WorldWideScience

Sample records for donne son avis

  1. Avis 8 sur les enjeux éthiques et déontologiques du partage et de la gestion des données issues de la recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement

    2016-01-01

    Le partage des données de la recherche désigne la mise à disposition sur le réseau informatique mondial (Internet), d’enregistrements factuels sous forme numérique (selon le contexte : résultats d’expériences, observations de terrain, résultats d’enquêtes, images, etc.), collectés pour être analysés dans le cadre d’un travail de recherche. [br/] Cette initiative a pour objectif premier d’accroître la transparence de la démarche scientifique, un mouvement dénommé « science ouverte ». Cette ...

  2. Avi Benjamin toob Saatana Tallinna / Avi Benjamin ; interv. Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benjamin, Avi

    2004-01-01

    Eesti päritolu Iisraeli helilooja Avi Benjamini (Nedzvetski) muusikal "Saatan Moskvas" etendub Estonia kontsertsaalis. Projektist lähemalt. Lisaks sõnum "Tallinn-Moskva-Tel Aviv" helilooja töödest neis linnades

  3. John Donne no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Garcez Ghirardi

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O leitor fica sem saber a troco do que John Donne lhe surge de repente, num virar de página, e através de períodos que parecem responder a uma pergunta que não foi formulada.(... Ninguém, nem o Sr. Afrânio Coutinho falara, até então, de John Donne,(.... Simplesmente, esse trecho, como inúmeros outros (quase todos do livro, revela que leituras apaixonantes obrigaram o professor Afrânio Coutinho a tomar em seu caderno alguns apontamentos eruditos. (MARTINS 1983 vol.I:621

  4. Méthodes d'analyse/synthèse et représentations optimales des sons musicaux basées sur la réduction de données spectrales

    OpenAIRE

    Rochebois , Thierry

    1997-01-01

    This thesis introduces a method that allows systematic reduction of data representing musical sounds. This method and its variants allows fast and dynamic synthesis of musical sounds.; Les applications de l'analyse et de la synthèse des sons musicaux sont primordiales a l'heure du multimédia. Nous présentons une méthode permettant d'analyser et de synthétiser les sons musicaux. Cette méthode, illustrée au chapitre 2, se décompose en trois étapes. La première repose sur une analyse spectrale p...

  5. John Donne no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Garcez Ghirardi

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2003n45p77 O leitor fica sem saber a troco do que John Donne lhe surge de repente, num virar de página, e através de períodos que parecem responder a uma pergunta que não foi formulada.(... Ninguém, nem o Sr. Afrânio Coutinho falara, até então, de John Donne,(.... Simplesmente, esse trecho, como inúmeros outros (quase todos do livro, revela que leituras apaixonantes obrigaram o professor Afrânio Coutinho a tomar em seu caderno alguns apontamentos eruditos. (MARTINS 1983 vol.I:621

  6. John Donne no Brasil John Donne no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Garcez Ghirardi

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O leitor fica sem saber a troco do que John Donne lhe surge de repente, num virar de página, e através de períodos que parecem responder a uma pergunta que não foi formulada.(... Ninguém, nem o Sr. Afrânio Coutinho falara, até então, de John Donne,(.... Simplesmente, esse trecho, como inúmeros outros (quase todos do livro, revela que leituras apaixonantes obrigaram o professor Afrânio Coutinho a tomar em seu caderno alguns apontamentos eruditos. (MARTINS 1983 vol.I: 621 A citação acima, extraída de um artigo de Wilson Martins (in O Estado de São Paulo, 25/02/54, ilustra bem a posição reservada a John Donne, até então, por aqueles que, no Brasil, se dedicavam aos estudos de literatura. “A troco do que” - perguntava o autor - deveria ser o leitor de Correntes Cruzadas confrontado com o nome de Donne? Quem, até aquele momento, dele se ocupara? Ninguém, respondia o erudito articulista (nem mesmo o Sr. Afrânio Coutinho, embora reconhecendo que o nome do poeta pudesse ter sido fonte de algumas “leituras apaixonantes” . Interessava-lhe apontar enfaticamente, porém, que a lembrança de Donne surgia de maneira gratuita, desligada de qualquer argumentação ou contexto que a preparas se ou justificasse. Não apenas Afrânio Coutinho silenciara sobre a obra de Donne em seu livro; ninguém, de fato, havia, até aquele momento, dedicado, ao poeta, qualquer atenção mais demorada. Curiosamente, o próprio artigo, assim como o livro nele discutido, atestava, no entanto, que o esquecimento do nome de Donne estava por findar.

  7. AVIS: analysis method for document coherence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henry, J.Y.; Elsensohn, O.

    1994-06-01

    The present document intends to give a short insight into AVIS, a method which permits to verify the quality of technical documents. The paper includes the presentation of the applied approach based on the K.O.D. method, the definition of quality criteria of a technical document, as well as a description of the means of valuating these criteria. (authors). 9 refs., 2 figs

  8. Un outil de prise de données sur une image numérisée et son utilité dans les études relatives aux poissons : exemple d'une application concrète en morphométrie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAGNES P.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available Une configuration informatique polyvalente en analyse d'images est présentée. L'accent est mis sur une application morphométrique par l'intermédiaire d'un exemple concret chez les poissons, d'où ressortent les principales qualités du dispositif, soit la précision et la rapidité de collecte et de stockage des données. Des applications possibles de cet outil à des domaines d'étude précis sont également suggérées.

  9. Discovery and Early Development of AVI-7537 and AVI-7288 for the Treatment of Ebola Virus and Marburg Virus Infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sina Bavari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available There are no currently approved treatments for filovirus infections. In this study we report the discovery process which led to the development of antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomers (PMOs AVI-6002 (composed of AVI-7357 and AVI-7539 and AVI-6003 (composed of AVI-7287 and AVI-7288 targeting Ebola virus and Marburg virus respectively. The discovery process involved identification of optimal transcript binding sites for PMO based RNA-therapeutics followed by screening for effective viral gene target in mouse and guinea pig models utilizing adapted viral isolates. An evolution of chemical modifications were tested, beginning with simple Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomers (PMO transitioning to cell penetrating peptide conjugated PMOs (PPMO and ending with PMOplus containing a limited number of positively charged linkages in the PMO structure. The initial lead compounds were combinations of two agents targeting separate genes. In the final analysis, a single agent for treatment of each virus was selected, AVI-7537 targeting the VP24 gene of Ebola virus and AVI-7288 targeting NP of Marburg virus, and are now progressing into late stage clinical development as the optimal therapeutic candidates.

  10. Discovery and early development of AVI-7537 and AVI-7288 for the treatment of Ebola virus and Marburg virus infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iversen, Patrick L; Warren, Travis K; Wells, Jay B; Garza, Nicole L; Mourich, Dan V; Welch, Lisa S; Panchal, Rekha G; Bavari, Sina

    2012-11-06

    There are no currently approved treatments for filovirus infections. In this study we report the discovery process which led to the development of antisense Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomers (PMOs) AVI-6002 (composed of AVI-7357 and AVI-7539) and AVI-6003 (composed of AVI-7287 and AVI-7288) targeting Ebola virus and Marburg virus respectively. The discovery process involved identification of optimal transcript binding sites for PMO based RNA-therapeutics followed by screening for effective viral gene target in mouse and guinea pig models utilizing adapted viral isolates. An evolution of chemical modifications were tested, beginning with simple Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomers (PMO) transitioning to cell penetrating peptide conjugated PMOs (PPMO) and ending with PMOplus containing a limited number of positively charged linkages in the PMO structure. The initial lead compounds were combinations of two agents targeting separate genes. In the final analysis, a single agent for treatment of each virus was selected, AVI-7537 targeting the VP24 gene of Ebola virus and AVI-7288 targeting NP of Marburg virus, and are now progressing into late stage clinical development as the optimal therapeutic candidates.

  11. 75 FR 29427 - Safety Zone; AVI May Fireworks Display, Laughlin, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... Colorado River, Laughlin, NV, in support of a fireworks display near the AVI Resort and Casino. This safety... AVI Resort and Casino is sponsoring the AVI May fireworks display, which is to be held at the AVI Resort and Casino on the Lower Colorado River in Laughlin, Nevada. A temporary safety zone is necessary...

  12. Desiring the death-of-the-death. Michelangelo (madrigal n.118), Shakespeare (son. 146), Donne (sacred son. X)

    OpenAIRE

    Ida Campeggiani

    2013-01-01

    Michelangelo wrote two versions of the madrigal n. 118; the second one transforms the meaning of the first from the profane to the sacred, with minor variants. Both are included in the archive of texts known as ‘canzoniere’. An analysis of the two shows Michelangelo’s intention to introduce private drives in his work, taking care, though, of creating a framework within which to absorb those subversive aspects the prevailing morality would have rejected. Buonarroti uses the topos of the lover’...

  13. Academic Visual Identity (AVI): An Act of Symbolic Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masiki, Trent

    2011-01-01

    Extensive scholarship exists on both symbolic leadership and corporate visual identity (CVI), yet little scholarly attention has been focused on the intersection of these two bodies of knowledge. In the field of education, that intersection is known as academic visual identity (AVI). The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that AVI…

  14. The poetics of Francisco Pino, rare avis in Spanish poetry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermans, Hub.

    Francisco Pino (1910-2002) can be considered as a "rara avis" in Spanish poetry. Having published dozens of books rather anonymously, and generally with small private presses, he began publishing through more renowned publishing companies in 1978. His various new editions, anthologies and editions

  15. À chacun son puzzle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Noël Ferrié

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le texte soutient que le « tournant naturaliste » que l’on nous invite à négocier ne donne aucun moyen supplémentaire pour parvenir à une description perspicace de ce que les gens font dans des circonstances précises, l’existence humaine pouvant être considérée comme une collection de circonstances précises. Sans doute le naturalisme nous permet-il de comprendre comment certaines actions humaines sont possibles, mais cela ne nous dit pas pourquoi et comment elles font sens pour tout un chacun. La méthodologie nécessaire pour éclaircir le premier point obscurcit généralement le second. Le mieux est donc de considérer que les deux approches ne vont pas de pair. Ce point de vue est soutenu à partir d’exemple tirés de l’anthropologie de la religion.To each one his puzzle. For a serene methodological pluralismThe text argues that the « naturalistic turn » that we are invited to negotiate does not give any additional means to achieve an insightful description of what people do in specific circumstances, and human existence can be considered as a collection of specific circumstances. Probably naturalism allows us to understand how some human actions are possible, but that does not tell us why and how they make sense for everyone. The methodology needed to clarify the first point usually obscures the second one. The best way is to consider that the two approaches do not go together. The text supports this view from an example drawn from the anthropology of religion.A cada uno su rompecabezas. En favor de un pluralismo metodológico serenoEl texto argumenta que la inflexión naturalista a la que se nos invita a participar no proporciona ningún medio suplementario que desemboque en una descripción perspicaz de lo que la gente hace en circunstancias concretas ya que la existencia humana puede ser considerada como una concatenación de circunstancias concretas. Sin duda el naturalismo nos permite comprender como son

  16. William L. Donn 1918-1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedzelman, Stanley David

    William L. Donn, Professor Emeritus of the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, City College of New York, and Special Research Scientist at Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (LDGO) of Columbia University (Palisades, N.Y.), died at his home on June 30, 1987, at the age of 69. Bill demonstrated expertise in a wide range of fields, with a highly productive and creative research and writing career that included geology, oceanography, climatology, atmospheric physics, and meteorology.Donn was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., on March 2, 1918. At the tender age of 10 years, he demonstrated his love and talent for science by building a telescope with his brother, Bertram. During his undergraduate years at Brooklyn College, he switched his major from astronomy to geology. He was largely selftrained in both meteorology and oceanography, serving as head of the Meteorology Section, U.S. Merchant Marine Academy during World War II . One by-product of these years was the textbook Meteorology—With Marine Applications, first published in 1946. This widely adopted text became a standard for a generation of mariners and college students.

  17. Introduzione. Donne che portano la parrucca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Mattalucci-Yılmaz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Peruk takan kadınlar è l’opera che nel 1999 l’artista e cineasta turco Kutlug Ataman ha presentato alla Biennale di Venezia curata da Harald Szeemann. Quattro schermi giustapposti proiettano le testimonianze di donne che, per un periodo della loro vita, hanno portato una parrucca: un’attivista politica di sinistra che nel 1971, dopo il colpo di stato militare, utilizzava un nome in codice, una divisa delle Turkish Airlines e una parrucca per sfuggire al controllo della polizia; una giornalista, colpita da un tumore al seno, che ha portato una parrucca per mascherare gli effetti della chemioterapia; una studentessa musulmana che indossa una parrucca per frequentare l’università, in un contesto – quello turco – che in nome della laicità dello Stato, interdice l’uso nel foulard nelle scuole, nelle università e nella pubblica amministrazione; e infine un transessuale.

  18. Chiasmus as a Stylistic Device in Donne's and Vaughan's Poetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    I'jam, Dunya Muhammad Miqdad; Fadhil, Zahraa Adnan

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates chiasmus as a stylistic device in ten metaphysical poems (five for John Donne and five for Henry Vaughan). It aims at showing how both, Donne and Vaughan, utilize chiasmus at the different linguistic levels as a stylistic device in their poetry. Thus, to achieve this aim, it is hypothesized that chiasmus as used by Donne…

  19. 75 FR 20799 - Safety Zone; AVI July Fireworks Display, Laughlin, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... Casino. This safety zone is necessary to provide for the safety of the participants, crew, spectators..., Laughlin, NV. The fireworks show is being sponsored by AVI Resort and Casino. The safety zone would be set... all navigable waters within 800 feet of the firing location adjacent to the AVI Resort and Casino...

  20. Lecture de données depuis un SAN pour générer un flot de données haut débit via un FPGA

    CERN Document Server

    Lemouzy, Benjamin; Mesnard, E

    2010-01-01

    Pour tester son réseau et ses protocoles lors de l’arrêt des expériences, le CERN dispose d’un injecteur de données logiciel 1$Gb.s^{-1}$. Le but de mon stage a été de développer un injecteur de données matériel sur FPGA capable de lire les données sur un SAN. Cet injecteur envoie des données à 10 $Gb.s^{-1}$. J’ai alors dû : - développer un module ATA over Ethernet pour lire les données sur une partition en FAT32 sur le SAN, - intégrer l’IP Ethernet 10 $Gb.s^{-1}$ pour pouvoir ensuite connecter le FPGA via des connecteurs HSMC ou SFP+, - créer d’autres couches réseau comme ARP, ICMP ou IP.

  1. rAvis: an R-package for downloading information stored in Proyecto AVIS, a citizen science bird project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, Sara; González-Hernández, Javier; Casabella, Eduardo; Barrientos, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R). Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com), a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc.) and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.). This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years.

  2. Propuesta para disminuir la temperatura en la cabina del avión T-90 Calima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Fabián Cedeño Niño

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La temperatura es un factor importante en el momento de realizar una labor; sí la sensación térmica no es agradable, un trabajo sencillo puede transformase en un trabajo complicado, donde se puede exponer la integridad de la persona. En las aeronaves de entrenamiento los pilotos no son ajenos a los inconvenientes de la exposición a una temperatura elevada generada por radiación solar, equipos, entre otros. Al incluir un sistema de refrigeración a la cabina de entrenamiento de la aeronave ésta se ve afectada en características como equilibrio, mayor consumo de combustible, disminución de la eficiencia debido al aumento de peso. En este artículo, se proponen tres formas de disminuir la temperatura en la cabina del avión T-90, en las diferentes fases de vuelo, que consisten en implementar tomas y salidas de aire, utilizar una película térmica para la cabina y desarrollar un dispositivo que permita la circulación de aire en la fase previa al despegue.

  3. “Il Risorgimento in scena. Le donne in mostra”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Muollo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Questo paper nasce in seguito alla raccolta dei lavori del convegno “IL RISORGIMENTO IN SCENA. LE DONNE IN MOSTRA”. Ciascuna delle tre giornate che hannoarticolato il convegno, sono dedicate al protagonismo femminile nel Risorgimento, rappresentate dal cinema, dalla danza e dall’ arte. Le arti figurative e sceniche hanno saputo, forse meglio dei libri, preservare la memoria delle donne che hanno fatto l’Italia.

  4. Producción de biocombustible de avión a partir de residuos agroindustriales a través de una plataforma de furfural

    OpenAIRE

    Aristizábal Marulanda, Valentina

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis es el diseño y análisis del proceso para obtener etanol y combustible para avión o bioaditivos para combustible a través de una plataforma de furfural a partir de biomasa lignocelulósica. La caracterización composicional de todas las materias primas usadas se realizó. Los rendimientos de los procedimientos experimentales son obtenidos en la producción de etanol, compuestos furanos y derivados usando cascarilla de arroz, bagazo de caña y zoca de café como materias pri...

  5. Avi Benjamin vahetas labajalavaltseri sünagoogimuusika vastu / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Juuditemaatikat käsitlevatest filmidest : Steven Spielbergi mängufilm "München" ("Munich"), Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005; dokumentaalfilm "Su nimi olgu Iisrael", režissöör Peeter Brambat, Adel TV 2004, Maiju Ingmani muusikaline portreefilm "Tagasitulek koju" Eesti päritolu Iisraeli heliloojast ja pianistist Avi Nedzvetskist (Iisraelis tuntud kui Avi Benjamin), Adel TV, 2007. Kahe viimase filmi käsikiri Irina Stelmachilt

  6. I diritti delle donne: strumenti per l’uso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caterina Arcidiacono

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abbiamo ritenuto utile riportare documenti, leggi, regolamenti e dispositivi che agiscono per il riconoscimento e l’affermazione dei diritti delle donne fornendo alcuni link che permettono l’accesso alla documentazione originale accompagnati da un breve commento descrittivo. Il rapporto sull’ineguaglianza tra uomini e donne (Gender Gap Index, la Convenzione sull’eliminazione di ogni forma di discriminazione verso le donne (CEDAW, il Rapporto della Commissione Europea sull’eguaglianza tra uomini e donne e alcuni documenti di monitoraggio delle politiche istituzionali redatti da organismi di base quali l’Afem, la Euromedcivil platform e la REMDH sono pilastri per comprendere le politiche del tempo presente.Abbiamo poi voluto effettuare una breve sintesi di documenti e trattati che fondano la posizione delle donne nella società europea contemporanea. Infine, abbiamo ritenuto utile descrivere le istituzioni italiane per la parità introducendo funzioni e compiti della figura della Consigliera di parità e del lavoro che svolge.

  7. Son, Sent, and Servant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Truls Åkerlund

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study challenges the claim that Jesus is the archetypical servant leader as described in contempo-rary leadership literature. Based on a theological reading of the Fourth Gospel, the paper suggests that, as a servant, Jesus cannot be understood apart from his mission and obedience to God. Consequently, Jesus was not primarily a servant leader but rather the Son who was sent to the world to enact the Fa-ther’s will. In this regard, the Fourth Gospel provides a unique perspective that is barely noted in the current discourse on servant leadership modelled on the example of Christ. Although certain aspects of servant leadership theory correspond to John’s portrayal of Jesus, the study concludes that other de-scriptions of him as a servant leader suffer from a one-sided and reductionist Christology. Implications of this view for Christian ministry are briefly sketched out.

  8. L'avis d'ouverture de chantier informatisé un moyen de prévention et de management

    CERN Document Server

    Jacot, C; Symons, L; CERN. Geneva. ST Division

    2003-01-01

    L’instruction de sécurité IS 39 stipule que les travaux exécutés par des entreprises sur le domaine du CERN doivent faire l’objet d’un Avis d’Ouverture de Chantier (AOC) rédigé par le superviseur des travaux avant le démarrage de ceux-ci, dans le but d’attirer l’attention sur les risques et les nuisances qu’ils peuvent engendrer pour les usagers dans la zone de travaux. A cet effet, un groupe de travail a spécifié une version informatisée du document AOC sur EDH afin d’en faciliter la saisie, la visualisation ainsi que la gestion et l’archivage ; à cela s’ajoutent la description des risques et mesures préventives possibles, la consultation des différentes bases de données CFU (Contract Follow Up), du patrimoine immobilier et finalement toutes les commodités liées à EDH pour le routage du document selon la liste des rôles des personnes concernées (approbation, distribution pour information). Dès lors, l’AOC devient un moyen d’analyse et de gestion (détection et tra�...

  9. The Airborne Visible / Infrared Imaging Spectrometer AVIS: Design, Characterization and Calibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfram Mauser

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The Airborne Visible / Infrared imaging Spectrometer AVIS is a hyperspectralimager designed for environmental monitoring purposes. The sensor, which wasconstructed entirely from commercially available components, has been successfullydeployed during several experiments between 1999 and 2007. We describe the instrumentdesign and present the results of laboratory characterization and calibration of the system’ssecond generation, AVIS-2, which is currently being operated. The processing of the datais described and examples of remote sensing reflectance data are presented.

  10. Calage de la partie congestionnée du diagramme fondamental combinant données de boucles et données FCD

    OpenAIRE

    CLAIRAIS, Aurélien

    2015-01-01

    Malgré l'essor des données FCD, comme les données GPS, il n'existe pas de méthode de calage de diagramme fondamental basée sur ce type de données. Le rapport propose une méthode de calage al- liant données de boucles electromagnétiques et données FCD. La méthode est développée pour un tronçon simple sans entrée ni sortie. Le modèle utilisé est le modèle LWR associé à un diagramme fondamental triangulaire. La première partie donne une méthode pour simuler un front d'onde de congestion et des t...

  11. Conception de bases de données avec UML

    CERN Document Server

    Roy, Gilles

    2007-01-01

    De l'analyse à la conception, cet ouvrage accorde une importance prédominante au modèle conceptuel de données et propose des règles, des techniques, des astuces et des mises en garde qui doivent guider le modélisateur dans la réalisation d'un bon modèle conceptuel.

  12. 75 FR 23206 - Safety Zone; AVI September Fireworks Display, Laughlin, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... the AVI Resort and Casino centered in the channel between Laughlin Bridge and the northwest point of..., design, or operation; test methods; sampling procedures; and related management systems practices) that... effect on the human environment. A preliminary environmental analysis checklist supporting this...

  13. Review on Sons and Lovers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾燕君

    2013-01-01

    This essay centralizes on the analysis of the writing skills, the theme and my personal insights of Sons and Lovers, as well as my interpretation of the mother-son relationship in terms of feminism. Overall, hope it will provide a specific perspective of this renowned novel and arouse the readers’attention to interpret the novel themselves.

  14. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014 blev udført i samarbejde mellem Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET), Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ” Projektplan vedr....... overvågningen af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2014” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede erfaringer. I 2014 blev der udført passiv...

  15. The AVI project: A bibliographical and archive inventory of landslides and floods in Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzzetti, Fausto; Cardinali, Mauro; Reichenbach, Paola

    1994-07-01

    The AVI project was commissioned by the Minister of Civil Protection to the National Group for Prevention of Hydrogeologic Hazards to complete an inventory of areas historically affected by landslides and floods in Italy. More than 300 people, divided into 15 research teams and two support groups, worked for one year on the project. Twenty-two journals were systematically searched for the period 1918 1990, 350,000 newspaper issues were screened, and 39,953 articles were collected. About 150 experts on mass movement and floods were interviewed and 1482 published and unpublished technical and scientific reports were reviewed. The results of the AVI project, in spite of the limitations, represent the most comprehensive archiving of mass movement and floods ever prepared in Italy. The type and quality of the information collected and the methodologies and techniques used to make the inventory are discussed. Possible applications and future developments are also presented.

  16. Le partenariat mondial sur les données ouvertes pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les données ouvertes favorisent le changement. Au Brésil, au Népal et au Nigeria, certaines personnes utilisent les données publiquement accessibles sur le budget gouvernemental pour repérer et combattre la corruption. Des analystes de données et des développeurs en TI d'autres pays en développement améliorent ...

  17. Antimafia e movimenti delle donne. Protagoniste, culture e linguaggi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Dino

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio analizza il ruolo giocato dalle donne nei movimenti antimafia  a partire dalla loro presenza –cospicua e importante – all’interno dei Fasci dei lavoratori in Sicilia alla fine dell’800 fino alle esperienze del Comitato dei Lenzuoli e dell’Associazione donne per il digiuno nate a Palermo all’indomani delle stragi di Capaci e di via D’Amelio, in cui le figure femminili hanno svolto un ruolo di primo piano sperimentando forme espressive e di mobilitazione civile alternative ed efficaci.  L’approccio scelto per l’analisi incrocia gli studi sulla mafia come sistema di potere violento e totalitario con la relazione tra i sessi, intesa come scontro di poteri, in cui svolge un peso determinante la dimensione simbolica. Osservando, in prospettiva diacronica, i contesti e le forme associate di lotta alla mafia, la presenza femminile al loro interno, pur quando numerosa, stenta a configurarsi in forme strutturate durevoli e si configura piuttosto come luogo per l’episodica espressione di forme comunicative originali e di strumenti di lotta che si distinguono per la loro aderenza al quotidiano, alla sfera della soggettività e alla dimensione biografica. Parole chiave: movimenti femminili; mafia/antimafia; forme di comunicazione; studi di genere; violenza The essay analyses the role of women in the antimafia movements, starting from their presence - conspicuous and important - inside the Fasci of Workers in Sicily in the late 19th century until the experiences of the Comitato dei Lenzuoli and the Associazione donne per il digiuno born in Palermo after the massacres of Capaci and via D’Amelio, where the figures of women had a first focus role experimenting with alternative and effective ways of expression and of social activism. The approach chosen for the analysis intertwines the studies about mafia as a violent and totalitarian system with the relationship between the sexes, intended as contrast between powers, where a

  18. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  19. Overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle 2012 i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Trebbien, Ramona; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem Fødevaresty......Overvågningen af aviær influenza (AI) virus i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012 er udført i samarbejde mellem Fødevarestyrelsen (FVST), Veterinærinstituttet, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU-VET) og Statens Naturhistoriske Museum, Københavns Universitet (SNM) i henhold til ”Aftale mellem...... Fødevarestyrelsen og Veterinærinstituttet om overvågning af aviær influenza i vilde fugle i Danmark i 2012” (bilag 4). Overvågning af AI på EU niveau går tilbage til 2002, og Danmark er underlagt EU kommissionens bestemmelser for udformning af overvågningen, der dog har skiftet gennem årene i takt med indhøstede...... erfaringer. I 2012 blev der udført passiv overvågning af døde vilde fugle, der blev fundet i naturen på lokaliteter, der fordelte sig over det meste af landet. Der blev testet 18 fugle, og ingen af disse var positive for HPAI. To prøver var positive for LPAI virus, men disse virus var ikke af influenza A H5...

  20. Writing under cover: Cristina Campo as translator of John Donne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Panarello

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of Cristina Campo’s translations offers a precious contribution to those of us who are attempting to investigate the unknown area that lies in the shadowy zone between the source text and its translation. Vittoria Guerrini, a rather solitary and reticent figure in 20th-century Italian literature, wrote under several pen names, of which her favourite was Cristina Campo, the masque she chose for her beautiful and intense translations of a small but significant collection of poems by John Donne. This paper aims at exploring Cristina Campo’s attitude towards translation and the unique relationship she established with the poets she translated. John Donne’s translations reflect a singular solidarity displaying points of affinity between two extremely complex personalities. The dialogic rapport abolishes difference in space and time, as well as difference in language, as author and translator testify the same supreme tension towards beauty, truth and perfection. Translation in this perspective is a sacred gesture of mediation.

  1. Travailler loin de son domicile

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnet, Estelle; Verley, Elise; Ries, Tammy

    2017-01-01

    Résumé : La mobilité géographique liée à un lieu de travail éloigné du domicile – supposant soit de longs trajets quotidiens, soit de dormir en dehors du domicile – s’inscrit à l’articulation de la sphère professionnelle et de la sphère privée. Elle met à l’épreuve le couple et la distribution des rôles sexués en son sein. Cet article interroge les divisions sexuées inhérentes à cette articulation selon que l’on se place du point de vue d’une mobilité féminine ou masculine. Il examine en quoi...

  2. Son huasteco e identidad regional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Bonilla Burgos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available La población de la región Huasteca es partícipe de manifestaciones musicales en diferentes ámbitos, lo cual permite reconocer que entre todos los géneros utilizados destaca el son huasteco y su correspondiente bailable llamado huapango. Dichas expresiones musicales se impregnan de los ambientes tanto físico como social que viven constantemente. Es a través de las letras de los sones huastecos que se desarrolla el mecanismo para reflejar el mundo natural que perciben, y los acontecimientos que les suceden, cobrando una importancia que deriva en una identificación que trasciende. Conciben su entorno y lo refieren con sentido de pertenencia-apropiación, que les permite recrear su vida y fundirse en una identificación cultural a la que se le llamará “identidad regional”. La relevancia de considerar una expresión musical de estas características radica en que se preserva y enriquece constantemente unificando un área de México que no necesariamente corresponde a límites políticos establecidos en las diferentes etapas históricas.

  3. ...And Kronos Ate His Sons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitiello, Giuseppe

    In closed systems, energy is conserved. The origin of the time axis is completely arbitrary due to the invariance under continuous time-translations. The flowing of time swallows those fictitious origins one might assign on its axis, as Kronos ate his sons. Dissipation breaks such a scenario. It implies a non-forgettable origin of time. Open systems need their complement (their "double") in order to become, together, a closed system. Time emerges as an observable measured by the evolution of the open system complement, which acts as a clock. The conservation of the energy-momentum tensor in electrodynamics is considered and its relation with dissipative systems and self-similar fractal structures is discussed. The isomorphism with coherent states in quantum field theory (QFT) is established and the generator of transitions among unitarily inequivalent representations of the canonical commutation relations (CCR) is shown to provide sequences in time of phases, which defines the arrow of time. Merging properties of electrodynamics, fractal self-similarity, dissipation and coherent states point to an integrated vision of Nature.

  4. L'utilisation avisée de l'eau au service des villes en pleine croissance

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... durables axées sur l'utilisation des eaux pluviales et le recyclage des eaux usées urbaines. ... L'utilisation avisée de l'eau au service des villes en pleine croissance ... Traitement des eaux usées à Mexico – équilibre entre les bienfaits et les ...

  5. L'automutilation génitale : intérêt d'un avis psychiatrique dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    urologie du CHU de Cocody d'Abidjan, pour des automutilations génitales. Au cours de la prise en charge chirurgicale, l'avis psychiatrique demandé chez ces patients a conclu au diagnostic de schizophrénie paranoïde. Les frustrations survenues ...

  6. Influence of Background Genome on Enzymatic Characteristics of Yellow (Ay/-, Avy/-) Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, George L.; Pitot, Henry C.

    1973-01-01

    Identification of the fundamental polypeptide difference between yellow (Ay/-, Avy/-) and non-yellow mice is important for biomedical research because of the influence of the yellow genotype on normal and neoplastic growth and obesity. The complexity of the "yellow mouse syndrome" makes attainment of this objective dependent on the separation of those pleiotropic enzyme differences which are secondary, and depend on the background genome, from those which are primary, and depend primarily on the agouti locus genotype.—Four of nine hepatic enzyme activities assayed simultaneously differed between eight-week-old yellow (Ay/-, Avy/-) and non-yellow (A/-, a/a) male inbred and F1 hybrid mice. Among these four, only cytoplasmic malic enzyme activity was elevated in all yellow mice, as compared with the non-yellow sibs, regardless of background genome. Glucokinase, serine dehydratase, and tyrosine α-ketoglutarate transaminase activities were also changed in yellow mice, but these alterations depended on the background genome.—The ratio of malic enzyme activity to citrate-cleavage enzyme activity, possibly related to the altered fat metabolism of yellow mice, was influenced by background genome as well as by the yellow genotype.——Significant deviations of enzyme activities from mid-parent values among F1 hybrids were associated with particular background genomes; the number of such deviations was larger among yellow mice than among non-yellows and this difference was greater among C3H F1 hybrids than among C57BL/6 F1 hybrids. PMID:4405752

  7. Evaluation of hypolipidemic activity of leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. in guinea pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Yogesh; Vadgama, Vishalkumar; Baxi, Seema; Chandrabhanu; Tripathi, B

    2011-01-01

    Our aim of the study was to evaluate the hypolipidemic activity of leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. in guinea pigs. Adult guinea pigs of either sex were divided into seven groups: group 1 - normal diet; group 2 - high fat diet; group 3 and 4 - normal diet plus leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. in the dose of 0.5 and 1 mL/kg, respectively; group 5 and 6- high fat diet with leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. in the dose of 0.5 and 1 mL/kg, respectively; group 7 - high fat diet plus atorvastatin (3 mg/kg). Above diet treatment was given for six weeks and drug was given during last three weeks. Serum lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-c, VLDL-c, HDL-c) was performed in each group of animals before and at the end of six weeks. Histological study of aorta, liver and kidney was done in group 1, 2, 6 and 7 and blood cell count was done in animals that were treated juice of C. roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. before and after juice administration. Simultaneous administration of leaf juice of C. roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. in the dose of 0.5 mL/kg prevents the rise of serum lipid parameters and decreases the fatty changes in the tissue induced by high fat diet, whereas in the dose of 1 mL/kg not only counteracts the elevation, but also significantly (p juice of C. roseus (Linn.) G. Donn. possesses significant lipid lowering and anti atherosclerotic activity.

  8. Méthode de contrôle automatique des données bibliographiques dans les bases de données du CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Cart, Catherine

    2003-01-01

    Cette étude présente une méthode de contrôle automatique des réferences des documents importés dans des bases de données. Conçu initialement pour la mise à jour de la base de littérature grise du Service de l'information scientifique du CERN, puis étendu à sa base de monographies, le programme chkall ("check all") propose différentes applications pour contrôler les données de catalogage relatives aux documents (électroniques ou non) et pour en assurer la modification semi-automatique. Devant l'augmentation massive des données et la nécessité de les contrôler, ce programme, transposable à d'autres contextes, permet d'enrichir un catalogue et d'en augmenter la précision et la cohérence. - We describe a method for automatically controlling references to documents uploaded into databases. Initially designed as part of the gray literature database upgrade at the CERN Scientific Information Service and then extended to its monographic database, the chkall (check all) program offers different ...

  9. Structures de données et méthodes formelles

    CERN Document Server

    Guyomard, Marc

    2011-01-01

    Ce livre porte sur l tude des structures de donn es, savoir des constituants logiciels dont la qualit conditionne le bon fonctionnement et l efficacit des applications informatiques. L originalit de cet ouvrage r side essentiellement dans le lien qu il tablit avec la discipline des m thodes formelles pour le g nie logiciel. Il montre comment il est possible de calculer les op rations qui accompagnent une structure de donn es partir d une sp cification rigoureuse. L auteur adopte la fois une perspective historique et une d marche fonctionnelle. La premi re partie de l ouvrage pr sente les bases

  10. "Med Flid opdigtet"? Om bruken av fabler i Avis for Børn (Kbh. 1779‒1782

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bache-Wiig, Harald

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an investigation into the use of the fable genre in a Danish children’s magazine, Avis for Børn (Journal for the children, published in Copenhagen 1779‒1782 by the philanthropist and editor Emanuel Balling. The main purpose is to indicate that the classical, Aesopian genre to some extent was transformed and adapted to fit into the didactic and religious purpose dominating this journal. Some examples from the old lore are given to substantiate the assumption that the attitude of the fable mainly was a very pragmatic one, without the moral and religious orientation typical of the stories presented in Avis for Børn. In nature, Avis for Børn would admire the reign of a benevolent God, while in ancient fable nature is a place reigned by brutes and by arbitrary bestiality. Nevertheless, the journal chose to make some meaningful, yet strained use of the genre, without twisting the genre into pastoral sentimentality, a tendency that during the 19th century in children’s literature became predominant.

  11. Données probantes empiriques et promotion du leadership en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Données probantes empiriques et promotion du leadership en appui aux programmes de mise à niveau. Ce projet appuiera le passage à grande échelle d'interventions mises à l'essai localement visant à améliorer les moyens de subsistance des femmes et des jeunes en Afrique subsaharienne et en Asie. Il cible des ...

  12. Ethics and the Experience of Death: Some Lessons from Sophocles, Shakespeare, and Donne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sansom, Dennis L.

    2010-01-01

    I argue in this paper that the ability of art to express a holistic experience of life challenges the abstractness and formulaic tendencies of some philosophical ethics. The paper examines the presentation of death in three poet-playwrights--Sophocles's "Oedipus Rex," Shakespeare's "Hamlet," and John Donne's "Meditation XVII." Sophocles's…

  13. La Cova de l’Avi (Vallirana, Barcelona y el inicio del Neolítico final en el Nordeste de la Península Ibérica. Inhumaciones colectivas y nuevas redes de intercambio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daura, Joan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Middle to Late Neolithic transition in NE of Iberian Peninsula is characterized by changes in mortuary practices and grave goods. In the Middle Neolithic single primary burials are associated with grave goods of variscite beads, honey-colored flint blades and occasionally obsidian. During the Late Neolithic these are replaced for collective inhumations in cave and rock-shelters with grave goods composed mainly by shell, bone and stone beads and pendants, large flint blades and flint daggers, some from outside the Iberian Peninsula. Cova de l’Avi represents the earliest site (c. 4700 BP at which these changes in mortuary practice have been documented.Entre el Neolítico medio y el Neolítico final en el Nordeste de la Península Ibérica se producen cambios destacados en las pautas funerarias y en la cultura material de los grupos humanos, especialmente en los ajuares y lugares de enterramiento. Durante el Neolítico medio-reciente son típicas las inhumaciones primarias individuales en fosas con ajuares de cuentas de variscita, sílex melado, vasos cerámicos y puntualmente obsidiana. Por el contrario, durante el Neolítico final se generalizan las inhumaciones colectivas y sucesivas en cuevas y abrigos con ajuares que se caracterizan por la gran disminución de la variscita, sustituida por una gran variedad de colgantes y cuentas en piedra, concha y hueso. Ahora también aparecen las grandes láminas y los puñales de sílex, en ocasiones de procedencia extrapeninsular. La Cova de l’Avi representa en la actualidad el yacimiento cronológicamente más antiguo (c. 4700 BP en el que se documentan estos nuevos comportamientos funerarios.

  14. Réservations et discrimination positive en Inde. Données juridiques et techniques Reservations and Affirmative Action in India. Legal and Technical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Bonnan

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Les dispositions qui sont résumées ici, et dont on donne quelques éléments constitutionnels en annexe, ne sont pas seulement théoriques et de pure forme, elles sont mises en application et font l’objet d’une pratique précise et suivie. Le système des quotas ne se limite pas en effet à des prescriptions législatives et réglementaires à destination des assemblées élues et des services administratifs, il est accompagné de tout un dispositif administratif et financier propre à assurer son effecti...

  15. Les bases de données pédagogiques sur Internet : le cas du programme Éducasup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Develotte

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Ces dix dernières années, l'émergence de l'information en ligne a suscité des appels d'offres nationaux visant à la mise en place de bases de données. Nous revenons ici sur l'histoire du programme Éducasup, de sa conception en 1997 à son abandon, fin 2003. À travers une analyse sémio-linguistique des écrans d'accueil de ses différentes chartes graphiques, nous cherchons à montrer les choix politiques et techniques qui ont présidé à l'évolution de ce programme.

  16. Influenza Aviária: Uma Revisão dos Últimos Dez Anos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martins NRS

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A influenza aviária é doença exótica no Brasil. O sistema de vigilância implementado pelo Programa Nacional de Sanidade Avícola (PNSA mantém monitoração permanente das aves das principais espécies domésticas, tanto do material genético importado para a indústria avícola, por exemplo, da espécie das galinhas (Gallus gallus formadomestica, perus (Meleagris gallopavo formadomestica, codornas (Coturnix coturnix japonica, patos (Anas, primários (elite, bisavós e avós para postura ou corte, como aves de espécies de exploração mais recente, exóticas, por exemplo avestruzes (Struthio camelus ou nativas, por exemplo emas (Rhea americana. Os plantéis de reprodutores em produção são também acompanhados por amostragens periódicas, conforme previsto no PNSA, além da monitoração das respostas aos programas de vacinação, por exemplo, contra bronquite infecciosa e doença infecciosa bursal. O PNSA estabelece as normas de atuação para o controle e erradicação da doença de Newcastle (ND e Influenza Aviária (AI (Projeto de Vigilância, 2001, a saber: I - Notificação de focos da doença (e confirmação laboratorial no LARA-Campinas; II - Assistência a focos; III - Medidas de desinfecção; IV - Sacrifício sanitário; V - Vazio sanitário; VI - Vacinação dos plantéis ou esquemas emergenciais; VII - Controle e fiscalização dos animais susceptíveis; VIII - Outras medidas sanitárias; A vigilância e atenção ao foco exige o diagnóstico laboratorial e diferencial de AI e ND, que segue as normas do PNSA, conforme o sumário abaixo: 1- Interdição e coleta de materiais para exame laboratorial oficial; 2- Registro das aves: espécie(s, categoria(s, número(s, manutenção de aves; utensílios e produtos no local; proibição de trânsito de e para a(s propriedade(s em um raio de 10 km; controle de todos os animais e materiais possíveis fontes de propagação; desinfecção de vias de entradas e saídas à(s propriedade

  17. Enterite necrótica aviária Avian necrotic enteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Rodrigo Gil de los Santos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available A Enterite Necrótica Aviária (ENA é uma enterotoxemia aguda que aparece subitamente e provoca morte rápida, afetando principalmente animais jovens. Embora seu impacto negativo na produção, devido ao aumento da conversão alimentar e da condenação de carcaças seja já conhecido, questões relacionadas à etiologia, à patogenia e ao controle desta importante enfermidade necessitam de maiores esclarecimentos. Nos últimos anos, o controle da ENA baseou-se na aplicação de antibióticos na ração animal, prática banida pelo mercado consumidor, que exigiu o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias de controle. Esta revisão aborda informações sobre a etiologia, a epizootiologia, a patogenia, o diagnóstico e o controle da doença, em especial a utilização de probióticos e vacinas como alternativas de controle da ENA.Avian Necrotic Enteritis is an acute enterotoxaemia that appears suddenly producing rapid deaths, affecting mainly young animals. Although its negative impact in poultry production is already known, factors related to etiology, pathogenesis and control of this important disease need better clarifications. For a long time its control was based on the use of antibiotics in poultry feed, whose the use was banned by several consumer markets, requiring the development of new control strategies. Informations on the etiology, epizootiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and control are reviewed, emphasizing the role of probiotics and vaccines as control alternatives.

  18. Estimation non-paramétrique robuste pour données fonctionnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Crambes , Christophe; Delsol , Laurent; Laksaci , Ali

    2009-01-01

    International audience; L'estimation robuste présente une approche alternative aux méthodes de régression classiques, par exemple lorsque les observations sont affectées par la présence de données aberrantes. Récemment, ces estimateurs robustes ont été considérés pour des modèles avec données fonctionnelles. Dans cet exposé, nous considérons un modèle de régression robuste avec une variable d'intérêt réelle et une variable explicative fonctionnelle. Nous définissons un estimateur non-paramétr...

  19. Dix conseils en matière de visualisation de données

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    connotation culturelle ou sociale. Taille et position : attirent l'attention sur certaines données et montrent une hiérarchie. Nous avons tendance à regarder en premier le haut des gra- phiques et les objets plus gros. Chaque culture a des conventions de lecture qui déterminent la manière dont les gens lisent un graphique ou ...

  20. Culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes au Nigeria

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    se demandent quelle est la meilleure façon de donner suite aux constatations obtenues en partie grâce à leur participation. Culture de planification fondée sur des données probantes au Nigeria. Il faut de la volonté politique pour proposer et exécuter des projets en vue de renforcer les systèmes de santé… et du courage.

  1. Il lavoro delle donne: avanzamenti e contraddittorietà delle normative e della loro applicazione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Manna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo propone un‟illustrazione dell‟attuale condizione delle donne nel mercato del lavoro, testimoniando la persistenza della disparità di genere in ambito lavorativo, seppur in vesti nuove da quelle che avevano alimentato il modello del glass ceiling per descrivere la diversa condizione di uomini e donne nel contesto produttivo. Ripercor-rendo le metafore utilizzate in letteratura per simboleggiare tale realtà, e i recenti contri-buti di ricerca sul tema, ci si interroga sugli aspetti di avanzamento e contraddittorietà delle recenti normative europee in tema di pari opportunità e sulle condizioni di effica-cia ed efficienza degli organismi a tutela della parità di genere. Alla luce anche dei di-versi effetti prodotti dall‟attuale condizione di crisi economica sugli uomini e sulle don-ne, si costruisce, pertanto, un modello interpretativo che evidenzia aspetti paradossali ed evidenti gap tra dimensioni normative e fattuali, sottolineando come l‟esperienza della maternità e l‟alimentarsi di nuovi stereotipi di genere connessi all‟immagine della donna lavoratrice producano un tessuto culturale ancora fortemente discriminante, in una cor-nice di labirintica precarietà lavorativa femminile.

  2. Conception d'un injecteur de données hardware

    CERN Document Server

    Delord, V; Mesnard, E

    2009-01-01

    L'expérience LHCb, menée dans le cadre du CERN, recueille un nombre extraordinaire de données. Le système d'acquisition de ces données est donc démesuré, entièrement dédié à cette tâche. Pour réaliser des tests sur ce système d'acquisition, hors expérience, il existe un injecteur de données qui permet de simuler le flot habituel. Dans l'optique d'une future optimisation du réseau de ce système en Ethernet 10 gigabit, le LHCb souhaite se doter d'un injecteur hardware permettant de fonctionner sur ce nouveau réseau et d'y tester différents types de protocoles de communication tels qu'IP, MEP et TCP. Cet injecteur est réalisé au moyen d'une carte de développement Altera munie d'un FPGA et de différentes interfaces de communications.

  3. Les villes et la science: apports de la spatialisation des données bibliométriques mondiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Eckert

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Les données bibliométriques sont l'une des principales sources pour l'étude de la production scientifique mondiale. Or les géographes ont jusqu'ici peu participé au travail sur ces données. Celles-ci permettent pourtant de caractériser l'activité scientifique des villes, à une échelle d'analyse particulièrement pertinente. En s'appuyant sur le Web of Science, on identifie les dimensions géographiques des informations bibliométriques. On propose une méthode de géocodage, puis d'agrégation spatiale des données primaires qui donne sens à la notion d'«agglomération scientifique» et autorise de nombreux traitements.

  4. An annotated translation of Noël Bernard's 1899 article 'On the germination of Neottia nidus-avis'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selosse, Marc-André; Minasiewicz, Julita; Boullard, Bernard

    2017-08-01

    We translate Noël Bernard's discovery of orchid symbiotic germination discovered on Neottia nidus-avis, as published in the May 1899 issue of the Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. In his note, Bernard (1874-1911) establishes the need for a fungus, which is also forming mycorrhizae in adults, for seeds germination. We provide illustrations reproduced from his later works, and summaries of the French text he cited. In our annotations, we show how early this discovery was done in Bernard's career, and insist on the scientific framework at the end of the nineteenth century, where orchid germination was mysterious and the need for vicinity of parents was not fully understood. We comment the text of Bernard on the basis of the most recent knowledge on Neottia nidus-avis and on orchid mycorrhizal fungi. Introducing his following papers, we finally discuss the emergence of the concept of peloton digestion, and how Bernard's work quickly paved the way to a general understanding of mycoheterotrophic germination in orchids and beyond.

  5. Tirer parti des données massives des réseaux mobiles pour établir ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les données du réseau téléphonique mobile, une forme de données massives, ont une plus grande portée. Elles fournissent de nouvelles perspectives sur la façon de régler les problèmes sociaux et économiques. Transport, maladies et surveillance socioéconomique. Learning Initiatives on Reforms for Network ...

  6. Les bases de données : outils de stockage et d'exploitation des échantillonnages piscicoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANLAVILLE-BOISSON C.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available L'étude des relations espèces-environnement à différentes échelles d'espace et de temps impose la manipulation de grands volumes de données et la confrontation de différents types d'informations (biologiques et environnementales. Afin d'optimiser la gestion informatique des données écologiques, plusieurs bases de données (correspondant à des données de structures différentes ont été élaborées sur micro-ordinateur en utilisant des systèmes de gestion de bases de données différents autour desquels ont été développées des applications spécifiques destinées à faciliter et compléter la gestion de l'information, depuis la saisie des données jusqu'à l'obtention des tableaux à analyser.

  7. Cuidados invisibles: ¿son suficientemente reconocidos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosanna de la Rosa Eduardo

    Full Text Available Los cuidados invisibles son un elemento central y fundamental de la práctica de la Enfermería y son la base de su identidad profesional. La Enfermería ha sufrido un importante y positivo proceso de profesionalización en los últimos 150 años, sin embargo, los cuidados invisibles siguen siendo poco reconocidos, a pesar de su importancia en la recuperación y en la calidad de vida de los usuarios. En este trabajo se analizan brevemente las grandes transformaciones sociales actuales que obligan a replantearse la necesidad de visibilizar los cuidados invisibles, se plantean interrogantes clave para abordar esta discusión y se proponen una serie de acciones concretas para avanzar en este reconocimiento.

  8. Transformer en politiques les données probantes sur la santé des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Transformer en politiques les données probantes sur la santé des mères, des nouveau-nés et des enfants en Afrique de l'Est. Ce projet regroupe les résultats de la recherche en matière de santé des mères et des enfants en Afrique de l'Est et appuie leur intégration dans les politiques et les pratiques. Le projet fait partie du ...

  9. Léon Bardalès: Sa vie et son œuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilias Taxidis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude comprend la présentation et l’édition critique de deux lettres et six poèmes de Léon Bardalès qui fut l’un des dignitaires impériaux byzantins de la fin du XIIIe et du début du XIVe siècle. Pour l’occasion, toutes les données concernant l’auteur et son activité politique et littéraire sont réévaluées conformément aux informations fournies par les lettres que Bardalès a reçues d’épistoliers connus de son époque, comme Maxime Planude, Nicéphore Choumnos et Nicéphore Grégoras. Dans l’édition, les erreurs et fautes d’inattention des éditeurs précédents sont corrigées, et un apparat des sources est ajouté.

  10. Création d'une base de données graphique

    CERN Document Server

    Callier, J

    1997-01-01

    De nombreux chercheurs ont besoin de figures ou d'images pour illustrer leurs conférence ou leurs rapports mais ils rencontrent des difficultés lors de la recherche de ces dites images. C'est pourquoi l'idée de la création d'une base de données graphique incluant de nombreuses figures et images s'est imposée. Les images seront reparties dans différents thèmes et auront un maximum de trois mots-clefs permettant une recherche rapide de la figure voulue. Cette base pour être accessible à tout le CERN doit être consultable via le web, elle sera créée avec le SGBD Oracle V7 auquel a été ajouté l'interface Oracle Web Agent qui permet le passage du PL/SQL au HTML. Elle devra être simple d'utilisation car elle s'adresse à un large public. La mise en oeuvre et les résultats obtenus seront largement décris et les possibles améliorations seront données.

  11. GeraÃÃo de biogÃs utilizando cama de aviÃrio e manipueira

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Beatryz Prenzier Suzuki

    2012-01-01

    A procura por energia tÃm se mostrado cada vez maior e para suprir essa demanda à necessÃrio buscar fontes alternativas de energia. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a produÃÃo de biogÃs atravÃs da mistura da cama de aviÃrio com manipuiera para obtenÃÃo de biogÃs e analisando seus efluentes e verificando a reduÃÃo de carga orgÃnica. Tentando assim resolver a questÃo ambiental da destinaÃÃo dos mesmos e produzindo energia limpa e renovÃvel contribuindo para a matr...

  12. SON68 glass alteration enhanced by magnetite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godon, Nicole; Gin, Stephane; Rebiscoul, Diane; Frugier, Pierre [CEA, DEN-Marcoule, F30207, Bagnols-sur-Ceze (France)

    2013-07-01

    This paper reports experimental and modeling results of SON68 glass / magnetite interactions while in contact with synthetic groundwater from a clay environment. It is shown that magnetite enhances glass alteration, first by the sorption of Si released from the glass onto magnetite surfaces, then by a second process that could be the precipitation of an iron silicate mineral or the transformation of magnetite into a more reactive phase like hematite or goethite. This study globally suggests a detrimental effect of magnetite on the long-term durability of nuclear glass in geological disposal conditions. (authors)

  13. ?Cuales son las amenazas o peligros volcanicos?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Bobbie; Brantley, Steven R.; Stauffer, Peter; Hendley, James W.

    2000-01-01

    Los volcanes son capaces de producir numerosos peligros geologicos e hidrologicos. Los cientificos del Servicio Geologico de los EE. UU. (USGS, por sus siglas en ingles) y de otras instituciones alrededor del mundo estan estudiando los peligros de muchos de los centenares de volcanes activos y potencialmente activos del mundo. Estos cientificos vigilan muy de cerca la actividad de algunos de los volcanes mas peligrosos, por lo que estan preparados para alertar a las autoridades y/o a la poblacion en caso de que aumente sustancialmente la probabilidad de que ocurra una erupcion u otro evento peligroso.

  14. My Son 22.10.11

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Baillie

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available 'My Son 22.10.11' was made immediately following a miscarriage 8 weeks into pregnancy. After bleeding lightly for a couple of hours, I went to the toilet and a large bloody mass fell from within me. I knew that I could not flush this away, and that to retrieve the mass was my only chance to connect with the unborn foetus. I fished the contents from the bottom of the toilet bowl using my hands and carried them into my small studio. I found some paper and began to dissect the mass. At the centre, I found the tiny, cold, hard foetus. I kissed it and then began to use it as a kind of painting tool, drawing the outline of the lost child using its very own flesh and blood. I knew that to create a lasting and tangible portrait of 'my son' was the best way to understand the somewhat unreal and fleeting experience of miscarriage. I thought of Frida Kahlo while making the work, thinking 'thank God' that I had a reference to miscarriage before it happened to me. I also thought of my childhood days spent on our family pig farm, and of all the dead pig foetuses that I had seen at various stages of development. Before the miscarriage, I thought little about the subject; afterwards, I recognise the profundity of the creation of a life that is never born. The experience is so common, yet so very rarely discussed or depicted.

  15. Selecting sex: the effect of preferring sons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesketh, Therese

    2011-11-01

    Son preference remains common in countries from East Asia through South Asia to the Middle East and North Africa. Where sex selective technology and abortion are readily available, such as in China, South Korea and India, this has led to a marked excess in male births. Worst excesses are seen in parts of rural China where there are 140 male births for every 100 female. This leads to large numbers of unmarriageable men. Concerns about the consequences centre around the propensity to aggression and violence of these men with increased levels of crime and antisocial behaviour, threatening societal stability and security. But recent studies do not support these assumptions, but rather suggest that these men are marginalised, lonely, withdrawn and prone to psychological problems. Measures to reduce sex selection should include enforcement of existing legislation on sex-selection, and public awareness campaigns about the dangers of late abortion and gender imbalance. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. L'astronomie et son histoire

    CERN Document Server

    Roy, Jean-René

    1982-01-01

    Le livre de Jean-René Roy nous présente une vaste synthèse des connaissances présentes en astronomie. Le grand mérite du livre est de dérouler son sujet en parallèle avec une histoire de l'astronomie. Le côté historique est ici beaucoup plus qu'un luxe. Il redonne leurs dimensions vraies aux réponses qu'apporte l'astronomie. Pour bien sentir la nature d'une étape franchie, il faut aussi avoir vécu la situation telle qu'elle se présentait avant. Et les fiches personnelles incluses dans le livre ont l'intérêt de nous rapprocher encore plus du "" feu de l'action "". Écrit dans un style direct et

  17. Lo que son mujeres en los escenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Cañal, Rafael

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I review the publishing and stage trajectory of one of Rojas Zorrilla’s most significant plays: Lo que son mujeres. As well as collecting a list of the different editions, I emphasize the 1822 version by the Mexican Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza, which started a new renaissance period for this play on stage. I also analyze the 1899 one-act version by Emilio Bobadilla. Finally, I include all the different productions between the 17th and the 19th centuries, and address the little interest aroused in the 20th century–suffice to say that it has not been staged even during these early years of the 21st century when the centenary of Rojas Zorrilla is being celebrated.En este artículo se hace un repaso detallado de la fortuna editorial y escénica de una de las obras más significativas de Rojas Zorrilla: Lo que son mujeres. Aparte de recoger las diferentes ediciones de la misma, se hace hincapié en la refundición del mexicano Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza, estrenada en 1822, que abrió un período de cierta recuperación de este texto dramático en los escenarios. Se analiza también la refundición que llevó a cabo en un solo acto Emilio Bobadilla en 1899. Finalmente, se registran todas las representaciones conocidas de la obra desde el siglo XVII hasta el siglo XIX y se constata el poco interés que ha despertado en los escenarios del siglo XX. Incluso en los últimos años, en los que los montajes de obras de Rojas comienzan a ser más frecuentes, esta obra no ha sido todavía llevada a escena.

  18. Sons fricativos surdos Voiceless fricatives sounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Aparecida Cielo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available TEMA: características dos sons fricativos surdos. OBJETIVO: propor uma revisão da literatura pertinente às características acústicas, fonéticas e fonológicas dos fonemas fricativos surdos que integram o sistema fonológico do Português. Além disso, são descritas suas aplicações na terapia vocal. CONCLUSÕES: os fricativos são fonemas agudos, abrangendo de 2500 a 8000Hz; são plenamente adquiridos até os 3:7 anos de idade; o /s/ que também é o mais afetado em casos de frênulo lingual curto; a omissão do /s/ é uma das ocorrências mais freqüentes na alfabetização; sendo que, no desvio fonológico e na fissura lábio-palatina, freqüentemente ocorre comprometimento de toda a classe de fricativos. Na avaliação de voz, os fricativos são mencionados com as medidas de TMF e relação s/z, bem como seu uso como sons de apoio na fonoterapia.BACKGROUND: characteristics of voiceless fricative sounds PURPOSE: to review the literature related to acoustic, phonetics and phonological characteristics of voiceless fricative sounds that are part of the phonological system of the Portuguese Language. Furthermore, it describes the use of these sounds in voice therapy. CONCLUSIONS: fricatives are acute phonemes comprised between 2500 and 8000 Hz; they are fully acquired up to the age of 3:7 years; the /s/, which is the most affected in cases of short lingual frenum; omission of the /s/ is one of the most frequent occurrences during literacy education; and in the phonological deviation and labial-palatine fissure the entire class of fricatives is frequently affected. In voice assessment, fricative sounds are mentioned as TMF measurements and s/z relationship, and their use as support sounds in speech therapy.

  19. Dombey and Son: An Inverted Maid's Tragedy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taher Badinjki

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ross Dabney, J. Butt & K. Tillotson, and others think that Dickens revised the role of Edith in the original plan of Dombey and Son upon the advice of a friend. I tend to believe that Dickens's swerve from his course was prompted by two motives, his relish for grand scenes, and his endeavour to engage the reader's sympathies for a character who was a victim of a social practice which he was trying to condemn. Dickens's humanitarian attitude sought to redeem the sinner and condemn the sin. In engaging the reader's sympathies,  Dickens  had entrapped his own.  Both Edith and Alice are shown as victims of rapacious mothers who sell anything, or anybody for money. While Good Mrs Brown sells Alice's virtue and innocence for cash, Mrs Skewton trades on Edith's beauty in the marriage market to secure fortune and a good establishment. Edith and Alice's maturity and moral growth and their scorn and anger at their mothers' false teaching come in line with public prudery. Moreover, their educators in the principles of Mammonism have not succeeded altogether in stifling their innate feminine tenderness and capacity for affection, the thing that draws them near their reader's heart and wins them love and sympathy. Keywords: Money,  transaction,  victims,  saleable,  Mormonism,  greedy, rapacious

  20. Mate-sampling costs and sexy sons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokko, H; Booksmythe, I; Jennions, M D

    2015-01-01

    Costly female mating preferences for purely Fisherian male traits (i.e. sexual ornaments that are genetically uncorrelated with inherent viability) are not expected to persist at equilibrium. The indirect benefit of producing 'sexy sons' (Fisher process) disappears: in some models, the male trait becomes fixed; in others, a range of male trait values persist, but a larger trait confers no net fitness advantage because it lowers survival. Insufficient indirect selection to counter the direct cost of producing fewer offspring means that preferences are lost. The only well-cited exception assumes biased mutation on male traits. The above findings generally assume constant direct selection against female preferences (i.e. fixed costs). We show that if mate-sampling costs are instead derived based on an explicit account of how females acquire mates, an initially costly mating preference can coevolve with a male trait so that both persist in the presence or absence of biased mutation. Our models predict that empirically detecting selection at equilibrium will be difficult, even if selection was responsible for the location of the current equilibrium. In general, it appears useful to integrate mate sampling theory with models of genetic consequences of mating preferences: being explicit about the process by which individuals select mates can alter equilibria. © 2014 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2014 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.

