100 ppm concentration at operating temperature of 200 °C with response and recovery times of 20 s and 150 s, respectively. Further, it shows the rapid response and reproducibility towards 10 ppm NO2 gas concentration at 200 °C. Finally, NO2 gas sensing mechanism based on chemisorption process is discussed.

  1. High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The HFIR at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a light-water cooled and moderated reactor that is the United States’ highest flux reactor-based neutron source. HFIR...

  2. Reactor operation environmental information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haselow, J.S.; Price, V.; Stephenson, D.E.; Bledsoe, H.W.; Looney, B.B.

    1989-12-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) produces nuclear materials, primarily plutonium and tritium, to meet the requirements of the Department of Defense. These products have been formed in nuclear reactors that were built during 1950--1955 at the SRS. K, L, and P reactors are three of five reactors that have been used in the past to produce the nuclear materials. All three of these reactors discontinued operation in 1988. Currently, intense efforts are being extended to prepare these three reactors for restart in a manner that protects human health and the environment. To document that restarting the reactors will have minimal impacts to human health and the environment, a three-volume Reactor Operations Environmental Impact Document has been prepared. The document focuses on the impacts of restarting the K, L, and P reactors on both the SRS and surrounding areas. This volume discusses the geology, seismology, and subsurface hydrology. 195 refs., 101 figs., 16 tabs.

  3. Synthesis of Au-decorated V2O5@ZnO heteronanostructures and enhanced plasmonic photocatalytic activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Haihong; Yu, Ke; Song, Changqing; Huang, Rong; Zhu, Ziqiang

    2014-09-10

    A ternary plasmonic photocatalyst consisting of Au-decorated V2O5@ZnO heteronanorods was successfully fabricated by an innovative four-step process: thermal evaporation of ZnO powders, CVD of intermediate on ZnO, solution deposition of Au NPs, and final thermal oxidization. SEM, TEM, EDX, XPS, and XRD analyses revealed that the interior cores and exterior shells of the as-prepared heteronanorods were single-crystal wurtzite-type ZnO and polycrystalline orthorhombic V2O5, respectively, with a large quantity of Au NPs inlaid in the V2O5 shell. The optical properties of the ternary photocatalyst were investigated in detail and compared with those of bare ZnO and V2O5@ZnO. UV-vis absorption spectra of ZnO, V2O5@ZnO, and Au-decorated V2O5@ZnO showed gradually enhanced absorption in the visible region. In addition, gradually decreased emission intensity was also observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra, revealing enhanced charge separation efficiency. Because of these excellent qualities, the photocatalytic behavior of the ternary photocatalyst was studied in the photodegradation of methylene blue under UV-vis irradiation, which showed an enhanced photodegradation rate nearly 7 times higher than that of bare ZnO and nearly 3 times higher than that of V2O5@ZnO, mainly owing to the enlarged light absorption region, the effective electron-hole separation at the V2O5-ZnO and V2O5-Au interfaces, and strong localization of plasmonic near-field effects.

  4. Reactor operation safety information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    The report contains a reactor facility description which includes K, P, and L reactor sites, structures, operating systems, engineered safety systems, support systems, and process and effluent monitoring systems; an accident analysis section which includes cooling system anomalies, radioactive materials releases, and anticipated transients without scram; a summary of onsite doses from design basis accidents; severe accident analysis (reactor core disruption); a description of operating contractor organization and emergency planning; and a summary of reactor safety evolution. (MB)

  5. Research of time synchronization technology based on IEEE 1588v2 in optical communication network%基于IEEE1588v2协议的光网络时间同步技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恩; 刘志强; 敬玉乡; 丁明吉

    2011-01-01

    分析了现有光网络中时间同步实现方法的不足,阐述了IEEE 1588v2协议的基本原理,提出了IEEE 1588v2协议在光通信网络中实现时间同步的方法,指出精确时间同步协议在光网络中的应用前景和发展方向.%This paper analyses the disadvantage of time synchronization in the optical communication network, and illustrated the fundamental principle of IEEE 1588v2 protocol, the synchronization method about IEEE 1588v2 protocol in optical communication network time was proposed. Finally,it showed the application and development direction of precision time synchronization protocol in optical communication network.

  6. A potential sterile neutrino search using a two-reactor/one-detector configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Bergevin, M; Svoboda, R

    2013-01-01

    There is an observed deficit of about 6% in the expected rate of anti-neutrino interactions when averaging over many different reactor experiments. While the significance of the deficit is low (98.6 % CL), there is speculation that a non-interacting "sterile" neutrino could be the cause. In this paper we explore the possibility of a two-reactor/one-detector experiment at intermediate distances (100-500 meters) to look for a sterile neutrino in the mass range implied by this deficit. We also investigate the potential sensitivity of an existing reactor experiment (Double Chooz) which has a single Near Detector at distances of 351 m and 465 m from two reactors of identical design. We conclude that Double Chooz could investigate sterile neutrino in the $\\Delta m^{2}$ range of 0.002 to 0.5 eV$^2$ over 5 years of near detector running.

  7. Electronic structure and thermodynamic properties of Cu3V2O8 compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jezierski, Andrzej; Kaczkowski, Jakub

    2015-10-01

    The electronic structure and thermodynamic properties of Cu3V2O8 compound for three structures (P-1, P21/c and Cmca) are reported. The calculations are performed by using full-potential local orbital minimum basis method. The total electronic densities of states for all structures have the similar shape but the details are different. The thermodynamic properties (the bulk modulus B, Gibbs free energy, Debye temperature ΘD) are calculated in quasiharmonic Debye-Grüneisen model using the equation of states in the form of Murnaghan, Birch-Murnaghan, Poirier-Tarantola and Vinet. Our ab initio results indicate that α(P-1) phase is stable below 839 K, β(P21/c) and γ(Cmca) phases can exist in the region of 839 K < T < 875 K, however above T = 875 K only γ(Cmca) phase is observed.

  8. Observation of weak ferromagnetism and the sizable magnetocaloric effect in Co2V2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sannigrahi, J.; Giri, S.; Majumdar, S.

    2017-02-01

    The magnetic behavior of cobalt pyrovanadate compound Co2V2O7 with dichromate structure is reported. The compound undergoes long range magnetic ordering below TC=8 K and our study identifies the ground state to be a canted antiferromagnetic type with a weak ferromagnetic component. The transition at TC is found to be first-order in nature as evident from the presence of distinct thermal hysteresis in the temperature dependent magnetization data. Below TC, a significantly large value of magnetic relaxation is observed which is possibly due to the metastability associated with the first order phase transition. Interestingly, the sample exhibits a sizable magneto-caloric effect around TC (∼4.1 J kg-1. K-1 for 50 kOe of field change) which is reasonably high among antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides with weak ferromagnetism.

  9. Implementing a Bento-Style Search in LibGuides v2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Tay

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The National University of Singapore Libraries converted their LibGuides v2 instance into a research portal and incorporated a “bento box” search interface—that is, an interface where results from multiple systems or categories are compartmentalized by system or category, like a Japanese “bento”-style lunch box—on a trial basis. Our experience shows that building and maintaining a bento box search in LibGuides requires fewer resources than a fully homegrown solution would require. This makes it an attractive platform for building a bento-style search both for libraries who have limited technical resources and libraries who might want to experiment with this kind of search before fully committing. This paper shares the design, implementation and some early usage patterns of our bento search.

  10. Surface Effects on the Mott-Hubbard Transition in Archetypal V{2}O{3}.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantz, G; Hajlaoui, M; Papalazarou, E; Jacques, V L R; Mazzotti, A; Marsi, M; Lupi, S; Amati, M; Gregoratti, L; Si, L; Zhong, Z; Held, K

    2015-12-04

    We present an experimental and theoretical study exploring surface effects on the evolution of the metal-insulator transition in the model Mott-Hubbard compound Cr-doped V{2}O{3}. We find a microscopic domain formation that is clearly affected by the surface crystallographic orientation. Using scanning photoelectron microscopy and x-ray diffraction, we find that surface defects act as nucleation centers for the formation of domains at the temperature-induced isostructural transition and favor the formation of microscopic metallic regions. A density-functional theory plus dynamical mean-field theory study of different surface terminations shows that the surface reconstruction with excess vanadyl cations leads to doped, and hence more metallic, surface states, which explains our experimental observations.

  11. Defect structure of V2O5 thin film gas sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Krystyna

    2016-11-01

    V2O5-undoped and Ti-doped thin films were deposited onto insulating support (either fused silica or alumina) by rf sputtering from metallic V target in a reactive Ar+O2 atmosphere. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) were used to structural and phase characterization. Electrical properties were determined by means of impedance spectroscopy (0.1 Hz - 1.4 MHz) at temperatures from RT to 620 K and oxygen partial pressure from 600 Pa to 21 kPa. It was found, that the studied samples can be characterized by an equivalent circuit composed of two ohmic resistors and non Debye constant phase element (CPE). Based on electrical conductivity vs. oxygen partial pressure dependence the point defect model has been proposed .

  12. Unconventional magnetic phase separation in γ -CoV2O6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, L.; Jellyman, E.; Forgan, E. M.; Blackburn, E.; Laver, M.; Canévet, E.; Schefer, J.; He, Z.; Itoh, M.

    2017-08-01

    We have explored the magnetism in the nongeometrically frustrated spin-chain system γ -CoV2O6 which possesses a complex magnetic exchange network. Our neutron diffraction patterns at low temperatures (T ≤TN=6.6 K) are best described by a model in which two magnetic phases coexist in a volume ratio 65(1) : 35(1), with each phase consisting of a single spin modulation. This model fits previous studies and our observations better than the model proposed by Lenertz et al. [J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 13981 (2014), 10.1021/jp503389c], which consisted of one phase with two spin modulations. By decreasing the temperature from TN, the minority phase of our model undergoes an incommensurate-commensurate lock-in transition at T*=5.6 K. Based on these results, we propose that phase separation is an alternative approach for degeneracy-lifting in frustrated magnets.

  13. [Agonist of V2 vasopressin receptor reduces depressive disorders in post-stroke patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belokoskova, S G; Stepanov, I I; Tsikunov, S G

    2012-01-01

    Poststroke depression is one of the common psychiatric complications after stroke. Thus, the research of new ways for treatment depressed mood after stroke is actual. The previous researches revealed vasopressin to be effective in patients with memory, speech and motor function disorders after stroke. The purpose of the study was to investigate influence of vasopressin on depression after stroke. Fourteen patients with affective disorders have been treated with subendocrine doses of 1-desamino-8-D-arginin-vasopressin (DDAVP) daily by intranasal application during 1,5-2 months. Vasopressin was effective in correcting both apatoadinamic and anxious depression. Treatment effect was durable, lasts for 0,5-1 year after the first course of therapy. The results of this pilot study demonstrate perspective of using selective agonist of vasopressin V2 receptors, DDAVP, in therapy of post-stroke depression.

  14. Multi-Kinect v2 Camera Based Monitoring System for Radiotherapy Patient Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhanam, Anand P; Min, Yugang; Kupelian, Patrick; Low, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    3D kinect camera systems are essential for real-time imaging of 3D treatment space that consists of both the patient anatomy as well as the treatment equipment setup. In this paper, we present the technical details of a 3D treatment room monitoring system that employs a scalable number of calibrated and coregistered Kinect v2 cameras. The monitoring system tracks radiation gantry and treatment couch positions, and tracks the patient and immobilization accessories. The number and positions of the cameras were selected to avoid line-of-sight issues and to adequately cover the treatment setup. The cameras were calibrated with a calibration error of 0.1 mm. Our tracking system evaluation show that both gantry and patient motion could be acquired at a rate of 30 frames per second. The transformations between the cameras yielded a 3D treatment space accuracy of < 2 mm error in a radiotherapy setup within 500mm around the isocenter.

  15. Elastic Anomalies in Orbital-Degenerate Frustrated Spinel CoV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Tadataka; Yamada, Shogo; Koborinai, Rui; Katsufuji, Takuro

    Ultrasound velocity measurements were performed on a single crystal of the orbital-degenerate frustrated spinel CoV2O4 in all the symmetrically-independent elastic moduli of the cubic crystal. The measurements of temperature dependence of the elastic moduli observed discontinuous elastic anomalies due to a ferrimagnetic transition at TC = 165 K and another phase transition at T* = 50 K. Additionally, the measurements observed anomalous temperature dependence of the elastic moduli, specifically, non-monotonic temperature dependence in the magnetically-ordered phase below TC, and magnetic-field-sensitive elastic softening with decreasing temperature in the paramagnetic phase above TC. These anomalous temperature variations below and above TC should be driven by the coupling of lattice to magnetic excitations.

  16. Phase Structural Characteristics of ZrV2 Thin Film Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-Lin; SHI Li-Qun

    2005-01-01

    @@ The thin film metal hydride has become an emerging field of research in metal hydride batteries for its good mechanical and hydrogenation properties. ZrV2 thin films have been prepared using a dc magnetron sputtering method, and the phase structure is investigated. Only amorphous or crystalline Zr and V mixture phases are achieved when substrates are heated during either to 400℃ or to 550 ℃. The annealing causes segregation of Zr and V in the film induced by strain-driven diffusion and interdiffusion between substrate Mo and film elements at high temperature, which results in the formation of mixture phases of C14, C15, Zr and V, but the content of C15 phase is not higher compared with that in the bulk material.

  17. A Hybrid Flight Control for a Simulated Raptor-30 V2 Helicopter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arbab Nighat Khizer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a hybrid flight control system for a single rotor simulated Raptor-30 V2 helicopter. Hybrid intelligent control system, combination of the conventional and intelligent control methodologies, is applied to small model helicopter. The proposed hybrid control used PID as a traditional control and fuzzy as an intelligent control so as to take the maximum advantage of advanced control theory. The helicopter?s model used; comes from X-Plane flight simulator and their hybrid flight control system was simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK in a simulation platform. X-Plane is also used to visualize the performance of this proposed autopilot design. Through a series of numerous experiments, the operation of hybrid control system was investigated. Results verified that the proposed hybrid control has an excellent performance at hovering flight mode.

  18. V2S: Voice to Sign Language Translation System for Malaysian Deaf People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mean Foong, Oi; Low, Tang Jung; La, Wai Wan

    The process of learning and understand the sign language may be cumbersome to some, and therefore, this paper proposes a solution to this problem by providing a voice (English Language) to sign language translation system using Speech and Image processing technique. Speech processing which includes Speech Recognition is the study of recognizing the words being spoken, regardless of whom the speaker is. This project uses template-based recognition as the main approach in which the V2S system first needs to be trained with speech pattern based on some generic spectral parameter set. These spectral parameter set will then be stored as template in a database. The system will perform the recognition process through matching the parameter set of the input speech with the stored templates to finally display the sign language in video format. Empirical results show that the system has 80.3% recognition rate.

  19. Structural transition and orbital glass physics in near-itinerant CoV2O4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reig-i-Plessis, D.; Casavant, D.; Garlea, V. O.; Aczel, A. A.; Feygenson, M.; Neuefeind, J.; Zhou, H. D.; Nagler, S. E.; MacDougall, G. J.

    2016-01-01

    The ferrimagnetic spinel CoV2O4 has been a topic of intense recent interest, both as a frustrated insulator with unquenched orbital degeneracy and as a near-itinerant magnet which can be driven metallic with moderate applied pressure. Here, we report on our recent neutron diffraction and inelastic scattering measurements on powders with minimal cation site disorder. Our main new result is the identification of a weak (Δ/a a ˜10-4 ), first order structural phase transition at T*=90 K, the same temperature where spin canting was seen in recent single crystal measurements. This transition is characterized by a short-range distortion of oxygen octahedral positions, and inelastic data further establish a weak Δ ˜1.25 meV spin gap at low temperature. Together, these findings provide strong support for the local orbital picture and the existence of an orbital glass state at temperatures below T*.

  20. Optimal real-time distributed V2G and G2V management of electric vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stüdli, Sonja; Crisostomi, Emanuele; Middleton, Richard; Shorten, Robert

    2014-06-01

    This paper exploits the analogy between the electrical grid and modern communication networks to implement Electric Vehicle (EV) battery charging scheduling algorithms inspired by popular communication network techniques. In preliminary works, a similar approach was used to manage the Grid-to-Vehicle (G2V) active power flows. In this paper, we extend this framework to both implement the Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) concept and to provide reactive power compensation capabilities that do not affect charging times. The ability of the proposed algorithms to optimally share the available/desired power in a fair way, with minimum communication requirements, in a very uncertain, dynamically changing framework, is illustrated through several examples for different scenarios of interest.

  1. Precise measurement of $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ using Japanese Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Suekane, F; Araki, T; Jongok, K

    2004-01-01

    After the KamLAND results, the remaining important targets in neutrino experiments are to measure still unknown 3 basic parameters; absolute neutrino mass scale, CP violation phase $\\delta_{CP}$ and last mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. The angle $\\theta_{13}$ among them is expected to be measured in near future by long baseline accelerator experiments and reactor experiments. In this paper, a realistic idea of high sensitivity reactor measurement of $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ is described. This experiment uses a giant nuclear power plant as the neutrino source and three identical detectors are used to cancel detector and neutrino flux uncertainties. The sensitivity reach on $\\sin^22\\theta_{13}$ is $0.017\\sim0.026$ at $\\Delta m^2_{13} \\sim 3 \\times 10^{-3}eV^2$, which is five to seven times better than the current upper limit measured by CHOOZ.

  2. GRACE RL03-v2 monthly time series of solutions from CNES/GRGS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemoine, Jean-Michel; Bourgogne, Stéphane; Bruinsma, Sean; Gégout, Pascal; Reinquin, Franck; Biancale, Richard

    2015-04-01

    Based on GRACE GPS and KBR Level-1B.v2 data, as well as on LAGEOS-1/2 SLR data, CNES/GRGS has published in 2014 the third full re-iteration of its GRACE gravity field solutions. This monthly time series of solutions, named RL03-v1, complete to spherical harmonics degree/order 80, has displayed interesting performances in terms of spatial resolution and signal amplitude compared to JPL/GFZ/CSR RL05. This is due to a careful selection of the background models (FES2014 ocean tides, ECMWF ERA-interim (atmosphere) and TUGO (non IB-ocean) "dealiasing" models every 3 hours) and to the choice of an original method for gravity field inversion : truncated SVD. Identically to the previous CNES/GRGS releases, no additional filtering of the solutions is necessary before using them. Some problems have however been identified in CNES/GRGS RL03-v1: - an erroneous mass signal located in two small circular rings close to the Earth's poles, leading to the recommendation not to use RL03-v1 above 82° latitudes North and South; - a weakness in the sectorials due to an excessive downweighting of the GRACE GPS observations. These two problems have been understood and addressed, leading to the computation of a corrected time series of solutions, RL03-v2. The corrective steps have been: - to strengthen the determination of the very low degrees by adding Starlette and Stella SLR data to the normal equations; - to increase the weight of the GRACE GPS observations; - to adopt a two steps approach for the computation of the solutions: first a Choleski inversion for the low degrees, followed by a truncated SVD solution. The identification of these problems will be discussed and the performance of the new time series evaluated.

  3. Cue combination encoding via contextual modulation of V1 and V2 neurons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarella MD

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Mark D Zarella, Daniel Y Ts’o Department of Neurosurgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA Abstract: Neurons in early visual cortical areas encode the local properties of a stimulus in a number of different feature dimensions such as color, orientation, and motion. It has been shown, however, that stimuli presented well beyond the confines of the classical receptive field can augment these responses in a way that emphasizes these local attributes within the greater context of the visual scene. This mechanism imparts global information to cells that are otherwise considered local feature detectors and can potentially serve as an important foundation for surface segmentation, texture representation, and figure–ground segregation. The role of early visual cortex toward these functions remains somewhat of an enigma, as it is unclear how surface segmentation cues are integrated from multiple feature dimensions. We examined the impact of orientation- and motion-defined surface segmentation cues in V1 and V2 neurons using a stimulus in which the two features are completely separable. We find that, although some cells are modulated in a cue-invariant manner, many cells are influenced by only one cue or the other. Furthermore, cells that are modulated by both cues tend to be more strongly affected when both cues are presented together than when presented individually. These results demonstrate two mechanisms by which cue combinations can enhance salience. We find that feature-specific populations are more frequently encountered in V1, while cue additivity is more prominent in V2. These results highlight how two strongly interconnected areas at different stages in the cortical hierarchy can potentially contribute to scene segmentation. Keywords: striate, extrastriate, extraclassical, texture, segmentation

  4. DIANA-LncBase v2: indexing microRNA targets on non-coding transcripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraskevopoulou, Maria D; Vlachos, Ioannis S; Karagkouni, Dimitra; Georgakilas, Georgios; Kanellos, Ilias; Vergoulis, Thanasis; Zagganas, Konstantinos; Tsanakas, Panayiotis; Floros, Evangelos; Dalamagas, Theodore; Hatzigeorgiou, Artemis G

    2016-01-04

    microRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) that act as post-transcriptional regulators of coding gene expression. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recently reported to interact with miRNAs. The sponge-like function of lncRNAs introduces an extra layer of complexity in the miRNA interactome. DIANA-LncBase v1 provided a database of experimentally supported and in silico predicted miRNA Recognition Elements (MREs) on lncRNAs. The second version of LncBase (www.microrna.gr/LncBase) presents an extensive collection of miRNA:lncRNA interactions. The significantly enhanced database includes more than 70 000 low and high-throughput, (in)direct miRNA:lncRNA experimentally supported interactions, derived from manually curated publications and the analysis of 153 AGO CLIP-Seq libraries. The new experimental module presents a 14-fold increase compared to the previous release. LncBase v2 hosts in silico predicted miRNA targets on lncRNAs, identified with the DIANA-microT algorithm. The relevant module provides millions of predicted miRNA binding sites, accompanied with detailed metadata and MRE conservation metrics. LncBase v2 caters information regarding cell type specific miRNA:lncRNA regulation and enables users to easily identify interactions in 66 different cell types, spanning 36 tissues for human and mouse. Database entries are also supported by accurate lncRNA expression information, derived from the analysis of more than 6 billion RNA-Seq reads.

  5. Investigation of thermoelectric properties of ZnV2O4 compound at high temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Saurabh; Maurya, R. K.; Pandey, Sudhir K.

    2016-10-01

    In the present work, we report the experimental thermopower (α) data for ZnV2O4 in the high temperature range 300-600 K. The values of α are found to be  ˜184 and  ˜126 μV K-1 at  ˜300 and  ˜600 K, respectively. The temperature dependent behavior of α is almost linear in the measured temperature range. In order to understand the large and positive α values observed in this compound, we have also investigated the electronic and thermoelectric properties by combining the ab initio electronic structure calculations with Boltzmann transport theory. Within the local spin density approximation plus Hubbard U, the anti-ferromagnetic ground state calculation gives an energy gap  ˜0.33 eV for U  =  3.7 eV, which is in accordance with the experimental results. The effective mass for holes in the valence band is found nearly four times that of electrons in the conduction band. The large effective mass of holes are mainly responsible for the observed positive and large α value in this compound. There is reasonably good matching between calculated and experimental α value in the temperature range 300-410 K. The power factor calculation shows that thermoelectric properties in the high temperature region can be enhanced by tuning the sample synthesis conditions and suitable doping. The estimated value of figure-of-merit, ZT, for p-type doped ZnV2O4 is  ˜0.3 in the temperature range 900-1400 K. It suggests that by an appropriate amount of p-type doping, this compound can be a good thermoelectric material in the high temperature region.

  6. REACTOR FUEL ELEMENTS TESTING CONTAINER

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitham, G.K.; Smith, R.R.

    1963-01-15

    This patent shows a method for detecting leaks in jacketed fuel elements. The element is placed in a sealed tank within a nuclear reactor, and, while the reactor operates, the element is sparged with gas. The gas is then led outside the reactor and monitored for radioactive Xe or Kr. (AEC)

  7. Nuclear Reactors and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cason, D.L.; Hicks, S.C. [eds.

    1992-01-01

    This publication Nuclear Reactors and Technology (NRT) announces on a monthly basis the current worldwide information available from the open literature on nuclear reactors and technology, including all aspects of power reactors, components and accessories, fuel elements, control systems, and materials. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the past month. Also included are US information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through the International Energy Agency`s Energy Technology Data Exchange or government-to-government agreements. The digests in NRT and other citations to information on nuclear reactors back to 1948 are available for online searching and retrieval on the Energy Science and Technology Database and Nuclear Science Abstracts (NSA) database. Current information, added daily to the Energy Science and Technology Database, is available to DOE and its contractors through the DOE Integrated Technical Information System. Customized profiles can be developed to provide current information to meet each user`s needs.

  8. WATER BOILER REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, L.D.P.

    1960-11-22

    As its name implies, this reactor utilizes an aqueous solution of a fissionable element salt, and is also conventional in that it contains a heat exchanger cooling coil immersed in the fuel. Its novelty lies in the utilization of a cylindrical reactor vessel to provide a critical region having a large and constant interface with a supernatant vapor region, and the use of a hollow sleeve coolant member suspended from the cover assembly in coaxial relation with the reactor vessel. Cool water is circulated inside this hollow coolant member, and a gap between its outer wall and the reactor vessel is used to carry off radiolytic gases for recombination in an external catalyst chamber. The central passage of the coolant member defines a reflux condenser passage into which the externally recombined gases are returned and condensed. The large and constant interface between fuel solution and vapor region prevents the formation of large bubbles and minimizes the amount of fuel salt carried off by water vapor, thus making possible higher flux densities, specific powers and power densities.

  9. MULTISTAGE FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonke, A.A.; Graae, J.E.A.; Levitz, N.M.

    1959-11-01

    A multistage fluidized bed reactor is described in which each of a number of stages is arranged with respect to an associated baffle so that a fluidizing gas flows upward and a granular solid downward through the stages and baffles, whereas the granular solid stopsflowing downward when the flow of fluidizing gas is shut off.

  10. Fusion reactor materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    1989-01-01

    This paper discuses the following topics on fusion reactor materials: irradiation, facilities, test matrices, and experimental methods; dosimetry, damage parameters, and activation calculations; materials engineering and design requirements; fundamental mechanical behavior; radiation effects; development of structural alloys; solid breeding materials; and ceramics.

  11. Integral Fast Reactor concept

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Till, C.E.; Chang, Y.I.

    1986-01-01

    The Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) is an innovative LMR concept, being developed at Argonne National Laboratory, that fully exploits the inherent properties of liquid metal cooling and metallic fuel to achieve breakthroughs in economics and inherent safety. This paper describes key features and potential advantages of the IFR concept, technology development status, fuel cycle economics potential, and future development path.

  12. The First Reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

    On December 2, 1942, in a racquet court underneath the West Stands of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, a team of scientists led by Enrico Fermi created the first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. This updated and revised story of the first reactor (or "pile") is based on postwar interviews (as told to Corbin…

  13. Thermal Reactor Safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    Information is presented concerning fire risk and protection; transient thermal-hydraulic analysis and experiments; class 9 accidents and containment; diagnostics and in-service inspection; risk and cost comparison of alternative electric energy sources; fuel behavior and experiments on core cooling in LOCAs; reactor event reporting analysis; equipment qualification; post facts analysis of the TMI-2 accident; and computational methods.

