WorldWideScience

Sample records for doors wide open

  1. Golden Jubilee Photos: Doors wide open

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ The reception area and visits desk (formerly PIO - Public Information Office) in 1972. Régine Chareyron (on the right), who has worked for the Visits Service for 35 years, is pictured here with Chantal Montuel and Cora Roth. CERN inaugurated its permanent visitor centre "Microcosm" in 1989. This brand new outreach facility added a crowning touch to CERN's tradition of openness in conducting its research activities. In keeping with Article II of the Convention, which stipulates that "the results of its (...) work shall be published or otherwise made available," CERN was already organising visits for the general public in the late 1950s, with members of the personnel doubling up as voluntary tour guides. By 1959, the Laboratory was opening its doors to almost 2 500 visitors a year. Ten years down the line, that number had risen to 12 700, and today CERN welcomes some 30 000 visitors through its doors every year. In addition, the Visits Service has developed teaching packs for sc...

  2. China opens the door

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starke, K.

    1997-01-01

    The door to China`s vast market for power generation was opened a bit further for foreign firms in November. That is when power ministry head Shi Dazhen said the country would rely on overseas investors for 20 percent of the funding needed to boost output--double the amount foreigners were previously allowed to contribute. Through 1995, foreigners invested $12.2 billion in China`s electricity industry, accounting for 10 percent of total investment. According to Shi, foreign investors will be asked to provide about $17 billion of the $84 billion China plans to invest in the sector over the next five years. Under China`s Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996-2000), the government aims to boost the country`s power generation capacity at the rate of 15,000 MW to 20,000 MW annually by the year 2000. Since China`s public external debt balance already exceeds $80 billion, however, the government would seem to have little choice but to allow foreigners a greater role. Shi also said that foreigners would be allowed 100 percent ownership of PRC power projects. This is discouraged under China`s current industry guidelines. It is, however, expected to be permitted under China`s first build-operate-transfer (BOT) law, which was anticipated by the end of 1996, says Susan Urkevich, director of project finance at HSBC Investment Bank Asia in Hong Kong. Indeed, China`s first BOT is already happening.

  3. Project Open Door. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verheyden-Hilliard, Mary Ellen

    The major purpose of Project Open Door was to design, develop, test, and disseminate a portable module for vocational educators and others to use with junior high school students in pre-vocational exploration free of sex stereotyping. The module produced contained a slide presentation with accompanying cassette tape and a leader's guide. An…

  4. September 2013: the doors open

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    Three special days and one public open day: at the end of September our Laboratory will open its doors to visitors from CERN, the local region and all over the world. With over 150,000 visitors expected in total, the organisation of the OpenDays is a challenge that a core team of eleven people have taken up with enthusiasm.   They come from several departments but share one goal: making the last four days of September an unforgettable experience for all the visitors who will come to discover the Laboratory and its scientists. The core team in charge of the organisation of the events is co-ordinated by Hermann Schmickler. “The events are an opportunity for us to celebrate  the discoveries, the excellent performance of the technical installations and the vital contribution of all the CERN personnel, the thousands of users and those working under support contracts,” says Hermann Schmickler. The four-day programme will start on Friday 27 September with an “...

  5. Opening the doors: building brand awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    John, Judith; McCartney, Rob

    2006-01-01

    In search of a credible and cost-effective way to promote Mount Sinai Hospital (Mount Sinai) and educate a broad public, Mount Sinai opened its doors wide to The Globe and Mail (The Globe). The result was a three-part national feature series that told Mount Sinai's compelling story, provided third-party credibility and confirmed the value of proactive media relations. The series engaged our staff, energized our volunteers and reached both stakeholders and the general public on an emotional level. It also generated the more than dollars 6 million worth of equivalent advertising space it would have required for Mount Sinai to reach this national audience.

  6. Opening the door to innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuurman, Janine; Graus, Yvo F; Labrijn, Aran F; Ruuls, Sigrid; Parren, Paul W H I

    2014-01-01

    Open innovation is the new buzz, with initiatives popping up left and right. Here, we give a personal perspective on a very successful, knowledge-driven innovation initiated in an academia- industry alliance, which culminated in technology platforms that enable the generation of therapeutic antibodies with novel properties. To start, we provide a general background on open innovation in the drug development field.

  7. Ombuds’ corner: Open door and confidentiality

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2013-01-01

    For the Open Days, CERN will be transparent for all visitors. It's also the occasion to remember that the Ombuds' door is fully open every day of the year for all persons working for or on behalf of CERN.   The door is open, but as soon as it's closed for a discussion, the office becomes a place where total confidentiality is preserved. This may appear as a contradiction, no? The Ombuds is available to help everyone in all circumstances, but his clause of confidentiality prevents him from acting without the consent of his “visitors”. How can he possibly resolve the in-house conflicts in groups, or units, if all the parties do not voluntarily participate in its resolution? The answer is clear: the job of the Ombuds is to help the parties resolve their conflict by themselves. He will provide a few rules of communication, a process of mutual respect, suggest some possibilities that the parties may want to follow, and mediate the dispute so that people...

  8. Failure case of a garage door opener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habib, K.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A failure analysis of a garage door opener was conducted for determination of the cause of the failure. The analysis included visual inspections of broken parts as well as electron microscopy examinations of the fracture surface. The visual inspections showed that a bolt connected to the inner trolley of the garage opener assembly was initially fractured. Also, the results of electron microscopy examinations revealed that the broken bolt failed by fatigue damage phenomenon, due to alternating torsional stresses throughout 25 years of an operational life of the garage opener. In addition, a mathematical model corresponding to the failure mechanism was derived along the failure analysis. The model comprises of both design philosophy and fracture mechanics approaches.

    Se analizó el fallo del mecanismo de apertura de una puerta de garaje con el fin de determinar sus causas. El análisis incluyó una inspección visual de las piezas rotas así como un examen mediante microscopía de la superficie de fractura. La inspección visual reveló que primero se fracturó un perno conectado al carro interior del mecanismo de apertura. Los resultados del análisis por microscopía electrónica también mostraron que el perno roto falló debido a fenómenos de daño por fatiga, debido a los esfuerzos torsionales alternos a la largo de 25 años de vida en servicio del mecanismo de apertura. Por otra parte, se construyó un modelo matemático correspondiente al mecanismo de rotura durante el análisis del mismo. Este modelo comprende enfoques, tanto de la filosofía de diseño como de la mecánica de fractura.

  9. From "Closing Doors" to "Opening Doors": Exploring gender and subject choice in UK schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Ann

    2015-12-01

    Two reports drawing on the National (English) Pupil Database are discussed: the It's Different for Girls and the Closing Doors reports (2012 and 2013, respectively), both of which examine the experience of girls studying physics in England. The UK government has responded to these studies by launching the "Opening Doors" project (June 2014), which will focus on a whole-school approach to addressing gender imbalance in progression to post-16 studies.

  10. SOFIA Closed- and Open-Door Aerodynamic Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumming, Stephen; Frederick, Mike; Smith, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Work to evaluate the aerodynamic characteristics and the cavity acoustic environment of the SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) airplane has been completed. The airplane has been evaluated in its closed-door configuration, as well as several open-door configurations. Work performed included: acoustic analysis tool development, cavity acoustic evaluation, stability and control parameter estimation, air data calibration, and external flow evaluation. Qualitative airflow data were obtained during the closed- and open-door flights using tufts on the aft portion of the fuselage. Video was taken from a chase plane. This video was analyzed for various flight conditions, and general flow descriptions of the aft fuselage of the 747SP were developed for the different closed and open door configurations.

  11. Door Opening Affects Operating Room Pressure During Joint Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mears, Simon C; Blanding, Renee; Belkoff, Stephen M

    2015-11-01

    Many resources are expended to ensure a sterile operating room environment. Efforts are made to prevent exposure of patients to personnel and to achieve positive room pressure to keep out airborne contaminants. Foot traffic into and out of the operating room during surgery can undermine these efforts. The authors investigated the number and duration of operating room door openings during hip and knee arthroplasty procedures and the effect of the door openings on room pressure. They tested the hypothesis that door openings defeat positive pressure, permitting air flow into the room. Room pressure and door status were monitored electronically during 191 hip and knee arthroplasty procedures. Operating room staff were unaware that data were being collected. The authors evaluated the data with regression analysis to determine whether the number and duration of door openings had an effect on room pressure. Significance was set at Poperating room. Total time with the door open significantly affected the minimum pressure recorded in the room (Poperating room sterility. The causes of excessive operating room traffic must be evaluated to identify ways to reduce this traffic and the associated risks.

  12. Knocking on a wide open door

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Chinese policies to gain access to resources and markets, but also the consequence of liberal African investment policies imposed by Western donors in the past. This article uses Zambia as a case study to challenge the often one-sided view of the local consequences of China's engagement with Africa......The current strong foothold of Chinese enterprises on the African continent concerns many western observers. They fear that the West will lose leverage in Africa and simultaneously postpone development. Paradoxically, the advance of Chinese enterprises in Africa is not only the result of deliberate......, and it shows that we need to consider the type of policies that guide investment flows in order to increase the local benefits of China's growing presence in the continent....

  13. Volunteers: the key that opens the doors for the Open Days

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    2013: the year that CERN opens its doors to the public. 2013 is also the approximate number of volunteers needed to ensure that these Open Days (JPO) go ahead smoothly. Whatever your personnel status and function, you, the volunteers, are the key without which the Laboratory’s doors could not really open. Sign up now!   1,500 of you volunteered for the LHC2008 open days to mark the inauguration of the LHC. This year, with roughly 20% more visitors expected across the CERN sites over the two days, the organisers envisage closer to 2,000 volunteers. “We will be holding a wide variety of activities across the Laboratory’s various sites,” explains Virginie Blondeau, the member of the Open Days organising team in charge of recruiting and training volunteers. “As well as guides for the experiments, we will also need volunteers to welcome and direct visitors, to help with logistics and to man the sales points, etc.” The volunteers will rec...

  14. Facility Accessibility: Opening the Doors to All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Jeffrey C.; Piletic, Cindy K.

    2006-01-01

    A facility developed for fitness, physical activity, recreation, or sport is a vital community resource that contributes to the overall health and wellness of that community's citizens. In order to maximize the benefits derived from these facilities, it is imperative that they be accessible to as wide a range of people as possible. The Americans…

  15. Gates Wide Open

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China vows to further open up its market to spur international and domestic economic development China’s entry into the WTO 10 years a go was a major step in the country’s reform and opening up. It indicated the "beginning of a new historic stage"in the country’s interaction with the rest of the world, said Chinese President Hu Jintao, at a high-level forum marking the 10th anniversary of China’s accession to the

  16. A professional curriculum vitae will open career doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, D S

    1999-01-01

    In today's challenging healthcare environment, it is essential for nurse practitioners to be able to describe themselves professionally on paper to compete for practice and academic opportunities. Nurse practitioners are competing with physician assistants as well as physicians for primary and acute care positions. A carefully compiled curriculum vitae will present the individual in the best light possible to help open career doors and enhance chances of success. Preparing a curriculum vitae will serve to highlight relevant professional accomplishments, whatever the setting, toward the fulfillment of professional goals. This article reviews the current professional print and electronic literature on preparing a curriculum vitae to assist the nurse practitioner in developing this vital document.

  17. Keeping the Doors of Learning Open for Adult Student-Workers within Higher Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Shirley; Abrahams, Mark; Witbooi, Sally

    2015-01-01

    The Freedom Charter of the African National Congress (ANC), the triumphant South African liberation movement, proclaims that "the doors of learning shall be open" for all. Twenty years since coming to power, the doors of the universities are struggling to stay open for adult student-workers. An action research project into implementation…

  18. The CERN Global Network opens its doors to companies

    CERN Multimedia

    Francesco Poppi

    2010-01-01

    Six months after its launch, the CERN Global Network already has almost one thousand members. Today, it is opening its doors to companies from CERN's Member States. This will open up a variety of new professional and career opportunities to all the members and will enhance the networking capabilities of all parties involved.   Screenshot of the CERN Global Network website. A new item has recently appeared on the top menu of the Network's website: “Organisations”. This is the entry point for companies and, later, research institutes, wishing to join. “The CERN Global Network brings together hundreds of people who have worked at or with CERN and who have a wealth of skills and expertise. Thanks to the Network, the job opportunities made available by the companies will become visible to the wider community,” says Linda Orr-Easo, a member of the Knowledge and Technology Transfer Group and the CERN Global Network Manager. In addition to creating new career opp...

  19. Novel Door-opening Method for Six-legged Robots Based on Only Force Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhi-Jun; Gao, Feng; Pan, Yang

    2017-09-01

    Current door-opening methods are mainly developed on tracked, wheeled and biped robots by applying multi-DOF manipulators and vision systems. However, door-opening methods for six-legged robots are seldom studied, especially using 0-DOF tools to operate and only force sensing to detect. A novel door-opening method for six-legged robots is developed and implemented to the six-parallel-legged robot. The kinematic model of the six-parallel-legged robot is established and the model of measuring the positional relationship between the robot and the door is proposed. The measurement model is completely based on only force sensing. The real-time trajectory planning method and the control strategy are designed. The trajectory planning method allows the maximum angle between the sagittal axis of the robot body and the normal line of the door plane to be 45º. A 0-DOF tool mounted to the robot body is applied to operate. By integrating with the body, the tool has 6 DOFs and enough workspace to operate. The loose grasp achieved by the tool helps release the inner force in the tool. Experiments are carried out to validate the method. The results show that the method is effective and robust in opening doors wider than 1 m. This paper proposes a novel door-opening method for six-legged robots, which notably uses a 0-DOF tool and only force sensing to detect and open the door.

  20. LS1 Report: As one door closes, another opens

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony & Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    Across the PS complex - from Linac 2 to TT2 to the accelerator itself - teams have seen the closing of their retro-1980s entryways, and the opening of state-of-the-art access points in compliance with the highest nuclear safety standards.   One of the new PS access points. The new PS access system provides more than just doors. Designed to protect against the radiation hazards and other risks caused by machine operation, the access system will monitor who goes into each zone, check whether or not the individual has the appropriate permissions to be entering, and even stop the beam if access is attempted during beam mode. "These new points provide automatic means to check that the right people are going in and in safe circumstances," says Pierre Ninin, project leader of the PS complex safety system. "All of these checks were previously done manually, so the burden on operators has been significantly reduced." The 19 new access points were successfully insta...

  1. Patterns of post-cabinet careers: When one door closes another door opens?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dörrenbächer, N.

    2016-01-01

    This article tackles the question to what extent former cabinet members go through the so-called revolving door by starting a second career in the private sector, and what factors make them likely to do so. After a cabinet position, career advancement in the political and public sector is difficult.

  2. Implications of China's Open-Door Policy for Families: A Family Impact Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quach, Andrew S.; Anderson, Elaine A.

    2008-01-01

    China's open-door policy (ODP) was created in 1978 as a response to the severe economic depression affecting the country after the Cultural Revolution. The policy was designed to restore China's financial status and lift the nation out of destitution. By all accounts, the ODP has been successful in improving the country's monetary condition.…

  3. Implications of China's Open-Door Policy for Families: A Family Impact Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quach, Andrew S.; Anderson, Elaine A.

    2008-01-01

    China's open-door policy (ODP) was created in 1978 as a response to the severe economic depression affecting the country after the Cultural Revolution. The policy was designed to restore China's financial status and lift the nation out of destitution. By all accounts, the ODP has been successful in improving the country's monetary condition.…

  4. [Changes of sagittal balance of cervical spine after open-door expansive laminoplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shengrong; Zhou, Feifei; Sun, Yu; Chen, Zhongqiang; Zhang, Fengshan; Pan, Shengfa

    2014-09-23

    To explore the changes of sagittal balance of cervical spine after open-door expansive laminoplasty. The clinical and radiological data were analyzed retrospectively for 90 patients undergoing open-door expansive laminoplasty due to cervical spondylotic myelopathy. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and 3 cervical sagittal parameters including C2-C7 SVA, C0-2 Cobb angle and T1-Slope on lateral view radiographs were recorded before operation and at the final follow-up. The average follow-up period was 16.7 (3-40) months. The post-operative JOA score rose to 14.6 ± 0.2 from pre-operative 12.2 ± 0.3 with 43.5% ± 4.2% recovery rate. The post-operative values of C2-C7 SVA, C0-2 Cobb angle and T1-Slope were significantly different from pre-operative ones (P = 0.022, P cervical spine significantly changes after open-door expansive laminoplasty with forward tilting of cervical vertebra. And compensation occurs by excessive high-strength contraction of posterior muscles to maintain lordosis in upper cervical spine. A higher pre-OP T1-Slope affects the outcomes of open-door expansive laminoplasty.

  5. "On the gate of Arctic": Doors open to foreign schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecchiar, Irene

    2015-04-01

    With the increased attention to the changing of the Arctic Region as a consequence of global climate changes, effective science education, outreach and communication need to be higher priorities within the scientific communities. In order to encourage the dissemination of polar research at educational levels Slovene high school students in Trieste were first engaged at school and at the National Museum of Antarctica of Trieste using conferences and laboratory activities to introduce the main polar climate change topics. Then together with three teachers they visited Tromso University (North Norway) for a week. The first aim of this project was to increase awareness of foreign schools on major topics concerning the Arctic issues (from the economic/social to the environmental/climatic point of view). Forty-three high school students were involved in the laboratory activities running at the University of Tromso and participated in seminars. The topics focused on were Ocean Acidification, Global Warming and the combined effects with other anthropogenic stressors. During their stay, students interviewed several scientists in order to allow them to edit a »visiting report«, that was updated every day in their blog and to elaborate all the material collected (photos, videos, data of laboratory work, reports). In Tromso, they were also introduced to the culture and tradition of the Scandinavian indigenous people at the Center of Sami Study. Back in Italy, they published some articles in local newspapers, and then they presented their results at the National Museum of Antarctica of Trieste about all the data elaboration in an open day exhibition with posters, short movies and PowerPoint presentations. All this work was made in order to pass their experience into the world. This was a pilot project, highlighting the role of universities as links between research and outreach. The next step should be to enlarge these kinds of activities to many Schools, Universities and

  6. Influence of hinge position on the effectiveness of open-door expansive laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Jun; XU Tian-tong; SHEN Qing-feng; LI Hui-nan; XIA Ying-peng

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To assess the influence of different hinge positions on clinical results of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).Methods: A total of 102 CSM patients who underwent EOLP from February 2006 to February 2007 were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Using a random digits table,57 patients with the hinge located at the inner margin of the lateral mass were classified as wide-open group, while 45 patients with the hinge positioned at the lamina margin served as narrow-open group. All patients were observed over 24 months, and the clinical and radiological results were analyzed statistically.Results: There were no significant differences in operation duration, intraoperative bleeding volume, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, cervical curvature index, range of motion and neural function recovery rate.The neural functions were satisfactorily improved after surgery in both groups, while the severity of axial symptoms was significantly lower in the narrow-open group than in the wide-open group (P=0.003). The incidence of C5 palsy in the wide-open group was higher than that in the narrowopen group (5.3% vs 0), even though the difference did not reach statistical significance (one tailed Fisher's exact test,P=0.17).Conclusions: Proper inward shift of the hinge can ensure effectiveness of surgical decompression, avoid an excessive backward shift of the spinal cord, decrease the incidence of C5 palsy and alleviate the severity of axial symptoms.

  7. Influence of Geometrical Imperfections on Analyses of Door Openings in Tubular Steel Towers for Wind Turbines.

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Anh Tuan; Veljkovic, Milan, ed. lit.; Rebelo, Carlos; Da Silva, Luís Simões

    2014-01-01

    Towers for wind turbines are very sensitive to geometrical imperfections. Pattern and amplitude of imperfections significantly influence the strength of the towers. Rather limited number of experiments exists on a tubular tower like structure and no experiments are available considering door opening in towers with cylindrical or polygonal cross-section. One of the objectives of the RFCS research project “HIGH STEEL TUBULAR TOWERS FOR WIND TURBINES, HISTIWIN2” was to investigate current practi...

  8. Numerical modeling of cold room's hinged door opening and closing processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, R.; Gaspar, P. D.; Silva, P. D.; Domingues, L. C.

    2016-06-01

    The need of rationalize energy consumption in agrifood industry has fasten the development of methodologies to improve the thermal and energy performances of cold rooms. This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) transient Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of a cold room to evaluate the air infiltration rate through hinged doors. A species transport model is used for modelling the tracer gas concentration decay technique. Numerical predictions indicate that air temperature difference between spaces affects the air infiltration. For this case study, the infiltration rate increases 0.016 m3 s-1 per K of air temperature difference. The knowledge about the evolution of air infiltration during door opening/closing times allows to draw some conclusions about its influence on the air conditions inside the cold room, as well as to suggest best practices and simple technical improvements that can minimize air infiltration, and consequently improve thermal performance and energy consumption rationalization.

  9. Discussion Design of Mechanical Opening Door Device%一种机械式开门装置设计的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕俊

    2012-01-01

    机械开门装置因其具备良好的耐用性和可靠性等特点而被广泛地使用在工程领域中。介绍的一种机械开门装置采用操纵软轴配备连杆机构的结构模式,可作为矿井提升机结构设计的参考。该装置结构简单、操纵灵活,可确保门扇的安全开闭。%The mechanical door operator is widely used in engineering industry with the features of good durability and reliability. The mechanical door operator which is introduced adopts the structure model of manipulation soft bearing with linkage mode, suitable for mine hoist. The device structure is simple, flexible operation, to ensure the safety door open of hoist.

  10. Quality of life in symptomatic cervical myelopathy after open-door laminoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Yuiti Nakao

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results obtained by open-door laminoplasty using the Newbridge(r/Blackstone plate, in cases of myelopathy associated with cervical lordosis.METHODS: From December 2010 to October 2012, eight patients between the ages of 49 and 68 underwent open-door laminoplasty with the use of the Newbridge(r fixation system for maintenance and stabilization of the cervical laminoplasty. Minimum follow-up was four months. For the evaluation of quality of life the questionnaire SF-36 was applied at the following times: preoperative, one month and three months after surgery associated with the subjective assessment of the patient regarding satisfaction with the procedure and with the Nurick neurological scale applied prior to surgery and three months later.RESULTS: According to the SF-36, there was significant improvement in the domains functional ability, general health perceptions and emotional aspects over time; regarding physical limitations and social aspects there was no improvement in the first postoperative month, only in the third month. There were no statistically significant changes observed during the period covered by this study related to pain, vitality and mental health. According to Nurick scale, there was evidence of improvement in symptoms of cervical myelopathy. Based on the subjective evaluation of the patients, surprisingly, all patients were satisfied with the surgical procedure and the results.CONCLUSION: The open-door laminoplasty technique with rigid fixation to maintain the opening is useful in improving the symptoms of cervical myelopathy associated with lordosis, leading to improved quality of life and with a high degree of patient satisfaction and fewer complications.

  11. Different types of door-opening motions as contributing factors to containment failures in hospital isolation rooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Julian W; Nicolle, Andre; Pantelic, Jovan; Klettner, Christian A; Su, Ruikun; Kalliomaki, Petri; Saarinen, Pekka; Koskela, Hannu; Reijula, Kari; Mustakallio, Panu; Cheong, David K W; Sekhar, Chandra; Tham, Kwok Wai

    2013-01-01

    Hospital isolation rooms are vital for the containment (when under negative pressure) of patients with, or the protection (when under positive pressure) of patients, from airborne infectious agents. Such facilities were essential for the management of highly contagious patients during the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreaks and the more recent 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic. Many different types of door designs are used in the construction of such isolation rooms, which may be related to the space available and affordability. Using colored food dye as a tracer, the qualitative effects of door-opening motions on the dissemination of potentially contaminated air into and out of a single isolation room were visualized and filmed using Reynolds-number-equivalent, small-scale, water-tank models fitted with programmable door-opening and moving human figure motions. Careful scaling considerations involved in the design and construction of these water-tank models enabled these results to be accurately extrapolated to the full-scale situation. Four simple types of door design were tested: variable speed single and double, sliding and hinged doors, in combination with the moving human figure. The resulting video footage was edited, synchronized and presented in a series of split-screen formats. From these experiments, it is clear that double-hinged doors pose the greatest risk of leakage into or out of the room, followed by (in order of decreasing risk) single-hinged, double-sliding and single-sliding doors. The relative effect of the moving human figure on spreading any potential contamination was greatest with the sliding doors, as the bulk airflows induced were large relative to those resulting from these door-opening motions. However, with the hinged doors, the airflows induced by these door-opening motions were significantly greater. Further experiments involving a simulated ventilated environment are required, but from these findings alone, it

  12. Different types of door-opening motions as contributing factors to containment failures in hospital isolation rooms.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian W Tang

    Full Text Available Hospital isolation rooms are vital for the containment (when under negative pressure of patients with, or the protection (when under positive pressure of patients, from airborne infectious agents. Such facilities were essential for the management of highly contagious patients during the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS outbreaks and the more recent 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic. Many different types of door designs are used in the construction of such isolation rooms, which may be related to the space available and affordability. Using colored food dye as a tracer, the qualitative effects of door-opening motions on the dissemination of potentially contaminated air into and out of a single isolation room were visualized and filmed using Reynolds-number-equivalent, small-scale, water-tank models fitted with programmable door-opening and moving human figure motions. Careful scaling considerations involved in the design and construction of these water-tank models enabled these results to be accurately extrapolated to the full-scale situation. Four simple types of door design were tested: variable speed single and double, sliding and hinged doors, in combination with the moving human figure. The resulting video footage was edited, synchronized and presented in a series of split-screen formats. From these experiments, it is clear that double-hinged doors pose the greatest risk of leakage into or out of the room, followed by (in order of decreasing risk single-hinged, double-sliding and single-sliding doors. The relative effect of the moving human figure on spreading any potential contamination was greatest with the sliding doors, as the bulk airflows induced were large relative to those resulting from these door-opening motions. However, with the hinged doors, the airflows induced by these door-opening motions were significantly greater. Further experiments involving a simulated ventilated environment are required, but from these findings

  13. Different Types of Door-Opening Motions as Contributing Factors to Containment Failures in Hospital Isolation Rooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Julian W.; Nicolle, Andre; Pantelic, Jovan; Klettner, Christian A.; Su, Ruikun; Kalliomaki, Petri; Saarinen, Pekka; Koskela, Hannu; Reijula, Kari; Mustakallio, Panu; Cheong, David K. W.; Sekhar, Chandra; Tham, Kwok Wai

    2013-01-01

    Hospital isolation rooms are vital for the containment (when under negative pressure) of patients with, or the protection (when under positive pressure) of patients, from airborne infectious agents. Such facilities were essential for the management of highly contagious patients during the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreaks and the more recent 2009 A/H1N1 influenza pandemic. Many different types of door designs are used in the construction of such isolation rooms, which may be related to the space available and affordability. Using colored food dye as a tracer, the qualitative effects of door-opening motions on the dissemination of potentially contaminated air into and out of a single isolation room were visualized and filmed using Reynolds-number-equivalent, small-scale, water-tank models fitted with programmable door-opening and moving human figure motions. Careful scaling considerations involved in the design and construction of these water-tank models enabled these results to be accurately extrapolated to the full-scale situation. Four simple types of door design were tested: variable speed single and double, sliding and hinged doors, in combination with the moving human figure. The resulting video footage was edited, synchronized and presented in a series of split-screen formats. From these experiments, it is clear that double-hinged doors pose the greatest risk of leakage into or out of the room, followed by (in order of decreasing risk) single-hinged, double-sliding and single-sliding doors. The relative effect of the moving human figure on spreading any potential contamination was greatest with the sliding doors, as the bulk airflows induced were large relative to those resulting from these door-opening motions. However, with the hinged doors, the airflows induced by these door-opening motions were significantly greater. Further experiments involving a simulated ventilated environment are required, but from these findings alone, it

  14. Closed windows, open doors: geopolitics and post-1949 mainland Chinese immigration to Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu X-f; Norcliffe, G

    1996-01-01

    "Since 1949 there have been dramatic changes in the flow of migrants from Mainland China to Canada.... Even though Canada in theory opened a window for family reunification in the postwar era by removing long-standing discriminatory clauses blocking Chinese immigration, in practice cold war geopolitics led the Chinese to shut that window, blocking nearly all emigration. Changing geopolitical circumstances led China to develop an open-door policy between 1973 and 1989, leading to increasing flows of migrants to Canada. The political response in Canada to the Tiananmen Square massacre of 1989 was to allow all Chinese students and workers in Canada to stay, if they so wished.... The result was a large inflow making MCIs [mainland Chinese immigrants] the third-largest group of immigrants to Canada in the early 1990s." (EXCERPT)

  15. Profiles of and correlation between objective and subjective outcome assessments following open-door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Feifei; Zhang Yilong; Sun Yu; Zhang Fengshan; Pan Shengfa; Diao Yinze; Chen Xin

    2014-01-01

    Background Open-door laminoplasty is widely used in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).This study aimed to investigate the profiles of and correlation between objective and subjective short-term outcome assessments after open-door laminoplasty for CSM.Methods We retrospectively analyzed surgical outcomes in 129 consecutive CSM patients who underwent open-door laminoplasty in Peking University Third Hospital from February 2008 to November 2011.Both objective and subjective assessments were evaluated before surgery,3 months after surgery,and 1 year after surgery.We then analyzed the profiles of and correlation between objective and subjective short-term outcomes.Results The Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score was significantly improved at 3 months (P<0.01) and 1 year (P<0.01) after surgery.Bivariate Logistic regression showed that sensory improvement contributed more to the recovery rate than motor function improvement at 3 months after surgery,while motor function contributed more to the recovery rate at 1 year after surgery.On the subjective assessment (the short form (SF)-36),there was no significant improvement at 3 months after surgery (P>0.05),while physical function (PF),role-physical (RP),and social function (SF) were notably improved at 1 year after surgery (P<O.01).Improved mJOA score correlated with improvements in PF,RP,bodily pain,general health (GH),vitality (VT),and SF (P<O.05) at 3 months after surgery; PF,GH,VT,and SF were associated with improved mJOA scores at 1 year after surgery.Conclusions Patients benefit from surgery by postoperative restitution of neurological function with early recovery of sensory function,followed by a gradual transition to motor function improvement.At the early stage of recovery,improvement in the mJOA score essentially correlated with improvements in the physical domains of the SF-36,while at the later stage,mJOA score improvement was associated with improvements in both

  16. Open Source Opens Doors: Repurposing Library Software to Facilitate Faculty Research and Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra L. Stump

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE Asked to convert a faculty-created Microsoft Word document of biblical references found within popular films into a searchable database for scholars, the Albright College library staff helped create a multi-access database called Bible in the Reel World. The database relied on student workers for inputting data, used MARC standard formatting for future portability, and encouraged interactive feedback, enabling scholars to submit comments and suggest additional films and references. Using the open source integrated library system Koha, MarcEdit software, and free record exporting from IMDb, library staff created a fully-searchable database for researchers and scholars to examine the use of scripture in popular film.

  17. Opening Doors or Slamming Them Shut? Online Learning Practices and Students with Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheryl Burgstahler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Online learning has the potential to open doors to education for everyone who has access to the technology required to participate. Or does it? When it comes to social inclusion in online learning, who are the “haves” and who are the “have-nots?” Some online learning practices erect barriers to individuals with disabilities—uncaptioned videos are not accessible to students who are deaf, content presented only within graphic images is not accessible to individuals who are blind, unorganized content cluttered on a page creates barriers to some students with learning disabilities and attention deficits, web pages that require the use of a mouse are inaccessible to those who cannot operate a mouse. This article explores the question, “What online learning practices make social inclusion possible for individuals with disabilities?” The author answers this question with lessons learned from her own teaching experiences as well as those presented in research and practice literature. She also shares overall characteristics of distance learning programs that promote the social inclusion of students with disabilities in their courses. The author points out how making courses welcoming to, accessible to, and usable by individuals with disabilities may promote the social inclusion of other students as well. She recommends further dissemination and future research regarding inclusive practices in online learning.

  18. The Midterm Surgical Outcome of Modified Expansive Open-Door Laminoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuang-Ting Yeh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Laminoplasty is a standard technique for treating patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Modified expansive open-door laminoplasty (MEOLP preserves the unilateral paraspinal musculature and nuchal ligament and prevents facet joint violation. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the midterm surgical outcomes of this less invasive technique. We retrospectively recruited 65 consecutive patients who underwent MEOLP at our institution in 2011 with at least 4 years of follow-up. Clinical conditions were evaluated by examining neck disability index, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA, Nurick scale, and axial neck pain visual analog scale scores. Sagittal alignment of the cervical spine was assessed using serial lateral static and dynamic radiographs. Clinical and radiographic outcomes revealed significant recovery at the first postoperative year and still exhibited gradual improvement 1–4 years after surgery. The mean JOA recovery rate was 82.3% and 85% range of motion was observed at the final follow-up. None of the patients experienced aggravated or severe neck pain 1 year after surgery or showed complications of temporary C5 nerve palsy and lamina reclosure by the final follow-up. As a less invasive method for reducing surgical dissection by using various modifications, MEOLP yielded satisfactory midterm outcomes.

  19. Opening Doors or Slamming Them Shut? Online Learning Practices and Students with Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheryl Burgstahler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Online learning has the potential to open doors to education for everyone who has access to the technology required to participate. Or does it? When it comes to social inclusion in online learning, who are the “haves” and who are the “have-nots?” Some online learning practices erect barriers to individuals with disabilities—uncaptioned videos are not accessible to students who are deaf, content presented only within graphic images is not accessible to individuals who are blind, unorganized content cluttered on a page creates barriers to some students with learning disabilities and attention deficits, web pages that require the use of a mouse are inaccessible to those who cannot operate a mouse. This article explores the question, “What online learning practices make social inclusion possible for individuals with disabilities?” The author answers this question with lessons learned from her own teaching experiences as well as those presented in research and practice literature. She also shares overall characteristics of distance learning programs that promote the social inclusion of students with disabilities in their courses. The author points out how making courses welcoming to, accessible to, and usable by individuals with disabilities may promote the social inclusion of other students as well. She recommends further dissemination and future research regarding inclusive practices in online learning.

  20. Autonomous urban reconnaissance ingress system (AURIS): providing a tactically relevant autonomous door-opening kit for unmanned ground vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shane, David J.; Rufo, Michael A.; Berkemeier, Matthew D.; Alberts, Joel A.

    2012-06-01

    The Autonomous Urban Reconnaissance Ingress System (AURIS™) addresses a significant limitation of current military and first responder robotics technology: the inability of reconnaissance robots to open doors. Leveraging user testing as a baseline, the program has derived specifications necessary for military personnel to open doors with fielded UGVs (Unmanned Ground Vehicles), and evaluates the technology's impact on operational mission areas: duration, timing, and user patience in developing a tactically relevant, safe, and effective system. Funding is provided through the US ARMY Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and the project represents a leap forward in perception, autonomy, robotic implements, and coordinated payload operation in UGVs. This paper describes high level details of specification generation, status of the last phase of development, an advanced view of the system autonomy capability, and a short look ahead towards the ongoing work on this compelling and important technology.

  1. Wide Open Spaces: Wikis Ready or Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Brian

    2004-01-01

    Remember when the Internet was about opening up access to information and breaking down the barriers between content creators and content consumers? Think back to when spam was just a meatlike substance. To those heady days when Timothy Leary was predicting that the PC would be the LSD of the nineties. Before the DMCA. Before eBay. Back when the…

  2. Wide Open Spaces: Wikis Ready or Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Brian

    2004-01-01

    Remember when the Internet was about opening up access to information and breaking down the barriers between content creators and content consumers? Think back to when spam was just a meatlike substance. To those heady days when Timothy Leary was predicting that the PC would be the LSD of the nineties. Before the DMCA. Before eBay. Back when the…

  3. Biomechanics of open-door laminoplasty with and without preservation of posterior structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Andrew T; Lubelski, Daniel; West, James L; Mageswaran, Prasath; Colbrunn, Robb; Mroz, Thomas E

    2016-05-01

    OBJECTIVE Cervical open-door laminoplasty (ODL) is designed to decompress the spinal cord, maintain motion, and prevent postlaminectomy kyphosis. Many traditional laminoplasty techniques involve disruption of the posterior ligamentous structures, most notably the C7-T1 supraspinous ligament and interspinales muscle complex (intraspinous and supraspinous ligaments [ISLs]). METHODS Eight human cervical cadaveric specimens (C2-T1) were used to investigate the subaxial kinematics following ODL with varying degrees of posterior element disruption. Ligamentous integrity was preserved and specimens were tested utilizing force control in flexion-extension (FE), lateral bending (LB), and axial rotation (AR) in the native state, and following 1) C3-7 ODL, 2) ODL with terminal ISL resection, 3) ODL with C3-7 spinous process resection, and 4) C3-7 laminectomy. Range of motion (ROM) was measured across C2-T1, "global," and at the segmental level. RESULTS Compared with ODL, sectioning the terminal ISLs resulted in global ROM increases by 7.9% in FE, 2.4% in LB, and 5.6% in AR (p > 0.05), whereas laminectomy increased global ROM by 36.0% in FE (p = 0.002) and a 26.3% increase in AR ROM (p = 0.01). When considering segmental ROM, resection of the terminal ISLs increased ROM in FE by 36.5% at C2-3 (p = 0.019) and 25.4% at C7-T1 (p > 0.05). Segmental increases following C3-7 spinous process resection averaged less than 3% per level, compared with up to 40% increases in ROM per level after laminectomy. CONCLUSIONS Laminectomy resulted in the greatest increase in global cervical ROM. Resection of the ISLs at C2-3 and C7-T1 increased segmental ROM at these specific levels to a similar extent that laminectomy increased ROM at each cervical level. This segmental ROM may contribute to pain or postprocedural deformity and highlights the importance of the ISLs at the terminal ends of the ODL.

  4. New customizable phased array UT instrument opens door for furthering research and better industrial implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Gavin; Ginzel, Robert

    2014-02-01

    Phased array UT as an inspection technique in itself continues to gain wide acceptance. However, there is much room for improvement in terms of implementation of Phased Array (PA) technology for every unique NDT application across several industries (e.g. oil and petroleum, nuclear and power generation, steel manufacturing, etc.). Having full control of the phased array instrument and customizing a software solution is necessary for more seamless and efficient inspections, from setting the PA parameters, collecting data and reporting, to the final analysis. NDT researchers and academics also need a flexible and open platform to be able to control various aspects of the phased array process. A high performance instrument with advanced PA features, faster data rates, a smaller form factor, and capability to adapt to specific applications, will be discussed.

  5. New customizable phased array UT instrument opens door for furthering research and better industrial implementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dao, Gavin [Advanced OEM Solutions, 8044 Montgomery Road 700, Cincinnati OH 45236 (United States); Ginzel, Robert [Eclipse Scientific, 97 Randall, Waterloo, Ontario N2V 1C5 (Canada)

    2014-02-18

    Phased array UT as an inspection technique in itself continues to gain wide acceptance. However, there is much room for improvement in terms of implementation of Phased Array (PA) technology for every unique NDT application across several industries (e.g. oil and petroleum, nuclear and power generation, steel manufacturing, etc.). Having full control of the phased array instrument and customizing a software solution is necessary for more seamless and efficient inspections, from setting the PA parameters, collecting data and reporting, to the final analysis. NDT researchers and academics also need a flexible and open platform to be able to control various aspects of the phased array process. A high performance instrument with advanced PA features, faster data rates, a smaller form factor, and capability to adapt to specific applications, will be discussed.

  6. Numerical Study on Effects of Door-Opening on Airflow Patterns and Dynamic Cross-Contamination in an ISO Class 5 Operating Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Shuyun; TU Guangbei; CAO Rongguang; YU Zhenfeng

    2009-01-01

    The contamination diffusion to the operating room when the door is open was simulated with a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) method,to give the extent of the contamination diffusion.The influence of the door-opening procedure was ignored since the door of the operating room is normally a sliding one.The flow field in the case of the 16 s course of opening the door was simulated.The simulated and the experimental results demonstrate that the extent of the contamination diffusion is around 1.5 m when there is no temperature difference between indoor and outdoor,and there is hardly any contamination diffusion when the temperature difference is 1 ℃.It can be concluded that the positive pressure difference in the operating room lost its function in preventing the contamination when the door is open.That the temperature of corridor is lower than that of operating room contributes to contamination control.Keeping 1 ℃ temperature difference between corridor and operating room and increasing positive pressure and air flow are suggested.It is more secure to set up an anteroom if persons come in or out of the operation room at the course of surgery.

  7. Simulation of Underwater Vehicle’s Cabin Door Opening Process%水下航行器舱门开启过程仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙善春

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the shape changes of the underwater vehicle at the cabin door opening, simulate hydrodynamics features of cabin door opening process. According to hydrodynamics feature of cabin door opening process, take hydrodynamics index as variation curve of vehicle dynamics equation index, simulate cabin door opening movement, then give the calculation process in detail. The simulation results show that the cabin door opening design is reasonable. When door is opening, the speed and attack angle decrease, but the changing amplitude of physical quantity is normally. The method will give reference for movement simulation when the underwater vehicle is changing in shape at movement.%针对水下航行器的舱门在开启过程中航行器外形会发生变化的情况,对航行器舱门开启过程的流体特性进行仿真分析。根据舱门开启过程的流体特性,将得到的流体系数作为航行器动力学方程参数的变化曲线,对舱门开启过程的运动进行了仿真,并给出详细的计算过程。仿真结果表明:该舱门开启过程设计合理,随着舱门的开启,虽然航行器的速度和攻角有所下降,但各物理量的变化幅度仍然在常规范围内,该方法为水下航行器存在外形变化时的运动仿真提供了思路。

  8. Abriendo puertas: conociendo a un celiaco Opening the Doors: Getting to know a celiac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Mar Ferre Rovira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Justificación: La enfermedad celiaca o celiaquía es una intolerancia al gluten, afecta a cualquier grupo étnico o región, afectando a todas la dimensiones de la vida de los que la padecen. El tratamiento se centra, únicamente, en tomar una dieta sin gluten de por vida. Teniendo en cuenta que el trigo es el cereal de consumo mayoritario en países occidentales, adherirse a esta dieta puede ser realmente dificultoso. Objetivos: Conocer cómo afecta el seguimiento de la dieta sin gluten en la vida cotidiana del celiaco para mejorar su calidad de vida. Diseño: Estudio de caso. Metodología: Entrevistas abiertas semiestructuradas al paciente celiaco y a su entorno más cercano (madre y amigos, así como al enfermero y al trabajador social de su Centro de Salud. Resultados-conclusiones: El seguimiento de la dieta sin gluten afecta tanto a la dimensión personal, familiar y social y económica de la persona celiaca.Background: Celiac disease is an intolerance to gluten, that can affect any ethnicgroup in any region, as well as all aspects of the lives of those who suffer from it. The treatment for this pathology focuses solely on a gluten-free diet for life. Bearing in mind that wheat is the most widely consumed cerealin Western countries, maintaining such a diet can be difficult. Objectives: To learn how a life-long, gluten-free diet daily affects those who suffer from celiac disease in order to be able to improve their quality of life. Design: A case study. Methodology: Conducting open, semi-structured interviews with a patient suffering from celiac disease and those closest to him (mother and friends, as well as with the male nurse and the social worker from his Health Centre. Results and conclusions: A gluten-free diet affects the personal, family and social and economic aspects of the life of an individual suffering from celiac disease.

  9. 14 CFR 23.783 - Doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... may be crowded against the door on the inside of the airplane. (2) If inward opening doors are used, there must be a means to prevent occupants from crowding against the door to the extent that would... the external door, for which the initial opening movement is not inward, is fully closed and...

  10. Language Policy in Puerto Rico's Higher Education: Opening the Door for Translanguaging Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Kevin S.; Mazak, Catherine M.

    2017-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between meso university language policies in Puerto Rico and their micro instantiations in an undergraduate psychology classroom. We describe a typology of language policies used by 38 universities and campuses in Puerto Rico where their openness allows for flexible implementation of everyday micro policy.…

  11. Opening Spaces of Academic Culture: Doors of Perception; Heaven and Hell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habel, Chad; Whitman, Kirsty

    2016-01-01

    Academic culture is a distinct and unique field, and perhaps may best be conceptualised as a space. Although access to university has traditionally been restricted, recent efforts on a number of fronts have attempted to "open" the space of the academy. In particular, enabling programmes such as Preparatory Programs and Foundation Courses…

  12. Language Policy in Puerto Rico's Higher Education: Opening the Door for Translanguaging Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Kevin S.; Mazak, Catherine M.

    2017-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between meso university language policies in Puerto Rico and their micro instantiations in an undergraduate psychology classroom. We describe a typology of language policies used by 38 universities and campuses in Puerto Rico where their openness allows for flexible implementation of everyday micro policy.…

  13. Opening the door to the development of novel Abl kinase inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra Morais, Pedro Alves; Daltoé, Renata Dalmaschio; Paula, Heberth de

    2016-10-24

    The discovery of the importance of kinase activity and its relationship to the emergence and proliferation of cancer cells, due to changes in normal physiology, opened a remarkable pathway for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia through intense search of drug candidates. Six Abl kinase inhibitors have received the US FDA approval as chronic myelogenous leukemia treatment, and continuous efforts in obtaining new, more effective and selective molecules are being carried out. Herein we discuss the mechanisms of Abl inhibition, structural features and ligand/protein interactions that are important for the design of new Abl kinase inhibitors. This review provides a broad overview of binding mode predictions, through molecular docking, which can be an approach to discover novel Abl kinase inhibitors.

  14. An open door for illegal trade: online sale of Strombocactus disciformis (Cactaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vania R. Olmos-Lau

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Online trade of CITES listed species has become a persistent threat which is difficult to measure and control. The use of online markets is growing day by the day as technology becomes more available and familiar to people of all ages and interests. Species trade can now be propagated remotely hardly without any real human interaction. We develop a quick-easy method to assess the online availability of the genus Strombocactus, a highly collectible cactus, to understand the real magnitude of this new form of threat and the possible menace it could be for these Mexican cacti. We used the Google.com site to do an online search in four languages (Spanish, English, French and German for the offer of adult plants or seeds. We found specimens and seeds available in major online markets like ebay, amazon, cactusplaza.com and mercado libre. Plant price range from €10.00 to €30.00 plus shipping and handling. The plants were also offered in local online stores in countries like the USA, France, Germany, Australia, Czech Republic, the United Kingdom, and others; some sellers claim they have no obstacles for “shipping across countries” and others openly declare the natural localities where seeds were extracted. Only a minority of these online stores openly stated that the cacti were obtained from CITES registered nurseries or that the cacti were grown through propagules or seeds. Our method is easily transferable to estimate the illegal market for any species. There is an active online trade of Strombocactus species and other species listed in CITES without the necessary documentation. Compliance or other regulation mechanisms are needed in order to promote species conservation.

  15. Laparoscopically Assisted Proximal Gastrectomy with Esophagogastrostomy Using a Novel "Open-Door" Technique : LAPG with Novel Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosoda, Kei; Yamashita, Keishi; Moriya, Hiromitsu; Mieno, Hiroaki; Ema, Akira; Washio, Marie; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2016-12-26

    Laparoscopy-assisted proximal gastrectomy (LAPG) with esophagogastrostomy using a novel "open-door" technique was introduced recently, with the aim of preventing gastroesophageal reflux. However, quantitate assessment of gastroesophageal reflux after this surgery has not been performed till date. The aims of the current study were to investigate the safety and feasibility of this operation and to elucidate the postoperative reflux status. Twenty consecutive patients (18 men) with (y)cStage I gastric cancer in the upper third of the stomach who underwent LAPG at Kitasato University Hospital from May 2015 through September 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. We performed 24-h impedance-pH monitoring 3 months after surgery for the first eight patients and analyzed the postoperative reflux status. Median operation time was 333 min, while median anastomotic time was 81 min. None of the 20 patients experienced anastomotic leakage while two patients experienced anastomotic stricture requiring endoscopic balloon dilatation. No patient experienced heartburn without antacid drugs. During the 24-h impedance-pH monitoring, all but one patient had normal gastroesophageal acid reflux with the acid percent time of technique is a safe and feasible procedure for LAPG. The degree of gastroesophageal reflux was acceptable using this technique. Randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-ups are required to confirm that this technique would be superior to the others.

  16. Multivariate Analysis of Factors Associated With Axial Symptoms in Unilateral Expansive Open-Door Cervical Laminoplasty With Miniplate Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hua; Liu, Hao; Deng, Yuxiao; Gong, Quan; Li, Tao; Song, Yueming

    2016-01-01

    Retrospective case-control study.Unilateral expansive open-door cervical laminoplasty with miniplate fixation is an efficient and increasing popular surgery for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Axial symptoms are the most frequent complaints after cervical laminoplasty. But the mechanisms have not been fully clarified yet.The objective of this study is to compare the clinical and radiologic data between patients with or without axial symptoms and to investigate the factors associated with axial symptoms by multivariate analysis in cervical laminoplasty with miniplate fixation.A total of 129 patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty with miniplate fixation were comprised from August 2009 to March 2014. Patients were grouped according to whether they suffered from postoperative axial symptoms (PA) or not (NA). The clinical data including gender, age, duration of symptoms, diagnosis type, medical comorbidity, operative level, blood loss, operative time, pre- and post-Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, JOA recovery rates, and other complications were recorded. The radiologic data including cervical canal diameter, C2-7 Cobb angle, cervical range of motion (ROM), cross-sectional area, open angle, hinge union, and facet joint destroyed would be measured according to X-ray plain and CT scan images. The univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed.There were 39 patients in PA group and 90 patients in NA group. Both groups gained significant JOA improvement postoperatively (P  0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that the negative change of cervical ROM (OR = 1.062, P = 0.047) and facet joints destroyed (OR = 0.661, P = 0.024) were related to axial symptoms.The change of cervical ROM and facet joints destroyed by miniscrews might be associated with axial symptoms after cervical laminoplasty with miniplate fixation. Cervical spine surgeons should carefully operate to decrease the injury of

  17. Full biological characterization of human pluripotent stem cells will open the door to translational research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Nina; Rosner, Margit; Kovacic, Boris; Hengstschläger, Markus

    2016-09-01

    Since the discovery of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC), great hopes were held for their therapeutic application including disease modeling, drug discovery screenings, toxicological screenings and regenerative therapy. hESC and hiPSC have the advantage of indefinite self-renewal, thereby generating an inexhaustible pool of cells with, e.g., specific genotype for developing putative treatments; they can differentiate into derivatives of all three germ layers enabling autologous transplantation, and via donor-selection they can express various genotypes of interest for better disease modeling. Furthermore, drug screenings and toxicological screenings in hESC and hiPSC are more pertinent to identify drugs or chemical compounds that are harmful for human, than a mouse model could predict. Despite continuing research in the wide field of therapeutic applications, further understanding of the underlying basic mechanisms of stem cell function is necessary. Here, we summarize current knowledge concerning pluripotency, self-renewal, apoptosis, motility, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and differentiation of pluripotent stem cells.

  18. Open-Loop Wide-Bandwidth Phase Modulation Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Nidhi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The ever-increasing growth in the bandwidth of wireless communication channels requires the transmitter to be wide-bandwidth and power-efficient. Polar and outphasing transmitter topologies are two promising candidates for such applications, in future. Both these architectures require a wide-bandwidth phase modulator. Open-loop phase modulation presents a viable solution for achieving wide-bandwidth operation. An overview of prior art and recent approaches for phase modulation is presented in this paper. Phase quantization noise cancellation was recently introduced to lower the out-of-band noise in a digital phase modulator. A detailed analysis on the impact of timing and quantization of the cancellation signal is presented. Noise generated by the transmitter in the receive band frequency poses another challenge for wide-bandwidth transmitter design. Addition of a noise transfer function notch, in a digital phase modulator, to reduce the noise in the receive band during phase modulation is described in this paper.

  19. Video Conferencing for Opening Classroom Doors in Initial Teacher Education: Sociocultural Processes of Mimicking and Improvisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiesemes, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present an alternative framework for conceptualising video-conferencing uses in initial teacher education and in Higher Education (HE more generally. This alternative framework takes into account the existing models in the field, but – based on a set of interviews conducted with teacher trainees and wider analysis of the related literature – we suggest that there is a need to add to existing models the notions of ‘mimicking’ (copying practice and improvisation (unplanned and spontaneous personal learning moments. These two notions are considered to be vital, as they remain valid throughout teachers’ careers and constitute key affordances of video-conferencing uses in HE. In particular, we argue that improvisational processes can be considered as key for developing professional practice and lifelong learning and that video-conferencing uses in initial teacher education can contribute to an understanding of training and learning processes. Current conceptualisations of video conferencing as suggested by Coyle (2004 and Marsh et al. (2009 remain valid, but also are limited in their scope with respect to focusing predominantly on pragmatic and instrumental teacher-training issues. Our article suggests that the theoretical conceptualisations of video conferencing should be expanded to include elements of mimicking and ultimately improvisation. This allows us to consider not just etic aspects of practice, but equally emic practices and related personal professional development. We locate these arguments more widely in a sociocultural-theory framework, as it enables us to describe interactions in dialectical rather than dichotomous terms (Lantolf & Poehner, 2008.