  1. Mise en place d'une base de données pour une modélisation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mise en place d'une base de données pour une modélisation hydrologique distribuée du bassin versant du Bandama (Côte d'Ivoire) : apport d'un modèle numérique d'altitude, de la télédétection et du SIG Physitel.

  2. Un probleme d’identification. Correction du modeles analytique en utilisat des données expérimentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Covatariu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La procédure de correction d’un modele analytique adopté pour une structure de construction est précédée d’une comparaison entre le set des données expérimentales et celui des données analytiques, pour une vérification préliminaire concernant la correspondance raisonnable entre ces données. Pour l’identification dynamique des parametres ont été élaborées diverses méthodes de correction des matrices de rigidité et de l’amortissement qui ont a leur base la méthode des moindres carrés dans le domaine des fréquences. L’algorithme proposé a comme résultat la correction de la matrice de rigidité d’un modele de calcul en utilisant comme données d’entrée seulement celles enregistrées pendant les essais expérimentaux.

  3. Son Preference and Its Consequences (A Review) | Shah | Gender ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cultural preference for sons was evident from that fact that in Hindu\\'s traditions, ... A common perception of son\\'s preference on daughter was the ascribed ability of ... against females in the allocation of food and health care within the household. ... their-self in most of the south Asian countries preferred sons to daughters.

  4. Having a Son Promotes Clean Cooking Fuel Use in Urban India: Women's Status and Son Preference

    OpenAIRE

    Avinash Kishore; Dean Spears

    2014-01-01

    Urban Indian households with a male first child are approximately 2 percentage points more likely to use clean cooking fuel than comparable households with a female first child. Given Indian son preference, there are at least two mechanisms by which child sex could affect fuel choice: by improving the intrahousehold status of women, who bear more of the costs of traditional fuels, or by presenting an opportunity to invest in children's health, in the context of a preference for healthier boys...

  5. Concepts pour la description de bases de données multi-représentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christelle Vangenot

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available L’une des limitations majeures des modèles de données spatiaux actuels est leur pauvreté quant aux possibilités de gérer plusieurs représentations différentes des mêmes objets géographiques selon différents points de vue ou selon différents niveaux de résolution. Dans cet article, nous identifions tout d’abord quels sont les besoins induits par la présence de représentations multiples des mêmes objets puis nous proposons des concepts permettant d’associer plusieurs représentations à un objet, de décrire la validité des associations topologiques, de relier des objets qui se correspondent à différentes résolutions et enfin, de décrire et d’interroger les objets et leurs attributs à des niveaux de résolution sémantique différents.

  6. Realidad virtual para el mantenimiento de motores de avión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiert Amundarain

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Exponemos un sistema de realidad virtual para la simulación de procesos de mantenimiento en aeronáutica que se ha desarrollado en el marco del Proyecto REVIMA. Hemos desarrollado un hardware nuevo (háptico y resuelto diversos problemas al elaborar el software que integra el sistema. El nuevo háptico se emplea para realizar el seguimiento del movimiento de las manos, y al mismo tiempo devuelve una fuerza que provoca la sensación de estar trabajando con una maqueta física. Los principales módulos de software son: el módulo de generación de imágenes, el módulo de colisión y el módulo de control. La integración del sistema está basada en dos ordenadores conectados mediante una LAN que comparten diferentes tareas y datos. El módulo de visualización ha sido implementado empleando sistemas gráficos de bajo coste y mediante un estudio exhaustivo se ha logrado una frecuencia válida para las operaciones de simulación. Los modelos consisten en más de dos mil elementos diferentes y emplean alrededor de dos millones de polígonos para describir su geometría. Este trabajo presenta una breve descripción del conjunto y desarrolla de modo específico las técnicas de visualización que se han desarrollado.

  7. Bases de données NoSQL et Big Data concevoir des bases de données pour le Big Data : cours et travaux pratiques niveau B

    CERN Document Server

    Lacomme, Philippe; Phan, Raksmey

    2014-01-01

    Les bases de données NoSQL, ou non relationnelles, procèdent d'une logique différente du modèle SQL pour stocker de très grands volumes de données de natures variées. Elles s'affranchissent des contraintes classiques et fournissent une architecture nouvelle, souple et performante. Le Big Data rassemble des technologies répondant aux 4 V : Volume important, Variété d'informations, Vélocité du traitement, Variabilité des sources. L'ouvrage s'emploie à rendre ces techniques accessibles. Il propose une présentation synthétique des systèmes de bases de données NoSQL dans une approche transversale sur plusieurs plateformes : NetBeans et Eclipse. Le propos est constamment illustré par de nombreux exemples implémentés sous forme de travaux pratiques utilisant : Oracle, MongoDB, Cassandra, Neo4j, Redi et Hbase. Des vidéos et des compléments gratuits sont disponibles sur le site web du livre : http://www.isima.fr/~lacomme/NoSQL/."

  8. Sexual Orientation of Adult Sons of Gay Fathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, J. Michael; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Examined the sexual orientation of 82 adult sons of 55 gay men. Found that more than 90% of the sons whose sexual orientation could be rated were heterosexual. Gay and heterosexual sons did not differ on potentially relevant variables such as length of time they had lived with their fathers. (MDM)

  9. HarassMap : la collecte de données grâce à l'impartition à grande ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Des militants, des chercheurs et des bénévoles se sont regroupés pour créer HarassMap. En associant les nouvelles technologies, les médias sociaux et une technique de collecte de données appelée impartition à grande échelle (ou crowdsourcing), Harassmap permet de dresser la carte des incidents de harcèlement ...

  10. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Sénégal : Des données au service de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 déc. 2010 ... Quelles en étaient les limites ? ... Cela vaut aussi à l'échelle nationale, le Sénégal s'étant engagé sur la voie de la décentralisation ... de collecte de données sur la pauvreté, les conditions de vie et le développement humain.

  11. Le point sur les données ouvertes : réflexion sur leur rôle en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'ouverture de portails gouvernementaux de données ouvertes aux États-Unis et au Royaume-Uni en 2009 a été le fer de lance d'un mouvement mondial qui, près de dix ans plus tard, a été adopté par des dirigeants du monde entier, comme le montrent les objectifs de développement durable, l'accord de Paris sur le ...

  12. Recueillir des données probantes à l'échelle des collectivités pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet contribue à la collecte, à l'échelle des collectivités, de données probantes sur les souvenirs des victimes de violations des droits de la personne. Il vise aussi à trouver des stratégies de reconstruction post-atrocités dans un cadre local sûr. Enfin, l'équipe a créé un site Web et produit plusieurs publications.

  13. Harcèlement sexuel au Caire : efficacité des données recueillies au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 avr. 2016 ... Par harcèlement sexuel, on ne désigne pas uniquement le viol et les autres formes d'agression sexuelle. Les jeunes Égyptiens, en particulier, considèrent que le harcèlement sexuel englobe aussi les attouchements, les remarques et les expressions faciales non désirés. Tant les données recueillies au ...

  14. HarassMap : la collecte de données grâce à l'impartition à grande ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    HarassMap : la collecte de données grâce à l'impartition à grande échelle appliquée aux sciences sociales. Au Caire, les femmes peuvent maintenant signaler les cas de viol, de harcèlement et d'agression grâce à HarassMap, un projet pilote mis en oeuvre dans cette ville d'Égypte. Partout dans le monde, la difficulté de ...

  15. Scrittura e militanza: due stagioni di donne cattoliche nei Paesi Bassi Spagnoli (secc. XVI e XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Mostaccio

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo è dedicato alla capacità d’azione mostrata da laiche e religiose nel contesto di due differenti stagioni dello scontro confessionale tra cattolici e protestanti nei Paesi Bassi Spagnoli. Donne attive in quanto militanti cattoliche. Tale scelta permette di considerare il modificarsi degli spazi d’azione femminile secondo il variare delle fasi storiche: dallo shock di fronte all’urto protestante alla rioganizzazione post-tridentina. L’analisi é condotta a partire da testi femminili (editi e inediti e dai loro contesti di produzione (dall’umanesimo erasmiano alla riconquista cattolica e iberica. Le città di Anversa e Bruxelles sono i luoghi in cui la poetessa e maestra di scuola Anna Bijns e quindi le carmelitane scalze spagnole Ana de Jesús e Ana de San Bartolomé si trovano ad agire. The article is devoted to secular and religious women’s agency in the framework of two different seasons of the confessional clash between Catholics and Protestants in the Early Modern Spanish Low-Countries. These women were catholic militants. The topic allow to follow changes in relation with female agency’s boundaries according to different periods: from the shocking time of Protestant first impact to the Catholic reset after the council of Trent. The analysis is based on printed and unprinted female texts, according to their context of production (the Erasmian humanism and the catholic and Spanish reconquest.The poetess and school teacher Anna Bijns as well as discalced Spanish Carmelites Ana de Jesús and Ana de San Bartolomé lived in Brussels and Antwerp.

  16. La nouvelle donne de la santé globale : dynamiques et écueils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marine Buissonnière

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Les quinze dernières années ont été marquées par l’avènement de nouveaux acteurs dans le champ de la santé globale et l’augmentation de l’aide au développement en faveur de la santé. Ces acteurs ont capté une partie importante des ressources privées et publiques supplémentaires disponibles et se sont imposés comme les pièces maîtresses de ce nouvel échiquier, aux dépens des institutions traditionnelles qui ont graduellement perdu leur prépondérance et ont vu leur leadership s’affaiblir. Les choix et politiques de santé ont peu à peu échappé à la seule autorité des institutions qui en avaient jusqu’alors le mandat et en assumaient la charge. Certains pans entiers de la santé sont désormais dominés par des financeurs privés, devenus de facto prescripteurs d’orientations de santé publique. Cette nouvelle donne pose des questions essentielles de gouvernance et de responsabilité. Qui décide des orientations ? Comment les décisions sont-elles prises ? Les pays destinataires de l’aide doivent encore trop souvent subir le manque de coordination des donateurs et l’absence d’alignement des agendas. Dans ce contexte, et en prenant acte de cette nouvelle réalité, quelques pistes mériteraient d’être explorées afin de garantir que les orientations en matière de santé globale reflètent au mieux la réalité des besoins et les aspirations des pays.

  17. Intoxicação crônica por cobre em ovelhas pastoreadas em pomar de videiras adubado com cama aviária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Alberto Oliveira Ribeiro

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho é relatado caso de intoxicação crônica por cobre (ICC ocorridos em rebanho ovino pastoreados em pomar de videiras, na serra Gaúcha; suplementados com bagaço de uva e concentrado. O pomar era aspergido anualmente com solução de sulfato de cobre a 2% e teve seu solo adubado com cama aviária. Os ovinos mostraram andar cambaleante, icterícia intensa das mucosas e urina escura, dos quais foram a óbito oito animais, correspondendo a 57% do total do rebanho. Os sinais clínicos e lesões histológicas foram características da ICC. A dosagem de Aspartato Aminotrasferase (AST no soro dos seis ovinos remanescentes variou de 48,8 a 403,3 UI/L. O nível de cobre encontrado na cama aviária, bagaço de uva, pastagem e concentrado foram de 637, 158, 86 e 18 mg/kg respectivamente. Conclui-se que os óbitos ocorreram devido ao alto nível de cobre encontrado na pastagem, bagaço de uva e concentrado administrado aos animais. Sugere-se também, o risco de dano ambiental no uso de cama aviária na adubação de pastagem, assim como a inadequação da alimentação de ovinos com bagaço de uva.

  18. Mapeamento do ambiente térmico de aviários de postura abertos em sistema vertical de criação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo J. de R. Coelho

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOObjetivou-se, com este trabalho monitorar, em tempo real, o ambiente térmico de um aviário de postura e realizar o mapeamento completo da distribuição das variáveis temperatura do ar, umidade relativa do ar e índice de temperatura e umidade no alojamento. O trabalho foi conduzido no mês de janeiro de 2013 em uma granja comercial de aves de postura, sistemas verticais, com seis andares de gaiolas. O aviário é totalmente automatizado possuindo 100.000 aves alojadas na densidade de 300 cm2 ave-1. A partir dos dados coletados foram determinadas as médias de temperatura e umidade relativa do ar para período diurno e noturno de diferentes posições na instalação. Os mapas térmicos resultantes demostram que ocorreu uma variabilidade térmica em diferentes posições espaciais no interior do aviário, com a região central apresentando temperaturas superiores às das extremidades porém dentro da faixa de conforto térmico das aves considerando a situação de temperaturas médias, durante calor extremo a temperatura interna na instalação alcançou 33 oC. A umidade relativa do ar apresentou pequenas variações durante o dia e maiores no período da noite. Em relação ao índice de temperatura e umidade a maior parte da instalação permaneceu dentro da faixa de conforto.

  19. JournalBase. Comparer les bases de données scientifiques internationales en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article dresse un tableau comparatif des contenus des bases de données et des listes de référence qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS. Il s’appuie sur JournalBase publié le 25 juin 2009 dans Cybergeo. Cette étude porte sur les bases AHCI et SSCI du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters, de Scopus (publié par Elsevier, du European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publié par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l’AERES (Agence pour l’évaluation de la recherche en France. La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées correspondant à environ 10 000 journaux différents, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.L’article présente l’historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place par les auteurs, les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données. Les premiers résultats mettent en évidence une couverture plus large de la liste ERIH pour les sciences humaines et une surreprésentation des revues anglophones dans les bases de données commerciales pour l’ensemble des disciplines. L’objectif de ce travail est d’alerter sur les contenus de ces bases de données, au moment où les outils bibliométriques soulèvent maints débats quant à leur application dans le champ des sciences humaines et sociales.

  20. De meilleures données probantes sur les dons privés dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... mesurer l'ampleur, les sources et les réussites de la philanthropie ainsi que les facteurs qui la favorisent. ... et futures grâce à son vaste réseau de partenaires individuels et institutionnels. ... Framework Agreement between IISD and IDRC.

  1. Analyse de données de campagnes scientifiques relatives à la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 nov. 2014 ... pour les 3 espèces alors que la zone n'aurait d'effet que pour la ... Conclusion and application: These results can be taken into account in the framework of local fisheries ... Cap- Skiring constitue son principal port de pêche.

  2. Réseau ibéro-américain d'analyse de données sur la criminalité et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Grâce à ce projet, le Red Iberoamericana de Análisis de Datos de la Delincuencia (RIADD) sera en mesure de recueillir et d'analyser des données sur la criminalité et la sécurité dans 14 pays d'Amérique latine. Les résultats permettront de constituer une base de données statistiques exhaustive et fiable sur la criminalité, ...

  3. Son Preference in Pakistan; A Myth or Reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atif, Khaula; Ullah, Muhammad Zia; Afsheen, Afeera; Naqvi, Syed Abid Hassan; Raja, Zulqarnain Ashraf; Niazi, Saleem Asif

    2016-01-01

    To analyze desire for sons/daughters among ladies of Peshawar, Pakistan, with a view to rule out son preference and to study impact of various demographic characteristics on the subject. Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar, from August 2015 - January 2016; sampling technique was random/probability/non-purposive. Self-designed questionnaire was utilized; carrying questions pertinent to desire for sons/daughters during marital life, and demographic details. Data analyzed via descriptive analysis (SPSS-21), expressed as frequencies/percentages and mean ± standard deviation(minimum/maximum). Sons and daughters desired (dependent variables) were cross-tabulated with independent variables. Response rate was 63.25% (n-506). Data revealed following: Sons desired 3.05±2.061(1/12); Daughters desired 1.15±0.767(0/4); 6.1%(n-31) and 0.6%(n-3) desired infinite number of sons and daughters respectively, 18.2%(n-92) did not desire to have even one daughter, while 2.2%(n-11) considered it immaterial to have daughters or sons. There was a significant relation between sons desired and client's education (pGender discrimination can be attenuated by adequately addressing son preference at all tiers.

  4. Son preference among the historical Sandžak Muslim population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čvorović Jelena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to explain parental son preferences among historical Muslim population in the Sandžak region, southwestern Serbia. The paper draws upon data collected in the course of anthropological fieldwork studies in the region. The fieldwork was performed among Muslim and Christian families in Serbian rural area of Sandžak, measuring maternal fitness in relation to several variables. The data set comes from 120 women born between 1880-1924, representing so a historical demographic data based on individual and lineage records. These data were complemented with official records from Archive of Novi Pazar, whenever possible. In this Serbian rural area, land is still considered as an abundant resource, useful in establishing a family, livestock or agriculture. In the past, in spite of yearly fluctuations in production, lands and labor constituted a stable source of wealth from generation to generation. In this study, the data include the socio-economic status of each woman, assigned according to her husband’s family economic status: land-ownership vs. landless. This represents differences in resource availability in terms of nutrition, wealth and workload among these women. As the results show, the Muslim families, on average, left more surviving descendants through sons, in contrast with their Christian counterparts. The basic research question, then, is why? Furthermore, what were the impacts of particular behaviors on reproductive and lineage success, under particular social and ecological conditions? In this sample, regarding the Muslim families, the family structure was/is traditional and stratified, characterized by a large disparity in the status of males and females. Patrilineal inheritance, the concentration of wealth and power in males and the social restriction of women all characterize even today this patriarchal family arrangement. This supports the Trivers-Willard hypothesis, especially in terms of sex-biased parental

  5. O papel do biólogo no gerenciamento do perigo aviário em aeroportos = The role of biologist in airport bird hazard management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bezerra, George Christian Linhares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A segurança operacional da aviação demanda o gerenciamento do perigo aviário. A maior parte dos eventos de colisão entre aves e aeronaves ocorre nas proximidades dos aeroportos, o que está relacionado à menor altitude de voo e concentração de aves devido a fatores atrativos. O artigo foca o papel do profissional de ciências biológicas no processo de gerenciamento do perigo aviário em aeroportos, tendo como objetivo descrever as atividades por ele executadas. A pesquisa consistiu de revisão da literatura, identificação da regulamentação aplicável e as práticas adotadas e, através de estudo de caso realizado em aeroporto localizado na região amazônica, foi possível coletar informações de interesse para a pesquisa. Os resultados apontam que o biólogo atua especificamente na identificação do perigo, identificando focos de atração de aves, espécies presentes e hábitos de comportamento. Além disso, assessora a avaliação de risco com informações sobre a probabilidade da ocorrência de colisões e sobre a gravidade das suas consequências

  6. A test of the "sexy son" hypothesis: sons of polygynous collared flycatchers do not inherit their fathers' mating status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafsson, Lars; Qvarnström, Anna

    2006-02-01

    According to the original "sexy son" hypothesis, a female may benefit from pairing with an already-mated male despite a reduction in fecundity because her sons inherit their father's attractiveness. We used data from a long-term study of collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis) collected during 24 years to test this prediction. Our results show that the sons of polygynously mated females fledged in poor condition and therefore did not inherit their father's large forehead patch (a condition-dependent display trait) or mating status. From the female's perspective, polygynous pairing resulted in fewer recruited grandchildren than did a monogamous pairing. The reproductive value of sons did not outweigh the fecundity costs of polygyny because the low paternal care reduced the attractiveness of sons. When there are long-lasting parental effects on offspring attractiveness, costs of polygyny may include the production of nonsexy sons.

  7. A Letter from a Black Mom to Her Son

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Dyan

    2012-01-01

    An African American mother and teacher educator uses examples from her own childhood to describe how she hopes her child will be treated by teachers, and what she fears. In her letter to her son, the African American mom expresses how she want teachers to know her son's journey to school--metaphorically and physically. She wants them to know that…

  8. Son preference in rural China: patrilineal families and socioeconomic change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Rachel; Tao, Ran; Lu, Xi

    2011-01-01

    This article draws on a survey conducted in six provinces in summer 2008 to investigate the determinants of son preference in rural China. The analysis confirms the conventional wisdom that son preference is embedded within patrilineal family structures and practices. We extend our analysis by exploring specific aspects of variation within patrilineal family culture. We find that the patrilineal group (clan) composition of villages and family participation in practices such as building ancestral halls and updating genealogies significantly influence son preference. Yet even though son preference is embedded within patrilineal family culture, our analysis suggests that over time the attenuation of son preference is likely. This is because determinants associated with socioeconomic change—for instance, higher levels of education, direct exposure to official policy education materials, higher income (a proxy for rural industrialization), and agricultural mechanization—all attenuate son preference. Being younger and female are also associated with weaker son preference, and both characteristics are likely to interact with education and industrialization to further dilute son preference in the longer term. Nevertheless, our findings suggest that concerted efforts are needed to ameliorate institutional discrimination against rural people in welfare provisioning and in labor markets, and to promote multiple dimensions of gender equality, including in land rights, wage rates, and education.

  9. Son preference in a rural village in North Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bélanger, Danièle

    2002-12-01

    This article explores the continuing preference for sons in the context of low fertility in Vietnam. Although the total fertility rate for Vietnam declined from 6.0 children per woman of reproductive age in 1979 to 2.2 children in 1998, demographic evidence shows that son preference remains strong and influences contraceptive and fertility behavior. This study examines the underlying factors for son preference in a rural village in North Vietnam. The methodology includes focus-group discussions, an in-depth study of 25 families, and ethnographic observation. Results indicate that sons are highly desired for their social, symbolic, and economic value. In spite of four decades of socialist policies aimed at reducing gender-based inequalities and at weakening the patriarchal kinship system, the desire for sons continues to drive the family-building process. The article also indicates a gap between discourse and social practice with respect to roles assigned to children on the basis of their sex.

  10. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Sénégal : Des données au service de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 déc. 2010 ... Mais depuis, les enquêtes menées dans la commune, l'adoption d'un système de suivi communautaire de la pauvreté et la création d'un observatoire des conditions de vie ont changé la donne, et les citoyens en bénéficient. Apportez votre clé USB si vous avez rendez-vous avec El Hadj Malick Diop, maire ...

  11. Alfred Donné and Léon Foucault: the first applications of electricity and photography to medical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, William

    2006-03-01

    The first electric projecting microscope and the first published photomicrographs harnessed recent technological developments to provide improved methods of medical illustration for educational purposes. Both projects were the work of two Frenchmen. The impetus came from the microscopist Dr Alfred Donné (1801-78), discoverer of trichomonas vaginalis and leukaemia. Implementation was primarily by his medical-student assistant, Léon Foucault (1819-68), who later gained fame as a physicist, especially with his pendulum demonstration of the Earth's rotation.

  12. Apport de diverses sources de données à la réalisation d’une intervention ergonomique Contribution of various data sources to an ergonomics intervention Contribución de diversas fuentes de datos en la realización de una intervención ergonómica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denys Denis

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available La recherche présentée est une réflexion méthodologique sur la démarche d’intervention en ergonomie. Les objectifs de l’étude étaient de préciser la contribution de neuf sources de données à la réalisation d’une intervention ergonomique. Un suivi a posteriori d’une recherche terrain en intervention visant à réduire les TMS dans un magasin-entrepôt du secteur commerce de détail a été réalisé. Neuf sources de données utilisées classiquement en ergonomie ont été analysées : questionnaires, données d’entretiens, données d’observation. Il ressort que, relativement aux données d’observation, les données d’entretiens apportent plus d’informations et couvrent un plus grand nombre de thèmes. Les données d’observation sont toutefois plus précises. Ce sont les données d’entretiens individuels et les autoconfrontations qui sont les plus riches, car elles permettent un plus grand nombre de liens entre les différents thèmes couverts. Les données d’entretiens contribuent à la construction sociale de l’intervention et à l’évolution des représentations des participants. Les données d’observation, par leur caractère chiffré, ont le pouvoir de convaincre l’employeur de la sévérité des différents problèmes. Il ressort que la majorité des informations recueillies par les diverses sources sont de nouvelles informations (54,7 %, un moins grand nombre étant des précisions (34,6 % ; seulement 11 % des informations sont des confirmations. Ainsi, on continue d’apprendre tout au long des diverses sources de données. Il faut donc voir le diagnostic ergonomique comme se précisant graduellement au travers des différentes sources de données par une construction progressive de l’information tout au long de l’intervention. La conclusion fait le point sur l’apport de cette étude. Les auteurs estiment que l’étude amène une réflexion en profondeur permettant de préciser les

  13. L’involution géographique : des données géosociales aux algorithmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teriitutea Quesnot

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Les données géolocalisées émanant du web social suscitent actuellement un vif intérêt chez les géographes. Certains voient en elles un potentiel indéniable pour la recherche académique. D’autres, en revanche, se contentent d’émettre des réserves quant à leur réelle utilité. Je soutiens pour ma part que les bénéfices que nous pouvons tirer de leur analyse sont très minces, voire inexistants ; pour peu que l’on considère l’espace non pas comme une simple étendue, mais comme un véritable contenu de la relation sociale. Trois arguments que j’explicite ici me poussent à formuler une telle affirmation : les « données » « géosociales » sont (1 fabriquées de toute pièce par des sociétés privées dont l’objectif premier est d’engranger des capitaux, (2 dépourvues de contexte et de ce fait (3 uniquement interprétables en termes de position.

  14. The Telephone Connection: An Interview with Ernest Hemingway's Son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Workman, Brooke

    1979-01-01

    Relates how a conference call to Ernest Hemingway's son, Gregory, resolved questions and brought understanding and excitement to a group of Iowa high school students enrolled in a 12-week Hemingway seminar. (FL)

  15. The discovery and exploration of Hang Son Doong

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Limbert, H.; Limbert, D.; Hieu, N.; Phai, V. V.; Kinh Bac, D.; Phuong, T. H.; Granger, D.

    2016-08-01

    Hang Son Doong is located in the Phong Nha Ke Bang Limestone Massif in Quang Binh Province, Central Vietnam. Cave exploration by British cavers has been continuous in this area since 1990. Hang Son Doong is part of the Phong Nha Cave system which runs from the southern end of the National Park near the Lao border to the final resurgence at Phong Nha Cave. (Author)

  16. Du simple relevé de végétation à la gestion des données sur la biodiversité : problèmes liées à la construction d’une base de données sur la flore alpine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SPIEGELBERGER, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available À partir de l'exemple de constitution de la base de données FloRem sur la flore alpine, cet article nous présente ici les difficultés, les avantages et limites d'une telle base pour la valorisation de données de diversité végétale sur le long terme.

  17. Estudos experimentais com isolados do metapneumovirus aviário (aMPV) subtipos A e B em frangos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    Márcia Bianchi dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    Resumo: O Metapneumovirus aviário (aMPV) pertence à família Paramyxoviridae, subfamília Pneumovirinae, gênero Metapneumovirus. O vírus, relatado pela primeira vez no Brasil em 1995, é o agente etiológico da Rinotraqueíte em perus (TRT) e está associado também à Síndrome da Cabeça Inchada (SHS) em frangos e poedeiras comerciais. O presente estudo foi dividido em três partes. Na primeira foi avaliada a suscetibilidades de oito sistemas celulares para a propagação de amostras virais do aMPV subt...

  18. Intégration de données temps-réel issues de capteurs dans un entrepôt de données géo-décisionnel

    OpenAIRE

    Mathieu, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Nous avons pu, au cours des dernières années, assister à une augmentation du nombre de capteurs utilisés pour mesurer des phénomènes de plus en plus variés. En effet, nous pouvons aujourd'hui utiliser les capteurs pour mesurer un niveau d'eau, une position (GPS), une température et même le rythme cardiaque d'un individu. La grande diversité de capteurs fait d'eux aujourd'hui des outils par excellence en matière d'acquisition de données. En parallèle à cette effervescence, les outils d'analyse...

  19. NON SOLO LINGUA. I CORSI DI ITALIANO L2 PER DONNE MIGRANTI TRA BISOGNI LINGUISTICI E DESIDERIO DI INTEGRAZIONE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Solcia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Come si organizza un corso di italiano L2 per donne migranti? Perché questi corsi si differenziano dalle altre proposte formative rivolte ad adulti immigrati? Basandosi sulle indicazioni del vademecum Tutte le mamme a scuola, il presente contributo cerca di rispondere a queste domande analizzando i bisogni linguistici delle donne migranti, interrogandosi su quale italiano insegnare, su quale metodo didattico adottare con particolare attenzione all’approccio autobiografico e all’“imparare facendo” e presentando i libri di testo rivolti a questa tipologia di apprendenti. Le tre interviste in appendice, raccolte in tre diversi centri che si occupano di corsi di italiano L2 per donne immigrate, raccontano come tutte queste indicazioni possano essere messe in pratica per cercare di soddisfare quel desiderio di integrazione e promozione sociale di cui le allieve si fanno portatrici,  che rende la classe di lingua non solo il luogo in cui si impara a parlare italiano, ma anche un laboratorio sociale in cui sperimentare modi diversi di approcciarsi e di considerare la diversità.     Not only language. Italian L2 for migrant women between linguistic needs and the desire for integration.   How is an Italian L2 course organized for migrant women? Why are these courses different from other classes designed for adult immigrants? Based on the indications in the handbook Tutte le mamme a scuola, this article tries to answer these questions analyzing the linguistic needs of migrant women, considering what Italian should be taught, what teaching method should be used with special attention placed on the autobiographical approach and “learning by doing”. The three interviews in the appendix, from three different centers which offer Italian L2 courses to immigrant women, tell about how these indications can be put into practice to satisfy the desire for the integration and social inclusion of these students, making the language class more than a

  20. THE MOTIF OF THE PRODIGAL SON IN IVAN TURGENEV'S NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Ivanovna Gabdullina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The author questions the perception of Ivan Turgenev as a “non- Christian writer” and studies the problem of the prodigal son motif functioning in a series of his novels. In his novels, Turgenev pictured different phases of the archetypal story, originating from the Gospel parable of the prodigal son. In the novel Rudin he depicted the phase of spiritual wanderings of the hero who had lost touch with his native land — Russia. In his next novels (Home of the Gentry, Fathers and Sons and Smoke, after leading his hero in circles and sending him back to his paternal home, Turgenev reconstructs the model of human behavior, represented in the parable, thereby recognizing the immutability of the idea formalized in the Gospel. The motif of the return to Russian land gets its completion in Turgenev's last novel Virgin Soil, in which the author paradoxically connects the Westernist idea with the Gospel imperative. Solomin, the son of a deacon, sent by his wise father out to Europe “to get education”, studies in England, masters the European knowledge and returns back “to his native land” to establish his own business in inland Russia. Thus, a series of Turgenev's novels, in which he portrayed different phases of social life, are interlinked with the motif of the prodigal son, who is represented by novels' main characters.

  1. The experience of sons caring for a parent with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Eilis; Ryan, Assumpta A

    2014-11-01

    This study explored the experiences of sons caring for a parent with dementia. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of sons (n = 13) in a rural part of Ireland. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed for common themes. The key themes that emerged were 'the parental bond', 'a binding role', 'coordinating care and support' and a 'getting on with it' approach to care. The study highlighted the commitment of sons to their caregiving role and the strong sense of duty that motivated them to provide care. The findings suggested that while many aspects of the caregiving experience such as lack of information and support are gender neutral, there are differences in the caregiving experiences of men and women in how they view their relationship with their parent and in the management of their caregiving role that merit further investigation. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  2. Libération des données géographiques à Ouagadougou – Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Bonnet

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction En Afrique de l’Ouest, les bases de données géographiques ne font pas l’objet d’une production fréquente et systématique. Elles sont plus généralement produites dans le cadre de programmes ponctuels, qu’ils soient consacrés à la recherche ou réalisés dans le cadre de consultations ou d’étude territoriales. En conséquence, la mise en commun et la réalisation d’observatoires sont rares. S’il existe des projets généraux environnementaux comme SIG Afrique ou des SIG dédiés à des proj...

  3. À la recherche du schwa : données, méthodes et théories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durand Jacques

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail sur les variétés du français se donne pour objet l’étude du schwa. Ce terme, qui était déjà utilisé par Arnauld et Lancelot dans la fameuse grammaire dite de Port-Royal (1660, n’est ni meilleur ni pire que des termes concurrents comme « e muet » ou « e caduc ». En effet, quelques simples rappels historiques démontrent que ce qui une entité phonologique pour certains est une illusion pour d’autres. Nous opposerons, en particulier, la tradition fonctionnaliste inaugurée par André Martinet (1945, 1969 à la tradition générative qui se déploie dans le sillage des travaux de Sanford Schane (1968 et François Dell (1973. Nous chercherons à montrer que le renouvellement des données qu’offre le programme Phonologie du Français Contemporain (PFC : usages, variétés et structure (Durand, Laks, Lyche 2009, 2014 permet de mieux cerner cet objet fugace qu’est le schwa dans la diversité des pratiques linguistiques. Au sein de l’hexagone, nous opposerons les variétés méridionales aux variétés septentrionales et comparerons nos résultats avec des travaux en cours sur le français en Suisse romande. Pour la position finale de mot, nos enquêtes démontrent que Martinet (1969 avait raison par rapport à la tradition générative de reconstruction de schwas sous-jacents abstraits. En ce qui concerne les syllabes initiales, nous montrons en revanche que la tradition générative représentée par Dell (1973, en particulier, est mieux en phase avec les données septentrionales ou suisses. Pour les variétés méridionales, nous montrons que chaque position au sein des mots (syllabe initiale, interne, finale requiert une analyse différente et que le système est en forte mutation. Nous examinons enfin le schwa en Suisse romande et présentons des travaux novateurs au sein du programme PFC (Andreassen et Racine 2013 sur la durée de la réalisation du schwa dans trois variétés : les locuteurs vaudois et

  4. Types of sons/siblings, fraternal function and peers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Brunori

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author starts by exploring family dynamics using the psychodynamic-groupanalytic paradigm to explore the intertwined relationships amongst the family figures like son, daughter, parents and sibling. The work focuses on the analysis of the psychological aspects related to siblings in the family, birth order and their consequences.

  5. Understanding Motherhood as Maturation: Maternity Scripts in Lois Lowry's "Son"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deszcz-Tryhubczak, Justyna; Marecki, Mateusz

    2015-01-01

    When put together with the other parts of The Giver Quartet, "Son" (2012), Lowry's recently published concluding book, emerges as an odd exception to the focus on young adult protagonists since it foregrounds the mother's perspective and addresses the issue of motherhood. It presents the reader with at least three conceptual models of…

  6. Supersymmetric vector multiplets in nonadjoint representations of SO(N)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash

    2007-01-01

    In the conventional formulation of N=1 supersymmetry, a vector multiplet is supposed to be in the adjoint representation of a given gauge group. We present a new formulation with a vector multiplet in the nonadjoint representation of SO(N) gauge group. Our basic algebra is [T I ,T J ]=f IJK T K , [T I ,U i ]=-(T I ) ij U j , [U i ,U j ]=-(T I ) ij T I , where T I are the generators of SO(N), while U i are the new ''generators'' in certain nonadjoint real representation R of SO(N). We use here the word generator in the broader sense of the word. Such a representation can be any real representation of SO(N) with the positive definite metric, satisfying (T I ) ij =-(T I ) ji and (T I ) [ij| (T I ) |k]l ≡0. The first nontrivial examples are the spinorial 8 S and conjugate spinorial 8 C representations of SO(8) consistent with supersymmetry. We further couple the system to chiral multiplets and show that a Higgs mechanism can give positive definite (mass) 2 to the new gauge fields for U i . We show an analogous system working with N=1 supersymmetry in 10D, and thereby N=4 system in 4D interacting with extra multiplets in the representation R. We also perform superspace reformulation as an independent confirmation

  7. A case of aneurysmal bone cyst in father and son

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leithner, A.; Windhager, R.; Kainberger, F.; Lang, S.

    1998-01-01

    The authors report a familial case of primary aneurysmal bone cyst in father and son, affecting both at the same location at nearly the same age. This fact again raises the speculation of a genetic link as another factor in the pathogenesis of aneurysmal bone cyst

  8. La croissance demographique et son impact sur le developpement ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La croissance demographique et son impact sur le developpement des grandes villes au ... La ville de Porto-Novo au Bénin n'est pas en marge de cette réalité que ... and the need for improving its framework of life through its development.

  9. ¿Son los obreros idiotas e irracionales?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José León

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos un análisis crítico de la aproximación posmoderna y posestructuralista a la cuestión de la subjetividad obrera. El examen evidencia que: a algunas de sus proposiciones explicativas son internamente contradictorias o lógicamente inconsistentes; b en otras ocasiones la contradicción se produce entre las distintas proposiciones que la teoría ofrece para explicar un mismo fenómeno; c son frecuentes las contradicciones entre las proposiciones explicativas y los principios teóricos de los que se derivan; d es común la falta de inteligibilidad de las proposiciones; e abundan los "agujeros negros" en las cadenas de acontecimientos que se presentan como previos a la producción del efecto que pretenden explicar, y f muchas de sus proposiciones o bien no son plausibles empíricamente o simplemente no son empíricamente testables. Atribuimos a estas deficiencias la responsabilidad del fracaso de los autores posmodernos en su intento por recuperar la agencia obrera en los estudios del proceso de trabajo.

  10. SO(N) reformulated link invariants from topological strings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borhade, Pravina; Ramadevi, P.

    2005-01-01

    Large N duality conjecture between U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory on S 3 and A-model topological string theory on the resolved conifold was verified at the level of partition function and Wilson loop observables. As a consequence, the conjectured form for the expectation value of the topological operators in A-model string theory led to a reformulation of link invariants in U(N) Chern-Simons theory giving new polynomial invariants whose integer coefficients could be given a topological meaning. We show that the A-model topological operator involving SO(N) holonomy leads to a reformulation of link invariants in SO(N) Chern-Simons theory. Surprisingly, the SO(N) reformulated invariants also has a similar form with integer coefficients. The topological meaning of the integer coefficients needs to be explored from the duality conjecture relating SO(N) Chern-Simons theory to A-model closed string theory on orientifold of the resolved conifold background

  11. The Transmission of Parenting from Fathers to Sons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofferth, Sandra L.; Pleck, Joseph H.; Vesely, Colleen K.

    2012-01-01

    SYNOPSIS Objective We address the extent to which parenting practices of fathers and mothers are associated with their sons’ parenting behaviors as young adults and whether adolescent behavior explains this association. Design Data come from 409 young men interviewed in the 2006 Young Adult study of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Results Men whose fathers were positively involved with them when growing up report more positive parenting of their own children, a direct effect. Less harsh mothering and more positive fathering are associated with reduced adolescent behavior problems, and positive mothering is associated with positive adjustment of these young men as adolescents. However, neither adolescent problem behavior nor positive adjustment is associated with young men’s fathering of their own children, and thus does not explain the association between the fathering young men received and their own fathering behavior. Conclusions Men’s parenting of their sons can have a long-term direct effect on how their sons parent their own children. Although parenting is associated with both positive and negative behaviors of sons during adolescence, these adolescent behaviors are not directly linked to later parenting behavior when sons have their own children. More research is needed to examine mediation mechanisms for the intergenerational transmission of parenting. PMID:23284271

  12. Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India: Weathering processes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    solute flux and CDR values. The water chemistry indicates that the Son River water is good to excellent .... to separate suspended sediments and preserved at. 4◦C for further ...... and waste water, 20th edn; American Public Health. Association ...

  13. Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India: Weathering processes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India: Weathering processes, dissolved fluxes and water quality assessment. Chinmaya Maharana, Sandeep Kumar Gautam,. Abhay Kumar Singh and Jayant K Tripathi. J. Earth Syst. Sci. 124(6) cO Indian Academy of Sciences. Supplementary data ...

  14. Major ion chemistry of the Son River, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The chemistry of major ions in the surface water of the Son River was studied in detail to determine various source(s) and processes controlling its water chemistry, seasonal and spatial variations in water chemistry, dissolved fluxes and chemical denudation rate (CDR). The study shows that Ca2+, Mg2+ and HCO 3 − are ...

  15. Reproductive Rights and Son Preference in India : Mobilizing ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This project is concerned with two overlapping manifestations of gender inequality in India : limited access to reproductive rights on the one hand, and practices associated with son preference on the other. Work that brings together these two issues is urgently needed, particularly in the context of declining funding for ...

  16. Benefits of Self-Organizing Networks (SON for Mobile Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olav Østerbø

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Self-Organizing Networks (SON is a collection of functions for automatic configuration, optimization, diagnostisation and healing of cellular networks. It is considered to be a necessity in future mobile networks and operations due to the increased cost pressure. The main drivers are essentially to reduce CAPEX and OPEX, which would otherwise increase dramatically due to increased number of network parameters that has to be monitored and set, the rapidly increasing numbers of base stations in the network and parallel operation of 2G, 3G and Evolved Packet Core (EPC infrastructures. This paper presents evaluations on the use of some of the most important SON components. Mobile networks are getting more complex to configure, optimize and maintain. Many SON functions will give cost savings and performance benefits from the very beginning of a network deployment and these should be prioritized now. But even if many functions are already available and can give large benefits, the field is still in its infancy and more advanced functions are either not yet implemented or have immature implementations. It is therefore necessary to have a strategy for how and when different SON functions should be introduced in mobile networks.

  17. allocution de son excellence l'ambassadeur du canada au burkina ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ali Anwer

    Population et Coordonnateur de l'Unité d'Appui Régional du. PARSEP ... habilitées à concevoir et à produire les instruments nécessaires au suivi de la ... Ces outils permettent le traitement et l'analyse des données relatives à la pauvreté qui ...

  18. Atividade da torta de nim sobre adultos do cascudinho dos aviários em condições de laboratório Activity of neem cake on adults of the lesser mealworm in laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Michelon Alves

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available O cascudinho dos aviários é considerado um importante problema mundial no sistema de produção avícola, por infestar os aviários e ser potencial vetor de patógenos às aves e ao ser humano. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar em laboratório a atividade da torta de nim, Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae como forma alternativa de controle de Alphitobius diaperinus Panzer (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae. A torta foi aplicada diretamente no substrato (ração para aves ou cama de aviário na quantidade de 100g m-2 do produto. Foram verificados os efeitos letais e subletais da torta contra adultos do cascudinho dos aviários, sendo eles: ação inseticida, efeito na oviposição, repelência e efeito na alimentação. A utilização de torta de nim pareceu não afetar a sobrevivência dos insetos, porém, a avaliação do efeito repelente, atividade alimentar e oviposição foram influenciados, sendo observada redução de 23% na oviposição e 21% na atividade alimentar.The lesser mealworm is one the most important problem to avian production system, being a potential vector of avian and other animal pathogens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the neem cake (Azadirachta indica A. Juss (Meliaceae as an alternative to control the Alphitobius diaperinus Panzer (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae. The neem cake was directly applied to substrates at 100g m-2 and were evaluated the lethal and sublethal effects to A. diaperinus adults, as mortality, oviposition, repellent effect and feeding. There was no effect on adult mortality, but were observed reduction of the oviposition (23%, repellent effect, and reduction of insect feeding (21%.

  19. 'SON-GO-KU' : a dream of automated library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Mamoru; Kishimoto, Juji

    In the process of automating libraries, the retrieval of books through the browsing of shelves is being overlooked. The telematic library is a document based DBMS which can deliver the content of books by simulating the browsing process. The retrieval actually simulates the process a person would use in selecting a book in a real library, where a visual presentation using a graphic display is substituted. The characteristics of prototype system "Son-Go-Ku" for such retrieval implemented in 1988 are mentioned.

  20. Integrating Equality - Globalization, Women's Rights, Son Preference and Human Trafficking

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Seo-Young

    2011-01-01

    Employing economic and social globalization indicators, we empirically analyze whether globalization affects women’s rights in the economic and social dimensions. Using panel data from 150 countries over the 1981-2008 period, we find that social globalization positively affects both women’s economic and social rights, while the impact of economic globalization disappears when controlling for social globalization. Furthermore, we find that social globalization also reduces ‘son preference’ pro...

  1. Ineficiência da Thuja occidentalis no tratamento dos poxvirus aviários Thuja occidentalis ineficiency in avian poxviruses treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Castelo Branco Chaves

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Medicações à base de Tuia (Thuja occidentalis são comuns em tratamentos homeopáticos e fitoterápicos, na medicina humana e veterinária. Suas propriedades imunoestimulantes e antivirais são descritas e sua utilização empírica no tratamento das poxviroses aviárias é recomendada por criadores e veterinários. Para avaliar o potencial terapêutico da Tuia sobre estas infecções, dois grupos (controle e teste de dez aves jovens foram inoculados por escarificação, com uma amostra de campo de poxvírus aviário. As aves inoculadas foram examinadas diariamente, quanto ao início e evolução das lesões, registrando-se o número e tamanho destas, até a cicatrização. Após o surgimento das lesões, o grupo teste recebeu a tintura alcoólica diluída na água de consumo. A análise experimental indicou que, nas condições empregadas, a utilização da Tuia não favoreceu a regressão ou restrição no desenvolvimento das lesões de pele promovidas pela infecção experimental.Arbor Vitae (Thuja occidentalis is widely used in homoeopathic and phytotherapic treatments,either for human or for animals. Its immunestimulating and antiviral properties have been described and its empiric use in the treatment of the avian poxvirosis is recommended by animal breeders and veterinarians. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of Arbor Vitae in these infections, two groups (control and test of 10 young birds were inoculated by scarification with a field sample of avian poxvirus. When lesions were first observed the test group received the Arbor Vitae alcoholic extract diluted in the drinking water. The birds were examined daily, from the beginning and evolution of the lesions to the healing. The results indicated that, in our experimental conditions, the use of T. occidentalis did not favor the regression or restriction in the development of the skin lesions promoted by the experimental infection.

  2. Método simples e acessível para determinar amônia liberada pela cama aviária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernandes Renata

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A amônia é um gás altamente irritante e causador de estresse às aves confinadas, o que leva à perda de peso, podendo até causar a morte. Por esse motivo, existe grande interesse em se determinar a quantidade de amônia liberada por diferentes camas aviárias e de diferentes condições, bem como os fatores que influenciam a produção desta substância. Assim, idealizou-se o presente trabalho com o objetivo de desenvolver e padronizar uma metodologia simples, acessível, exeqüível para avaliar camas de frangos submetidas a diferentes condições (diferentes tratamentos, tempos de confinamento e temperatura e capaz de determinar a potencialidade da liberação de amônia pela cama de frangos nos galpões. A metodologia baseou-se na adaptação do método da microdifusão, que consta da incubação da cama em um frasco de vidro com capacidade de 500 mL. Sobre a superfície do material incubado coloca-se um béquer de 50 mL contendo 10 mL de solução de ácido bórico 2% (m/v para fixar a amônia exalada pela cama aviária. Esse sistema é fechado e incubado por 15 horas a 30°C e, após, a solução fixadora é retirada e titulada com ácido sulfúrico 0,05 N, usando como indicador uma mistura de verde de bromocresol e alaranjado de metila. O método proposto apresenta precisão para ser usado em experimentos e utiliza material barato e reagentes facilmente encontrados nos laboratórios.

  3. De l’usage de l’intertexte biblique dans quelques poèmes de George Herbert et de John Donne Biblical Intertextuality in some Poems by George Herbert and John Donne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Breteau

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Controversial as the underlying theology of metaphysical poetry may be, such poets as George Herbert and John Donne extensively resorted to the use of the biblical intertext, and they had a thorough knowlege of both the hermeneutics and the poetics of their time. As a matter of fact, they cared more about conforming to the Word than to their Church’s rites and forms. And yet they did not read Scripture literally, but, like their contemporaries, freely indulged in the practice of typology, while displaying a great mastery of such poetic devices as emblems or conceits. Some differences can nevertheless be identified between Herbert’s and Donne’s respective approaches to religious poetry. In this study, a few poems are closely examined. “Easter Wings” and “Prayer I” can be seen to exemplify Herbert’s so-called “plain”, but in fact very elaborate, writing, while “Good Friday” and “At the round earth’s imagined corners” illustrate Donne’s paradoxical and ironical ways.

  4. The ultrasonic copper and brass decontamination study; Etude de la decontamination du cuivre et des laitons en presence d'ultra-sons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Courtault, J; Kerdelleau, J de; Mestre, E [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    The use of ultra-sounds as a decontamination technic does not bring an absolute solution. As a function of the materials it seemed necessary to find what was the optimum conditions for using the ultra-sounds and to define not only the ultra-sonic factors but also the chemical solutions which bring some appreciable decontamination factors without bringing any too important corrosion processus. This report gives the results of this study applied to copper and brass. This study allowed to select some effective treatment baths on the two types of contamination: plutonium and fission products. (authors) [French] L'emploi des ultra-sons comme technique de decontamination n'amene pas une solution absolue. Il est apparu necessaire de rechercher en fonction de la nature du materiau a decontaminer quelles etaient les conditions optimales d'utilisation des ultra-sons et de definir alors non seulement les facteurs ultrasoniques mais encore les solutions chimiques qui apportent des facteurs de decontamination appreciables sans amener des phenomenes de corrosion trop importants. Ce rapport donne les resultats de cette etude appliquee au cuivre et aux laitons. Cette etude a permis de selectionner des bains de traitement efficaces dans les deux cas de contamination: plutonium et produits de fission. (auteurs)

  5. Por qué todas las cuentas son falsas

    OpenAIRE

    Aerde, Michel van

    1994-01-01

    Los principales criterios para evaluación y decisión, en la sociedad actual, son inspirados por cálculos económicos. Mucho nos preocupamos de cuentas pero muy poco nos preguntamos de lo que es el dinero. Muy poco reflexionamos filosóficamente, ontológicamente, sobre la naturaleza misma del dinero. ¿Qué es esto que pretende ser la base de nuestra sociedad? El dinero es mentiroso por naturaleza. Es una representación de mucha vida, que no puede ser representada. El dinero es peligroso, se convi...

  6. Cryptorchidism and hypospadias in sons of gardeners and farmers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weidner, I S; Møller, H; Jensen, Tina Kold

    1998-01-01

    Cryptorchidism and hypospadias have been related to prenatal estrogen exposure in animal models. Some chemicals used in farming and gardening have been shown to possess estrogenic and other hormone-disrupting effects. Earlier studies have indicated increased risks of urogenital malformations...... in the sons of pesticide appliers. In the present study, parental occupation in the farming and gardening industry among 6,177 cases of cryptorchidism, 1,345 cases of hypospadias, and 23,273 controls, born live from 1983 to 1992 in Denmark, was investigated in a register-based case-control study...... of female gardeners could suggest an association with prenatal exposure to occupationally related chemicals....

  7. Like father, like son: the intergenerational cycle of adolescent fatherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipsma, Heather; Biello, Katie Brooks; Cole-Lewis, Heather; Kershaw, Trace

    2010-03-01

    Strong evidence exists to support an intergenerational cycle of adolescent fatherhood, yet such a cycle has not been studied. We examined whether paternal adolescent fatherhood (i.e., father of study participant was age 19 years or younger when his first child was born) and other factors derived from the ecological systems theory predicted participant adolescent fatherhood. Data included 1496 young males who were interviewed annually from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997. Cox regression survival analysis was used to determine the effect of paternal adolescent fatherhood on participant adolescent fatherhood. Sons of adolescent fathers were 1.8 times more likely to become adolescent fathers than were sons of older fathers, after other risk factors were accounted for. Additionally, factors from each ecological domain-individual (delinquency), family (maternal education), peer (early adolescent dating), and environment (race/ethnicity, physical risk environment)-were independent predictors of adolescent fatherhood. These findings support the need for pregnancy prevention interventions specifically designed for young males who may be at high risk for continuing this cycle. Interventions that address multiple levels of risk will likely be most successful at reducing pregnancies among partners of young men.

  8. Sexy sons: a dead end for cytoplasmic genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeh, Jeanne A

    2004-08-07

    Critics of sexual conflict theory argue that females may gain a net reproductive benefit from mating with manipulative males because the direct costs that they suffer may be offset by the production of sexy, i.e. manipulative, sons. However, this exclusive focus on nuclear gene effects represents an incomplete view of female fitness. Females differ fundamentally from males in transmitting not only nuclear genes but also a wide range of cytoplasmic genetic elements (CGEs) that can have profound effects, from male killing to influencing development of the nervous system and cognitive ability. Maternal transmission of CGEs has two major implications for sexual selection. First, the evolution of male fitness traits, such as sperm competitive ability, may be constrained because response to selection on mitochondrial genomes can occur only through the female line. Second, CGEs bear the direct costs of male manipulation but gain no indirect benefits when females produce sexy sons. This should result in perpetual antagonistic coevolution between nuclear genes involved in male manipulation and CGEs that promote female resistance to male sexually selected traits. Explicit consideration of the consequences of selection acting on CGEs is therefore necessary for a better understanding of the relationship between sexual selection and sexual conflict.

  9. Meaning of becoming mother and son/daughter through massage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Márquez Doren

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Revealing the experience of mothers when massaging their children to know the phenomenon in the context of a mother-child healthy development. Method: This is a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach carried out with 11 women who massaged their children and answered the guiding question: What did the experience of massaging your child mean to you? Results: The experience of massaging their children meant the development of their being a mother and of being a son/daughter, in addition to developing the attachment relationship between them. The massage can operationalize this integrality, become a tool of communication, stimulation and promotion of secure attachment, by promoting the loving interaction between mother and child. Conclusion: This practice should be considered as an option in the programs that promote the comprehensive health of the mother and child.

  10. Transgenerational effects of nutrition are different for sons and daughters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zizzari, Z V; van Straalen, N M; Ellers, J

    2016-07-01

    Food shortage is an important selective factor shaping animal life-history trajectories. Yet, despite its role, many aspects of the interaction between parental and offspring food environments remain unclear. In this study, we measured developmental plasticity in response to food availability over two generations and tested the relative contribution of paternal and maternal food availability to the performance of offspring reared under matched and mismatched food environments. We applied a cross-generational split-brood design using the springtail Orchesella cincta, which is found in the litter layer of temperate forests. The results show adverse effects of food limitation on several life-history traits and reproductive performance of both parental sexes. Food conditions of both parents contributed to the offspring phenotypic variation, providing evidence for transgenerational effects of diet. Parental diet influenced sons' age at maturity and daughters' weight at maturity. Specifically, being born to food-restricted parents allowed offspring to alleviate the adverse effects of food limitation, without reducing their performance under well-fed conditions. Thus, parents raised on a poor diet primed their offspring for a more efficient resource use. However, a mismatch between maternal and offspring food environments generated sex-specific adverse effects: female offspring born to well-fed mothers showed a decreased flexibility to deal with low-food conditions. Notably, these maternal effects of food availability were not observed in the sons. Finally, we found that the relationship between age and size at maturity differed between males and females and showed that offspring life-history strategies in O. cincta are primed differently by the parents. © 2016 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2016 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.

  11. Les Ilenti ou maudire son prochain en turc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altan Gokalp

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available La langue turque contemporaine dispopse d’un nombre important de formules d’invective et de malédiction qui relèvent d’un genre appelé ilenç ou ilenti, forme qui est connue depuis les premières inscriptions turques runiques de la Haute Asie. Bien que l’islam réprouve le fait de maudire son prochain, le genre issu d’une grande tradition turque ancienne est d’un usage commun chez les Turcs. Plus encore, la manière de maudire relève d’une tradition savante, d’un « Grand Parler » qui s’apparente aux genres littéraires les plus classiques comme l’épopée, le conte ou la poésie lyrique : la métrique, les rimes, l’usage des assonances obéissent aux mêmes règles que la grande tradition littéraire turque. En cela, le fait d’user de l’invective et de la malédiction est d’une certaine manière une prétention à la distinction et à la domination de l’autre. Les cibles de l’invective éclairent bien cette volonté de dominer et de détruire son ennemi (le corps, la famille, la maladie, une mort peu digne, etc..

  12. Le projet Petits Films : du retour aux participants à la valorisation des données

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piccoli Vanessa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En 2014, au sein du laboratoire ICAR (équipe InSitu / Cellule Corpus Complexe un projet appelé “Petits Films” a été conduit avec une double finalité : confectionner des petits films à partir de trois différents corpus et parallèlement mener une réflexion sur les modalités de réalisation, les finalités et les contraintes de ce type de réalisation. On considère que dans le domaine de l’analyse conversationnelle, dans lequel les chercheurs recourent de plus en plus à des corpus de données vidéo, la réalisation d’un petit film peut représenter non seulement un retour pour les participants, mais aussi un moyen de valorisation du corpus, d’un type d’approche en linguistique et plus largement de l’activité du laboratoire de recherche. Grâce à leur forme agréable et à leur courte durée, les petits films sont conçus pour la diffusion et la valorisation des méthodologies et des recherches, ils sont accessibles pour un large public, même de non-experts. Cependant, il est nécessaire de réfléchir aux questions juridiques et déontologiques que soulève cette opération.

  13. Tratamento psicológico do medo de viajar de avião, a partir do modelo cognitivo: caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remor Eduardo Augusto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentar-se-á um caso clínico com a avaliação e tratamento psicológico, a partir do modelo cognitivo, de uma mulher de 32 anos, que apresenta medo de voar de avião. A avaliação e o diagnóstico foram feitos através da entrevista clínica, utilizando os critérios do DSM-IV, e aplicou-se com medidas pré e pós-tratamento o Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck (BAI e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI. As técnicas utilizadas no tratamento foram: dar informação, treinamento em relaxamento, tarefas comportamentais, dessensibilização sistemática em imaginação, detecção de distorções cognitivas, discussão de idéias irracionais e auto-exposição in vivo. Os objetivos terapêuticos foram alcançados através de uma intervenção de nove sessões de terapia, de periodicidade semanal, adicionando ao processo terapêutico biblioterapia como tarefa para casa. A intervenção alcançou mudanças positivas e a melhoria mantém-se depois de um seguimento de dois e de quatro meses trás o final do tratamento.

  14. El avión de la muda: herramienta de apoyo a la enseñanza-aprendizaje práctico de la manufactura esbelta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván Pérez Rave

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una herramienta denominada "El avión de la muda", diseñada para complementar la clase magistral de la Manufactura esbelta, con elementos prácticos que permitan incorporar principios constructivistas, de aprendizaje colaborativo, lúdico y basado en problemas, en los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje de: 7 mudas, 5¿S y gerencia visual. Esta herramienta es expuesta partiendo de un marco teórico sobre manufactura esbelta y de algunas teorías de aprendizaje; luego, es ofrecida a nivel de: caso de estudio, materiales, distribución, roles, gama de proceso y corridas de producción con su respectiva caracterización en términos de tiempos de ciclo y tack time. Desde el punto de vista académico se llena un vacío en el ámbito específi co para el que fue desarrollada, y además, a nivel general se proporciona información útil para docentes, estudiantes, investigadores y consultores, que dada su esencia, es viable también utilizarla para otros temas de la misma área, como: balanceo de línea, kanban, justo a tiempo, distribución en planta y control de calidad. Igualmente, sirve como base para que, por medio de su adaptación, pueda utilizarse en otros saberes. A nivel práctico, dado su diseño, simplicidad y accesibilidad a los materiales que se requieren, este trabajo puede ser empleado tal cual en procesos de introducción a la manufactura esbelta de cualquier entidad.

  15. BAKUNIN'S SON, A DIALOGIC NOVEL BY SERGIO ATZENI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masina Depperu (Universidade de Lisboa

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Bakunin’s Son, a short novel by Sergio Atzeni, is the perfect embodiment of Bakhtin’s theory of the dialogic novel. The author sets his stories and characters - mostly humble outcast defeated people - in his own homeland, Sardinia. The accurately planned structure as an interview to thirty-two people reflects a multifarious reality with its complex rules and mentality expressed through different points of view, languages and ideologies. The protagonist’s story may result contradictory according to the different opinions of people who met him. Also the choice of a hybrid language contributes to create a highly connoted cultural context. In Bakunin’s Son, in fact, the Italian and the Sardinian overlap in a manner that cannot be distinguished or graphically marked, since form and meaning are fused together.Key words: dialogic novel, hybrid language.O filho de Bakunin, um romance polifónico de Sergio AtzeniO romance breve de Sergio Atzeni, O filho de Bakunin, è a perfeita exemplificação da teoria bachtininana do romance polifónico. O autor insere as histórias e as persona gens, geralmente abatidas, pessoas humildes e marginalizadas, na sua terra natal, a Sardenha. A história è estruturada na forma de entrevista a trinta e duas persona gens que com os seus pontos de vista criam una realidade multi-facetada e subjectiva. A vida de Tullio Saba, o protagonista, está narrada às vezes em modo contraditório e, por isso, os factos podem ser divergentes nas opiniões de quem esteve mais ou menos em contacto directo com ele. O uso característico de um instrumento linguístico híbrido, a meio caminho entre o italiano e o sardo, conota não somente o léxico mas também a estruturação inteira do discurso que atinge o efeito final pretendido pelo autor de descrever uma diversa ealidade antropológico-cultural.Palavras chave: romance polifónico, instrumento linguístico híbrido

  16. Importância e medidas de controle para Alphitobius diaperinus em aviários Importance and measures of control for Alphitobius diaperinus in poultry houses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Karoline Japp

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O crescimento da produção avícola provocado pela alta demanda do mercado acarreta um aumento da criação de aves em confinamento, o que resulta em um aumento da densidade das aves dentro do galpão. Em função disso, há um incremento da umidade da cama aviária, proveniente tanto das excretas das aves, como da água dos bebedouros, que favorece o crescimento de populações do coleóptero Alphitobius diaperinus, popularmente conhecido como cascudinho. O contato direto do inseto com a cama das aves, assim como a alimentação a partir de aves moribundas e mortas, faz do A. diaperinus um veiculador de diversos patógenos, sendo destacados bactérias, protozoários e vírus que causam imunossupressão nas aves. Além da relação com os patógenos, os cascudinhos podem provocar danos nas instalações avícolas, pois, na fase larval, escavam túneis no material isolante para empuparem e destroem a proteção de poliuretano usada para isolamento térmico dos galpões em países de clima frio, a qual precisa ser trocada a cada dois ou três anos. Outro fator prejudicial às aves é a substituição da ração balanceada por larvas e adultos do coleóptero, uma vez que afeta o ganho de peso, principalmente, das mais jovens. Frente ao exposto, a presença do cascudinho em instalações avícolas torna-se um problema, tanto sanitário, como financeiro. O controle do A. diaperinus é considerado difícil, e inseticidas químicos são comumente utilizados em aviários, mas apresentam desvantagens, pois deixam resíduos na carcaça, bem como no meio ambiente. A presença de alta quantidade de matéria orgânica nos aviários provoca a diminuição da efetividade dos inseticidas químicos. Vários estudos vêm sendo desenvolvidos na busca de alternativas, como, por exemplo, nematoides e fungos entomapatogênicos, mas até o momento não são produzidos em escala comercial. Outra linha de pesquisa é a utilização de terra diatomácea, um p

  17. The global tantalum industry and Sons of Gwalia Ltd

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paull, D.