  14. Chromatographic and Related Reactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-07

    special information about effects of surface heteroge- neity in the methanation reaction. Studies of an efficient multicolumn assembly for measuring...of organic basic catalysts such as pyridine and 4-methylpicoline. It was demonstrated that the chromatographic reactor gave special information about...Programmed Reaction to obtain special information about surface heterogeneity in the methanation reaction. Advantages of stopped flow over steady state

  15. New concepts for shaftless recycle reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berty, J.M.; Berty, I.J.

    1987-01-01

    Berty Reaction Engineers, Ltd. (BREL) is developing two new laboratory recycle reactors, the ROTOBERTY and the TURBOBERTY. These new reactors are basically improved versions of the original Berty reactor. To understand why the reactors have the features that they do, it is first necessary to briefly review laboratory reactors in general and specifically the original Berty reactor.

  16. Elective catalytic reduction of NO with propane on V2O5/SiO2, V2O5/TiO2, and V2O5/Al2O3 catalysts obtained through the sol-gel method - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v35i1.11888

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leda Maria Saragiotto Colpini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available   Vanadium-based compounds have received a lot of attention in the last years due to their high and selective catalytic activities in major industrial reactions. The catalytic properties of V2O5 may be strengthened and modified when it is dispersed in pure oxides like SiO2, TiO2, and Al2O3. In this work, mixed oxides V2O5/SiO2, V2O5/TiO2, and V2O5/Al2O3 were prepared through the sol-gel method and obtained in nominal concentrations of 10% of V2O5. All samples were submitted to calcination in muffle at 400ºC for 5h. The characterization of the materials by nitrogen adsorption indicated that they present a mesoporous structure. XRD results disclosed that vanadium is highly dispersed in mixed oxide 10% V2O5/TiO2. The materials obtained were studied through selective catalytic reduction (SCR of NO with propane. It was observed that the V2O5/TiO2 system presented a greater efficiency in the conversion of NO to N2 associated to a higher dispersion of vanadium in the support, if compared with the results of other systems reported in literature.  

  17. Brazilian multipurpose reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Brazilian Multipurpose Reactor (RMB) Project is an action of the Federal Government, through the Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation (MCTI) and has its execution under the responsibility of the Brazilian National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN). Within the CNEN, the project is coordinated by the Research and Development Directorate (DPD) and developed through research units of this board: Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (IPEN); Nuclear Engineering Institute (IEN); Centre for Development of Nuclear Technology (CDTN); Regional Center of Nuclear Sciences (CRCN-NE); and Institute of Radiation Protection and Dosimetry (IRD). The Navy Technological Center in Sao Paulo (CTMSP) and also the participation of other research centers, universities, laboratories and companies in the nuclear sector are important and strategic partnerships. The conceptual design and the safety analysis of the reactor and main facilities, related to nuclear and environmental licensing, are performed by technicians of the research units of DPD / CNEN. The basic design was contracted to engineering companies as INTERTHECNE from Brazil and INVAP from Argentine. The research units from DPD/CNEN are also responsible for the design verification on all engineering documents developed by the contracted companies. The construction and installation should be performed by specific national companies and international partnerships. The Nuclear Reactor RMB will be a open pool type reactor with maximum power of 30 MW and have the OPAL nuclear reactor of 20 MW, built in Australia and designed by INVAP, as reference. The RMB reactor core will have a 5x5 configuration, consisting of 23 elements fuels (EC) of U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} dispersion-type Al having a density of up to 3.5 gU/cm{sup 3} and enrichment of 19.75% by weight of {sup 23{sup 5}}U. Two positions will be available in the core for materials irradiation devices. The main objectives of the RMB Reactor and the other nuclear and radioactive

  18. 基于SIP的无线局域网V2IP电话的设计与实现%Design and implementation of wireless local area network V2IP phone based on SIP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓飞; 龙昭华; 张林

    2012-01-01

    对SIP (session initial protocol)协议和WAPI协议进行了研究与分析,在此基础上提出了一种新的基于SIP的V2IP电话模型并实现.与传统IP电话相比,V2IP电话不仅支持WiFi无线接入,而且支持WAPI无线安全接入并可与PC机进行音/视频通话.测试结果表明,基于新模型的V2IP电话具有无线安全接入、音视频传输质量高、可移动性强等优点,并且在稳定性、便携性和可扩展性方面表现良好.%After researching and analyzing the Session Initial Protocol and Wireless LAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure protocol, on this basis a new SIP-based V2IP phone model is proposed and implemented. Compared with traditional IP phones. V2IP supports not only WiFi wireless access, but also the WVPI wireless security access, and it also can carry out audio/video calls with PC It is shown by practice that this V2IP has the advantage of wireless secure access, high-quality audio and video transmission and mobility, and has good performances in stability, portability and extendibility.

  19. Influence of V2O5 Addition on Reduction of NO by C3H6 over Pt/V2O5/Al2O3 Monolithic Catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Shoufang; Jiang Zheng; Yu Junjie; Hao Zhengping

    2004-01-01

    Pt/V2O5/Al2O3 and Pt/Al2O3 monolithic catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method, and the influence of V2 O5 addition on the catalytic activity for NO reduction by C3 H6 under lean burn condition was investigated in detail.The results show that Pt/V2O5/Al2O3 has better activity of NO reduction than Pt/Al2O3 , adding V2O5 to Pt catalyst makes the temperature window of NO reduction shift further to a lower temperature region.The activity of NO reduction decreases and there is a similar degree of deactivation over the two catalysts in the presence of SO2 in feed gas.Moreover, adding V2 O5 to Pt catalyst resulted in improvement of resistance to SO2 oxidation, which decreases the emission of sulfate particulate.Thermal aging treatment counteractes the promoting effect of V2O5 on NO reduction.

  20. Modeling Chemical Reactors I: Quiescent Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Michoski, C E; Schmitz, P G

    2010-01-01

    We introduce a fully generalized quiescent chemical reactor system in arbitrary space $\\vdim =1,2$ or 3, with $n\\in\\mathbb{N}$ chemical constituents $\\alpha_{i}$, where the character of the numerical solution is strongly determined by the relative scaling between the local reactivity of species $\\alpha_{i}$ and the local functional diffusivity $\\mathscr{D}_{ij}(\\alpha)$ of the reaction mixture. We develop an operator time-splitting predictor multi-corrector RK--LDG scheme, and utilize $hp$-adaptivity relying only on the entropy $\\mathscr{S}_{\\mathfrak{R}}$ of the reactive system $\\mathfrak{R}$. This condition preserves these bounded nonlinear entropy functionals as a necessarily enforced stability condition on the coupled system. We apply this scheme to a number of application problems in chemical kinetics; including a difficult classical problem arising in nonequilibrium thermodynamics known as the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction where we utilize a concentration-dependent diffusivity tensor $\\mathscr{D}_{ij}(...

  1. Alternative approaches to fusion. [reactor design and reactor physics for Tokamak fusion reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, R. J.

    1976-01-01

    The limitations of the Tokamak fusion reactor concept are discussed and various other fusion reactor concepts are considered that employ the containment of thermonuclear plasmas by magnetic fields (i.e., stellarators). Progress made in the containment of plasmas in toroidal devices is reported. Reactor design concepts are illustrated. The possibility of using fusion reactors as a power source in interplanetary space travel and electric power plants is briefly examined.

  2. Potential range land for grazing cattle in the United States Pacific Northwest summarized for NHDPlus v2 catchments

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This spatial data set was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to represent the area of land within each incremental watershed delineated in the NHDPlus v2...

  3. Global analysis of the effects of the V2 receptor antagonist satavaptan on protein phosphorylation in collecting duct

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hoffert, Jason D; Pisitkun, Trairak; Saeed, Fahad; Wilson, Justin L; Knepper, Mark A

    2014-01-01

    .... To this end, we carried out a global quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of native rat inner medullary collecting duct cells pretreated with satavaptan or vehicle control followed by the V2...

  4. Synthesis of Cu0.95V2O5/polypyrrole core/sheath nanobelts and its electrochemical property

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shaoyan; Han, Weirong; Chang, Yongfang; Sun, Yan; Li, Chunsheng

    2017-01-01

    A novel heterogeneous Cu0.95V2O5/polypyrrole core/sheath nanobelts have been synthesized via in-situ oxidative polymerization of pyrrole monomers on the surface of hydrothermally synthesized Cu0.95V2O5 nanobelts. The composite are several micrometers in length and 100-200 nm in width. The electrochemical performance of the composites for use as anode materials in lithium-ion batteries were investigated and compared with bare Cu0.95V2O5 nanobelts. It was found the electrochemical performance of Cu0.95V2O5/PPy was significantly enhanced. The remarkable electrochemical performance is mainly attributed to the heterogeneous core/sheath structure, the conductive PPy nanolayer coating help to preserve high capacity, maintain high electrochemical stability, and reduce charge transfer resistance during cycling performance.

  5. Structural and electronic properties of V2O3 ultrathin film on Ag(001): LEED and photoemission study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundu, Asish K.; Menon, Krishnakumar S. R.

    2016-05-01

    V2O3 ultrathin films were grown on Ag(001) substrate by reactive evaporation of vanadium (V) metal in presence of oxygen and their structural and electronic properties were studied by Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED), X-ray Photo Electron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopic (ARPES) techniques, respectively. On top of square symmetry substrate Ag(001), hexagonal surface of V2O3 (0001) is stabilized in the form of two domain structure, rotated by 30°(or 90°)to each other, has been observed by LEED. Rather than epitaxial flat monolayer, formation of well-ordered V2O3 (0001) island has been confirmed from the LEED and the Photoemission Spectroscopic (PES) study. Stoichiometry of the grown film was confirmed by the XPS study. Evolution of valance band electronic structure of V2O3 (0001) surface has been studied as a function of film thickness by ARPES.

  6. Actinides in irradiated graphite of RBMK-1500 reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plukienė, R., E-mail: rita@ar.fi.lt; Plukis, A.; Barkauskas, V.; Gudelis, A.; Gvozdaitė, R.; Duškesas, G.; Remeikis, V.

    2014-10-01

    Highlights: • Activation of actinides in the graphite of the RBMK-1500 reactor was analyzed. • Numerical modeling using SCALE 6.1 and MCNPX was used for actinide calculation. • Measurements of the irradiated graphite sample were used for model validation. • Results are important for further decommissioning process of the RBMK type reactors. - Abstract: The activation of graphite in the nuclear power plants is the problem of high importance related with later graphite reprocessing or disposal. The activation of actinide impurities in graphite due to their toxicity determines a particular long term risk to waste management. In this work the activation of actinides in the graphite constructions of the RBMK-1500 reactor is determined by nuclear spectrometry measurements of the irradiated graphite sample from the Ignalina NPP Unit I and by means of numerical modeling using two independent codes SCALE 6.1 (using TRITON-VI sequence) and MCNPX (v2.7 with CINDER). Both models take into account the 3D RBMK-1500 reactor core fragment with explicit graphite construction including a stack and a sleeve but with a different simplification level concerning surrounding graphite and construction of control roads. The verification of the model has been performed by comparing calculated and measured isotope ratios of actinides. Also good prediction capabilities of the actinide activation in the irradiated graphite have been found for both calculation approaches. The initial U impurity concentration in the graphite model has been adjusted taking into account the experimental results. The specific activities of actinides in the irradiated RBMK-1500 graphite constructions have been obtained and differences between numerical simulation results, different structural parts (sleeve and stack) as well as comparison with previous results (Ancius et al., 2005) have been discussed. The obtained results are important for further decommissioning process of the Ignalina NPP and other RBMK

  7. Documentation for MeshKit - Reactor Geometry (&mesh) Generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, Rajeev [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Mahadevan, Vijay [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2015-09-30

    This report gives documentation for using MeshKit’s Reactor Geometry (and mesh) Generator (RGG) GUI and also briefly documents other algorithms and tools available in MeshKit. RGG is a program designed to aid in modeling and meshing of complex/large hexagonal and rectilinear reactor cores. RGG uses Argonne’s SIGMA interfaces, Qt and VTK to produce an intuitive user interface. By integrating a 3D view of the reactor with the meshing tools and combining them into one user interface, RGG streamlines the task of preparing a simulation mesh and enables real-time feedback that reduces accidental scripting mistakes that could waste hours of meshing. RGG interfaces with MeshKit tools to consolidate the meshing process, meaning that going from model to mesh is as easy as a button click. This report is designed to explain RGG v 2.0 interface and provide users with the knowledge and skills to pilot RGG successfully. Brief documentation of MeshKit source code, tools and other algorithms available are also presented for developers to extend and add new algorithms to MeshKit. RGG tools work in serial and parallel and have been used to model complex reactor core models consisting of conical pins, load pads, several thousands of axially varying material properties of instrumentation pins and other interstices meshes.

  8. Reactor monitoring using antineutrino detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, N. S.

    2011-08-01

    Nuclear reactors have served as the antineutrino source for many fundamental physics experiments. The techniques developed by these experiments make it possible to use these weakly interacting particles for a practical purpose. The large flux of antineutrinos that leaves a reactor carries information about two quantities of interest for safeguards: the reactor power and fissile inventory. Measurements made with antineutrino detectors could therefore offer an alternative means for verifying the power history and fissile inventory of a reactor as part of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and/or other reactor safeguards regimes. Several efforts to develop this monitoring technique are underway worldwide.

  9. Reactor vessel support system. [LMFBR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, M.P.; Holley, J.C.

    1980-05-09

    A reactor vessel support system includes a support ring at the reactor top supported through a box ring on a ledge of the reactor containment. The box ring includes an annular space in the center of its cross-section to reduce heat flow and is keyed to the support ledge to transmit seismic forces from the reactor vessel to the containment structure. A coolant channel is provided at the outside circumference of the support ring to supply coolant gas through the keyways to channels between the reactor vessel and support ledge into the containment space.

  10. 纳米V2O5/AC催化剂脱除烟气中NO的研究%Removal of NO in flue gas with nano V2O5/AC catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娟娟; 强敏; 雷晶晶; 李维; 王欣

    2014-01-01

    以质量分数20%硝酸改性后的柱状活性焦(AC)为载体,通过负载水热法合成的带状纳米V2O5,制备出了带状纳米V2O5/AC催化剂(SV/AC).将SV/AC和传统浸渍法制备出的V2O5/AC催化剂进行脱硝催化性能测试比较,实验结果表明:在烟道温度为200℃,空速为6 000 L/(kg·h),体积分数ψ(NO)=0.05%,ψ(NH3)=0.05%,ψ(O2)=5%,N2为平衡气体,V2O5负载量(质量分数)为1%的条件下,SV/AC的脱硝率可达45.36%,较AC,NAC,V2O5/AC分别提高了39.5%,23.07%,8.04%.SEN和EDS发现SV/AC催化剂的表面孔隙结构较V2 O5/AC,NAC,AC更为发达,BET显示SV/AC的微孔率可达61.9%,较AC,NAC,V2 O5/AC分别增加了39.6%,4.3%,14.0%.在实验条件相同的情况下,研究了添加Cu,Fe,Mo,Ce的金属氧化物对带状纳米V2O5/AC催化剂脱除NO性能的影响.实验结果表明:添加了Fe2 O3后的带状纳米V2O5/AC催化剂的脱硝性能最佳,在Fe2 O3和纳米V2O5的负载量均为1.0%时,催化剂的脱硝率达到最大值,为49.72%,比SV/AC提高了4.36%.

  11. Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of the Na3V2(PO4)3 Cathode for Sodium-Ion Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Nghia, Nguyen; Jafian, Samuel; Hung, I.-Ming

    2016-05-01

    Rhombohedral Na3V2(PO4)3 with a Na+ superionic conductor structure was synthesized using a solid-state reaction method. Citric acid was used as a carbon resource for carbon-thermal reduction reaction to reduce the oxidation state of vanadium. The shape of Na3V2(PO4)3 particles is irregular and its average diameter is in the range 30-50 nm. The Na3V2(PO4)3 exhibits a superior cycling ability and rate capability. The discharge capacity retains 74.3% of the discharge capacity of its first cycle with coulombic efficiency of 99.3% after 100 cycles. The discharge capacity of Na3V2(PO4)3 at 10 C is 48.87 mAh g-1, which is 58.4% of the cell cycled at 0.1 C. Furthermore, the structure of Na3V2(PO4)3 is stable for a considerable amount of Na+ ions (2 mol of Na+ ions) insertion and extraction with only 0.42% difference of unit-cell volume between fully charged and discharged states. Na3V2(PO4)3 is a potential cathode material for sodium-ion battery applications.

  12. Simulation of nanoindentation experiment on RF magnetron sputtered nanocolumnar V2O5 film using finite element method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porwal, Deeksha; Gupta, A. K.; Pillai, Anju M.; Sharma, Anand Kumar; Mukhopadhyay, Anoop Kumar; Khan, Kallol; Dey, Arjun

    2016-07-01

    The present work reports the nanomechanical behavior of a pulsed radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtered vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) film deposited on silicon (Si) substrate using a combination of nanoindentation experiments and a finite element model (FEM). Deposited V2O5 film is characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), nanoprofilometry, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), nanoindentation and FEM. The phase pure 6.16 μm V2O5 film shows a nanocolumnar structure. The film exhibits nanohardness (H) of 0.16 ± 0.013 GPa and Young’s modulus (E) of about 12.05 ± 1.41 GPa. The FEM reproduces experimentally obtained load versus depth (P-h) plot and subsequently give yield stress and strain hardening component data of V2O5 film on Si substrate. Stress-strain behavior and von-Mises stress distribution of the V2O5 film with Si substrate system are also simulated. The FE model confirms the local maximum equivalent stress active underneath the nanoindenters to be nearly twice as high as the yield stress and thereby explains the plastic deformation observed in the V2O5 film.

  13. Preparation and characterization of the TiO2-V2O5 photocatalyst with visible-light activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jianhua; YANG Rong; LI Songmei

    2006-01-01

    Visible-light responsive TiO2-V2O5 catalyst was prepared using a binary sol-gel and in-situ intercalation method.The TiO2 sol and V2O5 sol were mixed to disperse the V2O5 species in the TiO2 phase at molecular level. The binary sol was then intercalated into interspaces of polyaniline (PANI) by means of in-situ polymerization of aniline. Conglomeration of the TiO2-V2O5 clusters during the calcination process was avoided because of the wrap of polyaniline. The surface morphology, the crystal phases, the stmcture, and the absorption spectra of (PANI)n/TiO2-V2O5 and the composite catalyst were studied using SEM, XRD, FI-IR, and UV-Vis. The photoactivity of the prepared catalyst under UV and visible light irradiation were evaluated by decolorization of methylene blue (MB) solution. The results showed that the composite catalyst displayed a homogeneous anatase phase, and the vanadium pentoxide species was highly dispersed in the TiO2 phase. The composite catalyst responded to visible light because of the narrowed band gap. In this study, the catalyst with the sol volume ratio of TiO2: V2O5 = 10:1 presented the best photocatalytic activity.

  14. Structure of HIV-1 gp120 V1/V2 domain with broadly neutralizing antibody PG9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McLellan, Jason S.; Pancera, Marie; Carrico, Chris; Gorman, Jason; Julien, Jean-Philippe; Khayat, Reza; Louder, Robert; Pejchal, Robert; Sastry, Mallika; Dai, Kaifan; O’Dell, Sijy; Patel, Nikita; Shahzad-ul-Hussan, Syed; Yang, Yongping; Zhang, Baoshan; Zhou, Tongqing; Zhu, Jiang; Boyington, Jeffrey C.; Chuang, Gwo-Yu; Diwanji, Devan; Georgiev, Ivelin; Kwon, Young Do; Lee, Doyung; Louder, Mark K.; Moquin, Stephanie; Schmidt, Stephen D.; Yang, Zhi-Yong; Bonsignori, Mattia; Crump, John A.; Kapiga, Saidi H.; Sam, Noel E.; Haynes, Barton F.; Burton, Dennis R.; Koff, Wayne C.; Walker, Laura M.; Phogat, Sanjay; Wyatt, Richard; Orwenyo, Jared; Wang, Lai-Xi; Arthos, James; Bewley, Carole A.; Mascola, John R.; Nabel, Gary J.; Schief, William R.; Ward, Andrew B.; Wilson, Ian A.; Kwong, Peter D. (UWASH); (NIH); (Scripps); (Duke); (IAVI); (Maryland-MED)

    2012-12-13

    Variable regions 1 and 2 (V1/V2) of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) gp120 envelope glycoprotein are critical for viral evasion of antibody neutralization, and are themselves protected by extraordinary sequence diversity and N-linked glycosylation. Human antibodies such as PG9 nonetheless engage V1/V2 and neutralize 80% of HIV-1 isolates. Here we report the structure of V1/V2 in complex with PG9. V1/V2 forms a four-stranded {beta}-sheet domain, in which sequence diversity and glycosylation are largely segregated to strand-connecting loops. PG9 recognition involves electrostatic, sequence-independent and glycan interactions: the latter account for over half the interactive surface but are of sufficiently weak affinity to avoid autoreactivity. The structures of V1/V2-directed antibodies CH04 and PGT145 indicate that they share a common mode of glycan penetration by extended anionic loops. In addition to structurally defining V1/V2, the results thus identify a paradigm of antibody recognition for highly glycosylated antigens, which - with PG9 - involves a site of vulnerability comprising just two glycans and a strand.

  15. V2O5-C-SnO2 Hybrid Nanobelts as High Performance Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Linfei; Yang, Mingyang; Zhang, Shengliang; Wu, Zefei; Amini, Abbas; Zhang, Yi; Wang, Dongyong; Bao, Shuhan; Lu, Zhouguang; Wang, Ning; Cheng, Chun

    2016-01-01

    The superior performance of metal oxide nanocomposites has introduced them as excellent candidates for emerging energy sources, and attracted significant attention in recent years. The drawback of these materials is their inherent structural pulverization which adversely impacts their performance and makes the rational design of stable nanocomposites a great challenge. In this work, functional V2O5-C-SnO2 hybrid nanobelts (VCSNs) with a stable structure are introduced where the ultradispersed SnO2 nanocrystals are tightly linked with glucose on the V2O5 surface. The nanostructured V2O5 acts as a supporting matrix as well as an active electrode component. Compared with existing carbon-V2O5 hybrid nanobelts, these hybrid nanobelts exhibit a much higher reversible capacity and architectural stability when used as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The superior cyclic performance of VCSNs can be attributed to the synergistic effects of SnO2 and V2O5. However, limited data are available for V2O5-based anodes in lithium-ion battery design. PMID:27677326

  16. A novel CaV2.2 channel inhibition by piracetam in peripheral and central neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo-Martínez, Jorge; Arenas, Isabel; Vivas, Oscar; Rebolledo-Antúnez, Santiago; Vázquez-García, Mario; Larrazolo, Arturo; García, David E

    2012-10-01

    No mechanistic actions for piracetam have been documented to support its nootropic effects. Voltage-gated calcium channels have been proposed as a promising pharmacological target of nootropic drugs. In this study, we investigated the effect of piracetam on Ca(V)2.2 channels in peripheral neurons, using patch-clamp recordings from cultured superior cervical ganglion neurons. In addition, we tested if Ca(V)2.2 channel inhibition could be related with the effects of piracetam on central neurons. We found that piracetam inhibited native Ca(V)2.2 channels in superior cervical ganglion neurons in a dose-dependent manner, with an IC(50) of 3.4 μmol/L and a Hill coefficient of 1.1. GDPβS dialysis did not prevent piracetam-induced inhibition of Ca(V)2.2 channels and G-protein-coupled receptor activation by noradrenaline did not occlude the piracetam effect. Piracetam altered the biophysical characteristics of Ca(V)2.2 channel such as facilitation ratio. In hippocampal slices, piracetam and ω-conotoxin GVIA diminished the frequency of excitatory postsynaptic potentials and action potentials. Our results provide evidence of piracetam's actions on Ca(V)2.2 channels in peripheral neurons, which might explain some of its nootropic effects in central neurons.

  17. KALIMER-600-clad Core Fuel Assembly Calculation using MATRA-LMR (V2.0) Code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Gyun; Kim, Young Il

    2006-12-15

    Since the sodium boiling point is very high, maximum cladding and pin temperatures are used for design limit condition in sodium cooled liquid metal reactor. It is necessary to predict accurately the temperature distribution in the core and in the subassemblies to increase the sodium coolant efficiency. Based on the MATRA code, which is developed for PWR analysis, MATRA-LMR has been developed for SFR. The major modifications are: the sodium properties table is implemented as subprogram in the code, Heat transfer coefficients are changed for SFR, te pressure drop correlations are changed for more accurate calculations, which are Novendstern, Chiu-Rohsenow-Todreas, and Cheng-Todreas correlations. This This report describes briefly code structure and equations of MATRA-LMR (Version 2.0), explains input data preparation and shows some calculation results for the KALIMER-600-clad core fuel assembly for which has been performed the conceptual design of the core in the year 2006.

  18. Methanogenesis in Thermophilic Biogas Reactors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahring, Birgitte Kiær

    1995-01-01

    Methanogenesis in thermophilic biogas reactors fed with different wastes is examined. The specific methanogenic activity with acetate or hydrogen as substrate reflected the organic loading of the specific reactor examined. Increasing the loading of thermophilic reactors stabilized the process...... as indicated by a lower concentration of volatile fatty acids in the effluent from the reactors. The specific methanogenic activity in a thermophilic pilot-plant biogas reactor fed with a mixture of cow and pig manure reflected the stability of the reactor. The numbers of methanogens counted by the most...... against Methanothrix soehngenii or Methanothrix CALS-I in any of the thermophilic biogas reactors examined. Studies using 2-14C-labeled acetate showed that at high concentrations (more than approx. 1 mM) acetate was metabolized via the aceticlastic pathway, transforming the methyl-group of acetate...