  20. Electric Roller Door Opener of the New Industry Standard%电动卷门开门机新行业标准浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜斐进

    2015-01-01

    最新颁布和实施的行业标准 JG/T411-2013《电动卷门开门机》,为国内首次制定电动卷门开门机行业标准,本文针对该行业标准对电动卷门开门机的定义、适用范围、要求及试验方法内容进行解读和分析探讨,阐述新标准对行业发展和生产的指导意义。%The promulgation and implementation of the lat-est industry standard JG/T 411-2013 electric roller door opener for the first time to develop electric roller doors open industry standards, aiming at the industry standard for electric rolling door opener definition, scope, requirements and test methods for interpretation and analysis of content to explore, elaborate new standards for the industry and the production of guidance.

  1. Open-door-Laminoplastie bei zervikaler Myelopathie mithilfe eines Titan-Miniplättchensystems (Arch-Laminoplastie: Erste klinische Erfahrungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burtscher J

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Der Autor berichtet von ersten klinischen Erfahrungen mit einer speziellen Laminoplastietechnik bei Patienten, die an spondylogener zervikaler Myelopathie leiden. Zwischen Juni 2007 und Februar 2009 wurden 20 Patienten mit zervikaler Myelopathie aufgrund einer mehrsegmentalen zervikalen Spondylose und Spinalkanalstenose mithilfe einer speziellen Open-door-Laminoplastietechnik operiert. Diese Technik nützt ein Titan-Miniplättchensystem, um die aufgeklappten Wirbelbögen zu fixieren. Der durchschnittliche postoperative Beobachtungszeitraum beträgt 9 Monate, das durchschnittliche Patientenalter 63 Jahre. Insgesamt wurden 68 Etagen laminoplastiert. Die Klinik der Patienten wurde mithilfe der modifizierten JOA-Skala beurteilt. Die klinische Evaluierung der zervikalen Myelopathie erfolgte vor sowie drei und sechs Monate nach der Operation. Insgesamt sind zwei Patientengruppen mit oben beschriebener Technik chirurgisch versorgt worden. Gruppe 1 umfasst 14 Patienten mit zervikaler Myelopathie ohne klinische und/oder radiologische Zeichen der Instabilität, normaler zervikaler Lordose oder nur relativer Streckstellung der Halswirbelsäule (HWS, aber ohne Kyphose. Gruppe 2 umfasst 6 Patienten, die im Rahmen einer geplanten ventro-dorsalen Operation zuerst laminoplastiert wurden. Im Beobachtungszeitraum ist von den 68 operierten Etagen bei 20 Patienten keines der verwendeten Titan-Miniplättchensysteme disloziert. Klinische Verbesserungen konnten bei allen Patienten nachgewiesen werden. Die Verbesserung der Klinik schwankt zwischen 2 (Minimum und 7 Score-Punkten (Maximum. Die durchschnittliche klinische Verbesserung liegt bei 4,3 Score-Punkten pro Patient. Vier Patienten erholten sich vollständig. Ein Patient aus Gruppe 1 beklagte nach Laminoplastie verstärkte Nackenschmerzen. In Gruppe 1 sind im postoperativen Beobachtungszeitraum keine klinischen und/oder radiologischen Hinweise für Instabilität und Fehlstellungen (Kyphosierung aufgetreten. Die

  2. Throwing Open the Doors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s art galleries,museums and libraries are to be made admission-free for the public In two years,Chinese citizens will not have to pay to enter public art galleries,the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Finance jointly announced on February 10.

  3. These Doors Are Open!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achinstein, Betty; Athanases, Steven Z.; Curry, Marnie W.; Ogawa, Rodney T.; de Oliveira, Luciana C.

    2013-01-01

    Lower-income students of color in California are often underserved, as evidenced by low-resourced schools, an achievement gap, and low college-going rates. Educators increasingly call for "community schools" that link schools with community members and agencies to promote educational achievement and to access communities as resources for…

  4. The ICTJA-CSIC Science Week 2016: an open door to Earth Sciences for secondary education students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes-Picas, Jordi; Diaz, Jordi; Fernandez-Turiel, Jose-Luis; Garcia-Castellanos, Daniel; Geyer, Adelina; Jurado, Maria-Jose; Montoya, Encarni; Rejas Alejos, Marta; Sánchez-Pastor, Pilar; Valverde-Perez, Angel

    2017-04-01

    The Science Week is one of the main scientific outreach events every year in Spain. The Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera of CSIC (ICTJA-CSIC) participates in it since many years ago, opening its doors and proposing several activities in which it is shown what kind of multidisciplinary research is being developed at the Institute and in Geosciences. The activities,developed as workshops, are designed and conducted by scientific and technical personnel of the centre, who participates in the Science Week voluntarily. The activities proposed by the ICTJA-CSIC staff are designed for a target audience composed by secondary school students (12-18 years). The ICTJA-CSIC joined Science Week 2016 in the framework of the activity entitled "What we investigate in Earth Sciences?". The aim is to show to the society what is being investigated in the ICTJA-CSIC. In addition, it is intended, with the contact and interaction between the public and the institute researchers, to increase the interest in scientific activity and, if possible, to generate new vocations in the field of the Earth Sciences among secondary school pupils. We show in this communication the experience of the Science Week 2016 at the ICTJA-CSIC, carried out with the effort and commitment of the of the Institute's personnel with the outreach of Earth Sciences research. Between November 14th and 19th 2016, more than 100 students from four secondary schools from Barcelona area visited the Institute and took part in the Science Week. A total of six interactive workshops were prepared showing different features of seismology, geophysical borehole logging, analog and digital modelling, paleoecology, volcanology and geochemistry. As a novelty, this year a new workshop based on an augmented reality sandbox was offered to show and to simulate the processes of creation and evolution of the topographic relief. In addition, within the workshop dedicated to geophysical borehole logging, six exact replicates of

  5. 论1950年代高等学校“向工农开门”的方针%On the Policy of Higher Education Institutions “Opening the Door to Workers and Peasants” in 1950s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭厚文

    2015-01-01

    After the establishment of PRC,the CPC advanced the policy of“opening door to workers and peasants” in the education field,which mainly involved the higher education institutions “opening the door to workers and peasants”. The CPC mainly adopted two forceful measures to implement this policy———establishing People’ s University of China and opening wide-spread instant middle schools for workers and peasants. After 1955,this policy once changed into focusing on cultivating intel-lectuals among workers and peasants mainly through part-time education. After the Anti-Rightist campaign of 1957,the CPC emphasized higher education institutions “opening door to workers and farmers” again. This policy had played an active role in cultivating new China’ s first generation of new intellectual workers and peasants. However,there were also some negative fac-tors,such as the quality of education cannot be assured,injustice,distrust to intellectuals,too much dogmatism,etc.%新中国成立后中国共产党在教育领域提出的“向工农开门”方针,主要是高等学校“向工农开门”。中国共产党主要采取了两项强力措施———创办中国人民大学和普遍举办工农速成中学贯彻实施这一方针。1955年后,这一方针一度改变为强调培养工农知识分子以业余教育为主。1957年反右派斗争后,中国共产党又重新强调高等学校“向工农开门”。这一方针对于培养新中国第一代新型工农知识分子发挥了积极作用,但也存在着教育质量难以得到保证、不公平、对知识分子不信任、教条主义色彩浓厚等消极因素。

  6. Wide Field CCD photometry around nine open clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Sharma, S; Ogura, K; Mito, H; Tarusawa, K; Sagar, R

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we study the evolution of core and corona of nine open clusters using the projected radial density profiles derived from homogeneous CCD photometric data obtained through the 105-cm Kiso Schmidt telescope. The age and galactocentric distance of the target clusters varies from 16 Myr to 2000 Myr and 9 kpcto 10.8 kpc respectively. Barring Be 62, which is young open cluster, other clusters show a uniform reddening across the cluster region. The reddening in Be 62varies from $E(B-V)_{min}$= 0.70 mag to $E(B-V)_{max}$= 1.00 mag. The corona of six of the clusters in the present sample is found to be elongated, however on the basis of the present sample it is not possible to establish any correlation between the age and shape of the core. The elongated core in the case of young cluster Be 62 may reflect the initial conditions in the parental molecular cloud. The other results of the present study are (i) Core radius `$r_c$' and corona size $`r_{cn}$'/cluster radius $`r_{cl}$' are linearly correlated. (...

  7. Long-term outcomes and prognostic analysis of modified open-door laminoplasty with lateral mass screw fusion in treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su N

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Nan Su, Qi Fei, Bingqiang Wang, Dong Li, Jinjun Li, Hai Meng, Yong Yang, Ai Guo Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Xicheng District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore and analyze the long-term outcomes and factors that affect the prognosis of expansive open-door laminoplasty with lateral mass screw fusion in treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 49 patients with multilevel CSM who had undergone expansive open-door laminoplasty with lateral mass screws fixation and fusion in our hospital between February 2008 and February 2012. The average follow-up period was 4.6 years. The clinical data of patients, including age, sex, operation records, pre- and postoperation Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA scores, cervical spine canal stenosis, and cervical curvature, were collected. Increased signal intensity (ISI on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament were also observed. Paired t-test was used to analyze the treatment effectiveness and recovery of neuronal function. The prognostic factors were analyzed with multivariable linear regression model. Results: Forty-nine patients with CSM with a mean age of 59.44 years were enrolled in this study. The average of preoperative JOA score was 9.14±2.25, and postoperative JOA score was 15.31±1.73. There was significant difference between the pre- and postoperative JOA scores. The clinical improvement rate was 80.27%. On follow-up, five patients had complaints of neck and shoulder pain, but no evidence of C5 nerve palsy was found. Developmental cervical spine canal stenosis was present in all patients before surgery. Before surgery, ISI was observed in eight patients, while ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament was found in 12 patients. The average of preoperative cervical

  8. Doors are opening at children’s day-care centre at Champs-Fréchets

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Opened in August 2008, this new centre offers day-care for children between the ages of 4 months and 4 years. Following an agreement with CERN, up to 20 places are reserved for members of the CERN personnel. The commune of Meyrin invites interested parents to come and visit the centre on Saturday 11 October 2008 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Address : 69, rue des Lattes -1217 Meyrin Further information on the agreement with CERN: https://cern.ch/hr-services/Ben/Social/EVE.asp

  9. Valuing the chances of survival of two distinct Eurasian lynx populations in Poland - do people want to keep the doors open?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartczak, Anna; Meyerhoff, Jürgen

    2013-11-15

    This study investigates individuals' preferences toward protection programs aimed at increasing the chances of survival of the two distinct Eurasian lynx populations in Poland. Those two groups, the Lowland and the Carpathian population, are exposed to different risks of extinction as they have different numbers, different-sized areas of occupation and different migration possibilities. Using a discrete choice experiment we examine the influence of the initial degree of endangerment on the allocation of respondents' funds. The results show that people prefer to invest in the conservation of the lynx population, which has initially lower chances of survival. The main driver of respondents' choices seems to be loss aversion rather than the urge to invest in an option with an expected higher outcome. This observation can be interpreted as people trying to keep all the options - doors - open by devoting more funds to the more vulnerable population than to the more stable one. Employing a scale-extended latent class model allowed us to detect segments among individuals showing different types of response behavior, including a form of serial non-participation.

  10. Unexpected high-temperature stability of β-Zn4Sb3 opens the door to enhanced thermoelectric performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jianping; Li, Xudong; Qiao, Guanjun; Wang, Zhao; Carrete, Jesús; Ren, Yang; Ma, Lingzhi; Fei, Youjian; Yang, Baifeng; Lei, Lei; Li, Ju

    2014-01-29

    β-Zn4Sb3 has one of the highest ZT reported for binary compounds, but its practical applications have been hindered by a reported poor stability. Here we report the fabrication of nearly dense single-phase β-Zn4Sb3 and a study of its thermoelectric transport coefficients across a wide temperature range. Around 425 K we find an abrupt decrease of its thermal conductivity. Past this point, Zn atoms can migrate from crystalline sites to interstitial positions; β-Zn4Sb3 becomes metastable and gradually decomposes into Zn(hcp) and ZnSb. However, above 565 K it recovers its stability; in fact, the damage caused by decomposition can be repaired completely. This is key to its excellent thermoelectric performance at high temperature: the maximum ZT reaches 1.4. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to shed light on the microscopic behavior of the material.

  11. Crystallography Open Database (COD): an open-access collection of crystal structures and platform for world-wide collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gražulis, Saulius; Daškevič, Adriana; Merkys, Andrius; Chateigner, Daniel; Lutterotti, Luca; Quirós, Miguel; Serebryanaya, Nadezhda R; Moeck, Peter; Downs, Robert T; Le Bail, Armel

    2012-01-01

    Using an open-access distribution model, the Crystallography Open Database (COD, http://www.crystallography.net) collects all known 'small molecule / small to medium sized unit cell' crystal structures and makes them available freely on the Internet. As of today, the COD has aggregated ~150,000 structures, offering basic search capabilities and the possibility to download the whole database, or parts thereof using a variety of standard open communication protocols. A newly developed website provides capabilities for all registered users to deposit published and so far unpublished structures as personal communications or pre-publication depositions. Such a setup enables extension of the COD database by many users simultaneously. This increases the possibilities for growth of the COD database, and is the first step towards establishing a world wide Internet-based collaborative platform dedicated to the collection and curation of structural knowledge.

  12. OpenADAM: an open source genome-wide association data management system for Affymetrix SNP arrays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sham P C

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Large scale genome-wide association studies have become popular since the introduction of high throughput genotyping platforms. Efficient management of the vast array of data generated poses many challenges. Description We have developed an open source web-based data management system for the large amount of genotype data generated from the Affymetrix GeneChip® Mapping Array and Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array platforms. The database supports genotype calling using DM, BRLMM, BRLMM-P or Birdseed algorithms provided by the Affymetrix Power Tools. The genotype and corresponding pedigree data are stored in a relational database for efficient downstream data manipulation and analysis, such as calculation of allele and genotype frequencies, sample identity checking, and export of genotype data in various file formats for analysis using commonly-available software. A novel method for genotyping error estimation is implemented using linkage disequilibrium information from the HapMap project. All functionalities are accessible via a web-based user interface. Conclusion OpenADAM provides an open source database system for management of Affymetrix genome-wide association SNP data.

  13. Obturating teeth with wide open apices using mineral trioxide aggregate: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levenstein, H

    2002-07-01

    The conventional approach in handling a tooth with a wide open apex requiring endodontic treatment is by means of a procedure called apexification. The objective of treatment is to introduce calcium hydroxide mixed with sterile water or local anaesthetic into the root canal to create a hard-tissue-like formation or an apical plug to prevent extrusion of filling materials during obturation of teeth with wide open apices. This procedure may take anything from 6 months to 2 years. In 1999 a new material called mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was introduced to the dental profession for clinical use which has the ability to create an apical plug within a few weeks.

  14. SESAME: opening doors through science

    CERN Multimedia

    Pauline Gagnon

    2012-01-01

    Two Pakistani scientists arrived at CERN on 2 February at the height of the cold snap. They will spend the coming year working in collaboration with CERN’s magnet experts, learning the technology and contributing to ongoing projects.   Sumera Yamin (left) and Khalid Mansoor Hassan (right) with quadrupole magnets in the I8 testing facility. Sumera Yamin, a physicist, and Khalid Mansoor Hassan, an electrical engineer, both from the National Centre for Physics in Islamabad, came to CERN under an agreement with Pakistan. “They started contributing right away, helping us design and build new magnets for the ALPHA experiment,” says Davide Tommasini, Head of the resistive magnet section. “They fitted right in, just like I had expected. It is amazing to see that all scientists share the same approach.” The two scientists will also contribute to some aspects of the magnet design and the technical specifications for the SESAME project, the Synchrotron-...

  15. Open the Door in Huajiadi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QiuZhijie

    2004-01-01

    The other day when Xiaogang asked me whether we should organize an exhibition about Huajiadi or not he did not seem quite sure.and neither did I give a definite answer.Then he started to introduce this idea with a voice of calm and objectivity.which sounded uncertain and remote in my large living room as if the idea were none of his business.

  16. Opening the Doors of History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG HAIRONG

    2011-01-01

    China is blessed with a long history,and for millenniums the people of China have used history as a mirror to learn from the past.An important part of the country's history,all the archives of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Central Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) are housed in the Central Archives of China,also known as the State Archives Administration.

  17. Opening the Doors of History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s Central Archives aspires to improve public access to information China is blessed with a long history,and for millenniums the people of China have used history as a mirror to learn from the past. An important part of the country’s history, all the archives of the Communist Party of China (CPC)

  18. Build Fences or Open Doors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, John; Lancaster, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Across the country, the question of what to do about illegal immigrants is fodder for fierce debate. While officials in some states argue for tougher policies and, in many cases, deportation, more sympathetic voices urge compassion and amnesty. As a leading source of education for minority students, the nation's community colleges are at the…

  19. Development of miniature HTSC wide-band filter with open-loop resonators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG TianLiang; YANG Kai; NING JunSong; BU ShiRong; LIU JuanXiu; LUO ZhengXiang

    2008-01-01

    The strong electric and magnetic coupled novel HTSC (high temperature superconductor) open-loop mierostrip resonators are studied in this report and the traditional structure of open-loop resonators is improved. A miniature wide-band HTSC bandpass filter is developed by the novel structure, which is fabricated on YBCO/LaAIO3/BCO substrate with dimensions of 14.8×9.6 mm2. This filter is tested at 77K, and the specifications are that the center frequency is 2230 MHz, the bandwidth is 455 MHz, and the best insertion loss is 0.14 dB in passband.

  20. Every cell is special : genome-wide studies add a new dimension to single-cell biology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Junker, Jan Philipp; van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Single-cell analyses have provided invaluable insights into studying heterogenity, signaling, and stochastic gene expression. Recent technological advances now open the door to genome-wide single-cell studies.

  1. On Opening/Closing Synchronization of Train and Platform Doors%列车车门及站台屏蔽门的开/关门时序研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金碧筠; 周巧莲

    2013-01-01

    在对列车车门及站台屏蔽门的开/关门工作原理进行研究的基础上,介绍了上海城市轨道交通列车车门及站台屏蔽门的开/关门整个过程的试验测试结果.最终确立了上海城市轨道交通列车车门及站台屏蔽门的开/关门延时时间范围:若需要现“开门时原则上列车客车车门和站台屏蔽门应同时启动,实际测试中车门不应比屏蔽门先启动,屏蔽门比车门先启动的时间不应大于1s”的要求,车门与屏蔽门的开门设定延时时间差控制在1.15~3.35 s之间.同理,关门时间差必须控制在0~3.35 s之间.%The opening/closing process of train and platform doors is summarized through site test,the general sequence of events for opening/closing of train and platform doors are illustrated.Based on the working principle,the specific delay period should be controlled within 1.15 s~3.35 s,requirements needed for the train and platform doors are identified to achieve synchronization in the opening/closing operations.

  2. WorldWide Telescope: A Newly Open Source Astronomy Visualization System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, Jonathan; Roberts, Douglas A.

    2016-01-01

    After eight years of development by Microsoft Research, WorldWide Telescope (WWT) was made an open source project at the end of June 2015. WWT was motivated by the desire to put new surveys of objects, such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in the context of the night sky. The development of WWT under Microsoft started with the creation of a Windows desktop client that is widely used in various education, outreach and research projects. Using this, users can explore the data built into WWT as well as data that is loaded in. Beyond exploration, WWT can be used to create tours that present various datasets a narrative format.In the past two years, the team developed a collection of web controls, including an HTML5 web client, which contains much of the functionality of the Windows desktop client. The project under Microsoft has deep connections with several user communities such as education through the WWT Ambassadors program, http://wwtambassadors.org/ and with planetariums and museums such as the Adler Planetarium. WWT can also support research, including using WWT to visualize the Bones of the Milky Way and rich connections between WWT and the Astrophysical Data Systems (ADS, http://labs.adsabs.harvard.edu/adsabs/). One important new research connection is the use of WWT to create dynamic and potentially interactive supplements to journal articles, which have been created in 2015.Now WWT is an open source community lead project. The source code is available in GitHub (https://github.com/WorldWideTelescope). There is significant developer documentation on the website (http://worldwidetelescope.org/Developers/) and an extensive developer workshops (http://wwtworkshops.org/?tribe_events=wwt-developer-workshop) has taken place in the fall of 2015.Now that WWT is open source anyone who has the interest in the project can be a contributor. As important as helping out with coding, the project needs people interested in documentation, testing, training and other roles.

  3. A modified unilateral open-door miniscrew-plate fixation:a biomechanical study%新型改良单开门微型钛钉-钛板内固定的生物力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘帅; 雷伟; 吴子祥; 樊勇; 严亚波; 石磊; 刘达; 张扬

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the biomechanical performance of a modified miniscrew-plate fixation in the unilateral open-door cervical laminoplasty.Methods Eight specimens of cervical spine (C3-C7) were made from intact adult cadavers.After randomization into 2 groups, with 4 specimens and 20 vertebral segments in each group, the unilateral open-door cervical laminoplasty was performed in each cervical vertebra in both groups.In group A the modified miniscrew-plates were used while in group B the traditional miniscrew-plates were implanted.A MTS880 machine was used to test the maximal load of the reclosed open-door miniscrew-plate at each cervical vertebra, and the maximal load and energy of the completely closed open-door miniscrew-plate.Results In the reclosing process, the mean maximal load was 873.61 ±154.40 N in group A and 297.17 ± 133.41 N in group B.In the complete closing state, the mean maximal load was 812.98 ± 141.79 N in group A and 145.77 ±59.21 N in group B; the mean energy was 5.95 ±0.83 J in group A and 1.65 ± 0.70 J in group B.There were significant differences between the 2 groups ( P < 0.05 ) .Conclusion The modified miniscrew-plate can have better biomechanical performance than the traditional miniscrew-plate in simulated unilateral open-door cervical laminoplasty.%目的 探讨改良单开门微型钛钉-钛板内固定的生物力学特性.方法 选取8具无损伤的新鲜人尸体颈椎标本(C3-7),经分次处理后随机分为两组,每组4具标本20个节段:A组:于每个节段颈椎标本模拟单开门颈椎管扩大成形术,术中使用改良单开门微型钛钉-钛板固定;B组:每节段颈椎标本模拟同样手术操作,使用传统单开门钛钉-钛板(Centerpiece钉板)固定.应用MTS880生物材料实验机测试每个颈椎节段标本开门后再关门的最大负荷、完全关门时的负荷及功耗,并对两组结果进行比较.结果 再关门过程中A组和B组的最大负荷平均分别为(873.61±154.40)

  4. The structure of apo tryptophanase from Escherichia coli reveals a wide-open conformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsesin, Natalia; Kogan, Anna; Gdalevsky, Garik Y; Himanen, Juha Pekka; Cohen-Luria, Rivka; Parola, Abraham H; Goldgur, Yehuda; Almog, Orna

    2007-09-01

    The crystal structure of apo tryptophanase from Escherichia coli (space group F222, unit-cell parameters a = 118.4, b = 120.1, c = 171.2 A) was determined at 1.9 A resolution using the molecular-replacement method and refined to an R factor of 20.3% (R(free) = 23.2%). The structure revealed a significant shift in the relative orientation of the domains compared with both the holo form of Proteus vulgaris tryptophanase and with another crystal structure of apo E. coli tryptophanase, reflecting the internal flexibility of the molecule. Domain shifts were previously observed in tryptophanase and in the closely related enzyme tyrosine phenol-lyase, with the holo form found in an open conformation and the apo form in either an open or a closed conformation. Here, a wide-open conformation of the apo form of tryptophanase is reported. A conformational change is also observed in loop 297-303. The structure contains a hydrated Mg(2+) at the cation-binding site and a Cl(-) ion at the subunit interface. The enzyme activity depends on the nature of the bound cation, with smaller ions serving as inhibitors. It is hypothesized that this effect arises from variations of the coordination geometry of the bound cation.

  5. Vee ziek door eikenprocessierups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spijker, J.H.

    2007-01-01

    In 2006 zijn er incidenteel ernstige problemen geweest met vee dat ingeschaard was langs eiken die zwaar waren aangetast door eikenprocessierups. Tot vele tientallen meters langs deze lanen bleek het gras niet geschikt voor dierlijke consumptie door de aanwezigheid van verwaaide nesten van deze rups

  6. Numerical Calcultion on Hydrodynamic Characteristic of UUV with Cabin Door Opened at Small Angle of Attack%舱门开启状态下UUV小攻角水动力特性数值模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立栋; 张宇文

    2012-01-01

    In order to master hydrodynamic characteristic of UUV whose cabin door is opened at small angle of attack,based on wind tunnel model experiment firstly, it is proved that numerical computation method used is accurate and effective;then the drag,lift and moment characteristic of UUV whose cabin door is opened are calculated numerically by this method,and the influence of load cabin and cabin door on the surface pressure distribution of UUV is analysed after cabin door is opened. The computation result shows that the high pressure difference between the front end and the back end of the load cabin results in a significant increase of the pressare drag of load cabin dragin UUV's, and the drag about zero angle of attack are not symmetrical,the main reason of which is that the pressure drag of load cabin increases with the increase of absolute value of angle of attack on the condition of negative angle of attack. Because of fluid block function of the average pressure on the canbin door's down surface is higher that the up one when the angle of attack is zero degree,so zero lift of UUV is positive,and zero lift angle of attack is about -3 degrees,besides zero moment is positive. Zero moment angle of attack is about -1 degrees.%为了掌握舱门开启状态下UUV小攻角水动力特性,首先基于风洞模型实验验证了所用数值计算方法的准确性与有效性,进而采用该方法对舱门开启状态UUV阻力、升力及力矩特性进行了数值模拟研究,分析了舱门开启后载荷舱及舱门对UUV表面压力分布的影响.计算结果表明,载荷舱前后端面形成的较大压力差,导致舱门开启状态UUV阻力显著提升,且阻力关于零攻角表现为不对称性,主要原因在于负攻角条件下载荷舱粘压阻力随攻角绝对值的增大而增大;由于载荷舱的流体阻滞作用,零攻角工况下舱门下表面平均压力高于上表面,UUV零攻角升力为正,零升力攻角约为-3.,

  7. The Open Cloud Testbed: A Wide Area Testbed for Cloud Computing Utilizing High Performance Network Services

    CERN Document Server

    Grossman, Robert; Sabala, Michal; Bennet, Collin; Seidman, Jonathan; Mambratti, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Recently, a number of cloud platforms and services have been developed for data intensive computing, including Hadoop, Sector, CloudStore (formerly KFS), HBase, and Thrift. In order to benchmark the performance of these systems, to investigate their interoperability, and to experiment with new services based on flexible compute node and network provisioning capabilities, we have designed and implemented a large scale testbed called the Open Cloud Testbed (OCT). Currently the OCT has 120 nodes in four data centers: Baltimore, Chicago (two locations), and San Diego. In contrast to other cloud testbeds, which are in small geographic areas and which are based on commodity Internet services, the OCT is a wide area testbed and the four data centers are connected with a high performance 10Gb/s network, based on a foundation of dedicated lightpaths. This testbed can address the requirements of extremely large data streams that challenge other types of distributed infrastructure. We have also developed several utiliti...

  8. PNEUMATIC - LOGIC SYNTHESIS OF BUS DOOR FROM ASPECT OF AUTOMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Stefanovic

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a logic synthesis procedure pneumatic control of the door of the bus for suburban traffic. Minimization of pneumatic control is determined graphically by Weitz – Carnot method. It also shows all pneumatic components belonging to installations used for opening and closing the door of the bus. Finally it is shown the basic maintenance of pneumatic system of the bus door.

  9. Deep, Wide-field CCD Photometry for the Open Cluster NGC3532

    CERN Document Server

    Clem, James L; Hoard, D W; Wachter, Stefanie

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of a deep, wide-field CCD survey for the open cluster NGC~3532. Our new $BV(RI)_{c}$ photometry effectively covers a one square degree area and reaches an unprecedented depth of $V\\sim21$ to reveal that NGC~3532 is a rich open cluster that harbors a large number of faint, low-mass stars. We employ a number of methods to reduce the impact of field star contamination in the cluster color-magnitude diagrams, including supplementing our photometry with $JHK_{s}$ data from the 2MASS catalog. These efforts allow us to define a robust sample of candidate main sequence stars suitable for a purely empirical determination of the cluster's parameters by comparing them to the well-established Hyades main sequence. Our results confirm previous findings that NGC~3532 lies fairly near to the Sun [$(m-M)_0=8.46\\pm0.05$; $492^{+12}_{-11}$~pc] and has an extremely low reddening for its location near the Galactic plane [$E(B-V)=0.028\\pm0.006$]. Moreover, an age of $\\sim300$\\,Myr has been derived for the c...

  10. Open Carpal Tunnel Release Outcomes: Performed Wide Awake versus with Sedation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulipan, Jacob E; Kim, Nayoung; Abboudi, Jack; Jones, Christopher; Liss, Frederic; Kirkpatrick, William; Rivlin, Michael; Wang, Mark L; Matzon, Jonas; Ilyas, Asif M

    2017-08-01

    Background  Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is the most common surgery of the hand, and interest is growing in performing it under local anesthesia without tourniquet. To better understand differences, we hypothesized that patients undergoing CTR under wide-awake local anesthesia with no tourniquet (WALANT) versus sedation (monitored anesthesia care [MAC]) would not result in a difference in outcome. Methods  Consecutive cases of electrodiagnostically confirmed open CTR across multiple surgeons at a single center were prospectively enrolled. Data included demographic data, visual analog scale, Levine-Katz carpal tunnel syndrome scale, QuickDASH questionnaire, customized Likert questionnaire, and complications. Results  There were 81 patients enrolled in the WALANT group and 149 patients in the MAC group. There were no reoperations in either group or any epinephrine-related complications in the WALANT group. Disability and symptom scores did not differ significantly between WALANT and sedation groups at 2 weeks or 3 months. Average postoperative QuickDASH, Levine-Katz, and VAS pain scales were the same in both groups. Both groups of patients reported high levels of satisfaction at 91 versus 96% for the WALANT versus MAC groups, respectively ( p  > 0.05). Patients in each group were likely to request similar anesthesia if they were to undergo surgery again. Conclusion  Patients undergoing open CTR experienced similar levels of satisfaction and outcomes with either the WALANT or MAC techniques. There was no statistically significant difference between either group relative to the tested outcome measures. These data should facilitate surgeons and patients' choosing freely between WALANT and MAC techniques relative to complications and outcomes.

  11. Stop Sagging Doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronk, Bob

    2000-01-01

    Explains how continuous geared hinges can help prevent doors from pulling away from their frames and can last as long as 20 years with little maintenance. Descriptions of three main applications for continuous geared hinges are described. (GR)

  12. Stepwise Distributed Open Innovation Contests for Software Development: Acceleration of Genome-Wide Association Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Andrew; Loh, Po-Ru; Bharadwaj, Ragu B; Pons, Pascal; Shang, Jingbo; Guinan, Eva; Lakhani, Karim; Kilty, Iain; Jelinsky, Scott A

    2017-05-01

    The association of differing genotypes with disease-related phenotypic traits offers great potential to both help identify new therapeutic targets and support stratification of patients who would gain the greatest benefit from specific drug classes. Development of low-cost genotyping and sequencing has made collecting large-scale genotyping data routine in population and therapeutic intervention studies. In addition, a range of new technologies is being used to capture numerous new and complex phenotypic descriptors. As a result, genotype and phenotype datasets have grown exponentially. Genome-wide association studies associate genotypes and phenotypes using methods such as logistic regression. As existing tools for association analysis limit the efficiency by which value can be extracted from increasing volumes of data, there is a pressing need for new software tools that can accelerate association analyses on large genotype-phenotype datasets. Using open innovation (OI) and contest-based crowdsourcing, the logistic regression analysis in a leading, community-standard genetics software package (PLINK 1.07) was substantially accelerated. OI allowed us to do this in computational, numeric, and algorithmic approaches was identified that accelerated the logistic regression in PLINK 1.07 by 18- to 45-fold. Combining contest-derived logistic regression code with coarse-grained parallelization, multithreading, and associated changes to data initialization code further developed through distributed innovation, we achieved an end-to-end speedup of 591-fold for a data set size of 6678 subjects by 645 863 variants, compared to PLINK 1.07's logistic regression. This represents a reduction in run time from 4.8 hours to 29 seconds. Accelerated logistic regression code developed in this project has been incorporated into the PLINK2 project. Using iterative competition-based OI, we have developed a new, faster implementation of logistic regression for genome-wide association

  13. WAC: Closing Doors or Opening Doors for Second Language Writers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Written by a WAC program director and second language writing studies scholar, this article raises questions about how second language writers are faring in WAC programs and the extent to which the fields of second language writing and WAC are informed by each other's scholarship. In this article, Cox draws from her review of 26 journal articles…

  14. Blower door measurements - extended measuring methods; Blower Door-Messungen - erweiterte Messmethoden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geissler, A.; Bolender, T.; Hauser, G. [Kassel Univ. (Germany). Fachgebiet Bauphysik

    1997-05-01

    To determine the air tightness of the external envelope, blower door measurements are normally carried out. The thus determined integral figure for the complete structure is an insufficient basis for carrying out specific insulation procedures in existing buildings. Within the scope of the air tightness measurements with the blower door, additional measuring methods permit the determination of additional information on the leakage distribution and the leakage routes. The expanded measuring methods that are known from the bibliography `opening a door` and `adding a hole` as well as the new method of `adding a hole plus` are explained, compared by means of exemplary measurements, and are considered for their suitability during field trials. (orig.) [Deutsch] Zur Bestimmung der Luftdichtheit der Gebaeudehuelle werden im allgemeinen Blower Door-Messungen durchgefuehrt. Der hierbei bestimmte integrale Wert fuer das gesamte Gebaeude stellt fuer das Ergreifen von gezielten Abdichtungsmassnahmen im Gebaeudebestand eine zu geringe Basis dar. Weiterfuehrende Messmethoden erlauben, im Rahmen von Luftdichtheitsmessungen mit der Blower Door zusaetzliche Informationen ueber die Leckageverteilung und ueber Leckagewege zu bestimmen. Die aus der Literatur bekannten erweiterten Messmethoden `Opening A Door` und `Adding A Hole` sowie die neue Methode `Adding A Hole Plus` werden erlaeutert, anhand von exemplarischen Messungen verglichen und im Feldeinsatz auf ihre Anwendbarkeit hin betrachtet. (orig.)

  15. Traumatic asphyxia--fatal accident in an automatic revolving door.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortis, J; Falk, J; Rothschild, M A

    2015-09-01

    Due to continuing modernisation, the number of automatic doors in routine use, including powered revolving doors, has increased in recent years. Automatic revolving doors are found mostly in department stores, airports, railway stations and hospitals. Although safety arrangements and guidelines concerning the installation of automatic doors are in existence, their disregard in conjunction with obsolete or incorrect installation can lead to fatal accidents. In this report, a 19-month-old boy is described whose right arm was caught between the elements of an automatic revolving door. As a direct result of rescue attempts, the child's body was drawn further into the narrow gap between elements of the door. To get the boy's body out of the 4-cm-wide gap between the fixed outer wall of the revolving door and the revolving inner, back-up batteries had to be disconnected so as to stop the electrical motor powering the door. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was begun immediately after the rescue but was unsuccessful; the child was declared dead at the hospital he was taken to. The cause of death was a combination of compression-related skull and brain injury together with thoracic compression. This case shows an outstanding example of the preventive aspect as a special task of forensic medicine. Additionally, it serves as a warning for the correct installation and use of automatic revolving doors. Even so, small children should not use these doors on their own, but only with an alert companion, so as to prevent further fatal accidents of this sort.

  16. Modified open-door laminoplasty for multiple-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy%改良颈椎后路单开门椎管扩大成形术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔凡磊; 聂志红; 刘中坡; 武玉江; 付秀信

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To discuss the clinical effect of C3 laminectomy and C4-C7 open-door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy(CSM). Methods: From January 2009 to October 2011, 74 patients underwent extensive open-door laminoplasty, detailed as C3 laminectomy reserving attachment of musculus semi-spinalis cervicis and C4-C7 modified open-door laminoplasty. 57 patients got follow-up. Among them, there were 31 males and 26 females. The ages ranged from 50 to 71 years with a mean age of 63 years. The JOA scores were 4-11 points, with a mean of 8.5±2.0 before the operation. The range of motion was 23°-49° with a mean of 37.4°±10.3°. The cervical curvature index was 6.0%-22.0%, with a mean of (13.9±7.4)%. The preoperative and postoperative JOA scores were recorded. The JOA score and the incidence of axial symptom were reviewed. At six months after the operation, the change of ROM and cervical curvature index was noted. Results: The mean operative time was 70min ranging from 50 to 110min. The mean volume of blood loss was 230ml ranging from 150ml to 600ml. No complication such as spinal cord injury or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was noted. 41 patients had early postoperative neck pain, which resolved after corresponsive management. The rate of evident axial symptom was 15.8%. Two patients developed wound infection. Six patients were complicated with C5 nerve root palsy, which alleviated after symptomatic treatment. The patients with postoperative neurological deficit improved to different degrees. The postoperative JOA scores were 10-17 points, with a mean of 13.8±2.3 points, which showed significant difference (P<0.05). The JOA improvement rate was 29.0%-77.3%, with a mean of (57.0±19.7)%. Loss of cervical curvature index was (2.9±2.4)%. The range of motion was 18°-46° with a mean of 28.2°±10.8°, and the loss of ROM was 8.2°±5.1°. No door-re-close was noted during follow-up. Conclusions: C3 laminectomy reserving attachment of musculus semi

  17. Sequestered spaces and defective doors in tales by Collins and Riddell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilse M. Bussing

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2012n62p99   In nineteenth-century texts the Victorian home is not merely asetting for supernatural activity—it is the protagonist. This articleconsiders how architecture engendered and shaped hauntedspace within Gothic texts by focusing on a single feature—the door—whose symbolic charge has been widely discussedby critics. However, instead of focusing on psychoanalyticor feminist notions commonly attached to this element, thisarticle considers architectural manuals of the day in order to“read” spatial and cultural implications of the door in Victorianhouseholds, arguing that an excessive concern for privacy andconcealment in life translates easily into Gothic fiction, in theform of spatial anxiety and infiltration. The discussion centerson two literary texts: The Dead Secret (1857 by Wilkie Collinsand The Open Door by Charlotte Riddell (1882.

  18. Door recognition in cluttered building interiors using imagery and lidar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Vilariño, L.; Martínez-Sánchez, J.; Lagüela, S.; Armesto, J.; Khoshelham, K.

    2014-06-01

    Building indoors reconstruction is an active research topic due to the importance of the wide range of applications to which they can be subjected, from architecture and furniture design, to movies and video games editing, or even crime scene investigation. Among the constructive elements defining the inside of a building, doors are important entities in applications like routing and navigation, and their automated recognition is advantageous e.g. in case of large multi-storey buildings with many office rooms. The inherent complexity of the automation of the recognition process is increased by the presence of clutter and occlusions, difficult to avoid in indoor scenes. In this work, we present a pipeline of techniques used for the reconstruction and interpretation of building interiors using information acquired in the form of point clouds and images. The methodology goes in depth with door detection and labelling as either opened, closed or furniture (false positive)

  19. Genome-Wide Search for Translated Upstream Open Reading Frames in Arabidopsis Thaliana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Qiwen; Merchante, Catharina; Stepanova, Anna N; Alonso, Jose M; Heber, Steffen

    2016-03-01

    Upstream open reading frames (uORFs) are open reading frames that occur within the 5' UTR of an mRNA. uORFs have been found in many organisms. They play an important role in gene regulation, cell development, and in various metabolic processes. It is believed that translated uORFs reduce the translational efficiency of the main coding region. However, only few uORFs are experimentally characterized. In this paper, we use ribosome footprinting together with a semi-supervised approach based on stacking classification models to identify translated uORFs in Arabidopsis thaliana. Our approach identified 5360 potentially translated uORFs in 2051 genes. GO terms enriched in genes with translated uORFs include catalytic activity, binding, transferase activity, phosphotransferase activity, kinase activity, and transcription regulator activity. The reported uORFs occur with a higher frequency in multi-isoform genes, and some uORFs are affected by alternative transcript start sites or alternative splicing events. Association rule mining revealed sequence features associated with the translation status of the uORFs. We hypothesize that uORF translation is a complex process that might be regulated by multiple factors. The identified uORFs are available online at:https://www.dropbox.com/sh/zdutupedxafhly8/AABFsdNR5zDfiozB7B4igFcja?dl=0. This paper is the extended version of our research presented at ISBRA 2015.

  20. Landing Gear Door Liners for Airframe Noise Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael G. (Inventor); Howerton, Brian M. (Inventor); Van De Ven, Thomas (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A landing gear door for retractable landing gear of aircraft includes an acoustic liner. The acoustic liner includes one or more internal cavities or chambers having one or more openings that inhibit the generation of sound at the surface and/or absorb sound generated during operation of the aircraft. The landing gear door may include a plurality of internal chambers having different geometries to thereby absorb broadband noise.

  1. Changes of sagittal balance of cervical spine after open-door expansive laminoplasty%颈后路单开门椎管扩大椎板成形术后颈椎矢状面平衡的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林圣荣; 周非非; 孙宇; 陈仲强; 张凤山; 潘胜发

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the changes of sagittal balance of cervical spine after open-door expansive laminoplasty.Methods The clinical and radiological data were analyzed retrospectively for 90 patients undergoing open-door expansive laminoplasty due to cervical spondylotic myelopathy.The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and 3 cervical sagittal parameters including C2-C7 SVA,C0-2 Cobb angle and T1-Slope on lateral view radiographs were recorded before operation and at the final follow-up.Results The average follow-up period was 16.7 (3-40) months.The post-operative JOA score rose to 14.6 ±0.2 from pre-operative 12.2 ±0.3 with 43.5% ±4.2% recovery rate.The post-operative values of C2-C7 SVA,C0-2 Cobb angle and T1-Slope were significantly different from pre-operative ones (P =0.022,P <0.001,P =0.002).C2-C7 SVA increased to (23.0 ± 1.2) mm from pre-operative (20.7 ± 1.1) mm.C0-2 Cobb angle increased (23.1 ± 0.8) ° from pre-operative (19.9 ± 0.8) ° ; T1-Slope increased to (26.2 ± 0.7) ° from pre-operative (25.1 ± 0.7) °.The changes of C0-2 Cobb angle and T1-Slope were correlated with that of C2-C7 SVA respectively (Pearson =0.469,P < 0.001) (Pearson =0.303,P =0.004).Patients with higher preoperative T1-Slope had less JOA improvement(31.5% vs 53.7%,P =0.019)than those with lower preoperative T1-Slope after laminoplasty.Conclusion The sagittal balance of cervical spine significantly changes after open-door expansive laminoplasty with forward tilting of cervical vertebra.And compensation occurs by excessive high-strength contraction of posterior muscles to maintain lordosis in upper cervical spine.A higher pre-OP T1-Slope affects the outcomes of open-door expansive laminoplasty.%目的 探索颈后路椎管扩大椎板成形术后颈椎矢状位平衡变化.方法 2008年1月至2011年7月北京大学第三医院骨科对90例因脊髓型颈椎病接受C3-C7颈后路单开门椎管扩大椎板成形术患者的临床和影像学资料进

  2. Particulate matter (PM 2.5 levels in ETS emissions of a Marlboro Red cigarette in comparison to the 3R4F reference cigarette under open- and closed-door condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mueller Daniel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Potential health damage by environmental emission of tobacco smoke (environmental tobacco smoke, ETS has been demonstrated convincingly in numerous studies. People, especially children, are still exposed to ETS in the small space of private cars. Although major amounts of toxic compounds from ETS are likely transported into the distal lung via particulate matter (PM, few studies have quantified the amount of PM in ETS. Study aim The aim of this study was to determine the ETS-dependent concentration of PM from both a 3R4F reference cigarette (RC as well as a Marlboro Red brand cigarette (MRC in a small enclosed space under different conditions of ventilation to model car exposure. Method In order to create ETS reproducibly, an emitter (ETSE was constructed and mounted on to an outdoor telephone booth with an inner volume of 1.75 m3. Cigarettes were smoked under open- and closed-door condition to imitate different ventilation scenarios. PM2.5 concentration was quantified by a laser aerosol spectrometer (Grimm; Model 1.109, and data were adjusted for baseline values. Simultaneously indoor and outdoor climate parameters were recorded. The time of smoking was divided into the ETS generation phase (subset “emission” and a declining phase of PM concentration (subset “elimination”; measurement was terminated after 10 min. For all three time periods the average concentration of PM2.5 (Cmean-PM2.5 and the area under the PM2.5 concentration curve (AUC-PM2.5 was calculated. The maximum concentration (Cmax-PM2.5 was taken from the total interval. Results For both cigarette types open-door ventilation reduced the AUC-PM2.5 (RC: from 59 400 ± 14 600 to 5 550 ± 3 900 μg*sec/m3; MRC: from 86 500 ± 32 000 to 7 300 ± 2 400 μg*sec/m3; p mean-PM2.5 (RC: from 600 ± 150 to 56 ± 40 μg/m3, MRC from 870 ± 320 to 75 ± 25 μg/m3; p max-PM2.5 was reduced by about 80% (RC: from 1 050 ± 230 to

  3. Integrating Temporal Media and Open Hypermedia on the World Wide Web

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bouvin, Niels Olof; Schade, René

    1999-01-01

    The World Wide Web has since its beginning provided linking to and from text documents encoded in HTML. The Web has evolved and most Web browsers now support a rich set of media types either by default or by the use of specialised content handlers, known as plug-ins. The limitations of the Web...... linking model are well known and they also extend into the realm of the other media types currently supported by Web browsers. This paper introduces the Mimicry system that allows authors and readers to link to and from temporal media (video and audio) on the Web. The system is integrated with the Arakne...

  4. Air curtain development: an energy harvesting solution for hinged doors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dayal, Vineed; Lee, Soobum

    2017-04-01

    The paper proposes a fully mechanical air curtain system that will be powered solely by harvested energy from common hinged doors. The average person uses this type of door several times a day with an almost unconscious amount of applied force and effort. This leads to a high potential of energy to be harvested in doorways that see high traffic and frequent operation7 . Frequently opened door entry ways have always been regarded as a major element that causes significant energy loss and contaminated air conditions in buildings6 . Private companies, particularly those with warehouses, have introduced commercial electrical air curtains to block the open entrances from invading cold air11. This project intends to introduce an original design of air curtain which operates fans only when the door opens and closes, by directly converting door motion to fan rotation without any electronic motor or power cable. The air stream created by this device will prevent the transfer of outside air and contaminants. Research will be conducted to determine the most efficient method of harvesting energy from door use, and the prototyping process will be conducted to meet the required performance of current air curtain models.

  5. Delayed Open Reduction and K-Wire Fixation of Widely Displaced Supracondylar Fractures of Humerus in Children using Medial Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waikhom, Sanjib; Ibomcha, Irom; Digendra, Akoijam; Sohkhlet, Handboy R

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Supracondylar fractures of humerus in children are usually treated with percutaneous pinning on emergency basis. When the operating time is delayed, percutaneous pinning is difficult due to massive swelling. Late presentation is common in developing countries. Aim To assess the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation with K-wire of widely displaced supracondylar fracture when operated later than 2 days after the injury. Materials and Methods A total of 52 children (aged 3-12 years) with widely displaced supracondylar fracture of humerus (Gartland type-III) who presented later than 2 days after injury were treated with open reduction through medial approach and fixation with cross K-wires. Results were assessed with Flynn’s criteria. Result: A total of 40 patients completed follow-up. Mean age of all (n=52) patients was 4.8 years (range 3-12 years). Mean delay of presentation was 7.5 days (range 2-14 days). Hundred percent patients had satisfactory results according to Flynn’s criteria. Two patients had pin infections. Conclusion Open reduction through medial approach and fixation with two cross K-wires is a reliable method of treatment for supracondylar fractures of humerus in children when the operation is delayed. PMID:27656516

  6. Opening the Door on Triangular Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMartin, Kimberley; McMaster, Heather

    2016-01-01

    As an alternative to looking solely at linear functions, a three-lesson learning progression developed for Year 6 students that incorporates triangular numbers to develop children's algebraic thinking is described and evaluated.

  7. Opening doors to knowledge in Bhutan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    School girls, teachers, and health school students were surveyed, using 3 different questionnaires, in January 1993. Catherine Payne, former research associate of the Family Planning Council of Southeastern Pennsylvania, visited Bhutan from August 18 through September 4, 1993, to assist with the interpretation of results and to interview teachers in schools where the new curriculum would be introduced and officials who were writing it. Results were released in October 1993. 160 young women (10-20 years of age) from 5 schools were surveyed and another 60 were interviewed by Payne. 25% of the surveyed girls understood the connection between menstruation and reproduction. Of those who had heard of menstruation, 60% had heard about it from their friends; 30%, from siblings; 27%, from mothers; and 10%, from schools. Teachers in the survey were supportive of the study and recognized the importance of reproductive health education. Also, officials of the education and health ministries, epidemiologists, experts in information, education, and communication (IEC), and district health officers attended a 2-day workshop directed at local data collection and analysis of this type. Although teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing in Bhutan, family planning services are not reaching youth, particularly those who do not attend school or do not have children. Hospitals provide contraceptives mainly to those over 21, and outreach clinics are not catering to the family planning needs of minors. One of the recommendations of this survey/workshop was to provide correct information on reproductive health to youth.

  8. Opening the door for foreign banks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2004-01-01

    Will central government's tightening policy bring further opportunities to foreign banks?And with less capital available for lending,how much ground will domestic banks lose to their foreign-invested competitors?

  9. Opening the Mexican Door: Continental Defense Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-01

    safety agencies. 18 For more information on the U.S. - Mexico Border Partnership Action Plan see http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/usmxborder...Frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC) La Neta – Proyecto Emisiones: Espacio Virtual. Hazardous Waste Management in the United States – Mexico Border States...Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction

  10. Open the Door for Reading (Motivational Activities).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorhees, Roxy

    Designed to help elementary teachers motivate students to read, this illustrated booklet presents a store of classroom ideas that promote and enrich reading. Materials presented include (1) instructions for making a "bookworm" bookmark for each student; (2) various animated bulletin board games intended to accompany the reading process and to help…

  11. Communication Opens the Door of Reading Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corlett, Donna

    1973-01-01

    Elaborates some of the communication techniques used in a reading laboratory for minority college students who have educational lags in their reading skills. The combination of improved classroom communication and effective reading practice have resulted in special success in reading achievement at the University of Portland, Portland, Oregon.…

  12. Time to Open the BRIC Door

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    MUCH has been said about South Africa joining the BRIC.Detractors say that the country is punching way above its weight. One of the biggest critics of the inclusion has been Jim O’Neill,Chairperson of Goldman Sachs Asset Management,who originally coined the term BRIC in 2001. O’Neill is on record as saying that he believes South Africa was invited for political reasons and not economical ones.He says South Africa’s working population is too small,and therefore had plumped for Nigeria to be a better choice to join the BRIC.South Africa’s total population is 50 million with Nigeria triple that at 150 million.

  13. The Globe reopens its doors

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2016-01-01

    After a year of work, the newly renovated Globe of Science and Innovation will open its doors again at 10 a.m. on Tuesday, 19 April. The “Universe of Particles” exhibition has been updated and will be open to the public, free of charge, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to Saturday (except during official CERN closures). The Globe’s programme of lectures and events for the general public will restart at the end of April. What’s on at the Globe in April and May: - 28 April at 6.30 p.m.: Theatre – “Curie_Meitner_Lamarr_indivisible”, a play that pays tribute to the lives of three exceptional women in the field of science and technology (in English). Reservations: http://indico.cern.ch/e/cmli - 10 May at 8.30 p.m.: Lecture – “Le modèle du CERN et les grands défis mondiaux” (“The CERN model and the key global challenges”) by Michel Spiro (in French with simultaneous ...