    2002-01-01

    Sons of Gwalia Ltd., in Perth Australia is a long-term supplier of tantalum (Ta), a valuable rare metal with adequate supply. Tantalum is soft and ductile with high melting and boiling points and a low co-efficient of thermal expansion. It has excellent capacity to store and release electrical charge and offers exceptional resistance to corrosion. Its' main use is in consumer electronics such as mobile phones, laptop computers, DVD players, personal video recorders and MP-3 players. For automotive electronics, tantalum is used for air-bags, audio systems, navigation systems, anti-lock break systems and under the hood vehicle management systems. The super alloy is also in demand by the aerospace industry and for turbine blades for power stations. The total demand of Tantalum in 2000 was 5 million lbs. Demand growth has increased steadily since 1993 with perhaps a slight increase in the past 5 years. Resources are estimated at a 125 year supply based on year 2000 production rates. 41 per cent of the world supply of tantalum is obtained from Australia, 13 per cent from Africa, 16 per cent from America, 22 per cent from Asia. The Greenbushes mine in Australia is the world's largest tantalum mine with 80 million lbs Ta, followed by Australia's Wodgina Mine with 50 million lbs Ta. Both mines are expected to be operational for the next 25 years. 12 figs

  18. Jean Alesi and his son Giuliano visited CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Emma Jones

    2010-01-01

    Jean Alesi, former F1 racing driver, and his kids visited CERN on Monday 1st February 2010. The Bulletin and the Video productions team had the opportunity to meet him. The video interview is transcribed for your convenience. What attracted you to CERN, what was it that made you want to come? We talked at home with the children about places to see close to us, like CERN, where they are seeking to reproduce the origins of the world. These things are so far removed from what we ordinarily think and talk about, that they captured our imagination and made us want to come see for ourselves. We know that your son (Giuliano, 9 years) is interested in what is happening at CERN, so we'd like to ask him: how did he find out about it? Giuliano: I am very interested in the technologies used in laboratories, and the exploration of the Universe. Plus, I wanted to see some of the incredible machines. I enjoyed my visit a lot. I found out about CERN from my mother. She showed me a video that I really liked, so I wanted to...

  19. ¿Son las mujeres una minoría?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osborne, Raquel

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    El clásico tratamiento de las mujeres como minoría desde la sociología se halla contemporáneamente interrelacionado con las políticas de igualdad tejidas en torno a las mujeres. Pasado y presente, teoría y práctica se unen para mostrar que las teorías no son accidentales ni fortuitas sino que acarrean importantes consecuencias en la acción, pudiendo dar lugar a intervenciones en la vida pública, que es lo que, a mi entender, confiere su sentido a la. sociología y, en particular, a la sociología del género. El título alude a la existencia de un importante desarrollo en sociología de la temática de las minorías, que traemos a colación por cuanto desde muy temprano dicha ciencia refirió este tema a las mujeres, desarrollo que seguiremos en este artículo. La conceptualización de las mujeres como minoría se traducirá, en términos de políticas públicas, en lo que se conoce como medidas de acción o discriminación positiva impulsadas, en lo que a las mujeres atañe, por el movimiento feminista.

  20. State supervision of SONS in the mammographic departments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jursikova, E.; Kodl, O.

    2008-01-01

    State Office for Nuclear Safety has been performed the state supervision over radiation protection at all mammographic centres in the Czech Republic. Inspections are carried out on the basis of requirements of: Act No. 18/1997 Coll., Atomic Act, subsequently amended; Act No. 552/1991 Coll., Supervision Act, subsequently amended; Decree No. 307 /2002 Coll., On radiation protection, as amended by Decree No. 499/2005 Coll. 137 mammography X-ray units have been used actively by 108 independent licensees since 1 September 2008. The mammography screening program started in September 2002. The screening program was carried out at 59 working places last year and already at 66 workplaces with accreditation from 1 up to 3 years this year. The activity of the centres is monitored and inspected continuously (not only by SONS). Inspections at 35 workplaces were carried out last year .The doses are significantly below guidance levels at major part of working places. Most of detected defects were eliminated after inspections. The quality of mammographic workplaces in the Czech Republic has been gradually increased and improved. (authors)

  1. Avaliação in vitro da atividade antiviral de extratos de plantas frente ao metapneumovirus aviário (AMPV) e vírus respiratório sincicial bovino (BRSV)

    OpenAIRE

    Matheus Cavalheiro Martini

    2010-01-01

    Resumo: Para avaliar a atividade antiviral dos extratos de plantas brasileiras foram eleitos o Metapneumovirus aviário (aMPV) e o vírus Respiratório sincicial bovino (BRSV) pertences à família Paramyxoviridae, subfamília Pneumovirinae, gêneros Metapneumovirus e Pneumovirus respectivamente. Tanto o aMPV quanto o BRSV são vírus semelhantes aos que causam doenças em humanos como o vírus respiratório sincicial humano (HRSV) e metapneumovírus humano (hMPV). O objetivo do presente trabalho foi aval...

  2. Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub at Clover Airport. Photos include Engle turning propeller while his son sits in the cockpit (34323); both Engle and son examine propeller (34324); Engle works on engine while his son sits in cockpit (34325).

  3. Male-mediated infertility in sons of building painters and gardeners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramlau-Hansen, C H; Stoltenberg, C D G; Hougaard, K S

    2012-01-01

    To investigate whether sons of gardeners and building painters have increased risk of infertility in comparison with sons of bricklayers, carpenters and electricians.......To investigate whether sons of gardeners and building painters have increased risk of infertility in comparison with sons of bricklayers, carpenters and electricians....

  4. ¿Son los MOOC una alternativa de aprendizaje?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Ramón Bartolomé Pina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo reflexiona sobre los MOOC como entornos de aprendizaje. El número de cursos masivos abiertos y en línea (MOOC ha crecido exponencialmente en pocos años desde que fueron introducidos. Los MOOC son considerados una nueva forma de entornos virtuales de aprendizaje potenciados por la tecnología. Se consideran dos tipos de MOOC: unos los organizados por Siemens y Downes (cMOOC y otros los desarrollados en lugares como Stanford, con muchos estudiantes y loables objetivos (xMOOC; estos tienen también sus debilidades. Aunque han sido recibidos con altas expectativas, también han encontrado una fuerte oposición que está aumentando con el tiempo, lo que nos permite estudiar este fenómeno en profundidad. Aunque todavía hay pocas investigaciones empíricas sobre los efectos de los MOOC en el aprendizaje, este estudio trata de arrojar luz sobre el tema desde un punto de vista teórico. En primer lugar exploraremos las expectativas positivas y negativas generadas. Los MOOC pueden constituir una buena propuesta a gran escala, lo que solo es posible para unas pocas grandes instituciones. No hay estudio de mercado, ni modelo de negocio, ni investigaciones empíricas que permitan confirmar los anuncios de sus efectos positivos. Revisaremos las teorías del aprendizaje recientes y clásicas respecto a su capacidad para explicar el proceso de aprendizaje y compararemos los cursos en línea tradicionales, los xMOOC y los cMOOC en relación a su potencial para apoyar el aprendizaje y su auto-regulación.

  5. Método AVI (Aquifer Vulnerability Index para a classificação da vulnerabilidade das águas subterrâneas na região de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro AVI method (Aquifer Vulnerability Index for groundwater vulnerability classification in Campos dos Goytacazes region, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinaldo Gomes dos Santos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta estudos para a classificação da vulnerabilidade àcontaminação das águas subterrãneas na região de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro. O método AVI (Aquifer Vulnerability Index foi aplicado, utilizando-se o ferramental do Sistema de Informação Geográfica. O método AVI aplica o conceito de resistência hidráulica, dada pela somatória das taxas de espessura da zona não saturada pelas condutividades hidráulicas do meio. Os mapas resultantes mostraram que a região possui sensibilidade àcontaminação das águas subterrâneas, com classificações que variam de "Alta" a "Extremamente alta" (0-10 dias a 10-100 dias, respectivamente. Essa sensibilidade elevada ocorre pela existência de formações de elevada permeabilidade (areias e níveis de água rasos, típicas ocorrências do delta do rio Paraíba do Sul. O índice vulnerabilidade Alta ocorre: (1 nas margens direita e esquerda do rio Paraíba do Sul, (2 oeste da área (região de confluência do rio Muriaé com o rio Paraíba do Sul, e (3 parte leste da área urbana de Campos dos Goytacazes. Os terrenos com índice de vulnerabilidade Extremamente alta estão localizados: (1 na porção norte (área do Aquífero Barreiras, (2 na área urbana de Campos dos Goytacazes e dos distritos de Saturnino Braga e Mucurepe, (3 porção leste da área, (4 em terreno entre o canal de Cambaíba e o canal de Andreza, e (5 na porção sul da área (Lagoa Feia. Os resultados mostram a caracterização de um importante parãmetro ambiental da região, pretendendo subsidiar políticas públicas para preservação, proteção e uso racional desse importante manancial subterrâneo.The present paper shows studies aiming groundwater vulnerability evaluation in Campos dos Goytacazes region, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Aquifer Vulnerability Index (AVI was the vulnerability method applied, using Geographical Information System tools. The AVI Method has adopted the concept of

  6. Les bases de données bibliographiques pour l'exploration et la production des hydrocarbures Bibliographic Data Bases for Hydrocarbon Prospection and Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chambre Syndicale du Pétrole

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les bases de données bibliographiques accessibles en ligne sont un outil très efficace pour qui cherche des documents scientifiques et techniques, mais il faut bien les connaître pour savoir les sélectionner. Deux types de bases de données sont présentées. D'abord celles qui couvrent les différents domaines qui composent l'exploration et la production des hydrocarbures : géologie, géophysique, forage, production et récupération assistée, économie et actualités, énergie et environnement. Ensuite, celles qui couvrent un type particulier de document : brevets, rapports, thèses, actes de congrès, normes et spécifications, livres, traductions, citations. Des fiches descriptives répertorient les caractéristiques des bases de données présentées dans chacune des sections. Bibliographic data bases accessible online make a very effective tool for searching for scientific and technical documents, but a thorough understanding of them is required if they are to be selected properly. Two types of data bases are described. The first ones cover different fields involved in hydrocarbon prospection and production: geology, geophysical prospecting, drilling, production and enhanced recovery, economics and current events, energy, environment. Then come data bases covering a specific type of document: patents, reports, theses, conference proceedings, standards and specifications, books, translations, citations. Descriptive data sheets give an inventory of the leading characteristics of the data bases described in each section.

  7. Essai d’une méthodologie d’analyse des données d’Internet sur un ordinateur

    OpenAIRE

    Géraldine Foin

    2017-01-01

    Dans l’étude de l’environnement numérique dans lequel les individus vivent et évoluent, des problèmes méthodologiques peuvent se poser pour les chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales. Cet article s’interroge sur la compatibilité des outils classiques en sciences sociales pour l’étude des pratiques numériques sur un écran, celui de l’ordinateur. En effet, l’usage classique d’entretiens, de questionnaires ou d’observations ne suffit plus pour recueillir avec précision les données relatives...

  8. Profil bactériologique du pied diabétique et son impact sur le choix des antibiotiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemmouri, Adil; Tarchouli, Mohamed; Benbouha, Abdellatif; Lamkinsi, Tarik; Bensghir, Mustapha; Elouennass, Mostafa; Haimeur, Cherqui

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Analyse du profil bactériologique des pieds diabétiques pris en charge à l'hôpital militaire de Rabat et son influence sur l'antibiothérapie de première intention. Méthodes Etude prospective non randomisée étalée sur 18 mois, ayant concerné 105 patients. Après recueil des données et en attente des résultats bactériologiques nos patients ont été divisés en deux groupes: un groupe a été mis sous Amoxicilline + Acide clavulanique + Gentamycine (59 patients) et un groupe sous Ertapénème±Gentamycine (46 patients). Résultats L’étude a regroupé 85 hommes et 20 femmes (sexe ratio = 4.26). L’âge moyen est de 64.4 ans. La gangrène a été observée chez 79% des malades; elle était humide-donc surinfectée en principe- dans 43% des cas. Par ailleurs, 67% des malades ont un chiffre de globules blancs 12000 définissant une infection sévère. L'ostéolyse a été mise en évidence chez 27% de nos patients. Parmi les différentes techniques de prélèvements: 81% ont été profonds dont 21% de biopsie osseuse per opératoire et 14% de prélèvements combinés. 42% de ces prélèvements sont poly microbiens et 21% sont stériles. Les résultats bactériologiques viennent confirmer la prédominance des bactéries aérobies à Gram positif. Le taux de remplacement de l'Ertapénème est de 22% contre un taux de 50% pour l'Amoxiclav. Conclusion L'antibiothérapie ne doit être instaurée qu'en cas d'infection du pied diabétique diagnostiquée sur les critères cliniques établis par les consensus internationaux récents. Le respect des mesures de lutte contre la diffusion de la résistance bactérienne s'avère primordiale. PMID:27386024

  9. Les folksonomies comme support émergent de navigation sociale et de structuration des données du Web

    OpenAIRE

    Crépel , Maxime

    2008-01-01

    En nous basant sur les premiers travaux venant alimenter le débat soulevé par le modèle de classification des folksonomies, ainsi que de résultats d’enquêtes réalisées à partir d’entretiens auprès d’utilisateurs du site Flickr, il s’agit d’analyser les enjeux de ce nouveau mode d’indexation des informations comme modèle controversé de structuration des ressources du web et de comprendre les implications de son intégration pour la recherche d’information et la navigation sur internet....

  10. Influenza A aviária (H5N1: a gripe do frango Avian influenza A (H5N1: the bird flu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo rever a literatura sobre o vírus influenza A aviária (H5N1. O levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado nos bancos de dados eletrônicos Medline, MD Consult, HighWire, Medscape e Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS, Literatura Latinoamericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, e por pesquisa direta, referentes aos últimos dez anos. Foram selecionados 32 artigos originais abordando os surtos recentes de infecção por um subtipo de vírus influenza A aviária, o H5N1, em criações de aves domésticas na Ásia, que resultaram em importantes prejuízos econômicos e repercussões em saúde pública, além de casos de infecção humana de alta letalidade. A maioria dos casos está associada com a exposição direta a aves infectadas ou superfícies contaminadas com excrementos dessas aves, porém foi confirmada a transmissão entre humanos. O período de incubação foi de dois a quatro dias. As manifestações clínicas variaram de infecção assintomática e doença leve do trato respiratório superior a pneumonia grave e falência múltipla de órgãos. A radiografia de tórax pode apresentar infiltrado intersticial bilateral, colapso lobar, consolidação focal e broncograma aéreo sem derrame pleural. A presença de linfopenia indica pior prognóstico. O tratamento de suporte parece ser o único tratamento aceitável. Os fatores de risco para mau prognóstico incluem idade avançada, demora na hospitalização, envolvimento do trato respiratório inferior, baixa contagem de leucócitos totais e linfopenia à admissão. Controlar os surtos em aves domésticas e o contato entre seres humanos e tais aves deve ser a prioridade no manejo da doença em nível de saúde pública, e medidas e conhecimentos acerca da doença devem ser amplamente divulgados.The objective of this study was to review the literature related to avian influenza A (H5N1. The bibliographic research was

  11. «A Monstrous Regiment of Women»: nascite mostruose come stigma del dissenso religioso delle donne negli anni delle guerre civili inglesi (1642-1652

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Baratta

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Il presente lavoro prende in esame quattro resoconti di nascite di esseri umani con malformazioni congenite pubblicati a Londra tra il 1642 e 1652. Messi in circolazione dalla stampa nel frastagliato quadro del conflitto tra Carlo I e il Parlamento, e più nello specifico negli anni in cui non si era ancora del tutto spenta la polemica sulla chiesa riformata, i quattro pamphlet sono accomunati dalla medesima lettura della nascita mostruosa, vista come esito di una qualche forma di dissenso religioso da parte delle madri protagoniste. La colpevolizzazione delle donne non era un fenomeno nuovo: già nei decenni precedenti alle guerre civili, le narrazioni di nascite mostruose avevano frequentemente messo in luce negativa le donne, spesso attraverso il sillogismo per cui la nascita di un figlio deforme dichiarava una colpa segreta della genitrice. La novità dei documenti che raccontarono le cosiddette monstrous births negli anni 1642-1652 fu di appuntare il proprio stigma su una colpa materna che non era più di tipo sessuale, o più in generale morale: la propaganda religiosa e politica strumentalizzò i parti di bambini deformi, interpretandoli come punizioni divine per il dissenso religioso manifestato dalle loro madri.

  12. Utilisation de données secondaires et signature scientifique lors de l'évaluation d'une intervention en santé mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéry Ridde

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans le domaine de la santé mondiale, les bailleurs de fonds internationaux financent de nombreuses interventions dont ils souhaitent l'efficacité. Ils financent ainsi parfois des évaluations externes, le plus souvent menées par des chercheurs du Nord, pour en faire la démonstration. En outre, il existe de multiples bases de données, souvent collectées par les chercheurs du Sud, utiles pour réaliser ce type d'études. Mais cette multiplicité d'acteurs, de collaboration, d'enjeux et de potentiels conflits d'intérêts pose des défis importants sur le plan de l'utilisation de données secondaires et de la signature scientifiques des publications qui peuvent en découler. Cette étude de cas propose une réflexion à cet égard.

  13. AVIS IMPORTANT ! - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Nous vous informons que l'agence de voyage Carlson Wagonlit Travel au CERN fermera ses portes le vendredi 19 décembre à 12h00 pour cause de travaux de rénovation. Une permanence sera mise en place uniquement pour les voyages officiels urgents (19 décembre, 12h00 - 17h00). L'agence sera de nouveau opérationnelle dès le lundi 5 janvier 2004 à 08h30. Nous vous remercions de votre compréhension et vous souhaitons d'ores et déjà de bonnes fêtes de fin d'année. Votre Team CARSLON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

  14. The Power of a Single Mother: The Influence of Black Women on Their Sons' Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Quintin L.; Werblow, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the ways single Black mothers contribute to the educational success of their 11th-grade sons, despite the fact that their sons are enrolled in "failing schools." Data from five interviews and one focus group reveal common characteristics of how single-Black mothers help their sons beat the odds.

  15. Mothers' Predictions of Their Son's Executive Functioning Skills: Relations to Child Behavior Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    This study examined mothers' ability to accurately predict their sons' performance on executive functioning tasks in relation to the child's behavior problems. One-hundred thirteen mothers and their 4-7 year old sons participated. From behind a one-way mirror, mothers watched their sons perform tasks assessing inhibition and planning skills.…

  16. “fra questi sí e no son di parer contrario”: affermazione di sé e nome ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Figurarsi! So bene che nel riparto dei doni della Provvidenza, l'intelligenza è toccata tutta a loro.13. Ricordando la "massima d'oro" che impone alle donne il silenzio. ("Mal sont les gens endoctrinés/ Quand par femme sont sermonnés"), afferma di essersela "mandata a memoria religiosamente" e di averla tenuta nella sua ...

  17. Préparation à l'analyse de données dans Virgo : aspects de techniques informatiques et de techniques d'analyse pour la recherche de coalescences de binaires

    OpenAIRE

    Buskulic , D.

    2006-01-01

    Le détecteur interférométrique d'ondes gravitationnelles Virgo est en phase de mise au point, il devrait atteindre une sensibilité lui permettant de prendre des données scientifiques dès la deuxième moitié de l'année 2006. La préparation à l'analyse de ces données est en cours et le mémoire traite de plusieurs aspects :- Un environnement d'analyse, VEGA, a été mis au point. Il permet à un utilisateur physicien d'accéder et de gérer les données provenant de Virgo, de développer un code d'analy...

  18. De Novo Truncating Variants in SON Cause Intellectual Disability, Congenital Malformations, and Failure to Thrive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokita, Mari J; Braxton, Alicia A; Shao, Yunru; Lewis, Andrea M; Vincent, Marie; Küry, Sébastien; Besnard, Thomas; Isidor, Bertrand; Latypova, Xénia; Bézieau, Stéphane; Liu, Pengfei; Motter, Connie S; Melver, Catherine Ward; Robin, Nathaniel H; Infante, Elena M; McGuire, Marianne; El-Gharbawy, Areeg; Littlejohn, Rebecca O; McLean, Scott D; Bi, Weimin; Bacino, Carlos A; Lalani, Seema R; Scott, Daryl A; Eng, Christine M; Yang, Yaping; Schaaf, Christian P; Walkiewicz, Magdalena A

    2016-09-01

    SON is a key component of the spliceosomal complex and a critical mediator of constitutive and alternative splicing. Additionally, SON has been shown to influence cell-cycle progression, genomic integrity, and maintenance of pluripotency in stem cell populations. The clear functional relevance of SON in coordinating essential cellular processes and its presence in diverse human tissues suggests that intact SON might be crucial for normal growth and development. However, the phenotypic effects of deleterious germline variants in SON have not been clearly defined. Herein, we describe seven unrelated individuals with de novo variants in SON and propose that deleterious variants in SON are associated with a severe multisystem disorder characterized by developmental delay, persistent feeding difficulties, and congenital malformations, including brain anomalies. Copyright © 2016 American Society of Human Genetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Implantação de pastagens sob sistema monocultivo e integrado com lavoura utilizando biofertilizante de cama de aviário como adubação de cobertura

    OpenAIRE

    SILVEIRA JUNIOR,Otacilio; SANTOS,Antônio Clementino dos; ROCHA,José Mario Lopes; FERREIRA,Caio Leonardo Silva; OLIVEIRA,Leonardo Bernardes Taverny de; RODRIGUES,Marcos Odilon Dias; RODRIGUES,Márcio Odilon Dias

    2015-01-01

    ResumoObjetivou-se avaliar o efeito da utilização de biofertilizante obtido através da biodigestão anaeróbica da cama de aviário nas características produtivas do capim Piatã, e nas características químicas do solo. Avaliou-se cinco doses de biofertilizantes (0; 10; 20; 30; 40m3.ha-1) em dois sistemas de cultivos (sistema monocultivo de capim Piatã e sistema consorciado de capim Piatã com sorgo forrageiro hibrido BRS 610). Foram verificadas as características agronômicas e estruturais submeti...

  20. La fouille de graphes dans les bases de données réactionnelles au service de la synthèse en chimie organique

    OpenAIRE

    Pennerath , Frédéric; Napoli , Amedeo

    2006-01-01

    National audience; La synthèse en chimie organique consiste à concevoir de nouvelles molécules à partir de réactifs et de réactions. Les experts de la synthèse s'appuient sur de très grandes bases de données de réactions qu'ils consultent à travers des procédures d'interrogation standard. Un processus de découverte de nouvelles réactions leur permettrait de mettre au point de nouveaux procédés de synthèse. Cet article présente une modélisation des réactions par des graphes et introduit une mé...

  1. Essai d’une méthodologie d’analyse des données d’Internet sur un ordinateur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Foin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans l’étude de l’environnement numérique dans lequel les individus vivent et évoluent, des problèmes méthodologiques peuvent se poser pour les chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales. Cet article s’interroge sur la compatibilité des outils classiques en sciences sociales pour l’étude des pratiques numériques sur un écran, celui de l’ordinateur. En effet, l’usage classique d’entretiens, de questionnaires ou d’observations ne suffit plus pour recueillir avec précision les données relatives à Internet et ses écrans (pratique et consommation. Nous proposons une méthodologie complémentaire aux outils non numériques.

  2. JournalBase - Une étude comparative internationale des bases de données des revues scientifiques en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Kosmopoulos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Pour la première fois en 2009 ont été ici présentés dans un tableau comparatif les contenus des bases de données qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS, du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters et de Scopus (publié par Elsevier ainsi que des listes de référence European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publiée par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l'AERES. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est enfin apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS.Une mise à jour prochaine sera proposée en ligne.L’objectif final de ce projet, qui concerne l'ensemble de la communauté internationale en SHS, était de mettre en ligne, en version bilingue anglais/français, la base de données de JournalBase en mode interactif sur une plate-forme collaborative ainsi que le rapport final de l’étude, afin que les décideurs, les scientifiques, les experts de l'information scientifique disposent d’informations à jour et qu’ils puissent contribuer à faire avancer la réflexion sur ces questions, par l’échange d’expériences et de bonnes pratiques d’utilisation.Un article présentant l'historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place et les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données a été publié le 8 janvier 2010. Il analyse également les premiers résultats.Désormais vous pouvez accéder à l'information intégrale de JournalBase sur le site : http://journalbase.cnrs.fr

  3. HPV vaccine for teen boys: Dyadic analysis of parents' and sons' beliefs and willingness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Jennifer L; Reiter, Paul L; Brewer, Noel T

    2015-09-01

    Parents and adolescents often decide together whether the child should receive human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. However, few studies have investigated the dyadic nature of beliefs that affect this process. Data came from the 2010 HPV Immunization in Sons (HIS) Study, a national sample of 412 parents and their adolescent sons. We conducted dyadic multivariate logistic regression to examine the relationships between parents' and sons' HPV vaccine beliefs and their willingness to have the son receive the vaccine. Less than half of parents and sons were willing to have the sons receive HPV vaccine (43% and 29%, respectively). Willing parents and sons anticipated greater regret if the son did not receive HPV vaccine but later contracted an HPV infection (parent odds ratio [OR]=1.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.24-2.40; son OR=1.51, 95% CI=1.04-2.19) (both pCommunication campaigns may be able to target these beliefs to increase parents' and sons' willingness to seek HPV vaccination. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Son Preference and Family Limitation in Pakistan: A Parity- and Contraceptive Method-Specific Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Channon, Melanie Dawn

    2017-09-01

    Son preference exerts a strong influence over contraceptive and fertility decisions in many South Asian countries. In Pakistan, where fertility remains high and contraceptive use low, research on son preference has been limited. Data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 1990-1991, 2006-2007 and 2012-2013 were used to examine potential indicators and outcomes of son preference. Descriptive analyses looked at sex composition preferences of men and women, as well as the sex ratio at last birth. Multivariate logistic regression analyses examined parity progression by birth order, while multinomial logistic regression was used to identify associations between sex composition and use of permanent, temporary and traditional contraceptive methods. Parity progression and choice of contraceptive method are increasingly associated with the sex composition of children. Many respondents wanted at least two sons, though most also wanted at least one daughter. Analyses suggest that the prevalence of modern contraceptive use among parous women would have been 19% higher in 2012-2013 in the absence of son preference. Permanent method use was extremely low among women with no sons and increased significantly with number of sons. The association between number of sons and use of temporary methods was weaker, while son preference had little relationship with traditional method use. The association of son preference with parity progression and modern contraceptive use has become stronger in Pakistan. Continuation of the fertility transition may be difficult unless the degrees of differential stopping behavior and differential contraceptive use decline.

  5. Estimation de l'exhaustivité des données de facturation des médecins pour la détermination des cas de diabète au moyen des données sur les médicaments d'ordonnance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. M. Lix

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Les changements dans les politiques de remboursement des médecins peuvent faire obstacle à la collecte des données administratives de facturation des médecins, ce qui pourrait mener à des estimations biaisées de la prévalence et de l'incidence des maladies. L'ampleur de cette perte potentielle de données demeure cependant largement inconnue. Notre étude vise à estimer l'exhaustivité de la couverture des cas de maladie pour le Manitoba par les médecins rémunérés à l'acte (RA et par les médecins non rémunérés à l'acte (NRA. Méthodes : Les données administratives du Manitoba ont servi à créer une cohorte dont les membres (20 ans et plus devaient avoir pris un nouveau médicament pour le diabète entre le 1er avril 2007 et le 31 mars 2009. Ces membres ont été classés par mode de paiement du médecin prescripteur (c'est-à-dire rémunérés à l'acte ou non rémunérés à l'acte, puis selon s'ils avaient ou non reçu de diagnostic de diabète d'après les données de facturation des médecins et des dossiers d'hôpitaux. On a utilisé des analyses statistiques χ2 pour tester les différences de caractéristiques entre les deux groupes. Résultats : La cohorte se composait de 12 394 individus, dont 86,4 % avaient reçu une ordonnance de médicament pour le diabète d'un médecin RA. Au total, 1 172 médecins (81,8 % RA ont prescrit ce type de médicaments pour la cohorte. Les membres de la cohorte ayant reçu une ordonnance d'un médecin RA étaient plus âgés et plus susceptibles de résider dans la région sanitaire de Winnipeg que ceux qui avaient reçu une ordonnance d'un médecin NRA. Un plus grand pourcentage de cas traités par des médecins NRA n'avait pas reçu de diagnostic de diabète (18,7 %, contre 14,9 % pour les médecins RA. Conclusion : Les résultats suggèrent une perte minimale de données de facturation des médecins associée aux politiques de rémunération au Manitoba. Cette m

  6. Negare l'acqua. La strategia dello Stato islamico per il controllo delle risorse idriche e il diritto all’acqua delle donne nel Vicino Oriente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desirée A.L. Quagliarotti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In un contesto di ineguale distribuzione delle risorse idriche, di crescita demografica e di sviluppo economico, l’acqua assume sempre più il ruolo divariabile strategica in grado di alterare gli equilibri geopolitici soprattutto in quelle aree in cui le fonti idriche sono condivise tra più paesi. Obiettivo dell’articolo è quello di analizzare il contenzioso idrico del bacino del Tigri e dell’Eufrate dove la storica disputa per la gestione e l’accaparramento delle acque condivise tra Turchia, Siria e Iraq è acuita dall’effetto del cambiamento climatico e dall’ingresso di nuovi attori nel controllo della risorsa. L’aumento della frequenza e dell’intensità dei periodi di siccità amplifica il gap tra domanda e offerta idrica mentre il nuovo ordine idropolitico disegnato dall’espansione dello Stato Islamico, limita l’accesso alla risorsa da parte delle fasce più deboli delle popolazioni. Particolarmente penalizzate sono le donne a cui viene quotidianamente affidato l’arduo compito di gestire le scarse risorse idriche e di allocarle tra i diversi usi. Il controllo da parte dello Stato islamico delle grandi dighe lungo il corso dei due fiumi, l’utilizzo dell’acqua come strumento di pressione e il conseguente deterioramento qualitativo e quantitativo della risorsa, non solo aumentano la quantità di lavoro che le donne devono impiegare per la raccolta e la distribuzione dell’acqua ma minacciano la sicurezza alimentare e la salute loro e delle loro famiglie.

  7. Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and pubertal development among sons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hounsgaard, M L; Håkonsen, L B; Vested, A

    2014-01-01

    Maternal overweight and obesity in pregnancy has been associated with earlier age of menarche in daughters as well as reduced semen quality in sons. We aimed at investigating pubertal development in sons born by mothers with a high body mass index (BMI). The study included 2522 sons of mothers...... indicators of pubertal development, results also indicated earlier pubertal development among sons of obese mothers. After excluding sons of underweight mothers in a subanalysis, we observed an inverse trend between maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and age at regular shaving, acne and first nocturnal emission....... In conclusion, maternal pre-pregnant obesity may be related to earlier timing of pubertal milestones among sons. More research, preferably based on prospectively collected information about pubertal development, is needed to draw firm conclusions....

  8. In the Pursuit of Sons: Additional Births or Sex-Selective Abortion in Pakistan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Batool; Morgan, S Philip

    2016-12-01

    Even though Pakistan is a highly patriarchal society, it has not featured prominently in studies focusing on sex-selective abortion and sex ratios at birth. But with fertility declining and existing strong son preference-Pakistan has one of the highest desired sex ratios in the world-how will Pakistani families respond? In the pursuit of sons, will they have additional children or resort to sex-selective abortions? Or is there evidence that the pursuit of sons is weakening? Using data from three rounds of the demographic and health survey, we show clear evidence of son preference in fertility intentions, patterns of contraceptive use and parity progression ratios. More specifically, we find pervasive evidence that Pakistanis continue childbearing to have a son, to have more than one son and to have at least one daughter. We do not find consistent and convincing evidence that sex ratios at birth (which indicate sex-selective abortion) are increasing.

  9. The institutionalization of Jesus' charismatic authority: "Son of Man" as case study1

    OpenAIRE

    Yolanda Dreyer

    2000-01-01

    This article argues that Jesus used the expression "son of man" not in a titular way, but genetically, meaning "humankind". This use of "son of man" developed into a titular usage in which Jesus is identified with "Son of Man". The study shows that Jesus' use of the expression "son of man" should be understood in the context of the "little tradition" which was reinterpreted in terms of the "great tradition" in a titular way. It is argued that this transition from "litle tradition" to "great t...

  10. Le Contre Colotès de Plutarque et son prologue Il Contro Colote di Plutarco e il suo prologo Plutarch's Against Colotes and its prologue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Marie Morel

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Una panoramica del trattato di Plutarco e l’analisi del suo prologo permettono di discernere i principali temi e le grandi scelte strategiche che struttureranno l’opera nel suo complesso: l’ignoranza di Colote, l’incoerenza degli Epicurei, la posizione di giudice imparziale e lucido che Plutarco si attribuisce, l’immoralità dello stile di vita epicureo. Il prologo si presenta dunque come un testo in sé stesso solidamente strutturato e accuratamente pensato.An overview of Plutarch’s treatise and the analysis of its prologue allow to identify the main topics and the great choices which will structure the work in its wholeness: Colotes’ ignorance, Epicureans’ inconsistency, Plutarch’s attitude as clear-headed and fair judge, Epicurean lifestyle’s immorality. Therefore the prologue is indeed a text firmly structured and carefully conceived.Une vue d’ensemble du traité de Plutarque et l’analyse de son prologue permettent de discerner les principaux thèmes et les grands choix stratégiques qui vont structurer l’ensemble du traité : l’inculture de Colotès, l’incohérence des épicuriens, la posture de juge impartial et lucide que se donne Plutarque, l’immoralité du mode de vie épicurien. Le prologue apparaît ainsi comme un texte en lui-même solidement structuré et soigneusement pensé.

  11. The rise of the daughter-in-law: Why son preference is weakening in ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2012-11-13

    Nov 13, 2012 ... Millions of women are 'missing' because they die in much larger ... This means that the population of Bangladesh, along with that of India and Pakistan, ... Sons, on the other hand, were considered insurance against poverty in old age. ... sons would defy child mortality rates to look after their aged parents.

  12. Crustal thickness mapping in Raipur–Katni area of Narmada–Son ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Narmada–Son lineament (NSL) is one of the most prominent tectonic features which divides the .... fault at Red Sea area (Bhattacharjee and Koide. 1978). The Son and .... relationship between SI and number of infinite dimension of the ...

  13. Disability in the Family: John and Alice Dewey Raising Their Son Sabino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danforth, Scot

    2018-01-01

    Background/Context: The current biographic understanding of John Dewey's experience adopting and raising an Italian boy named Sabino emphasizes the theme of finding an emotional replacement for Morris and Gordon, two young sons who had tragically died on family trips to Europe. Lacking is substantive attention to the fact that John Dewey's son had…

  14. African-American Fathers' Perspectives on Facilitators and Barriers to Father-Son Sexual Health Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randolph, Schenita D; Coakley, Tanya; Shears, Jeffrey; Thorpe, Roland J

    2017-06-01

    African-American males ages 13 through 24 are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), accounting for over half of all HIV infections in this age group in the United States. Clear communication between African-American parents and their youth about sexual health is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse. However, little is known about African-American fathers' perceptions of what facilitates and inhibits sexual health communication with their preadolescent and adolescent sons. We conducted focus groups with 29 African-American fathers of sons ages 10-15 to explore perceived facilitators and barriers for father-son communication about sexual health. Participants were recruited from barbershops in metropolitan and rural North Carolina communities highly affected by STIs and HIV, and data were analyzed using content analysis. Three factors facilitated father-son communication: (a) fathers' acceptance of their roles and responsibilities; (b) a positive father-son relationship; and (c) fathers' ability to speak directly to their sons about sex. We also identified three barriers: (a) fathers' difficulty in initiating sexual health discussions with their sons; (b) sons' developmental readiness for sexual health information; and (c) fathers' lack of experience in talking with their own fathers about sex. These findings have implications for father-focused prevention interventions aimed at reducing risky sexual behaviors in adolescent African-American males. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Older parents enjoy better filial piety and care from daughters than sons in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeng, Yi; George, Linda; Sereny, Melanie

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine whether older parents in China would benefit more from daughters' care than from sons' emotional care. METHOD: Analysis of the unique data sets of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey conducted in 2002, 2005, and 2008-2009 in 22 provinces. RESULTS: As compared......' health outcome could help promote gender equality and reduce traditional son preference, especially in rural China....

  16. Father-Son Inter-Generational Transmission of Authoritarian Paternal Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Peter O.; Statum, Jo Ann

    1984-01-01

    Attempted to determine authoritarian paternal attitude inter-generational transmission in fathers and sons (N=75). Results suggested that authoritarian paternal attitudes could be indicated in terms of five factors: Dominant, Rigidity, Conformity, Intolerant, and Uncreative; and that the sons expressed strongly the authoritarian attitudes of their…

  17. Older Parents Benefit More in Health Outcome From Daughters' Than Sons' Emotional Care in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Yi; Brasher, Melanie Sereny; Gu, Danan; Vaupel, James W

    2016-12-01

    To examine whether older parents in China would benefit more from daughters' care than from sons' emotional care. Analysis of the unique data sets of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey conducted in 2002, 2005, and 2008-2009 in 22 provinces. As compared with having son(s), having daughter(s) is significantly more beneficial at older ages in China, with regard to maintaining higher cognitive capacity and reducing mortality risk. Such daughter advantages in providing emotional care to older parents are more profound among the oldest-old aged 80+ as compared with the young-old aged 65 to 79 and surprisingly more profound in rural areas as compared with urban areas, even though son preference is much more common among rural residents. We describe how educational campaigns aimed at informing the public about the benefits of daughter(s) for older parents' health outcome could help promote gender equality and reduce traditional son preference, especially in rural China.

  18. Coupling coefficients of SO(n) and integrals involving Jacobi and Gegenbauer polynomials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alisauskas, Sigitas

    2002-01-01

    The expressions for the coupling coefficients (3j-symbols) for most degenerate (symmetric) representations of orthogonal groups SO(n) in a canonical basis (with SO(n) restricted to SO(n-1) and different semicanonical or tree bases (with SO(n) restricted to SO(n')xSO(n''), n'+n''=n) are considered, respectively, in context of integrals involving triplets of the Gegenbauer and the Jacobi polynomials. Since the directly derived triple-hypergeometric series do not reveal the apparent triangle conditions of the 3j-symbols, they are rearranged, using their relation with semistretched isofactors of the second kind for the complementary chain Sp(4) contains SU(2)xSU(2) and analogy with the stretched 9j coefficients of SU(2), into formulae with more rich limits for summation intervals and obvious triangle conditions. The isofactors of class-one representations of orthogonal groups or class-two representations of unitary groups (and, of course, the related integrals involving triplets of the Gegenbauer and the Jacobi polynomials) turn into double sums in the cases of canonical SO(n) contains SO(n-1) or U(n) contains U(n-1) and semicanonical SO(n) contains SO(n-2)xSO(2) chains, as well as into the 4 F 3 (1) series under more specific conditions. Some ambiguities of the phase choice of the complementary group approach are adjusted, as well as problems with an alternating sign parameter of SO(2) representations in the SO(3) contains SO(2) and SO(n) contains SO(n-2)xSO(2) chains. (author)

  19. Indução de mutação por uma substância química em cepas de Escherichia coli para a atenuação e o desenvolvimento de vacina contra a colibacilose aviária

    OpenAIRE

    Marcia Cristina Menão

    2013-01-01

    A colibacilose aviária caracteriza-se como uma infecção extra-intestinal secundária a outros agentes. É responsável por grandes perdas econômicas na criação de aves comerciais, sendo sua prevenção fundamental para minimizar prejuízos. O objetivo deste estudo foi atenuar cepas virulentas de Escherichia coli aviárias, por indução de mutagênese química. Foram selecionadas nove (09) cepas pertencentes à coleção de cultura do Laboratório de Ornitopatologia da FMVZ-USP. Todas as cepas estudadas for...

  20. Fertilization with broiler litter in the production of organic corn in integrated crop-livestockAdubação com cama de aviário na produção de milho orgânico em sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anibal de Moraes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was carried out with the objective of evaluating the effect on corn crop in crop-livestock integration system of fertilization with chicken litter in the pasture (winter and in the corn (summer, as alternative to organic production. The winter treatments consisted in the doses of 0 and 5 Mg ha-1 of chicken litter, with or without grazing of ovines and the summer treatments in the doses of 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 Mg ha-1 of chicken litter in the corn. From the results obtained, it was checked that the grazing did not affect the grain yield of corn in summer. The use of chicken litter in winter presented significant effect on mass of one thousand grains of corn, evidencing residual effect of fertilization however, it was not sufficient to provide significant difference in corn yield. There was positive linear effect to number of grains per row and quadratic to corn yield by increase of chicken litter levels in summer. In areas without grazing the maximum corn yield would be obtained with application of 9 Mg ha-1 of chicken litter in summer, whereas this same yield would be obtained with 7 Mg ha-1 in grazed areas, representing an economy of 2 Mg ha-1 of chicken litter corresponding to 45 kg ha-1 of nitrogen. Thus, it was found technical viability by use of chicken litter in corn production in crop-livestock integration system. O experimento foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito sobre a cultura do milho em sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária da adubação com cama de aviário na pastagem (inverno e no milho (verão, como alternativa para a produção orgânica. Os tratamentos de inverno consistiram nas doses de 0 e 5 Mg ha-1 de cama de aviário com e sem pastejo de ovinos e os tratamentos de verão nas doses de 0, 1, 2, 4 e 8 Mg ha-1 de cama de aviário no milho. A partir dos resultados obtidos, verificou-se que o pastejo não afetou a produtividade de milho no verão. O uso de cama de aviário no inverno apresentou efeito

  1. Determination of Thermodynamical Data of Calcium Hydroxichloride Détermination des données thermodynamiques de l'hydroxychlorure de calcium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allal K. M.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The reaction of hydrochloric acid with dry alkaline sorbents such as hydrated lime in the incineration units leads to the formation of not only calcium chloride but calcium hydroxichloride as well. A thermodynamic study of the chemical reactions involved in the dechlorination process is required in order to show if such a product is theoretically possible to be formed. However, the data of CaCIOH necessary to carry out such a study are not available in the literature. Hence, a method of predicting these data is developed in the present work. Predicted values of Gibbs energy and entropy of formation of CaCIOH at different temperatures are compared to values calculated by Mostafa's model and satisfactory results were obtained. La réaction de l'acide chlorhydrique avec des adsorbants alcalins tels que la chaux au niveau de stations d'incinération entraîne la formation de chlorure ainsi que de l'hydroxychlorure de calcium. Une étude thermodynamique des différentes réactions mises en jeu dans le procédé de déchloruration serait nécessaire, afin de montrer qu'un tel produit serait théoriquement susceptible d'être formé. Cependant, les données thermodynamiques de CaCIOH permettant de mener à bien une telle étude ne sont pas disponibles dans la littérature. Par conséquent, une méthode permettant de prédire ces données a été développée dans ce présent travail. Des valeurs d'énergie de Gibbs et d'entropie de formation de CaCIOH prédites par cette méthode à différentes températures ont été comparées à celles déterminées à l'aide du modèle de Mostafa, et des résultats satisfaisants ont été obtenus.

  2. Breaking the ice! Predictors about communication between nonresident African American fathers and sons about sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Jade C; Caldwell, Cleopatra H

    2016-02-01

    Research on communication between resident and nonresident African American fathers and their sons about sex has been understudied. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of parenting variables, specifically, racial socialization and father involvement on nonresident African American father-son communication about sex. Data for this study are from the Fathers and Sons Project. This intervention study is designed to enhance relationships between nonresident African American fathers and their 8-12 year old sons and to prevent risky health behaviors among sons. The present study is based on 345 African American boys who completed baseline face-to-face interviews. The average age of the sons was 10.2 years old (SD = 1.4), with an average of two siblings (SD = 1.53). Age and sons' perceptions of more parental monitoring by their fathers were predictive of increased communication about sex. Racial socialization messages explained additional variance in communication about sex above other parenting variables and controls. Findings suggest when working with African American families, providers who counsel parents, and in particular provide outreach to fathers regarding communication about sex, are in a unique position to enhance parenting communication skills about sexuality. ©2015 American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

  3. La maquinaria fiscal del papado aviñonés en la Corona de Aragón: la colectoría de Berenguer Ribalta (1400-1402

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morelló Baget, Jordi

    2009-06-01

    de la Cámara Apostólica. Al margen de los gastos más ordinarios, es posible reconstruir los flujos de transferencia de dinero entre Barcelona y Aviñón a través de diversos cambistas, no sólo italianos, y sus respectivos socios barceloneses. La recaudación, sumando ambos ejercicios, se eleva a más de 31 mil lb.b., de las cuales casi 27 mil fueron transferidas a Aviñón, dejando el resto para gastos de gestión. Los resultados obtenidos de esta colectoría parecen ratificar la tesis según la cual la Corona de Aragón constituyó, después de Francia, el principal sostén financiero del papado aviñonés.

  4. Impaired Reproductive Development in Sons of Women Occupationally Exposed to Pesticides during Pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Raun; Schmidt, Ida M.; Grandjean, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy causes adverse effects on the reproductive development in the male infants. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: Pregnant women employed in greenhouses in Denmark were consecutively...... recruited, and 113 mother-son pairs were included. The mothers were categorized as occupationally exposed (91 sons) or unexposed (22 sons) to pesticides during pregnancy. Testicular position and volume, penile length, and position of urethral opening were determined at 3 months of age using standardized...

  5. Some relevant properties of SO(n) representations for Grand unified theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Girardi, G.; Sorba, P.; Sciarrino, A.

    1980-05-01

    General properties of the SO(n) groups are examined, with emphasis on the usefulness of the Gel'fand-Zetlin basis for explicit calculations. The SO(n) representations containing a vector stabilized by subgroups of the type S[O(n-p) x O(p)], SU(k) x U(1) or SU(k) if n=2k, are characterized in view of selecting Higgs representations in SO(n) gauge models. Some useful properties of the SU(n) Gel'fand-Zetlin basis are given in the appendices

  6. Reliability of P mode event classification using contemporaneous BiSON and GOLF observations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simoniello, R; Chaplin, W J; Elsworth, Y P; Garcia, R A

    2008-01-01

    We carried out a comparison of the signals seen in contemporaneous BiSON and GOLF data sets. Both instruments perform Doppler shift velocity measurements in integrated sunlight, although BiSON perform measurements from the two wings of potassium absorption line and GOLF from one wing of the NaD1 line. Discrepancies between the two datasets have been observed. We show,in fact, that the relative power depends on the wing in which GOLF data observes. During the blue wing period, the relative power is mugh higher than in BiSON datasets, while a good agreement has been observed during the red period.

  7. Influência das vogais na estimulabilidade dos sons líquidos

    OpenAIRE

    Castro,Márcia Mathias de; Wertzner,Haydée Fizbein

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: verificar o número de crianças, entre 5:0 e 11:6 anos, com e sem Transtorno Fonológico, falantes do Português Brasileiro que imitaram corretamente os sons líquidos no teste de estimulabilidade considerando cada uma das vogais subsequentes. MÉTODOS: a estimulabilidade foi medida por uma prova de imitação de 63 sílabas com os sons com as sete vogais orais, em três repetições. Foi analisada a porcentagem de sujeitos que produziu corretamente os sons em função da vogal subsequente. RESU...

  8. Parent-son decision-making about human papillomavirus vaccination: a qualitative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Andreia B

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Licensed for use in males in 2009, Human Papillomavirus (HPV vaccination rates in adolescent males are extremely low. Literature on HPV vaccination focuses on females, adult males, or parents of adolescent males, without including adolescent males or the dynamics of the parent-son interaction that may influence vaccine decision-making. The purpose of this paper is to examine the decision-making process of parent-son dyads when deciding whether or not to get vaccinated against HPV. Methods Twenty-one adolescent males (ages 13–17, with no previous HPV vaccination, and their parents/guardians were recruited from adolescent primary care clinics serving low to middle income families in a large Midwestern city. Dyad members participated in separate semi-structured interviews assessing the relative role of the parent and son in the decision regarding HPV vaccination. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded using inductive content analysis. Results Parents and sons focused on protection as a reason for vaccination; parents felt a need to protect their child, while sons wanted to protect their own health. Parents and sons commonly misinterpreted the information about the vaccine. Sons were concerned about an injection in the penis, while some parents and sons thought the vaccine would protect them against other sexually transmitted infections including Herpes, Gonorrhea, and HIV. Parents and sons recalled that the vaccine prevented genital warts rather than cancer. The vaccine decision-making process was rapid and dynamic, including an initial reaction to the recommendation for HPV vaccine, discussion between parent and son, and the final vaccine decision. Provider input was weighed in instances of initial disagreement. Many boys felt that this was the first health care decision that they had been involved in. Dyads which reported shared decision-making were more likely to openly communicate about sexual issues than those

  9. Avaliação de materiais alternativos em substituição à maravalha como cama de aviário Alternative material to replace wood shavings as broiler litter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Silveira de Avila

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de testar materiais alternativos para cama de aviário na criação de frangos de corte, foram alojados seis lotes consecutivos, cada um contendo 5.600 aves, apenas fêmeas, distribuídas em 35 boxes. Os tratamentos consistiram de sete tipos de material para cama (maravalha; casca de arroz; sabugo de milho triturado; capim-cameron picado; palhada de soja picada; resto da cultura do milho picado; e serragem, cada um com cinco repetições. Avaliaram-se nas aves o peso corporal médio e o consumo médio de ração e, nas camas, os teores de N, Ca, P e pH. Observaram-se ainda a presença de salmonela, a contagem de oocistos de eimeria na cama e o escore de lesões no intestino das aves ao abate. A utilização dos materiais alternativos avaliados como cama de aviário, por seis lotes consecutivos, como alternativas à maravalha não prejudicou o desempenho de frangos de corte. Esses materiais, após o descarte, por apresentarem valor em minerais superior ao da maravalha, podem ser utilizados na adubação de culturas.Aiming to evaluate alternative materials to be used as broiler litter reutilization, six consecutive lots of 5,600 female broilers were allocated to 35 pens. The treatments consisted of seven types of litter materials: wood shavings, rice husk, ground corncob, chopped camerongrass, chopped soybean straw, chopped corn stalk and sawdust, each one with five replications. In the birds, it was evaluated the average body weight, feed consumption and in the litter, it was evaluated the contents of N, Ca, P and pH. The presence of salmoella, the eimeria oocists counting in the litter, and the gut birds lesions score at slaughter were also observed. The use of alternative materials evaluated as litter, per six concecutive lots, as a alternative for wood shavings did no prejudice the performance of broilers. These materials, by presenting mineral values higher than wood shavings, after discarding, could be used as culture

  10. “Who Do You Want Answering the Phone?” Donne, leadership e trauma nelle serie TV degli anni 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella Izzo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Prendendo le mosse da un famoso spot di Hillary Clinton nella campagna per la nomination democratica del 2008, questo intervento si concentra sulla rappresentazione della leadership femminile in alcune serie televisive di argomento poliziesco e criminale successive all’11 settembre 2011. Contestualizzando l’analisi della caratterizzazione e delle funzioni culturali delle protagoniste in una più generale resistenza al riconoscimento di ruoli di leadership alle donne nella cultura e nella politica statunitense, il saggio mette in luce le ambiguità e i limiti del femminismo apparentemente esibito in queste serie. A partire dalla ricorrente presenza in queste serie di protagoniste ferite, vulnerabili o traumatizzate, il saggio propone una lettura del loro ruolo culturale come specchio e sintesi della una ferita storica dell’11 settembre, contenitore delle ansie di una nazione scopertasi vulnerabile, emblema di abnegazione e protezione materna, ma anche veicolo di una vendetta simbolica che ha sempre un più o meno esplicito “mandante” patriarcale. L’ultimo caso esaminato è quello della protagonista di How to Get Away with Murder, oggetto di un backlash che ha chiari connotati di razza oltre che di genere.

  11. Déclinaison d’une base de données 3D – Sur les pas de Breuil, une visite virtuelle de Lascaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Feruglio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Nous présentons ici un exemple de déclinaison grand public sous forme d’un produit multimédia de la base de données 3D du site de Lascaux établie en premier lieu à fin d’étude et de conservation. Les étapes de la création de ce produit ainsi que les acteurs et les moyens techniques mis en œuvre sont exposés. Ce travail est lié à l’établissement d’un cahier des charges, en amont de la numérisation 3D sur le terrain, émanant des archéologues afin que le budget et le choix des résolutions et définitions soient pris en compte.In this article we present the example of a multimedia product of the Lascaux cave 3D database prepared for presentation to the general public. This database was first established for purposes of study and conservation. The steps undertaken in the creation of the product and the actors and the technical means employed are analysed. The project is designed to underpin the specifications prior to 3D scanning of the site, specifications drawn up by archaeologists to ensure that the project will take into account budgetary considerations and the appropriate choice of resolution and definition.

  12. Risk of cryptorchidism among sons of horticultural workers and farmers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Kristian Tore; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard; Toft, Gunnar Vase

    2014-01-01

    on occupation and cryptorchidism. METHODS: The cohort consisted of >600 000 boys born in Denmark from 1980-2007 with a parent in employment during pregnancy. These boys were followed for cryptorchidism from 1980-2009 comparing risks among sons of horticultural workers and farmers with sons of parents in other...... occupations. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using Cox regression adjusting for parental age, birth years, parity, and geographical region. RESULTS: Sons of maternal farmers were at increased risk of cryptorchidism (157 cases; HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.12-1.53) compared to boys...... of mothers in other occupations (15 511 cases). Paternal occupation as farmer was unrelated to the risk among sons. Maternal occupation as a horticultural worker was associated with a non-significantly increased risk (72 cases; HR 1.20, 95% CI 0.95-1.52). A similar association was found for paternal...

  13. SON is a spliceosome-associated factor required for mitotic progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huen, Michael S Y; Sy, Shirley M H; Leung, Ka Man; Ching, Yick-Pang; Tipoe, George L; Man, Cornelia; Dong, Shuo; Chen, Junjie

    2010-07-01

    The eukaryotic RNA splicing machinery is dedicated to the daunting task of excising intronic sequences on the many nascent RNA transcripts in a cell, and in doing so facilitates proper translation of its transcriptome. Notably, emerging evidence suggests that RNA splicing may also play direct roles in maintaining genome stability. Here we report the identification of the RNA/DNA-binding protein SON as a component of spliceosome that plays pleiotropic roles during mitotic progression. We found that SON is essential for cell proliferation, and that its inactivation triggers a MAD2-dependent mitotic delay. Moreover, SON deficiency is accompanied by defective chromosome congression, compromised chromosome segregation and cytokinesis, which in turn contributes to cellular aneuploidy and cell death. In summary, our study uncovers a specific link between SON and mitosis, and highlights the potential of RNA processing as additional regulatory mechanisms that govern cell proliferation and division. © 2010 Landes Bioscience

  14. Que son las Cochinillas de los Cotrus (Naranjos, Limoneros, Mandarinos, etc. y como se Combaten.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Posada Sinisterra. Belisario

    1942-04-01

    Full Text Available Las cochinillas son insectos de aspecto variado. Son llamados también insectos-escamas porque la mayoría de ellos viven protegidos por una concha o escama de forma y coloración diversa. Las especies que en seguida se describen tienen un ciclo biológico muy similar. Se reproducen por medio de huevos que depositan las hembras bajo la escama.

  15. Associations Between Fathers' and Sons' Sexual Risk in Rural Kenya: The Potential for Intergenerational Transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giusto, Ali M; Green, Eric P; Puffer, Eve S

    2017-08-01

    Despite high rates of HIV in areas of Sub-Saharan Africa and men's role in driving the epidemic, little is known about whether or how sexual risk-both behaviors and beliefs-may be passed down through generations of males. This study examined associations between sexual risk behaviors and sex-related beliefs of adolescent males and those of their male caregivers in Kenya, as well as the potential moderating effects of parenting characteristics and father-son relationship quality. Cross-sectional linear regression analysis was applied to baseline data from a trial of a family- and church-based intervention for families in rural Kenya that followed a stepped-wedge cluster randomized design. Our subsample consisted of 79 male caregiver and son (aged 10-16 years) dyads. Results demonstrated a direct relationship between fathers' and sons' sex-related beliefs that was not moderated by parenting or quality of father-son relationship. Parenting/relationship characteristics did moderate the relationship between fathers' and sons' sexual behavior; if fathers did not engage in high-risk sex and exhibited more positive parenting/higher relationship quality, their sons were less likely to be sexually active. Among fathers having high-risk sex, parenting was unrelated to sons' behavior except at very high levels of positive parenting/relationship quality; at these levels, sons were actually more likely to have had sex. Findings support recommendations to include male caregivers in youth HIV prevention efforts, potentially by targeting fathers' parenting strategies and their individual risk. Copyright © 2017 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Short-lived radiopharmaceutical development at E.R. Squibb and Sons, Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loberg, M.D.

    1985-01-01

    This paper describes the present status and future plans of E.R. Squibb and Sons, Inc. as they relate to the development of short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. The advantages of short-lived radiopharmaceuticals are summarized as are the problems inherent in their manufacture, quality control, and distribution. The nuclear generator is advocated as the best means of distributing short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. The E.R. Squibb and Sons work with the 82 Sr → 82 Rb generator is summarized

  17. The institutionalization of Jesus' charismatic authority: "Son of Man" as case study1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Dreyer

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that Jesus used the expression "son of man" not in a titular way, but genetically, meaning "humankind". This use of "son of man" developed into a titular usage in which Jesus is identified with "Son of Man". The study shows that Jesus' use of the expression "son of man" should be understood in the context of the "little tradition" which was reinterpreted in terms of the "great tradition" in a titular way. It is argued that this transition from "litle tradition" to "great tradition"can be seen as "false attribution". After Jesus' death when his followers reorganized themselves into a cultic community, they gave Jesus the position "founder of the cult". They did this by making use of honorary titles. The use of the title "Son of Man" for Jesus is interpreted in terms of the social theory of the institutionalization of charismatic authority. The focus is on the title "Son of Man" as it appears in legal sayings or church rules, wisdom sayings and prophetic and apocalyptic sayings.

  18. Like daughter, like son? Fertility decline and the transformation of gender systems in the family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keera Allendorf

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND An important question for population research is whether fertility decline transforms gender systems. OBJECTIVE This paper contributes to answering this broad question by examining how fertility decline may change the relative value and roles of daughters versus sons in families. First, I outline theoretical pathways, suggesting that a key factor is the gender composition of families. As fertility declines, the proportion of families with children of only one gender increases, which may facilitate greater gender symmetry between daughters and sons. Second, I explore how fertility decline may be transforming the relative value and roles of sons and daughters in practice in one place. METHODS The analysis draws primarily on semi-structured interviews with 30 respondents living in one Indian village. RESULTS In recent decades, fertility has declined to at least replacement levels. Respondents also perceive changes in the gender system, including less son preference, more equal schooling for sons and daughters, more freedom in marriage and pre-marital relationships, and perhaps greater daughter support of parents in old age. CONCLUSIONS The results describe changes in the relative value, treatment, and behavior of sons and daughters that are consistent with the theorized effects of fertility decline. Future research is needed, however, to determine whether fertility decline makes a unique causal contribution to changes in the gender system.