  19. CYP4V2基因突变在结晶样视网膜变性中的作用机制%Progress in mechanism of CYP4V2 gene mutations for Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    瞿玲辉

    2014-01-01

    Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD) is a common form of hereditary retinal degeneration in Chinese.Mutation of the cytochrome P450 4V2 (CYP4V2) gene,a novel family member of the cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 4q35,has been identified in BCD patients,with the common mutation locus at c.802-8 _ 810dell7insGC (Exon7del),c.992A > C (p.H331 P) and c.1091-2A > G (Exon 9del).CYP4V2 is responsible for oxidation of various substrates in the metabolic pathway,especially ω-hydroxylase activity towards ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).CYP4V2 appears to be the only CYP4 memeber at significant levels in retinal cells,and it may be a prominent contributor to local metabolism of PUFAs,mainly DHA (C22:6n-3),in retinal cells.To understand and investigate the main mechanism of CYP4V2 gene mutation causing BCD is important in the study of genetic diagnosis and genetic management of BCD.This review summarized the current advance in the genetic mechanism of BCD and function of CYP4V2 gene,elucidated the substrate specificity and unraveled the biochemical pathways that may impact function of CYP4V2 in BCD patients.%结晶样视网膜变性(BCD)是一种常染色体隐性遗传的视网膜退行性疾病,其致病基因为CYP4V2,常见的突变位点是c.802-8_810del17insGC(Exon7del)、c.992A>C(p.H331P)和c.1091-2A>G(Exon 9del),基因突变形式多样.CYP4V2基因属于细胞色素氧化酶P450家族,编码蛋白CYP4V2,主要发挥脂肪酸的ω-氢基化作用.CYP4V2是眼部最主要的发挥多不饱合脂肪酸催化作用的细胞色素氧化酶,其内源性的底物是ω-3族多不饱合脂肪酸,在眼部主要为二十二碳六烯酸(DHA).了解和研究CYP4 V2基因突变导致BCD的发病机制在该病的基因诊断和治疗研究中具有重要意义.就BCD的分子病因学、CYP4V2酶的生化特性和CYP4V2基因突变导致BCD发病机制的研究进展进行综述.

  20. MinFinder v2.0: An improved version of MinFinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsoulos, Ioannis G.; Lagaris, Isaac E.

    2008-10-01

    A new version of the "MinFinder" program is presented that offers an augmented linking procedure for Fortran-77 subprograms, two additional stopping rules and a new start-point rejection mechanism that saves a significant portion of gradient and function evaluations. The method is applied on a set of standard test functions and the results are reported. New version program summaryProgram title: MinFinder v2.0 Catalogue identifier: ADWU_v2_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADWU_v2_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC Licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 14 150 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 218 144 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language used: GNU C++, GNU FORTRAN, GNU C Computer: The program is designed to be portable in all systems running the GNU C++ compiler Operating system: Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD RAM: 200 000 bytes Classification: 4.9 Catalogue identifier of previous version: ADWU_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Computer Physics Communications 174 (2006) 166-179 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes Nature of problem: A multitude of problems in science and engineering are often reduced to minimizing a function of many variables. There are instances that a local optimum does not correspond to the desired physical solution and hence the search for a better solution is required. Local optimization techniques can be trapped in any local minimum. Global optimization is then the appropriate tool. For example, solving a non-linear system of equations via optimization, one may encounter many local minima that do not correspond to solutions, i.e. they are far from zero. Solution method: Using a uniform pdf, points are sampled from a rectangular domain. A clustering technique, based on a typical distance

  1. Mechanism of Hg(0) oxidation in the presence of HCl over a commercial V2O5-WO3/TiO2 SCR catalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ruihui; Xu, Wenqing; Tong, Li; Zhu, Tingyu

    2015-10-01

    Experiments were conducted in a fixed-bed reactor containing a commercial V2O5/WO3/TiO2 catalyst to investigate mercury oxidation in the presence of HCl and O2. Mercury oxidation was improved significantly in the presence of HCl and O2, and the Hg(0) oxidation efficiencies decreased slowly as the temperature increased from 200 to 400°C. Upon pretreatment with HCl and O2 at 350°C, the catalyst demonstrated higher catalytic activity for Hg(0) oxidation. Notably, the effect of pretreatment with HCl alone was not obvious. For the catalyst treated with HCl and O2, better performance was observed with lower reaction temperatures. The results showed that both HCl and Hg(0) were first adsorbed onto the catalyst and then reacted with O2 following its adsorption, which indicates that the oxidation of Hg(0) over the commercial catalyst followed the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Several characterization techniques, including Hg(0) temperature-programmed desorption (Hg-TPD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), were employed in this work. Hg-TPD profiles showed that weakly adsorbed mercury species were converted to strongly bound species in the presence of HCl and O2. XPS patterns indicated that new chemisorbed oxygen species were formed by the adsorption of HCl, which consequently facilitated the oxidation of mercury.

  2. 新佐剂--Montanide ISA 50 V2在马免疫中的应用研究%Application of a new adjuvant-Montanide ISA 50 V2 in horse immunization program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫涛; 柳洲; 李育合; 谢小荣; 孟祥玉; 张廷芬; 高建军

    2013-01-01

    Objective To improve the titers of antitoxin serum prepared in horses immunization program .Methods Mon-tanide ISA 50V2 was used as a new adjuvant in immunization program for rabbits and horses .Montanide SA 50V2 and Clostridium botulinum type A and F toxoids antigens were emulsified to O /W emulsion, and then using this emulsion to im-munize the horses , and compared with the conventional adjuvant ( FIA) with the same antigen of clostridium botulinum type A and F toxoids .Results The immune effect was the best when two emulsions were alternately used ,the titer of antitoxin serum was the highest .Conclusion Montanide ISA 50V2 could be used as a adjuvant in horses immunization program for production of higher titers of antitoxin serum .%目的研究新佐剂-Montanide ISA 50V2在马免疫中的应用,制定合理的免疫程序,提高马免疫血清效价。方法用Montanide ISA 50V2乳化A型和F型肉毒类毒素制备成油乳抗原,免疫家兔和马,并与福氏不完全佐剂进行对比。结果在马免疫程序中,Montanide ISA 50V2与福氏不完全佐剂交替使用效果更好,免疫效价较高。结论在进一步试验确证后,将Montanide ISA 50V2作为佐剂应用于马免疫中,以获得更高的免疫血清的效价。

  3. V2 to Bomarc: Reading Gravity’s Rainbow in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Comyn

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article I argue that while Thomas Pynchon’s 1973 novel, 'Gravity’s Rainbow',' 'is set primarily between 1944-1946 in Europe, it also simultaneously addresses itself to its own authorial context—that of the “Long Sixties” in America. In particular I consider details of Pynchon’s employment at the Bomarc Service News in the years 1960-1962—the Bomarc being a surface-to-air interceptor missile manufactured by the Boeing Aircraft Company for the United States Air Force. Given that the V-2 rocket is the preeminent symbol of control in 'Gravity’s Rainbow', I argue that we ought to consider 'Gravity’s Rainbow 'in relation to the Bomarc, a technological descendent of the V-2, and a key defensive weapon in the Air Force’s Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE, a centralised system for continental air defence, and the preeminent computerised command and control system of its time. The Bomarc was for these reasons a crucial component of a technical system of control that provided the primary material support for what Paul Edwards has described as the “closed-world discourse” of Cold War America. In light of this history I proceed to read the novel in terms of the operative presence of this discourse in the American public domain—in articles, newsreels and other media—demonstrating the manner in which the ‘Rocket-State’ of 'Gravity’s Rainbow 'reconstitutes the human subject as a cyborg, thereby problematising the liberal humanist conception of the subject as discrete, autonomous and autopoetic. I supplement this contextual reading of the novel with formalist considerations for the manner in which the reader of the novel is implicated in 'Gravity’s Rainbow’s' own operations of closure and control, and argue that the reader of the novel is also, regardless of context, subjected to and by the act of reading the novel considered in cybernetic terms. I conclude the essay by reading the novel’s closing moments

  4. Competition between plant functional types in the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) v. 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melton, J. R.; Arora, V. K.

    2016-01-01

    The Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) is the interactive vegetation component in the Earth system model of the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis. CTEM models land-atmosphere exchange of CO2 through the response of carbon in living vegetation, and dead litter and soil pools, to changes in weather and climate at timescales of days to centuries. Version 1.0 of CTEM uses prescribed fractional coverage of plant functional types (PFTs) although, in reality, vegetation cover continually adapts to changes in climate, atmospheric composition and anthropogenic forcing. Changes in the spatial distribution of vegetation occur on timescales of years to centuries as vegetation distributions inherently have inertia. Here, we present version 2.0 of CTEM, which includes a representation of competition between PFTs based on a modified version of the Lotka-Volterra (L-V) predator-prey equations. Our approach is used to dynamically simulate the fractional coverage of CTEM's seven natural, non-crop PFTs, which are then compared with available observation-based estimates. Results from CTEM v. 2.0 show the model is able to represent the broad spatial distributions of its seven PFTs at the global scale. However, differences remain between modelled and observation-based fractional coverage of PFTs since representing the multitude of plant species globally, with just seven non-crop PFTs, only captures the large-scale climatic controls on PFT distributions. As expected, PFTs that exist in climate niches are difficult to represent either due to the coarse spatial resolution of the model, and the corresponding driving climate, or the limited number of PFTs used. We also simulate the fractional coverage of PFTs using unmodified L-V equations to illustrate its limitations. The geographic and zonal distributions of primary terrestrial carbon pools and fluxes from the versions of CTEM that use prescribed and dynamically simulated fractional coverage of PFTs compare

  5. Alternative (G-16v2) Ground Motion Prediction Equations for the Central and Eastern North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graizer, V.

    2016-12-01

    Introduced is the ground motion prediction equations model for the Central and Eastern North America that represents an alternative more physically justified approach to ground motion attenuation modeling then previous Graizer (2016) G-16 model. The new model has a bilinear slope of R-1 within 70 km from the fault with a slope of R-0.5 at larger distances corresponding to the geometrical spreading of body and surface waves. The new (G-16v2) model is based in part on the NGA-East database for the horizontal peak ground acceleration and 5%-damped pseudo spectral acceleration (SA) and also on comparisons with the Western U.S. data and ground motion simulations. Based on data, I estimated the average slope of the distance attenuation within the 50-70 km distance from the fault to be -1.0 at most of the frequencies supporting regular geometrical spreading of body waves. Multiple inversions are performed to estimate apparent (combined intrinsic and scattering) attenuation of SA amplitudes from the NGA-East database for incorporation into the model. These estimates demonstrate a difference between seismological Q(f) and the above mentioned attenuation factor that I recommend calling QSA(f). I adjusted previously developed site correction which was based on multiple runs of representative VS30 (time-averaged shear-wave velocity in the upper 30 m) profiles through SHAKE-type equivalent-linear codes. Site amplifications are calculated relative to the hard rock definition used in nuclear industry (VS=2800 m/s). These improvements resulted in a modest reduction in standard deviation in the new G-16v2 relative to the G-16 model. The number of model predictors is limited to a few measurable parameters: moment magnitude M, closest distance to fault rupture plane Rrup, VS30, and apparent attenuation factor QSA(f). The model is applicable for the stable continental regions and covers the following range: 4.0≤M≤8.5, 0≤Rrup≤1000 km, 450≤VS30≤2800 m/s and frequencies 0.1

  6. Competition between plant functional types in the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM v. 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. R. Melton

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM is the interactive vegetation component in the Earth system model of the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis. CTEM models land–atmosphere exchange of CO2 through the response of carbon in living vegetation, and dead litter and soil pools, to changes in weather and climate at timescales of days to centuries. Version 1.0 of CTEM uses prescribed fractional coverage of plant functional types (PFTs although, in reality, vegetation cover continually adapts to changes in climate, atmospheric composition, and anthropogenic forcing. Changes in the spatial distribution of vegetation occur on timescales of years to centuries as vegetation distributions inherently have inertia. Here, we present version 2.0 of CTEM which includes a representation of competition between PFTs based on a modified version of the Lotka–Volterra (L–V predator–prey equations. Our approach is used to dynamically simulate the fractional coverage of CTEM's seven natural, non-crop PFTs which are then compared with available observation-based estimates. Results from CTEM v. 2.0 show the model is able to represent the broad spatial distributions of its seven PFTs at the global scale. However, differences remain between modelled and observation-based fractional coverages of PFTs since representing the multitude of plant species globally, with just seven non-crop PFTs, only captures the large scale climatic controls on PFT distributions. As expected, PFTs that exist in climate niches are difficult to represent either due to the coarse spatial resolution of the model, and the corresponding driving climate, or the limited number of PFTs used. We also simulate the fractional coverages of PFTs using unmodified L–V equations to illustrate its limitations. The geographic and zonal distributions of primary terrestrial carbon pools and fluxes from the versions of CTEM that use prescribed and dynamically simulated fractional

  7. A Comparative Structural and Electrochemical Study of Monoclinic Li3V2(PO4)3/C and Rhombohedral Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C%Li3V2(PO4)3/C和Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C的结构和电化学性能的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉; 陈振宇; 戴长松; 纪大龙; 李佳杰; 魏杰

    2012-01-01

    A lithium-ion battery cathode material,Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C,was prepared by the sol-gel method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD),cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).As a control,Li3V2(PO4)3/C (LVP/C) was also prepared and studied.The effect of sodium-ion doping on the structure and electrochemical properties was studied.The XRD pattern of Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C indicates that the monoclinic structure of Li3-xNaxV2(PO4)3 has transformed into a rhombohedral structure because of large amount of sodium-ion doping.For Li25Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C,a specific discharge capacity of 118 mAh·g-1 is achieved at a 0.5 C charge rate and 1 C discharge rate,and a 92.4% retention rate of the initial capacity is obtained after 50 cycles.Different from monoclinic LVP,there is only one discharge plateau at 3.7 V in the charge/discharge voltage profile of Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C.%采用溶胶-凝胶法合成了锂离子正极材料Li3V2(PO4)JC(LVP/C)及Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C,并用XRD、循环伏安及交流阻抗等方法,研究了大量Na+掺杂对材料结构和电化学性能影响.结果表明,大量钠离子的掺杂会使LVP结构由单斜向菱方转变.掺杂化合物Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)/C在0.5 C充电1C放电时,首次放电容量为118 mAh·g-1,50次循环后容量保持率为92.4%,并发现与单斜LVP存在多个放电平台不同,Li2.5Na0.5V2(PO4)3/C仅在3.7 V处有一个放电平台.

  8. Compact fusion reactors

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    Fusion research is currently to a large extent focused on tokamak (ITER) and inertial confinement (NIF) research. In addition to these large international or national efforts there are private companies performing fusion research using much smaller devices than ITER or NIF. The attempt to achieve fusion energy production through relatively small and compact devices compared to tokamaks decreases the costs and building time of the reactors and this has allowed some private companies to enter the field, like EMC2, General Fusion, Helion Energy, Lawrenceville Plasma Physics and Lockheed Martin. Some of these companies are trying to demonstrate net energy production within the next few years. If they are successful their next step is to attempt to commercialize their technology. In this presentation an overview of compact fusion reactor concepts is given.

  9. MEANS FOR COOLING REACTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, J.A.

    1957-11-01

    A design of a reactor is presented in which the fuel elements may be immersed in a liquid coolant when desired without the necessity of removing them from the reactor structure. The fuel elements, containing the fissionable material are in plate form and are disposed within spaced slots in a moderator material, such as graphite to form the core. Adjacent the core is a tank containing the liquid coolant. The fuel elements are mounted in spaced relationship on a rotatable shaft which is located between the core and the tank so that by rotation of the shaft the fuel elements may be either inserted in the slots in the core to sustain a chain reaction or immersed in the coolant.

  10. Integrated Microfluidic Reactors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Wei-Yu; Wang, Yanju; Wang, Shutao; Tseng, Hsian-Rong

    2009-12-01

    Microfluidic reactors exhibit intrinsic advantages of reduced chemical consumption, safety, high surface-area-to-volume ratios, and improved control over mass and heat transfer superior to the macroscopic reaction setting. In contract to a continuous-flow microfluidic system composed of only a microchannel network, an integrated microfluidic system represents a scalable integration of a microchannel network with functional microfluidic modules, thus enabling the execution and automation of complicated chemical reactions in a single device. In this review, we summarize recent progresses on the development of integrated microfluidics-based chemical reactors for (i) parallel screening of in situ click chemistry libraries, (ii) multistep synthesis of radiolabeled imaging probes for positron emission tomography (PET), (iii) sequential preparation of individually addressable conducting polymer nanowire (CPNW), and (iv) solid-phase synthesis of DNA oligonucleotides. These proof-of-principle demonstrations validate the feasibility and set a solid foundation for exploring a broad application of the integrated microfluidic system.

  11. Characterization of pulsed laser deposition grown V2O3 converted VO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majid, Suhail; Shukla, D. K.; Rahman, F.; Gautam, Kamini; Sathe, V. G.; Choudhary, R. J.; Phase, D. M.

    2016-10-01

    Controllable tuning of Metal-insulator transition in VxOy thin film has been a field of extensive research. However controlled synthesis of desired Vanadium oxide phase is a challenging task. We have successfully achieved VO2 phase on Silicon substrate after post deposition annealing treatment to the PLD grown as deposited V2O3 thin films. The annealed thin film was characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), resistivity, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. XRD confirms the crystalline nature and growth of VO2 phase in thin film. The characteristic MIT was observed from resistivity measurements and transition temperature appeared at lower value around 336 K, compared to bulk VO2. The structural transition accompanied with MIT from lower temperature monoclinic phase to higher temperature Rutile phase became evident from temperature dependent Raman measurements. Chemical state of vanadium was examined using XAS and XPS measurements which confirm the presence of +4 oxidation state of vanadium in thin film.

  12. Electrochemical impedance spectra of V2O5 xerogel films with intercalation of lithium ion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yong; LIU Yu-wen; CHENG Yu-shan; HU Xin-guo

    2005-01-01

    Vanadium pentoxide xerogel films used for lithium rechargeable batteries were prepared from crystalline c-V2 O5 by melt quenching method,then the electrochemical process of lithium intercalation into vanadium pentoxide xerogel films was simulated with an equivalent circuit model, which was derived from the mechanism of electrode reactions. Measured electrochemical impedance spectra at various electrode potentials were analyzed by using the complex non-linear least-squares fitting method. The results show that impedance spectra consist of 2 high-to-medium frequency depressed arcs and a low frequency straight line. The high frequency arc is attributed to the absorption reaction of lithium ions into the oxide film, the medium frequency arc is attributed to the charge transfer reaction at the vanadium oxide/electrolyte interface and the low frequency is characterized by a straight line with a phase angle of 45° corresponding to the diffusion of lithium ion through vanadium oxide phase. The experimental and calculated results are compared and discussed focusing on the electrochemical performance and the state of charge of the electrode. Moreover, the high consistence of the fitted values of the model to the experimental data indicates that this mathematical model does give a satisfying description of the intercalation process of vanadium pentoxide xerogel films.

  13. AC impedance spectroscopy and conductivity studies of Dy doped Bi4V2O11 ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bag, Sasmitarani; Das, Parthasarathi; Behera, Banarji

    2017-03-01

    The ac impedance and conductivity properties of Dy doped Bi4V2 - x Dy x O11 (x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) ceramics prepared by solid-state reaction technique, in a wide frequency range at different temperatures have been studied. All the samples exhibited β-type phase orthorhombic structure at room temperature. The Nyquist plot confirmed the presence of both grain and grain boundary effects for all Dy doped samples. Double relaxation behavior was also observed. The grain and grain boundary resistance decreases with rise in temperature for all the concentration and exhibits a typical negative temperature co-efficient of resistance (NTCR) behavior. An analysis of the electric modulus suggests the possible hopping mechanism for electrical transport processes of all the materials. The ac conductivity spectrum obeys Jonscher's universal power law. DC conductivity of the materials were also studied and values of the activation energy found to be 0.40, 0.49, 0.73 and 0.78 eV for the compositions x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively, at different temperatures (150-375 °C).

  14. Heat switch effect in an antiferromagnetic insulator Co3V2O8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, X.; Wu, J. C.; Zhao, Z. Y.; He, Z. Z.; Song, J. D.; Zhao, J. Y.; Liu, X. G.; Sun, X. F.; Li, X. G.

    2016-06-01

    We report a heat switch effect in single crystals of an antiferromagnet Co3V2O8, that is, the thermal conductivity (κ) can be changed with magnetic field in an extremely large scale. Due to successive magnetic phase transitions at 12-6 K, the zero-field κ(T ) displays a deep minimum at 6.7 K and rather small magnitude at low temperatures. Both the temperature and field dependencies of κ demonstrate that the phonons are strongly scattered at the regime of magnetic phase transitions. Magnetic field can suppress magnetic scattering effect and significantly recover the phonon thermal conductivity. In particular, a 14 T field along the a axis increases the κ at 7.5 K up to 100 times. For H ∥c , the magnitude of κ can be suppressed down to ˜8% at some field-induced transition and can be enhanced up to 20 times at 14 T. The present results demonstrate that it is possible to design a kind of heat switch in the family of magnetic materials.

  15. World Digital Magnetic Anomaly Map version 2 (WDMAM v.2) - released for research and education

    Science.gov (United States)

    CHOI-Dyment, Y.; Lesur, V.; Dyment, J.; Hamoudi, M.; Thebault, E.; Catalan, M.

    2015-12-01

    The World Digital Magnetic Anomaly Map is an international initiative carried out under the auspices of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) and the Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW). A first version of the map has been published and distributed eight years ago (WDMAM v1; Korhonen et al., 2007). We have produced a candidate which has been accepted as the second version of this map (WDMAM v2) at the International Union of Geophysics and Geodesy in Prag, in June 2015. On land, we adopted an alternative approach avoiding any unnecessary processing on existing aeromagnetic compilations. When available, we used the original aeromagnetic data. As a result the final compilation remains an acceptable representation of the national and international data grids. Over oceanic areas the marine data have been extended. In areas of insufficient data coverage, a model has been computed based on a modified digital grid of the oceanic lithosphere age, considering plate motions in the determination of magnetization vector directions. This model has been further adjusted to the available data, resulting in a better representation of the anomalies. The final grid will be periodically upgraded. Version 2.0 has been released and is available at wdmam.org to support both research and education projects. Colleagues willing to contribute data for future releases (and become a co-author of the map) should contact any of the authors or Jerome Dyment (chair of the WDMAM Task Force) at jdy@ipgp.fr .

  16. Assessment of the accuracy of 3D models obtained with DSLR camera and Kinect v2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachat, E.; Macher, H.; Landes, T.; Grussenmeyer, P.

    2015-05-01

    3D modeling of objects such as statues, moldings or ornaments, answers to a need of documentation and analysis in the field of cultural heritage. Several sensors based on different technologies are used to obtain information on the geometry of an object in form of point clouds: laser scanners, digital cameras or more recently RGB-D cameras. Among them, the recent Kinect v2 sensor looks promising and therefore its use has been studied in this paper. The aim of this paper is to compare two methodologies for 3D models acquisition: photogrammetry-based models and models obtained using a RGB-D camera. Since the quality of the meshed models is obviously correlated to the quality of the point cloud, the result will be more or less faithful to reality. To quantify this reliability, several comparisons to a reference model have been carried out. Regarding the results of the comparisons, we will be able to conclude about the strengths and weaknesses of photogrammetry and RGB-D cameras for 3D modeling of complex objects.

  17. Repurposing the Microsoft Kinect for Windows v2 for external head motion tracking for brain PET

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noonan, P. J.; Howard, J.; Hallett, W. A.; Gunn, R. N.

    2015-11-01

    Medical imaging systems such as those used in positron emission tomography (PET) are capable of spatial resolutions that enable the imaging of small, functionally important brain structures. However, the quality of data from PET brain studies is often limited by subject motion during acquisition. This is particularly challenging for patients with neurological disorders or with dynamic research studies that can last 90 min or more. Restraining head movement during the scan does not eliminate motion entirely and can be unpleasant for the subject. Head motion can be detected and measured using a variety of techniques that either use the PET data itself or an external tracking system. Advances in computer vision arising from the video gaming industry could offer significant benefits when re-purposed for medical applications. A method for measuring rigid body type head motion using the Microsoft Kinect v2 is described with results presenting  ⩽0.5 mm spatial accuracy. Motion data is measured in real-time at 30 Hz using the KinectFusion algorithm. Non-rigid motion is detected using the residual alignment energy data of the KinectFusion algorithm allowing for unreliable motion to be discarded. Motion data is aligned to PET listmode data using injected pulse sequences into the PET/CT gantry allowing for correction of rigid body motion. Pilot data from a clinical dynamic PET/CT examination is shown.

  18. COLOMBOS v2.0: an ever expanding collection of bacterial expression compendia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meysman, Pieter; Sonego, Paolo; Bianco, Luca; Fu, Qiang; Ledezma-Tejeida, Daniela; Gama-Castro, Socorro; Liebens, Veerle; Michiels, Jan; Laukens, Kris; Marchal, Kathleen; Collado-Vides, Julio; Engelen, Kristof

    2014-01-01

    The COLOMBOS database (http://www.colombos.net) features comprehensive organism-specific cross-platform gene expression compendia of several bacterial model organisms and is supported by a fully interactive web portal and an extensive web API. COLOMBOS was originally published in PLoS One, and COLOMBOS v2.0 includes both an update of the expression data, by expanding the previously available compendia and by adding compendia for several new species, and an update of the surrounding functionality, with improved search and visualization options and novel tools for programmatic access to the database. The scope of the database has also been extended to incorporate RNA-seq data in our compendia by a dedicated analysis pipeline. We demonstrate the validity and robustness of this approach by comparing the same RNA samples measured in parallel using both microarrays and RNA-seq. As far as we know, COLOMBOS currently hosts the largest homogenized gene expression compendia available for seven bacterial model organisms. PMID:24214998

  19. Phonons and related spectra in V2O5 bulk and monolayer(001)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Churna; Lambrecht, Walter R. L.

    2014-03-01

    We study the phonons at the zone center for the layered material V2O5 using density functional perturbation theory. The mode frequencies and their calculated infra-red and Raman spectra are shown to be in good agreement with results from literature. We find better agreement with the experiment, using a pseudopotential that treats vanadium semicore states 3s and 3p as bands. We also study the changes between bulk and monolayer using the same method. We find significant changes in some phonon frequencies. In particular, we see the high frequency modes related to bond-stretching between vanadium and vanadyl-oxygen exhibit a blue shift while a few low-frequency modes show a red-shift. The interatomic force constants, separated in their long-range and short range components are used to analyze the origin of these shifts. We find that the blue shifts arise predominantly from a change in the long-range force constants which is due both to the change in dielectric screening and the change in the Born effective charges. This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under grant no. FA9550-12-1-0441.

  20. Ion Nitriding of Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al Alloy for Aerospace Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Jin

    In this study, a low-temperature ion nitriding treatment has been developed with the aim of improving the sliding behaviour of Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al, without adverse effects on its strength and ductility. The optimized nitriding treatment was carried out at a temperature of 600°C for 8 hours in a pressure dilute nitriding atmosphere of 67 Pa and 2.9 vol.% N2. The microstructural analysis indicated that the ion nitriding treatment led to the formation of a 0.5 mum thick compound layer. The microhardness measurements revealed the formation of an approximately 35 mum thick nitrogen diffusion zone beneath the compound layer. The tensile test results showed improvements in the tensile and yield strengths of the alloy with a minor decrease in the elongation. The load bearing capacity and friction properties of the nitrided surfaces under sliding were investigated by microscratch tests. It was found that the coefficient of friction values were reduced and the surfaces exhibited an excellent load bearing capacity.