  14. Genome-Wide Analysis of Alternative Splicing during Development and Drought Stress in Maize1[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thatcher, Shawn R.; Meng, Xin; Beatty, Mary; Zastrow-Hayes, Gina; Harris, Charlotte; Habben, Jeffrey; Li, Bailin

    2016-01-01

    Alternative splicing plays a crucial role in plant development as well as stress responses. Although alternative splicing has been studied during development and in response to stress, the interplay between these two factors remains an open question. To assess the effects of drought stress on developmentally regulated splicing in maize (Zea mays), 94 RNA-seq libraries from ear, tassel, and leaf of the B73 public inbred line were constructed at four developmental stages under both well-watered and drought conditions. This analysis was supplemented with a publicly available series of 53 libraries from developing seed, embryo, and endosperm. More than 48,000 novel isoforms, often with stage- or condition-specific expression, were uncovered, suggesting that developmentally regulated alternative splicing occurs in thousands of genes. Drought induced large developmental splicing changes in leaf and ear but relatively few in tassel. Most developmental stage-specific splicing changes affected by drought were tissue dependent, whereas stage-independent changes frequently overlapped between leaf and ear. A linear relationship was found between gene expression changes in splicing factors and alternative spicing of other genes during development. Collectively, these results demonstrate that alternative splicing is strongly associated with tissue type, developmental stage, and stress condition. PMID:26582726

  15. Validating Genome-Wide Association Candidates Controlling Quantitative Variation in Nodulation1[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiffin, Peter; Guhlin, Joseph; Atkins, Paul; Baltes, Nicholas J.; Denny, Roxanne

    2017-01-01

    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies offer the opportunity to identify genes that contribute to naturally occurring variation in quantitative traits. However, GWA relies exclusively on statistical association, so functional validation is necessary to make strong claims about gene function. We used a combination of gene-disruption platforms (Tnt1 retrotransposons, hairpin RNA-interference constructs, and CRISPR/Cas9 nucleases) together with randomized, well-replicated experiments to evaluate the function of genes that an earlier GWA study in Medicago truncatula had identified as candidates contributing to variation in the symbiosis between legumes and rhizobia. We evaluated ten candidate genes found in six clusters of strongly associated single nucleotide polymorphisms, selected on the basis of their strength of statistical association, proximity to annotated gene models, and root or nodule expression. We found statistically significant effects on nodule production for three candidate genes, each validated in two independent mutants. Annotated functions of these three genes suggest their contributions to quantitative variation in nodule production occur through processes not previously connected to nodulation, including phosphorous supply and salicylic acid-related defense response. These results demonstrate the utility of GWA combined with reverse mutagenesis technologies to discover and validate genes contributing to naturally occurring variation in quantitative traits. The results highlight the potential for GWA to complement forward genetics in identifying the genetic basis of ecologically and economically important traits. PMID:28057894

  16. A Door-to-Door Combined Transport Planner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aastrup, Jesper; Jespersen, Per Homann; Pedersen, Michael B.

    2004-01-01

    Establishing a web-based portal functioning as a one-stop-shop for transport buyers is a radical idea of a consumer oriented intermodal freight system. This utopian vision will be materialized in a system description and a prototype of a Door-to-Door Combined Trans-port Planner (COTRAP), developed...

  17. PDCI Wide-Area Damping Control: PSLF Simulations of the 2016 Open and Closed Loop Test Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilches Bernal, Felipe [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Pierre, Brian Joseph [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Elliott, Ryan Thomas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Schoenwald, David A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Byrne, Raymond H. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Neely, Jason C. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Trudnowski, Daniel J. [Montana Tech of the Univ. of Montana, Butte, MT (United States); Donnelly, Matthew K. [Montana Tech of the Univ. of Montana, Butte, MT (United States)

    2017-03-01

    To demonstrate and validate the performance of the wide-are a damping control system, the project plans to conduct closed-loop tests on the PDCI in summer/fall 2016. A test plan details the open and closed loop tests to be conducted on the P DCI using the wide-area damping control system. To ensure the appropriate level of preparedness, simulations were performed in order to predict and evaluate any possible unsafe operations before hardware experiments are attempted. This report contains the result s from these simulations using the power system dynamics software PSLF (Power System Load Flow, trademark of GE). The simulations use the WECC (Western Electricity Coordinating Council) 2016 light summer and heavy summer base cases.

  18. Eyes wide open: reader and author responsibility in understanding the limits of peer review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, P J

    2015-10-01

    'Medical science can only flourish in a free society and dies under totalitarian repression.' (1) Peer review post-publication is relatively easy to define: when the world decides the importance of publication. Peer review pre-publication is what the scientific community frequently means when using the term 'peer review'. But what it is it? Few will agree on an exact definition; generally speaking, it refers to an independent, third party scrutiny of a manuscript by scientific experts (called peers) who advise on its suitability for publication. Peer review is expensive; although reviewers are unpaid, the cost in time is enormous and it is slow. There is often little agreement among reviewers about whether an article should be published and peer review can be a lottery. Often referred to as a quality assurance process, there are many examples of when peer review failed. Many will be aware of Woo-Suk Hwang's shocking stem cell research misconduct at Seoul National University. (2) Science famously published two breakthrough articles that were found subsequently to be completely fabricated and this happened in spite of peer review. Science is not unique in making this error. However, love it or hate it, peer review, for the present time at least, is here to stay. In this article, Philippa Benson, Managing Editor of Science Advances (the first open access journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science), discusses the merits of peer review. Dr Benson has extensive experience in the publishing world and was Executive Director of PJB Consulting, a not-for-profit organisation supporting clients on issues related to converting to full electronic publishing workflows as well as challenges working with international authors and publishers. Her clients included the Public Library of Science journals, the American Society for Nutrition and the de Beaumont Foundation. She recently co-authored a book, What Editors Want: An Author's Guide to Scientific Journal

  19. Design and Development of Sound Control Door Lock System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elechi Promise

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Security is very important, especially the security of lives and properties. This work involves the use of sound in controlling the opening and closing of doors using electromechanical application. In this work, sound is used to activate the mechanisms which opens and closes the door without any external effort. The system is made up of two main features, the Security Access system and Control Mechanism. The security access system was designed using circuit wizard software and then constructed on a veroboard and other materials while the control mechanism was constructed using a simple DC motor for the opening and closing of the door. In its operation, a specific sound pattern in form of a positive voltage is sent to pin 14 of IC1, pin 14 of IC1 is connected to a transistor(Q2 which causes the 555timer to oscillate sending pulses to pin 14 of IC2, during this, the output of IC2 then operates in a sequential mode. The code switch then sets the number of beat that will set IC3 into the desire sequential output set by the operator. The output signal energizes the relay which controls the DC motor to open the door and closes after a preset time.The testing showed quick and fast response in operation of the door lock system.

  20. Comparison of two kinds of open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty for multilevel cervical degenerative diseases%两种颈椎椎管扩大成形术治疗多节段颈椎退行性疾病的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永和; 唐劲忠; 黄胜; 刘少喻; 彭新生; 邹学农; 万勇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effects and surgical complications of unilateral and bilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty for multilevel cervical degenerative diseases. Methods A retrospective study was carried on 73 patients with multilevel cervical degenerative disease treated by cervical expansive laminoplasty from January 2008 to January 2013. According to different surgical procedures, they were divided into 2 groups, unilateral open-door group (32 patients) and bilateral open-door group (41 patients). The operation time, intraoperative estimate blood loss, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring improvement rate and postoperative complications were compared between two groups. Results All patients were followed up with an average period of 34.8 months (range, 24 to 52 months), and three patients were lost to follow up after two years later. Operation time and intraoperative estimate blood loss in unilateral open-door group were less than those in bilateral open-door group (P 0.05). In unilateral open-door group, incidence of C5 nerve root palsy, cerebrospinal fluid leakage or surgical site infection (6%, 3%, 3%) was lower than that in bilateral open-door group (7%, 10%, 5%) respectively, but the differences between two groups had no statistical significance (P >0.05); Incidence of axial symptoms in unilateral open-door group (31%) was higher compared with that in bilateral open-door group (12%), there was statistical difference between two groups (P <0.05). Conclusions Both unilateral and bilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty are effective for the treatment of multilevel cervical degenerative diseases, in which the former has shorter operation time and less intraoperative estimate blood loss, while the latter has lower incidence of axial symptoms.%目的:探讨单开门、双开门两种椎管扩大成形术治疗多节段颈椎退行性疾病的临床疗效及并发症发生情况。方法回顾性分析2008年1

  1. Cross-sectional study of the association between a deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus-like appearance and wide-open eyes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunsuke Nakakura

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus (DUES is a common complication of prostaglandin F2α analog treatment, which causes cosmetic problems. However, identifying this condition using photographs is difficult due to such problems as the camera flash effects, blepharoptosis or wide-open eyes. PURPOSE: We investigated the association between a DUES-like appearance and wide-open eyes regarding the presence of wide-open eyes as a cause for overestimating the incidence of DUES. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One eye and the forehead in 100 subjects (31 younger subjects, 30 older subjects and 39 patients with blepharoptosis were evaluated in the present study. Digital photographs of the subjects with natural open and wide-open eyes were taken with a flash. Five signs (a puffy eyelid, the presence/absence of the upper eyelid sulcus (UES, wrinkles on the forehead with natural open eyes and an increase in the number of wrinkles on the forehead and a DUES-like appearance with wide-open eyes were judged to be negative or positive by three independent observers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent predictor(s of a DUES-like appearance with wide-open eyes. RESULTS: Fourteen subjects (four young, three old and seven subjects with blepharoptosis were judged to have a DUES-like appearance with wide-open eyes (14%. The only predictive factor was the presence of UES in the patients with natural open eyes (odds ratio = 17.244, 95% confidence interval: 3.447-86.270, P<0.001. Among the 12 UES-positive subjects, six (50% exhibited a DUES-like appearance with wide-open eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of wide-open eyes can thus cause a DUES-like appearance. Blepharoptosis itself is not a predictive factor; however, care should be taken not to overestimate the incidence of DUES, especially in patients with UES with natural open eyes, as a DUES-like appearance can be caused by wide-open eyes, even in

  2. Effect of lamina open angles in expansion of unilateral open-door laminoplasty on the clinical results in treating cervical myelopathy%颈椎单开门椎管扩大成形术椎板开门角度对脊髓型颈椎病疗效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙天威; 张杭; 卢守亮; 李辉南; 于斌; 张学利

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate and compare the relation between the efficacy and clinical results of expansion of open-door laminoplasty with different angles in lamina open- door.Method: 198 cases were select from July 2006 to January 2009 who underwent posterior cervical unilateral open-doorJaminoplasty and received treatment for more than 24 months follow-up of patients with cervical myelopathy.There were 115 male cases and 83 female case with the mean age of 49±5 years (range,29-72 years).There were 39 double-segment cases,including 11 C3-C5 cases and 28 C4-C6 cases;97 three-segment (C4-C7) cases and 62 four segment (C3-C7) cases.All of these cases iiad cervical spine anterior-posterior and lateral, oblique and double-bit excessive flexion and extension cervical spine X-ray,CT and MRI.Preoperative JOA scores were 4 to 9,an average of 6.3±2.9.By CT scan after 1 week in accordance with the measurement on the angle of the lamina to 30° for the open boundaries,the cases were divided into two groups,to compare operation time, blood loss,postoperative complications,C2-C7 Cobb angle,index of cervical lordosis,cervical movement and tovalues after the shift,and evaluate the neurological function at final follow-up and calculate improvement rate of nerve function.Result:Group A:a total of 76 cases had an opening angle change>30°.Group B: a total 122 cases had an opening angle change 15°-30°.In preoperative JOA scores,C2-C7 Cobb angle,index of cervical lordosis,cervical movement between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference (P>0.05).The surgical time and blood loss in group A were 110±13min and 250±80ml,and in group B respectively 120± 30min and 230±100ml,the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).In group A,51 patients after surgery(67.1%) had axial symptoms,8 patients(10.4%) with C5 nerve root palsy, 1 patient(1.32%) with mild cervical kyphosis.In group B,37 cases (10.5%) had axial symptoms,3 patients (2.4%) with C5 nerve root

  3. With eyes wide open

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frølunde, Lisbeth; Pedersen, Chistina Hee

    2013-01-01

    The paper was presented in the panel “Tending the tensions in co-creation: A critical, reflexive approach to co-creative methods” at the 32nd IHSCR. This paper highlights different forms of tension involved in facilitating creative processes and argues that tension is a necessity for change...

  4. Eyes Wide Open

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodemer, Brett; Brown, Karen; Crowther, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    The Future Voices in Public Services column is a forum for students in graduate library and information science programs to discuss key issues they see in academic library public services, to envision what they feel librarians in public service have to offer to academia, to tell us of their visions for the profession, or to tell us of research…

  5. Deep and Wide Photometry of Two Open Clusters NGC 1245 and NGC 2506: Dynamical Evolution and Halo

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, S H; Ann, H B

    2013-01-01

    We studied the structure of two old open clusters, NGC 1245 and NGC 2506, from a wide and deep VI photometry data acquired using the CFH12K CCD camera at CFHT. We devised a new method for assigning cluster membership probability to individual stars using both spatial positions and positions in the colour-magnitude diagram. From analyses of the luminosity functions at several cluster-centric radii and the radial surface density profiles derived from stars with different luminosity ranges, we found that the two clusters are dynamically relaxed to drive significant mass segregation and evaporation of some fraction of low-mass stars. There seems to be a signature of tidal tail in NGC 1245 but the signal is too low to be confirmed.

  6. Genetics Home Reference: DOORS syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... do not have all of these features. Most people with DOORS syndrome have profound hearing loss caused by changes in the inner ears (sensorineural deafness). Developmental delay and intellectual disability are also often severe in this disorder. The ...

  7. Genome-wide linkage scan for primary open angle glaucoma: influences of ancestry and age at diagnosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristy R Crooks

    Full Text Available Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG is the most common form of glaucoma and one of the leading causes of vision loss worldwide. The genetic etiology of POAG is complex and poorly understood. The purpose of this work is to identify genomic regions of interest linked to POAG. This study is the largest genetic linkage study of POAG performed to date: genomic DNA samples from 786 subjects (538 Caucasian ancestry, 248 African ancestry were genotyped using either the Illumina GoldenGate Linkage 4 Panel or the Illumina Infinium Human Linkage-12 Panel. A total of 5233 SNPs was analyzed in 134 multiplex POAG families (89 Caucasian ancestry, 45 African ancestry. Parametric and non-parametric linkage analyses were performed on the overall dataset and within race-specific datasets (Caucasian ancestry and African ancestry. Ordered subset analysis was used to stratify the data on the basis of age of glaucoma diagnosis. Novel linkage regions were identified on chromosomes 1 and 20, and two previously described loci-GLC1D on chromosome 8 and GLC1I on chromosome 15--were replicated. These data will prove valuable in the context of interpreting results from genome-wide association studies for POAG.

  8. A genome-wide association study for primary open angle glaucoma and macular degeneration reveals novel Loci.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd E Scheetz

    Full Text Available Glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD are the two leading causes of visual loss in the United States. We utilized a novel study design to perform a genome-wide association for both primary open angle glaucoma (POAG and AMD. This study design utilized a two-stage process for hypothesis generation and validation, in which each disease cohort was utilized as a control for the other. A total of 400 POAG patients and 400 AMD patients were ascertained and genotyped at 500,000 loci. This study identified a novel association of complement component 7 (C7 to POAG. Additionally, an association of central corneal thickness, a known risk factor for POAG, was found to be associated with ribophorin II (RPN2. Linked monogenic loci for POAG and AMD were also evaluated for evidence of association, none of which were found to be significantly associated. However, several yielded putative associations requiring validation. Our data suggest that POAG is more genetically complex than AMD, with no common risk alleles of large effect.

  9. A Door-to-Door Combined Transport Planner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aastrup, Jesper; Jespersen, Per Homann; Pedersen, Michael B.

    2004-01-01

    Establishing a web-based portal functioning as a one-stop-shop for transport buyers is a radical idea of a consumer oriented intermodal freight system. This utopian vision will be materialized in a system description and a prototype of a Door-to-Door Combined Trans-port Planner (COTRAP), develope......- and inter-organizational barriers to the establishment of a competitive and effective combined transport system with rail freight operators as the intermodal integrator. In this paper we describes the ideas and methodology behind the project, as well as some preliminary results....

  10. The doors have been removed… for YOUR safety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildgaard, Mette Simonsen

    A sociomaterial case study of how bombs (and their users), doors and politics instigated the destabilization and dismantling of the public telephone booth in Denmark, and the subsequent re-assembling process, through design contests and political struggle, to establish a new appropriate design...... Paper Long Abstract: This sociomaterial case study deals with the destabilization and dismantling of the public telephone booth in Denmark, which began in 1977-1978 when an unforeseen use - a series of bomb attacks - struck the booths in Copenhagen. As a safety measure, police removed the doors...... on the classic box-shaped telephone booths, which had been a part of Danish communication infrastructure since 1932. But the doors were never reinstalled after the capture of the user, who became known as The Telephone Bomber, and a competition for a new open design was commissioned in 1980. The winning design...

  11. Building a world-wide open source community around a software framework: progress, dos, and don'ts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibsen, Jorge; Antognini, Jonathan; Avarias, Jorge; Caproni, Alessandro; Fuessling, Matthias; Gimenez, Guillermo; Verma, Khushbu; Mora, Matias; Schwarz, Joseph; Staig, Tomás.

    2016-08-01

    As we all know too well, building up a collaborative community around a software infrastructure is not easy. Besides recruiting enthusiasts to work as part of it, mostly for free, to succeed you also need to overcome a number of technical, sociological, and, to our surprise, some political hurdles. The ALMA Common Software (ACS) was developed at ESO and partner institutions over the course of more than 10 years. While it was mainly intended for the ALMA Observatory, it was early on thought as a generic distributed control framework. ACS has been periodically released to the public through an LGPL license, which encouraged around a dozen non-ALMA institutions to make use of ACS for both industrial and educational applications. In recent years, the Cherenkov Telescope Array and the LLAMA Observatory have also decided to adopt the framework for their own control systems. The aim of the "ACS Community" is to support independent initiatives in making use of the ACS framework and to further contribute to its development. The Community provides access to a growing network of volunteers eager to develop ACS in areas that are not necessarily in ALMA's interests, and/or were not within the original system scope. Current examples are: support for additional OS platforms, extension of supported hardware interfaces, a public code repository and a build farm. The ACS Community makes use of existing collaborations with Chilean and Brazilian universities, reaching out to promising engineers in the making. At the same time, projects actively using ACS have committed valuable resources to assist the Community's work. Well established training programs like the ACS Workshops are also being continued through the Community's work. This paper aims to give a detailed account of the ongoing (second) journey towards establishing a world-wide open source collaboration around ACS. The ACS Community is growing into a horizontal partnership across a decentralized and diversified group of

  12. 24 CFR 3280.113 - Glass and glazed openings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Glass and glazed openings. 3280.113... Glass and glazed openings. (a) Windows and sliding glass doors. All windows and sliding glass doors shall meet the requirements of § 3280.403 the “Standard for Windows and Sliding Glass Doors Used...

  13. Ontkenning vaderschap door bijzondere curator namens minderjarige

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J.M. Nuytinck (André)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractOntkenning vaderschap door minderjarig kind, vertegenwoordigd door een daartoe benoemde bijzondere curator; niet vereist dat kind in staat is tot redelijke waardering belangen; belang van zeer jeugdig kind kan anders meebrengen

  14. Ontkenning vaderschap door bijzondere curator namens minderjarige

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J.M. Nuytinck (André)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractOntkenning vaderschap door minderjarig kind, vertegenwoordigd door een daartoe benoemde bijzondere curator; niet vereist dat kind in staat is tot redelijke waardering belangen; belang van zeer jeugdig kind kan anders meebrengen

  15. Smediger kaas door juiste voer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hettinga, K.A.; Dijkstra, J.

    2014-01-01

    Veel kaasmakers willen smedige (zachte, smeuïge) kaas maken, want de gemiddelde consument vindt die kaas het lekkerst. Kasper Hettinga en Jan Dijkstra van Wageningen Universiteit vertellen hoe de smedigheid van kaas kan worden beïnvloed door de samenstelling van het veevoer.

  16. Koperemissies door drinkwaterleidingen (herziene editie)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verweij W; Mons MN; Aalbers JEM; Cruchten RGH van; LWD

    1996-01-01

    Ge-inventariseerd werd wat er bekend is over de fluxen van koper door (corrosie van) waterleidingen naar rioolwaterzuiveringsinstallaties (rwzi's), rwzi-slib en het oppervlaktewater. Gebleken is dat in 1993 (landelijk gemiddeld) 57% van de koperbelasting van rwzi's afkomstig is van cor

  17. The World Wide Web as a Tool for Information Retrieval: An Exploratory Study of Users' Strategies in an Open-Ended System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Janette R.

    1997-01-01

    Presents the results of an exploratory study that focused on three elements in information retrieval research: the ways information systems are being used, the strategies users engage as they work in these systems, and the use of the World Wide Web as an information retrieval tool. Highlights include open-ended systems and self-efficacy.…

  18. A Door-to-Door Combined Transport Planner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aastrup, Jesper; Jespersen, Per Homann; Pedersen, Michael B.

    2004-01-01

    - and inter-organizational barriers to the establishment of a competitive and effective combined transport system with rail freight operators as the intermodal integrator. In this paper we describes the ideas and methodology behind the project, as well as some preliminary results.......Establishing a web-based portal functioning as a one-stop-shop for transport buyers is a radical idea of a consumer oriented intermodal freight system. This utopian vision will be materialized in a system description and a prototype of a Door-to-Door Combined Trans-port Planner (COTRAP), developed...... to fulfill the requirements of potential customers and in interaction with customers, shippers, rail and road freight operators, rail infrastructure owners and other actors in the intermodal freight system. Conversely, successive versions of the COTRAP will be used as an instrument to identify intra...

  19. Locked doors in acute inpatient psychiatry: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Merwe, M; Bowers, L; Jones, J; Simpson, A; Haglund, K

    2009-04-01

    Many acute inpatient psychiatric wards in the UK are permanently locked, although this is contrary to the current Mental Health Act Code of Practice. To conduct a literature review of empirical articles concerning locked doors in acute psychiatric inpatient wards, an extensive literature search was performed in SAGE Journals Online, EBM Reviews, British Nursing Index, CINAHL, EMBASE Psychiatry, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Google, using the search terms 'open$', 'close$', '$lock$', 'door', 'ward', 'hospital', 'psychiatr', 'mental health', 'inpatient' and 'asylum'. A total of 11 empirical papers were included in the review. Both staff and patients reported advantages (e.g. preventing illegal substances from entering the ward and preventing patients from absconding and harming themselves or others) and disadvantages (e.g. making patients feel depressed, confined and creating extra work for staff) regarding locked doors. Locked wards were associated with increased patient aggression, poorer satisfaction with treatment and more severe symptoms. The limited literature available showed the urgent need for research to determine the real effects of locked doors in inpatient psychiatry.

  20. Open source tool for prediction of genome wide protein-protein interaction network based on ortholog information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedamallu Chandra Sekhar

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Protein-protein interactions are crucially important for cellular processes. Knowledge of these interactions improves the understanding of cell cycle, metabolism, signaling, transport, and secretion. Information about interactions can hint at molecular causes of diseases, and can provide clues for new therapeutic approaches. Several (usually expensive and time consuming experimental methods can probe protein - protein interactions. Data sets, derived from such experiments make the development of prediction methods feasible, and make the creation of protein-protein interaction network predicting tools possible. Methods Here we report the development of a simple open source program module (OpenPPI_predictor that can generate a putative protein-protein interaction network for target genomes. This tool uses the orthologous interactome network data from a related, experimentally studied organism. Results Results from our predictions can be visualized using the Cytoscape visualization software, and can be piped to downstream processing algorithms. We have employed our program to predict protein-protein interaction network for the human parasite roundworm Brugia malayi, using interactome data from the free living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Availability The OpenPPI_predictor source code is available from http://tools.neb.com/~posfai/.

  1. The clinical application of unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece titanium plate fixation for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy%单开门椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板固定术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾云; 熊敏; 余化龙; 何宁; 王志勇; 刘志刚; 韩珩; 陈森; 郭乐运

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of unilateral open -door cervical expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece titanium plate fixation for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Methods 39 patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy were randomly divided into "centerpiece titanium plate" group and "tradition" group. Before and after operation, the JOA score were performed. The improving rate of nerve function,the rate of spinal canal expansion and the rates of complication were compared after operation. Results Before operation,both of the two groups were the same in age and JOA score (P>0.05). Two groups of operative time were respec-tively( 109±25) min and (lll±23) min,there were no significant differences between them(P>0.05). The rate of spinal canal expansion of "centerpiece titanium plate" group (61 %±21%)was obviously higher than"tradition"group(40%±17%)(P0.05),but"centerpiece titanium plate" group had a significant increase at 12 months after operation (P<0.05). CT scan at 3-6 months after operation displayed that door spindle already reach osseous fusion. There were no occurrence of "re-close of door" in two groups. Conclusion The rate9 of complication of "centerpiece titanium plate" group were lower than "tradition" group (P<0.05). Conclusion Unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece titanium plate fixation is a new operation which is safe,simple,effective with few complication.%目的 评价单开门颈椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板固定术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的临床应用价值.方法 39例多节段脊髓型颈椎病患者随机分为Centerpiece钛板组(18例)及传统组(21例),治疗前后行JOA评分,比较治疗后神经功能改善率、椎管扩大率、并发症发生率.结果 前两组年龄、JOA评分均无显著性差异;两组手术时间分别为(109±25) min和(111±23) min,无显著性差异( P>0.05);Centerpiece钛板组椎管扩大率(61%±21

  2. Biomechanics of expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty of the cervical spine with OsteoMed M3 plate and screws%颈椎单开门OsteoMed M3钉板内固定椎管扩大成形术的生物力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡孔和; 吴强; 靳安民; 段扬; 席新华; 赵卫东

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察在单开门术中应用OsteoMed M3钉板内固定重建颈椎稳定性的效果.方法 6具新鲜颈椎标本,对每一标本先后行完整颈椎组、后路单开门OsteoMed M3钉板内固定组、后路椎板切除组、后路椎板切除加侧块钉棒内固定组的三维运动范围测试.结果 行后路钢板内固定组,在前屈(22.65±2.39)、后伸(15.63±1.56)、左侧弯(19.83±3.16)、右侧弯(16.90±2.13)及右旋(19.45±3.00)状态下运动范围与椎板切除组及侧块钉棒组之间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),与正常组的运动范围接近,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);在左旋(20.67±2.89)状态下运动范围与其他各组之间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).椎板切除及侧块钉棒组与其他各组之间的差异有统计学意义(JP<0.05).结论 在单开门术中应用OsteoMed M3钉板内固定具有良好的生物力学性能,可重建颈椎稳定性.%Objective To investigate the stability of cervical vertebrae of the method for that OsteoMed M3 titanium plate and screws were used to secure the posterior elements in the open position after expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty.Methods Six human cadaveric specimens were harvested freshly,and the range of motion of different groups was measured by a three-dimensional spinal stability test,including intact cervical specimens group,laminoplasty with plate group,laminectomy group,and laminectomy and fusion group.Results After expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty,the plate group exhibited a more significant difference in angular motion than in laminectomy group,and laminectomy and fusion group in ROM of flexion (22.65 ± 2.39),extension (15.63 ± 1.56),left lateral bending (19.83 ±3.16),right lateral bending (16.90 ± 2.13) and right axial rotation (19.45 ± 3.00) (P < 0.05),and it was not significantly different from intact cervical specimens group (P > 0.05).The plate group exhibited a more significant difference in angular

  3. 两种颈后路单开门手术方法对颈椎曲度指数及活动度的影响%Clinical effect of two posterior single open-door laminoplasty on cervical curvature index and ranges of neck motion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔凡磊; 申勇; 聂志红; 刘中坡; 纪江峰; 侯市宾

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To discuss clinical effect of two posterior single open - door laminoplasty on cervical curvature index and movement of the cervical spine. [Methods] Since June 2008 to September 2011, 41 patients underwent extensive open - door laminoplasty, as reserved insertion of musculus semispinalis cervicis with C3 laminectomy and C4_7 modified open - door laminoplasty using "anchoring metlaod" ( Group A) , 37 patients underwent conventional C3_7 open - door laminoplasty (Group B) . Preoperative and postoperative improvement rate of Japanese Orthopedic Association ( JO A) scores, ranges of neck motion, cervical curvature indices were recorded and compared. [ Results] The average of JOA improvement rate were (57. 5 ± 19.4)% for group A , and (56. 3 ± 19. 8)% for group B. There was no significant difference in JOA improvement rate between two groups. Loss of cervical curvature indices were (2. 86 ± 2.44)% in group A and (5. 31 ±2. 12)% in group B, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01) . Loss of ranges of neck motion were (8. 27 ± 5. 03 ) ° in group A and (11. 06 ± 6. 97 ) ° in group B, significant difference was also seen (P < 0. 01) . [ Conclusion ] Compared with the conventional operation, C3 laminectomy and C4_7 modified open-door laminoplasty using "anchoring method" is effective in preventing the loss of cervical curvature index and movement of the cervical spine, with adequate decompression of the spinal cord.%[目的]探讨两种颈后路单开门手术方法对术后患者神经功能改善率、颈椎曲度指数、颈椎活动度的影响及其临床意义.[方法]自2008年6月~2011年9月,78例脊髓型颈椎病患者接受颈后路单开门椎管扩大成形术.A组41例患者行改良术式,即保留颈半棘肌肌止,切除C3椎板,C4-7“锚定法”单开门椎管扩大成形术.B组37例患者行传统C3-7单开门椎管成形术.计算两组患者神经功能改善率及术前术后颈椎曲度指数、颈椎活

  4. 后路单开门颈椎管扩大成形术联合微型钛板固定治疗颈椎后纵韧带骨化症16例%Use of titanium miniplate in cervical expansive open-door laminoplasty for the treatment of Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤志兵; 杨惠林; 王根林

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨颈椎后路微型钛板内固定单开门椎管扩大成形术治疗颈椎后纵韧带骨化症(OPLL)的近期随访疗效.方法 选择2009年06月~2011年02月我院行后路单开门椎管扩大椎板成形术并获得完整随访资料的颈椎后纵韧带骨化症患者16例,手术开门减压节段均为C3~C7,"开门"侧均使用微型钛板内固定.采用JOA评分评价患者术前、术后神经功能,并计算改善率;对患者术前术后X线、CT及MRI影像学资料进行比较,分析颈椎曲度、椎管矢状径变化及脊髓压迫改善程度,并统计手术并发症.结果 所有患者随访6~26个月,平均16.4个月,JOA评分从术前平均8.4±1.1分提高至术后平均13.1±1.5分,平均改善率(52.81±16.4)%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),术后颈椎曲度为18.2±5.1°,与术前17.4±4.2°比较无统计学差异;术前椎管矢状径平均为9.2±1.3mm,术后平均为17.4±1.8mm (P<0.05),末次随访仍能维持;16例患者术后脊髓压迫较术前均明显改善.手术并发脑脊液漏1例,C5,神经根麻痹1例,轴性症状2例.结论 颈椎后路微型钛板内固定单开门椎管扩大成形术是治疗颈椎后纵韧带骨化症的一种安全有效的方法.%Objective Exploration of the efficacy of Use of titanium miniplate in cervical expansive open-door laminopla-sty( open-door ELAP )for the treatment of Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament( OPLL I Methods From Jun 2009 to Feb 2011, a total of 16 cases with Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament( OPLL ) underwent open-door ELAP and were followed up in our hospital. All patients had decompression range from C3 to C7, "open-door"side were fixed using titanium miniplate.The preoperative and postoperative neurological status was evaluated by JOA scoring system and the improvement rate was also calculated; The preoperative and postoperative imaging examination data including X-rays, CT and MR1 were also compared

  5. Holiday Door Decorating Contest Brings Cheer | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Carolynne Keenan, Contributing Writer Other than the time of year, what do the following have in common: the leg lamp from the movie “A Christmas Story,” a compilation of silly holiday jokes, a gingerbread house, and Santa on a motorcycle? All four were among the individual door winners for the Holiday Door Decorating Contest, held at NCI at Frederick in December. Employees dressed up their office doors, hallways, and even stairwells to participate. Entries for the contest included individual office doors as well as groups. Some employees even “decked the halls” of whole office buildings to participate.

  6. Literature Survey on Door Lock Security Systems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pradnya R Nehete; J P Chaudhari; S R Pachpande; K P Rane

    2016-01-01

    .... Due to the advancement in recent techniques, some door lock security systems are based on microcontroller, GSM, GPS, many sensors, software like MATLAB, PROTEUS, biometrics like face recognition...

  7. Extensivering van de begeleiding door het inzetten van peer- en self-assessment in IMTO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten-ten Brinke, Desirée

    2011-01-01

    Joosten-ten Brinke, D. (2011). Extensivering van de begeleiding door het inzetten van peer- en self-Assessment in IMTO. In E. Bakker, W. Giesbertz, J. von Grumbkow, & T. Houtmans (Red.), Ontwikkeling van de onderzoekscompetentie aan de Open Universiteit (pp. 121-128). Heerlen: Open universiteit.

  8. Investigation into the acceptability of door locking to staff, patients, and visitors on acute psychiatric wards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muir-Cochrane, Eimear; van der Merwe, Marie; Nijman, Henk; Haglund, Kristina; Simpson, Alan; Bowers, Len

    2012-02-01

    There is disagreement among psychiatric professionals about whether the doors of acute psychiatric wards should be kept locked to prevent patients from leaving and harming themselves or others. This study explored patient, staff, and visitor perceptions about the acceptability of locking the ward door on acute psychiatric inpatient wards. Interviews were conducted with 14 registered nurses, 15 patients, and six visitors from three different acute wards. Findings revealed commonalities across all groups, with general agreement that locking the door reduced absconding. Staff expressed feelings of guilt, embarrassment, and fear of being blamed when a patient absconded. Staff also reported that open wards created anxious vigilance to prevent an abscond and increased workload in allocating staff to watch the door, whereas staff on partially-locked doors also perceived an increased workload in letting people in and out of the ward. Patients had mixed feelings about the status of the door, expressing depression, a sense of stigma, and low self-esteem when the door was locked. The issue of balancing safety and security on acute psychiatric wards against the autonomy of patients is not easily resolved, and requires focused research to develop innovative nursing practices. © 2011 The Authors. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing © 2011 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  9. 33 CFR 100.905 - Door County Triathlon; Door County, WI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Door County Triathlon; Door County, WI. 100.905 Section 100.905 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.905 Door County...

  10. 颈椎后路椎管扩大成形置入微型钛板:矢状面参数变化与修复效果的关系%Posterior cervical open-door expansive laminoplasty with mini-titanium plate:correlation between cervical sagittal alignment and repair effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾勇; 王强; 辛天闻; 杨惠林; 陈亮

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Posterior cervical open-door expansive laminoplasty is one of the simple and effective methods to treat cervical spinal diseases, has satisfactory results but low complications. However, the imbalance of sagittal plan, loss of lordosis or axial pain is often reported recently. OBJECTVE:To analyze the correlation between cervical sagittal alignment and clinical outcomes after laminoplasty. METHODS:Between January 2011 and June 2015, 122 cases of cervical spinal disease, who were treated with open-door expansive laminoplasty with mini-titanium plate, were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Neck Disability Index and Visual Analogue Scale. Radiographic results were assessed by C2-7 Cobb angle, C2-7 sagittal vertical axis and C7 slope. The correlation between sagittal alignment and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Al patients were fol owed up for 7-32 months. (2) Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Neck Disability Index and Visual Analogue Scale scores were improved in the final fol ow-up (al P0.05). (4) These findings indicated that posterior cervical open-door expansive laminoplasty with mini-titanium plate can significantly improve the neurological function of patients. However, there is no correlation between cervical sagittal alignment and clinical outcomes.%背景:颈椎后路单开门椎管扩大成形术是治疗颈椎疾患的良好术式,具有临床疗效确切,操作相对简单,以及并发症少等优点。然而单开门术后颈椎矢状面失衡,前凸角度丢失或轴性痛等的报道并不少见。目的:探讨颈椎后路单开门椎管扩大成形微型钛板置入的疗效与矢状面参数变化之间的关系。方法:回顾性分析2011年1月至2015年6月采用单开门椎管扩大成形微型钛板置入治疗的122例颈椎疾患病例,利用日本骨科协会(JOA)评分、颈椎功能障碍指数及疼痛目测类比评分

  11. 29 CFR 1917.114 - Cargo doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cargo doors. 1917.114 Section 1917.114 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Terminal Facilities § 1917.114 Cargo doors. (a) Mechanically operated. (1) Cargo...

  12. Goedkopere weefselkweekplantjes door kweek in het donker

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klerk, de G.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    Weefselkweek is duur. Daardoor zijn voordelen van weefselvermeerdering maar bij een klein aantal gewassen te benutten. Tot nu toe zijn de kosten teruggbracht door stoomlijnen van de productie en door overbrengen van de bulkproductie naar lagelonenlanden. Er zijn pogingen geweest het weefselkweekproc

  13. Outsourcing van het ICT door overheidsinstellingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, L.; Theeuwes, J.J.M.; Janssens, L.

    2003-01-01

    Het IWI heeft onlangs gewezen op de risico’s van outsourcing van ICT door het UWV. Ook het uitbesteden van ICT door gemeenten is niet zonder risico. Om outsourcingsbeslissingen van gemeenten en UWV te kunnen beoordelen wil het ministerie meer inzicht in de effecten van outsourcing. De directie

  14. Open-nucleus breeding strategies compared with population-wide positive assortative mating: I. Equal distribution of testing efforts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lstibůrek, M; Mullin, T J; Lindgren, D; Rosvall, O

    2004-10-01

    Positive assortative mating (PAM) can enhance the additive genetic variance in a breeding population(BP). This increases the potential for gains in the production population (PP, selected subset of the BP) for recurrent selection programs in forest trees. The assortment of mates can be either: (1) by individual tree rank across the whole BP (PAM), or (2) trees of similar rank can be merged into larger hierarchical groups and then mated randomly within group ("open"-nucleus breeding,NB). The objective of this study was to compare PAM and NB in quantitative terms. The NB simulation model assumed two tiers (nucleus, main) with unrestricted migration between the tiers. Clonal tests were used to predict breeding values and test resources per mate were kept constant for all mates. Both gain and diversity were combined into a single selection criterion, "group-merit selection." Alternatives were compared over five breeding cycles by considering genetic gain and diversity in a selected PP established in a seed orchard. The assortment of mates in both alternatives enhanced additive variance and increased the additive effect in the BP, leading to additional gain in the PP. Gains generated under PAM always exceeded gains under NB. Thus, the main message from this study is that PAM in both the short- and long-term results in more gain at any target level of diversity in the PP (the breeder's target) than is achieved by the NB alternative. The optimum size of the nucleus varies with the desired level of seed orchard diversity. At lower target diversity, smaller nucleus sizes are favorable, while larger sizes result in more gain when seed orchard diversity is considered more important.

  15. TH-C-BRB-03: Open Source Hardware in the Context of Simple and Widely Shared Clinical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, J

    2016-06-01

    By definition, Open Source Hardware (OSH) is "hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design". The advantages of OSH are multiple and the movement has been growing exponentially over the last couple years, leading to the spread and evolution of 3D printing technologies, the creation of affordable and easy to use micro-controller boards (Arduino, Raspberry Pi, etc.), as well as a plurality of other "hands-on"/DIY projects. As we have seen over the past few years with 3D printing, where the number of projects benefiting clinical practice as grown significantly, the highly educated and technology savvy Medical Physics community is positioned to take advantage of and benefit from paradigm-shifting movements. Sharing of knowledge, know-how, and technology can be a key factor in furthering the impact medical physicists can have. Whether it is to develop phantoms, applicators, detector holders or devices based on the use of motors and sensors, sharing design files significantly enables further development. Because these designs would be massively peer-reviewed through their online publication, improvements would be made, and the creators of the design would be rewarded with an increase number of citation of their work. A curated database of software and hardware projects can be an invaluable to the field, but a critical mass of contributors is likely needed to guarantee the most impact. This symposium will discuss the benefits and hurdles for such an endeavor.

  16. Anthracene-containing wide-band-gap conjugated polymers for high-open-circuit-voltage polymer solar cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Xue; Li, Cuihong; Lu, Zhen; Li, Guangwu; Mei, Qiang; Fang, Tao; Bo, Zhishan

    2013-07-25

    The synthesis, characterization, and photophysical and photovoltaic properties of two anthracene-containing wide-band-gap donor and acceptor (D-A) alternating conjugated polymers (P1 and P2) are described. These two polymers absorb in the range of 300-600 nm with a band gap of about 2.12 eV. Polymer solar cells with P1:PC71 BM as the active layer demonstrate a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 2.23% with a high Voc of 0.96 V, a Jsc of 4.4 mA cm(-2) , and a comparable fill factor (FF) of 0.53 under simulated solar illumination of AM 1.5 G (100 mW cm(-2) ). In addition, P2:PC71 BM blend-based solar cells exhibit a PCE of 1.42% with a comparable Voc of 0.89 V, a Jsc of 3.0 mA cm(-2) , and an FF of 0.53. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Genome-Wide Targets Regulated by the OsMADS1 Transcription Factor Reveals Its DNA Recognition Properties1[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanday, Imtiyaz; Das, Sanjukta; Chongloi, Grace L; Vijayraghavan, Usha

    2016-01-01

    OsMADS1 controls rice (Oryza sativa) floral fate and organ development. Yet, its genome-wide targets and the mechanisms underlying its role as a transcription regulator controlling developmental gene expression are unknown. We identify 3112 gene-associated OsMADS1-bound sites in the floret genome. These occur in the vicinity of transcription start sites, within gene bodies, and in intergenic regions. Majority of the bound DNA contained CArG motif variants or, in several cases, only A-tracts. Sequences flanking the binding peak had a higher AT nucleotide content, implying that broader DNA structural features may define in planta binding. Sequences for binding by other transcription factor families like MYC, AP2/ERF, bZIP, etc. are enriched in OsMADS1-bound DNAs. Target genes implicated in transcription, chromatin remodeling, cellular processes, and hormone metabolism were enriched. Combining expression data from OsMADS1 knockdown florets with these DNA binding data, a snapshot of a gene regulatory network was deduced where targets, such as AP2/ERF and bHLH transcription factors and chromatin remodelers form nodes. We show that the expression status of these nodal factors can be altered by inducing the OsMADS1-GR fusion protein and present a model for a regulatory cascade where the direct targets of OsMADS1, OsbHLH108/SPT, OsERF034, and OsHSF24, in turn control genes such as OsMADS32 and OsYABBY5. This cascade, with other similar relationships, cumulatively contributes to floral organ development. Overall, OsMADS1 binds to several regulatory genes and, probably in combination with other factors, controls a gene regulatory network that ensures rice floret development. PMID:27457124

  18. Do locked doors in psychiatric hospitals prevent patients from absconding?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Undine E. Lang

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: In the acute treatment of acute psychiatric patients coercive measures are often required and therapeutic relationships can be affected by such measures. In this study we assessed whether opening the entrance door of an acute psychiatric ward influences absconding behaviour. Methods: An acute psychiatric ward was primarily closed (91.4% for six months and primarily open (75.6% for six months over the time period of one year. In this one year period, 337 patients were treated (206 male, age: 40 ± 16 years: 60.2% of the patients had schizophrenia, 13.6% had affective disorders, 11.6% suffered from addiction and 14.5% displayed other diagnoses. Results: In terms of age (t = 0.026, df = 335, p = 0.979, gender (chi² = 1.6, df = 1, p = 0.13, diagnoses (chi² = 7.337, df = 1, p = 0.062 and duration of stay (t = -0.90, df = 335, p = 0.928, we found no significant differences between the patients admitted in the closed and those admitted in the open ward period. Absconding (df = 1, chi² = 5.107, p = 0.029, aggressive incidents (chi² = 4.46, df = 1, p = 0.050 and coercive medications (chi² = 4.646, df = 1, p = 0.037 were observed significantly more often in the closed door period. Moreover, the duration up to readmission was reduced in the closed time period (t = 2.314, df = 54, p = 0.025. Conclusions: We hypothesize that open doors reduce patient's discomfort, improve ward atmosphere and aggressive acts and do not appear to increase the risk of absconding.

  19. 颈椎后路单开门手术对颈椎三维运动及刚性的影响%The effect of the expansive open-door laminoplasty on the three-dimensional motion and stiffness of the cervical spine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维善; 陈其昕; 王性力

    2001-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of the expansive open-door laminoplasty on the three-dimensional motion and stiffness of the cervical spine. Methods 55 cases after open-door laminoplasty of cervical spine due to myelopathy were follow-up for an average of 35.9 months. Cervical axial symptoms, neural functionality (JOA scoring system) and pre- and post-surgery dynamic cervical spine lateral X-ray films were evaluated. The Three-dimensional Motion and Stiffness of the Cervical Spine of Human Body Measuring Equipment was used in 12 post-operative open door laminoplasty cases and 10 pre-operative cases to measure the active and passive range of motion(ROM), load-displacement relationship, stiffness of cervical spine and torque caused by the isometric contraction of the extensors and flexors of the cervical spine. Results The average rate of improvement was 66. 2%. The excellent and good rate was 78.2%. The number of cases with distinct or severe cervical axial symptoms increased after the surgery ( P < 0. O1 ) . The patients who have severe axial symptoms tend to have less curved cervical spine (P < 0. 01 ) . There was no significant statistic difference between the severity of post-surgery cervical axial symptoms and JOA improvement level (P > 0. 05). The active and passive ROM of extension, rotation and lateral bending of cervical spine were decreased after the surgery ( P < 0. 05), and the main affection was on the middle and lower part of the cervical spine. The load-displacement figure of cervical spine can fit into an exponential equation T= b0eb1θ. In each direction, the lateral bending had the strongest stiffness, then the extension and flexion. The stiffness of rotation was the weakest. The stiffness of cervical spine of the post-surgery group was stronger than that of the contrast group. Conclusion The open-door laminoplasty of cervical spine damages the static mechanic balance on the sagittal plane and decreases the ROM and the flexibility of cervical

  20. Exposure of wide cerebellomedullary cisterns for vascular lesion surgeries in cerebellomedullary cisterns: opening of unilateral cerebellomedullary fissures combined with lateral foramen magnum approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsushima, Toshio; Kawashima, Masatou; Inoue, Kohei; Matsushima, Ken; Miki, Koichi

    2014-11-01

    To clarify microsurgical anatomic features of the cerebellomedullary fissure (CMF), the natural cleavage plane between the cerebellum and the medulla, and its relationship to the cerebellomedullary cistern (CMC) and to describe a surgical technique that uses the unilateral trans-CMF approach for CMC surgeries. In the anatomic study, 2 formalin-fixed cadaver heads were used. In the clinical study, 3 patients with vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms and 3 patients with glossopharyngeal neuralgia were surgically treated through the unilateral trans-CMF approach combined with the transcondylar fossa approach, which is a lateral foramen magnum approach. The CMC was present at the lateral end of the CMF. The CMF was closed by arachnoidal adhesion, and the cerebellar hemisphere was superiorly attached to the cerebellar peduncle. After the unilateral CMF was completely opened, the cerebellar hemisphere was easily retracted rostrodorsally. Clinically, almost completely opening the unilateral CMF markedly enabled the retraction of the biventral lobule to obtain a wide surgical field safely for vascular CMC lesions. We present 2 representative cases. Combined unilateral trans-CMF/lateral foramen magnum approaches provide a wide and close surgical field in the CMC, allowing easy and safe CMC surgery. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Retreatment of endodontically failed tooth with wide-open apex using platelet rich fibrin membrane as matrix and an apical plug of Biodentine™

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajinkya Mansing Pawar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The primary reason for an endodontic failure is the persistence or regrowth of bacteria within the root canal system, and such cases require retreatment. The tooth root development and closure of its apex occurs till 3 years after the eruption. Traumatic injuries during this development period result in endodontic complications. While dealing with a tooth, with an open apex the prime objective was eliminating bacteria from the root canal system with minimum irritation to the periapical tissues and induction of apical closure to produce favorable conditions and to confine the root canal filling within the canal space. Traditionally as supported by literature multiple dressings of calcium hydroxide medicament were advocated to induce apical barrier formation followed by an evolution of the apical artificial barrier technique where the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA was used. Recently introduced Biodentine™ is similar to MTA with its basic composition, which can be used as its substitute. The main difficulty associated while treating teeth with wide-open apices are preventing the overfilling of the restorative materials that serve as an artificial barrier. Use of a matrix overcomes this challenge. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF a matrix of autologous fibrin, embedded with a large quantity of platelet and leukocyte cytokines during centrifugation can be successfully used as an apical membrane. The present case, reports a novel procedure of apexification of endodontically failed central incisor with open apex using PRF as apical membrane and Biodentine™.

  2. An unexpected knock on Corrigan's secret door.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woywodt, Alexander

    2010-10-01

    Corrigan's secret door describes a metaphorical escape route for busy physicians. The term was derived from the successful and exceptionally busy professional life of Irish physician Dominic John Corrigan (1802-80). It is claimed that Corrigan's outpatient clinic was so busy that he required a secret door in his consulting rooms to escape from the ever-growing queue of eager patients. The origins of this charming story are unknown, and the door may have never existed. However, at present, Corrigan's secret door is often quoted when busy physicians have their own little ways in surviving a stressful professional life. Generations of British-trained doctors have grown up with Corrigan's secret door, as it was featured in the introduction of the Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine. Accordingly, trainees as well as more senior doctors are often reminded that having a 'secret door' is vital in surviving in the medical profession. My own escape is through classical music and the violoncello, in particular. As the name implies, my own secret door is normally invisible to colleagues and patients. This little article is about a patient who found me out, and a reflection on the role of classical music and the cello in my professional life.

  3. The clinical effects of expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty of the cervical spine with OsteoMed M3 plate and screws fixation%颈椎单开门椎管扩大成形术OsteoMed M3钉板固定的疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席新华; 吴强; 胡孔和; 包拥政; 李文俊; 何小龙; 朱文刚; 冯宗玉; 钟学仁

    2012-01-01

      目的总结颈椎单开门椎管扩大成形术中OsteoMed M3钉板内固定的效果.方法回顾性分析2007年10月至2011年2月汕头大学医学院附属粤北人民医院收治的20例颈椎病患者的临床资料,患者行颈椎单开门椎管扩大成形术并应用OsteoMed M3钉板固定;术后1周、12个月测量椎板开门角度和纤维性椎管矢状径(FSD),计算开门角度增加率和丢失率;术后3、12个月进行JOA评分并计算改善率;观察术后12个月轴性症状分级并计算其发生率.结果20例患者均顺利完成手术,未出现神经损伤、伤口感染等并发症.术后平均随访时间17.3个月.术后1周开门角度及FSD均明显较术前增加(P<0.05);术后12个月开门角度及FSD较术后1周有所降低,但仍明显高于术前(P<0.05).术后3、12个月JOA评分分别为(8.4±1.8)分、(11.0±2.4)分,与术前的(5.5±2.0)分比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);术后3、12个月JOA改善率分别为(25±16)%、(48±22)%.术后12个月,5例(25%)患者出现轴性症状,其中可3例、差2例,经治疗后4例缓解、1例缓解不明显.结论OsteoMed M3钉板系统操作安全简单,可保证脊柱的稳定性.%  Objective To evaluate the clinical effects of OsteoMed M3 titanium plate and screws fixation in expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty of the cervical spine. Methods From October 2007 to February 2011, 20 patients with cervical spondylosis were treated by expansive unilateral open-door laminoplasty using OsteoMed M3 plate and screws fixation at Yuebei People's Hospital Affiliated to Shantou University Medical College. The lamina open angle and fibrous sagittal diameter (FSD) were measured at 1 week and 12 months after operation, and the increase rate and loss rate of open angle were calculated. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring was applied to evaluate at 3, 12 months after operation, and JOA recovery rate was calculated. Axial symptom (AS) was

  4. Open reduction for congenital dislocation of the hip: comparison of the long-term results of the wide exposure method and Ludloff's method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsushita, T; Miyake, Y; Akazawa, H; Eguchi, S; Takahashi, Y

    1999-01-01

    We compared the long-term clinical and radiographic results of two methods of open reduction for congenital dislocation of the hip; a wide exposure method (360-degree circumferential capsulotomy) versus Ludloff's method (limited capsulotomy via the medial approach). Thirty-one hips in 24 patients assigned to group A received the wide exposure method and 32 hips in 27 patients assigned to group B had the Ludloff reduction. All patients were surgically reduced at less than 3 years of age. The follow-up averaged 16 years. None of the hips in group A required additional operations; however, 34.4% of the hips in group B did. At the latest review, 26 (83.9%) of the hips in group A were rated as Severin class I or II. Except for one patient, none had pain or a limp. Of the hips in group B, 18 (56.3%) were rated as Severin class I or II. Three patients had pain or Trendelenburg gait. Avascular necrosis occurred in 3.2% of hips in group A and in 21.9% of hips in group B. The wide exposure method is capable of completely releasing the posterosuperior tightness resulting from capsular adhesion to the ilium and the contracted short external rotators. Releasing the posterosuperior tightness from these structures seemed to provide a better chance of achieving an anatomically and functionally satisfactory hip.