  19. Handling Uncertainty in Accessing Petroleum Exploration Data Traitement de l'incertain dans l'accès aux données d'exploration pétrolière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung P. W. H.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of uncertainty in accessing petroleum exploration databases. Two distinct forms of uncertainty are identified : the uncertainty in the user's requirements, and the uncertainty in the data held. A general mechanism is described which is applicable to both. Cet article traite du rôle de l'incertitude dans l'accès aux bases de données d'exploration pétrolière. Deux sortes distinctes d'incertitudes sont identifiées : l'incertitude au niveau des requêtes de l'utilisateur et l'incertitude attachée aux données stockées. Nous décrivons un mécanisme général qui s'applique à ces deux types d'incertitude.

  20. La parità tra donne e uomini, valore utopico del secolo passato o orizzonte dell’universale a-venire? «Acquis» e sfide dell’ordine internazionale ed europeo in un’epoca di crisi globale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Sophie Dimitroulias

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sostanziale, reale, la parità di genere è un valore universale, principio e diritto uma-no, proclamato ed imposto da strumenti vincolanti a livello internazionale ed europeo, che ne richiedono l‟effettiva promozione in tutti i campi, stabiliscono il carattere univer-sale e non negoziabile dei diritti umani, inclusa la parità di genere e i diritti delle donne, ed escludono nel modo più assoluto che si possano invocare usanze o tradizioni etniche, culturali o religiose per ostacolarne l‟esercizio. Questo contributo ricorda la ricchezza e i limiti di questo «acquis» internazionale ed europeo in materia di parità di genere, oggi messa seriamente a rischio, sottolineando, a tal proposito, la recente mobilitazione del movimento delle donne e della società civile. L‟attenzione è posta sul diffondersi del re-lativismo culturale, sul sorgere del fondamentalismo religioso e sui tentativi in costante aumento e spesso violenti di distruggere i principi democratici e il ruolo della legge, che si manifestano a livello internazionale, europeo, nazionale e locale, minacciando l‟uguale godimento dei diritti umani da parte delle donne e degli uomini, delle ragazze e dei ragazzi; la propensione ad adottare misure di governance economica di carattere e-sclusivamente monetarista e ad ignorare la dimensione sociale della crisi economica e finanziaria globale, in crescita anche in Europa, a discapito della coesione sociale e del-la crescita. Il contributo sostiene l‟urgente richiesta della società civile che tutti gli attori della comunità internazionale si oppongano con forza a queste tendenze e tentativi, e adottino un‟agenda anti-crisi che sia giusta socialmente e rispettosa dei diritti fonda-mentali, specialmente dei diritti delle donne, così che l‟acquisizione universale nei dirit-ti umani sia salvaguardata e si promuova l‟applicazione degli strumenti sopraindicati.

  1. Has Their Son Been Vaccinated? Beliefs About Other Parents Matter for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuler, Christine L; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera

    2016-07-01

    The goal of this study was to determine if parents' beliefs about social norms of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for sons were associated with knowledge of HPV, intention to vaccinate sons, or beliefs about side effects. A cross-sectional, survey-based study of parents with sons was performed in 2010. Fisher's exact tests were used to examine associations between demographics and responses about social norms. Multivariate logistic regression models examined beliefs about social norms of male HPV vaccination and primary outcomes. Few parents agreed that others were vaccinating sons (n = 31/267, 12%), including 1% responding strongly agree and 11% responding agree. Most parents, 52%, disagreed that others were vaccinating (40% disagree, 11% strongly disagree), and 37% chose prefer not to answer regarding others' vaccination practices. Hispanic parents and those with a high school education or less were significantly more likely to choose prefer not to answer than their respective counterparts regarding vaccination norms. In multivariate models, parents agreeing others were vaccinating sons had greater odds of having high knowledge of HPV (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] high vs low knowledge 3.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13, 8.77) and increased intention to vaccinate sons (n = 243, aOR = 4.41, 95% CI = 1.51, 12.89). Beliefs about side effects were not significantly associated with beliefs about social norms. Parents' beliefs about others' vaccination practices are important with regard to knowledge of HPV and intention to vaccinate sons. Studying how various public messages about HPV vaccine may influence normative beliefs could be relevant to improving vaccination coverage. © The Author(s) 2015.

  2. Aditivos alimentarios: ¿qué son, cómo actúan, por qué son tan necesarios?

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco de Alvarado-Ortiz, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Para John M. deMan, en su obra PrincipIes of Food Chemistry a los aditivos alimentarios con frecuencia se les asocia a algo químico, otorgándose erradamente a lo quimico características de artificial, no siempre bueno para la salud.Dicen bien erradamente, porque hombres, animales, plantas, microorganismos, alimentos, aire, cerros, minas y todo lo que nos rodea en la maravillosa naturaleza, es químico. Los aditivos alimentarios,todos químicos, naturales o artificiales son extraordinarias susta...

  3. SON connects the splicing-regulatory network with pluripotency in human embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xinyi; Göke, Jonathan; Sachs, Friedrich; Jacques, Pierre-Étienne; Liang, Hongqing; Feng, Bo; Bourque, Guillaume; Bubulya, Paula A; Ng, Huck-Hui

    2013-10-01

    Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) harbour the ability to undergo lineage-specific differentiation into clinically relevant cell types. Transcription factors and epigenetic modifiers are known to play important roles in the maintenance of pluripotency of hESCs. However, little is known about regulation of pluripotency through splicing. In this study, we identify the spliceosome-associated factor SON as a factor essential for the maintenance of hESCs. Depletion of SON in hESCs results in the loss of pluripotency and cell death. Using genome-wide RNA profiling, we identified transcripts that are regulated by SON. Importantly, we confirmed that SON regulates the proper splicing of transcripts encoding for pluripotency regulators such as OCT4, PRDM14, E4F1 and MED24. Furthermore, we show that SON is bound to these transcripts in vivo. In summary, we connect a splicing-regulatory network for accurate transcript production to the maintenance of pluripotency and self-renewal of hESCs.

  4. Independent Contributions of Early Positive Parenting and Mother-Son Coercion on Emerging Social Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akcinar, Berna; Shaw, Daniel S

    2018-06-01

    In the current study, we explored associations between parent-child coercion and positive parenting in the toddler period in relation to children's social-behavioral development during the school-age period. The data were drawn from the Pitt Mother & Child Project, a sample of 310 low-income, ethnically diverse boys. Drawing on tenets of both attachment and social learning theory, it was hypothesized that coercive mother-son interaction would lead to reductions in positive maternal parenting in the toddler period, and that both positive parenting and mother-son coercion in the toddler period would contribute to children's conduct problems at school entry and lower social skills and peer rejection in middle childhood. The results were largely confirmed, such that mother-son coercive interaction at 18 months was related to decreases in positive parenting at 24 months. Additionally, mother-son coercive interaction and positive parenting at 24 months were linked to child conduct problems at age 5, which in turn predicted child social skills and peer rejection during middle childhood. In addition to indirect effects through child conduct problems, mother-son coercion continued to be independently related to school-age peer rejection. The findings are discussed with respect to the importance of early coercive interactions in the growth of child social-behavioral development from early to middle childhood.

  5. La matière médicinale de La Celestina : donnée culturelle et enjeu dramatique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Dumora

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Il s’agit du rôle dévolu à la science médicale dans l’économie de la pièce. En se proposant de dépasser la dimension purement topique qu’on serait tenté d’assigner au discours médical, ce travail éclaire le personnage de Pármeno et son fonctionnement actantiel : ayant été malgré lui le disciple de Célestine, il détient son pouvoir et, tout en assurant l’ancrage de l’œuvre dans un des aspects du savoir et de la culture contemporains, il oppose une résistance à Célestine. Par son intervention, la matière médicale et la problématique amoureuse se trouvent intimement liées.

  6. Having a son or daughter with Down syndrome: perspectives from mothers and fathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skotko, Brian G; Levine, Susan P; Goldstein, Richard

    2011-10-01

    This study asks parents who have children with Down syndrome (DS) how they feel about their lives so that such information could be shared with expectant couples during prenatal counseling sessions. A valid and reliable survey instrument was mailed to 4,924 households on the mailing lists of six non-profit DS organizations. Of the 2,044 respondents, 99% reported that they love their son or daughter; 97% were proud of them; 79% felt their outlook on life was more positive because of them; 5% felt embarrassed by them; and 4% regretted having them. The parents report that 95% of their sons or daughters without DS have good relationships with their siblings with DS. The overwhelming majority of parents surveyed report that they are happy with their decision to have their child with DS and indicate that their sons and daughters are great sources of love and pride. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  7. The relation of son preference and religion to induced abortion: the case of South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Woojin

    2007-09-01

    This paper explores the factors that influence the practice of induced abortion in a very low fertility society, with particular emphasis on son preference and three distinct religions: Confucianism, Buddhism and Christianity. Using multivariate logistic regression models fitted by the generalized estimating equation (GEE) method, this paper analysed the data collected by the 2000 Korea National Fertility and Family Health Survey of 6348 married women aged 15-49 years with a total of 1217 pregnancy outcomes. The results showed that the likelihood of induced abortions in women with two or more children, compared with those with one child, was significantly influenced by the sex composition of the previous children: odds ratio (OR)=12.71 (95% CI=5.49, 29.42) for women with only son(s), and OR=3.91 (95% CI=1.67, 9.14) for women with only daughter(s). At parity two, women with two sons were much more likely to have induced abortions than women with two daughters (OR=5.88, 95% CI=2.70, 12.85). Although Buddhist women were not significantly different from Confucian women in induced abortion practice, Christian women were much less likely than Confucian women to have an induced abortion (OR=0.39, 95% CI=0.18, 0.88 for women with only sons and OR=0.44, 95% CI=0.24, 0.81 for women with two children). This suggests that even in this very low fertility society, son preference and religious affiliation are significant predictors of women's practice of induced abortion.

  8. The risk of cryptorchidism among sons of women working in horticulture in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gabel, Pernille; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard; Andersen, Helle Raun

    2011-01-01

    Androgens are crucial for normal testicular descent. Studies show that some pesticides have estrogenic or antiandrogenic effects, and that female workers exposed to pesticides have increased risk of having a boy with cryptorchidism. The main objective of the present study was to investigate wheth...... pregnant women exposed to pesticides due to their work in horticulture experience excess risk of having sons with cryptorchidism....

  9. "Fathers and Sons" in Xenophon's Teaching of the Man Taking Care of Himself

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pichugina, Victoria; Bezrogov, Vitaly

    2017-01-01

    This article considers the oeuvre of Xenophon (c.430-354 bc) as providing an insight into the concept of "care of the self" in Greek education. In many of his works the leading characters are men who take care of themselves through education. Addressing the theme of "fathers and sons," Xenophon aimed to show that "care of…

  10. Poetics of Narrative: A Study on the "Sons of the Wind" by Laila Al Atrash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Zuraigat, Asma M.; Zeidanin, Hussein Hasan

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at identifying the poetic devices overlapping with the genre of fiction in Laila Al Atrash's novel "The Sons of the Wind". The devices the study explores are the poetics of the title, poetics of the prologue and poetics of the language upon which the writer relies to support her point of view about the topics and issues…

  11. Mother-son discrepant reporting on parenting practices: The contribution of temperament and depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shishido, Yuri; Latzman, Robert D

    2017-06-01

    Despite low to moderate convergent correlations, assessment of youth typically relies on multiple informants for information across a range of psychosocial domains including parenting practices. Although parent-youth informant discrepancies have been found to predict adverse youth outcomes, few studies have examined contributing factors to the explanation of informant disagreements on parenting practices. The current study represents the first investigation to concurrently examine the role of mother and son's self-reported affective dimensions of temperament and depression as pathways to informant discrepancies on parenting practices. Within a community sample of 174 mother-son dyads, results suggest that whereas mother's self-reported temperament evidenced no direct effects on discrepancies, the association between the product term of mother's negative and positive temperament and discrepancies on positive parenting was fully mediated by mother's depression (a mediated moderation). In contrast, son's self-reported temperament evidenced both direct and indirect effects, partially mediated by depression, on rating discrepancies for positive parenting. All told, both son's self-reported affective dimensions of temperament and depression contributed to the explanation of discrepant reporting on parenting practices; only mother's self-reported depression, but not temperament, uniquely contributed. Results highlight the importance of considering both parent and youth's report in the investigation of informant discrepancies on parenting practices. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. When the Least Restrictive Environment is Residential: Meeting the Needs of Our Son

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Djenne-Amal

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author, a parent of Malik, a special needs child with CHARGE Syndrome, describes the difficulties she encountered with her local educational agency (LEA) in transitioning her son from the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts to the Eastern North Carolina School for the Deaf (ENCSD). At ENCSD, Malik now…

  13. Andrew Wyeth and N.C. Wyeth: a psychodynamic perspective on father and son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Jon A

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between two extraordinary artists, father and son--N.C. Wyeth (1882-1945) and Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009)--and their art. N.C. Wyeth, the father, the most famous illustrator of his day, painted scenes full of drama and action, often of men engaged in violent life and death struggles. N.C. was unable to separate from his powerful mother and yearned for his iconic father. He thought himself an artistic failure and dedicated himself to raising his children to be geniuses. The youngest son, Andrew Wyeth, who lived a "secret life," painted scenes often characterized by pathos: bleak and barren landscapes, leaden skies, tire tracks, gray framed houses, desiccated fields, and circling buzzards. In the father-son relationship, we often seen three themes perpetuated developmentally: (1) the son's identification with the innermost conflicts of his father; (2) the yearning for the iconic father of his youth; and (3) a continuation and disavowal of his father's life. These themes are played out in the relationship between Andrew Wyeth and his father.

  14. Compte rendu critique du livre Voir son steak comme un animal mort, de Martin Gibert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drolet, Marie-Josée

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This critical review provides, first, a step-by-step synthesis of the arguments presented in each chapter of Martin Gibert’s bookVoir son steak comme un animal mort (Seeing your steak as a dead animal. Second, a critical perspective of the book and a personal reflection are presented.

  15. The (un) making of a man: fathers and sons in the African novel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lipenga

    Things Fall Apart (1958), Zakes Mda's The Sculptors of. Mapungubwe ... The important thing to note in his analysis is his highlighting of the various ... to this discussion – of a farmer (strong, hard-working, strict) who is contrasted with his son ...

  16. Ahn and Son Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):28 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Ahn and Son Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):28-29 ... The comparisons of the frequency and choice of functional supplements were analysed using Chi-square test with. SPSS (SPSSs 18.0K for ... Significant difference of choice for functional supplements was observed between male and female (p < 0.01) ...

  17. The Putative Son's Attractiveness Alters the Perceived Attractiveness of the Putative Father.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokop, Pavol

    2015-08-01

    A body of literature has investigated female mate choice in the pre-mating context (pre-mating sexual selection). Humans, however, are long-living mammals forming pair-bonds which sequentially produce offspring. Post-mating evaluations of a partner's attractiveness may thus significantly influence the reproductive success of men and women. I tested herein the theory that the attractiveness of putative sons provides extra information about the genetic quality of fathers, thereby influencing fathers' attractiveness across three studies. As predicted, facially attractive boys were more frequently attributed to attractive putative fathers and vice versa (Study 1). Furthermore, priming with an attractive putative son increased the attractiveness of the putative father with the reverse being true for unattractive putative sons. When putative fathers were presented as stepfathers, the effect of the boy's attractiveness on the stepfather's attractiveness was lower and less consistent (Study 2). This suggests that the presence of an attractive boy has the strongest effect on the perceived attractiveness of putative fathers rather than on non-fathers. The generalized effect of priming with beautiful non-human objects also exists, but its effect is much weaker compared with the effects of putative biological sons (Study 3). Overall, this study highlighted the importance of post-mating sexual selection in humans and suggests that the heritable attractive traits of men are also evaluated by females after mating and/or may be used by females in mate poaching.

  18. The (un) making of a man: fathers and sons in the African novel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lipenga

    This perspective enables a reading of the texts as not merely depicting ... level, these texts reveal a structural trend where the relationship between the .... recipient of the teaching of masculinity, as Okonkwo's adopted son. .... from a feminist point of view, but in Mapungubwe, the norm is that a woman ..... critical dualism.

  19. Fathers Are Important People: A Study of Father-Son Sexual Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiIorio, Colleen; Lehr, Sally; Wasserman, Jill L.; Eichler, Michelle; Cherry, Chauncey; Denzmore, Pamela

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived role of African-American fathers in educating their sons about sex and HIV prevention. Given that some studies have shown a relationship between parent-adolescent sexual communication and adolescent sexual behavior, and the disproportionately high rates of teen pregnancy and HIV (and other…

  20. Une fosse du Bronze final IIb dans le Val d’Orléans à Sandillon (Loiret : données archéologiques et contexte environnemental A Late Bronze Age pit IIb in the Val d’Orléans at Sandillon (Loiret: archaeological data and environmental context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Froquet

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Un diagnostic archéologique réalisé en 2004 à Sandillon (Loiret a permis la découverte d’une occupation du Bronze final IIb dans la plaine alluviale de la Loire. Les structures sont peu nombreuses, mais une fosse se distingue par un ensemble céramique exceptionnel par sa richesse, sa conservation et la présence de formes encore inconnues en région Centre. Ce corpus céramique, corrélé par une datation par radiocarbone, offre désormais un jalon fiable pour la région. Par ailleurs, ces vestiges ont pu être replacés dans leur environnement immédiat grâce à une étude géomorphologique et à l’analyse des restes carpologiques contenus dans la fosse. Ainsi, le croisement des données permet de tenter une approche paléo environnementale sur une occupation en contexte fluviatile et de préciser les relations entre l’homme et son milieu durant cette période chronologique.An archaeological diagnostic carried out in 2004 at Sandillon (Loiret enabled the discovery of a final Bronze Age IIb occupation in the alluvial Loire valley. There are few structures but one pit is noteworthy for a ceramic collection, exceptional in its abundance, its preservation and the presence of previously unknown forms in the Centre region. This ceramic corpus, dated by radiocarbon, henceforth provides a reliable standard for the region. Moreover, these relics could be set in their immediate environment thanks to a geomorphological study and to the analysis of carpological remains contained in the pit. So, the crossing of data allows us to attempt an environmental paleolithic approach to an occupation in a freshwater context and to clarify the relationship between man and his environment in this chronological period.

  1. Uso de cal virgem para o controle de Salmonella spp. e Clostridium spp. em camas de aviário Quicklime for controlling Salmonella spp. and Clostridium spp in litter from floor pens of broilers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Dai Pra

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficácia do uso de cal virgem (CaO para a redução de Salmonella spp. e Clostridium spp. em cama de aviário. Foram aplicados quatro tratamentos: T1- sem adição de cal virgem (controle, T2- aplicação de cal virgem na dose de 300g m-2, T3- aplicação de cal virgem na dose de 600g m-2 e T4- aplicação de cal virgem na dose de 900g m-2. Os valores médios observados para o pH da cama após o 12° dia de aplicação de cal virgem foram 8,95 e 9,91, 10,75 e 11,11 para os tratamentos 1, 2, 3 e 4, respectivamente. O número mais provável Log10 (UFC de Salmonella spp. e Clostridium spp foi reduzido em 82 e 97% com a aplicação de cal na dosagem de 300g m-2 e 100% na dosagem de 600 e 900g m-2, ambos diferindo significativamente em relação ao controle (antes da aplicação da cal. A atividade de água da cama reduziu progressivamente (de 0,2 a 3,82% com a utilização de níveis crescentes de cal. Conclui-se que o uso da cal na cama de aviário, mesmo nas doses mais baixas, reduz o número mais provável de Salmonella e Clostridium ssp.This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of quicklime (CaO for reducing Salmonella and Clostridium spp. population in used litter from floor pens of broilers. Four treatments were tested: (T1 control (without quicklime; (T2 300g quicklime m-2; (T3 600g quicklime m-2; and (T4 900g quicklime m-2. The following average pH values were observed 12 days after adding quicklime: 8.95, 9.91, 10.75 and 11.11 for treatments 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. An 82 and 97% reduction in the most probable number Log10 (CFU of Salmonella and Clostridium spp, respectively, was observed when 300g m-2 of quicklime was added to the used litter from floor pens of broilers. Additionally, a 100% reduction was obtained when both 600 and 900g m-2 of quicklime were added, differing significantly from control (before adding quicklime. A progressive reduction in water activity (from 0.2 to 3.82% was

  2. Plantio direto de alface adubada com cama de aviário sobre coberturas vivas de grama e amendoim forrageiro Lettuce cultivated directly in poultry manure beds using grass and perennial peanut as living mulch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Geraldo de Oliveira

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A viabilidade agronômica do plantio direto de alface cv. Vera foi avaliada sobre coberturas vivas perenes de gramínea e leguminosa em sistema de manejo orgânico. Empregou-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados, dispostos em parcelas sub-divididas. Os tratamentos nas parcelas constaram de plantio em sistema de preparo convencional do solo (controle, plantio direto sobre cobertura viva de grama batatais e plantio direto sobre cobertura viva de amendoim forrageiro. Os tratamentos nas subparcelas constaram de adubação com doses de cama de aviário aplicada em cobertura (0; 7; 14 e 28 t ha-1, parceladas em três épocas. Observou-se que a produção de cabeça de alface não foi influenciada pelo modo de plantio e nem pela espécie de cobertura viva sobre a qual foi realizado o plantio direto. Modelo quadrático mostrou-se adequado para descrever a variação observada dos valores de produção de cabeça de alface em relação a doses. O rendimento máximo estimado pelo modelo de regressão para a massa fresca média de alface foi de 348 g planta-1 para a dose de 23 t ha-1 de cama de aviário. O plantio direto de alface sobre cobertura viva de grama batatais e amendoim forrageiro acarretou desempenho semelhante ao desta hortaliça, em sistema de preparo convencional do solo, com nível máximo de produtividade de 55,99 t ha-1 de massa fresca estimado pelo modelo de regressão.The agronomic viability of no-tillage system for lettuce was evaluated, using grass and legume as cover crop under organic management. A randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement was used. Plot treatments were conventional soil tillage (control, bahia grass and perennial peanut cultivated for living cover crops on no-tillage system. Split-plot treatments were doses of poultry manure (0; 7; 14 and 28 t ha-1 in three application periods. Lettuce cv. Vera yield was not affected by tillage system neither by cover crop. The quadratic model was the most

  3. Illustrer des données d’entretiens sur cartes sémantiques pour examiner le développement du vocabulaire de jeunes enfants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Turcotte

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Résumé L’évaluation du vocabulaire auprès de jeunes enfants est un défi puisque peu d’instruments tiennent compte des processus d’apprentissage du vocabulaire. S’appuyant sur les connaissances relatives au développement des champs lexicaux, cet article propose d’organiser et de présenter, sous forme de cartes sémantiques, des données recueillies à partir d’entretiens. Afin de présenter la contribution d’une telle démarche, deux de ces cartes sont exposées, illustrant le vocabulaire expressif de deux enfants de 4 et 6 ans interrogés à trois reprises, avant et après une activité portant sur les quatre saisons. Les avantages et les limites de cette démarche sont décrits et discutés, puisque cet article a comme visée de contribuer à la création de nouveaux instruments et de nouvelles méthodes, complémentaires aux instruments déjà existants afin d’évaluer le vocabulaire de jeunes enfants. Abstract The evaluation of young children’s vocabulary is a challenge because few instruments reflect the vocabulary learning process. Based on knowledge about the development of lexical fields, this article proposes to organize and present data collected from interviews with the help of semantic maps. In order to describe the contribution of such an approach, two of these semantic maps are exposed, showing the expressive vocabulary of two children of 4 and 6 years of age before and after a learning activity on the four seasons. The advantages and limits of this approach are described and discussed, since this article intends to contribute to the creation of new instruments and new methods, complementary to existing instruments assessing the vocabulary of young children.

  4. Diplomacia, propaganda y guerra santa en el siglo XIV: la embajada castellana a Aviñón y la elaboración del discurso ideológico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Picavea, Enrique

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available After the triumph at the Battle of Salado (1340, Alfonso XI of Castile sent an embassy to Pope Benedict XII to inform him of victory. Naturally, the embassy was conceived as an act of propaganda. This episode was later recounted in the Crónica de Alfonso XI, the Poema de Alfonso Onceno and the Gran Crónica de Alfonso XI. The three works produced the ideological discourse that interested to the monarchy. The aim of this paper is to analyze the propaganda transmitted by these three texts. In the story of the embassy to Avignon, Alfonso XI is presented as the leader of Christendom against Islam.

    Tras el triunfo en la batalla del Salado (1340, Alfonso XI de Castilla envió una embajada al Papa Benedicto XII para comunicarle la victoria. Naturalmente, la embajada fue concebida como un acto de propaganda política. Este episodio fue recogido posteriormente por las tres fuentes básicas para conocer el reinado del monarca castellano: la Crónica de Alfonso XI, el Poema de Alfonso Onceno y la Gran Crónica de Alfonso XI. Las tres obras contribuyeron a elaborar el discurso ideológico que le interesaba transmitir a la monarquía. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la visión propagandística que estos textos dejaron sobre el episodio de la embajada a Aviñón, donde el monarca castellano es presentado como el líder que necesita la Cristiandad para enfrentarse al Islam.

  5. La production éditoriale de Benoît Rigaud et son catalogue chevaleresque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Montorsi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La présente contribution se propose d’enquêter sur l’imprimeur-libraire Benoît Rigaud à la fois par le biais d’une étude de sa production globale et par une analyse portant sur ses impressions chevaleresques. Benoît Rigaud est l’un des éditeurs les plus prolifiques du XVIe siècle français, avec une activité qui s’étend sur plus que 40 ans et avec 1500 impressions environ. Entre 1572 et 1597, Rigaud publie de nombreux romans de chevalerie, à la fois médiévaux et renaissants, et devient l’un des imprimeurs les plus influents du marché chevaleresque de la fin du siècle. Après un préambule sur la réception des romans de chevalerie au XVIe siècle, la vaste production de Rigaud fait l’objet d’une analyse quantitative, avant que ne soit analysée la production des récits de chevalerie. Les données récoltées permettent de tirer des conclusions sur la dynamique éditoriale du genre chevaleresque ainsi que sur sa réception dans la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle.This research seeks to shed light on the publisher Benoît Rigaud both through a study of his global production and an analysis of his chivalry printed books. Benoît Rigaud is one of the most productive publishers of 16th century France, with an activity covering more than 40 years, years during which he printed around 1500 books. Moreover, between 1572 and 1597, Rigaud printed many chivalry romances, both medieval and modern texts, so that he became one of the main publishers of chivalry literature of that period. In this research, after some short remarks upon the reception of chivalry romances in 16th century, the large production of Rigaud is subject to a quantitative analysis. Then, his production of chivalry romances is studied more in detail. The collected data lead us to draw conclusions on the dynamic of the chivalry genre as well as on his reception in the second half of the 16th century.

  6. DOLOR Y SUFRIMIENTO NO SON SINÓNIMOS PERO SON INTRÍNSECOS A LA NATURALEZA HUMANA:UNA VISIÓN DEL DOLOR Y EL SUFRIMIENTO HUMANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Darío Camargo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El dolor y el sufrimiento no tienen un referente histórico en el hombre. Solo desde que el hombre es consciente de su humanidad se presenta el dolor y el sufrimiento. El hombre y el dolor siempre han existido, se sufre cuando se nace y se siente dolor, proceso que se repite en cada respiración celular, en cada reacción de oxireducción. Bioló-gicamente en Latín PATIOR = SUFRIR-PADECER es el esfuerzo energético de todo ser vivo para su integración factorial celular.En la medicina el dolor tiene su explicación anatómica y fisiológica, el dolor hace referencia a lo somático y a lo fisiológico. El Dolor agudo es la consecuencia inmediata de la activación del siste-ma nociceptivo, generalmente por un daño tisular somático o visceral, desapareciendo habitualmente con la lesión que lo originó. El Dolor crónico es aquel que persiste en ausencia de la lesión perifé-rica inicial. En la esencia de la filosofía el dolor es impensable e inteligible, se siente, se maneja se tolera pero no se piensa en dolor. Dolor y sufrimiento no son sinónimos pero son intrínsecos a la naturaleza humana. El hombre cuando experimenta el dolor se encuentra con su propio límite, con su propia impotencia de no poder cambiar un hecho real. El sufrimiento humano en la atención diaria del paciente enfermo no lo maneja-mos por ser este algo intangible no monitorizable y mucho menos medible y cuantificable.El dolor del enfermo no es libre ni voluntario, es producto de la fragilidad de su materia, el dolor del que sufre despierta en sus familiares la solidaridad y Tolerancia.

  7. Why Are Indian Children So Short? The Role of Birth Order and Son Preference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayachandran, Seema; Pandi, Rohini

    2017-09-01

    Child stunting in India exceeds that in poorer regions like sub-Saharan Africa. Data on over 168,000 children show that, relative to Africa, India's height disadvantage increases sharply with birth order. We posit that India’s steep birth order gradient is due to favoritism toward eldest sons, which affects parents' fertility decisions and resource allocation across children. We show that, within India, the gradient is steeper for high-son-preference regions and religions. The gradient also varies with sibling gender as predicted. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that India's steeper birth order gradient can explain over one-half of the India-Africa gap in average child height.

  8. Experiences of parents whose sons or daughters have (had) attempted suicide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buus, Niels; Caspersen, Jimmy; Hansen, Rasmus

    2014-01-01

    problem and relatives are understood as playing an important role in suicide prevention; however, suicide and suicidal behaviour affect the relatives' lives profoundly, both emotionally and socially, and the psychosocial impact on families is underresearched. DESIGN: Focus groups with parents of sons......AIM: The aim of this exploratory study was to gain further insights into the experiences of parents of sons or daughters who have attempted suicide and how these parents respond to the increased psychosocial burden following the suicide attempt(s). BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health...... or daughters who have attempted suicide. METHODS: In January and February 2012, we interviewed two groups of parents recruited at a counselling programme for relatives of persons who have attempted suicide. The analysis combined a thematic analysis with a subsequent analysis of how the themes were negotiated...

  9. Parents' perceptions of their adolescent sons' recovery in a therapeutic community for addicted clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Gila; Elisha, Ety; Timor, Uri; Ronel, Natti

    2013-11-01

    A qualitative phenomenological study of parents of addicted male adolescents who were residents of a Jewish therapeutic community (TC) describes and interprets the parents' perceptions of the recovery process. Deep, semistructured interviews with 14 parents provided the data. The parents' perceptions were clustered into three main themes of meaning: (a) the process of change, (b) the experiences of family members in the course of the son's recovery process, and (c) the parents' perception of the treatment at Retorno. According to the parents, the admission of their sons into the TC brought notable relief to the family life, which enabled the whole family to begin a recovery process. The findings support the positive criminology perspective that emphasizes the disintegration-integration vector as significant in the recovery process. Recommendations for intervention planning are provided.

  10. 6j-symbols for symmetric representations of SO(n) as the double series

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alisauskas, Sigitas

    2002-01-01

    The corrected triple sum expression of Alisauskas (1987 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 20 35) for the recoupling (Racah) coefficients (6j-symbols) of the symmetric (most degenerate) representations of the orthogonal groups SO(n) (previously derived from the fourfold sum expression of Alisauskas also related to the result of Hormess and Junker (1999 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 32 4249) is rearranged into three new different double sum expressions (related to the hypergeometric Kampe de Feriet type series) and a new triple sum expression with preferable summation condition. The Regge type symmetry of special 6j-symbols of the orthogonal groups SO(n) in terms of special Kampe de Feriet F 1:4 1:3 series is revealed. The recoupling coefficients for antisymmetric representations of symplectic group Sp(2n) are derived using their relation with the recoupling coefficients of the formal orthogonal group SO(-2n)

  11. O campo magnético e a massa dos mésons

    OpenAIRE

    Camila Sampaio Machado

    2013-01-01

    Neste trabalho buscamos explorar os efeitos do campo magnético, criado em colisões de íons pesados não-centrais, em estados ligados. Motivados pelo caso do átomo de hidrogênio, onde a presença do campo magnético deixa o estado mais ligado,estudamos o caso dos mésons B e D. Inicialmente trabalhamos com a equação de Schrödinger e utilizamos o modelo de potencial de Cornell que faz uma boa descrição da espectroscopoia de mésons pesados. Em seguida, utilizando as regras de soma da QCD, procuram...

  12. The Son's Fault: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Search for and Recovery of Sonship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinds, Jay-Paul

    2018-04-01

    This article examines the role of sonship in the psychological and spiritual development of men. In using the methodology of psychobiography, I explore the life history of Martin Luther King, Jr. to analyze his search for and recovery of sonship. I propose that sonship helps men rebel against and, in the end, overcome the feelings of inadequacy that are experienced in their struggles to achieve manhood, particularly within the father-son dyad. The scholarship of pastoral theologian Donald Capps is instructive in this regard, in that he suggests that sons should be allowed to search for a male figure, a father-substitute, who can affirm, not disdain or reject, this state of sonship. In the end, what is often viewed as a negative act of regression-i.e., the recovery of and return to sonship-is recognized instead as a positive one that assists a man in his journey toward wholeness.

  13. Borgring sæson 1 - Vold, brand og ødelæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulriksen, Jens; Christensen, Jonas; Holm, Nanna

    2017-01-01

    son 1 af Borgringprojektet er overstået – i hvert fald i marken. Efter måneders planlægning, både blandt arkæologer og formidlingsfolk, kunne Hendes Majestæt Dronningen officielt åbne den publikumsorienterede del af forskningsprojektet den sidste dag i maj 2016. Gennem de følgende tre måneder bl...

  14. Las computadoras ¿son buenas o malas para los niños?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revista Chasqui

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trabaja sobre un estudio del Instituo Argentino de Computación. Sobre las computadoras hay criterios opuestos unos las defienden y otros las atacan, pero lo cierto es que éstas no son ni buenas ni malas para los niños. Da a los padres y maestros advertencias sobre los riesgos. Informa sobre el programa Kidkey que ayuda a fijar el tiempo de conexión a Internet.

  15. The iron swords from the necropolis of Son Pellisser; preliminary advance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Fernández Mártinez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper submits the iron swords from the necropolis of Son Pellisser (Calvià-Majorca. Although the materials that we find are numerous and still under research offer a preliminary study about three imported swords, found in burial objects, also their possible origin and way of introduction on the island. These weapons could be the first archaeological evidence that the Balearic mercenaries participated in the Wars of Sicily, between Carthaginians and Greeks, from the fifth century BC.

  16. ¡Son notables… los desaciertos y los vacíos!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Argüello Rodríguez

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Son notables las ausencias y los equilibrios forzados en el informe de los cinco ciudadanos costarricenses sobre el TLC. Ausencias y seudoequilibrios que han sido ya utilizados para fortalecer la campaña de propaganda arrebatadora contra la oposición al TLC indicando que ‘los notables’ desnudaron los fantasmas (con lo cual, a decir verdad no se vería nada, sería la total transparencia.

  17. Values that Fathers Communicate to Sons about Sex, Sexuality, Relationships, and Marriage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coakley, Tanya M; Randolph, Schenita D; Shears, Jeffrey; Collins, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    African American males between ages 13 and 24 are disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS; indeed, they account for 50% of HIV infections among all youth. Clear communication between parents and their youth about sex is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse, which can prevent STIs and unintended pregnancy. However, barriers exist for parents to educate their youth about sexual health. The purpose of this article is to explore the values fathers communicate to their sons to prevent their risky sexual behaviors that lead to STIs, HIV, and adolescent parenthood. This was a qualitative study conducted from May and June 2015. African American fathers (N = 29) who had sons, ages 10 to 15 years, participated in five focus groups across metropolitan and rural North Carolina communities in barbershops. A qualitative content analysis revealed four themes regarding areas that fathers imparted their values onto their sons to protect them from sexual health risks: (a) sex, (b) sexuality, (c) relationships, and (d) marriage. The findings have implications for social work and public health practice.

  18. Multivariate Multiple Regression Models for a Big Data-Empowered SON Framework in Mobile Wireless Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoonsu Shin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the 5G era, the operational cost of mobile wireless networks will significantly increase. Further, massive network capacity and zero latency will be needed because everything will be connected to mobile networks. Thus, self-organizing networks (SON are needed, which expedite automatic operation of mobile wireless networks, but have challenges to satisfy the 5G requirements. Therefore, researchers have proposed a framework to empower SON using big data. The recent framework of a big data-empowered SON analyzes the relationship between key performance indicators (KPIs and related network parameters (NPs using machine-learning tools, and it develops regression models using a Gaussian process with those parameters. The problem, however, is that the methods of finding the NPs related to the KPIs differ individually. Moreover, the Gaussian process regression model cannot determine the relationship between a KPI and its various related NPs. In this paper, to solve these problems, we proposed multivariate multiple regression models to determine the relationship between various KPIs and NPs. If we assume one KPI and multiple NPs as one set, the proposed models help us process multiple sets at one time. Also, we can find out whether some KPIs are conflicting or not. We implement the proposed models using MapReduce.

  19. Girl adoption in China-A less-known side of son preference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yuyu; Ebenstein, Avraham; Edlund, Lena; Li, Hongbin

    2015-01-01

    In 1987, 4 per cent of girls were adopted within China. Why? Unlike infanticide, abandonment rids parents of daughters while preserving the supply of potential brides. In fact, an erstwhile tradition common in Fujian and Jiangxi provinces had parents of sons adopting an infant girl to serve as a future daughter-in-law and household help. Analysing a nationally representative 1992 survey of children, we found that: (1) girl adoptions were concentrated in the above-mentioned provinces; (2) girls were predominantly adopted by families with sons; (3) adopted girls faced substantial disadvantage as measured by school attendance at ages 8-13. In the 1990s, as the sex ratio at birth climbed, were girls aborted rather than abandoned? Observing that in the 2000 census too many girls appear in families with older sons, we estimated that at least 1/25 girls were abandoned in the 1990s, a proportion that in Fujian and Jiangxi may have peaked at 1/10 in 1994.

  20. Paternal antisocial behavior and sons' cognitive ability: a population-based quasiexperimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latvala, Antti; Kuja-Halkola, Ralf; Långström, Niklas; Lichtenstein, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Parents' antisocial behavior is associated with developmental risks for their offspring, but its effects on their children's cognitive ability are unknown. We used linked Swedish register data for a large sample of adolescent men (N = 1,177,173) and their parents to estimate associations between fathers' criminal-conviction status and sons' cognitive ability assessed at compulsory military conscription. Mechanisms behind the association were tested in children-of-siblings models across three types of sibling fathers with increasing genetic relatedness (half-siblings, full siblings, and monozygotic twins) and in quantitative genetic models. Sons whose fathers had a criminal conviction had lower cognitive ability than sons whose fathers had no conviction (any crime: Cohen's d = -0.28; violent crime: Cohen's d = -0.49). As models adjusted for more genetic factors, the association was gradually reduced and eventually eliminated. Nuclear-family environmental factors did not contribute to the association. Our results suggest that the association between men's antisocial behavior and their children's cognitive ability is not causal but is due mostly to underlying genetic factors. © The Author(s) 2014.

  1. Trias de Tripolitaine (Libye. Nouvelles données biostratigraphiques et palynologiques Trias of Tripolitania (Libya. New Biostratigraphic and Palynological Data (Part Two

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massa D.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le Trias du nord-ouest de la Libye (Tripolitaine, a été antérieurement étudié en grand détail sur les zones d'affleurements. Les datations proposées étaient peu précises voire inexactes. . . Dans ce travail ont été étudiés les sondages pétroliers antérieurement forés. Cinq unités ont été définies pour le Trias, basées sur les électrofaciès et sur les séquences lithologiques. On peut établir facilement les corrélations régionales de ces unités, toujours caractérisables malgré d'importantes variations d'épaisseur. En combinant les données de la micropaléontologie et de la palynologie, il est possible de proposer une biostratigraphie satisfaisante des différentes unités du Trias. Le Permien moyen/supérieur est daté par une microflore assez classique. Le Scythien supérieur, transgressif est caractérisé par la microfaune, notamment Meandrospira pusilla. Le Trias moyen (Anisien et Ladinien est daté par palynologie. Le Carnien renferme une riche association de Spores, de Pollens, de Foraminifères, d'Algues et de Coprolites. Le Norien semble bien être représenté entre le Carnien supérieur et l'Infra-Lias, bien que l'association palynologique soit peu diversifiée. IL semble bien établi que le Trias soit complet, sans lacunes. On tentera de reconstituer les milieux de dépôts successifs. On recherchera les affinités et les différences entre le Trias tripolitain et le Trias des domaines germanique, alpin et mésogéen. The outcrops of the Trias of North-West Libya (Tripolitania have been studied in great detail. The proposed age dating was not always precise and sometimes not exact. This recent study was done on several oil exploration wells. Five Units have been defined for the Trias, based on Electrofacies and on lithological sequences. These Units are easily correlated in the region, maintaining their character despite important thickness variations. Combining the micropaleontological and palynological

  2. The Son Jarocho and Fandango Amidst Struggle and Social Movements: Migratory Transformation and Reinterpretation of the Son Jarocho in La Nueva Espa�a, M�xico, and the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Hern�ndez, Alexandro David

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation is a study on the son jarocho and its fandango as a migratory and transformative musical culture between nations and social circumstances. The son jarocho embodies tradition in many cultural practices of society, such as its presence at social rites and at fandangos. However, there exist hidden histories, transcripts of resistance not accounted for in M�xico's official history, of the son jarocho as music of struggle and protest. From censorship, punishment, and imprisonme...

  3. Complicated grief and manic comorbidity in the aftermath of the loss of a son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmassi, Claudia; Shear, M Katherine; Socci, Chiara; Corsi, Martina; Dell'osso, Liliana; First, Michael B

    2013-09-01

    Based on the recommendations of the sub-workgroup on trauma and dissociative disorders, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) removed the "bereavement exclusion" from the criteria for major depression in DSM-5. In addition, proposed DSM-5 research criteria for persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) were included in the new manual in a section for conditions and criteria needing further research. We describe a case that warranted such a diagnosis. The patient was a 52- year-old woman who was admitted to the inpatient unit of our clinic on the birthday of her son who had died 18 months earlier. She was diagnosed with a manic episode with psychotic symptoms according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria and was treated accordingly. Three months after discharge, she made a suicide attempt and was admitted and re-assessed. During this admission, she completed the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Mood-Spectrum Rating Scale (MOODS-SR), and the Trauma and Loss Spectrum questionnaire (TALS-SR). She endorsed symptoms of intense yearning for her son, feelings of shock and disbelief, anger and bitterness related to his death, estrangement from others, auditory, tactile and visual hallucinations of the deceased, and intense emotional reactivity to memories of her son. These symptoms were sufficiently prolonged and severe to meet criteria for complicated grief. While complicated grief appeared to be the primary diagnosis for this patient, when she was diagnosed using only DSMIV-TR criteria, her treatment failed to address herprimary problem. This case draws attention to the occurrence of manic-like symptoms as well as depression-like manifestations following bereavement and highlights the importance of including the syndrome of complicated grief in the diagnostic nomenclature.

  4. The risk of cryptorchidism among sons of women working in horticulture in Denmark: a cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Pernille; Jensen, Morten Søndergaard; Andersen, Helle Raun; Baelum, Jesper; Thulstrup, Ane Marie; Bonde, Jens Peter; Toft, Gunnar

    2011-11-14

    Androgens are crucial for normal testicular descent. Studies show that some pesticides have estrogenic or antiandrogenic effects, and that female workers exposed to pesticides have increased risk of having a boy with cryptorchidism. The main objective of the present study was to investigate whether pregnant women exposed to pesticides due to their work in horticulture experience excess risk of having sons with cryptorchidism. We conducted a cohort study of pregnant women working in horticulture using four cohorts including one cohort established with data from the departments of occupational medicine in Jutland and Funen and three existing mother-child cohorts (n=1,468). A reference group was established from the entire Danish population of boys born in the period of 1986-2007 (n=783,817). Nationwide Danish health registers provided information on birth outcome, cryptorchidism diagnosis and orchiopexy. The level of occupational exposure to pesticides was assessed by expert judgment blinded towards outcome status. Risk of cryptorchidism among exposed horticulture workers compared to the background population and to unexposed horticulture workers was assessed by Cox regression models. Pesticide exposed women employed in horticulture had a hazard ratio (HR) of having cryptorchid sons of 1.39 (95% CI 0.84; 2.31) and a HR of orchiopexy of 1.34 (0.72; 2.49) compared to the background population. Analysis divided into separate cohorts revealed a significantly increased risk of cryptorchidism in cohort 2: HR 2.58 (1.07;6.20) and increased risk of orchiopexy in cohort 4: HR 2.76 (1.03;7.35), but no significant associations in the other cohorts. Compared to unexposed women working in horticulture, pesticide exposed women had a risk of having sons with cryptorchidism of 1.34 (0.30; 5.96) and of orchiopexy of 1.93 (0.24;15.4). The data are compatible with a slightly increased risk of cryptorchidism in sons of women exposed to pesticides by working in horticulture.

  5. Representations of the algebra Uq'(son) related to quantum gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klimyk, A.U.

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to review our results on finite dimensional irreducible representations of the nonstandard q-deformation U q ' (so n ) of the universal enveloping algebra U(so(n)) of the Lie algebra so(n) which does not coincide with the Drinfeld-Jimbo quantum algebra U q (so n ).This algebra is related to algebras of observables in quantum gravity and to algebraic geometry.Irreducible finite dimensional representations of the algebra U q ' (so n ) for q not a root of unity and for q a root of unity are given

  6. ¿Son Fiables las Estimaciones de Pobreza en América Latina?

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay G. Reddy

    2008-01-01

    ¿Cuál es el nivel de pobreza de ingresos en América Latina? ¿Ha estado disminuyendo? ¿Son fiables las estimaciones actuales? El enfoque más influyente para medir la pobreza de ingresos a nivel regional y mundial es él utilizado por el Banco Mundial, que establece líneas internacionales de pobreza de ?un dólar al día? y ?dos dólares al día? por persona. El banco utiliza factores de ?paridad del poder adquisitivo? (PPA) para transformar estas líneas internacionales en monedas locales. (...)...

  7. Failed Mothers, Monster Sons. Reading Shakespeare’S Richard Iii as a Fairy Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percec Dana

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at Shakespeare’s historical play Richard III and its fairy tale-like character given by the configuration of the main character as an arch-villain and the presence of motifs and patterns typically associated with the fairy tale genre. More specifically, it considers the mother-son relationship between the Duchess of York and Richard in the light of the motif of monstrous birth. It is not a coincidence that the emergence of such motifs coincides with the historical contexts of the early modern period. Reading Richard III in this key is related to the revisionist approach to chronicle plays.

  8. THE EPITHESIS IN THE LOAN WORDS ALINTI KELİMELERDE SON TÜREME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülden SAĞOL YÜKSEKKAYA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaptyxis is a sound appearing that is not found in the original structure of the word. There are three types of anaptyxis: prothesis, epenthesis and epithesis. Epithesis is a vowel or consonant appearing at the end of a word which is not found in the original structure of it. Although, there isn’t not so much example, both vowel and consonant reproduction is seen even in the last sound of the word; but the derivative sound isn’t the same, standard in the whole dialects and accents. Nevertheless some derivative sounds have an intense in a specific region, they aren’t seen in the other areas or has rare example. In this study, the epithesis in the loan words in Turkish will be emphasized. Bir kelimede aslında bulunmayan bir sesin sonradan ortaya çıkmasına ses türemesi denir. Ses türemesinin üç çeşidi vardır: ön türeme, iç türeme, son türeme. Son türeme, kelimenin aslında bulunmayan bir ünlü veya ünsüzün kelime sonunda belirmesidir. Örneği fazla olmamakla birlikte son seste de hem ünlü hem de ünsüz türemesi görülür. Ancak türeyen sesler standart olarak bütün lehçe ve ağızlarda ortak değildir. Türeyen bazı sesler belli bir bölge içerisinde yoğunlaşırken, bazı bölgelerde görülmemekte veya sadece birkaç, hatta bir örnekle sınırlı kalabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkçede alıntı kelimelerdeki son türeme örnekleri üzerinde durulacaktır.

  9. THE APOCOPE IN THE LOAN WORDS ALINTI KELİMELERDE SON SES DÜŞMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin KOÇ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Disappearance is the loss of a sound in structure of the word with some reasons. There are three types of disappearance: apheresis, syncope and apocope. The apocope is disappearance of a vowel or consonant at the end of a word. This situation isn’t standard in whole dialects and accents. Some dropping sounds, have an intense in a spesific region, they aren’t seen in the other areas or have rare examples. This is rather common in the dialects. In this study will be handled the apocope in the loan words with the examples in Turkey Turkish and contemporary Turkish dialects. Bir kelimedeki seslerden birinin, çeşitli nedenlerle düşmesine ses düşmesi denir. Ses düşmesi üç çeşittir: ön ses düşmesi, iç ses düşmesi ve son ses düşmesi. Son ses düşmesi, kelimede son ses durumunda olan ünlü veya ünsüzün düşmesidir. Bu durum, bütün lehçelerde ve ağızlarda standart değildir. Düşen bazı sesler, belli bir bölge içinde yoğunlaşırken, bazı bölgelerde görülmemekte ve hatta birkaç ya da bir örnekle sınırlı kalabilmektedir. Bu daha çok ağızlarda görülür. Çalışmada, Türkiye Türkçesinde ve Çağdaş Türk Lehçelerinde alıntı kelimelerde son ses düşmesi bahsi örnekleriyle ele alınacaktır.

  10. LA SABIDURIA DEL SILENCIO. HACIA EL DIÁLOGO... ¡OTROS MUNDOS SON POSIBLES!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Valverde Campos

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A Occidentales y Orientales nos cobija un mismo techo. Sin embargo, la manera de concebir el mundo y, por ende, de actuar, es diferente. La sociedad globalizada en la que vivimos quiere hacer de este mundo uno solo, con un solo corazón y una sola manera de actuar y pensar. Occidente ha impuesto su mundo cuando en realidad son muchos y debemos conocerlos. El pensamiento oriental tiene mucho qué decirnos a los occidentales. En todo caso, el silencio que impone la escucha es fundamental en eso que tantos llaman hoy el diálogo.

  11. Son preference, number of children, education and occupational choice in rural Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Hatlebakk, Magnus

    2012-01-01

    A unique family survey was conducted in Nepal to investigate the economic consequences of having a first-born girl. Women get more children, but we find no causal effect of number of children on economic outcomes. But independently of the number of children there is a positive effect on boys' education of having a first born sister, who presumably takes care of household work so the boys can focus on school. This indicates a stronger son-preference in Nepal than what is found in studies from ...

  12. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Son of an Organic Chemist of Denmark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brisbois, Ronald G.

    2004-04-01

    Once faced with structure reactivity relationships in the context of nucleophilic substitution at sp 3 carbon, introductory organic chemistry students must compare and contrast the various attributes and ramifications of S N 2 versus S N 1 reaction pathways. The dramatic (even melodramatic) way in which some students ask such comparative questions inspired a parody of Hamlet's famous to be or not to be soliloquy. Herein, Hamlet (the son of an organic chemist of Denmark) is the surrogate of any and every student as he uses a thoroughly Shakespearian approach to sorting out some of the key distinguishing features of S N 2 versus S N 1 reactions.

  13. ¿Son efectivas las intervenciones para reducir el consumo de sodio en la dieta?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Rada

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Las personas que consumen más sodio tienen cifras de presión arterial más alta, lo cual aumenta su morbimortalidad cardiovascular. El consumo de sodio en países latinoamericanos duplica o triplica lo recomendado, lo que ha llevado a redoblar los esfuerzos por abordar este problema. Los cambios de conducta y modificación de estilos de vida son difíciles de conseguir y mantener en el tiempo, por lo que las intervenciones a este nivel suelen precisar un abordaje desde múltiples perspectivas.

  14. Efeitos da adição de gesso agrícola à cama aviária sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte Effects of agricultural gypsum addition to broiler litter on broilers performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Daniel Giusti Bruno

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi realizado para avaliar o efeito da adição de gesso agrícola à cama aviária sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte. Quatro níveis de gesso: G1, G2, G3 e G4 (10, 20, 30 e 40%, respectivamente, em relação a um grupo controle que usou 50 kg de maravalha de madeira como cama foram testados. O gesso foi adicionado em diferentes períodos: T1 (quando as aves apresentaram nove dias de idade das aves e T2 (quantidade total de gesso foi dividida ao meio e aplicada, respectivamente, aos 9 e 23 dias de idade das aves. O delineamento estatístico adotado foi o inteiramente ao acaso, com nove tratamentos, compondo um esquema fatorial 4 x 2 (nível de gesso x idade das aves + grupo testemunha. Consumo de ração, ganho de peso, conversão alimentar e mortalidade foram avaliados em três períodos: 9 a 21 dias, 21 a 49 dias e 9 a 49 dias de idade das aves. O gesso não influiu no desempenho das aves, exceto no consumo de ração, no primeiro período avaliado (9 a 21 dias.The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of agricultural gypsum addition to broiler litter on broiler performance. Four levels of gypsum: G1, G2, G3 and G4 (respectively, 10, 20, 30 and 40% in relation to a control group that used 50 kg of wood scraps were tested. The gypsum was added at different periods: T1 (when the broiler presented nine days of age and T2 (the total amount of gypsum was divided in half and applied, respectively, at the 9 and 23 days of the broiler ages. A completely randomized design was used, with nine treatments, in a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement (level of gypsum x broiler ages + control group. Feed intake, weight gain, feed:gain ratio and mortality were evaluated in three periods: from 9 to 21, from 21 to 49, and from 9 to 49 days of the broiler ages. The agricultural gypsum did not affect the broilers performance, except in the feed intake, in the first evaluated period (from 9 to 21 days.

  15. Clonal study of avian Escherichia coli strains by fliC conserved-DNA-sequence regions analysis Estudo clonal de Escherichia coli aviário por análise de seqüências de DNA conservadas do gene fliC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Amabile de Campos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The clonal relationship among avian Escherichia coli strains and their genetic proximity with human pathogenic E. coli, Salmonela enterica, Yersinia enterocolitica and Proteus mirabilis, was determined by the DNA sequencing of the conserved 5' and 3'regions fliC gene (flagellin encoded gene. Among 30 commensal avian E. coli strains and 49 pathogenic avian E. coli strains (APEC, 24 commensal and 39 APEC strains harbored fliC gene with fragments size varying from 670bp to 1,900bp. The comparative analysis of these regions allowed the construction of a dendrogram of similarity possessing two main clusters: one compounded mainly by APEC strains and by H-antigens from human E. coli, and another one compounded by commensal avian E. coli strains, S. enterica, and by other H-antigens from human E. coli. Overall, this work demonstrated that fliC conserved regions may be associated with pathogenic clones of APEC strains, and also shows a great similarity among APEC and H-antigens of E. coli strains isolated from humans. These data, can add evidence that APEC strains can exhibit a zoonotic risk.A relação clonal entre linhagens de Escherichia coli de origem aviária e sua proximidade genética com E. coli patogênica para humanos, Salmonella enterica, Yersinia enterocolitica e Proteus mirabilis foi determinada através da utilização das seqüências conservadas 5' e 3' do gene fliC (responsável pela codificação da flagelina. Entre as 30 linhagens comensais de E. coli aviária e as 49 linhagens patogênicas de E. coli para aves (APEC, 24 linhagens comensais e 39 APEC apresentaram o gene fliC, que foi encontrado em tamanhos que variam de 670pb a 1900pb. Um dendrograma representando similaridade genética foi obtido a partir do seqüenciamento das regiões 5' e 3' conservadas do gene fliC das linhagens de E. coli de origem aviária, das seqüências dos antígenos H de E. coli de origem humana, de S. enterica, Y. enterocolitica e de P. mirabilis. A an

  16. A Stylistic Analysis of D.H. Lawrence’s ‘Sons and Lovers’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nozar Niazi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at analyzing D.H. Lawrence’s ‘Sons and Lovers’ using a stylistic approach. Stylistics is a study of the amalgamation of form with content. The stylistic analysis of a novel goes beyond the traditional, intuitive interpretation, because it combines intuition and detailed linguistic analysis of the text. The defining elements of modern language are within the text itself, not prescribed from outside. With modernist texts, usually understanding comes from close study of the language system defined within the text itself. Form, technique and style are considered not as a mere vehicle of the content of the story, but an integral part of the work’s meaning and value. In our analysis of ‘Sons and Lovers’ the resources of language: lexis, syntax, phonology, figurative language, cohesion and coherence, are discussed in relation to the style of discourse in order to explore hidden meanings in the text. The resources of language are shown to be an essential part of the meaning of the novel.

  17. Cinematic narratives of Sonderkommando: Son of saul or narrating the victim, perpetrator, trauma and death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daković Nevena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to map out - by analysing the film Son of Saul, but also by its comparison with two other films dealing with the topic, Himmelkommando and The Grey Zone, the narrative mechanism that satisfies the complex ethical and aesthetical demands imposed by the theme of Sonderkommando as the particular episode of the Holocaust. The key element of the narrative structure is the construction of the Levi’s “dead and drowned” witness who “resurrected” through the narrative intervention becomes the only reliable and credible narrator of the historical trauma. The prerequisite for his emergence is the narration and representation of the death which makes but also solves the traumatised - understood as multiple, fragmented, opposed - identities of the members of the special squad. Their entangled identity involves the simultaneous presence of a victim, perpetrator, witness and the authentic narrator of the trauma of the death camp. The death of the perpetrator is the condition sina qua non for the emergence of the figure of the victim-witness narrator but also for making of narrative which overcomes the initial trauma of the Holocaust. The detailed analysis of the film Son of Saul confirms and identifies these narratives as the modernist narration of the post-traumatic film.

  18. Seismic Interpretation of the Nam Con Son Basin and its Implication for the Tectonic Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Quang Tuan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI:10.17014/ijog.3.2.127-137The Nam Con Son Basin covering an area of circa 110,000 km2 is characterized by complex tectonic settings of the basin which has not fully been understood. Multiple faults allowed favourable migration passageways for hydrocarbons to go in and out of traps. Despite a large amount of newly acquired seismic and well data there is no significant update on the tectonic evolution and history of the basin development. In this study, the vast amount of seismic and well data were integrated and reinterpreted to define the key structural events in the Nam Con Son Basin. The results show that the basin has undergone two extentional phases. The first N - S extensional phase terminated at around 30 M.a. forming E - W trending grabens which are complicated by multiple half grabens filled by Lower Oligocene sediments. These grabens were reactivated during the second NW - SE extension (Middle Miocene, that resulted from the progressive propagation of NE-SW listric fault from the middle part of the grabens to the margins, and the large scale building up of roll-over structure. Further to the SW, the faults of the second extentional phase turn to NNE-SSW and ultimately N - S in the SW edge of the basin. Most of the fault systems were inactive by Upper Miocene except for the N - S fault system which is still active until recent time.

  19. Thermodynamic and structural models compared with the initial dissolution rates of SON glass samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tovena, I.; Advocat, T.; Ghaleb, D.; Vernaz, E.

    1993-01-01

    The experimentally determined initial dissolution rate R 0 of nuclear glass was correlated with thermodynamic parameters and structural parameters. The initial corrosion rates of six ''R7T7'' glass samples measured at 100 deg C in a Soxhlet device were correlated with the glass free hydration energy and the glass formation enthalpy. These correlations were then tested with a group of 26 SON glasses selected for their wide diversity of compositions. The thermodynamic models provided a satisfactory approximation of the initial dissolution rate determined under Soxhlet conditions for SON glass samples that include up to 15 wt% of boron and some alumina. Conversely, these models are inaccurate if the boron concentration exceeds 15 wt% and the glass contains no alumina. Possible correlations between R 0 and structural parameters, such as the boron coordination number and the number of nonbridging oxygen atoms, were also investigated. The authors show that R 0 varies inversely with the number of 4-coordinate boron atoms; conversely, the results do not substantiate published reports of a correlation between R 0 and the number of nonbridging oxygen atoms. (authors). 13 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs

  20. The Quest for the Whole in D. H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesar Uddin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available David Herbert Lawrence portrays a complex husband-wife, mother-son, and man-woman relationship in his novel Sons and Lovers. This article studied the relational motifs of the major character Paul Morel with other characters and the dire upshot resulting from this relation. The study found that Paul strove for happiness through the concerted entertainment of body and soul with his beloved people, but he failed because his mother’s unusual attachment to him negatively impacted on his building up a normal relation with others. Mother’s failure to find happiness in her conjugal life led her to pouring her love into Paul, exploiting him, making him sub-serve her own need and denying him the right to his own independent life. As a result, the son’s relation with other women proved a disastrous failure. The women with whom Paul had relation underwent part of the sufferings somehow or other. Finally, Mother’s death made him hopeless and left his life in nothingness.