  1. Electroweak $ZZjj$ production in the Standard Model and beyond in the POWHEG-BOX V2

    CERN Document Server

    Jager, Barbara; Zanderighi, Giulia

    2013-01-01

    We present an implementation of electroweak $ZZjj$ production in the POWHEG BOX V2 framework, an upgrade of the POWHEG BOX program which includes a number of new features that are particularly helpful for high-multiplicity processes. We consider leptonic and semi-leptonic decay modes of the Z bosons, and take non-resonant contributions and spin correlations of the final-state particles into account. In the case of decays to leptons, we also include interactions beyond the Standard Model that arise from an effective Lagrangian which includes CP conserving and violating operators up to dimension six. We find that while leptonic distributions are very sensitive to anomalous couplings, because of the small cross-section involved, these analyses are feasible only after a high-luminosity upgrade of the LHC. We consider the cases of a 14 TeV, 33 TeV and 100 TeV machine and discuss the limits that can be placed on those couplings for different luminosities.

  2. Electroweak ZZjj production in the Standard Model and beyond in the POWHEG-BOX V2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jäger, Barbara; Karlberg, Alexander; Zanderighi, Giulia

    2014-03-01

    We present an implementation of electroweak ZZjj production in the POWHEG BOX V2 framework, an upgrade of the POWHEG BOX program which includes a number of new features that are particularly helpful for high-multiplicity processes. We consider leptonic and semi-leptonic decay modes of the Z bosons, and take non-resonant contributions and spin correlations of the final-state particles into account. In the case of decays to leptons, we also include interactions beyond the Standard Model that arise from an effective Lagrangian which includes CP conserving and violating operators up to dimension six. We find that while leptonic distributions are very sensitive to anomalous couplings, because of the small cross-section involved, these analyses are feasible only after a high-luminosity upgrade of the LHC. We consider the cases of a 14 TeV, 33 TeV and 100 TeV machine and discuss the limits that can be placed on those couplings for different luminosities.

  3. The compact Earth system model OSCAR v2.2: description and first results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Thomas; Ciais, Philippe; Boucher, Olivier; Quilcaille, Yann; Tortora, Maxime; Bopp, Laurent; Hauglustaine, Didier

    2017-01-01

    This paper provides a comprehensive description of OSCAR v2.2, a simple Earth system model. The general philosophy of development is first explained, followed by a complete description of the model's drivers and various modules. All components of the Earth system necessary to simulate future climate change are represented in the model: the oceanic and terrestrial carbon cycles - including a book-keeping module to endogenously estimate land-use change emissions - so as to simulate the change in atmospheric carbon dioxide; the tropospheric chemistry and the natural wetlands, to simulate that of methane; the stratospheric chemistry, for nitrous oxide; 37 halogenated compounds; changing tropospheric and stratospheric ozone; the direct and indirect effects of aerosols; changes in surface albedo caused by black carbon deposition on snow and land-cover change; and the global and regional response of climate - in terms of temperature and precipitation - to all these climate forcers. Following the probabilistic framework of the model, an ensemble of simulations is made over the historical period (1750-2010). We show that the model performs well in reproducing observed past changes in the Earth system such as increased atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases or increased global mean surface temperature.

  4. An empirical study of DSRC V2V performance in truck platooning scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Gao

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Among many safety applications enabled by Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC, truck platooning provides many incentives to commercial companies. This paper studies DSRC Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V performance in truck platooning scenarios through real-world experiments. Commercial DSRC equipments and semi-trailer trucks are used in this study. We mount one DSRC antenna on each side of the truck. One set of dynamic tests and a few sets of static tests are conducted to explore DSRC behaviors under different situations. From the test results, we verified some of our speculations. For example, hilly roads can affect delivery ratio and antennas mounted on opposite sides of a truck can suffer from low delivery ratio at curved roads. In addition, we also found that antennas can sometimes suffer from low delivery ratio even when the trucks are on straight roads, possibly due to reflections from the nearby terrain. Fortunately, the delivery ratio can be greatly improved by using the two side antennas alternately.

  5. High-Resolution Imaging of Patients with Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy with CYP4V2 Mutation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyoko Gocho

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the retinal morphology of eyes with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD associated with a CYP4V2 mutation using high-resolution imaging techniques. Three subjects with BCD underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations. High-resolution fundus images were obtained with an adaptive optics (AO fundus camera. A common homozygous mutation was detected in the three patients. Funduscopic examination of the three patients revealed the presence of crystalline deposits in the retina, and all of the crystalline deposits were also detected in the infrared (IR images. The crystals observed in the IR images were seen as bright reflective plaques located on the RPE layer in the SD-OCT images. The clusters of hyperreflective signals in the AO images corresponded to the crystals in the IR images. High-magnification AO images revealed that the clusters of hyperreflective signals consisted of circular spots that are similar to the signals of cone photoreceptors. Most of these circular spots were detected in healthy areas in the FAF images. There is a possibility that circular spots observed by AO are residual cone photoreceptors located over the crystals.

  6. High-Resolution Imaging of Patients with Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy with CYP4V2 Mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gocho, Kiyoko; Kameya, Shuhei; Akeo, Keiichiro; Kikuchi, Sachiko; Usui, Ayumi; Yamaki, Kunihiko; Hayashi, Takaaki; Tsuneoka, Hiroshi; Mizota, Atsushi; Takahashi, Hiroshi

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the retinal morphology of eyes with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) associated with a CYP4V2 mutation using high-resolution imaging techniques. Three subjects with BCD underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations. High-resolution fundus images were obtained with an adaptive optics (AO) fundus camera. A common homozygous mutation was detected in the three patients. Funduscopic examination of the three patients revealed the presence of crystalline deposits in the retina, and all of the crystalline deposits were also detected in the infrared (IR) images. The crystals observed in the IR images were seen as bright reflective plaques located on the RPE layer in the SD-OCT images. The clusters of hyperreflective signals in the AO images corresponded to the crystals in the IR images. High-magnification AO images revealed that the clusters of hyperreflective signals consisted of circular spots that are similar to the signals of cone photoreceptors. Most of these circular spots were detected in healthy areas in the FAF images. There is a possibility that circular spots observed by AO are residual cone photoreceptors located over the crystals.

  7. THE EFFECT OF V2O5 MELT INFILTRATION ON THE FAILURE OF THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABBA ABDULHAMID ABUBAKAR

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of low quality fuel in land based driven turbine in Saudi Arabia usually results in hot corrosion attack (Type 1 due to the penetration of V2O5 into the existing micro pores and cracks on the top coat of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs. As a result of dissolution-precipitation reaction, 4-5% volumetric expansion of the coating occurs due to the tetragonal-to-monoclinic (destabilization transformation of Zirconia. In the current work, a Phase Field Model that estimates the kinetics of micro-structural evolution during the diffusional tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation in the Melt Infiltrated Reaction Zone of the top coat at 900ºC is developed. The model is sequentiallycoupled with constitutive model in order to determine the resulting stress field developed in the top coat. The results show that localized stresses are developed due to the Zirconia-destabilization transformation, and the stresses are found to be higher at the corners and curvatures formed by inter-lamella connection of the micro-pores and micro-cracks.

  8. Flexible textile electrode with high areal capacity from hierarchical V2O5 nanosheet arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Kun; Liu, Xue; Cheng, Qilin; Saha, Petr; Jiang, Hao; Li, Chunzhong

    2017-07-01

    The search for an appropriate flexible cathode is pivotal to expediting the development of flexible and foldable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Herein, we demonstrate a simple and scalable synthesis of hierarchical V2O5 nanosheet arrays on polydopamine (PDA)-decorated carbon cloth with strong combination between them, which then directly applied as flexible cathode for LIBs. We found this flexible cathode with a loading mass of 2.1 mg cm-2 can deliver a high specific capacity of 120 mAh g-1 even at 15C (1C = 300 mA g-1) and maintain a long-term cycling stability, i.e. simply 0.30% capacity loss per cycle at 2C for 100 cycles without morphology change. More importantly, the corresponding areal capacity can reach as high as 560 μAh cm-2 at 210 μA cm-2, favorably comparing with the-state-of-art flexible cathode reported to date. Additionally, a flexible LIBs full cell has been assembled, exhibiting high mechanical strength and superior electrochemical performances.

  9. Experimental intra-arterial administration of SR-2508 in the rabbit V2 carcinoma model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coldwell, D.M.; Huff, J.; Marcellus, H.; Coldwell, S.G.

    1989-03-01

    The use of the nitroimidazole radiation sensitizers, misonidazole and SR-2508, has been limited by a variety of side-effects, principally peripheral neuropathies. To increase the effectiveness of radiosensitization and reduce the administered dose of the sensitizers, intra-arterial delivery of SR-2508 was performed and followed with 10Gy of 4 MeV photon beam radiotherapy in the rabbit V2 carcinoma tumour model. Comparison was made with rabbits treated with an identical dose of SR-2508 given intravenously prior to photon beam radiotherapy. Control animals were treated with radiation therapy only, intra-arterial SR-2508 only, or had no treatment. Neither radiation therapy alone nor SR-2508 alone had any effect on tumour growth. In the intra-arterial group, tumour growth was slower and size was significantly smaller than all other groups. Results suggest that the intra-arterial infusion of radiation sensitizer produces greater tumour response than intravenous infusion when each is combined with radiation therapy.

  10. Respiratory motion tracking using Microsoft’s Kinect v2 camera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernst Floris

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In image-guided radiotherapy, monitoring and compensating for respiratory motion is of high importance. We have analysed the possibility to use Microsoft’s Kinect v2 sensor as a low-cost tracking camera. In our experiment, eleven circular markers were printed onto a Lycra shirt and were tracked in the camera’s color image using cross correlation-based template matching. The 3D position of the marker was determined using this information and the mean distance of all template pixels from the sensor. In an experiment with four volunteers (male and female we could demonstrate that real time position tracking is possible in 3D. By averaging over the depth values inside the template, it was possible to increase the Kinect’s depth resolution from 1 mm to 0.1 mm. The noise level was reduced to a standard deviation of 0.4 mm. Temperature sensitivity of the measured depth values was observed for about 10-15 minutes after system start.

  11. Reactor Neutrino Spectra

    OpenAIRE

    Hayes, A. C.; Vogel, Petr

    2016-01-01

    We present a review of the antineutrino spectra emitted from reactors. Knowledge of these spectra and their associated uncertainties is crucial for neutrino oscillation studies. The spectra used to date have been determined either by converting measured electron spectra to antineutrino spectra or by summing over all of the thousands of transitions that make up the spectra, using modern databases as input. The uncertainties in the subdominant corrections to β-decay plague both methods, and we ...

  12. REACTOR MODERATOR STRUCTURE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenstreet, B.L.

    1963-12-31

    A system for maintaining the alignment of moderator block structures in reactors is presented. Integral restraining grids are placed between each layer of blocks in the moderator structure, at the top of the uppermost layer, and at the bottom of the lowermost layer. Slots are provided in the top and bottom surfaces of the moderator blocks so as to provide a keying action with the grids. The grids are maintained in alignment by vertical guiding members disposed about their peripheries. (AEC)

  13. A V2O3-ordered mesoporous carbon composite with novel peroxidase-like activity towards the glucose colorimetric assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Lei; Zeng, Lingxing; Wei, Mingdeng; Li, Chang Ming; Liu, Aihua

    2015-07-01

    It is of great scientific and practical significance to explore inorganic mimetic enzymes to replace natural enzymes due to their instability and high cost. Herein we present an interesting discovery that a V2O3-ordered mesoporous carbon composite (V2O3-OMC) has a novel peroxidase-like activity towards fast redox reaction of typical peroxidase substrates H2O2 and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS). Due to the small size effect and large surface area of V2O3 nanoparticles supported by OMC, V2O3-OMC exhibited excellent catalytic performance with a kcat of 1.28 × 104 s-1, KM (ABTS) of 0.067 mM and KM (H2O2) of 0.16 mM, and a significantly higher catalytic efficiency (kcat/KM) towards the oxidation of ABTS in comparison with the natural peroxidases. Furthermore, the Ping-pong BiBi mechanism was proposed to explain the catalytic reaction by V2O3-OMC. Based on this highly active biomimetic peroxidase and the colorimetric detection of H2O2, a facile analytical method was developed to detect glucose by using V2O3-OMC and glucose oxidase, which had a wide linear range (0.01-4 mM glucose), good selectivity and reliability for successful detection of various real samples. Thus, the novel V2O3-OMC peroxidase mimetic holds great promise for broad potential applications.It is of great scientific and practical significance to explore inorganic mimetic enzymes to replace natural enzymes due to their instability and high cost. Herein we present an interesting discovery that a V2O3-ordered mesoporous carbon composite (V2O3-OMC) has a novel peroxidase-like activity towards fast redox reaction of typical peroxidase substrates H2O2 and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS). Due to the small size effect and large surface area of V2O3 nanoparticles supported by OMC, V2O3-OMC exhibited excellent catalytic performance with a kcat of 1.28 × 104 s-1, KM (ABTS) of 0.067 mM and KM (H2O2) of 0.16 mM, and a

  14. BOILER-SUPERHEATED REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckman, T.P.

    1961-05-01

    A nuclear power reactor of the type in which a liquid moderator-coolant is transformed by nuclear heating into a vapor that may be used to drive a turbo- generator is described. The core of this reactor comprises a plurality of freely suspended tubular fuel elements, called fuel element trains, within which nonboiling pressurized liquid moderator-coolant is preheated and sprayed through orifices in the walls of the trains against the outer walls thereof to be converted into vapor. Passage of the vapor ovcr other unwetted portions of the outside of the fuel elements causes the steam to be superheated. The moderatorcoolant within the fuel elements remains in the liqUid state, and that between the fuel elements remains substantiaily in the vapor state. A unique liquid neutron-absorber control system is used. Advantages expected from the reactor design include reduced fuel element failure, increased stability of operation, direct response to power demand, and circulation of a minimum amount of liquid moderatorcoolant. (A.G.W.)

  15. The OPAL reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, R.; Irwin, T. [Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Sydney (Australia); Ordonez, J.P. [INVAP SE, Bariloche (Argentina)

    2007-07-01

    The project to provide a replacement for Australia's HIFAR reactor began with governmental approval in September 1997 and reached its latest milestone with the achievement of the first full power operation of the OPAL reactor in November 2006. OPAL is a pool-type reactor with a thermal power of 20 MW and a fuel enrichment maximum of 20 per cent. This has been a successful project for both ANSTO (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation) and the contractor INVAP SE. This project was characterised by extensive interaction with the project's stake-holders during project definition and the use of a performance-based turnkey contract which gave the contractor the maximum opportunity to optimise the design to achieve performance and cost effectiveness. The contactor provided significant in-house resources as well as capacity to manage an international team of suppliers and sub-contractors. A key contributor to the project's successful outcomes has been the development and maintenance of an excellent working relationship between ANSTO and INVAP project teams. Commissioning was undertaken in accordance with the IAEA recommended stages. This paper presents the approaches used to define the project requirements, to choose the supplier and to deliver the project. The main results of hot commissioning are reviewed and the problems encountered examined. Operational experience since hot commissioning is also reviewed.

  16. Single step hydrothermal synthesis of carbon nanodot decorated V2O5 nanobelts as hybrid conducting material for supercapacitor application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, Remya

    2017-09-01

    Carbon nanodot (C-dot) decorated V2O5 (C-dot@V2O5) nanobelts are synthesized by single step, low cost hydrothermal route at low temperature by using V2O5 and glucose as precursors. We have not added any extra organic solvents or surfactants which are commonly used for the preparation of different nanostructures of V2O5. Electron microscopy analyses demonstrate that C-dot is entrapped inside V2O5 nanobelts which in turn enhance the conductivity and ion propagation property of this composite material. The C-dot@V2O5 nanobelts exhibit an excellent three electrode electrochemical performance in 1 M Na2SO4 and which showed a specific capacitance of 270 F g-1 at 1 A g-1, which is 4.5 times higher than the pristine V2O5 electrode. The electrochemical energy storage capacity of this hybrid is investigated towards solid state supercapacitor application also for the first time by employing electrophoretically deposited C-dot as the counter electrode and Li based gel as the electrolyte. The hybrid material delivers an energy density of 60 W h kg-1 and a reasonably high power density of 4.1 kW kg-1 at 5 A g-1 and good cycling stability and capacitance retention of about 87% was observed even after 5000 cycles. Above mentioned results clearly show that C-dot embedded hybrid, nanostructured transition metal oxides has great potential towards fabrication of electrodes for energy storage devices.

  17. Linking retinotopic fMRI mapping and anatomical probability maps of human occipital areas V1 and V2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlschläger, A M; Specht, K; Lie, C; Mohlberg, H; Wohlschläger, A; Bente, K; Pietrzyk, U; Stöcker, T; Zilles, K; Amunts, K; Fink, G R

    2005-05-15

    Using functional MRI, we characterized field sign maps of the occipital cortex and created three-dimensional maps of these areas. By averaging the individual maps into group maps, probability maps of functionally defined V1 or V2 were determined and compared to anatomical probability maps of Brodmann areas BA17 and BA18 derived from cytoarchitectonic analysis (Amunts, K., Malikovic, A., Mohlberg, H., Schormann, T., Zilles, K., 2000. Brodmann's areas 17 and 18 brought into stereotaxic space-where and how variable? NeuroImage 11, 66-84). Comparison of areas BA17/V1 and BA18/V2 revealed good agreement of the anatomical and functional probability maps. Taking into account that our functional stimulation (due to constraints of the visual angle of stimulation achievable in the MR scanner) only identified parts of V1 and V2, for statistical evaluation of the spatial correlation of V1 and BA17, or V2 and BA18, respectively, the a priori measure kappa was calculated testing the hypothesis that a region can only be part of functionally defined V1 or V2 if it is also in anatomically defined BA17 or BA18, respectively. kappa = 1 means the hypothesis is fully true, kappa = 0 means functionally and anatomically defined visual areas are independent. When applying this measure to the probability maps, kappa was equal to 0.84 for both V1/BA17 and V2/BA18. The data thus show a good correspondence of functionally and anatomically derived segregations of early visual processing areas and serve as a basis for employing anatomical probability maps of V1 and V2 in group analyses to characterize functional activations of early visual processing areas.

  18. Identification of CYP4V2 mutation in 21 families and overview of mutation spectrum in Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xueshan; Mai, Guiying; Li, Shiqiang; Guo, Xiangming; Zhang, Qingjiong

    2011-06-03

    Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy (BCD, MIM 210370) is a common form of hereditary retinal degeneration in the Chinese population. BCD is caused by CYP4V2 mutations. Understanding the CYP4V2 mutational spectrum and associated phenotypes is of value for clinical practice. In this study, nine CYP4V2 mutations, including four novel ones (c.215-2A>G, c.761A>G, c.958C>T, and c.1169G>A), were detected in all 21 families with BCD. All patients with CYP4V2 mutations had phenotypes typical for BCD. As of now, 34 CYP4V2 mutations have been identified in 104 of 109 families (95.4%), affecting 204 of the 218 alleles (93.6%). Of the 34 mutations, c.802-8_810del17insGC, c.992A>C, and c.1091-2A>G are the most common mutations, accounting for 62.7%, 7.4%, and 6.4% of the 204 mutant alleles, respectively. The remaining 31 mutations were only detected in 1-6 alleles. Mutations in exons 7, 8, and 9 account for 83.3% of mutant alleles (64.7%, 9.3%, and 10.3%, respectively). Our results expand the mutation spectrum of CYP4V2 and demonstrate an overview of the CYP4V2 mutation spectrum and its frequency in families with BCD. BCD is a clinically and genetically homogenous disease.

  19. Nuclear research reactors in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cota, Anna Paula Leite; Mesquita, Amir Zacarias, E-mail: aplc@cdtn.b, E-mail: amir@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The rising concerns about global warming and energy security have spurred a revival of interest in nuclear energy, giving birth to a 'nuclear power renaissance' in several countries in the world. Particularly in Brazil, in the recent years, the nuclear power renaissance can be seen in the actions that comprise its nuclear program, summarily the increase of the investments in nuclear research institutes and the government target to design and build the Brazilian Multipurpose research Reactor (BMR). In the last 50 years, Brazilian research reactors have been used for training, for producing radioisotopes to meet demands in industry and nuclear medicine, for miscellaneous irradiation services and for academic research. Moreover, the research reactors are used as laboratories to develop technologies in power reactors, which are evaluated today at around 450 worldwide. In this application, those reactors become more viable in relation to power reactors by the lowest cost, by the operation at low temperatures and, furthermore, by lower demand for nuclear fuel. In Brazil, four research reactors were installed: the IEA-R1 and the MB-01 reactors, both at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas Nucleares (IPEN, Sao Paulo); the Argonauta, at the Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN, Rio de Janeiro) and the IPR-R1 TRIGA reactor, at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN, Belo Horizonte). The present paper intends to enumerate the characteristics of these reactors, their utilization and current academic research. Therefore, through this paper, we intend to collaborate on the BMR project. (author)

  20. Nuclear research reactors in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cota, Anna Paula Leite; Mesquita, Amir Zacarias, E-mail: aplc@cdtn.b, E-mail: amir@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The rising concerns about global warming and energy security have spurred a revival of interest in nuclear energy, giving birth to a 'nuclear power renaissance' in several countries in the world. Particularly in Brazil, in the recent years, the nuclear power renaissance can be seen in the actions that comprise its nuclear program, summarily the increase of the investments in nuclear research institutes and the government target to design and build the Brazilian Multipurpose research Reactor (BMR). In the last 50 years, Brazilian research reactors have been used for training, for producing radioisotopes to meet demands in industry and nuclear medicine, for miscellaneous irradiation services and for academic research. Moreover, the research reactors are used as laboratories to develop technologies in power reactors, which are evaluated today at around 450 worldwide. In this application, those reactors become more viable in relation to power reactors by the lowest cost, by the operation at low temperatures and, furthermore, by lower demand for nuclear fuel. In Brazil, four research reactors were installed: the IEA-R1 and the MB-01 reactors, both at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas Nucleares (IPEN, Sao Paulo); the Argonauta, at the Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN, Rio de Janeiro) and the IPR-R1 TRIGA reactor, at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN, Belo Horizonte). The present paper intends to enumerate the characteristics of these reactors, their utilization and current academic research. Therefore, through this paper, we intend to collaborate on the BMR project. (author)

  1. BEVs/PHEVs动态V2B技术在智能电网中的应用%BEVs/PHEVs dynamically V2B technique used in the smart grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓云; 聂祺昕; 吴限

    2013-01-01

    电动汽车向楼字反向服务(vehicle-to-building,简称V2B)为使用电动汽车自身电池的储能供应电网负荷提供了一个选择.国内外很多研究人员已经证明,电动汽车向电网反向服务(Vehicl-to-grid,简称V2G)有很多潜在的好处.但由于各种实践原因,这一概念被预测在将来5~10年的时间广泛应用.而V2B作为一个新提出的概念,在实践上比V2G要更容易实现,预计3~5年的时间就可实现.提出利用纯电动汽车(BEVs)和可插电混合动力汽车(PHEVs)所携带的电池,作为动态配置的分散储能系统,将交通系统和电力系统通过“智能车库”有机地结合起来,以实现V2B技术.根据智能车库提供的数据,基于BEVs和PHEVs车载电池储能充放电的V2B技术可实现智能电网里的需求侧管理(DSM),并用仿真结果验证了V2B的可行性.%Vehicle-to-building (V2B) provides an option to use the battery energy in electric vehicles to support loads in the power grid. Many researches have proved that vehicle-to-grid (V2G) has many potential benefits. But for various practical reasons, the wide application of this concept is envisioned in 5-10 years. As a new concept, V2B is more practically viable than V2G and may be implemented in 3-5 years. The potential benefits of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as dynamically configurable dispersed energy storage was demonstrated, acting at the convergence of transportation and power system. A new parking facility as an energy exchange station called "smart garage" was discussed in this paper. Based on the availability analysis of smart garages, the benefits of using BEVs/PHEVs as energy storage for demand side management (DSM) was discussed in detail. A strategy to adopting BEVs/PHEV used in the V2B mode under the peak load and outage condition was studied and demonstrated with test cases.

  2. Thermionic Reactor Design Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schock, Alfred

    1994-06-01

    During the 1960's and early 70's the author performed extensive design studies, analyses, and tests aimed at thermionic reactor concepts that differed significantly from those pursued by other investigators. Those studies, like most others under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC and DOE) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) sponsorship, were terminated in the early 1970's. Some of this work was previously published, but much of it was never made available in the open literature. U.S. interest in thermionic reactors resumed in the early 80's, and was greatly intensified by reports about Soviet ground and flight tests in the late 80's. This recent interest resulted in renewed U.S. thermionic reactor development programs, primarily under Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Energy (DOE) sponsorship. Since most current investigators have not had an opportunity to study all of the author's previous work, a review of the highlights of that work may be of value to them. The present paper describes some of the author's conceptual designs and their rationale, and the special analytical techniques developed to analyze their performance. The basic designs, first published in 1963, are based on single-cell converters, either double-ended diodes extending over the full height of the reactor core or single-ended diodes extending over half the core height. In that respect they are similar to the thermionic fuel elements employed in the Topaz-2 reactor subsequently developed in the Soviet Union, copies of which were recently imported by the U.S. As in the Topaz-2 case, electrically heated steady-state performance tests of the converters are possible before fueling. Where the author's concepts differed from the later Topaz-2 design was in the relative location of the emitter and the collector. Placing the fueled emitter on the outside of the cylindrical diodes permits much higher axial conductances to reduce ohmic

  3. Influences of Bi2O3/V2O5 Additives on the Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Lithium Ferrite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Hua; ZHANG Huai-Wu; TANG Xiao-Li; JING Yu-Lan; ZHONG Zhi-Yong

    2009-01-01

    Lithium ferrite materials with different concentrations of Bi2O3 and V2O5 additives are prepared by the conventionai ceramic technique. The x-ray diffraction analysis proves that the additives do not affect the final crystal phase of the lithium ferrite in our testing range. Both Bi203 and V2O5 additives could promote densification and lower sintering temperature of the lithium ferrite. The average grain size first increases, and then graduaily decreases with the Bi2O3 content. The maximal grain size appears with 0.25 wt% Bi2O3. The average grain size first increases, and then is kept almost unchanged with the V2O5 content. The maximal average grain size of the samples with V2O5 additive is much smailer than that of the samples with Bi2O3 additive, Furthermore,the V2O5 additive more easily enters the crystal lattice of the lithium ferrite than the Bi2O3 additive. These characteristics evidently affect the magnetic properties, such as saturation flux density, ratio of remanence Br to saturation flux density Bs, and coercive force of the lithium ferrite. The mechanisms involved are discussed.