  5. A case of possessive state with onset influenced by 'door-to-door' sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, S; Obata, S; Seno, E; Okada, T; Morita, N; Saito, T; Yoshikawa, M; Yamagami, A

    1996-12-01

    Recently in Japan, 'door-to-door sales' has become of concern because it has created numerous legal and social problems. In this paper, a 47 year old dissociative trance disorder case who presented with possession by God is discussed. Specific types of door-to-door sales is known to use superstition and folk beliefs as tools to lure customers. In this particular case, these religious factors seemed to have played an important role in the precipitation of the disorder and its presentation. In addition, the brain-washing environment observed in video lectures used in door-to-door sales seemed to play an important role in the development of the possessive state. We also performed social psychiatric analysis of the occurrence of the possessive state in a city area, which has been considered to develop within traditional culture. Phenomenological classification by one of the authors was useful for diagnosing underlying disorders in the possessive state.

  6. Linear motor system for sliding door for 209-series 950-generation electric railcar; 209 kei 950 dai densha soku hikidoyo rinia motor system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-10

    The system named above has been delivered to East Japan Railway Co. by Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., for use aboard the railway company`s prototype car to close the sliding door and is now in test use, the car designed to carry both commuters and suburbanites. This is the first product of the linear motor-driven type intended to close the sliding door aboard a railway car. Some features are stated below. The door lock and the door lock disengagement unit are improved, with their reliability enhanced. TIMS (train information management system) control and transmission enable the opening and closing of the door, supervision over the individual door state, parameter rewriting, etc., from the driver`s cab. Some base boards are added for shortening the rigging process. It is planned that a 1-linear motor drive system will be manufactured, lighter in weight, lower in power consumption, enhanced in safety, and reduced in cost, for installation aboard the car. (NEDO)

  7. Vraaggericht werken door narratief onderzoek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joos Meesters

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Narrative research as a means for demand-driven policy and interventions This article reports on the advantages of performing narrative research discovering need patterns of families, children, local residents regarding quality of the pedagogical climate in their neighbourhood. A need pattern is a constructed set of related questions and needs that people express in response to life events, concrete experiences or within their current habitat. A method for narrative analysis was developed for two applications: use as a research tool and use as a change management tool. In this method professionals assume the role of narrative researchers and simultaneously learn to listen to the demands and needs of their potential clients from a more objective perspective. The method has been developed while performing transdisciplinary narrative research in the town-area of Hatert in Nijmegen, which will be presented as an example case throughout the text. Vraaggericht werken door narratief onderzoek Dit artikel gaat in op de mogelijkheden van narratief onderzoek in het opsporen van vraagpatronen van gezinnen, kinderen, wijkbewoners met betrekking tot de kwaliteit van het opgroeiklimaat in hun wijk. Een vraagpatroon is een set van samenhangende vragen en behoeften die burgers uiten naar aanleiding van een levensgebeurtenis, een concrete ervaring of binnen de actuele context waar zij in leven. Voor deze vorm van onderzoek is een vraaganalyse-instrument ontwikkeld om deze vraagpatronen te identificeren. Dit instrument heeft een dubbel perspectief. Het is een onderzoeksinstrument en een veranderkundig instrument. De professional kruipt in de rol van onderzoeker en leert hiermee te luisteren naar de vragen en behoeften van burgers. Het instrument is ontwikkeld in en voor een transdisciplinair, narratief onderzoek in de wijk Hatert in Nijmegen, dat we als casus zullen presenteren.

  8. 微型钛板与锚定法颈椎单开门治疗颈椎病效果的对比研究%Mini titanium plate fixation versus anchor fixation in unilateral open-door laminoplasty for treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温世锋; 郭东明; 徐中和; 肖文德; 李菊根; 尹庆水

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate clinical efficacy of mini titanium plate fixation versus anchor fixation in unilateral open-door laminoplasty for treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy (MCM).Methods A retrospective study of fifty-five patients with MCM who had undergone unilateral open-door laminoplasty was performed.Twenty-six patients underwent surgery with mini titanium plate fixation (A group)and twenty-nine patients with anchor fixation (B group) respectively.Clinical results were assessed by comparing the following parameters between patients who were in the two groups:Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and JOA recovery rate,and image results were measured by Ishihara's curvature index,and area of the narrowest spinal canal and spinal cord in MRI.Results Fifty patients were followed up from 6 to forty-two months with an average of (27.1 ±9.9) months.No statistically significant differences were identified in follow-up JOA score and JOA recovery rate (P>0.05).A group had larger difference between the pre-and postoperative Ishihara's curvature index,area of the narrowest spinal canal and spinal cord (P<0.05).Conclusions Satisfactory recovery of neurological function can be achieved and maintained by the two fixations,however,A group had better image results than B group.%目的 比较颈椎单开门应用两种固定技术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的的临床及影像学结果.方法 55例多节段脊髓型颈椎病患者,均进行颈椎单开门椎管扩大成形术,根据内固定技术分为微型钛板固定技术(A组)26例和锚定法固定技术(B组)29例.通过比较JOA评分及改善率评价临床疗效,而影像学结果则通过比较X线颈椎曲度变化值和MRI椎管与脊髓最狭窄处面积进行评估.结果 其中50例获得随访6~42个月,平均(27.1±9.9)个月.两组患者随访时JOA评分及改善率比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);而在颈椎曲度变化值、椎管与脊髓最狭窄处面积变化

  9. Open-door laminoplasty for the treatment of failed anterior cervical spine surgery%单开门椎管扩大椎板成形术在颈椎病再手术中的应用及疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 陈亮; 顾勇; 杨惠林; 唐天驷

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the outcome of open-door laminoplasty for the treatment of failed anterior cervical spine surgery. Methods From February 2003 to June 2009, 15 patients underwent opendoor laminoplasty for the failed anterior cervical spine surgery. The causes of revision and the progression of disease were analyzed. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA)scores and Nurick grade were adopted to record the improvement of neurological status and walking ability. Results Two patients were excluded for analysis because of lost follow-up and follow-up less than 12 months. The mean follow-up period after revision surgery for the other 13 patients was 26 months (ranged 13-52 months). The mean interval between the initial and revision surgery was 24 months ( ranged 5 months to 6 years). The causes of revision were as following: degeneration of the adjacent segment in 2 cases, inadequate decompression in 5 cases, misdiagnosis of ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament(OPLL) as myelopathy in 4 cases, and progression of OPLL in 2 cases. Posterior laminoplasty was recommended for each patient. After the operation,13 patients improved neurologically with respect to JOA score, 12 patients improved their walking ability while 1 remained unchanged. The mean modified JOA scores improved from 10. 5 to 13.8 ( P < 0. 05 ), the average recovery rate was 53.0% after the revision operation. The mean overall Nurick grade was 3.1 preoperatively and 1.9 at the final follow-up ( P < 0.05 ), the mean improvement of the Nurick grade was 1. 2. Complications included cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 1 case, new axial neck pain in 1 case, and transient C5 nerve root palsy in 1 case. Conclusions Open-door laminoplasty is a straightforward and effective treatment for failed anterior cervical spine surgery due to inadequate decompression, progressive OPLL or degeneration of the adjacent segment. The merit of the open-door laminoplasty for failed anterior spine fusion is able to avoid

  10. Early clinical efficacy of unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece titanium plate fixation for cervical spinal stenosis%单开门颈椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板内固定术治疗颈椎管狭窄症的早期临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪雷; 李涛; 宋跃明; 刘浩; 裴福兴; 刘立岷; 龚全; 孔清泉; 曾建成

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨单开门颈椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板内固定术治疗颈椎管狭窄症的早期临床疗效.方法:2009年8月~2010年6月采用后路C3~C7单开门椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板内固定术治疗颈椎管狭窄症患者30例,其中男性23例,女性7例,年龄42~81岁,平均65.2岁.MRI显示3个节段狭窄9例,4个节段狭窄15例,5个节段狭窄6例.以JOA评分(17分法)及其改善率评价术后神经功能改善情况;术后复查颈椎X线、CT及MRI,在术前及术后3d、6个月的颈椎侧位X线片上测量C5节段椎管矢状径,计算椎管扩大率[(术后椎管矢状径-术前椎管矢状径)/(术前椎管矢状径)x 100%],评价椎管扩大和维持情况及门轴侧骨融合情况结果:手术时间为145±20min,术中出血量为215±75ml,术中未出现相关并发症.1例术后第2天出现C5神经根症状,经2周保守治疗疼痛明显缓解,术后2个月时症状完全消失.随访9~20个月,平均14.6个月,术前JOA评分为8.7±0.8分,术后6个月为15.2±1.1分,改善率为(75±18) %.影像学复查示术后3d、6个月时颈椎管扩大满意,脊髓受压完全解除,C5节段椎管矢状径术前为9.2±0.8mm,术后3d,6个月均为15.9±1.2mm,椎管扩大率为(71.8±11.0)%.术后6个月时门轴侧均达骨性愈合,无1例出现关门及神经损害症状加重的情况结论:单开门颈椎管扩大成形Centerpiece钛板内固定术是治疗颈椎管狭窄症的一种简便、安全的方法,早期疗效较满意.%Objective:To evaluate the early clinical efficacy of unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece titanium plate fixation for cervical spinal stenosis. Method : From August 2009 to June 2010,30 cases suffering from cervical spinal stenosis underwent unilateral open-door expansive laminoplasty plus centerpiece fixation,of these,there were 23 males and 7 females,with a mean age of 65.2 years (range, 42-81 years ) .Preoperative MRI showed stenosis at three

  11. 49 CFR 571.206 - Standard No. 206; Door locks and door retention components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... can be loaded or unloaded. It does not include: (a) A trunk lid; or (b) A door or window composed... the door in the fully latched or secondary latched position. Trunk Lid is a movable body panel that... minimum displacement of 300 mm. (c) Two load cells of sufficient capacity to measure the applied loads...

  12. Electric two wheelers, zero emission solution for urban door to door transportation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fasil, Muhammed; Jensen, Bogi Bech

    The noise and exhaust pollution coupled with increasing congestion faced by urban centres demands new personal mobility solution for faster door to door connectivity. The advancement in electric power train and lowering cost of Li-ion battery is made it possible to develop light weight fully...

  13. New technology opens the door for deepwater development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Dagang

    2011-01-01

    The paper provided an updated status of technology for deepwater field development, demonstrated the importance of its application through actual project example, and discussed some future technical development trends. The focus was on the floating structures. By reviewing some of the engineering aspects of the project, the technology advancement, innovations and challenges in offshore engineering were discussed and demonstrated. The author's view of technical challenges facing deepwater forwarding was discussed, which covered water depth limitations, new material application, installation methods, riser development and operational issues. An overview of technologies that will enable deepwater projects to be extended into new frontiers was presented.

  14. The Door's Open: Educating Students Who Are Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delmore, Patrick

    2004-01-01

    Most often, homeless students are members of minority groups who have attended several schools during their school career, are from single-parent households, and have histories of irregular school attendance. These students also frequently suffer from physical and mental challenges that are rooted in poverty, lack access to medical care, and have…

  15. Sequoias, Mavericks, Open Doors...Composing Joan Tower

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allsup, Randall Everett

    2011-01-01

    This essay interview with Joan Tower is a meditation on the importance of composing, understood as a process larger than the making of new sound combinations or musical scores, suggesting that the compositional act is self-educative and self-forming. Tower's musical life, one of teaching and learning, one of composing and self-composing, is an…

  16. Doors open in South America by peace pact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, A.

    2000-06-19

    Signing of a peace treaty between Peru and Ecuador in 1998, ending 50 years of border wars, has greatly improved the prospects for development in both countries. Within the last few months 19 joint electrification projects have been initiated and feasibility of a 270 km long cross-border pipeline is under active discussion. The pipeline project is expected to cost some US$400 million and take two years to build. Two Canadian companies, Alberta Energy Company (AEC) and SNC Lavalin will prepare the pipeline's technical study, while a third, Agra Earth and Environmental of Calgary, will prepare the environmental impact study. Another pipeline project in which AEC is also involved is under discussion. This project involves building the 290,000 barrel/day Oleoducto Crudo Pesado (OCP), estimated at US$700 million, which will transport blended heavy crude 500 km from the Oriente Basin in northeastern Ecuador to an offshore loading facility on the Pacific Coast at Balao. Construction of this second pipeline would allow Ecuador to double the oil it transports from 350,000 to 750,000 barrels/day. Ecuador is also making progress in modernizing its production facilities by encouraging private sector strategic alliances (In Ecuador petroleum is considered a national resource not to be exploited by private companies). Currently, Ecuador exports about 216,000 barrels/day and derives close to 50 per cent of its national income from oil exports.

  17. Opening Doors to Reading Building School-to-Work Skills

    CERN Document Server

    Fabry, Dee L

    2001-01-01

    This integrated, technology-based reading curriculum helps you build school-to-work skills in middle school learners-especially those who have reading difficulties. Based on a field-tested program (the STARR curriculum), it is specifically designed to meet student needs in the workplace and uses best practices research, SCANS foundations skills and competencies, and middle school research. Components include speaking, technology, analysis, reading, and research.

  18. Opening the door to coordination of care through teachable moments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Gregory D; Korn, Allan M; Thomas, Eileen; Klemka-Walden, Linda; Bigony, Marysanta D; Newman, John F

    2007-10-01

    The challenge for care coordination is to identify members at a moment in time when they are receptive to intervention and provide the appropriate care management services. This manuscript describes a pilot program using inbound nurse advice calls from members to engage them in a care management program including disease management (DM). Annual medical claims diagnoses were used to identify members and their associated disease conditions. For each condition group for each year, nurse advice call data were used to calculate inbound nurse advice service call rates for each group. A pilot program was set up to engage inbound nurse advice callers in a broader discussion of their health concerns and refer them to a care management program. Among the program results, both the call rate by condition group and the correlation between average costs and call rates show that higher cost groups of members call the nurse advice service disproportionately more than lower cost members. Members who entered the DM programs through the nurse advice service were more likely to stay in the program than those who participated in the standard opt-in program. The results of this pilot program suggest that members who voluntarily call in to the nurse advice service for triage are at a "teachable moment" and highly motivated to participate in appropriate care management programs. The implication is that the nurse advice service may well be an innovative and effective way to enhance participation in a variety of care management programs including DM.

  19. Exit Tickets Open the Door to University Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danley, Angela; McCoy, Ann; Weed, Rahila

    2006-01-01

    Four instructors from a mid-western university implemented exit tickets in their university courses. The exit tickets were based on Marzano's (2012) four types of exit tickets and were analyzed for patterns. Faculty completed a journal to reflect on what was learned examining the exit tickets. A survey was completed by both instructors and…

  20. Exit Tickets Open the Door to University Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Danley, EdD

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Four instructors from a mid-western university implemented exit tickets in their university courses. The exit tickets were based on Marzano’s (2012 four types of exit tickets and were analyzed for patterns. Faculty completed a journal to reflect on what was learned examining the exit tickets. A survey was completed by both instructors and university students to determine the benefits of the use of exit tickets as a formative assessment at the university. Researchers share the processes used for implementing exit tickets and the results of the data collected along with implications for the use of exit tickets at the university.

  1. The Ancient Mosuo Open Their Doors to the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    THE Lugu River is located at the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, within Ninglang County, Yunnan Province in southwestern China. This mysterious river, found 2,680 meters above sea level and covering an area of 50 square kilometers, is known as the "bright pearl of the plateau." The area around the Lugu River is not only beautiful but also known for its unique local ethnic customs of the Naxi, Lisu and Yi inhabitants.

  2. Improving Technology Literacy: Does It Open Doors to Traditional Content?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judson, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated whether an identifiable link existed between gains in technology literacy and achievement in the areas of reading, mathematics, and language arts. Normal curve equivalent (NCE) content score changes from TerraNova assessments were calculated for approximately 5,000 students from fourth- to fifth-grade and 5,000 students…

  3. Opening Doors: Understanding School and Family Influences on Family Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlisle, Erin; Stanley, Lindsey; Kemple, Kristen Mary

    2005-01-01

    Family involvement in schooling can benefit young children, teachers, and families. Family involvement in schools can be influenced by both school-related and family-related factors. School-related factors include teachers' attitudes toward families, and school and teacher expectations. Family-related factors include ethnicity, prior school…

  4. Childhood Fears and Worries: Opening the Doors to Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Jean

    2012-01-01

    Although parents may try to shield their children from information that may be upsetting to them, inevitably they will be exposed to life's challenges and painful realities. People live in the "information age" and children are frequently bombarded with overwhelming news from the media. Since children are very aware of the emotions of the adults…

  5. Open Doors 1990/91: Report on International Educational Exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zikopoulos, Marianthi, Ed.; And Others

    This six-part report presents statistical data on worldwide trends in student mobility and migration, national origin, sources of financial support, fields of study, enrollments, and rates of growth. Part I explores the nature of student migration worldwide and presents data on the overall numbers of students going abroad and the extent to which…

  6. Opening Doors to Nursing Degrees: A Proposal from Ontario's Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colleges Ontario, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Ontario needs to expand nursing education options to improve access to the nursing profession, create better pathways amongst all nursing occupations, and build Ontario's capacity to meet the province's long-term nursing needs. Ontario's colleges are capable of playing a larger role within a long-term provincial strategy for sustaining and…

  7. Remedial-Math Workshop: Opening Doors to Graduation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabkowska, Ewa; Sosnovski, Bianca

    2016-01-01

    About half of students attending community colleges leave school before finishing their intended goals. To increase students' retention and to prevent the multiple-repeater problem, Queensborough Community College (QCC) offered a short-term workshop for remedial-mathematics students. This was another chance to exit remediation instead of repeating…

  8. Twitter and Facebook Open the Door to Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huwe, Terence K.

    2012-01-01

    Building a social media profile itself is a rewarding experience for digital librarians, but there is another aspect to social media immersion, and it is a powerful tool for the profession. As librarians establish expert status in the use of popular tools such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, and WordPress, they can add training and even product…

  9. The Globe opens its doors to the public

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    The Globe of Science and Innovation has quickly become the most recognisable landmark on the CERN skyline. Since construction was completed last summer, the Globe's distinctive spherical shape has greeted and intrigued visitors and employees on arrival at CERN.

  10. Ballistic Missile Silo Door Monitoring Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    EDENBURN,MICHAEL W.; TROST,LAWRENCE C.

    2000-01-01

    This paper compares the cost and effectiveness of several potential options that may be used to monitor silo-based ballistic missiles. Silo door monitoring can be used to verify that warheads removed to deactivate or download silo-based ballistic missiles have not been replaced. A precedent for monitoring warhead replacement using reentry vehicle on site inspections (RV-OSIs) and using satellites has been established by START-I and START-II. However, other monitoring options have the potential to be less expensive and more effective. Three options are the most promising if high verification confidence is desired: random monitoring using door sensors; random monitoring using manned or unmanned aircraft; and continuous remote monitoring using unattended door sensors.

  11. WOODEN DOOR WINGS OF ADIYAMAN GREAT MOSQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammet ARSLAN

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Woodworking which is in the most important Turk art branches have been used especially in Anatolia land readily. Wooden material that is seen on architectural units such as mimbar, ambo, wings of door and window, lectern has an important particularly with its ornamental figures. Wooden composition on the north and east doors of Adıyaman Great Mosque was built by Dulkadir Principality but regulated again in the last period of Ottoman Empire, is a theme which is exemined detailedly in Turk art. In this article, it is tried to determined ornamentel and tecnical characteristics of wooden door wings of Adıyaman Great Mosque belongs to early XX. century and the place of them in Turk art.

  12. Blower door measurements. Guide 'Airtightness-testing' for house owners and planners; Blower-Door-Messung. Leitfaden 'Gebaeudedichtigkeits-Pruefung' fuer Bauherren und Planer. Fachtext 3.4. Maerz 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-03-01

    To determine the air tightness of the external envelope, blower door measurements are normally carried out. The thus determined integral figure for the complete structure is an insufficient basis for carrying out specific insulation procedures in existing buildings. Within the scope of the air tightness measurements with the blower door, additional measuring methods permit the determination of additional information on the leakage distribution and the leakage routes. The expanded measuring methods that are known from the bibliography 'opening a door' and 'adding a hole' as well as the new method of 'adding a hole plus' are explained, compared by means of exemplary measurements, and are considered for their suitability during field trials. [German] Zur Bestimmung der Luftdichtheit der Gebaeudehuelle werden im allgemeinen Blower Door-Messungen durchgefuehrt. Der hierbei bestimmte integrale Wert fuer das gesamte Gebaeude stellt fuer das Ergreifen von gezielten Abdichtungsmassnahmen im Gebaeudebestand eine zu geringe Basis dar. Weiterfuehrende Messmethoden erlauben, im Rahmen von Luftdichtheitsmessungen mit der Blower Door zusaetzliche Informationen ueber die Leckageverteilung und ueber Leckagewege zu bestimmen. Die aus der Literatur bekannten erweiterten Messmethoden 'Opening A Door' und 'Adding A Hole' sowie die neue Methode 'Adding A Hole Plus' werden erlaeutert, anhand von exemplarischen Messungen verglichen und im Feldeinsatz auf ihre Anwendbarkeit hin betrachtet.

  13. Genome-wide association analysis identifies TXNRD2, ATXN2 and FOXC1 as susceptibility loci for primary open-angle glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Jessica N Cooke; Loomis, Stephanie J; Kang, Jae H; Allingham, R Rand; Gharahkhani, Puya; Khor, Chiea Chuen; Burdon, Kathryn P; Aschard, Hugues; Chasman, Daniel I; Igo, Robert P; Hysi, Pirro G; Glastonbury, Craig A; Ashley-Koch, Allison; Brilliant, Murray; Brown, Andrew A; Budenz, Donald L; Buil, Alfonso; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Choi, Hyon; Christen, William G; Curhan, Gary; De Vivo, Immaculata; Fingert, John H; Foster, Paul J; Fuchs, Charles; Gaasterland, Douglas; Gaasterland, Terry; Hewitt, Alex W; Hu, Frank; Hunter, David J; Khawaja, Anthony P; Lee, Richard K; Li, Zheng; Lichter, Paul R; Mackey, David A; McGuffin, Peter; Mitchell, Paul; Moroi, Sayoko E; Perera, Shamira A; Pepper, Keating W; Qi, Qibin; Realini, Tony; Richards, Julia E; Ridker, Paul M; Rimm, Eric; Ritch, Robert; Ritchie, Marylyn; Schuman, Joel S; Scott, William K; Singh, Kuldev; Sit, Arthur J; Song, Yeunjoo E; Tamimi, Rulla M; Topouzis, Fotis; Viswanathan, Ananth C; Verma, Shefali Setia; Vollrath, Douglas; Wang, Jie Jin; Weisschuh, Nicole; Wissinger, Bernd; Wollstein, Gadi; Wong, Tien Y; Yaspan, Brian L; Zack, Donald J; Zhang, Kang; Study, Epic-Norfolk Eye; Weinreb, Robert N; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A; Small, Kerrin; Hammond, Christopher J; Aung, Tin; Liu, Yutao; Vithana, Eranga N; MacGregor, Stuart; Craig, Jamie E; Kraft, Peter; Howell, Gareth; Hauser, Michael A; Pasquale, Louis R; Haines, Jonathan L; Wiggs, Janey L

    2016-02-01

    Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. To identify new susceptibility loci, we performed meta-analysis on genome-wide association study (GWAS) results from eight independent studies from the United States (3,853 cases and 33,480 controls) and investigated the most significantly associated SNPs in two Australian studies (1,252 cases and 2,592 controls), three European studies (875 cases and 4,107 controls) and a Singaporean Chinese study (1,037 cases and 2,543 controls). A meta-analysis of the top SNPs identified three new associated loci: rs35934224[T] in TXNRD2 (odds ratio (OR) = 0.78, P = 4.05 × 10(-11)) encoding a mitochondrial protein required for redox homeostasis; rs7137828[T] in ATXN2 (OR = 1.17, P = 8.73 × 10(-10)); and rs2745572[A] upstream of FOXC1 (OR = 1.17, P = 1.76 × 10(-10)). Using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, we show TXNRD2 and ATXN2 expression in retinal ganglion cells and the optic nerve head. These results identify new pathways underlying POAG susceptibility and suggest new targets for preventative therapies.

  14. A Novel Genome-Wide Association Study Approach Using Genotyping by Exome Sequencing Leads to the Identification of a Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Associated Inversion Disrupting ADAMTS17.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver P Forman

    Full Text Available Closed breeding populations in the dog in conjunction with advances in gene mapping and sequencing techniques facilitate mapping of autosomal recessive diseases and identification of novel disease-causing variants, often using unorthodox experimental designs. In our investigation we demonstrate successful mapping of the locus for primary open angle glaucoma in the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen dog breed with 12 cases and 12 controls, using a novel genotyping by exome sequencing approach. The resulting genome-wide association signal was followed up by genome sequencing of an individual case, leading to the identification of an inversion with a breakpoint disrupting the ADAMTS17 gene. Genotyping of additional controls and expression analysis provide strong evidence that the inversion is disease causing. Evidence of cryptic splicing resulting in novel exon transcription as a consequence of the inversion in ADAMTS17 is identified through RNAseq experiments. This investigation demonstrates how a novel genotyping by exome sequencing approach can be used to map an autosomal recessive disorder in the dog, with the use of genome sequencing to facilitate identification of a disease-associated variant.

  15. The use of wide-mesh gauze impregnated with lambda-cyhalothrin covering wall openings in huts as a vector control method in Suriname

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaco Voorham

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available An alternative vector control method, using lambda-cyhalothrin impregnated wide-mesh gauze covering openings in the walls of the houses was developed in an area in the Eastern part of the interior of Suriname. Experimental hut observations showed that Anopheles darlingi greatly reduced their biting activity (99-100% during the first 5 months after impregnation. A model assay showed high mortality both of mosquitoes repelled by the gauze as well as of those that succeeded in getting through it. A field application test in 270 huts showed good acceptance by the population and good durability of the applied gauze. After introducing the method in the entire working area, replacing DDT residual housespraying, the malaria prevalence, of 25-37% before application dropped and stabilized at between 5 and 10% within one year. The operational costs were less than those of the previously used DDT housespraying program, due to a 50% reduction in the cost of materials used. The method using widemesh gauze impregnated with lambdacyhalothrin strongly affects the behavior of An. darlingi. It is important to examine the effect of the method on malaria transmission further, since data indirectly obtained suggest substantial positive results.

  16. A genome-wide association study reveals a quantitative trait locus for days open on chromosome 2 in Japanese Black cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Shinji; Ibi, Takayuki; Kojima, Takatoshi; Sugimoto, Yoshikazu

    2016-02-01

    Days open (DO), which is the interval from calving to conception, is an important trait related to reproductive performance in cattle. To identify quantitative trait loci for DO in Japanese Black cattle, we conducted a genome-wide association study with 33,303 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using 459 animals with extreme DO values selected from a larger group of 15,488 animals. We identified a SNP on bovine chromosome 2 (BTA2) that was associated with DO. After imputation using phased haplotype data inferred from 586 812 SNPs of 1041 Japanese Black cattle, six SNPs associated with DO were located in an 8.5-kb region of high linkage disequilibrium on BTA2. These SNPs were located on the telomeric side at a distance of 177 kb from the parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R) gene. The association was replicated in a sample of 1778 animals. In the replicated population, the frequency of the reduced-DO allele (Q) was 0.63, and it accounted for 1.72% of the total genetic variance. The effect of a Q-to-q allele substitution on DO was a decrease of 3.74 days. The results suggest that the Q allele could serve as a marker in Japanese Black cattle to select animals with superior DO performance.

  17. Anafylaxie door huidcontact met persulfaten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoekstra, M.; Van Der Heide, S.; Coenraads, P.J.; Schuttelaar, M.L.A.

    2013-01-01

    Persulfates (ammonium and potassium persulfate) are anorganic salts that are widely used in hair bleach formulas to accelerate the bleaching process. Persulfates have been reported to cause both delayed-type and immediate reactions. They may also cause immediate reactions of the mucous membranes of

  18. Anafylaxie door huidcontact met persulfaten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoekstra, M.; Van Der Heide, S.; Coenraads, P.J.; Schuttelaar, M.L.A.

    2013-01-01

    Persulfates (ammonium and potassium persulfate) are anorganic salts that are widely used in hair bleach formulas to accelerate the bleaching process. Persulfates have been reported to cause both delayed-type and immediate reactions. They may also cause immediate reactions of the mucous membranes of

  19. Treatment of Multi - segmental Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Treated Posterior Unilateral Open-door Laminoplasty Combined with Centerpiece Ttitanium Plate Internal Fixation%后路单开门 Centerpiece 内固定治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡勇; 董伟鑫; 赵红勇; 袁振山; 孙肖阳; 马维虎; 徐荣明

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical effect and safty of posterior unilateral open-door laminoplasty combined with Centerpiece titanium plate internal fixation for multi-segmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Methods From May 2010 to May 2012,32 patients with multi-segmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated by posterior unilateral open door laminoplasty combined with Centerpiece titanium plate internal fixation. There were 20 males and 12 females,with a mean age of(60. 4 ± 7. 6)years(ranged 49 to 77 years). The neurofunction was evaluated by Japan Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score. The cervical curvature angle(α)was demonstrated by the cross angle between posterior vertebral body margins of C2 and C7 on cervical radiographs. Calculated cervical range of motion according to the difference of the angle of α between hyperex-tension and hyperflexion cervical radiographs. Calculated shoulder and pain VAS scores assess the range of axial symptoms. Re-sults The operative time and intraoperative blood loss were respectively 140 min(100 ~ 160 min)and 460 mL(250 ~ 800) mL. All patients were followed up from 12 to 38 months with an median of 22 months. The JOA scores was(9. 26 ± 3. 16)be-fore surgery and(12. 95 ± 2. 35)at 1 week after surgery,which showed significant differences(P ﹤ 0. 05). The improve rate of Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA)scores was(56. 4 ± 9. 3)% . The JOA scores was(13. 30 ± 2. 46)3 months after surgery and(13. 16 ± 1. 39)1 year after surgery,there were no significant differences when compared with the JOA scores at 1 week after surgery(P ﹥ 0. 05). The cervical curvature angle were(18. 1 ± 3. 8)° before surgery an(16. 7 ± 5. 4)° 3 months after surgery. There were no significient differences(P ﹥ 0. 05). The cervical range of motion was(35. 46 ± 11. 54)° before surgery and(30. 65 ± 8. 95)° 3 months after surgery. There were no significient differences(P ﹥ 0. 05). The VAS scores were ((3. 8 ± 1. 8)before surgery

  20. 术前颈椎曲度与椎管扩大成形术后脊髓后移程度及疗效的相关性%Correlation between cervical curvature and spinal cord shift, surgical outcome after expansive open-door laminoplasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱继超; 刘晓光; 刘忠军; 姜亮; 韦峰; 于淼; 吴奉梁

    2013-01-01

    cervical curvature after expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy,and to investigate the relationship between cervical curvature and spinal cord shift.Methods:63 cases of cervical myelopathy undergoing traditional expansive open-door laminoplasty between January 2005 and December 2011 were reviewed retrospectively,the pathogenesis included cervical spondylotic myelopathy(26 cases),ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament(OPLL,20 cases) and developmental cervical spinal stenosis(17 cases).Traditional expansive open-door laminoplasty was performed because of multisegmental disc disease,multilevel OPLL or developmental cervical stenosis.All cases were divided into three groups according to the cervical curvature:the kyphosis group(n=16),the straight group(n=18) and the normal alignment group(n=29).The posterior shift of center of spinal cord(PCS) at each level of laminoplasty(C3-C7) was measured and calculated through the midsagittal images of MRI T2-weighted before and after surgery.Statistic analysis was performed to analyze the difference of PCS at each level (C3-C7) among three groups.The neurofunction for each patient was estimated by using the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score before surgery and at final follow-up,and the JOA recovery rate was calculated.Statistic analysis was performed to analyze the difference of the JOA recovery rate at final follow-up among three groups.Results:There was no statistical difference in the age,sex ratio,duration of symptoms,entity,follow-up time or the preoperative JOA score(P>0.05).Posterior migration of spinal cord was observed in all three groups,and there was no significant difference with respect to the mean PCS at C3-C7 level among three groups(P>0.05).The mean follow-up was 47±24(range 15-90) months,and the mean JOA recovery rate at final follow-up of each group was 59.81%,69.25% and 54.44% respectively,which showed no statistical difference(P>0.05).No linear correlation was found

  1. Maillard-reactie door model beheersbaar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roost, van M.

    2006-01-01

    Gewenste en ongewenste bruinkleuring van levensmiddelen door een Maillard-reactie is vaak lastig te beheersen. Wageningse onderzoekers ontwikkelden een simulatiemodel, waarmee producentenmeer inzicht krijgen in de Maillard-reactie, en zo ook de kleur van het eindproduct beter kunnen beheersen tijden

  2. Opnieuw sterfte van jonge bomen door woelmuizen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moraal, L.G.

    2002-01-01

    In het begin van de jaren negentig trad er behoorlijk veel schade op bij bosaanleg in het kader van de Randstadgroenstructuur en de set-aside regelingen in Groningen en Drenthe. De boompjes waren geplant op voormalige landbouwgrond. Door snelle verruiging van de vegetatie, ontstaat er voor woelmuize

  3. Schade door overstroming: Ervaringen uit New Orleans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, M.; Theunissen, R.; Jonkman, S.N.; Vrijling, J.K.

    2006-01-01

    Korte samenvatting van de overstromingen door hurricane Katrina in augustus 2005 in New Orleans en omgeving. Beschrijving van de effecten op het gebied en de bewoners, kwantitatieve inschatting van de gevolgend, en wat we hieruit voor Nederland kunnen leren. Uitgave met ondersteuning van het

  4. Zuivel en soep gezonder door logo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Temme, E.H.M.

    2008-01-01

    Gezondheidslogo’s verspreiden zich door de schappen van de supermarkt. Het blauwe vinkje van de stichting Ik kies bewust en het klavertje vier van supermarkt Albert Heijn moeten zorgen voor een gezonder aanbod van voedingsmiddelen. Liesbeth Temme van RIKILT – Instituut voor voedselveiligheid onderzo

  5. Verspreiding van komkommerbontvirus (CGMMV) door vogels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stijger, I.; Hamelink, R.; Ludeking, D.J.W.

    2012-01-01

    Het komkommerbontvirus is een zeer persistent virus. De afgelopen jaren heeft het zich uitgebreid naar meerdere bedrijven. Door komkommertelers worden veel verschillende maatregelen op het gebied van hygiëne doorgevoerd om het virus uit de kas te houden of om verspreiding te voorkomen. Ondanks deze

  6. Pixel masks for screen-door transparency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, J.D.; Groen, F.C.A.; Wijk, J.J. van

    1998-01-01

    Rendering objects transparently gives additional insight in complex and overlapping structures. However, traditional techniques for the rendering of transparent objects such as alpha blending are not very well suited for the rendering of multiple transparent objects in dynamic scenes. Screen-door tr

  7. Door grond horizontaal belaste palen: Bestaande ontwerpmodellen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoefsloot, F.J.M.

    2008-01-01

    In het algemeen is een door grond horizontaal belaste paal een 3-D situatie, die in 1 fase direct met een 3-D EEM-model (zoals PLAXIS 3D Foundation) kan worden gemodelleerd. Deze modellen zijn echter gecompliceerd en pas de laatste jaren eenvoudiger toepasbaar in de adviespraktijk. Een directe berek

  8. Revolving Doors in International Tax

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Rasmus Corlin

    2016-01-01

    Financial technology, or FinTech, involves the design and delivery of financial products and services through technology. It impacts financial institutions, regulators, customers, and merchants across a wide range of industries. Pervasive digital technologies are challenging the fundamentals...... of the highly regulated financial sector, leading to the emergence of non-traditional payment systems, peer-to-peer money exchanges and increased turbulence in currency markets. This case study explores the development of a FinTech company in China that offers microloans to college students. Five lessons...

  9. Accuracy of the blower door measurement; Genauigkeit der Blower Door-Messung. Der Einfluss von Aussenklimaparametern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weier, H. [Hochschule fuer Technik, Wirtschaft und Sozialwesen Zittau/Goerlitz (FH), Zittau (Germany)

    2000-04-01

    The blower door is a simple to use measuring device for determing the seal of the external surfaces of buildings. The accuracy of the measurement is dependent to a considerable extent on the external climatic conditions that prevail at the time of taking the measurement. (orig.) [German] Die Blower Door ist ein einfach anzuwendendes Messgeraet zum Bestimmen der Dichtheit von Gebaeudeaussenflaechen. Die Genauigkeit der Messung ist in starkem Masse von den zum Messzeitpunkt herrschenden Aussenklimabedingungen abhaengig. (orig.)

  10. 46 CFR 32.56-35 - Doors-T/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Doors-T/ALL. 32.56-35 Section 32.56-35 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS SPECIAL EQUIPMENT, MACHINERY, AND HULL REQUIREMENTS... Doors—T/ALL. (a) Casing doors in category A machinery spaces and all elevator doors must be self-closing...

  11. Comparison of short-term effect of two kinds of posterior internal fixation combined with ex-pansive open-door laminoplasty in the treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy%两种后路内固定结合单开门手术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的近期疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐少龙; 黄庆华; 吴罗根; 周文华; 曹华敏; 陈大勇; 袁野

    2016-01-01

    目的:比较后路颈椎板成形术钉棒固定与微型钛板固定治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的近期疗效。方法将47例多节段脊髓型颈椎病患者随机分为两组:23例行后路颈椎板成形微型钛板固定术(微型钛板组),24例行后路颈椎板成形钉棒固定术(钉棒组)。比较两组手术时间、术中出血量、JOA评分、VAS评分、术后椎管矢状径、颈椎曲度、术后活动度影响及手术并发症等,评价两种手术方式的临床疗效。结果患者均获得随访,微型钛板组为(23.8±8.1)个月,钉棒组为(23.6±8.0)个月。两组手术时间、术中出血量、手术并发症比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。 JOA评分:两组手术后均较术前显著升高(P<0.05),两组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。颈痛VAS评分:术前钉棒组显著高于微型钛板组(P<0.05),术后两组评分均较术前显著降低(P<0.05),两组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。颈椎矢状径:两组术后3 d和未次随访时均较术前明显改善(P<0.05),两组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。术后3 d和末次随访时微型钛板组颈椎曲度改善明显优于钉棒组(P<0.05)。末次随访时两组活动度均较术前减少(P<0.05),钉棒组减少的度数明显大于微型钛板组( P<0.05)。结论后路颈椎板成形术钉棒固定与微型钛板固定治疗多节段脊髓颈椎病神经功能改善相似,微型钛板对颈椎的活动度影响较少。%Objective To compare the short-term clinical effect of posterior vertebral plate internal fixation combined with expansive open-door laminoplasty and posterior screw rod system fixation combined with expansive open -door laminoplasty in the treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy .Methods Forty-seven cases with cervical spondylot-ic myelopathy were randomly divided into two groups:23 cases

  12. 一期后路单开门联合前路选择性减压融合术治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病%One-stage Expansive Open-door Laminoplasty and Selective Anterior Decompression and Fusion for Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄勇全; 刘先明; 黄华伟; 陈文明

    2012-01-01

    目的 评估一期后路单开门联合前路选择性减压治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病的手术疗效.方法 对46例多节段(≥3节段)脊髓型颈椎病患者,均行后路单开门椎管成形+前路选择性椎体次全切除和(或)椎间盘切除椎间钛网、Cage或髂骨块植骨+前路钢板内固定术.术后测量颈椎曲度角评价颈椎排列,采用日本矫形外科学会(japanese orthopaedic association,JOA)评估系统评价其功能恢复情况,采用正侧位、动力位X线摄片和三维CT重建方法评估融合程度.同时,进行MRI检查,以观察脊髓减压程度和脊髓情况.结果 所有病例均获得平均24.1(12~28)个月的有效随访.JOA评分:术前为(9.0±1.2)分,术后6个月为(13.9±0.7)分,与术前比较,差异有统计学意义(P=0.007);末次随访为(14.1±0.6)分,与术前比较,差异有统计学意义(P=0.004).颈椎曲度角术前为(34.7±4.1)°,术后6个月为(37.1±5.1)°,术后6个月曲度角与术前比较,差异有统计学意义(P=0.024).术后12个月和末次随访,所有病例均已达到骨性融合,且椎管减压明显.结论 一期后路单开门联合前路选择性减压融合术是治疗多节段脊髓型颈椎病一种安全、有效的方法,在达到充分解除脊髓前后压迫的同时恢复颈椎排列,提高植骨融合率.%Objective To evaluate the curative efficacy of one-stage expansive open-door laminoplasty combined with selective anterior decompression and fusion in multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Methods Forty-six patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (≥3 consecutive segments) were treated with expansive open-door laminoplasty, selective anterior corpectomy,and (or) cervical reconstruction with titanium mesh cages,iliac bone graft,and anterior rigid plate fixation. The cervical curvature was determined to evaluate cervical spine arrangement. The functional recovery was assessed by Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA) scoring system

  13. Revolving Doors in International Tax

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Rasmus Corlin

    2016-01-01

    learned are presented for organizations to better manage the challenges and to leverage the opportunities amidst the disruption of financial sector. Our findings also shed light on how digital technology 1) offers the strategic capability for a firm to occupy a market niche in financial sector, 2) enables......Financial technology, or FinTech, involves the design and delivery of financial products and services through technology. It impacts financial institutions, regulators, customers, and merchants across a wide range of industries. Pervasive digital technologies are challenging the fundamentals...... of the highly regulated financial sector, leading to the emergence of non-traditional payment systems, peer-to-peer money exchanges and increased turbulence in currency markets. This case study explores the development of a FinTech company in China that offers microloans to college students. Five lessons...

  14. Through the Door: A Passage to a New World and an Entrance to the Heart

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Yaqing

    2011-01-01

    This essay is around C.S Lewis’s classic children’s novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe and it focuses on the metaphorical meaning of the door and what insights it provides each time it is opened. It argues that the journey into Narnia is also a psychological journey, representing spiritual awakening. It draws conclusion that through this psychological journey in Narnia, the protagonists has undergone spiritual rebirth and their psyche has been raised to new heights.

  15. DoOR 2.0 - Comprehensive Mapping of Drosophila melanogaster Odorant Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Münch, Daniel; Galizia, C. Giovanni

    2016-02-01

    Odors elicit complex patterns of activated olfactory sensory neurons. Knowing the complete olfactome, i.e. the responses in all sensory neurons for all relevant odorants, is desirable to understand olfactory coding. The DoOR project combines all available Drosophila odorant response data into a single consensus response matrix. Since its first release many studies were published: receptors were deorphanized and several response profiles were expanded. In this study, we add unpublished data to the odor-response profiles for four odorant receptors (Or10a, Or42b, Or47b, Or56a). We deorphanize Or69a, showing a broad response spectrum with the best ligands including 3-hydroxyhexanoate, alpha-terpineol, 3-octanol and linalool. We include all of these datasets into DoOR, provide a comprehensive update of both code and data, and new tools for data analyses and visualizations. The DoOR project has a web interface for quick queries (http://neuro.uni.kn/DoOR), and a downloadable, open source toolbox written in R, including all processed and original datasets. DoOR now gives reliable odorant-responses for nearly all Drosophila olfactory responding units, listing 693 odorants, for a total of 7381 data points.

  16. DoOR 2.0--Comprehensive Mapping of Drosophila melanogaster Odorant Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Münch, Daniel; Galizia, C Giovanni

    2016-02-25

    Odors elicit complex patterns of activated olfactory sensory neurons. Knowing the complete olfactome, i.e. the responses in all sensory neurons for all relevant odorants, is desirable to understand olfactory coding. The DoOR project combines all available Drosophila odorant response data into a single consensus response matrix. Since its first release many studies were published: receptors were deorphanized and several response profiles were expanded. In this study, we add unpublished data to the odor-response profiles for four odorant receptors (Or10a, Or42b, Or47b, Or56a). We deorphanize Or69a, showing a broad response spectrum with the best ligands including 3-hydroxyhexanoate, alpha-terpineol, 3-octanol and linalool. We include all of these datasets into DoOR, provide a comprehensive update of both code and data, and new tools for data analyses and visualizations. The DoOR project has a web interface for quick queries (http://neuro.uni.kn/DoOR), and a downloadable, open source toolbox written in R, including all processed and original datasets. DoOR now gives reliable odorant-responses for nearly all Drosophila olfactory responding units, listing 693 odorants, for a total of 7381 data points.

  17. 3D modeling of building indoor spaces and closed doors from imagery and point clouds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Vilariño, Lucía; Khoshelham, Kourosh; Martínez-Sánchez, Joaquín; Arias, Pedro

    2015-02-03

    3D models of indoor environments are increasingly gaining importance due to the wide range of applications to which they can be subjected: from redesign and visualization to monitoring and simulation. These models usually exist only for newly constructed buildings; therefore, the development of automatic approaches for reconstructing 3D indoors from imagery and/or point clouds can make the process easier, faster and cheaper. Among the constructive elements defining a building interior, doors are very common elements and their detection can be very useful either for knowing the environment structure, to perform an efficient navigation or to plan appropriate evacuation routes. The fact that doors are topologically connected to walls by being coplanar, together with the unavoidable presence of clutter and occlusions indoors, increases the inherent complexity of the automation of the recognition process. In this work, we present a pipeline of techniques used for the reconstruction and interpretation of building interiors based on point clouds and images. The methodology analyses the visibility problem of indoor environments and goes in depth with door candidate detection. The presented approach is tested in real data sets showing its potential with a high door detection rate and applicability for robust and efficient envelope reconstruction.

  18. 3D Modeling of Building Indoor Spaces and Closed Doors from Imagery and Point Clouds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Díaz-Vilariño

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available 3D models of indoor environments are increasingly gaining importance due to the wide range of applications to which they can be subjected: from redesign and visualization to monitoring and simulation. These models usually exist only for newly constructed buildings; therefore, the development of automatic approaches for reconstructing 3D indoors from imagery and/or point clouds can make the process easier, faster and cheaper. Among the constructive elements defining a building interior, doors are very common elements and their detection can be very useful either for knowing the environment structure, to perform an efficient navigation or to plan appropriate evacuation routes. The fact that doors are topologically connected to walls by being coplanar, together with the unavoidable presence of clutter and occlusions indoors, increases the inherent complexity of the automation of the recognition process. In this work, we present a pipeline of techniques used for the reconstruction and interpretation of building interiors based on point clouds and images. The methodology analyses the visibility problem of indoor environments and goes in depth with door candidate detection. The presented approach is tested in real data sets showing its potential with a high door detection rate and applicability for robust and efficient envelope reconstruction.

  19. COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF THERMAL TESTS OF BALCONY DOORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubev Stanislav Sergeevich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Results of thermal tests of balcony doors are presented in the article. In the course of the research project, two types of doors were tested. The first type represents a PVC frame door (width 82 mm; it has a triple glazing (4K-16Ar-4-16Ar-K4; its blank part represents a polystyrene sandwich panel (width 40 mm. The second type represents a PVC frame door (width 82 mm, that has a triple glazing (4K-16Ar-4-16Ar-K4 and composite PVC panels. The testing procedure and processing results are described in the article. The test has demonstrated that the thermal resistance value of the balcony door of the first type exceeds the thermal resistance value of the balcony door of the second type.

  20. Design Report for ACP Hot Cell Rear Door

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ku, J. H.; Kwon, K. C.; Choung, W. M.; Cho, I. J.; Kook, D. H.; Lee, W. K.; You, G. S.; Lee, E. P.; Park, S. W

    2005-12-15

    A hot-cell facility was constructed at the IMEF building for the demonstrate ACP process. ACP hot-cell consists of process cell and maintenance cell, and each cell has rear door. Since this facility was constructed at basement floor, all process materials, equipment and radioactive materials are take in and out through the rear door. Also, this door can be an access route of workers for the maintenance works. Therefore ACP hot-cell rear doors must maintain the radiation shielding, sealing, mechanical and structural safety. This report presents design criteria, design contents of each part and driving part. It was confirmed that the rear doors sufficiently maintain the safety through the structural analysis and shielding analysis. Also, it was confirmed that the rear doors were constructed as designed by the gamma scanning test after the installation.

  1. Bodemverontreiniging en de opname van lood door moestuingewassen : risico’s van lood door bodemverontreiniging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otte, P.F.; Römkens, P.F.A.M.; Rietra, R.P.J.J.; Lijzen, J.P.A.

    2012-01-01

    Lood uit bodemverontreinigingen wordt opgenomen door moestuingewassen die daarop worden geteeld. Deze gewassen kunnen een gezondheidsrisico vormen als zij worden geconsumeerd. Uit deze studie van het RIVM en Alterra blijkt dat bij hoge concentraties lood in de bodem de opname minder wordt. Hierdoor

  2. Simplified multizone blower door techniques for multifamily buildings. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    This research focused on the applicability of (a) two-blower-door and (b) single-blower-door multi-zone pressurization techniques for estimating the air leakage characteristics of New York State multi-family apartment buildings. The research also investigated the magnitude of external leakage area in multi-family buildings and used computer simulations to estimate the effect of decreasing external and internal leakage areas on air infiltration rates. This research investigates whether two blower doors can be used to determine the ELA of the exterior envelope and the ELA of partitions. Two multi-zone versions of the single-blower-door pressurization method are also examined.

  3. The mid-long-term influence of open-door laminoplasty with reconstruction of the posterior cervical ligamentous complex on cervical physiological curvature and range of motion%保留颈后方韧带复合体单开门椎管扩大成形术后其颈椎生理曲度及活动范围的中远期随访

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 王伟; 张永兴; 任龙喜

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To study the mid-long-term influence of open-door laminoplasty with reconstruction of the posterior cervical ligamentous complex on cervical physiological curvature and range of motion . Meth-ods: From January 2005 to January 2008, 20 patients undergoing open-door laminoplasty with reconstruction of the posterior cervical ligamentous complex were reviewed retrospectively, the series consisted of 12 males and 8 females, aged 37-68 years(average, 52 years). The JOA score, alignment of the cervical spine and the ROM of the cervical spine were analyzed before and after operation respectively. Results: 20 patients were followed-up for a mean time of 7 years(range, 5-8 years). The mean JOA score was 9.5(7-13) before opera-tion. At final follow up, the mean JOA score was 14.0(9-17) and the recovery rate was 52%, which showed significant improvement(P0.05) compared with the preoperative(29°); and 7 degrees(5.5-19 degrees) for flexion, which showed significant difference(P0.05), and flexion position averaged 7°(5.5°-19° ), showing significant difference compared with the preoperative (16° , P<0.05). Replanted spinous process and the float laminae got bony fusion. No door re-closure was observed, and good vertebral canal maintaining was maintained. Conclusions: After open-door laminoplasty, the procedure of reconstruction of the posterior cervical ligamentous complex and the insertion of extensor to treat CSM will be helpful on maintaining the cervical physiological curvature, but it reduces the range of motion through the mid-long-term observation.%目的:观察保留颈后方韧带复合体重建伸肌附着点单开门椎管扩大成形术治疗脊髓型颈椎病对颈椎生理曲度、活动范围的中远期影响。方法:2005年1月~2008年1月采用保留颈后方韧带复合体联合重建伸肌附着点单开门椎管扩大成形术治疗脊髓型颈椎病20例患者,其中男性12例,女性8例,年龄37~68岁,平均52岁。比较

  4. "My Eyes Went Wide Open"--An Evaluation of the Special Needs Education Awareness Course at Molepolole College of Education, Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Gareth

    2006-01-01

    This article is an evaluation of the special needs education awareness course run at Molepolole College of Education, Botswana. The course directly reflects the Government of Botswana's policy on special education and seeks to provide students with a wide range of skills and knowledge to help them identify and support pupils with a variety of…

  5. Procurement of eco-power. Work aid for a European-wide advertisement in an open process; Beschaffung von Oekostrom. Arbeitshilfe fuer eine europaweite Ausschreibung im offenen Verfahren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Worm, Roger [Bundesministerium fuer Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Berlin (Germany); Voigt, Christine (comps.) [Umweltbundesamt, Dessau (Germany)

    2006-09-15

    Electricity from fossil sources of energy causes high emissions of carbon dioxide. The reduction of the power consumption and the purchase of electricity from renewable energies (eco-power) are effective measures in the climatic protection politics. In the year 2003, the Federal Office for Environment Protection (Dessau, Federal Republic of Germany) had accomplished a European-wide advertisement of eco-power. In the year 2006, a new advertisement of eco-power took place based on an advanced advertisement concept. The contribution under consideration describes the technical fundamentals of this concept and the transformation of this concept to the practice. In particular, this contribution reports on: (1) Procurement legal frameworks of this advertisement; (2) Preparation and execution of a European-wide advertisement procedure for supplies of electricity; (3) Characteristics of the advertisement of the supply of eco-power.