  1. Linking objects in the process of mourning for sons disappeared in war: Croatia 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurcević, Slavica; Urlić, Ivan

    2002-04-01

    Mothers use linking object to externalize the complex aspects of their relationship to the loss of their child. We analyzed the linking objects that mothers kept in memory of their sons who disappeared in the 1991-1995 war in Croatia or whose remains were uncovered and identified long time after they had gone missing. The case study of disturbed mourning included 26 mothers of Croatian soldiers from Croatian Osijek-Baranja County who went missing in war or whose remains were recovered and identified long after they had gone missing. The mothers were selected independently by the president of the Association of Families of Missing and Detained Croatian Soldiers and agreed to participate in the study in 2001. They were interviewed in their homes, their testimonies were recorded, and photographs of the linking objects taken. Linking objects were classified according to the Volkan's four-group classification. Out of four Volkan's groups of linking objects, we identified the objects belonging to the first three. Those were 1) objects that had been worn by the deceased (clothes, wrist-watch, ring, or glasses), (6/26); 2) objects that could be viewed in the psychoanalytic sense as an extension of the body of the disappeared or dead person, such as a camera (4/26); and 3) objects with realistic or symbolic resemblance to the deceased, usually a photograph (8/26). None of the examined objects belonged to the fourth Volkan's group (objects at hand when the news of the death came or objects present at the funeral, things that could be considered last-minute objects, ie, related to the moment when the deceased was last seen alive). However, 8/26 objects formed a new hitherto undescribed group. Mothers used such objects to create a memorial shrine to their sons. A photograph of the missing person or person whose remains were identified long after he had gone missing occupied a central place at the shrine, and was surrounded by other symbols of the Catholic iconography (Virgin

  2. The Impact of Birth Order on Intergenerational Transmission of Attitudes from Parents to Adolescent Sons: The Israeli Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulik, Liat

    2004-01-01

    This study deals with birth order and its impact on intergenerational transmission of parental attitudes to adolescent sons in Israeli society. The sample included 294 participants (including 98 mothers, 98 fathers, and 98 sons). The attitudes chosen were key issues of concern in Israeli society: gender role attitudes, ethnic stereotypes, and…

  3. From Here to There and Back Again: The Story of a Mother, Her Son, Disability, and School Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Glenys

    2016-01-01

    Nelly and her children live in Queensland, Australia. When it came time for her second youngest son to start school, Nelly was not prepared for the difficulty that she had enrolling him at the school of her choice. In spite of her son's disability, Nelly thought that it was natural that he would go to his local school with his sister. It is not…

  4. HIGHER PARENTAL PERCEPTIONS OF WEALTH ASSOCIATED WITH THE BIRTH OF MORE SONS IN AN AUSTRALIAN POPULATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behie, A M; O'Donnell, M H

    2017-09-20

    Many industrialized nations are currently experiencing a decline in average secondary sex ratio (SSR) resulting in fewer boys being born relative to girls. While many potential factors may explain the decline in the birth of males relative to females, it seems most studies support the idea that male offspring are produced less often when environmental conditions are poor owing to males being more susceptible to loss in harsh environments. This study investigates the maternal factors that are associated with the sex of offspring in a cohort of the Australian population. It found that greater parental perceptions of wealth were significantly associated with an increase in the number of sons produced. These results suggest that male offspring are born at increased numbers to women with higher available resources, which may reflect the fact that male offspring are more vulnerable in poor environments.

  5. Binding of the Ras activator son of sevenless to insulin receptor substrate-1 signaling complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltensperger, K; Kozma, L M; Cherniack, A D; Klarlund, J K; Chawla, A; Banerjee, U; Czech, M P

    1993-06-25

    Signal transmission by insulin involves tyrosine phosphorylation of a major insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1) and exchange of Ras-bound guanosine diphosphate for guanosine triphosphate. Proteins containing Src homology 2 and 3 (SH2 and SH3) domains, such as the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2), bind tyrosine phosphate sites on IRS-1 through their SH2 regions. Such complexes in COS cells were found to contain the heterologously expressed putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor encoded by the Drosophila son of sevenless gene (dSos). Thus, GRB2, p85, or other proteins with SH2-SH3 adapter sequences may link Sos proteins to IRS-1 signaling complexes as part of the mechanism by which insulin activates Ras.

  6. CUENTOS QUE NO SON CUENTOS...UN RECORRIDO POR SAN ZENÓN (MAGDALENA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Ximena Salcedo Goméz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Es de tarde y el sol inclemente de febrero se refleja sobre Las cálidas aguas del río Magdalena; sus visos en naranja y rojo se inmortalizan en el tapiz del cielo, mientras en tierra, esta gama de luz iridescente se forja en la piel de los hombres y mujeres de San Zenón. Los árboles desnudos han sido bañados por el frío invierno. Las ciénagas y el río han dejado sus marcas a través del marrón 330 de sus cortezas. Las pocas hojas que quedan son solo un breve recuerdo de un amanecer con sombra. El asfalto y la pasividad del viento, quienes amenazan la lucidez.

  7. Bad Mothers and Monstrous Sons: Autistic Adults, Lifelong Dependency, and Sensationalized Narratives of Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Holly

    2017-03-01

    Sensationalized representations of autistic families in film and other media frequently feature violent encounters between mothers and sons. This essay analyzes two media stories and three films that suggest how limited-and therefore misleading-popular representations of the autism family are. Except for one of the films, these representations blame the problem of adult autistic dependency on either monstrous autism or bad mothering. Doing so elides collective social responsibility for autism care and denies the reality that autistic adults continue to have complex dependency needs that families cannot always meet. Narratives that sensationalize youth and adults with autism or scapegoat their maternal caregivers also diminish opportunities for social inclusion and for autistic people to live fully and dependently.

  8. The prodigal son: some psychological aspects of Augustine's conversion to Christianity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauta, Rein

    2008-03-01

    Augustine's conversion is considered exemplary for its Christian testimony. However, the psychological aspects are also relevant, for Augustine's conversion to Christianity was as much inspired by personal and cultural ambitions as by religious convictions. For Augustine, the conversion to the Christian faith spelled a life of asceticism--a life of celibacy, a virtuous and chaste existence, which also offered him a means of escape from the threatening ambiguity of parental relations and a chance to realize the cultural ideal of the civilized philosopher who has subjugated the passions of the flesh. In this paper we explore the psychological dynamics of the absent father, the suffering mother and the prodigal son and the role they played in Augustine's conversion to Christianity.

  9. Evolution of the uranium local environment during alteration of SON68 glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jollivet, Patrick; Auwer, Christophe Den; Simoni, Eric

    2002-01-01

    The speciation of uranium in SON68 glass specimens doped with 0.75-3.5 wt% uranium and in the gels formed by alteration of the specimens was investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In the glasses, uranium is present at oxidation state VI and coordination number 6 with the same average distances than those found in a UO 3 type environment. The U-O distances and uranium coordination numbers are identical throughout the uranium concentration range. During glass alteration the uranium remains at oxidation state VI in the gels, but was found in the uranyl form. An increase in the equatorial distances (from 2.20 and 2.32 A in the glass to respectively 2.22 and 2.39 A in the gel) and coordination numbers (to about 7 and 8, respectively) was observed

  10. Using BiSON to detect solar internal g-modes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuszlewicz J.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The unambiguous detection of individual solar internal g modes continues to elude us. With the aid of new additions to calibration procedures, as well as updated methods to combine multi-site time series more effectively, the noise and signal detection threshold levels in the low-frequency domain (where the g modes are expected to be found have been greatly improved. In the BiSON 23-year dataset these levels now rival those of GOLF, and with much greater frequency resolution available, due to the long time series, there is an opportunity to place more constraints on the upper limits of individual g mode amplitudes. Here we detail recent work dedicated to the challenges of observing low-frequency oscillations using a ground-based network, including the role of the window function as well as the effect of calibration on the low frequency domain.

  11. Like father, like son: periventricular nodular heterotopia and nonverbal learning disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Marcia V; Pongonis, Stephen J; Golomb, Meredith R; Edwards-Brown, Mary; Christensen, Celanie K; Sokol, Deborah K

    2008-08-01

    Periventricular nodular heterotopia is a common malformation of cortical development in which the migration of developing neurons destined for the cerebral cortex is abbreviated. Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia is most commonly an X-linked disorder that involves mutations in the filamin A (FLNA) gene, but an autosomal recessive form and sporadic forms have been identified. To our knowledge, autosomal dominant transmission of isolated periventricular nodular heterotopia has not been reported. Periventricular nodular heterotopia has a heterogeneous phenotype, associated commonly with seizure disorder, and more recently with reading deficits and visual-spatial deficits in some patients. We present a father and son with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia and similar visual-spatial learning deficits, consistent with nonverbal learning disability.

  12. J. M. W. Turner's painting "The unpaid bill, or the dentist reproving his son's prodigality".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, M; Gelbier, S; King, J

    2004-12-25

    In November 2002, the BDA News carried an item, illustrated with a colour reproduction, describing a painting of a Georgian dentist's rooms by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), one of the most respected of English artists, which was shortly to come up for auction at Christies' Rooms in London. This work, first exhibited in 1808, was entitled "The unpaid bill, or the dentist reproving his son's prodigality", and had originally been commissioned by the connoisseur Richard Payne Knight (1750-1824). "The examiner", a contemporary London journal, identifies the 'cradle-piece' for the commission as being a Rembrandt which Payne Knight owned, and the journalist Robert Hunt said that Turner had more than come up to the task of showing that a modern could handle light as well as the old master, 'for a picture of colouring and effect, it is ... inestimable'.

  13. The death of a young son in violent circumstance: understanding the experience of the mother.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alarcão, Ana Carolina Jacinto; Carvalho, Maria Dalva de Barros; Pelloso, Sandra Marisa

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed at understanding the life of a mother who lost their child in violent circumstances. The methodological proceedings were supported on phenomenology. The study population was constituted by five mothers who had lost its young children for homicide. These homicides occurred different times ranging from 50 days to 10 years. I used as instrument of collection of data open interview the phenomenological method guided by a orienting question. The analysis phenomenology in their discourses showed the comprehension of essential meanings which were systematized in categories: the child's mummification in the memory; the two ways followed by the publicity concerning the death; fondness to spirituality to endure the pain from the child's death; maternal complicity and impunity. The results of this study can contribute to elaboration of intervention proposals close to the mothers in the sense of helping them in the reorganization of their lives after son's death.

  14. ABRAM ET LA MAISON DE SON PÈRE (GN 11,26-32)

    OpenAIRE

    Misenga Dituanya, Marie-Anne; Abram et la maison de son père (Gn 11,26-32)

    2015-01-01

    L’élection et l’alliance sont des concepts fondamentaux dans l’Ancien Testament. Cette initiative divine commence avec Abraham par qui Dieu promet de bénir tous les clans de la terre (Gn 12,1-4; 15; 17). Cependant, on néglige souvent le point de départ d’Abraham qui n’est pas l’appel de Dieu, mais la situation de la famille de son père que Dieu demande à Abraham de quitter (Gn 11,26-32). Il est donc important d’étudier cette partie de plus près pour voir s’il est possible de préciser ce qu’es...

  15. Like father, Like Son? Collective decisions taking into account family relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariádne Scalfoni Rigo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This teaching case aims to promote reflection on other possible economic actions and alternative management models based on proximity relations. It presents a real situation in a community in the interior of Bahia, experienced by a Community Development Bank, which is an innovative experience on solidarity financing in Brazil and worldwide, related to a credit request by a certain Mr. Francisco. In order to protect his son, Pedro, Francisco created a dilemma that Ms. Marta, the credit agent of the Community Development Bank, sought to solve within the Credit Analysis Committee, a collective decision-making structure based on neighborhood relations.  The decision was not easy and involved many variables. This case allows to discuss the influence of community relations on solidarity finances, in collective management structures, and in the dynamics of Community Development Banks.

  16. [Suh Yang Park, who became a doctor as a son of a butcher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyoung Woo; Hong, Jung Wan

    2006-12-01

    Dr. Suh Yang Park was born in 1885 as a son of a butcher, which was the lowest class at that time in Korea. However, contact with western missionaries, including Dr. 0. R. Avison, provided him with an understanding of western civilization. After entering Chejungwon Medical School in 1900, Dr. Park learned basic sciences, basic medical sciences like anatomy and physiology, and other Western medical specialties such as internal medicine and surgery. He graduated from medical school in 1908 and received Government Certificate from Home Office, the first in Korea in this field, which granted the right to practice medicine. His certificate number was 4th overall. As both a doctor and a talented musician, Dr. Park actively participated in the social enlightenment movement. He was quite progressive in his time, having surpassed the social limitations as a son of a butcher, as well as actively propagating his knowledge of Western civilization onto others. After graduation, he had served as a professor at the school he graduated from, until he went into exile in Manchuria in 1917 due to the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910. There, he opened a hospital and provided medical treatment for Koreans. He also established a school for young Koreans, inspiring them with a sense of nationalism. Also, Dr. Park was an active member of various Independence Movement Organizations in Manchuria. Then in 1932, at the time when Japan took control of Manchuria, his school was closed down. As a result, Dr. Park couldn't help but stop his anti-Japanese activities. In 1936, he returned to his homeland and passed away in 1940, just five years before the liberation of Korea from Japanese occupation.

  17. Bidirectional Associations Between Externalizing Behavior Problems and Maladaptive Parenting Within Parent-Son Dyads Across Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besemer, Sytske; Loeber, Rolf; Hinshaw, Stephen P; Pardini, Dustin A

    2016-10-01

    Coercive parent-child interaction models posit that an escalating cycle of negative, bidirectional interchanges influences the development of boys' externalizing problems and caregivers' maladaptive parenting over time. However, longitudinal studies examining this hypothesis have been unable to rule out the possibility that between-individual factors account for bidirectional associations between child externalizing problems and maladaptive parenting. Using a longitudinal sample of boys (N = 503) repeatedly assessed eight times across 6-month intervals in childhood (in a range between 6 and 13 years), the current study is the first to use novel within-individual change (fixed effects) models to examine whether parents tend to increase their use of maladaptive parenting strategies following an increase in their son's externalizing problems, or vice versa. These bidirectional associations were examined using multiple facets of externalizing problems (i.e., interpersonal callousness, conduct and oppositional defiant problems, hyperactivity/impulsivity) and parenting behaviors (i.e., physical punishment, involvement, parent-child communication). Analyses failed to support the notion that when boys increase their typical level of problem behaviors, their parents show an increase in their typical level of maladaptive parenting across the subsequent 6 month period, and vice versa. Instead, across 6-month intervals, within parent-son dyads, changes in maladaptive parenting and child externalizing problems waxed and waned in concert. Fixed effects models to address the topic of bidirectional relations between parent and child behavior are severely underrepresented. We recommend that other researchers who have found significant bidirectional parent-child associations using rank-order change models reexamine their data to determine whether these findings hold when examining changes within parent-child dyads.

  18. Suh Yang Park, who Became a Doctor as a Son of a Butcher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PARK Hyoung Woo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Suh Yang Park was born in 1885 as a son of a butcher, which was the lowest class at that time in Korea. However, contact with western missionaries, including Dr. O. R. Avison, provided him with an understanding of western civilization. After entering Chejungwon Medical School in 1900, Dr. Park learned basic sciences, basic medical sciences like anatomy and physiology, and other Western medical specialties such as internal medicine and surgery. He graduated from medical school in 1908 and received Government Certificate from Home Office, the first in Korea in this field, which granted the right to practice medicine. His certificate number was 4th overall. As both a doctor and a talented musician, Dr. Park actively participated in the social enlightenment movement. He was quite progressive in his time, having surpassed the social limitations as a son of a butcher, as well as actively propagating his knowledge of Western civilization onto others. After graduation, he had served as a professor at the school he graduated from, until he went into exile in Manchuria in 1917 due to the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910. There, he opened a hospital and provided medical treatment for Koreans. He also established a school for young Koreans, inspiring them with a sense of nationalism. Also, Dr. Park was an active member of various Independence Movement Organizations in Manchuria. Then in 1932, at the time when Japan took control of Manchuria, his school was closed down. As a result, Dr. Park couldn't help but stop his anti-Japanese activities. In 1936, he returned to his homeland and passed away in 1940, just five years before the liberation of Korea from Japanese occupation.

  19. Avis d'appel de propositions

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kristy May

    se situent aux confins de la neuroscience, notamment, sans toutefois s'y limiter : • les mécanismes cellulaires et moléculaires de base qui sous-tendent le processus cognitif;. • les bases neurophysiologiques de la cognition;. • la modélisation mathématique et informatique des fonctions cérébrales;. • l'imagerie cellulaire et ...

  20. AVIS AUX PASSIONNES... - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Les anémones du CERN seront bientôt orphelines. Nous recherchons une personne volontaire pour s'occuper de l'aquarium situé au bâtiment principal, pour une durée d'une année. Si vous êtes intéressé, ou si vous voulez plus d'information, téléphonez au 73830 (les anémones vivant dans l'aquarium vous remercient beaucoup d'avance).

  1. Bronnen van molybdeen in AVI-reststoffen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brandes LJ; Wesselink LG; Meijer PJ; LAE

    1998-01-01

    The re-usability of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator residues (MSWI residues) for building material is limited, because the leaching of some substances, including molybdenum, does not meet environmental standards. Since the quality of MSWI residues may be improved by reducing the molybdenum load

  2. Le grammaire du Français et son historiographie: appréhensions, à deux siècles de distance d'in objet de débats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Swiggers

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, consacré àl 'historiographie de la grammaire française, on abordera d'abord le problème de la définition du champ de l'histoire (ou de l'historiographie de la grammaire française (et de la linguistique française. La deuxième partie du texte sera consacrée à un problème central de l 'epistémologie historique de la grammaire française: celui de la "récurrence du fait historique ", problème que je voudrais analyser à travers un cas concret, celui de l 'accueil fait à la grammaire de l 'Académie. L'historiographie de la grammaire/de la linguistique: la question de l'objet Ona tentéde concevoir et, parfois, de définir (ou d'expliciter l'historiographie de la grammaire/linguistique cornme étant dans un rapport d'iconicité partielle avec un objet appelé "l'histoire de la linguistique". Une telle attitude permet d'éluder la difficulté de devoir définir l'objet ou le domaine de cette discipline. Que cet objet ne soit guère donné d'avance, cela ressort déjà de l'histoire mȇme de l'historiographie de la linguistique: il suffira de comparer à ce propos des travaux cornme ceux de Thomsen (1902 et de Pedersen (1916, 1924 à ceux de Robins (19792 ou de Mounin (1967. En fait, cela ne doit guère nous étonner: cornme l'historiographie de la linguistique est une représentation de connaissances à propos de l 'histoire, il est inéluctable que la notion de son objet varie, du moins dans son extension, dans la mesure où les connaissances à propos de l 'histoire de la linguistique se sont élargies, enrichies ou modifiées.

  3. Detection de la fin de la compaction des anodes par le son

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanogo, Bazoumana

    L'objectif de ce projet etait de developper un outil de controle en temps reel du temps de compaction en se servant du son genere par le vibrocompacteur pendant le formage des anodes crues. Ainsi, une application a ete developpee pour l'analyse des sons enregistres. Des essais ont ete realises avec differents microphones pour une meilleure qualite des mesures et un a ete choisi pour la suite du projet. De meme, differents tests ont ete realises sur des anodes de laboratoire ainsi que des anodes a l'echelle industrielle afin de mettre en place une methode pour la detection du temps optimal necessaire au formage des anodes. Les travaux au laboratoire de carbone a l'Universite du Quebec a Chicoutimi (UQAC) ont consiste a l'enregistrement de son des anodes fabriquees sur place avec differentes configurations; et a la caracterisation de certaines anodes de l'usine. Les anodes fabriquees au laboratoire sont reparties en deux groupes. Le premier regroupe les anodes pour la validation de notre methode. Ce sont des anodes produites avec des temps de compaction differents. Le laboratoire de carbone a l'UQAC est unique et il est possible de produire des anodes avec les memes proprietes que celles des anodes industrielles. Par consequent, la validation initialement prevue a l'usine a ete effectuee avec les anodes de laboratoire. Le deuxieme groupe a servi a etudier les effets des matieres premieres sur le temps de compaction. Le type de coke et le type de brai ont constitue les differentes variations dans ce deuxieme groupe. Quant aux tests et mesures a l'usine, ils ont ete realises en trois campagnes de mesure. La premiere campagne en juin 2014 a servi a standardiser et a trouver le meilleur positionnement des appareils pour les mesures, a regler le logiciel et a faire les premieres mesures. Une deuxieme campagne en mai 2015 a fait l'objet d'enregistrement de son en classant les anodes selon differents temps de compaction. La troisieme et derniere campagne en decembre 2015 a

  4. La Rivière Seudre: intégration des données relatives à la qualité des eaux dans un système d'information géographique

    OpenAIRE

    Giraud, Sophie

    1999-01-01

    Dans le cadre d'un stage de D.E.S.S. effectué à l'IFREMER La Tremblade, j'ai mis en forme un cenains nombre de données environnementales dans un S.I.G. Ces informations concernaient: l'agriculture, l'ostréiculture, la qualité de l'eau, les réseaux de suivi IFREMER, les stations d'épuration etc ... Pour recueillir ces informations, j'ai contacté les administrations décentralisées de l'Etat, et d'autres organismes. L'état des lieux du bassin versant de la Seudre et la structuration des informat...

  5. Utilisation des données d’insémination artificielle afin d’identifier l’impact d’un évènement abortif dans les élevages de bovins laitiers

    OpenAIRE

    Bronner , A.; Morignat, E.; Madouasse, Aurélien; Gasqui, Patrick; Gay, E.; Calavas, D.

    2015-01-01

    Le présent article a pour objectif de discuter de la faisabilité et de l’intérêt que représenterait le suivi d’un indicateur indirect de survenue des avortements élaboré à partir des données d’insémination artificielle, le taux d’avortements précoces, afin d’identifier l’impact d’un évènement abortif, de manière rétrospective ou prospective. Deux études sont présentées pour illustrer le propos, ayant eu pour objet d’estimer, par l’analyse des variations du taux d’avortements précoces, l’impac...

  6. L’eau, l’écrit et la société. Étude statistique sur les champs sémantiques dans les bases de données [CBMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Perreaux

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Intitulé « L’eau, l’écrit et la société. Étude statistique sur les champs sémantiques dans les bases de données [CBMA] » , notre mémoire de master partait d’un constat relativement simple : les chartes, ces documents conservés plutôt en grande abondance, contiennent un nombre extrêmement important de termes relatifs à la description et donc, par extension, à la perception du monde par les médiévaux. Or, il est clair que ces formules, plus ou moins stéréotypées, n’ont presque jamais été consid...

  7. Lifestyle in pregnancy and cryptorchidism in sons: a study within two large Danish birth cohorts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjersgaard C

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Camilla Kjersgaard,1 Linn Håkonsen Arendt,1,2 Andreas Ernst,1 Morten Søndergaard Lindhard,2 Jørn Olsen,1,3 Tine Brink Henriksen,2 Katrine Strandberg-Larsen,4 Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen1 1Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, 2Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, 4Department of Public Health, Section of Social Medicine, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark Purpose: Cryptorchidism is the most frequent congenital malformation in boys and is associated with low sperm count, infertility and testicular cancer. Unhealthy maternal lifestyle during pregnancy such as smoking, high prepregnancy body mass index (BMI as well as alcohol and caffeine intake may constitute possible risk factors for cryptorchidism, but results from the few previous studies are conflicting. We aimed to explore the association between maternal lifestyle factors and occurrence of cryptorchidism in sons.Patients and methods: The Danish National Birth Cohort and the Aarhus Birth Cohort provided information on maternal lifestyle from early pregnancy. Data were linked to several Danish health registers, multiple imputation was used to handle missing data and Cox proportional hazards models were used to adjust for potential confounders.Results: In total, 85,923 boys were included, and of them, 2.2% were diagnosed with cryptorchidism. We observed the strongest associations between maternal tobacco smoking and prepregnancy BMI and cryptorchidism. Sons of women who smoked 10–14 cigarettes/day had the highest hazard ratio (HR for cryptorchidism (1.37; 95% CI: 1.06–1.76, and for maternal BMI ≥30 kg/m2, the HR was 1.32 (95% CI: 1.06–1.65. Binge drinking was associated with an HR <1, if the women had one or two episodes in pregnancy (HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67–0.98. Average maternal alcohol intake

  8. Poesía y filosofía son de palabra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The imaginary and sinister concentration-camp chief Otto Friedrich Zur Linde was conceived by Jorge-Luis Borges as an example of misunderstanding philosophy and life, by seeing in them only the power of fight. This conception is compared with a dynamic understanding of philosophy. For Mr. Zur Linde Aristotle and Plato represent this confrontation, and each philosophical debate in history could be considered as a moment in it. But now, in the last fight, the will to power of man has gone beyond all the limits, even of morality. However some modern techniques of appropriation of ancient philosophy are completely opposed to this conception, namely Paul Ricoeur’s theory of fiction and Heidegger’s Sein und Schein,. Ultimately, the close relationship between poetry and philosophy since its origins speak against this thesis. A closer analysis of Nietzsche and Hölderlin will help to enlighten how wrong Zur Linde´s conception is..El siniestro jefe de un campo de concentración Otto Friedrich Zur Linde, concebido por Borges como ejemplo de una interpretación de la filosofía y la vida en la que la lucha es el único motor, es confrontado con una concepción de la filosofía dinámica. Zur Linde mantiene que Aristóteles y Platón son el enfrentamiento filosófico paradigmático. En el último momento del enfrentamiento la voluntad de poder de un nuevo superhombre ha rebasado todos los límites, incluso el de la conciencia. A esto se oponen las técnicas de apropiación filosófica del mundo griego por parte de la modernidad, a saber: el poder de la ficción, el Schein y el Sein así como el nacimiento de la filosofía, tan cercano a la poesía. Bajo este prisma cabe un análisis de Nietzsche y Hölderlin, que reniega de la interpretación de Zur Linde y clarifica que ante todo poetas y filósofos son seres de palabra.

  9. Exemple de données statistiques à la disposition de l'exploration pétrolière : le fichier STATSID Example of Statistical Data Available for Petroleum Exploration : the Statsid File

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coustau H.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le fichier STATSID est une banque de données qui recense pays par pays, année par année, les principaux résultats pétroliers : évolution des permis, effort d'exploration (géophysique et forages, réserves et productions. De ces données de base, on peut tirer des statistiques telles que le taux de succès, le rendement de l'exploration, les caractéristiques géopétrolières (richesse en hydrocarbures, type d'habitat, paramètres de réservoir-gisement, ainsi que des références statistiques, véritables aides à la décision, telles que l'effort d'exploration nécessaire pour parvenir à une première découverte. Sont aussi présentés les principaux programmes de traitement, à partir desquels ces informations peuvent être extraites du fichier. The STATSID File is a data bank containing a country-by-country, year-by-yearcensus of the leading petroleum statistics, i.e. how search permts evolve, exploration efforts igeophysics and drilling, reserves and productions. These basic data can be used to compile statistics such as the rate of success, the yield of exploration efforts, geopetroleum properties (richness in hydrocarbons,type of habitat, reservoir-field parameters, as well as statistical references which are of great help in decision making, such as the exploration effort required for making an initial discovery. This article also describes the main processing programs bywhich these data can be retrieved from the file.

  10. Self-Organizing Networks (SON) Self-Planning, Self-Optimization and Self-Healing for GSM, UMTS and LTE

    CERN Document Server

    Ramiro, Juan

    2011-01-01

    With the current explosion in network traffic, and mounting pressure on operators' business case, Self-Organizing Networks (SON) play a crucial role. They are conceived to minimize human intervention in engineering processes and at the same time improve system performance to maximize Return-on-Investment (ROI) and secure customer loyalty. Written by leading experts in the planning and optimization of Multi-Technology and Multi-Vendor wireless networks, this book describes the architecture of Multi-Technology SON for GSM, UMTS and LTE, along with the enabling technologies for SON planning, opti

  11. Violencia cometida por los adolescentes en la familia o cuando son los hijos los que maltratan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Morales Ortega

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio de tipo cualitativo, de corte deductivo, se propuso realizar un acercamiento al fenómeno de la violencia ejercida por los jóvenes menores de 18 años en el ámbito familiar, para establecer su ocurrencia en la ciudad de Barranquilla, Colombia, describir las características de los jóvenes implicados, la dinámica familiar y algunos aspectos del entorno social que podrían estar facilitando la ocurrencia de la misma. El estudio fue realizado en el Centro de Reeducación del Adolescente Infractor "Oasis", de esta ciudad; se examinaron expedientes de jóvenes judicializados por los delitos de violencia intrafamiliar, hurto, lesiones personales y daño en bien ajeno, donde la víctima había sido un familiar; igualmente, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con profundidad a madres de jóvenes que al momento de la investigación se hallaban internos en el centro por violencia en la familia. Los resultados indican que son pocos los estudios criminológicos realizados sobre el tema; se trata de jóvenes con edades promedio de 14 a 17 años, provenientes de familias desintegradas, con carencias tanto materiales como afectivas, con dinámicas y estilos de crianza inadecuados; es frecuente en estos jóvenes el consumo de sustancias alucinógenas o alcohol.

  12. Optimal algorithm switching for the estimation of systole period from cardiac microacceleration signals (SonR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giorgis, L; Frogerais, P; Amblard, A; Donal, E; Mabo, P; Senhadji, L; Hernández, A I

    2012-11-01

    Previous studies have shown that cardiac microacceleration signals, recorded either cutaneously, or embedded into the tip of an endocardial pacing lead, provide meaningful information to characterize the cardiac mechanical function. This information may be useful to personalize and optimize the cardiac resynchronization therapy, delivered by a biventricular pacemaker, for patients suffering from chronic heart failure (HF). This paper focuses on the improvement of a previously proposed method for the estimation of the systole period from a signal acquired with a cardiac microaccelerometer (SonR sensor, Sorin CRM SAS, France). We propose an optimal algorithm switching approach, to dynamically select the best configuration of the estimation method, as a function of different control variables, such as the signal-to-noise ratio or heart rate. This method was evaluated on a database containing recordings from 31 patients suffering from chronic HF and implanted with a biventricular pacemaker, for which various cardiac pacing configurations were tested. Ultrasound measurements of the systole period were used as a reference and the improved method was compared with the original estimator. A reduction of 11% on the absolute estimation error was obtained for the systole period with the proposed algorithm switching approach.

  13. The Phenomenology of Trauma. Sound and Haptic Sensuality in Son of Saul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincze Teréz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The winner of many prestigious prizes (Oscar for the best foreign language film, Grand Prize of the Cannes Film Festival, and the Golden Globe among them, the Hungarian film, Son of Saul – according to most critics – represents the Holocaust trauma in a completely new and intriguing way. The filmmakers have invented a special form in order to tackle the heroic task of showing the unwatchable, representing the unthinkable. In this essay I analyse the representational strategy of the film from a phenomenological point of view, and position it in the theoretical framework of haptic sensuality formulated by Vivian Sobchack and Laura U. Marks, among others. I mainly focus on the use of sound, in particular the role of sound design in the creation of haptic space. With the help of the analysis of the representation and artistic invocation of the different bodily senses in the film, I demonstrate how traditional artistic formal elements (characteristic of highly artistic, even experimental productions are combined with high impact effects often present in popular film forms. I argue that the successful combination of these two factors makes the film an example of artistic immersive cinema.1

  14. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Truong Son

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Bat communities of mainland Southeast Asia can be highly diverse. Many are under threat. Despite this, regional faunal composition is not well documented for many areas, including regions of Vietnam.  We assessed the biodiversity of bats in a watershed protection forest in the southeastern Truong Son (Annamite Mountains, southwestern Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam in 2011–2013.  Twenty species of insectivorous bats were documented including a high diversity of Murina species Tube-nosed Bats.  Diversity and abundance indices were compared with that recorded previously in two nature reserves and one national park in Vietnam, and were higher or comparable in several measures despite the lack of a karst substrate for roosts.  Reproduction in the insectivorous bat fauna coincided with the early rainy season.  In the late dry season, pregnant females of several species were observed but volant juveniles were not present, whereas in the early wet season adult females were lactating or post-lactating and volant juveniles of nine species were detected.  We recorded echolocation calls of 14 bat species; for each species, we compared features of calls with those reported previously in other Asian localities.  For some species we found discrepancies in call metrics among studies, perhaps suggesting a greater hidden biodiversity of bats in Southeast Asia.

  15. Superselection sectors of SO(N) Wess-Zumino-Witten models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boeckenhauer, J.

    1996-06-01

    The superselection structure of so(N) WZW models is investigated form the point of view of algebraic quantum field theory. At level 1 it turns out that the observable algebras of the WZW theory can be constructed in terms of even CAR algebras. This fact allows to give a formulation of these models close to the DHR framework. Localized endomorphisms are constructed explicitly in terms of Bogoliubov transformations, and the WZW fusion rules are proven using the DHR sector product. At level 2 it is shown that most of the sectors are realized in H NS =H NS x H NS where H NS is the Neveu-Schwarz sector of the level 1 theory. The level 2 charcters are derived and H NS is decomposed completely into tensor products of the sectors of the WZW chiral algebra and irreducible representation spaces of the coset Virasoro algebra. Crucial for this analysis is the DHR decomposition of H NS into sectors of a gauge invariant fermion algebra since the WZW chiral algebra as well as the coset Virasoro algebra are invariant under the gauge group O(2). (orig.)

  16. Study of the Treatment of the Liquid Radioactive Waste Nong Son Uranium Ore Processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Ba Tien; Trinh Giang Huong; Luu Cao Nguyen; Harvey, L.K.; Tran Van Quy

    2011-01-01

    Liquid waste from Nong Son uranium ore processing is treated with concentrated acid, agglomerated, leached, run through ion exchange and then treated with H 2 O 2 to precipitate yellowcake. The liquid radioactive waste has a pH of 1.86 and a high content of radioactive elements, such as: [U] 143.898 ppm and [Th] = 7.967 ppm. In addition, this waste contains many polluted chemical elements with high content, such as arsenic, mercury, aluminum, iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese and nickel. The application of the general method as one stage precipitation or precipitation in coordination with BaCl 2 is not effective. These methods generated a large amount of sludge with poor settling characteristics. The volume of final treated waste was large. This paper introduces the investigation of the treatment of this liquid radioactive waste by the method of two stage of precipitation in association with polyaluminicloride (PAC) and polymer. The impact of factors: pH, neutralizing agents, quantity of PAC and polymer to effect precipitation and improve the settling characteristics during processing was studied. The results showed that the processing of liquid radioactive waste treatment through two stages: first stage at pH = 3 and the second stage at pH = 8.0 with limited PAC and polymer (A 101) resulted in significant reduced volume of the treated waste. The discharged liquid satisfied the requirement of the National Technical Regulation on Industrial Waste Water (QCVN 24:2009). (author)

  17. ¿Qué son los modelos físicos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Rolleri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo analizamos los principales conceptos propuestos de modelo con el propósito de resaltar el carácter idealizado y abstracto de los modelos físicos, que generalmente es pasado por alto en la literatura filosófica relevante desde diversas posiciones, como el instrumentalismo y el pragmatismo; el cual, sin embargo tiene importantes implicaciones en problemas filosóficos como el del realismo científico. Desde una posición conceptualista, sostenemos que los modelos desidealizados son los vehículos para conceptualizar los sistemas físicos desde la perspectiva de una teoría. In this paper we analyze the main intended concepts of model in order to underline the idealized and abstract character of physical models, that generally is overpass in the relevant philosophical literature from diverse positions on the scientific knowledge, such as instrumentalism and pragmatism, which however has important implications on philosophical problems such as that of scientific realism. From a conceptualistic position we hold that the de-idealized models are the vehicles to conceptualized physical systems from the perspective of a theory

  18. Complicity to Hegemonic Masculinity in D.H. Lawrence’s Sons and Lovers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelina Subrayan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Men have long been associated with dominance, strength and confidence and the issue regarding being compliant to the acceptable masculine ideal has always been part of a culture’s social identity. This study focuses on the critical discussion on masculinity studies in the classic fiction of D.H Lawrence.  Drawing on narrative data from his novel Sons and Lovers (1913, the study examines how hegemonic masculinity is conformed by the male protagonist, Walter Morel, in his gendered relationship. More specifically, the analysis focuses on how the male character aligns himself with the hegemonically authoritarian philosophy of ‘tough’ masculinity. The effects of social practices and socio-historical context in which Lawrence wrote these novels are also examined. The study utilises Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity to explicate Lawrence’s depiction of dominant masculinity through his character. The findings reveal that Lawrence aligns his male protagonist to the dominant role by sanctioning aggressiveness, autonomy and violence. Keywords: Hegemonic Masculinity, Dominant Masculinity, Patriarchy, Gender, Power

  19. Father and son attachment styles in alcoholic and non-alcoholic families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mythili Hazarika

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The theory of attachment is important to understand a lot of human behaviour. Styles of attachment could be important predictors in developing dependence on alcoholism. Insecure attachment patterns could be significant risk factors for future alcohol use. Methods: Participants for this study consist of fathers with alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS from treatment centres and fathers from the community with no dependency on alcohol, and their sons (n=200. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST, socioeconomic status scale were administered, and attachment styles were derived by the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ. We hypothesised a prior concept reflecting theoretical predictions for the association between attachment styles and alcohol in both the generations. Results: Statistics on SPSS-16 was used to test our hypotheses. As predicted, fathers with ADS had insecure attachments styles in comparison to the control group. Substance abuse/dependence and treatment participation were at an all-time low for the secure group. Conclusion: The findings from this study identify attachment styles as an influential factor in understanding the divergence between alcohol dependence in treatment seekers. The findings further imply that differential treatment may need to be provided taking into account one’s attachment representation to promote successful recovery. It also highlights the need to develop secure ties in children of alcoholic parents to protect them from use of substances as a coping and a learned mechanism. Limitations of the study and suggestions for further research are highlighted and implications for diagnosis and treatment are discussed.

  20. Fluidez lectora en niños: cuáles son las habilidades subyacentes

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    Julieta-Carolina Fumagalli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available del aprendizaje de la lectura y la comprensión de textos. En español son escasas las herramientas para evaluar este constructo que involucra aspectos relativos a la precisión lectora, la expresividad, la velocidad y la comprensión. A fin de obtener información para el futuro diseño de una batería que evalúe la fluidez a partir de textos en español, este trabajo se propone establecer las habilidades subyacentes a la fluidez. Para tal fin, se evaluó a un total de 172 niños de 3º, 5º y 7º curso de Educación Primaria sin dificultades para el aprendizaje de la lectura. Los participantes respondieron cinco tareas: fluidez verbal fonológica (FVF, conciencia fonoló- gica (CF, velocidad de denominación (RAN, lectura de palabras y no palabras (Lectura de PyNP y lectura en voz alta de un texto (LVA, a partir de la cual se extrajeron medidas de precisión lectora, velocidad y comprensión. Los resultados obtenidos brindan información sobre variables que inciden de manera directa (RAN y Lectura de PyNP e indirecta (CF y FVF sobre la fluidez lectora. Estos datos resultan relevantes para el futuro diseño de una batería que permita medir este constructo.

  1. Factors associated with parents' attitudes to the HPV vaccination of their adolescent sons : A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radisic, Gorjana; Chapman, Janine; Flight, Ingrid; Wilson, Carlene

    2017-02-01

    The objective of the study was to identify factors associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine acceptability in parents of adolescent boys. This information is critical to the development of approaches to optimise HPV vaccine uptake among this population group. We performed a systematic search of the literature in addressing factors influencing parental attitudes to and beliefs about HPV vaccine and its acceptability for use. The findings were organised within the framework of the Health Belief Model (HBM) and summarised using a semi quantitative method. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Parental decisions were predominantly shaped by the perceived benefits of the vaccine; perceived risk of sons contracting the HPV infection, and having recommendations from health care providers. Fear of side effects and uncertainty about vaccine effectiveness, as well as cost and lack of healthcare, were barriers to HPV vaccination. Other factors such as knowledge, family characteristics, parent-child dialogue and egalitarian values appeared to be important when deciding whether to vaccinate boys. HPV vaccine uptake among male adolescents is suboptimal. Future programs need to address the predictors of uptake by educating parents about the boys' high susceptibility to infection, the benefits of vaccination, and reduce concerns regarding perceived barriers. Additionally, uptake may be facilitated by encouraging health care provider endorsement, particularly in countries without government-funded immunisation programs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Familial cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome in a father and a son with a novel MEK2 mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaer, Kadri; Lissewski, Christina; Zenker, Martin

    2015-02-01

    Cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a rare genetic disorder belonging to the group of RASopathies. It is typically characterized by congenital heart defects, short stature, dysmorphic craniofacial features, intellectual disability, failure to thrive, and ectodermal abnormalities such as hyperkeratosis and sparse, brittle, curly hair. CFC syndrome is caused by dominant mutations in one of the four genes BRAF, MEK1, MEK2, and KRAS. Only three familial cases of CFC syndrome have been reported to date, whereas the vast majorities are sporadic cases due to de novo mutations. We report on a fourth familial case with transmission of CFC syndrome from father to son due to a novel heterozygous sequence change c.376A>G (p.N126D) in exon 3 of MEK2 gene. This observation further documents the possibility of vertical transmission of CFC syndrome, which appears to be associated with rare mutations and relatively mild intellectual disability in affected individual. The hypomorphic effect of specific mutations particularly regarding neurocognitive issues may be related to the variable fertility of affected individuals. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Evolution of the local environment of lanthanum during simplified SON68 glass leaching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jollivet, P.; Delaye, J.M.; Den Auwer, C.; Simoni, E.

    2007-01-01

    The evolution of the short- and medium-range local environment of lanthanum was determined by L-III-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) during leaching of simplified SON68-type glasses. In glass without phosphorus, lanthanum is found in a silicate environment, and its first coordination sphere comprises eight oxygen atoms at a mean distance of 2.51 angstrom. When this glass was leached at a high renewal rate, the lanthanum local environment was significantly modified: it was present at hydroxy-carbonate and silicate sites with a mean La-O distance of 2.56 angstrom, and the second neighbors consisted of La atoms instead of Si for the glass. Conversely, in the gel formed at low renewal rates, lanthanum was found in a silicate environment similar to that of the glass. In phosphorus-doped glass, lanthanum is found in a phosphate environment, although the Si/P atomic ratio is 20:1. Lanthanum is surrounded by seven oxygen atoms at a mean distance of 2.37 angstrom. When phosphorus-doped glass is leached, regardless of the leaching solution flow rate, the short- and medium-range lanthanum local environment remains almost constant; the most significant change is a 0.05 angstrom increase in the La-O distance. (authors)

  4. Heightened risk of preterm birth and growth restriction after a first-born son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruckner, Tim A; Mayo, Jonathan A; Gould, Jeffrey B; Stevenson, David K; Lewis, David B; Shaw, Gary M; Carmichael, Suzan L

    2015-10-01

    In Scandinavia, delivery of a first-born son elevates the risk of preterm delivery and intrauterine growth restriction of the next-born infant. External validity of these results remains unclear. We test this hypothesis for preterm delivery and growth restriction using the linked California birth cohort file. We examined the hypothesis separately by race and/or ethnicity. We retrieved data on 2,852,976 births to 1,426,488 mothers with at least two live births. Our within-mother tests applied Cox proportional hazards (preterm delivery, defined as less than 37 weeks gestation) and linear regression models (birth weight for gestational age percentiles). For non-Hispanic whites, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indian and/or Alaska Natives, analyses indicate heightened risk of preterm delivery and growth restriction after a first-born male. The race-specific hazard ratios for preterm delivery range from 1.07 to 1.18. Regression coefficients for birth weight for gestational age percentile range from -0.73 to -1.49. The 95% confidence intervals for all these estimates do not contain the null. By contrast, we could not reject the null for non-Hispanic black mothers. Whereas California findings generally support those from Scandinavia, the null results among non-Hispanic black mothers suggest that we do not detect adverse outcomes after a first-born male in all racial and/or ethnic groups. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Discussing Sensitive Issues through a Partnership Lens: A Conversation with My Teenaged Son

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kris Malone Grossman

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This article explores parenting and the construction of masculinity through the lens of Partnership. Framed by the author’s conversation with her teenaged son, the paper opens with a definition, exploration, and cultural contextualization of androcracy. Fundamental intersections between the disciplines of the Partnership Model and Women’s Spirituality are then introduced, locating story and storytelling, spirit, and relationship as cornerstones for shifting from the Domination Model to a Partnership Model. Interconnected theories and praxes of feminism, radical feminism, womanism, and the Womanist Idea, as well as the Jewish concept of tikkun olam, are defined and proposed as tools for educating children about the Domination/Control and interlocking systems of oppression we live in, and how to enact Partnership/Respect principles in our relationships. The paper proposes that through sharing and enacting a multiplicity of counter narratives that reflect the tenets of Partnership, parents and care givers not only actively model for children Partnership values, but they also equip children with an explicit understanding of the harmful systems we live in and the means to challenge and shift them. Highlighting a multiplicity of traditions that share the same core values of empathy, compassion, and care for all living beings, the paper concludes with a set of tools for employing foundational precepts of Partnership Parenting, from sharing story to embodying and promoting ways to care for self, community, and the world.  

  6. Meta-analysis suggests choosy females get sexy sons more than "good genes".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokop, Zofia M; Michalczyk, Łukasz; Drobniak, Szymon M; Herdegen, Magdalena; Radwan, Jacek

    2012-09-01

    Female preferences for specific male phenotypes have been documented across a wide range of animal taxa, including numerous species where males contribute only gametes to offspring production. Yet, selective pressures maintaining such preferences are among the major unknowns of evolutionary biology. Theoretical studies suggest that preferences can evolve if they confer genetic benefits in terms of increased attractiveness of sons ("Fisherian" models) or overall fitness of offspring ("good genes" models). These two types of models predict, respectively, that male attractiveness is heritable and genetically correlated with fitness. In this meta-analysis, we draw general conclusions from over two decades worth of empirical studies testing these predictions (90 studies on 55 species in total). We found evidence for heritability of male attractiveness. However, attractiveness showed no association with traits directly associated with fitness (life-history traits). Interestingly, it did show a positive correlation with physiological traits, which include immunocompetence and condition. In conclusion, our results support "Fisherian" models of preference evolution, while providing equivocal evidence for "good genes." We pinpoint research directions that should stimulate progress in our understanding of the evolution of female choice. © 2012 The Author(s). Evolution© 2012 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  7. Epidémiologie et contrôle des infections à Pseudodactylogyrus dans les élevages intensifs d'anguilles : données actuelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BUCHMANN K.

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans une première partie, l'auteur considère successivement divers aspects qui conditionnent l'épidémiologie des infections observées, chez l'Anguille européenne, par Pseudodactylogyrus anguillae et P. bini, en élevage intensif, en eau chaude. La température optimale pour la croissance des Anguilles est aussi celle qui correspond à une reproduction optimale de ces deux Monogènes. L'influence des conditions de recyclage de l'eau et de son traitement par le formol sur les réinfestations parasitaires sont discutées. Il existe une distribution différentielle des deux espèces congénériques sur les branchies, qui varie en fonction de la taille de l'hôte. Les relations entre la taille de l'hôte et la charge parasitaire sont discutées en fonction des conditions d'élevage et les conditions naturelles. Une relative résistance à la réinfestation parasitaire a été observée. Dans une seconde partie, une étude thérapeutique basée sur les effets antihelmintiques des 22 produits est présentée. Si le mebendazole s'est avéré le plus efficace, des phénomènes de résistance après traitements répétés sont évoqués.

  8. Detecção do vírus da bronquite infecciosa das galinhas e do metapneumovírus aviário utilizando uma reação de transcrição reversa com reação em cadeia pela polimerase duplex

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Maria Acevedo; Laura Yaneth B. Villarreal; Leonardo José Richtzenhain; Julia Noda; Paulo Eduardo Brandão

    2012-01-01

    Descreve-se um ensaio de duplex RT-PCR assay para a detecção simultânea do vírus da bronquite infecciosa das galinhas (IBV) e do metapneumovirus aviário (aMPV), agentes etiológicos de doenças de elevada importância em avicultura. A duplex RT-PCR otimizada mostrou um limiar de detecção de 10-3 (101 EID50/50m L para IBV e 100.5 EID50/50m L para aMPV, respectivamente, quando da combinação dos dois vírus e 10-1 para cada um dos vírus em separado(103 EID50/50m L para IBV e 102.5 EID50/50m L para a...

  9. Desenvolvimento de adenovírus recombinantes expres-sando as glicoproteínas F e G do metapneumovírus aviário (aMPV) e do vírus respiratório sincicial bo-vino(bRSV)

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana Helena Antoniassi da Silva

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Os membros da família Paramyxoviridae são vírus que causam infecções em humanos e animais de importância econômica global. Entre os membros desta família incluem patógenos de importância mundial para os humanos, como o vírus respiratório sincicial humano (hRSV), o metapneumovírus humano (hMPV) e vírus de importância em Medicina Veterinária, como o vírus respiratório sincicial bovino (bRSV) e o metapnemovírus aviário (aMPV). Os membros da família Paramyxoviridae, subfamília Pneumovirin...

  10. Were king Stefan the First-Crowned and his son Radoslav co-rulers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bubalo Đorđe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Serbian historiography considers the issue of the co-ruling of King Stefan the First-Crowned and his son Radoslav as the one finally resolved. The suggested solution on the co-rule of Stefan and Radoslav may be most succinctly expressed as following: as early as in the year of 1220, due to the frail health of Stefan the First-Crowned and Radoslav's marriage to Anne the Epirus princess, Radoslav was crowned to be the king and positioned to co-rule with his father after the Byzantine model of governing. Nevertheless this point of view has some loose ends. The notion of co-ruling and the very term of 'co-ruler' are quite freely used in the scholarly works. A general consensus on the precise meaning has not been reached yet. At the point where one author perceives a co-rule, the other categorically denies it. Basically the approach equalizing the heir to the throne and the co-ruler is wrong. Although the co-rulers in most cases were the throne heirs, they cannot be called the co-rulers because of the right to inherit the throne, but for the ruling attributes that formally established that right. The conviction of the co-rule of King Stefan and his son Radoslav is founded on the interpretation of the facts coming from the following sources: entitling charters for the monastery of Žiča, produced by Stefan and Radoslav around 1220; some segments from St. Sava's biographies by Domentian and Theodosius describing the circumstances of Stefan's death-bed leaving the throne to Radoslav; the three acts of the town of Kotor from 1221 and 1227 dated by the rule of king Radoslav, the portraits of Stefan and Radoslav next to the entrance to the Church of the Ascension in the monastery of Žiča and in the nartex of the Mileševa monastery church. In the first Žiča charter, Stefan calls Radoslav his heir, while in the second Žiča charter Stefan points out Radoslav as his first-born son blessed by him to be the king of the whole state. (jegože i

  11. A Female Patient with FMR1 Premutation and Mosaic X Chromosome Aneuploidy and Two Sons with Intellectual Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanina, Ekaterina M; Tulupov, Andrey A; Lemskaya, Natalya A; Korostyshevskaya, Aleksandra M; Maksimova, Yuliya V; Shorina, Asia R; Savelov, Andrey A; Sergeeva, Irina G; Isanova, Evgeniya R; Grishchenko, Irina V; Yudkin, Dmitry V

    2017-03-01

    In this report, we describe a molecular cytogenetic study of a family burdened with intellectual disability (ID) and suicide. Our study revealed that the mother has a heterozygous premutation in the FMR1 gene and supernumerary X chromosomes as well as X-derived marker chromosomes. Both of her sons have ID and a normal chromosome number. One of the sons has fragile X syndrome, and the other has ID of an unclear nature.

  12. Analyse de données en apprentissage d’une L2 en situation d’autonomie dans un environnement multimédia Analyse de données en apprentissage d’une L2 en situation d’autonomie dans un environnement multimédia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Duquette

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un cadre méthodologique pour traiter de l’apprentissage et de l’évaluation en Enseignement des Langues Assisté par Ordinateur (ELAO dans le contexte de l’autonomie. En effet, en l’absence d’un paradigme qui fasse consensus, l’auteure propose une méthodologie d’analyse provenant de la résolution de problème en sciences cognitives et qui devrait être généralisable pour le traitement des données dans le contexte de l’autonomie en ELAO. Notre cadre d’analyse comprend trois stratégies générales correspondant aux connaissances préalables - régulation, mise en oeuvre, évaluation - qui permettent de distinguer les apprenant efficaces des non efficaces en situation d’autonomie puisqu’elles font appel aux connaissances antérieures. Ces stratégies générales sont croisées à six étapes de résolution de problème : lecture, analyse, exploration, planification, réalisation et vérification. L’auteure montre, à travers deux études empiriques qu’elle a menées, que le cadre de résolution de problème fonctionne bien et permet d’évaluer l’efficacité des apprenants en situation d’autonomie dans l’environnement de l’ELAO. Elle suggère que ce cadre de résolution de problème soit utilisé dans d’autres études sur l’apprentissage dans différents environnements informatiques afin de lui donner de la robustesse et une plus grande généralisation et ainsi, de permettre au domaine d’opter pour le paradigme cognitif qui deviendrait alors consensuel.This article suggests a methodological framework which can be used to study learning and evaluation in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL within the context of learner autonomy. Since there is at present no widely agreed upon paradigm in the field, the author suggests a methodology based on problem solving in the cognitive sciences and suggests that this methodology is generalizable to analyses of data in the context of self

  13. Ibrahim, Son of Mahmoudek: Accession to Power and Purses (1 »

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    A.L. Ponomarev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The death of the Crimean khan Haji Giray on 25 August 1466 was followed by two months of the political turmoil. Sons of the late ruler, Mengli Giray and Nur Dawlat, were two pretenders well-known to the historians. But numismatic material and newly found archival documents prove that there was one more claimant khan. He was the protege of the Shirin bek Mamak and the copper puls of Caffa with the forked tamga testify that the Genoeses were inclined to accept his supremacy. The said heraldic symbol didn’t belong to Giray khans and it was never more used for the coins of Caffa or the khanate after 1441, when Tartar beks elected Haji Giray to be their lord. These puls were the fractional currency that became necessary after there had happened the monetary reform in the khanate and those old silver dangs started to circulate side by side with a new silver denomination – aqcha. The author has discovered that these puls have die links with aqche coins of Nur Dawlat and moreover he has found that the third «Emperor» had been mentioned in the unpublished accounts of the Genoese treasury, composed in September and October 1466. The shape of his tamga as well the steady political predilections of the Shirin beks demonstrate his kinship with Ulugh Muhammad. The name of this previously unbeknown Crimean khan, who became next year the khan of the Kazan khanate, was Ibrahim. The name of this khan is written on those coins which were earlier attributed to the Siberian khan Ibrahim (Ibak without real, only on far-fetched and untutored grounds.

  14. Ibrahim, Son of Mahmoudek: Accession to Power and Purses (2 »

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    A.L. Ponomarev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The death of the Crimean khan Haij Garey on 25 August 1466 was followed by two months of the political turmoil. Sons of the late ruler, Mengli Garey and Nur Dawlat, were two pretenders well-known to the historians. But numismatic material and newly found archival documents prove that there was one more claimant khan. He was the protege of the Shirin bek Mamak and the copper puls of Caffa with the forked tamga testify that the Genoeses were inclined to accept his supremacy. The said heraldic symbol didn’t belong to Garey khans and it was never more used for the coins of Caffa or the khanate after 1441, when Tartar beks elected Haji Garey to be their lord. These puls were the fractional currency that became necessary after there had happened the monetary reform in the khanate and those old silver dangs started to circulate side by side with a new silver denomination – aqcha. The author has discovered that these puls have die links with aqcha coins of Nur Dawlat and moreover he has found that the third «Emperor» had been mentioned in the unpublished accounts of the Genoese treasury, composed in September and October 1466. The shape of his tamga as well the steady political predilections of the Shirin beks demonstrate his kinship with Ulugh Muhammad. The name of this previously unbeknown Crimean khan, who became next year the khan of the Kazan khanate, was Ibrahim. The name of this khan is written on those coins which were earlier attributed to the Siberian khan Ibrahim (Ibak without real, only on far-fetched and untutored grounds.

  15. Empirical evidence for son-killing X chromosomes and the operation of SA-zygotic drive.

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    Urban Friberg

    Full Text Available Diploid organisms have two copies of all genes, but only one is carried by each haploid gamete and diploid offspring. This causes a fundamental genetic conflict over transmission rate between alternative alleles. Single genes, or gene clusters, only rarely code for the complex phenotypes needed to give them a transmission advantage (drive phenotype. However, all genes on a male's X and Y chromosomes co-segregate, allowing different sex-linked genes to code for different parts of the drive phenotype. Correspondingly, the well-characterized phenomenon of male gametic drive, occurring during haploid gametogenesis, is especially common on sex chromosomes. The new theory of sexually antagonistic zygotic drive of the sex chromosomes (SA-zygotic drive extends the logic of gametic drive into the diploid phase of the lifecycle, whenever there is competition among siblings or harmful sib-sib mating. The X and Y are predicted to gain a transmission advantage by harming offspring of the sex that does not carry them.Here we analyzed a mutant X-chromosome in Drosophila simulans that produced an excess of daughters when transmitted from males. We developed a series of tests to differentiate between gametic and SA-zygotic drive, and provide multiple lines of evidence that SA-zygotic drive is responsible for the sex ratio bias. Driving sires produce about 50% more surviving daughters than sons.Sex-ratio distortion due to genetic conflict has evolved via gametic drive and maternally transmitted endosymbionts. Our data indicate that sex chromosomes can also drive by harming the non-carrier sex of offspring.

  16. Empirical evidence for son-killing X chromosomes and the operation of SA-zygotic drive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friberg, Urban; Stewart, Andrew D; Rice, William R

    2011-01-01

    Diploid organisms have two copies of all genes, but only one is carried by each haploid gamete and diploid offspring. This causes a fundamental genetic conflict over transmission rate between alternative alleles. Single genes, or gene clusters, only rarely code for the complex phenotypes needed to give them a transmission advantage (drive phenotype). However, all genes on a male's X and Y chromosomes co-segregate, allowing different sex-linked genes to code for different parts of the drive phenotype. Correspondingly, the well-characterized phenomenon of male gametic drive, occurring during haploid gametogenesis, is especially common on sex chromosomes. The new theory of sexually antagonistic zygotic drive of the sex chromosomes (SA-zygotic drive) extends the logic of gametic drive into the diploid phase of the lifecycle, whenever there is competition among siblings or harmful sib-sib mating. The X and Y are predicted to gain a transmission advantage by harming offspring of the sex that does not carry them. Here we analyzed a mutant X-chromosome in Drosophila simulans that produced an excess of daughters when transmitted from males. We developed a series of tests to differentiate between gametic and SA-zygotic drive, and provide multiple lines of evidence that SA-zygotic drive is responsible for the sex ratio bias. Driving sires produce about 50% more surviving daughters than sons. Sex-ratio distortion due to genetic conflict has evolved via gametic drive and maternally transmitted endosymbionts. Our data indicate that sex chromosomes can also drive by harming the non-carrier sex of offspring.

  17. Shamgar, son of Anath, in the Josephus Flavius’ “Antiquitates Judaicae”

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    Łukasz Toboła

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Although Shamgar is described as deliverer of Israel in Judg 3:31, all the regular elements in the description of the work of Israel’s judges seems to be lacking there (for example, the official titles שפט or מושיע. In this context the tradition of Josephus (Antiquities 5:197 is instructive here: Σανάγαρος ὁ Ἀνάθου παῖς αἱρεθεὶς ἄρχειν ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ τῆς ἀρχῆς ἔτει κατέστρεψε τὸν βίον (“Sanagaros, the Anath’s son, having been chosen to rule, in the first year of his rule lost his life”. If Josephus’ biblical source was basically the same as the Masoretic Text, he seems to understood the lexeme הבקר of Judg 3:31 as a passive verbal form from the root בקר, in the sense attested in the Qumran scrolls, where the term מבקר means “supervisor, inspector.” Therefore, although the standard formula of assuming the rule is missing there, the consonantal Hebrew text permits one to recognize Shamgar as chief and deliverer of Israelites. He “has been appointed” (הֻבְקַר to be a “supervisor, chief” (compare αἱρεθεὶς ἄρχειν in Josephus of Israel.