  4. Stability Criteria of Fullerene-like Nanoparticles: Comparing V2O5 to Layered Metal Dichalcogenides and Dihalides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yehiam Prior

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Numerous examples of closed-cage nanostructures, such as nested fullerene-like nanoparticles and nanotubes, formed by the folding of materials with layered structure are known. These compounds include WS2, NiCl2, CdCl2, Cs2O, and recently V2O5. Layered materials, whose chemical bonds are highly ionic in character, possess relatively stiff layers, which cannot be evenly folded. Thus, stress-relief generally results in faceted nanostructures seamed by edge-defects. V2O5, is a metal oxide compound with a layered structure. The study of the seams in nearly perfect inorganic "fullerene-like" hollow V2O5 nanoparticles (NIF-V2O5 synthesized by pulsed laser ablation (PLA, is discussed in the present work. The relation between the formation mechanism and the seams between facets is examined. The formation mechanism of the NIF-V2O5 is discussed in comparison to fullerene-like structures of other layered materials, like IF structures of MoS2, CdCl2, and Cs2O. The criteria for the perfect seaming of such hollow closed structures are highlighted.

  5. Facile preparation, optical and electrochemical properties of layer-by-layer V2O5 quadrate structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yifu; Zheng, Jiqi; Wang, Qiushi; Hu, Tao; Tian, Fuping; Meng, Changgong

    2017-03-01

    Layer-by-layer V2O5 structures self-assembly by quadrate sheets like "multilayer cake" were successfully synthesized using NH4VO3 as the vanadium sources by a facile hydrothermal route and combination of the calcination. The structure and composition were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer, X-ray powder diffraction, Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The optical properties of the as-obtained V2O5 layer-by-layer structures were investigated by the Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectrum. The electrochemical properties of the as-obtained V2O5 layer-by-layer structures as electrodes in supercapacitor device were measured by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) both in the aqueous and organic electrolyte. The specific capacitance is 347 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 in organic electrolyte, which is improved by 46% compared with 238 F g-1 in aqueous electrolyte. During the cycle performance, the specific capacitances of V2O5 layer-by-layer structures after 100 cycles are 30% and 82% of the initial discharge capacity in the aqueous and organic electrolyte, respectively, indicating the cycle performance is significantly improved in organic electrolyte. Our results turn out that layer-by-layer V2O5 structures are an ideal material for supercapacitor electrode in the present work.

  6. Graphene Oxide Templated Growth and Superior Lithium Storage Performance of Novel Hierarchical Co2V2O7 Nanosheets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yanzhu; Xu, Xu; Zhang, Yuxiang; Chen, Chih-Yen; Zhou, Liang; Yan, Mengyu; Wei, Qiulong; Tian, Xiaocong; Mai, Liqiang

    2016-02-01

    Hierarchical Co2V2O7 nanosheets consisted of interconnected nanoparticles are synthesized by a facile method using graphene oxide as the template. The electrochemical reaction mechanism of the Co2V2O7 nanosheets is thoroughly investigated by in situ XRD and ex situ TEM. The initial Co2V2O7 transforms into CoO nanoparticles and vanadium oxides in the first cycle, and the following reversible conversion reaction mainly occurs between CoO and Co and lithiation/delithiation of the vanadium oxides. The Co2V2O7 nanosheet displays a high reversible capacity (962 mAh/g at 0.5 A/g) and remarkable high rate capability. When cycled at 5.0 A/g, a reversible capacity of 441 mAh/g can be retained after 900 cycles. The stable high capacity and excellent rate capability make the hierarchical Co2V2O7 nanosheets a promising anode material for lithium-ion batteries.

  7. Structures and magnetic anisotropy of β-Mn_2V_2O_7 crystals synthesized by the molten salt method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Chuan-Cang; Liu Fa-Min; Ding Peng

    2009-01-01

    β-Mn_2V_2O_7 crystals with strip shape are successfully prepared by the molten salt method in a closed crucible, and are characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area of electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The results indicate that the sample is of the β-Mn_2V_2O_7 crystal with monoclinic symmetry, level natural cleavage facets and directional growth. Magnetic properties are measured by vibration sample magnetometry (VSM) at room temperature, and the magnetic hysteresis loop indicates that the β-Mn_2V_2O_7 has anti-ferromagnetic properties with low coercive force and remnant magnetization. The magnetic measurement results in different directions exhibit that the β-Mn_2V_2O_7 has magnetic anisotropy, which is due to the fact that the magnetic interaction energy of the β-Mn_2V_2O_7 is lowest only when the electron configuration is in a certain direction.

  8. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of RFe10V2Zy (R = Y, Nd and Z = H, N

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Tajabor

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available   YFe10V2 and NdFe10V2 interstitially modified compositions with hydrogen and nitrogen atoms were prepared by solid – gas reaction and their structural and magnetic properties were studied. The XRD patterns indicate that the samples are single phase and better than 95% and their purity improves after hydrogenation. The crystallites were broken by nitrogenation which is due to the penetration of N atoms within Fe sites. In addition, easy magnetization direction corresponds to the tetragonal c-axis at room temperature. Thermomagnetic measurements illustrate that the 2-17 impurity phase is formed by annealing samples above 1000 ºC. Results of the dc-susceptibility measurements of NdFe10V2 sample exhibit a spin reorientation transition at TSR = 117 K. By analysis of the magnetization curves, first and second order anisotropy constants were deduced which gradually decreased by increasing temperature in the case of YFe10V2. But in the case of NdFe10V2, they tend to a maximum about 200 K and then follow natural thermal decrease.

  9. New reactors for laboratory studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berty, J.M.

    1978-02-01

    Recent developments in design of laboratory and bench-scale reactors reflect mostly the developments in reaction engineering; that is the improved understanding of physical and chemical rate limiting processes, their interactions, and their effects on commercial-scale reactor performance. Whether a laboratory reactor is used to study the fundamentals of a commercial process or for pure scientific interest, it is important to know what physical or chemical process is limiting or influencing the rate and selectivity. To clarify this, a definition is required of the regime where physical influences exist, and study the intrinsic kinetics at conditions where physical processes do not affect the rate. Reactors are illustrated whose design was influenced by the above considerations. These reactors produce results which are independent of the reactors in which they were measured, and which can be scaled up with up-to-date reaction engineering techniques.

  10. PRACTISE – Photo Rectification And ClassificaTIon SoftwarE (V.2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Härer

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Terrestrial photography combined with the recently presented Photo Rectification And ClassificaTIon SoftwarE (PRACTISE V.1.0 has proven to be a valuable source to derive snow cover maps in a high temporal and spatial resolution. The areal coverage of the used digital photographs is however strongly limited. Satellite images on the other hand can cover larger areas but do show uncertainties with respect to the accurate detection of the snow covered area. This is especially the fact if user defined thresholds are needed e.g. in case of the frequently used Normalised-Difference Snow Index (NDSI. The definition of this value is often not adequately defined by either a general value from literature or over the impression of the user but not by reproducible independent information. PRACTISE V.2.0 addresses this important aspect and does show additional improvements. The Matlab based software is now able to automatically process and detect snow cover in satellite images. A simultaneously captured camera-derived snow cover map is in this case utilised as in-situ information for calibrating the NDSI threshold value. Moreover, an additional automatic snow cover classification, specifically developed to classify shadow-affected photographs was included. The improved software was tested for photographs and Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+ as well as Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI scenes in the Zugspitze massif (Germany. The results have shown that using terrestrial photography in combination with satellite imagery can lead to an objective, reproducible and user-independent derivation of the NDSI threshold and the resulting snow cover map. The presented method is not limited to the sensor system or the threshold used in here but offers manifold application options for other scientific branches.

  11. Domain III regulates N-type (CaV2.2) calcium channel closing kinetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarotskyy, Viktor; Gao, Guofeng; Peterson, Blaise Z.

    2012-01-01

    CaV2.2 (N-type) and CaV1.2 (L-type) calcium channels gate differently in response to membrane depolarization, which is critical to the unique physiological functions mediated by these channels. We wondered if the source for these differences could be identified. As a first step, we examined the effect of domain exchange between N-type and L-type channels on activation-deactivation kinetics, which were significantly different between these channels. Kinetic analysis of chimeric channels revealed N-channel-like deactivation for all chimeric channels containing N-channel domain III, while activation appeared to be a more distributed function across domains. This led us to hypothesize that domain III was an important regulator of N-channel closing. This idea was further examined with R-roscovitine, which is a trisubstituted purine that slows N-channel deactivation by exclusively binding to activated N-channels. L-channels lack this response to roscovitine, which allowed us to use N-L chimeras to test the role of domain III in roscovitine modulation of N-channel deactivation. In support of our hypothesis, all chimeric channels containing the N-channel domain III responded to roscovitine with slowed deactivation, while those chimeric channels with L-channel domain III did not. Thus a combination of kinetic and pharmacological evidence supports the hypothesis that domain III is an important regulator of N-channel closing. Our results support specialization of gating functions among calcium channel domains. PMID:22205645

  12. Gait parameters extraction by using mobile robot equipped with Kinect v2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Ami; Mita, Akira; Yorozu, Ayanori; Takahashi, Masaki

    2016-04-01

    The needs for monitoring systems to be used in houses are getting stronger because of the increase of the single household population due to the low birth rate and longevity. Among others, gait parameters are under the spotlight to be examined as the relations with several diseases have been reported. It is known that the gait parameters obtained at a walk test are different from those obtained under the daily life. Thus, the system which can measure the gait parameters in the real living environment is needed. Generally, gait abilities are evaluated by a measurement test, such as Timed Up and Go test and 6-minute walking test. However, these methods need measurers, so the accuracy depends on them and the lack of objectivity is pointed out. Although, a precise motion capture system is used for more objective measurement, it is hard to be used in daily measurement, because the subjects have to put the markers on their body. To solve this problem, marker less sensors, such as Kinect, are developed and used for gait information acquisition. When they are attached to a mobile robot, there is no limitation of distance. However, they still have challenges of calibration for gait parameters, and the important gait parameters to be acquired are not well examined. Therefore, in this study, we extract the important parameters for gait analysis, which have correlations with diseases and age differences, and suggest the gait parameters extraction from depth data by Kinect v2 which is mounted on a mobile robot aiming at applying to the living environment.

  13. The efficient global primitive equation climate model SPEEDO V2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Severijns

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The efficient primitive-equation coupled atmosphere-ocean model SPEEDO V2.0 is presented. The model includes an interactive sea-ice and land component. SPEEDO is a global earth system model of intermediate complexity. It has a horizontal resolution of T30 (triangular truncation at wave number 30 and 8 vertical layers in the atmosphere, and a horizontal resolution of 2 degrees and 20 levels in the ocean. The parameterisations in SPEEDO are developed in such a way that it is a fast model suitable for large ensembles or long runs (of O(104 years on a typical current workstation. The model has no flux correction. We compare the mean state and inter-annual variability of the model with observational fields of the atmosphere and ocean. In particular the atmospheric circulation, the mid-latitude patterns of variability and teleconnections from the tropics are well simulated. To show the capabilities of the model, we performed a long control run and an ensemble experiment with enhanced greenhouse gases. The long control run shows that the model is stable. CO2 doubling and future climate change scenario experiments show a climate sensitivity of 1.84 K W-1 m2, which is within the range of state-of-the-art climate models. The spatial response patterns are comparable to state-of-the-art, higher resolution models. However, for very high greenhouse gas concentrations the parameterisations are not valid. We conclude that the model is suitable for past, current and future climate simulations and for exploring wide parameter ranges and mechanisms of variability. However, as with any model, users should be careful when using the model beyond the range of physical realism of the parameterisations and model setup.

  14. An evaluation of 3D head pose estimation using the Microsoft Kinect v2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darby, John; Sánchez, María B; Butler, Penelope B; Loram, Ian D

    2016-07-01

    The Kinect v2 sensor supports real-time non-invasive 3D head pose estimation. Because the sensor is small, widely available and relatively cheap it has great potential as a tool for groups interested in measuring head posture. In this paper we compare the Kinect's head pose estimates with a marker-based record of ground truth in order to establish its accuracy. During movement of the head and neck alone (with static torso), we find average errors in absolute yaw, pitch and roll angles of 2.0±1.2°, 7.3±3.2° and 2.6±0.7°, and in rotations relative to the rest pose of 1.4±0.5°, 2.1±0.4° and 2.0±0.8°. Larger head rotations where it becomes difficult to see facial features can cause estimation to fail (10.2±6.1% of all poses in our static torso range of motion tests) but we found no significant changes in performance with the participant standing further away from Kinect - additionally enabling full-body pose estimation - or without performing face shape calibration, something which is not always possible for younger or disabled participants. Where facial features remain visible, the sensor has applications in the non-invasive assessment of postural control, e.g. during a programme of physical therapy. In particular, a multi-Kinect setup covering the full range of head (and body) movement would appear to be a promising way forward.

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Hubble Source Catalog (V1 and V2) (Whitmore+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, B. C.; Allam, S. S.; Budavari, T.; Casertano, S.; Downes, R. A.; Donaldson, T.; Fall, S. M.; Lubow, S. H.; Quick, L.; Strolger, L.-G.; Wallace, G.; White, R. L.

    2016-10-01

    The HSC v1 contains members of the WFPC2, ACS/WFC, WFC3/UVIS and WFC3/IR Source Extractor source lists from HLA version DR8 (data release 8). The crossmatching process involves adjusting the relative astrometry of overlapping images so as to minimize positional offsets between closely aligned sources in different images. After correction, the astrometric residuals of crossmatched sources are significantly reduced, to typically less than 10mas. The relative astrometry is supported by using Pan-STARRS, SDSS, and 2MASS as the astrometric backbone for initial corrections. In addition, the catalog includes source nondetections. The crossmatching algorithms and the properties of the initial (Beta 0.1) catalog are described in Budavari & Lubow (2012ApJ...761..188B). The HSC v2 contains members of the WFPC2, ACS/WFC, WFC3/UVIS and WFC3/IR Source Extractor source lists from HLA version DR9.1 (data release 9.1). The crossmatching process involves adjusting the relative astrometry of overlapping images so as to minimize positional offsets between closely aligned sources in different images. After correction, the astrometric residuals of crossmatched sources are significantly reduced, to typically less than 10mas. The relative astrometry is supported by using Pan-STARRS, SDSS, and 2MASS as the astrometric backbone for initial corrections. In addition, the catalog includes source nondetections. The crossmatching algorithms and the properties of the initial (Beta 0.1) catalog are described in Budavari & Lubow (2012ApJ...761..188B). Hubble Source Catalog Acknowledgement: Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, and obtained from the Hubble Legacy Archive, which is a collaboration between the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI/NASA), the Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF/ESAC/ESA) and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC/NRC/CSA). (2 data files).

  16. Spiral-shaped disinfection reactors

    KAUST Repository

    Ghaffour, Noreddine

    2015-08-20

    This disclosure includes disinfection reactors and processes for the disinfection of water. Some disinfection reactors include a body that defines an inlet, an outlet, and a spiral flow path between the inlet and the outlet, in which the body is configured to receive water and a disinfectant at the inlet such that the water is exposed to the disinfectant as the water flows through the spiral flow path. Also disclosed are processes for disinfecting water in such disinfection reactors.

  17. Turning points in reactor design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beckjord, E.S.

    1995-09-01

    This article provides some historical aspects on nuclear reactor design, beginning with PWR development for Naval Propulsion and the first commercial application at Yankee Rowe. Five turning points in reactor design and some safety problems associated with them are reviewed: (1) stability of Dresden-1, (2) ECCS, (3) PRA, (4) TMI-2, and (5) advanced passive LWR designs. While the emphasis is on the thermal-hydraulic aspects, the discussion is also about reactor systems.

  18. Acceptability of reactors in space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buden, D.

    1981-04-01

    Reactors are the key to our future expansion into space. However, there has been some confusion in the public as to whether they are a safe and acceptable technology for use in space. The answer to these questions is explored. The US position is that when reactors are the preferred technical choice, that they can be used safely. In fact, it dies not appear that reactors add measurably to the risk associated with the Space Transportation System.

  19. Hydrogen Production in Fusion Reactors

    OpenAIRE

    Sudo, S.; Tomita, Y.; Yamaguchi, S.; Iiyoshi, A.; Momota, H; Motojima, O.; Okamoto, M.; Ohnishi, M.; Onozuka, M; Uenosono, C.

    1993-01-01

    As one of methods of innovative energy production in fusion reactors without having a conventional turbine-type generator, an efficient use of radiation produced in a fusion reactor with utilizing semiconductor and supplying clean fuel in a form of hydrogen gas are studied. Taking the candidates of reactors such as a toroidal system and an open system for application of the new concepts, the expected efficiency and a concept of plant system are investigated.

  20. Fast reactor programme in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Chellapandi; P R Vasudeva Rao; Prabhat Kumar

    2015-09-01

    Role of fast breeder reactor (FBR) in the Indian context has been discussed with appropriate justification. The FBR programme since 1985 till 2030 is highlighted focussing on the current status and future direction of fast breeder test reactor (FBTR), prototype fast breeder reactor (PFBR) and FBR-1 and 2. Design and technological challenges of PFBR and design and safety targets with means to achieve the same are the major highlights of this paper.

  1. Influence of Intercalated Li on Electronic Structures and Optical Properties of V2O5%Li嵌入对V2O5电子结构及光学性质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志阳; 周昌杰; 林伟; 吴启辉; 康俊勇

    2007-01-01

    采用第一性原理局域密度近似法计算了V2O5的电子态密度和能带结构以及Li嵌入后对其电子结构和光学性质的影响.计算结果表明,V2O5是间接带隙半导体,Li的嵌入并没有改变其电子的跃迁方式.但Li的嵌入使得V2O5导带能量下移,禁带宽度减小,导带中原有的劈裂被分裂的能级填满;同时致使价带出现展宽.电子态密度计算结果表明Li的嵌入对临近的O和V的电子结构有较大的影响.Li 2s电子的注入提高了V2O5的费米能级并导致其进入导带.由于价带中的电子只能跃迁到费米能级以上的导带空能级,这致使体系实际的光学带隙增大.同时随着Li注入量的进一步增加,价带的展宽更为明显,费米能级亦呈升高的趋势,使得光学带隙随着Li注入量的增加而增大.%The density of states and band structures of α-V2O5 and Li-intercalated V2O5 (LixV2O5, x= 0.5 and 1.0) have been studied using a first-principles calculation based on density function theory with the local density approximation. The results indicate that V2O5 is an indirect-gap semiconductor; the intercalation of Li will not change its way of electron transition. While, the intercalation of Li lowers the energy of conduction band, and then narrows the band gap. At the same time, due to the intercalation of Li, the split-off in the conduction band of V2O5 disappears because of the split of conduction band. The Fermi level of LixV2O5 increases dramatically due to the electron transfer from Li 2s to the V2O5 host, which is probably the main reason why the optical band-gap augments with the Li intercalation.

  2. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Vogel, Petr; Zhang, Chao

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  3. Structure and enhanced thermochromic performance of low-temperature fabricated VO2/V2O3 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Guangyao; Cao, Xun; Gao, Xiang; Long, Shiwei; Liang, Mengshi; Jin, Ping

    2016-10-01

    For VO2-based smart window manufacture, it is a long-standing demand for high-quality thin films deposited at low temperature. Here, the thermochromic films of VO2 were deposited by a magnetron sputtering method at a fairly low temperature of 250 °C without subsequent annealing by embedding a V2O3 interlayer. V2O3 acts as a seed layer to lower the depositing temperature and buffer layer to epitaxial grow VO2 film. The VO2/V2O3 films display high solar modulating ability and narrow hysteresis loop. Our data can serve as a promising point for industrial production with high degree of crystallinity at a low temperature.

  4. Heterogeneous lollipop-like V2O5/ZnO array: a promising composite nanostructure for visible light photocatalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, C W; Rao, Y F; Alyamani, A; Chu, W; Chen, M J; Patterson, D A; Emanuelsson, E A C; Gao, W

    2010-07-20

    ZnO/V(2)O(5) core-shell nanostructures have been prepared by a two-step synthesis route through combined hydrothermal growth and magnetron sputtering. After annealing under oxygen ambience, a ZnO/V(2)O(5) heterogeneous lollipop-like nanoarray formed. The microstructure and crystal orientation of those nanolollipops were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), which show single crystal structure. The optical properties were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy and showed quite different absorption curves for the as-deposited and annealed samples. The ZnO/V(2)O(5) nanolollipops demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activity in terms of decomposing 2,6-dichlorophenol (2,6-DCP) under visible light, indicating their promising potential as catalysts for industrial wastewater and soil pollution treatments.

  5. Magnetic properties of the Kagomé mixed compounds (CoxNi1-x)3V2O8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, N.; Fuess, H.; Ehrenberg, H.; Hansen, T. C.; Ritter, C.; Prokes, K.; Podlesnyak, A.; Schwabe, D.

    2006-12-01

    The magnetic properties of the mixed compounds (CoxNi1-x)3V2O8 (CNVO) investigated by magnetization and neutron diffraction measurements are presented. Unlike their parent compounds Ni3V2O8 (NVO) and Co3V2O8 (CVO), only one magnetic phase transition into an antiferromagnetic phase was detected for powder samples with x=0.27 , 0.52, and 0.76. The magnetic structures are modulated according to a propagation vector k⃗=(δ,0,0) with δ being dependent on the composition parameter x . Furthermore, magnetization data of a CVO single crystal is featured, which is qualitatively different from previous publications and exhibits a controversial aspect concerning the behavior of the curve under an applied magnetic field along the b axis.

  6. Structural and electrochemical properties of single crystalline MoV 2O8 nanowires for energy storage devices

    KAUST Repository

    Shahid, Muhammad

    2013-05-01

    We report the synthesis of MoV2O8 nanowires of high quality using spin coating followed by the thermal annealing process. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) reveals the average diameter of synthesized nanowire about 100 nm, and average length ranges from 1 to 5 μm. The TEM analysis further confirms the <001> growth direction of MoV 2O8 nanowires. The electrochemical properties of synthesized nanowires using cyclic voltammetry show the specific capacitance 56 Fg-1 at the scan rate of 5 mV s-1 that remains 24 Fg -1 at 100 mV s-1. The electrochemical measurements suggest that the MoV2O8 nanowires can be used as a material for the future electrochemical capacitors (energy storage devices). © 2012 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Apamin Boosting of Synaptic Potentials in CaV2.3 R-Type Ca2+ Channel Null Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kang; Kelley, Melissa H; Wu, Wendy W; Adelman, John P; Maylie, James

    2015-01-01

    SK2- and KV4.2-containing K+ channels modulate evoked synaptic potentials in CA1 pyramidal neurons. Each is coupled to a distinct Ca2+ source that provides Ca2+-dependent feedback regulation to limit AMPA receptor (AMPAR)- and NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-mediated postsynaptic depolarization. SK2-containing channels are activated by Ca2+ entry through NMDARs, whereas KV4.2-containing channel availability is increased by Ca2+ entry through SNX-482 (SNX) sensitive CaV2.3 R-type Ca2+ channels. Recent studies have challenged the functional coupling between NMDARs and SK2-containing channels, suggesting that synaptic SK2-containing channels are instead activated by Ca2+ entry through R-type Ca2+ channels. Furthermore, SNX has been implicated to have off target affects, which would challenge the proposed coupling between R-type Ca2+ channels and KV4.2-containing K+ channels. To reconcile these conflicting results, we evaluated the effect of SK channel blocker apamin and R-type Ca2+ channel blocker SNX on evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in CA1 pyramidal neurons from CaV2.3 null mice. The results show that in the absence of CaV2.3 channels, apamin application still boosted EPSPs. The boosting effect of CaV2.3 channel blockers on EPSPs observed in neurons from wild type mice was not observed in neurons from CaV2.3 null mice. These data are consistent with a model in which SK2-containing channels are functionally coupled to NMDARs and KV4.2-containing channels to CaV2.3 channels to provide negative feedback regulation of EPSPs in the spines of CA1 pyramidal neurons.

  8. High Lithium Capacity MxV 2O 5Ay· nH 2O for Rechargeable Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torardi, C. C.; Miao, C. R.; Lewittes, M. E.; Li, Z.

    2002-01-01

    The aqueous synthesis and electrochemical properties of nanocrystalline MxV2O5Ay·nH2O are described. It is easily and quickly prepared by precipitation from acidified vanadate solutions. MxV2O5Ay·nH2O has been characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, TGA, chemical analyses, and electrochemical studies. The atomic structure is related to that of xerogel-derived V2O5·nH2O. In MxV2O5Ay·nH2O, M is a cation from the starting vanadate salt and A is an anion from the mineral acid. This material exhibits high, reversible Li capacity and may be considered for use in a cathode in primary and secondary batteries. The lithium capacity of an electrode composed of MxV2O5Ay·nH2O/EPDM/carbon (88/4/8) is ∼380(mA h)/g (C/80 rate) and the energy density is ∼1000(W h)/kg (120-μm-thick cathode, 4-1.5 V, versus Li metal anode). Critical parameters identified in the synthesis of MxV2O5Ay·nH2O, with respect to achieving high Li-ion insertion capacity, are acid/vanadium ratio, starting vanadate salt, and temperature. Inclusion of carbon black in the synthesis yields a composite that maintains the high Li capacity, lowers the electrochemical-cell polarization, and preserves the lithium capacity at higher discharge rates. Li-ion coin cells, using pre-lithiated graphite anodes, exhibit electrochemical performance comparable to that of Li-metal coin cells.

  9. Accelerator based fusion reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Keh-Fei; Chao, Alexander Wu

    2017-08-01

    A feasibility study of fusion reactors based on accelerators is carried out. We consider a novel scheme where a beam from the accelerator hits the target plasma on the resonance of the fusion reaction and establish characteristic criteria for a workable reactor. We consider the reactions d+t\\to n+α,d+{{}3}{{H}\\text{e}}\\to p+α , and p+{{}11}B\\to 3α in this study. The critical temperature of the plasma is determined from overcoming the stopping power of the beam with the fusion energy gain. The needed plasma lifetime is determined from the width of the resonance, the beam velocity and the plasma density. We estimate the critical beam flux by balancing the energy of fusion production against the plasma thermo-energy and the loss due to stopping power for the case of an inert plasma. The product of critical flux and plasma lifetime is independent of plasma density and has a weak dependence on temperature. Even though the critical temperatures for these reactions are lower than those for the thermonuclear reactors, the critical flux is in the range of {{10}22}-{{10}24}~\\text{c}{{\\text{m}}-2}~{{\\text{s}}-1} for the plasma density {ρt}={{10}15}~\\text{c}{{\\text{m}}-3} in the case of an inert plasma. Several approaches to control the growth of the two-stream instability are discussed. We have also considered several scenarios for practical implementation which will require further studies. Finally, we consider the case where the injected beam at the resonance energy maintains the plasma temperature and prolongs its lifetime to reach a steady state. The equations for power balance and particle number conservation are given for this case.

  10. Biparticle fluidized bed reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, C.D.

    1993-12-14

    A fluidized bed reactor system which utilizes a fluid phase, a retained fluidized primary particulate phase, and a migratory second particulate phase is described. The primary particulate phase is a particle such as a gel bead containing an immobilized biocatalyst. The secondary particulate phase, continuously introduced and removed in either cocurrent or countercurrent mode, acts in a secondary role such as a sorbent to continuously remove a product or by-product constituent from the fluid phase. Introduction and removal of the sorbent phase is accomplished through the use of feed screw mechanisms and multivane slurry valves. 3 figures.