  6. 3种颈椎后路单开门椎管扩大成形术的临床效果评价%Evaluation of the clinical effect of three kinds of cervical unilateral open-door laminoplasty in posterior access

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫秀洋; 陈勇忠; 王金星; 付桂红

    2014-01-01

    均无统计学意义(P=0.813,P=0.438)。⑤并发症。丝线固定组5例患者术后早期出现上肢麻木,给予地塞米松后缓解;锚钉固定组3例患者术后发热,给予解热镇痛药后缓解;钛板固定组2例患者发生脑脊液漏,3d后消失。所有患者的手术切口均甲级愈合,未发生锚钉脱出、钛板松动或断裂等并发症。结论:3种颈椎后路单开门椎管扩大成形术均能增加脊髓受压患者病变部位椎管面积、减小颈椎活动度和颈椎曲率指数、改善患者神经功能;与丝线悬吊固定相比,锚钉固定和微型钛板固定更加牢固,可有效防止再关门现象;微型钛板固定的疗效最好,但手术操作费时、创伤较大。%Objective:To observe the clinical curative effects and safety of three kinds of cervical unilateral open-door laminoplasty in posterior access.Methods:The medical records of 105 patients with multiple-segment cervical spinal cord compression were analyzed retro-spectively.The patients were treated with unilateral open-door laminoplasty and the open vertebral plates were fixed with suture silk(35 ), suture anchor(37)and micro titanium plate(33).The operative time,blood loss,hospital stay,JOA scores,minimal cross-sectional area of the vertebral canal,range of motion(ROM)of cervical vertebrae,cervical curvature index(CCI)and complications were compared between the 3 groups.Results:There was statistical difference in the operative time,blood loss and hospital stay between the 3 groups(68.4 +/-18.6,79.8+/-21.3,86.1 +/-25.9 min,F=13.560,P=0.000;346.3+/-85.7,364.1 +/-83.2,436.2+/-89.4 mL,F=14.317,P=0.000;53.3+/-4.8,52.4+/-3.7,32.4+/-4.5 d,F=19.492,P=0.000).The operative time and blood loss of titanium plate group were greater than those of the other 2 groups(P=0.000,P=0.000;P=0.000,P=0.000),while the hospital stay of titanium plate group was shorter than that of the other 2 groups(P=0.000,P=0.000).There was no statistical difference in the

  7. Detecting Signage and Doors for Blind Navigation and Wayfinding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuihua; Yang, Xiaodong; Tian, Yingli

    2013-07-01

    Signage plays a very important role to find destinations in applications of navigation and wayfinding. In this paper, we propose a novel framework to detect doors and signage to help blind people accessing unfamiliar indoor environments. In order to eliminate the interference information and improve the accuracy of signage detection, we first extract the attended areas by using a saliency map. Then the signage is detected in the attended areas by using a bipartite graph matching. The proposed method can handle multiple signage detection. Furthermore, in order to provide more information for blind users to access the area associated with the detected signage, we develop a robust method to detect doors based on a geometric door frame model which is independent to door appearances. Experimental results on our collected datasets of indoor signage and doors demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed method.

  8. Open Doors, Open Minds: Empowered Teachers Work and Learn Shoulder to Shoulder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Marcia; Childs, Lauren; Carver, Cynthia L.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the authors share their experience of Teacher Lab, a job-embedded form of professional learning that has been a critical addition to professional learning practice for nearly a decade in the Avondale School District in Auburn Hills, Michigan. Using a full-day released time format, Teacher Lab combines preobservation dialogue and…

  9. ['Door de beugel': resorption at dental elements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leunisse, M; Barendrecht, D S

    2015-09-01

    A twenty-year-old man was referred to an orthodontist for orthodontic re-treatment of dental element 32 by his dentist and a periodontist. At the buccal surface of the dental element a significant gingival resorption had occurred and the root of the element was located outside of the processus alveolaris buccally. This case will be presented at the thematic tour 'Door de beugel: team up' on 27 October 2015, which is organised by the Nederlandse Vereniging van Tandartsen (Dutch Dentists' Society) and will be held at 4 different locations in the Netherlands. Readers of the Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Tandheelkunde get an exclusive preview of the case. The treatment of choice will be published in the December 2015 issue.

  10. Hazard Management with DOORS: Rail Infrastructure Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Dave; Saeed, Amer

    LOI is a major rail infrastructure project that will contribute to a modernised transport system in time for the 2012 Olympic Games. A review of the procedures and tool infrastructure was conducted in early 2006, coinciding with a planned move to main works. A hazard log support tool was needed to provide: an automatic audit trial, version control and support collaborative working. A DOORS based Hazard Log (DHL) was selected as the Tool Strategy. A systematic approach was followed for the development of DHL, after a series of tests and acceptance gateways, DHL was handed over to the project in autumn 2006. The first few months were used for operational trials and he Hazard Management rocedure was modified to be a hybrid approach that used the strengths of DHL and Excel. The user experience in the deployment of DHL is summarised and directions for future improvement identified.

  11. Bidding to give in the field: door-to-door fundraisers had it right from the start

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Onderstal, S.; Schram, A.J.H.C.; Soetevent, A.R.

    2011-01-01

    In a door-to-door fundraising field experiment, we study the impact of fundraising mechanisms on charitable giving. We approached about 4500 households, each participating in either an all-pay auction, a lottery, a non-anonymous voluntary contribution mechanism (VCM), or an anonymous VCM. In contras

  12. Is Door-to-Door Canvassing Effective in Europe? Evidence from a Meta-study across Six European Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhatti, Yosef; Dahlgaard, Jens Olav; Hansen, Jonas Hedegaard

    2016-01-01

    A vast amount of experimental evidence suggests that get-out-the-vote encouragements delivered through door-to-door canvassing have large effects on turnout. Most of the existing studies have been conducted in the United States, and are inspiring European mobilization campaigns. This article expl...

  13. Genome-Wide Mapping of Targets of Maize Histone Deacetylase HDA101 Reveals Its Function and Regulatory Mechanism during Seed Development[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hua; Liu, Xinye; Xin, Mingming; Du, Jinkun; Hu, Zhaorong; Peng, HuiRu; Sun, Qixin; Ni, Zhongfu; Yao, Yingyin

    2016-01-01

    Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate histone acetylation levels by removing the acetyl group from lysine residues. The maize (Zea mays) HDAC HDA101 influences several aspects of development, including kernel size; however, the molecular mechanism by which HDA101 affects kernel development remains unknown. In this study, we find that HDA101 regulates the expression of transfer cell-specific genes, suggesting that their misregulation may be associated with the defects in differentiation of endosperm transfer cells and smaller kernels observed in hda101 mutants. To investigate HDA101 function during the early stages of seed development, we performed genome-wide mapping of HDA101 binding sites. We observed that, like mammalian HDACs, HDA101 mainly targets highly and intermediately expressed genes. Although loss of HDA101 can induce histone hyperacetylation of its direct targets, this often does not involve variation in transcript levels. A small subset of inactive genes that must be negatively regulated during kernel development is also targeted by HDA101 and its loss leads to hyperacetylation and increased expression of these inactive genes. Finally, we report that HDA101 interacts with members of different chromatin remodeling complexes, such as NFC103/MSI1 and SNL1/SIN3-like protein corepressors. Taken together, our results reveal a complex genetic network regulated by HDA101 during seed development and provide insight into the different mechanisms of HDA101-mediated regulation of transcriptionally active and inactive genes. PMID:26908760

  14. Design and Analysis of Single Plate Blast Resistant Door

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilesh S. Aitavade

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Blast Resistant Doors are used to withstand high intensity impulsive blast loads. They are designed to prevent the impact of the blast from travelling from one side to the other side of the door. Taking into account the limitations and the growing need of efficient blast resistant doors, a design was developed using ASTM A36 as the material of construction instead of concrete. Analytical calculations for the actual pressure-impulse loading condition were done as per the UFC 3-340-02, and the results of analytical calculations were compared with results of the simulation of the numerical model for the given boundary conditions.

  15. The SATRAM Timepix spacecraft payload in open space on board the Proba-V satellite for wide range radiation monitoring in LEO orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granja, Carlos; Polansky, Stepan; Vykydal, Zdenek; Pospisil, Stanislav; Owens, Alan; Kozacek, Zdenek; Mellab, Karim; Simcak, Marek

    2016-06-01

    The Space Application of Timepix based Radiation Monitor (SATRAM) is a spacecraft platform radiation monitor on board the Proba-V satellite launched in an 820 km altitude low Earth orbit in 2013. The is a technology demonstration payload is based on the Timepix chip equipped with a 300 μm silicon sensor with signal threshold of 8 keV/pixel to low-energy X-rays and all charged particles including minimum ionizing particles. For X-rays the energy working range is 10-30 keV. Event count rates can be up to 106 cnt/(cm2 s) for detailed event-by-event analysis or over 1011 cnt/(cm2 s) for particle-counting only measurements. The single quantum sensitivity (zero-dark current noise level) combined with per-pixel spectrometry and micro-scale pattern recognition analysis of single particle tracks enables the composition (particle type) and spectral characterization (energy loss) of mixed radiation fields to be determined. Timepix's pixel granularity and particle tracking capability also provides directional sensitivity for energetic charged particles. The payload detector response operates in wide dynamic range in terms of absorbed dose starting from single particle doses in the pGy level, particle count rate up to 106-10 /cm2/s and particle energy loss (threshold at 150 eV/μm). The flight model in orbit was successfully commissioned in 2013 and has been sampling the space radiation field in the satellite environment along its orbit at a rate of several frames per minute of varying exposure time. This article describes the design and operation of SATRAM together with an overview of the response and resolving power to the mixed radiation field including summary of the principal data products (dose rate, equivalent dose rate, particle-type count rate). The preliminary evaluation of response of the embedded Timepix detector to space radiation in the satellite environment is presented together with first results in the form of a detailed visualization of the mixed radiation

  16. Face Recognition Based Door Lock System Using Opencv and C# with Remote Access and Security Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prathamesh Timse

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the accuracy and effectiveness of the face detection and recognition algorithms using OpenCV and C# computer language. The adaboost algorithm [2] is used for face detection and PCA algorithm[1] is used for face recognition. This paper also investigates the robustness of the face recognition system when an unknown person is being detected, wherein the system will send an email to the owner of the system using SMTP [7]. The door lock can also be accessed remotely from any part of the world by using a Dropbox [8] account.

  17. Opto-mechanical door locking system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Saurabh S.; Rodrigues, Vanessa M.; Patil, Ajeetkumar; Chidangil, Santhosh

    2015-09-01

    We present an Opto-mechanical Door Locking System which is an optical system that combines a simple combination of a coherent light source (Laser) and a photodiode based sensor with focus toward security applications. The basic construct of the KEY comprises a Laser source in a cylindrical enclosure that slides perfectly into the LOCK. The Laser is pulsed at a fixed encrypted frequency unique to that locking system. Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) circuitry is used to achieve encryption. The casing of the key is designed in such a way that it will power the pulsing laser only when the key is inserted in the slot provided for it. The Lock includes a photo-sensor that will convert the detected light intensity to a corresponding electrical signal by decrypting the frequency. The lock also consists of a circuit with a feedback system that will carry the digital information regarding the encryption frequency code. The information received from the sensor is matched with the stored code; if found a perfect match, a signal will be sent to the servo to unlock the mechanical lock or to carry out any other operation. This technique can be incorporated in security systems for residences and safe houses, and can easily replace all conventional locks which formerly used fixed patterns to unlock. The major advantage of this proposed optomechanical system over conventional ones is that it no longer relies on a solid/imprinted pattern to perform its task and hence makes it almost impossible to tamper with.

  18. Ontwateren van zeugenmest door middel van omgekeerde osmose

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thelosen, J.; Gastel, van J.; Cuyck, van J.

    1992-01-01

    In periodiek nummer 1 (februari 1991) is het proces van omgekeerde osmose reeds beschreven. In het kort komt omgekeerde osmose op het volgende neer: de te ontwateren vloeistof wordt onder hoge druk (55 bar) door filterbuizen gepompt.

  19. Rotational and frictional dynamics of the slamming of a door

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Pascal; Müller, Andreas; Gröber, Sebastian; Molz, Alexander; Kuhn, Jochen

    2017-01-01

    A theoretical and experimental investigation of the rotational dynamics, including friction, of a slamming door is presented. Based on existing work regarding different damping models for rotational and oscillatory motions, we examine different forms for the (angular) velocity dependence (ωn, n = 0, 1, 2) of the frictional force. An analytic solution is given when all three friction terms are present and several solutions for specific cases known from the literature are reproduced. The motion of a door is investigated experimentally using a smartphone, and the data are compared with the theoretical results. A laboratory experiment under more controlled conditions is conducted to gain a deeper understanding of the movement of a slammed door. Our findings provide quantitative evidence that damping models involving quadratic air drag are most appropriate for the slamming of a door. Examining this everyday example of a physical phenomenon increases student motivation, because they can relate it to their own personal experience.

  20. Energiebesparing bij de bewaring van plantgoed van tulp door temperatuurintegratie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gude, H.; Dijkema, M.H.G.E.

    2006-01-01

    Onderzoek naar de mogelijkheden van TI (temperatuurintegratie) bij de bewaring van tulpenplantgoed door het vaststellen van de tolerantie van enkele cultivars voor verhogingen van de dagtemperatuur en verlagingen van de nachttemperatuur

  1. Epidemiologie en basisgezondheidszorg : analyse van volksgezondheid door basisgezondheidsdiensten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davidse, W.; Ginneken, J.K.S. van; Water, H.P.A. van de

    1989-01-01

    Dit boekje bevat de bijdragen aan het symposium, dat op 30 september 1988 werd georganiseerd door de sector Gezondheidszorg en Epidemiologie van het Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg/TNO te Leiden.

  2. Open life science research, open software and the open century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Youhua Chen

    2015-01-01

    At the age of knowledge explosion and mass scientific information, I highlighted the importance of conducting open science in life and medical researches through the extensive usage of open software and documents. The proposal of conducting open science is to reduce the limited repeatability of researches in life science. I outlined the essential steps for conducting open life science and the necessary standards for creating, reusing and reproducing open materials. Different Creative Commons licenses were presented and compared of their usage scope and restriction. As a conclusion, I argued that open materials should be widely adopted in doing life and medical researches.

  3. Fault Diagnosis Research for Metro Door Based on FTA%基于FTA的地铁车门故障诊断研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏军; 邢宗义; 王晓浩

    2014-01-01

    Door system is a key subsystem of metro train, so the FTA method is applied to carry out the fault diagnosis research for reducing door maintenance time and improving door reliability. On the basis of analyzing the structure and working principle of metro door system, the disabled open fault of door system is selected as a top event to establish the fault tree. The minimum cut set is calculated by the Fussell-Vesely method, then the qualitative and quantitative analysis of FTA are carried out, so , so it can be concluded that EDCU , limit switch, nut component , screw and middle unlocking component have a great damage on door disabled open fault. The obtained results can be used for fault diagnosis of the metro door system.%车门系统是地铁列车的关键子系统,应用故障树分析FTA方法对地铁车门系统进行故障诊断研究有助于缩短车门检修时间和提高车门工作可靠性。在分析地铁车门系统结构和工作原理的基础之上,选取车门无法自动开门故障作为顶事件建立故障树,采用下行法求最小割集并进行定性与定量的综合分析,从而得出了EDCU、关闭行程开关、螺母组件、丝杆和中间解锁组件对车门无法自动开门故障的影响较大的诊断结果,为地铁车门系统的故障诊断提供辅助参考决策。

  4. Blower-door techniques for measuring interzonal leakage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hult, Erin L.; Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The standard blower door test methods, such as ASTM E779, describe how to use a single blower door to determine the total leakage of a single-zone structure such as a detached single-family home. There are no standard test methods for measuring interzonal leakage in a two-zone or multi-zone building envelope such as might be encountered in with an attached garage or in a multifamily building. Some practitioners have been using techniques that involve making multiple measurements with a single blower door as well as combined measurements using multiple blower doors. Even for just two zones there are dozens of combinations of one-door and two-door test protocols that could conceivably be used to determine the interzonal air tightness. We examined many of these two-zone configurations using both simulation and measured data to estimate the accuracy and precision of each technique for realistic measurement scenarios. We also considered the impact of taking measurements at a single pressure versus over multiple pressures. We compared the various techniques and evaluated them for specific uses. Some techniques work better in one leakage regime; some are more sensitive to wind and other noise; some are more suited to determining only a subset of the leakage values. This paper makes recommendations on which techniques to use or not use for various cases and provides data that could be used to develop future test methods.

  5. Computational analysis of aircraft pressure relief doors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schott, Tyler

    Modern trends in commercial aircraft design have sought to improve fuel efficiency while reducing emissions by operating at higher pressures and temperatures than ever before. Consequently, greater demands are placed on the auxiliary bleed air systems used for a multitude of aircraft operations. The increased role of bleed air systems poses significant challenges for the pressure relief system to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the aircraft. The core compartment pressure relief door (PRD) is an essential component of the pressure relief system which functions to relieve internal pressure in the core casing of a high-bypass turbofan engine during a burst duct over-pressurization event. The successful modeling and analysis of a burst duct event are imperative to the design and development of PRD's to ensure that they will meet the increased demands placed on the pressure relief system. Leveraging high-performance computing coupled with advances in computational analysis, this thesis focuses on a comprehensive computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study to characterize turbulent flow dynamics and quantify the performance of a core compartment PRD across a range of operating conditions and geometric configurations. The CFD analysis was based on a compressible, steady-state, three-dimensional, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes approach. Simulations were analyzed, and results show that variations in freestream conditions, plenum environment, and geometric configurations have a non-linear impact on the discharge, moment, thrust, and surface temperature characteristics. The CFD study revealed that the underlying physics for this behavior is explained by the interaction of vortices, jets, and shockwaves. This thesis research is innovative and provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of existing and novel PRD geometries over a range of realistic operating conditions representative of a burst duct over-pressurization event. Further, the study provides aircraft

  6. Pneumatic vs. door-to-door waste collection systems in existing urban areas: a comparison of economic performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teerioja, Nea; Moliis, Katja; Kuvaja, Eveliina; Ollikainen, Markku; Punkkinen, Henna; Merta, Elina

    2012-10-01

    Pneumatic waste collection systems are becoming increasingly popular in new urban residential areas, and an attractive alternative to conventional vehicle-operated municipal solid waste (MSW) collection also in ready-built urban areas. How well pneumatic systems perform in ready-built areas is, however, an unexplored topic. In this paper, we analyze how a hypothetical stationary pneumatic waste collection system compares economically to a traditional vehicle-operated door-to-door collection system in an existing, densely populated urban area. Both pneumatic and door-to-door collection systems face disadvantages in such areas. While buildings and fixed city infrastructure increase the installation costs of a pneumatic system in existing residential areas, the limited space for waste transportation vehicles and containers cause problems for vehicle-operated waste collection systems. The method used for analyzing the cost effects of the compared waste collection systems in our case study takes into account also monetized environmental effects of both waste collection systems. As a result, we find that the door-to-door collection system is economically almost six times more superior. The dominant cost factor in the analysis is the large investment cost of the pneumatic system. The economic value of land is an important variable, as it is able to reverse the results, if the value of land saved with a pneumatic system is sufficiently high. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. De Par en Par (Wide Open), 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Par en Par, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the four issues of the serial "De Par en Par" published during 1993. This serial provides lessons in Spanish for elementary school children. It is written by bilingual education teachers for use in the bilingual classroom. The magazine bases itself on the K-6 curriculum and offers a variety of activities for classroom…

  8. Genome-Wide Mapping of Uncapped and Cleaved Transcripts Reveals a Role for the Nuclear mRNA Cap-Binding Complex in Cotranslational RNA Decay in Arabidopsis[OPEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willmann, Matthew R.

    2016-01-01

    RNA turnover is necessary for controlling proper mRNA levels posttranscriptionally. In general, RNA degradation is via exoribonucleases that degrade RNA either from the 5′ end to the 3′ end, such as XRN4, or in the opposite direction by the multisubunit exosome complex. Here, we use genome-wide mapping of uncapped and cleaved transcripts to reveal the global landscape of cotranslational mRNA decay in the Arabidopsis thaliana transcriptome. We found that this process leaves a clear three nucleotide periodicity in open reading frames. This pattern of cotranslational degradation is especially evident near the ends of open reading frames, where we observe accumulation of cleavage events focused 16 to 17 nucleotides upstream of the stop codon because of ribosomal pausing during translation termination. Following treatment of Arabidopsis plants with the translation inhibitor cycloheximide, cleavage events accumulate 13 to 14 nucleotides upstream of the start codon where initiating ribosomes have been stalled with these sequences in their P site. Further analysis in xrn4 mutant plants indicates that cotranslational RNA decay is XRN4 dependent. Additionally, studies in plants lacking CAP BINDING PROTEIN80/ABA HYPERSENSITIVE1, the largest subunit of the nuclear mRNA cap binding complex, reveal a role for this protein in cotranslational decay. In total, our results demonstrate the global prevalence and features of cotranslational RNA decay in a plant transcriptome. PMID:27758893

  9. 14 CFR 29.783 - Doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... specified in paragraph (d) of this section, acting separately relative to the surrounding structure. (2) The... ditching emergency exits must have means to enable them to be secured in the open position and remain secure for emergency egress in sea state conditions prescribed for ditching....

  10. SAFETY BULLETIN TIS 2002-03 GLASS DOORS

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Be careful! What happened?   Unsignaled reinforced glass.   Signaled safety glass.   A visitor recently hurt his leg when he walked into a glass door which shattered from the impact. This door was made of reinforced glass, a material which is inappropriate for this kind of use as it is too fragile. Indeed, it shatters into sharp splinters which can cause serious injury. Furthermore, the door was not easily visible (badly lit, no warning signs, ...). Corrective measures Just after the accident: glass doors were signed to make them more visible; replacement of dangerous glass panes planned for 2003. What preventive measures can be taken against this kind of accident? If you are in charge of projects and works: In the call for tender, specify the acceptable shock resistance level of the glass pane; Before the door is mounted, insist on receiving technical documentation and/or certificate of conformity from the supplier; If in doubt, ask advice from the TIS/GS sa...

  11. Improving Door-to-balloon Time by Decreasing Door-to-ECG time for Walk-in STEMI Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coyne, Christopher J.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend rapid door-to-electrocardiography (ECG times for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI. Previous quality improvement research at our institution revealed that we were not meeting this benchmark for walk-in STEMI patients. The objective is to investigate whether simple, directed changes in the emergency department (ED triage process for potential cardiac patients could decrease door-to-ECG times and secondarily door-to-balloon times. Methods: We conducted an interventional study at a large, urban, public teaching hospital from April 2010 to June 2012. All patients who walked into the ED with a confirmed STEMI were enrolled in the study. The primary intervention involved creating a chief complaint-based “cardiac triage” designation that streamlined the evaluation of potential cardiac patients. A secondary intervention involved moving our ECG technician and ECG station to our initial triage area. The primary outcome measure was door-to-ECG time and the secondary outcome measure was door-to-balloon time. Results: We enrolled 91 walk-in STEMI patients prior to the intervention period and 141 patients after the invention. We observed statistically significant reductions in door-to-ECG time (43±93 to 30±72 minutes, median 23 to 14 minutes p<0.01, ECG-to-activation time (87±134 to 52±82 minutes, median 43 to 31 minutes p<0.01, and door-to-balloon time (134±146 to 84±40 minutes, median 85 -75 minutes p=0.03. Conclusion: By creating a chief complaint-based cardiac triage protocol and by streamlining ECG completion, walk-in STEMI patients are systematically processed through the ED. This is not only associated with a decrease in door-to-balloon time, but also a decrease in the variability of the time sensitive intervals of door-to-ECG and ECG-to-balloon time. [West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(1:184–189.

  12. Confounding adjustment through front-door blocking in longitudinal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvid Sjölander

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A common aim of epidemiological research is to estimate the causal effect of a particular exposure on a particular outcome. Towards this end, observed associations are often ‘adjusted’ for potential confounding variables. When the potential confounders are unmeasured, explicit adjustment becomes unfeasible. It has been demonstrated that causal effects can be estimated even in the presence of umeasured confounding, utilizing a method called ‘front-door blocking’. In this paper we generalize this method to longitudinal studies. We demonstrate that the method of front-door blocking poses a number of challenging statistical problems, analogous to the famous problems associ- ated with the method of ‘back-door blocking’.

  13. Simulation Optimization of the Crossdock Door Assignment Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Aickelin, Uwe

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to present the Crossdock Door Assignment Problem, which involves assigning destinations to outbound dock doors of Crossdock centres such that travel distance by material handling equipment is minimized. We propose a two fold solution; simulation and optimization of the simulation model simulation optimization. The novel aspect of our solution approach is that we intend to use simulation to derive a more realistic objective function and use Memetic algorithms to find an optimal solution. The main advantage of using Memetic algorithms is that it combines a local search with Genetic Algorithms. The Crossdock Door Assignment Problem is a new domain application to Memetic Algorithms and it is yet unknown how it will perform.

  14. The doors have been removed… for YOUR safety

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildgaard, Mette Simonsen

    A sociomaterial case study of how bombs (and their users), doors and politics instigated the destabilization and dismantling of the public telephone booth in Denmark, and the subsequent re-assembling process, through design contests and political struggle, to establish a new appropriate design...... Paper Long Abstract: This sociomaterial case study deals with the destabilization and dismantling of the public telephone booth in Denmark, which began in 1977-1978 when an unforeseen use - a series of bomb attacks - struck the booths in Copenhagen. As a safety measure, police removed the doors...

  15. Mind Mapping:The Key to the Door of Art Thinking%思维导图:打开美术思维之门的钥匙

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严向红

    2012-01-01

      美术思维的训练与培养是中学美术教育的一道难题。思维导图就像一把打开美术思维之门的钥匙,在美术思维训练中发挥着特殊作用。思维导图的发散思维,可以打开学生想象创造之门;思维导图的全脑学习,可以打开学生的右脑直觉之门;思维导图的图文并茂,可以打开学生的绘画思维之门;思维导图与美育结合,可以打开学生的学科整合之门。%  The training and cultivation of art thinking is a problem of art education in middle schools. Mind map⁃ping is a key to the door of art thinking, and it plays a special role in the training of art thinking. First of all, the divergent thinking of mind mapping can open the door to students’imagination and creativity. Secondly, the whole brain learning of mind mapping can open the door to students’right-brain intuition. Thirdly, the illustrated mind mapping can open the door to students’painting thinking. Lastly, mind mapping coupled with aesthetic education can open the door to students’integration of subjects

  16. 浅谈齿形同步带在电梯门系统的应用%The Application of Toothed Timing Belt in the Door System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍俊超; 邓浩斌

    2014-01-01

    From last century, the development of elevator history has over 100 years. Door system, one of the core components of elevator, plays an important role in the elevator’ s movement. In the course of door machine development, belt drawing door machine had been replaced the rocker door machine. Up to now, belts are inseparable from elevator door machine. In the application of door system, the toothed timing belts are the most widely used. Toothed timing belt has the better performance to other belts. With the development of the chemical industry,the kind of the belt is also increasing. Choose the right material of belts is indispensable to improve the performance of door machine.%从20世纪初到现在,电梯发展已有100多年历史。门系统的部件是电梯的核心部件之一,起着至关重要的作用。门机的发展历程中,由摇臂式门机发展到皮带驱动式门机。到目前为止,所有的电梯门机均离不开皮带。皮带在门系统的应用中,齿形同步皮带最受欢迎。齿形同步皮带相对于其他皮带性能更优越。随着化学工业的发展,皮带的种类也越来越多,选择材料合适的皮带对门机使用性能的提高有着必不可少的帮助。

  17. 钢管折叠门及铰链式插销设计%The Design of Steel-pipe Pull-down Door and Hinge-type latch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴福明; 赵天婵

    2000-01-01

    介绍了一种钢管折叠门及铰链式插销的设计。该设计解决了门关闭时整体刚度差、门打开时存在死点的问题,可借助铰链式插销锁紧折叠门。%This article introduce a design of steel-pipe Pull-down door and hinge-type latch. This design preferably solves the technical problems when do designing the door in pre-design, such as integral rigidity being not very good, exciting fatal points when opening the door and so on. We can conveniently lock the pull-down doors by the hinge-type latch. The effect has been proved well by trial-manufacture and putting to use.

  18. REASEACH ON THE REINFORCE TREATMENT OF LIGHT DOOR FRAME%浅谈轻型门式刚架的加固处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖彤; 李守恒

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, Chinas industrial and civil building in single steel structure, light door frame structure is widely applied, and the door frame to wind load and vertical load are sensitive. If carelessly a bit, it can precipitate accidents. This paper introduces the door frame structure accident with the reinforce treatment, reference for other similar projects.%近年来,我国在单层工业与民用房屋的钢结构中,较多地应用了轻型门式刚架结构,而此类门式刚架对于风荷载和竖向荷载均较为敏感,稍有不慎,即可酿成事故.本文介绍一起门刚事故的加固处理方式-变门刚为普钢的加固法,供类似工程参考.

  19. Rational Design of High-Performance Wide-Bandgap (≈2 eV) Polymer Semiconductors as Electron Donors in Organic Photovoltaics Exhibiting High Open Circuit Voltages (≈1 V).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chochos, Christos L; Katsouras, Athanasios; Gasparini, Nicola; Koulogiannis, Chrysanthos; Ameri, Tayebeh; Brabec, Christoph J; Avgeropoulos, Apostolos

    2017-01-01

    Systematic optimization of the chemical structure of wide-bandgap (≈2.0 eV) "donor-acceptor" copolymers consisting of indacenodithiophene or indacenodithieno[3,2-b]thiophene as the electron-rich unit and thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione as the electron-deficient moiety in terms of alkyl side chain engineering and distance of the electron-rich and electron-deficient monomers within the repeat unit of the polymer chain results in high-performance electron donor materials for organic photovoltaics. Specifically, preliminary results demonstrate extremely high open circuit voltages (V oc s) of ≈1.0 V, reasonable short circuit current density (J sc ) of around 11 mA cm(-2) , and moderate fill factors resulting in efficiencies close to 6%. All the devices are fabricated in an inverted architecture with the photoactive layer processed by doctor blade equipment, showing the compatibility with roll-to-roll large-scale manufacturing processes. From the correlation of the chemical structure-optoelectronic properties-photovoltaic performance, a rational guide toward further optimization of the chemical structure in this family of copolymers, has been achieved. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Optimization of Circular Side Door Beam for Crashworthiness Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Sharmi Raja Husin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Structural optimization related to crashworthiness and energy absorption capability is particularly importance to the automotive industry. The optimization involves highly nonlinear computational analysis and design with many material and structure parameters. This paper presents a crashworthiness design of the circular side door beam which attach to the side door structures. The response surface method (RSM is utilized to formulate the complex crashworthiness design problem in the case of optimization. In this study, side door beam will be optimized. The beams in circular shape were studied and compared. The focus is on finding an optimum cross-section shape of the beam in order to improve the energy absorption character.  An optimization problem is formulated to find the maximum energy absorbed with the maximum peak load as a constraint, the shape of the beam cross section and the thickness as variable. The structure optimum design and simulation analysis of automobile side-door beam was carried out by using Finite Element (FE method.

  1. 77 FR 62446 - Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... increase their marketing efforts. On July 10, 2012, the Postal Service filed a request with the Postal... alternative marketing name of Every Door Direct Mail for commercial mailings of Standard Mail flats with... positioning on the host piece. d. The attachment does not interfere with processing or delivery. Folded...

  2. De Rijnvervuiling door het ongeval bij Sandoz Ag

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Canton JH; van Gestel CAM; Greve PA; de Jong AP; Knoop J; de Kruijf HAM; van de Meent D; van Noort PCM; de Nijs T; Struijs J; Zwart; D. de

    1986-01-01

    Op basis van de door DBW/RIZA en het RIVM uitgevoerde metingen van de concentraties in Rijnwater van de bij Bazel geloosde bestrijdingsmiddelen zijn schattingen gemaakt van de maximale concentraties van deze stoffen in de Nederlandse oppervlaktewateren. Het betrof met name de stoffen disulfoton en

  3. Ontwikkeling van licht reflecterende deklagen door KWS: KonweBright

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Huerne, Henderikus L.; Hetebrij, Dirk; Elfring, Jan

    2014-01-01

    In het kader van het milieu staan op dit moment asfalt verhardingsmaterialen met sterker lichtreflecterende eigenschappen in de belangstelling. Dergelijke materialen hebben als voordeel dat door de verbeterde reflectie-eigenschappen op de wegen minder openbare verlichting nodig is en toch een goede

  4. DOORS English--The Cognitive Basis of Rhetorical Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Karl K.

    1979-01-01

    The Development of Operational Reasoning Skills (DOORS) program at Illinois Central College is an interdisciplinary experiment that guides students from concrete to formal operational levels of thought to ensure that they understand the concepts and cognitive skills undergirding the rhetorical modes. (RL)

  5. Melkweg haarscherp in kaart door stabiele meetsystemen TNO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gielesen, W.L.M.

    2014-01-01

    Sinds enkele maanden draait de Ga¡a-satel]¡et van Esa op anderhalf miljoen kilometer van de aarde. Doel is om een zeer nauwkeurige driedimensionale kaart te maken van ongeveer een miljard sterren in ons Melkwegstetsel. Aan boord zijn twee meetsystemen, door TNO ontwikketd en gebouwd,

  6. Eerste kwartaal 2010 sierteelt: omzetgroei door herstel in maart

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jukema, G.D.; Knijff, van der A.

    2010-01-01

    Het eerste kwartaal van 2010 begon door het winterse weer in januari slecht, maar eindigde hoopvol. Zowel in eigen land als op belangrijke exportmarkten remde winterse omstandigheden de aanvoer, verkoop en handel in bloemen en planten sterk. In februari en met name maart herstelde de aanvoer en mark

  7. A Scholar Who Knocks at the Door to Friendship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Senegalese scholar Adama Gaye came from far away Africa to visit China in March when there was still a chill in the early spring air. He is not an ordinary scholar, but an African friend who has come to knock at the door to friendship.The government of Senegal established diplomatic relations

  8. Melkweg haarscherp in kaart door stabiele meetsystemen TNO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gielesen, W.L.M.

    2014-01-01

    Sinds enkele maanden draait de Ga¡a-satel]¡et van Esa op anderhalf miljoen kilometer van de aarde. Doel is om een zeer nauwkeurige driedimensionale kaart te maken van ongeveer een miljard sterren in ons Melkwegstetsel. Aan boord zijn twee meetsystemen, door TNO ontwikketd en gebouwd, verantwoordelij

  9. Schade aan gewassen door ozon in het groeiseizoen van 1994

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tonneijck, A.E.G.; Dijk, van C.J.

    1995-01-01

    Op vier locaties is het effect van ozon op klaver (Trifolium subterraneum) en boon (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) onderzocht. Bij beide planten is substantiele bladbeschadiging door ozon op alle locaties waargenomen. Bij de teelt van gewassen moet rekening worden gehouden met de negatieve effecten van ozon

  10. Portal: Your Door to World Languages and Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Don; Lawton, Rachele

    2009-01-01

    Portal: Your Door to World Languages and Cultures was a series of public cultural events, in a variety of formats, created through a new partnership between the credit and continuing education (noncredit) foreign language programs at the Community College of Baltimore County (CCBC). Portal was designed to cultivate interest in foreign languages…

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Door-to-needle time for administration of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    4 SAMJ. 241. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is a major cause of mortality and ... seen when the fibrinolytic is given within the first hour of symptom ... (AHA/ACC) guidelines recommend a door-to-needle time of .... The final number included in.

  12. Design of remote control system for vertical hinged door%户外遥控平开门控制系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈曼龙; 张琦

    2015-01-01

    It can facilitate people ’ s daily life to open or close vertical hinged door by way of remote control.The remote control system of the door is designed, with small power gear motors being installed at the bottom of hinged doors. This system uses PT2262/PT2272 remote control module, together with STC12C5A60S2 microcontroller, to control the door opening and closing;the infrared module is applied to as-sure personal or car security; the microcontroller receives signals from remote control module through timing interruption, and from infrared module through external interruption.Through the field test, the system can not only meet the requirements of opening and closing the outdoor double doors by remote control under various climate conditions, but also satisfy the economic requirements.%遥控启闭平开式户外庭院门实用便捷。通过在平开门下部安装小功率驱动电机,并利用STC12 C5 A60 S2单片机结合PT2262/PT2272遥控模块实现平开门遥控启闭,再使用红外模块进行车体和人身保护,单片机以定时中断方式接收遥控模块发出的指令,以外中断方式接受红外模块信号,设计了遥控平开门系统。经过现场测试,系统既能满足户外双扇门体在各种气候条件下的遥控启闭要求,又符合经济性要求。

  13. Door locking and exit security measures on acute psychiatric admission wards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijman, H.L.I.; Bowers, L.; Haglund, K.; Muir-Cochrane, E.; Simpson, A.; Merwe, M. van der

    2011-01-01

    Locking the exit doors of psychiatric wards is believed to reduce the risk of patients absconding. The aims of the study were to investigate both the prevalence of door locking and other exit security measures on UK admission wards, as well as whether door locking appears to be effective in keeping

  14. 16 CFR 1211.13 - Inherent force activated secondary door sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... sensors. 1211.13 Section 1211.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT... § 1211.13 Inherent force activated secondary door sensors. (a) Normal operation test. (1) A force activated door sensor of a door system installed according to the installation instructions shall actuate...

  15. Environmental sustainability comparison of a hypothetical pneumatic waste collection system and a door-to-door system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punkkinen, Henna; Merta, Elina; Teerioja, Nea; Moliis, Katja; Kuvaja, Eveliina

    2012-10-01

    Waste collection is one of the life cycle phases that influence the environmental sustainability of waste management. Pneumatic waste collection systems represent a new way of arranging waste collection in densely populated urban areas. However, limited information is available on the environmental impacts of this system. In this study, we compare the environmental sustainability of conventional door-to-door waste collection with its hypothetical pneumatic alternative. Furthermore, we analyse whether the size of the hypothetical pneumatic system, or the number of waste fractions included, have an impact on the results. Environmental loads are calculated for a hypothetical pneumatic waste collection system modelled on an existing dense urban area in Helsinki, Finland, and the results are compared to those of the prevailing, container-based, door-to-door waste collection system. The evaluation method used is the life-cycle inventory (LCI). In this study, we report the atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), SO(2) and NO(x). The results indicate that replacing the prevailing system with stationary pneumatic waste collection in an existing urban infrastructure would increase total air emissions. Locally, in the waste collection area, emissions would nonetheless diminish, as collection traffic decreases. While the electricity consumption of the hypothetical pneumatic system and the origin of electricity have a significant bearing on the results, emissions due to manufacturing the system's components prove decisive. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. DSP-controIIed EIevator Door-motor System%DSP控制的电梯门机系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟朝朝; 黎庆发

    2015-01-01

    During opening and cIosing the eIevator door,it is required fast and smooth.By anaIyzing the mathematicaI modeI of permanent magnet synchronous motors,designed a zero d-axis current vector controI method.Pressing the eIevator door controI requirements,this articIe has designed a curve for the operation of the door,and used moduIe of MATLAB/SimuIink tobuiId simuIation modeIs.%电梯开门和关门过程要求快速平稳,因此通过分析永磁同步电机数学模型,设计了一套零d轴电流矢量控制系统。并按电梯门机运行要求,设计开关门速度曲线,用MATLAB/SimuIink模块搭建仿真模型验证控制方法。通过实验及现场调试运行,证明系统具有较好的鲁棒性和控制性能,满足电梯门机控制要求。

  17. 一起电梯“门锁短接”的剖析%Analysis of a “Short Circuit of Door Lock” Elevator Accident

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志莹

    2016-01-01

    The elevator landing door is the protection device for preventing falls and cut, the door lock device plays an important role in the safe operation of the elevator. According to statistics, more than 80% of accidents have occurred because of the elevator door system, and short circuit of door lock is a risk factor in such accidents. In this paper, a phenomena found in an elevator supervision and spot checks that the elevator continue to run while the elevator landing door opening is analyzed. Combining simple principle and practical means of the elevator industry, this paper discussed the short circuit of door lock based on this case, and warns the industry workers the harm of the shorting operation.%电梯层门是电梯中一种防止坠落和剪切的保护装置,门锁装置对电梯的安全运行起着至关重要的作用。据统计电梯事故的80%以上都发生在门系统中,而短接门锁又是此类事故的高危因素。本文对一起电梯监督抽查中发现的开门走梯现象进行了分析。文章借此案例以简单的原理结合行业中的实际操作手段来探讨门锁短接现象,并以此警示各位从业人员违规短接的危害。

  18. Portas abertas: novas possibilidades no ensino da enfermagem psiquiátrica Puertas abiertas: nuevas posibilidades en la enseñanza de la enfermería psiquiátrica Open doors: a new possibility in psychiatric nursing teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Aparecida Villa

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho descreve uma experiência no ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica, em um serviço aberto de atenção à saúde mental. Os discursos dos alunos mostram o sentido desse estágio para sua formação, apontando ter sido uma experiência rica a ser mantida, pois lhes permitiu conhecer o papel e a atuação do enfermeiro, desenvolver uma assistência contemplando teoria e prática, além de reconhecer o doente mental como cidadão.Este trabajo describe una experiencia en la enseñanza de la enfermería psiquiátrica en un servicio abierto de atención a la salud mental. Los relatos de los alumnos muestran el sentido de éstas prácticas para su formación profesional. Señalando la riqueza de ésta experiencia y el interés por su continuación ya que les permitió conocer el papel y la actuación del enfermero, desarrollar una asistencia teniendo en cuenta teoría y práctica, además de reconocer al enfermo mental como ciudadano.This paper describes a teaching experience in psychiatric nursing at an open mental health care service. Students' discourses show how meaningful and rich an experience it has been for their careers. Participating in this training has allowed them to learn the role of nurses, to improve assistance by applying both theory and practice as well as to recognize people with mental disorders as ordinary citizens.

  19. Open source drug discovery--a new paradigm of collaborative research in tuberculosis drug development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhardwaj, Anshu; Scaria, Vinod; Raghava, Gajendra Pal Singh; Lynn, Andrew Michael; Chandra, Nagasuma; Banerjee, Sulagna; Raghunandanan, Muthukurussi V; Pandey, Vikas; Taneja, Bhupesh; Yadav, Jyoti; Dash, Debasis; Bhattacharya, Jaijit; Misra, Amit; Kumar, Anil; Ramachandran, Srinivasan; Thomas, Zakir; Brahmachari, Samir K

    2011-09-01

    It is being realized that the traditional closed-door and market driven approaches for drug discovery may not be the best suited model for the diseases of the developing world such as tuberculosis and malaria, because most patients suffering from these diseases have poor paying capacity. To ensure that new drugs are created for patients suffering from these diseases, it is necessary to formulate an alternate paradigm of drug discovery process. The current model constrained by limitations for collaboration and for sharing of resources with confidentiality hampers the opportunities for bringing expertise from diverse fields. These limitations hinder the possibilities of lowering the cost of drug discovery. The Open Source Drug Discovery project initiated by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India has adopted an open source model to power wide participation across geographical borders. Open Source Drug Discovery emphasizes integrative science through collaboration, open-sharing, taking up multi-faceted approaches and accruing benefits from advances on different fronts of new drug discovery. Because the open source model is based on community participation, it has the potential to self-sustain continuous development by generating a storehouse of alternatives towards continued pursuit for new drug discovery. Since the inventions are community generated, the new chemical entities developed by Open Source Drug Discovery will be taken up for clinical trial in a non-exclusive manner by participation of multiple companies with majority funding from Open Source Drug Discovery. This will ensure availability of drugs through a lower cost community driven drug discovery process for diseases afflicting people with poor paying capacity. Hopefully what LINUX the World Wide Web have done for the information technology, Open Source Drug Discovery will do for drug discovery.

  20. Robotic Arm Camera Image of the South Side of the Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer (Door TA4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer (TEGA) instrument aboard NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander is shown with one set of oven doors open and dirt from a sample delivery. After the 'seventh shake' of TEGA, a portion of the dirt sample entered the oven via a screen for analysis. This image was taken by the Robotic Arm Camera on Sol 18 (June 13, 2008), or 18th Martian day of the mission. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  1. 某钢结构厂房大型垂直提升门门框结构受力分析%DOOR FRAME STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF THE LARGE VERTICAL LIFTING DOOR FOR A STEEL STRUCTURE PLANT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱见励; 欧阳红星; 曹丽娜

    2016-01-01

    随着钢结构产业的发展,钢结构厂房在工业市场中运用越来越广。为确保施工质量、避免构件的现场拼装,很多工艺设备或器材直接在工厂完成拼装。同时,建设方也青睐厂房大门做大以达到外立面气派的效果。在这种情况下,厂房的大门也必须适应相应的发展,门也越做越大,尺寸也远远超过图集中常规大门的标准。本文基于某垂直提升门的工程实例,对其配套的门框结构进行受力分析,并作出小结。%Steel structure plant has been applied widely in the industrial market with the development of the steel structure industry. A lot of equipments or devices are assembled directly in the factory in order to ensure the construction quality and avoid the assembly of components. Meanwhile, construction companies prefer the larger door in order to get a magnificent effect. In this condition, the door of the plant must be made bigger and bigger in order to adapt to such development although the size is far more than the standard gate in the atlas. This paper mainly makes door frame structure analysis and provides a summary according to the vertical lifting door in an applied example.

  2. Ervaringen van schaamte en psychologisch lijden door voedselbankklanten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hille Hoogland

    2016-03-01

    men and 27 women. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed in Atlas.ti by two researchers, using attribute and structural coding.Our results show that foodbank clients use a combination of different strategies to cope with living on tight budgets. Most of them save money on food, non-food and social activities. Another strategy is to ask for support from family or friends for money, clothing or food. Some respondents are almost completely dependent on gifts from friends and the food parcel and some also reported being restricted in their social life and having lost friends. We found that lack of money is related to psychological suffering: sleeplessness, stress, fear, panic, depression and feelings of sadness. The causes mentioned for this suffering were: debts, persistent letters from creditors, and not being able to afford consumer goods and/or activities. Some respondents reported seeking to numb these feelings through the use of alcohol or cannabis. Others avoided opening letters or answering telephone calls.In the interviews, foodbank clients expressed their feelings about their situation. Shame was the most frequently mentioned emotion and related to the label of “foodbank client”, the working method of the foodbank or not being able to consume what they wanted to. Firstly, respondents felt ashamed about being a foodbank client, because this is not acceptable in their social and cultural environment, and there is a negative stigma associated with being a foodbank client rather than a “normal working citizen”. Some of the respondents try to hide the fact that they use a foodbank, while others stated that they liked to form friendships with other foodbank clients because they would be more likely to accept and understand them. Another reaction was to downplay the situation. Secondly, shame was connected to the way that the foodbank operates. Clients feel ashamed to have to show their administration in the assessment interview before they can

  3. Intelligent Vision System for Door Sensing Mobile Robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jharna Majumdar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Wheeled Mobile Robots find numerous applications in the Indoor man made structured environments. In order to operate effectively, the robots must be capable of sensing its surroundings. Computer Vision is one of the prime research areas directed towards achieving these sensing capabilities. In this paper, we present a Door Sensing Mobile Robot capable of navigating in the indoor environment. A robust and inexpensive approach for recognition and classification of the door, based on monocular vision system helps the mobile robot in decision making. To prove the efficacy of the algorithm we have designed and developed a ‘Differentially’ Driven Mobile Robot. A wall following behavior using Ultra Sonic range sensors is employed by the mobile robot for navigation in the corridors.  Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA have been used for the implementation of PD Controller for wall following and PID Controller to control the speed of the Geared DC Motor.

  4. Improving Emergency Department Door to Doctor Time and Process Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Sayed, Mazen J.; El-Eid, Ghada R.; Saliba, Miriam; Jabbour, Rima; Hitti, Eveline A.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using lean management methods on improving emergency department door to doctor times at a tertiary care hospital. We performed a before and after study at an academic urban emergency department with 49,000 annual visits after implementing a series of lean driven interventions over a 20 month period. The primary outcome was mean door to doctor time and the secondary outcome was length of stay of both admitted and discharged patients. A convenience sample from the preintervention phase (February 2012) was compared to another from the postintervention phase (mid-October to mid-November 2013). Individual control charts were used to assess process stability. Postintervention there was a statistically significant decrease in the mean door to doctor time measure (40.0 minutes ± 53.44 vs 25.3 minutes ± 15.93 P < 0.001). The postintervention process was more statistically in control with a drop in the upper control limits from 148.8 to 72.9 minutes. Length of stay of both admitted and discharged patients dropped from 2.6 to 2.0 hours and 9.0 to 5.5 hours, respectively. All other variables including emergency department visit daily volumes, hospital occupancy, and left without being seen rates were comparable. Using lean change management techniques can be effective in reducing door to doctor time in the Emergency Department and improving process reliability. PMID:26496278

  5. Analysis of Open Access Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Helen Doyle; Andy Gass; Debra Lappin; Rebecca Kennison

    2005-01-01

    This paper is created by bounding 5 editorials of Public Library of Science (PLoS ) which have written on various aspects of open access. It covers wide range topics of important open access issues, such as from paying for open access to copyright to open access as a public issue, which may be more or less of interest of our audience.

  6. Medium-to-high prevalence of screening-detected parkinsonism in the urban area of Tehran, Iran: data from a community-based door-to-door study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshtehnejad SM

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad,1,2 Mahdiyeh Shafieesabet,3 Arash Rahmani,4 Ahmad Delbari,1,5 Johan Lökk1,6 1Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society (NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Firoozgar Clinical Research Development Center (FCRDC, Firoozgar Hospital, 3Medical Student Research Committee (MSRC, Faculty of Medicine, 4Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 5Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran; 6Department of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Introduction: Parkinsonism occurs in all ethnic groups worldwide; however, there are wide variations in the prevalence rates reported from different countries, even for neighboring regions. The huge socioeconomic burden of parkinsonism necessitates the need for prevalence studies in each country. So far, there is neither data registry nor prevalence information on parkinsonism in the Iranian population. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence rate of probable parkinsonism in a huge urban area in Iran, Tehran using a community-based door-to-door survey.Materials and methods: We used a random multistage sampling of the households within the network of health centers consisting of 374 subunits in all 22 districts throughout the entire urban area of Tehran. Overall, 20,621 individuals answered the baseline checklist and screening questionnaire and data from 19,500 persons aged ≥30 years were entered in the final analysis. Health care professionals used a new six-item screening questionnaire for parkinsonism, which has been previously shown to have a high validity and diagnostic value in the same population.Results: A total of 157 cases were screened for parkinsonism using the validated six-item questionnaire. After

  7. Development of Automatically Handle Relief Agencies of Ventilation Door for Coal Mine%矿用风门自动卸压机构研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李祖国; 孙晓磊

    2014-01-01

    Because of the negative pressure in the underground of Hegang coal mine Co., LTD, it is difficult to open the ventilation door.How to release the pressure while opening the ventilation door remains s technical problem.This design of two -way rotary shutters automatically handle relief agencies to address the difficult issues open throttle to achieve a relief , wrapped up in a short time to open the door , and convenient operation , and observed between two ventilation door , is able to watch the conditions in other channel , whether traffic , pedestrians , interlocking mechanism is normal.This device has broad market prospects.%黑龙江龙煤股份公司鹤岗分公司井下使用的风门,由于矿井通风负压关系影响,存在风门开启困难的问题。风门间如何实现开门卸压一直是该煤矿未能很好解决的技术难题。本文设计的双向手柄旋转式百叶窗自动卸压机构解决了风门开启困难的问题,实现了卸压、开门在短时间内一气呵成,并且操作快捷方便,同时又可兼做两道风门间嘹望窗使用,能够相互观看到另一道风门的状况,是否通车、行人、联锁机构是否正常。此装置具市场前景广阔。

  8. Open Days – The final countdown

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    In only a few days CERN will open its doors to everyone! Thousands of volunteers are working very hard so that your visit will be both mind-boggling and fun. Where is the coldest place in the Universe? How can you move 30 tonne magnets with sub-millimetre precision? Why do you need huge detectors to look at the infinitely small? There’s only one way to find the answers: Come to CERN!