  18. Produção de moranga e pepino em solo com incorporação de cama aviária e casca de pinus Production of squash and cucumber in soil amended with poultry manure and pine bark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo B. Blum

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A cama aviária e a casca de pinus (Pinus taeda são subprodutos de empresas avícolas e florestais que podem ser utilizados na melhoria da fertilidade e das propriedades físicas e químicas do solo. As morangas 'Tetsukabuto' (Cucurbita maxima x C. moschata e 'Exposição' (Cucurbita maxima e o pepino 'Caipira' (Cucumis sativus estão entre as cucurbitáceas mais cultivadas em Santa Catarina. Avaliou-se os efeitos de doses (0 a 50 g.kg-1 de solo de cama aviária (2,82% N; 2,53% P; 1,2% K; 2,5% Ca; 0,5% Mg e da casca de pinus (0,30% N; 0,10% P; 0,12% K; 0,21% Ca; 0,03% Mg, incorporadas ao solo, no desenvolvimento de plantas e na produção de moranga e pepino. Os experimentos foram delineados em blocos ao acaso, desenvolvidos em casa de vegetação e no campo, e, dependendo do experimento, possuíam tratamentos variando de quatro a cinco, e, repetições de quatro a oito. Em casa de vegetação, doses de cama aviária de até 30 g kg-1 de solo (correspondendo a ~3 kg m-2 aumentaram as plantas emergentes (~15% a 50% e a massa da matéria fresca (~90% a 200% de plantas de moranga 'Exposição' e de pepino 'Caipira'. O pH e os conteúdos de Ca, K, Mg, Mn, N, P e Zn do solo aumentaram com o incremento das doses de cama aviária. O incremento nas doses de casca de pinus diminuiu (~27% os níveis de nitrogênio mineral do solo. Nos experimentos de campo, a incorporação de cama aviária e casca de pinus aumentou a emergência (~15% de plântulas de pepino. A produção de frutos de moranga 'Tetsukabuto' e de pepino 'Caipira' aumentou (~120% nos tratamentos com cama aviária, na dose de 30 g kg-1 (correspondendo a ~ 3 kg m-2.Poultry manure and pine bark (Pinus taeda are by-products readily available in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. These by-products can be used as soil amendments to improve soil fertility and soil physical and chemical properties. Inter-specific hybrid squash cv. 'Tetsukabuto' (Cucurbita maxima x C. moschata, squash cv. 'Exposi

  19. My Son The Fanatic, de Hanif Kureishi, ou l’intégration à rebours

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    Jean-Paul Revauger

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Utiliser un film, ou toute création culturelle, pour comprendre le social pose un certain nombre de problèmes méthodologiques. Un film n’est pas un « reflet ». Une création, même si elle se place sous le sceau du réalisme, a un rapport très fort mais indirect avec le contexte historique de sa genèse. Elle est le produit de la rencontre d’un contexte, d’un créateur doté d’une idéologie, d’un « habitus », d’un corpus de valeurs, des modes et techniques en vigueur dans le champ de la création au moment de celle-ci et, comme le rappelle Bourdieu, de la stratégie du créateur par rapport à ses collègues/concurrents. Enfin, sans ajouter une note discordante supplémentaire aux théories de la réception, l’œuvre sera perçue de façon différente selon les publics. My Son the Fanatic sera donc perçu comme une œuvre satanique par les fondamentalistes musulmans, mais sans doute aussi chrétiens, comme une bluette charmante par les midinettes au grand cœur qui semblent être le public visé par la présentation publicitaire du film, comme une démonstration de la justesse de leurs thèses par les partisans de l’intégration, mais aussi par les émules de Huntington pour qui le choc des civilisations est inéluctable, enfin comme une manifestation irresponsable d’ « islamophobie » par les nostalgiques des politiques multiculturalistes d’antan. Les aficionados de Hanif Kureishi, auteur de la nouvelle sur laquelle le film est fondé, et scénariste du film lui-même, y retrouveront le plaidoyer pour la liberté individuelle et, en particulier, la liberté sexuelle qu’ils attendent, mais seront un peu surpris par les côtés didactiques, pour employer cet adjectif dans une acception qui déplait aux didacticiens, c'est-à-dire une volonté de démonstration un peu insistante.Using films, or, for that matter, any cultural artefact in order to reach an understanding of social issues raises a number of

  20. "There is such a thing as too many daughters, but not too many sons": A qualitative study of son preference and fetal sex selection among Indian immigrants in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puri, Sunita; Adams, Vincanne; Ivey, Susan; Nachtigall, Robert D

    2011-04-01

    In response to concerns from feminists, demographers, bioethicists, journalists, and health care professionals, the Indian government passed legislation in 1994 and 2003 prohibiting the use of sex selection technology and sex-selective abortion. In contrast, South Asian families immigrating to the United States find themselves in an environment where reproductive choice is protected by law and technologies enabling sex selection are readily available. Yet there has been little research exploring immigrant Indian women's narratives about the pressure they face to have sons, the process of deciding to utilize sex selection technologies, and the physical and emotional health implications of both son preference and sex selection. We undertook semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 65 immigrant Indian women in the United States who had pursued fetal sex selection on the East and West coasts of the United States between September 2004 and December 2009. Women spoke of son preference and sex selection as separate though intimately related phenomena, and the major themes that arose during interviews included the sociocultural roots of son preference; women's early socialization around the importance of sons; the different forms of pressure to have sons that women experienced from female in-laws and husbands; the spectrum of verbal and physical abuse that women faced when they did not have male children and/or when they found out they were carrying a female fetus; and the ambivalence with which women regarded their own experience of reproductive "choice." We found that 40% of the women interviewed had terminated prior pregnancies with female fetuses and that 89% of women carrying female fetuses in their current pregnancy pursued an abortion. These narratives highlight the interaction between medical technology and the perpetuation of this specific form of violence against women in an immigrant context where women are both the assumed beneficiaries of reproductive choice

  1. The role of God in the father/son relationship during identity formation – a Gestalt theoretical perspective

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    H.B. Grobler

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on research done within the Afrikaansspeaking community in the area of the Drakenstein Municipality, Western Cape province, South Africa. The focus falls specifically on one concept that was outlined during the research, namely the perceptions of fathers and adolescent sons on identity formation within their relationship as well as the role that God plays. Combined qualitative/quantitative research was conducted with emphasis on semi-structured interviews with fathers (n=4 and adolescent boys (n=4 and an auto-ethnography of the author as the dominant component. The lessdominant quantitative component consisted of questionnaires completed by fathers (n=42 and adolescent boys (n=180. Metatheoretical assumptions and theoretical assumptions as grounding for the male identity are discussed as part of the author’s paradigmatic perspective. Furthermore, empirical findings are discussed and recommendations are made. From the discussions with fathers and their sons it was clear that both fathers and sons have a need to stand in close relationship to each other and to God. It is within this relationship where their identities are formed. However, fathers seemed to be resistant of transferring their beliefs to their sons. Adolescent boys also indicated no need to one day transfer learned behaviour from their fathers to their sons.

  2. Approvisionnement en aliments sains et normes nutritionnelles dans les établissements publics : synthèse des données probantes et recommandations stratégiques consensuelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim D. Raine

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Les aliments malsains sont facilement accessibles dans les lieux publics au Canada, ce qui favorise les maladies chroniques liées au régime alimentaire, comme l’obésité. Cette réalité est préoccupante, car les établissements publics servent souvent une grande quantité d’aliments destinés à des groupes vulnérables, tels que les enfants et les personnes âgées. L’adoption de politiques sur l’approvisionnement en aliments sains, qui soutiennent l’achat, la distribution, la vente ou l’offre d’aliments plus sains, apparaît depuis peu comme une stratégie prometteuse pour contrer ce problème de santé publique, en rendant plus accessibles les aliments sains. De telles politiques n’ont cependant pas encore été adoptées à grande échelle au Canada, malgré les recommandations de nombreuses organisations canadiennes à vocation scientifique et du domaine de la santé. Méthodologie : Afin d’étayer la prise de mesures stratégiques qui favoriseront l’approvisionnement en aliments sains au Canada, nous avons, en premier lieu, réalisé une synthèse des données probantes en vue d’évaluer les répercussions des politiques sur l’approvisionnement en aliments du point de vue des résultats sur la santé, ainsi que des ventes, de la consommation et de l’offre d’aliments plus sains. En second lieu, nous avons tenu une conférence de consensus en septembre 2014. Cette conférence, qui a réuni des experts en recherche sur la santé publique et les politiques nutritionnelles, ainsi que des professionnels de la santé et des services alimentaires, a permis l’étude des données probantes, la mise en commun des expériences et l’élaboration d’un énoncé de consensus et de recommandations sur l’approvisionnement en aliments sains au Canada. Résultats : Cet article expose les constatations de la synthèse des données probantes et les recommandations consensuelles sur l’approvisionnement en

  3. Des journalistes enfin libérés de leurs sources ? Promesse et réalité du "journalisme de données "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Parasie

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plusieurs années, le traitement de données apparaît à certains journalistes comme une façon de réduire leur dépendance aux sources. En élaborant des bases de données et des algorithmes au sein des rédactions, ils seraient moins tributaires des tuyaux et des interprétations que leur fournissent régulièrement leurs sources, notamment institutionnelles. S’inspirant de la sociologie pragmatique et de la théorie de l’acteur-réseau, cet article montre que les technologies de traitement de données sont actuellement mobilisées afin de permettre aux journalistes de reprendre l’initiative face aux sources. À partir d’une enquête de terrain menée à Chicago en 2010, nous examinons d’abord le contenu de cette promesse apparue au croisement des mondes journalistiques et informatiques. Puis, en étudiant le cas de l’information criminelle à Chicago, nous montrons que cette promesse n’est qu’en partie satisfaite dans les réalisations actuelles. Over the past few years, some journalists have expressed that data processing is a way of reducing their dependence to sources. Elaborating databases and algorithms in the newsrooms is considered to reduce journalists’ need for tips and interpretations from sources, including those institutional. By drawing from pragmatic sociology and the network-actor theory, this article shows that data-processing technologies are currently mobilized to encourage journalists to reinitiate their relation to sources. Based on a study that took place in Chicago in 2010, first we examine the content of the promise that appeared at the intersection of the journalistic and computer science worlds. Then, by analysing criminal news in Chicago, we show that currently, the promise is only partly fulfilled. Há vários anos que alguns jornalistas acreditam que o processamento de dados pode ser uma forma de reduzir sua dependência em relação às fontes de informação. Ao desenvolverem bases de

  4. ¿Son seres humanos los puentes de fábrica?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauder, E.

    2006-03-01

    éndole cualidades humanas a lo largo de su ciclo vital, a la vez que desempeña el papel de creador, padre, defensor, médico o psicólogo según las situaciones en que se encuentre o los problemas a que se enfrente su puente-hijo. Además, se quiere poner de manifiesto que la abundante utilización de esta metáfora y las correspondencias terminológicas derivadas de ella no son un fenómeno extraño, sino el resultado lógico de la interdisciplinaridad natural entre la técnica constructiva, la medicina (psicología incluida, la terminología y el lenguaje.

  5. Autosomal-dominant Leber Congenital Amaurosis Caused by a Heterozygous CRX Mutation in a Father and Son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcot Sadagopan, Karthikeyan; Battista, Robert; Keep, Rosanne B; Capasso, Jenina E; Levin, Alex V

    2015-06-01

    Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is most often an autosomal recessive disorder. We report a father and son with autosomal dominant LCA due to a mutation in the CRX gene. DNA screening using an allele specific assay of 90 of the most common LCA-causing variations in the coding sequences of AIPL1, CEP290, CRB1, CRX, GUCY2D, RDH12 and RPE65 was performed on the father. Automated DNA sequencing of his son examining exon 3 of the CRX gene was subsequently performed. Both father and son have a heterozygous single base pair deletion of an adenine at codon 153 in the coding sequence of the CRX gene resulting in a frameshift mutation. Mutations involving the CRX gene may demonstrate an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern for LCA.

  6. Alexander Falconer Sr Seamen's missionary in New Zealand, son Alexander Falconer medical superintendent for mentally ill, grandson Murray Falconer neurosurgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawgood, Barbara J

    2016-08-01

    Alexander Falconer Sr (1843-1915) came from Scotland to New Zealand. A practical Christian, he set up places of relaxation for miners, sailors and soldiers; he became the Seamen's Missionary. Son, Dr Alexander Falconer (1874-1955) trained at Otago University Medical School. As medical superintendent for the mentally ill, he urged the early introduction of psychotherapy. His son, Murray Falconer (1910-1977) was the first Nuffield Dominions Clinical Fellow, training in neurosurgery in Oxford. He was the first director of the Guy's-Maudsley Neurosurgical Unit in London and was internationally known for the surgical management of temporal lobe epilepsy in adults and children. © The Author(s) 2016.

  7. Livingston-Courant magnetic lens and their use in focussing a beam supplied by a Van der Graaff; Lentilles magnetiques Courant-Livingston et leur utilisation a la focalisation du faisceau donne par un Van de Graaff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gendreau, G.

    1953-11-15

    This technical note presents the general calculation of focal distances of a system made of two crossed thick lens. It outlines that these lens can be considered as thin lens in their operation domain (focal distance comprised between an element length and the infinite), and then elaborated formula for all optical elements. These formula are then applied to lens built for the Van der Graaff. The actual length of a lens is then given with respect to its theoretical length. Obtained numerical values lead to the determination of magnetic and mechanical characteristics of a lens [French] Le calcul general des distances focales d'un systeme de deux lentilles epaisses croisees est explicite. Dans leur domaine d'utilisation (distances focales comprises entre l'infini et la longueur d'un element) on peut les considerer comme minces, tous les elements optiques sont alors formules. L'application de ces formules aux lentilles construites pour le Van de Graaff se traduit par les tableaux I et II. On donne la longueur reelle d'une lentille en fonction de sa longueur theorique. Les valeurs numeriques trouvees conduisent a la determination des caracteristiques magnetiques et mecaniques d'une lentille. (auteur)

  8. 77 FR 72906 - Chessie Logistics Co., LLC-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-J. Emil Anderson & Son, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35700] Chessie Logistics Co., LLC--Acquisition and Operation Exemption-- J. Emil Anderson & Son, Inc. Chessie Logistics Co... served on Ariel A. Erbacher, Legal Counsel, Chessie Logistics Co., LLC, 1001 Green Bay Rd., Unit 204...

  9. The Quest of Father and Son: Illuminating Character Identity, Motivation, and Conflict in Cormac McCarthy's "The Road"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Chris

    2012-01-01

    "The Road" has been an important part of the author's English IV Honors course for several years now. Undeniably bleak, it details a father and son's journey through a seared, post-apocalyptic wasteland. As they travel through the burnt remains of America, they are threatened by starvation, dehydration, and scattered, hostile humans. Although his…

  10. "My Son Is Reliable": Young Drivers' Parents' Optimism and Views on the Norms of Parental Involvement in Youth Driving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttman, Nurit

    2013-01-01

    The high crash rates among teenage drivers are of great concern across nations. Parents' involvement is known to help increase their young drivers' driving safety. In particular, parents can place restrictions on their son's/daughter's driving (e.g., restrict night time driving), which can enable the young driver to gain driving experience in…

  11. Literature as an exploration of the phenomenology of schizophrenia: disorder and recovery in Denis Johnson's Jesus' Son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Jay A; Leonhardt, Bethany L; Fogley, Rebecca L; Lysaker, Paul H

    2014-12-01

    When read as a fictional psychosis narrative, Jesus' Son, a collection of short stories by Denis Johnson, reveals important elements of the phenomenology of schizophrenia and recovery. It is possible that Jesus' Son, as a work of fiction, may be able to uniquely add depth and nuance to an understanding of the phenomenology of schizophrenia involving a state of psychological fragmentation, an ever-changing interpersonal field and a loss of personal agency. In addition, by following the protagonist in Jesus' Son as he begins to resolve some of his difficulties, the book also offers an individualised account of recovery. The authors detail how the book reveals these insights about schizophrenia and recovery and suggest that these elements are intertwined in such a manner that leads to a profound disruption of self-experience, characterised by a collapse of metacognitive processes. Jesus' Son may add depth to our understanding of the subjective experience of schizophrenia and recovery, and also may serve as one example in which the study of humanities offers an opportunity to explore the human elements in the most profound forms of suffering. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  12. La Mycorhize à arbuscules : quels bénéfices pour l'homme et son ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La Mycorhize à arbuscules : quels bénéfices pour l'homme et son ... et quantitative de la production végétale mais aussi pour une gestion et une remédiation ... Mycorrhizal symbiosis, and specifically arbuscular mycorrhization, which occurs ...

  13. Similarities of Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Strain in Mother and Son in Spain to UK Reference Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diack, Abigail B; Boyle, Aileen; Ritchie, Diane; Plinston, Chris; Kisielewski, Dorothy; de Pedro-Cuesta, Jesús; Rábano, Alberto; Will, Robert G; Manson, Jean C

    2017-09-01

    We investigated transmission characteristics of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in a mother and son from Spain. Despite differences in patient age and disease manifestations, we found the same strain properties in these patients as in UK vCJD cases. A single strain of agent appears to be responsible for all vCJD cases to date.

  14. Examination of the Film "My Father and My Son" According to the Basic Concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Tulin; Voltan-Acar, Nilufer

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the basic concepts of multigenerational Family Therapy and to evaluate the scenes of the film ''My Father and My Son'' according to these concepts. For these purposes firstly basic concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy such as differentiation of self, triangles/triangulation, nuclear family emotional…

  15. Giving Birth to Life--Again!: Bereaved Parents' Experiences with Children Born Following the Death of an Adult Son

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamama-Raz, Yaira; Rosenfeld, Sarah; Buchbinder, Eli

    2010-01-01

    This article is based on a qualitative study examining the experiences of parents that lost a son during military service in Israel and consequently choose to give birth to another child. Seven couples and 3 mothers were interviewed for the study, and their interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. Three main themes…

  16. Detection of “Salmonella” spp. in broiler buildings and stuff of slaughterhouse in the central region of Mato Grosso do Sul Ocorrência de "Salmonella" spp. em aviários e abatedouro de frangos de corte na região central de Mato Grosso do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Barbosa Fascina

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to search Salmonella spp. occurrence in broiler poultry shed and poultry products from slaughterhouse in central county of Mato Grosso do Sul. Were analyzed 134 drag swabs in broiler poultry farms located in five counties 123 samples of chickens carcasses, viscera and chilled water from the slaughterhouse. The results showed that 11.28% of 257 samples tested positive for Salmonella, and 1.95% from the field and 9.33% from the slaughterhouse. The serovars found were Salmonella Enteritidis (1.16%, S. Typhimurium (1.94%, S. Senftenberg (0.77%, S. Schwarzengrund (4.28%, S. Livingstone (0.38%, S. Corvallis (1.55% and Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica (O: 4.5:-:1.2 with 1.16%. The use of two enrichment broths and two or more plating means increases the chances of Salmonella spp. Isolation. The serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium, important in the poultry industry, were found in field and slaughterhouse. It can be concluded that there is an occurrence of different serovars of Salmonella spp. In poultry slaughterhouse and in Mato Grosso do Sul central county. Serovar Schwarzengrum shows the highest percentage of occurrence in the slaughterhouse, suggesting that further studies are conducted to determine the importance of presence compared to other serovars. Control programs and risk analysis are essential for maintaining the health of poultry and reduce potential health risks to the consumer.Objetivou-se com este estudo pesquisar a ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em aviários de frangos de corte e em produtos de abatedouro avícola na região central de Mato Grosso do Sul. Foram analisados 134 suabes de arraste em aviários de frangos de corte localizados em cinco municípios e 123 amostras de carcaças de frango, vísceras e água do chiller provenientes do abatedouro. Os resultados demonstraram que 11,28% das 257 amostras apresentaram resultados positivos para Salmonella, dos quais 1,95% provenientes do campo e 9,33% do

  17. Compared study of the local structure of alteration products of SON 68 glass and natural gels; Etude comparee de la structure locale des produits d'alteration du verre SON 68 et de gels naturels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pellegrin, E

    2000-07-01

    This study is a contribution in the understanding of the long time behavior of alteration products of the glass SON 68, used to simulate the nuclear glass R7T7. The local structure around Zirconium and iron has been probed using X-ray absorption spectroscopy in altered surface layer of glass SON 68. Alteration products of this glass have been prepared for short (3 hours to 7 days) and long (17 months) time, using various indexes of saturation for the leaching solution with respect to the Si content of the glass (from 0 to 90 %). The evolution of the local structure around Fe has also been studied in recent and old natural ferric gels. Zr, Fe- L{sub 2,3} XANES and Zr, Fe-K EXAFS spectroscopies have shown that, in the pristine glass, these elements are connected to the polymeric network. Zr is found in an environment close to that of a zircon-silicate containing Na and Ca. Trivalent Fe is a network former. The leached layer of glass SON 68 is constituted of poorly ordered Zr-and Fe-(oxi-hydr)oxides that may have been formed by a mechanism of dissolution/precipitation; a relict phase with the same Zr local structure as that observed in the pristine glass, probably obtained thanks to in-situ solid condensation. The structural characteristics of the leached layer are observed from the first steps of alteration for Zr and Fe. Conversely to Fe, the structural status of Zr depends on the leaching kinetic as well as the contents of Ca and Si in the solid. Fe-K EXAFS results in recent natural ferri-hydrides present a clear structural similarity with that determined in glass SON 68 leached products. The study of old paleosols (between 1,800 and 200,000 years) has demonstrated the long time stability of ferric gels, although an increase of medium range order around Fe is seen. (author)

  18. Intégration des données de l'atlas des marais atlantiques alimentés en eau de mer dans un système d'information à référence spatiale

    OpenAIRE

    Loubersac, Lionel; Manaud, Francois; Loarer, Ronan; Kerdreux, Michel; Durand, Christophe

    1998-01-01

    Ce papier décrit une méthodologie d’intégration des données analogiques d’un Atlas des marais salés atlantiques dans un SIG. On développe les différentes étapes de la méthode après avoir décrit les données originales sources sous forme de cartographie analogique thématique et de textes associés. Ces étapes incluent la digitalisation, les corrections géométriques, la définition d’une typologie et d’attributs, la mise en place de liens entre les graphiques, textes et images, le croisement de co...

  19. Osteoporosis and prevention. Assessment of mineral density, geometry and biomechanics of bone by means of peripheral quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) in premenopausal women assuming phytoestrogens; Osteoporosi e fitoestrogeni: valutazione della densita' minerale ossea mediante tomografia computerizzata quantitativa periferica nelle donne lattoovovegetariane nella premenopausa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Leo, C; Tarolo, G L; Bestetti, A; Tagliabue, L; Del Sole, A; Alberti, G [Ospedale San Paolo, Milan (Italy). Servizio di Medicina Nucleare; Cestaro, B [Milan Univ., Milan (Italy). Cattedra e Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina Nucleare; Pepe, L [ACN-L' Accessorio Nucleare, Cerro Maggiore, MI (Italy). Lab. Nucleari

    2000-04-01

    Aim of the work was to describe the noninvasive assessment of bone mineral density, geometrical and biochemical properties in premenopausal women with dietary intake of phytoestrogens and comparison of these parameters with those of age-matched female subjects with Mediterranean dietary intake lacking in these substances. Volumetric cortical, trabecular and total mineral density and bone geometrical properties were evaluated with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the distal radius of the non dominant forearm. pQCT showed higher bone mineral density (total and trabecular) and SSI values in premenopausal with dietary intake of phytoestrogens. Despite the lack of statistical significance, these preliminary results, should further support the few literature findings about the potential role of phytoestrogens consumption in preventing trabecular bone loss. However, further studies are warranted to evaluate definitively postmenopausal osteoporosis. [Italian] Scopo del lavoro e' quello di studiare in modo non-invasivo la densita' minerale, le caratteristiche geometriche e biomeccaniche dell'osso in donne lattoovovegetariane nella premenopausa che assumevano con la dieta fitoestrogeni e confrontare questi dati con quelli di donne anch'esse in premenopausa, con dieta di tipo mediterraneo assolutamente priva di questi elementi con azione simil-ormonale. La densita' minerale, le proprieta' geometriche meccaniche dell'osso sono state valutate a livello del radio ultradistale non dominante mediante tomografia computerizzata (TC) quantitativa periferica, che nelle donne in premenopausa con dieta ricca di fitoestrogeni ha evidenziato valori della densita' minerale ossea totale, trabecolare e di resistenza ossea piu' elevati, anche se in modo non significativo, rispetto a quelli dei controlli con dieta mediterranea. Questi risultati preliminari suggerirebbero come l'assunzione quotidiana di fitoestrogeni attraverso la soia potrebbe accompagnarsi a un maggiore

  20. Osteoporosis and prevention. Assessment of mineral density, geometry and biomechanics of bone by means of peripheral quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) in premenopausal women assuming phytoestrogens; Osteoporosi e fitoestrogeni: valutazione della densita' minerale ossea mediante tomografia computerizzata quantitativa periferica nelle donne lattoovovegetariane nella premenopausa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Leo, C.; Tarolo, G.L.; Bestetti, A.; Tagliabue, L.; Del Sole, A.; Alberti, G. [Ospedale San Paolo, Milan (Italy). Servizio di Medicina Nucleare; Cestaro, B. [Milan Univ., Milan (Italy). Cattedra e Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina Nucleare; Pepe, L. [ACN-L' Accessorio Nucleare, Cerro Maggiore, MI (Italy). Lab. Nucleari

    2000-04-01

    Aim of the work was to describe the noninvasive assessment of bone mineral density, geometrical and biochemical properties in premenopausal women with dietary intake of phytoestrogens and comparison of these parameters with those of age-matched female subjects with Mediterranean dietary intake lacking in these substances. Volumetric cortical, trabecular and total mineral density and bone geometrical properties were evaluated with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at the distal radius of the non dominant forearm. pQCT showed higher bone mineral density (total and trabecular) and SSI values in premenopausal with dietary intake of phytoestrogens. Despite the lack of statistical significance, these preliminary results, should further support the few literature findings about the potential role of phytoestrogens consumption in preventing trabecular bone loss. However, further studies are warranted to evaluate definitively postmenopausal osteoporosis. [Italian] Scopo del lavoro e' quello di studiare in modo non-invasivo la densita' minerale, le caratteristiche geometriche e biomeccaniche dell'osso in donne lattoovovegetariane nella premenopausa che assumevano con la dieta fitoestrogeni e confrontare questi dati con quelli di donne anch'esse in premenopausa, con dieta di tipo mediterraneo assolutamente priva di questi elementi con azione simil-ormonale. La densita' minerale, le proprieta' geometriche meccaniche dell'osso sono state valutate a livello del radio ultradistale non dominante mediante tomografia computerizzata (TC) quantitativa periferica, che nelle donne in premenopausa con dieta ricca di fitoestrogeni ha evidenziato valori della densita' minerale ossea totale, trabecolare e di resistenza ossea piu' elevati, anche se in modo non significativo, rispetto a quelli dei controlli con dieta mediterranea. Questi risultati preliminari suggerirebbero come l'assunzione quotidiana di fitoestrogeni

  1. ‘To refer, not to characterise’: A synchronic look at the Son-of-Man logia in the Sayings Gospel Q

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llewellyn

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article intends to address the Son-of-Man problem by applying Delbert Burkett’s ‘question of reference’ to those Son-of-Man logia that appear in the Sayings Gospel Q. A position is taken that recent philological approaches to the Son-of-Man problem have not been overly convincing, successful or helpful. Similarly, attempting to determine the authenticity of individual Son-of-Man sayings has not led to any form of scholarly consensus. In place of these approaches, a synchronic approach is defended and applied to the Son-of-Man sayings in Q, with interesting results.

  2. ParticipACTION, cinq ans après sa relance : enquête quantitative sur son rayonnement et sur le pouvoir d'action des organisations au Canada en matière d’initiatives consacrées à l’activité physique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Faulkner

    2018-01-01

    organisme (objectif 3. La plupart des répondants ont affirmé que ParticipACTION exerçait un leadership positif (65,3 %, mais les avis étaient plus partagés quant à son rôle de conseil aux infrastructures (44,0 % ou encore de soutien à la motivation organisationnelle (47,1 % (objectif 4. Conclusion. Les organismes canadiens font marque d’un pouvoir d'action important en matière d'adoption, de mise en oeuvre et de promotion d'initiatives d’activité physique. Cependant, cinq ans après la relance de ParticipACTION et malgré une meilleure reconnaissance de sa contribution globale au secteur de l’activité physique, aucun changement notable n’a été relevé dans les indicateurs mesurant le pouvoir d'action des organismes.

  3. Le glaive et la chair : le pouvoir et son incarnation au temps des derniers Valois

    OpenAIRE

    Roux, Nicolas Le

    2014-01-01

    Au xvie siècle, pouvait-on concevoir la monarchie autrement qu’incarnée ? Servir le roi, c’était servir un prince auquel on était lié personnellement, et non une institution abstraite. Le monarque devait apparaître comme un compagnon pour la noblesse militaire. Henri II représentait le modèle du roi chevalier. Contrairement à son père, Charles IX ne faisait pas la guerre, mais il épuisait son corps dans d’interminables chasses. Henri III a tenu dans sa jeunesse le rôle de chef de guerre. Deve...

  4. Mothers’ Academic Gender Stereotypes and Education-Related Beliefs About Sons and Daughters in African American Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Dana; Kurtz-Costes, Beth; Okeke-Adeyanju, Ndidi; Rowley, Stephanie J.

    2010-01-01

    The role of African American mothers’ academic gender stereotype endorsement in shaping achievement-related expectations for and perceptions of their own children was examined. Mothers (N = 334) of 7th and 8th graders completed measures of expectations for their children’s future educational attainment, perceptions of their children’s academic competence, and academic gender stereotypes. Consistent with hypotheses, mothers held less favorable expectations for sons and perceived sons to be less academically competent than daughters. In addition, mothers reported stereotypes favoring girls over boys in academic domains; stereotype endorsement, in turn, was related to mothers’ educational expectations for and beliefs about the academic competence of their own children, even with youths’ actual achievement controlled. Negative stereotypes about the academic abilities of African American boys may create a negative feedback loop, thereby contributing to the maintenance of the gender gap in African Americans’ educational outcomes. PMID:20648228

  5. Mitochondrial DNA analysis on remains of a putative son of Louis XVI, King of France and Marie-Antoinette.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehaes, E; Decorte, R; Peneau, A; Petrie, J H; Boiry, P A; Gilissen, A; Moisan, J P; Van den Berghe, H; Pascal, O; Cassiman, J J

    1998-01-01

    Carl Wilhelm Naundorff was buried in 1845 in Delft as Louis Charles, Duc de Normandie, 'Louis XVII'. However, the son of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette-Louis XVII--officially died in the Temple of Paris in 1795. In order to resolve the identity of Naundorff, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop sequences of his remains were compared with the sequences obtained from the hairs of two sisters of Marie-Antoinette, Marie-Antoinette herself, and with the sequences obtained from DNA samples of two living maternal relatives. The mtDNA sequence of a bone sample from Naundorff showed two nucleotide differences from the sequences of the three sisters and four differences from the sequences of living maternal relatives. Based on this evidence it becomes very unlikely that Naundroff is the son of Marie-Antoinette.

  6. ¿Quién habla de las mujeres en las noticias donde ellas son las protagonistas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Tamarit

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un análisis de las fuentes que los periodistas utilizan en las informaciones donde las mujeres son protagonistas de las noticias. La investigación -cuantitativa y cualitativa- se ha realizado en los periódicos de ámbito nacional y local de Castilla y León. Con los resultados obtenidos observamos cómo en los periódicos las noticias que hablan de las mujeres en la mayoría de las ocasiones no se firman. Comprobamos cuáles son las fuentes más utilizadas para la elaboración de esas noticias y las diferentes formas de citar a la fuente cuando se trata de un hombre o de una mujer.

  7. Meaning Reconstruction Process After Suicide: Life-Story of a Japanese Woman Who Lost Her Son to Suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawashima, Daisuke; Kawano, Kenji

    2017-09-01

    Although Japan has a high suicide rate, there is insufficient research on the experiences of suicide-bereaved individuals. We investigated the qualitative aspects of the meaning reconstruction process after a loss to suicide. We conducted a life-story interview using open-ended questions with one middle-aged Japanese woman who lost her son to suicide. We used a narrative approach to transcribe and code the participant's narratives for analysis. The analysis revealed three meaning groups that structured the participant's reactions to the suicide: making sense of her son's death and life, relationships with other people, and reconstruction of a bond with the deceased. The belief that death is not an eternal split and that there is a connection between the living and the deceased reduced the pain felt by our participant. Furthermore, the narratives worked as scaffolds in the meaning reconstruction process. We discuss our results in the light of cross-cultural differences in the grieving process.

  8. QCD Precision Measurements and Structure Function Extraction at a High Statistics, High Energy Neutrino Scattering Experiment: NuSOnG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adams, T.; Batra, P.; Bugel, Leonard G.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; Conrad, Janet Marie; Fisher, Peter H.; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; )

    2009-01-01

    We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics

  9. The Dramatic Development of the Parable of the Prodigal Son in the Sacramental Play by Alonso Remón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Massanet Rodríguez

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The parable of the prodigal son is circumscribed as a predominant theme for the authors of the Spanish Golden Age to develop the plot of some of his autos sacramentales. However, among all these playwrights, the figure of Alonso Remón and his piece have been largely ignored. This article reviews the sacramental career of this author and highlights its importance and differences compared to other comedies that address the same theme.

  10. Preselecting Well Test Interpretation Models Using External Data Présélection de modèles d'interprétation de tests de puits par l'utilisation de données externes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harrison I.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The first stage in interpreting a well test is concerned with identifying a well test interpretation (WTI model for the reservoir that is consistent with all the known data and whose theoretical output response is qualitatively similar to the actual well test response. Conventionally, engineers identify WTI models by using WTI software to plot functions of well test pressure against time and then diagnose components of WTI models from their characteristic curve signatures, together with evidence from external (geological and engineering data. This paper focuses on the use of external data for preselecting WTI models, which can then be verified using conventional well test analysis techniques. The KADS methodology for developing knowledge based systems (KBS was adopted and the inference layer structure for the WTI model preselection task was derived. The WTI model preselection task will form one part of a KBS for well test interpretation, SPIRIT, being developed jointly by Artificial Intelligence Applications Institute and Heriot-Watt University. La première étape dans l'interprétation d'un test de puits est celle de l'identification d'un modèle d'interprétation (WTI pour le réservoir, qui soit en accord avec l'ensemble des données connues, et dont la sortie théorique est qualitativement semblable à celle du puits testé. Pour ceci, les ingénieurs de réservoir utilisent habituellement des logiciels WTI qui calculent et tracent la pression de test de puits en fonction du temps. Cela leur permet de diagnostiquer les composantes des modèles WTI à partir de leurs signatures caractéristiques, le diagnostic étant complété par la prise en compte d'informations externes, de géologie ou d'ingénierie. Cet article est consacré à l'utilisation de données externes pour la préselection des modèles WTI, modèles qui peuvent être ensuite validés au moyen de techniques classiques d'analyse de tests de puits. La méthodologie de d

  11. Young Children’s Risk-Taking: Mothers’ Authoritarian Parenting Predicts Risk-Taking by Daughters but Not Sons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin E. Wood

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated how mothers’ parenting behaviors and personal characteristics were related to risk-taking by young children. We tested contrasting predictions from evolutionary and social role theories with the former predicting higher risk-taking by boys compared to girls and the latter predicting that mothers would influence children’s gender role development with risk-taking occurring more in children parented with higher levels of harshness (i.e., authoritarian parenting style. In our study, mothers reported their own gender roles and parenting styles as well as their children’s risk-taking and activities related to gender roles. The results were only partially consistent with the two theories, as the amount of risk-taking by sons and daughters did not differ significantly and risk-taking by daughters, but not sons, was positively related to mothers’ use of the authoritarian parenting style and the girls’ engagement in masculine activities. Risk-taking by sons was not predicted by any combination of mother-related variables. Overall, mothers who were higher in femininity used more authoritative and less authoritarian parenting styles. Theoretical implications as well as implications for predicting and reducing children’s risk-taking are discussed.

  12. Sociosexually unrestricted parents have more sons: a further application of the generalized Trivers-Willard hypothesis (gTWH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, Satoshi; Apari, Péter

    2009-01-01

    The generalized Trivers-Willard hypothesis (gTWH) proposes that parents who possess any heritable trait which increases male reproductive success at a greater rate than female reproductive success in a given environment will have a higher-than-expected offspring sex ratio, and parents who possess any heritable trait which increases the female reproductive success at a greater rate than male reproductive success in a given environment will have a lower-than-expected offspring sex ratio. One heritable trait which increases the reproductive success of sons much more than that of daughters is unrestricted sociosexual orientation. We therefore predict that parents with unrestricted sociosexual orientation (measured by the number of sexual partners, frequency of sex, and attitudes toward relationship commitment and sexual exclusivity) have a higher-than-expected offspring sex ratio (more sons). We analyse the US General Social Surveys and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), both with large nationally representative samples. Our analyses support the prediction from the gTWH. One standard deviation increase in unrestrictedness of sociosexual orientation increases the odds of having a son by 12-19% in the representative American samples.

  13. BALTIMORE’S M.S. LEVY AND SONS: Straw Hat Makers to the World, 1870-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica I. Elfenbein

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available From 1860 to 1960, Baltimore was an important center of the men’s ready-to- wear clothing industries. German-speaking Jews created many businesses that manufactured and sold underwear, men’s suits, and specialty items like hats and umbrellas. The straw hat making firm started by M.S. Levy is an interesting example of a Baltimore-based, family-owned niche business that existedfor 90 years, through three generations ofa singlefamily. The M.S. Levy and Sons story has two main chapters. The first covers the period from its founding by Michael Simon Levy in the 1870s through his son Julius’ death in 1926. This is the story of ascension. A premonition about the coming popularity of straw hats, together with a small but important technological breakthrough, positioned a family and a small industry for significant expansion. The second period began in 1930 with the introduction of wool felt hats and the death of William, M.S. Levy’s oldest son, and includes the Great Depression, unionization, merger, third generation leadership, and finally, in 1959, the family’s withdrawal from the industry. This later period, as told by grandsons of the founder, is the story of struggle followed by decline.

  14. Parental mental health after the accidental death of a son during military service: 23-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, Pål; Heir, Trond; Herlofsen, Pål H; Langsrud, Øyvind; Weisæth, Lars

    2012-01-01

    We prospectively studied parental mental health after suddenly losing a son in a military training accident. Parents (N = 32) were interviewed at 1, 2 and 23 years after the death of their son. The General Health Questionnaire and Expanded Texas Inventory of Grief were self-reported at 1, 2, 5, and 23 years; the Inventory of Complicated Grief was self-reported at 23 years. We observed a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders at 1- and 2-year follow-ups (57% and 45%, respectively), particularly major depression (43% and 31%, respectively). Only one mental disorder was diagnosed at the 23-year follow-up. Grief and psychological distress were highest at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Spouses exhibited a high concordance of psychological distress. Mothers reported more intense grief reactions than did fathers. The loss of a son during military service may have a substantial impact on parental mental health particularly during the first 2 years after death. Spouses' grief can be interrelated and may contribute to their psychological distress.

  15. Femicidio: la forma più estrema di violenza contro le donne / Fémicide : la forme la plus extrême de violence faite aux femmes / Femicide: the most extreme form of violence against women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karadole Cristina

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Femicide, as the extreme form of violence against women, is a little-known phenomenon because of the lack of studies and data collection in Italy. The article provides an overview on the main criminological and feminist international literature in this field and, conceptualising femicide and its different declinations in both feminist and scientific research, highlights particularities of the crime of femicide. The examination of this kind of crime requires a specific approach, different from the one employed for studying most criminal homicide categories, because it is a gender crime, a masculine act arising from power relationships between genders given by the fact that men possess a more dominant role in society. Femicide, in fact, is the final act of the male violence cycle against women, and it is placed at the top of this violence.As the present work argues, and in contrast to public opinion and media representations, this phenomenon neither is a typical behavior of different and foreign cultures, nor may be referred to situations of social disadvantage or cultural marginality, but it is part of “normal” relations and disputes between men and women, such as male violence against women. This means that most situations considered to be quite safe for women can potentially be associated to some risk of becoming a victim. Indeed, femicides are perpetrated at victims’ homes or in their family homes, by male partners.Subsequently, the author analyses both the international literature and Italian data coming from sociological and criminological research.The second part of the article is dedicated to explaining the results of a survey on a sample of articles from newspapers, conducted by the femicide study group of the Antiviolence Centre “Casa delle donne per non subire violenza” of Bologna. This study identifies some of the characteristics of femicides in Italy, the social environment where it occurs, the profile of the authors and of

  16. Effect of Callovo-Oxfordian clay rock on the dissolution rate of the SON68 simulated nuclear waste glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neeway, James J., E-mail: James.Neeway@pnnl.gov [SUBATECH, Unité Mixte de Recherche 6457, École des Mines de Nantes, CNRS/IN2P3, Université de Nantes, BP 20722, 44307 Nantes cedex 3 (France); Abdelouas, Abdesselam; Ribet, Solange; El Mendili, Yassine [SUBATECH, Unité Mixte de Recherche 6457, École des Mines de Nantes, CNRS/IN2P3, Université de Nantes, BP 20722, 44307 Nantes cedex 3 (France); Schumacher, Stéphan [ANDRA, Parc de la Croix Blanche, 1/7 rue Jean Monnet, 92298 Châtenay-Malabry (France); Grambow, Bernd [SUBATECH, Unité Mixte de Recherche 6457, École des Mines de Nantes, CNRS/IN2P3, Université de Nantes, BP 20722, 44307 Nantes cedex 3 (France)

    2015-04-15

    Long-term storage of high-level nuclear waste glass in France is expected to occur in an engineered barrier system (EBS) located in a subsurface Callovo-Oxfordian (COx) clay rock formation in the Paris Basin in northeastern France. Understanding the behavior of glass dissolution in the complex system is critical to be able to reliably model the performance of the glass in this complex environment. To simulate this multi-barrier repository scenario in the laboratory, several tests have been performed to measure glass dissolution rates of the simulated high-level nuclear waste glass, SON68, in the presence of COx claystone at 90 °C. Experiments utilized a High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) pump to pass simulated Bure site COx pore water through a reaction cell containing SON68 placed between two COx claystone cores for durations up to 200 days. Silicon concentrations at the outlet were similar in all experiments, even the blank experiment with only the COx claystone (∼4 mg/L at 25 °C and ∼15 mg/L at 90 °C). The steady-state pH of the effluent, measured at room temperature, was roughly 7.1 for the blank and 7.3–7.6 for the glass-containing experiments demonstrating the pH buffering capacity of the COx claystone. Dissolution rates for SON68 in the presence of the claystone were elevated compared to those obtained from flow-through experiments conducted with SON68 without claystone in silica-saturated solutions at the same temperature and similar pH values. Additionally, through surface examination of the monoliths, the side of the monolith in direct contact with the claystone was seen to have a corrosion thickness 2.5× greater than the side in contact with the bulk glass powder. Results from one experiment containing {sup 32}Si-doped SON68 also suggest that the movement of Si through the claystone is controlled by a chemically coupled transport with a Si retention factor, K{sub d}, of 900 mL/g.

  17. Mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters: gender differences in factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Ellen K; Koo, Helen P

    2010-12-14

    In the United States, nearly half of high school students are sexually active, and adolescents experience high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Parents can have an important influence on their children's sexual behaviour, but many parents do not talk with their children about sexual topics. Research has shown significant differences in parent-child communication about sexual topics depending on the gender of both the parent and the child. Little is known, however, about the reasons for these gender differences. The purpose of this paper is to describe how factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics differ by gender. Data are from a nationwide online survey with 829 fathers and 1,113 mothers of children aged 10 to 14. For each of the four gender groups (fathers of sons, fathers of daughters, mothers of sons, mothers of daughters), we calculated the distribution of responses to questions assessing (1) parent-child communication about sex-related topics, and (2) factors associated with that communication. We used chi-square tests to determine whether the distributions differed and the false discovery rate control to reduce the likelihood of type I errors. With both sons and daughters, fathers communicated less about sexual topics than mothers did. Fathers also had lower levels of many characteristics that facilitate communication about sex (e.g., lower self-efficacy and lower expectations that talking to their children about sex would have positive outcomes). Compared with parents of sons, parents of daughters (both mothers and fathers) talked more about sexual topics, were more concerned about potential harmful consequences of sexual activity, and were more disapproving of their child having sex at an early age. Using a large national sample, this study confirms findings from previous studies showing gender differences in parent-child communication about sexual topics and identifies gender differences in

  18. Mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters: gender differences in factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koo Helen P

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the United States, nearly half of high school students are sexually active, and adolescents experience high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Parents can have an important influence on their children's sexual behaviour, but many parents do not talk with their children about sexual topics. Research has shown significant differences in parent-child communication about sexual topics depending on the gender of both the parent and the child. Little is known, however, about the reasons for these gender differences. The purpose of this paper is to describe how factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics differ by gender. Methods Data are from a nationwide online survey with 829 fathers and 1,113 mothers of children aged 10 to 14. For each of the four gender groups (fathers of sons, fathers of daughters, mothers of sons, mothers of daughters, we calculated the distribution of responses to questions assessing (1 parent-child communication about sex-related topics, and (2 factors associated with that communication. We used chi-square tests to determine whether the distributions differed and the false discovery rate control to reduce the likelihood of type I errors. Results With both sons and daughters, fathers communicated less about sexual topics than mothers did. Fathers also had lower levels of many characteristics that facilitate communication about sex (e.g., lower self-efficacy and lower expectations that talking to their children about sex would have positive outcomes. Compared with parents of sons, parents of daughters (both mothers and fathers talked more about sexual topics, were more concerned about potential harmful consequences of sexual activity, and were more disapproving of their child having sex at an early age. Conclusions Using a large national sample, this study confirms findings from previous studies showing gender differences in parent

  19. Simulation du mouvement humain en vue d'applications ergonomiques - Vers une approche de simulation basée sur données et assistée par connaissances

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, X

    2003-01-01

    Le mannequin numérique, comme outil de conception, a pour objectif de permettre aux ingénieurs de prendre en compte des facteurs humains dans la conception de produits ou de postes de travail. Il doit être capable de représenter le futur opérateur ou l'utilisateur du produit, de simuler son activité, d'évaluer ses interactions avec son environnement et d'en déduire des informations sur les astreintes subies. Si les avancées technologiques, notamment dans le domaine informatique, permettent un...

  20. Le donne dei principi nel Lazio protostorico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilda Bartoloni

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the role of women in the societies of ancient Latium. In this contribution many cases of burials are presented to illuminate the importance of their role. The analysis of these burials, in terms of grave goods and their setting within the grave, is carried out in comparison with  Etruscan and other pre-Roman areas and with attention to Greek and Roman literary sources, in order to present some specific aspects and activities that involved women in the aristocratic society of the Orientalizing period.

  1. Quand la musique donne le ton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    Le lycée Sainte-Anne de Copenhague est un établissement réputé pour les résultats de ses élèves et pour être le foyer d’une intense tradition chorale et musicologique. L’article interroge les parcours de 32 élèves d’une même classe, tous reçus au baccalauréat 2014 avec une option musique et mathé...... de comprendre cette coexistence entre musique et éducation, la relation entre « individu » et « communauté » est examinée et la notion de « culture » désigne le point d’articulation qui peut rendre compte de la dynamique pédagogique en question....

  2. Sons & Lumieres / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2004-01-01

    Näitus "Hääl ja valgus" Pariisi Pompidou keskuses 22. IX 2004-3. I 2005. Väljas on 99 kunstniku (Paul Klee, Frantishek Kupka, Vassili Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Raoul Hausmann, Bill Viola, Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Beuys, Rodney Graham jne.) tööd ajavahemikust 1910-2004. Kuraatorid Sophie Duplaix ja Marcella Lista

  3. Son los latinos estadounidenses?

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Mariano

    2009-01-01

    En el año 2050 la población blanca no latina de Estados Unidos sumará el 46% del total de los ciudadanos de ese país. Para entonces, la población latina, negra y asiática combinada representará el 54%. En ese horizonte que predicen los cálculos oficiales, los latinos habrán crecido en un 15%, pasando de los 47 millones que viven ahora EEUU a 133 millones. Mientras que los latinos y los asiáticos (de 16 millones a 41 millones para entonces) no pararán de crecer, las poblaciones blanca y negra ...

  4. "Daughter and son: a completely different story”? Gender as a moderator of the relationship between sexism and parental attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Lipowska

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background During childhood, parents are the first and most important individuals who form the base of the content of gender stereotypes in children. A parent’s expectations about the extent a child’s behaviour should be line with gender stereotypes also depends on the intensity of a parent’s sexism. A parent’s sexism may be exhibited in parental attitudes. Hence, in our study we analysed the relationship between parental ambivalent sexism and parental attitudes within dyads of mothers and fathers with a special focus on the role of the gender of both parents and children. Participants and procedure Two hundred and ninety-four couples of parents of five-year-olds (153 girls, 141 boys participated. The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI was used to measure levels of sexism, and the Parental Attitudes Scale (SPR was used to assess parental attitudes. Results In terms of the profile of parental attitudes, regardless of the child’s sex, mothers and fathers scored highest for inconsequent and demanding attitudes, and lowest for overprotective and autonomy attitudes. The child’s sex is also not important for the overall levels of parents’ sexism – fathers exhibit higher levels of hostile sexism in comparison to mothers. Only the mothers’ education level is important for levels of sexism – women with higher education exhibited the lowest levels of hostile sexism. The child’s sex moderates relationships between parents’ sexism and parental attitudes. In the case of mothers of sons, the intensity of benevolent sexism is negatively related to overprotective and demanding attitudes. The more educated the mothers of sons, the more demanding they were. For fathers of sons, the inconsequence attitude increases under the influence of both hostile and benevolent sexism. Among fathers of daughters, hostile sexism strengthens the overprotective attitude, while levels of both benevolent and hostile sexism as well as education influence the

  5. Activation and transfer of sulfate in biological systems (1960); Activation biologique du sulfate et son transfert (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapeville, F [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    It examines in this review the successive stages of active sulfate formation and its role in biological synthesis of sulfuric esters. The possible role of active sulfate as intermediary in sulfate reduction is also discussed. (author) [French] On examine dans cette etude les stades successifs de la mise en evidence du sulfate actif, son role dans la formation des esters sulfuriques de natures diverses, ainsi que sa participation eventuelle comme intermediaire au cours de la reduction du sulfate. On decrit aussi un procede de preparation du systeme biologique, generateur du sulfate actif et une methode de synthese chimique. (auteur)

  6. La comprensión del relato periodístico: ¿qué son los hechos?

    OpenAIRE

    Saharrea, Juan Manuel

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo echar luz acerca de la comprensión del relato periodístico planteando el debate filosófico acerca del estatus de los hechos. Tomando algunas distinciones de la filosofía del lenguaje y la epistemología contemporáneas definimos nuestra propia posición en relación con los hechos. De acuerdo con nuestra perspectiva los hechos, no son, bajo ningún aspecto, independientes de descripción. Planteamos las tesis del realismo y el relativismo en torno a los hechos y de cada ...

  7. ¿Mejora la calidad de vida de pacientes con EPOC si son tratados por las enfermeras?

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Ramírez, Francisco Antonio; Quero Fuentes, María del Mar

    2015-01-01

    Cartel presentado en la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Comunicación en Salud, celebrada el 23 de octubre de 2015 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Introducción: la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), afecta a la calidad de vida (CV) de las personas y origina la necesidad de acciones adicionales de autocuidado. Objetivo: conocer si existe mejora en la calidad de vida en los pacientes con EPOC que son atendidos por enfermeras. Metodología: este estudio se basa en un di...

  8. Occult knowledge and sacred geometry. A new interpretation of a portrait of Rubens and his son from the Hermitage Museum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Esposito

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the diversity and complexity of Rubens’s humanist interests and illustrates his appropriation of learned and esoteric knowledge, by discussing the anonymous painting in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg in which Rubens is portrayed together with his son Albert. This portrait also depicts a sculpture from Rubens’s collection, that of Hecate Triformis, who in antiquity was considered to be a goddess of the underworld. By focusing on the books, manuscripts, Gnostic gems, and the Hecate statue from the artist’s collections, this paper will provide a new iconographic analysis of the Hermitage painting.

  9. Indicadores regionales de desarrollo sustentable en Chile: ¿Hasta qué punto son útiles y necesarios?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Blanco

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Cada vez más necesitamos maneras de asegurar patrones de desarrollo que sean sustentables, es decir, que sean ambiental, social y económicamente apropiados para nosotros y para las generaciones venideras. Los indicadores de desarrollo sustentable son una herramienta promisoria que permitiría "aterrizar" el concepto de sustentabilidad, apoyando la manera en que se toman las decisiones. En Chile existen pocas experiencias sobre el tema. Este artículo presenta el trabajo realizado para desarrollar indicadores de desarrollo sustentable en cuatro regiones del país. El artículo se centra en las lecciones que han surgido de la experiencia

  10. ¿Son útiles las “métricas espaciales fragstats” para caracterizar entornos de movilidad urbanos?

    OpenAIRE

    Arranz, Aldo; Soria-Lara, Julio Alberto; Aguilera Benavente, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de alcanzar una mayor sostenibilidad ambiental en la planificación del transporte urbano ha sido una de las principales razones del desarrollo de conceptos, métodos y herramientas orientadas a vincular de manera efectiva la estructura urbana y el sistema de transporte. En este contexto, surgen los “entornos de movilidad” como instrumentos integrados de planificación con éxitos notables en diferentes ámbitos escalares y contextuales. Los “entornos de movilidad” son concebidos como ...

  11. Kinematics of semiclassical spin and spin fiber bundle associated with so(n) Lie-Poisson manifold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deriglazov, A A

    2013-01-01

    We describe geometric construction underlying the Lagrangian actions for non-Grassmann spinning particles proposed in our recent works. If we discard the spatial variables (the case of frozen spin), the problem reduces to formulation of a variational problem for Hamiltonian system on a manifold with so(n) Lie-Poisson bracket. To achieve this, we identify dynamical variables of the problem with coordinates of the base of a properly constructed fiber bundle. In turn, the fiber bundle is embedded as a surface into the phase space equipped with canonical Poisson bracket. This allows us to formulate the variational problem using the standard methods of Dirac theory for constrained systems.

  12. Motion Sickness: Significance in Aerospace Operations and Prophylaxis (Le Mal des Transports: Son Importance pour les Operations Aerospatiales et Prophylaxies)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    a range of complex mental reactions including fatigue, drowsiness, poor motivation for work, and depression. 2-20 AUTONOMIC-STRESS REACTIONS It is... rmotions at. 12 ]I;?, z., - 0.19 aInds. 1 J’( tnlro i’, "- 0.5’t, arid P:. -- 0.81 Yiv irq i (It ’’ti tied IttI’ Intill ltk e’r- I rtr’dc’nc" cit 46...cindtoses modifior son comporteomnt at sm motivation par rapport it lora do IPanirsinamant on Icola do pilotage cat I. taux do tnae situation

  13. Sexual imprinting on continuous variation: do female zebra finches prefer or avoid unfamiliar sons of their foster parents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schielzeth, H; Burger, C; Bolund, E; Forstmeier, W

    2008-09-01

    Sexual imprinting on discrete variation that serves the identification of species, morphs or sexes is well documented. By contrast, sexual imprinting on continuous variation leading to individual differences in mating preferences within a single species, morph and sex has been studied only once (in humans). We measured female preferences in a captive population of wild-type zebra finches. Individual cross-fostering ensured that all subjects grew up with unrelated foster parents and nest mates. Females from two cohorts (N = 113) were given a simultaneous choice between (two or four) unfamiliar males, one of which was a genetic son of their foster parents (SFP). We found no significant overall preference for the SFP (combined effect size d = 0.14 +/- 0.15). Additionally, we tested if foster parent traits could potentially explain between-female variation in preferences. However, neither the effectiveness of cooperation between the parents nor male contribution to parental care affected female preferences for the son of the foster father. We conclude that at least in zebra finches sexual imprinting is not a major source of between-individual variation in mating preferences.

  14. Application of the GRAAL model to leaching experiments with SON68 nuclear glass in initially pure water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frugier, P.; Chave, T.; Gin, S.; Lartigue, J.-E.

    2009-01-01

    Based on a review of the current state of knowledge concerning the aqueous alteration of SON68 nuclear glass we have proposed a mechanistic model, GRAAL (Glass Reactivity with Allowance for the Alteration Layer) [P. Frugier, S. Gin, Y. Minet, T. Chave, B. Bonin, N. Godon, J.E. Lartigue, P. Jollivet, A. Ayral, L. De Windt, G. Santarini, J. Nucl. Mater. 380 (2008) 8]. This article describes how the GRAAL model hypotheses are solved using a calculation code coupling chemistry and transport. The geochemical solution of this model combines three major phenomena: chemical equilibria in solution, water and ion transport by convection or diffusion, and element diffusion through the passivating reactive interphase. The model results are compared with experimental data for SON68 glass leached in initially pure water both in a closed system and in renewed media. The comparison shows the model very satisfactorily accounts for variations in the pH and the element concentrations in solution as a function of time, the glass surface area in contact with solution, and the solution renewal rate. This success is due to the fact that the diffusion of elements through the alteration gel is taken into account in the model. This mechanism cannot be disregarded under most experimental conditions - if only to predict the solution pH - and must therefore be an integral part of the geochemical model.

  15. Bad Boys Meet the Swan of Avon: A Re-Visioning of Hamlet in Sons of Anarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burzyńska Katarzyna

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the intersections between Shakespeare’s Hamlet and a popular TV series Sons of Anarchy (SOA, loosely based on the Shakespearean original. The crime drama series revolves around an outlaw motorcycle club that literally “rules” a fictional town in California like an old royal family with its own brutal dynastic power squabbles and dark family secrets. The club is governed by an unscrupulous President Clay and an equally violent, though more conflicted, Vice President Jax Teller, the son of the late President, who had died in mysterious circumstances. In the article I argue that the popularity of the series lies not in its graphic scenes of violence, over-the-top Harley chases, and sex intrigues, but rather in its Shakespearean and Renaissance structure. SOA, dubbed as “Hamlet on Harleys”1, is an appropriation rather than an adaptation of Shakespeare’s tragedy, which makes it a truly transmedial phenomenon. The article investigates a fascinating blend of seemingly marginal elements of modern American culture and the canonical British tragedy. It also addresses the connections between the lifestyles of the so called outlaw MC clubs and the early modern family structure as presented in Hamlet, focusing on the issues of power and gender relations.

  16. Acceptability of the human papillomavirus vaccine and reasons for non-vaccination among parents of adolescent sons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahue, Kelly L; Stupiansky, Nathan W; Alexander, Andreia B; Zimet, Gregory D

    2014-06-30

    Routine administration of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been recommended for 11-12-year-old males since 2011, but coverage remains low. In a U.S. national sample of parents of 11-17-year-old males (n=779), 78.6% of parents reported their sons had not received the HPV vaccine. The most common reason for non-vaccination (56.7%) was "My doctor or healthcare provider has not recommended it." Parents citing only logistical reasons for non-vaccination (e.g., lack of recommendation, access, or education, n=384) reported significantly higher vaccine acceptability than parents reporting a combination of attitudinal (e.g., concerns about vaccine safety or efficacy) and logistical barriers (n=92), while parents citing only attitudinal barriers (n=73) reported the lowest level of vaccine acceptability. In sum, many parents are willing but have not vaccinated sons due to logistical barriers, most commonly lack of healthcare provider recommendation. These findings have important implications for increasing HPV vaccination coverage among adolescent males. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. ¿Qué hogares colombianos son pobres? una aproximación desde la ECV del 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Carolina Silva Arias

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analizó los conceptos y medidas de pobreza. A partir de esta perspectiva, se estudió quiénes son pobres en Colombia y qué características de los hogares determinan dicha condición para el 2003. A partir de la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida, se realizó un análisis logit para identifi car y medir la incidencia de algunos factores en la probabilidad de que un hogar sea clasifi cado como pobre. Estas estimaciones mostraron que los hogares que tienen más probabilidad de considerarse como pobres son aquellos en los que los jefes de hogar eran analfabetas, mujeres, los que se ocuparon en labores agrícolas o que hacían parte de alguna etnia. Adicionalmente, se encontró que los hogares que tenían menores de 12 años tuvieron más de probabilidad de ser pobres. Finalmente, los hogares cuyo jefe de hogar tenía mayor nivel educativo, tenían menor probabilidad de ser pobres, siendo mayor el efecto educativo de su cónyuge.

  18. Expression of multiple sexual signals by fathers and sons in the East-Mediterranean barn swallow: are advertising strategies heritable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vortman, Yoni; Safran, Rebecca J; Reiner Brodetzki, Tali; Dor, Roi; Lotem, Arnon

    2015-01-01

    The level of expression of sexually selected traits is generally determined by genes, environment and their interaction. In species that use multiple sexual signals which may be costly to produce, investing in the expression of one sexual signal may limit the expression of the other, favoring the evolution of a strategy for resource allocation among signals. As a result, even when the expression of sexual signals is condition dependent, the relative level of expression of each signal may be heritable. We tested this hypothesis in the East-Mediterranean barn swallow (Hirundo rustica transitiva), in which males have been shown to express two uncorrelated sexual signals: red-brown ventral coloration, and long tail streamers. We show that variation in both signals may partially be explained by age, as well as by paternal origin (genetic father-son regressions), but that the strongest similarity between fathers and sons is the relative allocation towards one trait or the other (relative expression index), rather than the expression of the traits themselves. These results suggest that the expression of one signal is not independent of the other, and that genetic strategies for resource allocation among sexual signals may be selected for during the evolution of multiple sexual signals.