  11. FAST NEUTRONIC REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, A.H.

    1957-12-01

    This patent relates to a reactor and process for carrying out a controlled fast neutron chain reaction. A cubical reactive mass, weighing at least 920 metric tons, of uranium metal containing predominantly U/sup 238/ and having a U/sup 235/ content of at least 7.63% is assembled and the maximum neutron reproduction ratio is limited to not substantially over 1.01 by insertion and removal of a varying amount of boron, the reactive mass being substantially freed of moderator.

  12. Enhancement in electrical conductivity of Li2O : B2O3 : V2O5 glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R S Gedam; V K Deshpande

    2009-02-01

    The study of electrical conductivity of 30Li2O : (70 – ) B2O3 : V2O5 glass samples has been carried out. The results have been explained by dividing the temperature range into two regions. In region I, conductivity shows Arrhenius behaviour for all the samples. The conductivity increases with addition of V2O5. The results have been explained in the light of Anderson and Stuart Model. In region II, an anomalous enhancement in the conductivity is observed for all the samples up to certain temperature beyond which the conductivity decreases. The enhancement in the conductivity in the annealed glass sample has been attributed to nanocrystallization.

  13. Investigation of the Structural Variation after the Intercalation of Cetylpyridinium Chloride into V2O5 Xerogel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elidia Maria Guerra

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A new hybrid material using vanadium pentoxide xerogel in different concentration of the cationic surfactant cetylpyridinium chloride (V2O5CPC is investigated. The insertion was accompanied by XRD, FTIR and SEM characterization. These studies revealed the presence of a lamellar structure for the V2O5CPC hybrid material in all concentrations of cetylpyridinium chloride. The intercalation reaction was evidenced on basis of the increase in the d-spacing as well as the displacement of the infrared bands toward lower energy levels. The CPC intercalation occurred by reorganize intermittently forming two domains within the matrix.

  14. Effect of the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists in hepatic cirrhosis patients with ascites: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-hui TANG

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists in the treatment of hepatic cirrhosis patients with ascites. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Database for Chinese Technical Periodical (VIP, Chinese Journal Full-Text Database (CNKI, and Wan Fang Digital Journal Full-text Database were retrieved to collect clinical randomized controlled trials of hepatic cirrhosis with ascites treated by selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists. Meta analysis was performed by using Review Manager 5.0. Results Nine randomized controlled trials including 1884 patients met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis showed that: 1 The selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists were associated with a significant reduction in body weight compared with placebo (WMD=–1.98kg, 95%CI:–3.24-–0.72kg, P=0.002. Treatment with selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists was associated with an improvement of low serum sodium concentration compared to placebo (WMD=3.74mmol/L, 95%CI: 0.91-6.58mmol/L, P=0.01. The percentage of patients with worsening ascites was higher in the group of patients treated with placebo (RR=0.51, 95%CI: 0.34-0.77, P=0.001. 2 The amplitude of increased urine volume was obviously higher in selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group than in placebo group (WMD=1437.65ml, 95%CI: 649.01-2226.30ml, P=0.0004. The difference of serum creatinine in the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group was not statistically significant compared with the control group (WMD=–3.49μmol/L, 95%CI: –12.54¬5.56μmol/L, P=0.45. 3 There was no statistical significance between the two groups in the heart rate, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and mortality (P>0.05. The rate of other adverse reactions was higher in the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group compared with that of placebo group (P=0.003. Conclusion

  15. Improved Performance of Pentacene Organic Field-Effect Transistors by Inserting a V2O5 Metal Oxide Layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵赓; 程晓曼; 田海军; 杜博群; 梁晓宇

    2011-01-01

    We fabricate pentacene-based organic field effect transistors(OFETs),inserting a transition metal oxide(V2 O5)layer between the pentacene and Al source-drain(S/D)electrodes.The performance of the devices with V2O5/AlS/D electrodes is considerably improved compared to the pentacene-based OFET with only Al S/D electrodes.After the 10-nm V2O5 layer modification,the effective field-effect mobility of the devices increases from 2.7 ×10-3 cm2 /V.s to 8.93 × 10-1 cm2 /V.s.Owing to the change of the injection property,the effective threshold voltage (Vth)is changed from-7.5 V to-5 V and the on/off ratio shifts from 102 to 104.Moreover,the dispersion of sub-threshold current in the devices disappears.These performance improvements are ascribed to the low carrier injection barrier and the reduction of contact resistance.It is indicated that V2O5 layer modification is an effective approach to improve pentacene-based OFET performance.%We fabricate pentacene-based organic field effect transistors (OFETs), inserting a transition metal oxide (V2O5) layer between the pentacene and Al source-drain (S/D) electrodes. The performance of the devices with V2 O5/AI S/D electrodes is considerably improved compared to the pentacene-based OFET with only Al S/D electrodes. After the 10-nm V2O5 layer modification, the effective field-effect mobility of the devices increases from 2.7 x 10~3 cm2/V-s to 8.93x10-1 cm2/V-s. Owing to the change of the injection property, the effective threshold voltage (Vth) is changed from -7.5 V to -5 V and the on/off ratio shifts from l02 to 104. Moreover, the dispersion of sub-threshold current in the devices disappears. These performance improvements are ascribed to the low carrier injection barrier and the reduction of contact resistance. It is indicated that V2O5 layer modification is an effective approach to improve pentacene-based OFET performance.

  16. Kinematic Validation of a Multi-Kinect v2 Instrumented 10-Meter Walkway for Quantitative Gait Assessments

    OpenAIRE

    Daphne J Geerse; Bert H Coolen; Melvyn Roerdink

    2015-01-01

    Walking ability is frequently assessed with the 10-meter walking test (10MWT), which may be instrumented with multiple Kinect v2 sensors to complement the typical stopwatch-based time to walk 10 meters with quantitative gait information derived from Kinect's 3D body point's time series. The current study aimed to evaluate a multi-Kinect v2 set-up for quantitative gait assessments during the 10MWT against a gold-standard motion-registration system by determining between-systems agreement for b...

  17. The two-loop helicity amplitudes for $gg \\to V_1 V_2 \\to 4~\\mathrm{leptons}$

    CERN Document Server

    von Manteuffel, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    We compute the two-loop massless QCD corrections to the helicity amplitudes for the production of two electroweak gauge bosons in the gluon fusion channel, $gg \\to V_1 V_2$, keeping the virtuality of the vector bosons $V_1$ and $V_2$ arbitrary and taking their decays into leptons into account. The amplitudes are expressed in terms of master integrals, whose representation has been optimised for fast and reliable numerical evaluation. We provide analytical results and a public C++ code for their numerical evaluation on HepForge at http://vvamp.hepforge.org .

  18. Licensed reactor nuclear safety criteria applicable to DOE reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-04-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Order DOE 5480.6, Safety of Department of Energy-Owned Nuclear Reactors, establishes reactor safety requirements to assure that reactors are sited, designed, constructed, modified, operated, maintained, and decommissioned in a manner that adequately protects health and safety and is in accordance with uniform standards, guides, and codes which are consistent with those applied to comparable licensed reactors. This document identifies nuclear safety criteria applied to NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) licensed reactors. The titles of the chapters and sections of USNRC Regulatory Guide 1.70, Standard Format and Content of Safety Analysis Reports for Nuclear Power Plants, Rev. 3, are used as the format for compiling the NRC criteria applied to the various areas of nuclear safety addressed in a safety analysis report for a nuclear reactor. In each section the criteria are compiled in four groups: (1) Code of Federal Regulations, (2) US NRC Regulatory Guides, SRP Branch Technical Positions and Appendices, (3) Codes and Standards, and (4) Supplemental Information. The degree of application of these criteria to a DOE-owned reactor, consistent with their application to comparable licensed reactors, must be determined by the DOE and DOE contractor.

  19. Real-Time Accurate 3D Reconstruction Based on Kinect v2%基于Kinect v2的实时精确三维重建系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李诗锐; 李琪; 李海洋; 侯沛宏; 曹伟国; 王向东; 李华

    2016-01-01

    快速、低成本、精确的三维扫描技术一直是计算机视觉领域研究的热点.首先,分析了新一代Kinect v2(Kinect for Windows v2 sensor)的技术参数、测量原理.设计实验测得其深度精度与测量距离呈线性变换关系.其次,Kinect v2深度数据含有大量的噪声,尤其是在物体边缘,常用的双边滤波器等去噪算法不能很好地去除这些噪声,对此设计了一种有效的去噪算法,以提高重建质量.最后,实现了一套基于新一代Kinect v2的重建系统.实验结果表明,该重建系统能够实时、精确地重建物体,可以广泛应用于低成本的快速三维成型.

  20. Power grid operation risk management: V2G deployment for sustainable development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddadian, Ghazale J.

    The production, transmission, and delivery of cost--efficient energy to supply ever-increasing peak loads along with a quest for developing a low-carbon economy require significant evolutions in the power grid operations. Lower prices of vast natural gas resources in the United States, Fukushima nuclear disaster, higher and more intense energy consumptions in China and India, issues related to energy security, and recent Middle East conflicts, have urged decisions makers throughout the world to look into other means of generating electricity locally. As the world look to combat climate changes, a shift from carbon-based fuels to non-carbon based fuels is inevitable. However, the variability of distributed generation assets in the electricity grid has introduced major reliability challenges for power grid operators. While spearheading sustainable and reliable power grid operations, this dissertation develops a multi-stakeholder approach to power grid operation design; aiming to address economic, security, and environmental challenges of the constrained electricity generation. It investigates the role of Electric Vehicle (EV) fleets integration, as distributed and mobile storage assets to support high penetrations of renewable energy sources, in the power grid. The vehicle-to-grid (V2G) concept is considered to demonstrate the bidirectional role of EV fleets both as a provider and consumer of energy in securing a sustainable power grid operation. The proposed optimization modeling is the application of Mixed-Integer Linear Programing (MILP) to large-scale systems to solve the hourly security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC) -- an optimal scheduling concept in the economic operation of electric power systems. The Monte Carlo scenario-based approach is utilized to evaluate different scenarios concerning the uncertainties in the operation of power grid system. Further, in order to expedite the real-time solution of the proposed approach for large-scale power systems

  1. Performance Test Results of the NASA-457M v2 Hall Thruster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soulas, George C.; Haag, Thomas W.; Herman, Daniel A.; Huang, Wensheng; Kamhawi, Hani; Shastry, Rohit

    2012-01-01

    Performance testing of a second generation, 50 kW-class Hall thruster labeled NASA-457M v2 was conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center. This NASA-designed thruster is an excellent candidate for a solar electric propulsion system that supports human exploration missions. Thruster discharge power was varied from 5 to 50 kW over discharge voltage and current ranges of 200 to 500 V and 15 to 100 A, respectively. Anode efficiencies varied from 0.56 to 0.71. The peak efficiency was similar to that of other state-of-the-art high power Hall thrusters, but outperformed these thrusters at lower discharge voltages. The 0.05 to 0.18 higher anode efficiencies of this thruster compared to its predecessor were primarily due to which of two stable discharge modes the thruster was operated. One stable mode was at low magnetic field strengths, which produced high anode efficiencies, and the other at high magnetic fields where its predecessor was operated. Cathode keeper voltages were always within 2.1 to 6.2 V and cathode voltages were within 13 V of tank ground during high anode efficiency operation. However, during operation at high magnetic fields, cathode-to-ground voltage magnitudes increased dramatically, exceeding 30 V, due to the high axial magnetic field strengths in the immediate vicinity of the centrally-mounted cathode. The peak thrust was 2.3 N and this occurred at a total thruster input power of 50.0 kW at a 500 V discharge voltage. The thruster demonstrated a thrust-to-power range of 76.4 mN/kW at low power to 46.1 mN/kW at full power, and a specific impulse range of 1420 to 2740 s. For a discharge voltage of 300 V, where specific impulses would be about 2000 s, thrust efficiencies varied from 0.57 to 0.63.

  2. Extraction of surface-related features in a recurrent model of V1-V2 interactions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Weidenbacher

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Humans can effortlessly segment surfaces and objects from two-dimensional (2D images that are projections of the 3D world. The projection from 3D to 2D leads partially to occlusions of surfaces depending on their position in depth and on viewpoint. One way for the human visual system to infer monocular depth cues could be to extract and interpret occlusions. It has been suggested that the perception of contour junctions, in particular T-junctions, may be used as cue for occlusion of opaque surfaces. Furthermore, X-junctions could be used to signal occlusion of transparent surfaces. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this contribution, we propose a neural model that suggests how surface-related cues for occlusion can be extracted from a 2D luminance image. The approach is based on feedforward and feedback mechanisms found in visual cortical areas V1 and V2. In a first step, contours are completed over time by generating groupings of like-oriented contrasts. Few iterations of feedforward and feedback processing lead to a stable representation of completed contours and at the same time to a suppression of image noise. In a second step, contour junctions are localized and read out from the distributed representation of boundary groupings. Moreover, surface-related junctions are made explicit such that they are evaluated to interact as to generate surface-segmentations in static images. In addition, we compare our extracted junction signals with a standard computer vision approach for junction detection to demonstrate that our approach outperforms simple feedforward computation-based approaches. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: A model is proposed that uses feedforward and feedback mechanisms to combine contextually relevant features in order to generate consistent boundary groupings of surfaces. Perceptually important junction configurations are robustly extracted from neural representations to signal cues for occlusion and transparency. Unlike

  3. Fast Reactor Fuel Type and Reactor Safety Performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Wigeland; J. Cahalan

    2009-09-01

    Fast Reactor Fuel Type and Reactor Safety Performance R. Wigeland , Idaho National Laboratory J. Cahalan, Argonne National Laboratory The sodium-cooled fast neutron reactor is currently being evaluated for the efficient transmutation of the highly-hazardous, long-lived, transuranic elements that are present in spent nuclear fuel. One of the fundamental choices that will be made is the selection of the fuel type for the fast reactor, whether oxide, metal, carbide, nitride, etc. It is likely that a decision on the fuel type will need to be made before many of the related technologies and facilities can be selected, from fuel fabrication to spent fuel reprocessing. A decision on fuel type should consider all impacts on the fast reactor system, including safety. Past work has demonstrated that the choice of fuel type may have a significant impact on the severity of consequences arising from accidents, especially for severe accidents of low probability. In this paper, the response of sodium-cooled fast reactors is discussed for both oxide and metal fuel types, highlighting the similarities and differences in reactor response and accident consequences. Any fast reactor facility must be designed to be able to successfully prevent, mitigate, or accommodate all consequences of potential events, including accidents. This is typically accomplished by using multiple barriers to the release of radiation, including the cladding on the fuel, the intact primary cooling system, and most visibly the reactor containment building. More recently, this has also included the use of ‘inherent safety’ concepts to reduce or eliminate the potential for serious damage in some cases. Past experience with oxide and metal fuel has demonstrated that both fuel types are suitable for use as fuel in a sodium-cooled fast reactor. However, safety analyses for these two fuel types have also shown that there can be substantial differences in accident consequences due to the neutronic and

  4. Electrospinning Preparation and Visible-Light Photocatalytic Activity of V2O5 Micro-Nanorod%静电纺丝法制备V2O5微纳米棒及光催化性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗飞; 周德凤; 杨国程; 刘建伟; 李朝辉; 孟健

    2013-01-01

    以聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVP)和偏钒酸铵(NH4VO3)为原料,利用静电纺丝技术结合溶胶过程制备PVP/NH4VO3纤维,对纤维缓慢控温处理制备V2O5微纳米棒.采用热重-差热分析(TG-DTA)、X射线衍射光谱(XRD)、傅立叶红外光谱(FT-IR)、场发射扫描电子显微镜(FE-SEM)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)和紫外-可见漫反射光谱(UV-Vis)技术手段对V2O5微纳米棒的结构和表面形态进行表征.以亚甲基蓝(MB)的光降解为模型反应,研究V2O5微纳米棒的光催化性能.结果表明:热处理温度对催化剂表面形态和晶相的生长有明显影响,550℃煅烧的V2O5微纳米棒在可见光区对MB的光降解效率最高,并分析和探讨了可能的光催化机理.%V2O5 micro-nanorods were fabricated via calcining the as-synthesized precursors prepared by electrospinning technique route using NH4VO3 and PVP as regent. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were characterized by Thermogravimetric and Differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-Vis). The photocatalytic activity of V2O5 micro-nanorod toward the decomposition of Methylene Blue (MB) was investigated. The results indicated that calcination temperature had a great influence on the morphologies and crystalline phases of the micro-nanorod. 550 °C micro-nanorod exhibited the highest activity for degrading MB under Visible light, and the photocatalytic mechanism of V2O5 micro-nanorod was also presented.

  5. Reactor Physics Analysis Models for a CANDU Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hang Bok

    2007-10-15

    Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactor physics analysis is typically performed in three steps. At first, macroscopic cross-sections of the reference lattice is produced by modeling the reference fuel channel. Secondly macroscopic cross-sections of reactivity devices in the reactor are generated. The macroscopic cross-sections of a reactivity device are calculated as incremental cross-sections by subtracting macroscopic cross-sections of a three-dimensional lattice without reactivity device from those of a three-dimensional lattice with a reactivity device. Using the macroscopic cross-sections of the reference lattice and incremental cross-sections of the reactivity devices, reactor physics calculations are performed. This report summarizes input data of typical CANDU reactor physics codes, which can be utilized for the future CANDU reactor physics analysis.

  6. Reactor Physics Analysis Models for a CANDU Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hang Bok

    2007-10-15

    Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactor physics analysis is typically performed in three steps. At first, macroscopic cross-sections of the reference lattice is produced by modeling the reference fuel channel. Secondly macroscopic cross-sections of reactivity devices in the reactor are generated. The macroscopic cross-sections of a reactivity device are calculated as incremental cross-sections by subtracting macroscopic cross-sections of a three-dimensional lattice without reactivity device from those of a three-dimensional lattice with a reactivity device. Using the macroscopic cross-sections of the reference lattice and incremental cross-sections of the reactivity devices, reactor physics calculations are performed. This report summarizes input data of typical CANDU reactor physics codes, which can be utilized for the future CANDU reactor physics analysis.

  7. 3-flavor oscillations with current and future reactor experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, Dan

    2017-01-01

    Nuclear reactors have been a crucial tool for our understanding of neutrinos. The disappearance of electron antineutrinos emitted by nuclear reactors has firmly established that neutrino flavor oscillates, and that neutrinos consequently have mass. The current generation of precision measurements rely on some of the world's most intense reactor facilities to demonstrate that the electron antineutrino mixes with the third antineutrino mass eigenstate (v3-). Accurate measurements of antineutrino energies robustly determine the tiny difference between the masses-squared of the v3- state and the two more closely-spaced v1- and v2- states. These results have given us a much clearer picture of neutrino mass and mixing, yet at the same time open major questions about how to account for these small but non-zero masses in or beyond the Standard Model. These observations have also opened the door for a new generation of experiments which aim to measure the ordering of neutrino masses and search for potential violation of CP symmetry by neutrinos. I will provide a brief overview of this exciting field. Work supported under DOE OHEP DE-AC02-05CH11231.

  8. Chemical-vapor-deposition reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chern, S.

    1979-01-01

    Reactor utilizes multiple stacked trays compactly arranged in paths of horizontally channeled reactant gas streams. Design allows faster and more efficient deposits of film on substrates, and reduces gas and energy consumption. Lack of dead spots that trap reactive gases reduces reactor purge time.

  9. Thermochemical reactor systems and methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lipinski, Wojciech; Davidson, Jane Holloway; Chase, Thomas Richard

    2016-11-29

    Thermochemical reactor systems that may be used to produce a fuel, and methods of using the thermochemical reactor systems, utilizing a reactive cylindrical element, an optional energy transfer cylindrical element, an inlet gas management system, and an outlet gas management system.

  10. Test reactor risk assessment methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennings, R.H.; Rawlins, J.K.; Stewart, M.E.

    1976-04-01

    A methodology has been developed for the identification of accident initiating events and the fault modeling of systems, including common mode identification, as these methods are applied in overall test reactor risk assessment. The methods are exemplified by a determination of risks to a loss of primary coolant flow in the Engineering Test Reactor.

  11. Studies on a membrane reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohan, K.; Govind, R.

    1988-10-01

    Simulation is used to evaluate the performance of a catalytic reactor with permeable wall (membrane reactor) in shifting the equilibrium of three reversible reactions (cyclohexane dehydrogenation, hydrogen iodide decomposition, and propylene disproportionation). It is found that the preferred choice of cocurrernt or countercurrent operation is dependent on the physical properties and operating conditions. Methods of enhancing conversion are suggested and temperature effects are discussed.

  12. Thermochemical reactor systems and methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipinski, Wojciech; Davidson, Jane Holloway; Chase, Thomas Richard

    2016-11-29

    Thermochemical reactor systems that may be used to produce a fuel, and methods of using the thermochemical reactor systems, utilizing a reactive cylindrical element, an optional energy transfer cylindrical element, an inlet gas management system, and an outlet gas management system.

  13. Brookhaven leak reactor to close

    CERN Multimedia

    MacIlwain, C

    1999-01-01

    The DOE has announced that the High Flux Beam Reactor at Brookhaven is to close for good. Though the news was not unexpected researchers were angry the decision had been taken before the review to assess the impact of reopening the reactor had been concluded (1 page).

  14. High-performance p-n heterojunction photodetectors based on V2O5 nanorods by spray pyrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abd-Alghafour, N. M.; Ahmed, Naser. M.; Hassan, Z.; Bououdina, M.

    2016-09-01

    V2O5 heterojunction photodetector was fabricated onto Si(100) substrate using spray pyrolysis technique. Vanadium chloride (VCl3) precursor with 0.05 M concentration was used to prepare V2O5 thin film. The structural, morphological, and optical properties of V2O5 thin film were investigated. High-resolution X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of V2O5 thin film with a preferred orientation along (110) plane. Morphological observations using field emission scanning electron microscope displayed the formation of thin film with rod-like nanostructure. The optical properties examined by photoluminescence spectroscopy indicated a high-intensity visible peak centered around 530 nm. Current-voltage ( I- V) characteristics of the fabricated device under visible light exhibited low dark current and high photocurrent of 540 μA at 3 V bias voltages. Upon exposure to 560 nm visible light (24 mW/cm2) at 3 V, the device displayed a good sensitivity of 20.16 × 102. In addition, the internal gain of the photodiode was 21.16, and the photoresponse peak was 50 mA/W. The rise and recovery times of the photodiode were calculated to be 0.127 and 0.526 s under visible light (560 nm, 24 mW/cm2), respectively, at 3 V.

  15. Graphene functionalised by laser-ablated V2O5 for a highly sensitive NH3 sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margus Kodu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Graphene has been recognized as a promising gas sensing material. The response of graphene-based sensors can be radically improved by introducing defects in graphene using, for example, metal or metal oxide nanoparticles. We have functionalised CVD grown, single-layer graphene by applying pulsed laser deposition (PLD of V2O5 which resulted in a thin V2O5 layer on graphene with average thickness of ≈0.6 nm. From Raman spectroscopy, it was concluded that the PLD process also induced defects in graphene. Compared to unmodified graphene, the obtained chemiresistive sensor showed considerable improvement of sensing ammonia at room temperature. In addition, the response time, sensitivity and reversibility were essentially enhanced due to graphene functionalisation by laser deposited V2O5. This can be explained by an increased surface density of gas adsorption sites introduced by high energy atoms in laser ablation plasma and formation of nanophase boundaries between deposited V2O5 and graphene.

  16. Partial oxidation of methanol on well-ordered V2O5(001)/Au(111) thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sturm, J. M.; Gobke, D.; Kuhlenbeck, H.; Dobler, J.; Reinhardt, U.; Ganduglia-Pirovano, M. V.; Sauer, J.; Freund, H. J.

    2009-01-01

    The partial oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde on well-ordered thin V2O5(001)films supported on Au(111) was studied. Temperature-programmed desorption shows that bulk-terminated surfaces are not reactive, whereas reduced surfaces produce formaldehyde. Formaldehyde desorption occurs between 400 K

  17. MetalDetector v2.0: predicting the geometry of metal binding sites from protein sequence

    OpenAIRE

    Passerini, A; Lippi, M.; P. Frasconi

    2011-01-01

    MetalDetector identifies CYS and HIS involved in transition metal protein binding sites, starting from sequence alone. A major new feature of release 2.0 is the ability to predict which residues are jointly involved in the coordination of the same metal ion. The server is available at http://metaldetector.dsi.unifi.it/v2.0/.

  18. Study of magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of monoclinic and triclinic spin chain CoV2O6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandi, Moumita; Mandal, Prabhat

    We have investigated magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of both monoclinic and triclinic phases of CoV2O6 from magnetization and heat capacity measurements. Conventional and inverse magnetocaloric effects have been observed in both phases of CoV2O6. For a field change from 0 to 7 T, maximum values of magnetic entropy change and adiabatic temperature change reach 11.8 J kg-1 K-1 and 9.5 K respectively for monoclinic CoV2O6 while the corresponding values reach 12.1 J kg-1 K-1 and 13.1 K for triclinic CoVO6. Particularly for triclinic CoVO6, the magnetocaloric parameters are quite large in low or moderate field range. Apart from this, we have constructed magnetic phase diagram of monoclinic CoV2O6 where field-induced complex magnetic phases appear below a certain critical temperature 6 K when external magnetic field is applied along crystallographic easy axis.

  19. Psychometric Properties of the Brazilian 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey Version 2 (SF-12v2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Figueiredo Damásio

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, in its initial (SF-12 and revised form (SF-12v2 is a widely used measure to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL. The present study evaluates the factor structure and reliability of the Brazilian version of the SF-12v2. Participants were 627 subjects (74.1% women, aged from 18 to 88 years (M = 38.6; SD = 13.16, from 17 Brazilian states. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested two pairs of error terms to be highly correlated (3a-3b; and 4a-4b. A qualitative inspection showed an overlap of content among these items. The respecified model presented adequate fit indices. Convergent validity was also tested with measures of health-related self-care, subjective happiness, life satisfaction, depression and self-efficacy. Expected correlations were found between the SF-12v2 and these measures. Results showed initial evidence in favor of using the SF-12v2 as a measure of physical and mental health in the Brazilian context.

  20. Carbon wrapped hierarchical Li3V2(PO4)3 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Shuquan; Tan, Qinguang; Xiong, Wei; Tang, Yan; Tan, Xiaoping; Huang, Linjun; Pan, Anqiang; Cao, Guozhong

    2016-09-21

    Nanomaterials are extensively studied in electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems because of their structural advantages. However, their volumetric energy density still needs improvement due to the high surface area, especially the carbon based nanocomposites. Constructing hierarchical micro-scaled materials from closely stacked subunits is proposed as an effective way to solve the problem. In this work, Li3V2(PO4)3@carbon hierarchical microspheres are prepared by a solvothermal reaction and subsequent annealing. Hierarchical Li3V2(PO4)3 structures with different subunits are obtained with the aid of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). Moreover, excessive PVP interconnect and form PVP-based hydrogels, which later convert into conductive carbon layer on the surface of Li3V2(PO4)3 microspheres during the annealing process. As a cathode material for lithium ion batteries, the 3D carbon wrapped Li3V2(PO4)3 hierarchical microspheres exhibit high rate capability and excellent cycling stability. The electrode has the capacity retention of 80% after 5000 cycles even at 50C.