  9. A door-to-door survey of bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infestations in row homes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yage; Tracy, Dylan M; Barbarin, Alexis M; Barbu, Corentin M; Levy, Michael Z

    2014-07-01

    We conducted a door-to-door survey in a residential census tract of Philadelphia to estimate the prevalence and spatial patterns of recent bed bug infestations. We interviewed 596 residents, of whom 66 (11.1%) reported recent bed bug infestations. We confirmed current infestations in a subset of 15 (68.2%) of 22 inspected households. Most residents reported that their infestation began within the past year (2012-2013). We found no correlation between property value and infestation status. Spatial analyses showed significant clustering of bed bug infestations only at fine scales, suggesting limited active dispersal of the insects. Residents used a large variety of treatment methods to eliminate bed bugs, but only 48.1% reported success. Our results provide a prevalence estimate of recent bed bug infestations and highlight the importance of passive rather than active dispersal of bed bugs even among dense urban row homes.

  10. Antiknock Performance of Interlayered High-Damping-Rubber Blast Door under Thermobaric Shock Wave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiudi Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The long duration and high impulse shock wave of thermobaric bomb threatens the security of underground structures. To obtain high resistance blast door against thermobaric shock wave, firstly, the dynamic mechanic property of high damping rubber was studied by split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB equipment and the stress-strain relationship of high damping rubber under average strain rate of 5200/s was obtained. Secondly, the numerical model of interlayered high-damping-rubber blast door was established with ANSYS/LS-DYNA code based on test results, and the antiknock performance of interlayered high-damping-rubber blast door under thermobaric shock wave was analyzed by contrast with ordinary blast door. The results showed that the midspan displacement of the blast door decreased firstly and then increased with the increase of thickness of the high-damping-rubber interlayer, and the optimal thickness of the high-damping-rubber interlayer for energy consuming was 150 mm in the calculation condition of this paper. With the increase of the distance between the interlayer and the front surface of the door, the midspan displacement of the blast door decreased continually. The midspan maximum displacement of interlayered high-damping-rubber blast door decreased 74.5% in comparison to ordinary blast door. It showed that the high-damping-rubber structure can effectively improve the antiknock performance of blast door under thermobaric shock wave.

  11. The Costs of "Openness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleveland, Harlan

    1975-01-01

    The author argues that very wide consultation tends to discourage innovation and favor stand-pattism and that the very great benefits of openness and wide participation are flawed by apathy and non-participation, by muscle-binding legalisms, by processes which polarize two adversary sides, and by the encouragement of mediocrity. (JT)

  12. Una puerta abierta a la profesionalidad pedagógica A door opened to pedagogical proficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Socarrás Sánchez

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una experiencia pedagógica que se desarrolla en el Instituto Superior de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, se aplica desde el año 2003 y se extiende hasta este curso 2005-2006. Se tiene como base el trabajo desarrollado como profesor guía con el grupo D-11, F-16 y el testigo de primer año de Medicina, en los cuales se ha aplicado una estrategia pedagógica y a la misma se le adicionaron métodos educativos y un sistema de técnicas participativas, lo que ha dado resultados satisfactorios. El trabajo tiene como objetivo proponer una alternativa metodológica para el trabajo educativo del profesor guía en el proceso de fortalecimiento de los valores. El mismo brinda elementos teóricos relacionados con el trabajo educativo, diversos métodos y técnicas para realizar el mismo de manera más eficiente y se da a conocer la importancia del profesor guía en este proceso. Entre los resultados se destacan la formulación de pasos metodológicos para poder realizar una estrategia pedagógica, el diseño de una herramienta de trabajo para el profesor guía, indicaciones para efectuar el turno de reflexión y debate, la aplicación del material elaborado en la superación de los profesores guías que pertenecen al comité horizontal del primer año de medicinaThis work is a pedagogic experience developed in the High Medical School of Camaguey, it is applied since 2003 and it extends to the school year 2005-2006. It is based on the work developed by the adviser teachers of two groups and witness classes from first year, in which pedagogic strategies have been applied adding educational methods and a participative techniques system, with satisfactory results. This work has as objective to propose a methodological alternative for the advicer teachers´ educational work in the process of strengthen values. It offers theoretical elements related to the educational work, diverse methods and techniques to carry out it in a more efficient way, and it is showed the importance of the adviser teacher in the process. Among the results stand out the formulation of methodological steps to be able to carry out a pedagogic strategy, the design of a tool for the adviser teacher, indications to develop the debate and reflection shifts, the application of the material elaborated in the adviser teachers´ preparation in the first year horizontal committee.

  13. Flywheel bus opens doors for investors; Vliegwielbus opent deuren voor investeerders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dijkgraaf, A. [ed.

    1999-03-01

    A brief impression is given of the performance of the first prototype of the CCM-developed (Centre for Construction and Mechatronics in Nuenen, Netherlands) flywheel bus, fuelled by LPG and powered by a flywheel

  14. The nutritional quality of drum-dried algae produced in open door mass culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, A M; Hussein, L A; Abdalla, F E; el-Fouly, M M; Shaheen, A B

    1985-12-01

    The yield of three large scale cultures of Scenedesmus acutus, Chlorella vulgaris, and Coelastrum proboscideum was drum dried. The amino acid composition of the three species proved to compare well with the FAO (11) amino acid pattern except for methionine and isoleucine. Bio-assay evaluation of the three algal proteins gave the following values: protein efficiency ratio, 1.9-2.1; net protein ratio, 2,4-2.8; biological value, 75-78; digestibility coefficient 88-89; and calculated net protein utilization 67-69. Total nucleic acid content was about 4%. Uric acid content in the plasma of rats fed Scenedesmus, Chlorella, and Coelastrum diets was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) than in plasma of rats fed on a casein diet.

  15. Single Cycle Thin Film Compressor Opening the door to Zeptosecond-Exawatt Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Mourou, G; Khazanov, E; Sergeev, A

    2014-01-01

    This article demonstrates a new compression scheme that has the potential to compress a high energy pulse as high as a few hundred Joules in a pulse as short as one optical cycle at 0.8{\\mu}m making a true ultra-relativistic {\\lambda}^3 pulse. This pulse could have a focused intensity of 10^24W/cm2 or a0 of 1000. It could form an efficient, 10%, relativistic mirror that could compress the pulse to the atto-zeptosecond regime, with an upshifted wavelength of 1-10keV. This technique could be a watershed making the entry of petawatt pulses into the exawatt and zeptosecond regime possible.

  16. Social Media: Opening New Doors for the Domestic Tourism Industry in Albania

    OpenAIRE

    Vjollca Hysi; Klodiana Gorica; Sokol Luzi

    2015-01-01

    The online word is becoming every day more and more important for the tourism industry. Through different technologies, it has made the possibility to ease the way people search and decide for their own travel destination, the way they pick their accommodation and their traveling medium. In particular the online social media, as part of the online word, has created new opportunities for interaction and communication between people. Today individuals have the opportunity to share ...

  17. Finding Difference: Nemo and Friends Opening the Door to Disability Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Daniel L.

    2010-01-01

    While middle school and high school students may have watched the Disney and Disney/Pixar films when they were younger, chances are they did not do so with a critical eye toward difference and disability, despite the fact that these films serve as excellent tools for teaching about difference. Recent estimates label 20% of the world's population…

  18. Examining the British PhD viva: opening new doors or scarring for life?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Bernie; Whittaker, Karen

    2009-01-01

    The PhD viva -- regardless of its format -- has the potential to be a significant rite of passage for the student. It is an experience that can resonate for months or years afterwards. Part of the challenge is that for everyone involved -- student, supervisory team and examiners -- a degree of end-point uncertainty exists. These ambiguities and tensions are perhaps an inherent part of any examination but are particularly characteristic of the examination of the individual and unique body of work that constitutes the doctoral thesis. In recent years, increased attention has been placed on the processes that surround the examination, aiming to increase transparency, consistency and fairness. However, the process of examining a student and their thesis remains challenging and is surrounded by different agendas, ideologies and practices. This paper examines some of the issues surrounding the PhD viva, primarily focusing on the British viva whilst weaving in commentary about the Australian system.

  19. Does United States v. Windsor (The DOMA Case Open the Door to Congressional Standing Rights?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradford C. Mank

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In rare cases, a president refuses to defend a statute based upon a belief that the statute is unconstitutional. The law is unclear whether either House of Congress has Article III standing to defend a statute that the president refuses to defend. In United States v. Windsor, the Supreme Court in 2013 addressed the onstitutionality of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA. The Obama Administration took the middle position of declining to defend DOMA, but still enforcing it, despite its view that the statute was unconstitutional to assist federal courts in reviewing the constitutionality of the statute. It was unclear whether an appeal was proper in the case once a district court held the statute was unconstitutional, and the Executive Branch essentially agreed with that decision. Applying both prudential standing principles and mandatory Article III standing rules, Justice Kennedy, writing for the majority, recognized that the Executive Branch was an appropriate party on appeal because it continued to enforce the statute. Additionally, the majority acknowledged that briefs filed by House of Representatives leadership supporting the constitutionality of DOMA supplied the necessary adverseness in the case given the Executive's view that DOMA was unconstitutional. The majority did not fully resolve the thorny issue of Congressional standing in cases where a president refuses to enforce a federal statute. Justice Scalia, in his dissent, emphasized the almost exclusive role of the Executive Branch in defending federal laws under Article II, squarely rejected Congressional standing, and argued that no party had standing to appeal in Windsor because the Executive agreed with the district court's judgment holding Section 3 unconstitutional. By contrast, Justice Alito, in his dissent, would have expressly recognized the authority and standing of the leaders of either House to defend any federal statute that the president does not defend. Yet by acknowledging that Congressional participation could supply the necessary adverseness to litigate a case when the Executive Branch agrees with the challenger that a statute is unconstitutional, the Court's opinion in Windsor likely will pave the way for increased Congressional participation in unusual cases where the Executive Branch believes a statute is unconstitutional, but at least one House of Congress wishes to defend the statute's constitutionality.

  20. Social Media: Opening New Doors for the Domestic Tourism Industry in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vjollca Hysi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The online word is becoming every day more and more important for the tourism industry. Through different technologies, it has made the possibility to ease the way people search and decide for their own travel destination, the way they pick their accommodation and their traveling medium. In particular the online social media, as part of the online word, has created new opportunities for interaction and communication between people. Today individuals have the opportunity to share knowledge, opinions and experiences through online communication. Also their impact goes even further by influencing the behavior of other users in the process of buying. This article will be focused on the usage of Facebook social media platform, arranging a content analysis regarding the different social media tools to engage and interact. This will serve as small step in understanding how domestic business and tourism industry are using social platforms to engage more users and increase their business performance.

  1. Cell Culture in Microgravity: Opening the Door to Space Cell Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellis, Neal R.; Dawson, David L. (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    Adaptational response of human cell populations to microgravity is investigated using simulation, short-term Shuttle experiments, and long-term microgravity. Simulation consists of a clinostatically-rotated cell culture system. The system is a horizontally-rotated cylinder completely filled with culture medium. Low speed rotation results in continuous-fall of the cells through the fluid medium. In this setting, cells: 1) aggregate, 2) propagate in three dimensions, 3) synthesize matrix, 4) differentiate, and 5) form sinusoids that facilitate mass transfer. Space cell culture is conducted in flight bioreactors and in static incubators. Cells grown in microgravity are: bovine cartilage, promyelocytic leukemia, kidney proximal tubule cells, adrenal medulla, breast and colon cancer, and endothelium. Cells were cultured in space to test specific hypotheses. Cartilage cells were used to determine structural differences in cartilage grown in space compared to ground-based bioreactors. Results from a 130-day experiment on Mir revealed that cartilage grown in space was substantially more compressible due to insufficient glycosaminoglycan in the matrix. Interestingly, earth-grown cartilage conformed better to the dimensions of the scaffolding material, while the Mir specimens were spherical. The other cell populations are currently being analyzed for cell surface properties, gene expression, and differentiation. Results suggest that some cells spontaneously differentiate in microgravity. Additionally, vast changes in gene expression may occur in response to microgravity. In conclusion, the transition to microgravity may constitute a physical perturbation in cells resulting in unique gene expressions, the consequences of which may be useful in tissue engineering, disease modeling, and space cell biology.

  2. Keeping the door open: romantic science and the experience of self

    OpenAIRE

    Halliwell, Martin

    1996-01-01

    The thesis positions three modem thinkers working in different areas of the human sciences - William James, Ludwig Binswanger and Oliver Sacks - within a framework of romantic science. Romantic science is a term which is developed explicitly in the work of Sacks and also illuminates the central concerns of James and Binswanger. As such, romantic science provides a useful framework in which to discuss conceptual changes in the medical humanities (a branch of the human sciences directed to pati...

  3. Inclusion at University: Can we do more than open the door?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John O'Rourke

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The inclusion of students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD in university settings is an emerging policy initiative.  Different models have evolved to support the inclusion of students with IDD in university settings from full inclusion to specialized separate programs.  This paper reports the process of creating a program of inclusion for a student with IDD in a Western Australian university.   Based on extensive field notes and interviews with the included student and her mentors, the author seeks to assess the pilot study using a case study approach and reflect on what might be required by university staff to enhance inclusive practice for these students.   Key words:  Social inclusion, academic inclusion, university, inclusive pedagogy, intellectual and developmental disability.

  4. Opening the Door to Cloud-Cuckoo-Land: Hempel and Kuhn on Rationality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander George

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A reading is offered of Carl Hempel’s and Thomas Kuhn’s positions on, and disagreements about, rationality in science that relates these issues to the debate between W.V. Quine and Rudolf Carnap on the analytic/synthetic distinction.

  5. "A Big Door Opened for Us": Parents' Perceptions of Comprehensive Preschool

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMulder, Elizabeth K.; Stribling, Stacia M.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative research study was designed to explore the perceptions of parents with low income regarding the effects of involvement in a comprehensive preschool program on their children's development and on the families' quality of life. A purposeful sample of parents who became actively involved in the preschool community was interviewed…

  6. Opening the Door: A First Look at the OCLC WorldCat Metadata API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Reese

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Libraries have long relied on OCLC’s WorldCat database as a way to cooperatively share bibliographic data and declare library holdings to support interlibrary loan services. As curator, OCLC has traditionally mediated all interactions with the WorldCat database through their various cataloging clients to control access to the information. As more and more libraries look for new ways to interact with their data and streamline metadata operations and workflows, these clients have become bottlenecks and an inhibitor of library innovation. To address some of these concerns, in early 2013 OCLC announced the release of a set of application programming interfaces (APIs supporting read and write access to the WorldCat database. These APIs offer libraries their first opportunity to develop new services and workflows that directly interact with the WorldCat database, and provide opportunities for catalogers to begin redefining how they work with OCLC and their data.

  7. A Door Must Be Opened: Perceptions of Students with Disabilities in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yssel, Nina; Pak, Natalya; Beilke, Jayne

    2016-01-01

    Support services and legislation have contributed to the steady increase of students with disabilities in higher education. The question is whether obstacles that impeded success have been removed, or are students with disabilities still a marginalised group, deprived of the benefits of higher education? In this study we interviewed college…

  8. A Reggio-Inspired Music Atelier: Opening the Door between Visual Arts and Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Wendell

    2014-01-01

    The Reggio Emilia approach is based on the idea that every child has at least, "one hundred languages" available for expressing perspectives of the world, and one of those languages is music. While all of the arts (visual, music, dance, drama) are considered equally important in Reggio schools, the visual arts have been particularly…

  9. Opening the Door: How Community Organizations Address the Youth Unemployment Crisis. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Adria; Almeida, Cheryl

    2015-01-01

    Few Americans know the importance of community-based organizations, or CBOs, in helping tens of thousands of undereducated, underemployed young people find a job or go back to school. But the role of CBOs is growing more critical as the business, education, and philanthropic sectors increasingly recognize the need to enable the nation's millions…

  10. Keeping the door open: Exploring experiences of, and responses to, university students who disclose mental illness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donna McAuliffe

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available University educators increasingly manage situations where students disclose serious mental health issues. This is a significant issue, particularly for health and human service professions, as the importance of valuing the lived experience of mental illness lies alongside concerns for professional practice standards. Thus the responsibilities of students to disclose their mental health status and the responsibilities of Universities to provide appropriate support within established disability frameworks must be clear. However, students often do not know who they should disclose to, what will happen to disclosed information, and who has access to this information. Student's often fear embarrassment, stigma, and shame about disclosing mental illness, which is compounded by the diverse attitudes, experiences, and beliefs of educators. Consequently, this paper will review existing literature on university responses to, and students’ experiences of, mental illness in order to set a research agenda for this topic. The authors argue that such research must be undertaken urgently, in a context of inclusivity in higher education that gives voice to the experiences of students, their families and carers, university staff, and practitioners in the field.

  11. The three keys to quality customer service: opening the doors to exceptional performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Pennie; Nance, Don W

    2002-01-01

    Excellence in customer service requires three things. The first is a commitment to a set of principles. These principles reflect beliefs and assumptions that people are valuable and deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. This commitment is expressed to customers by an adherence to six customer-friendly processes and by personnel who possess a high level of skill in the behaviors that make up customer service. When these three requirements are met, laboratorians not only maintain a competitive edge but also fulfill their mission as health-care professionals.

  12. The U.S. Rebalance and Europe: Convergent Strategies Open Doors to Improved Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    China trade deal with “some in Europe and elsewhere [who] want to shut China off behind a bamboo curtain of trade barriers.”28 Trade and invest- ment...July 2012 Phnom Penh statement, which “welcomed the central role played by ASEAN” and “an active and constructive role for China” in the Asia-Pacific

  13. Visy Cares Hub and Victoria University: Making the Door of a University Open to the Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadbent, Robyn

    2011-01-01

    In 1999, a group of men embarked on a remarkable project that resulted in building a two million dollar youth centre in one of Melbourne's most disadvantaged communities. From the outset, Victoria University (VU) was a keen partner in the project. This project had key synergies with the current experiences of the University--a dual sector higher…

  14. Opening the Schoolhouse Doors: Tax Credits and Educational Access in Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II.; Erickson, Angela C.

    2014-01-01

    In 2013, Alabama adopted the Alabama Accountability Act, an education reform measure that includes two new school choice programs that extend a lifeline to Alabama students trapped in failing public schools. One program offers a tax credit to help offset the cost of tuition for families who move their children from public schools designated as…

  15. Cell Culture in Microgravity: Opening the Door to Space Cell Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellis, Neal R.; Dawson, David L. (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    Adaptational response of human cell populations to microgravity is investigated using simulation, short-term Shuttle experiments, and long-term microgravity. Simulation consists of a clinostatically-rotated cell culture system. The system is a horizontally-rotated cylinder completely filled with culture medium. Low speed rotation results in continuous-fall of the cells through the fluid medium. In this setting, cells: 1) aggregate, 2) propagate in three dimensions, 3) synthesize matrix, 4) differentiate, and 5) form sinusoids that facilitate mass transfer. Space cell culture is conducted in flight bioreactors and in static incubators. Cells grown in microgravity are: bovine cartilage, promyelocytic leukemia, kidney proximal tubule cells, adrenal medulla, breast and colon cancer, and endothelium. Cells were cultured in space to test specific hypotheses. Cartilage cells were used to determine structural differences in cartilage grown in space compared to ground-based bioreactors. Results from a 130-day experiment on Mir revealed that cartilage grown in space was substantially more compressible due to insufficient glycosaminoglycan in the matrix. Interestingly, earth-grown cartilage conformed better to the dimensions of the scaffolding material, while the Mir specimens were spherical. The other cell populations are currently being analyzed for cell surface properties, gene expression, and differentiation. Results suggest that some cells spontaneously differentiate in microgravity. Additionally, vast changes in gene expression may occur in response to microgravity. In conclusion, the transition to microgravity may constitute a physical perturbation in cells resulting in unique gene expressions, the consequences of which may be useful in tissue engineering, disease modeling, and space cell biology.

  16. International adoption has opened doors to a better life for many abandoned Chinese babies Going Home

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    On December 30, 2005, Jeannie Butler and her two daughters landed in China yet again. It was her 20th trip and she came loaded with boxes of clothing, food and toys meant for some of China's orphans. Several big boxes had already been dispatched before she boarded the plane. Butler has been doing this for the last 10 years.

  17. Taft's open door policy to the near east : dollar diplomacy practices in the ottoman empire

    OpenAIRE

    İplikçi, Murat

    2015-01-01

    Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 98-105) Thesis (M.S.): Bilkent University, Department of History, İhsan Doğramacı Bilkent University, 2015. This thesis analyzes the United States' Dollar Diplomacy and its practices towards the Ottoman Empire during William Howard Taft's presidency. The United States was not quite interested in improving its economic and diplomatic relations with the Ottoman Empire, before the reopen of the Ottoman Par...

  18. Religious Released Time Education: The Overlooked Open Door in Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ericsson, Samuel E.; And Others

    This paper presents arguments in favor of, and legal and constitutional guidelines for, religious released time education programs as a workable counterbalance for those concerned with the trend toward secularism in public education. The guidelines are necessarily general, because laws regarding the authority of school districts to adopt released…

  19. Opening the Door: A First Look at the OCLC WorldCat Metadata API

    OpenAIRE

    Terry Reese

    2014-01-01

    Libraries have long relied on OCLC’s WorldCat database as a way to cooperatively share bibliographic data and declare library holdings to support interlibrary loan services. As curator, OCLC has traditionally mediated all interactions with the WorldCat database through their various cataloging clients to control access to the information. As more and more libraries look for new ways to interact with their data and streamline metadata operations and workflows, these clients have become bottl...

  20. A Reggio-Inspired Music Atelier: Opening the Door between Visual Arts and Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Wendell

    2014-01-01

    The Reggio Emilia approach is based on the idea that every child has at least, "one hundred languages" available for expressing perspectives of the world, and one of those languages is music. While all of the arts (visual, music, dance, drama) are considered equally important in Reggio schools, the visual arts have been particularly…

  1. Opening the stable door: new initiatives at the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally MacDonald

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available The Petrie Museum ut UCL contains u world-class collection of Egyptian objects that ranges chronologically from early prehistoric to Islamic times, but it is inadequately housed and remains little known outside Egyptology. It has now been designated us of national importance and its stuff have ambitious plans to provide greater access, via the Internet and in other ways, to the 80000 objects it contains.

  2. NTCP and Beyond: Opening the Door to Unveil Hepatitis B Virus Entry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Watashi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection, affecting approximately 240 million people worldwide, is a major public health problem that elevates the risk of developing liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Given that current anti-HBV drugs are limited to interferon-based regimens and nucleos(tide analogs, the development of new anti-HBV agents is urgently needed. The viral entry process is generally an attractive target implicated in antiviral strategies. Using primary cells from humans and Tupaia belangeri, as well as HepaRG cells, important determinants of viral entry have been achieved. Recently, sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP was identified as an HBV entry receptor and enabled the establishment of a susceptible cell line that can efficiently support HBV infection. This finding will allow a deeper understanding of the requirements for efficient HBV infection, including the elucidation of the molecular entry mechanism. In addition, pharmacological studies suggest that NTCP is able to serve as a therapeutic target. This article summarizes our current knowledge on the mechanisms of HBV entry and the role of NTCP in this process.

  3. Open Door for China's Auto——The 1st China Auto National Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China Auto International Exhibition Tour was held for the first time as early as 1995,as an important pioneering undertaking.In fact,the first session of the tour was more appropriate to be called "National Exhibition Tour",as the tour team only traveled within China's borders.28 cars and motorcycles from China's four maior manufacturing groups took 20 days to travel around half of China.

  4. After the Doors Opened: Asking "Why" at a New Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evenbeck, Scott; Merians, Linda E.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes some of the major principles, practices, and processes involved in designing and founding a new community college dedicated to improving student outcomes by doing things differently.

  5. Open doors: Library cross-sector co-operation in Bristol, UK

    OpenAIRE

    Chelin, J.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose\\ud \\ud – This paper outlines the aims, activities and outcomes of a project to pilot a reciprocal borrowing scheme between public and academic libraries using existing cards, i.e. public library cards in the academic library and university ID cards in the public libraries. \\ud \\ud Design/methodology/approach\\ud \\ud – This is a case study providing practical information about the establishment and promotion of the service, and recounting the feedback from surveys of participants, prosp...

  6. Australia's Migrants and Refugees: Opening the Door to Lifelong Learning. How Adults Learn a New Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allender, Susan Chou

    A report examines the situation of adult education for immigrants and refugees in Australia. The first section situates the nation's immigration program within national economic development. The second section outlines the development of policy and programs relating to language and literacy education for migrants and refugees, and describes how…

  7. Hand sanitizer-dispensing door handles increase hand hygiene compliance: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babiarz, Lukasz S; Savoie, Brent; McGuire, Mark; McConnell, Lauren; Nagy, Paul

    2014-04-01

    Improving rates of hand hygiene compliance (HHC) has been shown to reduce nosocomial disease. We compared the HHC for a traditional wall-mounted unit and a novel sanitizer-dispensing door handle device in a hospital inpatient ultrasound area. HHC increased 24.5%-77.1% (P sanitizer-dispensing door handle, whereas it remained unchanged for the other rooms. Technical improvements like a sanitizer-dispensing door handle can improve hospital HHC.

  8. Container lid gasket protective strip for double door transfer system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Jr., Burgess M

    2013-02-19

    An apparatus and a process for forming a protective barrier seal along a "ring of concern" of a transfer container used with double door systems is provided. A protective substrate is supplied between a "ring of concern" and a safety cover in which an adhesive layer of the substrate engages the "ring of concern". A compressive foam strip along an opposite side of the substrate engages a safety cover such that a compressive force is maintained between the "ring of concern" and the adhesive layer of the substrate.

  9. Open data for citizens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Götzen, Amalia De; Morelli, Nicola

    2016-01-01

    A large quantity of open data is now available to institutions, business and citizens. The potential of such new resource, though, has not been explored yet, also because of a lack of perspectives and scenarios on how open data can be used. The workshop aims at broadening the perspectives...... on the use of open data by investigating new scenarios for a wide use of open data, where citizens without any IT skills can be involved in a co-design session with the relevant stakeholders....

  10. Balancing Open Access with Academic Standards: Implications for Community College Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbard, Anita; Mupinga, Davison M.

    2013-01-01

    Community colleges act as the gateway for students to higher education. Many of these colleges realize this mission through open-door policies where students lacking in basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills can enroll. But, this open-access policy often creates challenges when meeting academic standards. Based on data collected from…

  11. Balancing Open Access with Academic Standards: Implications for Community College Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbard, Anita; Mupinga, Davison M.

    2013-01-01

    Community colleges act as the gateway for students to higher education. Many of these colleges realize this mission through open-door policies where students lacking in basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills can enroll. But, this open-access policy often creates challenges when meeting academic standards. Based on data collected from…

  12. Efetividade de um protocolo assistencial para redução do tempo porta-balão da angioplastia primária Effectiveness of a myocardial infarction protocol in reducing door-to-ballon time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Tempo porta-balão adequado (BACKGROUND: An adequate door-to-balloon time (<120 minutes is the necessary condition for the efficacy of primary angioplasty in infarction to translate into effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness of a quality of care protocol in reducing the door-to-balloon time. METHODS: Between May 2010 and August 2012, all individuals undergoing primary angioplasty in our hospital were analyzed. The door time was electronically recorded at the moment the patient took a number to be evaluated in the emergency room, which occurred prior to filling the check-in forms and to the triage. The balloon time was defined as the beginning of artery opening (introduction of the first device. The first 5 months of monitoring corresponded to the period of pre-implementation of the protocol. The protocol comprised the definition of a flowchart of actions from patient arrival at the hospital, the team's awareness raising in relation to the prioritization of time, and provision of a periodic feedback on the results and possible inadequacies. RESULTS: A total of 50 individuals were assessed. They were divided into five groups of 10 sequential patients (one group pre- and four groups post-protocol. The door-to-balloon time regarding the 10 cases recorded before protocol implementation was 200 ± 77 minutes. After protocol implementation, there was a progressive reduction of the door-to-balloon time to 142±78 minutes in the first 10 patients, then to 150±50 minutes, 131±37 minutes and, finally, 116±29 minutes in the three sequential groups of 10 patients, respectively. Linear regression between sequential patients and the door-to-balloon time (r = - 0.41 showed a regression coefficient of - 1.74 minutes. CONCLUSION: The protocol implementation proved effective in the reduction of the door-to-balloon time.

  13. Door to Door Survey and Community Participation to Implement a New County Mosquito Control Program in Wayne County, North Carolina, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Kelley

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Community involvement in mosquito management programs provides more sustainable and effective organization and service. A door to door survey in Wayne County, NC carried out by student volunteers, resulted in 60 household responses. Residents had not previously experienced outreach from the county (88%, and 95% of them thought the student door to door survey was an effective form of outreach. One third of the residents thought mosquitoes were severe where they lived, but only 9% thought they had any containers in their yard that might breed mosquitoes. Only 15% of the residents were concerned about mosquito borne diseases. These responses provide evidence that outreach and education on mosquito control and diseases were necessary steps for future mosquito control community planning.

  14. The prevalence and clinical features of restless legs syndrome: a door to door population study in Orhangazi, Bursa in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erer, Sevda; Karli, Necdet; Zarifoglu, Mehmet; Ozcakir, Alis; Yildiz, Demet

    2009-01-01

    Restless leg syndrome (RLS) has negative effects on the quality of life of the patients. Epidemiological studies on RLS are limited. To determine the prevalence of RLS among people aged 40 years and above in Orhangazi district of Bursa, Turkey. The study was carried out between 2004 and 2005. This population-based study was conducted in two phases. In the phase 1, residents conducted door-to-door interviews using a short questionnaire to determine the possible cases of RLS. In the phase 2, physicians ascertained the suspected cases of RLS. Diagnosis of RLS was made using the criteria proposed by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) and also the rating scale for RLS. Out of 1, 256 subjects screened in phase 1, 1,124 (89.6%) were included in the study. Also, 161 cases with suspected symptoms of RLS were detected in phase 1, 49 of the suspected cases could not be evaluated in phase 2. A diagnosis of RLS was also made in 60 cases during phase 2. We defined the prevalence of RLS as 9.71% among 40 years of age and older population. The prevalence of RLS did not differ by age and was 2.6 times more in women. None of the patients were diagnosed as RLS sought medical care for the symptoms, possibly due to lack of knowledge of patients and physicians about RLS. Prevalence studies help to provide knowledge on morbidity, which is essential for diagnosis and early treatment.

  15. 49 CFR 229.85 - Doors and cover plates marked “Danger”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... System § 229.85 Doors and cover plates marked “Danger”. All doors and cover plates guarding high voltage equipment shall be marked “Danger—High Voltage” or with the word “Danger” and the normal voltage carried...

  16. 77 FR 42016 - Product Change-Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Change--Every Door Direct Mail--Retail AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal... Door Direct Mail--Retail to the market-dominant product list within the Mail Classification Schedule... Direct Mail--Retail to the Mail Classification Schedule, pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642. Documents...

  17. Reducing door to needle time for stroke thrombolysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Sumanjit

    2014-01-01

    Better outcomes are obtained with stroke thrombolysis the more rapidly it is given, both in terms of the patient's level of functional ability and also mortality. Current UK performance targets (outside London) aim for a time of 45 minutes or less. Thrombolysis pathways involve multidisciplinary working across departmental boundaries as well as senior level decision making. Our system used telemedicine out of hours adding additional complexity to the pathway. The initial planning stages started by auditing current practice and mapping the existing pathway. The figures for door to needle times were held on a database on the stroke unit and collected in detail for the purposes of national reporting. The pathway was mapped by combining personal experience of working within the stroke service with the experiences of the general medical registrars who worked the system out of hours. The initial action was to present this information throughout the hospital at departmental meetings. Opinions were canvassed at these meetings on where the biggest barriers were within the pathway and how we could address them. An awareness campaign was held by advertising over the intranet. An intervention comprising the following elements was introduced over the period of a year: introduction of an ambulance pre-alert, revision of the existing pathway, and education to all those involved in thrombolysis. The cases where particularly long delays were noted were audited in more depth to identify barriers to flow through the system. This was reported in ward meetings for staff to contribute experience and to offer solutions. We went to commissioning group meetings to gain the support of the local ambulance service, and talked to A&E seniors about the project and the ways in which they could help. Median times were calculated from a stroke database. There was a fall in median door to needle time of 65.5 to 49 minutes over a period of 18 months. A complex intervention to improve door to needle

  18. Simulation of the noise transmission through automotive door seals

    CERN Document Server

    Hazir, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Andreas Hazir is investigating the door seal contribution to the interior noise level of production vehicles. These investigations contain experimental contribution analyses of real production vehicles and of academic test cases as well as the development of a simulation methodology for noise transmission through sealing systems and side windows. The simulations are realized by coupling transient computational aeroacoustics of the exterior flow to nonlinear finite element simulations of the structural transmission. By introducing a linear transmission model, the setup and computational costs of the seal noise transmission are significantly reduced, resulting in the feasibility of numerical contribution analyses of real production vehicles. Contents Contribution Analyses of Production Vehicles Acoustic Excitation versus Aeroacoustic Excitation Development of a Simulation Methodology Sensitivity Analysis of Noise Transmission Simulations Target Groups Researchers and students in the field of automotive engineer...

  19. Windows to the world, doors to the space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogler, A.; Jørgensen, Jesper

    2005-01-01

    functionality with mental representation and symbolic meaning. Space-connection interfaces such as doors and windows act as “sensory organs” of a building. They allow inside-out communication, but also allow the user to control the flow of light and air, which in a direct or indirect way are communication......Living in a confined environment with minimal external stimuli available, such as a space habitat, is a strain on normal human life and puts great pressure on groups and individuals. Designers working on a space habitat not only must work on its functional role, but also must integrate...... mediums. In this paper the authors advocate a closer connection among architecture, anthropology and psychology in designing space habitats as part of a new concept of environmental design strategy in space architecture....

  20. Bluetooth enables in-door mobile location services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thongthammachart, Saowanee; Olesen, Henning

    2003-01-01

    Several technologies can be applied to enable mobile location services, but most of them suffer from limited accuracy and availability. GPS can solve the problem of determining the location of users in most outdoor situations, but an end-user position inside a building cannot be pinpointed. Other...... mobile location techniques can also provide the user's position, but the accuracy is rather low. In order to improve the accuracy and make location-based services really attractive, existing approaches must be supplemented by new technologies. Wireless short-range technologies like Bluetooth could...... be candidates for solving these problems. This paper shows that Bluetooth can act as a key enabler of mobile location services in an in-door environment. The advantage of Bluetooth technology is, that it can provide rather precise location data inside a building or hotspot area, while the Bluetooth terminal...

  1. Telling About Southern Fluctuations: Elizabeth Spencer at the Back Door

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérald PRÉHER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Le troisième roman d’Elizabeth Spencer, The Voice at the Back Door (1956, appartient à son cycle du Mississippi. Il traite des relations raciales et de la violence sudiste, deux thèmes qui n’avaient pas bonne presse à cette époque puisque le mouvement pour les droits civiques débutait. Le roman rappelle L’intrus (1948 de Faulkner en ce qu’il met en scène la recherche du coupable du meurtre d’un homme blanc. Cet article analyse la façon dont Spencer dépeint les manières du Sud en s’interrogeant sur les relations raciales. Le roman est également lu dans le contexte de sa publication puisque Spencer fut perçue comme une traîtresse par les Sudistes. Spencer utilise des sujets impopulaires pour révéler le paradoxe au cœur de la manière de vivre sudiste et montre combien le passé se rejoue constamment dans le présent.Elizabeth Spencer’s third novel, The Voice at the Back Door (1956, is part of her Mississippi cycle. It deals with race relations and southern violence, two highly controversial issues at the time since the Civil Rights Movements were beginning. The novel, reminiscent of William Faulkner’s Intruder in the Dust (1948, stages the search for a culprit after the murder of a white man. This paper focuses on Spencer’s portrait of southern manners and interracial relationships and analyzes the novel in the context of its publication. It will show that Spencer uses unpopular topics to expose the paradox at the core of the southern way of life and show that the past is constantly reenacted in the present.

  2. Open access

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburg, P.M.

    2015-01-01

    Open access week Van 19 tot en met 25 oktober 2015 vond wereldwijd de Open Access Week plaats. Tijdens deze week werden er over de hele wereld evenementen georganiseerd waar open access een rol speelt. Ook in Nederland zijn er diverse symposia, workshops en debatten georganiseerd zoals het debat in

  3. Opening Talk: Opening Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doebner, H.-D.

    2008-02-01

    ) with 170 participants and 89 contributions in the proceedings; it was centred on the foundations and extensions of quantum theory, on quantisation methods and on q-algebras. In QTS2-2001 in Cracow (Poland) with 175 participants and 81 contributions; the main topics were applications of quantum mechanics, representations of algebras and group theoretical techniques in physics. In the symposium QTS3-2003 in Cincinnati (USA) with 145 participants and 92 contributions, quantum field theory, loop quantum gravity, string and brane theory was discussed. The focus in QTS4-2005 in Varna (Bulgaria) with 228 participant and 105 contributions, was on conformal field theory, quantum gravity, noncommutative geometry and quantum groups. Three proceedings volumes were published with World Scientific and one volume with Heron Press. The promising and interesting programme for QTS5-2007 in Valladolid (Spain) attracted more than 200 participants; the contributions will be published in a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical and a volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. This shows the wide scope of symmetry in connection with quantum physics and related sciences. In the background of the symposia series is the Conference Board with presently 13 members. The Board encourages scientists and Institutions to present detailed proposals for a QTS symposium; it agrees to one proposal and is prepared to assist in matters of organisation; the local organisers are responsible for the scientific programme and for the organisation, including the budget. The Board decided that the next symposium QTS6 will be held 2009 at the University of Kentucky in Lexington (USA); Alan Shapere is the chairman of the Local Organizing committee. In the name of all of you I express my appreciation and my thanks to the members of the Local Organizing Committee of QTS5, especially to Mariano del Olmo. The programme is outstanding; it covers recent and new developments in our field

  4. Door-to-door survey of major neurological disorders (project in Al Quseir City, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Tallawy HN

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Hamdy NA El Tallawy,1 Wafaa MA Farghaly,1 Tarek A Rageh,1 Ghaydaa A Shehata,1 Reda Badry,1 Nabil A Metwally,2 Esam A El Moselhy,2 Mahmoud Hassan,2 Mohamed A Sayed,3 Ahmed A Waris,1 Yaser Hamed,2 Islam Shaaban,2 Mohamed A Hamed,1 Mahmoud Raafat Kandil11Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt; 2Department of Neurology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University (Assiut branch, Assiut, Egypt; 3Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, EgyptAbstract: A door-to-door survey, including every household, was conducted for all inhabitants of Al Quseir City (33,283, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt by three specialists of neurology as well as nine senior staff members of neurology and 15 female social workers to assess the epidemiology of major neurological disorders. Over six phases, from July 1, 2009 to January 31, 2012, screening of all eligible people in the population was carried out, by which case ascertainment of all major neurological disorders included in the study was done according to the accepted definitions and diagnostic criteria of the World Health Organization. The order of frequency of prevalence of the studied neurological disorders was dementia (3.83% for those aged > 60 years, migraine (2.8% for those aged > 8 years, stroke (6.2/1000 for those aged > 20 years, epilepsy (5.5/1000, Parkinson’s disease (452.1/100,000 for those aged > 40 years, cerebral palsy (3.6/1000 among children 37 years, chorea (21.03/100,000, athetosis (15/100,000, and multiple sclerosis (13.74/100,000. The incidence rates of stroke, epilepsy, and Bell’s palsy were 181/100,000, 48/100,000, and 98.9/100,000 per year, respectively.Keywords: prevalence, incidence, neurological disorders

  5. Prevalence of epilepsy, beliefs and attitudes in a rural community in Mexico: A door-to-door survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San-Juan, Daniel; Alvarado-León, Susana; Barraza-Díaz, Jorge; Davila-Avila, Ned Merari; Ruíz, Axel Hernandez; Anschel, David J

    2015-05-01

    The study aimed to establish the prevalence of seizure history (SH) and epilepsy in a rural community in Hidalgo, Mexico and determine the patients' beliefs and attitudes towards the disease and its initial medical treatment. A transverse, descriptive, door-to-door epidemiological study (April 2011-November 2012) was conducted with 863 inhabitants from Xocotitla, Huejutla, Hidalgo, Mexico (162 housing units). Patients with SH were identified with an adaptation of the WHO protocol for epidemiological studies of neurological diseases. Afterwards, the subjects identified with seizure history (SH) or epilepsy were interviewed with a 20-question Likert type questionnaire regarding the management and belief set of their SH. The interviews were conducted in Spanish and Nahuatl. The prevalence of epilepsy and isolated nonrecurring seizures was 38.2/1000 and 25.4/1000, respectively. Out of the total population of 863 inhabitants, 33/863 were identified with SH: only 39.3% were able to identify an epileptic seizure as such, 48.5% sought medical attention upon the first seizure, 33.3% used a traditional healer, 15.2% took no action, 3% sought a religious representative, 85% lacked any lab analysis, and 60% received no antiepileptic drugs. Only 39% received free local medical attention, 69.7% considered seizures and epilepsy to be a consequence of divine intervention, and 94% reported some type of discrimination. A high prevalence of epilepsy and SH was found in this rural community in Mexico. Divine/religious beliefs, discrimination, scarce access to basic health services and inadequate medical management of epilepsy and SH persist. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. `Shut The Front Door!':. Obviating the Challenge of Large-Scale Extra Dimensions and Psychophysical Bridging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoroso, Richard L.

    2013-09-01

    Physics has been slowly and reluctantly beginning to address the role and fundamental basis of the `observer' which has until now also been considered metaphysical and beyond the mandate of empirical rigor. It is suggested that the fundamental premise of the currently dominant view of `Cognitive Theory' - "Mind Equals Brain" is erroneous; and the associated belief that the `Planck scale, `the so-called basement level of reality', as an appropriate arena from which to model psycho-physical bridging is also in error. In this paper we delineate a simple, inexpensive experimental design to `crack the so-called cosmic egg' thereby opening the door to largescale extra dimensions (LSXD) tantamount to the regime of the unified field and thus awareness. The methodology surmounts the quantum uncertainty principle in a manner violating Quantum Electrodynamics, (QED), a cornerstone of modern theoretical physics, by spectrographic analysis of newly theorized Tight-Bound State (TBS) Bohr orbits in `continuous-state' transition frequencies of atomic hydrogen. If one wonders why QED violation in the spectra of atomic hydrogen relates to solving the mind-body (observer) problem; consider this a 1st wrench in a forthcoming tool box of Unified Field Mechanics, UF that will soon enough in retrospect cause the current tools of Classical and Quantum Mechanics to appear as stone axes. Max Planck is credited as the founder of quantum mechanics with his 1900 quantum hypothesis that energy is radiated and absorbed discretely by the formulation, E = hv. Empirically implementing this next paradigm shift utilizing parameters of the long sought associated `new physics' of the 3rd regime (classicalquantum- unified) allows access to LSXD of space; thus pragmatically opening the domain of mental action for the 1st time in history. This rendering constitutes a massive paradigm shift to Unified Field Theory creating a challenge for both the writer and the reader!

  7. Discussion on Non-necessity for Electrical Monitoring of Normal-closed Fire Doors in Places without Intensive Personnel%非人员密集场所常闭防火门无需电气监控探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蔚; 冯晓良; 冯涛; 陈车; 蔡雄飞

    2016-01-01

    从防火门的相关概念与业内共识入手,通过对中国和美国多个与电气消防相关规范的剖析,并结合工程实例进行分析,本着“技术可靠性、经济合理性协调统一”的设计原则与理念,得出结论如下:对每个常开防火门必须实施电气监控,而对于常闭防火门仅需监控人员密集场所中因管理需要平时常闭的疏散门及具有信号反馈功能的防火门。对住宅、办公等非人员密集场所平时常闭的疏散防火门,无需电气监控。%This article starts with relevant concepts of fire door and industry consensus, and analyzes relevant specifications on electrical firefighting in China and the US, as well as actual projects. Holding the design principle of “coordination between technical reliability and economic rationality”, and combing the foresaid analyses, the author concludes that electrical monitoring should be implemented for each normal-open fire door; normal-closed fire doors that should be provided with electrical monitoring are evacuation doors that are normally closed due to management needs in personnel intensive places and doors that provides signal feedback function; there is no need for electrical monitoring for normal-closed fire doors in places like residential and office buildings without intensive personnel.

  8. A Field Survey of Window-Opening Behavior and Thermal Conditions in Apartments of Surabaya, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Arethusa, Meita Tristida; Kubota, Tetsu; Nugroho, Agung Murti; Antaryama, I Gusti Ngurah; Ekasiwi, Sri Nastiti; Uno, Tomoko

    2014-01-01

    A field survey was conducted in apartments of Surabaya, Indonesia to investigate occupants’ window-opening behavior and their thermal conditions. A total of 347 households were interviewed and about 30 houses were covered for measurements of thermal conditions. It was seen that occupants in the naturally ventilated apartments tend to open windows or doors as much as possible at least during daytime for satisfying air flow and ventilation in particular. The average duration of opening windows/...

  9. Open Day at the World Trade Organization

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    On Sunday 6 September, the World Trade Organization will open its doors to the public. Throughout the day there will be guided tours of the building, which will reveal the many works of art donated by countries over the years; on the main terrace, food stands will give visitors a flavour of the worldwide membership of the WTO and provide the opportunity to sample regional specialities; and children can have fun with face painting, a bouncy castle and a drawing contest on the theme "Draw me globalization" and/or "Draw me the WTO". The full programme of activities

  10. Open hardware for open science

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Inspired by the open source software movement, the Open Hardware Repository was created to enable hardware developers to share the results of their R&D activities. The recently published CERN Open Hardware Licence offers the legal framework to support this knowledge and technology exchange.   Two years ago, a group of electronics designers led by Javier Serrano, a CERN engineer, working in experimental physics laboratories created the Open Hardware Repository (OHR). This project was initiated in order to facilitate the exchange of hardware designs across the community in line with the ideals of “open science”. The main objectives include avoiding duplication of effort by sharing results across different teams that might be working on the same need. “For hardware developers, the advantages of open hardware are numerous. For example, it is a great learning tool for technologies some developers would not otherwise master, and it avoids unnecessary work if someone ha...

  11. Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  12. Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  13. Platform Screen Doors Enhanced Bus Rapid Transit Intelligent Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chonghua Zhou

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available It is the last straw to clutch at to solve the urban traffic issue, to develop high-capacity rapid transit and promote transit priority. Characterized by low cost, short construction cycle and flexible development, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT has been favored by more and more cities in the world. The Platform Screen Doors (PSDs system is an important component at BRT stations, and it is original motive to be designed to satisfy the growing demand from BRT application to provide increased safety and comfort in the first. With the continual increased demand for BRT intelligent performance, the PSDs system is applied to get Bus Location Information with accurate position of arrival and departure at stop, to provide Real-Time Information (RTI for BRT passengers using PSDs/GPS compound location technology, to put into practice Bus Fleet Management (BFM. Considering the capability of accurate location, it can be applied to actualize Bus Sign Priority in the future. The authors are luck to take in part the practice of BRT system, especially in the BRT intelligent systems, the papers will introduce upwards application and conceive in detail.

  14. Wide and High Additive Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Post, Brian K. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Roschli, Alex C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-03-01

    The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate the enabling technologies for Wide and High Additive Manufacturing (WHAM). WHAM will open up new areas of U.S. manufacturing for very large tooling in support of the transportation and energy industries, significantly reducing cost and lead time. As with Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM), the initial focus is on the deposition of composite materials.

  15. The Vaccination of 35,000 Dogs in 20 Working Days Using Combined Static Point and Door-to-Door Methods in Blantyre, Malawi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew D Gibson

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available An estimated 60,000 people die of rabies annually. The vast majority of cases of human rabies develop following a bite from an infected dog. Rabies can be controlled in both human and canine populations through widespread vaccination of dogs. Rabies is particularly problematic in Malawi, costing the country an estimated 13 million USD and 484 human deaths annually, with an increasing paediatric incidence in Blantyre City. Consequently, the aim of this study was to vaccinate a minimum of 75% of all the dogs within Blantyre city during a one month period. Blantyre's 25 administrative wards were divided into 204 working zones. For initial planning, a mean human:dog ratio from the literature enabled estimation of dog population size and dog surveys were then performed in 29 working zones in order to assess dog distribution by land type. Vaccination was conducted at static point stations at weekends, at a total of 44 sites, with each operating for an average of 1.3 days. On Monday to Wednesday, door-to-door vaccination sessions were undertaken in the areas surrounding the preceding static point stations. 23,442 dogs were vaccinated at static point stations and 11,774 dogs were vaccinated during door-to-door vaccinations. At the end of the 20 day vaccination programme, an assessment of vaccination coverage through door-to-door surveys found that of 10,919 dogs observed, 8,661 were vaccinated resulting in a vaccination coverage of 79.3% (95%CI 78.6-80.1%. The estimated human:dog ratio for Blantyre city was 18.1:1. Mobile technology facilitated the collection of data as well as efficient direction and coordination of vaccination teams in near real time. This study demonstrates the feasibility of vaccinating large numbers of dogs at a high vaccination coverage, over a short time period in a large African city.

  16. Registratie van voedselinfecties en -vergiftigingen onderzocht door GGD's en Keuringsdiensten van waren, 1999

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Duynhoven YTHP; de Wit MAS; CIE

    2000-01-01

    In deze rapportage worden de gegevens gepresenteerd van voedselinfecties en voedselvergiftigingen in Nederland in 1999. De resultaten zijn gebaseerd op meldingen door consumenten aan de Keuringsdienst van Waren, op standaard rapportages van onderzochte explosies van voedselinfecties en -vergiftigin

  17. Kwaliteitsverbetering binnen het laboratorium door middel van de GLP regels en kwaliteitsborging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strik; J.J.T.W.A.

    1987-01-01

    Het besef groeit dat waarborging van kwaliteit de centrale doelstelling dient te zijn bij de produktie van goederen en diensten. Dit leidt ertoe dat de kwaliteitsbewaking wordt omgebogen naar procesbeheersing. Dit wordt binnen het gezondheidsonderzoek en milieuhygiene begeleid door richtlijnen,

  18. An intelligent automated door control system based on a smart camera

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yang, Jie-Ci; Lai, Chin-Lun; Sheu, Hsin-Teng; Chen, Jiann-Jone

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents an innovative access control system, based on human detection and path analysis, to reduce false automatic door system actions while increasing the added values for security applications...

  19. Methaanuitstoot spiegel van rantsoen : lager eiwitgehalte in gras door huidig mestbeleid geeft meer methaanuitstoot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bannink, A.; Dijkstra, J.

    2012-01-01

    De uitstoot van methaangas door een koe is een afspiegeling van haar voedselvertering. Wageningen UR onderzoekt het effect van rantsoenaanpassingen. Het levert een aantal concrete handvatten voor het terugdringen van de methaanuitstoot.

  20. Methaanuitstoot spiegel van rantsoen : lager eiwitgehalte in gras door huidig mestbeleid geeft meer methaanuitstoot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bannink, A.; Dijkstra, J.

    2012-01-01

    De uitstoot van methaangas door een koe is een afspiegeling van haar voedselvertering. Wageningen UR onderzoekt het effect van rantsoenaanpassingen. Het levert een aantal concrete handvatten voor het terugdringen van de methaanuitstoot.