  19. A novel mutation (C1425Y) in the FBN2 gene in a father and son with congenital contractural arachnodactyly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying; Lei, Yun-Ping; Zheng, Hong-Xiang; Wang, Wei; Cheng, Hong-Bo; Zhang, Jing; Wang, Hong-Yan; Jin, Li; Li, Hong

    2009-06-01

    Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (Beals syndrome) is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by flexion contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and mild muscular hypoplasia. Here, a father and son with congenital contractural arachnodactyly features were identified. After sequencing 15 exons (22 to 36) of the FBN2 gene, a novel mutation (C1425Y) was found in exon 33. This de novo mutation presented first in the father and was transmitted to his son, but not in the other 14 unaffected family members and 365 normal people. The C1425Y mutation occurs at the 19th cbEGF domain. Cysteines in this cbEGF domain are rather conserved in species, from human down to ascidian. The cbEGF12-13 in human FBN1 was employed as the template to perform homology modeling of cbEGF18-19 of human FBN2 protein. The mutation has also been evaluated by further prediction tools, for example, SIFT, Blosum62, biochemical Yu's matrice, and UMD-Predictor tool. In all analysis, the mutation is predicted to be pathogenic. Thus, the structure destabilization by C1425Y might be the cause of the disorder.

  20. (Alpha, gamma) irradiation effect on the alteration of high-level radioactive wastes matrices (UO2, hollandite, glass SON68)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suzuki, T.

    2007-06-01

    The aim of this work is to determine the effect of irradiation on the alteration of high level nuclear waste forms matrices. The matrices investigated are UO 2 to simulate the spent fuel, the hollandite for the specific conditioning of Cs, and the inactive glass SON68 representing the nuclear glass R7T7) The alpha irradiation experiments on UO 2 colloids in aqueous carbonate media have enabled to distinguish between the oxidation of UO 2 matrix as initial and dissolution as subsequent step. The simultaneous presence of carbonate and H 2 O 2 (product resulting from water radiolysis) increased the dissolution rate of UO 2 to its maximum value governed by the oxidation rate. ii) The study of hollandite alteration under gamma irradiation confirmed the good retention capacity for Cs and Ba. Gamma irradiation had brought only a little influence on releasing of Cs and Ba in solution. Electronic irradiation had conducted to the amorphization of the hollandite only for a dose 1000 times higher than the auto-induced dose of Ba over millions of years. iii) The experiences of glass irradiation under alpha beam and of helium implantation in the glass SON68 were analyzed by positon annihilation spectroscopy. No effect has been observed on the solid surface for an irradiation dose equal to 1000 years of storage. (author)

  1. When mothers make sons sexy: maternal effects contribute to the increased sexual attractiveness of extra-pair offspring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschirren, Barbara; Postma, Erik; Rutstein, Alison N; Griffith, Simon C

    2012-03-22

    Quality differences between offspring sired by the social and by an extra-pair partner are usually assumed to have a genetic basis, reflecting genetic benefits of female extra-pair mate choice. In the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), we identified a colour ornament that is under sexual selection and appears to have a heritable basis. Hence, by engaging in extra-pair copulations with highly ornamented males, females could, in theory, obtain genes for increased offspring attractiveness. Indeed, sons sired by extra-pair partners had larger ornaments, seemingly supporting the genetic benefit hypothesis. Yet, when comparing ornament size of the social and extra-pair partners, there was no difference. Hence, the observed differences most likely had an environmental basis, mediated, for example, via differential maternal investment of resources into the eggs fertilized by extra-pair and social partners. Such maternal effects may (at least partly) be mediated by egg size, which we found to be associated with mean ornament expression in sons. Our results are consistent with the idea that maternal effects can shape sexual selection by altering the genotype-phenotype relationship for ornamentation. They also caution against automatically attributing greater offspring attractiveness or viability to an extra-pair mate's superior genetic quality, as without controlling for differential maternal investment we may significantly overestimate the role of genetic benefits in the evolution of extra-pair mating behaviour.

  2. Le corps numérique des données The Digital Body of Data: the Transfer of Artefact Fact Sheets from the Museum of Man to the Musée du quai Branly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Nicoletta Beltrame

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le transfert des collections extra-européennes du musée de l’Homme au musée du quai Branly implique le déplacement des informations documentaires sur les objets. Des différentes fiches en papier (de collection ou d’inventaire, descriptive de l’objet, méthodique créées et classées au sein des départements du musée de l’Homme, on passe à la fiche informatique « TMS objets » au musée du quai Branly. L’information ne change pas simplement de place et de matière, elle est reconfigurée dans de nouvelles articulations du savoir sur les collections. L’inventaire muséal est ici conçu comme le système qui matérialise un savoir structuré. Pour pouvoir analyser ce système, il faut mettre en relation les propriétés des documents et les modalités de leur classement dans un espace créé ad hoc. La matérialité des supports, les multiples possibilités de rangements et de création de liens (la mise en relations entre rubriques de la fiche informatique agissent sur le contenu des données et ouvrent ainsi de nouvelles voies pour la construction du savoir.The transfer of extra-European collections from the Museum of Man to the Musée du quai Branly involves the displacement of documentary information on the artefacts. The various paper files (on collections or inventory, descriptive of the object, methodological created and classified within different departments of the Museum of Man are being replaced by digital files, or “TMS objects”, at the Musée du quai Branly. The information is not simply changing its location and material, it is being reconfigured within new interconnections of knowledge on the collections. The museum inventory is here conceived as the system that materialises a structured knowledge. To be able to analyse this system, it is necessary to link the documents’ properties to the methods used to classify them in an ad hoc space. The materiality of the media, the multiple possibilities for

  3. Les déterminants de la demande de soins prénataux en République démocratique du Congo: Approche par données de comptage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger T. Nanfosso

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Contexte: Dans le contexte global des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (dont deux traitent de la santé maternelle et infantile, la question de la santé des femmes en général et des mères en particulier est un élément important dans la lutte contre la pauvreté. Bienque les institutions internationales qui s’occupent de cette question recommandent au moins quatre visites prénatales au cours de la grossesse, on observe que seulement 47% des mères se conforment à cette recommandation en République démocratique du Congo (RDC. Cette insuffisance justifie que l’on s’intéresse aux facteurs qui expliquent la demande de soins prénataux dans ce pays, d’autant plus qu’il n’existe aucune étude sur ce sujet en RDC. Objectifs: L’objectif de cette étude est alors d’identifier et d’analyser par une approche générale, les principaux facteurs qui déterminent la demande de soins de santé prénataux en République démocratique du Congo. Méthode: La méthode que nous utilisons pour cet objectif est articulée autour des données de comptage. Outre le modèle de Poisson et le modèle binomial négatif, une régression desquantiles est élaborée afin d’examiner l’hétérogénéité de la demande de soins prénataux. Les données utilisées sont celles de l’Enquête Démographique et de Santé réalisée en 2007 dans le pays. Résultats: Les résultats obtenus indiquent que les facteurs pertinents qui influencent la demande de soins prénataux en RDC sont l’éducation, la religion, la maladie et les avortements passés, la lecture permanente de la presse écrite, et la souscription à une mutuelle de santé. Conclusion: Les résultats obtenus peuvent contribuer à élaborer une meilleure politique d’incitations et de prise en charge des mères. Les ménages pauvres devraient bénéficier deplus d’attention et les stratégies de sensibilisation devraient prendre en compte la religion des mères et leur

  4. Estimation of Lithofacies Proportions Using Well and Well Test Data Estimation des proportions lithologiques à partir des données de puits et d'essais de puits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanc G.

    2006-12-01

    èles lithologiques de réservoirs. Ces méthodes consistent à estimer dans un premier temps les proportions (ou probabilités de faciès et ensuite, à construire des modèles en faciès par troncature d'une fonction aléatoire gaussienne selon les proportions de faciès (ou par tirage au sort selon les probabilités de faciès. La validité d'un modèle ainsi construit dépend fortement de l'exactitude des proportions (ou probabilités de faciès estimées. En cas de données de puits peu nombreuses, la prise en compte d'autres sources d'informations (connaissance géologique, sismique, essais de puits et historique de production peut améliorer l'estimation des proportions. Dans ce travail, on s'intéresse, en particulier, à l'intégration des données de puits et d'essais de puits dans l'estimation des proportions (ou probabilités de faciès. Une méthode, appelée krigeage itératif sous contraintes d'agrégation (KISCA, est proposée pour estimer les proportions de faciès dans l'aire d'investigation des essais de puits. KISCA consiste à krigerconjointement les proportions de tous les faciès dans une aire d'investigation de façon à ce que la perméabilité apparente de l'essai de puits soit respectée via une formule de moyenne en puissance des perméabilités absolues des faciès. En cas d'essais de puits multiples, une procédure itérative est utilisée afin de prendre en compte leur interaction. De simples exemples numériques sont présentés pour illustrer les comportements de la méthode proposée. Pour tester la validité de cette méthode, un réservoir synthétique en faciès est construit et une simulation d'essai de puits est effectuée. La comparaison entre les proportions expérimentales et estimées montre la validité de la méthode proposée. La stabilité numérique et le temps de calcul de cette méthode est comparable au krigeage classique. Les corrélations entre faciès sont partiellement prises en compte par l'introduction des contraintes d

  5. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV : unusual congenital anomalies in a mother and son with a COL3A1 mutation and a normal collagen III protein profile

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroes, HY; Pals, G; van Essen, AJ

    A mother and son with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV and unusual congenital anomalies are described. The congenital anomalies include, in the mother, amniotic band-like constrictions on one hand, a unilateral clubfoot, and macrocephaly owing to normal-pressure hydrocephaly and, in the son, an

  6. L'enquista de literatura orala e son contèxte au sègle XX

    OpenAIRE

    Bouvier, Jean-Claude

    2014-01-01

    Après lei folcloristas dau sègle dètz-e-nòu, lo moviment de recèrca sus la literatura orala es contunhat ò puslèu représ a partir deis annadas 1960, dins de condicions que pòdon èstre dichas mai marridas, mai de tot biais nòvas. Dison generalament que la tradicion orala es avanida, çò qu'es verai en partida per lo conte meravilhós. Mai es verai pasmens que de tròç entiers de literatura orala son restats vius (n'en tornarai parlar dins un moment) e es verai tanben que de fòrmas novas de tradic...

  7. Introducing SONS, a tool for operational taxonomic unit-based comparisons of microbial community memberships and structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schloss, Patrick D; Handelsman, Jo

    2006-10-01

    The recent advent of tools enabling statistical inferences to be drawn from comparisons of microbial communities has enabled the focus of microbial ecology to move from characterizing biodiversity to describing the distribution of that biodiversity. Although statistical tools have been developed to compare community structures across a phylogenetic tree, we lack tools to compare the memberships and structures of two communities at a particular operational taxonomic unit (OTU) definition. Furthermore, current tests of community structure do not indicate the similarity of the communities but only report the probability of a statistical hypothesis. Here we present a computer program, SONS, which implements nonparametric estimators for the fraction and richness of OTUs shared between two communities.

  8. SON68 nuclear glass dissolution kinetics: Current state of knowledge and basis of the new GRAAL model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frugier, P. [CEA Marcoule, DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze cedex (France)], E-mail: pierre.frugier@cea.fr; Gin, S.; Minet, Y.; Chave, T. [CEA Marcoule, DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze cedex (France); Bonin, B. [CEA Saclay, DEN/DIR/DS, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France); Godon, N.; Lartigue, J.-E.; Jollivet, P. [CEA Marcoule, DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze cedex (France); Ayral, A. [IEM/CNRS-ENSCM Universite Montpellier 2, CC 047, Place Eugene Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier cedex 5 (France); De Windt, L. [ENSMP, CG, 35 rue St Honore, 77305 Fontainebleau cedex (France); Santarini, G. [CEA Saclay HC/CAB, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex (France)

    2008-10-15

    This article summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning aqueous alteration of R7T7-type nuclear containment glasses, represented mainly by the inactive reference glass designated SON68. Based on this review, we propose to describe the glass alteration kinetics up to and including the final residual rate regime by means of a new mechanistic model known as GRAAL (glassreactivitywithallowanceforthealterationlayer). Phenomenological analysis findings are reviewed for the various glass alteration regimes: interdiffusion, initial rate, rate drop, residual rate and, under very particular circumstances, resumption of alteration. These alteration regimes are associated with predominant mechanisms. Published work interpreting and modeling these mechanisms was examined in detail. There is a broad consensus on the general mechanisms of the initial rate and even the interdiffusion regime, whereas the mechanisms controlling the rate drop remain a subject of dispute not only with regard to nuclear glasses but also for the dissolution of silicate minerals. The reaction affinity responsible for the rate drop is expressed differently by different authors and depending on the underlying theories. The disagreement concerns the nature of the phase (glass or gel) or the activated complex controlling the rate drop, which in turn determines the elements that must be taken into account in the overall affinity term. Progress in recent years, especially in identifying the mechanisms responsible for the residual rate, has shed new light on these issues, allowing us to propose new theoretical foundations for modeling the different kinetic regimes of SON68 nuclear glass dissolution. The GRAAL model considers that water diffusion in the passivating reaction zone (the gel formed under saturation conditions) is a rate-limiting step in the overall glass dissolution kinetics. Moreover, this passivation zone is a soluble phase whose stability is directly dependent on the nature of the

  9. Utilização de manipueira juntamente com sólidos da cama de aviário em biodigestores para geração de biogás / Use of cassava wastewater with solid poultry manure in anaerobic digesters to generate biogas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Beatryz Prenzier Suzuki

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoA reciclagem energética de resíduos pode ser feita com o objetivo de geração de calor ou de gás combustível. Assim, este trabalho buscou viabilizar a utilização do resíduo chamado manipueira juntamente com os sólidos da cama de aviário evidenciando o potencial deste para a obtenção de biogás por meio de biodigestores. Foi desenvolvido para esse experimento um sistema exclusivo de biodigestão de biomassa formados por biodigestores batelada e gasômetros de cúpula móvel. Os resultados obtidos mostram que a cama de frango apresenta uma boa produção de biogás. A manipueira não foi obteve sucesso na mistura, pois fez com que a qualidade e quantidade do gás caíssem de acordo com o aumento na mistura.AbstractThe recycling of waste can be made for the purpose of generating heat or gas fuel. Thus, this project seeks to enable the use of cassava wastewater with poultry litter, emphasizing its potentiality for biogas production through anaerobic digesters. To accomplish this experiment a unique biomass digestion system formed of batch digesters and mobile gasometers was developed. The preliminary results showed that poultry litter offers a good production of biogas, but cassava wastewaters were not a good mixing option, because it affects adversely both the quantity and the quality of the biogas production.

  10. ‘Unkind and cruel, to deceive your Son | In borrow’d Shapes, and his Embrace to shun’: Mother-son love in T. S. Eliot’s ‘La Figlia Che Piange’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Geary

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available T. S. Eliot's "La Figlia Che Piange" (1916 is a curious anomaly in his early works. It stands out as a love poem of outstanding grace portraying a more positive relationship to the feminine compared to other poems contemporaneous with its writing such as "The Love Song of St. Sebastian" (1914 and "Hysteria" (1915. This essay shows the import of Eliot's chosen epigraph for "La Figlia" taken from Virgil's Aeneid to have been largely neglected or misread by critics. As a consequence, it argues that critical readings have crucially missed the presence of a shrouded maternal aspect within the poem. Through the lens of Lacanian psychoanalysis and the work of adherents to Lacanian theory — such as Bruce Fink, Shoshana Felman and Slavoj Zizek — this paper newly argues that the poem's meditation on the issues of union and separation between two lovers is in fact a screen for deeper unconscious ambivalent feelings between mother and son. That is to say, Eliot's "La Figlia Che Piange" shows a failed attempt to reconstruct, traverse and separate from the "fundamental fantasy" unconsciously orientating the male speaker of the poem and his desire.

  11. La vente des biens nationaux à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, nouvelle donne pour la ville The sale of national assets at the end of the 18th century – a gift to the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Antoine

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available À la fin de l’Ancien Régime, les villes des Pays-Bas gardaient les traits de villes médiévales sans ordre et faites d’entrelacs de rues et de ruelles. Le caractère corporatif de la production limitait la présence de grands ensembles industriels et les couvents et leurs jardins occupaient une grande partie de la superficie intra et extra muros des cités. Par ailleurs, l’Église était propriétaire d’un important parc immobilier de petites demeures adossées à des églises jusqu’aux importants refuges d’abbayes dominant dans les campagnes de vastes espaces fonciers. Durant la deuxième moitié du xviiie, les autorités habsbourgeoises menèrent une politique tendant à moderniser les villes en faisant, en autres, tomber les enceintes et en donnant une nouvelle affectation aux couvents contemplatifs supprimés. La Révolution française bouleversa ces ensembles urbains en libérant d’un coup une masse très importante de biens immobiliers qui appartenait à l’Église et en modifiant radicalement les modes de production par la suppression des corporations de métiers. La bourgeoisie principalement négociante réussi habilement tirer tous les profits de cette nouvelle donne. Cet effet d’aubaine contribua grandement à faire passer nos régions dans un nouveau stade de leur démarrage industriel.At the end of the Ancien Régime, the towns of the Netherlands retained the characteristics of medieval towns, without any order and consisting of warrens of streets and alleys. The corporative nature of production limited the presence of major industrial complexes and the monasteries and convents, together with their gardens, covered a large part of the urban areas both within and outside city walls. In addition, the church had important property holdings, ranging from small residential properties attached to churches to major abbey residences dominating vast countryside estates. During the second half of the 18th century, the

  12. Knowledge of carrier status and barriers to testing among mothers of sons with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogue, Lauren; Peay, Holly; Martin, Ann; Lucas, Ann; Ramchandren, Sindhu

    2016-12-01

    Our study objective was to survey female carriers for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy to identify barriers to carrier testing and the impact of carrier risk knowledge on cardiac and reproductive health management. We surveyed women who have or had biological sons with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy and were enrolled in the US DuchenneConnect patient registry, with questions assessing knowledge of carrier status and recurrence risk, knowledge of care standards for carriers, and barriers to testing. Of the 182 eligible respondents, 25% did not know their carrier status and 14% incorrectly classified themselves as not at risk. Cost of testing was the most commonly identified barrier to testing. Women reporting unknown carrier status were 13 times as likely to express uncertainty regarding their recurrence risk compared to women reporting positive carrier status. 37% of women at an increased risk for cardiomyopathy had never had an echocardiogram. Women who were certain of their positive carrier status were twice as likely to have had an echocardiogram in the last five years compared to women with unknown carrier status. Future research on reducing barriers to counseling and carrier testing, such as cost, may improve care standard adherence. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. ¿SON EFECTIVOS LOS CONSEJOS DE ADMINISTRACIÓN? LA EFICACIA DEL CONSEJO Y LOS RESULTADOS DE LA EMPRESA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barroso Castro, C.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerosos trabajos han estudiado la influencia del consejo de administración en las decisiones y resultados de sus empresas. No obstante, la enorme popularidad alcanzada en el campo del gobierno corporativo por estos estudios, no viene acompañada por sus resultados, que han sido ambiguos y, a veces, conflictivos En esta investigación proponemos que la efectividad de los consejos depende de las experiencias y conocimientos de los consejeros que lo conforman, así como de la estructura de estos consejos. Entendemos que ambas dimensiones (composición y estructura no son “por si” suficientes para el logro de consejos plenamente efectivos, pero si se definen como elementos necesarios para ello. Desde nuestra perspectiva, constituyen el potencial que permitirá lograr una adecuada capacidad estratégica por parte del consejo. Nuestros resultados muestran la importancia de las variables que conforman la estructura y composición del consejo (tamaño del consejo, permanencia, experiencia de los consejeros a la hora de explicar los resultados empresariales.

  14. Precios de los medicamentos: cómo se establecen y cuáles son sus sistemas de control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Rovira Forns

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El precio es una de las principales barreras de acceso a los medicamentos. Por ello es importante conocer cómo se forman los precios y qué factores determinan su cuantía y también qué formas de intervención y regulación son las más adecuadas teniendo en cuenta sus efectos, tanto sobre el acceso, como sobre la innovación, la producción local y otros posibles objetivos de la política de medicamentos. El análisis económico ha desarrollado un conjunto de modelos de mercado que permiten explicar el comportamiento de los precios, aunque los mercados reales divergen sustancialmente de los modelos teóricos. La regulación de precios está justificada por los llamados “fallos de mercado”; la regulación de precios basada en el costo de producción, la modalidad de control de precios más tradicional, ha caído en desuso a favor de los sistemas de precios de referencia internacionales y por la fijación del precio basada en el valor.

  15. Indicadores regionales de desarrollo sustentable en Chile: ¿Hasta qué punto son útiles y necesarios?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Blanco

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Cada vez más necesitamos maneras de asegurar patrones de desarrollo que sean sustentables, es decir, que sean ambiental, social y económicamente apropiados para nosotros y para las generaciones venideras. Los indicadores de desarrollo sustentable son una herramienta promisoria que permitiría "aterrizar" el concepto de sustentabilidad, apoyando la manera en que se toman las decisiones. En Chile existen pocas experiencias sobre el tema. Este artículo presenta el trabajo realizado para desarrollar indicadores de desarrollo sustentable en cuatro regiones del país. El artículo se centra en las lecciones que han surgido de la experienciaWe are increasingly needing ways to secure patterns of development that be sustainable, that is, environmentally, socially and economically appropriate for us and for future generations. Sustainability indicators are a promising tool that would allow us to "land" the concept, supporting the way in which decisions are made. In Chile there are few experiences on the subject. This paper presents the work carried out to develop sustainability indicators in four regions. The paper focuses on the lessons that have been drawn from the experience

  16. Autosomal dominant inheritance of Williams-Beuren syndrome in a father and son with haploinsufficiency for FKBP6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metcalfe, Kay; Simeonov, Emil; Beckett, William; Donnai, Dian; Tassabehji, May

    2005-04-01

    Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a neurodevelopmental microdeletion disorder that usually occurs sporadically due to its location within a highly repetitive genomic region that is unstable and prone to unequal cross-over during meiosis. The consequential loss of chromosomal material includes approximately 1.5 Mb of DNA at 7q11.23. Whilst cases of dominant inheritance have been described in the literature, there have been few reports of molecular confirmation and none have carried out detailed genotyping. We describe a Bulgarian father and son with WBS detected by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (with an elastin gene probe) and loss of heterozygosity mapping using microsatellite markers located in the critical region. These individuals appear to have a common WBS heterozygous deletion, confirming the expected dominant transmission and adding to the few familial cases reported. The deletion includes the gene FKBP6 which has recently been shown to play a role in homologous chromosome pairing in meiosis and male fertility in mouse models. Homozygous Fkbp6 -/- male mice are infertile and our data suggests that haploinsufficiency for FKBP6 does not appear to preclude male fertility in WBS, although male infertility involving this gene has the potential to follow the mouse model as a human autosomal recessive condition.

  17. Expectations and self-efficacy of African American parents who discuss sexuality with their adolescent sons: an intervention study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weekes, Carmon V N; Haas, Barbara K; Gosselin, Kevin P

    2014-01-01

    Despite research that suggests parental communication may help deter high-risk sexual behavior among adolescents, parents report a lack of confidence in their ability to answer sexually related questions. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of a multimedia intervention on outcome expectations and perceived self-efficacy for the sex educator role for parents of African American adolescent males. A pilot study using mixed methods was conducted. A nonprobability sample (N = 61) was obtained from a large urban community using a combination of convenience and snowball recruitment methods. Self-efficacy and outcome expectations were measured using self-reported questionnaires. A multimedia intervention for use at home and incorporating an audio CD and associated activities was implemented over a 3-week time period. Outcome expectations and self-efficacy both significantly improved after the intervention (p parents' outcome expectancy and self-efficacy for talking about sex with adolescent sons. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Effect of clayey groundwater on the dissolution rate of SON68 simulated nuclear waste glass at 70 °C

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Echave, T.; Tribet, M.; Jollivet, P.; Marques, C.; Gin, S.; Jégou, C.

    2018-05-01

    To predict the long-term behavior of high-level radioactive waste glass, it is necessary to study aqueous dissolution of the glass matrix under geological repository conditions. The present article focuses on SON68 (an inactive surrogate of the R7T7 glass) glass alteration in synthetic clayey groundwater at 70 °C. Experiments in deionized water as reference were also performed in the same conditions. Results are in agreement with those of previous studies showing that magnesium present in the solution is responsible for higher glass alteration. This effect is transient and pH-dependent: Once all the magnesium is consumed, the glass alteration rate diminishes. Precipitation of magnesium silicate of the smectite group seems to be the main factor for the increased glass alteration. A pH threshold of 7.5-7.8 was found, above which precipitation of these magnesium silicates at 70 °C is possible. TEM observations reveal that magnesium silicates grow at the expense of the passivating gel, which partly dissolves, forming large pores which increase mass transfer between the reacting glass surface and the bulk solution.

  19. Household opportunity costs of protecting and developing forest lands in Son La and Hoa Binh Provinces, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Ngoc Lan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Vietnam has pilot-tested a payment for forest environmental services (PFES program in an effort to restore and protect forest areas, some of which have been severely degraded by the excessive cutting of trees by small-scale farmers planting annual crops on steep, sloping lands. The pilot program implemented in southern Vietnam seems to be successful, yet the program in northern Vietnam has not produced the desired rates of planting and maintaining forest areas. The reasons for these mixed results include differences in socio-economic characteristics and also the production and marketing opportunities available to rural households in the project areas. To gain insight regarding program participation, we examine the household-level opportunity costs of planting and ­maintaining small plots of forest trees in northern Vietnam. We find that small-scale farmers in Hoa Binh Province, with limited financial resources, prefer the annual revenue stream provided by crops such as maize and cassava, rather than waiting for 7 years to obtain revenue from a forest planting. Farmers in Son La Province, with limited access to markets, prefer annual crops because they are not able to sell bamboo shoots and other forest products harvested from their small plots. In both provinces, the payments offered for planting and maintaining forest trees are smaller than the opportunity costs of planting and harvesting annual crops. Thus, most households likely would choose not to participate in the PFES program, at current payment rates, if given the opportunity to decline.

  20. How parasitoid females produce sexy sons: a causal link between oviposition preference, dietary lipids and mate choice in Nasonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaul, Birgit; Ruther, Joachim

    2011-11-07

    Sexual selection theory predicts that phenotypic traits used to choose a mate should reflect honestly the quality of the sender and thus, are often costly. Physiological costs arise if a signal depends on limited nutritional resources. Hence, the nutritional condition of an organism should determine both its quality as a potential mate and its ability to advertise this quality to the choosing sex. In insects, the quality of the offspring's nutrition is often determined by the ovipositing female. A causal connection, however, between the oviposition decisions of the mother and the mating chances of her offspring has never been shown. Here, we demonstrate that females of the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis prefer those hosts for oviposition that have been experimentally enriched in linoleic acid (LA). We show by (13)C-labelling that LA from the host diet is a precursor of the male sex pheromone. Consequently, males from LA-rich hosts produce and release higher amounts of the pheromone and attract more virgin females than males from LA-poor hosts. Finally, males from LA-rich hosts possess three times as many spermatozoa as those from LA-poor hosts. Hence, females making the right oviposition decisions may increase both the fertility and the sexual attractiveness of their sons.

  1. Son of sevenless directly links the Robo receptor to rac activation to control axon repulsion at the midline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Long; Bashaw, Greg J

    2006-11-22

    Son of sevenless (Sos) is a dual specificity guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that regulates both Ras and Rho family GTPases and thus is uniquely poised to integrate signals that affect both gene expression and cytoskeletal reorganization. Here, using genetics, biochemistry, and cell biology, we demonstrate that Sos is recruited to the plasma membrane, where it forms a ternary complex with the Roundabout receptor and the SH3-SH2 adaptor protein Dreadlocks (Dock) to regulate Rac-dependent cytoskeletal rearrangement in response to the Slit ligand. Intriguingly, the Ras and Rac-GEF activities of Sos can be uncoupled during Robo-mediated axon repulsion; Sos axon guidance function depends on its Rac-GEF activity, but not its Ras-GEF activity. These results provide in vivo evidence that the Ras and RhoGEF domains of Sos are separable signaling modules and support a model in which Robo recruits Sos to the membrane via Dock to activate Rac during midline repulsion.

  2. Utilisation de données hydrobiologiques anciennes dans le contexte actuel de la biodiversité : conséquences et limites de l'exercice Consequences and limits to use of historical hydrobiological data in the current biodiversity context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Carrel, Alain Dutartre et Marie-Claude Roger

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Depuis près de deux siècles, on recueille des données sur la faune et la flore aquatique. Ces données anciennes plus ou moins bien conservées sont utilisées pour construire des projets d'évaluation et de conservation de la biodiversité. Que peut-on en attendre ? Quelles précautions prendre pour une utilisation judicieuse ?Data on aquatic flora and fauna have been collected over the last two centuries, whilst human impacts on water and habitat quality have been increasing. Though the data have been used mainly by scientists in applied ecology, contemporary social concerns enhance their value for biodiversity issues and management. However, the appropriate use of historical data requires expert analysis of the various archives, taking into account the historical context and scientific aims at the time of collection. Review of historical data is essential for the conservation and efficient, sustainable management of biodiversity.

  3. Pietro Filippo Bernini, son of Gianlorenzo, and the mediation of the courts of Madrid and Paris for the concession of his prebend in Santa Maria Maggiore of Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita de Alfonso Caffarena

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The intervention of queen Maria Teresa of Austria at the court of Madrid resulted in the concession of a prebend to Pietro Filippo Bernini, the eldest son of Gianlorenzo and canon of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome.

  4. The thin layer technique and its application to electron microscopy; La technique des couches minces et son application a la microscopie electronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranc, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-10-15

    This work deals with the technique of thin layers obtained by evaporation under vacuum, in the thickness range extending from a few monoatomic layers to several hundred angstroms. The great theoretical and practical interest of these layers has, it is well known, given rise to many investigations from Faraday onwards. Within the necessarily restricted limits of this study, we shall approach the problem more particularly from the point of view of: - their production; - their use in electron microscopy. A critical appraisal is made, in the light of present-day knowledge, based on our personal experience and on an extensive bibliography which we have collected on the subject. (author) [French] Le present travail concerne la technique des couches minces obtenues par evaporation sous vide, dans le domaine d'epaisseur qui s'etend de quelques couches monoatomiques a plusieurs centaines d'angstroms. L'interet theorique et pratique considerable de ces couches a suscite, comme on sait, de nombreux travaux depuis Faraday. Dans le cadre necessairement restreint de cette these, nous aborderons plus particulierement le point de vue de: - leur obtention; - leur utilisation en microscopie electronique. Il s'agit d'une mise au point critique, a la lumiere des connaissances actuelles, appuyee sur notre experience personnelle et sur une importante bibliographie, qu'il nous a ete donne de reunir a ce sujet. (auteur)

  5. The thin layer technique and its application to electron microscopy; La technique des couches minces et son application a la microscopie electronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranc, G [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-10-15

    This work deals with the technique of thin layers obtained by evaporation under vacuum, in the thickness range extending from a few monoatomic layers to several hundred angstroms. The great theoretical and practical interest of these layers has, it is well known, given rise to many investigations from Faraday onwards. Within the necessarily restricted limits of this study, we shall approach the problem more particularly from the point of view of: - their production; - their use in electron microscopy. A critical appraisal is made, in the light of present-day knowledge, based on our personal experience and on an extensive bibliography which we have collected on the subject. (author) [French] Le present travail concerne la technique des couches minces obtenues par evaporation sous vide, dans le domaine d'epaisseur qui s'etend de quelques couches monoatomiques a plusieurs centaines d'angstroms. L'interet theorique et pratique considerable de ces couches a suscite, comme on sait, de nombreux travaux depuis Faraday. Dans le cadre necessairement restreint de cette these, nous aborderons plus particulierement le point de vue de: - leur obtention; - leur utilisation en microscopie electronique. Il s'agit d'une mise au point critique, a la lumiere des connaissances actuelles, appuyee sur notre experience personnelle et sur une importante bibliographie, qu'il nous a ete donne de reunir a ce sujet. (auteur)

  6. Lixiviação de cátions favorecida pela presença de ânions inorgânicos e ácidos orgânicos de baixa massa molecular em solos adubados com camas de aviário Cation leaching favored by inorganic anions and low molecular mass organic acids in soils fertilized with different poultry litters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício de Oliveira Gebrim

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o incremento exponencial da avicultura no Brasil, a disponibilidade de dejetos de aves e de cama de aviário tem aumentado de maneira semelhante. A proibição de uso desses produtos na ração animal tem feito com que eles sejam direcionados para a produção agrícola como fertilizantes. Ainda há na literatura carência de informação sobre lixiviação de bases no perfil do solo em conseqüência do efeito de ânions inorgânicos acompanhantes, como cloreto, nitrato e sulfato, e do efeito complexante de ácidos orgânicos de baixa massa molecular. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o efeito da aplicação de cama de aviário na lixiviação de Ca, Mg, K e Na em solos e sua associação com ânions inorgânicos e ácidos orgânicos de baixa molecular. Amostras de dois Latossolos Vermelho-Amarelos, um de textura média e outro de textura argilosa, foram colocadas em colunas de PVC constituídas de cinco anéis, cada um com 10 cm de altura e 5 cm de diâmetro, ligados entre si com fita adesiva. O solo colocado no anel superior recebeu, homogeneamente, cinco tipos de camas de aviário: casca de café, casca de arroz, sabugo de milho, capim-napier e maravalha, totalizando 160 t ha-1 de material seco, comparado à testemunha (sem a cama de aviário. O experimento constituiu um fatorial 5 x 2, com cinco camas e dois solos, dispostos em blocos casualizados com três repetições. As colunas foram submetidas a 10 percolações com água deionizada, duas vezes por semana, até atingirem o volume de 1.200 mm de chuvas. Nos 10 percolados, foram analisadas as concentrações de Ca, Mg, K e Na, dos ânions Cl-, NO3-e SO4(2- e de ácidos orgânicos de baixa massa molecular. Houve grande lixiviação de bases nas colunas, principalmente até a terceira percolação. Esse fato foi causado pela adição dessas bases, em doses elevadas, pelas camas de aviário e, aparentemente, também pelo efeito dos ânions acompanhantes Cl-, NO3-e SO4(2-no solo de

  7. Clonage de l'IGF-I et de son récepteur chez le turbot (Psetta maxima

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    ELIES G.

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Les IGF, leurs récepteurs et leurs protéines de liaison constituent une famille moléculaire qui joue un rôle essentiel dans la régulation de la croissance et du développement. Nous nous sommes intéressés à la caractérisation moléculaire de l'IGF-l et de son récepteur (IGF-1R chez le turbot (Psetta maxima, un poisson plat téléostéen. Par RT-PCR, nous avons clone un ADNc codant pour les quatre domaines de l'IGF-l mature. La protéine présente 70 à 96 % d'identité avec les autres IGF-I de vertébrés. Le clonage de la séquence codante entière du récepteur a nécessité la construction d'une banque d'ADNc d'embryons de turbots. Le récepteur est organisé en domaines dont la taille et les caractéristiques sont semblables à celles des autres récepteurs aux IGF de type 1 décrits chez les mammifères et le poulet. La région catalytique est particulièrement conservée. Dans certains domaines, notamment dans la région C-terminale du précurseur, quelques différences qui pourraient avoir une importance fonctionnelle sont cependant observées. Enfin, par RT-PCR, nous avons mis en évidence une régulation ontogénique du statut de polyadénylation des ARNm IGF-1R.

  8. Comment Hobbes tente de rendre son matérialisme acceptable dans les appendices du Léviathan

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    Anne Staquet

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le Léviathan de Hobbes [1651] a subi de nombreuses attaques, au point qu’il est jugé responsable de la grande peste de 1665 et de l’incendie de Londres l’année suivante et que le parlement ouvre une procédure contre l’ouvrage. Aussi, lorsqu’en 1666, Thomas Hobbes veut publier la traduction latine de ce livre, il y adjoint trois appendices. La version latine de l’œuvre est généralement jugée plus acceptable que le texte originaire anglais. En étudiant la manière dont Hobbes traite de son matérialisme dans ces appendices, je tente de montrer que les addenda latins ne constituent en aucune manière un retour en arrière du texte, mais que le philosophe enrobe simplement davantage des propos que, par ailleurs, il rend plus radicaux.Hobbes’s Leviathan [1651] has been critiqued so much that it was held responsible for the Great Plague of 1665 and the Fire of London during the following year, resulting in the Parliament instituting proceedings against the book. Therefore, when in 1666 Thomas Hobbes wanted to publish a Latin translation of this book, he added three appendices. Generally, the Latin version of the work is considered more acceptable than the English original text. By studying how Hobbes deals with his materialism in these appendices, I try to show that the Latin additions are in no way a reversal of the text, but that the philosopher simply veiled more propositions, while at the same time making them more radical.

  9. Número Expresivo de Suspensos en la Disciplina de Contabilidad de Costes: ¿Cuáles son los Posibles Motivos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iasmini Turci Borges

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objetivo identificar los posibles motivos del alto índice de suspensos en la disciplina de Contabilidad de Costes ofrecida a los alumnos del curso de graduación en Ciencias Contables de la Universidad Estatal de Maringá (UEM, representando una media de suspensos del 42% en relación al período de 2008 a 2013. Fueron utilizados como técnica de colecta de datos unos cuestionarios con cuestiones abiertas y cerradas y, en lo referente a la estrategia de pesquisa, se utilizó para la tabulación y análisis de los datos obtenidos en las cuestiones abiertas el Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo (DSC. El porcentual referente a los alumnos que suspendieron por nota y los alumnos que suspendieron por falta son, respectivamente, del 16% y 27%. De esta forma, para una tentativa de análisis parcial sobre los alumnos reprobados por nota, se hizo uso de la variable ansiedad, que presentó un porcentual de percepción por parte de los alumnos de, aproximadamente, un 60% de la muestra, a partir del abordaje de la Psicología Cognitiva basada en la Teoría del Procesamiento de la Información. Y, para el análisis parcial sobre los alumnos suspendidos por falta, Se hizo uso de la variable falta de dedicación y desinterés, que presentó un porcentual de percepción por parte de los alumnos del 47% de la muestra, utilizando para fundamentación la Teoría de la Procrastinación.

  10. ¿Son los errores congénitos del metabolismo causa prevenible de muerte súbita?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Álvarez Fumero

    Full Text Available El síndrome de muerte súbita del lactante (SMSL no es un proceso aislado, sino un hecho multifactorial y multicausal, del cual cada día se restan alteraciones potencialmente diagnosticables, para pasar a ser un diagnóstico de exclusión. Algunos errores congénitos del metabolismo (ECM han sido asociados al SMSL y/o a episodios aparentemente letales EAL, aunque la mayoría de ellos suelen tener alguna expresión clínica que los hace potencialmente diagnosticables antes de la muerte, lo que permite ser descartados de entre las causas del SMSL. De ellos, los más estrechamente relacionados con el SMSL son los trastornos de la betaoxidación mitocondrial de ácidos grasos. Solo del 3 al 5 % de los SMSL pueden guardar relación con ECM. El mayor impacto que representa el conocimiento de la asociación de SMSL y estos trastornos, es precisamente la posibilidad de su prevención. El personal médico debe conocer que la más eficiente forma de prevenir el SMSL relacionado con los ECM, es la búsqueda activa de lactantes de riesgo al realizar una exhaustiva anamnesis. Estos casos deben ser objeto de estudios metabólicos especializados, para lo cual es imprescindible conocer los requisitos de obtención, conservación y traslado de muestras al Laboratorio de Referencia.

  11. Neuropathological Comparison of Adult Onset and Juvenile Huntington's Disease with Cerebellar Atrophy: A Report of a Father and Son.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Caitlin S; Flanagan, Margaret E; Cimino, Patrick J; Jayadev, Suman; Davis, Marie; Hoffer, Zachary S; Montine, Thomas J; Gonzalez-Cuyar, Luis F; Bird, Thomas D; Keene, C Dirk

    2017-01-01

    Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a trinucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion in huntingtin (HTT) on chromosome 4. Anticipation can cause longer repeat expansions in children of HD patients. Juvenile Huntington's disease (JHD), defined as HD arising before age 20, accounts for 5-10% of HD cases, with cases arising in the first decade accounting for approximately 1%. Clinically, JHD differs from the predominately choreiform adult onset Huntington's disease (AOHD) with variable presentations, including symptoms such as myoclonus, seizures, Parkinsonism, and cognitive decline. The neuropathologic changes of AOHD are well characterized, but there are fewer reports that describe the neuropathology of JHD. Here we report a case of a six-year-old boy with paternally-inherited JHD caused by 169 CAG trinucleotide repeats who presented at age four with developmental delay, dysarthria, and seizures before dying at age 6. The boy's clinical presentation and neuropathological findings are directly compared to those of his father, who presented with AOHD and 54 repeats. A full autopsy was performed for the JHD case and a brain-only autopsy was performed for the AOHD case. Histochemically- and immunohistochemically-stained slides were prepared from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Both cases had neuropathology corresponding to Vonsattel grade 3. The boy also had cerebellar atrophy with huntingtin-positive inclusions in the cerebellum, findings not present in the father. Autopsies of father and son provide a unique opportunity to compare and contrast the neuropathologic findings of juvenile and adult onset HD while also providing the first immunohistochemical evidence of cerebellar involvement in JHD. Additionally this is the first known report to include findings from peripheral tissue in a case of JHD.

  12. Nuclear waste glasses of SON68 type and their weathering products, optical spectroscopy of uranium and rare earth elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ollier, N.

    2002-09-01

    This study concerns the long-term behaviour of high-level waste glasses and more precisely lanthanides and uranium behaviour with weathering. The leaching was performed on glass powder at 90 deg. C in a pseudo-dynamic mode. Two weathering gels were obtained, with different renewal rate and leaching duration. In glass, we demonstrate that U(IV) and U(VI) species coexist. Time-resolved spectroscopy and XPS measurements show that hexavalent uranium is present under uranyl entities and UO 3 type environment. In weathering gels, U(VI) is still present under uranyl form as well as uranyl hydroxide. It means that U behaviour depends on renewal rate, moreover precipitation of crystallized phases like bauranolte BaU 2 O 7 .xH 2 O and uranyl silicate of uranophane type occur. Concerning lanthanides, Eu 3+ was used as a luminescent local probe. Two sites were found in glass and gels. In glass, the sites were attributed to a silicate and a borate one. In gels, the silicate site is conserved whereas the second one is supposed to correspond to an aluminate one. Photoluminescence and Moessbauer measurements show that the rare earth site symmetry increases in gel. This result confirms that order is higher in gels than in glass. The third part of the thesis concerns irradiation effect in glasses. The main result shows some behaviour differences between a 5 oxides borosilicate glass and a more complex one close to the SON68 glass. Presence of mixed alkali (Na, Li and Cs) seems to notably reduce the Na migration. (author)

  13. Constraints on Moho Depth and Crustal Thickness in the Liguro-Provençal Basin from a 3d Gravity Inversion : Geodynamic Implications Contraintes sur la profondeur du moho et l'épaisseur crustale dans le bassin liguro-provençal à partir de l'inversion 3D de données gravimétriques : implications géodynamiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaulier J. M.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available 3D gravity modelling is combined with seismic refraction and reflection data to constrain a new Moho depth map in the Liguro-Provençal Basin (Western Mediterranean Sea. At seismically controlled points, the misfit between the gravimetric solution and the seismic data is about 2 km for a range of Moho depth between 12 km (deep basin and 30 km (mainlands. The oceanic crust thickness in the deep basin (5 km is smaller than the average oceanic crust thickness reported in open oceans (7 km, pointing to a potential mantle temperature 30°C to 50°C below normal and/or very slow oceanic spreading rate. Oceanic crust thickness is decreasing towards the Ligurian Sea and towards the continent-ocean boundary to values as small as 2 km. Poor magma supply is a result of low potential mantle temperature at depth, lateral thermal conduction towards unextended continental margin, and decrease of the oceanic spreading rate close to the pole of opening in the Ligurian Sea. Re-examination of magnetic data (paleomagnetic data and magnetic lineations indicates that opening of the Liguro-Provençal Basin may have ceased as late as Late Burdigalian (16. 5 Ma or even later. The absence of significant time gap between cessation of opening in the Liguro-Provençal Basin and rifting of the Tyrrhenian domain favours a continuous extension mechanism since Upper Oligocene driven by the African trench retreat. Ce rapport présente un travail commun avec le Laboratoire de géodynamique de l'École normale supérieure (ENS. Ce travail doit être resitué dans son contexte : l'étude régionale du golfe du Lion a été possible dans le cadre du projet européen Integrated Basin Studies. Le développement du code d'inversion 3D avait fait l'objet de conventions avec l'ENS pendant les années précédentes. La mise en Suvre d'une telle inversion est désormais possible à l'IFP. Il n'y a pas d'interface pour ce calculateur. L'aide des collègues de l'ENS est souhaitable pour la

  14. Ressenya a Delle Donne, Fulvio & Torró, Jaume (eds. L’immagine di Alfonso il Magnanimo tra letteratura e storia, tra Corona d’Aragona e Italia - La imatge d’Algons el Magnànim en la literatura i la Historiografia entre la Corona d’Aragó i Itàlia, Florència, SISMEL -Edizioni del Galluzzo , 2016, XII + 300 p. ISBN: 978-88-8450-691-7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Marfany Simó

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Review to Delle Donne, Fulvio & Torró, Jaume (eds. L’immagine di Alfonso il Magnanimo tra letteratura e storia, tra Corona d’Aragona e Italia - La imatge d’Algons el Magnànim en la literatura i la Historiografia entre la Corona d’Aragó i Itàlia, Firenze, SISMEL -Edizioni del Galluzzo , 2016, XII + 300 p. ISBN: 978-88-8450-691-7

  15. Le problème du mal dans le Guide des Perplexes et son arrière-plan talmudique

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    Costa, José

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available At first sight, the question of evil is regarded in the Guide for the Perplexed in a paradoxical manner. Thus, in Guide I, 2, Maimonides examines the notions of good and evil as subjective evaluations possessing neither the rigour not the exactness of the notions of true and false. However, the question of evil occupies an essential place in the Guide, as various modern authors have shown. This question is important to Maimonides because he is, in this respect, the heir of the rabbinic tradition and his conception of evil is largely based on an interaction with the Talmudic and Midrašic texts. Therefore, we would like to review thirty-nine rabbinic ‘quotes’ which appear in chapters 8 to 24 in the third part of the Guide and deal with the origin of evil, the meaning of suffering and the evil inclination. Maimonides reappropriates the midrašim that are susceptible of being in agreement with his rationalist positions and also quotes some rabbinic traditions that are too close to mu ͑tazilism, undoubtedly aware of the more profound resemblance that exists between the rabbinic and mu ͑tazilite doctrines of evil and retribution.A primera vista, el problema del mal es abordado en la Guía de Perplejos de manera paradójica. Para Maimónides, las nociones de bien y mal son subjetivas y no resultan ni rigorosas ni exactas, a la inversa de las nociones de verdad y falsedad (Guía I, 2. Sin embargo, el problema del mal es muy importante en la Guía, como lo demostraran varios autores. Maimónides es el heredero de la tradición rabínica y existe en la Guía una interacción entre la filosofia de Maimónides y los textos talmúdicos y midrásicos. Es particularmente el caso de las treinta y nueve citas rabínicas de la Guía II, 8-24, que tratan del origen del mal, del significado del sufrimiento y de la inclinación al mal. Maimónides cita los midrašim que concuerdan con sus posiciones racionalistas y evoca también algunas tradiciones rab

  16. A 25-year laboratory experiment on French SON68 nuclear glass leached in a granitic environment - First investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guittonneau, C. [CEA Marcoule DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France); Gin, S., E-mail: stephane.gin@cea.f [CEA Marcoule DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France); Godon, N.; Mestre, J.P. [CEA Marcoule DTCD/SECM/LCLT, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France); Dugne, O.; Allegri, P. [CEA Marcoule DTEC/SGCS/LMAC, BP 17171, 30207 Bagnols-sur-Ceze Cedex (France)

    2011-01-01

    We have investigated a 25.75-year old leaching experiment to improve our understanding of the mechanisms controlling glass dissolution in geological disposal conditions. A SON68 glass block was leached in slowly renewed synthetic groundwater (at 90 {sup o}C, 100 bar) in contact with some pieces of granite and Ni-Cr-Mo alloy as environmental storage materials. One hundred and sixty-three samplings were carried out over the entire duration of the experiment and were used to calculate the mean thickness of the altered glass (28 ({+-}9) {mu}m) and the glass dissolution rate. After few months, the rate remained very constant at 6 x 10{sup -3} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1} which is about 20 times higher than the residual rate measured in a batch reactor at the same temperature. At the end of the experiment, mainly SEM analyses were performed on the entire glass block. Surprisingly, the glass alteration layer has neither a homogeneous thickness, nor a homogeneous morphology. The location of the sampling valve (at half height of the glass block) seems to divide the glass block into two parts. In the upper half (above the sampling valve), the general morphology of the alteration layer consists in a relatively simple and uniform gel and some secondary phases which are rare-earth phosphates. The mean measured thickness of this alteration layer is 6.7 ({+-}0.3) {mu}m. However, in the lower half of the glass block, the gel is globally larger and frequently contains rounded shapes which are rare-earth phosphates. This section is edged by secondary phases bearing Mg, Na, Zn and Ni. The mean measured thickness is 81.3 ({+-}1.1) {mu}m in the lower half. In this experiment, the flow rate which leads to the hydrodynamic transport of the soluble species must be a key factor for the local glass alteration process. We have also shown that this unexpected behavior is likely due to heterogeneities of the chemistry of the solution. This conclusion is supported by the behavior of Mg. This element

  17. ¿Son los chilenos igualmente solidarios?la influencia de los recursos personales en las donaciones de dinero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Castillo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En el discurso público comúnmente se asume que Chile es un país solidario, un supuesto que se confunde con la idea de una cierta homogeneidad en lo que respecta a valores solidarios y conductas de ayuda en el país. El presente trabajo apunta a cuestionar esta idea de homogeneidad respecto de solidaridad, proponiendo que las conductas solidarias se relacionan con los recursos que las personas poseen, los que a su vez se asocian al lugar que las personas ocupan en la estructura de estratificación social. Tomando los datos de la Encuesta de Solidaridad realizada en 2009 por el Centro de Medición MIDE UC de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, el trabajo se centra en un tipo de conducta de ayuda particular: las donaciones en dinero. El análisis se focaliza en la influencia de recursos personales como ingreso, educación y pertenencia a redes sobre este tipo de donaciones. Los resultados indican que los individuos con mayores recursos son más proclives a las donaciones, donde el nivel educacional alcanzado juega un papel preponderante.In the public discourse it is commonly assumed that Chile is a solidary country, an assumption that is mixed with the idea of homogeneity in the country as far as helping behavior and solidarity values is concerned. The present paper is aimed at challenging this homogeneity assumption by proposing that helping behavior is associated to personal resources, which at the same time are linked to the position in the social stratification structure. Using data from the Solidarity Survey implemented by the assessment center MIDE UC of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile in 2009, the paper focuses on a specific type of helping behavior: money donations. The analysis centers on the influence of personal resources such as income, education and networks on this kind of donations. Results indicate that individuals with greater resources are more given to donate, whereby the educational level plays a key

  18. Alternative Constructions of Treason in the Angevin Political World: Traïson in the History of William Marshal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen D. WHITE

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available After some nobles and other fighting men surrendered Rochester castle to King John in 1215, John wanted to hang the nobles but refrained from doing so on the advice of one of his military captains. Would hanging the nobles for making war on the king have been lawful? This question about the law of treason has provoked inconclusive debate among historians who have sought to determine whether, in this period, making war against the English king was legally classified as lèse-majesté (crimen laesae majestatis, proditio or infidelitas. This article, however, asks whether the nobles whom John wanted to hang were guilty of traïson, as this vernacular term was used in the History of William Marshal (c. 1230. On this basis, the paper concludes that in all probability, the nobles who held Rochester against the king would not have been condemned as traitors, at least by their aristocratic peers.Cuando en 1215 ciertos nobles y otros combatientes se rindieron y entregaron el castillo de Rochester al rey Juan éste quiso colgarles, pero el consejo de uno de sus nobles le hizo absternerse. ¿Habría sido legítimo condenar a la horca a los que habían guerreado contra el rey? Cuestiones relativas al derecho de traición al intentar determinar si la guerra contra el rey de Inglaterra fue considerada en la época un crimen laesae majestatis, proditio, o infidelitas, según la definición que dan a estos términos las fuentes latinas, han suscitado debates interminables entre los historiadores. Este artículo, por el contrario, se pregunta si los nobles que el rey Juan deseaba colgar eran o no culpables de traición, en el sentido vernáculo del término que es usado en L’histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal (hacia 1230. Sobre esta base, la conclusión del artículo es que los nobles que ocuparon el castillo de Rochester, casi con total seguridad, no habrían sido condenados como traidores, al menos por sus pares.

  19. ¿Son los errores congénitos del metabolismo causa prevenible de muerte súbita?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Álvarez Fumero

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome de muerte súbita del lactante (SMSL no es un proceso aislado, sino un hecho multifactorial y multicausal, del cual cada día se restan alteraciones potencialmente diagnosticables, para pasar a ser un diagnóstico de exclusión. Algunos errores congénitos del metabolismo (ECM han sido asociados al SMSL y/o a episodios aparentemente letales EAL, aunque la mayoría de ellos suelen tener alguna expresión clínica que los hace potencialmente diagnosticables antes de la muerte, lo que permite ser descartados de entre las causas del SMSL. De ellos, los más estrechamente relacionados con el SMSL son los trastornos de la betaoxidación mitocondrial de ácidos grasos. Solo del 3 al 5 % de los SMSL pueden guardar relación con ECM. El mayor impacto que representa el conocimiento de la asociación de SMSL y estos trastornos, es precisamente la posibilidad de su prevención. El personal médico debe conocer que la más eficiente forma de prevenir el SMSL relacionado con los ECM, es la búsqueda activa de lactantes de riesgo al realizar una exhaustiva anamnesis. Estos casos deben ser objeto de estudios metabólicos especializados, para lo cual es imprescindible conocer los requisitos de obtención, conservación y traslado de muestras al Laboratorio de Referencia.The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS is not an isolated process, but a multifactorial and multicausal event, of which there are less potentially diagnosable alterations every day, turning into an exclusion diagnosis. Some congenital errors of metabolism have been associated with SDSI and/or with apparently lethal episodes, although most of them may have some clinical expression that makes them potentially diagnosable before death, allowing to eliminate them from the causes of SIDS. Of them, the most closely related to SIDS are the disorders of mitochondrial betaoxidation of fatty acids. Only from 3 to 5 % of the SIDS may be related to CEM. The greatest impact of knowing about the

  20. Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2099575

    2016-01-01

    Son Excellence Madame Elisabeth Laurin Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies et des autres organisations internationales en Suisse République française Son Excellence Monsieur Roberto Balzaretti Ambassadeur Directeur,

  1. A case study of conflict management in bonobos: how does a bonobo (Pan paniscus) mother manage conflicts between her sons and her female coalition partner?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrain, L; Stevens, J; Alegria Iscoa, J; Destrebecqz, A

    2011-01-01

    Female coalitions are an important part of the social organization of bonobos. The strength of the mother-son relationship is another essential part of this social structure. A bonobo mother is therefore facing a dilemma when a conflict arises between her sons and her female coalition partners. Will she take her coalition partner's side and favour the social organization of the group or support her son in order to defend her offspring? In order to address this issue, we performed an observational study of the captive group at Planckendael (Belgium) and used social grooming and proximity to assess the relationship between individuals. As a case study, we focused on the relationships between Hortense, one of the group's mothers, her 3 sons Redi, Vifijo and Zamba, and her coalition partner Hermien. Surprisingly, we observed that Hortense preferentially supported her female coalition partner. For Hortense's social status in the group, it may be more important to maintain the strong relationship with her higher-ranking female coalition partner than to support her sons. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. Death of a son is associated with risk of suicide among parous women in Taiwan: a nested case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chih-Cheng; Kuo, Chien-Chun; Wu, Trong-Neng; Yang, Chun-Yuh

    2012-01-01

    The impact of the sex of a deceased child on maternal suicide has not been studied. We examined whether the death of a child, especially a son, increased the risk of suicide among parous Taiwanese women. This matched case-control study was done within a cohort of 1 292 462 Taiwanese women who experienced a first and singleton childbirth between 1 January 1978 and 31 December 1987 and were followed up until 31 December 2008. From the cohort, 2701 suicide cases were identified and 2701 controls were randomly selected. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of suicide associated with the death of a child. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for suicide among mothers whose son had died were 2.60 (95% CI = 1.18-5.73), 2.58 (1.28-5.20), and 4.20 (0.79-22.45) for death of a son aged younger than 1 year, 1 to 17 years, and 18 years or older. The ORs for suicide associated with the death of a daughter were not statistically significant: the respective adjusted ORs were 1.86 (0.82-4.62), 1.38 (0.54-3.49), and 2.48 (0.40-15.51). The death of a child, especially a son, increased the risk of maternal suicide, which supports the notion that preference for a son is firmly rooted in traditional Chinese culture.

  3. Plantilla de enfermería y demanda de cuidados de ancianos hospitalizados, ¿son suficientes los recursos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Jesús Cruz Lendínez

    Full Text Available Introducción: El aumento de la población de personas mayores de 65 años hace cada vez más frecuente su ingreso en los hospitales. El tiempo de estancia hospitalaria de los ancianos suele ser más prolongado que el del resto de pacientes. Objetivo: Analizar la capacidad de prestación de cuidados de 3 unidades de hospitalización de un hospital público y compararla con la demanda de cuidados de los ancianos. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo observacional en 3 unidades de hospitalización de medicina interna de un hospital universitario de la red pública de Andalucía (España. Se ha incluido una muestra de 190 pacientes ancianos hospitalizados. Las variables recogidas fueron: demográficas, relacionadas con la hospitalización, demanda de cuidados y capacidad de prestación de cuidados de la plantilla de enfermería. Los datos se han obtenido del sistema de información del hospital, del conjunto mínimo básico de datos de pacientes y por observación directa mediante el método de nivel de cuidados (MNC. Resultados: La edad media de los ancianos hospitalizados fue de 77,4 años, con 21,1% de mayores de 85 años. La estancia media fue de 15,68 días. La estimación de la capacidad de prestación de cuidados de la plantilla de enfermería fue de 2,8 horas/paciente/día (con un índice de enfermeras tituladas del 60%. A partir de la medición de niveles de dependencia, la demanda de cuidados media de los ancianos fue de 4,9 horas/paciente/día. Esta diferencia supone un déficit anual de 51 profesionales de enfermería en la plantilla de las 3 unidades de hospitalización. Los factores que influyen en la demanda de cuidados de los ancianos son la edad, días de estancia hospitalaria, el diagnóstico médico y el destino del paciente al alta. También se encuentra una relación con la presencia de un familiar acompañando al paciente (cuidador familiar. Los cuidados básicos representan un 65,7% del total de cuidados requeridos. Conclusiones: La

  4. Crystal-face growth rate: role of the neighbouring concentration; Vitesse de croissance d'une face cristalline: role de la concentration qui regne a son voisinage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itti, R

    1967-07-01

    A study has been made of the phenomena occurring in the neighbourhood of a growing crystal-face, with the help of several methods based on interferometric observation. If the system is considered at a given moment, it is possible to express the growth rate of the crystal in two ways: 1) using the origin of the solute contributing to the growth, by application of Fick's law modified in certain cases by a correction factor involving the absolute value of the concentration near the crystal face. 2) directly, using the supersaturation in the crystal-face neighbourhood. On the other hand, if an attempt is made to take into account the changes in growth rate with time, it is seen that this rate is not dependent on diffusion phenomena, but that the convection currents in the solution play an important role. (author) [French] Les phenomenes qui ont lieu dans la solution au voisinage d'un cristal en voie de croissance ont ete etudies grace a plusieurs methodes d'observation interferometriques. Si l'on considere la preparation a un instant donne, il est possible d'exprimer la vitesse de croissance du cristal de deux manieres: 1) a partir de la provenance du solute necessaire a la croissance, par application de l'equation de Fick moyennant, dans certains cas, un facteur correctif faisant intervenir la valeur absolue de la concentration au voisinage de la face, 2) directement a partir de la sursaturation qui regne pres de la face. Par contre, si l'on essaie de rendre compte de l'evolution de la vitesse de croissance au cours du temps, on voit que celle-ci n'est pas commandee par les phenomenes de diffusion, mais que les courants de convection qui existent dons la solution jouent un role important. (auteur)

  5. Atmospheric Extinction Coefficients in the Ic Band for Several Major International Observatories: Results from the BiSON Telescopes, 1984-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, S. J.; Chaplin, W. J.; Davies, G. R.; Elsworth, Y. P.; Howe, R.; Lund, M. N.; Moxon, E. Z.; Thomas, A.; Pallé, P. L.; Rhodes, E. J., Jr.