  1. Measurement of direct photon v_2 in sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV Au+Au collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Adare, A; Aidala, C; Ajitanand, N N; Akiba, Y; Al-Bataineh, H; Alexander, J; Aoki, K; Aramaki, Y; Atomssa, E T; Averbeck, R; Awes, T C; Azmoun, B; Babintsev, V; Bai, M; Baksay, G; Baksay, L; Barish, K N; Bassalleck, B; Basye, A T; Bathe, S; Baublis, V; Baumann, C; Bazilevsky, A; Belikov, S; Belmont, R; Bennett, R; Berdnikov, A; Berdnikov, Y; Bickley, A A; Bok, J S; Boyle, K; Brooks, M L; Buesching, H; Bumazhnov, V; Bunce, G; Butsyk, S; Camacho, C M; Campbell, S; Chen, C -H; Chi, C Y; Chiu, M; Choi, I J; Choudhury, R K; Christiansen, P; Chujo, T; Chung, P; Chvala, O; Cianciolo, V; Citron, Z; Cole, B A; Connors, M; Constantin, P; Csanád, M; Csörgő, T; Dahms, T; Dairaku, S; Danchev, I; Das, K; Datta, A; David, G; Denisov, A; Deshpande, A; Desmond, E J; Dietzsch, O; Dion, A; Donadelli, M; Drapier, O; Drees, A; Drees, K A; Durham, J M; Durum, A; Dutta, D; Edwards, S; Efremenko, Y V; Ellinghaus, F; Engelmore, T; Enokizono, A; En'yo, H; Esumi, S; Fadem, B; Fields, D E; Finger, M; Finger, M; Jr.,; Fleuret, F; Fokin, S L; Fraenkel, Z; Frantz, J E; Franz, A; Frawley, A D; Fujiwara, K; Fukao, Y; Fusayasu, T; Garishvili, I; Glenn, A; Gong, H; Gonin, M; Goto, Y; de Cassagnac, R Granier; Grau, N; Greene, S V; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Gunji, T; Gustafsson, H -Å; Haggerty, J S; Hahn, K I; Hamagaki, H; Hamblen, J; Han, R; Hanks, J; Hartouni, E P; Haslum, E; Hayano, R; He, X; Heffner, M; Hemmick, T K; Hester, T; Hill, J C; Hohlmann, M; Holzmann, W; Homma, K; Hong, B; Horaguchi, T; Hornback, D; Huang, S; Ichihara, T; Ichimiya, R; Ide, J; Ikeda, Y; Imai, K; Inaba, M; Isenhower, D; Ishihara, M; Isobe, T; Issah, M; Isupov, A; Ivanischev, D; Jacak, B V; Jia, J; Jin, J; Johnson, B M; Joo, K S; Jouan, D; Jumper, D S; Kajihara, F; Kametani, S; Kamihara, N; Kamin, J; Kang, J H; Kapustinsky, J; Karatsu, K; Kawall, D; Kawashima, M; Kazantsev, A V; Kempel, T; Khanzadeev, A; Kijima, K M; Kim, B I; Kim, D H; Kim, D J; Kim, E; Kim, E J; Kim, S H; Kim, Y J; Kinney, E; Kiriluk, K; Kiss, Á; Kistenev, E; Kochenda, L; Komkov, B; Konno, M; Koster, J; Kotchetkov, D; Kozlov, A; Král, A; Kravitz, A; Kunde, G J; Kurita, K; Kurosawa, M; Kwon, Y; Kyle, G S; Lacey, R; Lai, Y S; Lajoie, J G; Lebedev, A; Lee, D M; Lee, J; Lee, K; Lee, K B; Lee, K S; Leitch, M J; Leite, M A L; Leitner, E; Lenzi, B; Li, X; Liebing, P; Levy, L A Linden; Liška, T; Litvinenko, A; Liu, H; Liu, M X; Love, B; Luechtenborg, R; Lynch, D; Maguire, C F; Makdisi, Y I; Malakhov, A; Malik, M D; Manko, V I; Mannel, E; Mao, Y; Masui, H; Matathias, F; McCumber, M; McGaughey, P L; Means, N; Meredith, B; Miake, Y; Mignerey, A C; Mikeš, P; Miki, K; Milov, A; Mishra, M; Mitchell, J T; Mohanty, A K; Morino, Y; Morreale, A; Morrison, D P; Moukhanova, T V; Murata, J; Nagamiya, S; Nagle, J L; Naglis, M; Nagy, M I; Nakagawa, I; Nakamiya, Y; Nakamura, T; Nakano, K; Newby, J; Nguyen, M; Nouicer, R; Nyanin, A S; O'Brien, E; Oda, S X; Ogilvie, C A; Oka, M; Okada, K; Onuki, Y; Oskarsson, A; Ouchida, M; Ozawa, K; Pak, R; Pantuev, V; Papavassiliou, V; Park, I H; Park, J; Park, S K; Park, W J; Pate, S F; Pei, H; Peng, J -C; Pereira, H; Peresedov, V; Peressounko, D Yu; Pinkenburg, C; Pisani, R P; Proissl, M; Purschke, M L; Purwar, A K; Qu, H; Rak, J; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Ravinovich, I; Read, K F; Reygers, K; Riabov, V; Riabov, Y; Richardson, E; Roach, D; Roche, G; Rolnick, S D; Rosati, M; Rosen, C A; Rosendahl, S S E; Rosnet, P; Rukoyatkin, P; Ružička, P; Sahlmueller, B; Saito, N; Sakaguchi, T; Sakashita, K; Samsonov, V; Sano, S; Sato, T; Sawada, S; Sedgwick, K; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Semenov, A Yu; Seto, R; Sharma, D; Shein, I; Shibata, T -A; Shigaki, K; Shimomura, M; Shoji, K; Shukla, P; Sickles, A; Silva, C L; Silvermyr, D; Silvestre, C; Sim, K S; Singh, B K; Singh, C P; Singh, V; Slunečka, M; Soltz, R A; Sondheim, W E; Sorensen, S P; Sourikova, I V; Sparks, N A; Stankus, P W; Stenlund, E; Stoll, S P; Sugitate, T; Sukhanov, A; Sziklai, J; Takagui, E M; Taketani, A; Tanabe, R; Tanaka, Y; Tanida, K; Tannenbaum, M J; Tarafdar, S; Taranenko, A; Tarján, P; Themann, H; Thomas, T L; Togawa, M; Toia, A; Tomášek, L; Torii, H; Towell, R S; Tserruya, I; Tsuchimoto, Y; Vale, C; Valle, H; van Hecke, H W; Vazquez-Zambrano, E; Veicht, A; Velkovska, J; Vértesi, R; Vinogradov, A A; Virius, M; Vrba, V; Vznuzdaev, E; Wang, X R; Watanabe, D; Watanabe, K; Watanabe, Y; Wei, F; Wei, R; Wessels, J; White, S N; Winter, D; Wood, J P; Woody, C L; Wright, R M; Wysocki, M; Xie, W; Yamaguchi, Y L; Yamaura, K; Yang, R; Yanovich, A; Ying, J; Yokkaichi, S; You, Z; Young, G R; Younus, I; Yushmanov, I E; Zajc, W A; Zhang, C; Zhou, S; Zolin, L

    2011-01-01

    The second Fourier component v_2 of the azimuthal anisotropy with respect to the reaction plane has been measured for direct photons at midrapidity and transverse momentum (p_T) of 1.15 GeV/c in Au+Au collisions at sqr(s_NN)=200 GeV. Previous measurements of this quantity for hadrons with p_T 6 GeV/c a reduced anisotropy is interpreted in terms of a path-length dependence for parton energy loss. In this measurement we find that for p_T > 4 GeV/c, the anisotropy for direct photons is consistent with zero and current uncertainties prevent a conclusive test of predicted small v_2 values from jet conversion and fragmentation photons. However, in the p_T < 4 GeV/c region, dominated by thermal photons, we find a substantial direct photon v_2 comparable to that of hadrons, whereas model calculations for thermal photons in this kinematic region significantly underpredict the observed v_2.

  2. Bet v 1- and Bet v 2-Associated Plant Food Sensitization in Uganda and Germany: Differences and Similarities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odongo, Leo; Mulyowa, Grace; Goebeler, Matthias; Trautmann, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Birch pollen allergy and concomitant plant food sensitization are well documented in Europe. However, there are currently no data available on pollen-associated plant food sensitization or even pollen allergy in tropical Africa. Our study aimed to investigate Bet v 1- and Bet v 2-associated plant food sensitization in atopic patients from Uganda and compare it with sensitization rates in German patients. Sera from 83 Ugandan and 97 German atopic patients were analysed using UniCAP100™ for allergen-specific IgE against the birch tree pollen allergens Bet v 1 and Bet v 2 as well as the plant foods hazelnut, apple, kiwi, pea, peach, cherry, litchi, peanut, and soy. As expected, sensitization to Bet v 1 and cross-reactive plant food allergens was more common in German atopic patients. In contrast, the prevalence of sensitization against Bet v 2 was remarkably similar in Ugandan and German patients. Interestingly, in Ugandan patients we found IgE-mediated sensitization against plant foods such as hazelnut, pea, peach, cherry, and litchi that are neither cultivated nor consumed in Uganda. For Ugandan atopic patients, sensitization against the Bet v 2 allergen (a plant profilin) may explain cross-reactivity to several plant foods which are not consumed in Uganda. Additionally, it is probable that sensitization of Ugandan atopics to alder pollen (Alnus acuminata, plant family Betulaceae) caused serological cross-reactivity with Betula verrucosa-related allergens. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  3. Electrochemical Behavior of Molten V2O5-K2S2O7-KHSO4 Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petrushina, Irina; Bjerrum, Niels; Berg, Rolf W.

    1997-01-01

    The electrochemical behavior of K2S2O7-KHSO4-V2O5, K2S2O7-V2O4 and K2S2O7-KHSO4-V2O4 melts was studied in argon and SO2/air atmospheres using a gold electrode. In order to identify the voltammetric waves due to KHSO4, molten KHSO4 and mixtures of K2S2O7-KHSO4 were investigated by voltammetry...... performed with Au and Pt electrodes in an argon atmosphere. It was shown that H+ reduction took place at 0.26 V vs. an Ag+/Ag reference electrode, i.e., at a potential in between the V(V) --> V(IV) and V(IV) --> V(III) reduction stages. The presence of KHSO4 caused an increased concentration of V......(III) species in the V2O5 containing molten electrolytes. This effect may be caused either by protonic promotion of the V(IV) --> V(III) reduction (VO2+ + 2H(+) + e(-) --> V3+ + H2O) or by chemical reduction of V(IV) complexes with hydrogen, formed from H+ as the product of the electrochemical reduction. Both...

  4. Charge and bilateral discharge of battery in hybrid vehicles with ability of reactive power compensation with technology V2G

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajad Davtalab

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Posing V2G theory for hybrid vehicles can create opportunities on the operation of the grid, and can even put it in row of renewable energy sources. One of the needs in the operation of power systems on which is special attention is voltage control and reactive power of grid. Hybrid cars with V2G capability can be utilized for this work and is the subject of this article.An appropriate control method for reactive power control of grid by using V2G is suggested in this article. Reactive powers, dc-link voltage and reactive power in the suggested control method are independent and can be controlled separately. Section of battery and transducer of hybrid vehicle with V2G capability have been simulated and the suggested controller has been applied to it in order to evaluate the suggested control method. The results achieved from the simulation show that reactive power injected into the grid or received from it can be controlled independent of its reactive power with appropriate transient state.

  5. High-frequency dielectric and magnetic anomaly at the phase transition in NaV2O5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smirnov, A.I.; Popova, M.N.; Sushkov, A.B.; Golubchik, S.A.; Khomskii, D.I.; Mostovoy, M.V.; Vasil’ev, A.N.; Isobe, M.; Ueda, Y.

    1999-01-01

    We found anomalies in the temperature dependence of the dielectric and magnetic susceptibility of NaV2O5 in the microwave and far-infrared frequency ranges. The anomalies occur at the phase transition temperature Tc, at which the spin gap opens. The real parts of the dielectric constants εa and εc

  6. Metabolism of myristicin by Depressaria pastinacella CYP6AB3v2 and inhibition by its metabolite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Wenfu; Zangerl, Arthur R; Berenbaum, May R; Schuler, Mary A

    2008-06-01

    Although methylenedioxyphenyl (MDP) compounds, such as myristicin, are useful in the management of insecticide-resistant insects, the molecular mechanisms for their action in mammals and insects have not been elucidated. In this study, GC-MS analyses of methanol extracts of foliage of wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) have identified myristicin as a substrate for CYP6AB3v2, an imperatorin-metabolizing cytochrome P450 monooxygenase from Depressaria pastinacella (parsnip webworm). In contrast with its strong inhibitory effects on many mammalian P450s, myristicin is effectively metabolized by CYP6AB3v2 (V(max) and K(m) of 97.9 pmol/min/pmol P450 and 17.9 microM, respectively) at a rate exceeding that recorded previously for imperatorin, the only other known substrate for this highly specialized enzyme. The myristicin metabolite of CYP6AB3v2 is 1-(3',4'-methylenedioxy-5'-methoxyphenyl)-2,3-epoxypropane. Molecular dockings have indicated that, unlike other epoxide metabolites of furanocoumarins, this epoxide metabolite is likely to remain in the CYP6AB3v2 catalytic site due to its low binding energy (-31.0 kcal/mol). Inhibition assays indicate that myristicin acts as a mixed inhibitor of this insect P450 and suggest that the epoxide metabolite may be an intermediate involved in the formation of P450-methylenedioxyphenyl complexes.

  7. On the inconsistency of Porsch-R\\"oseler cutoff theory. (reply to [arXiv:1208.1166v2])

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhno, V.D.

    2012-01-01

    It is shown that the conclusion [arXiv:1208.1166v2] made by Porsch and R\\"oseler that their cutoff polaron theory transforms to Tulub theory is erroneous. The results of the work by Klimin and Devreese based on the results of Porsch and R\\"oseler theory are erroneous too.

  8. Adsorption of ethanol on V2O5 (010) surface for gas-sensing applications: Ab initio investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Yuxiang; Cui, Mengyang; Ye, Zhenhua

    2016-08-01

    The adsorption of ethanol on V2O5 (010) surface was investigated by means of density functional theory (DFT) with a combined generalized gradient approximation (GGA) plus Hubbard U approach to exploit the potential sensing applications. The adsorption configurations were first constructed by considering different orientations of ethanol molecule to V and O sites on the "Hill"- and "Valley"-like regions of corrugated (010) surface. It is found that ethanol molecule can adsorb on whole surface in multiple stable configurations. Nevertheless the molecular adsorption on the "Hill"-like surface is calculated to occur preferentially, and the single coordinated oxygen on "Hill"-like surface (O1(H)) acting as the most energetically favorable adsorption site shows the strongest adsorption ability to ethanol molecule. Surface adsorption of ethanol tunes the electronic structure of V2O5 and cause an n-doping effect. As a consequence, the Fermi levels shift toward the conductive bond increasing the charge carrier concentration of electrons in adsorbed V2O5. The sensitive electronic structure and the multiple stable configurations to ethanol adsorption highlight the high adsorption activity and then the potential of V2O5 (010) surface applied to high sensitive sensor for ethanol vapor detection. Further Mulliken population and Natural bond orbital (NBO) calculations quantify the electron transfer from the adsorbed ethanol to the surface, and correlates the adsorption ability of surface sites with the charge donation and dispersion.

  9. The TissueNet v.2 database: A quantitative view of protein-protein interactions across human tissues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basha, Omer; Barshir, Ruth; Sharon, Moran; Lerman, Eugene; Kirson, Binyamin F.; Hekselman, Idan; Yeger-Lotem, Esti

    2017-01-01

    Knowledge of the molecular interactions of human proteins within tissues is important for identifying their tissue-specific roles and for shedding light on tissue phenotypes. However, many protein–protein interactions (PPIs) have no tissue-contexts. The TissueNet database bridges this gap by associating experimentally-identified PPIs with human tissues that were shown to express both pair-mates. Users can select a protein and a tissue, and obtain a network view of the query protein and its tissue-associated PPIs. TissueNet v.2 is an updated version of the TissueNet database previously featured in NAR. It includes over 40 human tissues profiled via RNA-sequencing or protein-based assays. Users can select their preferred expression data source and interactively set the expression threshold for determining tissue-association. The output of TissueNet v.2 emphasizes qualitative and quantitative features of query proteins and their PPIs. The tissue-specificity view highlights tissue-specific and globally-expressed proteins, and the quantitative view highlights proteins that were differentially expressed in the selected tissue relative to all other tissues. Together, these views allow users to quickly assess the unique versus global functionality of query proteins. Thus, TissueNet v.2 offers an extensive, quantitative and user-friendly interface to study the roles of human proteins across tissues. TissueNet v.2 is available at http://netbio.bgu.ac.il/tissuenet. PMID:27899616

  10. Low-dimensional magnetic properties of orthorhombic MnV2O6 : A nonstandard structure stabilized at high pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hneda, M. L.; da Cunha, J. B. M.; Gusmão, M. A.; Neto, S. R. Oliveira; Rodríguez-Carvajal, J.; Isnard, O.

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the physical properties of a nonstandard orthorhombic form of MnV2O6 , including a comparison with the isostructural orthorhombic niobate MnNb2O6 , and with the usual MnV2O6 monoclinic polymorph. Orthorhombic (P b c n ) MnV2O6 is obtained under extreme conditions of high pressure (6.7 GPa) and high temperature (800 ∘C ). A negative Curie-Weiss temperature θCW is observed, implying dominant antiferromagnetic interactions at high temperatures, in contrast to the positive θCW of the monoclinic form. Specific-heat measurements are reported down to 1.8 K for all three compounds, and corroborate the magnetic-transition temperatures obtained from susceptibility data. Orthorhombic MnV2O6 presents a transition to an ordered antiferromagnetic state at TN=4.7 K. Its magnetic structure, determined by neutron diffraction, is unique among the columbite compounds, being characterized by a commensurate propagation vector k =(0 ,0 ,1/2 ) . It presents antiferromagnetic chains running along the c axis, but with a different spin pattern in comparison to the chains observed in MnNb2O6 . By a comparative discussion of our observations in this three compounds, we are able to highlight the interplay between competing interactions and dimensionality that yield their magnetic properties.

  11. In vivo evidence of functional and anatomical stripe-based subdivisions in human V2 and V3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumoulin, Serge O; Harvey, Ben M; Fracasso, Alessio; Zuiderbaan, Wietske; Luijten, Peter R; Wandell, Brian A; Petridou, Natalia

    2017-04-07

    Visual cortex contains a hierarchy of visual areas. The earliest cortical area (V1) contains neurons responding to colour, form and motion. Later areas specialize on processing of specific features. The second visual area (V2) in non-human primates contains a stripe-based anatomical organization, initially defined using cytochrome-oxidase staining of post-mortem tissue. Neurons in these stripes have been proposed to serve distinct functional specializations, e.g. processing of color, form and motion. These stripes represent an intermediate stage in visual hierarchy and serve a key role in the increasing functional specialization of visual areas. Using sub-millimeter high-field functional and anatomical MRI (7T), we provide in vivo evidence for stripe-based subdivisions in humans. Using functional MRI, we contrasted responses elicited by stimuli alternating at slow and fast temporal frequencies. We revealed stripe-based subdivisions in V2 ending at the V1/V2 border. The human stripes reach into V3. Using anatomical MRI optimized for myelin contrast within gray matter, we also observe a stripe pattern. Stripe subdivisions preferentially responding to fast temporal frequencies are more myelinated. As such, functional and anatomical measures provide independent and converging evidence for functional organization into striped-based subdivisions in human V2 and V3.

  12. Controllable Preparation of V2O5/Graphene Nanocomposites as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanglin; Wang, Yaping; Zhang, Yifang; Liang, Shuquan; Pan, Anqiang

    2016-12-01

    Transition metal oxides and graphene composites have been widely reported in energy storage and conversion systems. However, the controllable synthesis of graphene-based nanocomposites with tunable morphologies is far less reported. In this work, we report the fabrication of V2O5 and reduced graphene oxide composites with nanosheet or nanoparticle-assembled subunits by adjusting the solvothermal solution. As cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the nanosheet-assembled V2O5/graphene composite exhibits better rate capability and long-term cycling stability. The V2O5/graphene composites can deliver discharge capacities of 133, 131, and 122 mAh g-1 at 16 C, 32 C, and 64 C, respectively, in the voltage range of 2.5-4.0 V vs. Li/Li+. Moreover, the electrodes can retain 85% of their original capacity at 1C rate after 500 cycles. The superior electrochemical performances are attributed to the porous structures created by the connected V2O5 nanosheets and the electron conductivity improvement by graphene.

  13. A Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode material for use in hybrid lithium ion batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Weixin; Ji, Xiaobo; Pan, Chengchi; Zhu, Yirong; Chen, Qiyuan; Banks, Craig E

    2013-09-14

    A NASICON-structure Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode material prepared by carbothermal reduction method is employed in a hybrid-ion battery with Li-involved electrolyte and anode. The ion-transportation mechanism is firstly investigated in this complicated system for an open three-dimensional framework Na3V2(PO4)3. Ion-exchange is greatly influenced by the standing time, for example, the 1 hour battery presents a specific capacity of 128 mA h g(-1) while the 24 hour battery exhibits a value of 148 mA h g(-1) with improved rate and cycling performances over existing literature reported Li-ion batteries. In the hybrid-ion system, an ion-exchange process likely takes place between the two Na(2) sites in the rhombohedral structure. NaLi2V2(PO4)3 could be produced by ion-transportation since the Na(+) in the Na(1) site is stationary and the three Na(2) sites could be used to accommodate the incoming alkali ions; Li(x)Na(y)V2(PO4)3 would come out when the vacant site in Na(2) was occupied depending on the applied voltage range. The reported methodology and power characteristics are greater than those previously reported.

  14. Use of a Gafchromic film HD-V2 for the profile measurement of energetic ion beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuri, Yosuke; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Agematsu, Takashi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Seito, Hajime; Okumura, Susumu

    2017-09-01

    The coloration response of a radiochromic film, Gafchromic HD-V2, to ion beams was investigated to apply the film to measuring the transverse intensity distribution of large-area ion beams. HD-V2 films were, therefore, irradiated with proton (10 MeV) and several heavy-ion (4.1-27 MeV/u) beams in a wide fluence range at the azimuthally-varying-field cyclotron facility in National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, and read with an image scanner to analyze changes in the optical density. It was shown that the available fluence range (106-1011 ions/cm2) of HD-V2 depends strongly on ion species, i.e., linear energy transfer (LET). In addition, the reduction of the sensitivity to dose was shown over a wide LET range. The transverse intensity distribution of a large-area ion beam was measured using a response function determined from the measured data. We have demonstrated that the Gafchromic film HD-V2 is useful for measuring the intensity distribution at a low fluence and thus evaluating the characteristics of various ion beams.

  15. EC-Earth V2.2: description and validation of a new seamless earth system prediction model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hazeleger, W.; Wang, X.; Severijns, C.; Linden, van der E.C.

    2012-01-01

    EC-Earth, a new Earth system model based on the operational seasonal forecast system of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), is presented. The performance of version 2.2 (V2.2) of the model is compared to observations, reanalysis data and other coupled atmosphere–ocean-sea

  16. EC-Earth V2.2: description and validation of a new seamless earth system prediction model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hazeleger, W.; Wang, X.; Severijns, C.; Linden, van der E.C.

    2012-01-01

    EC-Earth, a new Earth system model based on the operational seasonal forecast system of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), is presented. The performance of version 2.2 (V2.2) of the model is compared to observations, reanalysis data and other coupled atmosphere–ocean-sea

  17. Carbon wrapped hierarchical Li3V2(PO4)3 microspheres for high performance lithium ion batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Shuquan; Tan, Qinguang; Xiong, Wei; Tang, Yan; Tan, Xiaoping; Huang, Linjun; Pan, Anqiang; Cao, Guozhong

    2016-01-01

    Nanomaterials are extensively studied in electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems because of their structural advantages. However, their volumetric energy density still needs improvement due to the high surface area, especially the carbon based nanocomposites. Constructing hierarchical micro-scaled materials from closely stacked subunits is proposed as an effective way to solve the problem. In this work, Li3V2(PO4)3@carbon hierarchical microspheres are prepared by a solvothermal reaction and subsequent annealing. Hierarchical Li3V2(PO4)3 structures with different subunits are obtained with the aid of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). Moreover, excessive PVP interconnect and form PVP-based hydrogels, which later convert into conductive carbon layer on the surface of Li3V2(PO4)3 microspheres during the annealing process. As a cathode material for lithium ion batteries, the 3D carbon wrapped Li3V2(PO4)3 hierarchical microspheres exhibit high rate capability and excellent cycling stability. The electrode has the capacity retention of 80% after 5000 cycles even at 50C. PMID:27649860

  18. Controllable Preparation of V2O5/Graphene Nanocomposites as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanglin; Wang, Yaping; Zhang, Yifang; Liang, Shuquan; Pan, Anqiang

    2016-12-01

    Transition metal oxides and graphene composites have been widely reported in energy storage and conversion systems. However, the controllable synthesis of graphene-based nanocomposites with tunable morphologies is far less reported. In this work, we report the fabrication of V2O5 and reduced graphene oxide composites with nanosheet or nanoparticle-assembled subunits by adjusting the solvothermal solution. As cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the nanosheet-assembled V2O5/graphene composite exhibits better rate capability and long-term cycling stability. The V2O5/graphene composites can deliver discharge capacities of 133, 131, and 122 mAh g(-1) at 16 C, 32 C, and 64 C, respectively, in the voltage range of 2.5-4.0 V vs. Li/Li(+). Moreover, the electrodes can retain 85% of their original capacity at 1C rate after 500 cycles. The superior electrochemical performances are attributed to the porous structures created by the connected V2O5 nanosheets and the electron conductivity improvement by graphene.