  1. Beter Leren van Hypertext door Aandachtsturing binnen Grafische Overzichten - een Eye Tracking Onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezdan, Eniko; Kester, Liesbeth; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Bezdan, E., Kester, L., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, 9 Juni). Beter Leren van Hypertext door Aandachtsturing binnen Grafische Overzichten - een Eye Tracking Onderzoek. Poster gepresenteerd tijdens de Onderwijs Research Dagen, Maastricht, Nederland.

  2. A Review on Quantitative Approaches for Dock Door Assignment in Cross-Docking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adibah Shuib

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cross docking is a relatively new technique in supply chain operations. It offers limited storage time to maximize the efficiency of goods transshipment. Efficient operation of a cross docking system requires an appropriate coordination of inbound and outbound flows, accurate planning and dynamic scheduling.  The planning strategies at cross docking terminals, which are receiving growing attention today, are the truck-to-door assignment and destination to door assignment problems. This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of quantitative approaches in dock door assignment problems of cross docking planning. The contributions of this paper are to identify the gap of knowledge in operational levels mainly in dock door assignment and to point out the future research direction in cross docking.

  3. Development of Experimental Device for Compression Load Deflection of Car Door Seals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建才; 朱训生; 万德安

    2003-01-01

    A new experimental device has been developed for analyzing compression load deflection of the door seal by using stereovision theory. Precision instruments of optical grating and force sensor are also integrated in this device. Force-displacement response characteristics of compression at varied speed can be controlled. Solid foundations for characteristic and structure as well as optimization design of the car door seal are elucidated.

  4. A New Way of Measuring Openness: The Open Governance Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liz Laffan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Open source software is now "business as usual" in the mobile industry. While much attention is given to the importance of open source licenses, we argue in this article that the governance model can be as necessary to a project’s success and that projects vary widely in the governance models – whether open or closed – that they employ. Open source governance models describe the control points that are used to influence open source projects with regard to access to the source code, how the source code is developed, how derivatives are created, and the community structure of the project. Governance determines who has control over the project beyond what is deemed legally necessary via the open source licenses for that project. The purpose of our research is to define and measure the governance of open source projects, in other words, the extent to which decision-making in an open source project is "open" or "closed". We analyzed eight open source projects using 13 specific governance criteria across four areas of governance: access, development, derivatives and community. Our findings suggest that the most open platforms will be most successful in the long term, however we acknowledge exceptions to this rule. We also identify best practices that are common across these open source projects with regard to source code access, development of source code, management of derivatives, and community structure. These best practices increase the likelihood of developer use of and involvement in open source projects.

  5. Open Source and Open Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Publication reference: Koper, R. (2008). Open Source and Open Standards. In J. M. Spector, M. Merrill, J. van Merriënboer & M. P. Driscol (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology (3rd ed., pp. 355-368). New York: Routledge.

  6. How does the effort spent to hold a door affect verbal thanks and reciprocal help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Ryan Fox

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available When someone holds a door for us we often respond with a verbal ``thanks.'' But given such a trivial favor, our feelings can vary considerably depending on how the door is held. Studies have shown that verbal thanking increases in relation to door-holding effort. However, it is unclear how such a favor can lead to verbal thanks in addition to reciprocal help. We examined how holding a door in an effortful or non-effortful manner relates to verbal thanking and reciprocal helping. We measured: (1 whether participants verbally thanked the experimenter, (2 whether they agreed to help another person by taking a survey, and (3 whether they helped pick up objects (pens that the door-holder subsequently dropped. Participants in the effortful condition were more likely to offer verbal thanks, to help pick up the pens, and to walk a greater distance to pick them up. Participants who thanked the door-holder, however, were not more likely to provide help.

  7. How Does the Effort Spent to Hold a Door Affect Verbal Thanks and Reciprocal Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Glenn R.; Araujo, Helder Filipe; Metke, Michael J.; Shafer, Chris; Damasio, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    When someone holds a door for us we often respond with a verbal “thanks.” But given such a trivial favor, our feelings can vary considerably depending on how the door is held. Studies have shown that verbal thanking increases in relation to door-holding effort. However, it is unclear how such a favor can lead to verbal thanks in addition to reciprocal help. We examined how holding a door in an effortful or non-effortful manner relates to verbal thanking and reciprocal helping. We measured: (1) whether participants verbally thanked the experimenter, (2) whether they agreed to help another person by taking a survey, and (3) whether they helped pick up objects (pens) that the door-holder subsequently dropped. Participants in the effortful condition were more likely to offer verbal thanks, to help pick up the pens, and to walk a greater distance to pick them up. Participants who thanked the door-holder, however, were not more likely to provide help. PMID:26617559

  8. Wide HI profile galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Brosch, Noah; Zitrin, Adi

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the nature of objects in a complete sample of 28 galaxies selected from the first sky area fully covered by ALFALFA, being well-detected and having HI profiles wider than 550 km/s. The selection does not use brightness, morphology, or any other property derived from optical or other spectral bands. We investigate the degree of isolation, the morphology, and other properties gathered or derived from open data bases and show that some objects have wide HI profiles probably because they are disturbed or are interacting, or might be confused in the ALFALFA beam. We identify a sub-sample of 14 galaxies lacking immediate interacting neighbours and showing regular, symmetric, two-horned HI profiles that we propose as candidate high-mass disk systems (CHMDs). We measure the net-Halpha emission from the CHMDs and combine this with public multispectral data to model the global star formation (SF) properties of each galaxy. The Halpha observations show SFRs not higher than a few solar masses per year. Sim...

  9. Open Source Telecommunication Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Liu

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about companies whose core business is selling telecommunications products that lever open source projects. Open source telecommunications (OST companies operate in markets that are very different from typical software product markets. The telecommunications market is regulated, vertically integrated, and proprietary designs and special chips are widely used. For a telecommunications product to be useful, it must interact with both access network products and core network products. Due to specifications in Service Agreements Levels, penalties for failures of telecommunications products are very high. This article shares information that is not widely known, including a list of OST companies and the open source projects on which they depend, the size and diversity of venture capital investment in OST companies, the nature of the commercial product-open source software and company-project relationships, ways in which OST companies make money, benefits and risks of OST companies, and competition between OST companies. Analysis of this information provides insights into the ways in which companies can build business models around open source software. These findings will be of interest to entrepreneurs, top management teams of incumbent companies that sell telecommunications products, and those who care about Ontario's ability to compete globally.

  10. Open IS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Germonprez, Matt; Crowston, Kevin; Avital, Michel

    2013-01-01

    The collective intelligence and collective action of “open” communities have produced a variety of complex knowledge goods and radical social change. The Information Systems (IS) community has invested significant effort into researching open communities and the ecosystems in which they operate...... therefore seeks to stimulate a thoughtful and dynamic discussion around the proposition that becoming a more open community will enhance the IS discipline’s scholarly inquiry and global impact....

  11. Open IS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Germonprez, Matt; Crowston, Kevin; Avital, Michel

    2013-01-01

    The collective intelligence and collective action of “open” communities have produced a variety of complex knowledge goods and radical social change. The Information Systems (IS) community has invested significant effort into researching open communities and the ecosystems in which they operate...... therefore seeks to stimulate a thoughtful and dynamic discussion around the proposition that becoming a more open community will enhance the IS discipline’s scholarly inquiry and global impact....

  12. Opening van vier nieuwe laboratoria van de Afdeling der Werktuigbouwkunde van de Technische Hogeschool Delft

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boon, E.F.; Boot, J.; Vahl, L.; Van Eldik Thieme, H.C.A.; Blok, H.

    1959-01-01

    Samenvatting van de toespraak door Prof.ir, R. van Hasselt bij de officiele opening van vier nieuwe laboratoriavan de Afdeling der Werktuigbouwkunde Boon, E.F. en Boot, J.: het Laboratorium voor Chemische Werktuigen Vahl, L.: het Laboratorium voor Koudetechniek Van Eldik Thieme, H.C.A.: het

  13. A transpersonal approach to care: a qualitative study of performers' experiences with DooR to DooR, a hospital-based arts program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurdle, Caitlin E; Quinlan, Margaret M

    2014-06-01

    The arts have a history of relaxing and calming patients in the hospital setting, yet research is limited on how arts may aid in the healing process. DooR to DooR was established to bring comfort, respite, and healing to hospitalized patients, family members, and health care staff. DooR to DooR is located in the University of North Carolina Hospitals at Chapel Hill, North Carolina; professional performing artists visit there, spending 5 to 10 minutes with each patient, family member, and health care staff. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand performers' experiences and of how arts-based programs can facilitate improved patient outcomes in the hospitalized setting to help nurses better use the arts in their care of patients and families. Three overarching themes were identified: (a) the arts are therapeutic for all involved, (b) the arts transform the hospital environment, and (c) nurses and the other medical staff play an important role. The significance of this study for nursing practice is that the arts are a plausible intervention for the hospital because they may help improve patient outcomes by reducing pain and depression and by relieving stress among staff and family members. More research is needed to determine the level of arts-as-an-intervention knowledge among nurses.

  14. Open access

    CERN Document Server

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue. In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn't, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispe...

  15. The 2015 Bioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomi L Harris

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The Bioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC is organized by the Open Bioinformatics Foundation (OBF, a nonprofit group dedicated to promoting the practice and philosophy of open source software development and open science within the biological research community. Since its inception in 2000, BOSC has provided bioinformatics developers with a forum for communicating the results of their latest efforts to the wider research community. BOSC offers a focused environment for developers and users to interact and share ideas about standards; software development practices; practical techniques for solving bioinformatics problems; and approaches that promote open science and sharing of data, results, and software. BOSC is run as a two-day special interest group (SIG before the annual Intelligent Systems in Molecular Biology (ISMB conference. BOSC 2015 took place in Dublin, Ireland, and was attended by over 125 people, about half of whom were first-time attendees. Session topics included "Data Science;" "Standards and Interoperability;" "Open Science and Reproducibility;" "Translational Bioinformatics;" "Visualization;" and "Bioinformatics Open Source Project Updates". In addition to two keynote talks and dozens of shorter talks chosen from submitted abstracts, BOSC 2015 included a panel, titled "Open Source, Open Door: Increasing Diversity in the Bioinformatics Open Source Community," that provided an opportunity for open discussion about ways to increase the diversity of participants in BOSC in particular, and in open source bioinformatics in general. The complete program of BOSC 2015 is available online at http://www.open-bio.org/wiki/BOSC_2015_Schedule.

  16. Open Brief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Leach

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available To commence the thirtieth annual conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand (SAHANZ, held on Australia’s Gold Coast in July 2013, ten delegates were invited with very little warning to take five minutes and one image to offer a provocation on the open matters of architectural history in the present moment. The term “open” was taken as the conference theme—a device used by SAHANZ meetings not so much to define the scope of papers presented as to declare the conference flavour year by year. It was not, therefore, an open conference (anything goes so much as a conference on open issues (where, indeed, to go.  The ten interlocutors were invited after the conference to document their interventions and they are presented here as a record of the preoccupations of a specific moment and institutional geography with all the idiosyncrasies and commonalities it might reveal to a broader audience.

  17. Open Education and the Open Science Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2009-01-01

    Openness as a complex code word for a variety of digital trends and movements has emerged as an alternative mode of "social production" based on the growing and overlapping complexities of open source, open access, open archiving, open publishing, and open science. This paper argues that the openness movement with its reinforcing structure of…

  18. Influence of door handles design in effort perception: accessibility and usability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschoarelli, Luis Carlos; Santos, Raquel; Bruno, Paula

    2012-01-01

    The application of ergonomics in product design is essential to its accessibility and usability. The development of manual devices should be based on ergonomic principles. Effort perception analysis is an essential approach to understand the physical and subjective aspects of the interface. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effort perception during a simulated task with different door handles by Portuguese subjects of both genders and different ages. This transversal study agreed with ethical aspects. 180 subjects of both genders pertaining to three age groups have participated. Five door handles with different shapes were evaluated. A subjective numeric rating scale of 5 levels was used to evaluate the effort. For statistical analysis it was applied the Friedman non-parametric test. The results have showed no significant differences of effort perception in door handles "A" and "B"; "A" and "D"; and "D" and "C". Door handle "E" presented the lowest values of all. In general, there's an inverse relationship between the results of biomechanical studies and the effort perception of the same task activity. This shows that door handles design influence directly these two variables and can interfere in the accessibility and usability of these kinds of products.

  19. "Shut My Mouth Wide Open": Realistic Fiction and Social Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Cynthia A.

    1999-01-01

    Shares the responses of seven urban, male, African-American fifth graders to contemporary realistic fiction, discussing how the tying of this literature to the events in the boys' lives had the potential to move them toward social action. The paper examines the following: literature as a catalyst, reader responses to texts, critical literacy, and…

  20. Semiconductors: Still a Wide Open Frontier for Scientists/Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, David G.

    1997-10-01

    A 1995 Business Week article described several features of the explosive use of semiconductor chips today: ``Booming'' personal computer markets are driving high demand for microprocessors and memory chips; (2) New information superhighway markets will `ignite' sales of multimedia and communication chips; and (3) Demand for digital-signal-processing and data-compression chips, which speed up video and graphics, is `red hot.' A Washington Post article by Stan Hinden said that technology is creating an unstoppable demand for electronic elements. This ``digital pervasiveness'' means that a semiconductor chip is going into almost every high-tech product that people buy - cars, televisions, video recorders, telephones, radios, alarm clocks, coffee pots, etc. ``Semiconductors are everywhere.'' Silicon and compound semiconductors are absolutely essential and are pervasive enablers for DoD operations and systems. DoD's Critical Technologies Plan of 1991 says that ``Semiconductor materials and microelectronics are critically important and appropriately lead the list of critical defense technologies.'' These trends continue unabated. This talk describes some of the frontiers of semiconductors today and shows how scientists and engineers can effectively contribute to its advancement. Cooperative, multidisciplinary efforts are increasing. Specific examples will be given for scanning capacitance microscopy and thin-film metrology.

  1. "Shut My Mouth Wide Open": Realistic Fiction and Social Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Cynthia A.

    1999-01-01

    Shares the responses of seven urban, male, African-American fifth graders to contemporary realistic fiction, discussing how the tying of this literature to the events in the boys' lives had the potential to move them toward social action. The paper examines the following: literature as a catalyst, reader responses to texts, critical literacy, and…

  2. De Par en Par, 10 & 11. (Wide Open, 10 & 11.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Par en Par, 1997

    1997-01-01

    These two magazines, written entirely in Spanish, are designed for classroom use in the elementary grades. Number 10, focuses on ecology, discussing such topics as the greenhouse effect, endangered species, protecting the natural environment, tree planting, earthworms, natural waste, books on environmental subjects, saving the earth, and…

  3. Eyes Wide Open - Optimising Cosmological Surveys in a Crowded Market

    CERN Document Server

    Bassett, B A

    2004-01-01

    Optimising the major next-generation cosmological surveys (such as SNAP, KAOS etc...) is a key problem given our ignorance of the physics underlying cosmic acceleration and the plethora of surveys planned. We propose a Bayesian design framework which (1) maximises the discrimination power of a survey without assuming any underlying dark energy model, (2) finds the best niche survey geometry given current data and future competing experiments, (3) maximises the cross-section for serendipitous discoveries and (4) can be adapted to answer specific questions (such as `is dark energy dynamical?'). Integrated Parameter Space Optimisation (IPSO) is a design framework that integrates projected parameter errors over an entire dark energy parameter space and then extremises a figure of merit (such as Shannon entropy gain wich we show is stable to off-diagonal covariance matrix perturbations) as a function of survey parameters using analytical, grid or MCMC techniques. IPSO is thus a flexible, model-independent and scal...

  4. The Open

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saitya Brata Das

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Open darkness and light, remembrance and oblivion, coming into existence and disappearing in death play their originary co-belonging, or co-figuration. Existence belongs to this opening and is exposed to its coming to presence: it is on the basis of this originary opening, this originary historical which is revealed to this mortal being called ‘man,’ on the basis of this revelation, man founds something like politics and history. There thus comes into existence out of this freedom, out of this “play space”2, this field called ‘polis’3 where there takes place war and festival, where historical revolutions tear apart history, brings ruptures and discontinuities in the very mode of his existence, where man seeks the foundation of his own foundation (which is his metaphysical task , where occurs the dialectics of negativity between man and man, where man puts at stake his own death, his own dissolution, and by the power of his own dissolution stands in relation to the total world that he seeks to dominate. This means that man’s attempts to metaphysically found his own political and historical existence must presuppose a far more originary non-foundation, the differentiating revealing of the open, the ungrounded spacing play, or playing space of natality and mortality.

  5. Open innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    West, Joel; Bogers, Marcel

    2017-01-01

    by small, new, and not-for-profit organizations, as well as the linkage of individual actions and motivations to open innovation. Other opportunities include better measuring the costs, benefits, antecedents, mediators and moderators of the effects of OI on performance, and understanding why and how OI...

  6. Barriers to and enablers for European rail freight transport for integrated door-to-door logistics service. Part 2: Enablers for multimodal rail freight transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewan Md Zahurul ISLAM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to examine and identify barriers to and enablers for the European rail freight transport services as a transport chain partner along the supply chains in the changing market scenario. The changing market scenario includes, among others, requiring 'door-to-door' rather than 'terminal to terminal' and integrated service, competitive ability to attract non-rail cargo type, changes in the customer requirements (e.g. reliable service and changes in the operational requirements and practices. Using a literature review method, the paper is presented in two parts. The part 1 focuses on the identification of barriers to the European rail freight service by reviewing freight logistics services for global supply chains followed by the current performance of European rail freight transport followed by a discussion on the rail freight market liberalisation in Europe. Then rail freight transport in the Unites States (U.S. is discussed. The research notes that although the background, scope and necessity for reform measures in Europe differ from those of the U.S., some lessons can be learned and the main lesson is that an appropriate reform measure can enhance rail sector competitive ability in Europe. The part 2 of the paper is dedicated to recommend some concrete steps and actions as enablers to remove the barriers identified in the part 1 to develop multimodal rail freight transport. The enablers for multimodal rail freight transport include: •\tEuropean rail freight transport market needs full liberalisation so that incumbent and new entrants can compete freely. •\tThe rail operators need to acquire service (e.g. customer tailored services, door to door service quality offered by road freight operators. •\tThey need to conduct a combination of ‘terminal-to-terminal’ and door-to-door operations, as and when needed; •\tThey must build partnership with freight forwarder or 3PLs to include all types of customers

  7. Open Source, Open Access, Open Review, Open Data. Initiativen zu mehr Offenheit in der digitalen Welt

    OpenAIRE

    Herb, Ulrich

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the principles of openess, open access and open availability of information based on the examples of open access to scientific information, open government data, open geographical data and open source software.

  8. Open Source, Open Access, Open Review, Open Data. Initiativen zu mehr Offenheit in der digitalen Welt

    OpenAIRE

    Herb, Ulrich

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the principles of openess, open access and open availability of information based on the examples of open access to scientific information, open government data, open geographical data and open source software.

  9. Global OpenSearch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, D. J.; Mitchell, A. E.

    2015-12-01

    At AGU 2014, NASA EOSDIS demonstrated a case-study of an OpenSearch framework for Earth science data discovery. That framework leverages the IDN and CWIC OpenSearch API implementations to provide seamless discovery of data through the 'two-step' discovery process as outlined by the Federation for Earth Sciences (ESIP) OpenSearch Best Practices. But how would an Earth Scientist leverage this framework and what are the benefits? Using a client that understands the OpenSearch specification and, for further clarity, the various best practices and extensions, a scientist can discovery a plethora of data not normally accessible either by traditional methods (NASA Earth Data Search, Reverb, etc) or direct methods (going to the source of the data) We will demonstrate, via the CWICSmart web client, how an earth scientist can access regional data on a regional phenomena in a uniform and aggregated manner. We will demonstrate how an earth scientist can 'globalize' their discovery. You want to find local data on 'sea surface temperature of the Indian Ocean'? We can help you with that. 'European meteorological data'? Yes. 'Brazilian rainforest satellite imagery'? That too. CWIC allows you to get earth science data in a uniform fashion from a large number of disparate, world-wide agencies. This is what we mean by Global OpenSearch.

  10. Investigating the temperature field on doors, frames and armor plate of large capacity coke ovens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shashov, D.V.; Shustorovich, V.M.; Komolov, V.G.; Zhazhin, S.N.

    1985-06-01

    Experimental studies were carried out at the Altaiskii and Avdeevskii coking plants to determine the temperature field on the frames, doors and armor plating of coking batteries with a capacity of 41.6 m/sup 3/. It was established that for normal operation the temperature on metal parts of the combustion chambers remained stable. However, when gas is burned, the metal is subjected to rapid heating to temperatures exceeding those under normal operation. After the flame is extinguished, cooling is characterized by an accelerated temperature drop along the ribs and the temperature on the door and frame at the upper cross beam is higher than at other levels of the combustion chamber. Several recommendations on eliminating these temperature effects are made, e.g. using material with stable mechanical properties for doors, frames and armor plate. 4 references.

  11. A mass reduction effort of the electric and hybrid vehicle. [composite door panels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, R. B.; Jahnle, H. A.

    1980-01-01

    Weight reduction, cost competitiveness, and elimination of the intrusion beam resulted from the redesign and fabrication using composite materials of the door outer panel and intrusion beam from a Chevrolet Impala. The basis of the redesign involved replacing these two steel parts with a single compression molding using the unique approach of simultaneously curing a sheet molding compound outside panel with a continuous glass fiber intrusion strap. A weight reduction of nearly 11 pounds per door was achieved. Additional weight savings are possible by taking advantage of the elimination of the intrusion beam to design thinner door structures. The parts consolidation approach allows the composite structure to be cost competitive with the original steel design for both the lower production car models and for the near to midterm production vehicles using current state of the art composite production techniques. The design, prototype fabrication, costing, material, properties and compression molding production requirements are discussed.

  12. O triste quadro da saúde: análise de um out-door

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Lefèvre

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Procura-se, neste trabalho, analisar um out­door presente na cidade de São Paulo, no mês de maio de 1993, e que intitula-se : "O triste quadro da saúde". Em função de vários elementos encontrados no texto e em função do contexto externo, o referido out-door permite e possibilita, pelo menos, duas leituras de sentidos absolutamente opostos, o que, certamente, implica, no caso de um out-door "assinado", uma escolha inadequada da mensagem por parte dos signatários. Em função disso, sugere-se cuidado e atenção para a ambigüidade presente, com muita freqüência, nas mensagens e nos discursos.

  13. Open-Access Electronic Textbooks: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovadia, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Given the challenging economic climate in the United States, many academics are looking to open-access electronic textbooks as a way to provide students with traditional textbook content at a more financially advantageous price. Open access refers to "the free and widely available information throughout the World Wide Web. Once an article's…

  14. Open-Access Electronic Textbooks: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovadia, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Given the challenging economic climate in the United States, many academics are looking to open-access electronic textbooks as a way to provide students with traditional textbook content at a more financially advantageous price. Open access refers to "the free and widely available information throughout the World Wide Web. Once an article's…

  15. OpenAPC. Open-Access-Publikationskosten als Open Data

    OpenAIRE

    Tullney, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Präsentationsfolien zum Vortrag „OpenAPC. Open-Access-Publikationskosten als Open Data“ in der Session „Ausgestaltung eines wissenschaftsadäquaten APC-Marktes: Grundsätze, Finanzierungsansätze und Management“ der Open-Access-Tage 2015 in Zürich (https://www.open-access.net/community/open-access-tage/open-access-tage-2015-zuerich/programm/#c1974)

  16. INDOOR MODELLING FROM SLAM-BASED LASER SCANNER: DOOR DETECTION TO ENVELOPE RECONSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Díaz-Vilariño

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Updated and detailed indoor models are being increasingly demanded for various applications such as emergency management or navigational assistance. The consolidation of new portable and mobile acquisition systems has led to a higher availability of 3D point cloud data from indoors. In this work, we explore the combined use of point clouds and trajectories from SLAM-based laser scanner to automate the reconstruction of building indoors. The methodology starts by door detection, since doors represent transitions from one indoor space to other, which constitutes an initial approach about the global configuration of the point cloud into building rooms. For this purpose, the trajectory is used to create a vertical point cloud profile in which doors are detected as local minimum of vertical distances. As point cloud and trajectory are related by time stamp, this feature is used to subdivide the point cloud into subspaces according to the location of the doors. The correspondence between subspaces and building rooms is not unambiguous. One subspace always corresponds to one room, but one room is not necessarily depicted by just one subspace, for example, in case of a room containing several doors and in which the acquisition is performed in a discontinue way. The labelling problem is formulated as combinatorial approach solved as a minimum energy optimization. Once the point cloud is subdivided into building rooms, envelop (conformed by walls, ceilings and floors is reconstructed for each space. The connectivity between spaces is included by adding the previously detected doors to the reconstructed model. The methodology is tested in a real case study.

  17. Use of risk assessment analysis by failure mode, effects, and criticality to reduce door-to-balloon time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khare, Rahul K; Nannicelli, Anna P; Powell, Emilie S; Seivert, Nicholas P; Adams, James G; Holl, Jane L

    2013-10-01

    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services currently endorses a door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes or less for patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Recent evidence shows that a door-to-balloon time of 60 minutes significantly decreases inhospital mortality. We seek to use a proactive risk assessment method of failure mode, effects, and criticality analysis (FMECA) to evaluate door-to-balloon time process, to investigate how each component failure may affect the performance of a system, and to evaluate the frequency and the potential severity of harm of each failure. We conducted a 2-part study: FMECA of the door-to-balloon time system and process of care, and evaluation of a single institution's door-to-balloon time operational data using a retrospective observational cohort design. A multidisciplinary group of FMECA participants described the door-to-balloon time process to then create a comprehensive map and table listing all process steps and identified process failures, including their frequency, consequence, and causes. Door-to-balloon time operational data were assessed by "on" versus "off" hours. Fifty-one failure points were identified across 4 door-to-balloon time phases. Of the 12 high-risk failures, 58% occurred between ECG and catheterization laboratory activation. Total door-to-balloon time during on hours had a median time of 55 minutes (95% confidence interval 46 to 60 minutes) compared with 77 minutes (95% confidence interval 68 to 83 minutes) during off hours. The FMECA revealed clear areas of potential delay and vulnerability that can be addressed to decrease door-to-balloon time from 90 to 60 minutes. FMECAs can provide a robust assessment of potential risks and can serve as the platform for significant process improvement and system redesign for door-to-balloon time. Copyright © 2013 American College of Emergency Physicians. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. The Optimization Design of Door Connecting Rod Bracket Structure of Civil Aircraft%民用飞机舱门连杆支架优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁修起

    2014-01-01

    The cabin latch mechanism of civil aircraft is to prevent the door accidentally open parts. When a jam occurs forced operation, it will produce a greater internal force. The equipment door latch mechanism is all stem shape and load is small except the connecting rod bracket. Connecting rod bracket structure is complex and load is bigger. Based on analyzingresistance load ,using the finite element analysis software HyperMesh and Opti-Struct , three kinds of structure forms of connecting rod bracket are simulated. With comparison and analysis, connecting rod bracket structure satisfied equipment doors functional requirements and prototype test purpose, which provides reference for the follow-up of the real product design.%民用飞机舱门闩机构是防止舱门意外开启的机构部件。当机构发生卡阻且强制操作时,将产生较大的内力。在设备舱门闩机构中除连杆支架外都是杆形件且载荷较小,连杆支架结构形式复杂且载荷较大。在分析机构卡阻载荷的基础上使用有限元分析软件HyperMesh和Opti-Struct对三种结构形式的连杆支架进行了数值模拟。通过对比分析,得到了满足样机设备舱门功能要求和试验目的的连杆支架形式,为后续真实产品的设计提供参考。

  19. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  20. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  1. Unlocking the Door to Special Collections: Using the Web Combination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Terry

    2001-01-01

    Discusses use of the World Wide Web to enhance use of library special collections. Highlights include Web site development at the University of Idaho; starting with basic content and then adding on in increments, incorporating Cascading Style Sheets and other improvements; nontraditional outreach on the Web; and electronic mail. (LRW)

  2. Open Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanderhoff, Merete

    2013-01-01

    Museums around the world hold enormous troves of public domain artworks. In digitized form, they can be powerful tools for research and learning, as well as building blocks, in the hands of students, teachers, scholars, developers, and creative people. By opening up their digitized assets for reuse......, museums have a unique opportunity to broaden the scope of their public mission to serve and educate the public on 21st century media terms. What could be controversial about that? Art museums have a long legacy of restricting access to high quality images of artworks in order to protect them from improper...

  3. Open University

    CERN Document Server

    Pentz,M

    1975-01-01

    Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

  4. Opname van cadmium door gewassen in moestuinen in de Kempen: risico-inventarisatie en maatregelen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Römkens, P.F.A.M.; Rietra, R.P.J.J.; Lijzen, J.P.A.; Otte, P.F.; Comans, R.N.J.

    2004-01-01

    Op basis van bestaande data is de opname van cadmium door enkele belangrijke moestuingewassen beschreven via een bodem-plant relatie. Gebruik makend van organische stof, pH, klei en het cadmiumgehalte van de bodem kan het gehalte in het gewas voorspeld worden. Met deze vergelijkingen is vervolgens

  5. The genetic basis of DOORS syndrome : an exome-sequencing study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Campeau, Philippe M.; Kasperaviciute, Dalia; Lu, James T.; Burrage, Lindsay C.; Kim, Choel; Hori, Mutsuki; Powell, Berkley R.; Stewart, Fiona; Felix, Temis Maria; van den Ende, Jenneke; Wisniewska, Marzena; Kayserili, Huelya; Rump, Patrick; Nampoothiri, Sheela; Aftimos, Salim; Mey, Antje; Nair, Lal D. V.; Begleiter, Michael L.; De Bie, Isabelle; Meenakshi, Girish; Murray, Mitzi L.; Repetto, Gabriela M.; Golabi, Mahin; Blair, Edward; Male, Alison; Giuliano, Fabienne; Kariminejad, Ariana; Newman, William G.; Bhaskar, Sanjeev S.; Dickerson, Jonathan E.; Kerr, Bronwyn; Banka, Siddharth; Giltay, Jacques C.; Wieczorek, Dagmar; Tostevin, Anna; Wiszniewska, Joanna; Cheung, Sau Wai; Hennekam, Raoul C.; Gibbs, Richard A.; Lee, Brendan H.; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of unknown cause. We aimed to identify the genetic basis of this syndrome by sequencing most coding exons in affected individuals. Methods Through a search o

  6. 16 CFR 1201.40 - Interpretation concerning bathtub and shower doors and enclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interpretation concerning bathtub and shower... Policy and Interpretation § 1201.40 Interpretation concerning bathtub and shower doors and enclosures. (a) Purpose and background. The purpose of this section is to clarify the scope of the terms “bathtub...

  7. "Wolves at the Schoolhouse Door": Comments and Impressions by a Beseiged Business Manager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coley, Joe D.

    1989-01-01

    The Education Writers Association report "Wolves at the Schoolhouse Door" examines the poor condition of public school buildings. The report, utilizing data from all the states and from personal contacts and interviews, presents statistics on enrollment, maintenance budgets, safety, financing, lack of data, and potential solutions. (MLF)

  8. Online uitlenen van e-books door bibliotheken: verkenning juridische mogelijkheden en economische effecten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Noll, R.; Breemen, K.; Breemen, V.; Hugenholtz, B.; Brom, M.; Poort, J.

    2012-01-01

    Het uitlenen van e-books door openbare bibliotheken is in een groeiend aantal landen een realiteit. Dit rapport inventariseert deze praktijk en analyseert de juridische mogelijkheden voor en economische gevolgen van e-lending. In het economische deel van deze verkenning wordt onderzocht in welke

  9. 30 CFR 57.8531 - Construction and maintenance of ventilation doors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Construction and maintenance of ventilation doors. 57.8531 Section 57.8531 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... constructed of wood; (c) Maintained in good condition; (d) Self-closing, if manually operated; and...

  10. One-Door-One-Key Principle: Observations Regarding Integration of GM Authorization Procedures in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulen, van der B.M.J.; Yusuf, Neshe

    2015-01-01

    Under European Union (EU) law, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for consumption require authorizations for cultivation, for use in human food, and for use in animal feed. The recast of the legislative framework in 2003 introduced the “one-door-one-key principle.” This principle links and integr

  11. Improving Emergency Department Door to Doctor Time and Process Reliability: A Successful Implementation of Lean Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Sayed, Mazen J; El-Eid, Ghada R; Saliba, Miriam; Jabbour, Rima; Hitti, Eveline A

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using lean management methods on improving emergency department door to doctor times at a tertiary care hospital.We performed a before and after study at an academic urban emergency department with 49,000 annual visits after implementing a series of lean driven interventions over a 20 month period. The primary outcome was mean door to doctor time and the secondary outcome was length of stay of both admitted and discharged patients. A convenience sample from the preintervention phase (February 2012) was compared to another from the postintervention phase (mid-October to mid-November 2013). Individual control charts were used to assess process stability.Postintervention there was a statistically significant decrease in the mean door to doctor time measure (40.0 minutes ± 53.44 vs 25.3 minutes ± 15.93 P < 0.001). The postintervention process was more statistically in control with a drop in the upper control limits from 148.8 to 72.9 minutes. Length of stay of both admitted and discharged patients dropped from 2.6 to 2.0 hours and 9.0 to 5.5 hours, respectively. All other variables including emergency department visit daily volumes, hospital occupancy, and left without being seen rates were comparable.Using lean change management techniques can be effective in reducing door to doctor time in the Emergency Department and improving process reliability.

  12. Identifying Patient Door-to-Room Goals to Minimize Left-Without-Being-Seen Rates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shea Pielsticker

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Emergency department (ED patients in the leave-without-being-seen (LWBS group risk problems of inefficiency, medical risk, and financial loss. The goal at our hospital is to limit LWBS to 60min. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess for DoorRoom cutoffs predicting high LWBS, while adjusting for patient acuity (triage scores and admission % and operations parameters. We used predictive marginal probability to assess utility of the regression-generated cutoffs. We defined statistical significance at p85% of meeting the LWBS goal. A secondary DoorRoom cutoff was indicated at 35’, to prevent a precipitous drop-off in likelihood of meeting the LWBS goal, from 61.1% at 35’ to 34.4% at 40’. Predictive marginal analysis using multivariate techniques to control for operational and patient-acuity factors confirmed the 20’ and 35’ cutoffs as significant (p35’ were a further 75% less likely to meet the LWBS goal than days with DoorRoom of 21-35’ (OR 0.25, 95% CI [0.15-0.41]. Conclusion: Operationally useful DoorRoom cutoffs can be identified, which allow for rational establishment of performance goals for the ED attempting to minimize LWBS.

  13. Bedrijfsrestaurant als springplank : acceptatie van nieuwe biologische producten door introductie in de catering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinders, M.J.; Zimmermann, K.L.; Berg, van den I.

    2009-01-01

    Dit onderzoek verschaft inzicht in het overdrachtsmechanisme tussen de introductie van nieuwe producten in de catering (bedrijfsrestaurants) en de acceptatie van deze nieuwe producten door de consumenten. In Deel I van het rapport wordt een conceptueel model gepresenteerd dat als handvat dient voor

  14. The Glass Door: The Gender Composition of Newly-Hired Workers Across Hierarchical Job Levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hassink, W.H.J.; Russo, G.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the gender composition of the flow of new hirees along the organizational hierarchy of jobs. We find that women have a reduced chance to be hired at higher hierarchical levels. We refer to this phenomenon as the “glass door”. The glass door consists of an absolute and a relative

  15. Radiologische aspecten van opslag en lozing van afvalstoffen door de fosfaatindustrie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eggink GJ; LSO

    1995-01-01

    Bij de produktie van fosfaatkunstmest uit fosfaaterts komt fosfogips vrij. Dit fosfogips mag door zijn hoge radioactiviteit niet direct verwerkt worden. De verwijdering van radionucliden uit het ruwe gips vindt nog slechts op zeer geringe schaal plaats. Het overgrote deel wordt op land opgeslage

  16. Door Grond Horizontaal Belaste Palen: Analyse case study "Brienenoord Corridor Rotterdam"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breedeveld, J.

    2009-01-01

    In onderliggend rapport wordt onderzocht in welke mate de verschillende rekenmodellen, die in de dagelijkse praktijk worden toegepast om de mate van de omgevingsbeïnvloeding door een ophoging te voorspellen, het werkelijke grondgedrag dat tijdens en na de uitvoering van de BRICOR-ophoging is gemeten

  17. De mogelijkheden van het verbeteren van brouwgerst door recombinant DNA-onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rörsch, A.; Duijnhouwer, I.D.C.

    1987-01-01

    Het recombinant DNA-onderzoek startte omstreeks 1960. Een belangrijk deel van dit onderzoek op het gebied van gerst wordt uitgevoerd door het Carlsberg Research Center in Kopenhagen. In dit artikel worden diverse mogelijkheden van recombinant DNA-technieken belicht. Aangezien recombinant DNA-technie

  18. 46 CFR 170.270 - Door design, operation, installation, and testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... watertight doors must have power supplies, power sources, installation tests and inspection, and additional.... Provision must also be made to adequately support the thrust bearings and other equipment that may be... watertight to the bulkhead. (i) If bolted, a suitable thin heat and fire resistant gasket or...

  19. Zelf doen of samen met anderen?; uitbesteden van bedrijfsprocessen (BPO) door de rijksoverheid en uitvoeringsinstellingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Baarsma; M. de Nooij; J. Mulder; J. Haster

    2005-01-01

    BPO staat voor het uitbesteden van totale bedrijfsprocessen die vaak, maar niet noodzakelijkerwijs, IT-gerelateerd zijn, ten behoeve van vooraf overeengekomen resultaten. In de meeste gevallen gaat dit gepaard met een overname van medewerkers en andere productiemiddelen door de externe leverancier o

  20. Quantification of leakages and leakage pathways in wooden buildings. Part 2.: Manual for blower door measurements - advanced methods. Final report; Quantifizierung einzelner Leckagen und Leckagewege bei Gebaeuden in Holzbauart. T. 2: Handbuch zur Durchfuehrung von Blower Door-Messungen - Erweiterte Messmethoden. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, M.; Geissler, A.; Hauser, G.

    2001-07-01

    The first part of the project investigated the limits of application of the Opening A Door, Adding A Hole, Guard Zone and Deduction methods in order to find out which of them is the most reliable in given circumstances. This involved comparative measurements in the roof section of a model building. The roof section was specially designed and constructed for this purpose. The second part of the investigations comprised in situ measurements using a prototype measuring system developed in an earlier project, which was further developed into a flexible system for quantification of random leakages also in corners and along edges. It can be used either as a double chamber or as a single chamber combined, e.g., with a blower door as compensating volume flow meter. The laboratory experiments were supplemented by field tests. [German] Fuer die Quantifizierung der Luftdichtheit einzelner Gebaeudebereiche werden im ersten Teil des Projektes zur Schaffung von soliden Grundlagen die bekannten Methoden Opening A Door, Adding A Hole, Guard Zone und Deduktion auf ihre Anwendungsgrenzen untersucht. Es wird erarbeitet, unter welchen Bedingungen mit welcher Methode die sichersten Ergebnisse erhalten werden. Hierfuer werden Vergleichsmessungen im Dachbereich eines Versuchsgebaeudes unter bekannten Randbedingungen durchgefuehrt. Um die Moeglichkeit zu haben, konkrete Randbedingungen einzustellen wurde das vorhandene Versuchshaus umgebaut bzw. erweitert. Ein neuer Dachaufbau wurde entsprechend den Anforderungen des Projektes konzipiert und errichtet. Die Leckagen von einzelnen Bauteilen sollen im zweiten Teil des Projektes mit Hilfe eines in situ-Messgeraetes quantifiziert werden. Ein Messsystem zur Bestimmung der Luftdichtheit von Bauteilen in situ wurde im Rahmen eines frueheren Forschungsvorhabens als Prototyp bereits entwickelt. Ausgehend von dem aelteren Prototypen wird in diesem Projekt ein flexibles Messsystem entwickelt, mit dem die Quantifizierung beliebiger einzelner Leckagen

  1. Unlocking Doors without Keys: Activation of Src by Truncated C-terminal Intracellular Receptor Tyrosine Kinases Lacking Tyrosine Kinase Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Mezquita

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the best examples of the renaissance of Src as an open door to cancer has been the demonstration that just five min of Src activation is sufficient for transformation and also for induction and maintenance of cancer stem cells [1]. Many tyrosine kinase receptors, through the binding of their ligands, become the keys that unlock the structure of Src and activate its oncogenic transduction pathways. Furthermore, intracellular isoforms of these receptors, devoid of any tyrosine kinase activity, still retain the ability to unlock Src. This has been shown with a truncated isoform of KIT (tr-KIT and a truncated isoform of VEGFR-1 (i21-VEGFR-1, which are intracellular and require no ligand binding, but are nonetheless able to activate Src and induce cell migration and invasion of cancer cells. Expression of the i21-VEGFR-1 is upregulated by the Notch signaling pathway and repressed by miR-200c and retinoic acid in breast cancer cells. Both Notch inhibitors and retinoic acid have been proposed as potential therapies for invasive breast cancer.

  2. Unlocking Doors without Keys: Activation of Src by Truncated C-terminal Intracellular Receptor Tyrosine Kinases Lacking Tyrosine Kinase Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezquita, Belén; Mezquita, Pau; Pau, Montserrat; Mezquita, Jovita; Mezquita, Cristóbal

    2014-02-14

    One of the best examples of the renaissance of Src as an open door to cancer has been the demonstration that just five min of Src activation is sufficient for transformation and also for induction and maintenance of cancer stem cells [1]. Many tyrosine kinase receptors, through the binding of their ligands, become the keys that unlock the structure of Src and activate its oncogenic transduction pathways. Furthermore, intracellular isoforms of these receptors, devoid of any tyrosine kinase activity, still retain the ability to unlock Src. This has been shown with a truncated isoform of KIT (tr-KIT) and a truncated isoform of VEGFR-1 (i21-VEGFR-1), which are intracellular and require no ligand binding, but are nonetheless able to activate Src and induce cell migration and invasion of cancer cells. Expression of the i21-VEGFR-1 is upregulated by the Notch signaling pathway and repressed by miR-200c and retinoic acid in breast cancer cells. Both Notch inhibitors and retinoic acid have been proposed as potential therapies for invasive breast cancer.

  3. OpenER, a Dutch Initiative in Open Educational Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuwer, Robert; Mulder, Fred

    2009-01-01

    Over the period 2006-2008, the Dutch Open Universiteit Nederland conducted an experiment in which Open Educational Resources (OER) were offered in an effort to bridge the gap between informal and formal learning and to establish a new style of entry portal to higher education with no barriers at all. OpenER received considerable attention both in…

  4. OpenADR Open Source Toolkit: Developing Open Source Software for the Smart Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McParland, Charles

    2011-02-01

    Demand response (DR) is becoming an increasingly important part of power grid planning and operation. The advent of the Smart Grid, which mandates its use, further motivates selection and development of suitable software protocols to enable DR functionality. The OpenADR protocol has been developed and is being standardized to serve this goal. We believe that the development of a distributable, open source implementation of OpenADR will benefit this effort and motivate critical evaluation of its capabilities, by the wider community, for providing wide-scale DR services

  5. Janelas da cultura local: abrindo oportunidades para inclusão digital / Local cultural windows: open doors to digital inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Maria Freire

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta o quadro teórico e metodológico da pesquisa Janelas da Cultura Local, em desenvolvimento pelo Grupo de Pesquisa Informação e inclusão social, certificado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia, com apoio do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico e em parceria com a Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Quissamã, RJ. O objetivo é promover, de forma participativa, ações de informação no sentido da inclusão digital. As premissas do projeto ― a informação como força de transformação, a responsabilidade social da Ciência da Informação e a sua relação intrínseca com a tecnologia da informação ― se manifestam na proposta de desenvolvimento de competências para produção e comunicação digital da informação, contribuindo para dotar os participantes de elementos de mediação entre a cultura local e a cultura global. O campo empírico é a Escola Maria Ilka, no bairro de Santa Catarina, onde os professores estão produzindo do sítio virtual da cultura local, em consonância com o projeto político-pedagógico e a programação da Escola.

  6. [For an open-door, more comfortable and humane intensive care unit. It is time for change].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escudero, Dolores; Viña, Lucia; Calleja, Clementina

    2014-01-01

    The Intensive Care Unit is a wonderful place where lives are saved, but it is also a very harsh and unpleasant place where critically ill patients face terrible diseases in very adverse environmental conditions. We must change the design of the ICU and its organization; we must improve privacy, welfare and comfort of patients and families, following their personal and emotional demands. To free up the visiting hours and to improve family care are among our most urging matters, which we should delay no further. We must equip the ICUs with modern monitors and respirators but we must also invest in organization, design, environmental comfort and humanization. We need to redesign clinical practise so that ICU care becomes more agreeable and humane. We should put off this change no longer, since it is an imperative social and professional demand. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.

  7. A unilateral open door laminoplasty technique: prospective analysis of the relationship between midline extensor muscle preservation and postoperative neck pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin Hoon; Jeong, Eui-Kyun; Lee, Moon Kyu; Chul Rhim, Seung; Roh, Sung Woo; Kim, Jeoung Hee; Jeon, Sang Ryong

    2015-02-01

    Since laminoplasty was first introduced, several techniques have been developed to reduce postoperative neck pain and progressive kyphosis following this procedure. We describe the importance of deep muscle preservation to prevent postoperative neck pain following cervical posterior surgery, using the inter-muscular plane. We performed cervical laminoplasty on 10 patients from March to July 2012. The mean follow-up duration was 14.6 (range 12-18) months, and the mean age was 58.8 (48-68) years. There were eight men and two women in the study cohort, which consisted of eight cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and two cases of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and neck disability index (NDI) score were assessed before and at 6 and 12 months after surgery. The numeric rating scale (NRS) for neck pain was evaluated at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. CT scan was performed immediately after the operation, and a radiograph was performed preoperatively and during the follow-up evaluation at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The preoperative JOA and NDI scores improved in all patients. Although there were two patients who complained of moderate postoperative neck pain (NRS 4 and 5), their condition gradually improved. Seven patients had mild or no neck pain (below NRS 3) at the 12 month follow-up. In addition, the cervical alignment was well maintained in all but one patient. Although larger prospective cohorts, longer follow-up periods, and comparative analyses are still needed, the clinical and radiological outcomes observed in the short 12 month period in this small cohort are promising.

  8. Technology Opens Doors to Scientific Discovery, Portrait Unveiled of Former NLM Director Lindberg | NIH MedlinePlus the ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... my research into the social impact of the Internet back in the year 2000," she stated, "[the ... expand the publication and distribution of NIH MedlinePlus magazine, thousands and thousands more people will gain valuable, ...

  9. Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) can open the door to other problems, including reproductive, respiratory, and enteric disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is a review, written for a lay publication whose core audience in dairy producers. A brief history of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) research is given as well as a review of recent research discoveries. National efforts to reduce antibiotic use have led to a greater emphasis on disease prevention ...

  10. Open door approach by partial sternotomy and sterno-costo-chondroplasty for annuloaortic ectasia with pectus excavatum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawamura, Tomonori; Fukuda, Ikuo; Minakawa, Masahito; Fukui, Kozo

    2011-04-01

    A 32-year-old female patient with Marfan syndrome was admitted for repair of annuloaortic ectasia and severe pectus excavatum. Because the chest cage deformity was severe, concomitant reparative surgery of the chest wall was performed. Partial median sternotomy and left second-fifth rib division was made to obtain good surgical field. The patient underwent valve-sparing aortic root remodeling successfully. After complete neutralization of heparin, additional division of the right ribs was performed and each rib and the sternum was reshaped. Pectus excavatum was completely repaired by this method. We believe this approach is efficacious for intracardiac repair with severe pectus excavatum.

  11. Measuring Modularity in Open Source Code Bases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Milev

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Modularity of an open source software code base has been associated with growth of the software development community, the incentives for voluntary code contribution, and a reduction in the number of users who take code without contributing back to the community. As a theoretical construct, modularity links OSS to other domains of research, including organization theory, the economics of industry structure, and new product development. However, measuring the modularity of an OSS design has proven difficult, especially for large and complex systems. In this article, we describe some preliminary results of recent research at Carleton University that examines the evolving modularity of large-scale software systems. We describe a measurement method and a new modularity metric for comparing code bases of different size, introduce an open source toolkit that implements this method and metric, and provide an analysis of the evolution of the Apache Tomcat application server as an illustrative example of the insights gained from this approach. Although these results are preliminary, they open the door to further cross-discipline research that quantitatively links the concerns of business managers, entrepreneurs, policy-makers, and open source software developers.

  12. Open Access and ORCID poster presentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Mikael Karstensen; Ekstrøm, Jeannette

    2014-01-01

    Open Access Open Access is high on the agenda in Denmark and internationally. Denmark has announced a national strategy for Open Access that aims to achieve Open Access to 80% in 2017 and 100% in 2022 to peer review research articles. All public Danish funders as well as H2020 requires that all...... peer review articles that is an outcome of their funding will be Open Access. Uploading your full texts (your final author manuscript after review ) to DTU Orbit is a fundamental part of providing Open Access to your research. We are here to answer all your questions with regards to Open Access...... and related topics such as copyright, DTU Orbit, Open Access journals, APCs, Vouchers etc. ORCID ORCID – Open Research & Contributor ID – is an internationally recognized and widely used researcher-ID. ORCID makes it easy to reuse your data across disciplines, publishers and databases – all you need to do...

  13. Openness initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duncan, S.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Although antinuclear campaigns seem to be effective, public communication and education efforts on low-level radioactive waste have mixed results. Attempts at public information programs on low-level radioactive waste still focus on influencing public opinion. A question then is: {open_quotes}Is it preferable to have a program focus on public education that will empower individuals to make informed decisions rather than trying to influence them in their decisions?{close_quotes} To address this question, a case study with both quantitative and qualitative data will be used. The Ohio Low-Level Radioactive Waste Education Program has a goal to provide people with information they want/need to make their own decisions. The program initiated its efforts by conducting a statewide survey to determine information needed by people and where they turned for that information. This presentation reports data from the survey and then explores the program development process in which programs were designed and presented using the information. Pre and post data from the programs reveal attitude and knowledge shifts.

  14. Gallbladder removal - open

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cholecystectomy - open; Surgery - gallbladder - open ... a medical instrument called a laparoscope ( laparoscopic cholecystectomy ). Open gallbladder surgery is used when laparoscopic surgery cannot ...

  15. OpenCL programming guide

    CERN Document Server

    Munshi, Aaftab; Mattson, Timothy G; Fung, James; Ginsburg, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Using the new OpenCL (Open Computing Language) standard, you can write applications that access all available programming resources: CPUs, GPUs, and other processors such as DSPs and the Cell/B.E. processor. Already implemented by Apple, AMD, Intel, IBM, NVIDIA, and other leaders, OpenCL has outstanding potential for PCs, servers, handheld/embedded devices, high performance computing, and even cloud systems. This is the first comprehensive, authoritative, and practical guide to OpenCL 1.1 specifically for working developers and software architects. Written by five leading OpenCL authorities, OpenCL Programming Guide covers the entire specification. It reviews key use cases, shows how OpenCL can express a wide range of parallel algorithms, and offers complete reference material on both the API and OpenCL C programming language. Through complete case studies and downloadable code examples, the authors show how to write complex parallel programs that decompose workloads across many different devices. They...

  16. THE OPEN SOURCING OF EPANET

    Science.gov (United States)

    A proposal was made at the 2009 EWRI Congress in Kansas City, MO to establish an Open Source Project (OSP) for the widely used EPANET pipe network analysis program. This would be an ongoing collaborative effort among a group of geographically dispersed advisors and developers, wo...