    2017-09-01

    Over 30 years of solar data have been acquired by the Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON), an international network of telescopes used to study oscillations of the Sun. Five of the six BiSON telescopes are located at major observatories. The observational sites are, in order of increasing longitude: Mount Wilson (Hale) Observatory (MWO), California, USA; Las Campanas Observatory, Chile; Observatorio del Teide, Izaña, Tenerife, Canary Islands; the South African Astronomical Observatory, Sutherland, South Africa; Carnarvon, Western Australia; and the Paul Wild Observatory, Narrabri, New South Wales, Australia. The BiSON data may be used to measure atmospheric extinction coefficients in the {{{I}}}{{c}} band (approximately 700-900 nm), and presented here are the derived atmospheric extinction coefficients from each site over the years 1984-2016.

  6. Des données textuelles et planimétriques à l’analyse des dynamiques paysagères et foncières. Le cas de Blandy-les-Tours (Seine-et-Marne) du XVIe au XIXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Albane

    2016-01-01

    Cette étude doctorale repose, en grande partie, sur la mise en parallèle de données textuelles et planimétriques, modernes et contemporaines, intégrées dans un système d’information géographique. Les documents concernés (un terrier-censier du XVIe siècle, un terrier associé à un plan du XVIIIe siècle, et le cadastre napoléonien de 1845), en inventoriant parcelles et tenanciers/propriétaires, ont en commun de présenter de nombreux renseignements sur la structuration de l’espace rural : la prop...

  7. Une activité politique féminine conservatrice avant le droit de suffrage en France et en Italie. Sociohistoire de la politisation des femmes catholiques au sein de la Ligue patriotique des Françaises (1902-1933 et de l’Unione fra le donne cattoliche d’Italia (1909-1919.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magali Della Sudda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche historique qui croise les apports des études de genre, de la science politique et de la sociologie religieuse met en lumière la façon singulière dont les militantes d’action féminine catholique sont venues à la politique en France et en Italie durant les premières décennies du XXe siècle. Deux associations catholiques féminines de masse ont fait l’objet de cette analyse comparée : la Ligue patriotique des Françaises active de 1902 à 1933 et l’Unione fra le donne cattoliche d’I...

  8. Impact de la résolution des données d'occupation du sol sur la modélisation hydrologique d'un bassin versant périurbain: Application au bassin versant de la Chézine

    OpenAIRE

    POIRIER, Arnaud

    2012-01-01

    Les bassins versant périurbains présentent deux types d'occupation du sol, urbain et rural. Cette hétérogénéité d'occupation entraine la concomitance de deux comportements hydrologiques différents. Ce type de bassin est encore peu étudié de nos jours. Le modèle ISBA-TOPMODEL a été adapté aux bassins périurbains et appliqué au bassin de la Chézine (Nantes). Le but de ce travail a été d'étudier la sensibilité de ce modèle à la donnée la d'occupation du sol. Pour réaliser cette étude nous ...

  9. Comparative seasonal variations of spectral signatures of broad-leaved and coniferous stands from Landsat data. Comparison with other perennial environments; Evolutions saisonnières comparées des signatures spectrales de feuillus et de conifères à partir de données Landsat : comparaison avec d'autres milieux pérennes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaume, R. [Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Bondy (France); Combeau, A.

    1984-07-01

    Spectral signatures of two distinct forest test areas were identified from digital data including 15 LANDSAT scenes covering the same geographical area: a broad-leaved forest (oak and beech) and a coniferous forest (scotch pine). Seasonal variations of the signatures were examined and were expressed in terms of various data: date, solar height and phenological state of vegetation cover. Results were compared to these obtained from other perennial surface conditions (grassland, bare soils) . Range of the seasonal variations of radiance is noted, as well as evolutionary peculiarities on each band and between themes. Rationing of spectral bands (particularly MSS 5 and 7) and their variation with time are specified [French] A partir des données numériques de 15 scènes LANDSAT sur un même secteur géographique, l e s auteurs définissent les signatures spectrales de deux milieux forestiers distincts: une futaie de chênes-hêtres et une futaie de pins sylvestres, et ils étudient l a variation saisonnière de ces signatures. Ils tentent d'interpréter cette variabilité en fonction de la date de saisie des données, donc de l a hauteur du soleil et de l'état phénologique du couvert végétal. Ils comparent les résultats 5 ceux obtenus sur d'autres milieux pérennes (prairie, sols nus). L'amplitude des variations saisonnières des luminances est précisée, ainsi que les modalités particulières de l'évolution sur certains canaux ou entre les deux thèmes. Les auteurs étudient également les rapports de luminance inter-canaux (5 et 7 en particulier) et leur évolution dans le temps.

  10. Is a {mu}mol a {mu}mol? Growth and development of chrysanthemum cultivated under SON-T lighting and under LED-lighting; Is a {mu}mol a {mu}mol? Groei en ontwikkeling van chrysant geteeld onder SON-T belichting en onder LED verlichting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinen, E.; Marcelis, L.F.M.; Steenhuizen, J.W.; Dueck, T.A.

    2009-12-15

    Description of an experiment that was conducted, comparing LED lamps and SON-T (high pressure sodium) lamps. In climate rooms with LED (96% red sodium lamps) or SON-T lamps (without daylight), chrysanthemums were cultivated at two light intensities. Although the air temperature was the same in both treatments, the leaf temperature was clearly higher in the case of SON-T as a result of heat radiation. In the case of LED a more round leaves were observed. Plants cultivated under SON-T light developed closed crops much quicker and required a shorter reaction time (10 to 14 days at high and low light intensity). Yet, the harvest weight of the branches was the same. The net leaf photosynthesis was lower in chrysanthemums cultivated under LED lighting compared to plants cultivated under SON-T lighting. This is probably due to long-term cultivation under a spectrum of almost exclusively red light. The differences between SON-T and LED with regard to light color and heat radiation have significant consequences for growth and development. [Dutch] Een experiment is uitgevoerd om LED lampen en SON-T (hogedruk natriumlampen) lampen te vergelijken. In klimaatkamers met LED (96% rood en 4% blauw) of SON-T lampen (zonder daglichttoetreding) werden chrysanten geteeld bij 2 lichtintensiteiten. Hoewel de luchttemperatuur identiek was bij beide behandelingen was de bladtemperatuur duidelijk hoger bij SON-T als gevolg van warmtestraling. Onder LED belichting werd meer 'bol blad' waargenomen. Planten geteeld onder SON-T belichting ontwikkelden sneller een gesloten gewas en hadden een kortere reactietijd (10 tot 14 dagen bij hoge en lage lichtintensiteit). Maar het oogstgewicht van de takken was gelijk. De netto actuele bladfotosynthese was lager bij chrysanten geteeld onder LED belichting vergeleken met planten geteeld onder SON-T belichting. Dit is waarschijnlijk toe te schrijven aan langdurige teelt onder een spectrum met vrijwel alleen rood licht. De verschillen tussen SON

  11. De Masaccio à Stalker: pour une esthétique du seuil et de son franchissement 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Castets

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Le seuil,abordé en tant que sujet représenté, est ici le moyen d’envisager la question  de la limite et de son dépassement dans le territoire de l’œuvre peinte, de l’installation et de la performance. La fresque de Masaccio, intitulée « Adam et Ève chassés du Paradis », réalisée vers 1425, constitue une étape décisive dans le traitement de l’espace de représentation. La suggestion d’une  profondeur, mais également, d’une épaisseur, apparaît, faisant basculer la peinture vers le naturalisme. Ainsi, au réalisme intellectuel du Moyen Age, se substitue un nouveau mode de figuration. L’artiste de la Renaissance quitte donc un territoire artistique pour explorer et poser les bases d’un art inédit. Dès lors, la toile, telle une zone de friction, se place et agit dans l’interstice séparant l’espace réel et l’espace représenté. La vision du spectateur, face au tableau, franchit ainsi le barrage de l’œuvre pour coloniser une fable topique amenée par l’illusion de la profondeur. La peinture est également le lieu où l’artiste révèle au spectateur, par le biais de stratagèmes plastiques, ses conditions de réalisation. A partir de là, une rupture s’opère entre la représentation et le fait de présenter. Art et vie s’interpénètrent alors, dans des installations ou des performances, offrant au spectateur un lieu milieu, dans lequel il est amené à s’affranchir de ces modèles. L’oeuvre est donc un seuil qu’il faut «traverser pour apprendre la solitude. » (Serres. Elle vibre d’instabilité et cristallise l’état singulier du changement. Enfin, elle conduit inéluctablement vers un devenir autre.The threshold as theme of representation is in this article used as a way to question the limit and its crossing in the territory of the painted work, of the installation and the performance. Masaccio’s fresco “The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden” of 1425 constitutes a decisive

  12. 4D Joint Stratigraphic Inversion of Prestack Seismic Data: Application to the CO2 Storage Reservoir (Utsira Sand Formation at Sleipner Site Inversion stratigraphique jointe 4D de données sismiques avant sommation : application au réservoir de stockage de CO2 (Formation Utsira du site de Sleipner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Labat K.

    2012-04-01

    éservoirs au cours de leur production. Nous présentons ici une méthodologie d'inversion stratigraphique 4D qui fournit une estimation des variations d'impédances des ondes P et S dans le réservoir, par inversion de données de sismiques répétées avant-sommation. L'inversion 4D est implémentée dans le domaine temps et nécessite une loi de mise à l'échelle des temps de trajets pour chaque jeu de données de sismique répétée (aussi appelé "millésime" afin de mettre en correspondance les temps d'arrivée d'événements homologues observés sur les jeux de données appelés référence et monitors. Cette opération est souvent appelée "warping". L'inversion 4D est une méthodologie qui comporte trois étapes : la première étape consiste à inverser chaque millésime sismique séparément, pour produire autant de distributions en impédances P et S que de jeux de données considérés. La seconde étape utilise l'information des impédances P disponibles pour résoudre le problème du warping, qui est un point clé pour la troisième et dernière étape : l'inversion jointe de tous les millésimes sismiques disponibles. Cette séquence d'inversion 4D a été appliquée aux jeux de données enregistrés sur le réservoir de stockage de CO2 du site norvégien de Sleipner (Mer du Nord. Ce dernier est devenu un site industriel de référence pour le stockage à long terme du dioxyde de carbone (CO2 dans un aquifère salin, la formation des sables de l'Utsira. Nous avons focalisé notre étude sur l'inversion 4D des millésimes 1994 et 2006, acquise respectivement avant et dix ans après le début de l'injection de CO2. Le warping a fourni une loi de mise à l'échelle des temps de propagation avec un retard maximum d'environ 45 ms à la base de l'aquifère Utsira. L'inversion 4D jointe a donné des résultats plus cohérents que les inversions 3D : l'inversion 4D fournit en particulier des impédances P pour les grès saturés en CO2 qui sont très proches des

  13. Integrating Data of Different Types and Different Supports into Reservoir Models Construction de modèles de réservoir contraints par des données de natures différentes et caractéristiques d’échelles différentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Ravalec M.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on the joint integration of production and 4-D inverted seismic data into reservoir models. These data correspond to different types and different scales. Therefore, we developed two-scale simulation workflows making it possible to incorporate data at the right scale. This issue also emphasized the need for adapting traditional history-matching methodologies. For instance, the formulation of the objective function and the development of customized parameterization techniques turned out to be two key factors controlling the efficiency of the matching process. Two application examples are presented. The first one is a small-size synthetic field case. It aims to build a set of reservoir models respecting either production data only or both production and 4-D seismic-related data. It is shown that the incorporation of 4-D seismic-related data in addition to production data into reservoir models contributes to reduce the uncertainty in production forecasts. The second example is a field in the North Sea offshore Norway operated by Statoil. It stresses difficulties in conditioning reservoir models to both real production and 4-D inverted seismic data among the very large number of uncertain parameters to handle and the comparison of real noisy data with numerical responses. Cet article présente une méthodologie permettant d’élaborer des modèles de réservoir contraints à la fois par des données de production et des attributs sismiques 4-D. Ces données sont de natures très différentes et caractérisent des échelles tout aussi différentes. Leur intégration à l’échelle appropriée dans des modèles de réservoir a nécessité le développement d’une chaîne de simulation faisant intervenir deux échelles, ce qui nous a amené à adapter les techniques classiques de calage d’historique. Par exemple, il s’est avéré important de revoir la formulation de la fonction objectif pour mieux quantifier l

  14. Lezen boven AVI-niveau kan prima : leesvaardigheid ontwikkelen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boendermaker, Conny; Blok, Henk; Oostdam, Ron

    2013-01-01

    Hoe zorg je ervoor dat kinderen met enthousiasme lezen? Is het belangrijk dat ze lezen op hun eigen API-niveau of is hun persoonlijke voorkeur belangrijker? Dit artikel laat zien dat leerlingen vooral boeken moeten kunnen kiezen die hen interesseren.

  15. Avis 6 sur la formation à et par la recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement

    2015-01-01

    La formation à et par la recherche s’appuie sur la démarche scientifique, les savoirs, les connaissances à transmettre, tout autant que l’acquisition de compétences en gestion de projet, de capacités au travail en équipe, d’une ouverture d’esprit qui favorisera la créativité. Elle doit permettre de prendre conscience de la responsabilité endossée par la communauté scientifique vis-à-vis de la société et de l’environnement, mais aussi préparer l’avenir professionnel de celle ou de celui qu...

  16. Avis 4 sur les nanosciences et les nanotechnologies

    OpenAIRE

    Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement

    2012-01-01

    À l'échelle nanométrique, l’imbrication entre savoirs et savoir-faire est telle que la distinction entre nanosciences et nanotechnologies devient artificielle, le Comité entendant à travers les “nanotechnologies” la profonde continuité qui prévaut au sein des sciences fondamentales et des technologies.[br/] Le Comité a dressé un panorama des applications avérées et potentielles des nanotechnologies dans le domaine de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation, y compris dans les pays du Sud, tou...

  17. Sons conceived by assisted reproduction techniques inherit deletions in the azoospermia factor (AZF) region of the Y chromosome and the DAZ gene copy number

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mau Kai, C; Juul, A; McElreavey, K

    2008-01-01

    number, supplemented with haplogroup typing in deleted patients, were performed, in combination with clinical assessments in 264 fathers and their sons conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART), and in 168 fertile men with normal sperm concentration. RESULTS: In the ART fathers group...

  18. Understanding Gender Differences in Children's Risk Taking and Injury: A Comparison of Mothers' and Fathers' Reactions to Sons and Daughters Misbehaving in Ways that Lead to Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrongiello, Barbara A.; Zdzieborski, Daniel; Normand, Jackie

    2010-01-01

    This study compared reactions of mothers and fathers to the risk taking behavior of sons and daughters. Mother-father pairs (N = 52) imagined their 2-year-old boy or girl behaving in risky ways in common home situations that could, and did, result in injury. Emotional and parenting reactions to the behaviors were assessed before and after injury.…

  19. Parents' experience of living with and caring for an adult son or daughter with schizophrenia at home in Ireland: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuliffe, R; O'Connor, L; Meagher, D

    2014-03-01

    This study explored the experience of parents living with, and caring for, an adult son or daughter with schizophrenia. There is increasing emphasis on the involvement of carers and users in the care for people with schizophrenia. 'A Vision for Change' highlights the need for a partnership approach and emphasizes that carers are an integral part in the planning and delivery of mental health services. In order to meet such requests, it was necessary to explore the meaning of caregiving for Irish families. A descriptive qualitative design was used to enable parents to describe their experiences. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of six parents in Ireland were carried out in 2007. The study encompassed four major themes: psychological tsunami, caring activities, coping with enduring illness and an uncertain pathway. Parents reported severe psychological distress when their son or daughter was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Their deep sense of loss was followed by acceptance of the situation. Feelings of love and a sense of responsibility helped to give meaning to their caring role. This study gave a voice to some parents of a son or daughter with schizophrenia. A family-centred approach should be at the core of care planning for this vulnerable population. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. «¿Quién soy yo? ¿Quiénes son ellos/as?». Personajes en busca de identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caretti, Laura

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Who am I? Who are they? These are the questions haunting the characters, created by writers such as Ibsen, Pirandello, Beckett and others, whose emblematic search for identity is explored in the article. The complex interconnections between subjectivity and alterity are focused within the coordinates of space (society and time (memory in their outward and inward movement. The characters are seen on stage relating also to the otherness of actors and spectators. Particular relief is given to the difference between the female and male search for identity in the light of contemporary historical changes.¿Quién soy yo? ¿Quiénes son ellos/as? Estas son las cuestiones que obsesionan a los personajes creados por escritores como Ibsen, Pirandello, Beckett y otros, cuya emblemática búsqueda de identidad se explora a lo largo de este artículo. Las complejas interconexiones entre subjetividad y alteridad son analizadas con las coordenadas del espacio (sociedad y el tiempo (memoria en su movimiento interno y externo. Los personajes son vistos en el escenario desde la alteridad de actores y espectadores. Un particular relieve se otorga a la diferencia entre la búsqueda de la identidad femenina y masculina a la luz de los cambios históricos contemporáneos.

  1. Why is Son Preference Declining in South Korea? The Role of Development and Public Policy, and the Implications for China and India

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Woojin; Das Gupta, Monica

    2007-01-01

    For years, South Korea presented the puzzling phenomenon of steeply rising sex ratios at birth despite rapid development, including in women's education and formal employment. This paper shows that son preference decreased in response to development, but its manifestation continued until the mid-1990s due to improved sex-selection technology. The paper analyzes unusually rich survey data, ...

  2. Polyandrous females provide sons with more competitive sperm: Support for the sexy-sperm hypothesis in the rattlebox moth (Utetheisa ornatrix).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, Andrea L; Hook, Kristin A; Reeve, H Kern; Iyengar, Vikram K

    2016-01-01

    Given the costs of multiple mating, why has female polyandry evolved? Utetheisa ornatrix moths are well suited for studying multiple mating in females because females are highly polyandrous over their life span, with each male mate transferring a substantial spermatophore with both genetic and nongenetic material. The accumulation of resources might explain the prevalence of polyandry in this species, but another, not mutually exclusive, possibility is that females mate multiply to increase the probability that their sons will inherit more-competitive sperm. This latter "sexy-sperm" hypothesis posits that female multiple mating and male sperm competitiveness coevolve via a Fisherian runaway process. We tested the sexy-sperm hypothesis by using competitive double matings to compare the sperm competition success of sons of polyandrous versus monandrous females. In accordance with sexy-sperm theory, we found that in 511 offspring across 17 families, the male whose polyandrous mother mated once with each of three different males sired significantly more of all total offspring (81%) than did the male whose monandrous mother was mated thrice to a single male. Interestingly, sons of polyandrous mothers had a significantly biased sex ratio of their brood toward sons, also in support of the hypothesis. © 2015 The Author(s). Evolution © 2015 The Society for the Study of Evolution.

  3. Latino Parents' Awareness and Receipt of the HPV Vaccine for Sons and Daughters in a State with Low Three-Dose Completion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kepka, Deanna; Ding, Qian; Bodson, Julia; Warner, Echo L; Mooney, Kathi

    2015-12-01

    Latinos suffer a disproportionate burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-preventable cancers, yet uptake and completion of the HPV vaccine among Latinos is below recommendations. Reasons for low HPV vaccine uptake among Latinos in Utah are unknown. We surveyed Latino parents of HPV vaccine age-eligible adolescents (N=118). Univariable analyses identified sociodemographic characteristics associated with HPV vaccine awareness, interest, and uptake for daughter(s) and/or son(s) using chi-square tests or Fisher's exact tests. More parents who had lived in the USA for 15 years or more had vaccinated their daughter (43.6 vs. 32.5%, p=0.035) compared to those living in the USA for shorter time periods. Parents born in Mexico reported their son had not received the HPV vaccine (74.6 vs. 58.3%, p=0.049) more than those born elsewhere. Parents with Mexican birthplace and ancestry reported not knowing about the HPV vaccine as the main barrier to vaccinating daughters (47.1 vs. 5.9%, p=0.002 for both) and sons (birthplace 38.3 vs. 10.3%, p=0.007; ancestry 37.1 vs. 11.1%, p=0.013) compared to those born or descending elsewhere. Non-acculturated parents with a son were more likely to report not knowing about the HPV vaccine as the main barrier to vaccine receipt (47.6 vs. 12.5%, pLatinos in an understudied region and complement prior research in other regions. This study may have implications for designing culturally tailored interventions to improve uptake of the HPV vaccine among the growing population of Latinos in Utah, and other states in the Intermountain West.

  4. Brazilian avian metapneumovirus subtypes A and B: experimental infection of broilers and evaluation of vaccine efficacy Metapneumovirus aviário subtipos A e B brasileiros: infecção experimental em frangos de corte e eficácia vacinal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia B. dos Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV is a respiratory pathogen associated with the swollen head syndrome (SHS in chickens. In Brazil, live aMPV vaccines are currently used, but subtypes A and, mainly subtype B (aMPV/A and aMPV/B are still circulating. This study was conducted to characterize two Brazilian aMPV isolates (A and B subtypes of chicken origin. A challenge trial to explore the replication ability of the Brazilian subtypes A and B in chickens was performed. Subsequently, virological protection provided from an aMPV/B vaccine against the same isolates was analyzed. Upon challenge experiment, it was shown by virus isolation and real time PCR that aMPV/B could be detected longer and in higher amounts than aMPV/A. For the protection study, 18 one-day-old chicks were vaccinated and challenged at 21 days of age. Using virus isolation and real time PCR, no aMPV/A was detected in the vaccinated chickens, whereas one vaccinated chicken challenged with the aMPV/B isolate was positive. The results showed that aMPV/B vaccine provided a complete heterologous virological protection, although homologous protection was not complete in one chicken. Although only one aMPV/B positive chicken was detected after homologous vaccination, replication in vaccinated animals might allow the emergence of escape mutants.O Metapneumovírus aviário (aMPV é um patógeno respiratório associado à síndrome da cabeça inchada (SHS em galinhas. Apesar de vacinas vivas contra o aMPV serem utilizadas no Brasil, os subtipos A e B (aMPV/A e aMPV/B são ainda encontrados no país, com predominância do subtipo B. Este estudo foi conduzido com o intuito de estudar dois isolados brasileiros de aMPV (subtipos A e B isolados de frango. Para isto, um desafio experimental em frangos foi conduzido com o intuito de explorar a capacidade de replicação dos subtipos A e B Brasileiros. Posteriormente, a protecção virológica conferida por uma vacina do subtipo B em pintos foi realizada

  5. Relations entre acides gras oméga-3, oméga-9, structures et fonctions du cerveau. Le point sur les dernières données. Le coût financier alimentaire des oméga-3 « Je chercherai à connaître les différences qui existent entre les huiles de faine, de colza, d’olive, de noix ». Honoré de Balzac. « Histoire de César Birotteau ».

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bourre Jean-Marie

    2003-05-01

    de l’audition, de la vue et de l’odorat résulte tout autant de la diminution de l’efficacité des parties concernées du cerveau que des perturbations des récepteurs sensoriels, en particulier de l’oreille interne ou de la rétine. Un niveau de perception donné du goût du sucré exige, par exemple, une quantité de sucre plus grande chez ceux qui sont déficients en cet acide gras. Le déficit en ω6 n’étant pas encore observé, compte tenu des habitudes alimentaires, son impact sur le cerveau n’a pas été étudié. En revanche, une carence en acides gras ω9, spécifiquement en acide oléique, induit une réduction de cet acide dans nombre de tissus, excepté le cerveau (mais le nerf sciatique est touché. Ainsi, cet acide ne serait pas synthétisé en quantité suffisante, au moins pendant la période de gestation-lactation, impliquant une obligation d’apport alimentaire. Cette revue fait le point des meilleures sources d’apport en acides gras ω3, elle évalue l’ampleur des enrichissements qui peuvent être réalisés en modifiant la nourriture donnée aux animaux : modeste effet pour les ruminants, appréciables pour les viandes de porc, de lapin et de volaille ; considérable pour les oeufs et les poissons. L’impact sur la couverture des besoins de l’homme est déterminé, ainsi que les conséquences pour sa santé. Pour la première fois, le coût pour le consommateur est précisé, en classant les principaux aliments par rapport au prix des ω3 qu’ils contiennent.

  6. Mid- to late Holocene climate-driven regime shifts inferred from diatom, ostracod and stable isotope records from Lake Son Kol (Central Tian Shan, Kyrgyzstan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Anja; Turner, Falko; Lauterbach, Stefan; Plessen, Birgit; Krahn, Kim J.; Glodniok, Sven; Mischke, Steffen; Stebich, Martina; Witt, Roman; Mingram, Jens; Schwalb, Antje

    2017-12-01

    Arid Central Asia represents a key region for understanding climate variability and interactions in the Northern Hemisphere. Patterns and mechanisms of Holocene climate change in arid Central Asia are, however, only partially understood. Multi-proxy data combining diatom, ostracod, sedimentological, geochemical and stable isotope analyses from a ca. 6000-year-old lake sediment core from Son Kol (Central Kyrgyzstan) show distinct and repeated changes in species assemblages. Diatom- and ostracod-inferred conductivity shifts between meso-euhaline and freshwater conditions suggest water balance and regime shifts. Organism-derived data are corroborated by stable isotope, mineralogical and geochemical records, underlining that Son Kol was affected by strong lake level fluctuations of several meters. The δ13Ccarb/δ18Ocarb correlation shows repeated switchovers from a closed to an open lake system. From 6000 to 3800 and 3250 to 1950 cal. yr BP, Son Kol was a closed basin lake with higher conductivities, increased nutrient availability and a water level located below the modern outflow. Son Kol became again a hydrologically open lake at 3800 and 1950 cal. yr BP. Comparisons to other local and regional paleoclimate records indicate that these regime shifts were largely controlled by changing intensity and position of the Westerlies and the Siberian Anticyclone that triggered changes in the amount of winter precipitation. A strong influence of the Westerlies ca. 5000-4400, 3800-3250 and since 1950 cal. yr BP enhanced the amount of precipitation during spring, autumn and winter, whereas cold and dry winters prevailed during phases with a strong Siberian Anticyclone and southward shifted Westerlies at ca. 6000-5000, 4400-3800 and 3250-1950 cal. yr BP. Similarities between variations in winter precipitation at Son Kol and records of the predominant NAO-mode further suggest a teleconnection between wet (dry) winter climate in Central Asia and a positive (negative) NAO

  7. La riqueza y la pobreza de las naciones. ¿Por qué algunas son tan ricas y otras tan pobres?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abel Ignacio López

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Landes, David. La riqueza y la pobreza de las naciones. ¿Por qué algunas son tan ricas y otras son tan pobres?, Barcelona, Editorial Crítica, 1999, 604 páginas. ¿Porqué hay naciones pobres y naciones ricas y cuál es la contribución de la historia en la comprensión de esta cuestión? El autor entiende por cultura el espíritu de empresa, el conjunto de valores que guían la conducta de una población, el dominio de la ciencia, la tecnología y el espíritu racional.

  8. La riqueza y la pobreza de las naciones. ¿Por qué algunas son tan ricas y otras tan pobres?

    OpenAIRE

    Abel Ignacio López

    2010-01-01

    Landes, David. La riqueza y la pobreza de las naciones. ¿Por qué algunas son tan ricas y otras son tan pobres?, Barcelona, Editorial Crítica, 1999, 604 páginas. ¿Porqué hay naciones pobres y naciones ricas y cuál es la contribución de la historia en la comprensión de esta cuestión? El autor entiende por cultura el espíritu de empresa, el conjunto de valores que guían la conducta de una población, el dominio de la ciencia, la tecnología y el espíritu racional.

  9. The association between an abusive father-son relationship, quantity of alcohol consumption, and male-to-male alcohol-related aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Peter; Hargreaves, Jessica; Curtis, Ashlee; Zinkiewicz, Lucy

    2013-09-01

    While alcohol consumption and heavy episodic (binge) drinking are well-established predictors of male-to-male alcohol-related aggression (MMARA), the role of the father-son relationship in MMARA has yet to be explored. This study therefore examined whether fathering by the biological father rather than another father figure, negative fathering, and gender role modeled by the father figure were significant predictors of involvement in MMARA, once drinking frequency and quantity and heavy episodic drinking were controlled for. A total of 121 university students aged 18 to 25 years (M = 20.63, SD = 1.77 years) voluntarily completed the online questionnaire. The only significant predictors of perpetration of MMARA were a more abusive paternal relationship and drinking quantity (number of standard drinks usually consumed when drinking). Negative father-son relationships may play a role in fostering young men's perpetration of MMARA in the barroom context. Copyright © 2013 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

  10. Evaluación de anemia ferropénica en la primera infancia del Municipio de Sonsón-Antioquia, 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Salgado, Tulia Isabel; Pérez Escobar, Rocío

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de anemia por deficiencia de hierro en niños de la primera infancia del municipio de Sonsón – Antioquia, en el año 2007. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 391 niños de 0 a 84 meses de edad del Municipio de Sonsón, Antioquia. Se estudiaron los parámetros de hemoglobina y ferritina sérica utilizando puntos de corte de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Se calcularon las medidas de frecuencia y de resumen y los intervalos de...

  11. Parental choice: what parents want in a son-in-law and a daughter-in-law across 67 pre-industrial societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostolou, Menelaos

    2010-11-01

    Parents are influential over mate choice, and in most human societies they choose spouses for their offspring according to their own preferences. However, surprising little is known about the qualities which make a woman desirable as a daughter-in-law and a man desirable as a son-in-law. Using evidence from 67 societies such traits are identified and three hypotheses are tested: first, the hypothesis is tested that parents desire in an in-law qualities which are beneficial to them and their kin. Second, it is hypothesized that such preferences are contingent upon the sex of the in-law, as traits are weighted differently in a daughter-in-law and in a son-in-law. The third hypothesis tested is that parental preferences vary according to the subsistence type of a given society, as traits are valued differently in agropastoral societies and foraging societies. The evidence presented here provides support for all three hypotheses.

  12. 现代文明中的爱情悲剧%The Traglc Love in Modern Civilization·On lawrence's Sons and Lovers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾文雄

    2001-01-01

    Lawrence's Sons and Lover reflects the people in modern civilization are killed off their capacity and emotions to respond to the natural beauty and the loveliness in the human being. There are conflicts in pursuing :instinct, rationality and spirituality.Through the discussion on the hero's tragiclove stories, we can find only if hese conflicts can be solved,perfect humanity will be gained·

  13. Yo no soy marinero, soy capitán:Usos sociopolíticos contemporáneos del fandango y el son jarocho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Figueroa­ Hernández

    2015-01-01

    Siguiendo las reglas musicales y líricas tradicionales del son jarocho, un creciente grupo de personas han estado usando el fandango como una manera de participar en protestas sociales de varias maneras: a creando o manteniendo identidad entre grupos subalternos, b diseminando ideas políticas y sociales a través de letras basadas en formas tradicionales y c mediante la participación directa en manifestaciones y marchas entre otras.

  14. The role of pH in the vapor hydration at 175 °C of the French SON68 glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ait Chaou, Abdelouahed; Abdelouas, Abdesselam; El Mendili, Yassine; Martin, Christelle

    2017-01-01

    The French simulated nuclear waste SON68 glass was altered in the presence of water vapor at 175 °C and 98% of relative humidity under several atmospheres (NH_3, H_2S, CO_2 and argon). The objectives were to study the role of pH on hydration kinetics and secondary phases formation. The hydration was followed by infrared spectroscopy and the nature and extent of alteration products were determined by characterizing the reacted glass surface with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), μ-Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The glass hydration/alteration rate clearly increased with increasing pH, that is controlled by the gas atmosphere, as the following: NH_3 > Ar > CO_2 > H_2S. This can directly be linked to the secondary phases precipitated on the glass surface. Hence, the major alteration products observed at high pH (under NH_3 and Ar) are analcime and Ca-silicates hydrates (CSH) while at low pH (under CO_2 and H_2S) only a hydrated gel layer was identified. - Highlights: • The vapor hydration study of the SON68 glass under geological conditions. • The secondary phases formation in the alteration of SON68 glass. • The pH effect on the alteration kinetics of glass.

  15. A new family of N dimensional superintegrable double singular oscillators and quadratic algebra Q(3) ⨁ so(n) ⨁ so(N-n)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazlul Hoque, Md; Marquette, Ian; Zhang, Yao-Zhong

    2015-11-01

    We introduce a new family of N dimensional quantum superintegrable models consisting of double singular oscillators of type (n, N-n). The special cases (2,2) and (4,4) have previously been identified as the duals of 3- and 5-dimensional deformed Kepler-Coulomb systems with u(1) and su(2) monopoles, respectively. The models are multiseparable and their wave functions are obtained in (n, N-n) double-hyperspherical coordinates. We obtain the integrals of motion and construct the finitely generated polynomial algebra that is the direct sum of a quadratic algebra Q(3) involving three generators, so(n), so(N-n) (i.e. Q(3) ⨁ so(n) ⨁ so(N-n)). The structure constants of the quadratic algebra itself involve the Casimir operators of the two Lie algebras so(n) and so(N-n). Moreover, we obtain the finite dimensional unitary representations (unirreps) of the quadratic algebra and present an algebraic derivation of the degenerate energy spectrum of the superintegrable model.

  16. Deriving Empirically-Based Design Guidelines for Advanced Learning Technologies that Foster Disciplinary Comprehension / Définir des lignes directrices fondées sur des données empiriques pour les technologies d’apprentissage avancé qui favorisent la compr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Poitras

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Planning, conducting, and reporting leading-edge research requires professionals who are capable of highly skilled reading. This study reports the development of an empirically informed computer-based learning environment designed to foster the acquisition of reading comprehension strategies that mediate expertise in the social sciences. Empirical data were gathered in a mixed-methods explanatory sequential design that examined the reading comprehension strategies used by an expert social scientist while reading a professional-level text. Process data were collected through a concurrent think-aloud protocol and coded according to reading comprehension processes. We combined both quantitative and qualitative analyses to identify, describe, and explain patterns in the expert’s use of reading strategies. Our findings indicate that highly-skilled reading is characterized by critiquing text information, relating information to prior knowledge, and evaluating one’s own understanding of text information. Findings are used to inform the design of worked-examples and a pedagogical agent embedded within the Highly-Skilled Reading Tutor. Le type de planification, de réalisation et l’analyse qui caractérise une recherche d’avant-garde nécessite des professionnels en mesure d’effectuer des lectures hautement spécialisées. La présente étude dresse un rapport sur l’élaboration d’un milieu d’apprentissage informatisé conçu pour favoriser l’acquisition de stratégies de compréhension en lecture permettant d’assurer la transmission des connaissances spécialisées en sciences sociales. La collecte de données empiriques s’est effectuée suivant une conception séquentielle explicative fondée sur une méthode mixte, qui étudiait les stratégies de compréhension de lecture utilisées par un expert en sciences sociales lors de sa lecture d’un texte de calibre professionnel. La collecte des données sur le processus s

  17. Monitoring of SAGD Process: Seismic Interpretation of Ray+Born Synthetic 4D Data Monitoring de procédé SAGD : interprétation sismique de données 4D synthétiques ray+Born

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph C.

    2012-03-01

    the synthetic (noise-free and noisy seismic data. Some of these attributes prove to be robust to the noise and to show some production effect. Possible trends between these attributes and the modelled reservoir/geomechanical properties (lithofacies, pressure, temperature, steam saturation, etc. are also evaluated. Finally, geobodies are extracted from the seismic attributes. L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer quelle information de production peut être déduite d’une campagne sismique 4D durant le procédé de récupération par injection de vapeur SAGD (Steam- Assisted Gravity Drainage. En plus des hétérogénéités réservoir d’origine géologique, de nombreux facteurs interagissent pendant la production thermique d’huile lourde et de bitume, ce qui complique l’interprétation des données sismiques 4D : variation de la viscosité de l’huile, des saturations en fluide, de la pression de pore, etc. Cette étude est basée sur le champ pétrolier Hangingstone de la formation McMurray en Athabasca (Canada. Dans des travaux antérieurs, un modèle statique initial (géologique, pétroacoustique et géomécanique avait été construit. Puis la production thermique d’huile lourde avait été simulée en mettant en oeuvre le couplage d’un modèle d’écoulement de réservoir et d’un modèle géomécanique. Les paramètres sismiques des roches saturées (densité, vitesses de compression et de cisaillement avaient alors été calculés à plusieurs étapes de la production à partir des paramètres mécaniques et de réservoir. À partir de ces résultats, une acquisition sismique est simulée à quatre états de production SAGD. Comme on s’intéresse aux réflexions sismiques en ondes de compression générées dans le réservoir, une modélisation sismique orientée cible est choisie. Cette modélisation est basée sur une approche ray+Born et permet de calculer la réponse sismique en estimant correctement les amplitudes sismiques en

  18. Les relations économiques États-Unis / Amérique latine pendant les années Bush : la nouvelle donne Economic Relations between the United States and Latin America in the Bush Years: Changing Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Alors que l’élection de George B. Bush à la présidence des États-Unis avait pu autoriser certains à nourrir l’espoir d’une relance du processus d’intégration économique entre l’Amérique latine et l’Amérique du Nord, le bilan de ces huit années est mitigé et bien des incertitudes pesaient sur l’avenir de ce processus au moment de l’entrée en fonction de Barack Obama. Pour éclairer cette évolution, l’article replace les années Bush dans le contexte du recentrage sur la dimension économique de la relation qui fut consécutif à la fin de la guerre froide. La première partie, fondée sur l’étude des données chiffrées disponibles concernant les échanges commerciaux et des mouvements de capitaux, met en évidence une progression en trompe l’œil de ces flux, suggérant un désintérêt relatif des États-Unis pour leur traditionnelle arrière-cour. Pour rendre compte de cette nouvelle donne, la seconde partie revient sur le cadre géopolitique et géoéconomique dans laquelle s’inscrit la relation à partir de 2001.While George W. Bush’s election had promised to revive the drive towards further economic integration in the Americas, as he was leaving office eight years later the achievements of his presidency seemed rather mixed and the future of U.S.-Latin America relations uncertain. To shed light on this turnaround, this paper sets the Bush years in the wider context of post-Cold War renewed U.S. emphasis on the economic dimension of its relationship to Latin America. The first part, which focuses on quantitative data, concludes that although two-way trade and capital flows did grow significantly between 2000 and 2007, the momentum of the 1990s was largely lost. In an attempt to account for this trend, the second part focuses on the geopolitical and geoeconomic background which led to the United States’ relations with Latin America taking a new direction after 2001.

  19. Cuando son muchas las voces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz, Manuel

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The work departs from an approach to the genesis of the concept of responsibility. Some features of the concept that have today become obvious can already come into sight in this first approach. The work devotes itself then to point out the implications (and, most of all, the consequences involved in openly ascribing responsibility to the Modern Age and to the rise of industrial civilization. One of these main consequences is perhaps to have to deal with a number of theoretical topics in a necessary connexion with another axial topic of modern thought, namely, identity. Besides, the essay points also to a number of topics, such as the problem of the alleged collective responsibilities and also that of evil, just to quote two of them, whose magnitude may serve as an indicator to the relevance of the concept of responsibility in contemporary thought.

    Tras una inicial aproximación a la génesis del concepto de responsabilidad, génesis en la que se empiezan a percibir algunos de los rasgos del mismo que terminarán por hacerse explícitos en nuestros días, el trabajo se centra en señalar las implicaciones (y, sobre todo, las consecuencias que tiene adscribir decididamente la responsabilidad a la época moderna y, en concreto, al surgimiento de la civilización industrial. Acaso una de las más importantes sea la de obligarnos a plantear toda una serie de asuntos en conexión necesaria con otro tema-eje del pensamiento moderno, el de la identidad. Junto a dicho tema, en el texto quedan apuntados otros, como el de la justa escala en la que abordar tales asuntos (o, lo que viene a ser lo mismo, el problema de las presuntas responsabilidades colectivas o el del mal, por citar sólo dos, cuya envergadura puede servir como indicador de la importancia que presenta el concepto de responsabilidad en el pensamiento contemporáneo.

  20. Ferney et son nouveau visage

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Ferney-Voltaire's third annual fête in h. of Voltaire will take place on 26 June. The theme this year is Newton and the emblem is the apple. CERN, which is celebrating its fiftieth anniversary this year, will be participating in the fête, and has sent a magnet to be displayed outside the Town Hall (1 paragraph)

  1. Evaluación de anemia ferropénica en la primera infancia del Municipio de Sonsón-Antioquia, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulia Isabel Castillo Salgado

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de anemia por deficiencia de hierro en niños de la primera infancia del municipio de Sonsón – Antioquia, en el año 2007. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 391 niños de 0 a 84 meses de edad del Municipio de Sonsón, Antioquia. Se estudiaron los parámetros de hemoglobina y ferritina sérica utilizando puntos de corte de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS. Se calcularon las medidas de frecuencia y de resumen y los intervalos de confianza para proporciones y las pruebas de estadística paramétrica y no paramétrica. Resultados: La prevalencia de anemia ferropénica fue de 4,3% y la media de ferritina sérica y de hemoglobina para la población del estudio fue de 29,9 ng/mL y 12,6 g/dL respectivamente. Adicionalmente se halló significancia estadística de la prevalencia de anemia ferropénica por grupo de edad (p<0,0001; pero no se encontró significancia estadística de la  prevalencia de anemia con el sexo (p= 1,0000.  Conclusión: La prevalencia de anemia ferropénica en los niños de la primera infancia del Municipio de Sonsón fue baja de acuerdo con los parámetros de hemoglobina y ferritina sérica establecidos por la OMS, hay variación de la anemia ferropénica por grupo de edad pero no por sexo.

  2. Aplicação do algoritmo de contraponto dissonante de Tenney na determinação de parciais em espectros de sons concretos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Santos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, propomos um sistema para determinação de harmonias espectrais extraídas de sons concretos a partir da utilização do algoritmo de contraponto dissonante, desenvolvido por James Tenney. Com base nesse algoritmo, definimos um sistema composicional, descrevemos sua implementação como aplicativo computacional e o utilizamos no planejamento composicional de duas obras originais: o primeiro movimento de um quarteto de clarinetes e um quinteto de metais.

  3. “AND THE TSAR BEGAN SOBBING BITTERLY...” (ON THE ISSUE OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE KILLING HIS SON 6 NOVEMBER 1581

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Матвеевич Козьменко

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the issue about the death of Prince Ivan, son of Ivan the terrible, examines the sources and historiography of the problem. The analysis allowed to establish that often coming today appeals to review this story for "the betterment" of the image of Ivan the terrible have no historical basis. The main conclusion of the article Tsarevich Ivan tragically died at the hands of his father, which was a deep shock to Ivan the terrible and accelerated his death.

  4. Bioconectores: ¿son realmente eficaces en la reducción de las bacteriemias relacionadas con el catéter permanente para hemodiálisis?

    OpenAIRE

    Crehuet Rodríguez, Isabel; Bernárdez Lemus, María Albina; Ramírez Crehuet, Marta; Méndez Briso-Montiano, Pilar; Ruiz-Zorrilla López, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Uno de los mayores problemas que presentan los catéteres venosos centrales tunelizados para hemodiálisis son las infecciones, por su gravedad y los elevados costes que generan. Por ello, es importante su prevención, ya que, además, el número de catéteres ha aumentado considerablemente en los últimos años. Objetivos: Realizamos este estudio en nuestra unidad para analizar: • Eficacia de unos conectores con sistema cerrado (TEGO®) en la prevención de bacteriemia relacionada con el catéter. • In...

  5. Influência das vogais na estimulabilidade dos sons líquidos Vowels influence in the stimulability for liquid sounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Mathias de Castro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar o número de crianças, entre 5:0 e 11:6 anos, com e sem Transtorno Fonológico, falantes do Português Brasileiro que imitaram corretamente os sons líquidos no teste de estimulabilidade considerando cada uma das vogais subsequentes. MÉTODOS: a estimulabilidade foi medida por uma prova de imitação de 63 sílabas com os sons com as sete vogais orais, em três repetições. Foi analisada a porcentagem de sujeitos que produziu corretamente os sons em função da vogal subsequente. RESULTADOS: o foi o som com mais produções corretas, independente da vogal subsequente; o foi melhor produzido com as vogais subsequentes [ε, ó], parecendo ser a altura da língua em posição média-baixa facilitadora da produção desse som; o foi melhor produzido com as vogais subsequentes arredondadas [o, ó, u] evidenciando que o gesto articulatório de arredondamento dos lábios facilita a produção deste som, assim como a posição média-alta e posterior da língua. CONCLUSÃO: as vogais subsequentes aos sons líquidos estudados evidenciam influências em suas produções, de forma a facilitá-las.PURPOSE: to check the number of children, between 5:0 and 11:6-year old, with and without Phonological Disorder, Brazilian Portuguese speaking children that imitated correctly the liquid sounds in the stimulability test considering each one of the subsequent vowels. METHODS: the stimulability was measured in syllable imitation of 63 syllables with the sounds with seven oral vowels. We analyzed the percentage of subjects that produced correctly the sounds as a function of the subsequent vowel. RESULTS: the was the sound with more correct productions, independent of the sequent vowel; the was better produced with the vowels [ε, ó], and it seems that the medium-lower position height of the tongue is make easier the production of this sound; the was better produced with the vowels [o, ó, u], it seems that the round position of the lips

  6. Death of a Son is Associated With Risk of Suicide Among Parous Women in Taiwan: A Nested Case-Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Chih-Cheng; Kuo, Chien-Chun; Wu, Trong-Neng; Yang, Chun-Yuh

    2012-01-01

    Background The impact of the sex of a deceased child on maternal suicide has not been studied. We examined whether the death of a child, especially a son, increased the risk of suicide among parous Taiwanese women. Methods This matched case-control study was done within a cohort of 1 292 462 Taiwanese women who experienced a first and singleton childbirth between 1 January 1978 and 31 December 1987 and were followed up until 31 December 2008. From the cohort, 2701 suicide cases were identifie...

  7. Proposal of a new model for dose calculation due to the inhalation of Ru-222, Ru-220 and their sons with brief half-life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mauricio, C.L.P.

    1982-06-01

    The consequences of the radiation interactions upon the human body are studied. In order to simulate by computer the radiation interaction of the atoms of radon and thoron atoms and their Sons with a brief half life inhaled with the cells, the compartimental dosimetric model is used. The metabolic pathway of those radionuclides is described by continuous medium dynamic differential equation. The energy transfer processes are seen in details. The individual retention function is determined by bio-analysis. The results of internal dosimetry are consistents with the new international recommendations from ICRP-32. (L.F.S.) [pt

  8. ¿Son las TIC un factor clave en la adquisición de competencias? Un análisis con evaluaciones por ordenador

    OpenAIRE

    Mediavilla, Mauro; Escardíbul Ferrà, Josep Oriol

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo analiza los efectos de la tenencia y uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIc) en la adquisición de competencias (evaluadas por ordenador en la prueba de PIsa de 2012). los principales resultados son los siguientes. En primer lugar, se constata que las variables TIc inciden en mayor medida en la adquisición de matemáticas que en el resto de competencias evaluadas (comprensión lectora y ciencias). En segundo lugar, resulta relevante la variable TIc utilizad...

  9. L’exposition prolongée des consommateurs à un nouveau produit permet-elle d’accroître son adoption ?

    OpenAIRE

    Masson, Josselin; Aurier, Philippe; D'hauteville, François

    2010-01-01

    Cette recherche évalue l’effet de la consommation à domicile d’un nouveau produit (le vin à teneur réduite en alcool) sur son acceptabilité à long terme par les consommateurs, et suppose que l’exposition au produit et l’information non-sensorielle influenceront leurs évaluations hédoniques. Deux groupes de consommateurs ont alors été exposés soit à un vin normal, soit à un vin à teneur réduite en alcool, en condition aveugle le premier mois puis avec l’indication de leurs teneurs en alcool le...

  10. Alteraciones oculares y visuales en personas que trabajan con ordenador y son usuarias de lentes de contacto: una revisión bibliográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Tauste Francés

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El elevado número de personas que trabajando con ordenador utiliza lentes de contacto plantea la cuestión sobre si la suma de estos dos factores de riesgo para la salud visual puede originar un agravamiento del Síndrome Visual Informático. El objetivo de esta revisión es sintetizar el conocimiento científico sobre las alteraciones oculares y visuales relacionadas con la exposición a ordenador en usuarios de lentes de contacto. Métodos: Revisión de artículos científicos (2003-2013 en español e inglés, realizando una búsqueda bibliográfica, en Medline a través de PubMed y en Scopus. Resultados: La búsqueda inicial aportó 114 trabajos, después de aplicar criterios de inclusión/exclusión se incluyeron seis artículos. Todos ellos ponen de manifiesto que las alteraciones al utilizar el ordenador son más frecuentes en las personas usuarias de lentes de contacto, con prevalencias que oscilan de 95,0% al 16,9% que en las que no utilizan lentes de contacto, cuya prevalencia va del 57,5% al 9,9% y con una probabilidad cuatro veces mayor de padecer ojo seco [OR: 4,07 (IC 95%: 3,52-4,71]. Conclusiones: Las personas usuarias de ordenador padecen más alteraciones oculares y visuales cuando además son usuarias de lentes de contacto, pero los estudios son escasos y poco contundentes. Se precisan nuevas investigaciones que analicen la influencia según los tipos de lentes y sus condiciones de uso, tanto en la sintomatología como en la calidad de la lágrima y la superficie ocular. Las lentes de hidrogel de silicona son las que se asocian a mayor confort.

  11. Les enjeux liés à l’intégration de l’approche BIM de modélisation des données du bâtiment à l’enseignement universitaire : cas d’une école d’ingénierie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrad Boton

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Le succès grandissant de l’approche de modélisation des données du bâtiment (BIM change le paradigme de fonctionnement de l’industrie de la construction et les universités sont confrontées à des défis importants dans leurs efforts pour introduire l’approche BIM dans l’enseignement. Plusieurs travaux ont étudié la question, mais chaque étude en a abordé des aspects spécifiques. Ainsi, il n’existe pas de cadre global fournissant des lignes directrices pratiques et neutres. Le cadre proposé dans cet article établit sept grands défis : les compétences à acquérir, l’approche pédagogique, les méthodes d’évaluation, l’environnement technologique, les partenariats industriels, l’approche de mise en œuvre et le calendrier. L’étude du cas d’une université d’ingénierie canadienne est également proposée.

  12. Fomentando la innovación de producto en las empresas nuevas: ¿Qué instrumentos públicos son más efectivos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Antolín-López

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de la importancia atribuida a la innovación y al emprendimiento como factores clave para promover el desarrollo socioeconómico de los países, existe un gran desconocimiento sobre qué instrumentos públicos de innovación son más efectivos para las empresas nuevas. Este estudio analiza las características de las empresas nuevas y cómo los principales instrumentos públicos de innovación responden a ellas. Dichas relaciones se analizan empíricamente en una muestra de 438 empresas nuevas europeas. Los resultados muestran que los préstamos para la financiación de proyectos de innovación, ayudas para la creación de redes, para la provisión de información y para la asistencia a ferias tienen un efecto positivo en la innovación de producto. Sin embargo, instrumentos públicos más tradicionales como son las subvenciones y las reducciones de impuestos no parecen ser efectivos. Este estudio tiene importantes implicaciones teóricas y prácticas para el diseño más eficaz y eficiente de políticas públicas de innovación para las empresas nuevas.

  13. ¿Los estudiantes de educación básica y media son víctimas de maltrato por parte de sus profesores?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvia Sánchez-Jiménez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es caracterizar el nivel de victimi - zación de 3.226 estudiantes de educación básica y media, de grados sexto a once, de colegios oficiales de la ciudad de Bogotá, desde su percepción de las manifestaciones de maltrato y / o agresión por parte de sus profesores. El instrumento “Maltrato a estudiante por parte del profesor” consta de 20 ítems de respuesta politómica y en él se describe la frecuencia con la que los estudiantes son víctimas de las manifestaciones de violencia y / o agresión evaluadas. Se presentan los resultados del análisis estadístico descriptivo de los datos usando el modelo de teoría de respuesta al ítem de crédito parcial generalizado. Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación señalan que, aunque es poco frecuente, los estudiantes de educación básica y media son víctimas de maltrato por parte de algunos de sus profesores.

  14. Parents think their sons are brighter than their daughters: sex differences in parental self-estimations and estimations of their children's multiple intelligences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnham, Adrian; Reeves, Emma; Budhani, Salima

    2002-03-01

    In this study, 156 participants, predominantly White British adults (M age = 44.3 years) rated themselves on overall IQ and on H. Gardner's (1983) 7 intelligence subtypes. Parents (n = 120) also estimated the intelligence of their children. Men's self-estimates were significantly higher than women's (110.15 vs. 104.84). Participants thought their verbal, mathematical, and spatial intelligence scores were the best indicators of their own overall intelligence. Parents estimated that their sons had significantly higher IQs than their daughters (115.21 vs. 107.49). Self-estimates and estimates of children's multiple intelligences were higher for men and sons, significantly so for logical-mathematical and spatial intelligence. Parents rated 2nd-born daughters as having significantly higher verbal and musical intelligence than their male counterparts. Higher parental IQ self-estimates corresponded with higher IQ estimates for children. Results for 1st-born children were clearest and showed the most significant differences. The findings are interpreted in terms of sociocultural and familial influences and the possibility of actual sex differences in particular abilities.

  15. When Parents Separate and One Parent 'Comes Out' as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual: Sons and Daughters Engage with the Tension that Occurs When Their Family Unit Changes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siobhán C Daly

    Full Text Available The experiences of Irish sons and daughters born into heterosexually-organised parental partnerships/unions whose parents have separated and one has come out as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual (LGB were explored through a grounded theory approach. 15 adult children (over the age of 18 years, who varied in age when their parents separated and one disclosed as LGB, were interviewed. The primary concern that emerged centred on participants having to adjust to their parents' being separated, as opposed to their parent being LGB. This involved engaging with the tension that arose from the loss of the parental union, which involved changes to the home environment and adapting to new parental partners and family units. Heightened reflection on sexual orientation and an increased sensitivity to societal LGB prejudice were specifically associated with a parent coming out as LGB. How parents negotiated disclosing the changes to others, the level of support available to parents, and how capable parents were at maintaining the parent-child relationship had an impact on the tension experienced by sons and daughters. Participants moved from initially avoiding and resisting the family changes that were occurring to gradual consonance with their altered family environments. Concluding directions for research and clinical considerations are suggested.

  16. AutoCAD 3D pour l'architecture et le design : conception d'une maison et de son mobilier

    CERN Document Server

    Riccio, Michel

    2010-01-01

    Module 3D d'AutoCAD, logiciel leader de dessin assisté par ordinateur, AutoCAD 3D est l'outil indispensable des architectes qui souhaitent présenter leurs travaux en trois dimensions. Voici donc un livre très pédagogique qui leur fera découvrir ses principales fonctionnalités (versions 2006 à 2010) à travers un projet de conception de maison contemporaine. Riche de 700 plans, schémas et dessins, il explique quels outils employer pour modéliser les façades d'une villa, sa piscine et sa terrasse, ainsi que son architecture intérieure et son mobilier. Dès les premières pages, le lecteur se retrouve ainsi plongé dans la pratique, voyant se construire au fil des 17 ateliers un édifice tridimensionnel complexe, qu'il aura la satisfaction d'avoir créé lui-même. A qui s'adresse ce livre ? Aux bureaux d'architectes qui souhaitent présenter leurs projets en 3D ; À tous les étudiants en écoles d'architecture ; Aux utilisateurs 2D d'AutoCAD qui désirent connaître les fonctions 3D de ce logiciel.

  17. ¿Son las transferencias del sector hidroeléctrico un instrumento eficaz para la protección de los recursos naturales?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Diego Vélez Gómez

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Las transferencias del sector eléctrico son uno de los instrumentos financieros más importantes con los que cuentan las Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales (CAR para financiar su presupuesto. Este instrumento suscita actualmente un debate acerca de su capacidad para remunerar el capital natural aportado por los territorios en el desarrollo del sector eléctrico. En este artículo se explica cómo funcionan las CAR y la importancia de las transferencias del sector eléctrico para ellas. Se ofrece un escenario comparativo de las transferencias calculadas de acuerdo al proyecto de Ley 88 de 2010, para observar diferencias significativas en cuanto a la remuneración del capital natural de acuerdo con el artículo 45 de la Ley 99 de 1993. Sin embargo, más allá del simple aspecto remunerativo de la Ley, se pretende mostrar que las CAR no son organizaciones aptas para el cumplimiento de sus funciones, lo cual hace que el tema de su financiamiento sea desplazado ante evidentes fallas de gestión de sus recursos y en algunos casos problemas de corrupción que hacen que las transferencias no cumplan su objetivo.

  18. When Parents Separate and One Parent 'Comes Out' as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual: Sons and Daughters Engage with the Tension that Occurs When Their Family Unit Changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, Siobhán C; MacNeela, Pádraig; MacNeela, Pádriag; Sarma, Kiran M

    2015-01-01

    The experiences of Irish sons and daughters born into heterosexually-organised parental partnerships/unions whose parents have separated and one has come out as Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual (LGB) were explored through a grounded theory approach. 15 adult children (over the age of 18 years), who varied in age when their parents separated and one disclosed as LGB, were interviewed. The primary concern that emerged centred on participants having to adjust to their parents' being separated, as opposed to their parent being LGB. This involved engaging with the tension that arose from the loss of the parental union, which involved changes to the home environment and adapting to new parental partners and family units. Heightened reflection on sexual orientation and an increased sensitivity to societal LGB prejudice were specifically associated with a parent coming out as LGB. How parents negotiated disclosing the changes to others, the level of support available to parents, and how capable parents were at maintaining the parent-child relationship had an impact on the tension experienced by sons and daughters. Participants moved from initially avoiding and resisting the family changes that were occurring to gradual consonance with their altered family environments. Concluding directions for research and clinical considerations are suggested.

  19. Sexy sons from re-mating do not recoup the direct costs of harmful male interactions in the Drosophila melanogaster laboratory model system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orteiza, N; Linder, J E; Rice, W R

    2005-09-01

    The empirical foundation for sexual conflict theory is the data from many different taxa demonstrating that females are harmed while interacting with males. However, the interpretation of this keystone evidence has been challenged because females may more than counterbalance the direct costs of interacting with males by the indirect benefits of obtaining higher quality genes for their offspring. A quantification of this trade-off is critical to resolve the controversy and is presented here. A multi-generation fitness assay in the Drosophila melanogaster laboratory model system was used to quantify both the direct costs to females due to interactions with males and indirect benefits via sexy sons. We specifically focus on the interactions that occur between males and nonvirgin females. In the laboratory environment of our base population, females mate soon after eclosion and store sufficient sperm for their entire lifetime, yet males persistently court these nonvirgin females and frequently succeed in re-mating them. Females may benefit from these interactions despite direct costs to their lifetime fecundity if re-mating allows them to trade-up to mates of higher genetic quality and thereby secure indirect benefits for their offspring. We found that direct costs of interactions between males and nonvirgin females substantially exceeded indirect benefits through sexy sons. These data, in combination with past studies of the good genes route of indirect benefits, demonstrate that inter-sexual interactions drive sexually antagonistic co-evolution in this model system.

  20. Psychosocial determinants of parental human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine decision-making for sons: Methodological challenges and initial results of a pan-Canadian longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Samara; Tatar, Ovidiu; Shapiro, Gilla K; Dubé, Eve; Ogilvie, Gina; Guichon, Juliet; Gilca, Vladimir; Rosberger, Zeev

    2016-12-05

    HPV vaccination decision-making is a complex process that is influenced by multiple psychosocial determinants. Given the change in policy recommendation to include males in routine HPV vaccination, our goals were to assess the HPV vaccination uptake in Canada, to understand where Canadian parents were situated in the HPV vaccine decision-making process for their son, how they changed over time and which psychosocial determinants were relevant for this process. We used an online survey methodology and collected data from a nationally representative sample of Canadian parents of boys aged 9-16 at baseline (T1, February 2014) and at 9 months' follow-up (T2). Our analyses were guided by the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM), a theoretical health behavior model that classifies parents in one of six stages: unaware, unengaged, undecided, decided not to vaccinate, decided to vaccinate and those who had already vaccinated their sons. Rigorous methods were used to filter out careless responders: response variance, bogus items, psychometric antonyms and psychometric synonyms. At T1 and T2, we received 3,784 and 1,608 respectively completed questionnaires; after data cleaning 3,117 (T1) and 1,427 (T2) were retained. Less than 3% of boys were vaccinated at both time points. At both T1 and T2, most parents (over 70%) belonged to the earlier vaccination adoption stages: 57% were unaware (T1) and 15.3% (T2); 20.9% were unengaged (T1) and 32.4% (T2); and 9.1% were undecided (T1) and 25.2% (T2). At follow-up, 37.7% of participants did not move from their initial PAPM decision-making stage. Most parents (55%) preferred to receive information from their healthcare provider (HCP) but only 6% (T1) and 12% (T2) had actually spoken with a HCP about the HPV vaccine for their son. HPV vaccination uptake in Canadian boys was very low in the absence of a publicly funded HPV vaccination programs for boys. Optimal HPV information preferences were identified and can be used in