  19. Event-by-event $v_2$ correlations of soft hadrons and heavy mesons in heavy ion collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Prado, Caio A G; Suaide, Alexandre A P; Noronha, Jorge; Munhoz, Marcelo G; Cosentino, Mauro R

    2016-01-01

    In this paper heavy quark energy loss models are embedded in full event-by-event viscous hydrodynamic simulations to investigate the nuclear suppression factor and flow harmonics of heavy flavor mesons in PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV in the $p_T$ range 8-30 GeV. In our model calculations, the $R_\\text{AA}$ of D$^0$ and B$^0$ mesons are nearly identical and this approximate flavor independence is carried over to the flow harmonics. We present the first calculations of the heavy flavor flow cumulants $v_2\\{2\\}$ and $v_3\\{2\\}$ (and also discuss $v_2\\{4\\}$), which indicate that bottom quarks can flow as much as charm quarks at high $p_T$. Event-shape engineering techniques are used to compute the event-by-event correlation between the soft hadron $v_2$ and the heavy meson $v_2$. We predict a linear correlation between these observables on an event-by-event basis.

  20. Metallic fuels for advanced reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmack, W. J.; Porter, D. L.; Chang, Y. I.; Hayes, S. L.; Meyer, M. K.; Burkes, D. E.; Lee, C. B.; Mizuno, T.; Delage, F.; Somers, J.

    2009-07-01

    In the framework of the Generation IV Sodium Fast Reactor Program, the Advanced Fuel Project has conducted an evaluation of the available fuel systems supporting future sodium cooled fast reactors. This paper presents an evaluation of metallic alloy fuels. Early US fast reactor developers originally favored metal alloy fuel due to its high fissile density and compatibility with sodium. The goal of fast reactor fuel development programs is to develop and qualify a nuclear fuel system that performs all of the functions of a conventional fast spectrum nuclear fuel while destroying recycled actinides. This will provide a mechanism for closure of the nuclear fuel cycle. Metal fuels are candidates for this application, based on documented performance of metallic fast reactor fuels and the early results of tests currently being conducted in US and international transmutation fuel development programs.

  1. A model of reactor kinetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, A.S.; Thompson, B.R.

    1988-09-01

    The analytical model of nuclear reactor transients, incorporating both mechanical and nuclear effects, simulates reactor kinetics. Linear analysis shows the stability borderline for small power perturbations. In a stable system, initial power disturbances die out with time. With an unstable combination of nuclear and mechanical characteristics, initial disturbances persist and may increase with time. With large instability, oscillations of great magnitude occur. Stability requirements set limits on the power density at which particular reactors can operate. The limiting power density depends largely on the product of two terms: the fraction of delayed neutrons and the frictional damping of vibratory motion in reactor core components. As the fraction of delayed neutrons is essentially fixed, mechanical damping largely determines the maximum power density. A computer program, based on the analytical model, calculates and plots reactor power as a nonlinear function of time in response to assigned values of mechanical and nuclear characteristics.

  2. Engineering reactors for catalytic reactions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Vivek V Ranade

    2014-03-01

    Catalytic reactions are ubiquitous in chemical and allied industries. A homogeneous or heterogeneous catalyst which provides an alternative route of reaction with lower activation energy and better control on selectivity can make substantial impact on process viability and economics. Extensive studies have been conducted to establish sound basis for design and engineering of reactors for practising such catalytic reactions and for realizing improvements in reactor performance. In this article, application of recent (and not so recent) developments in engineering reactors for catalytic reactions is discussed. Some examples where performance enhancement was realized by catalyst design, appropriate choice of reactor, better injection and dispersion strategies and recent advances in process intensification/ multifunctional reactors are discussed to illustrate the approach.

  3. Unsteady processes in catalytic reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matros, Yu.Sh.

    1985-01-01

    In recent years a realization has occurred that reaction and reactor dynamics must be considered when designing and operating catalytic reactors. In this book, the author has focussed on both the processes occurring on individual porous-catalyst particles as well as the phenomena displayed by collections of these particles in fixed-bed reactors. The major topics discussed include the effects of unsteady-state heat and mass transfer, the influence of inhomogeneities and stagnant regions in fixed beds, and reactor operation during forced cycling of operating conditions. Despite the title of the book, attention is also paid to the determination of the number and stability of fixed-bed steady states, with the aim of describing the possibility of controlling reactors at unstable steady states. However, this development is somewhat dated, given the recent literature on multiplicity phenomena and process control.

  4. Antineutrino Monitoring of Thorium Reactors

    CERN Document Server

    Akindele, Oluwatomi A; Norman, Eric B

    2015-01-01

    Various groups have demonstrated that antineutrino monitoring can be successful in assessing the plutonium content in water-cooled nuclear reactors for nonproliferation applications. New reactor designs and concepts incorporate nontraditional fuels types and chemistry. Understanding how these properties affect the antineutrino emission from a reactor can extend the applicability of antineutrino monitoring.Thorium molten salt reactors (MSR) breed U-233, that if diverted constitute an IAEA direct use material. The antineutrino spectrum from the fission of U-233 has been determined, the feasibility of detecting the diversion of a significant quantity, 8 kg of U-233, within the IAEA timeliness goal of 30 days has been evaluated. The antineutrino emission from a thorium reactor operating under normal conditions is compared to a diversion scenario at a 25 meter standoff by evaluating the daily antineutrino count rate and the energy spectrum of the detected antineutrinos. It was found that the diversion of a signifi...

  5. Full-potential LMTO study on the electronic structure of heavy-fermion compound LiV2O4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN; Mingqiu(谭明秋); TAO; Xjangming(陶向明); HE; Junhui(何军辉)

    2002-01-01

    The electronic structure of heavy fermion compound LiV2O4 has been calculated using a self-consistent full-potential LMTO method. The results show that the conduction bands in this com pound are formed from V 3 d states with a bandwidth of 2.5 eV. The symmetric characteristics of con duction bands are of t2g in principle. The energy gap between conduction bands and fully occupied oxygen 2 p bands is 1.9 eV. The band dispersions near Fermi energy display complicated structures.Furthermore, the N(EF) and γcal are 11.1 (states/eV/f. u. ) and 26.7 mJ/mol@ K2 determined numer ically by LDA calculation, respectively. It is insufficient to clarify the origin of local moment in LiV2O4 from plain LDA calculations. In addition to the above LDA calculation, we also found a LSDA solution of LiV2O4 that is lower in total energy than that of LDA calculation. Similarly, LSDA + GGA calculation yields almost the identical result as that in LSDA. We conclude that the mechanism responsible for heavy fermion properties in LiV2O4 might be somewhat different from the plain Kondo mechanism in conventional 4 f and 5 f heavy fermion compounds and perhaps the quantum transition might play an adequate role in heavy-fermion behaviors in LiV2O4.

  6. Identification of novel CYP4V2 gene mutations in 92 Chinese families with Bietti’s crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xiao Hong; Guo, Hong; Xu, Hai Wei; Li, Qi You; Jin, Xin; Bai, Yun; Li, Shi Ying

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To characterize the spectrum of CYP4V2 gene mutations in 92 unrelated Chinese probands with Bietti’s crystalline dystrophy (BCD) and to describe the molecular and clinical characteristics of four novel CYP4V2 mutations associated with BCD. Methods All study participants underwent a complete ophthalmological examination. Mutational screening of CYP4V2 coding regions and flanking intron sequences was examined via directional Sanger sequencing, with allele separation confirmed by screening other family members. Subsequent in silico analysis of the mutational consequence on protein function was undertaken, with the impact of the novel mutation on pre-mRNA splicing examined via RT–PCR. Results Fifteen disease-causing variants were identified in 92 probands with BCD, including four novel mutations and eleven previously reported mutations. The most prevalent mutation was c.802_810del17insGC, which was detected in 69 unrelated families, with an allele frequency of 52.7% (97/184). Homozygosity was revealed in 35 unrelated families, and compound heterozygosity was observed in 43 subjects. Four patients harbored four novel variants, with these mutations cosegregated within all affected individuals and were not found in unaffected family members and 100 unrelated controls. Transcriptional analysis of a novel splice mutation revealed altered RNA splicing. In silico analysis predicted that the missense variant, p.Tyr343Asp, disrupted the CYP4V2 surface electrostatic potential distribution and spatial conformation. Among the patients with four novel mutations, genotype did not always correlate with age at onset, disease course, or electroretinogram (ERG) changes, with phenotypic variations even noted within the same genotype. Conclusions The c.802_810del17insCG mutation was the most common mutation in the 92 Chinese probands with BCD examined. Four novel mutations were identified, contributing to the spectrum of CYP4V2 mutations associated with BCD, with no clear link

  7. Identification and population history of CYP4V2 mutations in patients with Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Xiaodong; Li, Anren; Jin, Zi-Bing; Wang, Xinjing; Iannaccone, Alessandro; Traboulsi, Elias I; Gorin, Michael B; Simonelli, Francesca; Hejtmancik, J Fielding

    2017-01-04

    To identify known and novel CYP4V2 mutations in patients with Bietti crystalline cornea (BCD), expand the spectrum of CYP4V2 mutations, and characterize the population history of the c.802-8_810del17insGC mutation common in Asian populations, genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood samples from 58 unrelated patients with clinical diagnoses of BCD. Exons and flanking intronic regions of the CYP4V2 gene were dideoxy DNA sequenced. Nonpathogenic polymorphisms were excluded and known mutations were identified by sequencing 192 unaffected individuals from similar ethnic backgrounds and examination of online databases. The age of the c.802-8_810del17insGC mutation was estimated using three independent approaches. A total of 28 CYP4V2 mutations, 9 of which were novel, were detected in the 58 patients with BCD. These included 19 missense, 4 nonsense, 2 deletion, 2 splice site, and 1 insertion-deletion mutations. Two missense variants of uncertain significance were also detected. The age of the c.802-8_810del17insGC mutation was estimated to be 1040-8200 generations in the Chinese and 300-1100 generations in the Japanese populations. These results expand the mutation spectrum of CYP4V2, and provide insight into the origin of the c.802-8_810del17insGC mutation in the Chinese population and its transmission to the Japanese population.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 4 January 2017; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2016.184.

  8. K2O对合成 DMC用 Cu-Ni/V2O5-SiO2催化剂性能的影响%Effect of K2O on Properties of Cu-Ni/V2O5-SiO2 Catalyst for the Synthesis of Dimethyl Carbonate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎汉生; 钟顺和; 王建伟; 肖秀芬

    2001-01-01

    V2O5-SiO2(VSiO) supported Cu-Ni-K2O catalysts for the synthesis of dimethyl carbonate were prepared using isovolumic impregnation. Based on TPR,TPD, IR and micro-reactor techniques, the effect of K2O on the adsorption and reaction of CO2 and CH3OH on the catalyst were characterized. The results show that addition of K2O exerts obvious influence on the charge distribution of the active sites on Cu-Ni/VSiO catalyst,increases the intensities of CO2 horizontal adsorption state, while that of the dissociation state of methanol descends. When the ratio of K is above 15 % , K2CO3 is formed on the catalyst. Moreover,the main reaction products of CO2 and CH3OH on Cu-Ni-K2O/VSiO catalyst are still DMC, H2O, CO and CH2O,and with the addition of K2O, the conversion of reactants rise, but the selectivity of by-products decreases.

  9. The Lma MSW Solution of the Solar Neutrino Problem, Inverted Neutrino Mass Hierarchy and Reactor Neutrino Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Petcov, S T

    2002-01-01

    In the context of three-neutrino oscillations, we study the possibility of using antineutrinos from nuclear reactors to explore the $10^-4 eV^2 < \\Delta m^2_{\\odot} \\ltap 8\\times 10^-4 eV^2$ region of the LMA MSW solution of the solar neutrino problem. The KamLAND experiment is not expected to determine $\\Delta m^2_{\\odot}$ if the latter happens to lie in the indicated region. By analysing both the total event rate suppression and the energy spectrum distortion caused by $\\bar{\

  10. Licensed reactor nuclear safety criteria applicable to DOE reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-01

    This document is a compilation and source list of nuclear safety criteria that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) applies to licensed reactors; it can be used by DOE and DOE contractors to identify NRC criteria to be evaluated for application to the DOE reactors under their cognizance. The criteria listed are those that are applied to the areas of nuclear safety addressed in the safety analysis report of a licensed reactor. They are derived from federal regulations, USNRC regulatory guides, Standard Review Plan (SRP) branch technical positions and appendices, and industry codes and standards.

  11. University Reactor Conversion Lessons Learned Workshop for Purdue University Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric C. Woolstenhulme; Dana M. Hewit

    2008-09-01

    The Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, under its programmatic responsibility for managing the University Research Reactor Conversions, has completed the conversion of the reactor at Purdue University Reactor. With this work completed and in anticipation of other impending conversion projects, the INL convened and engaged the project participants in a structured discussion to capture the lessons learned. The lessons learned process has allowed us to capture gaps, opportunities, and good practices, drawing from the project team’s experiences. These lessons will be used to raise the standard of excellence, effectiveness, and efficiency in all future conversion projects.

  12. Neutronic Reactor Shield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fermi, Enrico; Zinn, Walter H.

    The argument of the present Patent is a radiation shield suitable for protection of personnel from both gamma rays and neutrons. Such a shield from dangerous radiations is achieved to the best by the combined action of a neutron slowing material (a moderator) and a neutron absorbing material. Hydrogen is particularly effective for this shield since it is a good absorber of slow neutrons and a good moderator of fast neutrons. The neutrons slowed down by hydrogen may, then, be absorbed by other materials such as boron, cadmium, gadolinium, samarium or steel. Steel is particularly convenient for the purpose, given its effectiveness in absorbing also the gamma rays from the reactor (both primary gamma rays and secondary ones produced by the moderation of neutrons). In particular, in the present Patent a shield is described, made of alternate layers of steel and Masonite (an hydrolized ligno-cellulose material). The object of the present Patent is not discussed in any other published paper.

  13. Neutrino Experiments at Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reines, F.; Gurr, H. S.; Jenkins, T. L.; Munsee, J. H.

    1968-09-09

    A description is given of the electron-antineutrino program using a large fission reactor. A search has been made for a neutral weak interaction via the reaction (electron antineutrino + d .> p + n + electron antineutrino), the reaction (electron antineutrino + d .> n + n + e{sup +}) has now been detected, and an effort is underway to observe the elastic scattering reaction (electron antineutrino + e{sup -} .> electron antineutrino + e{sup -}) as well as to measure more precisely the reaction (electron antineutrino + p .> n + e{sup+}). The upper limit on the elastic scattering reaction which we have obtained with our large composite NaI, plastic, liquid scintillation detector is now about 50 times the predicted value.

  14. Die Forging Process of W6Mo5Cr4V2 Blank of Gear shaping Cutter%W6Mo5Cr4V2插齿刀毛坯的胎模锻造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯澍

    2009-01-01

    高速钢具有很高的耐热性能,在高温下强度高,变形抗力大,增加了锻造成形的难度.目前,国内齿轮切削刀具大多采用W6MoSCr4V2高速钢材料制成,材料锻造主要以改善刀具毛坯碳化偏析程度为主.本文通过实验研究,提出了在保证W6MoSCr4.V2高速钢合格碳化物等级的前提下对刀具毛坯进行胎模锻造成形的方法.

  15. Single π+ electroproduction on the proton in the first and second resonance regions at 0.25GeV2V2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egiyan, H.; Aznauryan, I. G.; Burkert, V. D.; Griffioen, K. A.; Joo, K.; Minehart, R.; Smith, L. C.; Adams, G.; Ambrozewicz, P.; Anciant, E.; Anghinolfi, M.; Asavapibhop, B.; Audit, G.; Auger, T.; Avakian, H.; Bagdasaryan, H.; Ball, J. P.; Baltzel, N.; Barrow, S.; Battaglieri, M.; Beard, K.; Bektasoglu, M.; Bellis, M.; Benmouna, N.; Bianchi, N.; Biselli, A. S.; Boiarinov, S.; Bonner, B. E.; Bouchigny, S.; Bradford, R.; Branford, D.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brooks, W. K.; Butuceanu, C.; Calarco, J. R.; Careccia, S. L.; Carman, D. S.; Carnahan, B.; Cetina, C.; Chen, S.; Cole, P. L.; Coleman, A.; Cords, D.; Corvisiero, P.; Crabb, D.; Crannell, H.; Cummings, J. P.; Desanctis, E.; Devita, R.; Degtyarenko, P. V.; Denizli, H.; Dennis, L.; Dharmawardane, K. V.; Djalali, C.; Dodge, G. E.; Donnely, J.; Doughty, D.; Dragovitsch, P.; Dugger, M.; Dytman, S.; Dzyubak, O. P.; Eckhause, M.; Egiyan, K. S.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Empl, A.; Eugenio, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedotov, G.; Feldman, G.; Feuerbach, R. J.; Forest, T. A.; Funsten, H.; Gaff, S. J.; Gai, M.; Gavalian, G.; Gilad, S.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girard, P.; Goetz, G. T.; Gordon, C. I.; Gothe, R.; Guidal, M.; Guillo, M.; Guler, N.; Guo, L.; Gyurjyan, V.; Hadjidakis, C.; Hakobyan, R. S.; Hardie, J.; Heddle, D.; Hersman, F. W.; Hicks, K.; Hicks, R. S.; Hleiqawi, I.; Holtrop, M.; Hu, J.; Hyde-Wright, C. E.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B.; Ito, M. M.; Jenkins, D.; Juengst, H. G.; Kelley, J. H.; Kellie, J. D.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, K. Y.; Kim, K.; Kim, M. S.; Kim, W.; Klein, A.; Klein, F. J.; Klimenko, A. V.; Klusman, M.; Kossov, M.; Kramer, L. H.; Kuang, Y.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuhn, S. E.; Kuhn, J.; Lachniet, J.; Laget, J. M.; Langheinrich, J.; Lawrence, D.; Li, Ji; Livingston, K.; Longhi, A.; Lukashin, K.; Manak, J. J.; Marchand, C.; McAleer, S.; McKinnon, B.; McNabb, J. W.; Mecking, B. A.; Mehrabyan, S.; Melone, J. J.; Mestayer, M. D.; Meyer, C. A.; Mikhailov, K.; Mirazita, M.; Miskimen, R.; Mokeev, V.; Morand, L.; Morrow, S. A.; Muccifora, V.; Mueller, J.; Murphy, L. Y.; Mutchler, G. S.; Napolitano, J.; Nasseripour, R.; Nelson, S. O.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Niczyporuk, B. B.; Niyazov, R. A.; Nozar, M.; O'Rielly, G. V.; Osipenko, M.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Peterson, G.; Philips, S. A.; Pivnyuk, N.; Pocanic, D.; Pogorelko, O.; Polli, E.; Pozdniakov, S.; Preedom, B. M.; Price, J. W.; Prok, Y.; Protopopescu, D.; Qin, L. M.; Raue, B. A.; Riccardi, G.; Ricco, G.; Ripani, M.; Ritchie, B. G.; Ronchetti, F.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Rowntree, D.; Rubin, P. D.; Sabatié, F.; Sabourov, K.; Salgado, C.; Santoro, J. P.; Sapunenko, V.; Sargsyan, M.; Schumacher, R. A.; Serov, V. S.; Shafi, A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Shaw, J.; Simionatto, S.; Skabelin, A. V.; Smith, E. S.; Sober, D. I.; Spraker, M.; Stavinsky, A.; Stepanyan, S.; Stoler, P.; Strakovsky, I. I.; Strauch, S.; Taiuti, M.; Taylor, S.; Tedeschi, D. J.; Thoma, U.; Thompson, R.; Tkabladze, A.; Todor, L.; Tur, C.; Ungaro, M.; Vineyard, M. F.; Vlassov, A. V.; Wang, K.; Weinstein, L. B.; Weller, H.; Weygand, D. P.; Whisnant, C. S.; Wolin, E.; Wood, M. H.; Yegneswaran, A.; Yun, J.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, J.; Zhou, Z.

    2006-02-01

    The ep→e'π+n reaction was studied in the first and second nucleon resonance regions in the 0.25 GeV2V2 range by use of the CLAS detector at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. For the first time, to our knowledge, the absolute cross sections were measured, covering nearly the full angular range in the hadronic center-of-mass frame. We extracted the structure functions σTL,σTT, and the linear combination σT+ɛσL by fitting the ϕ dependence of the measured cross sections and compared them with the MAID and Sato-Lee models.

  16. Reactor service life extension program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caskey, G.R.; Sindelar, R.L.; Ondrejcin, R.S.; Baumann, E.W.

    1990-12-31

    A review of the Savannah River Site production reactor systems was initiated in 1980 and led to implementation of the Reactor Materials Program in 1984 to assess reactor safety and reactor service life. The program evaluated performance of the reactor tanks, primary coolant piping, and thermal shields, components of welded construction that were fabricated from Type 304 stainless steel. The structural integrity analysis of the primary coolant system has shown that the pressure boundary is not susceptible to gross rupture, including a double ended guillotine break or equivalent large area bank. Residual service life is potentially limited by two material degradation modes, irradiation damage and intergranular stress corrosion cracking. Analysis of the structural integrity of the tanks and piping has shown that continued safe operation of the reactors for several additional decades is not limited by the material performance of the primary coolant system. Although irradiation damage has not degraded material behavior to an unacceptable level, past experience has revealed serious difficulties with repair welding on irradiated stainless steel. Stress corrosion can be mitigated by newly identified limits on impurity concentrations in the coolant water and by stress mitigation of weld residual stresses. Work continues in several areas: the effects of helium on mechanical behavior of irradiated stainless steel; improved weld methods for piping and the reactor tanks; and a surveillance program to track irradiation effects on the tank walls.

  17. Reactor service life extension program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caskey, G.R.; Sindelar, R.L.; Ondrejcin, R.S.; Baumann, E.W.

    1990-01-01

    A review of the Savannah River Site production reactor systems was initiated in 1980 and led to implementation of the Reactor Materials Program in 1984 to assess reactor safety and reactor service life. The program evaluated performance of the reactor tanks, primary coolant piping, and thermal shields, components of welded construction that were fabricated from Type 304 stainless steel. The structural integrity analysis of the primary coolant system has shown that the pressure boundary is not susceptible to gross rupture, including a double ended guillotine break or equivalent large area bank. Residual service life is potentially limited by two material degradation modes, irradiation damage and intergranular stress corrosion cracking. Analysis of the structural integrity of the tanks and piping has shown that continued safe operation of the reactors for several additional decades is not limited by the material performance of the primary coolant system. Although irradiation damage has not degraded material behavior to an unacceptable level, past experience has revealed serious difficulties with repair welding on irradiated stainless steel. Stress corrosion can be mitigated by newly identified limits on impurity concentrations in the coolant water and by stress mitigation of weld residual stresses. Work continues in several areas: the effects of helium on mechanical behavior of irradiated stainless steel; improved weld methods for piping and the reactor tanks; and a surveillance program to track irradiation effects on the tank walls.

  18. ReefGrow v2.0: A classroom tool for visualizing the processes controlling coral reef development and demise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, A. C.; Clague, D.; Webster, J.; Berger, W.; Schramm, R.; Winterer, J.

    2004-12-01

    Understanding the complex interplay between coral reef growth, sea-level variations and tectonics is a major challenge in paleoclimate research. A continuing challenge for students is how to visualize the complex interplay of different geological processes through time. The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) has developed ReefGrow v2.0, a Java-based program that numerically models and displays coral reef growth in 2D. The program was developed initially as a research tool but has educational applications as well. Based on straightforward mathematical algorithms, ReefGrow v2.0, realistically "grows" reefs in response to different variables (including subsidence or uplift rate, coral growth rate, sedimentation rate, dissolution rate when the reef is subaerially exposed). The program can import a bathymetric profile to use as the substrate, can import different sea level curves, and can vary the subsidence, or uplift, rates as a function of distance from the shoreline. A major strength of ReefGrow v2.0 is its simple graphical interface, allowing variables to be changed and their impacts on reef development readily assessed. Students are able to view the models' output in the form of a dynamic 2D cross section that steps forward or back through time. To illustrate its use, we applied ReefGrow v2.0 to a "real world" situation using published data from drowned fossil coral reefs that grew on the subsiding flanks of Hawaii over the last 500 ka. ReefGrow v.2.0 was able to realistically model the number and morphology of the reef terraces. The models can be used to constrain the timing of coral reef drowning, the rate and shape of island subsidence, the timing of subaerial exposure of each reef, and the rate of coral growth required to mimic the morphology of the reef. The cross section shows the internal structure of the reef. The program can also be used to forward model reef growth in response to future climate change that causes sea-level rise, or

  19. A Querying Method over RDF-ized Health Level Seven v2.5 Messages Using Life Science Knowledge Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background Health level seven version 2.5 (HL7 v2.5) is a widespread messaging standard for information exchange between clinical information systems. By applying Semantic Web technologies for handling HL7 v2.5 messages, it is possible to integrate large-scale clinical data with life science knowledge resources. Objective Showing feasibility of a querying method over large-scale resource description framework (RDF)-ized HL7 v2.5 messages using publicly available drug databases. Methods We developed a method to convert HL7 v2.5 messages into the RDF. We also converted five kinds of drug databases into RDF and provided explicit links between the corresponding items among them. With those linked drug data, we then developed a method for query expansion to search the clinical data using semantic information on drug classes along with four types of temporal patterns. For evaluation purpose, medication orders and laboratory test results for a 3-year period at the University of Tokyo Hospital were used, and the query execution times were measured. Results Approximately 650 million RDF triples for medication orders and 790 million RDF triples for laboratory test results were converted. Taking three types of query in use cases for detecting adverse events of drugs as an example, we confirmed these queries were represented in SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) using our methods and comparison with conventional query expressions were performed. The measurement results confirm that the query time is feasible and increases logarithmically or linearly with the amount of data and without diverging. Conclusions The proposed methods enabled query expressions that separate knowledge resources and clinical data, thereby suggesting the feasibility for improving the usability of clinical data by enhancing the knowledge resources. We also demonstrate that when HL7 v2.5 messages are automatically converted into RDF, searches are still possible through SPARQL without

  20. Assessment of torsatrons as reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyon, J.F. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Painter, S.L. (Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia))

    1992-12-01

    Stellarators have significant operational advantages over tokamaks as ignited steady-state reactors because stellarators have no dangerous disruptions and no need for continuous current drive or power recirculated to the plasma, both easing the first wall, blanket, and shield design; less severe constraints on the plasma parameters and profiles; and better access for maintenance. This study shows that a reactor based on the torsatron configuration (a stellarator variant) could also have up to double the mass utilization efficiency (MUE) and a significantly lower cost of electricity (COE) than a conventional tokamak reactor (ARIES-I) for a range of assumptions. Torsatron reactors can have much smaller coil systems than tokamak reactors because the coils are closer to the plasma and they have a smaller cross section (higher average current density because of the lower magnetic field). The reactor optimization approach and the costing and component models are those used in the current stage of the ARIES-I tokamak reactor study. Typical reactor parameters for a 1-GW(e) Compact Torsatron reactor example are major radius R[sub 0] = 6.6-8.8 m, on-axis magnetic field B[sup 0] = 4.8-7.5 T, B[sub max] (on coils) = 16 T, MUE 140-210 kW(e)/tonne, and COE (in constant 1990 dollars) = 67-79 mill/kW(e)h. The results are relatively sensitive to assumptions on the level of confinement improvement and the blanket thickness under the inboard half of the helical windings but relatively insensitive to other assumptions.