  17. Perancangan dan Proses Pembuatan Inner Door Panel Mobil Pick Up Multiguna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Prayogi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sejak tahun 2012 Jurusan Teknik Mesin bekerja sama dengan PT. INKA mengembangkan mobil murah multigna. Mobil pick up tersebut diberi nama GEA. Pengembangan dilakukan pada body, chasis dan engine. Sebagai bagian dari body, pintu mobil juga akan dikembangkan. Pada tahun 2013, penelitian terhadap posisi handle pengatur kaca jendela atau window regulator mobil pick up GEA telah dilakukan. Evaluasi tersebut mengharuskan adanya perubahan desain dari inner door panel. Suatu rancangan pengembangan desain inner door panel perlu dilakukan agar inner door panel dapat diproduksi secara massal. Langkah-langkah penelitian yang dilakukan meliputi penyusunan list of requirement untuk pengembangan konsep, analisa getaran dan tegangan yang terjadi pada panel dengan bantuan software CATIA. Selanjutnya perancangan proses pembuatan dan perancangan punch and dies-nya dilakukan. Dari analisa getaran yang dilakukan, dapat diketahui inner door panel memiliki frekuensi natural sebesar 166,94 Hz (10.016,4 rpm artinya panel aman dan tidak terpengaruh oleh getaran dari mesin mobil. Tegangan yang terjadi pada inner door panel akibat gaya pembebanan pada handle pintu bagian dalam adalah 2,9159 x 107 Pa (2,97 Kg/mm2 sehingga lebih kecil dari tegangan ijin materialnya 13,94 Kg/mm2 dan rancangan masih berada dalam kategori aman. Untuk membuat inner door panel dilakukan 3 macam proses pembentukan yaitu trimming, embossing dan piercing. Total gaya pembentukan masing-masing proses sebagai berikut: Gaya pembentukan proses trimming = 48.96 ton, proses embossing = 26.89 ton dan proses piercing = 41.66 ton. Window regulator yang disarankan untuk digunakan pada mobil pick up multiguna ini adalah scissor type window regulator dengan tenaga penggerak manual. Pada perancangan punch and dies, tegangan kompresi masing-masing proses dihitung dan hasilnya adalah sebagai berikut: Tegangan kompresi proses trimming 0.11 Kg/mm2, tegangan kompresi proses embossing 0.28 Kg/mm2, tegangan kompresi

  18. Opening Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crovini, L.

    1994-01-01

    Ladies and Gentlemen To quote Mr Jean Terrien: "Physics must be one step ahead of metrology". A long-serving Director of the BIPM, he said these words when visiting the IMGC in 1970 as a member of the scientific board of our Institute. At that time it was still an open question whether the IMGC should start research work on the absolute measurement of silicon lattice spacing. Mr Terrien underlined the revolutionary character of x-ray interferometry and, eventually, he caused the balance needle to lean towards the ... right direction. Mr Terrien correctly foresaw that, like Michelson's interferometer of 1880, x-ray interferometry could have a prominent place in today's science and technology. And while, in the first case, after more than a century we can see instruments based on electromagnetic wave interaction within every one's reach in laboratories and, sometimes, in workshops, in the second case, twenty-five years since the first development of an x-ray interferometer we can witness its role in nanometrology. Today and tomorrow we meet to discuss how to go beyond the sixth decimal place in the value of the Avogadro constant. We are aware that the quest for this achievement requires the cooperation of scientists with complementary capabilities. I am sure that the present workshop is a very good opportunity to present and discuss results and to improve and extend existing cooperation. The new adjustment of fundamental constants envisaged by the CODATA Task Group is redoubling scientists' efforts to produce competitive values of NA. The results of the measurements of the silicon lattice spacing in terms of an optical wavelength, which were available for the 1986 adjustment, combined with the determination of silicon molar volume, demonstrate how such an NA determination produces a consistent set of other constants and opens the way to a possible redefinition of the kilogram. We shall see in these two days how far we have progressed along this road. For us at the

  19. A targeted door-to-door strategy for sleeping sickness detection in low-prevalence settings in Côte d’Ivoire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koffi, Mathurin; N’Djetchi, Martial; Ilboudo, Hamidou; Kaba, Dramane; Coulibaly, Bamoro; N’Gouan, Emmanuel; Kouakou, Lingué; Bucheton, Bruno; Solano, Philippe; Courtin, Fabrice; Ehrhardt, Stephan; Jamonneau, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    Significant efforts to control human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) over the three past decades have resulted in drastic reductions of disease prevalence in Côte d’Ivoire. In this context, the costly and labor-intensive active mass screening strategy is no longer efficient. In addition to a more cost-effective passive surveillance system being implemented in this low-prevalence context, our aim was to develop an alternative targeted active screening strategy. In 2012, we carried out a targeted door-to-door (TDD) survey focused on the immediate vicinities of former HAT patients detected in the HAT focus of Bonon and compared the results to those obtained during classical active mass screening (AMS) surveys conducted from 2000 to 2012 in the same area. The TDD that provides a friendlier environment, inviting inhabitants to participate and gain awareness of the disease, detected significantly more HAT cases than the AMS. These results suggest that the TDD is an efficient and useful strategy in low-prevalence settings where very localized transmission cycles may persist and, in combination with passive surveillance, could help in eliminating HAT. PMID:27849517

  20. A targeted door-to-door strategy for sleeping sickness detection in low-prevalence settings in Côte d’Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koffi Mathurin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Significant efforts to control human African trypanosomiasis (HAT over the three past decades have resulted in drastic reductions of disease prevalence in Côte d’Ivoire. In this context, the costly and labor-intensive active mass screening strategy is no longer efficient. In addition to a more cost-effective passive surveillance system being implemented in this low-prevalence context, our aim was to develop an alternative targeted active screening strategy. In 2012, we carried out a targeted door-to-door (TDD survey focused on the immediate vicinities of former HAT patients detected in the HAT focus of Bonon and compared the results to those obtained during classical active mass screening (AMS surveys conducted from 2000 to 2012 in the same area. The TDD that provides a friendlier environment, inviting inhabitants to participate and gain awareness of the disease, detected significantly more HAT cases than the AMS. These results suggest that the TDD is an efficient and useful strategy in low-prevalence settings where very localized transmission cycles may persist and, in combination with passive surveillance, could help in eliminating HAT.

  1. From PAWP to "Pop": opening up new pathways to fatherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadnais, Melissa L; Gerton, George L

    2015-01-01

    Infertility remains a significant problem for many couples. Approximately one in seven couples who attempt to conceive will fail to do so within 1 year. In about 65% of these cases, there is a male component of infertility.1 Despite normal semen parameters, the etiology of infertility remains uncertain in more than 50% of couples.2 Defects in sperm proteins and/ or structures may underlie certain cases of male infertility. Although many men would like to be called "Pop", "Dad", or "Papa", those who are classified with idiopathic male infertility have few options for becoming fathers. Recent studies by Aarabi et al.3 may open the door to new therapies.

  2. Opening Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abalakin, V. K.

    1997-03-01

    Dear Colleagues, It is a great pleasure and honor for me to invite you on the occasion of the IAU Colloquium International Cooperation in Dissemination of the Astronomical Data to the Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences. This distinguished gathering of experts in the vast field of modern methods for archiving and managing almost infinite astronomical data files of everlasting value will doubtlessly make a considerable and important contribution to success in the present and future research in astronomy. All of us are witnesses of a great technological, even psychological upturn that occurs in the everyday astronomical practice. The small but the most powerful handy devices known as desktop, laptop, or even palm-top PCs, have rendered a tedious calculating work and stressing search in the card-file or book-form catalogs to a pure pleasure and raised an admiration for those brilliant minds that have invented such a kind of hard- and software. The networks of all kinds and sorts -- Internet, Bitnet, World Wide Web, etc. -- have realized ancient dreams of a Man to fly with thought all over the world communicating with other human beings. But ... don't forget that the most real and valuable communication is the live one, when one can see the face and the eyes of his (or her) partner, listen to his voice as large as life, and the only opportunity for this is to stay together. And this just occurs at the colloquium like ours! So, let me heartily welcome you to the Pulkovo Observatory.

  3. Multi-Criterion Optimal Design of Automotive Door Based on Metamodeling Technique and Genetic Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A method for optimizing automotive doors under multiple criteria involving the side impact,stiffness, natural frequency, and structure weight is presented. Metamodeling technique is employed to construct approximations to replace the high computational simulation models. The approximating functions for stiffness and natural frequency are constructed using Taylor series approximation. Three popular approximation techniques, i. e. polynomial response surface (PRS), stepwise regression (SR), and Kriging are studied on their accuracy in the construction of side impact functions. Uniform design is employed to sample the design space of the door impact analysis. The optimization problem is solved by a multi-objective genetic algorithm. It is found that SR technique is superior to PRS and Kriging techniques in terms of accuracy in this study. The numerical results demonstrate that the method successfully generates a well-spread Pareto optimal set. From this Pareto optimal set, decision makers can select the most suitable design according to the vehicle program and its application.

  4. RESEARCH ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF MDF DOOR FRAMES AFTER IMMERSION IN WATER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan CISMARU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the researchwork performed on the behaviour of the door framesmade of laminated MDF (cherry and walnut foil onimmersion in water. The MDF boards were purchasedfrom two different suppliers. The immersion wasmade untill the critical limit was reached, when thedimensional characteristics of the frame came out ofthe field of tolerances. The dimensionalmeasurements, together with the mass weights wereperformed at different times, finaly achieving differentcritical limits for the two types of materials. The finalconclusion of the research showed that, after a periodof 24 hours of immersion in water, both materialshave suffered major dimensional changes thataffected the use of the door frame. The paperprovides information on the relative and absolutevariations of sizes and mass, including percentagechanges.

  5. Friction and lubrication modeling in sheet metal forming simulations of a Volvo XC90 inner door

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigvant, M.; Pilthammar, J.; Hol, J.; Wiebenga, J. H.; Chezan, T.; Carleer, B.; van den Boogaard, A. H.

    2016-11-01

    The quality of sheet metal formed parts is strongly dependent on the tribology, friction and lubrication conditions that are acting in the actual production process. Although friction is of key importance, it is currently not considered in detail in stamping simulations. This paper presents a selection of results considering friction and lubrication modeling in sheet metal forming simulations of the Volvo XC90 right rear door inner. For this purpose, the TriboForm software is used in combination with the AutoForm software. Validation of the simulation results is performed using door inner parts taken from the press line in a full-scale production run. The results demonstrate the improved prediction accuracy of stamping simulations by accounting for accurate friction and lubrication conditions, and the strong influence of friction conditions on both the part quality and the overall production stability.

  6. Misidentification of English Language Proficiency in Triage: Impact on Satisfaction and Door-to-Room Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishnan, Vamsi; Roper, Jamie; Cossey, Kori; Roman, Crystal; Jeanmonod, Rebecca

    2016-04-01

    We examined triage nurses' assessment of patients' language proficiency compared to patients' self-reported proficiency and the impact of language discordance on door-to-room time and patient satisfaction. This was a prospective study of emergency department walk-in patients. Patients completed a survey in which they identified their language proficiency. On a Likert scale, patients ranked how well they felt they were understood and how satisfied they were with the triage process. Nurses completed surveys identifying the patient's primary language and how well they felt they understood the patient. Door-to-room times were obtained from medical records. 163 patients were enrolled. 66% of patients identified themselves as having good English proficiency, while 34% of patients had limited English proficiency. Nurses misclassified 27% of self-identified Spanish-speaking patients as being English proficient. Spanish-speakers felt less satisfied with triage than English-speakers (p English-speakers.

  7. Studienlandschaft Schwingbachtal: an out-door full-scale learning tool newly equipped with augmented reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, A. H.; Schnepel, O.; Kraft, P.; Houska, T.; Plesca, I.; Orlowski, N.; Breuer, L.

    2015-11-01

    This paper addresses education and communication in hydrology and geosciences. Many approaches can be used, such as the well-known seminars, modelling exercises and practical field work but out-door learning in our discipline is a must, and this paper focuses on the recent development of a new out-door learning tool at the landscape scale. To facilitate improved teaching and hands-on experience, we designed the Studienlandschaft Schwingbachtal. Equipped with field instrumentation, education trails, and geocache, we now implemented an augmented reality App, adding virtual teaching objects on the real landscape. The App development is detailed, to serve as methodology for people wishing to implement such a tool. The resulting application, namely the Schwingbachtal App, is described as an example. We conclude that such an App is useful for communication and education purposes, making learning pleasant, and offering personalized options.

  8. A Distributed Infrastructure for Metadata about Metadata: The HDMM Architectural Style and PORTAL-DOORS System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl Taswell

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Both the IRIS-DNS System and the PORTAL-DOORS System share a common architectural style for pervasive metadata networks that operate as distributed metadata management systems with hierarchical authorities for entity registering and attribute publishing. Hierarchical control of metadata redistribution throughout the registry-directory networks constitutes an essential characteristic of this architectural style called Hierarchically Distributed Mobile Metadata (HDMM with its focus on moving the metadata for who what where as fast as possible from servers in response to requests from clients. The novel concept of multilevel metadata about metadata has also been defined for the PORTAL-DOORS System with the use of entity, record, infoset, representation and message metadata. Other new features implemented include the use of aliases, priorities and metaresources.

  9. Development of a Thin-Wall Magnesium side door Inner Panel for Automobiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jekl, J.; Auld, J.; Sweet, C.; Carter, Jon; Resch, Steve; Klarner, A.; Brevick, J.; Luo, A.

    2015-05-17

    Cast magnesium side door inner panels can provide a good combination of weight, functional, manufacturing and economical requirements. However, several challenges exist including casting technology for thin-wall part design, multi-material incompatibility and relatively low strength vs steel. A project has been initiated, supported by the US Department of Energy, to design and develop a lightweight frame-under-glass door having a thin-wall, full die-cast, magnesium inner panel. This development project is the first of its kind within North America. Phase I of the project is now complete and the 2.0mm magnesium design, through casting process enablers, has met or exceeded all stiffness requirements, with significant mass reduction and part consolidation. In addition, a corrosion mitigation strategy has been established using industry-accepted galvanic isolation methods and coating technologies.

  10. Scheduling Trucks in a Cross-Dock with Mixed Service Mode Dock Doors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bodnar, Peter; Azadeh, Kaveh; Koster, René de

    2017-01-01

    The problem considered in this paper is how to schedule inbound and outbound trucks subject to time windows at a multidoor cross-dock. Dock doors can either be dedicated to inbound or outbound trucks or be capable of handling both truck types. In addition, loads are allowed to be temporarily...... and an adaptive large neighborhood search heuristic is proposed to compute near-optimal solutions of real size instances. Computational experiments show that the proposed heuristic algorithm can obtain high-quality solutions within short computation times. We apply the model to cross-dock scheduling and design...... problems of four warehouses of a large retailer and show that substantially smaller cross-docks can be used by using dock-doors flexibly and properly scheduling the trucks....

  11. Ultra wide band antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Begaud, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    Ultra Wide Band Technology (UWB) has reached a level of maturity that allows us to offer wireless links with either high or low data rates. These wireless links are frequently associated with a location capability for which ultimate accuracy varies with the inverse of the frequency bandwidth. Using time or frequency domain waveforms, they are currently the subject of international standards facilitating their commercial implementation. Drawing up a complete state of the art, Ultra Wide Band Antennas is aimed at students, engineers and researchers and presents a summary of internationally recog

  12. Open life science research, open software and the open century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Youhua Chen

    2015-01-01

    At the age of knowledge explosion and mass scientific information, I highlighted the importance of conducting open science in life and medical researches through the extensive usage of open software and documents...

  13. Incumbent Participation in Open Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørding Olsen, Anders

    Recent years have seen an increasing shift towards open innovation approaches across a wide range of types and sizes of companies, as well as a surge in the interest from academics into the topic. Accessing knowledge and resources otherwise unavailable through interactions with external partners...... is generally regarded as highly valuable to the development and commercialization of innovations. However, this paper explores a potential dark side of open innovation. Based on well-establish theory, differences between the interests of incumbents and SMEs are hypothesized to influence the future survival...... and performance of the SME partners. Findings support the hypothesis that open innovation engagement with incumbents has a negative impact on future survival and performance, moderated by radicalness and technological maturity. This elaborates on open innovation by increased understanding of drawbacks...

  14. Heterogeneous Computing with OpenCL

    CERN Document Server

    Gaster, Benedict; Kaeli, David R; Mistry, Perhaad; Schaa, Dana

    2011-01-01

    Heterogeneous Computing with OpenCL teaches OpenCL and parallel programming for complex systems that may include a variety of device architectures: multi-core CPUs, GPUs, and fully-integrated Accelerated Processing Units (APUs) such as AMD Fusion technology. Designed to work on multiple platforms and with wide industry support, OpenCL will help you more effectively program for a heterogeneous future. Written by leaders in the parallel computing and OpenCL communities, this book will give you hands-on OpenCL experience to address a range of fundamental parallel algorithms. The authors explore m

  15. TECHNICAL AND ORGANISATIONAL ASPECTS OF PRODUCTION PREPARATION ON THE EXAMPLE OF DOOR FACTORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rudawska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the work is the analysis of the organization of production, and door-producing undertaking to propose technical solutions that could improve production efficiency and reduce costs. On the basis of an analysis of the existing organizational and technical production plant a proposal of changes was presented. These changes depend on replacing a group of machines with one CNC EGURKO automatic line.

  16. Effects of Rainfall on E. coli Concentrations at Door County, Wisconsin Beaches

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory T. Kleinheinz; McDermott, Colleen M.; Sarah Hughes; Amanda Brown

    2009-01-01

    Rainfall and its associated storm water runoff have been associated with transport of many pollutants into beach water. Fecal material, from a variety of animals (humans, pets, livestock, and wildlife), can wash into beach water following rainfall and result in microbial contamination of the beach. Many locales around the world issue pre-emptive beach closures associated with rainfall. This study looked at eight beaches located in Door County, Wisconsin, on Lake Michigan to determine the impa...

  17. The Door--A Center of Alternatives. Report on Current Activities and Recent Achievements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Center for Integrative Studies, New York, NY.

    The Door is a youth center in New York, New York, that has the capacity to respond to a myriad of adolescent needs and problems. Over the past 15 years it has serviced over 100,000 teenagers, 53.4 percent of whom were Black, 23.1 percent Hispanic, 20 percent White, 3.5 percent Asian and other; they come from all over the New York City area.…

  18. Vergeten linies: Antwerpse bunkers en loopgraven door de lens van Leutnant Zimmermann (1918)

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Onderzoek van de Universiteit Gent in het Koninklijk Legermuseum (KLM) in Brussel bracht in 2007 een reeks van 46 onbekende luchtfoto’s aan het licht. De foto’s dateren van januari 1918 en zijn van Duitse origine. Ze dragen het opschrift Kaiserliche Fortifikation Antwerpen en werden genomen door de tot dan toe onbekende luitenant Zimmermann. Het was direct duidelijk dat de foto’s een schat aan historische informatie bevatten. Het provinciebestuur van Antwerpen liet ze grondig analyseren om er...

  19. Open Standards, Open Source, and Open Innovation: Harnessing the Benefits of Openness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Committee for Economic Development, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Digitization of information and the Internet have profoundly expanded the capacity for openness. This report details the benefits of openness in three areas--open standards, open-source software, and open innovation--and examines the major issues in the debate over whether openness should be encouraged or not. The report explains each of these…

  20. External debt and capital flight in Nigeria: Is there a revolving door?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OT Ajilore

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Using the residual method of capital flight estimation, this paper estimates Nigerian capital flight over the period 1970 - 2001 and finds a close correlation between external debt and capital flight flows. This phenomenon suggests a paradoxical revolving door of a bi-directional flow of capital, i.e. where capital enters the country in the guise of external borrowing and simultaneously slips out of the country as private capital flight. The research question addressed by this paper is whether such a financial revolving door relationship exists in Nigeria, just as previous empirical researches had established in a number of countries. The paper utilises a simultaneous equation model and three stage least square estimation technique (3SLS, in addition to two-way Granger causality tests, to obtain statistical evidence that confirms the existence of a financial revolving door relationship between the two endogenous variables. In addition, existence of stronger causality from debt to capital flight is instrumental in showing that growing public deficit and the resulting increase in external debt is being used as a transfer mechanism for capital flight.

  1. Probabilistic Swinging Door Algorithm as Applied to Photovoltaic Power Ramping Event Detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Florita, Anthony; Zhang, Jie; Brancucci Martinez-Anido, Carlo; Hodge, Bri-Mathias; Cui, Mingjian

    2015-10-02

    Photovoltaic (PV) power generation experiences power ramping events due to cloud interference. Depending on the extent of PV aggregation and local grid features, such power variability can be constructive or destructive to measures of uncertainty regarding renewable power generation; however, it directly influences contingency planning, production costs, and the overall reliable operation of power systems. For enhanced power system flexibility, and to help mitigate the negative impacts of power ramping, it is desirable to analyze events in a probabilistic fashion so degrees of beliefs concerning system states and forecastability are better captured and uncertainty is explicitly quantified. A probabilistic swinging door algorithm is developed and presented in this paper. It is then applied to a solar data set of PV power generation. The probabilistic swinging door algorithm builds on results from the original swinging door algorithm, first used for data compression in trend logging, and it is described by two uncertain parameters: (i) e, the threshold sensitivity to a given ramp, and (ii) s, the residual of the piecewise linear ramps. These two parameters determine the distribution of ramps and capture the uncertainty in PV power generation.

  2. Deficiencies in building envelope performance. Quantitative results with blower-door and thermography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popp, G.; Kalender, V.; Heidt, F.D. [Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Siegen (Germany)

    1996-12-31

    Air-tightness and lack of thermal bridges are indispensable characteristics of low energy houses and passive solar buildings. Although the German heating demand regulation (Waermeschutzverordnung) does not require a verification as yet, only measurements can give the proof of assured quality. Blower doors are well suited to test the air-tightness of buildings and thermographic records can identify and visualize thermal bridges. A new software-tool was developed to evaluate blower door measurements in accordance with the prescriptions of ISO 9972. Further, a new control of pressure differences across blower doors was developed to enable precise air flow measurements through single, small leakages in low-energy buildings by the balanced fan pressurization method. For quantitative analysis of thermographic pictures an evaluation software package was developed including an algorithm to determine lengths and surface areas of objects. Based on various assumptions and boundary conditions it is possible to determine the relative deviations of local U-values from their mean value. Measurements were carried out at 39 buildings of several construction techniques. Typical examples of commonly occuring thermal bridges and air leakages are rolling shutter boxes, window and floor joints as well as wall sockets. The total heat loss through thermal bridges can be reduced by up to 15% - as shown in simulations - with only few constructive measures. (orig.)

  3. World wide biomass resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faaij, A.P.C.

    2012-01-01

    In a wide variety of scenarios, policy strategies, and studies that address the future world energy demand and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, biomass is considered to play a major role as renewable energy carrier. Over the past decades, the modern use of biomass has increased rapidly in

  4. Health Care Wide Hazards

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Other Hazards (Lack of) PPE Slips/Trips/Falls Stress Tuberculosis Universal Precautions Workplace Violence Use of Medical Lasers Health Effects Use ... Needlesticks Noise Mercury Inappropriate PPE Slips/Trips/Falls ... of Universal Precautions Workplace Violence For more information, see Other Healthcare Wide ...

  5. World wide biomass resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faaij, A.P.C.

    2012-01-01

    In a wide variety of scenarios, policy strategies, and studies that address the future world energy demand and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, biomass is considered to play a major role as renewable energy carrier. Over the past decades, the modern use of biomass has increased rapidly in

  6. World wide biomass resources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faaij, A.P.C.

    2012-01-01

    In a wide variety of scenarios, policy strategies, and studies that address the future world energy demand and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, biomass is considered to play a major role as renewable energy carrier. Over the past decades, the modern use of biomass has increased

  7. Open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hailey, D

    2006-11-01

    (1) In most MRI scanners, the patient examination table fits inside a long cylindrical tube. Large patients cannot be accommodated, and some persons experience claustrophobic reactions. Open MRI systems, in which the patient is placed between two plates, overcome these disadvantages. (2) Open MRI scanners are widely used in health care. High-field closed MRI systems are preferred for many examinations. (3) Early versions of open MRI scanners had low magnetic field strength, gave poorer image quality than most closed systems, and required longer examination times. Newer open scanners include machines with higher magnetic field strengths and improved image quality. (4) Closed high magnetic field scanners with short magnets and wide bore tubes offer improved comfort to patients, and may be an alternative to open scanners. (5) There is interest in using open systems for intra-operative and image-guided interventions.

  8. Designing Software to Shape Open Government Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Harlan Ming-Tun

    2012-01-01

    Modern information technologies have transformed the meaning and promise of "open government." The term originally stood for the ideas of government transparency and public accountability. But with the rise of the Internet, "open government" has grown to encompass a wide range of civic goals--greater public participation and…

  9. The genetic basis of DOORS syndrome: an exome-sequencing study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campeau, Philippe M; Kasperaviciute, Dalia; Lu, James T; Burrage, Lindsay C; Kim, Choel; Hori, Mutsuki; Powell, Berkley R; Stewart, Fiona; Félix, Têmis Maria; van den Ende, Jenneke; Wisniewska, Marzena; Kayserili, Hülya; Rump, Patrick; Nampoothiri, Sheela; Aftimos, Salim; Mey, Antje; Nair, Lal D V; Begleiter, Michael L; De Bie, Isabelle; Meenakshi, Girish; Murray, Mitzi L; Repetto, Gabriela M; Golabi, Mahin; Blair, Edward; Male, Alison; Giuliano, Fabienne; Kariminejad, Ariana; Newman, William G; Bhaskar, Sanjeev S; Dickerson, Jonathan E; Kerr, Bronwyn; Banka, Siddharth; Giltay, Jacques C; Wieczorek, Dagmar; Tostevin, Anna; Wiszniewska, Joanna; Cheung, Sau Wai; Hennekam, Raoul C; Gibbs, Richard A; Lee, Brendan H; Sisodiya, Sanjay M

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background Deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of unknown cause. We aimed to identify the genetic basis of this syndrome by sequencing most coding exons in affected individuals. Methods Through a search of available case studies and communication with collaborators, we identified families that included at least one individual with at least three of the five main features of the DOORS syndrome: deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability, and seizures. Participants were recruited from 26 centres in 17 countries. Families described in this study were enrolled between Dec 1, 2010, and March 1, 2013. Collaborating physicians enrolling participants obtained clinical information and DNA samples from the affected child and both parents if possible. We did whole-exome sequencing in affected individuals as they were enrolled, until we identified a candidate gene, and Sanger sequencing to confirm mutations. We did expression studies in human fibroblasts from one individual by real-time PCR and western blot analysis, and in mouse tissues by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. Findings 26 families were included in the study. We did exome sequencing in the first 17 enrolled families; we screened for TBC1D24 by Sanger sequencing in subsequent families. We identified TBC1D24 mutations in 11 individuals from nine families (by exome sequencing in seven families, and Sanger sequencing in two families). 18 families had individuals with all five main features of DOORS syndrome, and TBC1D24 mutations were identified in half of these families. The seizure types in individuals with TBC1D24 mutations included generalised tonic-clonic, complex partial, focal clonic, and infantile spasms. Of the 18 individuals with DOORS syndrome from 17 families without TBC1D24 mutations, eight did not have seizures and three did not have deafness. In expression studies, some

  10. Dynamic Test Mechanism of Weapon Cabin’s Door in FL-24 Wind Tunnel%FL-24风洞武器舱舱门动态试验装置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄存栋; 徐来武; 吴继飞; 高鹏

    2014-01-01

    针对先进作战飞机发射或投放武器后,武器舱舱门的高速运动将对周围流场产生强烈干扰的问题,在FL-24风洞中建立了舱门开闭动态模拟试验装置。介绍试验装置的构成,利用舱门和舱内布置的动态及静态压力传感器对如舱门动态载荷特性、舱内气动噪声特性、以及St数变化影响等进行研究,并通过预先分析运动历程,估算驱动舱门所需力矩和电机功率,进行机电系统优化设计,反复调试控制程序,达到舱门转动高速响应、精确定位的目的。试验结果表明:试验装置设计合理,运行可靠,舱门最短开/闭时间约为0.15 s,能够准确模拟舱门高速开闭历程,并可拓展到其他多项试验研究。%Aiming at intense interference on fluid field close to weapon cabin’s door, which takes place before/after launching or injecting of fighting plane’s weapon, a dynamic test mechanism of weapon cabin’s door was established successfully in FL-24 wind tunnel. Constituent of the mechanism is introduced. It was used to research aerodynamic loads of weapon cabin’s door, and aero-acoustic noise of weapon bay, and the influence of theirs with variable St, with dynamic and static pressure sensors that were planted in the door and weapon cavity of the test equipment. The model door can turn responsively and accurately by analysis of rotating process, and calculating of drive torque, and estimate motor power, and optimization design of mechanical-electronic system, and a lot of adjusting on control program. The experimental results indicate that the dynamic test mechanism is designed reasonably and can run reliably. The shortest opening/closing time is about 0.15s of weapon cabin’s door. The system has capacity to simulate opening or closing process of the door precisely. At the same time, more test ability of the mechanism can be expanded.

  11. Characteristics of Buoyancy Driven Natural Ventilation through Horizontal Openings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Zhigang

    and smoke. Air flow through vertical openings has been widely investigated but little is known about the flow in the horizontal openings, especially when they are driven by buoyancy. A literature survey shows that the brine-water system and the scale model are normally used forthe research work of air flow...... through horizontal openings. Two cases of full-scale measurements of buoyancy driven natural ventilation through horizontal openings are performed: one horizontal opening and one horizontal opening combined with one vertical opening. For the case of one horizontal opening, the measurements are made...

  12. Measurements of airtightness of building components using the blower door method - DB Hamm; Bestimmung der Luftdichtheit von einzelnen Gebaeudeteilen mit Hilfe der Blower-Door-Methode - DB Hamm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinrich, H.; Dahlem, K.H.; Rechenbach, O.

    2001-08-24

    The blower door measuring system consisted of a variable frame with airtight foil and integrated speed-controlled blower, a volume flow meter and differential pressure manometer. It was not possible in all cases to generate sufficient volume flow for achieving the desired pressure gradient, both in the atrium and the building as a whole. In these cases, only the volume flow for a pressure gradient was measured. The curve was approximated using typical curves, and an n{sub 50} value was extrapolated which is not a real n{sub 50} value but an estimated value based on the values measured for low pressure gradients. Extensive measurements were carried out on different parts of the building.

  13. Prevalence of Willis-Ekbom disease in rural coastal Ecuador. A two-phase, door-to-door, population-based survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Brutto, Oscar H; Del Brutto, Victor J; Zambrano, Mauricio; Castillo, Pablo R

    2014-09-15

    To estimate the prevalence of Willis-Ekbom disease (WED) in a racially homogeneous population of adults Amerindians living in rural coastal Ecuador, and to assess the reliability of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) questionnaire when used in population-based studies. Two-phase, door-to-door, population-based survey. During Phase I, rural doctors screened all Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years with the IRLSSG questionnaire. In Phase II, neurologists evaluated suspected WED cases and a matched sample of negative individuals. The census identified 665 persons aged ≥40 years. An affirmative response to the questionnaire was obtained in 94 persons. Medical history and neurological examination confirmed the diagnosis of WED in 40 of them. The evaluation of 188 non-suspected individuals revealed no further cases. The questionnaire had a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI, 89% to 100%), a specificity of 78% (95% CI, 72% to 83%), a positive predictive value of 0.43 (95% CI, 0.33 to 0.53), and a negative predictive value of 1 (95% CI, 0.98 to 1). The prevalence of WED in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years was 6%. The prevalence of WED in this adult Ecuadorian population is higher than that reported from most studies conducted in tropical countries, but similar to that found in Brazil. Specificity and positive predictive value of the IRLSSG questionnaire are poor, which reinforces the need for a second phase that should include an expert interview. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. 车用滑移门系统多体运动动力学分析建模%Kinematic and Dynamic Modeling and Analysis of Automobile Sliding Door

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏飞; 王义柏; 郑辉; 来新民

    2013-01-01

    This paper was based on the kinematic and dynamic theory of multi rigid body and firstly,constructed the mathematic model of automobile sliding door system for kinematic analysis with introducing euler quatemion to describe the position and gesture of the rigid links.Further,the dynamic equations were deduced based on the kinematic quasi-steady constrain equations.The dynamic model of the sliding door system was solved under the same original and boundary conditions to get the trace of the center of mass of the sliding door and the acceleration curve during a door opening process.The result was analyzed after the proving of the correctness of the model by a set of software for multi-body dynamic analysis,and the kinematic and dynamic mechanism of the influence of the factors such as the bent rails on the stability of the entire system.The mathematic model had an essential meaning for the engineering design of the automobile sliding door.%基于多刚体运动动力学理论,引入欧拉四元数描述多刚体连杆的位置和姿态,构建了针对车用滑移门系统多体运动学分析的数学模型.基于运动学定常约束方程,导出了滑移门动力学控制方程.应用建立的多刚体动力学模型,对某车型滑移门分别进行了相同初始和边界条件下的模型求解,得到滑移门在一次开启过程中的质心轨迹和加速度曲线.在用多体动力学商用分析软件验证了模型的正确性基础上分析了两组解算结果,揭示了滑移门在运动过程中弯因素影响整体稳定性的运动学和动力学机制.所建立的数学模型对车用滑移门的工程设计具有重要指导意义.

  15. Sandia OpenSHMEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-03-15

    Sandia OpenSHMEM is an implementation of the OpenSHMEM Standard over the Portals 4 Networking API and the OpenFabrics Interface (OFI). Sandia OpenSHMEM is designed to be a low-overhead implementation of the OpenSHMEM standard which takes advantage of the many features of the Portals 4 specification.

  16. Open access, open education resources and open data in Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvo, Ivana Di; Mwoka, Meggie; Kwaga, Teddy; Rukundo, Priscilla Aceng; Ernest, Dennis Ssesanga; Osaheni, Louis Aikoriogie; John, Kasibante; Shafik, Kasirye; de Sousa, Agostinho Moreira

    2015-01-01

    As a follow up to OpenCon 2014, International Federation of Medical Students' Associations (IFMSA) students organized a 3 day workshop Open Access, Open Education Resources and Open Data in Kampala from 15-18 December 2014. One of the aims of the workshop was to engage the Open Access movement in Uganda which encompasses the scientific community, librarians, academia, researchers and students. The IFMSA students held the workshop with the support of: Consortium for Uganda University Libraries (CUUL), The Right to Research Coalition, Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL), Makerere University, International Health Sciences University (IHSU), Pan African Medical Journal (PAMJ) and the Centre for Health Human Rights and Development (CEHURD). All these organizations are based or have offices in Kampala. The event culminated in a meeting with the Science and Technology Committee of Parliament of Uganda in order to receive the support of the Ugandan Members of Parliament and to make a concrete change for Open Access in the country.

  17. Jihadism, Narrow and Wide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sedgwick, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The term “jihadism” is popular, but difficult. It has narrow senses, which are generally valuable, and wide senses, which may be misleading. This article looks at the derivation and use of “jihadism” and of related terms, at definitions provided by a number of leading scholars, and at media usage....... It distinguishes two main groups of scholarly definitions, some careful and narrow, and some appearing to match loose media usage. However, it shows that even these scholarly definitions actually make important distinctions between jihadism and associated political and theological ideology. The article closes...

  18. Open DOAR the Directory of Open Access Repositories

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2005-01-01

    The last year has seen wide-spread growth in the idea of using open access repositories as a part of a research institution's accepted infrastructure. Policy development from institutions and funding bodies has also supported the growth of the repository network. The next stage of expansion will be in the provision of services and cross-repository facilities and resources. Of course, it is hoped that these will then establish a feed-back loop to encourage repository population and further repository establishment, as the potential of open access to research materials is realised. The growth of repositories has been organic, with a variety of different repositories based in departments, institutions, funding agencies or subject communities, with a range of content, both in type and subject. Existing repositories are expanding their holdings, from eprints to associated research data-sets, or with learning objects and multimedia material. This presentation will look at the development of the Directory of Open Ac...

  19. The use of wide-mesh gauze impregnated with lambda-cyhalothrin covering wall openings in huts as a vector control method in Suriname Uso de tela de malha larga impregnada com lamba-cyhalotrina como método de controle vetorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaco Voorham

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available An alternative vector control method, using lambda-cyhalothrin impregnated wide-mesh gauze covering openings in the walls of the houses was developed in an area in the Eastern part of the interior of Suriname. Experimental hut observations showed that Anopheles darlingi greatly reduced their biting activity (99-100% during the first 5 months after impregnation. A model assay showed high mortality both of mosquitoes repelled by the gauze as well as of those that succeeded in getting through it. A field application test in 270 huts showed good acceptance by the population and good durability of the applied gauze. After introducing the method in the entire working area, replacing DDT residual housespraying, the malaria prevalence, of 25-37% before application dropped and stabilized at between 5 and 10% within one year. The operational costs were less than those of the previously used DDT housespraying program, due to a 50% reduction in the cost of materials used. The method using widemesh gauze impregnated with lambdacyhalothrin strongly affects the behavior of An. darlingi. It is important to examine the effect of the method on malaria transmission further, since data indirectly obtained suggest substantial positive results.Foi desenvolvido, na parte oriental do interior do Suriname um método alternativo de controle antivetorial, usando uma tela de malha larga impregnada com lambda-cyhalotrina, cobrindo as aberturas das paredes das casas. Observações com casas experimentais mostraram uma redução de picadas muita alta (99% de Anopheles darlingi durante os primeiros 5 meses após a impregnação. Um ensaio mostrou alta mortalidade dos mosquitos, repelidos ao tentar passar pelo tule, além daqueles que conseguiram passar. A aplicação no campo revelou resultados promissores deste método de controle antivetorial, boa aprovação da população e baixos custos operacionais em relação à borrifação residual com DDT.

  20. Open heart surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heart surgery - open ... lung machine is used in most cases during open heart surgery. While the surgeon works on the ... with these procedures, the surgeon may have to open the chest to do the surgery.

  1. Apraxia of lid opening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jebasingh Y

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Apraxia of lid opening is a condition where patients do not have ptosis but have difficulty in overcoming levator palpebrae inhibition. We report a patient who presented with difficulty in opening eyelids with out diurnal variation, ptosis or blepharospasm. The diagnosis of Apraxia of lid opening is confirmed by electro physiology. The possibility of apraxia of lid opening should be considered in patients who present with difficulty in opening eyes. Various causes of Apraxia of lid opening are discussed.

  2. Sliding doors

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    "Is the universe - correction: 'our' universe - no more than a speck of cosmic dust amid an infinite number of parallel worlds? A staple of mind-bending science fiction, the possibility of multiple universes has long intrigued hard-nosed physicists, mathematicians and cosmologists too."

  3. Wide Band Artificial Pulsar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Zackary

    2017-01-01

    The Wide Band Artificial Pulsar (WBAP) is an instrument verification device designed and built by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virgina. The site currently operates the Green Bank Ultimate Pulsar Processing Instrument (GUPPI) and the Versatile Green Bank Astronomical Spectrometer (VEGAS) digital backends for their radio telescopes. The commissioning and continued support for these sophisticated backends has demonstrated a need for a device capable of producing an accurate artificial pulsar signal. The WBAP is designed to provide a very close approximation to an actual pulsar signal. This presentation is intended to provide an overview of the current hardware and software implementations and to also share the current results from testing using the WBAP.

  4. 中国木门加工设备发展概况%Development Situation of China’s Wooden Door Processing Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐英杰; 王爽; 杨印桐

    2013-01-01

    The developing course of Chinese wooden door is introduced, the wooden door manufacturing equipment is stated, and the insufficiencies existing in the standardization and inspection work of the wooden door industry are pointed out.%介绍了中国木门的发展历程及木门加工设备的概况,指出了木门行业标准化及检测工作存在的不足。

  5. Reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defect after malignancy excision: revolving-door flap versus full-thickness skin graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessy, Luca Andrea; Figus, Andrea; Fioramonti, Paolo; Mazzocchi, Marco; Scuderi, Nicolò

    2010-05-01

    Skin tumours of the anterior auricular concha are not uncommon. Wider excision and immediate reconstruction are required to reduce the risks of recurrence of the disease, cartilage infection and external ear distortion. Many surgical methods have been described for reconstruction of conchal defects. Post-auricular island flaps, such as the revolving-door (RD) flap, and full-thickness skin grafts (FTSGs) are the most-performed procedures. Although the RD flap has been fully described, it is not widely accepted and many surgeons, in their daily practice, prefer to use FTSG. It is a common experience that FTSGs are more subjected to centripetal contraction, decreasing the structural firmness of the conchal cavity and affecting functional and aesthetic outcomes. Furthermore, FTSGs are more prone to delay in wound healing due to the difficult access to this region that hinders adequate tie-over dressings. Between March 2003 and January 2007, 40 patients affected by T1 and T2 non-melanotic skin cancer and T1 melanoma of the anterior conchal surface of the external ear were included in a prospective study and randomly assigned to the RD reconstructed group or to the FTSG reconstructed group to investigate, compare and define advantages and disadvantages of both the techniques. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the overall outcome and the colour and texture match. No flap or skin graft total loss was observed. Six patients (30%) showed partial failure of FTSG. The RD group demonstrated excellent cosmetic outcome, ideal colour match, adequate structure of external ear, projection and shape. Wilcoxon matched-pairs rank-sum test demonstrated statistically significant higher scores for the RD group compared to the FTSG group (p<0.0001). The RD harvesting technique is easy and quicker than the FTSG technique. RD flap should be considered as the first choice for reconstruction of anterior auricular conchal defects following wider excision of skin tumours.

  6. Open Source Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Bulusu, Lakshman

    2012-01-01

    Open Source Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence is an all-in-one reference for developing open source based data warehousing (DW) and business intelligence (BI) solutions that are business-centric, cross-customer viable, cross-functional, cross-technology based, and enterprise-wide. Considering the entire lifecycle of an open source DW & BI implementation, its comprehensive coverage spans from basic concepts all the way through to customization. Highlighting the key differences between open source and vendor DW and BI technologies, the book identifies end-to-end solutions that are scala

  7. The Great War and All That in A Hundred Doors by Michael Longley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Delattre

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Great War has featured regularly in Michael Longley’s poetry, for personal, family, aesthetic and political reasons. His collection published in 2011 under the title A Hundred Doors contains a number of poems relating to his father and the so-called War Poets, in connection with others in which love and nature, life and death are also dominant themes. This article will show how, as elsewhere in his poetry, everything is interrelated, “the nature poetry”, in Longley’s words, “fertilizing the war poetry”.

  8. Dynamic simulation of road vehicle door window regulator mechanism of cross arm type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miklos, I. Zs; Miklos, C.; Alic, C.

    2017-01-01

    The paper presents issues related to the dynamic simulation of a motor-drive operating mechanism of cross arm type, for the manipulation of road vehicle door windows, using Autodesk Inventor Professional software. The dynamic simulation of the mechanism involves a 3D modelling, kinematic coupling, drive motion parameters and external loads, as well as the graphically view of the kinematic and kinetostatic results for the various elements and kinematic couplings of the mechanism, under real operating conditions. Also, based on the results, the analysis of the mechanism components has been carried out using the finite element method.

  9. Numerical Simulation of Projection Welding Processes for Door Hinge of Automobile Based on Coupled Fields Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Chang-ming; LUO Ai-hui; CHEN Guan-long

    2007-01-01

    Projection welding is a variation of electric resistance welding with the dynamic changes of the flow paths for heat and electrical properties with changing temperature caused by the large plastic deformation collapse of projection. As the joint type between the auto door hinge and the inner plate, projection welding may bring welding distortions and would affect the assembly quality of auto body. A comprehensive electric-thermal-mechanical numerical simulation was performed to quantitatively simulate the processes of projection welding by using a coupled finite element method. The mechanism of projection collapse and the formation process of nugget were discussed and good conclusions have been achieved comparing with the test results.

  10. [Community mental health networks and doors at a Health and Community Center (CeSAC No 24) in the south of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corin, Marcela

    2013-01-01

    The history of the Health and Community Center (CeSAC) No 24 began 21 years ago in the Ramón Carrillo district, in Villa Soldati neighborhood. This is a marginal urban area in the south of the CABA with a population with urgent needs. The work started with a group of professionals dealing with primary care practices, and it continues up to the present. The goal of our community mental health project is the creation of spaces for prevention and well-being including art in all its expressions, with the active participation of neighbors in the coordination of many activities. Through the symbolic opening of doors and making networks visible, we opened the CeSAC to universities, scientific societies, foundations, NGOs, neighbor committees, neighborhood boards, human rights organizations, formal and informal education centers, cultural centers, churches, community radios, in order to show the vital movements of the community, as we -as a team- are an integral part of it. Our spaces, workshops and programs are a collective socio-historical construction that achieves milestones such as thinking, thinking of us, getting together and achieving the participation from the community and the continuous training for everybody working and living in Soldati. The decentralization and democratization trend, and the heterarchical management of our organization favors the possibility of catalyzing the wishes, motivations and efforts of the healthcare team, neighbors and network nodes, thus benefiting the creative work that turns a dream into a hopeful reality.

  11. The Openness of the University of the Philippines Open University: Issues and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fe Villamejor-Mendoza

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a self-reflection on the state of openness of the University of the Philippines Open University (UPOU. An exploratory and descriptive study, it aims not only to define the elements of openness of UPOU, but also to unravel the causes and solutions to the issues and concerns that limit its options to becoming a truly open university. It is based on four parameters of openness, which are widely universal in the literature, e.g., open admissions, open curricula, distance education at scale, and the co-creation, sharing and use of open educational resources (OER. It draws from the perception survey among peers, which the author conducted in UPOU in July and August 2012. It also relies on relevant secondary materials on the subject.

  12. How open innovation can help you cope in lean times.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesbrough, Henry W; Garman, Andrew R

    2009-12-01

    A recession often forces you to cut R&D as you refocus on your core. But innovation need not go by the wayside. By placing certain assets and projects outside your walls, you can actually preserve opportunities for future growth while you shore up the fortress. Chesbrough, of Haas School of Business, and Garman, of New Venture Partners, identify five strategic moves that open the door to innovation by, ironically, letting it out of the house. Some inside-out moves permit outside firms to invest in and develop your projects; others call for spinning off projects as separate ventures that still allow you to retain some equity. Whatever the specific approach, you can meet the inherent cultural and organizational challenges of inside-out open innovation by approaching it holistically and placing it under the leadership of senior executives in strategic roles.

  13. CAPS OpenACC Compilers: Performance and Portability

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    The announcement late 2011 of the new OpenACC directive-based programming standard supported by CAPS, CRAY and PGI compilers has open up the door to more scientific applications that can be ported on many-core systems. Following a porting methodology, this talk will first review the principles of programming with OpenACC and then the advanced features available in the CAPS compilers to further optimize OpenACC applications: library integration, tuning directives with auto-tune mechanisms to build applications adaptive to different GPUs. CAPS compilers use hardware vendors' backends such as NVIDIA CUDA and OpenCL making them the only OpenACC compilers supporting various many-core architectures. About the speaker Stéphane Bihan is co-funder and currently Director of Sales and Marketing at CAPS enterprise. He has held several R&D positions in companies such as ARC international plc in London, Canon Research Center France, ACE compiler experts in Amsterdam and the INRIA r...

  14. Geology and ground water in Door County, Wisconsin, with emphasis on contamination potential in the Silurian Dolomite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrill, Marvin G.

    1978-01-01

    Door County is in northeastern Wisconsin and is an area of 491 square miles. The county forms the main body of the peninsula between Green Bay and Lake Michigan. The land surface is an upland ridge controlled by the underlying bedrock. The west edge of the ridge forms an escarpment facing Green Bay. Silurian dolomite is the upper bedrock unit throughout most of the county and is the most important aquifer. This bedrock is exposed in much of the county, particularly north of Sturgeon Bay; elsewhere, it is covered by a generally thin mantle of soil or drift. The bedrock units are divided into two major aquifer systems in Door County; the Silurian dolomite aquifer system and the sandstone aquifer system, consisting of Ordovician and Cambrian bedrock units. These two major systems are separated by the Maquoketa Shale of Ordovician age, a nearly impermeable, generally nonproductive unit. The Silurian dolomite aquifer system is itself divided into the Niagaran aquifer and the underlying Alexandrian aquifer. Water occurs in the Silurian dolomite aquifer system in two types of openings-nearly vertical joints (fractures) and horizontal to slightly dipping bedding-plane joints. Vertical joints are more common in the upper part of the Niagaran aquifer. These yield small amounts of water to wells. Bedding-plane joints transmit most of the water in the lower part of the Niagaran aquifer and in the Alexandrian aquifer. The bedding-plane joints, because they are poorly interconnected, act as semiartesian conduits separated by impermeable rock. Eight water-bearing zones in generally continuous bedding-plane joints have been mapped. The dolomite is recharged from direct precipitation and snowmelt. It discharges water to pumping wells and by natural springs discharge to Lake Michigan and Green Bay and to interior lakes and streams. Wells in the Silurian dolomite aquifer system have adequate yields to meet most needs, except in the southwest corner of the county, where the dolomite

  15. Widely tunable edge emitters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarlet, Gert; Wesstrom, Jan-Olof; Rigole, Pierre-Jean; Broberg, Bjoern

    2001-11-01

    We will present the current state-of-the-art in widely tunable edge emitting lasers for WDM applications. Typical applications for a tunable laser will be discussed, and the different types of tunable lasers available today will be compared with respect to the requirements posed by these applications. We will focus on the DBR-type tunable lasers - DBR, SG-DBR and GCSR - which at present seem to be the only tunable lasers mature enough for real-life applications. Their main advantages are that they are all monolithic, with no moving parts, and can be switched from one frequency to the other very rapidly since the tuning is based on carrier injection and not on thermal or mechanical changes. We will briefly discuss the working principle of each of these devices, and present typical performance characteristics. From a manufacturing point of view, rapid characterization of the lasers is crucial; therefore an overview will be given of different characterization schemes that have recently been proposed. For the end user, reliability is the prime issue. We will show results of degradation studies on these lasers and outline how the control electronics that drive the laser can compensate for any frequency drift. Finally, we will also discuss the impact of the requirement for rapid frequency switching on the design of the control electronics.

  16. Glaucoma, Open-Angle

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Programs Home > Statistics and Data > Glaucoma, Open-angle Glaucoma, Open-angle Open-angle Glaucoma Defined In open-angle glaucoma, the fluid passes ... 2010 2010 U.S. Age-Specific Prevalence Rates for Glaucoma by Age and Race/Ethnicity The prevalence of ...

  17. JISC Open Access Briefing Paper

    OpenAIRE

    Swan, Alma

    2005-01-01

    What Open Access is. What Open Access is not. How is Open Access provided? Open Access archives or repositories. Open Access journals. Why should authors provide Open Access to their work? Further information and resources

  18. JISC Open Access Briefing Paper

    OpenAIRE

    Swan, Alma

    2005-01-01

    What Open Access is. What Open Access is not. How is Open Access provided? Open Access archives or repositories. Open Access journals. Why should authors provide Open Access to their work? Further information and resources

  19. DOORS to the semantic web and grid with a PORTAL for biomedical computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taswell, Carl

    2008-03-01

    The semantic web remains in the early stages of development. It has not yet achieved the goals envisioned by its founders as a pervasive web of distributed knowledge and intelligence. Success will be attained when a dynamic synergism can be created between people and a sufficient number of infrastructure systems and tools for the semantic web in analogy with those for the original web. The domain name system (DNS), web browsers, and the benefits of publishing web pages motivated many people to register domain names and publish web sites on the original web. An analogous resource label system, semantic search applications, and the benefits of collaborative semantic networks will motivate people to register resource labels and publish resource descriptions on the semantic web. The Domain Ontology Oriented Resource System (DOORS) and Problem Oriented Registry of Tags and Labels (PORTAL) are proposed as infrastructure systems for resource metadata within a paradigm that can serve as a bridge between the original web and the semantic web. The Internet Registry Information Service (IRIS) registers [corrected] domain names while DNS publishes domain addresses with mapping of names to addresses for the original web. Analogously, PORTAL registers resource labels and tags while DOORS publishes resource locations and descriptions with mapping of labels to locations for the semantic web. BioPORT is proposed as a prototype PORTAL registry specific for the problem domain of biomedical computing.

  20. Integrated AHP-TRIZ Innovation Method for Automotive Door Panel Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.U.Rosli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is intended to improve the ‘Theory of Inventive Problem Solving’ TRIZ methodology by integrating with the Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM tool; Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. This integration works as a support tool to assist the TRIZ practitioners or design engineers. AHP is employed to rank ideas generated by TRIZ in order to select the most ideal idea further to next stages. This integration was analyzed and validated by a study case of door panel of a sedan car. Both front and rear door panels are covered in this study. A survey of interior’s problems and customer’s preferences had been conducted in order to identify the criteria and weights for AHPevaluation processes. Basically, there were 10 ideas triggered by TRIZ contradiction and principle approach. The ideas were refined and ranked through AHP’s Expert Choice software. Several ideas hadbeen combined and finalized as one ideal improved design. Applying AHP into problem solving method of TRIZ results in avoiding cost waste and increasing the design efficiency during the product design and development processes.